Science.gov

Sample records for single spin control

  1. Coherent Control of a Single 29Si Nuclear Spin Qubit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pla, Jarryd J.; Mohiyaddin, Fahd A.; Tan, Kuan Y.; Dehollain, Juan P.; Rahman, Rajib; Klimeck, Gerhard; Jamieson, David N.; Dzurak, Andrew S.; Morello, Andrea

    2014-12-01

    Magnetic fluctuations caused by the nuclear spins of a host crystal are often the leading source of decoherence for many types of solid-state spin qubit. In group-IV semiconductor materials, the spin-bearing nuclei are sufficiently rare that it is possible to identify and control individual host nuclear spins. This Letter presents the first experimental detection and manipulation of a single 29Si nuclear spin. The quantum nondemolition single-shot readout of the spin is demonstrated, and a Hahn echo measurement reveals a coherence time of T2=6.3 (7 ) ms —in excellent agreement with bulk experiments. Atomistic modeling combined with extracted experimental parameters provides possible lattice sites for the 29Si atom under investigation. These results demonstrate that single 29Si nuclear spins could serve as a valuable resource in a silicon spin-based quantum computer.

  2. All-electric control of single atom spin states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Otte, Sander

    2011-03-01

    The quantum state of a single spin is a great candidate for forming a qubit. Spin systems in various forms are considered for the task, ranging from electrons trapped in artificial quantum dots to magnetic dopants in semiconductors and diamond. In this talk I will review recent progress towards controlling the spins of individual atoms on a surface through local access with an STM probe tip: an intriguing approach in view of the possibility to rearrange the atoms at will so as to build multi-atom structures. Magnetic d-metal atoms, separated from a metal substrate by a thin decoupling layer, are studied through inelastic electron tunneling spectroscopy (IETS): a tool by which transition energies of the spin state can be accurately followed. By addressing the atoms with a spin-filtered probe tip, controlled excitations or de-excitations can be made, effectively pumping the spin into a magnetization direction of choice. In a more recent experiment, spin pumping is performed in short pulses, opening up ways to control atomic spins in the time domain. I will discuss avenues to further develop this technique, eventually leading to coherent control of an atomic spin qubit.

  3. High precision quantum control of single donor spins in silicon

    E-print Network

    Rajib Rahman; Cameron J. Wellard; Forrest R. Bradbury; Marta Prada; Jared H. Cole; Gerhard Klimeck; Lloyd C. L. Hollenberg

    2007-05-15

    The Stark shift of the hyperfine coupling constant is investigated for a P donor in Si far below the ionization regime in the presence of interfaces using Tight-binding and Band Minima Basis approaches and compared to the recent precision measurements. The TB electronic structure calculations included over 3 million atoms. In contrast to previous effective mass based results, the quadratic Stark coefficient obtained from both theories agrees closely with the experiments. This work represents the most sensitive and precise comparison between theory and experiment for single donor spin control. It is also shown that there is a significant linear Stark effect for an impurity near the interface, whereas, far from the interface, the quadratic Stark effect dominates. Such precise control of single donor spin states is required particularly in quantum computing applications of single donor electronics, which forms the driving motivation of this work.

  4. Fast Electrical Control of Single Electron Spins in Quantum Dots with Vanishing Influence from Nuclear Spins

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoneda, J.; Otsuka, T.; Nakajima, T.; Takakura, T.; Obata, T.; Pioro-Ladrière, M.; Lu, H.; Palmstrøm, C. J.; Gossard, A. C.; Tarucha, S.

    2014-12-01

    We demonstrate fast universal electrical spin manipulation with inhomogeneous magnetic fields. With fast Rabi frequency up to 127 MHz, we leave the conventional regime of strong nuclear-spin influence and observe a spin-flip fidelity >96 % , a distinct chevron Rabi pattern in the spectral-time domain, and a spin resonance linewidth limited by the Rabi frequency, not by the dephasing rate. In addition, we establish fast z rotations up to 54 MHz by directly controlling the spin phase. Our findings will significantly facilitate tomography and error correction with electron spins in quantum dots.

  5. Coherent control of single spins in silicon carbide at room temperature.

    PubMed

    Widmann, Matthias; Lee, Sang-Yun; Rendler, Torsten; Son, Nguyen Tien; Fedder, Helmut; Paik, Seoyoung; Yang, Li-Ping; Zhao, Nan; Yang, Sen; Booker, Ian; Denisenko, Andrej; Jamali, Mohammad; Momenzadeh, S Ali; Gerhardt, Ilja; Ohshima, Takeshi; Gali, Adam; Janzén, Erik; Wrachtrup, Jörg

    2015-02-01

    Spins in solids are cornerstone elements of quantum spintronics. Leading contenders such as defects in diamond or individual phosphorus dopants in silicon have shown spectacular progress, but either lack established nanotechnology or an efficient spin/photon interface. Silicon carbide (SiC) combines the strength of both systems: it has a large bandgap with deep defects and benefits from mature fabrication techniques. Here, we report the characterization of photoluminescence and optical spin polarization from single silicon vacancies in SiC, and demonstrate that single spins can be addressed at room temperature. We show coherent control of a single defect spin and find long spin coherence times under ambient conditions. Our study provides evidence that SiC is a promising system for atomic-scale spintronics and quantum technology. PMID:25437256

  6. Addressable single-spin control in multiple quantum dots coupled in series

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakajima, Takashi

    2015-03-01

    Electron spin in semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) is promising building block of quantum computers for its controllability and potential scalability. Recent experiments on GaAs QDs have demonstrated necessary ingredients of universal quantum gate operations: single-spin rotations by electron spin resonance (ESR) which is virtually free from the effect of nuclear spin fluctuation, and pulsed control of two-spin entanglement. The scalability of this architecture, however, has remained to be demonstrated in the real world. In this talk, we will present our recent results on implementing single-spin-based qubits in triple, quadruple, and quintuple QDs based on a series coupled architecture defined by gate electrodes. Deterministic initialization of individual spin states and spin-state readout were performed by the pulse operation of detuning between two neighboring QDs. The spin state was coherently manipulated by ESR, where each spin in different QDs is addressed by the shift of the resonance frequency due to the inhomogeneous magnetic field induced by the micro magnet deposited on top of the QDs. Control of two-spin entanglement was also demonstrated. We will discuss key issues for implementing quantum algorithms based on three or more qubits, including the effect of a nuclear spin bath, single-shot readout fidelity, and tuning of multiple qubit devices. Our approaches to these issues will be also presented. This research is supported by Funding Program for World-Leading Innovative R&D on Science and Technology (FIRST) from JSPS, IARPA project ``Multi-Qubit Coherent Operations'' through Copenhagen University, and Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from JSPS.

  7. Controlled Rephasing of Single Collective Spin Excitations in a Cold Atomic Quantum Memory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Albrecht, Boris; Farrera, Pau; Heinze, Georg; Cristiani, Matteo; de Riedmatten, Hugues

    2015-10-01

    We demonstrate active control of inhomogeneous dephasing and rephasing for single collective atomic spin excitations (spin waves) created by spontaneous Raman scattering in a quantum memory based on cold 87Rb atoms. The control is provided by a reversible external magnetic field gradient inducing an inhomogeneous broadening of the atomic hyperfine levels. We demonstrate experimentally that active rephasing preserves the single photon nature of the retrieved photons. Finally, we show that the control of the inhomogeneous dephasing enables the creation of time-separated spin waves in a single ensemble followed by a selective read-out in time. This is an important step towards the implementation of a functional temporally multiplexed quantum repeater node.

  8. Controlled Rephasing of Single Collective Spin Excitations in a Cold Atomic Quantum Memory.

    PubMed

    Albrecht, Boris; Farrera, Pau; Heinze, Georg; Cristiani, Matteo; de Riedmatten, Hugues

    2015-10-16

    We demonstrate active control of inhomogeneous dephasing and rephasing for single collective atomic spin excitations (spin waves) created by spontaneous Raman scattering in a quantum memory based on cold ^{87}Rb atoms. The control is provided by a reversible external magnetic field gradient inducing an inhomogeneous broadening of the atomic hyperfine levels. We demonstrate experimentally that active rephasing preserves the single photon nature of the retrieved photons. Finally, we show that the control of the inhomogeneous dephasing enables the creation of time-separated spin waves in a single ensemble followed by a selective read-out in time. This is an important step towards the implementation of a functional temporally multiplexed quantum repeater node. PMID:26550854

  9. Measurement and Control of Single Nitrogen-Vacancy Center Spins above 600 K

    E-print Network

    D. M. Toyli; D. J. Christle; A. Alkauskas; B. B. Buckley; C. G. Van de Walle; D. D. Awschalom

    2012-07-16

    We study the spin and orbital dynamics of single nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond between room temperature and 700 K. We find that the ability to optically address and coherently control single spins above room temperature is limited by nonradiative processes that quench the NV center's fluorescence-based spin readout between 550 and 700 K. Combined with electronic structure calculations, our measurements indicate that the energy difference between the 3E and 1A1 electronic states is approximately 0.8 eV. We also demonstrate that the inhomogeneous spin lifetime (T2*) is temperature independent up to at least 625 K, suggesting that single NV centers could be applied as nanoscale thermometers over a broad temperature range.

  10. Controlled rephasing of single spin-waves in a quantum memory based on cold atoms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Farrera, Pau; Albrecht, Boris; Heinze, Georg; Cristiani, Matteo; de Riedmatten, Hugues; Quantum Photonics With Solids; Atoms Team

    2015-05-01

    Quantum memories for light allow a reversible transfer of quantum information between photons and long lived matter quantum bits. In atomic ensembles, this information is commonly stored in the form of single collective spin excitations (spin-waves). In this work we demonstrate that we can actively control the dephasing of the spin-waves created in a quantum memory based on a cold Rb87 atomic ensemble. The control is provided by an external magnetic field gradient, which induces an inhomogeneous broadening of the atomic hyperfine levels. We show that acting on this gradient allows to control the dephasing of individual spin-waves and to induce later a rephasing. The spin-waves are then mapped into single photons, and we demonstrate experimentally that the active rephasing preserves the sub-Poissonian statistics of the retrieved photons. Finally we show that this rephasing control enables the creation and storage of multiple spin-waves in different temporal modes, which can be selectively readout. This is an important step towards the implementation of a functional temporally multiplexed quantum memory for quantum repeaters. We acknowledge support from the ERC starting grant, the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, the Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional, and the International PhD- fellowship program ``la Caixa''-Severo Ochoa @ICFO.

  11. Electrically controlling single-spin qubits in a continuous microwave field.

    PubMed

    Laucht, Arne; Muhonen, Juha T; Mohiyaddin, Fahd A; Kalra, Rachpon; Dehollain, Juan P; Freer, Solomon; Hudson, Fay E; Veldhorst, Menno; Rahman, Rajib; Klimeck, Gerhard; Itoh, Kohei M; Jamieson, David N; McCallum, Jeffrey C; Dzurak, Andrew S; Morello, Andrea

    2015-04-01

    Large-scale quantum computers must be built upon quantum bits that are both highly coherent and locally controllable. We demonstrate the quantum control of the electron and the nuclear spin of a single (31)P atom in silicon, using a continuous microwave magnetic field together with nanoscale electrostatic gates. The qubits are tuned into resonance with the microwave field by a local change in electric field, which induces a Stark shift of the qubit energies. This method, known as A-gate control, preserves the excellent coherence times and gate fidelities of isolated spins, and can be extended to arbitrarily many qubits without requiring multiple microwave sources. PMID:26601166

  12. Electrically controlling single-spin qubits in a continuous microwave field

    PubMed Central

    Laucht, Arne; Muhonen, Juha T.; Mohiyaddin, Fahd A.; Kalra, Rachpon; Dehollain, Juan P.; Freer, Solomon; Hudson, Fay E.; Veldhorst, Menno; Rahman, Rajib; Klimeck, Gerhard; Itoh, Kohei M.; Jamieson, David N.; McCallum, Jeffrey C.; Dzurak, Andrew S.; Morello, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    Large-scale quantum computers must be built upon quantum bits that are both highly coherent and locally controllable. We demonstrate the quantum control of the electron and the nuclear spin of a single 31P atom in silicon, using a continuous microwave magnetic field together with nanoscale electrostatic gates. The qubits are tuned into resonance with the microwave field by a local change in electric field, which induces a Stark shift of the qubit energies. This method, known as A-gate control, preserves the excellent coherence times and gate fidelities of isolated spins, and can be extended to arbitrarily many qubits without requiring multiple microwave sources. PMID:26601166

  13. Controlled Complete Suppression of Single-Atom Inelastic Spin and Orbital Cotunneling.

    PubMed

    Bryant, Benjamin; Toskovic, Ranko; Ferrón, Alejandro; Lado, José L; Spinelli, Anna; Fernández-Rossier, Joaquín; Otte, Alexander F

    2015-10-14

    The inelastic portion of the tunnel current through an individual magnetic atom grants unique access to read out and change the atom's spin state, but it also provides a path for spontaneous relaxation and decoherence. Controlled closure of the inelastic channel would allow for the latter to be switched off at will, paving the way to coherent spin manipulation in single atoms. Here, we demonstrate complete closure of the inelastic channels for both spin and orbital transitions due to a controlled geometric modification of the atom's environment, using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). The observed suppression of the excitation signal, which occurs for Co atoms assembled into chains on a Cu2N substrate, indicates a structural transition affecting the dz(2) orbital, effectively cutting off the STM tip from the spin-flip cotunneling path. PMID:26366713

  14. Control of the cavity reflectivity using a single quantum dot spin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Shuo; Kim, Hyochul; Solomon, Glenn; Waks, Edo

    2015-03-01

    The implementation of quantum network and distributive quantum information processing relies on interaction between stationary matter qubits and flying photons. The spin of a single electron or hole confined in a quantum dot is considered as promising matter qubit as it possesses microsecond coherence time and allows picosecond timescale control using optical pulses. The quantum dot spin can also interact with a photon by controlling the optical response of a strongly coupled cavity. Yet all the experimental demonstrations of the cavity spectrum control have used neutral dots. The spin-dependent cavity spectrum for a strongly coupled charged quantum dot and cavity system has not been reported. Here, we report an experimental realization of a spin-photon interface using a strongly coupled quantum dot and cavity system. We show large modulation of the cavity reflection spectrum by manipulating the spin states of the quantum dot. The spin-photon interface is crucial for realizing a quantum logic gate or generating hybrid entanglement between a quantum dot spin and a photon. Our results represent an important step towards semiconductor based quantum logic devices and on-chip quantum networks.

  15. Reversible Single Spin Control of Individual Magnetic Molecule by Hydrogen Atom Adsorption

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Liwei; Yang, Kai; Jiang, Yuhang; Song, Boqun; Xiao, Wende; Li, Linfei; Zhou, Haitao; Wang, Yeliang; Du, Shixuan; Ouyang, Min; Hofer, Werner A.; Castro Neto, Antonio H.; Gao, Hong-Jun

    2013-01-01

    The reversible control of a single spin of an atom or a molecule is of great interest in Kondo physics and a potential application in spin based electronics. Here we demonstrate that the Kondo resonance of manganese phthalocyanine molecules on a Au(111) substrate have been reversibly switched off and on via a robust route through attachment and detachment of single hydrogen atom to the magnetic core of the molecule. As further revealed by density functional theory calculations, even though the total number of electrons of the Mn ion remains almost the same in the process, gaining one single hydrogen atom leads to redistribution of charges within 3d orbitals with a reduction of the molecular spin state from S = 3/2 to S = 1 that directly contributes to the Kondo resonance disappearance. This process is reversed by a local voltage pulse or thermal annealing to desorb the hydrogen atom. PMID:23383378

  16. Local electrical control of a single-atom spin qubit in a continuous microwave field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morello, Andrea; Laucht, Arne; Muhonen, Juha; Mohiyaddin, Fahd; Kalra, Rachpon; Dehollain, Juan; Freer, Solomon; Hudson, Fay; Veldhorst, Menno; Dzurak, Andrew; Itoh, Kohei; Rahman, Raijb; Klimeck, Gerhard; McCallum, Jeffrey; Jamieson, David

    2015-03-01

    An ideal physical system to encode quantum information should be well isolated from its environment, but locally addressable and readable. Kane's proposal for a silicon spin-based quantum computer suggested tuning the qubit in/out of resonance with a global oscillating magnetic field by applying a local electric field and exploiting the Stark shift of the electron-nuclear hyperfine interaction (`` A-gate''). We demonstrate universal single-qubit logic gates on both the electron and 31P nuclear spin of a single phosphorus atom in silicon, subject to an always-on microwave field, and operated via an A-gate controlled by nanometre-scale electrodes. The experiment is facilitated by the exceptionally sharp spin resonance frequencies in the nuclear-spin-free 28Si host material. Randomized benchmarking yields quantum gate fidelities >= 99 %, and the millisecond-long spin coherence times remain identical to those obtained by pulsed spin resonance. This method provides a natural pathway to address arbitrarily many qubits in large-scale quantum computers. Funded by the Australian Research Council (CE11E000127) and the U.S. Army Research Office (W911NF-13-1-0024).

  17. Sensing single remote nuclear spins.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Nan; Honert, Jan; Schmid, Bernhard; Klas, Michael; Isoya, Junichi; Markham, Matthew; Twitchen, Daniel; Jelezko, Fedor; Liu, Ren-Bao; Fedder, Helmut; Wrachtrup, Jörg

    2012-10-01

    The detection of single nuclear spins would be useful for fields ranging from basic science to quantum information technology. However, although sensing based on diamond defects and other methods have shown high sensitivity, they have not been capable of detecting single nuclear spins, and defect-based techniques further require strong defect-spin coupling. Here, we present the detection and identification of single and remote (13)C nuclear spins embedded in nuclear spin baths surrounding a single electron spin of a nitrogen-vacancy centre in diamond. We are able to amplify and detect the weak magnetic field noise (?10 nT) from a single nuclear spin located ?3 nm from the centre using dynamical decoupling control, and achieve a detectable hyperfine coupling strength as weak as ?300 Hz. We also confirm the quantum nature of the coupling, and measure the spin-defect distance and the vector components of the nuclear field. The technique marks a step towards imaging, detecting and controlling nuclear spins in single molecules. PMID:22941402

  18. Robust entanglement in antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chains by single-spin optimal control

    SciTech Connect

    Wang Xiaoting; Schirmer, S. G.; Bayat, Abolfazl; Bose, Sougato

    2010-03-15

    We demonstrate how near-perfect entanglement (in fact arbitrarily close to maximal entanglement) can be generated between the end spins of an antiferromagnetic isotropic Heisenberg chain of length N, starting from the ground state in the N/2 excitation subspace, by applying a magnetic field along a given direction, acting on a single spin only. Temporally optimal magnetic fields to generate a singlet pair between the two end spins of the chain are calculated for chains up to length 20 using optimal control theory. The optimal fields are shown to remain effective in various nonideal situations including thermal fluctuations, magnetic field leakage, random system couplings, and decoherence. Furthermore, the quality of the entanglement generated can be substantially improved by taking these imperfections into account in the optimization. In particular, the optimal pulse of a given thermal initial state is also optimal for any other initial thermal state with lower temperature.

  19. Doping controlled spin reorientation in dysprosium-samarium orthoferrite single crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cao, Shixun; Zhao, Weiyao; Kang, Baojuan; Zhang, Jincang; Ren, Wei

    2015-03-01

    As one of the most important phase transitions, spin reorientation (SR) in rare earth transition metal oxides draws much attention of emerging materials technologies. The origin of SR is the competition between different spin configurations which possess different free energy. We report the control of spin reorientation (SR) transition in perovskite rare earth orthoferrite Dy1-xSmxFeO3, a whole family of single crystals grown by optical floating zone method from x =0 to 1. Temperature dependence of the magnetizations under zero-field-cooling (ZFC) and field-cooling (FC) processes are studied. We have found a remarkable linear change of SR transition temperature in Sm-rich samples for x>0.2, which covers an extremely wide temperature range including room temperature. The a-axis magnetization curves under FCC process bifurcate from and then jump down to that of warming process (ZFC and FCW curves) in single crystals when x =0.5-0.9, suggesting complicated 4f-3d electron interactions among Dy3+-Sm3+, Dy3+-Fe3+, and Sm3+-Fe3+ sublattices of diverse magnetic configurations for materials physics and design. The magnetic properties and the doping effect on SR transition temperature in these single crystals might be useful in the spintronics device application. This work is supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2015CB921600), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC, Nos. 51372149, 50932003, 11274222).

  20. Analysis of state-of-the-art single-thruster attitude control techniques for spinning penetrator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raus, Robin; Gao, Yang; Wu, Yunhua; Watt, Mark

    2012-07-01

    The attitude dynamics and manoeuvre survey in this paper is performed for a mission scenario involving a penetrator-type spacecraft: an axisymmetric prolate spacecraft spinning around its minor axis of inertia performing a 90° spin axis reorientation manoeuvre. In contrast to most existing spacecraft only one attitude control thruster is available, providing a control torque perpendicular to the spin axis. Having only one attitude thruster on a spinning spacecraft could be preferred for spacecraft simplicity (lower mass, lower power consumption etc.), or it could be imposed in the context of redundancy/contingency operations. This constraint does yield restrictions on the thruster timings, depending on the ratio of minor to major moments of inertia among other parameters. The Japanese Lunar-A penetrator spacecraft proposal is a good example of such a single-thruster spin-stabilised prolate spacecraft. The attitude dynamics of a spinning rigid body are first investigated analytically, then expanded for the specific case of a prolate and axisymmetric rigid body and finally a cursory exploration of non-rigid body dynamics is made. Next two well-known techniques for manoeuvring a spin-stabilised spacecraft, the Half-cone/Multiple Half-cone and the Rhumb line slew, are compared with two new techniques, the Sector-Arc Slew developed by Astrium Satellites and the Dual-cone developed at Surrey Space Centre. Each technique is introduced and characterised by means of simulation results and illustrations based on the penetrator mission scenario and a brief robustness analysis is performed against errors in moments of inertia and spin rate. Also, the relative benefits of each slew algorithm are discussed in terms of slew accuracy, energy (propellant) efficiency and time efficiency. For example, a sequence of half-cone manoeuvres (a Multi-half-cone manoeuvre) tends to be more energy-efficient than one half-cone for the same final slew angle, but more time-consuming. As another example, the new Sector-Arc Slew and Dual-cone techniques are designed to overcome a specific restriction on attainable slew angle that is associated with the half-cone manoeuvre, giving one additional degree of freedom for designers to fine-tune.

  1. Control of coherence among the spins of a single electron and the three nearest neighbor {sup 13}C nuclei of a nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond

    SciTech Connect

    Shimo-Oka, T.; Miwa, S.; Suzuki, Y.; Mizuochi, N.; Kato, H.; Yamasaki, S.; Jelezko, F.

    2015-04-13

    Individual nuclear spins in diamond can be optically detected through hyperfine couplings with the electron spin of a single nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center; such nuclear spins have outstandingly long coherence times. Among the hyperfine couplings in the NV center, the nearest neighbor {sup 13}C nuclear spins have the largest coupling strength. Nearest neighbor {sup 13}C nuclear spins have the potential to perform fastest gate operations, providing highest fidelity in quantum computing. Herein, we report on the control of coherences in the NV center where all three nearest neighbor carbons are of the {sup 13}C isotope. Coherence among the three and four qubits are generated and analyzed at room temperature.

  2. Gate controlled spin pumping at a quantum spin Hall edge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Narayan, Awadhesh; Hurley, Aaron; Sanvito, Stefano

    2013-09-01

    We propose a four-terminal device designed to manipulate by all electrical means the spin of a magnetic adatom positioned at the edge of a quantum spin Hall insulator. We show that an electrical gate, able to tune the interface resistance between a quantum spin Hall insulator and the source and drain electrodes, can switch the device between two regimes: one where the system exhibits spin pumping and the other where the adatom remains in its ground state. This demonstrates an all-electrical route to control single spins by exploiting helical edge states of topological materials.

  3. Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with single spins in diamond

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balasubramanian, Gopalakrishnan; Tisler, Julia; Kolesov, Roman; Jelezko, Fedor; Wrachtrup, Joerg

    2009-03-01

    Single Nitrogen-Vacancy colour centers in diamond are gaining popularity because of its exceptional optical and spin properties. The single spin of the defect can be manipulated optically, providing a efficient way to entangle single electron spins and couple nuclear spins qubits in diamond.[1] Long spin coherence time of these single defects finds application as sensitive magnetic field probes. Using engineered diamond we can achieve ultrahigh sensitivity using which we will be able to detect a single external electron or nucelar spin.[2] Controlled creation of these color centers inside nanodiamonds offers diverse applications. By attaching these single spins to the tip of a scanning probe, we were able to perform sensitive scanning probe magnetometry at nanoscale.[3] Improving this device by using quantum grade diamond and synchronized NMR pulse sequences we would have the ability to perform nanoscale NMR/MRI of single molecules.[0pt] [1] Neumann, P. et al. Multipartite Entanglement Among Single Spins in Diamond. Science 320, 1326-1329 (2008).[0pt] [2] Maze, J. R. et al. Nanoscale magnetic sensing with an individual electronic spin in diamond. Nature 455, 644-647(2008).[0pt] [3] Balasubramanian, G. et al. Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with diamond spins under ambient conditions. Nature 455, 648-651(2008).

  4. Electrical control of quantum dot spin qubits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Laird, Edward Alexander

    This thesis presents experiments exploring the interactions of electron spins with electric fields in devices of up to four quantum dots. These experiments are particularly motivated by the prospect of using electric fields to control spin qubits. A novel hyperfine effect on a single spin in a quantum dot is presented in Chapter 2. Fluctuations of the nuclear polarization allow single-spin resonance to be driven by an oscillating electric field. Spin resonance spectroscopy revealed a nuclear polarization built up inside the quantum dot device by driving the resonance. The evolution of two coupled spins is controlled by the combination of hyperfine interaction, which tends to cause spin dephasing, and exchange, which tends to prevent it. In Chapter 3, dephasing is studied in a device with tunable exchange, probing the crossover between exchange-dominated and hyperfine-dominated regimes. In agreement with theoretical predictions, oscillations of the spin conversion probability and saturation of dephasing are observed. Chapter 4 deals with a three-dot device, suggested as a potential qubit controlled entirely by exchange. Preparation and readout of the qubit state are demonstrated, together with one out of two coherent exchange operations needed for arbitrary manipulations. A new readout technique allowing rapid device measurement is described. In Chapter 5, an attempt to make a two-qubit gate using a four-dot device is presented. Although spin qubit operation has not yet been possible, the electrostatic interaction between pairs of dots was measured to be sufficient in principle for coherent qubit coupling.

  5. Single-parameter spin-pumping in driven metallic rings with spin-orbit coupling

    SciTech Connect

    Ramos, J. P.; Apel, V. M.; Foa Torres, L. E. F.; Orellana, P. A.

    2014-03-28

    We consider the generation of a pure spin-current at zero bias voltage with a single time-dependent potential. To such end we study a device made of a mesoscopic ring connected to electrodes and clarify the interplay between a magnetic flux, spin-orbit coupling, and non-adiabatic driving in the production of a spin and electrical current. By using Floquet theory, we show that the generated spin to charge current ratio can be controlled by tuning the spin-orbit coupling.

  6. Spin effects in single-electron transistors

    E-print Network

    Granger, Ghislain

    2005-01-01

    Basic electron transport phenomena observed in single-electron transistors (SETs) are introduced, such as Coulomb-blockade diamonds, inelastic cotunneling thresholds, the spin-1/2 Kondo effect, and Fano interference. With ...

  7. Exploring the Single Atom Spin State by Electron Spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Yung-Chang; Teng, Po-Yuan; Chiu, Po-Wen; Suenaga, Kazu

    2015-11-01

    To control the spin state of an individual atom is an ultimate goal for spintronics. A single atom magnet, which may lead to a supercapacity memory device if realized, requires the high-spin state of an isolated individual atom. Here, we demonstrate the realization of well isolated transition metal (TM) atoms fixed at atomic defects sparsely dispersed in graphene. Core-level electron spectroscopy clearly reveals the high-spin state of the individual TM atoms at the divacancy or edge of the graphene layer. We also show for the first time that the spin state of single TM atoms systematically varies with the coordination of neighboring nitrogen or oxygen atoms. These structures can be thus regarded as the smallest components of spintronic devices with controlled magnetic behavior.

  8. Exploring the Single Atom Spin State by Electron Spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Lin, Yung-Chang; Teng, Po-Yuan; Chiu, Po-Wen; Suenaga, Kazu

    2015-11-13

    To control the spin state of an individual atom is an ultimate goal for spintronics. A single atom magnet, which may lead to a supercapacity memory device if realized, requires the high-spin state of an isolated individual atom. Here, we demonstrate the realization of well isolated transition metal (TM) atoms fixed at atomic defects sparsely dispersed in graphene. Core-level electron spectroscopy clearly reveals the high-spin state of the individual TM atoms at the divacancy or edge of the graphene layer. We also show for the first time that the spin state of single TM atoms systematically varies with the coordination of neighboring nitrogen or oxygen atoms. These structures can be thus regarded as the smallest components of spintronic devices with controlled magnetic behavior. PMID:26613462

  9. Coherent terahertz control of antiferromagnetic spin waves

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kampfrath, Tobias; Sell, Alexander; Klatt, Gregor; Pashkin, Alexej; Mährlein, Sebastian; Dekorsy, Thomas; Wolf, Martin; Fiebig, Manfred; Leitenstorfer, Alfred; Huber, Rupert

    2011-01-01

    Ultrafast charge and spin excitations in the elusive terahertz regime of the electromagnetic spectrum play a pivotal role in condensed matter. The electric field of free-space terahertz pulses has provided a direct gateway to manipulating the motion of charges on the femtosecond timescale. Here, we complement this process by showing that the magnetic component of intense terahertz transients enables ultrafast control of the spin degree of freedom. Single-cycle terahertz pulses switch on and off coherent spin waves in antiferromagnetic NiO at frequencies as high as 1 THz. An optical probe pulse with a duration of 8 fs follows the terahertz-induced magnetic dynamics directly in the time domain and verifies that the terahertz field addresses spins selectively by means of the Zeeman interaction. This concept provides a universal ultrafast means to control previously inaccessible magnetic excitations in the electronic ground state.

  10. Single spin stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy

    E-print Network

    Pfender, Matthias; Waldherr, Gerald; Wrachtrup, Jörg

    2014-01-01

    We experimentally demonstrate precision addressing of single quantum emitters by combined optical microscopy and spin resonance techniques. To this end we utilize nitrogen-vacancy (NV) color centers in diamond confined within a few ten nanometers as individually resolvable quantum systems. By developing a stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM) technique for NV centers we are able to simultaneously perform sub diffraction-limit imaging and optically detected spin resonance (ODMR) measurements on NV spins. This allows the assignment of spin resonance spectra to individual NV center locations with nanometer scale resolution and thus further improves spatial discrimination. For example, we resolved formerly indistinguishable emitters by their spectra. Furthermore, ODMR spectra contain metrology information allowing for sub diffraction-limit sensing of, for instance, magnetic or electric fields with inherently parallel data acquisition. As an example, we have detected nuclear spins with nanometer sca...

  11. Hole spin anisotropy in single Mn-doped quantum dots

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Léger, Y.; Besombes, L.; Maingault, L.; Ferrand, D.; Mariette, H.

    2005-12-01

    The anisotropy in the exchange interaction between a single magnetic atom and a single exciton confined in a quantum dot (QD) is revealed experimentally. In a transverse magnetic field we directly observe the orientation of the magnetic ion spin along the resultant direction of the external magnetic field and the hole exchange field. With an increasing transverse magnetic field, this orientation progressively cancels the exchange interaction with the hole and at a high field the fine structure is mainly controlled by the electron-Mn coupling. At intermediate fields, we observe emission replicas caused by multiple spin flips within the Zeeman split ground state of a single Mn. All these features are well modeled by the magnetic field dependence of the stationary states of a single Mn spin in the exchange field of a heavy-hole exciton.

  12. Sensing Distant Nuclear Spins with a Single Electron Spin Shimon Kolkowitz, Quirin P. Unterreithmeier,* Steven D. Bennett, and Mikhail D. Lukin

    E-print Network

    Bennett, Steven D.

    relies on dynamical decoupling sequences, which enhance the sensitivity to individual nuclear spins while the use of a single electronic spin to measure the quantum dynamics of distant individual nuclear spins from within a surrounding spin bath. Our technique exploits coherent control of the electron spin

  13. Manipulating single electron spins and coherence in quantum dots

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Awschalom, David

    2008-05-01

    The non-destructive detection of a single electron spin in a quantum dot (QD) is demonstrated using a time- averaged magneto-optical Kerr rotation measurementootnotetextJ. Berezovsky, M. H. Mikkelsen, O. Gywat, N. G. Stoltz, L. A. Coldren, and D. D. Awschalom, Science 314, 1916 (2006).. This technique provides a means to directly probe the spin off- resonance, thus minimally disturbing the system. Furthermore, the ability to sequentially initialize, manipulate, and read out the state of a qubit, such as an electron spin in a quantum dot, is necessary for virtually any scheme for quantum information processing. In addition to the time-averaged measurements, we have extended the single dot KR technique into the time domain with pulsed pump and probe lasers, allowing the observation of the coherent evolution of an electron spin stateootnotetextM. H. Mikkelsen, J. Berezovsky, N. G. Stoltz, L. A. Coldren, and D. D. Awschalom, Nature Physics 3, 770 (2007).. The dot is formed by interface fluctuations of a GaAs quantum well and embedded in a diode structure to allow controllable gating/charging of the QD. To enhance the small single spin signal, the QD is positioned within a vertical optical cavity. Observations of coherent single spin precession in an applied magnetic field allow a direct measurement of the electron g-factor and transverse spin lifetime. These measurements reveal information about the relevant spin decoherence mechanisms, while also providing a sensitive probe of the local nuclear spin environment. Finally, we have recently eveloped a scheme for high speed all-optical manipulation of the spin state that enables multiple operations within the coherence timeootnotetextJ. Berezovsky, M. H. Mikkelsen, N. G. Stoltz, L. A. Coldren, and D. D. Awschalom, accepted for publication (2008).. The results represent progress toward the control and coupling of single spins and photons for quantum information processingootnotetextS. Ghosh, W.H. Wang, F. M. Mendoza, R. C. Myers, X. Li, N. Samarth, A. C. Gossard, and D. D. Awschalom, Nature Materials, 5, 267 (2006). as well as quantum non-demolition measurements of a single spin.

  14. The dynamics and optimal control of spinning spacecraft and movable telescoping appendages, part A. [two axis control with single offset boom

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bainum, P. M.; Sellappan, R.

    1977-01-01

    The problem of optimal control with a minimum time criterion as applied to a single boom system for achieving two axis control is discussed. The special case where the initial conditions are such that the system can be driven to the equilibrium state with only a single switching maneuver in the bang-bang optimal sequence is analyzed. The system responses are presented. Application of the linear regulator problem for the optimal control of the telescoping system is extended to consider the effects of measurement and plant noises. The noise uncertainties are included with an application of the estimator - Kalman filter problem. Different schemes for measuring the components of the angular velocity are considered. Analytical results are obtained for special cases, and numerical results are presented for the general case.

  15. Strong mechanical driving of a single electron spin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barfuss, A.; Teissier, J.; Neu, E.; Nunnenkamp, A.; Maletinsky, P.

    2015-10-01

    Quantum devices for sensing and computing applications require coherent quantum systems, which can be manipulated in fast and robust ways. Such quantum control is typically achieved using external electromagnetic fields, which drive the system’s orbital, charge or spin degrees of freedom. However, most existing approaches require complex and unwieldy gate structures, and with few exceptions are limited to the regime of weak coherent driving. Here, we present a novel approach to coherently drive a single electronic spin using internal strain fields in an integrated quantum device. Specifically, we employ time-varying strain in a diamond cantilever to induce long-lasting, coherent oscillations of an embedded nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centre spin. We perform direct spectroscopy of the phonon-dressed states emerging from this drive and observe hallmarks of the sought-after strong-driving regime, where the spin rotation frequency exceeds the spin splitting. Furthermore, we employ our continuous strain driving to significantly enhance the NV’s spin coherence time. Our room-temperature experiments thereby constitute an important step towards strain-driven, integrated quantum devices and open new perspectives to investigate unexplored regimes of strongly driven multilevel systems and exotic spin dynamics in hybrid spin-oscillator devices.

  16. Single-spin addressing in an atomic Mott insulator.

    PubMed

    Weitenberg, Christof; Endres, Manuel; Sherson, Jacob F; Cheneau, Marc; Schauss, Peter; Fukuhara, Takeshi; Bloch, Immanuel; Kuhr, Stefan

    2011-03-17

    Ultracold atoms in optical lattices provide a versatile tool with which to investigate fundamental properties of quantum many-body systems. In particular, the high degree of control of experimental parameters has allowed the study of many interesting phenomena, such as quantum phase transitions and quantum spin dynamics. Here we demonstrate how such control can be implemented at the most fundamental level of a single spin at a specific site of an optical lattice. Using a tightly focused laser beam together with a microwave field, we were able to flip the spin of individual atoms in a Mott insulator with sub-diffraction-limited resolution, well below the lattice spacing. The Mott insulator provided us with a large two-dimensional array of perfectly arranged atoms, in which we created arbitrary spin patterns by sequentially addressing selected lattice sites after freezing out the atom distribution. We directly monitored the tunnelling quantum dynamics of single atoms in the lattice prepared along a single line, and observed that our addressing scheme leaves the atoms in the motional ground state. The results should enable studies of entropy transport and the quantum dynamics of spin impurities, the implementation of novel cooling schemes, and the engineering of quantum many-body phases and various quantum information processing applications. PMID:21412333

  17. Quantum control of proximal spins using nanoscale magnetic resonance imaging

    E-print Network

    M. S. Grinolds; P. Maletinsky; S. Hong; M. D. Lukin; R. L Walsworth; A. Yacoby

    2011-03-02

    Quantum control of individual spins in condensed matter systems is an emerging field with wide-ranging applications in spintronics, quantum computation, and sensitive magnetometry. Recent experiments have demonstrated the ability to address and manipulate single electron spins through either optical or electrical techniques. However, it is a challenge to extend individual spin control to nanoscale multi-electron systems, as individual spins are often irresolvable with existing methods. Here we demonstrate that coherent individual spin control can be achieved with few-nm resolution for proximal electron spins by performing single-spin magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which is realized via a scanning magnetic field gradient that is both strong enough to achieve nanometric spatial resolution and sufficiently stable for coherent spin manipulations. We apply this scanning field-gradient MRI technique to electronic spins in nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond and achieve nanometric resolution in imaging, characterization, and manipulation of individual spins. For NV centers, our results in individual spin control demonstrate an improvement of nearly two orders of magnitude in spatial resolution compared to conventional optical diffraction-limited techniques. This scanning-field-gradient microscope enables a wide range of applications including materials characterization, spin entanglement, and nanoscale magnetometry.

  18. Neutron single target spin asymmetries in SIDIS

    SciTech Connect

    Evaristo Cisbani

    2010-04-01

    The experiment E06-010 in Hall A at Jefferson Lab took data between November 2008 and February 2009 to directly measure, for the first time, the pion (and kaon) single "neutron" target-spin asymmetry (SSA) in semi-inclusive DIS from a polarized 3He target. Collins, Sivers (and Pretzelosity) neutron asymmetries are going to be extracted from the measured SSA. Details of the experiment are described together with the preliminary results of the ongoing analysis. Near future Hall A experiments on transverse nucleon spin structure are shorty reviewed.

  19. Sensing electric fields using single diamond spins

    E-print Network

    Florian Dolde; Helmut Fedder; Marcus W. Doherty; Tobias Nöbauer; Florian Rempp; Gopalakrishnan Balasubramanian; Thomas Wolf; Friedemann Reinhard; Lloyd C. L. Hollenberg; Fedor Jelezko; Jörg Wrachtrup

    2011-03-17

    The ability to sensitively detect charges under ambient conditions would be a fascinating new tool benefitting a wide range of researchers across disciplines. However, most current techniques are limited to low-temperature methods like single-electron transistors (SET), single-electron electrostatic force microscopy and scanning tunnelling microscopy. Here we open up a new quantum metrology technique demonstrating precision electric field measurement using a single nitrogen-vacancy defect centre(NV) spin in diamond. An AC electric field sensitivity reaching ~ 140V/cm/\\surd Hz has been achieved. This corresponds to the electric field produced by a single elementary charge located at a distance of ~ 150 nm from our spin sensor with averaging for one second. By careful analysis of the electronic structure of the defect centre, we show how an applied magnetic field influences the electric field sensing properties. By this we demonstrate that diamond defect centre spins can be switched between electric and magnetic field sensing modes and identify suitable parameter ranges for both detector schemes. By combining magnetic and electric field sensitivity, nanoscale detection and ambient operation our study opens up new frontiers in imaging and sensing applications ranging from material science to bioimaging.

  20. Single-spin stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy.

    PubMed

    Pfender, Matthias; Aslam, Nabeel; Waldherr, Gerald; Neumann, Philipp; Wrachtrup, Jörg

    2014-10-14

    We experimentally demonstrate precision addressing of single-quantum emitters by combined optical microscopy and spin resonance techniques. To this end, we use nitrogen vacancy (NV) color centers in diamond confined within a few ten nanometers as individually resolvable quantum systems. By developing a stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM) technique for NV centers, we are able to simultaneously perform sub-diffraction-limit imaging and optically detected spin resonance (ODMR) measurements on NV spins. This allows the assignment of spin resonance spectra to individual NV center locations with nanometer-scale resolution and thus further improves spatial discrimination. For example, we resolved formerly indistinguishable emitters by their spectra. Furthermore, ODMR spectra contain metrology information allowing for sub-diffraction-limit sensing of, for instance, magnetic or electric fields with inherently parallel data acquisition. As an example, we have detected nuclear spins with nanometer-scale precision. Finally, we give prospects of how this technique can evolve into a fully parallel quantum sensor for nanometer resolution imaging of delocalized quantum correlations. PMID:25267655

  1. Single-spin stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy

    PubMed Central

    Pfender, Matthias; Aslam, Nabeel; Waldherr, Gerald; Neumann, Philipp; Wrachtrup, Jörg

    2014-01-01

    We experimentally demonstrate precision addressing of single-quantum emitters by combined optical microscopy and spin resonance techniques. To this end, we use nitrogen vacancy (NV) color centers in diamond confined within a few ten nanometers as individually resolvable quantum systems. By developing a stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM) technique for NV centers, we are able to simultaneously perform sub–diffraction-limit imaging and optically detected spin resonance (ODMR) measurements on NV spins. This allows the assignment of spin resonance spectra to individual NV center locations with nanometer-scale resolution and thus further improves spatial discrimination. For example, we resolved formerly indistinguishable emitters by their spectra. Furthermore, ODMR spectra contain metrology information allowing for sub–diffraction-limit sensing of, for instance, magnetic or electric fields with inherently parallel data acquisition. As an example, we have detected nuclear spins with nanometer-scale precision. Finally, we give prospects of how this technique can evolve into a fully parallel quantum sensor for nanometer resolution imaging of delocalized quantum correlations. PMID:25267655

  2. Chiral Dynamics and Single-Spin Asymmetries

    E-print Network

    Dennis Sivers

    2007-11-20

    Parity-conserving single-spin asymmetries provide a specific measure of coherent spin-orbit dynamics in quantum chromodynamics. The origin of these effects can be traced to the interplay of chiral dynamics and confinement in the theory. The most elegant display of the relevant mechanisms occurs in the Collins functions and the polarizing fragmentation functions and fracture functions for particles with spin. In the nucleon, these same dynamical mechanisms generate virtual quantum structures leading to the Boer-Mulders functions and orbital distributions. Two complementary formalisms for these distributions appear. The familiar gauge-link formalism incorporates oll nonperturbative dynamics into nonlocal correlators. The constructive formalism introduced by the author describes distributions normalized to an intrinsic property of the nucleon, namely, the currents specified in the Bakker-Leader-Trueman sum rule. The connection between these two approaches can be explored in the process dependence of single-spin asymmetries in various hard-scattering processes. The study of the SU(2) Weyl-Dirac equation in spherical coordinates allows typical Wilson operators that determine this process dependence to be evaluated in the coordinate gauge.

  3. Robust control of individual nuclear spins in diamond

    E-print Network

    Benjamin Smeltzer; Jean McIntyre; Lilian Childress

    2009-09-22

    Isolated nuclear spins offer a promising building block for quantum information processing systems, but their weak interactions often impede preparation, control, and detection. Hyperfine coupling to a proximal electronic spin can enhance each of these processes. Using the electronic spin of the nitrogen-vacancy center as an intermediary, we demonstrate robust initialization, single-qubit manipulation, and direct optical readout of 13C, 15N, and 14N nuclear spins in diamond. These results pave the way for nitrogen nuclear spin based quantum information architectures in diamond.

  4. Ultrafast optical control of individual quantum dot spin qubits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    De Greve, Kristiaan; Press, David; McMahon, Peter L.; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa

    2013-09-01

    Single spins in semiconductor quantum dots form a promising platform for solid-state quantum information processing. The spin-up and spin-down states of a single electron or hole, trapped inside a quantum dot, can represent a single qubit with a reasonably long decoherence time. The spin qubit can be optically coupled to excited (charged exciton) states that are also trapped in the quantum dot, which provides a mechanism to quickly initialize, manipulate and measure the spin state with optical pulses, and to interface between a stationary matter qubit and a ‘flying’ photonic qubit for quantum communication and distributed quantum information processing. The interaction of the spin qubit with light may be enhanced by placing the quantum dot inside a monolithic microcavity. An entire system, consisting of a two-dimensional array of quantum dots and a planar microcavity, may plausibly be constructed by modern semiconductor nano-fabrication technology and could offer a path toward chip-sized scalable quantum repeaters and quantum computers. This article reviews the recent experimental developments in optical control of single quantum dot spins for quantum information processing. We highlight demonstrations of a complete set of all-optical single-qubit operations on a single quantum dot spin: initialization, an arbitrary SU(2) gate, and measurement. We review the decoherence and dephasing mechanisms due to hyperfine interaction with the nuclear-spin bath, and show how the single-qubit operations can be combined to perform spin echo sequences that extend the qubit decoherence from a few nanoseconds to several microseconds, more than 5 orders of magnitude longer than the single-qubit gate time. Two-qubit coupling is discussed, both within a single chip by means of exchange coupling of nearby spins and optically induced geometric phases, as well as over longer-distances. Long-distance spin-spin entanglement can be generated if each spin can emit a photon that is entangled with the spin, and these photons are then interfered. We review recent work demonstrating entanglement between a stationary spin qubit and a flying photonic qubit. These experiments utilize the polarization- and frequency-dependent spontaneous emission from the lowest charged exciton state to single spin Zeeman sublevels.

  5. Pulsed Nuclear Pumping and Spin Diffusion in a Single Charged Quantum Dot

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ladd, Thaddeus D.; Press, David; de Greve, Kristiaan; McMahon, Peter L.; Friess, Benedikt; Schneider, Christian; Kamp, Martin; Höfling, Sven; Forchel, Alfred; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa

    2010-09-01

    We report the observation of a feedback process between the nuclear spins in a single charged quantum dot under coherently pulsed optical excitation and its trion transition. The optical pulse sequence intersperses resonant narrow-band pumping for spin initialization with off-resonant ultrafast pulses for coherent electron-spin rotation. A hysteretic sawtooth pattern in the free-induction decay of the single electron spin is observed; a mathematical model indicates a competition between optical nuclear pumping and nuclear spin-diffusion. This effect allows dynamic tuning of the electron Larmor frequency to a value determined by the pulse timing, potentially allowing more complex coherent control operations.

  6. Spin-momentum correlation in relativistic single particle quantum states

    E-print Network

    M. A. Jafarizadeha; M. Mahdian

    2010-08-04

    This paper was concerned with the spin-momentum correlation in single-particle quantum states, which is described by the mixed states under Lorentz transformations. For convenience, instead of using the superposition of momenta we use only two momentum eigen states (p1 and p2) that are perpendicular to the Lorentz boost direction. Consequently, in 2D momentum subspace we show that the entanglement of spin-momentum in the moving frame depends on the angle between them. Therefore, when spin and momentum are perpendicular the measure of entanglement is not observer-dependent quantity in inertial frame. Likewise, we have calculated the measure of entanglement (by using the concurrence) and has shown that entanglement decreases with respect to the increasing of observer velocity. Finally, we argue that, Wigner rotation is induced by Lorentz transformations can be realized as controlling operator.

  7. QCD Resummation for Single Spin Asymmetries

    SciTech Connect

    Kang Z.; Xiao, Bo-Wen; Yuan, Feng

    2011-10-05

    We study the transverse momentum dependent factorization for single spin asymmetries in Drell-Yan and semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering processes at one-loop order. The next-to-leading order hard factors are calculated in the Ji-Ma-Yuan factorization scheme. We further derive the QCD resummation formalisms for these observables following the Collins-Soper-Sterman method. The results are expressed in terms of the collinear correlation functions from initial and/or final state hadrons coupled with the Sudakov form factor containing all order soft-gluon resummation effects. The scheme-independent coefficients are calculated up to one-loop order.

  8. Switched Control of Electron Nuclear Spin Systems

    E-print Network

    Navin Khaneja

    2007-07-11

    In this article, we study control of electron-nuclear spin dynamics at magnetic field strengths where the Larmor frequency of the nucleus is comparable to the hyperfine coupling strength. The quantization axis for the nuclear spin differs from the static B_0 field direction and depends on the state of the electron spin. The quantization axis can be switched by flipping the state of electron spin, allowing for universal control on nuclear spin states. We show that by performing a sequence of flips (each followed by a suitable delay), we can perform any desired rotation on the nuclear spins, which can also be conditioned on the state of the electron spin. These operations, combined with electron spin rotations can be used to synthesize any unitary transformation on the coupled electron-nuclear spin system. We discuss how these methods can be used for design of experiments for transfer of polarization from the electron to the nuclear spins.

  9. Single spin optically detected magnetic resonance with 60-90 GHz (E-band) microwave resonators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aslam, Nabeel; Pfender, Matthias; Stöhr, Rainer; Neumann, Philipp; Scheffler, Marc; Sumiya, Hitoshi; Abe, Hiroshi; Onoda, Shinobu; Ohshima, Takeshi; Isoya, Junichi; Wrachtrup, Jörg

    2015-06-01

    Magnetic resonance with ensembles of electron spins is commonly performed around 10 GHz, but also at frequencies above 240 GHz and in corresponding magnetic fields of over 9 T. However, experiments with single electron and nuclear spins so far only reach into frequency ranges of several 10 GHz, where existing coplanar waveguide structures for microwave (MW) delivery are compatible with single spin readout techniques (e.g., electrical or optical readout). Here, we explore the frequency range up to 90 GHz, with magnetic fields of up to ?3 T for single spin magnetic resonance in conjunction with optical spin readout. To this end, we develop MW resonators with optical single spin access. In our case, rectangular 60-90 GHz (E-band) waveguides guarantee low-loss supply of microwaves to the resonators. Three dimensional cavities, as well as coplanar waveguide resonators, enhance MW fields by spatial and spectral confinement with a MW efficiency of 1 . 36 mT / ?{ W } . We utilize single nitrogen vacancy (NV) centers as hosts for optically accessible spins and show that their properties regarding optical spin readout known from smaller fields (<0.65 T) are retained up to fields of 3 T. In addition, we demonstrate coherent control of single nuclear spins under these conditions. Furthermore, our results extend the applicable magnetic field range of a single spin magnetic field sensor. Regarding spin based quantum registers, high fields lead to a purer product basis of electron and nuclear spins, which promises improved spin lifetimes. For example, during continuous single-shot readout, the 14N nuclear spin shows second-long longitudinal relaxation times.

  10. Nanoscale Spin Seebeck Rectifier: Controlling Thermal Spin Transport across Insulating Magnetic Junctions with Localized Spin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ren, Jie; Fransson, Jonas; Zhu, Jian-Xin

    2014-06-01

    The spin Seebeck effect is studied across a charge insulating magnetic junction, in which thermal-spin conjugate transport is assisted by the exchange interactions between the localized spin in the center and electrons in metallic leads. We show that, in contrast with bulk spin Seebeck effect, the figure of merit of such nanoscale thermal-spin conversion can be infinite, leading to the ideal Carnot efficiency in the linear response regime. We also find that in the nonlinear spin Seebeck transport regime the device possesses the asymmetric and negative differential spin Seebeck effects. In the last, the situations with leaking electron tunneling are also discussed. This nanoscale thermal spin rectifier, by tuning the junction parameters, can act as a spin Seebeck diode, spin Seebeck transistor, and spin Seebeck switch, which could have substantial implications for flexible thermal and information control in molecular spin caloritronics.

  11. Nanoscale Spin Seebeck Rectifier: Controlling Thermal Spin Transport across Insulating Magnetic Junctions with Localized Spin

    E-print Network

    Jie Ren; Jonas Fransson; Jian-Xin Zhu

    2014-06-20

    The spin Seebeck effect is studied across a charge insulating magnetic junction, in which thermal-spin conjugate transport is assisted by the exchange interactions between the localized spin in the center and electrons in metallic leads. We show that, in contrast with bulk spin Seebeck effect, the figure of merit of such nanoscale thermal-spin conversion can be infinite, leading to the ideal Carnot efficiency in the linear response regime. We also find that in the nonlinear spin Seebeck transport regime, the device possesses the asymmetric and negative differential spin Seebeck effects. In the last, the situations with leaking electron tunneling are also discussed. This nanoscale thermal spin rectifier, by tuning the junction parameters, can act as a spin Seebeck diode, spin Seebeck transistor and spin Seebeck switch, which could have substantial implications for flexible thermal and information control in molecular spin caloritronics.

  12. Spinning solar sail orbit steering via spin rate control

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mimasu, Yuya; Yamaguchi, Tomohiro; Matsumoto, Michihiro; Nakamiya, Masaki; Funase, Ryu; Kawaguchi, Jun'ichiro

    2011-12-01

    The orbit of a solar sail can be controlled by changing the attitude of the spacecraft. In this study, we consider the spinning solar power sail IKAROS (Interplanetary Kite-craft Accelerated by Radiation Of the Sun), which is managed by Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). The IKAROS attitude, i.e., the direction of its spin-axis, is nominally controlled by the rhumb-line control method. By utilizing the solar radiation torque, however, we are able to change the direction of the spin-axis by only controlling its spin rate. With this spin rate control, we can also control indirectly the solar sail's trajectory. The main objective of this study is to construct the orbit control strategy of the solar sail via the spin-rate control method. We evaluate this strategy in terms of its propellant consumption compared to the rhumb-line control method. Finally, we present the actual flight attitude data of IKAROS and the change of its trajectory.

  13. Single Spin Asymmetry in Charmonium Production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Godbole, Rohini M.; Kaushik, Abhiram; Misra, Anuradha; Rawoot, Vaibhav

    2015-09-01

    We present estimates of single spin asymmetry (SSA) in the electroproduction of taking into account the transverse momentum dependent (TMD) evolution of the gluon Sivers function and using Color Evaporation Model of charmonium production. We estimate SSA for JLab, HERMES, COMPASS and eRHIC energies using recent parameters for the quark Sivers functions which are fitted using an evolution kernel in which the perturbative part is resummed up to next-to-leading logarithms accuracy. We find that these SSAs are much smaller as compared to our first estimates obtained using DGLAP evolution but are comparable to our estimates obtained using TMD evolution where we had used approximate analytical solution of the TMD evolution equation for the purpose.

  14. Optically controlled spins in semiconductor quantum dots

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Economou, Sophia

    2010-03-01

    Spins in charged semiconductor quantum dots are currently generating much interest, both from a fundamental physics standpoint, as well as for their potential technological relevance. Being naturally a two-level quantum system, each of these spins can encode a bit of quantum information. Optically controlled spins in quantum dots possess several desirable properties: their spin coherence times are long, they allow for all-optical manipulation---which translates into fast logic gates---and their coupling to photons offers a straightforward route to exchange of quantum information between spatially separated sites. Designing the laser fields to achieve the unprecedented amount of control required for quantum information tasks is a challenging goal, towards which there has been recent progress. Special properties of hyperbolic secant optical pulses enabled the design of single qubit rotations, initially developed about the growth axis z [1], and later about an arbitrary direction [2]. Recently we demonstrated our theoretical proposal [1] in an ensemble of InAs/GaAs quantum dots by implementing ultrafast rotations about the z axis by an arbitrary angle [3], with the angle of rotation as a function of the optical detuning in excellent agreement with the theoretical prediction. We also developed two-qubit conditional control in a quantum dot `molecule' using the electron-hole exchange interaction [4]. In addition to its importance in quantum dot-based quantum computation, our two-qubit gate can also play an important role in photonic cluster state generation for measurement-based quantum computing [5]. [1] S. E. Economou, L. J. Sham, Y. Wu, D. S. Steel, Phys. Rev. 74, 205415 (2006) [2] S. E. Economou and T. L. Reinecke, Phys. Rev. Lett., 99, 217401 (2007) [3] A. Greilich, S. E. Economou et al, Nature Phys. 5, 262 (2009) [4] S. E. Economou and T. L. Reinecke, Phys. Rev. B, 78, 115306 (2008) [5] S. E. Economou, N. H. Lindner, and T. Rudolph, in preparation

  15. Dynamic control of spin wave spectra using spin-polarized currents

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Qi; Zhang, Huaiwu Tang, Xiaoli; Bai, Feiming; Zhong, Zhiyong; Fangohr, Hans

    2014-09-15

    We describe a method of controlling the spin wave spectra dynamically in a uniform nanostripe waveguide through spin-polarized currents. A stable periodic magnetization structure is observed when the current flows vertically through the center of nanostripe waveguide. After being excited, the spin wave is transmitted at the sides of the waveguide. Numerical simulations of spin-wave transmission and dispersion curves reveal a single, pronounced band gap. Moreover, the periodic magnetization structure can be turned on and off by the spin-polarized current. The switching process from full rejection to full transmission takes place within less than 3?ns. Thus, this type magnonic waveguide can be utilized for low-dissipation spin wave based filters.

  16. Theory of quantum control of spin-photon dynamics and spin decoherence in semiconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yao, Wang

    Single electron spin in a semiconductor quantum dot (QD) and single photon wavepacket propagating in an optical waveguide are investigated as carriers of quantum bit (qubit) for information processing. Cavity quantum electrodynamics of the coupled system composed of charged QD, microcavity and waveguide provides a quantum interface for the interplay of stationary spin qubits and flying photon qubits via cavity assisted optical control. This interface forms the basis for a wide range of essential functions of a quantum network, including transferring, swapping, and entangling qubits at distributed quantum nodes as well as a deterministic source and an efficient detector of a single photon wavepacket with arbitrarily specified shape. The cavity assisted optical process also made possible ultrafast initialization and QND readout of the spin qubit in QD. In addition, the strong optical nonlinearity of dot-cavity-waveguide coupled system enables phase gate and entanglement operation for flying single photon qubits in waveguides. The coherence of the electron spin is the wellspring of these quantum applications being investigated. At low temperature and strong magnetic field, the dominant cause of electron spin decoherence is the coupling with the interacting lattice nuclear spins. We present a quantum solution to the coupled dynamics of the electron with the nuclear spin bath. The decoherence is treated in terms of quantum entanglement of the electron with the nuclear pair-flip excitations driven by the various nuclear interactions. A novel nuclear interaction, mediated by virtue spin-flips of the single electron, plays an important role in single spin free-induction decay (FID). The spin echo not only refocuses the dephasing by inhomogeneous broadening in ensemble dynamics but also eliminates the decoherence by electron-mediated nuclear interaction. Thus, the decoherence times for single spin FID and ensemble spin echo are significantly different. The quantum theory of decoherence also leads to a method of coherence recovery of the electron by disentanglement, realized through maneuvering the nuclear bath evolution by control of the electron spin-flip. The studies form the basis to outline the construction of a solid-state quantum network for scalable and distributed processing of quantum information.

  17. Ultrahigh spin thermopower and pure spin current in a single-molecule magnet

    PubMed Central

    Luo, Bo; Liu, Juan; Lü, Jing-Tao; Gao, Jin-Hua; Yao, Kai-Lun

    2014-01-01

    Using the non-equilibrium Green's function (NEGF) formalism within the sequential regime, we studied ultrahigh spin thermopower and pure spin current in single-molecule magnet(SMM), which is attached to nonmagnetic metal wires with spin bias and angle (?) between the easy axis of SMM and the spin orientation in the electrodes. A pure spin current can be generated by tuning the gate voltage and temperature difference with finite spin bias and the arbitrary angle except of . In the linear regime, large thermopower can be obtained by modifying Vg and the angles (?). These results are useful in fabricating and advantaging SMM devices based on spin caloritronics. PMID:24549224

  18. Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond

    E-print Network

    Loss, Daniel

    ARTICLES Room-temperature coherent coupling of single spins in diamond TORSTEN GAEBEL1 , MICHAEL. Here we show that a single pair of strongly coupled spins in diamond, associated with a nitrogen molecular nitrogen into high-purity diamond. S trong coherent coupling between quantum objects is essential

  19. Macroscopic rotation of photon polarization induced by a single spin.

    PubMed

    Arnold, Christophe; Demory, Justin; Loo, Vivien; Lemaître, Aristide; Sagnes, Isabelle; Glazov, Mikhaïl; Krebs, Olivier; Voisin, Paul; Senellart, Pascale; Lanco, Loïc

    2015-01-01

    Entangling a single spin to the polarization of a single incoming photon, generated by an external source, would open new paradigms in quantum optics such as delayed-photon entanglement, deterministic logic gates or fault-tolerant quantum computing. These perspectives rely on the possibility that a single spin induces a macroscopic rotation of a photon polarization. Such polarization rotations induced by single spins were recently observed, yet limited to a few 10(-3) degrees due to poor spin-photon coupling. Here we report the enhancement by three orders of magnitude of the spin-photon interaction, using a cavity quantum electrodynamics device. A single hole spin in a semiconductor quantum dot is deterministically coupled to a micropillar cavity. The cavity-enhanced coupling between the incoming photons and the solid-state spin results in a polarization rotation by ± 6° when the spin is optically initialized in the up or down state. These results open the way towards a spin-based quantum network. PMID:25687134

  20. Macroscopic rotation of photon polarization induced by a single spin

    PubMed Central

    Arnold, Christophe; Demory, Justin; Loo, Vivien; Lemaître, Aristide; Sagnes, Isabelle; Glazov, Mikhaïl; Krebs, Olivier; Voisin, Paul; Senellart, Pascale; Lanco, Loïc

    2015-01-01

    Entangling a single spin to the polarization of a single incoming photon, generated by an external source, would open new paradigms in quantum optics such as delayed-photon entanglement, deterministic logic gates or fault-tolerant quantum computing. These perspectives rely on the possibility that a single spin induces a macroscopic rotation of a photon polarization. Such polarization rotations induced by single spins were recently observed, yet limited to a few 10?3 degrees due to poor spin–photon coupling. Here we report the enhancement by three orders of magnitude of the spin–photon interaction, using a cavity quantum electrodynamics device. A single hole spin in a semiconductor quantum dot is deterministically coupled to a micropillar cavity. The cavity-enhanced coupling between the incoming photons and the solid-state spin results in a polarization rotation by ±6° when the spin is optically initialized in the up or down state. These results open the way towards a spin-based quantum network. PMID:25687134

  1. Controlling the state of quantum spins with electric currents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Loth, Sebastian; von Bergmann, Kirsten; Ternes, Markus; Otte, Alexander F.; Lutz, Christopher P.; Heinrich, Andreas J.

