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1

Measuring Social Provisions for Physical Activity among Adolescent Black and White Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors evaluate the validity of the Social Provisions Scale for physical activity among adolescent Black (n = 896) and White (n = 823) girls. The girls completed the scale and measures of subjective norms and physical activity in the eighth and ninth grades. Within the sample of White girls, the Social Provisions Scale contained 24 items that…

Motl, Robert W.; Dishman, Rod K.; Saunders, Ruth P.; Dowda, Marsha; Pate, Russell R.

2004-01-01

2

Discountinuing Social Security's Currently Insured Benefit Provision Would Save Millions and Eliminate Inequities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of Social Security's benefit eligibility insurance provisions, the currently insured provision, no longer has relevance. Discontinuance of the provision could save Social Security's trust funds about $180 million through 1990 and will not affect survi...

1982-01-01

3

Provisioning for large scale cloud computing services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resource provisioning, the task of planning sufficient amounts of resources to meet service level agreements, has become an important management task in emerging cloud computing services. In this paper, we present a stochastic modeling approach to guide the resource provisioning task for future service clouds as the demand grows large. We focus on on-demand services and consider service availability as

Yue Tan; Yingdong Lu; Cathy H. Xia

4

Provisioning for large scale cloud computing services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resource provisioning, the task of planning sufficient amounts of resources to meet service level agreements, has become an important management task in emerging cloud computing services. In this paper, we present a stochastic modeling approach to guide the resource provisioning task for future service clouds as the demand grows large. We focus on on-demand services and consider service availability as

Yue Tan; Yingdong Lu; Cathy H. Xia

2012-01-01

5

The widow(er)'s limit provision of Social Security.  

PubMed

Widow benefits have been a part of the Social Security program since the 1939 amendments to the Social Security Act (widower benefits were added later). For many years, the Social Security law called for paying a widow(er) a fraction of the deceased worker's primary insurance amount (PIA). However, the worker--while alive--may have received the full PIA as his or her retirement benefit. Over time, arguments were made that a widow(er) should be treated as generously as his or her spouse was. The 1972 amendments to the Social Security Act allowed for a widow(er) to receive a full PIA, subject to actuarial reductions if the widow(er) benefit was claimed before the normal retirement age (NRA) and subject to a new provision of the law commonly referred to as the widow(er)'s limit. Generally, the widow(er)'s limit specifies that if a worker received reduced retirement benefits (because the worker claimed benefits before the NRA), then the worker's widow(er) cannot receive a monthly benefit equal to the full PIA. Rather, the widow(er)'s benefit is generally limited to the amount the worker would receive if he or she was still alive. The limit provision appears to be motivated by the overall intent of the 1972 Congress to pay a benefit to a widow(er) that was comparable with what the worker received. A number of changes to the limit provision have been discussed. This article looks at the following options: Abolishing the limit, Raising the limit by requiring that it never be set below the average PIA among all retired-worker beneficiaries. Adjusting the limit for some widow(er)s--that is, only persons who are widowed before the NRA (the ARLA option), Making a simpler adjustment to the limit by abolishing it for persons who are widowed before age 62 (the SARLA option), and A proposal by Robert J. Myers that would make modest adjustments to the limit for cases in which the worker died before the NRA. The most fundamental change--abolishing the limit--would increase benefits for about 2.8 million widow(er)s and would cost about $3.1 billion a year. Most of the additional government expenditures would not go to the poor and the near poor. Another change would be more successful in aiding low-income widow(er)s: requiring that the limit amount never be set below the average PIA among all retired-worker beneficiaries. About 58 percent of the government expenditures from that option would be received by the poor and the near poor. Overall, 1.2 million widow(er)s would be helped, and the cost would be about $816 million a year. Although the limit provision is consistent with the overall intent of the 1972 Congress, it can have effects that may have been unintended and that some policymakers might consider unusual. Persons who delay receipt of Social Security benefits usually receive higher monthly benefit amounts, but a widow(er) who faces a limit cannot increase his or her monthly benefit through delayed receipt of benefits. Thus, many persons who are widowed before the NRA face strong incentives to claim benefits early. That is somewhat unusual because the actuarial adjustments under Social Security are approximately fair, so there are no cost savings to the Social Security program from "forcing" a widow(er) to claim early benefits as opposed to allowing him or her to delay receipt of benefits in exchange for a higher monthly amount. And many widow(er)s would be better off if they could use the Social Security program to, in effect, save (that is, delay receipt of benefits in exchange for a higher amount later). This article analyzes two other options that would provide widow(er)s with additional filing options under Social Security. The ARLA option would ultimately help about 229,000 widow(er)s, and the cost would be small (about $69 million a year). The SARLA option would help about 117,000 widow(er)s, and the cost would be about $41 million a year. Robert J. Myers, a former Chief Actuary of Social Security, has offered a proposal that would provide relief from the widow(er)'s limit in cases in which the worker dies shortl

Weaver, D A

6

Children's Social Relations Interview Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Children's Social Relations Interview Scale (CSRIS) was developed to assess the role expectations and role behaviors associated with physical disabilities, namely low status and independence. Three traits are assessed: succorance, the seeking of help and support; restraint, physical and social limitation and circumscription by others; and…

Volpe, Richard

7

22 CFR 96.49 - Provision of medical and social information in incoming cases.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...United States (incoming Cases) § 96.49 Provision of medical and social information in incoming cases. (a) The agency...copy of the child's medical records (including...untranslated medical reports or videotapes or...

2009-04-01

8

22 CFR 96.49 - Provision of medical and social information in incoming cases.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...United States (incoming Cases) § 96.49 Provision of medical and social information in incoming cases. (a) The agency...copy of the child's medical records (including...untranslated medical reports or videotapes or...

2010-04-01

9

The social and political context of formal dementia care provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dementia care is in transition, and the potential exists for a radical reform of the provision of services to people with dementia. Recent developments in Scotland based on the report of the Royal Commission on Long Term Care, With Respect to Old Age, provide an example of the possibilities and opportunities available to governments for creating services based on principles

ANTHEA INNES

2002-01-01

10

Social Provisions of Real and Imaginary Relationships in Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared perceptions of relationships with parents, best friends, siblings, and imaginary companions among 4-year-olds with invisible friends, object companions, or no imaginary companion. Findings indicated that parents afforded instrumental help, and siblings were associated with conflict. Real and imaginary friendship provisions were…

Gleason, Tracy R.

2002-01-01

11

Different roads? Evidence about the changing provision of English social housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to contextualise and assess “controlled” evidence about emerging plural provision of social housing within an English region. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Two matching pairs of case study social housing provider type (stock transfer associations and arm's-length management organisations), all established between four and seven years previously and all located within the same region, are

Kenneth Gibb; Katherine Trebeck

2009-01-01

12

Schooling with Care? Developing Provision for Children and Young People Presenting Social, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is the product of collaboration between Education and Social Work, at both the national and local level, on a project to identify and disseminate examples of good practice in the provision for children and young people presenting social, emotional, and behavioral difficulties. There are many issues which surround the setting up and…

Munn, Pamela, Ed.

13

Ethnicizing Poverty through Social Security Provision in Rural Hungary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural poverty has become an increasingly ethnicised category for the majority society in contemporary Hungary. The article aims to explore the process and practice of social exclusion and ethnicisation in relation to mutual effects of post-socialist welfare restructuring and changing discourse on poverty in the post-socialist rural reality. The…

Schwarcz, Gyongyi

2012-01-01

14

Social Provisions of Real and Imaginary Relationships in Early Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preschool-aged children's perceptions of their social relationships were examined, including those with parents, best friends, siblings, and imaginary companions. Sixty 4-year-old children participated in an interview designed to measure perceptions of the degree of conflict, nurturance, instrumental help, and power available in their relationships. Three groups were compared: children with (a) invisible friends, (b) companions who were personified objects (e.g.,

Tracy R. Gleason

2002-01-01

15

The Impact of Support Received and Support Provision on Changes in Perceived Social Support among Older Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study uses longitudinal data from the 1993 U.S. Midwest floods to examine the influence of support received and support provision on changes in perceived social support among older adults exposed to an acute stressor. Results indicated that flood exposure and higher levels of social support at Time 1 were positively associated with…

Tyler, Kimberly A.

2006-01-01

16

The Emigration of South African Social Workers: Using Social Work Education to Address Gaps in Provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses social work in South Africa in relation to increasing levels of emigration and the resultant service shortages that the country seems unable to meet. A context for the discussion is first provided so that the multi-faceted implications of a post-Apartheid South Africa may be appreciated. The paper examines the role of social work education and training in

Madhu Kasiram

2009-01-01

17

Development of the Social Efficacy and Social Outcome Expectations Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study developed an 18-item scale measuring individuals' social expectations in relationships related to their efficacy expectations (Subscale 1) and outcome expectations (Subscale 2) based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory. Results from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, using an undergraduate sample ("N"…

Wright, Stephen L.; Wright, Dorothy A.; Jenkins-Guarnieri, Michael A.

