These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Elastic intramedullary nailing and DBM-Bone marrow injection for the treatment of simple bone cysts  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Simple or unicameral bone cysts are common benign fluid-filled lesions usually located at the long bones of children before skeletal maturity. METHODS: We performed demineralized bone matrix and iliac crest bone marrow injection combined with elastic intramedullary nailing for the treatment of simple bone cysts in long bones of 9 children with a mean age of 12.6 years (range,

Anastasios D Kanellopoulos; Andreas F Mavrogenis; Panayiotis J Papagelopoulos; Panayotis N Soucacos

2007-01-01

2

Simple bone cyst of the distal tibia: a case for ankle arthroscopy.  

PubMed

Intraarticular ankle anatomy may be better visualized arthroscopically than with an arthrotomy. Ankle arthroscopy was crucial in locating a simple bone cyst and directing therapeutic curettage of the lesion. PMID:1755887

Andrews, J R; Tedder, J L; Godbout, B P

1991-01-01

3

Atypical presentations of simple bone cysts of the mandible: a case series and review of literature.  

PubMed

Simple bone cysts are well-defined intraosseous radiolucencies that often extend between the roots and appear clinically like empty cavities. This article aims to provide more information about this lesion with limited prominence in academic literature, to illustrate atypical cases, and to provide a review of the current literature. A series of six atypical cases of simple bone cysts is presented and their clinical, radiographic and microscopic characteristics, differential diagnosis, treatment and follow-up are discussed. Correct diagnosis of this entity is of key importance, since it presents with clinical & radiographic similarities to other bone lesions, some exhibiting more aggressive behaviour. PMID:23218982

Sabino-Bezerra, José Ribamar; Santos-Silva, Alan Roger; Jorge, Jacks; Gouvêa, Adriele Ferreira; Lopes, Márcio Ajudarte

2013-07-01

4

MR imaging of simple bone cysts in children: not so simple  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. The unicameral bone cyst (UBC) is a common cystic bone lesion seen in children. We review and summarize its MR findings,\\u000a focusing on their appearance following contrast enhancement, and correlating them to known histologic features of UBC. Subjects and methods. A retrospective review of 20 cases (13 boys, 7 girls; age range, 1–17 years; mean age, 8.9) diagnosed as

Ryan Margau; P. Babyn; William Cole; Charles Smith; Francis Lee

2000-01-01

5

Solid variant of aneurysmal bone cyst in the tibia treated with simple curettage without bone graft: a case report  

PubMed Central

The solid variant of aneurysmal bone cyst (solid ABC) is rarely encountered in long bones and appropriate treatment for this disease remains unclear. We experienced a 13-year-old boy suffering from pain in his left knee caused by solid ABC. Simple curettage of the bone lesion without any adjuvant therapy and a bone graft gave immediate pain relief. Histological examination of the surgical specimen showed typical features of solid ABC, and cycloxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression was confirmed in giant cells with a background of spindle cells by immunohistochemistry. Magnetic resonance imaging showed that soft tissue edema surrounding the lesion was improved two months after surgery and there was no indication of recurrence two years after surgery. If COX-2 secreted from the tumor induces soft tissue edema, simple curettage of the bone lesion seems to be a reasonable treatment for solid ABC and is able to minimize invasive treatment of the patients. PMID:22348469

2012-01-01

6

Simple cyst of urinary bladder.  

PubMed

Simple cysts are rare in the urinary bladder and can pose a diagnostic dilemma to both the urologist and the histopathologist. No case study was found in the database of Elsevier Science Direct, Spring-Link, or PubMed. We present two cases of subserous cyst in the bladder and discuss the diagnosis and treatment of the condition. The cystic lesion at bladder dome was detected by radiologic examination and confirmed by cystoscopy. In case 1, transurethral resection was first performed which was followed by partial cystectomy; In case 2, the cyst was removed with the urachus using laparoscopic surgery. The patients recovered uneventfully and the histopathology showed cysts in subserous layer of urinary bladder. The bladder cyst should be distinguished from urachal tumor, and laparoscopic partial cystectomy is the preferred operative procedure. PMID:25125900

Bo, Yang

2014-07-01

7

Cyst arising in a free bone graft  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cyst which arose in an autogenous iliac crest bone graft is presented. The cyst developed unilaterally 8 years following secondary alveolar bone grafting. The cyst, which was lined by a pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium, is believed to be the result of implantation of small particles of nasal epithelium into the bone transplant during the grafting procedure.

C. Lekkas; L. M. H. Smets; F. van Hoeken

2001-01-01

8

Aneurysmal bone cyst and other nonneoplastic conditions  

SciTech Connect

Aneurysmal bone cyst is a benign proliferative tumefaction of bone. Histologic similarities indicate a kinship among classic aneurysmal bone cysts, essentially 'solid' proliferative lesions in bones; giant cell reparative granulomas of the jaws, at the base of the skull, and in the small bones of the hands and feet; skeletal lesions of hyperparathyroidism; and even pseudosarcomatous myositis ossificans, proliferative myositis, and proliferative fasciitis.

Dahlin, D.C.; McLeod, R.A.

1982-08-01

9

Relationship of Simple Renal Cyst to Hypertension  

PubMed Central

Background Simple renal cyst is the most common cystic deformation found in adults. However, there were a few systematic Korean reports for the clinical symptoms and complications of simple renal cysts. The author's purpose was to determine the relationship between simple renal cysts diagnosed by abdominal ultrasonography and hypertension. Methods Among 13,482 persons who took a routine physical examination at Ulsan University Hospital in 2002, 5,127 persons who took medical examinations again in 2010 were selected. We excluded persons who had renal cyst, hypertension, diabetes, liver cirrhosis, kidney disease, thyroid disease, and cancer in 2002. Analysis was conducted for 505 subjects with newly diagnosed simple renal cyst and 2,744 subjects without renal cyst in 2010. The simple renal cyst group was compared to a control group without renal cyst. Results Among 3,249 subjects, simple renal cyst and hypertension were newly diagnosed in 505 subjects and 503 subjects. The subjects who had simple renal cysts had significantly higher hypertension incidence (odds ratio [OR], 1.53; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.20 to 1.94). Significant hypertension incidence was observed especially when the subjects had cysts located on both kidneys (OR, 3.48; 95% CI, 2.12 to 5.71), two (OR, 3.08; 95% CI, 1.84 to 5.15) or more cysts (OR, 3.12; 95% CI, 1.38 to 7.04), and larger cysts more than 1 cm in diameter (OR, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.16 to 2.07). Conclusion The presence of simple renal cysts was significantly positively related to the incidence of hypertension. Bilateral distribution, two or more number, and larger size than 1 cm diameter were the characteristics of simple renal cyst related to hypertension. PMID:25309704

Kim, Su-Mi; Oh, Myoung-Soon; Kwon, Sung-Gul; Bae, Sung-Jin

2014-01-01

10

Treatment of aneurysmal bone cysts with saucerization and bone marrow injection in children.  

PubMed

In four consecutive children, healing of large, active aneurysmal cysts of the long bones was achieved with saucerization, closure of the periosteum, and instillation of autologous bone marrow into the cavity. The saucerization procedure consisted of excision of the subperiosteal new bone with its attached cyst contents and curettage of the remaining cortical bone. A centripetal pattern of bone healing was observed in which an ossification front advanced from the periphery to the center of the cavity. We conclude that autologous bone marrow injections are a simple means of augmenting the healing of aneurysmal cysts of long bones treated with saucerization. The procedure avoids the morbidity and costs associated with alternative methods of bone grafting. PMID:10413010

Hemmadi, S S; Cole, W G

1999-01-01

11

Unicameral bone cyst of the lunate in an adult: case report  

PubMed Central

We report a case of a symptomatic unicameral (simple) bone cyst of the lunate in a 42-year- old woman. The lesion was treated with curettage and cancellous autogenous iliac bone grafting. At five years of follow-up the wrist was pain free, there were no limitations of motion, and the radiographs showed complete obliteration of the cavity. To the best of our knowledge, no other unicameral bone cyst of the lunate has been reported in an adult. Cysts with significant cavities at the carpal bones in an adult should be approached cautiously, as they may require early curettage and bone grafting for healing, before collapse and degenerative changes occur. PMID:21034505

2010-01-01

12

Modern concepts of primary aneurysmal bone cyst  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  Despite the long experience of radiologists, pathologists and orthopaedists with aneurysmal bone cysts (ABC), there is limited\\u000a knowledge regarding the cause of the lesion and the optimal treatment. The pathogenesis of ABC remains unclear with theories\\u000a ranging from a post-traumatic, reactive vascular malformation to genetically predisposed bone tumours. Recent genetic and\\u000a immunohistochemical studies proposed that primary ABC is a tumour

Jérôme Cottalorda; Sophie Bourelle

2007-01-01

13

Bone cysts in sarcoidosis: what is their clinical significance?  

PubMed

The incidence of bone cysts in sarcoidosis, a multisystemic disease, varies in different series, and these cysts are generally asymptomatic. We evaluated bone cysts in 516 sarcoidosis patients with available hand X-rays and in 200 patients with foot X-rays. Bone cysts were present in 21 cases (19 females, two males). The cysts were localized in phalanges of the hand in all cases, in feet in five cases, and in nasal bone in one. Six patients with bone cysts also had lupus pernio. Among those with cystic bone lesions, females were more frequent; extrapulmonary and skin involvement and lupus pernio were significantly more common. We diagnosed cystic bone lesions in 3.6% of our sarcoidosis patients and conclude that cysts were more frequent in females and in patients with lupus pernio. PMID:12928974

Yanarda?, Halil; Pamuk, Omer Nuri

2004-09-01

14

Aspiration and tetracycline sclerotherapy for management of simple ovarian cysts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the procedure of aspiration and tetracycline sclerotherapy in the management of simple ovarian cysts. Methods: Twenty-five cases of simple ovarian cysts were subjected to cyst fluid aspiration and 5% tetracycline injection under ultrasound guidance. Cytological examination of the aspirated fluid was carried out in 24 cases and the patients were followed for 6–36 months. Results: Cytology revealed

S. AbdRabbo; A. Atta

1995-01-01

15

Laparoscopic Deroofing of Large Renal Simple Cysts Causing Gastric Symptoms  

PubMed Central

Widespread use of ultrasonography and computerized tomography of the abdomen result in the detection of a large number of renal mass lesions. Most of these are simple renal cysts, which do not need any further evaluation or follow up unless symptomatic. Simple renal cysts can be diagnosed with certainty if the treating physician or surgeon is aware of these features and can avoid unnecessary urology referral, patient anxiety, inconvenience and expense. Symptomatic cysts and complex renal cysts need further evaluation and intervention. We present the case of large symptomatic renal cysts persisting after aspiration sclerotherapy, which were managed by deroofing the cyst laparoscopically. Laparoscopic deroofing is rapidly becoming accepted as the surgical intervention of choice for symptomatic renal cysts persisting after aspiration sclerotherapy. PMID:21748096

Mathew, Josephkunju; Al-Marhoon, Mohammed; Machado, Norman; William, Ranjan; Rahman, Khalid

2007-01-01

16

[Sacral metastasis simulating aneurysmal bone cyst].  

PubMed

Cystic spinal lesions with characteristic patterns, such as the presence of haematic fluid-fluid levels (H-FFL), have been associated with many tumoral lineages, more frequently with aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) and exceptionally with metastasis. We present the case of a 60-year-old man with the finding of a sacral cystic bone lesion with H-FFL, with initial suspicion of ABC and confirmed diagnosis of metastasis. The case presented is, to our knowledge, the second case published of spinal cystic bone metastasis with H-FFL pattern with unknown primary tumour at the time of diagnosis and the only one that received resective surgical treatment, achieving pulmonary and metastatic disease control with good quality of life after 1 year of follow up. PMID:23731559

Sanromán-Álvarez, Pablo; Simal-Julián, Juan Antonio; Miranda-Lloret, Pablo; Pérez-Borredá, Pedro; Botella-Asunción, Carlos

2014-01-01

17

[Atlas fracture due to aneurysmal bone cyst after minor trauma].  

PubMed

Aneurysmal bone cysts predominantly occur in young adults and the long bones, the lumbar spine and the pelvis are mainly affected. This article presents the case of a 22-year-old woman with the very rare localization of an aneurysmal bone cyst of the atlas and an atlas fracture after a minor trauma. The initial radiological diagnosis was a suspicted aneurysmal bone cyst which was confirmed histologically. Due to the unstable fracture it was decided to carry out surgical treatment with occipitocervical stabilization in combination with a transoral bone graft. After a period of 11 months the fracture had completely healed and the implants were removed without any complications. PMID:23887801

Topp, T; Krüger, A; Zettl, R; Figiel, J; Ruchholtz, S; Frangen, T M

2014-05-01

18

The management of simple hepatic cysts: sclerotherapy or laparoscopic fenestration.  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Prior to the era of laparoscopic surgery, open surgical deroofing was considered to be the most appropriate therapy for uncomplicated simple hepatic cysts. Recently, there have been a number of reports of successful laparoscopic fenestration of simple hepatic cysts. Simple aspiration of these cysts is associated with a high recurrence rate. Cyst sclerosis with alcohol and, more recently, minocycline hydrochloride have been found to be effective in their management. So far there have been no trials comparing laparoscopic deroofing with sclerotherapy. A lack of consensus in their management results in considerable confusion and difficulty in deciding the optimum form of therapy. METHODS: A systematic review of articles on the subject appearing in journals in the English language was conducted using the Medline database and by cross-referencing. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Both laparoscopic deroofing and cyst sclerosis have been found to be effective in partial or complete obliteration of the cyst and in the relief of symptoms produced by the cyst. It is essential to rule out cystadenoma, malignancy, biliary communication and infection prior to treating these cysts. Alcohol/minocycline based sclerotherapy has the advantage of being associated with a lower incidence of complications. Surgery is indicated if it is difficult to rule out the above mentioned conditions, in the presence of biliary communication, in those cysts where sclerosis has been ineffective and in cases of recurrence. The choice between open and laparoscopic surgery depends on the location of the cysts within the liver parenchyma. PMID:11777137

Moorthy, K.; Mihssin, N.; Houghton, P. W.

2001-01-01

19

Intracystic hemorrhage of a large simple hepatic cyst.  

PubMed

Spontaneous intracystic hemorrhage rarely occurs in nonparasitic hepatic cysts. We describe a patient with spontaneous intracystic hemorrhage of a large simple hepatic cyst that mimicked a malignancy. A 59-year-old man presented with right abdominal discomfort. The patient's medical history included a simple hepatic cyst that had been detected 7 years earlier but was left untreated. Three weeks before presentation, right upper abdominal pain occurred but resolved spontaneously. The serum CA19-9 concentration was 48.3 U/mL (normal<37 U/mL). Ultrasonography revealed a large cystic mass, containing many hyperechoic structures and occupying nearly the entire right hepatic lobe. Computed tomography demonstrated a homogenous low-density area, 20 cm in diameter, in the right hepatic lobe. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a heterogeneous hypointense lesion measuring 20 cm in diameter. The lesions showed linear hyperintense areas on T1-weighted sequences and mosaic heterogeneous hyperintensity on T2-weighted sequences. We suspected a hemorrhagic simple hepatic cyst, hydatid cyst, or hemorrhagic cystadenocarcinoma. Right hepatectomy was performed, and the enlarged right lobe was removed. The mass was soft, sponge-like, and contained fluid, but was not elevated. Pathologic examination of the surgical specimen confirmed the presence of a hemorrhagic benign hepatic cyst. PMID:19023172

Takahashi, Goro; Yoshida, Hiroshi; Mamada, Yoshihiro; Taniai, Nobuhiko; Bando, Koichi; Tajiri, Takashi

2008-10-01

20

[Cyst, endometriosis, borderline tumor, CUP : diagnostic stations of a supposedly simple renal cyst].  

PubMed

Symptomatic renal cysts are not uncommon and can be treated by puncture, sclerotherapy, or laparoscopic fenestration. We report the case of a female patient in whom the diagnosis of a supposedly simple symptomatic renal cyst changed over endometriosis and borderline malignancy to a CUP. This case shows that in spite of all diagnostic measures and care the final diagnosis can be a surprise. PMID:20949255

Elert, A; Forst, F; Ihling, C; Schneider, A

2010-12-01

21

Aneurysmal Bone Cyst of the Calcaneus  

PubMed Central

Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) are benign, non-neoplastic, expansile, vascular, locally destructive lesions. The lesion may arise de novo (65%) or secondarily (35%) in pre-existing benign or malignant lesions (giant cell tumor, osteoblastoma, chondroblastoma, angioma, and others). The calcaneus is a rare localization for ABC, comprising only 1.6% of the cases. In this paper, we present a case of a female patient with a 3-month history of heel pain that got worse and was accompanied by swelling and difficulty in walking. The magnetic resonance images of the postero-lateral calcaneus showed a contrast-enhanced cystic lesion located in the medullary cavity; exophytic portion of the tumor extended into the soft tissue causing distinctive cortical thinning. Heterogeneous hyperintense septae formations and blood level components were also detected. After correlation with pathology results, the lesion was diagnosed as an ABC. Since an ABC of the calcaneus is a rarely seen phenomenon, we present the radiologic findings in this case and a review of the literature.

Kaplanoglu, Veysel; Ciliz, Deniz Sozmen; Kaplanoglu, Hatice; Elverici, Eda

2014-01-01

22

Relationship between dorsal ganglion cysts of the wrist and intraosseous ganglion cysts of the carpal bones.  

PubMed

Soft tissue ganglion cysts are the most common benign tumours of the wrist; their pathogenesis remains controversial. We prospectively screened the radiographic appearance of the wrists of 51 patients presenting to a single surgeon with dorsal wrist ganglions during a one-year period. Postero-anterior and lateral radiographs were systematically performed looking for possible associated intraosseous ganglion cysts. There were 51 dorsal soft tissue ganglion cysts in 51 patients. We detected 29 associated intraosseous ganglia in 24 patients (47%): 16 ganglia in the lunate bone (55%), 5 in the capitate bone, 7 in the scaphoid and 1 in the trapezoid. Mean size of the intraosseous ganglia was 3 mm (range, 2 to 5 mm). This high prevalence of intraosseous ganglia in association with soft tissue ganglia has to our knowledge never been reported previously. A common aetiology for these two types of ganglion cysts may explain this high association rate. PMID:16305077

Van den Dungen, Sophie; Marchesi, Simona; Ezzedine, Rabih; Bindou, David; Lorea, Patrick

2005-10-01

23

Filling of a sacral bone defect from a perineurial cyst by cementation.  

PubMed

In this study we present a case of Tarlov's cyst that is treated operatively. The operation involved partial excision and oversewing of the cyst wall with connection to the dural sac and methylmethacrylate filling of the sacral bone defect that is formed by the cyst to prevent cyst recurrence. In symptomatic cases Tarlov's cyst can be treated operatively with a favorable outcome. PMID:12468982

Yucesoy, Kemal; Ozer, Ercan; Koyuncuoglu, Meral; Alici, Emin

2002-12-01

24

Arthroscopic bone grafting of talar bone cyst using posterior ankle arthroscopy.  

PubMed

A subchondral cyst of the talus frequently occurs with an osteochondral lesion of the talar dome. Debridement, curettage, and bone grafting through the articular defect was frequently the recommended treatment in reported studies for a massive cyst. We report a case of a massive cyst of the talar body with a small osteochondral lesion of the talar dome. Our patient was successfully treated by curettage and bone grafting of the cyst using posterior ankle arthroscopy, with minimal disruption of the articular surface of the talar dome. PMID:23643665

Lui, Tun Hing

2013-01-01

25

Complications arising in simple and polycystic liver cysts  

PubMed Central

Liver cysts are common, affecting 5%-10% of the population. Most are asymptomatic, however 5% of patients develop symptoms, sometimes due to complications and will require intervention. There is no consensus on their management because complications are so uncommon. The aim of this study was to perform a collected review of how a series of complications were managed at our institutions. Six different patients presenting with rare complications of liver cysts were obtained from Hepatobiliary Units in the United Kingdom and The Netherlands. History and radiological imaging were obtained from case notes and computerised radiology. As a result, 1 patient admitted with inferior vena cava obstruction was managed by cyst aspiration and lanreotide; 1 patient with common bile duct obstruction was first managed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and stenting, followed by open fenestration; 1 patient with ruptured cysts and significant medical co-morbidities was managed by percutaneous drainage; 1 patient with portal vein occlusion and varices was managed by open liver resection; 1 patient with infected cysts was treated with intravenous antibiotics and is awaiting liver transplantation. The final patient with a simple liver cyst mimicking a hydatid was managed by open liver resection. In conclusion, complications of cystic liver disease are rare, and we have demonstrated in this series that both operative and non-operative strategies have defined roles in management. The mainstays of treatment are either aspiration/sclerotherapy or, alternatively laparoscopic fenestration. Medical management with somatostatin analogues is a potentially new and exciting treatment option but requires further study. PMID:23355921

Macutkiewicz, Christian; Plastow, Ricci; Chrispijn, Melissa; Filobbos, Rafik; Ammori, Basil A; Sherlock, David J; Drenth, Joost PH; O'Reilly, Derek A

2012-01-01

26

Mandibular Aneurysmal Bone Cyst Associated with Cemento-Ossifying Fibroma – A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Aneurysmal bone cyst is an uncommon bone lesion which rarely occurs in craniofacial region. Among all the cystic lesions occurring in the jaws, aneurysmal bone cyst is infrequent and it more commonly occurs in the mandible. Most of the cases occur in the first two decades of life, with no gender predilection. Here, we are presenting a case of an aneurysmal bone cyst which occurred in the mandible of a twelve year old female patient. PMID:24551739

S.N, Bhavani; Rajesh, A; P, Narendranatha Reddy; Kamal, Firoz

2013-01-01

27

Conservative and radiological management of simple renal cysts: a comprehensive review.  

PubMed

What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Simple renal cysts are a common entity, which may need observation and follow-up or treatment. The study, for the first time, systematically reviews the indications for follow-up or radiological treatment of simple renal cysts. To review the conservative and radiological management of simple renal cysts a systematic literature review was performed. Simple renal cysts are commonly found in the adult population. Increasing age is highly associated with its incidence. When they remain asymptomatic they require neither treatment nor follow-up. When the shape of the cyst is slightly irregular follow-up is mandatory to exclude malignant progression. Symptomatic cysts require intervention. Ultrasound or computed tomography guidance have been effectively used for cyst puncture. However, simple fluid aspiration is ineffective leading to cyst recurrence. Aspiration should be accompanied with the injection of a sclerosing agent to destroy renal cyst epithelium. Several issues such as the ultimate technique and agent remain to be clarified. High rates of cyst disappearance and long-lasting cyst volume reduction have been reported with the use of various sclerosants. Ethanol in high concentrations and multiple injections is more commonly used with new agents showing similar efficacy and better complication profile. Studies comparing radiological intervention to surgical excision are lacking. Simple renal cysts may not require treatment when asymptomatic. Radiological intervention with the use of sclerosants needs further evaluation and comparison with other treatment methods. PMID:22414207

Skolarikos, Andreas; Laguna, M Pilar; de la Rosette, Jean J M C H

2012-07-01

28

Successful NBCA embolization of a T2 aneurysmal bone cyst.  

PubMed

Surgically accessible aneurysmal bone cysts (ABC) have traditionally been treated with curettage. Selective arterial embolization was initially proposed as a preoperative adjuvant to reduce peroperative bleeding. Currently, the role of embolization has been extended to the definitive treatment of aneurysmal bone cyst of the spine in children, as well as to other locations in the skeleton. The authors describe the technique in a 15-year-old girl with a T2 aneurysmal bone cyst. Digital subtraction angiography was performed for tumor vascular mapping, followed by selective arterial embolization with N-butyl 2 cyanoacrylate (NBCA). Because of persistent local pain, repeat embolization was done at 8 months. Pain relief and progressive ossification of the lesion were now observed. At 4-year follow-up, the patient was asymptomatic, with complete ossification of the lesion. Selective arterial embolization (SAE) is a minimally invasive, safe and effective procedure for the permanent occlusion of the pathological feeding vessels of spinal ABC. It should be considered as the treatment of choice for lesions difficult to access with surgery, especially in young patients. Careful pre-embolization vascular mapping of the lesion, operator's experience and use of NBCA are the keys to success. PMID:24873097

Mavrogenis, Andreas F; Angelini, Andrea; Rossi, Giuseppe; Rimondi, Eugenio; Guerra, Giovanni; Ruggieri, Pietro

2014-03-01

29

Aneurysmal Bone Cyst of the Petrous Bone: Case Presentation and Review of the Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABC) were originally described by Jaffe and Lichtenstein [Arch Surg 1942;44:1004–1025] in 1942 as nonneoplastic benign lesions with obscure pathogenesis. ABC occurring in the temporal bone are uncommon. Those arising from the petrous portion of the temporal bone are exceedingly rare. We report a right petrous ABC in a 16-year-old girl who presented clinically with hearing loss,

Christina M. Sayama; Joel D. MacDonald

2010-01-01

30

Magnetic resonance imaging of benign bone lesions: cysts and tumors.  

PubMed

A benign bone lesion may have a typical appearance on plain radiographs. This is the case with benign cortical defects and osteochondroma. With most other lesions, cross-sectional imaging is needed to complete the study of the tumor. The nidus of osteoid osteoma is well demonstrated on computed tomography, but magnetic resonance imaging also will show the nidus in most cases. Magnetic resonance imaging is considered the modality of choice for evaluation of other benign musculoskeletal lesions because it is highly sensitive to changes in the signal intensity of bone marrow and adjacent soft tissues. It provides useful information for diagnosis of the lesion as in primary or secondary aneurysmal bone cyst, chondroblastoma, osteoblastoma, fibrous dysplasia, and osteofibrous dysplasia, and it helps differentiate these lesions from osteomyelitis, Langerhans' cell histiocytosis, and stress fracture. Bone scanning is most useful for depicting multiple silent lesions as may be seen in multiple osteochondromatosis, nonossifying fibromas, and polyostotic fibrous dysplasia. PMID:12409690

Azouz, E Michel

2002-08-01

31

The clinical significances of simple renal cyst: Is it related to hypertension or renal dysfunction?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Simple renal cyst has controversy related to hypertension and renal dysfunction. We analyzed the impacts of cyst on hypertension and renal dysfunction, focusing on elimination of the confounding factors. We grouped 436 patients and 436 controls by characteristics of cyst and stratified with clinical parameters among 6603 patients who had routine health check-up in Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam,

H J Chin; H Ro; H J Lee; K Y Na; D-W Chae

2006-01-01

32

Treatment of an aneurysmal bone cyst of the second metatarsal using an endoscopic approach.  

PubMed

An aneurysmal bone cyst is a benign solitary lesion of unknown etiology. A case report is presented of recurrence of an aneurysmal bone cyst in the foot that was treated with endoscopic curettage without bone grafting. Bone remodeling and bone formation were completed in the early stages postsurgically. At 2-year follow-up, the patient is asymptomatic with no radiographic evidence of recurrence. PMID:12194514

Otsuka, Takanobu; Kobayashi, Masaaki; Sekiya, Isato; Yonezawa, Masato; Kamiyama, Fumiaki; Matsushita, Yasusi; Ootani, Masafumi; Matsui, Nobuo

2002-01-01

33

Maxillary aneurysmal bone cyst: report of a rare case.  

PubMed

Everyone likes to see, hear, and know about rare things. An aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is an uncommon non-neoplastic lesion of the bone, mostly affecting long bones and spine. This rare jaw lesion usually affects the mandible but origin from the maxillary anterior region is even rarer. This paper describes a case of an ABC in an 8-year-old female child with a progressively increasing swelling in the right nasomaxillary region developed over a period of 1.5 months. Treatment consisted of the excision and enucleation of the lesion through an intraoral approach under general anesthesia. The higher prevalence in young adulthood has made the role of pedodontists vital in diagnosing ABCs, at the earliest. PMID:21273722

Sheth, M B; Sujan, S G; Poonacha, K S

2010-01-01

34

Aneurysmal bone cyst of maxilla with ectopic molar tooth - a case report.  

PubMed

Aneurysmal cysts of bone are rare non-neoplastic, locally aggressive lesion of bone with propensity for rapid growth, affecting mainly the long bones and spine. It rarely occurs in the head and neck region and within the head and neck mandible (especially the molar areas) is common. Aneurysmal cyst of bone involving the maxilla in the first decade of life is even rarer. We report a case of giant aneurysmal bone cyst of maxilla in eight-year-old male with ectopic molar tooth within the cyst. Is endoscopic excision possible? Endoscopic excision of the cyst was done successfully and no recurrence was noted even after 1 year of follow up. PMID:24238115

Verma, Roshan Kumar; Kumar, Ram; Bal, Amanjeet; Panda, Naresh K

2013-01-01

35

Bone regeneration with plasma-rich-protein following enucleation of traumatic bone cyst  

PubMed Central

Traumatic bone cyst is an uncommon non-epithelium lined cavity and is seen frequently in young individuals. The lesion occurs more commonly in the mandible, involving the posterior region. It is generally asymptomatic and is diagnosed on routine radiographic examination. The cystic cavity is usually empty and there is scanty material for histological examination. Surgical curettage is usually done and recurrence is rare. A case of traumatic bone cyst occurring in the anterior region of mandible in a young boy is presented. Following surgical intervention, plasma-rich-protein was placed in the cystic cavity. The lesion showed progressive resolution and bone regeneration of the cystic cavity within a short period of time. PMID:24926221

Subramaniam, Priya; Kumar, Krishna; Ramakrishna, T.; Bhadranna, Abhishek

2013-01-01

36

Bone cysts in patients with afibrinogenaemia: a literature review and two new cases.  

PubMed

Afibrinogenaemia is an autosomal recessive disease with an estimated prevalence of approximately one in a million. The most common symptoms of afibrinogenaemia are umbilical cord bleeding, bleeding into skin, mouth, muscles, gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts and the central nervous system. Other recognized complications include; haemarthroses, spontaneous splenic rupture, epistaxis, menorrhagia, recurrent abortion and venous and arterial thromboembolism. Bone cysts have also been described as a rare complication of afibrinogenaemia. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic literature review, summarize the reported cases and to report two new cases. Three electronic databases were searched for relevant publications: PubMed, Medline and EMBASE. The following search criteria were used: '(bone cysts OR intraosseous haematoma OR intraosseous haemorrhage) AND (afibrinogenaemia OR fibrinogen deficiency)'. The reference lists of the selected papers were searched for more relevant literature. In total, eight patients had bone cysts as complication of afibrinogenaemia and six of them suffered from pain in their extremities. Bone cysts were primarily located in the vicinity of the cortex or trabeculae in the diaphysis of the long bones, especially in the femora, tibiae and humeri. Some were regressive, probably due to reactive bone remodelling. A number of cysts were filled with serosanguinous fluid. It might be useful to check for bone cysts when patients with congenital afibrinogenaemia complain of 'rheumatic' pains in their extremities. Whole body magnetic resonance imaging is the diagnostic imaging technique of choice. Recurrent episodes of pain, but not radiological deterioration, appear to benefit from prophylactic therapy with fibrinogen concentrate. PMID:24533951

van Meegeren, M E R; de Rooy, J W J; Schreuder, H W B; Brons, P P T

2014-03-01

37

Aneurysmal bone cyst of the ascending ramus mandible. A case report.  

PubMed

We report the clinical course of a 28-year old male patient with a large aneurysmal bone cyst of the ascending ramus of the left mandible. Surgical treatment was performed as radical resection of the ascending ramus of the mandible including the condyle with one-stage reconstruction with a free fibula flap. Aggressive growth, clinical symptoms and a high recurrence rate of aneurysmatic bone cysts were the reason for this surgical treatment. The free fibula flap offers a good quality of cortical bone, which is supposed to be the best choice for reconstruction of the condyle. PMID:23800754

Neuschl, Matthias; Reinert, Siegmar; Gülicher, Dirk; Neuschl, Judith; Hoffmann, Jürgen

2014-04-01

38

Nasal dermoid cyst extending through the frontal bone with no sinus tract in a Dalmatian.  

PubMed

A Dalmatian was presented with a subcutaneous swelling in the dorsal midline between the eyes. No opening in the skin was identified at the dorsal nasal planum and there was no discharge. Positive contrast sinography showed contrast material filling a cyst that extended to the frontal bone. At surgery, the cyst had a tubular shape and was embedded in a fibrous dermal tissue strand running into the bony nasal septum. The nasal dermoid sinus cyst was surgically removed by limited dorsal rhinotomy, followed by excision of the remaining strand from a bony recess in the lamina perpendicularis ethmoidalis. It is proposed that this nasal dermoid cyst that extends through the frontal bone with no sinus tract is classified as a type V subtype c. PMID:21265852

van der Peijl, G J W; Schaeffer, I G F

2011-02-01

39

Efficacy of Single-Session Percutaneous Drainage and 50% Acetic Acid Sclerotherapy for Treatment of Simple Renal Cysts  

SciTech Connect

Purpose. To evaluate the efficacy and long-term results of single-session 50% acetic acid sclerotherapy for the treatment of simple renal cysts, and to compare the therapeutic results of 5 and 20 min sclerosant dwell techniques. Methods. During the past 9 years, 50% acetic acid sclerotherapy was performed on 67 cysts in 66 patients. An acetic acid volume corresponding to a mean of 23% of the aspirated cyst volume was injected into the cysts. A 20 min dwell time with position changes was performed in 32 cysts (31 patients; group I) and 8% of volume for a 5 min dwell time in 35 cysts (35 patients; group II). Three- and 6-month sonographic or CT follow-up was performed for a minimum of 1 year. Complete regression was defined as no remaining cyst measurable on sonography with or without a scar at the renal cortex. Partial regression was defined as a decreased cyst volume compared with that before sclerotherapy. The Mann-Whitney U-test was used to compare the therapeutic results between the two groups. Results. For 67 simple renal cysts, complete regression on follow-up was observed in 21 of 32 cysts (66%; group I) and 22 of 35 cysts (63%; group II); the remaining 24 cysts all showed partial regression. The partial reduction rate of the cyst's volume was 97.4% (91.3-99.4%) in group I and 96.9% (90.8-99.5 %) in group II. There were no procedure-related major complications, and no statistically significant differences in the complete regression and partial volume reduction rates between the two groups (p > 0.05). Conclusion. Fifty percent acetic acid is an effective and safe sclerosing agent for simple renal cysts. Fifty percent acetic acid sclerotherapy with a 5 min sclerosant dwell time, using a volume of about 10% of the aspirated volume, is sufficient for satisfactory results of simple renal cyst sclerotherapy.

Kwon, Se Hwan; Oh, Joo Hyeong [Kyung Hee University Hospital, Department of Diagnostic Radiology (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: ohjh6108@hanmail.net; Seo, Tae-Seok [Korea University Guro Hospital, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of); Park, Ho Chul [Kyung Hee University Hospital, Department of Surgery (Korea, Republic of)

2007-11-15

40

Simple hepatic cyst causing inferior vena cava thrombus  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION Thrombosis of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is governed by Virchow's triad of stasis of blood flow, endothelial damage and hypercoagulability. Causes may be secondary to malignancy, congenital anomalies or other infrequent events such as external compression. We present a case of external compression of the IVC leading to extensive thrombus burden secondary to a benign hepatic cyst. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 72 year old African American female presented to the emergency department with new onset shortness of breath, right lower extremity weakness and swelling. CT imaging demonstrated multiple hepatic cysts compressing the IVC, leading to extensive clot burden. Treatment with heparin drip was initiated without resolution of her symptoms. Transcatheter mechanical thrombectomy and tPA infusion was performed. After 24 h, swelling and weakness were nearly resolved. The patient was bridged to therapeutic low molecular weight heparin in preparation for surgery. DISCUSSION Management of IVC thrombosis has typically been with a heparin drip and transition to oral anticoagulants. Thrombolysis has been shown to promote complete clot lysis more often than compared to standard anticoagulant therapy. In addition, venous patency was better maintained. CONCLUSION We feel that the added benefit of short term effects of improved venous patency and long term benefits of less post thrombotic syndrome, catheter based tPA administration and mechanical thrombectomy for thrombus offers an adjuvant treatment in the setting of large clot burden refractory to standard treatment. PMID:24814982

Musielak, Matthew Christopher; Singh, Ranjodh; Hartman, Elizabeth; Bernstein, Joseph

2014-01-01

41

Aneurysmal Bone Cyst in a Female Collegiate Field Hockey Player: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Objective: To present the case of an intercollegiate field hockey player with an aneurysmal bone cyst of the femur and the clinical decision making necessary in the evaluation, management, surgical intervention, and positive outcome of this athlete. Background: A 21-year-old field hockey player presented with signs and symptoms typical of a deep thigh contusion. She had no history of direct or indirect trauma, infection, or previous injury. Differential Diagnosis: Aneurysm, bone cyst, chondroma, giant cell tumor, osteochondroma, osteosarcoma, osteoid osteoma. Treatment: When her symptoms persisted beyond 6 months despite conservative care, she underwent radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging, and bone scan, which revealed a lesion in the right femur. At surgery, the lesion was diagnosed as an aneurysmal bone cyst, and it was excised by an incisional x-ray-guided biopsy followed by curettage and bone grafting. Uniqueness: The aneurysmal bone cyst presented as a typical thigh strain or deep contusion during the athlete's training and conditioning season. After all forms of conservative management proved ineffective, the athlete was referred to her physician. A detailed history and physical examination demonstrated no underlying musculoskeletal pathology coinciding with the athlete's symptoms. Conclusions: Increased clinical awareness is necessary when conservative management fails to resolve an athletic injury in an appropriate length of time. Proper diagnostic tools are essential in determining the pathology of the injury and whether surgical intervention is needed. ImagesFigure 1.Figure 2.Figure 3. PMID:16558615

Berry, David C.; Barton, Julie; Deivert, Richard G.

2000-01-01

42

Surgical management of the buccal bifurcation cyst: bone grafting as a treatment adjunct to enucleation and curettage.  

PubMed

The buccal bifurcation cyst (BBC) is a rare inflammatory odontogenic cyst of unknown etiology. It typically develops on the buccal aspect of the permanent mandibular first molar and occasionally on the permanent mandibular second molar in children 4 to 14 years old. Distinct clinical findings of the BBC include involvement of a vital partially or fully erupted mandibular first or second molar, swelling in the affected mandibular molar region, delayed or altered eruption pattern of the involved tooth, and an increase in periodontal pocket depth when the affected tooth is partially erupted. Specific radiographic features include a radiolucent lesion on the buccal aspect of the tooth involving the roots to a variable extent, tilting of the involved molar so that the root apices are toward the lingual cortical plate, an intact periodontal ligament space and lamina dura, a periosteal reaction on the buccal surface, and an intact inferior border of the mandible. The histopathology of the lesion has been described as similar to a radicular or inflammatory odontogenic cyst. Most of the current literature supports simple enucleation and curettage of the cyst without extraction of the involved tooth as the treatment of choice. This report presents 3 cases of BBCs that were treated with enucleation and curettage without extraction of the involved tooth, in addition to a bone graft placed primarily or secondarily as an adjunctive treatment approach to the current therapies. PMID:25234530

Levarek, Rachel E; Wiltz, Mauricio J; Kelsch, Robert D; Kraut, Richard A

2014-10-01

43

Benign occipital unicameral bone cyst causing lower cranial nerve palsies complicated by iophendylate arachnoiditis  

PubMed Central

A 20 year old girl presented with a history of neck and occipital pain for six weeks, which was found to be due to a unicameral bone cyst of the left occipital condylar region. The differential diagnosis of bone cysts in the skull is discussed. Six months after the operation, the patient again presented with backache due to adhesive arachnoiditis. The latter was believed to have arisen as a result of a combination of spinal infective meningitis and intrathecal ethyl iodophenyl undecylate (iophendylate, Myodil, Pantopaque). The nature of meningeal reactions to iophendylate and the part played by intrathecal corticosteroids in relieving the arachnoiditis in the present case are discussed. Images

Bradley, W. G.; Kalbag, R. M.; Ramani, P. S.; Tomlinson, B. E.

1974-01-01

44

Life-threatening haemoperitoneum secondary to rupture of simple ovarian cyst.  

PubMed

A 30-year-old woman with no significant medical or family history presented with epigastric pain radiating to the right shoulder tip. She had an acute drop of haemoglobin within 6?h of admission. She was found to be actively bleeding from a ruptured simple ovarian cyst with no other pathology found. Bleeding was stopped by diathermy. PMID:25425248

Nyhsen, Christiane; Mahmood, Syed Umair

2014-01-01

45

Gadolinium-DTPA enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of bone cysts in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES--To examine the contents of intraosseous cysts in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) through the signal intensity characteristics on gadolinium-DTPA (Gd-DTPA) enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS--The hand or foot joints of nine patients with the cystic form of RA (where the initial radiological abnormality consisted of intraosseous cysts without erosions) were imaged before and after intravenous administration of Gd-DTPA. A 0.6 unit, T1 weighted spin echo and T2* weighted gradient echo were used to obtain images in at least two perpendicular planes. RESULTS--Most cysts showed a low signal intensity on the non-enhanced T1 weighted (spin echo) images and a high signal intensity on the T2* weighted (gradient echo) images, consistent with a fluid content. No cyst showed an enhancement of signal intensity on the T1 weighted images after intravenous administration of Gd-DTPA, whereas synovium hyperplasia at the site of bony erosions did show an increased signal intensity after Gd-DTPA. Magnetic resonance imaging detected more cysts (as small as 2 mm) than plain films, and the cysts were located truly intraosseously. In six patients no other joint abnormalities were identified by magnetic resonance imaging; the three other patients also showed, after Gd-DTPA administration, an enhanced synovium at the site of bony erosions. CONCLUSIONS--It is suggested that intraosseous bone cysts in patients with RA do not contain hyperaemic synovial proliferation. The bone cysts in patients with the cystic form of RA may be the only joint abnormality. Images PMID:8257207

Gubler, F M; Algra, P R; Maas, M; Dijkstra, P F; Falke, T H

1993-01-01

46

Bone cysts after osteochondral allograft repair of cartilage defects in goats suggest abnormal interaction between subchondral bone and overlying synovial joint tissues.  

PubMed

The efficacy of osteochondral allografts (OCAs) may be affected by osseous support of the articular cartilage, and thus affected by bone healing and remodeling in the OCA and surrounding host. Bone cysts, and their communication pathways, may be present in various locations after OCA insertion and reflect distinct pathogenic mechanisms. Previously, we analyzed the effect of OCA storage (FRESH, 4°C/14d, 4°C/28d, FROZEN) on cartilage quality in fifteen adult goats after 12months in vivo. The objectives of this study were to further analyze OCAs and contralateral non-operated (Non-Op) CONTROLS from the medial femoral condyle to (1) determine the effect of OCA storage on local subchondral bone (ScB) and trabecular bone (TB) structure, (2) characterize the location and structure of bone cysts and channels, and (3) assess the relationship between cartilage and bone properties. (1) Overall bone structure after OCAs was altered compared to Non-Op, with OCA samples displaying bone cysts, ScB channels, and ScB roughening. ScB BV/TV in FROZEN OCAs was lower than Non-Op and other OCAs. TB BV/TV in FRESH, 4°C/14d, and 4°C/28d OCAs did not vary compared to Non-Op, but BS/TV was lower. (2) OCAs contained "basal" cysts, localized to deeper regions, some "subchondral" cysts, localized near the bone-cartilage interface, and some ScB channels. TB surrounding basal cysts exhibited higher BV/TV than Non-Op. (3) Basal cysts occurred (a) in isolation, (b) with subchondral cysts and ScB channels, (c) with ScB channels, or (d) with subchondral cysts, ScB channels, and ScB erosion. Deterioration of cartilage gross morphology was strongly associated with abnormal ?CT bone structure. Evidence of cartilage-bone communication following OCA repair may favor fluid intrusion as a mechanism for subchondral cyst formation, while bone resorption at the graft-host interface without affecting overall bone and cartilage structure may favor bony contusion mechanism for basal cyst formation. These findings suggest that cysts occurring after OCAs may result from aberrant mechanobiology due to (1) altered compartmentalization that normally separates overlying cartilage and subchondral bone, either from distinct ScB channels or more general ScB plate deterioration, and (2) bone resorption at the basal graft-host interface. PMID:23958821

Pallante-Kichura, Andrea L; Cory, Esther; Bugbee, William D; Sah, Robert L

2013-11-01

47

[Spinal cord compression caused by spinal aneurysmal bone cyst (author's transl)].  

PubMed

Spinal aneurysmal bone cyst is sufficiently rare for the authors to report this case with rapid evolution and development of paraplegia. Total removal was achieved, and clinical recovery remained complete six months after operation. The pathogenic, clinical, radiological, histological and therapeutic aspects are briefly reviewed and discussed. PMID:1225017

Steimlé, R; Pageaut, G; Jacquet, G; Gehin, P; Sexe, C B

1975-01-01

48

Expression of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in aneurysmal bone cyst.  

PubMed

The effects of insulin-like growth factor-I on bone tissue and its role in bone development have been extensively investigated, but there is little information on its role in the pathogenesis of aneurysmal bone cyst. Therefore, using the techniques of immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, the authors studied the expression of insulin-like growth factor-I in 19 specimens of aneurysmal bone cyst. Insulin-like growth factor-I or specific mRNA sequences encoding for insulin-like growth factor-I were detectable in all specimens tested and were mainly localized in multinucleate giant cells. In contrast, only insignificant levels of insulin-like growth factor-I expression were detectable in normal human bone tissue. Taken together with the previously reported role of insulin-like growth factor-I in the pathogenesis of giant cell tumor, the findings of this study suggest that insulin-like growth factor-I may play a role in the pathogenesis of aneurysmal bone cyst. PMID:11706070

Leithner, A; Lang, S; Windhager, R; Leithner, K; Karlic, H; Kotz, R; Haas, O A

2001-11-01

49

A comparison of cyst wall curettage and en bloc excision in the treatment of aneurysmal bone cysts  

PubMed Central

Background The recurrence rate after aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) treatment is quite high despite its benign nature. In ABC therapy, curettage is the treatment of choice; en bloc excision results in a lower recurrence rate, but more extensive reconstructive surgery is needed with associated morbidity. The aim of the present study was to compare the outcomes of the two treatment options. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on 26 patients treated for ABCs: 16 by curettage and 10 by en bloc excision. Each lesion was classified according to Enneking and patients were followed up for a mean time of 9.2 years. On follow-up, radiological examination and functional assessment (range of motion, muscle strength) were performed. Recurrence was defined as the presence of an osteolytic lesion, especially one with a tendency to grow. Results On follow-up, the following symptoms were more prevalent in the en bloc excision group compared to the curettage group: pain (en bloc 20% versus curettage 6.25%), limb length differences (en bloc 20% versus curettage 12.5%), reduced range of motion (en bloc 20% versus curettage 6.25%) and muscle strength impairment (en bloc 50% versus curettage 31.2%); however, the differences were not statistically significant (P >0.05). In the curettage group, two cases of postoperative complications and two cases of recurrence were seen, while in the en bloc excision group one case of complications was noted. Conclusions Curettage is a standard procedure in ABC management. En bloc excision is another option, albeit more technically demanding, that may be considered in recurrent lesions with extensive bone destruction or for cysts in an expendable location. PMID:23701661

2013-01-01

50

Spontaneous regression after extensive recurrence of a pediatric cervical spine aneurysmal bone cyst.  

PubMed

Aneurysmal bone cyst is a pseudotumoral lesion. Complete resection prior to selective arterial embolization seems to be the treatment of choice for the more extensive and destructive lesions. In these cases maintaining stability of the cervical spine is critical. This can be very challenging in children and adolescents in whom the axial skeleton is still growing. In this case a young girl presented with a voluminous cervical aneurysmal bone cyst encaging both vertebral arteries and spinal cord. The lesion was treated with aggressive surgical resection, followed by cervical vertebral fusion with instrumentation. After nine months the patient referred no pain and no neurological deficit. MRI scans showed an extensive local recurrence. The family of the young girl refused any other therapy and any other followup. The patients returned to our attention after five years with no pain and neurological deficit. Cervical spine radiographs and MRI scans showed a complete regression of the extensive local recurrence. In the literature, the possibility of spontaneous regression of residual part or local recurrence is reported. The case of this young girl provided the chance to attend a spontaneous regression in an extensive recurrence of aneurismal bone cyst. PMID:24707421

Brembilla, Carlo; Lanterna, Luigi Andrea; Bosisio, Michela; Gritti, Paolo; Risso, Andrea; Signorelli, Antonio; Biroli, Francesco

2014-01-01

51

Spontaneous Regression after Extensive Recurrence of a Pediatric Cervical Spine Aneurysmal Bone Cyst  

PubMed Central

Aneurysmal bone cyst is a pseudotumoral lesion. Complete resection prior to selective arterial embolization seems to be the treatment of choice for the more extensive and destructive lesions. In these cases maintaining stability of the cervical spine is critical. This can be very challenging in children and adolescents in whom the axial skeleton is still growing. In this case a young girl presented with a voluminous cervical aneurysmal bone cyst encaging both vertebral arteries and spinal cord. The lesion was treated with aggressive surgical resection, followed by cervical vertebral fusion with instrumentation. After nine months the patient referred no pain and no neurological deficit. MRI scans showed an extensive local recurrence. The family of the young girl refused any other therapy and any other followup. The patients returned to our attention after five years with no pain and neurological deficit. Cervical spine radiographs and MRI scans showed a complete regression of the extensive local recurrence. In the literature, the possibility of spontaneous regression of residual part or local recurrence is reported. The case of this young girl provided the chance to attend a spontaneous regression in an extensive recurrence of aneurismal bone cyst. PMID:24707421

Lanterna, Luigi Andrea; Bosisio, Michela; Gritti, Paolo; Risso, Andrea; Signorelli, Antonio; Biroli, Francesco

2014-01-01

52

Aneurysmal bone cyst of the maxilla: case report and review of the literature.  