    2010-05-01

    A current of spin-polarized electrons senses and controls the magnetic state of nanostructured materials. Obtaining similar electrical access to quantum spin systems, such as single-molecule magnets, is still in its infancy. Recent progress has been achieved by probing the spin system near thermal equilibrium. However, it is the elusive non-equilibrium properties of the excited states that govern the time evolution of such structures and will ultimately establish the feasibility of applications in data storage and quantum information processing. Here we use spin-polarized scanning tunnelling microscopy to pump electron spins of atoms on surfaces into highly excited states and sense the resulting spatial orientation of the spin. This electrical control culminates in complete inversion of the spin-state population and gives experimental access to the spin relaxation times of each excited state. The direction of current flow determines the orientation of the atom's spin, indicating that electrical switching and sensing of future magnetic bits is feasible in the quantum regime.

  2. RHIC spin flipper AC dipole controller

    SciTech Connect

    Oddo, P.; Bai, M.; Dawson, C.; Gassner, D.; Harvey, M.; Hayes, T.; Mernick, K.; Minty, M.; Roser, T.; Severino, F.; Smith, K.

    2011-03-28

    The RHIC Spin Flipper's five high-Q AC dipoles which are driven by a swept frequency waveform require precise control of phase and amplitude during the sweep. This control is achieved using FPGA based feedback controllers. Multiple feedback loops are used to and dynamically tune the magnets. The current implementation and results will be presented. Work on a new spin flipper for RHIC (Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider) incorporating multiple dynamically tuned high-Q AC-dipoles has been developed for RHIC spin-physics experiments. A spin flipper is needed to cancel systematic errors by reversing the spin direction of the two colliding beams multiple times during a store. The spin flipper system consists of four DC-dipole magnets (spin rotators) and five AC-dipole magnets. Multiple AC-dipoles are needed to localize the driven coherent betatron oscillation inside the spin flipper. Operationally the AC-dipoles form two swept frequency bumps that minimize the effect of the AC-dipole dipoles outside of the spin flipper. Both AC bumps operate at the same frequency, but are phase shifted from each other. The AC-dipoles therefore require precise control over amplitude and phase making the implementation of the AC-dipole controller the central challenge.

  3. Engineering near-infrared single-photon emitters with optically active spins in ultrapure silicon carbide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fuchs, F.; Stender, B.; Trupke, M.; Simin, D.; Pflaum, J.; Dyakonov, V.; Astakhov, G. V.

    2015-07-01

    Vacancy-related centres in silicon carbide are attracting growing attention because of their appealing optical and spin properties. These atomic-scale defects can be created using electron or neutron irradiation; however, their precise engineering has not been demonstrated yet. Here, silicon vacancies are generated in a nuclear reactor and their density is controlled over eight orders of magnitude within an accuracy down to a single vacancy level. An isolated silicon vacancy serves as a near-infrared photostable single-photon emitter, operating even at room temperature. The vacancy spins can be manipulated using an optically detected magnetic resonance technique, and we determine the transition rates and absorption cross-section, describing the intensity-dependent photophysics of these emitters. The on-demand engineering of optically active spins in technologically friendly materials is a crucial step toward implementation of both maser amplifiers, requiring high-density spin ensembles, and qubits based on single spins.

  4. Engineering near-infrared single-photon emitters with optically active spins in ultrapure silicon carbide.

    PubMed

    Fuchs, F; Stender, B; Trupke, M; Simin, D; Pflaum, J; Dyakonov, V; Astakhov, G V

    2015-01-01

    Vacancy-related centres in silicon carbide are attracting growing attention because of their appealing optical and spin properties. These atomic-scale defects can be created using electron or neutron irradiation; however, their precise engineering has not been demonstrated yet. Here, silicon vacancies are generated in a nuclear reactor and their density is controlled over eight orders of magnitude within an accuracy down to a single vacancy level. An isolated silicon vacancy serves as a near-infrared photostable single-photon emitter, operating even at room temperature. The vacancy spins can be manipulated using an optically detected magnetic resonance technique, and we determine the transition rates and absorption cross-section, describing the intensity-dependent photophysics of these emitters. The on-demand engineering of optically active spins in technologically friendly materials is a crucial step toward implementation of both maser amplifiers, requiring high-density spin ensembles, and qubits based on single spins. PMID:26151881

  5. Spin dynamics in the optical cycle of single nitrogen-vacancy centres in diamond

    E-print Network

    Robledo, Lucio; van der Sar, Toeno; Hanson, Ronald

    2010-01-01

    We investigate spin-dependent decay and intersystem crossing in the optical cycle of single negatively-charged nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centres in diamond. We use spin control and pulsed optical excitation to extract both the spin-resolved lifetimes of the excited states and the degree of optically-induced spin polarization. By optically exciting the centre with a series of picosecond pulses, we determine the spin-flip probabilities per optical cycle, as well as the spin-dependent probability for intersystem crossing. This information, together with the indepedently measured decay rate of singlet population provides a full description of spin dynamics in the optical cycle of NV centres. The temperature dependence of the singlet population decay rate provides information on the number of singlet states involved in the optical cycle.

  6. Spin dynamics in the optical cycle of single nitrogen-vacancy centres in diamond

    E-print Network

    Lucio Robledo; Hannes Bernien; Toeno van der Sar; Ronald Hanson

    2010-10-06

    We investigate spin-dependent decay and intersystem crossing in the optical cycle of single negatively-charged nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centres in diamond. We use spin control and pulsed optical excitation to extract both the spin-resolved lifetimes of the excited states and the degree of optically-induced spin polarization. By optically exciting the centre with a series of picosecond pulses, we determine the spin-flip probabilities per optical cycle, as well as the spin-dependent probability for intersystem crossing. This information, together with the indepedently measured decay rate of singlet population provides a full description of spin dynamics in the optical cycle of NV centres. The temperature dependence of the singlet population decay rate provides information on the number of singlet states involved in the optical cycle.

  7. Mechanically controlled spin-selective transport

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shekhter, R. I.; Entin-Wohlman, O.; Aharony, A.

    2014-07-01

    A device enabling mechanically controlled spin and electric transport in mesoscopic structures is proposed. It is based on the transfer of electrons through weak links formed by suspended nanowires, on which the charge carriers experience a strong Rashba spin-orbit interaction that twists their spins. It is demonstrated that when the weak link bridges two magnetically polarized electrodes, a significant spintro-voltaic effect takes place. Then, by monitoring the generated voltage, one is able to measure electronic spins accumulated in the electrodes, induced, e.g., by circularly polarized light or, alternatively, the amount of spin twisting. Mechanically tuning the device by bending the nanowire allows one to achieve full control over the spin orientations of the charge carriers.

  8. Single Spin Asymmetry in Strongly Correlated Quark Model

    SciTech Connect

    Musulmanbekov, G.

    2007-06-13

    The Single Transverse - Spin Asymmetry (SSA) is analysed in the framework of the Strongly Correlated Quark Model proposed by author, where the proton spin emerges from the orbital momenta of quark and qluon condensates circulating around the valence quarks. It is shown that dominating factors of appearance of SSA are the orbiting around the valence quarks sea quark and qluon condensates and spin dependent quark-quark cross sections.

  9. Spin resonance strength calculation through single particle tracking for RHIC

    SciTech Connect

    Luo, Y.; Dutheil, Y.; Huang, H.; Meot, F.; Ranjbar, V.

    2015-05-03

    The strengths of spin resonances for the polarized-proton operation in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider are currently calculated with the code DEPOL, which numerically integrates through the ring based on an analytical approximate formula. In this article, we test a new way to calculate the spin resonance strengths by performing Fourier transformation to the actual transverse magnetic fields seen by a single particle traveling through the ring. Comparison of calculated spin resonance strengths is made between this method and DEPOL.

  10. Radio Frequency Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy for Single-Molecule Spin Resonance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Müllegger, Stefan; Tebi, Stefano; Das, Amal K.; Schöfberger, Wolfgang; Faschinger, Felix; Koch, Reinhold

    2014-09-01

    We probe nuclear and electron spins in a single molecule even beyond the electromagnetic dipole selection rules, at readily accessible magnetic fields (few mT) and temperatures (5 K) by resonant radio-frequency current from a scanning tunneling microscope. We achieve subnanometer spatial resolution combined with single-spin sensitivity, representing a 10 orders of magnitude improvement compared to existing magnetic resonance techniques. We demonstrate the successful resonant spectroscopy of the complete manifold of nuclear and electronic magnetic transitions of up to ?Iz=±3 and ?Jz=±12 of single quantum spins in a single molecule. Our method of resonant radio-frequency scanning tunneling spectroscopy offers, atom-by-atom, unprecedented analytical power and spin control with an impact on diverse fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology.

  11. Electronic read-out of a single nuclear spin using a molecular spin transistor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Balestro, Franck

    2013-03-01

    Thanks to recent advances of nanofabrication techniques, molecular electronics devices can address today the ultimate probing of electronic transport flowing through a single molecule. Not only this electronic current can show signatures of the molecular quantum levels but it can also detect the magnetic state of the molecule. As a consequence, an entirely novel research field called molecular spintronics in which quantum magnetism of molecular systems can be interfaced to nanoelectronics is now emerging. One of the recent challenges of this field was to probe by this current, not the only spin state of an electron, but the state of a single nuclear spin. Such an achievement was experimentally unimaginable a few years ago. Indeed, the magnetic signal carried by a single nuclear spin is a thousand times less than that of a single electron spin... Using a Single Molecular Magnet (TbPc2) as a molecular spin transistor in a three terminals configuration, the experiment consists in measuring the current changes when ones sweep the external magnetic field applied to the molecule. When the magnetic spin of the molecule changes its quantum state, a change of current is recorded. Because of the well-defined relationship that exists between the electron spin and nuclear spin carried by the nuclei of the Terbium atom, it is possible to perform the electronic read-out of the electronic spin state which, in turn give information on the state of a single nuclear spin. Application of this effect for quantum information manipulation and storage can be envisioned, as the observation of energy level lifetimes on the order of tens of seconds opens the way to coherent manipulations of a single nuclear spin. In collaboration with R. Vincent, Neel Institut - CNRS - UJF; S. Klyatskaya, Institut of Nanotechnology - KIT; M. Ruben, Institut of Nanotechnology - KIT; and W. Wernsdorfer, Neel Institut - CNRS - UJF.

  12. Ultrafast Control of Spin and Motion in Trapped Ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mizrahi, Jonathan

    2014-05-01

    Trapped atomic ions are a promising medium for quantum computing, due to their long coherence times and potential for scalability. Current methods of entangling ions rely on addressing individual modes of motion within the trap and applying qubit state dependent forces with external fields. This approach can limit the speed of entangling gates and make them vulnerable to decoherence due to coupling to unwanted modes or ion heating. This research is directed towards demonstrating novel entanglement schemes which are not limited by the trap frequency, and can be made almost arbitrarily fast. Towards this goal, I will present results from the first experiments using ultrafast laser pulses to control the internal and external states of a single trapped ion. I will begin with experiments in ultrafast spin control, showing how a single laser pulse can be used to completely control both spin degrees of freedom of the ion qubit in tens of picoseconds. Second, I will discuss experiments using pulses to rapidly entangle the spin with the motion, and how careful spectral redistribution allows a single pulse to execute a spin-dependent momentum kick. Finally, I will explain how these spin-dependent momentum kicks can be used in the future to create an ultrafast entangling gate, and will present experimentally realizable pulse sequences. Such a gate would create a maximally entangled state of two ions in a time faster than the period of motion in the trap.

  13. Transverse Single-Spin Asymmetries: Challenges and Recent Progress

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Metz, Andreas; Pitonyak, Daniel; Schäfer, Andreas; Schlegel, Marc; Vogelsang, Werner; Zhou, Jian

    2015-09-01

    Transverse single-spin asymmetries are among the most intriguing observables in hadronic physics. Though such asymmetries were already measured for the first time about four decades ago, their origin is still under debate. Here we consider transverse single-spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive lepton-nucleon scattering, in nucleon-nucleon scattering, and in inclusive lepton-nucleon scattering. It is argued that, according to recent work, the single-spin asymmetries for those three processes may be simultaneously described in perturbative QCD, where the re-scattering of the active partons plays a crucial role. A comparison of single-spin asymmetries in different reactions can also shed light on the universality of transverse momentum dependent parton correlation functions. In particular, we discuss what existing data may tell us about the predicted process dependence of the Sivers function.

  14. Transverse single-spin asymmetries: Challenges and recent progress

    SciTech Connect

    Metz, Andreas; Pitonyak, Daniel; Schafer, Andreas; Schlegel, Marc; Vogelsang, Werner; Zhou, Jian

    2014-11-25

    In this study, transverse single-spin asymmetries are among the most intriguing observables in hadronic physics. Though such asymmetries were already measured for the first time about four decades ago, their origin is still under debate. Here we consider transverse single-spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive lepton–nucleon scattering, in nucleon–nucleon scattering, and in inclusive lepton–nucleon scattering. It is argued that, according to recent work, the single-spin asymmetries for those three processes may be simultaneously described in perturbative QCD, where the re-scattering of the active partons plays a crucial role. A comparison of single-spin asymmetries in different reactions can also shed light on the universality of transverse momentum dependent parton correlation functions. In particular, we discuss what existing data may tell us about the predicted process dependence of the Sivers function.

  15. Transverse single-spin asymmetries: Challenges and recent progress

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Metz, Andreas; Pitonyak, Daniel; Schafer, Andreas; Schlegel, Marc; Vogelsang, Werner; Zhou, Jian

    2014-11-25

    In this study, transverse single-spin asymmetries are among the most intriguing observables in hadronic physics. Though such asymmetries were already measured for the first time about four decades ago, their origin is still under debate. Here we consider transverse single-spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive lepton–nucleon scattering, in nucleon–nucleon scattering, and in inclusive lepton–nucleon scattering. It is argued that, according to recent work, the single-spin asymmetries for those three processes may be simultaneously described in perturbative QCD, where the re-scattering of the active partons plays a crucial role. A comparison of single-spin asymmetries in different reactions can also shed light on themore »universality of transverse momentum dependent parton correlation functions. In particular, we discuss what existing data may tell us about the predicted process dependence of the Sivers function.« less

  16. Coherent single-spin source based on topological insulators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xing, Yanxia; Yang, Zhong-Liu; Sun, Qing-Feng; Wang, Jian

    2015-03-01

    We report on the injection of quantized pure spin current into quantum conductors. In particular, we propose an on-demand single-spin source generated by periodically varying the gate voltages of two quantum dots that are connected to a two-dimensional topological insulator via tunneling barriers. Due to the nature of the helical states of the topological insulator, one or several spin pairs can be pumped out per cycle giving rise to a pure quantized alternating spin current. Depending on the phase difference between two gate voltages, this device can serve as an on-demand single-spin emitter or single-charge emitter. Again, due to the helicity of the topological insulator, the single-spin emitter or charge emitter is dissipationless and immune to disorder. The proposed single-spin emitter can be an important building block of future spintronic devices. We gratefully acknowledge the financial support from from NSF-China under Grant (Nos. 11174032 and 11374246), NBRP of China (2012CB921303), and a RGC Grant (HKU 705212P) from the Government of HKSAR.

  17. Spin sensing and magnetic design at the single atom level

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khajetoorians, Alexander

    2015-03-01

    Unraveling many of the current dilemmas in nanoscience hinges on the advancement of techniques which can probe the spin degrees of freedom with high spatial, energy, and ultimately high temporal resolution. With the development of sub-Kelvin high-magnetic field STM, two complementary methods, namely spin-polarized scanning tunneling spectroscopy (SP-STS) and inelastic STS (ISTS), can address single spins at the atomic scale with unprecedented precession. While SP-STS reads out the projection of the impurity magnetization, ISTS detects the excitations of this magnetization as a function of an external magnetic field. They are thus the analogs of magnetometry and spin resonance measurements pushed to the single atom limit. I have recently demonstrated that it is possible to reliably combine single atom magnetometry with an atom-by-atom bottom-up fabrication to realize complex atomic-scale magnets with tailored properties on metallic surfaces. I will discuss the current state of the art of this growing field as it pertains to single spin information storage, and how the functionality of coupled magnetic adatoms can be tailored on surfaces. Finally, I will present an outlook on future perspectives in the field of single atom magnetism and the promising application of single spin detection to broader scopes in nanoscience as a whole.

  18. Controllable spin entanglement production in a quantum spin Hall ring

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ström, Anders; Johannesson, Henrik; Recher, Patrik

    2015-06-01

    We study the entanglement production in a quantum spin Hall ring geometry where electrons of opposite spins are emitted in pairs from a source and collected in two different detectors. Postselection of coincidence detector events gives rise to entanglement in the system, measurable through correlations between the outcomes in the detectors. We have chosen a geometry such that the entanglement depends on the dynamical phases picked up by the edge states as they move around the ring. In turn, the dependence of the phases on gate potential and Rashba interaction allows for a precise electrical control of the entanglement production in the ring.

  19. Quark spin distribution and quark-antiquark annihilation in single-spin hadron-hadron collisions

    SciTech Connect

    Boros, C.; Zuo-tang, L.; Ta-chung, M. )

    1993-03-22

    We show that quark-antiquark annihilation processes in single-spin inclusive production experiments can yield useful information on hadron spin structure in general, and provide crucial tests for the existence of orbiting valence quarks in particular. There are several experimental indications and theoretical arguments for the existence of such orbital motion inside polarized protons or antiprotons. Simple relations between quark-spin distributions and left-right asymmetries in such production processes can be given, and quantitative predictions can be made.

  20. Optical Control of Donor Spin Qubits in Silicon

    E-print Network

    M. J. Gullans; J. M. Taylor

    2015-10-26

    We show how to achieve optical, spin-selective transitions from the ground state to excited orbital states of group-V donors (P, As, Sb, Bi) in silicon. We consider two approaches based on either resonant, far-infrared (IR) transitions of the neutral donor or resonant, near-IR excitonic transitions. For far-IR light, we calculate the dipole matrix elements between the valley-orbit and spin-orbit split states for all the goup-V donors using effective mass theory. We then calculate the maximum rate and amount of electron-nuclear spin-polarization achievable through optical pumping with circularly polarized light. We find this approach is most promising for Bi donors due to their large spin-orbit and valley-orbit interactions. Using near-IR light, spin-selective excitation is possible for all the donors by driving a two-photon $\\Lambda$-transition from the ground state to higher orbitals with even parity. We show that externally applied electric fields or strain allow similar, spin-selective $\\Lambda$-transition to odd-parity excited states. We anticipate these results will be useful for future spectroscopic investigations of donors, quantum control and state preparation of donor spin qubits, and for developing a coherent interface between donor spin qubits and single photons.

  1. Optical control of donor spin qubits in silicon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gullans, M. J.; Taylor, J. M.

    2015-11-01

    We show how to achieve optical, spin-selective transitions from the ground state to excited orbital states of group-V donors (P, As, Sb, and Bi) in silicon. We consider two approaches based on either resonant, far-infrared (IR) transitions of the neutral donor or resonant, near-IR excitonic transitions. For far-IR light, we calculate the dipole matrix elements between the valley-orbit and spin-orbit split states for all the group-V donors using effective mass theory. We then calculate the maximum rate and amount of electron-nuclear spin-polarization achievable through optical pumping with circularly polarized light. We find this approach is most promising for Bi donors due to their large spin-orbit and valley-orbit interactions. Using near-IR light, spin-selective excitation is possible for all the donors by driving a two-photon ? transition from the ground state to higher orbitals with even parity. We show that externally applied electric fields or strain allow similar, spin-selective ? transition to odd-parity excited states. We anticipate these results will be useful for future spectroscopic investigations of donors, quantum control and state preparation of donor spin qubits, and for developing a coherent interface between donor spin qubits and single photons.

  2. Quantum Entanglement and Spin Control in Silicon Nanocrystal

    PubMed Central

    Berec, Vesna

    2012-01-01

    Selective coherence control and electrically mediated exchange coupling of single electron spin between triplet and singlet states using numerically derived optimal control of proton pulses is demonstrated. We obtained spatial confinement below size of the Bohr radius for proton spin chain FWHM. Precise manipulation of individual spins and polarization of electron spin states are analyzed via proton induced emission and controlled population of energy shells in pure 29Si nanocrystal. Entangled quantum states of channeled proton trajectories are mapped in transverse and angular phase space of 29Si axial channel alignment in order to avoid transversal excitations. Proton density and proton energy as impact parameter functions are characterized in single particle density matrix via discretization of diagonal and nearest off-diagonal elements. We combined high field and low densities (1 MeV/92 nm) to create inseparable quantum state by superimposing the hyperpolarizationed proton spin chain with electron spin of 29Si. Quantum discretization of density of states (DOS) was performed by the Monte Carlo simulation method using numerical solutions of proton equations of motion. Distribution of gaussian coherent states is obtained by continuous modulation of individual spin phase and amplitude. Obtained results allow precise engineering and faithful mapping of spin states. This would provide the effective quantum key distribution (QKD) and transmission of quantum information over remote distances between quantum memory centers for scalable quantum communication network. Furthermore, obtained results give insights in application of channeled protons subatomic microscopy as a complete versatile scanning-probe system capable of both quantum engineering of charged particle states and characterization of quantum states below diffraction limit linear and in-depth resolution. PACS numbers: 03.65.Ud, 03.67.Bg, 61.85.+p, 67.30.hj PMID:23028884

  3. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy with single spin sensitivity

    PubMed Central

    Müller, C.; Kong, X.; Cai, J.-M.; Melentijevi?, K.; Stacey, A.; Markham, M.; Twitchen, D.; Isoya, J.; Pezzagna, S.; Meijer, J.; Du, J. F.; Plenio, M. B.; Naydenov, B.; McGuinness, L. P.; Jelezko, F.

    2014-01-01

    Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and magnetic resonance imaging at the ultimate sensitivity limit of single molecules or single nuclear spins requires fundamentally new detection strategies. The strong coupling regime, when interaction between sensor and sample spins dominates all other interactions, is one such strategy. In this regime, classically forbidden detection of completely unpolarized nuclei is allowed, going beyond statistical fluctuations in magnetization. Here we realize strong coupling between an atomic (nitrogen–vacancy) sensor and sample nuclei to perform nuclear magnetic resonance on four 29Si spins. We exploit the field gradient created by the diamond atomic sensor, in concert with compressed sensing, to realize imaging protocols, enabling individual nuclei to be located with Angstrom precision. The achieved signal-to-noise ratio under ambient conditions allows single nuclear spin sensitivity to be achieved within seconds. PMID:25146503

  4. Nanometer-scale probing of spin waves using single electron spins

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van der Sar, Toeno; Casola, Francesco; Walsworth, Ronald; Yacoby, Amir

    2015-05-01

    We have developed a new approach to exploring magnetic excitations in correlated-electron systems, based on single electronic spins in atom-like defects diamond known as nitrogen-vacancy (NV) color centers. We demonstrate the power of this approach by detecting spin-wave excitations in a ferromagnetic microdisc with nanoscale spatial sensitivity over a broad range of frequencies and magnetic fields. We show how spin-wave resonances can be exploited for on-chip amplification of microwave magnetic fields, allowing strongly increased spin manipulation rates and single-spin magnetometry with enhanced sensitivity. Finally, we show the possibility to detect the magnetic spin noise produced by a thin (~ 30 nm) layer of a patterned ferromagnet. For the interpretation of our results, we develop a general framework describing single-spin stray field detection in terms of a filter function sensitive mostly to spin fluctuations with wavevector ~ 1 / d , where d is the NV-ferromagnet distance. Our results pave the way towards quantitative and non-perturbative detection of spectral properties in nanomagnets, establishing NV center magnetometry as an emergent probe of collective spin dynamics in condensed matter.

  5. Electrical Readout of Individual Nuclear Spin Trajectories in a Single-Molecule Magnet Spin Transistor

    E-print Network

    Transistor S. Thiele,1 R. Vincent,1 M. Holzmann,2 S. Klyatskaya,3 M. Ruben,3,4 F. Balestro,1 and W nuclear spin. The device, a TbPc2 single-molecule magnet spin transistor, detects the four different suggests that the relaxation times are limited by the current tunneling through the transistor, which opens

  6. Controlling a Singlet-Triplet Spin Qubit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petta, Jason

    2006-03-01

    An attractive candidate for a solid-state quantum bit is based on semiconductor quantum dots, which allow controlled coupling of one or more electrons, using rapidly switchable voltages applied to electrostatic gates [1]. Due to tight confinement and the high degree of isolation from the environment, spin relaxation times in quantum dots can approach millisecond timescales [2]. In this talk I will describe how fast electrical control of the exchange interaction can be used to coherently manipulate two-electron spin states [3]. By separating a spin singlet state on-chip, we measure an ensemble averaged spin dephasing time T2^* of 10 ns, limited by the contact hyperfine interaction with the GaAs host nuclei. We develop quantum control techniques based on the exchange interaction to correct for hyperfine dephasing. Coherent spin state rotations are achieved, including spin SWAP. By using a spin-echo pulse sequence based on the exchange interaction we extend the spin coherence time, T2 beyond 1.2 microseconds. The quantum control techniques demonstrated here are general and may be used to manipulate singlet-triplet spin qubits in carbon nanotubes, electrons on helium, and semiconducting nanowires. In collaboration with A. C. Johnson, J. M. Taylor, E. A. Laird, A. Yacoby, M. D. Lukin, C. M. Marcus, M. P. Hanson, A. C. Gossard. [1] J. R. Petta, A. C. Johnson, A. Yacoby, C. M. Marcus, A. C. Gossard, M. P. Hanson, Phys. Rev. B 72, R161301 (2005). [2] A. C. Johnson, J. R. Petta, J. M. Taylor, A. Yacoby, M. D. Lukin, C. M. Marcus, M. P. Hanson, A. C. Gossard, Nature 435, 925 (2005). [3] J. R. Petta, A. C. Johnson, J. M. Taylor, E. A. Laird, A. Yacoby, M. D. Lukin, C. M. Marcus, M. P. Hanson, A. C. Gossard, Science 309, 2180 (2005).

  7. Coherent properties of single rare-earth spin qubits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Siyushev, P.; Xia, K.; Reuter, R.; Jamali, M.; Zhao, N.; Yang, N.; Duan, C.; Kukharchyk, N.; Wieck, A. D.; Kolesov, R.; Wrachtrup, J.

    2014-05-01

    Rare-earth-doped crystals are excellent hardware for quantum storage of photons. Additional functionality of these materials is added by their waveguiding properties allowing for on-chip photonic networks. However, detection and coherent properties of rare-earth single-spin qubits have not been demonstrated so far. Here we present experimental results on high-fidelity optical initialization, effcient coherent manipulation and optical readout of a single-electron spin of Ce3+ ion in a yttrium aluminium garnet crystal. Under dynamic decoupling, spin coherence lifetime reaches T2=2?ms and is almost limited by the measured spin-lattice relaxation time T1=4.5?ms. Strong hyperfine coupling to aluminium nuclear spins suggests that cerium electron spins can be exploited as an interface between photons and long-lived nuclear spin memory. Combined with high brightness of Ce3+ emission and a possibility of creating photonic circuits out of the host material, this makes cerium spins an interesting option for integrated quantum photonics.

  8. High-fidelity spin entanglement using optimal control

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dolde, Florian; Bergholm, Ville; Wang, Ya; Jakobi, Ingmar; Naydenov, Boris; Pezzagna, Sébastien; Meijer, Jan; Jelezko, Fedor; Neumann, Philipp; Schulte-Herbrüggen, Thomas; Biamonte, Jacob; Wrachtrup, Jörg

    2014-02-01

    Precise control of quantum systems is of fundamental importance in quantum information processing, quantum metrology and high-resolution spectroscopy. When scaling up quantum registers, several challenges arise: individual addressing of qubits while suppressing cross-talk, entangling distant nodes and decoupling unwanted interactions. Here we experimentally demonstrate optimal control of a prototype spin qubit system consisting of two proximal nitrogen-vacancy centres in diamond. Using engineered microwave pulses, we demonstrate single electron spin operations with a fidelity F?0.99. With additional dynamical decoupling techniques, we further realize high-quality, on-demand entangled states between two electron spins with F>0.82, mostly limited by the coherence time and imperfect initialization. Crosstalk in a crowded spectrum and unwanted dipolar couplings are simultaneously eliminated to a high extent. Finally, by high-fidelity entanglement swapping to nuclear spin quantum memory, we demonstrate nuclear spin entanglement over a length scale of 25?nm. This experiment underlines the importance of optimal control for scalable room temperature spin-based quantum information devices.

  9. Electric control of the spin Hall effect by intervalley transitions.

    PubMed

    Okamoto, N; Kurebayashi, H; Trypiniotis, T; Farrer, I; Ritchie, D A; Saitoh, E; Sinova, J; Mašek, J; Jungwirth, T; Barnes, C H W

    2014-10-01

    Controlling spin-related material properties by electronic means is a key step towards future spintronic technologies. The spin Hall effect (SHE) has become increasingly important for generating, detecting and using spin currents, but its strength--quantified in terms of the SHE angle--is ultimately fixed by the magnitude of the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) present for any given material system. However, if the electrons generating the SHE can be controlled by populating different areas (valleys) of the electronic structure with different SOC characteristic the SHE angle can be tuned directly within a single sample. Here we report the manipulation of the SHE in bulk GaAs at room temperature by means of an electrical intervalley transition induced in the conduction band. The spin Hall angle was determined by measuring an electromotive force driven by photoexcited spin-polarized electrons drifting through GaAs Hall bars. By controlling electron populations in different (? and L) valleys, we manipulated the angle from 0.0005 to 0.02. This change by a factor of 40 is unprecedented in GaAs and the highest value achieved is comparable to that of the heavy metal Pt. PMID:25108612

  10. Nanoscale magnetometry using a single spin system in diamond

    E-print Network

    R. S. Said; D. W. Berry; J. Twamley

    2011-03-24

    We propose a protocol to estimate magnetic fields using a single nitrogen-vacancy (N-V) center in diamond, where the estimate precision scales inversely with time, ~1/T$, rather than the square-root of time. The method is based on converting the task of magnetometry into phase estimation, performing quantum phase estimation on a single N-V nuclear spin using either adaptive or nonadaptive feedback control, and the recently demonstrated capability to perform single-shot readout within the N-V [P. Neumann et. al., Science 329, 542 (2010)]. We present numerical simulations to show that our method provides an estimate whose precision scales close to ~1/T (T is the total estimation time), and moreover will give an unambiguous estimate of the static magnetic field experienced by the N-V. By combining this protocol with recent proposals for scanning magnetometry using an N-V, our protocol will provide a significant decrease in signal acquisition time while providing an unambiguous spatial map of the magnetic field.

  11. Spin reorientation transition in dysprosium-samarium orthoferrite single crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Weiyao; Cao, Shixun; Huang, Ruoxiang; Cao, Yiming; Xu, Kai; Kang, Baojuan; Zhang, Jincang; Ren, Wei

    2015-03-01

    We report the control of spin reorientation (SR) transition in perovskite D y1 -xS mxFe O3 , a whole family of single crystals grown by an optical floating zone method from x =0 to 1 with an interval of 0.1. Powder x-ray diffractions and Rietveld refinements indicate that lattice parameters a and c increase linearly with Sm doping concentration, whereas b keeps a constant. Temperature dependence of the magnetizations under zero-field-cooling (ZFC) and field-cooling (FC) processes are studied in detail. We have found a remarkable linear change of SR transition temperature in Sm-rich samples for x >0.2 , which covers an extremely wide temperature range including room temperature. The a -axis magnetization curves under the FC during cooling (FCC) process bifurcate from and then jump back to that of the ZFC and FC warming process in single crystals when x =0.5 -0.9 , suggesting complicated 4 f -3 d electron interactions among D y3 + -S m3 +,D y3 + -F e3 + , and S m3 + -F e3 + sublattices of diverse magnetic configurations. The magnetic properties from the doping effect on SR transition temperature in these single crystals might be useful in the material physics and device design applications.

  12. Charge noise, spin-orbit coupling, and dephasing of single-spin qubits

    SciTech Connect

    Bermeister, Adam; Keith, Daniel; Culcer, Dimitrie

    2014-11-10

    Quantum dot quantum computing architectures rely on systems in which inversion symmetry is broken, and spin-orbit coupling is present, causing even single-spin qubits to be susceptible to charge noise. We derive an effective Hamiltonian for the combined action of noise and spin-orbit coupling on a single-spin qubit, identify the mechanisms behind dephasing, and estimate the free induction decay dephasing times T{sub 2}{sup *} for common materials such as Si and GaAs. Dephasing is driven by noise matrix elements that cause relative fluctuations between orbital levels, which are dominated by screened whole charge defects and unscreened dipole defects in the substrate. Dephasing times T{sub 2}{sup *} differ markedly between materials and can be enhanced by increasing gate fields, choosing materials with weak spin-orbit, making dots narrower, or using accumulation dots.

  13. Efficient readout of a single spin state in diamond via spin-to-charge conversion.

    PubMed

    Shields, B J; Unterreithmeier, Q P; de Leon, N P; Park, H; Lukin, M D

    2015-04-01

    Efficient readout of individual electronic spins associated with atomlike impurities in the solid state is essential for applications in quantum information processing and quantum metrology. We demonstrate a new method for efficient spin readout of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond. The method is based on conversion of the electronic spin state of the NV to a charge-state distribution, followed by single-shot readout of the charge state. Conversion is achieved through a spin-dependent photoionization process in diamond at room temperature. Using NVs in nanofabricated diamond beams, we demonstrate that the resulting spin readout noise is within a factor of 3 of the spin projection noise level. Applications of this technique for nanoscale magnetic sensing are discussed. PMID:25884129

  14. Cavity Control in a Single-Electron Quantum Cyclotron

    E-print Network

    Hanneke, David

    Cavity Control in a Single-Electron Quantum Cyclotron An Improved Measurement of the Electron ­ Colloquium The Quantum Cyclotron · Single electron · Resolve lowest cyclotron and spin states via QND? Frequency! B #12;Hanneke MPPL 2010 ­ Colloquium Experimenter's g · The cyclotron is an anharmonic oscillator

  15. Introduction Theory of nonequilibrium dynamics Single spin dynamics Conclusion Introduction Theory of nonequilibrium dynamics Single spin dynamics Conclusion

    E-print Network

    Anders, Frithjof

    Nonequilibrium: two conditions: ^0 and Hf ^(t) = e-iHf t ^0eiHf t Calculation of the trace using an energy of an observable ^O (t) = Tr ^O ^(t) Equilibrium: single condition ^(t) = ^0 = exp(-Hf )/Z Nonequilibrium: twoIntroduction Theory of nonequilibrium dynamics Single spin dynamics Conclusion #12;Introduction

  16. Observation of spin flips with a single trapped proton.

    PubMed

    Ulmer, S; Rodegheri, C C; Blaum, K; Kracke, H; Mooser, A; Quint, W; Walz, J

    2011-06-24

    Radio-frequency induced spin transitions of one individual proton are observed. The spin quantum jumps are detected via the continuous Stern-Gerlach effect, which is used in an experiment with a single proton stored in a cryogenic Penning trap. This is an important milestone towards a direct high-precision measurement of the magnetic moment of the proton and a new test of the matter-antimatter symmetry in the baryon sector. PMID:21770638

  17. Attitude control of a spinning rocket via thrust vectoring

    SciTech Connect

    White, J.E.

    1990-12-19

    Two controllers are developed to provide attitude control of a spinning rocket that has a thrust vectoring capability. The first controller has a single-input/single-output design that ignores the gyroscopic coupling between the control channels. The second controller has a multi-input/multi-output structure that is specifically intended to account for the gyroscopic coupling effects. A performance comparison between the two approached is conducted for a range of roll rates. Each controller is tested for the ability to track step commands, and for the amount of coupling impurity. Both controllers are developed via a linear-quadratic-regulator synthesis procedure, which is motivated by the multi-input/multi-output nature of second controller. Time responses and a singular value analysis are used to evaluate controller performance. This paper describes the development and comparison of two controllers that are designed to provide attitude control of a spinning rocket that is equipped with thrust vector control. 12 refs., 13 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. K-band single-chip electron spin resonance detector.

    PubMed

    Anders, Jens; Angerhofer, Alexander; Boero, Giovanni

    2012-04-01

    We report on the design, fabrication, and characterization of an integrated detector for electron spin resonance spectroscopy operating at 27 GHz. The microsystem, consisting of an LC-oscillator and a frequency division module, is integrated onto a single silicon chip using a conventional complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor technology. The achieved room temperature spin sensitivity is about 10(8)spins/G Hz(1/2), with a sensitive volume of about (100 ?m)(3). Operation at 77K is also demonstrated. PMID:22405529

  19. Spin-transfer torque in a single ferromagnet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ji, Yi

    2004-03-01

    A spin polarized current, with sufficiently high current density, is able to switch a magnet or induce magnetization precession. This is the consequence of the ¡°spin-transfer torque¡+/- that originates from spin angular momentum transfer between conduction electrons and the magnetization. Previously most theories and experiments explore F/N/F trilayer and F/N multilayer structures, where F denotes a ferromagnet and N denotes a nonmagnetic metal. These structures have been generally presumed indispensable, since non-collinear magnetizations between a polarizing layer and a free layer are required to generate spin torques, and the GMR effect is essential in detecting magnetization variations. In this work, spin-transfer torque effects in a single ferromagnetic layer are demonstrated, using current injection through a point-contact at 4.2 K. Firstly, differential resistance peaks, generally regarded as signatures of spin-wave excitations, are observed in a single ferromagnetic layer in high magnetic fields [1]. The current values corresponding to the peak positions linearly depend on the external field in the range of 2 to 9 Tesla. Secondly, hysteretic current-induced switching is observed in a single ferromagnet in low magnetic fields. Both experiments can be interpreted by a simple model based on heterogeneous current distribution and domain wall scattering. Systematic variations between low field and high field regions have been investigated and the implications will be discussed. [1] Y. Ji, C. L. Chien and M. D. Stiles, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 106601 (2003)

  20. High spin rate magnetic controller for nanosatellites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Slavinskis, A.; Kvell, U.; Kulu, E.; Sünter, I.; Kuuste, H.; Lätt, S.; Voormansik, K.; Noorma, M.

    2014-02-01

    This paper presents a study of a high rate closed-loop spin controller that uses only electromagnetic coils as actuators. The controller is able to perform spin rate control and simultaneously align the spin axis with the Earth's inertial reference frame. It is implemented, optimised and simulated for a 1-unit CubeSat ESTCube-1 to fulfil its mission requirements: spin the satellite up to 360 deg s-1 around the z-axis and align its spin axis with the Earth's polar axis with a pointing error of less than 3°. The attitude of the satellite is determined using a magnetic field vector, a Sun vector and angular velocity. It is estimated using an Unscented Kalman Filter and controlled using three electromagnetic coils. The algorithm is tested in a simulation environment that includes models of space environment and environmental disturbances, sensor and actuator emulation, attitude estimation, and a model to simulate the time delay caused by on-board calculations. In addition to the normal operation mode, analyses of reduced satellite functionality are performed: significant errors of attitude estimation due to non-operational Sun sensors; and limited actuator functionality due to two non-operational coils. A hardware-in-the-loop test is also performed to verify on-board software.

  1. Excited-state spectroscopy using single-spin manipulation in diamond

    E-print Network

    G. D. Fuchs; V. V. Dobrovitski; R. Hanson; A. Batra; C. D. Weis; T. Schenkel; D. D. Awschalom

    2008-06-11

    We use single-spin resonant spectroscopy to study the spin structure in the orbital excited-state of a diamond nitrogen-vacancy center at room temperature. We find that the excited state spin levels have a zero-field splitting that is approximately half of the value of the ground state levels, a g-factor similar to the ground state value, and a hyperfine splitting ~20x larger than in the ground state. In addition, the width of the resonances reflects the electronic lifetime in the excited state. We also show that the spin-splitting can significantly differ between NV centers, likely due to the effects of local strain, which provides a pathway to control over the spin Hamiltonian and may be useful for quantum information processing.

  2. Local quantum control of Heisenberg spin chains

    SciTech Connect

    Heule, Rahel; Bruder, C.; Stojanovic, Vladimir M.; Burgarth, Daniel

    2010-11-15

    Motivated by some recent results of quantum control theory, we discuss the feasibility of local operator control in arrays of interacting qubits modeled as isotropic Heisenberg spin chains. Acting on one of the end spins, we aim at finding piecewise-constant control pulses that lead to optimal fidelities for a chosen set of quantum gates. We analyze the robustness of the obtained results for the gate fidelities to random errors in the control fields, finding that with faster switching between piecewise-constant controls the system is less susceptible to these errors. The observed behavior falls into a generic class of physical phenomena that are related to a competition between resonance- and relaxation-type behavior, exemplified by motional narrowing in NMR experiments. Finally, we discuss how the obtained optimal gate fidelities are altered when the corresponding rapidly varying piecewise-constant control fields are smoothened through spectral filtering.

  3. Local quantum control of Heisenberg spin chains

    E-print Network

    Heule, Rahel; Burgarth, Daniel; Stojanovic, Vladimir M

    2010-01-01

    Motivated by some recent results of quantum control theory, we discuss the feasibility of local operator control in arrays of interacting qubits modeled as isotropic Heisenberg spin chains. Acting on one of the end spins, we aim at finding piecewise-constant control pulses that lead to optimal fidelities for a chosen set of quantum gates. We analyze the robustness of the obtained results f or the gate fidelities to random errors in the control fields, finding that with faster switching between piecewise-constant controls the system is less susceptible to these errors. The observed behavior falls into a generic class of physical phenomena that are related to a competition between resonance- and relaxation-type behavior, exemplified by motional narrowing in NMR experiments. Finally, we discuss how the obtained optimal gate fidelities are altered when the corresponding rapidly-varying piecewise-constant control fields are smoothened through spectral filtering.

  4. Local quantum control of Heisenberg spin chains

    E-print Network

    Rahel Heule; C. Bruder; Daniel Burgarth; Vladimir M. Stojanovic

    2010-11-29

    Motivated by some recent results of quantum control theory, we discuss the feasibility of local operator control in arrays of interacting qubits modeled as isotropic Heisenberg spin chains. Acting on one of the end spins, we aim at finding piecewise-constant control pulses that lead to optimal fidelities for a chosen set of quantum gates. We analyze the robustness of the obtained results f or the gate fidelities to random errors in the control fields, finding that with faster switching between piecewise-constant controls the system is less susceptible to these errors. The observed behavior falls into a generic class of physical phenomena that are related to a competition between resonance- and relaxation-type behavior, exemplified by motional narrowing in NMR experiments. Finally, we discuss how the obtained optimal gate fidelities are altered when the corresponding rapidly-varying piecewise-constant control fields are smoothened through spectral filtering.

  5. Single-Spin Asymmetries and Transversity in QCD

    SciTech Connect

    Brodsky, S.J.; /SLAC

    2005-12-14

    Initial- and final-state interactions from gluon exchange, normally neglected in the parton model, have a profound effect in QCD hard-scattering reactions, leading to leading-twist single-spin asymmetries, diffractive deep inelastic scattering, diffractive hard hadronic reactions, as well as nuclear shadowing and antishadowing-leading-twist physics not incorporated in the light-front wavefunctions of the target computed in isolation. The physics of such processes thus require the understanding of QCD at the amplitude level; in particular, the physics of spin requires an understanding of the phase structure of final-state and initial-state interactions, as well as the structure of the basic wavefunctions of hadrons themselves. I also discuss transversity in exclusive channels, including how one can use single-spin asymmetries to determine the relative phases of the timelike baryon form factors, as well as the anomalous physics of the normal-normal spin-spin correlation observed in large-angle proton-proton elastic scattering. As an illustration of the utility of light-front wavefunctions, the transversity distribution of a single electron is computed, as defined from its two-particle QED quantum fluctuations.

  6. Ultrafast control of spin and motion in trapped ions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mizrahi, Jonathan Albert

    Trapped atomic ions are a promising medium for quantum computing, due to their long coherence times and potential for scalability. Current methods of entangling ions rely on addressing individual modes of motion within the trap and applying qubit state dependent forces with external fields. This approach can limit the speed of entangling gates and make them vulnerable to decoherence due to coupling to unwanted modes or ion heating. This thesis is directed towards demonstrating novel entanglement schemes which are not limited by the trap frequency, and can be made almost arbitrarily fast. Towards this goal, I report here on the first experiments using ultrafast laser pulses to control the internal and external states of a single trapped ion. I begin with experiments in ultrafast spin control, showing how a single laser pulse can be used to completely control both spin degrees of freedom of the ion qubit in tens of picoseconds. I also show how a train of weak pulses can be used to drive Raman transitions based on a frequency comb. I then discuss experiments using pulses to rapidly entangle the spin with the motion, and how careful spectral redistribution allows a single pulse to execute a spin-dependent momentum kick. Finally, I explain how these spin-dependent momentum kicks can be used in the future to create an ultrafast entangling gate. I go over how such a gate would work, and present experimentally realizable timing sequences which would create a maximally entangled state of two ions in a time faster than the period of motion in the trap.

  7. Two-dimensional nanoscale imaging of gadolinium spins via scanning probe relaxometry with a single spin in diamond

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pelliccione, Matthew; Myers, Bryan; Pascal, Laetitia; Das, Anand; Jayich, Ania

    2015-03-01

    Spin-labeling of molecules with paramagnetic ions is an important approach for determining molecular structure, however current ensemble techniques lack the sensitivity to detect few isolated spins. In this talk, we demonstrate two-dimensional nanoscale imaging of paramagnetic gadolinium compounds using scanning relaxometry of a single nitrogen vacancy (NV) center in diamond. Gadopentetate dimeglumine attached to an atomic force microscope tip is controllably interacted with and detected by the NV center, by virtue of the fact that the NV exhibits fast relaxation in the fluctuating magnetic field generated by electron spin flips in the gadolinium. We demonstrate a reduction in the T1 relaxation time of the NV center by over two orders of magnitude, probed with a spatial resolution of 20 nm, limited by thermal drift in ambient conditions. We discuss the importance of mitigating drift to reach truly nanoscale imaging and present progress towards cryogenic scanning magnetometry, along with utilizing chemically functionalized tips to gain greater control over the Gd distribution on the tip. Our result exhibits the viability of the technique for imaging individual spins attached to complex nanostructures or biomolecules, along with studying the magnetic dynamics of isolated spins.

  8. Using nanoscale transistors to measure single donor spins in semiconductors

    SciTech Connect

    Sarovar, M.; Young, K. C.; Whaley, K. B.; Schenkel, Thomas

    2008-12-01

    We propose a technique for measuring the state of a single donor electron spin usinga field-effect transistor induced two-dimensional electron gas and electrically detected magnetic resonance techniques. The scheme is faciltated by hyperfine coupling to the donor nucleus. We analyze the potential sensitivity and outlne experimental reqiurements. Our measurement provides a single-shot, projective, and quantum non-demoltion measurement of an electron-encoded qubit state.

  9. Nanometre-scale probing of spin waves using single-electron spins

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van der Sar, Toeno; Casola, Francesco; Walsworth, Ronald; Yacoby, Amir

    2015-08-01

    Pushing the frontiers of condensed-matter magnetism requires the development of tools that provide real-space, few-nanometre-scale probing of correlated-electron magnetic excitations under ambient conditions. Here we present a practical approach to meet this challenge, using magnetometry based on single nitrogen-vacancy centres in diamond. We focus on spin-wave excitations in a ferromagnetic microdisc, and demonstrate local, quantitative and phase-sensitive detection of the spin-wave magnetic field at ~50 nm from the disc. We map the magnetic-field dependence of spin-wave excitations by detecting the associated local reduction in the disc's longitudinal magnetization. In addition, we characterize the spin-noise spectrum by nitrogen-vacancy spin relaxometry, finding excellent agreement with a general analytical description of the stray fields produced by spin-spin correlations in a 2D magnetic system. These complementary measurement modalities pave the way towards imaging the local excitations of systems such as ferromagnets and antiferromagnets, skyrmions, atomically assembled quantum magnets, and spin ice.

  10. Entangled Absorption of a Single Photon with a Single Spin in Diamond

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kosaka, Hideo; Niikura, Naeko

    2015-02-01

    Quantum entanglement, a key resource for quantum information science, is inherent in a solid. It has been recently shown that entanglement between a single optical photon and a single spin qubit in a solid is generated via spontaneous emission. However, entanglement generation by measurement is rather essential for quantum operations. We here show that the physics behind the entangled emission can be time reversed to demonstrate entangled absorption mediated by an inherent spin-orbit entanglement in a single nitrogen vacancy center in diamond. Optical arbitrary spin state preparation and complete spin state tomography reveal the fidelity of the entangled absorption to be 95%. With the entangled emission and absorption of a photon, materials can be spontaneously entangled or swap their quantum state based on the quantum teleportation scheme.

  11. Entangled absorption of a single photon with a single spin in diamond.

    PubMed

    Kosaka, Hideo; Niikura, Naeko

    2015-02-01

    Quantum entanglement, a key resource for quantum information science, is inherent in a solid. It has been recently shown that entanglement between a single optical photon and a single spin qubit in a solid is generated via spontaneous emission. However, entanglement generation by measurement is rather essential for quantum operations. We here show that the physics behind the entangled emission can be time reversed to demonstrate entangled absorption mediated by an inherent spin-orbit entanglement in a single nitrogen vacancy center in diamond. Optical arbitrary spin state preparation and complete spin state tomography reveal the fidelity of the entangled absorption to be 95%. With the entangled emission and absorption of a photon, materials can be spontaneously entangled or swap their quantum state based on the quantum teleportation scheme. PMID:25699440

  12. Dynamic strain-mediated coupling of a single diamond spin to a mechanical resonator

    PubMed Central

    Ovartchaiyapong, Preeti; Lee, Kenneth W.; Myers, Bryan A.; Jayich, Ania C. Bleszynski

    2014-01-01

    The development of hybrid quantum systems is central to the advancement of emerging quantum technologies, including quantum information science and quantum-assisted sensing. The recent demonstration of high-quality single-crystal diamond resonators has led to significant interest in a hybrid system consisting of nitrogen–vacancy centre spins that interact with the resonant phonon modes of a macroscopic mechanical resonator through crystal strain. However, the nitrogen–vacancy spin–strain interaction has not been well characterized. Here, we demonstrate dynamic, strain-mediated coupling of the mechanical motion of a diamond cantilever to the spin of an embedded nitrogen–vacancy centre. Via quantum control of the spin, we quantitatively characterize the axial and transverse strain sensitivities of the nitrogen–vacancy ground-state spin. The nitrogen–vacancy centre is an atomic scale sensor and we demonstrate spin-based strain imaging with a strain sensitivity of 3 × 10?6 strain Hz?1/2. Finally, we show how this spin-resonator system could enable coherent spin–phonon interactions in the quantum regime. PMID:25034828

  13. Room temperature entanglement between distant single spins in diamond

    E-print Network

    Florian Dolde; Ingmar Jakobi; Boris Naydenov; Nan Zhao; Sebastien Pezzagna; Christina Trautmann; Jan Meijer; Philipp Neumann; Fedor Jelezko; Jörg Wrachtrup

    2012-12-12

    Entanglement is the central yet fleeting phenomena of quantum physics. Once being considered a peculiar counter-intuitive property of quantum theory it has developed into the most central element of quantum technology providing speed up to quantum computers, a path towards long distance quantum cryptography and increased sensitivity in quantum metrology. Consequently, there have been a number of experimental demonstration of entanglement between photons, atoms, ions as well as solid state systems like spins or quantum dots, superconducting circuits and macroscopic diamond. Here we experimentally demonstrate entanglement between two engineered single solid state spin quantum bits (qubits) at ambient conditions. Photon emission of defect pairs reveals ground state spin correlation. Entanglement (fidelity = 0.67 \\pm 0.04) is proven by quantum state tomography. Moreover, the lifetime of electron spin entanglement is extended to ms by entanglement swapping to nuclear spins, demonstrating nuclear spin entanglement over a length scale of 25 nm. The experiments mark an important step towards a scalable room temperature quantum device being of potential use in quantum information processing as well as metrology.

  14. Quantum control and squeezing of collective spin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hemmer, Daniel; Montano, Enrique; Jessen, Poul; Deutsch, Ivan

    2015-05-01

    Quantum control of many body atomic spins is often pursued in the context of an atom-light quantum interface, where a quantized light field can be used to entangle distant atoms. We are currently exploring new ways to improve the coherence and the amount of atom-light entanglement by optimizing the spatial geometry of the atomic ensemble and light fields, and through the control and optimization of the internal atomic state. Our basic setup consists of a quantized probe beam passing through an atom cloud held in a dipole trap, first generating spin-probe entanglement through the Faraday interaction, and then using backaction from a measurement of the probe polarization to squeeze the collective atomic spin. Using an optimized geometry and a 2-color probe scheme to suppress tensor light shifts we achieve 7 dB of spin noise reduction and 5 dB of metrological squeezing at the optimal measurement time. It is possible to further increase atom-light coupling by ``amplifying'' the initial projection noise per atom through a suitable internal state preparation. In principle we can use internal-state control to map this entanglement back to a basis where it corresponds to improved squeezing.

  15. Single-proton spin detection by diamond magnetometry.

    PubMed

    Loretz, M; Rosskopf, T; Boss, J M; Pezzagna, S; Meijer, J; Degen, C L

    2014-10-16

    Extending magnetic resonance imaging to the atomic scale has been a long-standing aspiration, driven by the prospect of directly mapping atomic positions in molecules with three-dimensional spatial resolution. We report detection of individual, isolated proton spins by a nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in a diamond chip covered by an inorganic salt. The single-proton identity was confirmed by the Zeeman effect and by a quantum coherent rotation of the weakly coupled nuclear spin. Using the hyperfine field of the NV center as an imaging gradient, we determined proton-NV distances of less than 1 nm. PMID:25323696

  16. Nuclear spin relaxation probed by a single quantum dot A. K. Huttel,1

    E-print Network

    Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München

    Nuclear spin relaxation probed by a single quantum dot A. K. Hu¨ttel,1 J. Weber,1 A. W. Holleitner February 2004 We present measurements on nuclear spin relaxation probed by a single quantum dot formed the electronic to the nuclear spin system. Applying electron spin resonance, the transfer mechanism is suppressed

  17. Single Spin State Detection for the Kane Model of Silicon-Based Quantum Computer

    E-print Network

    S. N. Molotkov; S. S. Nazin

    1999-06-28

    The scheme for measurement of the state of a single spin (or a few spin system) based on the single-electron turnstile and injection of spin polarized electrons from magnetic metal contacts is proposed. Applications to the recent proposal concerning the spin gates based on a silicon matrix (B.Kane, Nature, {\\bf 393}, 133 (1998)) are discussed.

  18. Coherent population trapping of a single nuclear spin under ambient conditions

    E-print Network

    P. Jamonneau; G. Hétet; A. Dréau; J. -F. Roch; V. Jacques

    2015-08-31

    Coherent control of quantum systems has far-reaching implications in quantum engineering. In this context, coherent population trapping (CPT) involving dark resonances has played a prominent role, leading to a wealth of major applications including laser cooling of atoms and molecules, optical magnetometry, light storage and highly precise atomic clocks. Extending CPT methods to individual solid-state quantum systems has been only achieved in cryogenic environments for electron spin impurities and superconducting circuits. Here, we demonstrate efficient CPT of a single nuclear spin in a room temperature solid. To this end, we make use of a three-level system with a $\\Lambda$-configuration in the microwave domain, which consists of nuclear spin states addressed through their hyperfine coupling to the electron spin of a single nitrogen-vacancy defect in diamond. Dark state pumping requires a relaxation mechanism which, in atomic systems, is simply provided by spontaneous emission. In this work, the relaxation process is externally controlled through incoherent optical pumping and separated in time from consecutive coherent microwave excitations of the nuclear spin $\\Lambda$-system. Such a pumping scheme with controlled relaxation allows us (i) to monitor the sequential accumulation of population into the dark state and (ii) to reach a new regime of CPT dynamics for which periodic arrays of dark resonances can be observed, owing to multiple constructive interferences. This work offers new prospects for quantum state preparation, information storage in hybrid quantum systems and metrology.

  19. Ultrafast Spin-Motion Entanglement and Interferometry with a Single Atom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mizrahi, J.; Senko, C.; Neyenhuis, B.; Johnson, K. G.; Campbell, W. C.; Conover, C. W. S.; Monroe, C.

    2013-05-01

    We report entanglement of a single atom’s hyperfine spin state with its motional state in a time scale of less than 3 ns. We engineer a short train of intense laser pulses to impart a spin-dependent momentum transfer of ±2?k. Using pairs of momentum kicks, we create an atomic interferometer and demonstrate collapse and revival of spin coherence as the motional wave packet is split and recombined. The revival after a pair of kicks occurs only when the second kick is delayed by an integer multiple of the harmonic trap period, a signature of entanglement and disentanglement of the spin with the motion. Such quantum control opens a new regime of ultrafast entanglement in atomic qubits.

  20. Ultrafast Spin-Motion Entanglement and Interferometry with a Single Atom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mizrahi, Jonathan; Neyenhuis, Brian; Johnson, Kale; Monroe, Chris

    2013-05-01

    We report entanglement of a single atom's hyperfine spin state with its motional state in a timescale of less than 3 ns. We engineer a short train of intense laser pulses to impart a spin-dependent momentum transfer of 2 ?k . We further create an atomic interferometer using pairs of momentum kicks and demonstrate collapse and revival of spin coherence as the motional wavepacket is split and recombined. The revival after a pair of kicks occurs only when the second kick is delayed by an integer multiple of the period of the harmonic trap, a signature of entanglement and disentanglement of the spin with the motion. Such quantum control may allow a new regime of ultrafast entanglement between atomic qubits.

  1. Single-chip detector for electron spin resonance spectroscopy.

    PubMed

    Yalcin, T; Boero, G

    2008-09-01

    We have realized an innovative integrated detector for electron spin resonance spectroscopy. The microsystem, consisting of an LC oscillator, a mixer, and a frequency division module, is integrated onto a single silicon chip using a conventional complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor technology. The implemented detection method is based on the measurement of the variation of the frequency of the integrated LC oscillator as a function of the applied static magnetic field, caused by the presence of a resonating sample placed over the inductor of the LC-tank circuit. The achieved room temperature spin sensitivity is about 10(10) spinsGHz(12) with a sensitive volume of about (100 microm)(3). PMID:19044436

  2. Fast electron spin resonance controlled manipulation of spin injection into quantum dots

    SciTech Connect

    Merz, Andreas Siller, Jan; Schittny, Robert; Krämmer, Christoph; Kalt, Heinz; Hetterich, Michael

    2014-06-23

    In our spin-injection light-emitting diodes, electrons are spin-polarized in a semimagnetic ZnMnSe spin aligner and then injected into InGaAs quantum dots. The resulting electron spin state can be read out by measuring the circular polarization state of the emitted light. Here, we resonantly excite the Mn 3d electron spin system with microwave pulses and perform time-resolved measurements of the spin dynamics. We find that we are able to control the spin polarization of the injected electrons on a microsecond timescale. This electron spin resonance induced spin control could be one of the ingredients required to utilize the quantum dot electrons or the Mn spins as qubits.

  3. Optimal control of spin stabilized spacecraft with telescoping appendages

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bainum, P. M.; Sellappan, R.

    1976-01-01

    The control of a spin-stabilized spacecraft consisting of a rigid central hub and one or two movable offset telescoping booms (with end masses) is considered. The equations of rotational motion are linearized about either of two desired final states. A control law for the boom and mass position is sought such that a quadratic cost functional involving the weighted components of angular velocity plus the control is minimized when the final time is unspecified and involves the solution of the matrix Riccati algebraic equation. For three-axis control more than one offset boom (orthogonal to each other) is required. For two-axis control with a single boom offset from a symmetrical hub, an analytic solution is obtained; when this system is used for nutation decay the time constant is one order of magnitude smaller than previously achieved using non-optimal control logic. For the general case results are obtained numerically.

  4. Optimal control of spin-stabilized spacecraft with telescoping appendages

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bainum, P. M.; Sellappan, R.

    1976-01-01

    The control of a spin-stabilized spacecraft consisting of a rigid central hub and one or two movable offset telescoping booms (with end masses) is considered. The equations of rotational motion are linearized about either of two desired final states. A control law for the boom end mass position is sought such that a quadratic cost functional involving the weighted components of angular velocity plus the control is minimized when the final time is unspecified and involves the solution of the matrix Riccati algebraic equation. For three axis control more than one offset boom (orthogonal to each other) is required. For two-axis control with a single boom offset from a symmetrical hub, an analytic solution is obtained; when this system is used for nutation decay the time constant is one order of magnitude smaller than previously achieved using nonoptimal control logic. For the general case results are obtained numerically.

  5. Probing Spin Accumulation induced Magnetocapacitance in a Single Electron Transistor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Teik-Hui; Chen, Chii-Dong

    2015-09-01

    The interplay between spin and charge in solids is currently among the most discussed topics in condensed matter physics. Such interplay gives rise to magneto-electric coupling, which in the case of solids was named magneto-electric effect, as predicted by Curie on the basis of symmetry considerations. This effect enables the manipulation of magnetization using electrical field or, conversely, the manipulation of electrical polarization by magnetic field. The latter is known as the magnetocapacitance effect. Here, we show that non-equilibrium spin accumulation can induce tunnel magnetocapacitance through the formation of a tiny charge dipole. This dipole can effectively give rise to an additional serial capacitance, which represents an extra charging energy that the tunneling electrons would encounter. In the sequential tunneling regime, this extra energy can be understood as the energy required for a single spin to flip. A ferromagnetic single-electron-transistor with tunable magnetic configuration is utilized to demonstrate the proposed mechanism. It is found that the extra threshold energy is experienced only by electrons entering the islands, bringing about asymmetry in the measured Coulomb diamond. This asymmetry is an unambiguous evidence of spin accumulation induced tunnel magnetocapacitance, and the measured magnetocapacitance value is as high as 40%.