2013-01-01

18

Weighted kappa: Nominal scale agreement provision for scaled disagreement or partial credit  

Microsoft Academic Search

A previously described coefficient of agreement for nominal scales, kappa, treats all disagreements equally. A generalization to weighted kappa (Kw) is presented. The Kw provides for the incorpation of ratio-scaled degrees of disagreement (or agreement) to each of the cells of the k * k table of joint nominal scale assignments such that disagreements of varying gravity (or agreements of

Jacob Cohen

1968-01-01

19

Synchronised provisioning at the nest: parental coordination over care in a socially monogamous species  

PubMed Central

Bi-parental care is very common in birds, occurring in over 90% of species, and is expected to evolve whenever the benefits of enhanced offspring survival exceed the costs to both parents of providing care. In altricial species, where the nestlings are entirely dependent on the parents for providing food until fledging, reproductive success is related to the capacity of the parents to provision the offspring at the nest. The degree to which parents synchronise their visits to the nest is rarely considered by studies of bi-parental care, and yet may be an important component of parental care, affecting the outcome of the reproductive attempt, and the dynamics of sexual conflict between the parents. Here we studied this aspect of parental care in the long-tailed finch (Poephila acuticauda), a socially monogamous estrildid finch. We monitored parental nest visit rates and the degree of parental visit synchrony, and assessed their effects on reproductive success (e.g., brood size, number of offspring fledged and nestling growth). The frequency of nest visits in a day was low in this species (<1 visit/h), but there was a high level of synchrony by the two partners with 73% of visits made together. There was a correlation between the proportion of visits that were made by the pair together and the size of the brood at hatching, although it was not related to the number of fledglings a pair produced, or the quality of those offspring. We suggest that nest visit synchrony may primarily be driven by the benefit of parents being together whilst foraging away from the nest, or may reduce nest predation by reducing the level of activity around the nest throughout the day.

van Rooij, Erica P.

2013-01-01

20

Investigating the nature of formal social support provision for young mothers in a city in the North West of England.  

PubMed

Young mothers often require support to remain socially 'included' after becoming pregnant and this, in its turn, could protect their health. In this context, new policy initiatives aimed at tackling social exclusion, such as those implemented under the National Teenage Pregnancy Strategy, could be working to build social support mechanisms. The present paper addresses the issue of whether statutory services do in fact deliver 'social inclusion', through the provision of appropriate social support for young mothers. Data are drawn from semistructured interviews with service providers from a variety of different settings. The questionnaire was structured around an established model of social support, developed by M. Barrera, called the Inventory of Socially Supportive Behaviours. The study took place in a deprived inner city in North West England. Eleven participants were interviewed from seven separate organisations. The findings indicate that there were well-developed referral systems between services, with services adopting a social model of health. Much informational and emotional support was provided. What was less clear is how services are enabling social support to be developed amongst peer groups accessing the services particularly at community level. It is questionable to what extent services are able to foster the development of social support through social activities and support groups, and even whether it is appropriate to expect them to do so. In some sense, services go some way to delivering social inclusion, in that they are providing advice about income, housing and other opportunities. However, services appear to be missing an opportunity to foster social inclusion through the lack of development of supportive networks amongst groups of peers, which may have implications for the health of young mothers. PMID:17059487

McLeod, Angela; Baker, Deborah; Black, Mary

2006-11-01

21

Provisioning a Multi-Tiered Data Staging Area for Extreme-Scale Machines  

SciTech Connect

Massively parallel scientific applications, running on extreme-scale supercomputers, produce hundreds of terabytes of data per run, driving the need for storage solutions to improve their I/O performance. Traditional parallel file systems (PFS) in high performance computing (HPC) systems are unable to keep up with such high data rates, creating a storage wall. In this work, we present a novel multi-tiered storage architecture comprising hybrid node-local resources to construct a dynamic data staging area for extreme-scale machines. Such a staging ground serves as an impedance matching device between applications and the PFS. Our solution combines diverse resources (e.g., DRAM, SSD) in such a way as to approach the performance of the fastest component technology and the cost of the least expensive one. We have developed an automated provisioning algorithm that aids in meeting the checkpointing performance requirement of HPC applications, by using a least-cost storage configuration. We evaluate our approach using both an implementation on a large scale cluster and a simulation driven by six-years worth of Jaguar supercomputer job-logs, and show that our approach, by choosing an appropriate storage configuration, achieves 41.5% cost savings with only negligible impact on performance.

Prabhakar, Ramya A [ORNL; Vazhkudai, Sudharshan S [ORNL; Kim, Youngjae [ORNL; Butt, Ali R [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Li, Min [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Kandemir, Mahmut [Pennsylvania State University

2011-01-01

22

45 CFR 287.105 - What provisions of the Social Security Act govern the NEW Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Program? 287.105 Section 287.105 Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION...SERVICES THE NATIVE EMPLOYMENT WORKS (NEW) PROGRAM Program Design and Operations § 287.105 What provisions of the...

2013-10-01

23

SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP: PATTERN-CHANGING ENTREPRENEURS AND THE SCALING OF SOCIAL IMPACT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents findings from an investigation of pattern-changing social entrepreneurs. We examined the efforts of fifteen entrepreneurs and sought to understand the factors that enable successful ones to scale their social impact. All the entrepreneurs were operating in capital constrained environments and scaling required overcoming funding constraints. The findings indicate that pattern-changing social entrepreneurs are more concerned with scaling

DAVID A. SHERMAN

24

A Turkish Version of the School Social Behavior Scales (SSBS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to enhance social skills instruction in Turkey, the present study highlights the process and outcome of creating a Turkish-language version of the School Social Behavior Scales (SSBS), originally developed by Merrell (1993). The social skills of the Turkish pre-and elementary school students were based on the Likert scale. The analyses of…

Yukay-Yuksel, Muge

2009-01-01

25

Development and Assessment of the Social Issues Advocacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development and the initial psychometric evaluation of the Social Issues Advocacy Scale in two studies. In the first study, an exploratory factor analysis (n = 278) revealed a four-factor scale, accounting for 71.4% of the variance, measuring different aspects of social issue advocacy: Political and Social Advocacy,…

Nilsson, Johanna E.; Marszalek, Jacob M.; Linnemeyer, Rachel M.; Bahner, Angela D.; Misialek, Leah Hanson

2011-01-01

26

Provision of Student Learning Support Services in a Large-Scale Distance Education System at Universitas Terbuka, Indonesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the practice and experience of Universitas Terbuka (UT) in the provision of learning support services for students in a large-scale distance education system. The UT, which has a network of 37 regional offices and participating institutions, has challenges to provide and manage effective learning support system for more than…

Zuhairi, Aminudin; Adnan, Irma; Thaib, Dina

2007-01-01

27

Validity of the Home and Community Social Behavior Scales: Comparisons with Five Behavior-Rating Scales.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines convergent and discriminant validity for the Home and Community Social Behavior Scales (HCSBS). The Social Competence scale evidenced strong positive correlations with measures of social skills and adaptability. The Antisocial Behavior scale evidenced strong positive correlations with measures of externalizing behavior problems. Results…

Merrell, Kenneth W.; Streeter, Angela L.; Boelter, Eric W.; Caldarella, Paul; Gentry, Amanda

2001-01-01

28

Validation of the Peer Social Maturity Scale for Assessing Children's Social Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We evaluated the utility of a brief, seven-item, teacher-rated Peer Social Maturity Scale (PSMAT). In Study 1, teachers of 138 Australian children (ranging from 5 to 8?years and 5?months old) in kindergarten and Grades 1 and 2 rated their pupils' social maturity using the PSMAT and their classroom social skills via the Social Skills Rating…

Fink, Elian; de Rosnay, Marc; Peterson, Candida; Slaughter, Virginia

2013-01-01

29

Time Horizon and Social Scale in Communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2009 our center (CRED) published a first version of The Psychology of Climate Change Communication. In it, we attempted to summarize facts and concepts from psychological research that could help guide communication. While this work focused on climate change, most of the ideas are at least partly applicable for communication about a variety of natural hazards. Of the many examples in this guide, I mention three. Single-action bias is the human tendency to stop considering further actions that might be needed to deal with a given hazard, once a single action has been taken. Another example is the importance of group affiliation in motivating voluntary contributions to joint action. A third concerns the finding that group participation enhances understanding of probabilistic concepts and promotes action in the face of uncertainty. One current research direction, which goes beyond those included in the above publication, focuses on how time horizons arise in the thinking of individuals and groups, and how these time horizons might influence hazard preparedness. On the one hand, individuals sometimes appear impatient, organizations look for immediate results, and officials fail to look beyond the next election cycle. Yet under some laboratory conditions and in some subcultures, a longer time horizon is adopted. We are interested in how time horizon is influenced by group identity and by the very architecture of planning and decision making. Institutional changes, involving long-term contractual relationships among communities, developers, insurers, and governments, could greatly increase resilience in the face of natural hazards. Communication about hazards, in the context of such long-term contractual relationships might look very different from communication that is first initiated by immediate threat. Another new direction concerns the social scale of institutions and of communication about hazards. Traditionally, insurance contracts share risk among a large number of insurees: each contributes a small premium toward a fund that is adequate to cover the large losses that occasionally occur. Participatory processes are needed that extend risk sharing to larger social scales and that reduce adversarial relationships between insurers, insurees, insurance regulators, and governments that intervene or fail to intervene on an ad hoc rather than a contractual basis.

Krantz, D. H.

2010-12-01

30

Assessing Social Support, Companionship, and Distress: NIH Toolbox Adult Social Relationship Scales  

PubMed Central

Objective The quality of our daily social interactions – including perceptions of support, feelings of loneliness, and distress stemming from negative social exchanges – influence physical health and well-being. Despite the importance of social relationships, brief yet precise, unidimensional scales that assess key aspects of social relationship quality are lacking. As part of the NIH Toolbox for the Assessment of Neurological and Behavioral Function, we developed brief self-report scales designed to assess aspects of social support, companionship, and social distress across age cohorts. This report details the development and psychometric testing of the adult NIH Toolbox Social Relationship scales. Methods Social relationship concepts were selected, and item sets were developed and revised based on expert feedback and literature review. Items were then tested across a community-dwelling U.S. internet panel sample of adults aged 18 and above (N=692) using traditional (classic) psychometric methods and item response theory (IRT) approaches to identify items for inclusion in 5–8 item unidimensional scales. Finally, concurrent validity of the newly-developed scales was evaluated with respect to their inter-relationships with classic social relationship validation instruments. Results Results provide support for the internal reliability and concurrent validity of resulting self-report scales assessing Emotional Support, Instrumental Support, Friendship, Loneliness, Perceived Rejection, and Perceived Hostility. Conclusion These brief social relationship scales provide the pragmatic utility and enhanced precision needed to promote future epidemiological and social neuroscience research on the impact of social relationships on physical and emotional health outcomes.