PubMed

Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is a rare benign lesion of the head and neck. A case of an ABC in a 12-year-old female is presented, the twentieth reported such case in the maxilla. Literature review shows ABC are common in the long bones; only 2% are in the head and neck. Of the 77 lesions in the head and neck found in the literature, 31 (40%) are in the mandible, 20 (26%) are in the maxilla (including this case) and the remainder mainly in the skull. Current recommended treatment is curettage with enucleation first if technically possible. PMID:8436468

Matt, B H

1993-01-01

53

Intraspinal dural-based primary osteoblastoma with aneurysmal bone cyst-like change.  

PubMed

Osteoblastoma is a benign bone-forming neoplasm that occurs commonly in the posterior elements of the spine and the sacrum. However, so far there has been no report of intradural osteoblastoma described in the literature. We present a unique case of intraspinal dural-based osteoblastoma with aneurysmal bone cyst-like change without evidence of vertebral involvement. An 11-year-old Chinese girl presented with a 3-month history of gradually progressive back pain and a weakness of both lower limbs. Thoracic MRI revealed a well-demarcated subdural mass at the T5 level with heterogeneous enhancement. Histologically, the tumor was found to be attached to the dura and composed of numerous osteoid spicules and trabecular bone with diffusely scattered osteoclast-type, multinucleated giant cells. Ectactic blood vessels and blood-filled cystic spaces were also observed. A diagnosis of primary intraspinal dural-based osteoblastoma with aneurysmal bone cyst-like change was made. To our best knowledge, this is possibly the first case of primary osteoblastoma arising from meninges. Meningeal osteocartilaginous tumors are rare, with obscure histogenesis. The differential diagnosis of osteoblastoma in unusual locations is difficult and the confirmation of diagnosis should be cautiously made. Awareness of dural-based osteoblastoma and its histological features is important to avoid a diagnostic pitfall caused by histological similarities to other intra-craniospinal lesions with osteoid differentiation or bone formation. PMID:24984761

Fu, Xinge; Jiang, Juhong; Luo, Bo-Ning; Tian, Xiao-Ying; Li, Zhi

2014-10-01

54

Aneurysmal Bone Cyst of the Orbit : A Case Report with Literature Review  

PubMed Central

Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is benign vascular lesion destructing the cortical bone by the expansion of the vascular channel in the diploic space that usually involve long bone and spine. Orbital ABC is rare and the clinical symptoms deteriorate rapidly after initial slow-progression period for a few months. A 12-year-old female patient visited ophthalmologist due to proptosis and upward gaze limitation of the right eye, and orbital mass was noted in the upper part of right eye on orbital MRI. Five months later, exophthalmos was worsened rapidly with other features of ophthalmoplegia. Orbital mass was enlarged on MRI with intracranial extension. Surgery was done through frontal craniotomy and intracranial portion of the tumor was removed. Destructed orbital roof and mass in the orbit was also removed, and surrounding bone which was suspected to have lesion was resected as much as possible. Histopathological diagnosis was aneurysmal bone cyst. Postoperative course was satisfactory and the patient's eye symptoms improved. Authors report a rare case of orbital ABC with review of the literature. Exact diagnosis by imaging studies is important and it is recommended to perform surgical resection before rapid-progressing period and to resect the mass completely to prevent recurrence. PMID:22500206

Yu, Jae Won; Kim, Su Jin; Choi, Sunseob

2012-01-01

55

Combined anterior and posterior resection and spinal stabilization for aneurysmal bone cyst.  

PubMed

We report on a 19-year-old man with a 6-month history of pain and stiffness in the upper cervical region who proved to have a lytic lesion affecting the anterior and posterior elements of C2-4, causing a severe gibbous deformity at C3. The tumour was excised through a posterior approach, and spinal fusion with instrumentation was performed. Two weeks later, through a right-sided, anteromedial approach, the remaining tumour was excised, and the spine was reconstructed with tricortical iliac bone as a strut graft. The patient was placed in a Minerva jacket for 3 months, during which time a solid fusion was obtained. The histological diagnosis was aneurysmal bone cyst. The patient has remained pain free and suffered no recurrence 2 and a half years after surgery. Involvement of several adjacent cervical vertebrae by an aneurysmal bone cyst is rare, and conventional treatment with curettage and bone grafting is most likely to carry a high rate of recurrence and spinal instability. We recommend complete excision of the tumour in a combined staged procedure and instrumentation to prevent recurrence and avoid instability. PMID:7600150

Mehdian, H; Weatherley, C

1995-01-01

56

Giant petroclival endodermal cyst with xanthogranulomatous changes.  

PubMed

Endodermal cyst is a rare developmental cyst of the CNS, such as a Rathke cleft and colloid cyst lined by columnar epithelium of presumed endodermal origin. Intracranial endodermal cysts are rare, and most are found in the posterior fossa. The authors report a case of petroclival endodermal cyst with extensive bone destruction. A 12-year-old boy presented with transient facial weakness and headache. Imaging revealed a 3 × 3 × 4-cm, partial rim, enhanced cystic lesion in the petroclival area that was isointense on T1-weighted imaging and hyperintense in T2-weighted imaging. The cyst wall was partially removed and the cyst was obliterated using a lateral approach. Histological examination revealed ciliated, simple-to-pseudostratified cuboidal epithelium with a basement membrane that was consistent with an endodermal cyst, with the rare finding of xanthogranulomatous changes. PMID:23848288

Choi, Ji Eun; Seol, Ho Jun; Cho, Yang-Sun

2013-09-01

57

Juvenile psammomatoid ossifying fibroma with aneurysmal bone cyst in the posterior mandible  

PubMed Central

Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) are a rare benign lesion seen as locally destructive, rapidly expansile, and mostly affecting the long bones and vertebrae. The association of ABCs with juvenile psammomatoid ossifying fibroma (PsJOF) is predominantly seen in the extragnathic region, and it is extremely rare with only a few cases reported so far in the mandible. Here, we report one such case of a hybrid lesion in a seven-year-old boy, who presented with a solitary swelling of the left mandible showing partial obliteration of buccal vestibular sulcus, which shows juvenile psammomatoid ossifying fibroma as a pre-exsiting lesion, transforming into an ABC. Such hybrid lesions are usually misdiagnosed and have been sparsely reported in the dental literature. PMID:25374619

Tamgadge, Sandhya; Avinash, Tamgadge; Bhalerao, Sudhir; Rajhans, Sonali

2014-01-01

58

Simple Signaling Molecules for Inductive Bone Regenerative Engineering  

PubMed Central

With greater than 500,000 orthopaedic procedures performed in the United States each year requiring a bone graft, the development of novel graft materials is necessary. We report that some porous polymer/ceramic composite scaffolds possess intrinsic osteoinductivity as shown through their capacity to induce in vivo host osteoid mineralization and in vitro stem cell osteogenesis making them attractive synthetic bone graft substitutes. It was discovered that certain low crystallinity ceramics partially dissociate into simple signaling molecules (i.e., calcium and phosphate ions) that induce stem cells to endogenously produce their own osteoinductive proteins. Review of the literature has uncovered a variety of simple signaling molecules (i.e., gases, ions, and redox reagents) capable of inducing other desirable stem cell differentiation through endogenous growth factor production. Inductive simple signaling molecules, which we have termed inducerons, represent a paradigm shift in the field of regenerative engineering where they can be utilized in place of recombinant protein growth factors. PMID:25019622

Nelson, Stephen J.; Deng, Meng; Sethuraman, Swaminathan; Doty, Stephen B.; Lo, Kevin W. H.; Khan, Yusuf M.; Laurencin, Cato T.

2014-01-01

59

Elastic Stable Intramedullary Nailing (ESIN), Orthoss® and Gravitational Platelet Separation - System (GPS®): An effective method of treatment for pathologic fractures of bone cysts in children  

PubMed Central

Background The different treatment strategies for bone cysts in children are often associated with persistence and high recurrence rates of the lesions. The safety and clinical outcomes of a combined mechanical and biological treatment with elastic intramedullary nailing, artificial bone substitute and autologous platelet rich plasma are evaluated. Methods From 02/07 to 01/09 we offered all children with bone cysts the treatment combination of elastic intramedullary nailing (ESIN), artificial bone substitute (Orthoss®) and autologous platelet rich plasma, concentrated by the Gravitational Platelet Separation (GPS®) - System. All patients were reviewed radiologically for one year following the removal of the intramedullary nailing, which was possible because of cyst obliteration. Results A cohort of 12 children (4 girls, 8 boys) was recruited. The mean patient age was 11.4 years (range 7-15 years). The bone defects (ten humeral, two femoral) included eight juvenile and four aneurysmal bone cysts. Five patients suffered from persistent cysts following earlier unsuccessful treatment of humeral bone cyst after pathologic fracture; the other seven presented with acute pathologic fractures. No peri- or postoperative complications occurred. The radiographic findings showed a total resolution of the cysts in ten cases (Capanna Grade 1); in two cases a small residual cyst remained (Capanna Grade 2). The intramedullary nails were removed six to twelve months (mean 7.7) after the operation; in one case, a fourteen year old boy (Capanna Grade 2), required a further application of GPS® and Orthoss® to reach a total resolution of the cyst. At follow-up (20-41 months, mean 31.8 months) all patients showed very good functional results and had returned to sporting activity. No refracture occurred, no further procedure was necessary. Conclusions The combination of elastic intramedullary nailing, artificial bone substitute and autologous platelet rich plasma (GPS®) enhances the treatment of bone cysts in children, with no resulting complications. PMID:21314981

2011-01-01

60

Destructive osteoblastoma with secondary aneurysmal bone cyst of cervical vertebra in an 11-year-old boy: case report  

PubMed Central

Study Design: A case report and review of previous literature are presented. Objective and Background: The objective of this manuscript was to report a case of destructive osteoblastoma with secondary aneurysmal bone cyst of cervical vertebra in a child, and discuss the pathogenesis of this disease. The combination of osteoblastoma and aneurysmal bone cyst in the cervical spine is rare in primary bone neoplasm. To the authors’ knowledge, only one case in a child has been reported. Method: Plain X-rays, technetium bone scanning, CT scan and MRI indicated an expansile, partially sclerotic lesion of the C4 involving the body of vertebra and appendix. The lesion was excised through anterior and posterior approach. Results: After operation the tumor was removed completely. There has been no sign of tumor recurrence or clinical or radiologic sign of instability in the follow-up investigations. Conclusions: We report a rare case of destructive osteoblastoma with Secondary aneurysmal bone cyst of cervical vertebra in a child, a full investigation indicated that complete resection of the tumor can prevent recurrence and malignant transformation. Long-term follow-up is needed to declare a lifelong cure of the disease. PMID:24482719

Hu, Hongtao; Wu, Jianxin; Ren, Liang; Sun, Xianze; Li, Feng; Ye, Xiaojian

2014-01-01

61

A Giant Simple Liver Cyst That Caused Increases in Serum CA 19-9 and CA 15-3 Levels.  

PubMed

Simple cysts (SCs) of the liver are not associated with the biliary malformations in intrahepatic bile duct biliary. Seen in 0.1% to 7% of adult population, biliary malformations are more common in women. The levels of glycoprotein-like tumor markers (carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9) in the cysts and serum could be high. Although studies regarding CA 19-9 exist, sufficient data on cancer antigen (CA) 15-3 are not available. This case is about a 76-year-old woman who complained of painless intra-abdominal mass. The patient with a giant simple cyst extending from the gallbladder to the pelvis had preoparative CA 19-9 and CA 15-3 serum levels of 87.3 IU/L and 37 IU/L respectively. It was observed that CA 19-9 levels had decreased to 36 IU/L and CA 15-3 to 28.1 IU/L in blood samples taken in the third month after the surgery. There is a need for comprehensive studies to investigate the relationship between the size of the cyst and biomarkers (including markers such as CA 15-3) in the assesment of liver SC. PMID:25247025

Dinc, Bulent; Mesci, Ayhan; Dinc, Selcan Enver; Oskay, Alten

2014-12-01

62

A Giant Simple Liver Cyst That Caused Increases in Serum CA 19-9 and CA 15-3 Levels  

PubMed Central

Simple cysts (SCs) of the liver are not associated with the biliary malformations in intrahepatic bile duct biliary. Seen in 0.1% to 7% of adult population, biliary malformations are more common in women. The levels of glycoprotein-like tumor markers (carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9) in the cysts and serum could be high. Although studies regarding CA 19-9 exist, sufficient data on cancer antigen (CA) 15-3 are not available. This case is about a 76-year-old woman who complained of painless intra-abdominal mass. The patient with a giant simple cyst extending from the gallbladder to the pelvis had preoparative CA 19-9 and CA 15-3 serum levels of 87.3 IU/L and 37 IU/L respectively. It was observed that CA 19-9 levels had decreased to 36 IU/L and CA 15-3 to 28.1 IU/L in blood samples taken in the third month after the surgery. There is a need for comprehensive studies to investigate the relationship between the size of the cyst and biomarkers (including markers such as CA 15-3) in the assesment of liver SC.

Dinc, Bulent; Mesci, Ayhan; Dinc, Selcan Enver; Oskay, Alten

2014-01-01

63

Intraosseous ganglion cyst of the capitate treated by intralesional curettage, autogenous bone marrow graft and autogenous fibrin clot graft.  

PubMed

We report a very rare case of intraosseous ganglion cyst of the capitate in a 54-year-old female who complained of a painful right wrist mass for 1 year. Computed tomography study showed an expansile osteolytic lesion with sclerotic margin and thinning of the cortex. Combined soft tissue ganglion cyst was also noted at operation and confirmed by pathologic study. The case was treated by a new method of autogenous bone marrow and fibrin clot graft after intralesional curettage. After a 2-year follow-up, the capitate revealed complete bony union and the symptoms were relieved with good functional results. PMID:17525002

Chen, Ying-Chieh; Wang, Shyu-Jye; Shen, Pei-Hung; Huang, Guo-Shu; Lee, Herng-Sheng; Wu, Shing-Sheng

2007-05-01

64

Response of an aggressive periosteal aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) of the radius to denosumab therapy  

PubMed Central

Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC), once considered a reactive lesion, has been proven to be a neoplasia characterized by rearrangements of the USP6-gene. Aggressive local growth and recurrences are common and therapeutic options may be limited due to the vicinity of crucial structures. We describe a case of a locally aggressive, multinucleated giant cell-containing lesion of the forearm of a 21-year old woman, treated with denosumab for recurrent, surgically uncontrollable disease. Under the influence of this RANKL inhibitor, the tumor showed a marked reduction of the content of the osteoclastic giant cells and an extensive metaplastic osteoid production leading to the bony containment, mostly located intracortically in the proximal radius. The diagnosis of a periosteal ABC was confirmed by FISH demonstrating USP6 gene rearrangement on the initial biopsy. Function conserving surgery could be performed, enabling reconstruction of the affected bone. Inhibition of RANKL with denosumab may offer therapeutic option for patients not only with giant cell tumors but also with ABCs. PMID:24438319

2014-01-01

65

Fibrohistiocytoma combined with an aneurysmal bone cyst at T7 in a 63-year-old woman  

PubMed Central

We present a case of spinal tumor, with fibrohistiocytoma combined with aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) at the pedicle and transverse process of T7 in a 63-year-old female. ABC is a rare skeletal tumor and spinal ABC is extremely rare. Fibrohistiocytoma is a type of primary benign bone tumor. ABC is also a rare bone tumor that most often occurs in the pelvis. The combined lesion of two primary bone benign tumors is relatively rare in clinic. In addition, fibrohistiocytoma and ABC are widely confused with other giant cell containing tumors of the bone. X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) scans were performed and assessed. Finally, the diagnosis was confirmed by pathological tests. The patient underwent surgery and had an extremely good recovery. The correct diagnosis of a spine tumor is important when determining the surgical procedure. PMID:24223633

LI, QI; FU, YISHAN; DONG, YANG; ZENG, BINGFANG; ZHANG, CHANGQING

2013-01-01

66

Demonstration of a geode by magnetic resonance imaging: a new light on the cause of juxta-articular bone cysts in rheumatoid arthritis.  

PubMed

The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of a rheumatoid arthritic geode are presented. Development of such a cyst from before x ray diagnosis to its coalescence with the wrist joint is described. The evidence suggests that these juxta-articular cysts are not merely an intrusion of the synovial cavity into the bone marrow but start as isolated structures beneath the subchondral bone. PMID:2241269

Moore, E A; Jacoby, R K; Ellis, R E; Fry, M E; Pittard, S; Vennart, W

1990-10-01

67

Demonstration of a geode by magnetic resonance imaging: a new light on the cause of juxta-articular bone cysts in rheumatoid arthritis.  

PubMed Central

The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of a rheumatoid arthritic geode are presented. Development of such a cyst from before x ray diagnosis to its coalescence with the wrist joint is described. The evidence suggests that these juxta-articular cysts are not merely an intrusion of the synovial cavity into the bone marrow but start as isolated structures beneath the subchondral bone. Images PMID:2241269

Moore, E A; Jacoby, R K; Ellis, R E; Fry, M E; Pittard, S; Vennart, W

1990-01-01

68

Evaluation of periprosthetic bone cysts in patients with a scandinavian total ankle replacement: weight-bearing conventional digital radiographs versus weight-bearing multiplanar reconstructed fluoroscopic imaging.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE. Periprosthetic bone cysts are a known finding after total ankle replacement (TAR). The significance of cysts is uncertain, but they may threaten the long-term survival of the implant. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of weight-bearing digital radiography compared with 3D weight-bearing multiplanar reconstructed (MPR) fluoroscopic imaging when diagnosing periprosthetic bone cysts in patients who have undergone TAR. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Forty-two consecutive patients with a Scandinavian Total Ankle Replacement (STAR) were consecutively enrolled and underwent digital radiography and 3D MPR imaging in the same session. All 3D MPR images were interpreted in a blinded fashion, specifically with regard to the presence and extent of periprosthetic bone cysts. Cysts were measured in three planes whenever possible. Interrater and intrarater reliability was assessed by using Cohen kappa test, and comparisons between the two modalities were performed with the Wilcoxon signed-rank and McNemar tests. RESULTS. Significantly more cysts were detected on 3D MPR (74 vs 55) (p = 0.03), with the mean size of cysts detected by 3D MPR significantly larger than that of cysts diagnosed on digital radiography (1545 mm(3) vs 253 mm(3)) (p < 0.0001). Statistical analysis based on the presence or absence of cysts in individual patients did not show a significant difference between 3D MPR and digital radiography (p = 0.23). CONCLUSION. The data imply that cysts are better detected and more accurately measured with 3D fluoroscopic MPR imaging compared with digital radiography, which underestimates not only the presence but also the extent of periprosthetic cysts. PMID:25247953

Jensen, Janni; Frøkjær, Johnny; Gerke, Oke; Ludvigsen, Lise; Torfing, Trine

2014-10-01

69

Surgical management of giant multilevel aneurysmal bone cyst of cervical spine in a 10-year-old boy: case report with review of literature  

PubMed Central

Background:?Aneurysmal bone cysts are rare occurrences in the cervical spine. Surgical treatment in pediatric patients is a challenge. Complete tumor resection offers the best chance for cure. Description:?Diagnosis and surgical management of an expansile aneurysmal bone cyst of the cervical spine involving all three spinal columns in a 10-year-old boy. Results:?Surgical treatment included tumor excision and circumferential fusion, and produced no neurological or vascular sequelae. This approach minimizes the risk of recurrence and the possibility of postoperative spinal instability. Conclusion:?Spinal instability is preferably addressed with reconstruction and stabilization. Cervical aneurismal bone cyst lesions are ideally treated with complete resection to minimize the chance of recurrence. In pediatric cases, defects created by resection should be corrected by fusion to minimize the risk of postoperative instability and growth abnormality. PMID:23526912

Gurjar, Hitesh Kumar; Sarkari, Avijit; Chandra, P. Sarat

2012-01-01

70

The comparative study of Yaz and Ovocept-ld on patients with simple ovarian cysts referring to Iran-Isfahan Shariati Hospital  

PubMed Central

Background: Functional ovarian cysts include follicular, corpus luteum, and theca lutein cysts are the most common adnexal masses (about 50%) in women of reproductive age. Treatment with the combined monophasic oral contraceptives reduces functional ovarian cysts. Yaz (drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol) is a low-dose combined oral contraceptive pill containing 20 ?g ethinyl estradiol and 3 mg drospirenone. In addition to contraceptive effects, Yaz has anti-mineralocorticoid and anti-adrenergic effects. Ovocept- low-dose LD is also a low-dose combined oral contraceptive drug containing 30 ?g ethinyl estradiol and 3 mg norgestrol. Ovocept-LD has some side-effects such as weight gain, spotting, breast tenderness, nausea, and headache. Materials and Methods: Being a clinical study, the present research was carried out on 42 patients with the simple ovarian cysts from 2010 to 2012. 84 Patients were assigned to A and B groups. Group A received Yaz once a day for a period of 28 days and group B received Ovocept-LD once a day for a period of 21 days. After treating by Yaz and Ovocept-LD, Cysts were evaluated by ultrasound. Results were analyzed by the SPSS software. A P < 0.05 was considered the significance threshold. Results: Obtained results indicated that both Yaz and Ovocept-LD had an effect on the simple ovarian cysts. Statistical tests, however, has shown that the effect of Yaz has been significantly more than that of Ovocept-LD. Conclusion: Given the faster and better recovery effect, and the lesser side effects of Yaz as compared to Ovocept-LD, it is recommended to use Yaz for the simple ovarian cysts. PMID:25337535

Riahinejad, Soheyla; Pour, Azam Foroughi; Dehghani, Leila; Hajizadeh, Saadat

2014-01-01

71

Giant aneurysmal bone cyst of cervical spine: Surgical management and circumferential spinal fusion in a 13-year-old girl  

PubMed Central

Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) of the cervical spine are rare occurrences accounting for about 2% of all cases. Having a propensity to develop in the pediatric population, it generally involves the posterior elements with occasional extension to the facets and body of one vertebral level. Surgical treatment of high cervical ABC in pediatric patients is challenging. Where as complete tumor resection should be attempted for the best chance for cure, spinal fusion should be added to correct the defects created by resection to minimize the risk of postoperative instability. This paper presents a multi-level giant expansile ABC of the high cervical spine involving all three spinal columns in a 13-year-old girl and discuss the surgical management. Surgical treatment in this patient included complete tumor excision and circumferential fusion in two stages without any neurovascular injury. The safety and efficacy of this method, especially in the pediatric population is discussed in view of pertinent literature.

Mishra, Sudhansu Sekhar; Panigrahi, Souvagya; Das, Deepak

2014-01-01

72

Targeting receptor-activator of nuclear kappaB ligand in aneurysmal bone cysts: verification of target and therapeutic response.  

PubMed

Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is a benign tumor of bone presenting as a cystic, expansile lesion in both the axial and appendicular skeleton. Axial lesions demand special consideration, because treatment-related morbidity can be devastating. In similar lesions, such as giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB), the receptor-activator of nuclear kappaB ligand (RANKL)-receptor-activator of nuclear kappaB (RANK) signaling axis is essential to tumor progression. Although ABC and GCTB are distinct entities, they both contain abundant multinucleated giant cells and are osteolytic characteristically. We hypothesize that ABCs express both RANKL and RANK similarly in a cell-type specific manner, and that targeted RANKL therapy will mitigate ABC tumor progression. Cellular expression of RANKL and RANK was determined in freshly harvested ABC samples using laser confocal microscopy. A consistent cell-type-specific pattern was observed: fibroblastlike stromal cells expressed RANKL strongly whereas monocyte/macrophage precursor and multinucleated giant cells expressed RANK. Relative RANKL expression was determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in ABC and GCTB tissue samples; no difference in relative expression was observed (P > 0.05). In addition, we review the case of a 5-year-old boy with a large, aggressive sacral ABC. After 3 months of targeted RANKL inhibition with denosumab, magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated tumor shrinkage, bone reconstitution, and healing of a pathologic fracture. Ambulation, and bowel and bladder function were restored at 6 months. Denosumab treatment was well tolerated. Post hoc analysis demonstrated strong RANKL expression in the pretreatment tumor sample. These findings demonstrate that RANKL-RANK signal activation is essential to ABC tumor progression. RANKL-targeted therapy may be an effective alternative to surgery in select ABC presentations. PMID:24726460

Pelle, Dominic W; Ringler, Jonathan W; Peacock, Jacqueline D; Kampfschulte, Kevin; Scholten, Donald J; Davis, Mary M; Mitchell, Deanna S; Steensma, Matthew R

2014-08-01

73

Nonsurgical treatment for symptomatic nonparasitic liver cyst.  

PubMed

Liver cysts seldom become symptomatic. For the few requiring intervention, various surgical modalities have been described. Cyst fluid has been removed by simple needle aspiration. Injection of formalin into echinococcus cysts at time of operation is not uncommon. In an analogy to the treatment of kidney cysts, we evacuated a large symptomatic liver cyst by percutaneous drainage and instilled alcohol as a sclerosing agent. This simple procedure may be sufficient treatment for selected symptomatic nonparasitic liver cysts. PMID:3901732

Trinkl, W; Sassaris, M; Hunter, F M

1985-11-01

74

Frequent expression of fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) mRNA in aneurysmal bone cysts and chondromyxoid fibromas.  

PubMed

Osteomalacia has multiple aetiologies including the least common, tumour-induced osteomalacia (TIO). Recently, most cases of TIO have been confirmed to be due to phosphaturic mesenchymal tumour of mixed connective tissue type (PMTMCT). Most cases of TIO are the result of production of the fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) by the tumour. The authors recently showed reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) for FGF-23 to be valuable in the diagnosis of PMTMCT. However, the authors also noted FGF-23 expression in some cases of aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) and chondromyxoid fibroma (CMF). For the present study, the authors studied FGF-23 expression by RT-PCR in 19 cases of ABC and eight cases of CMF, all with typical clinical and radiographic features and without evidence of TIO. Seven of 16 (44%) ABC and two of seven (29%) CMF were positive for FGF-23. These results confirm that ABC and CMF not uncommonly express FGF-23. These results strongly suggest caution and careful integration with all other clinical and radiographic data in the use of FGF-23 RT-PCR for the diagnosis of PMTMCT. PMID:22933546

Graham, Rondell; Krishnamurthy, Smita; Oliveira, Andre; Inwards, Carrie; Folpe, Andrew L

2012-10-01

75

Resection of an upper cervical aneurysmal bone cyst and spinal reconstruction using a midline mandibular osteotomy in a pediatric patient.  

PubMed

The authors report on the surgical management of an extensive lesion of the upper cervical spine that required an uncommon transmandibular approach to facilitate exposure, resection, and stabilization in a pediatric patient. A 6-year-old boy with a large aneurysmal bone cyst of the C-2 vertebra presented with progressive weakness and right-sided neck pain. The lesion extended laterally into the soft tissue of the neck, inferiorly to C-4, and posteriorly around the spinal cord. A transmandibular osteotomy was performed to provide adequate exposure for complete resection of the mass and anterior C1-3 instrumentation and fusion. Subsequently, the patient underwent occiput to C-4 posterior instrumentation and fusion. The patient tolerated the operation well and had regained all function at 3 and 11 months' follow-up. No neurological complications or problems of speech, swallowing, or respiration occurred. Even in pediatric patients, the transmandibular approach for the treatment of upper cervical spine lesions is an effective method of maximizing exposure for complex lesions requiring resection and stabilization. PMID:24702619

McDowell, Michael M; Hanft, Simon J; Greenberg, Sophie A; Rahmati, Rahmatullah; Carrao, Vincent; Eisig, Sidney; Anderson, Richard C E

2014-06-01

76

Results of simple excision technique in the surgical treatment of symptomatic accessory navicular bones  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionAccessory navicular bones might cause not only cosmetic problems but also be a reason of discomfort and pain. In case of inefficient conservative treatment symptomatic accessory naviculars are treated surgically.Aim of paper: Presentation of results of simple excision of symptomatic accessory navicular.

Barbara Jasiewicz; Tomasz Potaczek; Wojciech K?cki; Maciej T?siorowski; Ewa Lipik

2008-01-01

77

Epidermoid cyst of the external auditory canal in children: diagnosis and management.  

PubMed

Epidermoid cyst of the external auditory canal (EAC) is rarely encountered in the clinical practice, but when it occurs, it may cause obstruction of the meatus that necessitates surgical excision. The aims of this study were to present 9 pediatric patients with epidermoid cysts of the EAC and to evaluate the outcome of the surgical technique that has been used in excision. Surgical removal of the cyst was carried out through a simple transmeatal approach, a medially based rectangular skin flap was elevated and the cyst was completely removed. No complications or recurrence have been reported. Epidermoid cyst should be listed in the differential diagnosis of EAC masses; it appears on computed tomography as a cystic mass in the outer cartilaginous part of EAC that is usually limited to the soft tissue with no bone erosion. It can be removed easily through simple transmeatal approach with high success rate and no morbidity. PMID:21772170

Abdel-Aziz, Mosaad

2011-07-01

78

[Parameatal cysts of the penis].  

PubMed

Parameatal cysts of the penis are highly infrequent, benign cysts of varied sizes usually unilateral. Contribution of two cases of parameatal cysts of the penis, one and epidermoid inclusion, allegedly post hypospadias surgery, while the other one is similar to the middle raphe cysts and appears to derive from the endodermal debris following a defective closure of the urogenital folds. Treatment is by surgical excision; simple aspiration or marsupialization may result in relapse and unsatisfactory cosmetic results. PMID:9949581

Peyrí, E; Paga, J; Mira, X; Martínez, M; Sanmartí, B

1998-01-01

79

A simple and rapid staining technique for plastic embedded cartilage and bone.  

PubMed

In this report we describe a simple and rapid staining technique for cartilage and bone embedded in Araldite. Semithin sections of embryonic vertebrae obtained from 15 to 17 day mouse fetuses were stained using an aqueous solution 0.25% with respect to methylene blue, 0.25% with respect to azure A, and 0.5% with respect to Na2 CO3, then counterstained with 1% aqueous pararosaniline chloride (MAP). Results were compared with toluidine blue stained sections. MAP permitted good discrimination of developmental stages of both cells and extracellular matrix within vertebral ossification centers during endochondral ossification. The technique is simple, rapid and applicable to plastic embedded sections, and can be used prior to ultrastructural examination. PMID:7578592

Grill, V; Zweyer, M; Bareggi, R; Martelli, A M; Basa, M; Narducci, P

1995-03-01

80

Percutaneous treatment of hydatid cysts (Echinococcus Granulosus)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new method called PAIR (Puncture-Aspiration of cyst contents—Injection of hypertonic saline solution—Reaspiration) was used\\u000a as a percutaneous treatment of hydatid cysts. In 37 patients, 120 cysts were punctured. All patients had not been considered\\u000a surgical candidates. The cysts were localized in the liver, peritoneum, spleen, kidneys, muscles, and bones. In 70% of patients,\\u000a good results were obtained. Recurrence occurred

Moncef Gargouri; Nejet Ben Amor; Ferid Ben Chehida; Azza Hammou; Hassen A. Gharbi; Mohamed Ben Cheikh; Hefdi Kchouk; Kamel Ayachi; Jean Yves Golvan

1990-01-01

81

Ovarian Cysts  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... an ovary in the female reproductive system. Most women have ovarian cysts sometime during their lives. Fortunately, ... and cause pain. Endometriomas. These cysts develop in women who have endometriosis, when tissue from the lining ...

82

Rathke's cleft cyst.  

PubMed

Rathke's cleft cysts are benign sellar and suprasellar lesions arising from epithelial remnants of Rathke's pouch with a peak incidence at 30-50 years of age. The majority are between 10 and 20mm in diameter and contain mucoid or gelatinous material encapsulated in a thin cyst wall of simple or pseudostratified cuboidal or columnar epithelium. Symptomatic cases are rare, but incidental lesions are found in 11% of unselected postmortem cases. The pathogenesis of these lesions is uncertain, but they may occasionally share histopathologic features with (papillary) craniopharyngiomas. The most common presenting symptoms include headaches, visual disturbance, and pituitary hormone abnormalities. MRI reveals well-demarcated homogenous lesions with variable intensity that is highly dependent on cyst contents, which can range from clear, CSF-like fluid to thick, mucoid material. Treatment is almost invariably surgical with the aim of draining the cyst contents and removing the surrounding capsule. The recurrence rate is uncertain due to a lack of studies with long follow-up periods, but risk factors associated with increased likelihood of recurrence include cyst size, presence of squamous metaplasia of the cyst wall, incomplete resection or intraoperative CSF leak, and the need for an abdominal fat graft or sellar packing. PMID:25248592

Larkin, Sarah; Karavitaki, Niki; Ansorge, Olaf

2014-01-01

83

Inter-observer reproducibility of diagnosis of diabetic foot osteomyelitis based on a combination of probe-to-bone test and simple radiography.  

PubMed

Probe-to-bone test and simple X-rays are both standard tests for the diagnosis of diabetic foot osteomyelitis. This study demonstrates the importance of considering jointly clinical information (probe-to-bone test) and diagnostic tests (simple radiography) to increase agreement among clinicians on diagnosis of diabetic foot osteomyelitis. PMID:24857262

Álvaro-Afonso, Francisco Javier; Lázaro-Martínez, José Luis; Aragón-Sánchez, Javier; García-Morales, Esther; García-Álvarez, Yolanda; Molines-Barroso, Raúl J

2014-07-01

84

Maxillary Air Cyst  

PubMed Central

Pathologic dilatation of the maxillary sinus by air is a rare condition with unclear etiology. We present a case of a 17 year old male with a maxillary air cyst diagnosed by computed tomography. The CT demonstrated air-filled expansion of the maxillary sinus beyond the normal anatomical limits with associated cortical bone thinning. The case report highlights the pathognomonic computed tomography findings of this rare entity and discusses the perplexing nomenclature, proposed etiologies and various treatment options. PMID:24421932

Doucette-Preville, Stephane; Tamm, Alexander; Khetani, Justin; Wright, Erin; Emery, Derek

2013-01-01

85

Oral Cysts  

MedlinePLUS

... a result of an infection in the tooth pulp, or nerve. This infection typically is caused by decay. A dentigerous cyst forms at the crown of a tooth that has not yet come into the mouth. This type of cyst can cause roots of already erupted teeth in the area to resorb (dissolve). Symptoms A ...

86

Diagnosis and treatment of midline prostatic cysts.  

PubMed

We report three patients with midline prostatic cysts (simple, n=1; complex, n=2) that presented with low ejaculate volume and hematospermia. Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) revealed a midline prostatic cystic structure that could represent either an ejaculatory duct cyst or a Müllerian duct cyst. In one patient, the ejaculatory duct cyst was confirmed by identification of spermatozoa at microscopic analysis of fluid obtained by TRUS-guided needle aspiration. The two other patients underwent transurethral incision of the cyst with complete resolution of symptoms. PMID:12504321

Moukaddam, Hicham A; Haddad, Maurice C; El-Sayyed, Khaled; Wazzan, Wassim

2003-01-01

87

A simple method for the repair of frontal sinus fracture: the bone mesh pull-up technique.  

PubMed

Accurate reduction and stable fixation are important in the treatment of frontal sinus fracture. In this article, we introduce a rapid and simple method for the treatment of frontal fractures and restoration of normal forehead contour, named the "bone mesh pull-up technique" (BMPUT). We describe our experience with this technique in frontal trauma cases, with emphasis on the technical aspects and clinical results of this simple method. Postoperative computed tomography scans showed adequate reduction of displaced bone fragments in all cases. Esthetic results were satisfactory and no complications related to this procedure, such as uncontrollable sinus bleeding, infection, and posterior table and brain injuries, were observed. Follow-ups ranged from 1 to 24 months, with an average of 12 months. Contour deformities were effectively restored and cosmetic results were very good. The BMPUT is a safe procedure that can be performed with minimal morbidity and offers, good access, and excellent esthetic results. PMID:24624261

Robiony, Massimo; Della Pietra, Lorenzo; Bertossi, Dario; Albanese, Massimo; Fresku, Arsa

2014-03-01

88

[Large articular geode cyst in rheumatoid polyarthritis].  

PubMed

A case of a large bone cyst in the tibial condyle of a patient with rheumatoid arthritis is reported. The etiology and pathology are discussed, and preventive surgical treatment is recommended. PMID:2801089

Sabri, F; Calmes, D; Muller, M J

1989-01-01

89

Intraosseous Ganglion Cyst of the Lunate  

PubMed Central

Intraosseous ganglia can affect the carpal bones of the hand and must be considered in the differential diagnosis of wrist pain. A 38-year-old female presented with a 14-month history of left wrist pain and a radiolucent cystic lesion was seen computed tomography (CT) scanning. Characteristic radiographic findings of a cyst in association with a fine sclerotic rim was apparent. We report an unusual presentation of a ganglion cyst in the lunate bone with excellent treatment outcome. PMID:24749102

Nazerani, Shahram; Ebrahimpour, Adel; Najafi, Arvin; Shams Koushki, Ehsan

2012-01-01

90

Tarlov Cysts  

MedlinePLUS

... the herpes simplex virus, which thrives in an alkaline environment, can cause Tarlov cysts to become symptomatic. Making the body less alkaline, through diet or supplements, may lessen symptoms. Microsurgical ...

91

[Parathyroid cysts].  

PubMed

The Authors review the world literature on parathyroid cysts and report a case of this uncommon disease. The importance of an early pre-operative diagnosis by ultrasound, blood calcium level and parathyroid hormone assay with fine needle aspiration biopsy is pointed out. According to several surgeons, only the functioning parathyroid cysts require operation; needle aspiration may be appropriate therapy for the nonfunctioning ones. PMID:1758642

De Toma, G; Gabriele, R; Campli, M; Sgarzini, G; De Cesare, E

1991-09-15

92

[Nasolabial cyst].  

PubMed

Nasolabial cyst is a rare epithelial and non-odontogenic cyst of the jaw. It is situated behind the ala nasi, extending backwards into the inferior nasal meatus and forward into the labio-gingival sulcus. Predominant symptoms are swelling of the nasal vestibule, local pain, and nasal obstruction. Radiology is not specific and CT scan may be contributive. Surgical excision is the first line treatment; it proves the diagnosis and prevents recurrence. PMID:19800645

Ben Slama, L; Zaghbani, A; Zoghbani, A; Hidaya, S

2009-12-01

93

Simple Approach to the Management of Aseptic Non-union of the Shaft of Long Bones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: Internal fixation with a plate in the management of non-union for shaft of long bones has been condemned but the review of the literature does not provide such unequivocal evidence. Also there are certain situations where it is either technically not feasible or contraindicated to do closed intramedullary nailing. This study was done to see the outcome of plate-fixation

A S Devnani

94

Postoperative simple biochemical markers for prediction of bone metastases in Egyptian breast cancer patients  

PubMed Central

Objective: The present study was undertaken to identify patient populations at high risk for bone metastases (BM) at any time after diagnosis of operable breast cancer. Subjects and methods: A total number of 59 cases with breast cancer after mastectomy was subdivided into two main groups that included 30 patients with radiologically confirmed BM and 29 patients with no bone metastasis (NBM). Patients with NBM were formerly observed for a one-year follow-up interval to monitor the development of bone metastasis (new BM). Parameters included a full blood picture, tumour markers (carcinoembryonic antigen and CA 15.3) and some biochemical markers (vascular endothelial growth factor and zinc levels, as well as tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and alkaline phosphatase activities). Results: A significant elevation was recorded in carcinoembryonic antigen level and alkaline phosphatase activity, as well as inflammation and vascularisation markers at the time of primary diagnosis in patients with BM, compared with those without BM. CA 15.3 was significantly higher in the new BM group as compared with the other two groups (patients free of bone metastasis [free BM] and BM). According to the likelihood ratio, a panel of single, calculated as well as combined markers was proposed to predict BM within one year in breast cancer patients. Conclusion: Vascularisation and inflammation markers, as well as CA 15.3 are predictive of bone recurrence within one year in breast carcinoma patients. We suggest that in cancer validation studies it is imperative to search for markers that link to the premetastatic process and to determine what type of mechanism is active in each stage. PMID:23653670

Morcos, Nadia YS; Zakhary, Nadia I; Said, Mahmoud M; Tadros, May MM

2013-01-01

95

Choledochal cysts  

PubMed Central

Much about the etiology, pathophysiology, natural course and optimal treatment of cystic disease of the biliary tree remains under debate. Gastroenterologists, surgeons and radiologists alike still strive to optimize their roles in the management of choledochal cysts. To that end, much has been written about this disease entity, and the purpose of this 3-part review is to organize the available literature and present the various theories currently argued by the experts. In part 1, we discuss the background of the disease, describing the etiology, classification, pathogenesis and malignant potential of choledochal cysts. PMID:19865581

Singham, Janakie; Yoshida, Eric M.; Scudamore, Charles H.

2009-01-01

96

Congenital cervical bronchogenic cyst in a calf.  

PubMed

The present report describes an extrathoracic bronchogenic cyst in a 30-day-old female calf. Histologically, the cyst wall was lined by a layer of ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium with peripheral arrangement of cartilage, glands, and smooth muscle fascicles. The mass was successfully removed by simple surgical excision. PMID:20453234

Lee, Jae Y; Yoon, In H; Cho, Seong W; Jeong, Seong M; Park, Chang S; Kim, Myung C

2010-05-01

97

Mucous cyst  

MedlinePLUS

A mucous cyst is a painless, thin sac on the inner surface of the lips. It contains clear fluid. ... A thin, fluid-filled sac appears on the inside of the lip. The sac is bluish and clear. It is painless, but it can be ...

98

Diagnosis and management of bilateral nasolabial cysts.  

PubMed

Nasolabial cysts are painless, submucosal, non-odontogenic jaw cysts presenting as soft tissue swellings in the maxillary anterior mucolabial fold lateral to midline, leading to elevation of nasal ala. Present case documents bilateral nasolabial cysts in a 69-year-old Asian female patient. In the present case, extraoral swelling of maxillary lip and elevation of nasal ala was observed on right side of the face. Intraorally, soft and fluctuant bilateral cysts were observed. Straw-colored fluid was aspirated from the right cyst. Radiographically, erosion of bone in a "cupping" fashion was observed in the region of left cyst. The cysts were enucleated using intraoral approach. Histopathology of the right-sided cyst revealed a cystic cavity lined by stratified squamous cells along with a few mucosal cells. At few places, stratified squamous and pseudostratified columnar epithelia with many cilia and goblet cells were also evident. Capsule was loosely arranged with fibrous tissue and chronic inflammatory infiltrate. Left-sided cystic specimen showed two or more layered stratified squamous lining epithelium with thin capsule. Diagnosis of bilateral nasolabial/nasoalveolar cysts was confirmed. PMID:24574670

Parwani, Rajkumar; Parwani, Simran; Wanjari, Sangeeta

2013-09-01

99

A simple and efficient method for deriving neurospheres from bone marrow stromal cells  

SciTech Connect

Bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) can be differentiated into neuronal and glial-like cell types under appropriate experimental conditions. However, previously reported methods are complicated and involve the use of toxic reagents. Here, we present a simplified and nontoxic method for efficient conversion of rat MSCs into neurospheres that express the neuroectodermal marker nestin. These neurospheres can proliferate and differentiate into neuron, astrocyte, and oligodendrocyte phenotypes. We thus propose that MSCs are an emerging model cell for the treatment of a variety of neurological diseases.

Yang Qin; Mu Jun; Li Qi [Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Key Laboratory of Diagnostic Medicine Designated by the Ministry of Education, 1 Yixueyuan Road, Chongqing 400016 (China); Li Ao [Department of Pharmacology, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016 (China); Zeng Zhilei; Yang Jun; Zhang Xiaodong; Tang Jin [Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Key Laboratory of Diagnostic Medicine Designated by the Ministry of Education, 1 Yixueyuan Road, Chongqing 400016 (China); Xie Peng [Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Key Laboratory of Diagnostic Medicine Designated by the Ministry of Education, 1 Yixueyuan Road, Chongqing 400016 (China) and Institute for Basic Medical Sciences, Chongqing 400016 (China)], E-mail: xiepeng58@21cn.com

2008-08-08

100

Unusual Postrhinoplasty Complication: Nasal Dorsum Cyst  

PubMed Central

Among all the possible complications of aesthetic rhinoplasty, a rare one is the development of cystic masses on the nasal dorsum: several theories suggest that cysts develop commonly by entrapment of nasal mucosa in the subcutaneous space, but they can also originate from foreign body reactions. This report deals with two cases of nasal dorsum cysts with different pathogenesis: both patients had undergone aesthetic rhinoplasty in the past (26 years ago and 14 years ago, resp.). Both cystic masses were removed via a direct open approach and nasal reconstruction was performed successfully with autologous vomer bone. The pathologic investigations showed a foreign body inclusion cyst associated with latex rubber in the first case and a sequestration of a mucosal-lined nasal bone was not removed at the time of primary rhinoplasty in the second case. A brief review of the literature focuses on the pathophysiology and treatment options for nasal dorsal cysts following aesthetic rhinoplasty.

Giacomini, Pier Giorgio; Topazio, Davide; Di Mauro, Roberta; Mocella, Stelio; Chimenti, Matteo; Di Girolamo, Stefano

2014-01-01

101

Favorite Demonstration: A Simple Model of Hox Genes--Bone Morphology Demonstration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Visual demonstrations of abstract scientific concepts are effective strategies for enhancing content retention (Shmaefsky 2004). The concepts associated with gene regulation of growth and development are particularly complex and are well suited for teaching with visual models. This demonstration provides a simple and accurate model of Hox gene function related to skeletal morphology in animals. The model used in this demonstration can be adapted to plant flower, fruit, leaf, and stem morphology.

Shmaefsky, Brian

2008-07-01

102

Borderline paratubal cyst: a case report.  

PubMed

Borderline para-ovarian cysts (PCs) are rare entities. They are commonly present in the third decade. Borderline PCs are often discovered fortuitously on routine ultrasound examination or they are common incidental findings during a laparotomy. They must be differentiated from simple ovarian cysts, peritoneal inclusion cysts and hydrosalpinges on ultrasound sonography. Papillary projections on the cyst wall should be searched carefully to suggest diagnosis. The treatment is surgical including fertility -sparing operation or more radical surgery depending on the case. The prognosis is good because borderline PCs are usually early-stage at diagnosis. Here is a report of a 38- year old woman with a borderline paratubal cyst. Adnexal torsion of hydrosalpinx was suspected; thus, she underwent an urgent surgery. Cystectomy was performed without rupture. The final diagnosis revealed a borderline PC. The patient underwent a radical surgery. Currently, she has had no evidence of disease recurrence. PMID:23330044

Alaoui, Fatima Zohra Fdili; El Fatemi, Hinde; Chaara, Hekmat; Melhouf, Molay Abdilah; Amarti, Afaf

2012-01-01

103

Efficacy of Platelet-Rich-Plasma (PRP) and Highly Purified Bovine Xenograft (Laddec®) Combination in Bone Regeneration after Cyst Enucleation: Radiological and Histological Evaluation  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Objectives The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of adding platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to a new highly purified bovine allograft (Laddec®) in the bone regeneration of cystic bony defects augmented following cystectomy. Material and Methods Study sample included 20 patients undergoing cystectomy in which the bone defect was filled with PRP and Laddec®. All patients were examined with periapical radiographs before operation and at follow-up. After 3 months, at re-entry surgery for implant placement, bone core was taken for histological and histomorphometric analysis. Results The postoperative successive radiographs showed a good regeneration of bone in the height of bony defects with application of PRP to bone graft. By the first postoperative month, about 48% of the defect was filled, which gradually increased in each month and showed about 90% of defect-fill by 6 months. Histological and histomorphometric analysis, showed a significant presence of bone tissue and vessels, with newly formed bone in contact with anorganic bone particles. The mean volume of vital bone was 68 ± 1.6% and the mean percentage of vital bone was 48 ± 2.4%. The mean percentage of inorganic particles in tissues was 20 ± 1.2% of the total volume. All the samples analyzed did not evidence the presence of inflammatory cells. Conclusions The results of this study showed how the use of Laddec® in association with platelet-rich plasma allows bone regeneration and has a potential for routine clinical use for regeneration of cystic bony defects. PMID:24422036

Pappalardo, Sabrina

2013-01-01

104

[Tarlov cysts: report of four cases].  

