Sample records for social provisions scale

  1. [The scale of social provisions: their validation in Quebec].

    PubMed

    Caron, J

    1996-01-01

    This article presents the results of the Quebec validation of the Social Provisions Scale (Cutrona et Russell, 1989). L'échelle de provision sociales was administered to 790 people on the course of two studies. The first one included 387 university students of first level and the second was realized with 266 people from the general population, 79 welfare recipients and 58 persons with a diagnosis related to psychosis. The results show that the scale presents a good internal coherence and a satisfying temporal stability, thus assuring the fidelity of the instrument. The factorial analyses have not reproduced exactly the same profile as the original instrument, however the moderate correlations between the different social provisions sustain the validity of the multidimensional construct of social support. Moreover, analyses of the variance and the discriminating analysis allow to acknowledge that the sub-scales have a high discriminating power; they allow to distinguish the general population from welfare recipients and people suffering from psychosis. Finally, norms are presented for the general population. PMID:9052268

  2. Diversity, Social Goods Provision, and Performance in the Firm

    E-print Network

    Ellison, Sara

    2010-08-31

    The last decade has seen a growing interest among economists on the effect of diversity on the provision of social goods and the stock of social capital. Indeed, in the workplace, cooperation, trust, and other social goods ...

  3. Sociality as a natural mechanism of public goods provision.

    PubMed

    Berkman, Elliot T; Lukinova, Evgeniya; Menshikov, Ivan; Myagkov, Mikhail

    2015-01-01

    In the recent literature, several hypotheses have been offered to explain patterns of human behavior in social environments. In particular, these patterns include 'prosocial' ones, such as fairness, cooperation, and collective good provision. Psychologists suggest that these prosocial behaviors are driven not by miscalculations, but by salience of social identity, in-group favoritism, emotion, or evolutionary adaptations. This paper imports psychology scholarship into an economic model and results in a sustainable solution to collective action problems without any external enforcement mechanisms. This natural mechanism of public goods provision is created, analyzed, and observed in a controlled laboratory environment using experimental techniques. PMID:25790099

  4. Sociality as a Natural Mechanism of Public Goods Provision

    PubMed Central

    Berkman, Elliot T.; Lukinova, Evgeniya; Menshikov, Ivan; Myagkov, Mikhail

    2015-01-01

    In the recent literature, several hypotheses have been offered to explain patterns of human behavior in social environments. In particular, these patterns include ‘prosocial’ ones, such as fairness, cooperation, and collective good provision. Psychologists suggest that these prosocial behaviors are driven not by miscalculations, but by salience of social identity, in-group favoritism, emotion, or evolutionary adaptations. This paper imports psychology scholarship into an economic model and results in a sustainable solution to collective action problems without any external enforcement mechanisms. This natural mechanism of public goods provision is created, analyzed, and observed in a controlled laboratory environment using experimental techniques. PMID:25790099

  5. Minimizing content provisioning cost in heterogeneous Social Wireless Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mahmoud Taghizadeh; Subir Biswas

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces an optimal cooperative caching policy for minimizing electronic content provisioning cost in Social Wireless Networks (SWNET). The SWNETs are typically formed by a collection of mobile devices, such as data enabled phones, net-books, electronic book readers etc., sharing common interests in electronic content, and physically gathering in settings such as University campuses, work places, malls, airports, train

  6. Empathy and Social Support Provision in Couples: Social Support and the Need to Study the Underlying Processes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Inge Devoldre; Mark H. Davis; Lesley L. Verhofstadt; Ann Buysse

    2010-01-01

    Social support researchers and clinicians have repeatedly expressed the need to identify the antecedents of social support provision within close relationships. The aim of the present study is to investigate the extent to which individual differences in cognitive empathy (perspective taking) and affective empathy (empathic concern and personal distress) are predictive of social support provision in couples. Study 1 involved

  7. 20 CFR 243.5 - Assignment of a portion of an annuity paid under the social security overall minimum provision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...portion of an annuity paid under the social security overall minimum provision...portion of an annuity paid under the social security overall minimum provision...Railroad Retirement Act, the social security overall minimum...

  8. 20 CFR 243.5 - Assignment of a portion of an annuity paid under the social security overall minimum provision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...portion of an annuity paid under the social security overall minimum provision...portion of an annuity paid under the social security overall minimum provision...Railroad Retirement Act, the social security overall minimum...

  9. 20 CFR 243.5 - Assignment of a portion of an annuity paid under the social security overall minimum provision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...portion of an annuity paid under the social security overall minimum provision...portion of an annuity paid under the social security overall minimum provision...Railroad Retirement Act, the social security overall minimum...

  10. 20 CFR 243.5 - Assignment of a portion of an annuity paid under the social security overall minimum provision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...portion of an annuity paid under the social security overall minimum provision...portion of an annuity paid under the social security overall minimum provision...Railroad Retirement Act, the social security overall minimum...

  11. 45 CFR 287.105 - What provisions of the Social Security Act govern the NEW Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2013-10-01...provisions of the Social Security Act...105 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF...ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES...NATIVE EMPLOYMENT WORKS (NEW) PROGRAM...provisions of the Social Security Act...

  12. 45 CFR 287.105 - What provisions of the Social Security Act govern the NEW Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01...provisions of the Social Security Act...105 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF...ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES...NATIVE EMPLOYMENT WORKS (NEW) PROGRAM...provisions of the Social Security Act...

  13. 45 CFR 287.105 - What provisions of the Social Security Act govern the NEW Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2012-10-01...provisions of the Social Security Act...105 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF...ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES...NATIVE EMPLOYMENT WORKS (NEW) PROGRAM...provisions of the Social Security Act...

  14. 45 CFR 287.105 - What provisions of the Social Security Act govern the NEW Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2014-10-01...provisions of the Social Security Act...105 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF...ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES...NATIVE EMPLOYMENT WORKS (NEW) PROGRAM...provisions of the Social Security Act...

  15. 45 CFR 287.105 - What provisions of the Social Security Act govern the NEW Program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    45 Public Welfare 2 2011-10-01...provisions of the Social Security Act...105 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF...ADMINISTRATION FOR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES...NATIVE EMPLOYMENT WORKS (NEW) PROGRAM...provisions of the Social Security Act...

  16. The widow(er)'s limit provision of Social Security.

    PubMed

    Weaver, D A

    Widow benefits have been a part of the Social Security program since the 1939 amendments to the Social Security Act (widower benefits were added later). For many years, the Social Security law called for paying a widow(er) a fraction of the deceased worker's primary insurance amount (PIA). However, the worker--while alive--may have received the full PIA as his or her retirement benefit. Over time, arguments were made that a widow(er) should be treated as generously as his or her spouse was. The 1972 amendments to the Social Security Act allowed for a widow(er) to receive a full PIA, subject to actuarial reductions if the widow(er) benefit was claimed before the normal retirement age (NRA) and subject to a new provision of the law commonly referred to as the widow(er)'s limit. Generally, the widow(er)'s limit specifies that if a worker received reduced retirement benefits (because the worker claimed benefits before the NRA), then the worker's widow(er) cannot receive a monthly benefit equal to the full PIA. Rather, the widow(er)'s benefit is generally limited to the amount the worker would receive if he or she was still alive. The limit provision appears to be motivated by the overall intent of the 1972 Congress to pay a benefit to a widow(er) that was comparable with what the worker received. A number of changes to the limit provision have been discussed. This article looks at the following options: Abolishing the limit, Raising the limit by requiring that it never be set below the average PIA among all retired-worker beneficiaries. Adjusting the limit for some widow(er)s--that is, only persons who are widowed before the NRA (the ARLA option), Making a simpler adjustment to the limit by abolishing it for persons who are widowed before age 62 (the SARLA option), and A proposal by Robert J. Myers that would make modest adjustments to the limit for cases in which the worker died before the NRA. The most fundamental change--abolishing the limit--would increase benefits for about 2.8 million widow(er)s and would cost about $3.1 billion a year. Most of the additional government expenditures would not go to the poor and the near poor. Another change would be more successful in aiding low-income widow(er)s: requiring that the limit amount never be set below the average PIA among all retired-worker beneficiaries. About 58 percent of the government expenditures from that option would be received by the poor and the near poor. Overall, 1.2 million widow(er)s would be helped, and the cost would be about $816 million a year. Although the limit provision is consistent with the overall intent of the 1972 Congress, it can have effects that may have been unintended and that some policymakers might consider unusual. Persons who delay receipt of Social Security benefits usually receive higher monthly benefit amounts, but a widow(er) who faces a limit cannot increase his or her monthly benefit through delayed receipt of benefits. Thus, many persons who are widowed before the NRA face strong incentives to claim benefits early. That is somewhat unusual because the actuarial adjustments under Social Security are approximately fair, so there are no cost savings to the Social Security program from "forcing" a widow(er) to claim early benefits as opposed to allowing him or her to delay receipt of benefits in exchange for a higher monthly amount. And many widow(er)s would be better off if they could use the Social Security program to, in effect, save (that is, delay receipt of benefits in exchange for a higher amount later). This article analyzes two other options that would provide widow(er)s with additional filing options under Social Security. The ARLA option would ultimately help about 229,000 widow(er)s, and the cost would be small (about $69 million a year). The SARLA option would help about 117,000 widow(er)s, and the cost would be about $41 million a year. Robert J. Myers, a former Chief Actuary of Social Security, has offered a proposal that would provide relief from the widow(er)'s limit in cases in which the worker dies shortl

  17. Integration of Health and Social Services Provision Review of Current Practice List of Initiatives

    E-print Network

    Mottram, Nigel

    -558324 The Rapid Response Team in the City of Aberdeen is a multi-disciplinary crisis intervention team set up Provision ­ Review of Current Practice List of Initiatives Page 2 of 106 687 Joint Training ProgrammeIntegration of Health and Social Services Provision ­ Review of Current Practice List

  18. Neighbourhood Provision of Food and Alcohol Retailing and Social Deprivation in Urban New Zealand

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jamie Pearce; Peter Day; Karen Witten

    2008-01-01

    Recent research has considered whether a range of social and physical characteristics of residential neighbourhoods are important in explaining social and spatial inequalities in health. One strand of this research has investigated the role of neighbourhood access to retail provision of healthy and affordable food. In this national study we used Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to examine the association between

  19. Service provision and functional independence in depressed stroke patients and the effect of social work intervention on these

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D Towle; N B Lincoln; L M Mayfield

    1989-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To compare the provision of health and social services between a social work intervention and non-intervention group. DESIGN Depressed stroke patients were randomly assigned to either an intervention or non-intervention group. Over a 4 month period both groups were visited three times by an independent assessor who rated them on service provision and functional independence. SETTING Patients' homes. PATIENTS

  20. Scaling up: Assessing social impacts at the macro-scale

    SciTech Connect

    Schirmer, Jacki, E-mail: jacki.schirmer@anu.edu.a

    2011-04-15

    Social impacts occur at various scales, from the micro-scale of the individual to the macro-scale of the community. Identifying the macro-scale social changes that results from an impacting event is a common goal of social impact assessment (SIA), but is challenging as multiple factors simultaneously influence social trends at any given time, and there are usually only a small number of cases available for examination. While some methods have been proposed for establishing the contribution of an impacting event to macro-scale social change, they remain relatively untested. This paper critically reviews methods recommended to assess macro-scale social impacts, and proposes and demonstrates a new approach. The 'scaling up' method involves developing a chain of logic linking change at the individual/site scale to the community scale. It enables a more problematised assessment of the likely contribution of an impacting event to macro-scale social change than previous approaches. The use of this approach in a recent study of change in dairy farming in south east Australia is described.

  1. Social Security Amendments of 1977: legislative history and summary of provisions.

    PubMed

    Snee, J; Ross, M

    1978-03-01

    This article describes the legislative history of the Social Security Amendments of 1977 and contains a summary of the amendments. The major provisions revise the benefit structure so that future replacement rates--initial benefits as a percent of previous earnings--will be relatively stable and revise the tax structure to restore the financial soundness of the program in the short range and into the 21st century. Other significant provisions include: An increased special minimum benefit for long-term workers with future automatic adjustment to prices; a minimum benefit frozen at the December 1978 level (roughly $121) with automatic adjustment only for those on the rolls; a higher retirement test exempt amount of beneficiaries aged 65 and over; an annual measure of "quarter of coverage" and other changes in annual wage reporting provisions; and authorization for agreements with foreign countries for limited coordination between social security systems. PMID:635735

  2. Supporting a Holistic Adult Literacy Program: The Provision of a Clinical Social Worker

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Lex; Jones, Elizabeth

    2009-01-01

    This study investigates the provision of a clinical social worker (CSW) in an adult literacy agency and focuses upon the impact on the learners, tutors, and organization. We conducted interviews with agency personnel, the CSW, a sample of learners, and a funding representative. Then we undertook inductive thematic analysis of the data. The results…

  3. Social Work and the Uniform Accident and Sickness Policy Provision Law: A Pilot Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cochran, Gerald; Davis, King

    2012-01-01

    The Uniform Accident and Sickness Policy Provision Law (UPPL) is a statute existing in 26 states that permits health insurance companies to deny payment for claims made by individuals who have sustained injuries as a result of drug or alcohol use. This law presents a series of complicated clinical and ethical dilemmas for social workers and other…

  4. The Nefarious Helping Hand: Anti-Corruption Campaigns, Social Service Provision, and Terrorism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Justin Magouirk

    2008-01-01

    This article offers a novel contribution to the terrorism literature by using mathematical modeling and case studies to demonstrate how terrorist and extremist groups can utilize social service provision activities and anti-corruption campaigns instead of violent activities to gain support.The basic argument of the model is that terrorist groups will try to gain support by promising that they will be

  5. Experimental Economics in Transportation: A Focus on Social Influences and the Provision of Information

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    Experimental Economics in Transportation: A Focus on Social Influences and the Provision of rationality. However, there is a long history in behavioral economics of raising serious questions about rationality. Behavioral economics has made inroads in transportation in the areas of survey design, prospect

  6. Ethnicizing Poverty through Social Security Provision in Rural Hungary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwarcz, Gyongyi

    2012-01-01

    Rural poverty has become an increasingly ethnicised category for the majority society in contemporary Hungary. The article aims to explore the process and practice of social exclusion and ethnicisation in relation to mutual effects of post-socialist welfare restructuring and changing discourse on poverty in the post-socialist rural reality. The…

  7. Scaling Online Social Networks without Pains

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Josep M. Pujol; Georgos Siganos; Vijay Erramilli; Pablo Rodriguez

    Online Social Networks (OSN) face serious scalability chal- lenges due to their rapid growth and popularity. To address this issue we present a novel approach to scale up OSN called One Hop Replication (OHR). Our system combines par- titioning and replication in a middleware to transparently scale up a centralized OSN design, and therefore, avoid the OSN application to undergo

  8. Communities and Hospitals: Social Capital, Community Accountability, and Service Provision in U.S. Community Hospitals

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Shoou-Yih D; Chen, Wendy L; Weiner, Bryan J

    2004-01-01

    Objectives The study related community social capital to the level of community accountability and provision of community-oriented services in U.S. community hospitals. Study Setting The sample included 1,383 community hospitals that participated in the 1997 American Hospital Association's (AHA) Hospital Annual and Governance Surveys. Data Sources (1) The 1997 AHA Annual Hospital Survey, (2) the 1997 AHA Hospital Governance Survey, (3) the DDB Needham Market Facts Survey, (4) the 1996 County Election Data File, and (5) the 1998 Area Resource File. Research Design The study used a mix of longitudinal and cross-sectional data. Key Findings We identified two distinct indicators of social capital—community participation and voting participation. Community accountability in hospitals was unrelated to either indicator. Hospitals' provision of community-oriented health services was negatively associated with community participation but unrelated with voting participation. The interaction between voting participation and community representation on hospital governance was positively associated with community accountability and provision of community-oriented health services. Conclusion Neither community participation nor voting participation was sufficient to influence hospital behavior. The positive finding associated with the interaction between voting participation and community representation on hospital governance underscored the importance of an active political culture in influencing hospital behavior, without which the installation of community representatives on hospital governance might be more symbolic than actually serving the health concerns of community residents. PMID:15333119

  9. The Impact of Support Received and Support Provision on Changes in Perceived Social Support among Older Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyler, Kimberly A.

    2006-01-01

    The current study uses longitudinal data from the 1993 U.S. Midwest floods to examine the influence of support received and support provision on changes in perceived social support among older adults exposed to an acute stressor. Results indicated that flood exposure and higher levels of social support at Time 1 were positively associated with…

  10. The Dutch Social Interaction Anxiety Scale and the Social Phobia Scale: Reliability, Validity, and Clinical Utility

    PubMed Central

    Tielen, Deirdre; Wollmann, Lisa

    2014-01-01

    The social interaction anxiety scale (SIAS) and the social phobia scale (SPS) assess anxiety in social interactions and fear of scrutiny by others. This study examines the psychometric properties of the Dutch versions of the SIAS and SPS using data from a large group of patients with social phobia and a community-based sample. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the SIAS is unidimensional, whereas the SPS is comprised of three subscales. The internal consistency of the scales and subscales was good. The concurrent and discriminant validity was supported and the scales were well able to discriminate between patients and community-based respondents. Cut-off values with excellent sensitivity and specificity are presented. Of all self-report measures included, the SPS was the most sensitive for treatment effects. Normative data are provided which can be used to assess whether clinically significant change has occurred in individual patients. PMID:24701560

  11. The expanded social outlook in municipal recreation agency leisure service provision and delivery in the United States

    E-print Network

    Day, Roberta Ann

    1978-01-01

    of major problems. The emphasis scans to be on greater social accountability since the provision of "fun" programs without social purpose can no longer be justifiable in the face of stiff ccmpetiticm for dwindling tax dollars. Prapcemts of the various... are not likely to approve bend issues or tax increases for local parks. They will develcp a serious interest in the perfonnance or effectiveness of leisure services to obtain the best value for their tax dollar. 7. Professianals have begun to redefine...

  12. Weighted kappa: Nominal scale agreement provision for scaled disagreement or partial credit

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jacob Cohen

    1968-01-01

    A previously described coefficient of agreement for nominal scales, kappa, treats all disagreements equally. A generalization to weighted kappa (Kw) is presented. The Kw provides for the incorpation of ratio-scaled degrees of disagreement (or agreement) to each of the cells of the k * k table of joint nominal scale assignments such that disagreements of varying gravity (or agreements of

  13. Social Desirability Scale Values of Locus of Control Items

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kestenbaum, Joel M.

    1976-01-01

    Subjects rated each item in Rotter's I-E Scale for its social desirability value. Social desirability scale values (SDSV) of paired items were compared with one another. Results indicate that paired items are not similar in their SDSV, thus enabling subjects to respond on the basis of social desirability. (Author/DEP)

  14. Development and Assessment of the Social Issues Advocacy Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nilsson, Johanna E.; Marszalek, Jacob M.; Linnemeyer, Rachel M.; Bahner, Angela D.; Misialek, Leah Hanson

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the development and the initial psychometric evaluation of the Social Issues Advocacy Scale in two studies. In the first study, an exploratory factor analysis (n = 278) revealed a four-factor scale, accounting for 71.4% of the variance, measuring different aspects of social issue advocacy: Political and Social Advocacy,…

  15. Breaking barriers: addressing structural obstacles to social service provision for Asian survivors of domestic violence.

    PubMed

    Lee, Mihan

    2013-11-01

    Many studies have attributed the disproportionately high rate of domestic violence in Asian communities to Asian patriarchal "cultural norms" and the psychological and behavioral traits that these norms produce in individuals. This article seeks to expand the scope of domestic violence analysis beyond these individual and cultural frameworks, arguing that Asian domestic violence is also a product of larger scale, social systems of inequality. By examining the funding criteria of the Family Violence Prevention Services Administration (FVPSA) and the Quality-Adjusted Life Year (QALY) standard used by Robin Hood, my research shows how state and private organizations systematically devalue and underfund minority-targeted programs. PMID:24367062

  16. Provisioning a Multi-Tiered Data Staging Area for Extreme-Scale Machines

    SciTech Connect

    Prabhakar, Ramya A [ORNL; Vazhkudai, Sudharshan S [ORNL; Kim, Youngjae [ORNL; Butt, Ali R [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Li, Min [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Kandemir, Mahmut [Pennsylvania State University

    2011-01-01

    Massively parallel scientific applications, running on extreme-scale supercomputers, produce hundreds of terabytes of data per run, driving the need for storage solutions to improve their I/O performance. Traditional parallel file systems (PFS) in high performance computing (HPC) systems are unable to keep up with such high data rates, creating a storage wall. In this work, we present a novel multi-tiered storage architecture comprising hybrid node-local resources to construct a dynamic data staging area for extreme-scale machines. Such a staging ground serves as an impedance matching device between applications and the PFS. Our solution combines diverse resources (e.g., DRAM, SSD) in such a way as to approach the performance of the fastest component technology and the cost of the least expensive one. We have developed an automated provisioning algorithm that aids in meeting the checkpointing performance requirement of HPC applications, by using a least-cost storage configuration. We evaluate our approach using both an implementation on a large scale cluster and a simulation driven by six-years worth of Jaguar supercomputer job-logs, and show that our approach, by choosing an appropriate storage configuration, achieves 41.5% cost savings with only negligible impact on performance.

  17. Community Mental Health Ideology Scale: Social work norms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nolan E. Penn; Frank Baker; Herbert C. Schulberg

    1976-01-01

    The present study reports mean scores obtained by two groups of professionals deeply involved in the community mental health movement on the Community Mental Health Ideology Scale. Professional social workers and social work graduate students were not included in the scale makers original criterion group. The high mean scores obtained by these groups led the authors to the conclusion that

  18. Social Networking at Scale Sanjeev Kumar

    E-print Network

    Koppelman, David M.

    Infrastructure #12;Traditional websites Bob Bob's data Julie Julie's data Dan Dan's data Beth Beth's data Sue Sue to my interests? Or that my friends are going to? #12;Social Graph Cont'd System Implications of Social.g. Timeline surfaces some of the older photos System Implications Build for flexibility (avoid premature

  19. Developing a "Social Presence Scale" for E-Learning Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilic Cakmak, Ebru; Cebi, Ayça; Kan, Adnan

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the current study is to develop a "social presence scale" for e-learning environments. A systematic approach was followed for developing the scale. The scale was applied to 461 students registered in seven different programs at Gazi University. The sample was split into two subsamples on a random basis (n1 = 261; n2 =…

  20. Measuring Social Desirability: Short Forms of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donald G. Fischer; Carol Fick

    1993-01-01

    A practical difficulty with the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (SDS) is its length. Preferring a shorter measure of social desirability, researchers have devised a number of short forms of the SDS. The present study used confirmatory factor analysis to establish the adequacy of these subscales in measuring social desirability. Results showed that (a) of the six short forms of SDS

  1. Relationship between the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-Classroom Edition and the Vineland Social Maturity Scales.

    PubMed

    Britton, W H; Eaves, R C

    1986-07-01

    Results of an investigation of the relationship between the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-Classroom Edition (Harrison, 1985) and its predecessor, the Vineland Social Maturity Scale (Doll, 1953) were presented. Subjects were both educable and trainable mentally retarded children. The concurrent validity of the two scales was moderate, r = .57 to .66. Of greater importance was the finding that the mean scores obtained from the newer instrument were significantly lower than the mean scores for the Vineland Social Maturity Scale. PMID:3740111

  2. Direct and Indirect Effects of Religiosity on Valuation of Life through Forgiveness and Social Provisions among Older Incarcerated Males

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Randall, G. K.; Bishop, Alex J.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose of the study: Few studies have investigated the influence of religiosity (REL), forgiveness, and social resources on incarcerated individuals' attachment to their lives, or valuation of life (VOL). We tested a model linking REL to VOL through 3 subscales of the Heartland Forgiveness Scale (Self, Others, and Situations) and social

  3. Honeycomb: Visual Analysis of Large Scale Social Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Ham, Frank; Schulz, Hans-Jörg; Dimicco, Joan M.

    The rise in the use of social network sites allows us to collect large amounts of user reported data on social structures and analysis of this data could provide useful insights for many of the social sciences. This analysis is typically the domain of Social Network Analysis, and visualization of these structures often proves invaluable in understanding them. However, currently available visual analysis tools are not very well suited to handle the massive scale of this network data, and often resolve to displaying small ego networks or heavily abstracted networks. In this paper, we present Honeycomb, a visualization tool that is able to deal with much larger scale data (with millions of connections), which we illustrate by using a large scale corporate social networking site as an example. Additionally, we introduce a new probability based network metric to guide users to potentially interesting or anomalous patterns and discuss lessons learned during design and implementation.

  4. EMPLOYER'S FIRST REPORT OF INJURY OR DISEASE The provision of your social security number is voluntary. Failure to provide it may result in an information processing delay.

    E-print Network

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    EMPLOYER'S FIRST REPORT OF INJURY OR DISEASE The provision of your social security number on page 2 for completing this form) Employee Name (First, Middle, Last) Social Security Number - - Sex M F Overnight as an In-Patient? Yes No Name and Address of Treating Practitioner and Hospital: Case Number from

  5. Brief Report: Chimpanzee Social Responsiveness Scale (CSRS) Detects Individual Variation in Social Responsiveness for Captive Chimpanzees.

    PubMed

    Faughn, Carley; Marrus, Natasha; Shuman, Jeremy; Ross, Stephen R; Constantino, John N; Pruett, John R; Povinelli, Daniel J

    2015-05-01

    Comparative studies of social responsiveness, a core impairment in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), will enhance our understanding of typical and atypical social behavior. We previously reported a quantitative, cross-species (human-chimpanzee) social responsiveness measure, which included the development of the Chimpanzee Social Responsiveness Scale (CSRS). Here, we augment our prior CSRS sample with 25 zoo chimpanzees at three sites: combined N = 54. The CSRS demonstrated strong interrater reliability, and low-ranked chimpanzees, on average, displayed higher CSRS scores. The CSRS continues to discriminate variation in chimpanzee social responsiveness, and the association of higher scores with lower chimpanzee social standing has implications for the relationship between autistic traits and human social status. Continued comparative investigations of social responsiveness will enhance our understanding of underlying impairments in ASD, improve early diagnosis, and inform future therapies. PMID:25312279

  6. Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A): Measuring Social Anxiety among Finnish Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ranta, Klaus; Junttila, Niina; Laakkonen, Eero; Uhmavaara, Anni; La Greca, Annette M.; Niemi, Paivi M.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate symptoms of social anxiety and the psychometric properties of the "Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents" (SAS-A) among Finnish adolescents, 13-16 years of age. Study 1 (n = 867) examined the distribution of SAS-A scores according to gender and age, and the internal consistency and factor structure of the…

  7. Social Exclusion in the Information Profession, and How LIS Journals Can Encourage Information Provision in a Wider Social Context.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashcroft, Linda

    Recent government initiatives to combat social exclusion within the United Kingdom have served to place librarians and libraries as prominent players in the movement to providing information over a wider social context. For example, The Peoples Network is a government initiative to connect all public libraries to the information superhighway by…

  8. Triadic closure dynamics drives scaling laws in social multiplex networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klimek, Peter; Thurner, Stefan

    2013-06-01

    Social networks exhibit scaling laws for several structural characteristics, such as degree distribution, scaling of the attachment kernel and clustering coefficients as a function of node degree. A detailed understanding if and how these scaling laws are inter-related is missing so far, let alone whether they can be understood through a common, dynamical principle. We propose a simple model for stationary network formation and show that the three mentioned scaling relations follow as natural consequences of triadic closure. The validity of the model is tested on multiplex data from a well-studied massive multiplayer online game. We find that the three scaling exponents observed in the multiplex data for the friendship, communication and trading networks can simultaneously be explained by the model. These results suggest that triadic closure could be identified as one of the fundamental dynamical principles in social multiplex network formation.

  9. Emory Bogardus and the Origins of the Social Distance Scale

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Colin Wark; John F. Galliher

    2007-01-01

    This article provides some history of sociology by focusing on the origins of the Bogardus Social Distance Scale. The scale\\u000a was developed by Emory Bogardus in 1924 and is still widely used in measuring prejudice. It has been translated into several\\u000a languages, and used in many countries in measuring attitudes toward a variety of groups. The authors use primary and

  10. Mobile Measurement of Behavioral and Social Health at Population Scale

    E-print Network

    tools embedded in vehicles, home, and other public infrastructure (e.g., airport scanner) ¨ Examples Deaths Smoking costs $193 billion/yr Stress costs $300 billion/yr #12;Need Population Scale Assessment 5 and Social Context } Stress from ECG and respiration } Physiological stress } Perceived stress } Smoking

  11. Emergence, evolution and scaling of online social networks.

    PubMed

    Wang, Le-Zhi; Huang, Zi-Gang; Rong, Zhi-Hai; Wang, Xiao-Fan; Lai, Ying-Cheng

    2014-01-01

    Online social networks have become increasingly ubiquitous and understanding their structural, dynamical, and scaling properties not only is of fundamental interest but also has a broad range of applications. Such networks can be extremely dynamic, generated almost instantaneously by, for example, breaking-news items. We investigate a common class of online social networks, the user-user retweeting networks, by analyzing the empirical data collected from Sina Weibo (a massive twitter-like microblogging social network in China) with respect to the topic of the 2011 Japan earthquake. We uncover a number of algebraic scaling relations governing the growth and structure of the network and develop a probabilistic model that captures the basic dynamical features of the system. The model is capable of reproducing all the empirical results. Our analysis not only reveals the basic mechanisms underlying the dynamics of the retweeting networks, but also provides general insights into the control of information spreading on such networks. PMID:25380140

  12. Emergence, Evolution and Scaling of Online Social Networks

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Le-Zhi; Huang, Zi-Gang; Rong, Zhi-Hai; Wang, Xiao-Fan; Lai, Ying-Cheng

    2014-01-01

    Online social networks have become increasingly ubiquitous and understanding their structural, dynamical, and scaling properties not only is of fundamental interest but also has a broad range of applications. Such networks can be extremely dynamic, generated almost instantaneously by, for example, breaking-news items. We investigate a common class of online social networks, the user-user retweeting networks, by analyzing the empirical data collected from Sina Weibo (a massive twitter-like microblogging social network in China) with respect to the topic of the 2011 Japan earthquake. We uncover a number of algebraic scaling relations governing the growth and structure of the network and develop a probabilistic model that captures the basic dynamical features of the system. The model is capable of reproducing all the empirical results. Our analysis not only reveals the basic mechanisms underlying the dynamics of the retweeting networks, but also provides general insights into the control of information spreading on such networks. PMID:25380140

  13. Access to Social Services: The Changing Urban Geography of Poverty and Service Provision

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Access to social services, especially for the poor, continues to concern numerous public policy scholars and practitioners. This recent 19-page report from the Brookings Institution (authored by Scott Allard, a professor at Brown University) takes a closer look at this phenomenon by looking at the metropolitan areas of Chicago, Los Angeles, and Washington, DC. Released in August 2004, the report notes that, on average, poor populations in urban centers have greater spatial access to social services than poor populations living in suburban areas. The report contains a number of additional findings, including the not-so surprising observation that the location of social service providers does not always match well to the changing demographics of cities. Allard concludes the work by noting that "We should pay closer attention to how spatial trends in employment, population, and support services converge to shape demand and needs of low-income populations in our metropolitan areas."

  14. Integrating social networks and human social motives to achieve social influence at scale

    PubMed Central

    Contractor, Noshir S.; DeChurch, Leslie A.

    2014-01-01

    The innovations of science often point to ideas and behaviors that must spread and take root in communities to have impact. Ideas, practices, and behaviors need to go from accepted truths on the part of a few scientists to commonplace beliefs and norms in the minds of the many. Moving from scientific discoveries to public good requires social influence. We introduce a structured influence process (SIP) framework to explain how social networks (i.e., the structure of social influence) and human social motives (i.e., the process of social influence wherein one person’s attitudes and behaviors affect another’s) are used collectively to enact social influence within a community. The SIP framework advances the science of scientific communication by positing social influence events that consider both the “who” and the “how” of social influence. This framework synthesizes core ideas from two bodies of research on social influence. The first is network research on social influence structures, which identifies who are the opinion leaders and who among their network of peers shapes their attitudes and behaviors. The second is research on social influence processes in psychology, which explores how human social motives such as the need for accuracy or the need for affiliation stimulate behavior change. We illustrate the practical implications of the SIP framework by applying it to the case of reducing neonatal mortality in India. PMID:25225373

  15. 22 CFR 96.49 - Provision of medical and social information in incoming cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Information about all of the child's past and current placements prior to adoption, including, but not limited to any social work or court reports on the child and any information on who assumed custody and provided care for the child; and...

  16. 22 CFR 96.49 - Provision of medical and social information in incoming cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Information about all of the child's past and current placements prior to adoption, including, but not limited to any social work or court reports on the child and any information on who assumed custody and provided care for the child; and...

