Background Single-port access cholecystectomy is a new laparoscopic procedure using only one, transumbilical-placed port. The method\\u000a has been denominated by some authors as “scarless.” We report one of the initial clinical experiences in Europe with this\\u000a new technique.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods Fourteen patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy using the ASC TriPort. In all cases, a small transumbilical incision\\u000a was used to insert two 5-mm rigid
Thomas E. Langwieler; Thomas Nimmesgern; Melanie Back
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the standard treatment for symptomatic cholelithiasis in patients with situs inversus totalis (SIT). In an effort to reduce morbidity and improve the cosmesis single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy has recently emerged, where the surgery is done through a single port, typically the patient's navel. This improves the cosmesis, lessens post-operative pain and ensures virtually a “scar less” surgery. We report a case of successful single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy for a patient with SIT, and describe its technical advantages and review of literature. PMID:24250066
Khiangte, Elbert; Newme, Iheule; Patowary, Karabi; Phukan, Partha
INTRODUCTION: A novel single port access (SPA) cholecystectomy approach is described in this study. We have designed a randomised comparative study in order to elucidate any possible differences between the standard treatment and this novel technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between July 2009 and March 2010, 140 adult patients with gallbladder pathologies were enrolled in this multicentre study. Two surgeons (RV and UB) randomised patients to either a standard laparoscopic (SL) approach group or to an SPA cholecystectomy group. Two types of trocars were used for this study: the TriPort™ and the SILS™ Port. Outcomes including blood loss, operative time, complications, length of stay and pain were recorded. RESULTS: There were 69 patients in the SPA group and 71 patients in the SL group. The mean age of the patients was 43.2 (17-77) for the SPA group and 42.6 (19-70) for the SL group. The mean operative time was 63.9 min in the SPA group and 58.4 min in the SL group. For one patient, the SPA procedure was converted to a standard laparoscopic technique and to open approach in the SL group. Complications occurred in eight patients: Five seromas (two in the SPA group) and three hernias (one in the SPA group).The mean hospital stay was 38.5 h in the SPA group and 24.1 h in the SL group. Pain was evaluated and was 2 in the SPA and 2.9 in the SL group, according to the visual analogue scale (VAS) after 24 h (P<0.001). The degree of satisfaction was higher in the SPA group (8.3 versus 6.7). Similar results were found for the aesthetic result (8.8 versus 7.5). (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Single-port transumbilical laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be feasible and safe. When technical difficulties arise, early conversion to a standard laparoscopic technique is advised to avoid serious complications. The SPA approach can be undertaken without the expense of additional operative time and provides patients with minimal scarring. The cosmetic results and the degree of satisfaction appear to be significant for the SPA approach. PMID:22837593
Vilallonga, Ramon; Barbaros, Umut; Sümer, Aziz; Demirel, Tu?rul; Fort, José Manuel; González, Oscar; Rodriguez, Nivardo; Carrasco, Manuel Armengol
Introduction Single port laparoscopic surgery has come to the forefront of minimally invasive surgery. For those familiar with conventional\\u000a techniques, however, this type of operation demands a different type of eye\\/hand coordination and involves unfamiliar working\\u000a instruments. Herein, the authors describe the learning curve and the clinical outcomes of single port laparoscopic cholecystectomy\\u000a for 150 consecutive patients with benign gallbladder disease.
Hyung Joon Han; Sae Byeol Choi; Man Sik Park; Jin Suk Lee; Wan Bae Kim; Tae Jin Song; Sang Yong Choi
Background This past year has borne witness to the acceptance of single-port laparoscopic surgery into mainstream clinical practice.\\u000a This study describes a surgeon’s experience with single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy and delineates a learning curve\\u000a for this technically demanding procedure utilizing improvements in operative time as a proxy for technical facility.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods Through a 2-cm vertical transumbilical incision, three 5-mm ports or SILSTM Ports
Daniel Solomon; Robert L. Bell; Andrew J. Duffy; Kurt E. Roberts
BackgroundPartial nephrectomy (PN) for small renal masses provides effective oncologic outcomes. Single-port laparoscopic (SPL) and robotic surgeries are evolving approaches to advance minimally invasive surgery.
Jihad H. Kaouk; Raj K. Goel
Prof Dr Med Erich Mühe of Böblingen, Germany, performed the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy on September 12, 1985. The German Surgical Society rejected Mühe in 1986 after he reported that he had performed the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy, yet in 1992 he received their highest award, the German Surgical Society Anniversary Award. In 1990 in Atlanta, at the Society of American Gastrointestinal Surgeons (SAGES) Convention, Perissat, Berci, Cuschieri, Dubois, and Mouret were recognized by SAGES for performing early laparoscopic cholecystectomies, but Mühe was not. However, in 1999 he was recognized by SAGES for having performed the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy–sAGES invited Mühe to present the Storz Lecture. In Mühe's presentation, titled “The First Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy,” which he gave in March 1999 in San Antonio, Texas, he described the first procedure. Finally, Mühe had received the worldwide acclaim that he deserved for his pioneering work. One purpose of this article is to trace the development of the basic instruments used in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The other purpose is to give Mühe the recognition he deserves for being the developer of the laparoscopic cholecystectomy procedure. PMID:11304004
Background. After laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the duration of convalescence is 2 to 3 weeks with an unclear pathogenesis. This study was undertaken to analyze postoperative recovery after uncomplicated elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods. Twenty-four consecutive unselected employed patients were followed up prospectively from 1 week before to 1 week after outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Daily computerized monitoring of physical motor activity and sleep
Thue Bisgaard; Birthe Klarskov; Henrik Kehlet; Jacob Rosenberg
Background An important aspect of a new surgical technique is whether it can be performed by other surgeons in other institutions. The\\u000a authors report the first 297 cases in a multi-institutional and multinational review of laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed\\u000a via a single portal of entry.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods Data were collected retrospectively for the initial patients undergoing single-port cholecystectomy by 13 surgeons who performed\\u000a these
Paul G. Curcillo; Andrew S. Wu; Erica R. Podolsky; Casey Graybeal; Namir Katkhouda; Alex Saenz; Robert Dunham; Steven Fendley; Marc Neff; Chad Copper; Marc Bessler; Andrew A. Gumbs; Michael Norton; Antonio Iannelli; Rodney Mason; Ashkan Moazzez; Larry Cohen; Angela Mouhlas; Alex Poor
Background and Objectives: Single-port laparoscopic colectomy is described as a new technique in colorectal surgery. The initial case reports show the safety and feasibility, but the learning curve for this technique is unknown. Methods: Between July 2009 and September 2010, 20 consecutive patients with an indication for right hemicolectomy underwent a single-port laparoscopic approach without bias in selection. The only exclusion criterion was a prior midline laparotomy. The patients were followed up for 30 days. Chart review was completed for up to 35 months to assess long-term morbidity and mortality rates. Results: The median age was 65 years (range, 59–88 years). Ninety percent of patients were men. The median body mass index was 28 kg/m2 (range, 20–35 kg/m2). Seventy-five percent of patients had significant comorbidities with an American Society of Anesthesiologists class of 3 or 4. The estimated blood loss was 25 mL (range, 25–250 mL). The median number of pathologic lymph nodes for patients diagnosed with adenocarcinoma was 16 (range, 8–23). There was one conversion to hand-assisted laparoscopic (case 6) and one to open colectomy (case 9) because of the inability to achieve safe vessel ligation. The median hospital stay was 4.5 days (range, 3–7 days). The length of stay for the first 10 patients was 5.1 days, and it was 3.9 days for the last 10 patients (P = .045). There were no significant postoperative complications within 30 days. The mean operative time for the first 10 cases was 198 minutes (range, 148–272 minutes), and it was 123 minutes (range, 98–150 minutes) for the subsequent 10 cases (P = .0001). All intraoperative complications (minor bleeding) occurred within the first 10 patients, with no significant bleeding recorded for the last 10 cases. Conclusion: Single-port laparoscopic right hemicolectomy can be safely performed in patients who are candidates for conventional or hand-assisted right hemicolectomy with very low intraoperative and postoperative complication rates. The 30-day morbidity rate remained low with this technique. The higher technical difficulty compared with conventional laparoscopy is reflected in the longer initial operative times. The learning curve for a surgeon with advanced laparoscopic skills and adequate procedure numbers seems to be short, requiring approximately 10 cases to decrease operative times to baseline. The role and feasibility of broad adaptation for single-incision laparoscopy in colorectal surgery need to be further evaluated in larger case series and trials. PMID:23925011
Hopping, Jacob R.
Background Advocates of single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SPLC) claim that improved cosmetic outcome is one of its main benefits\\u000a over conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC). However, the published data quantifying the cosmetic outcome after CLC\\u000a is sparse. This study aimed to determine the cosmetic outcome after CLC using a validated scar assessment tool.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods The patient scar assessment questionnaire was sent to all women
Mark Bignell; Andrew Hindmarsh; Haritharan Nageswaran; Bhavani Mothe; Andrew Jenkinson; David Mahon; Michael Rhodes
Background: In severe cholecystitis, laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be technically difficult, and is associated with an increased rate of procedure conversions and common bile duct lesions. Methods: We investigated the safety and complications of laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy for severe cholecystitis in a medium- to long-term follow-up evaluation. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed in 345 patients during a period of 64 months. In
G. Beldi; A. Glättli
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has become the gold standard in the treatment of symptomatic cholelithiasis. Some patients require conversion to open surgery and several preoperative variables have been identified as risk factors that are helpful in predicting the probability of conversion. The aim of this study was to analyze the factors that make LC difficult and determine conversion to open approach: Our study includes: 6985 cases which underwent LC and 1430 cases with open cholecystectomy, between March 1993 and April 2005 in our clinic of general surgery. The overall conversion rate was 5.1% (deliberate conversion--299 cases, conversion of necessity--62 cases). The conversion rate has decreased from 17.5% in 1993 to 3.2% in recent years. The most conversion happen after a simple inspection or a minimal dissection caused by the existence of perforation (105 cases), the discovery of a difficult anatomic situation (63 cases) or of another pathology (14 cases); more rarely, the conversion was necessary in the principal time, doing to hemorrhage (26 cases), impossible dissection (41 cases), visceral injury (1 case) or even at the end of the operation, doing to hemorrhage, loss piece or stone (10 cases), and other situations (101 cases). Significant predictors of conversion were acute cholecystitis , choledocholithiasis, past history of acute cholecystitis, male gender, gall bladder wall thickness exceeding 6 mm. In conclusion, based on our experience, we suggest limiting OC to patients with proven contraindications to LC (i.e., Mirizzi syndrome or systemic illness incompatible with general anesthesia or pneumoperitoneum), attempting LC in all other cases. Decision to convert to open approach is a proven of surgical maturity. Conversion must be decided from the beginning, in the moment of the recognition of a difficult situation and not after the occurrence of a complication. PMID:16372669
Târcoveanu, E; Niculescu, D; Georgescu, St; Epure, Oana; Bradea, C
Background: This prospective study determines the value of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in patients with cholelithiasis after bariatric surgery. Methods: Eighty-four consecutive patients who underwent bariatric surgery without concomitant cholecystectomy were studied. Patients were divided in two groups; group A including 50 patients (59.5%) without gallbladder disease, and group B included 34 patients (40.5%) with symptomatic cholelithiasis within 2 years postoperatively.
S. Papavramidis; N. Deligianidis; T. Papavramidis; K. Sapalidis; M. Katsamakas; O. Gamvros
Purpose In the early 1990's laparoscopic hernioplasty gained popularity worldwide. Thereafter, laparoscopic surgeons have attempted to improve cosmesis using single port surgery. This study aims to introduce and assess the safety and feasibility of single port laparoscopic total extraperitoneal (TEP) hernia repair with a nearly-scarless umbilical incision. Methods Sixty three single port laparoscopic TEP hernia repairs were performed in sixty patients from June 2010 to March 2011 at Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, with the use of a glove single-port device and standard laparoscopic instruments. Demographic and clinical data, intraoperative findings, and postoperative course were reviewed. Results Of the 63 hernias treated, 31 were right inguinal hernias, 26 were left inguinal hernias and 3 were both inguinal hernias. There was one conversion to conventional three port laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal hernioplasty. Mean operative time was 62 minutes (range, 32 to 150 minutes). There were no intraoperative complications. Postoperative complications occurred in two cases (wound seroma and urinary retension) and were successfully treated conservatively. Mean hospital stay was 2.15 days. Conclusion Single port laparoscopic TEP hernia repair is safe and feasible. Umbilical incision provides an excellent cosmetic outcome. Prospective randomized studies comparing single port and conventional three port laparoscopic TEP repairs with short-term outcome and long-term recurrence rate are needed for confirmation. PMID:22148127
Kim, Ji Hoon; Kim, Jin Jo; Lee, Yoon Suk
Background: Open cholecystectomy (OC) may still be necessary in surgical training to perform safe conversions of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Our aim was to study the outcome of LCs and OCs performed by surgical trainees. Methods: All consecutive cholecystectomies (1,581 LCs and 984 OCs) were retrospectively analyzed from 1995 until 2008. Operative complications were compared between the cholecystectomies performed by 20
Satu Suuronen; Anu Koski; Pia Nordstrom; Pekka Miettinen; Hannu Paajanen
Background Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the gold standard for the treatment of symptomatic cholelithiasis. Many authors—including\\u000a investigators at our institution, who reported one of the initial experiences with laparoscopic cholecystectomy in July 1992—have\\u000a documented a definite learning curve associated with this procedure. We present a follow-up study of our experience with laparoscopic\\u000a cholecystectomy and compare these data to an earlier study
J. B. Lichten; J. J. Reid; M. P. Zahalsky; R. L. Friedman
Summary Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is rapidly becoming the definitive method for treating symptomatic gallbladder stones. Previous\\u000a upper abdominal surgery is a relative contraindication to this technique. We describe a method for safely placing the trocars\\u000a in a scarred abdomen, thus facilitating laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a wider group of patients.
P. A. Grace; A. Leahy; G. McEntee; D. Bouchier-Hayes
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the procedure of choice for the treatment of symptomatic biliary disease. There is currently no agreement on the management of spilled gallstones, which commonly occurs during laparoscopic cholecystectomy and may produce significant morbidity. We present a case of spilled gallstones causing cicatrical cecal volvulus and also provide a review of pertinent literature. PMID:23925032
Morris, Michael W.; Barker, Andrea K.; Harrison, James M.; Anderson, Andrew J.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is usually performed via four to five cannulas; a few surgeons employing only three. A technique utilizing two entry ports, an infraumbilical Hasson 10 mm and a medial subcostal 5 mm, is described. The operation was feasible in six of seven patients. In the seventh, a third cannula was placed to allow traction on a floppy gallbladder. No complications ensued and all patients went home the day following operation. While cosmesis was impressive, the patients appeared to experience pain similar to that of patients in whom more cannulas were employed. PMID:8694956
Laws, H L
Minimally invasive surgery is widely used in benign gynecologic diseases and may be used in malignancies. We performed a single-port access laparoscopy staging - bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy, bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy, infracolic omentectomy, and washing cytology - in a borderline ovarian tumor. The number of harvested pelvic lymph nodes were twenty-three and there were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. Single-port access laparoscopic staging may be performed in selected patients. The efficacy, safety, and potential benefits of this technique should be evaluated in further trials. PMID:21860739
Yoon, Aera; Kim, Tae-Joong; Lee, Woo Seok; Kim, Byoung-Gie
Background: Postoperative infection following cholecystectomy poses a significant threat to recovery, with major cost repercussions. Though antimicrobial prophylaxis is commonly practiced, its value – particularly in laparoscopic cholecystectomy – has not yet been adequately documented. Method: In a prospective multicenter quality assurance study in 28 German hospitals, an analysis of data collected on 4,477 patients undergoing conventional (n = 1,349)
H. Lippert; J. Gastinger
A 38-year-old hemodialysis-dependent diabetic female patient underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptomatic cholelithiasis. Postoperatively, she developed chronic back pain. Eight months following laparoscopic cholecystectomy, she developed fevers and recurrent bacteremia with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, despite removal of all indwelling intravenous dialysis access. An abdominal CT scan demonstrated a 7-cm pseudoaneurysm extending from the right anterolateral lower abdominal aorta. Following resection
Mark M. Levy
Background:Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is still done mainly on an inpatient basis at hospitals or on an outpatient basis at ambulatory care departments inside hospitals.Study Design:We reviewed 213 cases in which outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy was done at an ambulatory surgical center not associated with a hospital physically or administratively. Patients were selected solely on the basis of medical history and physical examination
David Lam; Rodrigo Miranda; Shirley J Hom
Three hundred seventy-five consecutive patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy from September 1989 to January 1991. Three hundred forty-one (91%) presented on an elective basis, and the remaining 34 patients (9%) were admitted for acute cholecystitis (24), gallstone pancreatitis (9), and cholangitis (1). Of the 375 patients, 20 were converted to laparotomy and cholecystectomy, for an overall success rate of 95% for patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Three hundred nineteen patients (90%) were discharged within 24 hours of surgery. Operative cholangiography was completed in 141 patients, showing choledocholithiasis in five (managed by postoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography [ERCP] in 4, common bile duct exploration [CBDE] in 1). Two retained stones (0.9%) were detected in 214 patients not undergoing cholangiography. Three patients (0.8%) were reoperated on because of perioperative complications. Overall morbidity for patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy was 3.5%. Major complications (0.6%) included a single common hepatic duct injury and a delayed cystic duct leak at 10 days. Minor complications occurred in 11 patients (2.9%). The single perioperative death (0.3%) was due to a myocardial infarction on postoperative day 3, after an otherwise uncomplicated laparoscopic procedure. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy appears to offer significant advantages to patient recovery, and these data suggest that it can be performed with an efficacy, morbidity rate, and mortality rate similar to those of open cholecystectomy. Images Fig. 4. Fig. 5. Fig. 2. Fig. 3. Fig. 6. PMID:1835346
Bailey, R W; Zucker, K A; Flowers, J L; Scovill, W A; Graham, S M; Imbembo, A L
This study aims firstly to assess the most adequate surgical approach for the creation of an ureteropelvic juntion obstruction (UPJO) animal model, and secondly to validate this model for laparoscopic pyeloplasty training among urologists. Thirty six Large White pigs (28.29±5.48 Kg) were used. The left ureteropelvic junction was occluded by means of an endoclip. According to the surgical approach for model creation, pigs were randomized into: laparoscopic conventional surgery (LAP) or single port surgery (LSP). Each group was further divided into transperitoneal (+T) or retroperitoneal (+R) approach. Time needed for access, surgical field preparation, wound closure, and total surgical times were registered. Social behavior, tenderness to the touch and wound inflammation were evaluated in the early postoperative period. After ten days, all animals underwent an Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty carried out by 9 urologists, who subsequently assessed the model by means of a subjective validation questionnaire. Total operative time was significantly greater in LSP+R (p=0.001). Tenderness to the touch was significantly increased in both retroperitoneal approaches, (p=0.0001). Surgeons rated the UPJO porcine model for training on laparoscopic pyeloplasty with high or very high scores, all above 4 on a 1-5 point Likert scale. Our UPJO animal model is useful for laparoscopic pyeloplasty training. The model created by retroperitoneal single port approach presented the best score in the subjective evaluation, whereas, as a whole, transabdominal laparoscopic approach was preferred. PMID:23801892
Diaz-Guemes Martin-Portugues, Idoia; Hernandez-Hurtado, Laura; Uson-Casaus, Jesus; Sanchez-Hurtado, Miguel Angel; Sanchez-Margallo, Francisco Miguel
Objective To determine whether surgical residency training has influenced the occurrence of common bile duct injuries during laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and to asses the anatomic and technical details of bile duct injuries from the practices of surgeons trained in laparoscopic cholecystectomy after residency versus surgeons trained in laparoscopic cholecystectomy during residency. Summary Background Data Shortly after the introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the rate of injury to the common bile duct increased to 0.5%, and injuries were more commonly reported early in each surgeon’s experience. It is not known whether learning laparoscopic cholecystectomy during surgery residency influences this pattern. Methods An anonymous questionnaire was mailed to 3,657 surgeons across the United States who completed an Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-approved residency between 1980 and 1990 (group A) or 1992 and 1998 (group B). All surgeons in group A learned laparoscopic cholecystectomy after residency, and all those in group B learned laparoscopic cholecystectomy during residency. Information obtained included practice description, number of laparoscopic cholecystectomies completed since residency, postgraduate training in laparoscopy, and annual volume of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the surgeon’s hospital. In addition, technical details queried included the completion of a cholangiogram, the interval between injury and identification, the method of repair, and the site of definitive treatment. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of a major bile duct injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (bile leaks without a major bile duct injury were not tabulated). Results Forty-five percent (n = 1,661) of the questionnaires were completed and returned. Mean practice experience was 13.6 years for group A and 5.4 years for group B. At least one injury occurrence was reported by 422 surgeons (37.6%) in group A and 143 surgeons (26.5%) in group B. Forty percent of the injuries in group A occurred during the first 50 cases compared with 22% in group B. Thirty percent of bile duct injuries in group A and 32.9% of all injuries in group B occurred after a surgeon had performed more than 200 laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Independent of the number of laparoscopic cholecystectomies completed since residency, group A surgeons were 39% more likely to report one or more biliary injuries and 58% more likely to report two or more injuries than their counterparts in group B. Bile duct injuries were more likely to be discovered during surgery if a cholangiogram was completed than if cholangiography was omitted (80.9% vs. 45.1%). Sixty-four percent of all major bile duct injuries required biliary reconstruction, and most injuries were definitively treated at the hospital where the injury occurred. Only 14.7% of injuries were referred to another center for repair. Conclusions Accepting that the survey bias underestimates the true frequency of bile duct injuries, residency training decreases the likelihood of injuring a bile duct, but only by decreasing the frequency of early “learning curve” injuries. If one accepts a liberal definition of the learning curve (200 cases), it appears that at least one third of injuries are not related to inexperience but may reflect fundamental errors in the technique of laparoscopic cholecystectomy as practiced by a broad population of surgeons in the United States. Intraoperative cholangiography is helpful for intraoperative discovery of injuries when they occur. Most injuries are repaired in the hospital where they occur and are not universally referred to tertiary care centers. PMID:11573048
Archer, Stephen B.; Brown, David W.; Smith, C. Daniel; Branum, Gene D.; Hunter, John G.
Introduction Situs inversus totalis (mirror image organs) is a rare condition and may affect the intra-abdominal viscera as well as the intrathoracic organs. Cholelithiasis is not more common in these conditions, but the diagnosis may be more difficult. Case presentation We present the case of a 59-year-old African woman with gallstones and situs inversus totalis. A single-port cholecystectomy was performed using a single trocar access device (SITRACC). Conclusions The procedure was uneventful, showing that this approach may be an option for this kind of surgery even in patients with situs inversus totalis. PMID:22472363
Objective: To compare clinical aspects and é nancial costs of open conventional and laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Design: Retrospective analysis of hospital records of patients who were operated on electively for symptomatic gallstone disease. Setting: University clinic, Germany. Subjects: 153 consecutive patients who had open conventional (1991-92) and 222 who had laparoscopic cholecystectomy (1993-96). A total of 251 cholecystectomies were done during
Florian Bosch; Ursula Wehrman; Hans-Detlef Saeger; Wilhelm Kirch
INTRODUCTION Gallstone disease is very common, but the gallstone bigger than 5 cm in diameter is very rare. It is very challenging to be removed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and poses extra difficulty in emergency. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 70-year-old man complained of abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant with fever of 38 °C for two days. Abdominal ultrasound indicated acute cholecystitis and a single, extremely large gallstone (95 mm × 60 mm × 45 mm). Emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed successfully. DISCUSSION Gallstone over 5 cm in diameter is very rare. LC will be very difficult for these cases, especially for the emergency cases. Emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be successfully performed with clear exposure of the anatomy of the Calot's triangle. To the best of our knowledge, such giant gallstone has been rarely reported. CONCLUSION We have proven that for the rare giant gallstone about 10 cm in size, LC is a feasible option if the anatomy of the Calot's triangle can be clearly exposed; otherwise, open cholecystectomy is a safe choice.
Xu, Xiequn; Hong, Tao; Zheng, Chaoji
Introduction The aim of our study was to compare single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC)\\u000a with respect to complications, operating time, postoperative pain, use of analgesics, length of stay, return to work, rate\\u000a of incisional hernia, and cosmetic outcome.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods Sixty-seven patients underwent SILC. Of a cohort of 163 LC operated in the same time period, 67 patients were
Odo Gangl; Wolfgang Hofer; Florian Tomaselli; Thomas Sautner; Reinhold Függer
The clinical observation that a laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a minimally invasive operation has not been demonstrated on a biochemical basis. Interleukin-6, a known endogenous pyrogen and hepatocyte-stimulating protein, correlates with the significance of surgical trauma. Utilizing the IL-6 immunoassay, we studied this biochemical parameter of trauma to compare its response in laparoscopic vs open cholecystectomy. Sixteen patients who underwent only
J. M. Cho; A. J. LaPorta; J. R. Clark; M. J. Schofield; S. L. Hammond; P. L. Mallory II
Background. Surgical resident education may contribute to increased operating time, thus increasing costs at teaching institutions. It is possible that junior residents, in particular, with less experience could contribute to longer operating times for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We hypothesized that all general surgery residents, regardless of level of training and with proper supervision, could complete a laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a safe
William N. Wang; Michael G. Melkonian; Renee Marshall; Randy S. Haluck
Background and Objectives: Specially designed surgical instruments have been developed for single-incision laparoscopic surgery, but high instrument costs may impede the implementation of these procedures. The aim of this study was to compare the cost of operative implements used for elective cholecystectomy performed as conventional laparoscopic 4-port cholecystectomy or as single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: Two consecutive series of patients undergoing single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy were assessed: (1) single-incision cholecystectomy using a commercially available multichannel port (n=80) and (2) a modified single-incision cholecystectomy using 2 regular trocars inserted through the umbilicus (n=20) with transabdominal sutures for gallbladder mobilization (puppeteering technique). Patients who underwent conventional 4-port cholecystectomy during the same time period (n=100) were selected as controls. Results: The instrumental cost of the single-incision cholecystectomy using a commercial port was significantly higher (median, $1123) than the cost for conventional 4-port (median $441, P < .0005) and modified single-incision cholecystectomy (median $342, P < .0005). The cost of the modified single-incision procedure was significantly lower than that for the 4-port cholecystectomy (P < .0005). Conclusion: The modified single-incision procedure using 2 regular ports inserted through the umbilicus can be performed at lower cost than conventional 4-port cholecystectomy. PMID:23318059
Al-Tayar, Haytham; Rosenberg, Jacob; Jorgensen, Lars Nannestad
In the first year from October 1990 since starting the procedure 65 laparoscopic cholecystectomies were carried out on one\\u000a surgical service. There were 4 planned open cholecystectomies and 8 laparoscopic procedures converted during the same period:\\u000a 7 of these were in the first 3 months with only 1 of the last 53 being opened. Surgery was carried out during the
K. J. Cronin; M. J. Kerin; N. N. Williams; J. Crowe; P. MacMathuna; J. Lennon; J. M. Fitzpatrick; T. F. Gorey
Introduction. Laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) has been performed in many approaches such as open, laparoscopic and recently Single Port Access (SPAA). In order to elucidate its potential advantages, we compared the two laparoscopic approaches. Methods. 87 patients were included in a multicentric study for suspected appendicitis in order to perform (SPAA) appendectomy or laparoscopic appendectomy (LA). All outcomes, including blood loss, operative time, complications, and length of stay and pain were recorded prospectively. Results. There were 46 patients in the SPAA group and 41 in the LAG with a mean operative time of 40,4 minutes in the SPAA group and 35,0 minutes in the LA group. Only one patient was converted to an open approach. We described only 2 complications. Pain was graded 2,8 in the SPAA group and 2,9 in the LA group, according to the AVS after 24 hours. Patients in the SPAA Group were more satisfied (7,5 versus 6,9) (P < 0.05). Same results were found for the cosmetic result (8,6 versus 7,4) (P < 0.05). Conclusion. Using the single port approach feasible and safe. The true benefit of the technique should be assessed by new randomised controlled trials. PMID:22655190
Vilallonga, Ramon; Barbaros, Umut; Nada, Ahmed; Sümer, Aziz; Demirel, Tu?rul; Fort, José Manuel; González, Oscar; Armengol, Manuel
Limited information exists on the relationship between adverse events associated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and subsequent litigation. Out of 104 suits concerning LC, 18 cases were settled for 628,138 dollars; 48 cases resulted in a plaintiff's verdict with the plaintiff receiving 2,891,421 dollars; and 18 cases resulted in a surgeon's verdict. However, when multiple defendant cases were excluded, there was <20,000 dollars difference between a negotiated settlement and plaintiff's verdict. Given the minimal monetary differences between a settlement and a plaintiff's verdict, when a surgeon is the sole defendant in a malpractice case concerning LC, the surgeon should encourage their carriers not to settle before trial; as only a trial will exonerate the surgeon. However, this encouragement should be tempered when there are "red flags" that favor the plaintiff, including multiple defendants (especially a hospital), male plaintiffs, bile duct injuries, knowledgeable and well-financed plaintiff's attorneys, and certain plaintiff's venues. PMID:16089128
McLean, Thomas R
Most commonly performed laparoscopic surgery is laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Although cholecystectomy through three port is not commonly preferred, researches have shown that it is a safe and feasible way of surgery. Material and Methods. We evaluate 100 patient that have undergone elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy through three port (group one). These patients were compared with 50 patients that have undergone laparoscopic cholecystectomy through four port (group two). Complications, lenght of stay in hospital, operation time, conversion to open surgery rate were compared in two group. Results: In group one, fourth port was necessary for nine (9%) patients. Duration of operation in group one was in average 31 min and in group two, 31, 3 min. Operation time, lenght of stay in hospital, complication rate, conversion to open surgery rate was similar in both groups. Conclusion: Three port laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safer method when performed by experienced surgeons. Laparoscopic cholecyctectomy can be tried through three ports firstly and can be continued with addition of fourth port if necessary.
Mayir, Burhan; Dogan, Ugur; Koc, Umit; Aslaner, Arif; B?lec?k, Tuna; Ensar?, Cemal Ozben; Cakir, Tugrul; Oruc, Mehmet Tahir
Background: Previous abdominal surgery has been reported as a relative contraindication to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This study specifically examined the effect of previous intraabdominal surgery on the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: Data from 1,638 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy were reviewed and analyzed for open conversion rates, operative times, intra- and postoperative complications, and hospital stay. Results:
A. J. Karayiannakis; A. Polychronidis; S. Perente; S. Botaitis; C. Simopoulos
Purpose Single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) is a minimally invasive surgery that is growing rapidly among surgical procedures. However, there is no standard method for SILC. Therefore, we evaluated the adequacy and feasibility of SILC using Konyang Standard Method. Methods We retrospectively reviewed our series of 307 SILCs performed between April 2010 and August 2012. Initially we excluded the patients who were more than 70 years old, had cardiologic or pulmonologic problems and complications of acute cholecystitis. After 50 cases, we did not apply the exclusion criteria. We performed SILC by Konyang Standard Method using three-trocar single port (hand-made) and long articulated instruments. Results Three hundred and seven patients underwent SILC. Male were 131 patients and female were 176 patients. Mean age was 51.6 ± 13.7 years old and mean body mass index was 24.8 ± 3.6 kg/m2. Ninety-three patients had histories of previous abdominal operation. Patient's pathologies included: chronic cholecystitis (247 cases), acute cholecystitis (30 cases), gall bladder (GB) polyps (24 cases), and GB empyema (6 cases). Mean operating time was 53.1 ± 25.4 minutes and mean hospital stay was 2.9 ± 3.4 days. There were four cases of 3-4 ports conversion due to cystic artery bleeding. Complications occurred in 5 cases including wound infection (2 cases), bile duct injury (1 case), duodenal perforation (1 case), and umbilical hernia (1 case). Conclusion SILC using Konyang Standard Method is safe and feasible. Therefore, our standard procedure can be applied to almost all benign GB disease. PMID:24783176
Son, Jong Il; Moon, Ju Ik; Ra, Yu Mi; Lee, Sang Eok; Choi, Won Jun; Yoon, Dae Sung
Background: Choleliathisis, in patients with renal transplantation, carries high risk of complications. We, at our institute, perform prophylactic cholecystectomy for aymptomatic gallstones in patients with renal transplantation. Aim: To present our experience of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with kidney transplantation. Subjects and Methods: Data, in the form of, demographics, medications used, indication of transplantation, manifestation of gallstones, operative findings, duration of hospitalization, and post-operative complications were obtained and results were analyzed. briefly summarize details of statistics including the soft ware used. Results: Twenty patients have undergone laparoscopic cholecystectomy. All patients were admitted on the day of surgery. Immunosuppression regimen was not modified during hospitalization. Indications of cholecystectomy were biliary colic (8/20 patients, 40%), acute cholecystitis (8/20 patients, 40%), asymptomatic gallstones (3/20 patients, 15%), and obstructive jaundice (1/20 patients, 5%). Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was uneventful in all cases. Post-operative complications were nausea and vomiting in two patients and port site infection in one patient. Conclusion: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, when performed in renal transplant patients, is a safe procedure. PMID:24669330
Sutariya, VK; Tank, AH
Background The risk of damage to the bile duct and structures in the hilum of the liver is significant when Calot’s triangle cannot be\\u000a safely dissected during laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and conversion to an open procedure often is performed. This is more\\u000a common during emergency surgery, but may not render the procedure any easier. Traditionally, open subtotal cholecystectomy\\u000a was performed, but with
J. A. E. Philips; D. A. Lawes; A. J. Cook; T. H. Arulampalam; A. Zaborsky; D. Menzies; R. W. Motson
Currently, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is an undoubtfully optimal treatment of cholelithiasis. What about performing this procedure on a patient with situs inversus totalis and what are the difficulties of this operation for a right-handed surgeon We presented a 35-year-old man with unknown situs inversus totalis who was admitted with epigastric pain and digestive problems. Ultrasonography and computed tomography of the abdomen confirmed the diagnosis of a gallstone. Besides, the liver and gallbladder were on the left side and the spleen was on the right. All systems were left-right reversal as mirror image in all diagnostic studies. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was safely performed, despite of difficulties of situs inversus. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 1. It should be considered that existence of other anomalies may easily cause uninvited injuries. In the patients with situs inversus, laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be safely managed by an experienced surgeon through laparoscopy, and also hepatobiliary surgery. PMID:17171807
Aydin, Unal; Unalp, Omer; Yazici, Pinar; Gurcu, Baris; Sozbilen, Murat; Coker, Ahmet
Background We aimed to analyze outcomes of early and delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the elderly in our General Surgery Division. Methods We analyzed 114 LC performed from the 1st of January 2008 to the 31st of December 2012 in our General Surgery division: 67 LC were performed for gallbladder stones and 47 for acute cholecystitis. Results and discussion Comparison between Ordinary and Emergency groups showed that drain placement and post-operative hospital stay were significatively different. There were no significative differences between Early Laparoscopic Emergency Cholecystectomy (E-ELC) and Delayed Laparoscopic Emergency Cholecystectomy (D-ELC). There weren't any differences about Team's evaluation. Conclusion We consider LC a safe and effective treatment for cholelitiasis and acute cholecystitis in Ordinary and Emergency setting, also in the elderly. We also demonstrate that, in our experience, LC for AC is feasible as well. PMID:24268106
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is a minimally invasive method of removing the diseased gallbladder. It was introduced into Lithuania in December 1992 and has gained wide acceptance. While LC offers many advantages over the conventional laparotomy procedure one of its drawbacks is delayed biliary complications. Those complications may be avoided with appropriate precautions. The aim of this research is to maximize the safety of LC. The potential way to solve this problem is to minimize the possible heat damage and electrical injury remote from the site of surgery during dissection of the cystic duct, cystic artery, and the gallbladder. Neodymium:YAG laser applications with endoscopic fiber have been investigated. The possibilities to use it as a scalpel and as coagulator to release the gallbladder from all its peritoneal attachments during LC have been investigated. The controversy over optimal sources for thermal dissection of the gallbladder has been performed. The potential benefits of Nd:YAG laser in surgery -- precise cutting, limited collateral tissue damage, and improved capillary and arteriole hemostasis -- have been found.
Simutis, Gintaras; Bubnys, A.; Vaitkuviene, Aurelija
Vascular injuries during laparoscopic cholecystectomy can occur in an analogous fashion to biliary injuries, with potential laceration, transection, and occlusion of blood vessels. A patient presented with symptomatic hemobilia 1 month following laparoscopic cholecystectomy and was found to have a right hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm which communicated with the common bile duct. This was successfully embolized with several embolic agents, resulting in rapid resolution of all signs and symptoms. The patient has been free of symptoms during a follow-up period of 1 year. A brief discussion of hepatic artery pseudoaneurysms is presented.
Rivitz, S. Mitchell; Waltman, Arthur C. [Division of Vascular Radiology, GRB-290, Massachusetts General Hospital, P.O. Box 9657, Boston, MA 02114 (United States); Kelsey, Peter B. [Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, P.O. Box 9657, Boston, MA 02114 (United States)
The objective of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of immediate laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the management of acute calculous cholecystitis. A prospective data collection was performed on all patients admitted to one surgical service over a 2-year period. The patients were managed by a uniform protocol consisting of (1) preoperative ERCP when common duct stones were suspected;
J. S. Bender; M. E. Zenilman
Introduction & Objective: Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in the superior method for the treatment of symptomatic gall bladder disease. The method which was done initially through four ports has under gone many developments. Studies have shown that although the reduction of the number of ports and their size has not affected the side effects and the duration of the surgery, it has
Advanced age is associated with an increase in postoperative complications. This study assesses the indications and outcome for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in patients aged 80 years or older. Consecutive, unselected patients aged 80 years or over undergoing LC between 1991 and 2000 were included. A retrospective case review enabled analysis of clinical and operative factors together with in-hospital morbidity, 30-day
Andrew L. Tambyraja; Sudhir Kumar; Stephen J. Nixon
Type of study: Comparative. Aim: To compare the postoperative morbidity in terms of post- operative pain, gait disturbances, wound and respiratory infections along with length of hospital stay in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy with those undergoing open surgery for symptomatic gallstone disease to compare the effectivity of minimally invasive surgery with open surgery in reducing postoperative morbidity and thus length
Faryal Gul Afridi; Javeria Iqbal; Jehangir Akbar; Zahoor Khan; M Zarin; Samiullah Wazir
Although several studies have shown a low incidence of bile duct injuries during laparoscopic cholecystectomy, concerns remain because of the sustained increase in the number of referrals for biliary reconstruction after the procedure. Twenty-one patients have been referred to our institution because of major bile duct injuries after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The injury was recognized during the laparoscopic procedure in only
Horacio J. Asbun; Ricardo L. Rossi; Jeffrey A. Lowell; J. Lawrence Munson
Background\\/Aims: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of performing laparoscopic cholecystectomy on patients undergoing laparoscopic-assisted gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Methods: This single center study involved a retrospective review of a database of 400 patients who underwent consecutive laparoscopic-assisted gastrectomy for early gastric cancer from June 2003 to July 2007. Outcomes in 26 patients who underwent both
I. H. Jeong; S. U. Choi; S. R. Lee; J. H. Kim; J. M. Park; S. H. Jin; E. K. Choi; Y. K. Cho; S. U. Han
Background and Objectives: Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a rare congenital anomaly that can cause difficulties during standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy due to its mirror-image anatomy. These cases require more technically demanding procedures, and handedness of the surgeon may influence performance of these operations. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) has been proposed as a less-invasive alternative to conventional laparoscopic surgery. We report the first case of successful SILS cholecystectomy in a patient with SIT and discuss technical aspects of the operation related to the handedness of the surgeon. Case: A 49-year-old man who was known to have situs inversus totalis presented with symptomatic cholelithiasis. This patient was operated on by a right-handed surgeon. The surgeon and camera assistant were positioned on the right and left side respectively with the video monitor above the patient's left shoulder. The SILS port (Covidien), which has 3 operating channels, was placed in the abdomen via a 2-cm intraumbilical incision. SILS cholecystectomy was performed successfully. Dissection of Calot's triangle and the gallbladder bed was performed using a dissector and hook in the right hand without any technical problems. Conclusion: SIT may confer an advantage over the orthotopic position for right-handed surgeons. SILS cholecystectomy can be performed safely in SIT. PMID:21902984
Yetkin, Gurkan; Kartal, Abdulcabbar
Purpose: The effectiveness of angiography and embolization in diagnosis and treatment were assessed in a cohort of patients presenting with upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage secondary to hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: Over a 6-year period 1513 laparoscopic cholecystectomies were carried out in our region. Nine of these patients (0.6%) developed significant upper gastrointestinal bleeding, 5-43 days after surgery. All underwent emergency celiac and selective right hepatic artery angiography. All were treated by coil embolization of the right hepatic artery proximal and distal to the bleeding point. Results: Pseudoaneurysms of the hepatic artery adjacent to cholecystectomy clips were demonstrated in all nine patients at selective right hepatic angiography. In three patients celiac axis angiography alone failed to demonstrate the pseudoaneurysm. Embolization controlled hemorrhage in all patients with no further bleeding and no further intervention. One patient developed a candidal liver abscess in the post-procedure period. All patients are alive and well at follow-up. Conclusion: Selective right hepatic angiography is vital in the diagnosis of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Embolization offers the advantage of minimally invasive treatment in unstable patients, does not disrupt recent biliary reconstruction, allows distal as well as proximal control of the hepatic artery, and is an effective treatment for this potentially life-threatening complication.
Nicholson, Tony; Travis, Simon; Ettles, Duncan; Dyet, John [Department of Vascular Radiology, Hull Royal Infirmary, Anlaby Road, Hull HU3 2JZ (United Kingdom); Sedman, Peter; Wedgewood, Kevin; Royston, Christopher [Department of Surgery, Hull Royal Infirmary, Anlaby Road, Hull HU3 2JZ (United Kingdom)
Background Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is a well-described technique for many general surgical procedures. The SILS techniques\\u000a applied to cholecystectomy vary, and reporting has been sparse. Because most cholecystectomies are outpatient procedures performed\\u000a by busy, practicing general surgeons, the authors report their initial experience adopting this technique.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods From March, 2008 to January, 2009, SILS was performed for 100 consecutive outpatients needing
Jose Erbella; Gary M. Bunch
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has revolutionized the management of symptomatic cholelithiasis and cholecystitis. Although electrosurgery devices are used by a majority of surgeons, laser technology is a valued addition to the armamentarium of the skilled laser laparoscopist. A variety of fiberoptic capable wavelengths have been applied successfully during this procedure. Use of the CO2 laser for this purpose has lagged due to difficulties encountered with free-beam and rigid waveguide dissections via the laparoscope. Recent developments in flexible waveguide technology have the potential to expand the role of the CO2 laser for laparoscopic cholecystectomy and other procedures. Twelve laparoscopic cholecystectomies were performed using Luxar (Bothell, WA) flexible microwaveguides of various configurations. In each case, dissection of the gallbladder from the gallbladder bed was accomplished with acceptable speed and hemostasis. There were no complications. Shortcomings include coupling and positioning with an articulated arm and occasional clogging of some waveguide tips with debris. Modifications of this technology are suggested. Flexible waveguides make the CO2 laser a practical alternative for surgical laparoscopy.
Lanzafame, Raymond J.