Cyranowski, Jill M.; Zill, Nicholas; Bode, Rita; Butt, Zeeshan; Kelly, Morgen A. R.; Pilkonis, Paul A.; Salsman, John M.; Cella, David

2013-01-01

31

Initial Reliability and Validity of the Perceived Social Competence Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study describes the development and validation of a perceived social competence scale that social workers can easily use to assess children's and youth's social competence. Method: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted on a calibration and a cross-validation sample of youth. Predictive validity was also…

Anderson-Butcher, Dawn; Iachini, Aidyn L.; Amorose, Anthony J.

2008-01-01

32

The share of nonprofit organisations in the provision of selected public services - culture and social services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents preliminary findings from a three-year project of the same name, The share of nonprofit organisations in the provision of public services, supported by the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic under No. 402\\/05\\/0974. It contains the results of the work of a team of researchers from the Faculty of Economics and Administration, Masaryk University and from the

Mirka Wildmannova

33

Successful Family Reunification: The Contribution of Social Work Theory in the Provision of Services and Decisionmaking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Masters'-level social work practitioners in child welfare practice discussed their work with successfully reunified families. The majority used theory and found it helpful in conducting ongoing casework and making decisions in the complex area of family reunification. Social work theory, specifically the Life Model and the Problem- Solving Model, provided language to describe and document change and the conditions under

Elizabeth Peffer Talbot

34

Development and psychometric evaluation of the Social Justice Scale (SJS).  

PubMed

The study describes the development of the Social Justice Scale (SJS). Practitioners, educators, students, and other members of the community differ on their attitudes and values regarding social justice. It is important to assess, not only individuals' attitudes and values around social values, but also other constructs that might be related to social justice behaviors. The implication of Ajzen in Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 50:179-211, (1991) theory of planned behavior suggests that attitudes, perceived behavioral control, and social norms predict intentions, which then lead to behaviors. A scale was designed to measure social justice-related values, attitudes, perceived behavioral control, subjective norms, and intentions based on a four-factor conception of Ajzen's theory. Confirmatory factor analysis and analyses for reliability and validity were used to test the properties of the scale. PMID:22080396

Torres-Harding, Susan R; Siers, Brian; Olson, Bradley D

2012-09-01

35

Egyptian Social Studies Teachers' Responses To The Barth/Shermis Social Studies Preference Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the interpretation of social studies found in 96 Egyptian teachers-in-training using the Barth/Shermis Social Studies Preference Scale. Results showed the subjects had not developed a meaning for social studies as conceptualized in the United States. Implications of this finding are discussed. (TRS)

Barth, James L.

1985-01-01

36

Adaptive Bandwidth Management and QoS Provisioning in Large Scale Ad Hoc Networks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Quality of service provisioning in wireless ad hoc networks plays an integral part in determining the success of network-centric warfare as envisioned in future military operations. It requires good scalability of the QoS architecture since ad hoc network...

K. Tang K. Xu M. Bereschinsky M. Gerla R. Bagrodia

2003-01-01

37

Taxation of Social Security benefits under the new income tax provisions: distributional estimates for 1994.  

PubMed

The 1993 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act raised the proportion of benefits includable in income for the Federal personal income tax. This article presents estimates of the income-distributional effects of the new provision in 1994, the first year for which it is effective. Under the pre-1993 law, up to 50 percent of benefits were included in taxable income for certain high-income beneficiaries. Under the new law, some of these beneficiaries are required to include an even higher proportion of benefits--up to 85 percent. Only 11 percent of beneficiary families, concentrated in the top three deciles by family income, include more of their benefits in taxable income under the new law than they would have under the old law. Another 8 percent include the same amount of benefits under either. The remaining beneficiary families, more than 80 percent, include no benefits in taxable income under either the old law or the new. PMID:7974092

Pattison, D

1994-01-01

38

Access to Social Services: The Changing Urban Geography of Poverty and Service Provision  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Access to social services, especially for the poor, continues to concern numerous public policy scholars and practitioners. This recent 19-page report from the Brookings Institution (authored by Scott Allard, a professor at Brown University) takes a closer look at this phenomenon by looking at the metropolitan areas of Chicago, Los Angeles, and Washington, DC. Released in August 2004, the report notes that, on average, poor populations in urban centers have greater spatial access to social services than poor populations living in suburban areas. The report contains a number of additional findings, including the not-so surprising observation that the location of social service providers does not always match well to the changing demographics of cities. Allard concludes the work by noting that "We should pay closer attention to how spatial trends in employment, population, and support services converge to shape demand and needs of low-income populations in our metropolitan areas."

39

22 CFR 96.49 - Provision of medical and social information in incoming cases.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Information about all of the child's past and current placements prior to adoption, including, but not limited to any social work or court reports on the child and any information on who assumed custody and provided care for the child; and...

2013-04-01

40

Where the streets have no names: factors associated with the provision of counselling and social work services for child rape survivors in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this study was to audit the provision of state-assisted counselling and social work services to child rape survivors presenting for medico-legal assessment at a state hospital in KwaZulu- Natal, South Africa.Method: A prospective design was used to collect data from the social and medical case files of 200 consecutive cases of child rape referred for medico-legal

Steven J Collings

2009-01-01

41

Paying for performance and the social relations of health care provision: an anthropological perspective.  

PubMed

Over the past decade, the use of financial incentive schemes has become a popular form of intervention to boost performance in the health sector. Often termed "paying for performance" or P4P, they involve "…the transfer of money or material goods conditional upon taking a measurable action or achieving a predetermined performance target" (Eldridge & Palmer, 2009, p.160). P4P appear to bring about rapid improvements in some measured indicators of provider performance, at least over the short term. However, evidence for the impact of these schemes on the wider health system remains limited, and even where evaluations have been positive, unintended effects have been identified. These have included: "gaming" the system; crowding out of "intrinsic motivation"; a drop in morale where schemes are viewed as unfair; and the undermining of social relations and teamwork through competition, envy or ill feeling. Less information is available concerning how these processes occur, and how they vary across social and cultural contexts. While recognizing the potential of P4P, the authors argue for greater care in adapting schemes to particular local contexts. We suggest that insights from social science theory coupled with the focused ethnographic methods of anthropology can contribute to the critical assessment of P4P schemes and to their adaptation to particular social environments and reward systems. We highlight the need for monitoring P4P schemes in relation to worker motivation and the quality of social relations, since these have implications both for health sector performance over the long term and for the success and sustainability of a P4P scheme. Suggestions are made for ethnographies, undertaken in collaboration with local stakeholders, to assess readiness for P4P; package rewards in ways that minimize perverse responses; identify process variables for monitoring and evaluation; and build sustainability into program design through linkage with complementary reforms. PMID:22921245

Magrath, Priscilla; Nichter, Mark

2012-11-01

42

Adaptive bandwidth management and QoS provisioning in large scale ad hoc networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality of service provisioning in wireless ad hoc networks plays an integral part in determining the success of network-centric warfare as envisioned in future military operations. It requires good scalability of the QoS architecture since ad hoc networks in the battlefield tend to be large. Previous work attacking QoS in ad hoc networks seldom considers the scalability issues. In this

Kaixin Xu; Ken Tang; Rajive Bagrodia; Mario Gerla; Michael Bereschinsky

2003-01-01

43

Will Lessons from Small-Scale Social Dilemmas Scale Up?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter, we ask whether the design principles that have been proposed as ways of solving small- and medium-sized dilemmas\\u000a related to use of resources are applicable at a larger scale. Obviously, these principles do not scale up automatically. On\\u000a the other hand, more hope exists regarding the feasibility of scaling up than is sometimes expressed in the literature

Michael McGinnis; Elinor Ostrom

44

The provision of online public goods: Examining social structure in an electronic network of practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic networks of practice are computer-mediated social spaces where individuals working on similar problems self-organize to help each other and share knowledge, advice, and perspectives about their occupational practice or common interests. These interactions occur through message postings to produce an on-line public good of knowledge, where all participants in the network can then access this knowledge, regardless of their

Molly Mclure Wasko; Robin Teigland; Samer Faraj

2009-01-01

45

Individual differences in social comparison: Development of a scale of social comparison orientation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development and validation of a measure of individual differences in social comparison orientation (the Iowa-Netherlands Comparison Orientation Measure (INCOM)) are described. Assuming that the ten- dency toward social comparison is universal, the scale was constructed so as to be appropriate to and comparable in 2 cultures: American and Dutch. It was then administered to several thousand people in each country.

Frederick X. Gibbons; Bram P. Buunk

1999-01-01

46

Triadic closure dynamics drives scaling laws in social multiplex networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social networks exhibit scaling laws for several structural characteristics, such as degree distribution, scaling of the attachment kernel and clustering coefficients as a function of node degree. A detailed understanding if and how these scaling laws are inter-related is missing so far, let alone whether they can be understood through a common, dynamical principle. We propose a simple model for stationary network formation and show that the three mentioned scaling relations follow as natural consequences of triadic closure. The validity of the model is tested on multiplex data from a well-studied massive multiplayer online game. We find that the three scaling exponents observed in the multiplex data for the friendship, communication and trading networks can simultaneously be explained by the model. These results suggest that triadic closure could be identified as one of the fundamental dynamical principles in social multiplex network formation.

Klimek, Peter; Thurner, Stefan

2013-06-01

47

SociAL Sensor Analytics: Measuring Phenomenology at Scale  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this paper is to present a system for interrogating immense social media streams through analytical methodologies that characterize topics and events critical to tactical and strategic planning. First, we propose a conceptual framework for interpreting social media as a sensor network. Time-series models and topic clustering algorithms are used to implement this concept into a functioning analytical system. Next, we address two scientific challenges: 1) to understand, quantify, and baseline phenomenology of social media at scale, and 2) to develop analytical methodologies to detect and investigate events of interest. This paper then documents computational methods and reports experimental findings that address these challenges. Ultimately, the ability to process billions of social media posts per week over a period of years enables the identification of patterns and predictors of tactical and strategic concerns at an unprecedented rate through SociAL Sensor Analytics (SALSA).

