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1

SMALL-SCALE SEED PROVISION IN GHANA: SOCIAL RELATIONS, CONTRACTS AND INSTITUTIONS FOR MICRO-ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large number of small-scale enterprises growing, dealing and marketing seed emerged during the economic reforms of the 1980s in Ghana. The enterprises are dynamic and able to produce and market seed, despite limits on the availability of capital. This paper examines the nature of small-scale maize and cowpea seed enterprises in the two regions of Brong Ahafo and Ashanti

Fergus Lyon; Seth Afikorah-Danquah

1998-01-01

2

Diversity, Social Goods Provision, and Performance in the Firm  

E-print Network

The last decade has seen a growing interest among economists on the effect of diversity on the provision of social goods and the stock of social capital. Indeed, in the workplace, cooperation, trust, and other social goods ...

Ellison, Sara

2010-08-31

3

Impact of Social Determinants on Health Care Provision  

E-print Network

Impact of Social Determinants on Health Care Provision Patty Brown, Es q., Pres ident of J ohns Hopkins Healthcare Linda Dunbar, J HHC Vice Pres ident of Care Management Tak Igus a, As s ociate Director problems. 2 Approach to Session #12;· Patty Brown ­ Mission and Business Imperative for all health care

von der Heydt, Rüdiger

4

The social construction of scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last ten years, scholars in human geography have been paying increasing theoretical and empirical attention to understanding the ways in which the production of scale is implicated in the production of space. Overwhelmingly, this work reflects a social construc- tionist approach, which situates capitalist production (and the role of the state, capital, labor and nonstate political actors) as

Sallie A. Marston

2000-01-01

5

Social Support Provisions as Differential Predictors of Adaptive Outcomes in Young Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social support provisions were examined in relation to negative life events, adaptive skills, hope, and grade point average in a sample of 103 inner-city youth (ages 11-14). Analyses focused on seven support provisions: social integration, attachment, guidance and information, reliable alliance, reassurance of worth, nurturance, and instrumental

Warren, Jared S.; Jackson, Yo; Sifers, Sarah K.

2009-01-01

6

45 CFR 287.105 - What provisions of the Social Security Act govern the NEW Program?  

...provisions of the Social Security Act govern the NEW Program? 287.105 Section 287.105...SERVICES THE NATIVE EMPLOYMENT WORKS (NEW) PROGRAM Program Design and Operations...provisions of the Social Security Act govern the NEW Program? NEW Programs are subject...

2014-10-01

7

The widow(er)'s limit provision of Social Security.  

PubMed

Widow benefits have been a part of the Social Security program since the 1939 amendments to the Social Security Act (widower benefits were added later). For many years, the Social Security law called for paying a widow(er) a fraction of the deceased worker's primary insurance amount (PIA). However, the worker--while alive--may have received the full PIA as his or her retirement benefit. Over time, arguments were made that a widow(er) should be treated as generously as his or her spouse was. The 1972 amendments to the Social Security Act allowed for a widow(er) to receive a full PIA, subject to actuarial reductions if the widow(er) benefit was claimed before the normal retirement age (NRA) and subject to a new provision of the law commonly referred to as the widow(er)'s limit. Generally, the widow(er)'s limit specifies that if a worker received reduced retirement benefits (because the worker claimed benefits before the NRA), then the worker's widow(er) cannot receive a monthly benefit equal to the full PIA. Rather, the widow(er)'s benefit is generally limited to the amount the worker would receive if he or she was still alive. The limit provision appears to be motivated by the overall intent of the 1972 Congress to pay a benefit to a widow(er) that was comparable with what the worker received. A number of changes to the limit provision have been discussed. This article looks at the following options: Abolishing the limit, Raising the limit by requiring that it never be set below the average PIA among all retired-worker beneficiaries. Adjusting the limit for some widow(er)s--that is, only persons who are widowed before the NRA (the ARLA option), Making a simpler adjustment to the limit by abolishing it for persons who are widowed before age 62 (the SARLA option), and A proposal by Robert J. Myers that would make modest adjustments to the limit for cases in which the worker died before the NRA. The most fundamental change--abolishing the limit--would increase benefits for about 2.8 million widow(er)s and would cost about $3.1 billion a year. Most of the additional government expenditures would not go to the poor and the near poor. Another change would be more successful in aiding low-income widow(er)s: requiring that the limit amount never be set below the average PIA among all retired-worker beneficiaries. About 58 percent of the government expenditures from that option would be received by the poor and the near poor. Overall, 1.2 million widow(er)s would be helped, and the cost would be about $816 million a year. Although the limit provision is consistent with the overall intent of the 1972 Congress, it can have effects that may have been unintended and that some policymakers might consider unusual. Persons who delay receipt of Social Security benefits usually receive higher monthly benefit amounts, but a widow(er) who faces a limit cannot increase his or her monthly benefit through delayed receipt of benefits. Thus, many persons who are widowed before the NRA face strong incentives to claim benefits early. That is somewhat unusual because the actuarial adjustments under Social Security are approximately fair, so there are no cost savings to the Social Security program from "forcing" a widow(er) to claim early benefits as opposed to allowing him or her to delay receipt of benefits in exchange for a higher monthly amount. And many widow(er)s would be better off if they could use the Social Security program to, in effect, save (that is, delay receipt of benefits in exchange for a higher amount later). This article analyzes two other options that would provide widow(er)s with additional filing options under Social Security. The ARLA option would ultimately help about 229,000 widow(er)s, and the cost would be small (about $69 million a year). The SARLA option would help about 117,000 widow(er)s, and the cost would be about $41 million a year. Robert J. Myers, a former Chief Actuary of Social Security, has offered a proposal that would provide relief from the widow(er)'s limit in cases in which the worker dies shortl

Weaver, D A

8

Factor structure of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale and the Social Phobia Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the study of social anxiety, it is common to differentiate between social interaction versus performance anxiety. The Social Interaction Anxiety Scale was designed to assess social interaction anxiety, and the Social Phobia Scale to assess fear of scrutiny by others (Mattick and Clarke, 1989). In common use, these scales are typically administered together and treated as subscales of a

Steven A Safren; Cynthia L Turk; Richard G Heimberg

1998-01-01

9

Integration of Health and Social Services Provision Review of Current Practice Drivers & Barriers to Integrated Working  

E-print Network

Services Provision ­ Review of Current Practice Drivers & Barriers to Integrated Working Nuffield Centre' no incentives to change `it won't work here' `it won't work now' sense of momentum - `the time is now' baggageIntegration of Health and Social Services Provision ­ Review of Current Practice Drivers & Barriers

Mottram, Nigel

10

Measuring Belongingness:: The Social Connectedness and the Social Assurance Scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study developed 2 measures of belongingness based on H. Kohut's (1984) self psychology theory. The Social Connectedness Scale and the Social Assurance Scale were constructed with a split-sample procedure on 626 college students. Internal reliability estimates for the 2 scales were .91 and .82, respectively. Test-retest correlations revealed good test stability over a 2-week period (r s = .96

Richard M. Lee; Steven B. Robbins

1995-01-01

11

Scaling up: Assessing social impacts at the macro-scale  

SciTech Connect

Social impacts occur at various scales, from the micro-scale of the individual to the macro-scale of the community. Identifying the macro-scale social changes that results from an impacting event is a common goal of social impact assessment (SIA), but is challenging as multiple factors simultaneously influence social trends at any given time, and there are usually only a small number of cases available for examination. While some methods have been proposed for establishing the contribution of an impacting event to macro-scale social change, they remain relatively untested. This paper critically reviews methods recommended to assess macro-scale social impacts, and proposes and demonstrates a new approach. The 'scaling up' method involves developing a chain of logic linking change at the individual/site scale to the community scale. It enables a more problematised assessment of the likely contribution of an impacting event to macro-scale social change than previous approaches. The use of this approach in a recent study of change in dairy farming in south east Australia is described.

Schirmer, Jacki, E-mail: jacki.schirmer@anu.edu.a

2011-04-15

12

Social Norms and Private Provision of Public Goods  

Microsoft Academic Search

The formation of social norms for voluntary contributions to a public good is analyzed in a game in which people have preferences for private consumption, a public good, and social approval. Each person chooses to be one of the two types: a contributor or a non-contributor. Thereafter, each person meets people who can observe his type. A non-contributor feels disapproval,

Mari Rege

2004-01-01

13

Social Desirability and the Frequency of Social-Reinforcement Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Standards for Educational and Psychological Tests (American Psychological Association, 1977) recommends that the correlation coefficient between any newly developed personality scale and a general measure of the tendency to give socially desirable responses be reported. The frequency of self-reinforcement (FSR) scale developed by Heiby (1983) was found to have a substantial positive correlation with two measures of general tendency

Lynne K. Edwards; Allen L. Edwards; Cheryl L. Clark

1988-01-01

14

College of Humanities and Social Science QUINQUENNIAL REVIEW OF POSTGRADUATE PROVISION IN THE  

E-print Network

1 College of Humanities and Social Science QUINQUENNIAL REVIEW OF POSTGRADUATE PROVISION and administrative potential of the College structure. The panel was impressed by the cohesion of the School and frequently to Colleges as well. The panel stressed throughout the process that recommendations being made

Edinburgh, University of

15

Social-Ecological Transformations of Supply Systems. Analysing Interactions of Provision and Demographic Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every society faces the task of providing its people with basic goods such as water, food or energy. Meeting basic needs and ensuring quality of life, while not deteriorating ecological conditions, provide the normative framework for structures of provision. Therefore, societies have developed specific structures and forms of regulation. Within Social Ecology these structures are conceptual- ised as supply systems,

2007-01-01

16

Supervisor and Supervisee Attachments and Social Provisions Related to the Supervisory Working Alliance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between supervisors' and supervisees' self-reported ability to make healthy adult attachments in relationships, social provisions, and the perceptions of the supervisory working alliance. Data indicated that supervisors' ability to make adult attachments was predictive of both the supervisees' and supervisors' perceptions

White, Victoria E.; Queener, John

2003-01-01

17

Online Therapeutic Social Service Provision (Therap-pc): A State of the Art Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many questions being posed in the fields of social science, psychology, and counseling with regard to provision of mental health services online have led to theoretical discussions of pros and cons of this new method of practice. The most prevalent clinically oriented questions about online intervention include: Can online services be considered therapy or even therapeutic? Can warmth, empathy and

David Helton

2003-01-01

18

Ethnicizing Poverty through Social Security Provision in Rural Hungary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural poverty has become an increasingly ethnicised category for the majority society in contemporary Hungary. The article aims to explore the process and practice of social exclusion and ethnicisation in relation to mutual effects of post-socialist welfare restructuring and changing discourse on poverty in the post-socialist rural reality. The

Schwarcz, Gyongyi

2012-01-01

19

Promoting community based approaches to social infrastructure provision in urban areas in Nigeria.  

PubMed

Inadequate social infrastructure provision--in terms of education, health care facilities, and water and sanitation--has become a critical issue in Nigeria's urban areas. The decline of the Nigerian economy and the introduction of economic structural adjustment have curtailed drastically government spending on these services. Recommended is a return to the regional community-based approaches that prevailed in earlier periods. In precolonial Nigeria, the community help ethic ensured that all societies had adequate social infrastructure. With colonization and the emergence of an urban cash economy, the government took control of service provision in urban areas; in rural areas, neglected by government, self-help efforts continued to flourish. The trend in recent decades has been toward the privatization of urban services, deregulation, and growing inequities between affluent urban dwellers and the urban and rural poor. The recommended localization strategy would involve the creation of regional bodies to provide public utilities and regulate social infrastructure provision. Responsibility for the organization and provision of these services would rest with democratically elected community associations in rural areas and municipal councils in urban areas. The needs of poor communities could be funded by cross-subsidizing utility costs among affluent communities. Such a strategy, although unlikely to be supported by government and urban elites, would revitalize the community responsibility ethos that was lost in the urbanization process. PMID:12289002

Uduku, N O

1994-10-01

20

Development and validation of a social functioning scale, the Social Adaptation Self-evaluation Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Social Adaptation Self-evaluation Scale (SASS) is a 21-item newly developed scale for the evaluation of patient social motivation and behaviour in depression. The scale was submitted to a validation procedure based on the data from a general population survey in 4000 individuals and from two controlled studies comparing the new selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (NARI), reboxetine, with placebo and\\/or

M. Bosc; A. Dubini; V. Polin

1997-01-01

21

Social work and the Uniform Accident and Sickness Policy Provision Law: a pilot project.  

PubMed

The Uniform Accident and Sickness Policy Provision Law (UPPL) is a statute existing in 26 states that permits health insurance companies to deny payment for claims made by individuals who have sustained injuries as a result of drug or alcohol use. This law presents a series of complicated clinical and ethical dilemmas for social workers and other medical personnel. The majority of contributions to the national discussion regarding the UPPL have been produced by the medical, nursing, and policy/legal disciplines. Social work has, however, remained silent. It is paramount that social workers add their perspective and insight to this debate. This article discusses the first survey, to the authors' knowledge, of social workers practicing in health care settings regarding their knowledge and beliefs about the UPPL. PMID:22768627

Cochran, Gerald; Davis, King

2012-01-01

22

The dutch social interaction anxiety scale and the social phobia scale: reliability, validity, and clinical utility.  

PubMed

The social interaction anxiety scale (SIAS) and the social phobia scale (SPS) assess anxiety in social interactions and fear of scrutiny by others. This study examines the psychometric properties of the Dutch versions of the SIAS and SPS using data from a large group of patients with social phobia and a community-based sample. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the SIAS is unidimensional, whereas the SPS is comprised of three subscales. The internal consistency of the scales and subscales was good. The concurrent and discriminant validity was supported and the scales were well able to discriminate between patients and community-based respondents. Cut-off values with excellent sensitivity and specificity are presented. Of all self-report measures included, the SPS was the most sensitive for treatment effects. Normative data are provided which can be used to assess whether clinically significant change has occurred in individual patients. PMID:24701560

de Beurs, Edwin; Tielen, Deirdre; Wollmann, Lisa

2014-01-01

23

The Dutch Social Interaction Anxiety Scale and the Social Phobia Scale: Reliability, Validity, and Clinical Utility  

PubMed Central

The social interaction anxiety scale (SIAS) and the social phobia scale (SPS) assess anxiety in social interactions and fear of scrutiny by others. This study examines the psychometric properties of the Dutch versions of the SIAS and SPS using data from a large group of patients with social phobia and a community-based sample. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the SIAS is unidimensional, whereas the SPS is comprised of three subscales. The internal consistency of the scales and subscales was good. The concurrent and discriminant validity was supported and the scales were well able to discriminate between patients and community-based respondents. Cut-off values with excellent sensitivity and specificity are presented. Of all self-report measures included, the SPS was the most sensitive for treatment effects. Normative data are provided which can be used to assess whether clinically significant change has occurred in individual patients. PMID:24701560

Tielen, Deirdre; Wollmann, Lisa

2014-01-01

24

The expanded social outlook in municipal recreation agency leisure service provision and delivery in the United States  

E-print Network

TI. K EXPANDED SOCIAL OUTLOOK IN MUNICIPAL RECREATION AGENCY LEISURE SERVICE PROVISION AND DELIVERY IN THE UNITED STATES A Thesis by ROBERTA ANN DAY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AGN University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1978 Major Subject: Recreaticn and Resources Development 'IBE EXPANDED SOCIAL OUTIAMK IN MUNICIPAL RECREATION AGENCY LEISURE SERVICE PROVISION AND DELIVERY IN THE UNITED STATES A Thesis ROBERTA ANN...

Day, Roberta Ann

2012-06-07

25

Communities and Hospitals: Social Capital, Community Accountability, and Service Provision in U.S. Community Hospitals  

PubMed Central

Objectives The study related community social capital to the level of community accountability and provision of community-oriented services in U.S. community hospitals. Study Setting The sample included 1,383 community hospitals that participated in the 1997 American Hospital Association's (AHA) Hospital Annual and Governance Surveys. Data Sources (1) The 1997 AHA Annual Hospital Survey, (2) the 1997 AHA Hospital Governance Survey, (3) the DDB Needham Market Facts Survey, (4) the 1996 County Election Data File, and (5) the 1998 Area Resource File. Research Design The study used a mix of longitudinal and cross-sectional data. Key Findings We identified two distinct indicators of social capitalcommunity participation and voting participation. Community accountability in hospitals was unrelated to either indicator. Hospitals' provision of community-oriented health services was negatively associated with community participation but unrelated with voting participation. The interaction between voting participation and community representation on hospital governance was positively associated with community accountability and provision of community-oriented health services. Conclusion Neither community participation nor voting participation was sufficient to influence hospital behavior. The positive finding associated with the interaction between voting participation and community representation on hospital governance underscored the importance of an active political culture in influencing hospital behavior, without which the installation of community representatives on hospital governance might be more symbolic than actually serving the health concerns of community residents. PMID:15333119

Lee, Shoou-Yih D; Chen, Wendy L; Weiner, Bryan J

2004-01-01

26

A social comparison scale: Psychometric properties and relationship to psychopathology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development of a social comparison scale using the semantic differential approach. It also explores the relationship between this social comparison scale and psychopathology. The dimensions of social comparison measured here are derived from evolution theory and focus primarily on judgements of social rank, judgements of relative attractiveness and judgements of group fit. The factor structure of

Steven Allan; Paul Gilbert

1995-01-01

27

The Social Perception Behavior Rating Scale: Initial Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Initial evidence for the reliability and validity of a scale to assess social perception, the Social Perception Behavior Rating Scale (SPBRS), is presented. In addition to a reliability study, three validity studies are reported: (a) a study of difference in group means between mildly handicapped and nonhandicapped children; (b) a study correlating SPBRS scores with three other social behavior scales-the

Larry Maheady; Gregory F. Harper

1986-01-01

28

Social Welfare Functions for Different Subgroup Utility Scales  

E-print Network

Social Welfare Functions for Different Subgroup Utility Scales Anna B. Khmelnitskaya SPb Institute Abstract. This paper characterizes social welfare functions for different scales of individual utility or independent. We show that for combinations of independent subgroup utility scales every corresponding social

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

29

Scaling Social Media Applications into Geo-Distributed Clouds  

E-print Network

Scaling Social Media Applications into Geo-Distributed Clouds Yu Wu, Chuan Wu, Bo Li, Linquan Zhang-distributed cloud is ideal for supporting large-scale social media streaming applications (e.g., YouTube-like sites media application. By exploiting social influences among users, this paper proposes efficient proactive

Li, Zongpeng

30

Social Welfare Orderings for Different Subgroup Utility Scales  

E-print Network

Social Welfare Orderings for Different Subgroup Utility Scales Anna B. Khmelnitskaya SPb Institute-mail: anna@math.huji.ac.il, anna@AK3141.spb.edu) Abstract. This paper characterizes social welfare orderings subgroups scales, every corre- sponding social ordering is fully determined by the opinions of only one

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

31

Time Horizon and Social Scale in Communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2009 our center (CRED) published a first version of The Psychology of Climate Change Communication. In it, we attempted to summarize facts and concepts from psychological research that could help guide communication. While this work focused on climate change, most of the ideas are at least partly applicable for communication about a variety of natural hazards. Of the many examples in this guide, I mention three. Single-action bias is the human tendency to stop considering further actions that might be needed to deal with a given hazard, once a single action has been taken. Another example is the importance of group affiliation in motivating voluntary contributions to joint action. A third concerns the finding that group participation enhances understanding of probabilistic concepts and promotes action in the face of uncertainty. One current research direction, which goes beyond those included in the above publication, focuses on how time horizons arise in the thinking of individuals and groups, and how these time horizons might influence hazard preparedness. On the one hand, individuals sometimes appear impatient, organizations look for immediate results, and officials fail to look beyond the next election cycle. Yet under some laboratory conditions and in some subcultures, a longer time horizon is adopted. We are interested in how time horizon is influenced by group identity and by the very architecture of planning and decision making. Institutional changes, involving long-term contractual relationships among communities, developers, insurers, and governments, could greatly increase resilience in the face of natural hazards. Communication about hazards, in the context of such long-term contractual relationships might look very different from communication that is first initiated by immediate threat. Another new direction concerns the social scale of institutions and of communication about hazards. Traditionally, insurance contracts share risk among a large number of insurees: each contributes a small premium toward a fund that is adequate to cover the large losses that occasionally occur. Participatory processes are needed that extend risk sharing to larger social scales and that reduce adversarial relationships between insurers, insurees, insurance regulators, and governments that intervene or fail to intervene on an ad hoc rather than a contractual basis.

Krantz, D. H.

2010-12-01

32

Provisioning a Multi-Tiered Data Staging Area for Extreme-Scale Machines  

SciTech Connect

Massively parallel scientific applications, running on extreme-scale supercomputers, produce hundreds of terabytes of data per run, driving the need for storage solutions to improve their I/O performance. Traditional parallel file systems (PFS) in high performance computing (HPC) systems are unable to keep up with such high data rates, creating a storage wall. In this work, we present a novel multi-tiered storage architecture comprising hybrid node-local resources to construct a dynamic data staging area for extreme-scale machines. Such a staging ground serves as an impedance matching device between applications and the PFS. Our solution combines diverse resources (e.g., DRAM, SSD) in such a way as to approach the performance of the fastest component technology and the cost of the least expensive one. We have developed an automated provisioning algorithm that aids in meeting the checkpointing performance requirement of HPC applications, by using a least-cost storage configuration. We evaluate our approach using both an implementation on a large scale cluster and a simulation driven by six-years worth of Jaguar supercomputer job-logs, and show that our approach, by choosing an appropriate storage configuration, achieves 41.5% cost savings with only negligible impact on performance.

Prabhakar, Ramya A [ORNL; Vazhkudai, Sudharshan S [ORNL; Kim, Youngjae [ORNL; Butt, Ali R [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Li, Min [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Kandemir, Mahmut [Pennsylvania State University

2011-01-01

33

Social Support Scales: A Methodological Note  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between social support and depression has implications for researchers studying schizophrenia. In this article, the authors attempt to conceptualize social support and assess the reliability and validity of its various measures. They then evaluate the ability of social support, along with stressors, to explain psychiatric symptoms. Representative data from a community survey of adults, ages 17-70, suggest that

Nan Lin; Alfred Dean; Walter M. Ensel

1981-01-01

34

Discriminant validity of the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory (SPAI), the Social Phobia Scale (SPS) and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three measures commonly used in assessment of social phobia, the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory (SPAI [Turner, S. M., Beidel, D. C. & Dancu, C. V. (1996). Social phobia and anxiety inventory: manual. Toronto, Ont.: Multi-Health Systems Inc.), the Social Phobia Scale (SPS [Mattick, R. P. & Clarke, J. C. (1998). Development and validation of measures of social phobia scrutiny

Lorna Peters

2000-01-01

35

The Social Phobia and Social Interaction Anxiety Scales: Evaluation of Psychometric Properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present investigations examined the factor structure and psychometric properties of two new self-report measures of social phobia, the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and the Social Phobia Scale (SPS). A confirmatory factor analysis in Study I provided support for the fit of a two-factor model of the SIAS and SPS. Internal consistency estimates were high for the original two

Augustine Osman; Peter M. Gutierrez; Francisco X. Barrios; Beverly A. Kopper; Christine E. Chiros

1998-01-01

36

The Social Thoughts and Beliefs Scale: A New Inventory for Assessing Cognitions in Social Phobia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development and initial psychometric features of a new inventory to assess cognitions associated with social phobia are described. The Social Thoughts and Beliefs Scale (STABS) is designed to assess cognitions in individuals with social phobia. In the 1st study, an initial pool of 45 items was reduced to 21. In the 2nd study, psychometric features of the scale were examined

Samuel M. Turner; Michael R. Johnson; Deborah C. Beidel; Nancy A. Heiser; R. Bruce Lydiard

2003-01-01

37

Confirmatory factor analysis of the social anxiety scale for children  

Microsoft Academic Search

A confirmatory factor analysis was performed on responses from 436 (234 female, 202 male) primary school students to the La Greca et al. (1988) Social Anxiety Scale for Children (SASC). While loadings for one SASC item were ambiguous, results generally supported the original two-factor (Fear of Negative Evaluation and Social Anxiety and Distress) scale structure. Internal consistencies for the two

Elaine Chapman

38

Validation of the Peer Social Maturity Scale for Assessing Children's Social Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We evaluated the utility of a brief, seven-item, teacher-rated Peer Social Maturity Scale (PSMAT). In Study 1, teachers of 138 Australian children (ranging from 5 to 8?years and 5?months old) in kindergarten and Grades 1 and 2 rated their pupils' social maturity using the PSMAT and their classroom social skills via the Social Skills Rating

Fink, Elian; de Rosnay, Marc; Peterson, Candida; Slaughter, Virginia

2013-01-01

39

PROVISION OF STUDENT LEARNING SUPPORT SERVICES IN A LARGE-SCALE DISTANCE EDUCATION SYSTEM AT UNIVERSITAS TERBUKA, INDONESIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the practice and experience of Universitas Terbuka (UT) in the provision of learning support services for students in a large-scale distance education system. The UT, which has a network of 37 regional offices and participating institutions, has challenges to provide and manage effective learning support system for more than 340,000 students, residing in various locations of Indonesia,

Aminudin ZUHAIRI; Irma ADNAN; Dina THAIB

2007-01-01

40

[A shortened scale for overall, emotional and social loneliness].  

PubMed

Loneliness is an indicator of social well-being and pertains to the feeling of missing an intimate relationship (emotional loneliness) or missing a wider social network (social loneliness). The 11-item De Jong Gierveld scale has proved to be a valid and reliable measuring instrument for overall, emotional and social loneliness, although its length has sometimes rendered it difficult to use the scale in large surveys. In this study, we empirically tested a shortened version of the scale on data from two surveys (N=9448). Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the specification of two latent factors. Congruent validity and the relationship with determinants (partner status, health) proved to be optimal. The 6-item De Jong Gierveld scale is a reliable and valid measuring instrument for overall, emotional and social loneliness, which is suitable for large surveys. PMID:18365511

de Jong Gierveld, J; van Tilburg, T

2008-02-01

41

Natural Resource Management at Four Social Scales: Psychological Type Matters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Understanding organisation at different social scales is crucial to learning how social processes play a role in sustainable natural resource management. Research has neglected the potential role that individual personality plays in decision making in natural resource management. In the past two decades natural resource management across rural Australia has increasingly come under the direct influence of voluntary participatory groups, such as Catchment Management Authorities. The greater complexity of relationships among all stakeholders is a serious management challenge when attempting to align their differing aspirations and values at four social institutional scaleslocal, regional, state and national. This is an exploratory study on the psychological composition of groups of stakeholders at the four social scales in natural resource management in Australia. This article uses the theory of temperaments and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) to investigate the distribution of personality types. The distribution of personality types in decision-making roles in natural resource management was markedly different from the Australian Archive sample. Trends in personality were found across social scales with Stabilizer temperament more common at the local scale and Theorist temperament more common at the national scale. Greater similarity was found at the state and national scales. Two temperaments comprised between 76 and 90% of participants at the local and regional scales, the common temperament type was Stabilizer. The dissimilarity was Improviser (40%) at the local scale and Theorist (29%) at the regional scale. Implications for increasing participation and bridging the gap between community and government are discussed.

Allison, Helen; Hobbs, Richard

2010-03-01

42

The Social Aptitudes Scale: an initial validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundPoor social skills are associated with a range of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders, with deficits being particularly\\u000a marked in autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs). Here, we validate a brief measure of social aptitudes where low scores are designed\\u000a to index a substantially raised risk of ASDs.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a MethodParents of a national community sample of 7,977 British 516year olds completed the Social

Elizabeth B. Liddle; Martin J. Batty; Robert Goodman

2009-01-01

43

The Zimbabwe Crisis and the Provision of Social ServicesHealth and Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, health care in Zimbabwe was provided primarily to cater to colonial administrators and the expatriate, with separate care or second-provision made for Africans. There was no need for legislation to guarantee its provision to the settler community. To address the inequities in health that had existed prior to 1980, at independence, Zimbabwe adopted the concept of Equity in Health

Norman Z. Nyazema

2010-01-01

44

Honeycomb: Visual Analysis of Large Scale Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rise in the use of social network sites allows us to collect large amounts of user reported data on social structures and analysis of this data could provide useful insights for many of the social sciences. This analysis is typically the domain of Social Network Analysis, and visualization of these structures often proves invaluable in understanding them. However, currently available visual analysis tools are not very well suited to handle the massive scale of this network data, and often resolve to displaying small ego networks or heavily abstracted networks. In this paper, we present Honeycomb, a visualization tool that is able to deal with much larger scale data (with millions of connections), which we illustrate by using a large scale corporate social networking site as an example. Additionally, we introduce a new probability based network metric to guide users to potentially interesting or anomalous patterns and discuss lessons learned during design and implementation.

van Ham, Frank; Schulz, Hans-Jrg; Dimicco, Joan M.

45

Studying Social Networks at Scale: Macroscopic Anatomy of the Twitter Social Graph  

E-print Network

Studying Social Networks at Scale: Macroscopic Anatomy of the Twitter Social Graph Maksym Gabielkov ashwin.rao@inria.fr Arnaud Legout Inria Sophia Antipolis, France arnaud.legout@inria.fr ABSTRACT Twitter the Twitter so- cial graph much closer to the social graph supporting real life communications than

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

46

Measuring Social Desirability: Short Forms of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

A practical difficulty with the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (SDS) is its length. Preferring a shorter measure of social desirability, researchers have devised a number of short forms of the SDS. The present study used confirmatory factor analysis to establish the adequacy of these subscales in measuring social desirability. Results showed that (a) of the six short forms of SDS

Donald G. Fischer; Carol Fick

1993-01-01

47

Social Vulnerability Scale for older adults: Validation study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Social Vulnerability Scale (SVS), an informant-report of social vulnerability for older adults, was piloted in a sample of 167 undergraduate students (63 male, 104 female) from the University of Queensland. Participants aged 18 - 53 (M 25.53 years, SD 7.83 years) completed the SVS by rating a relative or friend aged ? 50 years (M 71.65

DONNA M. PINSKER; Valerie Stone; Nancy Pachana; Stephen Greenspan

2006-01-01

48

Synchronised provisioning at the nest: parental coordination over care in a socially monogamous species  

PubMed Central

Bi-parental care is very common in birds, occurring in over 90% of species, and is expected to evolve whenever the benefits of enhanced offspring survival exceed the costs to both parents of providing care. In altricial species, where the nestlings are entirely dependent on the parents for providing food until fledging, reproductive success is related to the capacity of the parents to provision the offspring at the nest. The degree to which parents synchronise their visits to the nest is rarely considered by studies of bi-parental care, and yet may be an important component of parental care, affecting the outcome of the reproductive attempt, and the dynamics of sexual conflict between the parents. Here we studied this aspect of parental care in the long-tailed finch (Poephila acuticauda), a socially monogamous estrildid finch. We monitored parental nest visit rates and the degree of parental visit synchrony, and assessed their effects on reproductive success (e.g., brood size, number of offspring fledged and nestling growth). The frequency of nest visits in a day was low in this species (<1 visit/h), but there was a high level of synchrony by the two partners with 73% of visits made together. There was a correlation between the proportion of visits that were made by the pair together and the size of the brood at hatching, although it was not related to the number of fledglings a pair produced, or the quality of those offspring. We suggest that nest visit synchrony may primarily be driven by the benefit of parents being together whilst foraging away from the nest, or may reduce nest predation by reducing the level of activity around the nest throughout the day. PMID:24432197

van Rooij, Erica P.

2013-01-01

49

Predicting anxious response to a social challenge: the predictive utility of the social interaction anxiety scale and the social phobia scale in a college population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trait anxiety is believed to be a hierarchical construct composed of several lower-order factors (Adv. Behav. Res. Therapy, 15 (1993) 147; J. Anxiety Disorders, 9 (1995) 163). Assessment devices such as the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale, the Social Phobia Scale (SIAS and SPS; Behav. Res. Therapy, 36 (4) (1998) 455), and the Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI; Behav. Res. Therapy, 24

K. L. Gore; M. M. Carter; S. Parker

2002-01-01

50

Direct and Indirect Effects of Religiosity on Valuation of Life through Forgiveness and Social Provisions among Older Incarcerated Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose of the study: Few studies have investigated the influence of religiosity (REL), forgiveness, and social resources on incarcerated individuals' attachment to their lives, or valuation of life (VOL). We tested a model linking REL to VOL through 3 subscales of the Heartland Forgiveness Scale (Self, Others, and Situations) and social

Randall, G. K.; Bishop, Alex J.