  17. 22 CFR 96.49 - Provision of medical and social information in incoming cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Information about all of the child's past and current placements prior to adoption, including, but not limited to any social work or court reports on the child and any information on who assumed custody and provided care for the child; and...

  18. 22 CFR 96.49 - Provision of medical and social information in incoming cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Information about all of the child's past and current placements prior to adoption, including, but not limited to any social work or court reports on the child and any information on who assumed custody and provided care for the child; and...

  19. 22 CFR 96.49 - Provision of medical and social information in incoming cases.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Information about all of the child's past and current placements prior to adoption, including, but not limited to any social work or court reports on the child and any information on who assumed custody and provided care for the child; and...

  20. Drug Prevention for Young People with Social, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties Attending Special Education Provision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCrystal, Patrick

    2008-01-01

    The levels of drug use amongst school-aged young people have risen over the past decade. Prevention initiatives have been developed using empirical evidence obtained from school-based surveys. The empirical evidence base of drug use amongst young people with social, emotional and behavioural difficulties (SEBD) attending special education…

  1. The Needs and Provision Complexity Scale: a multicentre prospective cohort analysis of met and unmet needs and their cost implications for patients with complex neurological disability

    PubMed Central

    Turner-Stokes, Lynne; McCrone, Paul; Jackson, Diana M; Siegert, Richard John

    2013-01-01

    Objective To provide a brief overview of the Needs and Provision Complexity Scale (NPCS) and report its first application to describe the level of ‘met’ and ‘unmet’ health/social care needs, and to estimate their costs in community-based patients with complex neurological disability. Design A multicentre prospective cohort analysis. Setting Consecutive discharges to the community from the nine tertiary specialist inpatient neurorehabilitation units in London over 12?months (2010/2011). Participants Patients responding at follow-up (n=211). Mean age 50.2(SD14) years, males:females 127/84. Diagnosis 157(74%) brain injury, 27(13%) spinal cord injury/peripheral neuropathy; 27(13%) other. Primary outcome measure The NPCS is a brief, pragmatic, directly costable instrument for measuring both an individual's needs for rehabilitation and support (NPCS-Needs) and the levels of service provided (NPCS-Gets) within a given period. Methods The ‘NPCS-Needs’ was completed by the treating clinical team at discharge. Patients and/or their carers self-reported ‘NPCS-Gets’ after 6?months by a postal/online questionnaire supported by a follow-up telephone interview. Results Needs for medical/nursing care and accommodation were generally well met. Significant shortfalls in provision were identified in the subscales of Rehabilitation (paired t test: t ?9.7, p<0.001, effect size (ES)=?0.85), Social support (t ?5.8, p<0.001, ES=?0.48) and Equipment (t ?5.6, p<0.001, ES=?0.44). Item-level analysis demonstrated that the frequency of Personal care received exceeded predicted needs (Wilcoxon z=?3.3, p<0.001). In 80% of cases, this care was provided/paid for by families. Translated into mean costs/patient/year, the estimated underspends on Rehabilitation (?£2320) and Social support (?£1790) were exceeded >3.5-fold by excess costs of Personal care (£10?313) and Accommodation (£4296). Conclusions The results identify underprovision of community-based rehabilitation and support services compared with needs, which may contribute directly to excess care burden and costs to family carers. The NPCS requires further evaluation but has potential use as a simple, directly costable tool to inform both clinical decision-making and population-based service planning and delivery. PMID:23435796

  2. Social and Ecological Dynamics of Small-Scale Fisheries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stevens, K.; Kramer, D.; Frank, K.

    2012-12-01

    Globalization's reach is rapidly extending to touch some of the most remote communities of the world, but we have yet to understand its scale and impact. On Nicaragua's previously remote Miskitu Coast, the introduction of new markets and global demand for seafood has resulted in changes in fishermen's harvest behavior manifested within the local fishery. Small-scale fisheries are a significant component in sustaining global fish trade, ensuring food security, and alleviating poverty, but because the fishermen are disperse, numerous and located in remote areas, the social and ecological dynamics of the system are poorly understood. Previous work has indicated a decline in fish abundance as a result of connection to markets, yet fishermen's response to this decline and the resulting shift in harvest strategy requires further examination. I identify the ecological and social factors that explain changes in fishermen behavior and use an innovative application of social network analysis to understand these changes. I also use interviews with fishermen and fishery-dependent surveys to measure catch and release behavior and seasonal gear use. Results demonstrate multiple cliques within a community that mitigate the response of fishermen to changes in the fishery. This research applies techniques in social science to address challenges in sustainable management of fisheries. As fisheries managers consider implementing new regulations, such as seasonal restrictions on gear, it is essential to understand not just how this might impact fish abundance, but how and why human systems respond as they do.

  3. Exploring Undergraduate Student Attitudes toward Persons with Disabilities: Application of the Disability Social Relationship Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hergenrather, Kenneth; Rhodes, Scott

    2007-01-01

    The Disability Social Relations Generalized Disability (DSRGD) Scale was used to explore the influence of the social context on attitudes toward persons with disabilities. The DSRGD Scale was based on the Disability Social Relationship (DSR) Scale (Grand, Bernier, & Strohmer, 1982; Strohmer, Grand, & Purcell, 1984). A sample of 1,013 undergraduate…

  4. RESNA Wheelchair Service Provision Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arledge, Stan; Armstrong, William; Babinec, Mike; Dicianno, Brad E.; Digiovine, Carmen; Dyson-Hudson, Trevor; Pederson, Jessica; Piriano, Julie; Plummer, Teresa; Rosen, Lauren; Schmeler, Mark; Shea, Mary; Stogner, Jody

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the Wheelchair Service Provision Guide is to provide an appropriate framework for identifying the essential steps in the provision of a wheelchair. It is designed for use by all participants in the provision process including consumers, family members, caregivers, social service and health care professionals, suppliers,…

  5. Measuring Large-Scale Social Networks with High Resolution

    PubMed Central

    Stopczynski, Arkadiusz; Sekara, Vedran; Sapiezynski, Piotr; Cuttone, Andrea; Madsen, Mette My; Larsen, Jakob Eg; Lehmann, Sune

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the deployment of a large-scale study designed to measure human interactions across a variety of communication channels, with high temporal resolution and spanning multiple years—the Copenhagen Networks Study. Specifically, we collect data on face-to-face interactions, telecommunication, social networks, location, and background information (personality, demographics, health, politics) for a densely connected population of 1 000 individuals, using state-of-the-art smartphones as social sensors. Here we provide an overview of the related work and describe the motivation and research agenda driving the study. Additionally, the paper details the data-types measured, and the technical infrastructure in terms of both backend and phone software, as well as an outline of the deployment procedures. We document the participant privacy procedures and their underlying principles. The paper is concluded with early results from data analysis, illustrating the importance of multi-channel high-resolution approach to data collection. PMID:24770359

  6. Measuring large-scale social networks with high resolution.

    PubMed

    Stopczynski, Arkadiusz; Sekara, Vedran; Sapiezynski, Piotr; Cuttone, Andrea; Madsen, Mette My; Larsen, Jakob Eg; Lehmann, Sune

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the deployment of a large-scale study designed to measure human interactions across a variety of communication channels, with high temporal resolution and spanning multiple years-the Copenhagen Networks Study. Specifically, we collect data on face-to-face interactions, telecommunication, social networks, location, and background information (personality, demographics, health, politics) for a densely connected population of 1000 individuals, using state-of-the-art smartphones as social sensors. Here we provide an overview of the related work and describe the motivation and research agenda driving the study. Additionally, the paper details the data-types measured, and the technical infrastructure in terms of both backend and phone software, as well as an outline of the deployment procedures. We document the participant privacy procedures and their underlying principles. The paper is concluded with early results from data analysis, illustrating the importance of multi-channel high-resolution approach to data collection. PMID:24770359

  7. Social dominance and the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales.

    PubMed

    van der Westhuizen, Donné; Solms, Mark

    2015-05-01

    The tendency for cohabiting mammals to organise themselves into dominance hierarchies is a well-documented phenomenon and has consistently been linked to the activity of testosterone and cortisol. However, a systematic account of it within the "basic emotion" taxonomy proposed by Panksepp remains uncharted. The Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS), developed to measure the influence of basic affective systems on human temperamental variability, were used as a tool through which to dissociate incentives that promote social dominance from other personality stereotypes. 36 Males were assayed for baseline testosterone and cortisol. Dominance, conceptualised as an egocentric incentive for gaining social influence, was found to positively correlate with the testosterone: cortisol ratio but not with any existing subscales of the ANPS. While these findings suggest that trait dominance can be monitored as an independent personality variable according to a distinct bodily hormone pattern, whether this reflects a distinguishable synaptic-neuronal chemical profile remains unresolved. PMID:25550196

  8. The Development and Initial Validation of a Scale to Measure Social Fear.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raulin, Michael L.; Wee, Jennifer L.

    1984-01-01

    Developed a true-false scale to measure social fear, using procedures to maximize reliability and minimize response set bias (N=910). Interviews with selected subjects (N=44) confirmed that the scale measures social fear, and the scale was found to correlate with previously developed schizotypy scales (N=252). (Author/JAC)

  9. Can Autism Spectrum Disorders and Social Anxiety Disorders Be Differentiated by the Social Responsiveness Scale in Children and Adolescents?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cholemkery, Hannah; Mojica, Laura; Rohrmann, Sonja; Gensthaler, Angelika; Freitag, Christine M.

    2014-01-01

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as well as social phobia (SP), and selective mutism (SM) are characterised by impaired social interaction. We assessed the validity of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) to differentiate between ASD, and SP/SM. Raw scores were compared in 6-18 year old individuals with ASD (N = 60), SP (N = 38), SM (N = 43), and…

  10. Assessing Adolescent Social Competence Using the Social Responsiveness Scale: Should We Ask Both Parents or Will Just One Do?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearl, Amanda M.; Murray, Michael J.; Smith, Laura A.; Arnold, Mariah

    2013-01-01

    There is a paucity of instruments designed to measure social competence of adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. The Social Responsiveness Scale is one of a few that can be used. This study compared differences between mother and father reports of social competence of adolescents. Data were collected from parents of 50 adolescents with and…

  11. [Psychometric properties of a Multidimensional Scale of Social Expression to assess social skills in the Internet context].

    PubMed

    Carballo, José L; Pérez-Jover, Ma Virtudes; Espada, José P; Orgilés, Mireia; Piqueras, José Antonio

    2012-02-01

    The increase in the use of New Technologies in social relationships could be generating a new paradigm in social skills. Valid and reliable instruments to assess these changes are needed. The aim of this study is to analyze the psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Scale of Social Expression (EMES) in the assessment of social skills on the Internet and Social Networks. A total of 413 college students from the province of Alicante participated on this study. The scale was applied according to two contexts: Real and Internet/Virtual. High internal consistency was shown. The 12-factor structure found for the Virtual Context scale is similar to that of the original study. The scale had shown to be a good predictor of hours of Internet use. In conclusion, EMES-C is useful for assessing real context and Internet context social skills. PMID:22269374

  12. Provisioning a Multi-Tiered Data Staging Area for Extreme-Scale Machines

    E-print Network

    Butt, Ali R.

    configuration. We evaluate our approach using both an implementation on a large scale cluster and a simulation Computing (HPC) machines, especially for achiev- ing performance beyond the petascale, is a daunting task. In such post-petascale era, the imbalance between storage system performance and other system components

  13. Work allocations governed by social profiles for large scale heterogeneous infrastructure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Lavin; Brian Coglhan

    2011-01-01

    This paper outlines research in to resource allocation using software agents where allocations are influenced by social and economic backgrounds. Furthermore, it explores developing existing software agents to provision a multiple-agent system (MAS) where each agent is described and created based on a single text file and where the addition, reconfiguration and removal of agents is possible. Several heterogeneous computer

  14. Learning with Large-Scale Social Media Networks A Dissertation Presented in Partial Fulfillment

    E-print Network

    Liu, Huan

    Learning with Large-Scale Social Media Networks by Lei Tang A Dissertation Presented in Partial;Learning with Large-Scale Social Media Networks by Lei Tang has been approved July 2010 Graduate COLLEGE #12;ABSTRACT Social media such as blogs, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and Flickr enables people

  15. Social listening of City Scale Events using the Streaming Linked Data Framework

    E-print Network

    Palpanas, Themis

    the feasibility of our approach based on social listening. ­ We assess the pros and cons of implementing, deploying, using, and managing SLD for city-scale events listening based on social media (Section 6). 2Social listening of City Scale Events using the Streaming Linked Data Framework Marco Balduini1

  16. The Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and the Social Phobia Scale (SPS): a comparison of two short-form versions.

    PubMed

    Fergus, Thomas A; Valentiner, David P; Kim, Hyun-Soo; McGrath, Patrick B

    2014-12-01

    The widespread use of Mattick and Clarke's (1998) Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and Social Phobia Scale (SPS) led 2 independent groups of researchers to develop short forms of these measures (Fergus, Valentiner, McGrath, Gier-Lonsway, & Kim, 2012; Peters, Sunderland, Andrews, Rapee, & Mattick, 2012). This 3-part study examined the psychometric properties of Fergus et al.'s and Peters et al.'s short forms of the SIAS and SPS using an American nonclinical adolescent sample in Study 1 (N = 98), American patient sample with an anxiety disorder in Study 2 (N = 117), and both a South Korean college student sample (N = 341) and an American college student sample (N = 550) in Study 3. Scores on both sets of short forms evidenced adequate internal consistency, interitem correlations, and measurement invariance. Scores on Fergus et al.'s short forms, particularly their SIAS short form, tended to capture more unique variance in scores of criterion measures than did scores on Peters et al.'s short forms. Implications for the use of these 2 sets of short forms are discussed. PMID:24978134

  17. Beliefs about Research and Social Work Practice: A Systematic Psychometric Review of Scales.

    PubMed

    Gregory, Virgil L

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the author in this systematic psychometric review includes: providing social work researchers, educators, and administrators with a summary of descriptive psychometric information pertaining to scales which measure social workers' beliefs about research and social work practice, evaluating chronological changes in psychometric/statistical methodology, and summarizing the role current and future scale development efforts have in improving the use of evidence-based social work practice. Using predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria, electronic databases and reference lists of included studies were reviewed and coded for methodological and psychometric properties. Seventeen studies satisfied inclusion and exclusion criteria. Eleven unique scales measuring social worker beliefs regarding research and social work practice were identified. The majority of scales and subscales had Cronbach's alphas that exceeded .70. Most of the scales had evidence of content, factorial, construct, and/or criterion validity. Strategies for improving psychometric research and implications for evidence-based social work practice are discussed. PMID:25661901

  18. Fat provisioning in winter impairs egg production during the following spring: a landscape-scale study of blue tits.

    PubMed

    Plummer, Kate E; Bearhop, Stuart; Leech, David I; Chamberlain, Dan E; Blount, Jonathan D

    2013-05-01

    1. Provisioning of garden birds is a growing phenomenon, particularly during winter, but there is little empirical evidence of its true ecological impacts. One possibility is that winter provisioning could enhance subsequent breeding performance, but this seems likely to depend on the types of nutrients provided. For example, whereas effects of macronutrients such as fat are unlikely to be carried over to influence breeding in small passerines, micronutrients such as dietary vitamin E (an antioxidant) may be stored or have lasting health benefits. 2. Here, we examine the carry-over effects of winter food supplements on egg production in wild populations of blue tits (Cyanistes caeruleus). Over three consecutive years, birds were provisioned with fat, fat plus vitamin E or remained unfed (controls). 3. The provision of fat in winter resulted in smaller relative yolk mass in larger eggs and reduced yolk carotenoid concentrations in early breeders. However, these effects were not seen in birds provisioned with fat plus vitamin E. Lay date, clutch size, egg mass and yolk vitamin E concentrations were not significantly affected by winter provisioning treatment. 4. Our results indicate that winter provisioning can have important downstream consequences, in particular affecting investment in egg production several weeks or months later. 5. Provisioning is widely applied to support garden bird populations and for the conservation management of endangered species. However, our results challenge the assumption that such practices are always beneficial at the population level and emphasize how the ecological impacts can depend on the specific nutritional profile of provisioned foods. PMID:23383593

  19. The Social Commitment of Brazilian Managers: The Concept, a Scale, and an Empirical Study of Corporate Social Responsibility

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Filipe Almeida; Filipe Sobral

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the attitudes of Brazilian managers toward Corporate Social Responsibility, defined as their willingness to simultaneously meet the economic, legal, and ethical commitments that bind business companies to society. A Managers' Social Commitment Index (SCI) is proposed and a new scale is presented and confirmed as a reliable research instrument in a field

  20. Development of a scale to measure the social and psychological effects of severe dental anxiety: social attributes of the Dental Anxiety Scale.

    PubMed

    Kent, G; Rubin, G; Getz, T; Humphris, G

    1996-12-01

    This paper describes the development of a scale designed to measure the extent to which severe dental anxiety or phobia affects patients' social wellbeing outside of the dental setting. Items initially selected on the basis of clinical experience were administered to two groups: 78 patients seeking help for severe anxiety and 88 patients attending the general clinic of a dental hospital. Items on the scale discriminated between these two groups and also between patients who were reluctant to attend even when experiencing symptoms and those who attend more regularly. Although the scale correlated moderately well with Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale, factor analysis indicated that its items assess the effects of severe anxiety on the two domains of psychological reactions and social inhibition as they occur as indirect effects of dental care. The scale could be included in assessments designed to measure the social and psychological effects of severe dental anxiety. PMID:9007356

  1. Test Review: "Social Responsiveness Scale" by J. N. Constantino and C. P. Gruber

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Booker, Kimberly Wilson; Starling, LaRonda

    2011-01-01

    Published by Western Psychological Services, the "Social Responsiveness Scale" (SRS; Constantino & Gruber, 2005) was designed to assess abilities and deficits in social reciprocity. In particular, it was designed to assess subthreshold levels and severity of social impairment, a key marker of pervasive developmental disorders. The SRS may be…

  2. The Negative Self-Portrayal Scale: Development, Validation, and Application to Social Anxiety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David A. Moscovitch; Vanessa Huyder

    2011-01-01

    The Negative Self-Portrayal Scale (NSPS) is a new questionnaire designed to assess the extent to which individuals are concerned that specific self-attributes they view as being deficient will be exposed to scrutiny and evaluation by critical others in social situations. These concerns have been proposed to drive symptoms of social anxiety and account for individual differences in social fears and

  3. Human Rights Engagement and Exposure: New Scales to Challenge Social Work Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McPherson, Jane; Abell, Neil

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: Advancing human rights is a core competency of U.S. social work education; yet, human rights attitudes and behaviors have never been measured in the social work literature. Thus, this article describes the development and initial validation of two scales, Human Rights Engagement in Social Work (HRESW) and Human Rights Exposure in…

  4. Psychometric Characteristics of the California Preschool Social Competence Scale in a Spanish Population Sample

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Julvez, Jordi; Forns, Maria; Ribas-Fito, Nuria; Mazon, Carlos; Torrent, Maties; Garcia-Esteban, Raquel; Ellison-Loschmann, Lis; Sunyer, Jordi

    2008-01-01

    Research Findings: Few rating scales measure social competence in very young Spanish or Catalan children. We aimed to analyze the psychometric characteristics of the California Preschool Social Competence Scale (CPSCS) when applied to a Spanish- and Catalan-speaking population. Children were rated by their respective teachers within 6 months…

  5. Atrophy in distinct corticolimbic networks in frontotemporal dementia relates to social impairments measured using the Social Impairment Rating Scale.

    PubMed

    Bickart, Kevin C; Brickhouse, Michael; Negreira, Alyson; Sapolsky, Daisy; Barrett, Lisa Feldman; Dickerson, Bradford C

    2014-04-01

    Patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) often exhibit prominent, early and progressive impairments in social behaviour. We developed the Social Impairment Rating Scale (SIRS), rated by a clinician after a structured interview, which grades the types and severity of social behavioural symptoms in seven domains. In 20 FTD patients, we used the SIRS to study the anatomic basis of social impairments. In support of hypotheses generated from a prior study of healthy adults, we found that the relative magnitude of brain atrophy in three partially dissociable corticolimbic networks anchored in the amygdala predicted the severity of distinct social impairments measured using the SIRS. Patients with the greatest atrophy in a mesolimbic, reward-related (affiliation) network exhibited the most severe socioemotional detachment, whereas patients with the greatest atrophy in an interoceptive, pain-related (aversion) network exhibited the most severe lack of social apprehension. Patients with the greatest atrophy in a perceptual network exhibited the most severe lack of awareness or understanding of others' social and emotional behaviour. Our findings underscore observations that FTD is associated with heterogeneous social symptoms that can be understood in a refined manner by measuring impairments in component processes subserved by dissociable neural networks. Furthermore, these findings support the validity of the SIRS as an instrument to measure the social symptoms of patients with FTD. Ultimately, we hope it will be useful as a longitudinal outcome measure in natural history studies and in clinical trials of putative interventions to improve social functioning. PMID:24133285

  6. Measuring Social Capital Investment: Scale Development and Examination of Links to Social Capital and Perceived Stress

    PubMed Central

    Wegner, Rhiana; Gong, Jie; Fang, Xiaoyi; Kaljee, Linda

    2014-01-01

    Individuals with greater social capital have better health outcomes. Investment in social capital likely increases one’s own social capital, bearing great implications for disease prevention and health promotion. In this study, the authors developed and validated the Social Capital Investment Inventory (SCII). Direct effects of social capital investment on perceived stress, and indirect effects through social capital were examined. 397 Participants from Beijing and Wuhan, China completed surveys. Analyses demonstrated that the SCII has a single factor structure and strong internal consistency. Structural equation modeling showed that individuals who invested more in social capital had greater bonding social capital, and subsequently less perceived stress. Results suggest that disease prevention and health promotion programs should consider approaches to encourage social capital investment; individuals may be able to reduce stress by increasing their investment in social capital. Future research is needed to provide additional empirical support for the SCII and observed structural relationships. PMID:25648725

  7. [Social capital in rural areas: adaptation to Spanish and factor validation of a scale].

    PubMed

    Fernández Niño, Julián Alfredo; Pinzón Flórez, Carlos Eduardo; Moreno Montoya, José; Cepeda Gil, Magda Cristiana; Idrovo Velandia, Alvaro Javier

    2014-07-01

    Social capital is considered a structural determinant of social development and wellbeing. Its cognitive component assesses the degree of confidence of the population in their systems for social organization, as well as community interactions to coordinate social responses to social problems. There are few available scales for measuring this construct. This work presents the adaptation to Spanish and psychometric validation of a scale for measuring social capital in a rural setting. The Wang Social Cognitive Scale was also adapted to Spanish. 1200 questionnaires were applied to adults in 12 villages of the municipality of Tierra Alta, (Colombia) recruited by random sampling. Factor analysis of the scale was performed based on a polychoric correlation matrix. Exploratory factor analysis suggests the existence of two principal factors distributed as follows: 7 items for factor 1, trust (eigenvalue 3.23) and 2 items, for factor 2, distrust (eigenvalue 1.40). As observed by Wang, Q9 and Q10 could be ambiguous questions which do not contribute enough to either of the factors. The first factor validation to Spanish language of the Wang Social Capital Scale is presented in the social context of rural Colombia. PMID:25014299

  8. School Renewal on a Grand Scale: Managing Complex Initiatives To Restructure Local Provision of Schooling in England.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, Mike

    Strategies for initiating and sustaining complex education change, as reported in this paper, entail coordinated interaction across administrative levels of public education systems. Efforts to change schooling in England have included initiatives to downsize and reconfigure the provision of state-funded education. These efforts have created…

  9. Multidimensional, Threshold Effects of Social Support in Firefighters: Is More Support Invariably Better?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Varvel, Shiloh Jordan; He, Yuhong; Shannon, Jennifer K.; Tager, David; Bledman, Rashanta A.; Chaichanasakul, Adipat; Mendoza, Monique M.; Mallinckrodt, Brent

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between social support (Social Provisions Scale) and stress (Perceived Stress Scale) in a sample of male firefighters in a midwestern community (N=53). The authors assessed 5 types of perceived support from 2 sources: peer firefighters and supervisors. Results indicate that reassurance of worth and social

  10. Multidimensional, Threshold Effects of Social Support in Firefighters: Is More Support Invariably Better?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shiloh Jordan Varvel; Yuhong He; Jennifer K. Shannon; David Tager; Rashanta A. Bledman; Adipat Chaichanasakul; Monique M. Mendoza; Brent Mallinckrodt

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between social support (Social Provisions Scale) and stress (Perceived Stress Scale) in a sample of male firefighters in a midwestern community (N = 53). The authors assessed 5 types of perceived support from 2 sources: peer firefighters and supervisors. Results indicate that reassurance of worth and social integration support from supervisors had the strongest negative

  11. Predicting product adoption in large-scale social networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rushi Bhatt; Vineet Chaoji; Rajesh Parekh

    2010-01-01

    Online social networks offer opportunities to analyze user behavior and social connectivity and leverage resulting insights for effective online advertising. We study the adoption of a paid product by members of a large and well-connected Instant Messenger (IM) network. This product is important to the business and poses unique challenges to advertising due to its low baseline adoption rate. We

  12. Understanding multimedia content using web scale social media data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dong Xu; Lei Zhang; Jiebo Luo

    2010-01-01

    Nowadays, increasingly rich and massive social media data (such as texts, images, audios, videos, blogs, and so on) are being posted to the web, including social networking websites (e.g., MySpace, Facebook), photo and video sharing websites (e.g., Flickr, YouTube), and photo forums (e.g., Photosig.com and Photo.net). Recently, researchers from multidisciplinary areas have proposed to use data-driven approaches for multimedia content

  13. Parallel Computation of Large-Scale Nonlinear Network Problems in the Social and Economic Sciences

    E-print Network

    Nagurney, Anna

    In this paper we focus on the parallel computation of large - scale equilibrium and optimization problems arising in the social and economic sciences. In particular, we consider problems which can be visualized and ...

  14. Village-Scale Practices and Water Sources in Indigenous Mexico after the Neoliberalizing of Social Property

    E-print Network

    Kelly, John K.

    2013-05-31

    To establish whether social property villages ("núcleos agrarios") in indigenous, well-watered parts of Mexico are maintaining the same degree of village-scale control of water sources that they practiced before the ...

  15. Measuring Student Learning in Social Justice Courses: The Diversity and Oppression Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Windsor, Liliane Cambraia; Shorkey, Clay; Battle, DuWayne

    2015-01-01

    The Diversity and Oppression Scale (DOS) is a standardized instrument measuring self-reported student learning about diversity and oppression based on requirements of the Council on Social Work Education. DOS was tested with social work students in 2 major North American universities. Factor structure was examined using exploratory factor analysis…

  16. Preliminary development of a scale of social support: Studies on college students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Manuel Barrera; Irwin N. Sandler; Thomas B. Ramsay

    1981-01-01

    Growing research interest in social support underscores the need for reliable and valid measures of this concept. It is argued that measures that assess what indivMuals actually do by way of providing support make unique contributions to our understanding of natural helping processes. A 40item scale, the Inventory of Socially Supportive Behaviors (ISSB), was developed in which respondents report the

  17. Assessing Social Competence and Behavior Problems in a Sample of Italian Preschoolers Using the Social Competence and Behavior Evaluation Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sette, Stefania; Baumgartner, Emma; MacKinnon, David P.

    2015-01-01

    Research Findings: The main goals of this study were to examine the factor validity of the Social Competence and Behavior Evaluation (SCBE-30) scale using exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis and to test factor invariance across gender in a sample of Italian preschool-age children (241 boys, 252 girls). The concurrent…

  18. Equality in the Provision of Social, Personal and Health Education in the Republic of Ireland: The Case of Homophobic Bullying?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Higgins-Norman, James

    2008-01-01

    In 2000, the Government of the Republic of Ireland introduced a syllabus for second-level schools (12-15 years) in Social Personal and Health Education (SPHE). Within this SPHE syllabus there is a significant component on Relationships and Sexuality Education (RSE). In terms of diversity and equality it is questionable to what extent this newly…

  19. Scale mismatches, conservation planning, and the value of social-network analyses.

    PubMed

    Guerrero, Angela M; McAllister, Ryan R J; Corcoran, Jonathan; Wilson, Kerrie A

    2013-02-01

    Many of the challenges conservation professionals face can be framed as scale mismatches. The problem of scale mismatch occurs when the planning for and implementation of conservation actions is at a scale that does not reflect the scale of the conservation problem. The challenges in conservation planning related to scale mismatch include ecosystem or ecological process transcendence of governance boundaries; limited availability of fine-resolution data; lack of operational capacity for implementation; lack of understanding of social-ecological system components; threats to ecological diversity that operate at diverse spatial and temporal scales; mismatch between funding and the long-term nature of ecological processes; rate of action implementation that does not reflect the rate of change of the ecological system; lack of appropriate indicators for monitoring activities; and occurrence of ecological change at scales smaller or larger than the scale of implementation or monitoring. Not recognizing and accounting for these challenges when planning for conservation can result in actions that do not address the multiscale nature of conservation problems and that do not achieve conservation objectives. Social networks link organizations and individuals across space and time and determine the scale of conservation actions; thus, an understanding of the social networks associated with conservation planning will help determine the potential for implementing conservation actions at the required scales. Social-network analyses can be used to explore whether these networks constrain or enable key social processes and how multiple scales of action are linked. Results of network analyses can be used to mitigate scale mismatches in assessing, planning, implementing, and monitoring conservation projects. PMID:23305381

  20. Spatial scale and social impacts of biofuel production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dan van der Horst; Saskia Vermeylen

    2011-01-01

    The prospect of biofuels going ‘mainstream’ has drawn more attention to the social impacts of the production and use of transport biofuels. Since 2007, many media stories have appeared about alleged negative impacts of biofuels, notably the price of food going up or land-grab by plantation developers. These stories stand in stark contrast with the rosy picture painted by some

  1. Assessment of the effects of forest land use strategies on the provision of ecosystem services at regional scale.

    PubMed

    Fürst, Christine; Frank, Susanne; Witt, Anke; Koschke, Lars; Makeschin, Franz

    2013-09-01

    This paper presents results of a case study in Middle Saxony, Germany, where the impact of conversion, afforestation and alternatively introduction of short rotation coppice areas on the provision of ecosystem services was tested in a spatially inexplicit and a spatially explicit way to formulate recommendations for regional planning. While the spatially inexplicit testing did not lead to clear results regarding to what degree forests or short rotation coppice areas are desirable and applicable, the spatially explicit testing revealed that an increase in the forest area or area with short rotation coppice by 29.7% in unstructured agriculturally dominated Loess regions, 14.4% in more topographically structured parts in the North-East of the model region and 23.6% in its mountainous parts would be beneficial. Potentially resulting losses in the provision of bioresources and regional economy can be considerably reduced by replacing afforestation areas with short rotation coppice. In summary, we found that the spatially explicit analysis of land use scenarios in combination with a more detailed land use classification and including an assessment of changes in land use pattern gave us an improved basis for assessing different possible planning strategies and to enhance the communication between forest management planners and regional planners. PMID:23158524

  2. Criterion validity of the Holden Psychological Screening Inventory Social Symptomatology scale in a prison sample.

    PubMed

    Book, A S; Knap, M A; Holden, R R

    2001-06-01

    The 36-item, self-report Holden Psychological Screening Inventory (HPSI; R. R. Holden, 1996) and the Psychopathy Checklist--Revised (PCL-R; R. D. Hare, 1991) were administered to 214 male, adult prison inmates in Canadian federal correctional facilities. The 12-item HPSI Social Symptomatology scale, a measure of antisocial behavior, demonstrated a large effect size in significantly differentiating between PCL-R-identified psychopaths and nonpsychopaths. HPSI scales not theoretically related to psychopathic behavior showed no such significant effects. Findings are interpreted as supporting the criterion validity of the Social Symptomatology scale and suggest that this brief, self-report screen has research and clinical merit. PMID:11433799

  3. Social Web-Scale Provenance in the Cloud

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yogesh Simmhan; Karthik Gomadam

    2010-01-01

    The lower barrier to entry for users to create and share resources\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009through applications like Facebook and Twitter, and the commoditization\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009of social Web data has heightened issues of privacy, attribution,\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009and copyright. These make it important to track the provenance of\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009social Web data. We outline and discuss key engineering, privacy,\\u000d\\u000a\\u0009and monetization challenges in collecting and analyzing provenance

  4. The Social Orienting Continuum and Response Scale (SOC-RS): A Dimensional Measure for Preschool-Aged Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mosconi, Matthew W.; Reznick, J. Steven; Mesibov, Gary; Piven, Joseph

    2009-01-01

    Children with autism show deficits in social referencing, joint attention, orienting to their names, and social smiling as early as the first year of life. The present study describes the development of the Social Orienting Continuum and Response Scale (SOC-RS), a quantitative scale assessing each of these behaviors during the course of…

  5. Reliability and validity of the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale in clinical use

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric J. Peters; Mark J. Hilsenroth; Erin M. Eudell-Simmons; Matthew D. Blagys; Leonard Handler

    2006-01-01

    The authors examined the reliability and convergent validity of the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale (SCORS) when used to measure relational narratives and self-statements expressed to clinicians during clinicians sessions. Ninety patients admitted to short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy were rated by clinicians on the SCORS, DSM-IV Axis V Global Assessment of Functioning Scale, Global Assessment of Relational Functioning Scale, and

  6. SCADS: Scale-Independent Storage for Social Computing Applications

    E-print Network

    Armbrust, Michael; Patterson, David; Lanham, Nick; Trushkowsky, Beth; Trutna, Jesse; Oh, Haruki

    2009-01-01

    Collaborative web applications such as Facebook, Flickr and Yelp present new challenges for storing and querying large amounts of data. As users and developers are focused more on performance than single copy consistency or the ability to perform ad-hoc queries, there exists an opportunity for a highly-scalable system tailored specifically for relaxed consistency and pre-computed queries. The Web 2.0 development model demands the ability to both rapidly deploy new features and automatically scale with the number of users. There have been many successful distributed key-value stores, but so far none provide as rich a query language as SQL. We propose a new architecture, SCADS, that allows the developer to declaratively state application specific consistency requirements, takes advantage of utility computing to provide cost effective scale-up and scale-down, and will use machine learning models to introspectively anticipate performance problems and predict the resource requirements of new queries before executi...

