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1

Measuring Social Provisions for Physical Activity among Adolescent Black and White Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors evaluate the validity of the Social Provisions Scale for physical activity among adolescent Black (n = 896) and White (n = 823) girls. The girls completed the scale and measures of subjective norms and physical activity in the eighth and ninth grades. Within the sample of White girls, the Social Provisions Scale contained 24 items that…

Motl, Robert W.; Dishman, Rod K.; Saunders, Ruth P.; Dowda, Marsha; Pate, Russell R.

2004-01-01

2

SMALL-SCALE SEED PROVISION IN GHANA: SOCIAL RELATIONS, CONTRACTS AND INSTITUTIONS FOR MICRO-ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large number of small-scale enterprises growing, dealing and marketing seed emerged during the economic reforms of the 1980s in Ghana. The enterprises are dynamic and able to produce and market seed, despite limits on the availability of capital. This paper examines the nature of small-scale maize and cowpea seed enterprises in the two regions of Brong Ahafo and Ashanti

Fergus Lyon; Seth Afikorah-Danquah

1998-01-01

3

Discountinuing Social Security's Currently Insured Benefit Provision Would Save Millions and Eliminate Inequities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of Social Security's benefit eligibility insurance provisions, the currently insured provision, no longer has relevance. Discontinuance of the provision could save Social Security's trust funds about $180 million through 1990 and will not affect survi...

1982-01-01

4

The Social Integration Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Social Integration Scale (SIS) is intended to facilitate empirical research on the applicability of control theory to many types of adult crime, including "street crime," white collar crime, and physical assaults on spouses. There are five subscales: (1) belief (belief in law and social control); (2) commitment (psychological investment in…

Ross, Susan M.; Straus, Murray A.

5

Private sector criteria and the radical change in provision of social housing in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1988 Housing Act signalled substantial changes in the provision of social housing in England. The act places housing associations at the centre of social housing provision. Moreover, their role as the main providers of social housing depends, in line with government intentions, on the greater use of private finance, as the proportion of public sector funds declines. The introduction

M Pryke; C Whitehead

1995-01-01

6

20 CFR 243.5 - Assignment of a portion of an annuity paid under the social security overall minimum provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...portion of an annuity paid under the social security overall minimum provision...portion of an annuity paid under the social security overall minimum provision...Railroad Retirement Act, the social security overall minimum...

2013-04-01

7

The widow(er)'s limit provision of Social Security.  

PubMed

Widow benefits have been a part of the Social Security program since the 1939 amendments to the Social Security Act (widower benefits were added later). For many years, the Social Security law called for paying a widow(er) a fraction of the deceased worker's primary insurance amount (PIA). However, the worker--while alive--may have received the full PIA as his or her retirement benefit. Over time, arguments were made that a widow(er) should be treated as generously as his or her spouse was. The 1972 amendments to the Social Security Act allowed for a widow(er) to receive a full PIA, subject to actuarial reductions if the widow(er) benefit was claimed before the normal retirement age (NRA) and subject to a new provision of the law commonly referred to as the widow(er)'s limit. Generally, the widow(er)'s limit specifies that if a worker received reduced retirement benefits (because the worker claimed benefits before the NRA), then the worker's widow(er) cannot receive a monthly benefit equal to the full PIA. Rather, the widow(er)'s benefit is generally limited to the amount the worker would receive if he or she was still alive. The limit provision appears to be motivated by the overall intent of the 1972 Congress to pay a benefit to a widow(er) that was comparable with what the worker received. A number of changes to the limit provision have been discussed. This article looks at the following options: Abolishing the limit, Raising the limit by requiring that it never be set below the average PIA among all retired-worker beneficiaries. Adjusting the limit for some widow(er)s--that is, only persons who are widowed before the NRA (the ARLA option), Making a simpler adjustment to the limit by abolishing it for persons who are widowed before age 62 (the SARLA option), and A proposal by Robert J. Myers that would make modest adjustments to the limit for cases in which the worker died before the NRA. The most fundamental change--abolishing the limit--would increase benefits for about 2.8 million widow(er)s and would cost about $3.1 billion a year. Most of the additional government expenditures would not go to the poor and the near poor. Another change would be more successful in aiding low-income widow(er)s: requiring that the limit amount never be set below the average PIA among all retired-worker beneficiaries. About 58 percent of the government expenditures from that option would be received by the poor and the near poor. Overall, 1.2 million widow(er)s would be helped, and the cost would be about $816 million a year. Although the limit provision is consistent with the overall intent of the 1972 Congress, it can have effects that may have been unintended and that some policymakers might consider unusual. Persons who delay receipt of Social Security benefits usually receive higher monthly benefit amounts, but a widow(er) who faces a limit cannot increase his or her monthly benefit through delayed receipt of benefits. Thus, many persons who are widowed before the NRA face strong incentives to claim benefits early. That is somewhat unusual because the actuarial adjustments under Social Security are approximately fair, so there are no cost savings to the Social Security program from "forcing" a widow(er) to claim early benefits as opposed to allowing him or her to delay receipt of benefits in exchange for a higher monthly amount. And many widow(er)s would be better off if they could use the Social Security program to, in effect, save (that is, delay receipt of benefits in exchange for a higher amount later). This article analyzes two other options that would provide widow(er)s with additional filing options under Social Security. The ARLA option would ultimately help about 229,000 widow(er)s, and the cost would be small (about $69 million a year). The SARLA option would help about 117,000 widow(er)s, and the cost would be about $41 million a year. Robert J. Myers, a former Chief Actuary of Social Security, has offered a proposal that would provide relief from the widow(er)'s limit in cases in which the worker dies shortl

Weaver, D A

8

Vineland Social Maturity Scale Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Vineland Social Maturity Scale (VSMS), despite its limitations, is an excellent clinical technique and includes psychometric and questionnaire characteristics. It is a good single measure of adaptive behavior. The VSMS Profile in this paper uses content categories different from the original Scale, but based upon the same items. It lends…

Pedrini, D. T.; Pedrini, Bonnie C.

9

A Society without a "State"? Political Organization, Social Conflict, and Welfare Provision in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The programmatic structure and modes of implementation of U.S. social provisions must be understood in order to gain insight into social programs in the United States. National standards have not been established for public benefits and "social security" has remained firmly separated, both institutionally and symbolically, from "welfare." Many…

Skocpol, Theda

10

The social construction of scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last ten years, scholars in human geography have been paying increasing theoretical and empirical attention to understanding the ways in which the production of scale is implicated in the production of space. Overwhelmingly, this work reflects a social construc- tionist approach, which situates capitalist production (and the role of the state, capital, labor and nonstate political actors) as

Sallie A. Marston

2000-01-01

11

Social Support Provision And Cultural Values In Indonesia And Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous cross-cultural research into social support has attributed national variations in social support to assumed cultural values but has rarely measured these values at an individual level. This study investigates the relationship between support offered and individualism among 186 government workers in Indonesia and the United Kingdom. Indonesian respondents were more willing to offer support to strangers than their British

Robin Goodwin; Sophie Giles

2003-01-01

12

Economies of scale and scope in the provision of home health services.  

PubMed

This study examines the issue of economies of scale for home health agencies. A quadratic cost function is estimated utilizing a 1982 national data set based on Medicare Cost Reports for 2000 home health agencies. This paper concludes that neither economies of scale nor scope are substantial in the provision of home health services. PMID:10312164

Kass, D I

1987-06-01

13

Ethnicizing Poverty through Social Security Provision in Rural Hungary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rural poverty has become an increasingly ethnicised category for the majority society in contemporary Hungary. The article aims to explore the process and practice of social exclusion and ethnicisation in relation to mutual effects of post-socialist welfare restructuring and changing discourse on poverty in the post-socialist rural reality. The…

Schwarcz, Gyongyi

2012-01-01

14

Drug prevention for young people with social, emotional and behavioural difficulties attending special education provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

The levels of drug use amongst school?aged young people have risen over the past decade. Prevention initiatives have been developed using empirical evidence obtained from school?based surveys. The empirical evidence base of drug use amongst young people with social, emotional and behavioural difficulties (SEBD) attending special education provision is very limited. The implications of this knowledge gap for addressing drug

Patrick McCrystal

2008-01-01

15

Supervisor and Supervisee Attachments and Social Provisions Related to the Supervisory Working Alliance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the relationship between supervisors' and supervisees' self-reported ability to make healthy adult attachments in relationships, social provisions, and the perceptions of the supervisory working alliance. Data indicated that supervisors' ability to make adult attachments was predictive of both the supervisees' and supervisors'…

White, Victoria E.; Queener, John

2003-01-01

16

Service provision and functional independence in depressed stroke patients and the effect of social work intervention on these  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE To compare the provision of health and social services between a social work intervention and non-intervention group. DESIGN Depressed stroke patients were randomly assigned to either an intervention or non-intervention group. Over a 4 month period both groups were visited three times by an independent assessor who rated them on service provision and functional independence. SETTING Patients' homes. PATIENTS

D Towle; N B Lincoln; L M Mayfield

1989-01-01

17

Networking for large-scale science: infrastructure, provisioning, transport and application mapping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large-scale science computations and experiments require unprecedented network capabilities in the form of large bandwidth and dynamically stable connections to support data transfers, interactive visualizations, and monitoring and steering operations. A number of component technologies dealing with the infrastructure, provisioning, transport and application mappings must be developed and\\/or optimized to achieve these capabilities. We present a brief account of the

Nageswara S. Rao; Steven M. Carter; Qishi Wu; William R. Wing; Mengxia Zhu; Anthony Mezzacappa; Malathi Veeraraghavan; John M. Blondin

2005-01-01

18

Energy-Aware Server Provisioning in Large Scale Video-On-Demand Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Video-on-demand has been emerging as a very popular internet service in recent years. But energy consumption is becoming a critical issue as these services scale up. In this paper, we propose an energy-aware server provisioning strategy which dynamically turns on\\/off servers in order to adaptively tailor active servers to dynamic user load. We initiate a stochastic model which characterizes unique

Ke Zeng; Jian Yang

2010-01-01

19

The Impact of Support Received and Support Provision on Changes in Perceived Social Support among Older Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study uses longitudinal data from the 1993 U.S. Midwest floods to examine the influence of support received and support provision on changes in perceived social support among older adults exposed to an acute stressor. Results indicated that flood exposure and higher levels of social support at Time 1 were positively associated with…

Tyler, Kimberly A.

2006-01-01

20

The Impact of Support Received and Support Provision on Changes in Perceived Social Support among Older Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study uses longitudinal data from the 1993 U.S. Midwest floods to examine the influence of support received and support provision on changes in perceived social support among older adults exposed to an acute stressor. Results indicated that flood exposure and higher levels of social support at Time 1 were positively associated with…

Tyler, Kimberly A.

2006-01-01

21

A new scale of social desirability independent of psychopathology  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new social desirability scale was constructed and correlated with MMPI scales. Comparison was made with correlations of the Edwards Social Desirability scale. The new scale correlated highly with MMPI scales and supported the definition of social desirability. Ss need to respond in \\

Douglas P. Crowne; David Marlowe

1960-01-01

22

Task allocation and reproductive skew in social mass provisioning carpenter bees in relation to age and size  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: The mass provisioning carpenter bees comprise two tribes, the Xylocopini and the Ceratinini. Although social nesting occurs in both tribes, no morphological castes have evolved and females are totipotent, which makes the tribe as a whole highly suitable to test predictions of reproductive skew models. We review current information for the two tribes with respect to reproductive competition and

K. Hogendoorn; H. H. W. Velthuis

1999-01-01

23

Provisioning a Multi-Tiered Data Staging Area for Extreme-Scale Machines  

SciTech Connect

Massively parallel scientific applications, running on extreme-scale supercomputers, produce hundreds of terabytes of data per run, driving the need for storage solutions to improve their I/O performance. Traditional parallel file systems (PFS) in high performance computing (HPC) systems are unable to keep up with such high data rates, creating a storage wall. In this work, we present a novel multi-tiered storage architecture comprising hybrid node-local resources to construct a dynamic data staging area for extreme-scale machines. Such a staging ground serves as an impedance matching device between applications and the PFS. Our solution combines diverse resources (e.g., DRAM, SSD) in such a way as to approach the performance of the fastest component technology and the cost of the least expensive one. We have developed an automated provisioning algorithm that aids in meeting the checkpointing performance requirement of HPC applications, by using a least-cost storage configuration. We evaluate our approach using both an implementation on a large scale cluster and a simulation driven by six-years worth of Jaguar supercomputer job-logs, and show that our approach, by choosing an appropriate storage configuration, achieves 41.5% cost savings with only negligible impact on performance.

Prabhakar, Ramya A [ORNL; Vazhkudai, Sudharshan S [ORNL; Kim, Youngjae [ORNL; Butt, Ali R [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Li, Min [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Kandemir, Mahmut [Pennsylvania State University

2011-01-01

24

Selection and Scaling of Real Accelerograms for BiDirectional Loading: A Review of Current Practice and Code Provisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The seismic behavior of asymmetric building structures is often complex and reductions to plane problems which can be analyzed with a single horizontal ground-motion component are often deemed unsatisfactory. As a consequence, dynamic structural analyses with both horizontal ground-motion components become more common, both in research as well as in practice. A review of code provisions regarding selection and scaling

Katrin Beyer; Julian J. Bommer

2007-01-01

25

Provision of Student Learning Support Services in a Large-Scale Distance Education System at Universitas Terbuka, Indonesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper addresses the practice and experience of Universitas Terbuka (UT) in the provision of learning support services for students in a large-scale distance education system. The UT, which has a network of 37 regional offices and participating institutions, has challenges to provide and manage effective learning support system for more than…

Zuhairi, Aminudin; Adnan, Irma; Thaib, Dina

2007-01-01

26

The Zimbabwe Crisis and the Provision of Social ServicesHealth and Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, health care in Zimbabwe was provided primarily to cater to colonial administrators and the expatriate, with separate care or second-provision made for Africans. There was no need for legislation to guarantee its provision to the settler community. To address the inequities in health that had existed prior to 1980, at independence, Zimbabwe adopted the concept of Equity in Health

Norman Z. Nyazema

2010-01-01

27

Managing Mental Health Service Provision in the Decentralized, Multi-layered Health and Social Care System of Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The effective coordination of mental health service provision is a requirement for successfully reforming mental health care from a hospital-focused system towards a more decentralized, community-oriented one. Implementing such coordination is particularly challenging in a decentralized, multi-layered health and social care system such as exists in Germany. Aim of the Study: (i) To investigate the coordination and planning of

Anke Bramesfeld; Matthias Wismar; Kai Mosebach

2004-01-01

28

Task allocation and reproductive skew in social mass provisioning carpenter bees in relation to age and size  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mass provisioning carpenter bees comprise two tribes,\\u000athe Xylocopini and the Ceratinini. Although social nesting\\u000aoccurs in both tribes, no morphological castes have evolved\\u000aand females are totipotent, which makes the tribe as a whole\\u000ahighly suitable to test predictions of reproductive skew\\u000amodels. We review current information for the two tribes\\u000awith respect to reproductive competition and reproductive

K. Hogendoorn; H. H. W. Velthuis

1998-01-01

29

Development and Assessment of the Social Issues Advocacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development and the initial psychometric evaluation of the Social Issues Advocacy Scale in two studies. In the first study, an exploratory factor analysis (n = 278) revealed a four-factor scale, accounting for 71.4% of the variance, measuring different aspects of social issue advocacy: Political and Social Advocacy,…

Nilsson, Johanna E.; Marszalek, Jacob M.; Linnemeyer, Rachel M.; Bahner, Angela D.; Misialek, Leah Hanson

2011-01-01

30

A Turkish Version of the School Social Behavior Scales (SSBS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to enhance social skills instruction in Turkey, the present study highlights the process and outcome of creating a Turkish-language version of the School Social Behavior Scales (SSBS), originally developed by Merrell (1993). The social skills of the Turkish pre-and elementary school students were based on the Likert scale. The analyses of…

Yukay-Yuksel, Muge

2009-01-01

31

22 CFR 96.49 - Provision of medical and social information in incoming cases.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and other significant medical events, and the reasons...responsible for obtaining social information about the...but not limited to any social work or court reports on the...efforts to secure those medical or social records that could...

2009-04-01

32

22 CFR 96.49 - Provision of medical and social information in incoming cases.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and other significant medical events, and the reasons...responsible for obtaining social information about the...but not limited to any social work or court reports on the...efforts to secure those medical or social records that could...

2010-04-01

33

Time Horizon and Social Scale in Communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2009 our center (CRED) published a first version of The Psychology of Climate Change Communication. In it, we attempted to summarize facts and concepts from psychological research that could help guide communication. While this work focused on climate change, most of the ideas are at least partly applicable for communication about a variety of natural hazards. Of the many examples in this guide, I mention three. Single-action bias is the human tendency to stop considering further actions that might be needed to deal with a given hazard, once a single action has been taken. Another example is the importance of group affiliation in motivating voluntary contributions to joint action. A third concerns the finding that group participation enhances understanding of probabilistic concepts and promotes action in the face of uncertainty. One current research direction, which goes beyond those included in the above publication, focuses on how time horizons arise in the thinking of individuals and groups, and how these time horizons might influence hazard preparedness. On the one hand, individuals sometimes appear impatient, organizations look for immediate results, and officials fail to look beyond the next election cycle. Yet under some laboratory conditions and in some subcultures, a longer time horizon is adopted. We are interested in how time horizon is influenced by group identity and by the very architecture of planning and decision making. Institutional changes, involving long-term contractual relationships among communities, developers, insurers, and governments, could greatly increase resilience in the face of natural hazards. Communication about hazards, in the context of such long-term contractual relationships might look very different from communication that is first initiated by immediate threat. Another new direction concerns the social scale of institutions and of communication about hazards. Traditionally, insurance contracts share risk among a large number of insurees: each contributes a small premium toward a fund that is adequate to cover the large losses that occasionally occur. Participatory processes are needed that extend risk sharing to larger social scales and that reduce adversarial relationships between insurers, insurees, insurance regulators, and governments that intervene or fail to intervene on an ad hoc rather than a contractual basis.

Krantz, D. H.

2010-12-01

34

Social Status and Influence: Evidence from an Artefactual Field Experiment on Local Public Good Provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

I look at the effect of social status on transmission of pro-social behavior. In an artefactual field experiment conducted in northern Colombia I observe contribution to local biodiversity conservation. The design varies whether choice is observable or not and social status of observing\\/observed individuals. Status is derived from a social ranking exercise identifying formal and moral leaders within the community.

Giovanna dAdda

2011-01-01

35

The Social Phobia and Social Interaction Anxiety Scales: Evaluation of Psychometric Properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present investigations examined the factor structure and psychometric properties of two new self-report measures of social phobia, the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and the Social Phobia Scale (SPS). A confirmatory factor analysis in Study I provided support for the fit of a two-factor model of the SIAS and SPS. Internal consistency estimates were high for the original two

Augustine Osman; Peter M. Gutierrez; Francisco X. Barrios; Beverly A. Kopper; Christine E. Chiros

1998-01-01

36

Direct and Indirect Effects of Religiosity on Valuation of Life through Forgiveness and Social Provisions among Older Incarcerated Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose of the study: Few studies have investigated the influence of religiosity (REL), forgiveness, and social resources on incarcerated individuals' attachment to their lives, or valuation of life (VOL). We tested a model linking REL to VOL through 3 subscales of the Heartland Forgiveness Scale (Self, Others, and Situations) and social

Randall, G. K.; Bishop, Alex J.

2013-01-01

37

The New Affordable and Social Housing Provision System in China: Implications for Comparative Housing Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dramatic changes in urban housing provision in China after 1980 have been widely described and assessed. This paper updates earlier accounts of policy change in China and reflects upon the significance of these changes for theoretical and conceptual frameworks used in comparative housing studies. Housing privatisation and commercialisation transformed the Chinese socialist housing system into a dynamic housing market

Ya Ping Wang; Alan Murie

2011-01-01

38

Integrated and Early Childhood Education: Preparation for Social Development. Theme A: Relevant Provision for Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This seminar paper explores research bearing on the provision of early childhood education in Zimbabwe. Initially, unresolved problems in the developmental literature are pointed out to support the view that those concerned with intervention in the developmental process can only proceed heuristically by basing their action on theoretical…

Biesheuvel, S.

39

An Assessment of the Argumentativeness Scale for Social Desirability Bias.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigates the relationship between the argumentativeness scale and judgments of its social desirability. Finds that when the variance in argumentativeness that can be attributed to social desirability is removed, the difference between the sexes diminishes. Analyzes sex differences in social desirability, and concludes that sex differences on…

Nicotera, Anne Maydan

1996-01-01

40

Initial Reliability and Validity of the Perceived Social Competence Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study describes the development and validation of a perceived social competence scale that social workers can easily use to assess children's and youth's social competence. Method: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted on a calibration and a cross-validation sample of youth. Predictive validity was also…

Anderson-Butcher, Dawn; Iachini, Aidyn L.; Amorose, Anthony J.

2008-01-01

41

Material and social deprivation and health and social services utilisation in Québec: a local-scale evaluation system.  

PubMed

Very few studies have employed local-scale analyses to evaluate how well primary health care and social services reach the most socially and economically deprived individuals. This paper describes a project, conducted in close partnership with decision-makers and practitioners at selected local community service centres (in French, CLSCs) in Quebec, Canada, that developed a system for assessing primary care and social services utilisation by applying deprivation levels defined at the local scale (i.e., according to the distribution of deprivation in individual CLSC service areas). More than 25 years ago, Québec started setting up a province-wide network of publicly financed CLSCs whose mission was to offer first-line health and social services at the local level. Now approximately one Quebecer in four receives at least one service a year from a CLSC. The evaluation system presented in this article is built on deprivation profiles for each CLSC service area and comprises maps, relative indices of service utilisation, and an interpretation framework that facilitates the integration of new data into the decision-making and services planning processes. Study results show that deprivation levels, when defined using local perspectives, correspond more closely to decision-makers' perceptions, that relative indices are sensitive to key determinants of services provision and utilisation, and that the interpretation framework is useful for reassessing intervention strategies. PMID:17287059

Philibert, M D; Pampalon, R; Hamel, D; Thouez, J-P; Loiselle, C G

2007-02-06

42

Physicians' social competence in the provision of care to persons living in poverty: research protocol  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The quality of the physician-patient therapeutic relationship is a key factor in the effectiveness of care. Unfortunately, physicians and people living in poverty inhabit very different social milieux, and this great social distance hinders the development of a therapeutic alliance. Social competence is a process based on knowledge, skills and attitudes that support effective interaction between the physician and

Christine Loignon; Jeannie L Haggerty; Martin Fortin; Christophe P Bedos; Dawn Allen; David Barbeau

2010-01-01

43

Social preferences and private provision of public goods: A ‘double critical mass’ model  

Microsoft Academic Search

We set up an evolutionary game-theoretic model aimed at addressing the issue of local public good provision via direct commitment\\u000a of voluntary forces (private donors and nonprofit providers) only. Two classes of agents are assumed to strategically interact\\u000a within a ‘double critical mass’ model and we investigate the critical factors affecting the dynamic outcomes of such interaction.\\u000a Further, we explore

Angelo Antoci; Pier Luigi Sacco; Luca Zarri

2008-01-01

44

Natural resource management at four social scales: psychological type matters.  

PubMed

Understanding organisation at different social scales is crucial to learning how social processes play a role in sustainable natural resource management. Research has neglected the potential role that individual personality plays in decision making in natural resource management. In the past two decades natural resource management across rural Australia has increasingly come under the direct influence of voluntary participatory groups, such as Catchment Management Authorities. The greater complexity of relationships among all stakeholders is a serious management challenge when attempting to align their differing aspirations and values at four social institutional scales-local, regional, state and national. This is an exploratory study on the psychological composition of groups of stakeholders at the four social scales in natural resource management in Australia. This article uses the theory of temperaments and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) to investigate the distribution of personality types. The distribution of personality types in decision-making roles in natural resource management was markedly different from the Australian Archive sample. Trends in personality were found across social scales with Stabilizer temperament more common at the local scale and Theorist temperament more common at the national scale. Greater similarity was found at the state and national scales. Two temperaments comprised between 76 and 90% of participants at the local and regional scales, the common temperament type was Stabilizer. The dissimilarity was Improviser (40%) at the local scale and Theorist (29%) at the regional scale. Implications for increasing participation and bridging the gap between community and government are discussed. PMID:20148248

Allison, Helen; Hobbs, Richard

2010-02-11

45

Effects of provision and receipt of social support on adjustment to laparoscopic radical prostatectomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radical prostatectomy has a negative impact on prostate cancer patients’ health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Social support may help patients adjust to their situation after surgery. We investigated patients’ accounts of received social support as well as their spouses’ accounts of provided social support as predictors of patients’ HRQoL 6 months after surgery. Moreover, we tested whether patients with lower

Urte Scholz; Nina Knoll; Jan Roigas; Oliver Gralla

2008-01-01

46

Re-scaling social preference data: implications for modelling  

Microsoft Academic Search

As applied in cost-utility analysis, generic health status indexes require that full health and dead are valued as 1 and 0, respectively. When social preference weights for health states are obtained using a visual analogue scale (VAS), their raw scores often lie on a scale with different endpoints (such as “best” and “worst” health). Re-scaling individual raw scores to a

Irina Cleemput; Paul Kind; Katrien Kesteloot

2004-01-01

47

The Social Aptitudes Scale: an initial validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Poor social skills are associated with a range of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders, with deficits being particularly\\u000a marked in autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs). Here, we validate a brief measure of social aptitudes where low scores are designed\\u000a to index a substantially raised risk of ASDs.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  Parents of a national community sample of 7,977 British 5–16 year olds completed the Social

Elizabeth B. Liddle; Martin J. Batty; Robert Goodman

2009-01-01

48

Measuring Social Desirability: Short Forms of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

A practical difficulty with the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (SDS) is its length. Preferring a shorter measure of social desirability, researchers have devised a number of short forms of the SDS. The present study used confirmatory factor analysis to establish the adequacy of these subscales in measuring social desirability. Results showed that (a) of the six short forms of SDS

Donald G. Fischer; Carol Fick

1993-01-01

49

Psychometric evaluation of the Social Interaction Phobia Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study evaluated the psychometric properties of a novel measure of social anxiety symptoms, the Social Interaction Phobia Scale (SIPS), as a stand-alone item set, using an undergraduate sample (N=512). The 14-item SIPS has three subscales assessing Social Interaction Anxiety, Fear of Overt Evaluation, and Fear of Attracting Attention. Confirmatory factor analyses replicated the three-factor structure for the SIPS

Alison R. Reilly; R. Nicholas Carleton

2011-01-01

50

Psychometric evaluation of the Social Interaction Phobia Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study evaluated the psychometric properties of a novel measure of social anxiety symptoms, the Social Interaction Phobia Scale (SIPS), as a stand-alone item set, using an undergraduate sample (N=512). The 14-item SIPS has three subscales assessing Social Interaction Anxiety, Fear of Overt Evaluation, and Fear of Attracting Attention. Confirmatory factor analyses replicated the three-factor structure for the SIPS

Alison R. Reilly; R. Nicholas Carleton

2012-01-01

51

Social Vulnerability Scale for older adults: Validation study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Social Vulnerability Scale (SVS), an informant-report of social vulnerability for older adults, was piloted in a sample of 167 undergraduate students (63 male, 104 female) from the University of Queensland. Participants aged 18 - 53 (M ¼ 25.53 years, SD ¼ 7.83 years) completed the SVS by rating a relative or friend aged ? 50 years (M ¼ 71.65

DONNA M. PINSKER; Valerie Stone; Nancy Pachana; Stephen Greenspan

2006-01-01

52

[A social backing program and motivation provision in patients with tuberculosis].  

PubMed

The purpose of the study was to obtain information on tuberculosis patients' needs, perception, and expectations from health care as a whole and social backing in order to improve the implementation of a program for enhancing tuberculosis patients' motivation for recovery and treatment. Anonymous voluntary questioning using the standard questionnaire was carried out among new tuberculosis cases registered to be treated in 4 subjects of the Russian Federation (the Oryol, Vladimir, and Belgorod Regions, and the Republic of Mariy-El). Eighty-seven patients who had stopped being treated before the appointed time and 1302 patients who were receiving chemotherapy at the time of questioning were interviewed using the questionnaire. The main reasons for treatment discontinuance in those who stopped treatment before the appointed time were the necessity of earning their living (30%), alcohol consumption (30%), inadequate health education of the patients who considered themselves to be healthy (25%). Most patients (67%) preferred rewards as social backing, products/hot food (41%), and fare (32%). Among the proposed social backing schemes, the most popular ones were those that envisaged small daily rewards (23%) or a large final bonus (21%). The majority (67%) of patients preferred outpatient treatment. Thus, patients with tuberculosis face a great deal of problems that affect their motivation for treatment. To satisfy some of these problems is not the direct duties of an antituberculosis service due to the fact that the manning table lacks appropriate posts and an item of expenses. Therefore additional funds should be allocated from the budgets of a subject of the Russian Federation and/or municipal entities for adequate organization of social backing of patients with tuberculosis to enhance the efficiency of their treatment. Collaboration of antituberculosis services of the Russian Federation's subjects with social organizations and an addiction service along the availability of psychological and legal consultations to patients is the most optimum variant of social backing organization to improve the patients' motivation for treatment. PMID:19459239

Iakuboviak, V; Bogorodskaia, E M; Borisov, S E; Danilova, I D; Lomakina, O B; Kurbatova, E V

2009-01-01

53

Drug Prevention for Young People with Social, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties Attending Special Education Provision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The levels of drug use amongst school-aged young people have risen over the past decade. Prevention initiatives have been developed using empirical evidence obtained from school-based surveys. The empirical evidence base of drug use amongst young people with social, emotional and behavioural difficulties (SEBD) attending special education…

McCrystal, Patrick

2008-01-01

54

Paying for performance and the social relations of health care provision: an anthropological perspective.  