Background and Objectives: In patients with acute cholecystitis who cannot undergo early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (within 72 hours), 6 weeks to 12 weeks after onset is widely considered the optimal timing for delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, there has been no clear consensus about it. We aimed to determine optimal timing for delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. Methods: Medical records of 100 patients who underwent standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were divided into group 1, patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy within 72 hours of onset; group 2, between 4 days to 14 days; group 3, between 3 weeks to 6 weeks; group 4, >6 weeks. Results: No significant differences existed between groups in conversion rate to open surgery, operation time, blood loss, or postoperative morbidity, and hospital stay. However, total hospital stay in groups 1 and 2 was significantly shorter than that in groups 3 and 4 (P<.01). In addition, the total hospital stay in group 3 was also significantly shorter than that in group 4 (P<.01). Conclusions: Best timing of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis may be within 72 hours, and the delayed timing of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients who cannot undergo early laparoscopic cholecystectomy is probably as soon as possible after they can tolerate laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:22906333
Iwashita, Yukio; Yada, Kazuhiro; Ogawa, Tadashi; Kai, Seiichiro; Ishio, Tetsuya; Shibata, Kohei; Matsumoto, Toshifumi; Bandoh, Toshio; Kitano, Seigo
Innovations in technology has changed the traditional laparoscopy to be less invasive. Singleport transumbilical laparoscopy\\u000a has emerged to enhance the cosmetic benefits and to decrease the morbidity of the minimally invasive surgery. It has further\\u000a minimized the minimally invasive surgery. However, this technique requires a specialized multichannel port (for introducing\\u000a laparoscope and instruments) which is very costly and in fact,
Elbert Khiangte; Iheule Newme; Partha Phukan; Santanu Medhi
Cholecystectomy is a common procedure. Abnormalities in the anatomy of the biliary system are common but an abnormal location of the gallbladder is much rarer. Despite frequent pre-operative imaging, the aberrant location of the gallbladder is commonly discovered at surgery. This article presents a case of a patient with the gallbladder located to the left of the falciform ligament in the absence of situs inversus totalis that presented with right upper quadrant pain. A laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed and it was noted that the cystic duct originated from the right side. The presence of a left sided gall bladder is often associated with various biliary, portal venous and other anomalies that might lead to intra-operative injuries. The spectrum of unusual positions and anatomical gallbladder abnormalities is reviewed in order to facilitate elective and emergent cholecystectomy as well as other hepatobiliary procedures. With proper identification of the anatomy, minimally invasive approaches are still considered safe. PMID:24124340
Iskandar, Mazen E; Radzio, Agnes; Krikhely, Merab; Leitman, I Michael
Carcinoid tumors of the midgut arise from the distal duodenum, jejunum, ileum, appendix, ascending and right transverse colon. The appendix and terminal ileum are the most common location. The majority of carcinoid tumors originate from neuroendocrine cells along the gastrointestinal tract, but they are also found in the lung, ovary, and biliary tracts. We report the first case of elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy in which we found a suspicious lesion at the tip of the appendix and proceeded to perform a laparoscopic appendectomy. The lesion revealed a carcinoid tumor of the appendix. PMID:10323177
Haluck, Randy; Cooney, Robert N.; Minnick, Kathleen E.; Ruggiero, Francesco; Smith, J. Stanley
Patients who undergo laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) are operated on under general anesthesia, in a reverse Trendelenburg position, with 12–15-mmHg pneumoperitoneum. All of these factors can induce venous stasis of the legs, which may lead to postoperative deep-vein thrombosis (DVT). The objectives of this study were to assess the degree of hypercoagulability and to determine the rate of postoperative DVT in
J. A. Caprini; J. I. Arcelus; M. Laubach; K. N. Hoffman; R. W. Coats; S. Blattner
Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with shorter hospital stay and less pain in comparison to open surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intraperitoneal hydrocortisone on pain relief following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: Sixty two patients were enrolled in a double-blind, randomized clinical trial. Patients randomly received intraperitoneal instillation of either 250 ml normal saline (n=31) or 100 mg hydrocortisone in 250 ml normal saline (n=31) before insufflation of CO2 into the peritoneum. Abdominal and shoulder pain were evaluated using VAS after surgery and at 6, 12, and 24 hours postoperatively. The patients were also followed for postoperative analgesic requirements, nausea and vomiting, and return of bowel function. Results: Sixty patients completed the study. Patients in the hydrocortisone group had significantly lower abdominal and shoulder pain scores (10.95 vs 12.95; P<0.01). The patients were similar regarding analgesic requirements in the recovery room. However, those in the hydrocortisone group required less meperidine than the saline group (151.66 (±49.9) mg vs 61.66 (±38.69) mg; P=0.00). The patients were similar with respect to return of bowel function, nausea and vomiting. No adverse reaction was observed in either group. Conclusion: Intraperitoneal administration of hydrocortisone can significantly decrease pain and analgesic requirements after laparoscopic cholecystectomy with no adverse effects. PMID:23717225
Sarvestani, Amene S.; Amini, Shahram; Kalhor, Mohsen; Roshanravan, Reza; Mohammadi, Mehdi; Lebaschi, Amir Hussein
BACKGROUND: Open cholecystectomy through a small incision is an alternative to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: From 1 January 2002 through 31 December 2003, all operations upon the gallbladder in a district hospital with emergency admission and responsibility for surgical training were done as intended small-incision open cholecystectomy. RESULTS: 182 women and 90 men with a median age of 56 (interquartile range
Jonas Leo; Goran Filipovic; Julia Krementsova; Rickard Norblad; Mattias Söderholm; Erik Nilsson
Increasing numbers of patients require cholecystectomy after previous pneumonectomy, but there are little data to guide anaesthetic management. A laparoscopic approach is associated with less postoperative respiratory compromise than open cholecystectomy but may be relatively contraindicated due to the undesirable effects of pneumoperitoneum on respiratory function. We describe the case of a 72-year-old patient who successfully underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy 23 years after left pneumonectomy. An understanding of the combined physiological consequences of pneumonectomy and pneumoperitoneum facilitated the provision of safe and uneventful anaesthesia. We propose that laparoscopic cholecystectomy is feasible and safe to perform in patients with a single lung.
Newington, Dash Faith; Ismail, Sanaa
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been widely performed since its introduction in 1987 by Mouret. However, conversion to open cholecystectomy is common when the surgeon encounters variant anatomy. We report 2 cases of cholecystitis and cholelithiasis in patients with left-sided gallbladders that were treated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy by the same surgeon at this institution. The patient in the first case had the condition of situs inversus totalis, and the gallbladder of the second patient was located to the left of the round ligament. In both instances, successful laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed, and the patients recovered uneventfully. PMID:11303995
Donthi, Ramamurthy; Thomas, David J.; DO; Sanders, David
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been widely performed since its introduction in 1987 by Mouret. However, conversion to open cholecystectomy is common when the surgeon encounters variant anatomy. We report 2 cases of cholecystitis and cholelithiasis in patients with left-sided gallbladders that were treated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy by the same surgeon at this institution. The patient in the first case had the condition of situs inversus totalis, and the gallbladder of the second patient was located to the left of the round ligament. In both instances, successful laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed, and the patients recovered uneventfully. PMID:11303995
Donthi, R; Thomas, D J; Sanders, D; Schmidt, S P
INTRODUCTION With the advent of laparoscopic cholecystectomy we have seen a “disease of medical progress” (DOMP). Herein we report a complication that developed 7 years after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 42 year old woman presented with worsening right-sided pain and tenderness. Seven years prior she underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Computed tomography demonstrated a subhepatic retroperitoneal inflammatory mass. On open exploration a 4 cm × 6 cm retroperitoneal mass was excised. The mass contained purulent material and gallstones. DISCUSSION Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the “gold standard” for the treatment of symptomatic gallstones. Prior to laparoscopic cholecystectomy there was no body of literature about lost gallstones thus making this a DOMP. In contrast, it is reported that as many as 5.4–19% of laparoscopic cholecystectomies have stones spilled with variable rates of retrieval. Our case demonstrates an extreme example of a complication resulting seven years after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy with gallstones left behind. CONCLUSION Recognizing that gallstones will be lost during some cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, we must remain vigilant and make a full attempt to retrieve all stones to prevent such rare but not insignificant potential complications. PMID:23000379
Singh, Kuldeep; Wang, Ming L.; Ofori, Emmanuel; Widmann, Warren; Alemi, Aziz; Nakaska, Miles
Background: Cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallstones is mainly performed after the acute cholecystitis episode settles because of the fear of higher morbidity and conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open cholecystectomy during acute cholecystitis. Aims: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis and to compare the results with delayed cholecystectomy. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective and randomized study. For patients assigned to early group, laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed as soon as possible within 72 hours of admission. Patients in the delayed group were treated conservatively and discharged as soon as the acute attack subsided. They were subsequently readmitted for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy 6-12 weeks later. Results: There was no significant difference in the conversion rates, postoperative analgesia requirements, or postoperative complications. However, the early group had significantly more blood loss, more operating time, and shorter hospital stay. Conclusion: Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy within 72 hours of onset of symptoms has both medical as well as socioeconomic benefits and should be the preferred approach for patients managed by surgeons with adequate experience in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:24020050
Gul, Rouf; Dar, Rayees Ahmad; Sheikh, Riyaz Ahmad; Salroo, Nazir Ahmad; Matoo, Adnan Rashid; Wani, Sabiya Hamid
Situs inversus totalis is an uncommon anatomic anomaly that complicates diagnosis and management of acute abdominal pain. Expedient diagnosis of common intraperitoneal disease processes such as biliary colic, acute appendicitis and diverticulitis is often delayed as a result of seemingly incongruous physical findings. We present the case of a young woman with prior emergency room visits for complaints of a vague left upper quadrant abdominal pain. An ultrasound performed on her third presentation revealed visceral situs inversus with cholelithiasis and dilated intra- and extrahepatic biliary ducts. Standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy and cholangiography with a mirror-image surgical approach was performed successfully and without complication. PMID:10987405
Djohan, Risal S.; Rodriguez, Heron E.; Wiesman, Irvin M.; Unti, James A.
The introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy was associated with increased incidences of bile duct injury. The primary cause appears to be misidentification of the biliary anatomy. Routine intra-operative cholangiography has been recommended to reduce accidental duct injury, although in practice it is more often reserved for selected cases. There has been interest in the use of fluorescent agents excreted via the biliary system to enable real-time intra-operative imaging, to aid the laparoscopic surgeon in correctly interpreting the anatomy. The primary aim of this review is to evaluate the ability of fluorescent cholangiography to identify important biliary anatomy intra-operatively. Secondary aims are to investigate its ability to detect important intra-operative pathology such as bile leaks, identify potential alternative fluorophores, and evaluate the evidence regarding patient outcomes. PMID:25317203
Background\\u000a The role of prophylactic antibiotics in laparoscopic cholecystectomy in low-risk patients is controversial. We conducted a\\u000a meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of prophylactic antibiotics in low-risk patients (those without cholelithiasis or cholangitis)\\u000a undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods\\u000a Multiple databases and abstracts were searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing prophylactic antibiotics to\\u000a placebo or no antibiotics in low-risk laparoscopic cholecystectomy were
Abhishek Choudhary; Matthew L. Bechtold; Srinivas R. Puli; Mohamed O. Othman; Praveen K. Roy
Background Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the standard treatment for symptomatic gallbladder diseases. However, there still\\u000a is a substantial proportion of patients in whom laparoscopic cholecystectomy cannot be successfully performed, and for whom\\u000a conversion to open surgery is required.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods In this study, 1,000 laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed at Ankara Numune Hospital, Fourth Department of Surgery, from\\u000a March 1992 to July 1999 were prospectively
N. A. Kama; M. Doganay; M. Dolapci; E. Reis; M. Atli; M. Kologlu
Objectives Oxycodone is semi-synthetic opioid, oral and parenteral preparations have been widely used for acute and chronic pain. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and side effects of oxycodone and fentanyl in patient controlled analgesia (PCA) after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods A prospective, randomized, double-blind study was conducted. 81 patients were randomly divided into two groups; fentanyl (10 mcg fentanyl and 1.5 mg ketorolac) and oxycodone group (1 mg oxycodone and 1.5 mg ketorolac). After the operation, a blinded observer assessed pain using a numerical rating scale (NRS), infused PCA dose, side effects, sedation levels, and satisfaction. Results Cumulative PCA dose of oxycodone group at 48 h (31.4 ± 16.0 ml) was significantly less than that of fentanyl group (43.8 ± 23.1 ml, P = 0.009). Oxycodone group showed more nausea at 6 - 24 h after the operation (P = 0.001), but there was no difference in satisfaction score (P = 0.073). There were no significant differences in other side effects, sedation and NRS scores between two groups. Conclusion Oxycodone showed comparable effects for pain relief compared to fentanyl in spite of less cumulative PCA dose. Based on these results, we could conclude that oxycodone may be useful as an alternative to fentanyl for PCA after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:24843313
Hwang, Boo-Young; Kwon, Jae-Young; Kim, Eunsoo; Lee, Do-Won; Kim, Tae-Kyun; Kim, Hae-Kyu
Introduction. The aim of this study was to characterize national trends in adoption of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and determine differences in outcome based on type of surgery and patient age. Methods. Retrospective cross-sectional study of patients undergoing cholecystectomy. Trends in open versus laparoscopic cholecystectomy by age group and year were analyzed. Differences in outcomes including in-hospital mortality, complications, discharge disposition, length of stay (LOS), and cost are examined. Results. Between 1999 and 2006, 358,091 patients underwent cholecystectomy. In 1999, patients aged ?80 years had the lowest rates of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, followed by those aged 65–79, 64–50, and 49–18 years (59.7%, 65.3%, 73.2%, and 83.5%, resp., P < 0.05). Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was associated with improved clinical and economic outcomes across all age groups. Over the study period, there was a gradual increase in laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed among all age groups during each year, though elderly patients continued to lag significantly behind their younger counterparts in rates of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Conclusion. This is the largest study to report trends in adoption of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the US in patients stratified by age. Elderly patients are more likely to undergo open cholecystectomy. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with improved clinical outcomes. PMID:24790759
Aziz, Abdul; Desai, Sapan S.; McMaster, Jason
Background: In 1,577 laparoscopic cholecystectomies, 111 due to acute and 1,466 due to chronic cholecystitis, the incidence of intraoperative gallbladder rupture and its relationship with abdominal wound infections were evaluated.
J. Diez; C. J. Arozamena; P. Ferraina; J. M. Franci; A. Ferreres; J. M. Lardies; V. P. Gutierrez
Bile duct injuries (BDIs) are difficult to avoid absolutely when the biliary tract has a malformation, such as accessory hepatic duct. Here, we investigated the management strategies for BDI combined with accessory hepatic duct during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:25232275
Ren, Pei-Tu; Lu, Bao-Chun; Yu, Jian-Hua; Zhu, Xin
ObjectivesTo report the experience of performing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in patients suffering from sickle cell disease (SCD), and to assess if their postoperative complications can be minimized by shortening the operating time.
Dilip Dan; Shiva Seetahal; Dave Harnanan; Yardesh Singh; Seetharaman Hariharan; Vijay Naraynsingh
Recently the number of surgical and gynaecological operations performed via laparoscope has increased. The authors looked for the answer whether the carbon dioxide insufflated into the abdominal cavity during laparoscopy could cause significant change in the amount of carbon dioxide expired per minute. They measured the concentrations of carbon dioxide at the end of expiration, the amount of carbon dioxide produced per minute and the oxygen saturation during ataranaesthesia, muscle relaxation, intratracheal intubation and controlled mechanical ventilation in 20 cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. According to the results the amount of carbon dioxide exhaled per minute increased 1-3 minutes after insufflation and its maximum value was reached within 15-30 minutes (120-140% of the basic value). The continuous pulsoxymetrical examination showed that the constant intraperitoneal pressure equal or higher than 13-15 Hgmm could lead to the increase of the intrapulmonal shunt-circulation due to dystelectasis of the pulmonary bases. This could be prevented by increasing the respiratory pause-pressure to the level corresponding to the intraperitoneal pressure. In order to decrease the intraoperative anaesthesiological risks associated with the procedure the authors propose the use of capnometer and pulsoxymeter for the mentioned operation; this will keep level up with the relatively small risks associated with the postoperative period of the laparoscopic operations. PMID:8351138
Babik, B; Vereczkey, Z; Fogas, J; Vattay, P; Baltás, B
OBJECTIVE: To study the introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy to the 43 tertiary-care university-affiliated Veterans Administration medical centers (VAMCs) participating in the National Veterans Affairs Surgical Risk Study from October 1991 through December 1993. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Previous studies in the private sector have documented growth in the number of cholecystectomies and falling clinical thresholds for cholecystectomy with the introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: The following were analyzed for changes over time: measures of patient preoperative risk, complexity of surgery, severity of biliary disease, numbers of procedures, postoperative length of stay, and 30-day postoperative mortality and general complication rates. RESULTS: The number of cholecystectomies performed laparoscopically increased, but the total number of cholecystectomies performed remained stable over time. The proportion of patients with acute cholecystitis, emergent cholecystectomies, and technically complex cholecystectomies did not change or increased slightly over time. Adjusted odds for postoperative general complications were lower for laparoscopic than for open cholecystectomy, but 30-day postoperative mortality and general complication rates for all cholecystectomies remained constant over time. Postoperative length of stay for all cholecystectomies fell significantly. Implementation rates of laparoscopic cholecystectomy varied widely between hospitals. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was adopted more slowly and used in a lower percentage of cholecystectomies than in non-VA settings. CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to non-VA studies showing increases in overall cholecystectomy volume since the introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, these VAMCs implemented laparoscopic cholecystectomy without growth in cholecystectomies or a change in the clinical threshold for cholecystectomy. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was associated with better outcomes, but its introduction in the setting of stable cholecystectomy volume and biliary disease case mix did not change postoperative mortality and complication rates. The stable cholecystectomy volume and biliary disease case mix, slower adoption, and lower use of laparoscopic cholecystectomy contrast with previous reports and may result from differences in patients and organization and financing of VA versus non-VA settings. PMID:9445105
Chen, A Y; Daley, J; Pappas, T N; Henderson, W G; Khuri, S F
BackgroundThe aim of this prospective randomized study was to investigate the necessity and impact of prophylactic antibiotics on postoperative infection complications in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Wen-Tsan Chang; King-Teh Lee; Shih-Chang Chuang; Shen-Nien Wang; Kung-Kai Kuo; Jong-Shyone Chen; Pai-Ching Sheen
Background: We sought to determine the incidence of recurrence of carcinoma at the port site and the outcome of patients with such recurrences after exploratory laparoscopy\\/laparoscopic cholecystectomy for unsuspected gallbladder carcinoma and analyzed aspects of the laparoscopic procedure associated with recurrences at the port site. Methods: Thirty-seven patients with preoperatively unknown adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder were analyzed. The patients were
Kaspar Z'graggen; Stefan Birrer; Christoph A. Maurer; Heinz Wehrli; Christian Klaiber; Hans U. Baer
The incidence of gallstone disease in patients with cirrhosis is greater than that in healthy patients. Previous surgical literature reported greater morbidity and mortality in patients with cirrhosis with both open and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). We compared our recent experience with LC in patients with cirrhosis and controls. A retrospective review was performed using the search terms, “cirrhosis” and “laparoscopic
Neville F. Fernandes; Wayne H. Schwesinger; Susan G. Hilsenbeck; Glenn W. W. Gross; Michael K. Bay; Kenneth R. Sirinek; Steven Schenker
Background/Aims Gallbladder diseases can give rise to dyspeptic or colonic symptoms in addition to biliary pain. Although most biliary pain shows improvement after cholecystectomy, the fates of dyspeptic or colonic symptoms still remain controversial. This study assessed whether nonspecific gastrointestinal symptoms improved after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and identified the characteristics of patients who experienced continuing or exacerbated symptoms following surgery. Methods Sixty-five patients who underwent LC for uncomplicated gallbladder stones or gallbladder polyps were enrolled. The patients were surveyed on their dyspeptic or colonic symptoms before surgery and again at 3 and 6 months after surgery. Patients' mental sanity was also assessed using a psychological symptom score with the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised questionnaire. Results Forty-four (67.7%) patients showed one or more dyspeptic or colonic symptoms before surgery. Among these, 31 (47.7%) and 36 (55.4%) patients showed improvement at 3 and 6 months after surgery, respectively. However, 18.5% of patients showed continuing or exacerbated symptoms at 6 months after surgery. These patients did not differ with respect to gallstone or gallbladder polyps, but differed in frequency of gastritis. These patients reported lower postoperative satisfaction. Patients with abdominal symptoms showed higher psychological symptom scores than others. However, poor mental sanity was not related to the symptom exacerbation. Conclusions Elective LC improves dyspeptic or colonic symptoms. Approximately 19% of patients reported continuing or exacerbated symptoms following LC. Detailed history-taking regarding gastritis before surgery can be helpful in predicting patients’ outcome after LC. PMID:24840378
Kim, Gi Hyun; Lee, Hyo Deok; Kim, Min; Kim, Kyeongmin; Jeong, Yusook; Hong, Yong Joo; Kang, Eun Seok; Han, Joung-Ho; Choi, Jae-Woon; Park, Seon Mee
Aims: In our group, after a study showing that spinal anesthesia is safe when compared with general anesthesia, spinal anesthesia has been the technique of choice for this procedure. This is a prospective study with all patients undergoing LC under spinal anesthesia in our department since 2007. Settings and Design: Prospective observational. Materials and Methods: From 2007 to 2011, 369 patients with symptoms of colelithiasis, laparoscopic cholecystectomy were operated under spinal anesthesia with pneumoperitoneum and low pressure CO2. We compared 15 mg of hyperbaric bupivacaine and lumbar puncture with 10 or 7.5 mg of hyperbaric bupivacaine thoracic puncture, all with 25 ?g fentanyl until the sensory level reached T3. Intraoperative parameters, post-operative pain, complications, recovery, patient satisfaction, and cost were compared between both groups. Statistical Analysis Used: Means were compared by ANOVA or Kruskal-Wallis test, the percentages of the Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test when appropriate. Time of motor and sensory block in spinal anesthesia group was compared by paired t test or Mann-Whitney test. Differences were considered significant when P ? 0.05, and for comparisons of mean pain visual scale, we employed the Bonferroni correction applied to be considered significant only with P ? 0.0125 Results: All procedures were completed under spinal anesthesia. The use of lidocaine 1% was successful in the prevention of shoulder pain in 329 (89%) patients. There were significant differences in time to reach T3, obtaining 15 mg > 10 mg = 7.5 mg. There is a positive correlation between the dose and the incidence of hypotension. The lowest doses gave a decrease of 52.2% in the incidence of hypotension. There was a positive correlation between the dose and duration of sensory and motor block. Sensory block was almost twice the motor block at all doses. With low doses, 60% of patients went from table to stretcher. Satisfaction occurred in 99% of patients. Conclusions: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be performed successfully under spinal anesthesia with low-pressure pneumoperitoneum of CO2. The use of thoracic puncture and low doses of hyperbaric bupivacaine provided better hemodynamic stability, less hypotension, and shorter duration of sensory and motor blockade than lumbar spinal anesthesia with conventional doses.
Imbelloni, Luiz Eduardo
Laparoscopic surgery has become the gold standard for the surgical treatment of benign disorders of bile ducts, for example, symptomatic cholelithiasis. Nowadays, laparoscopic surgery is becoming less invasive by means of the advanced technologic capabilities. In this article, the authors present a 65-year-old patient with situs inversus totalis who was examined because of abdominal pain and dyspeptic symptoms. Ultrasonography and tomography revealed cholecystitis with gallstones (calculous cholecystitis), besides, it was observed that the liver and the gall bladder were on the left side and the heart, the stomach and the spleen were located on the right side of the patient. The patient was performed single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The patient was discharged on the postoperative day 1. In the present article, the authors described how easily the single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy could resolve the technical difficulties encountered in the patients with situs inversus totalis during the conventional laparoscopic surgery. PMID:22679325
Ozsoy, Mustafa; Haskaraca, Mehmet Fatih; Terzioglu, Alihan
This study reports a 69-year-old, obese, female patient presenting with a biliary leakage after laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis. Closure of the umbilical trocar site had been neglected during the laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Early, on postoperative day five, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) requirement after laparoscopic cholecystectomy resolved the biliary leakage problem but resulted with a more complicated clinical picture with an intestinal obstruction and severe abdominal pain. Computed tomography revealed a strangulated hernia from the umbilical trocar site. Increased abdominal pressure during ERCP had strained the weak umbilical trocar site. Emergency surgical intervention through the umbilicus revealed an ischemic small bowel segment which was treated with resection and anastomosis. This report demonstrates that negligence of trocar site closure can result in very early herniation, particularly if an endoscopic intervention is required in the early postoperative period.
Sumer, Fatih; Kayaalp, Cuneyt; Yagci, Mehmet Ali; Otan, Emrah; Kocaaslan, Huseyin
This study reports a 69-year-old, obese, female patient presenting with a biliary leakage after laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis. Closure of the umbilical trocar site had been neglected during the laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Early, on postoperative day five, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) requirement after laparoscopic cholecystectomy resolved the biliary leakage problem but resulted with a more complicated clinical picture with an intestinal obstruction and severe abdominal pain. Computed tomography revealed a strangulated hernia from the umbilical trocar site. Increased abdominal pressure during ERCP had strained the weak umbilical trocar site. Emergency surgical intervention through the umbilicus revealed an ischemic small bowel segment which was treated with resection and anastomosis. This report demonstrates that negligence of trocar site closure can result in very early herniation, particularly if an endoscopic intervention is required in the early postoperative period. PMID:25400872
Sumer, Fatih; Kayaalp, Cuneyt; Yagci, Mehmet Ali; Otan, Emrah; Kocaaslan, Huseyin
Purpose: Advances in laparoscopic techniques have enabled complicated intra-abdominal surgical procedures to be made with less trauma and a better cosmetic appearance. The techniques have been developed by decreasing the number of incisions in conventional laparoscopic procedures in order to increase patient satisfaction. The aim of this study was to compare the results of cholecystectomies made with 3, 2 or a single incision. Method: A total of 95 cholecystectomy patients from Elbistan State Hospital and Suleyman Demirel University Hospital between 2011 and 2013 were prospectively evaluated. The patients were separated into 3 groups as triple incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (TILC), double incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (DILC) and single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC). Patients were evaluated in respect of demographic characteristics, operation time, success rate, analgesia requirement, length of hospital stay and patient satisfaction. Results: Successful procedures were completed in 40 TILC, 40 DILC and 15 SILC cases. Transfer to open cholecystectomy was not required in any case. The mean duration of operation was 71 mins (range, 55-120 mins) for SILC cases, 45 mins (range, 32-125 mins) for DILC cases and 42 mins (range, 29-96 mins) for TILC cases. The mean time for the SILC cases was statistically significantly longer than the other two groups (p < 0.000). Conclusions: At a comparable level with DILC and TILC, single incision laparosccopic cholecystectomy is a method which can be used without incurring any extra costs or requiring additional instrumentation or training and which has good cosmetic results and a low requirement for analgesia.
Sabuncuoglu, Mehmet Zafer; Benzin, Mehmet Fatih; Cakir, Tugrul; Sozen, Isa; Sabuncuoglu, Aylin
Brunei has a small population and a unique medical setup: The number of laparoscopic cholecystectomies (LCs) performed in our institution represents the total number of cases performed in this country. A prospective analysis of all the LCs performed in Brunei is presented. All 220 LCs performed between February 1, 1992, and November 30, 1996, were prospectively recorded on a detailed protocol. Analyses were made with respect to preoperative patient demography, intraoperative complications, and postoperative morbidity and mortality. Symptomatic gallstone disease was found to be common among the ethnic Nepalese population. In this series, nine patients required conversion to open surgery (4%). Acute cholecystitis comprised 21% of cases, and the mean operating time was longer in these cases (144.1 min) than in elective cases (101.2 min; P = 0.002). The overall morbidity was 5% with one ductal injury (0.5%). The mortality rate in this series was 0.5%. Our results of LC are favorable and comparable with those of published series. We conclude that LC has been successfully introduced into our institution. This study also represents an unofficial audit of the state of development of LC in Brunei. PMID:9566565
Kok, K Y; Mathew, V V; Tan, K K; Yapp, S K
Previous research has concentrated mainly on surgical aspects and postoperative complication rates after day surgery laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), and less on patients' experiences and nursing care aspects. A qualitative study was conducted aimed at investigating patients' experiences of LC in day surgery. Ten women and two men were interviewed. The material was coded, categorized and analysed using qualitative analysis. The findings demonstrate that individuals with gallstone disease experience limitations in their daily life and feelings of socially handicapped. Prior to surgery, the patients felt anxious and expressed a wish for tranquilizers, and to meet the surgeon responsible. At discharge after day surgery, amnesia was experienced and the respondents did not remember important information about the operation given by the surgeon. Experience of postoperative pain varied greatly. Several respondents had a relapse of pain on the third day lasting up to 1 week. The need for additional pain medication and a bloated feeling were reported. Some respondents reported nausea and vomiting, and most had questions about wound care. The need for additional telephone follow-up was mentioned, as was the fact that it was difficult to come home to small children. However, the great majority felt that returning home on the same day as the operation, was positive. PMID:12603558
Barthelsson, Cajsa; Lützén, Kim; Anderberg, Bo; Nordström, Gun
Duodenal injury following laparoscopic cholecystectomy is rare complications with catastrophic sequelae. Most injuries are attributed to thermal burns with electrocautery following adhesiolysis and have a delayed presentation requiring surgical intervention. We present a case of a 47-year-old gentleman operated on for laparoscopic cholecystectomy with a bilious drain postoperatively; for which an ERC was done showing choledocholithiasis with cystic duct stump blow-out and a drain in the duodenum suggestive of an iatrogenic duodenal injury. He was managed conservatively like a duodenal fistula and recovered without undergoing any intervention.
Modi, MA; Deolekar, SS; Gvalani, AK
Congenital malformation of the gallbladder and cystic duct that cause operative difficulty are rare developmental abnormalities of embryogenesis. We report the case of a 47-year-old male patient who presented with right upper quadrant pain, tenderness, mild jaundice, moderately elevated liver function tests, and ultrasound evidence of acute calculus cholecystitis. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) excluded choledocholithiasis, but revealed the cystic duct anomaly. A difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed successfully. This is an unusual case of laparoscopic cholecystectomy for severe acute calculus cholecystitis in a patient with very low conjunction to the common bile duct (CBD) of a long, parallel cystic duct. PMID:19275859
Triantafyllou, Apostolos; Psarras, Kyriakos; Marakis, Georgios N.; Sakantamis, Athanasios K.
A 55-year-old man had laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis and unexpected gallbladder cancer, followed by a liver bed resection and lymph node dissection. Eleven years later, he had a port-site recurrence of gallbladder cancer requiring resection; at that time, no other site of recurrence was observed. The patient has survived for 20 months without another recurrence. Although a rare finding, clinicians should be alert to the possibility of such a recurrence even 11 years after complete cure of the primary tumor, particularly in patients who have undergone laparoscopic cholecystectomy for unexpected gallbladder cancer. PMID:25354373
Tsujita, Eiji; Ikeda, Yasuharu; Kinjo, Nao; Uezu, Ippei; Matsuyama, Junko; Kawano, Hiroyuki; Yamaguchi, Shohei; Egashira, Akinori; Minami, Kazuhito; Yamamoto, Manabu; Kumagai, Reiko; Taguchi, Kenichi; Morita, Masaru; Toh, Yasushi; Okamura, Takeshi
Situs viscerum inversus totalis is a rare disorder presenting with complete transposition of thoracic and abdominal viscera. It is associated with certain organ anomalies, but it is not a predisposing factor to cholecystolithiasis. To date, fewer than 100 cholecystectomies in patients with situs inversus have been published worldwide. We report a case of a 75-year-old woman referred to our hospital with abdominal pain in the left hypochondrium. Situs inversus totalis and acute calculous cholecystitis were diagnosed and successfully conservatively treated with antibiotics. The patient underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy 3 months later. The procedure and postoperative course were uneventful and the patient recovered well. The clinical presentation of these patients with cholecystolithiasis may be confusing and vague and the correct diagnosis delayed. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the gold standard in the treatment even though the operation requires some modifications in operating theatre arrangement and position of the surgical team. Most surgeons are right-handed, and to operate laparoscopically in the “mirror image” anatomical situation using mainly the left hand for dissection may be stressful, uncomfortable and more time-consuming. Some recommendations to overcome this issue have been published. In conclusion, the above-mentioned anomaly may cause some risk and delay of the exact diagnosis, but it is not dangerous in itself. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe procedure, even in the case of acute cholecystitis, if performed by an experienced laparoscopic surgeon. The most dangerous is always an incautious and too self-confident surgeon. PMID:23256031
Hoffmann, Petr; Koci, Jaromir
There is a surge in interest in single-incision laparoscopic surgery in the recent years. Due to entry of all the ports and instruments from the same incision and obliquity of the instruments, the lowermost port exerts repeated pressure on the infraumbilical abdominal wall. We are reporting 2 cases of single-incision laparoscopic surgery cholecystectomy who presented with lower abdominal pain and contusion in the post operative period. PMID:20874236
Garg, Pankaj; Thakur, Jai Deep; Singh, Iqbal
Background: The size of laparoscopic instruments has been reduced for use in abdominal video endoscopic surgery. However, it has yet\\u000a to be proven that microlaparoscopic surgery will actually result in clinically relevant benefits for patients.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: Fifty patients were randomized in a blinded fashion to receive either elective laparoscopic (MINI), (n= 25) or microlaparoscopic (MICRO) (n= 25) cholecystectomy. Pulmonary function
W. Schwenk; J. Neudecker; J. Mall; B. Böhm; J. M. Müller
Purpose. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the treatment of choice for gallstones. There is an increased incidence of bile duct injuries in LC compared with the open technique. Isolated right segmental hepatic duct injury (IRSHDI) represents a challenge not only for management but also for diagnosis. We present our experience in the management of IRSHDI, with long-term follow-up after treatment by a multidisciplinary approach. Methods. Twelve consecutive patients (9 women, mean age 48 years) were identified as having IRSHDI. Patients' demographics, clinical presentation, management and outcome were collected for analysis. The mean follow-up was 44 months (range 2-90 months). Results. Three patients had the LC immediately converted to open surgery without repair of the biliary injury before referral. Treatments before referral included endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), percutaneous drainage and surgery, isolated or in combination. The median interval from LC to referral was 32 days. Eleven patients presented with biliary leak and biloma, one with obstruction of an isolated right hepatic segment. Post-referral management of the biliary lesion used a combination of ERCP stenting, percutaneous drainage and stent placement and surgery. In 6 of 12 patients ERCP was the first procedure, and in only one case was IRSHDI identified. In 6 patients, percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) was performed first and an isolated right hepatic segment was demonstrated in all. The final treatment modality was endoscopic management and/or percutaneous drainage and stenting in 6 patients, and surgery in 6. The mean follow-up was 44 months. No mortality or significant morbidity was observed. Conclusion. Successful management of IRSHDI after LC requires adequate identification of the lesion, and multidisciplinary treatment is necessary. Half of the patients can be treated successfully by nonsurgical procedures.
Perini, Rafael F. [Medical University of South Carolina, Division of Gastroenterology (United States); Uflacker, Renan [University of South Carolina, Division of Interventional Radiology (United States)], E-mail: email@example.com; Cunningham, John T. [Medical University of South Carolina, Division of Gastroenterology (United States); Selby, J. Bayne [University of South Carolina, Division of Interventional Radiology (United States); Adams, David [University of South Carolina, Division of GI Surgery (United States)
The first 1000 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) at our institution were reviewed to investigate the impact of previous abdominal surgery on LC. The 454 patients having no previous abdominal surgery (NS) were compared to the 541 patients who had previous surgery (PS). PS patients were older, more likely to be female, and had a higher ASA risk category. PS
B. D. Schirmer; J. Dix; R. E. Schmieg; M. Aguilar; S. Urch
Background: The need to administer antibiotic prophylaxis (ABP) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is still a matter of significant controversy. The purpose of this study was to resolve this issue by performing a meta-analysis of the available randomized controlled trials (RCT) on this topic. Methods: Papers identified via a systematic literature search were evaluated according to standard criteria. Data regarding the
M. Catarci; S. Mancini; P. Gentileschi; C. Camplone; P. Sileri; G. B. Grassi
Background: Elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has a low risk for infective complications, but many surgeons still use prophylactic antibiotics. The use of prophylactic antibiotics for LC is inconsistent and varies widely among surgeons. Methods: We performed a prospective double-blind randomized study of prophylactic antibiotics in elective LC. Antibiotics were was given first before the operation and then again 24 h
M. Koc; B. Zulfikaroglu; C. Kece; N. Ozalp
In the present study, we examined whether preinci- sional treatment with dextromethorphan (DM) pro- vides preemptive analgesia. Ninety patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included. Pa- tients receiving chlorpheniramine maleate (CPM) 20 mg via an IM injection 30 min before skin incision were designated as the control group. Patients in Group A received DM 40 mg (containing CPM 20 mg)
Ching-Tang Wu; Jyh-Cherng Yu; Chun-Chang Yeh; Sy-Tzu Liu; Chi-Yuan Li; Shung-Tai Ho; Chih-Shung Wong
Background: Postoperative pain is a major complaint following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the impact of intraperitoneal hydrocortisone with intraperitoneal bupivacaine on pain relief after laparoscopic cholecystectomy Patients and Methods: In a double blind clinical trial, 63 candidates for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly allocated to receive intraperitoneal instillation of either 100 mg bupivacaine in 250 mL normal saline (n = 32) or 100 mg hydrocortisone in 250 mL normal saline (n = 31) before insufflation of CO2 into the peritoneum for postoperative pain relief. Patients were investigated regarding abdominal and shoulder pain using (visual analog scale) VAS in recovery room and at 6, 12 and 24 hours postoperatively. Patients were also followed regarding postoperative analgesic requirements, nausea and vomiting, and return of bowel function. Results: Sixty patients completed the study. Patients in the hydrocortisone group had no statistically significant abdominal and shoulder pain scores compared to the bupivacaine group. The patients were similar regarding postoperative analgesic requirements, return of bowel function, nausea and vomiting. No adverse effect was detected in either group. Conclusions: Intraperitoneal administration of hydrocortisone is as effective as bupivacaine to reduce pain and analgesic requirements after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:25337471
Amini, Shahram; Sabzi Sarvestani, Amene
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Problems during laparoscopic cholecystectomy include bile duct injury, conversion to open operation, and other postoperative complications. We retrospectively evaluated the causes for conversion and the rate of conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy and assessed the postoperative complications. METHODS: Of 340 patients who presented with symptomatic gall bladder disease over a 2-year period, 290 (85%) patients were evaluated on an elective basis and scheduled for surgery, while the remaining 50 (14.7%) patients were admitted emergently with a diagnosis of acute cholecystitis. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 41.9 (12.6) years. Conversion to laparotomy occurred in 17 patients (5%). The incidence of complications was 3.2%. The most common complication was postoperative transient pyrexia, which was seen in four patients (1.2%) followed by postoperative wound infection in three patients (0.9%), postoperative fluid collection and bile duct injury in two patients each (0.6%). CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy remains the ‘gold standard’ by which all other treatment modalities are judged. Conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy should be based on the sound clinical judgment of the surgeon and not be due to a lack of individual expertise. PMID:20220265
Ghnnam, Wagih; Malek, Jawid; Shebl, Emad; Elbeshry, Turky; Ibrahim, Ahmad
Objective. To compare the clinical safety and outcomes of early laparoscopic cholecystectomy versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. Methods. Pertinent studies were selected from the Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane library databases, references from published articles, and reviews. Seven randomized controlled trials (early laparoscopic cholecystectomy versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy) were selected. Conventional meta-analysis according to Cochrane Collaboration was used for the pooling of the results. Results. Seven trials with 1106 patients were included. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of bile duct injury (Peto odds ratio 0.49 (95% confidence interval 0.05 to 4.72); P = 0.54) or conversion to open cholecystectomy (risk ratio 0.91 (95% confidence interval 0.69 to 1.20); P = 0.50). The total hospital stay was shorter by 4 days for early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (mean difference ?4.12 (95% confidence interval ?5.22 to ?3.03) days; P < 0.00001). Conclusion. Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy during acute cholecystitis is safe and shortens the total hospital stay. PMID:25133217
Zhou, Min-Wei; Gu, Xiao-Dong; Xiang, Jian-Bin; Chen, Zong-You
Background In patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis, laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the standard method of treatment. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has a low rate of postoperative infections probably owing to smaller wounds and minimal tissue damage compared with the open procedure. Objectives This study assessed the effect of cefazolin prophylaxis on postoperative infection in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Additionally, we determined the risk factors of cases with postoperative infection. Patients and Methods A total of 753 patients were enrolled in the study. Among these, 206 were excluded from the study. As a result, 547 patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis who underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were selected for this prospective study. Patients were randomized consecutively and divided into 2 groups: patients in the cefazolin (CEF) group (n = 278) received 1 g of cefazolin and those in the control group (n = 269) received 10 mL of isotonic sodium chloride solution. Patient characteristics and overall surgical outcomes were compared between the groups. All patients were followed for development of postoperative infections. Results Postoperative infections occurred in 4 patients in the CEF group and in 2 patients in the control group; no significant difference existed in this regard(P = .44). Risk of infection increased in patients with previous cholecystitis and/or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (P < 0.001), patients with ruptured gallbladders, and patients for whom a suction drain was used (respectively, P < 0.001 and P < 0.001). Conclusions No correlation existed between cefazolin prophylaxis and postoperative infections in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients. There may be an increased risk of infection in patients with previous cholecystitis or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. In addition, there was an increased risk of postoperative infection in patients with gallbladder rupture and suction drain use. PMID:24396577
Turk, Emin; Karagulle, Erdal; Serefhanoglu, Kivanc; Turan, Hale; Moray, Gokhan
Imprecise dissection due to poor visualization of anatomic structures is among the major causes of biliary injuries during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Developing new illustrational and rendering techniques represents an important part in decreasing visual deception and subsequent bile duct injuries. We use the model of one of the most well-known pieces of art, Rodin's The Thinker, to visualize the gallbladder and cystic pedicle structures. This minimizes visual deception before dissection, especially in cases with obscured structures. Our method, raising The Thinker, is based on the remarkable similarity between the sculpture and the topographic anatomy of the gallbladder. The method can be used not only for better orientation and visualization during laparoscopic cholecystectomy but also as a tool to complement the teaching of laparoscopic biliary anatomy to surgical residents and medical students. PMID:22184309
Neychev, Vladimir; Saldinger, Pierre F
The pre and postoperative symptoms and outcome after surgery in patients with symptomatic gall stone disease were evaluated by a detailed self administered postal questionnaire. The survey was conducted in two groups: 80 patients treated by laparoscopic cholecystectomy and an age matched cohort of patients who had conventional open cholecystectomy. The overall response rate on which the data were calculated
G C Vander Velpen; S M Shimi; A Cuschieri
INTRODUCTION Situs inversus totalis is a rare anomaly characterized by transposition of organs to the opposite site of the body. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in those patients is technically more demanding and needs reorientation of visual-motor skills to left upper quadrant. PRESENTATION OF CASE Herein, we report a 10 year old boy presented with left hypochondrium and epigastric pain 2 months duration. The patient had not been diagnosed as situs inversus totalis before. The patient exhibit a left sided “Murphy's sign”. Diagnosis of situs inversus totalis was confirmed with ultrasound, computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonant image (MRI) with presence of multiple gall bladder stones with no intra or extrabiliary duct dilatation. The patient underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis. DISCUSSION Feasibility and technical difficulty in diagnosis and treatment of such case pose challenge problem due to the contra lateral disposition of the viscera. Difficulty is encountered in skelatonizing the structures in Calot's triangle, which consume extra time than normally located gall bladder. A summary of additional 50 similar cases reported up to date in the medical literature is also presented. CONCLUSION Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is feasible and should be done in situs inversus totalis by experienced laparoscopic surgeon, as changes in anatomical disposition of organ not only influence the localization of symptoms and signs arising from a diseased organ but also imposes special demands on the diagnosis and surgical skills of the surgeon. PMID:23810920
Salama, Ibrahim Abdelkader; Abdullah, Mohammed Hussein; Houseni, Mohammed
The aim of this study was to describe three cases of major vascular injuries after laparoscopic cholecystectomy depicted on magnetic resonance (MR) examination. Three female patients (mean age, 32 years; range, 22-39 years) were studied with clinical suspicion of bilio-vascular injuries after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. All MR examinations were performed within 24 h after the laparoscopic procedure. MR imaging was evaluated for major vascular injuries involving the arterial and portal venous system, for bile duct discontinuity, presence or absence of biliary dilation, stricture, excision injury, free fluid and collections. In the first patient, a type-IV Bismuth injury with associated intrahepatic bile ducts dilation was observed. Contrast-enhanced MR revealed lack of enhancement in the right hepatic lobe due to occlusion of the right hepatic artery and the right portal branch. This patient underwent right hepatectomy with hepatico-jejunostomy. In the other two cases, no visualization of the right hepatic artery and the right portal branch was observed on MR angiography. In the first case, the patient underwent right hepatectomy; in the second case, because of stable liver condition, the patient was managed conservatively. MR imaging combined with MR angiography and MR cholangiography can be performed emergently in patients with suspicion of bilio-vascular injury after laparoscopic cholecystectomy allowing the simultaneous evaluation of the biliary tree and the hepatic vascular supply that is essential for adequate treatment planning. PMID:17497189
Ragozzino, Alfonso; Lassandro, Francesco; De Ritis, Rosaria; Imbriaco, Massimo
Background and Objectives: Our aim was to determine whether the SimPraxis™ Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Trainer is an effective adjunct for training both junior and senior surgical residents. Methods: During the 2009–2010 academic year, 20 of 27 surgical residents at our institution completed training with the SimPraxis Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Trainer. These 20 residents took an identical 25-question pre- and posttest prepared in-house by a senior laparoscopic surgeon, based on the SimPraxis Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy program content. Included within the SimPraxis program is a multiple data point scoring system. For our reporting purposes, we divided the residents into 2 groups, junior (PGY 1-2; n=11) and senior (PGY 3-5; n=9). Results: The junior residents demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in their post-test scores (P=.001). On the contrary, the senior residents showed nonstatistically significant minor improvement in their examination scores (P=.09). While, the pretest scores were significantly higher for the senior residents compared with the junior residents (P=.003), the post-test scores were nonsignificantly different between the senior vs. the junior residents (P=.07). There was no significant difference between the time it took junior and senior residents to complete the SimPraxis program. Conclusion: Our data demonstrate that junior residents benefitted the most from the SimPraxis training program. Requiring junior surgical residents to complete both skills and cognitive training programs may be an effective adjunct in preparation for participation in laparoscopic cholecystectomy procedures. PMID:23477164
Gamarra, Aldo; Azab, Basem; Bloom, Scott W.; Widmann, Warren D.
Objective: A single institution retrospective analysis of 200 patients with major bile duct injuries was completed. Three patients died without surgery due to uncontrolled sepsis. One hundred seventy-five patients underwent surgical repair, with a 1.7% postoperative mortality and a complication rate of 42.9%. Summary Background Data: The widespread application of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has led to a rise in the incidence of major bile duct injuries (BDI). Despite the frequency of these injuries and their complex management, the published literature contains few substantial reports regarding the perioperative management of BDI. Methods: From January 1990 to April 2003, a prospective database of all patients with a BDI following LC was maintained. Patients’ charts were retrospectively reviewed to analyze perioperative surgical management. Results: Over 13 years, 200 patients were treated for a major BDI following LC. Patient demographics were notable for 150 women (75%) with a mean age of 45.5 years (median 44 years). One hundred eighty-eight sustained their BDI at an outside hospital. The mean interval from the time of BDI to referral was 29.1 weeks (median 3 weeks). One hundred nine patients (58%) were referred within 1 month of their injury for acute complications including bile leak, biloma, or jaundice. Twenty-five patients did not undergo a surgical repair at our institution. Three patients (1.5%) died after delayed referral before an attempt at repair due to uncontrolled sepsis. Twenty-two patients, having intact biliary-enteric continuity, underwent successful balloon dilatation of an anastomotic stricture. A total of 175 patients underwent definitive biliary reconstruction, including 172 hepaticojejunostomies (98%) and 3 end-to-end repairs. There were 3 deaths in the postoperative period (1.7%). Seventy-five patients (42.9%) sustained at least 1 postoperative complication. The most common complications were wound infection (8%), cholangitis (5.7%), and intraabdominal abscess/biloma (2.9%). Minor biliary stent complications occurred in 5.7% of patients. Early postoperative cholangiography revealed an anastomotic leak in 4.6% of patients and extravasation at the liver dome-stent exit site in 10.3% of patients. Postoperative interventions included percutaneous abscess drainage in 9 patients (5.1%) and new percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography and stent placement in 4 patients (2.3%). No patient required reoperation in the postoperative period. The mean postoperative length of stay was 9.5 days (median 9 days). The timing of operation (early, intermediate, delayed), presenting symptoms, and history of prior repair did not affect the incidence of the most common perioperative complications or length of postoperative hospital stay. Conclusions: This series represents the largest single institution experience reporting the perioperative management of BDI following LC. Although perioperative complications are frequent, nearly all can be managed nonoperatively. Early referral to a tertiary care center with experienced hepatobiliary surgeons and skilled interventional radiologists would appear to be necessary to assure optimal results. PMID:15849514
Sicklick, Jason K.; Camp, Melissa S.; Lillemoe, Keith D.; Melton, Genevieve B.; Yeo, Charles J.; Campbell, Kurtis A.; Talamini, Mark A.; Pitt, Henry A.; Coleman, JoAnn; Sauter, Patricia A.; Cameron, John L.