Corley, Courtney D.; Dowling, Chase P.; Rose, Stuart J.; McKenzie, Taylor K.

2013-06-04

48

The Needs and Provision Complexity Scale: a multicentre prospective cohort analysis of met and unmet needs and their cost implications for patients with complex neurological disability  

PubMed Central

Objective To provide a brief overview of the Needs and Provision Complexity Scale (NPCS) and report its first application to describe the level of ‘met’ and ‘unmet’ health/social care needs, and to estimate their costs in community-based patients with complex neurological disability. Design A multicentre prospective cohort analysis. Setting Consecutive discharges to the community from the nine tertiary specialist inpatient neurorehabilitation units in London over 12?months (2010/2011). Participants Patients responding at follow-up (n=211). Mean age 50.2(SD14) years, males:females 127/84. Diagnosis 157(74%) brain injury, 27(13%) spinal cord injury/peripheral neuropathy; 27(13%) other. Primary outcome measure The NPCS is a brief, pragmatic, directly costable instrument for measuring both an individual's needs for rehabilitation and support (NPCS-Needs) and the levels of service provided (NPCS-Gets) within a given period. Methods The ‘NPCS-Needs’ was completed by the treating clinical team at discharge. Patients and/or their carers self-reported ‘NPCS-Gets’ after 6?months by a postal/online questionnaire supported by a follow-up telephone interview. Results Needs for medical/nursing care and accommodation were generally well met. Significant shortfalls in provision were identified in the subscales of Rehabilitation (paired t test: t ?9.7, p<0.001, effect size (ES)=?0.85), Social support (t ?5.8, p<0.001, ES=?0.48) and Equipment (t ?5.6, p<0.001, ES=?0.44). Item-level analysis demonstrated that the frequency of Personal care received exceeded predicted needs (Wilcoxon z=?3.3, p<0.001). In 80% of cases, this care was provided/paid for by families. Translated into mean costs/patient/year, the estimated underspends on Rehabilitation (?£2320) and Social support (?£1790) were exceeded >3.5-fold by excess costs of Personal care (£10?313) and Accommodation (£4296). Conclusions The results identify underprovision of community-based rehabilitation and support services compared with needs, which may contribute directly to excess care burden and costs to family carers. The NPCS requires further evaluation but has potential use as a simple, directly costable tool to inform both clinical decision-making and population-based service planning and delivery.

Turner-Stokes, Lynne; McCrone, Paul; Jackson, Diana M; Siegert, Richard John

2013-01-01

49

School Social Behavior Scales: an adaptation study of the Portuguese version of the social competence scale from SSBS-2.  

PubMed

This study analyses the psychometric proprieties of a Portuguese version of the social competence scale from the School Social Behavior Scales (SSBS-2, Merrell, 2002). It is a rating instrument of children and adolescents behavior, to be used by teachers and other school personnel. This scale includes 3 subscales: self-management/compliance, peer relations and academic behavior. In our first sample, 175 teachers rated 344 students from grade 1 through 12. On the second sample 13 teachers rated 251 3rd and 4th grades students. The results from the Portuguese adaptation support the multidimensional structure of the social competence scale from the SSBS-2, although an alternative model demonstrated a better fit to the data than the model originally proposed by the author. The scale showed good internal consistency and good intercorrelations between subscales, as well as between subscales and the total scale. The final model was well replicated in the second sample. These results encourage us to pursue the SSBS-2 Portuguese adaptation, in order to provide a useful and validated instrument for the assessment of social competence and for educational interventions. PMID:23156949

Raimundo, Raquel; Carapito, Elsa; Pereira, Ana Isabel; Marques Pinto, Alexandra; Lima, Maria Luísa; Ribeiro, Maria Teresa

2012-11-01

50

Development and Validation of the Online Social Support for Smokers Scale  

PubMed Central

Background Social networks play an important role in smoking. Provision of social support during cessation is a cornerstone of treatment. Online social networks for cessation are ubiquitous and represent a promising modality for smokers to receive and provide the support necessary for cessation. There are no existing measures specific to online social support for smoking cessation. Objective The objective was to develop a measure of social support to be used in online smoking cessation treatment research. Methods Initial items for the Online Social Support for Smokers Scale (OS4) were based on existing theory and scales delineated in various taxonomies. Preliminary field analysis (N = 73) was conducted on 23 initial items to optimize the scale. Further development was conducted on a refined 15-item scale in the context of a large randomized trial of Internet and telephone cessation treatment with follow-ups at 3, 6, 12, and 18 months. In all, 1326 participants were randomized to an enhanced Internet arm that included a large online social network; psychometric analyses employed 3-month follow-up data from those reporting use of the enhanced Internet intervention at least once (n = 873). Items were subjected to a factor analysis, and the internal consistency reliability of the scale was examined along with construct and criterion validity. Other measures used in the study included demographics, nicotine dependence, partner support for cessation, general social support, social integration, stress, depression, health status, online community use, Internet use behaviors, intervention satisfaction, and 30-day point prevalence abstinence. Results The final 12-item OS4 scale demonstrated high internal consistency reliability (Cronbach alphas .86-.89) across demographic and smoking strata of interest. The OS4 also demonstrated good construct and criterion validity, with the directionality of the observed associations providing support for most a priori hypotheses. Significant Pearson correlations were observed between the OS4 and the Partner Interaction Questionnaire (PIQ) Positive subscale (? = .24, P < .001). As hypothesized, participants with the highest OS4 scores were more likely to have actively participated in the enhanced Internet community and to have high levels of satisfaction with the enhanced Internet intervention. In logistic regression analyses, the OS4 was highly predictive of 30-day point-prevalence abstinence at 6, 12, and 18 months (all P values <.001). The odds of abstinence at 6 months rose by 48% for each standard unit increase in online social support (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.17 - 1.71), dropping only slightly to 37% at 12 and 18 months (95% CI 1.17 - 1.59). Conclusions The OS4 is a brief, reliable, and valid instrument for measuring online social support for smoking cessation. Results should be replicated and extended, but this study suggests the OS4 can be used to advance theory, understand mechanisms, and potentially help to improve the tailoring of Internet-based smoking cessation treatments. It can also inspire development of similar measures for other online health-related intervention research. Trial registration Clinicaltrials.gov #NCT00282009; http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00282009 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/60XNj3xM6)

Papandonatos, George D; Kang, Hakmook; Moreno, Jose L; Abrams, David B

2011-01-01

51

Minerva: An automated resource provisioning tool for large-scale storage systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enterprise-scale storage systems, which can contain hundreds of host computers and storage devices and up to tens of thousands of disks and logical volumes, are difficult to design. The volume of choices that need to be made is massive, and many choices have unforeseen interactions. Storage system design is tedious and complicated to do by hand, usually leading to solutions

Guillermo A. Alvarez; Elizabeth Borowsky; Susie Go; Theodore H. Romer; Ralph A. Becker-Szendy; Richard A. Golding; Arif Merchant; Mirjana Spasojevic; Alistair C. Veitch; John Wilkes

2001-01-01

52

Provision of ecosystem services by large scale corridors and ecological networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large scale landscape transformation and contingent habitat loss are among the greatest threats to ecological integrity and\\u000a ecosystem health. One of the mitigation approaches used to deal with these pressures is to leave interconnected corridors\\u000a and nodes as remnant ecological networks (ENs) within the transformed landscape. The South African forestry industry has already\\u000a allocated 500,000 ha, one-third of the plantation holdings,

M. J. SamwaysC; C. S. Bazelet; J. S. Pryke

2010-01-01

53

Social and Ecological Dynamics of Small-Scale Fisheries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Globalization's reach is rapidly extending to touch some of the most remote communities of the world, but we have yet to understand its scale and impact. On Nicaragua's previously remote Miskitu Coast, the introduction of new markets and global demand for seafood has resulted in changes in fishermen's harvest behavior manifested within the local fishery. Small-scale fisheries are a significant component in sustaining global fish trade, ensuring food security, and alleviating poverty, but because the fishermen are disperse, numerous and located in remote areas, the social and ecological dynamics of the system are poorly understood. Previous work has indicated a decline in fish abundance as a result of connection to markets, yet fishermen's response to this decline and the resulting shift in harvest strategy requires further examination. I identify the ecological and social factors that explain changes in fishermen behavior and use an innovative application of social network analysis to understand these changes. I also use interviews with fishermen and fishery-dependent surveys to measure catch and release behavior and seasonal gear use. Results demonstrate multiple cliques within a community that mitigate the response of fishermen to changes in the fishery. This research applies techniques in social science to address challenges in sustainable management of fisheries. As fisheries managers consider implementing new regulations, such as seasonal restrictions on gear, it is essential to understand not just how this might impact fish abundance, but how and why human systems respond as they do.

Stevens, K.; Kramer, D.; Frank, K.

2012-12-01

54

Measurement invariance of the 16-item social distress scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  The SD-16 is a 16-item instrument assessing social distress in cancer patients. In addition to work underlining the scale’s\\u000a reliability, validity and clinical utility, recent research has also determined minimally important differences (MID) for\\u000a the instrument. The aim of this study was to assess whether item locations remained stable over time, in order to support\\u000a the longitudinal use of the

Adam B. Smith; Penny Wright; Peter Selby; Galina Velikova

2011-01-01

55

Family Needs and Welfare Provisions. Socially Deprived Families and the Network of Social Welfare Services in Jerusalem: A Study of Congruence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study was designed to examine some of the basic issues pertaining to the congruences and incongruences between prevalent welfare needs of families and available service provisions in Jerusalem. Such an examination was expected to yield information abo...