PubMed

Over the past decade, the use of financial incentive schemes has become a popular form of intervention to boost performance in the health sector. Often termed "paying for performance" or P4P, they involve "…the transfer of money or material goods conditional upon taking a measurable action or achieving a predetermined performance target" (Eldridge & Palmer, 2009, p.160). P4P appear to bring about rapid improvements in some measured indicators of provider performance, at least over the short term. However, evidence for the impact of these schemes on the wider health system remains limited, and even where evaluations have been positive, unintended effects have been identified. These have included: "gaming" the system; crowding out of "intrinsic motivation"; a drop in morale where schemes are viewed as unfair; and the undermining of social relations and teamwork through competition, envy or ill feeling. Less information is available concerning how these processes occur, and how they vary across social and cultural contexts. While recognizing the potential of P4P, the authors argue for greater care in adapting schemes to particular local contexts. We suggest that insights from social science theory coupled with the focused ethnographic methods of anthropology can contribute to the critical assessment of P4P schemes and to their adaptation to particular social environments and reward systems. We highlight the need for monitoring P4P schemes in relation to worker motivation and the quality of social relations, since these have implications both for health sector performance over the long term and for the success and sustainability of a P4P scheme. Suggestions are made for ethnographies, undertaken in collaboration with local stakeholders, to assess readiness for P4P; package rewards in ways that minimize perverse responses; identify process variables for monitoring and evaluation; and build sustainability into program design through linkage with complementary reforms. PMID:22921245

Magrath, Priscilla; Nichter, Mark

2012-08-05

55

Exploring the Relationship Between Trust in Government and the Provision of Social Services in Countries of the Global South: The Case of Palestine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a data set combining two surveys that were conducted by Birzeit University in Palestine, the study investigates the role that trust in government plays in the provision of social services in Palestine (N= 1,314). The relationship between trust in government and selected sociodemographic characteristics is also explored. Results from the bivariate and regression analyses performed reveal that perceived trust

Najwa Sado Safadi; Margaret Lombe

2011-01-01

56

The Needs and Provision Complexity Scale: a multicentre prospective cohort analysis of met and unmet needs and their cost implications for patients with complex neurological disability  

PubMed Central

Objective To provide a brief overview of the Needs and Provision Complexity Scale (NPCS) and report its first application to describe the level of ‘met’ and ‘unmet’ health/social care needs, and to estimate their costs in community-based patients with complex neurological disability. Design A multicentre prospective cohort analysis. Setting Consecutive discharges to the community from the nine tertiary specialist inpatient neurorehabilitation units in London over 12?months (2010/2011). Participants Patients responding at follow-up (n=211). Mean age 50.2(SD14) years, males:females 127/84. Diagnosis 157(74%) brain injury, 27(13%) spinal cord injury/peripheral neuropathy; 27(13%) other. Primary outcome measure The NPCS is a brief, pragmatic, directly costable instrument for measuring both an individual's needs for rehabilitation and support (NPCS-Needs) and the levels of service provided (NPCS-Gets) within a given period. Methods The ‘NPCS-Needs’ was completed by the treating clinical team at discharge. Patients and/or their carers self-reported ‘NPCS-Gets’ after 6?months by a postal/online questionnaire supported by a follow-up telephone interview. Results Needs for medical/nursing care and accommodation were generally well met. Significant shortfalls in provision were identified in the subscales of Rehabilitation (paired t test: t ?9.7, p<0.001, effect size (ES)=?0.85), Social support (t ?5.8, p<0.001, ES=?0.48) and Equipment (t ?5.6, p<0.001, ES=?0.44). Item-level analysis demonstrated that the frequency of Personal care received exceeded predicted needs (Wilcoxon z=?3.3, p<0.001). In 80% of cases, this care was provided/paid for by families. Translated into mean costs/patient/year, the estimated underspends on Rehabilitation (?£2320) and Social support (?£1790) were exceeded >3.5-fold by excess costs of Personal care (£10?313) and Accommodation (£4296). Conclusions The results identify underprovision of community-based rehabilitation and support services compared with needs, which may contribute directly to excess care burden and costs to family carers. The NPCS requires further evaluation but has potential use as a simple, directly costable tool to inform both clinical decision-making and population-based service planning and delivery.

Turner-Stokes, Lynne; McCrone, Paul; Jackson, Diana M; Siegert, Richard John

2013-01-01

57

Physicians' social competence in the provision of care to persons living in poverty: research protocol  

PubMed Central

Background The quality of the physician-patient therapeutic relationship is a key factor in the effectiveness of care. Unfortunately, physicians and people living in poverty inhabit very different social milieux, and this great social distance hinders the development of a therapeutic alliance. Social competence is a process based on knowledge, skills and attitudes that support effective interaction between the physician and patient despite the intervening social distance. It enables physicians to better understand their patients' living conditions and to adapt care to patients' needs and abilities. Methods/Design This qualitative research is based on a comprehensive design using in-depth semi-structured interviews with 25 general practitioners working with low-income patients in Montreal's metropolitan area (Québec, Canada). Physicians will be recruited based on two criteria: they provide care to low-income patients with at least one chronic illness, and are identified by their peers as having expertise in providing care to a poor population. For this recruitment, we will draw upon contacts we have made in another research study (Loignon et al., 2009) involving clinics located in poor neighbourhoods. That study will include in-clinic observations and interviews with physicians, both of which will help us identify physicians who have developed skills for treating low-income patients. We will also use the snowball sampling technique, asking participants to refer us to other physicians who meet our inclusion criteria. The semi-structured interviews, of 60 to 90 minutes each, will be recorded and transcribed. Our techniques for ensuring internal validity will include data analysis of transcribed interviews, indexation and reduction of data with software qualitative analysis, and development and validation of interpretations. Discussion This research project will allow us to identify the dimensions of the social competence process that helps physicians establish therapeutic relationships with low-income patients living with chronic illness. This study will also offer concrete recommendations for improving health interventions among low-income patients and for helping them to better manage their chronic illnesses. Ultimately, our aim is to strengthen the capacity of the health care system and of professionals to provide care that is adapted to the social conditions of people living in poverty.

2010-01-01

58

Social Interaction Effects in the Laboratory and Society: Conformism and Reciprocity in Public Good Provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract People contribute more to public goods, the more others give (“crowding-in”). We investigate two possible causes of crowding-in: reciprocity, the usual explanation, and conformism, a neglected alternative. The issue is important since conformism,has more scope to bring about endogenous,social interaction effects outside the laboratory. We ,use Bardsley’s (2000) Conditional Information Lottery design to control “others’ behaviour” without deception. We

Nicholas Bardsley; Rupert Sausgruber

59

Triadic closure dynamics drives scaling laws in social multiplex networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social networks exhibit scaling laws for several structural characteristics, such as degree distribution, scaling of the attachment kernel and clustering coefficients as a function of node degree. A detailed understanding if and how these scaling laws are inter-related is missing so far, let alone whether they can be understood through a common, dynamical principle. We propose a simple model for stationary network formation and show that the three mentioned scaling relations follow as natural consequences of triadic closure. The validity of the model is tested on multiplex data from a well-studied massive multiplayer online game. We find that the three scaling exponents observed in the multiplex data for the friendship, communication and trading networks can simultaneously be explained by the model. These results suggest that triadic closure could be identified as one of the fundamental dynamical principles in social multiplex network formation.

Klimek, Peter; Thurner, Stefan

2013-06-01

60

Biologically generated habitat provision and diversity of rocky shore organisms at a hierarchy of spatial scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

The diversity and abundance of intertidal organisms found on moderately exposed shores were compared between biologically generated complex and less complex habitats at four different spatial scales. For macrobiota, comparisons were made between Fucus clumps and open areas (barnacle covered or bare rock) and then between barnacle covered rock and ‘bare’ rock. Microbiota were compared on barnacle plates and on

R. C. Thompson; B. J. Wilson; M. L. Tobin; A. S. Hill; S. J. Hawkins

1996-01-01

61

The clinical utility of the Social Responsiveness Scale and Social Communication Questionnaire in tuberous sclerosis complex  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is often associated with epilepsy, mental retardation, and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Thus, screening for ASDs is important when evaluating these individuals. We examined the utility of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) and Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ), two measures for screening for ASDs, in a TSC population. Twenty-one children were evaluated, with 52.4% classified as having

Yael E. Granader; Heidi A. Bender; Vance Zemon; Sipra Rathi; Ruth Nass; William S. MacAllister

2010-01-01

62

Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A): Measuring Social Anxiety among Finnish Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this study was to investigate symptoms of social anxiety and the psychometric properties of the "Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents" (SAS-A) among Finnish adolescents, 13-16 years of age. Study 1 (n = 867) examined the distribution of SAS-A scores according to gender and age, and the internal consistency and factor structure of the…

Ranta, Klaus; Junttila, Niina; Laakkonen, Eero; Uhmavaara, Anni; La Greca, Annette M.; Niemi, Paivi M.

2012-01-01

63

[Social Distance Scale: Greek adaptation and psychometric properties].  

PubMed

Literature on stigma refers to social distance as the most widely used index of attitudes towards mental illness and it involves the desire to avoid contact with patients with psychiatric disorders in social contexts of varied intimacy. Social distance scales have been utilized in more than 100 studies internationally, including those that have been conducted under the auspices of the Global Programme against Stigma and Discrimination Because of Schizophrenia run by the World Psychiatric Association (WPA). The Greek site broadened the scale that was used in the WPA pilot studies in order to adjust and validate it in Greece. The extended version consisted of 14 items enquiring about social encounters of varied intimacy with a patient with schizophrenia and were rated on a 5-point Likert scale. Face to face interviews were conducted on a random and representative sample of the Greek general population. The results showed that the scale displayed good reliability and validity, with the principal component analysis revealing 3 underlying factors and thus providing evidence for the multifaceted nature of social distance. The first factor describes stable social relations of moderate intimacy with long duration and consistency in contact; the second factor concerns more close relations which necessitate feelings of trust and a sense of security during the contact with the patient; and the third factor aggregates items describing transient relations of limited intimacy. The investigation of associations between socio-demographic variables and the three factors of the scale constitutes the next step in this process of standardization and validation of the scale in Greece. PMID:21914620

Economou, M; Peppou, E; Louki, E; Charitsi, M; Stefanis, C N

64

The impact of direct provision accommodation for asylum seekers on organisation and delivery of local primary care and social care services: A case study  

PubMed Central

Background Many western countries have policies of dispersal and direct provision accommodation (state-funded accommodation in an institutional centre) for asylum seekers. Most research focuses on its effect on the asylum seeking population. Little is known about the impact of direct provision accommodation on organisation and delivery of local primary care and social care services in the community. The aim of this research is to explore this issue. Methods In 2005 a direct provision accommodation centre was opened in a rural area in Ireland. A retrospective qualitative case study was designed comprising in-depth interviews with 37 relevant stakeholders. Thematic analysis following the principles of framework analysis was applied. Results There was lack of advance notification to primary care and social care professionals and the community about the new accommodation centre. This caused anxiety and stress among relevant stakeholders. There was insufficient time to plan and prepare appropriate primary care and social care for the residents, causing a significant strain on service delivery. There was lack of clarity about how primary care and social care needs of the incoming residents were to be addressed. Interdisciplinary support systems developed informally between healthcare professionals. This ensured that residents of the accommodation centre were appropriately cared for. Conclusions Direct provision accommodation impacts on the organisation and delivery of local primary care and social care services. There needs to be sufficient advance notification and inter-agency, inter-professional dialogue to manage this. Primary care and social care professionals working with asylum seekers should have access to training to enhance their skills for working in cross-cultural consultations.

2011-01-01

65

Analysis of large-scale social and information networks.  

PubMed

The growth of the Web has required us to think about the design of information systems in which large-scale computational and social feedback effects are simultaneously at work. At the same time, the data generated by Web-scale systems--recording the ways in which millions of participants create content, link information, form groups and communicate with one another--have made it possible to evaluate long-standing theories of social interaction, and to formulate new theories based on what we observe. These developments have created a new level of interaction between computing and the social sciences, enriching the perspectives of both of these disciplines. We discuss some of the observations, theories and conclusions that have grown from the study of Web-scale social interaction, focusing on issues including the mechanisms by which people join groups, the ways in which different groups are linked together in social networks and the interplay of positive and negative interactions in these networks. PMID:23419847

Kleinberg, Jon

2013-02-18

66

Psychometric Validation of the Youth Social Capital Scale in Greece  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objectives: This article describes the psychometric validation of the Youth Social Capital scale (YSCS) in 16- to 17-year-old students living in rural and urban areas in Crete, Greece. Methods: Sampling was performed among 27 secondary education units of Heraklion Prefecture. The self-reported questionnaire was answered by 692 participants…

Koutra, Kleio; Orfanos, Philippos; Roumeliotaki, Theano; Kritsotakis, George; Kokkevi, Anna; Philalithis, Anastasios

2012-01-01

67

Limiting large-scale crawls of social networking sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online social networking sites (OSNs) like Facebook and Orkut contain personal data of millions of users. Many OSNs view this data as a valuable asset that is at the core of their business model. Both OSN users and OSNs have strong incentives to restrict large scale crawls of this data. OSN users want to protect their privacy and OSNs their

Mainack Mondal; Bimal Viswanath; Allen Clement; Peter Druschel; Krishna P. Gummadi; Alan Mislove; Ansley Post

2011-01-01

68

An Examination of the MASC Social Anxiety Scale in a Non-referred sample of Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Social phobia is prevalent during adolescence and is associated with negative outcomes. Two self-report instruments are empirically-validated to specifically assess social phobia symptomatology in youth: the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory for Children and the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents. The Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children is a broad-band measure of anxiety containing a scale assessing the social phobia construct. The present study investigated the MASC Social Anxiety Scale in relation to other well-established measures of social phobia and depression in a non-referred sample of adolescents. Results support the convergent validity of the MASC Social Anxiety Scale and provide some support for its discriminant validity, suggesting its utility in the initial assessment of social phobia. Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROCs) calculated the sensitivity and specificity of the MASC Social Anxiety Scale. Binary logistic regression analyses determined the predictive utility of the MASC Social Anxiety Scale. Implications for assessment are discussed.

Anderson, Emily R.; Jordan, Judith A.; Smith, Ashley J.; Inderbitzen-Nolan, Heidi M.

2009-01-01

69

Scaling social media applications into geo-distributed clouds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Federation of geo-distributed cloud services is a trend in cloud computing which, by spanning multiple data centers at different geographical locations, can provide a cloud platform with much larger capacities. Such a geo-distributed cloud is ideal for supporting large-scale social media streaming applications (e.g., YouTube-like sites) with dynamic contents and demands, owing to its abundant on-demand storage\\/bandwidth capacities and geographical

Yu Wu; Chuan Wu; Bo Li; Linquan Zhang; Zongpeng Li; Francis C. M. Lau

2012-01-01

70

Beyond Scale Correspondence: A Comparison of Continuous Open Scaling and Fixed Graded Scaling when Using Social Cognitive Constructs in the Exercise Domain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The standard response format for self-reported exercise-behavior measurement is the continuous open scale, but popular social cognitive theories use fixed graded scales, a noncorrespondent format. Benefits of using continuous open scales for social cognitive constructs include scale correspondence with the behavior measure, the potential of…

Rhodes, Ryan E.; Matheson, Deborah H.; Blanchard, Chris M.

2006-01-01

71

Social desirability in the MMPI and Welsh's factor scales A and R  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between endorsement frequency and social desirability and its effect on rational social desirability scales were examined in a college population given a short-form MMPI. Correlations were made of social desirability indices with selected MMPI scales and studies of response bias and social desirability. 19 refs.

Jerry S. Wiggins; Clark Rumrill

1959-01-01

72

Exploring Undergraduate Student Attitudes toward Persons with Disabilities: Application of the Disability Social Relationship Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Disability Social Relations Generalized Disability (DSRGD) Scale was used to explore the influence of the social context on attitudes toward persons with disabilities. The DSRGD Scale was based on the Disability Social Relationship (DSR) Scale (Grand, Bernier, & Strohmer, 1982; Strohmer, Grand, & Purcell, 1984). A sample of 1,013…

Hergenrather, Kenneth; Rhodes, Scott

2007-01-01

73

Assessing adolescent social competence using the Social Responsiveness Scale: Should we ask both parents or will just one do?  

PubMed

There is a paucity of instruments designed to measure social competence of adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. The Social Responsiveness Scale is one of a few that can be used. This study compared differences between mother and father reports of social competence of adolescents. Data were collected from parents of 50 adolescents with and without an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis between the ages of 12 and 17 years. The Social Responsiveness Scale demonstrated high interrater reliability between parents. These results suggest that the Social Responsiveness Scale is an efficient and valuable tool for researchers and clinicians to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of an individual's social skills deficits. Additionally, given the extremely high agreement between mothers and fathers on the ratings of their children's social competence, obtaining data from either parent is sufficient to provide an accurate reflection of social competence at home. PMID:22914777

Pearl, Amanda M; Murray, Michael J; Smith, Laura A; Arnold, Mariah

2012-08-21

74

Analysis of the Uniform Accident and Sickness Policy Provision Law: Lessons for Social Work Practice, Policy, and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Uniform Accident and Sickness Policy Provision Law (UPPL) is a state statute that allows insurance companies in 26 states to deny claims for accidents and injuries incurred by persons under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Serious repercussions can result for patients and health care professionals as states enforce this law. To examine differences within the laws that might

Gerald Cochran

2010-01-01

75

Assessing social support among South Asians: the multidimensional scale of perceived social support.  

PubMed

The psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) of the Urdu (MSPSS-U) and Nepali (MSPSS-N) versions were investigated among Pakistani (n=148) and Nepalese (n=153) respondents living in Hong Kong. The factor analysis of the MSPSS-N conducted in this study confirmed the three factors of the original MSPSS, namely, Family, Friend, and Significant Others, while only two factors were extracted from the MSPSS-U (i.e., the Family and Friends subscales). With regard to construct validity, both the MSPSS-U and MSPSS-N were inversely correlated with depression, anxiety and stress as assessed by the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21). The internal reliability and construct validity of the MSPSS-U and MSPSS-N were also established and provided support for the validity of both versions as tools for measuring perceived social support among South Asian migrants. PMID:22813661

Tonsing, Kareen; Zimet, Gregory D; Tse, Samson

2012-04-30

76

Evidence based clinical assessment of child and adolescent social phobia: a critical review of rating scales.  

PubMed

Investigating the empirical support of various assessment instruments, the evidence based assessment approach expands the scientific basis of psychotherapy. Starting from Hunsley and Mash's evaluative framework, we critically reviewed the rating scales designed to measure social anxiety or phobia in youth. Thirteen of the most researched social anxiety scales for children and adolescents were identified. An overview about the scientific support accumulated by these scales is offered. Our main results are consistent with recent reviews that consider the Social Phobia and Anxiety Scale for Children (SPAI-C) and the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A) among the most pertinent and empirically supported measures of social anxiety for youngsters. However, after considering the existing evidence, we highly recommend another couple of scales that proved to be empirically supported (i.e., the Social Phobia Inventory-SPIN, and the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale for Children and Adolescents-LSAS-CA). PMID:22438106

Tulbure, Bogdan T; Szentagotai, Aurora; Dobrean, Anca; David, Daniel

2012-10-01

77

[Psychometric properties of a Multidimensional Scale of Social Expression to assess social skills in the Internet context].  

PubMed

The increase in the use of New Technologies in social relationships could be generating a new paradigm in social skills. Valid and reliable instruments to assess these changes are needed. The aim of this study is to analyze the psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Scale of Social Expression (EMES) in the assessment of social skills on the Internet and Social Networks. A total of 413 college students from the province of Alicante participated on this study. The scale was applied according to two contexts: Real and Internet/Virtual. High internal consistency was shown. The 12-factor structure found for the Virtual Context scale is similar to that of the original study. The scale had shown to be a good predictor of hours of Internet use. In conclusion, EMES-C is useful for assessing real context and Internet context social skills. PMID:22269374

Carballo, José L; Pérez-Jover, Ma Virtudes; Espada, José P; Orgilés, Mireia; Piqueras, José Antonio

2012-02-01

78

The deployment of social capital theory in educational policy and provision: the case of Education Action Zones in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heavily influenced by Putnam's particular variant of social capital theory, the New Labour government in the UK has introduced several initiatives designed to raise educational achievement by building the social capital of families identified as socially excluded. One such initiative was the Education Action Zones (EAZ) policy. Whilst this policy has recently been eclipsed by other initiatives designed to enhance

Sharon Gewirtz; Marny Dickson; Sally Power; David Halpin; Geoff Whitty

2005-01-01

79

A clinically useful social anxiety disorder outcome scale.  

PubMed

Increasingly, emphasis is being placed on measurement-based care to improve the quality of treatment. Although much of the focus has been on depression, measurement-based care may be particularly applicable to social anxiety disorder (SAD) given its high prevalence, high comorbidity with other disorders, and association with significant functional impairment. Many self-report scales for SAD currently exist, but these scales possess limitations related to length and/or accessibility that may serve as barriers to their use in monitoring outcome in routine clinical practice. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to develop and validate the Clinically Useful Social Anxiety Disorder Outcome Scale (CUSADOS), a self-report measure of SAD. The CUSADOS was designed to be reliable, valid, sensitive to change, brief, easy to score, and easily accessible, to facilitate its use in routine clinical settings. The psychometric properties of the CUSADOS were examined in 2415 psychiatric outpatients who were presenting for treatment and had completed a semi-structured diagnostic interview. The CUSADOS demonstrated excellent internal consistency, and high item-total correlations and test-retest reliability. Within a sub-sample of 381 patients, the CUSADOS possessed good discriminant and convergent validity as it was more highly correlated with other measures of SAD than with other psychiatric disorders. Furthermore, scores were higher in outpatients with a current diagnosis of SAD compared to those without a SAD diagnosis. Preliminary support also was obtained for the sensitivity to change of the CUSADOS in a sample of 15 outpatients receiving treatment for comorbid SAD and depression. Results from this validation study in a large psychiatric sample show that the CUSADOS possesses good psychometric properties. Its brevity and ease of scoring also suggest that it is feasible to incorporate into routine clinical practice. PMID:23642634

Dalrymple, Kristy; Martinez, Jennifer; Tepe, Elizabeth; Young, Diane; Chelminski, Iwona; Morgan, Theresa; Zimmerman, Mark

2013-05-02

80

Small-Scale Enterprise Livelihoods and Social Capital in Eastern Indonesia: Ethnic Embeddedness and Exclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the importance of specific forms of social capital for small-scale enterprises while highlighting that such analyses must incorporate local sociocultural complexities. In Eastern Indonesia, small-scale entrepreneurs in Makassar city rely heavily on informal networks, linkages, and trust relationships for their livelihoods. This dependence reflects different social capital forms, embedded in local ethnic and social relations that are

Sarah Turner

2007-01-01

81

The little engine(s) that could: scaling online social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The difficulty of scaling Online Social Networks (OSNs) has introduced new system design challenges that has often caused costly re-architecting for services like Twitter and Facebook. The complexity of interconnection of users in social networks has introduced new scalability challenges. Conventional vertical scaling by resorting to full replication can be a costly proposition. Horizontal scaling by partitioning and distributing data

Josep M. Pujol; Vijay Erramilli; Georgos Siganos; Xiaoyuan Yang; Nikos Laoutaris; Parminder Chhabra; Pablo Rodriguez

2011-01-01

82

The little engine(s) that could: scaling online social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The difficulty of scaling Online Social Networks (OSNs) has introduced new system design challenges that has often caused costly re-architecting for services like Twitter and Facebook. The complexity of interconnection of users in social networks has introduced new scalability challenges. Conventional vertical scaling by resorting to full replication can be a costly proposition. Horizontal scaling by partitioning and distributing data

Josep M. Pujol; Vijay Erramilli; Georgos Siganos; Xiaoyuan Yang; Nikos Laoutaris; Parminder Chhabra; Pablo Rodriguez

2010-01-01

83

The clinical utility of the Social Responsiveness Scale and Social Communication Questionnaire in tuberous sclerosis complex.  

PubMed

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is often associated with epilepsy, mental retardation, and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Thus, screening for ASDs is important when evaluating these individuals. We examined the utility of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) and Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ), two measures for screening for ASDs, in a TSC population. Twenty-one children were evaluated, with 52.4% classified as having ASDs on the SRS and 42.9% classified as such on the SCQ. Number of antiepileptic drugs significantly correlated with SRS Total score, as did level of intellectual functioning. Evidence for convergent validity was obtained between the SRS and SCQ Total scores (r=0.605). Moreover, all SRS subscales correlated with SCQ Total score (r>0.400). All SCQ subscales except for Communication correlated with SRS total. Overall, the results demonstrate that these questionnaires appear to be effective screens for ASDs in a TSC population and are measuring similar constructs. PMID:20554253

Granader, Yael E; Bender, Heidi A; Zemon, Vance; Rathi, Sipra; Nass, Ruth; Macallister, William S

2010-07-01

84

Enhancing social integration of immigrant pupils at risk for social, emotional and\\/or behavioural difficulties: the outcomes of a small-scale social-emotional learning programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study aimed to explore the outcomes of a small-scale social and emotional learning (SEL) intervention programme regarding the social behaviour and the social position of pupils from culturally diverse backgrounds. Seven primary and secondary education teachers participated in the study along with the pupils attending their classes; among them there were seven pupils from immigrant or repatriated families

Maro Doikou-Avlidou; Katerina Dadatsi

2012-01-01

85

Assessment of the effects of forest land use strategies on the provision of ecosystem services at regional scale.  

PubMed

This paper presents results of a case study in Middle Saxony, Germany, where the impact of conversion, afforestation and alternatively introduction of short rotation coppice areas on the provision of ecosystem services was tested in a spatially inexplicit and a spatially explicit way to formulate recommendations for regional planning. While the spatially inexplicit testing did not lead to clear results regarding to what degree forests or short rotation coppice areas are desirable and applicable, the spatially explicit testing revealed that an increase in the forest area or area with short rotation coppice by 29.7% in unstructured agriculturally dominated Loess regions, 14.4% in more topographically structured parts in the North-East of the model region and 23.6% in its mountainous parts would be beneficial. Potentially resulting losses in the provision of bioresources and regional economy can be considerably reduced by replacing afforestation areas with short rotation coppice. In summary, we found that the spatially explicit analysis of land use scenarios in combination with a more detailed land use classification and including an assessment of changes in land use pattern gave us an improved basis for assessing different possible planning strategies and to enhance the communication between forest management planners and regional planners. PMID:23158524

Fürst, Christine; Frank, Susanne; Witt, Anke; Koschke, Lars; Makeschin, Franz

2012-11-15

86

Social Security Administration's Report on Supplemental Security Income: Income and Resource Exclusions and Disability Insurance Earnings-Related Provisions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As required by Section 303(d) of the Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999, this report identifies all income and resource disregards (exclusions) under the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Insurance (...

2000-01-01

87

The Social Commitment of Brazilian Managers: The Concept, a Scale, and an Empirical Study of Corporate Social Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to analyze the attitudes of Brazilian managers toward Corporate Social Responsibility, defined as their willingness to simultaneously meet the economic, legal, and ethical commitments that bind business companies to society. A Managers' Social Commitment Index (SCI) is proposed and a new scale is presented and confirmed as a reliable research instrument in a field

Filipe Almeida; Filipe Sobral

2010-01-01

88

Wording Effect Leads to a Controversy over the Construct of the Social Dominance Orientation Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most investigations of individuals’ social dominance orientation (SDO) have used the 16-item SDO scale developed by F. Pratto, J. Sidanius, L. M. Stallworth, and B. F. Malle (1994). The scale's authors believed it to be a unidimensional scale, but other researchers have found the scale has 2 or more factors. The present authors proposed a new hypothesis: The controversy of

Ziqiang Xin; Liping Chi

2010-01-01

89

Development of the Preschool Developmental Assessment Scale (PDAS) on Children's Social Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper aimed to describe the design and development of the social domain of the Preschool Developmental Assessment Scale (PDAS), which would be used for assessment of preschool children with different developmental disabilities. The original version of the social domain consisted of 30 items. Children were asked questions about their social

Leung, Cynthia; Cheung, Jasmine; Lau, Vanessa; Lam, Catherine

2011-01-01

90

The perceived role of ethics and social responsibility: A scale development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marketers must first perceive ethics and social responsibility to be important before their behaviors are likely to become more ethical and reflect greater social responsibility. However, little research has been conducted concerning marketers' perceptions regarding the importance of ethics and social responsibility as components of business decisions. The purpose of this study is to develop a reliable and valid scale

Anusorn Singhapakdi; Scott J. Vitell; Kumar C. Rallapalli; Kenneth L. Kraft

1996-01-01

91

Human Rights Engagement and Exposure: New Scales to Challenge Social Work Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objectives: Advancing human rights is a core competency of U.S. social work education; yet, human rights attitudes and behaviors have never been measured in the social work literature. Thus, this article describes the development and initial validation of two scales, Human Rights Engagement in Social Work (HRESW) and Human Rights Exposure in…

McPherson, Jane; Abell, Neil

2012-01-01

92

The Development and Initial Validation of the Empathy Scale for Social Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Empathy is a core principle essential to social work. Despite this emphasis, minimal empirical research of empathy has been undertaken by social work researchers. The purpose of this study was to develop and initially validate the Empathy Scale for Social Workers (ESSW). The ESSW is a 41-item self-report inventory designed to assess empathy in…

King, Steve, Jr.; Holosko, Michael J.

2012-01-01

93

Development of the Preschool Developmental Assessment Scale (PDAS) on Children's Social Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aimed to describe the design and development of the social domain of the Preschool Developmental Assessment Scale (PDAS), which would be used for assessment of preschool children with different developmental disabilities. The original version of the social domain consisted of 30 items. Children were asked questions about their social

Leung, Cynthia; Cheung, Jasmine; Lau, Vanessa; Lam, Catherine

2011-01-01

94

Test Review: "Social Responsiveness Scale" by J. N. Constantino and C. P. Gruber  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Published by Western Psychological Services, the "Social Responsiveness Scale" (SRS; Constantino & Gruber, 2005) was designed to assess abilities and deficits in social reciprocity. In particular, it was designed to assess subthreshold levels and severity of social impairment, a key marker of pervasive developmental disorders. The SRS may be…

Booker, Kimberly Wilson; Starling, LaRonda

2011-01-01

95

An interval scale for studying and quantifying social relations in pairs of rhesus monkeys  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developed an interval scale of 17 behavior categories from data on 120 pairs of rhesus monkeys establishing a social relationship. Data were obtained by a procedure analogous to that used in human psychophysical scaling. The method of successive categories was used to obtain interval values of these categories from 4,662 spontaneous social interactions occurring as 2 step chains--a single dominant

Peter E. Maxim

1976-01-01

96

The Case for Better Maps of Social Service Provision: Using the Holy Cross Dispute to Illustrate More Effective Mapping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Third-sector organizations provide essential services, but not all types of organizations operate equally well given different\\u000a intensities of public problems. This article argues for maps that would help social service funding bodies. Those maps would\\u000a include three elements: (1) a measure of service demanded by a community, (2) data on the full range of organizations able\\u000a to supply those services,

Brent Never

2011-01-01

97

Why are so Many Bees but so Few Digger Wasps Social? The Effect of Provisioning Mode and Helper Efficiency on the Distribution of Sociality Among the Apoidea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sociality has evolved predominantly in a few taxa within the animal kingdom. Even within the Hymenoptera, which are famous\\u000a for their abundance and diversity of social life forms, eusocial species are very unevenly distributed among different families.\\u000a Here we ask why within the superfamily Apoidea so few sphecid wasps but so many bees have become eusocial. We argue that the

Erhard Strohm; Jörgen Liebig

98

The anatomy of a large-scale social search engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present Aardvark, a social search engine. With Aardvark, users ask a question, either by instant message, email, web input, text message, or voice. Aardvark then routes the question to the person in the user's extended social network most likely to be able to answer that question. As compared to a traditional web search engine, where the challenge lies in

Damon Horowitz; Sepandar D. Kamvar

2010-01-01

99

What do attitude scales measure: The problem of social desirability  

Microsoft Academic Search

It was hypothesized that the tendency to find positive correlations between various measures of personality traits may accrue because of the willingness of S to ascribe to himself either socially desirable or undesirable attitudes on several samples of his self-attitudes. It was found that social desirability did influence the probability of ascribing to oneself items from several kinds of questionnaires,

J. B. Taylor

1961-01-01

100

Predicting product adoption in large-scale social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online social networks offer opportunities to analyze user behavior and social connectivity and leverage resulting insights for effective online advertising. We study the adoption of a paid product by members of a large and well-connected Instant Messenger (IM) network. This product is important to the business and poses unique challenges to advertising due to its low baseline adoption rate. We

Rushi Bhatt; Vineet Chaoji; Rajesh Parekh

2010-01-01

101

Community detection in large-scale social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent years have seen that WWW is becoming a flourishing social media which enables individuals to easily share opinions, experiences and expertise at the push of a single button. With the pervasive usage of instant messaging systems and the fundamental shift in the ease of publishing content, social network researchers and graph theory researchers are now concerned with inferring community

Nan Du; Bin Wu; Xin Pei; Bai Wang; Liutong Xu

2007-01-01

102

An Evaluation of and a Detail-Profile for the Vineland Social Maturity Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Vineland Social Maturity Scale (VSMS) is a good measure of adaptive behavior for the pre-school child or the retardate of pre-school ability. It is an excellent clinical technqiue. It is more than a questionnaire and more than a rating scale. We recommend it as an interview and behavior-observation scale. We recommend it for treatment…

Pedrini, D. T.; Pedrini, Bonnie C.