Background Recent reviews of the literature have concluded that additional, well-defined studies are required to clarify the superiority\\u000a of laparoscopic or open surgery. This paper presents precise estimates of nosocomial infection risks associated with laparoscopic\\u000a as compared to open surgery in three procedures: cholecystectomy, appendectomy, and hysterectomy.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on 11,662 admissions from 22 hospitals that have a
Andrew Brill; Kathakali Ghosh; Candace Gunnarsson; John Rizzo; Terrence Fullum; Craig Maxey; Stephen Brossette
Background: The aim of our work was to evaluate the predictive value of MR cholangiography (MRC) in detecting CBD stones before laparoscopic\\u000a surgical treatment.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: MRC was performed as a unique preoperative imaging modality in 45 selected patients (16 male; 29 female; age range: 28–72;\\u000a mean age: 54.4) before laparoscopic cholecystectomy. MRC imaging was obtained with a 3D Turbo Spin-Echo
P. Pavone; A. Laghi; D. Lomanto; F. Fiocca; V. Panebianco; C. Catalano; P. Mazzocchi; R. Passariello
AIM: To investigate the anatomic variations in the cystic artery by laparoscopy, and to provide a new classification system for the guidance of laparoscopic surgeons. METHODS: Six hundred patients treated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy from June 2005 to May 2006 were studied retrospectively. The laparoscope of 30? (Stryker, American) was applied. Anatomic structures of cystic artery and conditions of Calot's triangle under laparoscope were recorded respectively. RESULTS: Laparoscopy has revealed there are many anatomic variations of the cystic artery that occur frequently. Based on our experience with 600 laparoscopic cholecystectomies, we present a new classification of anatomic variations of the cystic artery, which can be divided into three groups: (1) Calot's triangle type, found in 513 patients (85.5%); (2) outside Calot's triangle, found in 78 patients (13%); (3) compound type, observed in 9 patients (1.5%). CONCLUSION: Our classification of the anatomic variations of the cystic artery will be useful for decreasing uncontrollable cystic artery hemorrhage, and avoiding extrahepatic bile duct injury. PMID:17948938
Ding, You-Ming; Wang, Bin; Wang, Wei-Xing; Wang, Ping; Yan, Ji-Shen
Summary The operative treatment of 356 consecutive patients with gallstone related disease who presented in the thirty months following\\u000a the introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy was reviewed. A standard questionnaire, with emphasis on total hospital stay\\u000a (including convalescence), late post-operative morbidity and time to return to work\\/full activity was sent to all patients.\\u000a Two hundred and ninety-eight patients responded (83%). The median
P. Kent; C. A. Bannon; O. Beausang; P. R. O’Connell; T. P. Corrigan; T. F. Gorey
The present study was designed to investigate whether the administration of antimicrobial agents before laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is more effective for prevention of postoperative infection. During the period from January 1991 to September 2001, 397 patients treated with sulbactam\\/cefoperazone (SBT\\/CPZ) for prevention of postoperative infection were studied: 200 patients received SBT\\/CPZ 1 hr before LC, and 197 patients were not
Kazuhisa Uchiyama; Manabu Kawai; Hironobu Onishi; Masaji Tani; Hiroyuki Kinoshita; Masaki Ueno; Hiroki Yamaue
Background: Gallbladder perforation during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) with spillage of bile and gallstones occurs in a substantial\\u000a number of patients (up to 40%). Most surgeons believe that free intraperitoneal stones are not a justification for conversion\\u000a to laparotomy even if a large number of stones are left in situ. There are, however, a number of reports demonstrating that, on occasion,
M. A. Memon; R. K. Deeik; T. R. Maffi
Background:The purpose of this study was to compare the functional utility of intraoperative ultrasonography (IOUS) and cholangiography (IOC) during a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for the treatment of gallstone disease.Study Design:A prospective study comparing IOUS and IOC was carried out in 65 patients. Intraoperative ultrasonography was conducted first using a 7.5-MHz linear array probe. After IOUS, IOC was then conducted in all
Tetsuya Ohtani; Chihiro Kawai; Yoshio Shirai; Kazutake Kawakami; Keisuke Yoshida; Katsuyoshi Hatakeyama
Purpose: The standard laryngeal mask airway LMA-Classic was designed as an alternative to the endotracheal tube (ETT) or the face\\u000a mask for use with either spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation. Positive pressure ventilation may exploit leaks around\\u000a the LMA cuff, leading to gastric distension and\\/or inadequate ventilation. We compared gastric distension and ventilation\\u000a parameters with LMAvs ETT during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
J. Roger Maltby; Michael T. Beriault; Neil. C. Watson; Gordon H. Fick
Background Several methods are performed to control the pain after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Recently, the transverse abdominis plane block has been proposed to compensate for the problems developed by preexisting methods. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of the ultrasound-guided transverse abdominis plane block (US-TAP block) and compare efficacy according to the concentration of local analgesics in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods Fifty-four patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomized into three groups. The patients in Group Control did not receive the US-TAP block. The patients in Group B0.25 and Group B0.5 received the US-TAP block with 0.25% and 0.5% levobupivacaine 30 ml respectively. After the general anesthesia, a bilateral US-TAP block was performed using an in-plane technique with 15 ml levobupivacaine on each side. Intraoperative use of remifentanil and postoperative demand of rescue analgesics in PACU were recorded. The postoperative verbal numerical rating scale (VNRS) was evaluated at 20, 30, and 60 min, and 6, 12, and 24 hr. Postoperative complications, including pneumoperitoneum, bleeding, infection, and sleep disturbance, were also checked. Results The intraoperative use of remifentanil, postoperative VNRS and the postoperative demand of rescue analgesics were lower in the groups receiving the US-TAP block (Group B0.25 and Group B0.5) than Group Control. There were no statistically or clinically significant differences between Group B0.25 and Group B0.5. No complications related to the US-TAP block were observed. Conclusions The US-TAP block with 0.25% or 0.5% levobupivacaine 30 ml (15 ml on each side) significantly reduced postoperative pain in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:20508793
Ra, Yoon Suk; Lee, Guie Yong; Han, Jong In
Current literature suggests that early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for acute cholecystitis (AC) can be safely performed\\u000a within 72 h of symptom onset. However, for various reasons, in clinical practice, fibrosed gallbladders are frequently encountered\\u000a during early LC for AC. The subserosal layer of the gallbladder wall can be divided into an inner and an outer layer. The\\u000a inner layer has
Goro Honda; Tomohiro Iwanaga; Masanao Kurata
Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy became the standard surgery for gallstone disease because of causing less postoperative pain, respiratory compromise and early ambulation. Objective: This study was designed to compare spinal anesthesia, (segmental thoracic or conventional lumbar) vs the gold standard general anesthesia as three anesthetic techniques for healthy patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy, evaluating intraoperative parameters, postoperative recovery and analgesia, complications as well as patient and surgeon satisfaction. Materials and Methods: A total of 90 patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy, between January 2010 and May 2011, were randomized into three equal groups to undergo laparoscopic cholecystectomy with low-pressure CO2 pneumoperitoneum under segmental thoracic (TSA group) or conventional lumbar (LSA group) spinal anesthesia or general anesthesia (GA group). To achieve a T3 sensory level we used (hyperbaric bupivacaine 15 mg, and fentanyl 25 mg at L2/L3) for LSAgroup, and (hyperbaric bupivacaine 7.5 mg, and fentanyl 25 mg at T10/T11) for TSAgroup. Propofol, fentanyl, atracurium, sevoflurane, and tracheal intubation were used for GA group. Intraoperative parameters, postoperative recovery and analgesia, complications as well as patient and surgeon satisfaction were compared between the three groups. Results: All procedures were completed laparoscopically by the allocated method of anesthesia with no anesthetic conversions. The time for the blockade to reach T3 level, intraoperative hypotensive and bradycardic events and vasopressor use were significantly lower in (TSA group) than in (LSA group). Postoperative pain scores as assessed throughout any time, postoperative right shoulder pain and hospital stay was lower for both (TSA group) and (LSA group) compared with (GA group). The higher degree of patients satisfaction scores were recorded in patients under segmental TSA. Conclusion: The present study not only confirmed that both segmental TSA and conventional lumber spinal anesthesia (LSA) are safe and good alternatives to general anesthesia (GA) in healthy patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy but also showed better postoperative pain control of both spinal techniques when compared with general anesthesia. Segmental TSA provides better hemodynamic stability, lesser vasopressor use and early ambulation and discharge with higher degree of patient satisfaction making it excellent for day case surgery compared with conventional lumbar spinal anesthesia.
Yousef, Gamal T.; Lasheen, Ahmed E.
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding has been increasingly performed since its introduction in 1990. Situs inversus totalis is a rare anomaly in which transposition of organs to the opposite side of the body occurs. Laparoscopic gastric banding in such few patients has been reported in the literature. We discuss a super-obese patient with situs inversus totalis and asymptomatic cholelithiasis who previously underwent endoscopic intragastric balloon placement in preparation for bariatric surgery. Afterwards, laparoscopic cholecystectomy and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding were performed in the same session. Special attention is paid to the literature review and the mirror-image modification of the laparoscopic cholecystectomy and laparoscopic gastric banding procedures. With preoperative assessment, modifications in the surgical team, and equipment, the operation can be performed safely. PMID:18841426
Taskin, Mustafa; Zengin, Kagan; Ozben, Volkan
Health care costs are rising rapidly, and surgeons can play a role in limiting costs of operations. Of the 600,000 cholecystectomies performed each year in the United States, approximately 80% are performed with laparoscopic technique. The purpose of this study was to compare the costs of reusable vs disposable instruments used during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The costs to the hospital of reusable and disposable instruments were obtained. Instruments studied were the Veress needle, trocars and sleeves (two 10 mm and two 5 mm), reducers, clip appliers, and clips. In addition, the costs of sterilization and sharpening for reusable instruments were calculated. The cost of reusable instruments was based on an assumed instrument life of 100 cases. Data from three private hospitals and a Canadian university hospital were collected and examined. Data from the four hospitals revealed that the costs of reusable instruments per case were $46.92-$50.67. The comparable costs for disposable instruments were $330.00-$460.00 per case. Theoretical advantages of disposable instruments such as safety, sterility, and better efficiency are not borne out in literature review. In addition, the environmental impact of increased refuse from disposable instruments could not be exactly defined. With the consideration of significant cost savings and the absence of data demonstrating disadvantages of their use, reusable instruments for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, are strongly recommended. PMID:8153862
Apelgren, K N; Blank, M L; Slomski, C A; Hadjis, N S
Objective To evaluate the efficacy of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Design A prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Setting A university hospital. Patients Fifty-two patients with cholelithiasis but without known allergy to one of the study drugs, history of bleeding, peptic ulcer disease, known cardiac, lung or renal disease, abnormal liver function or use of opiates or NSAIDs within 2 weeks before operation. Patients were assigned to one of three groups, and treatment was randomized by placing the drugs in sealed, numbered envelopes. Intervention Administration of the NSAIDs ketorolac, intramuscularly, or indomethacin, rectally, before laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Main Outcome Measures Postoperative pain scored on a visual analogue scale and by nurse assessment, total dose of fentanyl citrate given, and nausea or emesis. Results Patients in the placebo group reported significantly more pain than either NSAID group (p < 0.05) and were reported as having significantly more pain by the nurses (p < 0.05). These patients were subsequently treated with a higher mean postoperative dose of fentanyl citrate than either NSAID group (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the placebo group reported more nausea and emesis (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in any of the parameters measured between the ketorolac or indomethacin group. Conclusions The data demonstrate that the NSAIDs ketolorac and indomethacin, administered preoperatively, decrease early postoperative pain and nausea after laparoscopic cholecystectomy and are equally efficacious in producing these results. PMID:8599787
Forse, Allan; El-Beheiry, Hossam; Butler, Patrick O.; Pace, Ronald F.
Introduction. Aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed by residents. Materials and Methods. We retrospectively reviewed 569 elective laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Results. Duration of surgery was 84 ± 39 min for residents versus??66 ± 47?min for staff surgeons, P < 0.001. Rate of conversion was 3.2% for residents versus 2.7% for staff surgeons, P = 0.7. There was no difference in the rates of intraoperative and postoperative complications for residents (1.2% and 3.2%) versus staff surgeons (1.5% and 3.1%), P = 0.7 and P = 0.9. Postoperative hospital stay was 3.3 ± 1.8 days for residents versus??3.4 ± 3.2 days for staff surgeons, P = 0.6. One death in patients operated by residents (1/246) and one in patients operated by staff surgeons (1/323) were found, P = 0.8. No difference in the time to return to normal daily activities between residents (11.3 ± 4.2 days) and staff surgeons (10.8 ± 5.6 days) was found, P = 0.2. Shorter duration of surgery when operating the senior residents (75 ± 31 minutes) than the junior residents (87 ± 27 minutes), P = 0.003. Conclusion. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed by residents is a safe procedure with results comparable to those of staff surgeons. PMID:25379566
Fontana, Stefano; Zetti, Giorgio; Cortese, Ferdinando
We report two cases of marked hypercapnia of more than 60 mm Hg (PaCO2) and extensive subcutaneous emphysema noted during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The first case, a 55-year-old man was diagnosed as having cholecystolithiasis and had hypercapnia up to 83.5 mm Hg (PaCO2) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The patient resumed spontaneous respiration under controlled ventilation accompanied by persistent bigeminal pulse. Soon after deflation, CO2 returned to normal range, and extensive subcutaneous emphysema was detected in the recovery room. The second patient, a 53-year-old woman, had cholecystolithiasis and also underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Both hypercapnia rising to 61.1 mm Hg (PaCO2) and extensive subcutaneous emphysema appeared just before completion of resection of the gallbladder. Mild hypercapnia during pneumoperitoneum of about 50 mm Hg (PaCO2) has been reported previously. As compared with cases in the literature, the present cases suggest that hypercapnia is due to extensive subcutaneous emphysema. The large absorption surface area in the subcutaneous tissue and the large difference in the partial pressure cause the extensive gaseous interchange of CO2 between subcutaneous tissue and blood perfusing into it at the moment between peritoneal cavity and blood perfused the peritoneum. PMID:7633643
Abe, H; Bandai, Y; Ohtomo, Y; Shimomura, K; Nayeem, S A; Idezuki, Y
Objective: To compare spinal anesthesia with the gold standard general anesthesia for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy in healthy patients. Materials and Methods: Controlled, prospective, randomized trial of 60 patients with symptomatic gallstone disease and American Society of Anesthesiologists status I or II were operated for laparoscopic cholecystectomy under spinal (n=30) or general (n=30) anesthesia between the academic years March 2009 and July 2010. Results: All the procedures were completed by the allocated method of anesthesia, as there were no conversions from spinal to general anesthesia. Pain was significantly less at 4 hours (P<0.0001), 8 hours (P<0.0001), 12 hours (P<0.0001), and 24 hours (P=0.0001) after the procedure for the spinal anesthesia group, compared with those who received general anesthesia. There was no difference between the two groups regarding complications, hospital stay, recovery, or degree of satisfaction at follow-up. Conclusions: Spinal anesthesia is adequate and safe for laparoscopic cholecystectomy in otherwise healthy patients and offers better postoperative pain control than general anesthesia without limiting the recovery.
Mehta, Purvi J.; Chavda, Hiral R.; Wadhwana, Ankit P.; Porecha, Mehul M.
Background The role of a robotic assistant in laparoscopic cholecystectomy is controversial. While some trials have shown distinct advantages of a robotic assistant over a human assistant others have not, and it is unclear which robotic assistant is best. Objectives The aims of this review are to assess the benefits and harms of a robot assistant versus human assistant or versus another robot assistant in laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and to assess whether the robot can substitute the human assistant. Search methods We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Science Citation Index Expanded (until February 2012) for identifying the randomised clinical trials. Selection criteria Only randomised clinical trials (irrespective of language, blinding, or publication status) comparing robot assistants versus human assistants in laparoscopic cholecystectomy were considered for the review. Randomised clinical trials comparing different types of robot assistants were also considered for the review. Data collection and analysis Two authors independently identified the trials for inclusion and independently extracted the data. We calculated the risk ratio (RR) or mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) using the fixed-effect and the random-effects models based on intention- to-treat analysis, when possible, using Review Manager 5. Main results We included six trials with 560 patients. One trial involving 129 patients did not state the number of patients randomised to the two groups. In the remaining five trials 431 patients were randomised, 212 to the robot assistant group and 219 to the human assistant group. All the trials were at high risk of bias. Mortality and morbidity were reported in only one trial with 40 patients. There was no mortality or morbidity in either group. Mortality and morbidity were not reported in the remaining trials. Quality of life or the proportion of patients who were discharged as day-patient laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients were not reported in any trial. There was no significant difference in the proportion of patients who required conversion to open cholecystectomy (2 trials; 4/63 (weighted proportion 6.4%) in the robot assistant group versus 5/70 (7.1%) in the human assistant group; RR 0.90; 95% CI 0.25 to 3.20). There was no significant difference in the operating time between the two groups (4 trials; 324 patients; MD 5.00 minutes; 95% CI ?0.55 to 10.54). In one trial, about one sixth of the laparoscopic cholecystectomies in which a robot assistant was used required temporary use of a human assistant. In another trial, there was no requirement for human assistants. One trial did not report this information. It appears that there was little or no requirement for human assistants in the other three trials. There were no randomised trials comparing one type of robot versus another type of robot. Authors’ conclusions Robot assisted laparoscopic cholecystectomy does not seem to offer any significant advantages over human assisted laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, all trials had a high risk of systematic errors or bias (that is, risk of overestimation of benefit and underestimation of harm). All trials were small, with few or no outcomes. Hence, the risk of random errors (that is, play of chance) is high. Further randomised trials with low risk of bias or random errors are needed. PMID:22972093
Gurusamy, Kurinchi Selvan; Samraj, Kumarakrishnan; Fusai, Giuseppe; Davidson, Brian R
Introduction: There has been no report on Single-Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS) cholecystectomy outcomes since it was first performed in the Anglophone Caribbean in 2009. Methods: A retrospective audit evaluated the clinical outcomes of SILS cholecystectomies at regional hospitals in the 17 Anglophone Caribbean countries. Any cholecystectomy using a laparoscopic approach in which all instruments were passed through one access incision was considered a SILS cholecystectomy. The following data were collected: patient demographics, indications for operation, intraoperative details, surgeon details, surgical techniques, specialized equipment, conversions, morbidity and mortality. Descriptive statistics were generated using SPSS 12.0. Results: There were 85 SILS cholecystectomies in women at a mean age of 37.4 ± 8.5 years with a mean BMI of 30.9 ± 2.8. There were 59 elective and 26 emergent cases. Specialized access platforms were used in the first 35 cases and reusable instruments were passed directly across fascia in the latter 50 cases. The mean operative time was 62.9 ± 17.9 minutes. There was no mortality, 2 conversions to multi-trocar laparoscopy and 5 minor complications. Ambulatory procedures were performed in 43/71 (60.6%) patients scheduled for elective operations. Conclusion: In the Caribbean setting, SILS cholecystectomy is a feasible and safe alternative to conventional multi-trocar laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallbladder disease.
Cawich, Shamir O.; Albert, Matthew; Singh, Yardesh; Dan, Dilip; Mohanty, Sanjib; Walrond, Maurice; Francis, Wesley; Simpson, Lindberg K.; Bonadie, Kimon O.; Dapri, Giovanni
Introduction: Carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum (PP) for laparoscopic surgery increases arterial pressure, heart rate, and systemic vascular resistance. In this randomized, double blind, prospective clinical study; we investigated the efficacy of magnesium sulfate to prevent adverse hemodynamic response associated with PP in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Materials and Methods: Sixty patients, of either sex (18-65 years of age), undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly allocated in one of the two groups containing 30 patients each. Group M received magnesium sulfate 30 mg/kg intravenously as a bolus before PP. Group C received same volume of 0.9% saline. Results: Mean arterial pressure and heart rate were significantly less throughout the period of pneumoperitoneum in patients of group M. Intravenous labetalol was required in 40% (12 out of 30) of the patients in group C to control intraoperative hypertension and it was clinically significant in comparison to group M. Conclusion: Magnesium sulfate administered before PP attenuates adverse hemodynamic response and provides hemodynamic stability during PP created for laparoscopic surgery.
Paul, Suhrita; Biswas, Pabitra; Bhattacharjee, Dhurjoti Prosad; Sengupta, Janmejoy
Background Haptics is an expensive addition to virtual reality (VR) simulators, and the added value to training has not been proven.\\u000a This study evaluated the benefit of haptics in VR laparoscopic surgery training for novices.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods The Simbionix LapMentor II haptic VR simulator was used in the study. Randomly, 33 laparoscopic novice students were placed\\u000a in one of three groups: control, haptics-trained,
Jonathan R. Thompson; Anthony C. Leonard; Charles R. Doarn; Matt J. Roesch; Timothy J. Broderick
INTRODUCTION Ectopic hepatic tissue is due to an uncommon failure of embryological liver development that is rarely described in the world medical literature. The incidence of ectopic liver (EL) has been reported to be anywhere from 0.24% to 0.47% as diagnosed at laparotomy or laparoscopy. We describe a case of EL adherent to the gallbladder, removed at laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 37-year-old female was admitted for elective cholecystectomy having had an episode of acute cholecystitis provoked by gallstones. During the procedure, a 30 mm × 10 mm × 5 mm section of EL tissue attached to the anterior wall of the gallbladder was identified and removed by en-bloc excision during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Histological examination confirmed the absence of malignant degeneration of the hepatic tissue. The patient recovered well postoperatively and was discharged the day after the operation. She was well when seen six months later. DISCUSSION EL has been reported in several sites, such as the gallbladder, gastrohepatic ligament, adrenal glands, esophagus, and thoracic cavity. EL is often clinically silent and discovered incidentally during abdominal surgical procedures or autopsies. Because patients with ectopic liver may suffer complications such as torsion, peritoneal bleeding, fatty change, and evolution to cirrhosis or malignant degeneration to hepatocellular carcinoma, any ectopic liver tissue needs to be correctly identified and removed. CONCLUSION Despite the rare occurrence of EL, it should be recognized and removed by the surgeon to prevent a higher risk of complications and malignant transformation. PMID:23399516
Martinez, Carlos Augusto Real; de Resende, Herminio Cabral; Rodrigues, Murilo Rocha; Sato, Daniela Tiemi; Brunialti, Cyntia Viegas; Palma, Rogerio Tadeu
A laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be technically challenging with co-existing portal hypertension, as commonly seen with cirrhosis of the liver. Extra hepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) although less common, is a significant cause of portal hypertension in India. EHPVO has a unique clinical profile, which differentiates it from portal hypertension associated with cirrhosis of the liver. This impacts therapy in EHPVO algorithmically and operatively. We report two cases of symptomatic gall stones with portal cavernoma. Further evaluation revealed non-obstructive portal biliopathy. Both underwent a successful laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We highlight the importance of careful operative strategy, diligent haemostasis and the feasibility of performing a laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with symptomatic gall stones associated with a portal cavernoma. PMID:25013336
Bhatia, Parveen; John, Suviraj; Kalhan, Sudhir; Khetan, Mukund
The safety of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in patients ?65 years of age requires further investigation of postoperative outcomes before it becomes more widely accepted as a safe technique. The advantages of using LC versus open cholecystectomy (OC) in elderly patients were analyzed using propensity score matching. The demographics, cholecystitis severity, comorbidities, complications, and admission and discharge Barthel Index (BI) scores of patients with benign gallbladder diseases were analyzed. Outcomes were analyzed by age, length of stay (LOS), total charges (TCs), BI improvement, and postoperative complications. OC, which was indicated in severe disease cases, increased hospital resource use and caused more complications than LC, but did not improve BI. Advanced age and OC resulted in greater LOS and TCs and was the best indicator of BI deterioration. Whenever possible, surgeons should use LC in elderly patients to minimize postoperative complications and allow them to regain a good quality of life. PMID:21234395
Kuwabara, Kazuaki; Matsuda, Shinya; Ishikawa, Koichi Benjamin; Horiguchi, Hiromasa; Fujimori, Kenji
INTRODUCTION Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is considered to be the gold standard surgical procedure for cholelithiasis and is one of the commonest surgical procedures in the world today. However, in rare cases of previously undiagnosed situs inversus totalis (with dextrocardia), the presentation of the cholecystitis, its diagnosis and the operative procedure can pose problems. We present here one such case and discuss how the diagnosis was made and difficulties encountered during surgery and how they were coped with. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 35 year old female presented with left hypochondrium pain and dyspepsia, for 2 years. A diagnosis of cholelithiasis with situs inversus was confirmed after thorough clinical examination, abdominal and chest X-rays and ultrasonography of the abdomen. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which is the standard treatment, was performed with numerous modifications in the positioning of the monitor, insufflator, ports and the position of the members of the surgical team and the laparoscopic instruments. The patient had an uneventful recovery. DISCUSSION Situs inversus totalis is itself a rare condition and when associated with cholelithiasis poses a challenge in the management of the condition. We must appreciate the necessity of setting up the operating theatre, the positioning of the ports, the surgical team and the instruments. CONCLUSION Therefore, it becomes important for the right handed surgeons to modify their techniques and establish a proper hand eye coordination to adapt to the mirror image anatomy of the Calot's triangle in a patient of situs inversus totalis. PMID:23816750
Arya, S.V.; Das, Anupam; Singh, Sunil; Kalwaniya, Dheer Singh; Sharma, Ashok; Thukral, B.B.
Aim: The aim of this paper is to study the outcome of day case laparoscopic cholecystectomy (DCLC) in children. Materials and Methods: A clinical pathway for day care laparoscopic cholecystectomy was followed with emphasis on the analgesia, post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV), feeding, mobilization, pain scoring and patient satisfaction. Demographic and clinical data were recorded prospectively from March 2013 to November 2013. The setup allowed easy access to an overnight stay if needed. Hospital stay, complications, the need for medical advice after discharge, convalescence and patients satisfaction were analyzed. Results: We admitted 11 children with symptomatic cholelithiasis for day case laparoscopic surgery. There were no intra- or post-operative complications. The incidence of PONV was 0/11. There was no readmission. 4/11 patients complained of shoulder tip pain on follow-up next day. There was no overnight stay. Conclusions: Adoption of a DCLC pathway is feasible and safe for children. Emphasis on adequate pain management and avoidance of PONV results in a high rate of day case surgery equivalent to that achieved in adult practice. PMID:24741206
Agarwal, Prakash; Bagdi, Raj Kishore
Background The pathological boundary of acute cholecystitis (AC) between early edematous and late chronic fibrotic inflammation beyond 72 h is well-described. Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (ELC) is safe in AC but the timing still remains controversial. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of the duration of symptoms on clinical severity, pathology and outcome in patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for AC during the urgent admission. Methods A retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database of 61 patients who underwent LC for AC over a 6-month period was performed. Results Of 61 patients 21 (34.43%) received ELC at <72 h and 40 (65.57%) received late LC (LLC) at >72 h. Clinically in the ELC group the majority were mild and in the LLC group the majority were moderate and severe in severity grading as per Tokyo guidelines (P<0.001). Surgical findings and histopathology showed no significant difference in the distribution of simple, phlegmonous and gangrenous cholecystitis between both groups (P=0.94). The majority were completed by a standard four port technique and only one required subtotal cholecystectomy. There was no significant difference between operating time, return to normal activities or hospital stay between both groups. There were no conversions to open cholecystectomy, no wound infections, no intra-abdominal collections, no biliary tract injury or mortality in either group. Conclusions The degree of inflammatory change in AC is not dependent on time. LC can be safely performed in AC regardless of timing with a standardized surgical strategy in experienced units. PMID:24714318
Gomes, Rachel M.; Mehta, Niraj T.; Varik, Vanesha; Doctor, Nilesh H.
Purpose The aim of our study was to compare single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) and conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC) with respect to clinical outcomes. Methods Patients with less than a 28 body mass index (BMI) and a benign gall bladder disease were enrolled in this study. From January 2011 to February 2012, 30 consecutive patients who underwent SILC were compared with 30 patients who underwent CLC during the same period. In this study, all operations were performed by one surgeon. In each group, patient characteristics and perioperative data were collected. Results There was no significant difference in the preoperative characteristics. There was no significant difference in the postoperative laboratory result (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and alanine aminotransferase), number of conversion and complication cases, and length of hospital stay. The operation time was significantly longer in the SILC group (78.5 ± 17.8 minutes in SILC group vs. 34.9 ± 5.75 minutes in CLC group, P < 0.0001). The total nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug usage during perioperative period showed significantly higher in SILC groups (162 ± 51 mg in the SILC group vs. 138 ± 30 mg in the CLC group), but there was no statistically significant difference in opioid usage between two groups. The postoperative pain score was significantly higher in the SILC group at second, third, and tenth postoperative day. Satisfaction of postoperative wound showed superiority in SILC group. Conclusion SILC seems to be an acceptable alternative to CLC with acceptable results. However, it is not enough to propose any real benefits of SILC when compared with CLC in terms of operation time and postoperative pain. PMID:23230556
Jung, Gum O; Park, Dong Eun
Determining the most appropriate management approach for patients with unsuspected choledocholithiasis may be difficult because of the subjective nature of this decision in the absence of clinical data. Treatment of incidental choledocholithiasis during laparoscopic cholecystectomy was reviewed during a 25-month period. Operative cholangiograms were analyzed retrospectively to determine if associations exist between common bile duct stone characteristics and the intraoperative treatment selected by the operating surgeon. Cholangiographic data included quantification of common bile duct stones, stone dimension, position, and presence of radiopaque contrast flow into the duodenum. Two hundred thirty-six laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients underwent operative cholangiography; 25 (11%) demonstrated choledocholithiasis. Seven patients were converted to open common bile duct exploration (group I), 16 patients were referred for postoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (group II), and two patients were observed (group III). Evaluation of the operative cholangiograms revealed multiple common bile duct stones (>1) in 86% (6 of 7) in group I, 25% (4 of 16) in group II, and none in group III. All patients in group I had at least one stone larger than 5 ml in greatest diameter, whereas only 33% (6 of 18) in groups II and III combined had stones larger than 5 ml. Group I had significantly (P = 0.027) more representation of delayed or no contrast flow during operative cholangiography compared to groups II and III. The intraoperative decision to proceed with laparoscopic cholecystectomy and rely on postoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for stone retrieval rather than open common bile duct exploration was associated with (1) a single common bile duct stone, less than or equal to 5 ml in size on operative cholangiogram and (2) normal contrast flow into the duodenum. Open common bile duct exploration was more frequently associated with the demonstration of multiple or large (>5 ml) stones. A periampullary stone did not discriminate among treatment choices. PMID:10631357
Duensing, R A; Williams, R A; Collins, J C; Wilson, S E
AIM: To compare the clinical outcome of single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) with three-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (TPLC). METHODS: Between 2009 and 2011, one hundred and two patients with symptomatic benign gallbladder diseases were randomized to SILC (n = 49) or TPLC (n = 53). The primary end point was post operative pain score (at 6 h and 7 d). Secondary end points were blood loss, operation duration, overall complications, postoperative analgesic requirements, length of hospital stay, cosmetic result and total cost. Surgical techniques were standardized and all operations were performed by one experienced surgeon, who had performed more than 500 laparoscopic cholecystectomies. RESULTS: One patient in the SILC group required conversion to two-port LC. There were no open conversions or major complications in either treatment groups. There were no differences in terms of estimated blood loss (mean ± SD, 14 ± 6.0 mL vs 15 ± 4.0 mL), operation duration (mean ± SD, 41.8 ± 17.0 min vs 38.5 ± 22.0 min), port-site complications (contusion at incision: 5 cases vs 4 cases and hematoma at incision: 2 cases vs 1 case), total cost (mean ± SD, 12?075 ± 1047 RMB vs 11?982 ± 1153 RMB) and hospital stay (mean ± SD, 1.0 ± 0.5 d vs 1.0 ± 0.2 d) , respectively. TPLC had a significantly worse visual analogue pain score at 8 h after surgery (mean ± SD, 3.5 ± 1.6 vs 2.0 ± 1.5), however, the scores were similar on day 7 (mean ± SD, 2.5 ± 1.4 vs 2.0 ± 1.3). Cosmetic satisfaction, as determined by a survey at 2 mo follow-up favored SILC (mean ± SD, 8 ± 0.4 vs 6 ± 0.2). CONCLUSION: SILC is a safe and feasible approach in selected patients. The main advantages are a better cosmetic result and less pain. PMID:23372363
Pan, Ming-Xin; Jiang, Ze-Sheng; Cheng, Yuan; Xu, Xiao-Ping; Zhang, Zhi; Qin, Jia-Sheng; He, Guo-Lin; Xu, Ting-Cheng; Zhou, Chen-Jie; Liu, Hai-Yan; Gao, Yi
Background Post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is one of the common problems after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Objectives The current study aimed to compare Dexamethasone effect with that of Granisetron in prevention of PONV. Patients and Methods In the current study 104 patients aged 20-60 with ASA class I or II who were candidates for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in the study. Patients were randomly divided into two groups of A and B. 15 minutes before anesthesia induction, in group a patient’s 3 mg Granisetron and in group B patients 8 mg Dexamethasone was intravenously injected. Then both groups underwent general anesthesia with similar medications. After operation the prevalence of nausea and vomiting was assessed at three time intervals (0-6 hours, 6-12 hours and 12-24 hours after consciousness). SPSS software version 16 was employed to analyze data. T test, chi-square test and Fischer exact test were performed level of significance was P < 0.05. Results There was no significant difference between age, gender proportion, weight, height, and body mass index (BMI) of patients in the two groups. In Dexamethasone group, seven patients experienced nausea and three patients had vomiting, and in Granisetron group, five patients experienced nausea and three patients had vomiting after consciousness. Statistical analysis indicated no significant difference between the two groups in this regard. Conclusions Intravenous injection of 8 mg Dexamethasone or 3 mg Granisetron before anesthesia induction had similar effects in prophylaxis of nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:24223343
Hessami, Mohammad Ali; Yari, Mitra
A 45-year-old woman status post laparoscopic cholecystectomy 3years ago presented with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Endoscopy revealed hemobilia. Computed tomographic abdomen demonstrated a 2-cm aneurysm in the gall bladder fossa, consistent with a pseudoaneurysm. Initially, transcatheter coil embolization was attempted but recanalization of the aneurysm with recurrent bleeding in 2 days ensued. The aneurysm was then accessed percutaneously under ultrasound guidance and thrombin was injected into the aneurysm with subsequent complete thrombosis of the aneurysm and cessation of bleeding. PMID:24661399
Kumar, Abhishek; Sheikh, Ahmed; Partyka, Luke; Contractor, Sohail
Introduction Portal vein thrombosis is an uncommon post-operative complication following abdominal surgery. Although therapeutic anticoagulation\\u000a is recommended, this treatment may be questionable when the patient has an associated bleeding diathesis.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Case presentation We report a case of a 63-year-old woman of Asian Indian ethnicity who developed portal vein thrombosis following an uneventful\\u000a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallstones. Her condition was further complicated
Dilip Dan; Kevin King; Shiva Seetahal; Vijay Naraynsingh; Seetharaman Hariharan
Purpose To compare LMA-ProSeal™ (LMA-PS) with endotracheal tube (ETT) with respect to pulmonary ventilation and gastric distension\\u000a during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods We randomized 109 ASA I–III adults to LMA-PS or ETT after stratifying them as non-obese or obese (body mass index > 30 kg·m?2). After preoxygenation, anesthesia was induced with propofol, fentanyl and rocuronium. An LMA-PS (women #4, men #5) or ETT
J. Roger Maltby; Michael T. Beriault; Neil C. Watson; David Liepert; Gordon H. Fick
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome is an electrophysiological disorder of heart. Patients with such disorder may be asymptomatic or present with cardiac symptoms like palpitation and dyspnea. These patients may present with serious cardiac complication like atrial fibrillation and PSVT intraoperatively. We report a case of a 30-year-old female with WPW syndrome posted for laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia. We took all the precautions necessary to avoid tachycardia and arranged drugs necessary to treat any complications together with stringent monitoring which is very important for favorable outcome in these patients. Management of the case offers an opportunity to relearn the important considerations on WPW syndrome.
Gupta, Anurag; Sharma, Jyoti; Banerjee, Neerja; Sood, Rajesh
An automatic and markerless tracking method of deformable structures (digestive organs) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy intervention that uses the (PSO) behavour and the preoperative a priori knowledge is presented. The associated shape to the global best particles of the population determines a coarse representation of the targeted organ (the gallbladder) in monocular laparoscopic colored images. The swarm behavour is directed by a new fitness function to be optimized to improve the detection and tracking performance. The function is defined by a linear combination of two terms, namely, the human a priori knowledge term (H) and the particle's density term (D). Under the limits of standard (PSO) characteristics, experimental results on both synthetic and real data show the effectiveness and robustness of our method. Indeed, it outperforms existing methods without need of explicit initialization (such as active contours, deformable models and Gradient Vector Flow) on accuracy and convergence rate.