  6. Probing Spin Accumulation induced Magnetocapacitance in a Single Electron Transistor.

    PubMed

    Lee, Teik-Hui; Chen, Chii-Dong

    2015-01-01

    The interplay between spin and charge in solids is currently among the most discussed topics in condensed matter physics. Such interplay gives rise to magneto-electric coupling, which in the case of solids was named magneto-electric effect, as predicted by Curie on the basis of symmetry considerations. This effect enables the manipulation of magnetization using electrical field or, conversely, the manipulation of electrical polarization by magnetic field. The latter is known as the magnetocapacitance effect. Here, we show that non-equilibrium spin accumulation can induce tunnel magnetocapacitance through the formation of a tiny charge dipole. This dipole can effectively give rise to an additional serial capacitance, which represents an extra charging energy that the tunneling electrons would encounter. In the sequential tunneling regime, this extra energy can be understood as the energy required for a single spin to flip. A ferromagnetic single-electron-transistor with tunable magnetic configuration is utilized to demonstrate the proposed mechanism. It is found that the extra threshold energy is experienced only by electrons entering the islands, bringing about asymmetry in the measured Coulomb diamond. This asymmetry is an unambiguous evidence of spin accumulation induced tunnel magnetocapacitance, and the measured magnetocapacitance value is as high as 40%. PMID:26348794

  7. Cryogenic single-chip electron spin resonance detector.

    PubMed

    Gualco, Gabriele; Anders, Jens; Sienkiewicz, Andrzej; Alberti, Stefano; Forró, László; Boero, Giovanni

    2014-10-01

    We report on the design and characterization of a single-chip electron spin resonance detector, operating at a frequency of about 20 GHz and in a temperature range extending at least from 300 K down to 4 K. The detector consists of an LC oscillator formed by a 200 ?m diameter single turn aluminum planar coil, a metal-oxide-metal capacitor, and two metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors used as negative resistance network. At 300 K, the oscillator has a frequency noise of 20 Hz/Hz(1/2) at 100 kHz offset from the 20 GHz carrier. At 4 K, the frequency noise is about 1 Hz/Hz(1/2) at 10 kHz offset. The spin sensitivity measured with a sample of DPPH is 10(8)spins/Hz(1/2) at 300 K and down to 10(6)spins/Hz(1/2) at 4 K. PMID:25261743

  8. Probing Spin Accumulation induced Magnetocapacitance in a Single Electron Transistor

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Teik-Hui; Chen, Chii-Dong

    2015-01-01

    The interplay between spin and charge in solids is currently among the most discussed topics in condensed matter physics. Such interplay gives rise to magneto-electric coupling, which in the case of solids was named magneto-electric effect, as predicted by Curie on the basis of symmetry considerations. This effect enables the manipulation of magnetization using electrical field or, conversely, the manipulation of electrical polarization by magnetic field. The latter is known as the magnetocapacitance effect. Here, we show that non-equilibrium spin accumulation can induce tunnel magnetocapacitance through the formation of a tiny charge dipole. This dipole can effectively give rise to an additional serial capacitance, which represents an extra charging energy that the tunneling electrons would encounter. In the sequential tunneling regime, this extra energy can be understood as the energy required for a single spin to flip. A ferromagnetic single-electron-transistor with tunable magnetic configuration is utilized to demonstrate the proposed mechanism. It is found that the extra threshold energy is experienced only by electrons entering the islands, bringing about asymmetry in the measured Coulomb diamond. This asymmetry is an unambiguous evidence of spin accumulation induced tunnel magnetocapacitance, and the measured magnetocapacitance value is as high as 40%. PMID:26348794

  9. Controllability of spin-boson systems

    E-print Network

    Ugo Boscain; Paolo Mason; Gianluca Panati; Mario Sigalotti

    2015-03-18

    In this paper we study the so-called spin-boson system, namely {a two-level system} in interaction with a distinguished mode of a quantized bosonic field. We give a brief description of the controlled Rabi and Jaynes--Cummings models and we discuss their appearance in the mathematics and physics literature. We then study the controllability of the Rabi model when the control is an external field acting on the bosonic part. Applying geometric control techniques to the Galerkin approximation and using perturbation theory to guarantee non-resonance of the spectrum of the drift operator, we prove approximate controllability of the system, for almost every value of the interaction parameter.

  10. Time-optimal Control of Spin Systems

    E-print Network

    Jan Swoboda

    2006-01-19

    The paper discusses various aspects of time-optimal control of quantum spin systems, modelled as right-invariant systems on a compact Lie group G. The main results are the reduction of such a system to an equivalent system on a homogeneous space G/H, and the explicit determination of optimal trajectories on G/H in the case where G/H is a Riemannian symmetric space. These results are mainly obtained by using methods from Lie theory and geometric control.

  11. Observation of a single spin by transferring its coherence to a high level macroscopic pure state

    SciTech Connect

    Kawamura, Minaru

    2014-12-04

    We discuss about quantum measurement of a single spin in a superconducting RF resonator, where amplification of coherence of the spin is enabled by transferring its coherence to the harmonic oscillator in an non-coherent state with high energy level. This quantum amplification allows that a single spin can induce macroscopic current to permits observation of a single spin state in the number and phase uncertainty relation.

  12. Quantifying the quantum gate fidelity of single-atom spin qubits in silicon by randomized benchmarking.

    PubMed

    Muhonen, J T; Laucht, A; Simmons, S; Dehollain, J P; Kalra, R; Hudson, F E; Freer, S; Itoh, K M; Jamieson, D N; McCallum, J C; Dzurak, A S; Morello, A

    2015-04-22

    Building upon the demonstration of coherent control and single-shot readout of the electron and nuclear spins of individual (31)P atoms in silicon, we present here a systematic experimental estimate of quantum gate fidelities using randomized benchmarking of 1-qubit gates in the Clifford group. We apply this analysis to the electron and the ionized (31)P nucleus of a single P donor in isotopically purified (28)Si. We find average gate fidelities of 99.95% for the electron and 99.99% for the nuclear spin. These values are above certain error correction thresholds and demonstrate the potential of donor-based quantum computing in silicon. By studying the influence of the shape and power of the control pulses, we find evidence that the present limitation to the gate fidelity is mostly related to the external hardware and not the intrinsic behaviour of the qubit. PMID:25783435

  13. Inverse spin-s portrait and representation of qudit states by single probability vectors

    E-print Network

    S. N. Filippov; V. I. Man'ko

    2010-03-03

    Using the tomographic probability representation of qudit states and the inverse spin-portrait method, we suggest a bijective map of the qudit density operator onto a single probability distribution. Within the framework of the approach proposed, any quantum spin-j state is associated with the (2j+1)(4j+1)-dimensional probability vector whose components are labeled by spin projections and points on the sphere. Such a vector has a clear physical meaning and can be relatively easily measured. Quantum states form a convex subset of the 2j(4j+3) simplex, with the boundary being illustrated for qubits (j=1/2) and qutrits (j=1). A relation to the (2j+1)^2- and (2j+1)(2j+2)-dimensional probability vectors is established in terms of spin-s portraits. We also address an auxiliary problem of the optimum reconstruction of qudit states, where the optimality implies a minimum relative error of the density matrix due to the errors in measured probabilities.

  14. Coherence and Control of Quantum Registers Based on Electronic Spin in a Nuclear Spin Bath

    E-print Network

    Hodges, Jonathan S.

    We consider a protocol for the control of few-qubit registers comprising one electronic spin embedded in a nuclear spin bath. We show how to isolate a few proximal nuclear spins from the rest of the bath and use them as ...

  15. Multi-dimensional single-spin nano-optomechanics with a levitated nanodiamond

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Neukirch, Levi P.; von Haartman, Eva; Rosenholm, Jessica M.; Nick Vamivakas, A.

    2015-10-01

    Considerable advances made in the development of nanomechanical and nano-optomechanical devices have enabled the observation of quantum effects, improved sensitivity to minute forces, and provided avenues to probe fundamental physics at the nanoscale. Concurrently, solid-state quantum emitters with optically accessible spin degrees of freedom have been pursued in applications ranging from quantum information science to nanoscale sensing. Here, we demonstrate a hybrid nano-optomechanical system composed of a nanodiamond (containing a single nitrogen-vacancy centre) that is levitated in an optical dipole trap. The mechanical state of the diamond is controlled by modulation of the optical trapping potential. We demonstrate the ability to imprint the multi-dimensional mechanical motion of the cavity-free mechanical oscillator into the nitrogen-vacancy centre fluorescence and manipulate the mechanical system's intrinsic spin. This result represents the first step towards a hybrid quantum system based on levitating nanoparticles that simultaneously engages optical, phononic and spin degrees of freedom.

  16. Spin amplification by controlled symmetry breaking for spin-based logic

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kawakami, Roland K.

    2015-09-01

    Spin amplification is one of the most critical challenges for spintronics and spin-based logic in order to achieve spintronic circuits with fan-out. We propose a new concept for spin amplification that will allow a small spin current in a non-magnetic spin channel to control the magnetization of an attached ferromagnet. The key step is to bring the ferromagnet into an unstable symmetric state (USS), so that a small spin transfer torque from a small spin current can provide a magnetic bias to control the spontaneous symmetry breaking and select the final magnetization direction of the ferromagnet. Two proposed methods for achieving the USS configuration are voltage-controlled Curie temperature (VC-TC) and voltage-controlled magnetic anisotropy (VC-MA). We believe the development of new 2D magnetic materials with greater tunability of VC-TC and VC-MA will be needed for practical applications. A successful realization of spin amplification by controlled symmetry breaking will be important for the implementation of existing spin-logic proposals (e.g. ‘all spin logic’) and could inspire alternative ideas for spintronic circuits and devices.

  17. All-Optical Preparation of Coherent Dark States of a Single Rare Earth Ion Spin in a Crystal.

    PubMed

    Xia, Kangwei; Kolesov, Roman; Wang, Ya; Siyushev, Petr; Reuter, Rolf; Kornher, Thomas; Kukharchyk, Nadezhda; Wieck, Andreas D; Villa, Bruno; Yang, Sen; Wrachtrup, Jörg

    2015-08-28

    All-optical addressing and coherent control of single solid-state based quantum bits is a key tool for fast and precise control of ground-state spin qubits. So far, all-optical addressing of qubits was demonstrated only in a very few systems, such as color centers and quantum dots. Here, we perform high-resolution spectroscopic of native and implanted single rare earth ions in solid, namely, a cerium ion in yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) crystal. We find narrow and spectrally stable optical transitions between the spin sublevels of the ground and excited optical states. Utilizing these transitions we demonstrate the generation of a coherent dark state in electron spin sublevels of a single Ce^{3+} ion in YAG by coherent population trapping. PMID:26371651

  18. All-Optical Preparation of Coherent Dark States of a Single Rare Earth Ion Spin in a Crystal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xia, Kangwei; Kolesov, Roman; Wang, Ya; Siyushev, Petr; Reuter, Rolf; Kornher, Thomas; Kukharchyk, Nadezhda; Wieck, Andreas D.; Villa, Bruno; Yang, Sen; Wrachtrup, Jörg

    2015-08-01

    All-optical addressing and coherent control of single solid-state based quantum bits is a key tool for fast and precise control of ground-state spin qubits. So far, all-optical addressing of qubits was demonstrated only in a very few systems, such as color centers and quantum dots. Here, we perform high-resolution spectroscopic of native and implanted single rare earth ions in solid, namely, a cerium ion in yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) crystal. We find narrow and spectrally stable optical transitions between the spin sublevels of the ground and excited optical states. Utilizing these transitions we demonstrate the generation of a coherent dark state in electron spin sublevels of a single Ce3 + ion in YAG by coherent population trapping.

  19. Observation of spin-charge conversion in chemical-vapor-deposition-grown single-layer graphene

    SciTech Connect

    Ohshima, Ryo; Sakai, Atsushi; Ando, Yuichiro; Shiraishi, Masashi; Shinjo, Teruya; Kawahara, Kenji; Ago, Hiroki

    2014-10-20

    Conversion of pure spin current to charge current in single-layer graphene (SLG) is investigated by using spin pumping. Large-area SLG grown by chemical vapor deposition is used for the conversion. Efficient spin accumulation in SLG by spin pumping enables observing an electromotive force produced by the inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE) of SLG. The spin Hall angle of SLG is estimated to be 6.1 × 10{sup ?7}. The observed ISHE in SLG is ascribed to its non-negligible spin-orbit interaction in SLG.

  20. Electrical Control of Strong Spin-Phonon Coupling in a Carbon Nanotube

    E-print Network

    Fang-Yu Hong; Jing-Li Fu; Yan Wu; Zhi-Yan Zhu

    2015-10-18

    We describe an approach to electrically control the strong interaction between a single electron spin and the vibrational motion of a suspended carbon nanotube resonator. The strength of the deflection-induced spin-phonon coupling is dependent on the wavefunction of the electron confined in a lateral carbon nanotube quantum dot. An electrical field along the nanotube shifts the effective center of the quantum dot, leading to the corresponding modification of the spin-phonon strength. Numerical simulations with experimentally reachable parameters show that high fidelity quantum state transfer between mechanical and spin qubits driven by electrical pulses is feasible. Our results form the basis for the fully electrical control of the coherent interconvertion between light and spin qubits and for manufacturing electrically driven quantum information processing systems.

  1. Spin-flip configuration interaction singles with exact spin-projection: Theory and applications to strongly correlated systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsuchimochi, Takashi

    2015-10-01

    Spin-flip approaches capture static correlation with the same computational scaling as the ordinary single reference methods. Here, we extend spin-flip configuration interaction singles (SFCIS) by projecting out intrinsic spin-contamination to make it spin-complete, rather than by explicitly complementing it with spin-coupled configurations. We give a general formalism of spin-projection for SFCIS, applicable to any spin states. The proposed method is viewed as a natural unification of SFCIS and spin-projected CIS to achieve a better qualitative accuracy at a low computational cost. While our wave function ansatz is more compact than previously proposed spin-complete SF approaches, it successfully offers more general static correlation beyond biradicals without sacrificing good quantum numbers. It is also shown that our method is invariant with respect to open-shell orbital rotations, due to the uniqueness of spin-projection. We will report benchmark calculations to demonstrate its qualitative performance on strongly correlated systems, including conical intersections that appear both in ground-excited and excited-excited degeneracies.

  2. Spin-controlled nanoelectromechanics in magnetic NEM-SET systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gorelik, L. Y.; Fedorets, D.; Shekhter, R. I.; Jonson, M.

    2005-11-01

    We present a theory of the nanoelectromechanical coupling in a magnetic nanoelectromechanical single-electron tunnelling (NEM-SET) device, where a nanometre-sized metallic cluster or 'dot' is suspended between two magnetic leads. In this device, the spin projections of the tunnelling electrons, which can be manipulated by an external magnetic field, control the strength of the tunnel current. The magnitude of the current, in turn, determines the power that can be supplied to the vibrational degree of freedom of the suspended cluster. The electromechanical instability that occurs in the system if the dissipation rate of the mechanical cluster vibration energy is slow enough, is shown to strongly depend on the external magnetic field. As a result different regimes of 'shuttle' vibrations appear and are analysed. The strength of the magnetic field required to control the nanomechanical vibrations decreases as the tunnel resistance of the device increases and can be as low as 10 gauss for gigaohm tunnel structures.

  3. Spin-dependent thermoelectronic transport of a single molecule magnet Mn(dmit){sub 2}

    SciTech Connect

    Su, Zhongbo; Wei, Xinyuan; Yang, Zhongqin; An, Yipeng

    2014-05-28

    We investigate spin-dependent thermoelectronic transport properties of a single molecule magnet Mn(dmit){sub 2} sandwiched between two Au electrodes using first-principles density functional theory combined with nonequilibrium Green's function method. By applying a temperature difference between the two Au electrodes, spin-up and spin-down currents flowing in opposite directions can be induced due to asymmetric distribution of the spin-up and spin-down transmission spectra around the Fermi level. A pure spin current and 100% spin polarization are achieved by tuning back-gate voltage to the system. The spin caloritronics of the molecule with a perpendicular conformation is also explored, where the spin-down current is blocked strongly. These results suggest that Mn(dmit){sub 2} is a promising material for spin caloritronic applications.

  4. Decoherence imaging of spin ensembles using a scanning single-electron spin in diamond

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luan, Lan; Grinolds, Michael S.; Hong, Sungkun; Maletinsky, Patrick; Walsworth, Ronald L.; Yacoby, Amir

    2015-01-01

    The nitrogen-vacancy (NV) defect center in diamond has demonstrated great capability for nanoscale magnetic sensing and imaging for both static and periodically modulated target fields. However, it remains a challenge to detect and image randomly fluctuating magnetic fields. Recent theoretical and numerical works have outlined detection schemes that exploit changes in decoherence of the detector spin as a sensitive measure for fluctuating fields. Here we experimentally monitor the decoherence of a scanning NV center in order to image the fluctuating magnetic fields from paramagnetic impurities on an underlying diamond surface. We detect a signal corresponding to roughly 800 ?B in 2 s of integration time, without any control on the target spins, and obtain magnetic-field spectral information using dynamical decoupling techniques. The extracted spatial and temporal properties of the surface paramagnetic impurities provide insight to prolonging the coherence of near-surface qubits for quantum information and metrology applications.

  5. Decoherence imaging of spin ensembles using a scanning single-electron spin in diamond.

    PubMed

    Luan, Lan; Grinolds, Michael S; Hong, Sungkun; Maletinsky, Patrick; Walsworth, Ronald L; Yacoby, Amir

    2015-01-01

    The nitrogen-vacancy (NV) defect center in diamond has demonstrated great capability for nanoscale magnetic sensing and imaging for both static and periodically modulated target fields. However, it remains a challenge to detect and image randomly fluctuating magnetic fields. Recent theoretical and numerical works have outlined detection schemes that exploit changes in decoherence of the detector spin as a sensitive measure for fluctuating fields. Here we experimentally monitor the decoherence of a scanning NV center in order to image the fluctuating magnetic fields from paramagnetic impurities on an underlying diamond surface. We detect a signal corresponding to roughly 800??B in 2?s of integration time, without any control on the target spins, and obtain magnetic-field spectral information using dynamical decoupling techniques. The extracted spatial and temporal properties of the surface paramagnetic impurities provide insight to prolonging the coherence of near-surface qubits for quantum information and metrology applications. PMID:25631646

  6. Decoherence imaging of spin ensembles using a scanning single-electron spin in diamond

    PubMed Central

    Luan, Lan; Grinolds, Michael S.; Hong, Sungkun; Maletinsky, Patrick; Walsworth, Ronald L.; Yacoby, Amir

    2015-01-01

    The nitrogen-vacancy (NV) defect center in diamond has demonstrated great capability for nanoscale magnetic sensing and imaging for both static and periodically modulated target fields. However, it remains a challenge to detect and image randomly fluctuating magnetic fields. Recent theoretical and numerical works have outlined detection schemes that exploit changes in decoherence of the detector spin as a sensitive measure for fluctuating fields. Here we experimentally monitor the decoherence of a scanning NV center in order to image the fluctuating magnetic fields from paramagnetic impurities on an underlying diamond surface. We detect a signal corresponding to roughly 800??B in 2?s of integration time, without any control on the target spins, and obtain magnetic-field spectral information using dynamical decoupling techniques. The extracted spatial and temporal properties of the surface paramagnetic impurities provide insight to prolonging the coherence of near-surface qubits for quantum information and metrology applications. PMID:25631646

  7. Controlling spins and photons For fundamentally secure communication

    E-print Network

    van der Wal, Caspar H.

    focuses on explor- ing spintronic and quantum information functionalities with electron spins and nuclear at the single-pho- ton level that travel in fibers. If a memo- [1] For a good recent review and introduction

  8. Ferroelectric control of the spin polarization in an organic spin valve

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Dali; Xu, Xiaoshan; Jiang, Lu; Lee, Ho Nyung; Guo, Hangwen; Snijders, Paul C.; Zac Ward, T.; Gai, Zheng; Zhang, X.-G.; Shen, Jian

    2012-02-01

    Recently engineering the spin propagation in organic spin valves has shown increasingly interesting properties. In this work we demonstrate novel ferroelectric control of the spin polarization in an organic spin valve. By inserting a thin ferroelectric buffer layer between a bottom La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO) electrode and the organic Alq3 layer, a controlled spin polarization through the ferroelectric interface is achieved. The spin valve exhibits both positive and negative magnetoresistance depending on the applied bias. We conclude that this results from the energy level shift by the ferroelectric dipoles between Alq3 and LSMO (Research sponsored by the Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, for the U. S. Department of Energy).

  9. Electrically driven single-electron spin resonance in a slanting Zeeman field

    E-print Network

    Loss, Daniel

    LETTERS Electrically driven single-electron spin resonance in a slanting Zeeman field M. PIORO in which electrically driven addressable spin rotations on two individual electrons were realized towards manipulating electron spins electrically in a scalable way. Magnetic resonance was recently used

  10. Protecting nickel with graphene spin-filtering membranes: A single layer is enough

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martin, M.-B.; Dlubak, B.; Weatherup, R. S.; Piquemal-Banci, M.; Yang, H.; Blume, R.; Schloegl, R.; Collin, S.; Petroff, F.; Hofmann, S.; Robertson, J.; Anane, A.; Fert, A.; Seneor, P.

    2015-07-01

    We report on the demonstration of ferromagnetic spin injectors for spintronics which are protected against oxidation through passivation by a single layer of graphene. The graphene monolayer is directly grown by catalytic chemical vapor deposition on pre-patterned nickel electrodes. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy reveals that even with its monoatomic thickness, monolayer graphene still efficiently protects spin sources against oxidation in ambient air. The resulting single layer passivated electrodes are integrated into spin valves and demonstrated to act as spin polarizers. Strikingly, the atom-thick graphene layer is shown to be sufficient to induce a characteristic spin filtering effect evidenced through the sign reversal of the measured magnetoresistance.

  11. Role of electron-electron scattering on spin transport in single layer graphene

    SciTech Connect

    Ghosh, Bahniman; Katiyar, Saurabh; Salimath, Akshaykumar

    2014-01-15

    In this work, the effect of electron-electron scattering on spin transport in single layer graphene is studied using semi-classical Monte Carlo simulation. The D’yakonov-P’erel mechanism is considered for spin relaxation. It is found that electron-electron scattering causes spin relaxation length to decrease by 35% at 300 K. The reason for this decrease in spin relaxation length is that the ensemble spin is modified upon an e-e collision and also e-e scattering rate is greater than phonon scattering rate at room temperature, which causes change in spin relaxation profile due to electron-electron scattering.

  12. Electric control of spin in monolayer WSe? field effect transistors.

    PubMed

    Gong, Kui; Zhang, Lei; Liu, Dongping; Liu, Lei; Zhu, Yu; Zhao, Yonghong; Guo, Hong

    2014-10-31

    We report first-principles theoretical investigations of quantum transport in a monolayer WSe2 field effect transistor (FET). Due to strong spin-orbit interaction (SOI) and the atomic structure of the two-dimensional lattice, monolayer WSe2 has an electronic structure that exhibits Zeeman-like up-down spin texture near the K and K' points of the Brillouin zone. In a FET, the gate electric field induces an extra, externally tunable SOI that re-orients the spins into a Rashba-like texture thereby realizing electric control of the spin. The conductance of FET is modulated by the spin texture, namely by if the spin orientation of the carrier after the gated channel region, matches or miss-matches that of the FET drain electrode. The carrier current I(?, s) in the FET is labelled by both the valley index and spin index, realizing valleytronics and spintronics in the same device. PMID:25287881

  13. Single-shot readout of multiple nuclear spin qubits in diamond under ambient conditions.

    PubMed

    Dréau, A; Spinicelli, P; Maze, J R; Roch, J-F; Jacques, V

    2013-02-01

    We use the electronic spin of a single nitrogen-vacancy defect in diamond to observe the real-time evolution of neighboring single nuclear spins under ambient conditions. Using a diamond sample with a natural abundance of (13)C isotopes, we first demonstrate high fidelity initialization and single-shot readout of an individual (13)C nuclear spin. By including the intrinsic (14)N nuclear spin of the nitrogen-vacancy defect in the quantum register, we then report the simultaneous observation of quantum jumps linked to both nuclear spin species, providing an efficient initialization of the two qubits. These results open up new avenues for diamond-based quantum information processing including active feedback in quantum error correction protocols and tests of quantum correlations with solid-state single spins at room temperature. PMID:23432227

  14. Room temperature high-fidelity holonomic single-qubit gate on a solid-state spin

    PubMed Central

    Arroyo-Camejo, Silvia; Lazariev, Andrii; Hell, Stefan W.; Balasubramanian, Gopalakrishnan

    2014-01-01

    At its most fundamental level, circuit-based quantum computation relies on the application of controlled phase shift operations on quantum registers. While these operations are generally compromised by noise and imperfections, quantum gates based on geometric phase shifts can provide intrinsically fault-tolerant quantum computing. Here we demonstrate the high-fidelity realization of a recently proposed fast (non-adiabatic) and universal (non-Abelian) holonomic single-qubit gate, using an individual solid-state spin qubit under ambient conditions. This fault-tolerant quantum gate provides an elegant means for achieving the fidelity threshold indispensable for implementing quantum error correction protocols. Since we employ a spin qubit associated with a nitrogen-vacancy colour centre in diamond, this system is based on integrable and scalable hardware exhibiting strong analogy to current silicon technology. This quantum gate realization is a promising step towards viable, fault-tolerant quantum computing under ambient conditions. PMID:25216026

  15. All-optical preparation of coherent dark states of a single rare earth ion spin in a crystal

    E-print Network

    Kangwei Xia; Roman Kolesov; Ya Wang; Petr Siyushev; Rolf Reuter; Thomas Kornher; Nadezhda Kukharchyk; Andreas D. Wieck; Bruno Villa; Sen Yang; Jörg Wrachtrup

    2015-06-22

    All-optical addressing and control of single solid-state based qubits allows for scalable architectures of quantum devices such as quantum networks and quantum simulators. So far, all-optical addressing of qubits was demonstrated only for color centers in diamond and quantum dots. Here, we demonstrate generation of coherent dark state of a single rare earth ion in a solid, namely a cerium ion in yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG). The dark state was formed under the condition of coherent population trapping. Furthermore, high-resolution spectroscopic studies of native and implanted single Ce ions have been performed. They revealed narrow and spectrally stable optical transitions between the spin sublevels of the ground and excited optical states, indicating the feasibility of interfacing single photons with a single electron spin of a cerium ion.

  16. All-optical preparation of coherent dark states of a single rare earth ion spin in a crystal

    E-print Network

    Xia, Kangwei; Wang, Ya; Siyushev, Petr; Reuter, Rolf; Kornher, Thomas; Kukharchyk, Nadezhda; Wieck, Andreas D; Villa, Bruno; Yang, Sen; Wrachtrup, Jörg

    2015-01-01

    All-optical addressing and control of single solid-state based qubits allows for scalable architectures of quantum devices such as quantum networks and quantum simulators. So far, all-optical addressing of qubits was demonstrated only for color centers in diamond and quantum dots. Here, we demonstrate generation of coherent dark state of a single rare earth ion in a solid, namely a cerium ion in yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG). The dark state was formed under the condition of coherent population trapping. Furthermore, high-resolution spectroscopic studies of native and implanted single Ce ions have been performed. They revealed narrow and spectrally stable optical transitions between the spin sublevels of the ground and excited optical states, indicating the feasibility of interfacing single photons with a single electron spin of a cerium ion.

  17. Dual-spin attitude control for outer planet missions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ward, R. S.; Tauke, G. J.

    1977-01-01

    The applicability of dual-spin technology to a Jupiter orbiter with probe mission was investigated. Basic mission and system level attitude control requirements were established and preliminary mechanization and control concepts developed. A comprehensive 18-degree-of-freedom digital simulation was utilized extensively to establish control laws, study dynamic interactions, and determined key sensitivities. Fundamental system/subsystem constraints were identified, and the applicability of dual-spin technology to a Jupiter orbiter with probe mission was validated.

  18. All-optical control of a solid-state spin using coherent dark states

    PubMed Central

    Yale, Christopher G.; Buckley, Bob B.; Christle, David J.; Burkard, Guido; Heremans, F. Joseph; Bassett, Lee C.; Awschalom, David D.

    2013-01-01

    The study of individual quantum systems in solids, for use as quantum bits (qubits) and probes of decoherence, requires protocols for their initialization, unitary manipulation, and readout. In many solid-state quantum systems, these operations rely on disparate techniques that can vary widely depending on the particular qubit structure. One such qubit, the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center spin in diamond, can be initialized and read out through its special spin-selective intersystem crossing, while microwave electron spin resonance techniques provide unitary spin rotations. Instead, we demonstrate an alternative, fully optical approach to these control protocols in an NV center that does not rely on its intersystem crossing. By tuning an NV center to an excited-state spin anticrossing at cryogenic temperatures, we use coherent population trapping and stimulated Raman techniques to realize initialization, readout, and unitary manipulation of a single spin. Each of these techniques can be performed directly along any arbitrarily chosen quantum basis, removing the need for extra control steps to map the spin to and from a preferred basis. Combining these protocols, we perform measurements of the NV center’s spin coherence, a demonstration of this full optical control. Consisting solely of optical pulses, these techniques enable control within a smaller footprint and within photonic networks. Likewise, this unified approach obviates the need for both electron spin resonance manipulation and spin addressability through the intersystem crossing. This method could therefore be applied to a wide range of potential solid-state qubits, including those which currently lack a means to be addressed. PMID:23610403

  19. Resonant control of spin dynamics in ultracold quantum gases by microwave dressing

    SciTech Connect

    Gerbier, Fabrice; Widera, Artur; Foelling, Simon; Mandel, Olaf; Bloch, Immanuel

    2006-04-15

    We study experimentally interaction-driven spin oscillations in optical lattices in the presence of an off-resonant microwave field. We show that the energy shift induced by this microwave field can be used to control the spin oscillations by tuning the system either into resonance to achieve near-unity contrast or far away from resonance to suppress the oscillations. Finally, we propose a scheme based on this technique to create a flat sample with either singly or doubly occupied sites, starting from an inhomogeneous Mott insulator, where singly and doubly occupied sites coexist.

  20. Electric field manipulation of magnetoresistance in a single molecular spin-valve device

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dhungana, Kamal; Pati, Ranjit

    2014-03-01

    Manipulation of spin transport in a molecular spin-valve device using external electric field is a challenging as well as an exciting task from both fundamental and technological points of view. The weak spin-orbit and hyperfine interactions in organic molecules make them potential candidates for spin conserved tunneling. Tunable spin transport properties in single molecular junctions have recently been demonstrated using spin polarized scanning tunneling microscope. Here, we model a molecular spin-valve device by attaching an organic molecule between two ferromagnetic electrodes. A single-particle many-body Green's function approach together with unrestricted density functional theory is employed to ca This work is supported by NSF through Grant No. ECCS-1249504.

  1. Internal Spin Control, Squeezing and Decoherence in Ensembles of Alkali Atomic Spins

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Norris, Leigh Morgan

    Large atomic ensembles interacting with light are one of the most promising platforms for quantum information processing. In the past decade, novel applications for these systems have emerged in quantum communication, quantum computing, and metrology. Essential to all of these applications is the controllability of the atomic ensemble, which is facilitated by a strong coupling between the atoms and light. Non-classical spin squeezed states are a crucial step in attaining greater ensemble control. The degree of entanglement present in these states, furthermore, serves as a benchmark for the strength of the atom-light interaction. Outside the broader context of quantum information processing with atomic ensembles, spin squeezed states have applications in metrology, where their quantum correlations can be harnessed to improve the precision of magnetometers and atomic clocks. This dissertation focuses upon the production of spin squeezed states in large ensembles of cold trapped alkali atoms interacting with optical fields. While most treatments of spin squeezing consider only the case in which the ensemble is composed of two level systems or qubits, we utilize the entire ground manifold of an alkali atom with hyperfine spin f greater than or equal to 1/2, a qudit. Spin squeezing requires non-classical correlations between the constituent atomic spins, which are generated through the atoms' collective coupling to the light. Either through measurement or multiple interactions with the atoms, the light mediates an entangling interaction that produces quantum correlations. Because the spin squeezing treated in this dissertation ultimately originates from the coupling between the light and atoms, conventional approaches of improving this squeezing have focused on increasing the optical density of the ensemble. The greater number of internal degrees of freedom and the controllability of the spin-f ground hyperfine manifold enable novel methods of enhancing squeezing. In particular, we find that state preparation using control of the internal hyperfine spin increases the entangling power of squeezing protocols when f>1/2. Post-processing of the ensemble using additional internal spin control converts this entanglement into metrologically useful spin squeezing. By employing a variation of the Holstein-Primakoff approximation, in which the collective spin observables of the atomic ensemble are treated as quadratures of a bosonic mode, we model entanglement generation, spin squeezing and the effects of internal spin control. The Holstein-Primakoff formalism also enables us to take into account the decoherence of the ensemble due to optical pumping. While most works ignore or treat optical pumping phenomenologically, we employ a master equation derived from first principles. Our analysis shows that state preparation and the hyperfine spin size have a substantial impact upon both the generation of spin squeezing and the decoherence of the ensemble. Through a numerical search, we determine state preparations that enhance squeezing protocols while remaining robust to optical pumping. Finally, most work on spin squeezing in atomic ensembles has treated the light as a plane wave that couples identically to all atoms. In the final part of this dissertation, we go beyond the customary plane wave approximation on the light and employ focused paraxial beams, which are more efficiently mode matched to the radiation pattern of the atomic ensemble. The mathematical formalism and the internal spin control techniques that we applied in the plane wave case are generalized to accommodate the non-homogeneous paraxial probe. We find the optimal geometries of the atomic ensemble and the probe for mode matching and generation of spin squeezing.

  2. Internal Spin Control, Squeezing and Decoherence in Ensembles of Alkali Atomic Spins

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Norris, Leigh Morgan

    Large atomic ensembles interacting with light are one of the most promising platforms for quantum information processing. In the past decade, novel applications for these systems have emerged in quantum communication, quantum computing, and metrology. Essential to all of these applications is the controllability of the atomic ensemble, which is facilitated by a strong coupling between the atoms and light. Non-classical spin squeezed states are a crucial step in attaining greater ensemble control. The degree of entanglement present in these states, furthermore, serves as a benchmark for the strength of the atom-light interaction. Outside the broader context of quantum information processing with atomic ensembles, spin squeezed states have applications in metrology, where their quantum correlations can be harnessed to improve the precision of magnetometers and atomic clocks. This dissertation focuses upon the production of spin squeezed states in large ensembles of cold trapped alkali atoms interacting with optical fields. While most treatments of spin squeezing consider only the case in which the ensemble is composed of two level systems or qubits, we utilize the entire ground manifold of an alkali atom with hyperfine spin f greater or equal to 1/2, a qudit. Spin squeezing requires non-classical correlations between the constituent atomic spins, which are generated through the atoms' collective coupling to the light. Either through measurement or multiple interactions with the atoms, the light mediates an entangling interaction that produces quantum correlations. Because the spin squeezing treated in this dissertation ultimately originates from the coupling between the light and atoms, conventional approaches of improving this squeezing have focused on increasing the optical density of the ensemble. The greater number of internal degrees of freedom and the controllability of the spin-f ground hyperfine manifold enable novel methods of enhancing squeezing. In particular, we find that state preparation using control of the internal hyperfine spin increases the entangling power of squeezing protocols when f >1/2. Post-processing of the ensemble using additional internal spin control converts this entanglement into metrologically useful spin squeezing. By employing a variation of the Holstein-Primakoff approximation, in which the collective spin observables of the atomic ensemble are treated as quadratures of a bosonic mode, we model entanglement generation, spin squeezing and the effects of internal spin control. The Holstein-Primakoff formalism also enables us to take into account the decoherence of the ensemble due to optical pumping. While most works ignore or treat optical pumping phenomenologically, we employ a master equation derived from first principles. Our analysis shows that state preparation and the hyperfine spin size have a substantial impact upon both the generation of spin squeezing and the decoherence of the ensemble. Through a numerical search, we determine state preparations that enhance squeezing protocols while remaining robust to optical pumping. Finally, most work on spin squeezing in atomic ensembles has treated the light as a plane wave that couples identically to all atoms. In the final part of this dissertation, we go beyond the customary plane wave approximation on the light and employ focused paraxial beams, which are more efficiently mode matched to the radiation pattern of the atomic ensemble. The mathematical formalism and the internal spin control techniques that we applied in the plane wave case are generalized to accommodate the non-homogeneous paraxial probe. We find the optimal geometries of the atomic ensemble and the probe for mode matching and generation of spin squeezing.

  3. Protein imaging. Single-protein spin resonance spectroscopy under ambient conditions.

    PubMed

    Shi, Fazhan; Zhang, Qi; Wang, Pengfei; Sun, Hongbin; Wang, Jiarong; Rong, Xing; Chen, Ming; Ju, Chenyong; Reinhard, Friedemann; Chen, Hongwei; Wrachtrup, Jörg; Wang, Junfeng; Du, Jiangfeng

    2015-03-01

    Magnetic resonance is essential in revealing the structure and dynamics of biomolecules. However, measuring the magnetic resonance spectrum of single biomolecules has remained an elusive goal. We demonstrate the detection of the electron spin resonance signal from a single spin-labeled protein under ambient conditions. As a sensor, we use a single nitrogen vacancy center in bulk diamond in close proximity to the protein. We measure the orientation of the spin label at the protein and detect the impact of protein motion on the spin label dynamics. In addition, we coherently drive the spin at the protein, which is a prerequisite for studies involving polarization of nuclear spins of the protein or detailed structure analysis of the protein itself. PMID:25745170

  4. Terahertz spin current pulses controlled by magnetic heterostructures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kampfrath, T.; Battiato, M.; Maldonado, P.; Eilers, G.; Nötzold, J.; Mährlein, S.; Zbarsky, V.; Freimuth, F.; Mokrousov, Y.; Blügel, S.; Wolf, M.; Radu, I.; Oppeneer, P. M.; Münzenberg, M.

    2013-04-01

    In spin-based electronics, information is encoded by the spin state of electron bunches. Processing this information requires the controlled transport of spin angular momentum through a solid, preferably at frequencies reaching the so far unexplored terahertz regime. Here, we demonstrate, by experiment and theory, that the temporal shape of femtosecond spin current bursts can be manipulated by using specifically designed magnetic heterostructures. A laser pulse is used to drive spins from a ferromagnetic iron thin film into a non-magnetic cap layer that has either low (ruthenium) or high (gold) electron mobility. The resulting transient spin current is detected by means of an ultrafast, contactless amperemeter based on the inverse spin Hall effect, which converts the spin flow into a terahertz electromagnetic pulse. We find that the ruthenium cap layer yields a considerably longer spin current pulse because electrons are injected into ruthenium d states, which have a much lower mobility than gold sp states. Thus, spin current pulses and the resulting terahertz transients can be shaped by tailoring magnetic heterostructures, which opens the door to engineering high-speed spintronic devices and, potentially, broadband terahertz emitters.

  5. Controllable spin transport in dual-gated silicene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Yu; Lou, Yiyi

    2014-07-01

    Based on the dual-gated silicene, we have evaluated theoretically the spin-dependent transport in lateral resonant tunneling structure. By aligning the completely valley-polarized beam with spin-resolved well state in concerned structure, large spin polarization can be expected owing to spin-dependent resonant tunneling mechanism. Under the gate electric field modulation, the forming quantum well state can be externally manipulated, triggering further the emergence of externally-controllable spin polarization. Importantly, integrating the considered structure with a proper valley-filter, which might be constructed from valley-contrasting physics as that in graphene valleytronics, completely-polarized spin beam can also be attained without the assistance of ferromagnetic component, providing thus some profitable strategies to develop nonmagnetic spintronic devices residing on silicene.

  6. Nuclear feedback in a single electron-charged quantum dot under pulsed optical control

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ladd, Thaddeus D.; Press, David; De Greve, Kristiaan; McMahon, Peter L.; Friess, Benedikt; Schneider, Christian; Kamp, Martin; Höfling, Sven; Forchel, Alfred; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa

    2011-03-01

    Electron spins in quantum dots under coherent control exhibit a number of novel feedback processes. Here, we present experimental and theoretical evidence of a feedback process between nuclear spins and a single electron spin in a single charged InAs quantum dot, controlled by the coherently modified probability of exciting a trion state. We present a mathematical model describing competition between optical nuclear pumping and nuclear spin-diffusion inside the quantum dot. The model correctly postdicts the observation of a hysteretic sawtooth pattern in the free-induction-decay of the single electron spin, hysteresis while scanning a narrow-band laser through the quantum dot's optical resonance frequency, and non-sinusoidal fringes in the spin echo. Both the coherent electron-spin rotations, implemented with off-resonant ultrafast laser pulses, and the resonant narrowband optical pumping for spin initialization interspersed between ultrafast pulses, play a role in the observed behavior. This effect allows dynamic tuning of the electron Larmor frequency to a value determined by the pulse timing, potentially allowing more complex coherent control operations.

  7. Target Single-Spin Asymmetry in Inclusive Hadron Production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiang, Xiaodong

    2015-02-01

    We present the first measurement of target single-spin asymmetries (AN) in the inclusive hadron production reaction, e+3He? ?h+X, using a transversely polarized 3He target at an electron-nucleon center-of-mass energy ? {s} = 3.45 GeV. The experiment was conducted at Jefferson Lab in Hall A using a 5.9-GeV electron beam. Several types of hadrons (?±, K± and proton) were detected with an average momentum = 2.35 GeV/c, and an average transverse momentum = 0.64 GeV/c. The observed asymmetry strongly depends on the type of hadron. A positive asymmetry is observed for ?+ and K+. A negative asymmetry is observed for ?-. The ?+ and ?- asymmetries measured for the 3He target and extracted the "effective- neutron" SSA. Amazingly, we found that the ratio of our observed SSA between ?+ and ?- productions closely resemble the ratio of up- to down-quark's contributions to neutron's anomalous magnetic moment.

  8. Controlled Spin Transport in Planar Systems Through Topological Exciton

    E-print Network

    Abhinav, Kumar

    2015-01-01

    It is shown that a charge-neutral spin-1 exciton, possibly realizable only in planar systems like graphene and topological insulators, can be effectively used for controlled spin transport in such media. The effect of quantum and thermal fluctuations yield a parametric excitation threshold for its realization. This planar exciton differs from the conventional ones, as it owes its existence to the topological Chern-Simons (CS) term. The parity and time-reversal violating CS term can arise from quantum effects in systems with parity-breaking mass-gap. The spinning exciton naturally couples to magnetic field, leading to the possibility of controlled spin transport. Being neutral, it is immune to a host of effect, which afflicts spin transport through charged fermions.

  9. Controlled Spin Transport in Planar Systems Through Topological Exciton

    E-print Network

    Kumar Abhinav; Prasanta K. Panigrahi

    2015-07-01

    It is shown that a charge-neutral spin-1 exciton, realizable only in planar systems like graphene, can effectively be used for controlled spin transport in such media. The excitonic bound state is destabilized by quantum fluctuations, characterized by a threshold for excitation and melts in a smooth manner under thermal fluctuations. This planar exciton differs from the conventional ones, as it owes its existence to the topological Chern-Simons (CS) term. The parity and time-reversal violating CS term can arise from quantum effects in systems with parity-breaking mass-gap. The spinning exciton naturally couples to magnetic field, leading to the possibility of controlled spin transport. Being neutral, it is immune to adverse effects, afflicting spin transport by charged fermions.

  10. Periodic attitude control of a slowly spinning spacecraft.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Todosiev, E. P.

    1973-01-01

    A periodic attitude control system is presented which permits control of secular errors of a slowly spinning spacecraft operating in a high disturbance environment. Attitude errors of the spin-axis are detected by sun sensors (or rate gyros) and are controlled by a periodic control law which modulates external control torques generated by mass expulsion torquers. Attitude stability during the uncontrolled periods is obtained passively via the vehicle spin momentum. Equations of motion, a system block diagram, and design parameters are presented for a typical spacecraft application. Simulation results are included which demonstrate the feasibility of the novel control concept. Salient features of the periodic control approach are implementation simplicity, excellent response, and a propellant utilization efficiency greater than 75 percent.

  11. Optimized dynamical control of state transfer through noisy spin chains

    E-print Network

    Analia Zwick; Gonzalo A. Alvarez; Guy Bensky; Gershon Kurizki

    2015-01-09

    We propose a method of optimally controlling the tradeoff of speed and fidelity of state transfer through a noisy quantum channel (spin-chain). This process is treated as qubit state-transfer through a fermionic bath. We show that dynamical modulation of the boundary-qubits levels can ensure state transfer with the best tradeoff of speed and fidelity. This is achievable by dynamically optimizing the transmission spectrum of the channel. The resulting optimal control is robust against both static and fluctuating noise in the channel's spin-spin couplings. It may also facilitate transfer in the presence of diagonal disorder (on site energy noise) in the channel.

  12. Optimized dynamical control of state transfer through noisy spin chains

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zwick, Analia; Álvarez, Gonzalo A.; Bensky, Guy; Kurizki, Gershon

    2014-06-01

    We propose a method of optimally controlling the tradeoff of speed and fidelity of state transfer through a noisy quantum channel (spin-chain). This process is treated as qubit state-transfer through a fermionic bath. We show that dynamical modulation of the boundary-qubits levels can ensure state transfer with the best tradeoff of speed and fidelity. This is achievable by dynamically optimizing the transmission spectrum of the channel. The resulting optimal control is robust against both static and fluctuating noise in the channel's spin-spin couplings. It may also facilitate transfer in the presence of diagonal disorder (on site energy noise) in the channel.

  13. Spin-controlled plasmonics via optical Rashba effect

    SciTech Connect

    Shitrit, Nir; Yulevich, Igor; Kleiner, Vladimir; Hasman, Erez

    2013-11-18

    Observation of the optical Rashba effect in plasmonics is reported. Polarization helicity degeneracy removal, associated with the inversion symmetry violation, is attributed to the surface symmetry design via anisotropic nanoantennas with space-variant orientations. By utilizing the Rashba-induced momentum in a nanoscale kagome metastructure, we demonstrated a spin-based surface plasmon multidirectional excitation under a normal-incidence illumination. The spin-controlled plasmonics via spinoptical metasurfaces provides a route for spin-based surface-integrated photonic nanodevices and light-matter interaction control, extending the light manipulation capabilities.

  14. Spin system trajectory analysis under optimal control pulses

    E-print Network

    Ilya Kuprov

    2012-12-18

    Several methods are proposed for the analysis, visualization and interpretation of high-dimensional spin system trajectories produced by quantum mechanical simulations. It is noted that expectation values of specific observables in large spin systems often feature fast, complicated and hard-to-interpret time dynamics and suggested that populations of carefully selected subspaces of states are much easier to analyze and interpret. As an illustration of the utility of the proposed methods, it is demonstrated that the apparent "noisy" appearance of many optimal control pulses in NMR and EPR spectroscopy is an illusion - the underlying spin dynamics is shown to be smooth, orderly and very tightly controlled.

  15. Probing Johnson noise and ballistic transport in normal metals with a single-spin qubit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kolkowitz, S.; Safira, A.; High, A. A.; Devlin, R. C.; Choi, S.; Unterreithmeier, Q. P.; Patterson, D.; Zibrov, A. S.; Manucharyan, V. E.; Park, H.; Lukin, M. D.

    2015-03-01

    Thermally induced electrical currents, known as Johnson noise, cause fluctuating electric and magnetic fields in proximity to a conductor. These fluctuations are intrinsically related to the conductivity of the metal. We use single-spin qubits associated with nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond to probe Johnson noise in the vicinity of conductive silver films. Measurements of polycrystalline silver films over a range of distances (20 to 200 nanometers) and temperatures (10 to 300 kelvin) are consistent with the classically expected behavior of the magnetic fluctuations. However, we find that Johnson noise is markedly suppressed next to single-crystal films, indicative of a substantial deviation from Ohm’s law at length scales below the electron mean free path. Our results are consistent with a generalized model that accounts for the ballistic motion of electrons in the metal, indicating that under the appropriate conditions, nearby electrodes may be used for controlling nanoscale optoelectronic, atomic, and solid-state quantum systems.

  16. Detection of atomic spin labels in a lipid bilayer using a single-spin nanodiamond probe

    E-print Network

    Scholten, Robert

    for review January 10, 2013) Magnetic field fluctuations arising from fundamental spins are ubiquitous, we demonstrate the de- tection of gadolinium spin labels in an artificial cell membrane under ambient gadolinium atomic labels. The detection of such small numbers of spins in a model biological setting

  17. Spin vector control of a spinning space station

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hendricks, T.

    1971-01-01

    Digital computer program simulates system and related functions. Program is intended for, but not limited to, altitude control studies of rotating space station. Russel's method of formulating and solving motion equations for system of rigid bodies connected by movable joints is applied. Program features are listed.

  18. Single-photon spin-orbit entanglement violating a Bell-like inequality

    E-print Network

    Lixiang Chen; Weilong She

    2010-01-07

    Single photons emerging from q-plates (or Pancharatnam-Berry phase optical element) exhibit entanglement in the degrees of freedom of spin and orbital angular momentum. We put forward an experimental scheme for probing the spin-orbit correlations of single photons. It is found that the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) parameter S for the single-photon spin-orbit entangled state could be up to 2.828, evidently violating the Bell-like inequality and thus invalidating the noncontextual hidden variable (NCHV) theories.

  19. Two-photon Exchange Corrections to Single Spin Asymmetry of Neutron and $^3$He

    E-print Network

    Dian-Yong Chen; Yu-Bing Dong

    2009-11-26

    In a simple hadronic model, the two-photon exchange contributions to the single spin asymmetries for the nucleon and the $^3$He are estimated. The results show that the elastic contributions of two-photon exchange to the the single spin asymmetries for the nucleon are rather small while those for the $^3$He are relatively large. Besides the strong angular dependence, the two-photon contributions to the single spin asymmetry for the $^3$He are very sensitive to the momentum transfer.

  20. Control of exciton spin statistics through spin polarization in organic optoelectronic devices

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Jianpu; Chepelianskii, Alexei; Gao, Feng; Greenham, Neil C.

    2012-01-01

    Spintronics based on organic semiconductor materials is attractive because of its rich fundamental physics and potential for device applications. Manipulating spins is obviously important for spintronics, and is usually achieved by using magnetic electrodes. Here we show a new approach where spin populations can be controlled primarily by energetics rather than kinetics. We find that exciton spin statistics can be substantially controlled by spin-polarizing carriers after injection using high magnetic fields and low temperatures, where the Zeeman energy is comparable with the thermal energy. By using this method, we demonstrate that singlet exciton formation can be suppressed by up to 53% in organic light-emitting diodes, and the dark conductance of organic photovoltaic devices can be increased by up to 45% due to enhanced formation of triplet charge-transfer states, leading to less recombination to the ground state. PMID:23149736

  1. Control of propagating spin waves via spin transfer torque in a metallic bilayer waveguide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    An, Kyongmo; Birt, Daniel R.; Pai, Chi-Feng; Olsson, Kevin; Ralph, Daniel C.; Buhrman, Robert A.; Li, Xiaoqin

    2014-04-01

    We investigate the effect of a direct current on propagating spin waves in a CoFeB/Ta bilayer structure. Using the micro-Brillouin light scattering technique, we observe that the spin-wave damping and amplitude may be attenuated or amplified depending on the direction of the current and the applied magnetic field. Our work suggests an effective approach for electrically controlling the propagation of spin waves in a magnetic waveguide and may be useful in a number of applications such as phase-locked nano-oscillators and hybrid information-processing devices.

  2. Spin-related thermoelectric conversion in lateral spin-valve devices with single-crystalline Co2FeSi electrodes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamasaki, Kento; Oki, Soichiro; Yamada, Shinya; Kanashima, Takeshi; Hamaya, Kohei

    2015-04-01

    We demonstrate the conversion between a heat current and a spin current in Cu-based lateral spin valves (LSVs) with single-crystalline Co2FeSi (CFS) electrodes. We can observe the thermally induced spin injection from CFS into Cu resulting from the spin-dependent Seebeck effect, and the heat current generated by the spin-dependent Peltier effect can be detected even in the LSV structures. This study is an important step toward understanding heat-spin conversion in single-crystalline materials with various electronic band structures.

  3. Gate-controlled electron spins in quantum dots

    SciTech Connect

    Prabhakar, Sanjay; Melnik, Roderick; Bonilla, Luis L.

    2013-12-16

    In this paper we study the properties of anisotropic semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) formed in the conduction band in the presence of the magnetic field. The Kane-type model is formulated and is analyzed by using both analytical and finite element techniques. Among other things, we demonstrate that in such quantum dots, the electron spin states in the phonon-induced spin-flip rate can be manipulated with the application of externally applied anisotropic gate potentials. More precisely, such potentials enhance the spin flip rates and reduce the level crossing points to lower quantum dot radii. This happens due to the suppression of the g-factor towards bulk crystal. We conclude that the phonon induced spin-flip rate can be controlled through the application of spin-orbit coupling. Numerical examples are shown to demonstrate these findings.

  4. Controlling Quantum Transport through a Single Molecule

    E-print Network

    Stafford, Charles

    Controlling Quantum Transport through a Single Molecule David M. Cardamone,* Charles A. Stafford the Aharanov-Bohm effect;8 however, for nanoscale devices such as single molecules, this is impractical due. Electronic mail: David_Cardamone@sfu.ca. Present address: Department of Physics, Simon Fraser University, BC

  5. Spin transport properties of single metallocene molecules attached to single-walled carbon nanotubes via nickel adatoms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wei, Peng; Sun, Lili; Benassi, Enrico; Shen, Ziyong; Sanvito, Stefano; Hou, Shimin

    2011-06-01

    The spin-dependent transport properties of single ferrocene, cobaltocene, and nickelocene molecules attached to the sidewall of a (4,4) armchair single-walled carbon nanotube via a Ni adatom are investigated by using a self-consistent ab initio approach that combines the non-equilibrium Green's function formalism with the spin density functional theory. Our calculations show that the Ni adatom not only binds strongly to the sidewall of the nanotube, but also maintains the spin degeneracy and affects little the transmission around the Fermi level. When the Ni adatom further binds to a metallocene molecule, its density of states is modulated by that of the molecule and electron scattering takes place in the nanotube. In particular, we find that for both cobaltocene and nickelocene the transport across the nanotube becomes spin-polarized. This demonstrates that metallocene molecules and carbon nanotubes can become a promising materials platform for applications in molecular spintronics.

  6. Temperature induced Spin Switching in SmFeO3 Single Crystal

    PubMed Central

    Cao, Shixun; Zhao, Huazhi; Kang, Baojuan; Zhang, Jincang; Ren, Wei

    2014-01-01

    The prospect of controlling the magnetization (M) of a material is of great importance from the viewpoints of fundamental physics and future applications of emerging spintronics. A class of rare-earth orthoferrites RFeO3 (R is rare-earth element) materials exhibit striking physical properties of spin switching and magnetization reversal induced by temperature and/or applied magnetic field. Furthermore, due to the novel magnetic, magneto-optic and multiferroic properties etc., RFeO3 materials are attracting more and more interests in recent years. We have prepared and investigated a prototype of RFeO3 materials, namely SmFeO3 single-crystal. And we report magnetic measurements upon both field cooling (FC) and zero-field cooling (ZFC) of the sample, as a function of temperature and applied magnetic field. The central findings of this study include that the magnetization of single-crystal SmFeO3 can be switched by temperature, and tuning the magnitude of applied magnetic field allows us to realize such spin switching even at room temperature. PMID:25091202

  7. Twist-3 spin observables for single-hadron production in DIS

    SciTech Connect

    Gamberg, Leonard P.; Kanazawa, Koichi; Kang, Zhong-Bo; Metz, Andreas; Pitonyak, Daniel A.; Prokudin, Alexei; Schlegel, Marc

    2015-09-01

    Recently, three twist-3 spin asymmetries for single-inclusive hadron production in deep-inelastic lepton-nucleon scattering have been computed using collinear factorization and the leading order approximation. Here we summarize the main findings of these studies.

  8. Generating entangled spin states for quantum metrology by single-photon detection

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Hao

    We propose and analyze a probabilistic but heralded scheme to generate pure, entangled, non-Gaussian states of collective spin in large atomic ensembles by means of single-photon detection. One photon announces the preparation ...

  9. Sensitive Magnetic Control of Ensemble Nuclear Spin Hyperpolarisation in Diamond

    E-print Network

    Wang, Hai-Jing; Avalos, Claudia E; Seltzer, Scott J; Budker, Dmitry; Pines, Alexander; Bajaj, Vikram S

    2012-01-01

    Dynamic nuclear polarisation, which transfers the spin polarisation of electrons to nuclei, is routinely applied to enhance the sensitivity of nuclear magnetic resonance; it is also critical in spintronics, particularly when spin hyperpolarisation can be produced and controlled optically or electrically. Here we show the complete polarisation of nuclei located near the optically-polarised nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centre in diamond. When approaching the ground-state level anti-crossing condition of the NV electron spins, 13C nuclei in the first-shell are polarised in a pattern that depends sensitively and sharply upon the magnetic field. Based on the anisotropy of the hyperfine coupling and of the optical polarisation mechanism, we predict and observe a complete reversal of the nuclear spin polarisation with a few-mT change in the magnetic field. The demonstrated sensitive magnetic control of nuclear polarisation at room temperature will be useful for sensitivity-enhanced NMR, nuclear-based spintronics, and quant...

  10. Quantum gates controlled by spin chain soliton excitations

    SciTech Connect

    Cuccoli, Alessandro; Nuzzi, Davide; Vaia, Ruggero; Verrucchi, Paola

    2014-05-07

    Propagation of soliton-like excitations along spin chains has been proposed as a possible way for transmitting both classical and quantum information between two distant parties with negligible dispersion and dissipation. In this work, a somewhat different use of solitons is considered. Solitons propagating along a spin chain realize an effective magnetic field, well localized in space and time, which can be exploited as a means to manipulate the state of an external spin (i.e., a qubit) that is weakly coupled to the chain. We have investigated different couplings between the qubit and the chain, as well as different soliton shapes, according to a Heisenberg chain model. It is found that symmetry properties strongly affect the effectiveness of the proposed scheme, and the most suitable setups for implementing single qubit quantum gates are singled out.

  11. Galileo dual-spin attitude and articulation control system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ward, R. S.

    1978-01-01

    Galileo, the first outer planet explorer to be configured as a dual spinner, will conduct intensive investigation of Jupiter's atmosphere, satellites, and magnetosphere. The exacting mission, coupled with the inherently complex spin and flexible body dynamics of the vehicle, demands careful design of the Galileo Attitude and Articulation Control System (AACS). A brief overview of the Galileo mission and spacecraft is presented, followed by a detailed discussion on the mechanization of the AACS and the many factors that influence its design. Included are discussions on attitude determination and control, high-gain antenna pointing, science scan platform pointing, nutation damping, wobble compensation, spin and despin control, and propellant migration and boom flexibility effects.

  12. On the anatomy of multi-spin magnon and single spike string solutions

    E-print Network

    H. Dimov; R. C. Rashkov

    2007-10-25

    We study rigid string solutions rotating in $AdS_5\\times S^5$ background. For particular values of the parameters of the solutions we find multispin solutions corresponding to giant magnons and single spike strings. We present an analysis of the dispersion relations in the case of three spin solutions distributed only in $S^5$ and the case of one spin in $AdS_5$ and two spins in $S^5$. The possible relation of these string solutions to gauge theory operators and spin chains are briefly discussed.

  13. Dissipative Quantum Control of a Spin Chain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morigi, Giovanna; Eschner, Jürgen; Cormick, Cecilia; Lin, Yiheng; Leibfried, Dietrich; Wineland, David J.

    2015-11-01

    A protocol is discussed for preparing a spin chain in a generic many-body state in the asymptotic limit of tailored nonunitary dynamics. The dynamics require the spectral resolution of the target state, optimized coherent pulses, engineered dissipation, and feedback. As an example, we discuss the preparation of an entangled antiferromagnetic state, and argue that the procedure can be applied to chains of trapped ions or Rydberg atoms.

  14. Dissipative quantum control of a spin chain

    E-print Network

    Giovanna Morigi; Juergen Eschner; Cecilia Cormick; Yiheng Lin; Dietrich Leibfried; David J. Wineland

    2015-07-10

    A protocol is discussed for preparing a spin chain in a generic many-body state in the asymptotic limit of tailored non-unitary dynamics. The dynamics require the spectral resolution of the target state, optimized coherent pulses, engineered dissipation, and feedback. As an example, we discuss the preparation of an entangled antiferromagnetic state, and argue that the procedure can be applied to chains of trapped ions or Rydberg atoms.

  15. Dual Control of Giant Field-like Spin Torque in Spin Filter Tunnel Junctions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tang, Y.-H.; Chu, F.-C.; Kioussis, Nicholas

    2015-06-01

    We predict a giant field-like spin torque, , in spin-filter (SF) barrier tunnel junctions in sharp contrast to existing junctions based on nonmagnetic passive barriers. We demonstrate that has linear bias behavior, is independent of the SF thickness, and has odd parity with respect to the SF’s exchange splitting. Thus, it can be selectively controlled via external bias or external magnetic field which gives rise to sign reversal of via magnetic field switching. The underlying mechanism is the interlayer exchange coupling between the noncollinear magnetizations of the SF and free ferromagnetic electrode via the nonmagnetic insulating (I) spacer giving rise to giant spin-dependent reflection at the SF/I interface. These findings suggest that the proposed field-like-spin-torque MRAM may provide promising dual functionalities for both ‘reading’ and ‘writing’ processes which require lower critical current densities and faster writing and reading speeds.

  16. Dual Control of Giant Field-like Spin Torque in Spin Filter Tunnel Junctions

    PubMed Central

    Tang, Y. -H.; Chu, F. -C.; Kioussis, Nicholas

    2015-01-01

    We predict a giant field-like spin torque, , in spin-filter (SF) barrier tunnel junctions in sharp contrast to existing junctions based on nonmagnetic passive barriers. We demonstrate that has linear bias behavior, is independent of the SF thickness, and has odd parity with respect to the SF’s exchange splitting. Thus, it can be selectively controlled via external bias or external magnetic field which gives rise to sign reversal of via magnetic field switching. The underlying mechanism is the interlayer exchange coupling between the noncollinear magnetizations of the SF and free ferromagnetic electrode via the nonmagnetic insulating (I) spacer giving rise to giant spin-dependent reflection at the SF/I interface. These findings suggest that the proposed field-like-spin-torque MRAM may provide promising dual functionalities for both ‘reading’ and ‘writing’ processes which require lower critical current densities and faster writing and reading speeds. PMID:26095146

  17. Stars Can't Spin Out of Control (Artist's Animation)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2006-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site] Click on the image for QuickTime Movie of Stars Can't Spin Out of Control

    This artist's animation demonstrates how a dusty planet-forming disk can slow down a whirling young star, essentially saving the star from spinning itself to death. Evidence for this phenomenon comes from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope.