  7. Multi-Scale Compositionality: Identifying the Compositional Structures of Social Dynamics Using Deep Learning

    PubMed Central

    Peng, Huan-Kai; Marculescu, Radu

    2015-01-01

    Objective Social media exhibit rich yet distinct temporal dynamics which cover a wide range of different scales. In order to study this complex dynamics, two fundamental questions revolve around (1) the signatures of social dynamics at different time scales, and (2) the way in which these signatures interact and form higher-level meanings. Method In this paper, we propose the Recursive Convolutional Bayesian Model (RCBM) to address both of these fundamental questions. The key idea behind our approach consists of constructing a deep-learning framework using specialized convolution operators that are designed to exploit the inherent heterogeneity of social dynamics. RCBM’s runtime and convergence properties are guaranteed by formal analyses. Results Experimental results show that the proposed method outperforms the state-of-the-art approaches both in terms of solution quality and computational efficiency. Indeed, by applying the proposed method on two social network datasets, Twitter and Yelp, we are able to identify the compositional structures that can accurately characterize the complex social dynamics from these two social media. We further show that identifying these patterns can enable new applications such as anomaly detection and improved social dynamics forecasting. Finally, our analysis offers new insights on understanding and engineering social media dynamics, with direct applications to opinion spreading and online content promotion. PMID:25830775

  8. Can autism spectrum disorders and social anxiety disorders be differentiated by the social responsiveness scale in children and adolescents?

    PubMed

    Cholemkery, Hannah; Mojica, Laura; Rohrmann, Sonja; Gensthaler, Angelika; Freitag, Christine M

    2014-05-01

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as well as social phobia (SP), and selective mutism (SM) are characterised by impaired social interaction. We assessed the validity of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) to differentiate between ASD, and SP/SM. Raw scores were compared in 6-18 year old individuals with ASD (N = 60), SP (N = 38), SM (N = 43), and typically developed (N = 42). Sensitivity and specificity were examined. The three disorders showed overlapping SRS scores. Especially in boys with SM (ROC-AUC = .81), presence of ASD was overestimated by the SRS. A combination of three disorder specific questionnaires resulted in marginally improved diagnostic accuracy. For the clinically very relevant differential diagnosis of SP/SM, SRS results must be interpreted with caution. PMID:24682652

  9. Social scale and structural complexity in human languages

    PubMed Central

    Nettle, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    The complexity of different components of the grammars of human languages can be quantified. For example, languages vary greatly in the size of their phonological inventories, and in the degree to which they make use of inflectional morphology. Recent studies have shown that there are relationships between these types of grammatical complexity and the number of speakers a language has. Languages spoken by large populations have been found to have larger phonological inventories, but simpler morphology, than languages spoken by small populations. The results require further investigation, and, most importantly, the mechanism whereby the social context of learning and use affects the grammatical evolution of a language needs elucidation. PMID:22641821

  10. The provision of and need for social support among adult and pediatric patients with tuberculosis in Lima, Peru: a qualitative study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Tuberculosis (TB) remains a significant public health problem in Peru, causing an estimated 35,000 new cases each year, 6.7% of whom are co-infected with HIV. Social support mechanisms are key in influencing health-seeking behavior, adherence, and overall patient wellbeing in clinical settings. We examine the types of social support received by TB patients and parents of pediatric patients in peri-urban Lima, Peru, to understand its role in patients’ psychosocial wellbeing during treatment. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted between August 2004 and May 2005 among 43 individuals: 19 adults with TB, 8 adults with TB/HIV, 13 parents of pediatric TB patients, and 3 parents of pediatric TB/HIV patients. Results Patients described the need for psychosocial support to mitigate the difficulty of continually going to the clinic to take medications, tending to other family or professional responsibilities while on treatment, and confronting stigma and social isolation within their community. Family members most often contributed to meeting these psychosocial needs, and were also crucial in providing economic support to patients faced with burdensome medical expenses or who were forced to leave their jobs due to being on treatment. Most healthcare personnel were described as key providers of emotional support and encouragement for patients to successfully adhere to treatment, however there were a select few doctors whose “scare tactics” seemingly discouraged patient adherence. During the treatment process, patients described being more socially withdrawn as a result of feeling fatigued from their medications, however most participants also described forming new mutually supportive friendships among their fellow patients. Conclusions Despite the general reluctance of patients to disclose their disease status, patients received a significant amount of psychosocial support from both family members to whom they disclosed, and from positive interactions with healthcare providers. High levels of depression were reported, with many patients voicing need for improved and more frequent psychological interventions. To improve the Peru TB program, participants suggested extending educational opportunities to patients’ families and the wider community, increasing the existing amount of nutritional support, and programmatic provision of vocational activities to increase economic opportunities. PMID:23899353

  11. Toward Large-Scale Face Recognition Using Social Network Context

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zak Stone; Todd Zickler; Trevor Darrell

    2010-01-01

    Personal photographs are being captured in digital form at an accelerating rate, and our computational tools for searching, browsing, and sharing these photos are struggling to keep pace. One promising approach is automatic face recognition, which would allow photos to be organized by the identities of the individuals they contain. However, achieving accurate recognition at the scale of the Web

  12. Open Large-Scale Online Social Network Dyn

    E-print Network

    Corlette, Daniel James

    2012-07-16

    whose features are very similar to sites such as Facebook and Myspace yet smaller in scale as to be practical for a research setting. The event driven sampling methodology and analysis of the resulting network model provide insights for other researchers...

  13. Emergence of scale-free close-knit friendship structure in online social networks

    E-print Network

    Cui, Ai-xiang; Tang, Ming; Fu, Yan

    2012-01-01

    The structures of online social networks have attracted considerable attention in recent years, but the close-knit friendship structures are still in question. In this study, we mainly concentrate on how these mesoscale structures are influenced by both global and local structure properties. We first empirically analyze the structure properties of several large-scale online social networks, and find that both local structures (i. e., indegree, outdegree, and reciprocal degree) and mesoscale structures (i. e., close-knit friendship structures) show scale-free properties. Surprisingly, indegree, outdegree, and reciprocal degree distributions in local-scale follow almost the same power law, and the distributions of four close-knit friendship structures in mesoscale display the same scaling law. To explain this fully, we propose a simplified directed network model with external reciprocation and internal evolution processes. Through rate equation analysis, the local-scale and mesoscale structure properties are de...

  14. Ethnographic Approaches to Understanding Social Sustainability in Small-scale Water Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wutich, A.

    2011-12-01

    Social sustainability is an important, but often neglected, aspect of determining the success of small-scale water systems. This paper reviews ethnographic approaches for understanding how indigenous knowledge enhances social sustainability of small-scale water systems, particularly in small-scale water systems threatened by water scarcity. After reviewing the literature on common-pool and traditional resource management strategies, the paper will focus on the case of a community-managed small-scale water system in Cochabamba, Bolivia. This study uses ethnographic evidence to demonstrate how indigenous institutions can be used to manage a small-scale urban water system sustainably. Several factors were crucial to the institution's success. First, indigenous residents had previous experience with common management of rural irrigation systems which they were able to adapt for use in an urban environment. Second, institutional rules were designed to prioritize the conservation of the water source. Third, indigenous Andean social values of uniformity, regularity, and transparency ensured that community members perceived the system as legitimate and complied with community rules. Fourth, self-governance enabled community members to quickly adapt to changing environmental conditions, such as seasonal scarcity and groundwater overdraft. The paper concludes with a discussion of the promise and limitations of ethnographic approaches and indigenous knowledge for understanding social sustainability in small-scale water systems.

  15. Measuring social functions of city regions from large-scale taxi behaviors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guande Qi; Xiaolong Li; Shijian Li; Gang Pan; Zonghui Wang; Daqing Zhang

    2011-01-01

    City-scale human mobility analysis is an important problem in pervasive computing. In this paper, with qualitative and quantitative analysis, we establish and confirm the rela- tionship between the get-on\\/off characteristics of taxi passengers and the social function of city regions. We find that get-on\\/off amount in a region can depict the social activity dynamics in that area, i.e. the temporal

  16. Identifying overlapping communities in social networks using multi-scale local information expansion

    E-print Network

    Li, Hui-Jia; Liu, Zhi-Ping; Chen, Luonan; Zhang, Xiang-Sun

    2015-01-01

    Most existing approaches for community detection require complete information of the graph in a specific scale, which is impractical for many social networks. We propose a novel algorithm that does not embrace the universal approach but instead of trying to focus on local social ties and modeling multi-scales of social interactions occurring in those networks. Our method for the first time optimizes the topological entropy of a network and uncovers communities through a novel dynamic system converging to a local minimum by simply updating the membership vector with very low computational complexity. It naturally supports overlapping communities through associating each node with a membership vector which describes node's involvement in each community. This way, in addition to uncover overlapping communities, we can also describe different multi-scale partitions by tuning the characteristic size of modules from the optimal partition. Because of the high efficiency and accuracy of the algorithm, it is feasible ...

  17. Scale indicators of social exchange relationships: a comparison of relative content validity.

    PubMed

    Colquitt, Jason A; Baer, Michael D; Long, David M; Halvorsen-Ganepola, Marie D K

    2014-07-01

    Although social exchange theory has become one of the most oft-evoked theories in industrial and organizational psychology, there remains no consensus about how to measure its key mechanism: social exchange relationships (Blau, 1964). Drawing on Cropanzano and Byrne's (2000) review of contemporary social exchange theorizing, we examined the content validity of perceived support, exchange quality, affective commitment, trust, and psychological contract fulfillment as indicators of social exchange relationships. We used Hinkin and Tracey's (1999) quantitative approach to content validation, which asks participants to rate the correspondence between scale items and definitions of intended (and unintended) constructs. Our results revealed that some of the most frequently utilized indicators of social exchange relationships--perceived support and exchange quality--were significantly less content valid than rarely used options like affect-based trust. Our results also revealed that 2 direct measures--Bernerth, Armenakis, Feild, Giles, and Walker's (2007) scale and a scale created for this study--were content valid. We discuss the implications of these results for future applications of social exchange theory. PMID:24708267

  18. Functional traits as indicators of fodder provision over a short time scale in species-rich grasslands

    PubMed Central

    Ansquer, Pauline; Duru, Michel; Theau, Jean Pierre; Cruz, Pablo

    2009-01-01

    Background and Aims Fodder provision in species-rich grasslands, i.e. herbage growth, proportion of leaf, and leaf and stem digestibility, is difficult to predict for short periods of time, such as between two defoliations or less. The value of two methods based on plant traits for evaluating these agronomic properties was examined. Methods One method is based on plant trait measurements on the plant community (leaf dry matter content, plant height, flowering date); the other is on vegetation composition expressed as plant functional types (acquisitive versus conservative PFTs) established by measuring leaf dry matter content on pure grass stands. The experiment consisted of 18 fields with three different defoliation regimes (combinations of cutting and grazing) and two levels of fertilization. To establish a growth curve over the first growth cycle, herbage was sampled about 10 times in spring. Key Results Coefficients of correlation between agronomic properties of the vegetation and its functional composition were higher when the latter was assessed through PFT and an indicator of the plant nutrient status (Ni) instead of measured plant traits. The date at which the ceiling yield occurred for the standing herbage mass or only the leaf component, which varied by up to 500 degree-days between treatments, and the leaf proportion, depended entirely on the PFT, and largely so for the leaf digestibility. The standing herbage mass at the time of ceiling yield depended only on Ni, or mainly so in the case of the daily herbage growth rate. Similar plant digestibility between plant communities was found at flowering time, although there were big differences in PFT composition. The shape of the growth curve was flatter when there was great functional diversity in the plant community. Conclusions The PFT composition and the Ni were more reliable than the plant functional traits measured in the field for evaluating herbage growth pattern and digestibility in spring. PMID:18974100

  19. Managing Large-Scale Workflow Execution from Resource Provisioning to Provenance tracking: The CyberShake Example

    E-print Network

    Deelman, Ewa

    institutions in the United States and several other countries. As a VO, SCEC has created its own production , Nitin Gupta2, , Vipin Gupta2, ,Thomas H. Jordan2 , Carl Kesselman1 , Philip Maechling2 , John Mehringer2_graves@urscorp.com Abstract This paper discusses the process of building an environment where large-scale, complex, scientific

  20. The Use of Online Social Networks by Polish Former Erasmus Students: A Large-Scale Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryla, Pawel

    2014-01-01

    There is an increasing role of online social networks in the life of young Poles. We conducted a large-scale survey among Polish former Erasmus students. We have received 2450 completed questionnaires from alumni of 115 higher education institutions all over Poland. 85.4% of our respondents reported they kept in touch with their former Erasmus…

  1. The Reliability and Validity of the Social Responsiveness Scale in a UK General Child Population

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wigham, Sarah; McConachie, Helen; Tandos, Jonathan; Le Couteur, Ann S.

    2012-01-01

    This is the first UK study to report the reliability, validity, and factor structure of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) in a general population sample. Parents of 500 children (aged 5-8 years) in North East England completed the SRS. Profiles of scores were similar to USA norms, and a single factor structure was identified. Good construct…

  2. The Assessment of the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale on TAT and Interview Data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ruth Inslegers; Stijn Vanheule; Reitske Meganck; Virginie Debaere; Eline Trenson; Mattias Desmet; Bjorn Roelstraete

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the reliability and convergent validity of 2 versions of the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale (SCORS), one for use with Thematic Apperception Test narratives (SCORS–TAT; Westen, 1990) and one for use with clinical interview data (SCORS–CDI; Westen, Barends, Leigh, Mendel, & Silbert, 1990). Four SCORS dimensions were evaluated. Data were collected in a psychiatric sample (N

  3. Psychometric Properties of the Chinese Version of the Social Responsiveness Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gau, Susan Shur-Fen; Liu, Li-Ting; Wu, Yu-Yu; Chiu, Yen-Nan; Tsai, Wen-Che

    2013-01-01

    This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Social Responsiveness Scale (Chinese SRS). We assessed 1419 grade 1 to grade 8 students from northern Taiwan and 401 clinic-based participants (aged 3-20, male 90.3%). All clinic-based participants were clinically diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs),…

  4. Fruit and vegetable shopping practices and social support scales: a validation

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the psychometric characteristics of new scales of shopping practices and social support for purchasing fruits and vegetables. DESIGN: Participants were recruited in front of diverse grocery stores. Telephone data collection was done on 2 occasions, separated by 6 weeks. PARTICIP...

  5. Emergence of scale-free leadership structure in social recommender systems.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Tao; Medo, Matúš; Cimini, Giulio; Zhang, Zi-Ke; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

    2011-01-01

    The study of the organization of social networks is important for the understanding of opinion formation, rumor spreading, and the emergence of trends and fashion. This paper reports empirical analysis of networks extracted from four leading sites with social functionality (Delicious, Flickr, Twitter and YouTube) and shows that they all display a scale-free leadership structure. To reproduce this feature, we propose an adaptive network model driven by social recommending. Artificial agent-based simulations of this model highlight a "good get richer" mechanism where users with broad interests and good judgments are likely to become popular leaders for the others. Simulations also indicate that the studied social recommendation mechanism can gradually improve the user experience by adapting to tastes of its users. Finally we outline implications for real online resource-sharing systems. PMID:21857891

  6. Validation of Scores on the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale and the Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leite, Walter L.; Beretvas, S. Natasha

    2005-01-01

    The Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (MCSDS), the most commonly used social desirability bias (SDB) assessment, conceptualizes SDB as an individual's need for approval. The Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding (BIDR) measures SDB as two separate constructs: impression management and self-deception. Scores on SDB scales are commonly…

  7. Investigating the Clinical Usefulness of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) in a Tertiary Level, Autism Spectrum Disorder Specific Assessment Clinic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aldridge, Fiona J.; Gibbs, Vicki M.; Schmidhofer, Katherine; Williams, Megan

    2012-01-01

    The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS; Constantino and Gruber in Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS). Western Psychological Services, Los Angeles, 2005) is a commonly used screening tool for identifying children with possible autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study investigated the relationship between SRS scores and eventual diagnostic outcome…

  8. Managing large-scale workflow execution from resource provisioning to provenance tracking: The CyberShake example

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Deelman, E.; Callaghan, S.; Field, E.; Francoeur, H.; Graves, R.; Gupta, N.; Gupta, V.; Jordan, T.H.; Kesselman, C.; Maechling, P.; Mehringer, J.; Mehta, G.; Okaya, D.; Vahi, K.; Zhao, L.

    2006-01-01

    This paper discusses the process of building an environment where large-scale, complex, scientific analysis can be scheduled onto a heterogeneous collection of computational and storage resources. The example application is the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) CyberShake project, an analysis designed to compute probabilistic seismic hazard curves for sites in the Los Angeles area. We explain which software tools were used to build to the system, describe their functionality and interactions. We show the results of running the CyberShake analysis that included over 250,000 jobs using resources available through SCEC and the TeraGrid. ?? 2006 IEEE.

  9. Cross-Informant Agreement for Ratings for Social Skill and Problem Behavior Ratings: An Investigation of the Social Skills Improvement System--Rating Scales

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gresham, Frank M.; Elliott, Stephen N.; Cook, Clayton R.; Vance, Michael J.; Kettler, Ryan

    2010-01-01

    One of the most consistent findings in rating scale research with children and adolescents is the modest agreement among different informants' ratings. The present study systematically explored patterns of agreement among teachers, parents/caregivers, and students in domains of social skills and problem behaviors using the Social Skills…

  10. Utility of the "Social Communication Questionnaire-Current" and "Social Responsiveness Scale" as Teacher-Report Screening Tools for Autism Spectrum Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schanding, G. Thomas, Jr.; Nowell, Kerri P.; Goin-Kochel, Robin P.

    2012-01-01

    Limited research exists regarding the role of teachers in screening for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The current study examined the use of the "Social Communication Questionnaire" (SCQ) and "Social Responsiveness Scale" (SRS) as completed by parents and teachers about school-age children from the Simons Simplex Collection. Using the…

  11. Clinical validation of a non-heteronormative version of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS)

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Despite welcomed changes in societal attitudes and practices towards sexual minorities, instances of heteronormativity can still be found within healthcare and research. The Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) is a valid and reliable self-rating scale of social anxiety, which includes one item (number 14) with an explicit heteronormative assumption about the respondent´s sexual orientation. This heteronormative phrasing may confuse, insult or alienate sexual minority respondents. A clinically validated version of the SIAS featuring a non-heteronormative phrasing of item 14 is thus needed. Methods 129 participants with diagnosed social anxiety disorder, enrolled in an Internet-based intervention trial, were randomly assigned to responding to the SIAS featuring either the original or a novel non-heteronormative phrasing of item 14, and then answered the other item version. Within-subject, correlation between item versions was calculated and the two scores were statistically compared. The two items’ correlations with the other SIAS items and other psychiatric rating scales were also statistically compared. Results Item versions were highly correlated and scores did not differ statistically. The two items’ correlations with other measures did not differ statistically either. Conclusions The SIAS can be revised with a non-heteronormative formulation of item 14 with psychometric equivalence on item and scale level. Implications for other psychiatric instruments with heteronormative phrasings are discussed. PMID:24354964

  12. Validation of the German Version of the Social Functioning Scale (SFS) for Schizophrenia

    PubMed Central

    Iffland, Jona R.; Lockhofen, Denise; Gruppe, Harald; Gallhofer, Bernd; Sammer, Gebhard; Hanewald, Bernd

    2015-01-01

    Deficits in social functioning are a core symptom of schizophrenia and an important criterion for evaluating the success of treatment. However, there is little agreement regarding its measurement. A common, often cited instrument for assessing self-reported social functioning is the Social Functioning Scale (SFS). The study aimed to investigate the reliability and validity of the German translation. 101 patients suffering from schizophrenia (SZ) and 101 matched controls (C) (60 male / 41 female, 35.8 years in both groups) completed the German version. In addition, demographic, clinical, and functional data were collected. Internal consistency was investigated calculating Cronbach’s alpha for SFS full scale (?: .81) and all subscales (?: .59-.88). Significant bivariate correlation coefficients were found between all subscales as well as between all subscales and full scale (p <.01). For the total sample, principal component analysis gave evidence to prefer a single-factor solution (eigenvalue ? 1) accounting for 48.5 % of the variance. For the subsamples, a two-component solution (SZ; 57.0 %) and a three-component solution (C; 65.6 %) fitted best, respectively. For SZ and C, significant associations were found between SFS and external criteria. The main factor “group” emerged as being significant. C showed higher values on both subscales and full scale. The sensitivity of the SFS was examined using discriminant analysis. 86.5% of the participants could be categorized correctly to their actual group. The German translation of the SFS turned out to be a reliable and valid questionnaire comparable to the original English version. This is in line with Spanish and Norwegian translations of the SFS. Concluding, the German version of the SFS is well suited to become a useful and practicable instrument for the assessment of social functioning in both clinical practice and research. It accomplishes commonly used external assessment scales. PMID:25837711

  13. The multidimensional scale of perceived social support: dimensionality and age and gender differences in adolescents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sheung-Tak Cheng; Alfred C. M. Chan

    2004-01-01

    The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support which contains three subscales––family, friends, and significant other support––was administered to 2105 high school students in Hong Kong. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed on two competing models, and the model that fit the data was a hierarchical model in which the three first-order factors were produced by a higher-order factor of overall support.

  14. Landscape, community, countryside: linking biophysical and social scales in US Corn Belt agricultural landscapes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ryan C. Atwell; Lisa A. Schulte; Lynne M. Westphal

    2009-01-01

    Understanding the interplay between ecological and social factors across multiple scales is integral to landscape change initiatives\\u000a in productive agricultural regions such as the rural US Corn Belt. We investigated the cultural context surrounding the use\\u000a of perennial cover types—such as stream buffers, wetlands, cellulosic bioenergy stocks, and diverse cropping rotations—to\\u000a restore water quality, biodiversity, and ecosystem function within a

  15. Development of the scale of perceived social support in HIV (PSS-HIV).

    PubMed

    Cortes, Aaron; Hunt, Nigel; McHale, Sue

    2014-12-01

    Social support (SS) plays a key role for HIV/AIDS prevention and disease management. Numerous general and disease-specific SS instruments have been developed and perception of support has been increasingly considered, though no scales have been specifically developed to measure perceived social support (PSS) in HIV/AIDS. To help fill this gap a 12-item scale was developed. The study comprised 406 (HIV(+) and HIV(-)) participants from Chile and the UK. A principal component factor analysis yielded three factors explaining 77.0 % of the total variance: Belonging, Esteem and Self-development with Cronbach ? of 0.759, 0.882 and 0.927 respectively and 0.893 on the full scale. The PSS-HIV is brief, easy-to-apply, available in English and Spanish and evaluates the perception of supportive social interactions. Further research is needed to corroborate its capacity to detect psycho-socio-immune interactions, its connection with Maslow's hierarchy of need theory and to evaluate its properties for different health states. PMID:25245475

  16. Social anxiety scale for adolescents: factorial invariance across gender and age in Hispanic american adolescents.

    PubMed

    La Greca, Annette M; Ingles, Candido J; Lai, Betty S; Marzo, Juan C

    2015-04-01

    Social anxiety is a common psychological disorder that often emerges during adolescence and is associated with significant impairment. Efforts to prevent social anxiety disorder require sound assessment measures for identifying anxious youth, especially those from minority backgrounds. We examined the factorial invariance and latent mean differences of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A) across gender and age groups in Hispanic American adolescents (N = 1,191; 56% girls; 15-18 years) using multigroup confirmatory factor analyses. Results indicated that the factorial configuration of the correlated three-factor model of the SAS-A was invariant across gender and age. Analyses of latent mean differences revealed that boys exhibited higher structured means than girls on the Social Avoidance and Distress-General (SAD-General) subscale. On all SAS-A subscales, Fear of Negative Evaluation, Social Avoidance and Distress-New, and SAD-General, estimates of the structured means decreased with adolescent age. Implications for further research and clinical practice are discussed. PMID:25059683

  17. A VALIDATION OF THE CROWNE-MARLOWE SOCIAL DESIRABILITY SCALE Timothy P. Johnson, Survey Research Laboratory, Univ. of Illinois at Chicago; and

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    A VALIDATION OF THE CROWNE-MARLOWE SOCIAL DESIRABILITY SCALE Timothy P. Johnson, Survey Research., Chicago, IL 60607 KEY WORDS: Social desirability, Crowne- Marlowe scale, drug testing. 1. Introduction has been the Crowne-Marlowe (CM) Social Desirability, or Need for Approval, Scale (Crowne and Marlowe

  18. Social Scaling: From scale-free to stretched exponential models for scalar stress, hierarchy, levels and units in human and technological networks and evolution1

    E-print Network

    White, Douglas R.

    1 Social Scaling: From scale-free to stretched exponential models for scalar stress, hierarchy Organization Theory Abstract. Johnson's (1982) model of scalar stress deals with how networks are stacked at different levels to reduce information and energy load by substituting relationships among leaders

  19. The British Sign Language Versions of the Patient Health Questionnaire, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item Scale, and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Katherine D.; Young, Alys; Lovell, Karina; Campbell, Malcolm; Scott, Paul R.; Kendal, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    The present study is aimed to translate 3 widely used clinical assessment measures into British Sign Language (BSL), to pilot the BSL versions, and to establish their validity and reliability. These were the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale, and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS).…

  20. Schools, Space and Social Policy: Educational Provision for the Children of Migrant Workers in Munich. International Monographs in Community and Educational Policy Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geipel, Robert

    Three aspects of the problem of school provision for the children of migrant workers in a major European city (Munich), which hitherto have usually been viewed in isolation, are linked together in this paper. These aspects are problems of the infrastructure of education, viewed in the context patterns of urban development and shifts of population…

  1. Empirical Validation and Psychometric Evaluation of the Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale in Patients with Social Anxiety Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weeks, Justin W.; Heimberg, Richard G.; Fresco, David M.; Hart, Trevor A.; Turk, Cynthia L.; Schneier, Franklin R.; Liebowitz, Michael R.

    2005-01-01

    The Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (BFNE; M. R. Leary, 1983a) is often used to assess fear of negative evaluation, the core feature of social anxiety disorder. However, few studies have examined its psychometric properties in large samples of socially anxious patients. Although the BFNE yields a single total score, confirmatory factor…

  2. Computing global structural balance in large-scale signed social networks

    PubMed Central

    Facchetti, Giuseppe; Iacono, Giovanni; Altafini, Claudio

    2011-01-01

    Structural balance theory affirms that signed social networks (i.e., graphs whose signed edges represent friendly/hostile interactions among individuals) tend to be organized so as to avoid conflictual situations, corresponding to cycles of negative parity. Using an algorithm for ground-state calculation in large-scale Ising spin glasses, in this paper we compute the global level of balance of very large online social networks and verify that currently available networks are indeed extremely balanced. This property is explainable in terms of the high degree of skewness of the sign distributions on the nodes of the graph. In particular, individuals linked by a large majority of negative edges create mostly “apparent disorder,” rather than true “frustration.” PMID:22167802

  3. Assessing Autistic Traits in a Taiwan Preschool Population: Cross-Cultural Validation of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Jessica; Lee, Li-Ching; Chen, Ying-Sheue; Hsu, Ju-Wei

    2012-01-01

    The cross-cultural validity of the Mandarin-adaptation of the social responsiveness scale (SRS) was examined in a sample of N = 307 participants in Taiwan, 140 typically developing and 167 with clinically-diagnosed developmental disorders. This scale is an autism assessment tool that provides a quantitative rather than categorical measure of…

  4. Exploring the low-energy landscape of large-scale signed social networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Facchetti, G.; Iacono, G.; Altafini, C.

    2012-09-01

    Analogously to a spin glass, a large-scale signed social network is characterized by the presence of disorder, expressed in this context (and in the social network literature) by the concept of structural balance. If, as we have recently shown, the signed social networks currently available have a limited amount of true disorder (or frustration), it is also interesting to investigate how this frustration is organized, by exploring the landscape of near-optimal structural balance. What we obtain in this paper is that while one of the networks analyzed shows a unique valley of minima, and a funneled landscape that gradually and smoothly worsens as we move away from the optimum, another network shows instead several distinct valleys of optimal or near-optimal structural balance, separated by energy barriers determined by internally balanced subcommunities of users, a phenomenon similar to the replica-symmetry breaking of spin glasses. Multiple, essentially isoenergetic, arrangements of these communities are possible. Passing from one valley to another requires one to destroy the internal arrangement of these balanced subcommunities and then to reform it again. It is essentially this process of breaking the internal balance of the subcommunities which gives rise to the energy barriers.

  5. Across Space and Time: Social Responses to Large-Scale Biophysical Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Macmynowski, Dena P.

    2007-06-01

    The conceptual rubric of ecosystem management has been widely discussed and deliberated in conservation biology, environmental policy, and land/resource management. In this paper, I argue that two critical aspects of the ecosystem management concept require greater attention in policy and practice. First, although emphasis has been placed on the “space” of systems, the “time”—or rates of change—associated with biophysical and social systems has received much less consideration. Second, discussions of ecosystem management have often neglected the temporal disconnects between changes in biophysical systems and the response of social systems to management issues and challenges. The empirical basis of these points is a case study of the “Crown of the Continent Ecosystem,” an international transboundary area of the Rocky Mountains that surrounds Glacier National Park (USA) and Waterton Lakes National Park (Canada). This project assessed the experiences and perspectives of 1) middle- and upper-level government managers responsible for interjurisdictional cooperation, and 2) environmental nongovernment organizations with an international focus. I identify and describe 10 key challenges to increasing the extent and intensity of transboundary cooperation in land/resource management policy and practice. These issues are discussed in terms of their political, institutional, cultural, information-based, and perceptual elements. Analytic techniques include a combination of environmental history, semistructured interviews with 48 actors, and text analysis in a systematic qualitative framework. The central conclusion of this work is that the rates of response of human social systems must be better integrated with the rates of ecological change. This challenge is equal to or greater than the well-recognized need to adapt the spatial scale of human institutions to large-scale ecosystem processes and transboundary wildlife.

  6. Validity and Reliability of the Hausa Version of Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support Index

    PubMed Central

    Mohammad, Ashiru Hamza; Al Sadat, Nabilla; Loh, Siew Yim; Chinna, Karuthan

    2015-01-01

    Background: Social support has been identified as one of the key factors for enhancing the quality of life after stroke. However, a scientific tool that is valid for evaluating social support among stroke survivors in Nigeria has not been developed so far. Objectives: The objective of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Hausa translated versions of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) and to validate it for future use in clinical research in Nigeria. Patients and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 140 adult stroke survivors attending rehabilitation services at stroke referral centers in Kano, Nigeria. The psychometric analysis of the Hausa-MSPSS involved face, content, criterion and construct validity tests, as well as internal and test-retest reliability. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed to assess validity of the three-factor (Family, Friends and Significant others) model for the Hausa-MSPSS. Results: Based on expert panel, clinicians’ review and patients’ feedback, the 12 item Hausa-MSPSS had sufficient face, content and criterion validity. In reliability analysis, the Cronbach’s alpha was 0.781. In test-retest reliability analysis, the minimum kappa value was 0.673. In Confirmatory factor analysis, the three-factor model was not acceptable. An alternative two-factor model with Family and Friends, as the two domain was found to be acceptable (Chi-square/df < 3, TLI, CFI > 0.9, RMSEA < 0.08). The average variances extracted for the two constructs were 0.5 and 0.7, respectively. The R-squared value between the two constructs was 0.397. Cross validity tested using 1000 bootstrap resamples gave satisfactory results (P = 0.079). Conclusions: The 11 item Hausa-MSPSS index is valid for the assessment of perceived social support among stroke survivors in Nigeria.