Djaghloul, Haroun; Batouche, Mohammed; Jessel, Jean-Pierre
Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia induced intraoperative hemodynamic responses which should be attenuated by appropriate premedication. The present study was aimed to compare the clinical efficacy of clonidine and fentanyl premedication during laparoscopic cholecystectomy for attenuation of hemodynamic responses with postoperative recovery outcome. Subjects and Methods: In this prospective randomized double blind study 64 adult consented patients of either sex with ASA I and II, scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia and met the inclusion criteria, were allocated into two groups of 32 patients. Group C patients have received intravenous clonidine 1?g kg-1 and Group F patients have received intravenous fentanyl 2?g kg-1 5 min before induction. Anesthetic and surgical techniques were standardized. All patients were assessed for intraoperative hemodynamic changes at specific time and postoperative recovery outcome. Results: Premedication with clonidine or fentanyl has attenuated the hemodynamic responses of laryngoscopy and laparoscopy. Clonidine was superior to fentanyl for intraoperative hemodynamic stability. No significant differences in the postoperative recovery outcome were observed between the groups. Nausea, vomiting, shivering and respiratory depression were comparable between groups. Conclusion: Premedication with clonidine or fentanyl has effectively attenuated the intraoperative hemodynamic responses of laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Gupta, Kumkum; Lakhanpal, Mahima; Gupta, Prashant K; Krishan, Atul; Rastogi, Bhawna; Tiwari, Vaibhav
Background: A combined method of endoscopic sphincter- otomy (ES) with common bile duct stone (CBDS) extrac- tion and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) under general anesthesia for a single-session treatment of patients with colecysto-choledocholithiasis is described. Methods: From June 1994 to January 1995, 15 consecutive cases considered for elective LC with preoperative diagno- sis of CBDS underwent this procedure. Following orotra- cheal
Giovanni D. De Palma; Luigi Angrisani; Michele Lorenzo; Elio Di Matteo; Carlo Catanzano; Giovanni Persico; Beniamino Tesauro
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has been routinely performed since 1989 at our institution, and patients were traditionally admitted for 2 days. In 1996 we implemented a protocol for LC as a day surgery procedure at our center. Although initially reported by others, it has not yet been introduced as routine in Switzerland. The objective of this prospective study was to determine
Henri Vuilleumier; Nermin Halkic
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are distressing and frequent adverse events of anesthesia and surgery, with a relatively high incidence after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Numerous antiemetics have been studied for the prevention and treatment of PONV in patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Traditional antiemetics, including anticholinergics (e.g., scopolamine), antihistamines (e.g., dimenhydrinate), phenothiazines (e.g., promethazine), butyrophenones (e.g., droperidol), and benzamide (e.g., metoclopramide), are used for the control of PONV. The available nontraditional antiemetics for the prophylaxis against PONV are dexamethasone and propofol. Serotonin receptor antagonists (ondansetron, granisetron, tropisetron, dolasetron, and ramosetron), compared with traditional antiemetics, are highly efficacious for PONV. The prophylactic ondansetron, granisetron, tropisetron, and dolasetron in antiemetic efficacy are comparable. Ramosetron is effective for the long-term prevention of PONV. None of the available antiemetics is entirely effective, perhaps because most of them act through the blockade on one type of receptor. There is a possibility that combined antiemetics with different sites of activity would be more effective than one drug alone for the prophylaxis against PONV. Combination antiemetic therapy is often effective for the prevention of PONV following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The efficacy of a combination of serotonin receptor antagonists (ondansetron and granisetron) and droperidol is superior to monotherapy with a serotonin receptor antagonist or droperidol. Similarly, adding dexamethasone to ondansetron or granisetron improves antiemetic efficacy in PONV. Knowledge regarding antiemetics is necessary to completely prevent and treatment of PONV in patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:16178752
Physiotherapy in patients after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CHL) is impeded by postoperative pain which causes a decline in patients' activity, reduces respiratory muscles' function, and affects patients' ability to look after themselves. The objective of this work was to assess the influence of Kinesio Taping (KT) on pain level and the increase in effort tolerance in patients after CHL. The research included 63 patients after CHL. Test group and control group included randomly selected volunteers. Control group consisted of 32 patients (26 females, 6 males), test group consisted of 31 patients (22 females, 9 males). Both groups were subjected to complex physiotherapy, and control group had additional KT applications. Before surgery, during and after physiotherapy, patients were given the following tests: 100-meter walk tests, subjective pain perception assessment, and pain relief medicines intake level assessment. The level of statistical significance for all tests was established at P < 0.05. Statistical analysis showed a significant decrease in the time required to cover a 100-meter distance and a decrease in pain perception presented by significantly lower painkillers' intake in the test group in comparison with the control group. The improvement in clinical condition observed in the research indicates the efficiency of KT as a method complementing physiotherapy in patients after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:22645478
Krajczy, Marcin; Bogacz, Katarzyna; Luniewski, Jacek; Szczegielniak, Jan
Transvaginal laparoscopic cholecystectomy (TVC) is becoming an attractive alternative to conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC). We conducted a meta-analysis study to compare the outcome and side effects between TVC and CLC. Clinical studies on TVC with CLC as control were identified by searching PubMed and EMBASE (from 2007 to December 2013). Nine studies were identified for meta-analysis. Our results showed that TVC required much longer operative time [MD, 30.82; 95% confidence interval (CI), 13.00-48.65; P=0.0007] and had significantly lower pain score on postoperative day 1 as compared with CLC (MD, -1.77; 95% CI, -2.91 to -0.63; P=0.002). No statistical difference in days of hospital stay (MD, -1.60; 95% CI, -4.73 to 1.54; P=0.32) and number of complications was found between the 2 groups (risk ratio, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.25-1.10; P=0.09). Safety of TVC is similar as CLC. In conclusion, TVC patients have significantly less postoperative pain but need much longer operative time. PMID:25084449
Xu, Jian; Xu, Liang; Li, Lintao; Zha, Siluo; Hu, Zhiqian
Background Nefopam is a centrally acting analgesic that is used to control pain. The aim of this study was to find an appropriate dose of nefopam that demonstrates an analgesic effect when administered in continuous infusion with fentanyl at the end of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods Ninety patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly assigned to receive analgesia with fentanyl alone (50 µg, Group 1, n = 30), or with fentanyl in combination with nefopam 20 mg (Group 2, n = 30) or in combination with nefopam 40 mg (Group 3, n = 30) at the end of surgery. Pain and side effects were evaluated at 10 minutes, 30 minutes, 1 hour, 2 hours, 6 hours, and 12 hours after arrival in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU). Results Pain was statistically significantly lower in Groups 2 and 3 than in Group 1 at 10 minutes, 2 hours, and 6 hours after arrival in the PACU. Nausea was statistically significantly lower in Group 2 than in Groups 1 and 3 at 10 minutes after arrival in the PACU. Shivering was statistically significantly lower in Groups 2 and 3 than in Group 1 at 10 minutes after arrival in the PACU. Conclusions Nefopam is a drug that can be safely used as an analgesic after surgery, and its side effects can be reduced when fentanyl 50 µg is injected with nefopam 20 mg. PMID:24156002
Lee, Ju Hwan; Kim, Jae Hong
Background Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERCP) with endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) followed by a laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is generally accepted as the treatment of choice for patients with choledochocystolithiasis who are eligible for surgery. Previous studies have shown that LC after ES is associated with a high conversion rate. The aim of the present study was to assess the complexity of LC after ES compared with standard LC for symptomatic uncomplicated cholecystolithiasis. Methods The study population consisted of two patient cohorts: patients who had undergone a previous ERCP with ES for choledocholithiasis (PES) and patients with cholecystolithiasis who had no previous intervention prior to LC (NPES). Results The PES group consisted of 93 patients and the NPES group consisted of 83 consecutive patients. Patients in the PES group had higher risks for longer [more than 65?min, odds ratio (OR) = 4.21 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.79–9.91)] and more complex [higher than 6 points, on a 0–10 scale, OR 3.12 (95% CI 1.43–6.81)] surgery. The conversion rate in the PES and NPES group (6.5% versus 2.4%, respectively) and the complication rate (12.9% versus 9.6%, respectively) were not significantly different. Discussion A laparoscopic cholecystectomy after ES is lengthier and more difficult than in uncomplicated cholelithiasis and should therefore be performed by an experienced surgeon. PMID:23374364
Reinders, Jan Siert Kayitsinga; Gouma, Dirk Joan; Heisterkamp, Joos; Tromp, Ellen; van Ramshorst, Bert; Boerma, Djamila
AIM: To investigate the safety and feasibility of our original single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) for acute inflamed gallbladder (AIG). METHODS: One hundred and ten consecutive patients underwent original SILC for gallbladder disease without any selection criteria and 15 and 11 of these were diagnosed with acute cholecystitis and acute gallstone cholangitis, respectively. A retrospective review was performed not only between SILC for AIG and non-AIG, but also between SILC for AIG and traditional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (TLC) for AIG in the same period. RESULTS: Comparison between SILC for AIG and non-AIG revealed that the operative time was longer in SILC for AIG (97.5 min vs 85.0 min, P = 0.03). The open conversion rate (2/26 vs 2/84, P = 0.24) and complication rate (1/26 vs 3/84, P = 1.00) showed no differences, but a need for additional trocars was more frequent in SILC for AIG (5/24 vs 3/82, P = 0.01). Comparison between SILC for AIG and TLC for AIG revealed no differences based on statistical analysis. CONCLUSION: Our original SILC technique was adequately safe and feasible for the treatment of acute cholecystitis and acute gallstone cholangitis. PMID:22408354
Sasaki, Kazunari; Watanabe, Goro; Matsuda, Masamichi; Hashimoto, Masaji
Lower-extremity venous stasis during laparoscopic cholecystectomy was evaluated in 16 patients by monitoring the blood velocity in the femoral vein and the femoral vein size (cross-sectional area) using color Doppler ultrasonography. The blood velocity in the femoral vein decreased significantly after the start of 10-mmHg abdominal insufflation in the supine position. When the patients were placed in a reverse Trendelenburg position during 10-mmHg insufflation, blood velocity in the femoral vein further decreased. However, velocity returned to the baseline after deflation. The cross-sectional area of the femoral vein was significantly elevated after the start of 10 mm Hg insufflation in the supine position. When patients were placed in the reverse Trendelenburg position during 10-mmHg insufflation, this parameter was further elevated, but returned to the baseline soon after deflation. These results indicate that femoral vein stasis during laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be minimized by reducing the pressure of abdominal insufflation and avoiding elevation of the patient's head as much as possible. PMID:7597605
Ido, K; Suzuki, T; Kimura, K; Taniguchi, Y; Kawamoto, C; Isoda, N; Nagamine, N; Ioka, T; Kumagai, M; Hirayama, Y
Background Massive upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage can be the dominant symptom of decompensated liver cirrhosis, varices and ulcerations in the upper gastrointestinal tract. Postoperative complications are known to lead to these bleedings. Commonly, emergency endoscopy will be performed. Here we report of a patient with extensive bleeding caused by an aneurysma spurium of the arteria hepatica dextra induced by a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The condition was diagnosed by the Doppler ultrasound scan of the liver. Case presentation Initially the source of the gastrointestinal bleeding was caused by an ulcus Dieulafoy in the jejunum which was stopped by clipping. Continous bleeding was observed and traced to a rare complication of a laparoscopic cholecystectomy due to a gallbladder empyema. After surgical intervention the patient developed an aneurysma spurium of the arteria hepatica dextra which was in communication with the small bowel. The successful treatment was performed by embolizing the aneurysma. Conclusion The reasons for gastrointestinal bleedings are manifold. This case presents a seldom cause of a gastrointestinal bleeding due to an aneurysma of the hepatic arteria. The successful embolization was performed to ultimately stop the bleeding. PMID:23885918
Eighty-four patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) from January through August 2006. Of these patients, 4 (4.7%) were found to have occult gallbladder carcinoma (GC) either during or after the procedure. Two of the patients were women and 2 were men. The mean age was 75.0 years. One patient had mucosal tumors, 2 had subserosal tumors, and 1 had a serosal lesion. One of the 2 patients with subserosal tumors underwent radical surgery. In a previous study, 0.83% (10 of 1,195) of patients who had undergone LC were found to have occult GC, either during of after the procedure. The prevalence of gallbladder carcinoma has recently been increasing. GC has been reported in 0.3% to 1.5% of patients who have undergone cholecystectomy. Since the introduction of laparoscopic surgery, the number of cholecystectomies being performed has increased, which may explain why occult GC seems to be occurring more frequently. The prognosis for GC is poor, and surgical resection is the only potentially curative treatment. However, GC is difficult to diagnose at an early stage and difficult to recognize even in the advanced stages. Fifteen percent to 30% of patients show no preoperative or intraoperative evidence of malignancy. Occult GC is also increasing. Because flat infiltrating GC and GC with cholecystitis and numerous stones are difficult to diagnose preoperatively, we recommend taking frozen sections from patients who are of advanced age (older than 70 years), have a long history of stones, or have a thickened gallbladder wall. PMID:17878700
Yokomuro, Shigeki; Arima, Yasuo; Mizuguchi, Yoshiaki; Shimizu, Tetsuya; Kawahigashi, Yutaka; Kannda, Tomohiro; Arai, Masao; Tajiri, Takashi
AIM: To perform a large-scale retrospective comparison of laparoendoscopic single-site cholecystectomy (LESSC) and three-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (TPLC) in a single institution. METHODS: Data were collected from 366 patients undergoing LESSC between January 2005 and July 2008 and were compared with the data from 355 patients undergoing TPLC between August 2008 and November 2011 in our department. Patients with body mass index greater than 35 kg/m2, a history of major upper abdominal surgery, signs of acute cholecystitis, such as fever, right upper quadrant tenderness with or without Murphy’s sign, elevated white blood cell count, imaging findings suggestive of pericholecystic fluid, gallbladder wall thickening > 4 mm, and gallstones > 3 cm, were excluded to avoid bias. RESULTS: Altogether, 298 LESSC and 315 TPLC patients met the inclusion criteria. The groups were well matched with regard to demographic data. There were no significant differences in terms of postoperative complications (contusion: 19 vs 25 and hematoma at incision: 11 vs 19), hospital stay (mean ± SD, 1.4 ± 0.2 d vs 1.4 ± 0.7 d) and visual analogue pain score (mean ± SD, 8 h after surgery: 2.3 ± 1.4 vs 2.3 ± 1.3 and at day 1: 1.2 ± 0.4 vs 1.3 ± 1.2) between the LESSC and TPLC patients. Four patients required the addition of extra ports and 2 patients were converted to open surgery in the LESSC group, which was not significantly different when compared with TPLC patients converted to laparotomy (2 vs 2). LESSC resulted in a longer operating time (mean ± SD, 54.8 ± 11.0 min vs 33.5 ± 9.0 min), a higher incidence of intraoperative gallbladder perforation (56 vs 6) and higher operating cost (mean ± SD, 1933.7 ± 64.4 USD vs 1874.7 ± 46.2 USD) than TPLC. No significant differences in operating time (mean ± SD, 34.3 ± 6.0 min vs 32.7 ± 8.7 min) and total cost (mean ± SD, 1881.3 ± 32.8 USD vs 1876.2 ± 33.4 USD) were found when the last 100 cases in the two groups were compared. A correlation was observed between reduced operating time of LESSC and increased experience (Spearman rank correlation coefficient, -0.28). More patients in the LESSC group expressed satisfaction with the cosmetic result (98% vs 85%). CONCLUSION: LESSC is a safe and feasible procedure in selected patients with benign gallbladder diseases, with the significant advantage of cosmesis. PMID:23864785
Cheng, Yuan; Jiang, Ze-Sheng; Xu, Xiao-Ping; Zhang, Zhi; Xu, Ting-Cheng; Zhou, Chen-Jie; Qin, Jia-Sheng; He, Guo-Lin; Gao, Yi; Pan, Ming-Xin
We analyzed a teaching institution's experience with intra-operative cholangiography (IOCG) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and established an algorithm for their timing and use. The records of all patients undergoing LC during a five year period were reviewed. Patients with a history of jaundice or pancreatitis, abnormal bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase, or radiographic evidence suggestive of choledocholithiasis were considered "at risk" for common bile duct stones (CBDS). The remaining patients were considered to be at low "risk." LC was attempted on 1002 patients during the study period and successfully completed on 941 (94% of the time). The major complication rate was 3.1% and the common bile duct injury rate 0.1%. Eighty eight (9.5%) patients underwent ERCP, 67 in the preoperative period and 19 in the postoperative period. IOCG was attempted in 272 (24%) patients and completed in 234 for a success rate of 86%. Intraoperative cholangiography (IOCG) and preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) were equivalent in the detection of CBDSs Twelve of the 21 patients (57%) with IOCG positive for stones underwent successful laparoscopic clearance of the common duct, and did not require postop. ERCP. No patients were converted to an open procedure for common bile duct exploration. Because postoperative ERCP was 100% successful in clearing the common duct, reoperation for retained common bile duct stones was not necessary. IOCG is an alternative procedure to ERCP for patients at risk with biochemical, radiological, or clinical evidence of choledocholithiasis. The incidence of CBDS in low-risk patients is 1.7%, a risk that does not warrant routine cholangiography. Preoperative ERCP is recommended in cases of cholangitis unresponsive to antibiotics, suspicion of carcinoma, and biliary pancreatitis unresponsive to supportive care. Although IOCG leads to a similar percentage of nontherapeutic studies as preoperative ERCP, it often allows for one procedure therapy. PMID:16927915
Ledniczky, G; Fiore, N; Bognár, G; Ondrejka, P; Grosfeld, J L
BACKGROUND: Patients with symptomatic cholecystolithiasis are treated by three different techniques of cholecystectomy: open, small-incision, or laparoscopic. There is no overview on Cochrane systematic reviews on these three interventions. OBJECTIVES: To summarise Cochrane reviews that assess the effects of different techniques of cholecystectomy for patients with symptomatic cholecystolithiasis. METHODS: The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) was searched for all
F. Keus; H. G. Gooszen
Background Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) is currently a very important topic for both gastroenterologists and\\u000a surgeons. We have developed a technique of transvaginal hybrid NOTES cholecystectomy (TVC) that leaves no visible scar and\\u000a is applicable to daily use. This technique is compared to the conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC) in a matched-pair\\u000a analysis.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods From June 2007 until February 2009, 108
Carsten Zornig; Linn Siemssen; Alice Emmermann; Margrit Alm; Hans A. von Waldenfels; Conrad Felixmüller; Hamid Mofid
Objectives: Incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), without active intervention, following laparoscopic cholecystectomy is unacceptably high. We evaluated the effectiveness of intravenous (IV) palonosetron in counteracting PONV during the first 24hrs following laparoscopic cholecystectomy, using ondansetron as the comparator drug. Materials and Methods: In a randomized, controlled, single blind, parallel group trial, single pre-induction IV doses of palonosetron (75mcg) or ondansetron (4mg) were administered to adult patients of either sex undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. There were 49 subjects per group. The pre-anesthetic regimen, anesthesia procedure and laparoscopic technique were uniform. The primary effectiveness measure was total number of PONV episodes in the 24 hrs period following end of surgery. The frequencies of individual nausea, retching and vomiting episodes, visual analog scale (VAS) score for nausea at 2, 6 and 24hrs, use of rescue antiemetic (metoclopramide), number of complete responders (no PONV or use of rescue in 24 hrs) and adverse events were secondary measures. Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in primary outcome. Similarly, the frequencies of nausea, retching and vomiting episodes, when considered individually, did not show significant difference. Nausea score was comparable at all time points. With palonosetron, 14 subjects (28.6%) required rescue medication while 13 (26.5%) did so with ondansetron. The number of complete responders was 14 (28.6%) and 16 (32.7%), respectively. Adverse events were few and mild. QTc prolongation was not encountered. Conclusion: Palonosetron is comparable to ondansetron for PONV prophylaxis in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy when administered as single pre-induction dose. PMID:23543732
Laha, Baisakhi; Hazra, Avijit; Mallick, S.
Situs inversus is a rare anomaly characterized by transposition of organs to the opposite side of the body. In patients with this anomaly, cholelithiasis is observed with a frequency similar to that in the normal population. Herein, we report on a patient with situs inversus totalis who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for mucocele of the gallbladder. Diagnostic pitfalls and technical difficulties of the operation with technical options are discussed in the context of the available literature. Difficulty is encountered particularly in skeletonizing the structures in Calot's triangle, which consumes extra time and is more demanding than in patients with a normally located gallbladder. A summary of an additional 32 similar cases reported in the medical literature is also presented. PMID:17212902
The common and distressing complications of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are the main concern of 40-70% of patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). The first step in preventing PONV after LC is to reduce the risk factors involving patient characteristics, surgical procedure, anesthetic technique, and postoperative care. Particularly, the use of propofol-based anesthesia can reduce the incidence of PONV after LC. Second, prophylactic antiemetics including antihistamines (dimenhydrinate), phenothiazines (perphenazine), butyrophenones (droperidol), benzamides (metoclopramide), dexamethasone, and serotonin receptor antagonists (ondansetron, granisetron, tropisetron, dolasetron, and ramosetron) are available for preventing PONV after LC. Third, antiemetic therapy combined with a serotonin receptor antagonist (ondansetron, granisetron) and droperidol or dexamethasone is highly effective in the prevention of PONV after LC. Fourth, acupressure at the P6 point is a nonpharmacologic technique that is as effective as ondansetron for preventing PONV after LC. Knowledge regarding the risk factors for PONV and antiemetics is needed for the management of PONV after LC. PMID:20927550
Acute acalculous cholecystitis (ACC) is most frequently reported in critically ill patients following sepsis, extensive injury or surgery. It is rather uncommon as a chemotherapy-induced complication, which is usually life-threatening in neutropenic patients subjected to myelosuppressive therapy. A 23-year-old patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia was subjected to myelosuppressive chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, pegaspargase). After the first chemotherapy cycle the patient was neutropenic and feverish; she presented with vomiting and pain in the right epigastrium. Ultrasound demonstrated an acalculous gallbladder with wall thickening up to 14 mm. The ACC was diagnosed. Medical therapy included a broad spectrum antibiotic regimen and granulocyte-colony stimulating factors. On the second day after ACC diagnosis the patient's general condition worsened. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed. The resected gallbladder showed no signs of bacterial or leukemic infiltrates. The postoperative course was uneventful. In the management of neutropenic patients with ACC surgical treatment is as important as pharmacological therapy. PMID:25337176
Ejduk, Anna; Wroblewski, Tadeusz; Szczepanik, Andrzej B.
INTRODUCTION Chronic biliary obstruction consequence of a bile duct injury may require liver transplantation (LT) in case of secondary biliary cirrhosis, intractable pruritus or reiterate episodes of cholangitis. “Mass-forming” sclerosing cholangitis leading to secondary portal vein thrombosis and pre-sinusoidal portal hypertension has not been reported so far. PRESENTATION OF CASE We present the case of a patient who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for Mirizzi syndrome. The persistent bile duct obstruction due to a residual gallstone fragment was treated by a prolonged biliary stenting. Following repeated bouts of cholangitis, a fibrous centrohepatic scar developed, conglobating and obstructing the main branches of the portal vein and of the biliary tree. The patient developed secondary portal vein thrombosis and portal hypertension. After an extensive diagnostic work-up, including surgical exploration to rule out malignancy, the case was successfully managed by liver transplantation. DISCUSSION Mass-forming sclerosis of the bile duct and biliary bifurcation may develop as a consequence of chronic biliary obstruction and prolonged stenting. Secondary portal vein thrombosis and pre-sinusoidal portal hypertension represents an unusual complication, mimicking Klatskin tumor. CONCLUSION A timely and proper management of post-cholecystectomy complications is of mainstay importance. Early referral to a specialized hepato-biliary center is strongly advised. PMID:23995476
Patrono, Damiano; Mazza, Elena; Paraluppi, Gianluca; Strignano, Paolo; David, Ezio; Romagnoli, Renato; Salizzoni, Mauro
. It is well known that surgery\\u000a \\u000a significantly decreases immune responses. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy\\u000a \\u000a (LC) is a “miniinvasive” surgical procedure; and on the basis of\\u000a \\u000a this consideration we have investigated if and how the immune response\\u000a \\u000a is modified in patients after laparoscopic cholecystectomy compared to\\u000a \\u000a patients who underwent open cholecystectomy. Immune activity\\u000a \\u000a [neutrophils, total lymphocytes count, lymphocytes subpopulations,\\u000a \\u000a human leukocyte antigen-DR
Francesco Carlei; Mario Schietroma; Giovanni Cianca; Alberto Risetti; Sandro Mattucci; Gerard Ngome Enang; Mario Simi
The benefits of laparoscopic surgery over conventional abdominal surgery have been well documented. Reducing postoperative pain, decreasing postoperative morbidity, hospital stay duration, and postoperative recovery time have all been demonstrated in recent peer-review literature. Robotic laparoscopy provides the added dimension of increased fine mobility and surgical control. With new single port surgical techniques, we have the added benefit of minimally invasive surgery and greater patient aesthetic satisfaction, as well as all the other benefits laparoscopic surgery offers. In this paper, we report a successful single port robotic hysterectomy and the simple process by which this technique is performed. PMID:23248446
Lue, John R; Murray, Brian; Bush, Stephen
Situs inversus totalis is an inherited condition characterized by a mirror-image transposition of thoracic and abdominal organs. It often coexists with other anatomical variations. Transposition of the organs imposes special demands on the diagnostic and surgical skills of the surgeon. We report a case of a 34-year-old female patient presented with left upper quadrant pain, signs of acute abdomen, and unknown situs inversus totalis. Severe acute cholecystitis was diagnosed, and an uneventful laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed. A posterior cystic artery was identified and ligated. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is feasible in patients with severe acute calculus cholecystitis and situs inversus totalis; however, the surgeon should be alert of possible anatomic variations. PMID:18493329
Pavlidis, Theodoros E.; Psarras, Kyriakos; Triantafyllou, Apostolos; Marakis, Georgios N.; Sakantamis, Athanasios K.
A 62-year old man was referred to our institution in hemorrhagic shock after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis, performed at an outside hospital. A chest X-ray revealed a right-sided massive pleural effusion. Urgent surgical exploration was performed through a video-assisted mini-thoracotomy which revealed active bleeding from a pleural adherence. Successful hemostasis was achieved intraoperatively and the patient had an uneventful recovery. In absence of intra-abdominal hemorrhage, a hemothorax should be considered as a potential source of major bleeding in patients who develop symptoms of hypovolemia after laparoscopic surgery. PMID:21595900
Cristian, Rapicetta; Massimiliano, Paci; Tommaso, Ricchetti; Sara, Tenconi; Federico, Biolchini; Emilio, Belluzzi; Giorgio, Sgarbi
A 62-year old man was referred to our institution in hemorrhagic shock after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis, performed at an outside hospital. A chest X-ray revealed a right-sided massive pleural effusion. Urgent surgical exploration was performed through a video-assisted mini-thoracotomy which revealed active bleeding from a pleural adherence. Successful hemostasis was achieved intraoperatively and the patient had an uneventful recovery. In absence of intra-abdominal hemorrhage, a hemothorax should be considered as a potential source of major bleeding in patients who develop symptoms of hypovolemia after laparoscopic surgery. PMID:21595900
A 50-year-old male was examined at another hospital for fever, general fatigue and slight abdominal pain. He was treated with antibiotics and observed. However, his symptoms did not lessen, and laboratory tests revealed liver dysfunction, jaundice and an increased inflammatory response. He was then admitted to our hospital and underwent an abdominal computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), which revealed common bile duct (CBD) stones. He was diagnosed with mild acute cholangitis. As the same time, he was admitted to our hospital and an emergency endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was performed. Vater papilla opening in the third portion of the duodenum and presence of a peripapillary duodenal diverticulum made it difficult to perform cannulation of the CBD. In addition, MRCP revealed that the CBD was extremely narrow (diameter 5 mm). We therefore performed laparoscopic cholecystectomy and endoscopic sphincterotomy using the rendezvous technique for choledocholithiasis simultaneously rather than laparoscopic CBD exploration. After the operation, the patient was discharged with no complications. Although the rendezvous technique has not been very commonly used because several experts in the technique and a large operating room are required, this technique is a very attractive and effective approach for treating choledocholithiasis, for which endoscopic treatment is difficult. PMID:25298761
Tanaka, Takayuki; Haraguchi, Masashi; Tokai, Hirotaka; Ito, Shinichiro; Kitajima, Masachika; Ohno, Tsuyoshi; Onizuka, Shinya; Inoue, Keiji; Motoyoshi, Yasuhide; Kuroki, Tamotsu; Kanemastu, Takashi; Eguchi, Susumu
A 62-year old man was referred to our institution in hemorrhagic shock after a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis,\\u000a performed at an outside hospital. A chest X-ray revealed a right-sided massive pleural effusion. Urgent surgical exploration\\u000a was performed through a video-assisted mini-thoracotomy which revealed active bleeding from a pleural adherence. Successful\\u000a hemostasis was achieved intraoperatively and the patient had an
Rapicetta Cristian; Paci Massimiliano; Ricchetti Tommaso; Tenconi Sara; Biolchini Federico; Belluzzi Emilio; Sgarbi Giorgio
Ambulatory laparoscopic cholecystectomy pathways move patients through the hospital without encountering delays caused by congested inpatient bed units. However, redirecting patients to a direct discharge pathway might not be beneficial if recovery capacity is further taxed by additional workload. In this study, we attempt to assess the operational impact on recovery room workload of directly discharging laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients to home. We conducted a retrospective case-control review of recovery room flow sheets to determine recovery room time and effort required for laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients. The study was restricted to patients of a single surgeon to minimize confounds from surgical technique. Fifty-seven case patients (May 1, 2004, through November 30, 2004), all managed with intent to directly discharge from the recovery room, were compared with control patients (n = 81) from the corresponding 6 months in the year before the direct-discharge plan. The times (mean; 95% confidence interval) to meet objective criteria for adequate pain control (3.5 minutes [2.1 to 5.9] versus 4.0 minutes [2.6 to 6.1]) and readiness for discharge from phase 1 recovery (8.1 minutes [4.8 to 13.6] versus 6.1 minutes [4.0 to 9.5]) were not different between the groups. The number and distribution of interventions documented in the recovery process were not different between groups, nor was there a difference in recovery room length of stay (158 minutes [138 to 182] versus 149 minutes [132 to 167]). In our study, recovery room records reveal little if any increased workload associated with the direct-to-home discharge of laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients. PMID:17227924
Seim, Andreas R; Andersen, Bjørn; Berger, David L; Sokal, Suzanne M; Sandberg, Warren S
AIM: To compare the clinical outcome of single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) and three-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (3ILC) for acute cholecystitis. METHODS: From July 2009 to September 2012, 136 patients underwent SILC or 3ILC for acute cholecystitis at a tertiary referral hospital. One experienced surgeon performed every procedure using 5 or 10 mm 30-degree laparoscopes, straight instruments, and conventional ports. Five patients with perforated gallbladder and diffuse peritonitis and 23 patients with mild acute cholecystitis were excluded. The remaining 108 patients were divided into complicated and uncomplicated groups according to pathologic findings. Patient demography, clinical data, operative results and complications were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: Fifty patients with gangrenous cholecystitis, gallbladder empyema, or hydrops were classified as the complicated group, and 58 patients with acute cholecystitis were classified as the uncomplicated group. Twenty-three (46.0%) of the patients in the complicated group (n = 50) and 39 (67.2%) of the patients in the uncomplicated group (n = 58) underwent SILC; all others underwent 3ILC. The postoperative length of hospital stay (PLOS) was significantly shorter in the SILC subgroups than the 3ILC subgroups (3.5 ± 1.1 d vs 4.6 ± 1.3 d, P < 0.01 in the complicated group; 2.9 ± 1.1 d vs 3.7 ± 1.4 d, P < 0.05 in the uncomplicated group). The maximum body temperature recorded at day 1 and at day 2 following the procedure was lower in the SILC subgroups, but the difference reached statistical significance only in the uncomplicated group (37.41 ± 0.56?°C vs 37.80 ± 0.72?°C, P < 0.05 on postoperative day 1; 37.10 ± 0.43?°C vs 37.57 ± 0.54?°C, P < 0.01 on postoperative day 2). The operative time, estimated blood loss, postoperative narcotic use, total length of hospital stay, conversion rates, and complication rates were similar in both SILC and 3ILC subgroups. The complicated group had longer operative time (122.2 ± 35.0 min vs 106.6 ± 43.6 min, P < 0.05), longer PLOS (4.1 ± 1.3 d vs 3.2 ± 1.2 d, P < 0.001), and higher conversion rates (36.0% vs 19.0%, P < 0.05) compared with the uncomplicated group. CONCLUSION: SILC is safe and efficacious for patients with acute cholecystitis. The main benefit is a faster recovery than that achieved with 3ILC. PMID:24282363
Chuang, Shu-Hung; Chen, Pai-Hsi; Chang, Chih-Ming; Lin, Chih-Sheng
Objective The study aims to investigate whether laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is a cost-effective strategy for managing gallbladder-stone disease compared to the conventional open cholecystectomy(OC) in a Thai setting. Design and Setting Using a societal perspective a cost-utility analysis was employed to measure programme cost and effectiveness of each management strategy. The costs borne by the hospital and patients were collected from Chiang Rai regional hospital while the clinical outcomes were summarised from a published systematic review of international and national literature. Incremental cost per Quality Adjusted Life Year (QALY) derived from a decision tree model. Results The results reveal that at base-case scenario the incremental cost per QALY of moving from OC to LC is 134,000 Baht under government perspective and 89,000 Baht under a societal perspective. However, the probabilities that LC outweighed OC are not greater than 95% until the ceiling ratio reaches 190,000 and 270,000 Baht per QALY using societal and government perspective respectively. Conclusion The economic evaluation results of management options for gallstone disease in Thailand differ from comparable previous studies conducted in developed countries which indicated that LC was a cost-saving strategy. Differences were due mainly to hospital costs of post operative inpatient care and value of lost working time. The LC option would be considered a cost-effective option for Thailand at a threshold of three times per capita gross domestic product recommended by the committee on the Millennium Development Goals. PMID:16259625
Teerawattananon, Yot; Mugford, Miranda
Objective: To compare intraoperative cardiac function, postoperative cognitive recovery, and surgical performance of laparoscopic cholecystectomy with abdominal wall lift (AWL) versus positive-pressure capnoperitoneum (PPCpn). Summary Background Data: AWL has been proposed as an alternative approach to PPCpn to avoid adverse cardio-respiratory changes. However, the workspace obtained with the AWL is less optimal than PPCpn and previous studies documenting delayed postoperative recovery of consciousness following PPCpn have not assessed mental alertness despite its importance. Methods: Forty operations were randomized into AWL and PPCpn. A standard anesthetic protocol was followed. Cardiac indices were measured with an esophageal Doppler machine. An auditory vigilance test was used to measure alertness level following extubation. All operations were videotaped and human reliability assessment techniques were used to identify surgical errors. Results: There was a significant reduction in cardiac output during the first 20 minutes following CO2 insufflation in the PPCpn group, whereas in the AWL group it did not exhibit any significant change. Patients in AWL arm had better vigilance scores at 90 and 180 minutes following extubation compared with the PPn group (P < 0.05). Significantly more surgical errors were observed during surgery with AWL than with PPCpn (7.1 ± 1.1; versus 2.9 ± 0.4; P = 0.001). Conclusions: The AWL approach avoids fall in cardiac output associated with PPCpn during laparoscopic surgery and is associated with a more rapid recovery of postoperative cognitive function compared with PPCpn. However, AWL increases the level of difficulty in the execution of the operation. PMID:15075657
Alijani, Afshin; Hanna, George B.; Cuschieri, Alfred
Background and Objective: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is the main concern for 40-70% of patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Our objective was to compare carbon dioxide gas at low pressure and standard pressure for the occurrence of PONV on patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: This double- blind trial was conducted on 50 women patients aged between 18 to 60 years with acute cholecystectomy. The patients were divided into two groups: low pressure (LP) (received LP gas, 7-9 mmHg) and standard pressure (SP) (received SP gas, 14-15 mmHg). Nausea and vomiting in patients at hours 0-4, 4-8, 8-12, 12-24 after the surgery were recorded. Results: The frequency of PONV in the LP and SP groups did not demonstrate statistically significant different (P > 0.05). Nevertheless the frequency of shoulder pain after 4 hours at the LP group compared with SP group was significantly different (P < 0.023). Conclusions: The use of low pressure gas compared to standard pressure gas to create pneumoperitoneum could not reduce the PONV whereas the frequency of shoulder pain in LP group was reduced. Low pressure gas was associated with reduction of surgeon visibility and subsequently more prolonged surgery duration. PMID:25225531
Nasajiyan, Nozar; Javaherfourosh, Fatemeh; ghomeishi, Ali; Akhondzadeh, Reza; Pazyar, Faramarz; Hamoonpou, Nader
Five-year Prospective Audit of Routine Intravenous Cholangiography and Selective Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiography with or without Intraoperative Cholangiography in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
. Consensus has never been reached regarding the need or the imaging technique for evaluating the common bile duct (CBD) in\\u000a patients considered for cholecystectomy. With the advent of laparoscopic cholecystectomy there has been a resurgence of interest\\u000a in the role of preoperative intravenous cholangiography (IVC) as an alternative for evaluating the CBD. The purpose of this\\u000a audit was to
Nicola Pietra; Leopoldo Sarli; Pierangelo Ugo Maccarini; Guido Sabadini; Renato Costi; Sara Gobbi
(87%) of the patients after tube cholecystostomy. Twelve patients (80%) underwent interval cholecystectomy. Lapa- roscopic cholecystectomy was attempted in 11 patients and was successful in 10 (91%), with 1 conversion to open cho- lecystectomy. One patient had interval open cholecystec- tomy during definitive operation for esophageal cancer and another had emergency open cholecystectomy due to tube dislodgment. Two patients (13%)
Eren Berber; Kristen L. Engle; Andreas String; Adella M. Garland; George Chang; James Macho; Jeffrey M. Pearl; Allan E. Siperstein
Perforin-(P-) related characteristics of cytotoxic T lymphocytes and natural killer cells were investigated in peripheral blood of patients subjected to open (OC; n = 23) or laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC; n = 21) and healthy controls (n = 20). Blood samples were obtained preoperatively and 24 hours after the surgeries, and the data were correlated with the intensity of cholestasis and concomitant inflammation, determined by functional hepatic tests. Postoperative differences were found to be minimal: OC decreased only the percentage of CD56+ cells, while LC decreased the fraction of CD8+P+ cells and augmented the mean fluorescence intensity of P in CD56 cells. Patients elected for OC had, however, higher preoperative numbers of total P+, CD3+P+, and CD4+P+ cells than patients elected for LC and healthy controls, while both groups of patients, preoperatively, had lower fraction of CD16+P+ and CD56+P+ cells. These changes were in high correlation with blood concentrations of CRP, AP, and ALT, emphasizing the link between the preoperative cholestasis and inflammation and P-dependent cytotoxic mechanisms. PMID:19436761
Grbas, Harry; Mrakovcic-Sutic, Ines; Depolo, Arsen; Radosevic-Stasic, Biserka
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the gold standard in gallbladder surgery all over the world today. The operation is routinely performed using four or three ports of entry into the abdomen. We have now modified this procedure and introduced a new innovative two-port method of gallbladder removal. Between September 1997 and November 1997, 50 consecutive patients (41 females and 9 males; mean age 41 years) with calculus cholecystitis underwent our new two-port procedure. In this operation, only the supraumbilical port (10 mm/5 mm) and the epigastric port (10 mm) were used for access. The gallbladder was manipulated through three strategically placed traction sutures, passed through the fundus, the body, and the neck area of the gallbladder, respectively. The operating time required was 35 to 125 minutes, with an average time of 56 minutes. None of the patients required conversion to the four-port technique. All patients were on liquids after 6 hours. The average hospital stay was 1.31 days. Postoperative pain was significantly reduced, and the procedure was cosmetically more acceptable to the patient. PMID:9820723
Ramachandran, C S; Arora, V
A 72-year-old woman with a remote surgical history of a laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) complicated by gallstone spillage presented with fever, 3 weeks of nausea and anorexia, and increasing right upper quadrant abdominal pain. After the LC performed 11 years before symptom presentation, the patient was found to have a fluid collection in the right upper quadrant. The patient was asymptomatic at the time, and had no symptoms while being monitored with sequential scans over the next 5 years. At presentation, computed tomography scans revealed a subhepatic, lobulated fluid collection and a radioopacity, consistent with a gallstone, at the inferior aspect of the fluid collection. Subsequent percutaneous drainage of the fluid collection yielded pus that eventually grew Actinomyces israelii. Intravenous clindamycin therapy was initiated, and with further drainage, the abscess resolved. Intra-abdominal abscess formation can present as a delayed complication dropped stones during LC, but these cases usually present within a few years of the procedure. In this case, however, an intra-abdominal abscess formed 11 years after the LC. This extended duration from surgical manipulation to symptom onset is likely secondary to the indolent nature of the infecting organism, A. israelii. PMID:18097319
Stupak, Daniel; Cohen, Seth; Kasmin, Franklin; Lee, Young; Siegel, Jerome H
AIM: To evaluate the impact of a preoperative “triple non-invasive diagnostic test” for diagnosis and/or exclusion of common bile duct stones. METHODS: All patients with symptomatic gallstone disease, operated on by laparoscopic cholecystectomy from March 2004 to March 2006 were studied retrospectively. Two hundred patients were included and reviewed by using a triple diagnostic test including: patient’s medical history, routine liver function tests and routine ultrasonography. All patients were followed up 2-24 mo after surgery to evaluate the impact of triple diagnostic test. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients were identified to have common bile duct stones. Lack of history of stones, negative laboratory tests and normal ultrasonography alone was proven to exclude common bile duct stones in some patients. However, a combination of these three components (triple diagnostic), was proven to be the most statistically significant test to exclude common bile duct stones in patients with gallstone disease. CONCLUSION: Using a combination of routinely used diagnostic components as triple diagnostic modality would increase the diagnostic accuracy of common bile duct stones preoperatively. This triple non-invasive test is recommended for excluding common bile duct stones and to identify patients in need for other investigations. PMID:17963302
Pourseidi, Bahram; Khorram-Manesh, Amir
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) actually represents the most used and proper treatment for gallbladder lithiasis, because its many and known advantages in comparison with 'open' abdominal surgery. But there are some problems during and after LC due to the use of the electric scalpel and these have brought to the search of an alternative system of dissection and coagulation. The ultrasonically activated scalpel (Harmonic Scalpel, HS) allows to perform dissection and coagulation with a minimal thermal side effect for surrounding tissues, unlike the electrocoagulation. Furthermore, the use of the HS brings a series of advantages in comparison to the other electromagnetic forms of energy (electro-scalpel, laser). HS cuts and coagulates with the same effectiveness of the electro-scalpel but, unlike this, it doesn't introduce risks of wandering currents. Moreover, HS contributes to have a more clean and clear (smokes-free) field of operation and it reduces the operative time, the bleeding and the costs of the operation without an increase of the complications and of the percentages of 'open' conversion, and perhaps leads to a less negative influence on the postoperative systemic immune response. The Authors report their experience that confirm these observations, according also with results reported in a brief review of the recent scientific literature, and support wider diffusion and technical development of this ultrasonically-operating surgical team. PMID:18507962
Minutolo, V; Gagliano, G; Rinzivillo, C; Li Destri, G; Carnazza, M; Minutolo, O
Purpose: our study compared the effect of fentanyl alone with fentanyl plus intravenous Paracetamol for analgesic efficacy, opioid sparing effects, and opioid-related side effects after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Materials and Methods: eighty patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomized into two groups, who were given either an IV placebo or an IV injection of 1g paracetamol just before induction. Both groups received fentanyl during induction and IM diclofenac for pain relief every 8 hourly for 24 h after surgery. The postoperative pain relief was evaluated by a visual analog scale (VAS) and consumption of fentanyl as rescue analgesic in the postoperative period for 24 h after surgery was measured. The incidence of PONV and sedation scores was also measured in the postoperative period. Results: the mean VAS score in first and second hour after surgery was less in the group receiving IV Paracetamol (3.3±0.4* vs. 5.2±0.9; 3.1±0.4* vs. 4.3±0.3); the fentanyl consumption over first 24 h was also less in the group receiving IV paracetamol (50±14.9 vs. 150±25.8). The time requirement of first dose of rescue analgesic in the postoperative period was also significantly prolonged in the group receiving IV paracetamol (76±24.7 vs. 48±15.8). There was no difference in the sedation scores and in the incidence of PONV in the two groups. Conclusion: The study demonstrates the usefulness of intravenous paracetamol as pre-emptive analgesic in the treatment of postoperative pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Choudhuri, Anirban Hom; Uppal, Rajeev
Background: We aimed to compare hemodynamic and endocrine alterations caused by stress response due to Proseal laryngeal mask airway and endotracheal tube usage in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Materials and Methods: Sixty-three ASA I-II patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in the study. Patients were randomly allocated into two groups of endotracheal tube and Proseal laryngeal mask airway. Standard general anaesthesia was performed in both groups with the same drugs in induction and maintenance of anaesthesia. After anaesthesia induction and 20 minutes after CO2 insufflations, venous blood samples were obtained for measuring adrenalin, noradrenalin, dopamine and cortisol levels. Hemodynamic and respiratory parameters were recorded at the 1st, 5th, 15th, 30th and 45th minutes after the insertion of airway devices. Results: No statistically significant differences in age, body mass index, gender, ASA physical status, and operation time were found between the groups (p > 0.05). Changes in hemodynamic and respiratory parameters were not statistically significant when compared between and within groups (p > 0.05). Although no statistically significant differences were observed between and within groups when adrenalin, noradrenalin and dopamine values were compared, serum cortisol levels after CO2 insufflation in PLMA group were significantly lower than the ETT group (p = 0.024). When serum cortisol levels were compared within groups, cortisol levels 20 minutes after CO2 insufflation were significantly higher (46.1 (9.5-175.7) and 27.0 (8.3-119.4) in the ETT and PLMA groups, respectively) than cortisol levels after anaesthesia induction (11.3 (2.8-92.5) and 16.6 (4.4-45.4) in the ETT and PLMA groups, respectively) in both groups (p = 0.001). Conclusion: PLMA usage is a suitable, effective and safe alternative to ETT in laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients with lower metabolic stress. PMID:23264788
Gulec, Handan; Cakan, Turkay; Yaman, Halil; Kilinc, Aytul Sadan; Basar, Hulya
Background Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the treatment of choice for symptomatic gallstone disease. Cultural as well as organisational\\u000a differences can result in significant variations of postoperative length of stay.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Aim of the present study The aim of this study is to evaluate whether differences in postoperative length of stay and early postoperative outcome can\\u000a be observed by comparison of an Australian rural centre
Matthias W. Wichmann; Reinhold Lang; Eben Beukes; Shaukat Taher Esufali; Karl-Walter Jauch; Tanyia K. Hüttl; Thomas P. Hüttl
INTRODUCTION Left-sided gallbladder is a rare anatomical variation. Usually it is discovered intra-operatively and is accompanied by anatomic variations that can prove quite challenging during laparoscopy. PRESENTATION OF CASE From a total of almost 3000 laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed in our institution, two cases of left sided gallbladder were unexpectantly identified intraoperatively. There were no indications for the ectopy preoperatively. In both cases modifications of the standard laparoscopic technique were mandatory. They were performed safely with no post-operative complications. Modifications consisted of transposition of the subxiphoid entry port and alteration in the direction of traction of the rest of the graspers. A review of the literature for methods of safe laparoscopic cholecystectomy was conducted. DISCUSSION The surgeon must be aware of the anatomic variances in the rare occasion of a left sided gallbladder, since preoperative diagnosis is very difficult. CONCLUSION Knowledge of potential hazards and modifications of laparoscopic technique is mandatory in order to avoid complications. PMID:25262322
Nastos, Constantinos; Vezakis, Antonios; Papaconstantinou, Ioannis; Theodosopoulos, Theodosios; Koutoulidis, Vassilios; Polymeneas, George
Introduction: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is conventionally performed under general anaesthesia (GA) in our institution. There are multiple studies which have found spinal anaesthesia as a safe alternative. We have conducted this study of LC, performed under spinal anesthesia to assess its safety and feasibility in comparison with GA. Materials and Methods: Fifty patients with symptomatic gallstone disease and American Society of Anesthesiologists status I or II were randomised to have LC under spinal (n = 25) or general (n = 25) anesthesia. Intraoperative vitals, postoperative pain, complications, recovery, and surgeon satisfaction were compared between the 2 groups. Results: In the SA group six patients (24%) complained of shoulder pain, two patients required conversion to GA (8%) as the pain did not subside with Fentanyl. None of the patients in the SA group had immediate postoperative pain at operated site. Only two (8%) patients had pain score of 4 at the operative site within eight hours requiring rescue analgesic. One patient had nausea but no vomiting (4%). All the patients (100%) in the GA group had pain at operated site immediately after surgery and their pain score ranged from 4-7, all patients received rescue analgesic before shifting to the ward. In the first 24h tramadol required as rescue in the GA group was 82±24 mg which was significantly higher than the SA group requiring only 30±33.16 mg. Although, the GA group had more patients experiencing postoperative nausea & vomiting it was not statistically significant. Conclusion: SA as the sole anaesthesia technique is feasible, safe and cost effective for elective LC. PMID:25302232
Pujari, Vinayak S; R, Sreevathsa.M.; Hiremath, Bharati. V.; Bevinaguddaiah, Yatish
INTRODUCTION: The feasibility of the single incision, multiport transumbilical approach(SILC) for the treatment of symptomatic gallbladder calculus disease has been established. AIMS: The study examines both short and long term morbidity of the SILC approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All the 1338 patients were operated by the same surgeon through a transversely placed umbilical incision in the upper third of the umbilicus. Three conventional ports,10,5 and 5 mm were introduced through the same skin incision but through separate transfascial punctures. The instruments were those used for standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy(SLC).Patients with acute cholecystitis and calculous pancreatitis were included,while those with choledocholithiasis were excluded. Results were compared with those of SLC. RESULTS: Forty patients had difficult gall bladders, 214 had acute cholecystitis, and 16 had calculous pancreatitis. The mean operating time was 24.7 mins as compared to 18.4 mins in SLC. Intracorporeal knotting was required in four patients. Conversion to SLC was required in 12 patients. Morrisons pouch drain was left in 3 patients. Injectable analgesics were required in 85% vs 90% (SILC vs SLC) on day 1 and 25% vs 45% on day 2 and infection was seen in 6(0. 45%) patients. Port site hernia was seen in 2 patients. The data was compared with that of SLC and significance calculated by the student ‘t’ test. A p value less than 0.05 was considered as significant. CONCLUSIONS: Trans umbilical SILC gives comparable results to SLC, and is a superior alternative when cosmesis and postoperative pain are considered, but the operative time is significantly more.