    The movie begins by showing a developing star (red ball). The star is basically a giant ball of gas that is collapsing onto itself. As it shrinks, it spins faster and faster, like a skater folding in his or her arms. The green lines represent magnetic fields.

    As gravity continues to pull matter inward, the star spins so fast, it starts to flatten out. The same principle applies to the planet Saturn, whose spin has caused it to be slightly squashed or oblate.

    A forming star can theoretically whip around fast enough to overcome gravity and flatten itself into a state where it can no longer become a full-fledged star. But stars don't spin out of control, possibly because swirling disks of dust slow them down. Such disks can be found orbiting young stars, and are filled with dust that might ultimately stick together to form planets.

    The second half of the animation demonstrates how a disk is thought to keep its star's speed in check. A developing star is shown twirling inside its disk. As it turns, its magnetic fields pass through the disk and get bogged down like a spoon in molasses. This locks the star's rotation to the slower-turning disk, so the star, while continuing to shrink, does not spin faster.

    Spitzer found evidence for star-slowing disks in a survey of nearly 500 forming stars in the Orion nebula. It observed that slowly spinning stars are five times more likely to host disks than rapidly spinning stars.

  18. Energy levels and decoherence properties of single electron and nuclear spins in a defect center in diamond

    E-print Network

    I. Popa; T. Gaebel; M. Domhan; C. Wittmann; F. Jelezko; J. Wrachtrup

    2004-09-12

    The coherent behavior of the single electron and single nuclear spins of a defect center in diamond and a 13C nucleus in its vicinity, respectively, are investigated. The energy levels associated with the hyperfine coupling of the electron spin of the defect center to the 13C nuclear spin are analyzed. Methods of magnetic resonance together with optical readout of single defect centers have been applied in order to observe the coherent dynamics of the electron and nuclear spins. Long coherence times, in the order of microseconds for electron spins and tens of microseconds for nuclear spins, recommend the studied system as a good experimental approach for implementing a 2-qubit gate.

  19. Optical control of a spin switch in the weak spin-orbit coupling limit

    SciTech Connect

    Sola, Ignacio R.; Gonzalez-Vazquez, Jesus; Malinovsky, Vladimir S.

    2006-10-15

    A method to optically control a dark transition, for instance, the coupling between different spin states, is proposed. The control is achieved by manipulating the direction, amplitude, and duration of dynamic Stark shifts. Laser-driven spin switches can be prepared by conveniently generalizing different optical techniques, such as {pi}-pulse schemes and adiabatic passage schemes. The efficiency and robustness of the schemes is analyzed for both two-level and multilevel systems, implying quantum state selective wave packet transfer between states of different multiplicity.

  20. Spin valleytronics in silicene: Quantum spin Hall-quantum anomalous Hall insulators and single-valley semimetals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ezawa, Motohiko

    2013-04-01

    Valley-based electronics, known as valleytronics, is one of the keys to breaking through to a new stage of electronics. The valley degree of freedom is ubiquitous in the honeycomb lattice system. The honeycomb lattice structure of silicon, called silicene, is a fascinating playground of valleytronics. We investigate topological phases of silicene by introducing different exchange fields on the A and B sites. There emerges a rich variety of topologically protected states, each of which has a characteristic spin-valley structure. The single Dirac-cone semimetal is such a state where one gap is closed while the other three gaps are open, evading the Nielsen-Ninomiya fermion-doubling problem. We have newly discovered a hybrid topological insulator named the quantum spin-quantum anomalous Hall insulator, where the quantum anomalous Hall effect occurs at one valley and the quantum spin Hall effect occurs at the other valley. Along its phase boundary, single-valley semimetals emerge, where only one of the two valleys is gapless with degenerated spins. These semimetals are also topologically protected because they appear in the interface of different topological insulators. Such a spin-valley-dependent physics will be observed by optical absorption or edge modes.

  1. Anisotropic interactions of a single spin and dark-spin spectroscopy in diamond

    E-print Network

    Loss, Daniel

    ­V defect pair, with trigonal symmetry6 , has an anisotropic electron-spin hamiltonian owing to spin A transition of the N­V centre is detected by means of non-resonant photoluminescence microscopy (see Methods). For example, Fig. 1b is a spatial image of the spectrally integrated photoluminescence from a diamond sample

  2. Lambda polarization and single-spin left-right asymmetry in diffractive hadron-hadron collisions

    E-print Network

    Zuo-tang Liang; C. Boros

    2000-01-31

    We discuss Lambda polarization and single-spin left-right asymmetry in diffractive hadron-hadron scattering at high energies. We show that the physical picture proposed in a recent Letter is consistent with the experimental observation that $\\Lambda$ polarization in the diffractive process, $pp\\to \\Lambda K^+p$, is much higher than that in the inclusive reaction, $pp\\to \\Lambda X$. We make predictions for the left-right asymmetry, A_N, and for the spin transfer, $D_{NN}^\\Lambda$, in the single-spin process $p(\\uparrow)p\\to \\Lambda K^+p$ and suggest further experimental tests of the proposed picture.

  3. Single-spin microscope with sub-nanoscale resolution based on optically detected magnetic resonance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berman, Gennady P.; Chernobrod, Boris M.

    2010-01-01

    Recently we proposed a new approach which potentially has single spin sensitivity, sub-nanometer spatial resolution, and ability to operate at room temperature (J. Appl. Phys. 97, 014903 (2005); U.S. Patent No. 7,305,869, 2007). In our approach a nanoscale photoluminescent center exhibits optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) in the vicinity of magnetic moment in the sample related with unpaired individual electron or nuclear spins, or ensemble of spins. We consider as a sensor material that exhibit ODMR properties nitrogen-vacancy (N-V) centers in diamond. N-V centers in diamond has serious advantage having extraordinary chemical and photostability, very long spin lifetimes, and ability single-spin detection at room temperature. The variety of possible scanning schemes has been considered. The potential application to 3D imaging of biological structure has been analyzed.

  4. Magnetic interaction between a radical spin and a single-molecule magnet in a molecular spin-valve.

    PubMed

    Urdampilleta, Matias; Klayatskaya, Svetlana; Ruben, Mario; Wernsdorfer, Wolfgang

    2015-04-28

    Molecular spintronics using single molecule magnets (SMMs) is a fast growing field of nanoscience that proposes to manipulate the magnetic and quantum information stored in these molecules. Herein we report evidence of a strong magnetic coupling between a metallic ion and a radical spin in one of the most extensively studied SMMs: the bis(phtalocyaninato)terbium(III) complex (TbPc2). For that we use an original multiterminal device comprising a carbon nanotube laterally coupled to the SMMs. The current through the device, sensitive to magnetic interactions, is used to probe the magnetization of a single Tb ion. Combining this electronic read-out with the transverse field technique has allowed us to measure the interaction between the terbium ion, its nuclear spin, and a single electron located on the phtalocyanine ligands. We show that the coupling between the Tb and this radical is strong enough to give extra resonances in the hysteresis loop that are not observed in the anionic form of the complex. The experimental results are then modeled by diagonalization of a three-spins Hamiltonian. This strong coupling offers perspectives for implementing nuclear and electron spin resonance techniques to perform basic quantum operations in TbPc2. PMID:25858088

  5. 3He spin filters for spherical neutron polarimetry at the hot neutrons single crystal diffractometer POLI-HEiDi

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hutanu, V.; Meven, M.; Masalovich, S.; Heger, G.; Roth, G.

    2011-06-01

    3D vector polarisation analysis called also SNP (Spherical Neutron Polarimetry) is a powerful method for the detailed investigation of complex magnetic structures. The precise control of the incoming and scattered neutron polarisations is essential for this technique. Here we show an instrumental setup, that was recently implemented on the new single crystal diffractometer POLI-HEiDi at the FRM II for performing SNP experiments using two 3He spin filters for the production and for the analysis of the neutron polarisation. The design and optimisation procedure for the used spin filter cells are presented. Methods for in-situ measurements of the incoming polarisation as well as the particularities of the using two spin filters and corrections for the time dependent relaxation are discussed. Statistical precision of 1% has been achieved for the measurements of the polarisation matrix under the real experimental conditions using described cells and applying proposed correction method for the data.

  6. Quantum-state tomography of a single nuclear spin qubit of an optically manipulated ytterbium atom

    SciTech Connect

    Noguchi, Atsushi; Kozuma, Mikio; Eto, Yujiro; Ueda, Masahito

    2011-09-15

    A single Yb atom is loaded into a high-finesse optical cavity with a moving lattice, and its nuclear spin state is manipulated using a nuclear magnetic resonance technique. A highly reliable quantum state control with fidelity and purity greater than 0.98 and 0.96, respectively, is confirmed by the full quantum state tomography; a projective measurement with high speed (500 {mu}s) and high efficiency (0.98) is accomplished using the cavity QED technique. Because a hyperfine coupling is induced only when the projective measurement is operational, the long coherence times (T{sub 1}=0.49 s and T{sub 2}=0.10 s) are maintained.

  7. Quantum State Engineering using Single Nuclear Spin Qubit of Optically Manipulated Ytterbium Atom

    E-print Network

    Atsushi Noguchi; Yujiro Eto; Masahito Ueda; Mikio Kozuma

    2011-01-12

    A single Yb atom is loaded into a high-finesse optical cavity with a moving lattice, and its nuclear spin state is manipulated using a nuclear magnetic resonance technique. A highly reliable quantum state control with fidelity and purity greater than 0.98 and 0.96, respectively, is confirmed by the full quantum state tomography; a projective measurement with high speed (500us) and high efficiency (0.98) is accomplished using the cavity QED technique. Because a hyperfine coupling is induced only when the projective measurement is operational, the long coherence times (T_1 = 0.49 s and T_2 = 0.10 s) are maintained. Our technique can be applied for implementing a scalable one-way quantum computation with a cluster state in an optical lattice.

  8. Controlling chemical reactions of a single particle

    E-print Network

    Lothar Ratschbacher; Christoph Zipkes; Carlo Sias; Michael Köhl

    2012-09-26

    The control of chemical reactions is a recurring theme in physics and chemistry. Traditionally, chemical reactions have been investigated by tuning thermodynamic parameters, such as temperature or pressure. More recently, physical methods such as laser or magnetic field control have emerged to provide completely new experimental possibilities, in particular in the realm of cold collisions. The control of reaction pathways is also a critical component to implement molecular quantum information processing. For these undertakings, single particles provide a clean and well-controlled experimental system. Here, we report on the experimental tuning of the exchange reaction rates of a single trapped ion with ultracold neutral atoms by exerting control over both their quantum states. We observe the influence of the hyperfine interaction on chemical reaction rates and branching ratios, and monitor the kinematics of the reaction products. These investigations advance chemistry with single trapped particles towards achieving quantum-limited control of chemical reactions and indicate limits for buffer gas cooling of single ion clocks.

  9. Technical Notes Single-Sensor Identification of Spinning

    E-print Network

    Huang, Xun

    , the number of microphones should be as large as possible to accurately decompose spinning modes. Up to 100 constitutes the main contribution of this paper. II. Background A. Motivation The most dominant noise source. The vortical flow in the rotor wakes impinges the stator surface, leading to the generation of noise, which

  10. One dimensional electron spin imaging for single spin detection and manipulation using a gradient field 

    E-print Network

    Shin, Chang-Seok

    2009-05-15

    the feasibility of fast spin manipulations at a low microwave power. Micrometer sized gradient coils, together with micrometer sized co-planar microstrip transmission lines, are designed and fabricated by optical lithography in order to produce the necessary high...

  11. Selective Excitation and Detection of Spin States in a Single Nanowire

    E-print Network

    Selective Excitation and Detection of Spin States in a Single Nanowire Quantum Dot Maarten H. M in a single InAs0.25P0.75 quantum dot embedded in an InP nanowire. By synthesizing clean quantum dots. The unprecedented material and design freedom makes semiconducting nanowires very attractive for novel opto

  12. All-Optical Sensing of a Single-Molecule Electron Spin A. O. Sushkov,,,

    E-print Network

    Walsworth, Ronald L.

    on shallow nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers near the surface of a diamond crystal, which we use to detect single paramagnetic molecules covalently attached to the diamond surface. The manipulation and readout of the NV of individual molecules. KEYWORDS: Nitrogen vacancy center, diamond, single-molecule spin, magnetometry, all

  13. Control of the spin geometric phase in semiconductor quantum rings

    PubMed Central

    Nagasawa, Fumiya; Frustaglia, Diego; Saarikoski, Henri; Richter, Klaus; Nitta, Junsaku

    2013-01-01

    Since the formulation of the geometric phase by Berry, its relevance has been demonstrated in a large variety of physical systems. However, a geometric phase of the most fundamental spin-1/2 system, the electron spin, has not been observed directly and controlled independently from dynamical phases. Here we report experimental evidence on the manipulation of an electron spin through a purely geometric effect in an InGaAs-based quantum ring with Rashba spin-orbit coupling. By applying an in-plane magnetic field, a phase shift of the Aharonov–Casher interference pattern towards the small spin-orbit-coupling regions is observed. A perturbation theory for a one-dimensional Rashba ring under small in-plane fields reveals that the phase shift originates exclusively from the modulation of a pure geometric-phase component of the electron spin beyond the adiabatic limit, independently from dynamical phases. The phase shift is well reproduced by implementing two independent approaches, that is, perturbation theory and non-perturbative transport simulations. PMID:24067870

  14. Exact solutions for time-optimal control of spin by NMR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shauro, Vitaly

    2015-07-01

    We consider the problem of time-optimal control of quadrupole nucleus with the spin by NMR. In contrast to the conventional methods based on selective pulses, the control is implemented using nonselective pulses separated by free-evolution intervals. Using the Cartan decomposition, the system of equations is obtained for finding parameters of a control field. Partial time-optimal solutions for the important single-qutrit gates (selective rotations and quantum Fourier transform) are found. The strong dependence of minimum gate implementation times on global phase of the gate is observed. The analytical values of minimum times are consistent with the numerical data.

  15. Exact solutions for time-optimal control of spin I=1 by NMR

    E-print Network

    V. P. Shauro

    2015-06-04

    We consider the problem of time-optimal control of quadrupole nucleus with the spin I=1 by NMR. In contrast to the conventional methods based on selective pulses, the control is implemented using nonselective pulses separated by free evolution intervals. Using the Cartan decomposition, the system of equations is obtained for finding parameters of a control field. Partial time-optimal solutions for the important single-qutrit gates (selective rotations and quantum Fourier transform) are found. The strong dependence of minimum gate implementation times on global phase of the gate is observed. The analytical values of minimum times are consistent with the numerical data.

  16. Generalized Momentum Control of the Spin-Stabilized Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) Formation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Benegalrao, Suyog; Queen, Steven; Shah, Neerav; Blackman, Kathleen

    2015-01-01

    Angular momentum control maneuvers required to keep spin-axis in science box. Traditional approach uses de-coupled modes for pointing, spin, nutation Impractical for MMS Frequency and Number of maneuvers (Orbit Control, Pointing, Nutation, Spin, four observatories, every 2-4 weeks). Difficult to implement de-coupled open-loop control with flexible wire booms. Desire a unified angular momentum controller. Comprehensively control pointing, spin, and nutation.

  17. Enhanced Spin Squeezing Through Quantum Control of Qudits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Norris, Leigh; Trail, Collin; Deutsch, Ivan; Jessen, Poul

    2012-10-01

    Spin squeezed states have applications in metrology and quantum information processing. Most spin squeezing research to date has focused on ensembles of qubit spins. We explore squeezed state production in an ensemble of spin f>1/2 alkali atoms (qudits). Collective interactions are achieved through coherent quantum feedback of a laser probe, interacting with the ensemble through Faraday interaction. This process is enhanced with control of the atomic qudits, both before and after the collective interaction. Initial preparation increases the collective squeezing parameter through enhancement of resolvable quantum fluctuations, but comes at the price of increased decoherence. We find an optimal state preparation, achieving an increased squeezing parameter while remaining robust to decoherence. After the collective interaction, qudit control maps generated entanglement to different pseudo-spin subspaces where it is metrologically useful, e.g., the clock transition or the stretched state for magnetometry. These considerations highlight the unique capabilities of our platform: we can transfer correlations between subspaces to explore a wider variety of nonclassical states, with ultimate application in sensors or quantum information processors.

  18. Enhanced Spin Squeezing Through Quantum Control of Qudits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Norris, Leigh; Trail, Collin; Jessen, Poul; Deutsch, Ivan

    2012-06-01

    Spin squeezed states have applications in metrology and quantum information processing. Most spin squeezing research to date has focused on ensembles of qubit spins. We explore squeezed state production in an ensemble of spin f>1/2 alkali atoms (qudits). Collective interactions are achieved through coherent quantum feedback of a laser probe, interacting with the ensemble through Faraday interaction. This process is enhanced with control of the atomic qudits, both before and after the collective interaction. Initial preparation increases the collective squeezing parameter through enhancement of resolvable quantum fluctuations, but comes at the price of increased decoherence. We find an optimal state preparation, achieving an increased squeezing parameter while remaining robust to decoherence. After the collective interaction, qudit control maps generated entanglement to different pseudo-spin subspaces where it is metrologically useful, e.g., the clock transition or the stretched state for magnetometry. These considerations highlight the unique capabilities of our platform: we can transfer correlations between subspaces to explore a wider variety of nonclassical states, with ultimate application in sensors or quantum information processors.

  19. Electrical tunability and optical control of valley and spin in WSe2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jones, Aaron; Yu, Hongyi; Ghimire, Nirmal; Zhao, Bo; Wu, Sanfeng; Aivazian, Grant; Ross, Jason; Liu, Guibin; Yan, Jiaqiang; Mandrus, David; Yao, Wang; Xiao, Di; Xu, Xiaodong

    2013-03-01

    Monolayer group VI transition metal dichalcogenides have enormous potential for use in nano- and optoelectronic applications due to their reduced dimensionality and direct bandgap in the visible wavelength range. Their hexagonal structure is graphene-like, but with strong spin-orbit coupling effects. The interesting coupled spin-valley physics has been investigated both theoretically and experimentally based on the single particle picture. Here we investigate the physical properties of valley excitons in monolayer field effect transistor devices via photoluminescence measurements. By tuning the chemical potential to control exciton species, we are able to investigate the optical selection rules, photo-excitation energy dependence, and temperature dependence of individual excitons. These studies reveal the fine structures of valley excitons due to the electron-electron interactions, electron-phonon interactions, and coupled spin-valley degrees of freedom, which are important for the potential application of valleytronics/spintronics based on monolayer semiconductors. We acknowledge support from NSF Early Career Award & GRFP.

  20. A brushless dc spin motor for momentum exchange altitude control

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stern, D.; Rosenlieb, J. W.

    1972-01-01

    Brushless dc spin motor is designed to use Hall effect probes as means of revolving rotor position and controlling motor winding currents. This results in 3 to 1 reduction in watt-hours required for wheel acceleration, a 2 to 1 reduction in power to run wheel, and a 10 to 1 reduction in the electronics size and weight.

  1. Fluorescence thermometry enhanced by the quantum coherence of single spins in diamond

    E-print Network

    David M. Toyli; Charles F. de las Casas; David J. Christle; Viatcheslav V. Dobrovitski; David D. Awschalom

    2013-05-08

    We demonstrate fluorescence thermometry techniques with sensitivities approaching 10 mK Hz^(-1/2) based on the spin-dependent photoluminescence of nitrogen vacancy (NV) centers in diamond. These techniques use dynamical decoupling protocols to convert thermally induced shifts in the NV center's spin resonance frequencies into large changes in its fluorescence. By mitigating interactions with nearby nuclear spins and facilitating selective thermal measurements, these protocols enhance the spin coherence times accessible for thermometry by 45x, corresponding to a 7x improvement in the NV center's temperature sensitivity. Moreover, we demonstrate these techniques can be applied over a broad temperature range and in both finite and near-zero magnetic field environments. This versatility suggests that the quantum coherence of single spins could be practically leveraged for sensitive thermometry in a wide variety of biological and microscale systems.

  2. Spin-orbit coupling and the static polarizability of single-wall carbon nanotubes

    SciTech Connect

    Diniz, Ginetom S. Ulloa, Sergio E.

    2014-07-14

    We calculate the static longitudinal polarizability of single-wall carbon tubes in the long wavelength limit taking into account spin-orbit effects. We use a four-orbital orthogonal tight-binding formalism to describe the electronic states and the random phase approximation to calculate the dielectric function. We study the role of both the Rashba as well as the intrinsic spin-orbit interactions on the longitudinal dielectric response, i.e., when the probing electric field is parallel to the nanotube axis. The spin-orbit interaction modifies the nanotube electronic band dispersions, which may especially result in a small gap opening in otherwise metallic tubes. The bandgap size and state features, the result of competition between Rashba and intrinsic spin-orbit interactions, result in drastic changes in the longitudinal static polarizability of the system. We discuss results for different nanotube types and the dependence on nanotube radius and spin-orbit couplings.

  3. Quantum Stirling heat engine and refrigerator with single and coupled spin systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Xiao-Li; Niu, Xin-Ya; Xiu, Xiao-Ming; Yi, Xue-Xi

    2014-02-01

    We study the reversible quantum Stirling cycle with a single spin or two coupled spins as the working substance. With the single spin as the working substance, we find that under certain conditions the reversed cycle of a heat engine is NOT a refrigerator, this feature holds true for a Stirling heat engine with an ion trapped in a shallow potential as its working substance. The efficiency of quantum Stirling heat engine can be higher than the efficiency of the Carnot engine, but the performance coefficient of the quantum Stirling refrigerator is always lower than its classical counterpart. With two coupled spins as the working substance, we find that a heat engine can turn to a refrigerator due to the increasing of the coupling constant, this can be explained by the properties of the isothermal line in the magnetic field-entropy plane.

  4. Single-spin asymmetries in inclusive DIS and in hadronic collisions

    SciTech Connect

    Metz, Andreas; Pitonyak, Daniel; Schaefer, Andreas; Zhou, Jian; Schlegel, Marc; Vogelsang, Werner

    2013-04-15

    Transverse single-spin asymmetries in inclusive deep inelastic lepton-nucleon scattering can be generated through multi-photon exchange between the leptonic and the hadronic part of the process. Here we consider two-photon exchange and mainly focus on the transverse target spin asymmetry. In particular, we investigate the case where two photons couple to different quarks. Such a contribution involves a quark-photon-quark correlator in the nucleon, which has a (modeldependent) relation to the Efremov-Teryaev-Qiu-Sterman quark-gluon-quark correlator T{sub F}. Using different parameterizations for T{sub F} we compute the transverse target spin asymmetries for both a proton and a neutron target and compare the results to recent experimental data. In addition, potential implications for our general understanding of single-spin asymmetries in hard scattering processes are discussed.

  5. Recent Results of Target Single-Spin Asymmetry Experiments at Jefferson Lab

    SciTech Connect

    Jiang, Xiaodong

    2013-08-01

    We report recent results from Jefferson Lab Hall A “Neutron Transversity” experiment (E06-010). Transversely polarized target single-spin asymmetry AUT and beam-target double-spin asymmetry A{sub LT} have been measured in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering (SIDIS) reactions on a polarized neutron ({sup 3}He) target. Collins-type and Sivers-type asymmetries have been extracted from A{sub UT} for charged pion SIDIS productions, which are sensitive to quark transversity and Sivers distributions, correspondingly. Double spin asymmetry A{sub LT} is sensitive to a specific quark transverse momentum dependent parton distribution (TMD), the so-called “ transverse helicity” (g{sub 1T} ) distributions. In addition, target single-spin asymmetries A{sub y} in inclusive electron scattering on a transversely polarized {sup 3}He target in quasi-elastic and deep inelastic kinematics were also measured in Hall A.

  6. Hyperon production mechanisms and single-spin asymmetry in high energy hadron-hadron collisions

    E-print Network

    C. Boros; Liang Zuo-tang

    1995-10-17

    It is shown that the existence of left-right asymmetry in single-spin inclusive Lambda production, together with the characteristic features of the data, should be considered as another clear signature for the existence of orbiting valence quarks in polarized nucleons. Predictions for other hyperons are made. It is pointed out that measurements of such asymmetries are very helpful not only for probing the spin structure of the nucleons but also for studying the production mechanisms of the hyperons.

  7. Generalized Momentum Control of the Spin-Stabilized Magnetospheric Multiscale Formation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Queen, Steven Z.; Shah, Neerav; Benegalrao, Suyog S.; Blackman, Kathie

    2015-01-01

    The Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission consists of four identically instrumented, spin-stabilized observatories elliptically orbiting the Earth in a tetrahedron formation. The on-board attitude control system adjusts the angular momentum of the system using a generalized thruster-actuated control system that simultaneously manages precession, nutation and spin. Originally developed using Lyapunov control-theory with rate-feedback, a published algorithm has been augmented to provide a balanced attitude/rate response using a single weighting parameter. This approach overcomes an orientation sign-ambiguity in the existing formulation, and also allows for a smoothly tuned-response applicable to both a compact/agile spacecraft, as well as one with large articulating appendages.

  8. Magnetic-field-induced quantum criticality in a spin- S planar ferromagnet with single-ion anisotropy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mercaldo, M. T.; Rabuffo, I.; De Cesare, L.; Caramico D'Auria, A.

    2013-08-01

    The effects of single-ion anisotropy on quantum criticality in a d-dimensional spin- S planar ferromagnet is explored by means of the two-time Green's function method. We work at the Tyablikov decoupling level for exchange interactions and the Anderson-Callen decoupling level for single-ion anisotropy. In our analysis a longitudinal external magnetic field is used as the non-thermal control parameter and the phase diagram and the quantum critical properties are established for suitable values of the single-ion anisotropy parameter D. We find that the single-ion anisotropy has sensible effects on the structure of the phase diagram close to the quantum critical point. However, for values of the uniaxial crystal-field parameter below a positive threshold, the conventional magnetic-field-induced quantum critical scenario remains unchanged.

  9. A coherent triggered search for single-spin compact binary coalescences in gravitational wave data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harry, I. W.; Fairhurst, S.

    2011-07-01

    In this paper, we present a method for conducting a coherent search for single-spin compact binary coalescences in gravitational wave data and compare this search to the existing coincidence method for single-spin searches. We propose a method to characterize the regions of the parameter space where the single-spin search, both coincident and coherent, will increase detection efficiency over the existing non-precessing search. We also show example results of the coherent search on a stretch of data from Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory's fourth science run, but note that a set of signal-based vetoes will be needed before this search can be run to try to make detections.

  10. Bimodal Latex Effect on Spin-Coated Thin Conductive Polymer-Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Layers.

    PubMed

    Moradi, Mohammad-Amin; Larrakoetxea Angoitia, Katalin; van Berkel, Stefan; Gnanasekaran, Karthikeyan; Friedrich, Heiner; Heuts, Johan P A; van der Schoot, Paul; van Herk, Alex M

    2015-11-10

    We synthesize two differently sized poly(methyl methacrylate-co-tert-butyl acrylate) latexes by emulsion polymerization and mix these with a sonicated single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) dispersion, in order to prepare 3% SWCNT composite mixtures. We spin-coat these mixtures at various spin-speed rates and spin times over a glass substrate, producing a thin, transparent, solid, conductive layer. Keeping the amount of SWCNTs constant, we vary the weight fraction of our smaller 30-nm latex particles relative to the larger 70-nm-sized ones. We find a maximum in the electrical conductivity up to 370 S/m as a function of the weight fraction of smaller particles, depending on the overall solid content, the spin speed, and the spin time. This maximum occurs at 3-5% of the smaller latex particles. We also find a more than 2-fold increase in conductivity parallel to the radius of spin-coating than perpendicular to it. Atomic force microscopy points at the existence of lanes of latex particles in the spin-coated thin layer, while large-area transmission electron microscopy demonstrates that the SWCNTs are aligned over a grid fixed on the glass substrate during the spin-coating process. We extract the conductivity distribution on the surface of the thin film and translate this into the direction of the SWCNTs in it. PMID:26491888

  11. Time evolution of a single spin inhomogeneously coupled to an interacting spin environment

    E-print Network

    Kais, Sabre

    with a certain speed. The effect of varying the anisotropic parameter, external magnetic field, and temperature the spins in the environment J. The decoherence time varies significantly based on the relative coupling are of the same order J J but converts to exponential and then a power law as we move to the regimes of J J and J

  12. Digital atom interferometer with single particle control on a discretized space-time geometry

    PubMed Central

    Steffen, Andreas; Alberti, Andrea; Alt, Wolfgang; Belmechri, Noomen; Hild, Sebastian; Karski, Micha?; Widera, Artur; Meschede, Dieter

    2012-01-01

    Engineering quantum particle systems, such as quantum simulators and quantum cellular automata, relies on full coherent control of quantum paths at the single particle level. Here we present an atom interferometer operating with single trapped atoms, where single particle wave packets are controlled through spin-dependent potentials. The interferometer is constructed from a sequence of discrete operations based on a set of elementary building blocks, which permit composing arbitrary interferometer geometries in a digital manner. We use this modularity to devise a space-time analogue of the well-known spin echo technique, yielding insight into decoherence mechanisms. We also demonstrate mesoscopic delocalization of single atoms with a separation-to-localization ratio exceeding 500; this result suggests their utilization beyond quantum logic applications as nano-resolution quantum probes in precision measurements, being able to measure potential gradients with precision 5 × 10-4 in units of gravitational acceleration g. PMID:22665771

  13. Flexible coherent control of plasmonic spin-Hall effect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiao, Shiyi; Zhong, Fan; Liu, Hui; Zhu, Shining; Li, Jensen

    2015-09-01

    The surface plasmon polariton is an emerging candidate for miniaturizing optoelectronic circuits. Recent demonstrations of polarization-dependent splitting using metasurfaces, including focal-spot shifting and unidirectional propagation, allow us to exploit the spin degree of freedom in plasmonics. However, further progress has been hampered by the inability to generate more complicated and independent surface plasmon profiles for two incident spins, which work coherently together for more flexible and tunable functionalities. Here by matching the geometric phases of the nano-slots on silver to specific superimpositions of the inward and outward surface plasmon profiles for the two spins, arbitrary spin-dependent orbitals can be generated in a slot-free region. Furthermore, motion pictures with a series of picture frames can be assembled and played by varying the linear polarization angle of incident light. This spin-enabled control of orbitals is potentially useful for tip-free near-field scanning microscopy, holographic data storage, tunable plasmonic tweezers, and integrated optical components.

  14. Flexible coherent control of plasmonic spin-Hall effect.

    PubMed

    Xiao, Shiyi; Zhong, Fan; Liu, Hui; Zhu, Shining; Li, Jensen

    2015-01-01

    The surface plasmon polariton is an emerging candidate for miniaturizing optoelectronic circuits. Recent demonstrations of polarization-dependent splitting using metasurfaces, including focal-spot shifting and unidirectional propagation, allow us to exploit the spin degree of freedom in plasmonics. However, further progress has been hampered by the inability to generate more complicated and independent surface plasmon profiles for two incident spins, which work coherently together for more flexible and tunable functionalities. Here by matching the geometric phases of the nano-slots on silver to specific superimpositions of the inward and outward surface plasmon profiles for the two spins, arbitrary spin-dependent orbitals can be generated in a slot-free region. Furthermore, motion pictures with a series of picture frames can be assembled and played by varying the linear polarization angle of incident light. This spin-enabled control of orbitals is potentially useful for tip-free near-field scanning microscopy, holographic data storage, tunable plasmonic tweezers, and integrated optical components. PMID:26415636

  15. Flexible coherent control of plasmonic spin-Hall effect

    PubMed Central

    Xiao, Shiyi; Zhong, Fan; Liu, Hui; Zhu, Shining; Li, Jensen

    2015-01-01

    The surface plasmon polariton is an emerging candidate for miniaturizing optoelectronic circuits. Recent demonstrations of polarization-dependent splitting using metasurfaces, including focal-spot shifting and unidirectional propagation, allow us to exploit the spin degree of freedom in plasmonics. However, further progress has been hampered by the inability to generate more complicated and independent surface plasmon profiles for two incident spins, which work coherently together for more flexible and tunable functionalities. Here by matching the geometric phases of the nano-slots on silver to specific superimpositions of the inward and outward surface plasmon profiles for the two spins, arbitrary spin-dependent orbitals can be generated in a slot-free region. Furthermore, motion pictures with a series of picture frames can be assembled and played by varying the linear polarization angle of incident light. This spin-enabled control of orbitals is potentially useful for tip-free near-field scanning microscopy, holographic data storage, tunable plasmonic tweezers, and integrated optical components. PMID:26415636

  16. Rare-Earth Triangular Lattice Spin Liquid: A Single-Crystal Study of YbMgGaO4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Yuesheng; Chen, Gang; Tong, Wei; Pi, Li; Liu, Juanjuan; Yang, Zhaorong; Wang, Xiaoqun; Zhang, Qingming

    2015-10-01

    YbMgGaO4 , a structurally perfect two-dimensional triangular lattice with an odd number of electrons per unit cell and spin-orbit entangled effective spin-1 /2 local moments for the Yb3 + ions, is likely to experimentally realize the quantum spin liquid ground state. We report the first experimental characterization of single-crystal YbMgGaO4 samples. Because of the spin-orbit entanglement, the interaction between the neighboring Yb3 + moments depends on the bond orientations and is highly anisotropic in the spin space. We carry out thermodynamic and the electron spin resonance measurements to confirm the anisotropic nature of the spin interaction as well as to quantitatively determine the couplings. Our result is a first step towards the theoretical understanding of the possible quantum spin liquid ground state in this system and sheds new light on the search for quantum spin liquids in strong spin-orbit coupled insulators.

  17. Soft-Fermion-Pole Mechanism to Single Spin Asymmetry in Hadronic Pion Production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koike, Yuji; Tomita, Tetsuya

    2009-08-01

    Single spin asymmetry (SSA) is a twist-3 observable in the collinear factorization approach. We present a twist-3 single-spin-dependent cross section formula for the pion production in pp-collision, p?p??X, relevant to RHIC experiments. In particular, we calculate the soft-fermion-pole (SFP) contribution to the cross section from the quark-gluon correlation functions. We show that its effect can be as large as the soft-gluon-pole (SGP) contribution owing to the large SFP partonic hard cross section, even though the derivative of the SFP function does not participate in the cross section.

  18. Soft-Fermion-Pole Mechanism to Single Spin Asymmetry in Hadronic Pion Production

    SciTech Connect

    Koike, Yuji; Tomita, Tetsuya

    2009-08-04

    Single spin asymmetry (SSA) is a twist-3 observable in the collinear factorization approach. We present a twist-3 single-spin-dependent cross section formula for the pion production in pp-collision, p{sup a}rrow upp->piX, relevant to RHIC experiments. In particular, we calculate the soft-fermion-pole (SFP) contribution to the cross section from the quark-gluon correlation functions. We show that its effect can be as large as the soft-gluon-pole (SGP) contribution owing to the large SFP partonic hard cross section, even though the derivative of the SFP function does not participate in the cross section.

  19. Single scale cluster expansions with applications to many Boson and unbounded spin systems

    SciTech Connect

    Lohmann, Martin

    2015-06-15

    We develop a cluster expansion to show exponential decay of correlations for quite general single scale spin systems, as they arise in lattice quantum field theory and discretized functional integral representations for observables of quantum statistical mechanics. We apply our results to the small field approximation to the coherent state correlation functions of the grand canonical Bose gas at negative chemical potential, constructed by Balaban et al. [Ann. Henri Poincaré 11, 151–350 (2010c)], and to N component unbounded spin systems with repulsive two body interaction and massive, possibly complex, covariance. Our cluster expansion is derived by a single application of the Brydges-Kennedy-Abdesselam-Rivasseau interpolation formula.

  20. Numerical simulation of a Controlled-Controlled-Not (CCN) quantum gate in a chain of three interacting nuclear spins system

    E-print Network

    Gustavo V. Lopez; Lorena Lara

    2006-08-28

    We present the study of a quantum Controlled-Controlled-Not gate, implemented in a chain of three nuclear spins weakly Ising interacting between all of them, that is, taking into account first and second neighbor spin interactions. This implementation is done using a single resonant $\\pi$-pulse on the initial state of the system (digital and superposition). The fidelity parameter is used to determine the behavior of the CCN quantum gate as a function of the ratio of the second neighbor interaction coupling constant to the first neighbor interaction coupling constant ($J'/J$). We found that for $J'/J\\ge 0.02$ we can have a well defined CCN quantum gate.

  1. Nanoscale microwave imaging with a single electron spin in diamond

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Appel, Patrick; Ganzhorn, Marc; Neu, Elke; Maletinsky, Patrick

    2015-11-01

    We report on imaging of microwave (MW) magnetic fields using a magnetometer based on the electron spin of a nitrogen vacancy (NV) center in diamond. We quantitatively image the magnetic field generated by high frequency (GHz) MW current with nanoscale resolution using a scanning probe technique. Together with a shot noise limited MW magnetic field sensitivity of 680 nT Hz?1/2 our room temperature experiments establish the NV center as a versatile and high performance tool for MW imaging, which furthermore offers polarization selectivity and broadband capabilities. As a first application of this scanning MW detector, we image the MW stray field around a stripline structure and thereby locally determine the MW current density with a MW current sensitivity of a few nA Hz?1/2.

  2. Electrically controllable spin conductance of zigzag silicene nanoribbons in the presence of anti-ferromagnetic exchange field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pournaghavi, Nezhat; Esmaeilzadeh, Mahdi; Ahmadi, Somaieh; Farokhnezhad, Mohsen

    2016-01-01

    We study spin-dependent electron transport properties of zigzag silicene nanoribbons in the presence of anti-ferromagnetic exchange field using a nonequilibrium Green's function method. Applying a transverse electric field, spin splitting can take place and the silicene nanoribbon can work as a spin filter. The spin polarization is calculated and it is shown that the spin filtering is perfect and the spin states of electrons are fully coherent. The spin direction of transmitted electrons through the silicene filter can be easily controlled by changing the transverse electric field direction. Using Hubbard model, we take into account the electron-electron interaction and we find that although this interaction causes some changes in the electron conductance, it has no destructive effect on spin filtering properties. The effect of a single vacancy on electron transport is also investigated and it is found that, the vacancy causes to decrease the electron conductance; however, the spin-dependent properties remain the same. The vacancy in the near of the edges of nanoribbon has less destructive effect on electron conductance than that in the middle.

  3. Sensing remote nuclear spins

    E-print Network

    Zhao, Nan; Schmid, Berhard; Isoya, Junichi; Markham, Mathew; Twitchen, Daniel; Jelezko, Fedor; Liu, Ren-Bao; Fedder, Helmut; Wrachtrup, Jörg

    2012-01-01

    Sensing single nuclear spins is a central challenge in magnetic resonance based imaging techniques. Although different methods and especially diamond defect based sensing and imaging techniques in principle have shown sufficient sensitivity, signals from single nuclear spins are usually too weak to be distinguished from background noise. Here, we present the detection and identification of remote single C-13 nuclear spins embedded in nuclear spin baths surrounding a single electron spins of a nitrogen-vacancy centre in diamond. With dynamical decoupling control of the centre electron spin, the weak magnetic field ~10 nT from a single nuclear spin located ~3 nm from the centre with hyperfine coupling as weak as ~500 Hz is amplified and detected. The quantum nature of the coupling is confirmed and precise position and the vector components of the nuclear field are determined. Given the distance over which nuclear magnetic fields can be detected the technique marks a firm step towards imaging, detecting and cont...

  4. Electrical control of the spin-flip rate of an exciton in a semiconductor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Warburton, Richard

    2005-03-01

    At the heart of the Kondo effect is a tunneling process in which a localised electron is exchanged with an electron in a Fermi sea. This process can flip the spin of the localised electron. We present here a novel application of this concept to an exciton, an electron-hole complex, in a quantum dot. By determining the temporal emission characteristics of a single self-assembled quantum dot, we show that the exciton spin can be reversed through an electron exchange with a Fermi sea in a neighboring n-doped layer. A very significant point is that the exciton spin flip completely changes the radiative properties of the exciton, either from dark to bright or from bright to dark. We can control the rate of the spin flip to be either much larger or much smaller than the radiative recombination rate of the bright exction simply with the voltage applied to the gate of our device. Calculations based on the Anderson Hamiltonian give excellent agreement with the experimental results. Our work has important consequences in two areas. First, the effect corresponds to the high temperature Kondo regime, motivating the possibility of observing a Kondo exciton in a semiconductor nanostructure for the first time. Secondly, the effect offers a way of manipulating the dark exciton and therefore a means of exploiting its long lifetime and long spin coherence time in quantum information processing.

  5. Full control of the spin-wave damping in a magnetic insulator using spin orbit torque

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klein, Olivier

    2015-03-01

    The spin-orbit interaction (SOI) has been an interesting and useful addition in the field of spintronics by opening it to non-metallic magnet. It capitalizes on adjoining a strong SOI normal metal next to a thin magnetic layer. The SOI converts a charge current, Jc, into a spin current, Js, with an efficiency parametrized by ?SH, the spin Hall angle. An important benefit of the SOI is that Jc and Js are linked through a cross-product, allowing a charge current flowing in-plane to produce a spin current flowing out-of-plane. Hence it enables the transfer of spin angular momentum to non-metallic materials and in particular to insulating oxides, which offer improved performance compared to their metallic counterparts. Among all oxides, Yttrium Iron Garnet (YIG) holds a special place for having the lowest known spin-wave (SW) damping factor. Until recently the transmission of spin current through the YIG|Pt interface has been subject to debate. While numerous experiments have reported that Js produced by the excitation of ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) in YIG can cross efficiently the YIG|Pt interface and be converted into Jc in Pt through the inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE), most attempts to observe the reciprocal effect, where Js produced in Pt by the direct spin Hall effect (SHE) is transferred to YIG, resulting in damping compensation, have failed. This has been raising fundamental questions about the reciprocity of the spin transparency of the interface between a metal and a magnetic insulator. In this talk it will be demonstrated that the threshold current for damping compensation can be reached in a 5 ?m diameter YIG(20nm)|Pt(7nm) disk. Reduction of both the thickness and lateral size of a YIG-structure were key to reach the microwave generation threshold current, Jc*. The experimental evidence rests upon the measurement of the ferromagnetic resonance linewidth as a function of Idc using a magnetic resonance force microscope (MRFM). It is shwon that the magnetic losses of spin-wave modes existing in the magnetic insulator can be reduced or enhanced by at least a factor of five depending on the polarity and intensity of the in-plane dc current, Idc. Complete compensation of the damping of the fundamental mode by spin-orbit torque is reached for a current density of ~ 3 .1011 A.m-2, in agreement with theoretical predictions. At this critical threshold the MRFM detects a small change of static magnetization, a behavior consistent with the onset of an auto-oscillation regime. This result opens up a new area of research on the electronic control of the damping of YIG-nanostructures.

  6. Circuit-quantum electrodynamics with direct magnetic coupling to single-atom spin qubits in isotopically enriched {sup 28}Si

    SciTech Connect

    Tosi, Guilherme Mohiyaddin, Fahd A.; Morello, Andrea; Huebl, Hans

    2014-08-15

    Recent advances in silicon nanofabrication have allowed the manipulation of spin qubits that are extremely isolated from noise sources, being therefore the semiconductor equivalent of single atoms in vacuum. We investigate the possibility of directly coupling an electron spin qubit to a superconducting resonator magnetic vacuum field. By using resonators modified to increase the vacuum magnetic field at the qubit location, and isotopically purified {sup 28}Si substrates, it is possible to achieve coupling rates faster than the single spin dephasing. This opens up new avenues for circuit-quantum electrodynamics with spins, and provides a pathway for dispersive read-out of spin qubits via superconducting resonators.

  7. Ultrafast spin-motion entanglement and interferometry in single atomic qubits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Senko, Crystal; Mizrahi, Jonathan; Campbell, Wesley C.; Johnson, Kale G.; Conover, Charles W. S.; Monroe, Christopher

    2012-06-01

    We report entanglement between the hyperfine spin state and motional dynamics of a single atom on a timescale of 15 ns. We extract single pulses from a picosecond mode-locked laser and split them into short pulse trains tailored to create the desired spectrum by tuning the relative delays and frequency shifts appropriately. The resulting interaction imparts a momentum transfer of 2k to each of the two spin states in opposite directions. We apply pairs of momentum kicks to create an interferometer and probe the collapse and revival of spin coherence as the motional wavepacket is split and recombined. This technique holds promise for applications such as interferometry [1] and scalable entangling gates [2,3]. [4pt] [1] J.F. Poyatos et al., PRA 54, 1532 (1996)[0pt] [2] J.J. Garcia-Ripoll et al., PRL 91, 157901 (2003)[0pt] [3] L.-M. Duan, PRL 93, 100502 (2004).

  8. Shot noise as a probe of spin-polarized transport through single atoms.

    PubMed

    Burtzlaff, Andreas; Weismann, Alexander; Brandbyge, Mads; Berndt, Richard

    2015-01-01

    Single atoms on Au(111) surfaces have been contacted with the Au tip of a low temperature scanning tunneling microscope. The shot noise of the current through these contacts has been measured up to frequencies of 120 kHz and Fano factors have been determined to characterize the transport channels. The noise at Fe and Co atoms, the latter displaying a Kondo effect, indicates spin-polarized transport through a single channel. Transport calculations reproduce this observation. PMID:25615489

  9. Strong mechanical driving of a single electron spin

    E-print Network

    Barfuss, A.; Teissier, J.; Neu, E.; Nunnenkamp, A.; Maletinsky, P.

    2015-08-03

    . Jacques for fruitful discussions, P. Appel for initial assistance with nanofab- rication and L. Thiel for support with the experiment control software. We gratefully ac- knowledge financial support from SNI; NCCR QSIT; SNF grants 200021 143697; and EU FP7...

  10. Control phase shift of spin-wave by spin-polarized current and its application in logic gates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Xiangxu; Wang, Qi; Liao, Yulong; Tang, Xiaoli; Zhang, Huaiwu; Zhong, Zhiyong

    2015-11-01

    We proposed a new ways to control the phase shift of propagating spin waves by applying a local spin-polarized current on ferromagnetic stripe. Micromagnetic simulation showed that a phase shift of about ? can be obtained by designing appropriate width and number of pinned magnetic layers. The ways can be adopted in a Mach-Zehnder-type interferometer structure to fulfill logic NOT gates based on spin waves.

  11. Production mechanisms and single-spin asymmetry for kaons in high energy hadron-hadron collisions

    E-print Network

    C. Boros; Liang Zuo-tang; Meng Ta-chung

    1996-03-05

    Direct consequences on kaon production of the picture proposed in a recent Letter and subsequent publications are discussed. Further evidence supporting the proposed picture is obtained. Comparison with the data for the inclusive cross sections in unpolarized reactions is made. Quantitative results for the left-right asymmetry in single-spin processes are presented.

  12. 1020 MHz single-channel proton fast magic angle spinning solid-state NMR spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pandey, Manoj Kumar; Zhang, Rongchun; Hashi, Kenjiro; Ohki, Shinobu; Nishijima, Gen; Matsumoto, Shinji; Noguchi, Takashi; Deguchi, Kenzo; Goto, Atsushi; Shimizu, Tadashi; Maeda, Hideaki; Takahashi, Masato; Yanagisawa, Yoshinori; Yamazaki, Toshio; Iguchi, Seiya; Tanaka, Ryoji; Nemoto, Takahiro; Miyamoto, Tetsuo; Suematsu, Hiroto; Saito, Kazuyoshi; Miki, Takashi; Ramamoorthy, Ayyalusamy; Nishiyama, Yusuke

    2015-12-01

    This study reports a first successful demonstration of a single channel proton 3D and 2D high-throughput ultrafast magic angle spinning (MAS) solid-state NMR techniques in an ultra-high magnetic field (1020 MHz) NMR spectrometer comprised of HTS/LTS magnet. High spectral resolution is well demonstrated.

  13. Ferromagnetic spin-glass behaviour in single-crystalline U2 IrSi3.

    PubMed

    Szlawska, M; Majewicz, M; Kaczorowski, D

    2014-03-26

    A single crystal of the U-based ternary silicide U(2)IrSi(3) was investigated by means of magnetic, resistivity and heat-capacity measurements performed in wide ranges of temperature and external magnetic fields. The results hint at the formation of a non-trivial magnetic ground state in which ferromagnetic ordering coexists with spin-glass freezing. PMID:24594881

  14. Enhanced Spin Squeezing in Atomic Ensembles via Control of the Internal Spin States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shojaee, Ezad; Norris, Leigh; Baragiola, Ben; Montano, Enrique; Hemmer, Daniel; Jessen, Poul; Deutsch, Ivan

    2015-05-01

    Abstract: We study the process by which the collective spin squeezing of an ensemble of Cesium atoms is enhanced by control of the internal spin state of the atoms. By increasing the initial atomic projection noise, one can enhance the Faraday interaction that entangles the atoms with a probe. The light acts as a quantum bus for creating atom-atom entanglement via measurement backaction. Further control can be used to transfer this entanglement to metrologically useful squeezing. We numerically simulate this protocol by a stochastic master equation, including QND measurement and optical pumping, which accounts for decoherence and transfer of coherences between magnetic sub-levels. We study the tradeoff between the enhanced entangling interaction and increased rates of decoherence for different initial state preparations. Under realistic conditions, we find that we can achieve squeezing with a ``CAT-State'' superpostion |F = 4, Mz = 4> + |F, Mz = -4> of ~ 9.9 dB and for the spin coherent state |F = 4, Mx = 4> of ~ 7.5 dB. The increased entanglement enabled by the CAT state preparation is partially, but not completely reduced by the increased fragility to decoherence. National Science Foundation.

  15. Controllable spin-charge transport in strained graphene nanoribbon devices

    SciTech Connect

    Diniz, Ginetom S. Guassi, Marcos R.; Qu, Fanyao

    2014-09-21

    We theoretically investigate the spin-charge transport in two-terminal device of graphene nanoribbons in the presence of a uniform uniaxial strain, spin-orbit coupling, exchange field, and smooth staggered potential. We show that the direction of applied strain can efficiently tune strain-strength induced oscillation of band-gap of armchair graphene nanoribbon (AGNR). It is also found that electronic conductance in both AGNR and zigzag graphene nanoribbon (ZGNR) oscillates with Rashba spin-orbit coupling akin to the Datta-Das field effect transistor. Two distinct strain response regimes of electronic conductance as function of spin-orbit couplings magnitude are found. In the regime of small strain, conductance of ZGNR presents stronger strain dependence along the longitudinal direction of strain. Whereas for high values of strain shows larger effect for the transversal direction. Furthermore, the local density of states shows that depending on the smoothness of the staggered potential, the edge states of AGNR can either emerge or be suppressed. These emerging states can be determined experimentally by either spatially scanning tunneling microscope or by scanning tunneling spectroscopy. Our findings open up new paradigms of manipulation and control of strained graphene based nanostructure for application on novel topological quantum devices.

  16. On the control of spin flop in synthetic antiferromagnetic films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Negulescu, B.; Lacour, D.; Hehn, M.; Gerken, A.; Paul, J.; Duret, C.

    2011-05-01

    The paper presents a systematic study of anneal induced anisotropies in a CoFe/Ru/CoFe synthetic antiferromagnet (SAF) exchange coupled with an IrMn film. When the annealing is done with the SAF in a spin flop state, the magnetic layers can be pinned perpendicular to the annealing field direction. The main parameters controlling this process are identified and analyzed: the value and the direction of the annealing field along with the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida coupling energy between the two ferromagnetic layers. The induced anisotropy is predicted within a theoretical model taking into account the thermal variation of the coupling constants. Finally, the spin flop annealing is used to orthogonally pin the reference and the detection electrodes in an IrMn/CoFe/Ru/CoFe/Cu/CoFe/IrMn spin valve structure. The magnetoresistance variation in this structure is analyzed as a function of the pinning direction of the SAF acquired during the annealing in the spin flop state. A very good agreement is observed between the experimental and theoretically predicted responses.

  17. Quantum optical control of spins and excitons in semiconductor quantum dots

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Pochung

    In this dissertation we present a theory of quantum optical control of spins and excitons in semiconductor quantum dots. Energy structure and optical selection rules of multi-excitons in a semiconductor quantum dot are constructed from a microscopic model. The effect of the electron-hole exchange interaction is discussed. Nonlinear coherent optical effects in a single quantum dot are investigated. A general theory is developed to calculate non-perturbatively the cross-polarized and the co-polarized pump-probe spectra as a function of laser intensity. Aulter-Towners configuration is proposed to be the best scenario to observe the onset of Rabi splitting. This is the prerequisite for performing the Rabi rotation in the multi-exciton space. A theory of fast quantum optical control of exciton dynamics in quantum dots is investigated. The concept of the optimal control is proposed. Pulse design using the average Hamiltonian method and the numerical method is explored. It is shown that by using the shaped-pulses the operation time can be reduced by an order of magnitude. Natural gates instead of the conventional universal quantum gates are used to reduce the number of quantum gates needed for any quantum algorithm. Pulse sequences for the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm and the quantum Fourier transform are designed explicitly to illustrate the concept of optimal control. Quantum trajectories method is used to simulate the dynamics of the quantum computer including the decoherence process. It is shown that the quantum algorithm can be finished within the decoherence time of the system with high fidelity. To explore the control of single electron spin in quantum dots, adiabatic Raman transition via single ? system is extended to perform arbitrary spin rotations in a single charged quantum dot. Adiabatic condition is discussed. Extension to other ? system is explored. To couple and control the spins localized in neighboring quantum dots, a theory of optical RKKY interaction is developed. This indirect interaction is mediated by the photoexcited delocalized electron-hole pairs or excitons. The general formula and the numerical value of the effective exchange constant are presented. Application to quantum computation is discussed.

  18. Dynamics and Control of a Quasi-1D Spin System

    E-print Network

    Paola Cappellaro; Chandrasekhar Ramanathan; David G. Cory

    2007-06-04

    We study experimentally a system comprised of linear chains of spin-1/2 nuclei that provides a test-bed for multi-body dynamics and quantum information processing. This system is a paradigm for a new class of quantum information devices that can perform particular tasks even without universal control of the whole quantum system. We investigate the extent of control achievable on the system with current experimental apparatus and methods to gain information on the system state, when full tomography is not possible and in any case highly inefficient.

  19. Enhancement of the electron spin resonance of single-walled carbon nanotubes by oxygen removal.

    PubMed

    Rice, William D; Weber, Ralph T; Leonard, Ashley D; Tour, James M; Nikolaev, Pavel; Arepalli, Sivaram; Berka, Vladimir; Tsai, Ah-Lim; Kono, Junichiro

    2012-03-27

    We have observed a nearly 4-fold increase in the electron spin resonance (ESR) signal from an ensemble of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) due to oxygen desorption. By performing temperature-dependent ESR spectroscopy both before and after thermal annealing, we found that the ESR in SWCNTs can be reversibly altered via the molecular oxygen content in the samples. Independent of the presence of adsorbed oxygen, a Curie law (spin susceptibility ? 1/T) is seen from ~4 to 300 K, indicating that the probed spins are finite-level species. For both the pre-annealed and post-annealed sample conditions, the ESR line width decreased as the temperature was increased, a phenomenon we identify as motional narrowing. From the temperature dependence of the line width, we extracted an estimate of the intertube hopping energy; for both sample conditions, we found this hopping energy to be ~1.2 meV. Since the spin hopping energy changes only slightly when oxygen is desorbed, we conclude that only the spin susceptibility, not spin transport, is affected by the presence of physisorbed molecular oxygen in SWCNT ensembles. Surprisingly, no line width change is observed when the amount of oxygen in the SWCNT sample is altered, contrary to other carbonaceous systems and certain 1D conducting polymers. We hypothesize that physisorbed molecular oxygen acts as an acceptor (p-type), compensating the donor-like (n-type) defects that are responsible for the ESR signal in bulk SWCNTs. PMID:22324937

  20. Sub-optical resolution of single spins using magnetic resonance imaging at room temperature in diamond

    E-print Network

    Chang Shin; Changdong Kim; Roman Kolesov; Gopalakrishnan Balasubramanian; Fedor Jelezko; Jörg Wrachtrup; Philip R. Hemmer

    2010-03-29

    There has been much recent interest in extending the technique of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) down to the level of single spins with sub-optical wavelength resolution. However, the signal to noise ratio for images of individual spins is usually low and this necessitates long acquisition times and low temperatures to achieve high resolution. An exception to this is the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) color center in diamond whose spin state can be detected optically at room temperature. Here we apply MRI to magnetically equivalent NV spins in order to resolve them with resolution well below the optical wavelength of the readout light. In addition, using a microwave version of MRI we achieved a resolution that is 1/270 size of the coplanar striplines, which define the effective wavelength of the microwaves that were used to excite the transition. This technique can eventually be extended to imaging of large numbers of NVs in a confocal spot and possibly to image nearby dark spins via their mutual magnetic interaction with the NV spin.

  1. Spin-1 atoms in optical superlattices: Single-atom tunneling and entanglement

    SciTech Connect

    Wagner, Andreas; Bruder, Christoph; Demler, Eugene

    2011-12-15

    We examine spinor Bose-Einstein condensates in optical superlattices theoretically using a Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonian that takes spin effects into account. Assuming that a small number of spin-1 bosons is loaded in an optical potential, we study single-particle tunneling that occurs when one lattice site is ramped up relative to a neighboring site. Spin-dependent effects modify the tunneling events in a qualitative and quantitative way. Depending on the asymmetry of the double well, different types of magnetic order occur, making the system of spin-1 bosons in an optical superlattice a model for mesoscopic magnetism. We use a double-well potential as a unit cell for a one-dimensional superlattice. Homogeneous and inhomogeneous magnetic fields are applied, and the effects of the linear and the quadratic Zeeman shifts are examined. We also investigate the bipartite entanglement between the sites and construct states of maximal entanglement. The entanglement in our system is due to both orbital and spin degrees of freedom. We calculate the contribution of orbital and spin entanglements and show that the sum of these two terms gives a lower bound for the total entanglement.

  2. Stability of spin-electric coupling in triangular single-molecule magnets under external contacts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Islam, Fhokrul; Nossa, Javier; Canali, Carlo; Pederson, Mark

    2015-03-01

    Triangular single molecule magnets (SMMs) with antiferromagnetic exchange coupling exhibit Kramer degenerate chiral spin-doublets ground states, which can be efficiently coupled by an electric field, even in the absence of spin-orbit interaction. Recent first-principles calculations show that unsupported V3 SMM has giant spin-electric coupling corresponding to dipole moment of about one tenth of the water-molecule dipole moment. The corresponding Rabi time for electric switching between two chiral states can be on the order of one nano-second for reasonable electric fields, which makes these molecules very attractive candidates for storing and manipulating pairs of coupled spin-chiral qbits. However, for device applications of the spin-electric coupling, these frustrated SMMs need to be supported on a surface or between metallic leads. Preserving this effect in an external environment is a challenging problem requiring appropriate functionalization. In this talk we will discuss the stability of the spin-electric coupling in V3 SMM when coupled to gold leads or deposited on a graphene surface.

  3. Controlled synthesis of single-crystalline graphene

    SciTech Connect

    Xueshen, Wang Jinjin, Li Qing, Zhong; Yuan, Zhong; Mengke, Zhao; Yonggang, Liu

    2014-03-15

    This paper reports the controlled synthesis of single-crystalline graphene on the back side of copper foil using CH{sub 4} as the precursor. The influence of growth time and the pressure ratio of CH{sub 4}/H{sub 2} on the structure of graphene are examined. An optimized polymer-assisted method is used to transfer the synthesized graphene onto a SiO{sub 2}/Si substrate. Scanning electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy are used to characterize the graphene.

  4. Large-Spin and Large-Winding Expansions of Giant Magnons and Single Spikes

    E-print Network

    Emmanuel Floratos; Georgios Linardopoulos

    2015-11-11

    We generalize the method of our recent paper on the large-spin expansions of Gubser-Klebanov-Polyakov (GKP) strings to the large-spin and large-winding expansions of finite-size giant magnons and finite-size single spikes. By expressing the energies of long open strings in RxS2 in terms of Lambert's W-function, we compute the leading, subleading and next-to-subleading series of classical exponential corrections to the dispersion relations of Hofman-Maldacena giant magnons and infinite-winding single spikes. We also compute the corresponding expansions in the doubled regions of giant magnons and single spikes that are respectively obtained when their angular and linear velocities become smaller or greater than unity.

  5. UNIQUE DESCRIPTION FOR SINGLE TRANSVERSE SPIN ASYMMETRIES IN DIS AND HADRONIC COLLISIONS.

    SciTech Connect

    YUAN, F.

    2006-12-18

    We derive a unique formula for the single-transverse-spin asymmetry in semi-inclusive hadron production in deep inelastic scattering, valid for all transverse momentum region. Based on this, we further study the integrated asymmetry weighted with transverse-momentum. They can be evaluated in terms of the twist-three quark-gluon correlation functions, which are responsible for the single spin asymmetry in single inclusive hadron production in hadronic collisions. By using the fitted twist-three functions from the hadronic collision data, we find a consistent description for SSAs in deep inelastic scattering. This demonstrates that we have a unique picture for SSAs in these two processes, and shall provide important guidelines for future studies.

  6. Orientation-and-Location Controlled Single-Grain TFTs on

    E-print Network

    Technische Universiteit Delft

    , µ-Czochralski process, crystallographic Orientation-and Location-controlled Single-Grain Si Single-Grain Si TFTs by µ-Czochralski process) oriented single Si grains by MILC and µ- Czochralski process

  7. Single-shot readout and relaxation measurements in exchange coupled 31 P electron spins in silicon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dehollain, Juan Pablo; Muhonen, Juha; Tan, Kuan; Saraiva, Andre; Jamieson, David; Dzurak, Andrew; Morello, Andrea

    2015-03-01

    We present the experimental observation of a large exchange coupling J ~ 300 ?eV between two 31 P electron spin qubits in silicon. The singlet and triplet states of the coupled spins are monitored in real time by a single-electron transistor, which detects ionization from tunnel-rate-dependent processes in the coupled spin system, yielding single-shot readout fidelities above 95%. The triplet to singlet relaxation time T1 ~ 4 ms at zero magnetic field agrees with the theoretical prediction for the observed J-coupling energy in 31 P dimers in silicon. The three order of magnitude increase in relaxation rate compared to single donors, is caused by a hyperfine interaction mediated mixing of the singlet and triplet states. Additionally, the time evolution of the two-electron state populations reveals an inversion in the energetic hierarchy of the valley-orbit excited states, which had been theoretically predicted for donor pairs with < 6 nm separation. These results pave the way to the realization of two-qubit quantum logic gates with spins in silicon and highlight the necessity to adopt gating schemes compatible with weak J-coupling strengths.