103

The Religious Orientation Scale: Review and Meta-Analysis of Social Desirability Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reliability and validity of scores on the Religious Orientation Scale (ROS) are reviewed with respect to social desirability. ROS measures intrinsic religiousness (I; religion as an end unto itself) and extrinsic religiousness (E; religion as a means to some end, like friendship or solace). Development of the scale is briefly traced, including the modification of the E scale to include

Douglas E. Trimble

1997-01-01

104

Understanding multimedia content using web scale social media data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, increasingly rich and massive social media data (such as texts, images, audios, videos, blogs, and so on) are being posted to the web, including social networking websites (e.g., MySpace, Facebook), photo and video sharing websites (e.g., Flickr, YouTube), and photo forums (e.g., Photosig.com and Photo.net). Recently, researchers from multidisciplinary areas have proposed to use data-driven approaches for multimedia content

Dong Xu; Lei Zhang; Jiebo Luo

2010-01-01

105

The provision of and need for social support among adult and pediatric patients with tuberculosis in Lima, Peru: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Tuberculosis (TB) remains a significant public health problem in Peru, causing an estimated 35,000 new cases each year, 6.7% of whom are co-infected with HIV. Social support mechanisms are key in influencing health-seeking behavior, adherence, and overall patient wellbeing in clinical settings. We examine the types of social support received by TB patients and parents of pediatric patients in peri-urban Lima, Peru, to understand its role in patients’ psychosocial wellbeing during treatment. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted between August 2004 and May 2005 among 43 individuals: 19 adults with TB, 8 adults with TB/HIV, 13 parents of pediatric TB patients, and 3 parents of pediatric TB/HIV patients. Results Patients described the need for psychosocial support to mitigate the difficulty of continually going to the clinic to take medications, tending to other family or professional responsibilities while on treatment, and confronting stigma and social isolation within their community. Family members most often contributed to meeting these psychosocial needs, and were also crucial in providing economic support to patients faced with burdensome medical expenses or who were forced to leave their jobs due to being on treatment. Most healthcare personnel were described as key providers of emotional support and encouragement for patients to successfully adhere to treatment, however there were a select few doctors whose “scare tactics” seemingly discouraged patient adherence. During the treatment process, patients described being more socially withdrawn as a result of feeling fatigued from their medications, however most participants also described forming new mutually supportive friendships among their fellow patients. Conclusions Despite the general reluctance of patients to disclose their disease status, patients received a significant amount of psychosocial support from both family members to whom they disclosed, and from positive interactions with healthcare providers. High levels of depression were reported, with many patients voicing need for improved and more frequent psychological interventions. To improve the Peru TB program, participants suggested extending educational opportunities to patients’ families and the wider community, increasing the existing amount of nutritional support, and programmatic provision of vocational activities to increase economic opportunities.

2013-01-01

106

Is There Backlash to Social Pressure? A Large-scale Field Experiment on Voter Mobilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using social pressure to mobilize voters has generated impressive increases in turnout (Gerber et al. Am Polit Sci Rev 102:33–48,\\u000a 2008). However, voters may have negative reactions to social pressure treatments that reduce their effectiveness. Social psychologists\\u000a have observed this ‘reactance’ to persuasive pressure about other behavior, but it has been overlooked in voter mobilization.\\u000a Using a large-scale field experiment,

Christopher B. Mann

2010-01-01

107

Psychometric Characteristics of the California Preschool Social Competence Scale in a Spanish Population Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: Few rating scales measure social competence in very young Spanish or Catalan children. We aimed to analyze the psychometric characteristics of the California Preschool Social Competence Scale (CPSCS) when applied to a Spanish- and Catalan-speaking population. Children were rated by their respective teachers within 6 months following their 4th birthday in two population-based birth cohorts in Spain (N

Jordi Julvez; Maria Forns; Núria Ribas-Fitó; Carlos Mazon; Maties Torrent; Raquel Garcia-Esteban; Lis Ellison-Loschmann; Jordi Sunyer

2008-01-01

108

X-RIME: Cloud-Based Large Scale Social Network Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

As an important technique in modern sociology, social network analysis has gained a lot of attention from many disciplines, and been used as important complements to traditional statistics and data analysis. In order to make it affordable for analysts with massive and fast growing networks, we present X-RIME, a cloud-based library for large scale social network analysis. We propose an

Wei Xue; JuWei Shi; Bo Yang

2010-01-01

109

Development of the Ethnic and Racial Socialization of Transracial Adoptee Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objectives: This study describes the development and initial validation of the 15-item Ethnic and Racial Socialization of Transracial Adoptee Scale (ERSTAS). Method: Using the model of Boykin and Tom on Black family socialization, the items were developed and validated using two different Asian adoptee samples. Results: Two subscales, ethnic…

Mohanty, Jayashree

2010-01-01

110

The Factor Structure and Screening Utility of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The widely used Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS; R. P. Mattick & J. C. Clarke, 1998) possesses favorable psychometric properties, but questions remain concerning its factor structure and item properties. Analyses included 445 people with social anxiety disorder and 1,689 undergraduates. Simple unifactorial models fit poorly, and models…

Rodebaugh, Thomas L.; Woods, Carol M.; Heimberg, Richard G.; Liebowitz, Michael R.; Schneier, Franklin R.

2006-01-01

111

The Factor Structure and Sources of Variation Underlying the Social Learning Environment Rating Scales: Monograph 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventeen intermediate level classes for the educable mentally retarded were involved in an investigation of the factor structure of the Social Learning Environment Rating Scale (SLERS), an instrument designed to quantify teacher-student behavior based on the Social Learning Curriculum (SLC). The 17 classes were observed implementing six…

Warshow, Joyce P.; Bepko, Raymond A.

112

The Perceived Role of Ethics and Social Responsibility: An Alternative Scale Structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Perceived Role of Ethics and Social Responsibility (PRESOR) instrument was developed in the United States by Singhapakdi et al. (1996b) as a reliable and valid scale to measure the perceived role of ethics and social responsibility in achieving organizational effectiveness. This study was carried out to confirm the factorial structure of the instrument and to assess its reliability and

John M. Etheredge

1999-01-01

113

Learning to Teach for Social Justice-Beliefs Scale: An Application of Rasch Measurement Principles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors illustrate how a Rasch model can guide the development of a new affective measurement instrument--the Learning to Teach for Social Justice--Beliefs scale. The results provide strong evidence of a meaningful continuum of attitudes about teaching for social justice ranging from those easier to endorse to those more difficult to endorse.…

Ludlow, Larry H.; Enterline, Sarah E.; Cochran-Smith, Marilyn

2008-01-01

114

Expanding Awareness: Issues in the Development of an Ethics Scale for the Social Work Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development of an ethics scale that measures adherence to social work ethical choices in specific situations. The purpose of this instrument is to provide data that demonstrate adherence to curriculum standards as set forth by the Council on Social Work Education. The authors present the conceptual framework from which…

Nathanson, Ilene L.; Giffords, Elissa D.; Calderon, Orly

2011-01-01

115

Construct Validation of the Social Competence Scale in Preschool-Age Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the utility of the social competence scale (SCS)-parent version, a measure of social competence developed for children of elementary school age, for use with preschool-age children. Data were derived from two samples of preschoolers: a community sample assessed at enrollment to pre-kindergarten programs and a high-risk sample…

Gouley, Kathleen Kiely; Brotman, Laurie Miller; Huang, Keng-Yen; Shrout, Patrick E.

2008-01-01

116

Evidence Based Clinical Assessment of Child and Adolescent Social Phobia: A Critical Review of Rating Scales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigating the empirical support of various assessment instruments, the evidence based assessment approach expands the scientific basis of psychotherapy. Starting from Hunsley and Mash's evaluative framework, we critically reviewed the rating scales designed to measure social anxiety or phobia in youth. Thirteen of the most researched social

Tulbure, Bogdan T.; Szentagotai, Aurora; Dobrean, Anca; David, Daniel

2012-01-01

117

Multidimensional, Threshold Effects of Social Support in Firefighters: Is More Support Invariably Better?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between social support (Social Provisions Scale) and stress (Perceived Stress Scale) in a sample of male firefighters in a midwestern community (N=53). The authors assessed 5 types of perceived support from 2 sources: peer firefighters and supervisors. Results indicate that reassurance of worth and social

Varvel, Shiloh Jordan; He, Yuhong; Shannon, Jennifer K.; Tager, David; Bledman, Rashanta A.; Chaichanasakul, Adipat; Mendoza, Monique M.; Mallinckrodt, Brent

2007-01-01

118

Spatial scale and social impacts of biofuel production  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prospect of biofuels going ‘mainstream’ has drawn more attention to the social impacts of the production and use of transport biofuels. Since 2007, many media stories have appeared about alleged negative impacts of biofuels, notably the price of food going up or land-grab by plantation developers. These stories stand in stark contrast with the rosy picture painted by some

Dan van der Horst; Saskia Vermeylen

2011-01-01

119

Social and emotional loneliness: An examination of Weiss's typology of loneliness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examined R. S. Weiss's (1973) conceptualization of social and emotional loneliness, using survey data on 505 college students that included the UCLA Loneliness Scale––Revised. Social and emotional loneliness, Ss' affective and behavioral reactions to loneliness, Ss' social relationships, and their judgments of the degree to which their relationships supply the 6 social provisions described by Weiss were measured. There were

Dan Russell; Carolyn E. Cutrona; Jayne Rose; Karen Yurko

1984-01-01

120

Social and emotional loneliness: A re-examination of weiss' typology of loneliness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined Weiss' (1973) typology of social and emotional loneliness. The main purpose of this study was to assess Weiss' proposed links among relational needs, social and emotional loneliness, and mental health. A total of 241 university students responded to a measure of social and emotional loneliness, the social provisions scale and several indices of mental health. Evidence

Enrico DiTommaso; Barry Spinner

1997-01-01

121

Multidimensional scaling of ideological landscape on social network sites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social network sites (SNSs) are valuable source of information on various subjects in network science. Recently, political activity of SNSs users has increasing attention and is an interesting interdisciplinary subject of physical and social science. In this work, we measure ideological positions of the legislators of U.S. and South Korea (S.K.) evaluated by Twitter users, using the information employed in the bipartite network structure of the legislators and their Twitter followers. We compare the result with ideological positions constructed from roll call record of the legislators. This shows there is a discrepancy between the ideological positions evaluated by Twitter users and actual positions estimated from roll call votes in S.K. We also asses the ideological positions of the Twitter users themselves and analyze the distribution of the positions.

Lee, Deokjae; Hahn, Kyu S.; Park, Juyong

2012-02-01

122

The co-evolution of social institutions, demography, and large-scale human cooperation.  

PubMed

Human cooperation is typically coordinated by institutions, which determine the outcome structure of the social interactions individuals engage in. Explaining the Neolithic transition from small- to large-scale societies involves understanding how these institutions co-evolve with demography. We study this using a demographically explicit model of institution formation in a patch-structured population. Each patch supports both social and asocial niches. Social individuals create an institution, at a cost to themselves, by negotiating how much of the costly public good provided by cooperators is invested into sanctioning defectors. The remainder of their public good is invested in technology that increases carrying capacity, such as irrigation systems. We show that social individuals can invade a population of asocials, and form institutions that support high levels of cooperation. We then demonstrate conditions where the co-evolution of cooperation, institutions, and demographic carrying capacity creates a transition from small- to large-scale social groups. PMID:24015852

Powers, Simon T; Lehmann, Laurent

2013-09-10

123

A Reliability Generalization Study of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Conducted a reliability generalization study of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (D. Crowne and D. Marlowe, 1960). Analysis of 93 studies show that the predicted score reliability for male adolescents was 0.53, and reliability for men's responses was lower than for women's. Discusses the need for further analysis of the scale. (SLD)|

Beretvas, S, Natasha; Meyers, Jason L.; Leite, Walter L.

2002-01-01

124

Toward Large-Scale Face Recognition Using Social Network Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal photographs are being captured in digital form at an accelerating rate, and our computational tools for searching, browsing, and sharing these photos are struggling to keep pace. One promising approach is automatic face recognition, which would allow photos to be organized by the identities of the individuals they contain. However, achieving accurate recognition at the scale of the Web

Zak Stone; Todd Zickler; Trevor Darrell

2010-01-01

125

Social Desirability and Behavior Rating Scales: An Exploratory Study with the Child Behavior Checklist/4-18  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between the Child Behavior Checklist/4-18 (CBCL/4-18) and two modified measures of social desirability, the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale and the Edwards Social Desirability Scale with a sample of 65 parents of normal children from grades K-7. Results from correlational and multiple regression…

Merydith, Scott P.; Prout, H. Thompson; Blaha, John

2003-01-01

126

Social Desirability and Behavior Rating Scales: An Exploratory Study with the Child Behavior Checklist/4-18  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the relationship between the Child Behavior Checklist/4-18 (CBCL/4-18) and two modified measures of social desirability, the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale and the Edwards Social Desirability Scale with a sample of 65 parents of normal children from grades K-7. Results from correlational and multiple regression…

Merydith, Scott P.; Prout, H. Thompson; Blaha, John

2003-01-01

127

Etoile Project : Social Intelligent ICT-System for very large scale education in complex systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The project will devise new theory and implement new ICT-based methods of delivering high-quality low-cost postgraduate education to many thousands of people in a scalable way, with the cost of each extra student being negligible (< a few Euros). The research will create an in vivo laboratory of one to ten thousand postgraduate students studying courses in complex systems. This community is chosen because it is large and interdisciplinary and there is a known requirement for courses for thousand of students across Europe. The project involves every aspect of course production and delivery. Within this the research focused on the creation of a Socially Intelligent Resource Mining system to gather large volumes of high quality educational resources from the internet; new methods to deconstruct these to produce a semantically tagged Learning Object Database; a Living Course Ecology to support the creation and maintenance of evolving course materials; systems to deliver courses; and a ‘socially intelligent assessment system'. The system will be tested on one to ten thousand postgraduate students in Europe working towards the Complex System Society's title of European PhD in Complex Systems. Étoile will have a very high impact both scientifically and socially by (i) the provision of new scalable ICT-based methods for providing very low cost scientific education, (ii) the creation of new mathematical and statistical theory for the multiscale dynamics of complex systems, (iii) the provision of a working example of adaptation and emergence in complex socio-technical systems, and (iv) making a major educational contribution to European complex systems science and its applications.

Bourgine, P.; Johnson, J.

2009-04-01

128

Ethnographic Approaches to Understanding Social Sustainability in Small-scale Water Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social sustainability is an important, but often neglected, aspect of determining the success of small-scale water systems. This paper reviews ethnographic approaches for understanding how indigenous knowledge enhances social sustainability of small-scale water systems, particularly in small-scale water systems threatened by water scarcity. After reviewing the literature on common-pool and traditional resource management strategies, the paper will focus on the case of a community-managed small-scale water system in Cochabamba, Bolivia. This study uses ethnographic evidence to demonstrate how indigenous institutions can be used to manage a small-scale urban water system sustainably. Several factors were crucial to the institution's success. First, indigenous residents had previous experience with common management of rural irrigation systems which they were able to adapt for use in an urban environment. Second, institutional rules were designed to prioritize the conservation of the water source. Third, indigenous Andean social values of uniformity, regularity, and transparency ensured that community members perceived the system as legitimate and complied with community rules. Fourth, self-governance enabled community members to quickly adapt to changing environmental conditions, such as seasonal scarcity and groundwater overdraft. The paper concludes with a discussion of the promise and limitations of ethnographic approaches and indigenous knowledge for understanding social sustainability in small-scale water systems.

Wutich, A.

2011-12-01

129

Psychosocial Factors in Athletic Injuries: Development and Application of the Social and Athletic Readjustment Rating Scale (SARRS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The possible role of psychosocial factors in athletics, namely football injuries, is examined. Initially Holmes and Rahe's Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) was modified to the Social and Athletic Readjustment Scale (SARRS). Additions to the scale and differences in football players from the general population are discussed. Life change scores over one- and two-year intervals were obtained for college varsity

Steven T. Bramwell; Minoru Masuda; Nathaniel N. Wagner; Thomas H. Holmes

1975-01-01

130

The Liebowitz social anxiety scale as a self-report instrument: a preliminary psychometric analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Liebowitz social anxiety scale (LSAS) is a commonly used clinician-administered instrument. The present study reports on the properties of a self-report version of the LSAS (LSAS-SR). About 175 participants diagnosed with social phobia participated in the study. The LSAS-SR showed overall good psychometric properties as indicated by the results of test–retest reliability, internal consistency, and convergent and discriminant validity.

Sandra L Baker; Nina Heinrichs; Hyo-Jin Kim; Stefan G Hofmann

2002-01-01

131

Academic and Social Self-Efficacy Scale: Development and Initial Validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Academic and Social Self-Efficacy Scale (ASSESS) was developed to assess the self-efficacy judgments of students and to predict academic achievement and sociometric status. Self-reported judgments of academic self-efficacy best predicted academic achievement, whereas self-reported social self-efficacy best predicted sociometric status. Teacher- and parent-reported self-efficacy ratings were minimal predictors of achievement and sociometric status. A multitrait-multimethod (MTMM) analysis failed to

Frank M. Gresham; Sally Evans; Stephen N. Elliott

1988-01-01

132

Social Anxiety\\/Taijin-Kyofu Scale (SATS): Development and Psychometric Evaluation of a New Instrument  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Taijin-kyofu (TK), especially the ‘convinced' subtype of TK (c-TK; also known as the ‘offensive' subtype of TK), is described as a Japanese culture-bound syndrome similar to social anxiety disorder (SAD). Recently, in Western countries, the symptoms of c-TK have been investigated in patients with SAD. We developed the Social Anxiety\\/Taijin-Kyofu Scale (SATS), a 12-item structured clinician-rated instrument designed to

Satoshi Asakura; Takeshi Inoue; Nobuki Kitagawa; Mifumi Hasegawa; Yutaka Fujii; Yuki Kako; Yasuya Nakato; Naoki Hashimoto; Koki Ito; Teruaki Tanaka; Shin Nakagawa; Ichiro Kusumi; Tsukasa Koyama

2012-01-01

133

Reliability and Validity of the Chinese Version of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A)\\u000a in a sample of 296 adolescents (49% boys) in Grades 7, 8, 9, 10, and 12 with a mean age of 15.52 years. Confirmatory factor\\u000a analysis replicated the three-factor structure of the SAS-A in the Chinese sample: Fear of Negative Evaluation (FNE), Social

Xinyue Zhou; Qian Xu; Cándido J. Inglés; María D. Hidalgo; Annette M. La Greca

2008-01-01

134

Validation of Korean Versions of the Lubben Social Network Scales in Korean Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS) was designed to measure perceived social support received from family and friends. This study tests the structural validity of two forms of the LSNS: the Korean revised LSNS (K-LSNS-R) and the Korean 6-item LSNS (K-LSNS-6). The data were drawn from survey interviews of 142 Korean American caregivers in the Washington DC metropolitan area. Both

Michin Hong; Banghwa Lee Casado; Donna Harrington

2011-01-01

135

Adaptation and Psychometric Evaluation of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support for Arab American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The multidimensional scale of perceived social support (MSPSS) was revised for Arab American adolescents (MSPSS-AA). Items\\u000a measuring social support from significant others were omitted and items measuring support from school personnel were added\\u000a based on advice from cultural experts. The sample consisted of 635 Arab American young adolescents in metropolitan Detroit.\\u000a Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) supported the proposed three-factor solution

Vidya Ramaswamy; Karen J. Aroian; Thomas Templin

2009-01-01

136

Performance of an Abbreviated Version of the Lubben Social Network Scale Among Three European Community-Dwelling Older Adult Populations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: There is a need for valid and reliable short scales that can be used to assess social networks and social supports and to screen for social isolation in older persons. Design and Methods: The present study is a cross-national and cross-cultural evaluation of the performance of an abbreviated version of the Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS-6), which was used

Steve Iliffe; Wolfgang von Renteln Kruse; John C. Beck; Andreas E. Stuck

137

Broad Motives in Short Scales: A Questionnaire for the Zurich Model of Social Motivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce a new questionnaire that measures interindividual differences in five motivational systems (security, arousal, power, prestige, and achievement) with six items per scale. As a theoretical base for our work we referred to the Zurich model of social motivation, which describes and models these motivational systems in a system-theoretic way. The questionnaire is formulated in German and called Motive

Felix D. Schönbrodt; Sven R. Unkelbach; Frank M. Spinath

2009-01-01

138

The Reliability and Validity of the Social Responsiveness Scale in a UK General Child Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the first UK study to report the reliability, validity, and factor structure of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) in a general population sample. Parents of 500 children (aged 5-8 years) in North East England completed the SRS. Profiles of scores were similar to USA norms, and a single factor structure was identified. Good construct…

Wigham, Sarah; McConachie, Helen; Tandos, Jonathan; Le Couteur, Ann S.

2012-01-01

139

Gender differences of children's social skills and parenting using Interaction Rating Scale (IRS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The purpose of this paper is to describe the gender differences of the Interaction Rating Scale (IRS) as an evidence-based practical index of children's social skills and parenting.Methods: The participants in our study, which was conducted as part of a Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) cohort study project, were 370 dyads of children with their caregivers were followed

T. Anme; R. Shinohara; Y. Sugisawa; L. Tong; E. Tanaka; T. Watanabe; Y. Onda; Y. Kawashima; M. Hirano; E. Tomisaki; H. Mochizuki; K. Morita; A. Gan-Yadam; Y. Yato; N. Yamakawa

2010-01-01

140

Construction and Validation of a Professional Suitability Scale for Social Work Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on the construction and validation of a professional suitability scale, designed for assessing students' suitability for social work practice. Data were collected from 188 field supervisors who provided usable questionnaires, representing a response rate of 74%. Construct validation by exploratory factor analysis identified a…

Tam, Dora M. Y.; Coleman, Heather

2009-01-01

141

The Validity, Reliability and Factorial Structure of the Turkish Version of the Tromso Social Intelligence Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Tromso Social Intelligence Scale (TSIS) developed by Silvera, Martinussen, and Dahl (2001). 719 students from Sakarya University participated in the study. Construct validity and criterion related validity and reliability were assessed.…

Dogan, Tayfun; Cetin, Bayram

2009-01-01

142

Translation of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale into an Equivalent Spanish Version  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A Spanish version of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (MCSDS) was developed by applying a method derived from the cross-cultural and psychometric literature. The method included five sequenced studies: (a) translation and back-translation, (b) comprehension assessment, (c) psychometric equivalence study of two mixed-language versions,…

Collazo, Andres A.

2005-01-01

143

A Psychometric Investigation of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale Using Rasch Measurement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author used Rasch measurement to examine the reliability and validity of 382 Korean university students' scores on the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (MCSDS; D. P. Crowne and D. Marlowe, 1960). Results revealed that item-fit statistics and principal component analysis with standardized residuals provide evidence of MCSDS'…

Seol, Hyunsoo

2007-01-01

144

The Challenges of Fitting an Item Response Theory Model to the Social Anhedonia Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the application of latent variable measurement models to the Social Anhedonia Scale (SAS; Eckblad, Chapman, Chapman, & Mishlove, 1982), a widely used and influential measure in schizophrenia-related research. Specifically, we applied unidimensional and bifactor item response theory (IRT) models to data from a community sample of young adults (n = 2,227). Ordinal factor analyses revealed that identifying

Steven P. Reise; William P. Horan; Jack J. Blanchard

2011-01-01

145

Reliability and Validity of the Social Anxiety Scale for Children--Revised for Hispanic Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the psychometric properties of the Social Anxiety Scale for Children--Revised (SASC-R) in a sample of 159 predominantly Dominican and Puerto Rican fifth- and sixth-grade students from New York City. Findings provided initial support for SASC-R reliability and validity in Hispanic children. Convergent validity was supported by…

Storch, Eric A.; Eisenberg, Philip S.; Roberti, Jonathan W.; Barlas, Mitchell E.

2003-01-01

146

Relationship between the Social Vocabulary Index and the Interaction Scale and rehabilitation success  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypothesized that there would be a significant, positive relationship between the rehabilitation success of 712 state agency rehabilitation applicants and their scores on the Social Vocabulary Index and the Interaction Scale. A multiple R of .25 was obtained, significant at the .02 level, confirming the hypothesis. Because the correlation is low, it is suggested that the instruments not be used

Robert A. Macguffie

1970-01-01

147

Fruit and vegetable shopping practices and social support scales: a validation  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the psychometric characteristics of new scales of shopping practices and social support for purchasing fruits and vegetables. DESIGN: Participants were recruited in front of diverse grocery stores. Telephone data collection was done on 2 occasions, separated by 6 weeks. PARTICIP...

148

Factor Structure of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale for Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factor structure of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale for Children and Adolescents (LSAS-CA). The LSAS-CA was administered to 225 children and adolescents as a component of various clinical studies. In addition, other measures of psychopathology and impairment were administered to a subgroup of the…

Storch, Eric A.; Masia-Warner, Carrie; Heidgerken, Amanda D.; Fisher, Paige H.; Pincus, Donna B.; Liebowitz, Michael R.

2006-01-01

149

Psychometric Properties of the Chinese Version of the Social Responsiveness Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Social Responsiveness Scale (Chinese SRS). We assessed 1419 grade 1 to grade 8 students from northern Taiwan and 401 clinic-based participants (aged 3-20, male 90.3%). All clinic-based participants were clinically diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs),…

Gau, Susan Shur-Fen; Liu, Li-Ting; Wu, Yu-Yu; Chiu, Yen-Nan; Tsai, Wen-Che

2013-01-01

150

On the validity of the California Psychological Inventory Socialization Scale: A multivariate approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Isolated groups homogeneous in role-taking ability and described them on dimensions of the California Psychological Inventory (CPI) Socialization (So) scale. Ss were 189 Swedish delinquent and nondelinquent 19-31 yr old males. 6 subscales were constructed by factor analysis. A latent profile analysis of responses to 18 items, selected from the subscales, yielded a low (n = 78 and a high

Anne-Sofie Rosen; Daisy Schalling

1974-01-01

151

Emergence of scale-free leadership structure in social recommender systems.  

PubMed

The study of the organization of social networks is important for the understanding of opinion formation, rumor spreading, and the emergence of trends and fashion. This paper reports empirical analysis of networks extracted from four leading sites with social functionality (Delicious, Flickr, Twitter and YouTube) and shows that they all display a scale-free leadership structure. To reproduce this feature, we propose an adaptive network model driven by social recommending. Artificial agent-based simulations of this model highlight a "good get richer" mechanism where users with broad interests and good judgments are likely to become popular leaders for the others. Simulations also indicate that the studied social recommendation mechanism can gradually improve the user experience by adapting to tastes of its users. Finally we outline implications for real online resource-sharing systems. PMID:21857891

Zhou, Tao; Medo, Matúš; Cimini, Giulio; Zhang, Zi-Ke; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

2011-07-27

152

Developing the Sport Social Support Scale: Examining the Discrepancy between Perceptions of Parents, Coaches and Athletes (R)  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a number of social support scales previously used which measure either the quality or quantity of social support in specific settings such as the school or family. However, when assessing social support, the key element to consider is the perceptions of the \\

Jacqueline H. S. Cheng; Andrew J. Martin; Martin Dowson; Patsy Tremayne

153

Investigating the Clinical Usefulness of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) in a Tertiary Level, Autism Spectrum Disorder Specific Assessment Clinic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS; Constantino and Gruber in Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS). Western Psychological Services, Los Angeles, 2005) is a commonly used screening tool for identifying children with possible autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study investigated the relationship between SRS scores and eventual diagnostic outcome…

Aldridge, Fiona J.; Gibbs, Vicki M.; Schmidhofer, Katherine; Williams, Megan

2012-01-01

154

Validation of Scores on the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale and the Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (MCSDS), the most commonly used social desirability bias (SDB) assessment, conceptualizes SDB as an individual's need for approval. The Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding (BIDR) measures SDB as two separate constructs: impression management and self-deception. Scores on SDB scales are commonly…

Leite, Walter L.; Beretvas, S. Natasha

2005-01-01

155

Scaling up Corporate Social Investments in Education: Five Strategies That Work. Global Views. Policy Paper 2012-01  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Scaling up good corporate social investment practices in developing countries is crucial to realizing the "Education for All" and "Millennium Development Goals". Yet very few corporate social investments have the right mix of vision, financing, cross-sector engagement and leadership to come to scale. Globally, 67 million children are not enrolled…

van Fleet, Justin W.

2012-01-01

156

Scaling up Corporate Social Investments in Education: Five Strategies That Work. Global Views. Policy Paper 2012-01  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scaling up good corporate social investment practices in developing countries is crucial to realizing the "Education for All" and "Millennium Development Goals". Yet very few corporate social investments have the right mix of vision, financing, cross-sector engagement and leadership to come to scale. Globally, 67 million children are not enrolled…

van Fleet, Justin W.

2012-01-01

157

Multirelational organization of large-scale social networks in an online world.  

PubMed

The capacity to collect fingerprints of individuals in online media has revolutionized the way researchers explore human society. Social systems can be seen as a nonlinear superposition of a multitude of complex social networks, where nodes represent individuals and links capture a variety of different social relations. Much emphasis has been put on the network topology of social interactions, however, the multidimensional nature of these interactions has largely been ignored, mostly because of lack of data. Here, for the first time, we analyze a complete, multirelational, large social network of a society consisting of the 300,000 odd players of a massive multiplayer online game. We extract networks of six different types of one-to-one interactions between the players. Three of them carry a positive connotation (friendship, communication, trade), three a negative (enmity, armed aggression, punishment). We first analyze these types of networks as separate entities and find that negative interactions differ from positive interactions by their lower reciprocity, weaker clustering, and fatter-tail degree distribution. We then explore how the interdependence of different network types determines the organization of the social system. In particular, we study correlations and overlap between different types of links and demonstrate the tendency of individuals to play different roles in different networks. As a demonstration of the power of the approach, we present the first empirical large-scale verification of the long-standing structural balance theory, by focusing on the specific multiplex network of friendship and enmity relations. PMID:20643965

Szell, Michael; Lambiotte, Renaud; Thurner, Stefan

2010-07-19

158

Multirelational organization of large-scale social networks in an online world  

PubMed Central

The capacity to collect fingerprints of individuals in online media has revolutionized the way researchers explore human society. Social systems can be seen as a nonlinear superposition of a multitude of complex social networks, where nodes represent individuals and links capture a variety of different social relations. Much emphasis has been put on the network topology of social interactions, however, the multidimensional nature of these interactions has largely been ignored, mostly because of lack of data. Here, for the first time, we analyze a complete, multirelational, large social network of a society consisting of the 300,000 odd players of a massive multiplayer online game. We extract networks of six different types of one-to-one interactions between the players. Three of them carry a positive connotation (friendship, communication, trade), three a negative (enmity, armed aggression, punishment). We first analyze these types of networks as separate entities and find that negative interactions differ from positive interactions by their lower reciprocity, weaker clustering, and fatter-tail degree distribution. We then explore how the interdependence of different network types determines the organization of the social system. In particular, we study correlations and overlap between different types of links and demonstrate the tendency of individuals to play different roles in different networks. As a demonstration of the power of the approach, we present the first empirical large-scale verification of the long-standing structural balance theory, by focusing on the specific multiplex network of friendship and enmity relations.