Sinha, Rajeev; Yadav, Albel S
Background Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are potential complications in patients after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Combination antiemetic therapy often is effective for preventing PONV in patients undergoing LC, and combinations of antiemetics targeting different sites of activity may be more effective than monotherapy. Objective The aim of this study was to compare the administration of a subhypnotic dose of propofol combined with dexamethasone with one of propofol combined with metoclopramide to prevent PONV after LC. Methods Sixty adult patients scheduled for LC were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups. The patients in group 1 received 0.5 mg/kg propofol plus 8 mg dexamethasone, and those in group 2 received 0.5 mg/kg propofol plus 0.2 mg/kg metoclopramide. The number of patients experiencing nausea and vomiting at 0 to 4, 4 to 12, and 12 to 24 hours postoperatively and as well as additional use of rescue antiemetics were recorded. Results The total PONV rates up to 24 hours postanesthesia were 23.3% and 50% for group 1 and group 2, respectively. Comparisons of the data revealed that at 0 to 4 hours, the number of patients experiencing vomiting was 6 (20%) in group 1 and14 (46.7%) in group 2 (P = 0.028). The frequency of vomiting in group 1 was significantly lower than that for group 2 (P = 0.028), and the rate of rescue antiemetic use in group 2 was higher than that in group 1 (20% vs 46.7%; P = 0.028). In the evaluation of PONV based on the nausea and vomiting scale scores, the mean PONV score was 0.4 (0.2) in group 1 compared with 1.0 (0.2) in group 2 (P = 0.017). There were no significant differences between the values at 4 to 12 hours and at 12 to 24 hours. The frequency of adverse reactions (respiratory depression: 1.3%, 1.3%; laryngospasm: 1.3%, 0%; cough: 1.3%, 0%; hiccup: 1.3%, 0%;) was not significantly different in the 2 groups. Conclusions Administration of a subhypnotic dose of 0.5 mg/kg propofol plus 8 mg dexamethasone at the end of surgery was more effective than administration of 0.5 mg/kg propofol plus metoclopramide in preventing PONV in the early postoperative period in adult patients undergoing LC. PMID:24648571
Arslan, Mustafa; Cicek, Ramazan; Kalender, Hulya Ustun; Yilmaz, Huseyin
Cholecystocholedocholithiasis: a case–control study comparing the short- and long-term outcomes for a “laparoscopy-first” attitude with the outcome for sequential treatment (systematic endoscopic sphincterotomy followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy)
Background No unanimous consensus has been achieved regarding the ideal management of cholecystocholedocholithiasis. The treatment of\\u000a gallbladder and common bile duct (CBD) stones may be achieved currently according to a two-step-protocol (endoscopic sphincterotomy\\u000a associated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy) or by a one-step laparoscopic procedure, including exploration of the CBD and\\u000a cholecystectomy. Endoscopic sphincterotomy is reported to have considerable morbidity\\/mortality and CBD stone
Renato Costi; Antonio Mazzeo; Francesco Tartamella; Christine Manceau; Bernard Vacher; Alain Valverde
Acute calculous cholecystitis is a common disease in cirrhotic patients. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can resolve this problem but is performed based on the premise that the local inflammation must been controlled. An Initial ultrasound guided percutaneous transhepatic cholecystostomy may reduce the local inflammation and provide advantages in subsequent surgery. In this paper, we detailed our experience of treating acute severe calculous cholecystitis in patients with advanced cirrhosis by delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy plus initiated ultrasound guided percutaneous transhepatic cholecystostomy and provided the analysis of the treatment effect. We hope this paper can provided a kind of standard procedure for this special disease; however, further prospective comparative randomized trials are needed to assess this treatment in cirrhotic patients with acute cholecystitis. PMID:24772166
Huang, Pingzhu; Chen, Xingui; Yang, Peisheng
Background: Postoperative pain is one of the most common complaints after elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The present study was aimed to evaluate the effect of paravertebral block using bupivacaine with/without fentanyl on postoperative pain and complications after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Materials and Methods: This study was done on 90 patients scheduled to undergo elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patients were assessed in two groups: The case group received bupivacaine and fentanyl, and the control group received bupivacaine and normal saline. Primary outcomes were severity of postoperative pain at rest and during coughing. Secondary outcomes were postoperative cumulative morphine consumption and the incidence of side-effects. Results: Pain score at rest before surgery, after recovery, hour-1 and hour-6 was not significantly different between the groups. But in hour-24 cases, the pain score during coughing was significantly higher than controls. Severity of pain at rest in time points was not different between groups. The frequencies (%) of moderate pain at mentioned times in case and control groups were 64, 31, 16, 9, 0 versus 67, 16, 7, 4, and 0, respectively. Pain score during coughing was lower in controls at hour-24 in comparison with cases, but in other time points was not significant. The control group significantly received more total dose of morphine in comparison with cases group. Nausea, vomiting and hypotension were similar in groups, but pruritus was significantly different between the groups. Conclusion: Adding fentanyl to bupivacaine in paravertebral block did not significantly improve the postoperative pain and complications after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, further studies are needed to be done. PMID:25250301
Hashemi, Seyed Jalal; Heydari, Seyed Morteza; Hashemi, Seyed Taghi
Objective Better patient-reported outcomes (PROs) of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) are premised upon PROs such as postoperative\\u000a pain and fatigue. These PROs are indices of convalescence and return to normal activity. Curcumin (turmeric) is used in India\\u000a for traumatic pain and fatigue for its anti-inflammatory\\/antioxidant and tissue modulation\\/healing properties. We studied\\u000a the effect of curcumin on pain and postoperative fatigue in patients
Krishna Adit AgarwalC; C. D. Tripathi; Brij B. Agarwal; Satish Saluja
Situs inversus totalis is a rare condition, which presents difficulties in diagnosis and treatment of gallstones due to the reversal location of abdominal organs. In this article we present 2 cases of women in age of 51 and 55 years with situs inversus totalis and gallstones. There are described the clinical and imaging features, also the laparoscopic surgery with the difficulties encountered by right handed surgeon. In patients with situs inversus totalis, laparoscopic surgery may be performed safely by a surgeon with experience. PMID:23482252
Demiryilmaz, Ismail; Yilmaz, Ismayil; Albayrak, Yavuz; Peker, Kemal; Sahin, Atalay; Sekban, Nurdan
Access Surgery Andrea Bajo, Roger E. Goldman, Long Wang, Dennis Fowler, and Nabil Simaan Abstract Platform (IREP) for Single Port Access Surgery (SPAS). The unique design of the IREP includes planar that the IREP meets the minimal workspace and dexterity requirements specified for laparoscopic surgery
Aims Making correct decisions is an integral part of surgical competency and excellence. The learning of this expert skill takes\\u000a years to accumulate during training. To date there has not been an attempt to accelerate this learning process by developing\\u000a a tool. In our present study we develop a self-appraisal computer software learning and assessment decision-making tool for\\u000a laparoscopic surgery. It
Sudip K. Sarker; Saif Rehman; Meera Ladwa; Avril Chang; Charles Vincent
Blood glucose estimation as an indirect assessment of modulation of neuroendocrine stress response by dexmedetomidine versus fentanyl premedication during laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A clinical study
Background: Anesthesia and surgery-induced neuroendocrine stress response can be modulated by appropriate premedication. The present study was designed to assess the clinical efficacy of dexmedetomidine versus fentanyl premedication for modulation of neuroendocrine stress response by analyzing the perioperative variation of blood glucose level during laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia. Subjects and Methods: In a prospective randomized double-blind study, 60 adult consented patients of either sex with ASA I and II, scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia and meeting the inclusion criteria, were allocated into two groups. Group D patients (n = 30) were given intravenous dexmedetomidine 1?g/kg and Group F patients (n = 30) received fentanyl 2 ?g/kg, given over a 10-min period, before induction of anesthesia. Perioperative blood glucose levels were analyzed preoperatively, at 30 min after beginning of surgery, and 2.5 h after surgery. Anesthetic and surgical techniques were standardized. All patients were also assessed for intraoperative hemodynamic changes of heart rate and mean arterial pressure at specific timings. Results: Blood glucose concentration has shown 20% increase after surgery. The differences between groups were not statistically significant as observed by analyzing the variation of serial perioperative blood glucose estimation. Both premedicants had attenuated the hemodynamic and neuroendocrine stress response of pneumoperitoneum and general anesthesia. The dexmedetomidine group showed more stabilization of intraoperative hemodynamics of mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate when compared to fentanyl group. Conclusion: During the laparoscopic cholecystectomy, dexmedetomidine and fentanyl, both premedicants have effectively modulated the neuroendocrine stress response of general anesthesia as assessed by analysis of perioperative blood glucose variation, but dexmedetomidine was better.
Gupta, Kumkum; Maggo, Aman; Jain, Manish; Gupta, Prashant K.; Rastogi, Bhawna; Singhal, Apoorva B.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with attenuated acute-phase response and hypercoagulable state compared with the open procedure. Single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a new technique aiming to minimize the invasiveness of the procedure. By comparing the degree of coagulation and fibrinolysis activation after conventional multiport (CLC) and single-incision (SILC) laparoscopic cholecystectomy, we aimed to determine whether the reduced incision size induces a lower thrombophilic tendency. Thirty-two adult patients with noncomplicated symptomatic cholelithiasis were nonrandomly assigned to CLC or SILC. Prothrombin fragment 1 + 2 (F1 + 2), thrombin-antithrombin complexes (TAT), D-dimers, fibrinogen, and von Willebrand factor levels were measured at baseline, at 1st, and 24th hour, postoperatively. Twenty-six patients were finally included in the study. Fifteen patients underwent CLC (male/female: 5/10) and 11 underwent SILC (male/female: 1/10). There were no perioperative complications. An almost similar postoperative pattern and degree of activation of coagulation and fibrinolysis pathways was noted in both groups. No statistically significant differences were found between SILC and CLC for F1 + 2, TAT, D-dimers, fibrinogen, and von Willebrand factor levels, duration of surgery, length of hospital stay, and postoperative morbidity. A similar pattern and extent of coagulation and fibrinolysis activation is present in SILC and CLC, and therefore there is no difference in tendency for thrombosis. Thromboembolic prophylaxis should be considered in SILC as recommended for CLC, pharmacologic or mechanical, considering the hemorrhagic risk and the presence of additional thromboembolism risk factors. SILC appears to be a safe, feasible technique that can be recommended for its potential advantages in cosmesis and reduced incisional pain. PMID:23575915
Zezos, Petros; Christoforidou, Anna; Kouklakis, Georgios; Tsalikidis, Christos; Dimakis, Constantinos; Laftsidis, Prodromos; Virgiliou, Andriana; Simopoulos, Constantinos; Pitiakoudis, Michail
Background/Aim. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is currently the gold standard treatment for gallstone disease. Bile duct injury is a rare and severe complication of this procedure, with a reported incidence of 0.4% to 0.8% and is mostly a result of misperception and misinterpretation of the biliary anatomy. Robotic cholecystectomy has proven to be a safe and feasible approach. One of the latest innovations in minimally invasive technology is fluorescent imaging using indocyanine green (ICG). The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of ICG and the Da Vinci Fluorescence Imaging Vision System in real-time visualization of the biliary anatomy. Methods. A total of 184 robotic cholecystectomies with ICG fluorescence cholangiography were performed between July 2011 and February 2013. All patients received a dose of 2.5 mg of ICG 45 minutes prior to the beginning of the surgical procedure. The procedures were multiport or single port depending on the case. Results. No conversions to open or laparoscopic surgery occurred in this series. The overall postoperative complication rate was 3.2%. No biliary injuries occurred. ICG fluorescence allowed visualization of at least 1 biliary structure in 99% of cases. The cystic duct, the common bile duct, and the common hepatic duct were successfully visualized with ICG in 97.8%, 96.1%, and 94% of cases, respectively. Conclusions. ICG fluorescent cholangiography during robotic cholecystectomy is a safe and effective procedure that helps real-time visualization of the biliary tree anatomy. PMID:24616013
Daskalaki, Despoina; Fernandes, Eduardo; Wang, Xiaoying; Bianco, Francesco Maria; Elli, Enrique Fernando; Ayloo, Subashini; Masrur, Mario; Milone, Luca; Giulianotti, Pier Cristoforo
Background Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in acute calculous cholecystitis in high risk patients can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Percutaneous cholecystostomy may be an alternative treatment option but the current literature does not provide the surgical community with evidence based advice. Methods/Design The CHOCOLATE trial is a randomised controlled, parallel-group, superiority multicenter trial. High risk patients, defined as APACHE-II score 7-14, with acute calculous cholecystitis will be randomised to laparoscopic cholecystectomy or percutaneous cholecystostomy. During a two year period 284 patients will be enrolled from 30 high volume teaching hospitals. The primary endpoint is a composite endpoint of major complications within three months following randomization and need for re-intervention and mortality during the follow-up period of one year. Secondary endpoints include all other complications, duration of hospital admission, difficulty of procedures and total costs. Discussion The CHOCOLATE trial is designed to provide the surgical community with an evidence based guideline in the treatment of acute calculous cholecystitis in high risk patients. Trial Registration Netherlands Trial Register (NTR): NTR2666 PMID:22236534
We report our case of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy with D1 + ? lymph node dissection for a patient with early gastric cancer and laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallstone with situs inversus totalis. A superficial elevated lesion was found on the lesser curvature of the antrum. The preoperative diagnosis was cStage IA (cT1, cN0, cH0, cP0, cM0). A 1 cm-sized gallstone was found in the fundus through upper abdominal ultrasound. A laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy with standard D2 lymph node dissection for early gastric cancer and laparoscopic cholecystectomy was successfully performed by not shifting the monitor to the left and right and not changing operator's position without additional blood loss and time. The number of retrieved lymph nodes was 36. We have not found any abnormal course of blood vessels except for the right/left inversion. Billroth I reconstruction was performed through end-to-side anastomosis. Based on a histopathological examination, a 1.5 × 1.5 cm, submucosal (sm3), moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma (pT1, pN0, sH0, sP0, sM0, stage IA) was diagnosed. The postoperative course was favorable and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 7. PMID:22319735
Seo, Kyung Won; Yoon, Ki Young
Single-port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS) is proposed to be a step towards minimizing the invasiveness of surgery, and has since gained popularity in several surgical sub-specialties including hepatopancreatobiliary surgery. SPLS has since been applied to cholecystectomy, liver resection as well as pancreatectomy for a multitude of pathologies. Benefits of SPLS over conventional multi-incision laparoscopic surgery include improved cosmesis and potentially post-operative pain at specific time periods and extra-umbilical sites. However, it is also associated with longer operating time, increased rate of complications, and increased rate of port-site hernia. There is no significant difference between length of hospital stay. SPLS has a significant learning curve that affects operating time, rate of conversion and rate of complications. In this article, we review the literature on SPLS in hepatobiliary surgery - cholecystectomy, hepatectomy and pancreatectomy, and offer tips on overcoming potential technical obstacles and minimizing the complications when performing SPLS - surgeon position, position of port and instruments, instrument crossing position, standard hand grip vs reverse hand grip, snooker cue guide position, prevention of incisional hernia. SPLS is a promising direction in laparoscopic surgery, and we recommend step-wise progression of applications of SPLS to various hepatopancreatobiliary surgeries to ensure safe adoption of the surgical technique. PMID:25339820
Chang, Stephen Kin Yong; Lee, Kai Yin
Multiport laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) is considered the "gold standard" for the management of surgical diseases in normal or slightly enlarged spleens. The concept of minimal-invasive surgical techniques has progressed since the early 1990s from standard multiport laparoscopy to natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) and, more recently, to single-port access (SPA). In this paper, we describe our technique for SPA splenectomy and provide a critical review of the current literature on SPA for splenic diseases.Preliminary results published to date indicate that the spleen can be safely removed using single-incision surgery and all the authors have unanimously endorsed the feasibility of this approach. However, available evidence is still scarce. It is based only on case reports and one small series, with a total of 17 patents and, therefore, firm conclusions cannot yet be drawn and more experience and comparative trials are needed to determine the exact role of this interesting new approach. PMID:21197244
Targarona, Eduardo M; Lima, Maria B; Balague, Carmen; Trias, Manuel
Objective The objective of the study is to evaluate short-term complications after laparoscopic (LC) or open cholecystectomy (OC) in patients with gallstones by using linked hospital discharge data. Design Population-based cohort study. Setting Data were obtained from the Regional Hospital Discharge Registry Lazio Region in Central Italy (around 5 million inhabitants) in 2007–2008. Participants All patients admitted to hospitals of Lazio with symptomatic gallstones (International Classification of disease, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM)=574) who underwent LC (ICD-9-CM 51.23) or OC (ICD-9-CM 51.22). Outcome measures (1)‘30-day surgical-related complications’ defined as any complication of the biliary tract (including postoperative infection, haemorrhage or haematoma or seroma complicating a procedure, persistent postoperative fistula, perforation of bile duct and disruption of wound). (2) ‘30-day systemic complications’ defined as any complications of other organs (including sepsis, infections from other organs, major cardiovascular events and selected adverse events). Results 13?651 patients were included; 86.1% had LC, 13.9% OC. 2.0% experienced surgical-related complications (SRC), 2.1% systemic complications (SC). The OR of complications after LC versus OC was 0.60 (p<0.001) for SRC and 0.52 (p<0.001) for SC. In relation to SRC, the advantage of LC was consistent across age categories, severity of gallstones and previous upper abdominal surgery, whereas there was no advantage among people with emergency admission (OR=0.94, p=0.764). For SC, no significant advantage of LC was seen among very old people (OR=0.99, p=0.975) and among those with previous upper abdominal surgery (OR=0.86, p=0.905). Conclusions This large observational study confirms that LC is more effective than OC with respect to 30-day complications. Population-based linkage of administrative datasets can enlarge evidence of treatment benefits in clinical practice. PMID:23408075
Agabiti, Nera; Stafoggia, Massimo; Davoli, Marina; Fusco, Danilo; Barone, Anna Patrizia; Perucci, Carlo Alberto
Wide introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LCHE) caused during last 20 years a significant enhancement of rate of the biliary ducts injuries (BDI). Taking into account the experience gained in performing of more than 40,000 operations of LCHE in a leading clinics, including such in a technically complex situations, as well as experience of more than 500 operations performance for BDI, clinical recommendations, based on principles of a substantiality medicine were elaborated. More than 100 sources of foreign and domestic literature were analyzed, summarizing the results of more than 150,000 operations of LCHE, special attention was drawn to the sources I (meta-analysis and prospective randomized investigations) and II (systematic reviews, thoroughly planned prospective comparative investigations) levels of substantiality. Every paragraph is accompanied by a certain level of a recommendation strength (RS, A-C). It is necessary to follow these recommendations strictly today. PMID:23987021
Nichita?lo, M E; Grubnik, V V; Skums, A V; Ogorodnik, P V; Tkachenko, A I; Malinovski', A V
In 1984, Kozarek first reported the use of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) to perform selective cannulation of the cystic duct, and since then this procedure has also been reported by others. With this procedure, disorders in the gallbladder can be examined in detail, using, for example, selective cytology, and drainage for acute cholecytitis can also be performed. With this procedure, we were able to successfully perform early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Although surgery is often problematic in patients with acute cholecystitis because of inflammation, making Callot's triangle difficult to distinguish, the use of endoscopic naso-gallbladder drainage (ENGBD) during surgery enables us to identify the cystic duct for catheter cannulation. We performed early LC for acute cholecystitis in 18 of 22 patients, while 18 other patients underwent open cholecystectomy during the same period (retrospective study). These two groups were then compared. The LC group had shorter pre- and postoperative periods and shorter hospitalization (P < 0.05). ENGBD resulted in very little bleeding. None of the ENGBD patients required conversion to open surgery, whereas 11.1% of the non-ENGBD patients were converted. ENGBD was successfully employed in 18 of the initial 22 (81.8%) patients. The favorable points in using ENGBD with LC were that (i) the gallbladder inflammation was alleviated even if patients had ascites, and (ii) use of ENGBD normally improved visualization and made cystic duct identification easier. However, if ERCP cannot be carried out, the performance of ENGBD must also be ruled out. PMID:16547666
Toyota, Naoyuki; Takada, Tadahiro; Amano, Hodaka; Yoshida, Masahiro; Miura, Fumihiko; Wada, Keita
The Evolution and Maturation of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in an Academic Practice 1 1 The authors gratefully acknowledge support from the Washington University Institute for Minimally Invasive Surgery as funded by a grant from Ethicon-Endosurgery, Inc
Background: The technique of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has evolved since its adoption in the late 1980s. We sought to document these changes and assess whether patient outcomes were influenced during this maturational process.Study Design: A prospective data base was used to record the outcomes of all LCs performed in an academic surgeon’s practice. Trends over time among 1,165 consecutive patients
Justin S Wu; Deanna L Dunnegan; Donna R Luttmann; Nathaniel J Soper
The standard treatment of cholelithiasis in the United States is surgical removal of the gallbladder, but this treatment often has a major economic impact on the patient: major surgery, lengthy hospitalization, and several weeks' absence from work. Because of this economic factor, there has been a movement toward non-invasive methods, but they, too, have their drawbacks: long-term medical therapy; a
Eddie Joe Reddick; Douglas Ole Olsen
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding has been increasingly performed since its introduction in 1990. Situs inversus totalis\\u000a is a rare anomaly in which transposition of organs to the opposite side of the body occurs. Laparoscopic gastric banding in\\u000a such few patients has been reported in the literature. We discuss a super-obese patient with situs inversus totalis and asymptomatic\\u000a cholelithiasis who previously
Mustafa Taskin; Kagan Zengin; Volkan Ozben
Introduction NOTES cholecystectomy, may eliminate complications related to abdominal incisions. However, the nonmandatory gastrotomy and\\u000a its safe closure is the main controversy accompanying this approach. Transvaginal access has minimal closure consequences\\u000a but the safety of inserting extralong instruments between the intestines and having the angle of approach from below rather\\u000a than from above is questionable. We conducted a study for performing
Ram Elazary; Abed Khalaileh; Gideon Zamir; Michael Har-Lev; Gidon Almogy; Avraham I. Rivkind; Yoav Mintz
Background In recent years, minilaparoscopic cholecystectomy (MLC; total size of trocar incision <25 mm) has been increasingly advocated\\u000a for the removal of the gallbladder, due to potentially better surgical outcomes (e.g., better cosmetic result, reduced pain,\\u000a shorter hospital stay, quicker return to activity), but an evidence-based approach has been lacking. The current systematic\\u000a review was undertaken to evaluate the importance of total size
Rory McCloy; Delia Randall; Stephan A. Schug; Henrik Kehlet; Christian Simanski; Francis Bonnet; Frederic Camu; Barrie Fischer; Girish Joshi; Narinder Rawal; Edmund A. M. Neugebauer
A 43-year-old woman was admitted to the gastroenterology department with colicky pain in the upper abdomen. Four years earlier, she had undergone a laparoscopic cholecystectomy because of cholecystitis. She recognised her current complaints from that previous episode. An endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showed a cavity with a diameter of 2 cm which contained multiple concrements near the liver hilus. An elective surgical exploration was performed. Near the clip of the previous cholecystectomy a bulging of the biliary tract with its own duct was visualised and resected. Histological examination of this "neo" gallbladder showed that the bulging was consistent with the formation of a reservoir secondary to bile leakage, probably caused by a small peroperative lesion of the common bile duct during the previous cholecystectomy. In conclusion, our patient presented with colicky pain caused by concrements inside a 'neo' gallbladder. PMID:23362056
van Dam, Paul M E L; Alexander, Shandrich M; Degreef, Ellen; Salemans, Jan M J I; Roumen, Rudi M H
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a relatively new surgical procedure which is enjoying everincreasing popularity and presenting new anesthetic challenges. The advantages of shorter hospital stay and more rapid return to normal activities are combined with less pain associated with the small limited incisions and less postoperative ileus compared with the traditional open cholecystectomy. The efficacy of laparoscopic appendectomy and hemicolectomy has
A. J. Cunningham
Introduction and Objectives: It has been established that robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery has several advantages when compared with standard laparoscopic surgery. Optics, ergonomics, dexterity and precision are all enhanced with the use of a robotic platform. For these reasons, it was postulated that the application of robotics to laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) could overcome some of the constraints seen with the conventional laparoscopic approach. Issues such as instrument clashing, inability to achieve effective triangulation for dissection and difficulties with intracorporeal suturing have limited the widespread adoption of conventional LESS. The application of robotics has eliminated many of the constraints experienced with conventional LESS; however, challenges still remain. Materials and Methods: A systematic literature review was performed using PubMed to identify relevant studies. There were no time restrictions applied to the search, but only studies in English were included. We used the following search terms: Robotic single site surgery, robotic single port surgery, robotic single incision surgery and robotic laparoendoscopic single site surgery. Results: A number of centers have published their experience with robotic-laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (R-LESS); however, no prospective studies exist. What is clear is that R-LESS minimizes several of the difficulties experienced with conventional LESS, including intracorporeal suturing and triangulation during dissection. Outcomes are comparable to standard robotic surgery, with a trend toward improved cosmesis and reduced pain. However, a significant advantage with regard to these two factors has yet to be demonstrated. Conclusions: R-LESS is technically feasible and the benefits of robotic surgery eliminate many of the challenges seen with conventional LESS. However, despite the advantages of the robotic platform, R-LESS is not free of challenges. Instrument clashing remains an issue due to the bulky profile of the current robotic system. Other issues include lack of space for the assistant at the bedside, inability to incorporate the 4th robotic arm for retraction and difficulties with triangulation. Although solutions for some of these issues are currently under development, R-LESS is still very much in its infancy. PMID:25097321
Samarasekera, Dinesh; Kaouk, Jihad H.
Background Awareness of the relative high rate of adverse events in laparoscopic surgery created a need to safeguard quality and safety\\u000a of performance better. Technological innovations, such as integrated operating room (OR) systems and checklists, have the\\u000a potential to improve patient safety, OR efficiency, and surgical outcomes. This study was designed to investigate the influence\\u000a of the integrated OR system and
Sonja N. Buzink; Lotte van Lier; Ignace H. J. T. de Hingh; Jack J. Jakimowicz
... complications? Complications are rare but may include bleeding, infection and injury to the duct (tube) that carries bile from your gallbladder to your stomach. Also, during laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the intestines or major blood vessels may be ...
Background: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a serious concern in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), with an incidence of 46 to 72%. The purpose of this study was to compare the antiemetic efficacy of intravenous (iv) ondansetron 8 mg, ramosetron 0.3 mg, and palonosetron 0.075 mg for prophylaxis of PONV in high-risk patients undergoing LC. Materials and Methods: In this prospective, randomized, double-blinded study, 87 female patients, 18 to 70 years of age (ASA I and II) and undergoing elective LC under general anesthesia were randomly allocated into three equal groups, the ondansetron group (8 mg iv; n=29), the ramosetron group (0.3 mg iv; n=29), and the palonosetron group (0.075 mg iv; n=29), and the treatments were given just after completion of surgery before extubation. The incidence of complete response (patients who had no PONV and needed no other rescue antiemetic medication), nausea, vomiting, retching, and need for rescue antiemetics over 24 hours after surgery were evaluated. Results: The number of complete responders were 19 (65.5%) for ramosetron, 11 (37.9%) for palonosetron, and 10 (34.5%) for ondansetron, representing a significant difference overall (P=0.034) as well as between ramosetron and ondansetron (P=0.035). Comparison between ramosetron and palonosetron also showed a clear trend favoring the former (P=0.065). Conclusion: Ramosetron 0.3 mg iv was more effective than palonosetron 0.075 mg and ondansetron 8 mg in the early postoperative period, but there was no significant difference in the overall incidence of nausea suffered.
Swaika, Sarbari; Pal, Anirban; Chatterjee, Surojit; Saha, Debashish; Dawar, Nidhi
Laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy was first described by Ger, Schultz, Corbitt, and Filipi in the early 1990s (1-4) and burst upon the surgical scene just after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. It rapidly became popular, and many different techniques for repair were developed. Over the last decade much good work has been done to find which type of laparoscopic repair is best, to determine
Chad J. Davis; Maurice E. Arregui
Background: Unrelieved post-operative pain may result in the physical suffering as well as multiple physiological and the psychological consequences, which may adversely affect the peri-operative outcome and contribute to increase the length of stay in hospital. Objectives: We designed this study to evaluate the effect of IV Paracetamol and Dexmedetomidine as multimodal analgesic technique on post-operative analgesia and to reduce the consumption of the systemic opioid and its adverse effects in cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Materials and Methods: Eighty consenting, American society of Anesthesiologist-physical status-I (ASA-PS-I), female patients, aged 19-60 year was randomly assigned to one of the following two groups: Group P (n = 40) received IV 1 g Paracetamol infusion over 10 min pre-operatively and 6 hourly thereafter and Group D (n = 40) received IV Dexmedetomidine 1 ?g/kg bolus over 10 min pre-operatively and 0.2-0.4 ?g/kg/h thereafter for 24 h. Peri-operative hemodynamic variables, post-operative pain scores, and the need for rescue analgesics were recorded and compared. Results: Profiles of intra-operative hemodynamic changes were similar in both groups in respect to heart rate (HR), diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure except in the systolic blood pressure where Dexmedetomidine significantly reduced it in compare to Paracetamol (P = 0.014). Post-operatively 4th h and 24th h changes in mean HR between two groups was a statistically significant (P < 0.05). Visual analog scale scores were significantly lower in the Group P compared with Group D at 8th, 16th, and 24th h (P < 0.001). Sedation score were statistically higher in the Group D compared with the Group P at post-operative 4th, 8th, 16th, and 24th h (P < 0.006). Conclusion: Adjunctive use of both Paracetamol and Dexmedetomidine infusion reduced opioid use. However, Paracetamol peri-operatively provides adequate analgesia with the less sedation whereas Dexmedetomidine provides analgesia and co-operative sedation.
Swaika, Sarbari; Parta, Nilakshi; Chattopadhyay, Surajit; Bisui, Bikash; Banarjee, Sumantra Sarathi; Chattarjee, Somjit
To determine the safety and efficiacy of laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) in children, a retrospective review of our preliminary experience using LS was compared to results in patients who previously underwent open splenectomy (OS). From July 1993 to January 1995, we performed eight LS procedures in six children with hereditary spherocytosis (HS) and two with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Laparoscopic cholecystectomy
K. Yoshida; Y. Yamazaki; R. Mizuno; H. Yamadera; A. Hara; J. Yoshizawa; M. Kanai
Evaluation of the Efficacy of Methylprednisolone, Etoricoxib and a Combination of the Two Substances to Attenuate Postoperative Pain and PONV in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Prospective, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Trial
Background Establishment of laparoscopic cholecystectomy as an outpatient procedure has accentuated the clinical importance of reducing early postoperative pain, as well as postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). We therefore planned to evaluate the role of a multimodal approach in attenuating these problems. Methods One hundred and twenty adult patients of ASA physical status I and II and undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in this prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study. Patients were divided into four groups of 30 each to receive methylprednisolone 125 mg intravenously or etoricoxib 120 mg orally or a combination of methylprednisolone 125 mg intravenously and etoricoxib 120 mg orally or a placebo 1 hr prior to surgery. Patients were observed for postoperative pain, fentanyl consumption, PONV, fatigue and sedation, and respiratory depression. Results were analyzed by the ANOVA, a Chi square test, the Mann Whitney U test and by Fisher's exact test. P values of less than 0.05 were considered to be significant. Results Postoperative pain and fentanyl consumption were significantly reduced by methylprednisolone, etoricoxib and their combination when compared with placebo (P<0.05). The methylprednisolone + etoricoxib combination caused a significant reduction in postoperative pain and fentanyl consumption as compared to methylprednisolone or etoricoxib alone (P<0.05); however, there was no significant difference between the methylprednisolone and etoricoxib groups (P>0.05). The methylprednisolone and methylprednisolone + etoricoxib combination significantly reduced the incidence and severity of PONV and fatigue as well as the total number of patients requiring an antiemetic treatment compared to the placebo and etoricoxib (P<0.05). Conclusions A preoperative single-dose administration of a combination of methylprednisolone and etoricoxib reduces postoperative pain along with fentanyl consumption, PONV, antiemetic requirements and fatigue more effectively than methylprednisolone or etoricoxib alone or a placebo. PMID:25031815
Agarwal, Amita; Das, Pravin Kumar; Agarwal, Anil; Kumar, Sanjay; Khuba, Sandeep
Background Epidemiological data on characteristics of patients undergoing open or laparoscopic cholecystectomy are limited. In this register study we examined characteristics and mortality of patients who underwent cholecystectomy during hospital stay in Sweden 2000 – 2003. Methods Hospital discharge and death certificate data were linked for all patients undergoing cholecystectomy in Sweden from January 1st 2000 through December 31st 2003. Mortality risk was calculated as standardised mortality ratio (SMR) i.e. observed over expected deaths considering age and gender of the background population. Results During the four years of the study 43072 patients underwent cholecystectomy for benign biliary disease, 31144 (72%) using a laparoscopic technique and 11928 patients (28%) an open procedure (including conversion from laparoscopy). Patients with open cholecystectomy were older than patients with laparoscopic cholecystectomy (59 vs 49 years, p < 0.001), they were more likely to have been admitted to hospital during the year preceding cholecystectomy, and they had more frequently been admitted acutely for cholecystectomy (57% Vs 21%, p < 0.001). The proportion of women was lower in the open cholecystectomy group compared to the laparoscopic group (57% vs 73%, p < 0.001). Hospital stay was 7.9 (8.9) days, mean (SD), for patients with open cholecystectomy and 2.6 (3.3) days for patients with laparoscopic cholecystectomy, p < 0.001. SMR within 90 days of index admission was 3.89 (3.41–4.41) (mean and 95% CI), for patients with open cholecystectomy and 0.73 (0.52–1.01) for patients with laparoscopic cholecystectomy. During this period biliary disease accounted for one third of all deaths in both groups. From 91 to 365 days after index admission, SMR for patients in the open group was 1.01 (0.87–1.16) and for patients in the laparoscopic group 0.56 (0.44–0.69). Conclusion Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is performed on patients having a lower mortality risk than the general Swedish population. Patients with open cholecystectomy are more sick than patients with laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and they have a mortality risk within 90 days of admission for cholecystectomy, which is four times that of the general population. Further efforts to reduce surgical trauma in open biliary surgery are motivated. PMID:17705871
Rosenmuller, Mats; Haapamaki, Markku M; Nordin, Par; Stenlund, Hans; Nilsson, Erik
Background: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are common and potentially distressing adverse events (AEs) associated with surgery and anesthesia. In patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) without antiemetic prophylaxis, the incidence of PONV can be as high as 72%. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the prophylactic antiemetic effects of ondansetron and granisetron in patients undergoing LC when these agents are administered before the end of surgery. Methods: Patients classified by the American Society of Anesthesiologist's physical status as I or II who were scheduled for elective LC were included in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Anesthesia was induced with thiopental 5 mg/kg and fentanyl 2 ?g/kg, and was maintained with isoflurane 1% to 3% in 50% oxygen and 50% nitrous oxide and fentanyl as needed. Approximately 20 to 30 minutes before the end of the surgery, the patients randomly received either IV ondansetron 100 ?g/kg (group O), IV granisetron 40 ?g/kg (group G), or normal saline (group P). Plasma levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were determined preoperatively and 24 hours postoperatively. The patients were observed for 24 hours for PONV and other possible AEs. Postoperative pain intensity was determined using a 10-cm visual analogue scale. Four-point satisfaction scores were determined at 24 hours. Results: Ninety patients (69 women, 21 men) participated in the study. Demographic characteristics and operative data (duration of surgery and anesthesia and amount of intraoperative fentanyl) were similar in the 3 groups. The only AE reported by patients during the 24-hour observation period was nonsevere headache. The number of patients experiencing headache was similar in group P, group O, and group G (10 [33%] patients, 6 [20%], and 10 [33%], respectively). No significant changes were found in presurgical and postsurgical plasma levels of ALT and AST in any group. The mean (SD) satisfaction scores in group O and group G (3.0 [0.4] and 3.0 [0.6], respectively) were significantly higher than those in group P (2.5 [0.5]; both, P < 0.01). Immediately after surgery (period 0), significantly more patients in the placebo group (21 [70%]) experienced PONV compared with those in the ondansetron group (9 [30%]; P < 0.05) and the granisetron group (7 [23%]; P < 0.01). During the 24-hour observation period, a significantly greater number of patients in group P (18 [60%]) required a single dose of a rescue antiemetic drug compared with those in groups O and G (9 [30%] and 6 [20%], respectively; both, P < 0.01). Conclusions: Patients administered ondansetron 100 ?g/kg or granisetron 40 ?g/kg 20 to 30 minutes before the end of LC had significantly higher PONV control during the 24-hour postoperative observation period than patients receiving placebo. However, there were no significant differences between the active treatment groups in the incidence of PONV, patient satisfaction, or AEs. PMID:24692762
Bestas, Azize; Onal, Selami Ates; Bayar, Mustafa Kemal; Yildirim, Asli; Aygen, Erhan
Discharges into ambient water bodies by means of a submerged single-port jet flow can exhibit a great diversity of flow patterns, depending on the geometric and dynamic characteristics of the environment and the discharge flow. igorous classification scheme has been developed--ba...
Subtotal cholecystectomy (SC) is an alternative to open total cholecystectomy (OTC) when variable anatomy or other intraoperative findings preclude safe dissection of Calot's triangle. The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes between SC and OTC in patients with complicated cholecystitis, cases that could not be completed with the original surgical approach and required intraoperative conversion to either SC or OTC. All cases of cholecystectomy converted to SC or OTC from January 2008 to December 2012 were retrospectively identified. Preoperative laboratory values, imaging studies, and clinical demographics were compared between the two groups. The outcome variables analyzed included hospital and intensive care unit length of stay as well as intraoperative complications. In this study, 214 cases of complicated cholecystitis were analyzed; 63 SC and 151 laparoscopic converted to OTC. From the SC group, 46 (73%) were converted to open, 12 (19%) were primary open, and five (8%) were done laparoscopically. There were no statistically significant differences in demographics, preoperative serologic markers, or intraoperative findings (P > 0.05). Five (3.3%) common bile duct (CBD) injuries occurred in the OTC group, whereas none occurred in the SC group. Overall there were 23 (15.2%) complications in the OTC group and nine (14.3%) in the SC group. The aggregate severe complication rate (CBD injury, vascular injury, gastrointestinal injury) was significantly higher in the OTC group (0.0 to 7.9%, P = 0.036). In conclusion, SC may be considered as a safe alternative in complicated cholecystitis. PMID:25264637
Kaplan, Daniel; Inaba, Kenji; Chouliaras, Konstantinos; Low, Garren M I; Benjamin, Elizabeth; Lam, Lydia; Grabo, Daniel; Demetriades, Demetrios
ContextSingle-port transumbilical laparoscopy, also known as embryonic natural orifice transumbilical endoscopic surgery (E-NOTES), has emerged as an attempt to further enhance cosmetic benefits and reduce morbidity of minimally invasive surgery. Within a short span, several clinical reports have emerged in the urologic literature. As this field is poised to move forward, a complete understanding of its evolution and current status
David Canes; Mihir M. Desai; Monish Aron; Georges-Pascal Haber; Raj K. Goel; Robert J. Stein; Jihad H. Kaouk; Inderbir S. Gill
Gallstone disease is a frequent medical problem. Cholelithiasis affects 10% of the population and 30% of patients with gallstones will undergo surgery. The treatment of choice for symptomatic gallstones remains cholecystectomy. A prophylactic cholecystectomy is indicated for asymptomatic patients in the presence of polyps, porcelain gallbladder or during bariatric surgery. The management of the complications of gallstone disease is discussed. At present, common bile duct stones, even if discovered preoperatively, should be managed by a multidisciplinary team including surgeons trained in laparoscopic techniques and gastroenterologists. This review is complemented by the information from a prospective database generated by a program called "DODIG" on 1099 cholecystectomies performed in our institution. PMID:16838726
Gonzalez, M; Toso, C; Zufferey, G; Roiron, T; Majno, P; Mentha, G; Morel, P
Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is generally performed using a four- or five-port technique. We report a unique technique of two-port transcholedochal LCBDE with T-tube placement. Twelve consecutive patients with common bile duct (CBD) stones underwent LCBDE through two entry ports, one homemade single port (Uen port) inserted in a 2-cm umbilical wound and one 5-mm subxiphoid trocar port. With the assistance of a 1.2-mm needle that was inserted through a right lower intercostal space into the abdominal cavity to facilitate the operation, two-port dome-down laparoscopic cholecystectomy, choledochotomy, choledochoscopic removal of ductal caculi, and T-tube choldochostomy were performed with conventional methods using standard laparoscopic instruments along with manually operated angled shafts. After completion of the operation, the T-tube catheter was brought out through the subxiphoid trocar wound. All operations were completed successfully without the need of additional ports. There was no complication and no residual stones. Mean operation time was 120 minutes (range, 90 to 150 minutes), and mean postoperative hospital stay was 3.5 days (range, 3 to 4 days). Scarless wound healing was achieved except one T-tube scar. Two-port transumbilical LCBDE with T-tube choledochostomy is a feasible, safe, and effective technique that allows one-scar abdominal surgery for treatment of CBD stones. Further studies and the development of better instruments are necessary before this can be recommended as a standard procedure. PMID:21679549
Sun, Ding-Ping; Wang, Wen-Ching; Wen, Kuo-Chang; Lin, Kai-Yuan; Lin, Yi-Feng; Wen, Kuo-Shan; Uen, Yih-Huei
INTRODUCTION: Single-port laparoscopy is prospected as the future of minimal invasive surgery. It is hypothesised to cause less post operative pain, with a shorter hospitalisation period and improved cosmetic results. Population- and patient-based opinion is important for the adaptation of new techniques. This study aimed to assess the opinion and perception of a healthy population and a patient population on single-port laparoscopy compared with conventional laparoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous 33-item questionnaire, describing conventional and single-port laparoscopy, was given to 101 patients and 104 healthy volunteers. The survey participants (median age 44 years; range 17-82 years) were asked questions about their personal situation and their expectations and perceptions of the two different surgical techniques; conventional multi-port laparoscopy and single-port laparoscopy. RESULTS: A total of 72% of the participants had never heard of single-port laparoscopy before. The most important concern in both groups was the risk of surgical complications. When complication risks remain similar, 80% prefers single-port laparoscopy to conventional laparoscopy. When the risk of complications increases from 1% to 10%, 43% of all participants prefer single-port laparoscopy. A total of 70% of the participants are prepared to receive treatment in another hospital if single-port surgery is not performed in their hometown hospital. The preference for single-port approach was higher in the female population. CONCLUSION: Although cure and safety remain the main concerns, the population and patients group have a favourable perception of single-port surgery. The impact of public opinion and patient perception towards innovative techniques is undeniable. If the safety of the two different procedures is similar, this study shows a positive attitude of both participant groups in favour of single-port laparoscopy. However, solid scientific proof for the safety and feasibility of this new surgical technique needs to be obtained before this procedure can be implemented into everyday practice. PMID:25013327
Fransen, Sofie AF; Broeders, EPM; Stassen, LPS; Bouvy, ND
During laparoscopic cholecystectomy, gallbladder perforation has been reported, leading to bile leak and spillage of gallstones into the peritoneum. Because the consequences can be dangerous, conversion to laparotomy as an instant management for gallstone spillage is one of the topics of current discussion in laparoscopic cholesystectomy. In this article, we discussed the option of not converting to laparotomy after intraperitoneal
Ali Riza Tumer; Yunus Nadi Yüksek; Ahmet Cinar Yasti; Ugur Gözalan; Nuri Aydin Kama
Background Carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum effects are still controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate cardiopulmonary changes in patients\\u000a subjected to different surgical procedures for cholecystectomy.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods In this study, 15 patients were assigned randomly to three groups according to the surgical procedure to be used: open cholecystectomy\\u000a (OC), CO2 pneumoperitoneum cholecystectomy (PP), and laparoscopic gasless cholecystectomy (abdominal wall lifting
G. Galizia; G. Prizio; E. Lieto; P. Castellano; L. Pelosio; V. Imperatore; A. Ferrara; C. Pignatelli
Background After an initial attack of biliary pancreatitis, cholecystectomy minimizes the risk of recurrent biliary pancreatitis and other gallstone-related complications. Guidelines advocate performing cholecystectomy within 2 to 4 weeks after discharge for mild biliary pancreatitis. During this waiting period, the patient is at risk of recurrent biliary events. In current clinical practice, surgeons usually postpone cholecystectomy for 6 weeks due to a perceived risk of a more difficult dissection in the early days following pancreatitis and for logistical reasons. We hypothesize that early laparoscopic cholecystectomy minimizes the risk of recurrent biliary pancreatitis or other complications of gallstone disease in patients with mild biliary pancreatitis without increasing the difficulty of dissection and the surgical complication rate compared with interval laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods/Design PONCHO is a randomized controlled, parallel-group, assessor-blinded, superiority multicenter trial. Patients are randomly allocated to undergo early laparoscopic cholecystectomy, within 72 hours after randomization, or interval laparoscopic cholecystectomy, 25 to 30 days after randomization. During a 30-month period, 266 patients will be enrolled from 18 hospitals of the Dutch Pancreatitis Study Group. The primary endpoint is a composite endpoint of mortality and acute re-admissions for biliary events (that is, recurrent biliary pancreatitis, acute cholecystitis, symptomatic/obstructive choledocholithiasis requiring endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography including cholangitis (with/without endoscopic sphincterotomy), and uncomplicated biliary colics) occurring within 6 months following randomization. Secondary endpoints include the individual endpoints of the composite endpoint, surgical and other complications, technical difficulty of cholecystectomy and costs. Discussion The PONCHO trial is designed to show that early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (within 72 hours) reduces the combined endpoint of mortality and re-admissions for biliary events as compared with interval laparoscopic cholecystectomy (between 25 and 30 days) after recovery of a first episode of mild biliary pancreatitis. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials: ISRCTN72764151 PMID:23181667
We describe a patient with infected pancreatic necrosis who was treated successfully with minimally invasive surgery. Five weeks after an episode of acute uncomplicated pancreatitis, he was found to have infected pancreatic necrosis and splenic vein thrombosis. The patient underwent a laparoscopic pancreatic necrosectomy, splenectomy, and cholecystectomy. Seven days after surgery, the patient was discharged and continued to be asymptomatic for the 6 months of follow-up. PMID:10794217
Hamad, G G; Broderick, T J
The present case is one of gallstone obstructive ileus due to gallstones 3 yr after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. It is interesting because of the sex of the patient, the fact that ileus occurred 3 yr after cholecystectomy and that the localization of the obstruction was an old side-to-side ileoileal anastomosis due to a diverticulectomy following intussusception of Meckels' diverticulum at the age of 3. PMID:19949687
Potsi, S; Paramythiotis, D; Michalopoulos, A; Papadopoulos, VN; Douros, V; Pantoleon, A; Foutzila-Kalogera, A; Ekonomou, I; Harlaftis, N
Purpose Since laparoscopic appendectomy was first described, various modifications, such as single port incisionless-intracorporeal conventional equipment-endoscopic surgery (SPICES), have been described for reducing pain and improving cosmetic results. In the retrocecal and retrocolic positions, attachments to the lateral peritoneum and cecum may lead to difficulties during SPICES, which is performed with only one port. Here, we present the effects of variations in the position of the vermiform appendix in treating acute appendicitis with SPICES. Methods We retrospectively reviewed 52 children who underwent SPICES for acute appendicitis between March 2010 and November 2011 in our institution. One group (group A) consisted of 30 patients (mean age, 10.5 ± 2.5 years) with retrocecal appendix, while the other group (group B) included 22 patients (mean age, 10.9 ± 2.3 years) with the appendix lying free in the peritoneal cavity. Results There were no significant differences between groups in terms of patient age, gender, success rate of SPICES, mean operating time, mean follow-up period, overall complication rates or mean postoperative hospitalization period. Conclusion These results suggest that SPICES is a safe and feasible approach even in patients with retrocecal acute appendicitis. PMID:23908965
Karakus, Suleyman Cuneyt; Koku, Naim; Ertaskin, Idris
Background Laparoscopic surgery during pregnancy is a challenging procedure that most surgeons are reluctant to perform. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether laparoscopic appendectomy and cholecystectomy is safe in pregnant women. The management of these situations remains controversial. We report a single center study describing the successful management of 16 patients during pregnancy.Methods More than 3,356 laparoscopic procedures were
Nermin Halkic; Adrien A. Tempia-Caliera; Riadh Ksontini; Michel Suter; Jean-François Delaloye; Henri Vuilleumier
A Tree Based Router Search Engine Architecture With Single Port Memories Florin Baboescu , Dean M routers to meet speed demands. Tree-based searches are pipelined across a number of stages to achieve high is the need to provide high packet forwarding rates through the router. This paper presents a novel
Background NOTES is an emerging technique for performing surgical procedures, such as cholecystectomy. Debate about its real benefit over the traditional laparoscopic technique is on-going. There have been several clinical studies comparing NOTES to conventional laparoscopic surgery. However, no work has been done to compare these techniques from a Human Factors perspective. This study presents a systematic analysis describing and comparing different existing NOTES methods to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods Videos of endoscopic/laparoscopic views from fifteen live cholecystectomies were analyzed to conduct a detailed task analysis of the NOTES technique. A hierarchical task analysis of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and several hybrid transvaginal NOTES cholecystectomies was performed and validated by expert surgeons. To identify similarities and differences between these techniques, their hierarchical decomposition trees were compared. Finally, a timeline analysis was conducted to compare the steps and substeps. Results At least three variations of the NOTES technique were used for cholecystectomy. Differences between the observed techniques at the substep level of hierarchy and on the instruments being used were found. The timeline analysis showed an increase in time to perform some surgical steps and substeps in NOTES compared to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Conclusion As pure NOTES is extremely difficult given the current state of development in instrumentation design, most surgeons utilize different hybrid methods – combination of endoscopic and laparoscopic instruments/optics. Results of our hierarchical task analysis yielded an identification of three different hybrid methods to perform cholecystectomy with significant variability amongst them. The varying degrees to which laparoscopic instruments are utilized to assist in NOTES methods appear to introduce different technical issues and additional tasks leading to an increase in the surgical time. The NOTES continuum of invasiveness is proposed here as a classification scheme for these methods, which was used to construct a clear roadmap for training and technology development. PMID:24902811
Chellali, Amine; Schwaitzberg, Steven D.; Jones, Daniel B.; Romanelli, John; Miller, Amie; Rattner, David; Roberts, Kurt E.; Cao, Caroline G.L.