2013-01-01

51

New Subscales for the MMPI2 Social Introversion (Si) Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of three new content-homogeneous subscales for the revised Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2) Social Introversion (Si) scale designed to replace the Serkownek (1975) subscales, which were not included in the revised MMPI, is described. The subscales, termed Shyness\\/Self-Consciousness, Social Avoidance, and Self\\/Other Alienation, were developed with data provided by college students (515 men and 797 women). Data analyses

Yossef S. Ben-Porath; Kirsten Hostetler; James N. Butcher; John R. Graham

1989-01-01

52

Teacher and Observer Ratings of Children's Social Skills: Validation of the Social Skills Rating Scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the test-retest and inter-rater reliability and the construct validity of the Social Skills Rating Scales Teacher (SSRS-T) with an elementary school sample. The SSRS-T is an experimental version of a new series of multi-rater, multi-factor scales for rating the frequency and importance of children's social behavior. The results of this study indicated that the SSRS-T has

Stephen N. Elliott; Frank M. Gresham; Terry Freeman; George McCloskey

1988-01-01

53

Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A): Measuring Social Anxiety among Finnish Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to investigate symptoms of social anxiety and the psychometric properties of the "Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents" (SAS-A) among Finnish adolescents, 13-16 years of age. Study 1 (n = 867) examined the distribution of SAS-A scores according to gender and age, and the internal consistency and factor structure of the

Ranta, Klaus; Junttila, Niina; Laakkonen, Eero; Uhmavaara, Anni; La Greca, Annette M.; Niemi, Paivi M.

2012-01-01

54

Screening for social anxiety disorder in the clinical setting: using the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: We sought to determine optimal cutoff values for the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) total and subscale scores for the diagnosis of social anxiety disorder (SAD) and designation of the generalized subtype of SAD. Method: Three hundred and sixty-four patients from a multi-site sample who met criteria for SAD according to structured diagnostic interview, 262 of whom met criteria

Douglas S Mennin; David M Fresco; Richard G Heimberg; Franklin R Schneier; Sharon O Davies; Michael R Liebowitz

2002-01-01

55

Individual Differences in Social Comparison: Development of a Scale of Social Comparison Orientation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development and validation of a measure of individual differences in social comparison orientation (the Iowa-Netherlands Comparison Orientation Measure [INCOM]) are described. Assuming that the tendency toward social comparison is universal, the scale was constructed so as to be appropriate to and comparable in 2 cultures: American and Dutch. It was then administered to several thousand people in each country. Analyses

Frederick X. Gibbons; Bram P. Buunk

1999-01-01

56

Individual differences in social comparison: Development of a scale of social comparison orientation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development and validation of a measure of individual differences in social comparison orientation (the Iowa-Netherlands Comparison Orientation Measure (INCOM)) are described. Assuming that the ten- dency toward social comparison is universal, the scale was constructed so as to be appropriate to and comparable in 2 cultures: American and Dutch. It was then administered to several thousand people in each country.

Frederick X. Gibbons; Bram P. Buunk

1999-01-01

57

College of Humanities and Social Science QUINQUENNIAL REVIEW OF POSTGRADUATE PROVISION IN THE  

E-print Network

, and highly committed. The School offers a vibrant student research environment in an attractive IN THE MORAY HOUSE SCHOOL OF EDUCATION Contents 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 2 2 THE REVIEW STRUCTURE AND PROCESS 2 2 3 3 OVERVIEW OF THE SCHOOL'S POSTGRADUATE PROVISION 4 3.1 Organization 4 3.2 Programmes and Fields

Edinburgh, University of

58

Psychometric Validation of the Youth Social Capital Scale in Greece  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: This article describes the psychometric validation of the Youth Social Capital scale (YSCS) in 16- to 17-year-old students living in rural and urban areas in Crete, Greece. Methods: Sampling was performed among 27 secondary education units of Heraklion Prefecture. The self-reported questionnaire was answered by 692 participants

Koutra, Kleio; Orfanos, Philippos; Roumeliotaki, Theano; Kritsotakis, George; Kokkevi, Anna; Philalithis, Anastasios

2012-01-01

59

Detecting Unexpected Variables in the MMPI-2 Social Introversion Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reexamined the standard scoring structure of the revised Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2) Social Introversion Scale with Rasch measurement using data from 2,600 nonpsychiatric subjects from the restandardization sample. Discusses how to use Rasch measurement to understand and improve personality measurement. (SLD)

Chang, Chih-Hung; Wright, Benjamin D.

2001-01-01

60

Development and Examination of the Social Appearance Anxiety Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (SAAS) was created to measure anxiety about being negatively evaluated by others because of one's overall appearance, including body shape. This study examined the psychometric properties of the SAAS in three large samples of undergraduate students (respective ns = 512, 853, and 541). The SAAS demonstrated a unifactorial structure with high test-retest reliability and internal

Trevor A. Hart; David B. Flora; Sarah A. Palyo; David M. Fresco; Christian Holle; Richard G. Heimberg

2008-01-01

61

On the Dimensionality of the California Psychological Inventory Socialization Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tested the California Psychological Inventory Socialization scale's dimensionality on three groups of male and female, criminal or noncriminal subjects. The fit of a one-factor model for all three groups was tested in a simultaneous factor analysis for several populations, and good fit was obtained. (Author)

Rosen, Anne-Sofie

1977-01-01

62

An assessment of the dimensionality of moos' social climate scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

A revised form of the Social Climate Scale (SCS) containing nine of the 14 subscales was given to 145 staff and 143 boys at a state training school for delinquents. A first principal factor was extracted from the item-correlation matrices for staff and boys, respectively. This factor was named Value, because of its representation of an evaluative item dimension. A

Leland Wilkinson

1973-01-01

63

Development and Examination of the Social Appearance Anxiety Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (SAAS) was created to measure anxiety about being negatively evaluated by others because of one's overall appearance, including body shape. This study examined the psychometric properties of the SAAS in three large samples of undergraduate students (respective ns = 512, 853, and 541). The SAAS demonstrated a

Hart, Trevor A.; Flora, David B.; Palyo, Sarah A.; Fresco, David M.; Holle, Christian; Heimberg, Richard G.

2008-01-01

64

The Social Perception Behavior Rating Scale: Initial Evidence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies of the reliability, normative data, construct validity, and concurrent validity of the Social Perception Behavior Rating Scale used with mildly learning-disabled, behavior-disordered, and nondisabled children indicated adequate reliability, marked differences in scores of handicapped and nonhandicapped children, and a logical pattern of

Maheady, Larry; Harper, Gregory F.

1986-01-01

65

Emergence, Evolution and Scaling of Online Social Networks  

PubMed Central

Online social networks have become increasingly ubiquitous and understanding their structural, dynamical, and scaling properties not only is of fundamental interest but also has a broad range of applications. Such networks can be extremely dynamic, generated almost instantaneously by, for example, breaking-news items. We investigate a common class of online social networks, the user-user retweeting networks, by analyzing the empirical data collected from Sina Weibo (a massive twitter-like microblogging social network in China) with respect to the topic of the 2011 Japan earthquake. We uncover a number of algebraic scaling relations governing the growth and structure of the network and develop a probabilistic model that captures the basic dynamical features of the system. The model is capable of reproducing all the empirical results. Our analysis not only reveals the basic mechanisms underlying the dynamics of the retweeting networks, but also provides general insights into the control of information spreading on such networks. PMID:25380140

Wang, Le-Zhi; Huang, Zi-Gang; Rong, Zhi-Hai; Wang, Xiao-Fan; Lai, Ying-Cheng

2014-01-01

66

Behavioural analysis of solitary versus socially housed snow leopards ( Panthera uncia), with the provision of simulated social contact  

Microsoft Academic Search

Activity budgets of 18 captive snow leopards were analyzed in order to assess the behaviour of cats housed singly versus those housed socially. Six solitary snow leopards and 12 socially housed snow leopards were compared. Pacing and activity level were used as indicators of the potential welfare states of cats under these two conditions. Solitary snow leopards were observed to

Alaina M. Macri; Emily Patterson-Kane

2011-01-01

67

An Examination of the MASC Social Anxiety Scale in a Non-referred sample of Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Social phobia is prevalent during adolescence and is associated with negative outcomes. Two self-report instruments are empirically-validated to specifically assess social phobia symptomatology in youth: the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory for Children and the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents. The Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children is a broad-band measure of anxiety containing a scale assessing the social phobia construct. The present study investigated the MASC Social Anxiety Scale in relation to other well-established measures of social phobia and depression in a non-referred sample of adolescents. Results support the convergent validity of the MASC Social Anxiety Scale and provide some support for its discriminant validity, suggesting its utility in the initial assessment of social phobia. Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROCs) calculated the sensitivity and specificity of the MASC Social Anxiety Scale. Binary logistic regression analyses determined the predictive utility of the MASC Social Anxiety Scale. Implications for assessment are discussed. PMID:19643571

Anderson, Emily R.; Jordan, Judith A.; Smith, Ashley J.; Inderbitzen-Nolan, Heidi M.

2009-01-01

68

Integrating Socially Constructed Scale into Theories of Institutional Change: Towards the Analysis of Institutional Re-Scaling of Social Ecological Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The explorative paper in hand looks at the re-configuration of social-ecological systems. It is to provide ideas for the evaluation and explanation of the role of spatial scale in changing social ecological configurations and the processes and factors that socially construct spatial scales of jurisdictions. When we talk about institutional re- scaling of social-ecological systems we mean institutional change along

Andreas Thiel

69

Psychometric analysis of the Chinese version of Social Adaptation Self-evaluation Scale (C-SASS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are only a very limited number of scales available to measure social motivation in Chinese. Studying social motivation might help researchers to understand more of the relationship between social skills and depression. An English version of the Social Adaptation Self-evaluation Scale (SASS) is a valid measure of social motivation. A Chinese translated version of the SASS was validated in

Wai S. Tse; Alyson J. Bond

2007-01-01

70

Integrating social networks and human social motives to achieve social influence at scale  

PubMed Central

The innovations of science often point to ideas and behaviors that must spread and take root in communities to have impact. Ideas, practices, and behaviors need to go from accepted truths on the part of a few scientists to commonplace beliefs and norms in the minds of the many. Moving from scientific discoveries to public good requires social influence. We introduce a structured influence process (SIP) framework to explain how social networks (i.e., the structure of social influence) and human social motives (i.e., the process of social influence wherein one persons attitudes and behaviors affect anothers) are used collectively to enact social influence within a community. The SIP framework advances the science of scientific communication by positing social influence events that consider both the who and the how of social influence. This framework synthesizes core ideas from two bodies of research on social influence. The first is network research on social influence structures, which identifies who are the opinion leaders and who among their network of peers shapes their attitudes and behaviors. The second is research on social influence processes in psychology, which explores how human social motives such as the need for accuracy or the need for affiliation stimulate behavior change. We illustrate the practical implications of the SIP framework by applying it to the case of reducing neonatal mortality in India. PMID:25225373

Contractor, Noshir S.; DeChurch, Leslie A.

2014-01-01

71

Social outcomes of early childbearing: important considerations for the provision of clinical care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional understanding of adolescent childbearing includes a belief that the social and economic consequences for both mother and child are almost universally negative. Recent research, however, reveals that the outcomes resulting from the birth of children to young mothers are diverse and complex. Social circumstances contributing to adolescent pregnancy and parenting, such as poverty, poor educational opportunity, and violence, are

Kathryn Bondy Fessler

2003-01-01

72

Scaling social media applications into geo-distributed clouds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Federation of geo-distributed cloud services is a trend in cloud computing which, by spanning multiple data centers at different geographical locations, can provide a cloud platform with much larger capacities. Such a geo-distributed cloud is ideal for supporting large-scale social media streaming applications (e.g., YouTube-like sites) with dynamic contents and demands, owing to its abundant on-demand storage\\/bandwidth capacities and geographical

Yu Wu; Chuan Wu; Bo Li; Linquan Zhang; Zongpeng Li; Francis C. M. Lau

2012-01-01

73

[Spanish adaptation of a perceived Social Support Scale in sportspeople].  

PubMed

Social support is a variable that has a great influence in the sport context. In fact, this variable not only affects the athlete's performance but it has also shown to be related to psychological disorders such as Burnout Syndrome. The aim of this paper was to illustrate the Spanish adaptation of a social support scale in the sport context. The normative group who took part in the final version of the research was composed of 397 athletes aged between 13 and 64 years old (mean= 19.23 and standard deviation= 6.67). The scale shows: adequate factorial and construct validity, acceptable fit indexes (Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin= 0.785, Root Mean Square Residual= 0.078; Kelly's criterion= 0.075), a negative correlation with the dimensions of burnout and no relationship with respect to self-esteem. In addition, it also shows high reliability (a= 0.88). Furthermore, statistically significant differences have been found in relation to genders - where women require greater social support. In contrast, males tend to display a lower level of social support with team players and international athletes. Moreover, differential item functioning (DIF) was carried out to explore sex bias, however, none of the items exhibit DIF problems. PMID:22748742

Pedrosa, Ignacio; Garca-Cueto, Eduardo; Surez-lvarez, Javier; Prez Snchez, Blanca

2012-01-01

74

An Innovative Model for the Provision of Practice Learning Opportunities in Family and Child Care: Newry Student Unit, Southern Health and Social Care Trust  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the work of Newry Student Unit, which operates in the Southern Health and Social Care Trust. The background to the unit is outlined and its development is discussed in the context of practice learning provision in Northern Ireland. The operation of the unit in providing Family and Child Care practice learning opportunities

Canavan, Marion; Hayes, David

2009-01-01

75

Access to Social Services: The Changing Urban Geography of Poverty and Service Provision  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Access to social services, especially for the poor, continues to concern numerous public policy scholars and practitioners. This recent 19-page report from the Brookings Institution (authored by Scott Allard, a professor at Brown University) takes a closer look at this phenomenon by looking at the metropolitan areas of Chicago, Los Angeles, and Washington, DC. Released in August 2004, the report notes that, on average, poor populations in urban centers have greater spatial access to social services than poor populations living in suburban areas. The report contains a number of additional findings, including the not-so surprising observation that the location of social service providers does not always match well to the changing demographics of cities. Allard concludes the work by noting that "We should pay closer attention to how spatial trends in employment, population, and support services converge to shape demand and needs of low-income populations in our metropolitan areas."

76

[A social backing program and motivation provision in patients with tuberculosis].  

PubMed

The purpose of the study was to obtain information on tuberculosis patients' needs, perception, and expectations from health care as a whole and social backing in order to improve the implementation of a program for enhancing tuberculosis patients' motivation for recovery and treatment. Anonymous voluntary questioning using the standard questionnaire was carried out among new tuberculosis cases registered to be treated in 4 subjects of the Russian Federation (the Oryol, Vladimir, and Belgorod Regions, and the Republic of Mariy-El). Eighty-seven patients who had stopped being treated before the appointed time and 1302 patients who were receiving chemotherapy at the time of questioning were interviewed using the questionnaire. The main reasons for treatment discontinuance in those who stopped treatment before the appointed time were the necessity of earning their living (30%), alcohol consumption (30%), inadequate health education of the patients who considered themselves to be healthy (25%). Most patients (67%) preferred rewards as social backing, products/hot food (41%), and fare (32%). Among the proposed social backing schemes, the most popular ones were those that envisaged small daily rewards (23%) or a large final bonus (21%). The majority (67%) of patients preferred outpatient treatment. Thus, patients with tuberculosis face a great deal of problems that affect their motivation for treatment. To satisfy some of these problems is not the direct duties of an antituberculosis service due to the fact that the manning table lacks appropriate posts and an item of expenses. Therefore additional funds should be allocated from the budgets of a subject of the Russian Federation and/or municipal entities for adequate organization of social backing of patients with tuberculosis to enhance the efficiency of their treatment. Collaboration of antituberculosis services of the Russian Federation's subjects with social organizations and an addiction service along the availability of psychological and legal consultations to patients is the most optimum variant of social backing organization to improve the patients' motivation for treatment. PMID:19459239

Iakuboviak, V; Bogorodskaia, E M; Borisov, S E; Danilova, I D; Lomakina, O B; Kurbatova, E V

2009-01-01

77

A new rating scale for negative symptoms: the Motor-Affective-Social Scale.  

PubMed

The commonly used rating scales for negative symptoms in schizophrenia have shown good reliability, but disagreement persists regarding both the content definition and the validity of several items. Instead, authors have recommended rating the specific behaviors that are defined as negative symptoms. To surmount these shortcomings, we developed a new rating scale for negative symptoms: the Motor-Affective-Social Scale (MASS). During a 5-minute structured interview, hand coverbal gestures, spontaneous smiles, voluntary smiling, and questions asked by the interviewer were counted and rated on 101 inpatients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Information on social behavior was obtained from nursing staff. The scale consisted of a total of eight items. The MASS showed high internal consistency (Cronbach alpha coefficient=0.81), inter-rater reliability, and test-retest reliability (intra-class correlation coefficient=0.81). Convergent validity analyses showed high correlations between MASS scores and scores on the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptom (SANS), and the negative symptoms subscale of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). The MASS showed excellent psychometric properties, practicality, and subject tolerability. Future research that includes the use of the MASS with other patient populations and that investigates the scale's sensitivity during clinical trials should be performed. PMID:18722021

Trmeau, Fabien; Goggin, Michelle; Antonius, Daniel; Czobor, Pl; Hill, Vera; Citrome, Leslie

2008-09-30

78

Social Norms and Private Provision of Public Goods: Endogenous Peer Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

The formation of peer groups with social norms for private contributions to a public good is analyzed in an n-player two stage game. First people choose a peer group, then they choose whether to contribute. The first choice is made through a learning process represented by evolutionary dynamics, while the second choice is made by utility maximization. The game has

Mari Rege

1999-01-01

79

22 CFR 96.49 - Provision of medical and social information in incoming cases.  

...Information about all of the child's past and current placements prior to adoption, including, but not limited to any social work or court reports on the child and any information on who assumed custody and provided care for the child; and...

2014-04-01

80

22 CFR 96.49 - Provision of medical and social information in incoming cases.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Information about all of the child's past and current placements prior to adoption, including, but not limited to any social work or court reports on the child and any information on who assumed custody and provided care for the child; and...

2013-04-01

81

22 CFR 96.49 - Provision of medical and social information in incoming cases.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Information about all of the child's past and current placements prior to adoption, including, but not limited to any social work or court reports on the child and any information on who assumed custody and provided care for the child; and...

2012-04-01

82

22 CFR 96.49 - Provision of medical and social information in incoming cases.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Information about all of the child's past and current placements prior to adoption, including, but not limited to any social work or court reports on the child and any information on who assumed custody and provided care for the child; and...

2010-04-01

83

22 CFR 96.49 - Provision of medical and social information in incoming cases.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Information about all of the child's past and current placements prior to adoption, including, but not limited to any social work or court reports on the child and any information on who assumed custody and provided care for the child; and...

2011-04-01

84

Social desirability in the MMPI and Welsh's factor scales A and R  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between endorsement frequency and social desirability and its effect on rational social desirability scales were examined in a college population given a short-form MMPI. Correlations were made of social desirability indices with selected MMPI scales and studies of response bias and social desirability. 19 refs.

Jerry S. Wiggins; Clark Rumrill

1959-01-01

85

Psychometric Properties of the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory, the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents, the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale, and the Social Avoidance and Distress Scale in an Adolescent Spanish-Speaking Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship among several social anxiety measures and a semistructured interview in an adolescent Spanish-speaking sample is examined. Construct validity and test-retest reliability were tested. A principal axis factor analysis was also explored. Results revealed good construct validity and alpha coefficients for the assessment instruments such as the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory (SPAI), the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents

LuisJoaqun Garca-Lpez; Jos Olivares; MaraDolores Hidalgo; Deborah C. Beidel; Samuel M. Turner

2001-01-01

86

Measuring Large-Scale Social Networks with High Resolution  

PubMed Central

This paper describes the deployment of a large-scale study designed to measure human interactions across a variety of communication channels, with high temporal resolution and spanning multiple yearsthe Copenhagen Networks Study. Specifically, we collect data on face-to-face interactions, telecommunication, social networks, location, and background information (personality, demographics, health, politics) for a densely connected population of 1 000 individuals, using state-of-the-art smartphones as social sensors. Here we provide an overview of the related work and describe the motivation and research agenda driving the study. Additionally, the paper details the data-types measured, and the technical infrastructure in terms of both backend and phone software, as well as an outline of the deployment procedures. We document the participant privacy procedures and their underlying principles. The paper is concluded with early results from data analysis, illustrating the importance of multi-channel high-resolution approach to data collection. PMID:24770359

Stopczynski, Arkadiusz; Sekara, Vedran; Sapiezynski, Piotr; Cuttone, Andrea; Madsen, Mette My; Larsen, Jakob Eg; Lehmann, Sune

2014-01-01

87

The provision of online public goods: Examining social structure in an electronic network of practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic networks of practice are computer-mediated social spaces where individuals working on similar problems self-organize to help each other and share knowledge, advice, and perspectives about their occupational practice or common interests. These interactions occur through message postings to produce an on-line public good of knowledge, where all participants in the network can then access this knowledge, regardless of their

Molly Mclure Wasko; Robin Teigland; Samer Faraj

2009-01-01

88

Online Job Provisioning for Large Scale Science Experiments over an Optical Grid Infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many emerging science experiments require that the massive data generated by big instruments be accessible and analyzed by a large number of geographically dispersed users. Such large scale science experiments are enabled by an optical grid infrastructure which integrates grid software with a WDM network. This paper studies the following problem in an optical grid environment: given an online job

Xiang Yu; Chunming Qiao; Dantong Yu

2009-01-01

89

The impact of direct provision accommodation for asylum seekers on organisation and delivery of local primary care and social care services: A case study  

PubMed Central

Background Many western countries have policies of dispersal and direct provision accommodation (state-funded accommodation in an institutional centre) for asylum seekers. Most research focuses on its effect on the asylum seeking population. Little is known about the impact of direct provision accommodation on organisation and delivery of local primary care and social care services in the community. The aim of this research is to explore this issue. Methods In 2005 a direct provision accommodation centre was opened in a rural area in Ireland. A retrospective qualitative case study was designed comprising in-depth interviews with 37 relevant stakeholders. Thematic analysis following the principles of framework analysis was applied. Results There was lack of advance notification to primary care and social care professionals and the community about the new accommodation centre. This caused anxiety and stress among relevant stakeholders. There was insufficient time to plan and prepare appropriate primary care and social care for the residents, causing a significant strain on service delivery. There was lack of clarity about how primary care and social care needs of the incoming residents were to be addressed. Interdisciplinary support systems developed informally between healthcare professionals. This ensured that residents of the accommodation centre were appropriately cared for. Conclusions Direct provision accommodation impacts on the organisation and delivery of local primary care and social care services. There needs to be sufficient advance notification and inter-agency, inter-professional dialogue to manage this. Primary care and social care professionals working with asylum seekers should have access to training to enhance their skills for working in cross-cultural consultations. PMID:21575159

2011-01-01

90

Assessing social support among South Asians: the multidimensional scale of perceived social support.  

PubMed

The psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) of the Urdu (MSPSS-U) and Nepali (MSPSS-N) versions were investigated among Pakistani (n=148) and Nepalese (n=153) respondents living in Hong Kong. The factor analysis of the MSPSS-N conducted in this study confirmed the three factors of the original MSPSS, namely, Family, Friend, and Significant Others, while only two factors were extracted from the MSPSS-U (i.e., the Family and Friends subscales). With regard to construct validity, both the MSPSS-U and MSPSS-N were inversely correlated with depression, anxiety and stress as assessed by the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21). The internal reliability and construct validity of the MSPSS-U and MSPSS-N were also established and provided support for the validity of both versions as tools for measuring perceived social support among South Asian migrants. PMID:22813661

Tonsing, Kareen; Zimet, Gregory D; Tse, Samson

2012-06-01

91

Development and validation of the Two-Dimensional Social Interaction Scale (2DSIS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Two-Dimensional Social Interaction Scale (2DSIS) is a newly developed 20-item observer rating scale to assess four distinct categories of social interaction: active participate; active non-participate; passive participate; and passive non-participate. The scale was submitted to a validation procedure based on video recording of 59 dyadic social interactions between a confederate enacting one of the four types of social behaviours

Wai S Tse; Alyson J Bond

2001-01-01

92

Work allocations governed by social profiles for large scale heterogeneous infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines research in to resource allocation using software agents where allocations are influenced by social and economic backgrounds. Furthermore, it explores developing existing software agents to provision a multiple-agent system (MAS) where each agent is described and created based on a single text file and where the addition, reconfiguration and removal of agents is possible. Several heterogeneous computer

Peter Lavin; Brian Coglhan

2011-01-01

93

Can Autism Spectrum Disorders and Social Anxiety Disorders Be Differentiated by the Social Responsiveness Scale in Children and Adolescents?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as well as social phobia (SP), and selective mutism (SM) are characterised by impaired social interaction. We assessed the validity of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) to differentiate between ASD, and SP/SM. Raw scores were compared in 6-18year old individuals with ASD (N=60), SP (N=38), SM (N=43), and

Cholemkery, Hannah; Mojica, Laura; Rohrmann, Sonja; Gensthaler, Angelika; Freitag, Christine M.

2014-01-01

94

The Social and Personal Identities Scale: A Measure of the Differential Importance Ascribed to Social and Personal Self-Categorizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new measure sensitive to differences in the importance that people ascribe to their social (group) and personal identities is described. The Social and Personal Identities (SIPI) scale distinguishes between the interpersonal level of self which differentiates the individual as unique from others, and the social identity level of self whereby the individual is identified by his or her group

Michelle R Nario-Redmond; Monica Biernat; Scott Eidelman; Debra J Palenske

2004-01-01

95

Assessing Adolescent Social Competence Using the Social Responsiveness Scale: Should We Ask Both Parents or Will Just One Do?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a paucity of instruments designed to measure social competence of adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. The Social Responsiveness Scale is one of a few that can be used. This study compared differences between mother and father reports of social competence of adolescents. Data were collected from parents of 50 adolescents with and

Pearl, Amanda M.; Murray, Michael J.; Smith, Laura A.; Arnold, Mariah

2013-01-01

96

Social Skills Assessment: A Comparative Evaluation of Six Published Rating Scales.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews four norm-referenced instruments used to assess preschool and school-aged children. The Social Skills Rating System was found to be the most comprehensive; the School Social Behavior Scales and the Walker-McConnell Scale of Social Competence are useful for more limited school scope. (Author/JDM)

Demaray, Michelle K.; Ruffalo, Stacey L.; Carlson, John; Busse, R. T.; Olson, Amy E.; McManus, Susan M.; Leventhal, Amy

1995-01-01

97

Equity in access to health care provision under the medicare security for small scale entrepreneurs in Dar es Salaam.  

PubMed

The main objective of this study was to assess equity in access to health care provision under the Medicare Security for Small Scale Entrepreneurs (SSE). Methodological triangulation was used to an exploratory and randomized cross- sectional study in order to supplement information on the topic under investigation. Questionnaires were administered to 281 respondents and 6 Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) were held with males and females. Documentary review was also used. For quantitative aspect of the study, significant associations were measured using confidence intervals (95% CI) testing. Qualitative data were analyzed with assistance of Open code software. The results show that inequalities in access to health care services were found in respect to affordability of medical care costs, distance from home to health facilities, availability of drugs as well as medical equipments and supplies. As the result of existing inequalities some of clients were not satisfied with the provided health services. The study concludes by drawing policy and research implications of the findings. PMID:23120940

Urassa, J A E

2012-03-01

98

RESNA Wheelchair Service Provision Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the Wheelchair Service Provision Guide is to provide an appropriate framework for identifying the essential steps in the provision of a wheelchair. It is designed for use by all participants in the provision process including consumers, family members, caregivers, social service and health care professionals, suppliers,

Arledge, Stan; Armstrong, William; Babinec, Mike; Dicianno, Brad E.; Digiovine, Carmen; Dyson-Hudson, Trevor; Pederson, Jessica; Piriano, Julie; Plummer, Teresa; Rosen, Lauren; Schmeler, Mark; Shea, Mary; Stogner, Jody

2011-01-01

99

The little engine(s) that could: scaling online social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The difficulty of scaling Online Social Networks (OSNs) has introduced new system design challenges that has often caused costly re-architecting for services like Twitter and Facebook. The complexity of interconnection of users in social networks has introduced new scalability challenges. Conventional vertical scaling by resorting to full replication can be a costly proposition. Horizontal scaling by partitioning and distributing data

Josep M. Pujol; Vijay Erramilli; Georgos Siganos; Xiaoyuan Yang; Nikos Laoutaris; Parminder Chhabra; Pablo Rodriguez

2010-01-01

100

Quality of life assessment in MND: development of a Social Withdrawal Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

A scale to measure social withdrawal, was developed specifically for use with MND patients. Scale design was based upon patient-focused interviews which were used to explore patients concerns. The impact the condition had upon their social interactions with others was salient for all patients and affected their overall quality of life. Using issues raised by patients, a 23-item scale was

S. A. Rigby; E. W. Thornton; S. Tedman; F. Burchardt; C. A. Young; C. Dougan

1999-01-01

101

Relationship between probability of item endorsement and Social Desirability scale value for high and low groups on Edwards' SD scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SD scale and a set of 150 items from the EPPS were administered to 237 college students. Ss were divided into 3 groups on the basis of their scores on the SD scale. For each group the regression line of probability of endorsement on social desirability scale values of the EPPS items was obtained. The form of the regression

A. L. Edwards; J. N. Walker

1962-01-01

102

Fat provisioning in winter impairs egg production during the following spring: a landscape-scale study of blue tits.  

PubMed

1. Provisioning of garden birds is a growing phenomenon, particularly during winter, but there is little empirical evidence of its true ecological impacts. One possibility is that winter provisioning could enhance subsequent breeding performance, but this seems likely to depend on the types of nutrients provided. For example, whereas effects of macronutrients such as fat are unlikely to be carried over to influence breeding in small passerines, micronutrients such as dietary vitamin E (an antioxidant) may be stored or have lasting health benefits. 2. Here, we examine the carry-over effects of winter food supplements on egg production in wild populations of blue tits (Cyanistes caeruleus). Over three consecutive years, birds were provisioned with fat, fat plus vitamin E or remained unfed (controls). 3. The provision of fat in winter resulted in smaller relative yolk mass in larger eggs and reduced yolk carotenoid concentrations in early breeders. However, these effects were not seen in birds provisioned with fat plus vitamin E. Lay date, clutch size, egg mass and yolk vitamin E concentrations were not significantly affected by winter provisioning treatment. 4. Our results indicate that winter provisioning can have important downstream consequences, in particular affecting investment in egg production several weeks or months later. 5. Provisioning is widely applied to support garden bird populations and for the conservation management of endangered species. However, our results challenge the assumption that such practices are always beneficial at the population level and emphasize how the ecological impacts can depend on the specific nutritional profile of provisioned foods. PMID:23383593

Plummer, Kate E; Bearhop, Stuart; Leech, David I; Chamberlain, Dan E; Blount, Jonathan D

2013-05-01

103

The social phobia and social interaction anxiety scales: An exploration of the dimensions of social anxiety and sex differences in structure and relations with pathology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to provide information on the Social Phobia Scale (SPS) and Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) of Mattick and Clarke (1989) with respect to factor structure, relations with psychopathology, and sex differences. A sample of 200 university students completed the SPS and SIAS and various measures of anxiety symptoms and depression. The results from the factor analyses for

A. Marie Habke; Paul L. Hewitt; G. Ron Norton; G. Asmundson

1997-01-01

104

The Social Commitment of Brazilian Managers: The Concept, a Scale, and an Empirical Study of Corporate Social Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to analyze the attitudes of Brazilian managers toward Corporate Social Responsibility, defined as their willingness to simultaneously meet the economic, legal, and ethical commitments that bind business companies to society. A Managers' Social Commitment Index (SCI) is proposed and a new scale is presented and confirmed as a reliable research instrument in a field

Filipe Almeida; Filipe Sobral

2010-01-01

105

A Reliability Generalization Study of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

A reliability generalization (RG) study was conducted for the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (MCSDS). The MCSDS is the most commonly used tool designed to assess social desirability bias (SDB). Several short forms, consisting of items from the original 33-item version, are in use by researchers investigating the potential for SDB in responses to other scales. These forms have been used

S. Natasha Beretvas; Jason L. Meyers; Walter L. Leite

2002-01-01

106

Test Review: "Social Responsiveness Scale" by J. N. Constantino and C. P. Gruber  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Published by Western Psychological Services, the "Social Responsiveness Scale" (SRS; Constantino & Gruber, 2005) was designed to assess abilities and deficits in social reciprocity. In particular, it was designed to assess subthreshold levels and severity of social impairment, a key marker of pervasive developmental disorders. The SRS may be

Booker, Kimberly Wilson; Starling, LaRonda

2011-01-01

107

The perceived role of ethics and social responsibility: A scale development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marketers must first perceive ethics and social responsibility to be important before their behaviors are likely to become more ethical and reflect greater social responsibility. However, little research has been conducted concerning marketers' perceptions regarding the importance of ethics and social responsibility as components of business decisions. The purpose of this study is to develop a reliable and valid scale

Anusorn Singhapakdi; Scott J. Vitell; Kumar C. Rallapalli; Kenneth L. Kraft

1996-01-01

108

Relation of social competence to scores on two scales of psychosis proneness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Predicted that college students who were high on physical anhedonia and perceptual aberration would have poor social competence. The prediction followed from clinical reports that these characteristics are found in psychosis-prone individuals, a group also described as having poor social competence. Anhedonia and perceptual aberration were measured by the truefalse scales of L. J. Chapman et al (1976), and social

Mark C. Haberman; Loren J. Chapman; Janet S. Numbers; Richard M. McFall

1979-01-01

109

Psychometric Evaluation of the Fear of Positive Evaluation Scale in Patients With Social Anxiety Disorder  

E-print Network

Psychometric Evaluation of the Fear of Positive Evaluation Scale in Patients With Social Anxiety of positive evaluation, a proposed cognitive component of social anxiety. Although previous findings the psychometric profile of the FPES in a sample of patients with social anxiety disorder (T. A. Fergus et al

Gross, James J.