  8. Coherent control of hyperfine-coupled electron and nuclear spins for quantum information processing

    E-print Network

    Yang, Jamie Chiaming

    2008-01-01

    Coupled electron-nuclear spins are promising physical systems for quantum information processing: By combining the long coherence times of the nuclear spins with the ability to initialize, control, and measure the electron ...

  9. Hyperon production mechanisms and single-spin asymmetry in high energy hadron-hadron collisions

    SciTech Connect

    Boros, C.; Zuo-tang, L.

    1996-03-01

    It is shown that the existence of left-right asymmetry in single-spin inclusive {Lambda} production, together with the characteristic features of the data, should be considered as another clear signature for the existence of orbiting valence quarks in polarized nucleons. Predictions for other hyperons are made. It is pointed out that measurements of such asymmetries are very helpful not only for probing the spin structure of the nucleons but also for studying the production mechanisms of the hyperons. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  10. Transverse single spin asymmetry in Drell-Yan production in polarized pA collisions

    E-print Network

    Jian Zhou

    2015-02-09

    We study the transverse single spin asymmetry in Drell-Yan production in pA collisions with incoming protons being transversely polarized. We carry out the calculation using a newly developed hybrid approach. The polarized cross section computed in the hybrid approach is consistent with that obtained from the usual TMD factorization at low transverse momentum as expected, whereas at high transverse momentum, color entanglement effect is found to play a role in contributing to the spin asymmetry of Drell-Yan production, though it is a $1/N_c^2$ suppressed effect.

  11. Transverse single spin asymmetry in direct photon production in polarized pA collisions

    E-print Network

    Andreas Schäfer; Jian Zhou

    2015-02-09

    We study the transverse single spin asymmetry in direct photon production in pA collisions with incoming protons being transversely polarized. To facilitate the calculation, we formulate a hybrid approach in which the nucleus is treated in the Color Glass Condensate (CGC) framework while the collinear twist-3 formalism is applied on the proton side. It has been found that an additional term which arises from color entanglement shows up in the spin dependent differential cross section. The fact that this additional term is perturbatively calculable allows us to quantitatively study color entanglement effects.

  12. Second order theory of $(j,0)\\oplus (0,j)$ single high spins as Lorentz tensors

    E-print Network

    E. G. Delgado-Acosta; M. Kirchbach

    2013-12-20

    We show that higher order differential equations and matrix spinor calculus are completely avoidable in the description of pure high spin-$j$ Weinberg-Joos states, $(j,0)\\oplus (0,j)$. The case is made on the example of $(3/2,0)\\oplus(0,3/2)$, for the sake of concreteness and without loss of generality. Namely, we use as a vehicle for the aforementioned covariant single spin-$3/2$ description the antisymmetric tensor of second rank with Dirac spinor components, $\\Psi_{[\\mu\

  13. Transverse single spin asymmetry in Drell-Yan production in polarized pA collisions

    E-print Network

    Zhou, Jian

    2015-01-01

    We study the transverse single spin asymmetry in Drell-Yan production in pA collisions with incoming protons being transversely polarized. We carry out the calculation using a newly developed hybrid approach. The polarized cross section computed in the hybrid approach is consistent with that obtained from the usual TMD factorization at low transverse momentum as expected, whereas at high transverse momentum, color entanglement effect is found to play a role in contributing to the spin asymmetry of Drell-Yan production, though it is a $1/N_c^2$ suppressed effect.

  14. Self-spin-controlled rotation of spatial states of a Dirac electron in a cylindrical potential via spin orbit interaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leary, C. C.; Reeb, D.; Raymer, M. G.

    2008-10-01

    Solution of the Dirac equation predicts that when an electron with nonzero orbital angular momentum (OAM) propagates in a cylindrically symmetric potential, its spin and orbital degrees of freedom interact, causing the electron's phase velocity to depend on whether its spin angular momentum (SAM) and OAM vectors are oriented parallel or anti-parallel with respect to each other. This spin orbit splitting of the electronic dispersion curves can result in a rotation of the electron's spatial state in a manner controlled by the electron's own spin z-component value. These effects persist at non-relativistic velocities. To clarify the physical origin of this effect, we compare solutions of the Dirac equation to perturbative predictions of the Schrödinger Pauli equation with a spin orbit term, using the standard Foldy Wouthuysen Hamiltonian. This clearly shows that the origin of the effect is the familiar relativistic spin orbit interaction.

  15. TOPICAL REVIEW A review of the coherent optical control of the exciton and spin states of semiconductor quantum dots

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramsay, A. J.

    2010-10-01

    The spin of a carrier trapped in a self-assembled quantum dot has the potential to be a robust optically active qubit that is compatible with existing III-V semiconductor device technology. A key requirement for building a quantum processor is the ability to dynamically prepare, control and detect single quantum states. Here, experimental progress in the coherent optical control of single semiconductor quantum dots over the past decade is reviewed, alongside an introductory discussion of the basic principles of coherent control.

  16. Electric Field Control of Spin Lifetimes in Nb-SrTiO_{3} by Spin-Orbit Fields.

    PubMed

    Kamerbeek, A M; Högl, P; Fabian, J; Banerjee, T

    2015-09-25

    We show electric field control of the spin accumulation at the interface of the oxide semiconductor Nb-SrTiO_{3} with Co/AlO_{x} spin injection contacts at room temperature. The in-plane spin lifetime ?_{?}, as well as the ratio of the out-of-plane to in-plane spin lifetime ?_{?}/?_{?}, is manipulated by the built-in electric field at the semiconductor surface, without any additional gate contact. The origin of this manipulation is attributed to Rashba spin orbit fields (SOFs) at the Nb-SrTiO_{3} surface and shown to be consistent with theoretical model calculations based on SOF spin flip scattering. Additionally, the junction can be set in a high or low resistance state, leading to a nonvolatile control of ?_{?}/?_{?}, consistent with the manipulation of the Rashba SOF strength. Such room temperature electric field control over the spin state is essential for developing energy-efficient spintronic devices and shows promise for complex oxide based (spin) electronics. PMID:26451572

  17. Electric Field Control of Spin Lifetimes in Nb -SrTiO3 by Spin-Orbit Fields

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kamerbeek, A. M.; Högl, P.; Fabian, J.; Banerjee, T.

    2015-09-01

    We show electric field control of the spin accumulation at the interface of the oxide semiconductor Nb -SrTiO3 with Co /AlOx spin injection contacts at room temperature. The in-plane spin lifetime ??, as well as the ratio of the out-of-plane to in-plane spin lifetime ??/??, is manipulated by the built-in electric field at the semiconductor surface, without any additional gate contact. The origin of this manipulation is attributed to Rashba spin orbit fields (SOFs) at the Nb -SrTiO3 surface and shown to be consistent with theoretical model calculations based on SOF spin flip scattering. Additionally, the junction can be set in a high or low resistance state, leading to a nonvolatile control of ??/??, consistent with the manipulation of the Rashba SOF strength. Such room temperature electric field control over the spin state is essential for developing energy-efficient spintronic devices and shows promise for complex oxide based (spin) electronics.

  18. Flight investigation of stall, spin and recovery characteristics of a low-wing, single-engine, T-tail light airplane

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stough, H. P., III; Dicarlo, D. J.; Patton, J. M., Jr.

    1985-01-01

    Flight tests were performed to investigate the stall, spin, and recovery characteristics of a four-place, low-wing, single-engine, T-tail, general aviation research airplane at an aft center-of-gravity position. Most stalls resulted in roll-offs. Spins were oscillatory in roll and pitch at 43 deg angle of attack; the magnitude of the oscillations was determined by aileron position. Power, flap deflection, and landing gear position did not affect the angle of attack to the spin. Antispin rudder followed by forward wheel with ailerons neutral produced the fastest and most consistent recoveries but the initial application of recovery controls did not always stop a spin.

  19. Mechanically induced two-qubit gates and maximally entangled states for single electron spins in a carbon nanotube

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Heng; Burkard, Guido

    2015-11-01

    We theoretically analyze a system where two electrons are trapped separately in two quantum dots on a suspended carbon nanotube (CNT), subject to external ac electric driving. An indirect mechanically induced coupling of two distant single electron spins is induced by the interaction between the spins and the mechanical motion of the CNT. We show that a two-qubit iswap gate and arbitrary single-qubit gates can be obtained from the intrinsic spin-orbit coupling. Combining the iswap gate and single-qubit gates, maximally entangled states of two spins can be generated in a single step by varying the frequency and the strength of the external electric driving field. The spin-phonon coupling can be turned off by electrostatically shifting the electron wave function on the nanotube.

  20. Mechanically induced two-qubit gates and maximally entangled states for single electron spins in a carbon nanotube

    E-print Network

    Heng Wang; Guido Burkard

    2015-08-10

    We theoretically analyze a system where two electrons are trapped separately in two quantum dots on a suspended carbon nanotube (CNT), subject to external ac electric driving. An indirect mechanically-induced coupling of two distant single electron spins is induced by the interaction between the spins and the mechanical motion of the CNT. We show that a two-qubit iSWAP gate and arbitrary single-qubit gates can be obtained from the intrinsic spin-orbit coupling. Combining the iSWAP gate and single-qubit gates, maximally entangled states of two spins can be generated in a single step by varying the frequency and the strength of the external electric driving field. The spin-phonon coupling can be turned off by electrostatically shifting the electron wave function on the nanotube.

  1. Electrical control of a long-lived spin qubit in a Si/SiGe quantum dot

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kawakami, Erika

    2015-03-01

    Electron spins in Si/SiGe quantum dots are one of the most promising candidates for a quantum bit for their potential to scale up and their long dephasing time. We realized coherent control of single electron spin in a single quantum dot (QD) defined in a Si/SiGe 2D electron gas. Spin rotations are achieved by applying microwave excitation to one of the gates, which oscillates the electron wave function back and forth in the gradient field produced by cobalt micromagnets fabricated near the dot. The electron spin is read out in single-shot mode via spin-to-charge conversion and a QD charge sensor. In earlier work, both the fidelity of single-spin rotations and the spin echo decay time were limited by a small splitting of the lowest two valleys. By changing the direction and magnitude of the external magnetic field as well as the gate voltages that define the dot potential, we were able to increase the valley splitting and also the difference in Zeeman splittings associated with these two valleys. This has resulted in considerable improvements in the gate fidelity and spin echo decay times. Thanks to the long intrinsic dephasing time T2* = 900 ns and Rabi frequency of 1.4 MHz, we now obtain an average single qubit gate fidelity of an electron spin in a Si/SiGe quantum dot of 99 percent, measured via randomized benchmarking. The dephasing time is extended to 70 us for the Hahn echo and up to 400 us with CPMG80. From the dynamical decoupling data, we extract the noise spectral density in the range of 30 kHz-3 MHz. We will discuss the mechanism that induces this noise and is responsible for decoherence. In parallel, we also realized electron spin resonance and coherent single-spin control by second harmonic generation, which means we can drive an electron spin at half the Larmor frequency. Finally, we observe not only single-spin transitions but also transitions whereby both the spin and the valley state are flipped. Altogether, these measurements have significantly increased our understanding and raised the prospects of spin qubits in Si/SiGe quantum dots. This work has been done in collaboration with T.M. J. Jullien, P. Scarlino, V.V. Dobrovitski, D.R. Ward, D. E. Savage, M. G. Lagally, Mark Friesen, S. N. Coppersmith, M. A. Eriksson, and L. M. K. Vandersypen. This work was supported in part by the Army Research Office (ARO) (W911NF-12-0607), the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM) and the European Research Council (ERC). Development and maintenance of the growth facilities used for fabricating samples was supported by the Department of Energy (DOE) (DE-FG02-03ER46028). E.K. was supported by a fellowship from the Nakajima Foundation. This research utilized NSF-supported shared facilities at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

  2. Laser and Microwave Excitations of Rabi Oscillations of a Single Nitrogen-Vacancy Electron Spin in Diamond

    E-print Network

    Chunyang Tang; Xin Hu; Xinyu Pan

    2010-09-09

    A collapse and revival shape of Rabi oscillations of a single Nitrogen-Vacancy (NV) center electron spin has been observed in diamond at room temperature. Because of hyperfine interaction between the host 14N nuclear spin and NV center electron spin, different orientation of the 14N nuclear spin leads to a triplet splitting of the transition between the ground ms=0 and excited states ms=1. Microwave can excite the three transitions equally to induce three independent nutations and the shape of Rabi oscillations is a combination of the three nutations. This result provides an innovative view of electron spin oscillations in diamond.

  3. Measurement of Single and Double Spin Asymmetries in Deep Inelastic Pion Electroproduction with a Longitudinally Polarized Target

    E-print Network

    The CLAS Collaboration; H. Avakian; P. Bosted; V. D. Burkert; L. Elouadrhiri; K. P. Adhikari; M. Aghasyan; M. Amaryan; M. Anghinolfi; H. Baghdasaryan; J. Ball; M. Battaglieri; I. Bedlinskiy; A. S. Biselli; D. Branford; W. J. Briscoe; W. Brooks; D. S. Carman; L. Casey; P. L. Cole; P. Collins; D. Crabb; V. Crede; A. D'Angelo; A. Daniel; N. Dashyan; R. DeVita; E. DeSanctis; A. Deur; B. Dey; S. Dhamija; R. Dickson; C. Djalali; G. Dodge; D. Doughty; R. Dupre; A. ElAlaoui; P. Eugenio; S. Fegan; R. Fersch; T. A. Forest; A. Fradi; M. Y. Gabrielyan; G. Gavalian; N. Gevorgyan; G. P. Gilfoyle; K. L. Giovanetti; F. X. Girod; W. Gohn; R. W. Gothe; K. A. Griffioen; M. Guidal; N. Guler; L. Guo; K. Hafidi; H. Hakobyan; C. Hanretty; N. Hassall; D. Heddle; K. Hicks; M. Holtrop; Y. Ilieva; D. G. Ireland; E. L. Isupov; S. S. Jawalkar; H. S. Jo; K. Joo; D. Keller; M. Khandaker; P. Khetarpal; W. Kim; A. Klein; F. J. Klein; P. Konczykowski; V. Kubarovsky; S. E. Kuhn; S. V. Kuleshov; V. Kuznetsov; K. Livingston; H. Y. Lu; N. Markov; M. Mayer; J. McAndrew; M. E. McCracken; B. McKinnon; C. A. Meyer; T. Mineeva; M. Mirazita; V. Mokeev; B. Moreno; K. Moriya; B. Morrison; H. Moutarde; E. Munevar; P. Nadel-Turonski; R. Nasseripour; S. Niccolai; G. Niculescu; I. Niculescu; M. R. Niroula; M. Osipenko; A. I. Ostrovidov; R. Paremuzyan; K. Park; S. Park; E. Pasyuk; S. Anefalos Pereira; Y. Perrin; S. Pisano; O. Pogorelko; J. W. Price; S. Procureur; Y. Prok; D. Protopopescu; B. A. Raue; G. Ricco; M. Ripani; G. Rosner; P. Rossi; F. Sabatié; M. S. Saini; J. Salamanca; C. Salgado; R. A. Schumacher; E. Seder; H. Seraydaryan; Y. G. Sharabian; D. I. Sober; D. Sokhan; S. S. Stepanyan; S. Stepanyan; P. Stoler; S. Strauch; R. Suleiman; M. Taiuti; D. J. Tedeschi; S. Tkachenko; M. Ungaro; B . Vernarsky; M. F. Vineyard; E. Voutier; D. P. Watts; L. B. Weinstein; D. P. Weygand; M. H. Wood; J. Zhang; B. Zhao; Z. W. Zhao

    2010-03-23

    We report the first measurement of the transverse momentum dependence of double spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive production of pions in deep inelastic scattering off the longitudinally polarized proton. Data have been obtained using a polarized electron beam of 5.7 GeV with the CLAS detector at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab). A significant non-zero $\\sin2\\phi$ single spin asymmetry was also observed for the first time indicating strong spin-orbit correlations for transversely polarized quarks in the longitudinally polarized proton. The azimuthal modulations of single spin asymmetries have been measured over a wide kinematic range.

  4. Measurement of Single and Double Spin Asymmetries in Deep Inelastic Pion Electroproduction with a Longitudinally Polarized Target

    SciTech Connect

    Avakian, H; Bosted, P; Elouadrhiri, L; Adhikari, K P; Aghasyan, M; Amaryan, M; Anghinolfi, M; Baghdasaryan, H; Ball, J; Battaglieri, M; Bedlinskiy, I; Biselli, A S; Branford, D; Briscoe, W J; Brooks, W; Carman, D S; Casey, L; Cole, P L; Collins, P; Crabb, D; Crede, V; D' Angelo, A; Daniel, A; Dashyan, N; DeVita, R; DeSanctis, E; Deur, A; Dey, B; Dhamija, S; Dickson, R; Djalali, C; Dodge, G; Doughty, D; Dupre, R; El Alaoui, A; Eugenio, P; Fegan, S; Fersch, M; Guler, N; Guo, L; Hafidi, K; Hakobyan, H; Hanretty, C; Hassall, N; Heddle, D; Hicks, K; Holtrop, M; Ilieva, Y; Ireland, D G; Isupov, E L; Jawalkar, S S; Jo, H S; Joo, K; Keller, D; Khandaker, M; Khetarpal,; Kim, W; Klein, A; Klein, F J; Konczykowski, P; Kubarovsky, V; Kuhn, S E; Kuleshov, S V; Kuznetsov, V; Livingston, K; Lu, H Y; Markov, N; Mayer, M; McAndrew, J; McCracken, M E; McKInnon, B; Meyer, C A; Mineeva, T; Mirazita, M; Mokeev, V; Moreno, B; Moriya, K; Morrison, B; Moutarde, H; Munevar, E; Nadel-Turonski, P; Nasseripour, R; Niccolai, S; Niculescu, G; Niculescu, I; Niroula, M R; Osipenko, M; Ostrovidov, A I; Paremuzyan, R; Park, K; Park, S; Pasyuk, E; Anefalos Pereira, S; Perrin, Y; Pisano, S; Pogorelko, O; Price, J W; Procureur, S; Prok, Protopopescu; Raue, B A; Ricco, G; Ripani, M; Rosner, G; Rossi, P; Sabatie, F; Saini, M S; Salamanca, J; Salgado, C; Schumacher, R A; Seder, E; Seraydaryan, H; Sharabian, Y G; Sober, D I; Sokhan, D; Stapanyan, S S; Stepanyan, S; Stoler, P; Strauch, S; Suleiman, R; Taiuti, M; Tedeschi, D J; Tkachenko, S; Ungaro, M; Vernarsky, B; Vineyard, M F; Voutier, E; Watts, D P; Weinstein, L B; Weygand, D P; Wood, M H; Zhang, J; Zhao, B

    2010-12-01

    We report the first measurement of the transverse momentum dependence of double spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive production of pions in deep inelastic scattering off the longitudinally polarized proton. Data have been obtained using a polarized electron beam of 5.7 GeV with the CLAS detector at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab). A significant non-zero $\\sin2\\phi$ single spin asymmetry was also observed for the first time indicating strong spin-orbit correlations for transversely polarized quarks in the longitudinally polarized proton. The azimuthal modulations of single spin asymmetries have been measured over a wide kinematic range.

  5. Twofold spin reorientation and field-induced incomplete phase transition in single-crystal Dy0.5Pr0.5FeO3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Hailong; Cao, Shixun; Liu, Ming; Cao, Yiming; Kang, Baojuan; Zhang, Jincang; Ren, Wei

    2014-10-01

    We report an intriguing twofold spin reorientation transition of type ?4(Gx,Ay,Fz)??1(Ax,Gy,Cz)??2(Fx,Cy,Gz) for the Fe3+ magnetic sublattice near spin reorientation temperatures TSR1˜77 K and TSR2˜45 K in a rare-earth orthoferrite Dy0.5Pr0.5FeO3 single crystal. Magnetic-field-induced incomplete spin-configuration transitions (?4??41??42 for H =20kOe and ?4??42 for H =40kOe) were observed by measurement of magnetization as a function of temperature. The spin reorientation temperature of a Dy0.5Pr0.5FeO3 single crystal can be controlled by changing the magnitude of the applied magnetic field. We also show that spin reorientation of the ?1??4 type between TSR2 and TSR1 can be induced by an applied magnetic field along the c axis. The origin of the intriguing magnetic behavior is ascribed to the anisotropic effective field whose strength is determined by the interactions with R3+(R =Dy,Pr) spins and can be modified by the external applied magnetic field. It provides deeper insight into the Fe3+-R3+ magnetic interaction which dominates the sophisticated magnetic phase transitions in the rare-earth orthoferrites.

  6. FEM Optimization of Spin Forming Using a Fuzzy Control Algorithm

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshihara, S.; Ray, P.; MacDonald, B. J.; Koyama, H.; Kawahara, M.

    2004-06-01

    Finite element (FE) simulation of the manufacturing of a conical nosing such as a pressure vessel from circular tubes, using the spin forming method, was performed on the commercially available software package, ANSYS/LS-DYNA3D. The finite element method (FEM) provides a powerful tool for evaluating the potential to form the pressure vessel with proposed modifications to the process. The use of fuzzy logic inference as a control system to achieve the designed shape of the pressure vessel was investigated using the FEM. The path of the roller as a process parameter was decided by the fuzzy inference control algorithm from information of the result of deformation of each element respectively. The fuzzy control algorithm investigated was validated from the results of the production process time and the deformed shape using FE simulation.

  7. Chip-Scale Nanofabrication of Single Spins and Spin Arrays in Diamond

    SciTech Connect

    Toyli, David M.; Weis, Christoph D.; Fuchs, D.; Schenkel, Thomas; Awschalom, David D.

    2010-07-02

    We demonstrate a technique to nanofabricate nitrogen vacancy (NV) centers in diamond based on broad-beam nitrogen implantation through apertures in electron beam lithography resist. This method enables high-throughput nanofabrication of single NV centers on sub-100-nm length scales. Secondary ion mass spectroscopy measurements facilitate depth profiling of the implanted nitrogen to provide three-dimensional characterization of the NV center spatial distribution. Measurements of NV center coherence with on-chip coplanar waveguides suggest a pathway for incorporating this scalable nanofabrication technique in future quantum applications.

  8. Terahertz probes of magnetic field induced spin reorientation in YFeO{sub 3} single crystal

    SciTech Connect

    Lin, Xian; Jiang, Junjie; Ma, Guohong; Jin, Zuanming; Wang, Dongyang; Tian, Zhen; Han, Jiaguang; Cheng, Zhenxiang

    2015-03-02

    Using the terahertz time-domain spectroscopy, we demonstrate the spin reorientation of a canted antiferromagnetic YFeO{sub 3} single crystal, by evaluating the temperature and magnetic field dependence of resonant frequency and amplitude for the quasi-ferromagnetic (FM) and quasi-antiferromagnetic modes (AFM), a deeper insight into the dynamics of spin reorientation in rare-earth orthoferrites is established. Due to the absence of 4f-electrons in Y ion, the spin reorientation of Fe sublattices can only be induced by the applied magnetic field, rather than temperature. In agreement with the theoretical predication, the frequency of FM mode decreases with magnetic field. In addition, an obvious step of spin reorientation phase transition occurs with a relatively large applied magnetic field of 4?T. By comparison with the family members of RFeO{sub 3} (R?=?Y{sup 3+} or rare-earth ions), our results suggest that the chosen of R would tailor the dynamical rotation properties of Fe ions, leading to the designable spin switching in the orthoferrite antiferromagnetic systems.

  9. Cotunneling signatures of spin-electric coupling in frustrated triangular single-molecule magnets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nossa, Javier; Canali, Carlo

    2013-03-01

    The ground state (GS) of frustrated (antiferromagnetic) triangular single-molecule magnets is characterized by two total-spin S = 1 /2 doublets with opposite chirality. According to a group theory analysis [M. Trif et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 217201 (2008)] an external electric field can efficiently couple these two chiral spin states, even when the spin-orbit interaction (SOI) is absent. The strength of this coupling, d, is determined by an off-diagonal matrix element of the dipole operator, which can be calculated by ab-initio methods [M. F. Islam et al., Phys. Rev. B 82, 155446 (2010)]. In this work we propose that Coulomb-blockade transport experiments in the cotunneling regime can provide a direct way to determine the spin-electric coupling strength. Indeed, an electric field generates a d-dependent splitting of the GS manifold, which can be detected in the inelastic cotunneling conductance. Our theoretical analysis is supported by master-equation calculations of quantum transport in the cotunneling regime. We employ a Hubbard-model approach to elucidate the relationship between the Hubbard parameters t and U, and the spin-electric coupling constant d . This allows us to predict the regime in which the coupling constant d can be extracted from experiment.

  10. High-efficiency resonant amplification of weak magnetic fields for single spin magnetometry at room temperature.

    PubMed

    Trifunovic, Luka; Pedrocchi, Fabio L; Hoffman, Silas; Maletinsky, Patrick; Yacoby, Amir; Loss, Daniel

    2015-06-01

    Magnetic resonance techniques not only provide powerful imaging tools that have revolutionized medicine, but they have a wide spectrum of applications in other fields of science such as biology, chemistry, neuroscience and physics. However, current state-of-the-art magnetometers are unable to detect a single nuclear spin unless the tip-to-sample separation is made sufficiently small. Here, we demonstrate theoretically that by placing a ferromagnetic particle between a nitrogen-vacancy magnetometer and a target spin, the magnetometer sensitivity is improved dramatically. Using materials and techniques that are already experimentally available, our proposed set-up is sensitive enough to detect a single nuclear spin within ten milliseconds of data acquisition at room temperature. The sensitivity is practically unchanged when the ferromagnet surface to the target spin separation is smaller than the ferromagnet lateral dimensions; typically about a tenth of a micrometre. This scheme further benefits when used for nitrogen-vacancy ensemble measurements, enhancing sensitivity by an additional three orders of magnitude. PMID:25961508

  11. High-efficiency resonant amplification of weak magnetic fields for single spin magnetometry at room temperature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trifunovic, Luka; Pedrocchi, Fabio L.; Hoffman, Silas; Maletinsky, Patrick; Yacoby, Amir; Loss, Daniel

    2015-06-01

    Magnetic resonance techniques not only provide powerful imaging tools that have revolutionized medicine, but they have a wide spectrum of applications in other fields of science such as biology, chemistry, neuroscience and physics. However, current state-of-the-art magnetometers are unable to detect a single nuclear spin unless the tip-to-sample separation is made sufficiently small. Here, we demonstrate theoretically that by placing a ferromagnetic particle between a nitrogen-vacancy magnetometer and a target spin, the magnetometer sensitivity is improved dramatically. Using materials and techniques that are already experimentally available, our proposed set-up is sensitive enough to detect a single nuclear spin within ten milliseconds of data acquisition at room temperature. The sensitivity is practically unchanged when the ferromagnet surface to the target spin separation is smaller than the ferromagnet lateral dimensions; typically about a tenth of a micrometre. This scheme further benefits when used for nitrogen-vacancy ensemble measurements, enhancing sensitivity by an additional three orders of magnitude.

  12. Polytype control of spin qubits in silicon carbide

    E-print Network

    Falk, Abram L; Calusine, Greg; Koehl, William F; Dobrovitski, Viatcheslav V; Politi, Alberto; Zorman, Christian A; Feng, Philip X -L; Awschalom, David D; 10.1038/ncomms2854

    2013-01-01

    Crystal defects can confine isolated electronic spins and are promising candidates for solid-state quantum information. Alongside research focusing on nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond, an alternative strategy seeks to identify new spin systems with an expanded set of technological capabilities, a materials driven approach that could ultimately lead to "designer" spins with tailored properties. Here, we show that the 4H, 6H and 3C polytypes of SiC all host coherent and optically addressable defect spin states, including spins in all three with room-temperature quantum coherence. The prevalence of this spin coherence shows that crystal polymorphism can be a degree of freedom for engineering spin qubits. Long spin coherence times allow us to use double electron-electron resonance to measure magnetic dipole interactions between spin ensembles in inequivalent lattice sites of the same crystal. Together with the distinct optical and spin transition energies of such inequivalent spins, these interactions provide ...

  13. Soft-fermion-pole contribution to single-spin asymmetry for pion production in pp collisions

    E-print Network

    Koike, Yuji

    2009-01-01

    We study the single transverse spin asymmetry for the inclusive pion production in the nucleon-nucleon collision, $p^\\uparrow p\\to\\pi X$, based on the twist-3 mechanism in the collinear factorization. We derive the soft-fermion-pole (SFP) contribution to the twist-3 single-spin-dependent cross section associated with the twist-3 quark-gluon correlation functions in the polarized nucleon. We demonstrate that the SFP can give rise to a large effect to the asymmetry $A_N$ owing to the large partonic hard cross sections, if the SFP function has a similar magnitude as the soft-gluon-pole (SGP) function, although the SFP function does not appear as "derivative tem" unlike the SGP function.

  14. On the Relation Between Mechanisms for Single-Transverse-SpinAsymmetries

    SciTech Connect

    Koike, Yuji; Vogelsang, Werner; Yuan, Feng

    2007-11-05

    Recent studies have shown that two widely-used mechanismsfor single-transverse-spin asymmetries based on either twist-threecontributions or on transverse-momentum-dependent (Sivers) partondistributions become identical in a kinematical regime of overlap. Thiswas demonstrated for the so-called soft-gluon-pole and hard-polecontributions to the asymmetry associated with a particular quark-gluoncorrelation function in the nucleon. In this paper, using semi-inclusivedeep inelastic scattering as an example, we extend the study to thecontributions by soft-fermion poles and by another independenttwist-three correlation function. We find that these additional termsorganize themselves in such a way as to maintain the mutual consistencyof the two mechanisms for single-spin asymmetries.

  15. Soft-fermion-pole contribution to single-spin asymmetry for pion production in pp collisions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koike, Yuji; Tomita, Tetsuya

    2009-05-01

    We study the single transverse spin asymmetry for the inclusive pion production in the nucleon-nucleon collision, p? p ? ?X, based on the twist-3 mechanism in the collinear factorization. We derive the soft-fermion-pole (SFP) contribution to the twist-3 single-spin-dependent cross section associated with the twist-3 quark-gluon correlation functions in the polarized nucleon. We find that the SFP can give rise to a large effect to the asymmetry AN owing to the large partonic hard cross sections with the large color factor, if the SFP function has a similar magnitude as the soft-gluon-pole (SGP) function, in spite of the absence of the “derivative term” for the SFP function unlike for the SGP function.

  16. Techniques for Noise Suppression and Robust Control in Spin-Based Quantum Information Processors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borneman, Troy William

    Processing information quantum mechanically allows the relatively efficient solution of many important problems thought to be intractable on a classical computer. A primary challenge in experimentally implementing a quantum information processor is the control and suppression of environmental noise that decoheres the quantum system and causes it to behave classically. Environmental errors may be dynamically suppressed by applying coherent control pulses to the qubits that decouple the environment. However, the pulses themselves are subject to implementation errors, which hinders the ability to robustly store a complete quantum state. This thesis details results on the use of optimal control theory, noise twirling, and logical qubit encodings to design high-fidelity control pulses and decoupling sequences that are robust to implementation errors. Results are also presented that demonstrate how high-fidelity inductive control of a quantum system may be obtained with limited resonator bandwidth, with a discussion of applications to actuator-based quantum information processors. In a multinode design for such a processor, which allows efficient removal of entropy, a new protocol is suggested that permits robust parallel information transfer between nodes. The results detailed in this thesis apply broadly to most implementations of quantum information processing and specifically enable a new design for a spin-based multinode quantum information processor based on single-crystal molecular monolayer electron-nuclear spin systems integrated with superconducting electronics. (Copies available exclusively from MIT Libraries, libraries.mit.edu/docs - docs@mit.edu)

  17. Single Spin Asymmetries of Identified Hadrons in Polarized p+p at p

    E-print Network

    Single Spin Asymmetries of Identified Hadrons in Polarized p+p at p s = 62.4 and 200 GeV J.H. Lee of SSAs for p #6; , K #6; , p, and � p at forward rapidities covering high­x F at p s = 62:4 GeV and also hadrons, p #6; , K #6; , p, and � p, from transversely polarized proton collisions at p s = 200 and 62

  18. Spin glass in semiconducting KFe1.05Ag0.88Te2 single crystals

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Ryu, H.; Lei, H.; Klobes, B.; Warren, J. B.; Hermann, R. P.; Petrovic, C.

    2015-05-26

    We report discovery of KFe1.05Ag0.88Te2 single crystals with semiconducting spin glass ground state. Composition and structure analysis suggest nearly stoichiometric I4/mmm space group but allow for the existence of vacancies, absent in long range semiconducting antiferromagnet KFe1.05Ag0.88Te2. The subtle change in stoichometry in Fe/Ag sublattice changes magnetic ground state but not conductivity, giving further insight into the semiconducting gap mechanism.

  19. Production mechanisms and single-spin asymmetry for kaons in high energy hadron-hadron collisions

    SciTech Connect

    Boros, C.; Zuo-tang, L.; Ta-chung, M.

    1996-10-01

    The direct consequences on kaon production of the picture proposed in a recent Letter and subsequent publications are discussed. Further evidence supporting the proposed picture is obtained. A comparison with the data for the inclusive cross sections in unpolarized reactions is made. The quantitative results for the left-right asymmetry in single-spin processes are presented. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  20. Electrical control of a long-lived spin qubit in a Si/SiGe quantum dot.

    PubMed

    Kawakami, E; Scarlino, P; Ward, D R; Braakman, F R; Savage, D E; Lagally, M G; Friesen, Mark; Coppersmith, S N; Eriksson, M A; Vandersypen, L M K

    2014-09-01

    Nanofabricated quantum bits permit large-scale integration but usually suffer from short coherence times due to interactions with their solid-state environment. The outstanding challenge is to engineer the environment so that it minimally affects the qubit, but still allows qubit control and scalability. Here, we demonstrate a long-lived single-electron spin qubit in a Si/SiGe quantum dot with all-electrical two-axis control. The spin is driven by resonant microwave electric fields in a transverse magnetic field gradient from a local micromagnet, and the spin state is read out in the single-shot mode. Electron spin resonance occurs at two closely spaced frequencies, which we attribute to two valley states. Thanks to the weak hyperfine coupling in silicon, a Ramsey decay timescale of 1??s is observed, almost two orders of magnitude longer than the intrinsic timescales in GaAs quantum dots, whereas gate operation times are comparable to those reported in GaAs. The spin echo decay time is ~40??s, both with one and four echo pulses, possibly limited by intervalley scattering. These advances strongly improve the prospects for quantum information processing based on quantum dots. PMID:25108810

  1. Accelerated 2D magnetic resonance spectroscopy of single spins using matrix completion.

    PubMed

    Scheuer, Jochen; Stark, Alexander; Kost, Matthias; Plenio, Martin B; Naydenov, Boris; Jelezko, Fedor

    2015-01-01

    Two dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is one of the major tools for analysing the chemical structure of organic molecules and proteins. Despite its power, this technique requires long measurement times, which, particularly in the recently emerging diamond based single molecule NMR, limits its application to stable samples. Here we demonstrate a method which allows to obtain the spectrum by collecting only a small fraction of the experimental data. Our method is based on matrix completion which can recover the full spectral information from randomly sampled data points. We confirm experimentally the applicability of this technique by performing two dimensional electron spin echo envelope modulation (ESEEM) experiments on a two spin system consisting of a single nitrogen vacancy (NV) centre in diamond coupled to a single (13)C nuclear spin. The signal to noise ratio of the recovered 2D spectrum is compared to the Fourier transform of randomly subsampled data, where we observe a strong suppression of the noise when the matrix completion algorithm is applied. We show that the peaks in the spectrum can be obtained with only 10% of the total number of the data points. We believe that our results reported here can find an application in all types of two dimensional spectroscopy, as long as the measured matrices have a low rank. PMID:26631593

  2. Accelerated 2D magnetic resonance spectroscopy of single spins using matrix completion

    E-print Network

    Jochen Scheuer; Alexander Stark; Matthias Kost; Martin B. Plenio; Boris Naydenov; Fedor Jelezko

    2015-07-14

    Two dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is one of the major tools for analysing the chemical structure of organic molecules and proteins. Despite its power, this technique requires long measurement times, which, particularly in the recently emerging diamond based single molecule NMR, limits its application to stable samples. Here we demonstrate a method which allows to obtain the spectrum by collecting only a small fraction of the experimental data. Our method is based on matrix completion which can recover the full spectral information from randomly sampled data points. We confirm experimentally the applicability of this technique by performing two dimensional electron spin echo envelope modulation (ESEEM) experiments on a two spin system consisting of a single nitrogen vacancy (NV) centre in diamond coupled to a single 13C nuclear spin. We show that the main peaks in the spectrum can be obtained with only 10 % of the total number of the data points. We believe that our results reported here can find an application in all types of two dimensional spectroscopy, as long as the measured matrices have a low rank.

  3. Accelerated 2D magnetic resonance spectroscopy of single spins using matrix completion

    PubMed Central

    Scheuer, Jochen; Stark, Alexander; Kost, Matthias; Plenio, Martin B.; Naydenov, Boris; Jelezko, Fedor

    2015-01-01

    Two dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is one of the major tools for analysing the chemical structure of organic molecules and proteins. Despite its power, this technique requires long measurement times, which, particularly in the recently emerging diamond based single molecule NMR, limits its application to stable samples. Here we demonstrate a method which allows to obtain the spectrum by collecting only a small fraction of the experimental data. Our method is based on matrix completion which can recover the full spectral information from randomly sampled data points. We confirm experimentally the applicability of this technique by performing two dimensional electron spin echo envelope modulation (ESEEM) experiments on a two spin system consisting of a single nitrogen vacancy (NV) centre in diamond coupled to a single 13C nuclear spin. The signal to noise ratio of the recovered 2D spectrum is compared to the Fourier transform of randomly subsampled data, where we observe a strong suppression of the noise when the matrix completion algorithm is applied. We show that the peaks in the spectrum can be obtained with only 10% of the total number of the data points. We believe that our results reported here can find an application in all types of two dimensional spectroscopy, as long as the measured matrices have a low rank. PMID:26631593

  4. The use of a movable telescoping end mass system for the time-optimal control of spinning spacecraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bainum, P. M.; Sellappan, R.

    1977-01-01

    The time-optimal control of a spin-stabilized spacecraft with a movable telescoping appendage (boom) is considered analytically and numerically. The motion of a control mass at the end of the boom is determined such that the terminal time will be minimized for two-axis control of a symmetric spacecraft. The equations of rotational motion are linearized about the desired state of spin about the symmetry axis. The equations for the transverse angular velocity components have the form of a coupled two dimensional harmonic oscillator with boom motion as a control force. The control function which brings the system to the desired state is known to be a series of positive and negative pulses. If the initial state is such that the system can be driven to rest in a single switch, the responses, switching and final times, and required boom motion may be determined analytically. Some typical numerical results based on these solutions are discussed.

  5. Theory of electrically controlled resonant tunneling spin devices

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ting, David Z. -Y.; Cartoixa, Xavier

    2004-01-01

    We report device concepts that exploit spin-orbit coupling for creating spin polarized current sources using nonmagnetic semiconductor resonant tunneling heterostructures, without external magnetic fields. The resonant interband tunneling psin filter exploits large valence band spin-orbit interaction to provide strong spin selectivity.

  6. Process Dependent Sivers Function and Implication for Single Spin Asymmetry in Inclusive Hadron Production

    SciTech Connect

    Leonard Gamberg, Zhong-Bo Kang

    2011-01-01

    We study the single transverse spin asymmetries in the single inclusive particle production within the framework of the generalized parton model (GPM). By carefully analyzing the initial- and final-state interactions, we include the process-dependence of the Sivers functions into the GPM formalism. The modified GPM formalism has a close connection with the collinear twist-3 approach. Within the new formalism, we make predictions for inclusive {pi}{sup 0} and direct photon productions at RHIC energies. We find the predictions are opposite to those in the conventional GPM approach.

  7. Addressing a single spin in diamond with a macroscopic dielectric microwave cavity

    SciTech Connect

    Le Floch, J.-M.; Tobar, M. E.; Bradac, C.; Nand, N.; Volz, T.; Castelletto, S.

    2014-09-29

    We present a technique for addressing single nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center spins in diamond over macroscopic distances using a tunable dielectric microwave cavity. We demonstrate optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) for a single negatively charged NV center (NV{sup –}) in a nanodiamond (ND) located directly under the macroscopic microwave cavity. By moving the cavity relative to the ND, we record the ODMR signal as a function of position, mapping out the distribution of the cavity magnetic field along one axis. In addition, we argue that our system could be used to determine the orientation of the NV{sup –} major axis in a straightforward manner.

  8. Addressing a single spin in diamond with a macroscopic dielectric microwave cavity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Le Floch, J.-M.; Bradac, C.; Nand, N.; Castelletto, S.; Tobar, M. E.; Volz, T.

    2014-09-01

    We present a technique for addressing single nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center spins in diamond over macroscopic distances using a tunable dielectric microwave cavity. We demonstrate optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) for a single negatively charged NV center (NV-) in a nanodiamond (ND) located directly under the macroscopic microwave cavity. By moving the cavity relative to the ND, we record the ODMR signal as a function of position, mapping out the distribution of the cavity magnetic field along one axis. In addition, we argue that our system could be used to determine the orientation of the NV- major axis in a straightforward manner.

  9. Hadron structure and left-right asymmetry in inclusive production in single-spin hadron-hadron collisions

    SciTech Connect

    Boros, C.; Liang Zuo-tang; Meng Ta-chung

    1995-05-01

    Theoretical arguments and experimental facts are presented which show the following. Left-right asymmetries are expected to exist in a number of single-spin inclusive production processes. Measuring such asymmetries by using different types of projectile-target combinations, one can obtain useful information on the spin structure of hadrons in general, and determine the spin-dependent quark distribution functions in particular. Quantitative predictions for these asymmetries in various reactions are presented.

  10. Spin Dynamics of a Single Mn Ion in a CdTe/(Cd, Mg, Zn)Te Quantum Dot

    SciTech Connect

    Goryca, Mateusz; Kossacki, Piotr; Golnik, Andrzej; Kazimierczuk, Tomasz; Nawrocki, Michal; Wojnar, Piotr

    2010-01-04

    The spin dynamics of a single Mn ion confined in a CdTe/(Cd, Mg, Zn)Te quantum dot is determined by measurements of photon correlation of photoluminescence. The characteristic time of spin flip is a few nanoseconds and strongly depends on the excitation power.

  11. Parametric analysis of plastic strain and force distribution in single pass metal spinning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choudhary, Shashank; Tejesh, Chiruvolu Mohan; Regalla, Srinivasa Prakash; Suresh, Kurra

    2013-12-01

    Metal spinning also known as spin forming is one of the sheet metal working processes by which an axis-symmetric part can be formed from a flat sheet metal blank. Parts are produced by pressing a blunt edged tool or roller on to the blank which in turn is mounted on a rotating mandrel. This paper discusses about the setting up a 3-D finite element simulation of single pass metal spinning in LS-Dyna. Four parameters were considered namely blank thickness, roller nose radius, feed ratio and mandrel speed and the variation in forces and plastic strain were analysed using the full-factorial design of experiments (DOE) method of simulation experiments. For some of these DOE runs, physical experiments on extra deep drawing (EDD) sheet metal were carried out using En31 tool on a lathe machine. Simulation results are able to predict the zone of unsafe thinning in the sheet and high forming forces that are hint to the necessity for less-expensive and semi-automated machine tools to help the household and small scale spinning workers widely prevalent in India.

  12. Relaxation of excited spin, orbital, and valley qubit states in single electron silicon quantum dots

    E-print Network

    Charles Tahan; Robert Joynt

    2013-02-28

    We expand on previous work that treats relaxation physics of low-lying excited states in ideal, single electron, silicon quantum dots in the context of quantum computing. These states are of three types: orbital, valley, and spin. The relaxation times depend sensitively on system parameters such as the dot size and the external magnetic field. Generally, however, orbital relaxation times are short in strained silicon (from a tenth of a microsecond to picoseconds), spin relaxation times are long (microseconds to greater than seconds), while valley relaxation times are expected to lie in between. The focus is on relaxation due to emission or absorption of phonons, but for spin relaxation we also consider competing mechanisms such as charge noise. Where appropriate, comparison is made to reference systems such as quantum dots in III-V materials and silicon donor states. The phonon bottleneck effect is shown to be rather small in the silicon dots of interest. We compare the theoretical predictions to some recent spin relaxation experiments and comment on the possible effects of non-ideal dots.

  13. Parametric analysis of plastic strain and force distribution in single pass metal spinning

    SciTech Connect

    Choudhary, Shashank E-mail: mohantejesh93@gmail.com E-mail: ksuresh@hyderabad.bits-pilani.ac.in; Tejesh, Chiruvolu Mohan E-mail: mohantejesh93@gmail.com E-mail: ksuresh@hyderabad.bits-pilani.ac.in; Regalla, Srinivasa Prakash E-mail: mohantejesh93@gmail.com E-mail: ksuresh@hyderabad.bits-pilani.ac.in; Suresh, Kurra E-mail: mohantejesh93@gmail.com E-mail: ksuresh@hyderabad.bits-pilani.ac.in

    2013-12-16

    Metal spinning also known as spin forming is one of the sheet metal working processes by which an axis-symmetric part can be formed from a flat sheet metal blank. Parts are produced by pressing a blunt edged tool or roller on to the blank which in turn is mounted on a rotating mandrel. This paper discusses about the setting up a 3-D finite element simulation of single pass metal spinning in LS-Dyna. Four parameters were considered namely blank thickness, roller nose radius, feed ratio and mandrel speed and the variation in forces and plastic strain were analysed using the full-factorial design of experiments (DOE) method of simulation experiments. For some of these DOE runs, physical experiments on extra deep drawing (EDD) sheet metal were carried out using En31 tool on a lathe machine. Simulation results are able to predict the zone of unsafe thinning in the sheet and high forming forces that are hint to the necessity for less-expensive and semi-automated machine tools to help the household and small scale spinning workers widely prevalent in India.

  14. Controlling electric and magnetic currents in artificial spin ice (Presentation Recording)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Branford, Will R.

    2015-09-01

    I will discuss the collective properties of arrays of single domain nanomagnets called Artificial Spin Ice.1 The shape of each nanomagnet controls the magnetic anisotropy and the elements are closely spaced so dipolar interactions are important. The honeycomb lattice geometry prevents the satisfaction of all dipole interactions. Here I will show direct magnetic imaging studies of magnetic charge flow.2 The magnetic charge is carried by transverse domain walls and the chirality of the domain wall is found to control the direction of propagation.3,4 Injection of domain walls within the arrays with local fields is also explored.5 References 1 Branford, W. R., Ladak, S., Read, D. E., Zeissler, K. and Cohen, L. F. Emerging Chirality in Artificial Spin Ice. Science 335, 1597-1600, (2012). 2 Ladak, S., Read, D. E., Perkins, G. K., Cohen, L. F. and Branford, W. R. Direct observation of magnetic monopole defects in an artificial spin-ice system. Nature Physics 6, 359-363, (2010). 3 Burn, D. M., Chadha, M., Walton, S. K. and Branford, W. R. Dynamic interaction between domain walls and nanowire vertices. Phys. Rev. B 90, 144414, (2014). 4 Zeissler, K., Walton, S. K., Ladak, S., Read, D. E., Tyliszczak, T., Cohen, L. F. and Branford, W. R. The non-random walk of chiral magnetic charge carriers in artificial spin ice. Sci Rep-Uk 3, 1252, (2013). 5 Pushp, A., Phung, T., Rettner, C., Hughes, B. P., Yang, S. H., Thomas, L. and Parkin, S. S. P. Domain wall trajectory determined by its fractional topological edge defects. Nature Physics 9, 505-511, (2013).

  15. Wafer-Scale Precise Patterning of Organic Single-Crystal Nanowire Arrays via a Photolithography-Assisted Spin-Coating Method.

    PubMed

    Deng, Wei; Zhang, Xiujuan; Wang, Liang; Wang, Jincheng; Shang, Qixun; Zhang, Xiaohong; Huang, Liming; Jie, Jiansheng

    2015-12-01

    A photolithography-assisted spin-coating approach is developed to produce single-crystal organic nanowire (NW) arrays at designated locations with high precision and high efficiency. This strategy enables the large-scale fabrication of organic NW arrays with nearly the same accuracy, reliability, and flexibility as photolithography. The high mobilities of the organic NWs enable the control of the switch of multicolored light-emitting devices with good stability. PMID:26460612

  16. Semiclassical spin-spin dynamics and feedback control in transport through a quantum dot

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mosshammer, Klemens; Brandes, Tobias

    2014-10-01

    We present a theory of magnetotransport through an electronic orbital, where the electron spin interacts with a (sufficiently) large external spin via an exchange interaction. Using a semiclassical approximation, we derive a set of equations of motions for the electron density matrix and the mean value of the external spin that turns out to be highly nonlinear. The dissipation via the electronic leads is implemented in terms of a quantum master equation that is combined with the nonlinear terms of the spin-spin interaction. With an anisotropic exchange coupling a variety of dynamics is generated, such as self-sustained oscillations with parametric resonances or even chaotic behavior. Within our theory we can integrate a Maxwell-demon-like closed-loop feedback scheme that is capable of transporting particles against an applied bias voltage and that can be used to implement a spin filter to generate spin-dependent oscillating currents of opposite directions.

  17. Magnetic-field-induced quantum criticality in a spin-1 planar ferromagnet with single-ion anisotropy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mercaldo, Maria Teresa; Rabuffo, Ileana; Decesare, Luigi; Caramicod'Auria, Alvaro

    2014-03-01

    The effects of single-ion anisotropy on field-induced quantum criticality in spin-1 planar ferromagnet is explored by means of the two-time Green's function method. We work at the Tyablikov decoupling level for exchange interactions and the Anderson-Callen decoupling level for single-ion anisotropy. In our analysis a longitudinal external magnetic field is used as the non-thermal control parameter and the phase diagram and the quantum critical properties are established for suitable values of the single-ion anisotropy parameter. We find that the single-ion anisotropy has sensible effects on the structure of the phase diagram close to the quantum critical point. Indeed, for values of the uniaxial crystal-field parameter above a positive threshold a re-entrant behavior appears for the critical line, while above this value the conventional magnetic-field-induced quantum critical scenario remains unchanged. M. T. Mercaldo, I. Rabuffo, L. De Cesare, A. Caramico D'Auria, Eur. Phys. J. B 86, 340 (2013)

  18. All-optical sensing of a single-molecule electron spin

    E-print Network

    A. O. Sushkov; N. Chisholm; I. Lovchinsky; M. Kubo; P. K. Lo; S. D. Bennett; D. Hunger; A. Akimov; R. L. Walsworth; H. Park; M. D. Lukin

    2013-11-07

    We demonstrate an all-optical method for magnetic sensing of individual molecules in ambient conditions at room temperature. Our approach is based on shallow nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers near the surface of a diamond crystal, which we use to detect single paramagnetic molecules covalently attached to the diamond surface. The manipulation and readout of the NV centers is all-optical and provides a sensitive probe of the magnetic field fluctuations stemming from the dynamics of the electronic spins of the attached molecules. As a specific example, we demonstrate detection of a single paramagnetic molecule containing a gadolinium (Gd$^{3+}$) ion. We confirm single-molecule resolution using optical fluorescence and atomic force microscopy to co-localize one NV center and one Gd$^{3+}$-containing molecule. Possible applications include nanoscale and in vivo magnetic spectroscopy and imaging of individual molecules.

  19. A semianalytic Fisher matrix for precessing binaries with a single significant spin

    E-print Network

    O'Shaughnessy, R; Lundgren, A

    2015-01-01

    Gravitational waves from a binary with a single dynamically significant spin, notably including precessing black hole-neutron star (BH-NS) binaries, let us constrain that binary's properties: the two masses and the dominant black hole spin. Based on a straightforward fourier transform of $h(t)$ enabled by the corotating frame, we show the Fisher matrix for precessing binaries can be well-approximated by an extremely simple semianalytic approximation. This approximation can be easily understood as a weighted average of independent information channels, each associated with one gravitational wave harmonic. Generalizing previous studies of nonprecessing binaries to include critical symmetry-breaking precession effects required to understand plausible astrophysical sources, our ansatz can be applied to address how well gravitational wave measurements can address a wide range of astrophysical and fundamental questions. Our approach provides a simple method to assess what parameters gravitational wave detectors can...

  20. Transverse Single-Spin Asymmetries in Proton-Proton Collisions Within Collinear Factorization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pitonyak, Daniel; Kanazawa, Koichi; Koike, Yuji; Metz, Andreas

    2015-02-01

    We provide a new analysis within collinear factorization of transverse single-spin asymmetries (TSSAs) in high transverse momentum charged and neutral pion production in pp collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). This study incorporates the so-called twist-3 fragmentation term and shows that one can describe RHIC data through this mechanism. Moreover, by fixing other non-perturbative inputs through extractions of transverse momentum dependent functions in e+e- ? h1h2X and semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering (SIDIS), we provide for the first time a consistency between certain spin/azimuthal asymmetries in all three reactions (i.e., pp, e+e-, and SIDIS).

  1. Spin filtering and entanglement swapping through coherent evolution of a single quantum dot.

    PubMed

    Coello, Jose Garcia; Bayat, Abolfazl; Bose, Sougato; Jefferson, John H; Creffield, Charles E

    2010-08-20

    We exploit the nondissipative dynamics of a pair of electrons in a large square quantum dot to perform singlet-triplet spin measurement through a single charge detection and show how this may be used for entanglement swapping and teleportation. The method is also used to generate the Affleck-Kennedy-Lieb-Tasaki ground state, a further resource for quantum computation. We justify, and derive analytic results for, an effective charge-spin Hamiltonian which is valid over a wide range of parameters and agrees well with exact numerical results of a realistic effective-mass model. Our analysis also indicates that the method is robust to the choice of dot-size and initialization errors, as well as decoherence. PMID:20868084

  2. A semianalytic Fisher matrix for precessing binaries with a single significant spin

    E-print Network

    R. O'Shaughnessy; P. Nepal; A. Lundgren

    2015-09-22

    Gravitational waves from a binary with a single dynamically significant spin, notably including precessing black hole-neutron star (BH-NS) binaries, let us constrain that binary's properties: the two masses and the dominant black hole spin. Based on a straightforward fourier transform of $h(t)$ enabled by the corotating frame, we show the Fisher matrix for precessing binaries can be well-approximated by an extremely simple semianalytic approximation. This approximation can be easily understood as a weighted average of independent information channels, each associated with one gravitational wave harmonic. Generalizing previous studies of nonprecessing binaries to include critical symmetry-breaking precession effects required to understand plausible astrophysical sources, our ansatz can be applied to address how well gravitational wave measurements can address a wide range of astrophysical and fundamental questions. Our approach provides a simple method to assess what parameters gravitational wave detectors can measure, how well, and why.

  3. Coherent Spin Control at the Quantum Level in an Ensemble-Based Optical Memory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jobez, Pierre; Laplane, Cyril; Timoney, Nuala; Gisin, Nicolas; Ferrier, Alban; Goldner, Philippe; Afzelius, Mikael

    2015-06-01

    Long-lived quantum memories are essential components of a long-standing goal of remote distribution of entanglement in quantum networks. These can be realized by storing the quantum states of light as single-spin excitations in atomic ensembles. However, spin states are often subjected to different dephasing processes that limit the storage time, which in principle could be overcome using spin-echo techniques. Theoretical studies suggest this to be challenging due to unavoidable spontaneous emission noise in ensemble-based quantum memories. Here, we demonstrate spin-echo manipulation of a mean spin excitation of 1 in a large solid-state ensemble, generated through storage of a weak optical pulse. After a storage time of about 1 ms we optically read-out the spin excitation with a high signal-to-noise ratio. Our results pave the way for long-duration optical quantum storage using spin-echo techniques for any ensemble-based memory.

  4. Coherent spin control at the quantum level in an ensemble-based optical memory

    E-print Network

    Pierre Jobez; Cyril Laplane; Nuala Timoney; Nicolas Gisin; Alban Ferrier; Philippe Goldner; Mikael Afzelius

    2015-06-17

    Long-lived quantum memories are essential components of a long-standing goal of remote distribution of entanglement in quantum networks. These can be realized by storing the quantum states of light as single-spin excitations in atomic ensembles. However, spin states are often subjected to different dephasing processes that limit the storage time, which in principle could be overcome using spin-echo techniques. Theoretical studies have suggested this to be challenging due to unavoidable spontaneous emission noise in ensemble-based quantum memories. Here we demonstrate spin-echo manipulation of a mean spin excitation of 1 in a large solid-state ensemble, generated through storage of a weak optical pulse. After a storage time of about 1 ms we optically read out the spin excitation with a high signal-to-noise ratio. Our results pave the way for long-duration optical quantum storage using spin-echo techniques for any ensemble-based memory.

  5. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 86, 125204 (2012) All-optical control of the spin state in the NV-

    E-print Network

    2012-01-01

    anticrossing with regard to full optical control of the electron spin. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.86.125204 PACS advantages, such as high stability and long spin coherence times2­4 up to room temperature and beyond.5 the spin of the ground state can be both initialized and read out optically.14 Optical phase control (spin

  6. Spin-tunnel investigation of the spinning characteristics of typical single-engine general aviation airplane designs. 2: Low-wing model A; tail parachute diameter and canopy distance for emergency spin recovery

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Burk, S. M., Jr.; Bowman, J. S., Jr.; White, W. L.

    1977-01-01

    A spin tunnel study is reported on a scale model of a research airplane typical of low-wing, single-engine, light general aviation airplanes to determine the tail parachute diameter and canopy distance (riser length plus suspension-line length) required for energency spin recovery. Nine tail configurations were tested, resulting in a wide range of developed spin conditions, including steep spins and flat spins. The results indicate that the full-scale parachute diameter required for satisfactory recovery from the most critical conditions investigated is about 3.2 m and that the canopy distance, which was found to be critical for flat spins, should be between 4.6 and 6.1 m.

  7. Flight investigation of the effects of an outboard wing-leading-edge modification on stall/spin characteristics of a low-wing, single-engine, T-tail light airplane

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stough, H. Paul, III; Dicarlo, Daniel J.; Patton, James M., Jr.

    1987-01-01

    Flight tests were performed to investigate the change in stall/spin characteristics due to the addition of an outboard wing-leading-edge modification to a four-place, low-wing, single-engine, T-tail, general aviation research airplane. Stalls and attempted spins were performed for various weights, center of gravity positions, power settings, flap deflections, and landing-gear positions. Both stall behavior and wind resistance were improved compared with the baseline airplane. The latter would readily spin for all combinations of power settings, flap deflections, and aileron inputs, but the modified airplane did not spin at idle power or with flaps extended. With maximum power and flaps retracted, the modified airplane did enter spins with abused loadings or for certain combinations of maneuver and control input. The modified airplane tended to spin at a higher angle of attack than the baseline airplane.

  8. Rare-Earth Triangular Lattice Spin Liquid: A Single-Crystal Study of YbMgGaO_{4}.

    PubMed

    Li, Yuesheng; Chen, Gang; Tong, Wei; Pi, Li; Liu, Juanjuan; Yang, Zhaorong; Wang, Xiaoqun; Zhang, Qingming

    2015-10-16

    YbMgGaO_{4}, a structurally perfect two-dimensional triangular lattice with an odd number of electrons per unit cell and spin-orbit entangled effective spin-1/2 local moments for the Yb^{3+} ions, is likely to experimentally realize the quantum spin liquid ground state. We report the first experimental characterization of single-crystal YbMgGaO_{4} samples. Because of the spin-orbit entanglement, the interaction between the neighboring Yb^{3+} moments depends on the bond orientations and is highly anisotropic in the spin space. We carry out thermodynamic and the electron spin resonance measurements to confirm the anisotropic nature of the spin interaction as well as to quantitatively determine the couplings. Our result is a first step towards the theoretical understanding of the possible quantum spin liquid ground state in this system and sheds new light on the search for quantum spin liquids in strong spin-orbit coupled insulators. PMID:26550899

  9. Controlling a Nanowire Spin-Orbit Qubit via Electric-Dipole Spin Resonance

    E-print Network

    Rui Li; J. Q. You; C. P. Sun; Franco Nori

    2013-09-04

    A semiconductor nanowire quantum dot with strong spin-orbit coupling (SOC) can be used to achieve a spin-orbit qubit. In contrast to a spin qubit, the spin-orbit qubit can respond to an external ac electric field, an effect called electric-dipole spin resonance. Here we develop a theory that can apply in the strong SOC regime. We find that there is an optimal SOC strength \\eta_{opt}=\\sqrt{2}/2, where the Rabi frequency induced by the ac electric field becomes maximal. Also, we show that both the level spacing and the Rabi frequency of the spin-orbit qubit have periodic responses to the direction of the external static magnetic field. These responses can be used to determine the SOC in the nanowire.

  10. Robust state transfer with high fidelity in spin-1/2 chains by Lyapunov control

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shi, Z. C.; Zhao, X. L.; Yi, X. X.

    2015-03-01

    Based on the Lyapunov control, we present a scheme to realize state transfer with high fidelity by only modulating the boundary spins in a quantum spin-1/2 chain. Recall that the conventional transmission protocols aim at nonstationary state (or information) transfer from the first spin to the end spin at a fixed time. The present scheme possesses the following advantages. First, the scheme does not require precise manipulations of the control time. Second, it is robust against uncertainties in the initial states and fluctuations in the control fields. Third, the controls are exerted only on the boundary sites of the chain. It works for variable spin-1/2 chains with different periodic structures and has good scalability. The feasibility to replace the control fields by square pules is explored, which simplifies the realization in experiments.

  11. Single molecule NMR detection and spectroscopy using single spins in diamond

    E-print Network

    Viktor S. Perunicic; Liam T. Hall; David A. Simpson; Charles D. Hill; Lloyd C. L. Hollenberg

    2013-07-31

    Nanomagnetometry using the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centre in diamond has attracted a great deal of interest because of the combined features of room temperature operation, nanoscale resolution and high sensitivity. One of the important goals for nano-magnetometry is to be able to detect nanoscale nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) in individual molecules. Our theoretical analysis shows how a single molecule at the surface of diamond, with characteristic NMR frequencies, can be detected using a proximate NV centre on a time scale of order seconds with nanometer precision. We perform spatio-temporal resolution optimisation and also outline paths to greater sensitivity. In addition, the method is suitable for application in low and relatively inhomogeneous background magnetic fields in contrast to both conventional liquid and solid state NMR spectroscopy.