Three hundred six injuries or complications coincident to 296 laparoscopic cholecystectomies were analyzed for the nature\\u000a and extent of injuries and litigious outcomes that followed. The data were drawn from 31 member companies of the Physician\\u000a Insurers Association of America, a trade association that initiated the study. The outcomes were compared to 261 contemporaneous\\u000a open cholecystectomy claims. Biliary tract injuries
James G. Chandler; C. Randle Voyles; Tammy L. Floore; Lori A. Bartholomew
The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the mid-term outcome (average follow-up 10 months, range 6-18 months) and value of transaxillary single-port thoracic sympathectomy using a thoracoscope with an operating channel for the treatment of hyperhidrosis. Between December 1992 and October 2002, 176 consecutive patients (94 men, 82 women, mean age 21 years) with hyperhidrosis underwent thoracoscopic sympathectomy via a 12-mm single-port approach. Data on postoperative morbidity and outcome were analyzed to validate the technique. Mean operative time per side was 9 min; there was no conversion to an open procedure. Ninety-five percent of the patients were discharged the next day. Thirty-day mortality was zero. Complications included unilateral transient Horner's syndrome (n=1), residual pneumothorax requiring chest drainage from the port entry (n=4), and segmental atelectasis of the lung (n=4) which was treated conservatively. Complete relief of symptoms was observed in all patients at the 6-month follow-up; 45% experienced compensatory hyperhidrosis. Single-port thoracoscopic sympathectomy produces excellent medical and cosmetic results in patients with hyperhidrosis, and is associated with a short hospital stay and a low risk of complications. Overall satisfaction is high. A few patients may experience compensatory symptoms. PMID:17670283
Georghiou, Georgios P; Berman, Marius; Bobovnikov, Viacheslav; Vidne, Bernardo A; Saute, Milton
AIM: To introduce robotic cholecystectomy (RC) using new port sites on the low abdominal area. METHODS: From June 2010 to June 2011, a total of 178 RCs were performed at Ajou University Medical Center. We prospectively collected the set-up time (working time and docking time) and console time in all robotic procedures. RESULTS: Eighty-three patients were male and 95 female; the age ranged from 18 to 72 years of age (mean 54.6 ± 15.0 years). All robotic procedures were successfully completed. The mean operation time was 52.4 ± 17.1 min. The set-up time and console time were 11.9 ± 5.4 min (5-43 min) and 15.1 ± 8.0 min (4-50 min), respectively. The conversion rate to laparoscopic or open procedures was zero. The complication rate was 0.6% (n = 1, bleeding). There was no bile duct injury or mortality. The mean hospital stay was 1.4 ± 1.1 d. There was a significant correlation between the console time and white blood cell count (r = 0.033, P = 0.015). In addition, the higher the white blood cell count (more than 10000), the longer the console time. CONCLUSION: Robotic cholecystectomy using new port sites on the low abdominal area can be safely and efficiently performed, with sufficient patient satisfaction. PMID:23716987
Kim, Ji Hun; Baek, Nam Hyun; Li, Guangyl; Choi, Seung Hui; Jeong, In Ho; Hwang, Jae Chul; Kim, Jin Hong; Yoo, Byung Moo; Kim, Wook Hwan
Situs viscerum inversus is a rare condition in which the organs are transposed, totally or partially, to the opposite side of the body. Normally, there are no organ dysfunctions. Clinically, symptoms of cholelithiasis may be clear but confused by the location of the gallbladder on the opposite side. We report the case of a 43-year-old female with occasional colic pain in the epigastrium radiating to the right side and subscapular region, particularly after lunch. The laboratory findings showed normal values and, at physical examination, deep palpation of the abdomen in the epigastric region provoked pain. X-rays, ultrasonography, and CT scan showed the presence of multiple gallstones and the situs viscerum inversus of the abdominal organs. The only pathological finding was cholecystolithiasis. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was judged advisable. Situs viscerum inversus is not a contraindication for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This abnormal anatomical condition may create some initial difficulty for the surgeons, because of the inverted position of the organs. The peculiarity of our case is the unlikely site of the abdominal pain, located in the epigastrium and on the right side although the patient had situs viscerum inversus. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be performed on the left-sided gallbladder proceeding with the "american technique". In difficult cases, open cholecystectomy can be unavoidable. PMID:16734166
Puglisi, Francesco; Troilo, Vito Leopoldo; De Fazio, Michele; Capuano, Palma; Lograno, Giuseppe; Catalano, Giorgio; Martines, Gennaro; Memeo, Vincenzo
Background and Objectives: Our aim is to investigate the anxiety status of the patient before elective cholecystectomy and to analyze the relation between the level of anxiety for a given operation type (laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy) and the corresponding demographic and social data. Methods: A total of 333 patients undergoing cholecystectomy due to cholelithiasis were included in the study; 218 patients (66.1%) received laparoscopic cholecystectomy and 115 patients (33.9%) were treated with open cholecystectomy. The Beck Anxiety Inventory was given to all patients to be completed. We evaluated levels of anxiety in 3 groups as follows: 0 to 15, low to mild anxiety; 16 to 25, moderate anxiety; 26 to 63, severe anxiety. The following patient information remained confidential and was recorded: age and sex, associated disease, civil status, educational status, having open/laparoscopic cholecystectomy, previous knowledge of the operation, job status, economic status, health insurance, and having a child in need of care. Results: The following criteria were determined: the most determinant factors in differentiating between the score groups were having a low level of education, being of the female sex, being single, and having laparoscopic operation; the factors of being a homemaker and over the age of 25 years were determined to have significant effects. Conclusions: When analyzing the results that may appear during the intraoperative and postoperative period, understanding preoperative anxiety, analyzing the risk factors in depth, and taking the necessary precautions are all considerations that need to be the primary objectives of operators who are involved with laparoscopic, endoscopic, and robotic surgery.
Ulucanlar, Haluk; Ay, Ahmet; Ozden, Mustafa
Background During recent years laparoscopic cholecystectomy has dramatically increased, sometimes resulting in overtreatment. Aim of this work was to retrospectively analyze all laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed in a single center in order to find the percentage of patients whose surgical treatment may be explained with this general trend, and to speculate about the possible causes. Methods 831 patients who underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy from 1999 to 2008 were retrospectively analyzed. Results At discharge, 43.08% of patients were operated on because of at least one previous episode of biliary colic before the one at admission; 14.08% of patients presented with acute lithiasic cholecystitis; 14.68% were operated on because of an increase in bilirubin level; 1.56% were operated on because of a previous episode of jaundice with normal bilirubin at admission; 0.72% had gallbladder adenomas, 0.72% had cholangitis, 0.36% had biliodigestive fistula and one patient (0.12%) had acalculous cholecystitis. By excluding all these patients, 21.18% were operated on without indications. Conclusions The broadening of indications for laparoscopic cholecystectomy is undisputed and can be considered a consequence of new technologies that have been introduced, increased demand from patients, and the need for practice by inexperienced surgeons. If not prevented, this trend could continue indefinitely. PMID:23724992
In two hospitals 637 patients undergoing cholecystectomy between June 1989 and June 1993 were entered into a prospective audit. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of postoperative infections, especially wound infections, after open and laparoscopic biliary surgery and to assess the bacteriological data on these patients. The incidence of minor wound infection was 10·4% (66637), of
P. T. den Hoed; R. U. Boelhouwer; H. F. Veen; W. C. J. Hop; H. A. Bruining
A case of the rare congenital anomaly ectopic gallbladder is presented. A 16-year-old girl suffered attacks of epigastric pain unrelated to eating. On abdominal ultrasonography, the gallbladder could not be found in its usual position. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography demonstrated the gallbladder on the left side of the common duct and the cystic duct arising from the right hepatic duct. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was done without complication. This appears to be the first reported case of laparoscopic removal of an ectopic gallbladder. The importance of preoperative cholangiography is emphasized for accurate diagnosis and preoperative location of the gallbladder. PMID:9416258
Chung, C.C.; Leung, K.L.; Lau, W.Y.; Li, Arthur K.C.
Background The value of robotics in general surgery may be for advanced minimally invasive procedures. Unlike other specialties, formal fellowship training opportunities for robotic general surgery are few. As a result, most surgeons currently develop robotic skills in practice. Our goal was to determine whether robotic cholecystectomy is a safe and effective bridge to advanced robotics in general surgery. Methods Before performing advanced robotic procedures, 2 surgeons completed the Intuitive Surgical da Vinci training course and agreed to work together on all procedures. Clinical surgery began with da Vinci cholecystectomy with a plan to begin advanced procedures after at least 10 cholecystectomies. We performed a retrospective review of our pilot series of robotic cholecystectomies and compared them with contemporaneous laparoscopic controls. The primary outcome was safety, and the secondary outcome was learning curve. Results There were 16 procedures in the robotics arm and 20 in the laparoscopic arm. Two complications (da Vinci port-site hernia, transient elevation of liver enzymes) occurred in the robotic arm, whereas only 1 laparoscopic patient (slow to awaken from anesthetic) experienced a complication. None was significant. The mean time required to perform robotic cholecystectomy was significantly longer than laparoscopic surgery (91 v. 41 min, p < 0.001). The mean time to clear the operating room was significantly longer for robotic procedures (14 v. 11 min, p = 0.015). We observed a trend showing longer mean anesthesia time for robotic procedures (23 v. 15 min). Regarding learning curve, the mean operative time needed for the first 3 robotic procedures was longer than for the last 3 (101 v. 80 min); however, this difference was not significant. Since this experience, the team has confidently gone on to perform robotic biliary, pancreatic, gastresophageal, intestinal and colorectal operations. Conclusion Robotic cholecystectomy can be performed reliably; however, owing to the significant increase in operating room resources, it cannot be justified for routine use. Our experience, however, demonstrates that robotic cholecystectomy is one means by which general surgeons may gain confidence in performing advanced robotic procedures. PMID:19865571
Jayaraman, Shiva; Davies, Ward; Schlachta, Christopher M.
Evaluation of Patient Satisfaction Using the EORTC IN-PATSAT32 Questionnaire and Surgical Outcome in Single-Port Surgery for Benign Adnexal Disease: Observational Comparison with Traditional Laparoscopy
Laparoscopic surgery has been demonstrated as a valid approach in almost all gynaecologic procedures including malignant diseases. Benefits of the minimally invasive approach over traditional open surgery have been well demonstrated in terms of minimal perioperative morbidity and reduced postoperative pain and hospital stay duration, with consequent quick postoperative recovery (Medeiros et al. (2009)). Single-port surgery resurfaced in gynaecology surgery in recent years and renewed interest among other surgeons and within the industry to develop this field (Podolsky et al. (2009)). Patient satisfaction is emerging as an increasingly important measure of quality which represents a complex entity that is dependent on patient demographics, comorbidities, disease, and, to a large extent, patient expectations (Tomlinson and Ko (2006)). It can be broadly thought to refer to all relevant experiences and processes associated with health care delivery (Jackson et al. (2001)). In this study we aim to compare single-port surgery (SPS) with conventional laparoscopy in terms of patient satisfaction using the EORTC IN-PATSAT32 questionnaire. We also evaluate the main surgical outcomes of both minimally invasive approaches. PMID:24371418
Buda, Alessandro; Passoni, Paolo; Bargossi, Lorena; Baldo, Romina; Milani, Rodolfo
Endoclip migration into the common bile duct following laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is an extremely rare complication. Migrated endoclip into the common bile duct can cause obstruction, serve as a nidus for stone formation, and cause cholangitis. We report a case of obstructive jaundice and acute biliary pancreatitis due to choledocholithiasis caused by a migrated endoclip 6 mo after LC. The patient underwent early endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with endoscopic sphincterotomy and stone extraction. PMID:18081240
Dolay, Kemal; Alis, Halil; Soylu, Aliye; Altaca, Gulum; Aygun, Ersan
Internal biliary fistula (IBF) is occurred spontaneously due to the biliary disease in most cases. Bilioenteric, biliobiliary, bronchobiliary, and vasculobiliary type of IBF have been reported in the literature. We herein describe our experience with an incidental cholecystojejunal fistula, a very rare type of bilioenteric fistula in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A 61-year-old woman with several years' history of intermittent right upper abdominal pain was admitted to Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital. Abdominal CT scan showed the pneumobilia in gallbladder with common bile duct dilatation. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic sphincterotomy were done. On operative findings, there was a cholecystojejunal fistula. We performed laparoscopic cholecystectomy and fistulectomy with jejunal partial resection. To our knowledge, this is the first report on incidental cholecystojejunal fistula uncombined with any other disease and was treated with laparoscopic procedure. PMID:25368855
Jung, Hae Il; Ahn, Taesung; Cho, Sung Woo; Lee, Moon Soo; Kim, Chang Ho
Internal biliary fistula (IBF) is occurred spontaneously due to the biliary disease in most cases. Bilioenteric, biliobiliary, bronchobiliary, and vasculobiliary type of IBF have been reported in the literature. We herein describe our experience with an incidental cholecystojejunal fistula, a very rare type of bilioenteric fistula in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A 61-year-old woman with several years' history of intermittent right upper abdominal pain was admitted to Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital. Abdominal CT scan showed the pneumobilia in gallbladder with common bile duct dilatation. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic sphincterotomy were done. On operative findings, there was a cholecystojejunal fistula. We performed laparoscopic cholecystectomy and fistulectomy with jejunal partial resection. To our knowledge, this is the first report on incidental cholecystojejunal fistula uncombined with any other disease and was treated with laparoscopic procedure. PMID:25368855
Jung, Hae Il; Ahn, Taesung; Cho, Sung Woo; Bae, Sang Ho; Lee, Moon Soo; Kim, Chang Ho
Inspite of earlier beginning the laparoscopic appendectomy is in the shadow of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. In connection with laparoscopic appendectomy some problems are discussed--his significance or substantiality, techniques, advantages or disadvantages in contrast to classical appendectomy. The authors discussed these questions on the base of their own experiences with 56 laparoscopic appendectomies. These were done from 21. October 1992 to 7. February 1994. Known advantages of laparoscopic procedures are expressed--shorter hospital stay after the operation (in average 2.3 days), better view in the operating field with possibility of the treatment of gynecological pathology. Technical aspects are also discussed. The equipment with staplers according their opinion is needed. The time of the operations--average 44 minutes--is acceptable. The complication and conversion rate, which were noted in 3.6% resp. 5.3%, is quite good. There is a possibility to lower these numbers with increasing experience. The possibility for training in the laparoscopic field is great opportunity especially for young surgeons. In the end there is stated, that the authors consider laparoscopic appendectomy as an important step to the advanced procedures. The broad acceptance is recommended. PMID:7940038
Holéczy, P; Novák, P; Malina, J
U.S. water quality policy includes the concept of a mixing zone, a limited area or volume of water where the initial dilution of a discharge occurs. he Cornell Mixing Zone Expert System (CORMIX1) was developed to predict the dilution and trajectory of a submerged single port disc...
Background and Objectives: The single-incision approach in laparoscopic surgery is a relatively new concept. This systematic review of the literature was performed to appraise the existing clinical evidence concerning the use of the single-incision technique for spleen resection. Methods: We performed a systematic search of the PubMed and Scopus databases, and the studies retrieved were included in our review. The references of the included studies were also hand searched. Results: Thirty-one relevant studies were found in the field including 81 patients with an age range from 0.6 to 90 years and a body mass index range from 18 to 36.7 kg/m2. Splenomegaly (44.6%), idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (31%), and immune thrombocytopenic purpura (6.8%) were the most common indications for the procedure. Concerning the applied port system, multiple single ports (5 to 12 mm) were used in 54.4% of patients, the SILS port (Covidien, Mansfield, Massachusetts) was used in 26.6%, the TriPort (Advanced Surgical Concepts, Wicklow, Ireland) was used in 7.6%, glove ports were used in 6.3%, and the GelPort (Applied Medical, Rancho Santa Margarita, California) was used in 5.1%. The median operative time was 125 minutes (range, 45–420 minutes), and the median quantity of blood loss was 50 mL (range, 10–450 mL). No conversion to open surgery and no transfusion were needed. The length of hospital stay was between 1 and 9 days. Low rates of complications and no patient deaths were found. The existing evidence on cosmesis is limited. Conclusion: Single-site/single-port laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive procedure that seems to be a challenging alternative in the management of spleen resection.
Mourtarakos, Sarantis; Iavazzo, Christos
We evaluated extended cholecystectomy, wedge resection of the gallbladder bed, and regional lymphadenectomy for carcinoma of the gallbladder. Between 1971 and 1993 we treated 227 patients, 59 of whom were treated with simple cholecystectomy and 66 with extended cholecystectomy. The tumors were classified according to the stages proposed by the Japanese Society of Biliary Surgery. For Stage I and II
Hirohiko Onoyama; Masahiro Yamamoto; Anthony Tseng; Tetsuo Ajiki; Yoich Saitoh
The use of laparoscopy can be associated with improved cosmesis following a variety of gastrointestinal procedures versus standard open surgery. The placement of laparoscopic ports in less visible areas of the body such as the bikini line, termed alternative port site selection (APSS), may result in further improved cosmesis. Performance of laparoscopic procedures from such alternative port placement areas may be associated with increased technical challenge. This manuscript discusses APSS approaches for two common laparoscopic procedures, cholecystectomy and gastric banding. Familiarity and implementation of these techniques can allow select patients to undergo procedures with less visible scarring and is less challenging than laparoscopic single site approaches. PMID:20676792
de la Cruz-Munoz, Nestor; Koniaris, Leonidas
Single port access surgery (SPAS) presents surgeons with added challenges that require new surgical tools and surgical assistance systems with unique capabilities. To address these challenges, we designed and constructed a new insertable robotic end-effectors platform (IREP) for SPAS. The IREP can be inserted through a Ø15 mm trocar into the abdomen and it uses 21 actuated joints for controlling two dexterous arms and a stereo-vision module. Each dexterous arm has a hybrid mechanical architecture comprised of a two-segment continuum robot, a parallelogram mechanism for improved dual-arm triangulation, and a distal wrist for improved dexterity during suturing. The IREP is unique because of the combination of continuum arms with active and passive segments with rigid parallel kinematics mechanisms. This paper presents the clinical motivation, design considerations, kinematics, statics, and mechanical design of the IREP. The kinematics of coordination between the parallelogram mechanisms and the continuum arms is presented using the pseudo-rigid-body model of the beam representing the passive segment of each snake arm. Kinematic and static simulations and preliminary experiment results are presented in support of our design choices. PMID:23963105
Ding, Jienan; Goldman, Roger E.; Xu, Kai; Allen, Peter K.; Fowler, Dennis L.
Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopy (VATS) has gaining a special place in the thoracic surgery scenario; nowadays even major pulmonary resections can be performed through this approach. We hereby review our initial experience with uniportal VAT lobectomy, performed passing directly from the open approach to a single port approach. We attempted 26 lobectomies through VATS with a single incision of about 5 cm and 22 of them were completed: eight left lower lobectomies, six right upper lobectomies, five left upper lobectomies and three right lower lobectomies. At pathological staging all but four patients were stage I; three patients were T2N1M0 and one had a micrometastasis in a lymph node of station 7 (T1N2M0—Stage IIIA) and they all underwent adjuvant chemotherapy. No perioperative mortality was observed. One patient had a myocardial infarction in the first postoperative day requiring placement of four stents and another one required thoracentesis after drainage removal. The mean time for drainage removal was 3 days and the length of hospitalization was 4.2±1.1. Pain as measured by the visual analogical scale (VAS) scale was graded as 4.9, 2.6 and 0.5 during the first postoperative day, at discharge and after 1 month respectively. PMID:25379203
Anile, Marco; Diso, Daniele; Mantovani, Sara; Patella, Miriam; Russo, Emanule; Carillo, Carolina; Pecoraro, Ylenia; Onorati, Ilaria; De Giacomo, Tiziano; Rendina, Erino A.
Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopy (VATS) has gaining a special place in the thoracic surgery scenario; nowadays even major pulmonary resections can be performed through this approach. We hereby review our initial experience with uniportal VAT lobectomy, performed passing directly from the open approach to a single port approach. We attempted 26 lobectomies through VATS with a single incision of about 5 cm and 22 of them were completed: eight left lower lobectomies, six right upper lobectomies, five left upper lobectomies and three right lower lobectomies. At pathological staging all but four patients were stage I; three patients were T2N1M0 and one had a micrometastasis in a lymph node of station 7 (T1N2M0-Stage IIIA) and they all underwent adjuvant chemotherapy. No perioperative mortality was observed. One patient had a myocardial infarction in the first postoperative day requiring placement of four stents and another one required thoracentesis after drainage removal. The mean time for drainage removal was 3 days and the length of hospitalization was 4.2±1.1. Pain as measured by the visual analogical scale (VAS) scale was graded as 4.9, 2.6 and 0.5 during the first postoperative day, at discharge and after 1 month respectively. PMID:25379203
Anile, Marco; Diso, Daniele; Mantovani, Sara; Patella, Miriam; Russo, Emanule; Carillo, Carolina; Pecoraro, Ylenia; Onorati, Ilaria; De Giacomo, Tiziano; Rendina, Erino A; Venuta, Federico
Background Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is aimed at improving the cosmetic outcome following surgery. If the incision\\u000a is made through the umbilicus, the surgery is almost ‘scarless.’ This is increasingly being used for laparoscopic cholecystectomy\\u000a with good cosmetic results without compromising the safety of the operation. The challenge of this surgery lies in manipulating\\u000a instruments within the limitations of the closely
S. H. Rahman; B. J. John
Pancreatic serous cystadenomas are rare benign cystic neoplasms. Extended operations are unnecessary for serous cystadenomas and minimally invasive surgery should be performed. Laparoscopic pancreatic procedures are under evaluation. We present a case of a 79-year-old Greek woman with symptomatic cholelithiasis and a serous pancreatic cystadenoma located at the neck of the pancreas. In the occasion of a standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy the pancreatic mass was resected with a novel minimally invasive laparoscopic method preserving the integrity of the main pancreatic duct and the whole pancreas. Laparoscopic resection is a feasible, safe and effective treatment of benign pancreatic tumors, in experienced hands under proper indications. PMID:19830064
Pitiakoudis, Michail; Zezos, Petros; Oikonomou, Anastasia; Tsalikidis, Christos; Kouklakis, Georgios; Botaitis, Sotirios; Simopoulos, Constantinos
Background Primary palmar and/or axillary focal hyperhidrosis is a frequent disorder characterized by excessive sweating beyond physiological needs, often leading to a substantial impairment of quality of life. Over the years several minimally invasive surgical treatments have been described, however results vary, and due to a lack of uniform surgical approach, technique and nomenclature are often difficult to compare. In this prospective study we sought to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of our standardized technique of single-port, one-stage bilateral thoracoscopic sympathicotomy. Methods On a prospective basis a hundred consecutive patients with severe or intolerable primary hyperhidrosis underwent one-stage bilateral single-port thoracoscopic sympathicotomy. Primary outcome was measured in pre- vs. post-operative Hyperhidrosis Disease Severity Scale scores. Location and extend of compensatory hyperhidrosis, and satisfaction with the procedure were registered. Results A significant reduction in mean Hyperhidrosis Disease Severity Scale score (3.69?±?0.47 preoperatively vs. 1.06?±?0.34 postoperatively) (p?0.001) was observed. In 97 (97%) out of the 100 enrolled patients a >80% reduction in sweat production was achieved. Compensatory hyperhidrosis was seen in 27 patients (27%). It was rated as mild by 21 patients (78%) and as moderate by 6 (22%) of these patients. No severe compensatory hyperhidrosis was reported. Major complications, such as intraoperative bleeding, infections, and Horner’s syndrome were not observed. Conclusions Highly selective sympathicotomy at well-defined levels with a one-stage bilateral single-port transaxillary thoracoscopic approach is a save procedure, with excellent and reproducible immediate results in the treatment of primary palmar and/or axillary hyperhidrosis. PMID:24279511
OBJECTIVES Video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy is currently the best treatment for palmar and axillary hyperhidrosis. It can be performed through either one or two stages of surgery. This study aimed to evaluate the operative and postoperative results of two-stage unilateral vs one-stage bilateral thoracoscopic sympathectomy. METHODS From November 1995 to February 2011, 270 patients with severe palmar and/or axillary hyperhidrosis were recruited for this study. One hundred and thirty patients received one-stage bilateral, single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy (one-stage group) and 140, two-stage unilateral, single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy, with a mean time interval of 4 months between the procedures (two-stage group). RESULTS The mean postoperative follow-up period was 12.5 (range: 1–24 months). After surgery, hands and axillae of all patients were dry and warm. Sixteen (12%) patients of the one-stage group and 15 (11%) of the two-stage group suffered from mild/moderate pain (P = 0.8482). The mean operative time was 38 ± 5 min in the one-stage group and 39 ± 8 min in the two-stage group (P = 0.199). Pneumothorax occurred in 8 (6%) patients of the one-stage group and in 11 (8%) of the two-stage group. Compensatory sweating occurred in 25 (19%) patients of the one-stage group and in 6 (4%) of the two-stage group (P = 0.0001). No patients developed Horner's syndrome. CONCLUSIONS Both two-stage unilateral and one-stage bilateral single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomies are effective, safe and minimally invasive procedures. Two-stage unilateral sympathectomy can be performed with a lower occurrence of compensatory sweating, improving permanently the quality of life in patients with palmar and axillary hyperhidrosis. PMID:23442937
Ibrahim, Mohsen; Menna, Cecilia; Andreetti, Claudio; Ciccone, Anna Maria; D'Andrilli, Antonio; Maurizi, Giulio; Poggi, Camilla; Vanni, Camilla; Venuta, Federico; Rendina, Erino Angelo
. \\u000a \\u000a Background: An experimental study was planned to evaluate the effect of bile alone and bile in combination with gallstones on intraperitoneal\\u000a adhesion and abscess formation in the peritoneal cavity of the rat.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: One hundred Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to ten groups (n: 10). Groups 1–3 received a 1-ml intraperitoneal injection of saline, sterile bile, and infected bile. Groups
A. Zorluo?lu; H. Özgüç; T. Yilmazlar; N. Güney
Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is an uncommon anomaly characterised by transposition of organs to the opposite side of the body in a mirror image of normal. It may cause difficulties in the diagnostic and therapeutic management of abdominal pathology due to the mirror-image anatomy. We report the management of a case of symptomatic cholilithiasis with emphasis on its surgical technique. PMID:22375268
Elbeshry, Turky Maeed; Ghnnam, Wagih Mommtaz
Background: Symptomatic or complicated gallstone disease is the most common reason for nongynecological operations during pregnancy.\\u000a Gallstones are present in 12% of all pregnancies, and more than one-third of patients fail medical treatment and therefore\\u000a require surgical endoscopy or laparoscopy. Gallstone pancreatitis and jaundice during pregnancy is associated with a high\\u000a recurrence rate, exposing both fetus and mother to an
P. Sungler; P. M. Heinerman; H. Steiner; H. W. Waclawiczek; J. Holzinger; F. Mayer; A. Heuberger; O. Boeckl
The first virtual-reality-based simulator for Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) is developed called the Virtual Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery Trainer (VTESTTM). VTESTTM aims to simulate hybrid NOTES cholecystectomy procedure using a rigid scope inserted through the vaginal port. The hardware interface is designed for accurate motion tracking of the scope and laparoscopic instruments to reproduce the unique hand-eye coordination. The haptic-enabled multimodal interactive simulation includes exposing the Calot's triangle and detaching the gall bladder while performing electrosurgery. The developed VTESTTM was demonstrated and validated at NOSCAR 2013. PMID:24732469
Ahn, Woojin; Dargar, Saurabh; Halic, Tansel; Lee, Jason; Li, Baichun; Pan, Junjun; Sankaranarayanan, Ganesh; Roberts, Kurt; De, Suvranu
After its debut in 1988, laparoscopic cholecystectomy rapidly became the standard of care for cholelithiasis, yet very few surgeons use minimally invasive techniques for other abdominal operations. Why do most surgeons continue to perform traditional open gastrointestinal operations? We believe that the answer to this question lies in the fact that advanced laparoscopic operations are difficult to learn, perform, and master. A number of inherent pitfalls of laparoscopy hinder the performance of these operations even after the surgeon has accumulated years of experience. These pitfalls include an unstable video camera platform, limited motion (degrees of freedom) of straight laparoscopic instruments, two-dimensional imaging, and poor ergonomics for the surgeon. Inexperienced or bored laparoscopic camera-holders move the camera frequently and rotate it away from the horizon. The long, straight laparoscopic instruments are limited in their motion by the fixation enforced by the abdominal wall trocars. Similarly, the standard two-dimensional video imaging used in most laparoscopic operations impedes the surgeon's depth perception, compounding the limitations of laparoscopic instruments. In addition, surgeons are forced to assume ergonomically awkward stances in performing many laparoscopic operations. These four factors hinder a surgeon's efforts to learn and to perform advanced laparoscopic operations, significantly lengthening the learning curve. The articles presented in this issue suggest that robotics and telerobotics offer solutions to these nagging pitfalls of laparoscopic surgery. PMID:12008756
Ballantyne, Garth H
Umbilical single-port surgery is a recent development that produces better cosmesis and lesser pain. However, the steep learning curve and the higher surgical expense have led to its rather sceptical acceptance. In this regard, a technique is hereby described in which three ports are directly inserted on the umbilical mound (without raising the umbilical-flap) through three small incisions to form an isosceles triangle. The respective fascial-entries are made farther away to achieve satisfactory inter trocar distance. This technique complies with the laparoscopic triangulation principles, likely to further reduce postoperative umbilical pain/morbidity, and achieve good umbilical aesthetics as the scars recede within the umbilicus. As only the routine laparoscopic instruments were utilized, it also has a potential to reduce the surgical cost. Therefore, the authors feel that this technique can be a valuable addition to the existing umbilical laparoscopic methods. PMID:24613119
Jategaonkar, Priyadarshan Anand; Yadav, Sudeep Pradeep
An observational study on TachoSil® as used in the gall bladder surgery and an analysis of the experience obtained by employing a haemostatic agent in one of the most common procedures in general and visceral surgery have been carried out. The aim of the study was to answer the following questions. When is TachoSil® in routine use? Does TachoSil® have a positive effect on the perioperative course? Is TachoSil® suitable for the routine application in difficult cholecystectomy? In the present single-arm prospective cohort study only departments with specialisation in general and visceral surgery of 40?clinics in Germany participated. Although 500 planned interventions were to be documented in 2007, only 169?operations were actually reported. The numerical results were statistically analysed and summarised. Before the operation was carried out a classification according to the bleeding history was performed. The surgery was performed in the open, laparoscopic or converted modes. During the intervention the surgeon decided about the application of TachoSil® on the basis of a risk index. According to the collected data, it was significant that TachoSil® was used more frequently when either a cholecystectomy was performed in the open mode or on conversion from laparoscopic to the open mode. Also it was significant that TachoSil® was chosen when a patient had a defect in blood coagulation or when the cholecystectomy was part of a multivisceral resection. 59.7% of the patients where TachoSil® was used had a known risk of haemorrage. 12.4?% of the patients where TachoSil was used underwent at least one intervention to compensate intraoperative blood loss before (10.1?% blood transfusion, 4.7?% blood substitutes). In 97?% TachoSil® was used as a haemostatic agent, in 30.2?% it was chosen to prevent a biliary leak and in 11.24?% to augment vulnerable tissue (multiple answers possible). Concerning laparoscopic cholecystectomy, it was significant that the surgeons decided to take middle-sized patches (4.8?×?4.8?cm) more frequently. Only in 6 cases were the small-sized patches (3?×?2.5?cm) chosen. 90.5?% of the patches were placed in the liver bed. In 5.3?% of the cases the position was not documented. In 4.1?% the patch was placed upon the hepatoduodenal ligament or a suture of the bile duct. To conclude, in difficult cholecystectomies and cholecystectomies as part of multivisceral resection, the use of TachoSil® is an option for experts to secure the seam, to prevent a bile leakage and to control bleeding in the surgical areas. PMID:22344836
Schopf, S K; von Ahnen, M; von Ahnen, T; Schardey, H-M
Purpose The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a technique increasingly used for analgesia after surgery on the anterior abdominal wall. We undertook this study to determine the feasibility and analgesic efficacy of ultrasound-guided TAP blocks in morbidly obese patients. We describe the dermatomal spread of local anesthetic in TAP blocks administered, and test the hypothesis that TAP blocks decrease visual analog scale (VAS) scores. Patients and methods After ethics committee approval and informed consent, 35 patients with body mass index >35 undergoing single-port sleeve gastrectomy (SPSG) were enrolled. All patients received balanced general anesthesia, followed by intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA; hydromorphone) postoperatively; all reported VAS >3 upon arrival to the recovery room. From the cohort of 35 patients having single-port laparoscopy (SPL), a sealed envelope method was used to randomly select ten patients to the TAP group and 25 patients to the control group. The ten patients in the TAP group received ultrasound-guided TAP blocks with 30 mL of 0.2% Ropivacaine injected bilaterally. The dermatomal distribution of the sensory block (by pinprick test) was recorded. VAS scores for the first 24 hours after surgery and opioid use were compared between the IV-PCA+TAP block and IV-PCA only groups. Results Sensory block ranged from T5–L1. Mean VAS pain scores decreased from 8 ± 2 to 4 ± 3 (P=0.04) within 30 minutes of TAP block administration. Compared with patients given IV-PCA only, significantly fewer patients who received TAP block had moderate or severe pain (VAS 4–10) after block administration at 6 hours and 12 hours post-surgery. However, cumulative consumption of hydromorphone at 24 hours after SPSG surgery was similar for both groups. Conclusion Ultrasound-guided TAP blocks in morbidly obese patients are feasible and result in satisfactory analgesia following SPSG in the immediate postoperative period. PMID:24348067
Wassef, Michael; Lee, David Y; Levine, Jun L; Ross, Ronald E; Guend, Hamza; Vandepitte, Catherine; Hadzic, Admir; Teixeira, Julio
Cholecystectomy is frequently linked with duodenogastric reflux and gastritis but its effect onHelicobacter Pylori (H pylori) infection has not been examined. In a prospective study, twenty two patients with documented cholelithiasis underwent upper\\u000a gastrointestinal endoscopy and biopsy and 24hr dual channel pH monitoring prior to cholecystectomy and again at 3–6 months\\u000a post-operatively. The antral biopsies were histologically assessed forH pylori
M. T. P. Caldwell; M. McDermott; S. Jazrawi; G. O’Dowd; P. J. Byrne; T. N. Walsh; D. O’B. Hourihane; T. P. J. Hennessy
Eighty patients undergoing cholecystectomy were either assigned deliberately (n=30) or randomized (n=50) to drainage (n=38) or nondrainage (n=42). Subhepatic collections were seen on ultrasonography (US) after 48 to 72 hours in 12 of 35 patients with drainage and 24 of 42 patients without drainage (ppp<0.05). Cholecystectomy was then performed in 100 patients without using a drain. BULIDA radioisotope scans revealed
Vinay K. Kapoor; Mohammad Ibrarullah; Sanjay S. Baijal; Akhilesh Kulshreshtha; Bhagwant R. Mittal; Rajan Saxena; Birendra K. Das; Satyendra P. Kaushik
The accurate and timely diagnosis of acute appendicitis remains a difficult clinical dilemma. Misdiagnosis rates of up to 40% are not unusual. Laparoscopic appendectomy provides a definitive diagnosis and an excellent method for routine removal of the appendix with very low morbidity and patient discomfort.
Richards, Kent F.; Christensen, Brent J.
Three groups of patients with biliary tract disease treated by cholecystectomy were given ceftriaxone. In Group 1 single doses of 150 mg and 1500 mg were given on Days 1 and 5 after cholecystectomy. In Group 2 2 g was given daily for 6 days and the cholecystectomy was on Day 2. Patients in Group 3 received 2 g every
W. L. Hayton; R. Schandlik; K. Stoeckel
Background: The safety and feasibility of minilaparoscopic cholecystectomy has not been documented with a large patient sample. This study reports the results of 1,011 minilaparoscopic cholecystectomies performed in a single institution. Methods: From November 1997 to May 2002, 1,023 consecutive patients underwent minilaparoscopic cholecystectomy at National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Patients with clinical evidence of common bile duct stones
P.-C. Lee; I.-R. Lai; S.-C. Yu
The unprecedented rapid and successful adoption of laparoscopic cholecystectomy has prompted the evaluation of converting other standard open surgical procedures to a laparoscopic technique. A wide variety of laparoscopic acid reduction procedures have been successfully accomplished by groups in this country and abroad. Our group reviewed the literature on the many types of open peptic ulcer operations, as well as the ones performed laparoscopically. We elected to perfect the technique of posterior truncal vagotomy and anterior seromyotomy (PTVAS). After extensive animal laboratory work, we performed PTVAS on four patients with documented recurrent peptic ulcer disease. We describe our technique as it evolved and in particular note the usefulness of endoscopic esophageal transillumination. In addition, we report our results and discuss their implications.
Reed, David M.; Tortella, Bartholomew J.; Dolan, William V.; Pennino, Ralph P.; Treat, Michael R.
The rapid growth of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and other laparoscopic procedures has created the need for simple, secure techniques for laparoscopic closure without sutures. While laser tissue welding offers one solution to this problem, concerns about adequacy of weld strength and watertightness remain. Tissue solders are proteinaceous materials which are placed on coapted tissue edges of the tissue to be closed or sealed. Laser energy is then applied to fix the glue in place completing the closure. Closure of the choledochotomy following a laparoscopic common duct exploration is one potential application of this technique. Canine longitudinal choledochotomies 5 mm in length were sealed using several laser glues and using the 808 nm diode laser. Saline was then infused until rupture of the closure and peak bursting strength recorded. Fibrinogen glue provided moderately good adhesion but poor burst strength. Handling characteristics were variable. A viscosity adjusted fibrinogen preparation produced good adherence with mean weld strength 264 +/- 7 mm Hg. The clinical endpoint for welding was a whitening and drying of the tissue. New laser solders can provide a watertight choledochotomy closure of adequate immediate strength. This would allow reliable, technically feasible common bile duct exploration via a laparoscopic approach.
Bass, Lawrence S.; Oz, Mehmet C.; Auteri, Joseph S.; Williams, Matthew R.; Rosen, Jeffrey; Libutti, Steven K.; Eaton, Alexander M.; Lontz, John F.; Nowygrod, Roman; Treat, Michael R.
Background Laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) surgery for cholecystectomy and appendectomy are described in the literature. The benefits\\u000a of these procedures compared with traditional laparoscopic approaches have yet to be determined. To date, no series of LESS\\u000a surgeries for placement of an adjustable gastric band has been published or documented. This study aimed to determine the\\u000a safety and feasibility of LESS surgery for
J. Teixeira; K. McGill; S. Binenbaum; G. Forrester
Background: Occult common bile duct stones (CBDS) discovered during laparoscopic cholecystectomy with intraoperative cholangiography\\u000a are most often managed by postoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Expert endoscopists at high-volume\\u000a centers achieve common bile duct cannulation in nearly all patients undergoing ERCP, but cannulation rates of less than 80%\\u000a have been observed in low-volume centers. As many as 20% of patients with
R. D. Fanelli; K. S. Gersin; M. T. Mainella
Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) or operation (TEO) refer to the concept of performing intraluminal excision of rectal lesions with specialized, high specification equipment that maintains a stable pneumorectum and allows either high definition or binocular optical visualization of the target site along with the capacity for using precise instrumentation (including electocautery) for tissue tensioning, dissection, resection and re-apposition. However, neither technology is widely available and capital set-up costs are high. Furthermore, the rigid, elongated cylindrical configuration of the rectoscope can prove restrictive for non-expert practitioners in that it demands a rarefied and hitherto relatively non-transferrable skill-set only achievable with high volume caseloads. The advent of single port minimally invasive surgery arising on a broadened background of widespread advanced laparoscopic skills and equipment among colorectal departments along with an increasing incidence of appropriate lesions (either large dysplastic tumors or early and neoadjuvantly downstaged rectal cancers) may, however, provide the means for this approach to become more integrated into mainstream practice by the removal of these barriers for interested practitioners. While early generation devices still need adaption for perfect applicability to transanal access and oncologic standards need to be carefully maintained in parallel with increased proliferation of technical capacity, the transfer of single port techniques and access platforms to transanal work has great potential through the convergence of practice of these two niche applications. Here we present a detailed analysis of currently available single port devices (including the table-side constructed "Glove TEM Port") in transanal application and define the ideal parameters required to make this a reality. PMID:22971637
Hompes, R; Mortensen, N; Cahill, R A
This paper describes the design and VLSI implementation of a highly efficient, single-port SRAM-based deblocking filter. It can achieve 204 cycles\\/macroblock throughput for H.264\\/AVC real-time decoding. Several deblocking filter designs in the literature have been compared and the possibility of realizing them in a pipeline is studied. Eventually we came up with a completely new design which has a five-stage
Ke Xu; Chiu-sing Choy
Introduction Thoracoscopic surgery is a popular widely used surgical technique in the treatment of common chest conditions. Conventional thoracoscopic surgery utilizes multiple small wounds for carrying out the procedure. Many procedures can also be performed with a single small port wound. In this study, we performed diaphragm plication using the techniques of single-port thoracoscopic surgery. Materials and methods From July 1st, 2008 to December 31th, 2011, there were 21 patients admitted to our hospital due to diaphragm eventration. All of them underwent diaphragm plication. The initial 11 patients underwent two-port thoracoscopic surgery while the subsequent 10 patients underwent single-port thoracoscopic surgery. Results The side of diaphragm eventration was on the left in all of the cases. The mean operative time was 87.3 minutes and the mean follow-up time was 17 months. There was no procedure-related complication or mortality. The time required for surgery and the postoperative pain scores were similar in the two groups. Conclusion Single-port thoracoscopic surgery for diaphragm plication is a safe procedure. It can serve as an alternative to conventional thoracoscopic approaches to diaphragm surgery. PMID:24304501
The history of bariatric surgery is investigational. Dedicated surgeons have continuously sought for an ideal procedure to relieve morbidly obese patients from their burden of comorbid conditions, reduced life expectancy and low quality of life. The ideal procedure must have low complication risk, both in short- and long term, as well as minimal impact on daily life. The revolution of laparoscopic techniques in bariatric surgery is described in this summary. Advances in minimal invasive techniques have contributed to reduced operative time, length of stay, and complications. The development in bariatric surgery has been exceptional, resulting in a dramatic increase of the number of procedures performed world wide during the last decades. Although, a complex bariatric procedure can be performed with operative mortality no greater than cholecystectomy, specific procedure-related complications and other drawbacks must be taken into account. The evolution of laparoscopy will be the legacy of the 21st century and at present, day-care surgery and further reduction of the operative trauma is in focus. The impressive effects on comorbid conditions have prompted the adoption of minimal invasive bariatric procedures into the field of metabolic surgery. PMID:25386062
Objectives: To assess the risks associated with chole- lithiasis and cholecystectomy in cardiothoracic organ transplant recipients at this hospital and to identify any differences with potential causal significance between the group with known gallstones and the transplant recipi- ent group as a whole. Design: Medical records survey. Setting: Tertiary care university hospital. Patients: Six hundred forty-five patients had cardiotho- racic
Reginald V. N. Lord; Shirhan Ho; Maxwell J. Coleman; Phillip M. Spratt
The widespread use of radiological imaging (ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging) has resulted in a steady increase in the incidental diagnosis of small renal masses. While open partial nephrectomy (OPN) remains the reference standard for the management of small renal masses, laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) continues to evolve. LPN is currently advocated to be at par with OPN oncologically. The steep learning curve and technical demand of LPN make it challenging to establish this as a new procedure. We present a detailed up-to-date review on the previous, current and planned technical considerations for the use of LPN, highlighting important surgical techniques, including single-port and robotic surgery, techniques on improving intra-operative haemostasis and the management of complications specific to LPN. PMID:22022109
Dominguez-Escrig, Jose L; Vasdev, Nikhil; O’Riordon, Anna; Soomro, Naeem
Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy has gained in popularity as an accepted treatment modality for localized renal cell carcinoma at many centers worldwide. Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy may be performed via a transperitoneal or retroperitoneal approach. Mostly, the transperitoneal approach is used. Current indications for laparoscopic radical nephrectomy include patients with T1–T3aN0M0 renal tumors. Herein, transperitoneal as well as retroperitoneal laparoscopic approaches are
James D. D. Allan; David A. Tolley; Jihad H. Kaouk; Andrew C. Novick; Inderbir S. Gill
Introduction. Single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) has become accepted as an alternative to conventional multiport cholecystectomy. However, SILC is still limited in applicability in low resource centres due to the expense associated with specialized access platforms, curved instruments, and flexible scopes. Presentation of Case. We present three cases where a modified SILC technique was used with conventional instruments and no working ports. The evolution of this technique is described. Discussion. In order to contain cost, we used conventional instruments and three transfascial ports placed in an umbilical incision, but we noted significant instrument clashes that originated at the port platforms. Therefore, we modified our technique by omitting ports for the working instruments. The technique allowed us to exchange instruments as necessary, maximized ergonomics, and prevented collisions from the bulky port platforms. Finally, the puncture left by the instrument alone did not require fascial closure at the termination of the procedure. Conclusion. The direct transfascial puncture using conventional laparoscopic instruments without working ports is a feasible option that minimizes cost and increases ergonomics. PMID:25349766
Cawich, Shamir O.; Thomas, Dexter; Hassranah, Dale; Naraynsingh, Vijay
... England Journal of Medicine. 1999;341:777-784. 17. Schwarz S, Hebra A, Miller M. Pediatric cholecystitis. Medscape ... Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration. Surgical Endoscopy. 2003;17:1705-1715. 24. Khaitan L, Apelgren K, Hunter ...