  7. Provision and Receipt of Social Support and Disregard: What Is Their Impact on the Marital Life Quality of Infertile and Fertile Couples?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Antonia Abbey; Frank M. Andrews; L. Jill Halman

    1995-01-01

    A longitudinal study examined perceptions of received and provided social support and disregard among members of 248 infertile and fertile married couples. Correlational and structural equation modeling analyses were conducted. Women's and men's perceptions of the amount of social support they gave to and received from their partner were highly positively related. In contrast, agreement between spouses about the amount

  8. Effect of large-scale social marketing of insecticide-treated nets on child survival in rural Tanzania

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joanna RM Armstrong Schellenberg; Salim Abdulla; Rose Nathan; Oscar Mukasa; Tanya J Marchant; Nassor Kikumbih; Adiel K Mushi; Haji Mponda; Happiness Minja; Hassan Mshinda; Marcel Tanner; Christian Lengeler

    2001-01-01

    Summary Background Insecticide-treated nets have proven efficacy as a malaria-control tool in Africa. However, the transition from efficacy to effectiveness cannot be taken for granted. We assessed coverage and the effect on child survival of a large- scale social marketing programme for insecticide-treated nets in two rural districts of southern Tanzania with high perennial malaria transmission. Methods Socially marketed insecticide-treated

  9. Construct validity of the Social Physique Anxiety Scale in a French adolescent sample.

    PubMed

    Maïano, Christophe; Morin, Alexandre J S; Eklund, Robert C; Monthuy-Blanc, Johana; Garbarino, Jean-Marie; Stephan, Yannick

    2010-01-01

    We conducted a series of studies to investigate the psychometric properties of the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS; Hart, Leary, & Rejeski, 1989) among a total sample of 1,563 nonclinical French adolescents. The, first study provided support for the item content of the preliminary version of the French SPAS for adolescents. Then, the second study supported the convergent validity of the English and French version of the SPAS. Finally, Studies 3 to 6 provided support for the factor validity, measurement invariance (across genders, age groups and samples), latent mean structure invariance (across age category and samples), reliability, convergent validity, and criterion-related validity of a 7-item version of the SPAS. PMID:20013456

  10. Validation of the social appearance anxiety scale in female eating disorder patients.

    PubMed

    Claes, Laurence; Hart, Trevor A; Smits, Dirk; Van den Eynde, Frederique; Mueller, Astrid; Mitchell, James E

    2012-09-01

    In the present study, we investigated the psychometric properties of the Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (SAAS) in a sample of 60 female eating disorder patients (M(age) = 27.82, SD = 9.76). The SAAS was developed to assess anxiety about being negatively evaluated for one's appearance. All patients completed the SAAS, the Eating Disorder Inventory-2, the Physical Health Questionnaire-9 Depression and the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Psychopathology. The SAAS demonstrated a one-factor structure and a high internal consistency. The SAAS was significantly positive in relation to body mass index, drive for thinness and body dissatisfaction. Concerning personality dimensions, the SAAS was positively related to emotional problems (e.g. depression, anxiety) and interpersonal problems (e.g. suspiciousness, submissiveness). Findings suggest that the SAAS is a psychometrically sound instrument to assess anxiety about being negatively evaluated about one's appearance in a sample of eating disorder patients. PMID:21805536

  11. Differentiating autism spectrum disorder and overlapping psychopathology with a brief version of the social responsiveness scale.

    PubMed

    Moul, Caroline; Cauchi, Avril; Hawes, David J; Brennan, John; Dadds, Mark R

    2015-02-01

    The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) is a well-established measure of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet it is known to suffer reduced specificity in samples of children with comorbid emotional or behavioural problems. This research examined the specificity of the SRS in children with mixed presentations of internalising and externalising psychopathology and ASD. Participants were 522 (397 male) children aged between 4 and 16 years. The associations between SRS total scores and diagnoses were determined using partial correlations and analyses of variance. A subsample of participants with a single diagnosis was used to identify a subset of questions that distinguished between ASD and all other diagnoses. These items were used to create the 16-item SRS-brief. The SRS was found to have good reliability and sensitivity but poor specificity. The SRS-brief had good psychometric properties and was found to be a more accurate tool for the screening of ASD than the original SRS. PMID:24604214

  12. Experimental evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks.

    PubMed

    Kramer, Adam D I; Guillory, Jamie E; Hancock, Jeffrey T

    2014-06-17

    Emotional states can be transferred to others via emotional contagion, leading people to experience the same emotions without their awareness. Emotional contagion is well established in laboratory experiments, with people transferring positive and negative emotions to others. Data from a large real-world social network, collected over a 20-y period suggests that longer-lasting moods (e.g., depression, happiness) can be transferred through networks [Fowler JH, Christakis NA (2008) BMJ 337:a2338], although the results are controversial. In an experiment with people who use Facebook, we test whether emotional contagion occurs outside of in-person interaction between individuals by reducing the amount of emotional content in the News Feed. When positive expressions were reduced, people produced fewer positive posts and more negative posts; when negative expressions were reduced, the opposite pattern occurred. These results indicate that emotions expressed by others on Facebook influence our own emotions, constituting experimental evidence for massive-scale contagion via social networks. This work also suggests that, in contrast to prevailing assumptions, in-person interaction and nonverbal cues are not strictly necessary for emotional contagion, and that the observation of others' positive experiences constitutes a positive experience for people. PMID:24889601

  13. Rethinking trait conceptions of social desirability scales: impression management as an expression of honesty-humility.

    PubMed

    de Vries, Reinout E; Zettler, Ingo; Hilbig, Benjamin E

    2014-06-01

    Numerous researchers have noted that, instead of response sets or styles, most social desirability scales seem to measure personality traits instead. In two studies, we investigated the substantive interpretation of the Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding in terms of the HEXACO model of personality. Because of its focus on honesty and integrity, the Impression Management (IM) scale was hypothesized to be mainly related to HEXACO Honesty-Humility. In the main study among 1,106 students and well-acquainted others (friends, family, or partners), positive self-other agreement correlations were found for both IM (r = .45) and Self-Deceptive Enhancement (SDE; r = .34), supporting a trait conception of IM and SDE. In both self- and other ratings, the most important predictors of SDE were (low) Emotionality, Extraversion, and Conscientiousness. IM was associated with Conscientiousness and Agreeableness, but Honesty-Humility was by far its most important predictor. In a subsample (n = 465), Honesty-Humility and IM were unrelated to GPA. PMID:24072594

  14. The development of a rating scale to screen social and emotional detachment in children and adolescents.

    PubMed

    Scholte, E M; van der Ploeg, J D

    2007-01-01

    Rating scales to assess psychopathic characteristics in children and adolescents show a considerable item overlap with rating scales to assess attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional-defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) symptoms. The aim of this study is to preliminary test a short questionnaire clinicians can use to screen the unique characteristics of psychopathy. Parental ratings of psychopathic characteristics and symptoms of ADHD, ODD and CD were gathered in a community sample of 2535 4-18-year-old Dutch children. The dimensionality of the ratings was determined by factor analysis and related to ADHD, ODD and CD. Two factors emerged covering egocentric-narcissistic and callous-unemotional characteristics. To avoid unnecessary stigmatization of youngsters the first factor is referred to as the "social detachment dimension" and the second as the "emotional detachment dimension". Parental ratings were reliable across all age and gender groups, and correlated moderately with ODD and CD, but not with ADHD. Preliminary findings support a two-dimensional syndrome depicting respectively narcissistic and unemotional characteristics. The syndrome is associated with ODD and CD symptoms and possibly depicts a subtype of the ODD/CD childhood disorder. PMID:17702055

  15. The Solaar HIV Prevention Program for Gay and Bisexual Latino Men: Using Social Marketing to Build Capacity for Service Provision and Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conner, Ross F.; Takahashi, Lois; Ortiz, Eloy; Archuleta, Eduardo; Muniz, Juan; Rodriguez, Julio

    2005-01-01

    Community-researcher partnerships can be powerful mechanisms to understand and effectively address health and social problems such as HIV/AIDS prevention. When the partnership is a positive, productive one, the combined expertise and energy of both parties result in a more effective program and a better evaluation of its effects. This article…

  16. Promoting Leisure Physical Activity Participation among Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: Validation of Self-Efficacy and Social Support Scales

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Jana J.; Peterson, N. Andrew; Lowe, John B.; Nothwehr, Faryle K.

    2009-01-01

    Background: Many individuals with intellectual disabilities are not sufficiently active for availing health benefits. Little is known about correlates of physical activity among this population on which to build health promotion interventions. Materials and Methods: We developed scales for measurement of self-efficacy and social support for…

  17. Genome-wide linkage using the Social Responsiveness Scale in Utah autism pedigrees

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are phenotypically heterogeneous, characterized by impairments in the development of communication and social behaviour and the presence of repetitive behaviour and restricted interests. Dissecting the genetic complexity of ASD may require phenotypic data reflecting more detail than is offered by a categorical clinical diagnosis. Such data are available from the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) which is a continuous, quantitative measure of social ability giving scores that range from significant impairment to above average ability. Methods We present genome-wide results for 64 multiplex and extended families ranging from two to nine generations. SRS scores were available from 518 genotyped pedigree subjects, including affected and unaffected relatives. Genotypes from the Illumina 6 k single nucleotide polymorphism panel were provided by the Center for Inherited Disease Research. Quantitative and qualitative analyses were done using MCLINK, a software package that uses Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods to perform multilocus linkage analysis on large extended pedigrees. Results When analysed as a qualitative trait, linkage occurred in the same locations as in our previous affected-only genome scan of these families, with findings on chromosomes 7q31.1-q32.3 [heterogeneity logarithm of the odds (HLOD) = 2.91], 15q13.3 (HLOD = 3.64), and 13q12.3 (HLOD = 2.23). Additional positive qualitative results were seen on chromosomes 6 and 10 in regions that may be of interest for other neuropsychiatric disorders. When analysed as a quantitative trait, results replicated a peak found in an independent sample using quantitative SRS scores on chromosome 11p15.1-p15.4 (HLOD = 2.77). Additional positive quantitative results were seen on chromosomes 7, 9, and 19. Conclusions The SRS linkage peaks reported here substantially overlap with peaks found in our previous affected-only genome scan of clinical diagnosis. In addition, we replicated a previous SRS peak in an independent sample. These results suggest the SRS is a robust and useful phenotype measure for genetic linkage studies of ASD. Finally, analyses of SRS scores revealed linkage peaks overlapping with evidence from other studies of neuropsychiatric diseases. The information available from the SRS itself may, therefore, reveal locations for autism susceptibility genes that would not otherwise be detected. PMID:20678250

  18. The Impact of Social Assistance Programs on Reducing Inequities in Health Care Among Vulnerable Groups in the Republic of Macedonia (A Small Scale Descriptive Study)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vladimir Lazarevik; Marija Risteska; Valentina Simonovska

    2009-01-01

    Aim. The aim of this research was to look at the impact of social assistance programs on reducing social inequities in health care among the vulnerable groups in Macedonia. Materials and methods. A small scale descriptive study was conducted using open ended questionnaire among the homeless, socially excluded Roma and people dependent on state provided financial allowances. These vulnerable groups

  19. Inequality, Group Cohesion, and Public Good Provision: An Experimental Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lisa R. Anderson; Jennifer M. Mellor; Jeffrey Milyo

    2003-01-01

    Recent studies argue that inequality exerts a negative influence on numerous social indicators. One explanation for this is that inequality reduces group cohesiveness (a component of social capital) and dampens popular support for expenditures on public goods and social programs. In light of competing theoretical explanations and mixed empirical evidence of the effect of inequality on government provision of public

  20. Evaluation of the French Version of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support During the Postpartum Period.

    PubMed

    Denis, A; Callahan, S; Bouvard, M

    2014-11-01

    In the presence of physical and psychological disturbances in the postpartum period, perceived social support is often regarded as a protective factor in women's mental health. This work evaluates the psychometric properties of the French version of a questionnaire widely used internationally to measure perceived social support, which has not been yet validated in French: the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS). This study collected data from 148 women (30.5 ± 5.12 years) who agreed to complete the MSPSS and a scale assessing symptoms of postpartum depression (Edinburgh Post-Natal Depression Scale, EPDS) 1 and 4 months after childbirth. The results confirm the original three-factor structure of the scale. The Cronbach's alpha coefficients are excellent. The total scale score is correlated with all three dimensions and a significantly negative correlation is found between MSPSS and EPDS. The results suggest that the French tool has generally good internal reliability. The MSPSS can provide useful data helping to identify French-speaking people at risk for negative feelings (e.g., mood disorders of perinatal period). PMID:25366102

  1. Test Review: Constantino, J. N., & Gruber, C. P. (2012). "Social Responsiveness Scale-Second Edition" ("SRS-2"). Torrance, CA: Western Psychological Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bruni, Teryn P.

    2014-01-01

    This article reviews the Social Responsiveness Scale-Second Edition (SRS-2), a 65-item rating scale measuring deficits in social behavior associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), as outlined by the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (4th ed., text rev.; "DSM-IV-TR"; American Psychiatric Association,…

  2. Community-based social marketing at the neighborhood scale : sustainable behavior or neighborhood sustainability?

    E-print Network

    Lightman, Deborah

    2011-01-01

    Social marketing has long been used in the field of public health, but its application in the environmental world is only a decade old. Although McKenzie-Mohr and Smith's (1999) guide to "community-based social marketing" ...

  3. Girls and Gender in Alternative Education Provision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Lisa; Thomson, Pat

    2011-01-01

    UK Government policy states that all young people aged 14-19 are entitled to a broad and balanced curriculum, with access to "personalised" education and training pathways. With boys currently leading the statistics on exclusion, girls' educational and social needs are often sidelined in alternative education provision, as the majority of…

  4. 20 CFR Appendix A to Part 435 - Contract Provisions

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Provisions A Appendix A to Part 435 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS...any person or organization for influencing or attempting to influence an officer or employee of any agency, a member of...

  5. Validation of the multi-dimensional scale of perceived social support (MSPSS) and the relationship between social support, intimate partner violence and antenatal depression in Malawi

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Lack of social support is an important risk factor for antenatal depression and anxiety in low- and middle-income countries. We translated, adapted and validated the Multi-dimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) in order to study the relationship between perceived social support, intimate partner violence and antenatal depression in Malawi. Methods The MSPSS was translated and adapted into Chichewa and Chiyao. Five hundred and eighty-three women attending an antenatal clinic were administered the MSPSS, depression screening measures, and a risk factor questionnaire including questions about intimate partner violence. A sub-sample of participants (n?=?196) were interviewed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV to diagnose major depressive episode. Validity of the MSPSS was evaluated by assessment of internal consistency, factor structure, and correlation with Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ) score and major depressive episode. We investigated associations between perception of support from different sources (significant other, family, and friends) and major depressive episode, and whether intimate partner violence was a moderator of these associations. Results In both Chichewa and Chiyao, the MSPSS had high internal consistency for the full scale and significant other, family, and friends subscales. MSPSS full scale and subscale scores were inversely associated with SRQ score and major depression diagnosis. Using principal components analysis, the MSPSS had the expected 3-factor structure in analysis of the whole sample. On confirmatory factor analysis, goodness–of-fit indices were better for a 3-factor model than for a 2-factor model, and met standard criteria when correlation between items was allowed. Lack of support from a significant other was the only MSPSS subscale that showed a significant association with depression on multivariate analysis, and this association was moderated by experience of intimate partner violence. Conclusions The MSPSS is a valid measure of perceived social support in Malawi. Lack of support by a significant other is associated with depression in pregnant women who have experienced intimate partner violence in this setting. PMID:24938124

  6. Social Acknowledgment as a Victim or Survivor: A Scale to Measure a Recovery Factor of PTSD

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andreas Maercker; Julia Müller

    2004-01-01

    The development and validation of a new measure of social acknowledgment as a victim or survivor is presented, whose items were derived from previous research on social recovery factors of post-traumatic stress disorder. The Social Acknowledgment Questionnaire (SAQ) was administered to nontreatment seeking traumatized persons—178 former political prisoners in East Germany and 151 recently traumatized interpersonal crime victims. Principal components

  7. A social and ecological assessment of tropical land uses at multiple scales: the Sustainable Amazon Network

    PubMed Central

    Gardner, Toby A.; Ferreira, Joice; Barlow, Jos; Lees, Alexander C.; Parry, Luke; Vieira, Ima Célia Guimarães; Berenguer, Erika; Abramovay, Ricardo; Aleixo, Alexandre; Andretti, Christian; Aragão, Luiz E. O. C.; Araújo, Ivanei; de Ávila, Williams Souza; Bardgett, Richard D.; Batistella, Mateus; Begotti, Rodrigo Anzolin; Beldini, Troy; de Blas, Driss Ezzine; Braga, Rodrigo Fagundes; Braga, Danielle de Lima; de Brito, Janaína Gomes; de Camargo, Plínio Barbosa; Campos dos Santos, Fabiane; de Oliveira, Vívian Campos; Cordeiro, Amanda Cardoso Nunes; Cardoso, Thiago Moreira; de Carvalho, Déborah Reis; Castelani, Sergio André; Chaul, Júlio Cézar Mário; Cerri, Carlos Eduardo; Costa, Francisco de Assis; da Costa, Carla Daniele Furtado; Coudel, Emilie; Coutinho, Alexandre Camargo; Cunha, Dênis; D'Antona, Álvaro; Dezincourt, Joelma; Dias-Silva, Karina; Durigan, Mariana; Esquerdo, Júlio César Dalla Mora; Feres, José; Ferraz, Silvio Frosini de Barros; Ferreira, Amanda Estefânia de Melo; Fiorini, Ana Carolina; da Silva, Lenise Vargas Flores; Frazão, Fábio Soares; Garrett, Rachel; Gomes, Alessandra dos Santos; Gonçalves, Karoline da Silva; Guerrero, José Benito; Hamada, Neusa; Hughes, Robert M.; Igliori, Danilo Carmago; Jesus, Ederson da Conceição; Juen, Leandro; Junior, Miércio; Junior, José Max Barbosa de Oliveira; Junior, Raimundo Cosme de Oliveira; Junior, Carlos Souza; Kaufmann, Phil; Korasaki, Vanesca; Leal, Cecília Gontijo; Leitão, Rafael; Lima, Natália; Almeida, Maria de Fátima Lopes; Lourival, Reinaldo; Louzada, Júlio; Nally, Ralph Mac; Marchand, Sébastien; Maués, Márcia Motta; Moreira, Fátima M. S.; Morsello, Carla; Moura, Nárgila; Nessimian, Jorge; Nunes, Sâmia; Oliveira, Victor Hugo Fonseca; Pardini, Renata; Pereira, Heloisa Correia; Pompeu, Paulo Santos; Ribas, Carla Rodrigues; Rossetti, Felipe; Schmidt, Fernando Augusto; da Silva, Rodrigo; da Silva, Regina Célia Viana Martins; da Silva, Thiago Fonseca Morello Ramalho; Silveira, Juliana; Siqueira, João Victor; de Carvalho, Teotônio Soares; Solar, Ricardo R. C.; Tancredi, Nicola Savério Holanda; Thomson, James R.; Torres, Patrícia Carignano; Vaz-de-Mello, Fernando Zagury; Veiga, Ruan Carlo Stulpen; Venturieri, Adriano; Viana, Cecília; Weinhold, Diana; Zanetti, Ronald; Zuanon, Jansen

    2013-01-01

    Science has a critical role to play in guiding more sustainable development trajectories. Here, we present the Sustainable Amazon Network (Rede Amazônia Sustentável, RAS): a multidisciplinary research initiative involving more than 30 partner organizations working to assess both social and ecological dimensions of land-use sustainability in eastern Brazilian Amazonia. The research approach adopted by RAS offers three advantages for addressing land-use sustainability problems: (i) the collection of synchronized and co-located ecological and socioeconomic data across broad gradients of past and present human use; (ii) a nested sampling design to aid comparison of ecological and socioeconomic conditions associated with different land uses across local, landscape and regional scales; and (iii) a strong engagement with a wide variety of actors and non-research institutions. Here, we elaborate on these key features, and identify the ways in which RAS can help in highlighting those problems in most urgent need of attention, and in guiding improvements in land-use sustainability in Amazonia and elsewhere in the tropics. We also discuss some of the practical lessons, limitations and realities faced during the development of the RAS initiative so far. PMID:23610172

  8. Impacts of nomad sedentarization on social and ecological systems at multiple scales in Xinjiang Uyghur autonomous region, China.

    PubMed

    Fan, Mingming; Li, Wenjun; Zhang, Chengcheng; Li, Lanhai

    2014-09-01

    China's government is now promoting the Nomad Sedentarization Project (NSP) in large areas of grassland as a solution for ecological restoration and poverty alleviation. To examine the effects of this policy, we conducted in-depth interviews at two of the project's sites and examined the social and ecological systems at village, county, and catchment scales in Jinghe County of Xinjiang. We found that (1) the NSP in one village greatly improved the household standard of living and changed their resource utilization modes; (2) the success in this village can be attributed to resources imported from the social and ecological systems at larger scales, and could not be repeated in a second nearby village with different constraints; and (3) the NSP is poorly adapted to local ecosystem characteristics, and may therefore have negative impacts at larger scales. To avoid these problems, holistic assessments are necessary to judge the NSP's impacts on social and ecological systems at multiple scales, and the program must be implemented cautiously to account for the potential risks in ecologically vulnerable areas. PMID:24092595

  9. [The Electronic Health Information System (eGIS) of the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians (KBV): a basis for small-scale analyses of health-care provision].

    PubMed

    Kopetsch, T; John, S

    2014-02-01

    As one of the main players in the German health system, the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians (KBV) is heavily involved in issues around research and planning for the current and future provision of medical care. The KBV is particularly concerned with tackling the challenge of establishing a uniform source of data and is working to bridge the"data divide" in the research and planning of medical care. To this end, it has developed the Electronic Health Information System (eGIS). The procedure for setting up the EGIS was as follows: (1) Merging externally available data from the relevant sectors of the German health system with the KBV's own data to form a single database. (2) Merging and aggregating the cross-sector data at a single small-scale geographical level. (3) Capturing several years' worth of data in order to be able to carry out time series analyses and identify trends. eGIS provides a single database and uniform evaluation methods, thus ensuring that the principles of homogeneity and comparability are adhered to. The access it gives to the available regionalized data facilitates comprehensive analyses, such as regional, time series and regression analyses, at a small-scale level. The design chosen for the eGIS ensures that its analyses achieve high consistency in answering questions related to the provision of medical care. With the help of the eGIS, an exceptionally broad range of issues in the field of health and medical care can be studied at a regional level. PMID:24469284

  10. Superimposing various biophysical and social scales in a rapidly changing rural area (SW Niger)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leduc, Christian; Massuel, Sylvain; Favreau, Guillaume; Cappelaere, Bernard; Leblanc, Marc; Bachir, Salifou; Ousmane, Boureïma

    2014-05-01

    In SW Niger, close to Niamey, a detailed hydrological survey has been developed for the last 20 years (international experiments HAPEX-SAHEL and later AMMA), investigating the distribution of water in atmosphere, surface, soil and aquifers. It covers an area of about 10 000 km2, with a series of imbricated scales of instrumentation, in time and space. This dense long term field observation led to many major scientific results. Among them, one of the most original and paradoxical is the continuous rise of the water table, even during the severe droughts of the 1970s and 1980s (about 3 m in the last 30 years). In spite of a large apparent homogeneity of the biophysical environment throughout the region, numerous heterogeneities exist at different scales, complicating the hydrological analysis. On the surface, the hydrological system was, ~6000 years ago, a structured drainage network leading to the Niger River. It was later broken into much smaller elements by aeolian dunes deposited during arid episodes and the study area now appears as a juxtaposition of hundreds of small endorheic catchments (most often 1 to 20 km2) where the surface runoff finally ends in temporary ponds. During most violent rainy events, erosion can be locally very severe and modify durably the size of the catchment and the local hydrology. Conversely, during smaller rainy events, surface runoff may never reach the ponds because it infiltrates in more permeable zones at mid-slope. The actual surface area of the catchment contributing to the surface runoff thus varies considerably with time. Because of their great number, only a few catchments are instrumented and extrapolation of measurements to ungauged catchments is an additional difficulty. Most of water temporarily stored in ponds infiltrates and recharges groundwater. The Continental Terminal (CT) aquifer system is made of three independent layers, of which the upper one (CT3) is only considered here. The CT aquifer systems is a transboundary aquifer that extends far beyond the study area, over about 150 000 km2. It is also heterogeneous. Like surface flows, but at a different scale, groundwater flows are marked by a strong endorheism. For example the Dantiandou closed piezometric depression extends over about approximately 5000 km2. These natural closed depressions are explained only by evapotranspiration uptake, weak in absolute terms (a few mm.a-1) but with a very high impact on hydrodynamics because of poor permeability and porosity. Both density of observations and hydraulic continuity of the CT3 aquifer give a fine idea of groundwater changes in the whole area. Human activities, continuously adapting in this poor rural area, add another complexity to the hydrological diversity in surface and ground water. The replacement of the natural vegetation with millet fields and fallow increased the surface runoff, and consequently water accumulation in temporary pools and then CT3 recharge. In the SE part of the study area, the water table has risen up to outcropping in the lowest valley bottoms. These new permanent ponds reflect groundwater while temporary ponds still reflect surface dynamics. This new component of the hydrological landscape induces several consequences, in physical and human dimensions. Evaporation strongly affects the permanent water and increases its salinity while the natural mineralization of groundwater is very low. The easier access to water resources allows a significant development of local gardening, which modifies the social functioning of villages (e.g. land rights between villages and within a village, diversification of crops and sources of income, new sales channels). Different physically based models (for surface and ground water) were built, with a significant discrepancy between their respective quantification of water flows at the region scale. Extrapolation of surface fluxes from the few instrumented catchments to a much larger mosaic of non-instrumented catchments is only partially compatible with the geochemical and hydrodynamic calculations for the CT3 aquife

  11. An analysis of more than 1,400 articles, 900 scales, and 17 years of research: the state of scales in cyberpsychology, behavior, and social networking.

    PubMed

    Howard, Matt C; Jayne, Bradley S

    2015-03-01

    Cyberpsychology is a recently emergent field that examines the impact of technology upon human cognition and behavior. Given its infancy, authors have rapidly created new measures to gauge their constructs of interest. Unfortunately, few of these authors have had the opportunity to test their scales' psychometric properties and validity. This is concerning, as many theoretical assumptions may be founded upon scales with inadequate attributes. If this were found to be true, then previous findings in cyberpsychology studies would need to be retested, and future research would need to shift its focus to creating psychometrically sound and valid measures. To provide inferences on this concern, the current study examines the article reporting, scale creation, and scale reliabilities of every article published in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking from its inception to July 2014. The final data set encompassed the coding of 1,478 individual articles, including 921 scales, and spanning 17 years. The results demonstrate that the simple survey methodology has become more popular over time. Authors are gradually applying empirically tested scales. However, self-created measures are still the most popular, leading to concerns about the measures' validity. Also, the use of multi-item measures has increased over time, but many articles still fail to report adequate information to assess the reliability of the applied scales. Lastly, the average scale reliability is 0.81, which barely meets standard cutoffs. Overall, these results are not overly concerning, but suggestions are given on methods to improve the reporting of measures, the creation of scales, and the state of cyberpsychology. PMID:25751050

  12. Development and psychometric properties of the Social Smoking Situations (S(3)) Scale: an enhanced measure of social exposure to smoking during adolescence.

    PubMed

    Racicot, Simon; McGrath, Jennifer J

    2015-02-01

    Common questions of exposure to smoking, such as number of parents, siblings, or friends who smoke, fail to capture the contexts in which the exposure occurs. This study developed the Social Smoking Situations (S(3)) Scale to more precisely measure contextual exposure to smoking during adolescence. Informed by the cue-reactivity literature and using informal focus groups, items of contextual exposure to smoking were generated for three categories of smokers: parents, siblings, and peers. Participants (N=761; Mage=15.6, SD=1.3; 61.4% female) were recruited as part of the AdoQuest Study in Montreal, QC. Principal components analysis was used to identify the component structure of the parent, sibling, and peer versions of the S(3) Scale. S(3) scores were computed subsequently to test their association with smoking behavior and smoking expectancies. Further, S(3) scores were compared with common questions (i.e., number of smokers) via univariate modeling to determine which would generate larger estimates of effect size when predicting smoking behavior and smoking expectancies. Overall, S(3) scores generated larger estimates than common questions; this finding was consistent across the parent (ORavg: 2.59 vs. 1.36), sibling (ORavg: 3.44 vs. 1.59), and peer (ORavg: 3.89 vs. 1.38) versions. The S(3) Scale is a new psychometrically sound instrument that may provide a more robust measurement of social exposure to smoking during adolescence. Importantly, it has the potential to strengthen prevention programming and intervention efforts aimed at adolescents, as it could depict a more precise portrait of the individual and contextual sources of social exposure to smoking. PMID:25452074

  13. Cooperativeness and competitiveness as two distinct constructs: validating the Cooperative and Competitive Personality Scale in a social dilemma context.

    PubMed

    Lu, Su; Au, Wing-Tung; Jiang, Feng; Xie, Xiaofei; Yam, Paton

    2013-01-01

    The present research validated the construct and criterion validities of the Cooperative and Competitive Personality Scale (CCPS) in a social dilemma context. The results from three studies supported the notion that cooperativeness and competitiveness are two independent dimensions, challenging the traditional view that they are two ends of a single continuum. First, confirmatory factor analyses revealed that a two-factor structure fit the data significantly better than a one-factor structure. Moreover, cooperativeness and competitiveness were either not significantly correlated (Studies 1 and 3) or only moderately positively correlated (Study 2). Second, cooperativeness and competitiveness were differentially associated with Schwartz's Personal Values. These results further supported the idea that cooperativeness and competitiveness are two distinct constructs. Specifically, the individuals who were highly cooperative emphasized self-transcendent values (i.e., universalism and benevolence) more, whereas the individuals who were highly competitive emphasized self-enhancement values (i.e., power and achievement) more. Finally, the CCPS, which adheres to the trait perspective of personality, was found to be a useful supplement to more prevalent social motive measures (i.e., social value orientation) in predicting cooperative behaviors. Specifically, in Study 2, when social value orientation was controlled for, the CCPS significantly predicted cooperative behaviors in a public goods dilemma (individuals who score higher on cooperativeness scale contributed more to the public goods). In Study 3, when social value orientation was controlled for, the CCPS significantly predicted cooperative behaviors in commons dilemmas (individuals who score higher on cooperativeness scale requested fewer resources from the common resource pool). The practical implications of the CCPS in conflict resolution, as well as in recruitment and selection settings, are discussed. PMID:23145818

  14. Measuring Social Capital: The Development of the Social Capital and Cohesion Scale and the Associations between Social Capital and Mental Health

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magson, Natasha R.; Craven, Rhonda G.; Bodkin-Andrews, Gawaian H.

    2014-01-01

    Over the last two decades, social capital has received increasing attention in the international literature. Despite the popularity of the construct, problems concerning definition, theoretical conceptualisation, and measurement continue to plague research and policy in this area. This investigation aimed to address this gap by developing a new…

  15. Large-scale multi-agency strategic beach monitoring of the South-East Coast of England - provision of data and analytical tools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew Bradbury; Travis Mason; Peter Barter

    Beach monitoring projects within the UK have often been confined to short stretches of coastline, usually established in conjunction with individual beach recharge schemes; they often omit to investigate entire coastal process behavioural systems, and the impacts of engineering works on a wider spatial scale. Effective planning and implementation of shoreline management requires high quality, long-term, time-series data sets, at

  16. A U.S. Human Well-being Index (HWBI) for Multiple Scales: Linking Services Provisioning to Human Well-being Endpoints (2000-2010)

    EPA Science Inventory

    objective of this report is to characterize well-being at multiple scales in order to evaluate the relationship of service flows in terms of sustainable well-being. The HWBI results presented represent snapshot assessments for the 2000-2010 time period. Based on the spatial and t...