PubMed

Four perineurial cysts cases (Tarlov's cysts) are reported. The purpose of this study is to describe and to compare them with data from a literature review. The evaluation was performed among 88 adult patients with symptoms of radiculopathy, sacral pain, low back pain. Four patients revealed Tarlov's cysts (4.5%). The diagnosis was made by magnetic resonance imaging. Four cases underwent sacral laminectomy. Following surgery, the claudication pain resolved with no motor or sensory deficits. Tarlov's cysts should be considered as a differential diagnosis of sacral radiculopathy, sacral or lumbar pain syndromes and mainly to the lumbar disc prolapse. The goal of the surgical treatment is to relieve the neural compression and stop bone erosion. PMID:15334232

Sá, Márcia Cristina da Paixão Rodrigues Miranda de; Sá, Renato Carlos Ferreira Leite Miranda de

2004-09-01

105

Complicated acromioclavicular joint cyst with massive rotator cuff tear.  

PubMed

An acromioclavicular (AC) joint cyst is an unusual presentation of full-thickness rotator cuff tears in patients with degenerative changes of the AC joint. It is important to understand the relationship between AC joint cysts and rotator cuff tears because there is a high recurrence rate if the cyst is treated without addressing the rotator cuff tear. Furthermore, recurrence or draining sinus caused by failure to treat the cyst may lead to infection. To our knowledge, there have been no reports of infected AC joint cyst as a serious complication. We present 2 cases involving an infected AC joint cyst with a massive rotator cuff tear caused by simple cyst excision. When patients have an AC joint cyst, physicians should consider the following points: (1) There is the possibility of an underlying rotator cuff tear, (2) Surgical treatment is indicated for a symptomatic cyst, (3) Aspiration and simple cyst excision are not recommended, because of the potential for postoperative complications such as recurrence, a draining sinus, and infection, and (4) Lateral clavicle resection should be performed if there is an irreparable rotator cuff tear. PMID:24551863

Cho, Chul-Hyun

2014-02-01

106

Pancreatic cyst fluid analysis--a review.  

PubMed

An increased number of pancreatic cysts are being diagnosed due to the increased usage of cross-sectional imaging. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology and molecular analysis of these cystic lesions have led to their better detection and characterization. The aim of this review is to assess the value of cyst fluid analysis for the differential diagnosis of pancreatic cystic lesions, in view of the recent progresses of molecular analysis methods. Pancreatic cysts can be either simple (retention) cysts, pseudocysts and cystic neoplasms, while these are further subdivided into serous cystadenomas, mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) or intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs). EUS is now being used to investigate cystic pancreatic lesions, particularly by means of EUS guided cyst aspiration and sampling of the cyst wall or septa, as well as mural nodules. Cyst fluid can be further studied after aspiration in order to analyze cytology, viscosity, extracellular mucin, other tumor markers (CEA, CA 19-9,CA 15-3, Ca 72-4, etc.), enzymes (amylase, lipase), as well as DNA analysis of DNA quality/content or mutational analysis to study allelic imbalance/LOH (loss of heterozygosity) and K-ras mutations. After careful review of the published studies, a conclusion was reached that the use of tumor and molecular markers in conjunction with multimodality detection methods such as CT, MR and EUS-FNA allows risk stratification, while being also cost-effective. PMID:21725515

Bhutani, Manoop S; Gupta, Vikas; Guha, Sushovan; Gheonea, Dan Ionu?; Saftoiu, Adrian

2011-06-01

107

Intraosseous ganglion cyst of the scaphoid.  

PubMed

Intraosseous ganglion cysts are rare causes of hand and wrist pain. Differential diagnosis of painful cystic radiolucent carpal lesions includes osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma. Isolated cases of ganglion cysts occurring in the lunate, scaphoid, pisiform, hamate, triquetrum, capitate, metacarpal, and phalanx have been reported. A case of intra-articular intraosseous ganglion cyst of the scaphoid is presented. A 49-year-old right-handed woman presented with a 3- to 4-month history of progressive left-wrist pain. No history of trauma was reported. Conservative treatment with anti-inflammatory medications before referral was unsuccessful. Examination revealed marked tenderness in the region of the volar scaphoid proximal pole as well as tenderness overlying the dorsal radial styloid. No palpable masses were present. Wrist motion was not limited. Grip strength was symmetric. Radiographic studies revealed a cystic lesion eroding the radial-volar surface of the scaphoid waist. Magnetic resonance imaging studies demonstrated the cystic lesion to be of the penetrating type, originating from the radiocarpal joint and eroding into the scaphoid. The patient underwent radial styloidectomy, excision of the ganglion cyst, curettage of the scaphoid lesion, and bone grafting with radial styloid bone. Intraosseous carpal ganglion cysts, although rare, present with chronic wrist pain and should be included in the differential diagnosis. PMID:7741446

Fealy, M J; Lineaweaver, W

1995-02-01

108

Congenital iris cysts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unilateral, spontaneous, non-pigmented iris cysts appeared before the age of 2 years in four patients. Histopathological specimens obtained in three cases showed stratified to cuboidal, non-pigmented, epithelial lined cysts. Goblet cells were recognised in two of the three specimens. The clinical features and histopathological findings indicate that these cysts are derived from surface ectoderm and may be congenital.

R D Grutzmacher; T D Lindquist; M E Chittum; A H Bunt-Milam; R E Kalina

1987-01-01

109

Beware the Tarlov Cyst  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tarlov cysts are sacral perineural cysts. This case report describes the clinical course after biopsy of a very large Tarlov cyst via laparoscopy, which was thought preoperatively to be an adnexal mass. It serves as a warning against attempting biopsy or resection of these lesions.

Jane E. Hirst; Hugh Torode; William Sears; Michael J. Cousins

2009-01-01

110

Beware the Tarlov cyst.  

PubMed

Tarlov cysts are sacral perineural cysts. This case report describes the clinical course after biopsy of a very large Tarlov cyst via laparoscopy, which was thought preoperatively to be an adnexal mass. It serves as a warning against attempting biopsy or resection of these lesions. PMID:19110185

Hirst, Jane E; Torode, Hugh; Sears, William; Cousins, Michael J

2009-01-01

111

Bacteria Associated with Cysts of the Soybean Cyst Nematode (Heterodera glycines)  

PubMed Central

The soybean cyst nematode (SCN), Heterodera glycines, causes economically significant damage to soybeans (Glycine max) in many parts of the world. The cysts of this nematode can remain quiescent in soils for many years as a reservoir of infection for future crops. To investigate bacterial communities associated with SCN cysts, cysts were obtained from eight SCN-infested farms in southern Ontario, Canada, and analyzed by culture-dependent and -independent means. Confocal laser scanning microscopy observations of cyst contents revealed a microbial flora located on the cyst exterior, within a polymer plug region and within the cyst. Microscopic counts using 5-(4,6-dichlorotriazine-2-yl)aminofluorescein staining and in situ hybridization (EUB 338) indicated that the cysts contained (2.6 ± 0.5) × 105 bacteria (mean ± standard deviation) with various cellular morphologies. Filamentous fungi were also observed. Live-dead staining indicated that the majority of cyst bacteria were viable. The probe Nile red also bound to the interior polymer, indicating that it is lipid rich in nature. Bacterial community profiles determined by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis were simple in composition. Bands shared by all eight samples included the actinobacterium genera Actinomadura and Streptomyces. A collection of 290 bacteria were obtained by plating macerated surface-sterilized cysts onto nutrient broth yeast extract agar or on actinomycete medium. These were clustered into groups of siblings by repetitive extragenic palindromic PCR fingerprinting, and representative isolates were tentatively identified on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence. Thirty phylotypes were detected, with the collection dominated by Lysobacter and Variovorax spp. This study has revealed the cysts of this important plant pathogen to be rich in a variety of bacteria, some of which could presumably play a role in the ecology of SCN or have potential as biocontrol agents. PMID:12514048

Nour, Sarah M.; Lawrence, John R.; Zhu, Hong; Swerhone, George D. W.; Welsh, Martha; Welacky, Tom W.; Topp, Edward

2003-01-01

112

Primary hydatid cyst in gastrocnemius muscle.  

PubMed

Cystic echinococcosis, which is caused by the larval stages of Echinococcus granulosus, results from the presence of one or more massive cysts or hydatids, and can involve any organ, including the liver, lungs, heart, brain, kidneys, and long bones. Muscle hydatidosis is usually secondary in nature, resulting from spread of larval tissue from a primary site after spontaneous or trauma-induced cyst rupture or after release of viable parasite material during invasive treatment procedures. Primary muscle hydatidosis is extremely uncommon, because implantation at this site would require passage through the filters of the liver and lung. Intramuscular hydatid cyst can cause a variety of diagnostic problems, especially in the absence of typical radiologic findings. We present an unusual case of a primary hydatid cyst found in the popliteal fossa of the right knee of a 52-year-old woman, presenting as an enlarging soft-tissue tumor for 6 months associated with pain. The mass initially was diagnosed to be Backer's cyst by ultrasonography, but later it was confirmed postoperatively through histopathological studies to be due to hydatid disease. In regions where hydatidosis is endemic, hydatid cyst should be included in the differential diagnosis of any unusual muscular mass. PMID:24027387

Bharati, Saswata; Pal, Mrityunjay

2012-01-01

113

[Mediastinal cysts: clinical approach and treatment].  

PubMed

Mediastinal cysts (MC), mainly from embryonic origin, are benign and rare malformative lesions, gathering several varieties according to tissue origin. Diagnosis is mostly obtained thanks to tomodensitometry performance and sometimes by magnetic resonance imaging. It may be more difficult in some atypical topographies and in case of bulky MC. The most frequent, springing from division abnormality from embryonic foregut ("foregut cysts" in English literature), are primarily bronchogenic cysts (50 to 60 % of MC), which are symptomatic in 30 to 80 % of cases. Coelomic cysts, lined by a mesothelium, result from embryologic abnormality by incomplete fusion of mesenchymal coelomic lacunae. Rarely symptomatic, excepted in cases of very large cysts, they are mainly pleuropericardic cysts (PPC) that represent 30 % of MC. Thymic cysts, around 15 % of MC, are most often asymptomatic. Cystic lymphangiomas (CL) are congenital lymphatic malformations more frequent and symptomatic in children. Diagnosed in older patients, they are most often acquired and asymptomatic. The only radical and definitive treatment is complete surgical resection of the cyst. It allows suppression of symptoms, procurement of a formal diagnosis and prevention of complications. This resection, generally indicated for all symptomatic cysts, large-sized even asymptomatic and in case of non formal diagnosis, is now recommended for all kinds of cysts except for asymptomatic PPC. This strategy is justified considering morbidity and mortality rising rates in patients treated by surgical resection at time of local complications of the cyst. Surgery is commonly performed by videothoracoscopy or by video-assisted mini-thoracotomy, mainly for PPC and CL. The more conventional thoracotomy is performed in surgery for cysts, which are adhesive to nearby structures. PPC just need a simple follow-up, and surgery is required only in case of symptoms and increasing size. In total, surgical indications for MC are large and accepted because of null postoperative mortality and very low rate of morbidity thanks to mini-invasive surgery. This militates for early surgery, without waiting for cystic complications leading to peroperative difficulties and increasing risks. This review presents the characteristics of those different cysts and the strategies currently acknowledged for the treatment. PMID:20207297

Le Pimpec-Barthes, F; Cazes, A; Bagan, P; Badia, A; Vlas, C; Hernigou, A; Pricopi, C; Riquet, M

2010-02-01

114

Hydatid Cyst of Spleen: A Diagnostic Challenge  

PubMed Central

Although splenic involvement alone in hydatid disease is very rare, spleen is the third most common organ involved in hydatid disease. The rarity of splenic hydatid disease poses a diagnostic challenge for clinicians, particularly in non-endemic areas. As the hydatid cyst can present as a simple cyst without having the classic serological and imaging features, and later can lead to life-threatening complications like anaphylaxis, hydatid disease of spleen should be considered in differential in every patient in endemic areas with cystic lesion of spleen until proved otherwise. The author used the keyword “splenic hydatid cyst” in PubMed and reviewed the scientific literatures published from January 1965 to June 2012. The present review is to accentuate the incidence, classification, clinical and pathophysiological features, differential diagnosis, diagnostic modalities, and treatment choices of hydatid cyst of spleen along with follow-up strategy and newer treatment approaches. PMID:23378949

Rasheed, Khalid; Zargar, Showkat Ali; Telwani, Ajaz Ahmed

2013-01-01

115

Semimembranosus ganglion cyst.  

PubMed

Ganglion cysts are tumor-like lesions in the soft tissues, generated by mucoid degeneration of the joint capsule, tendon or tendon sheaths on the dorsum of hand, wrist and foot. However, an intratendinous origin for a ganglion cyst is extremely rare. During dissection of the popliteal fossa, a cyst of 2.5 cm×2 cm×0.5 cm was observed in the tendon of right semimembranosus, 3.5 cm above the insertion of the muscle. Contrast X-ray revealed the cyst as not communicating with the knee joint or any adjacent bursae. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of ganglion cyst. PMID:25276481

Ananthi Kumarasamy, Suba; Kannadath, Bijun Sai; Soundamourthy, Sandosh; Subramanian, Aruna; Sinhasan, Sankappa P; Bhat, Ramachandra V

2014-09-01

116

Semimembranosus ganglion cyst  

PubMed Central

Ganglion cysts are tumor-like lesions in the soft tissues, generated by mucoid degeneration of the joint capsule, tendon or tendon sheaths on the dorsum of hand, wrist and foot. However, an intratendinous origin for a ganglion cyst is extremely rare. During dissection of the popliteal fossa, a cyst of 2.5 cm×2 cm×0.5 cm was observed in the tendon of right semimembranosus, 3.5 cm above the insertion of the muscle. Contrast X-ray revealed the cyst as not communicating with the knee joint or any adjacent bursae. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of ganglion cyst.

Kannadath, Bijun Sai; Soundamourthy, Sandosh; Subramanian, Aruna; Sinhasan, Sankappa P.; Bhat, Ramachandra V.

2014-01-01

117

Management of Symptomatic Sacral Perineural Cysts  

PubMed Central

Background There has been no consensus on the optimal treatment of symptomatic sacral perineural cysts. Most previous reports concerning the management methods were either sporadic case reports or a series of limited cases. This study is to further optimize the management for patients with symptomatic sacral perineural cysts by analyzing the outcomes of a cohort of patients who were treated with different strategies. Methods and Findings We reviewed the outcomes of 15 patients with symptomatic sacral perineural cysts who were managed by three different modalities from 1998 through 2010. Six patients underwent microsurgical cyst fenestration and cyst wall imbrication. Seven patients underwent a modified surgical procedure, during which the cerebrospinal fluid leak aperture was located and repaired. Two patients were treated with medication and physical therapy. Outcomes of the patients were assessed by following up (13 months to 10 years). All of the six patients treated with microsurgical cyst fenestration and cyst wall imbrication experienced complete or substantial relief of their preoperative symptoms. However, the symptoms of one patient reappeared eight months after the operation. Another patient experienced a postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage. Six of the seven patients treated with the modified surgical operation experienced complete or substantial resolution of their preoperative symptoms, with only one patient who experienced temporary worsening of his preoperative urine incontinence, which disappeared gradually one month later. No new postoperative neurological deficits, no cerebrospinal fluid leaks and no recurrence were observed in the seven patients. The symptoms of the two patients treated with conservative measures aggravated with time. Conclusions Microsurgical operation should be a treatment consideration in patients with symptomatic sacral perineural cysts. Furthermore, the surgical procedure with partial cyst removal and aperture repair for prevention of cerebrospinal fluid leakage seemed to be more simple and effective. PMID:22768183

Xu, Jianqiang; Sun, Yongdong; Huang, Xin; Luan, Wenzhong

2012-01-01

118

[Urethral parameatal cysts. Report of two cases and review of the literature].  

PubMed

Two cases of parameatal urethral cysts in the male are reported. These round cysts don't interfere with sexual function but can determinate an alteration of the urinary flow (biforcation of the flow). The aetiology of these cysts is not completely understood, while the treatment is univoque and simple: complete excision but no aspiration or marsupialization. PMID:8815551

Di Cello, V; Saltutti, C; Dominici, A; Costanzi, A; Raugei, A; Abd-Ali, A

1995-09-01

119

A simple way to distinguish bed clothing contamination in a whole body bone scan: a case report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whole body bone scan with Technetium-99m MDP (methylene diphosphate) can detect bony lesions due to altered osteoblastic activity. Non-physiologic or increased radiotracer uptake in the bony structures of patients with a history of malignant diseases is usually interpreted as being suspicious of bone metastasis. It is extremely important to properly distinguish false positive sites of Tc-99m MDP localization. We present

Majid Assadi; Abdolali Ebrahimi; Mohammad Eftekhari; Armaghan Fard-Esfahani; Mojgan Nazar Ahari; Iraj Nabipour; Farshid Gheisari; Shabnam Shahbaz; Reza Baghaei; Sakineh Assadi

2007-01-01

120

Lumbar intraspinal extradural ganglion cysts.  

PubMed

The lumbar intraspinal epidural ganglion cyst has been a rare cause of the low back pain or leg pain. Ganglion cysts and synovial cysts compose the juxtafacet cysts. Extensive studies have been performed about the synovial cysts, however, very little has been known about the ganglion cyst. Current report is about two ganglion cysts associated with implicative findings in young male patients. We discuss about the underlying pathology of the ganglion cyst based on intraoperative evidences, associated disc herniation at the same location or severe degeneration of the ligament flavum that the cyst originated from in young patients. PMID:19707495

Cho, Sung Min; Rhee, Woo Tack; Choi, Soo Jung; Eom, Dae Woon

2009-07-01

121

Epidermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth  

PubMed Central

Dermoid cysts are malformations that are rarely seen in the oral cavity. An intraoral dermoid cyst grows slowly, but may enlarge and interfere with deglutition and speech, or can pose a critical risk to the airway and therefore require immediate surgical intervention. Dermoid cysts may develop above or below the mylohyoid muscle, causing a submental or submandibular swelling. Surgical excision is the treatment of choice and recurrence is rare. An intraoral approach for the treatment of large lesions presenting above the mylohyoid muscle provides good cosmetic and functional results. We report a case of a 26-year-old female who developed an epidermoid cyst presenting as a large sublingual swelling causing speech and swallowing difficulties. The lesion was surgically excised using an intraoral approach. Microscopic examination revealed a dermoid cyst of the epidermoid type. This case shows that dermoid cysts may be successfully diagnosed and managed using a series of simple yet effective clinical procedure. PMID:25298725

Baliga, Mohan; Shenoy, Nandita; Poojary, Dharnappa; Mohan, Ram; Naik, Ramdas

2014-01-01

122

Removal of a giant intrathoracic cyst from the anterior mediastinum.  

PubMed

A 45-year-old caucasian man with progressive dyspnea appeared to have a giant intrathoracic cyst in the anterior mediastinum encasing the heart and compressing both lungs. He underwent succesful removal of the cyst through a median sternotomy. Recovery was uneventful. Gross examination revealed a thin-walled cyst filled with clear fluid. Microscopic histopathologic examination revealed a cyst wall lined by cubic cells and underlying loose connective tissue with remnants of thymic tissue. The definitive diagnosis was an intrathoracic (simple) mesothelial cyst. An intrathoracic mesothelial cyst is a benign, generally asymptomatic tumor that can be located in the anterior cardiophrenic angle, the paravertebral or paratracheal regions, or in the anterior mediastinum. It can become rather large before it becomes symptomatic, at which point surgical removal is generally warranted. PMID:25239838

Bouma, Wobbe; Klinkenberg, Theo J; Van De Wauwer, Caroline; Timens, Wim; Mariani, Massimo A

2014-01-01

123

Extradural Dermoid Cyst Located in the Lateral Sphenoid Ridge  

PubMed Central

Dermoid cysts are rare congenital tumors that occur primarily at the midline at a characteristic intradural location. However, dermoid cysts located at extradural and lateral regions have been rarely reported until now. In the present study, the authors demonstrate the unusual instance of an intracranial extradural dermoid cyst at the lateral sphenoid ridge. A 53-year-old woman admitted because of progressive headache and dizziness. The patient had no neurologic deficits, and magnetic resonance imaging with no contrast enhancement revealed a mass at the right sphenoid ridge. The mass was accompanied with sphenoid bone erosion visible on computed tomography. The patient underwent right pterional craniotomy, and the tumor including the capsule was totally resected. Presence of a dermoid cyst was confirmed with histopathological examination. The patient had no complications during the postoperative period. This study suggests that dermoid cyst should be considered for differential diagnosis of extradural and lateral intracranial masses. PMID:24926471

Ko, Seok-Jin; Park, Kyung-Jae; Park, Dong-Hyuk

2014-01-01

124

Respiratory implantation cyst of the mandible following orthognathic surgery.  

PubMed

A cyst following implantation of respiratory epithelium during surgical procedures has been documented only rarely. A variety of names have been attached to this lesion: respiratory mucocele, respiratory implantation cyst, surgical ciliated cyst, and surgical (implantation) cyst. In seven prior case reports, the interval between the initiating surgical procedure and diagnostic biopsy of the resultant well-circumscribed radiolucency and histopathological demonstration of distinctive pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelial lining has varied from 4 to 40 years. In the case reported here, chin augmentation used "residual maxillary bone" as the donor tissue and likely transplanted sinonasal mucosa into the mandible during orthognathic surgery, resulting in a painful anterior mandibular cyst lined by respiratory epithelium that was ablated 16 years later. PMID:21886995

Ragsdale, Bruce D; Laurent, Jessica L; Janette, Adam J; Epker, Bruce N

2009-01-01

125

Respiratory implantation cyst of the mandible following orthognathic surgery  

PubMed Central

A cyst following implantation of respiratory epithelium during surgical procedures has been documented only rarely. A variety of names have been attached to this lesion: respiratory mucocele, respiratory implantation cyst, surgical ciliated cyst, and surgical (implantation) cyst. In seven prior case reports, the interval between the initiating surgical procedure and diagnostic biopsy of the resultant well-circumscribed radiolucency and histopathological demonstration of distinctive pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelial lining has varied from 4 to 40 years. In the case reported here, chin augmentation used “residual maxillary bone” as the donor tissue and likely transplanted sinonasal mucosa into the mandible during orthognathic surgery, resulting in a painful anterior mandibular cyst lined by respiratory epithelium that was ablated 16 years later. PMID:21886995

Ragsdale, Bruce D; Laurent, Jessica L; Janette, Adam J; Epker, Bruce N

2009-01-01

126

A case of sacral hydatid cyst  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION Hydatid cyst of bone constitutes only 0.5-2% of all hydatidoses. The thoracic spine is the most common site of spinal hydatidoses. Primary hydatid cyst of the sacral spinal canal is rare. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 19-year-old man had cauda equina syndrome with pelvic pain 15 days ago, the pelvic radiography shows a lytic image depend on the left sacral wing. MRI showed an intra-pelvic cystic image invading the sacrum T1 hypointense and T2W hyperintense. The Hydatid serology was positive.Surgical treatment consisted of a wide drainage of hydatid cavity dug in the left sacral wing, and by which it communicated intra pelvic, with removal of the entire cyst by gentle aspiration, abundant rinsing with hypertonic saline, release and sacred roots encompassed in a puddle of fibrosis hydatid.The evolution was good with recovery of perineal sensation and anal tone. The sacroiliac joint was considered stable and did not require synthesis or reconstruction. DISCUSSION Hydatid cysts predominantly occur in liver and lungs. Involvement of other organs is uncommon. Neither surgery nor medical therapy is generally effective for bone, especially spinal hydatidosis. The initial treatment of choice is surgical excision for neural decompression and establishing diagnosis. Albendazole is the drug of choice against this disease, when suspected, presurgical use of Albendazole in Echinococcus infestations reduces risk of recurrence and/or facilitates surgery by reducing intracystic pressure. CONCLUSION A missed diagnosis of hydatid cyst could be devastating. Hence, hydatid cyst should be kept as a differential diagnosis, when encountered with a cystic lesion of sacrum. In addition, longterm follow-up is mandatory as recurrence is high despite use scolicidal agents. PMID:24912110

Abdelhakim, Kherfani; Khalil, Amri; Haroune, Bouhali; Oubaid, Marzouk; Mondher, Mestiri

2014-01-01

127

[Remote course of bony cysts in children and adolescents].  

PubMed

The author, who in 1955 had published a thesis on the remote results of the treatment of bone cysts on children and teenagers, decided to go back to that subject 30 years later. He was able to gather 203 observations (mostly from Paris Hospitals) followed up for at least 2 years (some of them for more than 30 years) and in 15 of those cases no treatment had been undergone. The pathogenesis of the bone cyst is still unknown, but there are obvious connections between the cystic socket and the vascular metaphysis. Rigault and Padovani had the opportunity to observe, during some injections of contrasting preparation in the humeral cysts that the liquid went quickly into the auxiliary venous system. The bone cysts appear in the spongy tissue of bone metaphysis in full movement. The author thinks that the cystic sockets are made by the gathering of osteolytic bubbles and that the protrusions inside the bone are nothing, but the former limits of those bubbles. The evolution does not always follow the classical pattern and one can often observe--in particular in the humeral localisation--lytic outbreaks on a cyst which growth seemed stationary or on the way of recovery. Those outbreaks with specific evolution bring about either an extension of the socket or the appearance of a new geode. The recovery (total or partial) usually comes after septation of the cavity. It is only at the end of the growth that one can be sure of the stabilization of the remaining lesions. As for the spontaneous disappearance of the cavity, it can take years. Considering the ever encouraging evolution of the bone cysts, one must always be very careful in judging the efficacy of the different treatments that are recommended. The different traumatisms (fractures, surgery or corticoids) bring forth perturbations in the bone socket, according to a pattern that we do not know well. The result is often paradoxical: one bone cyst which was apparently stabilized will awake and spread; another, partially cured after a surgery will have to wait for a fracture of the remaining cavity to disappear completely; other bone cysts which the injections of corticoids have failed to cure will recover after a curettage or vice-versa. Every method, included the bone resections used in some localisations (fibula) can fail.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:4064229

Lefranc, J

1985-01-01

128

A Simple and Effective Daily Pain Management Method for Patients Receiving Radiation Therapy for Painful Bone Metastases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The incidence of painful bone metastases increases with longer survival times. Although external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) is an effective palliative treatment, it often requires several days from the start of treatment to produce a measurable reduction in pain scores and a qualitative amelioration of patient pain levels. Meanwhile, the use of analgesics remains the best approach early on

Regiane S. Andrade; Julian W. Proctor; Robert Slack; Ursula Marlowe; Karlotta R. Ashby; Larry L. Schenken

2010-01-01

129

Arthroscopic treatment of post-traumatic cysts of the talus.  

PubMed

We report on 9 patients with persistent ankle pain and radiographic evidence of a cystic lesion on the talus. All had a history of an inversion-type of ankle injury. Radiographs were initially negative, but a cyst developed about 6 months after the injury. Arthroscopic debridement revealed extrusion of viscid gelatinous material from the cyst. The cavity was arthroscopically abraded to bleeding base. Follow-up of these patients at an average of 26 months showed statistically significant improvement in terms of pain, swelling, stiffness, limp, and activity level. Bone grafting may not be necessary in the treatment of post-traumatic cysts. PMID:10705333

Ogilvie-Harris, D J; Sarrosa, E A

2000-03-01

130

Pineal cysts in children.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and characteristics of pineal cysts found on MRI in children. METHODS: This is a retrospective monocentric study of all brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations performed under the same technical conditions for checking the idiopathic nature of short stature (ISS group, n?=?116) and for the investigation of central precocious puberty (CPP) over a 3-year period (n?=?56). Dimensions, wall and septal thickness, number of locules, signal intensity, and the presence of a solid component were analysed. Ten of 19 cysts were re-evaluated (follow-up interval 4-28 months). The prevalence of the pineal cysts was compared between the two groups using ?2 and Fisher's exact tests, and a significance threshold of p?cysts was comparable in the two groups, CPP (10.7%) and ISS (11.2%). Cyst characteristics were similar in the two groups and 74% had thin septations. None of the cysts changed on follow-up. None of the children with pineal cysts exhibited neurological signs. CONCLUSION: Benign pineal cysts are a common finding in young children. High-resolution MRI demonstrates that these cysts are often septated. This pattern is a normal variant and does not require follow-up MR imaging or IV contrast media. PMID:22347985

Lacroix-Boudhrioua, V; Linglart, A; Ancel, P Y; Falip, C; Bougnères, P F; Adamsbaum, C

2011-12-01

131

Parameatal urethral cyst.  

PubMed

Cyst formation in the parameatal area of the urethra is an uncommon entity. It was first reported in two male cases as recently as 1956 by Thompson and Lantin. Further reports have been rare. Herein, we report a case of a 21 year-old male having a spherical, cystic swelling 1 cm in size at the external urethral meatus. The diagnosis of parameatal urethral cyst was made and the cyst was excised. Histopathological examination revealed a monolocular cyst lined with transitional cells. The postoperative period was uneventful. PMID:18814338

Aggarwal, Kamal; Gupta, Sanjeev; Jain, Vijay Kumar; Goel, Ashish

2008-01-01

132

A simple, time-saving chairside device for radiographic diagnosis of vertical bone height and soft tissue thickness for implant placement--clinical report.  

PubMed

A diagnostic radiograph of the posterior regions of the jaws is mandatory if implant placement is considered at these sites. The goal is to avoid damage to important anatomical structures such as the inferior alveolar canal and maxillary sinus. Using radiographs to evaluate the remaining bone height available for implant insertion is a common procedure. Many articles have evaluated the success rates of fixed prostheses supported by osseointegrated implants, indicating high rates of success for prostheses 5-10 years in function. However, if an orthopantomogram machine is not readily available, periapical radiographs can be used for vertical bone height assessment. The familiar procedure of incorporating a metal ball of known diameter into an acrylic template is the method of choice. This is a relatively tedious and expensive procedure involving multiple steps, including impression taking, creation of a study model, and manufacture of a metal ball-bearing acrylic template. A further disadvantage for the patient is that a diagnostic radiograph can be taken only at the next appointment. This paper describes a quick and simple method to obtain a radiographic evaluation of remaining alveolar bone height and soft tissue thickness prior to implant placement with help of a metal ball device to avoid template fabrication and time consumption. Soft tissue thickness is measured nonsurgically. PMID:22313989

Kharade, Pankaj; Banerjee, Ardhendu; Gupta, Tapas

2012-01-01

133

Arachnoid Cyst in Oculomotor Cistern  

PubMed Central

Oculomotor cistern is normal anatomic structure that is like an arachnoid-lined cerebrospinal fluid-filled sleeve, containing oculomotor nerve. We report a case of arachnoid cyst in oculomotor cistern, manifesting as oculomotor nerve palsy. The oblique sagittal MRI, parallel to the oculomotor nerve, showed well-defined and enlarged subarachnoid spaces along the course of oculomotor nerve. Simple fenestration was done with immediate regression of symptom. When a disease develops in oculomotor cistern, precise evaluation with proper MRI sequence should be performed to rule out tumorous condition and prevent injury of the oculomotor nerve. PMID:24043981

Kim, Min-Kyun; Jeun, Sin-Soo; Jung, So-Lyung; Ahn, Kook-Jin; Kim, Bum-soo

2013-01-01

134

Lumbar synovial cysts.  

PubMed

Synovial spinal cysts are typically found in the lumbar spine, most often at the L4-L5 level. Magnetic resonance imaging is the diagnostic imaging of choice in the workup of suspected synovial cysts. This study consisted of 24 patients with lumbar synovial cysts treated by cyst excision and nerve root decompression through partial or complete facetectomy and primary posterolateral fusion. The most common location of the cysts was the L4-L5 segment. Synovial tissue was found in histological sections of 18 cysts. At a mean follow-up of 12 (range, 8 to 24) months, 20 patients (83%) had excellent or good results; two patients (8.3%) had fair and two patients (8.3%) had poor improvement. Operative complications included dural tear in two patients and postoperative wound dehiscence in one patient, which were treated accordingly. To eliminate the risk of recurrence synovial cyst excision through partial or complete facetectomy is required. In addition, since synovial cysts reflect disruption of the facet joint and some degree of instability, primary spinal fusion is recommended. PMID:23327848

Mavrogenis, Andreas F; Papagelopoulos, Panayiotis J; Sapkas, George S; Korres, Demetrios S; Pneumaticos, Spyridon G

2012-01-01

135

Cystic lesion in carpal bone.  

PubMed

Six cases of symptomatic cystic lesions of carpal bones which underwent operative treatment were reviewed. Definite diagnosis, etiology and treatment were also discussed. The lesions occurred in the scaphoid, lunate, capitate and triquetrum, and were multiple lesions in four of the six cases. Juxta-articular bone cyst was diagnosed in three cases: intraosseous cavity surrounded by fibrous membrane containing gelatinous material, and "bone cyst-like pathologic change" in three cases which contained fibrous connective tissue resembled the thick inner wall of juxta-articular bone cyst histologically. They were treated by curettage and cancellous bone grafting; the outcomes were favourable without complication. It is suggested that the minor trauma resulting from the carpal loading serves as a basis for intraosseous lesion, which initiates intramedullary metaplasia followed by fibrous connective tissue proliferation with/without mucin secretion, and forms cystic cavity. PMID:11089185

Ikeda, M; Oka, Y

2000-07-01

136

Dermoid cysts in caribou.  

PubMed

Subcutaneous dermoid cysts were identified in eight wild caribou (Rangifer tarandus) from widely dispersed locations in northern Canada and in one wild caribou from Alaska. The dermoid cysts from Canadian caribou were found among 557 diagnostic specimens that had been detected by hunters and submitted by resource officers and biologists between 1 January 1966 and 15 May 2007. All of the cysts were located in the cervical region, and five of nine cysts were found in the throat area. All of the animals for which the age was known were adult; males and females were equally represented. Dermoid cysts were not diagnosed in any of 1,108 white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), 293 mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), 174 elk (Cervus elaphus), or 529 moose (Alces alces) examined during the same period at the Canadian laboratory. PMID:19395761

Wobeser, G; Bollinger, T; Neimanis, A; Beckmen, K B

2009-04-01

137

Multiple intratesticular cysts.  

PubMed

Intratesticular cysts, once thought to be a rarity, are now being reported with an increasing prevalence as a result of the wider use of scrotal ultrasound scanning. Despite greater understanding of intratesticular cysts, their management remains unclear. Treatment has included enucleation and even radical orchiectomy over fear of the possibility of an associated malignancy. A more conservative approach with serial ultrasound scanning has been advocated if a clear distinction can be made between neoplastic and non-neoplastic testicular cysts. However, in view of the benign nature of such cysts, even repeated ultrasound scanning may not be necessary and may be considered over-treatment. In this study we present clinical and morphological characteristics of multiple cysts in the right testicle in a 62-year-old patient, where a slightly nodular lesion in the right testicle was detected. PMID:23658871

Kang, Sung Min; Hwang, Dae Sung; Lee, Jung Woo; Chon, Won Hee; Park, Nam Cheol; Park, Hyun Jun

2013-04-01

138

Multiple Intratesticular Cysts  

PubMed Central

Intratesticular cysts, once thought to be a rarity, are now being reported with an increasing prevalence as a result of the wider use of scrotal ultrasound scanning. Despite greater understanding of intratesticular cysts, their management remains unclear. Treatment has included enucleation and even radical orchiectomy over fear of the possibility of an associated malignancy. A more conservative approach with serial ultrasound scanning has been advocated if a clear distinction can be made between neoplastic and non-neoplastic testicular cysts. However, in view of the benign nature of such cysts, even repeated ultrasound scanning may not be necessary and may be considered over-treatment. In this study we present clinical and morphological characteristics of multiple cysts in the right testicle in a 62-year-old patient, where a slightly nodular lesion in the right testicle was detected. PMID:23658871

Kang, Sung Min; Hwang, Dae Sung; Lee, Jung Woo; Chon, Won Hee; Park, Nam Cheol

2013-01-01

139

Treatment of a mandibular cyst before implant placement: case report.  

PubMed

The aim of this case study is to present a clinical approach to treatment of a mandibular intrabony cyst employing guided bone regeneration principles and protection of the mandibular nerve prior to implant placement. A treatment approach employing a combination of grafting materials and membranes was used to treat the cyst and protect the mandibular nerve prior to implant placement. Micro CT, as well as histology and histomorphometrics, was used to evaluate treatment outcomes. Histological inspection showed bone regeneration at the grafting site. Histomorphometric analysis of the biopsy core rendered a total bone percent area of 58.87% and 41.13% soft tissue. Out of the total bone percent area, 90.45% was revealed as vital bone and 9.55% was graft remnant. The grafted area is supporting an implant-supported prosthesis in full function. PMID:25219064

Yacker, Miles; Ricci, John; Matei, Ioana Chesnoiu; Hu, Bin; Mamidwar, Sachin

2014-01-01

140

[Intraosseous ganglion cyst of the capitate: a case report].  

PubMed

Intraosseous cyst of the carpal bones is a rare cause of wrist pain. Few cases have been reported. We report a rare case of intraosseous ganglion cyst of the capitate, in a girl aged 16 who plain of chronic pain of the right wrist. The radiological assessment showed an osteolytic lesion with marginal sclerosis. The diagnosis was confirmed by histopathology and treatment consisted of curettage with autologous cancellous bone graft. At 8 months follow-up, the capitate is fully consolidated and the functional result is satisfactory. PMID:23022265

Zejjari, H; Louaste, J; Cherrad, T; Kasmaoui, H; Chakoura, M; Rachid, K

2012-10-01

141

Management of adult choledochal cysts.  

PubMed Central

A review of the English literature reveals a total of 1,337 patients with choledochal cysts. Improved diagnostic techniques to visualize the biliary system are demonstrating an increasing number of unsuspected choledochal cysts in adult patients. Either choledochal cysts remain clinically silent until adulthood or may develop in later life. Experience is reported with adult patients having type I, II, III, and IV choledochal cysts. Type I cysts are preferably managed by excision but cyst anatomy may necessitate choledochoenteric drainage. Type II cysts are treated by excision except for those located within the pancreatic portion of the common bile duct. These are best managed by transduodenal cystoduodenostomy. The type III cyst (choledochocele) should be excised carefully, identifying and preserving the common bile and pancreatic ducts. Type IV cysts include a combination of any one of the first three types of cyst plus the presence of intrahepatic cyst or cysts. Treatment of these cysts is dictated by the type and location of the extrahepatic cyst. Since choledochal cysts are being recognized with increased frequency in adults, surgeons need to be aware of the diagnostic and treatment modalities available for each type of biliary cyst. Images Fig. 3. Fig. 4. Fig. 6. Fig. 7. Fig. 9. Fig. 10. PMID:7235770

Powell, C S; Sawyers, J L; Reynolds, V H

1981-01-01

142

Tuberculosis of the urachal cyst  

PubMed Central

Urachal cysts are uncommon. Rarely, these cysts can become infected. Tuberculosis of the urachal cyst is exceedingly rare, with only one case reported previously in the English language literature. Here we report the case of a 23-year-old male who presented with an infra-umbilical mass that turned out to be tuberculosis of the urachal cyst. PMID:23346004

Kamal, Mir Reza; Jha, Jayesh Kumar

2013-01-01

143

Bronchogenic cyst in the abdomen  

Microsoft Academic Search

A bronchogenic cyst was found in the abdomen, in the retroperitoneum adjacent to the superior pancreatic body. The cyst was unilocular and contained about 100 ml pale yellow mucinous fluid. Microscopic examination revealed a pseudostratified columnar ciliated or cuboidal epithelium, seromucous glands, smooth muscle and cartilage, the distinctive features of bronchogenic cysts. This aberrant location of the cyst is explicable

Kinjiro Sumiyoshi; Shuji Shimizu; Munetomo Enjoji; Akinori Iwashita; Katsuhiko Kawakami

1985-01-01

144

Hepatic Cysts: Treatment with Alcohol  

Microsoft Academic Search

Six patients with hepatic cysts were successfully treated with percutaneous aspiration and temporary direct injection of sterile alcohol U.S.P. (95% ethanol) into the cyst cavities through an aspiration catheter. Five cysts were treated percutaneously using sonographic guidance, and one cyst was treated under direct vision during a cholecys- tectom?. It is ideal to treat with 25% replacement volume of alcohol.

William J. Bean; Bruce A. Rodan

145

A Simple and Effective Daily Pain Management Method for Patients Receiving Radiation Therapy for Painful Bone Metastases  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The incidence of painful bone metastases increases with longer survival times. Although external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) is an effective palliative treatment, it often requires several days from the start of treatment to produce a measurable reduction in pain scores and a qualitative amelioration of patient pain levels. Meanwhile, the use of analgesics remains the best approach early on in the treatment course. We investigated the role of radiation therapists as key personnel for collecting daily pain scores to supplement assessments by physician and oncology nursing staff and manage pain more effectively during radiation treatment. Methods and Materials: Daily pain scores were obtained by the radiation therapists for 89 patients undertaking a total of 124 courses of EBRT for bone metastases and compared with pretreatment pain scores. The majority of patients (71%) were treated to 30 Gy (range, 20-37.5) in 10 fractions (range, 8-15 fractions). Results: One hundred nineteen treatment courses (96%) were completed. Pain scores declined rapidly to 37.5%, 50%, and 75% of the pretreatment levels by Days 2, 4, and 10, respectively. Pain was improved in 91% of patients with only 4% of worse pain at the end of treatment. Improved pain scores were maintained in 83% of patients at 1-month follow-up, but in 35% of them, the pain was worse than at the end of treatment. Conclusions: Collection of daily pain scores by radiation therapists was associated with an effective reduction in pain scores early on during EBRT of painful osseous metastases.

Andrade, Regiane S. [University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, UPMC Shadyside Hospital, Radiation Oncology Department, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); UPMC Radiation Oncology Outreach Program (ROCOG), UPMC McKeesport Hospital, McKeesport, PA (United States); Proctor, Julian W., E-mail: proctorj@upmc.ed [UPMC Jameson Cancer Center, Radiation Oncology Department, New Castle, PA (United States); UPMC Radiation Oncology Outreach Program (ROCOG), UPMC McKeesport Hospital, McKeesport, PA (United States); Slack, Robert; Marlowe, Ursula [UPMC Jameson Cancer Center, Radiation Oncology Department, New Castle, PA (United States); Ashby, Karlotta R. [University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, UPMC Shadyside Hospital, Radiation Oncology Department, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); UPMC Radiation Oncology Outreach Program (ROCOG), UPMC McKeesport Hospital, McKeesport, PA (United States); Schenken, Larry L. [UPMC Radiation Oncology Outreach Program (ROCOG), UPMC McKeesport Hospital, McKeesport, PA (United States)

2010-11-01

146

Tarlov Cyst and Infertility  

PubMed Central

Background/Objective: Tarlov cysts or spinal perineurial cysts are uncommon lesions. These are mostly incidental findings on magnetic resonance imaging or myelograms. The objectives of this study were to describe Tarlov cysts of the sacral region as a potential cause for retrograde ejaculations and review available management options. Methods: Case report and literature review. Results: A 28-year-old man presented with back pain and retrograde ejaculations resulting in infertility. After microsurgical excision of large perineurial cysts, back pain resolved, but semen quality showed only marginal improvement. Later, the couple successfully conceived by intrauterine insemination. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of Tarlov cyst associated with retrograde ejaculation and infertility. Conclusions: Despite being mostly asymptomatic and an incidental finding, Tarlov cyst is an important clinical entity because of its tendency to increase in size with time. Tarlov cysts of the sacral and cauda equina region may be a rare underlying cause in otherwise unexplained retrograde ejaculations and infertility. Microsurgical excision may be a good option in a select group of patients. PMID:19569467

Singh, Pankaj Kumar; Singh, Vinay Kumar; Azam, Amir; Gupta, Sanjeev

2009-01-01

147

[Intraventricular arachnoid cyst].  

PubMed

INTRODUCTION. Intracranial arachnoids cysts are considered benign developmental anomalies that occur within the arachnoid membrane and generally contain clear and colourless fluid resembling cerebrospinal fluid. The prevalence of these cysts is higher in the first two decades of life, and the incidence is widely quoted as approximately 1% of all space-occupying intracranial lesions. Arachnoids cysts in the elderly person are a rare occurrence. We report the unusual presentation of a woman with an intraventricular arachnoid cyst treated with endoscopic technique. CASE REPORT. A 75-year-old woman presented with progressive hemiparesis of two years duration. Cranial MR imaging showed a right parieto-occipital intraventricular cyst with local mass effect and moderate dilatation of lateral ventricles. A right-sided burr hole was made and the arachnoids cyst was reached and cysto-ventricle shunting was realized. This was followed by a septum pellucidum fenestration. There were no complications during the surgery and the patient presented no symptoms at time of discharge. CONCLUSIONS. The neuroendoscopic approach to intraventricular arachnoid cysts was effective with few complications. PMID:23799598

Rico-Cotelo, María; Diaz-Cabanas, Lucía; Allut, Alfredo G; Gelabert-Gonzalez, Miguel

2013-07-01

148

Bilateral Testicular Epidermoid Cysts  

PubMed Central

Testicular epidermoid cysts are the most common benign tumors of the testes, but account for only 1-2% of all testicular tumors. In a young man presenting with a testicular mass, a high index of suspicion must be maintained for the malignant testicular germ cell tumor, which is 50-times more common than testicular epidermoid cyst. Bilateral testicular epidermoid cysts are a very rare condition, with only a few reports in the literature. It is extremely important in this condition to make a correct pre-operative diagnosis on imaging to enable a testis-sparing surgery. PMID:21915385

Loberant, Norman; Bhatt, Shweta; Messing, Edward; Dogra, Vikram S.

2011-01-01

149

Hemorrhagic lumbar synovial cyst.  

PubMed

Synovial cysts of the lumbar spine are an uncommon cause of back and radicular pain. These cysts most frequently present as back pain, followed by chronic progressive radiculopathy or gradual onset of symptoms secondary to spinal canal compromise. Although less common, they can also present with acute spinal cord or root compression symptoms. We report of a case in which hemorrhaging into a right L2-3 facet synovial cyst caused an acute onset of back pain and radiculopathy, requiring surgical excision. PMID:23346333

Park, Hyun Seok; Sim, Hong Bo; Kwon, Soon Chan; Park, Jun Bum

2012-12-01

150

Hemorrhagic Lumbar Synovial Cyst  

PubMed Central

Synovial cysts of the lumbar spine are an uncommon cause of back and radicular pain. These cysts most frequently present as back pain, followed by chronic progressive radiculopathy or gradual onset of symptoms secondary to spinal canal compromise. Although less common, they can also present with acute spinal cord or root compression symptoms. We report of a case in which hemorrhaging into a right L2-3 facet synovial cyst caused an acute onset of back pain and radiculopathy, requiring surgical excision. PMID:23346333

Park, Hyun Seok; Kwon, Soon Chan; Park, Jun Bum

2012-01-01

151

Clinical Analysis of Microscopic Removal of Discal Cyst  

PubMed Central

Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical presentation and surgical outcome in patients with symptomatic discal cyst. Methods The authors reviewed consequent 9 patients in whom microscopic excision of the discal cyst with or without additional discectomy for discal cyst from 2005 to 2012. Diagnostic imagings including simple radiographs, computed tomography with discogram and magnetic resonance images were performed in each case. The patients were reviewed to evaluate the clinical presentation, surgical outcome and related complications. Results In all patients, discal cyst was located in the lumbar region and they presented with back pain and unilateral radiating pain. The preoperative magnetic resonance images (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) scan with discogram showed a connection between the cyst and the involved intervertebral disc. All patients obtained immediate relief of symptoms after microscopic excision of discal cyst. There were no recurrent lesions during follow-up period. The mean preoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) was 7.8 when compared with 2.6 in preoperative assessment. All patients obtained excellent or good outcome according to modified MacNab's criteria. Conclusion Discal cysts are rare lesions that can lead to back pain and refractory sciatica. Microscopic excision of the cyst can achieve remarkable improvement of symptoms. PMID:24757460

Wang, Eui Seok; Lee, Chul Gab; Kim, Yun Sung; Kim, Dong Min

2013-01-01

152

Three kinds of cysts in the same patient  

PubMed Central

An 18-year-old male patient presented with a swelling in the neck with presumptive diagnosis of epidermal cyst (EC) that was enucleated, histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis. Four years later the patient presented with another swelling with similar clinical features. It was located on the midline of the neck at the hyoid bone. Excision of cyst was done and microscopically it showed features of thyroglossal duct cyst (TDC). Two months later a new swelling was noted on the right side of the neck. A complete surgical excision was done and the lesion was diagnosed as a lymphoepithelial cyst. The purpose of this report was to analyze each of the entities that were present in this case; since, the presence of three different cervical cystic lesions in the same patient is uncommon. PMID:24574682

Garcia-Cortes, JO; Reyes-Macias, JF; Loyola-Rodriguez, JP; Patino-Marin, N

2013-01-01

153

Glandular odontogenic cyst in maxilla: A case report and literature review  

PubMed Central

Glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) is an uncommon jaw bone cyst of odontogenic origin described in 1987 by Gardner et al. It is a cyst having an unpredictable and potentially aggressive behavior. The increased recurrence rate can be due to its multilocularity and incomplete removal of the lining following conservative treatment. Clinically, the most common site of occurrence is the anterior region of mandible. GOC has a slight male predilection and occurs primarily in middle-aged patients. This article presents a case of glandular odontogenic cyst in a 30-year-old female patient in the posterior region of the maxilla, which is quite rare.