Objectives The study was carried out to demonstrate the impact of assessment and constructive feedback on improvement of laparoscopic\\u000a performance in the operating room (OR).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Design Sixteen surgical trainees performed a laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the OR. The participants were then divided into two\\u000a groups. The procedure performed by group 1 was assessed by an experienced surgeon, and detailed and constructive feedback\\u000a was
Teodor P. Grantcharov; Svend Schulze; Viggo B. Kristiansen
Despite best efforts, bile duct injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a major potential complication. Precise detection method of extrahepatic bile duct during laparoscopic procedures would minimize the risk of injury. Towards this goal, we have developed a compact imaging instrumentation designed to enable simultaneous acquisition of conventional white color and NIR fluorescence endoscopic/laparoscopic imaging using ICG as contrast agent. The capabilities of this system, which offers optimized sensitivity and functionality, are demonstrated for the detection of the bile duct in an animal model. This design could also provide a low-cost real-time surgical navigation capability to enhance the efficacy of a variety of other image-guided minimally invasive procedures.
Demos, Stavros G.; Urayama, Shiro
The present study was carried out at the Department of Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Hospital, New Delhi,\\u000a between January 1982 and October 1984. Clinical diagnosis of acute cholecystitis was confirmed by ultrasound scanning or Tc99m labelled HIDA Scan. Group I (n=24) comprised patients who underwent emergency cholecystectomy while Group II (n=23) comprised\\u000a patients who were managed conservatively,
M. C. Misra; Sudhir Khanna; Anil Khosla; M. Berry; B. M. L. Kapur
BACKGROUND:It is becoming increasingly evident that chronic inflammation may predispose cancer development. In the stomach, inflammation caused by Helicobacter pylori infection is linked to gastric cancer. Cholecystectomy is regularly followed by duodenogastric bile reflux and reactive gastritis. To test whether a noninfectious long-standing inflammation impels gastric carcinogenesis as well, we assessed the risk of gastric cancer in a large, population-based
Katja Fall; Weimin Ye; Olof Nyrén
Introduction Controversy exists concerning the importance of operative time on patient outcomes. It is unclear whether faster is better or haste makes waste or similarly whether slower procedures represent a safe, meticulous approach or inexperienced dawdling. The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of operative time on 30-day outcomes in laparoscopic surgery. Methods Patients who underwent laparoscopic general surgery procedures (colectomy, cholecystectomy, Nissen fundoplication, inguinal hernia, and gastric bypass) from the ACS-NSQIP 2005–2008 participant use file were identified. Exclusion criteria were defined a priori to identify same-day admission, elective procedures. Operative time was divided into deciles and summary statistics were analyzed. Univariate analyses using a Cochran-Armitage test for trend were completed. The effect of operative time on 30-day morbidity was further analyzed for each procedure type using multivariate regression controlling for case complexity and additional patient factors. Patients within the highest deciles were excluded to reduce outlier effect. Results A total of 76,748 elective general surgical patients who underwent laparoscopic procedures were analyzed. Univariate analyses of deciles of operative time demonstrated a statistically significant trend (p \\ 0.0001) toward increasing odds of complications with increasing operative time for laparoscopic colectomy (n = 10,135), cholecystectomy (n = 37,407), Nissen fundoplication (n = 4,934), and gastric bypass (n = 17,842). The trend was not found to be significant for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (n = 6,430; p = 0.14). Multivariate modeling revealed the effect of operative time to remain significant after controlling for additional patient factors. Conclusion Increasing operative time was associated with increased odds of complications and, therefore, it appears that speed may matter in laparoscopic surgery. These analyses are limited in their inability to adjust for all patient factors, potential confounders, and case complexities. Additional hierarchical multivariate analyses at the surgeon level would be important to examine this relationship further. PMID:21298533
Jackson, Timothy D.; Wannares, Jeffrey J.; Lancaster, R. Todd; Rattner, David W.
Bile duct injury is an important unsolved problem of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, occurring with unacceptable frequency even in the hands of experienced surgeons. This suggests that a systemic predisposition to the injury is intrinsic to cholecystectomy and indicates that an analysis of the psychology and heuristics of surgical decision-making in relation to duct identification may be a guide to prevention. Review of published reports on laparoscopic bile duct injury from 1997 to 2007 was carried out. An analysis was also carried out of the circumstances of the injuries in 49 patients who had transection of an extrahepatic bile duct and who were referred for reconstruction or were assessed in a medicolegal context. Special emphasis was placed on identifying the possible psychological aspects of duct misidentification. Review of published work showed an emphasis on the technical aspects of correct identification of the cystic duct, with few papers addressing the heuristics and psychology of surgical decision-making during cholecystectomy. Duct misidentification was the cause of injury in 42 out of the 49 reviewed patients (86%). The injury was not recognized at operation in 70% and delay in recognition persisted into the postoperative period in 57%. Underestimation of risk, cue ambiguity and visual misperception ('seeing what you believe') were important factors in misidentification. Delay in recognition of the injury is a feature consistent with cognitive fixation and plan continuation, which help construct and sustain the duct misidentification during the operation and beyond. Changing the 'culture' of cholecystectomy is probably the most effective strategy for preventing laparoscopic bile duct injury, especially if combined with new technical approaches and an understanding of the heuristics and psychology of the duct misidentification error. Training of surgeons for laparoscopic cholecystectomy should emphasize the need to be alert for cues that the incorrect duct is being dissected or that a bile duct injury might have occurred. Surgeons may also be trained to accept the need for plan modification, to seek cues that refute a given hypothesis and to apply 'stopping rules' for modifying or converting the operation. PMID:19087053
Dekker, Sidney W A; Hugh, Thomas B
Purpose:Open retropubic simple prostatectomy is occasionally performed for symptomatic, large volume benign prostatic hyperplasia. We describe the technique of laparoscopic simple retropubic prostatectomy.
RENÉ SOTELO; MASSIMILIANO SPALIVIERO; ALEJANDRO GARCIA-SEGUI; WALEED HASAN; JOHN NOVOA; MIHIR M. DESAI; JIHAD H. KAOUK; INDERBIR S. GILL
Objective. To report our experience treating adnexal masses using a combination of the SILS port and straight nonroticulating laparoscopic instruments. Study Design. This prospective feasibility study included 14 women with symptomatic and persistent adnexal masses. Removal of adnexal masses via single-incision laparoscopic surgery using a combination of the SILS port and straight nonroticulating laparoscopic instruments was performed. Results. All of the patients had symptomatic complex adnexal masses. Mean age of the patients was 38.4 years (range: 21–61 years) and mean duration of surgery was 71?min (range: 45–130?min). All surgeries were performed using nonroticulating straight laparoscopic instruments. Mean tumor diameter was 6?cm (range: 5–12?cm). All patient pathology reports were benign. None of the patients converted to laparotomy. All the patients were discharged on postoperative d1. Postoperatively, all the patients were satisfied with their incision and cosmetic results. Conclusion. All 14 patients were successfully treated using standard, straight nonroticulating laparoscopic instruments via the SILS port. This procedure can reduce the cost of treatment, which may eventually lead to more widespread use of the SILS port approach. Furthermore, concomitant surgical procedures are possible using this approach. However, properly designed comparative studies with single port and classic laparoscopic surgery are urgently needed. PMID:24307944
Dursun, Polat; Tezcaner, Tugan; Zeyneloglu, Hulusi B.; Alyaz?c?, Irem; Haberal, Ali; Ayhan, Ali
The aim of this study was to prospectively assess the impact of laparoscopy upon the outcome of total abdominal colectomy (TAC). Specifically, patients underwent standard laparotomy with TAC and ileoproctostomy (TAC + IP), TAC and ileoanal reservoir (TAC + IAR), laparoscopically assisted TAC + IP (L-TAC + IP), or laparoscopically assisted TAC + IAR (L-TAC + IAR). Parameters studied included
Steven D. Wexner; Olaf B. Johansen; Juan J. Nogueras; David G. Jagelman
PurposeUreterocalicostomy is a reconstructive option in the rare patient with surgically failed or difficult ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction with fibrosis and significant hydronephrosis. We introduce the technique of laparoscopic ureterocalicostomy.
INDERBIR S. GILL; EDWARD E. CHERULLO; ANDREW P. STEINBERG; MIHIR M. DESAI; SIDNEY C. ABREU; CHRISTOPHER NG; JIHAD H. KAOUK
A 7-year-old girl was diagnosed with viral enteritis and was admitted to our hospital. Sudden right upper quadrant tenderness appeared 2 days after admission. Ultrasonography revealed a large thick-walled cystic gallbladder and an inflammation-induced hyperechoic cystic duct. The long axis of the gallbladder was in a horizontal rather than a vertical alignment. Computed tomography demonstrated a markedly enlarged gallbladder with a slightly thickened wall and an enhanced twisted cystic pedicle. The diagnosis of gallbladder torsion led to laparoscopic detorsion and cholecystectomy. The gallbladder was gangrenous and was rotated counterclockwise with the attachment of the mesentery to the inferior surface of the liver. Although it occurs more rarely in children than in adults, torsion of the gallbladder must be considered in the differential diagnosis of an acute abdomen. Early diagnosis and immediate laparoscopic intervention can help to achieve an excellent patient outcome. PMID:19793492
Matsuda, Akihisa; Sasajima, Koji; Miyamoto, Masayuki; Maruyama, Hiroshi; Yokoyama, Tadashi; Suzuki, Seiji; Matsutani, Takeshi; Sugiura, Atsushi; Yanagi, Ken; Matsushita, Akira; Arai, Hiroki; Tajiri, Takashi
Background: Gastroesophageal fundoplication currently is one of the three most common major operations performed on infants and children\\u000a by pediatric surgeons in the United States. With the advent of laparoscopic surgery, the number of gastroesophageal fundoplications\\u000a has virtually exploded. Morbidity always was substantial with this operation, and laparoscopy has not changed this. We describe\\u000a our results with laparoscopic refundoplication in
D. C. van der Zee; N. M. A. Bax; B. M. Ure
IntroductionRemote robotic telemanipulators have been recently used in performing laparoscopic urologic procedures, both in the laboratory and in clinical practice. We present, to our knowledge, the initial 2 cases of robotic-assisted laparoscopic adrenalectomy in humans.
Mihir M Desai; Inderbir S Gill; Jihad H Kaouk; Surena F Matin; Gyung Tak Sung; Emmanuel L Bravo
OBJECTIVE:The majority of patients experience resolution of their symptoms after cholecystectomy, but a minority either find their symptoms unchanged or complain of new upper GI symptoms. It has been suggested that the effect of cholecystectomy on upper GI motility, sphincter function, or bile delivery may account for these postoperative symptoms. We aimed to determine whether cholecystectomy affects gastroesophageal reflux or
D. K. Manifold; A. Anggiansah; W. J. Owen
In every surgical procedure there are key steps and skills that, if performed incorrectly, can lead to complications. In conjunction with efforts, based on task and error analysis, in the Videoscopic Training Center at UCSF to identify these key elements in laparoscopic surgical procedures, the authors are developing virtual environments and modeling methods to train the elements. Laparoscopic surgery is particularly demanding of the surgeon's spatial skills, requiring the ability to create 3D mental models and plans while viewing a 2D image. For example, operating a laparoscope with the objective lens angled from the scope axis is a skill that some surgeons have difficulty mastering, even after using the instrument in many procedures. Virtual environments are a promising medium for teaching spatial skills. A kinematically accurate model of an angled laparoscope in an environment of simple targets is being tested in courses for novice and experienced surgeons. Errors in surgery are often due to a misinterpretation of local anatomy compounded with inadequate procedural knowledge. Methods to avoid bile duct injuries in cholecystectomy are being integrated into a deformable environment consisting of the liver, gallbladder, and biliary tree. Novel deformable tissue modeling algorithms based on finite element methods will be used to improve the response of the anatomical models.
Tendick, Frank; Downes, Michael S.; Cavusoglu, Murat C.; Gantert, Walter A.; Way, Lawrence W.
Passive drainage after elective cholecystectomy was studied in six patients. Their erythrocytes were labeled in vitro with technetium-99mTc and injected via the drain after operation. After one hour, we were able to recover labeled erythrocytes and free pertechnetate from peripheral blood. After 24 hours, a large part of the injected erythrocytes had been evacuated via the drain. In eight patients subjected to cholecystectomy, 99mTc-HIDA was injected intravenously after the operation. In four cases, in which the gallbladder bed was raw, the activity ratio discharge/blood rapidly reached extremely high values. In the other four cases, in which the liver surface had not been denuded, the ratio was much lower. Passive drainage is a useful device for evacuation intra-abdominal bile or hemolysed blood after cholecystectomy, especially when the gallbladder bed has been denuded.
van der Linden, W.; Kempi, V.; Gedda, S.
Since 2002 19 laparoscopic adrenalectomies with a lateral transperitoneal access have been performed at our Division of Surgery. Three patients had Conn's syndrome, 8 incidentaloma, 4 pheochromocytoma, 2 Cushing's syndrome, 1 metastases from a contralateral renal cancer and 1 metastases from lung cancer. The parameters considered for data analysis were: intra- and postoperative hypertensive crises, haemorrhage, subcutaneous emphysema, conversions, dura- tion of surgery, hospital stay, postoperative comfort, and canalisation and mobilisation times. The results obtained in our experience were comparable to those reported in the literature, confirming the reproducibility and feasibility of this type of surgical procedure. Comparison of the data obtained with laparoscopic, surgery and those obtained with traditional surgical treatment suggest that it is reasonable to claim that the laparoscopic approach is today the gold standard for adrenal surgery. PMID:17663364
Pantuso, Gianni; Grassi, Nello; Bottino, Alessandro; Cipolla, Calogero; Lo Iacono, Angelo; Cacace, Ermenegilda; Rizzo, Marta; Farinella, Eleonora
Background Gasless laparoendoscopic single-port surgery (GasLESS) for radical nephrectomy (GasLESSRN) in the flank position is a minimally invasive treatment option for patients with T1–3 renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, RCC patients considered suitable for supine positioning rather than flank positioning for radical nephrectomy are occasionally encountered. This study evaluated the safety and feasibility of approach via a small retroperitoneal anterior subcostal incision (RASI) in the supine position for GasLESSRN (RASI-GasLESSRN) on the basis of our initial experience. Methods RASI-GasLESSRN was performed on 42 patients with RCC or suspected RCC from 2011–2013. The RASI, which was 6 cm long in principle, was made parallel to the tip of the rib from the lateral border of rectus abdominis muscle toward the flank in the supine position. The specimen was extracted via the RASI using a retrieval device. All procedures were performed retroperitoneally under flexible endoscopy with reusable instruments and without carbon dioxide insufflation or insertion of hands into the operative field. Results RASI-GasLESSRN was successfully performed in all patients without complications. The mean incision length was 6.3 cm, mean operative time was 198 minutes, and mean blood loss was 284 mL. All 42 patients were classified as Clavien grade I. The mean times to oral feeding and walking were 1.1 and 2 days, respectively. The mean number of postoperative days required for patients to be dischargeable was 3.7 days. Conclusions The approach via a small RASI in the supine position for GasLESSRN is a safe and feasible technique. RASI-GasLESSRN in the supine position is an alternative minimally invasive treatment option, especially for RCC patients considered suitable for supine positioning. PMID:24708621
Background Despite randomized trials showing no benefit, drain use after open cholecystectomy continues, perhaps as a result of more\\u000a complicated patient presentation. We examined the reasons for drain use in patients undergoing open cholecystectomy and evaluated\\u000a the effect of drain placement on surgical outcomes.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods Univariate and multivariate analyses compared pre- and intraoperative factors associated with drain placement, and postoperative\\u000a outcomes in
Victor Zaydfudim; Robert T. Russell; Irene D. Feurer; J. Kelly Wright; C. Wright Pinson
Introduction The application of perioperative intravenous antibiotic prophylaxis is often considered a necessary routine procedure. The\\u000a only way to decide whether an antibiotic prophylaxis is necessary in elective gallbladder surgery is to conduct a multicenter\\u000a randomized trial. The aim of this exploratory trial was to clarify whether an oral application of an antibiotic prophylaxis\\u000a is a feasible and safe procedure compared
Urte Zurbuchen; Joerg-P. Ritz; Kai S. Lehmann; Joern Groene; Majid Heidari; Heinz J. Buhr; Christoph-T. Germer
Symptomatic gallstones in patients with situs inversus pose diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. The presentation and management of one such patient is discussed with an emphasis on operative technique. PMID:17346394
Kumar, Senthil; Fusai, Giuseppe
Objectives Biliary injuries are frequently accompanied by vascular injuries, which may worsen the bile duct injury and cause liver ischemia. We performed an analytical review with the aim of defining vasculobiliary injury and setting out the important issues in this area. Methods A literature search of relevant terms was peformed using OvidSP. Bibliographies of papers were also searched to obtain older literature. Results Vasculobiliary injury was defined as: an injury to both a bile duct and a hepatic artery and/or portal vein; the bile duct injury may be caused by operative trauma, be ischaemic in origin or both, and may or may not be accompanied by various degrees of hepatic ischaemia. Right hepatic artery (RHA) vasculobiliary injury (VBI) is the most common variant. Injury to the RHA likely extends the biliary injury to a higher level than the gross observed mechanical injury. VBI results in slow hepatic infarction in about 10% of patients. Repair of the artery is rarely possible and the overall benefit unclear. Injuries involving the portal vein or common or proper hepatic arteries are much less common, but have more serious effects including rapid infarction of the liver. Conclusions Routine arteriography is recommended in patients with a biliary injury if early repair is contemplated. Consideration should be given to delaying repair of a biliary injury in patients with occlusion of the RHA. Patients with injuries to the portal vein or proper or common hepatic should be emergently referred to tertiary care centers. PMID:21159098
Strasberg, Steven M; Helton, W Scott
Negative pressure pulmonary edema is often misdiagnosed or can go clinically unrecognized by anesthesiologists. It is characterized by a markedly low intrapleural pressure which leads to exudation of fluid and red blood cells in the interstitium. Recognition of patients with predisposing factors for upper airway obstruction is important in the diagnosis which is often confused with pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents. Signs and symptoms are subtle and edema is usually self-limited. Our patient was management conservatively with maintenance of a patent airway and administration of supplemental oxygen and had a successful outcome.
Rasheed, Asim; Palaria, Urmila; Rani, Dolly; Sharma, Shatrunjay
Perhaps the greatest barrier to adoption of laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy by experienced pancreatic surgeons is the technical challenge of constructing the pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ). The authors present a less demanding PJ technique they have developed that creates an end-to-end intussuscepting anastomosis using a running monofilament suture. This method reduces technical complexity and operative time while producing acceptably comparable outcomes. PMID:23929187
Hughes, S J; Neichoy, B; Behrns, K E
PurposeAlthough laparoscopy has emerged as a feasible and effective alternative for a majority of open ablative abdominopelvic urological procedures, minimally invasive reconstruction has come to the forefront only recently. We present the current state of the art of laparoscopic reconstructive urology.
JIHAD H. KAOUK; INDERBIR S. GILL
To our knowledge we report the initial case of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy performed completely via the retroperitoneal approach. The retroperitoneal space was developed by inflating a balloon. Renal parenchymal hemostasis was obtained by a newly designed double loop apparatus and the argon beam coagulator. Convalescence was rapid and no complications have been noted during a followup of 7 months. PMID:7933195
Gill, I S; Delworth, M G; Munch, L C
We performed laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty in a boy with right ureteropelvic junction obstruction using 4 cannula sites, and a dismembering and reanastomosis technique identical to that used in open pyeloplasty. Interrupted sutures were placed and tied intracorporeally. A nephrostomy tube was placed under direct vision for drainage but no ureteral stent was used. Total operating time was 5 hours. The
Craig A. Peters; Richard N. Schlussel; Alan B. Retik
The advantages and applications of the videolaparoscopic technique (VL) versus open surgery in the treatment of acute and complicated appendicitis are not well defined. Our study examined 150 patients, 67 males and 83 females. They underwent surgery for acute appendicitis in emergency. The choice between open or laparoscopic tecnique was due to patient's clinical conditions and surgeon's experience. Two of these patients had no infiammatory process. Eleven patients were affected by gynaecological diseases. The last 137 patients underwent surgery for acute appendicitis and the diagnosis was confirmed. Among them, 35 (25%) were affected by a complicated appendicitis with diffuse or clearly defined peritonitis. In 134 patients the surgery was completed laparoscopically. The conversion rate was 2%. Morbility rate was 3%, due to intra abdominal abscesses secondary to acute complicated appendicitis. The mean operative time was 76 min and the mean hospital stay was 4.8 days. The death rate was 0%. In our experience, laparoscopic appendectomy has significant advantages over traditional open surgery in both acute and complicated appendicitis, especially in young women. In this way, we can diagnose pelvic disease that could be characterized by the same symptoms of acute appendicitis, then we suggest laparoscopic appendectomy even just to complete the diagnostic iter. Laparoscopy is useful in terms of convalescence, postoperative pain, hospital stay, aesthetic outcome and an easier exploration of the peritoneal cavity. PMID:22595725
Pezzolla, Angela; Milella, Marialessia; Lattarulo, Serafina; Barile, Graziana; Pascazio, Bianca; Ialongo, Paolo; Fabiano, Gennaro; Palasciano, Nicola
A 32-year-old white lady suffering from tubal infertility was referred to our institution in November 1992 because of low abdominal pain due to a heterotopic pregnancy (one intrauterine sac and the other in the right tube). The patient had undergone, 8 weeks before, her second successful attempt at in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer. We decided to perform a laparoscopic
V. Remorgida; C. Carrer; A. Ferraiolo; M. Natucci; P. Anserini
Between Mar. 13 and Sept. 16, 1991, the authors performed 10 inguinal herniorrhaphies laparoscopically. Two patients with a type II hernia (indirect with dilated internal ring but intact posterior inguinal wall) had laparoscopic preperitoneal closure of the internal ring with interrupted 0-Prolene. Seven patients had a type IIIA hernia (direct), and one patient had a large type IIIB hernia (indirect with dilated internal ring and medial encroachment or destruction of transversalis fascia of Hesselbach triangle). They all underwent laparoscopic preperitoneal placement of Prolene mesh, which was fixed in place with interrupted 0-Prolene sutures. All patients recovered promptly, with less pain and minimal limping, resulting in high patient acceptance of the procedure. There were no complications. Although no recurrence was noted and the technique appears sound, it is too early to predict its long-term success. At present, the preperitoneal approach is difficult to perform because of lack of appropriate instrumentation. The surgeon who plans to perform such a procedure must be familiar with the anatomy. We suggest that every potential candidate for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair should be apprised of the advantages and disadvantages of this approach. A research consent form should be read and signed by every patient. PMID:1532920
Dion, Y M; Morin, J
Introduction Sigmoid colectomy for diverticulitis can be technically challenging because of severe inflammation in the left-lower quadrant and pelvis. We hypothesized that hand-assisted laparoscopic technique may facilitate laparoscopic completion of this surgery while retaining the short-term benefits associated with “pure” laparoscopic surgery, in which an incision is made only for extracting the specimen. This study was designed to compare the
Sang W. Lee; James Yoo; Nadav Dujovny; Toyooki Sonoda; Jeffrey W. Milsom
A dual-mode imaging technique has been developed for intraoperative imaging of bile ducts and real-time identification of iatrogenic injuries in cholecystectomy. The technique is based on ultrasound (US) and fluorescence (FL) imaging of a dual-mode microbubble (MB) agent comprising a poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) shell and a core of Indocyanine Green. During cholecystectomy, a clinical US probe is used to localize the bile duct structure after bolus injection of dual-mode MBs. As the surrounding adipose tissue is removed and the Calot's triangle is exposed, FL imaging is used to identify the MB distribution and to determine the potential bile duct injury. The contrast-enhanced bile duct imaging technique has been demonstrated in both a surgical simulation model and an ex vivo porcine tissue model under two surgical scenarios. The first scenario simulates the correct procedure where the cystic duct is clipped. The second scenario simulates the incorrect procedure where the common bile duct is clipped, leading to consequent bile duct injury. Benchtop experiments in both the phantom and the ex vivo models show that the dual-mode imaging technique is able to identify the potential bile duct injury during cholecystectomy. A phantom system has also been established for future device calibration and surgical training in image-guided cholecystectomy. Further in vivo animal validation tests are necessary before the technique can be implemented in a clinical setting.
Qin, Ruogu; Melvin, Scott; Xu, Ronald X.
Throughout the ages, the issues that have defined the management of disease processes have been particularly exemplified in the gastrointestinal tract. The use of gas lamps and candles with reflectors by Bozzini, Segalas, Cruise, and Fisher (19th century) allowed for some ingress into both the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract. Von Mikulicz, Leiter, Nitze, Kelling, and Jacobaeus contributed to the development of rigid instruments that could be used endoscopically or laparoscopically. Endoscopic efforts were amplified and extended by Rosenheim, Sternberg, Wolf, and, finally, Schindler, who not only introduced novel lens systems but also for the most part overcame the problems of flexibility and illumination. Bernheim, Ruddock, Veress, and Palmer made significant technical and clinical contributions to abdominal cavity exploration. The subsequent application of Hopkins and Kapany's work on optics, and the development by Hirschowitz and Curtiss of the flexible fiber optic endoscope, enabled the design of instruments that would allow the appropriate illumination and vision of both the farthest reaches of the bowel as well as the interior of the abdomen. Thus, the same endoscopic instruments coupled with a surgical interest in diagnostic laparotomy allowed for the evolution of minimally invasive surgery along a similar timescale. The cycle whereby diagnostic laparotomy in the early part of the century was supplanted by endoscopy and laparoscopy has now attained full circle whereby laparoscopy has evolved from a diagnostic procedure into one with major therapeutic applications and is perceived as the state-of-the-art technique for a wide variety of operations, including appendectomy, cholecystectomy, hernia repair, fundoplication, splenectomy, colectomy, and gastrointestinal anastomoses. PMID:15492154
Modlin, Irvin M; Kidd, Mark; Lye, Kevin D
Background Electrosurgery is used in virtually every laparoscopic operation. In the early days of laparoscopic surgery, capacitive coupling,\\u000a associated with hybrid trocars, was thought to be the major cause of laparoscopic electrosurgery injuries. Modern laparoscopy\\u000a has reduced capacitive coupling, and now insulation failure is thought to be the main cause of electrosurgical complications.\\u000a The aim of this study was (1) to
Paul N. Montero; Thomas N. Robinson; John S. Weaver; Greg V. Stiegmann
The objective of this article is to review the different techniques that have been adopted for removal of large myomas laparoscopically. We have also quoted literature about the impact of myomas on Pregnancy and obstetrical outcome and the effect of laparoscopic myomectomy on the same. Technical modifications to remove large myomas have been described along with methods to reduce intraoperative bleeding. This comprehensive review describes all possibilities of laparoscopic myomectomy irrespective of size, site and number. PMID:22442517
Sinha, Rakesh; Sundaram, Meenakshi
The new avenue of minimally invasive surgery, referred to as single-incision/access laparoscopy, is often presented as an alternative to standard multiport approaches, whereas in fact it is more usefully perceived as a complementary modality. The emergence of the technique can be of greater use both to patients and to the colorectal specialty if its principles can be merged into next-stage evolution by synergy with more conventional practice. In particular, rather than device specificity, what is needed is convergence of capability that can be applied by the same surgeon in differing scenarios depending on the individualized patient and disease characteristics. We detail here the global applicability of a simple access device construct that allows the provision of simple and complex single-port laparoscopy as well as contributing to multiport laparoscopic and transanal resections in a manner that is reliable, reproducible, ergonomical and economical. PMID:22098509
Cahill, R A; Hompes, R; Cunningham, C; Mortensen, N J
Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is well establish procedure and having advantages over open donor nephrectomy in terms of having less pain, early ambulation and rapid post operative recovery. To extend the advantages of laparoscopic surgery to the recipient, recently we have performed laparoscopic kidney transplantations when kidney was procured from deceased donors. As a further extension of the procedure, here we present a case of laparoscopic en bloc kidney transplantation in obese diabetic recipient who received kidneys from 70 year old non-heart beating donor. PMID:23204675
Modi, Pranjal; Thyagaraj, Krishnaprasad; Rizvi, Syed Jamal; Vyas, Jigish; Padhi, Sukant; Shah, Kamlesh; Patel, Ram
Objective The primary endpoint was to compare the impact of laparoscopic and open colorectal surgery on 30-day postoperative morbidity. Lymphocyte proliferation to mitogens and gut oxygen tension were surrogate endpoints. Summary Background Data Evidence-based proof of the effect of laparoscopic colorectal surgery on immunometabolic response and clinically relevant outcome variables is scanty. Further randomized trials are desirable before proposing laparoscopy as a superior technique. Methods Two hundred sixty-nine patients with colorectal disease were randomly assigned to laparoscopic (n = 136) or open (n = 133) colorectal resection. Four trained members of the surgical staff who were not involved in the study registered postoperative complications. Lymphocyte proliferation to Candida albicans and phytohemagglutinin was evaluated before and 3 and 15 days after surgery. Operative gut oxygen tension was monitored continuously by a polarographic microprobe. Results In the laparoscopic group the conversion rate was 5.1%. The overall morbidity rate was 20.6% in the laparoscopic group and 38.3% in the open group. Postoperative infections occurred in 15 of the 136 patients in the laparoscopic group and 31 of the 133 patients in the open group. The mean length of hospital stay was 10.4 ± 2.9 days in the laparoscopic group and 12.5 ± 4.1 days in the open group. On postoperative day 3, lymphocyte proliferation was impaired in both groups. Fifteen days after surgery, the proliferation index returned to baseline values only in the laparoscopic group. Intraoperative gut oxygen tension was higher in the laparoscopic than in the open group. Conclusions Laparoscopic colorectal surgery resulted in a significant reduction of 30-day postoperative morbidity. Lymphocyte proliferation and gut oxygen tension were better preserved in the laparoscopic group than in the open group. PMID:12454514
Braga, Marco; Vignali, Andrea; Gianotti, Luca; Zuliani, Walter; Radaelli, Giovanni; Gruarin, Paola; Dellabona, Paolo; Di Carlo, Valerio
Over the past decade, our technique of MIE has evolved considerably. In the incipient phase of our experience, we used a totally laparoscopic approach similar to that described in the initial reports from DePaula and colleagues and Swanstrom and Hansen. However, it was soon apparent that there were several critical disadvantages to a purely laparoscopic approach. Laparoscopic transhiatal mobilization of the esophagus offers suboptimal visualization of important periesophageal structures, including the inferior pulmonary vein and the left mainstem bronchus. Moreover, decreased visibility hindered hemostatic division of periesophageal vessels and negatively impacted the completeness of the mediastinal lymph node dissection. These problems are further exacerbated in taller patients. In light of these considerations, we soon transitioned to a laparoscopic-thoracoscopic McKeown approach (thoracoscopic mobilization of the intrathoracic esophagus, laparoscopic gastric tube creation, cervical anastomosis). To this date, the great majority of our minimally invasive esophagectomies (>500 cases) have been performed with this 3-field technique. Indeed, the procedure has been the mainstay of our experience in the past 10 years with reduced perioperative morbidity and mortality compared with many other open series. In our experience, perhaps the most significant technical concern with this operation is the cervical dissection. Recurrent laryngeal nerve injuries, perturbations in pharyngeal transit, and swallowing dysfunction even in the absence of recurrent nerve injury are not infrequent. Moreover, as described in open series using a cervical anastomosis, anastomotic stricture and leak have been shown to occur with increased frequency . In short, there is a significant learning curve with the cervical dissection. Out of these concerns emerged our more recent experience with completely thoracoscopic-laparoscopic Ivor Lewis esophagectomy. However, we did first evolve through a transition phase whereby a mini-thoracotomy (hybrid approach) was performed for creation of the intrathoracic anastomosis. We believe that the experience with totally thoracoscopic-laparoscopic Ivor Lewis esophagectomy will ultimately reproduce the low morbidity and mortality we have previously published with our established MIE technique. The omission of a cervical dissection has reduced our recurrent nerve injury rate to zero. From a theoretical standpoint, one would presume that pharyngeal transit problems and oropharyngeal swallowing dysfunction should be reduced as well with a chest anastomosis. It should be emphasized that there is a steep operator learning curve associated with this approach. Indeed, thoracoscopic port placement is critical, as poorly positioned trocars can result in difficulty maneuvering instruments through the rigid chest wall. Additionally, both blood and lung can obscure visualization of the esophagus, which lies at the dependent aspect of the operative field. Prone positioning has been described as an alternative approach that may facilitate operative exposure and address such technical concerns. Low rates of anastomotic leak (3%), low mortality (1.5%), and equivalent stage-specific survival compared with open series have been shown with this thoracoscopic prone approach . In conclusion, our technique of MIE has evolved such that laparoscopic-thoracoscopic Ivor Lewis esophagectomy has become our preferred approach. Although somewhat early in our experience, we are convinced that this operative technique is feasible with reproducible results. Perioperative morbidity and mortality are comparable with our previously established MIE with cervical anastomosis while essentially eliminating recurrent nerve injury, limiting the length of the gastric conduit required, and allowing a more aggressive gastric resection margin. Recent data from other publications also suggests that lymph node yields may be improved, although insufficient data exist at this time to comment on oncologic results or outcomes with this technique. PMID:20919
Levy, Ryan M; Wizorek, Joseph; Shende, Manisha; Luketich, James D
Introduction: Total laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (TLPD) remains one of the most advanced laparoscopic procedures. Owing to the evolution in laparoscopic technology and instrumentation within the past decade, laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy is beginning to gain wider acceptance. Methods: Data were collected for all patients who underwent a TLPD at our institution. Preoperative evaluation consisted of computed tomography scan with pancreatic protocol and selective use of magnetic resonance imaging and/or endoscopic ultrasonography. The TLPD was done with 6 ports on 3 patients and 5 ports in 2 patients and included a celiac, periportal, peripancreatic, and periduodenal lymphadenectomy. Pancreatic stents were used in all 5 cases, and intestinal continuity was re-established by intracorporeal anastomoses. Results: Five patients underwent a TLPD for suspicion of a periampullary tumor. There were 3 women and 2 men with a mean age of 60 years and a mean body mass index of 32.8. Intraoperatively, the mean operative time was 9 hours 48 minutes, with a mean blood loss of 136 mL. Postoperatively, there were no complications and a mean length of stay of 6.6 days. There was no lymph node involvement in 4 out of 5 specimens. The pathological results included intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm in 2 patients, pancreatic adenocarcinoma in 1 patient (R0 resection), benign 4-cm periampullary adenoma in 1 patient, and a somatostatin neuroendocrine carcinoma in 1 patient (R0, N1). Conclusion: TLPD is a viable alternative to the standard Whipple procedure. Our early experience suggests decreased length of stay, quicker recovery, and improved quality of life. Complication rates appear to be improved or equivalent. PMID:23925010
Background: Resection of diverticular disease may be quite challenging; the acute inflammatory process, thick sigmoid mesentery, and\\u000a any associated fistula or abscess can make this procedure technically demanding. The aim of this study was to compare the\\u000a results between laparoscopic and laparotomy-type resections stratified by disease severity and thereby predict outcome and\\u000a possibly a subset of patients who may benefit
M. E. Sher; F. Agachan; M. Bortul; J. J. Nogueras; E. G. Weiss; S. D. Wexner
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate our experience with laparoscopic surgery in children with sickle cell disease. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed to analyze the indication for surgery, perioperative management, surgical technique, complications, duration of hospitalization, and outcome. One pediatric surgeon performed all procedures. Results: Thirteen children underwent laparoscopic surgery for the following indications: symptomatic cholelithiasis/cholecystitis in 9; recurrent splenic sequestration in 3; and hypersplenism/symptomatic cholelithiasis in 1. The 7 boys and 6 girls had a median age of 7.8 years. Patients undergoing splenectomy only were younger than those undergoing cholecystectomy (median age, 3.6 years versus 11.5 years, respectively). Four children underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and sphincterotomy because of common bile duct dilatation and stones. Twelve patients received packed red blood cell transfusions prior to surgery. The median operative time was 150 minutes, and the median hospitalization was 3 days. Four patients suffered postoperative complications (2 with acute chest syndrome, 1 with recurrent abdominal pain, and 1 with priapism). The patient with abdominal pain was found to have a retained stone in the common bile duct, which was retrieved via endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and sphincterotomy. All complications resolved with medical management. Conclusions: Laparoscopic surgery is safe in children with sickle cell disease. Meticulous attention to perioperative management, transfusion guidelines, and pulmonary care may decrease the incidence of acute chest syndrome. PMID:12002293
Sandoval, Claudio; Ozkaynak, M. Fevzi; Tugal, Oya; Jayabose, Somasundaram
A case of chronic pancreatitis localized in the head of the pancreas with pancreas divisum was treated by laparoscopic pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy. The laparoscopic technique of resection and reconstruction with a gastrojejunostomy, hepaticojejunostomy, and pancreaticojejunostomy is described. The postoperative period was complicated by a jejunal ulcer and delayed gastric emptying necessitating a prolonged hospitalization and intravenous hyperalimentation. No fistulas occurred, a
M. Gagner; A. Pomp
Background and Objectives: It is essential to minimize pain after laparoscopic surgery. This study examined the effect of wound infiltration by a long-acting local anesthetic. Methods: This prospective, randomized study includes 190 laparoscopic procedures carried out by the same surgeon. The patients were randomly allocated into 2 groups. The control group comprised 75 cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and 20 cases of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (LIHR) without the use of a local anesthetic; only saline was used. The study group comprised 75 cases of LC and 20 cases of LIHR with preincisional periportal infiltration with 20 mL of ropivacaine (10 mg/mL). The postoperative pain scores at 3, 6, 12, and 24 hours determined with a visual analogue scale (VAS), nausea, and the kind and amount of analgesic drugs were assessed. Results: In the study group in 41% of LC cases and 85% of LIHR cases, no analgesia was required at all; likewise, in the control group in 20% of LC cases and 44% of LIHR cases, no analgesia was required. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). In the remainder, pain at 3 and 6 hours and total analgesic requirements in the study group were less than that in the control group (P<0.05). The postoperative nausea and shoulder pain remained statistically unchanged (P>0.05). Conclusions: It seems that wound infiltration with ropivacaine in laparoscopy provides satisfactory postoperative analgesia, diminishing or reducing the need for opioids. PMID:14626395
Atmatzidis, Konstantinos S.; Papaziogas, Basilios T.; Makris, John G.; Lazaridis, Charalabos N.; Papaziogas, Thomas B.
Background: Morbid obesity is one of the major risk factors for gallbladder disease, and this risk is even greater following\\u000a rapid weight loss. Because of this, prophylactic cholecystectomy has been offered to our patients undergoing the transected\\u000a silastic ring vertical Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (TSRVRYGBP). A study was undertaken to determine the incidence of pathologic\\u000a gallbladders in patients undergoing this prophylactic
Mal Fobi; Hoil Lee; Daniel Igwe; Basil Felahy; Elaine James; Malgorzata Stanczyk; Nicole Fobi
Background Conventional surgical wisdom is that a patient with gallstone pancreatitis should have the gallbladder removed during their initial hospitalization. However, patients are now often discharged to await operating room availability. Methods A retrospective review of all cases of gallstone pancreatitis at the Foothills Hospital between 1992 and 1996 was undertaken. Patients with a first attack of mild gallstone pancreatitis were studied. Results In all, 164 patients were identified: 90 patients were discharged for readmission cholecystectomy (discharged group), and 74 patients had the cholecystectomy before discharge (in-hospital group). Over the 5-year time period the proportion of patients discharged for readmission cholecystectomy increased from 27% to 67% (p<0.01). The total number of days waited for operation was greater in the discharged group versus in-hospital group: 40±69 days versus 8±10 days respectively (mean±SD). There was a trend towards an increased total number of days in hospital in the in-hospital group, 15.5±17 days versus 10.7±16 days. In the discharged group 20% (18 of 90) of patients experienced an adverse event requiring readmission while awaiting operation. Three had documented recurrent pancreatitis, 10 experienced recurrent pain, and 5 developed acute cholecystitis. There were no deaths in either group. Discussion Twenty percent of patients with gallstone pancreatitis who are discharged to await operating room time (average wait 40 days) will require readmission for biliary symptoms. PMID:18332964
McCullough, LK; Preshaw, R; Kim, S
Background Because there may be interdepartmental differences in macroscopic sampling of cholecystectomy specimens, we aimed to investigate differences between the longitudinal sampling technique and our classical sampling technique in cholecystectomy specimens in which there was no obvious malignancy. Methods Six hundred eight cholecystectomy specimens that were collected between 2011 and 2012 were included in this study. The first group included 273 specimens for which one sample was taken from each of the fundus, body, and neck regions (our classical technique). The second group included 335 specimens for which samples taken from the neck region and lengthwise from the fundus toward the neck were placed together in one cassette (longitudinal sampling). The Pearson chi-square, Fisher exact, and ANOVA tests were used and differences were considered significant at p<.05. Results In the statistical analysis, although gallbladders in the first group were bigger, the average length of the samples taken in the second group was greater. Inflammatory cells, pyloric metaplasia, intestinal metaplasia, low grade dysplasia, and invasive carcinoma were seen more often in the second group. Conclusions In our study, the use of a longitudinal sampling technique enabled us to examine a longer mucosa and to detect more mucosal lesions than did our classical technique. Thus, longitudinal sampling can be an effective technique in detecting preinvasive lesions. PMID:24421844
Yagc?, Ayse; Tasl?, Funda; Kebat, Tulu; Deniz, Senem; Erkan, Nazif; Kitapc?oglu, Gul; Vardar, Enver
Background Liver resection is reputed to be one of the most difficult procedures embraced in laparoscopy. This report shows that with adequate training, anatomical liver resection including major hepatectomies can be performed. Methods This is a retrospective study. Results From 1995 to 2004, among 84 laparoscopic liver resections, 46 (54%) anatomical laparoscopic hepatectomies were performed in our institution by laparoscopy. Nine (20%) patients had benign disease while 37 (80%) had malignant lesions. Among those with malignant lesions, 14 patients had hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 18 had colorectal metastasis (CRM), while 5 had miscellaneous tumours. For benign disease, minor (two Couinaud's segments or less) and major anatomic hepatectomies were performed in five and four patients, respectively. For malignant lesions, minor and major anatomic hepatectomies were performed in 15 and 22 patients, respectively. Overall, conversion to laparotomy was necessary in 7 (15%) patients. Blood transfusion was required in five (10%) patients. One patient died of cerebral infarction 8 days after a massive peroperative haemorrhage. The overall morbidity rate was 34% whatever the type of resection. Three patients required reoperation, either for haemorrhage (n=1) and/or biliary leak (n=2). For CRM (n=18), overall and disease-free survival at 24 months (mean follow-up of 17 months) were 100% and 56%, respectively. For HCC (n=14), overall and disease-free survival at 36 months (mean follow-up of 29 months) were 91% and 65%, respectively. No port site metastasis occurred in patients with malignancy. Conclusions After a long training with limited liver resection in superficial segments, laparoscopic anatomical minor and major resections are feasible. Short-term carcinological results seem to be similar to those obtained with laparotomy. PMID:18333079
Vibert, Eric; Kouider, Ali
As with the increasingly common presence of laparoscopic surgery in renal adenocarcinoma, the same situation is also occurring with radical management of tumours of the upper urothelium. In this type of clinical condition, it is important to emphasize the different ways to mobilise the distal ureter (with transuretral resection or unroofing, pure laparoscopy, or open), and to take into account that this tumour has the highest risk of implantation at the ports of entry. Here, we conduct a literature review and up-date of the different approaches to the distal urethra. PMID:16884102
Fariña Pérez, L A
Laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is one of the most effective weight loss procedures currently\\u000a available. Both short- and long-term weight loss exceed that of any other bariatric operation. BPD-DS involves a 150- to 200-cc\\u000a sleeve or vertical gastrectomy, a duodenoileal anastomosis, and a long Roux-en-Y with a 150-cm alimentary limb and a 100-cm\\u000a common channel (Fig. 14.1).
Manish Parikh; Michel Gagner; Alfons Pomp
Background Laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) has become the standard of care for many conditions requiring removal of the adrenal gland.\\u000a Previous studies on outcomes after LA have had limitations. This report describes the 30-day morbidity and mortality rates\\u000a after LA and analyzes factors affecting operative time, hospital length of stay (LOS), and postoperative morbidity.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods Patients undergoing LA in 2007and 2008 were identified
Prateek K. Gupta; Bala Natarajan; Pradeep K. Pallati; Himani Gupta; Jyothsna Sainath; Robert J. Fitzgibbons
Recent publications have failed to demonstrate significant differences in perioperative oncological and functional outcomes between laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRPE) and R-LRPE. Reports suggesting better functional results, in particular better potency rates for R-LRPE, are rare. However, to date no large prospective, randomized, multicenter studies have compared the two methods. With an experienced operator both methods produce comparably good results. The monopoly of the intuitive system with extremely high cost of purchase and maintenance are the major disadvantages of R-LRPE. PMID:22526174
Do, H M; Holze, S; Qazi, H; Dietel, A; Häfner, T; Liatsikos, E; Stolzenburg, J-U
Late endocarditis after surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot is rare. We describe a case of endocarditis following cholecystectomy in a 22-year old patient with repaired tetralogy of Fallot. After cholecystectomy, the patient was referred to a cardiology clinic with unexplained fever and suspicion of endocarditis. Echocardiography revealed a large mass at the basal level of interventricular septum. Endocarditis was
Murat Çayl?; Mesut Demir; Hafize Yal?n?z; Tümer Ulus
AIM: To assess the feasibility, safety of rigid tubal ligation scope in laparoscopic common bile duct (CBD) exploration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rigid nephroscope was used for laparoscopic CBD exploration until one day we tried the same with the rigid tubal ligation scope, which was passed easily into CBD both proximally and distally visualising the interior of the duct for presence of stone that were removed using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography (ERCP) basket. This serendipity led us to use this scope for numerous patients from then on. A total of 62 patients, including male and female, underwent laparoscopic CBD exploration after choledochotomy with rigid tubal ligation scope between March 2007 and December 2012 followed by cholecystectomy. All the patients had both cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis with minimum duct diameter of 12 mm. A total of 48 patients were given T-tube through choledochotomy and closed, and the remaining 14 patients had primary closure of choledochotomy. RESULTS: There were no intra-operative complications in any of the patients like CBD injury or portal vein injury. Post-operatively graded clamping of T-tube was done and was removed after 15 days in the patients who were given T-tube. None had retained the stone after T-tube cholangiography, which was done before removing the tube. Mean duration of follow up was 6 months. No patients had any complaints during the follow up. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic CBD exploration is also feasible with rigid tubal ligation scope. With experienced surgeons, CBD injury is very minimal and stone clearance can be achieved in almost all patients. This rigid tubal ligation scope can be an alternative to other rigid and flexible scopes. PMID:24761081
Sahoo, Manash Ranjan; Thimmegowda, Anil Kumar; Behera, Syama Sundar
PurposeAn increasing number of operative procedures in pediatric urology can be performed by laparoscopy. We report our experience with laparoscopic heminephroureterectomy, which is a typical operation in pediatric patients.