  17. Resource Provisioning in Clouds via Non-Functional Requirements

    E-print Network

    Melbourne, University of

    Resource Provisioning in Clouds via Non-Functional Requirements By Diana Carolina Barreto Arias Provisioning in Clouds via Non-Functional Requirements Diana Carolina Barreto Arias Supervisors: Prof. Rajkumar information based on non-functional require- ments. Experiments with a small scale prototype compared our

  18. Dolly: Virtualization-driven Database Provisioning for the Cloud

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    such as higher workloads during particular periods, e.g., during Black Friday, marketing campaigns, or a new the peak workload of an Internet application, making it challenging to a priori provision for the peak platforms such as Amazon's EC2 platform already support dynamic provisioning (aka "auto scaling") where

  19. Do Social Networks Influence Small-Scale Fishermen's Enforcement of Sea Tenure?

    PubMed

    Stevens, Kara; Frank, Kenneth A; Kramer, Daniel B

    2015-01-01

    Resource systems with enforced rules and strong monitoring systems typically have more predictable resource abundance, which can confer economic and social benefits to local communities. Co-management regimes demonstrate better social and ecological outcomes, but require an active role by community members in management activities, such as monitoring and enforcement. Previous work has emphasized understanding what makes fishermen comply with rules. This research takes a different approach to understand what influences an individual to enforce rules, particularly sea tenure. We conducted interviews and used multiple regression and Akaike's Information Criteria model selection to evaluate the effect of social networks, food security, recent catch success, fisherman's age and personal gear investment on individual's enforcement of sea tenure. We found that fishermen's enforcement of sea tenure declined between the two time periods measured and that social networks, age, food security, and changes in gear investment explained enforcement behavior across three different communities on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast, an area undergoing rapid globalization. PMID:25822364

  20. EarthScope's Education, Outreach, and Communications: Using Social Media from Continental to Global Scales

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bohon, W.; Frus, R.; Arrowsmith, R.; Fouch, M. J.; Garnero, E. J.; Semken, S. C.; Taylor, W. L.

    2011-12-01

    Social media has emerged as a popular and effective form of communication among all age groups, with nearly half of Internet users belonging to a social network or using another form of social media on a regular basis. This phenomenon creates an excellent opportunity for earth science organizations to use the wide reach, functionality and informal environment of social media platforms to disseminate important scientific information, create brand recognition, and establish trust with users. Further, social media systems can be utilized for missions of education, outreach, and communicating important timely information (e.g., news agencies are common users). They are eminently scaleable (thus serving from a few to millions of users with no cost and no performance problem), searchable (people are turning to them more frequently as conduits for information), and user friendly (thanks to the massive resources poured into the underlying technology and design, these systems are easy to use and have been widely adopted). They can be used, therefore, to engage the public interactively with the EarthScope facilities, experiments, and discoveries, and continue the cycle of discussions, experiments, analysis and conclusions that typify scientific advancement. The EarthScope National Office (ESNO) is launching an effort to utilize social media to broaden its impact as a conduit between scientists, facilities, educators, and the public. The ESNO will use the opportunities that social media affords to offer high quality science content in a variety of formats that appeal to social media users of various age groups, including blogs (popular with users 18-29), Facebook and Twitter updates (popular with users ages 18-50), email updates (popular with older adults), and video clips (popular with all age groups). We will monitor the number of "fans" and "friends" on social media and networking pages in order to gauge the increase in the percentage of the user population visiting the site. We will also use existing tools available on social media sites to track the relationships between users who visit or "friend" the site to determine how knowledge of the site is transferred amongst various social, educational or geographic groups. Finally, we will use this information to iteratively improve the variety of content and media on the site to increase our user pool, improve EarthScope recognition, and provide appropriate and user-specific Earth science information, especially for time sensitive events of wide interest such as natural disasters.

  1. Filler Items and Social Desirability in Rotter's Locus of Control Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kestenbaum, Joel M.; Hammersla, Joy

    1976-01-01

    Three experiments were conducted with college psychology students to determine whether the use of filler items in Rotter's I-E scale fulfills its stated objective of obscuring the purpose of the scale. Fillers didn't effect I-E scores, impede subjects from faking good, or obscure knowledge of the scale. (Author/DEP)

  2. Displacement, county social cohesion and depression after a large-scale traumatic event

    PubMed Central

    Lê, Félice; Tracy, Melissa; Norris, Fran H.; Galea, Sandro

    2013-01-01

    Background Depression is a common and potentially debilitating consequence of traumatic events. Mass traumatic events cause wide-ranging disruptions to community characteristics, influencing the population risk of depression. In the aftermath of such events, population displacement is common. Stressors associated with displacement may increase risk of depression directly. Indirectly, persons who are displaced may experience erosion in social cohesion, further exacerbating their risk for depression. Methods Using data from a population-based cross-sectional survey of adults living in the 23 southernmost counties of Mississippi (N = 708), we modeled the independent and joint relations of displacement and county-level social cohesion with depression 18–24 months after Hurricane Katrina. Results After adjustment for individual- and county-level sociodemographic characteristics and county-level hurricane exposure, joint exposure to both displacement and low social cohesion was associated with substantially higher log-odds of depression (b = 1.34 [0.86–1.83]). Associations were much weaker for exposure only to low social cohesion (b = 0.28 [?0.35–0.90]) or only to displacement (b = 0.04 [?0.80– 0.88]). The associations were robust to additional adjustment for individually perceived social cohesion and social support. Conclusion Addressing the multiple, simultaneous disruptions that are a hallmark of mass traumatic events is important to identify vulnerable populations and understand the psychological ramifications of these events. PMID:23644724

  3. Reliability and Validity of Nutrition Knowledge, Social-Psychological Factors, and Food Label Use Scales from the 1995 Diet and Health Knowledge Survey

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Saori Obayashi; Leonard J. Bianchi; Won O. Song

    2003-01-01

    ObjectiveTo test the reliability and validity of scales on nutrition knowledge, social-psychological factors, and use of food labels developed from the 1995 Diet and Health Knowledge Survey (DHKS) questions.

  4. Social Skills Intervention Planning for Preschoolers: Using the SSiS-Rating Scales to Identify Target Behaviors Valued by Parents and Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frey, Jennifer R.; Elliott, Stephen N.; Kaiser, Ann P.

    2014-01-01

    Teachers' and parents' importance ratings of social behaviors for 95 preschoolers were examined using the "Social Skills Improvement System-Rating Scales" (Gresham & Elliott, 2008). Multivariate analyses were used to examine parents' and teachers' importance ratings at the item and subscale levels. Overall,…

  5. A Study to Develop a Scale for Determining the Social Acceptance Levels of Special-Needs Students, Participating in Inclusion Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arslan, Erdinc; Sahbaz, Umit

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to develop a scale of social acceptance for determining the social acceptance levels of special-needs students, participating in inclusion practices. The target population of the research is 8th grade students of all primary schools in the provincial center of Burdur in the 2008 to 2009 academic year and the target study…

  6. Interactional Infrastructure in Rural Communities: Matching Training Needs and Provision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilpatrick, Sue; Loechel, Barton

    2004-01-01

    This paper reports some of the main lessons learnt from a collaborative project titled "Generating jobs in regional Tasmania: a social capital approach" investigating how two small rural Tasmanian communities could better match local training needs with training provision. The project was conducted within the context of the wider social, economic…

  7. Rasch calibration of physical activity self-efficacy and social support scale for persons with intellectual disabilities.

    PubMed

    Lee, Miyoung; Peterson, Jana J; Dixon, Alicia

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the construct validity of the Self-Efficacy/Social Support for Activity for persons with Intellectual Disability (SE/SS-AID) scales developed by Peterson, Peterson, Lowe, & Nothwehr (2009). A total of 146 participants with intellectual disabilities completed 6 self-efficacy (SE) items and 18 social support (SS) items. After applying the Rasch rating model, all SE items and 17 SS items fit the model and measured a single-construct. Thus, it was able to determine the item difficulty and person's level of SE and SS for physical activity by calculated logit scores. No items showed evidence for differential functioning by the level of intellectual disability. Model fit of SS subscales (e.g., staff, family, and peer) showed good-fit as well. In conclusion, SE and SS scales for physical activity can be measured more accurately for persons with intellectual disabilities by using the modified scales validated in this study. PMID:20363109

  8. Exploring links between juvenile offenders and social disorganization at a large map scale: a Bayesian spatial modeling approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Law, Jane; Quick, Matthew

    2013-01-01

    This paper adopts a Bayesian spatial modeling approach to investigate the distribution of young offender residences in York Region, Southern Ontario, Canada, at the census dissemination area level. Few geographic researches have analyzed offender (as opposed to offense) data at a large map scale (i.e., using a relatively small areal unit of analysis) to minimize aggregation effects. Providing context is the social disorganization theory, which hypothesizes that areas with economic deprivation, high population turnover, and high ethnic heterogeneity exhibit social disorganization and are expected to facilitate higher instances of young offenders. Non-spatial and spatial Poisson models indicate that spatial methods are superior to non-spatial models with respect to model fit and that index of ethnic heterogeneity, residential mobility (1 year moving rate), and percentage of residents receiving government transfer payments are, respectively, the most significant explanatory variables related to young offender location. These findings provide overwhelming support for social disorganization theory as it applies to offender location in York Region, Ontario. Targeting areas where prevalence of young offenders could or could not be explained by social disorganization through decomposing the estimated risk map are helpful for dealing with juvenile offenders in the region. Results prompt discussion into geographically targeted police services and young offender placement pertaining to risk of recidivism. We discuss possible reasons for differences and similarities between the previous findings (that analyzed offense data and/or were conducted at a smaller map scale) and our findings, limitations of our study, and practical outcomes of this research from a law enforcement perspective.

  9. The Compassion Fatigue Scale: Its Use with Social Workers Following Urban Disaster

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Richard E.; Figley, Charles R.; Boscarino, Joseph A.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The present study has two goals: to assess the difference between secondary trauma and job burnout and to examine the utility of secondary trauma in predicting psychological distress. Method: The data come from a survey of social workers (N = 236) living in New York City 20 months following the September 11 terrorist attacks on the…

  10. Women's Literacy and Numeracy Practices Oriented toward Small-Scale Social Action in Northern Mexico

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mein, Erika

    2010-01-01

    This article looks at literacy from social and critical perspectives in order to understand the literacy and numeracy practices of women in small savings groups in northern Mexico. In this case, women's literacy and numeracy practices were not only situated in a rural desert context but also oriented toward concrete action to address their…

  11. Moving from small science to big science: Social and organizational impediments to large scale data sharing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric T. Meyer

    This paper discusses some of the issues that arise when small scientific projects make the transition to becoming part of larger scientific collaborations, as seen from a social informatics perspective. The data for the paper is drawn from two cases: a systematic study of a humpback whale research project involving federating data about the population and movements of humpbacks in

  12. Do Social Networks Influence Small-Scale Fishermen’s Enforcement of Sea Tenure?

    PubMed Central

    Stevens, Kara; Frank, Kenneth A.; Kramer, Daniel B.

    2015-01-01

    Resource systems with enforced rules and strong monitoring systems typically have more predictable resource abundance, which can confer economic and social benefits to local communities. Co-management regimes demonstrate better social and ecological outcomes, but require an active role by community members in management activities, such as monitoring and enforcement. Previous work has emphasized understanding what makes fishermen comply with rules. This research takes a different approach to understand what influences an individual to enforce rules, particularly sea tenure. We conducted interviews and used multiple regression and Akaike’s Information Criteria model selection to evaluate the effect of social networks, food security, recent catch success, fisherman’s age and personal gear investment on individual’s enforcement of sea tenure. We found that fishermen’s enforcement of sea tenure declined between the two time periods measured and that social networks, age, food security, and changes in gear investment explained enforcement behavior across three different communities on Nicaragua’s Atlantic Coast, an area undergoing rapid globalization. PMID:25822364

  13. Commentary: The Observed Association between Autistic Severity Measured by the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) and General Psychopathology-- A Response to Hus et al.()

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Constantino, John N.; Frazier, Thomas W.

    2013-01-01

    In their analysis of the accumulated data from the clinically ascertained Simons Simplex Collection (SSC), Hus et al. (2013) provide a large-scale clinical replication of previously reported associations (see Constantino, Hudziak & Todd, 2003) between quantitative autistic traits [as measured by the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS)] and…

  14. Adaptation and Psychometric Properties of the Self-Efficacy/Social Support for Activity for Persons with Intellectual Disability Scale (SE/SS-AID) in a Spanish Sample

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuesta-Vargas, Antonio Ignacio; Paz-Lourido, Berta; Lee, Miyoung; Peterson-Besse, Jana J.

    2013-01-01

    Background: In this study we aimed to develop a Spanish version of the Self-Efficacy/Social Support Scales for Activity for persons with Intellectual Disability (SE/SS-AID). Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a sample of 117 individuals with intellectual disability (ID). The SE/SS-AID scales were translated into Spanish and their…

  15. Brief Report: Excellent Agreement between Two Brief Autism Scales (Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder and Social Responsiveness Scale) Completed Independently by Parents and the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray, Michael J.; Mayes, Susan Dickerson; Smith, Laura A.

    2011-01-01

    Agreement between the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) and two brief scales completed by parents was 93.1% for the Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder (CASD) and 89.7% for the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) in a sample of adolescents with suspected autism spectrum disorders. Our study is consistent with others showing that brief…

  16. The Femininity Ideology Scale: Factor Structure, Reliability, Convergent and Discriminant Validity, and Social Contextual Variation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ronald Levant; Katherine Richmond; Stephen Cook; A. Tanner House; Maryse Aupont

    2007-01-01

    This study reports on the psychometric properties of the Femininity Ideology Scale (FIS) from the responses of 407 undergraduate\\u000a participants in the USA. Factor analysis supported the five factor structure. Cronbach alpha coefficients of the factors and\\u000a total scale were adequate. Support for discriminant validity was found after examining the relationship between the FIS and\\u000a the Bem Sex Role Inventory,

  17. A case study of social vulnerability mapping: issues of scale and aggregation

    E-print Network

    Burns, Gabriel Ryan

    2009-05-15

    geophysical event that is natural in origin and occurs singly or in combination with other environmental factors (Alexander 2000). Research on natural hazards includes works on such events as hurricanes (Peacock 2003), volcanoes (Parechi et al. 2000... hazards as a result of the interaction between human and physical systems, second using resources of a hazardous area for social benefits and third examining the circumstances of human adjustments and the adoption of alternative planning techniques...

  18. Development and validation of adolescent-perceived microsystem scales: Social support, daily hassles, and involvement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward Seidman; LaRue Allen; J. Lawrence Aber; Christina Mitchell; Joanna Feinman; Hirokazu Yoshikawa; Katherine Anne Comtois; Judith Golz; Robin L. Miller; Blanca Ortiz-Torres; Gillian Carty Roper

    1995-01-01

    Developed and validated instruments for urban and culturally diverse adolescents to assess their self-reported transactions\\u000a with family, peer, school, and neighborhood microsystems for the constructs of social support, daily hassles, and involvement.\\u000a The sample of 998 youth were from schools in three Eastern cities with high percentages of economically disadvantaged youth.\\u000a Data were collected before and after the transition to

  19. Measuring emotional and social wellbeing in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations: an analysis of a Negative Life Events Scale

    PubMed Central

    Kowal, Emma; Gunthorpe, Wendy; Bailie, Ross S

    2007-01-01

    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians experience widespread socioeconomic disadvantage and health inequality. In an attempt to make Indigenous health research more culturally-appropriate, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians have called for more attention to the concept of emotional and social wellbeing (ESWB). Although it has been widely recognised that ESWB is of crucial importance to the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, there is little consensus on how to measure in Indigenous populations, hampering efforts to better understand and improve the psychosocial determinants of health. This paper explores the policy and political context to this situation, and suggests ways to move forward. The second part of the paper explores how scales can be evaluated in a health research setting, including assessments of endorsement, discrimination, internal and external reliability. We then evaluate the use of a measure of stressful life events, the Negative Life Events Scale (NLES), in two samples of Aboriginal people living in remote communities in the Northern Territory of Australia. We argue that the Negative Life Events Scale is a promising assessment of psychosocial wellbeing in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations. Evaluation of the scale and its performance in other samples of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations is imperative if we hope to develop better, rather than more, scales for measuring ESWB among Indigenous Australians. Only then will it be possible to establish standardized methods of measuring ESWB and develop a body of comparable literature that can guide both a better understanding of ESWB, and evaluation of interventions designed to improve the psychosocial health of Indigenous populations and decrease health inequalities. PMID:18001479

  20. A Validation and Reliability Study of Community Service Activities Scale in Turkey: A Social Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demir, Özden; Kaya, Halil Ibrahim; Tasdan, Murat

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to test the reliability and validity of Community Service Activities Scale (CSAS) developed by Demir, Kaya and Tasdan (2012) with a view to identify perceptions of Faculty of Education students regarding community service activities. The participants of the study are 313 randomly chosen students who attend six…

  1. CORMAS : A multiagent simulation toolkit to model natural and social dynamics at multiple scales

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christophe Le Page; François Bousquet; Innocent Bakam; Alassane Bah; Christian Baron

    Dealing with multiple scales is often a key question in renewable resources management. In some cases, the decision to incorporate a spatial entity is influenced by the fact that information is available at this level. In other cases, the system dynamics is intrinsically linked to a specific spatial entity, which should obviously be taken into account in the model. Nevertheless,

  2. Inequality in social rank and adult nutritional status: Evidence from a small-scale society in the Bolivian Amazon

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Victoria Reyes-García; Jose Luis Molina; Thomas W. McDade; Susan N. Tanner; Tomas Huanca; William R. Leonard

    2009-01-01

    Research on the social determinants of health has highlighted (a) the adverse effects of social inequality on individual health and (b) the association between individual social rank and health. In this paper, we contribute to the growing literature on the health consequences of social inequalities by assessing the association between village level inequality in social rank, a form of non-material

  3. The Swedish version of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support (MSPSS) - a psychometric evaluation study in women with hirsutism and nursing students

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) is a short instrument, developed to assess perceived social support. The original English version has been widely used. The original scale has demonstrated satisfactory psychometric properties in different settings, but no validated Swedish version has been available. The aim was therefore to translate, adapt and psychometrically evaluate the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support for use in a Swedish context. Method In total 281 participants accepted to join the study, a main sample of 127 women with hirsutism and a reference sample of 154 nursing students. The MSPSS was translated and culturally adapted according to the rigorous official process approved by WHO. The psychometric evaluation included item analysis, evaluation of factor structure, known-group validity, internal consistency and reproducibility. Results The original three-factor structure was reproduced in the main sample of women with hirsutism. An equivalent factor structure was demonstrated in a cross-validation, based on the reference sample of nursing students. Known-group validity was supported and internal consistency was good for all scales (??=?0.91-0.95). The test-retest showed acceptable to very good reproducibility for the items (?w?=?0.58-0.85) and the scales (ICC?=?0.89-0.92; CCC?=?0.89-0.92). Conclusion The Swedish version of the MSPSS is a multidimensional scale with sound psychometric properties in the present study sample. The simple and short format makes it a useful tool for measuring perceived social support. PMID:24112950

  4. SOCIAL NETWORKS AND SOCIAL LEARNING AMONG SMALL-SCALE RURAL NON-FARM ENTERPRISES: A CASE STUDY IN CHIMANIMANI DISTRICT IN ZIMBABWE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J Zuwarimwe; J Kirsten

    Ever since Putnam (1993) suggested that social environments of economic agents play a critical role in economic development social capital as a concept has been gaining prominence in economic development research. Though useful insights have been made the concept is still riddled by outstanding measurement issues since at present proxies are used. For that matter, if social capital is to

  5. Social support and depressive symptoms among 'money' boys and general men who have sex with men in Shanghai, China.

    PubMed

    Yan, Huamei; Wong, Frank Y; Zheng, Tony; Ning, Zhen; Ding, Yingying; Nehl, Eric J; Lin, Lavinia; He, Na

    2014-07-01

    The primary objective was to examine prevalence and correlates of social support and depressive symptoms among male sex workers (known as 'money boys' (MBs)) and general men who have sex with men (MSM) in Shanghai. The Social Provision Scale (SPS), which consists of 24 items, scored out of 4 for social provision, was used to evaluate the functions of social relationships. The score for each item ranges from 1 to 4, with a higher score indicating more social provision. The overall mean SPS score was 68.1 (s.d.=6.53) for MBs and 69.3 (s.d.=6.99) for general MSM. Depression was measured with a 12-item version of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), where a score of 9 has been recommended as the cutoff score to indicate possible depressive symptoms. The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 57.9%, with MBs having a higher level of depressive symptoms than general MSM (70.0% v. 46.1%) (odds ratio=1.86, 95% confidence interval=1.07-3.24). Social support was a protective factor for depressive symptoms (odds ratio=0.92, 95% confidence interval=0.89-0.96). MSM in China, particularly MBs, are vulnerable to low social support and high depressive symptoms, highlighting the need for tailored psychological programs targeting this population. PMID:24919661

  6. Sex-biased dispersal patterns depend on the spatial scale in a social rodent

    PubMed Central

    Gauffre, B.; Petit, E.; Brodier, S.; Bretagnolle, V.; Cosson, J. F.

    2009-01-01

    Dispersal is a fundamental process in ecology because it influences the dynamics, genetic structure and persistence of populations. Furthermore, understanding the evolutionary causes of dispersal pattern, particularly when they differ between genders, is still a major question in evolutionary ecology. Using a panel of 10 microsatellite loci, we investigated at different spatial scales the genetic structure and the sex-specific dispersal patterns in the common vole Microtus arvalis, a small colonial mammal. This study was conducted in an intensive agricultural area of western France. Hierarchical FST analyses, relatedness and assignment tests suggested (i) that females are strongly kin-clustered within colonies; (ii) that dispersal is strongly male-biased at a local scale; and (iii) long-distance dispersal is not rare and more balanced between genders. We conclude that males migrate continuously from colony to colony to reproduce, whereas females may disperse just once and would be mainly involved in new colony foundation. PMID:19586945

  7. Scale-invariance underlying the logistic equation and its social applications

    E-print Network

    Hernando, A

    2012-01-01

    On the basis of dynamical principles we derive the Logistic Equation (LE), widely employed (among multiple applications) in the simulation of population growth, and demonstrate that scale-invariance and a mean-value constraint are sufficient and necessary conditions for obtaining it. We also generalize the LE to multi-component systems and show that the above dynamical mechanisms underlie large number of scale-free processes. Examples are presented regarding city-populations, diffusion in complex networks, and popularity of technological products, all of them obeying the multi-component logistic equation in an either stochastic or deterministic way. So as to assess the predictability-power of our present formalism, we advance a prediction, regarding the next 60 months, for the number of users of the three main web browsers (Explorer, Firefox and Chrome) popularly referred as "Browser Wars".

  8. Cross-cultural validity and measurement invariance of the social physique anxiety scale in five European nations.

    PubMed

    Hagger, M S; A?çi, F H; Lindwall, M; Hein, V; Mülazimo?lu-Balli, O; Tarrant, M; Ruiz, Y Pastor; Sell, V

    2007-12-01

    The cross-cultural generalizability of the social physique anxiety scale (SPAS) was evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) in five European nations: Britain, Estonia, Spain, Sweden, and Turkey. Motl and Conroy's (2000) methods were used to develop modified versions of the scale within each sample based on the original 12-item version. Pending the satisfactory fit of the CFAs of the modified models within each sample, it was expected that the measurement parameters and mean values of these models would be equivalent across samples in multisample CFAs. An eight-item version of the SPAS exhibited a good fit with data from the British, Estonian, and Swedish samples, and a seven-item version fitted the data well in the Spanish and Turkish samples. The eliminated items were also influenced by a method effect associated with the item wording. Multisample analyses revealed that factor loadings were equivalent across samples. Tests of latent means revealed that British and Spanish participants reported the highest levels of SPA, with Estonian participants reporting the lowest. Results indicate that the SPAS is generalizable across these cultures, although subtle variations existed in the Spanish and Turkish samples. Researchers are advised to follow these procedures to develop a valid version of the SPAS appropriate for their sample. PMID:17346291

  9. From Parasite Encounter to Infection: Multiple-Scale Drivers of Parasite Richness in a Wild Social Primate Population

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Benavides J. A.; Huchard, E.; Pettorelli, N.; King, A. J.; Brown, M. E.; Archer, C. E.; Appleton, C. C.; Raymond, M.; Cowlishaw, G.

    2011-01-01

    Host parasite diversity plays a fundamental role in ecological and evolutionary processes, yet the factors that drive it are still poorly understood. A variety of processes, operating across a range of spatial scales, are likely to influence both the probability of parasite encounter and subsequent infection. Here, we explored eight possible determinants of parasite richness, comprising rainfall and temperature at the population level, ranging behavior and home range productivity at the group level, and age, sex, body condition, and social rank at the individual level. We used a unique dataset describing gastrointestinal parasites in a terrestrial subtropical vertebrate (chacma baboons, Papio ursinus), comprising 662 faecal samples from 86 individuals representing all age-sex classes across two groups over two dry seasons in a desert population. Three mixed models were used to identify the most important factor at each of the three spatial scales (population, group, individual); these were then standardised and combined in a single, global, mixed model. Individual age had the strongest influence on parasite richness, in a convex relationship. Parasite richness was also higher in females and animals in poor condition, albeit at a lower order of magnitude than age. Finally, with a further halving of effect size, parasite richness was positively correlated to day range and temperature. These findings indicate that a range of factors influence host parasite richness through both encounter and infection probabilities, but that individual-level processes may be more important than those at the group or population level.

  10. Agile dynamic provisioning of multi-tier Internet applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bhuvan Urgaonkar; Prashant J. Shenoy; Abhishek Chandra; Pawan Goyal; Timothy Wood

    2008-01-01

    Dynamic capacity provisioning is a useful technique for handling the multi-time-scale variations seen in Internet workloads. In this paper, we propose a novel dynamic provisioning technique for multi-tier Internet applications that employs (i) a flexible queuing model to deter- mine how much resources to allocate to each tier of the application, and (ii) a combination of predictive and reactive methods

  11. SOCIAL SECURITY NETS FOR MARINE FISHERIES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Kurien; Antonyto Paul

    2001-01-01

    ABSTRACT Social Security is achieved when,deprivation or vulnerability is reduced or removed as a result of using social means, thereby, in the process, making lives and livelihoods more secure. However, provision ofsuch,social security measures ,is influenced by various ,supply and demand,factors. This paper attempts to explain the provision of social security in the fisheries sector of Kerala State in south

  12. Autonomy and Governance in Local Authority Provision for Children and Young People

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyask, Ruth; Donkin, Arnet; Waite, Sue; Lawson, Hazel

    2013-01-01

    The role of local government in addressing issues of social equity is undergoing significant reconstruction in current educational policy reforms in England. The current conceptualisation of social provision places individual rights at the centre of policy, and social responsibility is represented as the work of individuals. Drawing upon a…

  13. Climate change will bring economic, social and environmental costs at scales beyond any other human experience (IARU, 2009). Studies imply that humanity

    E-print Network

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Climate change will bring economic, social and environmental costs at scales beyond any other human dangerous climate change. On the other hand, it lacks ambition. Its instruments mostly rely on complicated Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) which shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize with former Vice President Al

  14. Assessing Social Validity of School-Wide Positive Behavior Support Plans: Evidence for the Reliability and Structure of the Primary Intervention Rating Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lane, Kathleen Lynne; Kalberg, Jemma Robertson; Bruhn, Allison Leigh; Driscoll, Steven A.; Wehby, Joseph H.; Elliott, Stephen N.

    2009-01-01

    This study provides initial evidence for the reliability and structural validity of scores from the Primary Intervention Rating Scale (Lane, Robertson, & Wehby, 2002), an adapted version of the Intervention Rating Profile-15 (Witt & Elliott, 1985) designed to assess faculty's perceptions of social validity of primary prevention plans prior to…

  15. A Factor Analytic Study of the Loneliness and Social Dissatisfaction Scale in a Sample of African-American and Hispanic-American Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bagner, Daniel M.; Storch, Eric A.; Roberti, Jonathan W.

    2004-01-01

    This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Loneliness and Social Dissatisfaction Scale (LSDS) in a sample of African-American and Hispanic-American children. Participants were a non-clinical sample (N = 186) of children ages 11 to 13 in the fifth and sixth grades in a school in the Metropolitan New York area. Confirmatory factor…

  16. Evaluation of an Arabic Version of Children's Self-Report Social Skills Scale (CS[superscript 4]) Based on Item Response Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hussein, Mohamed Habashy

    2010-01-01

    The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of Children's Self-report Social Skills Scale (CS[superscript 4]) using a generalized partial credit model (GPCM). Data from 722 primary school children (401 boys and 321 girls) responses, in Egypt, were analyzed using GPCM. The results indicated that the 21 items are…

  17. Complex Inequalities of Educational Opportunities: A Large-Scale Longitudinal Study on the Relation between Gender, Social Class, Ethnicity, and School Success.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dekkers, Hetty P. J. M.; Bosker, Roel J.; Driessen, Geert W. J. M.

    2000-01-01

    Studied the relationships between gender, social class, ethnicity, and school success using data from a large-scale longitudinal database, the Dutch Secondary Education Students Cohort. Results show that school success is not always predicted by expected additive or multiplicative effects of the different background variables. Discusses…

  18. Provision of genetic services in Europe: current practices and issues

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Béatrice Godard; Helena Kääriäinen; Ulf Kristoffersson; Lisbeth Tranebjaerg; Domenico Coviello; Ségolène Aymé

    2003-01-01

    This paper examines the professional and scientific views on the social, ethical and legal issues that impact on the provision of genetic services in Europe. Many aspects have been considered, such as the definition and the aims of genetic services, their organization, the quality assessment, public education, as well as the partnership with patients support groups and the multicultural aspects.

  19. Base Rates of Social Skills Acquisition/Performance Deficits, Strengths, and Problem Behaviors: An Analysis of the Social Skills Improvement System-Rating Scales

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gresham, Frank M.; Elliott, Stephen N.; Kettler, Ryan J.

    2010-01-01

    Base rate information is important in clinical assessment because one cannot know how unusual or typical a phenomenon is without first knowing its base rate in the population. This study empirically determined the base rates of social skills acquisition and performance deficits, social skills strengths, and problem behaviors using a nationally…

  20. The Hispanic Women's Social Stressor Scale: Understanding the Multiple Social Stressors of U.S.- and Mexico-Born Hispanic Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodkind, Jessica R.; Gonzales, Melissa; Malcoe, Lorraine H.; Espinosa, Judith

    2008-01-01

    Measurement of social stressors among Hispanic women is a growing and important area of study, particularly in terms of understanding explanatory mechanisms for health disparities. This study involved adaptation of the Hispanic Stress Inventory and the Latin American Stress Inventory to create a measure of social stressors specifically for both…

  1. Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schaffhauser, Dian

    2009-01-01

    The common approach to scaling, according to Christopher Dede, a professor of learning technologies at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, is to jump in and say, "Let's go out and find more money, recruit more participants, hire more people. Let's just keep doing the same thing, bigger and bigger." That, he observes, "tends to fail, and fail…

  2. Test Review: F. M. Gresham & S. N. Elliott "Social Skills Improvement System Rating Scales." Minneapolis, Minnesota--NCS Pearson, 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crosby, James W.

    2011-01-01

    The "Social Skills Improvement System" (SSIS; Gresham & Elliot, 2008) is designed to assist in the screening and classification of students (ages 8 to 18) who are suspected of having significant social skills deficits, and to offer support in the development of interventions for those found to display significant social skills impairments.…

  3. Brief Report: Adaptation of the Italian Version of the Tromso Social Intelligence Scale to the Adolescent Population

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gini, Gianluca

    2006-01-01

    Social intelligence is a construct that has shown promising practical applications, but its use in research and applied settings has been limited by definitional problems and the complexity of most existing measures of social intelligence. The goal of the present study was to adapt the Italian version [Gini & Iotti (2004) "La Tromso Social

  4. Promoting universal financial protection: constraints and enabling factors in scaling-up coverage with social health insurance in Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) in Nigeria was launched in 2005 as part of efforts by the federal government to achieve universal coverage using financial risk protection mechanisms. However, only 4% of the population, and mainly federal government employees, are currently covered by health insurance and this is primarily through the Formal Sector Social Health Insurance Programme (FSSHIP) of the NHIS. This study aimed to understand why different state (sub-national) governments decided whether or not to adopt the FSSHIP for their employees. Methods This study used a comparative case study approach. Data were collected through document reviews and 48 in-depth interviews with policy makers, programme managers, health providers, and civil servant leaders. Results Although the programme’s benefits seemed acceptable to state policy makers and the intended beneficiaries (employees), the feasibility of employer contributions, concerns about transparency in the NHIS and the role of states in the FSSHIP, the roles of policy champions such as state governors and resistance by employees to making contributions, all influenced the decision of state governments on adoption. Overall, the power of state governments over state-level health reforms, attributed to the prevailing system of government that allows states to deliberate on certain national-level policies, enhanced by the NHIS legislation that made adoption voluntary, enabled states to adopt or not to adopt the program. Conclusions The study demonstrates and supports observations that even when the content of a programme is generally acceptable, context, actor roles, and the wider implications of programme design on actor interests can explain decision on policy adoption. Policy implementers involved in scaling-up the NHIS programme need to consider the prevailing contextual factors, and effectively engage policy champions to overcome known challenges in order to encourage adoption by sub-national governments. Policy makers and implementers in countries scaling-up health insurance coverage should, early enough, develop strategies to overcome political challenges inherent in the path to scaling-up, to avoid delay or stunting of the process. They should also consider the potential pitfalls of reforms that first focus on civil servants, especially when the use of public funds potentially compromises coverage for other citizens. PMID:23764306

  5. Job Security Provisions and Employment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward P Lazear

    1990-01-01

    European countries have enacted various job security provisions over the last thirty years. Employers are required to pay workers on separation or to give advance notice of termination. In anything less than a perfectly functioning market, there are effects of the provisions on employment. Incumbents are more likely to retain their jobs, but new workers are less likely to be

  6. Scales

    ScienceCinema

    Murray Gibson

    2010-01-08

    Musical scales involve notes that, sounded simultaneously (chords), sound good together. The result is the left brain meeting the right brain ? a Pythagorean interval of overlapping notes. This synergy would suggest less difference between the working of the right brain and the left brain than common wisdom would dictate. The pleasing sound of harmony comes when two notes share a common harmonic, meaning that their frequencies are in simple integer ratios, such as 3/2 (G/C) or 5/4 (E/C).