Purohit, Sharad; Shah, Vandana; Bhakhar, Vikas; Harsh, Ashutosh

2014-01-01

154

Rotifers ingest Giardia cysts.  

PubMed

Seven species of rotifers representing 6 genera, Epiphanes, Plationus, Asplanchna, Philodina species A, Philodina species B. Platyias, and Brachionus, were exposed to Giardia cysts isolated from the feces of experimentally infected holstein calves. Giardia cysts were prestained with a fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated monoclonal antibody and mixed with viable rotifers on 3-well Teflon-coated microscope slides. Organisms were observed with phase-contrast, differential interference contrast, and fluorescence microscopy. Five rotifer species, Epiphanes brachionus, Plationus patulus, Philodina (both A and B), and Platyias quadricornis, ingested varying numbers of cysts, which were retained within the rotifers' bodies throughout the observation period. Rotifer ingestion of Giardia cysts may represent a means of reducing water contamination. PMID:12435156

Trout, J M; Walsh, E J; Fayer, R

2002-10-01

155

Abuse-a-Cyst  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners examine how brine shrimp populations can survive in some of the harshest environments. Learners subject brine shrimp cysts to extreme conditions to evaluate the hardiness of these creatures.

Utah, University O.

2009-01-01

156

Cervical thymic cysts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thymic cysts are rare embryonic remnants along the course of thymic migration in the neck or the anterior mediastinum which\\u000a may result in cervical masses in children, often misdiagnosed. We present the experience gained by three European tertiary\\u000a care medical centers in the treatment of thymic cysts as well as the current data on the embryology, clinical presentation,\\u000a diagnosis and

Bruno Cigliano; Nikolaos Baltogiannis; Marianna De Marco; Elsa Faviou; Dimitrios Antoniou; Ugo De Luca; Michail Soutis; Alesandro Settimi

2007-01-01

157

Lacrimal duct cyst abscess.  

PubMed

Abstract Cystic dilatation within the lacrimal gland is thought to be related to chronic inflammation and scarring of the lacrimal gland ductules. We review the literature and discuss a case and of lacrimal duct cyst suppuration presenting with visual loss, external ophthalmoplegia, proptosis and ptosis. To our knowledge, only one other report of a lacrimal ductal cyst abscess has been reported in the literature so far. PMID:25208223

Dharmasena, Aruna; Sobajo, Cassandra; Irion, Luciane; Ataullah, Sajid

2014-12-01

158

Ciliated hepatic foregut cyst  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ciliated hepatic foregut cyst is a rare, benign, most often solitary and unilocular, rarely multilocular cyst made up of a\\u000a ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium, a subepitheial connective tissue layer, a smooth muscle layer and an outer\\u000a fibrous capsule. The lesion is usually found incidentally by ultrasonography, during surgical exploration or autopsy. Recent\\u000a publications characterizes of its fine needle aspiration biopsy

Barna Bogner; Géza Hegedûs

2002-01-01

159

Periscapular bronchogenic cyst  

Microsoft Academic Search

Periscapular location of bronchogenic cysts is extremely rare with four cases reported in literature. We report a relatively\\u000a late presentation in a ten-year-old boy that was clinically mistaken for a typical sebaceous cyst. The definitive treatment\\u000a is total excision after preoperative imaging to detect the occassional intrathoracic extension. Histologically they are lined\\u000a by pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium, which can rarely

K. Das; P. B. Jackson; A. J. D’Cruz

2003-01-01

160

Trace element diffusivities in bone rule out simple diffusive uptake during fossilization but explain in vivo uptake and release  

PubMed Central

Diffusion rates of numerous trace elements in bone at 20 °C were determined using laser-ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry analysis of experimentally induced diffusion profiles. Diffusivities are about 1 order of magnitude slower than current semiquantitative geochemical views and about 1.5 orders of magnitude faster than indirect radiotracer estimates. Intrabone volume diffusion is too slow and too similar among many elements to explain trace element profiles in young fossils and archeological materials. Diffusivity differences among elements do, however, explain disparate biokinetic washout of Sr vs. Ba and of light vs. heavy rare earth elements (REEs). These results improve the understanding of the physical principles underlying biokinetic models and rates and mechanisms of trace element alteration of phosphatic tissues in paleontological, archeological, and crystal-chemical contexts. Recrystallization and transport limitations in soils explain trace element profiles in young fossils better than intrabone volume diffusion alone and imply that diffusion of REE and other trivalent cations is likely controlled by a common charge–compensating species rather than ionic radii or partition coefficients. PMID:23267089

Kohn, Matthew J.; Moses, Randolph J.

2013-01-01

161

[Sciatica in a Tunisian teenager: pelvic hydatid cyst].  

PubMed

The purpose of this report is to describe the case of a 13-year-old boy presenting typical sciatica leading to the discovery of primary pelvic hydatid cyst extending to the ischiatic bone. Diagnosis was suspected based on echography and magnetic resonance imaging and confirmed by surgical exploration. PMID:21585104

Mizouni, H; Mrabet, D; Babay, N; Sahli, H; Meddeb, N; Sellami, S; Mnif, E

2011-02-01

162

Common Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMP-8, -9, -25, and -26) Cannot Explain Dentigerous Cyst Expansion  

PubMed Central

Objective: Mechanisms of the dentigerous cyst formation from the normal eruption follicle is unknown but disturbances in the proteolytic activity have been suspected, since the growth of these cysts is accompanied by local bone destruction. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) in human dental dentigerous cysts and healthy dental follicles. Materials and Methods: We studied 10 patients with dentigerous cysts and 10 healthy dental follicles from the lower jaw in respect to their immunoexpression of MMPs -8, -9, -25, and -26 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases -1 (TIMP-1). Results: MMP-8 was expressed slightly more in cyst epithelium than in odontogenic epithelium of healthy controls dental follicle but the difference lacked statistical difference. Other MMPs and TIMP-1 did not differ regarding the studied specimens. Conclusion: Differences in MMP expression cannot solely explain the cyst expansion suggesting the potential involvement of other osteolytic mechanisms. PMID:25386530

Lehtonen, Niko; Färkkilä, Esa; Hietanen, Jarkko; Teronen, Olli; Sorsa, Timo; Hagström, Jaana

2014-01-01

163

Multilocular disseminated tarlov cysts: importance of imaging.  

PubMed

With technological advancements and wider availability of multimodality imaging, incidental lesions are frequently identified in patients undergoing various imaging studies. We report here a case of multiloculated disseminated perineural or Tarlov cysts (TCs). The primary aim of our study was to (1) provide a comprehensive review of the clinical, imaging and histopathological features of TCs (2) to draw attention to the fact that multiple lumbo-sacral and dorsal TCs can produce nerve injuries and serious movement disturbances (3) to document the usefulness of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and bone scan in noninvasive diagnosis and guiding management in such cases. These cysts are clearly identified by MR and computerized tomography imaging of the lumbosacral spine. However, there are no reports on the scintigraphic findings of TCs in literature. TCs are typically benign, asymptomatic lesions that can simply be monitored. Until date, no consensus exists about the best surgical strategy to be followed for their management. PMID:25191117

Padma, Subramanyam; Sundaram, P Shanmuga

2014-01-01

164

Apical Cyst Theory: a Missing Link  

PubMed Central

Introduction The mechanism of the formation of apical cyst has been elusive. Several theories have long been proposed and discussed speculating how an apical cyst is developed and formed in the jaw bone resulting from endododontic infection. Two popular theories are the nutritional deficiency theory and the abscess theory. The nutritional deficiency theory assumes that the over proliferated epithelial cells will form a ball mass such that the cells in the center of the mass will be deprived of nutrition. The abscess theory postulates that when an abscess cavity is formed in connective tissue, epithelial cells proliferate and line the preexisting cavity because of their inherent tendency to cover exposed connective tissue surfaces. Based on the nature of epithelial cells and the epithelium, nutritional theory is a fairy tale, while abscess theory at best just indicates that abscess may be one of the factors that allows the stratified epithelium to form but not to explain a mechanism that makes the cyst to form. The hypothesis Apical cyst formation is the result of proliferation of resting epithelial cells, due to inflammation, to a sufficient number such that they are able to form a polarized and stratified epithelial lining against dead tissues or foreign materials. These stratified epithelial lining expands along the dead tissue or foreign materials and eventually wrap around them as a spherical sac, i.e. a cyst. The space in the sac is considered the external environment separating the internal (tissue) environment – the natural function of epithelium. Evaluation of the hypothesis This theory may be tested by introducing a biodegradable device able to slowly release epithelial cell mitogens in an in vivo environment implanted with epithelial cells next to a foreign object. This will allow the cells to continuously proliferate which may form a cystic sac wrapping around the foreign object.

Huang, George T.-J.

2012-01-01

165

Spinal perineurial and meningeal cysts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perineurial cysts may be responsible for clinical symptoms and a cure effected by their removal. They do not fill on initial myelography but may fill with Pantopaque some time, days or weeks, after Pantopaque has been instilled into the subarachnoid space. Perineurial cysts arise at the site of the posterior root ganglion. The cyst wall is composed of neural tissue.

I. M. Tarlov

1970-01-01

166

Subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis (mycotic cyst).  

PubMed

Phaeohyphomycosis designates fungal infections caused by pheoid or melanized fungi and characterized histopathologically by the presence of septate hyphae, pseudohyphae, and yeasts. Etiologic agents include Exophiala, Phoma, Bipolaris, Phialophora, Colletotrichum, Curvularia, Alternaria, Exserohilum, and Phialemonium sp. The most common are Exophiala jeanselmei and Wangiella dermatitidis. The clinical presentation depends on the immune status of the host: superficial (tinea nigra and black piedra); cutaneous (scytalidiosis) and corneal; subcutaneous (mycotic cyst); and systemic phaeohyphomycosis in the immunocompromised host. The mycotic cyst is a localized form, characterized by subcutaneous asymptomatic nodular lesions that develop after traumatic implantation of fungi, especially on the extremities. The average size of the cysts is 2.5 cm. KOH examination reveals pigmented yeasts, pseudohyphae, and hyphae. A cutaneous biopsy specimen usually shows an abscess or a suppurative granuloma with pigmented yeasts and pseudohyphae. The treatment of choice is surgical excision, but additional anti-fungal therapy is recommended for recurrent cases and immunocompromised patients. PMID:22682192

Isa-Isa, Rafael; García, Carlos; Isa, Mariel; Arenas, Roberto

2012-01-01

167

Bilateral lambdoid dermoid cyst.  

PubMed

Generally, dermoid and epidermoid cysts arise as a result of incomplete separation of the neuroectoderm from the superficial ectoderm with displacement of ectodermal elements along their lines of fusion during development. Dermoid cysts of the posterior head are rare lesions composed of epidermal and mesodermal elements. Furthermore, dermoid cysts in the occipital area are extremely rare. The presence of synchronous, bilateral occipital dermoids is quite rare and has not been reported previously. A unique case of lambdoidal dermoids in a 75-year-old woman is presented. Large right lesion was excised concurrently through direct skin incision, and a very small left mass was observed. And the etiology, natural history, management, and prognosis of dermoids are reviewed. PMID:24978680

Choi, Hwan Jun

2014-07-01

168

Giant intraabdominal endometrial cyst.  

PubMed

Endometriosis is the condition where endometrium gets implanted and flourishes outside the uterine cavity, most commonly in ovary and on the peritoneum which lines the abdominal cavity and viscera. Endometrial cells in areas outside the uterus are influenced by hormonal changes and respond in a way similar to the endometrium inside the uterus. Symptoms often worsen with the menstrual cycle. We present a case of 50 years old female who presented with gross abdominal distension and abdominal pain over years. CT scan showed a huge intraabdominal cyst of unknown origin which was compressing adjacent structures. Patient underwent a high risk operation and whole cyst weighing 214 kg (471 lbs) was removed along with both ovaries and uterus. Histopathologically, it was reported as endometrial cyst. PMID:24953922

Shah, Azhar Ali; Soomro, Niaz Ahmed; Talib, Rabender Kumar; Sadhayo, Asif Nabi; Soomro, Suhail Ahmed

2014-06-01

169

Spontaneous thoracic duct cyst.  

PubMed

Spontaneous and asymptomatic supraclavicular thoracic duct cysts (lymphoceles ) are rare. Only five cases have been reported so far. They are more common after surgery or trauma and have been reported in the abdomen, mediastinum, pelvis and neck. They must be differentiated from other neck cysts as failure to recognise their attachment may result in the disastrous consequence of chylothorax. A high index of suspicion is necessary, and diagnosis usually can be established by fine-needle aspiration and suitable imaging. This case is reported along with a review of the literature and management options, including that of inadvertent damage to the thoracic duct. PMID:12750920

Ray, J; Braithwaite, D; Patel, P J

2003-05-01

170

Bone hydatid disease  

PubMed Central

Bone hydatid disease lacks a typical clinical appearance and image characteristics on x ray or CT are similar to those of tuberculosis, metastases and giant cell tumour or bone cysts. However, MRI does show distinctive diagnostic features of bone hydatid disease, especially in the spine. Until recently, treatment of osseous hydatid disease has been entirely surgical. Effective chemotherapy using benzimidazoles, particularly mebendazole, albendazole and combination treatments, has now been achieved in experimental studies and clinical practice. However, most of these drugs are still in the experimental stage or are in the early stages of clinical use. PMID:17675547

Song, X H; Ding, L W

2007-01-01

171

[Scintigraphic pattern in a case of Tarlov cyst].  

PubMed

We report the case of a 40-year-old man remitted to our department with a history of lower back pain and sciatica with no history of trauma. The laboratory analyses showed normal values whereas plain radiographs showed a sacrum rarefaction area. A 99mTc-MDP bone scintigraphy was performed to evaluate the lumbosacral area. Planar images did not show any abnormality. SPECT images revealed photopenic abnormality in the second sacral vertebral right hemibody, with no peripherally increased radiotracer accumulation. Subsequent MRI and CT myelography demonstrated the nature of the photopenic area as secondary to vertebral erosion by sacral perineurial cyst (Tarlov cyst). PMID:10758434

Infante, J R; González, F M; Vallejo, J A; Torres-Avisbal, M; Pacheco, M C; Contreras, P; Arias, M C; Latre, J M

2000-02-01

172

Dermoid Cyst in Undescended Testis in a 9YearOld Boy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Testicular dermoid cysts are rare in the pediatric age group: their discovery in an undescended testis is exceptional. The origin of this lesion is still unclear, but it should be considered as a monolayer expression of a mature teratoma. Though surgeons when confronted with these intratesticular cysts have traditionally opted for castration, in presence of small, compact masses, simple enucleation

Giuseppe Broggi; Claudio Appetito; Luciano di Leone; Guido Ciprandi; Paolo Menichella; Marco Broggi; Renata Boldrini; Antonio Zaccara

1991-01-01

173

Symptomatic sacral perineurial (Tarlov) cysts.  

PubMed

Sacral perineurial (Tarlov) cysts are rare lesions. Over a seven year period 4000 patients underwent surgery for lumbar disk herniation. In three patients neurological symptoms were caused by large sacral perineurial cysts. Methods of choice for diagnosis of Tarlov cysts are lumbosacral magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography myelography. The majority of Tarlov cysts are asymptomatic. In case of large (> or = 1.5 cm) and symptomatic perineurial cyst, as in three patients reported in this article, microsurgical treatment was successful. Although rare, perineurial (Tarlov) cysts must be taken into consideration when approaching to patient with low back and radicular pain. Authors review the medical literature, pathological and pathophysiological features and treatment options of sacral perineurial cysts. PMID:20102100

Sajko, Tomislav; Kova?, Damir; Kudeli?, Nenad; Kovac, Lana

2009-12-01

174

Iatrogenic Intraspinal Epidermoid Cyst  

PubMed Central

Epidermoid cyst is generally regarded as congenital disease, and commonly related to other congenital spinal anomalies. However, it also develops iatrogenically. We report one rare case of epidermoid cyst that we experineced among intradural extramedullary tumors. A 21-year-old female patient was admitted to the hospital due to low back pain with radiating pain into a right lower extremity that initiated about a month ago. She complained sensory lose and motor weakness (grade 4+) on her right extremity as well as urinary dysfunction and sphincter dysfunction. She had a lumbar puncture three times due to Pneumococcal meningitis when she was 13 years old. The well-circumscribed intradural extramedullary mass of 1.8×1.6×4 cm size was found on the L4-5 in a magnetic resonance image. Gross total tumor removal was garried out after the total laminectomy L5 and partial laminectomy L4. The tumor mass was gray-colored and so fragile that it was easy to be removed. The histological diagnosis confirmed epidermoid cyst without malignancy. After the operation, the patient progressively showed remarkable neurological recovery. In this case, the cause of epidermoid cyst is considered iatrogenic concerning history of several times of lumbar puncture as meningitis.

Park, Min Ho; Moon, Jae Gon; Kim, Chang Hyun; Lee, Ho Kook

2014-01-01

175

Hatch-a-Cyst  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is the optimal environment for hatching brine shrimp? Using a scaffold, learners design and conduct experiments testing the effect of a single abiotic factor on brine shrimp cyst hatch rate. Pool results from the group to determine the optimal environment for hatching these resilient organisms.

Utah, University O.

2009-01-01

176

Ventral intradural endodermal cyst in the cervical spine treated with anterior corpectomy--case report.  

PubMed

A 14-year-old girl who presented with an endodermal cyst manifesting as severe neck and shoulder pain along with vesicorectal disturbances. Cervical magnetic resonance imaging showed a slightly enhanced intradural cyst at the C6-7 level in the ventral side of the spinal canal, with significant dorsal shortening and thinning of the spinal cord. Anterior corpectomy was chosen because of the dorsal effacement of the spinal cord. The cyst wall was subtotally removed to avoid damage to the normal spinal cord. After cyst removal, the iliac bone and an anterior cervical plate were used for anterior fusion. Postoperatively, her pain subsided without neurological deficits. The histological diagnosis was endodermal cyst. The cyst did not recur during a follow-up period of 18 months. Endodermal cysts are rare congenital lesions of the spine lined by endodermal epithelium. The natural history of this lesion is unclear, and the surgical strategy for the approach route and the extent of removal of the cyst wall remain controversial. We suggest that the anterior approach may allow a safer and more effective surgical route for the treatment of ventrally located endodermal cyst compared to the posterior approach. PMID:22198113

Ito, Kiyoshi; Aoyama, Tetsuro; Kiuchi, Takashi; Okada, Maki; Kanaya, Kohei; Muraoka, Hisashi; Horiuchi, Tetsuyoshi; Hongo, Kazuhiro

2011-01-01

177

Precocious pseudopuberty due to an autonomous ovarian follicular cyst: case report with a review of literatures  

PubMed Central

Background Small follicular cysts are commonly found in the ovaries of prepubertal girls, and in most cases, they are of no clinical importance. These cysts are usually self-limiting and resolve spontaneously. However, occasionally, these cysts may enlarge and continue to produce estrogen, resulting in signs of sexual precocity. Here, we report a case of precocious pseudopuberty associated with an autonomous ovarian follicular cyst. Case presentation A 5.9-year-old girl initially presented to a local clinic with vaginal bleeding and a large unilateral ovarian cyst. At 6 months after the initial acute episode, the patient visited our hospital as the ovarian cyst had persisted and increased in size. Endocrinological examination showed elevated estrogen levels and suppressed gonadotropin levels on GnRH stimulation test. Also, no skin pigmentation or bone anomaly was noted. Based on these observations, laparoscopic cystectomy was performed, and histologic analysis confirmed the diagnosis of a follicular cyst. After the laparoscopic cystectomy, the patient’s hormone levels returned to normal and no ovarian cyst was detected by ultrasound. Conclusions As autonomous ovarian cysts are usually self-limiting disorder, no treatment is necessary. Therefore, surgical management should be deferred as long as possible to avoid the risk of repeat surgery, as pseudoprecocious puberty due to autonomous ovarian cysts can resolve spontaneoulsy and frequently recurs. Precocious pseudopuberty with an ovarian cyst may be due to granulosa cell tumor or may be one symptom of the McCune-Albright Syndrome (MAS). A careful longer-term follow up of patients with autonomous ovarian cysts and/or molecular studies may be necessary in such cases. PMID:23937919

2013-01-01

178

Calretinin expression in odontogenic cysts.  

PubMed

Calretinin is a calcium-binding protein with a possible role as a calcium buffer, calcium-sensor, or regulator of apoptosis. Calretinin is expressed in neural tissue, is a specific marker of mesothelial cells, and has been demonstrated in the odontogenic epithelium during odontogenesis in rat molar tooth germs. Moreover, it has been found to be expressed in a high proportion of solid, unicystic, and multicystic ameloblastomas, whereas, on the contrary, no positive staining has been found in odontogenic keratocysts, residual cysts, and dentigerous cysts. The purpose of this study was to evaluate calretinin expression in radicular cysts, follicular cysts, orthokeratinized keratocysts, and parakeratinized keratocysts. A total of 70 odontogenic cysts, 24 radicular cysts, 24 follicular cysts, and 22 odontogenic keratocysts (10 orthokeratinized keratocysts, 12 parakeratinized keratocysts) were evaluated. All the radicular cysts, follicular cysts, and orthokeratinized keratocysts were negative. However in 8 of 12 parakeratinized keratocysts, there was a positivity to calretinin in the parabasal-intermediate layers of the cyst epithelium. This positivity to calretinin in the parabasal layers in parakeratinized keratocysts, similar to that found for other markers like PCNA and p53, could point to an abnormal control of the cell cycle and could help to explain the differences in the clinical and pathologic behavior of odontogenic keratocysts, in particular the differences found between orthokeratinized keratocysts and parakeratinized keratocysts. PMID:12814222

Piattelli, Adriano; Fioroni, Massimiliano; Iezzi, Giovanna; Rubini, Corrado

2003-06-01

179

Spatial and temporal variability of Alexandrium cyst fluxes in the Gulf of Maine: Relationship to seasonal particle export and resuspension  

PubMed Central

Quantification of Alexandrium cyst fluxes through the Gulf of Maine water column is central to understanding the linkage between the source and fate of annual Alexandrium blooms in the offshore waters. These blooms often lead to paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) and extensive closures of shellfish beds. We report here on time-series sediment trap deployments completed at four offshore locations in the gulf between 2005 and 2010 as components of two ECOHAB–GOM field programs. Data presented documents the substantial spatial and temporal fluctuations in Alexandrium fundyense cyst fluxes in the gulf. Cyst delivery out of the euphotic zone peaked primarily between July and August following annual spring–summer Alexandrium blooms and was greatest in the western gulf. At all sites, cyst flux maxima to the subsurface waters were rarely coincident with seasonal peaks in the total mass export of particulate material indicating that cyst delivery was primarily via individually sinking cysts. Where persistent benthic nepheloid layers (BNLs) exist, significant sediment resuspension input of cysts to the near-bottom water column was evidenced by deep cyst fluxes that were up to several orders of magnitude greater than that measured above the BNL. The largest cyst fluxes in the BNL were observed in the eastern gulf, suggesting greater resuspension energy and BNL cyst inventories in this region. Temporal similarities between peak cyst export out of the upper ocean and peak cyst fluxes in the BNL were observed and document the contribution of seasonal, newly formed cysts to the BNL. The data however also suggest that many Alexandrium cells comprising the massive, short-lived blooms do not transition into cysts. Time-series flow measurements and a simple 1D model demonstrate that the BNL cyst fluxes reflect the combined effects of tidal energy-maintained resuspension, deposition, and input of cysts from the overlying water column.

Pilskaln, C.H.; Anderson, D.M.; McGillicuddy, D.J.; Keafer, B.A.; Hayashi, K.; Norton, K.

2014-01-01

180

Spatial and temporal variability of Alexandrium cyst fluxes in the Gulf of Maine: Relationship to seasonal particle export and resuspension  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantification of Alexandrium cyst fluxes through the Gulf of Maine water column is central to understanding the linkage between the source and fate of annual Alexandrium blooms in the offshore waters. These blooms often lead to paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) and extensive closures of shellfish beds. We report here on time-series sediment trap deployments completed at four offshore locations in the gulf between 2005 and 2010 as components of two ECOHAB-GOM field programs. Data presented documents the substantial spatial and temporal fluctuations in Alexandrium fundyense cyst fluxes in the gulf. Cyst delivery out of the euphotic zone peaked primarily between July and August following annual spring-summer Alexandrium blooms and was greatest in the western gulf. At all sites, cyst flux maxima to the subsurface waters were rarely coincident with seasonal peaks in the total mass export of particulate material indicating that cyst delivery was primarily via individually sinking cysts. Where persistent benthic nepheloid layers (BNLs) exist, significant sediment resuspension input of cysts to the near-bottom water column was evidenced by deep cyst fluxes that were up to several orders of magnitude greater than that measured above the BNL. The largest cyst fluxes in the BNL were observed in the eastern gulf, suggesting greater resuspension energy and BNL cyst inventories in this region. Temporal similarities between peak cyst export out of the upper ocean and peak cyst fluxes in the BNL were observed and document the contribution of seasonal, newly formed cysts to the BNL. The data however also suggest that many Alexandrium cells comprising the massive, short-lived blooms do not transition into cysts. Time-series flow measurements and a simple 1D model demonstrate that the BNL cyst fluxes reflect the combined effects of tidal energy-maintained resuspension, deposition, and input of cysts from the overlying water column.

Pilskaln, C. H.; Anderson, D. M.; McGillicuddy, D. J.; Keafer, B. A.; Hayashi, K.; Norton, K.

2014-05-01

181

An atypically located large subchondral cyst in an osteoarthritic hip joint: a case report  

PubMed Central

Introduction Osteoarthritic subchondral cysts within or around the hip joint can sometimes be difficult to distinguish from primary osseous and soft tissue tumors due to their radiological appearance and uncommon location. Case presentation We report the case of a 74-year-old Turkish man with a subchondral cyst arising from the hip joint, eroding the acetabulum and located on the medial side of the iliac bone, which imitated a soft tissue tumor. This cystic lesion was resected and the results of histopathological analysis of tissue samples were found to be consistent with an osteoarthritic cyst. Conclusions The present case illustrates how an osteoarthritic subchondral cyst can grow into the soft tissue planes in the presence of destruction of the articular cartilage and subchondral bone continuity, and present as an apparent soft tissue tumor. PMID:23829963

2013-01-01

182

Primary axillary hydatid cyst.  

PubMed

Echinococcosis (hydatid disease) is a zoonosis caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus (or Taenia echinococcus). The adult form of the parasite lives in the gut of the dog, while the intermediate hosts, where the tapeworm develops to larval stage are cats, cattle, pigs and humans(considered to be accidental intermediate hosts). The parasite has a worldwide distribution, but the endemic areas are Canada and Alaska, Australia, New Zealand, South America and the Mediterranean region. Hydatid cyst can grow many years before the symptoms and clinical signs appear. The liver and the lungs are the most affected organs, but primary location of the hydatid disease in the axilla is extremely rare. In our country we did not find any records of axillary hydatid disease, while the literature contains only 12 cases of axillary location. We present the case of a woman, 60 years old, with a primary axillary location of hydatid cyst, who underwent a total cystectomy. PMID:25149625

Mercu?, D; Andri?oiu, A; Tra?c?, Et; Silo?i, C; Resceanu, A; Mercu?, R

2014-01-01

183

Intraspinal Ganglion Cyst  

PubMed Central

The pathogenesis of juxtafacet cysts is closely related to degenerative instability of the lumbar spine and degenerative changes in the ligamentum flavum and the facet joint. A 56-year-old man presented with severe right thigh pain and numbness for 1 month after a laminar fracture of the L4 spine. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a heterogenous cystic mass surrounding the facet joint between the fourth and fifth lumbar vertebrae on the right side. Conservative therapy was unsuccessful and the lesion was removed by surgical decompression alone without fusion. The histological examination showed a fragmented, cystic wall-like structure composed of myxoid degenerative tissue without lining epithelium. Here we present this case of a ganglion cyst that appeared to be associated with facet joint instability. PMID:23323226

Mun, Jong Hyeon; Lim, Byung Chan; Lim, Jun Seob; Cho, Kyu Yong

2012-01-01

184

Intraspinal ganglion cyst.  

PubMed

The pathogenesis of juxtafacet cysts is closely related to degenerative instability of the lumbar spine and degenerative changes in the ligamentum flavum and the facet joint. A 56-year-old man presented with severe right thigh pain and numbness for 1 month after a laminar fracture of the L4 spine. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a heterogenous cystic mass surrounding the facet joint between the fourth and fifth lumbar vertebrae on the right side. Conservative therapy was unsuccessful and the lesion was removed by surgical decompression alone without fusion. The histological examination showed a fragmented, cystic wall-like structure composed of myxoid degenerative tissue without lining epithelium. Here we present this case of a ganglion cyst that appeared to be associated with facet joint instability. PMID:23323226

Mun, Jong Hyeon; Lee, Rae Seop; Lim, Byung Chan; Lim, Jun Seob; Cho, Kyu Yong

2012-12-01

185

Large Osteoarthritic Cyst Presenting as Soft Tissue Tumour - A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Large osteoarthritic cysts can sometimes be difficult to distinguish from primary osseous and soft tissue tumours. We present such a case involving a cyst arising from the hip joint and eroding the acetabulum which presented as a soft tissue malignancy referred to a tertiary bone and soft tissue tumour centre. We discuss the diagnostic problems it may pose, and present a literature review of the subject. PMID:17535605

Kosuge, DD; Park, DH; Cannon, SR; Briggs, TW; Pollock, RC; Skinner, JA

2007-01-01

186

Cervical synovial cyst: case report.  

PubMed

A 47-year-old female school teacher with a six-week history of left-sided scapular and arm pain is presented. We report her evaluation and treatment Although lumbar degenerative synovial cysts have been reported over 200 times in the literature,6 cervical synovial cysts are much more rare. This case reports a cervicothoracic junction degenerative synovial cyst presenting as radiculopathy. PMID:22096444

Found, Ernest; Bewyer, Dennis

2011-01-01

187

[Mesenteric cysts (author's transl)].  

PubMed

Mesenteric cysts belong to the rare abdominal diseases. Histomorphologically, they are classified as cystic lymphangiomas. Even though most frequently localized in the mesentery of the small intestine, they can originate from any part of the abdominal cavity with two peritoneal linings. The content of the cysts is either serous or chylous possessing immunologic active proteins. This is demonstrated by its highly antibacterial activity. Whereas in children the onset of symptoms is acute due to intestinal obstruction, in adults it is mainly chronic abdominal pains without exact localisation and often in combination with a longstanding palpable tumour. In addition to routine procedure the diagnostics includes sonography, cavography and barium meal radiography of the stomach and intestines. In some cases, especially those with solid parts angiography and computer-tomography are of additional value. Surgery is the therapeutic method of choice. Preference is given to enucleation and resection with or without removal of part of the intestine corresponding to the mesentery baring the cyst. Drainage methods are of historical interest only. In our 9 cases (3 children and 6 adults) resection was performed in 7 and enucleation in 2 cases. The postoperative courses were uneventful. PMID:7269838

Pfeiffer, M; Lambrecht, W; de Heer, K

1981-01-01

188

Scintigraphic features of choledochal cyst  

SciTech Connect

The scintigraphic appearances of 12 surgically proven cases of choledochal cyst were retrospectively reviewed. In seven of 12 cases, radionuclide accumulated in the choledochal cyst (i.e., the dilated common bile duct) in less than 1 hr. In three additional cases, delayed accumulation (1-24 hr) within the cyst was seen. In two of the 12 cases, no ductal activity appeared and the diagnosis of choledochal cyst could not be made, although in one of these two cases delayed images were not obtained. Other frequent findings included delayed or nonvisualization of the gallbladder (11 of 12) and the appearance of prominent intrahepatic ducts (five of 12). We conclude that hepatobiliary scintigraphy is a noninvasive test useful in the diagnosis of choledochal cyst.

Camponovo, E.; Buck, J.L.; Drane, W.E.

1989-05-01

189

Popliteal cysts: a current review.  

PubMed

Baker's cyst, or popliteal cyst, is a fluid-filled mass that is a distention of a preexisting bursa in the popliteal fossa, most commonly the gastrocnemio-semimembranosus bursa. This bursa is unique in that it communicates with the knee joint, unlike other periarticular bursae, via an opening in the joint capsule posterior to the medial femoral condyle. Many have theorized that this opening creates a valve-like mechanism in the presence of effusion that contributes to the formation of these cysts in adults. Popliteal cysts rarely manifest alone and are most often found in conjunction with other intra-articular pathologies and inflammatory conditions, such as osteoarthritis, meniscus tears, and rheumatoid arthritis. In children, popliteal cysts are only occasionally associated with these conditions and are more often an incidental finding discovered during a routine physical examination. Popliteal cysts may present as either a chronically persistent or relapsing condition or as an acute and dramatic condition that can occur in the case of cyst rupture presenting as pseudothrombophlebitis. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging have proven to be consistent and accurate in the confirmation of popliteal cysts, with magnetic resonance imaging becoming the modern imaging modality of choice. This review discusses the anatomy and etiology of popliteal cysts, describes the common clinical presentations, reviews the differential diagnoses, and provides guidance for proper diagnostic imaging. It also provides a comparison of current conservative, minimally invasive, and invasive treatment options, along with a discussion of results. Postoperative rehabilitation depends largely on the condition associated with the popliteal cyst. PMID:25102502

Herman, Alyssa M; Marzo, John M

2014-08-01

190

Alternative filtration methods for removal of Giardia cysts and cyst models  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent occurrence of waterborne glardiasis outbreaks has spurred renewed interest in water filtration for cyst removal. Studies with cyst models and Giardia muris cysts suggest that properly operated water filtration plants should be able to remove a high percentage of G. lamblia cysts. For effective cyst removal, diatomaceous earth (DE) filters need 1.0 kg\\/m² diatomite precoat plus body feed,

Gary S. Logsdon; James M. Symons; Robert L. Hoye Jr.; Michael M. Arozarena

1981-01-01

191

Blake's pouch cyst  

PubMed Central

Background: In 1900, Joseph Blake described a transient posterior evagination of the tela choroidea of the fourth ventricle in the normal 130-day old human embryo. He was the first to recognize and fully elucidate on the real nature of the foramen of Magendie as an aperture, which develops within a saccular expansion of the embryonic fourth ventricular cavity. The persistence of this temporary fourth ventricular outpouching into the postnatal period and its significance either as separate entity or as an entity within the Dandy–Walker continuum has over the years been one of the most controversial topics in both neurosurgical and neuroradiological literature. Methods: A search of the medical literature was conducted for publications addressing the historical, embryological, and neuororadiological features as well as the clinical presentation and management of persistent Blake's pouch. Results: The literature on the various features of Blake's pouch cyst has limited areas of consensus between various authors. Conclusion: Blake's pouch cyst is a rare entity that is thought to belong to the Dandy–Walker continuum. It has a variable clinical presentation and when symptomatic can be treated with an endoscopic third ventriculostomy or shunting. PMID:25101207

Azab, Waleed A.; Shohoud, Sherien A.; Elmansoury, Tamer M.; Salaheddin, Waleed; Nasim, Khurram; Parwez, Aslam

2014-01-01

192

A rare case of recurring calcifying epithelial odontogenic cyst in the maxillary sinus: a case report and literature review.  

PubMed

Calcifying epithelial odontogenic cyst (CEOC) is an odontogenic cyst with epithelial lining. CEOC is a rare entity that occurs in a wide age range, does not show any gender predilection, and accounts for only 1% of all jaw cysts. The lesion generally occurs in the region anterior to maxillary and mandibular molars and either intraosseously or extraosseusly. This entity might present as a cystic or solid lesion. Enucleation is the recommended treatment for a simple, unicystic CEOC. A case of recurring CEOC in the right maxilla antrum is presented here. The patient presented to the authors after postsurgical recurrence. The case was evaluated thoroughly, and the cyst was resolved. PMID:24064174

Karun, Vinayak; Mishra, Amit Kumar; Saikhedkar, Rashmi

2013-01-01

193

Spinal perineurial and meningeal cysts  

PubMed Central

Perineurial cysts may be responsible for clinical symptoms and a cure effected by their removal. They do not fill on initial myelography but may fill with Pantopaque some time, days or weeks, after Pantopaque has been instilled into the subarachnoid space. Perineurial cysts arise at the site of the posterior root ganglion. The cyst wall is composed of neural tissue. When initial myelography fails to reveal an adequate cause for the patient's symptoms and signs referable to the caudal nerve roots, then about a millilitre of Pantopaque should be left in the canal for delayed myelography which may later reveal a sacral perineurial cyst or, occasionally, a meningeal cyst. Meningeal diverticula occur proximal to the posterior root ganglia and usually fill on initial myelography. They are in free communication with the subarachnoid space and are rarely in my experience responsible for clinical symptoms. Meningeal diverticula and meningeal cysts appear to represent a continuum. Pantopaque left in the subarachnoid space may convert a meningeal diverticulum into an expanding symptomatic meningeal cyst, as in the case described. Many cases described as perineurial cysts represent abnormally long arachnoidal prolongations over nerve roots or meningeal diverticula. In general, neither of the latter is of pathological significance. Perineurial, like meningeal cysts and diverticula, may be asymptomatic. They should be operated upon only if they produce progressive or disabling symptoms or signs clearly attributable to them. When myelography must be done, and this should be done only as a preliminary to a probable necessary operation, then patient effort should be made to remove the Pantopaque. Images PMID:5531903

Tarlov, I. M.

1970-01-01

194

[Tarlov cyst and symptomatic bladder disfuction].  

PubMed

Tarlov cysts or perineural cyst are lesions of the nerve roots located at the sacral level and uncertain aetiology. Most of these cysts remain asymptomatic with no clinical relevance. The symptomatic cysts are uncommon and the usual symptoms are pain or radiculopathy. We report the case of a 53-year-old woman witha symptomatic cyst (with a history of frequency and urgency syndrom), that disappears after surgery. PMID:19143297

Ruibal Moldes, M; Sánchez Rodríguez-Losada, J; López García, D; Casas Agudo, V; Janeiro País, J M; González Martín, M

2008-01-01

195

Simple Machines Made Simple.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Simple machines have become a lost point of study in elementary schools as teachers continue to have more material to cover. This manual provides hands-on, cooperative learning activities for grades three through eight concerning the six simple machines: wheel and axle, inclined plane, screw, pulley, wedge, and lever. Most activities can be…

St. Andre, Ralph E.

196

Pericardial cyst simulating intracardiac mass  

SciTech Connect

Although pericardial celomic or mesothelial cysts are infrequent mediastinal lesions, they represent the most common benign mass lesion of the pericardium. Most often they are located at the right cardiophrenic junction. As a rule, they are asymptomatic and are discovered incidentally on routine chest radiography. A symptomatic pericardial cyst is described in a patient with congestive cardiomyopathy, causing progressive atypical chest pain, dyspnea, and palpitation. On computer tomography (CT) and other imaging methods, the lesion simulated a cardiac mass. Thoracotomy revealed a large hemorrhagic pericardial celomic cyst compressing and displacing the heart and midmediastinal vasculature.

Patel, B.K.; Markivee, C.R.; George, E.A.

1983-08-01

197

Calcifying odontogenic cyst associated with an orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst.  

PubMed

Odontogenic tumors composed of two or more distinct types of lesions are unusual. In this paper, a case of an odontogenic lesion characterized by simultaneous occurrence of areas of calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) and orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst (OOC) is described. The lesion was asymptomatic and presented at the radiographic examination as a unilocular well-delimited radiolucency extending from left incisor to right premolar area in the mandible. To date, this is the first report of COC associated with an OOC. PMID:20614303

de Fátima Bernardes, Vanessa; de Lacerda, Júlio César Tanos; de Aguiar, Maria Cássia Ferreira; Gomez, Ricardo Santiago

2008-12-01

198

[Dental lamina as presumptive source of odontogenic cyst].  

PubMed

The possibility of the dental lamina as a source of odontogenic cyst was investigated. The mandibular first molar tooth germs with the dental lamina and surface oral epithelium were cut from 17.5-day-old C3H mouse embryos. The following 5 kinds of grafts were prepared: (I) recombinant of the dental lamina and dental papilla, (II) dental lamina, (III) dental papilla, (IV) recombinant of the oral epithelium and dental papilla and (V) oral epithelium. After the renal subcapsular transplantation to the 3-month-old syngenic male mice, each graft was harvested at timed sequences from 2 to 24 weeks and was examined histopathologically. The recombinant of the dental lamina and dental papilla (1) grew into a cyst lined by para-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium. The cyst enlarged gradually and might be compared to the odontogenic keratocyst of the human being. The recombinant of the oral epithelium and dental papilla (IV) and the oral epithelium (V) developed into a cyst lined by orthokeratinized stratified squamous epithelium which differed from the epithelium seen in Experiment (I). The dental papilla (III) grew to be a bone tissue while nothing developed from the dental lamina (II). These results suggest that the dental lamina is one of the sources of the odontogenic keratocyst and the dental papilla plays an important role in its histogenesis. PMID:2081936

Zhu, E

1990-12-01

199

[Cilia and renal cysts].  

PubMed

Advances in genomics, bioinformatics and the creation of model organisms have identified many genes associated with polycystic kidney diseases. Historically, these genes were not necessarily associated with ciliopathies, but it appeared that many connections can be made between the cystic kidney disease and function of the primary cilium. Indeed, the proteins encoded by these genes are localized to the cilium itself, to the basal body or are known to regulate the expression and localization of ciliary proteins. The goal of this article is to describe the multiple cellular processes that may lead to the development of renal cysts if they are deregulated. These include changes in proliferation rate, cell polarity or signaling pathways involved in embryonic kidney development. To highlight the role of the primary cilium in cystogenesis, I will discuss several studies investigating the function of ciliary genes and cilia in the kidneys of different model organisms. PMID:25388585

Paces-Fessy, Mélanie

2014-11-01

200

Lumbar intraspinal extradural ganglion cyst  

PubMed Central

A case is presented of an intraspinal extradural ganglion cyst at the L4–5 level. The clinical picture suggested a herniated nucleus pulposus at this level. A myelogram revealed a round lesion almost completely obstructing the flow of Pantopaque at the L4–5 level. A ganglion cyst with a haemorrhage into it and the surrounding tissue was removed, and surgery was followed by complete recovery. Images PMID:4647850

Brish, Adam; Payan, Hushong M.

1972-01-01

201

Retroperitoneal Bronchogenic Cyst: MRI Findings  

PubMed Central

The authors describe a case of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst in a 36-year-old female. She presented with abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. An MRI scan revealed an 8?cm cystic lesion in the left upper retroperitoneum, with intermediate signal on T2-weighted images, high signal on T1 weighted images, and lack of internal enhancement after gadolinium. After laparoscopic excision, the histology findings were compatible with a bronchogenic cyst, which is extremely uncommon in the retroperitoneum. PMID:24381777

Castro, R.; Oliveira, M. I.; Fernandes, T.; Madureira, A. J.

2013-01-01

202

Simple and sensitive method for quantification of fluorescent enzymatic mature and senescent crosslinks of collagen in bone hydrolysate using single-column high performance liquid chromatography  

Microsoft Academic Search

A rapid high performance liquid chromatographic method was developed including an internal standard for the measurement of mature and senescent crosslinks concentration in non-demineralized bone hydrolysates. To avoid the demineralization which is a tedious step, we developed a method based on the use of a solid-phase extraction procedure to clean-up the samples. It resulted in sensitive and accurate measurements: the

S. Viguet-Carrin; E. Gineyts; C. Bertholon; P. D. Delmas

2009-01-01

203

Stimulation of bone collagen and non-collagenous protein synthesis by products of 5- and 12-lipoxygenase: determination by use of a simple quantitative assay.  

PubMed

The influence of 5- and 12-lipoxygenase products on the rate of collagen and non-collagenous protein (NCP) synthesis by murine calvarial explants has been investigated using a new assay based on the resistance of native collagen to degradation by pepsin. The reproducibility and simplicity of this assay allows the quantitative estimation of the rate of bone formation in large numbers of cultures. Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs) stimulated both the rate of collagen and NCP synthesis with maximal stimulation occurring at 10-100 pM. All leukotrienes stimulated collagen synthesis. LTB4, C4 and D4 showed similar dose-responses with maximal activity occurring at 100 pM. LTE4 was less potent only showing activity at 1-10 nM. Only LTD4 demonstrated the capacity to stimulate NCP synthesis with significant stimulation being seen at 10 nM. The extreme sensitivity of bone collagen and NCP synthesis to lipoxygenase products suggests that these mediators may play a physiological role in bone remodelling. PMID:1326363

Meghji, S; Sandy, J R; Harvey, W; Henderson, B; Ali, N

1992-08-01

204

Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: a case report  

PubMed Central

Bronchogenic cysts are among developmental disorders of the primitive foregut which are typically found above the diaphragm. Bronchial cysts discovered in the abdominal cavity or retroperitoneum are extremely rare. We present a rare case of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst which was incidentally detected after a wrestling injury in a 23-year-old man who had a negative medical history. Although initial imaging studies suggested an adrenal tumor, histopathological analysis provided a definite diagnosis of bronchogenic cyst. Though rare, bronchogenic cysts must be considered in the differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal cystic lesions. This is the first case of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst reported in Iran.

Mirsadeghi, Ali; Farrokhi, Farid; Fazli-Shahri, Azadeh; Gholipour, Bahareh

2014-01-01

205

Aneurysmal cyst of soft tissue: Report of a case with serial magnetic resonance imaging and biopsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report a case of an extraosseous aneurysmal cyst arising in the left retroclavicular soft tissue of a 29-year-old woman. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan showed a solid lesion within soft tissue, abutting the clavicle without bone involvement. An incisional biopsy was interpreted as showing osteoclast rich nodular fasciitis with prominent vascularity. A second MRI 5 months later showed

P Shannon; Y Bedard; R Bell; R Kandel

1997-01-01

206

Multilocular disseminated Tarlov cysts: Importance of imaging and management options.  

PubMed

With technological advancements and wider availability of multimodality imaging, incidental lesions are frequently identified in patients undergoing various imaging studies. We report here a case of multiloculated disseminated perineural or Tarlov cysts (TCs). The primary aim of this case study was to (1) provide a comprehensive review of the clinical, imaging, and histopathological features of TCs (2) to draw attention to the fact that multiple lumbosacral and dorsal TCs can produce nerve injuries and serious movement disturbances, and (3) to document the usefulness of the magnetic resonance imaging and bone scan in non-invasive diagnosis and guiding management in such cases. These cysts are clearly identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomography imaging of the lumbosacral spine. However, there are no reports on the scintigraphic findings of multilocular disseminated TC in literature. TCs are typically benign, asymptomatic lesions that can simply be monitored. To date, no consensus exists about the best surgical strategy to use when indicated. PMID:23723584

Padma, Subramanyam; Palaniswamy, Shanmuga Sundaram

2012-04-01

207

A patient with pycnodysostosis presenting with seizures and porencephalic cysts  

PubMed Central

Pycnodysostosis is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the cysteine protease Cathepsin K gene located on chromosome 1q21. It has a well characterized skeletal phenotype which include short stature, generalized increased bone density with propensity of fractures, open calvarial sutures and fontanelle, dental abnormalities, obtuse mandibular angle, resorption of lateral end of clavicle, acro-osteolysis, and in some cases visceromegaly. Central nervous system involvement is very rare and porencephalic cysts has been reported only once, the cause being hypothesised to be an imbalance between the growing brain, its vascular supply and intraventricular fluid pressure. We had a patient with bilateral frontal lobe porencephalic cysts; the patient presenting with complex partial seizures. Cathepsins have been found to be involved in neurological diseases and role of proteases has been well established in gliosis. PMID:25002775

Kumar, Subhash

2014-01-01

208

Multilocular disseminated Tarlov cysts: Importance of imaging and management options  

PubMed Central

With technological advancements and wider availability of multimodality imaging, incidental lesions are frequently identified in patients undergoing various imaging studies. We report here a case of multiloculated disseminated perineural or Tarlov cysts (TCs). The primary aim of this case study was to (1) provide a comprehensive review of the clinical, imaging, and histopathological features of TCs (2) to draw attention to the fact that multiple lumbosacral and dorsal TCs can produce nerve injuries and serious movement disturbances, and (3) to document the usefulness of the magnetic resonance imaging and bone scan in non-invasive diagnosis and guiding management in such cases. These cysts are clearly identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomography imaging of the lumbosacral spine. However, there are no reports on the scintigraphic findings of multilocular disseminated TC in literature. TCs are typically benign, asymptomatic lesions that can simply be monitored. To date, no consensus exists about the best surgical strategy to use when indicated. PMID:23723584

Padma, Subramanyam; Palaniswamy, Shanmuga Sundaram

2012-01-01

209

Simple and sensitive method for quantification of fluorescent enzymatic mature and senescent crosslinks of collagen in bone hydrolysate using single-column high performance liquid chromatography.  