110

Human Rights Engagement and Exposure: New Scales to Challenge Social Work Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: Advancing human rights is a core competency of U.S. social work education; yet, human rights attitudes and behaviors have never been measured in the social work literature. Thus, this article describes the development and initial validation of two scales, Human Rights Engagement in Social Work (HRESW) and Human Rights Exposure in

McPherson, Jane; Abell, Neil

2012-01-01

111

Development of the Preschool Developmental Assessment Scale (PDAS) on Children's Social Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aimed to describe the design and development of the social domain of the Preschool Developmental Assessment Scale (PDAS), which would be used for assessment of preschool children with different developmental disabilities. The original version of the social domain consisted of 30 items. Children were asked questions about their social

Leung, Cynthia; Cheung, Jasmine; Lau, Vanessa; Lam, Catherine

2011-01-01

112

Reliability and validity of the parent form of the social competence scale in Chinese preschoolers.  

PubMed

The Parent Form of the Social Competence Scale (SCS-PF) was translated into Chinese and validated in a sample of Chinese preschool children (N = 443). Results confirmed a single dimension and high internal consistency in the SCS-PF. Mothers' ratings on the SCS-PF correlated moderately with teachers' ratings on the Teacher Form of the Social Competence Scale and weakly with teachers' ratings on the Student-Teacher Relationship Scale. PMID:23045868

Zhang, Xiao; Ke, Xue; Wang, Xiaoyan

2012-08-01

113

Community detection in large-scale social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent years have seen that WWW is becoming a flourishing social media which enables individuals to easily share opinions, experiences and expertise at the push of a single button. With the pervasive usage of instant messaging systems and the fundamental shift in the ease of publishing content, social network researchers and graph theory researchers are now concerned with inferring community

Nan Du; Bin Wu; Xin Pei; Bai Wang; Liutong Xu

2007-01-01

114

Measurement of Newcomer Socialization: Construct Validation of a Multidimensional Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three groups of subject-matter experts reviewed the content validity of the Newcomer Socialization Questionnaire. Its psychometric properties were supported in a study of 492 employed students; the study was replicated with 320 newly hired workers. Socialization dimensions were positively correlated with job satisfaction and organizational

Haueter, Jill A.; Macan, Therese Hoff; Winter, Joel

2003-01-01

115

Provision in Further Education Colleges for 14- to 16-Year-Olds with Social, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research set out to identify and examine practice and provision for young people exhibiting behaviour problems who may have been placed in colleges of further education for a variety of reasons. In this paper, Natasha Macnab, John Visser and Harry Daniels explore some of the implications faced by college staff and examine some of the key

Macnab, Natasha; Visser, John; Daniels, Harry

2008-01-01

116

[Social capital in rural areas: adaptation to Spanish and factor validation of a scale].  

PubMed

Social capital is considered a structural determinant of social development and wellbeing. Its cognitive component assesses the degree of confidence of the population in their systems for social organization, as well as community interactions to coordinate social responses to social problems. There are few available scales for measuring this construct. This work presents the adaptation to Spanish and psychometric validation of a scale for measuring social capital in a rural setting. The Wang Social Cognitive Scale was also adapted to Spanish. 1200 questionnaires were applied to adults in 12 villages of the municipality of Tierra Alta, (Colombia) recruited by random sampling. Factor analysis of the scale was performed based on a polychoric correlation matrix. Exploratory factor analysis suggests the existence of two principal factors distributed as follows: 7 items for factor 1, trust (eigenvalue 3.23) and 2 items, for factor 2, distrust (eigenvalue 1.40). As observed by Wang, Q9 and Q10 could be ambiguous questions which do not contribute enough to either of the factors. The first factor validation to Spanish language of the Wang Social Capital Scale is presented in the social context of rural Colombia. PMID:25014299

Fernndez Nio, Julin Alfredo; Pinzn Flrez, Carlos Eduardo; Moreno Montoya, Jos; Cepeda Gil, Magda Cristiana; Idrovo Velandia, Alvaro Javier

2014-07-01

117

Understanding multimedia content using web scale social media data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, increasingly rich and massive social media data (such as texts, images, audios, videos, blogs, and so on) are being posted to the web, including social networking websites (e.g., MySpace, Facebook), photo and video sharing websites (e.g., Flickr, YouTube), and photo forums (e.g., Photosig.com and Photo.net). Recently, researchers from multidisciplinary areas have proposed to use data-driven approaches for multimedia content

Dong Xu; Lei Zhang; Jiebo Luo

2010-01-01

118

Parallel Computation of Large-Scale Nonlinear Network Problems in the Social and Economic Sciences  

E-print Network

In this paper we focus on the parallel computation of large - scale equilibrium and optimization problems arising in the social and economic sciences. In particular, we consider problems which can be visualized and ...

Nagurney, Anna

119

Village-Scale Practices and Water Sources in Indigenous Mexico after the Neoliberalizing of Social Property  

E-print Network

To establish whether social property villages ("ncleos agrarios") in indigenous, well-watered parts of Mexico are maintaining the same degree of village-scale control of water sources that they practiced before the neoliberal land tenure reforms...

Kelly, John K.

2013-05-31

120

Preliminary development of a scale of social support: Studies on college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growing research interest in social support underscores the need for reliable and valid measures of this concept. It is argued that measures that assess what indivMuals actually do by way of providing support make unique contributions to our understanding of natural helping processes. A 40item scale, the Inventory of Socially Supportive Behaviors (ISSB), was developed in which respondents report the

Manuel Barrera; Irwin N. Sandler; Thomas B. Ramsay

1981-01-01

121

Convergent and Discriminant Validity of the Iowa Social Competency Scale for Preschool Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Convergent and discriminant validity of the Iowa Social Competency Scale-Preschool form was investigated using the Campbell and Fiske validity model. The methods involved were observer, mother, father and teacher ratings whereas the traits were three test factors of social activator, reassurance, and hypersensitivity. Subjects were 92 pre-school

Wirth, Sharon; Pease, Damaris

1983-01-01

122

Network System Challenges in Selective Sharing and Verification for Personal, Social, and Urban-Scale Sensing  

E-print Network

, enabling them to effectively observe distributed phenomena at personal, social and urban scales. A key area; observations about a patient's per- sonal space, their heart rate or blood sugar levels, are only shared with the patient's health-care provider. By social applications, we mean situations in which data are shared among

Paxson, Vern

123

The Factor Structure and Screening Utility of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The widely used Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS; R. P. Mattick & J. C. Clarke, 1998) possesses favorable psychometric properties, but questions remain concerning its factor structure and item properties. Analyses included 445 people with social anxiety disorder and 1,689 undergraduates. Simple unifactorial models fit poorly, and models that

Rodebaugh, Thomas L.; Woods, Carol M.; Heimberg, Richard G.; Liebowitz, Michael R.; Schneier, Franklin R.

2006-01-01

124

Development of the Ethnic and Racial Socialization of Transracial Adoptee Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: This study describes the development and initial validation of the 15-item Ethnic and Racial Socialization of Transracial Adoptee Scale (ERSTAS). Method: Using the model of Boykin and Tom on Black family socialization, the items were developed and validated using two different Asian adoptee samples. Results: Two subscales, ethnic

Mohanty, Jayashree

2010-01-01

125

The Factor Structure and Screening Utility of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The widely used Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS; R. P. Mattick & J. C. Clarke, 1998) possesses favorable psychometric properties, but questions remain concerning its factor structure and item properties. Analyses included 445 people with social anxiety disorder and 1,689 undergraduates. Simple unifactorial models fit poorly, and models that accounted for differences due to item wording (i.e., reverse scoring) provided

Thomas L. Rodebaugh; Carol M. Woods; Richard G. Heimberg; Michael R. Liebowitz; Franklin R. Schneier

2006-01-01

126

Social Conflict in Centimeter-and Global-Scale Populations of the Bacterium Myxococcus xanthus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social interactions among microbes that engage in cooperative behaviors are well studied in laboratory contexts [1, 2], but little is known about the scales at which initially cooperative microbes diversify into socially conflicting genotypes in nature. The predatory soil bacterium Myxococcus xanthus responds to starvation by cooperatively forming multicellular fruiting bodies in which a portion of the population differentiates into

Michiel Vos; Gregory J. Velicer

2009-01-01

127

Confirmatory analysis of the factorial structure and validity of the service provider sociality scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation assessed the factorial structure and validity of the Service Provider Sociality Scale (SPSS). The SPSS was administered to 455 customers, including 255 undergraduate students attending a small Midwestern college and 200 residents in communities surrounding the college. Confirmatory factor analysis results indicated that the service provider sociality measurement model had significant composite reliability and discriminant validity. Implications and

Chas D. Koermer; Mary C. Toale; Wendy S. Zabava Ford; Andy D. Dohanos

2003-01-01

128

Factor Structure of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale for Children and Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factor structure of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale for Children and Adolescents (LSAS-CA). The LSAS-CA was administered to 225 children and adolescents as a component of various clinical studies. In addition, other measures of psychopathology and impairment were administered to a subgroup of the sample. Confirmatory factor analyses of the social

Eric A. Storch; Carrie Masia-Warner; Amanda D. Heidgerken; Paige H. Fisher; Donna B. Pincus; Michael R. Liebowitz

2006-01-01

129

Construction and administration of a social acceptance scale for black and white teachers in Southeast Michigan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study used Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) to develop an internally reliable and consistent Social Acceptance Scale (SAS) for self-identified black and white teachers in Southeast Michigan. The SAS was used to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in social acceptance levels between black and white teachers. ^ The SAS was administered to black and white teachers at

Dania Haidous

2009-01-01

130

A Large-Scale Study of MySpace: Observations and Implications for Online Social Networks  

E-print Network

A Large-Scale Study of MySpace: Observations and Implications for Online Social Networks James the characteristics of large online social net- works through an extensive analysis of over 1.9 mil- lion MySpace profiles in an effort to understand who is using these networks and how they are being used. We study MySpace

Caverlee, James

131

Seven Social Performance Scales for the California Psychological Inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the construction and validation of 7 scales for the California Psychological Inventory (Gough, 1975,1987) based on a socioanalytic interpretation of the Five-Factor Model. The scale construction differed from traditional rational and empirical approaches in that it regarded responses to personality items as speech acts-skilled performances that create an effect on an audience. Expected group differences across 10

John A. Johnson

1997-01-01

132

Studying Social Networks at Scale: Macroscopic Anatomy of the Twitter Social Graph  

E-print Network

Twitter is one of the largest social networks using exclusively directed links among accounts. This makes the Twitter social graph much closer to the social graph supporting real life communications than, for instance, Facebook. Therefore, understanding the structure of the Twitter social graph is interesting not only for computer scientists, but also for researchers in other fields, such as sociologists. However, little is known about how the information propagation in Twitter is constrained by its inner structure. In this paper, we present an in-depth study of the macroscopic structure of the Twitter social graph unveiling the highways on which tweets propagate, the specific user activity associated with each component of this macroscopic structure, and the evolution of this macroscopic structure with time for the past 6 years. For this study, we crawled Twitter to retrieve all accounts and all social relationships (follow links) among accounts; the crawl completed in July 2012 with 505 million accounts int...

Gabielkov, Maksym; Legout, Arnaud

2014-01-01

133

Multidimensional scaling of ideological landscape on social network sites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social network sites (SNSs) are valuable source of information on various subjects in network science. Recently, political activity of SNSs users has increasing attention and is an interesting interdisciplinary subject of physical and social science. In this work, we measure ideological positions of the legislators of U.S. and South Korea (S.K.) evaluated by Twitter users, using the information employed in the bipartite network structure of the legislators and their Twitter followers. We compare the result with ideological positions constructed from roll call record of the legislators. This shows there is a discrepancy between the ideological positions evaluated by Twitter users and actual positions estimated from roll call votes in S.K. We also asses the ideological positions of the Twitter users themselves and analyze the distribution of the positions.

Lee, Deokjae; Hahn, Kyu S.; Park, Juyong

2012-02-01

134

Can Stereotype Threat Be Measured? A Validation of the Social Identities and Attitudes Scale (SIAS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reported the development and validation of the Social Identities and Attitudes Scale (SIAS), a stereotype threat susceptibility measure. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses conducted with college students indicate that the scale possesses strong psychometric properties. The SIAS explained 65% of the variance in the items

Picho, Katherine; Brown, Scott W.

2011-01-01

135

Stressful Life Events: A Revision and Update of the Social Readjustment Rating Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The widely used and cited Social Readjustment Rating Scale developed by Holmes and Rahe (1967) was comprehensively revised and updated. The new instrument, containing 51 major life events, was administered to a national sample of 5000. Respondents were asked to rate the stressfulness of each life event on a 1100 scale. Completed surveys were returned by 3122 individuals (62.4%). Responses

Charles J. Hobson; Joseph Kamen; Jana Szostek; Carol M. Nethercut; James W. Tiedmann; Susan Wojnarowicz

1998-01-01

136

On the Validity of the California Psychological Inventory Socialization Scale: A Multivariate Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to isolate groups homogeneous in role-taking ability and to describe them on dimensions of the California Psychological Inventory (CPI) Socialization (So) scale. The results support the validity of some of the subscales as indicators of the role-taking construct underlying the So scale. (Author)

Rosen, Anne-Sofie; Schalling, Daisy

1974-01-01

137

Can Stereotype Threat Be Measured? A Validation of the Social Identities and Attitudes Scale (SIAS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reported the development and validation of the Social Identities and Attitudes Scale (SIAS)a stereotype threat susceptibility measure. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses conducted with college students revealed that the scale, which constitutes six key ST moderators, possessed strong psychometric properties. The SIAS makes it possible for researchers to establish a baseline for measuring ST susceptibility and, subsequently, the

Katherine Picho; Scott W. Brown

2011-01-01

138

Wording effect leads to a controversy over the construct of the social dominance orientation scale.  

PubMed

Most investigations of individuals' social dominance orientation (SDO) have used the 16-item SDO scale developed by F. Pratto, J. Sidanius, L. M. Stallworth, and B. F. Malle (1994). The scale's authors believed it to be a unidimensional scale, but other researchers have found the scale has 2 or more factors. The present authors proposed a new hypothesis: The controversy of the scale structure was related to the wording effect of the scale. Based on a sample of Americans, Canadians, and Chinese, the present study indicated that what the scale measured was not only 1 trait of SDO, but also a negative-wording effect factor and that the scale structure was invariant across the 3 cultural groups. The existence of a wording effect reminds us to be cautious of the construct validity of the scale and interpretations of results. PMID:20806851

Xin, Ziqiang; Chi, Liping

2010-01-01

139

Social scale and structural complexity in human languages  

PubMed Central

The complexity of different components of the grammars of human languages can be quantified. For example, languages vary greatly in the size of their phonological inventories, and in the degree to which they make use of inflectional morphology. Recent studies have shown that there are relationships between these types of grammatical complexity and the number of speakers a language has. Languages spoken by large populations have been found to have larger phonological inventories, but simpler morphology, than languages spoken by small populations. The results require further investigation, and, most importantly, the mechanism whereby the social context of learning and use affects the grammatical evolution of a language needs elucidation. PMID:22641821

Nettle, Daniel

2012-01-01

140

Multidimensional, Threshold Effects of Social Support in Firefighters: Is More Support Invariably Better?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between social support (Social Provisions Scale) and stress (Perceived Stress Scale) in a sample of male firefighters in a midwestern community (N=53). The authors assessed 5 types of perceived support from 2 sources: peer firefighters and supervisors. Results indicate that reassurance of worth and social

Varvel, Shiloh Jordan; He, Yuhong; Shannon, Jennifer K.; Tager, David; Bledman, Rashanta A.; Chaichanasakul, Adipat; Mendoza, Monique M.; Mallinckrodt, Brent

2007-01-01

141

The Social Orienting Continuum and Response Scale (SOC-RS): A Dimensional Measure for Preschool-Aged Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with autism show deficits in social referencing, joint attention, orienting to their names, and social smiling as early as the first year of life. The present study describes the development of the Social Orienting Continuum and Response Scale (SOC-RS), a quantitative scale assessing each of these behaviors during the course of

Mosconi, Matthew W.; Reznick, J. Steven; Mesibov, Gary; Piven, Joseph

2009-01-01

142

Emergence of scale-free close-knit friendship structure in online social networks  

E-print Network

The structures of online social networks have attracted considerable attention in recent years, but the close-knit friendship structures are still in question. In this study, we mainly concentrate on how these mesoscale structures are influenced by both global and local structure properties. We first empirically analyze the structure properties of several large-scale online social networks, and find that both local structures (i. e., indegree, outdegree, and reciprocal degree) and mesoscale structures (i. e., close-knit friendship structures) show scale-free properties. Surprisingly, indegree, outdegree, and reciprocal degree distributions in local-scale follow almost the same power law, and the distributions of four close-knit friendship structures in mesoscale display the same scaling law. To explain this fully, we propose a simplified directed network model with external reciprocation and internal evolution processes. Through rate equation analysis, the local-scale and mesoscale structure properties are de...

Cui, Ai-xiang; Tang, Ming; Fu, Yan

2012-01-01

143

Zero-point scaling as affected by social object, scaling method, and context  

Microsoft Academic Search

482 college students served as judges in the exploration of a method of determining a rational origin on an interval scale developed by Thurstone and Jones. This method is based on Thurstone's law of comparative judgment. It not only requires the judgment of single stimuli, but pairs as well. A basic assumption is that the scale values of pairs will

Jack M. Hicks; Donald T. Campbell

1965-01-01

144

Ethnographic Approaches to Understanding Social Sustainability in Small-scale Water Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social sustainability is an important, but often neglected, aspect of determining the success of small-scale water systems. This paper reviews ethnographic approaches for understanding how indigenous knowledge enhances social sustainability of small-scale water systems, particularly in small-scale water systems threatened by water scarcity. After reviewing the literature on common-pool and traditional resource management strategies, the paper will focus on the case of a community-managed small-scale water system in Cochabamba, Bolivia. This study uses ethnographic evidence to demonstrate how indigenous institutions can be used to manage a small-scale urban water system sustainably. Several factors were crucial to the institution's success. First, indigenous residents had previous experience with common management of rural irrigation systems which they were able to adapt for use in an urban environment. Second, institutional rules were designed to prioritize the conservation of the water source. Third, indigenous Andean social values of uniformity, regularity, and transparency ensured that community members perceived the system as legitimate and complied with community rules. Fourth, self-governance enabled community members to quickly adapt to changing environmental conditions, such as seasonal scarcity and groundwater overdraft. The paper concludes with a discussion of the promise and limitations of ethnographic approaches and indigenous knowledge for understanding social sustainability in small-scale water systems.

Wutich, A.

2011-12-01

145

Etoile Project : Social Intelligent ICT-System for very large scale education in complex systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The project will devise new theory and implement new ICT-based methods of delivering high-quality low-cost postgraduate education to many thousands of people in a scalable way, with the cost of each extra student being negligible (< a few Euros). The research will create an in vivo laboratory of one to ten thousand postgraduate students studying courses in complex systems. This community is chosen because it is large and interdisciplinary and there is a known requirement for courses for thousand of students across Europe. The project involves every aspect of course production and delivery. Within this the research focused on the creation of a Socially Intelligent Resource Mining system to gather large volumes of high quality educational resources from the internet; new methods to deconstruct these to produce a semantically tagged Learning Object Database; a Living Course Ecology to support the creation and maintenance of evolving course materials; systems to deliver courses; and a socially intelligent assessment system'. The system will be tested on one to ten thousand postgraduate students in Europe working towards the Complex System Society's title of European PhD in Complex Systems. toile will have a very high impact both scientifically and socially by (i) the provision of new scalable ICT-based methods for providing very low cost scientific education, (ii) the creation of new mathematical and statistical theory for the multiscale dynamics of complex systems, (iii) the provision of a working example of adaptation and emergence in complex socio-technical systems, and (iv) making a major educational contribution to European complex systems science and its applications.

Bourgine, P.; Johnson, J.

2009-04-01

146

The Liebowitz social anxiety scale as a self-report instrument: a preliminary psychometric analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Liebowitz social anxiety scale (LSAS) is a commonly used clinician-administered instrument. The present study reports on the properties of a self-report version of the LSAS (LSAS-SR). About 175 participants diagnosed with social phobia participated in the study. The LSAS-SR showed overall good psychometric properties as indicated by the results of testretest reliability, internal consistency, and convergent and discriminant validity.

Sandra L Baker; Nina Heinrichs; Hyo-Jin Kim; Stefan G Hofmann

2002-01-01

147

Reliability and Validity of the Chinese Version of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A)\\u000a in a sample of 296 adolescents (49% boys) in Grades 7, 8, 9, 10, and 12 with a mean age of 15.52years. Confirmatory factor\\u000a analysis replicated the three-factor structure of the SAS-A in the Chinese sample: Fear of Negative Evaluation (FNE), Social

Xinyue Zhou; Qian Xu; Cndido J. Ingls; Mara D. Hidalgo; Annette M. La Greca

2008-01-01

148

Psychosocial Factors in Athletic Injuries: Development and Application of the Social and Athletic Readjustment Rating Scale (SARRS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The possible role of psychosocial factors in athletics, namely football injuries, is examined. Initially Holmes and Rahe's Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) was modified to the Social and Athletic Readjustment Scale (SARRS). Additions to the scale and differences in football players from the general population are discussed. Life change scores over one- and two-year intervals were obtained for college varsity

Steven T. Bramwell; Minoru Masuda; Nathaniel N. Wagner; Thomas H. Holmes

1975-01-01

149

Scale indicators of social exchange relationships: a comparison of relative content validity.  

PubMed

Although social exchange theory has become one of the most oft-evoked theories in industrial and organizational psychology, there remains no consensus about how to measure its key mechanism: social exchange relationships (Blau, 1964). Drawing on Cropanzano and Byrne's (2000) review of contemporary social exchange theorizing, we examined the content validity of perceived support, exchange quality, affective commitment, trust, and psychological contract fulfillment as indicators of social exchange relationships. We used Hinkin and Tracey's (1999) quantitative approach to content validation, which asks participants to rate the correspondence between scale items and definitions of intended (and unintended) constructs. Our results revealed that some of the most frequently utilized indicators of social exchange relationships--perceived support and exchange quality--were significantly less content valid than rarely used options like affect-based trust. Our results also revealed that 2 direct measures--Bernerth, Armenakis, Feild, Giles, and Walker's (2007) scale and a scale created for this study--were content valid. We discuss the implications of these results for future applications of social exchange theory. PMID:24708267

Colquitt, Jason A; Baer, Michael D; Long, David M; Halvorsen-Ganepola, Marie D K

2014-07-01

150

Functional traits as indicators of fodder provision over a short time scale in species-rich grasslands  

PubMed Central

Background and Aims Fodder provision in species-rich grasslands, i.e. herbage growth, proportion of leaf, and leaf and stem digestibility, is difficult to predict for short periods of time, such as between two defoliations or less. The value of two methods based on plant traits for evaluating these agronomic properties was examined. Methods One method is based on plant trait measurements on the plant community (leaf dry matter content, plant height, flowering date); the other is on vegetation composition expressed as plant functional types (acquisitive versus conservative PFTs) established by measuring leaf dry matter content on pure grass stands. The experiment consisted of 18 fields with three different defoliation regimes (combinations of cutting and grazing) and two levels of fertilization. To establish a growth curve over the first growth cycle, herbage was sampled about 10 times in spring. Key Results Coefficients of correlation between agronomic properties of the vegetation and its functional composition were higher when the latter was assessed through PFT and an indicator of the plant nutrient status (Ni) instead of measured plant traits. The date at which the ceiling yield occurred for the standing herbage mass or only the leaf component, which varied by up to 500 degree-days between treatments, and the leaf proportion, depended entirely on the PFT, and largely so for the leaf digestibility. The standing herbage mass at the time of ceiling yield depended only on Ni, or mainly so in the case of the daily herbage growth rate. Similar plant digestibility between plant communities was found at flowering time, although there were big differences in PFT composition. The shape of the growth curve was flatter when there was great functional diversity in the plant community. Conclusions The PFT composition and the Ni were more reliable than the plant functional traits measured in the field for evaluating herbage growth pattern and digestibility in spring. PMID:18974100

Ansquer, Pauline; Duru, Michel; Theau, Jean Pierre; Cruz, Pablo

2009-01-01

151

Performance of an Abbreviated Version of the Lubben Social Network Scale Among Three European Community-Dwelling Older Adult Populations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: There is a need for valid and reliable short scales that can be used to assess social networks and social supports and to screen for social isolation in older persons. Design and Methods: The present study is a cross-national and cross-cultural evaluation of the performance of an abbreviated version of the Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS-6), which was used

Steve Iliffe; Wolfgang von Renteln Kruse; John C. Beck; Andreas E. Stuck

152

Role of serotonin and noradrenaline in social dysfunction: a review of data on reboxetine and the Social Adaptation Self-evaluation Scale (SASS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social impairment is a common feature of depressive illness, often causing substantial and clinically meaningful dysfunction. Although the depressive symptoms and social impairment are linked, the naturalistic course and response to treatment of these two aspects of depression do not necessarily correlate. A variety of self-report and clinician-administered assessment scales which are specific for the measurement of social functioning and

Martin Keller

2001-01-01

153

LETTER The co-evolution of social institutions, demography, and large-scale human cooperation  

E-print Network

LETTER The co-evolution of social institutions, demography, and large- scale human cooperation, CH- 1015, Lausanne, Switzerland *Correspondence: E-mail: simon. powers@unil.ch Abstract Human involves understanding how these institutions co-evolve with demography. We study this using a demo

Alvarez, Nadir

154

The Reliability and Validity of the Social Responsiveness Scale in a UK General Child Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first UK study to report the reliability, validity, and factor structure of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) in a general population sample. Parents of 500 children (aged 5-8 years) in North East England completed the SRS. Profiles of scores were similar to USA norms, and a single factor structure was identified. Good construct

Wigham, Sarah; McConachie, Helen; Tandos, Jonathan; Le Couteur, Ann S.

2012-01-01

155

FINE SCALE GENETIC STRUCTURE AND EXTRA-PAIR PARENTAGE IN THE SOCIALLY MONOGAMOUS UPLAND SANDPIPER  

E-print Network

FINE SCALE GENETIC STRUCTURE AND EXTRA-PAIR PARENTAGE IN THE SOCIALLY MONOGAMOUS UPLAND SANDPIPER UNIVERSITY Manhattan, Kansas 2008 Approved by: Approved by: Co-Major Professor Co-Major Professor Brett K to explain the adaptive significance of this behavior, including the genetic diversity hypothesis, the good

Sandercock, Brett K.

156

Reliability and Validity of the Social Anxiety Scale for Children--Revised for Hispanic Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the psychometric properties of the Social Anxiety Scale for Children--Revised (SASC-R) in a sample of 159 predominantly Dominican and Puerto Rican fifth- and sixth-grade students from New York City. Findings provided initial support for SASC-R reliability and validity in Hispanic children. Convergent validity was supported by

Storch, Eric A.; Eisenberg, Philip S.; Roberti, Jonathan W.; Barlas, Mitchell E.

2003-01-01

157

The Validity of the Student Academic Support Scale: Associations with Social Support and Relational Closeness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study validates the Student Academic Support Scale (SASS), a 15-item multidimensional measure assessing informational, esteem, motivational, and venting support. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) revealed good model fit and replicated prior CFA tests (Mazer & Thompson, 2011; Thompson & Mazer, 2009). Correlations between student academic support and traditional social support measures provided convergent validity evidence. A positive association between student

Joseph P. Mazer; Blair Thompson

2011-01-01

158

Development of a Scale to Investigate Cybervictimization among Online Social Utility Members  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to develop a scale to investigate cybervictimization among the members of an online social utility. Eight hundred ninety-six participants were recruited with a 36-item web-based survey, which was developed through literature review and expert opinions. The dataset was used for an exploratory factor analysis. After dysfunctional

Akbulut, Yavuz; Sahin, Yusuf Levent; Eristi, Bahadir

2010-01-01

159

Factor Structure of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale for Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factor structure of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale for Children and Adolescents (LSAS-CA). The LSAS-CA was administered to 225 children and adolescents as a component of various clinical studies. In addition, other measures of psychopathology and impairment were administered to a subgroup of the

Storch, Eric A.; Masia-Warner, Carrie; Heidgerken, Amanda D.; Fisher, Paige H.; Pincus, Donna B.; Liebowitz, Michael R.

2006-01-01

160

Speeding up Large-Scale Learning with a Social Prior Deepayan Chakrabarti  

E-print Network

Speeding up Large-Scale Learning with a Social Prior Deepayan Chakrabarti Facebook Inc. deepay@fb.com Ralf Herbrich Amazon Inc.(Work done while at Facebook Inc.) herbrich@amazon.com ABSTRACT Slow in online learning. This is especially true when only a few fea- tures are"active"in any training example

161

Life Event Checklists: Revisiting the Social Readjustment Rating Scale after 30 Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite criticism, the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) is one of the most widely cited measurement instruments in the stress literature. This research assesses several criticisms of the SRRS after years of widespread use. Specifically, the authors evaluate content-related criticisms, including differential prediction of desirable relative to undesirable life events, controllable relative to uncontrollable life events, and contaminated relative to

Judith A. Scully; Henry Tosi; Kevin Banning

2000-01-01

162

On the validity of the California Psychological Inventory Socialization Scale: A multivariate approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Isolated groups homogeneous in role-taking ability and described them on dimensions of the California Psychological Inventory (CPI) Socialization (So) scale. Ss were 189 Swedish delinquent and nondelinquent 19-31 yr old males. 6 subscales were constructed by factor analysis. A latent profile analysis of responses to 18 items, selected from the subscales, yielded a low (n = 78 and a high

Anne-Sofie Rosen; Daisy Schalling

1974-01-01

163

Psychometric Properties of the Chinese Version of the Social Responsiveness Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Social Responsiveness Scale (Chinese SRS). We assessed 1419 grade 1 to grade 8 students from northern Taiwan and 401 clinic-based participants (aged 3-20, male 90.3%). All clinic-based participants were clinically diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs),

Gau, Susan Shur-Fen; Liu, Li-Ting; Wu, Yu-Yu; Chiu, Yen-Nan; Tsai, Wen-Che

2013-01-01

164

Validation of the Social Appearance Anxiety Scale: Factor, Convergent, and Divergent Validity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (SAAS) was created to assess fear of overall appearance evaluation. Initial psychometric work indicated that the measure had a single-factor structure and exhibited excellent internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and convergent validity. In the current study, the authors further examined the factor,

Levinson, Cheri A.; Rodebaugh, Thomas L.

2011-01-01

165

The Use of Online Social Networks by Polish Former Erasmus Students: A Large-Scale Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is an increasing role of online social networks in the life of young Poles. We conducted a large-scale survey among Polish former Erasmus students. We have received 2450 completed questionnaires from alumni of 115 higher education institutions all over Poland. 85.4% of our respondents reported they kept in touch with their former Erasmus

Bryla, Pawel

2014-01-01

166

Development and preliminary validation of the First Episode Social Functioning Scale for early psychosis.  