  7. 40 CFR 1033.150 - Interim provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Interim provisions. 1033.150 Section 1033.150 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...LOCOMOTIVES Emission Standards and Related Requirements § 1033.150 Interim provisions. The provisions...

  8. 7 CFR 1033.1 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false General provisions. 1033.1 Section 1033.1 Agriculture Regulations of the Department... Order Regulating Handling General Provisions § 1033.1 General provisions. The terms,...

  9. 7 CFR 1033.1 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true General provisions. 1033.1 Section 1033.1 Agriculture Regulations of the Department... Order Regulating Handling General Provisions § 1033.1 General provisions. The terms,...

  10. 7 CFR 1033.1 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false General provisions. 1033.1 Section 1033.1 Agriculture Regulations of the Department... Order Regulating Handling General Provisions § 1033.1 General provisions. The terms,...

  11. 40 CFR 1033.150 - Interim provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Interim provisions. 1033.150 Section 1033.150 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...LOCOMOTIVES Emission Standards and Related Requirements § 1033.150 Interim provisions. The provisions...

  12. 7 CFR 1033.1 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false General provisions. 1033.1 Section 1033.1 Agriculture Regulations of the Department... Order Regulating Handling General Provisions § 1033.1 General provisions. The terms,...

  13. 7 CFR 1033.1 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true General provisions. 1033.1 Section 1033.1 Agriculture Regulations of the Department... Order Regulating Handling General Provisions § 1033.1 General provisions. The terms,...

  14. Development and reliability of a scale of physical-activity related informal social control for parents of Chinese pre-schoolers

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Parents’ perceived informal social control, defined as the informal ways residents intervene to create a safe and orderly neighbourhood environment, may influence young children’s physical activity (PA) in the neighbourhood. This study aimed to develop and test the reliability of a scale of PA-related informal social control relevant to Chinese parents/caregivers of pre-schoolers (children aged 3 to 5 years) living in Hong Kong. Methods Nominal Group Technique (NGT), a structured, multi-step brainstorming technique, was conducted with two groups of caregivers (mainly parents; n?=?11) of Hong Kong pre-schoolers in June 2011. Items collected in the NGT sessions and those generated by a panel of experts were used to compile a list of items (n?=?22) for a preliminary version of a questionnaire of informal social control. The newly-developed scale was tested with 20 Chinese-speaking parents/caregivers using cognitive interviews (August 2011). The modified scale, including all 22 original items of which a few were slightly reworded, was subsequently administered on two occasions, a week apart, to 61 Chinese parents/caregivers of Hong Kong pre-schoolers in early 2012. The test-retest reliability and internal consistency of the items and scale were examined using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC), paired t-tests, relative percentages of shifts in responses to items, and Cronbach’s ? coefficient. Results Thirteen items generated by parents/caregivers and nine items generated by the panel of experts (total 22 items) were included in a first working version of the scale and classified into three subscales: “Personal involvement and general informal supervision”, “Civic engagement for the creation of a better neighbourhood environment” and “Educating and assisting neighbourhood children”. Twenty out of 22 items showed moderate to excellent test-test reliability (ICC range: 0.40-0.81). All three subscales of informal social control showed acceptable levels of internal consistency (Cronbach's ? >0.70). Conclusions A reliable scale examining PA-related informal social control relevant to Chinese parents/caregivers of pre-schoolers living in Hong Kong was developed. Further studies should examine the factorial validity of the scale, its associations with Chinese children’s PA and its appropriateness for other populations of parents of young children. PMID:25030499

  15. 7 CFR 4288.131 - Payment provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...OF AGRICULTURE PAYMENT PROGRAMS Advanced Biofuel Payment Program General Provisions Payment... Payment provisions. Payments to advanced biofuel producers for eligible advanced biofuel production will be determined in...

  16. Evidence from Virtual Social Work Practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julia Waldman; Jackie Rafferty

    2006-01-01

    The emergence of e-society impacts in sophisticated ways our day-to-day lives. In turn, this affects the provision of social work and social support to communities, including young people. The development and subsequent evaluation in the United Kingdom (UK) of a virtual or on-line social work service for young people provides an opportunity to reflect on how e-provision may require fieldwork

  17. Factorial Validity and Reliability of the Malaysian Simplified Chinese Version of Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS-SCV) Among a Group of University Students.

    PubMed

    Guan, Ng Chong; Seng, Loh Huai; Hway Ann, Anne Yee; Hui, Koh Ong

    2015-03-01

    This study was aimed at validating the simplified Chinese version of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Support (MSPSS-SCV) among a group of medical and dental students in University Malaya. Two hundred and two students who took part in this study were given the MSPSS-SCV, the Medical Outcome Study social support survey, the Malay version of the Beck Depression Inventory, the Malay version of the General Health Questionnaire, and the English version of the MSPSS. After 1 week, these students were again required to complete the MSPSS-SCV but with the item sequences shuffled. This scale displayed excellent internal consistency (Cronbach's ? = .924), high test-retest reliability (.71), parallel form reliability (.92; Spearman's ?, P < .01), and validity. In conclusion, the MSPSS-SCV demonstrated sound psychometric properties in measuring social support among a group of medical and dental students. It could therefore be used as a simple screening tool among young educated Malaysian adolescents. PMID:23449622

  18. Leo Szilard Lectureship Award Talk - Universal Scaling Laws from Cells to Cities; A Physicist's Search for Quantitative, Unified Theories of Biological and Social Structure and Dynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    West, Geoffrey

    2013-04-01

    Many of the most challenging, exciting and profound questions facing science and society, from the origins of life to global sustainability, fall under the banner of ``complex adaptive systems.'' This talk explores how scaling can be used to begin to develop physics-inspired quantitative, predictive, coarse-grained theories for understanding their structure, dynamics and organization based on underlying mathematisable principles. Remarkably, most physiological, organisational and life history phenomena in biology and socio-economic systems scale in a simple and ``universal'' fashion: metabolic rate scales approximately as the 3/4-power of mass over 27 orders of magnitude from complex molecules to the largest organisms. Time-scales (such as lifespans and growth-rates) and sizes (such as genome lengths and RNA densities) scale with exponents which are typically simple multiples of 1/4, suggesting that fundamental constraints underlie much of the generic structure and dynamics of living systems. These scaling laws follow from dynamical and geometrical properties of space-filling, fractal-like, hierarchical branching networks, presumed optimised by natural selection. This leads to a general framework that potentially captures essential features of diverse systems including vasculature, ontogenetic growth, cancer, aging and mortality, sleep, cell size, and DNA nucleotide substitution rates. Cities and companies also scale: wages, profits, patents, crime, disease, pollution, road lengths scale similarly across the globe, reflecting underlying universal social network dynamics which point to general principles of organization transcending their individuality. These have dramatic implications for global sustainability: innovation and wealth creation that fuel social systems, left unchecked, potentially sow the seeds for their inevitable collapse.

  19. Exploring the role of ICT in the provision of integrated care--evidence from eight countries.

    PubMed

    Lluch, Maria; Abadie, Fabienne

    2013-06-01

    This research aimed to identify the role of telehealthcare in the provision of integrated care in thirty-one experiences across eight different European countries, namely: Denmark, Estonia, Germany, France, Italy, Netherlands, Spain and the UK. Experiences were analysed from three perspectives: diffusion of innovations, governance and impact, which led to the identification of a set of drivers and barriers for widespread deployment. The analysis also found that telehealthcare developments were strongly in line with developments towards the delivery of integrated care and thus support this process. Factors which contribute to the successful delivery of integrated care, such as aligned incentives, sound governance and evidence consolidation, were identified across the most successful experiences. Although the decision to mainstream telehealthcare will remain a value judgement, the analysis of best practices across experiences allowed us to identify factors which could enable decision makers to assess both the state of maturity of the health and social care environments and their readiness to scale up. PMID:23587547

  20. Constitution, 1989. [Selected provisions].

    PubMed

    1989-01-01

    Chapter XII of the Hungarian Constitution, 1989, details the Fundamental Rights and Duties of Citizens. Everyone lawfully within the territory of Hungary has the right to liberty of movement and the freedom to choose his or her residence, except when restricted by law, including the right to leave his or her residence or county. The Republic of Hungary grants asylum to foreign citizens who were persecuted for racial, religious ethnic, linguistic, or political reasons. Men and women shall equally enjoy all civil, political, economic, social and political rights. Mothers are entitled to special care and protection before and after childbirth; women and juveniles are protected at work by special regulations. Every child has the right to special care an assistance from his or her family, the State, and society, for appropriate physical, spiritual, and moral development. Parents shall decide the kind of education their children receive. Hungary grants equal rights to all person within its territories, without regard to race, color, sex, language, religion, political, or other opinion, national, and social origin, property, birth and other status. Prejudicial discrimination shall be severely punished. Everyone has the right to work, to the free choice of employment and profession and to equal pay for equal work. Citizens have the right to social security, including social services necessary in old age, sickness, disability, widowhood, orphanhood an unemployment through no fault of their own. Hungary guarantees the right to culture for its citizens and realized this right by free and compulsory elementary education, by secondary and higher education which is accessible to all on the basis of capacity, and by the financial support of those receiving an education. PMID:12344373

  1. Dolly: Virtualization-driven Database Provisioning for the Cloud

    E-print Network

    Shenoy, Prashant

    particular periods, e.g., during Black Friday, marketing campaigns, or a new product launch. One possible applications for two reasons. First, it is often difficult to estimate the peak workload of an Internet platforms such as Amazon's EC2 platform already support dynamic provisioning (aka "auto scaling") where

  2. The Child Care and Development Block Grant and Child Care Grants to States under Title IV-A of the Social Security Act: A Description of Major Provisions and Issues To Consider in Implementation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blank, Helen

    The Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) and Grants to States under Title IV-A of the Social Security Act for At-Risk Child Care are two recently passed federal child care bills. These bills offer states a unique opportunity to review the ways state and federal child care and early childhood programs work together to support children and…

  3. Managing small-scale commercial fisheries for adaptive capacity: insights from dynamic social-ecological drivers of change in monterey bay.

    PubMed

    Aguilera, Stacy E; Cole, Jennifer; Finkbeiner, Elena M; Le Cornu, Elodie; Ban, Natalie C; Carr, Mark H; Cinner, Joshua E; Crowder, Larry B; Gelcich, Stefan; Hicks, Christina C; Kittinger, John N; Martone, Rebecca; Malone, Daniel; Pomeroy, Carrie; Starr, Richard M; Seram, Sanah; Zuercher, Rachel; Broad, Kenneth

    2015-01-01

    Globally, small-scale fisheries are influenced by dynamic climate, governance, and market drivers, which present social and ecological challenges and opportunities. It is difficult to manage fisheries adaptively for fluctuating drivers, except to allow participants to shift effort among multiple fisheries. Adapting to changing conditions allows small-scale fishery participants to survive economic and environmental disturbances and benefit from optimal conditions. This study explores the relative influence of large-scale drivers on shifts in effort and outcomes among three closely linked fisheries in Monterey Bay since the Magnuson-Stevens Fisheries Conservation and Management Act of 1976. In this region, Pacific sardine (Sardinops sagax), northern anchovy (Engraulis mordax), and market squid (Loligo opalescens) fisheries comprise a tightly linked system where shifting focus among fisheries is a key element to adaptive capacity and reduced social and ecological vulnerability. Using a cluster analysis of landings, we identify four modes from 1974 to 2012 that are dominated (i.e., a given species accounting for the plurality of landings) by squid, sardine, anchovy, or lack any dominance, and seven points of transition among these periods. This approach enables us to determine which drivers are associated with each mode and each transition. Overall, we show that market and climate drivers are predominantly attributed to dominance transitions. Model selection of external drivers indicates that governance phases, reflected as perceived abundance, dictate long-term outcomes. Our findings suggest that globally, small-scale fishery managers should consider enabling shifts in effort among fisheries and retaining existing flexibility, as adaptive capacity is a critical determinant for social and ecological resilience. PMID:25790464

  4. Development and psychometric properties of a new social support scale for self-care in middle-aged patients with type II diabetes (S4-MAD)

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Social support has proved to be one of the most effective factors on the success of diabetic self-care. This study aimed to develop a scale for evaluating social support for self-care in middle-aged patients (30–60 years old) with type II diabetes. Methods This was a two-phase qualitative and quantitative study. The study was conducted during 2009 to 2011 in Tehran, Iran. In the qualitative part, a sample of diabetic patients participated in four focus group discussions in order to develop a preliminary item pool. Consequently, content and face validity were performed to provide a pre-final version of the questionnaire. Then, in a quantitative study, reliability (internal consistency and test-retest analysis), validity and factor analysis (both exploratory and confirmatory) were performed to assess psychometric properties of the scale. Results A 38-item questionnaire was developed through the qualitative phase. It was reduced to a 33-item after content validity. Exploratory factor analysis loaded a 30-item with a five-factor solution (nutrition, physical activity, self monitoring of blood glucose, foot care and smoking) that jointly accounted for 72.3% of observed variance. The confirmatory factor analysis indicated a good fit to the data. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient showed excellent internal consistency (alpha=0.94), and test-retest of the scale with 2-weeks intervals indicated an appropriate stability for the scale (ICC=0.87). Conclusion The findings showed that the designed questionnaire was a valid and reliable instrument for measuring social support for self-care in middle-aged patients with type II diabetes. It is an easy to use questionnaire and contains the most significant diabetes related behaviors that need continuous support for self-care. PMID:23190685

  5. Managing Small-Scale Commercial Fisheries for Adaptive Capacity: Insights from Dynamic Social-Ecological Drivers of Change in Monterey Bay

    PubMed Central

    Aguilera, Stacy E.; Cole, Jennifer; Finkbeiner, Elena M.; Le Cornu, Elodie; Ban, Natalie C.; Carr, Mark H.; Cinner, Joshua E.; Crowder, Larry B.; Gelcich, Stefan; Hicks, Christina C.; Kittinger, John N.; Martone, Rebecca; Malone, Daniel; Pomeroy, Carrie; Starr, Richard M.; Seram, Sanah; Zuercher, Rachel; Broad, Kenneth

    2015-01-01

    Globally, small-scale fisheries are influenced by dynamic climate, governance, and market drivers, which present social and ecological challenges and opportunities. It is difficult to manage fisheries adaptively for fluctuating drivers, except to allow participants to shift effort among multiple fisheries. Adapting to changing conditions allows small-scale fishery participants to survive economic and environmental disturbances and benefit from optimal conditions. This study explores the relative influence of large-scale drivers on shifts in effort and outcomes among three closely linked fisheries in Monterey Bay since the Magnuson-Stevens Fisheries Conservation and Management Act of 1976. In this region, Pacific sardine (Sardinops sagax), northern anchovy (Engraulis mordax), and market squid (Loligo opalescens) fisheries comprise a tightly linked system where shifting focus among fisheries is a key element to adaptive capacity and reduced social and ecological vulnerability. Using a cluster analysis of landings, we identify four modes from 1974 to 2012 that are dominated (i.e., a given species accounting for the plurality of landings) by squid, sardine, anchovy, or lack any dominance, and seven points of transition among these periods. This approach enables us to determine which drivers are associated with each mode and each transition. Overall, we show that market and climate drivers are predominantly attributed to dominance transitions. Model selection of external drivers indicates that governance phases, reflected as perceived abundance, dictate long-term outcomes. Our findings suggest that globally, small-scale fishery managers should consider enabling shifts in effort among fisheries and retaining existing flexibility, as adaptive capacity is a critical determinant for social and ecological resilience. PMID:25790464

  6. Bilateral Social Security Instruments Concluded between European Socialist Countries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Popescu, Andrei

    1982-01-01

    Presents a review of existing bilateral treaties, conventions, and agreements in the field of social policy concluded between European socialist countries. It summarizes their basic principles, their social security provisions (old-age benefit, employment injury benefits, cash benefits for sickness and maternity), and the provisions concerning…

  7. Social support provided by adolescents following a disaster and perceived social support, sense of community at school, and proactive coping

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anna Bokszczanin

    2012-01-01

    Heightened levels of support provision are systematically observed in adults immediately following natural disasters, yet knowledge about adolescents’ social support provision is less extensive. This longitudinal study of 262 adolescents assessed their help-providing behaviors during and after a flood. It was hypothesized that social support provided by adolescents would relate to subsequent perceptions of their relationships with others and perceptions

  8. Social support provided by adolescents following a disaster and perceived social support, sense of community at school, and proactive coping

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anna Bokszczanin

    2011-01-01

    Heightened levels of support provision are systematically observed in adults immediately following natural disasters, yet knowledge about adolescents’ social support provision is less extensive. This longitudinal study of 262 adolescents assessed their help-providing behaviors during and after a flood. It was hypothesized that social support provided by adolescents would relate to subsequent perceptions of their relationships with others and perceptions

  9. PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION Programme name Advanced Practice in Health and Social Care (Nursing)

    E-print Network

    Weyde, Tillman

    The MSc Advanced Practice in Health and Social Care (Nursing) is a flexible, professionally orientated in the latest theoretical and clinical developments relating to nursing and health and social care provision: Critically appraise the nature of health and social care provision and further develop your role

  10. Adolescent's perception of peer substance use in relation to social relationship and the neighbourhood social capital.

    PubMed

    Kowalewska, Anna; Mazur, Joanna

    2013-01-01

    The objective of the study was to examine the relationship between the perception of selected peer behaviours, social relationships and the neighbourhood social capital among 15-year-old adolescents in Poland. Research was carried out in 2010 as part of a successive series of the HBSC international studies on health behaviours in school-aged children (Health Behaviour in School-aged Children: AWHO Collaborative Cross-national Study). 1551 students in the third grade of junior high schools were surveyed (762 boys and 789 girls). The standard, international, anonymous HBSC questionnaire was used in the surveys. In the analyses the scales for perception of male and female risky peer behaviours, the scales for communication with peers as well as the scales of confidence in friends, social competences and the social capital were used. It was found that the perception among respondents of their male and female friends as individuals engaging in risky behaviours (tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, getting drunk) was widespread. Almost 40% of respondents claimed that all or most of their friends smoked cigarettes; one in two respondents was of the opinion that they drank alcohol; and one in ten that they get drunk. In the analyses comprising linear regression it was demonstrated that as the intensity of risky peer behaviours increases, selected social relationships deteriorate; this particularly applies to the general assessment of social capital. With regard to preventive measures aimed at counteracting risky behaviours among adolescents more attention should be paid to compliance with the provisions of law on tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption by minors among private individuals as well as those professionally dealing with law enforcement. An important task is also to raise the awareness of adolescents and adults of the relationship between young people engaging in risky behaviours and declining confidence in individuals and formal and informal institutions. PMID:24501804

  11. Progressive Provisioning by the Females of the Earwig, Anisolabis maritima, Increases the Survival Rate of the Young

    PubMed Central

    Suzuki, Seizi

    2010-01-01

    Provisioning the young is an important form of insect parental care and is believed to improve the survival and growth of the young. Anisolabis maritima Bonelli (Dermaptera: Anisolabididae) is a cosmopolitan species of earwig that shows sub-social behavior in which the females tend clutches of eggs in soil burrows. The defensive and provisioning behaviors of these females were examined in this study. When disturbed, maternal individuals abandoned the nest less than non-maternal individuals. Females brought food to the nest after their eggs hatched, and the survival of the nymphs was increased by provisioning. Even when mothers were removed, providing food to the nymphs increased survival as well as when the nymphs were provisioned by the mother. These results show that A. maritima mothers provision the nymphs and that this provisioning improves their survival. PMID:21062141

  12. Can the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale - Self-Report Version Be Used to Differentiate Clinical and Non-Clinical SAD Groups among Brazilians?

    PubMed Central

    Santos, Larissa F.; Loureiro, Sonia R.; Crippa, José A. S.; Osório, Flávia L.

    2015-01-01

    Background The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) was the first evaluation instrument developed for screening for the signs and symptoms of Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) and is currently still the most used worldwide. The aim of this study is to evaluate the ability of the LSAS - self-report version (LSAS-SR) to discriminate different Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) clinical groups. Method The sample was composed of Brazilians university students, allocated into three different groups, i.e., cases (C=118), non-cases (NC=95) and subclinical cases (SC=39). To achieve the aim, calculations of the ROC Curve and ANOVA were performed. Results The results found were excellent regardless of the technique used, highlighting the discriminatory capacity of the LSAS-SR. The score equal to or greater than 32 is suggested as a cutoff score for the Brazilian population, since this presented balance between the standards evaluated and the ability to differentiate both clinical and subclinical SAD cases from non-cases. Conclusion Despite the specific sample used in this study being composed only of university students, the use of the LSAS-SR can be indicated, in the Brazilian setting, for SAD screening in both clinical and research contexts. PMID:25811489

  13. Assuring Quality in Collaborative Provision.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bocock, Jean; Edwards, Judith

    1998-01-01

    This bulletin is intended to help British further education colleges clarify their rationale for entering into collaborative programs, assess prospective partners, define and implement good practice at all stages of provision, and establish rigorous quality assurance procedures. Following an introduction, Further Education Funding Council…

  14. Sequential Provision of Public Goods

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hal R. Varian

    1994-01-01

    I consider the private provision of public goods in two stage games. If the agent who likes the public good least contributes first, the amount of the public good supplied will be the same as in the Nash equilibrium. If the agent who likes the public good most contributes first, less of the public good may be supplied. Similar results

  15. PROPOSED ENERGY PROVISIONS OF THE

    E-print Network

    , as established in the Alternative Calculation Method Reference Manual approved by the Energy Commission PROPOSED ENERGY PROVISIONS OF THE CALIFORNIA GREEN BUILDING STANDARDS CODE PART 11 OF THE CALIFORNIA BUILDING CODE (also known as CalGreen) OCTOBER 2012 CEC400201201215DAY CALIFORNIA ENERGY

  16. Study diluvium: general provisions.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rudoy, A.

    2012-04-01

    Diluvium is a term in geology for superficial deposits formed by flood-like operations of water, and so contrasted with alluvium or alluvial deposits formed by slow and steady aqueous agencies. The term was formerly given to the boulder clay deposits, supposed to have been caused by the Noachian deluge. In the late 20th century Russian geologist Alexei Rudoy proposed the term "diluvium" for description of deposits created as a result of catastrophic outbursts of Pleistocene giant glacier-dammed lakes in intermontane basins of the Altai.[1] The largest of these lakes - Chuya and Kuray, had a volume of water in hundreds of cubic kilometers, and their discharge in peak hydrograph flow rate exceeded the maximum rates of the well-known Pleistocene Lake Missoula in North America. The term "diluvium" in the meaning of A. N. Rudoy has become accepted, and the process of diluvial morpholithogenesis can be found in modern textbooks. Flood deposits of the Altai region Nearly all intermountain depressions in southern Siberia and northern Mongolia hosted glacier-dammed lakes during the Pleistocene ice ages. Climatic changes and hydrostatic alterations of the ice dams were followed by repeated fillings and releases of the basin lakes. The lake outbursts had a cataclysmic character. In accordance with climatic conditions, the glaciers would protrude again into the main drainage valleys immediately after dam deformations and lake outbursts and would again dam the basins. The greatest of the lakes (Lakes Chuya, Kuray, Uymon, Darkhat and others) achieved volumes up to hundreds of cubic kilometres, while the discharges of the outburst floods reached millions of cubic metres per second. These floods transformed the drainage valleys, repeatedly building new sediment deposits. The dating of the latter proves the occurrence of large-scale floods in the Chuya and the Katun River valleys in the interval between 23 and 7 thousand years ago. During that period there were at least five large-scale flooding events. Enormous water masses were drained simultaneously and repeatedly towards the south of West Siberia. The total water volume out of the Altai basins only used to reach 10 thousand cubic kilometres. With some periodicity, all of the basins of South Siberia were able to deliver northwards about 60 thousand cubic kilometres of flood waters[1].

  17. Integration of the biophysical and social sciences using an indicator approach: Addressing water problems at different scales

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Caroline A. Sullivan; Jeremy R Meigh

    2007-01-01

    To be operationally sustainable, any system of environmental management needs to be based on a truly holistic assessment of\\u000a all of the relevant factors influencing it. This is of course a daunting task, demanding as it does detailed and reliable\\u000a data, not only from both the physical and social sciences, but also incorporating some representation of that part of knowledge

  18. 48 CFR 1480.802 - Representation provision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Representation provision. 1480.802 Section...ACQUISITIONS UNDER THE BUY INDIAN ACT Representation by an Indian Economic Enterprise Offeror 1480.802 Representation provision. (a) IA...

  19. 48 CFR 1480.802 - Representation provision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Representation provision. 1480.802 Section...ACQUISITIONS UNDER THE BUY INDIAN ACT Representation by an Indian Economic Enterprise Offeror 1480.802 Representation provision. (a) IA...

  20. 7 CFR 4288.131 - Payment provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...OF AGRICULTURE PAYMENT PROGRAMS Advanced Biofuel Payment Program General Provisions § 4288.131 Payment provisions. Payments to advanced biofuel producers for eligible advanced biofuel production will be determined in...

  1. 7 CFR 4288.131 - Payment provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...OF AGRICULTURE PAYMENT PROGRAMS Advanced Biofuel Payment Program General Provisions § 4288.131 Payment provisions. Payments to advanced biofuel producers for eligible advanced biofuel production will be determined in...

  2. 48 CFR 217.7601 - Provisioning.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...contracts with provisioning requirements. (b) For technical requirements of provisioning, see DoD 4140.1-R, DoD Supply Chain Materiel Management Regulation, Chapter 2, Section C2.2. [71 FR 27643, May 12,...

  3. 48 CFR 217.7601 - Provisioning.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...contracts with provisioning requirements. (b) For technical requirements of provisioning, see DoD 4140.1-R, DoD Supply Chain Materiel Management Regulation, Chapter 2, Section C2.2. [71 FR 27643, May 12,...

  4. 48 CFR 217.7601 - Provisioning.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...contracts with provisioning requirements. (b) For technical requirements of provisioning, see DoD 4140.1-R, DoD Supply Chain Materiel Management Regulation, Chapter 2, Section C2.2. [71 FR 27643, May 12,...

  5. 48 CFR 217.7601 - Provisioning.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...contracts with provisioning requirements. (b) For technical requirements of provisioning, see DoD 4140.1-R, DoD Supply Chain Materiel Management Regulation, Chapter 2, Section C2.2. [71 FR 27643, May 12,...

  6. 48 CFR 217.7601 - Provisioning.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...contracts with provisioning requirements. (b) For technical requirements of provisioning, see DoD 4140.1-R, DoD Supply Chain Materiel Management Regulation, Chapter 2, Section C2.2. [71 FR 27643, May 12,...

  7. 45 CFR 74.48 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...following provisions in all contracts. The following provisions...subcontracts: (a) Contracts in excess of the...contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide...supplying labor and material in the execution...

  8. 38 CFR 49.48 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...following provisions in all contracts. The following provisions...subcontracts. (a) Contracts in excess of the...contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide...supplying labor and material in the execution...

  9. 2 CFR 215.48 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...following provisions in all contracts. The following provisions...subcontracts. (a) Contracts in excess of the...contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide...supplying labor and material in the execution...

  10. 7 CFR 3019.48 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...following provisions in all contracts. The following provisions...subcontracts. (a) Contracts in excess of the...contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide...supplying labor and material in the execution...

  11. 34 CFR 74.48 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...following provisions in all contracts. The following provisions...subcontracts: (a) Contracts in excess of the...contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide...supplying labor and material in the execution...

  12. 32 CFR 32.48 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...following provisions in all contracts. The following provisions...subcontracts: (a) Contracts in excess of the...contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide...supplying labor and material in the execution...

  13. 22 CFR 518.48 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...following provisions in all contracts. The following provisions...subcontracts. (a) Contracts in excess of the...contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide...supplying labor and material in the execution...

  14. 14 CFR 1274.509 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...following provisions in all contracts. The following provisions...subcontracts: (a) Contracts in excess of the...contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide...supplying labor and material in the execution...

  15. 40 CFR 30.48 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...following provisions in all contracts. The following provisions...subcontracts. (a) Contracts in excess of the...contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide...supplying labor and material in the execution...

  16. 22 CFR 226.48 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...following provisions in all contracts. The following provisions...subcontracts. (a) Contracts in excess of the...contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide...supplying labor and material in the execution...

  17. 24 CFR 84.48 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...following provisions in all contracts. The following provisions...subcontracts. (a) Contracts in excess of the...contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide...supplying labor and material in the execution...

  18. 29 CFR 95.48 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...following provisions in all contracts. The following provisions...subcontracts: (a) Contracts in excess of the...contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide...supplying labor and material in the execution...

  19. 45 CFR 2543.48 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...following provisions in all contracts. The following provisions...subcontracts. (a) Contracts in excess of the...contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide...supplying labor and material in the execution...

  20. 10 CFR 600.148 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...following provisions in all contracts. The following provisions...subcontracts. (a) Contracts in excess of the...contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide...supplying labor and material in the execution...

  1. 20 CFR 435.48 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...following provisions in all contracts. The following provisions...subcontracts: (a) Contracts in excess of the...contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide...supplying labor and material in the execution...

  2. 14 CFR 1260.148 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...following provisions in all contracts. The following provisions...subcontracts. (a) Contracts in excess of the...contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide...supplying labor and material in the execution...

  3. 28 CFR 70.48 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...following provisions in all contracts. The following provisions...subcontracts. (a) Contracts in excess of the...contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide...supplying labor and material in the execution...

  4. 49 CFR 19.48 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...following provisions in all contracts. The following provisions...subcontracts. (a) Contracts in excess of the...contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide...supplying labor and material in the execution...

  5. 48 CFR 225.7605 - Solicitation provision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Secondary Arab Boycott of Israel 225.7605 Solicitation provision. Unless an exception...the provision at 252.225-7031, Secondary Arab Boycott of Israel, in all solicitations, including solicitations using...

  6. 48 CFR 225.7605 - Solicitation provision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Secondary Arab Boycott of Israel 225.7605 Solicitation provision. Unless an exception...the provision at 252.225-7031, Secondary Arab Boycott of Israel, in all solicitations, including solicitations using...

  7. 10 CFR 905.34 - Adjustment provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Adjustment provisions. 905.34 Section 905.34 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT PROGRAM Power Marketing Initiative § 905.34 Adjustment provisions. Western reserves the right to...

  8. 7 CFR 1430.314 - Miscellaneous provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Miscellaneous provisions. 1430.314 Section 1430.314 Agriculture Regulations of the Department... 2004 Dairy Disaster Assistance Payment Program § 1430.314 Miscellaneous provisions. (a)...

  9. 7 CFR 1430.614 - Miscellaneous provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Miscellaneous provisions. 1430.614 Section 1430.614 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...Disaster Assistance Payment Program II (DDAP-II) § 1430.614 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) CCC...

  10. 7 CFR 1735.60 - Specific provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Mortgage Controls on Acquisitions and Mergers § 1735.60 Specific...certain provisions concerning mergers and acquisitions: (1) Article II...other provisions concerning mergers and acquisitions. [54 FR 14626,...

  11. 7 CFR 4280.313 - Grant provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Grant provisions. 4280.313 Section 4280...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS AND GRANTS Rural Microentrepreneur Assistance Program § 4280.313 Grant provisions. (a) General. The...

  12. 7 CFR 4280.313 - Grant provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Grant provisions. 4280.313 Section 4280...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS AND GRANTS Rural Microentrepreneur Assistance Program § 4280.313 Grant provisions. (a) General. The...

  13. 7 CFR 4280.313 - Grant provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Grant provisions. 4280.313 Section 4280...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS AND GRANTS Rural Microentrepreneur Assistance Program § 4280.313 Grant provisions. (a) General. The...

  14. 7 CFR 4280.313 - Grant provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Grant provisions. 4280.313 Section 4280...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS AND GRANTS Rural Microentrepreneur Assistance Program § 4280.313 Grant provisions. (a) General. The...

  15. 40 CFR 1033.701 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false General provisions. 1033.701 Section 1033.701 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...Averaging, Banking, and Trading for Certification § 1033.701 General provisions. (a) You may...