J. M. Rosenfeld L. Salzberger J. Matras

1973-01-01

56

Assessing adolescent social competence using the Social Responsiveness Scale: should we ask both parents or will just one do?  

PubMed

There is a paucity of instruments designed to measure social competence of adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. The Social Responsiveness Scale is one of a few that can be used. This study compared differences between mother and father reports of social competence of adolescents. Data were collected from parents of 50 adolescents with and without an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis between the ages of 12 and 17 years. The Social Responsiveness Scale demonstrated high interrater reliability between parents. These results suggest that the Social Responsiveness Scale is an efficient and valuable tool for researchers and clinicians to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of an individual's social skills deficits. Additionally, given the extremely high agreement between mothers and fathers on the ratings of their children's social competence, obtaining data from either parent is sufficient to provide an accurate reflection of social competence at home. PMID:22914777

Pearl, Amanda M; Murray, Michael J; Smith, Laura A; Arnold, Mariah

2013-11-01

57

Analysis of the Uniform Accident and Sickness Policy Provision Law: Lessons for Social Work Practice, Policy, and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Uniform Accident and Sickness Policy Provision Law (UPPL) is a state statute that allows insurance companies in 26 states to deny claims for accidents and injuries incurred by persons under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Serious repercussions can result for patients and health care professionals as states enforce this law. To examine differences within the laws that might

Gerald Cochran

2010-01-01

58

The development of the Multidimensional Social Competence Scale: a standardized measure of social competence in autism spectrum disorders.  

PubMed

Autism and its related disorders are commonly described as lying along a continuum that ranges in severity and are collectively referred to as autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Although all individuals with ASD meet the social impairment diagnostic criteria outlined in the DSM-IV-TR, they do not present with the same social difficulties. The variability in the expression and severity of social competence is particularly evident among the group of individuals with "high-functioning" ASD who appear to have difficulty applying their average to above average intelligence in a social context. There is a striking paucity of empirical research investigating individual differences in social functioning among individuals with high-functioning ASD. It is possible that more detailed investigations of social competence have been impeded by the lack of standardized measures available to assess the nature and severity of social impairment. The aim of the current study was to develop and evaluate a parent rating scale capable of assessing individual differences in social competence (i.e. strengths and challenges) among adolescents with ASD: the Multidimensional Social Competence Scale (MSCS). Results from confirmatory factor analyses supported the hypothesized multidimensional factor structure of the MSCS. Seven relatively distinct domains of social competence were identified including social motivation, social inferencing, demonstrating empathic concern, social knowledge, verbal conversation skills, nonverbal sending skills, and emotion regulation. Psychometric evidence provided preliminary support for the reliability and validity of the scale. Possible applications of this promising new parent rating scale in both research and clinical settings are discussed. PMID:24108618

Yager, Jodi; Iarocci, Grace

2013-12-01

59

Measuring Large-Scale Social Networks with High Resolution  

PubMed Central

This paper describes the deployment of a large-scale study designed to measure human interactions across a variety of communication channels, with high temporal resolution and spanning multiple years—the Copenhagen Networks Study. Specifically, we collect data on face-to-face interactions, telecommunication, social networks, location, and background information (personality, demographics, health, politics) for a densely connected population of 1 000 individuals, using state-of-the-art smartphones as social sensors. Here we provide an overview of the related work and describe the motivation and research agenda driving the study. Additionally, the paper details the data-types measured, and the technical infrastructure in terms of both backend and phone software, as well as an outline of the deployment procedures. We document the participant privacy procedures and their underlying principles. The paper is concluded with early results from data analysis, illustrating the importance of multi-channel high-resolution approach to data collection.

Stopczynski, Arkadiusz; Sekara, Vedran; Sapiezynski, Piotr; Cuttone, Andrea; Madsen, Mette My; Larsen, Jakob Eg; Lehmann, Sune

2014-01-01

60

Measuring large-scale social networks with high resolution.  

PubMed

This paper describes the deployment of a large-scale study designed to measure human interactions across a variety of communication channels, with high temporal resolution and spanning multiple years-the Copenhagen Networks Study. Specifically, we collect data on face-to-face interactions, telecommunication, social networks, location, and background information (personality, demographics, health, politics) for a densely connected population of 1 000 individuals, using state-of-the-art smartphones as social sensors. Here we provide an overview of the related work and describe the motivation and research agenda driving the study. Additionally, the paper details the data-types measured, and the technical infrastructure in terms of both backend and phone software, as well as an outline of the deployment procedures. We document the participant privacy procedures and their underlying principles. The paper is concluded with early results from data analysis, illustrating the importance of multi-channel high-resolution approach to data collection. PMID:24770359

Stopczynski, Arkadiusz; Sekara, Vedran; Sapiezynski, Piotr; Cuttone, Andrea; Madsen, Mette My; Larsen, Jakob Eg; Lehmann, Sune

2014-01-01

61

Rotter’s Internal-External Scale: Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Correlation With Social Desirability for Alternative Scale Formats  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rotter’s (1966) internal-external control of reinforcement scale has been widely used since its introduction. However, problems of dimensionality, social desirability correlation, and scale format have been reported. In this study, 536 psychology undergraduate students completed alternative versions of Rotter’s internal-external scale and the Marlowe-Crowne (Crowne & Marlowe, 1960) social desirability scale. Of these subjects, 178 completed the scales in their

Neal M. Ashkanasy

1985-01-01

62

[Psychometric properties of a Multidimensional Scale of Social Expression to assess social skills in the Internet context].  

PubMed

The increase in the use of New Technologies in social relationships could be generating a new paradigm in social skills. Valid and reliable instruments to assess these changes are needed. The aim of this study is to analyze the psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Scale of Social Expression (EMES) in the assessment of social skills on the Internet and Social Networks. A total of 413 college students from the province of Alicante participated on this study. The scale was applied according to two contexts: Real and Internet/Virtual. High internal consistency was shown. The 12-factor structure found for the Virtual Context scale is similar to that of the original study. The scale had shown to be a good predictor of hours of Internet use. In conclusion, EMES-C is useful for assessing real context and Internet context social skills. PMID:22269374

Carballo, José L; Pérez-Jover, Ma Virtudes; Espada, José P; Orgilés, Mireia; Piqueras, José Antonio

2012-02-01

63

Pathogens, Social Networks, and the Paradox of Transmission Scaling  

PubMed Central

Understanding the scaling of transmission is critical to predicting how infectious diseases will affect populations of different sizes and densities. The two classic “mean-field” epidemic models—either assuming density-dependent or frequency-dependent transmission—make predictions that are discordant with patterns seen in either within-population dynamics or across-population comparisons. In this paper, we propose that the source of this inconsistency lies in the greatly simplifying “mean-field” assumption of transmission within a fully-mixed population. Mixing in real populations is more accurately represented by a network of contacts, with interactions and infectious contacts confined to the local social neighborhood. We use network models to show that density-dependent transmission on heterogeneous networks often leads to apparent frequency dependency in the scaling of transmission across populations of different sizes. Network-methodology allows us to reconcile seemingly conflicting patterns of within- and across-population epidemiology.

Ferrari, Matthew J.; Perkins, Sarah E.; Pomeroy, Laura W.; Bj?rnstad, Ottar N.

2011-01-01

64

A theory of infrastructure provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a survey of research in the area of infrastructure provision. A body of research from regional development, development economics, and regional systems of innovation has embraced questions of regional innovation as a topic of study. This literature, as of yet, has not examined the character of infrastructure provisioning, preferring instead to focus on the social and economic

S. W. Cunningham; J. H. Kwakkel

2009-01-01

65

Social Skills Assessment: A Comparative Evaluation of Six Published Rating Scales.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews four norm-referenced instruments used to assess preschool and school-aged children. The Social Skills Rating System was found to be the most comprehensive; the School Social Behavior Scales and the Walker-McConnell Scale of Social Competence are useful for more limited school scope. (Author/JDM)

Demaray, Michelle K.; Ruffalo, Stacey L.; Carlson, John; Busse, R. T.; Olson, Amy E.; McManus, Susan M.; Leventhal, Amy

1995-01-01

66

A Validation Study of the Barth-Shermis Social Studies Preference Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study which tested the reliability and validity of the Barth-Shermis Social Studies Preference Scale as a measure of teaching orientations with respect to Barth and Shermis' three traditions. Subjects were 190 secondary social studies teachers. (AM)

White, Charles S.

1982-01-01

67

School Renewal on a Grand Scale: Managing Complex Initiatives To Restructure Local Provision of Schooling in England.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategies for initiating and sustaining complex education change, as reported in this paper, entail coordinated interaction across administrative levels of public education systems. Efforts to change schooling in England have included initiatives to downsize and reconfigure the provision of state-funded education. These efforts have created…

Wallace, Mike

68

The Appraisal of Social Concerns Scale: Psychometric Validation with a Clinical Sample of Patients with Social Anxiety Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Appraisal of Social Concerns (ASC) Scale was created by Telch et al. (2004) to improve upon existing self-report measures of social anxiety-related cognition. In a largely nonclinical sample, the ASC was found to possess three factors and was psychometrically sound. In a smaller clinical sample, the ASC demonstrated sensitivity to the effects…

Schultz, Luke T.; Heimberg, Richard G.; Rodebaugh, Thomas L.; Schneier, Franklin R.; Liebowitz, Michael R.; Telch, Michael J.