PubMed

The current study aimed at developing and conducting a preliminary validation a novel social functioning measure for people with early psychosis. The First Episode Social Functioning Scale (FESFS) was developed to cover many domains specific to this population in their contemporary reality. The self-report version of the FESFS was administered to 203 individuals receiving services in first episode clinics. Scores of the GAF, SOFAS, Social Functioning Scale and BPRS were also obtained for parts of the sample to calculate convergent and discriminant validity. A subgroup also answered the FESFS at several time points during treatment in order to determine sensibility to change. Principal component factor analyses and internal consistency analyses revealed the following nine factors with alphas ranging from 0.63 to 0.80: Friendships and social activities, Independent living skills, Interacting with people, Family, Intimacy, Relationships and social activities at work, Work abilities, Relationships and social activities at school, Educational abilities. Convergent and discriminant validity were demonstrated, as well as sensitivity to change. Clinical and research utility of the FESFS are discussed. PMID:24613006

Lecomte, Tania; Corbire, Marc; Ehmann, Tom; Addington, Jean; Abdel-Baki, Amal; Macewan, Bill

2014-05-30

167

The provision of and need for social support among adult and pediatric patients with tuberculosis in Lima, Peru: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Tuberculosis (TB) remains a significant public health problem in Peru, causing an estimated 35,000 new cases each year, 6.7% of whom are co-infected with HIV. Social support mechanisms are key in influencing health-seeking behavior, adherence, and overall patient wellbeing in clinical settings. We examine the types of social support received by TB patients and parents of pediatric patients in peri-urban Lima, Peru, to understand its role in patients psychosocial wellbeing during treatment. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted between August 2004 and May 2005 among 43 individuals: 19 adults with TB, 8 adults with TB/HIV, 13 parents of pediatric TB patients, and 3 parents of pediatric TB/HIV patients. Results Patients described the need for psychosocial support to mitigate the difficulty of continually going to the clinic to take medications, tending to other family or professional responsibilities while on treatment, and confronting stigma and social isolation within their community. Family members most often contributed to meeting these psychosocial needs, and were also crucial in providing economic support to patients faced with burdensome medical expenses or who were forced to leave their jobs due to being on treatment. Most healthcare personnel were described as key providers of emotional support and encouragement for patients to successfully adhere to treatment, however there were a select few doctors whose scare tactics seemingly discouraged patient adherence. During the treatment process, patients described being more socially withdrawn as a result of feeling fatigued from their medications, however most participants also described forming new mutually supportive friendships among their fellow patients. Conclusions Despite the general reluctance of patients to disclose their disease status, patients received a significant amount of psychosocial support from both family members to whom they disclosed, and from positive interactions with healthcare providers. High levels of depression were reported, with many patients voicing need for improved and more frequent psychological interventions. To improve the Peru TB program, participants suggested extending educational opportunities to patients families and the wider community, increasing the existing amount of nutritional support, and programmatic provision of vocational activities to increase economic opportunities. PMID:23899353

2013-01-01

168

Emergence of Scale-Free Close-Knit Friendship Structure in Online Social Networks  

PubMed Central

Although the structural properties of online social networks have attracted much attention, the properties of the close-knit friendship structures remain an important question. Here, we mainly focus on how these mesoscale structures are affected by the local and global structural properties. Analyzing the data of four large-scale online social networks reveals several common structural properties. It is found that not only the local structures given by the indegree, outdegree, and reciprocal degree distributions follow a similar scaling behavior, the mesoscale structures represented by the distributions of close-knit friendship structures also exhibit a similar scaling law. The degree correlation is very weak over a wide range of the degrees. We propose a simple directed network model that captures the observed properties. The model incorporates two mechanisms: reciprocation and preferential attachment. Through rate equation analysis of our model, the local-scale and mesoscale structural properties are derived. In the local-scale, the same scaling behavior of indegree and outdegree distributions stems from indegree and outdegree of nodes both growing as the same function of the introduction time, and the reciprocal degree distribution also shows the same power-law due to the linear relationship between the reciprocal degree and in/outdegree of nodes. In the mesoscale, the distributions of four closed triples representing close-knit friendship structures are found to exhibit identical power-laws, a behavior attributed to the negligible degree correlations. Intriguingly, all the power-law exponents of the distributions in the local-scale and mesoscale depend only on one global parameter, the mean in/outdegree, while both the mean in/outdegree and the reciprocity together determine the ratio of the reciprocal degree of a node to its in/outdegree. Structural properties of numerical simulated networks are analyzed and compared with each of the four real networks. This work helps understand the interplay between structures on different scales in online social networks. PMID:23272067

Cui, Ai-Xiang; Zhang, Zi-Ke; Tang, Ming; Hui, Pak Ming; Fu, Yan

2012-01-01

169

Emergence of scale-free close-knit friendship structure in online social networks.  

PubMed

Although the structural properties of online social networks have attracted much attention, the properties of the close-knit friendship structures remain an important question. Here, we mainly focus on how these mesoscale structures are affected by the local and global structural properties. Analyzing the data of four large-scale online social networks reveals several common structural properties. It is found that not only the local structures given by the indegree, outdegree, and reciprocal degree distributions follow a similar scaling behavior, the mesoscale structures represented by the distributions of close-knit friendship structures also exhibit a similar scaling law. The degree correlation is very weak over a wide range of the degrees. We propose a simple directed network model that captures the observed properties. The model incorporates two mechanisms: reciprocation and preferential attachment. Through rate equation analysis of our model, the local-scale and mesoscale structural properties are derived. In the local-scale, the same scaling behavior of indegree and outdegree distributions stems from indegree and outdegree of nodes both growing as the same function of the introduction time, and the reciprocal degree distribution also shows the same power-law due to the linear relationship between the reciprocal degree and in/outdegree of nodes. In the mesoscale, the distributions of four closed triples representing close-knit friendship structures are found to exhibit identical power-laws, a behavior attributed to the negligible degree correlations. Intriguingly, all the power-law exponents of the distributions in the local-scale and mesoscale depend only on one global parameter, the mean in/outdegree, while both the mean in/outdegree and the reciprocity together determine the ratio of the reciprocal degree of a node to its in/outdegree. Structural properties of numerical simulated networks are analyzed and compared with each of the four real networks. This work helps understand the interplay between structures on different scales in online social networks. PMID:23272067

Cui, Ai-Xiang; Zhang, Zi-Ke; Tang, Ming; Hui, Pak Ming; Fu, Yan

2012-01-01

170

The "drinking-buddy" scale as a measure of para-social behavior.  

PubMed

Para-social behavior is a form of quasi-interpersonal behavior that results when audience members develop bonds with media personalities that can resemble interpersonal social interaction, but is not usually applied to political communication. This study tested whether the "Drinking-Buddy" Scale, a simple question frequently used in political communication, could be interpreted as a single-item measure of para-social behavior with respect to political candidates in terms of image judgments related to interpersonal attraction and perceived similarity to self. The participants were college students who had voted in the 2008 election. They rated the candidates, Obama or McCain, as drinking buddies and then rated the candidates' perceived similarity to themselves in attitude and background, and also the social and task attraction to the candidate. If the drinking-buddy rating serves as a proxy measure for para-social behavior, then it was expected that participants' ratings for all four kinds of similarity to and attraction toward a candidate would be higher for the candidate they chose as a drinking buddy. The directional hypotheses were supported for interpersonal attraction, but not for perceived similarity. These results indicate that the drinking-buddy scale predicts ratings of interpersonal attraction, while voters may view perceived similarity as an important but not essential factor in their candidate preference. PMID:22897105

Powell, Larry; Richmond, Virginia P; Cantrell-Williams, Glenda

2012-06-01

171

Scaling up Corporate Social Investments in Education: Five Strategies That Work. Global Views. Policy Paper 2012-01  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scaling up good corporate social investment practices in developing countries is crucial to realizing the "Education for All" and "Millennium Development Goals". Yet very few corporate social investments have the right mix of vision, financing, cross-sector engagement and leadership to come to scale. Globally, 67 million children are not enrolled

van Fleet, Justin W.

2012-01-01

172

Investigating the Clinical Usefulness of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) in a Tertiary Level, Autism Spectrum Disorder Specific Assessment Clinic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS; Constantino and Gruber in Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS). Western Psychological Services, Los Angeles, 2005) is a commonly used screening tool for identifying children with possible autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study investigated the relationship between SRS scores and eventual diagnostic outcome

Aldridge, Fiona J.; Gibbs, Vicki M.; Schmidhofer, Katherine; Williams, Megan

2012-01-01

173

Toward the development of a service provider sociality scale and its relationship to customer satisfaction and loyalty  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed the dimensional structure of the Service Provider Sociality Scale, then determined whether service providers' use of different sociality dimensions predicts customer satisfaction and, in turn, whether customer satisfaction predicts loyalty. A survey of 256 undergraduate student customers revealed two significant dimensions of sociality: Personal Connection and Courteous Expressions. These dimensions explained 74% of the variance in customer

Chas Koermer; Wendy S. Zabava Ford; Curtis Brant

2000-01-01

174

Development of a scale for measuring social health of Iranians living in three big cities  

PubMed Central

Background: Social health is considered as a significant dimension of health and, hence, its assessment is vital in health planning. Within this context, this study aimed to develop a valid and reliable scale for measuring individuals social health in Iran. To do so, an exploratory sequential mixed method was used. Methods: To establish the item pool and primary scale, 30 interviews with experts and other stakeholders, and a primary review of relevant literature and similar questionnaires were conducted. Then, a survey with 800 respondents from three cities in Iran was undertaken to assess the validity and reliability of the scale. Results: In the qualitative stage of this study, after careful consideration, forty questions were remained for the next step. Considering the correlation of the score of each question with the total score of the questionnaire, seven questions were omitted. For this questionnaire with 33 remaining questions, Cronbach's alpha for internal consistency was estimated to be 0.86. The reliability coefficient for 100 samples (taken after 7 to 10 days from the first round of sampling) was 0.91. Considering the factor analysis, three factors were recognized. These factors were named as family, community and friends and relatives. Cronbach's Alpha for internal consistency of community, friends and relatives, and family factors were estimated to be 0.91, 0.77 and 0.78 respectively. The corresponding value of the reliability indicator, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), for community, friends and relatives, and family were calculated 0.69, 0.80 and 0.67 respectively. Conclusion: We developed a measurable scale for social health at an individual level in the Iranian community with an acceptable level of validity and reliability. The new developed scale is able to provide an opportunity to measure Iranians social health at an individual level. Such an indicator of individual health can be used in evaluating the performance of social health policies and providing a platform for evidence-based policy-making in the social health context. PMID:25250247

Abachizadeh, Kambiz; Tayefi, Battol; Nasehi, Abbas Ali; Memaryan, Nadereh; Rassouli, Maryam; Omidnia, Soheila; Bagherzadeh, Leila

2014-01-01

175

Multidimensional scale of perceived social support in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.  

PubMed

Social support is a very important aspect of debilitating diseases. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common disabling disease that impairs a patient's quality of life and affects a patient's environment. The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) is used to measure the perception of the sufficiency of social support for individuals. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship of the MSPSS to the Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI), age and gender in patients with OSAS. In this study, 183 subjects with a diagnosis of OSAS were enrolled. Patients were evaluated with the MSPSS in terms of age, gender and polysomnography results. According to the results of this study, the MSPSS has found to be higher in men than in women with OSAS and higher in moderate-severe OSAS than in mild OSAS. The MSPSS can be an important indicator of how patients cope with the disease. PMID:24939177

Gnbey, Emre; Karabulut, Hayriye

2014-11-01

176

Reliability and Validity of the Chinese Version of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A) in a sample of 296 adolescents (49% boys) in Grades 7, 8, 9, 10, and 12 with a mean age of 15.52 years. Confirmatory factor analysis replicated the three-factor structure of the SAS-A in the Chinese sample: Fear of Negative

Zhou, Xinyue; Xu, Qian; Ingles, Candido J.; Hidalgo, Maria D.; La Greca, Annette M.

2008-01-01

177

Landscape, community, countryside: linking biophysical and social scales in US Corn Belt agricultural landscapes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the interplay between ecological and social factors across multiple scales is integral to landscape change initiatives\\u000a in productive agricultural regions such as the rural US Corn Belt. We investigated the cultural context surrounding the use\\u000a of perennial cover typessuch as stream buffers, wetlands, cellulosic bioenergy stocks, and diverse cropping rotationsto\\u000a restore water quality, biodiversity, and ecosystem function within a

Ryan C. Atwell; Lisa A. Schulte; Lynne M. Westphal

2009-01-01

178

Social responsiveness scale-aided analysis of the clinical impact of copy number variations in autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent array-based studies have detected a wealth of copy number variations (CNVs) in patients with autism spectrum disorders\\u000a (ASD). Since CNVs also occur in healthy individuals, their contributions to the patients phenotype remain largely unclear.\\u000a In a cohort of children with symptoms of ASD, diagnosis of the index patient using ADOS-G and ADI-R was performed, and the\\u000a Social Responsiveness Scale

Emma van Daalen; Chantal Kemner; Nienke E. Verbeek; Bert van der Zwaag; Trijnie Dijkhuizen; Patrick Rump; Renske Houben; Ruben van t Slot; Maretha V. de Jonge; Wouter G. Staal; Frits A. Beemer; Jacob A. S. Vorstman; J. Peter H. Burbach; Hans Kristian Ploos van Amstel; Ron Hochstenbach; Eva H. Brilstra; Martin Poot

2011-01-01

179

Reliability and Validity of the Social Anxiety Scale for Children Revised for Hispanic Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Social Anxiety Scale for ChildrenRevised (SASC-R) in a sample of 159 predominantly Dominican and Puerto Rican children. Participants were a nonclinical sample of fifth-and sixth-grade children aged 10 to 13 years attending an elementary school located in the Metropolitan New York City area. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the SASC-R three-factor structure. Internal

Eric A. Storch; Philip S. Eisenberg; Jonathan W. Roberti; Mitchell E. Barlas

2003-01-01

180

Effects of experimenter absence and subject briefing on social desirability scale scores  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigated the effects of 2 methodological variables, briefing-debriefing and E presence-absence on Ss' test-taking performance. 200 college males were randomly assigned to 1 of the 4 conditions and administered the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (SDS). Those Ss tested under the E-absent condition obtained a significantly lower SDS score than those in the E-present condition (p < .01). The main effect

Paul I. Hettich; Ronald E. Walker

1970-01-01

181

The Reverse of Social Anxiety Is Not Always the Opposite: The Reverse-Scored Items of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale Do Not Belong  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although well-used and empirically supported, the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) has a questionable factor structure and includes reverse-scored items with questionable utility. Here, using samples of undergraduates and a sample of clients with social anxiety disorder, we extend previous work that opened the question of whether the reverse-scored items belong on the scale. First, we successfully confirmed the factor

Thomas L. Rodebaugh; Carol M. Woods; Richard G. Heimberg

2007-01-01

182

Cross-Informant Agreement for Ratings for Social Skill and Problem Behavior Ratings: An Investigation of the Social Skills Improvement SystemRating Scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most consistent findings in rating scale research with children and adolescents is the modest agreement among different informants ratings. The present study systematically explored patterns of agreement among teachers, parents\\/caregivers, and students in domains of social skills and problem behaviors using the Social Skills Improvement SystemRating Scales (SSISRS; F. M. Gresham & S. N. Elliott, 2008). Two

Frank M. Gresham; Stephen N. Elliott; Clayton R. Cook; Michael J. Vance; Ryan Kettler

2010-01-01

183

The Alliance of Adaptive Behavior and Social Competence: An Examination of Relationships between the Scales of Independent Behavior and the Social Skills Rating System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used the Scales of Independent Behavior (SIB) and the Social Skills Rating System (SSRS) to examine the relationship between ratings of adaptive behavior and social competence with 208 students in kindergarten through third grade with a variety of disabilities. The study provided evidence for the concurrent criterion-related validity of

Merrell, Kenneth W.; Popinga, Monique R.

1994-01-01

184

Cross-Informant Agreement for Ratings for Social Skill and Problem Behavior Ratings: An Investigation of the Social Skills Improvement System--Rating Scales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most consistent findings in rating scale research with children and adolescents is the modest agreement among different informants' ratings. The present study systematically explored patterns of agreement among teachers, parents/caregivers, and students in domains of social skills and problem behaviors using the Social Skills

Gresham, Frank M.; Elliott, Stephen N.; Cook, Clayton R.; Vance, Michael J.; Kettler, Ryan

2010-01-01

185

Utility of the "Social Communication Questionnaire-Current" and "Social Responsiveness Scale" as Teacher-Report Screening Tools for Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Limited research exists regarding the role of teachers in screening for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The current study examined the use of the "Social Communication Questionnaire" (SCQ) and "Social Responsiveness Scale" (SRS) as completed by parents and teachers about school-age children from the Simons Simplex Collection. Using the

Schanding, G. Thomas, Jr.; Nowell, Kerri P.; Goin-Kochel, Robin P.

2012-01-01

186

Development of the Scale of Perceived Social Support in HIV (PSS-HIV).  

PubMed

Social support (SS) plays a key role for HIV/AIDS prevention and disease management. Numerous general and disease-specific SS instruments have been developed and perception of support has been increasingly considered, though no scales have been specifically developed to measure perceived social support (PSS) in HIV/AIDS. To help fill this gap a 12-item scale was developed. The study comprised 406 (HIV(+) and HIV(-)) participants from Chile and the UK. A principal component factor analysis yielded three factors explaining 77.0% of the total variance: Belonging, Esteem and Self-development with Cronbach ? of 0.759, 0.882 and 0.927 respectively and 0.893 on the full scale. The PSS-HIV is brief, easy-to-apply, available in English and Spanish and evaluates the perception of supportive social interactions. Further research is needed to corroborate its capacity to detect psycho-socio-immune interactions, its connection with Maslow's hierarchy of need theory and to evaluate its properties for different health states. PMID:25245475

Cortes, Aaron; Hunt, Nigel; McHale, Sue

2014-12-01

187

A Child-Adult Research Form of the Pittsburgh Scales of Social Extraversion-Introversion and Emotionality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bendig's (1) Pittsburgh Scales of Social Extraversion-Introversion (SEI) and Emotionality (Em) were translated so that they were of appropriate reading difficulty for children as well as for adults. The revised scales correlated highly (both .90) with the Pittsburgh scales, and they had high test-retest reliabilities (.92 and .89). Data from samples representing third grade to college ages were presented for

Nicholas A. Sieveking

1973-01-01

188

Psychometric Validation Study of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale - Self-Reported Version for Brazilian Portuguese  

PubMed Central

Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is prevalent and rarely diagnosed due to the difficulty in recognizing its symptoms as belonging to a disorder. Therefore, the evaluation/screening scales are of great importance for its detection, with the most used being the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS). Thus, this study proposed to evaluate the psychometric properties of internal consistency and convergent validity, as well as the confirmatory factorial analysis and reliability of the self-reported version of the LSAS (LSAS-SR), translated into Brazilian Portuguese, in a sample of the general population (N?=?413) and in a SAD clinical sample (N?=?252). The convergent validity with specific scales for the evaluation of SAD and a general anxiety scale presented correlations ranging from 0.21 to 0.84. The confirmatory factorial analysis did not replicate the previously indicated findings of the literature, with the difficulty being in obtaining a consensus factorial structure common to the diverse cultures in which the instrument was studied. The LSAS-SR presented excellent internal consistency (??=?0.900.96) and test-retest reliability (Intraclass Correlation Coefficient?=?0.81; Pearsons?=?0.82). The present findings support those of international studies that attest to the excellent psychometric properties of the LSAS-SR, endorsing its status as the gold standard. PMID:23922961

Forni dos Santos, Larissa; Loureiro, Sonia Regina; Crippa, Jose Alexandre de Souza; Osorio, Flavia de Lima

2013-01-01

189

A Caregiver-Child Social/Emotional and Relationship Rating Scale (CCSERRS)1  

PubMed Central

This paper reports the construction and pilot reliability, validity, and psychometric properties of a new caregiver-child rating scale that emphasizes caregiver-child social-emotional interactions and relationships. While the scale was developed and studied in the context of orphanages for young children, it potentially could be used in non-residential early care and education settings as well as for parent-child interactions in the home. The intent was to assess a few dimensions that comprehensively cover the range of caregiver-child social-emotional interactions and relationships but could be administered in a relatively short period of time in a variety of situations and would not require extensive coder training, manuals, or materials. Results showed that the scale can be reliably administered even using observation periods as short as five minutes, reliability was replicated over seven different coders working in three different orphanages, and ratings of caregivers were similar across different types of caregiving activities (i.e., feeding, dressing/bathing, free play) and for caregivers attending to children birth to 4 and 4 to 8 yrs. of age. In the orphanage context, factor analyses showed the scale primarily reflects caregiver-child mutual engagement and relationship with subordinate components of caregiver punitiveness and caregiver- vs. child-directed behaviors and intrusiveness. PMID:20556236

McCall, Robert B.; Groark, Christina J.; Fish, Larry

2010-01-01

190

Investigating the measurement properties of the social responsiveness scale in preschool children with autism spectrum disorders.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine the measurement properties of the Social Responsiveness Scale in an accelerated longitudinal sample of 4-year-old preschool children with the complementary approaches of categorical confirmatory factor analysis and Rasch analysis. Measurement models based on the literature and other hypothesized measurement models which were tested using categorical confirmatory factor analysis did not fit well and were not unidimensional. Rasch analyses showed that a 30-item subset met criteria of unidimensionality and invariance across item, person, and over time; and this subset exhibited convergent validity with other child outcomes. This subset was shown to have enhanced psychometric properties and could be used in measuring social responsiveness among preschool age children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. PMID:22915306

Duku, Eric; Vaillancourt, Tracy; Szatmari, Peter; Georgiades, Stelios; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Smith, Isabel M; Bryson, Susan; Fombonne, Eric; Mirenda, Pat; Roberts, Wendy; Volden, Joanne; Waddell, Charlotte; Thompson, Ann; Bennett, Teresa

2013-04-01

191

Psychometric properties of the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS-7) in Spanish adolescents.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to validate the Spanish version of Motl and Conroy's model of the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS-7). To achieve this goal, a sample of 398 secondary school students was used, and the psychometric properties of the SPAS-7 were examined through different analyses. The results supported the seven-item model, although the item 5 did not show any significant correlation with two items from this model and had a lower factor loading than the rest of items. The structure of the model was invariant across gender and Body Mass Index (BMI). Alpha value over .70 and suitable levels of temporal stability were obtained. Girls and students classified according to the BMI as overweight and obese had higher scores in social physique anxiety than boys and the group classified as underweight and normal range. The findings of this study provided reliability and validity for the SPAS-7 in a Spanish adolescent sample. PMID:24230949

Senz-Alvarez, Piedad; Sicilia, lvaro; Gonzlez-Cutre, David; Ferriz, Roberto

2013-01-01

192

The Cultural Validation of Two Scales to Assess Social Stigma in Leprosy  

PubMed Central

Background Stigma plays in an important role in the lives of persons affected by neglected tropical diseases, and assessment of stigma is important to document this. The aim of this study is to test the cross-cultural validity of the Community Stigma Scale (EMIC-CSS) and the Social Distance Scale (SDS) in the field of leprosy in Cirebon District, Indonesia. Methodology/principle findings Cultural equivalence was tested by assessing the conceptual, item, semantic, operational and measurement equivalence of these instruments. A qualitative exploratory study was conducted to increase our understanding of the concept of stigma in Cirebon District. A process of translation, discussions, trainings and a pilot study followed. A sample of 259 community members was selected through convenience sampling and 67 repeated measures were obtained to assess the psychometric measurement properties. The aspects and items in the SDS and EMIC-CSS seem equally relevant and important in the target culture. The response scales were adapted to ensure that meaning is transferred accurately and no changes to the scale format (e.g. lay out, statements or questions) of both scales were made. A positive correlation was found between the EMIC-CSS and the SDS total scores (r?=?0.41). Cronbach's alphas of 0.83 and 0.87 were found for the EMIC-CSS and SDS. The exploratory factor analysis indicated for both scales an adequate fit as unidimensional scale. A standard error of measurement of 2.38 was found in the EMIC-CSS and of 1.78 in the SDS. The test-retest reliability coefficient was respectively, 0.84 and 0.75. No floor or ceiling effects were found. Conclusions/significance According to current international standards, our findings indicate that the EMIC-CSS and the SDS have adequate cultural validity to assess social stigma in leprosy in the Bahasa Indonesia-speaking population of Cirebon District. We believe the scales can be further improved, for instance, by adding, changing and rephrasing certain items. Finally, we provide suggestions for use with other neglected tropical diseases. PMID:25376007

Peters, Ruth M. H.; Dadun; Van Brakel, Wim H.; Zweekhorst, Marjolein B. M.; Damayanti, Rita; Bunders, Joske F. G.; Irwanto

2014-01-01

193

Validation of Scores on the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale and the Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (MCSDS), the most commonly used social desirability bias (SDB) assessment, conceptualizes SDB as an individuals need for approval. The Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding (BIDR) measures SDB as two separate constructs: impression management and self-deception. Scores on SDB scales are commonly used to validate other measures although insufficiently validated themselves. This study used college students

Walter L. Leite; S. Natasha Beretvas

2005-01-01

194

The Social Thoughts and Beliefs Scale: Psychometric Properties and its Relation with Interpersonal Functioning in a Non-Clinical Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive theorists maintain that maladaptive cognitions play an important role in the formation and maintenance of social\\u000a anxiety disorder. The Social Thoughts and Beliefs Scale (STABS; Turner etal. Psychol Assessment 15:384391, 2003) was developed\\u000a to assess the broad domain of cognitions associated with social anxiety in a clinical sample. The present study with 469 college\\u000a students examined the applicability of

Thomas A. Fergus; David P. Valentiner; Hyun-Soo Kim; Katherine Stephenson

2009-01-01

195

Psychometric Properties of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale in a Longitudinal Study of Latinos with Anxiety Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) is one of the most commonly used measures of social anxiety symptoms. To date, no study has examined its psychometric properties in a Latino sample. The authors examined the reliability, temporal stability, and convergent validity of the LSAS in 73 Latinos diagnosed with an anxiety disorder. The original

Beard, Courtney; Rodriguez, Benjamin F.; Weisberg, Risa B.; Perry, Ashley; Keller, Martin B.

2012-01-01

196

A Small-Scale Randomized Efficacy Trial of Carescapes: Enhancing Children's Social Development in Child Care Homes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of the child care environment and caregiver practices can potentially have significant, lasting impact on children's social development. This study involves the development and a small-scale efficacy trial of the Carescapes program, a video-based training program that focuses on promoting positive social development in young children

Rusby, Julie C.; Smolkowski, Keith; Marquez, Brion; Taylor, Ted K.

2008-01-01

197

Rasch Calibration of Physical Activity Self-Efficacy and Social Support Scale for Persons with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the construct validity of the Self-Efficacy/Social Support for Activity for persons with Intellectual Disability (SE/SS-AID) scales developed by Peterson, Peterson, Lowe, & Nothwehr (2009). A total of 146 participants with intellectual disabilities completed 6 self-efficacy (SE) items and 18 social

Lee, Miyoung; Peterson, Jana J.; Dixon, Alicia

2010-01-01

198

Brief Report: The Social Responsiveness Scale for Adults (SRS-A)-- Initial Results in a German Cohort  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) is a tool for quantitative autism assessment in children and adolescents. The SRS-A addresses social responsiveness in adulthood. Reliability and validity using the German adaptation of the SRS-A was examined in 20 adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), 62 with other mental disorders (CLIN) and 163

Bolte, Sven

2012-01-01

199

Creating and Justifying Research and Development Value: Scope, Scale, Skill and Social Networking of R&D  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe a framework for analysing the creation and justification of Research & Development. The 4S framework is developed for analysing the scope, scale, skills and social network aspects of Research & Development value. The framework is based on social system theory, a process contingency model, and recent Research & Development metrics. We present a first empirical

Aard J. Groen; Weerd-Nederhof de Petra C; Inge C. Kerssens-van Drongelen; Rob A. J. Badoux; Gerard P. H. Olthuis

2002-01-01

200

Correlation between the Personal and Social Performance scale (PSP) and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) in a Greek sample of patients with schizophrenia  

PubMed Central

Background Psychosocial dysfunction is one of schizophrenias core features, often leading to a deprecation of independent living and significant failure to maintain a competent quality of life. Cognitive and occupational performance as well as psychosocial functioning is moreover recognized as determinants of treatment response. Therefore, the elaboration of measures regarding social performance besides scales that assess psychopathology is essential. The Personal and Social Performance (PSP) scale has been found to be as much valid as reliable for assessing social functioning in the acute and stable stage of schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to estimate the correlation between the PSP and Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) (convergent validity) in patients with schizophrenia during routine clinical practice. Methods A longitudinal study with a six-month follow-up is presented. Correlation between the PSP scale and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) was conducted in a Greek sample of 2010 patients with schizophrenia in outpatient setting in two successive visits. PANSS and PSP scales were used for the assessment of psychopathological symptoms and social and personal functioning. Results The PSP subscales scores were well correlated with each other with Spearman correlation coefficients (r) ranging from 0.56 to 0.76 on both visits in three out of the four main areas, whereas in the category of disturbing and aggressive behavior the correlations were lower but still significant. Furthermore, total PSP score showed high association to PANSS total score in the first (r?=?-0.59) as well as in the second visit (r?=?-0.50). Regression analysis showed that one point decrease of PANSSs total score is associated with a 0.42 points increase on the PSP scale. PSP and PANSS scales exhibited high convergent validity. Conclusions The PSP could provide additional valuable information in the assessment of schizophrenia related social functioning and treatment response. PMID:25005616

2014-01-01

201

Psychometric evaluation of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents and the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory for Children: construct validity and normative data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A) and Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory for Children (SPAI-C) in a sample of 1147 adolescents aged 1317 years. The fit indices of confirmatory factor analyses were comparable to those obtained in prior studies and supported the hypothesized models of the SAS-A and SPAI-C. The internal consistency

Eric A. Storch; Carrie Masia-Warner; Heather C. Dent; Jonathan W. Roberti; Paige H. Fisher

2004-01-01

202

Exploring the low-energy landscape of large-scale signed social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Analogously to a spin glass, a large-scale signed social network is characterized by the presence of disorder, expressed in this context (and in the social network literature) by the concept of structural balance. If, as we have recently shown, the signed social networks currently available have a limited amount of true disorder (or frustration), it is also interesting to investigate how this frustration is organized, by exploring the landscape of near-optimal structural balance. What we obtain in this paper is that while one of the networks analyzed shows a unique valley of minima, and a funneled landscape that gradually and smoothly worsens as we move away from the optimum, another network shows instead several distinct valleys of optimal or near-optimal structural balance, separated by energy barriers determined by internally balanced subcommunities of users, a phenomenon similar to the replica-symmetry breaking of spin glasses. Multiple, essentially isoenergetic, arrangements of these communities are possible. Passing from one valley to another requires one to destroy the internal arrangement of these balanced subcommunities and then to reform it again. It is essentially this process of breaking the internal balance of the subcommunities which gives rise to the energy barriers.

Facchetti, G.; Iacono, G.; Altafini, C.

2012-09-01

203

Assessing Autistic Traits in a Taiwan Preschool Population: Cross-Cultural Validation of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The cross-cultural validity of the Mandarin-adaptation of the social responsiveness scale (SRS) was examined in a sample of N = 307 participants in Taiwan, 140 typically developing and 167 with clinically-diagnosed developmental disorders. This scale is an autism assessment tool that provides a quantitative rather than categorical measure of

Wang, Jessica; Lee, Li-Ching; Chen, Ying-Sheue; Hsu, Ju-Wei

2012-01-01

204

Confirmatory Factor Analyses of the Full and Short Versions of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the years, researchers have developed various short versions of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (D. P. Crowne & D. Marlowe, 1960). The authors used confirmatory factor analyses (J. L. Arbuckle, 1997) as well as item and scale analyses to evaluate the adequacy of the full version and various short versions. Overall, the results from 232 Canadian undergraduates showed (a)

Robert Loo; Karran Thorpe

2000-01-01

205

Measuring disability in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome: reliability and validity of the Work and Social Adjustment Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundDisability is a defining feature of chronic conditions, and it is an increasingly used measure of therapy effectiveness. The Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS) is a simple and clear measure of disability. Although the scale is widely used, no study has yet investigated its psychometric properties in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS).

Matteo Cella; Michael Sharpe; Trudie Chalder

2011-01-01

206

Social Functioning in Chinese College Students with and without Schizotypal Personality Traits: An Exploratory Study of the Chinese Version of the First Episode Social Functioning Scale  

PubMed Central

Objectives The First Episode Social Functioning Scale (FESFS) was designed to measure social functioning of young individuals with schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to validate a Chinese version of the FESFS in a sample of young Chinese adults. Method The FESFS was translated to Chinese prior to being administered to 1576 college students. The factor structure, reliability, and validity of the scale were examined. Results Two items were deleted after item analysis and the internal consistency of the whole scale was .89. A six-factor structure was derived by exploratory factor analysis. The factors were interpersonal, family and friends, school, living skills, intimacy, and balance. Estimates of the structural equation model supported this structure, with Goodness of Fit Chi-Square ?2?=?1097.53 (p<0.0001), the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA)?=?0.058, and the comparative fit index (CFI)?=?0.93. Scale validity was supported by significant correlations between social functioning factors scores and schizophrenia personality questionnaire (SPQ) scores. Individuals with schizotypal personality features presented poorer social functioning than those without schizotypal personality features. Conclusions The Chinese revised version of the FESFS was found to have good psychometric properties and could be used in the future to examine social functioning in Chinese college students. PMID:23690922

Wang, Yi; Yeh, Ya-hsuan; Tsang, Sin-man; Liu, Wen-hua; Shi, Hai-song; Li, Zhi; Shi, Yan-fang; Wang, Ya; Wang, Yu-na; Lui, Simon S. Y.; Neumann, David L.; Shum, David H. K.; Chan, Raymond C. K.

2013-01-01

207

The Social Orienting Continuum and Response Scale (SOC-RS): A dimensional measure for preschool-aged children  

PubMed Central

Children with autism show deficits in social orienting, joint attention, orienting to their names, and social smiling as early as the first year of life. The present study describes the development of the Social Orienting Continuum and Response Scale (SOC-RS), a quantitative scale that is designed to be used in the context of video-recorded Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) sessions. The SOC-RS was shown to be reliable and valid, and when applied to a longitudinal sample of children with autism studied at 2 and 4 years of age, was shown to be sensitive to decreased levels of social referencing, joint attention, orientating to name, and social smiling in autism. The implications of these findings and potential applications of the SOC-RS are discussed. PMID:18648919

Mosconi, M.W.; Reznick, J.S.; Mesibov, G.; Piven, J.