  16. 40 CFR 1033.701 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false General provisions. 1033.701 Section 1033.701 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...Averaging, Banking, and Trading for Certification § 1033.701 General provisions. (a) You may...

  17. 40 CFR 1033.701 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false General provisions. 1033.701 Section 1033.701 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...Averaging, Banking, and Trading for Certification § 1033.701 General provisions. (a) You may...

  18. 40 CFR 1033.405 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false General provisions. 1033.405 Section 1033.405 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...OF EMISSIONS FROM LOCOMOTIVES In-use Testing § 1033.405 General provisions. (a) Each...

  19. 40 CFR 1033.701 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General provisions. 1033.701 Section 1033.701 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...Averaging, Banking, and Trading for Certification § 1033.701 General provisions. (a) You may...

  20. 40 CFR 1033.405 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false General provisions. 1033.405 Section 1033.405 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...OF EMISSIONS FROM LOCOMOTIVES In-use Testing § 1033.405 General provisions. (a) Each...

  1. 40 CFR 1033.405 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false General provisions. 1033.405 Section 1033.405 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...OF EMISSIONS FROM LOCOMOTIVES In-use Testing § 1033.405 General provisions. (a) Each...

  2. 40 CFR 1033.701 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false General provisions. 1033.701 Section 1033.701 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...Averaging, Banking, and Trading for Certification § 1033.701 General provisions. (a) You may...

  3. 40 CFR 1033.405 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false General provisions. 1033.405 Section 1033.405 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...OF EMISSIONS FROM LOCOMOTIVES In-use Testing § 1033.405 General provisions. (a) Each...

  4. 40 CFR 1033.405 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General provisions. 1033.405 Section 1033.405 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...OF EMISSIONS FROM LOCOMOTIVES In-use Testing § 1033.405 General provisions. (a) Each...

  5. 10 CFR 26.711 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false General provisions. 26.711 Section 26.711 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS Recordkeeping and Reporting Requirements § 26.711 General provisions. (a) Each...

  6. 50 CFR 27.41 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Disturbing Violations: With Weapons § 27.41 General provisions. Carrying, possessing, or discharging firearms, fireworks, or explosives on national wildlife refuges is prohibited unless specifically authorized under the provisions of this...

  7. 24 CFR 201.16 - Default provision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES TITLE I PROPERTY IMPROVEMENT AND MANUFACTURED HOME LOANS Loan and Note Provisions § 201.16 Default provision. The loan note shall contain a...

  8. 24 CFR 201.17 - Prepayment provision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES TITLE I PROPERTY IMPROVEMENT AND MANUFACTURED HOME LOANS Loan and Note Provisions § 201.17 Prepayment provision. The note shall contain a...

  9. 40 CFR 94.12 - Interim provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES General Provisions for Emission Regulations for Compression-Ignition Marine Engines § 94.12 Interim provisions. This...

  10. 40 CFR 94.12 - Interim provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES General Provisions for Emission Regulations for Compression-Ignition Marine Engines § 94.12 Interim provisions. This...

  11. 28 CFR 9.9 - Miscellaneous provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...provisions. 9.9 Section 9.9 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE REMISSION OR MITIGATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE, CIVIL, AND CRIMINAL FORFEITURES § 9.9 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) Priority...

  12. 28 CFR 9.9 - Miscellaneous provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Miscellaneous provisions. 9.9 Section 9.9 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE REMISSION OR MITIGATION OF CIVIL AND CRIMINAL FORFEITURES § 9.9 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) Priority of...

  13. 28 CFR 9.9 - Miscellaneous provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Miscellaneous provisions. 9.9 Section 9.9 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE REMISSION OR MITIGATION OF CIVIL AND CRIMINAL FORFEITURES § 9.9 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) Priority of...

  14. 28 CFR 9.9 - Miscellaneous provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...provisions. 9.9 Section 9.9 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE REMISSION OR MITIGATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE, CIVIL, AND CRIMINAL FORFEITURES § 9.9 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) Priority...

  15. 28 CFR 9.9 - Miscellaneous provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Miscellaneous provisions. 9.9 Section 9.9 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE REMISSION OR MITIGATION OF CIVIL AND CRIMINAL FORFEITURES § 9.9 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) Priority of...

  16. Integrating participatory community mobilization processes to improve dengue prevention: an eco-bio-social scaling up of local success in Machala, Ecuador

    PubMed Central

    Mitchell-Foster, Kendra; Ayala, Efraín Beltrán; Breilh, Jaime; Spiegel, Jerry; Wilches, Ana Arichabala; Leon, Tania Ordóñez; Delgado, Jefferson Adrian

    2015-01-01

    Background This project investigates the effectiveness and feasibility of scaling-up an eco-bio-social approach for implementing an integrated community-based approach for dengue prevention in comparison with existing insecticide-based and emerging biolarvicide-based programs in an endemic setting in Machala, Ecuador. Methods An integrated intervention strategy (IIS) for dengue prevention (an elementary school-based dengue education program, and clean patio and safe container program) was implemented in 10 intervention clusters from November 2012 to November 2013 using a randomized controlled cluster trial design (20 clusters: 10 intervention, 10 control; 100 households per cluster with 1986 total households). Current existing dengue prevention programs served as the control treatment in comparison clusters. Pupa per person index (PPI) is used as the main outcome measure. Particular attention was paid to social mobilization and empowerment with IIS. Results Overall, IIS was successful in reducing PPI levels in intervention communities versus control clusters, with intervention clusters in the six paired clusters that followed the study design experiencing a greater reduction of PPI compared to controls (2.2 OR, 95% CI: 1.2 to 4.7). Analysis of individual cases demonstrates that consideration for contexualizing programs and strategies to local neighborhoods can be very effective in reducing PPI for dengue transmission risk reduction. Conclusions In the rapidly evolving political climate for dengue control in Ecuador, integration of successful social mobilization and empowerment strategies with existing and emerging biolarvicide-based government dengue prevention and control programs is promising in reducing PPI and dengue transmission risk in southern coastal communities like Machala. However, more profound analysis of social determination of health is called for to assess sustainability prospects. PMID:25604763

  17. Proprietary Hospital Social Work: What Do We Know?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ortiz, Elizabeth Thompson; Bassoff, Betty Z.

    The rapid growth of the proprietary sector in the provision of social services creates a challenge for the social work profession. Little is known about social work services in for-profit organizations or about how they compare to similar non-profit settings. A comparative study was conducted of social work services in proprietary and non-profit…

  18. Health and the Structure of Adolescent Social Networks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haas, Steven A.; Schaefer, David R.; Kornienko, Olga

    2010-01-01

    Much research has explored the role of social networks in promoting health through the provision of social support. However, little work has examined how social networks themselves may be structured by health. This article investigates the link between individuals' health and the characteristics of their social network positions.We first develop…

  19. Do the disadvantaged legitimize the social system? A large-scale test of the status-legitimacy hypothesis.

    PubMed

    Brandt, Mark J

    2013-05-01

    System justification theory (SJT) posits that members of low-status groups are more likely to see their social systems as legitimate than members of high-status groups because members of low-status groups experience a sense of dissonance between system motivations and self/group motivations (Jost, Pelham, Sheldon, & Sullivan, 2003). The author examined the status-legitimacy hypothesis using data from 3 representative sets of data from the United States (American National Election Studies and General Social Surveys) and throughout the world (World Values Survey; total N across studies = 151,794). Multilevel models revealed that the average effect across years in the United States and countries throughout the world was most often directly contrary to the status-legitimacy hypothesis or was practically zero. In short, the status-legitimacy effect is not a robust phenomenon. Two theoretically relevant moderator variables (inequality and civil liberties) were also tested, revealing weak evidence, null evidence, or contrary evidence to the dissonance-inspired status-legitimacy hypothesis. In sum, the status-legitimacy effect is not robust and is unlikely to be the result of dissonance. These results are used to discuss future directions for research, the current state of SJT, and the interpretation of theoretically relevant but contrary and null results. PMID:23421361

  20. The Perfectionistic Self-Presentation Scale–Junior Form: Psychometric Properties and Association With Social Anxiety in Early Adolescents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gordon L. Flett; Lisa-Marie Coulter; Paul L. Hewitt

    2012-01-01

    This study assessed the psychometric characteristics and correlates of the Perfectionistic Self-Presentation Scale–Junior Form (PSPS-JR). The PSPS-JR was designed for use with children and adolescents, but its psychometric properties and applications among early adolescents have not been investigated. The PSPS-JR has three subscales assessing the perfectionistic self-promotion (i.e., the need to appear perfect), the need to avoid displaying imperfections, and

  1. Development, social norms, and assignment to task

    PubMed Central

    Fafchamps, Marcel

    2011-01-01

    Economic development involves a structural transformation in the way people are allocated to tasks. There is a shift from self-provision to market exchange, facilitating specialization. There is also a shift from self-employment to wage employment in large firms and organizations, driven by innovation and increasing returns to scale. Changes in allocation mechanisms require changes in norms and attitudes. Because different labor assignment domains coexist, conflicts arise among norms that apply to different domains, possibly resulting in dysfunctional outcomes. I argue that religion, humanism, and schools have all played an important historical role in fostering the changes in social norms and attitudes that are needed to accompany structural changes in the way economies allocate workers to tasks. PMID:22198757

  2. Upper Division courses offered on the Jupiter Campus Leading to a Bachelor Degree in Social Work

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Violence SOW 4643 Social Work with Aging Populations SOW 4650 Child Welfare SOW 4654 Social Work Practice Major Requirements SOW 3232 Social Welfare Policy and Provisions SOW 3302 Profession of Social Work SOWUpper Division courses offered on the Jupiter Campus Leading to a Bachelor Degree in Social Work

  3. Wayfinding in Social Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liben-Nowell, David

    With the recent explosion of popularity of commercial social-networking sites like Facebook and MySpace, the size of social networks that can be studied scientifically has passed from the scale traditionally studied by sociologists and anthropologists to the scale of networks more typically studied by computer scientists. In this chapter, I will highlight a recent line of computational research into the modeling and analysis of the small-world phenomenon - the observation that typical pairs of people in a social network are connected by very short chains of intermediate friends - and the ability of members of a large social network to collectively find efficient routes to reach individuals in the network. I will survey several recent mathematical models of social networks that account for these phenomena, with an emphasis on both the provable properties of these social-network models and the empirical validation of the models against real large-scale social-network data.

  4. Social Motives and Strategic Misrepresentation in Social Decision Making

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wolfgang Steinel; Carsten K. W. De Dreu

    2004-01-01

    In 4 experiments, the authors studied the influence of social motives on deception and strategic misrepresentation. In a newly developed information provision game, individuals faced a decision maker whose decision would affect both own and other's outcomes. By withholding information or by giving (in)accurate information about payoffs, participants could try to influence other's decision making. Less accurate and more inaccurate

  5. Vocal and Visual Conspecific Cues Influence the Behavior of Chimney Swifts at Provisioned Habitat

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leah Finity; Joseph J. Nocera

    2012-01-01

    Numerous species use socially derived information from conspecifics to evaluate the quality of potential habitat. We examine whether conspecific cues influence Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica) behavior at uninhabited provisioned habitat, and whether their response in the pre- and post-breeding seasons differs. We used conspecific playbacks and decoys at 19 towers designed for the swift's nesting in southern Ontario, Canada, and

  6. Assessment and application of potential food provisioning services of ecosystems in Three-gorge areas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tian, Yongzhong; Gao, Yanghua; Zhu, Lifen

    2006-08-01

    The assessment of food provisioning services of ecosystems in Three-gorge areas is helpful for better understanding the function of ecosystems in local human well-beings. In this paper, process-based models are used to assess the potential food provisioning services derived from agriculture ecosystems and grassland ecosystems, a modifying model along with normal woodlands and a set of modifying coefficients is built to assess the potential food from woodland ecosystems. A set of power regression models based on environment factors are built to estimate the potential fish production from water ecosystems. Land cover data stemmed from Landsat TM images, as well as other natural and social-economic data in 1km resolution such as temperature, precipitation, and DEM, are used to support these assessment models. It shows that the four ecosystems in Three-gorge areas can provide 85.98×10 12 calories heat, 2.49 billion kilograms protein and 823.4 million kilograms fat. Human carrying capacity model under the balance nutrition pattern is built in this paper, which results in two key findings: ecosystems in Three-gorge areas can feed 45.92 million people under wealthy living standard which is 1.53 times of the current population, and the sustainable population is from 9.69 to 36.23 million under that living standard. Multi-scale population pressure model is built to calculate the population pressure index in Three-gorge areas. The grain for green pressure index, a multivariate linear weighed model, is used to determine the spatial distribution of farmland fit for grain for green and fit for protecting.

  7. 2½ Proposals to Save Social Security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Deborah Fretz; Michael R. Veall

    2001-01-01

    This is a review article of three books that deal with the problems facing the U.S. Social Security system. One deals with the OASDI (Old-Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance) financial shortfall and proposes an alternative plan with both a tier one benefit and a tier two provision based on personal saving accounts. A second considers the social insurance system more

  8. Synchronous activation within the default mode network correlates with perceived social support.

    PubMed

    Che, Xianwei; Zhang, Qinglin; Zhao, Jizheng; Wei, Dongtao; Li, Bingbing; Guo, Yanan; Qiu, Jiang; Liu, Yijun

    2014-10-01

    Perceived social support emphasizes subjective feeling of provisions offered by family, friends and significant others. In consideration of the great significance of perceived social support to health outcomes, attempt to reveal the neural substrates of perceived social support will facilitate its application in a series of mental disorders. Perceived social support potentially relies on healthy interpersonal relationships calling for cognitive processes like perspective taking, empathy and theory of mind. Interestingly, functional activations and connectivity within the default mode network (DMN) are extensively involved in these interpersonal skills. As a result, it is proposed that synchronous activities among brain regions within the DMN will correlate with self-report of perceived social support. In the present study, we tried to investigate the associations between coherence among the DMN regions and perceived social support at resting state. A total of 333 (145 men) participants were directed to fulfill the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) after a 484-s functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanning without any task. As a result, seed-based functional connectivity and power spectrum analyses revealed that heightened synchronicity among the DMN regions was associated with better performance on perceived social support. Moreover, results in the present study were independent of different methods, structural changes, and general cognitive performance. PMID:25111033

  9. Social Entrepreneurship in Religious Congregations’ Efforts to Address Health Needs

    PubMed Central

    Werber, Laura; Mendel, Peter J.; Derose, Kathryn Pitkin

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Examine how religious congregations engage in social entrepreneurship as they strive to meet health-related needs in their communities. Design Multiple case studies. Setting Los Angeles County, California. Participants Purposive sample of 14 congregations representing diverse races-ethnicities (African American, Latino, and white) and faith traditions (Jewish and various Christian). Method Congregations were recruited based on screening data and consultation of a community advisory board. In each congregation, researchers conducted interviews with clergy and lay leaders (n=57); administered a congregational questionnaire; observed health activities, worship services, and neighborhood context; and reviewed archival information. Interviews were analyzed using a qualitative, code-based approach. Results Congregations’ health-related activities tended to be episodic, small in scale, and local in scope. Trust and social capital played important roles in congregations’ health initiatives, providing a safe, confidential environment and leveraging resources from – and for – faith-based and secular organizations in their community networks. Congregations also served as “incubators” for members to engage in social entrepreneurship. Conclusion Although the small scale of congregations’ health initiatives suggest they may not have the capacity to provide the main infrastructure for service provision, congregations can complement the efforts of health and social providers with their unique strengths. Specifically, congregations are distinctive in their ability to identify unmet local needs, and congregations’ position in their communities permit them to network in productive ways. PMID:23875986

  10. 40 CFR 35.6595 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Cooperative Agreements and Superfund State Contracts for Superfund Response Actions Procurement Requirements Under A Cooperative Agreement § 35.6595 Contract provisions. (a) General....

  11. 7 CFR 246.26 - Other provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION PROGRAM FOR WOMEN, INFANTS AND CHILDREN Miscellaneous Provisions...

  12. 7 CFR 246.26 - Other provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION PROGRAM FOR WOMEN, INFANTS AND CHILDREN Miscellaneous Provisions...

  13. 7 CFR 246.26 - Other provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SPECIAL SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION PROGRAM FOR WOMEN, INFANTS AND CHILDREN Miscellaneous Provisions...

  14. 40 CFR 94.303 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Certification Averaging, Banking, and Trading Provisions § 94.303 General...

  15. Perceived parental social support and academic achievement: an attachment theory perspective.

    PubMed

    Cutrona, C E; Cole, V; Colangelo, N; Assouline, S G; Russell, D W

    1994-02-01

    The study tested the extent to which parental social support predicted college grade point average among undergraduate students. A sample of 418 undergraduates completed the Social Provisions Scale--Parent Form (C.E. Cutrona, 1989) and measures of family conflict and achievement orientation. American College Testing Assessment Program college entrance exam scores (ACT; American College Testing Program, 1986) and grade point average were obtained from the university registrar. Parental social support, especially reassurance of worth, predicted college grade point average when controlling for academic aptitude (ACT scores), family achievement orientation, and family conflict. Support from parents, but not from friends or romantic partners, significantly predicted grade point average. Results are interpreted in the context of adult attachment theory. PMID:8195992

  16. Provision for the Coloured Immigrant

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norburn, Roger

    1972-01-01

    A description of the organizing of formal, subject-based courses as well as informal conferences, festivals and social events in Nottingham, England -- all aimed at furthering multi-racial understanding. (Editor/RY)

  17. The evolutionary and ecological roots of human social organization

    PubMed Central

    Kaplan, Hillard S.; Hooper, Paul L.; Gurven, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Social organization among human foragers is characterized by a three-generational system of resource provisioning within families, long-term pair-bonding between men and women, high levels of cooperation between kin and non-kin, and relatively egalitarian social relationships. In this paper, we suggest that these core features of human sociality result from the learning- and skill-intensive human foraging niche, which is distinguished by a late age-peak in caloric production, high complementarity between male and female inputs to offspring viability, high gains to cooperation in production and risk-reduction, and a lack of economically defensible resources. We present an explanatory framework for understanding variation in social organization across human societies, highlighting the interactive effects of four key ecological and economic variables: (i) the role of skill in resource production; (ii) the degree of complementarity in male and female inputs into production; (iii) economies of scale in cooperative production and competition; and (iv) the economic defensibility of physical inputs into production. Finally, we apply this framework to understanding variation in social and political organization across foraging, horticulturalist, pastoralist and agriculturalist societies. PMID:19805435

  18. Exploiting Social Links for Event Identification in Social Media

    E-print Network

    Yang, Junfeng

    documents (e.g., photos, videos) in social media sites. To un- derstand the potential benefits of usingExploiting Social Links for Event Identification in Social Media Hila Becker , Bai Xiao Columbia in a large-scale Flickr data set. Our pre- liminary experiments, building on baselines that use social media

  19. THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK

    E-print Network

    Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

    THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK BSSW PROGRAM Spring 2014 SW 200: Introduction to Social Work Instructor: Angela L. Obear, LCSW Email: aobear@utk.edu Section: Section 001 Phone: 517 Goals Provision of education and training that enable students to become generalist social work

  20. THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK

    E-print Network

    Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

    THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK BSSW PROGRAM SW 481 ­ Senior Field Practice GOALS Provision of education and training that enable students to become generalist social work, and ethics that guide the social work profession are committed to evidence-based practice are grounded

  1. THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK

    E-print Network

    Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

    THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK BSSW PROGRAM Spring 2014 SW 467: Honors Goals Provision of education and training that enables students to become generalist social work, and ethics that guide the social work profession; are committed to evidence-based practice; are grounded

  2. THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK

    E-print Network

    Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

    THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORK BSSW PROGRAM Spring 2014 SW 207: Honors Introduction to Social Work Instructor: Angela L. Obear, LCSW Email: aobear@utk.edu Section: Section 001 Phone Goals Provision of education and training that enable students to become generalist social work

  3. Provision of Social Support to Individuals With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Jason, Leonard A.; Roesner, Nicole; Porter, Nicole; Parenti, Brittany; Mortensen, Jennifer; Till, Lindsay

    2013-01-01

    The present study evaluated a buddy program designed to provide support for individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). The intervention involved weekly visits by a student paraprofessional, who helped out with tasks that needed to be done in an effort to reduce some of the taxing demands and responsibilities that participants regularly encountered. This model of rehabilitation focused on avoiding overexertion in persons with CFS, aiming to avoid setbacks and relapses while increasing their tolerance for activity. Participants with CFS were randomly assigned to either a 4-month buddy intervention or a control condition. Posttest results showed that individuals who received a student buddy intervention had significantly greater reductions in fatigue severity and increases in vitality than individuals in the control condition. There were no significant changes between groups for physical functioning and stress. Buddy interventions that help patients with CFS reduce overexertion and possibly remain within their energy envelopes can be thought of as representing a different paradigm than nonpharmacologic interventions that focus only on increasing levels of activity through graded exercise. PMID:19902489

  4. Impact of Social Determinants on Health Care Provision

    E-print Network

    von der Heydt, Rüdiger

    Management is collaborative, uses patient assessments, data sources, healthcare planning, advocacy, Applied Phys ics Laboratory #12;· Diverse backgrounds and experience ­ from legal to nursing to aerospace decisions about necessity and appropriateness of services for each patient Care Management Today: Care

  5. Provision for Pre-School Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scottish Statistical Bulletin, 1988

    1988-01-01

    This bulletin gives information on the provision made for children aged 5 years or under in education authority nursery schools and departments in Scotland. Included are data on day nurseries, preschool playgroups, and childminding facilities provided by, or approved by, the local authorities. Tables 1-3 give details of nursery school provision in…

  6. Dividends Provisions in Croatian Double Taxation Agreements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marjeta Tomulic Vehovec

    2007-01-01

    This paper analyzes the provisions concerning dividends in the double taxation avoidance agreements concluded by the Republic of Croatia. Since the base for taxation is necessarily laid down in domestic law, Croatian legislation is examined as well. The author primarily discusses dividends provisions in four agreements signed with Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Slovenia, in addition to analyzing the differences from

  7. 40 CFR 63.1330 - Wastewater provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.1330 Section 63...Polymers and Resins § 63.1330 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as specified...through 63.149 refer to a Group 1 wastewater stream or a Group 2 wastewater...

  8. 40 CFR 63.501 - Wastewater provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.501 Section 63...I Polymers and Resins § 63.501 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as specified...132 through 63.147 for each process wastewater stream originating at an...

  9. 40 CFR 63.501 - Wastewater provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.501 Section 63...I Polymers and Resins § 63.501 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as specified...132 through 63.147 for each process wastewater stream originating at an...

  10. 40 CFR 63.1330 - Wastewater provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.1330 Section 63...Polymers and Resins § 63.1330 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as specified...through 63.149 refer to a Group 1 wastewater stream or a Group 2 wastewater...

  11. 40 CFR 63.1330 - Wastewater provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Wastewater provisions. 63.1330 Section 63...Polymers and Resins § 63.1330 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as specified...through 63.149 refer to a Group 1 wastewater stream or a Group 2 wastewater...

  12. 40 CFR 63.501 - Wastewater provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.501 Section 63...I Polymers and Resins § 63.501 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as specified...132 through 63.147 for each process wastewater stream originating at an...

  13. 40 CFR 63.501 - Wastewater provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.501 Section 63...I Polymers and Resins § 63.501 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as specified...132 through 63.147 for each process wastewater stream originating at an...

  14. 40 CFR 63.647 - Wastewater provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.647 Section 63...Petroleum Refineries § 63.647 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as provided...each owner or operator of a Group 1 wastewater stream shall comply with the...

  15. 40 CFR 63.501 - Wastewater provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.501 Section 63...I Polymers and Resins § 63.501 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as specified...132 through 63.147 for each process wastewater stream originating at an...

  16. 40 CFR 63.647 - Wastewater provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.647 Section 63...Petroleum Refineries § 63.647 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as provided...each owner or operator of a Group 1 wastewater stream shall comply with the...

  17. 40 CFR 63.1330 - Wastewater provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.1330 Section 63...Polymers and Resins § 63.1330 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as specified...through 63.149 refer to a Group 1 wastewater stream or a Group 2 wastewater...

  18. 23 CFR 750.713 - Bonus provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Bonus provisions. 750.713 Section 750...Outdoor Advertising Control § 750.713 Bonus provisions. 23 U.S.C. 131(j...that any State which had entered into a bonus agreement before June 30, 1965,...

  19. 21 CFR 640.27 - Emergency provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Emergency provisions. 640.27 Section 640.27 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...STANDARDS FOR HUMAN BLOOD AND BLOOD PRODUCTS Platelets § 640.27 Emergency provisions. The use of the...

  20. Implementing the optimal provision of ecosystem services

    PubMed Central

    Polasky, Stephen; Lewis, David J.; Plantinga, Andrew J.; Nelson, Erik

    2014-01-01

    Many ecosystem services are public goods whose provision depends on the spatial pattern of land use. The pattern of land use is often determined by the decisions of multiple private landowners. Increasing the provision of ecosystem services, though beneficial for society as a whole, may be costly to private landowners. A regulator interested in providing incentives to landowners for increased provision of ecosystem services often lacks complete information on landowners’ costs. The combination of spatially dependent benefits and asymmetric cost information means that the optimal provision of ecosystem services cannot be achieved using standard regulatory or payment for ecosystem services approaches. Here we show that an auction that sets payments between landowners and the regulator for the increased value of ecosystem services with conservation provides incentives for landowners to truthfully reveal cost information, and allows the regulator to implement the optimal provision of ecosystem services, even in the case with spatially dependent benefits and asymmetric information. PMID:24722635

  1. Advance Resource Provisioning in Bulk Data Scheduling

    SciTech Connect

    Balman, Mehmet

    2012-10-01

    Today?s scientific and business applications generate mas- sive data sets that need to be transferred to remote sites for sharing, processing, and long term storage. Because of increasing data volumes and enhancement in current net- work technology that provide on-demand high-speed data access between collaborating institutions, data handling and scheduling problems have reached a new scale. In this paper, we present a new data scheduling model with ad- vance resource provisioning, in which data movement operations are defined with earliest start and latest comple- tion times. We analyze time-dependent resource assign- ment problem, and propose a new methodology to improve the current systems by allowing researchers and higher-level meta-schedulers to use data-placement as-a-service, so they can plan ahead and submit transfer requests in advance. In general, scheduling with time and resource conflicts is NP-hard. We introduce an efficient algorithm to organize multiple requests on the fly, while satisfying users? time and resource constraints. We successfully tested our algorithm in a simple benchmark simulator that we have developed, and demonstrated its performance with initial test results.

  2. SocialAnthropology Social Anthropology

    E-print Network

    Brierley, Andrew

    156 SocialAnthropology Social Anthropology Degree options MA (Single Honours Degree) Social Anthropology MA (Joint Honours Degrees) Social Anthropology and one of: Ancient History Arabic Art History Anthropology Geography with Social Anthropology Social Anthropology with Geography Entrance Requirements (see

  3. 7 CFR 457.168 - Mustard crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Mustard crop insurance provisions. 457.168 ...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.168 Mustard crop insurance provisions. The Mustard Crop Insurance Provisions for the 2009...

  4. 40 CFR 1033.652 - Special provisions for exported locomotives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...false Special provisions for exported locomotives. 1033.652 Section 1033.652...CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM LOCOMOTIVES Special Compliance Provisions § 1033.652 Special provisions for exported locomotives. (a) Uncertified...

  5. 40 CFR 1033.652 - Special provisions for exported locomotives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...false Special provisions for exported locomotives. 1033.652 Section 1033.652...CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM LOCOMOTIVES Special Compliance Provisions § 1033.652 Special provisions for exported locomotives. (a) Uncertified...

  6. 40 CFR 1033.652 - Special provisions for exported locomotives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...false Special provisions for exported locomotives. 1033.652 Section 1033.652...CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM LOCOMOTIVES Special Compliance Provisions § 1033.652 Special provisions for exported locomotives. (a) Uncertified...

  7. 40 CFR 1033.652 - Special provisions for exported locomotives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...false Special provisions for exported locomotives. 1033.652 Section 1033.652...CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM LOCOMOTIVES Special Compliance Provisions § 1033.652 Special provisions for exported locomotives. (a) Uncertified...

  8. 40 CFR 1033.652 - Special provisions for exported locomotives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...false Special provisions for exported locomotives. 1033.652 Section 1033.652...CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM LOCOMOTIVES Special Compliance Provisions § 1033.652 Special provisions for exported locomotives. (a) Uncertified...

  9. 29 CFR 789.1 - Statutory provisions and legislative history.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Statutory provisions and legislative history. 789.1 Section 789.1 Labor... Statutory provisions and legislative history. Section 12(a) of the Act...most important portion of the legislative history of those provisions in sections...

  10. 29 CFR 789.1 - Statutory provisions and legislative history.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Statutory provisions and legislative history. 789.1 Section 789.1 Labor... Statutory provisions and legislative history. Section 12(a) of the Act...most important portion of the legislative history of those provisions in sections...

  11. 29 CFR 789.1 - Statutory provisions and legislative history.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Statutory provisions and legislative history. 789.1 Section 789.1 Labor... Statutory provisions and legislative history. Section 12(a) of the Act...most important portion of the legislative history of those provisions in sections...

  12. 29 CFR 789.1 - Statutory provisions and legislative history.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Statutory provisions and legislative history. 789.1 Section 789.1 Labor... Statutory provisions and legislative history. Section 12(a) of the Act...most important portion of the legislative history of those provisions in sections...

  13. 29 CFR 789.1 - Statutory provisions and legislative history.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Statutory provisions and legislative history. 789.1 Section 789.1 Labor... Statutory provisions and legislative history. Section 12(a) of the Act...most important portion of the legislative history of those provisions in sections...

  14. 7 CFR 457.134 - Peanut crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Peanut crop insurance provisions. 457.134 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.134 Peanut crop insurance provisions. The Peanut Crop Insurance Provisions for the 2007...

  15. 7 CFR 457.134 - Peanut crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Peanut crop insurance provisions. 457.134 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.134 Peanut crop insurance provisions. The Peanut Crop Insurance Provisions for the 2007...

  16. 7 CFR 457.134 - Peanut crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Peanut crop insurance provisions. 457.134 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.134 Peanut crop insurance provisions. The Peanut Crop Insurance Provisions for the 2007...

  17. 7 CFR 457.104 - Cotton crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Cotton crop insurance provisions. 457.104 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.104 Cotton crop insurance provisions. The cotton crop insurance provisions for the 2011...

  18. 7 CFR 457.108 - Sunflower seed crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Sunflower seed crop insurance provisions. 457.108...CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.108 Sunflower seed crop insurance provisions. The sunflower seed crop insurance provisions for the...

  19. 7 CFR 457.108 - Sunflower seed crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sunflower seed crop insurance provisions. 457.108...CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.108 Sunflower seed crop insurance provisions. The sunflower seed crop insurance provisions for the...

  20. 7 CFR 457.130 - Macadamia tree crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Macadamia tree crop insurance provisions. 457.130 Section...INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.130 Macadamia tree crop insurance provisions. The macadamia tree crop insurance provisions for the 2011...

  1. 7 CFR 457.130 - Macadamia tree crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Macadamia tree crop insurance provisions. 457.130 Section...INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.130 Macadamia tree crop insurance provisions. The macadamia tree crop insurance provisions for the 1999...

  2. 7 CFR 457.130 - Macadamia tree crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Macadamia tree crop insurance provisions. 457.130 Section...INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.130 Macadamia tree crop insurance provisions. The macadamia tree crop insurance provisions for the 2011...

  3. 7 CFR 457.130 - Macadamia tree crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Macadamia tree crop insurance provisions. 457.130 Section...INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.130 Macadamia tree crop insurance provisions. The macadamia tree crop insurance provisions for the 2011...

  4. 7 CFR 457.130 - Macadamia tree crop insurance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Macadamia tree crop insurance provisions. 457.130 Section...INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.130 Macadamia tree crop insurance provisions. The macadamia tree crop insurance provisions for the 2011...

  5. 7 CFR 457.109 - Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions. 457.109...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.109 Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions. The Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions for...

  6. 7 CFR 457.109 - Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions. 457.109...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.109 Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions. The Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions for...

  7. 7 CFR 457.109 - Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions. 457.109...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.109 Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions. The Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions for...

  8. 7 CFR 457.109 - Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions. 457.109...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.109 Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions. The Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions for...

  9. 48 CFR 1352.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... false Incorporating provisions and clauses. 1352.102 Section 1352.102...Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Instructions for Using Provisions...

  10. 48 CFR 1352.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... false Incorporating provisions and clauses. 1352.102 Section 1352.102...Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Instructions for Using Provisions...

  11. 48 CFR 1352.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... false Incorporating provisions and clauses. 1352.102 Section 1352.102...Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Instructions for Using Provisions...