2006-01-01

69

Equality in the Provision of Social, Personal and Health Education in the Republic of Ireland: The Case of Homophobic Bullying?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2000, the Government of the Republic of Ireland introduced a syllabus for second-level schools (12-15 years) in Social Personal and Health Education (SPHE). Within this SPHE syllabus there is a significant component on Relationships and Sexuality Education (RSE). In terms of diversity and equality it is questionable to what extent this newly…

O'Higgins-Norman, James

2008-01-01

70

Why are so Many Bees but so Few Digger Wasps Social? The Effect of Provisioning Mode and Helper Efficiency on the Distribution of Sociality Among the Apoidea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sociality has evolved predominantly in a few taxa within the animal kingdom. Even within the Hymenoptera, which are famous\\u000a for their abundance and diversity of social life forms, eusocial species are very unevenly distributed among different families.\\u000a Here we ask why within the superfamily Apoidea so few sphecid wasps but so many bees have become eusocial. We argue that the

Erhard Strohm; Jörgen Liebig

71

Lifelong Learning and Vocational Education and Training: Values, Social Capital, and Caring in Work-Based Learning Provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

The two main objectives of lifelong learning policy, theory and practice in Britain – and also to a large extent in Europe\\u000a and Australasia (Hyland, 1999; Field – Leicester, 2000) – are the development of vocational skills to enhance economic productivity,\\u000a and the fostering of social inclusion and civic cohesion. Direct links are made between inclusion and economic prosperity\\u000a in

Terry Hyland

72

The Development and Initial Validation of the Empathy Scale for Social Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Empathy is a core principle essential to social work. Despite this emphasis, minimal empirical research of empathy has been undertaken by social work researchers. The purpose of this study was to develop and initially validate the Empathy Scale for Social Workers (ESSW). The ESSW is a 41-item self-report inventory designed to assess empathy in…

King, Steve, Jr.; Holosko, Michael J.

2012-01-01

73

Human Rights Engagement and Exposure: New Scales to Challenge Social Work Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: Advancing human rights is a core competency of U.S. social work education; yet, human rights attitudes and behaviors have never been measured in the social work literature. Thus, this article describes the development and initial validation of two scales, Human Rights Engagement in Social Work (HRESW) and Human Rights Exposure in…

McPherson, Jane; Abell, Neil

2012-01-01

74

Development of the Preschool Developmental Assessment Scale (PDAS) on Children's Social Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aimed to describe the design and development of the social domain of the Preschool Developmental Assessment Scale (PDAS), which would be used for assessment of preschool children with different developmental disabilities. The original version of the social domain consisted of 30 items. Children were asked questions about their social

Leung, Cynthia; Cheung, Jasmine; Lau, Vanessa; Lam, Catherine

2011-01-01

75

Psychometric Characteristics of the California Preschool Social Competence Scale in a Spanish Population Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Few rating scales measure social competence in very young Spanish or Catalan children. We aimed to analyze the psychometric characteristics of the California Preschool Social Competence Scale (CPSCS) when applied to a Spanish- and Catalan-speaking population. Children were rated by their respective teachers within 6 months…

Julvez, Jordi; Forns, Maria; Ribas-Fito, Nuria; Mazon, Carlos; Torrent, Maties; Garcia-Esteban, Raquel; Ellison-Loschmann, Lis; Sunyer, Jordi

2008-01-01

76

Reliability and validity of the parent form of the social competence scale in Chinese preschoolers.  

PubMed

The Parent Form of the Social Competence Scale (SCS-PF) was translated into Chinese and validated in a sample of Chinese preschool children (N = 443). Results confirmed a single dimension and high internal consistency in the SCS-PF. Mothers' ratings on the SCS-PF correlated moderately with teachers' ratings on the Teacher Form of the Social Competence Scale and weakly with teachers' ratings on the Student-Teacher Relationship Scale. PMID:23045868

Zhang, Xiao; Ke, Xue; Wang, Xiaoyan

2012-08-01

77

The provision of and need for social support among adult and pediatric patients with tuberculosis in Lima, Peru: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Tuberculosis (TB) remains a significant public health problem in Peru, causing an estimated 35,000 new cases each year, 6.7% of whom are co-infected with HIV. Social support mechanisms are key in influencing health-seeking behavior, adherence, and overall patient wellbeing in clinical settings. We examine the types of social support received by TB patients and parents of pediatric patients in peri-urban Lima, Peru, to understand its role in patients’ psychosocial wellbeing during treatment. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted between August 2004 and May 2005 among 43 individuals: 19 adults with TB, 8 adults with TB/HIV, 13 parents of pediatric TB patients, and 3 parents of pediatric TB/HIV patients. Results Patients described the need for psychosocial support to mitigate the difficulty of continually going to the clinic to take medications, tending to other family or professional responsibilities while on treatment, and confronting stigma and social isolation within their community. Family members most often contributed to meeting these psychosocial needs, and were also crucial in providing economic support to patients faced with burdensome medical expenses or who were forced to leave their jobs due to being on treatment. Most healthcare personnel were described as key providers of emotional support and encouragement for patients to successfully adhere to treatment, however there were a select few doctors whose “scare tactics” seemingly discouraged patient adherence. During the treatment process, patients described being more socially withdrawn as a result of feeling fatigued from their medications, however most participants also described forming new mutually supportive friendships among their fellow patients. Conclusions Despite the general reluctance of patients to disclose their disease status, patients received a significant amount of psychosocial support from both family members to whom they disclosed, and from positive interactions with healthcare providers. High levels of depression were reported, with many patients voicing need for improved and more frequent psychological interventions. To improve the Peru TB program, participants suggested extending educational opportunities to patients’ families and the wider community, increasing the existing amount of nutritional support, and programmatic provision of vocational activities to increase economic opportunities.

2013-01-01

78

Multidimensional, Threshold Effects of Social Support in Firefighters: Is More Support Invariably Better?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between social support (Social Provisions Scale) and stress (Perceived Stress Scale) in a sample of male firefighters in a midwestern community (N=53). The authors assessed 5 types of perceived support from 2 sources: peer firefighters and supervisors. Results indicate that reassurance of worth and social

Varvel, Shiloh Jordan; He, Yuhong; Shannon, Jennifer K.; Tager, David; Bledman, Rashanta A.; Chaichanasakul, Adipat; Mendoza, Monique M.; Mallinckrodt, Brent

2007-01-01

79

Validity and Reliability of the Social Support Scale for Exercise Behavior in Diabetic Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The present study aimed at examining the reliability and validity of the Persian version of Sallis’s Social Support Scale for Exercise Behavior. It also aimed at measuring the predictive power of this scale among diabetic women. Method: confirmatory factor analysis was used to identify potential differences between English and Persian versions and construct validity of the scale. Cronbach’s ?

Azita Noroozi; Fazlollah Ghofranipour; Ali Reza Heydarnia; Iraj Nabipour; Farkhondeh Amin Shokravi

2011-01-01

80

The scale issue in social and natural sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Spatial scale is a major concept in many ,sciences concerned with human ,activities and physical processes occurring at the Earth’s surface. In particular, geographic literature is rich in discussions about the importance of scale in both the scientific and the familiar representations of the world (Meentemeyer, 1989; Ferras, 1992). Scale is now increasingly recognized as a central concept in

Danielle J. Marceau

81

Reliability and Validity Evidence for the Social Goal Scale-Physical Education (SGS-PE) in High School Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two types of social goals associated with students' academic performance have received attention from researchers. One is the social responsibility goal and the other is the social relationship goal. While several scales have been validated for measuring social relationship and social responsibility goals in academic settings, few studies have…

Guan, Jianmin; McBride, Ron E.; Xiang, Ping

2006-01-01

82

Validity and reliability of the Greek version of the Multisource Assessment of Social Competence Scale.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to adapt the Multisource Assessment of Social Competence Scale to the Greek language. The validity and reliability of the scale were examined in three studies with 209, 192, and 147 sixth-grade students, respectively. The subscale structure of the Multisource Assessment of Social Competence Scale was supported through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. The hypothesized two main dimensions, Prosocial and Antisocial behavior, were divided into two factors, Cooperating skills and Empathy for Prosocial behavior and Quick-temperedness and Disruptiveness for Antisocial behavior. Internal consistency and test-retest reliability were high. Additionally, correlations between each factor and social desirability scores were nonsignificant. The resultant model of the present study is a behavior rating scale that should be considered a reliable choice for assessing Greek middle school students' social skills. PMID:17326487

Magotsiou, Evmorfia; Goudas, Marios; Hasandra, Maria

2006-12-01

83

Functional traits as indicators of fodder provision over a short time scale in species-rich grasslands  

PubMed Central

Background and Aims Fodder provision in species-rich grasslands, i.e. herbage growth, proportion of leaf, and leaf and stem digestibility, is difficult to predict for short periods of time, such as between two defoliations or less. The value of two methods based on plant traits for evaluating these agronomic properties was examined. Methods One method is based on plant trait measurements on the plant community (leaf dry matter content, plant height, flowering date); the other is on vegetation composition expressed as plant functional types (acquisitive versus conservative PFTs) established by measuring leaf dry matter content on pure grass stands. The experiment consisted of 18 fields with three different defoliation regimes (combinations of cutting and grazing) and two levels of fertilization. To establish a growth curve over the first growth cycle, herbage was sampled about 10 times in spring. Key Results Coefficients of correlation between agronomic properties of the vegetation and its functional composition were higher when the latter was assessed through PFT and an indicator of the plant nutrient status (Ni) instead of measured plant traits. The date at which the ceiling yield occurred for the standing herbage mass or only the leaf component, which varied by up to 500 degree-days between treatments, and the leaf proportion, depended entirely on the PFT, and largely so for the leaf digestibility. The standing herbage mass at the time of ceiling yield depended only on Ni, or mainly so in the case of the daily herbage growth rate. Similar plant digestibility between plant communities was found at flowering time, although there were big differences in PFT composition. The shape of the growth curve was flatter when there was great functional diversity in the plant community. Conclusions The PFT composition and the Ni were more reliable than the plant functional traits measured in the field for evaluating herbage growth pattern and digestibility in spring.