Szell, Michael; Lambiotte, Renaud; Thurner, Stefan

2010-01-01

159

Cross-Informant Agreement for Ratings for Social Skill and Problem Behavior Ratings: An Investigation of the Social Skills Improvement System—Rating Scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most consistent findings in rating scale research with children and adolescents is the modest agreement among different informants’ ratings. The present study systematically explored patterns of agreement among teachers, parents\\/caregivers, and students in domains of social skills and problem behaviors using the Social Skills Improvement System—Rating Scales (SSIS–RS; F. M. Gresham & S. N. Elliott, 2008). Two

Frank M. Gresham; Stephen N. Elliott; Clayton R. Cook; Michael J. Vance; Ryan Kettler

2010-01-01

160

Multi-relational social networks in a large-scale MMORPG  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze multi-relational social interaction networks in a large-scale commercial Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Game(MMORPG). Our work is based on data from AION, currently the world's second most-played MMORPG with 3.4 million subscribers as of mid 2010, created and serviced by NCSoft, Inc. We construct and characterize six distinct interactivity networks (Friend, Private Messaging, Party invitation, Trade, Mail, and Shop),

Seokshin Son; Ah Reum Kang; Hyun-chul Kim; Ted Taekyoung Kwon; Huy Kang Kim

2011-01-01

161

Landscape, community, countryside: linking biophysical and social scales in US Corn Belt agricultural landscapes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the interplay between ecological and social factors across multiple scales is integral to landscape change initiatives\\u000a in productive agricultural regions such as the rural US Corn Belt. We investigated the cultural context surrounding the use\\u000a of perennial cover types—such as stream buffers, wetlands, cellulosic bioenergy stocks, and diverse cropping rotations—to\\u000a restore water quality, biodiversity, and ecosystem function within a

Ryan C. Atwell; Lisa A. Schulte; Lynne M. Westphal

2009-01-01

162

Social responsiveness scale-aided analysis of the clinical impact of copy number variations in autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent array-based studies have detected a wealth of copy number variations (CNVs) in patients with autism spectrum disorders\\u000a (ASD). Since CNVs also occur in healthy individuals, their contributions to the patient’s phenotype remain largely unclear.\\u000a In a cohort of children with symptoms of ASD, diagnosis of the index patient using ADOS-G and ADI-R was performed, and the\\u000a Social Responsiveness Scale

Emma van Daalen; Chantal Kemner; Nienke E. Verbeek; Bert van der Zwaag; Trijnie Dijkhuizen; Patrick Rump; Renske Houben; Ruben van ‘t Slot; Maretha V. de Jonge; Wouter G. Staal; Frits A. Beemer; Jacob A. S. Vorstman; J. Peter H. Burbach; Hans Kristian Ploos van Amstel; Ron Hochstenbach; Eva H. Brilstra; Martin Poot

2011-01-01

163

A Child-Adult Research Form of the Pittsburgh Scales of Social Extraversion-Introversion and Emotionality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bendig's (1) Pittsburgh Scales of Social Extraversion-Introversion (SEI) and Emotionality (Em) were translated so that they were of appropriate reading difficulty for children as well as for adults. The revised scales correlated highly (both .90) with the Pittsburgh scales, and they had high test-retest reliabilities (.92 and .89). Data from samples representing third grade to college ages were presented for

Nicholas A. Sieveking

1973-01-01

164

A Caregiver-Child Social/Emotional and Relationship Rating Scale (CCSERRS)1  

PubMed Central

This paper reports the construction and pilot reliability, validity, and psychometric properties of a new caregiver-child rating scale that emphasizes caregiver-child social-emotional interactions and relationships. While the scale was developed and studied in the context of orphanages for young children, it potentially could be used in non-residential early care and education settings as well as for parent-child interactions in the home. The intent was to assess a few dimensions that comprehensively cover the range of caregiver-child social-emotional interactions and relationships but could be administered in a relatively short period of time in a variety of situations and would not require extensive coder training, manuals, or materials. Results showed that the scale can be reliably administered even using observation periods as short as five minutes, reliability was replicated over seven different coders working in three different orphanages, and ratings of caregivers were similar across different types of caregiving activities (i.e., feeding, dressing/bathing, free play) and for caregivers attending to children birth to 4 and 4 to 8 yrs. of age. In the orphanage context, factor analyses showed the scale primarily reflects caregiver-child mutual engagement and relationship with subordinate components of caregiver punitiveness and caregiver- vs. child-directed behaviors and intrusiveness.

McCall, Robert B.; Groark, Christina J.; Fish, Larry

2010-01-01

165

Psychometric validation study of the liebowitz social anxiety scale - self-reported version for Brazilian Portuguese.  

PubMed

Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is prevalent and rarely diagnosed due to the difficulty in recognizing its symptoms as belonging to a disorder. Therefore, the evaluation/screening scales are of great importance for its detection, with the most used being the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS). Thus, this study proposed to evaluate the psychometric properties of internal consistency and convergent validity, as well as the confirmatory factorial analysis and reliability of the self-reported version of the LSAS (LSAS-SR), translated into Brazilian Portuguese, in a sample of the general population (N?=?413) and in a SAD clinical sample (N?=?252). The convergent validity with specific scales for the evaluation of SAD and a general anxiety scale presented correlations ranging from 0.21 to 0.84. The confirmatory factorial analysis did not replicate the previously indicated findings of the literature, with the difficulty being in obtaining a consensus factorial structure common to the diverse cultures in which the instrument was studied. The LSAS-SR presented excellent internal consistency (??=?0.90-0.96) and test-retest reliability (Intraclass Correlation Coefficient?=?0.81; Pearson's?=?0.82). The present findings support those of international studies that attest to the excellent psychometric properties of the LSAS-SR, endorsing its status as the gold standard. PMID:23922961

Forni dos Santos, Larissa; Loureiro, Sonia Regina; Crippa, José Alexandre de Souza; Osório, Flávia de Lima

2013-07-26

166

The British Sign Language Versions of the Patient Health Questionnaire, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item Scale, and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study is aimed to translate 3 widely used clinical assessment measures into British Sign Language (BSL), to pilot the BSL versions, and to establish their validity and reliability. These were the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale, and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale

Rogers, Katherine D.; Young, Alys; Lovell, Karina; Campbell, Malcolm; Scott, Paul R.; Kendal, Sarah

2013-01-01

167

Measuring religious social capital: the scale properties of the Williams Religious Social Capital Index (WRSCI) among cathedral congregations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The theoretical construct of social capital remains contested in terms of conceptualisation and measurement. The present paper follows the convention of distinguishing between trust, bonding, bridging and linking social capital, to conceptualise how religious communities promote and develop social capital within a specifically religious cohort. Developing this construct of religious social capital further, this paper proposes a measure for use

Emyr Williams

2008-01-01

168

The Social Thoughts and Beliefs Scale: Psychometric Properties and its Relation with Interpersonal Functioning in a Non-Clinical Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive theorists maintain that maladaptive cognitions play an important role in the formation and maintenance of social\\u000a anxiety disorder. The Social Thoughts and Beliefs Scale (STABS; Turner et al. Psychol Assessment 15:384–391, 2003) was developed\\u000a to assess the broad domain of cognitions associated with social anxiety in a clinical sample. The present study with 469 college\\u000a students examined the applicability of

Thomas A. Fergus; David P. Valentiner; Hyun-Soo Kim; Katherine Stephenson

2009-01-01

169

Computing global structural balance in large-scale signed social networks  

PubMed Central

Structural balance theory affirms that signed social networks (i.e., graphs whose signed edges represent friendly/hostile interactions among individuals) tend to be organized so as to avoid conflictual situations, corresponding to cycles of negative parity. Using an algorithm for ground-state calculation in large-scale Ising spin glasses, in this paper we compute the global level of balance of very large online social networks and verify that currently available networks are indeed extremely balanced. This property is explainable in terms of the high degree of skewness of the sign distributions on the nodes of the graph. In particular, individuals linked by a large majority of negative edges create mostly “apparent disorder,” rather than true “frustration.”

Facchetti, Giuseppe; Iacono, Giovanni; Altafini, Claudio

2011-01-01

170

Social Signaling and the Organization of Small-Scale Society: The Case of Contact-Era New Guinea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Small-scale society furnishes the bread and butter of archeological research. Yet our understanding of what these communities\\u000a did and how they achieved their purpose is still rudimentary. Using the ethnography of contact-era New Guinea, this paper\\u000a presents a “social signaling” model of small-scale social systems that archeologists may find useful for contextualizing and\\u000a interpreting the material record of these societies.

Paul Roscoe

2009-01-01

171

Brief Report: The Social Responsiveness Scale for Adults (SRS-A)-- Initial Results in a German Cohort  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) is a tool for quantitative autism assessment in children and adolescents. The SRS-A addresses social responsiveness in adulthood. Reliability and validity using the German adaptation of the SRS-A was examined in 20 adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), 62 with other mental disorders (CLIN) and 163…

Bolte, Sven

2012-01-01

172

Preliminary Psychometric Evaluation of a New Self-Efficacy Scale and Its Relationship to Treatment Outcome in Social Anxiety Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of self-efficacy as applied to individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD) represents a person's confidence in being able to convey a favorable impression to oth- ers. The current study investigated the psychometric properties and clinical usefulness of a new measure called the Self-Efficacy for Social Situations (SESS) Scale. Results provide preliminary evidence for the reliability and validity of

Brandon A. Gaudiano; James D. Herbert

2003-01-01

173

Preliminary Psychometric Evaluation of a New Self-Efficacy Scale and Its Relationship to Treatment Outcome in Social Anxiety Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of self-efficacy as applied to individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD) represents a person's confidence in being able to convey a favorable impression to others. The current study investigated the psychometric properties and clinical usefulness of a new measure called the Self-Efficacy for Social Situations (SESS) Scale. Results provide preliminary evidence for the reliability and validity of the

Brandon A. Gaudiano; James D. Herbert

2003-01-01

174

Contemporary Daughter/Son Adult Social Role Performance Rating Scale and Interview Protocol: Development, Content Validation, and Exploratory Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to develop and content validate a Performance Rating Scale and Interview Protocol, enabling study of the social role performance of adult daughters and sons as they fulfill the societal norms and expectations of adult children. This exploratory investigation was one of 13 contemporary adult social roles completed by…

Cozad, Dana Everett

2009-01-01

175

The reliability and validity of the Social Responsiveness Scale in a UK general child population.  

PubMed

This is the first UK study to report the reliability, validity, and factor structure of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) in a general population sample. Parents of 500 children (aged 5-8 years) in North East England completed the SRS. Profiles of scores were similar to USA norms, and a single factor structure was identified. Good construct validity and internal consistency were found. Children with identified special needs were found to have significantly higher SRS scores than those without. The findings suggest the SRS performs in similar ways in UK and USA general population samples of children and can be used without modification in the UK. PMID:22277583

Wigham, Sarah; McConachie, Helen; Tandos, Jonathan; Le Couteur, Ann S

2012-01-25

176

Development and validation of measures of social phobia scrutiny fear and social interaction anxiety 1 1 Editor’s note: This article was written before the development of some contemporary measures of social phobia, such as the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory (Turner et al., 1989). We have invited this article for publication because of the growing interest in the scales described therein. S.T  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development and validation of the Social Phobia Scale (SPS) and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) two companion measures for assessing social phobia fears is described. The SPS assesses fears of being scrutinised during routine activities (eating, drinking, writing, etc.), while the SIAS assesses fears of more general social interaction, the scales corresponding to the DSM-III-R descriptions of Social

Richard P. Mattick; J. Christopher Clarke

1998-01-01

177

New mothers network: the provision of social support to single, low-income, African American mothers via e-mail messages.  

PubMed

Electronic mail (e-mail) is being investigated as a health care intervention for mothers caring for their infants. The purpose of this study is to describe themes representing the content of e-mail messages written by 12 single, low-income, African American mothers to nurses participating in the New Mothers Network Study. Three themes that emerged were (a) life's logistics: day-to-day concerns; (b) relationships of support; and (c) personal reflections about being a new mother. Reported themes support the social support theory based on works by House and Revenson, Schiaffano, Majerovitz, and Gibofski used to develop the nursing intervention. Nurses are in key positions to offer social support to African American mothers adjusting to single parenting. Nurses can provide social support to single, low-income African American mothers via e-mail messages to assist them with caring for themselves and their infants. PMID:19211545

Campbell-Grossman, Christie K; Hudson, Diane Brage; Keating-Lefler, Rebecca; Heusinkvelt, Sally

2009-02-10

178

The Solaar HIV Prevention Program for Gay and Bisexual Latino Men: Using Social Marketing to Build Capacity for Service Provision and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Community-researcher partnerships can be powerful mechanisms to understand and effectively address health and social problems such as HIV/AIDS prevention. When the partnership is a positive, productive one, the combined expertise and energy of both parties result in a more effective program and a better evaluation of its effects. This article…

Conner, Ross F.; Takahashi, Lois; Ortiz, Eloy; Archuleta, Eduardo; Muniz, Juan; Rodriguez, Julio

2005-01-01

179

Examining the Stability of the 7-Item Social Physique Anxiety Scale Using a Test-Retest Method  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the stability of the 7-item Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS-7) using a test-retest method. Collegiate, undergraduate (N = 201) students completed two administrations of the SPAS-7, with a 14-day separation between the administrations. The scale was administered either at the beginning or end of the physical activity class.…

Scott, Lisa A.; Burke, Kevin L.; Joyner, A. Barry; Brand, Jennifer S.

2004-01-01

180

Confirmatory Factor Analyses of the Full and Short Versions of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the years, researchers have developed various short versions of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (D. P. Crowne & D. Marlowe, 1960). The authors used confirmatory factor analyses (J. L. Arbuckle, 1997) as well as item and scale analyses to evaluate the adequacy of the full version and various short versions. Overall, the results from 232 Canadian undergraduates showed (a)

Robert Loo; Karran Thorpe

2000-01-01

181

Competing Through Information Provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the competition between sellers who choose how much information to provide to potential buyers. We analyse the symmetric equilibria in information provision of a game in which two sellers with unit supplies compete to attract two buyers with unit demands. Sellers compete ex ante; they commit to a level of information provision and to a sale mechanism

Jean Guillaume Forand

2007-01-01

182

Validation of the Social Appearance Anxiety Scale: factor, convergent, and divergent validity.  

PubMed

The Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (SAAS) was created to assess fear of overall appearance evaluation. Initial psychometric work indicated that the measure had a single-factor structure and exhibited excellent internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and convergent validity. In the current study, the authors further examined the factor, convergent, and divergent validity of the SAAS in two samples of undergraduates. In Study 1 (N = 323), the authors tested the factor structure, convergent, and divergent validity of the SAAS with measures of the Big Five personality traits, negative affect, fear of negative evaluation, and social interaction anxiety. In Study 2 (N = 118), participants completed a body evaluation that included measurements of height, weight, and body fat content. The SAAS exhibited excellent convergent and divergent validity with self-report measures (i.e., self-esteem, trait anxiety, ethnic identity, and sympathy), predicted state anxiety experienced during the body evaluation, and predicted body fat content. In both studies, results confirmed a single-factor structure as the best fit to the data. These results lend additional support for the use of the SAAS as a valid measure of social appearance anxiety. PMID:21467096

Levinson, Cheri A; Rodebaugh, Thomas L

2011-04-05

183

Relationship classification in large scale online social networks and its impact on information propagation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we study two tightly coupled topics in online social networks (OSN): relationship classification and information propagation. The links in a social network often reflect social relationships among users. In this work, we first investigate identifying the relationships among social network users based on certain social network property and limited pre- known information. Social networks have been widely

Shaojie Tang; Jing Yuan; Xufei Mao; Xiang-Yang Li; Wei Chen; Guojun Dai

2011-01-01

184

Across Space and Time: Social Responses to Large-Scale Biophysical Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The conceptual rubric of ecosystem management has been widely discussed and deliberated in conservation biology, environmental policy, and land/resource management. In this paper, I argue that two critical aspects of the ecosystem management concept require greater attention in policy and practice. First, although emphasis has been placed on the “space” of systems, the “time”—or rates of change—associated with biophysical and social systems has received much less consideration. Second, discussions of ecosystem management have often neglected the temporal disconnects between changes in biophysical systems and the response of social systems to management issues and challenges. The empirical basis of these points is a case study of the “Crown of the Continent Ecosystem,” an international transboundary area of the Rocky Mountains that surrounds Glacier National Park (USA) and Waterton Lakes National Park (Canada). This project assessed the experiences and perspectives of 1) middle- and upper-level government managers responsible for interjurisdictional cooperation, and 2) environmental nongovernment organizations with an international focus. I identify and describe 10 key challenges to increasing the extent and intensity of transboundary cooperation in land/resource management policy and practice. These issues are discussed in terms of their political, institutional, cultural, information-based, and perceptual elements. Analytic techniques include a combination of environmental history, semistructured interviews with 48 actors, and text analysis in a systematic qualitative framework. The central conclusion of this work is that the rates of response of human social systems must be better integrated with the rates of ecological change. This challenge is equal to or greater than the well-recognized need to adapt the spatial scale of human institutions to large-scale ecosystem processes and transboundary wildlife.

Macmynowski, Dena P.

2007-06-01

185

Wilderness Orientation: Exploring the Relationship between College Preorientation Programs and Social Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether students differ in reported levels of social support by different types of preorientation experiences (i.e., wilderness program, community service program, preseason athletics, or no preorientation participation) measured by the Campus-Focused Social Provisions Scale (CFSPS). Two colleges provide a sample (N =…

Bell, Brent J.

2006-01-01

186

Higher education and community benefits: the role of regional provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

This briefing explores the tole of higher education provision in regional areas and its impact on students and local communities. It brings together evidence from key data sources to investigate the ways in which regional provision of higher education in Australia benefits regional areas. In contrast to the Grattan Institute approach, the social impact of higher education on regional communities

Sarah Richardson

2011-01-01

187

The Solaar HIV prevention program for gay and bisexual Latino men: using social marketing to build capacity for service provision and evaluation.  

PubMed

Community-researcher partnerships can be powerful mechanisms to understand and effectively address health and social problems such as HIV/AIDS prevention. When the partnership is a positive, productive one, the combined expertise and energy of both parties result in a more effective program and a better evaluation of its effects. This article describes one such partnership and how a program challenge provided the opportunity for both partners to develop new capacities and strengthen others. The program is Proyecto SOLAAR, a community-based and culturally-sensitive HIV prevention program for gay and bisexual Latino men. The program is an experiential, daylong retreat focused on personal aspects of the men (e.g., self-concept), ideas about and aspects of their relationship behavior (e.g., cultural misunderstandings, dating behavior), and HIV prevention; there is a follow-up reunion a month later to share experiences with other participants about new dating and HIV prevention behaviors. The article focuses in particular on how the partners built new capacity in the area of social marketing to address the challenge of participant recruitment and describes the components of the new campaign. These components included distinctive images in ads in publications read by the target population, a toll-free telephone number and Web site for easy initial contact with the program, phone cards and postcards featuring the specially created program image to reinforce a connection to the program, and other aspects. The article describes the partnership between the HIV service providers and the researchers and how the collaborative effort was key to understanding and addressing the recruitment problem, identifying potential solutions, and implementing the new social marketing strategy. This process resulted in four kinds of capacities that were built or strengthened, including program recruitment, program content and implementation, program evaluation, and the partnership itself. The article concludes with a discussion of the unexpected benefits of the capacity-building experience and of the antecedent conditions that fostered the positive partnership outcomes. PMID:16178705

Conner, Ross F; Takahashi, Lois; Ortiz, Eloy; Archuleta, Eduardo; Muniz, Juan; Rodriguez, Julio

2005-08-01

188

Validation of the social appearance anxiety scale in female eating disorder patients.  

PubMed

In the present study, we investigated the psychometric properties of the Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (SAAS) in a sample of 60 female eating disorder patients (M(age) = 27.82, SD = 9.76). The SAAS was developed to assess anxiety about being negatively evaluated for one's appearance. All patients completed the SAAS, the Eating Disorder Inventory-2, the Physical Health Questionnaire-9 Depression and the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Psychopathology. The SAAS demonstrated a one-factor structure and a high internal consistency. The SAAS was significantly positive in relation to body mass index, drive for thinness and body dissatisfaction. Concerning personality dimensions, the SAAS was positively related to emotional problems (e.g. depression, anxiety) and interpersonal problems (e.g. suspiciousness, submissiveness). Findings suggest that the SAAS is a psychometrically sound instrument to assess anxiety about being negatively evaluated about one's appearance in a sample of eating disorder patients. PMID:21805536

Claes, Laurence; Hart, Trevor A; Smits, Dirk; Van den Eynde, Frederique; Mueller, Astrid; Mitchell, James E

2011-08-01

189

Validity of the social responsiveness scale to differentiate between autism spectrum disorders and disruptive behaviour disorders.  

PubMed

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as well as oppositional defiant (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) is characterised by difficulties in social interaction with peers. The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) measures reciprocal social behaviour in children and adolescents and was originally developed as a quantitative measure of autistic traits. In the present study, we compare parent-rated SRS scores in children with ODD, CD, and ASD and examine the diagnostic validity of the SRS alone and in combination with additional questionnaires to differentiate between groups. We hypothesize that the SRS better differentiates ASD and typically developing controls (TD) than ASD and the disruptive behaviour disorders ODD and CD. The sample consists of three clinical groups: ASD without comorbid intellectual delay (N = 55), ODD/CD (N = 55), and TD (N = 55), between 6 and 18 years. The groups were matched by age, sex, and IQ. SRS scores were compared for the three groups. Sensitivity and specificity of the SRS total and sub-scores were examined by receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analyses. Logistic regression analyses were calculated for estimating the rate of correctly specified individuals. The SRS differentiated excellently between ASD and TD (ROC-AUC = 1.00), but sensitivity and specificity were considerably lower when ASD was compared with ODD/CD (ROC-AUC = 0.82). A combination of three parent-rated questionnaires resulted in an improved validity to differentiate ASD and ODD/CD. For clinical screening purposes in children suspicious of ASD and/or ODD/CD, the SRS should be used in combination with additional disorder-specific questionnaires to improve the rate of correct classification of both disorders. PMID:23719758

Cholemkery, Hannah; Kitzerow, Janina; Rohrmann, Sonja; Freitag, Christine M

2013-05-30

190

Shorter communication Behavioral assessment of public-speaking anxiety using a modified version of the Social Performance Rating Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study aimed to extend the evaluation of the utility of the Social Performance Rating Scale (SPRS) (Behav. Res. Ther. 36 (1998) 995). We examined the utility of a modified SPRS for the behavioral assessment of public-speaking anxiety among patients with social phobia (n ¼ 49). The videotaped per- formance of public-speaking fearful patients in a public-speaking task was

Gerlinde C. Harb; Winnie Eng; Talia Zaider; Richard G. Heimberg

191

The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale: a comparison of the psychometric properties of self-report and clinician-administered formats  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The clinician-administered version of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS-CA) is a commonly used assessment device for the evaluation of social anxiety disorder and has been shown to have strong psychometric characteristics. Because of its apparently straightforward rating format and potential savings in time and eort, interest in the use of the LSAS as a self-report (LSAS-SR) measure has

D. M. FRESCO; M. E. COLES; R. G. HEIMBERG; M. R. LIEBOWITZ; S. HAMI; M. B. STEIN; D. GOETZ

2001-01-01

192

Effect of large-scale social marketing of insecticide-treated nets on child survival in rural Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Background Insecticide-treated nets have proven efficacy as a malaria-control tool in Africa. However, the transition from efficacy to effectiveness cannot be taken for granted. We assessed coverage and the effect on child survival of a large- scale social marketing programme for insecticide-treated nets in two rural districts of southern Tanzania with high perennial malaria transmission. Methods Socially marketed insecticide-treated

Joanna RM Armstrong Schellenberg; Salim Abdulla; Rose Nathan; Oscar Mukasa; Tanya J Marchant; Nassor Kikumbih; Adiel K Mushi; Haji Mponda; Happiness Minja; Hassan Mshinda; Marcel Tanner; Christian Lengeler

2001-01-01

193

Rasch calibration of physical activity self-efficacy and social support scale for persons with intellectual disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the construct validity of the Self-Efficacy\\/Social Support for Activity for persons with Intellectual Disability (SE\\/SS-AID) scales developed by Peterson, Peterson, Lowe, & Nothwehr (2009). A total of 146 participants with intellectual disabilities completed 6 self-efficacy (SE) items and 18 social support (SS) items. After applying the Rasch rating model, all SE items

Miyoung Lee; Jana J. Peterson; Alicia Dixon

2010-01-01

194

Assessing autistic traits in a Taiwan preschool population: cross-cultural validation of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS).  

PubMed

The cross-cultural validity of the Mandarin-adaptation of the social responsiveness scale (SRS) was examined in a sample of N = 307 participants in Taiwan, 140 typically developing and 167 with clinically-diagnosed developmental disorders. This scale is an autism assessment tool that provides a quantitative rather than categorical measure of social impairment in the general population. SRS total and subscale scores distinguished significantly between autism spectrum disorder and other developmental disorders (p < 0.01). Total SRS scores and sensitivity and specificity of the scale for diagnosing developmental disorders in the Taiwan study were similar to those observed in Western studies. These findings support the cross-cultural validity of the SRS scale for detecting autistic traits and for distinguishing between autism and other neuropsychiatric conditions. PMID:22407579

Wang, Jessica; Lee, Li-Ching; Chen, Ying-Sheue; Hsu, Ju-Wei

2012-11-01

195

Coping and Social Support as Mediators of the Relation of Optimism to Depressive Symptoms Among Black College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation examines mechanisms through which optimism may influence psychological adjustment among 133 Black college students. Specifically, this study evaluates the extent to which active and avoidant coping and social support account for the association between optimism and depressive symptoms. Participants completed questionnaires that included the Life Orientation Test-Revised, the COPE, the Social Provisions Scale, and the 12-item Center for

Catherine E. Mosher; Hazel M. Prelow; William W. Chen; Molly E. Yackel

2006-01-01

196

The properties of the lipsitt self-concept scale in relationship to sex, social desirability, neuroticism and extra version  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Lipsitt Self-Concept Scale was completed by 802 16-yr olds, together with the neuroticism, extraversion and Lie scales of the Junior Eysenck Personality Inventory. The overall reliability of the instrument is supported among this age group. Regarding the construct validity of the instrument, the data demonstrate that Lipsitt's implicit assumptions regarding the nature of a good self-concept favour femininity, social

Leslie J. Francis; Marian Carter; Susan Jones

1995-01-01

197

Sexual Deception as a Social-Exchange Process: Development of a Behavior-Based Sexual Deception Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of deception in association with sexual encounters may take many forms, ranging from outright lies to more subtle, evasive manipulations. To address such deceptions, a behavior-based sexual deception scale was developed utilizing social exchange theory. Participants were 267 individuals associated with two large universities who were surveyed regarding different aspects of their sexual deceptive behaviors. In addition, items

William D. Marelich; Jessica Lundquist; Kimberly Painter; Mindy B. Mechanic

2008-01-01

198

Preschool Children's Learning Behaviors, Concept Attainment, Social Skills, and Problem Behaviors: Validity Evidence for Preschool Learning Behaviors Scale Scores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study provides concurrent and predictive validity and test-retest reliability evidence for scores from the preschool teacher-completed Preschool Learning Behaviors Scale (PLBS; McDermott, Green, Francis, & Stott, 2002) using two regional samples of preschool children aged 3 to 5.5 years (Ns of 61 and 70). Teacher ratings of social skills and…

Schaefer, Barbara A.; Shur, Kimberely Fitch; Macri-Summers, Maria; MacDonald, Scott L.

2004-01-01

199

Promoting Leisure Physical Activity Participation among Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: Validation of Self-Efficacy and Social Support Scales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Many individuals with intellectual disabilities are not sufficiently active for availing health benefits. Little is known about correlates of physical activity among this population on which to build health promotion interventions. Materials and Methods: We developed scales for measurement of self-efficacy and social support for…

Peterson, Jana J.; Peterson, N. Andrew; Lowe, John B.; Nothwehr, Faryle K.

2009-01-01

200

Measurement and Validity Characteristics of the Short Version of the Social and Emotional Loneliness Scale for Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a psychometric study of the short form of the Social and Emotional Loneliness Scale for Adults (SELSA-S). Data were collected via self-report measures and mail surveys from several samples including university students, spouses of military personnel, and psychiatric patients. A total of 1,526 individuals took part in this…

DiTommaso, Enrico; Brannen, Cyndi; Best, Lisa A.

2004-01-01

201

The Kohn Social Competence Scale and Kohn Symptom Checklist for the preschool child: A follow-up report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of the present paper is on two research instruments designed to assess the behavior of children in a preschool setting as well as on two factor-analytically derived dimensions of social-emotional functioning which the instruments measure. Previously developed rating scales for the assessment of personality functioning of preschool children (see Koch, 1942; Richards & Simons, 1941; Williams, 1935) have

Martin Kohn; William Alanson

1977-01-01

202

Genome-wide linkage using the Social Responsiveness Scale in Utah autism pedigrees  

PubMed Central

Background Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are phenotypically heterogeneous, characterized by impairments in the development of communication and social behaviour and the presence of repetitive behaviour and restricted interests. Dissecting the genetic complexity of ASD may require phenotypic data reflecting more detail than is offered by a categorical clinical diagnosis. Such data are available from the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) which is a continuous, quantitative measure of social ability giving scores that range from significant impairment to above average ability. Methods We present genome-wide results for 64 multiplex and extended families ranging from two to nine generations. SRS scores were available from 518 genotyped pedigree subjects, including affected and unaffected relatives. Genotypes from the Illumina 6 k single nucleotide polymorphism panel were provided by the Center for Inherited Disease Research. Quantitative and qualitative analyses were done using MCLINK, a software package that uses Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods to perform multilocus linkage analysis on large extended pedigrees. Results When analysed as a qualitative trait, linkage occurred in the same locations as in our previous affected-only genome scan of these families, with findings on chromosomes 7q31.1-q32.3 [heterogeneity logarithm of the odds (HLOD) = 2.91], 15q13.3 (HLOD = 3.64), and 13q12.3 (HLOD = 2.23). Additional positive qualitative results were seen on chromosomes 6 and 10 in regions that may be of interest for other neuropsychiatric disorders. When analysed as a quantitative trait, results replicated a peak found in an independent sample using quantitative SRS scores on chromosome 11p15.1-p15.4 (HLOD = 2.77). Additional positive quantitative results were seen on chromosomes 7, 9, and 19. Conclusions The SRS linkage peaks reported here substantially overlap with peaks found in our previous affected-only genome scan of clinical diagnosis. In addition, we replicated a previous SRS peak in an independent sample. These results suggest the SRS is a robust and useful phenotype measure for genetic linkage studies of ASD. Finally, analyses of SRS scores revealed linkage peaks overlapping with evidence from other studies of neuropsychiatric diseases. The information available from the SRS itself may, therefore, reveal locations for autism susceptibility genes that would not otherwise be detected.

2010-01-01

203

Investigating the clinical usefulness of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) in a tertiary level, autism spectrum disorder specific assessment clinic.  

PubMed

The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS; Constantino and Gruber in Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS). Western Psychological Services, Los Angeles, 2005) is a commonly used screening tool for identifying children with possible autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study investigated the relationship between SRS scores and eventual diagnostic outcome for children referred to a tertiary level, autism specific assessment service. Forty eight children (mean age = 8.10; 92% male) underwent a comprehensive ASD assessment. Parent and teacher SRS scores were subsequently compared with diagnostic outcome. Sensitivity was high (91% for parent report; 84% for teacher report), however specificity was much lower (8% for parent report; 41% for teacher report). Results demonstrate a need for caution when interpreting SRS results based on current cut-off scores, particularly in children with previously identified social developmental problems. PMID:21516433

Aldridge, Fiona J; Gibbs, Vicki M; Schmidhofer, Katherine; Williams, Megan

2012-02-01

204

The Social Strategy Game: Resource Competition within Female Social Networks among Small-scale Forager-Horticulturalists.  