PubMed

A rapid high performance liquid chromatographic method was developed including an internal standard for the measurement of mature and senescent crosslinks concentration in non-demineralized bone hydrolysates. To avoid the demineralization which is a tedious step, we developed a method based on the use of a solid-phase extraction procedure to clean-up the samples. It resulted in sensitive and accurate measurements: the detection limits as low as 0.2 pmol for the pyridimium crosslinks and 0.02 pmol for the pentosidine. The inter- and intra-assay coefficients of variation were as low as 5% and 2%, respectively, for all crosslinks. PMID:19027371

Viguet-Carrin, S; Gineyts, E; Bertholon, C; Delmas, P D

2009-01-01

210

Vocal Cord Nodules, Polyps, and Cysts  

MedlinePLUS

... variety of shapes and sizes. Depending upon the nature of the polyp, it can cause a wide range of voice disturbances. Vocal Cord Cyst A vocal cord cyst is a firm mass of tissue contained within a membrane (sac). ...

211

A huge presacral Tarlov cyst. Case report.  

PubMed

Perineural cysts have become a common incidental finding during lumbosacral magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Only some of the symptomatic cysts warrant treatment. The authors describe the successful operative treatment of a patient with, to the best of their knowledge, the largest perineural cyst reported to date. A 29-year-old woman had been suffering from long-standing constipation and low-back pain. During an obstetric investigation for infertility, the clinician discovered a huge presacral cystic mass. Computed tomography myelography showed the lesion to be a huge Tarlov cyst arising from the left S-3 nerve root and compressing the ipsilateral S-2 nerve. The cyst was successfully treated by ligation of the cyst neck together with sectioning of the S-3 nerve root. Postoperative improvement in her symptoms and MR imaging findings were noted. Identification of the nerve root involved by the cyst wall, operative indication, operative procedure, and treatment of multiple cysts are important preoperative considerations. PMID:17688070

Ishii, Kazuhiko; Yuzurihara, Masahito; Asamoto, Shunji; Doi, Hiroshi; Kubota, Motoo

2007-08-01

212

Ganglion Cyst of the Wrist and Hand  

MedlinePLUS

... In many cases, the ganglion cyst returns a er an aspiration procedure. Aspiration procedures are most frequently ... nonsurgical methods, or if the ganglion returns a er aspiration. The procedure to remove a ganglion cyst ...

213

Mesothelial cyst with endometriosis mimicking a Nuck cyst  

PubMed Central

We report a case of mesothelial cyst protruding from the right femoral ring with suspected endometriosis in a 35-year-old woman, who complained of a lump with a diameter of 6 cm in the right inguinal region. Although she had the hormone therapy during the next 8 months for the diagnosis of extragenital endometriosis, her symptoms did not improve. The clinical suspicion of a Nuck cyst with endometriosis, supported by ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging, was confirmed by histopathological examination of the surgical specimen. Authors herein report this unusual case and review the literature. PMID:24973417

Uno, Yoshiko; Nakajima, Shintaro; Yano, Fumiaki; Eto, Ken; Omura, Nobuo; Yanaga, Katsuhiko

2014-01-01

214

Evaluation of Treatment for Removing Giardia Cysts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The removal of Giardia cysts by three small (0.01-to 0.57-mgd) treatment plants—one with conventional filtration, one with in-line filtration, and one with diatomaceous earth filtration— was studied. Turbidity and cyst removals for each were compared with those of parallel pilot filters (1 gpm) seeded with Giardia cysts and with and without optimization of chemical treatment. Cyst removal efficiencies ranged from

Jerry E. Ongerth

1990-01-01

215

Pigmented free-floating iris cysts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Free-floating iris cysts are rare. These cysts may be located in the vitreous or the anterior chamber. Anterior chamber cysts can be idiopathic or induced by trauma or surgery. Vitreous cysts may be associated with the remnants of the hyaloid system and therefore be congenital, or can result from trauma or ocular disease.Case 1: An 8-year-old girl presented for routine

Gurdeep Singh; Kalpana Narendran; Veerappan R Saravanan; V Narendran

2007-01-01

216

Symptomatic Tarlov Cyst Following Spontaneous Subarachnoid Hemorrhage  

PubMed Central

Most of Tarlov or perineurial cysts remain asymptomatic throughout the patient's life. The pathogenesis is still unclear. Hemorrhage has been suggested as one of the possible causes and trauma with resultant hemorrhage into subarachnoid space has been suggested as an origin of these cysts. However, Tarlov cysts related to spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage has not been reported. The authors report a case of Tarlov cyst which was symptomatic following spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage. PMID:22053232

Kong, Woo Keun; Hong, Seung-Koan

2011-01-01

217

Symptomatic tarlov cyst following spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage.  

PubMed

Most of Tarlov or perineurial cysts remain asymptomatic throughout the patient's life. The pathogenesis is still unclear. Hemorrhage has been suggested as one of the possible causes and trauma with resultant hemorrhage into subarachnoid space has been suggested as an origin of these cysts. However, Tarlov cysts related to spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage has not been reported. The authors report a case of Tarlov cyst which was symptomatic following spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage. PMID:22053232

Kong, Woo Keun; Cho, Keun-Tae; Hong, Seung-Koan

2011-08-01

218

Snapping Knee Caused by Medial Meniscal Cyst  

PubMed Central

Snapping phenomenon around the medial aspect of the knee is rare. We present this case of snapping knee caused by the sartorius muscle over a large medial meniscal cyst in a 66-year-old female. Magnetic resonance images demonstrated a large medial meniscal cyst with a horizontal tear of the medial meniscus. Arthroscopic cyst decompression with limited meniscectomy resulted in the disappearance of snapping, and no recurrence of the cyst was observed during a 2-year follow-up period. PMID:24822143

Ohishi, Tsuyoshi; Suzuki, Daisuke; Yamamoto, Kazufumi; Banno, Tomohiro; Ushirozako, Hiroki; Koide, Yoichi; Matsuyama, Yukihiro

2014-01-01

219

“Primary Omental Hydatid Cyst”: A Rare Entity  

PubMed Central

Hydatid cyst is caused by the parasite Echinococcus granulosus commonly seen in temperate regions. Primary omental hydatid cyst is rare entity. Diagnosis can be achieved with contrast-enhanced computed tomography of abdomen and pelvis along with serology. Eosinophilia is a strong pointer to hydatid cyst as a differential diagnosis. Open or laparoscopic excision of the cyst along with medical therapy remains the treatment of choice. PMID:23050190

Sable, Shailesh; Mehta, Jyoti; Yadav, Sudeep; Jategaokar, Priyadarshan; Haldar, Premashish J.

2012-01-01

220

Proximal Sciatic Nerve Intraneural Ganglion Cyst  

PubMed Central

Intraneural ganglion cysts are nonneoplastic, mucinous cysts within the epineurium of peripheral nerves which usually involve the peroneal nerve at the knee. A 37-year-old female presented with progressive left buttock and posterior thigh pain. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a sciatic nerve mass at the sacral notch which was subsequently revealed to be an intraneural ganglion cyst. An intraneural ganglion cyst confined to the proximal sciatic nerve has only been reported once prior to 2009. PMID:20069041

Swartz, Karin R.; Wilson, Dianne; Boland, Michael; Fee, Dominic B.

2009-01-01

221

A simple technique for reconstruction of medial patellofemoral ligament with bone-fascia tunnel fixation at the medial margin of the patella: a 6-year-minimum follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction has become an accepted technique to treat patellofemoral instability, and numerous surgical techniques have been described to reconstruct the MPFL. We describe a MPFL reconstruction procedure where bone-fascia tunnel fixation occurs at the medial margin of the patella for recurrent patellar dislocation. Objective MPFL reconstruction is the preferred operative treatment for recurrent patellar dislocation. The purpose of this study was to report a simple technique for reconstruction of medial patellofemoral ligament with bone-fascia tunnel fixation at the medial margin of the patella for recurrent patellar dislocation and to evaluate the results at 6-year-minimum follow-up. Methods The study included 65 patients (28 males, 37 females; mean age, 29.4?±?5.6 years) who underwent MPFL reconstruction using the bone-fascia tunnel fixation at the medial margin of the patella technique and who were followed for a mean duration of 78.5?±?3.8 months. Objective assessment, Kujala scale, Lysholm score, and Tegner activity score were obtained preoperatively and at the time of final follow-up. Results There were no patellar complications, including redislocation, in the present study. The congruence angle had significant improvement from 19.2°?±?6.3° before surgery to ?6.03°?±?0.50° at the last follow-up. The lateral patellar angle had significant improvement from ?6.9°?±?3.5° before surgery to 5.1°?±?2.4° at the last follow-up. The patellar tilt angle had significant improvement from 24.5°?±?5.2° before surgery to 12.30°?±?1.90° at the last follow-up. The Kujala score was significantly increased from 52.9?±?3.2 points preoperatively to 90.1?±?5.8 points postoperatively (P?simple technique where the MPFL is reconstructed safely to avoid patella fracture, anatomically to restore physiological kinematics and stability, and economically to reduce costs with bone-fascia tunnel fixation at the medial margin of the patella. PMID:25123919

2014-01-01

222

Synovial cysts of the lumbar spine--pathological considerations and surgical strategy.  

PubMed

Symptomatic lumbar synovial cysts (LSCs) are a rare cause of degenerative narrowing of the spinal canal, with thecal sac or nerve root compression. True synovial cysts have a thick wall lined by synovial cells, containing granulation tissue, numerous histiocytes, and giant cells. In contrast, pseudo-cysts lack specialized epithelium, have a collagenous capsule filled with myxoid material, and may be classified into ganglion cysts, originating from periarticular fibrous tissues, and ligamentous cysts, arising from the ligamentum flavum or even from the posterior longitudinal ligament. Here we present the surgical series of the Chair of Neurosurgery at the University of Cagliari (Italy) including a total of 17 LSCs. Surgical technique consisted of facet sparing excision of LSC, achieved by simple hemilaminectomy/laminectomy, and diagnosis was always confirmed by histological specimen examination, which detected the typical synovial epithelium, the intracystic presence of hemosiderin, histiocytes, and calcifications. Further immunohistochemical investigation revealed positive staining for cytokeratin: CK5, CK6, and AE1/AE3. Clinically, our cohort experienced rapid and complete resolution of symptoms, without perioperative complications, or recurrence of cysts or vertebral instability at a median follow up of 28 months, when the MacNab score was generally excellent. A review of the literature, retrieving articles published from 1973, collected a total of 101 articles concerning all the cases of LSC scientifically described to date. Both clinical and histological findings described in our study support the theory of degenerative microtraumatic pathogenesis of synovial cysts. PMID:23438660

Ganau, Mario; Ennas, Franco; Bellisano, Giulia; Ganau, Laura; Ambu, Rossano; Faa, Gavino; Maleci, Alberto

2013-01-01

223

Quantitation of Giardia cysts by membrane filtration.  

PubMed Central

A method of fixing and staining Giardia cysts on a membrane filter is reported. This procedure appears to be a reliable method for the recovery and detection of cysts and also for the determination of cyst densities. Evaluation and possible applications of the technique are described. Images PMID:6195183

Spaulding, J J; Pacha, R E; Clark, G W

1983-01-01

224

Dinoflagellate cysts from Recent Danish marine sediments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-three different cyst types were found in a survey of dinoflagellate resting stages (cysts) in sediment samples from two sites in Danish waters: Øresund (The Sound) and Aarhus Bay. This is the first survey of its kind from Danish waters. The cyst types found were: Diplopsalis lenticula, Gymnodinium catenatum, Polykrikos schwartzii, Scrippsiella trochoidea, four species of Gonyaulax, ten species of

Marianne Ellegaard; Niels F. Christensen; Øjvind Moestrup

1994-01-01

225

Laparoscopic excision of hepatoduodenal ligament cyst  

PubMed Central

Hepatoduodenal ligament cysts are rare. These may be confused with hepatic cysts even on advanced investigative modalities like Computerized tomography scanning or Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Diagnosis is often an intraoperative surprise. Laparoscopic treatment of such hepatoduodenal cysts is not described in available medical literature. We report one such case treated laparoscopically PMID:22837598

Deshpande, Aparna; Dalvi, Abhay N; Thanky, Harsh B; Khobragade, Krunal

2012-01-01

226

Epithelial cysts of the spleen: A minireview  

PubMed Central

Primary splenic epithelial cyst is an unusual event in everyday surgical practice with about 800 cases reported until date in the English literature. Splenic cysts may be parasitic or non-parasitic in origin. Nonparasitic cysts are either primary or secondary. Primary cysts are also called true, congenital, epidermoid or epithelial cysts. Primary splenic cysts account for 10% of all benign non-parasitic splenic cysts and are the most frequent type of splenic cysts in children. Usually, splenic cysts are asymptomatic and can be found incidentally during imaging techniques or on laprotomy. The symptoms are related to the size of cysts. When they assume large sizes, they may present with fullness in the left abdomen, local or referred pain, symptoms due to compression of adjacent structures (like nausea, vomiting, flatulence, diarrhoea) or rarely thrombocytopenia, and occasionally complications such as infection, rupture and/or haemorrhage. The preoperative diagnosis of primary splenic cysts can be ascertained by ultrasonography (USG), computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, although the wide use of USG today has led to an increase in the incidence of splenic cysts by 1%. However, careful histopathological evaluation along with immunostaining for presence of epithelial lining is mandatory to arrive at the diagnosis. The treatment has changed drastically from total splenectomy in the past to splenic preservation methods recently. PMID:25320525

Ingle, Sachin B; Hinge (Ingle), Chitra R; Patrike, Swapna

2014-01-01

227

Unusual case of lumbar synovial cyst  

Microsoft Academic Search

Synovial cysts are extradural degenerative lesions associated with symptoms of lower back pain and radiculopathy. To our knowledge, all the reported cases of synovial cysts in literature were posterolateral in location (1–4). This case report describes the previously unreported midline location of the synovial cyst in the spinal canal and to increase the level of awareness of diagnosing these lesions

V. K Gheyi; R. N Uppot; C Flores; Y. U Koyfman

1999-01-01

228

Spontaneous hemorrhage into a lumbar synovial cyst  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lumbar synovial cysts frequently present with back pain, chronic radiculopathy and\\/or progressive symptoms of spinal canal\\u000a compromise. These cysts generally appear in the context of degenerative lumbar spinal disease. Few cases of spontaneous hemorrhage\\u000a into synovial cysts have been reported in the literature.

Marta CicuendezJose; Jose F. Alen; Ana Ramos; Ramiro D. Lobato; Alfonso Lagares

2010-01-01

229

Spontaneous hemorrhage into a lumbar synovial cyst.  

PubMed

Lumbar synovial cysts frequently present with back pain, chronic radiculopathy and/or progressive symptoms of spinal canal compromise. These cysts generally appear in the context of degenerative lumbar spinal disease. Few cases of spontaneous hemorrhage into synovial cysts have been reported in the literature. PMID:20174835

Cicuendez, Marta; Alen, Jose F; Ramos, Ana; Lobato, Ramiro D; Lagares, Alfonso

2010-07-01

230

CYSTS OF THE LATERAL MENISCUS  

PubMed Central

Accurate diagnosis and management of knee pain with or without mechanical symptoms challenges the physical therapist's clinical reasoning skills. Meniscal cysts are one relatively rare disorder of the knee that can cause both pain and mechanical symptoms and are frequently associated with a meniscal tear. In patients with suspected meniscal cysts, systematic differential diagnosis and sound clinical reasoning encourages appropriate integration of the clinical examination with diagnostic imaging. These case reports describe two different presentations of lateral parameniscal cysts where integration of the clinical examination with appropriate imaging allowed the physical therapist to provide a timely and appropriate intervention. In both cases, the diagnostic process is described along with the subsequent interventions that lead to positive outcomes. Level of Evidence: 5 (Case Report) PMID:23772349

Westrick, Richard B.; Fogarty, Brian T.

2013-01-01

231

Relationship between areas of popliteal cysts and radiological damage in rheumatoid arthritis and in osteoarthritis.  

PubMed

Fifty-five patients, (30 Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and 25 Osteoarthritis (OA], with knee synovial effusion and popliteal cysts, visualized through arthrograms, were studied. A relationship was sought between radiological findings and area of the cysts, measured through a millimeter grid. Ten radiological parameters were graded and summed up to obtain a "total knee score". A "total geode score" was also obtained by scoring, separately, the geodes. In addition two specific indexes were used--for comparison--the erosive index, modified after Berens and Lin, in RA and the Kelligren's index in OA. In RA a statistically significant, inverse correlation was found between the x-ray scores and the area of the cysts, while such a relationship was not observed in OA. However, only a third of the cysts accounted for the inverse relationship in RA. Furthermore, two control groups of RA and OA patients revealed a striking association between degree of radiological damage and frequency of popliteal cysts. Therefore, the hypothesis that popliteal cysts might have a protective effect against the articular-bone damage in RA, can be held only in few cases. PMID:3594963

Manganelli, P; Salaffi, F; Nervetti, A; Chierici, P; Ferraccioli, G F; Ambanelli, U

1987-01-01

232

JAMA Patient Page: Bone Fractures  

MedlinePLUS

Ring Fixator With Pins and Wires Intramedullary Nail Cast Internal Fixation External Fixation Simple Fracture, Displaced Comminuted Fracture Simple Fracture, Undisplaced Long-Leg Plaster Cast Types of Treatment for Bone Fractures B O ...

233

A Rare Case of a Subcutaneous Phaeomycotic Cyst with a Brief Review of Literature  

PubMed Central

Phaeohyphomycosis consists of a heterogeneous group of fungal infections caused by more than 80 genera and species. Subcutaneous infection usually follows traumatic implantation of a fungus by a wooden splinter that the fungus inh abits as a saprophyte. The growth of the fungus forms verrucous plaques or a painless subcutaneous abscess. We report a subcutaneous cyst (phaeomycotic cyst) in the leg of a 60-year-old woman that developed after a thorn prick at that site. With the provisional diagnosis of an epidermoid cyst, she was treated with a simple excision of the cyst. However, histopathological examination of the cyst revealed the typical features of fungus, and a definitive diagnosis of a phaeomycotic cyst was made. As the infective aetiology was not considered clinically, the specimen was not sent for microbiological culture, and hence the exact species was not identified. As the lesion was localised, simple excision was sufficient treatment, and no recurrence was observed during 12 months of follow-up. PMID:22135592

Manoharan, Madhavan; Shanmugam, Natarajan; Veeriyan, Saveetha

2011-01-01

234

Lung cyst: an unusual manifestation of Niemann-Pick disease.  

PubMed

Niemann-Pick disease is a rare inherited autosomal recessive disorder, currently classified into six subtypes and characterized by the intracellular accumulation of sphingomyelin in the liver, spleen, lungs, bone marrow or brain. The main pulmonary abnormalities described in high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the chest consist of thickening of the interlobular septa and ground-glass opacities. This case report describes a patient with subtype B Niemann-Pick disease characterized by cysts and ground-glass opacities that were detected on HRCT of the chest. PMID:18699809

Baldi, Bruno G; Santana, Alfredo N C; Takagaki, Teresa Y; Fujita, Carmem; Kairalla, Ronaldo A; Carvalho, Carlos R R

2009-01-01

235

RANKL/RANK/OPG : new therapeutic targets in bone tumours and associated osteolysis  

E-print Network

is the building of an environment favouring bone resorption (essential cyst)[1]. Whatever the causes1 RANKL/RANK/OPG : new therapeutic targets in bone tumours and associated osteolysis Wittrant Y differentiation and activation leading to bone resorption. OPG is a soluble decoy receptor for RANKL that blocks

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

236

Pericyst: the outermost layer of hydatid cyst.  

PubMed

Hydatid disease, caused by the parasite Echinococcus granulosus, mostly affects the liver and the lungs with hydatid cysts which consist of three layers: (1) the outer pericyst; (2) the middle laminated membrane; and (3) the inner germinal layer. Pericyst, as the outermost layer of the hydatid cyst, is made by host cells encasing the hydatid cyst. An extremely close interaction exists between this host tissue and the parasite, and any degenerative changes of the pericyst would result in hydatid cyst degeneration or rupture. The pericyst plays an undeniably important role in the development and survival of the hydatid cyst. PMID:24574815

Golzari, Samad E J; Sokouti, Mohsen

2014-02-01

237

Clinical experience of symptomatic sacral perineural cyst.  

PubMed

Tarlov or perineural cysts are nerve root cysts found most commonly at the sacral spine level arising between covering layers of the perineurium and the endoneurium near the dorsal root ganglion and are usually asymptomatic. Symptomatic sacral perineural cysts are uncommon but sometimes require surgical treatment. A 69-year-old male presented with pain in the buttock. He was diagnosed as having a sacral cyst with magnetic resonance imaging. For the nonoperative diagnosis and treatment, caudal peridurography and block were performed. After the treatment, the patient's symptom was relieved. We suggest a caudal peridural block is effective in relieving pain from a sacral cyst. PMID:22787551

Jung, Ki Tae; Lee, Hyun Young; Lim, Kyung Joon

2012-07-01

238

Clinical Experience of Symptomatic Sacral Perineural Cyst  

PubMed Central

Tarlov or perineural cysts are nerve root cysts found most commonly at the sacral spine level arising between covering layers of the perineurium and the endoneurium near the dorsal root ganglion and are usually asymptomatic. Symptomatic sacral perineural cysts are uncommon but sometimes require surgical treatment. A 69-year-old male presented with pain in the buttock. He was diagnosed as having a sacral cyst with magnetic resonance imaging. For the nonoperative diagnosis and treatment, caudal peridurography and block were performed. After the treatment, the patient's symptom was relieved. We suggest a caudal peridural block is effective in relieving pain from a sacral cyst. PMID:22787551

Jung, Ki Tae; Lee, Hyun Young

2012-01-01

239

Prenatal diagnosis of a paraurethral cyst.  

PubMed

Paraurethral cysts arising from Skene's gland are a rare cause of urogenital masses in the neonate. We report the case of a pelvic mass noted at the vaginal introitus on prenatal ultrasound that following delivery was found to be a paraurethral cyst. On prenatal ultrasound, there was no evidence of involvement of the urinary, gastrointestinal, or upper genital tract. Serial ultrasounds demonstrated slight enlargement of the cyst without other changes. The patient delivered at 33 weeks and postnatal evaluation demonstrated a paraurethral cyst. The cyst was managed expectantly and drained spontaneously on the second day of life with complete resolution. PMID:23146295

Johnson, Clark T; Millard, Sarah E; Wang, Ming-Hsien; Ehsanipoor, Robert M

2013-02-01

240

Symptomatic Tarlov cyst: report and review.  

PubMed

Tarlov or perineural cysts are nerve root cysts found most commonly at the sacral spine level arising between covering layers of the perineurium and the endoneurium near the dorsal root ganglion. The cysts are relatively rare and most of them are asymptomatic. Some Tarlov cysts can exert pressure on nerve elements resulting in pain, radiculopathy and even multiple radiculopathy of cauda equina. There is no consensus on the appropriate therapeutic options of Tarlov cysts. The authors present a case of two sacral cysts diagnosed with magnetic resonance imaging. The initial symptoms were low back pain and sciatica and progressed to cauda equina syndrome. Surgical treatment was performed by sacral laminectomy and wide cyst fenestration. The neurological deficits were recovered and had not recurred after a follow-up period of nine months. The literature was reviewed and discussed. This is the first reported case in Thailand. PMID:16881441

Chaiyabud, Pradit; Suwanpratheep, Kitti

2006-07-01

241

Laparoscopic Management of a Cystic Duct Cyst  

PubMed Central

Background: Choledochal cysts are rare cystic dilatations of the biliary tree. Though their cause is uncertain, these cysts are usually referred for surgical resection because of their association with developing malignancy. Traditionally, choledochal cysts have been classified under 5 main types. Not included in this classification are cysts of the cystic duct, a condition that is even rarer, with only 14 cases reported in the literature to date. We describe one such rare case of a cyst of the cystic duct that we successfully treated via laparoscopic resection. Methods and Results: A 41-year-old male was found to have a biliary abnormality on a routine follow-up computed tomography (CT) scan for an unrelated medical condition. Further magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) imaging identified a cystic dilation consistent with a Type II choledochal cyst. Laparoscopic resection was performed using a total of 5 trocars, at which time a cyst of the cystic duct was found instead of the expected Type II choledochal cyst. Intraoperative cholangiography was used as a surgical adjunct to confirm the anatomy, and resection of the cyst was completed without complications. Conclusions: Our case adds to the body of reports showing that cysts of the cystic duct, while extremely rare, do occur and need to be recognized. Given the preoperative similarity between cystic duct cysts and other choledochal cysts, proposal for a new “Type VI” category for choledochal cysts may be considered so that clinicians can be prepared for this variation. Once recognized, cysts of the cystic duct can be safely and effectively removed by laparoscopic excision, as we have demonstrated. PMID:19793491

Chan, Edward S.; Auyang, Edward D.

2009-01-01

242

Endoscopic treatment of intraparenchymal arachnoid cysts in children.  

PubMed

Object Arachnoid cysts account for 1% of all intracranial lesions. They usually occur in the subarachnoid space of the major cerebral fissures and arachnoid cisterns. They are very rarely located within the brain parenchyma devoid of communication with the subarachnoid space. The author of this study evaluated the role of endoscopy in the treatment of intraparenchymal arachnoid cysts (IPACs), which have a paraventricular location noncontiguous with the basal cisterns. Methods The records of all patients who had undergone surgery performed by one neurosurgeon between March 2004 and October 2011 were retrospectively reviewed to find cases of arachnoid cysts with a paraventricular location noncontiguous with the basal cisterns that were treated with a purely endoscopic cystoventriculostomy. Data were collected, summarized, and analyzed as regards improvement in symptomatology, decrease in cyst size, improvement in hydrocephalus, incidence of complications, surgical failure, and incidence of recurrence. Results Twelve pediatric patients with symptomatic IPACs were included in this study. The group included 7 boys and 5 girls with a mean age of 5.2 years. All of the patients had undergone endoscopic cystoventriculostomy. In addition, endoscopic third ventriculostomy had been performed during the same operative session in 3 patients who had associated hydrocephalus. Significant clinical improvement occurred in 10 patients (83.3%). Postoperative imaging showed a reduction in the cyst size in 9 patients (75%), whereas the cyst size was unchanged in the remaining 3 patients (25%). A reduction in ventricle size occurred in 2 (66.7%) of the 3 patients who had hydrocephalus. A postoperative subdural hygroma occurred in 2 patients (16.7%) and required the insertion of a subduroperitoneal shunt in 1 patient. During the follow-up period (mean 42.5 months), 1 patient had a recurrence and required a repeat endoscopic procedure. Conclusions Endoscopic cystoventriculostomy is recommended in the treatment of symptomatic IPACs. It maintains the basic strategy of cyst fenestration into the lateral ventricle without either the invasiveness of open craniotomy or the implantation of shunt systems. The procedure is simple, effective, and minimally invasive. It saves operative and recovery times and is associated with low morbidity and mortality rates. PMID:25192233

El-Ghandour, Nasser M F

2014-11-01

243

Endocortical bone loss in osteoporosis: the role of bone surface availability  

E-print Network

Age-related bone loss and postmenopausal osteoporosis are disorders of bone remodelling, in which less bone is reformed than resorbed. Yet, this dysregulation of bone remodelling does not occur equally in all bone regions. Loss of bone is more pronounced near the endocortex, leading to cortical wall thinning and medullary cavity expansion, a process sometimes referred to as "trabecularisation" or "cancellisation". Cortical wall thinning is of primary concern in osteoporosis due to the strong reduction in bone mechanical properties that it is associated with. In this paper, we examine the possibility that the nonuniformity of microscopic bone surface availability could explain the nonuniformity of bone loss in osteoporosis. We use a simple computational model of bone remodelling, in which microscopic bone surface availability influences bone turnover rate, to simulate the evolution of the bone volume fraction profile across the midshaft of a long bone. We find that bone loss is accelerated near the endocortica...

Buenzli, Pascal R; Clement, John G; Pivonka, Peter

2012-01-01

244

Cerebral arachnoid cyst: A lesion of the child's brain  

Microsoft Academic Search

39 patients with 42 arachnoid cysts have been reviewed in a retrospective study. All kinds of arachnoid cysts reported in the literature were also found in this study. These consist mainly of congenital primary and posttraumatic secondary cysts. Cysts which cause no major neurological deficits require conservative treatment of symptoms only. Cysts which cause major symptoms because of their space

Kwesi Dei-Anang; Dieter Voth

1989-01-01

245

Pineal gland cysts--an overview.  

PubMed

Pineal cysts occur in all ages, predominantly in adults in the fourth decade of life. In series of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies, the prevalence of pineal cysts ranged between 1.3% and 4.3% of patients examined for various neurologic reasons and up to 10.8% of asymptomatic healthy volunteers. The diagnosis of pineal cyst is usually established by MRI with defined radiological criteria to distinguish benign pineal cyst from tumors of this area. A recent study demonstrated the findings obtained by transcranial sonography to correspond to those obtained by MRI in the detection of both pineal gland cyst and pineal gland itself, and could be used in the future mainly as follow up examination. Pineal cysts usually have no clinical implications and remain asymptomatic for years. The most common symptoms include headache, vertigo, visual and oculomotor disturbances, and obstructive hydrocephalus. Less frequently, patients present with ataxia, motor and sensory impairment, mental and emotional disturbances, epilepsy, circadian rhythm disturbances, hypothalamic dysfunction of precocious puberty, and recently described occurrence of secondary parkinsonism. Symptomatic cysts vary in size from 7 mm to 45 mm, whereas asymptomatic cysts are usually less than 10 mm in diameter, although a relationship between the cyst size and the onset of symptoms has been proved to be irrelevant in many cases. There is agreement that surgical intervention should be undertaken in patients presenting with hydrocephalus, progression of neurologic symptoms, or cyst enlargement. Tissue sample of the pineal lesion can be obtained by open surgery, stereotaxy and neuroendoscopy. PMID:20055263

Bosnjak, Jelena; Budisi?, Mislav; Azman, Drazen; Strineka, Maja; Crnjakovi?, Miljenko; Demarin, Vida

2009-09-01

246

An unusual presentation of a retroperitoneal cyst.  

PubMed

A 34-year-old woman presented to the surgical assessment unit with severe right loin to groin pain. An ultrasound scan of the abdomen revealed a complex cyst in the right iliac fossa and a subsequent CT scan revealed a 7.5?cm retroperitoneal cystic lesion below the lower pole of the right kidney. The patient also had MRI of the kidneys, which confirmed the finding. The image showed the cyst was not attached to the kidneys and was clearly separate. She underwent a laparoscopic excision of the cyst. Histopathology revealed a cyst lined by a single layer of mucinous epithelium of endocervical type with foci of calcification and hyalinisation on the wall. The cyst was thought to be a benign cyst of Mullerian origin. PMID:25368127

Sarkar, Debashis; Gulur, Dev; Patel, Snehal; Nambirajan, Thiagarajan

2014-01-01

247

[Tarlov's cyst: definition, etiopathogenesis, propaedeutic and treatment].  

PubMed

Tarlov's cyst or perineurial cyst is disease on portion of the posterior nerve root in lumbo-sacral region. The lack of knowledge of physicians around the world about Tarlov's cyst as to their nature, significance and treatment also with differential diagnostics to radiculopathy in legs. With review of literature discuss about definition, etiopathogenesis, diagnostic investigation and treatment clinic and/or surgery. The pathogenesis Tarlov's cyst remains unclear; several cases have history of the trauma, old hemorrhage, congenital and iatrogenic. Cysts provoke low back pain, sacral radiculopathy, dyspareunia, urinary incontence. The magnetic resonance imaging is now the gold standard to diagnose cysts. The treatment is clinic or surgery depending neurologics finding and neuroimage. PMID:18625096

De Sá, Márcia Cristina; D'Angelo, Carla Tereza; Da Ros Malacarne, Guilherme; Neto, Pedro; Pagura, Jorge

2008-01-01

248

Chrysophyte cysts as potential environmental indicators.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Many chrysophyte algae produce morphologically distinctive, siliceous, microscopic cysts during a resting stage of their life cycles; these cysts are often preserved in sediments. Scanning electron microscopy and Nomarski optics permit much more detailed observation of these cysts than was heretofore possible. Many cyst types are found only in specific habitats, such as montane lakes, wet meadows, ephemeral ponds, and Sphagnum bogs. In the samples studied, cysts seem to be most common in fluctuating fresh-water habitats of low to moderate pH and some winter freezing. Chrysophyte cysts have the potential to be a useful tool for modern environmental assessments and paleoecological studies of Cenozoic fresh-water lacustrine deposits. -from Authors

Adam, D.P.; Mahood, A.D.

1981-01-01

249

Torsion of an ovarian cyst mimicking enteric duplication cyst on transabdominal ultrasound: two cases.  

PubMed

We describe two girls with abdominal cysts which demonstrated the "double wall" or "muscular rim" sign. On the basis of this, the diagnosis of duplication cyst was made in each case. At surgery, both were found to have ovarian cysts, and histology revealed prominent haemorrhage within the cyst wall. To our knowledge, there has been no previous report of a false-positive "double wall sign". PMID:9561537

Godfrey, H; Abernethy, L; Boothroyd, A

1998-03-01

250

75 FR 11111 - Pale Cyst Nematode; Update of Quarantined Areas  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. APHIS-2010-0010] Pale Cyst Nematode; Update of Quarantined Areas AGENCY...quarantined to prevent the spread of pale cyst nematode. The description of the quarantined...INFORMATION: Background The pale cyst nematode (PCN, Globodera pallida) is a...

2010-03-10

251

Surgical treatment of sacral perineural cyst--case report.  

PubMed

A 67-year-old man presented with persistent penis and scrotum pain due to S-2 and S-3 radiculopathy caused by a sacral perineural cyst. The cyst was treated with microsurgical partial cyst removal and cyst wall imbrication, together with closure of the point through which cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flowed from the subarachnoid space into the cyst cavity. His pain resolved without recurrence of the cyst or complications. Symptomatic perineural cysts are quite rare. Surgical closure of the point through which CSF flows from the subarachnoid space into the cyst cavity is the most important intervention for symptomatic perineural cysts. If the source of CSF leakage cannot be detected, placement of a cyst-subarachnoid shunt should be considered in addition to partial cyst removal and cyst wall imbrication. PMID:22198114

Matsumoto, Hiroaki; Matsumoto, Shigeo; Miki, Takanori; Miyaji, Yuki; Minami, Hiroaki; Masuda, Atsushi; Tominaga, Shogo; Yoshida, Yasuhisa; Yamaura, Ikuya; Natsume, Shigeatsu; Yoshida, Kozo

2011-01-01

252

Synovial cyst in juvenile idiopathic arthritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Small synovial cysts are a common manifestation of juvenile idiopathic arthritis; large brachial cysts, however, are a rare\\u000a sign of the disease and they must be differentiated from other soft tissue swelling which are not related to articular involvement.\\u000a We describe the case of three children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis who came to our attention with large synovial cysts.\\u000a Ultrasonographic

L. Dell’Era; P. Vercellesi; L. V. Forzenigo; V. Carnelli; F. Corona

2008-01-01

253

Tarlov cysts: a report of two cases.  

PubMed

Perineural cysts are common and usually detected incidentally during magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbosacral spine. Treatment is indicated only when the cyst is symptomatic. We report one such patients presented with cauda equina syndrome and another with low back pain with claudication. They underwent excision and duraplasty; both motor and sensory fibres were carefully separated from the cyst wall using a nerve root retractor and penfield. There was no nerve root damage or neural deficit. Symptoms were relieved postoperatively. PMID:22535818

Sen, Ramesh Kumar; Goyal, Tarun; Tripathy, Sujit Kumar; Chakraborty, Soumya

2012-04-01

254

Intratesticular Epidermoid Cyst: A Rare Tumor  

PubMed Central

Testicular epidermoid cyst is extremely rare injury, which in recent studies has been regarded as a tumor. Some authors consider this lesion as a cystic monodermal teratoma, the histogenesis remains controversial. In this study we provide clinical and morphological characteristics of an epidermoid cyst in the left testicle in a 16 years old patient, where apparently a nodular lesion in the left testicle was detected. Keywords Cyst; Epidermoid; Intratesticular PMID:22043263

Aneiros-Fernandez, Jose; Arias-Santiago, Salvador; Cancela-Diez, Barbara; O'Valle, Francisco; Cachaza, Jose Aneiros

2010-01-01

255

Spontaneous Resolution of an Intraspinal Synovial Cyst  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: We report a case of lumbar facet joint synovial cyst at L5-S1 with clinically significant radicular pain di- agnosed by means of MR imaging. This cyst spontaneously resolved, as determined on follow-up MR images obtained 18 months later. The patient's clinical symptoms substan- tially improved after conservative medical treatment. Approximately 180 case reports of synovial cysts of the vertebral

Paul G. Swartz; F. Reed Murtagh

256

Aneurysmal cyst of soft tissue: report of a case with serial magnetic resonance imaging and biopsy.  

PubMed

We report a case of an extraosseous aneurysmal cyst arising in the left retroclavicular soft tissue of a 29-year-old woman. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan showed a solid lesion within soft tissue, abutting the clavicle without bone involvement. An incisional biopsy was interpreted as showing osteoclast rich nodular fasciitis with prominent vascularity. A second MRI 5 months later showed intralesional cystic change with areas of increased signal on T2-weighted images, still without any bony defect. The lesion was excised. Histological examination revealed large vascular spaces lined focally by giant cells. The remainder of the lesion was composed of an admixture of spindle cells and osteoclast-like giant cells. The histological and ultrastructural appearance was that of an aneurysmal bone cyst; however, in view of the lack of any bony involvement, a diagnosis of aneurysmal cyst of soft tissue was made. Primary aneurysmal cysts of soft tissue are rare; this is the third well-documented case in the literature, and the first to describe both the MRI appearance and the histological evolution from a solid to multiloculated lesion. PMID:9023413

Shannon, P; Bédard, Y; Bell, R; Kandel, R

1997-02-01

257

Laparoscopic Management of Huge Ovarian Cysts  

PubMed Central

Objectives. Huge ovarian cysts are conventionally managed by laparotomy. We present 5 cases with huge ovarian cysts managed by laparoscopic endoscopic surgery without any complications. Materials and Methods. We describe five patients who had their surgeries conducted in a tertiary care center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (King Fahad Medical City). Results. Patients age ranged between 19 and 69 years. Tumor markers were normal for all patients. The maximum diameter of all cysts ranged between 18 and 42?cm as measured by ultrasound. The cysts were unilocular; in some patients, there were fine septations. All patients had open-entry laparoscopy. After evaluation of the cyst capsule, the cysts were drained under laparoscopic guidance, 1–12 liters were drained from the cysts (mean 5.2?L), and then laparoscopic oophorectomy was done. The final histopathology reports confirmed benign serous cystadenoma in four patients and one patient had a benign mucinous cystadenoma. There was minimal blood loss during surgeries and with no complications for all patients. Conclusion. There is still no consensus for the size limitation of ovarian cysts decided to be a contraindication for laparoscopic management. With advancing techniques, proper patients selection, and availability of experts in gynecologic endoscopy, it is possible to remove giant cyst by laparoscopy. PMID:23766763

Alobaid, A.; Memon, A.; Alobaid, S.; Aldakhil, L.

2013-01-01

258

Videothoracoscopy in the treatment of mediastinal cysts  

PubMed Central

Introduction Progress in the development of surgical techniques has led to the growing use of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) techniques in mediastinal cyst treatment. Aim To present our experience of treating mediastinal cysts with the minimally invasive technique. Material and methods Fifty patients with mediastinal cysts were treated from 2001 to 2011. There were 32 women and 18 men. The age of the patients ranged from 17 to 72, the mean age being 42 years. All patients underwent basic preoperative diagnostic tests of the chest: X-ray, computed tomography (CT), bronchoscopy and spirometry; 4 patients underwent endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) and 3 fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of the described lesions. Results The VATS was performed in each case. Conversion was carried out due to superior mediastinal location in 10 cases and pleural adhesions in 3 cases. The partial resection of a cyst was performed in 3 patients. One patient was treated conservatively due to heart failure. In that patient the transthoracic needle aspiration of a cyst under ultrasound guidance using alcoholisation with 76% ethanol with a good effect was performed twice. Cyst recurrence was observed in 1 case. Conclusions The surgical access depends on the location of a cyst. The VATS resection of a superior mediastinal cyst is not always feasible. Surgery of mediastinal cysts is both diagnostic and curative. PMID:25337163

Brzezi?ski, Daniel; Kozak, Józef

2014-01-01

259

MRI of symptomatic sacral perineural cyst.  

PubMed

Sacral perineural cyst is a relatively rare condition. To our knowledge, reports of MR findings associated with sacral perineural cyst have been limited to only six cases. We present for the first time high field MR findings in a case of sacral perineural cyst. The cyst appeared as a cystic lesion in the sacral spinal canal and had intermediate signal intensity on T1W images and high signal intensity on T2*W images compared with CSF. Slight erosion remodeling of the sacrum was also seen anteriorly. Our case was symptomatic and present with radiculopathy (sciatic pain). Surgical treatment was done to result in dramatic improvement of the sciatic pain. PMID:1337620

Araki, Y; Tsukaguchi, I; Ishida, T; Ootani, M; Yamamoto, T; Tomoda, K; Mitomo, M

1992-01-01

260

Hepatic cyst associated with ventriculoperitoneal shunt in a child with brain tumor  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 12-year-old boy with a thalamic grade IV astrocytoma and ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt developed epigastric pain and symptoms of increased intracranial pressure. The SGOT and alkaline phosphatase levels were markedly elevated and the radiological studies showed a cyst in the right lobe of the liver, extending to the porta hepatis. Simple repositioning of the shunt resulted in complete resolution of

Sohail R. Rana; Eric S. Quivers; Theresa B. Haddy

1985-01-01

261

Two cases of symptomatic perineural cysts (tarlov cysts) in one family: a case report.  

PubMed

Symptomatic sacral perineural cysts are uncommon. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the etiologies of perineural cysts, but the accurate etiologies remain unclear. We experienced two cases of symptomatic sacral perineural cysts (Tarlov cysts) in one family, who presented with perianal paresthesia. Both of them were operated and postoperatively their symptoms were disappeared immediately. We experienced the excellent treatment outcome with the surgical management of symptomatic perineural cysts in the sacral region. We assume that the theory of congenital origin including a familial tendency is the most plausible of the hypotheses that have been proposed. PMID:19096672

Park, Hyun Jun; Kim, Il Sup; Lee, Sang Won; Son, Byung Chul

2008-09-01

262

Two Cases of Symptomatic Perineural Cysts (Tarlov Cysts) in One Family: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Symptomatic sacral perineural cysts are uncommon. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the etiologies of perineural cysts, but the accurate etiologies remain unclear. We experienced two cases of symptomatic sacral perineural cysts (Tarlov cysts) in one family, who presented with perianal paresthesia. Both of them were operated and postoperatively their symptoms were disappeared immediately. We experienced the excellent treatment outcome with the surgical management of symptomatic perineural cysts in the sacral region. We assume that the theory of congenital origin including a familial tendency is the most plausible of the hypotheses that have been proposed. PMID:19096672

Park, Hyun Jun; Lee, Sang Won; Son, Byung Chul

2008-01-01

263

Ruptured Corpus Luteal Cyst: CT Findings  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the CT findings of ruptured corpus luteal cysts. Materials and Methods Six patients with a surgically proven ruptured corpus luteal cyst were included in this series. The prospective CT findings were retrospectively analyzed in terms of the size and shape of the cyst, the thickness and enhancement pattern of its wall, the attenuation of its contents, and peritoneal fluid. Results The mean diameter of the cysts was 2.8 (range, 1.5-4.8) cm; three were round and three were oval. The mean thickness of the cyst wall was 4.7 (range, 1-10) mm; in all six cases it showed strong enhancement, and in three was discontinuous. In five of six cases, the cystic contents showed high attenuation. Peritoneal fluid was present in all cases, and its attenuation was higher, especially around the uterus and adnexa, than that of urine present in the bladder. Conclusion In a woman in whom CT reveals the presence of an ovarian cyst with an enhancing rim and highly attenuated contents, as well as highly attenuated peritoneal fluid, a ruptured corpus luteal cyst should be suspected. Other possible evidence of this is focal interruption of the cyst wall and the presence of peritoneal fluid around the adnexa. PMID:12679633

Choi, Hyuck Jae; Kim, Sun Ho; Kim, Hyo-Cheol; Park, Chang Min; Lee, Hak Jong; Moon, Min Hoan; Jeong, Jun Yong

2003-01-01

264

Penetration of albendazole sulphoxide into hydatid cysts.  

PubMed Central

The penetration of albendazole sulphoxide, the principal metabolite of albendazole into hydatid cysts (E granulosus) was measured by means of in vitro animal and clinical studies. The drug freely diffuses across the parasitic membranes. Cyst/serum concentrations of 22% were achieved in patients, longer pre-operative therapy produced higher concentrations. Images Fig. 1 PMID:3817589

Morris, D L; Chinnery, J B; Georgiou, G; Stamatakis, G; Golematis, B

1987-01-01

265

Lipids status in human breast cyst fluids  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benign mammary gross cystic disease is the most common breast lesion; women with apocrine changes of epithelium lining the cysts are at higher risk for developing breast cancer than the normal population. Total cholesterol, high- and low-density lipoproteins fractions, triglycerides and phospholipids, lipase activity and total lipid concentrations were measured in cyst fluids and sera from 89 women affected by

F. Mannello; G. D. Bocchiotti; F. Pignatti Morano; L. M. Fratepietro; G. Gazzanelli

1996-01-01

266

Parameatal urethral cysts of the glans penis.  

PubMed

Parameatal urethral cysts are uncommon in the male. We have seen 9 cases and have reviewed these and the 35 cases reported in Japan between 1919 and 1984. The cysts recurred after rupture or aspiration in 3 cases and complete excision is recommended. PMID:2310917

Koga, S; Arakaki, Y; Matsuoka, M; Ohyama, C

1990-01-01

267

Sonographic Spectrum of Tunica Albuginea Cyst  

PubMed Central

Tunica albuginea (TA) cyst is the most common extratesticular benign mass, which is usually palpable. Ultrasound examination is the imaging modality of choice to characterize palpable testicular lesions. This pictorial essay presents the spectrum of sonographic features of TA cysts in order to assist radiologists in making the correct diagnosis and avoid unnecessary surgeries. PMID:21915386

Alvarez, Daniel M.; Bhatt, Shweta; Dogra, Vikram S.

2011-01-01

268

Synovial cysts: Clinical and neuroradiological aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Lumbar and intraneural synovial cysts are uncommon lesions, although their incidence has increased since the introduction of MRI. The authors describe the results of a study comprising 23 patients with synovial cyst (5 lumbar, 19 intraneural). Neuroradiological investigations included CT scan and MRI; however, it was not always possible to diagnose the nature of the lesion. In 18 cases

M. Artico; L. Cervoni; S. Carloia; G. Stevanato; M. Mastantuono; F. Nucci

1997-01-01

269

Spontaneous Resolution of a Prepontine Arachnoid Cyst  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prepontine arachnoid cysts are rare developmental anomalies that occur almost exclusively in children. The symptomatic child typically suffers from hydrocephalus, visual impairment, endocrine dysfunction and\\/or cranial neuropathies. Some cysts, however, are discovered incidentally upon prenatal or postnatal imaging for other indications. While there is little doubt that surgical treatment should be initiated to help the symptomatic child, appropriate therapy for

Robert L. Dodd; Patrick D. Barnes; Stephen L. Huhn

2002-01-01

270

Nasolabial cysts: Clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to review our experience, examine the clinical and pathological features of nasolabial cysts, and to provide a basis for the diagnosis and treatment in an Asian population. We made a retrospective review of patients with nasolabial cysts who were treated at the Department of Otolaryngology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital between January 1999 and December

Heng-Wai Yuen; Cheow-Yew Lee Julian; Chow-Lin Yeak Samuel

2007-01-01

271

INACTIVATION OF 'GIARDIA' CYSTS BY CHLORINE  

EPA Science Inventory

This study was undertaken to determine the viability of Giardia lamblia cysts shed from an asymptomatic carrier and to correlate the chlorine resistance of these cysts with those from a symptomatic carrier and another Giardia species, G. muris, which is infective for mice....