  12. CdSe/ZnSe quantum dot with a single Mn{sup 2+} ion—A new system for a single spin manipulation

    SciTech Connect

    Smole?ski, T.

    2015-03-21

    We present a magneto-optical study of individual self-assembled CdSe/ZnSe quantum dots doped with single Mn{sup 2+} ions. Properties of the studied dots are analyzed analogously to more explored system of Mn-doped CdTe/ZnTe dots. Characteristic sixfold splitting of the neutral exciton emission line as well as its evolution in the magnetic field are described using a spin Hamiltonian model. Dynamics of both exciton recombination and Mn{sup 2+} spin relaxation are extracted from a series of time-resolved experiments. Presence of a single dopant is shown not to affect the average excitonic lifetime measured for a number of nonmagnetic and Mn-doped dots. On the other hand, non-resonant pumping is demonstrated to depolarize the Mn{sup 2+} spin in a quantum dot placed in external magnetic field. This effect is utilized to determine the ion spin relaxation time in the dark.

  13. PROCEEDINGS OF RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP ENTITLED ''SINGLE SPIN ASYMMETRIES'' (VOLUME 75)

    SciTech Connect

    YUAN, F.; VOGELSANG, W.

    2005-06-01

    Single-transverse spin asymmetries (SSA) in strong interactions have a long history, starting from the 1970s and 1980s when surprisingly large single-transverse spin asymmetries were observed in p+p {yields} {pi}X and pp {yields} {Lambda} + X, where really none were expected. They have again attracted much interest in recent years from both experimental and theoretical sides. In particular, first measurements by the STAR, PHENIX, and BRAHMS collaborations at RHIC have now become available which again reveal large single transverse spin asymmetries for hadron production in polarized proton proton scattering. This extends the SSA observations from the fixed target energy range to the collider regime. Meanwhile, experimental studies in Deep Inelastic Scattering by the HERMES collaboration at DESY, SMC at CERN, and CLAS at JLab also show a remarkably large SSA in semi-inclusive hadron production, {gamma}*p {yields} {pi}X, when the proton is transversely polarized. On the theoretical side, there are several approaches to understanding SSA within Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). For example, to explain the large SSAs for hadron production in hadron collisions, a mechanism that takes into account the contribution from quark-gluon-quark correlations (twist-3) in the nucleon was proposed. On the other hand, possible origins of SSA in DIS and hadronic scattering were also found in leading-twist transverse momentum dependent parton distributions. Current theoretical efforts aim at a better conceptual understanding of these two types of mechanisms, and of their connections. We were very happy at this timely date to bring together the theorists and experimentalists of this field to review and discuss the current theoretical status and the latest experimental results. The whole workshop contained 25 formal talks, both experiment (15) and theory (10), and a few informal talks and many fruitful discussions. The topics covered all the relevant SSA observables, including in Deep Inelastic Scattering, the Drell-Yan process, and in inclusive hadron production and dijet correlations at hadron colliders. There were not only discussions on possible interpretations of the existing SSA data, but also on the future observables for the ongoing experiments as well as for planned experiments (such as RHIC II and eRHIC). On the theory side, the talks ranged from overviews and descriptions of the fundamental aspects of SSAs, to presentations of detailed phenomenological studies. All of the talks attracted much interest and initiated active discussions. Directions for future measurements were pointed out, in particular for studies at RHIC. Also, significant theoretical advances were made that may tie together some of the currently proposed mechanisms for single-spin asymmetries. This was a very successful workshop. It stimulated many discussions and new collaborations.

  14. Cytoplasmic Solvent Structure of Single Barnacle Muscle Cells Studied by Electron Spin Resonance

    PubMed Central

    Sachs, Fred; Latorre, Ramon

    1974-01-01

    A free radical probe was introduced into single barnacle muscle cells, and its freedom of motion inferred from the spin resonance spectra. The probe reported an average local viscosity of 5-10 cp compared with 1 cp for pure water. From a comparison of the temperature dependence of the probe's tumbling rate in model aqueous systems and in the muscle we concluded that in the muscle the probe was undergoing fast exchange between sites of different mobility. Thus 10 cp must be taken as an upper limit for the viscosity of most cell water. PMID:4364470

  15. Hyperon Polarization and Single Spin Left-Right Asymmetry in Inclusive Production Processes at High Energies

    SciTech Connect

    Zuo-tang, L.; Boros, C.; Boros, C.

    1997-11-01

    It is shown that the polarization of hyperons observed in high energy collisions using unpolarized hadron beams and unpolarized nucleon or nuclear targets is closely related to the left-right asymmetries observed in single spin inclusive hadron production processes. The relationship is most obvious for the production of the hyperons which have only one common valence quark with the projectile. Examples of this kind are given. Further implications of the existence of large polarization for a hyperon which has two valence quarks in common with the projectile and their consequences are discussed. A comparison with the available data is made. Further tests are suggested. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  16. Hyperon polarization and single spin left-right asymmetry in inclusive production processes at high energies

    E-print Network

    Liang Zuo-tang; C. Boros

    1997-11-25

    It is shown that the polarization of hyperons observed in high energy collisions using unpolarized hadron beams and unpolarized nucleon or nuclear targets is closely related to the left-right asymmetries observed in single spin inclusive hadron production processes. The relationship is most obvious for the production of the hyperons which have only one common valence quark with the projectile. Examples of this kind are given. Further implications of the existence of large polarization for hyperon which has two valence quarks in common with the projectile and their consequences are discussed. A comparison with the available data is made. Further tests are suggested.

  17. Testing the mechanisms proposed in different models for single-spin asymmetries

    E-print Network

    C. Boros; Z. Liang; T. Meng; R. Rittel

    1996-11-27

    It is shown that the origin of the striking left-right asymmetries observed in single-spin inclusive hadron production processes in high energy hadron-hadron collisions can be traced by performing suitable experiments. Several new experiments are proposed. The possible outcomes are summarized together with those of other relevant experiments which have already been suggested. It is pointed out that the results of such a set of experiments will not only be able to differentiate between existing theoretical models, but also be helpful in locating the source(s) of the observed asymmetries.

  18. Nanoscale magnetic field mapping with a single spin scanning probe magnetometer

    SciTech Connect

    Rondin, L.; Tetienne, J.-P.; Spinicelli, P.; Roch, J.-F.; Jacques, V.; Dal Savio, C.; Karrai, K.; Dantelle, G.; Thiaville, A.; Rohart, S.

    2012-04-09

    We demonstrate quantitative magnetic field mapping with nanoscale resolution, by applying a lock-in technique on the electron spin resonance frequency of a single nitrogen-vacancy defect placed at the apex of an atomic force microscope tip. In addition, we report an all-optical magnetic imaging technique which is sensitive to large off-axis magnetic fields, thus extending the operation range of diamond-based magnetometry. Both techniques are illustrated by using a magnetic hard disk as a test sample. Owing to the non-perturbing and quantitative nature of the magnetic probe, this work should open up numerous perspectives in nanomagnetism and spintronics.

  19. Generating Entangled Spin States for Quantum Metrology by Single-Photon Detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McConnell, Robert; Zhang, Hao; Cuk, Senka; Hu, Jiazhong; Schleier-Smith, Monika; Vuletic, Vladan

    2014-05-01

    We present a proposal and latest experimental results on a probabilistic but heralded scheme to generate non-Gaussian entangled states of collective spin in large atomic ensembles by means of single-photon detection. One photon announces the preparation of a Dicke state, while two or more photons announce Schrödinger cat states. The entangled states thus produced allow interferometry below the Standard Quantum Limit (SQL). The method produces nearly pure states even for finite photon detection efficiency and weak atom-photon coupling. The entanglement generation can be made quasi-deterministic by means of repeated trial and feedback.

  20. Dual-channel lock-in magnetometer with a single spin in diamond

    E-print Network

    N. M. Nusran; M. V. Gurudev Dutt

    2014-07-02

    We present an experimental method to perform dual-channel lock-in magnetometry of time-dependent magnetic fields using a single spin associated with a nitrogen-vacancy (NV) color center in diamond. We incorporate multi-pulse quantum sensing sequences with phase estimation algorithms to achieve linearized field readout and constant, nearly decoherence-limited sensitivity over a wide dynamic range. Furthermore, we demonstrate unambiguous reconstruction of the amplitude and phase of the magnetic field. We show that our technique can be applied to measure random phase jumps in the magnetic field, as well as phase-sensitive readout of the frequency.

  1. Single-Spin Asymmetries for Small-Angle Pion Production in High-Energy Hadron Collisions

    E-print Network

    Azad Ahmedov; Igor V. Akushevich; Eduard A. Kuraev; Philip G. Ratcliffe

    1999-02-21

    Within the framework of a simple model, we study single-spin asymmetries for pion production in hadron-hadron collisions at high-energies with one hadron polarised. The asymmetries are generated via a mechanism of final (initial) state interactions. For peripheral kinematics, when the pion belongs to the fragmentation region of the polarised proton, we find non-zero asymmetries in the high-energy limit. Numerical results and comparision with existing experimental data are presented. We also discuss the relationship with odderon exchange phenomenology.

  2. Controlling the quantum state of a single photon emitted from a single polariton

    E-print Network

    Jovica Stanojevic; Valentina Parigi; Erwan Bimbard; Rosa Tualle-Brouri; Alexei Ourjoumtsev; Philippe Grangier

    2012-02-28

    We investigate in detail the optimal conditions for a high fidelity transfer from a single-polariton state to a single-photon state and subsequent homodyne detection of the single photon. We assume that, using various possible techniques, the single polariton has initially been stored as a spin-wave grating in a cloud of cold atoms inside a low-finesse cavity. This state is then transferred to a single-photon optical pulse using an auxiliary beam. We optimize the retrieval efficiency and determine the mode of the local oscillator that maximizes the homodyne efficiency of such a photon. We find that both efficiencies can have values close to one in a large region of experimental parameters.

  3. Controlling the quantum state of a single photon emitted from a single polariton

    SciTech Connect

    Stanojevic, Jovica; Parigi, Valentina; Bimbard, Erwan; Tualle-Brouri, Rosa; Ourjoumtsev, Alexei; Grangier, Philippe

    2011-11-15

    We investigate in detail the optimal conditions for a high fidelity transfer from a single-polariton state to a single-photon state and subsequent homodyne detection of the single photon. We assume that, using various possible techniques, the single polariton has initially been stored as a spin-wave grating in a cloud of cold atoms inside a low-finesse cavity. This state is then transferred to a single-photon optical pulse using an auxiliary beam. We optimize the retrieval efficiency and determine the mode of the local oscillator that maximizes the homodyne efficiency of such a photon. We find that both efficiencies can have values close to one in a large region of experimental parameters.

  4. Continuous dynamical decoupling of a single diamond nitrogen-vacancy center spin with a mechanical resonator

    E-print Network

    E. R. MacQuarrie; T. A. Gosavi; S. A. Bhave; G. D. Fuchs

    2015-10-05

    Inhomogeneous dephasing from uncontrolled environmental noise can limit the coherence of a quantum sensor or qubit. For solid state spin qubits such as the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in diamond, a dominant source of environmental noise is magnetic field fluctuations due to nearby paramagnetic impurities and instabilities in a magnetic bias field. In this work, we use ac stress generated by a diamond mechanical resonator to engineer a dressed spin basis in which a single NV center qubit is less sensitive to its magnetic environment. For a qubit in the thermally isolated subspace of this protected basis, we prolong the dephasing time $T_2^*$ from $2.7\\pm0.1$ $\\mu$s to $15\\pm1$ $\\mu$s by dressing with a $\\Omega=581\\pm2$ kHz mechanical Rabi field. Furthermore, we develop a model that quantitatively predicts the relationship between $\\Omega$ and $T_2^*$ in the dressed basis. Our model suggests that a combination of magnetic field fluctuations and hyperfine coupling to nearby nuclear spins limits the protected coherence time over the range of $\\Omega$ accessed here. We show that amplitude noise in $\\Omega$ will dominate the dephasing for larger driving fields.

  5. Molecular quantum spintronics: supramolecular spin valves based on single-molecule magnets and carbon nanotubes.

    PubMed

    Urdampilleta, Matias; Nguyen, Ngoc-Viet; Cleuziou, Jean-Pierre; Klyatskaya, Svetlana; Ruben, Mario; Wernsdorfer, Wolfgang

    2011-01-01

    We built new hybrid devices consisting of chemical vapor deposition (CVD) grown carbon nanotube (CNT) transistors, decorated with TbPc(2) (Pc = phthalocyanine) rare-earth based single-molecule magnets (SMMs). The drafting was achieved by tailoring supramolecular ?-? interactions between CNTs and SMMs. The magnetoresistance hysteresis loop measurements revealed steep steps, which we can relate to the magnetization reversal of individual SMMs. Indeed, we established that the electronic transport properties of these devices depend strongly on the relative magnetization orientations of the grafted SMMs. The SMMs are playing the role of localized spin polarizer and analyzer on the CNT electronic conducting channel. As a result, we measured magneto-resistance ratios up to several hundred percent. We used this spin valve effect to confirm the strong uniaxial anisotropy and the superparamagnetic blocking temperature (T(B) ~ 1 K) of isolated TbPc(2) SMMs. For the first time, the strength of exchange interaction between the different SMMs of the molecular spin valve geometry could be determined. Our results introduce a new design for operable molecular spintronic devices using the quantum effects of individual SMMs. PMID:22072910

  6. Sensing of single nuclear spins in random thermal motion with proximate nitrogen-vacancy centers

    E-print Network

    M. Bruderer; P. Fernández-Acebal; M. B. Plenio

    2015-08-04

    Nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond have emerged as a valuable tool for sensing and polarizing spins. Motivated by potential applications in chemistry, biology and medicine we show that NV-based sensors are capable of detecting single spin targets even if they undergo diffusive motion in an ambient thermal environment. Focusing on experimentally relevant diffusion regimes we derive an effective model for the NV-target interaction, where parameters entering the model are obtained from numerical simulations of the target motion. The practicality of our approach is demonstrated by analyzing two realistic experimental scenarios: (i) time-resolved sensing of a fluorine target bound to an NHC-Ru catalyst that is immobilized on the diamond surface and (ii) detection of an electron spin label by an NV center in a nanodiamond, both attached to a vibrating chemokine receptor in thermal motion. We find in particular that the detachment of a fluorine target from the NHC-Ru carrier molecule can be monitored with a time resolution of a few seconds.

  7. Teleportation of Electronic Many-Qubit States Encoded in the Electron Spin of Quantum Dots via Single Photons

    E-print Network

    Flatte, Michael E.

    Single Photons Michael N. Leuenberger and Michael E. Flatte´ Department of Physics and Astronomy and OSTC propose a teleportation scheme that relies only on single-photon measurements and Faraday rotation. The interaction between a photon and the two electron spins, via Faraday rotation in micro- cavities, establishes

  8. Spin-glass behaviors in carrier polarity controlled Fe3-xTixO4 semiconductor thin films

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamahara, H.; Seki, M.; Adachi, M.; Takahashi, M.; Nasu, H.; Horiba, K.; Kumigashira, H.; Tabata, H.

    2015-08-01

    Carrier-type control of spin-glass (cluster spin-glass) is studied in order to engineer basic magnetic semiconductor elements using the memory functions of spin-glass. A key of carrier-polarity control in magnetite is the valence engineering between Fe(II) and Fe(III) that is achieved by Ti(IV) substitution. Single phases of (001)-oriented Fe3-xTixO4 thin films have been obtained on spinel MgAl2O4 substrates by pulsed laser deposition. Thermoelectric power measurements reveal that Ti-rich films (x = 0.8) show p-type conduction, while Ti-poor films (x = 0.6-0.75) show n-type conduction. The systematic Fe(III) reduction to Fe(II) followed by Ti(IV) substitution in the octahedral sublattice is confirmed by the X-ray absorption spectra. All of the Fe3-xTixO4 films (x = 0.6-0.8) exhibit ferrimagnetism above room temperature. Next, the spin-glass behaviors of Ti-rich Fe2.2Ti0.8O4 film are studied, since this magnetically diluted system is expected to exhibit the spin-glass behaviors. The DC magnetization and AC susceptibility measurements for the Ti-rich Fe2.2Ti0.8O4 film reveal the presence of the spin glass phase. Thermal- and magnetic-field-history memory effects are observed and are attributed to the long time-decay nature of remanent magnetization. The detailed analysis of the time-dependent thermoremanent magnetization reveals the presence of the cluster spin glass state.

  9. Spin-wave storage using chirped control fields in atomic frequency comb-based quantum memory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miná?, Ji?í; Sangouard, Nicolas; Afzelius, Mikael; de Riedmatten, Hugues; Gisin, Nicolas

    2010-10-01

    It has been shown that an inhomogeneously broadened optical transition shaped into an atomic frequency comb can store a large number of temporal modes of the electromagnetic field at the single-photon level without the need to increase the optical depth of the storage material. The readout of light modes is made efficient thanks to the rephasing of the optical-wavelength coherence similar to photon-echo-type techniques, and the reemission time is given by the comb structure. For on-demand readout and long storage times, two control fields are used to transfer the optical coherence back and forth into a spin wave. Here, we present a detailed analysis of the spin-wave storage based on chirped adiabatic control fields. In particular, we verify that chirped fields require significantly weaker intensities than ? pulses. The price to pay is a reduction of the multimode storage capacity that we quantify for realistic material parameters associated with solids doped with rare-earth-metal ions.

  10. Spin Wave Storage using Chirped Control Fields in Atomic Frequency Comb based Quantum Memory

    E-print Network

    Ji?í Miná?; Nicolas Sangouard; Mikael Afzelius; Hugues de Riedmatten; Nicolas Gisin

    2010-08-13

    It has been shown that an inhomogeneously broadened optical transition shaped into an atomic frequency comb can store a large number of temporal modes of the electromagnetic field at the single photon level without the need to increase the optical depth of the storage material. The readout of light modes is made efficient thanks to the rephasing of the optical-wavelength coherence similarly to photon echo-type techniques and the re-emission time is given by the comb structure. For on-demand readout and long storage times, two control fields are used to transfer back and forth the optical coherence into a spin wave. Here, we present a detailed analysis of the spin wave storage based on chirped adiabatic control fields. In particular, we verify that chirped fields require significantly weaker intensities than $\\pi$-pulses. The price to pay is a reduction of the multimode storage capacity that we quantify for realistic material parameters associated with solids doped with rare-earth-metal ions.

  11. Electric control of spin in monolayer WSe2 field effect transistors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Lei; Gong, Kui; Liu, Dongping; Liu, Lei; Zhu, Yu; Zhao, Yonghong; Guo, Hong; Nanoacademic Technologies Inc. Collaboration; McGill University Team

    2014-03-01

    We report a first principles theoretical investigation of quantum transport in monolayer WSe2 field effect transistor (FET). Due to a strong spin-orbit interaction (SOI) and the atomic structure of the two-dimensional (2D) lattice, monolayer WSe2 has an interesting electronic structure that exhibits Zeeman-like up-down spin texture near the K and K' points of the Brillouin zone. In a FET, the gate electric field induces an extra, externally tunable SOI that re-orients the spins into a Rashba-like texture thereby realizing electric control of the spin. Quantum transport is modulated by the spin texture, namely by if the spin orientation of the carrier after the gated channel region, matches or miss-matches that of the FET drain electrode. The carrier current in the FET is labelled both the spin index and the valley index, realizing spintronics and valleytronics in the same device.

  12. Electric control of spin in monolayer WSe2 field effect transistors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gong, Kui; Zhang, Lei; Liu, Dongping; Liu, Lei; Zhu, Yu; Zhao, Yonghong; Guo, Hong

    2014-10-01

    We report first-principles theoretical investigations of quantum transport in a monolayer WSe2 field effect transistor (FET). Due to strong spin-orbit interaction (SOI) and the atomic structure of the two-dimensional lattice, monolayer WSe2 has an electronic structure that exhibits Zeeman-like up-down spin texture near the K and K\\prime points of the Brillouin zone. In a FET, the gate electric field induces an extra, externally tunable SOI that re-orients the spins into a Rashba-like texture thereby realizing electric control of the spin. The conductance of FET is modulated by the spin texture, namely by if the spin orientation of the carrier after the gated channel region, matches or miss-matches that of the FET drain electrode. The carrier current {{I}? ,s} in the FET is labelled by both the valley index and spin index, realizing valleytronics and spintronics in the same device.

  13. Magnetoelectric effects and valley-controlled spin quantum gates in transition metal dichalcogenide bilayers

    SciTech Connect

    Gong, Zhirui; Liu, G. B.; Yu, Hongyi; Xiao, Di; Cui, Xiaodong; Xu, Xiaodong; Yao, Wang

    2013-01-01

    In monolayer group-VI transition metal dichalcogenides, charge carriers have spin and valley degrees of freedom, both associated with magnetic moments. On the other hand, the layer degree of freedom in multilayers is associated with electrical polarization. Here we show that transition metal dichalcogenide bilayers offer an unprecedented platform to realize a strong coupling between the spin, valley and layer pseudospin of holes. Such coupling gives rise to the spin Hall effect and spin-dependent selection rule for optical transitions in inversion symmetric bilayer and leads to a variety of magnetoelectric effects permitting quantum manipulation of these electronic degrees of freedom. Oscillating electric and magnetic fields can both drive the hole spin resonance where the two fields have valley-dependent interference, making an interplay between the spin and valley as information carriers possible for potential valley-spintronic applications. We show how to realize quantum gates on the spin qubit controlled by the valley bit.

  14. Stark shift control of single optical centers in diamond

    E-print Network

    Ph. Tamarat; T. Gaebel; J. R. Rabeau; M. Khan; A. D. Greentree; H. Wilson; L. C. L. Hollenberg; S. Prawer; P. Hemmer; F. Jelezko; J. Wrachtrup

    2006-07-25

    Lifetime limited optical excitation lines of single nitrogen vacancy (NV) defect centers in diamond have been observed at liquid helium temperature. They display unprecedented spectral stability over many seconds and excitation cycles. Spectral tuning of the spin selective optical resonances was performed via the application of an external electric field (i.e. the Stark shift). A rich variety of Stark shifts were observed including linear as well as quadratic components. The ability to tune the excitation lines of single NV centers has potential applications in quantum information processing.

  15. Single spin asymmetries in inclusive high energy hadron-hadron collision processes

    E-print Network

    Zuo-tang Liang; C. Boros

    2000-01-31

    It has been realized for quite a long time that single-spin experiments, in which one of the colliding objects is transversely polarized, can be helpful in studying the properties of strong interaction in general and in testing Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) in particular. Striking effects have been observed in the past few years which deviate drastically from the expectation of the perturbative QCD parton model. These effects have received much attention. New experiments of the similar type are underway and/or planned. Different theoretical attempts have been made to understand these effects. In this review, the special role played by singly polarized high-energy hadron-hadron collisions in High Energy Spin Physics is emphasized. Characteristics of the available data for inclusive hadron productions are briefly summarized. Different theoretical approaches for such processes are reviewed with special attention to a non-perturbative model which explicitly takes the orbital motion of the valence quarks and hadronic surface effects into account. The connection between such asymmetries and hyperon polarization in unpolarized reactions is discussed. An example of the possible application of such experimental results in other processes is given.

  16. Efficient route to high-bandwidth nanoscale magnetometry using single spins in diamond

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Puentes, Graciana; Waldherr, Gerald; Neumann, Philipp; Balasubramanian, Gopalakrishnan; Wrachtrup, Jörg

    2014-04-01

    Nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in diamond is a promising quantum metrology tool finding applications across disciplines. The spin sensor measures magnetic fields, electric fields and temperature with nano-scale precision and is fully operable under ambient conditions. Moreover, it achieves precision scaling inversely with total measurement time ?B ~ 1/T (Heisenberg scaling) rather than as the inverse of the square root of T, with the Shot-Noise limit. This scaling can be achieved by means of phase estimation algorithms (PEAs), in combination with single-shot read-out. Despite their accuracy, the range of applicability of PEAs is limited to sensing single frequencies with negligible temporal fluctuations. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) signals from molecules often contain multifrequency components and sensing them using PEA is ruled out. Here we propose an alternative method for precision magnetometry in frequency multiplexed signals via compressive sensing (CS) techniques focusing on nanoscale NMR. We show that CS can provide for precision scaling approximately as ?B ~ 1/T, as well as for a 5-fold increase in sensitivity over dynamic-range gain, in addition to reducing the total number of resources required. We illustrate our method by taking model solid-state spectra of Glycine acquired under Magic Angle Spinning conditions.

  17. Single-Spin Asymmetries in W Boson Production at Next-to-Leading Order

    E-print Network

    Felix Ringer; Werner Vogelsang

    2015-05-22

    We present an analytic next-to-leading order QCD calculation of the partonic cross sections for single-inclusive lepton production in hadronic collisions, when the lepton originates from the decay of an intermediate electroweak boson and is produced at high transverse momentum. In particular, we consider the case of incoming longitudinally polarized protons for which parity-violating single-spin asymmetries arise that are exploited in the $W$ boson program at RHIC to constrain the proton's helicity parton distributions. Our calculation enables a very fast and efficient numerical computation of the relevant spin asymmetries at RHIC, which is an important ingredient for the inclusion of RHIC data in a global analysis of nucleon helicity structure. We confirm the validity of our calculation by comparing with an existing code that treats the next-to-leading order cross sections entirely numerically by Monte-Carlo integration techniques. We also provide new comparisons of the present RHIC data with results for some of the sets of polarized parton distributions available in the literature.

  18. Efficient route to high-bandwidth nanoscale magnetometry using single spins in diamond

    PubMed Central

    Puentes, Graciana; Waldherr, Gerald; Neumann, Philipp; Balasubramanian, Gopalakrishnan; Wrachtrup, Jörg

    2014-01-01

    Nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in diamond is a promising quantum metrology tool finding applications across disciplines. The spin sensor measures magnetic fields, electric fields and temperature with nano-scale precision and is fully operable under ambient conditions. Moreover, it achieves precision scaling inversely with total measurement time ?B ? 1/T (Heisenberg scaling) rather than as the inverse of the square root of T, with the Shot-Noise limit. This scaling can be achieved by means of phase estimation algorithms (PEAs), in combination with single-shot read-out. Despite their accuracy, the range of applicability of PEAs is limited to sensing single frequencies with negligible temporal fluctuations. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) signals from molecules often contain multifrequency components and sensing them using PEA is ruled out. Here we propose an alternative method for precision magnetometry in frequency multiplexed signals via compressive sensing (CS) techniques focusing on nanoscale NMR. We show that CS can provide for precision scaling approximately as ?B ? 1/T, as well as for a 5-fold increase in sensitivity over dynamic-range gain, in addition to reducing the total number of resources required. We illustrate our method by taking model solid-state spectra of Glycine acquired under Magic Angle Spinning conditions. PMID:24728454

  19. Single-Chip Microcomputer Control Of The PWM Inverter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Morimoto, Masayuki; Sato, Shinji; Sumito, Kiyotaka; Oshitani, Katsumi

    1987-10-01

    A single-chip microcomputer-based con-troller for a pulsewidth modulated 1.7 KVA inverter of an airconditioner is presented. The PWM pattern generation and the system control of the airconditioner are achieved by software of the 8-bit single-chip micro-computer. The single-chip microcomputer has the disadvantages of low processing speed and small memory capacity which can be overcome by the magnetic flux control method. The PWM pattern is generated every 90 psec. The memory capacity of the PWM look-up table is less than 2 kbytes. The simple and reliable control is realized by the software-based implementation.

  20. Single spin asymmetry AN in polarized proton-proton elastic scattering at ?{ s} = 200 GeV

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adamczyk, L.; Agakishiev, G.; Aggarwal, M. M.; Ahammed, Z.; Alakhverdyants, A. V.; Alekseev, I.; Alford, J.; Anson, C. D.; Arkhipkin, D.; Aschenauer, E.; Averichev, G. S.; Balewski, J.; Banerjee, A.; Barnovska, Z.; Beavis, D. R.; Bellwied, R.; Betancourt, M. J.; Betts, R. R.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A. K.; Bichsel, H.; Bielcik, J.; Bielcikova, J.; Bland, L. C.; Bordyuzhin, I. G.; Borowski, W.; Bouchet, J.; Brandin, A. V.; Brovko, S. G.; Bruna, E.; Bültmann, S.; Bunzarov, I.; Burton, T. P.; Butterworth, J.; Cai, X. Z.; Caines, H.; Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M.; Cebra, D.; Cendejas, R.; Cervantes, M. C.; Chaloupka, P.; Chang, Z.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H. F.; Chen, J. H.; Chen, J. Y.; Chen, L.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Christie, W.; Chung, P.; Chwastowski, J.; Codrington, M. J. M.; Corliss, R.; Cramer, J. G.; Crawford, H. J.; Cui, X.; Das, S.; Davila Leyva, A.; De Silva, L. C.; Debbe, R. R.; Dedovich, T. G.; Deng, J.; Derradi de Souza, R.; Dhamija, S.; Didenko, L.; Ding, F.; Dion, A.; Djawotho, P.; Dong, X.; Drachenberg, J. L.; Draper, J. E.; Du, C. M.; Dunkelberger, L. E.; Dunlop, J. C.; Efimov, L. G.; Elnimr, M.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Eun, L.; Evdokimov, O.; Fatemi, R.; Fazio, S.; Fedorisin, J.; Fersch, R. G.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fisyak, Y.; Gagliardi, C. A.; Gangadharan, D. R.; Geurts, F.; Gibson, A.; Gliske, S.; Gorbunov, Y. N.; Grebenyuk, O. G.; Grosnick, D.; Gupta, S.; Guryn, W.; Haag, B.; Hajkova, O.; Hamed, A.; Han, L.-X.; Harris, J. W.; Hays-Wehle, J. P.; Heppelmann, S.; Hirsch, A.; Hoffmann, G. W.; Hofman, D. J.; Horvat, S.; Huang, B.; Huang, H. Z.; Huck, P.; Humanic, T. J.; Huo, L.; Igo, G.; Jacobs, W. W.; Jena, C.; Judd, E. G.; Kabana, S.; Kang, K.; Kapitan, J.; Kauder, K.; Ke, H. W.; Keane, D.; Kechechyan, A.; Kesich, A.; Kikola, D. P.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisel, I.; Kisiel, A.; Kizka, V.; Klein, S. R.; Koetke, D. D.; Kollegger, T.; Konzer, J.; Koralt, I.; Koroleva, L.; Korsch, W.; Kotchenda, L.; Kravtsov, P.; Krueger, K.; Kulakov, I.; Kumar, L.; Lamont, M. A. C.; Landgraf, J. M.; LaPointe, S.; Lauret, J.; Lebedev, A.; Lednicky, R.; Lee, J. H.; Leight, W.; LeVine, M. J.; Li, C.; Li, L.; Li, W.; Li, X.; Li, X.; Li, Y.; Li, Z. M.; Lima, L. M.; Lisa, M. A.; Liu, F.; Ljubicic, T.; Llope, W. J.; Longacre, R. S.; Lu, Y.; Luo, X.; Luszczak, A.; Ma, G. L.; Ma, Y. G.; Madagodagettige Don, D. M. M. D.; Mahapatra, D. P.; Majka, R.; Mall, O. I.; Margetis, S.; Markert, C.; Masui, H.; Matis, H. S.; McDonald, D.; McShane, T. S.; Mioduszewski, S.; Mitrovski, M. K.; Mohammed, Y.; Mohanty, B.; Mondal, M. M.; Morozov, B.; Munhoz, M. G.; Mustafa, M. K.; Naglis, M.; Nandi, B. K.; Nasim, Md.; Nayak, T. K.; Nelson, J. M.; Nogach, L. V.; Novak, J.; Odyniec, G.; Ogawa, A.; Oh, K.; Ohlson, A.; Okorokov, V.; Oldag, E. W.; Oliveira, R. A. N.; Olson, D.; Ostrowski, P.; Pachr, M.; Page, B. S.; Pal, S. K.; Pan, Y. X.; Pandit, Y.; Panebratsev, Y.; Pawlak, T.; Pawlik, B.; Pei, H.; Perkins, C.; Peryt, W.; Pile, P.; Planinic, M.; Pluta, J.; Plyku, D.; Poljak, N.; Porter, J.; Poskanzer, A. M.; Powell, C. B.; Pruneau, C.; Pruthi, N. K.; Przybycien, M.; Pujahari, P. R.; Putschke, J.; Qiu, H.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Ray, R. L.; Redwine, R.; Reed, R.; Riley, C. K.; Ritter, H. G.; Roberts, J. B.; Rogachevskiy, O. V.; Romero, J. L.; Ross, J. F.; Ruan, L.; Rusnak, J.; Sahoo, N. R.; Sahu, P. K.; Sakrejda, I.; Salur, S.; Sandacz, A.; Sandweiss, J.; Sangaline, E.; Sarkar, A.; Schambach, J.; Scharenberg, R. P.; Schmah, A. M.; Schmidke, B.; Schmitz, N.; Schuster, T. R.; Seele, J.; Seger, J.; Seyboth, P.; Shah, N.; Shahaliev, E.; Shao, M.; Sharma, B.; Sharma, M.; Shi, S. S.; Shou, Q. Y.; Sichtermann, E. P.; Singaraju, R. N.; Skoby, M. J.; Smirnov, D.; Smirnov, N.; Solanki, D.; Sorensen, P.; deSouza, U. G.; Spinka, H. M.; Srivastava, B.; Stanislaus, T. D. S.; Steadman, S. G.; Stevens, J. R.; Stock, R.; Strikhanov, M.; Stringfellow, B.; Suaide, A. A. P.; Suarez, M. C.; Sumbera, M.; Sun, X. M.; Sun, Y.; Sun, Z.; Surrow, B.; Svirida, D. N.; Symons, T. J. M.; Szanto de Toledo, A.; Takahashi, J.; Tang, A. H.; Tang, Z.; Tarini, L. H.; Tarnowsky, T.; Thein, D.; Thomas, J. H.; Tian, J.; Timmins, A. R.; Tlusty, D.; Tokarev, M.; Trentalange, S.; Tribble, R. E.; Tribedy, P.; Trzeciak, B. A.; Tsai, O. D.; Turnau, J.; Ullrich, T.; Underwood, D. G.; Van Buren, G.; van Nieuwenhuizen, G.; Vanfossen, J. A.; Varma, R.; Vasconcelos, G. M. S.; Videbæk, F.; Viyogi, Y. P.; Vokal, S.; Voloshin, S. A.; Vossen, A.; Wada, M.; Wang, F.; Wang, G.; Wang, H.; Wang, J. S.; Wang, Q.; Wang, X. L.; Wang, Y.; Webb, G.; Webb, J. C.; Westfall, G. D.; Whitten, C.; Wieman, H.; Wissink, S. W.; Witt, R.; Witzke, W.; Wu, Y. F.; Xiao, Z.; Xie, W.; Xin, K.; Xu, H.; Xu, N.; Xu, Q. H.; Xu, W.; Xu, Y.; Xu, Z.; Xue, L.; Yang, Y.; Yang, Y.; Yepes, P.; Yi, Y.; Yip, K.; Yoo, I.-K.

    2013-02-01

    We report a high precision measurement of the transverse single spin asymmetry AN at the center of mass energy ?{ s} = 200 GeV in elastic proton-proton scattering by the STAR experiment at RHIC. The AN was measured in the four-momentum transfer squared t range 0.003 ? | t | ? 0.035 (GeV / c) 2, the region of a significant interference between the electromagnetic and hadronic scattering amplitudes. The measured values of AN and its t-dependence are consistent with a vanishing hadronic spin-flip amplitude, thus providing strong constraints on the ratio of the single spin-flip to the non-flip amplitudes. Since the hadronic amplitude is dominated by the Pomeron amplitude at this ?{ s}, we conclude that this measurement addresses the question about the presence of a hadronic spin flip due to the Pomeron exchange in polarized proton-proton elastic scattering.

  1. Single spin asymmetry AN in polarized proton-proton elastic scattering at s=200 GeV

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    STAR Collaboration; Adamczyk, L.; Agakishiev, G.; Aggarwal, M. M.; Ahammed, Z.; Alakhverdyants, A. V.; Alekseev, I.; Alford, J.; Anson, C. D.; Arkhipkin, D.; Aschenauer, E.; Averichev, G. S.; Balewski, J.; Banerjee, A.; Barnovska, Z.; Beavis, D. R.; Bellwied, R.; Betancourt, M. J.; Betts, R. R.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A. K.; Bichsel, H.; Bielcik, J.; Bielcikova, J.; Bland, L. C.; Bordyuzhin, I. G.; Borowski, W.; Bouchet, J.; Brandin, A. V.; Brovko, S. G.; Bruna, E.; Bültmann, S.; Bunzarov, I.; Burton, T. P.; Butterworth, J.; Cai, X. Z.; Caines, H.; Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M.; Cebra, D.; Cendejas, R.; Cervantes, M. C.; Chaloupka, P.; Chang, Z.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H. F.; Chen, J. H.; Chen, J. Y.; Chen, L.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Christie, W.; Chung, P.; Chwastowski, J.; Codrington, M. J. M.; Corliss, R.; Cramer, J. G.; Crawford, H. J.; Cui, X.; Das, S.; Davila Leyva, A.; De Silva, L. C.; Debbe, R. R.; Dedovich, T. G.; Deng, J.; Derradi de Souza, R.; Dhamija, S.; Didenko, L.; Ding, F.; Dion, A.; Djawotho, P.; Dong, X.; Drachenberg, J. L.; Draper, J. E.; Du, C. M.; Dunkelberger, L. E.; Dunlop, J. C.; Efimov, L. G.; Elnimr, M.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Eun, L.; Evdokimov, O.; Fatemi, R.; Fazio, S.; Fedorisin, J.; Fersch, R. G.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fisyak, Y.; Gagliardi, C. A.; Gangadharan, D. R.; Geurts, F.; Gibson, A.; Gliske, S.; Gorbunov, Y. N.; Grebenyuk, O. G.; Grosnick, D.; Gupta, S.; Guryn, W.; Haag, B.; Hajkova, O.; Hamed, A.; Han, L.-X.; Harris, J. W.; Hays-Wehle, J. P.; Heppelmann, S.; Hirsch, A.; Hoffmann, G. W.; Hofman, D. J.; Horvat, S.; Huang, B.; Huang, H. Z.; Huck, P.; Humanic, T. J.; Huo, L.; Igo, G.; Jacobs, W. W.; Jena, C.; Judd, E. G.; Kabana, S.; Kang, K.; Kapitan, J.; Kauder, K.; Ke, H. W.; Keane, D.; Kechechyan, A.; Kesich, A.; Kikola, D. P.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisel, I.; Kisiel, A.; Kizka, V.; Klein, S. R.; Koetke, D. D.; Kollegger, T.; Konzer, J.; Koralt, I.; Koroleva, L.; Korsch, W.; Kotchenda, L.; Kravtsov, P.; Krueger, K.; Kulakov, I.; Kumar, L.; Lamont, M. A. C.; Landgraf, J. M.; LaPointe, S.; Lauret, J.; Lebedev, A.; Lednicky, R.; Lee, J. H.; Leight, W.; LeVine, M. J.; Li, C.; Li, L.; Li, W.; Li, X.; Li, X.; Li, Y.; Li, Z. M.; Lima, L. M.; Lisa, M. A.; Liu, F.; Ljubicic, T.; Llope, W. J.; Longacre, R. S.; Lu, Y.; Luo, X.; Luszczak, A.; Ma, G. L.; Ma, Y. G.; Madagodagettige Don, D. M. M. D.; Mahapatra, D. P.; Majka, R.; Mall, O. I.; Margetis, S.; Markert, C.; Masui, H.; Matis, H. S.; McDonald, D.; McShane, T. S.; Mioduszewski, S.; Mitrovski, M. K.; Mohammed, Y.; Mohanty, B.; Mondal, M. M.; Morozov, B.; Munhoz, M. G.; Mustafa, M. K.; Naglis, M.; Nandi, B. K.; Nasim, Md.; Nayak, T. K.; Nelson, J. M.; Nogach, L. V.; Novak, J.; Odyniec, G.; Ogawa, A.; Oh, K.; Ohlson, A.; Okorokov, V.; Oldag, E. W.; Oliveira, R. A. N.; Olson, D.; Ostrowski, P.; Pachr, M.; Page, B. S.; Pal, S. K.; Pan, Y. X.; Pandit, Y.; Panebratsev, Y.; Pawlak, T.; Pawlik, B.; Pei, H.; Perkins, C.; Peryt, W.; Pile, P.; Planinic, M.; Pluta, J.; Plyku, D.; Poljak, N.; Porter, J.; Poskanzer, A. M.; Powell, C. B.; Pruneau, C.; Pruthi, N. K.; Przybycien, M.; Pujahari, P. R.; Putschke, J.; Qiu, H.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Ray, R. L.; Redwine, R.; Reed, R.; Riley, C. K.; Ritter, H. G.; Roberts, J. B.; Rogachevskiy, O. V.; Romero, J. L.; Ross, J. F.; Ruan, L.; Rusnak, J.; Sahoo, N. R.; Sahu, P. K.; Sakrejda, I.; Salur, S.; Sandacz, A.; Sandweiss, J.; Sangaline, E.; Sarkar, A.; Schambach, J.; Scharenberg, R. P.; Schmah, A. M.; Schmidke, B.; Schmitz, N.; Schuster, T. R.; Seele, J.; Seger, J.; Seyboth, P.; Shah, N.; Shahaliev, E.; Shao, M.; Sharma, B.; Sharma, M.; Shi, S. S.; Shou, Q. Y.; Sichtermann, E. P.; Singaraju, R. N.; Skoby, M. J.; Smirnov, D.; Smirnov, N.; Solanki, D.; Sorensen, P.; deSouza, U. G.; Spinka, H. M.; Srivastava, B.; Stanislaus, T. D. S.; Steadman, S. G.; Stevens, J. R.; Stock, R.; Strikhanov, M.; Stringfellow, B.; Suaide, A. A. P.; Suarez, M. C.; Sumbera, M.; Sun, X. M.; Sun, Y.; Sun, Z.; Surrow, B.; Svirida, D. N.; Symons, T. J. M.; Szanto de Toledo, A.; Takahashi, J.; Tang, A. H.; Tang, Z.; Tarini, L. H.; Tarnowsky, T.; Thein, D.; Thomas, J. H.; Tian, J.; Timmins, A. R.; Tlusty, D.; Tokarev, M.; Trentalange, S.; Tribble, R. E.; Tribedy, P.; Trzeciak, B. A.; Tsai, O. D.; Turnau, J.; Ullrich, T.; Underwood, D. G.; Van Buren, G.; van Nieuwenhuizen, G.; Vanfossen, J. A.; Varma, R.; Vasconcelos, G. M. S.; Videbæk, F.; Viyogi, Y. P.; Vokal, S.; Voloshin, S. A.; Vossen, A.; Wada, M.; Wang, F.; Wang, G.; Wang, H.; Wang, J. S.; Wang, Q.; Wang, X. L.; Wang, Y.; Webb, G.; Webb, J. C.; Westfall, G. D.; Whitten, C.; Wieman, H.; Wissink, S. W.; Witt, R.; Witzke, W.; Wu, Y. F.; Xiao, Z.; Xie, W.; Xin, K.; Xu, H.; Xu, N.; Xu, Q. H.; Xu, W.; Xu, Y.; Xu, Z.; Xue, L.; Yang, Y.; Yang, Y.; Yepes, P.; Yi, Y.

    2013-02-01

    We report a high precision measurement of the transverse single spin asymmetry AN at the center of mass energy s=200 GeV in elastic proton-proton scattering by the STAR experiment at RHIC. The AN was measured in the four-momentum transfer squared t range 0.003?|t|?0.035 (, the region of a significant interference between the electromagnetic and hadronic scattering amplitudes. The measured values of AN and its t-dependence are consistent with a vanishing hadronic spin-flip amplitude, thus providing strong constraints on the ratio of the single spin-flip to the non-flip amplitudes. Since the hadronic amplitude is dominated by the Pomeron amplitude at this s, we conclude that this measurement addresses the question about the presence of a hadronic spin flip due to the Pomeron exchange in polarized proton-proton elastic scattering.

  2. Measurement of Single- and Double-Spin Asymmetries in Deep Inelastic Pion Electroproduction with a Longitudinally Polarized Target

    SciTech Connect

    Avakian, H.; Bosted, P.; Burkert, V. D.; Elouadrhiri, L.; Brooks, W.; Carman, D. S.; Deur, A.; Guo, L.; Kubarovsky, V.; Nadel-Turonski, P.; Weygand, D. P.; Adhikari, K. P.; Amaryan, M.; Dodge, G.; Gavalian, G.; Guler, N.; Klein, A.; Kuhn, S. E.; Niroula, M. R.; Seraydaryan, H.

    2010-12-31

    We report the first measurement of the transverse momentum dependence of double-spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive production of pions in deep-inelastic scattering off the longitudinally polarized proton. Data have been obtained using a polarized electron beam of 5.7 GeV with the CLAS detector at the Jefferson Lab (JLab). Modulations of single spin asymmetries over the azimuthal angle between lepton scattering and hadron production planes {phi} have been measured over a wide kinematic range in Bjorken x and virtual photon squared four-momentum Q{sup 2}. A significant nonzero sin2{phi} single spin asymmetry was observed for the first time indicating strong spin-orbit correlations for transversely polarized quarks in the longitudinally polarized proton.

  3. Sensing remote nuclear spins

    E-print Network

    Nan Zhao; Jan Honert; Berhard Schmid; Junichi Isoya; Mathew Markham; Daniel Twitchen; Fedor Jelezko; Ren-Bao Liu; Helmut Fedder; Jörg Wrachtrup

    2012-04-29

    Sensing single nuclear spins is a central challenge in magnetic resonance based imaging techniques. Although different methods and especially diamond defect based sensing and imaging techniques in principle have shown sufficient sensitivity, signals from single nuclear spins are usually too weak to be distinguished from background noise. Here, we present the detection and identification of remote single C-13 nuclear spins embedded in nuclear spin baths surrounding a single electron spins of a nitrogen-vacancy centre in diamond. With dynamical decoupling control of the centre electron spin, the weak magnetic field ~10 nT from a single nuclear spin located ~3 nm from the centre with hyperfine coupling as weak as ~500 Hz is amplified and detected. The quantum nature of the coupling is confirmed and precise position and the vector components of the nuclear field are determined. Given the distance over which nuclear magnetic fields can be detected the technique marks a firm step towards imaging, detecting and controlling nuclear spin species external to the diamond sensor.

  4. Single Electrode Would Control Charge-Coupled Device

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wadsworth, Mark; Mcgrath, Robert D.

    1989-01-01

    Space saved and interelectrode short circuits eliminated. Proposed virtual-phase, interline-transfer, charge-couple device uses single gate electrode to control both interline and intraline transfer of charge. Voltage on single control electrode varied to transfer charge from photosites to shift register, or else along sift register. Two kinds of transfer independent of each other. Charge transferred along shift register when voltage on control electrode alternated between gate potentials.

  5. Noise-compensating pulses for electrostatically controlled silicon spin qubits

    E-print Network

    Xin Wang; Fernando A. Calderon-Vargas; Muhed S. Rana; Jason P. Kestner; Edwin Barnes; Sankar Das Sarma

    2014-10-21

    We study the performance of SUPCODE---a family of dynamically correcting pulses designed to cancel simultaneously both Overhauser and charge noise for singlet-triplet spin qubits---adapted to silicon devices with electrostatic control. We consider both natural Si and isotope-enriched Si systems, and in each case we investigate the behavior of individual gates under static noise and perform randomized benchmarking to obtain the average gate error under realistic 1/f noise. We find that in most cases SUPCODE pulses offer roughly an order of magnitude reduction in gate error, and especially in the case of isotope-enriched Si, SUPCODE yields gate operations of very high fidelity. We also develop a version of SUPCODE that cancels the charge noise only, "$\\delta J$-SUPCODE", which is particularly beneficial for isotope-enriched Si devices where charge noise dominates Overhauser noise, offering a level of error reduction comparable to the original SUPCODE while yielding gate times that are 30% to 50% shorter. Our results show that the SUPCODE noise-compensating pulses provide a fast, simple, and effective approach to error suppression, bringing gate errors well below the quantum error correction threshold in principle.

  6. Noise-compensating pulses for electrostatically controlled silicon spin qubits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xin; Calderon-Vargas, F. A.; Rana, Muhed S.; Kestner, J. P.; Barnes, Edwin; Das Sarma, S.

    2014-10-01

    We study the performance of supcode—a family of dynamically correcting pulses designed to cancel simultaneously both Overhauser and charge noise for singlet-triplet spin qubits—adapted to silicon devices with electrostatic control. We consider both natural Si and isotope-enriched Si systems, and in each case we investigate the behavior of individual gates under static noise and perform randomized benchmarking to obtain the average gate error under realistic 1/f noise. We find that in most cases supcode pulses offer roughly an order of magnitude reduction in gate error, and especially in the case of isotope-enriched Si, supcode yields gate operations of very high fidelity. We also develop a version of supcode that cancels the charge noise only, "?J-supcode," which is particularly beneficial for isotope-enriched Si devices where charge noise dominates Overhauser noise, offering a level of error reduction comparable to the original supcode while yielding gate times that are 30%-50% shorter. Our results show that the supcode noise-compensating pulses provide a fast, simple, and effective approach to error suppression, bringing gate errors well below the quantum error correction threshold in principle.

  7. Strain-controlled spin and charge pumping in graphene devices via spin-orbit coupled barriers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohammadkhani, Ramin; Abdollahipour, Babak; Alidoust, Mohammad

    2015-09-01

    We theoretically propose a graphene-based adiabatic quantum pump with intrinsic spin-orbit coupling (SOC) subject to strain where two time-dependent extrinsic spin-orbit coupled barriers drive spin and charge currents. We study three differing operation modes where i) location, ii) chemical potential, and iii) SOC of the two barriers oscillate periodically and out of phase around their equilibrium states. Our results demonstrate that the amplitude of adiabatically pumped currents highly depends on the considered operation mode. We find that such a device operates with highest efficiency and in a broader range of parameters where the barriers' chemical potential drives the quantum pump. Our results also reveal that by introducing strain to the system, one can suppress or enhance the charge and spin currents separately, depending on the strain direction.

  8. Single-chip microcontrollers for switchgear control

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Watson, Karan; Russell, B. Don; Jagadish, Usha

    1991-01-01

    A switchgear controller utilizing a microcontroller is described. The primary goal was to mimic the functions and performance of the generic controller board with a microcontroller board which will cause the power automation system to consume less power. The code for the microcontroller implementation on a development board has been developed, and the signal conditioning for the signals to the microcontroller has been designed and tested. The implementation of this decision system for data gathering, command control, fault detection, and circuit protection, when compared to other implementations, provides more functions and better response while reducing weight, volume, and power consumption.

  9. Dual gate control of bulk transport and magnetism in the spin-orbit insulator S r2Ir O4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Chengliang; Dong, Shuai; Quindeau, Andy; Preziosi, Daniele; Hu, Ni; Alexe, Marin

    2015-03-01

    The 5 d iridates have been the subject of much recent attention due to the predictions of a large array of novel electronic phases driven by twisting strong spin-orbit coupling and Hubbard correlation. As a prototype, the single-layered perovskite S r2Ir O4 was first revealed to host a Jeff=1 /2 Mott insulating state. In this material, the approximate energy scale of a variety of interactions, involving spin-orbit coupling, magnetic exchange interaction, and the Mott gap, allows close coupling among the corresponding physical excitations, opening the possibility of cross control of the physical properties. Here, we experimentally demonstrate the effective gate control of both the transport and magnetism in a S r2Ir O4 -based field effect transistor using an ionic liquid dielectric. This approach could go beyond the surface-limited field effect seen in conventional transistors, reflecting the unique aspect of the Jeff=1 /2 state. The simultaneous modulation of conduction and magnetism confirms the proposed intimate coupling of charge, orbital, and spin degrees of freedom in this oxide. These phenomena are probably related to an enhanced deviation from the ideal Jeff=1 /2 state due to the gate-promoted conduction. The present work would have important implications in modelling the unusual physics enabled by strong spin-orbit coupling and provides a new route to explore those emergent quantum phases in iridates.

  10. Single-walled carbon nanotube device fabrication using spin coating of dispersions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hummel, Paul Jeremy

    This research looks at ways to utilize already synthesized carbon nanotubes (CNT) to manufacture electrical connections using current tools and fabrication methods employed in the semiconductor industry. Purchased single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) are separated and placed in suspension using poly(sodium styrene sulfonate) (PSS). The PSS non-covalently bonds to the SWNTs, causing them to repel each other due to the negative charge of the PSS. The suspension of SWNTs is spin coated over a processed silicon (Si) wafer with fabricated trenches. A Si wafer with a top silicon dioxide (SiO 2) layer is spin coated with Shipley 1827 photoresist. UV light is used to expose areas to the photoresist, creating trench areas. After removal of the exposed areas of the photoresist, trenches are etched into the SiO 2 layer with a buffered oxide etch (BOE) solution of hydrofluoric acid. The suspension of SWNTs is spin coated over the processed Si wafer. The wafer is placed on a hot plate at 115° C to slowly evaporate the water from the SWNT suspension. As the water evaporates, the SWNTs remain on the surface of the Si wafer or gather in the trenches. Finally, the photoresist is removed, lifting off all of the SWNTs that are not in the trenches. Several trenches have a sufficient fill rate to allow IV characteristics to be performed. A Keithley probe station is used to measure the resistance of the SWNT composite material in the trench. These results, 47.3 kO, are similar to other fabricated SWNT/polyelectrolyte thin films, showing that the method presented can be used to simplify the process of fabricating SWNT composite wires. Raman spectroscopy is also used to determine if the SWNTs in the SWNT composite structure are aligned in any direction. There is no preferential orientation of the SWNTs in the structure, rather the SWNTs appeared to be randomly oriented in all directions.

  11. Magnetic anisotropy and spin-glass behavior in single crystalline U2PdSi3.

    PubMed

    Li, D X; Kimura, A; Haga, Y; Nimori, S; Shikama, T

    2011-02-23

    We present the magnetic and transport properties of single crystalline U(2)PdSi(3) measured with the magnetic field (H) (or measuring current, I) applied along two typical crystallographic directions, i.e. H ? c-axis and H c-axis (or I ? c-axis and I c-axis). For both directions, a spin-glass state is confirmed to form at low temperature with the same spin freezing temperature T(f) (=11.5 K), initial frequency shift ?T(f) (=0.023) and activation energy E(a)/k(B) (=90.15 K) in zero dc field. Strong anisotropy in magnetic and transport behavior is found to be a significant feature of U(2)PdSi(3). The unusual ferromagnetic-like anomaly in ac susceptibility and dc magnetization curves around T(m)=71 K is observed in the case of H c-axis but not in the cases of H ? c-axis. The characteristic temperature T(ir), below which evident irreversible magnetism originated from random spin freezing can be observed, shows much stronger field dependence for H ? c-axis than for H c-axis. Moreover, an unusual finding is that the electrical resistivity measurements indicate the formation of magnetic Brillouin-zone boundary gaps and much larger magnetic scattering for I ? c-axis, while the coherent-Kondo-effect-like behavior is obvious for I c-axis. We also emphasize that no resistivity minimum can be detected down to 2.5 K for either direction. The observed magnetic and transport behaviors are compared with those in polycrystalline U(2)PdSi(3) and other 2:1:3 intermetallic compounds. PMID:21411890

  12. Voltage-controllable generator of pure spin current: A three-terminal model

    SciTech Connect

    Ma, Zheng; Wu, Reng-Lai; Yu, Ya-Bin Wang, Miao

    2014-07-28

    Three-terminal devices have been frequently proposed to generate the pure spin current. However, the controllability and stability of pure spin current still needs to be improved. In this paper, a three-terminal device, composed of a ferromagnetic metallic lead and two nonmagnetic semiconductor leads coupled with a quantum dot, is employed to study the properties of electron spin transport. The results show that when the external voltage on one of nonmagnetic semiconductor leads is adjusted to a proper range, a pure spin current plateau or a fully spin-polarized current plateau appears in another nonmagnetic semiconductor lead. In a wide range of external voltage, the pure spin current or the spin-polarized current is kept unchanged. Since the change of temperature may considerably influence the spin-polarization of current and is inevitable actually, we studied the corresponding compensation to keep the pure spin current unchanged. Furthermore, the effect of device parameters on the pure spin current is also investigated.

  13. Conditional Control of Donor Nuclear Spins in Silicon Using Stark Shifts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wolfowicz, Gary; Urdampilleta, Matias; Thewalt, Mike L. W.; Riemann, Helge; Abrosimov, Nikolai V.; Becker, Peter; Pohl, Hans-Joachim; Morton, John J. L.

    2014-10-01

    Electric fields can be used to tune donor spins in silicon using the Stark shift, whereby the donor electron wave function is displaced by an electric field, modifying the hyperfine coupling between the electron spin and the donor nuclear spin. We present a technique based on dynamic decoupling of the electron spin to accurately determine the Stark shift, and illustrate this using antimony donors in isotopically purified silicon-28. We then demonstrate two different methods to use a dc electric field combined with an applied resonant radio-frequency (rf) field to conditionally control donor nuclear spins. The first method combines an electric-field induced conditional phase gate with standard rf pulses, and the second one simply detunes the spins off resonance. Finally, we consider different strategies to reduce the effect of electric field inhomogeneities and obtain above 90% process fidelities.

  14. Control of spin dynamics in a two-dimensional electron gas by electromagnetic dressing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pervishko, A. A.; Kibis, O. V.; Morina, S.; Shelykh, I. A.

    2015-11-01

    We solved the Schrödinger problem for a two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) with the Rashba spin-orbit interaction in the presence of a strong high-frequency electromagnetic field (dressing field). The found eigenfunctions and eigenenergies of the problem are used to describe the spin dynamics of the dressed 2DEG within the formalism of the density matrix response function. Solving the equations of spin dynamics, we show that the dressing field can switch the spin relaxation in the 2DEG between the cases corresponding to the known Elliott-Yafet and D'yakonov-Perel' regimes. As a result, the spin properties of the 2DEG can be tuned by a high-frequency electromagnetic field. The present effect opens an unexplored way for controlling the spin with light and, therefore, forms the physical prerequisites for creating light-tuned spintronics devices.

  15. Conditional control of donor nuclear spins in silicon using stark shifts.

    PubMed

    Wolfowicz, Gary; Urdampilleta, Matias; Thewalt, Mike L W; Riemann, Helge; Abrosimov, Nikolai V; Becker, Peter; Pohl, Hans-Joachim; Morton, John J L

    2014-10-10

    Electric fields can be used to tune donor spins in silicon using the Stark shift, whereby the donor electron wave function is displaced by an electric field, modifying the hyperfine coupling between the electron spin and the donor nuclear spin. We present a technique based on dynamic decoupling of the electron spin to accurately determine the Stark shift, and illustrate this using antimony donors in isotopically purified silicon-28. We then demonstrate two different methods to use a dc electric field combined with an applied resonant radio-frequency (rf) field to conditionally control donor nuclear spins. The first method combines an electric-field induced conditional phase gate with standard rf pulses, and the second one simply detunes the spins off resonance. Finally, we consider different strategies to reduce the effect of electric field inhomogeneities and obtain above 90% process fidelities. PMID:25375741

  16. Electrically controlled spin wave transmission in ferromagnetic metal/insulator junctions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sasaki, Yuta; Tatara, Gen

    2014-03-01

    We theoretically investigate spin wave transmission in ferromagnetic metal/ ferromagnetic insulator junctions under applied current. The current induces a Doppler shift of frequency[1] because the spin polarized current and spin wave are interacted with each other by the sd interaction. The energy and group velocity are modified by the current in ferromagnetic metal. First, we show that the negative refraction of spin wave is observed when the current is applied along the ferromagnetic metal/ ferromagnetic insulator interfaces. When the current is perpendicular to the interfaces, a diode effect is obtained. The transmittance depends on the incident direction of spin wave. To conclude, we demonstrate that spin wave transmission in this junction is electrically controllable.

  17. Longitudinal-transverse double-spin asymmetries in single-inclusive leptoproduction of hadrons

    E-print Network

    K. Kanazawa; A. Metz; D. Pitonyak; M. Schlegel

    2015-02-06

    We analyze the longitudinal-transverse double-spin asymmetry in lepton-nucleon collisions where a single hadron is detected in the final state, i.e., $\\vec{\\ell}\\,N^\\uparrow \\rightarrow h\\,X$. This is a subleading-twist observable in collinear factorization, and we look at twist-3 effects in both the transversely polarized nucleon and the unpolarized outgoing hadron. Results are anticipated for this asymmetry from both HERMES and Jefferson Lab Hall A, and it could be measured as well at COMPASS and a future Electron-Ion Collider. We also perform a numerical study of the distribution term, which, when compared to upcoming experimental results, could allow one to learn about the "worm-gear"-type function $\\tilde{g}(x)$ as well as assess the role of quark-gluon-quark correlations in the initial-state nucleon and twist-3 effects in the fragmenting unpolarized hadron.

  18. Single-spin asymmetries in the leptoproduction of transversely polarized ? hyperons

    SciTech Connect

    Kanazawa, K.; Metz, A.; Pitonyak, D.; Schlegel, M.

    2015-04-13

    We analyze single-spin asymmetries (SSAs) in the leptoproduction of transversely polarized ? hyperons within the collinear twist-3 formalism. We calculate both the distribution and fragmentation terms in two different gauges (lightcone and Feynman) and show that the results are identical. This is the first time that the fragmentation piece has been analyzed for transversely polarized hadron production within the collinear twist-3 framework. In lightcone gauge we use the same techniques that were employed in computing the analogous piece in p? p ? ? X, which has become an important part to that reaction. With this in mind, we also verify the gauge invariance of the formulas for the transverse SSA in the leptoproduction of pions. (author)

  19. Single-spin asymmetries in the leptoproduction of transversely polarized ? hyperons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kanazawa, K.; Metz, A.; Pitonyak, D.; Schlegel, M.

    2015-05-01

    We analyze single-spin asymmetries (SSAs) in the leptoproduction of transversely polarized ? hyperons within the collinear twist-3 formalism. We calculate both the distribution and fragmentation terms in two different gauges (lightcone and Feynman) and show that the results are identical. This is the first time that the fragmentation piece has been analyzed for transversely polarized hadron production within the collinear twist-3 framework. In lightcone gauge we use the same techniques that were employed in computing the analogous piece in p? p ? ? X, which has become an important part to that reaction. With this in mind, we also verify the gauge invariance of the formulas for the transverse SSA in the leptoproduction of pions.

  20. Longitudinal-transverse double-spin asymmetries in single-inclusive leptoproduction of hadrons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kanazawa, K.; Metz, A.; Pitonyak, D.; Schlegel, M.