2011-01-01

208

The Social Orienting Continuum and Response Scale (SOC-RS): a dimensional measure for preschool-aged children.  

PubMed

Children with autism show deficits in social referencing, joint attention, orienting to their names, and social smiling as early as the first year of life. The present study describes the development of the Social Orienting Continuum and Response Scale (SOC-RS), a quantitative scale assessing each of these behaviors during the course of video-recorded Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) sessions. The SOC-RS was shown to be reliable and valid, and when applied to a longitudinal sample of children studied at 2 and 4 years of age, was shown to be sensitive to decreased levels of social referencing, joint attention, orienting to name, and social smiling in autism. The implications of these findings and potential applications of the SOC-RS are discussed. PMID:18648919

Mosconi, Matthew W; Steven Reznick, J; Mesibov, Gary; Piven, Joseph

2009-02-01

209

Relationship classification in large scale online social networks and its impact on information propagation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we study two tightly coupled topics in online social networks (OSN): relationship classification and information propagation. The links in a social network often reflect social relationships among users. In this work, we first investigate identifying the relationships among social network users based on certain social network property and limited pre- known information. Social networks have been widely

Shaojie Tang; Jing Yuan; Xufei Mao; Xiang-Yang Li; Wei Chen; Guojun Dai

2011-01-01

210

Base rates of social skills acquisition/performance deficits, strengths, and problem behaviors: an analysis of the Social Skills Improvement System--Rating Scales.  

PubMed

Base rate information is important in clinical assessment because one cannot know how unusual or typical a phenomenon is without first knowing its base rate in the population. This study empirically determined the base rates of social skills acquisition and performance deficits, social skills strengths, and problem behaviors using a nationally representative sample of children and adolescent ages 3-18 years. Using the national standardization sample of the Social Skills Improvement System--Rating Scales (N = 4,550) across 3 informants (teacher, parent, and student) and across 3 broad age groupings (3-5 years, 5-12 years, and 13-18 years), these base rates were computed. Results showed that the base rates for social skills acquisition deficits and problem behaviors are extremely low in the general population. Base rates for social skills performance deficits and social skills strengths were considerably higher, with students in the 5- to 12-year-old age group reporting fewer performance deficits and more social skills strengths than older children (13-18 years). Teachers and parents reported more performance deficits and fewer social skills strengths across all age groups than students in the 5- to 12-year-old age group. These results are discussed in terms of the utility of base rate information in clinical decision making. PMID:20804259

Gresham, Frank M; Elliott, Stephen N; Kettler, Ryan J

2010-12-01

211

Are the unemployed equally unhappy all around the world? The role of the social norms to work and welfare state provision in 28 OECD countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines cross-national and temporal variations in the effect of personal unemployment on life satisfaction. To account for these variations we consider the social norm to work and national systems of unemployment benefits. Following the social psychological approach to social norms (Cialdini, Reno, & Kallgren, 1990) we differentiate between descriptive, societal injunctive and personal injunctive norms. We use the

Olga Stavrova; Thomas Schlsser; Detlef Fetchenhauer

2011-01-01

212

Anxiety in Relation to Social Support in a College Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined anxiety in relation to social support, gender, ethnicity, class standing and living situation in a college population. The Social Provisions Scale (Cutrona & Russell, 1987) was used to measure social support. Anxiety was measured by the state-anxiety subscale from the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Speilberger, 1970). Five hundred and thirty-one students returned the instrument packages (44% return rate).

Michele J. Hawkins

1995-01-01

213

Experimental evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks  

PubMed Central

Emotional states can be transferred to others via emotional contagion, leading people to experience the same emotions without their awareness. Emotional contagion is well established in laboratory experiments, with people transferring positive and negative emotions to others. Data from a large real-world social network, collected over a 20-y period suggests that longer-lasting moods (e.g., depression, happiness) can be transferred through networks [Fowler JH, Christakis NA (2008) BMJ 337:a2338], although the results are controversial. In an experiment with people who use Facebook, we test whether emotional contagion occurs outside of in-person interaction between individuals by reducing the amount of emotional content in the News Feed. When positive expressions were reduced, people produced fewer positive posts and more negative posts; when negative expressions were reduced, the opposite pattern occurred. These results indicate that emotions expressed by others on Facebook influence our own emotions, constituting experimental evidence for massive-scale contagion via social networks. This work also suggests that, in contrast to prevailing assumptions, in-person interaction and nonverbal cues are not strictly necessary for emotional contagion, and that the observation of others positive experiences constitutes a positive experience for people. PMID:24889601

Kramer, Adam D. I.; Guillory, Jamie E.; Hancock, Jeffrey T.

2014-01-01

214

Active and Social Data Curation: Reinventing the Business of Community-scale Lifecycle Data Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Effective long-term curation and preservation of data for community use has historically been limited to high-value and homogeneous collections produced by mission-oriented organizations. The technologies and practices that have been applied in these cases, e.g. relational data bases, development of comprehensive standardized vocabularies, and centralized support for reference data collections, are arguably applicable to the much broader range of data generated by the long tail of investigator-led research, with the logical conclusion of such an argument leading to the call for training, evangelism, and vastly increased funding as the best means of broadening community-scale data management. In this paper, we question this reasoning and explore how alternative approaches focused on the overall data lifecycle and the sociological and business realities of distributed multi-disciplinary research communities might dramatically lower costs, increase value, and consequently drive dramatic advances in our ability to use and re-use data, and ultimately enable more rapid scientific advance. Specifically, we introduce the concepts of active and social curation as a means to decrease coordination costs, align costs and values for individual data producers and data consumers, and improve the immediacy of returns for data curation investments. Further, we describe the specific architecture and services for active and social curation that are being prototyped within the Sustainable Environment - Actionable Data (SEAD) project within NSF's DataNet network and discuss how they are motivated by the long-tail dynamics in the cross-disciplinary sustainability research community.

McDonald, R. H.; Kumar, P.; Plale, B. A.; Myers, J.; Hedstrom, M. L.

2012-12-01

215

The alliance of adaptive behavior and social competence: an examination of relationship between the scales of Independent Behavior and the Social Skills Rating System.  

PubMed

This study examined the relationship between ratings of adaptive behavior and social competence in a population of 208 students in kindergarten through third grade with a variety of disabilities using the Scales of Independent Behavior (SIB; Bruininks, Woodcock, Weatherman, & Hill, 1984) and the Social Skills Rating System (SSRS; Gresham & Elliott, 1990). Moderate yet statistically significant relationships between the SIB adaptive behavior scores and the SSRS social competence scores were found, with strongest correlations occurring between the SSRS and the Social and Communication subscale (r = .51) and Work Skills subscale (r = .60) on the SIB. Weak to near zero correlations were found between the SIB adaptive behavior scores and SSRS Problem Behaviors scores. This investigation provides new evidence for the concurrent criterion-related validity of both the SIB and the SSRS. PMID:8190971

Merrell, K W; Popinga, M R

1994-01-01

216

The Construction and Validation of a Social Support Measure for SojournersThe Index of Sojourner Social Support (ISSS) Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on stress, coping, and cross-cultural adaptation has been frequently hampered by the use of inadequate and inappropriate measures of sojourner social support. An attempt is made here to develop an instrument that assesses social support in an acculturation context and integrates generic conceptualizations of the construct with the unique circumstances of a sojourning population. The construction and validation of

Andy S. J. Ong; Colleen Ward

2005-01-01

217

A small-scale randomized efficacy trial of Carescapes: Enhancing childrens social development in child care homes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quality of the child care environment and caregiver practices can potentially have significant, lasting impact on childrens social development. This study involves the development and a small-scale efficacy trial of the Carescapes program, a video-based training program that focuses on promoting positive social development in young children attending family child care. Fifty-seven caregivers who provided child care in their

Julie C. Rusby; Keith Smolkowski; Brion Marquez; Ted K. Taylor

2008-01-01

218

Effect of large-scale social marketing of insecticide-treated nets on child survival in rural Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Background Insecticide-treated nets have proven efficacy as a malaria-control tool in Africa. However, the transition from efficacy to effectiveness cannot be taken for granted. We assessed coverage and the effect on child survival of a large- scale social marketing programme for insecticide-treated nets in two rural districts of southern Tanzania with high perennial malaria transmission. Methods Socially marketed insecticide-treated

Joanna RM Armstrong Schellenberg; Salim Abdulla; Rose Nathan; Oscar Mukasa; Tanya J Marchant; Nassor Kikumbih; Adiel K Mushi; Haji Mponda; Happiness Minja; Hassan Mshinda; Marcel Tanner; Christian Lengeler

2001-01-01

219

Reliability, validity and ability to detect change of the Personal and Social Performance scale in patients with stable schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the measurement properties of the Personal and Social Performance scale (PSP), a clinician-reported measure of severity of personal and social dysfunction, in an outpatient population with stabilized schizophrenia. Pooled data from two similar antipsychotic clinical studies were analyzed (n=411). The PSP showed good testretest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient=0.79). The PSP was more highly correlated with the StraussCarpenter

Henry Nasrallah; PierLuigi Morosini; Dennis D. Gagnon

2008-01-01

220

The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale: a comparison of the psychometric properties of self-report and clinician-administered formats  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The clinician-administered version of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS-CA) is a commonly used assessment device for the evaluation of social anxiety disorder and has been shown to have strong psychometric characteristics. Because of its apparently straightforward rating format and potential savings in time and eort, interest in the use of the LSAS as a self-report (LSAS-SR) measure has

D. M. FRESCO; M. E. COLES; R. G. HEIMBERG; M. R. LIEBOWITZ; S. HAMI; M. B. STEIN; D. GOETZ

2001-01-01

221

Shorter communication Behavioral assessment of public-speaking anxiety using a modified version of the Social Performance Rating Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study aimed to extend the evaluation of the utility of the Social Performance Rating Scale (SPRS) (Behav. Res. Ther. 36 (1998) 995). We examined the utility of a modified SPRS for the behavioral assessment of public-speaking anxiety among patients with social phobia (n 49). The videotaped per- formance of public-speaking fearful patients in a public-speaking task was

Gerlinde C. Harb; Winnie Eng; Talia Zaider; Richard G. Heimberg

222

Wilderness Orientation: Exploring the Relationship between College Preorientation Programs and Social Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether students differ in reported levels of social support by different types of preorientation experiences (i.e., wilderness program, community service program, preseason athletics, or no preorientation participation) measured by the Campus-Focused Social Provisions Scale (CFSPS). Two colleges provide a sample (N =

Bell, Brent J.

2006-01-01

223

Psychometric Properties and Clinical Cut-Off Scores of the Spanish Version of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the reliability and validity evidence drawn from the scores of the Spanish version of the Slovenian-developed Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SASA; Puklek, 1997; Puklek & Vidmar, 2000) using a community sample (Study 1) and a clinical sample (Study 2). Confirmatory factor analysis in Study 1 replicated the 2-factor structure found by the original authors in a

Luis J. Garcia-Lopez; Cndido J. Ingls; Jos M. Garca-Fernndez; Mara D. Hidalgo; Rosa Bermejo; Melita Puklek Levpu?ek

2011-01-01

224

Preschool Children's Learning Behaviors, Concept Attainment, Social Skills, and Problem Behaviors: Validity Evidence for Preschool Learning Behaviors Scale Scores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides concurrent and predictive validity and test-retest reliability evidence for scores from the preschool teacher-completed Preschool Learning Behaviors Scale (PLBS; McDermott, Green, Francis, & Stott, 2002) using two regional samples of preschool children aged 3 to 5.5 years (Ns of 61 and 70). Teacher ratings of social skills and

Schaefer, Barbara A.; Shur, Kimberely Fitch; Macri-Summers, Maria; MacDonald, Scott L.

2004-01-01

225

Validation of the Personal and Social Performance (PSP) Scale in a German sample of acutely ill patients with schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In trying to more broadly define outcome in the efficient long-term treatment of patients with schizophrenia it is necessary to consider not only a reduction in psychopathological symptoms but also a successful psychosocial reintegration. Thus, a more exact assessment of psychosocial functioning is needed. Since the GAF (Global Assessment of Functioning) scale and the SOFAS (Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment

Georg Juckel; Daniela Schaub; Nina Fuchs; Ute Naumann; Idun Uhl; Henning Witthaus; Ludger Hargarter; Hans-Werner Bierhoff; Martin Brne

2008-01-01

226

The Kohn Social Competence Scale and Kohn Symptom Checklist for the preschool child: A follow-up report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of the present paper is on two research instruments designed to assess the behavior of children in a preschool setting as well as on two factor-analytically derived dimensions of social-emotional functioning which the instruments measure. Previously developed rating scales for the assessment of personality functioning of preschool children (see Koch, 1942; Richards & Simons, 1941; Williams, 1935) have

Martin Kohn; William Alanson

1977-01-01

227

Relationship between probability of endorsement and social desirability scale value for a set of 2,824 personality statements  

Microsoft Academic Search

A group of 47 male and 48 female judges rated 2824 personality statements for social desirability using a 9-point rating scale. Another group of 110 male and 111 female Ss described themselves in terms of the same set of 2824 statements by answering each \\

Allen L. Edwards

1966-01-01

228

An Analysis of the Internal Structure of Levenson and Gottman's Social Competency Scale and Suggestions for Its Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some psychometric properties of Levenson and Gottman's (1978) social competency scale were examined using a large sample of college students. Confirmatory factor analyses revealed that the implicit two-factor structure (Assertion and Dating competency) did not fit the data substantially better than did alternative models and that there was only one major dimension of variation in the 18 items. Additional analyses

Calvin P. Garbin; Eric A. Robertson; Ira H. Bernstein

1986-01-01

229

Sexual Deception as a Social-Exchange Process: Development of a Behavior-Based Sexual Deception Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of deception in association with sexual encounters may take many forms, ranging from outright lies to more subtle, evasive manipulations. To address such deceptions, a behavior-based sexual deception scale was developed utilizing social exchange theory. Participants were 267 individuals associated with two large universities who were surveyed regarding different aspects of their sexual deceptive behaviors. In addition, items

William D. Marelich; Jessica Lundquist; Kimberly Painter; Mindy B. Mechanic

2008-01-01

230

Cross-informant agreement for ratings for social skill and problem behavior ratings: an investigation of the Social Skills Improvement System-Rating Scales.  

PubMed

One of the most consistent findings in rating scale research with children and adolescents is the modest agreement among different informants' ratings. The present study systematically explored patterns of agreement among teachers, parents/caregivers, and students in domains of social skills and problem behaviors using the Social Skills Improvement System-Rating Scales (SSIS-RS; F. M. Gresham & S. N. Elliott, 2008). Two subsamples from the normative sample of the SSIS-RS were used. The first sample of participants consisted of 168 students who had all 3 informants (parent, teacher, and self) complete the SSIS-RS scales, which was necessary to assess agreement across different raters. The second sample consisted of 164 students who had raters in a similar or same role (father-mother, teacher-teacher). The results replicated an extensive literature showing that cross-informant agreements for social skills and problem behaviors are weak to moderate. The current study invoked multitrait-multimethod logic to interpret the correlations among raters derived from different informants and showed that the convergent validity coefficients were consistently stronger than the discriminant validity correlations. Implications for assessment practices and future research are discussed. PMID:20230162

Gresham, Frank M; Elliott, Stephen N; Cook, Clayton R; Vance, Michael J; Kettler, Ryan

2010-03-01

231

A case study of social vulnerability mapping: issues of scale and aggregation  

E-print Network

This study uses geographic information systems to determine if the aggregation of census block data are better than census block group data for analyzing social vulnerability. This was done by applying a social vulnerability method that used census...

Burns, Gabriel Ryan

2009-05-15

232

Community-based social marketing at the neighborhood scale : sustainable behavior or neighborhood sustainability?  

E-print Network

Social marketing has long been used in the field of public health, but its application in the environmental world is only a decade old. Although McKenzie-Mohr and Smith's (1999) guide to "community-based social marketing" ...

Lightman, Deborah

2011-01-01

233

Social Theory and Poverty Reduction with Special Attention to Nigeria: Social-Institutional Explanation of Small-Scale Financial Institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Do institutions and social capital provide a viable means for advancing the goals of poverty reduction programs in low capacity states? This question has particular importance for Nigeria and Africa as a whole because of the poor performance of poverty reduction programs despite domestic and global efforts to reduce poverty in the continent. In this paper, I assess the usefulness

Osaore Aideyan

2011-01-01

234

Social Acknowledgment as a Victim or Survivor: A Scale to Measure a Recovery Factor of PTSD  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development and validation of a new measure of social acknowledgment as a victim or survivor is presented, whose items were derived from previous research on social recovery factors of post-traumatic stress disorder. The Social Acknowledgment Questionnaire (SAQ) was administered to nontreatment seeking traumatized persons178 former political prisoners in East Germany and 151 recently traumatized interpersonal crime victims. Principal components

Andreas Maercker; Julia Mller

2004-01-01

235

Computer Technology, Large-Scale Social Integration, and the Local Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A conceptual framework is proposed for studying variations in kind and extent of social integration and relatedness, such as those new communication technology may foster. Emphasis is on the contrast between direct and indirect social relationships. The framework is illustrated by consideration of potential social impacts of widespread

Calhoun, Craig

1986-01-01

236

A Semantics-based Approach to Large-Scale Mobile Social Networking  

E-print Network

Khan # Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011 Abstract Mobile ad hoc social networks are self effective and efficient solutions to social network construction, semantics-based user profile match- ing-built from real-world relationships, users in spontaneous mobile social networks are automat- ically grouped

Li, Juan "Jen"

237

Cross validation of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents in a high school sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social anxiety disorder in adolescents is increasingly recognized as a common condition that may precede onset of other mental health problems. However, few measures are currently available to screen for adolescent social anxiety, and little is known about their psychometric characteristics in school-based samples. To this end, the present study was undertaken as a psychometric cross validation of the Social

Mark G Myers; Murray B Stein; Gregory A Aarons

2002-01-01

238

The factor structure of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale for Children and Adolescents: development of a brief version.  

PubMed

The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale for Children and Adolescents (LSAS-CA-SR) is a validated instrument for the assessment of social anxiety in youth. The three main objectives of the present study were to (a) examine the factor structure of the LSAS-CA-SR; (b) to validate the factors against relevant personality measures, and (c) to create a brief and reliable version of the questionnaire. A total of 1,362 adolescents completed self-report measures of social anxiety, temperament, character and personality traits. The factor structure was examined using a combination of confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis. The analysis was conducted on both the anxiety and avoidance sub-scales, and identical items for both sub-scales were maintained. Two factors emerged: social interaction and school performance. These factors demonstrated high internal consistency and a significant correlation with relevant self-report measures. A brief version comprised of 14 items was highly correlated (0.96) with the full version. The new factor structure represents advancement over the previous efforts, and holds promise for efficient utilization of the LSAS-CA. PMID:23929395

Shachar, Iris; Aderka, Idan M; Gilboa-Schechtman, Eva

2014-06-01

239

Capacity Scaling of Wireless Social Networks Cheng Wang, Lu Shao, Zhong Li, Lei Yang, Xiang-Yang Li, Senior Member, IEEE, and Changjun Jiang  

E-print Network

1 Capacity Scaling of Wireless Social Networks Cheng Wang, Lu Shao, Zhong Li, Lei Yang, Xiang-Yang Li, Senior Member, IEEE, and Changjun Jiang Abstract--In this paper, we investigate capacity scaling networks to take the property of social networks into account. � Wang, Shao, Zhong Li, and Jiang

Li, Xiang-Yang

240

Test Review: Constantino, J. N., & Gruber, C. P. (2012). "Social Responsiveness Scale-Second Edition" ("SRS-2"). Torrance, CA: Western Psychological Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the Social Responsiveness Scale-Second Edition (SRS-2), a 65-item rating scale measuring deficits in social behavior associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), as outlined by the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (4th ed., text rev.; "DSM-IV-TR"; American Psychiatric Association,

Bruni, Teryn P.

2014-01-01

241

Validation of the multi-dimensional scale of perceived social support (MSPSS) and the relationship between social support, intimate partner violence and antenatal depression in Malawi  

PubMed Central

Background Lack of social support is an important risk factor for antenatal depression and anxiety in low- and middle-income countries. We translated, adapted and validated the Multi-dimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) in order to study the relationship between perceived social support, intimate partner violence and antenatal depression in Malawi. Methods The MSPSS was translated and adapted into Chichewa and Chiyao. Five hundred and eighty-three women attending an antenatal clinic were administered the MSPSS, depression screening measures, and a risk factor questionnaire including questions about intimate partner violence. A sub-sample of participants (n?=?196) were interviewed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV to diagnose major depressive episode. Validity of the MSPSS was evaluated by assessment of internal consistency, factor structure, and correlation with Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ) score and major depressive episode. We investigated associations between perception of support from different sources (significant other, family, and friends) and major depressive episode, and whether intimate partner violence was a moderator of these associations. Results In both Chichewa and Chiyao, the MSPSS had high internal consistency for the full scale and significant other, family, and friends subscales. MSPSS full scale and subscale scores were inversely associated with SRQ score and major depression diagnosis. Using principal components analysis, the MSPSS had the expected 3-factor structure in analysis of the whole sample. On confirmatory factor analysis, goodnessof-fit indices were better for a 3-factor model than for a 2-factor model, and met standard criteria when correlation between items was allowed. Lack of support from a significant other was the only MSPSS subscale that showed a significant association with depression on multivariate analysis, and this association was moderated by experience of intimate partner violence. Conclusions The MSPSS is a valid measure of perceived social support in Malawi. Lack of support by a significant other is associated with depression in pregnant women who have experienced intimate partner violence in this setting. PMID:24938124

2014-01-01

242

Development and Measurement through Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Young Adult Social Behavior Scale (YASB): An Assessment of Relational Aggression in Adolescence and Young Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Young Adult Social Behavior Scale was developed for the purpose of measuring self-reported relational and social aggression and behaviors of interpersonal maturity in adolescents and young adults (the sample included 629 university students; 66% female; 91.6% White). Despite previous research suggesting that relational and social aggression

Crothers, Laura M.; Schreiber, James B.; Field, Julaine E.; Kolbert, Jered B.

2009-01-01

243

Impacts of nomad sedentarization on social and ecological systems at multiple scales in Xinjiang Uyghur autonomous region, China.  

PubMed

China's government is now promoting the Nomad Sedentarization Project (NSP) in large areas of grassland as a solution for ecological restoration and poverty alleviation. To examine the effects of this policy, we conducted in-depth interviews at two of the project's sites and examined the social and ecological systems at village, county, and catchment scales in Jinghe County of Xinjiang. We found that (1) the NSP in one village greatly improved the household standard of living and changed their resource utilization modes; (2) the success in this village can be attributed to resources imported from the social and ecological systems at larger scales, and could not be repeated in a second nearby village with different constraints; and (3) the NSP is poorly adapted to local ecosystem characteristics, and may therefore have negative impacts at larger scales. To avoid these problems, holistic assessments are necessary to judge the NSP's impacts on social and ecological systems at multiple scales, and the program must be implemented cautiously to account for the potential risks in ecologically vulnerable areas. PMID:24092595

Fan, Mingming; Li, Wenjun; Zhang, Chengcheng; Li, Lanhai

2014-09-01

244

[The Electronic Health Information System (eGIS) of the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians (KBV): a basis for small-scale analyses of health-care provision].  

PubMed

As one of the main players in the German health system, the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians (KBV) is heavily involved in issues around research and planning for the current and future provision of medical care. The KBV is particularly concerned with tackling the challenge of establishing a uniform source of data and is working to bridge the"data divide" in the research and planning of medical care. To this end, it has developed the Electronic Health Information System (eGIS). The procedure for setting up the EGIS was as follows: (1) Merging externally available data from the relevant sectors of the German health system with the KBV's own data to form a single database. (2) Merging and aggregating the cross-sector data at a single small-scale geographical level. (3) Capturing several years' worth of data in order to be able to carry out time series analyses and identify trends. eGIS provides a single database and uniform evaluation methods, thus ensuring that the principles of homogeneity and comparability are adhered to. The access it gives to the available regionalized data facilitates comprehensive analyses, such as regional, time series and regression analyses, at a small-scale level. The design chosen for the eGIS ensures that its analyses achieve high consistency in answering questions related to the provision of medical care. With the help of the eGIS, an exceptionally broad range of issues in the field of health and medical care can be studied at a regional level. PMID:24469284

Kopetsch, T; John, S

2014-02-01

245

Environmental security as related to scale mismatches of disturbance patterns in a panarchy of social-ecological landscapes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental security, as the opposite of environmental fragility (vulnerability), is multilayered, multi-scale and complex,\\u000a existing in both the objective realm of biophysics and society, and the subjective realm of individual human perception. For\\u000a ecological risk assessments (ERAs), the relevant objects of environmental security are social-ecological landscapes (SELs).\\u000a ERAs, in this case, are less precise than traditional ERAs, but provide results

Giovanni Zurlini; Nicola Zaccarelli; Irene Petrosillo; Riitters H. Kurt

246

Revalidation of an Evidence-Based Practice Scale for Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to revalidate an existing measure of knowledge, attitudes, and use of evidence-based practice (EBP) developed for medical students. Adapted to reflect social work, questionnaires were obtained from undergraduate and graduate social work students ("n"?=?134) and field instructors ("n"?=?50). All 4

Mathiesen, Sally G.; Hohman, Melinda

2013-01-01

247

Development and Validation of the Adolescent Racial and Ethnic Socialization Scale (ARESS) in African American Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Racial and ethnic socialization are an integral part of African American parenting strategies. Varied conceptualizations and operationalizations of racial and ethnic socialization exist within the literature with limited evidence of the validity of existing measures. The purpose of this study is to develop a comprehensive definition of racial and

Brown, Tiffany L.; Krishnakumar, Ambika

2007-01-01

248

Trade, Conflict and Sentiments: Multi-relational Organization of Large-scale Social Networks  

E-print Network

The capacity to collect fingerprints of individuals in online media has revolutionized the way researchers explore human society. Social systems can be seen as a non-linear superposition of a multitude of complex social networks, where nodes represent individuals and links capture a variety of different social relations. Much emphasis has been put on the network topology of social interactions, however, the multi-dimensional nature of these interactions has largely been ignored in empirical studies, mostly because of lack of data. Here, for the first time, we analyze a complete, multi-relational, large social network of a society consisting of the 300,000 odd players of a massive multiplayer online game. We extract networks of six different types of one-to-one interactions between the players. Three of them carry a positive connotation (friendship, communication, trade), three a negative (enmity, armed aggression, punishment). We first analyze these types of networks as separate entities and find that negativ...

Szell, Michael; Thurner, Stefan

2010-01-01

249

Measuring large-scale social networks with high resolution. WORKING PAPER  

E-print Network

This paper describes the deployment of a large study designed to collect data about human interactions with unprecedented temporal resolution and depth, both in terms of duration and number of distinct channels. To collect this data, we use state-of-the-art smartphones as social sensors. We collect data on face-to-face interactions, telecommunication, social networks, geolocation, and background information for a densely connected and coherent population of 1,000 individuals. From a basic science perspective, our motivation is to advance the understanding of highly connected social systems. Building from our densely sampled system, we are interested understanding what working on subsamples implies for results on social network analysis; we explore this topic by comparing single-channel information with our layered picture of interactions. In terms of network science, we aim to expand our understanding of the dynamics of the social network, how it changes over time, and the causes and implications of the proce...

Stopczynski, Arkadiusz; Sapiezynski, Piotr; Cuttone, Andrea; Larsen, Jakob Eg; Lehmann, Sune

2014-01-01

250

A U.S. Human Well-being Index (HWBI) for Multiple Scales: Linking Services Provisioning to Human Well-being Endpoints (2000-2010)  

EPA Science Inventory

objective of this report is to characterize well-being at multiple scales in order to evaluate the relationship of service flows in terms of sustainable well-being. The HWBI results presented represent snapshot assessments for the 2000-2010 time period. Based on the spatial and t...

251

FINE-SCALE GENETIC STRUCTURE AND SOCIAL ORGANIZATION IN FEMALE WHITE-TAILED DEER  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Social behavior of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) can have important,management,implications. The formation,of matrilineal social groups among,female deer has been documented,and management,strategies have been proposed,based on this well-developed social structure. Using radiocollared,(n = 17) and hunter or vehi- cle-killed (n = 21) does, we examined spatial and genetic structure in white-tailed deer on a 7,000-ha portion of the Savannah River

CHRISTOPHER E. COMER; JOHN C. KILGO; GINO J. D'ANGELO; TRAVIS C. GLENN; KARL V. MILLER; DeWoody

2005-01-01

252

Competing Through Information Provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the competition between sellers who choose how much information to provide to potential buyers. We analyse the symmetric equilibria in information provision of a game in which two sellers with unit supplies compete to attract two buyers with unit demands. Sellers compete ex ante; they commit to a level of information provision and to a sale mechanism

Jean Guillaume Forand

2007-01-01

253

Intervention Validity of Social Behavior Rating Scales: Features of Assessments that Link Results to Treatment Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The term "intervention validity" refers to the extent to which assessment results can be used to guide the selection of interventions and evaluation of outcomes. In this article, the authors review the defining attributes of rating scales that distinguish them from other assessment tools, assumptions regarding the use of rating scales to measure

Elliott, Stephen N.; Gresham, Frank M.; Frank, Jennifer L.; Beddow, Peter A., III

2008-01-01

254

The Compassion Fatigue Scale: Its Use With Social Workers Following Urban Disaster  

PubMed Central

Objective The present study has two goals: to assess the difference between secondary trauma and job burnout and to examine the utility of secondary trauma in predicting psychological distress. Method The data come from a survey of social workers (N = 236) living in New York City 20 months following the September 11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center (WTC). Results Social workers involvement in WTC recovery efforts is related to secondary trauma but not burnout. Analyses also reveal that both secondary trauma and burnout are related to psychological distress after controlling for other risk factors. Conclusion This study supports the importance of compassion fatigue as a risk factor for social workers counseling traumatized clients and its association with psychological problems. PMID:18458750

Adams, Richard E.; Figley, Charles R.; Boscarino, Joseph A.

2008-01-01

255

Application of cognitive interviewing to improve self-administered questionnaires used in small scale social pharmacy research.  

PubMed

Validating questionnaires for social pharmacy research with smaller sample sizes can be unnecessarily time-consuming and costly, a solution to this is cognitive interviewing with 2 interviews per iteration. This paper shows how cognitive interviewing with pairs of interviews per iteration of the questionnaire can be used to identify overt and covert issues with comprehension, retrieval, judgment and response experienced by respondents when attempting to answer a question or navigate around the questionnaire. When used during questionnaire development in small scale social pharmacy research studies cognitive interviewing can reduce both respondent burden and response error and should result in more reliable survey results. The process of cognitive interviewing is illustrated by a case study from the development of the Perspectives on Progesterone questionnaire. PMID:23871225

Spark, M Joy; Willis, Jon

2014-01-01

256

Validation of a Brief Quantitative Measure of Autistic Traits: Comparison of the Social Responsiveness Scale with the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of the broader autism phenotype, and of subtle changes in autism symptoms over time, have been compromised by a lack of established quantitative assessment tools. The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRSformerly known as the Social Reciprocity Scale) is a new instrument that can be completed by parents and\\/or teachers in 1520 minutes. We compared the SRS with the Autism Diagnostic

John N. Constantino; Sandra A. Davis; Richard D. Todd; Matthew K. Schindler; Maggie M. Gross; Susan L. Brophy; Lisa M. Metzger; Christiana S. Shoushtari; Reagan Splinter; Wendy Reich

2003-01-01

257

Social desirability and responses to items from three MMPI scales: D, Sc, and K  

Microsoft Academic Search

For random samples of 25 D and 32 Sc items, and for 29 of the 30 K items, ratings of social desirability were correlated with the probabilities that the items would be endorsed when the MMPI was used as a personality test (based on proportion of a college student sample actually endorsing each item). The correlations were .82 and .89

Charles Hanley

1956-01-01

258

The Compassion Fatigue Scale: Its Use with Social Workers Following Urban Disaster  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The present study has two goals: to assess the difference between secondary trauma and job burnout and to examine the utility of secondary trauma in predicting psychological distress. Method: The data come from a survey of social workers (N = 236) living in New York City 20 months following the September 11 terrorist attacks on the

Adams, Richard E.; Figley, Charles R.; Boscarino, Joseph A.