PubMed

This paper examines social determinants of resource competition among Tsimane Amerindian women of Bolivia. We introduce a semi-anonymous experiment (the Social Strategy Game) designed to simulate resource competition among women. Information concerning dyadic social relationships and demographic data were collected to identify variables influencing resource competition intensity, as measured by the number of beads one woman took from another. Relationship variables are used to test how the affiliative or competitive aspects of dyads affect the extent of prosociality in the game. Using a mixed-modeling procedure, we find that women compete with those with whom they are quarreling over accusations of meat theft, mate competition, and rumor spreading. They also compete with members of their social network and with those who were designated as cooperative helpers or as close kin. Women take fewer beads from desired friends, neighbors, and from those viewed as enemies. We interpret favoritism toward enemies as resulting from fear of retribution. Our results suggest that social relations among women are multifaceted and often cannot be simplified by exclusive focus on genetic relatedness, physical proximity, or reciprocity. We argue that a complex understanding of cooperation and competition among women may require important contextual information concerning relationship history in addition to typical features of resource ecology. PMID:20526460

Rucas, Stacey L; Gurven, Michael; Kaplan, Hillard; Winking, Jeffrey

2010-03-10

205

A compromise between self-enhancement and honesty: Chinese self-evaluations on social desirability scales.  

PubMed

In this investigation, 202 Chinese college students were asked to complete the 48-item revised Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (Crowne & Marlowe, 1960) which contains 32 items from the original version for the purpose of rating item desirability and estimating the percentage of others in general who would behave in the manner described by these items. Analysis indicated (a) nearly all original items keyed in the original direction, which suggests similar fundamental values are prevalent among American and Chinese college students; (b) the distribution of Chinese scores on the 32 items was somewhat positively skewed rather than negatively skewed as in some Western studies of American and Canadian college students. Also, (c) Chinese subjects perceived that they did significantly more desirable and slightly fewer undesirable things than others from which one may infer that Chinese college students tended to give both self-enhancing and honest responses to present good images; however, their need for self-enhancement may take precedence over the need to be honest. (d) Subjects chose to give more honest responses to undesirable items than to desirable ones because the more undesirable items were rated as approximately more neutral than were more desirable ones. Hence, endorsing such undesirable items would not threaten their self-esteem or face. It can be seen that Chinese subjects made an intelligent compromise between self-enhancement and honesty. PMID:12674296

Cuixia, Liu; Jian, Xiao; Zhongfang, Yang

2003-02-01

206

Development and Measurement through Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Young Adult Social Behavior Scale (YASB): An Assessment of Relational Aggression in Adolescence and Young Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Young Adult Social Behavior Scale was developed for the purpose of measuring self-reported relational and social aggression and behaviors of interpersonal maturity in adolescents and young adults (the sample included 629 university students; 66% female; 91.6% White). Despite previous research suggesting that relational and social aggression…

Crothers, Laura M.; Schreiber, James B.; Field, Julaine E.; Kolbert, Jered B.

2009-01-01

207

Interactional Infrastructure in Rural Communities: Matching Training Needs and Provision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports some of the main lessons learnt from a collaborative project titled "Generating jobs in regional Tasmania: a social capital approach" investigating how two small rural Tasmanian communities could better match local training needs with training provision. The project was conducted within the context of the wider social, economic…

Kilpatrick, Sue; Loechel, Barton

2004-01-01

208

Utility of the social communication questionnaire-current and social responsiveness scale as teacher-report screening tools for autism spectrum disorders.  

PubMed

Limited research exists regarding the role of teachers in screening for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The current study examined the use of the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) and Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) as completed by parents and teachers about school-age children from the Simons Simplex Collection. Using the recommended cutoff scores in the manuals and extant literature, the teacher-completed SCQ and SRS yielded lower sensitivity and specificity values than would be desirable; however, lowering the cutoff scores on both instruments improved sensitivity and specificity to more adequate levels for screening purposes. Using the adjusted cutoff scores, the SRS teacher form appears to be a slightly better screener than the SCQ. Implications and limitations are discussed, as well as areas for future research. PMID:22143742

Schanding, G Thomas; Nowell, Kerri P; Goin-Kochel, Robin P

2012-08-01

209

Brief Report: the Social Responsiveness Scale for Adults (SRS-A): initial results in a German cohort.  

PubMed

The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) is a tool for quantitative autism assessment in children and adolescents. The SRS-A addresses social responsiveness in adulthood. Reliability and validity using the German adaptation of the SRS-A was examined in 20 adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), 62 with other mental disorders (CLIN) and 163 typically developing (TD) participants. Cronbach's alpha ranged from .71 (TD) to .89 (ASD). A SRS-A total score of 67 had a sensitivity of .85, and a specificity of .83 for ASD versus CLIN/TD. Correlations with established autism scales (ADOS, AQ, SCQ) were moderate to high (r = .25-.83). Results provide adequate preliminary support for the application of the SRS-A. PMID:22183423

Bölte, Sven

2012-09-01

210

Testing the Short and Screener versions of the Social Adjustment Scale -Self-report (SAS-SR)  

PubMed Central

The 54-item Social Adjustment Scale – Self-report (SAS-SR) is a measure of social functioning used in research studies and clinical practice. Two shortened versions were recently developed: the 24-item SAS-SR: Short and the 14-item SAS-SR: Screener. We briefly describe the development of the shortened scales and then assess their reliability and validity in comparison to the full SAS-SR in new analyses from two separate samples of convenience from a family study and from a primary care clinic. Compared to the full SAS-SR, the shortened scales performed well, exhibiting high correlations with full SAS-SR scores (r values between 0.81 and 0.95); significant correlations with health-related quality of life as measured by the Short Form 36 Health Survey; the ability to distinguish subjects with major depression versus other psychiatric disorders versus no mental disorders; and sensitivity to change in clinical status as measured longitudinally with the Symptom Checklist-90 and Global Assessment Scale. The SAS-SR: Short and SAS-SR: Screener retained the areas assessed by the full SAS-SR with fewer items in each area, and appear to be promising replacements for the full scale when a shorter administration time is desired and detailed information on performance in different areas is not required. Further work is needed to test the validity of the shortened measures.

GAMEROFF, MARC J.; WICKRAMARATNE, PRIYA; WEISSMAN, MYRNA M.

2012-01-01

211

Comparison of Ratings by Mothers and Teachers on Preschool Children Using the Vineland Social Maturity Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Comparison of informants' ratings of 20 preschool children on the VSMS showed no significant correlations between either the social quotients or the rankings by mothers and daycare center teachers. Of significance was that the mothers consistently reported the social quotients of the children to be higher than did the teachers. (Author)|

Kaplan, Harriett E.; Alatishe, Moses

1976-01-01

212

Development and Validation of the Adolescent Racial and Ethnic Socialization Scale (ARESS) in African American Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Racial and ethnic socialization are an integral part of African American parenting strategies. Varied conceptualizations and operationalizations of racial and ethnic socialization exist within the literature with limited evidence of the validity of existing measures. The purpose of this study is to develop a comprehensive definition of racial and…

Brown, Tiffany L.; Krishnakumar, Ambika

2007-01-01

213

The Validation of a Scale to Measure Early Social-Communicative Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few language assessments are currently available which focus on prelinguistic social-communicative behavior. This paper discusses four studies intended to generate empirical evidence on the validity of a measure designed to assess prelinguistic communicative behavior. The measure elicits social-communicative behavior through the presentation of ten simple tasks. Both the concurrent and content validity of the elicited tasks were demonstrated through their

Mary Beth Bruder

1984-01-01

214

Decentralization of the provision of health services to people living with HIV\\/AIDS in rural China: the case of three counties  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is based on a large-scale household survey and in-depth interviews of key informants that was conducted in villages in three counties of two provinces in China. We assess the new decentralized service provision system for people living with HIV\\/AIDS in rural populations in China. Since 2003, new social assistance schemes, and, more importantly, decentralization of routine treatment and

Xiulan Zhang; Pierre Miège; Yurong Zhang

2011-01-01

215

Appraisal, coping, self-efficacy, and social support as predictors of distress among parents of children with anorexia nervosa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationships between negative cognitive appraisal, dysfunctional coping, self-efficacy, social support and psychological distress experienced by parents who are caring for a child or adolescent who has been diagnosed with and is being treated for anorexia nervosa. Several self-report measures (i.e., the Experience of Caregiving Inventory, Brief COPE, the General Self-Efficacy Scale, the Social Provisions Scale, and

Lauren Foley Stack

2012-01-01

216

Filler Items and Social Desirability in Rotter's Locus of Control Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three experiments were conducted with college psychology students to determine whether the use of filler items in Rotter's I-E scale fulfills its stated objective of obscuring the purpose of the scale. Fillers didn't effect I-E scores, impede subjects from faking good, or obscure knowledge of the scale. (Author/DEP)

Kestenbaum, Joel M.; Hammersla, Joy

1976-01-01

217

EarthScope's Education, Outreach, and Communications: Using Social Media from Continental to Global Scales  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social media has emerged as a popular and effective form of communication among all age groups, with nearly half of Internet users belonging to a social network or using another form of social media on a regular basis. This phenomenon creates an excellent opportunity for earth science organizations to use the wide reach, functionality and informal environment of social media platforms to disseminate important scientific information, create brand recognition, and establish trust with users. Further, social media systems can be utilized for missions of education, outreach, and communicating important timely information (e.g., news agencies are common users). They are eminently scaleable (thus serving from a few to millions of users with no cost and no performance problem), searchable (people are turning to them more frequently as conduits for information), and user friendly (thanks to the massive resources poured into the underlying technology and design, these systems are easy to use and have been widely adopted). They can be used, therefore, to engage the public interactively with the EarthScope facilities, experiments, and discoveries, and continue the cycle of discussions, experiments, analysis and conclusions that typify scientific advancement. The EarthScope National Office (ESNO) is launching an effort to utilize social media to broaden its impact as a conduit between scientists, facilities, educators, and the public. The ESNO will use the opportunities that social media affords to offer high quality science content in a variety of formats that appeal to social media users of various age groups, including blogs (popular with users 18-29), Facebook and Twitter updates (popular with users ages 18-50), email updates (popular with older adults), and video clips (popular with all age groups). We will monitor the number of "fans" and "friends" on social media and networking pages in order to gauge the increase in the percentage of the user population visiting the site. We will also use existing tools available on social media sites to track the relationships between users who visit or "friend" the site to determine how knowledge of the site is transferred amongst various social, educational or geographic groups. Finally, we will use this information to iteratively improve the variety of content and media on the site to increase our user pool, improve EarthScope recognition, and provide appropriate and user-specific Earth science information, especially for time sensitive events of wide interest such as natural disasters.

Bohon, W.; Frus, R.; Arrowsmith, R.; Fouch, M. J.; Garnero, E. J.; Semken, S. C.; Taylor, W. L.

2011-12-01

218

Development and validation of the Agents’ Socially Desirable Responding (ASDR) scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the marketing discipline has advanced knowledge by augmenting objective measures of marketing performance with survey-solicited\\u000a subjective measures, it has not adequately attended to potential response biases. The authors’ review of the literature highlights\\u000a the need for a valid measure of socially desirable responding that can be used in detecting social desirability bias in managers’\\u000a responses to subjective performance measures.

Kenneth C. Manning; William O. Bearden; Kelly Tian

2009-01-01

219

Displacement, county social cohesion, and depression after a large-scale traumatic event.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: Depression is a common and potentially debilitating consequence of traumatic events. Mass traumatic events cause wide-ranging disruptions to community characteristics, influencing the population risk of depression. In the aftermath of such events, population displacement is common. Stressors associated with displacement may increase risk of depression directly. Indirectly, persons who are displaced may experience erosion in social cohesion, further exacerbating their risk for depression. METHODS: Using data from a population-based cross-sectional survey of adults living in the 23 southernmost counties of Mississippi (N = 708), we modeled the independent and joint relations of displacement and county-level social cohesion with depression 18-24 months after Hurricane Katrina. RESULTS: After adjustment for individual- and county-level socio-demographic characteristics and county-level hurricane exposure, joint exposure to both displacement and low social cohesion was associated with substantially higher log-odds of depression (b = 1.34 [0.86-1.83]). Associations were much weaker for exposure only to low social cohesion (b = 0.28 [-0.35-0.90]) or only to displacement (b = 0.04 [-0.80-0.88]). The associations were robust to additional adjustment for individually perceived social cohesion and social support. CONCLUSION: Addressing the multiple, simultaneous disruptions that are a hallmark of mass traumatic events is important to identify vulnerable populations and understand the psychological ramifications of these events. PMID:23644724

Lê, Félice; Tracy, Melissa; Norris, Fran H; Galea, Sandro

2013-05-01

220

Development of a Community Commitment Scale with Cross-sectional Survey Validation for Preventing Social Isolation in Older Japanese People  

PubMed Central

Background Elderly social isolation could be prevented by facilitating communication or mutual helping at the neighborhood level. The helping of elderly neighbors by local volunteers may relate to their community commitment (CC), but ways to measure CC have not been identified. The aim of the present study was to develop a Community Commitment Scale (CCS) to measure psychological sense of belonging and socializing in the community among local volunteers, for research in prevention of elderly social isolation. We also tested the CCS in a general population of the elderly. Methods A pilot test of 266 Japanese urban residents was conducted to examine face validity for 24 identified items, of which 12 items were selected for the CCS, based on a 4-point Likert-type scale. The CCS was developed via self-report questionnaires to 859 local volunteers in two suburban cities and to 3484 randomly sampled general residents aged 55 years or older living in one of the cities. To assess concurrent validity, data were collected using the Brief Sense of Community Scale (Peterson; 2008) and two types of single questions on self-efficacy for helping elderly neighbors. Results Item analysis and factor analysis identified 8 items, which were classified between two datasets under the domains of “belonging” and “socializing” in the local volunteers and the general residents. Cronbach’s alpha (which conveyed the internal consistency of the CCS) was 0.75 in local volunteers and 0.78 in general residents. The correlation coefficients between the scores of the CCS and BSCS were 0.54 for local volunteers and 0.62 for general residents. ANOVA comparing the CCS between the confidence levels of the two types of single question of self-efficacy on helping elderly neighbors showed a strong relationship in the volunteers and residents. Conclusions These results demonstrate acceptable internal consistency and concurrent validity for the CCS, with the two dimensions “belonging” and “socializing”, among the local volunteers and general residents in urban Japanese areas. Community commitment measured by the CCS was related to the degree of confidence for self-efficacy in helping elderly neighbors to prevent elderly social isolation.

2012-01-01

221

An Analysis of Role Conflict and Ambiguity Scales: A Replication Study of the Psychometric Properties and an Assessment of the Role of Social Desirability Bias.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Utilizing five diverse samples (N=540), the psychometric properties and role of social desirability response bias were assessed on the role conflict and role ambiguity scales (RCA) developed by Rizzo, House and Lirtzman (1970). In particular, the factor s...

F. Luthans S. A. Rosenkrantz

1982-01-01

222

The Compassion Fatigue Scale: Its Use With Social Workers Following Urban Disaster  

PubMed Central

Objective The present study has two goals: to assess the difference between secondary trauma and job burnout and to examine the utility of secondary trauma in predicting psychological distress. Method The data come from a survey of social workers (N = 236) living in New York City 20 months following the September 11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center (WTC). Results Social workers’ involvement in WTC recovery efforts is related to secondary trauma but not burnout. Analyses also reveal that both secondary trauma and burnout are related to psychological distress after controlling for other risk factors. Conclusion This study supports the importance of compassion fatigue as a risk factor for social workers counseling traumatized clients and its association with psychological problems.

Adams, Richard E.; Figley, Charles R.; Boscarino, Joseph A.

2008-01-01

223

Rasch calibration of physical activity self-efficacy and social support scale for persons with intellectual disabilities.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the construct validity of the Self-Efficacy/Social Support for Activity for persons with Intellectual Disability (SE/SS-AID) scales developed by Peterson, Peterson, Lowe, & Nothwehr (2009). A total of 146 participants with intellectual disabilities completed 6 self-efficacy (SE) items and 18 social support (SS) items. After applying the Rasch rating model, all SE items and 17 SS items fit the model and measured a single-construct. Thus, it was able to determine the item difficulty and person's level of SE and SS for physical activity by calculated logit scores. No items showed evidence for differential functioning by the level of intellectual disability. Model fit of SS subscales (e.g., staff, family, and peer) showed good-fit as well. In conclusion, SE and SS scales for physical activity can be measured more accurately for persons with intellectual disabilities by using the modified scales validated in this study. PMID:20363109

Lee, Miyoung; Peterson, Jana J; Dixon, Alicia

2010-04-02

224

Beyond habitat requirements: individual fine-scale site fidelity in a colony of the Galapagos sea lion ( Zalophus wollebaeki ) creates conditions for social structuring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Site fidelity has been widely discussed, but rarely been related explicitly to a species’ social context. This is surprising,\\u000a as fine-scale site fidelity constitutes an important structural component in animal societies by setting limits to an individual’s\\u000a social interaction space. The study of fine-scale site fidelity is complicated by the fact that it is inextricably linked\\u000a to patterns of habitat

Jochen B. W. Wolf; Fritz Trillmich

2007-01-01

225

Validation of a Brief Quantitative Measure of Autistic Traits: Comparison of the Social Responsiveness Scale with the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of the broader autism phenotype, and of subtle changes in autism symptoms over time, have been compromised by a lack of established quantitative assessment tools. The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS—formerly known as the Social Reciprocity Scale) is a new instrument that can be completed by parents and\\/or teachers in 15–20 minutes. We compared the SRS with the Autism Diagnostic

John N. Constantino; Sandra A. Davis; Richard D. Todd; Matthew K. Schindler; Maggie M. Gross; Susan L. Brophy; Lisa M. Metzger; Christiana S. Shoushtari; Reagan Splinter; Wendy Reich

2003-01-01

226

An Investigation of the Relationship between Social Skills and Internalizing Problems in Early Childhood: Construct Validity of the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research findings on possible links between the constructs of social skills and internalizing disorders during early childhood are presented. Developmental research data from a new child behavioral rating instrument, the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales (PKBS), were utilized to explore the social skills\\/internalizing problems link and to identify some important behavioral characteristics of young children who are at high risk

Kenneth W. Merrell

1995-01-01

227

The Compassion Fatigue Scale: Its Use With Social Workers Following Urban Disaster  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The present study has two goals: to assess the difference between secondary trauma and job burnout and to examine the utility of secondary trauma in predicting psychological distress. Method: The data come from a survey of social workers (N = 236) living in New York City 20 months following the September 11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center

Richard E. Adams; Charles R. Figley; Joseph A. Boscarino

2007-01-01

228

LEARNING TO BEAT COCHRANE'S TREADMILL Public policy, markets and social learning in Chile's small scale agriculture  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of the small farming development strategy followed in Chile since the early 1990's, shows that in the context of increasingly liberalized economies open to international competition, the success and sustainability of local development initiatives depends on the interaction between market characteristics and signals, reformist public policies, and the approaches used to facilitate social learning and adaptive management. Market-oriented

Julio A. Berdegué

229

Increasing Social Capital and Personal Efficacy through Small-Scale Community Events  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|California's voter-approved Children and Families Act of 1998 calls for money collected from tobacco taxes to support services for families with children up to 5 years of age. Sacramento County uses a portion of its allocation for small community grants with the specific intent of building social capital among neighbors and across communities.…

Molitor, Fred; Rossi, Melissa; Branton, Lisa; Field, Julie

2011-01-01

230

Social desirability and responses to items from three MMPI scales: D, Sc, and K  

Microsoft Academic Search

For random samples of 25 D and 32 Sc items, and for 29 of the 30 K items, ratings of social desirability were correlated with the probabilities that the items would be endorsed when the MMPI was used as a personality test (based on proportion of a college student sample actually endorsing each item). The correlations were .82 and .89

Charles Hanley

1956-01-01

231

The Compassion Fatigue Scale: Its Use with Social Workers Following Urban Disaster  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The present study has two goals: to assess the difference between secondary trauma and job burnout and to examine the utility of secondary trauma in predicting psychological distress. Method: The data come from a survey of social workers (N = 236) living in New York City 20 months following the September 11 terrorist attacks on the…

Adams, Richard E.; Figley, Charles R.; Boscarino, Joseph A.

2008-01-01

232

The Compassion Fatigue Scale: Its Use with Social Workers Following Urban Disaster  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The present study has two goals: to assess the difference between secondary trauma and job burnout and to examine the utility of secondary trauma in predicting psychological distress. Method: The data come from a survey of social workers (N = 236) living in New York City 20 months following the September 11 terrorist attacks on the…

Adams, Richard E.; Figley, Charles R.; Boscarino, Joseph A.

2008-01-01

233

Moving from small science to big science: Social and organizational impediments to large scale data sharing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses some of the issues that arise when small scientific projects make the transition to becoming part of larger scientific collaborations, as seen from a social informatics perspective. The data for the paper is drawn from two cases: a systematic study of a humpback whale research project involving federating data about the population and movements of humpbacks in

Eric T. Meyer

234

Brief Report: Excellent Agreement between Two Brief Autism Scales (Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder and Social Responsiveness Scale) Completed Independently by Parents and the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Agreement between the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) and two brief scales completed by parents was 93.1% for the Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder (CASD) and 89.7% for the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) in a sample of adolescents with suspected autism spectrum disorders. Our study is consistent with others showing that brief…

Murray, Michael J.; Mayes, Susan Dickerson; Smith, Laura A.

2011-01-01

235

Willingness to try new foods as predicted by social representations and attitude and trait scales.  

PubMed

The structure and predictive ability of social representation of new foods were investigated and compared with instruments measuring relevant attitudes and traits using a questionnaire quantifying these aspects, completed by 743 respondents. Based on their rated willingness to try, new foods were categorized as modified dairy products, genetically modified (GM), organic, and ethnic products (two examples, snails and passion fruit, were treated separately). The social representation (SR) consisted of five dimensions: suspicion of novelties, adherence to technology, adherence to natural food, eating as an enjoyment, and eating as a necessity. The SR dimensions were strong predictors of willingness to try GM foods (predicted by adherence to technology) and organic foods (predicted by adherence to natural foods). Low food neophobia predicted the rated willingness to try snails and passion fruit. Thus, different constructs predicted willingness to try different categories of new foods, and as a whole, SR dimensions markedly improved the prediction. PMID:15262020

Bäckström, A; Pirttilä-Backman, A-M; Tuorila, H

2004-08-01

236

Job Security Provisions and Employment  

Microsoft Academic Search

European countries have enacted various job security provisions over the last thirty years. Employers are required to pay workers on separation or to give advance notice of termination. In anything less than a perfectly functioning market, there are effects of the provisions on employment. Incumbents are more likely to retain their jobs, but new workers are less likely to be

Edward P Lazear

1990-01-01

237

Brain mapping of psychological processes with psychometric scales: An fMRI method for social neuroscience  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionThe functional neuroimaging literature has used many stimuli (e.g., games, pictures, sounds) in fMRI studies to induce activation in brain areas related to psychological processes. To improve the link among psychological processes and their brain mapping, this study integrates the theory of measurement in the social sciences with the functional neuroimaging literature to propose a simple method that localizes the

Angelika Dimoka

2011-01-01

238

A Gap in the Community-Size Distribution of a Large-Scale Social Networking Site  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networking sites (SNS) have recently used by millions of people all\\u000aover the world. An SNS is a society on the Internet, where people communicate\\u000aand foster friendship with each other. We examine a nation-wide SNS (more than\\u000asix million users at present), mutually acknowledged friendship network with\\u000athird million people and nearly two million links. By employing a

Kikuo Yuta; Naoaki Ono; Yoshi Fujiwara

2007-01-01

239

Ethical, Legal and Social Aspects of Brain-Implants Using Nano-Scale Materials and Techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nanotechnology is an important platform technology which will add new features like improved biocompatibility, smaller size,\\u000a and more sophisticated electronics to neuro-implants improving their therapeutic potential. Especially in view of possible\\u000a advantages for patients, research and development of nanotechnologically improved neuro implants is a moral obligation. However,\\u000a the development of brain implants by itself touches many ethical, social and legal

Francois Berger; Sjef Gevers; Ludwig Siep; Klaus-Michael Weltring

2008-01-01

240

The evolution of autism research: A study assessing the use of calibrated severity scores and the social responsiveness scale with implications for future data collections  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to analyze two instruments used in a large scale Autism genetics consortium. One instrument yields a Calibrated Severity Score (CSS) and involves a structured assessment that must be completed by a highly skilled and trained professional. The next instrument, Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), is a questionnaire that can be filled out by a parent

Alison C Vehorn

2012-01-01

241

The British Sign Language Versions of the Patient Health Questionnaire, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item Scale, and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale  

PubMed Central

The present study is aimed to translate 3 widely used clinical assessment measures into British Sign Language (BSL), to pilot the BSL versions, and to establish their validity and reliability. These were the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale, and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS). The 3 assessment measures were translated into BSL and piloted with the Deaf signing population in the United Kingdom (n = 113). Participants completed the PHQ-9, GAD-7, WSAS, and Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation–Outcome Measure (CORE-OM) online. The reliability and validity of the BSL versions of PHQ-9, GAD-7, and WSAS have been examined and were found to be good. The construct validity for the PHQ-9 BSL version did not find the single-factor solution as found in the hearing population. The BSL versions of PHQ-9, GAD-7, and WSAS have been produced in BSL and can be used with the signing Deaf population in the United Kingdom. This means that now there are accessible mental health assessments available for Deaf people who are BSL users, which could assist in the early identification of mental health difficulties.

Rogers, Katherine D.

2013-01-01

242

Provision of urban green spaces: Some insights from economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social demand for urban green spaces (UGSs) is increasing as a result of rapid urbanisation. To ensure the efficiency of public spending, their provision should be based on economic criteria. We highlight a range of issues in UGS policies and provide some economic instruments. UGSs confer costs and benefits that are not always taken into consideration. They lead to

Johanna Choumert; Julien Salanié

2008-01-01

243

Evaluation of Social Cognitive Scaling Response Options in the Physical Activity Domain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to compare the reliability, variability, and predictive validity of two common scaling response formats (semantic differential, Likert-type) and two numbers of response options (5-point, 7-point) in the physical activity domain. Constructs of the theory of planned behavior were chosen in this analysis based on its…

Rhodes, Ryan E.; Matheson, Deborah Hunt; Mark, Rachel

2010-01-01

244

Sex-biased dispersal patterns depend on the spatial scale in a social rodent  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dispersal is a fundamental process in ecology because it influences the dynamics, genetic structure and persistence of populations. Furthermore, understanding the evolutionary causes of dispersal pattern, par- ticularly when they differ between genders, is still a major question in evolutionary ecology. Using a panel of 10 microsatellite loci, we investigated at different spatial scales the genetic structure and the sex-specific

B. Gauffre; E. Petit; S. Brodier; V. Bretagnolle; J. F. Cosson

2009-01-01

245

Malingering on the Social Security Disability Consultative Exam: A New Rating Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

In disability examinations, benefits may depend on the findings of a psychological consultative examination (PCE), which in Louisiana usually involves a mental status examination and a Wechsler Scale. The disability determinations service (DDS) requires a warning that failure to do one's best may result in an unfavorable decision on the claim, but psychologists are officially discouraged from determining effort by

Michael D. Chafetz; Joel P. Abrahams; Joy Kohlmaier

2007-01-01

246

Environmental and social impacts of large scale hydroelectric development: who is listening?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most often heard claims in support of large scale hydroelectric development are: (1) hydropower generation is ‘clean’, (2) water flowing freely to the ocean is ‘wasted’, and (3) local residents (usually aboriginals) will benefit from the development. These three claims are critically examined using case histories from Canada and elsewhere in the world. The critique is based mainly on

DM Rosenberg; R. A. Bodaly; P. J. Usher

1995-01-01

247

7 CFR 760.1314 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SPECIAL PROGRAMS INDEMNITY PAYMENT PROGRAMS Dairy Economic Loss Assistance Payment Program § 760.1314 Miscellaneous provisions...CFR part 1404. (e) Violations of highly erodible land and wetland conservation provisions. The provisions of part 12 of...

2013-01-01

248

Constitution, 1989. [Selected provisions].  

PubMed

Chapter XII of the Hungarian Constitution, 1989, details the Fundamental Rights and Duties of Citizens. Everyone lawfully within the territory of Hungary has the right to liberty of movement and the freedom to choose his or her residence, except when restricted by law, including the right to leave his or her residence or county. The Republic of Hungary grants asylum to foreign citizens who were persecuted for racial, religious ethnic, linguistic, or political reasons. Men and women shall equally enjoy all civil, political, economic, social and political rights. Mothers are entitled to special care and protection before and after childbirth; women and juveniles are protected at work by special regulations. Every child has the right to special care an assistance from his or her family, the State, and society, for appropriate physical, spiritual, and moral development. Parents shall decide the kind of education their children receive. Hungary grants equal rights to all person within its territories, without regard to race, color, sex, language, religion, political, or other opinion, national, and social origin, property, birth and other status. Prejudicial discrimination shall be severely punished. Everyone has the right to work, to the free choice of employment and profession and to equal pay for equal work. Citizens have the right to social security, including social services necessary in old age, sickness, disability, widowhood, orphanhood an unemployment through no fault of their own. Hungary guarantees the right to culture for its citizens and realized this right by free and compulsory elementary education, by secondary and higher education which is accessible to all on the basis of capacity, and by the financial support of those receiving an education. PMID:12344373

1989-01-01

249

Social Work Service Practice Guidelines, Number 2: Social Work Case Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Practice Guidelines intended to establish standards for VA Social Work Case Management practitioners; to reinforce a systematic approach to the provision of care; to provide guidance to social workers and VA managers on how social work fits into the healt...

B. S. Bialk

1995-01-01

250

A Study of Trait Anhedonia in Non-Clinical Chinese Samples: Evidence from the Chapman Scales for Physical and Social Anhedonia  

PubMed Central

Background Recent studies suggest that anhedonia, an inability to experience pleasure, can be measured as an enduring trait in non-clinical samples. In order to examine trait anhedonia in a non-clinical sample, we examined the properties of a range of widely used questionnaires capturing anhedonia. Methods 887 young adults were recruited from colleges. All of them were administered a set of checklists, including Chapman Scale for Social Anhedonia (CRSAS) and the Chapman Scale for Physical Anhedonia Scale (CPAS), The Temporal Experience of Pleasure Scale(TEPS), and The Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ). Results Males showed significantly higher level of physical (F?=?5.09, p<0.001) and social (F?=?4.38, p<0.005) anhedonia than females. As expected, individuals with schizotypal personality features also demonstrated significantly higher scores of physical (t?=?3.81, p<0.001) and social (t?=?7.33, p<0.001) trait anhedonia than individuals without SPD features, but no difference on self-report anticipatory and consummatory pleasure experience. Conclusions Concerning the comparison on each item of physical and social anhedonia, the results indicated that individuals with SPD feature exhibited higher than individuals without SPD features on more items of social anhedonia than physical anhedonia scale. These preliminary findings suggested that trait anhedonia can be identified a non-clinical sample. Exploring the demographic and clinical correlates of trait anhedonia in the general population may provide clues to the pathogenesis of psychotic disorder.

Chan, Raymond C. K.; Wang, Yi; Yan, Chao; Zhao, Qing; McGrath, John; Hsi, Xiaolu; Stone, William S.