272

Bone Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

Cancer that starts in a bone is uncommon. Cancer that has spread to the bone from another ... more common. There are three types of bone cancer: Osteosarcoma - occurs most often between ages 10 and ...

273

Bone Diseases  

MedlinePLUS

Your bones help you move, give you shape and support your body. They are living tissues that rebuild constantly ... childhood and your teens, your body adds new bone faster than it removes old bone. After about ...

274

Chylous mesenteric cysts: a rare surgical challenge  

PubMed Central

A mesenteric cyst is defined as a cyst that is located in the mesentery of the gastrointestinal tract and may extend from the base of the mesentery into the retroperitoneum. It is often asymptomatic and therefore it is usually found as an incidental finding. Preoperative diagnosis may be possible with computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. However, the correct diagnosis can only be made with histology. The first-choice therapy is the complete removal of the cyst, which must be accurately planned according to the anatomy of the lesion, its dimensions and its relationships with major abdominal structures. We present two clinical cases: the one of a 30-year-old man with a mesenteric cyst that was removed by laparoscopy and the other of a 61-year-old woman who underwent open excision of a huge retroperitoneal cyst. PMID:24876395

Dioscoridi, Lorenzo; Perri, Giampaolo; Freschi, Giancarlo

2014-01-01

275

Sacral Perineural Cyst Accompanying Disc Herniation  

PubMed Central

Although most of sacral perineural cysts are asymptomatic, some may produce symptoms. Specific radicular pain may be due to distortion, compression, or stretching of nerve root by a space occupying cyst. We report a rare case of S1 radiculopathy caused by sacral perineural cyst accompanying disc herniation. The patient underwent a microscopic discectomy at L5-S1 level. However, the patient's symptoms did not improved. The hypesthesia persisted, as did the right leg pain. Cyst-subarachnoid shunt was set to decompress nerve root and to equalize the cerebrospinal fluid pressure between the cephalad thecal sac and cyst. Immediately after surgery, the patient had no leg pain. After 6 months, the patient still remained free of leg pain. PMID:19352483

Ju, Chang Il; Shin, Ho; Kim, Hyeun Sung

2009-01-01

276

Hydatid cyst: unusual presentation as 'breast lump'.  

PubMed

Hydatid cyst in the breast is rare. We report a case of hydatid cyst in the breast in a 30-year-old Indian rural woman who presented with a lump in her left breast. MRI findings showed a cystic lesion in the breast. Histopathological examination showed features consistent with hydatid cyst with surrounding adherent pericystic breast tissue showing fibrocollagenisation and inflammatory response. ELISA for echinococcal antigen was also found to be positive. This case emphasises that preoperative diagnosis of hydatid cyst in the breast is difficult and often missed as the breast is a rare site of echinococcal infection and clinical and imaging findings are wide and non-specific. Cytological diagnosis by fine-needle aspiration may not always be possible. Therefore, hydatid cyst in the breast should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of a breast lump and histopathological confirmation is necessary for early and appropriate treatment. PMID:24729121

Afroz, Nishat; Chaurasia, Jai Kumar; Maheshwari, Veena; Singh, Geetika

2014-01-01

277

Oral foregut cyst in a neonate.  

PubMed

Oral foregut cysts are congenital choristomas that arise in the oral cavity during embryonic development from remnants of foregut-derived epithelium. This is an unusual report of a neonate with a large congenital sublingual cystic lesion, extending superficially from the left ventral tongue to the anterior floor of the mouth, impeding breast-feeding. The differential diagnosis included dermoid cyst, epidermoid cyst, mucous retention cyst, and oral lymphangioma. The treatment of choice was enucleation under general anesthesia. Histology showed a cystic lesion with a ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium with numerous goblet cells. Immunohistochemistry was positive for cytokeratin 7 and thyroid transcription factor 1 and negative for cytokeratin 20, resulting in a final diagnosis of an oral foregut cyst. Three weeks after surgery, the tongue had healed with good mobility, and breast-feeding could be established. No recurrence was present at 6 months of follow-up. PMID:24220427

Rosa, Ana Cláudia Garcia; Hiramatsu, Daniel Martins; de Moraes, Fábio Roberto Ruiz; Passador-Santos, Fabrício; de Araújo, Vera Cavalcanti; Soares, Andresa Borges

2013-11-01

278

Sacral perineural cyst accompanying disc herniation.  

PubMed

Although most of sacral perineural cysts are asymptomatic, some may produce symptoms. Specific radicular pain may be due to distortion, compression, or stretching of nerve root by a space occupying cyst. We report a rare case of S1 radiculopathy caused by sacral perineural cyst accompanying disc herniation. The patient underwent a microscopic discectomy at L5-S1 level. However, the patient's symptoms did not improved. The hypesthesia persisted, as did the right leg pain. Cyst-subarachnoid shunt was set to decompress nerve root and to equalize the cerebrospinal fluid pressure between the cephalad thecal sac and cyst. Immediately after surgery, the patient had no leg pain. After 6 months, the patient still remained free of leg pain. PMID:19352483

Ju, Chang Il; Shin, Ho; Kim, Seok Won; Kim, Hyeun Sung

2009-03-01

279

Goiter - simple  

MedlinePLUS

Simple goiter; Endemic goiter; Colloidal goiter; Nontoxic goiter; Toxic nodular goiter ... of thyroid hormone, the thyroid gland grows larger. Toxic nodular goiter is an enlarged thyroid gland that ...

280

[Upper maxillary cysts: embryogenic and surgical considerations in our cases].  

PubMed

Upper maxillary cysts are a chapter in otorhinolaryngological pathology which have been relatively neglected by the Literature. The reason for this most likely lies in the difficulty in producing a nosographic picture of these pathologies which border on other surgical fields (dentistry, maxillofacial surgery), and because they show significant clinical and etiopathogenic polymorphism. The elements that characterize upper maxillary cysts as a separate clinical entity are basically their cystic nature and origin within the upper maxillary bone, although they can expand widely within the medio-facial region (nasal vestibule, oral vestibule, nasolabial region, palate, maxillary sinus). After having reviewed the various classification schemes proposed over the years, and briefly examining the main clinical and etiopathogenic characteristics and principles for surgical treatment, the present work offers a surgical case study, together with the related iconography. Moreover this work does not neglect embryogenic considerations which are indispensable for the study of some of these pathologies. In this manner the results for 35 surgical procedures on upper maxillary cysts performed from 1989 to 1996 are presented and classified following the Cudennec classification module (1991). This study shows the variety of possible clinical manifestations for these pathologies. Such a variety makes correct diagnosis imperative--today facilitated by modern imaging techniques--and requires diversifying the surgical approach, conditioned not only by the site, extension and nature of the specific lesion, but also by the related symptoms. The significant progress in surgical techniques has made increasingly functional surgery possible and led to the abandonment of such conventional radical techniques as the Caldwell-Luc procedure. Moreover, CT and NMR have provided good image definition, specifying precisely the limits and extensions and, in most cases, facilitating diagnosis of the nature of the disorder with direct and indirect signs of the cystic nature of the lesions whenever the clinical data proves inadequate. PMID:11139876

Galletti, B; Bucolo, S; Abbate, G; Canton Bascuas, M; Romano, G; Fera, G; Freni, F

2000-06-01

281

Soybean cyst nematode effects on soybean aphid preference and performance in the laboratory.  

PubMed

Herbivores on plants frequently interact via shared resources. Studies that have examined performance of herbivores in the presence of other herbivores, however, have often focused on above-ground feeding guilds and relatively less research has examined interactions between below- and above-ground consumers. We examine how soybean aphid, Aphis glycines (Matsumura) an above-ground phloem-feeding herbivore, interacts with a below-ground plant parasite, soybean cyst nematode, Heterodera glycines (Ichinohe) through their shared host plant, soybean (Glycine max L). Laboratory experiments evaluated the preference of alate (flight-capable) soybean aphids toward plants either infected with soybean cyst nematode or uninfected controls in a simple choice arena. Alate soybean aphids preferred uninfected soybean over soybean cyst nematode-infected plants: 48 h after the releases of alate aphids in the center of the arena, 67% more aphids were found on control soybean compared with nematode infected plants. No-choice feeding assays were also conducted using clip cages and apterous (flight-incapable) aphids to investigate effect of soybean cyst nematode infection of soybean on aphid performance. These studies had mixed results: in one set of experiments overall aphid population growth at 7 d was not statistically different between control and soybean cyst nematode-infected plants. A different experiment using a life-table analysis found that apterous aphids feeding on soybean cyst nematode-infected plants had significantly greater finite rate of increase (?), intrinsic rate of increase (r(m)), and net reproductive rate (R(o)) compared with aphids reared on uninfected (control) soybean plants. We conclude that the below-ground herbivore, soybean cyst nematode, primarily influences soybean aphid behavior rather than performance. PMID:22546453

Hong, S C; Donaldson, J; Gratton, C

2010-10-01

282

[Giant branchial cyst with infection in newborn infant: case report].  

PubMed

Branchial cyst is a rarely seen inheritent cyst commonly located in the lateral face and neck.A giant branchial cyst with infection in a newborn infant was reported in this paper. Surgical enucleate of the cyst was performed at 17 days of the infant with good result. The patient has been followed up for 2 years without recurrence. PMID:15133556

Luo, Xian-feng; Chen, Guo-ying

2004-04-01

283

Cyst formation and growth in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cyst formation and growth in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Previous morphologic studies on kidneys from adult patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) indicates that the cysts developed from nephrons and collecting ducts in association with hyperplasia of epithelial cells lining the cyst walls. In the present study, we systematically evaluated by scanning electron microscopy 387 cysts in

Jared J Grantham; James L Geiser; Andrew P Evan

1987-01-01

284

Odontogenic cysts, odontogenic tumors, fibroosseous, and giant cell lesions of the jaws.  

PubMed

Odontogenic cysts that can be problematic because of recurrence and/or aggressive growth include odontogenic keratocyst (OKC), calcifying odontogenic cyst, and the recently described glandular odontogenic cyst. The OKC has significant growth capacity and recurrence potential and is occasionally indicative of the nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome. There is also an orthokeratinized variant, the orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst, which is less aggressive and is not syndrome associated. Ghost cell keratinization, which typifies the calcifying odontogenic cyst, can be seen in solid lesions that have now been designated odontogenic ghost cell tumor. The glandular odontogenic cyst contains mucous cells and ductlike structures that may mimic central mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Several odontogenic tumors may provide diagnostic challenges, particularly the cystic ameloblastoma. Identification of this frequently underdiagnosed cystic tumor often comes after one or more recurrences and a destructive course. Other difficult lesions include malignant ameloblastomas, calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor, squamous odontogenic tumor, and clear-cell odontogenic tumor. Histologic identification of myxofibrous lesions of the jaws (odontogenic myxoma, odontogenic fibroma, desmoplastic fibroma) is necessary to avoid the diagnostic pitfall of overdiagnosis of similar-appearing follicular sacs and dental pulps. Fibroosseous lesions of the jaws show considerable microscopic overlap and include fibrous dysplasia, ossifying fibroma, periapical cementoosseous dysplasia, and low-grade chronic osteomyelitis. The term fibrous dysplasia is probably overused in general practice and should be reserved for the rare lesion that presents as a large, expansile, diffuse opacity of children and young adults. The need to use clinicopathologic correlation in assessing these lesions is of particular importance. Central giant cell granuloma is a relatively common jaw lesion of young adults that has an unpredictable behavior. Microscopic diagnosis is relatively straightforward; however, this lesion continues to be somewhat controversial because of its disputed classification (reactive versus neoplastic) and because of its management (surgical versus. medical). Its relationship to giant cell tumor of long bone remains undetermined. PMID:11904346

Regezi, Joseph A

2002-03-01

285

Simple Machines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How do you get a glove and a ball up to your tree house? One answer is to use a pulley. A pulley is a simple machine. In this original KET interactive, children learn about the basic workings of three simple machines.

Ket

2010-11-16

286

Isolated retroperitoneal hydatid cyst invading splenic hilum.  

PubMed

Introduction. Hydatid disease (HD) is an infestation that is caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus. The liver is affected in approximately two-thirds of patients, the lungs in 25%, and other organs in a small proportion. Primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst is extremely rare. The most common complaint is abdominal pain; however, the clinical features of HD may be generally dependent on the location of the cyst. Case Presentation. A 43-year-old female was admitted with the complaint of abdominal pain. Her physical examination was normal. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a 17 × 11?cm cystic lesion, with a thick and smooth wall that is located among the left liver lobe, diaphragm, spleen, tail of the pancreas, and transverse colon and invading the splenic hilum. Total cystectomy and splenectomy were performed. Pathological examination was reported as cyst hydatid. Discussion. Cysts in the peritoneal cavity are mainly the result of the spontaneous or traumatic rupture of concomitant hepatic cysts or surgical inoculation of a hepatic cyst. Serological tests contribute to diagnosis. In symptomatic and large hydatid peritoneal cysts, surgical resection is the only curative treatment. Total cystectomy is the gold standard. Albendazole or praziquantel is indicated for inoperable and disseminated cases. Percutaneous aspiration, injection, and reaspiration (PAIR) technique is another nonsurgical option. PMID:24790764

Ozturk, Safak; Unver, Mutlu; Kibar Ozturk, Burcin; Kebapci, Eyup; Bozbiyik, Osman; Erol, Varl?k; Zalluhoglu, Nihat; Olmez, Mustafa

2014-01-01

287

Bone fracture repair - series (image)  

MedlinePLUS

Fractures of the bones are classified in a number of ways. A simple fracture involves a single fracture line through ... off or burned (cauterized). If examination of the fracture shows that a quantity of bone has been lost as a result of the ...

288

Management of choledochal cysts and their complications.  

PubMed

Choledochal cysts are increasingly reported in adults. The presence of cyst-related complications alters its presentation and complicates the management. We reviewed our experience to find the clinical presentation, complications, and the management of choledochal cysts. The records of 132 patients with choledochal cysts presented to us between 2003 and 2010 maintained as a prospective database were analyzed for demography, clinical presentation, radiological investigation, management, and outcome. There were 12 children and 120 adults. Based on preoperative cholangiogram, 93 (71%) patients had Type I and 39 (29%) Type IVA cysts. The overall incidence of complicated choledochal cyst was 4 of 12 (33%) in children and 85 of 120 (71%) in adults. The most common complication was cystolithiasis (49%) followed by cholangitis (32%), acute pancreatitis (10%), hepatolithiasis (7%), malignancy (3%), portal hypertension (2%), and chronic pancreatitis (2%). Acute pancreatitis and cholangitis were managed conservatively. Endoscopic stenting was performed in patients with cholangitis and those requiring staged treatment as a result of portal hypertension. Overall 114 patients underwent cyst excision with Roux-en-y hepaticojejunostomy. The overall morbidity was 17.5 per cent (wound infection 13% and bilioenteric anastomotic leak 7%). There was one postoperative death resulting from cardiac failure. Three patients developed anastomotic stricture and underwent redo hepaticojejunostomy. Choledochal cysts in adults are often associated with complications. Complications are more common in adults compared with children. Acute pancreatitis, cholangitis and portal hypertension are managed conservatively and then followed up by definitive surgery. Cyst excision with Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy is necessary to prevent the recurrence of complications. PMID:22524764

Saluja, Sundeep Singh; Nayeem, Mohammed; Sharma, Barjesh Chander; Bora, Giriraj; Mishra, Pramod Kumar

2012-03-01

289

[Large dentigerous cyst caused by retained tooth 25].  

PubMed

Follicular cysts are benign, non-inflammatory odontogenic cysts, usually painless and discovered during routine radiographic examination. The article describes a case of a large follicular cyst with retained tooth 25. Pantomographic x ray showed the presence of a large follicular cyst located on the side of the impacted 25 tooth. The cyst has been enucleated and the tooth extracted surgically with subsequent closure of oro-antral communication. After 3 months orthodontic treatment was initiated. PMID:25182400

Janas, Anna; Stelmach, Rafa?; Osica, Piotr

2014-01-01

290

Rare mandibular surgical ciliated cysts: report of two new cases.  

PubMed

The surgical ciliated cyst, also known as the "postoperative maxillary cyst" or "implantation cyst," occurs as a result of iatrogenic implantation of respiratory epithelium into a noncontiguous surgical site after sinus surgery. It typically presents as a well-defined radiolucency in the maxilla in young adults. Histopathologically, the cyst is lined by ciliated columnar, cuboidal, or pseudostratified squamous epithelium with mucous cells. We report two rare cases of a surgical ciliated cyst located in the mandible. PMID:25109584

Li, Chia-Cheng; Feinerman, David M; MacCarthy, Killian D; Woo, Sook-Bin

2014-09-01

291

Lumbosacral arachnoid cyst with tethered cord: A rare case report  

PubMed Central

Arachnoid cysts are cerebrospinal fluid collections in the spine that can present with neurological symptoms or be discovered accidentally. Intradural location of such cysts especially in the lumbosacral region is relatively rare. The association of such cysts with other congenital anomalies such as tethered cord lends evidence to the developmental origin of arachnoid cysts. We report a case of lumbosacral arachnoid cyst with tethered cord in a 6-year-old male child and discuss the etiopathogenesis and management options. PMID:24082689

Jain, S. K.; Sundar, I. Vijay; Sharma, Vinod; Goel, Ravishankar S.

2012-01-01

292

Whale bones  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Vertebrates, or animals that have a skeletal structure for body support, leave bones behind after their death. These bones can be placed together to recreate the skeletal frame of that animal. Bones can be examined to determine what animal the bones came from.

N/A N/A (Go Card USA;)

2007-12-21

293

Rubber Bones  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over 1 or 2 days, learners use vinegar to remove the calcium from a chicken bone. They then explore how the bones have changed. An accompanying video with Mr. O further explores the relationship between cartilage and bone and explains how bones grow.

Houston, Children'S M.

2011-01-01

294

Non-infected and Infected Bronchogenic Cyst: The Correlation of Image Findings with Cyst Content  

PubMed Central

We hereby report a case on bronchogenic cyst which is initially non-infected, then becomes infected after bronchoscopic ultrasound (US)-guided transesophageal fine-needle aspiration (FNA). The non-infected bronchogenic cyst appears to be filled with relatively echogenic materials on US, and the aspirate is a whitish jelly-like fluid. Upon contrast-enhanced MRI of the infected bronchogenic cyst, a T1-weighted image shows low signal intensity and a T2-weighted image shows high signal intensity, with no enhancements of the cyst contents, but enhancements of the thickened cystic wall. The patient then undergo video-assisted thoracic surgery 14 days after the FNA. The cystic mass is known to be completely removed, and the aspirate is yellowish and purulent. To understand the image findings that pertain to the gross appearance of the cyst contents will help to diagnose bronchogenic cysts in the future. PMID:24624219

Jeon, Hong Gil; Park, Ju Hwan; Park, Hye Min; Kwon, Woon Jung; Cha, Hee Jeong; Lee, Young Jik; Park, Chang Ryul; Jegal, Yangjin; Ahn, Jong-Joon

2014-01-01

295

Intratesticular epidermoid cyst: is radiological diagnosis enough?  

PubMed Central

Intratesticular epidermoid cysts are rare solid tumorlike lesions. They constitute 1% of all testicular tumors. Major advances have been achieved during the last decades, shifting the management of epidermoid cysts to a more conservative approach. We present a case of a 20-year-old male who was referred to the urology department with a two-year history of a gradually increasing painless right-sided scrotal lump. We will discuss the diagnostic work up of intratesticular epidermoid cyst, with the operative management and literature review. PMID:24578907

Thwaini, Ali; Devlin, Brendan; Dooher, Maeve; Schattka, Franz

2011-01-01

296

Bronchogenic cyst in the intradiaphragmatic location.  

PubMed

Bronchogenic cysts are congenital foregut malformations thought to develop due to abnormal budding of tracheal diverticulumand proximal bronchial structures during embryologic development. The cyst is lined by ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium and the wall contains cartilage and layers of smooth muscle. These lesions most commonly are seen in the mediastinum, lung, or pleural spaces. The intradiaphragmatic location of the bronchogenic cyst rarely has been reported in the literature. We report the clinical presentation and computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings in a pediatric patient who presented with left-sided chest pain and was found to have a mass in the region of the diaphragm. PMID:24511867

Subramanian, Subramanian; Chandra, Tushar; Whitehouse, Jill; Suchi, Mariko; Arca, Marjorie; Maheshwari, Mohit

2013-12-01

297

Sacral perineural cysts: imaging and treatment options.  

PubMed

Perineural cysts are an uncommon radiological finding and a rare cause of radicular leg pain. We report the clinical findings, imaging and operative appearances of a patient who presented with radicular leg and perineal pain, which was found to be associated with multiple sacral perineural cysts. The diagnostic and treatment options are explored. In particular, the use of percutaneous fine-needle cyst drainage as a guide to the value of surgery is discussed. Postoperative complications, such as pseudomeningocoele can occur, but may be effectively treated with lumbar drainage. PMID:12046741

Landers, J; Seex, K

2002-04-01

298

Cysts  

MedlinePLUS

Donate Donate One Time Monthly Event Tribute For brain tumor information and support Call: 800-886-ABTA (2282) or Email: ABTAcares@abta.org Donate Now Menu Brain Tumor Information Brain Anatomy Brain Tumor Symptoms Diagnosis Types ...

299

Bone cement  

PubMed Central

The knowledge about the bone cement is of paramount importance to all Orthopaedic surgeons. Although the bone cement had been the gold standard in the field of joint replacement surgery, its use has somewhat decreased because of the advent of press-fit implants which encourages bone in growth. The shortcomings, side effects and toxicity of the bone cement are being addressed recently. More research is needed and continues in the field of nanoparticle additives, enhanced bone–cement interface etc.

Vaishya, Raju; Chauhan, Mayank; Vaish, Abhishek

2013-01-01

300

Simple Solutions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Amy Smith is an engineer who designs simple and inexpensive solutions to real-world problems. This video produced for Teachers' Domain features her innovative design for testing the safety of drinking water in the developing world.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2006-05-09

301

Glandular Odontogenic Cyst of Maxilla  

PubMed Central

Glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) is a rare developmental lesion that is considered a distinct entity because of its uncommon histopathological characteristics. It has morphological similarities to other lesions, which makes its diagnosis challenging for pathologists. It strikes distinct age groups, with an average patient age being 50 years. This lesion can involve either jaw, but the anterior region of the mandible is the most commonly affected area. It exhibits a tendency toward recurrence when conservative treatment is administered. It is believed that the low prevalence of GOC in the literature is due not only to its rarity, but also to the fact that its main characteristics are also found in other pathological entities. We report here radiologic-pathologic features of GOC of the maxilla in a 17-year-old female patient. PMID:22267989

Guruprasad, Yadavalli; Chauhan, Dinesh Singh

2011-01-01

302

Surgical results of sacral perineural (Tarlov) cysts.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the surgical outcomes and to determine indicators of the necessity of surgical intervention. Twelve consecutive patients harboring symptomatic sacral perineural cysts were treated between 1995 and 2003. All patients were assessed for neurological deficits and pain by neurological examination. Magnetic resonance of imaging, computerized tomography, and myelography were performed to detect signs of delayed filling of the cysts. We performed a release of the valve and imbrication of the sacral cysts with laminectomies in 8 cases or recapping laminectomies in 4 cases. After surgery, symptoms improved in 10 (83%) of 12 patients, with an average follow-up of 27 months. Ten patients had sacral perineural cysts with signs of positive filling defect. Two (17%) of 12 patients experienced no significant improvement. In one of these patients, the filling defect was negative. In conclusion, a positive filling defect may become an indicator of good treatment outcomes. PMID:16508691

Tanaka, Masato; Nakahara, Shinnosuke; Ito, Yasuo; Nakanishi, Kazuo; Sugimoto, Yoshihisa; Ikuma, Hisanori; Ozaki, Toshifumi

2006-02-01

303

The Drosophila cyst stem cell lineage  

PubMed Central

In all animals, germline cells differentiate in intimate contact with somatic cells and interactions between germline and soma are particularly important for germline development and function. In the male gonad of Drosophila melanogaster, the developing germline cells are enclosed by somatic cyst cells. The cyst cells are derived from cyst stem cells (CySCs) of somatic origin and codifferentiate with the germline cells. The fast generation cycle and the genetic tractability of Drosophila has made the Drosophila testis an excellent model for studying both the roles of somatic cells in guiding germline development and the interdependence of two separate stem cell lineages. This review focuses on our current understanding of CySC specification, CySC self-renewing divisions, cyst cell differentiation, and soma-germline interactions. Many of the mechanisms guiding these processes in Drosophila testes are similarly essential for the development and function of tissues in other organisms, most importantly for gametogenesis in mammals. PMID:23087834

Zoller, Richard; Schulz, Cordula

2012-01-01

304

[Testicular epidermoid cyst. A case report].  

PubMed

Epidermoid cyst of the testis is a rare, begnin intratesticular tumor. Through a case report of a patient who underwent an orchidectomy, we study clinical, radiological and therapeutic aspects and particularities of this pathology. PMID:17722800

Sallami, Satâa; Attyaoui, Fethi; Zribi, Riadh; Chtourou, Maher; Horchani, Ali

2003-10-01

305

Anaphylactic Shock During Pulmonary Hydatid Cyst Surgery  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Hydatid cyst is a parasitic disease caused by a tapeworm Echinococcusgranulosus. Humans are accidental hosts and infected after digestion of foods contaminated to fecal matter of definite hosts. The most affected organs are liver and lungs. Rupture of cyst (spontaneous rupture or rupture due to trauma or surgery) can cause anaphylactic reactions. Even considered as a rare event during anesthesia, it can be life threatening with the manifestations of severe hypotension and circulatory shock. Thus, immediate and proper treatment is necessary . Case Presentation: We report a case of anaphylactic shock during surgery of pulmonary Hydatid cyst in a 42 year old woman and its management. Conclusions: During the surgery of hydatid cyst, any hemodynamic instability should raise the suspension of anaphylaxis and early resuscitation should be instituted.

Marashi, Shaqayeq; Hosseini, Vahideh Sadat; Saliminia, Alireza; Yaghooti, Amirabbas

2014-01-01

306

Intracranial Cysts: An Imagery Diagnostic Challenge  

PubMed Central

Intracerebral cysts and cystic appearing intracerebral masses are common findings at routine cerebral imaging examination. We discuss here the most interesting aspects of some intracerebral cysts encountered in medical practice in terms of imaging, clinical and pathological description, and problems of differential diagnosis. On an almost routine basis, the neurologists have to deal with such differentials. Therefore, we aim to mention here some of the frequently encountered diagnosis problems when a patient presents with a cystic cerebral mass. PMID:23737706

Oprisan, Alexandra

2013-01-01

307

Association of spondylarthropathies with lumbar synovial cysts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intraspinal synovial cysts presenting with lower back pain and radiculopathy are well known but rare. They are associated\\u000a with facet joint arthopathy, generally degenerative in nature. Spinal synovial cysts have not been described in spondyloarthropathies\\u000a (SpA). We report a case of a 66-year-old man with a chronic undifferentiated SpA who presented with severe weakness of both\\u000a legs. A centrally located

A. Finckh; J. Gerster; A. K. So

2003-01-01

308

Epidermal inclusion cyst of the breast  

Microsoft Academic Search

Epidermal inclusion cysts are uncommon in the breast, but the consequences can be severe when these cysts occur in the breast\\u000a parenchyma. Here, we report two such cases. The patient in case 1 was an 85-year-old woman with a 3-cm palpable mass in the\\u000a right breast. Mammography revealed a round and smoothly outlined mass, which indicated a benign tumor, and

Naruto Taira; Kenjiro Aogi; Shozo Ohsumi; Shigemitsu Takashima; Susumu Kawamura; Rieko Nishimura

2007-01-01

309

Hyperdense renal masses: a CT manifestation of hemorrhagic renal cysts  

SciTech Connect

Eleven patients with sharply circumscribed round to ovoid renal cysts measuring 70-90 H on CT are reported. The cysts were hyperdense on unenhanced scans, measuring 30-60 H greater than the adjacent parenchyma, and either hypodense, isodense, or hyperdense on enhanced scans. Four patients had polycystic kidney disease; of the other 7 patients, the cysts were cortical in 6 and parapelvic in 1. Eight patients had a solitary cyst and 3 had multiple cysts. Sonography demonstrated internal echoes and/or lack of increased through-transmission in 6 patients. Pathological analysis was available in 6 cases and indicated a benign, hemorrhagic renal cyst. This hyperdense CT appearance is characteristic of some hemorrhagic renal cysts, though differentiation between benign and malignant cysts requires cyst puncture and/or surgery.

Sussman, S.; Cochran, S.T.; Pagani, J.J.; McArdle, C.; Wong, W.; Austin, R.; Curry, N.; Kelly, K.M.

1984-01-01

310

Low Bone Density (Osteopenia)  

MedlinePLUS

... You are here Home » Low Bone Density Low Bone Density Low bone density is when your bone ... to people with normal bone density. Detecting Low Bone Density A bone density test will determine whether ...

311

Perineural cyst presenting like cubital tunnel syndrome.  

PubMed

Perineural cysts are believed to be asymptomatic; however, they rarely cause symptoms related to nerve root compression. Cervical symptomatic perineural cysts are in fact exceedingly rare. There are no reported cervical perineural cysts in the literature that present like cubital tunnel syndrome. A patient with motor weakness of the abductor and adductor muscles of the fingers of the left hand and hypoesthesia in the hypothenar region of the left hand presented at our clinic. A neurological examination, and neuroradiological and electrophysiological evaluations supported the finding that the patient's clinical condition was caused by a perineural cyst located around the C8 neural root. The neurological symptoms of the patient markedly improved after medical treatment. We reported the first cervical perineural cyst as presenting like cubital tunnel syndrome patient in the literature. The visualization of perineural cyst may need extra magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sections in order to view the nerve root through the neural foramen or extraforaminal area. These lesions are benign, and the appropriate treatment is curative. PMID:21574015

Bayrakli, Fatih; Kurtuncu, Murat; Karaarslan, Ercan; Ozgen, Serdar

2012-06-01

312

Bone Crusher  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students use a tension-compression machine (or an alternative bone-breaking setup) to see how different bones fracture differently and with different amounts of force, depending on their body locations. Teams determine bone mass and volume, calculate bone density, and predict fracture force. Then they each test a small animal bone (chicken, turkey, cat) to failure, examining the break to analyze the fracture type. Groups conduct research about biomedical challenges, materials and repair methods, and design repair treatment plans specific to their bones and fracture types, presenting their design recommendations to the class.

National Science Foundation GK-12 and Research Experience for Teachers (RET) Programs,

313

Living Bones, Strong Bones  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity about engineering, nutrition, and physical activity, learners design and build a healthy bone model of a space explorer which is strong enough to withstand increasing amounts of weight. This activity contains several engaging mini-activities and stresses the importance of the scientific method. Learners can complete this activity as part of NASA's Fit Explorer Challenge, in which learners train like astronauts, set goals, track their progress, and accumulate points to progress through Exploration Levels and earn certificates.

Center, Nasa J.

2012-06-26

314

Conjugated bile acids in breast cyst fluids: Relationship to cation-related cyst subpopulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gross cystic breast disease is a benign lesion occurring in 7% of adult women. Apocrine changes of epithelium lining the breast cysts cause a higher risk of developing breast cancer. According to the possible role of bile acids in the pathogenesis of cancer, we analysed breast cyst fluids aspirated from 96 women for distribution of conjugated bile acid concentrations in

Ferdinando Mannello; Maurizio Sebastiani; Silvana Amati; Giancarlo Gazzanelli

1997-01-01

315

The diagnosis and management of synovial cysts: Efficacy of surgery versus cyst aspiration  

PubMed Central

Background: The surgical management of lumbar synovial cysts that have extruded into the spinal canal remains controversial (e.g. decompression with/without fusion). Methods: The neurological presentation, anatomy, pathophysiology, and surgical challenges posed by synovial cysts in the lumbar spine are well known. Neurological complaints typically include unilateral or, more rarely, bilateral radicular complaints, and/or cauda equina syndromes. Anatomically, synovial cysts constitute cystic dilatations of synovial sheaths that directly extrude from facet joints into the spinal canal. Pathophysiologically, these cysts reflect disruption of the facet joints often with accompanying instability, and potentially compromise both the cephalad and caudad nerve roots. Results: Aspiration of lumbar synovial cysts, which are typically gelatinous and non-aspirable, and typically performed by “pain specialists” (e.g. pain management, rehabilitation, radiologists, others) utilizing fluoroscopy or CT-guided aspiration, is associated with 50–100% failure rates. Surgical decompression with/without fusion (as the issue regarding fusion remains unsettled) results in the resolution of back and radicular pain in 91.6–92.5% and 91.1–91.9% of cases, respectively. Conclusions: After a thorough review of the literature, it appears that the treatment with the best outcome for patients with synovial cysts is cyst removal utilizing surgical decompression; the need for attendant fusion remains unsettled. The use of an alternative treatment, percutaneous aspiration of cysts, appears to have a much higher recurrence and failure rate, but may be followed by surgery if warranted. PMID:22905322

Epstein, Nancy E.; Baisden, Jamie

2012-01-01

316

Atlantoaxial Joint Synovial Cyst: Diagnosis and Percutaneous Treatment  

SciTech Connect

Synovial cysts at the atlantoaxial level are found uncommonly. Lumbar symptomatic cases are treated by percutaneous cyst aspiration with or without corticoid injection or by surgical resection, but synovial cysts at the C1-C2 level are usually treated by surgery. We report here a 92-year-old woman with a retro-odontoid synovial cyst producing spinal cord compression that was treated by percutaneous aspiration of the cyst under CT guidance. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an atlantoaxial synovial cyst successfully treated with a minimally invasive procedure.

Velan, Osvaldo, E-mail: osvaldo.velan@hospitalitaliano.org.a [Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Department of Radiology (Argentina); Rabadan, Alejandra, E-mail: alejandra.rabadan@hospitalitaliano.org.a [Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Department of Neurosurgery (Argentina); Paganini, Lisandro, E-mail: lisandro.paganini@hospitalitaliano.org.a [Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Department of Radiology (Argentina); Langhi, Luciano, E-mail: luciano.langhi@hospitalitaliano.org.a [Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Department of Neurosurgery (Argentina)

2008-11-15

317

Ganglion Cysts Arising from a Canine Stifle Joint  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT A 10-year-old, neutered male Labrador retriever presented with progressive left hind lameness. Ultrasonography revealed large, subcutaneous, ovoid cysts around the stifle joint. Radiographic and computed tomographic images revealed periosteal reaction of the distal femur. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed a large cyst that was hypointense in T1-weighted images, hyperintense in T2-weighted images and had a thin lining that was enhanced by intravenous gadonium injection. The cyst communicated with the joint cavity and other small cysts around the joint. Histopathology of an excisional biopsy specimen led to diagnosis of ganglion cyst. This report provides MR images of a ganglion cyst in a canine stifle. PMID:24257194

MURATA, Daiki; SOGAWA, Takeshi; TOKUNAGA, Satoshi; IWANAGA, Tomoko; KAWAGUCHI, Hiroaki; MIYOSHI, Noriaki; MOMOI, Yasuyuki; FUJIKI, Makoto; MIURA, Naoki

2013-01-01

318

Atlantoaxial joint synovial cyst: diagnosis and percutaneous treatment.  

PubMed

Synovial cysts at the atlantoaxial level are found uncommonly. Lumbar symptomatic cases are treated by percutaneous cyst aspiration with or without corticoid injection or by surgical resection, but synovial cysts at the C1-C2 level are usually treated by surgery. We report here a 92-year-old woman with a retro-odontoid synovial cyst producing spinal cord compression that was treated by percutaneous aspiration of the cyst under CT guidance. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an atlantoaxial synovial cyst successfully treated with a minimally invasive procedure. PMID:18437457

Velán, Osvaldo; Rabadán, Alejandra; Paganini, Lisandro; Langhi, Luciano

2008-01-01

319

Bone tumor  

MedlinePLUS

... physical exam. Tests that may be done include: Alkaline phosphatase blood level Bone biopsy Bone scan Chest ... also affect the results of the following tests: Alkaline phosphatase isoenzyme Blood calcium level Parathyroid hormone Blood ...

320

Simple Saucers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With standardized English Language Arts exams on the horizon, the author thought a game of Antonyms would provide not only a quick language arts activity for her sixth graders, but also a nice segue to an art lesson in contrast. In this article, she describes a project, a simple saucer on a pedestal base, which required students to demonstrate…

Coy, Mary

2008-01-01

321

Bone Biopsy  

MedlinePLUS

• Overview A bone biopsy is an image-guided procedure in which a small sample of a bone is removed from the body and ... is often called a closed or needle bone biopsy , because it involves inserting a needle directly into ...

322

Magnetic resonance imaging of pelvic bone tumors.  

PubMed

The aim of our study was to determine the value of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the diagnostic workup of pelvic bone tumors. We retrospectively evaluated the MR findings in 60 pelvic bone tumors. Owing to its high contrast resolution and multiplanar imaging capabilities, MR offers a clear depiction of cortical, medullar or soft tissue involvement, intratumoral necrosis, and relationship to neurovascular structures, and may be considered as the modality of choice for the staging of pelvic bone tumors. Since grading of bone tumors reaches a high accuracy on conventional radiography (CR), the value of MR imaging is rather complementary. Although the role of MR imaging in tissue characterization is mostly limited to recognition of tumoral components, accurate tissue characterization if often possible (e.g. in low-grade chondrosarcoma, eosinophilic granuloma, aneurysmal bone cyst, giant cell tumor, and chordoma). MR imaging in osteochondromas, metastases, and fibrous dysplasia remains of limited value since most of these lesions are well recognized on CR and/or CT. CR remains the first choice examination in diagnosis and grading of bone tumors, but MR imaging has significantly improved staging and tissue characterization in bone tumor imaging. The aim of our study is to determine the value of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the diagnostic workup of pelvic bone tumors, i.e. in staging, in differentiating benign from malignant tumors (grading), and in further characterization of tumors or tumoral components. PMID:8647781

De Beuckeleer, L H; De Schepper, A M; Ramon, F

1996-02-01

323

Building Better Bones Researchers are advancing medical bone implant technology with rapid prototyping techniques and digitally designed zirconia molds  

Microsoft Academic Search

spects of rapid prototyping and ti- tanium casting have been com- bined in a system to produce tita- nium replicas of human bones. Although titanium is currently used for bone replacement, implants are simple geometric approximations of the bone shape. Mismatches between implants and real bone often cause stress con- centrations and result in premature implant failure. If more accurate

NICOLE HARLAN; REUBEN REYES; DAVID BOURELL

2000-01-01

324

Simple Machines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Can you identify the six types of simple machines? 1. What do you know about Inclined Planes? Draw an example on your graphic organizer and state one fact.Inclined Plane 2. What do you know about levers? Draw an example on your graphic organizer and state one fact.Lever. 3. What do you know about pulleys? Draw an example on your graphic organizer and ...

Stewart, Miss

2010-03-24

325

Dinoflagellate cysts in recent marine sediments from Thermaikos Gulf, Greece: Effects of resuspension events on vertical cyst distribution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A qualitative and semi-quantitative study of recent dinoflagellate cysts has been undertaken in the NW part of Aegean Sea, Thermaikos Gulf (Eastern Mediteranean), before (September 2001), during (October 2001) and after 120 days (February 2002) of intensive trawling activities. This is the first survey of recent dinoflagellate cysts from Greek marine coastal environments. Sediment samples were collected with a corer and the vertical distribution of the cysts was studied at five different layers, from 0 to 10 cm. Dinoflagellate cysts were both abundant and diverse. Cysts were found over the whole sampling area and periods, with concentrations ranging between 247-3202 cysts cm -3. Thirty-six cyst types were encountered, of which 32 were identified to species level, representing 12 genera. It seems that significant local resuspension, related to the onset of the trawling period and stirring up of the sediment, contributed to mixing of the upper layers, resulting to more homogenous cyst profiles in the sediment. Viable cysts constituted 16-60% of the total cyst abundance. The abundance peaks of viable cysts within the subsurface sediment layers, observed during the undisturbed period, disappeared during October. In February, the reduction of cyst concentration was associated to a loss of viable cysts, whilst the ratio of viable/empty cysts ranged between 0.30 and 0.67. The abundance of the different dinoflagellate species, in their active form, was monitored in order to detect any relationship between the concentration of cysts in the top 10 cm of sediment and blooms of algae in the water column. Cysts of potentially toxic species, causing Paralitic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP), such as Alexandrium cf. tamarense, A. cf. affine, A. cf. minutum, as well as Gymnodinium catenatum, were detected in the cyst survey.

Giannakourou, A.; Orlova, T. Y.; Assimakopoulou, G.; Pagou, K.

2005-12-01

326

Duplication cysts: Diagnosis, management, and the role of endoscopic ultrasound  

PubMed Central

Gastrointestinal tract duplication cysts are rare congenital gastrointestinal malformation in young patients and adults. They consist of foregut duplication cysts, small bowel duplication cysts, and large bowel duplication cysts. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has been widely used as a modality for the evaluation and diagnosis of duplication cysts. EUS is the diagnostic tool of choice to investigate duplication cysts since it can distinguish between solid and cystic lesions. The question of whether or not to perform EUS-fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) on a lesion suspected of being a duplication cyst is controversial as these lesions can become infected with significant consequences, although EUS-FNA is often required to obtain a definitive diagnosis and to rule out more ominous lesions. This manuscript will review the literature on duplication cysts throughout the body and will also focus on the role of EUS and FNA with regards to these lesions.

Liu, Roy; Adler, Douglas G.

2014-01-01

327

Tarlov cyst: Case report and review of literature  

PubMed Central

We describe a case of sacral perineural cyst presenting with complaints of low back pain with neurological claudication. The patient was treated by laminectomy and excision of the cyst. Tarlov cysts (sacral perineural cysts) are nerve root cysts found most commonly in the sacral roots, arising between the covering layer of the perineurium and the endoneurium near the dorsal root ganglion. The incidence of Tarlov cysts is 5% and most of them are asymptomatic, usually detected as incidental findings on MRI. Symptomatic Tarlov cysts are extremely rare, commonly presenting as sacral or lumbar pain syndromes, sciatica or rarely as cauda equina syndrome. Tarlov cysts should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with these complaints. PMID:21139800

Prashad, Bhagwat; Jain, Anil K; Dhammi, Ish K

2007-01-01

328

Tarlov cyst: Case report and review of literature.  

PubMed

We describe a case of sacral perineural cyst presenting with complaints of low back pain with neurological claudication. The patient was treated by laminectomy and excision of the cyst. Tarlov cysts (sacral perineural cysts) are nerve root cysts found most commonly in the sacral roots, arising between the covering layer of the perineurium and the endoneurium near the dorsal root ganglion. The incidence of Tarlov cysts is 5% and most of them are asymptomatic, usually detected as incidental findings on MRI. Symptomatic Tarlov cysts are extremely rare, commonly presenting as sacral or lumbar pain syndromes, sciatica or rarely as cauda equina syndrome. Tarlov cysts should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with these complaints. PMID:21139800

Prashad, Bhagwat; Jain, Anil K; Dhammi, Ish K

2007-10-01

329

Bone poroelasticity.  

PubMed

Poroelasticity is a well-developed theory for the interaction of fluid and solid phases of a fluid-saturated porous medium. It is widely used in geomechanics and has been applied to bone by many authors in the last 30 years. The purpose of this work is, first, to review the literature related to the application of poroelasticity to the interstitial bone fluid and, second, to describe the specific physical and modeling considerations that establish poroelasticity as an effective and useful model for deformation-driven bone fluid movement in bone tissue. The application of poroelasticity to bone differs from its application to soft tissues in two important ways. First, the deformations of bone are small while those of soft tissues are generally large. Second, the bulk modulus of the mineralized bone matrix is about six times stiffer than that of the fluid in the pores while the bulk moduli of the soft tissue matrix and the pore water are almost the same. Poroelasticity and electrokinetics can be used to explain strain-generated potentials in wet bone. It is noted that strain-generated potentials can be used as an effective tool in the experimental study of local bone fluid flow, and that the knowledge of this technique will contribute to the answers of a number of questions concerning bone mineralization, osteocyte nutrition and the bone mechanosensory system. PMID:10093022

Cowin, S C

1999-03-01

330

Neurenteric Cyst of the Area Postrema  

PubMed Central

Neurenteric cysts are CNS lesions most frequently occurring in the spinal cord. Intracranial neurenteric cysts are rarer, typically presenting with headache, mass effect, or location-specific symptoms. The area postrema is known as the emetic center of the brain; lesions can cause nausea and vomiting. Our case, featuring a neurenteric cyst of the area postrema, illustrates the importance of considering a neurological etiology for nonspecific symptoms that otherwise elude explanation. Our patient presented with acute decompensated hydrocephalus upon exploratory abdominal laparoscopy for unresolving abdominal pain. The patient had an eight-month history of unexplained intermittent nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. These bouts increased in frequency during the weeks before acute presentation, prompting exploratory abdominal laparoscopy. The acute decompensation was managed by ventriculostomy, and cranial MRI revealed a cystic mass by the floor of the fourth ventricle. After the patient stabilized and returned to neurological baseline, suboccipital craniectomy and resection were performed. The mass was histologically identified as a neurenteric cyst. The patient was free from neurological complaints at one-year follow-up, indicating that the successful resection of the area postrema-associated neurenteric cyst resolved her previous symptoms. Thus, some intracranial lesions can masquerade as nonspecific symptoms, presenting a challenge to accurate diagnosis.

Miller, Claire M.; Wang, Bonnie H.; Chen, Eric; Wang, Huan

2014-01-01

331

The management of primary nonparasitic splenic cysts.  

PubMed

Primary nonparasitic splenic cysts (PNSC) are rare and their management in children has been controversial. We conducted this study to discuss various treatment modalities. The medical records of patients with PNSC (1991-2008) were evaluated retrospectively, including age, sex, history of trauma, presenting symptoms, physical examination and radiological findings, therapeutic approaches, and outcomes. Six patients, between 3 to 12 years of age with a male/female ratio of 2, were included. The presenting symptom was abdominal pain in all but one asymptomatic patient. Physical examination findings were unremarkable in all except for palpable spleen in two patients. Cyst sizes ranged from 3 x 4 cm to 10 x 12 cm. The patients were treated with aspiration-sclerotherapy (n=2), total splenectomy (n=2), partial splenectomy (n=1), and cyst excision (n=1). The pathological diagnoses were epidermoid cyst (n=5) and lymphangioma (n=1). The postoperative course was uneventful except for postsplenectomy fever (n=1), recurrence (n=1) and residual cyst (n=1). PNSC larger than 5 cm in diameter or those that are symptomatic should be treated surgically. Total splenectomy should not be done in children to avoid infectious postsplenectomy problems unless there is a mandatory condition like intraoperative bleeding. Aspiration-sclerosis is not recommended because of recurrence. PMID:21434535

Boybeyi, Ozlem; Karnak, Ibrahim; Tanyel, F Cahit; Ciftçi, Arbay O; Senocak, M Emin

2010-01-01

332

Spinal Extradural Arachnoid Cyst: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Spinal arachnoid cyst is a rare cause of myelopathy secondary to spinal cord compression. We report a case presenting extradural arachnoid cyst of probable traumatic origin leading to irreversible neurological deficits including paraparesis and neurogenic bladder. The patient presented progressive paraparesis and voiding difficulty. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine revealed long segmental cystic lesion of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) signal intensity at dorsal extramedullary space of T11 to L3 level suggesting arachnoid cyst with diffuse cord compression. On the operation, an ovoid shaped dural defect was identified at right sided dorsolateral aspect of the dura mater between nerve root sleeves at T11 and T12 level. The patient was treated by microsurgical repair of the dural defect and intraoperative findings revealed no further leakage of CSF. The neurological status of the patient was stationary on follow-up examination postoperatively. We postulate that delayed-onset post-traumatic extradural arachnoid cyst should be taken into consideration on the differential diagnosis of intrapinal cysts. PMID:24757455

Kong, Woo-Keun; Cho, Keun-Tae

2013-01-01

333

Synovial cyst mimicking an intraspinal sacral mass.  