2008-01-01

259

Social Aspects of Photobooks: Improving Photobook Authoring from Large-Scale Multimedia Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With photo albums we aim to capture personal events such as weddings, vacations, and parties of family and friends. By arranging photo prints, captions and paper souvenirs such as tickets over the pages of a photobook we tell a story to capture and share our memories. The photo memories captured in such a photobook tell us much about the content and the relevance of the photos for the user. The way in which we select photos and arrange them in the photo album reveal a lot about the events, persons and places on the photos: captions describe content, closeness and arrangement of photos express relations between photos and their content and especially about the social relations of the author and the persons present in the album. Nowadays the process of photo album authoring has become digital, photos and texts can be arranged and laid out with the help of authoring tools in a digital photo album which can be printed as a physical photobook. In this chapter we present results of the analysis of a large repository of digitally mastered photobooks to learn about their social aspects. We explore to which degree a social aspect can be identified and how expressive and vivid different classes of photobooks are. The photobooks are anonymized, real world photobooks from customers of our industry partner CeWe Color. The knowledge gained from this social photobook analysis is meant both to better understand how people author their photobooks and to improve the automatic selection of and layout of photobooks.

Sandhaus, Philipp; Boll, Susanne

260

Validation of the Scale of Racial Socialization for African American Adolescents: Steps toward Multidimensionality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the factor structure of a measure of racial socialization attitudes for African American adolescents to determine whether the components of the construct are reliable and measure different phenomena. Four factors, based on research with 200 inner-city adolescents, were found to be very meaningful and moderately reliable. Development

Stevenson, Howard C. Jr.

1994-01-01

261

The stability of the social desirability scale values in the Edwards Personal Preference Schedule  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a study of the Edwards Personal Preference Schedule (EPPS) among high school subjects and from varying socioeconomic status groups within the high school population, it was found that no differences existed among socio-economic groups within the high school as to the median value of their social desirability judgment on the items. There was also no difference found between grades

C. James Klett

1957-01-01

262

The Compassion Fatigue Scale: Its Use With Social Workers Following Urban Disaster  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The present study has two goals: to assess the difference between secondary trauma and job burnout and to examine the utility of secondary trauma in predicting psychological distress. Method: The data come from a survey of social workers (N = 236) living in New York City 20 months following the September 11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center

Richard E. Adams; Charles R. Figley; Joseph A. Boscarino

2007-01-01

263

Fine-scale genetic structure and cryptic associations reveal evidence of kin-based sociality in the African forest elephant.  

PubMed

Spatial patterns of relatedness within animal populations are important in the evolution of mating and social systems, and have the potential to reveal information on species that are difficult to observe in the wild. This study examines the fine-scale genetic structure and connectivity of groups within African forest elephants, Loxodonta cyclotis, which are often difficult to observe due to forest habitat. We tested the hypothesis that genetic similarity will decline with increasing geographic distance, as we expect kin to be in closer proximity, using spatial autocorrelation analyses and Tau K(r) tests. Associations between individuals were investigated through a non-invasive genetic capture-recapture approach using network models, and were predicted to be more extensive than the small groups found in observational studies, similar to fission-fusion sociality found in African savanna (Loxodonta africana) and Asian (Elephas maximus) species. Dung samples were collected in Lop National Park, Gabon in 2008 and 2010 and genotyped at 10 microsatellite loci, genetically sexed, and sequenced at the mitochondrial DNA control region. We conducted analyses on samples collected at three different temporal scales: a day, within six-day sampling sessions, and within each year. Spatial autocorrelation and Tau K(r) tests revealed genetic structure, but results were weak and inconsistent between sampling sessions. Positive spatial autocorrelation was found in distance classes of 0-5 km, and was strongest for the single day session. Despite weak genetic structure, individuals within groups were significantly more related to each other than to individuals between groups. Social networks revealed some components to have large, extensive groups of up to 22 individuals, and most groups were composed of individuals of the same matriline. Although fine-scale population genetic structure was weak, forest elephants are typically found in groups consisting of kin and based on matrilines, with some individuals having more associates than observed from group sizes alone. PMID:24505381

Schuttler, Stephanie G; Philbrick, Jessica A; Jeffery, Kathryn J; Eggert, Lori S

2014-01-01

264

Fine-Scale Genetic Structure and Cryptic Associations Reveal Evidence of Kin-Based Sociality in the African Forest Elephant  

PubMed Central

Spatial patterns of relatedness within animal populations are important in the evolution of mating and social systems, and have the potential to reveal information on species that are difficult to observe in the wild. This study examines the fine-scale genetic structure and connectivity of groups within African forest elephants, Loxodonta cyclotis, which are often difficult to observe due to forest habitat. We tested the hypothesis that genetic similarity will decline with increasing geographic distance, as we expect kin to be in closer proximity, using spatial autocorrelation analyses and Tau Kr tests. Associations between individuals were investigated through a non-invasive genetic capture-recapture approach using network models, and were predicted to be more extensive than the small groups found in observational studies, similar to fission-fusion sociality found in African savanna (Loxodonta africana) and Asian (Elephas maximus) species. Dung samples were collected in Lop National Park, Gabon in 2008 and 2010 and genotyped at 10 microsatellite loci, genetically sexed, and sequenced at the mitochondrial DNA control region. We conducted analyses on samples collected at three different temporal scales: a day, within six-day sampling sessions, and within each year. Spatial autocorrelation and Tau Kr tests revealed genetic structure, but results were weak and inconsistent between sampling sessions. Positive spatial autocorrelation was found in distance classes of 05 km, and was strongest for the single day session. Despite weak genetic structure, individuals within groups were significantly more related to each other than to individuals between groups. Social networks revealed some components to have large, extensive groups of up to 22 individuals, and most groups were composed of individuals of the same matriline. Although fine-scale population genetic structure was weak, forest elephants are typically found in groups consisting of kin and based on matrilines, with some individuals having more associates than observed from group sizes alone. PMID:24505381

Schuttler, Stephanie G.; Philbrick, Jessica A.; Jeffery, Kathryn J.; Eggert, Lori S.

2014-01-01

265

A VALIDATION OF THE CROWNE-MARLOWE SOCIAL DESIRABILITY SCALE Timothy P. Johnson, Survey Research Laboratory, Univ. of Illinois at Chicago; and  

E-print Network

information that is colored by social desirability concerns is best conceptualized as a personality trait.1 The Classic Social Desirability Interpretation Belief that the CM scale is able to identify persons, a finding that has been interpreted as evidence of underreporting of undesirable qualities by persons

Illinois at Chicago, University of

266

A Study to Develop a Scale for Determining the Social Acceptance Levels of Special-Needs Students, Participating in Inclusion Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to develop a scale of social acceptance for determining the social acceptance levels of special-needs students, participating in inclusion practices. The target population of the research is 8th grade students of all primary schools in the provincial center of Burdur in the 2008 to 2009 academic year and the target study

Arslan, Erdinc; Sahbaz, Umit

2012-01-01

267

The Femininity Ideology Scale: Factor Structure, Reliability, Convergent and Discriminant Validity, and Social Contextual Variation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports on the psychometric properties of the Femininity Ideology Scale (FIS) from the responses of 407 undergraduate\\u000a participants in the USA. Factor analysis supported the five factor structure. Cronbach alpha coefficients of the factors and\\u000a total scale were adequate. Support for discriminant validity was found after examining the relationship between the FIS and\\u000a the Bem Sex Role Inventory,

Ronald Levant; Katherine Richmond; Stephen Cook; A. Tanner House; Maryse Aupont

2007-01-01

268

The social support appraisals (SSA) scale: Studies of reliability and validity  

Microsoft Academic Search

A scale of subjective appraisals of support (SS-A) was developed. Data from five student and five community samples indicated that the 23-item scale had good reliability, had adequate concurrent, convergent, and divergent validity with other perceived support measures, and showed predicted associations with measures of theoretically related antecedents (support network resources) and consequences (psychological well-being). These associations were typically at

Alan Vaux; Jeffrey Phillips; Lori Holly; Brian Thomson; Deirdre Williams; Doreen Stewart

1986-01-01

269

Brief Report: Excellent Agreement between Two Brief Autism Scales (Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder and Social Responsiveness Scale) Completed Independently by Parents and the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Agreement between the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) and two brief scales completed by parents was 93.1% for the Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder (CASD) and 89.7% for the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) in a sample of adolescents with suspected autism spectrum disorders. Our study is consistent with others showing that brief

Murray, Michael J.; Mayes, Susan Dickerson; Smith, Laura A.

2011-01-01

270

Ethical, Legal and Social Aspects of Brain-Implants Using Nano-Scale Materials and Techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nanotechnology is an important platform technology which will add new features like improved biocompatibility, smaller size,\\u000a and more sophisticated electronics to neuro-implants improving their therapeutic potential. Especially in view of possible\\u000a advantages for patients, research and development of nanotechnologically improved neuro implants is a moral obligation. However,\\u000a the development of brain implants by itself touches many ethical, social and legal

Francois Berger; Sjef Gevers; Ludwig Siep; Klaus-Michael Weltring

2008-01-01

271

A social I.E. scale for the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Keys were devised for scoring the Multiphasic to yield data comparable to those obtained by means of the Minnesota T-S-E Inventory. Scores obtained by use of the keys correlated -.72 (female students) and -.71 (male students) with T-S-E scores for Social I.E. (The negative scores were obtained because introversion is indicated by a high score on the Multiphasic and by

L. E. Drake

1946-01-01

272

A Large-Scale Study of MySpace: Observations and Implications for Online Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the characteristics of large online social net- works through an extensive analysis of over 1.9 mil- lion MySpace profiles in an effort to understand who is using these networks and how they are being used. We study MySpace through a comparative study over three different, but related, facets: (i) the sociability of users in MySpace based on relationship,

James Caverlee; Steve Webb

2008-01-01

273

Institutions and the provision of local services in Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing relevance of local governments in the provision of public services and the implementation of development policies increasingly require an attentive analysis of the determinants of governments performance at this scale. Among these determinants I analyze the impact of institutional factors in the provision of public goods at the municipal level in Mexico, and more specifically: the institutional capacity

Esteban Silva-Ochoa

2009-01-01

274

Associations Between Adolescents' Sexual Risk Behavior and Scores on Six Psychometric Scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to identify associations of six paper-and-pencil instruments with a composite index of sexual risk behavior among adolescents. Adolescents (N = 478) were sampled from community-based organizations, two homeless shelters, a detention center, and a drug treatment center. Participants completed a battery of 12 risk behavior questions and six scales: Attitudes Toward Prevention, Social Provision

Robert P. Pack; Richard A. Crosby; Janet S. St. Lawrence

2001-01-01

275

The British Sign Language Versions of the Patient Health Questionnaire, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item Scale, and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale  

PubMed Central

The present study is aimed to translate 3 widely used clinical assessment measures into British Sign Language (BSL), to pilot the BSL versions, and to establish their validity and reliability. These were the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale, and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS). The 3 assessment measures were translated into BSL and piloted with the Deaf signing population in the United Kingdom (n = 113). Participants completed the PHQ-9, GAD-7, WSAS, and Clinical Outcomes in Routine EvaluationOutcome Measure (CORE-OM) online. The reliability and validity of the BSL versions of PHQ-9, GAD-7, and WSAS have been examined and were found to be good. The construct validity for the PHQ-9 BSL version did not find the single-factor solution as found in the hearing population. The BSL versions of PHQ-9, GAD-7, and WSAS have been produced in BSL and can be used with the signing Deaf population in the United Kingdom. This means that now there are accessible mental health assessments available for Deaf people who are BSL users, which could assist in the early identification of mental health difficulties. PMID:23197315

Rogers, Katherine D.

2013-01-01

276

Adaptation and Psychometric Properties of the Self-Efficacy/Social Support for Activity for Persons with Intellectual Disability Scale (SE/SS-AID) in a Spanish Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: In this study we aimed to develop a Spanish version of the Self-Efficacy/Social Support Scales for Activity for persons with Intellectual Disability (SE/SS-AID). Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a sample of 117 individuals with intellectual disability (ID). The SE/SS-AID scales were translated into Spanish and their

Cuesta-Vargas, Antonio Ignacio; Paz-Lourido, Berta; Lee, Miyoung; Peterson-Besse, Jana J.

2013-01-01

277

The evolution of autism research: A study assessing the use of calibrated severity scores and the social responsiveness scale with implications for future data collections  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to analyze two instruments used in a large scale Autism genetics consortium. One instrument yields a Calibrated Severity Score (CSS) and involves a structured assessment that must be completed by a highly skilled and trained professional. The next instrument, Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), is a questionnaire that can be filled out by a parent

Alison C Vehorn

2012-01-01

278

A Validation and Reliability Study of Community Service Activities Scale in Turkey: A Social Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to test the reliability and validity of Community Service Activities Scale (CSAS) developed by Demir, Kaya and Tasdan (2012) with a view to identify perceptions of Faculty of Education students regarding community service activities. The participants of the study are 313 randomly chosen students who attend six

Demir, zden; Kaya, Halil Ibrahim; Tasdan, Murat

2014-01-01

279

The Social Distribution of Neighborhood-Scale Air Pollution and Monitoring Protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential for inequities between population subgroups in air pollution exposures and in regulatory protection because of small-scale intraurban differences in outdoor air pollution and air quality monitoring are studied here. The focus subgroups are blacks, Hispanics, whites, and the population living below poverty, with Tampa, FL, used as the case study area for quantitative analyses. A geographical database is

Amy L. Stuart; Sarntharm Mudhasakul; Watanee Sriwatanapongse; Lide Chen; Steven Hoff; Lingshuang Cai; Jacek Koziel; Brian Zelle; Kenneth Cowen; Bradley Goodwin; Darrell Joseph; Matthew Tefend; Jan Satola; Robert Kagann; Ram Hashmonay; Chester Spicer; Michael Holdren; Howard Mayfield; Edwin Barth; Tiina Reponen; Paul Succop; Ying Li; Achariya Suriyawong; Michael Daukoru; Ye Zhuang; Pratim Biswas; Rogan Magee; Ken Peebles; Marie-Claude St-Pierre; Antonio Ramirez; Richard Scheffe; Paul Solomon; Rudolf Husar; Tim Hanley; Mark Schmidt; Michael Koerber; Michael Gilroy; James Hemby; Nealson Watkins; Michael Papp; Joann Rice; Joe Tikvart; Ricard Valentinetti; Ilias Kavouras; Vicken Etyemezian; George Nikolich; John Gillies; Mark Sweeney; Michael Young; David Shafer; Saqib Mukhtar; Atilla Mutlu; Ronald Lacey; Calvin Parnell; Mohamed Serageldin; David Reeves

2009-01-01

280

Development of the Teenager Experience of Racial Socialization Scale: Correlates of Race-Related Socialization Frequency from the Perspective of Black Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

An adolescent's perspective of family race-related socialization is a novel way to understand racial identity and socialization experiences. This article reports on the development of the Teenager Experience of Racial Socialization (TERS), which asks students how often they receive socialization about managing racism, cultural pride, and spirituality. A factor analysis was conducted with 260 African American youth. The results revealed

Howard C. Stevenson; Rick Cameron; Teri Herrero-Taylor; Gwendolyn Y. Davis

2002-01-01

281

Scales  

ScienceCinema

Musical scales involve notes that, sounded simultaneously (chords), sound good together. The result is the left brain meeting the right brain ? a Pythagorean interval of overlapping notes. This synergy would suggest less difference between the working of the right brain and the left brain than common wisdom would dictate. The pleasing sound of harmony comes when two notes share a common harmonic, meaning that their frequencies are in simple integer ratios, such as 3/2 (G/C) or 5/4 (E/C).

Murray Gibson

2010-01-08

282

Insights into a spatially embedded social network from a large-scale snowball sample  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Much research has been conducted to obtain insights into the basic laws governing human travel behaviour. While the traditional travel survey has been for a long time the main source of travel data, recent approaches to use GPS data, mobile phone data, or the circulation of bank notes as a proxy for human travel behaviour are promising. The present study proposes a further source of such proxy-data: the social network. We collect data using an innovative snowball sampling technique to obtain details on the structure of a leisure-contacts network. We analyse the network with respect to its topology, the individuals' characteristics, and its spatial structure. We further show that a multiplication of the functions describing the spatial distribution of leisure contacts and the frequency of physical contacts results in a trip distribution that is consistent with data from the Swiss travel survey.

Illenberger, J.; Kowald, M.; Axhausen, K. W.; Nagel, K.

2011-12-01

283

RankMerging: Learning-to-rank in large-scale social networks (extended version)  

E-print Network

Uncovering unknown or missing links in social networks is a difficult task because of their sparsity, and because links may represent different types of relationships, characterized by different structural patterns. In this paper, we define a simple yet efficient supervised learning-to-rank framework, called RankMerging, which aims at combining information provided by various unsupervised rankings. As an illustration, we apply the method to the case of a cell phone service provider, which uses the network among its contractors as a learning set to discover links existing among users of its competitors. We show that our method substantially improves the performance of unsupervised metrics of classification. Finally, we discuss how it can be used with additional sources of data, including temporal or semantic information.

Tabourier, Lionel; Lambiotte, Renaud

2014-01-01

284

Decentralization of the provision of health services to people living with HIV\\/AIDS in rural China: the case of three counties  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is based on a large-scale household survey and in-depth interviews of key informants that was conducted in villages in three counties of two provinces in China. We assess the new decentralized service provision system for people living with HIV\\/AIDS in rural populations in China. Since 2003, new social assistance schemes, and, more importantly, decentralization of routine treatment and

Xiulan Zhang; Pierre Mige; Yurong Zhang

2011-01-01

285

Interactional Infrastructure in Rural Communities: Matching Training Needs and Provision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports some of the main lessons learnt from a collaborative project titled "Generating jobs in regional Tasmania: a social capital approach" investigating how two small rural Tasmanian communities could better match local training needs with training provision. The project was conducted within the context of the wider social, economic

Kilpatrick, Sue; Loechel, Barton

2004-01-01

286

The Swedish version of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support (MSPSS) - a psychometric evaluation study in women with hirsutism and nursing students  

PubMed Central

Background The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) is a short instrument, developed to assess perceived social support. The original English version has been widely used. The original scale has demonstrated satisfactory psychometric properties in different settings, but no validated Swedish version has been available. The aim was therefore to translate, adapt and psychometrically evaluate the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support for use in a Swedish context. Method In total 281 participants accepted to join the study, a main sample of 127 women with hirsutism and a reference sample of 154 nursing students. The MSPSS was translated and culturally adapted according to the rigorous official process approved by WHO. The psychometric evaluation included item analysis, evaluation of factor structure, known-group validity, internal consistency and reproducibility. Results The original three-factor structure was reproduced in the main sample of women with hirsutism. An equivalent factor structure was demonstrated in a cross-validation, based on the reference sample of nursing students. Known-group validity was supported and internal consistency was good for all scales (??=?0.91-0.95). The test-retest showed acceptable to very good reproducibility for the items (?w?=?0.58-0.85) and the scales (ICC?=?0.89-0.92; CCC?=?0.89-0.92). Conclusion The Swedish version of the MSPSS is a multidimensional scale with sound psychometric properties in the present study sample. The simple and short format makes it a useful tool for measuring perceived social support. PMID:24112950

2013-01-01

287

Coding Together at Scale: GitHub as a Collaborative Social Network  

E-print Network

GitHub is the most popular repository for open source code. It has more than 3.5 million users, as the company declared in April 2013, and more than 10 million repositories, as of December 2013. It has a publicly accessible API and, since March 2012, it also publishes a stream of all the events occurring on public projects. Interactions among GitHub users are of a complex nature and take place in different forms. Developers create and fork repositories, push code, approve code pushed by others, bookmark their favorite projects and follow other developers to keep track of their activities. In this paper we present a characterization of GitHub, as both a social network and a collaborative platform. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first quantitative study about the interactions happening on GitHub. We analyze the logs from the service over 18 months (between March 11, 2012 and September 11, 2013), describing 183.54 million events and we obtain information about 2.19 million users and 5.68 million repos...

Lima, Antonio; Musolesi, Mirco

2014-01-01

288

Digital Archiving of People Flow by Recycling Large-Scale Social Survey Data of Developing Cities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data on people flow has become increasingly important in the field of business, including the areas of marketing and public services. Although mobile phones enable a person's position to be located to a certain degree, it is a challenge to acquire sufficient data from people with mobile phones. In order to grasp people flow in its entirety, it is important to establish a practical method of reconstructing people flow from various kinds of existing fragmentary spatio-temporal data such as social survey data. For example, despite typical Person Trip Survey Data collected by the public sector showing the fragmentary spatio-temporal positions accessed, the data are attractive given the sufficiently large sample size to estimate the entire flow of people. In this study, we apply our proposed basic method to Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) PT data pertaining to developing cities around the world, and we propose some correction methods to resolve the difficulties in applying it to many cities and stably to infrastructure data.

Sekimoto, Y.; Watanabe, A.; Nakamura, T.; Horanont, T.

2012-07-01

289

Individual difference and social status predictors of anti-Semitism and racism US and Czech findings with the prejudice\\/tolerance and right wing authoritarianism scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship of individual difference and social status variables to outgroup bias was studied in the Czech Republic and the US Gough's prejudice\\/tolerance (Pr\\/To) and Altemeyer's right wing authoritarianism (RWA) scales were employed with social status variables of gender, age, economic level, and ethnicity in predicting anti-Semitism and racial bias. One hundred and eighty-eight Czech and 281 US participants were

Edward Dunbar; Lucie Simonova

2003-01-01

290

Development of the Teenager Experience of Racial Socialization Scale: Correlates of Race-Related Socialization Frequency from the Perspective of Black Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the development of the Teenager Experience of Racial Socialization, which examines how students receive socialization about managing racism, cultural pride, and spirituality. Its five components reflect major themes regarding racial socialization. Data from African American adolescents indicated that these components demonstrated

Stevenson, Howard C., Jr.; Cameron, Rick; Herrero-Taylor, Teri; Davis, Gwendolyn Y.

2002-01-01

291

From Parasite Encounter to Infection: Multiple-Scale Drivers of Parasite Richness in a Wild Social Primate Population  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Host parasite diversity plays a fundamental role in ecological and evolutionary processes, yet the factors that drive it are still poorly understood. A variety of processes, operating across a range of spatial scales, are likely to influence both the probability of parasite encounter and subsequent infection. Here, we explored eight possible determinants of parasite richness, comprising rainfall and temperature at the population level, ranging behavior and home range productivity at the group level, and age, sex, body condition, and social rank at the individual level. We used a unique dataset describing gastrointestinal parasites in a terrestrial subtropical vertebrate (chacma baboons, Papio ursinus), comprising 662 faecal samples from 86 individuals representing all age-sex classes across two groups over two dry seasons in a desert population. Three mixed models were used to identify the most important factor at each of the three spatial scales (population, group, individual); these were then standardised and combined in a single, global, mixed model. Individual age had the strongest influence on parasite richness, in a convex relationship. Parasite richness was also higher in females and animals in poor condition, albeit at a lower order of magnitude than age. Finally, with a further halving of effect size, parasite richness was positively correlated to day range and temperature. These findings indicate that a range of factors influence host parasite richness through both encounter and infection probabilities, but that individual-level processes may be more important than those at the group or population level.

Benavides J. A.; Huchard, E.; Pettorelli, N.; King, A. J.; Brown, M. E.; Archer, C. E.; Appleton, C. C.; Raymond, M.; Cowlishaw, G.

2011-01-01

292

Physical appearance as a measure of social ranking: the role of a new scale to understand the relationship between weight and dieting.  

PubMed

This study presents the development of a new self-report instrument to assess how an individual perceives himself as social agent within his group having physical appearance as a reference, the Social Comparison through Physical Appearance Scale (SCPAS). This scale adds to the existent measures by assessing the social ranking based on one's physical appearance, and not the tendency to make comparisons of the general physical appearance or specific body parts. Its psychometric characteristics are investigated in a sample of 828 female participants from normal population. Principal components analysis was conducted for each part of the instrument: the Part A: peers shows a 2-factor structure (Attractiveness/Rank and Group Fit) explaining 72.142% of the variance; the Part B: models presents a one-dimensional structure that explains 69.191% of the variance. Findings show very good internal consistency coefficients and test-retest reliability. The two parts of the SCPAS are significantly associated to social comparison and shame measures, to anxiety, depression and stress indicators, and to eating disorders symptomatology. The scale discriminates between a clinical sample of 91 patients with an eating disorder and a non-clinical sample of 102 participants. Regression analyses pointed out that social comparison through physical appearance with peers and models partially mediates the effect of the dissatisfaction with current weight on disordered eating, namely drive for thinness. PMID:21796733

Ferreira, Cludia; Pinto-Gouveia, Jos; Duarte, Cristiana

2013-01-01

293

Assessing Social Validity of School-Wide Positive Behavior Support Plans: Evidence for the Reliability and Structure of the Primary Intervention Rating Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides initial evidence for the reliability and structural validity of scores from the Primary Intervention Rating Scale (Lane, Robertson, & Wehby, 2002), an adapted version of the Intervention Rating Profile-15 (Witt & Elliott, 1985) designed to assess faculty's perceptions of social validity of primary prevention plans prior to

Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Kalberg, Jemma Robertson; Bruhn, Allison Leigh; Driscoll, Steven A.; Wehby, Joseph H.; Elliott, Stephen N.

2009-01-01

294

Evaluation of an Arabic Version of Children's Self-Report Social Skills Scale (CS[superscript 4]) Based on Item Response Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of Children's Self-report Social Skills Scale (CS[superscript 4]) using a generalized partial credit model (GPCM). Data from 722 primary school children (401 boys and 321 girls) responses, in Egypt, were analyzed using GPCM. The results indicated that the 21 items are

Hussein, Mohamed Habashy

2010-01-01

295

A social competence scale and symptom checklist for the preschool child: Factor dimensions, their cross-instrument generality, and longitudinal persistence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developed and tested 2 teacher rating instruments, the Social Competence Scale and the Symptom Checklist. Ss were 407 3-5 yr. old preschool children in public day care centers. Factor analysis showed modest to moderate longitudinal persistence over an 18-mo period within day care (n = 486) and over an 18-mo period from day care to elementary school (n = 323).

Martin Kohn; Bernice L. Rosman

1972-01-01

296

A Factor Analytic Study of the Loneliness and Social Dissatisfaction Scale in a Sample of African-American and Hispanic-American Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Loneliness and Social Dissatisfaction Scale (LSDS) in a sample of African-American and Hispanic-American children. Participants were a non-clinical sample (N = 186) of children ages 11 to 13 in the fifth and sixth grades in a school in the Metropolitan New York area. Confirmatory factor

Bagner, Daniel M.; Storch, Eric A.; Roberti, Jonathan W.

2004-01-01

297

Climate change will bring economic, social and environmental costs at scales beyond any other human experience (IARU, 2009). Studies imply that humanity  

E-print Network

Climate change will bring economic, social and environmental costs at scales beyond any other human dangerous climate change. On the other hand, it lacks ambition. Its instruments mostly rely on complicated Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) which shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize with former Vice President Al

Kammen, Daniel M.

298

Developing a Change-Sensitive Brief Behavior Rating Scale as a Progress Monitoring Tool for Social Behavior: An Example Using the Social Skills Rating System--Teacher Form  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has been unsuccessful at revealing an analogue to curriculum-based measurement in the area of progress monitoring for social behavior. As a result, there is a need to develop change-sensitive, technically adequate, feasible progress monitoring tools for social behavior that represent general outcome measures of performance. The purpose of

Gresham, Frank M.; Cook, Clayton R.; Collins, Tai; Dart, Evan; Rasetshwane, Kutlo; Truelson, Erica; Grant, Stephanie

2010-01-01

299

Base Rates of Social Skills Acquisition/Performance Deficits, Strengths, and Problem Behaviors: An Analysis of the Social Skills Improvement System-Rating Scales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Base rate information is important in clinical assessment because one cannot know how unusual or typical a phenomenon is without first knowing its base rate in the population. This study empirically determined the base rates of social skills acquisition and performance deficits, social skills strengths, and problem behaviors using a nationally

Gresham, Frank M.; Elliott, Stephen N.; Kettler, Ryan J.

2010-01-01

300

The De Jong Gierveld short scales for emotional and social loneliness: tested on data from 7 countries in the UN generations and gender surveys  

PubMed Central

Loneliness concerns the subjective evaluation of the situation individuals are involved in, characterized either by a number of relationships with friends and colleagues which is smaller than is considered desirable (social loneliness), as well as situations where the intimacy in confidant relationships one wishes for has not been realized (emotional loneliness). To identify people who are lonely direct questions are not sufficient; loneliness scales are preferred. In this article, the quality of the three-item scale for emotional loneliness and the three-item scale for social loneliness has been investigated for use in the following countries participating in the United Nations Generations and Gender Surveys: France, Germany, the Netherlands, Russia, Bulgaria, Georgia, and Japan. Sample sizes for the 7 countries varied between 8,158 and 12,828. Translations of the De Jong Gierveld loneliness scale have been tested using reliability and validity tests including a confirmatory factor analysis to test the two-dimensional structure of loneliness. Test outcomes indicated for each of the countries under investigation reliable and valid scales for emotional and social loneliness, respectively. PMID:20730083

Van Tilburg, Theo

2010-01-01

301

The De Jong Gierveld short scales for emotional and social loneliness: tested on data from 7 countries in the UN generations and gender surveys.  

PubMed

Loneliness concerns the subjective evaluation of the situation individuals are involved in, characterized either by a number of relationships with friends and colleagues which is smaller than is considered desirable (social loneliness), as well as situations where the intimacy in confidant relationships one wishes for has not been realized (emotional loneliness). To identify people who are lonely direct questions are not sufficient; loneliness scales are preferred. In this article, the quality of the three-item scale for emotional loneliness and the three-item scale for social loneliness has been investigated for use in the following countries participating in the United Nations "Generations and Gender Surveys": France, Germany, the Netherlands, Russia, Bulgaria, Georgia, and Japan. Sample sizes for the 7 countries varied between 8,158 and 12,828. Translations of the De Jong Gierveld loneliness scale have been tested using reliability and validity tests including a confirmatory factor analysis to test the two-dimensional structure of loneliness. Test outcomes indicated for each of the countries under investigation reliable and valid scales for emotional and social loneliness, respectively. PMID:20730083

De Jong Gierveld, Jenny; Van Tilburg, Theo

2010-06-01

302

Test Review: F. M. Gresham & S. N. Elliott "Social Skills Improvement System Rating Scales." Minneapolis, Minnesota--NCS Pearson, 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Social Skills Improvement System" (SSIS; Gresham & Elliot, 2008) is designed to assist in the screening and classification of students (ages 8 to 18) who are suspected of having significant social skills deficits, and to offer support in the development of interventions for those found to display significant social skills impairments.

Crosby, James W.

2011-01-01

303

77 FR 54646 - Social Security Acquiescence Ruling (AR) 12-1(8); Correction; Petersen v. Astrue, 633 F.3d 633...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)--Title II of the Social Security Act AGENCY...in the first column, correct the ``title'' to read: Social Security Acquiescence...Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)--Title II of the Social Security Act....

2012-09-05

304

The Portuguese version of the Personal and Social Performance Scale (PSP): reliability, validity, and relationship with cognitive measures in hospitalized and community schizophrenia patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeDeficits in social functioning are a core feature of schizophrenia and are influenced by both symptomatic and neurocognitive\\u000a variables. In the present study we aimed to determine the reliability and validity of the Portuguese version of the Personal\\u000a and Social Performance (PSP) scale, and possible correlations with measures of cognitive functioning.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a MethodsOne-hundred and four community and inpatients with schizophrenia were

Sofia Brissos; Filipa Palhav; Joo Gama Marques; Susana Mexia; Ana Lisa Carmo; Manuel Carvalho; Ctia Dias; Joo Data Franco; Rita Mendes; Pedro Zuzarte; Ana Isabel Carita; Andrew Molodynski; Maria Luisa Figueira

305

Collaboration in Foundation Degree Provision: A Case Study in Kent  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health and Social Care Foundation Degree (FD HSC) development commenced at Canterbury Christ Church University (CCCU) in 2005: the university already had a variety of validated programmes of this design, thus this new provision was able to draw on expertise of proven worth in the local economy. Over the past two years this programme has expanded

Thurgate, Claire; MacGregor, Janet

2008-01-01

306

Validation of a Brief Quantitative Measure of Autistic Traits: Comparison of the Social Responsiveness Scale with the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study compared the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) with the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised in 61 children (ages 4-16) with autism. Correlations between the test scores for DSM-IV criterion sets were on the order of 0.7. SRS scores were unrelated to I.Q. and exhibited inter-rater reliability on the order of 0.8. (Contains references.)