Ansquer, Pauline; Duru, Michel; Theau, Jean Pierre; Cruz, Pablo

2009-01-01

84

Construct Validation of the Social Competence Scale in Preschool-Age Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the utility of the social competence scale (SCS)-parent version, a measure of social competence developed for children of elementary school age, for use with preschool-age children. Data were derived from two samples of preschoolers: a community sample assessed at enrollment to pre-kindergarten programs and a high-risk sample…

Gouley, Kathleen Kiely; Brotman, Laurie Miller; Huang, Keng-Yen; Shrout, Patrick E.

2008-01-01

85

Scalable influence maximization for prevalent viral marketing in large-scale social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Influence maximization, defined by Kempe, Kleinberg, and Tardos (2003), is the problem of finding a small set of seed nodes in a social network that maximizes the spread of influence under certain influence cascade models. The scalability of influence maximization is a key factor for enabling prevalent viral marketing in large-scale online social networks. Prior solutions, such as the greedy

Wei Chen; Chi Wang; Yajun Wang

2010-01-01

86

Evidence Based Clinical Assessment of Child and Adolescent Social Phobia: A Critical Review of Rating Scales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigating the empirical support of various assessment instruments, the evidence based assessment approach expands the scientific basis of psychotherapy. Starting from Hunsley and Mash's evaluative framework, we critically reviewed the rating scales designed to measure social anxiety or phobia in youth. Thirteen of the most researched social

Tulbure, Bogdan T.; Szentagotai, Aurora; Dobrean, Anca; David, Daniel

2012-01-01

87

Learning to Teach for Social Justice-Beliefs Scale: An Application of Rasch Measurement Principles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors illustrate how a Rasch model can guide the development of a new affective measurement instrument--the Learning to Teach for Social Justice--Beliefs scale. The results provide strong evidence of a meaningful continuum of attitudes about teaching for social justice ranging from those easier to endorse to those more difficult to endorse.…

Ludlow, Larry H.; Enterline, Sarah E.; Cochran-Smith, Marilyn

2008-01-01

88

Measuring Perceived Social Support in Mexican American Youth: Psychometric Properties of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The utility of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) (Zimet, Dahlem, Zimet,& Farley, 1988) was investigated within a sample of 290 Mexican American adolescents. Results suggested that the three-subscale structure (Family, Friends, and Significant Other) of the MSPSS was confirmed, and adequate internal reliability for the…

Edwards, Lisa M.

2004-01-01

89

Egyptian Social Studies Teachers' Responses to the Barth/Shermis Social Studies Preference Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Out of the eight decades of thought about the meaning of social studies, some agreement as to the purpose and goals of social studies has emerged, yet argument continues on just how the goals and purposes should be applied. One approach to understanding the different points of view on the purposes and goals is the "three traditions"…

Barth, James L.

90

Cancer-specific social support received by newly diagnosed cancer patients: validating the new Structural-Functional Social Support Scale (SFSS) measurement tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

Goals of workTo investigate potentially health-enhancing domains of cancer patients’ social relationships we evaluated various dimensions of social support as experienced in early cancer.Patients and methodsIn consecutive samples of 72 melanoma and 103 breast cancer patients diagnosed 3–4 months earlier, we evaluated the cancer-specific social network and received social support by the Structural-Functional Social Support Scale (SFSS) validated within the

Ulla-Sisko Lehto-Järnstedt; Markku Ojanen; Pirkko Kellokumpu-Lehtinen

2004-01-01

91

Broadening definitions of family for older lesbians: modifying the Lubben social network scale.  

PubMed

Lesbian seniors have triple vulnerability (gender, sexual orientation, and age), necessitating inquiry into their social support needs, yet research about that is scare. Investigators identify relationships between social support and senior health. The Lubben Social Network Scale, Revised (LSNS-R), has provided such evidence and has been used to study many diverse senior groups. We modified it to include a Family of Choice category and qualitative questions to give context to responses among a sample of older lesbians. Our pilot demonstrated that the modification made a difference in accurately measuring social support among the sample, yet further investigation is warranted. PMID:24571296

Gabrielson, Marcena L; Holston, Ezra C

2014-01-01

92

Scale mismatches, conservation planning, and the value of social-network analyses.  

PubMed

Many of the challenges conservation professionals face can be framed as scale mismatches. The problem of scale mismatch occurs when the planning for and implementation of conservation actions is at a scale that does not reflect the scale of the conservation problem. The challenges in conservation planning related to scale mismatch include ecosystem or ecological process transcendence of governance boundaries; limited availability of fine-resolution data; lack of operational capacity for implementation; lack of understanding of social-ecological system components; threats to ecological diversity that operate at diverse spatial and temporal scales; mismatch between funding and the long-term nature of ecological processes; rate of action implementation that does not reflect the rate of change of the ecological system; lack of appropriate indicators for monitoring activities; and occurrence of ecological change at scales smaller or larger than the scale of implementation or monitoring. Not recognizing and accounting for these challenges when planning for conservation can result in actions that do not address the multiscale nature of conservation problems and that do not achieve conservation objectives. Social networks link organizations and individuals across space and time and determine the scale of conservation actions; thus, an understanding of the social networks associated with conservation planning will help determine the potential for implementing conservation actions at the required scales. Social-network analyses can be used to explore whether these networks constrain or enable key social processes and how multiple scales of action are linked. Results of network analyses can be used to mitigate scale mismatches in assessing, planning, implementing, and monitoring conservation projects. PMID:23305381

Guerrero, Angela M; McAllister, Ryan R J; Corcoran, Jonathan; Wilson, Kerrie A

2013-02-01

93

Managing large-scale workflow execution from resource provisioning to provenance tracking: The CyberShake example  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This paper discusses the process of building an environment where large-scale, complex, scientific analysis can be scheduled onto a heterogeneous collection of computational and storage resources. The example application is the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC) CyberShake project, an analysis designed to compute probabilistic seismic hazard curves for sites in the Los Angeles area. We explain which software tools were used to build to the system, describe their functionality and interactions. We show the results of running the CyberShake analysis that included over 250,000 jobs using resources available through SCEC and the TeraGrid. ?? 2006 IEEE.

Deelman, E.; Callaghan, S.; Field, E.; Francoeur, H.; Graves, R.; Gupta, N.; Gupta, V.; Jordan, T. H.; Kesselman, C.; Maechling, P.; Mehringer, J.; Mehta, G.; Okaya, D.; Vahi, K.; Zhao, L.

2006-01-01

94

Social scale and structural complexity in human languages  

PubMed Central

The complexity of different components of the grammars of human languages can be quantified. For example, languages vary greatly in the size of their phonological inventories, and in the degree to which they make use of inflectional morphology. Recent studies have shown that there are relationships between these types of grammatical complexity and the number of speakers a language has. Languages spoken by large populations have been found to have larger phonological inventories, but simpler morphology, than languages spoken by small populations. The results require further investigation, and, most importantly, the mechanism whereby the social context of learning and use affects the grammatical evolution of a language needs elucidation.

Nettle, Daniel

2012-01-01

95

Can autism spectrum disorders and social anxiety disorders be differentiated by the social responsiveness scale in children and adolescents?  

PubMed

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as well as social phobia (SP), and selective mutism (SM) are characterised by impaired social interaction. We assessed the validity of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) to differentiate between ASD, and SP/SM. Raw scores were compared in 6-18 year old individuals with ASD (N = 60), SP (N = 38), SM (N = 43), and typically developed (N = 42). Sensitivity and specificity were examined. The three disorders showed overlapping SRS scores. Especially in boys with SM (ROC-AUC = .81), presence of ASD was overestimated by the SRS. A combination of three disorder specific questionnaires resulted in marginally improved diagnostic accuracy. For the clinically very relevant differential diagnosis of SP/SM, SRS results must be interpreted with caution. PMID:24682652

Cholemkery, Hannah; Mojica, Laura; Rohrmann, Sonja; Gensthaler, Angelika; Freitag, Christine M

2014-05-01

96

The Social Orienting Continuum and Response Scale (SOC-RS): A Dimensional Measure for Preschool-Aged Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children with autism show deficits in social referencing, joint attention, orienting to their names, and social smiling as early as the first year of life. The present study describes the development of the Social Orienting Continuum and Response Scale (SOC-RS), a quantitative scale assessing each of these behaviors during the course of…

Mosconi, Matthew W.; Reznick, J. Steven; Mesibov, Gary; Piven, Joseph

2009-01-01

97

Social Desirability and Behavior Rating Scales: An Exploratory Study with the Child Behavior Checklist/4-18  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between the Child Behavior Checklist/4-18 (CBCL/4-18) and two modified measures of social desirability, the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale and the Edwards Social Desirability Scale with a sample of 65 parents of normal children from grades K-7. Results from correlational and multiple regression…

Merydith, Scott P.; Prout, H. Thompson; Blaha, John

2003-01-01

98

Scale indicators of social exchange relationships: A comparison of relative content validity.  