    2015-03-01

    We analyze the longitudinal-transverse double-spin asymmetry in lepton-nucleon collisions where a single hadron is detected in the final state, i.e., ? ? N? ? h X. This is a subleading-twist observable in collinear factorization, and we look at twist-3 effects in both the transversely polarized nucleon and the unpolarized outgoing hadron. Results are anticipated for this asymmetry from both HERMES and Jefferson Lab Hall A, and it could be measured as well at COMPASS and a future Electron-Ion Collider. We also perform a numerical study of the distribution term, which, when compared to upcoming experimental results, could allow one to learn about the "worm-gear"-type function g ˜ (x) as well as assess the role of quark-gluon-quark correlations in the initial-state nucleon and twist-3 effects in the fragmenting unpolarized hadron.

  1. Single-spin asymmetries in the leptoproduction of transversely polarized ? hyperons

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Kanazawa, K.; Metz, A.; Pitonyak, D.; Schlegel, M.

    2015-04-13

    We analyze single-spin asymmetries (SSAs) in the leptoproduction of transversely polarized ? hyperons within the collinear twist-3 formalism. We calculate both the distribution and fragmentation terms in two different gauges (lightcone and Feynman) and show that the results are identical. This is the first time that the fragmentation piece has been analyzed for transversely polarized hadron production within the collinear twist-3 framework. In lightcone gauge we use the same techniques that were employed in computing the analogous piece in p? p ? ? X, which has become an important part to that reaction. With this in mind, we also verifymore »the gauge invariance of the formulas for the transverse SSA in the leptoproduction of pions. (author)« less

  2. Single particle potentials of asymmetric nuclear matter in different spin-isospin channels

    E-print Network

    Wei Zuo; Sheng-Xin Gan; Umberto Lombardo

    2013-10-04

    We investigate the neutron and proton single particle (s.p.) potentials of asymmetric nuclear matter and their isospin dependence in various spin-isospin $ST$ channels within the framework of the Brueckner-Hartree-Fock approach. It is shown that in symmetric nuclear matter, the s.p. potentials in both the isospin-singlet T=0 channel and isospin-triplet T=1 channel are essentially attractive, and the magnitudes in the two different channels are roughly the same. In neutron-rich nuclear matter, the isospin-splitting of the proton and neutron s.p. potentials turns out to be mainly determined by the isospin-singlet T=0 channel contribution which becomes more attractive for proton and more repulsive for neutron at higher asymmetries.

  3. The artificial satellite observation chronograph controlled by single chip microcomputer.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pan, Guangrong; Tan, Jufan; Ding, Yuanjun

    1991-06-01

    The instrument specifications, hardware structure, software design, and other characteristics of the chronograph mounting on a theodolite used for artificial satellite observation are presented. The instrument is a real time control system with a single chip microcomputer.

  4. Controlled Manipulation and in Situ Mechanical Measurement of Single Co

    E-print Network

    Ohl, Claus-Dieter

    Controlled Manipulation and in Situ Mechanical Measurement of Single Co Nanowire with a Laser bubble is used to manipulate individual Co nanowires. The short- lived ( manipulation, nanowire bending, Young's modulus, cavitation bubble A pplications of nanowires in many

  5. Electric field controlled spin- and valley-polarized edge states in silicene with extrinsic Rashba effect

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Zhiming; Pan, Hui; Yao, Yugui

    2015-10-01

    In the presence of extrinsic Rashba spin-orbit coupling, we find that silicene can host a quantum anomalous Hall state with spin- and valley-polarized edge states, which can be effectively controlled by the exchange field and electric field. In this state, a pair of nontrivial edge states reside in one specific valley and have a strong but opposite spin polarization. A distinctive feature of this state is that both of the spin and valley indexes of the edge states can be switched by reversing the electric field. We also present a microscopic mechanism for the origin of this state. Our findings provide an efficient way to control the topologically protected spin- and valley-polarized edge states, which is crucial for spintronics and valleytronics.

  6. Phase-controllable spin wave generation in iron garnet by linearly polarized light pulses

    SciTech Connect

    Yoshimine, Isao; Iida, Ryugo; Shimura, Tsutomu; Satoh, Takuya; Stupakiewicz, Andrzej; Maziewski, Andrzej

    2014-07-28

    A phase-controlled spin wave was non-thermally generated in bismuth-doped rare-earth iron garnet by linearly polarized light pulses. We controlled the initial phase of the spin wave continuously within a range of 180° by changing the polarization azimuth of the excitation light. The azimuth dependences of the initial phase and amplitude of the spin wave were attributed to a combination of the inverse Cotton-Mouton effect and photoinduced magnetic anisotropy. Temporally and spatially resolved spin wave propagation was observed with a CCD camera, and the waveform was in good agreement with calculations. A nonlinear effect of the spin excitation was observed for excitation fluences higher than 100 mJ/cm{sup 2}.

  7. Controlling the Spins Angular Momentum in Ferromagnets with Sequences of Picosecond Acoustic Pulses

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Ji-Wan; Vomir, Mircea; Bigot, Jean-Yves

    2015-01-01

    Controlling the angular momentum of spins with very short external perturbations is a key issue in modern magnetism. For example it allows manipulating the magnetization for recording purposes or for inducing high frequency spin torque oscillations. Towards that purpose it is essential to modify and control the angular momentum of the magnetization which precesses around the resultant effective magnetic field. That can be achieved with very short external magnetic field pulses or using intrinsically coupled magnetic structures, resulting in a transfer of spin torque. Here we show that using picosecond acoustic pulses is a versatile and efficient way of controlling the spin angular momentum in ferromagnets. Two or three acoustic pulses, generated by femtosecond laser pulses, allow suppressing or enhancing the magnetic precession at any arbitrary time by precisely controlling the delays and amplitudes of the optical pulses. A formal analogy with a two dimensional pendulum allows us explaining the complex trajectory of the magnetic vector perturbed by the acoustic pulses. PMID:25687970

  8. Rapid gravitational wave parameter estimation with a single spin: Systematic uncertainties in parameter estimation with the SpinTaylorF2 approximation

    E-print Network

    Brandon Miller; Richard O'Shaughnessy; Tyson B. Littenberg; Ben Farr

    2015-06-19

    Reliable low-latency gravitational wave parameter estimation is essential to target limited electromagnetic followup facilities toward astrophysically interesting and electromagnetically relevant sources of gravitational waves. In this study, we examine the tradeoff between speed and accuracy. Specifically, we estimate the astrophysical relevance of systematic errors in the posterior parameter distributions derived using a fast-but-approximate waveform model, SpinTaylorF2 (STF2), in parameter estimation with lalinference_mcmc. Though efficient, the STF2 approximation to compact binary inspiral employs approximate kinematics (e.g., a single spin) and an approximate waveform (e.g., frequency domain versus time domain). More broadly, using a large astrophysically-motivated population of generic compact binary merger signals, we report on the effectualness and limitations of this single-spin approximation as a method to infer parameters of generic compact binary sources. For most low-mass compact binary sources, we find that the STF2 approximation estimates compact binary parameters with biases comparable to systematic uncertainties in the waveform. We illustrate by example the effect these systematic errors have on posterior probabilities most relevant to low-latency electromagnetic followup: whether the secondary is has a mass consistent with a neutron star; whether the masses, spins, and orbit are consistent with that neutron star's tidal disruption; and whether the binary's angular momentum axis is oriented along the line of sight.

  9. Rapid gravitational wave parameter estimation with a single spin: Systematic uncertainties in parameter estimation with the SpinTaylorF2 approximation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miller, B.; O'Shaughnessy, R.; Littenberg, T. B.; Farr, B.

    2015-08-01

    Reliable low-latency gravitational wave parameter estimation is essential to target limited electromagnetic follow-up facilities toward astrophysically interesting and electromagnetically relevant sources of gravitational waves. In this study, we examine the trade-off between speed and accuracy. Specifically, we estimate the astrophysical relevance of systematic errors in the posterior parameter distributions derived using a fast-but-approximate waveform model, SpinTaylorF2 (stf2), in parameter estimation with lalinference_mcmc. Though efficient, the stf2 approximation to compact binary inspiral employs approximate kinematics (e.g., a single spin) and an approximate waveform (e.g., frequency domain versus time domain). More broadly, using a large astrophysically motivated population of generic compact binary merger signals, we report on the effectualness and limitations of this single-spin approximation as a method to infer parameters of generic compact binary sources. For most low-mass compact binary sources, we find that the stf2 approximation estimates compact binary parameters with biases comparable to systematic uncertainties in the waveform. We illustrate by example the effect these systematic errors have on posterior probabilities most relevant to low-latency electromagnetic follow-up: whether the secondary has a mass consistent with a neutron star (NS); whether the masses, spins, and orbit are consistent with that neutron star's tidal disruption; and whether the binary's angular momentum axis is oriented along the line of sight.

  10. Fuzzy decoupling controller based on multimode control algorithm of PI-single neuron and its application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Xianxia; Wang, Jian; Qin, Tinggao

    2003-09-01

    Intelligent control algorithms are introduced into the control system of temperature and humidity. A multi-mode control algorithm of PI-Single Neuron is proposed for single loop control of temperature and humidity. In order to remove the coupling between temperature and humidity, a new decoupling method is presented, which is called fuzzy decoupling. The decoupling is achieved by using a fuzzy controller that dynamically modifies the static decoupling coefficient. Taking the control algorithm of PI-Single Neuron as the single loop control of temperature and humidity, the paper provides the simulated output response curves with no decoupling control, static decoupling control and fuzzy decoupling control. Those control algorithms are easily implemented in singlechip-based hardware systems.

  11. Quantum control of orbital and spin dynamics in diamond using ultrafast optical pulses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heremans, F. Joseph

    2015-03-01

    Optically addressable spin defects in solid-state materials have shown great potential for applications ranging from metrology to quantum information processing. Many of these experiments require a detailed understanding of the full Hamiltonian dynamics in order to develop precise quantum control. Here we use picosecond resonant optical pulses to investigate the coherent orbital and spin dynamics of the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in diamond, over timescales spanning six orders of magnitude. We implement an ultrafast optical pump-probe technique to study the NV center's orbital-doublet, spin-triplet excited state at cryogenic temperatures (T < 20 K), where the excited state becomes stable and optically coherent with the ground state. This technique, coupled with optical polarization selection rules, allows us to probe the coherent orbital dynamics of the NV center's excited state. These experiments reveal dynamics on femtosecond to nanosecond timescales due to the interplay between the ground and excited state orbital levels. This all-optical technique also provides a method to dynamically control the spin state of the NV center by harnessing the excited state structure. Through studying the spin dynamics of the NV center with coherent pulses of light, we are able to rotate the spin state on sub-nanosecond timescales. Furthermore, by tuning the excited-state spin Hamiltonian with an external magnetic field, we demonstrate arbitrary-axis spin rotations through controlled unitary evolution of the spin state. Extending this to the full excited-state manifold, we develop a time-domain quantum tomography technique to precisely map the NV center's excited state Hamiltonian. These techniques generalize to other systems and can be a powerful tool in characterizing and controlling qubits in other optically addressable spin systems. This work is supported by the AFOSR and NSF.

  12. Dynamics and control of flexible spinning solar sails under reflectivity modulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mu, Junshan; Gong, Shengping; Ma, Pengbin; Li, Junfeng

    2015-10-01

    Electrochromic devices have been used for the attitude control of a spinning solar sail in a deep space mission by modulating the reflectivity of the sail membrane. As a flexible spinning solar sail has no rigid structure to support its membrane, the distributed load due to solar radiation will lead to the deformation of the sail membrane, and the control torque generated by reflectivity modulation can introduce oscillatory motion to the membrane. By contrast, the deformation and oscillatory motion of the sail membrane have an impact on the performance of the reflectivity control. This paper investigates the dynamics and control of flexible spinning solar sails under reflectivity modulation. The static deformation of a spinning sail membrane subjected to solar radiation pressure in an equilibrium state is analyzed. The von Karman theory is used to obtain the displacements and the stress distribution in the equilibrium states. A simplified analytical first-order mode is chosen to model the membrane oscillation. The coupled membrane oscillation-attitude-orbit dynamics are considered for a GeoSail formation flying mission. The relative attitude and orbit control of flexible spinning solar sails under reflectivity modulation are numerically tested. The simulations indicate that the membrane deformation and oscillation have a lower impact on the control of the reflectivity modulated sails than the increase of the spinning rate.

  13. Optimal qubit control using single flux quantum pulses

    E-print Network

    Per J. Liebermann; Frank K. Wilhelm

    2015-12-17

    Single flux quantum (SFQ) pulses are a natural candidate for on-chip control of superconducting qubits. We perform single qubit gates at a constant gate time using trains of single flux quantum pulses with fixed amplitudes. The pulse sequence is optimized by applying genetic algorithms, which decreases the gate error by two orders of magnitude compared to an evenly spaced pulse train. Hereby, we consider leakage transitions into a third energy level as well. Timing jitter of the pulses is taken into account, exploring the robustness of our optimized sequence. This takes us one step further to on-chip qubit controls.

  14. Migdal-Kadanoff solution of the mixed spin-1 and spin-3/2 Blume-Capel model with different single-ion anisotropies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Madani, Mohamed; Gaye, Abou; El Bouziani, Mohamed; Alrajhi, Abdelhameed

    2015-11-01

    Using the real space renormalization group theory, we investigate the alternated mixed Blume-Capel model with spins S = 1 and S = 3 / 2, on the hyper cubic lattice. First, the ground state phase diagram of the system at zero temperature is obtained on the single-ion anisotropies plane showing the same topology obtained early by other approximations. According to the different values of the single-ion anisotropies, three types of phase diagrams are obtained, with first and second order transitions; tricritical points are highlighted. Also, we note the absence of dimensional crossover between d = 2 and d = 3.

  15. High-Fidelity Rapid Initialization and Read-Out of an Electron Spin via the Single Donor D^{-} Charge State.

    PubMed

    Watson, T F; Weber, B; House, M G; Büch, H; Simmons, M Y

    2015-10-16

    We demonstrate high-fidelity electron spin read-out of a precision placed single donor in silicon via spin selective tunneling to either the D^{+} or D^{-} charge state of the donor. By performing read-out at the stable two electron D^{0}?D^{-} charge transition we can increase the tunnel rates to a nearby single electron transistor charge sensor by nearly 2 orders of magnitude, allowing faster qubit read-out (1 ms) with minimum loss in read-out fidelity (98.4%) compared to read-out at the D^{+}?D^{0} transition (99.6%). Furthermore, we show that read-out via the D^{-} charge state can be used to rapidly initialize the electron spin qubit in its ground state with a fidelity of F_{I}=99.8%. PMID:26550896

  16. High-Fidelity Rapid Initialization and Read-Out of an Electron Spin via the Single Donor D- Charge State

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Watson, T. F.; Weber, B.; House, M. G.; Büch, H.; Simmons, M. Y.

    2015-10-01

    We demonstrate high-fidelity electron spin read-out of a precision placed single donor in silicon via spin selective tunneling to either the D+ or D- charge state of the donor. By performing read-out at the stable two electron D0?D- charge transition we can increase the tunnel rates to a nearby single electron transistor charge sensor by nearly 2 orders of magnitude, allowing faster qubit read-out (1 ms) with minimum loss in read-out fidelity (98.4%) compared to read-out at the D+?D0 transition (99.6%). Furthermore, we show that read-out via the D- charge state can be used to rapidly initialize the electron spin qubit in its ground state with a fidelity of FI=99.8 %.

  17. Next-to-Leading Order Calculation of the Single Transverse Spin Asymmetry in the Drell-Yan Process

    SciTech Connect

    Vogelsang, Werner; Yuan, Feng

    2009-03-30

    We calculate the next-to-leading order perturbative QCD corrections to the transverse momentum weighted single transverse spin asymmetry in Drell-Yan lepton pair production in hadronic collisions. We identify the splitting function relevant for the scale evolution of the twist-three quark-gluon correlation function. We comment on the consequences of our results for phenomenology.

  18. Tracing the origin of the single-spin asymmetries observed in inclusive hadron production processes at high energies

    E-print Network

    C. Boros; Liang Zuo-tang; Meng Ta-chung; R. Rittel

    1996-03-20

    It is pointed out that the existing models for the left-right asymmetries observed in single-spin inclusive hadron production processes can be differentiated experimentally. Several such experiments are proposed with which the basic assumptions of these models can be tested individually.

  19. Quantum Monte-Carlo simulation of spin-one antiferromagnets with single-ion anisotropy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kato, Yasuyuki; Wierschem, Keola; Nishida, Yusuke; Batista, Cristian; Sengupta, Pinaki

    2013-03-01

    We study a spin-one Heisenberg model with uniaxial single-ion anisotropy, D, and Zeeman coupling to a magnetic field, B, parallel to the symmetry axis. We compute the (D / J , B / J) quantum phase diagram for square and simple cubic lattices by combining analytical and Quantum Monte Carlo approaches, and find a transition between XY-antiferromagnetic and ferronematic phases that spontaneously break the U(1) symmetry of the model. In the language of bosonic gases, this is a transition between a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) of single bosons and a BEC of pairs. For the efficient simulation of ferronematic phase, we developed and implemented a new multi-discontinuity algorithm based on the directed-loop algorithm. The ordinary quantum Monte-Carlo methods fall into freezing problems when we apply them to this system at large D / J and finite B / J ~ 1 . The new method does not suffer from the freezing problems. This research used resources of the NERSCC (DOE Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231). Work at LANL was performed under the auspices of a J. Robert Oppenheimer Fellowship and the U.S. DOE contract No. DE-AC52-06NA25396 through the LDRD program.

  20. Control-system techniques for improved departure/spin resistance for fighter aircraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nguyen, L. T.; Gilbert, W. P.; Ogburn, M. E.

    1980-01-01

    Some fundamental information on control system effects on controllability of highly maneuverable aircraft at high angles of attack are summarized as well as techniques for enhancing fighter aircraft departure/spin resistance using control system design. The discussion includes: (1) a brief review of pertinent high angle of attack phenomena including aerodynamics, inertia coupling, and kinematic coupling; (2) effects of conventional stability augmentation systems at high angles of attack; (3) high angle of attack control system concepts designed to enhance departure/spin resistance; and (4) the outlook for applications of these concepts to future fighters, particularly those designs which incorporate relaxed static stability.

  1. Efficient readout of a single spin state in diamond via spin-to-charge conversion B. J. Shields,1

    E-print Network

    Walsworth, Ronald L.

    in diamond at room temperature. Using NVs in nanofab- ricated diamond beams, we demonstrate of this technique for nanoscale magnetic sensing are discussed. PACS numbers: 07.55.Ge, 03.67.-a, 81.05.ug- bines a long lived spin-triplet ground state with an op- tical mechanism for both polarizing and reading

  2. On the design of single electron transistors for the measurement of spins in phosphorus doped silicon

    E-print Network

    Randeria, Mallika

    2012-01-01

    Phosphorus doped silicon is a prime candidate for spin based qubits. We plan to investigate a novel hybrid technique that combines the advantages of spin selective optical excitations with that of electrical readout ...

  3. Robust control of entanglement in a Nitrogen-vacancy centre coupled to a Carbon-13 nuclear spin in diamond

    E-print Network

    R. S. Said; J. Twamley

    2009-03-23

    We address a problem of generating a robust entangling gate between electronic and nuclear spins in the system of a single nitrogen-vacany centre coupled to a nearest Carbon-13 atom in diamond against certain types of systematic errors such as pulse-length and off-resonance errors. We analyse the robustness of various control schemes: sequential pulses, composite pulses and numerically-optimised pulses. We find that numerically-optimised pulses, produced by the gradient ascent pulse engineering algorithm (GRAPE), are more robust than the composite pulses and the sequential pulses. The optimised pulses can also be implemented in a faster time than the composite pulses.

  4. Coherent spin control of a nanocavity-enhanced qubit in diamond

    E-print Network

    Li, Luozhou; Chen, Edward H; Walsh, Michael; Bayn, Igal; Goldstein, Jordan; Gaathon, Ophir; Trusheim, Matthew E; Lu, Ming; Mower, Jacob; Cotlet, Mircea; Markham, Matthew L; Twitchen, Daniel J; Englund, Dirk

    2014-01-01

    A central aim of quantum information processing is the efficient entanglement of multiple stationary quantum memories via photons. Among solid-state systems, the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centre in diamond has emerged as an excellent optically addressable memory with second-scale electron spin coherence times. Recently, quantum entanglement and teleportation have been shown between two NV-memories, but scaling to larger networks requires more efficient spin-photon interfaces such as optical resonators. Here, we demonstrate such NV-nanocavity systems with optical quality factors approaching 10,000 and electron spin coherence times exceeding 200 $\\mu$s using a silicon hard-mask fabrication process. This spin-photon interface is integrated with on-chip microwave striplines for coherent spin control, providing an efficient quantum memory for quantum networks.

  5. Integration of adaptive process control with computational simulation for spin-forming

    SciTech Connect

    Raboin, P. J., LLNL

    1998-03-10

    Improvements in spin-forming capabilities through upgrades to a metrology and machine control system and advances in numerical simulation techniques were studied in a two year project funded by Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Numerical analyses were benchmarked with spin-forming experiments and computational speeds increased sufficiently to now permit actual part forming simulations. Extensive modeling activities examined the simulation speeds and capabilities of several metal forming computer codes for modeling flat plate and cylindrical spin-forming geometries. Shape memory research created the first numerical model to describe this highly unusual deformation behavior in Uranium alloys. A spin-forming metrology assessment led to sensor and data acquisition improvements that will facilitate future process accuracy enhancements, such as a metrology frame. Finally, software improvements (SmartCAM) to the manufacturing process numerically integrate the part models to the spin-forming process and to computational simulations.

  6. Coherent spin control of a nanocavity-enhanced qubit in diamond

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Li, Luozhou; Lu, Ming; Schroder, Tim; Chen, Edward H.; Walsh, Michael; Bayn, Igal; Goldstein, Jordan; Gaathon, Ophir; Trusheim, Matthew E.; Mower, Jacob; et al

    2015-01-28

    A central aim of quantum information processing is the efficient entanglement of multiple stationary quantum memories via photons. Among solid-state systems, the nitrogen-vacancy centre in diamond has emerged as an excellent optically addressable memory with second-scale electron spin coherence times. Recently, quantum entanglement and teleportation have been shown between two nitrogen-vacancy memories, but scaling to larger networks requires more efficient spin-photon interfaces such as optical resonators. Here we report such nitrogen-vacancy nanocavity systems in strong Purcell regime with optical quality factors approaching 10,000 and electron spin coherence times exceeding 200 µs using a silicon hard-mask fabrication process. This spin-photon interfacemore »is integrated with on-chip microwave striplines for coherent spin control, providing an efficient quantum memory for quantum networks.« less

  7. Electric field control of spin splitting in III-V semiconductor quantum dots without magnetic field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prabhakar, Sanjay; Melnik, Roderick

    2015-10-01

    We provide an alternative means of electric field control for spin manipulation in the absence of magnetic fields by transporting quantum dots adiabatically in the plane of two-dimensional electron gas. We show that the spin splitting energy of moving quantum dots is possible due to the presence of quasi-Hamiltonian that might be implemented to make the next generation spintronic devices of post CMOS technology. Such spin splitting energy is highly dependent on the material properties of semiconductor. It turns out that this energy is in the range of meV and can be further enhanced with increasing pulse frequency. In particular, we show that quantum oscillations in phonon mediated spin-flip behaviors can be observed. We also confirm that no oscillations in spin-flip behaviors can be observed for the pure Rashba or pure Dresselhaus cases.

  8. Coherent spin control of a nanocavity-enhanced qubit in diamond

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Luozhou; Schröder, Tim; Chen, Edward H.; Walsh, Michael; Bayn, Igal; Goldstein, Jordan; Gaathon, Ophir; Trusheim, Matthew E.; Lu, Ming; Mower, Jacob; Cotlet, Mircea; Markham, Matthew L.; Twitchen, Daniel J.; Englund, Dirk

    2015-01-01

    A central aim of quantum information processing is the efficient entanglement of multiple stationary quantum memories via photons. Among solid-state systems, the nitrogen-vacancy centre in diamond has emerged as an excellent optically addressable memory with second-scale electron spin coherence times. Recently, quantum entanglement and teleportation have been shown between two nitrogen-vacancy memories, but scaling to larger networks requires more efficient spin-photon interfaces such as optical resonators. Here we report such nitrogen-vacancy-nanocavity systems in the strong Purcell regime with optical quality factors approaching 10,000 and electron spin coherence times exceeding 200??s using a silicon hard-mask fabrication process. This spin-photon interface is integrated with on-chip microwave striplines for coherent spin control, providing an efficient quantum memory for quantum networks.

  9. Coherent spin control of a nanocavity-enhanced qubit in diamond

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Luozhou; Lu, Ming; Schroder, Tim; Chen, Edward H.; Walsh, Michael; Bayn, Igal; Goldstein, Jordan; Gaathon, Ophir; Trusheim, Matthew E.; Mower, Jacob; Cotlet, Mircea; Markham, Matthew L.; Twitchen, Daniel J.; Englund, Dirk

    2015-01-28

    A central aim of quantum information processing is the efficient entanglement of multiple stationary quantum memories via photons. Among solid-state systems, the nitrogen-vacancy centre in diamond has emerged as an excellent optically addressable memory with second-scale electron spin coherence times. Recently, quantum entanglement and teleportation have been shown between two nitrogen-vacancy memories, but scaling to larger networks requires more efficient spin-photon interfaces such as optical resonators. Here we report such nitrogen-vacancy nanocavity systems in strong Purcell regime with optical quality factors approaching 10,000 and electron spin coherence times exceeding 200 µs using a silicon hard-mask fabrication process. This spin-photon interface is integrated with on-chip microwave striplines for coherent spin control, providing an efficient quantum memory for quantum networks.

  10. Coherent spin control of a nanocavity-enhanced qubit in diamond.

    PubMed

    Li, Luozhou; Schröder, Tim; Chen, Edward H; Walsh, Michael; Bayn, Igal; Goldstein, Jordan; Gaathon, Ophir; Trusheim, Matthew E; Lu, Ming; Mower, Jacob; Cotlet, Mircea; Markham, Matthew L; Twitchen, Daniel J; Englund, Dirk

    2015-01-01

    A central aim of quantum information processing is the efficient entanglement of multiple stationary quantum memories via photons. Among solid-state systems, the nitrogen-vacancy centre in diamond has emerged as an excellent optically addressable memory with second-scale electron spin coherence times. Recently, quantum entanglement and teleportation have been shown between two nitrogen-vacancy memories, but scaling to larger networks requires more efficient spin-photon interfaces such as optical resonators. Here we report such nitrogen-vacancy-nanocavity systems in the strong Purcell regime with optical quality factors approaching 10,000 and electron spin coherence times exceeding 200??s using a silicon hard-mask fabrication process. This spin-photon interface is integrated with on-chip microwave striplines for coherent spin control, providing an efficient quantum memory for quantum networks. PMID:25629223

  11. Cartesian-Grid Simulations of a Canard-Controlled Missile with a Free-Spinning Tail

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Murman, Scott M.; Aftosmis, Michael J.; Kwak, Dochan (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    The proposed paper presents a series of simulations of a geometrically complex, canard-controlled, supersonic missile with free-spinning tail fins. Time-dependent simulations were performed using an inviscid Cartesian-grid-based method with results compared to both experimental data and high-resolution Navier-Stokes computations. At fixed free stream conditions and canard deflections, the tail spin rate was iteratively determined such that the net rolling moment on the empennage is zero. This rate corresponds to the time-asymptotic rate of the free-to-spin fin system. After obtaining spin-averaged aerodynamic coefficients for the missile, the investigation seeks a fixed-tail approximation to the spin-averaged aerodynamic coefficients, and examines the validity of this approximation over a variety of freestream conditions.

  12. Variable range hopping conductivity and spin glass behavior in spin-ladder Ba0.6K0.4Fe2Se3 single crystals.

    PubMed

    Bao, Jin-Ke; Feng, Chun-Mu; Luo, Yong-Kang; Jiang, Hao; Sun, Yun-Lei; Jiao, Wen-He; Shen, Chen-Yi; Xu, Zhu-An; Cao, Guang-Han

    2014-01-15

    Ba0.6K0.4Fe2Se3 (BKFS) single crystals were investigated by means of measurements of powder x-ray diffraction, temperature-dependent resistivity, anisotropic dc magnetization, ac magnetic susceptibility and specific heat. The powder x-ray diffraction indicates staggered iron displacements along the ladders with short and long Fe-Fe bond lengths (2.64(2) and 2.91(2) ?) variation. The resistivity of BKFS exhibits variable range hopping behavior with ln(?) ~ T(-1/2) at low temperature. The magnetic susceptibility ?(T) exhibits a sharp cusp at around 20 K in a zero-field-cooled process. The frequency-dependent ac magnetic susceptibility reveals that the cusp feature is attributable to spin glass behavior. The anisotropic ac magnetic susceptibility indicates that BKFS is probably an anisotropic Heisenberg-like spin glass with its easy magnetization plane perpendicular to the chain direction. The specific heat also supports an insulating and spin glass ground state. Extended Curie-Weiss behavior above 40 K was observed with a reduced effective moment (?(eff) = 1.66 ?(B)/Fe for H is perpendicular to b and ?(eff) = 1.82 ?B/Fe for H is parallel to b) in BKFS, which is close to the spin-only magnetism with S=1/2. PMID:24316559

  13. Spin Injection in Indium Arsenide

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnson, Mark; Koo, Hyun; Han, Suk; Chang, Joonyeon

    2015-08-01

    In a two dimensional electron system (2DES), coherent spin precession of a ballistic spin polarized current, controlled by the Rashba spin orbit interaction, is a remarkable phenomenon that’s been observed only recently. Datta and Das predicted this precession would manifest as an oscillation in the source-drain conductance of the channel in a spin-injected field effect transistor (Spin FET). The indium arsenide single quantum well materials system has proven to be ideal for experimental confirmation. The 2DES carriers have high mobility, low sheet resistance, and high spin orbit interaction. Techniques for electrical injection and detection of spin polarized carriers were developed over the last two decades. Adapting the proposed Spin FET to the Johnson-Silsbee nonlocal geometry was a key to the first experimental demonstration of gate voltage controlled coherent spin precession. More recently, a new technique measured the oscillation as a function of channel length. This article gives an overview of the experimental phenomenology of the spin injection technique. We then review details of the application of the technique to InAs single quantum well (SQW) devices. The effective magnetic field associated with Rashba spin-orbit coupling is described, and a heuristic model of coherent spin precession is presented. The two successful empirical demonstrations of the Datta Das conductance oscillation are then described and discussed.

  14. High-Fidelity Single-Qubit Gates for Two-Electron Spin Qubits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Botzem, Tim; Cerfontaine, Pascal; Divincenzo, David P.; Bluhm, Hendrik

    2014-03-01

    High fidelity gate operations for manipulating individual and multiple qubits in the presence of decoherence are a prerequisite for fault-tolerant quantum information processing. However, the control methods used in earlier experiments on semiconductor two-electron spin qubits are based on unrealistic approximations which preclude reaching the required fidelities. An attractive remedy is to use control pulses found in numerical simulations that minimize the infidelity from decoherence and take the experimentally important imperfections and constraints into account. Using this approach and experimentally determined noise spectra, we find pulses for singlet-triplet qubits in GaAs double quantum dots with fidelities as high as 99.9%. Fully eliminating systematic pulse errors will likely require a calibration of the pulses on the experiment using some form of self-consistent approach. Starting with inaccurate control pulses we show that elimination of individual systematic gate errors is possible by applying a modification of the bootstrap protocol proposed by Dobrovitski et al. (PRL 105, 2010) while still retaining the pulses' high fidelities.

  15. Control of vibrational states by spin-polarized transport in a carbon nanotube resonator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stadler, P.; Belzig, W.; Rastelli, G.

    2015-02-01

    We study spin-dependent transport in a suspended carbon nanotube quantum dot in contact with two ferromagnetic leads and with the dot's spin coupled to the flexural mechanical modes. The spin-vibration interaction induces spin-flip processes between the two energy levels of the dot. This interaction arises from the spin-orbit coupling or a magnetic field gradient. The inelastic vibration-assisted spin flips give rise to a mechanical damping and, for an applied bias voltage, to a steady nonequilibrium occupation of the harmonic oscillator. We analyze these effects as function of the energy-level separation of the dot and the magnetic polarization of the leads. Depending on the magnetic configuration and the bias-voltage polarity, we can strongly cool a single mode or pump energy into it. In the latter case, we find that within our approximation, the system approaches eventually a regime of mechanical instability. Furthermore, owing to the sensitivity of the electron transport to the spin orientation, we find signatures of the nanomechanical motion in the current-voltage characteristic. Hence, the vibrational state can be read out in transport measurements.

  16. Electric field control of spin-resolved edge states in graphene quantum nanorings

    SciTech Connect

    Farghadan, R.; Saffarzadeh, A.

    2014-05-07

    The electric-field effect on the electronic and magnetic properties of triangular and hexagonal graphene quantum rings with zigzag edge termination is investigated by means of the single-band tight-binding Hamiltonian and the mean-field Hubbard model. It is shown how the electron and spin states in the nanoring structures can be manipulated by applying an electric field. We find different spin-depolarization behaviors with variation of electric field strength due to the dependence of spin densities on the shapes and edges of this kind of nanorings. In the case of triangular quantum rings, the magnetization on the inner and outer edges can be selectively tuned and the spin states depolarize gradually as the field strength is increased, while in the case of hexagonal nanorings, the transverse electric field reduces the magnetic moments on both inner and outer edges symmetrically and rapidly.

  17. Generation and electric control of spin-valley-coupled circular photogalvanic current in WSe2.

    PubMed

    Yuan, Hongtao; Wang, Xinqiang; Lian, Biao; Zhang, Haijun; Fang, Xianfa; Shen, Bo; Xu, Gang; Xu, Yong; Zhang, Shou-Cheng; Hwang, Harold Y; Cui, Yi

    2014-10-01

    The valley degree of freedom in layered transition-metal dichalcogenides provides an opportunity to extend the functionalities of spintronics and valleytronics devices. The achievement of spin-coupled valley polarization induced by the non-equilibrium charge-carrier imbalance between two degenerate and inequivalent valleys has been demonstrated theoretically and by optical experiments. However, the generation of a valley and spin current with the valley polarization in transition-metal dichalcogenides remains elusive. Here we demonstrate a spin-coupled valley photocurrent, within an electric-double-layer transistor based on WSe2, whose direction and magnitude depend on the degree of circular polarization of the incident radiation and can be further modulated with an external electric field. This room-temperature generation and electric control of a valley and spin photocurrent provides a new property of electrons in transition-metal dichalcogenide systems, and thereby enables additional degrees of control for quantum-confined spintronic devices. PMID:25194947

  18. Generation and electric control of spin-valley-coupled circular photogalvanic current in WSe2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yuan, Hongtao; Wang, Xinqiang; Lian, Biao; Zhang, Haijun; Fang, Xianfa; Shen, Bo; Xu, Gang; Xu, Yong; Zhang, Shou-Cheng; Hwang, Harold Y.; Cui, Yi

    2014-10-01

    The valley degree of freedom in layered transition-metal dichalcogenides provides an opportunity to extend the functionalities of spintronics and valleytronics devices. The achievement of spin-coupled valley polarization induced by the non-equilibrium charge-carrier imbalance between two degenerate and inequivalent valleys has been demonstrated theoretically and by optical experiments. However, the generation of a valley and spin current with the valley polarization in transition-metal dichalcogenides remains elusive. Here we demonstrate a spin-coupled valley photocurrent, within an electric-double-layer transistor based on WSe2, whose direction and magnitude depend on the degree of circular polarization of the incident radiation and can be further modulated with an external electric field. This room-temperature generation and electric control of a valley and spin photocurrent provides a new property of electrons in transition-metal dichalcogenide systems, and thereby enables additional degrees of control for quantum-confined spintronic devices.

  19. The novel aspect of hydrogen atom: the fine structure and spin can be derived by single component wavefunction

    E-print Network

    H. Y. Cui

    2004-08-05

    The fine structure of hydrogen energy was calculated by using the usual momentum-wavefunction relation directly, rather than establishing the well-known Dirac wave equation. As the results, the energy levels are completely the same as that of the Dirac wave equation, while the wavefunction is single component that is quite different from Dirac's four component wavefunction, the most important thing is that the present calculation brings out electronic spin in a new way which has never been reported and indicates that the electronic spin is a kind of orbital motion.

  20. Direct Observation and Analysis of Spin Dependent Transport of Single Atoms in a 1D Optical Lattice

    E-print Network

    Micha? Karski; Leonid Förster; Jai-Min Choi; Andrea Alberti; Wolfgang Alt; Artur Widera; Dieter Meschede

    2011-11-15

    We have directly observed spin-dependent transport of single cesium atoms in a 1D optical lattice. A superposition of two circularly polarized standing waves is generated from two counter propagating, linearly polarized laser beams. Rotation of one of the polarizations by $\\pi$ causes displacement of the $\\sigma^{+}$- and $\\sigma^{-}$-lattices by one lattice site. Unidirectional transport over several lattice sites is achieved by rotating the polarization back and forth and flipping the spin after each transport step. We have analyzed the transport efficiency over 10 and more lattice sites, and discussed and quantified relevant error sources.

  1. Impulsive control of single-mode laser chaotic system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xu, Honglei

    2005-01-01

    In nonlinear optics, single mode laser is a typical example occurring self-organization phenomenon of bistability, oscillation and chaos. Stability analysis and stabilization problem in nonlinear optical systems are problems of great interest. With the development of control theory, impulsive control becomes more and more attractive. Impulsive control can describe some control process which can be used to control the population of a kind of insects by leaving its natural enemies at some proper instant and control the process of reaction by adding chemicals which instantaneously change state variables in a chemical reactor and so on. This paper studies the stabilization problem of single mode laser chaotic system via impulsive control. By using the method of Lyapunov functions, we derive some sufficient conditions for impulsive stabilization. These results are then applied to the single mode laser chaotic system. It is shown that by employing impulsive control method, all the solutions of this kind of chaotic system will converge to an equilibrium point. Finally, some numerical simulation is given to illustrate the efficiency of the obtained results.

  2. Voltage-controlled spin selection in a magnetic resonant tunneling diode.

    PubMed

    Slobodskyy, A; Gould, C; Slobodskyy, T; Becker, C R; Schmidt, G; Molenkamp, L W

    2003-06-20

    We have fabricated all II-VI semiconductor resonant tunneling diodes based on the (Zn,Mn,Be)Se material system, containing dilute magnetic material in the quantum well, and studied their current-voltage characteristics. When subjected to an external magnetic field the resulting spin splitting of the levels in the quantum well leads to a splitting of the transmission resonance into two separate peaks. This is interpreted as evidence of tunneling transport through spin polarized levels, and could be the first step towards a voltage controlled spin filter. PMID:12857209

  3. Experimental observation of saddle points over the quantum control landscape of a two-spin system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sun, Qiuyang; Pelczer, István; Riviello, Gregory; Wu, Re-Bing; Rabitz, Herschel

    2015-04-01

    The growing successes in performing quantum control experiments motivated the development of control landscape analysis as a basis to explain these findings. When a quantum system is controlled by an electromagnetic field, the observable as a functional of the control field forms a landscape. Theoretical analyses have predicted the existence of critical points over the landscapes, including saddle points with indefinite Hessians. This paper presents a systematic experimental study of quantum control landscape saddle points. Nuclear magnetic resonance control experiments are performed on a coupled two-spin system in a 13C-labeled chloroform (13CHCl3) sample. We address the saddles with a combined theoretical and experimental approach, measure the Hessian at each identified saddle point, and study how their presence can influence the search effort utilizing a gradient algorithm to seek an optimal control outcome. The results have significance beyond spin systems, as landscape saddles are expected to be present for the control of broad classes of quantum systems.

  4. Beam Normal Single Spin Asymmetry in Forward Angle Inelastic Electron-Proton Scattering using the Q-Weak Apparatus

    SciTech Connect

    Nuruzzaman, nfn

    2014-12-01

    The Q-weak experiment in Hall-C at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility has made the first direct measurement of the weak charge of the proton through the precision measurement of the parity-violating asymmetry in elastic electron-proton scattering at low momentum transfer. There is also a parity conserving Beam Normal Single Spin Asymmetry or transverse asymmetry (B_n) on H_2 with a sin(phi)-like dependence due to two-photon exchange. If the size of elastic B_n is a few ppm, then a few percent residual transverse polarization in the beam, combined with small broken azimuthal symmetries in the detector, would require a few ppb correction to the Q-weak data. As part of a program of B_n background studies, we made the first measurement of B_n in the N-to-Delta(1232) transition using the Q-weak apparatus. The final transverse asymmetry, corrected for backgrounds and beam polarization, was found to be B_n = 42.82 ± 2.45 (stat) ± 16.07 (sys) ppm at beam energy E_beam = 1.155 GeV, scattering angle theta = 8.3 deg, and missing mass W = 1.2 GeV. B_n from electron-nucleon scattering is a unique tool to study the gamma^* Delta Delta form factors, and this measurement will help to improve the theoretical models on beam normal single spin asymmetry and thereby our understanding of the doubly virtual Compton scattering process. To help correct false asymmetries from beam noise, a beam modulation system was implemented to induce small position, angle, and energy changes at the target to characterize detector response to the beam jitter. Two air-core dipoles separated by ~10 m were pulsed at a time to produce position and angle changes at the target, for virtually any tune of the beamline. The beam energy was modulated using an SRF cavity. The hardware and associated control instrumentation will be described in this dissertation. Preliminary detector sensitivities were extracted which helped to reduce the width of the measured asymmetry. The beam modulation system has also proven valuable for tracking changes in the beamline optics, such as dispersion at the target.

  5. Most spin-1/2 transition-metal ions do have single ion anisotropy

    SciTech Connect

    Liu, Jia; Whangbo, Myung-Hwan E-mail: mike-whangbo@ncsu.edu; Koo, Hyun-Joo; Xiang, Hongjun E-mail: mike-whangbo@ncsu.edu; Kremer, Reinhard K.

    2014-09-28

    The cause for the preferred spin orientation in magnetic systems containing spin-1/2 transition-metal ions was explored by studying the origin of the easy-plane anisotropy of the spin-1/2 Cu{sup 2+} ions in CuCl{sub 2}·2H{sub 2}O, LiCuVO{sub 4}, CuCl{sub 2}, and CuBr{sub 2} on the basis of density functional theory and magnetic dipole-dipole energy calculations as well as a perturbation theory treatment of the spin-orbit coupling. We find that the spin orientation observed for these spin-1/2 ions is not caused by their anisotropic spin exchange interactions, nor by their magnetic dipole-dipole interactions, but by the spin-orbit coupling associated with their crystal-field split d-states. Our study also predicts in-plane anisotropy for the Cu{sup 2+} ions of Bi{sub 2}CuO{sub 4} and Li{sub 2}CuO{sub 2}. The results of our investigations dispel the mistaken belief that magnetic systems with spin-1/2 ions have no magnetic anisotropy induced by spin-orbit coupling.

  6. Realization of a Quantum Integer-Spin Chain with Controllable Interactions P. Richerme,1

    E-print Network

    Lathrop, Daniel P.

    point of view, controllable three-level systems ("qutrits") are useful for quantum logic, since they canRealization of a Quantum Integer-Spin Chain with Controllable Interactions C. Senko,1 P. Richerme,1 J. Smith,1 A. Lee,1 I. Cohen,2 A. Retzker,2 and C. Monroe1 1 Joint Quantum Institute, University

  7. Spin glass behavior in hole- and electron-doped bismuth manganite single crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, B. C.; Huang, Y. N.; Hao, C. Y.; Kuang, G. L.; Sun, Y. P.

    2012-09-01

    The hole- and electron-doped bismuth manganites Bi0.55Ca0.45MnO3, Bi0.55Sr0.45MnO3 and Bi0.95Ce0.05MnO3 single crystals were grown using the flux-growth method. Their structural, magnetic and electrical transport properties have been compared studied. All samples show spin-glass magnetic behavior at low temperatures. In the immediate temperature region, an antiferromagnetic transition at TA and a charge-ordering state at TCO are observed for Bi0.55Ca0.45MnO3 crystal, whereas only an antiferromagnetic transition exists in Bi0.95Ce0.05MnO3 and Bi0.55Sr0.45MnO3 crystals. Bi0.55Ca0.45MnO3 and Bi0.55Sr0.45MnO3 samples show semiconducting transport behavior in the whole studied temperature range, whereas Bi0.95Ce0.05MnO3 is an insulator at room temperature. In addition, near TCO a positive magnetoresistance as large as 70.7% is observed for Bi0.55Ca0.45MnO3 sample under 5 T applied magnetic field. The obtained results may originate from the rotation of the polarized Bi-6s2 lone pair electrons in the magnetic field.

  8. Beam Normal Single Spin Asymmetries in Elastic Electron Scattering from Selected Targets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duvall, Wade; Qweak Collaboration

    2013-10-01

    The primary focus of the Qweak experiment at Jefferson Lab is the determination of the proton's weak charge. To make corrections to the measured asymmetry, dedicated measurements were made of the parity-conserving beam normal single spin asymmetries (An) in elastic scattering of transversly polarized electrons from several unpolarized targets. The targets included hydrogen, carbon, and aluminum. In the case of hydrogen, two separate spectrometer settings were used to study elastic scattering off both the protons and electrons in the hydrogen target. The An for the hadronic targets are dominated by two-photon exchange amplitudes, which were important in resolving the discrepancy between two different methods determining the proton's electromagnetic form factors. For the heavy nuclear targets, proper calculation of Coulomb distortion effects are also important. For the case of the elastic scattering from electrons (Moller scattering), the asymmetry is a calculable QED process. The measurements were made with the Qweak apparatus at a beam energy of 1165 MeV and central scattering angle of ~8° . An overview of the motivations, the experimental approach, and the status of the analysis will be presented. Supported in part by NSF Award PHY1101818.

  9. Entanglement entropy and fidelity susceptibility in the one-dimensional spin-1 XXZ chains with alternating single-site anisotropy

    E-print Network

    Jie Ren; Guang-Hua Liu; Wen-Long You

    2015-02-18

    We study the fidelity susceptibility in an antiferromagnetic spin-1 XXZ chain numerically. By using the density-matrix renormalization group method, the effects of the alternating single-site anisotropy $D$ on fidelity susceptibility are investigated. Its relation with the quantum phase transition is analyzed. It is found that the quantum phase transition from the Haldane spin liquid to periodic N\\'{e}el spin solid can be well characterized by the fidelity. Finite size scaling of fidelity susceptibility shows a power-law divergence at criticality, which indicates the quantum phase transition is of second order. The results are confirmed by the second derivative of the ground-state energy. We also study the relationship between the entanglement entropy, the Schmidt gap and quantum phase transitions. Conclusions drawn from these quantum information observables agree well with each other.

  10. Entanglement entropy and fidelity susceptibility in the one-dimensional spin-1 XXZ chains with alternating single-site anisotropy.

    PubMed

    Ren, Jie; Liu, Guang-Hua; You, Wen-Long

    2015-03-18

    We study the fidelity susceptibility in an antiferromagnetic spin-1 XXZ chain numerically. By using the density-matrix renormalization group method, the effects of the alternating single-site anisotropy D on fidelity susceptibility are investigated. Its relation with the quantum phase transition is analyzed. It is found that the quantum phase transition from the Haldane spin liquid to periodic Néel spin solid can be well characterized by the fidelity. Finite size scaling of fidelity susceptibility shows a power-law divergence at criticality, which indicates the quantum phase transition is of second order. The results are confirmed by the second derivative of the ground-state energy. We also study the relationship between the entanglement entropy, the Schmidt gap and quantum phase transitions. Conclusions drawn from these quantum information observables agree well with each other. PMID:25707024

  11. Self-Spin-Controlled Rotation of Spatial States of a Dirac Electron in a Cylindrical Potential via Spin-Orbit Interaction

    E-print Network

    C. C. Leary; D. Reeb; M. G. Raymer

    2009-05-25

    Solution of the Dirac equation predicts that when an electron with non-zero orbital angular momentum propagates in a cylindrically symmetric potential, its spin and orbital degrees of freedom interact, causing the electron's phase velocity to depend on whether its spin and orbital angular momenta vectors are oriented parallel or anti-parallel with respect to each other. This spin-orbit splitting of the electronic dispersion curves can result in a rotation of the electron's spatial state in a manner controlled by the electron's own spin z-component value. These effects persist at non-relativistic velocities. To clarify the physical origin of this effect, we compare solutions of the Dirac equation to perturbative predictions of the Schrodinger-Pauli equation with a spin-orbit term, using the standard Foldy-Wouthuysen Hamiltonian. This clearly shows that the origin of the effect is the familiar relativistic spin-orbit interaction.

  12. Longitudinal and spin/valley Hall optical conductivity in single layer $MoS_{2}$

    E-print Network

    Li, Zhou

    2012-01-01

    A monolayer of $MoS_{2}$ has a non-centrosymmetric crystal structure, with spin polarized bands. It is a two valley semiconductor with direct gap falling in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum. Its optical properties are of particular interest in relation to valleytronics and possible device applications. We study the longitudinal and the transverse Hall dynamical conductivity which is decomposed into charge, spin and valley contributions. Circular polarized light associated with each of the two valleys separately is considered and results are filtered according to spin polarization. Temperature can greatly change the spin admixture seen in the frequency window where they are not closely in balance.

  13. Longitudinal and spin-valley Hall optical conductivity in single layer MoS2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Zhou; Carbotte, J. P.

    2012-11-01

    A monolayer of MoS2 has a noncentrosymmetric crystal structure, with spin-polarized bands. It is a two-valley semiconductor with the direct gap falling in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum. Its optical properties are of particular interest in relation to valleytronics and possible device applications. We study the longitudinal and the transverse Hall dynamical conductivity which is decomposed into charge, spin, and valley contributions. The circular polarized light associated with each of the two valleys separately is considered and results are filtered according to spin polarization. Temperature can greatly change the spin admixture seen in the frequency window where they are not closely in balance.

  14. Electrically controlled spin polarization and selection in a topological insulator sandwiched between ferromagnetic electrodes

    SciTech Connect

    Guo, Junji; Liao, Wenhu Zhao, Heping; Zhou, Guanghui

    2014-01-14

    We theoretically investigate the electrically controllable spin polarization and selective efficiency of the edge state Dirac electron in a two-dimensional topological insulator (TI) sandwiched between ferromagnetic (FM) electrodes by using the method of Keldysh nonequilibrium Green's function. A nearly full spin polarization of the topological edge state with giant inversion of ?80% is observed, which is much higher than the value previously reported. Moreover, the selective efficiency for spin-up electrons under the modulation of the parallel configuration of FM electrodes has been demonstrated to be larger than 95% for the first time, while that for spin-down electrons in the antiparallel case is higher than 90% in a wide energy range, owing to the inter-edge spin tunneling induced backscattering and spin dephasing effect. The obtained results may provide a deeper understanding of the TI edge states and a valuable guidance to design spin switch and filter with high on-off speed and selective efficiency based on TIs.

  15. Spinning Reserves from Controllable Packaged Through the Wall Air Conditioner (PTAC) Units

    SciTech Connect

    Kirby, B.J.

    2003-04-02

    This report summarizes the feasibility of providing spinning reserves from packaged through the wall air conditioning (PTAC) units. Spinning reserves, together with non-spinning reserves, compose the contingency reserves; the essential resources that the power system operator uses to restore the generation and load balance and maintain bulk power system reliability in the event of a major generation or transmission outage. Spinning reserves are the fastest responding and most expensive reserves. Many responsive load technologies could (and we hope will) be used to provide spinning reserve. It is also easier for many loads (including air conditioning loads) to provide the relatively shorter and less frequent interruptions required to respond to contingencies than it is for them to reduce consumption for an entire peak period. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is conducting research on obtaining spinning reserve from large pumping loads and from residential and small commercial thermostat controlled heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) units. The technology selected for this project, Digi-Log's retrofit PTAC controller, offers significant advantages. To evaluate the availability of spinning reserve capacity from responsive heating and air conditioning loads, ORNL obtained data from a number of units operating over a year at a motel in the TVA service territory. A total of 24 PTAC units in as many rooms were fitted with Digi-Log's supervisory control unit that could be controlled from the motel front desk. Twelve of the rooms formed the group in which the controller was controlled from the hotel front desk only. The remaining twelve rooms were controlled by the occupant and formed the uncontrolled group. This enables us to evaluate the spinning reserve capacity from PTACS that were operating normally and from those under active energy management. A second generation of the Digi-Log controller that will respond quickly enough to provide spinning reserve has been designed but not yet manufactured. Manufacture of these units is pending arrival of funds from NYSERDA. The new Digi-Log equipment will utilize satellite signals from Skytel to activate the controller from a remote site by the ISO and to respond to curtailment events. PTACs account for approximately 3% of the total commercial cooling load in the US, equivalent to an average energy consumption rate of 3,000 MW with peak consumption being significantly higher. Hence PTACs alone represent a sizable opportunity for providing spinning reserves from load. The residential buildings sector cooling and heating load averages about 33,000 MW, more than 10 times the commercial PTAC load. The buildings sector represents an even greater opportunity than the PTAC commercial sector for providing spinning reserves from load. Technology to implement load curtailment and monitor its effect already exists and can readily be further customized to meet ISO and utility needs. Further research is needed to prove the technical feasibility of PTAC units and other small loads providing spinning reserves. Aggregation, communication, control, and monitoring issues remain to be addressed. If the technical issues can be resolved however, it is likely that system operators, loads, and regulators will have significant incentives to resolve these other resources since spinning reserve from load has the potential to provide large benefits to each community.

  16. Reversible control of spin-polarized supercurrents in ferromagnetic Josephson junctions.

    PubMed

    Banerjee, N; Robinson, J W A; Blamire, M G

    2014-01-01

    Magnetic inhomogeneity at a superconductor (S)-ferromagnet (F) interface converts spin-singlet Cooper pairs into spin-one triplet pairs. These pairs are immune to the pair-breaking exchange field in F and support a long-range proximity effect. Although recent experiments have confirmed the existence of spin-polarized triplet supercurrents in S-F-S Josephson junctions, reversible control of the supercurrent has been impossible because of the robust preconfigured nature of the inhomogeneity. Here, we use a barrier comprising three F layers whose relative magnetic orientation, and hence the interfacial inhomogeneity, can be controlled by small magnetic fields; we show that this enables full control of the triplet supercurrent and, by using finite element micromagnetic simulations, we can directly relate the experimental data to the theoretical models which provide a general framework to understand the role played by magnetic states in long-range supercurrent modulation. PMID:25154467

  17. SKRYN: A fast semismooth-Krylov-Newton method for controlling Ising spin systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ciaramella, G.; Borzì, A.

    2015-05-01

    The modeling and control of Ising spin systems is of fundamental importance in NMR spectroscopy applications. In this paper, two computer packages, ReHaG and SKRYN, are presented. Their purpose is to set-up and solve quantum optimal control problems governed by the Liouville master equation modeling Ising spin-1/2 systems with pointwise control constraints. In particular, the MATLAB package ReHaG allows to compute a real matrix representation of the master equation. The MATLAB package SKRYN implements a new strategy resulting in a globalized semismooth matrix-free Krylov-Newton scheme. To discretize the real representation of the Liouville master equation, a norm-preserving modified Crank-Nicolson scheme is used. Results of numerical experiments demonstrate that the SKRYN code is able to provide fast and accurate solutions to the Ising spin quantum optimization problem.

  18. Towards quantum networks of single spins: analysis of a quantum memory with an optical interface in diamond.

    PubMed

    Blok, M S; Kalb, N; Reiserer, A; Taminiau, T H; Hanson, R

    2015-12-12

    Single defect centers in diamond have emerged as a powerful platform for quantum optics experiments and quantum information processing tasks. Connecting spatially separated nodes via optical photons into a quantum network will enable distributed quantum computing and long-range quantum communication. Initial experiments on trapped atoms and ions as well as defects in diamond have demonstrated entanglement between two nodes over several meters. To realize multi-node networks, additional quantum bit systems that store quantum states while new entanglement links are established are highly desirable. Such memories allow for entanglement distillation, purification and quantum repeater protocols that extend the size, speed and distance of the network. However, to be effective, the memory must be robust against the entanglement generation protocol, which typically must be repeated many times. Here we evaluate the prospects of using carbon nuclear spins in diamond as quantum memories that are compatible with quantum networks based on single nitrogen vacancy (NV) defects in diamond. We present a theoretical framework to describe the dephasing of the nuclear spins under repeated generation of NV spin-photon entanglement and show that quantum states can be stored during hundreds of repetitions using typical experimental coupling parameters. This result demonstrates that nuclear spins with weak hyperfine couplings are promising quantum memories for quantum networks. PMID:26411802

  19. A bosonic Josephson junction controlled by a single trapped ion

    E-print Network

    R. Gerritsma; A. Negretti; H. Doerk; Z. Idziaszek; T. Calarco; F. Schmidt-Kaler

    2012-07-25

    We theoretically investigate the properties of a double-well bosonic Josephson junction coupled to a single trapped ion. We find that the coupling between the wells can be controlled by the internal state of the ion, which can be used for studying mesoscopic entanglement between the two systems and to measure their interaction with high precision. As a particular example we consider a single $^{87}$Rb atom and a small Bose-Einstein condensate controlled by a single $^{171}$Yb$^+$ ion. We calculate inter-well coupling rates reaching hundreds of Hz, while the state dependence amounts to tens of Hz for plausible values of the currently unknown s-wave scattering length between the atom and the ion. The analysis shows that it is possible to induce either the self-trapping or the tunneling regime, depending on the internal state of the ion. This enables the generation of large scale ion-atomic wavepacket entanglement within current technology.

  20. Magnetophoretic circuits for digital control of single particles and cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lim, Byeonghwa; Reddy, Venu; Hu, Xinghao; Kim, Kunwoo; Jadhav, Mital; Abedini-Nassab, Roozbeh; Noh, Young-Woock; Lim, Yong Taik; Yellen, Benjamin B.; Kim, Cheolgi

    2014-05-01

    The ability to manipulate small fluid droplets, colloidal particles and single cells with the precision and parallelization of modern-day computer hardware has profound applications for biochemical detection, gene sequencing, chemical synthesis and highly parallel analysis of single cells. Drawing inspiration from general circuit theory and magnetic bubble technology, here we demonstrate a class of integrated circuits for executing sequential and parallel, timed operations on an ensemble of single particles and cells. The integrated circuits are constructed from lithographically defined, overlaid patterns of magnetic film and current lines. The magnetic patterns passively control particles similar to electrical conductors, diodes and capacitors. The current lines actively switch particles between different tracks similar to gated electrical transistors. When combined into arrays and driven by a rotating magnetic field clock, these integrated circuits have general multiplexing properties and enable the precise control of magnetizable objects.

  1. Magnetophoretic circuits for digital control of single particles and cells.

    PubMed

    Lim, Byeonghwa; Reddy, Venu; Hu, XingHao; Kim, KunWoo; Jadhav, Mital; Abedini-Nassab, Roozbeh; Noh, Young-Woock; Lim, Yong Taik; Yellen, Benjamin B; Kim, CheolGi

    2014-01-01

    The ability to manipulate small fluid droplets, colloidal particles and single cells with the precision and parallelization of modern-day computer hardware has profound applications for biochemical detection, gene sequencing, chemical synthesis and highly parallel analysis of single cells. Drawing inspiration from general circuit theory and magnetic bubble technology, here we demonstrate a class of integrated circuits for executing sequential and parallel, timed operations on an ensemble of single particles and cells. The integrated circuits are constructed from lithographically defined, overlaid patterns of magnetic film and current lines. The magnetic patterns passively control particles similar to electrical conductors, diodes and capacitors. The current lines actively switch particles between different tracks similar to gated electrical transistors. When combined into arrays and driven by a rotating magnetic field clock, these integrated circuits have general multiplexing properties and enable the precise control of magnetizable objects. PMID:24828763

  2. Control of Transcript Variability in Single Mammalian Cells.

    PubMed

    Battich, Nico; Stoeger, Thomas; Pelkmans, Lucas

    2015-12-17

    A central question in biology is whether variability between genetically identical cells exposed to the same culture conditions is largely stochastic or deterministic. Using image-based transcriptomics in millions of single human cells, we find that while variability of cytoplasmic transcript abundance is large, it is for most genes minimally stochastic and can be predicted with multivariate models of the phenotypic state and population context of single cells. Computational multiplexing of these predictive signatures across hundreds of genes revealed a complex regulatory system that controls the observed variability of transcript abundance between individual cells. Mathematical modeling and experimental validation show that nuclear retention and transport of transcripts between the nucleus and the cytoplasm is central to buffering stochastic transcriptional fluctuations in mammalian gene expression. Our work indicates that cellular compartmentalization confines transcriptional noise to the nucleus, thereby preventing it from interfering with the control of single-cell transcript abundance in the cytoplasm. PMID:26687353

  3. Modeling the Spin Motor Current of the International Space Station's Control Moment Gyroscopes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pereira, Miguel A.

    2008-01-01

    The International Space Station (ISS) attitude control is provided by two means: The Russian Segment uses thrusters and the U.S. Segment uses double-gimbaled control moment gyroscopes (CMG). CMGs are used as momentum exchange devices, providing non propulsive attitude control for the vehicle. The CMGs are very important for the ISS program because, first, they save propellant - which needs to be transferred to the Station in special cargo vehicles - and, second, they provide the microgravity environment on the Station - which is necessary for scientific experiments planned for the ISS mission. Since 2002, when one of the CMG on the ISS failed, all CMGs are closely monitored. High gimbal rates, vibration spikes, unusual variations of spin motor current and bearing temperatures are of great concern, since these parameters are the CMG health indicators. The telemetry analysis of these and some other CMG parameters is used to determine constrains and make changes to the CMGs operation on board. These CMG limitations, in turn, may limit the ISS attitude control capabilities and may be critical to ISS operation. Therefore, it is important to know whether the CMG parameter is nominal or out of family, and why. The goal of this project is to analyze an important CMG parameter - spin motor current. Some operational decisions are made now based on the spin motor current signatures. The spin motor current depends on gimbal rates, ISS rates, and spin bearing friction. The spin bearing friction in turn depends on the bearing temperatures, wheel rates, normal load - which is a function of gimbal and wheel rates - lubrication, etc. The first task of this project is to create a spin motor current mathematical model based on CMG dynamics model and the current knowledge on bearing friction in microgravity.

  4. Controlled transport of superparamagnetic beads with spin-valves

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Altman, Wendy R.; Moreland, John; Russek, Stephen E.; Han, Bruce W.; Bright, Victor M.