Constantino, John N.; Davis, Sandra A.; Todd, Richard D.; Schindler, Matthew K.; Gross, Maggie M.; Brophy, Susan L.; Metzger, Lisa M.; Shoushtari, Christiana S.; Splinter, Reagan; Reich, Wendy

2003-01-01

307

An Item and Factor Analysis of Danish, Lebanese and United States College Students' Responses to the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arabic, Danish and English versions of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale were administered to college students in Lebanon, Denmark and the United States. There were 200 Lebanese, 150 Danes and 200 Americans, each group divided evenly on the basis of sex. The mean raw scores of the Danes, Americans and Lebanese were 9.59, 12.45 and 19. 11, respectively. Separate item

Conrad Consalvi

1972-01-01

308

A Factor Analytic Study of the Loneliness and Social Dissatisfaction Scale in a Sample of African-American and Hispanic-American Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Loneliness and Social Dissatisfaction Scale (LSDS) in a sample of African-American and Hispanic-American children. Participants were a non-clinical sample (N = 186) of children ages 11 to 13 in the fifth and sixth grades in a school in the Metropolitan New York area. Confirmatory factor analyses revealed a two-factor model fits the

Daniel M. Bagner; Eric A. Storch; Jonathan W. Roberti

2004-01-01

309

INSTITUTE ON ASSETS & SOCIAL POLICY  

E-print Network

Social Security 10 Strengthen pension provisions 10 institute long-term care insurance 10 SupportINSTITUTE ON ASSETS & SOCIAL POLICY Tatjana Meschede Thomas M. Shapiro Laura Sullivan Jennifer Wheary LIVING LONGER ON LESS REPORT #3 #12;DevelopeD by: The Institute on Assets and Social Policy

Snider, Barry B.

310

Development and psychometric properties of a new social support scale for self-care in middle-aged patients with type II diabetes (S4-MAD)  

PubMed Central

Background Social support has proved to be one of the most effective factors on the success of diabetic self-care. This study aimed to develop a scale for evaluating social support for self-care in middle-aged patients (3060 years old) with type II diabetes. Methods This was a two-phase qualitative and quantitative study. The study was conducted during 2009 to 2011 in Tehran, Iran. In the qualitative part, a sample of diabetic patients participated in four focus group discussions in order to develop a preliminary item pool. Consequently, content and face validity were performed to provide a pre-final version of the questionnaire. Then, in a quantitative study, reliability (internal consistency and test-retest analysis), validity and factor analysis (both exploratory and confirmatory) were performed to assess psychometric properties of the scale. Results A 38-item questionnaire was developed through the qualitative phase. It was reduced to a 33-item after content validity. Exploratory factor analysis loaded a 30-item with a five-factor solution (nutrition, physical activity, self monitoring of blood glucose, foot care and smoking) that jointly accounted for 72.3% of observed variance. The confirmatory factor analysis indicated a good fit to the data. The Cronbachs alpha coefficient showed excellent internal consistency (alpha=0.94), and test-retest of the scale with 2-weeks intervals indicated an appropriate stability for the scale (ICC=0.87). Conclusion The findings showed that the designed questionnaire was a valid and reliable instrument for measuring social support for self-care in middle-aged patients with type II diabetes. It is an easy to use questionnaire and contains the most significant diabetes related behaviors that need continuous support for self-care. PMID:23190685

2012-01-01

311

Comparison of early socialization practices used for litters of small-scale registered dog breeders and nonregistered dog breeders.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE-To compare early socialization practices between litters of breeders registered with the Canine Control Council (CCC) and litters of nonregistered breeders advertising puppies for sale in a local newspaper. DESIGN-Retrospective cohort study. Animals-80 litters of purebred and mixed-breed dogs from registered (n = 40) and non-registered (40) breeders. PROCEDURES-Registered breeders were randomly selected from the CCC website, and nonregistered breeders were randomly selected from a weekly advertising newspaper. The litter sold most recently by each breeder was then enrolled in the study. Information pertaining to socialization practices for each litter was obtained through a questionnaire administered over the telephone. RESULTS-Registered breeders generally had more breeding bitches and had more litters than did nonregistered breeders. Litters of registered breeders were more likely to have been socialized with adult dogs, people of different appearances, and various environmental stimuli, compared with litters of nonregistered breeders. Litters from registered breeders were also much less likely to have been the result of an unplanned pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE-Among those breeders represented, litters of registered breeders received more socialization experience, compared with litters of nonregistered breeders. People purchasing puppies from nonregistered breeders should focus on socializing their puppies between the time of purchase and 14 weeks of age. Additional research is required to determine whether puppies from nonregistered breeders are at increased risk of behavioral problems and are therefore more likely to be relinquished to animal shelters or euthanized, relative to puppies from registered breeders. PMID:21985351

Korbelik, Juraj; Rand, Jacquie S; Morton, John M

2011-10-15

312

Social Networks Analysis and Participation in Learning Environments to Digital Inclusion Based on Large-Scale Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluating and monitoring large-scale distance learning programs require different techniques, systems, and analysis methods. This work presents challenges in evaluating and monitoring digital inclusion training programs, considering the aspects inherent in large-scale distance training, and reports an approach based on network and distance

da Silva, Aleksandra do Socorro; de Brito, Silvana Rossy; Martins, Dalton Lopes; Vijaykumar, Nandamudi Lankalapalli; da Rocha, Cludio Alex Jorge; Costa, Joo Crisstomo Weyl Albuquerque; Francs, Carlos Renato Lisboa

2014-01-01

313

Source\\/Sink Patterns of Disturbance and Cross-Scale Mismatches in a Panarchy of Social-Ecological Landscapes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Land-use change is one of the major factors affecting global environmental change and represents a primary human effect on natural systems. Taking into account the scales and patterns of human land uses as source\\/sink disturbance systems, we describe a framework to characterize and interpret the spatial patterns of disturbances along a continuum of scales in a panarchy of nested jurisdictional

Nicola Zaccarelli; Irene Petrosillo; Giovanni Zurlini; Kurt Hans Riitters

2008-01-01

314

Debates on International Agencies SCALING UP GLOBAL SOCIAL HEALTH PROTECTION: PREREQUISITE REFORMS TO THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND  

Microsoft Academic Search

People living in low-income countries require protection from the economic and social impacts of global economic competition, yet, historically, the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) fiscal austerity programs have weakened the potential for redistribution both within poor countries and between rich and poor countries. The current development paradigm's focus on \\

Gorik Ooms; Rachel Hammonds

315

Small scale sanitation technologies.  

PubMed

Small scale systems can improve the sustainability of sanitation systems as they more easily close the water and nutrient loops. They also provide alternate solutions to centrally managed large scale infrastructures. Appropriate sanitation provision can improve the lives of people with inadequate sanitation through health benefits, reuse products as well as reduce ecological impacts. In the literature there seems to be no compilation of a wide range of available onsite sanitation systems around the world that encompasses black and greywater treatment plus stand-alone dry and urine separation toilet systems. Seventy technologies have been identified and classified according to the different waste source streams. Sub-classification based on major treatment methods included aerobic digestion, composting and vermicomposting, anaerobic digestion, sand/soil/peat filtration and constructed wetlands. Potential users or suppliers of sanitation systems can choose from wide range of technologies available and examine the different treatment principles used in the technologies. Sanitation systems need to be selected according to the local social, economic and environmental conditions and should aim to be sustainable. PMID:16104403

Green, W; Ho, G

2005-01-01

316

The Child Care and Development Block Grant and Child Care Grants to States under Title IV-A of the Social Security Act: A Description of Major Provisions and Issues To Consider in Implementation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) and Grants to States under Title IV-A of the Social Security Act for At-Risk Child Care are two recently passed federal child care bills. These bills offer states a unique opportunity to review the ways state and federal child care and early childhood programs work together to support children and

Blank, Helen

317

12 CFR 714.8 - Are the early payment provisions, or interest rate provisions, applicable in leasing arrangements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the early payment provisions, or interest rate provisions, applicable in leasing...the early payment provisions, or interest rate provisions, applicable in leasing...You are also not subject to the interest rate provisions in ...

2010-01-01

318

Robustness, institutions, and large-scale change in social-ecological systems: the Hohokam of the Phoenix Basin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Societies frequently generate public infrastructure and institutional arrangements in order to mediate short-term environmental fluctuations. However, the social and ecological consequences of activities dealing with short-term disturbances may increase the vulnerability of the system to infrequent events or to long-term change in patterns of short-term variability. Exploring this possibility requires the study of long-term, transformational change. The archaeological record provides

JOHN M. ANDERIES

2006-01-01

319

The Children's Social Understanding Scale: Construction and validation of a parent-report measure for assessing individual differences in children's theories of mind.  

PubMed

Children's theory of mind (ToM) is typically measured with laboratory assessments of performance. Although these measures have generated a wealth of informative data concerning developmental progressions in ToM, they may be less useful as the sole source of information about individual differences in ToM and their relation to other facets of development. In the current research, we aimed to expand the repertoire of methods available for measuring ToM by developing and validating a parent-report ToM measure: the Children's Social Understanding Scale (CSUS). We present 3 studies assessing the psychometric properties of the CSUS. Study 1 describes item analysis, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and relation of the scale to children's performance on laboratory ToM tasks. Study 2 presents cross-validation data for the scale in a different sample of preschool children with a different set of ToM tasks. Study 3 presents further validation data for the scale with a slightly older age group and a more advanced ToM task, while controlling for several other relevant cognitive abilities. The findings indicate that the CSUS is a reliable and valid measure of individual differences in children's ToM that may be of great value as a complement to standard ToM tasks in many different research contexts. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25264702

Tahiroglu, Deniz; Moses, Louis J; Carlson, Stephanie M; Mahy, Caitlin E V; Olofson, Eric L; Sabbagh, Mark A

2014-11-01

320

My principal research interest is in large-scale data mining, focusing on the analysis of networks. Networks allow us to study phenomena across the social, technological, and  

E-print Network

with each another. Through the emergence of online social networking, social media and social gaming, daily activities of hundreds of millions of people of networks and online communities. (2) Developing methods for social media analytics

Pratt, Vaughan

321

Social Indicators Research French adaptation of the Orientation To Happiness Scale and the impact of Quality of  

E-print Network

.D. Ilona Boniwell, Ph.D. Abstract: Happiness is the current hot topic whether in television, press validity of the scale. Moreover, this study showed the relationship between variables linked to quality of Life in French Students "I decided to be happy because it's good for health!" (Voltaire

322

SOCIAL CHANGE AS AN ASPECT OF THE INCREASING SCALE OF ORGANIZATION OF SOCIETY ILLUSTRATED IN THE SECTOR OF EDUCATION  

E-print Network

J)artment 01 Public InstrnctUm oj the State 01Ka.nsa~,1951-1952 (Topeka. undated). p. 4. The School Fund Commission is composed of the state Superintendent of Public Instruction, the State Attorney General, and the Secretal7 of State. The State Board...~vestern 1:-1issouri. These groups, bearing such names as "Social Bands," and "Sons of the South," were made up of men w110 construed the objectives of the Kansas-Nebraska bill to be the facilitation of the extension of slavery into Kansas. 14 Some...

Razak, W. Nevell

1967-04-01

323

Multicultural Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale Racial Diversity Form: Factor structure and test of a social cognitive model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to gather evidence on the factor structure and concurrent criterion validity of the Multicultural Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale Racial Diversity Form (MCSE-RD; Sheu & Lent, 2007). The MCSE-RD was designed to assess therapists' perceived capabilities in performing culturally relevant in-session behaviors in cross-racial counseling. Participants were 209 students in counseling-related graduate programs in the USA. Confirmatory

Hung-Bin Sheu; Marybeth Rigali-Oiler; Robert W. Lent

2012-01-01

324

Economics 681b: Social Insurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an introduction to the economic analysis of Social Insurance. It will not be possible to provide an in depth treatment of all aspects of this complex subject in a single semester. In particular, we will deal only tangentially with a very important aspect of social insurance -- health care. A full treatment of issues connected with public provision

John Rust

325

Study diluvium: general provisions.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Diluvium is a term in geology for superficial deposits formed by flood-like operations of water, and so contrasted with alluvium or alluvial deposits formed by slow and steady aqueous agencies. The term was formerly given to the boulder clay deposits, supposed to have been caused by the Noachian deluge. In the late 20th century Russian geologist Alexei Rudoy proposed the term "diluvium" for description of deposits created as a result of catastrophic outbursts of Pleistocene giant glacier-dammed lakes in intermontane basins of the Altai.[1] The largest of these lakes - Chuya and Kuray, had a volume of water in hundreds of cubic kilometers, and their discharge in peak hydrograph flow rate exceeded the maximum rates of the well-known Pleistocene Lake Missoula in North America. The term "diluvium" in the meaning of A. N. Rudoy has become accepted, and the process of diluvial morpholithogenesis can be found in modern textbooks. Flood deposits of the Altai region Nearly all intermountain depressions in southern Siberia and northern Mongolia hosted glacier-dammed lakes during the Pleistocene ice ages. Climatic changes and hydrostatic alterations of the ice dams were followed by repeated fillings and releases of the basin lakes. The lake outbursts had a cataclysmic character. In accordance with climatic conditions, the glaciers would protrude again into the main drainage valleys immediately after dam deformations and lake outbursts and would again dam the basins. The greatest of the lakes (Lakes Chuya, Kuray, Uymon, Darkhat and others) achieved volumes up to hundreds of cubic kilometres, while the discharges of the outburst floods reached millions of cubic metres per second. These floods transformed the drainage valleys, repeatedly building new sediment deposits. The dating of the latter proves the occurrence of large-scale floods in the Chuya and the Katun River valleys in the interval between 23 and 7 thousand years ago. During that period there were at least five large-scale flooding events. Enormous water masses were drained simultaneously and repeatedly towards the south of West Siberia. The total water volume out of the Altai basins only used to reach 10 thousand cubic kilometres. With some periodicity, all of the basins of South Siberia were able to deliver northwards about 60 thousand cubic kilometres of flood waters[1].

Rudoy, A.

2012-04-01

326

9 CFR 93.916 - Special provisions.  

...IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMALS, BIRDS, FISH, AND POULTRY, AND CERTAIN ANIMAL... General Provisions for Vhs-Regulated Fish Species 93.916 Special provisions. (a) Slaughter. Live VHS-regulated fish from VHS-regulated regions may be...

2014-01-01

327

Egypt Service Provision Assessment Survey, 2002.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 2002 Egypt Service Provision Assessment Survey (ESPA) was designed to collect information on the provision of reproductive health and child health services in Egypt in order to complement the information obtained through the 2000 Egypt Demographic and...

2003-01-01

328

45 CFR 149.105 - Transition provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Transition provision. 149.105 Section 149...SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY... Reinsurance Amounts 149.105 Transition provision. For a certified...

2012-10-01

329

45 CFR 149.105 - Transition provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Transition provision. 149.105 Section 149...SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY... Reinsurance Amounts 149.105 Transition provision. For a certified...

2010-10-01

330

45 CFR 149.105 - Transition provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Transition provision. 149.105 Section 149...SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY... Reinsurance Amounts 149.105 Transition provision. For a certified...

2013-10-01

331

45 CFR 149.105 - Transition provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Transition provision. 149.105 Section 149...SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH CARE ACCESS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EARLY... Reinsurance Amounts 149.105 Transition provision. For a certified...

2011-10-01

332

29 CFR 779.501 - Statutory provisions.  

...Other Provisions Which May Affect Retail Enterprises Equal Pay Provisions 779.501...measures earnings by quantity or quality of production; or (iv) a differential based on any other factor other than sex: Provided, That...

2014-07-01

333

29 CFR 779.501 - Statutory provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Other Provisions Which May Affect Retail Enterprises Equal Pay Provisions 779.501...measures earnings by quantity or quality of production; or (iv) a differential based on any other factor other than sex: Provided, That...

2010-07-01

334

29 CFR 779.501 - Statutory provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Other Provisions Which May Affect Retail Enterprises Equal Pay Provisions 779.501...measures earnings by quantity or quality of production; or (iv) a differential based on any other factor other than sex: Provided, That...

2013-07-01

335

29 CFR 779.501 - Statutory provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Other Provisions Which May Affect Retail Enterprises Equal Pay Provisions 779.501...measures earnings by quantity or quality of production; or (iv) a differential based on any other factor other than sex: Provided, That...

2012-07-01

336

29 CFR 779.501 - Statutory provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Other Provisions Which May Affect Retail Enterprises Equal Pay Provisions 779.501...measures earnings by quantity or quality of production; or (iv) a differential based on any other factor other than sex: Provided, That...

2011-07-01

337

21 CFR 26.81 - Final provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MEDICAL DEVICE PRODUCT EVALUATION REPORTS: UNITED STATES AND THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY Framework Provisions 26.81 Final provisions...Mutual Recognition Between the United States of America and the European Community, from which this part is derived....

2010-04-01

338

50 CFR 71.12 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CONTINUED) MANAGEMENT OF FISHERIES CONSERVATION AREAS HUNTING AND FISHING ON NATIONAL FISH HATCHERY AREAS Fishing 71...provisions. The following provisions shall apply to public sport fishing on a national fish hatchery area: (a) Each...

2010-10-01

339

50 CFR 71.12 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CONTINUED) MANAGEMENT OF FISHERIES CONSERVATION AREAS HUNTING AND FISHING ON NATIONAL FISH HATCHERY AREAS Fishing 71...provisions. The following provisions shall apply to public sport fishing on a national fish hatchery area: (a) Each...

2011-10-01

340

50 CFR 71.12 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONTINUED) MANAGEMENT OF FISHERIES CONSERVATION AREAS HUNTING AND FISHING ON NATIONAL FISH HATCHERY AREAS Fishing 71...provisions. The following provisions shall apply to public sport fishing on a national fish hatchery area: (a) Each...

2012-10-01

341

50 CFR 71.12 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONTINUED) MANAGEMENT OF FISHERIES CONSERVATION AREAS HUNTING AND FISHING ON NATIONAL FISH HATCHERY AREAS Fishing 71...provisions. The following provisions shall apply to public sport fishing on a national fish hatchery area: (a) Each...

2013-10-01

342

5 CFR 530.309 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SYSTEMS (GENERAL) Special Rate Schedules for Recruitment and Retention General Provisions 530...provisions. (a) A special rate may be paid only for those hours for which an employee is in a pay status. (b) A pay...

2011-01-01

343

5 CFR 530.309 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SYSTEMS (GENERAL) Special Rate Schedules for Recruitment and Retention General Provisions 530...provisions. (a) A special rate may be paid only for those hours for which an employee is in a pay status. (b) A pay...

2010-01-01

344

5 CFR 530.309 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SYSTEMS (GENERAL) Special Rate Schedules for Recruitment and Retention General Provisions 530...provisions. (a) A special rate may be paid only for those hours for which an employee is in a pay status. (b) A pay...

2012-01-01

345

5 CFR 530.309 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

...SYSTEMS (GENERAL) Special Rate Schedules for Recruitment and Retention General Provisions 530...provisions. (a) A special rate may be paid only for those hours for which an employee is in a pay status. (b) A pay...

2014-01-01

346

5 CFR 530.309 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SYSTEMS (GENERAL) Special Rate Schedules for Recruitment and Retention General Provisions 530...provisions. (a) A special rate may be paid only for those hours for which an employee is in a pay status. (b) A pay...

2013-01-01

347

12 CFR 1102.108 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false General provisions. 1102.108 Section 1102.108 Banks and Banking FEDERAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS...Records Maintained by the Appraisal Subcommittee 1102.108 General provisions. (a) Extensions of...

2010-01-01

348

45 CFR 1634.10 - Transition provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Transition provisions. 1634.10 Section 1634...GRANTS AND CONTRACTS 1634.10 Transition provisions. (a) When the competitive bidding process results in the award of a grant...

2010-10-01

349

45 CFR 1634.10 - Transition provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Transition provisions. 1634.10 Section 1634...GRANTS AND CONTRACTS 1634.10 Transition provisions. (a) When the competitive bidding process results in the award of a grant...

2011-10-01

350

18 CFR 5.31 - Transition provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Transition provision. 5.31 Section 5.31 Conservation...FEDERAL POWER ACT INTEGRATED LICENSE APPLICATION PROCESS 5.31 Transition provision. This part shall apply to...

2011-04-01

351

18 CFR 5.31 - Transition provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Transition provision. 5.31 Section 5.31 Conservation...FEDERAL POWER ACT INTEGRATED LICENSE APPLICATION PROCESS 5.31 Transition provision. This part shall apply to...

2010-04-01

352

12 CFR 907.15 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...provisions. 907.15 Section 907.15 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING...ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS PROCEDURES Case-by-Case Determinations; Review of Disputed Supervisory Determinations 907.15 General provisions. (a)...

2013-01-01

353

12 CFR 907.15 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...provisions. 907.15 Section 907.15 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING...ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS PROCEDURES Case-by-Case Determinations; Review of Disputed Supervisory Determinations 907.15 General provisions. (a)...

2012-01-01

354

12 CFR 907.15 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...provisions. 907.15 Section 907.15 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING...ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS PROCEDURES Case-by-Case Determinations; Review of Disputed Supervisory Determinations 907.15 General provisions. (a)...

2011-01-01

355

12 CFR 907.15 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...provisions. 907.15 Section 907.15 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING...ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS PROCEDURES Case-by-Case Determinations; Review of Disputed Supervisory Determinations 907.15 General provisions. (a)...

2010-01-01

356

12 CFR 907.15 - General provisions.  

...provisions. 907.15 Section 907.15 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING...ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS PROCEDURES Case-by-Case Determinations; Review of Disputed Supervisory Determinations 907.15 General provisions. (a)...

2014-01-01

357

7 CFR 1735.60 - Specific provisions.  

... Mortgage Controls on Acquisitions and Mergers 1735.60 Specific...certain provisions concerning mergers and acquisitions: (1) Article II...other provisions concerning mergers and acquisitions. [54 FR 14626,...

2014-01-01

358

7 CFR 1735.60 - Specific provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Mortgage Controls on Acquisitions and Mergers 1735.60 Specific...certain provisions concerning mergers and acquisitions: (1) Article II...other provisions concerning mergers and acquisitions. [54 FR 14626,...

2012-01-01

359

7 CFR 1735.60 - Specific provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Mortgage Controls on Acquisitions and Mergers 1735.60 Specific...certain provisions concerning mergers and acquisitions: (1) Article II...other provisions concerning mergers and acquisitions. [54 FR 14626,...

2011-01-01

360

7 CFR 1735.60 - Specific provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Mortgage Controls on Acquisitions and Mergers 1735.60 Specific...certain provisions concerning mergers and acquisitions: (1) Article II...other provisions concerning mergers and acquisitions. [54 FR 14626,...

2013-01-01

361

50 CFR 71.2 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MANAGEMENT OF FISHERIES CONSERVATION AREAS HUNTING AND FISHING ON NATIONAL FISH HATCHERY AREAS Hunting 71.2 General provisions. The following provisions shall apply to public hunting on a national fish hatchery area:...

2012-10-01

362

50 CFR 71.2 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MANAGEMENT OF FISHERIES CONSERVATION AREAS HUNTING AND FISHING ON NATIONAL FISH HATCHERY AREAS Hunting 71.2 General provisions. The following provisions shall apply to public hunting on a national fish hatchery area:...

2013-10-01

363

50 CFR 71.2 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MANAGEMENT OF FISHERIES CONSERVATION AREAS HUNTING AND FISHING ON NATIONAL FISH HATCHERY AREAS Hunting 71.2 General provisions. The following provisions shall apply to public hunting on a national fish hatchery area:...

2011-10-01

364

50 CFR 71.2 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MANAGEMENT OF FISHERIES CONSERVATION AREAS HUNTING AND FISHING ON NATIONAL FISH HATCHERY AREAS Hunting 71.2 General provisions. The following provisions shall apply to public hunting on a national fish hatchery area:...

2010-10-01

365

10 CFR 905.34 - Adjustment provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Adjustment provisions. 905.34 Section 905.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT PROGRAM Power Marketing Initiative 905.34 Adjustment provisions. Western reserves the right to...

2010-01-01

366

7 CFR 1735.60 - Specific provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Mortgage Controls on Acquisitions and Mergers 1735.60 Specific...certain provisions concerning mergers and acquisitions: (1) Article II...other provisions concerning mergers and acquisitions. [54 FR 14626,...

2010-01-01

367

48 CFR 225.7605 - Solicitation provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEFENSE SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Secondary Arab Boycott of Israel 225.7605 Solicitation provision...225.7604, use the provision at 252.225-7031, Secondary Arab Boycott of Israel, in all...

2010-10-01

368

Network Effects, Software Provision, and Standardization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the authors examine the software provision decision of software firms. The provision decision by software firms determines the value and, hence, the market share of competing hardware technologies. The authors show how the provision decision by software firms determines whether multiple hardware technologies are supported in equilibrium or whether there is de facto standardization, with only one

Jeffrey Church; Neil Gandal

1992-01-01

369

social media social media  

E-print Network

social media #12;#12;#12;#12;social media: what it is what it does ethics & effectiveness #12;a social media marketing agency #12;social media: what it is #12;#12;SOCIAL MEDIA micro- blog social networks podcasts internet forums photo/ video Sharing blogs/ vlogs mobile apps social book- marks wikis

Lin, Xiaodong

370

20 CFR 404.1407 - When railroad retirement benefits do not bar payment of social security benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...benefits do not bar payment of social security benefits. 404.1407 Section 404.1407 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL...benefits do not bar payment of social security benefits. The provisions...

2010-04-01

371

Health and the Structure of Adolescent Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much research has explored the role of social networks in promoting health through the provision of social support. However, little work has examined how social networks themselves may be structured by health. This article investigates the link between individuals' health and the characteristics of their social network positions.We first develop

Haas, Steven A.; Schaefer, David R.; Kornienko, Olga

2010-01-01

372

carrires sociales animation sociale  

E-print Network

carrières sociales option animation sociale et socio-culturelle SCIENCES, HUMAINES ET SOCIALES 46 02 sec_iutfc@univ-fcomte.fr dut carrières sociales option animation sociale et socio'études à l'Université de Franche-Comté Licences professionnelles -- Intervention sociale, spécialité

Jeanjean, Louis

373

Development, social norms, and assignment to task  

PubMed Central

Economic development involves a structural transformation in the way people are allocated to tasks. There is a shift from self-provision to market exchange, facilitating specialization. There is also a shift from self-employment to wage employment in large firms and organizations, driven by innovation and increasing returns to scale. Changes in allocation mechanisms require changes in norms and attitudes. Because different labor assignment domains coexist, conflicts arise among norms that apply to different domains, possibly resulting in dysfunctional outcomes. I argue that religion, humanism, and schools have all played an important historical role in fostering the changes in social norms and attitudes that are needed to accompany structural changes in the way economies allocate workers to tasks. PMID:22198757

Fafchamps, Marcel

2011-01-01

374

Development, social norms, and assignment to task.  

PubMed

Economic development involves a structural transformation in the way people are allocated to tasks. There is a shift from self-provision to market exchange, facilitating specialization. There is also a shift from self-employment to wage employment in large firms and organizations, driven by innovation and increasing returns to scale. Changes in allocation mechanisms require changes in norms and attitudes. Because different labor assignment domains coexist, conflicts arise among norms that apply to different domains, possibly resulting in dysfunctional outcomes. I argue that religion, humanism, and schools have all played an important historical role in fostering the changes in social norms and attitudes that are needed to accompany structural changes in the way economies allocate workers to tasks. PMID:22198757

Fafchamps, Marcel

2011-12-27

375

Assessing young children's views of their academic, social, and emotional lives: an evaluation of the self-perception scales of the Berkeley Puppet Interview.  

PubMed

In a prospective, longitudinal study we examined the psychometric properties of the self-perception scales of the Berkeley Puppet Interview (BPI). A total sample of 97 young children were assessed with the BPI at 3 time points: preschool, kindergarten, and first grade. The BPI assesses young children's self-perceptions of their school adjustment in 6 domains: academic competence, achievement motivation, social competence, peer acceptance, depression-anxiety, and aggression-hostility. Results showed that 4 1/2- to 7 1/2-year-olds possess a multidimensional self-concept that can be reliably measured and that the BPI is sensitive to normative changes and individual differences in young boys' and girls' views of themselves. Support for the method's validity was derived from consistent and meaningful patterns of convergence between children's self-perceptions and ratings by adult informants--mothers, fathers, and teachers--as well as standardized test scores. In fact, in this study, the concordance between young children's self-reports and parallel ratings by teachers or mothers were consistently as strong as if not stronger than the concordance between mothers' and teachers' ratings. PMID:9914640

Measelle, J R; Ablow, J C; Cowan, P A; Cowan, C P

1998-12-01

376

7 CFR 1435.106 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

...Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS SUGAR PROGRAM Sugar Loan Program 1435.106 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) The regulations governing setoffs and...

2014-01-01

377

42 CFR 37.40 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MEDICAL EXAMINATIONS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINERS Chest Roentgenographic Examinations Specifications for Performing Chest Roentgenographic Examinations 37.40 General provisions. (a) The chest roentgenographic examination shall be...

2010-10-01

378

Assessment and application of potential food provisioning services of ecosystems in Three-gorge areas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The assessment of food provisioning services of ecosystems in Three-gorge areas is helpful for better understanding the function of ecosystems in local human well-beings. In this paper, process-based models are used to assess the potential food provisioning services derived from agriculture ecosystems and grassland ecosystems, a modifying model along with normal woodlands and a set of modifying coefficients is built to assess the potential food from woodland ecosystems. A set of power regression models based on environment factors are built to estimate the potential fish production from water ecosystems. Land cover data stemmed from Landsat TM images, as well as other natural and social-economic data in 1km resolution such as temperature, precipitation, and DEM, are used to support these assessment models. It shows that the four ecosystems in Three-gorge areas can provide 85.9810 12 calories heat, 2.49 billion kilograms protein and 823.4 million kilograms fat. Human carrying capacity model under the balance nutrition pattern is built in this paper, which results in two key findings: ecosystems in Three-gorge areas can feed 45.92 million people under wealthy living standard which is 1.53 times of the current population, and the sustainable population is from 9.69 to 36.23 million under that living standard. Multi-scale population pressure model is built to calculate the population pressure index in Three-gorge areas. The grain for green pressure index, a multivariate linear weighed model, is used to determine the spatial distribution of farmland fit for grain for green and fit for protecting.

Tian, Yongzhong; Gao, Yanghua; Zhu, Lifen

2006-08-01

379

Welfare provision beyond national boundaries: The politics of migration and long term elderly care in Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary In the context of population ageing and changing gender roles, the organisation of social care is becoming of prime concern for all developed welfare states. Analyses of the 'mixed economy' of care are abundantly available, but these neglect the option of care being provided by immigrants. This paper sets out by demonstrating that a lack of public care provision

Franca van Hooren

380

Service provision for people with dementia in rural ScotlandDifficulties and innovations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The provision of health and social care services to people with dementia and their carers living in remote and rural areas has been neglected globally. Meeting the needs of people with dementia poses many challenges for service providers. Such challenges may be compounded by the difficulties of providing and accessing services in rural areas.This article explores the views of Scottish

Anthea Innes; Sylvia Cox; Annetta Smith; Anne Mason

2006-01-01

381

Vocal and Visual Conspecific Cues Influence the Behavior of Chimney Swifts at Provisioned Habitat  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous species use socially derived information from conspecifics to evaluate the quality of potential habitat. We examine whether conspecific cues influence Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica) behavior at uninhabited provisioned habitat, and whether their response in the pre- and post-breeding seasons differs. We used conspecific playbacks and decoys at 19 towers designed for the swift's nesting in southern Ontario, Canada, and

Leah Finity; Joseph J. Nocera

2012-01-01

382

Making Decisions About Out of School Provisions for Gifted and Talented Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is no single solution to meeting the diverse intellectual, creative, cultural, physical, social, and emotional needs of gifted and talented students. Ideally, their differentiated, enriched, and accelerated education is best conceptualised as a continuum of approaches. This continuum begins in all classrooms and extends through school-based programmes to provisions outside of school. There is a simple reason for this:

Tracy Riley

383

Social phobia and perfectionism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical evidence suggests that components of perfectionism may have special relevance to social phobia. This study examines this relationship by comparing 61 patients with social phobia and 39 community volunteers with no anxiety disorder on Frost, Marten, Lahart and Rosenblate's (1990) Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS). Social phobia patients scored higher on subscales assessing concern over mistakes, doubts about actions, and

Harlan R. Juster; Richard G. Heimberg; Randy O. Frost; Craig S. Holt; Jill I. Mattia; Karen Faccenda

1996-01-01

384

Employee Consent Form to Allow the University of California to Claim FICA Tax Refund Relating to Provision of Health Care Benefits to Employee's Same-Sex Spouse  

E-print Network

to Provision of Health Care Benefits to Employee's Same-Sex Spouse Social Security Number of marriage, divorce, etc., enter the name used previously. Address code. Please do not abbreviate the country name. Date of Marriage: ________________State of Marriage

Jacobs, Lucia

385

Wayfinding in Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the recent explosion of popularity of commercial social-networking sites like Facebook and MySpace, the size of social networks that can be studied scientifically has passed from the scale traditionally studied by sociologists and anthropologists to the scale of networks more typically studied by computer scientists. In this chapter, I will highlight a recent line of computational research into the modeling and analysis of the small-world phenomenon - the observation that typical pairs of people in a social network are connected by very short chains of intermediate friends - and the ability of members of a large social network to collectively find efficient routes to reach individuals in the network. I will survey several recent mathematical models of social networks that account for these phenomena, with an emphasis on both the provable properties of these social-network models and the empirical validation of the models against real large-scale social-network data.