Gunter Janetschek; Jorg Seibold; Christian Radmayr; Georg Bartsch
The use of laparoscopy has been established in improving perioperative and postoperative outcomes for patients with simple appendicitis. Laparoscopic appendectomy is associated with less wound pain, less wound infection, a shorter hospital stay, and faster overall recovery when compared to the open appendectomy for uncomplicated cases. In the past two decades, the use of laparoscopy for the treatment of perforated appendicitis to take the advantages of minimally invasiveness has increased. This article reviewed the prevalence, approaches, safety disclaimers, perioperative and postoperative outcomes of the laparoscopic appendectomy in the treatment of patients with perforated appendicitis. Special issues including the conversion, interval appendectomy, laparoscopic approach for elderly or obese patient are also discussed to define the role of laparoscopic treatment for patients with perforated appendicitis. PMID:25339821
Lin, Heng-Fu; Lai, Hong-Shiee; Lai, I-Rue
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to determine whether laparoscopic salpingostomy is preferable to laparoscopic methotrexate injection in the management of unruptured tubal gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-eight patients with unruptured tubal pregnancy were prospectively randomized to either laparoscopic salpingostomy or laparoscopic local methotrexate injection in a university medical center. Operation time, duration of hospital stay, decrease in levels of ?-human chorionic gonadotropin,
Zilber; Pansky; Bukovsky; Golan
This simulation of laparoscopic surgery enables learners to practice and to learn this modern surgical technique. Learners discover how to manipulate a variety of instruments while watching a TV monitor, thereby learning to compensate while going from a 3-D situation to a 2-D situation. Learners also analyze the pros and cons of the procedure. Note: Laparoscopic instruments are needed for this activity; adult supervision and safety demonstration recommended. A/V equipment is also required.
This study evaluated outcome in patients undergoing laparoscopically assisted sigmoid resection for diverticular disease.\\u000a A total of 29 consecutive patients were treated surgically for colonic diverticulitis; in 27 of these laparoscopy was performed.\\u000a The review of medical records from a control group of 34 patients undergoing open resection were used for comparison. The\\u000a conversion rate was 7.5%. Using the laparoscopic
L. Köhler; D. Rixen; H. Troidl
The authors report the case of a 63-year-old patient who was polytraumatized in a motor vehicle accident and suffered multiple traumatic injuries. Chest and pelvic fractures as well as left-sided diaphragmatic rupture with associated omentum herniation were diagnosed on CT scan. None of the injuries required urgent surgical intervention. After 10 days supportive therapy, elective laparoscopic reconstruction of the diaphragmatic hernia was performed. The authors discuss the role of laparoscopic diaphragm reconstruction. PMID:25327405
Halvax, Péter; Légner, András; Paál, Balázs; Somogyi, Rózsa; Ukös, Mária; Altorjay, Aron
Background: Postoperative rhabdomyolysis is an uncommon event. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of rhabdomyolysis\\u000a following laparoscopic obesity surgery. Methods: Rhabdomyolysis was studied prospectively. Over a 6-month period, 66 consecutive\\u000a patients underwent bariatric surgery (gastric banding (n=50) and gastric bypass (n=16)). All patients underwent laparoscopic\\u000a procedures. A range of blood tests, including serum creatine phosphokinase (CPK)
Philippe Mognol; Stéphane Vignes; Denis Chosidow; Jean-Pierre Marmuse
Purpose We investigated routinely the bile ducts by magnetic resonance cholangiopancreaticography (MRCP) prior to cholecystectomy.\\u000a The aim of this study was to analyze the rate of clinically inapparent common bile duct (CBD) stones, the predictive value\\u000a of elevated liver enzymes for CBD stones, and the influence of the radiological results on the perioperative management.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods In this prospective study, 465 patients were
C. A. Nebiker; S. A. Baierlein; S. Beck; M. von Flüe; C. Ackermann; R. Peterli
PurposePartial nephrectomy for hilar tumors represents a technical challenge not only for laparoscopic, but also for open surgeons. We report the technical feasibility and perioperative outcomes of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) for hilar tumors.
INDERBIR S. GILL; JOSE R. COLOMBO; IGOR FRANK; ALIREZA MOINZADEH; JIHAD KAOUK; MIHIR DESAI
With smaller incisions, laparoscopic, or minimally invasive, surgery is considered safer for patients than open surgery. However, the safety of current laparoscopic grasping instruments can still be improved. Current devices ...
Reyda, Caitlin J. (Caitlin Jilaine)
Trichobezoars are seen usually in adolescent girls and laparotomy is required to remove them, though recently laparoscopic assisted and laparoscopic removal have been reported in adults and older children. We report this 4-year-old boy who underwent complete laparoscopic removal of a gastric trichobezoar, both for its rarity in such young boys and also because he is the youngest reported patient to undergo complete laparoscopic removal of a gastric trichobezoar. PMID:25013333
Vepakomma, Deepti; Alladi, Anand
Trichobezoars are seen usually in adolescent girls and laparotomy is required to remove them, though recently laparoscopic assisted and laparoscopic removal have been reported in adults and older children. We report this 4-year-old boy who underwent complete laparoscopic removal of a gastric trichobezoar, both for its rarity in such young boys and also because he is the youngest reported patient to undergo complete laparoscopic removal of a gastric trichobezoar. PMID:25013333
Vepakomma, Deepti; Alladi, Anand
Background: Increasing numbers of laparoscopic surgeons are performing laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LGB). Our aim\\u000a was to determine the length of the learning curve for a skilled laparoscopic surgeon. Methods: The study population consisted\\u000a of the first 225 consecutive LGB procedures attempted by one laparoscopic surgeon (HJS). Outcome parameters included mortality,\\u000a morbidity, operative time, and conversion to an open procedure.
D. Oliak; G. H. Ballantyne; P. Weber; A. Wasielewski; R. J. Davies; H. J. Schmidt
Objective To study feasibility and results of cholecystectomy at the time of cesarean section. Material and Methods Thirty-two patients were subjected to cholecystectomy at cesarean section. Most of them were diagnosed with cholelithiasis at or before the first antenatal scan. Cholecystectomy was performed by subcostal mini-laparotomy, after assessing the anatomy via the cesarean wound. Results Cholecystectomy was combined with lower segment cesarean section in all the patients. Under general anaesthesia, surgeries were performed with an mean duration of 90 minutes. Difficult anatomy at calots was found in 3 patients, who required extension of subcostal incision by 3–4 cm. One woman required blood transfusion during operation. There were no other intraoperative or postoperative complications. No extra antibiotics or analgesics doses were needed. Patients were discharged on 5th–7th postoperative day. Conclusion Combined cesarean section and cholecystectomy avoids rehospitalisation for separate cholecystectomy. With an additional small subcostal incision, single anaesthesia, and single hospital stay, the combined procedure confers valuable advantages for both patient and hospital in time, cost, and convenience, including avoiding the separation of mother from newborn entailed by reoperation. It also prevents the possibility of developing acute cholecystitis while the patient is waiting for cholecystectomy. Our results indicate that the combination approach is safe, effective, and well accepted. PMID:24592036
Mushtaque, Majid; Guru, Ibrahim R.; Malik, Tajamul N.; Khanday, Samina A.
Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy has become an attractive and exciting approach for the surgical treatment of localized prostate cancer. Two main routes are mainly used, namely the transperitoneal and the extraperitoneal approach. Minimal bleeding, shorter hospitalization and recovery time are unquestionable advantages for laparoscopic procedures. Oncological and functional results of laparoscopic prostatectomies today are comparable to those of the open retropubic
Application of Augmented Reality to Laparoscopic Surgery by Jeremy D. Ackerman A Dissertation to Laparoscopic Surgery. (Under the direction of Henry Fuchs, Ph. D..) ABSTRACT The usefulness and feasibility of an augmented reality visualization system for laparoscopic surgery is examined. This technology could enable
Whitton, Mary C.
Although great advances in laparoscopic techniques have been made in the field of adult surgery, its application in infants and young children has been limited. We present a technique of laparoscopic pyloromyotomy that has been successfully used in two babies, employing specially made instruments. Laparoscopic surgery deserves further consideration in this age group.
H. L. Tan; A. Najmaldin
Objective. To evaluate the indication and the clinical value of laparoscopic adrenalectomy of different types of adrenal tumor. Methods. From 2009 to 2014, a total of 110 patients were diagnosed with adrenal benign tumor by CT scan and we performed laparoscopic adrenalectomy. The laparoscopic approach has been the procedure of choice for surgery of benign adrenal tumors, and the upper limit of tumor size was thought to be 6?cm. Results. 109 of 110 cases were successful; only one was converted to open surgery due to bleeding. The average operating time and intraoperative blood loss of pheochromocytoma were significantly more than the benign tumors (P < 0.05). After 3 months of follow-up, the preoperative symptoms were relieved and there was no recurrence. Conclusions. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy has the advantages of minimal invasion, less blood loss, fewer complications, quicker recovery, and shorter hospital stay. The full preparation before operation can decrease the average operating time and intraoperative blood loss of pheochromocytomas. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy should be considered as the first choice treatment for the resection of adrenal benign tumor. PMID:25132851
Chuan-yu, Sun; Yat-faat, Ho; Wei-hong, Ding; Yuan-cheng, Gou; Qing-feng, Hu; Ke, Xu; Bin, Gu; Guo-wei, Xia
The classic procedure for aortobifemoral bypass is open surgery. Since the first totally laparoscopic aortobifemoral bypass reported in 1997 by Yves-Marie Dion, laparoscopy has been accepted by several authors as a possible minimally invasive alternative for aorto-iliac occlusive disease. The transperitoneal left retrocolic and retrorenal ways are generally used. The totally retroperitoneal laparoscopic procedure has been described as an alternative to the transperitoneal approach. We report here a totally laparoscopic retroperitoneal approach to performing aortobifemoral bypass. This approach was proposed to a 51-year-old man with aorto-iliac occlusive disease. There was no indication for endovascular revascularization. The patient suffered from 10 metres of bilateral intermittent claudication and lower limb ulcers. During the surgical procedure our patient was placed in a 30-degree right lateral decubitus position. The optical system was first placed in an intra-abdominal position to check the positioning of the trocars in the left retroperitoneal space. The dissection of the retroperitoneal space was performed by CO2 insufflation and by blunt dissection using laparoscopic forceps. The infrarenal aorta was exposed and clamped by laparoscopic clamps. A bifurcated graft was sutured on the left-hand side of the aorta by a running suture. Both prosthetic limbs were tunnelized retroperitoneally to the groin under optical control. The femoral anastomoses were performed by classic open surgery. PMID:18074917
Segers, B; Lemaitre, J; Bosschaerts, Th; Guntz, E; Roman, A; Jozsa, B; Hazane, E; Horn, D; Pastijn, I; Barroy, J P
To review the complications associated with laparoscopic surgery and provide clinical direction regarding the best practice based on the best available evidence. The laparoscopic entry techniques and technologies reviewed include the classic pneumoperitoneum (Veress/trocar), the open (Hasson), the direct trocar insertion, the use of disposable shielded trocars, radially expanding trocars and visual entry systems. Medline, Pubmed and Cochrane Databases were searched for English language articles published before December 2008. It is an evidence based fact that minimal access surgery is superior to conventional open surgery since this is beneficial to the women, community and the healthcare system.Over the past 50 years, many techniques, technologies and guidelines have been introduced to eliminate the risks associated with laparoscopic entry. No single technique or instrument has been proved to eliminate laparoscopic entry associated injury. Proper evaluation of the women, supported by surgical skills and good knowledge of the technology and instrumentation is the keystone to safe access and prevention of complications during laparoscopic surgery. PMID:22442503
Krishnakumar, S; Tambe, P
Emergency cholecystectomy and hepatic arterial repair in a patient presenting with haemobilia and massive gastrointestinal haemorrhage due to a spontaneous cystic artery gallbladder fistula masquerading as a pseudoaneurysm
Background Haemobilia usually occurs secondary to accidental or iatrogenic hepatobiliary trauma. It can occasionally present with cataclysmal upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage posing as a life threatening emergency. Haemobilia can very rarely be a complication of acute cholecystitis. Here we report a case of haemobilia manifesting as massive gastrointestinal haemorrhage in a patient without any prior history of biliary surgery or intervention and present a brief review of literature. Case presentation A 22 year old male admitted with history suggestive of acute cholecystitis subsequently developed waxing waning jaundice and recurrent episodes of upper gastrointestinal bleed. Endoscopy showed an ulcer in the first part of duodenum with a clot, no active bleed was visible. Angiography was suggestive of a ruptured pseudoaneurysm in the vicinity of the right hepatic artery probably originating from the cystic artery. Coil embolization was tried but the coil dislodged into the right branch of hepatic artery distal to the site of pseudoaneurysm. Review of angiographic video in light of operative findings demonstrated a fistulous communication between cystic artery and gallbladder as the cause, a simultaneous cholecystoduodenal fistula was also noted. Retrograde cholecystectomy, closure of cholecystoduodenal fistula and right hepatic arteriotomy with retrieval of the endo-coil and hepatic arterial repair was performed. Conclusion Fistula between the cystic artery and gallbladder has been commonly reported to occur after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Spontaneous fistulous communication, i.e. in the absence of any prior trauma or intervention, between cystic artery and gallbladder is rare with very few reports in literature. Aetiopathogenesis of the disease, in the context of current literature is reviewed. The diagnostic dilemma posed by the confounding finding of an ulcer in the duodenum, the iconic video angiographic depiction as also the therapeutic challenge of a failed embolization with consequent microcoil migration and primary hepatic arterial repair in the emergency situation is discussed. PMID:23452779
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of a laparoscopic approach to recurrent inguinal hernia repair which dissected the entire inguinal floor and repaired all potential areas of recurrence without producing tension. Both a transabdominal preperitoneal and a totally extraperitoneal laparoscopic approach were utilized. Ninety recurrent hernias were repaired in 81 patients. The patients had 26 indirect, 36 direct, and 26 pantaloon recurrent hernias of which eight had a femoral component. In all but one patient the primary operations were open anterior repairs. The median follow-up was 14 months, ranging from 1 to 28 months. Patients returned to normal activities in an average of 1 week. The only recurrence observed was in the one patient whose primary repair was laparoscopic. When the entire inguinal floor of the recurrent hernia was redissected and buttressed with mesh, early recurrence was eliminated and recovery was shortened. PMID:7597580
Felix, E L; Michas, C A; McKnight, R L
In the Netherlands every year about 16,000 appendectomies are carried out. Despite the increase in preoperative radiological evaluation of the appendix, the negative appendectomy rate is still around 16%, with a morbidity of approximately 5%. The Dutch practice guideline on appendicitis states that a normal appendix should not be removed, although laparoscopic criteria to establish appendicitis are lacking. Retrospective analysis of negative appendectomies shows that in 51% of cases the surgeon was convinced the appendix was inflamed. Furthermore, in an online survey, 78% of responding Dutch surgeons stated that if good and reproducible criteria for identifying appendicitis during laparoscopy were available they would use them. In conclusion, laparoscopic evaluation of the appendix is not always easy and use of the laparoscopic appendicitis score (LAPP) might lead to fewer negative appendectomies with their associated morbidity. Surgeons should be more aware of the morbidity associated with a negative appendectomy. PMID:23548189
Hamminga, Jenneke T H; Hofker, H Sijbrand; Haveman, Jan Willem
IMPORTANCE Significant controversy exists regarding routine intraoperative cholangiography in preventing common duct injury during cholecystectomy. OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between intraoperative cholangiography use during cholecystectomy and common duct injury. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Retrospective cohort study of all Texas Medicare claims data from 2000 through 2009. We identified Medicare beneficiaries 66 years or older who underwent inpatient or outpatient cholecystectomy for biliary colic or biliary dyskinesia, acute cholecystitis, or chronic cholecystitis. We compared results from multilevel logistic regression models to the instrumental variable analyses. INTERVENTIONS Intraoperative cholangiography use during cholecystectomy was determined at the level of the patients (yes/no), hospitals (percentage intraoperative cholangiography use for all cholecystectomies at the hospital), and surgeons (percentage use for all cholecystectomies performed by the surgeon). Percentage of use at the hospital and percentage of use by surgeon were the instrumental variables. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Patients with claims for common duct repair operations within 1 year of cholecystectomy were considered as having major common duct injury. RESULTS Of 92 932 patients undergoing cholecystectomy, 37 533 (40.4%) underwent concurrent intraoperative cholangiography and 280 (0.30%) had a common duct injury. The common duct injury rate was 0.21% among patients with intraoperative cholangiography and 0.36% among patients without it. In a logistic regression model controlling for patient, surgeon, and hospital characteristics, the odds of common duct injury for cholecystectomies performed without intraoperative cholangiography were increased compared with those performed with it (OR, 1.79 [95% CI, 1.35–2.36]; P < .001). When confounding was controlled with instrumental variable analysis, the association between cholecystectomy performed without intraoperative cholangiography and duct injury was no longer significant (OR, 1.26 [95% CI, 0.81–1.96]; P = .31). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE When confounders were controlled with instrumental variable analysis, there was no statistically significant association between intraoperative cholangiography and common duct injury. Intraoperative cholangiography is not effective as a preventive strategy against common duct injury during cholecystectomy. PMID:23982367
Sheffield, Kristin M.; Riall, Taylor S.; Han, Yimei; Kuo, Yong-Fang; Townsend, Courtney M.; Goodwin, James S.
In light of evidence linking radical nephrectomy and consequent suboptimal renal function to adverse cardiovascular events and increased mortality, research into nephron-sparing techniques for renal masses widely expanded in the past two decades. The American Urological Association (AUA) guidelines now explicitly list partial nephrectomy as the standard of care for the management of T1a renal tumors. Because of the increasing utilization of cross-sectional imaging, up to 70% of newly detected renal masses are stage T1a, making them more amenable to minimally invasive nephron-sparing therapies including laparoscopic and robotic partial nephrectomy and ablative therapies. Cryosurgery has emerged as a leading option for renal ablation, and compared with surgical techniques it offers benefits in preserving renal function with fewer complications, shorter hospitalization times, and allows for quicker convalescence. A mature dataset exists at this time, with intermediate and long-term follow-up data available. Cryosurgical recommendations as a first-line therapy are made at this time in limited populations, including elderly patients, patients with multiple comorbidities, and those with a solitary kidney. As more data emerge on oncologic efficacy, and technical experience and the technology continue to improve, the application of this modality will likely be extended in future treatment guidelines. PMID:24596441
Schiffman, Marc; Moshfegh, Amiel; Talenfeld, Adam; Del Pizzo, Joseph J
It is known that, unilateral thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) applications performed with general anesthesia provide satisfactory conditions for open cholecystectomy increase the quality of post-operative analgesia and patient comfort and decrease the frequency of post-operative nausea and vomiting. In this case report, the TPVB was presented which was performed for two patients with high risk of anesthesia who have been planned to undergo open cholecystectomy.
Beyaz, Serbulent Gokhan; Ozocak, Hande; Ergonenc, Tolga; Erdem, Ali Fuat
Background\\/aimThe British Committee for Standards in Haematology currently recommends concomitant splenectomy in children with mild hereditary spherocytosis (HS) undergoing cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallstones. However, splenectomy is associated with a risk of life-threatening infection, particularly in young children. The aim of this study was to audit the outcome of the practice of uncoupling splenectomy and cholecystectomy in such patients.MethodsChildren referred with
Naved K Alizai; E Michael Richards; Mark D Stringer
Background Despite evidence in favour of early cholecystectomy for most patients with acute cholecystitis, variation in practice has been reported across hospitals worldwide. We sought to characterize the extent and potential sources of variation in the performance of early cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis within a large regional health care system. Methods We used a population-based retrospective cohort design. The cohort was limited to adults with a first episode of acute cholecystitis, admitted through the emergency department. Patients were identified using administrative databases comprising all emergency department visits and hospital admissions in Ontario from 2004 to 2010. Patient and hospital characteristics associated with early cholecystectomy (within 7 d of emergency department presentation) were identified using multilevel logistic regression. Results We identified 24 437 patients admitted to 106 hospitals with a first episode of acute cholecystitis. Most (58%, n = 14 286) underwent early cholecystectomy. Rates of early cholecystectomy varied widely across hospitals (median 51%, interquartile range [IQR] 25%–72%), even among healthy patients aged 18–49 years with uncomplicated cholecystitis (median 74%, IQR 41%–88%). Multivariable multilevel analysis showed that hospitals in the lowest quartile for volume of acute cholecystitis admissions had the lowest adjusted odds of early cholecystectomy (odds ratio 0.53, 95% confidence interval 0.35–0.78) and that hospital effects accounted for half (27%) of the explained variation (53%) in early cholecystectomy. Interpretation Across the hospitals of a regional health care system, similar patients with acute cholecystitis did not receive comparable care. Hospital-specific initiatives should be considered to facilitate early cholecystectomy for patients with acute cholecystitis. PMID:25077105
Laupacis, Andreas; Rotstein, Ori D.; Hoch, Jeffrey S.; Haas, Barbara; Gomez, David; Zagorski, Brandon; Nathens, Avery B.
Background This study examines the factors related to infection and incisional herniation after laparoscopy at the umbilicus, as compared\\u000a with those at remote sites.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods From a prospective database of 561 cholecystectomies, 190 inguinal hernia repairs, 71 Nissen fundoplications, and 51 ventral\\u000a hernia repairs, 873 consecutive Hasson cannula sites, 748 umbilicus sites, and 125 remote sites were analyzed.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results The wound infection rate
A. J. Voitk; S. G. S. Tsao
Background: The magnitude of the systemic response is proportional to the degree of surgical trauma. Much has been reported in the literature comparing metabolic and immune responses, analgesia use, or length of hospital stay between laparoscopic and open procedures. In particular, metabolic and immune responses are represented by measuring various chemical mediators as stress responses. Laparoscopic procedures are associated with reduced operative trauma compared with open procedures, resulting in lower systemic response. As a result, laparoscopic procedures are now well accepted for both benign and malignant processes. Laparoscopic liver resection, specifically, is employed for symptomatic and some malignant tumors, following improvements in diagnostic accuracy, laparoscopic devices, and techniques. However, laparoscopic liver resection is still controversial in malignant disease because of complex anatomy, the technical difficulty of the procedure, and questionable indications. There are few reports describing the stress responses associated with laparoscopic liver resection, even though many studies reviewing stress responses have been performed recently in both humans and animal models comparing laparoscopic to conventional open surgery. Although this review examines stress response after laparoscopic liver resection in both an animal and human clinical model, further controlled randomized studies with additional investigations of immunologic parameters are needed to demonstrate the consequences of either minimally invasive surgery or open procedures on perioperative or postoperative stress responses for laparoscopic liver resection. PMID:18333082
Ueda, Kazuki; Turner, Patricia
A multicenter retrospective study was undertaken to assess the efficacy and safety of laparoscopy in colon and rectal surgery. To minimize potential bias in interpretation of the results, all data were registered with an independent observer, who did not participate in any of the surgical procedures. Sixty-six patients underwent a laparoscopic procedure. Operations performed included sigmoid colectomy (19), right hemicolectomy
P. M. Falk; R. W. Beart; S. D. Wexner; A. G. Thorson; D. G. Jagelman; I. C. Lavery; O. B. Johansen; R. J. Fitzgibbons
Background: Endoscopic stenting is the treatment of choice for palliative relief of biliary obstruction by a periampullary tumor. If treated surgically, a choledochojejunostomy and Roux-en-Y diversion is still performed by laparotomy in a large number of cases due to technical challenges of the biliodigestive anastomosis in the laparoscopic approach. Robotic systems may enhance dexterity and vision and might therefore support
J. P. Ruurda; K. W. van Dongen; J. Dries; I. H. M. Borel Rinkes; I. A. M. J. Broeders
Stump appendicitis (SA) is a rare clinicopathologic entity characterised by inflammation of the appendiceal remnant after incomplete appendectomy. The diagnosis is not routinely suspected in patients who have previously undergone appendectomy. We report a case of SA in an adolescent boy who had previously undergone laparoscopic appendectomy. The case necessitated surgical completion of the appendectomy. PMID:21509217
Parameshwarappa, Suresh; Rodrigues, Gabriel; Prabhu, Raghunath; Sambhaji, Charudutt
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic appendectomy is becoming the preferred technique for treating acute appendicitis. However, its role in the treatment of complicated appendicitis is controversial. This study was undertaken to assess the feasibility of laparoscopic appendectomy for appendicular mass. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of all the patients who were treated laparoscopically for appendicular mass from March 2007 to October 2009. Setting: Tertiary care hospital. RESULTS: A total of 120 patients were treated for appendicitis. A retrospective review of the patients’ records demonstrated that 19 patients (15.8%) had appendicular mass at the time of admission. The average operative time was 95 minutes (range 45-140 minutes). Pathological evidence of appendicitis was present in all the patients. The average length of hospital stay was six days (rang 6-9 days). Three patients (15.7%) had post- operative complications. Two patients developed wound infections and one patient was re-admitted with pain and a lump below the umbilical port. CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that laparoscopic appendectomy is feasible in patients with appendicular mass. The authors propose a prospective, randomized trial to verify this finding. PMID:21523236
Shindholimath, Vishwanath V; Thinakaran, K; Rao, T Narayana; Veerappa, Yenni Veerabhadrappa
PurposeWe report a prospective, randomized comparison of transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy (TLA) vs retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy (RLA) for adrenal lesions with long-term followup.
MAURICIO RUBINSTEIN; INDERBIR S. GILL; MONISH ARON; METE KILCILER; ANOOP M. MERANEY; ANTONIO FINELLI; ALI MOINZADEH; OSAMU UKIMURA; MIHIR M. DESAI; JIHAD KAOUK; EMMANUEL BRAVO
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most frequent gastrointestinal tumors of mesodermal origin. Gastric GISTs represent approximately 70% of all gastrointestinal GISTs. The only curative option is surgical resection. Many surgical groups have shown good results with the laparoscopic approach. There have not been any randomized controlled trials comparing the open vs laparoscopic approach, and all recommendations have been based on observational studies. The experience obtained from gastric laparoscopic surgery during recent decades and the development of specific devices have allowed the treatment of most gastric GISTs through the laparoscopic approach. PMID:25031788
Correa-Cote, Juan; Morales-Uribe, Carlos; Sanabria, Alvaro
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most frequent gastrointestinal tumors of mesodermal origin. Gastric GISTs represent approximately 70% of all gastrointestinal GISTs. The only curative option is surgical resection. Many surgical groups have shown good results with the laparoscopic approach. There have not been any randomized controlled trials comparing the open vs laparoscopic approach, and all recommendations have been based on observational studies. The experience obtained from gastric laparoscopic surgery during recent decades and the development of specific devices have allowed the treatment of most gastric GISTs through the laparoscopic approach. PMID:25031788
Correa-Cote, Juan; Morales-Uribe, Carlos; Sanabria, Alvaro
Purpose. The study was undertaken to evaluate a novel classification system developed to estimate financial cost of bile duct injury (BDI) and to aid in decision making for referral. Study Design. A retrospective review of patients referred for BDI was performed. Grade I injuries involve the duct of Luschka or accessory right hepatic ducts, grade II includes all other biliary injuries, and grade III includes all vasculobiliary injuries. Groups were compared using standard statistical methods. Results. There were 14 grade I, 74 grade II, and 20 grade III injuries. There was a significant difference in the cost and mortality of grade I ($12,457, 0%), grade II ($46,481, 1.4%), and grade III ($69,368, 15%, P = 0.002 and P = 0.030, resp.) injuries. Grade II and III injuries were significantly more likely to require surgical repair (OR 27.7, P < 0.001). Conclusion. We have presented a simple classification system that is able to accurately predict cost and need for surgical repair. PMID:21912446
Cannon, Robert M.; Brock, Guy; Buell, Joseph F.
The aim of the study was to describe simultaneous laparoscopic adrenalectomy and laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery, to discuss the details of a convenient laparoscopic approach and the way of port placement, as well as to present a review of the literature concerning combined laparoscopic procedures. A 72-year-old woman was admitted to our department because of a tumor of the right adrenal gland and a small tumor of the right kidney. The patient underwent simultaneous laparoscopic adrenalectomy and laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery. The postoperative period was uncomplicated. The patient was discharged from the hospital on the 4th postoperative day. We believe that the proposed way of trocar placement would help to avoid a ‘rollover’ problem between the laparoscope and a Satinsky clamp or a ‘crossing swords’ problem between a Satinsky clamp and manipulators. PMID:24501608
Panek, Wojciech; Lewandowski, Jaroslaw; Tuchendler, Tomasz; Urba?czyk, Grzegorz; Litarski, Adam; Apozna?ski, Wojciech
The minimally invasive approach has been slow to gain acceptance in the field of pancreatic surgery even though its advantages over the open approach have been extensively documented in the medical literature. The reasons for the reluctant use of the technique are manifold. Laparoscopic distal or left sided pancreatic resections have slowly become the standard approach to lesions of the pancreatic body and tail as a result of evolution in technology and experience. A number of studies have shown the potential advantages of the technique in terms of safety, blood loss, oncological and economic feasibility, hospital stay and time to recovery from surgery. This review aims to provide an overview of the recent advances in the field of laparoscopic left pancreatectomy (LLP) and discuss potential future developments. PMID:23890145
Abu Hilal, Mohammad; Takhar, Arjun S
The risks, benefits and costs of laparoscopic hernia repair are still being debated. According to a current survey on the situation of hernia surgery in Germany in 1996, laparoscopic hernioplasty was done in about 60% of the answering hospitals; about a quarter of all hernia repairs are done laparoscopically. Since April 1993, about 2,700 laparoscopic hernia repairs were done at
R. Bittner; B. Leibl; K. Kraft; J. Schwarz; C.-G. Schmedt
The robotic technique, which was first introduced in laparoscopic heart surgery, has revolutionized laparoscopic surgery over the last 5 years. In May 2000, our department accomplished the first robot assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Since that time we have performed more than 118 such procedures and several other laparoscopic operations using the robotic technique. We here summarize our experience in robot assisted
M. Wolfram; R. Bräutigam; T. Engl; W. Bentas; S. Heitkamp; M. Ostwald; W. Kramer; J. Binder; R. Blaheta; D. Jonas; W.-D. Beecken
Background: In the large bowel, resection of the sigmoid colon is the most commonly performed laparoscopic intervention because large\\u000a bowel lesions often are located in this part of the bowel and the procedure technically is the most favorable one. A number\\u000a of publications involving case series or the results of highly experienced individual surgeons already have confirmed the\\u000a feasibility of
F. Köckerling; C. Schneider; M. A. Reymond; H. Scheuerlein; J. Konradt; H. P. Bruch; C. Zornig; L. Köhler; E. Bärlehner; A. Kuthe; G. Szinicz; H. A. Richter; W. Hohenberger
Multimodal interfaces are providing promising simulation solutions for training different practitioners as surgeons. These\\u000a environments present visual and haptic interaction to the trainee, as in a real intervention. They offer numerous advantages\\u000a over the traditional learning process, like the possibility of monitoring the skills and delivering constructive feedback.\\u000a This chapter presents a multimodal interface for laparoscopic training describing the functionality
Pablo Lamata; Carlos Alberola; Francisco Sánchez-Margallo; Miguel Ángel Florido; Enrique J. Gómez
The 1994 meeting of the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery (E.A.E.S.) in Madrid highlighted a consensus-developing conference on the then new laparoscopic procedure for hernia repair. The conference was chaired by A. Paul from Cologne, Germany, and A. Fingerhut, from Poissy, France. The other members of the jury were B. Millat (France), L. Nyhus (USA), J. Himpens (Belgium), J.-L. Dulucq
A. Fingerhut; B. Millat; N. Bataille; E. Yachouchi; C. Dziri; M.-J. Boudet; A. Paul
The application of minimally invasive approaches to pancreatic resection for benign and malignant diseases has been growing in the last two decades. Studies have demonstrated that laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) is feasible and safe, and many of them show that compared to open distal pancreatectomy, LDP has decreased blood loss and length of hospital stay, and equivalent post-operative complication rates and short-term oncologic outcomes. LDP is becoming the procedure of choice for benign or small low-grade malignant lesions in the distal pancreas. Minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy (MIPD) has not yet been widely adopted. There is no clear evidence in favor of MIPD over open pancreaticoduodenectomy in operative time, blood loss, length of stay or rate of complications. Robotic surgery has recently been applied to pancreatectomy, and many of the advantages of laparoscopy over open surgery have been observed in robotic surgery. Laparoscopic enucleation is considered safe for patients with small, benign or low-grade malignant lesions of the pancreas that is amenable to parenchyma-preserving procedure. As surgeons’ experience with advanced laparoscopic and robotic skills has been growing around the world, new innovations and breakthrough in minimally invasive pancreatic procedures will evolve. PMID:25339811
Liang, Shuyin; Hameed, Usmaan; Jayaraman, Shiva
Since the introduction of laparoscopic appendectomy by Semm in 1983, the role of this minimally invasive surgical technique has been the focus of controversial discussion. Meta-analyses have identified its advantages as having significantly lower wound infection rates, less postoperative pain and earlier resumption of normal everyday activities. The disadvantages are higher rates of intra-abdominal abscesses, longer operating times and higher inpatient treatment costs. However, some of the advantages identified by meta-analyses have been called into question by the results obtained from research into aspects of care. These discrepancies are attributable to the different surgeons involved in the various studies. The results are greatly influenced by the qualifications and experience of the surgeons. Therefore conventional appendectomy using a right lower lateral McBurney incision should continue to be the gold standard. Surgeons who have extensive experience in the field of laparoscopic surgery can achieve better results with minimally invasive appendectomy than with open surgery. This also holds true for specific situations such as complicated appendicitis and for morbidly obese patients. However, the operating costs incurred for laparoscopic appendectomy are higher because it has been shown that removal of the appendix with a linear stapler is the most reliable method. PMID:19455285
Köckerling, F; Schug-Pass, C; Grund, S
Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is an effective treatment for localized prostate cancer. This cost-intensive and technically demanding operation currently takes longer than the standard open procedures, but with increasing experience, it is eventually associated with lower costs and is nearly as fast. As more urologists gain such experience, the laparoscopic approach may challenge the standard approaches. PMID:16985647
Remzi, Mesut; Djavan, Bob
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic liver surgery is becoming increasingly common. This cohort study was designed to directly compare perioperative outcomes of the left lateral segmentectomy via laparoscopic and open approach. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2006 43 left lateral segmentectomies were performed at King's College Hospital. Those excluded from analysis included previous liver resections, polycystic liver disease, liver cirrhosis and synchronous operations. Of
Kirstin A Carswell; Filippos G Sagias; Beth Murgatroyd; Mohamed Rela; Nigel Heaton; Ameet G Patel
BACKGROUND: Sigmoid colectomy for diverticular disease, a routine procedure when performed using standard open methods, can prove much more challenging using minimum access techniques. Hand-assisted laparoscopic colectomy is a new technique that reportedly has a minimum learning curve, yet retains the benefits of a laparoscopic procedure. The purpose of this study was to perform and then prospectively to evaluate the
Michael J. Mooney; Patrick L. Elliott; Derrick B. Galapon; Linda K. James; Laura J. Lilac; Michael J. O'Reilly
Hepatoduodenal ligament cysts are rare. These may be confused with hepatic cysts even on advanced investigative modalities like Computerized tomography scanning or Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Diagnosis is often an intraoperative surprise. Laparoscopic treatment of such hepatoduodenal cysts is not described in available medical literature. We report one such case treated laparoscopically PMID:22837598
Deshpande, Aparna; Dalvi, Abhay N; Thanky, Harsh B; Khobragade, Krunal
Objective: To investigate the feasibility, safety and results of laparoscopic transperitoneal adrenalec- tomies performed with the patient supine, in patients affected by secreting and silent adrenal lesions. Methods: Exclusion criteria were suspected adrenal primary malignancies. Fifty patients (33 women and 17 men; mean age 49.6 years, range 19-75 years) underwent 51 laparoscopic adrenalectomies (one bilateral). After complete endocrinological evaluation, computed
Silvia Filipponi; Mario Guerrieri; Giorgio Arnaldi; Marilena Giovagnetti; Ana M Masini; Emanuele Lezoche; Franco Mantero
Laparoscopic surgery has recently been gaining acceptance as an alternative approach for patients with inflammatory bowel disease. There is increasing evidence demonstrating the multiple potential benefits of laparoscopy including faster recovery, reduced costs, and lower morbidity. For patients with acute colitis, a laparoscopic subtotal colectomy and end ileostomy have been shown to be feasible and safe in experienced hands. When
Sergio Casillas; Conor P. Delaney
The indication of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) has evolved considerably, and the technique is approaching established status at our institution. Over the past 5 years, the senior author has performed more than 450 laparoscopic partial nephrectomies at the Cleveland Clinic. Herein we present our current technique, review contemporary data and oncological outcomes of LPN. PMID:16884101
Colombo, J R; Gill, I S
Human perceptual capabilities related to the laparoscopic interaction paradigm are not well known. Its study is important for the design of virtual reality simulators, and for the specification of augmented reality applications that overcome current limitations and provide a supersensing to the surgeon. As part of this work, this article addresses the study of laparoscopic pulling forces. Two definitions are
Pablo Lamata; Enrique J. Gómez; Félix Lamata Hernández; Alfonso Oltra Pastor; Francisco Miguel Sanchez-Margallo; Francisco del Pozo Guerrero
he goal of this article is to review the status of the emerging field of laparoscopic bariat- ric surgery, to discuss developmental issues regarding technique and training, and fi- nally, to summarize the present and future roles of laparoscopic bariatric surgery. We reviewed all published literature from 1992 to the present on MEDLINE. Articles were excludedforanalysesthatwerecasereportsorarticlesontechnicalaspectsofgivenprocedures.Lap- aroscopic vertical banded gastroplasty
Daniel R. Cottam; Samer G. Mattar; Philip R. Schauer
Background: The aim of this study was to describe the occurrence and clinical characteristics of symptomatic internal hernias (IH) after laparoscopic bariatric procedures. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of cases of IH after 1,064 laparoscopic gastric bypasses (LGB) and biliopancreatic diversions with duodenal switch (LBPD-DS) performed from September 1998 to August 2002. Results: We documented 35 cases of IH
E. Comeau; M. Gagner; W. B. Inabnet; D. M. Herron; T. M. Quinn; A. Pomp
Abstract Background Treatment of type 1 diabetes patients could be simplified if the site of subcutaneous insulin infusion could also be used for the measurement of glucose. This study aimed to assess the agreement between blood glucose concentrations and glucose levels in the interstitial fluid (ISF) that is extracted from the insulin infusion site during periodic short-term interruptions of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). Subjects and Methods A perforated cannula (24 gauge) was inserted into subcutaneous adipose tissue of C-peptide-negative type 1 diabetes subjects (n=13) and used alternately to infuse rapid-acting insulin (100?U/mL) and to extract ISF glucose during a fasting period and after ingestion of a standard oral glucose load (75?g). Results Although periodically interrupted for extracting glucose (every hour for approximately 10?min), insulin infusion with the cannula was adequate to achieve euglycemia during fasting and to restore euglycemia after glucose ingestion. Furthermore, the ISF-derived estimates of plasma glucose levels agreed well with plasma glucose concentrations. Correlation coefficient and median absolute relative difference values were found to be 0.95 and 8.0%, respectively. Error grid analysis showed 99.0% of all ISF glucose values within clinically acceptable Zones A and B (83.5% Zone A, 15.5% Zone B). Conclusions Results show that ISF glucose concentrations measured at the insulin infusion site during periodic short-term interruptions of CSII closely reflect blood glucose levels, thus suggesting that glucose monitoring and insulin delivery may be performed alternately at the same tissue site. A single-port device of this type could be used to simplify and improve glucose management in diabetes. PMID:23126579
Lindpointner, Stefan; Korsatko, Stefan; Tutkur, Dina; Bodenlenz, Manfred; Pieber, Thomas R.
Background\\/purpose Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) is a novel concept using an endoscope via a translumenal access for\\u000a abdominal surgery. This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility and technical aspects of NOTES cholecystectomy from\\u000a our experience on humans and animals.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods NOTES cholecystectomies were performed in 12 animal experiments, including 8 pigs (6 by transgastric and 2 by transvaginal\\u000a accesses)
Maki Sugimoto; Hideki Yasuda; Keiji Koda; Masato Suzuki; Masato Yamazaki; Tohru Tezuka; Chihiro Kosugi; Ryota Higuchi; Yoshihisa Watayo; Yohsuke Yagawa; Shuichiro Uemura; Hironori Tsuchiya; Atsushi Hirano; Shoki Ro
Since the first laparoscopic appendectomy was performed by Semm in 1983, laparoscopic surgery has become the criterion standard surgical route for treatment of several pathologic conditions across disciplines. Attempts to minimize access-related injuries and complications resulted in development of laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS), which, because of the decreased number of ports used, may be the next generation of minimally invasive
Daniela Surico; Sergio Gentilli; Alessandro Vigone; Eleonora Paulli; Livio Leo; Nicola Surico
Background Laparoscopic liver surgery is becoming increasingly common. This cohort study was designed to directly compare perioperative outcomes of the left lateral segmentectomy via laparoscopic and open approach. Methods Between 2002 and 2006 43 left lateral segmentectomies were performed at King's College Hospital. Those excluded from analysis included previous liver resections, polycystic liver disease, liver cirrhosis and synchronous operations. Of 20 patients analysed, laparoscopic (n = 10) were compared with open left lateral segmentectomy (n = 10). Both groups had similar patient characteristics. Results Morbidity rates were similar with no wound or chest infection in either group. The conversion rate was 10% (1/10). There was no difference in operating time between the groups (median time 220 minutes versus 179 minutes, p = 0.315). Surgical margins for all lesions were clear. Less postoperative opiate analgesics were required in the laparoscopic group (median 2 days versus 5 days, p = 0.005). The median postoperative in-hospital stay was less in the laparoscopic group (6 days vs 9 days, p = 0.005). There was no mortality. Conclusion Laparoscopic left lateral segmentectomy is safe and feasible. Laparoscopic patients may benefit from requiring less postoperative opiate analgesia and a shorter post-operative in-hospital stay. PMID:19735573
Carswell, Kirstin A; Sagias, Filippos G; Murgatroyd, Beth; Rela, Mohamed; Heaton, Nigel; Patel, Ameet G
Introduction: Minimally invasive surgery has revolutionized general surgery during the past 10 years. However, for more advanced surgical procedures, the acceptance of the minimally invasive approach has been slower than expected. Advanced laparoscopic surgery is complex and time-consuming. The major drawbacks of laparoscopic surgery are two-dimensional view, lack of depth perception and loss of tactile sensation. This has led to the innovation of hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS). The objective of the present study was to determine that safety of HALS. Materials and Methods: We preformed 18 HALS procedures in our department between July 2003 and January 2005 on patients who had given their informed consent for the use of Gelport. Out of these, 15 were colectomy, 2 nephrectomy and 1 splenectomy. Out of the 18 patients, 13 were males and 5 were females with the age group ranging from 44 to 72 years. Results: Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery could be completed in 17 patients maintaining all the oncological principals of surgery. The mean operating times were 120 min for right haemicolectomy, 135 min for left colectomy, 150 min for splenectomy, and 150 min for nephrectomy. The patient undergoing radical nephrectomy by HALS had to be converted to open surgery. As the tumour was large and adherent to the spleen and posterior peritoneal wall. Postoperative recovery was excellent with an average hospital stay of 5 days. Histopathology report showed wide clearance and till date we have a good follow up of 30–380 days. Conclusion: Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery allows tactile sensation and depth perception thereby may simplify the complex procedures. This may result in reduction of operating time and conversion rates at the same time maintaining all the oncological principles. Hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery strikes a perfect balance between an extended open laparotomy incision and an excessively tedious laparoscopic exercise. Hand assistance is an initial tool for the trainee laparoscopic surgeon or a last resort for the experienced laparoscopic surgeon. PMID:21188007
Gupta, Puneet; Bhartia, V K
Background Benign colonic polyps not amenable to colonoscopic resection or those containing carcinoma require surgical excision. Traditionally,\\u000a formal colectomy with clearance of the lymphatic basin has been performed. The aim of this study was to review our experience\\u000a with the laparoscopic approach for retrieval of colonic polyps with specific emphasis on safety, feasibility, and tumor localization.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods Retrospective chart review of all
Oded Zmora; Barak Benjamin; Avi Reshef; David Neufeld; Danny Rosin; Ehud Klein; Amram Ayalon; Baruch Shpitz
In this report, I would like to explain the latest data from the 7th National Survey 2004, by the Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery (1). Next, I will explain you the comment on laparoscopic gastric cancer operation, in particular. We perform the following 3 surgical procedures. (1) Intragastric method (2) Laparoscopic lesion lifting method (3) Laparoscopic assisted gastric resection Mastery of basic techniques and thorough understanding of topographic anatomy are the most important (2). Furthermore, it is necessary for a surgeon with experience of at least 50 cases of laparoscopic surgery to be involved in surgery as an assistant.
Hiki, Yoshiki; Kitano, Seigo
Background In recent years, advances in laparoscopic techniques have allowed surgeons to treat pancreatic lesions laparoscopically. Insulinoma,\\u000a the most prevalent pancreatic endocrine tumor, is mostly benign and curable with surgical resection. This study aimed to assess\\u000a the results from laparoscopic resection (LG) of insulinomas and to compare them with the results from open surgery (OG).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods From September 1999 to December 2005,
Antonio Sa Cunha; Cedric Beau; Alexandre Rault; Bogdan Catargi; Denis Collet; Bernard Masson