2012-01-01

251

Ethnicity and the integration and exclusion of young people through urban park and recreation provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following long-term social change in the UK there is a growing political recognition that social and economic disadvantage and exclusion have racial and age-related dimensions. In addressing these issues, much emphasis has been placed on the rhetorical connection between the provision of public leisure facilities and the promotion of social and racial integration. However, while there has been much work

Neil Ravenscroft; Susan Markwell

2000-01-01

252

Fine-scale genetic structure in Ethiopian wolves imposed by sociality, migration, and population bottlenecks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We used demographic, spatial, and microsatellite data to assess fine-scale genetic structure in Ethiopian wolves found in\\u000a the Bale Mountains and evaluated the impact of historical versus recent demographic processes on genetic variation. We applied\\u000a several analytical methods, assuming equilibrium and nonequilibrium conditions, to assess demography and genetic structure.\\u000a Genetic variation (H\\u000a E = 0.584–0.607, allelic richness = 4.2–4.3) was higher than previously reported

Deborah A. RandallJohn; John P. Pollinger; Kifle Argaw; David W. Macdonald; Robert K. Wayne

2010-01-01

253

Social exchange of cigarettes by youth  

PubMed Central

Objective: This study seeks to determine the magnitude, nature, and correlates of social exchange of cigarettes among youth who smoke. Design: Cross sectional survey. Setting: Schools in 29 Minnesota communities. Participants: All students in grades 8, 9, and 10 (ages 13–16 years) in each participating school. The parent/child response rate for the survey was 90%. Analyses included 4124 respondents who smoked at least one cigarette in the month before the survey. Outcome measures: Social exchange scale, consisting of 16 items assessing aspects of social provision and acquisition of cigarettes. Results: Almost 90% of youth in this study had obtained a cigarette from, and about 75% of them had provided cigarettes to, another teen in the prior month. Daily smokers provided to more teens and provided more often than those who smoked less than daily. Daily smokers also reported having more social sources, both teens and adults, than lighter smokers, and were more likely to have both bought from and sold cigarettes to other teens (p < 0.0001 for all comparisons between daily and less than daily smokers). In a multivariate analysis, social exchange was associated with grade, whether siblings and friends smoke, level of smoking, age of smoking initiation, parental influences and community norms about teen smoking, and buying cigarettes. Conclusions: Social provision and acquisition of cigarettes among teens are widespread, reciprocal behaviours. Parental and community expectations about smoking influence social exchange, possibly by providing opportunities or barriers for social smoking. Commercial and social availability are not mutually exclusive; rather social exchange extends the reach of commercial sources.

Forster, J; Chen, V; Blaine, T; Perry, C; Toomey, T

2003-01-01

254

Exploring the relationship between mental health stigma, knowledge and provision of pharmacy services for consumers with schizophrenia.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: Pharmacists' provision of medication counseling and medication review has been shown to improve adherence and resolve drug-related problems. Lack of knowledge of mental health conditions and negative beliefs may act as a barrier to the provision of pharmacy services. It is unclear how pharmacists' knowledge and attitudes impact their provision of pharmacy services. OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationship between pharmacists' level of mental health stigma, mental health literacy and behavioral intentions in relation to providing pharmacy services for consumers with schizophrenia. METHODS: A survey instrument containing a measure of mental health literacy, the 7-item social distance scale, and 16 items relating to the provision of pharmacy services for consumers with schizophrenia compared to cardiovascular disease, was mailed to a random sample of 1000 pharmacists registered with the Pharmacy Board of New South Wales in November 2009. Multiple linear regression models were used to assess the relationship between stigma, knowledge and behavior. RESULTS: Responses were received from 188 pharmacists. Pharmacists were significantly more confident and comfortable to provide services to consumers with a cardiovascular illness than a mental illness. Social distance, ? = -0.11 (95% CI: -0.22, -0.01, P = 0.03), and schizophrenia literacy scores, ? = 1.02, (95% CI: 0.54, 1.50, P < 0.001), were strongly associated with willingness to provide medication counseling. Schizophrenia literacy was also a predictor of identifying drug-related problems, ? = 1.09 (95% CI: 0.39, 1.79, P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Low levels of mental health stigma and high levels of schizophrenia literacy were associated with pharmacists being more willing to provide medication counseling and identify drug-related problems for consumers with schizophrenia. This demonstrates the importance of improving knowledge and stigma surrounding schizophrenia to improve service delivery for consumers taking medications for schizophrenia. PMID:23632161

O'Reilly, Claire L; Bell, J Simon; Kelly, Patrick J; Chen, Timothy F

2013-04-27

255

Regional Prenatal Diagnostic Services: Needs, Provision and Acceptance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project addresses the feasibility of applying clinical genetics on a large scale to reduce the incidence of major birth defects such as Down syndrome and spina bifida, by examining the needs, provision and acceptance of the new prenatal diagnostic ser...

K. J. Roghmann

1986-01-01

256

Physical appearance as a measure of social ranking: the role of a new scale to understand the relationship between weight and dieting.  

PubMed

This study presents the development of a new self-report instrument to assess how an individual perceives himself as social agent within his group having physical appearance as a reference, the Social Comparison through Physical Appearance Scale (SCPAS). This scale adds to the existent measures by assessing the social ranking based on one's physical appearance, and not the tendency to make comparisons of the general physical appearance or specific body parts. Its psychometric characteristics are investigated in a sample of 828 female participants from normal population. Principal components analysis was conducted for each part of the instrument: the Part A: peers shows a 2-factor structure (Attractiveness/Rank and Group Fit) explaining 72.142% of the variance; the Part B: models presents a one-dimensional structure that explains 69.191% of the variance. Findings show very good internal consistency coefficients and test-retest reliability. The two parts of the SCPAS are significantly associated to social comparison and shame measures, to anxiety, depression and stress indicators, and to eating disorders symptomatology. The scale discriminates between a clinical sample of 91 patients with an eating disorder and a non-clinical sample of 102 participants. Regression analyses pointed out that social comparison through physical appearance with peers and models partially mediates the effect of the dissatisfaction with current weight on disordered eating, namely drive for thinness. PMID:21796733

Ferreira, Cláudia; Pinto-Gouveia, José; Duarte, Cristiana

2011-07-27

257

Habilidad social y funcionamiento social en pacientes con esquizofrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relations between Social Skill and Social Functioning were examined in a group of 100 schizophrenic patients. Social skill and Social functioning were assessed with The Simulated Social Interacction Test (SSIT) and the Social Functioning Scale (SFS) respectively. The results indicated that social skills were significantly related to social functioning of patients with schizophrenia. Two dimensions of the Social Functioning

Rosa JIMÉNEZ GARCÍA-BÓVEDA; Servicio Andaluz de Salud; Raquel VÁZQUEZ-MOREJÓN JIMÉNEZ

2004-01-01

258

Assessing Social Validity of School-Wide Positive Behavior Support Plans: Evidence for the Reliability and Structure of the Primary Intervention Rating Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study provides initial evidence for the reliability and structural validity of scores from the Primary Intervention Rating Scale (Lane, Robertson, & Wehby, 2002), an adapted version of the Intervention Rating Profile-15 (Witt & Elliott, 1985) designed to assess faculty's perceptions of social validity of primary prevention plans prior to…

Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Kalberg, Jemma Robertson; Bruhn, Allison Leigh; Driscoll, Steven A.; Wehby, Joseph H.; Elliott, Stephen N.

2009-01-01

259

The Management of Social and Economic Impacts Associated with the Construction of Large-Scale Projects: Experiences from the Western Coal Development Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Large-scale energy or resource development projects in rural areas cause environmental, social, and economic changes in the community. The negative aspects of these impacts can be mitigated and the positive aspects enhanced, through the use of effective impact management strategies by local and state governments (together and separately), the…

Greene, Marjorie R.; Curry, Martha G.

260

Assessing Social Validity of School-Wide Positive Behavior Support Plans: Evidence for the Reliability and Structure of the Primary Intervention Rating Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides initial evidence for the reliability and structural validity of scores from the Primary Intervention Rating Scale (Lane, Robertson, & Wehby, 2002), an adapted version of the Intervention Rating Profile-15 (Witt & Elliott, 1985) designed to assess faculty's perceptions of social validity of primary prevention plans prior to…

Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Kalberg, Jemma Robertson; Bruhn, Allison Leigh; Driscoll, Steven A.; Wehby, Joseph H.; Elliott, Stephen N.

2009-01-01

261

The Hispanic Women's Social Stressor Scale: Understanding the Multiple Social Stressors of U.S.- and Mexico-Born Hispanic Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Measurement of social stressors among Hispanic women is a growing and important area of study, particularly in terms of understanding explanatory mechanisms for health disparities. This study involved adaptation of the Hispanic Stress Inventory and the Latin American Stress Inventory to create a measure of social stressors specifically for both…

Goodkind, Jessica R.; Gonzales, Melissa; Malcoe, Lorraine H.; Espinosa, Judith

2008-01-01

262

Brief Report: Adaptation of the Italian Version of the Tromso Social Intelligence Scale to the Adolescent Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Social intelligence is a construct that has shown promising practical applications, but its use in research and applied settings has been limited by definitional problems and the complexity of most existing measures of social intelligence. The goal of the present study was to adapt the Italian version [Gini & Iotti (2004) "La Tromso Social

Gini, Gianluca

2006-01-01

263

Assuring Quality in Collaborative Provision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin is intended to help British further education colleges clarify their rationale for entering into collaborative programs, assess prospective partners, define and implement good practice at all stages of provision, and establish rigorous quality assurance procedures. Following an introduction, Further Education Funding Council…

Bocock, Jean; Edwards, Judith

1998-01-01

264

The Child Care and Development Block Grant and Child Care Grants to States under Title IV-A of the Social Security Act: A Description of Major Provisions and Issues To Consider in Implementation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) and Grants to States under Title IV-A of the Social Security Act for At-Risk Child Care are two recently passed federal child care bills. These bills offer states a unique opportunity to review the ways state and federal child care and early childhood programs work together to support children and…

Blank, Helen

265

SOCIAL SECURITY NETS FOR MARINE FISHERIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Social Security is achieved when,deprivation or vulnerability is reduced or removed as a result of using social means, thereby, in the process, making lives and livelihoods more secure. However, provision ofsuch,social security measures ,is influenced by various ,supply and demand,factors. This paper attempts to explain the provision of social security in the fisheries sector of Kerala State in south

John Kurien; Antonyto Paul

2001-01-01

266

The Portuguese version of the Personal and Social Performance Scale (PSP): reliability, validity, and relationship with cognitive measures in hospitalized and community schizophrenia patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  Deficits in social functioning are a core feature of schizophrenia and are influenced by both symptomatic and neurocognitive\\u000a variables. In the present study we aimed to determine the reliability and validity of the Portuguese version of the Personal\\u000a and Social Performance (PSP) scale, and possible correlations with measures of cognitive functioning.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  One-hundred and four community and inpatients with schizophrenia were

Sofia Brissos; Filipa Palhavã; João Gama Marques; Susana Mexia; Ana Lisa Carmo; Manuel Carvalho; Cátia Dias; João Data Franco; Rita Mendes; Pedro Zuzarte; Ana Isabel Carita; Andrew Molodynski; Maria Luisa Figueira

267

29 CFR 780.400 - Statutory provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT Employment in Agriculture or Irrigation That...provisions. Section 13(b)(12) of the Fair Labor Standards Act exempts from the overtime provisions...

2013-07-01

268

29 CFR 780.701 - Statutory provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT Employment by Small Country Elevators Within...Statutory provision. Section 13(b)(14) of the Fair Labor Standards Act exempts from the overtime provisions of...

2013-07-01

269

12 CFR 1807.905 - Criminal provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 1807.905 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Terms and Conditions of Assistance § 1807.905 Criminal provisions. The criminal provisions of 18...

2013-01-01

270

7 CFR 1131.1 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE ARIZONA MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling General Provisions § 1131.1 General provisions. The terms,...

2012-01-01

271

43 CFR 402.23 - Special provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Small Tracts; Public and Acquired Lands; Gila Project, Arizona § 402.23 Special provisions. (a) After disposition...1) subject to the provisions of the laws of the State of Arizona relating to the organization, government, and...

2011-10-01

272

7 CFR 1131.1 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MILK), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE ARIZONA MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling General Provisions § 1131.1 General provisions. The terms,...

2013-01-01

273

40 CFR 1065.905 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...provision can be verified by engineering analysis. This provision does not apply for non-flow-through media. (ii) For inertial PM balances, there is no requirement to control the stabilization environment temperature or dewpoint. (3) Use...

2013-07-01

274

40 CFR 65.47 - Recordkeeping provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Environment 15 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Recordkeeping provisions. 65.47 Section 65.47 Protection of...CONSOLIDATED FEDERAL AIR RULE Storage Vessels § 65.47 Recordkeeping provisions. (a) Retention time. Each...

2011-07-01

275

48 CFR 11.107 - Solicitation provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Requirements Documents 11.107 Solicitation provision. (a) Insert the provision at 52.211-6, Brand Name or Equal, when brand name or equal purchase descriptions are included in a solicitation. (b) Insert the...

2011-10-01

276

7 CFR 1006.1 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE FLORIDA MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling General Provisions § 1006.1 General provisions. The terms,...

2012-01-01

277

7 CFR 4280.313 - Grant provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Grant provisions. 4280.313 Section 4280...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS AND GRANTS Rural Microentrepreneur Assistance Program § 4280.313 Grant provisions. (a) General. The...

2013-01-01

278

40 CFR 91.203 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...banking, and trading provisions for hydrocarbon plus oxides of nitrogen emissions from eligible marine SI engines are described in...banking and trading provisions for hydrocarbon plus oxides of nitrogen emissions if it is subject to regulation under subpart B...

2012-07-01

279

36 CFR 1210.48 - Contract provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Contract provisions. 1210.48 Section 1210.48 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL...Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 1210.48 Contract provisions. The recipient...

2011-07-01

280

40 CFR 192.41 - Provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...element thorium; (b) Provisions applicable to radon-222 shall also apply to radon-220; and (c) Provisions applicable to radium-226...the planned discharge of radioactive materials, radon-220 and its daughters excepted, to the...

2011-07-01

281

40 CFR 141.76 - Recycle provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Recycle provisions. 141.76 Section 141...Filtration and Disinfection § 141.76 Recycle provisions. (a) Applicability...or direct filtration treatment and that recycle spent filter backwash water,...

2010-07-01

282

40 CFR 141.76 - Recycle provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and Disinfection] [Sec. 141.76 - Recycle provisions.] 40 PROTECTION OF ENVIRONMENT...Filtration and Disinfection Sec. 141.76 Recycle provisions. (a) Applicability. All...or direct filtration treatment and that recycle spent filter backwash water,...

2009-07-01

283

40 CFR 141.76 - Recycle provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Recycle provisions. 141.76 Section 141...Filtration and Disinfection § 141.76 Recycle provisions. (a) Applicability...or direct filtration treatment and that recycle spent filter backwash water,...

2012-07-01

284

50 CFR 648.237 - Framework provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Framework provisions. 648...Fishery § 648.237 Framework provisions. (a...conduct scientific research, or for other purposes...composition and process; description and identification of...non-concurrence. (iv) Framework actions can be...

2010-10-01

285

50 CFR 648.237 - Framework provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Framework provisions. 648...Fishery § 648.237 Framework provisions. (a...conduct scientific research, or for other purposes...composition and process; description and identification of...non-concurrence. (iv) Framework actions can be...

2009-10-01

286

48 CFR 217.7601 - Provisioning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...contracts with provisioning requirements. (b) For technical requirements of provisioning, see DoD 4140.1-R, DoD Supply Chain Materiel Management Regulation, Chapter 2, Section C2.2. [71 FR 27643, May 12,...

2012-10-01

287

48 CFR 217.7601 - Provisioning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...contracts with provisioning requirements. (b) For technical requirements of provisioning, see DoD 4140.1-R, DoD Supply Chain Materiel Management Regulation, Chapter 2, Section C2.2. [71 FR 27643, May 12,...

2009-10-01

288

48 CFR 217.7601 - Provisioning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...contracts with provisioning requirements. (b) For technical requirements of provisioning, see DoD 4140.1-R, DoD Supply Chain Materiel Management Regulation, Chapter 2, Section C2.2. [71 FR 27643, May 12,...

2010-10-01

289

50 CFR 90.11 - Statutory provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS FEEDING DEPREDATING MIGRATORY WATERFOWL Use of Surplus Grain § 90.11 Statutory provisions. Section 1 of the Act of July 3, 1956, as amended (70 Stat. 492; 7...

2012-10-01

290

50 CFR 90.11 - Statutory provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS FEEDING DEPREDATING MIGRATORY WATERFOWL Use of Surplus Grain § 90.11 Statutory provisions. Section 1 of the Act of July 3, 1956, as amended (70 Stat. 492; 7...

2011-10-01

291

50 CFR 71.2 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MANAGEMENT OF FISHERIES CONSERVATION AREAS HUNTING AND FISHING ON NATIONAL FISH HATCHERY AREAS Hunting § 71.2 General provisions. The following provisions shall apply to public hunting on a national fish hatchery area:...

2011-10-01

292

50 CFR 71.2 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MANAGEMENT OF FISHERIES CONSERVATION AREAS HUNTING AND FISHING ON NATIONAL FISH HATCHERY AREAS Hunting § 71.2 General provisions. The following provisions shall apply to public hunting on a national fish hatchery area:...

2012-10-01

293

9 CFR 93.916 - Special provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...IMPORTATION OF CERTAIN ANIMALS, BIRDS, FISH, AND POULTRY, AND CERTAIN ANIMAL... General Provisions for Vhs-Regulated Fish Species § 93.916 Special provisions. (a) Slaughter. Live VHS-regulated fish from VHS-regulated regions may be...

2013-01-01

294

12 CFR 1805.809 - Criminal provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...PROGRAM Terms and Conditions of Assistance § 1805.809 Criminal provisions. The criminal provisions of 18 U.S.C. 657 regarding embezzlement or misappropriation of funds is applicable to all Awardees and...

2012-01-01

295

48 CFR 26.304 - Solicitation provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...OTHER SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Minority Institutions 26.304 Solicitation provision...the provision at 52.226-2, Historically Black College or University and Minority Institution Representation, in...

2011-10-01

296

48 CFR 26.304 - Solicitation provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...OTHER SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Minority Institutions 26.304 Solicitation provision...the provision at 52.226-2, Historically Black College or University and Minority Institution Representation, in...

2012-10-01

297

12 CFR 1807.905 - Criminal provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 1807.905 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Terms and Conditions of Assistance § 1807.905 Criminal provisions. The criminal provisions of 18...

2012-01-01

298

5 CFR 831.1905 - Additional provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Additional provisions. 831.1905 Section 831.1905 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT...RETIREMENT State Income Tax Withholding § 831.1905 Additional provisions. These additional...

2013-01-01

299

48 CFR 7.203 - Solicitation provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ACQUISITION PLANNING Planning for the Purchase of Supplies in Economic Quantities 7.203 Solicitation provision. Contracting officers shall insert the provision at 52.207-4, Economic Purchase QuantityâSupplies, in...

2011-10-01

300

50 CFR 27.41 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Disturbing Violations: With Weapons § 27.41 General provisions. Carrying, possessing, or discharging firearms, fireworks, or explosives on national wildlife refuges is prohibited unless specifically authorized under the provisions of this...

2012-10-01

301

50 CFR 27.41 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Disturbing Violations: With Weapons § 27.41 General provisions. Carrying, possessing, or discharging firearms, fireworks, or explosives on national wildlife refuges is prohibited unless specifically authorized under the provisions of this...

2011-10-01

302

Constraints upon food provisioning practices in 'busy' women's lives: trade-offs which demand convenience.  

PubMed

The present research explores food provisioning practices within women's lives. By drawing upon French social scientist Pierre Bourdieu's notions of habitus, cultural capital and field, a conceptual framework of the complex process leading to food provisioning practices is developed and investigated. To this end, repeated semi-structured interviews, participant observation, diaries and media analyses were conducted over a 3-month period with 11 women residing in Auckland (New Zealand), who were largely responsible for household food provisioning. The findings set the scene for challenging the notion of free choice. We argue that food provisioning practices are shaped by a process of trade-off between preferred practices and the constraints operating at a given point of time, resulting in practices which demand convenience in food provisioning to minimize time and cognitive effort. PMID:18031867

Bava, Christina M; Jaeger, Sara R; Park, Julie

2007-10-24

303

Network Effects, Software Provision, and Standardization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the authors examine the software provision decision of software firms. The provision decision by software firms determines the value and, hence, the market share of competing hardware technologies. The authors show how the provision decision by software firms determines whether multiple hardware technologies are supported in equilibrium or whether there is de facto standardization, with only one

Jeffrey Church; Neil Gandal

1992-01-01

304

Measuring social functioning with the personal and social performance scale in patients with acute symptoms of schizophrenia: Interpretation of results of a pooled analysis of three Phase III trials of paliperidone extended-release tablets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The safety and efficacy of paliperidone extended-release tablets (paliperidone ER) in patients with acute symptoms of schizophrenia have been described in 3 randomized, double-blind, 6-week, placebo-controlled, fixed-dose, Phase III clinical trials. The validity and reliability of the Personal and Social Performance (PSP) scale, both in patients with acute symptoms of schizophrenia and those with stabilized symptoms, have also been

Donald L. Patrick; Tom Burns; Pierluigi Morosini; Dennis D. Gagnon; Margaret Rothman; Ines Adriaenssen

2010-01-01

305

Leo Szilard Lectureship Award Talk - Universal Scaling Laws from Cells to Cities; A Physicist's Search for Quantitative, Unified Theories of Biological and Social Structure and Dynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many of the most challenging, exciting and profound questions facing science and society, from the origins of life to global sustainability, fall under the banner of ``complex adaptive systems.'' This talk explores how scaling can be used to begin to develop physics-inspired quantitative, predictive, coarse-grained theories for understanding their structure, dynamics and organization based on underlying mathematisable principles. Remarkably, most physiological, organisational and life history phenomena in biology and socio-economic systems scale in a simple and ``universal'' fashion: metabolic rate scales approximately as the 3/4-power of mass over 27 orders of magnitude from complex molecules to the largest organisms. Time-scales (such as lifespans and growth-rates) and sizes (such as genome lengths and RNA densities) scale with exponents which are typically simple multiples of 1/4, suggesting that fundamental constraints underlie much of the generic structure and dynamics of living systems. These scaling laws follow from dynamical and geometrical properties of space-filling, fractal-like, hierarchical branching networks, presumed optimised by natural selection. This leads to a general framework that potentially captures essential features of diverse systems including vasculature, ontogenetic growth, cancer, aging and mortality, sleep, cell size, and DNA nucleotide substitution rates. Cities and companies also scale: wages, profits, patents, crime, disease, pollution, road lengths scale similarly across the globe, reflecting underlying universal social network dynamics which point to general principles of organization transcending their individuality. These have dramatic implications for global sustainability: innovation and wealth creation that fuel social systems, left unchecked, potentially sow the seeds for their inevitable collapse.

West, Geoffrey

2013-04-01

306

TREATMENT Validation of a Scale for Rating the Delivery of PsychoSocial Treatments for Alcohol Dependence and Misuse: The UKATT Process Rating Scale (PRS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the development and validation of the UK Alcohol Treatment Trial Process Rating Scale (UKATT PRS), a manual based method for monitoring and rating the delivery of psychosocial treatments of alcohol dependence and misuse. Methods: Following adaptation and further development of a validated rating scale, the ability of the UKATT PRS to

Gillian Tober; Wendy Clyne; Olwyn Finnegan; Amanda Farrin; Ian Russell

307

Social and custodial needs of older adults in prison.  

PubMed

Background: older prisoners are a fast-growing group but there is limited evidence for how well their needs are being met. Objectives: to quantify the social and custodial needs of older prisoners and suggest improvements for service provision. Design: cross-sectional study. Setting: twelve prisons holding adult males in North West England. Subjects: two hundred and sixty-two prisoners; 97 aged between 50 and 59, 165 aged 60 and over. Methods: interview and case-note review for issues of social and custodial need and quality of life in prison, including Forensic Camberwell Assessment of Need and Lubben Scale for social networks. Results: many had problems mixing with younger prisoners, accommodation and activities, and limited contact with friends and family. A small group had personal care needs which were not well managed in prison. Conclusion: older prisoners have distinct social and custodial needs which need to be addressed by a national strategy for their care and management. PMID:23793783

Hayes, Adrian J; Burns, Alistair; Turnbull, Pauline; Shaw, Jenny J

2013-06-21

308

Management of social and economic impacts associated with the construction of large-scale projects: experiences from the Western coal development communities  

SciTech Connect

The construction and operation of large-scale energy or resource development projects are accompanied by environmental, social, and economic changes or impacts. Impact assessment is the key tool used to determine which impact areas will most severely affect the community and will thus need to be managed. Impact management, only recently recognized as part of the assessment process, includes public and private actions to ameliorate impacts. The use of available impact management strategies can affect the outcome or change in the social and economic environment in a community. Therefore, an inventory of available strategies and the capabilities of local governments to use such strategies should be an integral part of any social and economic impact assessment. This provides a link between impact assessment and management. This report provides an introductory analysis to some of the more complex issues raised by social and economic impact management, with experiences cited from Western coal-development communities. Following an introduction, the paper is divided into sections corresponding to the major social and economic impacts experienced by rural communities surrounding an energy development. Each section contains a brief introductory description of the types of problems typically associated with the impact sector, and a discussion of management strategies either proposed or implemented for the impact. The management strategies are presented in tabular form, indicating the level of government responsible for implementation. 10 tables, 72 references. (MCW)

Greene, M.R.; Curry, M.G.

1977-06-01

309

Social work in a multicultural context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social work practice and education are a reflection of the historical, social, economic and political context of the society the profession seeks to serve. This paper is a discussion of recent developments in multicultural Singapore in social service provisions for the elderly, the family and those with very low income, and the involvement of the social work discipline. The emphasis

Rosaleen Ow

1999-01-01

310

Brief report: excellent agreement between two brief autism scales (Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder and Social Responsiveness Scale) completed independently by parents and the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised.  

PubMed

Agreement between the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) and two brief scales completed by parents was 93.1% for the Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder (CASD) and 89.7% for the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) in a sample of adolescents with suspected autism spectrum disorders. Our study is consistent with others showing that brief scales like the CASD and SRS have strong psychometric support and compare favorably with the ADI-R. The CASD and SRS are each completed and scored in 15 min, whereas the ADI-R takes over 2 h to administer and score. The CASD and SRS offer a valid and cost effective alternative to lengthy and expensive measures and, by virtue of their brevity and simplicity, could facilitate diagnosis, access to treatment, and research. PMID:21301946

Murray, Michael J; Mayes, Susan Dickerson; Smith, Laura A

2011-11-01

311

12 CFR 714.8 - Are the early payment provisions, or interest rate provisions, applicable in leasing arrangements?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 7 2013-01-01...early payment provisions, or interest rate provisions, applicable...8 Section 714.8 Banks and Banking NATIONAL...early payment provisions, or interest rate provisions,...

2013-01-01

312

Progressive Provisioning by the Females of the Earwig, Anisolabis maritima, Increases the Survival Rate of the Young  

PubMed Central

Provisioning the young is an important form of insect parental care and is believed to improve the survival and growth of the young. Anisolabis maritima Bonelli (Dermaptera: Anisolabididae) is a cosmopolitan species of earwig that shows sub-social behavior in which the females tend clutches of eggs in soil burrows. The defensive and provisioning behaviors of these females were examined in this study. When disturbed, maternal individuals abandoned the nest less than non-maternal individuals. Females brought food to the nest after their eggs hatched, and the survival of the nymphs was increased by provisioning. Even when mothers were removed, providing food to the nymphs increased survival as well as when the nymphs were provisioned by the mother. These results show that A. maritima mothers provision the nymphs and that this provisioning improves their survival.

Suzuki, Seizi

2010-01-01

313

Development and psychometric properties of a new social support scale for self-care in middle-aged patients with type II diabetes (S4-MAD)  

PubMed Central

Background Social support has proved to be one of the most effective factors on the success of diabetic self-care. This study aimed to develop a scale for evaluating social support for self-care in middle-aged patients (30–60 years old) with type II diabetes. Methods This was a two-phase qualitative and quantitative study. The study was conducted during 2009 to 2011 in Tehran, Iran. In the qualitative part, a sample of diabetic patients participated in four focus group discussions in order to develop a preliminary item pool. Consequently, content and face validity were performed to provide a pre-final version of the questionnaire. Then, in a quantitative study, reliability (internal consistency and test-retest analysis), validity and factor analysis (both exploratory and confirmatory) were performed to assess psychometric properties of the scale. Results A 38-item questionnaire was developed through the qualitative phase. It was reduced to a 33-item after content validity. Exploratory factor analysis loaded a 30-item with a five-factor solution (nutrition, physical activity, self monitoring of blood glucose, foot care and smoking) that jointly accounted for 72.3% of observed variance. The confirmatory factor analysis indicated a good fit to the data. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient showed excellent internal consistency (alpha=0.94), and test-retest of the scale with 2-weeks intervals indicated an appropriate stability for the scale (ICC=0.87). Conclusion The findings showed that the designed questionnaire was a valid and reliable instrument for measuring social support for self-care in middle-aged patients with type II diabetes. It is an easy to use questionnaire and contains the most significant diabetes related behaviors that need continuous support for self-care.

2012-01-01

314

Comparison of early socialization practices used for litters of small-scale registered dog breeders and nonregistered dog breeders.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE-To compare early socialization practices between litters of breeders registered with the Canine Control Council (CCC) and litters of nonregistered breeders advertising puppies for sale in a local newspaper. DESIGN-Retrospective cohort study. Animals-80 litters of purebred and mixed-breed dogs from registered (n = 40) and non-registered (40) breeders. PROCEDURES-Registered breeders were randomly selected from the CCC website, and nonregistered breeders were randomly selected from a weekly advertising newspaper. The litter sold most recently by each breeder was then enrolled in the study. Information pertaining to socialization practices for each litter was obtained through a questionnaire administered over the telephone. RESULTS-Registered breeders generally had more breeding bitches and had more litters than did nonregistered breeders. Litters of registered breeders were more likely to have been socialized with adult dogs, people of different appearances, and various environmental stimuli, compared with litters of nonregistered breeders. Litters from registered breeders were also much less likely to have been the result of an unplanned pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE-Among those breeders represented, litters of registered breeders received more socialization experience, compared with litters of nonregistered breeders. People purchasing puppies from nonregistered breeders should focus on socializing their puppies between the time of purchase and 14 weeks of age. Additional research is required to determine whether puppies from nonregistered breeders are at increased risk of behavioral problems and are therefore more likely to be relinquished to animal shelters or euthanized, relative to puppies from registered breeders. PMID:21985351

Korbelik, Juraj; Rand, Jacquie S; Morton, John M

2011-10-15

315

Optimal cutoff point of the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression according to normal levels of social and occupational functioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main goal in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) is to achieve remission, defined as the resolution of symptoms and the return to normal levels of functionality. However, the clinical assessment of remission is usually merely based on scores of symptomatic rating scales. One of the most widely used scales to measure remission is the HAM-D17, in which

Irene Romera; Víctor Pérez; José Manuel Menchón; Pepa Polavieja; Inmaculada Gilaberte

2011-01-01

316

Small scale sanitation technologies.  