PubMed

A 68-year-old female had a three-week history of severe low back pain radiating down the posterior left buttocks and left leg exacerbated by standing and walking. Lumbar spine MRI revealed cystic mass with similar intensity to cerebrospinal fluid located on dorsolateral left side of the sacral spinal canal inferior to the S1 pedicle. There was compression of left exiting S1 and traversing S2 nerve roots. Neurosurgery consult was requested to evaluate the cystic mass in the sacral spinal canal. After clinical evaluation, an unusually located synovial cyst was thought possible. Cyst contents were heterogeneous, suggestive of small hemorrhage and acute clinical history seemed reasonable. Left S1 and partial left S2 hemilaminectomy was performed and an epidural, partially hemorrhagic cyst was removed. There was no obvious connection to the ipsilateral L5-S1 facet joint. Pathology revealed synovial cyst, and the patient's leg pain was improved postoperatively. This synovial cyst was unusual as it had no connection with the facet joint intraoperatively and its location in the sacral canal was uncommon. PMID:24716025

Hoover, Jason; Pirris, Stephen

2014-01-01

334

Thoracoscopic resection of a giant mediastinal parathyroid cyst.  

PubMed

Parathyroid cysts are a rare situation, unusually in the mediastinum. The preoperative diagnosis could be more difficult in some atypical topographies and imaging characteristics in particular in case of huge mediastinal cyst. In the following years traditionally, in case of intrathoracic parathyroid cysts, sternotomy or thoracotomy have been the preferred approaches. We report a case of an older patient with a huge mediastinal parathyroid cyst removed successfully using videothoracoscopy. PMID:23625377

Dell'Amore, Andrea; Asadi, Nizar; Bartalena, Tommaso; Bini, Alessandro; Stella, Franco

2014-07-01

335

Penile Epidermal Cyst in a Patient With Augmentation Penoplasty  

PubMed Central

A 44-year-old male patient who had undergone augmentation penoplasty 20 years previously presented with a slowly growing penoscrotal mass. The penile mass was excised totally and the pathologic diagnosis was an epidermal cyst. Epidermal cysts are benign disorders that can occur in any part of the body. However, an epidermal cyst as a late complication of augmentation penoplasty is extremely rare. We report this case of a penile epidermal cyst that developed after augmentation penoplasty. PMID:23524950

Jung, Jae Hung; Eom, Minseob; Arkoncel, Francis Raymond P.; Sung, Yun Hsien; Kim, Won; Byun, Hyun Keun; Joo, Jung Min; Kim, Kwang Jin

2013-01-01

336

Atlantoaxial Joint Synovial Cyst: Diagnosis and Percutaneous Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Synovial cysts at the atlantoaxial level are found uncommonly. Lumbar symptomatic cases are treated by percutaneous cyst aspiration\\u000a with or without corticoid injection or by surgical resection, but synovial cysts at the C1-C2 level are usually treated by\\u000a surgery. We report here a 92-year-old woman with a retro-odontoid synovial cyst producing spinal cord compression that was\\u000a treated by percutaneous aspiration

Osvaldo Velán; Alejandra Rabadán; Lisandro Paganini; Luciano Langhi

2008-01-01

337

Atlantoaxial Joint Synovial Cyst: Diagnosis and Percutaneous Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Synovial cysts at the atlantoaxial level are found uncommonly. Lumbar symptomatic cases are treated by percutaneous cyst aspiration with or without corticoid injection or by surgical resection, but synovial cysts at the C1-C2 level are usually treated by surgery. We report here a 92-year-old woman with a retro-odontoid synovial cyst producing spinal cord compression that was treated by percutaneous aspiration

Osvaldo Velan; Alejandra Rabadan; Lisandro Paganini; Luciano Langhi

2008-01-01

338

Liver Hydatid Cyst with Transdiaphragmatic Rupture and Lung Hydatid Cyst Ruptured into Bronchi and Pleural Space  

SciTech Connect

The aim of this case study is to present effectiveness of percutaneous drainage as a treatment option of ruptured lung and liver hydatid cysts. A 65-year-old male patient was admitted with complicated liver and lung hydatid cysts. A liver hydatid cyst had ruptured transdiaphragmatically, and a lung hydatid cyst had ruptured both into bronchi and pleural space. The patient could not undergo surgery because of decreased respiratory function. Both cysts were drained percutaneously using oral albendazole. Povidone-iodine was used to treat the liver cyst after closure of the diaphragmatic rupture. The drainage was considered successful, and the patient had no recurrence of signs and symptoms. Clinical, laboratory, and radiologic recovery was observed during 2.5 months of catheterization. The patient was asymptomatic after catheter drainage. No recurrence was detected during 86 months of follow-up. For inoperable patients with ruptured liver and lung hydatid cysts, percutaneous drainage with oral albendazole is an alternative treatment option to surgery. The percutaneous approach can be life-saving in such cases.

Ar Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I bas, Bilgin Kadri, E-mail: bilginaribas@hotmail.com; Dingil, Guerbuez [A.Y. Ankara Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Koeroglu, Mert [Sueleyman Demirel University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Uenguel, Uemit; Zaral Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I , Aliye Ceylan [A.Y. Ankara Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology (Turkey)

2011-02-15

339

Bacterially induced bone destruction: mechanisms and misconceptions.  

PubMed Central

Normal bone remodelling requires the coordinated regulation of the genesis and activity of osteoblast and osteoclast lineages. Any interference with these integrated cellular systems can result in dysregulation of remodelling with the consequent loss of bone matrix. Bacteria are important causes of bone pathology in common conditions such as periodontitis, dental cysts, bacterial arthritis, and osteomyelitis. It is now established that many of the bacteria implicated in bone diseases contain or produce molecules with potent effects on bone cells. Some of these molecules, such as components of the gram-positive cell walls (lipoteichoic acids), are weak stimulators of bone resorption in vitro, while others (PMT, cpn60) are as active as the most active mammalian osteolytic factors such as cytokines like IL-1 and TNF. The complexity of the integration of bone cell lineage development means that there are still question marks over the mechanism of action of many well-known bone-modulatory molecules such as parathyroid hormone. The key questions which must be asked of the now-recognized bacterial bone-modulatory molecules are as follows: (i) what cell population do they bind to, (ii) what is the nature of the receptor and postreceptor events, and (iii) is their action direct or dependent on the induction of secondary extracellular bone-modulating factors such as cytokines, eicosanoids, etc. In the case of LPS, this ubiquitous gram-negative polymer probably binds to osteoblasts or other cells in bone through the CD14 receptor and stimulates them to release cytokines and eicosanoids which then induce the recruitment and activation of osteoclasts. This explains the inhibitor effects of nonsteroidal and anticytokine agents on LPS-induced bone resorption. However, other bacterial factors such as the potent toxin PMT may act by blocking the normal maturation pathway of the osteoblast lineage, thus inducing dysregulation in the tightly regulated process of resorption and replacement of bone matrix. At the present time, it is not possible to define a general mechanism by which bacteria promote loss of bone matrix. Many bacteria are capable of stimulating bone matrix loss, and the information available would suggest that each organism possesses different factors which interact with bone in different ways. With the rapid increase in antibiotic resistance, particularly with Staphylococcus aureus and M. tuberculosis, organisms responsible for much bone pathology in developed countries only two generations ago, we would urge that much greater attention should be focused on the problem of bacterially induced bone remodelling in order to define pathogenetic mechanisms which could be therapeutic targets for the development of new treatment modalities. PMID:8698454

Nair, S P; Meghji, S; Wilson, M; Reddi, K; White, P; Henderson, B

1996-01-01

340

Bone Lesions and Damage  

MedlinePLUS

... NOW Home » About Multiple Myeloma » Symptoms » Bone Damage Bone Lesions and Damage Bone lesions from multiple myeloma ... have some degree of bone loss. Causes of bone destruction in myeloma Normally, osteoclasts function with bone- ...

341

Anterior cervical arachnoid cyst presenting with traumatic quadriplegia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction Intradural spinal arachnoid cysts are rare. Rarer still are cysts located anterior to the cervical spinal cord. To date, only 10 such cases have been reported in the English-language literature. Case report Two cases of anterior cervical arachnoid cysts that presented as traumatic quadriplegia are reported.

Natarajan Muthukumar

2004-01-01

342

Factors Influencing Emergence of Juveniles from Cysts of Heterodera zeae.  

PubMed

Several factors were studied to determine their effects on hatch and emergence of second-stage juveniles (J2) from cysts of Heterodera zeae. The optimum temperature for emergence of J2 from cysts of H. zeae was 30 C. No juveniles emerged from cysts at 10 or 40 C. Immersion of cysts in 4 mM zinc chloride solution stimulated 10% greater emergence of J2 than occurred in tap water controls during 28 days. Fresh corn rhizosphere leachates from 25-day and older plants growing in sand or sandy field soil stimulated 22-24% greater emergence of J2 from cysts than occurred in tap water after 28 days. Rhizosphere leachates stored for 30 days at 4 C and leachates of sand, sandy field soil, and silty field soil inhibited emergence of J2 from cysts by 7-12% compared to tap water. Rhizosphere leachates from corn plants aged 20, 30, 40, 50, or 60 days growing in sandy field soil stimulated emergence of J2 from cysts. Similar numbers of J2 emerged from cysts regardless of whether the source of cysts was field microplot cultures, greenhouse cultures, or growth chamber cultures. Fertilizing growth chamber cultures of H. zeae on corn plants resulted in a doubling of the numbers of cysts produced in the cultures, and those cysts yielded 2-3 times as many emerged J2 in hatching tests compared to cysts from similar unfertilized cultures. PMID:19277300

Hashmi, S; Krusberg, L R

1995-09-01

343

A case of parameatal urethral cyst with calculi.  

PubMed

Parameatal urethral cyst is very rare. Although 15 cases have been reported in Japan, no case of parameatal urethral cyst with calculi has previously been reported. We report the first case of parameatal urethral cyst with calculi in a 22-year-old female patient. PMID:8266865

Shibayama, T; Nakashima, J; Nakamura, S; Morinaga, S

1993-10-01

344

Cervical perineural cyst masquerading as a cervical spinal tumor.  

PubMed

Tarlov (perineural) cysts of the nerve roots are common and usually incidental findings during magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbosacral spine. There are only a few case reports where cervical symptomatic perineural cysts have been described in the literature. We report such a case where a high cervical perineural cyst was masquerading as a cervical spinal tumor. PMID:24761204

Joshi, Vijay P; Zanwar, Atul; Karande, Anuradha; Agrawal, Amit

2014-04-01

345

Cervical Perineural Cyst Masquerading as a Cervical Spinal Tumor  

PubMed Central

Tarlov (perineural) cysts of the nerve roots are common and usually incidental findings during magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbosacral spine. There are only a few case reports where cervical symptomatic perineural cysts have been described in the literature. We report such a case where a high cervical perineural cyst was masquerading as a cervical spinal tumor. PMID:24761204

Joshi, Vijay P; Zanwar, Atul; Karande, Anuradha

2014-01-01

346

[Sacral perineural cysts. Contribution of magnetic resonance imaging].  

PubMed

In a 41-year old woman complaining of episodic bilateral sciatic pain, MRI showed large sacral cysts developed in the pelvis. The fact that these cysts communicated with the subarachnoidal spaces was not clearly demonstrated by CT. The mechanism underlying the development of this perineural variety of extradural cysts is discussed. PMID:1439457

Thomas, T; Michel, D; Solvet, P; Antoine, J C; Barral, F G

1992-01-01

347

Glandular odontogenic cyst: systematic review  

PubMed Central

Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the principal features of “glandular odontogenic cyst” (GOC), by systematic review (SR), and to compare their frequencies among four global groups. Methods The databases searched were the PubMed interface of MEDLINE and LILACS. Only those reports of GOCs that occurred in a series in the reporting authors' caseload were considered. All cases were confirmed histopathologically. Results 18 reports on 17 series of consecutive cases were included in the SR. GOC affected males twice as frequently and the mandible almost three times as frequently. The mean age at first presentation was 44 years, coincident with that of the Western global group, in which the largest proportion of reports and cases first presented in the second half of the fifth decade. However, age at presentation of GOCs in the East Asian and sub-Saharan African global groups was nearly a decade younger, this was significant. Six reports included details of at least one clinical presentation. Eight reports included at least one conventional radiological feature. There were some significant differences between global groups. The Western global group had a particular predilection for the anterior sextants of both jaws. The sub-Saharan African group displayed buccolingual expansion (as did the Latin American group) and tooth displacement in every case. 18% of GOCs recurred overall, except in the sub-Saharan African global group. Conclusions GOCs have a marked propensity to recur in most global groups. GOCs presented in older patients and with swellings, affected the anterior sextants of both jaws, and radiologically were more likely to present as a well-defined unilocular radiolucency with buccolingual expansion. Tooth displacement, root resorption and an association with unerupted teeth occurred in 50%, 30% and 11% of cases, respectively. PMID:20203274

MacDonald-Jankowski, D S

2010-01-01

348

Histologic and immunohistochemical characteristics of cutaneous cysts in goltz-gorlin syndrome: clues for differentiation of nonsyndromic cysts.  

PubMed

: Goltz-Gorlin syndrome presents with multiple basal cell carcinomas, odontogenic keratocysts, and cutaneous cysts, among other manifestations. The cutaneous cysts have been described as both epidermoid cysts and keratocysts but were not further characterized. Light microscopic examinations were made on 23 cutaneous cysts in 4 patients associated with Goltz-Gorlin syndrome located on extremities, face, trunk, palms, and soles and compared with nonsyndromic vellus hair cysts, steatocystomas, and hybrid cysts. Twenty-one of the syndromic cysts revealed alternating infundibular-like and steatocystoma-like squamous epitheliums in varying proportions. The cysts were lined by both smooth and corrugated squamous epithelium. The horny layer was composed by alternating areas of thin, lamellate, and compact eosinophilic keratin. Only 2 cases showed an exclusive steatocystoma-like type of epithelium very similar to odontogenic keratocysts. Sebaceous glands and follicular structures were absent. There were no differences between palmar and plantar cysts and other anatomic locations. The ultrastructural findings in syndromatic cysts confirmed variable expression of keratohyalin granules. Only 3 of 6 cases of nonsyndromic hybrid cysts showed overlapping features with syndromic cysts. Immunohistochemical profiling of keratin, involucrin, filaggrin, loricrin, and BCL-2 expression in syndromatic cysts showed exclusive positivity of K19 and continuous staining for BCL-2. In summary, 2 types of cutaneous cysts are characteristic of Goltz-Gorlin, irrelevant of their anatomic location, namely steatocystoma-like and more frequently hybrid-like. The diagnosis of syndromic hybrid-like cysts should be considered whenever infundibular and steatocystoma differentiation alternate and overlap. Altogether, these findings in epithelial cysts may raise the suspicion of Goltz-Gorlin as an underlying cause. PMID:24698937

Tirado, Mariantonieta; Ständer, Sonja; Metze, Dieter

2014-11-01

349

Traumatic mesenteric cyst after blunt abdominal trauma  

PubMed Central

Mesenteric cysts are rare abdominal tumors of unclear histologic origin, usually asymptomatic. Post-traumatic mesenteric cyst usually results as a consequence of a mesenteric lymphangitic rupture or a hematoma followed by absorption and cystic degeneration. The preoperative histological and radiological diagnosis is difficult. We present the case of a 45-year-old male patient with sizable, palpable abdominal tumor, the gradual swelling of which the patient himself combined with the blunt abdominal trauma he acquired from an opponent's knee in a football game 5 months ago. PMID:22096714

Falidas, Evangelos; Mathioulakis, Stavros; Vlachos, Konstantinos; Pavlakis, Emmanouil; Anyfantakis, Georgios; Villias, Constantinos

2011-01-01

350

Bacterial pericarditis caused by infected trichilemmal cyst.  

PubMed

Bacterial pericarditis is a well-known although rare complication of Staphylococcus aureus infection in modern practice. We present a rare case of Staphylococcus pericarditis caused by an infected trichilemmal cyst present on patient's scalp. Our case emphasizes that all cases of bacterial pericarditis should be thoroughly investigated for a source of infection. Constrictive changes can be seen in the pericardium postinfection, as in our patient, and should be treated aggressively. To our knowledge, a case of an infected cyst causing bacterial pericarditis has never been reported previously in the literature. PMID:21915636

Lodha, Ankur; Enakpene, Evbu; Haran, Mehandi; Sadiq, Adnan; Shani, Jacob

2012-04-01

351

Pathologies o Bone Fracture and Bone Repair  

E-print Network

(Bone Cancer) o Paget's Disease o Overuse Damage (Stress Fractures) o Considerations for Bioengineers1 Bone Pathologies o Bone Fracture and Bone Repair o Degenerative Changes Associated with Aging o TOPICS 1 Bone Fracture and Bone Repair A radiograph of a torsional bone fracture from a skiing accident

Gefen, Amit

352

Cysts of the lower male genitourinary tract: embryologic and anatomic considerations and differential diagnosis.  

PubMed

Cysts of the lower male genitourinary tract are uncommon and usually benign. These cysts have different anatomic origins and may be associated with a variety of genitourinary abnormalities and symptoms. Various complications may be associated with these cysts, such as urinary tract infection, pain, postvoiding incontinence, recurrent epididymitis, prostatitis, and hematospermia, and they may cause infertility. Understanding the embryologic development and normal anatomy of the lower male genitourinary tract can be helpful in evaluating these cysts and in tailoring an approach for developing a differential diagnosis. There are two main groups of cysts of the lower male genitourinary tract: intraprostatic cysts and extraprostatic cysts. Intraprostatic cysts can be further classified into median cysts (prostatic utricle cysts, müllerian duct cysts), paramedian cysts (ejaculatory duct cysts), and lateral cysts (prostatic retention cysts, cystic degeneration of benign prostatic hypertrophy, cysts associated with tumors, prostatic abscess). Extraprostatic cysts include cysts of the seminal vesicle, vas deferens, and Cowper duct. A variety of pathologic conditions can mimic these types of cysts, including ureterocele, defect resulting from transurethral resection of the prostate gland, bladder diverticulum, and hydroureter and ectopic insertion of ureter. Accurate diagnosis depends mainly on the anatomic location of the cyst. Magnetic resonance imaging and transrectal ultrasonography (US) are excellent for detecting and characterizing the nature and exact anatomic origin of these cysts. In addition, transrectal US can play an important therapeutic role in the management of cyst drainage and aspiration, as in cases of prostatic abscess. PMID:23842975

Shebel, Haytham M; Farg, Hashim M; Kolokythas, Orpheus; El-Diasty, Tarek

2013-01-01

353

Recapping hemilaminoplasty for spinal surgical disorders using ultrasonic bone curette  

PubMed Central

Objective: The authors present a novel method of the recapping hemilaminoplasty in a retrospective study of patients with spinal surgical disorders. This report describes the surgical technique and the results of hemilaminoplasty using an ultrasonic bone curette. The aim of this study was to examine the safety and effectiveness of the hemilaminoplasty technique with ultrasonic bone curette. Methods: Between April 2003 and July 2011, 33 patients with various spinal diseases (17 spinal tumors, 5 dural arteriovenous fistulas, 3 syringomyelia, 2 sacral perineural cysts, and 2 arachnoid cysts) were treated microsurgically by using an ultrasonic bone curette with scalpel blade and lightweight handpiece. The ultrasonic bone curette was used for division of lamina. After resection of the lesion, the excised lamina was replaced exactly in situ to its original anatomic position with a titanium plate and screw. Additional fusion technique was not required and the device was easy to handle. All patients were observed both neurologically and radiologically by dynamic plain radiographs and computed tomography (CT) scan. Results: The operation was performed successfully and there were no instrument-related complications such as dural laceration, nerve root injury, and vessels injury. The mean number of resected and restored lamina was 1.7. CT confirmed primary bone fusion in all patients by 12 months after surgery. Conclusion: The ultrasonic bone curette is a useful instrument for recapping hemilaminoplasty in various spinal surgeries. This method allows anatomical reconstruction of the excised bone to preserve the posterior surrounding tissues. PMID:22754735

Matsuoka, Hidenori; Itoh, Yasunobu; Numazawa, Shinichi; Tomii, Masato; Watanabe, Kazuo; Hirano, Yoshitaka; Nakagawa, Hiroshi

2012-01-01

354

Proteomic Analysis of the Cyst Stage of Entamoeba histolytica  

PubMed Central

Background The category B agent of bioterrorism, Entamoeba histolytica has a two-stage life cycle: an infective cyst stage, and an invasive trophozoite stage. Due to our inability to effectively induce encystation in vitro, our knowledge about the cyst form remains limited. This also hampers our ability to develop cyst-specific diagnostic tools. Aims Three main aims were (i) to identify E. histolytica proteins in cyst samples, (ii) to enrich our knowledge about the cyst stage, and (iii) to identify candidate proteins to develop cyst-specific diagnostic tools. Methods Cysts were purified from the stool of infected individuals using Percoll (gradient) purification. A highly sensitive LC-MS/MS mass spectrometer (Orbitrap) was used to identify cyst proteins. Results A total of 417 non-redundant E. histolytica proteins were identified including 195 proteins that were never detected in trophozoite-derived proteomes or expressed sequence tag (EST) datasets, consistent with cyst specificity. Cyst-wall specific glycoproteins Jacob, Jessie and chitinase were positively identified. Antibodies produced against Jacob identified cysts in fecal specimens and have potential utility as a diagnostic reagent. Several protein kinases, small GTPase signaling molecules, DNA repair proteins, epigenetic regulators, and surface associated proteins were also identified. Proteins we identified are likely to be among the most abundant in excreted cysts, and therefore show promise as diagnostic targets. Major Conclusions The proteome data generated here are a first for naturally-occurring E. histolytica cysts, and they provide important insights into the infectious cyst form. Additionally, numerous unique candidate proteins were identified which will aid the development of new diagnostic tools for identification of E. histolytica cysts. PMID:22590659

Ali, Ibne Karim M.; Haque, Rashidul; Siddique, Abdullah; Kabir, Mamun; Sherman, Nicholas E.; Gray, Sean A.; Cangelosi, Gerard A.; Petri, William A.

2012-01-01

355

Bendy Bones  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity (on pages 19-24 of PDF), learners soak chicken bones or eggshells in vinegar for several days. Learners observe what happens to the material as the acid dissolves the calcium that provides the strength to the material. The lesson includes information about calcium, calcium-rich foods that keep bones strong, and an explanation of how the acidic vinegar solution causes the bone or eggshell to become weak.

Omsi

2004-01-01

356

Video-assisted mediastinoscopic resection of mediastinal cyst (lymphangioma).  

PubMed

Mediastinal cysts account for 20% of all mediastinal masses. Symptomatic cysts need treatment, and surgical excision is the treatment of choice. One approach to resect them is video-assisted mediastinoscopy. An 80-year-old man with cough and dyspnea at rest was referred for evaluation. Chest computed tomography revealed a mediastinal cyst. Because of his symptoms, he was a candidate for surgery, and the cyst was resected by video-assisted mediastinoscopy through a cervical incision. Video-assisted mediastinoscopy is a safe and effective approach for complete resection of mediastinal cysts. PMID:24887894

Sadrizadeh, Ali; Bagheri, Reza; Afghani, Reza; Molaei, Mehdi

2014-11-01

357

Neurenteric cysts of the posterior fossa: recognition, management, and embryogenesis.  

PubMed

Neurenteric cysts are endothelium-lined structures most commonly encountered in the lower cervical or upper thoracic spinal cord. The occurrence of neurenteric cysts within the cranial vault is unusual. We present three patients with neurenteric cysts located within the posterior fossa: one near the jugular foramen deforming the 4th ventricle, a second in the cerebellopontine angle, and a third in the prepontine cistern. Several different theories have been advanced to explain the embryogenesis of neurenteric cysts. We review these theories and conclude that cranial neurenteric cysts may arise from a disturbance of early gastrulation, shortly after the onset of primitive streak regression. PMID:1758603

Harris, C P; Dias, M S; Brockmeyer, D L; Townsend, J J; Willis, B K; Apfelbaum, R I

1991-12-01

358

A symptomatic lumbosacral perineural cyst -A case report-.  

PubMed

Lumbosacral perineural cysts are formed by the arachnoid membrane of the nerve root at the lumbosacral level. Most of these cysts are asymptomatic and are found incidentally during computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for other causes of chronic lower back pain. This type of cyst requires a differential diagnosis to distinguish it from other causes of radiating pain and neurological symptoms. In the present case, a symptomatic lumbosacral perineural cyst was found, and pain relief was achieved by non-surgical treatment. A lumbosacral perineural cyst was identified from a differential diagnosis of a lumbar disc disorder that presented as radiating pain and neurological symptoms. PMID:22679550

Choi, Byung Hee; Kim, Sae Young; Kim, Jin Mo

2012-05-01

359

A symptomatic lumbosacral perineural cyst -A case report-  

PubMed Central

Lumbosacral perineural cysts are formed by the arachnoid membrane of the nerve root at the lumbosacral level. Most of these cysts are asymptomatic and are found incidentally during computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for other causes of chronic lower back pain. This type of cyst requires a differential diagnosis to distinguish it from other causes of radiating pain and neurological symptoms. In the present case, a symptomatic lumbosacral perineural cyst was found, and pain relief was achieved by non-surgical treatment. A lumbosacral perineural cyst was identified from a differential diagnosis of a lumbar disc disorder that presented as radiating pain and neurological symptoms. PMID:22679550

Choi, Byung Hee; Kim, Jin Mo

2012-01-01

360

Multiple epidermoid cysts arising in a cryptorchid testis following ochiopexy.  

PubMed

Epidermoid cysts of the testis are rare benign intratesticular lesions, representing about 1-2% of all intratesticular tumors. In the English literature, the total reported number of patients with an epidermoid cyst is approximately 300. Almost all of the previous reports were of a single lesion in a testis and the occurrence of epidermoid cysts in cryptorchid testis was extremely rare. Herein, we report on a patient with multiple epidermoid cysts in a cryptorchid testis following orchiopexy. Because the cysts arose in a cryptorchid testis and occupied most of the space of the testis, orchiectomy was performed. PMID:12051456

Wu, Yih-Shyan; Ou, Yen-Chuan; Ton, Yu-Ping; Hu, Ching; Ton, Yu-Lin

2002-03-01

361

Extraforaminal lumbar synovial cyst causing sudden foot drop: case report.  

PubMed

A 52-year-old female presented with extraforaminal lumbar synovial cyst at the L4-5 level causing sudden foot drop on the right. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and coronal MR myelography source images identified the cystic mass in the extraforaminal zone. The patient underwent microdecompression via a lateral transmuscular route, and the extraforaminal cyst compressing L4 ganglion was successfully removed. The histological diagnosis was synovial cyst. This unique case of surgically proven extraforaminal lumbar synovial cyst causing sudden foot drop indicates that extraforaminal synovial cyst should be included in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with sudden foot drop. PMID:19106499

Kim, Jin Uk; Lee, Sang-Ho; Lee, Dong Yeob

2008-12-01

362

Laparoscopic excision of large ciliated hepatic foregut cyst  

PubMed Central

Ciliated hepatic foregut cysts (CHFCs) are rare congenital cysts of the liver that originate from the embryologic foregut. Despite an increase in incidence, they remain rare and several key characteristics remain poorly understood, including the range of presentation and the risk of malignant conversion. Large, symptomatic cysts and small asymptomatic, atypical cysts should be resected. We present a patient who recently underwent laparoscopic excision of a CHFC, review the literature and propose the rationale for attempting removal of these cysts through a laparoscopic approach. PMID:25013332

Saravanan, Janakiraman; Manoharan, Govindhan; Jeswanth, Satheyanesan; Ravichandran, Palaniyappan

2014-01-01

363

Popliteal cysts and subgastrocnemius bursitis are associated with knee symptoms and structural abnormalities in older adults: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Introduction The role of popliteal cysts and subgastrocnemius bursitis in knee joint homeostasis is uncertain. The aim of this study is to describe cross-sectional associations between popliteal cysts, subgastrocnemius bursitis, knee symptoms and structural abnormalities in older adults. Methods A cross-sectional sample of 900 randomly-selected subjects (mean age 63 years, 48% female) were studied. Knee pain, stiffness and dysfunction were assessed by self-administered Western Ontario McMaster Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) questionnaire. Radiographic knee osteophyte and joint space narrowing (JSN) were recorded. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was utilized to assess popliteal cysts, subgastrocnemius bursitis, cartilage defects and bone marrow lesions (BMLs). Results Popliteal cysts were present in 11.7% and subgastrocnemius bursitis in 12.7% of subjects. Subgastrocnemius bursitis was more common in those with popliteal cyst (36.2% versus 9.7%, P <0.01). In multivariable analyses, popliteal cysts were significantly associated with increased osteophytes in both medial and lateral tibiofemoral compartments while subgastrocnemius bursitis was associated with increased osteophytes and JSN in the medial tibiofemoral compartment. Both were significantly associated with cartilage defects in all compartments, and with BMLs in the medial tibiofemoral compartment. Furthermore, both popliteal cysts and subgastrocnemius bursitis were significantly associated with increased weight-bearing knee pain but these associations became non-significant after adjustment for cartilage defects and BMLs. Conclusions Popliteal cysts and subgastrocnemius bursitis are associated with increased symptoms as well as radiographic and MRI-detected joint structural abnormalities. Longitudinal data will help resolve if they are a consequence or a cause of knee joint abnormalities. PMID:24581327

2014-01-01

364

Molecular pathology of bone tumours: diagnostic implications.  

PubMed

Alongside histomorphology and immunohistochemistry, molecular pathology is now established as one of the cornerstones in the tissue diagnosis of bone tumours. We describe the principal molecular pathological techniques employed, and each of the bone tumour entities where their identified characteristic molecular pathological changes can be detected to support and confirm the suspected histological diagnosis. Tumours discussed include fibrous dysplasia, classical and subtype osteosarcomas, central and surface cartilaginous tumours, Ewing's sarcoma, vascular tumours, aneurysmal bone cyst, chordoma, myoepithelioma, and angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma. This is a rapidly evolving field with discoveries occurring every few months, and some of the newer entities (the Ewing's-like sarcomas), which are principally identified by their molecular pathology characteristics, are discussed. PMID:24428620

Puls, Florian; Niblett, Angela J; Mangham, D Chas

2014-03-01

365

Male median raphe cysts: serial retrospective analysis and histopathological classification  

PubMed Central

Background To review the clinical and pathological characteristics of median raphe cysts and to classify the lesions according to pathogenesis and histopathological findings. Methods The medical records of patients who were diagnosed with median raphe cysts between 2001 and 2010 were reviewed to document the clinical presentation and pathological findings of the cysts. Results Most patients were asymptomatic; however, 9 patients had inflammatory or infectious cysts that were tender or painful. Four patients who had cysts on the parameatus and distal prepuce had difficulty voiding. Hematuria and hematospermia were noted in 2 cases. Thirty-one cysts were lined with an urothelium-like epithelium, and a squamous epithelium lining was found in 3 cases. In 2 cases, a well-formed mucinous glandular structure was observed. The other 20 cysts consisted of mixed epithelia. After excision of the cysts under local or general anesthesia, an urethral fistula developed as a complication in only 1 case. Conclusions Median raphe cysts are benign lesions formed due to tissue trapping during the development of urethral folds. The cysts can be defined into 4 types based on pathological findings: urethral, epidermoid, glandular, and mixed. The associated symptoms and signs should be taken into consideration when determining the treatment for the cysts. Virtual slides The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http//http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/7727074877500751 PMID:22978603

2012-01-01

366

Brown-séquard syndrome caused by a cervical synovial cyst.  

PubMed

Synovial cysts are recognized as an uncommon cause of radicular and myelopathic symptoms. They are most frequently found in the lumbar region. The cervical spine or cervicothoracic junction is a rare location for a degenerative intraspinal synovial cyst as compared with the lumbar spine. At given cervical spinal levels, synovial cysts probably share clinical features with disc herniation and stenosis. However, the pathogenesis of synovial cysts remains still controversial. Here, we report a rare case of a synovial cyst in the lower cervical spine presented as Brown-Séquard syndrome and include a brief review of the literature. To the best of our knowledge, no previous report has been issued in the English literature on a synovial cyst presenting with Brown-Séquard syndrome. Neurologic function recovered completely after complete removal of the cyst and expansive laminoplasty. PMID:25024827

Kim, Seok Won; Ju, Chang Il; Kim, Hyeun Sung; Kim, Yun Sung

2014-04-01

367

Ganglion cyst of the posterior longitudinal ligament causing lumbar radiculopathy.  

PubMed

Degenerated conditions such as herniated disc or spinal stenosis are common etiologies of lumbar radiculopathy. Less common etiologies include spinal extradural cyst such as synovial cysts and ganglion cysts. Ganglion cyst of the posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) of the spine is a rare entity that can result in classical sciatica. Posterior longitudinal ligament cyst has no continuity with the facet joint and has no epithelial lining. Two young male patients presented with unilateral sciatica and were found to have intraspinal cystic lesions causing lumbar radiculopathy. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated rounded, cystic lesions (i.e., hypointense on T1- but hyperintense on T2-weighted images) adjacent to minimally dehydrated, nonherniated disc spaces in both cases. These patients underwent posterior decompression and cysts were excised, and their sciatic symptoms were completely resolved. Histological examination showed typical features of ganglion cysts in these cases. PMID:20461173

Cho, Sung-Min; Rhee, Woo-Tack; Lee, Sang-Youl; Lee, Sang-Bok

2010-04-01

368

A new method of assessing the size of mandibular cysts on orthopantomograms: projection area fraction.  

PubMed

This study was carried out to describe a simple, accurate, and practical technique for assessing mandible cysts' area on routine orthopantomograms using digital planimetry.Forty orthopantomograms showing mandibular cysts were obtained. The digitalized images were used to measure the surface area of the half mandibles and cysts using ImageJ software by an observer. The projection area of the half mandibles and cysts was provided by the machine. The surface area fraction of the cysts within the half mandibles was estimated by using the projection area fraction (PAF) approach. Estimations were repeated on films 1 month later.The mean PAF (mean +/- SEM) obtained by the same observer in 2 sessions was 10.6% +/- 2.3% and 13.0% +/- 2.0% for the right and left sides, respectively. The estimation results of 2 sessions were compared using the Wilcoxon signed rank test. This study found no statistical difference between the estimated PAF values (P > 0.05). The estimation results of the same observer at 1-month intervals were analyzed statistically to check intraobserver variation using a correlation analysis test, which found a high degree of agreement for the results estimated using the planimetric method for the right and left sides (r = 0.994, P < 0.001 and r = 0.999, P < 0.001, respectively).The method described in this study is inexpensive and fast because planimetry can be performed within a couple of minutes per subject. This method can also be used to monitor the size difference of lesions evaluated for clinical follow-up and research. PMID:19881376

Bulut, Emel; Sahin, Bünyamin

2009-11-01

369

Cyclic GMP controls Rhodospirillum centenum cyst development.  

PubMed

Adenylyl cyclases are widely distributed across all kingdoms whereas guanylyl cyclases are generally thought to be restricted to eukaryotes. Here we report that the ?-proteobacterium Rhodospirillum centenum secretes cGMP when developing cysts and that a guanylyl cyclase deletion strain fails to synthesize cGMP and is defective in cyst formation. The R. centenum cyclase was purified and shown to effectively synthesize cGMP from GTP in vitro, demonstrating that it is a functional guanylyl cyclase. A homologue of the Escherichia coli cAMP receptor protein (CRP) is linked to the guanylyl cyclase and when deleted is deficient in cyst development. Isothermal calorimetry (ITC) and differential scanning fluorimetry (DSF) analyses demonstrate that the recombinant CRP homologue preferentially binds to, and is stabilized by cGMP, but not cAMP. This study thus provides evidence that cGMP has a crucial role in regulating prokaryotic development. The involvement of cGMP in regulating bacterial development has broader implications as several plant-interacting bacteria contain a similar cyclase coupled by the observation that Azospirillum brasilense also synthesizes cGMP when inducing cysts. PMID:21214648

Marden, Jeremiah N; Dong, Qian; Roychowdhury, Sugata; Berleman, James E; Bauer, Carl E

2011-02-01

370

Evaluation of Branchiogenic Cysts by Ultrasound  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ultrasound and palpation findings of 17 patients with branchiogenic cysts were studied. Results were compared with operative and histopathologic findings in 13 patients, and to fistulography, cytologic examination and\\/or CT in 4 patients. Ultrasound findings (appearance, location and extension) were characteristic in 15 of 17 cases. Palpation proved to be incorrect or inconclusive in more than half of the patients.

Robert J. Baatenburg de Jong; Robert J. Rongen; Johan S. Laméris; Paul Knegt; Carel D. A. Verwoerd

1993-01-01

371

A Case of Laparoscopic Mesenteric Cyst Excision  

PubMed Central

The objective of this study is to discuss the presentation, diagnosis, and surgical management of a young, healthy patient with a symptomatic mesenteric cyst. He had a 5-month history of abdominal pain from this disorder, and the case is presented to illustrate the clinical picture and operative management of this rare disorder. PMID:22988537

Jain, Vikalp; DeMuro, Jonas P.; Geller, Matthew; Selbs, Elena; Romero, Carlos

2012-01-01

372

ROTATIONAL EFFECTS ON SOYBEAN CYST NEMATODES  

E-print Network

In 2002 we concluded a three-year study of the soybean cyst nematode (SCN), Heterodera glycines, in commercial soybean fields in Wisconsin. We studied 20 fields in 5 counties during at least one soybean crop plus one rotation crop. The fields were intensively sampled and each sampling location was georeferenced and data collected on multiple dates. Some of the

Ann Macguidwin

373

EFFECT OF HALOGENS ON 'GIARDIA' CYST VIABILITY  

EPA Science Inventory

The objective of this research was to determine the effect of chlorine and other disinfecting agents on Giardia lamblia cyst viability. The agents studied included free residual chlorine and six different methods recommended for emergency disinfection of small quantities of water...

374

Tarlov cysts: an overlooked clinical problem.  

PubMed

Symptomatic Tarlov cysts typically cause chronic pelvic and lower extremity pain and sacral nerve root radiculopathy. Historically, open surgical treatment involved significant patient morbidity, particularly postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks and infection. These CSF leaks often required multiple surgical procedures to seal. Over the past 20 years, there have been two or three isolated case reports of computed tomography (CT)-guided needle aspirations that offered limited evidence of treatment efficacy and safety. Some have reported high rates of postprocedure aseptic meningitis that were not well explained. These poor results dissuaded physicians from caring for these patients. As a group these patients are usually treated dismissively and told their cysts are asymptomatic and their pain must be coming from somewhere else. Many of them have had an unnecessary discectomy or a spinal fusion, and when these procedures did not relieve their pain they were told they are a "failed back patient." We have treated more than a hundred patients with symptomatic Tarlov cysts by CT fluoroscopic-guided needle aspiration and fibrin injection and have had excellent results with no meaningful complications and never a case of aseptic meningitis. We believe this is a safe, highly effective first-line treatment for symptomatic Tarlov cysts. PMID:21500136

Murphy, Kieran J; Nussbaum, David A; Schnupp, Susan; Long, Donlin

2011-04-01

375

Intraspinal synovial cyst: diagnosis by CT  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report a case of intraspinal synovial cyst with sciatic pain diagnosed by CT, that showed spontaneous resolution and clinical improvement with medical treatment and comment on another two cases of this unusual entity discovered among over 1500 spinal CT explorations.

J. Mercader; J. Mufioz Gomez; C. Cardenal

1985-01-01

376

Orbital Epidermoid Cysts: A Diagnosis to Consider  

PubMed Central

Background. Orbital epidermoids form a rare pathological entity that is separate from dermoid cysts. They have variable clinical and radiological presentations and they should be considered in the differential diagnosis of orbital cystic lesions. This work describes the various clinical and radiological presentations of 17 cases of epidermoid cysts and the surgical outcome. Method. A prospective interventional study was conducted on 17 patients diagnosed with epidermoid cysts. Patients' symptoms and signs were recorded; CT scan was done for all patients. All lesions were removed through anterior orbitotomy and histopathological diagnosis confirmed. Results. Mean age of patients was 16.3 years ±??10.54. Main complaints were lid swelling, masses, ocular dissimilarity, chronic pain, and ocular protrusion. Clinical signs varied from lid swelling and masses in all cases to proptosis, globe displacement, limitation of ocular motility, and scars. Radiological findings ranged from homogenous hypodense masses (58.8%) to homogenous radiolucent (17.6%) and heterogenous masses (23.5%). No recurrences following surgeries were reported throughout the follow-up (mean 18.8 months ±??0.72). Conclusion. Deep orbital epidemoid cysts are a separate entity that can behave like deep orbital epidermoid; however, they usually present at a relatively older age. They can be associated with increased orbital volume but not necessarily related to bony sutures. PMID:25276416

Eltanamly, Rasha M.

2014-01-01

377

Ganglion cyst of the posterior cruciate ligament  

Microsoft Academic Search

A ganglion is a fluid cyst with a myxoid matrix that arises close to the tendons and joints. Its occurrence inside a joint is rare. Among the various pathological conditions producing impairment of the knee function, ganglia of the cruciate ligaments are quite rare.It may be painful or asymptomatic. Some patients may have a trauma history. Ganglia may mimic intra-articular

F. Ahmed; S. A. Ibrahim; A. Soliman; S. Khirat

2010-01-01

378

KAI-1 protein expression in odontogenic cysts.  

PubMed

The KAI-1 tumor suppressor gene is widely distributed in normal tissues and its down-regulation may be correlated with the invasive phenotype and metastases in several different epithelial tumors. The aim of the present study was an evaluation of KAI-1 expression in radicular cysts (RC), follicular cysts (FC), orthokeratinized keratocysts (OOKC), and parakeratinized keratocysts (POKC). Eighty-five odontogenic cysts, 28 RC, 22 FC, and 35 OKC (16 OOKC, 19 POKC) were selected. All the POKC were negative and only four of 16 of the OOKC were positive for KAI-1. On the contrary, all RC and FC cases were positive and immunoreactivity for KAI-1 was detected throughout all the layers of the cyst epithelium. The lack of KAI-1 expression in POKC could help to explain the differences in the clinical and pathologic behavior of OKC and, according to what has been reported for epithelial tumors, could be related to the increased aggressive behavior and invasiveness of OKC. PMID:17320703

Iezzi, Giovanna; Piattelli, Adriano; Artese, Luciano; Goteri, Gaia; Fioroni, Massimiliano; Rubini, Corrado

2007-03-01

379

Plant Disease Lesson: Soybean cyst nematode disease  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This plant disease lesson on Soybean cyst nematode disease (caused by Heterodera glycines) includes information on symptoms and signs, pathogen biology, disease cycle and epidemiology, disease management, and the significance of the disease. Selected references are listed and a glossary is also available for use with this resource.

Eric L. Davis (North Carolina State University;); Gregory L. Tylka (Iowa State University;)

2000-07-25

380

[Sacral perineural cyst--report of a case].  

PubMed

The presence of cysts within the sacral spinal canal, so-called sacral cysts, is described in literature. These include 'sacral perineural cyst', 'sacral extradural cyst', 'occult intrasacral meningocele' and 'anterior sacral meningocele'. Sacral perineural cyst in these cystic disorders was first described as an incidental autopsy finding by Tarlov in 1938. Since then, several reports have been made describing the sign and symptom, neurological findings, roentgenographic diagnosis and cause and origin of the sacral perineural cysts, although many problems are not yet solved satisfactorily. This cyst occurs on the extradural components of sacral or coccygeal nerve roots. Although most are asymptomatic, these occasionally cause low back pain, sciatic and sacrococcygeal pain, sensory and motor disturbance in the lower extremities, and urinary dysfunction, which symptoms are similar to those brought on by lumbar disc herniation. In 1948, Tarlov reported a case of sciatic pain due to a perineural cyst, the removal of which relieved the symptoms. Symptoms occur because adjacent nerve roots are impinged upon by the thin-walled, fluid-filled cysts, which are formed in a space between the endoneurium and the perineurium. Microscopically, the cyst walls consist of peripheral nerve fibers or ganglionic cells covered with meningeal epithelium. Communication of the cyst with subarachnoid cerebrospinal fluid may be poor, but myelogram and CT myelogram demonstrate the cysts filling with contrast media. With the advent of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), imaging of the sacral perineural cysts has improved. Recently we had the opportunity to evaluate a patient in whom perineural cysts had caused considerable erosion of the sacrum.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:3221973

Kato, T; Takamura, H; Goto, S; Sasaki, H; Makino, K; Ozaki, N; Hodozuka, A

1988-06-01

381

Talking Bones.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes cooperation with the Saint Louis Zoo to provide opportunities for elementary school students to learn about bones, how animals move, what they eat, and how much they grow. Uses biofacts which include bones, skulls, and other parts to make the laboratory a hands-on experience for students. (YDS)

Johnson, Jaclyn; Kassing, Sharon

2002-01-01

382

Bear Bones  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An estimated ten million Americans have osteoporosis, an age-related disease in which the bones gradually become brittle and weak. Now, scientists are looking to animals for clues on how to combat this condition. This resource describes the study of sustaining bone strength of hibernating bears.

Science Update;

2004-03-08

383

Intraosseous Epidermoid Cyst Associated with Impacted Mandibular Wisdom Teeth: An Uncommon Entity  

PubMed Central

Epidermoid and dermoid cysts of the jaws are seen rarely. The formation theories of the intraosseous epidermoid cyst (IEC) are not clear. The radiographic appearance is similar with unilocular cysts. Surgical enucleation is the suggested treatment method for epidermoid cysts. This case report presents bilateral mandibular intraosseous epidermoid cysts with impacted wisdom teeth which is the first documented case in the literature. PMID:25177657

Akkas, Ismail; Tek, Mustafa; Ozan, Fatih; Boran, Cetin

2014-01-01

384

Amura, et al. CXCR2 agonists in ADPKD liver cyst fluids promote cell proliferation  

E-print Network

kidney disease (ADPKD) is a highly prevalent genetic disease that results in cyst formation in kidney autocrine/paracrine signaling and promote cyst growth. Comparative analyses of human kidney and liver cyst proliferative agents that were found at high levels in liver but not kidney cyst fluids. Liver cysts are lined

Boyer, Edmond

385

Thoracoscopic stapled resection of multiple esophageal duplication cysts with different pathological findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Esophageal duplication cyst is a rare congenital esophageal anomaly of the foregut. This cyst usually occurs in isolation, and thus far, was treated by enucleation through thoracoscopic or thoracotomic surgery. Here we report a case of multiple esophageal duplication cysts that showed different pathological findings, i.e., the cysts were lined with pseudostratified ciliated columnar and stratified squamous epithelium. Esophageal cysts

Chul Ung Kang; Deog Gon Cho; Kyu Do Cho; Min Seop Jo

2008-01-01

386

Thoracoscopic stapled resection of multiple esophageal duplication cysts with different pathological findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Esophageal duplication cyst is a rare congenital esophageal anomaly of the foregut. This cyst usually occurs in isolation, and thus far, was treated by enucleation through thoracoscopic or thoracotomic surgery. Here we report a case of multiple esophageal duplication cysts that showed different pathological findings, i.e., the cysts were lined with pseudostratified ciliated columnar and stratified squamous epithelium. Esophageal cysts

Chul Ung Kang; Deog Gon Cho; Kyu Do Cho; Min Seop Jo

387

High Doses of Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 Induce Structurally Abnormal Bone and Inflammation In Vivo  

PubMed Central

The major Food and Drug Association–approved osteoinductive factors in wide clinical use are bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs). Although BMPs can promote robust bone formation, they also induce adverse clinical effects, including cyst-like bone formation and significant soft tissue swelling. In this study, we evaluated multiple BMP2 doses in a rat femoral segmental defect model and in a minimally traumatic rat femoral onlay model to determine its dose-dependent effects. Results of our femoral segmental defect model established a low BMP2 concentration range (5 and 10??g/mL, total dose 0.375 and 0.75??g in 75??g total volume) unable to induce defect fusion, a mid-range BMP2 concentration range able to fuse the defect without adverse effects (30??g/mL, total dose 2.25??g in 75??g total volume), and a high BMP2 concentration range (150, 300, and 600??g/mL, total dose 11.25, 22.5, and 45??g in 75??g total volume) able to fuse the defect, but with formation of cyst-like bony shells filled with histologically confirmed adipose tissue. In addition, compared to control, 4?mg/mL BMP2 also induced significant tissue inflammatory infiltrates and exudates in the femoral onlay model that was accompanied by increased numbers of osteoclast-like cells at 3, 7, and 14 days. Overall, we consistently reproduced BMP2 side effects of cyst-like bone and soft tissue swelling using high BMP2 concentration approaching the typical human 1500??g/mL. PMID:21247344

Zara, Janette N.; Siu, Ronald K.; Zhang, Xinli; Shen, Jia; Ngo, Richard; Lee, Min; Li, Weiming; Chiang, Michael; Chung, Jonguk; Kwak, Jinny; Wu, Benjamin M.; Ting, Kang

2011-01-01

388

Bone Identification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity (page 3 of the PDF) is a full inquiry investigation into fossil hunting and identification. Groups of learners will sift through a commercially prepared owl pellet, looking for bone pieces that they will attempt to match to an identification chart and subsequently arrange into a rough skeleton. Learners use this exercise to consider how animal skeletons help researchers determine what kinds of animals live together in an ecosystem as well compare the bones they find to the bones in their own body. Relates to linked video, DragonflyTV GPS: Dinosaurs.