Liben-Nowell, David

386

Social Support Provision and Cultural Values in Indonesia and Britain.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the relationship between support offered (to friends and strangers) and individualism among government workers and teachers in Indonesia and the United Kingdom. Survey data indicated that Indonesian respondents were more wiling to offer support to strangers than their British counterparts. Individualism was a significant predictor of

Goodwin, Robin; Giles, Sophie

2003-01-01

387

Information provision in ...nancial markets Moez Bennouri  

E-print Network

Information provision in ...nancial markets Moez Bennouri Groupe ESC Rouen C. Robert Clark HEC, volume of trade, and expected welfare) when regulators can induce improved information provision in one information by improving the quality of prior information, or that enhance the transparency of the market

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

388

Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) maintenance provisions  

SciTech Connect

The Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) was designed with maintainability as a primary parameter, and facilities and provisions were designed into the plant to accommodate the maintenance function. This paper describes the FFTF and its systems. Special maintenance equipment and facilities for performing maintenance on radioactive components are discussed. Maintenance provisions designed into the plant to enhance maintainability are also described.

Marshall, J.L.

1981-05-01

389

40 CFR 194.6 - Alternative provisions.  

...COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS General Provisions...provisions comport with the disposal regulations, the reasons...appear inappropriate, and the costs, risks and benefits of compliance...describing how they comport with the disposal regulations, the...

2014-07-01

390

40 CFR 63.647 - Wastewater provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.647 Section 63...Petroleum Refineries 63.647 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as provided...each owner or operator of a Group 1 wastewater stream shall comply with the...

2012-07-01

391

40 CFR 63.647 - Wastewater provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.647 Section 63...Petroleum Refineries 63.647 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as provided...each owner or operator of a Group 1 wastewater stream shall comply with the...

2010-07-01

392

40 CFR 63.501 - Wastewater provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.501 Section 63...I Polymers and Resins 63.501 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as specified...132 through 63.147 for each process wastewater stream originating at an...

2010-07-01

393

40 CFR 63.1330 - Wastewater provisions.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.1330 Section 63...Polymers and Resins 63.1330 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as specified...through 63.149 refer to a Group 1 wastewater stream or a Group 2 wastewater...

2014-07-01

394

40 CFR 63.647 - Wastewater provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.647 Section 63...Petroleum Refineries 63.647 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as provided...each owner or operator of a Group 1 wastewater stream shall comply with the...

2013-07-01

395

40 CFR 63.501 - Wastewater provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.501 Section 63...I Polymers and Resins 63.501 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as specified...132 through 63.147 for each process wastewater stream originating at an...

2011-07-01

396

40 CFR 63.501 - Wastewater provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.501 Section 63...I Polymers and Resins 63.501 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as specified...132 through 63.147 for each process wastewater stream originating at an...

2013-07-01

397

40 CFR 63.647 - Wastewater provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.647 Section 63...Petroleum Refineries 63.647 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as provided...each owner or operator of a Group 1 wastewater stream shall comply with the...

2011-07-01

398

40 CFR 63.501 - Wastewater provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.501 Section 63...I Polymers and Resins 63.501 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as specified...132 through 63.147 for each process wastewater stream originating at an...

2012-07-01

399

7 CFR 1437.15 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

... 1437.15 Section 1437.15 Agriculture Regulations...General Provisions 1437.15 Miscellaneous provisions...641, 651, 1001 and 1014; 15 U.S.C. 714m; and 31 U...apply to NAP. (l) In the case of death, incompetence or...

2014-01-01

400

Predicting Network Response Times Using Social Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networks and discussion boards have become a significant outlet where people communicate and express their opinion freely. Although the social networks themselves are usually well-provisioned, the participating users frequently point to external links to substantiate their discussions. Unfortunately, the sudden heavy traffic load imposed on the external, linked web sites causes them to become unresponsive leading to the \\

Chen Liang; Sharath Hiremagalore; Angelos Stavrou; Huzefa Rangwala

2011-01-01

401

Implementing the optimal provision of ecosystem services  

PubMed Central

Many ecosystem services are public goods whose provision depends on the spatial pattern of land use. The pattern of land use is often determined by the decisions of multiple private landowners. Increasing the provision of ecosystem services, though beneficial for society as a whole, may be costly to private landowners. A regulator interested in providing incentives to landowners for increased provision of ecosystem services often lacks complete information on landowners costs. The combination of spatially dependent benefits and asymmetric cost information means that the optimal provision of ecosystem services cannot be achieved using standard regulatory or payment for ecosystem services approaches. Here we show that an auction that sets payments between landowners and the regulator for the increased value of ecosystem services with conservation provides incentives for landowners to truthfully reveal cost information, and allows the regulator to implement the optimal provision of ecosystem services, even in the case with spatially dependent benefits and asymmetric information. PMID:24722635

Polasky, Stephen; Lewis, David J.; Plantinga, Andrew J.; Nelson, Erik

2014-01-01

402

Implementing the optimal provision of ecosystem services.  

PubMed

Many ecosystem services are public goods whose provision depends on the spatial pattern of land use. The pattern of land use is often determined by the decisions of multiple private landowners. Increasing the provision of ecosystem services, though beneficial for society as a whole, may be costly to private landowners. A regulator interested in providing incentives to landowners for increased provision of ecosystem services often lacks complete information on landowners' costs. The combination of spatially dependent benefits and asymmetric cost information means that the optimal provision of ecosystem services cannot be achieved using standard regulatory or payment for ecosystem services approaches. Here we show that an auction that sets payments between landowners and the regulator for the increased value of ecosystem services with conservation provides incentives for landowners to truthfully reveal cost information, and allows the regulator to implement the optimal provision of ecosystem services, even in the case with spatially dependent benefits and asymmetric information. PMID:24722635

Polasky, Stephen; Lewis, David J; Plantinga, Andrew J; Nelson, Erik

2014-04-29

403

Synchronous activation within the default mode network correlates with perceived social support.  

PubMed

Perceived social support emphasizes subjective feeling of provisions offered by family, friends and significant others. In consideration of the great significance of perceived social support to health outcomes, attempt to reveal the neural substrates of perceived social support will facilitate its application in a series of mental disorders. Perceived social support potentially relies on healthy interpersonal relationships calling for cognitive processes like perspective taking, empathy and theory of mind. Interestingly, functional activations and connectivity within the default mode network (DMN) are extensively involved in these interpersonal skills. As a result, it is proposed that synchronous activities among brain regions within the DMN will correlate with self-report of perceived social support. In the present study, we tried to investigate the associations between coherence among the DMN regions and perceived social support at resting state. A total of 333 (145 men) participants were directed to fulfill the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) after a 484-s functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanning without any task. As a result, seed-based functional connectivity and power spectrum analyses revealed that heightened synchronicity among the DMN regions was associated with better performance on perceived social support. Moreover, results in the present study were independent of different methods, structural changes, and general cognitive performance. PMID:25111033

Che, Xianwei; Zhang, Qinglin; Zhao, Jizheng; Wei, Dongtao; Li, Bingbing; Guo, Yanan; Qiu, Jiang; Liu, Yijun

2014-10-01

404

Advance Network Reservation and Provisioning for Science  

SciTech Connect

We are witnessing a new era that offers new opportunities to conduct scientific research with the help of recent advancements in computational and storage technologies. Computational intensive science spans multiple scientific domains, such as particle physics, climate modeling, and bio-informatics simulations. These large-scale applications necessitate collaborators to access very large data sets resulting from simulations performed in geographically distributed institutions. Furthermore, often scientific experimental facilities generate massive data sets that need to be transferred to validate the simulation data in remote collaborating sites. A major component needed to support these needs is the communication infrastructure which enables high performance visualization, large volume data analysis, and also provides access to computational resources. In order to provide high-speed on-demand data access between collaborating institutions, national governments support next generation research networks such as Internet 2 and ESnet (Energy Sciences Network). Delivering network-as-a-service that provides predictable performance, efficient resource utilization and better coordination between compute and storage resources is highly desirable. In this paper, we study network provisioning and advanced bandwidth reservation in ESnet for on-demand high performance data transfers. We present a novel approach for path finding in time-dependent transport networks with bandwidth guarantees. We plan to improve the current ESnet advance network reservation system, OSCARS [3], by presenting to the clients, the possible reservation options and alternatives for earliest completion time and shortest transfer duration. The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) provides high bandwidth connections between research laboratories and academic institutions for data sharing and video/voice communication. The ESnet On-Demand Secure Circuits and Advance Reservation System (OSCARS) establishes guaranteed bandwidth of secure virtual circuits at a certain time, for a certain bandwidth and length of time. Though OSCARS operates within the ESnet, it also supplies end-to-end provisioning between multiple autonomous network domains. OSCARS gets reservation requests through a standard web service interface, and conducts a Quality-of-service (QoS) path for bandwidth guarantees. Multi-protocol Label Switching (MPLS) and the Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP) enable to create a virtual circuit using Label Switched Paths (LSP's). It contains three main components: a reservation manager, a bandwidth scheduler, and a path setup subsystem. The bandwidth scheduler needs to have information about the current and future states of the network topology in order to accomplish end-to-end bandwidth guaranteed paths.

Balman, Mehmet; Chaniotakis, Evangelos; Shoshani, Arie; Sim, Alex

2009-07-10

405

5 CFR 317.801 - Retention of SES provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Retention of SES provisions. 317...SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE Retention of SES Provisions 317.801 Retention of SES provisions. (a...in the SES appointed at any time by the President to...

2013-01-01

406

5 CFR 317.801 - Retention of SES provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Retention of SES provisions. 317...SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE Retention of SES Provisions 317.801 Retention of SES provisions. (a...in the SES appointed at any time by the President to...

2011-01-01

407

5 CFR 317.801 - Retention of SES provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false Retention of SES provisions. 317...SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE Retention of SES Provisions 317.801 Retention of SES provisions. (a...in the SES appointed at any time by the President to...

2012-01-01

408

5 CFR 317.801 - Retention of SES provisions.  

... 2014-01-01 false Retention of SES provisions. 317...SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE Retention of SES Provisions 317.801 Retention of SES provisions. (a...in the SES appointed at any time by the President to...

2014-01-01

409

29 CFR 552.108 - Child labor provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Child labor provisions. 552.108 Section...Interpretations 552.108 Child labor provisions. Congress made...service employees. Accordingly, the child labor provisions of the Act do not...

2010-07-01

410

48 CFR 1352.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Incorporating provisions and clauses. 1352.102 Section 1352.102...Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Instructions for Using Provisions...

2013-10-01

411

48 CFR 1352.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Incorporating provisions and clauses. 1352.102 Section 1352.102...Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Instructions for Using Provisions...

2012-10-01

412

48 CFR 1352.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Incorporating provisions and clauses. 1352.102 Section 1352.102...Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Instructions for Using Provisions...

2011-10-01

413

48 CFR 1352.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Incorporating provisions and clauses. 1352.102 Section 1352.102...Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Instructions for Using Provisions...

2010-10-01

414

48 CFR 517.208 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 517.208 Solicitation provisions and contract clauses. (a) For solicitations under FSS's Stock or Special Order Program, insert a provision substantially the same as the provision at 552.217-70,...

2013-10-01

415

48 CFR 517.208 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 517.208 Solicitation provisions and contract clauses. (a) For solicitations under FSS's Stock or Special Order Program, insert a provision substantially the same as the provision at 552.217-70,...

2010-10-01

416

29 CFR 789.1 - Statutory provisions and legislative history.  

... Statutory provisions and legislative history. 789.1 Section 789.1 Labor... Statutory provisions and legislative history. Section 12(a) of the Act...most important portion of the legislative history of those provisions in sections...

2014-07-01

417

29 CFR 789.1 - Statutory provisions and legislative history.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Statutory provisions and legislative history. 789.1 Section 789.1 Labor... Statutory provisions and legislative history. Section 12(a) of the Act...most important portion of the legislative history of those provisions in sections...

2011-07-01

418

29 CFR 789.1 - Statutory provisions and legislative history.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Statutory provisions and legislative history. 789.1 Section 789.1 Labor... Statutory provisions and legislative history. Section 12(a) of the Act...most important portion of the legislative history of those provisions in sections...

2010-07-01

419

29 CFR 789.1 - Statutory provisions and legislative history.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Statutory provisions and legislative history. 789.1 Section 789.1 Labor... Statutory provisions and legislative history. Section 12(a) of the Act...most important portion of the legislative history of those provisions in sections...

2013-07-01

420

29 CFR 789.1 - Statutory provisions and legislative history.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Statutory provisions and legislative history. 789.1 Section 789.1 Labor... Statutory provisions and legislative history. Section 12(a) of the Act...most important portion of the legislative history of those provisions in sections...

2012-07-01

421

18th July 2014 Social Media Analytics are Evolving -From Twitter-based Crisis Mapping to Large-scale Real-Time  

E-print Network

18th July 2014 Social Media Analytics are Evolving - From Twitter-based Crisis Mapping to Large for social media can be broadly categorized as dashboards, crisis mapping toolkits and in-depth analysis). Tools for crisis mapping also follow a manual verification process (e.g. Ushahidi), using teams

Middleton, Stuart E.

422

Vividness of visual imagery and social desirable responding: correlations of the vividness of visual imagery questionnaire with the balanced inventory of desirable responding and the Marlowe-Crowne scale.  

PubMed

Correlational research investigating the relationship between scores on self-report imagery questionnaires and measures of social desirable responding has shown only a weak association. However, researchers have argued that this research may have underestimated the size of the relationship because it relied primarily on the Marlowe-Crowne scale (MC; Crowne & Marlowe, Journal of Consulting Psychology, 24, 349-354, 1960), which loads primarily on the least relevant form of social desirable responding for this particular context, the moralistic bias. Here we report the analysis of data correlating the Vividness of Visual Imagery Questionnaire (VVIQ; Marks, Journal of Mental Imagery, 19, 153-166, 1973) with the Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding (BIDR; Paulhus, 2002) and the MC scale under anonymous testing conditions. The VVIQ correlated significantly with the Self-Deceptive Enhancement (SDE) and Agency Management (AM) BIDR subscales and with the MC. The largest correlation was with SDE. The ability of SDE to predict VVIQ scores was not significantly enhanced by adding either AM or MC. Correlations between the VVIQ and BIDR egoistic scales were larger when the BIDR was continuously rather than dichotomously scored. This analysis indicates that the relationship between self-reported imagery and social desirable responding is likely to be stronger than previously thought. PMID:21494918

Allbutt, John; Ling, Jonathan; Rowley, Martin; Shafiullah, Mohammed

2011-09-01

423

A Threshold Model of Social Support, Adjustment, and Distress after Breast Cancer Treatment  

PubMed Central

This study examined a threshold model which proposes that social support exhibits a curvilinear association with adjustment and distress, such that support in excess of a critical threshold level has decreasing incremental benefits. Women diagnosed with a first occurrence of breast cancer (N = 154) completed survey measures of perceived support (Social Provisions Scale), quality of life (Functional Living Index-Cancer), adjustment (Psychological Adjustment to Illness Scale) and psychological distress (Brief Symptom Inventory) approximately three weeks after surgical treatment and 816 months later. Consistent with a threshold model, multiple regression analyses suggested a significant curvilinear relationship between social support and distress at Time 1 and Time 2; and between social support and adjustment at Time 2. Consistent with this model, the significant bivariate correlations between social support and outcomes were accounted for almost entirely by women in the lowest quartile of support. Social support among women in the highest three quartiles was unrelated or only marginally related to adjustment and distress. PMID:22229798

Mallinckrodt, Brent; Armer, Jane M.; Heppner, P. Paul

2012-01-01

424

16 CFR 1025.31 - General provisions governing discovery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false General provisions governing discovery. 1025.31 Section 1025.31...PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Discovery, Compulsory Process 1025.31 General provisions governing discovery. (a) Applicability....

2012-01-01

425

49 CFR 511.31 - General provisions governing discovery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false General provisions governing discovery. 511.31 Section 511.31 ...TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Discovery; Compulsory Process 511.31 General provisions governing discovery. (a) Applicability....

2012-10-01

426

49 CFR 511.31 - General provisions governing discovery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false General provisions governing discovery. 511.31 Section 511.31 ...TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Discovery; Compulsory Process 511.31 General provisions governing discovery. (a) Applicability....

2013-10-01

427

49 CFR 511.31 - General provisions governing discovery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false General provisions governing discovery. 511.31 Section 511.31 ...TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Discovery; Compulsory Process 511.31 General provisions governing discovery. (a) Applicability....

2011-10-01

428

46 CFR 502.201 - General provisions governing discovery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false General provisions governing discovery. 502.201 Section 502.201 Shipping...Depositions, Written Interrogatories, and Discovery 502.201 General provisions governing discovery. (a) Applicability....

2012-10-01

429

46 CFR 502.201 - General provisions governing discovery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false General provisions governing discovery. 502.201 Section 502.201 Shipping...Depositions, Written Interrogatories, and Discovery 502.201 General provisions governing discovery. (a) Applicability....

2010-10-01

430

46 CFR 502.201 - General provisions governing discovery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false General provisions governing discovery. 502.201 Section 502.201 Shipping...Depositions, Written Interrogatories, and Discovery 502.201 General provisions governing discovery. (a) Applicability....

2011-10-01

431

16 CFR 1025.31 - General provisions governing discovery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false General provisions governing discovery. 1025.31 Section 1025.31...PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Discovery, Compulsory Process 1025.31 General provisions governing discovery. (a) Applicability....

2013-01-01

432

14 CFR 25.563 - Structural ditching provisions.  

...AIRPLANES Structure Emergency Landing Conditions 25.563 Structural ditching provisions. Structural strength considerations of ditching provisions must be in accordance with 25.801(e). Fatigue...

2014-01-01

433

Massive Social Network Analysis: Mining Twitter for Social Good  

E-print Network

Massive Social Network Analysis: Mining Twitter for Social Good David Ediger Karl Jiang Jason Riedy tools from graph theory, social network analysis, and scale-free networks [29]. However, the volume of thousands of interactions. These graphs are huge with respect to traditional social network analysis tools

Bader, David A.

434

Exploiting Social Links for Event Identification in Social Media  

E-print Network

Exploiting Social Links for Event Identification in Social Media Hila Becker , Bai Xiao Columbia documents (e.g., photos, videos) in social media sites. To un- derstand the potential benefits of using in a large-scale Flickr data set. Our pre- liminary experiments, building on baselines that use social media

Yang, Junfeng

435

THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK  

E-print Network

THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK BSSW PROGRAM Spring 2014 SW 200: Introduction to Social Work Instructor: Angela L. Obear, LCSW Email: aobear@utk.edu Section: Section 001 Phone: 517 Goals Provision of education and training that enable students to become generalist social work

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

436

THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK  

E-print Network

THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK BSSW PROGRAM Spring 2014 SW 207: Honors Introduction to Social Work Instructor: Angela L. Obear, LCSW Email: aobear@utk.edu Section: Section 001 Phone Goals Provision of education and training that enable students to become generalist social work

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

437

THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK  

E-print Network

THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK BSSW PROGRAM SW 481 ­ Senior Field Practice GOALS Provision of education and training that enable students to become generalist social work, and ethics that guide the social work profession are committed to evidence-based practice are grounded

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

438

THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK  

E-print Network

THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK BSSW PROGRAM Spring 2014 SW 467: Honors Goals Provision of education and training that enables students to become generalist social work, and ethics that guide the social work profession; are committed to evidence-based practice; are grounded

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

439

Identifying Social Satisfaction from Social Media  

E-print Network

We demonstrate the critical need to identify social situation and instability factors by acquiring public social satisfaction in this research. However, subject to the large amount of manual work cost in subject recruitment and data processing, conventional self-reported method cannot be implemented in real time or applied in large scale investigation. To solve the problem, this paper proposed an approach to predict users' social satisfaction, especially for the economy-related satisfaction based on users' social media records. We recruited 2,018 Cantonese active participants from each city in Guangdong province according to the population distribution. Both behavioral and linguistic features of the participants are extracted from the online records of social media, i.e., Sina Weibo. Regression models are used to predict Sina Weibo users' social satisfaction. Furthermore, we consult the economic indexes of Guangdong in 2012, and calculate the correlations between these indexes and the predicted social satisfa...

Bai, Shuotian; Hao, Bibo; Yuan, Sha; Zhu, Tingshao

2014-01-01

440

SocialAnthropology Social Anthropology  

E-print Network

156 SocialAnthropology Social Anthropology Degree options MA (Single Honours Degree) Social Anthropology MA (Joint Honours Degrees) Social Anthropology and one of: Ancient History Arabic Art History Anthropology Geography with Social Anthropology Social Anthropology with Geography Entrance Requirements (see

Brierley, Andrew

441

7 CFR 1135.1 - General provisions.  

...Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MILK), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE WESTERN MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling 1135.1 General provisions. The terms, definitions, and...

2014-01-01

442

12 CFR 210.3 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false General provisions. 210.3 Section 210.3 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM COLLECTION OF CHECKS AND OTHER ITEMS BY FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS AND FUNDS...

2010-01-01

443

40 CFR 1036.150 - Interim provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

40 Protection of Environment 34 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Interim provisions. 1036.150 ...emission credits for engines you certify in model year 2013 (2015 for spark-ignition engines) to the standards...

2013-07-01

444

48 CFR 225.7605 - Solicitation provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 225.7605 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Secondary Arab Boycott of Israel 225.7605 Solicitation provision. Unless an...

2012-10-01

445

45 CFR 612.1 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS AND INFORMATION 612.1 General provisions...rules that the National Science Foundation follows in...records under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), 5...

2010-10-01

446

14 CFR 1245.116 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 1245.116 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION PATENTS AND OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS Patent Waiver Regulations 1245.116 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) Filing of patent...

2012-01-01

447

14 CFR 1245.116 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 1245.116 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION PATENTS AND OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS Patent Waiver Regulations 1245.116 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) Filing of patent...

2010-01-01

448

14 CFR 1245.116 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Section 1245.116 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION PATENTS AND OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS Patent Waiver Regulations 1245.116 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) Filing of patent...

2011-01-01

449

14 CFR 1245.116 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 1245.116 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION PATENTS AND OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS Patent Waiver Regulations 1245.116 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) Filing of patent...

2013-01-01

450

38 CFR 53.32 - Recapture provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) PAYMENTS TO STATES FOR PROGRAMS TO PROMOTE THE HIRING AND RETENTION OF NURSES AT STATE VETERANS HOMES 53.32 Recapture provisions. If a State fails to use the funds provided under this...

2010-07-01

451

18 CFR 1314.10 - Additional provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Additional provisions. 1314.10 Section 1314.10 Conservation of Power and Water Resources TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY BOOK-ENTRY PROCEDURES FOR TVA POWER SECURITIES ISSUED THROUGH THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS 1314.10...

2010-04-01

452

5 CFR 531.611 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PAY UNDER THE GENERAL SCHEDULE Locality-Based Comparability Payments 531.611 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) A locality rate may be paid only for those hours for...

2011-01-01

453

5 CFR 531.611 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

...Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PAY UNDER THE GENERAL SCHEDULE Locality-Based Comparability Payments 531.611 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) A locality rate may be paid only for those hours for...

2014-01-01

454

5 CFR 531.611 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PAY UNDER THE GENERAL SCHEDULE Locality-Based Comparability Payments 531.611 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) A locality rate may be paid only for those hours for...

2010-01-01

455

5 CFR 531.611 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PAY UNDER THE GENERAL SCHEDULE Locality-Based Comparability Payments 531.611 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) A locality rate may be paid only for those hours for...

2012-01-01

456

40 CFR 53.30 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REFERENCE AND EQUIVALENT METHODS Procedures for Determining Comparability Between Candidate Methods and Reference Methods 53.30 General provisions. (a) Determination of comparability. The test procedures prescribed in this...

2013-07-01

457

40 CFR 53.30 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...REFERENCE AND EQUIVALENT METHODS Procedures for Determining Comparability Between Candidate Methods and Reference Methods 53.30 General provisions. (a) Determination of comparability. The test procedures prescribed in this...

2012-07-01

458

40 CFR 53.30 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...REFERENCE AND EQUIVALENT METHODS Procedures for Determining Comparability Between Candidate Methods and Reference Methods 53.30 General provisions. (a) Determination of comparability. The test procedures prescribed in this...

2010-07-01

459

40 CFR 53.30 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...REFERENCE AND EQUIVALENT METHODS Procedures for Determining Comparability Between Candidate Methods and Reference Methods 53.30 General provisions. (a) Determination of comparability. The test procedures prescribed in this...

2011-07-01

460

5 CFR 531.611 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PAY UNDER THE GENERAL SCHEDULE Locality-Based Comparability Payments 531.611 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) A locality rate may be paid only for those hours for...

2013-01-01

461

33 CFR 240.4 - Legislative provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2013-07-01...provisions. 240.4 Section 240.4 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS...1981 or within the 5 years prior to the initial obligation of reconnaissance study...

2013-07-01

462

33 CFR 240.4 - Legislative provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2012-07-01...provisions. 240.4 Section 240.4 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS...1981 or within the 5 years prior to the initial obligation of reconnaissance study...

2012-07-01

463

33 CFR 240.4 - Legislative provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01...provisions. 240.4 Section 240.4 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS...1981 or within the 5 years prior to the initial obligation of reconnaissance study...

2010-07-01

464

40 CFR 60.713 - Compliance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Magnetic Tape Coating Facilities 60.713 Compliance provisions. (a) Applicability of 60.712(b)(1) and...

2013-07-01

465

40 CFR 60.713 - Compliance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Magnetic Tape Coating Facilities 60.713 Compliance provisions. (a) Applicability of 60.712(b)(1) and...

2012-07-01

466

47 CFR 32.6512 - Provisioning expense.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...account shall include costs incurred in provisioning material and supplies, including office supplies. This includes receiving and stocking, filling requisitions from stock, monitoring and replenishing stock levels, delivery of material, storage,...

2011-10-01

467

47 CFR 32.6512 - Provisioning expense.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...account shall include costs incurred in provisioning material and supplies, including office supplies. This includes receiving and stocking, filling requisitions from stock, monitoring and replenishing stock levels, delivery of material, storage,...

2012-10-01

468

47 CFR 32.6512 - Provisioning expense.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...account shall include costs incurred in provisioning material and supplies, including office supplies. This includes receiving and stocking, filling requisitions from stock, monitoring and replenishing stock levels, delivery of material, storage,...

2010-10-01

469

47 CFR 32.6512 - Provisioning expense.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...account shall include costs incurred in provisioning material and supplies, including office supplies. This includes receiving and stocking, filling requisitions from stock, monitoring and replenishing stock levels, delivery of material, storage,...

2013-10-01

470

5 CFR 9701.614 - Savings provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Adverse Actions Savings Provision 9701...subpart does not apply to adverse actions proposed prior to the date...

2010-01-01

471

43 CFR 36.13 - Special provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...INTO, CONSERVATION SYSTEM UNITS IN ALASKA 36.13 Special provisions...the Ambler Mining District to the Alaska Pipeline Haul Road (Dalton Highway...alternate route. (c) Oil and Gas PipelinesArctic Slope Regional...

2010-10-01

472

40 CFR 61.173 - Compliance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standard for Inorganic Arsenic Emissions From Primary Copper Smelters 61.173 Compliance provisions. (a) The owner or operator of each...

2013-07-01

473

44 CFR 332.1 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01...General provisions. 332.1 Section 332.1 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY...

2010-10-01

474

29 CFR 1919.70 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... GEAR CERTIFICATION Certification of Shore-Based Material Handling Devices 1919...General provisions. (a) Certification of shore-based material handling devices shall...000 pounds. (d) When applied to shore-based material handling devices,...

2010-07-01

475

46 CFR Sec. 6 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SHIPPING AUTHORITY REPATRIATION OF SEAMEN Sec. 6 General provisions. (a) In case of repatriation of any seaman as a passenger aboard a vessel...contract shall be met. In any event, a seaman repatriate shall receive at...

2011-10-01

476

46 CFR Sec. 6 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SHIPPING AUTHORITY REPATRIATION OF SEAMEN Sec. 6 General provisions. (a) In case of repatriation of any seaman as a passenger aboard a vessel...contract shall be met. In any event, a seaman repatriate shall receive at...

2010-10-01

477

40 CFR 61.173 - Compliance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standard for Inorganic Arsenic Emissions From Primary Copper Smelters 61.173 Compliance provisions. (a) The owner or operator of each...

2010-07-01

478

40 CFR 61.173 - Compliance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standard for Inorganic Arsenic Emissions From Primary Copper Smelters 61.173 Compliance provisions. (a) The owner or operator of each...

2011-07-01

479

43 CFR 36.13 - Special provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...purposes across Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve (from the Ambler Mining District to the Alaska Pipeline Haul Road (Dalton Highway)) shall be permitted in accordance with the provisions of this section. (2) Upon the filing of an...

2012-10-01

480

43 CFR 36.13 - Special provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...purposes across Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve (from the Ambler Mining District to the Alaska Pipeline Haul Road (Dalton Highway)) shall be permitted in accordance with the provisions of this section. (2) Upon the filing of an...

2013-10-01

481

43 CFR 36.13 - Special provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...purposes across Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve (from the Ambler Mining District to the Alaska Pipeline Haul Road (Dalton Highway)) shall be permitted in accordance with the provisions of this section. (2) Upon the filing of an...

2011-10-01

482

45 CFR 402.20 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... OFFICE OF REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT, ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES STATE LEGALIZATION IMPACT ASSISTANCE GRANTS Administration of Grants 402.20 General provisions. Except...

2011-10-01

483

45 CFR 402.20 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... OFFICE OF REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT, ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES STATE LEGALIZATION IMPACT ASSISTANCE GRANTS Administration of Grants 402.20 General provisions. Except...

2010-10-01

484

40 CFR 63.647 - Wastewater provisions.  

...AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries 63.647 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, each owner or...

2014-07-01

485

14 CFR 31.41 - Inspection provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: MANNED FREE BALLOONS Design Construction 31.41 Inspection provisions. There must be a means to allow close examination of each...

2010-01-01

486

14 CFR 31.41 - Inspection provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: MANNED FREE BALLOONS Design Construction 31.41 Inspection provisions. There must be a means to allow close examination of each...

2012-01-01

487

14 CFR 31.41 - Inspection provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: MANNED FREE BALLOONS Design Construction 31.41 Inspection provisions. There must be a means to allow close examination of each...

2011-01-01

488

75 FR 81952 - Gap in Termination Provisions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LIBRARY OF CONGRESS Copyright Office 37 CFR Part...Provisions AGENCY: Copyright Office, Library of Congress. ACTION: Notice of inquiry...SUMMARY: The Copyright Office of the Library of Congress is extending the time in...

2010-12-29

489

40 CFR 94.303 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...generation or use of credits in this certification averaging, banking, and trading program. Engines certified to the Blue Sky provisions of 94.8(f) are not eligible for inclusion in this certification averaging, banking, and trading...

2013-07-01

490

40 CFR 94.303 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...generation or use of credits in this certification averaging, banking, and trading program. Engines certified to the Blue Sky provisions of 94.8(f) are not eligible for inclusion in this certification averaging, banking, and trading...

2011-07-01

491

40 CFR 94.303 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...generation or use of credits in this certification averaging, banking, and trading program. Engines certified to the Blue Sky provisions of 94.8(f) are not eligible for inclusion in this certification averaging, banking, and trading...

2012-07-01

492

32 CFR 761.4 - Special provisions.  

...Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY ISLANDS UNDER NAVY JURISDICTION NAVAL...AND THE TRUST TERRITORY OF THE PACIFIC ISLANDS Introduction 761.4 Special provisions. (a) Entry into islands in the Kwajalein Atoll under...

2014-07-01

493

40 CFR 63.1433 - Wastewater provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutant Emissions for Polyether Polyols Production 63.1433 Wastewater provisions. (a) Process wastewater. Except as specified in...

2010-07-01

494

40 CFR 63.343 - Compliance provisions.  

...FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES National Emission Standards for Chromium Emissions From Hard and Decorative Chromium Electroplating and Chromium Anodizing Tanks 63.343 Compliance provisions. (a) Compliance...

2014-07-01

495

42 CFR 88.2 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES WORLD TRADE CENTER HEALTH PROGRAM 88.2 General provisions. (a) Designated representative. (1) An applicant,...

2012-10-01

496

42 CFR 88.2 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES WORLD TRADE CENTER HEALTH PROGRAM 88.2 General provisions. (a) Designated representative. (1) An applicant,...

2011-10-01

497

42 CFR 88.2 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES WORLD TRADE CENTER HEALTH PROGRAM 88.2 General provisions. (a) Designated representative. (1) An applicant,...

2013-10-01

498

34 CFR 74.48 - Contract provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...provisions. 74.48 Section 74.48 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education ADMINISTRATION OF GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT...

2010-07-01

499

24 CFR 81.99 - Additional provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Book-Entry Procedures 81.99 Additional provisions. (a) Additional requirements. In any case or...

2013-04-01

500

24 CFR 81.99 - Additional provisions.  

...REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC) Book-Entry Procedures 81.99 Additional provisions. (a) Additional requirements. In any case or...

2014-04-01