PubMed

Small scale systems can improve the sustainability of sanitation systems as they more easily close the water and nutrient loops. They also provide alternate solutions to centrally managed large scale infrastructures. Appropriate sanitation provision can improve the lives of people with inadequate sanitation through health benefits, reuse products as well as reduce ecological impacts. In the literature there seems to be no compilation of a wide range of available onsite sanitation systems around the world that encompasses black and greywater treatment plus stand-alone dry and urine separation toilet systems. Seventy technologies have been identified and classified according to the different waste source streams. Sub-classification based on major treatment methods included aerobic digestion, composting and vermicomposting, anaerobic digestion, sand/soil/peat filtration and constructed wetlands. Potential users or suppliers of sanitation systems can choose from wide range of technologies available and examine the different treatment principles used in the technologies. Sanitation systems need to be selected according to the local social, economic and environmental conditions and should aim to be sustainable. PMID:16104403

Green, W; Ho, G

2005-01-01

317

Developing a scale to assess three styles of television mediation: “Instructive mediation,” “restrictive mediation,” and “social coviewing”  

Microsoft Academic Search

Telephone interviews from a random sample of Dutch parents (N = 123 for the pilot study, N = 519 for the main study), provided an opportunity to explore television mediation activities in which parents could engage. From principal components analysis, three reliable styles of television mediation emerged: restrictive mediation, instructive mediation, and social coviewing. In addition to a number of

Patti M. Valkenburg; Marina Krcmar; Allerd L. Peeters; Nies M. Marseille

1999-01-01

318

Debates on International Agencies SCALING UP GLOBAL SOCIAL HEALTH PROTECTION: PREREQUISITE REFORMS TO THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND  

Microsoft Academic Search

People living in low-income countries require protection from the economic and social impacts of global economic competition, yet, historically, the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) fiscal austerity programs have weakened the potential for redistribution both within poor countries and between rich and poor countries. The current development paradigm's focus on \\

Gorik Ooms; Rachel Hammonds

319

A Thermodynamic Theory for Dense Silicate Liquids That Includes Explicit Provision for Variation in Composition and Fluid Structure, Derived From the Rosenfeld-Tarazona Potential Energy-Temperature Scaling Law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rosenfeld and Tarazona (1998, Molecular Physics 95:141) derive an expression from a fundamental- measure energy functional for hard spheres and thermodynamic perturbation theory for the scaling of the potential energy (U) on temperature (T) in a dense classical liquid: U = a + bT3/5, where a and b are functions of volume (V). From this expression we have formulated a general theory of the thermodynamic properties of dense liquids, and have applied this theory successfully to both polymerized and depolymerized silicate melts over the temperature range 2000-6000 K and at pressures (P) up to 130 GPa, using data from molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of molten MgSiO3, Mg2SiO4, CaMgSi2O6, and CaAl2Si2O8. In this work we extend the thermodynamic treatment to account for the compositional variability of multicomponent liquids and to deal with the mixing of melt species characterized by both composition and distinct cation-oxygen coordination number (CO-CN). We posit that the relation V = ? Vi Xi holds, where Xi is the mole fraction of an endmember component with a particular CO-CN and Vi is the volume of that species; note that Vi is only a function of T and P, and that the posited relation embodies the concept of ideal volume-mixing of melt species. In combination with Rosenfeld-Tarazona theory, a self-consistent formalism for the solution thermodynamics is obtained, and in particular the equilibrium distribution of species of fixed stoichiometry but variable CO-CN is determined from the condition of homogeneous equilibrium. The resulting thermodynamic model must be calibrated from data documenting both the variation in macroscopic properties (U, V) as well as structural characteristics (CO-CN) of liquids as a function of T and P. We demonstrate application of the theory to a set of MD simulation data on MgSiO3 liquid. Unique measures of structural variation are explored for this and other MD data sets to ascertain an optimal set of endmember species that should be adopted to formulate a comprehensive model for multicomponent systems.

Ghiorso, M. S.; Cutler, I.; Creamer, J. B.; Nevins, D.; Martin, G. B.; Spera, F. J.

2008-12-01

320

Economics 681b: Social Insurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an introduction to the economic analysis of Social Insurance. It will not be possible to provide an in depth treatment of all aspects of this complex subject in a single semester. In particular, we will deal only tangentially with a very important aspect of social insurance -- health care. A full treatment of issues connected with public provision

John Rust

321

40 CFR 65.87 - Recordkeeping provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Environment 15 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Recordkeeping provisions. 65.87 Section 65.87 Protection of...CONSOLIDATED FEDERAL AIR RULE Transfer Racks § 65.87 Recordkeeping provisions. The owner or operator of a transfer rack...

2011-07-01

322

Criticality evaluation for spare parts initial provisioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the experience of operations and support, the demands for spare parts are usually uncertain and excess stocking is expensive. The provisioning of spare parts frequently experiences variations over a system's life cycle. The provision of insufficient critical items results in costly system downtime. However, the excess of stock can also be costly. The purpose of this paper is

Sang-Chin Yang; Zhong-wei Du

2004-01-01

323

Government Organization and Public Goods Provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the impact of budget competition on public goods provision by Min- istries where individual preferences are private information. The government is composed by two Ministries, each Ministry being an inequality-averse utilitarian planner which pro- vides one public good. Public goods provision and tax schedules are decentralized at the Ministry level. Taxes are collected by the government and

Pierre Boyery

324

Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) maintenance provisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) was designed with maintainability as a primary parameter, and facilities and provisions were designed into the plant to accommodate the maintenance function. This paper describes the FFTF and its systems. Special maintenance equipment and facilities for performing maintenance on radioactive components are discussed. Maintenance provisions designed into the plant to enhance maintainability are also

1981-01-01

325

Bilateral Social Security Instruments Concluded between European Socialist Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a review of existing bilateral treaties, conventions, and agreements in the field of social policy concluded between European socialist countries. It summarizes their basic principles, their social security provisions (old-age benefit, employment injury benefits, cash benefits for sickness and maternity), and the provisions concerning…

Popescu, Andrei

1982-01-01

326

Integration of the biophysical and social sciences using an indicator approach: Addressing water problems at different scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

To be operationally sustainable, any system of environmental management needs to be based on a truly holistic assessment of\\u000a all of the relevant factors influencing it. This is of course a daunting task, demanding as it does detailed and reliable\\u000a data, not only from both the physical and social sciences, but also incorporating some representation of that part of knowledge

Caroline A. Sullivan; Jeremy R Meigh

2007-01-01

327

Expanding the lens of HIV services provision in Canada: results of a national survey of HIV health professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Those living with HIV may experience a range of disabilities, including body impairments, activity limitations, and social participation restrictions. The aim of this study was to examine HIV services provision in Canada by exploring practices, referrals, and service delivery challenges from the perspective of HIV health professionals (including nurses, physicians, social workers, pharmacists, psychologists, and dieticians), and to explore differences

Catherine Worthington; Kelly OBrien; Ted Myers; Stephanie Nixon; Rhonda Cockerill

2009-01-01

328

An application of the Theory of Planned Behavior to support provision communication behaviors across cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

To understand more about variations in social support across cultures, the current study applies the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to three support provision behaviors of talking about emotions, giving advice, and distracting attention in the U.S. and China. Guided by the TPB, structural models of talking about emotions, giving advice, and distracting attention were built. The study (a) assesses

Hairong Feng

2007-01-01

329

77 FR 67973 - Magnuson-Stevens Act Provisions; Fisheries Off West Coast States; Pacific Coast Groundfish...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...another species), the choice of canary rockfish and...the ``rebuilding paradox'' (the fishing interaction...contributes to the local social fabric, culture...another species), the choice of canary rockfish and...carryover provision is the choice of the vessel...

2012-11-14

330

The Role of Non-verbal Communication in Service Provision and Representation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A social interaction perspective is presented in order to conceptualise the processes of service provision and representation and the ‘consumer’ evaluations thereof. The role of kinesic behaviour is then explored and an experiment demonstrating these effects on service representation evaluation is reported. High levels of gaze and body movement are found to influence ‘consumers' to act as proposed as well

M. S. Sommers; D. W. Greeno; D. Boag

1989-01-01

331

Advance Network Reservation and Provisioning for Science  

SciTech Connect

We are witnessing a new era that offers new opportunities to conduct scientific research with the help of recent advancements in computational and storage technologies. Computational intensive science spans multiple scientific domains, such as particle physics, climate modeling, and bio-informatics simulations. These large-scale applications necessitate collaborators to access very large data sets resulting from simulations performed in geographically distributed institutions. Furthermore, often scientific experimental facilities generate massive data sets that need to be transferred to validate the simulation data in remote collaborating sites. A major component needed to support these needs is the communication infrastructure which enables high performance visualization, large volume data analysis, and also provides access to computational resources. In order to provide high-speed on-demand data access between collaborating institutions, national governments support next generation research networks such as Internet 2 and ESnet (Energy Sciences Network). Delivering network-as-a-service that provides predictable performance, efficient resource utilization and better coordination between compute and storage resources is highly desirable. In this paper, we study network provisioning and advanced bandwidth reservation in ESnet for on-demand high performance data transfers. We present a novel approach for path finding in time-dependent transport networks with bandwidth guarantees. We plan to improve the current ESnet advance network reservation system, OSCARS [3], by presenting to the clients, the possible reservation options and alternatives for earliest completion time and shortest transfer duration. The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) provides high bandwidth connections between research laboratories and academic institutions for data sharing and video/voice communication. The ESnet On-Demand Secure Circuits and Advance Reservation System (OSCARS) establishes guaranteed bandwidth of secure virtual circuits at a certain time, for a certain bandwidth and length of time. Though OSCARS operates within the ESnet, it also supplies end-to-end provisioning between multiple autonomous network domains. OSCARS gets reservation requests through a standard web service interface, and conducts a Quality-of-service (QoS) path for bandwidth guarantees. Multi-protocol Label Switching (MPLS) and the Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP) enable to create a virtual circuit using Label Switched Paths (LSP's). It contains three main components: a reservation manager, a bandwidth scheduler, and a path setup subsystem. The bandwidth scheduler needs to have information about the current and future states of the network topology in order to accomplish end-to-end bandwidth guaranteed paths.

Balman, Mehmet; Chaniotakis, Evangelos; Shoshani, Arie; Sim, Alex

2009-07-10

332

Social work education from a lesbian standpoint  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study looks at social work education from the standpoint of lesbian students and faculty. The literature indicates that many social workers manifest signs of homophobia, and that this affects the provision of services to gay and lesbian clients. The purpose of this study is to explore how issues of same-gender sexual orientation are addressed in schools of social work

Robin Hjordis Stevenson

1995-01-01

333

District Policy and Teachers’ Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Policy makers increasingly include provisions aimed at fostering professional community as part of reform initiatives. Yet little is known about the impact of policy on teachers’ professional relations in schools. Drawing theoretically from social capital theory and methodologically from qualitative social network analysis, this article explores how district policies influence teachers’ social networks in eight elementary schools in two districts

Cynthia E. Coburn; Jennifer Lin Russell

2008-01-01

334

7 CFR 226.18 - Day care home provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 4 2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Day care home provisions. 226.18 Section 226...PROGRAM Operational Provisions § 226.18 Day care home provisions. (a) Day care homes shall have current Federal, State...

2009-01-01

335

7 CFR 457.109 - Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions. 457.109...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.109 Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions. The Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions for...

2013-01-01

336

7 CFR 457.136 - Tobacco crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Tobacco crop insurance provisions. 457.136 ...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.136 Tobacco crop insurance provisions. The Tobacco Crop Insurance Provisions for the 2010...

2013-01-01

337

7 CFR 457.155 - Processing bean crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Processing bean crop insurance provisions. 457.155 Section...INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.155 Processing bean crop insurance provisions. The Processing Bean Crop Insurance Provisions for the 1998...

2009-01-01

338

7 CFR 457.155 - Processing bean crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Processing bean crop insurance provisions. 457.155 Section...INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.155 Processing bean crop insurance provisions. The Processing Bean Crop Insurance Provisions for the 1998...

2010-01-01

339

29 CFR 789.1 - Statutory provisions and legislative history.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Statutory provisions and legislative history. 789.1 Section 789.1 Labor... Statutory provisions and legislative history. Section 12(a) of the Act...most important portion of the legislative history of those provisions in sections...

2013-07-01

340

7 CFR 457.104 - Cotton crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Cotton crop insurance provisions. 457.104 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.104 Cotton crop insurance provisions. The cotton crop insurance provisions for the 2011...

2013-01-01

341

50 CFR 20.2 - Relation to other provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) MIGRATORY BIRD HUNTING Introduction § 20.2 Relation to other provisions. (a) Migratory bird permits. The provisions of this part...of this subchapter. (b) Migratory bird hunting stamps. The provisions of...

2012-10-01

342

50 CFR 20.2 - Relation to other provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) MIGRATORY BIRD HUNTING Introduction § 20.2 Relation to other provisions. (a) Migratory bird permits. The provisions of this part...of this subchapter. (b) Migratory bird hunting stamps. The provisions of...

2011-10-01

343

7 CFR 457.108 - Sunflower seed crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Sunflower seed crop insurance provisions. 457...CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.108 Sunflower seed crop insurance provisions. The sunflower seed crop insurance provisions for...

2009-01-01

344

7 CFR 457.108 - Sunflower seed crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sunflower seed crop insurance provisions. 457...CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.108 Sunflower seed crop insurance provisions. The sunflower seed crop insurance provisions for...

2010-01-01

345

7 CFR 457.149 - Table grape crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Table grape crop insurance provisions. 457.149...CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.149 Table grape crop insurance provisions. The Table Grape Crop Insurance Provisions for the 2001...

2009-01-01

346

7 CFR 457.165 - Millet crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Millet crop insurance provisions. 457.165 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.165 Millet crop insurance provisions. The millet crop insurance provisions for the 2008...

2010-01-01

347

7 CFR 457.165 - Millet crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Millet crop insurance provisions. 457.165 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.165 Millet crop insurance provisions. The millet crop insurance provisions for the 2008...

2009-01-01

348

7 CFR 457.166 - Blueberry crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Blueberry crop insurance provisions. 457.166...CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.166 Blueberry crop insurance provisions. The Blueberry Crop Insurance Provisions for the 2005...

2009-01-01

349

7 CFR 457.166 - Blueberry crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Blueberry crop insurance provisions. 457.166...CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.166 Blueberry crop insurance provisions. The Blueberry Crop Insurance Provisions for the 2005...

2010-01-01

350

10 CFR 960.3-1 - Siting provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Siting provisions. 960.3-1 Section 960.3-1 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GENERAL GUIDELINES...WASTE REPOSITORY Implementation Guidelines § 960.3-1 Siting provisions. The siting provisions...

2010-01-01

351

10 CFR 960.3-1 - Siting provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Siting provisions. 960.3-1 Section 960.3-1 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GENERAL GUIDELINES...WASTE REPOSITORY Implementation Guidelines § 960.3-1 Siting provisions. The siting provisions...

2009-01-01

352

Do the disadvantaged legitimize the social system? A large-scale test of the status-legitimacy hypothesis.  

PubMed

System justification theory (SJT) posits that members of low-status groups are more likely to see their social systems as legitimate than members of high-status groups because members of low-status groups experience a sense of dissonance between system motivations and self/group motivations (Jost, Pelham, Sheldon, & Sullivan, 2003). The author examined the status-legitimacy hypothesis using data from 3 representative sets of data from the United States (American National Election Studies and General Social Surveys) and throughout the world (World Values Survey; total N across studies = 151,794). Multilevel models revealed that the average effect across years in the United States and countries throughout the world was most often directly contrary to the status-legitimacy hypothesis or was practically zero. In short, the status-legitimacy effect is not a robust phenomenon. Two theoretically relevant moderator variables (inequality and civil liberties) were also tested, revealing weak evidence, null evidence, or contrary evidence to the dissonance-inspired status-legitimacy hypothesis. In sum, the status-legitimacy effect is not robust and is unlikely to be the result of dissonance. These results are used to discuss future directions for research, the current state of SJT, and the interpretation of theoretically relevant but contrary and null results. PMID:23421361

Brandt, Mark J

2013-02-18

353

Social work in general practice  

PubMed Central

A questionnaire seeking details of working arrangements and problems encountered was circulated to social workers working in general practice. The main difficulties were: insufficient preparation for the scheme, poor communication between general practitioners and social workers, and the inadequate provision of facilities for social workers in practice premises. Most of the respondents had not experienced big difficulties. Two thirds had enjoyed a rewarding professional experience, which is a testimonial to interdisciplinary co-operation. ImagesFigure 1.Figure 2.

Gilchrist, Iain C.; Gough, Jean B.; Horsfall-Turner, Yvonne R.; Ineson, Eileen M.; Keele, Ged; Marks, Bernard; Scott, Heather J.

1978-01-01

354

Multicultural Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale – Racial Diversity Form: Factor structure and test of a social cognitive model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to gather evidence on the factor structure and concurrent criterion validity of the Multicultural Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale – Racial Diversity Form (MCSE-RD; Sheu & Lent, 2007). The MCSE-RD was designed to assess therapists' perceived capabilities in performing culturally relevant in-session behaviors in cross-racial counseling. Participants were 209 students in counseling-related graduate programs in the USA. Confirmatory

Hung-Bin Sheu; Marybeth Rigali-Oiler; Robert W. Lent

2012-01-01

355

49 CFR 511.31 - General provisions governing discovery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false General provisions governing discovery. 511.31 Section 511.31 ...TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Discovery; Compulsory Process § 511.31 General provisions governing discovery. (a) Applicability....

2012-10-01

356

49 CFR 511.31 - General provisions governing discovery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false General provisions governing discovery. 511.31 Section 511.31 ...TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Discovery; Compulsory Process § 511.31 General provisions governing discovery. (a) Applicability....

2011-10-01

357

40 CFR 165.80 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...80 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL Standards for Pesticide Containment Structures § 165.80 General provisions. (a) What is the...

2012-07-01

358

42 CFR 403.752 - Payment provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS SPECIAL PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS Religious Nonmedical Health Care Institutions-Benefits, Conditions of Participation, and Payment § 403.752 Payment...

2012-10-01

359

42 CFR 403.756 - Sunset provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS SPECIAL PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS Religious Nonmedical Health Care Institutions-Benefits, Conditions of Participation, and Payment § 403.756 Sunset...

2012-10-01

360

29 CFR 780.501 - Statutory provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT Employment or Agricultural Employees in Processing...Statutory provision. Section 13(a)(14) of the Fair Labor Standards Act exempts from the minimum wage requirements...

2013-07-01

361

75 FR 81952 - Gap in Termination Provisions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LIBRARY OF CONGRESS Copyright Office 37 CFR Part...Provisions AGENCY: Copyright Office, Library of Congress. ACTION: Notice of inquiry...SUMMARY: The Copyright Office of the Library of Congress is extending the time in...

2010-12-29

362

40 CFR 194.6 - Alternative provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) RADIATION PROTECTION PROGRAMS CRITERIA FOR THE CERTIFICATION AND RE-CERTIFICATION OF THE WASTE ISOLATION PILOT PLANT'S COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS General Provisions § 194.6 Alternative...

2013-07-01

363

19 CFR 122.182 - Security provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Security provisions. 122.182 Section 122.182...Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS...

2013-04-01

364

19 CFR 115.4 - Conflicting provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CARGO CONTAINER AND ROAD VEHICLE CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO INTERNATIONAL CUSTOMS CONVENTIONS General § 115.4 Conflicting provisions....

2013-04-01

365

7 CFR 1435.106 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS SUGAR PROGRAM Sugar Loan Program § 1435.106 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) The regulations governing setoffs and...

2012-01-01

366

40 CFR 304.42 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 304.42 Section 304.42 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY PLANNING...RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS ARBITRATION PROCEDURES FOR SMALL SUPERFUND COST RECOVERY CLAIMS Other Provisions § 304.42...

2011-07-01

367

40 CFR 59.104 - Compliance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... National Volatile Organic Compound Emission Standards for Automobile Refinish Coatings § 59.104 Compliance provisions...coating has been formulated as intended (e.g., quality assurance checks, recordkeeping). However, if there are any...

2010-07-01

368

40 CFR 59.104 - Compliance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... National Volatile Organic Compound Emission Standards for Automobile Refinish Coatings § 59.104 Compliance provisions...coating has been formulated as intended (e.g., quality assurance checks, recordkeeping). However, if there are any...

2009-07-01

369

40 CFR 59.104 - Compliance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPOUND EMISSION STANDARDS FOR CONSUMER AND COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS National Volatile Organic Compound Emission Standards for Automobile Refinish Coatings § 59.104 Compliance provisions. (a) For the purpose of determining compliance with the...

2013-07-01

370

10 CFR 20.2101 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PROTECTION AGAINST RADIATION Records § 20.2101 General provisions. (a) Each licensee shall use the units: curie, rad, rem, including multiples and subdivisions, and shall clearly indicate the units of all quantities on records required...

2013-01-01

371

40 CFR 63.343 - Compliance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Decorative Chromium Electroplating and Chromium Anodizing Tanks § 63.343 Compliance provisions...chromium electroplating tank or a chromium anodizing tank. (2) The owner or operator...chromium electroplaters and chromium anodizing operations in California which have...

2009-07-01

372

40 CFR 63.343 - Compliance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Decorative Chromium Electroplating and Chromium Anodizing Tanks § 63.343 Compliance provisions...chromium electroplating tank or a chromium anodizing tank. (2) The owner or operator...chromium electroplaters and chromium anodizing operations in California which have...

2010-07-01

373

40 CFR 192.41 - Provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PROGRAMS HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION STANDARDS FOR URANIUM AND THORIUM MILL TAILINGS Standards for Management of Thorium...material and: (a) Provisions applicable to the element uranium shall also apply to the element thorium; (b)...

2013-07-01

374

76 FR 32316 - Gap in Termination Provisions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LIBRARY OF CONGRESS Copyright Office 37 CFR Part 201 [Docket No...Gap in Termination Provisions AGENCY: Copyright Office, Library of Congress. ACTION...SUMMARY: The Copyright Office is amending its regulations...

2011-06-06

375

40 CFR 92.303 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM LOCOMOTIVES AND LOCOMOTIVE ENGINES Certification Averaging, Banking, and Trading Provisions § 92.303...

2013-07-01

376

14 CFR 1274.509 - Contract provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS WITH COMMERCIAL FIRMS Procurement Standards § 1274.509 Contract provisions...specific program for the purpose of making audits, examinations, excerpts and transcriptions...made a determination that the Federal Government's interest is adequately...

2012-01-01

377

43 CFR 12.948 - Contract provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Interior ADMINISTRATIVE AND AUDIT REQUIREMENTS AND COST PRINCIPLES...determination that the Federal Government's interest is adequately...program for the purpose of making audits, examinations, excerpts and...contractors shall contain the procurement provisions of appendix A...

2012-10-01

378

15 CFR 14.48 - Contract provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 14.48 Contract...determination that the Federal Government's interest is adequately...for the purpose of making audits, examinations, excerpts...contractors shall contain the procurement provisions of Appendix A...

2012-01-01

379

49 CFR 19.48 - Contract provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 19.48 Contract...determination that the Federal Government's interest is adequately...for the purpose of making audits, examinations, excerpts...contractors shall contain the procurement provisions of appendix A...

2012-10-01

380

45 CFR 74.48 - Contract provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 74.48 Contract...determination that the Federal Government's interest is adequately...for the purpose of making audits, examinations, excerpts...contractors shall contain the procurement provisions of appendix A...

2012-10-01

381

14 CFR 1260.148 - Contract provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Non-Profit Organizations Procurement Standards § 1260.148...determination that the Federal Government's interest is adequately...for the purpose of making audits, examinations, excerpts...contractors shall contain the procurement provisions of appendix A...

2012-01-01

382

40 CFR 60.443 - Compliance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Standards of Performance for Pressure Sensitive Tape and Label Surface Coating Operations § 60.443 Compliance provisions...following procedures: (1) Determine the weight fraction of organics and the weight fraction of solids of each coating...

2013-07-01

383

38 CFR 53.32 - Recapture provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) PAYMENTS TO STATES FOR PROGRAMS TO PROMOTE THE HIRING AND RETENTION OF NURSES AT STATE VETERANS HOMES § 53.32 Recapture provisions. If a State fails to use the funds provided under this...

2013-07-01

384

40 CFR 403.16 - Upset provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AGENCY (CONTINUED) EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS GENERAL PRETREATMENT REGULATIONS FOR EXISTING AND NEW SOURCES OF POLLUTION § 403.16 Upset provision. (a) Definition. For the purposes of this section, Upset means an...

2012-07-01

385

48 CFR 2433.106 - Solicitation provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...provision. 2433.106 Section 2433.106 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS PROTESTS, DISPUTES, AND APPEALS Protests 2433.106 Solicitation...

2011-10-01

386

7 CFR 1413.111 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...questions of title under State law, and without regard to any... (e) Violations regarding controlled substances. The provisions of § 718...certain offenses with respect to controlled substances, will apply to this...

2012-01-01

387

40 CFR 720.80 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT PREMANUFACTURE NOTIFICATION Confidentiality and Public Access to Information § 720.80 General provisions. (a) A person may assert...

2013-07-01

388

7 CFR 250.53 - Contract provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Foods in Contracts With Food Service Management Companies § 250.53 Contract...fixed-price contract with a food service management company. Such provisions...A statement that the food service management company must credit the...

2010-01-01

389

7 CFR 250.53 - Contract provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Foods in Contracts with Food Service Management Companies § 250.53 Contract...fixed-price contract with a food service management company. Such provisions...A statement that the food service management company must credit the...

2009-01-01

390

Provisions of the New Voc Ed Amendments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Listed here in brief form are the provisions concerning vocational education in the Education Amendments of 1976. Amounts authorized through fiscal 1982 are shown in an accompanying table. (Editor/HD)

American Vocational Journal, 1976

1976-01-01

391

40 CFR 64.10 - Savings provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) COMPLIANCE ASSURANCE MONITORING § 64.10 Savings provisions...standard, or any existing monitoring, testing, reporting...justify the approval of monitoring less stringent than...

2011-07-01

392

48 CFR 370.702 - Solicitation provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...about meeting the requirements specified in the provision, the Contracting Officer shall consult with the Office of Global Health Affairs, Office of the General Counsel, the Project Officer, and other HHS officials, as...

2010-10-01

393

18 CFR 5.29 - Other provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Other provisions. (a) Filing requirement. Unless otherwise provided by statute, regulation or order, all filings in hydropower hearings, except those conducted by trial-type procedures, must conform to the requirements of 18 CFR part 385,...

2013-04-01

394

Behavioural and endocrine reactions in boys scoring high on Sennton neurotic scale viewing an exciting and partly violent movie and the importance of social support.  

PubMed

Psychoendocrine and behavioural effects elicited by viewing an exciting and partly violent movie were studied in 12-year-old boys (n = 42). The boys were divided into three groups. Group A (n = 13) consisted of boys scoring below the median value on the Sennton neurotic scale for vegetative and anxiety symptoms. Group B (n = 13) consisted of boys scoring above the median value on the Sennton neurotic scale. None of these boys had ever visited a psychiatric treatment centre, and they all came from the same school. A third group, Group C (n = 16), consisted of boys who, at least once, had visited an out-patient clinic at a child psychiatric treatment centre for neurotic problems. These boys attended different schools in the hospital catchment area. Group C had the same mean score on the Sennton neurotic scale as did Group B. By having two groups of boys scoring both high on the Sennton neurotic scale, one of which knew the other boys and one that did not, we were able to study possible effects of social support on psychobiologic reactions in neurotic boys. The boys' reactions to the movie were assessed by: self-ratings; direct observations of the boys by a team of trained child psychologists; and by analysis of urinary output of adrenaline, noradrenaline and cortisol. Group B rated their experience the strongest, viewing the movie, while Groups A and C rated themselves as rather unaffected by it. Group C was rated less verbally active, both during the control and the film periods, than were the other two groups.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:4012360

Arnetz, B B; Edgren, B; Levi, L; Otto, U

1985-01-01

395

20 CFR 404.1407 - When railroad retirement benefits do not bar payment of social security benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...benefits do not bar payment of social security benefits. 404.1407 Section...1407 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE...benefits do not bar payment of social security benefits. The provisions...

2013-04-01

396

Social Implications of Social Science Data Archives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The recent development of large-scale collections of information relevant to the social sciences (commonly referred to as 'social science data archives') is significant for society as well as for the social sciences. It is the purpose of this paper to des...

D. K. Stewart

1967-01-01

397

Health and the Structure of Adolescent Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Much research has explored the role of social networks in promoting health through the provision of social support. However, little work has examined how social networks themselves may be structured by health. This article investigates the link between individuals' health and the characteristics of their social network positions.We first develop…

Haas, Steven A.; Schaefer, David R.; Kornienko, Olga

2010-01-01

398

Proprietary Hospital Social Work: What Do We Know?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapid growth of the proprietary sector in the provision of social services creates a challenge for the social work profession. Little is known about social work services in for-profit organizations or about how they compare to similar non-profit settings. A comparative study was conducted of social work services in proprietary and non-profit…

Ortiz, Elizabeth Thompson; Bassoff, Betty Z.

399

Cognitive status and analgesic provision in nursing home residents  

PubMed Central

Background: Although it is becoming acknowledged that pain management is generally poor for older people, little is known about pain management for nursing home residents in the United Kingdom, and the specific problems for those with cognitive impairments. Aims: This section of a larger study of pain aimed to explore analgesic prescription and administration according to nursing home residents' cognitive status. Design of study: A survey of nursing home residents and their medication documentation. Setting: The sample included 113 nursing home residents from 15 nursing homes in large city in the north of England. Method: Residents' cognitive status was assessed using the mini-mental state examination (MMSE). Pain was measured with a four-point verbal rating scale and a 10-point horizontal numeric rating scale. Residents' medications — including name, dose, and frequency of administration — were noted, as well as provision within the previous 24 hours. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in pain scores according to level of cognitive impairment. The prescription and administration of opioid and non-opioid analgesics were highest for residents with low cognitive impairment; these decreased as impairment increased. Those who were prescribed neither opioid nor non-opioid analgesics had significantly lower MMSE scores than those who were. A low MMSE score indicates a high level of cognitive impairment. Conclusion: It is not clear why those with greater cognitive impairment received fewer analgesics than others. More research is needed into the relationships between pain assessment, pain experience, cognitive impairment, and analgesic provision. It is likely that improvements in carers' knowledge of pain assessment and the risks and benefits of commonly used analgesics could improve analgesic provision.

Closs, S Jose; Barr, Bridget; Briggs, Michelle

2004-01-01

400

Participant Preferences for the Provision of Registration Trials Results  

PubMed Central

Background Clinical trials leading to drug approval (registration trials) play a central role in the drug development process, and attention has recently been paid to providing trial results to participants. In the present study, we examined the preferences of participants of registration trials for the provision of trial-related information. Methods We used questionnaires to survey the preferences of registration trial participants at Tokushima University Hospital and Tokushima National Hospital. Of the 15 questions, 6 related to participant characteristics and the trials in which they participated, while 9 questions were concerned with preferences for the provision of information. A five-point scale (strongly agree, agree, neutral, disagree, and strongly disagree) was used, and positive answers (strongly agree and agree) were considered to indicate a positive preference. Results Of the 58 subjects, 1 declined, giving a response rate of 98%. More than 70% of participants preferred to obtain information, even if they had served as controls. More than 80% of participants agreed to obtain information relating to trial results, even if the results were negative, and more than 80% of participants agreed to obtain information on the labeling state of the agent, even if development had ceased. Although more than 60% of participants agreed for the provision of information on their allocation and around more than 70% agreed to the provision of information on registration trials status, significantly fewer participants with difficult-to-treat diseases (for example, neurological and malignant diseases) agreed to obtain information compared with participants with other types of diseases (for example, acute, chronic, and psychological diseases). More than 50% of participants desired information to be provided directly by the physician, while a considerable number of participants desired information by means of clinical research coordinators (CRCs) (24.4%) or by posted letter (33.3%). Conclusion The present results suggest the preferences for the provision of individual and overall information concerning research results. However, further study is warranted to determine participant preferences more precisely and the effect of the CRC-initiated infrastructure for providing information on patient satisfaction and for promoting registration trials.

Tajima, Soichiro; Akaishi, Akiyo; Miyamoto, Toshiko; Katashima, Rumi; Nakai, Kenichi; Mitsui, Takao; Yanagawa, Hiroaki

2013-01-01

401

Development, social norms, and assignment to task  

PubMed Central

Economic development involves a structural transformation in the way people are allocated to tasks. There is a shift from self-provision to market exchange, facilitating specialization. There is also a shift from self-employment to wage employment in large firms and organizations, driven by innovation and increasing returns to scale. Changes in allocation mechanisms require changes in norms and attitudes. Because different labor assignment domains coexist, conflicts arise among norms that apply to different domains, possibly resulting in dysfunctional outcomes. I argue that religion, humanism, and schools have all played an important historical role in fostering the changes in social norms and attitudes that are needed to accompany structural changes in the way economies allocate workers to tasks.