Twin Cities Public Television, Inc.

2006-01-01

389

Prevalence of developmental odontogenic cysts in children and adolescents with emphasis on dentigerous cyst and odontogenic keratocyst (keratocystic odontogenic tumor).  

PubMed

Abstract Objective. To investigate the incidence and prevalence of developmental odontogenic cysts in children and adolescents and compare the features of the two most common types, dentigerous cyst and keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT). Study design. A retrospective review in a series of 369 patients with all histological diagnoses of developmental odontogenic cysts in children (?12 years) and adolescents (13-18 years) was conducted. Results. Among these, 361 (97.8%) patients were diagnosed as dentigerous cyst (n = 281) and KCOT (n = 80), with the male-to-female ratios of dentigerous cyst and KCOT both being 2:1. The average age of the patients with KCOT was older than that of those with dentigerous cyst (14.7 years vs 11.8 years, p < 0.001). Dentigerous cyst (59.1%) was more common in children, but KCOT (78.8%) was more common in adolescents (p < 0.001). Dentigerous cyst (57.6%) predominantly located on the maxilla, but KCOT (60.3%) predominantly located on the mandible (p = 0.010). Conclusions. Adolescent patients with lesions located on the mandible would favor KCOT over dentigerous cyst. This study aids in better knowledge of the prevalence of developmental odontogenic cysts in a large pediatric population, and shows that a well-supported early diagnosis is indispensable for a more adequate treatment. PMID:24832690

Li, Nannan; Gao, Xing; Xu, Ziyuan; Chen, Zhuo; Zhu, Laikuan; Wang, Jinrui; Liu, Wei

2014-11-01

390

The Toxoplasma gondii cyst wall protein CST1 is critical for cyst wall integrity and promotes bradyzoite persistence  

SciTech Connect

Toxoplasma gondii infects up to one third of the world’s population. A key to the success of T.gondii is its ability to persist for the life of its host as bradyzoites within tissue cysts. The glycosylated cyst wall is the key structural feature that facilitates persistence and oral transmission of this parasite. We have identified CST1 (TGME49_064660) as a 250 kDa SRS (SAG1 related sequence) domain protein with a large mucin-like domain. CST1 is responsible for the Dolichos biflorus Agglutinin (DBA) lectin binding characteristic of T. gondii cysts. Deletion of CST1 results in a fragile brain cyst phenotype revealed by a thinning and disruption of the underlying region of the cyst wall. These defects are reversed by complementation of CST1. Additional complementation experiments demonstrate that the CST1-mucin domain is necessary for the formation of a normal cyst wall structure, the ability of the cyst to resist mechanical stress and binding of DBA to the cyst wall. RNA-seq transcriptome analysis demonstrated dysregulation of bradyzoite genes within the various cst1 mutants. These results indicate that CST1 functions as a key structural component that reinforces the cyst wall structure and confers essential sturdiness to the T. gondii tissue cyst.

Tomita, Tadakimi; Bzik, David J.; Ma, Yan Fen; Fox, Barbara A.; Markillie, Lye Meng; Taylor, Ronald C.; Kim, Kami; Weiss, Louis M.

2013-12-26

391

Broken bone  

MedlinePLUS

Bone - broken; Fracture; Stress fracture ... as those caused by running, can cause stress fractures of the foot, ankle, tibia, or hip ... circulation. Press firmly over the skin beyond the fracture site. (For example, if the fracture is in ...

392

Rupture of Right Hepatic Duct into Hydatid Cyst  

PubMed Central

Echinococcal disease can develop anywhere in the human body. The liver represents its most frequent location. Hepatic hydatid cysts may rupture into the biliary tract, thorax, peritoneum, viscera, digestive tract or skin. We report a rare case with rupture of the right hepatic duct into a hydatid cyst in a woman with known hydatid disease and choledocholithiasis. The increased intra-luminal pressure in the biliary tree caused the rupture into the adjacent hydatid cyst. The creation of the fistula between the right hepatic duct and the hydatid cyst decompressed the biliary tree, decreased the bilirubin levels and offered a temporary resolution of the obstructive jaundice. Rupture of a hydatid cyst into the biliary tree usually leads to biliary colic, cholangitis and jaundice. However, in case of obstructive jaundice due to choledocholithiasis, it is possible that the cyst may rupture by other way around while offering the patient a temporary relief from his symptoms. PMID:22876065

Laskou, Styliani; Papavramidis, Theodossis S.; Pliakos, Ioannis; Kotidis, Eustathios; Kesisoglou, Isaak; Papavramidis, Spiros T.

2012-01-01

393

Periampullary duodenal duplication cyst masquerading as a choledochocele.  

PubMed

Enteric duplication cysts are rare congenital anomalies of unclear etiology. While they can occur anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract, they typically occur in the ileum or ileocecal region and very rarely in the duodenum. Here, we report a case of a periampullary duodenal duplication cyst in a 13-year-old male who presented with clinical and laboratory evidence of small bowel obstruction, hepatitis, and pancreatitis. Based on radiologic imaging, the patient was thought to have a type III choledochal cyst (choledochocele) within the duodenal lumen. Intraoperative findings and postoperative pathological evaluation, however, revealed that the lesion was a duodenal duplication cyst masquerading as a choledochal cyst. Interestingly, the duplication cyst was communicating with the common bile duct, simultaneously causing biliary and small bowel obstruction. PMID:22752148

Koffie, Robert M; Lee, Sang; Perez-Atayde, Antonio; Mooney, David P

2012-10-01

394

A novel approach: chest wall cyst excised by MIS  

PubMed Central

We present a 62-year-old male with a recurrent cyst in the left posterior chest. MRI demonstrated a fluid-filled cavity measuring 23 cm in length and 11 cm in width. The cyst was aspirated demonstrating clear serous fluid. However, the cyst returned and he was referred to us for further treatment. The cyst was excised through a minimally invasive approach using a combination of blunt and electrocautery dissection. The cystic lesion was circumferentially freed from the trapezius muscle and cervical structures. Pathologic examination revealed a benign, fibrous-walled cyst without a true epithelial lining. There are no published reports of a deep thoracic wall cyst resembling this case in terms of histology or location. This patient is free of recurrence 1 year later. PMID:24963907

AlJamal, Yazan N.; Siroy, Alan E.; Farley, David R.

2013-01-01

395

Heterotopic intestinal cyst of the submandibular gland: a case study.  

PubMed

Heterotopic gastrointestinal cysts are rarely found in the oral cavity. Most of these cysts are lined with gastric mucosa and involve the tongue. There have been no reported heterotopic intestinal cysts of the submandibular gland that are completely lined with colonic mucosa. An 8-year-old girl presented with an enlarging swelling in the left submandibular area, and a 4-cm unilocular cyst was fully excised. The cyst was completely lined with colonic mucosa that was surrounded by smooth muscle layer, and the lining cells were positive for CDX-2, an intestinal marker, indicating a high degree of differentiation. The pathogenesis remains unclear, but it may be related to the misplacement of embryonic rests within the oral cavity during early fetal development. Although heterotopic intestinal cysts rarely occur in the submandibular gland, they should be considered in the differential diagnosis of facial swellings in the pediatric population. PMID:23837022

Kwon, Mi Jung; Kim, Dong Hoon; Park, Hye-Rim; Min, Soo Kee; Seo, Jinwon; Kim, Eun Soo; Kim, Si Whan; Park, Bumjung

2013-06-01

396

A novel approach: chest wall cyst excised by MIS.  

PubMed

We present a 62-year-old male with a recurrent cyst in the left posterior chest. MRI demonstrated a fluid-filled cavity measuring 23 cm in length and 11 cm in width. The cyst was aspirated demonstrating clear serous fluid. However, the cyst returned and he was referred to us for further treatment. The cyst was excised through a minimally invasive approach using a combination of blunt and electrocautery dissection. The cystic lesion was circumferentially freed from the trapezius muscle and cervical structures. Pathologic examination revealed a benign, fibrous-walled cyst without a true epithelial lining. There are no published reports of a deep thoracic wall cyst resembling this case in terms of histology or location. This patient is free of recurrence 1 year later. PMID:24963907

AlJamal, Yazan N; Siroy, Alan E; Farley, David R

2013-01-01

397

Retrorectal Dermoid Cyst: a Rare Clinical Entity  

PubMed Central

The retrorectal space represents the anatomical site at which level we identify the embryologic reminiscents in which it can develop liquid tumors - cysts or solid tumors - neoplasia. These tumors are rare but pose a diagnostic and therapeutic interest. This paper presents the case of a young 18 years-old diagnosed incidentally at a gynecological examination, with a palpable tumor developed, at the retrorectal space. Imaging examinations - transvaginal ultrasound and abdominal - pelvic computer tomographic exam - have supported the presence of a cystic tumor with a maximum diameter of 7.8 cm., in the space retrorectal. The lesion presented surgical indication, so it needed a posterior approach with resection of the coccyx enough for the control and safety of the operation. Histopathological examination revealed a dermoid cyst. Five years after surgery the patient is presented in good general condition, asymptomatic without clinical and imaging signs of local-regional recurrence. PMID:24778859

Munteanu, I.; Badulescu, Adriana; Mastalier, B.; Munteanu, Mihaela Luminita; Diaconu, Emilia; Popescu, Carmen

2013-01-01

398

Lumbar Epidural Varix Mimicking Perineural Cyst  

PubMed Central

Lumbar epidural varices are rare and usually mimick lumbar disc herniations. Back pain and radiculopathy are the main symptoms of lumbar epidural varices. Perineural cysts are radiologically different lesions and should not be confused with epidural varix. A 36-year-old male patient presented to us with right leg pain. The magnetic resonance imaging revealed a cystic lesion at S1 level that was compressing the right root, and was interpreted as a perineural cyst. The patient underwent surgery via right L5 and S1 hemilaminectomy, and the lesion was coagulated and removed. The histopathological diagnosis was epidural varix. The patient was clinically improved and the follow-up magnetic resonance imaging showed the absence of the lesion. Lumbar epidural varix should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of the cystic lesions which compress the spinal roots. PMID:23741553

Pusat, Serhat; Kural, Cahit; Aslanoglu, Atilla; Kurt, Bulent

2013-01-01

399

Adenocarcinoma associated with tail gut cyst  

PubMed Central

Primary adenocarcinomas of the presacral (retrorectal) space are rare. The diagnosis is usually delayed because of non-specific symptoms, and is made after a biopsy or surgery. These carcinomas arise from cystic lesions developing from remnants of the embryological postanal gut containing mucous-secreting epithelium, known as tail gut cysts. The potential for infection, perianal fistulas and most importantly, malignant change warrants an early complete surgical resection. From an oncologist’s perspective, the management of these carcinomas has varied, and has included adjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. We describe here a rare case of adenocarcinoma associated with a tail gut cyst that was discovered incidentally and resected by a posterior approach (Kraske procedure). The patient has had clinical and periodic radiologic surveillance without any evidence of cancer recurrence for over a year and a half. PMID:23450681

Wise, Susannah; Maloney-Patel, Nell; Rezac, Craig; Poplin, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

400

Popliteal Cysts in Paediatric Patients: Clinical Characteristics and Imaging Features on Ultrasound and MRI  

PubMed Central

Popliteal cysts, or Baker cysts, are considered rare in children and may exhibit particular features, as compared with adults. We studied data from 80 paediatric patients with 55 Baker cysts, examined over a period of 7 years, and correlated clinical presentation with findings on ultrasonography and MRI. Prevalence of popliteal cysts was 57% in arthritic knees, 58% with hypermobility syndrome, and 28% without risk factors. Only one patient had a trauma history and showed an ipsilateral cyst. Mean cyst volume was 3.4?mL; cysts were larger in boys. Patients with arthritis had echogenic cysts in 53%. Cyst communication with the joint space was seen in 64% on ultrasonography and 86% on MRI. In conclusion, Baker cysts are a common finding in a clinically preselected paediatric population. Children with Baker cysts should be assessed for underlying arthritis and inherited joint hypermobility, while sporadic Baker cysts appear to be common, as well. PMID:22046524

Neubauer, Henning; Morbach, Henner; Schwarz, Tobias; Wirth, Clemens; Girschick, Hermann; Beer, Meinrad

2011-01-01

401

[Echo-guided puncture of intraprostatic cysts].  

PubMed

The occurrence of an obstruction of the ejaculatory ducts, in spite of its rarity, must be considered by the Urologists in the screening of the etiologic causes of obstructive azoospermia. Nowadays, the diagnostic approach, which includes the biochemical study of seminal plasma and prostatic ultrasound, often leads to the preoperative recognition of the site of obstruction. Various surgical and endoscopic techniques have been adopted for the treatment of ejaculatory duct obstructions in different historical periods. Herein we describe our experience that starts from 1979. 17 infertile patients with intraprostatic cysts and 2 with a stenosis of the veru montanum were treated by us following these criteria: 9 azoospermic patients underwent scrototomy and endoscopy; 10 patients with a severe oligozoospermia underwent echo-guided puncture of an intraprostatic cyst. The patients were placed in the lithotomy position, a 16 G needle was adopted and by means ultrasound was possible to follow the needle entering the cyst. When no spermatozoa was detected in the cystic liquid, sclerosing agents (Sodium-tetradecyl-sulphate 30 mg in 1 l.) was introduced. This easy procedure was carried out on outpatients in local anaesthesia. One out of ten oligozoospermic patients had to repeat the echo-guided puncture of intraprostatic cyst as the first attempt had been followed by recurrence. Eight out of ten subfertile patients who had undergone percutaneous echo-guided treatment had longer than 1 year follow-up: in seven cases an increase in sperms number and motility was obtained; in one case sperm count remained unmodified. In three cases the partners became pregnant. PMID:8353540

Belgrano, E; Trombetta, C; Salisci, E; Paoni, A; Deriu, M; Usai, W

1993-08-01

402

[Primary pelvic hydatid cyst: a case report].  

PubMed

The purpose of this report is to describe a case of primary pelvic hydatid cyst in a 30-year-old man who presented with abdominal symptoms related to compression of the rectum and urinary tract. This unusual location was initially considered as a tumour process. Proper diagnosis can sometimes be based on ultrasound and computerised tomography. However in some cases such as ours surgical exploration may be necessary for definitive diagnosis. PMID:16924823

Bounaim, A; Sakit, F; Janati, I M

2006-06-01

403

Radicular Cyst in Deciduous Maxillary Molars: A Rarity  

PubMed Central

Radicular cyst arising from deciduous teeth is exceedingly rare accounting for <1% of all radicular cysts. A total of 122 cases have been reported to date in the English language literature. We present a rare case of a radicular cyst associated with a decayed deciduous maxillary molar tooth without any history of prior pulp therapy. Our aim is to emphasize the recognition of inflammatory radicular lesions associated with deciduous teeth which may adversely impact underlying permanent successor. PMID:20237985

Shetty, Shibani; Rekha, K.

2009-01-01

404

Ureteral Triplication Combined with Right Renal Ectopia and Ureteral Cyst  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ureteral triplication is one of the rarest malformations of the upper urinary tract. We report the case of a 12-year-old girl with right ureteral triplication combined with renal ectopia and ureteral cyst with stenosis at the junction of the ureteral cyst and distal ureter. The ureteral cyst was tailored and tubularized, and the tight junction was removed, as in Hynes-Anderson

Zhe Xu; Zuoqing Li; Daohu Wang; Gaoyan Deng; Cheng Su; Jing Pan; Suisheng Li

2009-01-01

405

Fetal sonography and neonatal scintigraphy of a choledochal cyst  

SciTech Connect

A choledochal cyst, observed by ultrasound at 27 wk gestation and diagnosed at 36 wk gestation, was confirmed postpartum by (/sup 99m/Tc)DISIDA cholescintogram. Cystic dilatation of the common bile duct was proven by surgical excision and histological verification. Ultrasonography provides in utero diagnosis of choledochal cyst, often vital for successful management. Technetium-99m DISIDA imaging is a valuable companion for defining function of the cyst.

Wiedman, M.A.; Tan, A.; Martinez, C.J.

1985-08-01

406

Parameatal cyst of urethra: a rare congenital anomaly.  

PubMed

We report a case of parameatal urethral cyst in a 15-year-old boy which is a very rare congenital anomaly. The cyst recognized at infancy but the boy presented to our clinic at the age of 15 when the mass was grown enough to cause spraying of urine and poor cosmesis. Complete excision of the cyst with total removal of the epithelium is the required for treatment and prevention of recurrence. PMID:16868696

Onaran, Metin; Tan, Mustafa Ozgür; Camtosun, Ahmet; Irkilata, Lokman; Erdem, Ozlem; Bozkirli, Ibrahim

2006-01-01

407

Multilobulated popliteal cyst after a failed total knee arthroplasty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Popliteal cyst is a rare finding after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), but when present, it might indicate a malfunction of\\u000a the TKA related to generation of wear-particles, or loosening. We present a case of a multilobulated popliteal cyst developing\\u000a in a patient 8 years after primary TKA. The cyst was associated with a mechanical prosthetic loosening. The primary complaint\\u000a of the

Biagio Moretti; Vittorio Patella; Elyazid Mouhsine; Vito Pesce; Antonio Spinarelli; Raffaele Garofalo

2007-01-01

408

Vacuum epidural cyst with acute neurological presentation. A case report.  

PubMed

The widespread use of MRI in the assessment of low back pain has led to increased detection of degenerative cysts of the spine, which was essentially a surgical diagnosis earlier. The awareness of degenerative cysts, the significance of their role in the etiology of radicular and back pain and their effective management is evolving. We describe a case of bilateral, gas-filled lumbar facet synovial/ ganglion cysts causing focal arachnoid inflammation and lateral lumbar canal stenosis. PMID:23859245

El Beltagi, A H; Swamy, N; Dashti, F

2013-04-01

409

Haemorrhage into juxta-facet cysts causing bilateral foot drop  

PubMed Central

An 89 year old gentleman awaiting surgery for carcinoma of caecum presented with sudden back pain and developed foot drop two weeks later. MRI revealed multiple spinal metastases with a cyst in the canal at L4/5 causing spinal canal stenosis. Surgery revealed a juxta articular synovial cyst with haemorrhage in it. We discuss the presentation and management of juxtarticular cysts with a review of the literature. PMID:24960793

George, KJ; Roy, D; Shad, A

2012-01-01

410

Cyclic AMP-Mediated Cyst Expansion  

PubMed Central

In polycystic kidney disease (PKD), intracellular cAMP promotes cyst enlargement by stimulating mural epithelial cell proliferation and transepithelial fluid secretion. The proliferative effect of cAMP in PKD is unique in that cAMP is anti-mitogenic in normal renal epithelial cells. This phenotypic difference in the proliferative response to cAMP appears to involve cross-talk between cAMP and Ca2+ signaling to B-Raf, a kinase upstream of the MEK/ERK pathway. In normal cells, B-Raf is repressed by Akt (protein kinase B), a Ca2+-dependent kinase, preventing cAMP activation of ERK and cell proliferation. In PKD cells, disruption of intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis due to mutations in the PKD genes relieves Akt inhibition of B-Raf, allowing cAMP stimulation of B-Raf, ERK and cell proliferation. Fluid secretion by cystic cells is driven by cAMP-dependent transepithelial Cl? secretion involving apical cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl? channels. This review summarizes the current knowledge of cAMP-dependent cyst expansion, focusing on cell proliferation and Cl?-dependent fluid secretion, and discusses potential therapeutic approaches to inhibit renal cAMP production and its downstream effects on cyst enlargement. PMID:21118718

Wallace, Darren P.

2010-01-01

411

A clinical report demonstrating the significance of distinguishing a nasopalatine duct cyst from a radicular cyst.  

PubMed

Endodontic diagnosis is challenging and depends on the organisation of information from the patient history, clinical examination and analysis of the pulp, radiographic and histopathological assessment. A 35-year-old man was endodontically treated for radiolucency in relation to the roots of maxillary central incisors as it was a provisionally diagnosed case of radicular cyst. Since the palatal swelling persisted, the lesion was re-evaluated using relevant diagnostic aids and a diagnosis of nasopalatine duct cyst (NPDC) was made, which was missed during the initial assessment. An erroneous interpretation of cystic radiolucency in relation to maxillary central incisors can often lead to inappropriate treatment planning. This case highlights the relevant aspects in the diagnosis of NPDC when it is mistaken for a radicular cyst and emphasises the need for thorough clinical examination and relevant investigations for periapical radiolucencies of questionable origin before initiating endodontic therapy. PMID:24642171

Aparna, Manikkath; Chakravarthy, Arumugam; Acharya, Shashi Rashmi; Radhakrishnan, Raghu

2014-01-01

412

A case of orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst suspected to be a radicular cyst.  

PubMed

This report describes a case of orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst arising in the mandibular molar region of a 39-year-old man. Under the initial clinical diagnosis of radicular cyst, root canal treatment was performed on the mandibular right second molar. The treatment that continued for six months did not achieve healing. Subsequently surgical intervention was selected since the tooth fracture was found, and the prognosis was judged to be poor. After atraumatic tooth extraction, the apical cystic lesion was enucleated, and the tooth was replanted. A definite diagnosis of orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst was made by histopathological examination of the biopsy specimen. The radiograph taken seven months after the operation showed an improvement in the radiolucent lesion. No clinical signs of tooth mobility, pain, and swelling were present. The tooth was then successfully retained with the final restoration. Careful follow-up is needed in order to detect any signs of recurrence. PMID:19622877

Onuki, Mizuho; Saito, Atsushi; Hosokawa, Sohei; Ohnuki, Tomohiro; Hayakawa, Hiroki; Seta, Shuichi; Muramatsu, Takashi; Furusawa, Masahiro

2009-02-01

413

Abdominal Wall Hydatid Cyst: Case Report and Review of Literature  

PubMed Central

A 60-year-old woman presented with a swelling in right paraumbilical region of one-year duration. Examination revealed a painless cystic swelling 15 × 10?cm with cough impulse. Ultrasound and CECT abdomen showed a subcutaneous cystic swelling with intramuscular extension. No other intraabdominal cystic lesions were found. Surgical exploration showed a cystic lesion adherent to peritoneum without any intraperitoneal extension. Cyst was carefully excised without any spillage. Gross specimen on opening showed multiple daughter cysts consistent with hydatid cyst, confirming the diagnosis of solitary abdominal wall hydatid cyst. PMID:22953153

Abhishek, V.; Patil, Vijayraj S.; Mohan, Ullikashi; Shivswamy, B. S.

2012-01-01

414

Naegleria fowleri: enolase is expressed during cyst differentiation.  

PubMed

Cysts of Naegleria fowleri present an external single-layered cyst wall. To date, little information exists on the biochemical components of this cyst wall. Knowledge of the cyst wall composition is important to understand its resistance capacity under adverse environmental conditions. We have used of a monoclonal antibody (B4F2 mAb) that specifically recognizes enolase in the cyst wall of Entamoeba invadens. By Western blot assays this antibody recognized in soluble extracts of N. fowleri cysts a 48-kDa protein with similar molecular weight to the enolase reported in E. invadens cysts. Immunofluorescence with the B4F2 mAb revealed positive cytoplasmic vesicles in encysting amebas, as well as a positive reaction at the cell wall of mature cysts. Immunoelectron microscopy using the same monoclonal antibody confirmed the presence of enolase in the cell wall of N. fowleri cysts and in cytoplasmic vesicular structures. In addition, the B4F2 mAb had a clear inhibitory effect on encystation of N. fowleri. PMID:21895838

Chávez-Munguía, Bibiana; Segovia-Gamboa, Norma; Salazar-Villatoro, Lizbeth; Omaña-Molina, Maritza; Espinosa-Cantellano, Martha; Martínez-Palomo, Adolfo

2011-01-01

415

Tectal pineal cyst in a 1-year-old girl.  

PubMed

Glial cysts of the pineal gland can frequently be found in adults and children, but only rarely do they enlarge to become clinically relevant. We report a unique presentation of a pineal cyst in the midbrain tectum of a 16-month-old girl who initially presented with ptosis and strabismus. Preoperative imaging studies and intraoperative findings revealed no continuity between the tectal cyst and the pineal gland proper. We surmise that this tectal pineal cyst may have arisen from duplicated pineal gland tissue. PMID:24411061

Plowey, Edward D; Vogel, Hannes; Yeom, Kristen W; Jung, Henry; Chao, Kevin; Edwards, Michael S B

2014-03-01

416

Molecular characterization of CLE peptide mimicry during cyst nematode pathogenesis .  

E-print Network

??Plant-parasitic cyst nematodes establish intimate parasitic relationships with their hosts by penetrating the root as motile juveniles and migrating intracellularly until they reach the root… (more)

Replogle, Amy

2011-01-01

417

Dual ACL Ganglion Cysts: Significance of Detailed Arthroscopy  

PubMed Central

Intra-articular ganglion cysts of the knee joint are rare and most frequently are an incidental finding on MRI and arthroscopy. Most of the previous studies have reported a single ganglion cyst in the knee. There have been previous reports of more than one cyst in the same knee but not in the same structure within the knee. We are reporting a case of dual ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) ganglion cysts one of which was missed on radiological examination but later detected during arthroscopy. To the best of our knowledge, no such case has been reported in the indexed English literature till date.

Singla, Amit; Nag, H. L.; Meena, Sanjay; Lohiya, Ramprakash; Agarwal, Abhinav

2014-01-01

418

Infant with a Sudden, Large, Post-Extubation Subglottic Cyst  

PubMed Central

Acquired subglottic cyst in infancy is almost always associated with episodes of early life intubation. Most cases typically presented late, usually days to months after extubation. We report a case of a subglottic cyst with different presentation than the norm. This case highlights that subglottic cyst can present acutely, and rapidly enlarging soon after the airway extubation. As the management of a large subglottic cyst can be challenging, a close observation for early diagnosis and intervention are recommended post extubation in the high-risk cases, such as in the premature infant. PMID:23613654

Asha'ari, Zamzil Amin; Suhaimi, Yusof; Fadzil, Ahmad; Zihni, Muhammad

2012-01-01

419

First record of cysts in the tidal tardigrade Echiniscoides sigismundi  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tardigrades are microscopic metazoans that withstand environmental extremes by entering dormant states, such as cryptobiosis (latent life). In addition, they may also form cysts. Here, we present the first report of cyst formation in a marine heterotardigrade, i.e., Echiniscoides sigismundi, which constitutes a cryptic species complex present worldwide in tidal zones. The cysts were initially discovered during experimental series constructed to investigate osmotic stress tolerance. The animals, which eventually formed cysts, showed signs of an imminent molt at the beginning of experimentation. We use the term "cyst" for stages, where a total of three or more cuticles have been synthesized. Our observations show that encystment in E. sigismundi involves synthesizing of at least two new cuticle layers. Legs with discharged claws are present in connection with the first outer cuticle, as well as the second cuticular layer. In the most developed cyst, a third cuticle lacking claws seems to surround the animal, which is delineated by a fourth cuticle. Many features are shared with the well-studied cysts of eutardigrades. The cysts of E. sigismundi, however, lack pigmentation and have an extra set of claws, and the animal inside retains buccopharyngeal sclerified parts, until discharging the third cuticle. The finding of cysts in a marine heterotardigrade is novel and confirms that encystment also occurs within this major evolutionary lineage.

Clausen, Lykke K. B.; Andersen, Kasper N.; Hygum, Thomas L.; Jørgensen, Aslak; Møbjerg, Nadja

2014-12-01

420

Experiences with the management of paraurethral cysts in adult women  

PubMed Central

Introduction Paraurethral cysts may be acquired or congenital pathology, and are rarely encountered in urogynecologic practice. Therefore, no consensus on management of paraurethral cyst could be reached. We aimed to report our experience on the management of paraurethral cysts in adult women. Material and methods A retrospective chart review was conducted on adult women diagnosed with paraurethral cysts between 2011 and 2012. Patients’ complaints, parity, physical signs, diagnostic tests and the obtained findings, surgical intervention, duration of follow–up period, complications, recurrence and histologic examination of the cysts wall were evaluated in the patients included. Results Ten adult women, aged 23–48 years (mean: 41 years) with paraurethral cysts between 2011 and 2012 were identified. All patients were multiparous. The patients’ complaints included palpable mass, dyspareunia, and dysuria. All patients underwent preoperative urethrocystoscopy. All the cysts were solitary and in dimension of 1 to 3.5 cm and localized in the distal urethra. All patients underwent surgical excision. The mean follow–up period was 8 months (range: 6–12 months). Neither complications nor recurrences were observed. Histopathological examination showed that 5 cysts were lined with squamous epithelium, 2 were lined with transitional epithelium, and 3 were lined with both types of epithelium. Conclusions Paraurethral cysts may be symptomatic and routine urological examinations are sufficient for diagnosis without using advanced imaging technique. In such symptomatic adult patients, partial surgical resection combined with fulguration can be performed effectively without complications. This treatment modality seems exceptional according to the literature. PMID:24757549

Aydemir, Huseyin; Metin, Osman; Budak, Salih; Sonbahar, Adil; Adsan, Oztug

2013-01-01

421

Jaw cysts with orthokeratinization: analysis of 12 cases.  

PubMed

The clinico-pathologic, immunohistochemical and radiological features of 12 jaw cysts with a prominent orthokeratinized epithelial lining were studied and compared with those of typical odontogenic keratocysts and dentigerous cysts. They differed significantly from odontogenic keratocysts in terms of biologic behavior and histopathologic findings. Although immunohistochemical staining of the epithelial linings for cytokeratins, EMA, CEA and involucrin has not shed any light on the histogenesis of these lesions, staining patterns for these markers were significantly different from those of odontogenic keratocysts and non-keratinized dentigerous cysts. Radiologically, nine cases appeared as dentigerous cysts; two cases, one with sebaceous differentiation, as non-dentigerous unilocular cysts, and the remaining one was exceptional as it showed multiple epidermal cysts with prominent dermal appendages histologically. It is suggested that most of the orthokeratinized jaw cysts may belong to clinico-pathological entities different from odontogenic keratocysts with the majority representing dentigerous cysts with orthokeratinization. The possibility of the existence of rare central dermoid or epidermoid cysts is also to be considered. PMID:7678296

Vuhahula, E; Nikai, H; Ijuhin, N; Ogawa, I; Takata, T; Koseki, T; Tanimoto, K

1993-01-01

422

Pancreatic lymphoepithelial cysts express CEA and can contain mucous cells: potential pitfalls in the preoperative diagnosis.  

PubMed

Pancreatic lymphoepithelial cysts are rare benign cysts that cannot be reliably differentiated from neoplastic mucinous cysts preoperatively. Although elevated cyst fluid carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels support a diagnosis of a mucinous cyst, the finding of increased CEA levels in lymphoepithelial cysts prompted this study. Nine resected lymphoepithelial cysts were examined for expression of CEA, carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9, CK7, p63, PAS-D and a panel of mucins. The pathology data were correlated with clinical information, including serum, cyst fluid and imaging studies. By computed tomography scan, although most lymphoepithelial cysts appeared cystic, 23% were described as masses. The endoscopic ultrasound findings were variable, but the lymphoepithelial cysts tended to be hypoechoic cystic lesions or masses. On cytology, 44% of the cysts had squamous cells, 67% had glandular cells and 56% had atypical cells. The cysts were resected because of size ?3?cm (89%), symptoms (44%) and/or elevated cyst fluid CEA levels (33%). The cyst fluid CEA levels in the three cysts tested were >450?ng/ml. Histopathologically, all cysts were lined by mature, stratified squamous-type cells and produced keratin. Mucous cells were present in 78% of the cysts. The immunohistochemical profile of the squamous lining was CK7+, p63+, MUC1+, MUC4+, MUC2-, MUC5AC- and MUC6-. Even though lymphoepithelial cysts are lined by squamous-type epithelium, all our resected lymphoepithelial cysts expressed CEA and/or CA19-9, many contained mucous cells, and three exhibited markedly elevated cyst fluid CEA levels. Although cyst fluid CEA levels >200?ng/ml support the diagnosis of mucinous neoplasms, this study emphasizes the need for clinicians and pathologists to recognize that lymphoepithelial cysts can mimic neoplastic mucinous cysts clinically, radiographically and on cyst fluid CEA analysis. PMID:20802468

Raval, Jay S; Zeh, Herbert J; Moser, A James; Lee, Kenneth K; Sanders, Michael K; Navina, Sarah; Kuan, Shih-Fan; Krasinskas, Alyssa M

2010-11-01

423

Combined chemotherapy and surgery for hydatid bone disease.  

PubMed

Surgical treatment of hydatid bone disease is rarely completely successful because radical excision is only possible at certain sites and secondary infection frequently occurs. Antihelmintic drugs have in the past been only palliative due to poor absorption and consequent low concentration in serum or cysts. We report five patients with Echinococcus granulosus infestation treated with a new chemotherapeutic agent albendazole; in two it was given postoperatively, in two pre-operatively and one child is being followed expectantly. We believe that a combination of chemotherapy and surgery may be efficacious in the treatment of hydatid bone disease. PMID:3818721

Szypryt, E P; Morris, D L; Mulholland, R C

1987-01-01

424

["Osteobiol" and other bone graft materials used in Hungary].  

PubMed

In the first part of a series of publications in connection with different bone graft materials we review the literature by hungarian authors in the topic. In the last 10 years (2001-2011) 12 articles were published in the Fogorvosi Szemle and 11 articles in other Hungarian journals. 34 articles were published by Hungarian authors in foreign journals. These articles present results with autologous bone, bovine xenografts and synthetic bone graft materials. The literature concludes that beta-tricalcium phosphate and all previously mentioned materials present satisfactory results in bone augmentation procedures. Based on histological and histomorphometrical analysis in the case of large bony defects (large cysts, sinus elevation) the use of beta-tricalcium phosphate ensures better long term results in terms of "rebuilding" of the bone. We present a bone graft material new in Hungary: "Osteobiol", which differs from other bone graft materials in the sense it is a mixture of porcine bone and collagen. The authors summerize the material science of different bone graft materials including "Osteobiol". PMID:23650761

Kivovics, Márton

2013-03-01

425

Bone marrow transplant  

MedlinePLUS

Transplant - bone marrow; Stem cell transplant; Hematopoietic stem cell transplant; Reduced intensity, nonmyeloablative transplant; Mini transplant; Allogenic bone marrow transplant; Autologous bone marrow transplant; Umbilical ...

426

Acute cauda equina syndrome secondary to a lumbar synovial cyst.  

PubMed

Cauda equina syndrome is a well described state of neurologic compromise due to lumbosacral root compression. In most cases, it is due to a herniated disc, tumor, infection, or hematoma. We report a case of rapid lumbar synovial cyst expansion leading to acute cauda equina syndrome and compare it to similar cases in the literature. The patient is a 49-year-old woman with a history of chronic low back pain who developed cauda equina syndrome. Serial lumbar magnetic resonance imaging studies demonstrated a significant increase in the size of a lumbar synovial cyst over a 2 week interval. After an unsuccessful attempt to relieve her acute symptoms with computed tomography-guided cyst aspiration, an L4-5 posterior spinal decompression with excision of the synovial cyst was performed. Postoperatively the patient's perineal numbness, bladder incontinence, and associated pain complaints resolved. The only residual symptom at one month follow-up was continued numbness in the right lower limb in an L5 distribution. This report adds to 6 other well described similar cases found in the literature by illustrating several important points. First, a lumbar synovial cyst is a rare but possible cause of acute cauda equina syndrome. Second, magnetic resonance imaging is the test of choice to diagnose and characterize lumbar synovial cysts; serial imaging can detect fluctuations in cyst size. Third, percutaneous treatment of lumbar synovial cysts is variable in efficacy and proved to be unsuccessful in our patient. Finally, surgical management has shown high success rates for symptomatic cysts. Specifically, in the setting of acute cauda equina syndrome secondary to a lumbar synovial cyst, urgent surgical decompression has led to resolution of neurologic symptoms in most reported cases. A lumbar synovial cyst is an uncommon cause of acute cauda equina syndrome. Prompt diagnosis and treatment may lead to reduced morbidity associated with this condition. PMID:22996855

Muir, Jeffery J; Pingree, Matthew J; Moeschler, Susan M

2012-01-01

427

Aesthetic recovery of alveolar atrophy following autogenous onlay bone grafting using interconnected porous hydroxyapatite ceramics (IP-CHA) and resorbable poly-L-lactic/polyglycolic acid screws: case report  

PubMed Central

Background Onlay bone grafting techniques have some problems related to the limited volume of autogenous grafted bone and need for surgery to remove bone fixing screws. Here, we report a case of horizontal alveolar ridge atrophy following resection of a maxillary bone cyst, in which autogenous onlay bone grafting with interconnected porous hydroxyapatite ceramics (IP-CHA) and bioresorbable poly-L-lactic/polyglycolic acid (PLLA-PGA) screws was utilized. Case presentation A 51-year-old man had aesthetic complications related to alveolar atrophy following maxillary bone cyst extraction. We performed onlay grafting for aesthetic alveolar bone recovery using IP-CHA to provide adequate horizontal bone volume and PLLA-PGA screws for bone fixing to avoid later damage to host bone during surgical removal. During the operation, an autogenous cortical bone block was collected from the ramus mandibular and fixed to the alveolar ridge with PLLA-PGA screws, then the gap between the bone block and recipient bone was filled with a granular type of IP-CHA. Post-surgery orthopantomograph and CT scan findings showed no abnormal resorption of the grafted bone, and increased radiopacity, which indicated new bone formation in the area implanted with IP-CHA. Conclusion Our results show that IP-CHA and resorbable PLLA-PGA screws are useful materials for autogenous onlay bone grafting. PMID:24889647

2014-01-01

428

ALTERNATIVE FILTRATION METHODS FOR REMOVAL OF 'GIARDIA' CYSTS AND CYST MODELS  

EPA Science Inventory

Recent occurrence of numerous outbreaks of waterborne giardiasis has renewed interest in water filtration for cyst removal. This paper presents an in-depth review of granular media and diatomaceous earth (D.E.) filtration research conducted in the 1930's and 1940's when Entamoeba...

429

Bone lesion biopsy  

MedlinePLUS

Bone biopsy; Biopsy - bone ... A special drill needle is usually used. The biopsy needle is pushed and twisted into the bone. ... are applied, and covered with a bandage. Bone biopsy may also be done under general anesthesia to ...

430

Bone biopsy (image)  

MedlinePLUS

A bone biopsy is performed by making a small incision into the skin. A biopsy needle retrieves a sample of bone and it ... examination. The most common reasons for bone lesion biopsy are to distinguish between benign and malignant bone ...

431

Bone Graft Alternatives  

MedlinePLUS

... or during a surgical procedure such as spinal fusion. What Types of Bone Grafts are There? Bone ... bone grafts in spine surgery is during spinal fusion. The use of autogenous bone grafts for spinal ...

432

What Is Bone?  

MedlinePLUS

... Publication available in: PDF (206 KB) Related Resources Bone Health for Life Bone Density Measurement Bone Density Measurement ( ... Density Measurement) Partner Resources Surgeon General's Report on Bone Health and Osteoporosis Surgeon General's Report: What It Means ...

433

What Is Bone Cancer?  

MedlinePLUS

Normal bone tissue Bone is the supporting framework of your body. Most bones are hollow. The outer part of ... tissues can develop into a cancer. Types of bone tumors Most of the time when someone with ...

434

Bone marrow culture  

MedlinePLUS

... of your pelvic bone or front of your breast bone. This is done with a small needle inserted into your bone. The process is called a bone marrow aspiration or a biopsy. The tissue sample is sent to a lab. ...

435

A possible role for metalloproteinases in renal cyst development  

E-print Network

: F540­F550, 2001.--The expan- sion of cysts in polycystic kidneys bears several similarities/ ) rat model of autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease. Upregu- lated MMP-14 mRNA was predominantly batimastat resulted in a significant reduction of cyst number and kidney weight. Our study suggests

Witzgall, Ralph - Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät III

436

Mediastinal enterogenic cyst presenting as paraplegia--a case report.  

PubMed

A rare case of a mediastinal enterogenic cyst with an intraspinal extension through a anterior vertebral defect presenting with paraplegia in a 10 year boy is presented. Laminectomy and the trans-thoracic excision of the cyst resulted in the complete recovery of the neural deficit. PMID:9057369

Mam, M K; Mathew, S; Prabhakar, B R; Paul, R; Jacob, S

1996-09-01

437

Ciliated hepatic foregut cyst: a rare cystic liver lesion.  

PubMed

Ciliated hepatic foregut cysts are an unusual congenital cause of cystic liver lesions. Although most are benign, 4.4% of reported cases have been shown to harbor squamous cell carcinoma. Diagnostic uncertainty or misdiagnosis frequently results in surgical exploration. We present a case of a ciliated hepatic foregut cyst and review this uncommon condition. PMID:17963013

Shaw, J M; Krige, J E J; Beningfield, S J; Locketz, M L

2008-07-01

438

Tarlov cysts: clinical evaluation of an italian cohort of patients.  

PubMed

Tarlov cyst syndrome is a rare, often asymptomatic disorder, characterised by isolated or multiple nerve-root cysts, usually occurring in the sacral spine, near the dorsal root ganglion, between the perineurium and endoneurium. The cysts may cause lower back pain, sacral radiculopathy, dyspareunia and urinary incontinence. There is little data in the literature on the relationship between Tarlov cysts and symptoms. Here, we report further details on the clinical impact of Tarlov cysts and investigate their pathogenesis and role as a cause of lumbosacral symptoms. We examined 157 patients with MRI evidence of symptomatic Tarlov cysts. Patients underwent complete neurological examination and were scored by the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and the Visual Analogue Scale. Complete lower limb electromyography was performed in 32 patients. Clinical picture was correlated with size and number of cysts detected by MRI. Family history was recorded for signs of genetic inheritance. Almost all patients suffered perineal or lower back pain; 34 complained of sphincter and 46 of sexual disorders. Hamilton scores were abnormal, and family history was positive in a few cases. The scanty literature on Tarlov cysts mainly regards therapy by a neurosurgical approach. Our results provide new data on clinical impact and possible pathogenetic mechanisms. PMID:23400656

Marino, D; Carluccio, M A; Di Donato, I; Sicurelli, F; Chini, E; Di Toro Mammarella, L; Rossi, F; Rubegni, A; Federico, A

2013-09-01

439

Epidermoid cyst of the ileum in a miniature dachshund dog  

PubMed Central

A 13-year-old castrated male miniature dachshund dog was presented with chronic vomiting and diarrhea. Contrast radiography and surgical exploration revealed an ileal cyst, which was excised. A diagnosis of epidermoid cyst was made from a combination of the clinical findings and histological examination of the surgical specimen. PMID:24688137

Shimamura, Shunsuke; Kainuma, Risa; Kimura, Ken; Okamura, Yasuhiko; Kobayashi, Saori; Katayama, Masaaki; Sato, Reeko; Yasuda, Jun

2014-01-01

440

Pancreatic cyst development: insights from von Hippel-Lindau disease  

PubMed Central

Pancreatic cysts are a heterogeneous group of lesions, which can be benign or malignant. Due to improved imaging techniques, physicians are more often confronted with pancreatic cysts. Little is known about the origin of pancreatic cysts in general. Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is an atypical ciliopathy and inherited tumor syndrome, caused by a mutation in the VHL tumor suppressor gene encoding the VHL protein (pVHL). VHL patients are prone to develop cysts and neuroendocrine tumors in the pancreas in addition to several other benign and malignant neoplasms. Remarkably, pancreatic cysts occur in approximately 70% of VHL patients, making it the only hereditary tumor syndrome with such a discernible expression of pancreatic cysts. Cellular loss of pVHL due to biallelic mutation can model pancreatic cystogenesis in other organisms, suggesting a causal relationship. Here, we give a comprehensive overview of various pVHL functions, focusing on those that can potentially explain pancreatic cyst development in VHL disease. Based on preclinical studies, cilia loss in ductal cells is probably an important early event in pancreatic cyst development. PMID:23384121

2013-01-01

441

Perineural cysts resembling complex cystic adnexal masses on transvaginal sonography.  

PubMed

Perineural cysts may be discovered incidentally on pelvic sonography and can easily mimic more common gynecologic masses. We report the complex cystic adnexal mass like appearance of these incidentally noted cysts which mimicked malignancy on sonography in a postmenopausal female, with stage I breast cancer and vaginal spotting. PMID:22105304

Saboo, Sachin S; Di Salvo, Donald

2013-01-01

442

A bronchogenic cyst, presenting as a retroperitoneal cystic mass  

PubMed Central

Bronchogenic cysts are mostly benign, congenital abnormalities originating from the remnants of the primitive foregut. A retroperitoneal location is rare. Due to the mostly asymptomatic behavior and the historical confusion regarding histology, an exact prevalence is not known. We present here a case report of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst. A literature review was performed for cases of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts written in English. Anatomopathological criteria for inclusion were pseudo stratified, ciliated, columnar epithelium together with the presence of at least one of the following: cartilage, smooth muscle or seromucous glands. In addition, the embryology, pathogenesis, radiological, clinical and suggested treatment modalities are reviewed. We report the surgical excision of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst that presented as a non-functioning left adrenal mass. Our review of literature revealed only 62 potential cases of retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts. After applying the strict anatomopathological criteria, only 30 cases of true retroperitoneal bronchogenic cysts could be identified. Retroperitoneal location of a bronchogenic cyst is rare. Despite the rarity of this pathologic entity, bronchogenic cysts should be considered in the differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal cystic lesions. Only histology can confirm definitive diagnosis. Surgery remains the recommended treatment of choice. PMID:22532911

Govaerts, Kim; Van Eyken, Peter; Verswijvel, Geert; Van der Speeten, Kurt

2012-01-01

443

Testis-sparing surgery in testicular mass: Testicular epidermoid cysts  

PubMed Central

We present 3 patients with testicular epidermoid cysts who experienced testis-sparing surgery. These patients had a palpable painless testicular mass and underwent inguinal testicular exploration. Intraoperative frozen section revealed no evidence of malignancy and therefore enucleation of the tumour was performed. We demonstrate that careful intraoperative frozen-section examination helps to avoid unnecessary orchidectomy in testicular epidermoid cysts. PMID:24554971

Mahdavi-Zafarghandi, Reza; Shakiba, Behnam; Ameli, Mojtaba

2014-01-01

444

Epidural hematoma secondary to a rupture of a synovial cyst  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background contentWith modern advances in imaging studies, synovial cysts are becoming more evident as a common component of erosive lumbar degenerative disc disease causing spinal stenosis and radiculopathy. Whereas hemorrhage can occur inside the cyst and is reported, rupture causing epidural hematoma is a rare complication and finding of this disorder.

Christopher Brown; Jeffery L. Stambough

2005-01-01

445

Spinal lumbar synovial cysts. Diagnosis and management challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sophisticated and newer imaging capabilities have resulted in increased reporting and treatment options of spinal lumbar synovial cysts (LSS). Most of the patients with lumbar cysts tend to be in their sixth decade of life with a slight female predominance. The incidence of LSS is thought to be less than 0.5% of the general symptomatic population. They may be asymptomatic

Amir M. Khan; Federico Girardi

2006-01-01

446

[Asynchronous lumbar synovial cysts after surgical resection: a case report].  

PubMed

Lumbar synovial cysts represent a rare condition, they are believed to arise from defects of the joint capsule due to degeneration, trauma, rheumatoid arthritis or spondylosis. The symptom spectrum ranges from neural claudication to neurological deficits. We report the case of a contralateral asynchronous facet joint cyst after surgical resection and review the literature. PMID:19358082

Pechlivanis, I; Scholz, M; Harders, A; Schmieder, K

2009-01-01

447

Midline synovial and ganglion cysts causing neurogenic claudication  

PubMed Central

Typically situated posterolateral in the spinal canal, intraspinal facet cysts often cause radicular symptoms. Rarely, the midline location of these synovial or ganglion cysts may cause thecal sac compression leading to neurogenic claudication or cauda equina syndrome. This article summarizes the clinical presentation, radiographic appearance, and management of three intraspinal, midline facet cysts. Three patients with symptomatic midline intraspinal facet cysts were retrospectively reviewed. Documented clinical visits, operative notes, histopathology reports, and imaging findings were investigated for each patient. One patient presented with neurogenic claudication while two patients developed partial, subacute cauda equina syndrome. All 3 patients initially responded favorably to lumbar decompression and midline cyst resection; however, one patient required surgical stabilization 8 mo later. Following the three case presentations, we performed a thorough literature search in order to identify articles describing intraspinal cystic lesions in lateral or midline locations. Midline intraspinal facet cysts represent an uncommon cause of lumbar stenosis and thecal sac compression. Such entities should enter the differential diagnosis of midline posterior cystic lesions. Midline cysts causing thecal sac compression respond favorably to lumbar surgical decompression and cyst resection. Though laminectomy is a commonly performed operation, stabilization may be required in cases of spondylolisthesis or instability. PMID:24364023

Pindrik, Jonathan; Macki, Mohamed; Bydon, Mohamad; Maleki, Zahra; Bydon, Ali

2013-01-01

448