    2011-10-01

    Trapping, release, and transport of individual, or ensembles of, 2.8 ?m superparamagnetic beads (SPB) functionalized with streptavidin were demonstrated with an addressable array of spin-valve (SV) traps integrated into a microfluidic channel. The linear array consists of two staggered lines of 1 ?m × 8 ?m SVs toggled "on" or "off" with 10 ms and 150 mA or -100 mA current pulses, respectively. The SPB is trapped when the SV is "on" and released or ignored when the SV is "off". This "switchable permanent magnet" offers a low power alternative to other precision microfluidic transport devices.

  5. Single-Lever Power Control for General Aviation Aircraft Promises Improved Efficiency and Simplified Pilot Controls

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Musgrave, Jeffrey L.

    1997-01-01

    General aviation research is leading to major advances in internal combustion engine control systems for single-engine, single-pilot aircraft. These advances promise to increase engine performance and fuel efficiency while substantially reducing pilot workload and increasing flight safety. One such advance is a single-lever power control (SLPC) system, a welcome departure from older, less user-friendly, multilever engine control systems. The benefits of using single-lever power controls for general aviation aircraft are improved flight safety through advanced engine diagnostics, simplified powerplant operations, increased time between overhauls, and cost-effective technology (extends fuel burn and reduces overhaul costs). The single-lever concept has proven to be so effective in preliminary studies that general aviation manufacturers are making plans to retrofit current aircraft with the technology and are incorporating it in designs for future aircraft.

  6. Single and double spin asymmetries for deeply virtual Compton scattering measured with CLAS and a longitudinally polarized proton target

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pisano, S.; Biselli, A.; Niccolai, S.; Seder, E.; Guidal, M.; Mirazita, M.; Adhikari, K. P.; Adikaram, D.; Amaryan, M. J.; Anderson, M. D.; Anefalos Pereira, S.; Avakian, H.; Ball, J.; Battaglieri, M.; Batourine, V.; Bedlinskiy, I.; Bosted, P.; Briscoe, B.; Brock, J.; Brooks, W. K.; Burkert, V. D.; Carlin, C.; Carman, D. S.; Celentano, A.; Chandavar, S.; Charles, G.; Colaneri, L.; Cole, P. L.; Compton, N.; Contalbrigo, M.; Cortes, O.; Crabb, D. G.; Crede, V.; D'Angelo, A.; De Vita, R.; De Sanctis, E.; Deur, A.; Djalali, C.; Dupre, R.; Egiyan, H.; El Alaoui, A.; El Fassi, L.; Elouadrhiri, L.; Eugenio, P.; Fedotov, G.; Fegan, S.; Fersch, R.; Filippi, A.; Fleming, J. A.; Fradi, A.; Garillon, B.; Garçon, M.; Ghandilyan, Y.; Gilfoyle, G. P.; Giovanetti, K. L.; Girod, F. X.; Goetz, J. T.; Gohn, W.; Golovatch, E.; Gothe, R. W.; Griffioen, K. A.; Guo, L.; Hafidi, K.; Hanretty, C.; Hattawy, M.; Hicks, K.; Holtrop, M.; Hughes, S. M.; Ilieva, Y.; Ireland, D. G.; Ishkhanov, B. S.; Jenkins, D.; Jiang, X.; Jo, H. S.; Joo, K.; Joosten, S.; Keith, C. D.; Keller, D.; Kim, A.; Kim, W.; Klein, F. J.; Kubarovsky, V.; Kuhn, S. E.; Lenisa, P.; Livingston, K.; Lu, H. Y.; MacCormick, M.; MacGregor, I. J. D.; Mayer, M.; McKinnon, B.; Meekins, D. G.; Meyer, C. A.; Mokeev, V.; Montgomery, R. A.; Moody, C. I.; Munoz Camacho, C.; Nadel-Turonski, P.; Osipenko, M.; Ostrovidov, A. I.; Park, K.; Phelps, W.; Phillips, J. J.; Pogorelko, O.; Price, J. W.; Procureur, S.; Prok, Y.; Puckett, A. J. R.; Ripani, M.; Rizzo, A.; Rosner, G.; Rossi, P.; Roy, P.; Sabatié, F.; Salgado, C.; Schott, D.; Schumacher, R. A.; Skorodumina, I.; Smith, G. D.; Sober, D. I.; Sokhan, D.; Sparveris, N.; Stepanyan, S.; Stoler, P.; Strauch, S.; Sytnik, V.; Tian, Ye; Tkachenko, S.; Turisini, M.; Ungaro, M.; Voutier, E.; Walford, N. K.; Watts, D. P.; Wei, X.; Weinstein, L. B.; Wood, M. H.; Zachariou, N.; Zana, L.; Zhang, J.; Zhao, Z. W.; Zonta, I.; CLAS Collaboration

    2015-03-01

    Single-beam, single-target, and double spin asymmetries for hard exclusive electroproduction of a photon on the proton e ?p ??e'p'? are presented. The data were taken at Jefferson Lab using the CEBAF large acceptance spectrometer and a longitudinally polarized NH3 14 target. The three asymmetries were measured in 165 four-dimensional kinematic bins, covering the widest kinematic range ever explored simultaneously for beam and target-polarization observables in the valence quark region. The kinematic dependences of the obtained asymmetries are discussed and compared to the predictions of models of generalized parton distributions. The measurement of three DVCS spin observables at the same kinematic points allows a quasi-model-independent extraction of the imaginary parts of the H and H ˜ Compton form factors, which give insight into the electric and axial charge distributions of valence quarks in the proton.

  7. High-quality single crystal growth and spin flop of multiferroic Co4Nb2O9

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cao, Yiming; Yang, Yali; Xiang, Maolin; Feng, Zhenjie; Kang, Baojuan; Zhang, Jincang; Ren, Wei; Cao, Shixun

    2015-06-01

    A single crystal of Co4Nb2O9 about 7 mm in diameter and 55 mm in length was successfully grown by an optical floating zone method. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) indicates that it has a single phase corundum-type structure. Clear Laue spots and sharp XRD peaks confirm the good quality and crystallographic orientations. Below TN, magnetization of Co4Nb2O9 along a axis shows dramatically different behaviors between H=1 kOe and 20 kOe, suggesting a spin flop occurs along a axis. Ma(H) curve at 5 K shows a change of slope at a critical magnetic field of 7.5 kOe for triggering the spin flip.

  8. Single and double spin asymmetries for deeply virtual Compton scattering measured with CLAS and a longitudinally polarized proton target

    SciTech Connect

    Pisano, S.; Biselli, A.; Niccolai, S.; Seder, E.; Guidal, M.; Mirazita, M.; Adhikari, K. P.; Adikaram, D.; Amaryan, M. J.; Anderson, M. D.; Anefalos Pereira, S.; Avakian, H.; Ball, J.; Battaglieri, M.; Batourine, V.; Bedlinskiy, I.; Bosted, P.; Briscoe, B.; Brock, J.; Brooks, W. K.; Burkert, V. D.; Carlin, C.; Carman, D. S.; Celentano, A.; Chandavar, S.; Charles, G.; Colaneri, L.; Cole, P. L.; Compton, N.; Contalbrigo, M.; Cortes, O.; Crabb, D. G.; Crede, V.; D' Angelo, A.; De Vita, R.; De Sanctis, E.; Deur, A.; Djalali, C.; Dupre, R.; Egiyan, H.; El Alaoui, A.; El Fassi, L.; Elouadrhiri, L.; Eugenio, P.; Fedotov, G.; Fegan, S.; Fersch, R.; Filippi, A.; Fleming, J. A.; Fradi, A.; Garillon, B.; Garcon, M.; Ghandilyan, Y.; Gilfoyle, G. P.; Giovanetti, K. L.; Girod, F. X.; Goetz, J. T.; Gohn, W.; Golovatch, E.; Gothe, R. W.; Griffioen, K. A.; Guo, L.; Hafidi, K.; Hanretty, C.; Hattawy, M.; Hicks, K.; Holtrop, M.; Hughes, S. M.; Ilieva, Y.; Ireland, D. G.; Ishkhanov, B. S.; Jenkins, D.; Jiang, X.; Jo, H. S.; Joo, K.; Joosten, S.; Keith, C. D.; Keller, D.; Kim, A.; Kim, W.; Klein, F. J.; Kubarovsky, V.; Kuhn, S. E.; Lenisa, P.; Livingston, K.; Lu, H. Y.; MacCormick, M.; MacGregor, Ian J. D.; Mayer, M.; McKinnon, B.; Meekins, D. G.; Meyer, C. A.; Mokeev, V.; Montgomery, R. A.; Moody, C. I.; Munoz Camacho, C.; Nadel-Turonski, P.; Osipenko, M.; Ostrovidov, A. I.; Park, K.; Phelps, W.; Phillips, J. J.; Pogorelko, O.; Price, J. W.; Procureur, S.; Prok, Y.; Puckett, A. J. R.; Ripani, M.; Rizzo, A.; Rosner, G.; Rossi, P.; Roy, P.; Sabatie, F.; Salgado, C.; Schott, D.; Schumacher, R. A.; Skorodumina, I.; Smith, G. D.; Sober, D. I.; Sokhan, D.; Sparveris, N.; Stepanyan, S.; Stoler, P.; Strauch, S.; Sytnik, V.; Tian, Ye; Tkachenko, S.; Turisini, M.; Ungaro, M.; Voutier, E.; Walford, N. K.; Watts, D. P.; Wei, X.; Weinstein, L. B.; Wood, M. H.; Zachariou, N.; Zana, L.; Zhang, J.; Zhao, Z. W.; Zonta, I.

    2015-03-19

    Single-beam, single-target, and double-spin asymmetries for hard exclusive photon production on the proton e? p? ?e'p'? are presented. The data were taken at Jefferson Lab using the CLAS detector and a longitudinally polarized 14NH3 target. The three asymmetries were measured in 165 4-dimensional kinematic bins, covering the widest kinematic range ever explored simultaneously for beam and target-polarization observables in the valence quark region. The kinematic dependences of the obtained asymmetries are discussed and compared to the predictions of models of Generalized Parton Distributions. As a result, the measurement of three DVCS spin observables at the same kinematic points allows a quasi-model-independent extraction of the imaginary parts of the H and H~ Compton Form Factors, which give insight into the electric and axial charge distributions of valence quarks in the proton.

  9. Controlling the spin of co atoms on pt(111) by hydrogen adsorption.

    PubMed

    Dubout, Q; Donati, F; Wäckerlin, C; Calleja, F; Etzkorn, M; Lehnert, A; Claude, L; Gambardella, P; Brune, H

    2015-03-13

    We investigate the effect of H adsorption on the magnetic properties of individual Co atoms on Pt(111) with scanning tunneling microscopy. For pristine Co atoms, we detect no inelastic features in the tunnel spectra. Conversely, CoH and CoH2 show a number of low-energy vibrational features in their differential conductance identified by isotope substitution. Only the fcc-adsorbed species present conductance steps of magnetic origin, with a field splitting identifying their effective spin as Seff=2 for CoH and 3/2 for CoH2. The exposure to H2 and desorption through tunnel electrons allow the reversible control of the spin in half-integer steps. Because of the presence of the surface, the hydrogen-induced spin increase is opposite to the spin sequence of CoHn molecules in the gas phase. PMID:25815958

  10. Controlling the Spin of Co Atoms on Pt(111) by Hydrogen Adsorption

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dubout, Q.; Donati, F.; Wäckerlin, C.; Calleja, F.; Etzkorn, M.; Lehnert, A.; Claude, L.; Gambardella, P.; Brune, H.

    2015-03-01

    We investigate the effect of H adsorption on the magnetic properties of individual Co atoms on Pt(111) with scanning tunneling microscopy. For pristine Co atoms, we detect no inelastic features in the tunnel spectra. Conversely, CoH and CoH2 show a number of low-energy vibrational features in their differential conductance identified by isotope substitution. Only the fcc-adsorbed species present conductance steps of magnetic origin, with a field splitting identifying their effective spin as Seff=2 for CoH and 3 /2 for CoH2 . The exposure to H2 and desorption through tunnel electrons allow the reversible control of the spin in half-integer steps. Because of the presence of the surface, the hydrogen-induced spin increase is opposite to the spin sequence of CoHn molecules in the gas phase.

  11. -Supplementary Material -Electrical read-out of individual nuclear spin trajectories in a single-molecule magnet

    E-print Network

    . Terbium Double-Decker 1 S3. Nuclear Spin Read-Out 2 S4. Quantum Tunnelling of Magnetization 3 S5. Quantum magnetic field sweeps in three dimensions at field sweep rates up to 0.2 T/s. S2. TERBIUM DOUBLE-DECKER We used a Terbium (III) bis-phthalocyanine single molecule magnet (SMM), which is a metal-organic com

  12. Transverse single-spin asymmetries at mid-rapidity at ?s =200 GeV in p + p collisions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eyser, K. Oleg

    2006-07-01

    The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has measured transverse single-spin asymmetries of charged hadrons in 2002 and 2005 in p + p collisions at ?s = 200 GeV and rapidities |?| < 0.35. An extended square root formula has been calculated for the asymmetries in order to make use of the full acceptance of the detector. No evidence for finite values can be observed in this kinematical region.

  13. Cloning transformations in spin networks without external control

    SciTech Connect

    De Chiara, Gabriele; Fazio, Rosario; Montangero, Simone; Macchiavello, Chiara; Palma, G. Massimo

    2005-07-15

    In this paper we present an approach to quantum cloning with unmodulated spin networks. The cloner is realized by a proper design of the network and a choice of the coupling between the qubits. We show that in the case of phase covariant cloner the XY coupling gives the best results. In the 1{yields}2 cloning we find that the value for the fidelity of the optimal cloner is achieved, and values comparable to the optimal ones in the general N{yields}M case can be attained. If a suitable set of network symmetries are satisfied, the output fidelity of the clones does not depend on the specific choice of the graph. We show that spin network cloning is robust against the presence of static imperfections. Moreover, in the presence of noise, it outperforms the conventional approach. In this case the fidelity exceeds the corresponding value obtained by quantum gates even for a very small amount of noise. Furthermore, we show how to use this method to clone qutrits and qudits. By means of the Heisenberg coupling it is also possible to implement the universal cloner although in this case the fidelity is 10% off that of the optimal cloner.

  14. Spin Wave Diffraction Control and Read-out with a Quantum Memory for Light

    E-print Network

    Gabriel Hétet; David Guéry-Odelin

    2015-01-06

    A scheme for control and read-out of diffracted spins waves to propagating light fields is presented. Diffraction is obtained via sinusoidally varying lights shifts and ideal one-to-one mapping to light is realized using a gradient echo quantum memory. We also show that dynamical control of the diffracted spin waves spatial orders can be implemented to realize a quantum pulse sequencer for temporal modes that have high time-bandwidth products. Full numerical solutions suggest that both co-propagating and couterpropagating light shift geometries can be used, making the proposal applicable to hot and cold atomic vapours as well as solid state systems with two-level atoms.

  15. Controllable Quantum State Transfer Between a Josephson Charge Qubit and an Electronic Spin Ensemble

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yan, Run-Ying; Wang, Hong-Ling; Feng, Zhi-Bo

    2015-05-01

    We propose a theoretical scheme to implement controllable quantum state transfer between a superconducting charge qubit and an electronic spin ensemble of nitrogen-vacancy centers. By an electro-mechanical resonator acting as a quantum data bus, an effective interaction between the charge qubit and the spin ensemble can be achieved in the dispersive regime, by which state transfers are switchable due to the adjustable electrical coupling. With the accessible experimental parameters, we further numerically analyze the feasibility and robustness. The present scheme could provide a potential approach for transferring quantum states controllably with the hybrid system.

  16. Optimal open-loop and feedback control using single gimbal control moment gyroscopes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hoelscher, Brian R.; Vadali, Srinvas R.

    1993-01-01

    Methods for control of spacecraft maneuvers through the use of single gimbal control moment gyroscopes are developed. The development employs an integrated model of the spacecraft dynamics with the control moment gyroscope dynamics. Smooth and continuous open-loop control profiles are obtained which minimize a weighted function of maneuver time, magnitude of control effort, and proximity to singular gimbal configurations. Closed-loop state feedback control laws are derived by invoking Lyapunov stability theory. The schemes are presented for implementing the commanded state feedback: gimbal rate control and gimbal acceleration control. The appropriate handling of singular gimbal configurations is also discussed.

  17. Attosecond Coherent Control of Single and Double Photoionization in Argon.

    PubMed

    Hogle, C W; Tong, X M; Martin, L; Murnane, M M; Kapteyn, H C; Ranitovic, P

    2015-10-23

    Ultrafast high harmonic beams provide new opportunities for coherently controlling excitation and ionization processes in atoms, molecules, and materials on attosecond time scales by employing multiphoton two-pathway electron-wave-packet quantum interferences. Here we use spectrally tailored and frequency tuned vacuum and extreme ultraviolet harmonic combs, together with two phase-locked infrared laser fields, to show how the total single and double photoionization yields of argon can be coherently modulated by controlling the relative phases of both optical and electronic-wave-packet quantum interferences. This Letter is the first to apply quantum control techniques to double photoionization, which is a fundamental process where a single, high-energy photon ionizes two electrons simultaneously from an atom. PMID:26551112

  18. Attosecond Coherent Control of Single and Double Photoionization in Argon

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hogle, C. W.; Tong, X. M.; Martin, L.; Murnane, M. M.; Kapteyn, H. C.; Ranitovic, P.

    2015-10-01

    Ultrafast high harmonic beams provide new opportunities for coherently controlling excitation and ionization processes in atoms, molecules, and materials on attosecond time scales by employing multiphoton two-pathway electron-wave-packet quantum interferences. Here we use spectrally tailored and frequency tuned vacuum and extreme ultraviolet harmonic combs, together with two phase-locked infrared laser fields, to show how the total single and double photoionization yields of argon can be coherently modulated by controlling the relative phases of both optical and electronic-wave-packet quantum interferences. This Letter is the first to apply quantum control techniques to double photoionization, which is a fundamental process where a single, high-energy photon ionizes two electrons simultaneously from an atom.

  19. Spintronic single qubit gate based on a quantum ring with spin-orbit interaction

    E-print Network

    Peter Foldi; Balazs Molnar; Mihaly G. Benedict; F. M. Peeters

    2004-06-14

    In a quantum ring connected with two external leads the spin properties of an incoming electron are modified by the spin-orbit interaction resulting in a transformation of the qubit state carried by the spin. The ring acts as a one qubit spintronic quantum gate whose properties can be varied by tuning the Rashba parameter of the spin-orbit interaction, by changing the relative position of the junctions, as well as by the size of the ring. We show that a large class of unitary transformations can be attained with already one ring -- or a few rings in series -- including the important cases of the Z, X, and Hadamard gates. By choosing appropriate parameters the spin transformations can be made unitary, which corresponds to lossless gates.

  20. Two-photon interference at telecom wavelengths for time-bin-encoded single photons from quantum-dot spin qubits

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Leo; Natarajan, Chandra M.; Horikiri, Tomoyuki; Langrock, Carsten; Pelc, Jason S.; Tanner, Michael G.; Abe, Eisuke; Maier, Sebastian; Schneider, Christian; Höfling, Sven; Kamp, Martin; Hadfield, Robert H.; Fejer, Martin M.; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa

    2015-01-01

    Practical quantum communication between remote quantum memories rely on single photons at telecom wavelengths. Although spin-photon entanglement has been demonstrated in atomic and solid-state qubit systems, the produced single photons at short wavelengths and with polarization encoding are not suitable for long-distance communication, because they suffer from high propagation loss and depolarization in optical fibres. Establishing entanglement between remote quantum nodes would further require the photons generated from separate nodes to be indistinguishable. Here, we report the observation of correlations between a quantum-dot spin and a telecom single photon across a 2-km fibre channel based on time-bin encoding and background-free frequency downconversion. The downconverted photon at telecom wavelengths exhibits two-photon interference with another photon from an independent source, achieving a mean wavepacket overlap of greater than 0.89 despite their original wavelength mismatch (900 and 911?nm). The quantum-networking operations that we demonstrate will enable practical communication between solid-state spin qubits across long distances. PMID:26597223

  1. Two-photon interference at telecom wavelengths for time-bin-encoded single photons from quantum-dot spin qubits.

    PubMed

    Yu, Leo; Natarajan, Chandra M; Horikiri, Tomoyuki; Langrock, Carsten; Pelc, Jason S; Tanner, Michael G; Abe, Eisuke; Maier, Sebastian; Schneider, Christian; Höfling, Sven; Kamp, Martin; Hadfield, Robert H; Fejer, Martin M; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa

    2015-01-01

    Practical quantum communication between remote quantum memories rely on single photons at telecom wavelengths. Although spin-photon entanglement has been demonstrated in atomic and solid-state qubit systems, the produced single photons at short wavelengths and with polarization encoding are not suitable for long-distance communication, because they suffer from high propagation loss and depolarization in optical fibres. Establishing entanglement between remote quantum nodes would further require the photons generated from separate nodes to be indistinguishable. Here, we report the observation of correlations between a quantum-dot spin and a telecom single photon across a 2-km fibre channel based on time-bin encoding and background-free frequency downconversion. The downconverted photon at telecom wavelengths exhibits two-photon interference with another photon from an independent source, achieving a mean wavepacket overlap of greater than 0.89 despite their original wavelength mismatch (900 and 911?nm). The quantum-networking operations that we demonstrate will enable practical communication between solid-state spin qubits across long distances. PMID:26597223

  2. Determination of ground state properties in quantum spin systems by single qubit unitary operations and entanglement excitation energies

    E-print Network

    S. M. Giampaolo; F. Illuminati; P. Verrucchi; S. De Siena

    2007-12-21

    We introduce a method for analyzing ground state properties of quantum many body systems, based on the characterization of separability and entanglement by single subsystem unitary operations. We apply the method to the study of the ground state structure of several interacting spin-1/2 models, described by Hamiltonians with different degrees of symmetry. We show that the approach based on single qubit unitary operations allows to introduce {\\it ``entanglement excitation energies''}, a set of observables that can characterize ground state properties, including the quantification of single-site entanglement and the determination of quantum critical points. The formalism allows to identify the existence and location of factorization points, and a purely quantum {\\it ``transition of entanglement''} that occurs at the approach of factorization. This kind of quantum transition is characterized by a diverging ratio of excitation energies associated to single-qubit unitary operations.

  3. A Comparison Study of Magnetic Bearing Controllers for a Fully Suspended Dynamic Spin Rig

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Choi, Benjamin; Johnson, Dexter; Morrison, Carlos; Mehmed, Oral; Huff, Dennis (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) has developed a fully suspended magnetic bearing system for the Dynamic Spin Rig (DSR) that is used to perform vibration tests of turbomachinery blades and components under spinning conditions in a vacuum. Two heteropolar radial magnetic bearings and a thrust bearing and the associated control system were integrated into the DSR to provide noncontact magnetic suspension and mechanical excitation of the 35 lb vertical rotor with blades to induce turbomachinery blade vibration. A simple proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller with a special feature for multidirectional radial excitation worked very well to both support and shake the shaft with blades. However, more advanced controllers were developed and successfully tested to determine the optimal controller in terms of sensor and processing noise reduction, smaller rotor orbits, and energy savings for the system. The test results of a variety of controllers we demonstrated up to the rig's maximum allowable speed of 10,000 rpm are shown.

  4. Optimal single quantum dot heat-to-pure-spin-current converters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buddhiraju, Siddharth; Muralidharan, Bhaskaran

    2015-12-01

    We delve into the conditions under which a quantum dot thermoelectric setup may be tuned to realize an optimal heat-to-pure-spin-current converter. It is well known that a heat-to-pure-spin-current converter may be realized using a non-interacting quantum dot with a spin-split energy spectrum under particle hole symmetry conditions. However, with the inclusion of Coulomb interaction U, ubiquitous in typical quantum dot systems, the relevant transport physics is expected to be altered. In this work, we provide a detailed picture of thermoelectric pure spin currents at various Coulomb interaction parameters U and describe the conditions necessary for an exact cancelation of charge transport between energy levels ? and their Coulomb-charged partner levels ? + U, so as to yield the largest terminal pure spin currents. A non-trivial aspect pointed out here is that at sufficiently large values of U (? U0), pure spin currents tend to optimize at points other than where the particle-hole symmetry occurs. It is also ascertained that a global maximum of pure spin current is generated at a typical value of the interaction parameter U. These optimum conditions may be easily realized using a typical gated quantum dot thermoelectric transport setup.

  5. Visualizing and controlling vibrational wave packets of single molecules.

    PubMed

    Brinks, Daan; Stefani, Fernando D; Kulzer, Florian; Hildner, Richard; Taminiau, Tim H; Avlasevich, Yuri; Müllen, Klaus; van Hulst, Niek F

    2010-06-17

    The active steering of the pathways taken by chemical reactions and the optimization of energy conversion processes provide striking examples of the coherent control of quantum interference through the use of shaped laser pulses. Experimentally, coherence is usually established by synchronizing a subset of molecules in an ensemble with ultra-short laser pulses. But in complex systems where even chemically identical molecules exist with different conformations and in diverse environments, the synchronized subset will have an intrinsic inhomogeneity that limits the degree of coherent control that can be achieved. A natural-and, indeed, the ultimate-solution to overcoming intrinsic inhomogeneities is the investigation of the behaviour of one molecule at a time. The single-molecule approach has provided useful insights into phenomena as diverse as biomolecular interactions, cellular processes and the dynamics of supercooled liquids and conjugated polymers. Coherent state preparation of single molecules has so far been restricted to cryogenic conditions, whereas at room temperature only incoherent vibrational relaxation pathways have been probed. Here we report the observation and manipulation of vibrational wave-packet interference in individual molecules at ambient conditions. We show that adapting the time and phase distribution of the optical excitation field to the dynamics of each molecule results in a high degree of control, and expect that the approach can be extended to achieve single-molecule coherent control in other complex inhomogeneous systems. PMID:20559383

  6. Electrically driven nuclear spin resonance in a single-molecule magnet

    E-print Network

    Vallette, Bruno

    molecular magnet #12;Tb3+ TbPc2 molecular magnet #12;· terbium double-decker (TbPc2) electronic spin ­ J = 6;· terbium double-decker (TbPc2) electronic spin ­ J = 6 ­ µ 9 µB ­ mJ = ±5 (ES) E = 600 K mJ = ±6 (GS += · terbium double-decker (TbPc2) electronic spin ­ J = 6 ­ µ 9 µB ­ mJ = ±5 (ES) E = 600 K mJ = ±6 (GS

  7. Exact magnetic field control of nitrogen-vacancy center spin for realizing fast quantum logic gates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fang, Wen-Qi; Liu, Bang-Gui

    2015-11-01

    The negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center spin in diamond can be used to realize quantum computation and to sense magnetic fields. Its spin triplet consists of three levels labeled with its spin z -components of +1, 0, and -1. Without external field, the +1 and -1 states are degenerate and higher than the 0 state due to the zero-field splitting. By taking the symmetrical and antisymmetrical superpositions of the +1 and -1 states as our qubit basis, we obtain the exact evolution operator of the NV center spin under time-dependent magnetic field by mapping the three-level system on time-dependent quantum two-level systems with exact analytical solutions. With our exact evolution operator of the NV center spin including three levels, we show that arbitrary qubits can be prepared from the starting 0 state, and arbitrary rapid quantum logic gates of these qubits can be realized with magnetic fields. In addition, it is made clear that the typical quantum logic gates can be accomplished within a few nanoseconds and the fidelity can be very high because only magnetic field strength needs to be controlled in this approach. These results should be useful to realizing quantum computing with the NV center spin systems in diamond and exploring other effects and applications.

  8. Optimizing the spin sensitivity of grain boundary junction nanoSQUIDs—towards detection of small spin systems with single-spin resolution

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wölbing, R.; Schwarz, T.; Müller, B.; Nagel, J.; Kemmler, M.; Kleiner, R.; Koelle, D.

    2014-12-01

    We present an optimization study of the spin sensitivity of nano superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) based on resistively shunted grain boundary Josephson junctions. In addition the direct current SQUIDs contain a narrow constriction onto which a small magnetic particle can be placed (with its magnetic moment in the plane of the SQUID loop and perpendicular to the grain boundary) for efficient coupling of its stray magnetic field to the SQUID loop. The separation of the location of optimum coupling from the junctions allows for an independent optimization of the coupling factor {{? }? } and junction properties. We present different methods for calculating {{? }? } (for a magnetic nanoparticle placed 10 nm above the constriction) as a function of device geometry and show that those yield consistent results. Furthermore, by numerical simulations we obtain a general expression for the dependence of the SQUID inductance on geometrical parameters of our devices, which allows to estimate their impact on the spectral density of flux noise {{S}? } of the SQUIDs in the thermal white noise regime. Our analysis of the dependence of {{S}? } and {{? }? } on the geometric parameters of the SQUID layout yields a spin sensitivity S? 1/2=S? 1/2/{{? }? } of a few {{? }B} H{{z}-1/2} ({{? }B} is the Bohr magneton) for optimized parameters, respecting technological constraints. However, by comparison with experimentally realized devices we find significantly larger values for the measured white flux noise, as compared to our theoretical predictions. Still, a spin sensitivity on the order of 10 {{? }B} H{{z}-1/2} for optimized devices seems to be realistic.

  9. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 21 OCTOBER 2012 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS2457 Production of spin-controlled rare isotope beams

    E-print Network

    Loss, Daniel

    -controlled rare isotope beams Yuichi Ichikawa1 * , Hideki Ueno1 , Yuji Ishii2 , Takeshi Furukawa3 , Akihiro propose a method for controlling spin in a system of rare isotopes which takes advantage of the mechanism% was achieved for the spin of a rare isotope 32 Al. The figure of merit for the present method was found

  10. Controlling single-molecule junction conductance by molecular interactions

    PubMed Central

    Kitaguchi, Y.; Habuka, S.; Okuyama, H.; Hatta, S.; Aruga, T.; Frederiksen, T.; Paulsson, M.; Ueba, H.

    2015-01-01

    For the rational design of single-molecular electronic devices, it is essential to understand environmental effects on the electronic properties of a working molecule. Here we investigate the impact of molecular interactions on the single-molecule conductance by accurately positioning individual molecules on the electrode. To achieve reproducible and precise conductivity measurements, we utilize relatively weak ?-bonding between a phenoxy molecule and a STM-tip to form and cleave one contact to the molecule. The anchoring to the other electrode is kept stable using a chalcogen atom with strong bonding to a Cu(110) substrate. These non-destructive measurements permit us to investigate the variation in single-molecule conductance under different but controlled environmental conditions. Combined with density functional theory calculations, we clarify the role of the electrostatic field in the environmental effect that influences the molecular level alignment. PMID:26135251

  11. Composition controlled spin polarization in Co(1-x)Fe(x)S(2) alloys.

    PubMed

    Leighton, C; Manno, M; Cady, A; Freeland, J W; Wang, L; Umemoto, K; Wentzcovitch, R M; Chen, T Y; Chien, C L; Kuhns, P L; Hoch, M J R; Reyes, A P; Moulton, W G; Dahlberg, E D; Checkelsky, J; Eckert, J

    2007-08-01

    The transition metal (TM) chalcogenides of the form TMX(2) (X = S or Se) have been studied for decades due to their interesting electronic and magnetic properties such as metamagnetism and metal-insulator transitions. In particular, the Co(1-x)Fe(x)S(2) alloys were the subject of investigation in the 1970s due to general interest in itinerant ferromagnetism. In recent years (2000-present) it has been shown, both by electronic structure calculations and detailed experimental investigations, that Co(1-x)Fe(x)S(2) is a model system for the investigation of highly spin polarized ferromagnetism. The radically different electronic properties of the two endpoint compounds (CoS(2) is a narrow bandwidth ferromagnetic metal, while FeS(2) is a diamagnetic semiconductor), in a system forming a substitutional solid solution allows for composition control of the Fermi level relative to the spin split bands, and therefore composition-controlled conduction electron spin polarization. In essence, the recent work has shown that the concept of 'band engineering' can be applied to half-metallic ferromagnets and that high spin polarization can be deliberately engineered. Experiments reveal tunability in both sign and magnitude of the spin polarization at the Fermi level, with maximum values obtained to date of 85% at low temperatures. In this paper we review the properties of Co(1-x)Fe(x)S(2) alloys, with an emphasis on properties of relevance to half-metallicity. Crystal structure, electronic structure, synthesis, magnetic properties, transport properties, direct probes of the spin polarization, and measurements of the total density of states at the Fermi level are all discussed. We conclude with a discussion of the factors that influence, or even limit, the spin polarization, along with a discussion of opportunities and problems for future investigation, particularly with regard to fundamental studies of spintronic devices. PMID:21694119

  12. Composition controlled spin polarization in Co1-xFexS2 alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leighton, C.; Manno, M.; Cady, A.; Freeland, J. W.; Wang, L.; Umemoto, K.; Wentzcovitch, R. M.; Chen, T. Y.; Chien, C. L.; Kuhns, P. L.; Hoch, M. J. R.; Reyes, A. P.; Moulton, W. G.; Dahlberg, E. D.; Checkelsky, J.; Eckert, J.

    2007-08-01

    The transition metal (TM) chalcogenides of the form TMX2 (X = S or Se) have been studied for decades due to their interesting electronic and magnetic properties such as metamagnetism and metal-insulator transitions. In particular, the Co1-xFexS2 alloys were the subject of investigation in the 1970s due to general interest in itinerant ferromagnetism. In recent years (2000-present) it has been shown, both by electronic structure calculations and detailed experimental investigations, that Co1-xFexS2 is a model system for the investigation of highly spin polarized ferromagnetism. The radically different electronic properties of the two endpoint compounds (CoS2 is a narrow bandwidth ferromagnetic metal, while FeS2 is a diamagnetic semiconductor), in a system forming a substitutional solid solution allows for composition control of the Fermi level relative to the spin split bands, and therefore composition-controlled conduction electron spin polarization. In essence, the recent work has shown that the concept of 'band engineering' can be applied to half-metallic ferromagnets and that high spin polarization can be deliberately engineered. Experiments reveal tunability in both sign and magnitude of the spin polarization at the Fermi level, with maximum values obtained to date of 85% at low temperatures. In this paper we review the properties of Co1-xFexS2 alloys, with an emphasis on properties of relevance to half-metallicity. Crystal structure, electronic structure, synthesis, magnetic properties, transport properties, direct probes of the spin polarization, and measurements of the total density of states at the Fermi level are all discussed. We conclude with a discussion of the factors that influence, or even limit, the spin polarization, along with a discussion of opportunities and problems for future investigation, particularly with regard to fundamental studies of spintronic devices.

  13. Entanglement between nitrogen vacancy spins in diamond controlled by a nanomechanical resonator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chotorlishvili, L.; Sander, D.; Sukhov, A.; Dugaev, V.; Vieira, V. R.; Komnik, A.; Berakdar, J.

    2013-08-01

    One of the main challenges in spin qubits' studies associated with nitrogen vacancy impurities in diamond is to increase the coupling strength between the spins. With this task in mind we suggest a new type of a hybrid magneto-nano-electromechanical resonator, the functionality of which is based on a magnetic-field-induced deflection of an appropriate cantilever that oscillates between nitrogen vacancy (NV) spins in diamond. Specifically, we consider a Si(100) cantilever coated with a thin magnetic Ni film. As a new aspect of this study we utilize magnetoelastic stress and magnetic-field-induced torque to induce a controlled cantilever deflection. It is shown that, depending on the value of the system parameters, the induced asymmetry of the cantilever deflection substantially modifies the characteristics of the system. In particular, the coupling strength between the NV spins and the degree of entanglement can be controlled through magnetoelastic stress and magnetic-field-induced torque effects. Our theoretical proposal can be implemented experimentally with the potential of increasing several times the coupling strength between the NV spins. It finds that the coupling strength achieved by using our proposal enhances several times the maximal coupling strength reported before by Rabl [P. Rabl, P. Cappellaro, M. V. Gurudev Dutt, L. Jiang, J. R. Maze, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. B1098-012110.1103/PhysRevB.79.041302 79, 041302(R) (2009)].

  14. Exactly solved mixed spin-(1,1/2) Ising-Heisenberg diamond chain with a single-ion anisotropy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lisnyi, Bohdan; Stre?ka, Jozef

    2015-03-01

    The mixed spin-(1,1/2) Ising-Heisenberg diamond chain with a single-ion anisotropy is exactly solved through the generalized decoration-iteration transformation and the transfer-matrix method. The decoration-iteration transformation is first used for establishing a rigorous mapping equivalence with the corresponding spin-1 Blume-Emery-Griffiths chain, which is subsequently exactly treated within the transfer-matrix technique. Apart from three classical ground states the model exhibits three striking quantum ground states in which a singlet-dimer state of the interstitial Heisenberg spins is accompanied either with a frustrated state or a polarized state or a non-magnetic state of the nodal Ising spins. It is evidenced that two magnetization plateaus at zero and/or one-half of the saturation magnetization may appear in low-temperature magnetization curves. The specific heat may display remarkable temperature dependences with up to three and four distinct round maxima in a zero and non-zero magnetic field, respectively.

  15. Control Laws for a Dual-Spin Stabilized Platform

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lim, K. B.; Moerder, D. D.

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes two attitude control laws suitable for atmospheric flight vehicles with a steady angular momentum bias in the vehicle yaw axis. This bias is assumed to be provided by an internal flywheel, and is introduced to enhance roll and pitch stiffness. The first control law is based on Lyapunov stability theory, and stability proofs are given. The second control law, which assumes that the angular momentum bias is large, is based on a classical PID control. It is shown that the large yaw-axis bias requires that the PI feedback component on the roll and pitch angle errors be cross-fed. Both control laws are applied to a vehicle simulation in the presence of disturbances for several values of yaw-axis angular momentum bias. It is seen that both control laws provide a significant improvement in attitude performance when the bias is sufficiently large, but the nonlinear control law is also able to provide improved performance for a small value of bias. This is important because the smaller bias corresponds to a smaller requirement for mass to be dedicated to the flywheel.

  16. Evaluation of strained silicon on insulator for SET based single donor spin read-out

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, Peter; Ten Eyck, Greg; Ward, Daniel; Dominguez, Jason; Childs, Kenton; Wendt, Joel; Lilly, Michael; Carroll, Malcolm

    2015-03-01

    Recent successes in realizing single donor control and achieving very high fidelity gate operations has driven interest in silicon-based donor qubits. A number of proposals for donor to donor coupling rely on vertical field for Stark shift and ionization to a nearby interface. Back gating silicon on insulator is one approach to achieving sufficient field strengths. We present low temperature measurements of back gated FET structures and donor implanted SETs fabricated from strained silicon on insulator substrates with a low doped handle. This strained silicon system is useful for studying the effects of strain on both single donor physics and may provide insight into the behavior of strained silicon channels for quantum dots. We use FET thresholds to characterize the oxide/Si defect density. Back gating influences the transient time response, mobility, and FET threshold. These parameters are also modified by above band gap light illumination. Two transport channels are observed, which also strongly depend on back gate voltage and illumination. This work was performed, in part, at the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies, an Office of Science User Facility operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.

  17. Robust control of long-distance entanglement in disordered spin chains

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cui, Jian; Mintert, Florian

    2015-09-01

    We derive temporally shaped control pulses for the creation of long-distance entanglement in disordered spin chains. Our approach is based on a time-dependent target functional and a time-local control strategy that permits us to ensure that the description of the chain in terms of matrix product states is always valid. With this approach, we demonstrate that long-distance entanglement can be created even for substantially disordered interaction landscapes.

  18. Increased magnetic damping of a single domain wall and adjacent magnetic domains detected by spin torque diode in a nanostripe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lequeux, Steven; Sampaio, Joao; Bortolotti, Paolo; Devolder, Thibaut; Matsumoto, Rie; Yakushiji, Kay; Kubota, Hitoshi; Fukushima, Akio; Yuasa, Shinji; Nishimura, Kazumasa; Nagamine, Yoshinori; Tsunekawa, Koji; Cros, Vincent; Grollier, Julie

    2015-11-01

    Spin torque resonance has been used to simultaneously probe the dynamics of a magnetic domain wall and of magnetic domains in a nanostripe magnetic tunnel junction. Due to the large associated resistance variations, we are able to analyze quantitatively the resonant properties of these single nanoscale magnetic objects. In particular, we find that the magnetic damping of both the domains and the domain wall is doubled compared to the damping value of the host magnetic layer. We estimate the contributions to the damping arising from the dipolar couplings between the different layers in the junction and from the intralayer spin pumping effect, and find that they cannot explain the large damping enhancement that we observe. We conclude that the measured increased damping is intrinsic to large amplitudes excitations of spatially localized modes or solitons such as vibrating or propagating domain walls.

  19. Electron Spin Resonance Study of Organic Interfaces in Ion Gel-Gated Rubrene Single-Crystal Transistors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takahashi, Yuki; Tsuji, Masaki; Yomogida, Yohei; Takenobu, Taishi; Iwasa, Yoshihiro; Marumoto, Kazuhiro

    2013-04-01

    Organic interfaces of rubrene single crystals (RSCs) in ion gel-gated electric double-layer transistors (EDLTs) were investigated by electron spin resonance (ESR). The EDLTs were fabricated by laminating ion-gel films onto RSCs. Clear ESR signals due to field-injected holes in RSCs were successfully observed at low gate voltages, showing a high spin concentration due to the high capacitance of EDLTs. The analyses of anisotropic ESR signals and its gate-voltage dependence show that the bulk molecular orientation at RSCs' interfaces is preserved without forming deep trapping levels, which demonstrate that organic interfaces in RSC-EDLTs are clean and undamaged under a strong electric field in EDLTs.

  20. Sustained phase separation and spin glass in Co-doped KxFe2 -ySe2 single crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ryu, Hyejin; Wang, Kefeng; Opacic, M.; Lazarevic, N.; Warren, J. B.; Popovic, Z. V.; Bozin, Emil S.; Petrovic, C.

    2015-11-01

    We present Co substitution effects in KxFe2 -y -zCozSe2 (0.06 ?z ?1.73 ) single-crystal alloys. By 3.5% of Co doping superconductivity is suppressed, whereas phase separation of semiconducting K2Fe4Se5 and superconducting/metallic KxFe2Se2 is still present. We show that the arrangement and distribution of the superconducting phase (stripe phase) are connected with the arrangement of K, Fe, and Co atoms. Semiconducting spin glass is found in proximity to the superconducting state, persisting for large Co concentrations. At high Co concentrations a ferromagnetic metallic state emerges above the spin glass. This is coincident with changes of the unit cell and arrangement and connectivity of the stripe conducting phase.

  1. Quantized spin waves in single Co/Pt dots detected by anomalous Hall effect based ferromagnetic resonance

    SciTech Connect

    Kikuchi, N. Furuta, M.; Okamoto, S.; Kitakami, O.; Shimatsu, T.

    2014-12-15

    Anomalous Hall effect (AHE) based ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) measurements were carried out on perpendicularly magnetized Co/Pt multilayer single dots of 0.4–3??m in diameter. The resonance behavior was measured by detecting the decrease of perpendicular magnetization component due to magnetization precession. Resonance behavior was observed as a clear decrease of Hall voltages, and the obtained resonance fields were consistent with the results of vector-network-analyzer FMR. Spin-waves with cylindrical symmetry became significant by decreasing the dot diameter, and quantized multiple resonances were observed in the dot of 0.4??m in diameter. The AHE based FMR proposed here is a powerful method to approach magnetization dynamics including spin waves and non-linear behavior excited in a finite nanostructure.

  2. Forward Neutral Pion Transverse Single Spin Asymmetries in p+p Collisions at sqrt s = 200 GeV

    SciTech Connect

    STAR Coll

    2008-11-26

    We report precision measurements of the Feynman-x (x{sub F}) dependence, and first measurements of the transverse momentum (p{sub T}) dependence, of transverse single spin asymmetries for the production of {pi}{sup 0} mesons from polarized proton collisions at {radical}s = 200 GeV. The x{sub F} dependence of the results are in fair agreement with perturbative QCD (pQCD) model calculations that identify orbital motion of quarks and gluons within the proton as the origin of the spin effects. Results for the p{sub T} dependence at fixed x{sub F} are not consistent with these same pQCD-based calculations.

  3. Environment-assisted quantum control of a solid-state spin via coherent dark states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hansom, Jack; Schulte, Carsten H. H.; Le Gall, Claire; Matthiesen, Clemens; Clarke, Edmund; Hugues, Maxime; Taylor, Jacob M.; Atatüre, Mete

    2014-10-01

    Understanding the interplay between a quantum system and its environment lies at the heart of quantum science and its applications. So far most efforts have focused on circumventing decoherence induced by the environment by either protecting the system from the associated noise or by manipulating the environment directly. Recently, parallel efforts using the environment as a resource have emerged, which could enable dissipation-driven quantum computation and coupling of distant quantum bits. Here, we realize the optical control of a semiconductor quantum-dot spin by relying on its interaction with an adiabatically evolving spin environment. The emergence of hyperfine-induced, quasi-static optical selection rules enables the optical generation of coherent spin dark states without an external magnetic field. We show that the phase and amplitude of the lasers implement multi-axis manipulation of the basis spanned by the dark and bright states, enabling control via projection into a spin-superposition state. Our approach can be extended, within the scope of quantum control and feedback, to other systems interacting with an adiabatically evolving environment.

  4. Spin-blockade effect and coherent control of DNA-damage by free radicals: a proposal on bio-spintronics

    E-print Network

    Abolfath, Ramin M

    2011-01-01

    Coherent control of OH-free radicals interacting with the spin-triplet state of a DNA molecule is investigated. A model Hamiltonian for molecular spin singlet-triplet resonance is developed. We illustrate that the spin-triplet state in DNA molecules can be efficiently populated, as the spin-injection rate can be tuned to be orders of magnitudes greater than the decay rate due to small spin-orbit coupling in organic molecules. Owing to the nano-second life-time of OH free radicals, a non-equilibrium free energy barrier induced by the injected spin triplet state that lasts approximately longer than one-micro second in room temperature can efficiently block the initial Hydrogen abstraction and DNA damage. For a direct demonstration of the spin-blockade effect, a molecular simulation based on an {\\em ab-initio} Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics is deployed.

  5. Stochastic optimal control of single neuron spike trains

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iolov, Alexandre; Ditlevsen, Susanne; Longtin, André

    2014-08-01

    Objective. External control of spike times in single neurons can reveal important information about a neuron's sub-threshold dynamics that lead to spiking, and has the potential to improve brain-machine interfaces and neural prostheses. The goal of this paper is the design of optimal electrical stimulation of a neuron to achieve a target spike train under the physiological constraint to not damage tissue. Approach. We pose a stochastic optimal control problem to precisely specify the spike times in a leaky integrate-and-fire (LIF) model of a neuron with noise assumed to be of intrinsic or synaptic origin. In particular, we allow for the noise to be of arbitrary intensity. The optimal control problem is solved using dynamic programming when the controller has access to the voltage (closed-loop control), and using a maximum principle for the transition density when the controller only has access to the spike times (open-loop control). Main results. We have developed a stochastic optimal control algorithm to obtain precise spike times. It is applicable in both the supra-threshold and sub-threshold regimes, under open-loop and closed-loop conditions and with an arbitrary noise intensity; the accuracy of control degrades with increasing intensity of the noise. Simulations show that our algorithms produce the desired results for the LIF model, but also for the case where the neuron dynamics are given by more complex models than the LIF model. This is illustrated explicitly using the Morris-Lecar spiking neuron model, for which an LIF approximation is first obtained from a spike sequence using a previously published method. We further show that a related control strategy based on the assumption that there is no noise performs poorly in comparison to our noise-based strategies. The algorithms are numerically intensive and may require efficiency refinements to achieve real-time control; in particular, the open-loop context is more numerically demanding than the closed-loop one. Significance. Our main contribution is the online feedback control of a noisy neuron through modulation of the input, taking into account physiological constraints on the control. A precise and robust targeting of neural activity based on stochastic optimal control has great potential for regulating neural activity in e.g. prosthetic applications and to improve our understanding of the basic mechanisms by which neuronal firing patterns can be controlled in vivo.

  6. When a single hole aligns several spins: Double exchange in organic systems

    SciTech Connect

    Trinquier, Georges; Chilkuri, Vijay Gopal; Malrieu, Jean-Paul

    2014-05-28

    The double exchange is a well-known and technically important phenomenon in solid state physics. Ionizing a system composed of two antiferromagnetically coupled high-spin units, the ground state of which is a singlet state, may actually produce a high-spin ground state. This work illustrates the possible occurrence of such a phenomenon in organic chemistry. The here-considered high-spin units are triangulenes, the ground state of which is a triplet. Bridging two of them through a benzene ring produces a molecular architecture of singlet ground state. A careful exploitation of a series of unrestricted density functional calculations enables one to avoid spin contamination in the treatment of the doublet states and shows that under ionization the system becomes of quartet multiplicity in its ground state. The possibility to align more than three spins from conjugated hydrocarbon polyradicals is explored, considering partially hydrogenated triangulenes. A dramatic example shows that ionization of a singlet ground state molecule may generate a decuplet.

  7. Isolation and Control of Spins in Silicon Carbide with Millisecond-Coherence Times

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Christle, David J.; Falk, Abram L.; Andrich, Paolo; Klimov, Paul V.; Awschalom, David D.; Hassan, Jawad Ul; Son, Nguyen T.; Janzén, Erik; Ohshima, Takeshi

    2015-03-01

    The elimination of defects from silicon carbide (SiC) has facilitated its move to the forefront of the optoelectronics and power-electronics industries. Nonetheless, because the electronic states of SiC defects can have sharp optical and spin transitions, they are increasingly recognized as a valuable resource for quantum-information and nanoscale-sensing applications. We demonstrate that individual electronic spin states of the divacancy defect in highly purified monocrystalline 4H-SiC can be isolated and coherently controlled. This defect has analogous behavior to the prominent nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond, yet exists in a material amenable to modern growth and microfabrication techniques. We spectroscopically identify the different forms of divacancies, and show that divacancy spins exhibit an exceptionally long ensemble Hahn-echo coherence time that exceeds one millisecond. Funding by NSF, AFOSR MURI, and the Knut & Alice Wallenberg Foundation is gratefully acknowledged.

  8. Selective control of nanoscale multi-spin systems in diamond using strong pulsed field gradients

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walsworth, Ronald; Arai, Keigo; Zhang, Huiliang; Belthangady, Chinmay; Jaskula, Jean-Christophe; Lee, Junghyun

    2015-05-01

    Individual control of proximal spin qubits is a key challenge in building solid-state-based quantum network architecture. Here we demonstrate selective driving of an array of electronic spins associated with nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond with high-fidelity and nanometer-scale precision by use of frequency encoding gradient technique. A uniform magnetic field gradient of 0.1 G/nm is generated over 1 ?m × 5 ?m at room temperature by sending electric currents through micrometer-scale parallel wires. This approach also enables modulation of gradient strength at 1 MHz, which allows us to selectively readout Larmor precession phase of proximal NV spins via phase encoding.

  9. Towards controllable growth of self-assembled SiGe single and double quantum dot nanostructures.

    PubMed

    Ma, Yingjie; Huang, Shufan; Zeng, Cheng; Zhou, Tianyuan; Zhong, Zhenyang; Zhou, Tong; Fan, Yongliang; Yang, Xinju; Xia, Jinsong; Jiang, Zuimin

    2014-04-21

    Fabrication of semiconductor single and double quantum dot (QD) nanostructures is of utmost importance due to their promising applications in the study of advanced cavity quantum electrodynamics, quantum optics and solid-state spin qubits. We present results about the controllable growth of self-assembled single and double SiGe QD arrays with an ultra-low areal density of 1 × 10(7) cm(-2) on nanohole-patterned Si substrates via molecular beam epitaxy. The two dots in a double QD (DQD) aligned along the elongation direction of the nanoholes and show unsymmetrical features in both size and composition due to the asymmetric nanohole profiles after Si buffer layer growth. The interdot spacing between the two dots in a DQD could well be adjusted by changing the elongation ratio of nanoholes. Moreover, whether a single or a double QD formed in a given nanohole was found to be determined by the growth temperature of the Si buffer layer, the reason of which is given by the calculation of the surface chemical potential around the nanoholes after the buffer layer growth. PMID:24173689

  10. Global positioning system (GPS) controlled triangulation of single flight lines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Novak, Kurt; Habib, Ayman; Toth, Charles K.

    1994-08-01

    Aerial triangulation controlled by GPS observations in the aircraft has been established as a precise method of photogrammetric point determination without the need of ground control. If the GPS observations are available for blocks of aerial photos, the aerial triangulation can be carried out without any ground control points. Unfortunately, this method cannot be applied for single flight lines, since the GPS observations do not recover the roll angle of the aircraft. Therefore, ground control is mandatory for GPS controlled strip triangulation. This paper investigates GPS controlled strip triangulation using known, linear features on the ground that are approximately parallel to the flight line. This described technique models the linear feature in the images by low order polynomials and forces the known line on the ground onto this function. Thus, the roll angle can be determined. We investigate the effects of different GPS measurement accuracies both in the air and on the ground on the results. Experiments using simulated and real data are presented. We also show that this new technique is useful for mapping railroads.

  11. Fiber-optical switch controlled by a single atom.

    PubMed

    O'Shea, Danny; Junge, Christian; Volz, Jürgen; Rauschenbeutel, Arno

    2013-11-01

    We demonstrate highly efficient switching of optical signals between two optical fibers controlled by a single atom. The key element of our experiment is a whispering-gallery-mode bottle microresonator, which is coupled to a single atom and interfaced by two tapered fiber couplers. This system reaches the strong coupling regime of cavity quantum electrodynamics, leading to a vacuum Rabi splitting in the excitation spectrum. We systematically investigate the switching efficiency of our system, i.e., the probability that the fiber-optical switch redirects the light into the desired output. We obtain a large redirection efficiency reaching a raw fidelity of more than 60% without postselection. Moreover, by measuring the second-order correlation functions of the output fields, we show that our switch exhibits a photon-number-dependent routing capability. PMID:24266471

  12. Generation and electric control of spin-valley-coupled circular photogalvanic current in WSe2

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yuan, Hongtao; Hwang, Harold Y.; Cui, Yi

    2015-03-01

    Compared to the weak spin-orbit-interaction (SOI) in graphene, layered transitionmetal chalcogenides MX2 have heavy 4d/5d elements with strong atomic SOI, providing a unique way to extend functionalities of novel spintronics and valleytronics devices. Such a valley polarization achieved via valley-selective circular dichroism has been predicted theoretically and demonstrated with optical experiments in MX2 systems. Despite the exciting progresses, the generation of a valley/spin current by valley polarization in MX2 remains elusive and a great challenge. A spin/valley current in MX2 compounds caused by such a valley polarization has never been observed, nor its electric-field control. In this talk, we demonstrated, within an electric-double-layer transistor based on WSe2, the manipulation of a spin-coupled valley photocurrent whose direction and magnitude depend on the degree of circular polarization of the incident radiation and can be further greatly modulated with an external electric field. Such room temperature generation and electric control of valley/spin photocurrent provides a new property of electrons in MX2 systems, thereby enabling new degrees of control for quantum-confined spintronics devices. (In collaboration with S.C. Zhang, Y.L. Chen, Z.X. Shen, B Lian, H.J. Zhang, G Xu, Y Xu, B Zhou, X.Q. Wang, B Shen X.F. Fang) Acknowledge the support from DoE, BES, Division of MSE under contract DE-AC02-76SF00515. Acknowledge the support from DoE, BES, Division of MSE under contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.

  13. On the spin and parity of a single-produced resonance at the LHC

    SciTech Connect

    Bolognesi, Sara; Gao, Yanyan; Gritsan, Andrei V.; Melnikov, Kirill; Schulze, Markus; Tran, Nhan V.; Whitbeck, Andrew

    2012-11-01

    The experimental determination of the properties of the newly discovered boson at the Large Hadron Collider is currently the most crucial task in high energy physics. We show how information about the spin, parity, and, more generally, the tensor structure of the boson couplings can be obtained by studying angular and mass distributions of events in which the resonance decays to pairs of gauge bosons, $ZZ, WW$, and $\\gamma \\gamma$. A complete Monte Carlo simulation of the process $pp \\to X \\to VV \\to 4f$ is performed and verified by comparing it to an analytic calculation of the decay amplitudes $X \\to VV \\to 4f$. Our studies account for all spin correlations and include general couplings of a spin $J=0,1,2$ resonance to Standard Model particles. We also discuss how to use angular and mass distributions of the resonance decay products for optimal background rejection. It is shown that by the end of the 8 TeV run of the LHC, it might be possible to separate extreme hypotheses of the spin and parity of the new boson with a confidence level of 99% or better for a wide range of models. We briefly discuss the feasibility of testing scenarios where the resonances is not a parity eigenstate.

  14. Advanced Undergraduate-Laboratory Experiment on Electron Spin Resonance in Single-Crystal Ruby

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Lee A.; And Others

    1974-01-01

    An electron-spin-resonance experiment which has been successfully performed in an advanced undergraduate physics laboratory is described. A discussion of that part of the theory of magnetic resonance necessary for the understanding of the experiment is also provided in this article. (DT)

  15. Quantum Control of the Hyperfine Spin of a Cs Atom Ensemble

    SciTech Connect

    Chaudhury, Souma; Herr, Tobias; Jessen, Poul S.; Merkel, Seth; Silberfarb, Andrew; Deutsch, Ivan H.

    2007-10-19

    We demonstrate quantum control of a large spin angular momentum associated with the F=3 hyperfine ground state of {sup 133}Cs. Time-dependent magnetic fields and a static tensor light shift are used to implement near-optimal controls and map a fiducial state to a broad range of target states, with yields in the range 0.8-0.9. Squeezed states are produced also by an adiabatic scheme that is more robust against errors. Universal control facilitates the encoding and manipulation of qubits and qudits in atomic ground states and may lead to the improvement of some precision measurements.

  16. Ferrimagnetic order and spontaneous magnetization in a mixed-spin XXZ chain with single-ion anisotropy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qiang, Ling; Liu, Guang-Hua; Tian, Guang-Shan

    2015-02-01

    The ground-state properties of the spin-(1/2, 1) mixed-spin XXZ chain with single-ion anisotropy (D) are investigated by the infinite time-evolving block decimation (iTEBD) method. A ground-state phase diagram including three phases, i.e., a fully polarized phase, an XY phase and a ferrimagnetic phase, is obtained. The ferrimagnetic phase is found to extend to the regions with (? > 1, D > 0) and (? < 1, D < 0), where ? denotes the coupling anisotropy between the localized spins. By the discontinuous behavior of bipartite entanglement, quantum phase transitions (QPTs) between the XY phase and the other two phases are verified to be of the first-order. Furthermore, two constant spontaneous magnetization values (Mz = 3/2 and 1/2) are observed in the fully polarized and the ferrimagnetic phases, respectively. In both cases of ? ? +? and D ? -?, the ground state tends to the Ising limit. In addition, both the long-range ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic orders are found to coexist in the whole ferrimagnetic phase.

  17. Momentum dependence of spin-orbit interaction effects in single-layer and multi-layer transition metal dichalcogenides

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roldán, R.; López-Sancho, M. P.; Guinea, F.; Cappelluti, E.; Silva-Guillén, J. A.; Ordejón, P.

    2014-12-01

    One of the main characteristics of the new family of two-dimensional crystals of semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) is the strong spin-orbit interaction, which makes them very promising for future applications in spintronics and valleytronics devices. Here we present a detailed study of the effect of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) on the band structure of single-layer and bulk TMDs, including explicitly the role of the chalcogen orbitals and their hybridization with the transition metal atoms. To this aim, we combine density functional theory (DFT) calculations with a Slater-Koster tight-binding (TB) model. Whereas most of the previous TB models have been restricted to the K and K’ points of the Brillouin zone (BZ), here we consider the effect of SOC in the whole BZ, and the results are compared to the band structure obtained by DFT methods. The TB model is used to analyze the effect of SOC in the band structure, considering separately the contributions from the transition metal and the chalcogen atoms. Finally, we present a scenario where, in the case of strong SOC, the spin/orbital/valley entanglement at the minimum of the conduction band at Q can be probed and be of experimental interest in the most common cases of electron-doping reported for this family of compounds.

  18. Dynamic control of spin states in interacting magnetic elements

    DOEpatents

    Jain, Shikha; Novosad, Valentyn

    2014-10-07

    A method for the control of the magnetic states of interacting magnetic elements comprising providing a magnetic structure with a plurality of interacting magnetic elements. The magnetic structure comprises a plurality of magnetic states based on the state of each interacting magnetic element. The desired magnetic state of the magnetic structure is determined. The active resonance frequency and amplitude curve of the desired magnetic state is determined. Each magnetic element of the magnetic structure is then subjected to an alternating magnetic field or electrical current having a frequency and amplitude below the active resonance frequency and amplitude curve of said desired magnetic state and above the active resonance frequency and amplitude curve of the current state of the magnetic structure until the magnetic state of the magnetic structure is at the desired magnetic state.

  19. Adiabatic Charge Control in a Single Donor Atom Transistor

    E-print Network

    Enrico Prati; Matteo Belli; Simone Cocco; Guido Petretto; Marco Fanciulli

    2010-08-10

    We charge an individual donor with electrons stored in a quantum dot in its proximity. A Silicon quantum device containing a single Arsenic donor and an electrostatic quantum dot in parallel is realized in a nanometric field effect transistor. The different coupling capacitances of the donor and the quantum dot with the control and the back gates are exploited to generate a relative rigid shift of their energy spectrum as a function of the back gate voltage, causing the crossing of the energy levels. We observe the sequential tunneling through the $D^{2-}$ and the $D^{3-}$ energy levels of the donor hybridized at the oxide interface at 4.2 K. Their respective states form an honeycomb pattern with the quantum dot states. It is therefore possible to control the exchange coupling of an electron of the quantum dot with the electrons bound to the donor, thus realizing a physical qubit for quantum information processing applications.

  20. All-electrical coherent control of the exciton states in a single quantum dot

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boyer de La Giroday, A.; Bennett, A. J.; Pooley, M. A.; Stevenson, R. M.; Sköld, N.; Patel, R. B.; Farrer, I.; Ritchie, D. A.; Shields, A. J.

    2010-12-01

    We demonstrate high-fidelity reversible transfer of quantum information from the polarization of photons into the spin state of an electron-hole pair in a semiconductor quantum dot. Moreover, spins are electrically manipulated on a subnanosecond time scale, allowing us to coherently control their evolution. By varying the area of the electrical pulse, we demonstrate phase-shift and spin-flip gate operations with near-unity fidelities. Our system constitutes a controllable quantum interface between flying and stationary qubits, an enabling technology for quantum logic in the solid state.