Fafchamps, Marcel

2011-01-01

402

42 CFR 426.400 - Procedure for filing an acceptable complaint concerning a provision (or provisions) of an LCD.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...concerning a provision (or provisions) of an LCD. 426.400 Section 426.400 Public...LOCAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS Review of an LCD § 426.400 Procedure for filing an...concerning a provision (or provisions) of an LCD. (a) The complaint. An...

2010-10-01

403

42 CFR 426.400 - Procedure for filing an acceptable complaint concerning a provision (or provisions) of an LCD.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...concerning a provision (or provisions) of an LCD. 426.400 Section 426.400 Public...LOCAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS Review of an LCD § 426.400 Procedure for filing an...concerning a provision (or provisions) of an LCD. (a) The complaint. An...

2009-10-01

404

Assistive Technology and Supports Provision: A Selective Review of the Literature and Proposed Areas of Application  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Thirty-one research articles were examined to investigate the empirical evidence supporting the use of assistive technology as a type of support for people with intellectual disability in relation to the seven domains of support provision identified in the Supports Intensity Scale. Results indicated that assistive technology devices can be a…

Bryant, Brian R.; Bryant, Diane Pedrotty; Shih, Minyi; Seok, Soohwha

2010-01-01

405

Assistive Technology and Supports Provision: A Selective Review of the Literature and Proposed Areas of Application  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirty-one research articles were examined to investigate the empirical evidence supporting the use of assistive technology as a type of support for people with intellectual disability in relation to the seven domains of support provision identified in the Supports Intensity Scale. Results indicated that assistive technology devices can be a…

Bryant, Brian R.; Bryant, Diane Pedrotty; Shih, Minyi; Seok, Soohwha

2010-01-01

406

An Examination of the First/Second-Grade Form of the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance: Factor Structure and Stability by Grade and Gender across Groups of Economically Disadvantaged Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We tested the structure of the Pictorial Scale of Competence and Social Acceptance (PSPCSA) across groups of first and second grade children from economically disadvantaged backgrounds. We used confirmatory factor analysis, including latent mean structures analysis, to test the fit of competing PSPCSA factor models and examined invariance across…

French, Brian F.; Mantzicopoulos, Panayota

2007-01-01

407

An Examination of the First/Second-Grade Form of the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance: Factor Structure and Stability by Grade and Gender across Groups of Economically Disadvantaged Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We tested the structure of the Pictorial Scale of Competence and Social Acceptance (PSPCSA) across groups of first and second grade children from economically disadvantaged backgrounds. We used confirmatory factor analysis, including latent mean structures analysis, to test the fit of competing PSPCSA factor models and examined invariance across…

French, Brian F.; Mantzicopoulos, Panayota

2007-01-01

408

Scaling Satan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence on social behavior of beliefs in Satan and the nature of evil has received little empirical study. Elaine Pagels (1995) in her book, The Origin of Satan, argued that Christians' intolerance toward others is due to their belief in an active Satan. In this study, more than 200 college undergraduates completed the Manitoba Prejudice Scale and the Attitudes

Keith M. Wilson; Jennifer L. Huff

2001-01-01

409

District Policy and Teachers' Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Policy makers increasingly include provisions aimed at fostering professional community as part of reform initiatives. Yet little is known about the impact of policy on teachers' professional relations in schools. Drawing theoretically from social capital theory and methodologically from qualitative social network analysis, this article explores…

Coburn, Cynthia E.; Russell, Jennifer Lin

2008-01-01

410

WOMEN'S SOCIAL MOVEMENTS IN LATIN AMERICA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article documents the increasing participation of poor women in social movements in Latin America, focusing on movements centered around human rights and collective consumption issues, such as the cost of living or the provision of public services. It analyzes the factors that have contributed to the increased participation of poor Latin American women in social movements and why they

HELEN ICKEN SAFA

1990-01-01

411

ADHD service provision by paediatricians: UK survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Various guidelines are available to help effectively manage attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. This paper aims to determine the current service provision for children with ADHD in the UK. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A cross-sectional survey of the UK paediatricians was conducted online. Findings – A total of 93 completed survey forms were received. Of the clinicians, 71

Somnath Banerjee; Geoff Kewley

2009-01-01

412

21 CFR 26.81 - Final provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RECOGNITION OF PHARMACEUTICAL GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE REPORTS, MEDICAL DEVICE QUALITY SYSTEM...REPORTS: UNITED STATES AND THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY âFrameworkâ Provisions § 26.81...United States of America and the European Community,â from which this part is...

2013-04-01

413

Sharing Metadata: Enabling Online Information Provision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes work being carried out in the fields of online education provision and library systems, beginning with a description of the current state of the art with regard to online learning environments and educational materials management. Suggestions and solutions for librarians dealing with the management of educational digital…

Darzentas, Jenny

414

25 CFR 249.7 - Savings provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND WILDLIFE OFF-RESERVATION TREATY FISHING General Provisions § 249.7 Savings...restrict any persons from engaging in any fishing activity in any manner which is permitted...Permit any Indian to exercise any tribal fishing right in any manner prohibited by...

2013-04-01

415

Advance Provision of Emergency Contraception for Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Emergency contraception is most effective at preventing unintended pregnancy when taken as early as possible following unprotected sexual intercourse. Advance provision of this medication supports more timely and effective use. In the midst of rising teen pregnancy rates, current policies often limit access to emergency contraception for…

Adamji, Jehan-Marie; Swartwout, Kathryn

2010-01-01

416

The Accurate Hose Model for VPN Provisioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work considers the problem of VPN provisioning, focusing on the process of dimensioning the links belonging to the route that connects VPN endpoints, according to the specified traffic demands. To accomplish this, we propose a new model, the Accurate Hose, which can take into consideration a complete or partial traffic matrix and supports group based bandwidth requirements, while maintaining

Dênio Mariz; Judith Kelner; Djamel Sadok; Carlos A. Kamienski

417

Service Provision: Recent Gains, Current Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Organizations and groups responsible for the bulk of the nation's adult basic skills provision are currently reaching an estimated 9-10 percent of the needy population. This represents an increase from the 7-8 percent reached in 1984. Adult Basic Education (ABE), the largest single program in the nation, has shown an overall growth in enrollment…

BCEL Newsletter for the Business Community, 1988

1988-01-01

418

7 CFR 1485.23 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Miscellaneous provisions...and accurate fact-based advertising. Deceptive or misleading...promotional material and advertising will identify the origin of the agricultural...promotional material and advertising will identify the origin of the...

2012-01-01

419

46 CFR 327.2 - Statutory provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...exemptions, privileges, and liabilities, under law applicable to citizens of the United States employed as seamen on privately owned...or in part, be enforced pursuant to the provisions of the Suits in Admiralty Act, notwithstanding the vessel on which the...

2012-10-01

420

46 CFR 327.2 - Statutory provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...exemptions, privileges, and liabilities, under law applicable to citizens of the United States employed as seamen on privately owned...or in part, be enforced pursuant to the provisions of the Suits in Admiralty Act, notwithstanding the vessel on which the...

2011-10-01

421

Does privatising public service provision reduce accountability?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies how privatising service provision (shifting control rights and contractual obligations to providers) affects accountability. There are two main effects. (1) Privatisation demotivates governments from investigating and responding to public demands, since providers then hold up service adaptations. (2) Privatisation demotivates the public from mobilising to pressure for service adaptations, since providers then indirectly holdup the public by

Matthew Ellman

2006-01-01

422

40 CFR 1037.401 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...VEHICLES In-Use Testing § 1037.401 General provisions. We may perform in-use testing of any vehicle subject to the standards of this part. For example, we may test vehicles to verify drag areas or other GEM...

2013-07-01

423

40 CFR 60.755 - Compliance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Performance for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills § 60.755 Compliance provisions...expected gas generation flow rate from the landfill to determine compliance with § 60.752...mover equipment. The active life of the landfill is the age of the landfill plus the...

2013-07-01

424

46 CFR 11.901 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Examinations and Practical Demonstrations of Competence § 11.901 General provisions...made a practical demonstration(s) of competence as set out under the appropriate STCW...d) Simulators used in assessment of competence under paragraph (c) of this...

2010-10-01

425

46 CFR 11.901 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Examinations and Practical Demonstrations of Competence § 11.901 General provisions...made a practical demonstration(s) of competence as set out under the appropriate STCW...d) Simulators used in assessment of competence under paragraph (c) of this...

2009-10-01

426

40 CFR 61.173 - Compliance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Inorganic Arsenic Emissions From Primary Copper Smelters § 61.173 Compliance provisions... (a) The owner or operator of each copper converter to which § 61.172(b...The owner or operator of each existing copper converter shall install a...

2013-07-01

427

Competition in the Provision of Hospital Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the high percentage of national income and government budget typically associated with the provision of hospital services and because there is substantial evidence of hospital services could often be delivered more efficiently than they are, a number of OECD countries have increased the extent to which competitive mechanisms are adopted to increase the efficiency of hospital care delivery.

2006-01-01

428

Provision of information on regulatory authorities websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Several organizations have raised concerns about the excessive secrecy maintained by regulatory authorities around the world, in particular in the European Union, France, UK, Canada and Australia. However, limited research has assessed the provision of information by regulatory authorities. This study aimed to assess the type and availability of information provided on the regulatory authorities' websites. Methods: Regulatory authorities'

A. Vitry; J. Lexchin; L. Sasich; T. Dupin-Spriet; T. Reed; V. Bertele; S. Garattini; L. Toop; E. Hurley

2008-01-01

429

Social Policy and American Indians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the monograph is to provide schools of social work and their teachers with a central core of information concerning the policy and provisions of law that affect American Indians. The core information is selective and is presented in seven chapters. The first chapter provides a brief historical overview of the unique relationship…

Hanson, Wynne DuBray; Purcell, Patrick Frances

430

Social media analytics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online social media represent a fundamental shift of how information is being produced, transferred and consumed. The present tutorial investigates techniques for social media modeling, analytics and optimization. First we present methods for collecting large scale social media data and then discuss techniques for coping with and correcting for the effects arising from missing and incomplete data. We proceed by

Jure Leskovec

2011-01-01

431

Connections: Facilitating Social Supports for Students with Deaf-Blindness in General Education Classrooms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a three-component package to facilitate social supports for students who are deaf-blind in general education classes. The components are: ongoing provision of information, provision of interactive, multiple communication media, and facilitation of social interactions. Case studies of four students with deaf-blindness…

Goetz, Lori; O'Farrell, Nora

1999-01-01

432

A case study of the provision of antiretroviral therapy for refugees in Tanzania.  

PubMed

Tanzania is host to one of the highest refugee populations in the world, with over half a million refugees in 2006. The purpose of this case study was to explore the application of the UNHCR ART policy for the provision of therapeutic, long-term antiretroviral therapy (ART) to refugees in Tanzania. A case study method was used and 18 semistructured key-informants interviews were conducted in July 2007 with a cross-section of stakeholders involved in provision of ART to refugees in Tanzania. The results suggest positive implementation of the key principles of the UNHCR policy. Some differing opinions existed between respondents over the key principles of considering ART provision at earliest possible stage of displacement, and the criteria for repatriation of refugees. The right of refugees to access ART is increasingly accepted and Tanzania provides a positive example of how ART services can be scaled up for refugees. PMID:19655639

Stephen, Hobokela; Roberts, Bayard

433

Fault management system for reliable ADSL services provisioning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A number of ADSL subscribers are explosively increasing every year. The ATM over ADSL gives us a new paradigm for Internet access service using existing copper cable. An ATM network takes the role of access network for providing the Internet access service using the ATM over ADSL. However, it is very difficult for network service provider to manage the large-scale ATM access network in uniform in terms of the stabilized Internet access service provision using the ATM over ADSL model. We logically divide the ATM access network into two domains from the perspective of fault management. The first domain is composed of DSLAMs and the seconds one is composed of the pure ATM switches. This paper proposes two level fault management schemes for ATM over ADSL service provision in terms of TMN functional layering: one is the fault management in terms of the network management layer (NML) and the other is one in terms of the service management layer (SML). We also describe the experience learned from the network management under the real network applying the proposed fault management schemes.

Kim, Dong-Il; Hong, Won-Kyu; Jong, Mun-Jo; Oh, Chang-suk

2001-07-01

434

The evolutionary and ecological roots of human social organization  

PubMed Central

Social organization among human foragers is characterized by a three-generational system of resource provisioning within families, long-term pair-bonding between men and women, high levels of cooperation between kin and non-kin, and relatively egalitarian social relationships. In this paper, we suggest that these core features of human sociality result from the learning- and skill-intensive human foraging niche, which is distinguished by a late age-peak in caloric production, high complementarity between male and female inputs to offspring viability, high gains to cooperation in production and risk-reduction, and a lack of economically defensible resources. We present an explanatory framework for understanding variation in social organization across human societies, highlighting the interactive effects of four key ecological and economic variables: (i) the role of skill in resource production; (ii) the degree of complementarity in male and female inputs into production; (iii) economies of scale in cooperative production and competition; and (iv) the economic defensibility of physical inputs into production. Finally, we apply this framework to understanding variation in social and political organization across foraging, horticulturalist, pastoralist and agriculturalist societies.

Kaplan, Hillard S.; Hooper, Paul L.; Gurven, Michael

2009-01-01

435

Educational provision for children with specific speech and language difficulties: perspectives of speech and language therapy service managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Children with specific speech and language difficulties (SSLD) pose a challenge to the education system, and to speech and language therapists who support them, as a result of their language needs and associated educational and social-behavioural difficulties. The development of inclusion raises questions regarding appropriate provision, whether the tradition of language units or full inclusion into mainstream schools. Aims:

Julie E. Dockrell; Geoff Lindsay; Becky Letchford; Clare Mackie

2006-01-01

436

Agricultural Child Labor Provisions of FLSA, 1975; Hearing before the Subcommittee on Labor of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, United States Senate, Ninety-Fourth Congress, First Session (Presque Isle, Maine, January 18, 1975).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A provision of the 1974 amendments to the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) prohibited children under the age of 12 from working in agriculture, except on their parents' farms. Purpose of this provision was to codify as a matter of national social policy that children under 12 should not work for hire in agriculture or any other industry, where they…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare.

437

9 CFR 145.5 - Specific provisions for participating flocks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LIVESTOCK IMPROVEMENT NATIONAL POULTRY IMPROVEMENT PLAN FOR BREEDING POULTRY General Provisions § 145.5 Specific provisions for participating flocks. (a) Poultry...

2013-01-01

438

9 CFR 145.7 - Specific provisions for participating dealers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...LIVESTOCK IMPROVEMENT NATIONAL POULTRY IMPROVEMENT PLAN FOR BREEDING POULTRY General Provisions § 145.7 Specific provisions for participating dealers. Dealers in poultry breeding stock, hatching eggs, or baby or started poultry shall...

2013-01-01

439

40 CFR 63.1329 - Process contact cooling towers provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Process contact cooling towers provisions. 63.1329 Section... § 63.1329 Process contact cooling towers provisions. (a) The...that utilizes a process contact cooling tower shall comply with...

2009-07-01

440

40 CFR 63.1329 - Process contact cooling towers provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 true Process contact cooling towers provisions. 63.1329 Section... § 63.1329 Process contact cooling towers provisions. (a) The...that utilizes a process contact cooling tower shall comply with...

2010-07-01

441

30 CFR 47.81 - Provisions for withholding trade secrets.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Provisions for withholding trade secrets. 47.81 Section 47.81 Mineral...HAZARD COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Trade Secret Hazardous Chemical § 47.81 Provisions for withholding trade secrets. (a) Operators may withhold...

2010-07-01

442

30 CFR 47.81 - Provisions for withholding trade secrets.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Provisions for withholding trade secrets. 47.81 Section 47.81 Mineral...HAZARD COMMUNICATION (HazCom) Trade Secret Hazardous Chemical § 47.81 Provisions for withholding trade secrets. (a) Operators may withhold...

2009-07-01

443

40 CFR 60.539b - General provisions exclusions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for New Residential Wood Heaters § 60.539b General provisions exclusions. The following provisions of subpart A of part 60 do not apply to this...

2013-07-01

444

43 CFR 12.725 - Solicitation provisions and contract clause.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Solicitation provisions and contract clause. 12.725 Section 12.725 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary...Assistance Programs Buy American Act-Supplies § 12.725 Solicitation provisions and contract...

2011-10-01

445

46 CFR 502.201 - General provisions governing discovery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false General provisions governing discovery. 502.201 Section 502.201 Shipping...Depositions, Written Interrogatories, and Discovery § 502.201 General provisions governing discovery. (a) Applicability....

2012-10-01

446

46 CFR 502.201 - General provisions governing discovery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false General provisions governing discovery. 502.201 Section 502.201 Shipping...Depositions, Written Interrogatories, and Discovery § 502.201 General provisions governing discovery. (a) Applicability....

2011-10-01

447

10 CFR 960.3-1 - Siting provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...3-1 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR THE PRELIMINARY SCREENING OF POTENTIAL SITES FOR A NUCLEAR WASTE REPOSITORY Implementation Guidelines § 960.3-1 Siting provisions. The siting provisions establish...

2013-01-01

448

40 CFR 76.3 - General Acid Rain Program provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-07-01 false General Acid Rain Program provisions. 76.3 Section... AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) ACID RAIN NITROGEN OXIDES EMISSION REDUCTION PROGRAM § 76.3 General Acid Rain Program provisions. The...

2009-07-01

449

40 CFR 76.3 - General Acid Rain Program provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false General Acid Rain Program provisions. 76.3 Section... AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) ACID RAIN NITROGEN OXIDES EMISSION REDUCTION PROGRAM § 76.3 General Acid Rain Program provisions. The...

2010-07-01

450

45 CFR 73.735-1101 - General provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...OF CONDUCT Special Government Employees Other Than...General provision. Individuals who are designated as special Government employees because of the nature of their services...member are subject to the provisions of...

2011-10-01

451

45 CFR 400.314 - Priority in provision of services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Priority in provision of services. 400.314 Section...PROGRAM Targeted Assistance Funding and Service Priorities § 400.314 Priority in provision of services. A State...

2012-10-01

452

45 CFR 400.314 - Priority in provision of services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Priority in provision of services. 400.314 Section...PROGRAM Targeted Assistance Funding and Service Priorities § 400.314 Priority in provision of services. A State...

2011-10-01

453

40 CFR 63.1432 - Storage vessel provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Storage vessel provisions. 63.1432 Section 63...Polyether Polyols Production § 63.1432 Storage vessel provisions. (a) For each storage vessel located at an affected source,...

2013-07-01

454

48 CFR 517.208 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 517.208 Solicitation provisions...provision at 552.217-70, Evaluation of Options, if both of the following conditions apply: (1) The solicitation contains an option to extend the term of the...

2011-10-01

455

48 CFR 1337.110 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Solicitation provisions and contract clauses. 1337.110 Section 1337.110 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT...SERVICE CONTRACTING Service Contracts-General 1337.110 Solicitation provisions and contract...

2011-10-01

456

48 CFR 1337.110 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Solicitation provisions and contract clauses. 1337.110 Section 1337.110 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT...SERVICE CONTRACTING Service Contracts-General 1337.110 Solicitation provisions and contract...

2012-10-01

457

40 CFR 76.3 - General Acid Rain Program provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false General Acid Rain Program provisions. 76.3 Section... AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) ACID RAIN NITROGEN OXIDES EMISSION REDUCTION PROGRAM § 76.3 General Acid Rain Program provisions. The...

2013-07-01

458

12 CFR 1026.12 - Special credit card provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Special credit card provisions. 1026.12 Section 1026... TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z) Open-End Credit § 1026.12 Special credit card provisions. (a) Issuance of credit...

2013-01-01

459

40 CFR 63.72 - General provisions for compliance extensions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...General provisions for compliance extensions. 63.72 Section 63... ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS...Regulations Governing Compliance Extensions for Early Reductions of Hazardous...provisions for compliance extensions. (a) Except...

2013-07-01

460

28 CFR Appendix A to Part 70 - Contract Provisions  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Contract Provisions A Appendix A to Part 70 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE...HOSPITALS AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Pt. 70, App. A Appendix A to Part 70âContract Provisions All contracts,...

2010-07-01

461

47 CFR 80.141 - General provisions for ship stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false General provisions for ship stations. 80.141 Section 80.141 ...Requirements and Procedures Special Procedures-Ship Stations § 80.141 General provisions for ship stations. (a) Points of...

2012-10-01

462

47 CFR 80.141 - General provisions for ship stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false General provisions for ship stations. 80.141 Section 80.141 ...Requirements and Procedures Special Procedures-Ship Stations § 80.141 General provisions for ship stations. (a) Points of...

2011-10-01

463

7 CFR 1468.8 - Land eligibility provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...OTHER OPERATIONS CONSERVATION FARM OPTION General...Provisions § 1468.8 Land eligibility provisions...of 1996 and if the land upon which the CFO conservation practice, will be...determined to be eligible land as determined by...

2012-01-01

464

7 CFR 1468.8 - Land eligibility provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OTHER OPERATIONS CONSERVATION FARM OPTION General...Provisions § 1468.8 Land eligibility provisions...of 1996 and if the land upon which the CFO conservation practice, will be...determined to be eligible land as determined by...

2013-01-01

465

25 CFR 168.10 - Conservation and land use provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Conservation and land use provisions. 168.10 Section 168...GRAZING REGULATIONS FOR THE HOPI PARTITIONED LANDS AREA § 168.10 Conservation and land use provisions. Grazing...

2009-04-01

466

25 CFR 168.10 - Conservation and land use provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Conservation and land use provisions. 168.10 Section 168...GRAZING REGULATIONS FOR THE HOPI PARTITIONED LANDS AREA § 168.10 Conservation and land use provisions. Grazing...

2010-04-01

467

25 CFR 168.10 - Conservation and land use provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Conservation and land use provisions. 168.10 Section 168...GRAZING REGULATIONS FOR THE HOPI PARTITIONED LANDS AREA § 168.10 Conservation and land use provisions. Grazing...

2013-04-01

468

40 CFR 63.1518 - Applicability of general provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Secondary Aluminum Production Other § 63.1518 Applicability of general provisions. The requirements of the general provisions in...

2012-07-01

469

42 CFR 425.208 - Provisions of participation agreement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Provisions of participation agreement. 425.208 Section 425...PROGRAM Application Procedures and Participation Agreement § 425.208 Provisions of participation agreement. (a) General...

2012-10-01

470

47 CFR 80.141 - General provisions for ship stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false General provisions for ship stations. 80.141 Section 80.141 ...Requirements and Procedures Special Procedures-Ship Stations § 80.141 General provisions for ship stations. (a) Points of...

2010-10-01

471

47 CFR 80.141 - General provisions for ship stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false General provisions for ship stations. 80.141 Section 80.141 ...Requirements and Procedures Special Procedures-Ship Stations § 80.141 General provisions for ship stations. (a) Points of...

2009-10-01

472

40 CFR 63.628 - Applicability of general provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Phosphate Fertilizers Production Plants § 63.628 Applicability of general provisions. The requirements of the general provisions in...

2013-07-01

473

49 CFR 661.21 - State Buy America provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false State Buy America provisions. 661.21 Section 661.21...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BUY AMERICA REQUIREMENTS § 661.21 State Buy America provisions. (a) Except as...

2012-10-01

474

49 CFR 661.21 - State Buy America provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false State Buy America provisions. 661.21 Section 661.21...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BUY AMERICA REQUIREMENTS § 661.21 State Buy America provisions. (a) Except as...

2011-10-01

475

49 CFR 661.21 - State Buy America provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false State Buy America provisions. 661.21 Section 661.21...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BUY AMERICA REQUIREMENTS § 661.21 State Buy America provisions. (a) Except as...

2010-10-01

476

49 CFR 661.21 - State Buy America provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false State Buy America provisions. 661.21 Section 661.21...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BUY AMERICA REQUIREMENTS § 661.21 State Buy America provisions. (a) Except as...

2009-10-01

477

Understanding social work in the home health care setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social work is one of the least understood services in home health care. Frequently, social work ers are limited to the provision of concrete services, such as linkage with community resources or long-term planning. Social workers are capable of providing a wide range of services beyond community resources, including short-term therapy and crisis intervention. Clear understand ing and interpretation of

Elaine Williams

1995-01-01

478

Do Social Network Characteristics Predict Mammography Screening Practices?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Many breast cancer outreach programs assume that dissemination of information through social networks and provision of social support will promote screening. The authors prospectively examined the relationship between social network characteristics and adherence to screening guidelines. Method: Employed women age 40 years and older…

Allen, Jennifer D.; Stoddard, Anne M.; Sorensen, Glorian

2008-01-01

479

Do Social Network Characteristics Predict Mammography Screening Practices?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Many breast cancer outreach programs assume that dissemination of information through social networks and provision of social support will promote screening. The authors prospectively examined the relationship between social network characteristics and adherence to screening guidelines. Method: Employed women age 40 years and older…

Allen, Jennifer D.; Stoddard, Anne M.; Sorensen, Glorian

2008-01-01

480

Do Social Network Characteristics Predict Mammography Screening Practices?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Many breast cancer outreach programs assume that dissemination of information through social networks and provision of social support will promote screening. The authors prospectively examined the relationship between social network characteristics and adherence to screening guidelines. Method: Employed women age 40 years and older completed baseline and 2-year follow-up assessments (N = 1,475) as part of an intervention trial.

Jennifer D. Allen; Anne M. Stoddard; Glorian Sorensen

2008-01-01

481

29 CFR 780.305 - 500 man-day provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2008-01-01 2006-07-01 true 500 man-day provision. 780.305 Section 780... Statutory Provisions § 780.305 500 man-day provision. (a) Section 3(u) of the Act defines man-day to mean âany day during which...

2008-01-01

482

29 CFR 780.305 - 500 man-day provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false 500 man-day provision. 780.305 Section 780... Statutory Provisions § 780.305 500 man-day provision. (a) Section 3(u) of the Act defines man-day to mean âany day during which...

2009-07-01

483

29 CFR 780.305 - 500 man-day provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false 500 man-day provision. 780.305 Section 780... Statutory Provisions § 780.305 500 man-day provision. (a) Section 3(u) of the Act defines man-day to mean âany day during which...

2010-07-01

484

29 CFR 780.305 - 500 man-day provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false 500 man-day provision. 780.305 Section 780... Statutory Provisions § 780.305 500 man-day provision. (a) Section 3(u) of the Act defines man-day to mean âany day during which...

2012-07-01

485

29 CFR 780.305 - 500 man-day provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false 500 man-day provision. 780.305 Section 780... Statutory Provisions § 780.305 500 man-day provision. (a) Section 3(u) of the Act defines man-day to mean âany day during which...

2011-07-01

486

External service provision in telecommunications networks using open interfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

The strict service provision model used in telecommunications is following new technological trends. The service provision architectures and the services characteristics of the Next Generation Networks are altered. Telecommunications networks can become open, allowing third parties to use their resources. This creates the prospect for the rapid and flexible provision of highly personalized services. Moreover, the business model is expanded,

Emmanuel S. Chaniotakis; Andreas E. Papadakis; Iakovos S. Venieris

2004-01-01

487

40 CFR 75.3 - General Acid Rain Program provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...17 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false General Acid Rain Program provisions. 75.3 Section 75.3 Protection...CONTINUOUS EMISSION MONITORING General § 75.3 General Acid Rain Program provisions. The provisions of part 72,...

2013-07-01

488

7 CFR 457.150 - Dry bean crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Dry bean crop insurance provisions. 457.150 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.150 Dry bean crop insurance provisions. The dry bean crop insurance provisions for the 2003...

2010-01-01

489

7 CFR 457.150 - Dry bean crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Dry bean crop insurance provisions. 457.150 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.150 Dry bean crop insurance provisions. The dry bean crop insurance provisions for the 2003...

2009-01-01

490

7 CFR 457.150 - Dry bean crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Dry bean crop insurance provisions. 457.150 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.150 Dry bean crop insurance provisions. The dry bean crop insurance provisions for the 2003...

2013-01-01

491

7 CFR 457.140 - Dry pea crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...otherwise provided by the Special Provisions or by written...licenses and permits for marketing contract seed peas...identified as a type in the Special Provisions. Windrow...date designated in the Special Provisions. (i...same crop year. (k) Whenever any...

2013-01-01

492

7 CFR 457.137 - Green pea crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Green pea crop insurance provisions. 457.137 Section...CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.137 Green pea crop insurance provisions. The Green Pea Crop Insurance Provisions for the 1998 and...

2010-01-01

493

Shortcomings in structural design provisions of IS 456 : 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fourth revision of the Indian standard code of practice for plain and reinforced concrete, IS 456 has made significant headway in the provisions related to concrete engineering. However, it is observed that most of the provisions related to reinforced concrete (RC) design engineering that were present in the third revision remain untouched. Even the few provisions that were added,

C. V C. V. R. Murty; R. Murty

2001-01-01

494

Information provision for adolescents with cancer.  

PubMed

Recent research has provided a detailed insight into what information cancer patients as a generic group require and we now understand that this requirement changes during the disease episode. This paper will focus on the information needs of adolescent cancer patients as little research has been done in this area and unlike every other group of cancer patients very little improvement in information provision and clinical outcomes for this small but important group of people has occurred over the past 20 years. Adolescents have specialised needs and have for too long been grouped either with young children or adults. This paper describes our current knowledge regarding their special needs and outlines future directions to facilitate equality in information provision for this group. PMID:21893704

Shillabeer, Anna

2011-01-01

495

Virtual Enterprises for Integrated Energy Service Provision  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Holistic Energy Service Provision has the potential to provide new business opportunities for Facility Management Companies, Building Managers, Energy Providers, Maintenance Providers and many other stakeholders currently working in the area of building design, construction, building operation, energy management, maintenance, etc. since customers wish to get access to all services related to energy supply, energy consumption and building services maintenance through a “one-stop-shop”.

Allan, Luke; Menzel, Karsten

496

Public goods provision, inequality and taxes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of redistributive policies on voluntary contributions is still not well understood. While a higher level of redistributive\\u000a taxation decreases the price of voluntary giving, it also changes the income distribution by decreasing income inequality.\\u000a This paper provides a controlled laboratory experiment to investigate the net impact of the tax rate on public goods provision.\\u000a The experimental findings show

Neslihan Uler

2011-01-01

497

Evaluation of Torsional Provisions in Seismic Codes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of plan asymmetry on the earthquake response of code-designed, one-story systems are identified with the objective of evaluating how well these effects are represented by torsional provisions in building codes. The earthquake-induced deformations and ductility demands on resisting elements of asymmetric-plan systems, designed according to several different codes, are compared with their values if the system plan were

Anil K. Chopra; Rakesh K. Goel

1991-01-01

498

Social absorption and social individuation: Dutch validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social absorption (SA) and social individuation (SI) are two dimensions that may help understand and predict the quality of\\u000a interpersonal experiences and relationships (Ickes, Hutchison, & Mashek, 2004). A Dutch translation of the SA and SI scales\\u000a was validated with a circumplex of interpersonal adjective scales, vulnerability factors to depression and attachment style\\u000a dimensions among a sample of 429 Flemish

Steve de Schutter; Rolf van Geel; Hein Lodewijkx; Peter Verboon

2009-01-01

499

Growth of the Proprietary Sector in Social Welfare: A Challenge to the Social Policy Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapid growth of the proprietary sector in the provision of social services traditionally administered under non-profit or government auspices creates a problem and challenge for teachers of social policy. Instructors need to interpret this new trend, without much literature support, to a group of students with increasing potential for…

Ortiz, Elizabeth T.

500

Where has social housing gone? Politics, housing need and social housing construction in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the changing geography of social housing supply in England since the passing of the 1988 Housing Act. This Act marked a key transition point in national housing policy, as it transferred primary responsibility for social housing provision from local authorities to housing associations. Examining construction rates for every lower?tier local authority in the nation, the question

Keith Hoggart

1999-01-01