  12. 48 CFR 1352.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... false Incorporating provisions and clauses. 1352.102 Section 1352.102...Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Instructions for Using Provisions...

  13. 48 CFR 1352.102 - Incorporating provisions and clauses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... false Incorporating provisions and clauses. 1352.102 Section 1352.102...Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Instructions for Using Provisions...

  14. 5 CFR 317.801 - Retention of SES provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Retention of SES provisions. 317.801 Section...EMPLOYMENT IN THE SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE Retention of SES Provisions § 317.801 Retention of SES provisions. (a) Coverage....

  15. 5 CFR 317.801 - Retention of SES provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Retention of SES provisions. 317.801 Section...EMPLOYMENT IN THE SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE Retention of SES Provisions § 317.801 Retention of SES provisions. (a) Coverage....

  16. 40 CFR 1033.601 - General compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false General compliance provisions. 1033.601 Section 1033.601 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...FROM LOCOMOTIVES Special Compliance Provisions § 1033.601 General compliance provisions....

  17. 40 CFR 1033.601 - General compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false General compliance provisions. 1033.601 Section 1033.601 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...FROM LOCOMOTIVES Special Compliance Provisions § 1033.601 General compliance provisions....

  18. 40 CFR 1033.601 - General compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false General compliance provisions. 1033.601 Section 1033.601 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...FROM LOCOMOTIVES Special Compliance Provisions § 1033.601 General compliance provisions....

  19. 40 CFR 1033.601 - General compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false General compliance provisions. 1033.601 Section 1033.601 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...FROM LOCOMOTIVES Special Compliance Provisions § 1033.601 General compliance provisions....

  20. 40 CFR 1033.601 - General compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false General compliance provisions. 1033.601 Section 1033.601 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...FROM LOCOMOTIVES Special Compliance Provisions § 1033.601 General compliance provisions....

  1. 48 CFR 2014.201-670 - Solicitation provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...COMMISSION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SEALED BIDDING Solicitation of Bids 2014.201-670 Solicitation provisions...contracting officer shall insert the provision at 2052.214-72 Bid Evaluation in all IFBs. Paragraph (f) of this provision is...

  2. 48 CFR 2014.201-670 - Solicitation provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...COMMISSION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SEALED BIDDING Solicitation of Bids 2014.201-670 Solicitation provisions...contracting officer shall insert the provision at 2052.214-72 Bid Evaluation in all IFBs. Paragraph (f) of this provision is...

  3. 48 CFR 2014.201-670 - Solicitation provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...COMMISSION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SEALED BIDDING Solicitation of Bids 2014.201-670 Solicitation provisions...contracting officer shall insert the provision at 2052.214-72 Bid Evaluation in all IFBs. Paragraph (f) of this provision is...

  4. 48 CFR 2014.201-670 - Solicitation provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...COMMISSION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SEALED BIDDING Solicitation of Bids 2014.201-670 Solicitation provisions...contracting officer shall insert the provision at 2052.214-72 Bid Evaluation in all IFBs. Paragraph (f) of this provision is...

  5. 48 CFR 2014.201-670 - Solicitation provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...COMMISSION CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SEALED BIDDING Solicitation of Bids 2014.201-670 Solicitation provisions...contracting officer shall insert the provision at 2052.214-72 Bid Evaluation in all IFBs. Paragraph (f) of this provision is...

  6. 29 CFR 783.20 - Exemptions from the Act's provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Exemptions from the Act's provisions. 783.20 Section 783.20 Labor...AS SEAMEN Application in General of the Act's Provisions § 783.20 Exemptions from the Act's provisions. The Act provides...

  7. 50 CFR 20.2 - Relation to other provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) MIGRATORY BIRD HUNTING Introduction § 20.2 Relation to other provisions. (a) Migratory bird permits. The provisions of this part...of this subchapter. (b) Migratory bird hunting stamps. The provisions of...

  8. 50 CFR 20.2 - Relation to other provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) MIGRATORY BIRD HUNTING Introduction § 20.2 Relation to other provisions. (a) Migratory bird permits. The provisions of this part...of this subchapter. (b) Migratory bird hunting stamps. The provisions of...

  9. 50 CFR 20.2 - Relation to other provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) MIGRATORY BIRD HUNTING Introduction § 20.2 Relation to other provisions. (a) Migratory bird permits. The provisions of this part...of this subchapter. (b) Migratory bird hunting stamps. The provisions of...

  10. [Psychometric properties of the French version of Karasek's "Job Content Questionnaire" and its scales measuring psychological pressures, decisional latitude and social support: the results of the SUMER].

    PubMed

    Niedhammer, I; Chastang, J F; Gendrey, L; David, S; Degioanni, S

    2006-09-01

    Psychosocial factors at work have been found to be associated with having potential risk for adverse health effects. The main instrument used to measure these factors and their impact is the Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) by Karasek. The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the French version of the JCQ, and in particular to assess its internal coherence and consistency, as well as the factorial and convergent validity of psychological demands, decisional latitude and social support at work based upon the SUMER survey, which was the first French national survey of its kind to include the JCQ. The study was based on a sample of 24, 486 workers who answered the JCQ in 2003 (96.5% response rate). Internal consistency was satisfactory, as Cronbach's alpha coefficients were observed as being higher than 0.65. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the best model was composed of 5 latent variables: demands and pressures, the two dimensions of latitude (utilization of skills and autonomous decision-making), and the two dimensions of support (from supervisors and from colleagues). Convergent validity tests confirmed the expected association with key variables, which were: age, work status, sector of activity, occupation, job satisfaction, perception of job stress, and intent to change job. This study demonstrated satisfactory psychometric properties of Karasek's JCQ scales for the French working population. PMID:17094683

  11. Advance Network Reservation and Provisioning for Science

    SciTech Connect

    Balman, Mehmet; Chaniotakis, Evangelos; Shoshani, Arie; Sim, Alex

    2009-07-10

    We are witnessing a new era that offers new opportunities to conduct scientific research with the help of recent advancements in computational and storage technologies. Computational intensive science spans multiple scientific domains, such as particle physics, climate modeling, and bio-informatics simulations. These large-scale applications necessitate collaborators to access very large data sets resulting from simulations performed in geographically distributed institutions. Furthermore, often scientific experimental facilities generate massive data sets that need to be transferred to validate the simulation data in remote collaborating sites. A major component needed to support these needs is the communication infrastructure which enables high performance visualization, large volume data analysis, and also provides access to computational resources. In order to provide high-speed on-demand data access between collaborating institutions, national governments support next generation research networks such as Internet 2 and ESnet (Energy Sciences Network). Delivering network-as-a-service that provides predictable performance, efficient resource utilization and better coordination between compute and storage resources is highly desirable. In this paper, we study network provisioning and advanced bandwidth reservation in ESnet for on-demand high performance data transfers. We present a novel approach for path finding in time-dependent transport networks with bandwidth guarantees. We plan to improve the current ESnet advance network reservation system, OSCARS [3], by presenting to the clients, the possible reservation options and alternatives for earliest completion time and shortest transfer duration. The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) provides high bandwidth connections between research laboratories and academic institutions for data sharing and video/voice communication. The ESnet On-Demand Secure Circuits and Advance Reservation System (OSCARS) establishes guaranteed bandwidth of secure virtual circuits at a certain time, for a certain bandwidth and length of time. Though OSCARS operates within the ESnet, it also supplies end-to-end provisioning between multiple autonomous network domains. OSCARS gets reservation requests through a standard web service interface, and conducts a Quality-of-service (QoS) path for bandwidth guarantees. Multi-protocol Label Switching (MPLS) and the Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP) enable to create a virtual circuit using Label Switched Paths (LSP's). It contains three main components: a reservation manager, a bandwidth scheduler, and a path setup subsystem. The bandwidth scheduler needs to have information about the current and future states of the network topology in order to accomplish end-to-end bandwidth guaranteed paths.

  12. Women's Training Provision. Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    European Social Fund, Dublin (Ireland).

    A study examined the position of Irish women in the following types of human resource development activities cofinanced by the European Social Fund (ESF): basic/foundation skills training; postfoundation skills training; enterprise support schemes; continuing training for the employed; and apprenticeship training. Representatives of 11 state…

  13. 14 CFR Appendix A to Subpart B of... - Contract Provisions

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Contract Provisions ...GRANTS AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS ...for Grants and Cooperative Agreements...Part 1260—Contract Provisions ...Government Grants, Contracts and Cooperative...

  14. 50 CFR 20.2 - Relation to other provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) MIGRATORY BIRD HUNTING Introduction § 20...to other provisions. (a) Migratory bird permits. The provisions...21 of this subchapter. (b) Migratory bird hunting stamps. The...

  15. The Consolidation of Social Assistance in Brazil and Its Challenges, 1988?2008

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luciana Jaccoud; Patricia Dario El-Moor Hadjab; Juliana Rochet Chaibub

    2010-01-01

    The federal constitution enacted on 5 October 1988 was a landmark for Brazilian citizens in that it reorganised the bases of the country?s protection system. The new charter recognised social security as a guiding principle of social protection, as expressed in social insurance, social assistance, health and unemployment insurance policies. The constitution recognises a set of needs and provisions, previously

  16. Physical Activity Pattern and Personal-Social Factors of Mothers During Pregnancy And Infant Birth Weight Based On MET Scale: A Case-Control Study

    PubMed Central

    Mahmoodi, Zohreh; Karimlou, Masoud; Sajjadi, Homeira; Dejman, Masoumeh; Vameghi, Meroe; Dolatian, Mahrokh; Baradarn Eftekhari, Monir

    2013-01-01

    Background Low birth weight is one of the most important public health issues in developing and developed countries and identifying its etiology is important for prevention. Objectives Considering the unknown impact of physical activity on low birth weight, this research was conducted to investigate the relationship between physical activity and low birth weight. Patients and Methods This research was conducted using a case-control design. The control group was made of 500 women with normal birth weight infants and the case group included 250 women with low birth weight infants from the selected hospitals in city of Tehran. The information was gathered using a researcher-made questionnaire which was prepared for determining the relationship between mothers’ lifestyle during pregnancy and infants' low birth weight using social determinants of health approach. In this questionnaire, scope of physical activity was investigated in three groups of athletic activities, activities at home and leisure activities. Activity intensity was determined using MET scale and the data were analyzed in SPSS software using independent t-test, Chi-square and logistic regression. Results In the present research, based on the results of multiple logistic regression test, an increase in the time spent on sport activities (OR = 2.20) and home activities (OR =1.44) (P = 0.003) was accompanied by increased chance of giving birth to low birth weight infants; in contrast, one hour increase of leisure activities decreased the probability of low birth weight infants by 0.32 (P = 0.008). Conclusions An increase in the time spent on sport and home activities, even after considering other influential factors, was related to low birth weight. PMID:24396576

  17. 43 CFR 12.948 - Contract provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...provisions below in all contracts and subcontracts. (a) Contracts in excess of the small...contractor violates or breaches the contract terms, and provide for...persons supplying labor and material in the execution of...

  18. 40 CFR 61.272 - Compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standard for Benzene Emissions From Benzene Storage Vessels § 61.272 Compliance provisions...service), prior to filling the storage vessel with benzene. If there are holes, tears or other...

  19. 40 CFR 61.272 - Compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standard for Benzene Emissions From Benzene Storage Vessels § 61.272 Compliance provisions...service), prior to filling the storage vessel with benzene. If there are holes, tears or other...

  20. 40 CFR 61.272 - Compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standard for Benzene Emissions From Benzene Storage Vessels § 61.272 Compliance provisions...service), prior to filling the storage vessel with benzene. If there are holes, tears or other...

  1. 40 CFR 61.272 - Compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standard for Benzene Emissions From Benzene Storage Vessels § 61.272 Compliance provisions...service), prior to filling the storage vessel with benzene. If there are holes, tears or other...

  2. 40 CFR 61.272 - Compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standard for Benzene Emissions From Benzene Storage Vessels § 61.272 Compliance provisions...service), prior to filling the storage vessel with benzene. If there are holes, tears or other...

  3. 40 CFR 192.41 - Provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...PROGRAMS HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION STANDARDS FOR URANIUM AND THORIUM MILL TAILINGS Standards for Management of Thorium...material and: (a) Provisions applicable to the element uranium shall also apply to the element thorium; (b)...

  4. 40 CFR 192.41 - Provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...PROGRAMS HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION STANDARDS FOR URANIUM AND THORIUM MILL TAILINGS Standards for Management of Thorium...material and: (a) Provisions applicable to the element uranium shall also apply to the element thorium; (b)...

  5. 40 CFR 192.41 - Provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...PROGRAMS HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION STANDARDS FOR URANIUM AND THORIUM MILL TAILINGS Standards for Management of Thorium...material and: (a) Provisions applicable to the element uranium shall also apply to the element thorium; (b)...

  6. 40 CFR 192.41 - Provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...PROGRAMS HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION STANDARDS FOR URANIUM AND THORIUM MILL TAILINGS Standards for Management of Thorium...material and: (a) Provisions applicable to the element uranium shall also apply to the element thorium; (b)...

  7. 21 CFR 26.81 - Final provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF PHARMACEUTICAL GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE REPORTS, MEDICAL DEVICE QUALITY SYSTEM AUDIT REPORTS, AND CERTAIN MEDICAL DEVICE PRODUCT EVALUATION REPORTS: UNITED STATES AND THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY âFrameworkâ Provisions § 26.81 Final...

  8. 21 CFR 26.81 - Final provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF PHARMACEUTICAL GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE REPORTS, MEDICAL DEVICE QUALITY SYSTEM AUDIT REPORTS, AND CERTAIN MEDICAL DEVICE PRODUCT EVALUATION REPORTS: UNITED STATES AND THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY âFrameworkâ Provisions § 26.81 Final...

  9. 40 CFR 194.6 - Alternative provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) RADIATION PROTECTION PROGRAMS CRITERIA FOR THE CERTIFICATION AND RE-CERTIFICATION OF THE WASTE ISOLATION PILOT PLANT'S COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS General Provisions § 194.6 Alternative...

  10. 40 CFR 194.6 - Alternative provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) RADIATION PROTECTION PROGRAMS CRITERIA FOR THE CERTIFICATION AND RE-CERTIFICATION OF THE WASTE ISOLATION PILOT PLANT'S COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS General Provisions § 194.6 Alternative...

  11. 40 CFR 194.6 - Alternative provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) RADIATION PROTECTION PROGRAMS CRITERIA FOR THE CERTIFICATION AND RE-CERTIFICATION OF THE WASTE ISOLATION PILOT PLANT'S COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS General Provisions § 194.6 Alternative...

  12. 40 CFR 194.6 - Alternative provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) RADIATION PROTECTION PROGRAMS CRITERIA FOR THE CERTIFICATION AND RE-CERTIFICATION OF THE WASTE ISOLATION PILOT PLANT'S COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS General Provisions § 194.6 Alternative...

  13. 40 CFR 194.6 - Alternative provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) RADIATION PROTECTION PROGRAMS CRITERIA FOR THE CERTIFICATION AND RE-CERTIFICATION OF THE WASTE ISOLATION PILOT PLANT'S COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS General Provisions § 194.6 Alternative...

  14. 21 CFR 640.27 - Emergency provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... ADDITIONAL STANDARDS FOR HUMAN BLOOD AND BLOOD PRODUCTS Platelets § 640.27 Emergency provisions. The use of the...has determined that the recipient must be transfused with the platelets from a specific donor, and (b) the...

  15. 21 CFR 640.27 - Emergency provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... ADDITIONAL STANDARDS FOR HUMAN BLOOD AND BLOOD PRODUCTS Platelets § 640.27 Emergency provisions. The use of the...has determined that the recipient must be transfused with the platelets from a specific donor, and (b) the...

  16. 21 CFR 640.27 - Emergency provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... ADDITIONAL STANDARDS FOR HUMAN BLOOD AND BLOOD PRODUCTS Platelets § 640.27 Emergency provisions. The use of the...has determined that the recipient must be transfused with the platelets from a specific donor, and (b) the...

  17. 21 CFR 640.27 - Emergency provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... ADDITIONAL STANDARDS FOR HUMAN BLOOD AND BLOOD PRODUCTS Platelets § 640.27 Emergency provisions. The use of the...has determined that the recipient must be transfused with the platelets from a specific donor, and (b) the...

  18. 40 CFR 65.87 - Recordkeeping provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONSOLIDATED FEDERAL AIR RULE Transfer Racks § 65.87 Recordkeeping provisions. The owner or operator of a transfer rack shall record that either the verification of U.S. Department of...

  19. 40 CFR 65.87 - Recordkeeping provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONSOLIDATED FEDERAL AIR RULE Transfer Racks § 65.87 Recordkeeping provisions. The owner or operator of a transfer rack shall record that either the verification of U.S. Department of...

  20. 40 CFR 65.87 - Recordkeeping provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONSOLIDATED FEDERAL AIR RULE Transfer Racks § 65.87 Recordkeeping provisions. The owner or operator of a transfer rack shall record that either the verification of U.S. Department of...

  1. 40 CFR 65.87 - Recordkeeping provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONSOLIDATED FEDERAL AIR RULE Transfer Racks § 65.87 Recordkeeping provisions. The owner or operator of a transfer rack shall record that either the verification of U.S. Department of...

  2. 40 CFR 65.87 - Recordkeeping provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONSOLIDATED FEDERAL AIR RULE Transfer Racks § 65.87 Recordkeeping provisions. The owner or operator of a transfer rack shall record that either the verification of U.S. Department of...

  3. 46 CFR 535.404 - Agreement provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Agreement provisions. 535.404 Section 535...CARRIER AND MARINE TERMINAL OPERATOR AGREEMENTS SUBJECT TO THE SHIPPING ACT OF 1984 Filing of Agreements § 535.404 Agreement...

  4. 7 CFR 1413.111 - Miscellaneous provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS COMMODITY INCENTIVE PAYMENT PROGRAMS Durum Wheat Quality Program § 1413.111 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) Other interests. Any payment to any producer...

  5. 7 CFR 1413.111 - Miscellaneous provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS COMMODITY INCENTIVE PAYMENT PROGRAMS Durum Wheat Quality Program § 1413.111 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) Other interests. Any payment to any producer...

  6. 7 CFR 1413.111 - Miscellaneous provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS COMMODITY INCENTIVE PAYMENT PROGRAMS Durum Wheat Quality Program § 1413.111 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) Other interests. Any payment to any producer...

  7. 7 CFR 1413.111 - Miscellaneous provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS COMMODITY INCENTIVE PAYMENT PROGRAMS Durum Wheat Quality Program § 1413.111 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) Other interests. Any payment to any producer...

  8. 42 CFR 412.200 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Operating Costs for Hospitals Located in Puerto Rico § 412.200 General provisions...1, 1987, hospitals located in Puerto Rico are subject to the rules governing...part apply to hospitals located in Puerto Rico. Except for § 412.60,...

  9. 42 CFR 412.200 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Operating Costs for Hospitals Located in Puerto Rico § 412.200 General provisions...1, 1987, hospitals located in Puerto Rico are subject to the rules governing...part apply to hospitals located in Puerto Rico. Except for § 412.60,...

  10. 42 CFR 412.200 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Operating Costs for Hospitals Located in Puerto Rico § 412.200 General provisions...1, 1987, hospitals located in Puerto Rico are subject to the rules governing...part apply to hospitals located in Puerto Rico. Except for § 412.60,...

  11. 29 CFR 788.1 - Statutory provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...provisions of sections 6 and 7 shall not apply with respect to * * * any employee employed in planting or tending trees, cruising, surveying, or felling timber, or in preparing or transporting logs or other forestry products to the mill, processing plant,...

  12. 25 CFR 41.27 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... GRANTS TO TRIBALLY CONTROLLED COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND NAVAJO COMMUNITY COLLEGE Navajo Community College § 41.27 General provisions...under this subpart to the Navajo Community College. (a) Services or assistance...

  13. 46 CFR 535.404 - Agreement provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE OCEAN COMMON CARRIER AND MARINE TERMINAL OPERATOR AGREEMENTS SUBJECT TO THE SHIPPING ACT OF 1984 Filing of Agreements § 535.404 Agreement provisions. Generally, each agreement should: (a) Indicate...

  14. 46 CFR 535.404 - Agreement provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE OCEAN COMMON CARRIER AND MARINE TERMINAL OPERATOR AGREEMENTS SUBJECT TO THE SHIPPING ACT OF 1984 Filing of Agreements § 535.404 Agreement provisions. Generally, each agreement should: (a) Indicate...

  15. 46 CFR 535.404 - Agreement provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE OCEAN COMMON CARRIER AND MARINE TERMINAL OPERATOR AGREEMENTS SUBJECT TO THE SHIPPING ACT OF 1984 Filing of Agreements § 535.404 Agreement provisions. Generally, each agreement should: (a) Indicate...

  16. 40 CFR 60.643 - Compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Emissions From Onshore Natural Gas Processing for Which Construction, Reconstruction, or Modification Commenced After January 20, 1984, and on or Before August 23, 2011 § 60.643 Compliance provisions. (a)(1) To determine compliance with...

  17. 46 CFR 535.404 - Agreement provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...OCEAN SHIPPING IN FOREIGN COMMERCE OCEAN COMMON CARRIER AND MARINE TERMINAL OPERATOR AGREEMENTS SUBJECT TO THE SHIPPING ACT OF 1984 Filing of Agreements § 535.404 Agreement provisions. Generally, each agreement should: (a) Indicate...

  18. 40 CFR 63.647 - Wastewater provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries § 63.647 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, each owner or...

  19. 40 CFR 63.647 - Wastewater provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Petroleum Refineries § 63.647 Wastewater provisions. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, each owner or...

  20. 5 CFR 530.309 - Miscellaneous provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PAY RATES AND SYSTEMS (GENERAL...Schedules for Recruitment and Retention General Provisions...those hours for which an employee is in a pay status. (b) A pay...2008] Setting an Employee's Rate of...

  1. 32 CFR 728.41 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...PERSONS AT NAVY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT FACILITIES Members of Foreign Military Services and Their Dependents § 728.41 General provisions...who suffer from incurable afflictions, who require excessive nursing or custodial care, or those who have adequate...

  2. 7 CFR 246.26 - Other provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS ...FOR WOMEN, INFANTS AND CHILDREN Miscellaneous Provisions...agencies to evaluate the effect of food intervention...this section. (3) Child abuse and neglect...

  3. 40 CFR 61.173 - Compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standard for Inorganic Arsenic Emissions From Primary Copper Smelters § 61.173 Compliance provisions. (a) The owner or operator of each...

  4. 40 CFR 61.173 - Compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standard for Inorganic Arsenic Emissions From Primary Copper Smelters § 61.173 Compliance provisions. (a) The owner or operator of each...

  5. 40 CFR 61.173 - Compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standard for Inorganic Arsenic Emissions From Primary Copper Smelters § 61.173 Compliance provisions. (a) The owner or operator of each...

  6. 40 CFR 61.173 - Compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standard for Inorganic Arsenic Emissions From Primary Copper Smelters § 61.173 Compliance provisions. (a) The owner or operator of each...

  7. 29 CFR 780.501 - Statutory provision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    29 Labor 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Statutory provision...Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF...Shade-Grown Tobacco; Exemption From Minimum Wage and Overtime Pay Requirements...

  8. 40 CFR 63.343 - Compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES National Emission Standards for Chromium Emissions From Hard and Decorative Chromium Electroplating and Chromium Anodizing Tanks § 63.343 Compliance provisions. (a) Compliance...

  9. 5 CFR 9901.361 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...provisions. 9901.361 Section 9901.361 Administrative Personnel DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND LABOR RELATIONS SYSTEMS (DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT) DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE...

  10. 5 CFR 9701.527 - Savings provision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Personnel DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (DEPARTMENT...MANAGEMENT) DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Labor-Management Relations § 9701.527 Savings provision....

  11. 5 CFR 9701.527 - Savings provision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Personnel DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (DEPARTMENT...MANAGEMENT) DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Labor-Management Relations § 9701.527 Savings provision....

  12. 5 CFR 9701.527 - Savings provision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Personnel DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (DEPARTMENT...MANAGEMENT) DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Labor-Management Relations § 9701.527 Savings provision....

  13. 20 CFR 319.1 - Statutory provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Section 5(e), Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act.) Any claimant, or any railway labor organization organized in accordance with the provisions of the Railway Labor Act, of which claimant is a member, or any other party aggrieved...

  14. 20 CFR 319.1 - Statutory provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Section 5(e), Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act.) Any claimant, or any railway labor organization organized in accordance with the provisions of the Railway Labor Act, of which claimant is a member, or any other party aggrieved...

  15. 40 CFR 63.343 - Compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES National Emission Standards for Chromium Emissions From Hard and Decorative Chromium Electroplating and Chromium Anodizing Tanks § 63.343 Compliance provisions. (a) Compliance...

  16. 40 CFR 63.343 - Compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES National Emission Standards for Chromium Emissions From Hard and Decorative Chromium Electroplating and Chromium Anodizing Tanks § 63.343 Compliance provisions. (a) Compliance...

  17. 50 CFR 90.11 - Statutory provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...PROVISIONS FEEDING DEPREDATING MIGRATORY WATERFOWL Use of Surplus Grain § 90.11 ...of preventing crop damage by migratory waterfowl. Section 2 of the Act provides that...damage to farmers' crops by migratory waterfowl, the Secretary is authorized...

  18. 50 CFR 90.11 - Statutory provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...PROVISIONS FEEDING DEPREDATING MIGRATORY WATERFOWL Use of Surplus Grain § 90.11 ...of preventing crop damage by migratory waterfowl. Section 2 of the Act provides that...damage to farmers' crops by migratory waterfowl, the Secretary is authorized...

  19. 50 CFR 90.11 - Statutory provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...PROVISIONS FEEDING DEPREDATING MIGRATORY WATERFOWL Use of Surplus Grain § 90.11 ...of preventing crop damage by migratory waterfowl. Section 2 of the Act provides that...damage to farmers' crops by migratory waterfowl, the Secretary is authorized...

  20. 50 CFR 90.11 - Statutory provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...PROVISIONS FEEDING DEPREDATING MIGRATORY WATERFOWL Use of Surplus Grain § 90.11 ...of preventing crop damage by migratory waterfowl. Section 2 of the Act provides that...damage to farmers' crops by migratory waterfowl, the Secretary is authorized...

  1. 42 CFR 71.31 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...QUARANTINE Health Measures at U.S. Ports: Communicable Diseases § 71.31 General provisions. (a...inspect will present a threat of introduction of communicable diseases into the United States, as may exist when...

  2. 25 CFR 41.27 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION GRANTS TO TRIBALLY CONTROLLED COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND NAVAJO COMMUNITY COLLEGE Navajo Community College § 41.27 General provisions. The general requirements for grant...

  3. 25 CFR 41.27 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION GRANTS TO TRIBALLY CONTROLLED COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND NAVAJO COMMUNITY COLLEGE Navajo Community College § 41.27 General provisions. The general requirements for grant...

  4. 25 CFR 41.11 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION GRANTS TO TRIBALLY CONTROLLED COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND NAVAJO COMMUNITY COLLEGE Tribally Controlled Community Colleges § 41.11 General provisions. The general requirements for grant...

  5. 25 CFR 41.11 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION GRANTS TO TRIBALLY CONTROLLED COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND NAVAJO COMMUNITY COLLEGE Tribally Controlled Community Colleges § 41.11 General provisions. The general requirements for grant...

  6. 25 CFR 41.27 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION GRANTS TO TRIBALLY CONTROLLED COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND NAVAJO COMMUNITY COLLEGE Navajo Community College § 41.27 General provisions. The general requirements for grant...

  7. 25 CFR 41.11 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION GRANTS TO TRIBALLY CONTROLLED COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND NAVAJO COMMUNITY COLLEGE Tribally Controlled Community Colleges § 41.11 General provisions. The general requirements for grant...

  8. 25 CFR 41.11 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION GRANTS TO TRIBALLY CONTROLLED COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND NAVAJO COMMUNITY COLLEGE Tribally Controlled Community Colleges § 41.11 General provisions. The general requirements for grant...

  9. 25 CFR 41.27 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION GRANTS TO TRIBALLY CONTROLLED COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND NAVAJO COMMUNITY COLLEGE Navajo Community College § 41.27 General provisions. The general requirements for grant...

  10. 46 CFR 327.2 - Statutory provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...commercial practices in the maritime industry, notwithstanding the provisions of any law applicable in terms to...Manual of Orders, Federal Maritime Board/Maritime Administration). In 1981, Public Law 99-31 (95 Stat....

  11. 46 CFR 327.2 - Statutory provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...commercial practices in the maritime industry, notwithstanding the provisions of any law applicable in terms to...Manual of Orders, Federal Maritime Board/Maritime Administration). In 1981, Public Law 99-31 (95 Stat....

  12. 46 CFR 327.2 - Statutory provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...commercial practices in the maritime industry, notwithstanding the provisions of any law applicable in terms to...Manual of Orders, Federal Maritime Board/Maritime Administration). In 1981, Public Law 99-31 (95 Stat....

  13. 7 CFR 1493.330 - Miscellaneous provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...provisions. (a) Assignment. (1) The exporter may assign the proceeds which...will ordinarily be acknowledged to the exporter and its assignee in writing by an...such financial institution and to the exporter issued the facility payment...

  14. 40 CFR 59.104 - Compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...COMPOUND EMISSION STANDARDS FOR CONSUMER AND COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS National Volatile Organic Compound Emission Standards for Automobile Refinish Coatings § 59.104 Compliance provisions. (a) For the purpose of determining compliance with the...

  15. 40 CFR 60.713 - Compliance provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Magnetic Tape Coating Facilities § 60.713 Compliance provisions. (a) Applicability of § 60.712(b)(1) and...

  16. The political economy of health promotion: part 1, national commitments to provision of the prerequisites of health.

    PubMed

    Raphael, Dennis

    2013-03-01

    Canada is a leader in developing health promotion concepts of providing the prerequisites of health through health-promoting public policy. But Canada is clearly a laggard in implementing these concepts. In contrast, France is seen as a nation in which health promotion concepts have failed to gain much traction yet evidence exists that France does far better than Canada in providing these health prerequisites. Such findings suggest that it is the political economy--or form of the welfare state--of a nation rather than its explicit commitments to health promotion concepts--that shape provision of the prerequisites of health. Part 1 of this article examines how health promotion rhetoric specifically concerned with provision of the prerequisites of health differs among nations identified as being either liberal, social democratic, conservative or Latin welfare states. Governing authorities of nations that are liberal or social democratic welfare states are more likely to make explicit rhetorical commitments to provision of the prerequisites of health, the conservative and Latin states less so. Part 2 of this article provides evidence however, that despite their rhetorical commitments to provision of the prerequisites of health, liberal welfare state nations fall well behind not only the social democratic nations, but also the conservative welfare states in implementing public policies that provide the prerequisites of health. The Latin welfare states express little commitment to provision of the prerequisites of health and rather limited public policy activity towards meeting this aim. PMID:22052114

  17. Social health insurance: can we ever make a case for Pakistan?

    PubMed

    Abrejo, Farina Gul; Shaikh, Babar Tasneem

    2008-05-01

    Social Health Insurance has been used as an approach to increase efficiency of healthcare system and consumer satisfaction in provision of healthcare services. Many developed countries have successfully planned and implemented insurance models which provide almost universal coverage and addresses issues of equity. The phenomenon is established however, developing countries especially Eastern Mediterranean region is still struggling to present one successful model of social health insurance which can be compared with European or Scandinavian countries. Pakistan likewise faces huge challenges in public sector healthcare provision and considerable proportion of population prefers to go to private sector. Quality of care, access and rising costs make healthcare, somehow, a luxury. Rising national economy, political will to carry out health sector reforms and the creation of district health system after devolution presents an opportunity to launch at least some pilot initiatives of social health insurance. This will give us some food for thought to further up scale and replicate the model all over the country. PMID:18655406

  18. 29 CFR 570.103 - Comparison with wage and hour provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...of Interpretation of the Child Labor Provisions of the...and hour provisions. A comparison of the child labor provisions with the so-called wage and hours provisions...should be mentioned. (a) The child labor provisions...

  19. 29 CFR 570.103 - Comparison with wage and hour provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...of Interpretation of the Child Labor Provisions of the...and hour provisions. A comparison of the child labor provisions with the so-called wage and hours provisions...should be mentioned. (a) The child labor provisions...

  20. 29 CFR 570.103 - Comparison with wage and hour provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...of Interpretation of the Child Labor Provisions of the...and hour provisions. A comparison of the child labor provisions with the so-called wage and hours provisions...should be mentioned. (a) The child labor provisions...