PubMed

[Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported in Vol 99(4) of Journal of Applied Psychology (see record 2014-27229-001). In the article, the first sentence in the caption for Figure 4 should have been: "Definitional correspondence levels for organization sample (n = 122)." All versions of this article have been corrected.] Although social exchange theory has become one of the most oft-evoked theories in industrial and organizational psychology, there remains no consensus about how to measure its key mechanism: social exchange relationships (Blau, 1964). Drawing on Cropanzano and Byrne's (2000) review of contemporary social exchange theorizing, we examined the content validity of perceived support, exchange quality, affective commitment, trust, and psychological contract fulfillment as indicators of social exchange relationships. We used Hinkin and Tracey's (1999) quantitative approach to content validation, which asks participants to rate the correspondence between scale items and definitions of intended (and unintended) constructs. Our results revealed that some of the most frequently utilized indicators of social exchange relationships-perceived support and exchange quality-were significantly less content valid than rarely used options like affect-based trust. Our results also revealed that 2 direct measures-Bernerth, Armenakis, Feild, Giles, and Walker's (2007) scale and a scale created for this study-were content valid. We discuss the implications of these results for future applications of social exchange theory. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24708267

Colquitt, Jason A; Baer, Michael D; Long, David M; Halvorsen-Ganepola, Marie D K

2014-07-01

99

Multiple time-scales and the developmental dynamics of social systems  

PubMed Central

To build a theory of social complexity, we need to understand how aggregate social properties arise from individual interaction rules. Here, I review a body of work on the developmental dynamics of pigtailed macaque social organization and conflict management that provides insight into the mechanistic causes of multi-scale social systems. In this model system coarse-grained, statistical representations of collective dynamics are more predictive of the future state of the system than the constantly in-flux behavioural patterns at the individual level. The data suggest that individuals can perceive and use these representations for strategical decision-making. As an interaction history accumulates the coarse-grained representations consolidate. This constrains individual behaviour and provides the foundations for new levels of organization. The time-scales on which these representations change impact whether the consolidating higher-levels can be modified by individuals and collectively. The time-scales appear to be a function of the ‘coarseness’ of the representations and the character of the collective dynamics over which they are averages. The data suggest that an advantage of multiple timescales is that they allow social systems to balance tradeoffs between predictability and adaptability. I briefly discuss the implications of these findings for cognition, social niche construction and the evolution of new levels of organization in biological systems.

Flack, Jessica C.

2012-01-01

100

Adaptation of the ESPA29 Parental Socialization Styles Scale to the Basque language: evidence of validity.  

PubMed

The aim of this study is to adapt the ESPA29 scale of parental socialization styles in adolescence to the Basque language. The study of its psychometric properties is based on the search for evidence of internal and external validity. The first focuses on the assessment of the dimensionality of the scale by means of exploratory factor analysis. The relationship between the dimensions of parental socialization styles and gender and age guarantee the external validity of the scale. The study of the equivalence of the adapted and original versions is based on the comparisons of the reliability coefficients and on factor congruence. The results allow us to conclude the equivalence of the two scales. PMID:19899674

López-Jáuregui, Alicia; Oliden, Paula Elosua

2009-11-01

101

Schools, Space and Social Policy: Educational Provision for the Children of Migrant Workers in Munich. International Monographs in Community and Educational Policy Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three aspects of the problem of school provision for the children of migrant workers in a major European city (Munich), which hitherto have usually been viewed in isolation, are linked together in this paper. These aspects are problems of the infrastructure of education, viewed in the context patterns of urban development and shifts of population…

Geipel, Robert

102

Validation of the Social Appearance Anxiety Scale: Factor, Convergent, and Divergent Validity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (SAAS) was created to assess fear of overall appearance evaluation. Initial psychometric work indicated that the measure had a single-factor structure and exhibited excellent internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and convergent validity. In the current study, the authors further examined the factor,…

Levinson, Cheri A.; Rodebaugh, Thomas L.

2011-01-01

103

Psychometric Evaluation of the Fear of Positive Evaluation Scale in Patients with Social Anxiety Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Fear of Positive Evaluation Scale (FPES; J. W. Weeks, R. G. Heimberg, & T. L. Rodebaugh, 2008) was designed to assess fear of positive evaluation, a proposed cognitive component of social anxiety. Although previous findings on the psychometric properties of the FPES have been highly encouraging, only 1 previous study has examined the…

Weeks, Justin W.; Heimberg, Richard G.; Rodebaugh, Thomas L.; Goldin, Philippe R.; Gross, James J.

2012-01-01

104

Social cognition and object relations scale: Convergent validity and changes following intensive inpatient treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

To assess the convergent validity and clinical utility of the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale (SCORS), we utilized data on treatment-resistant young adults in intensive, psychoanalytically oriented, inpatient treatment. Convergent validity was assessed through correlations between the SCORS and Rorschach measures of mental representations, clinical assessments of interpersonal behavior, and a measure of defense mechanisms. Results of the convergent

John H. Porcerelli; Golan Shahar; Sidney J. Blatt; Richard Q. Ford; Jacqueline A. Mezza; Lisa M. Greenlee

2006-01-01

105

Construction and Validation of a Professional Suitability Scale for Social Work Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on the construction and validation of a professional suitability scale, designed for assessing students' suitability for social work practice. Data were collected from 188 field supervisors who provided usable questionnaires, representing a response rate of 74%. Construct validation by exploratory factor analysis identified a…

Tam, Dora M. Y.; Coleman, Heather

2009-01-01

106

Gender differences of children's social skills and parenting using Interaction Rating Scale (IRS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The purpose of this paper is to describe the gender differences of the Interaction Rating Scale (IRS) as an evidence-based practical index of children's social skills and parenting.Methods: The participants in our study, which was conducted as part of a Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) cohort study project, were 370 dyads of children with their caregivers were followed

T. Anme; R. Shinohara; Y. Sugisawa; L. Tong; E. Tanaka; T. Watanabe; Y. Onda; Y. Kawashima; M. Hirano; E. Tomisaki; H. Mochizuki; K. Morita; A. Gan-Yadam; Y. Yato; N. Yamakawa

2010-01-01

107

Factor Structure of the Family Environment Scale: Effects of Social Desirability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented for 64 subjects a replication of the Family Environment Scale's maximum likelihood factor structure for which the two-factor, Varimax-rotated solution was found to be stable when the correlations among the subscales were corrected for the effects of social desirability response bias. (Author)

Fowler, Patrick C.

1982-01-01

108

Using the Imaginary Audience Scale as a Measure of Social Anxiety in Young Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored the utility and meaning of the imaginary audience phenomenon in 2 studies involving 207 and 101college students. Results show that the Imaginary Audience Scale (D. Elkind and R. Bowen, 1979) meets conventional standards of validity and reliability, and that imaginary audience behavior is related to social anxiety, the self, and…

Kelly, Kristine M.; Jones, Warren H.; Adams, Jeffrey M.

2002-01-01

109

Investigating the Measurement Properties of the Social Responsiveness Scale in Preschool Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the measurement properties of the Social Responsiveness Scale in an accelerated longitudinal sample of 4-year-old preschool children with the complementary approaches of categorical confirmatory factor analysis and Rasch analysis. Measurement models based on the literature and other hypothesized measurement…

Duku, Eric; Vaillancourt, Tracy; Szatmari, Peter; Georgiades, Stelios; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Smith, Isabel M.; Bryson, Susan; Fombonne, Eric; Mirenda, Pat; Roberts, Wendy; Volden, Joanne; Waddell, Charlotte; Thompson, Ann; Bennett, Teresa

2013-01-01

110

The Reliability and Validity of the Social Responsiveness Scale in a UK General Child Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first UK study to report the reliability, validity, and factor structure of the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) in a general population sample. Parents of 500 children (aged 5-8 years) in North East England completed the SRS. Profiles of scores were similar to USA norms, and a single factor structure was identified. Good construct…

Wigham, Sarah; McConachie, Helen; Tandos, Jonathan; Le Couteur, Ann S.

2012-01-01

111

Emergence of Scale-Free Close-Knit Friendship Structure in Online Social Networks  

PubMed Central

Although the structural properties of online social networks have attracted much attention, the properties of the close-knit friendship structures remain an important question. Here, we mainly focus on how these mesoscale structures are affected by the local and global structural properties. Analyzing the data of four large-scale online social networks reveals several common structural properties. It is found that not only the local structures given by the indegree, outdegree, and reciprocal degree distributions follow a similar scaling behavior, the mesoscale structures represented by the distributions of close-knit friendship structures also exhibit a similar scaling law. The degree correlation is very weak over a wide range of the degrees. We propose a simple directed network model that captures the observed properties. The model incorporates two mechanisms: reciprocation and preferential attachment. Through rate equation analysis of our model, the local-scale and mesoscale structural properties are derived. In the local-scale, the same scaling behavior of indegree and outdegree distributions stems from indegree and outdegree of nodes both growing as the same function of the introduction time, and the reciprocal degree distribution also shows the same power-law due to the linear relationship between the reciprocal degree and in/outdegree of nodes. In the mesoscale, the distributions of four closed triples representing close-knit friendship structures are found to exhibit identical power-laws, a behavior attributed to the negligible degree correlations. Intriguingly, all the power-law exponents of the distributions in the local-scale and mesoscale depend only on one global parameter, the mean in/outdegree, while both the mean in/outdegree and the reciprocity together determine the ratio of the reciprocal degree of a node to its in/outdegree. Structural properties of numerical simulated networks are analyzed and compared with each of the four real networks. This work helps understand the interplay between structures on different scales in online social networks.

Cui, Ai-Xiang; Zhang, Zi-Ke; Tang, Ming; Hui, Pak Ming; Fu, Yan

2012-01-01

112

Emergence of scale-free close-knit friendship structure in online social networks.  

PubMed

Although the structural properties of online social networks have attracted much attention, the properties of the close-knit friendship structures remain an important question. Here, we mainly focus on how these mesoscale structures are affected by the local and global structural properties. Analyzing the data of four large-scale online social networks reveals several common structural properties. It is found that not only the local structures given by the indegree, outdegree, and reciprocal degree distributions follow a similar scaling behavior, the mesoscale structures represented by the distributions of close-knit friendship structures also exhibit a similar scaling law. The degree correlation is very weak over a wide range of the degrees. We propose a simple directed network model that captures the observed properties. The model incorporates two mechanisms: reciprocation and preferential attachment. Through rate equation analysis of our model, the local-scale and mesoscale structural properties are derived. In the local-scale, the same scaling behavior of indegree and outdegree distributions stems from indegree and outdegree of nodes both growing as the same function of the introduction time, and the reciprocal degree distribution also shows the same power-law due to the linear relationship between the reciprocal degree and in/outdegree of nodes. In the mesoscale, the distributions of four closed triples representing close-knit friendship structures are found to exhibit identical power-laws, a behavior attributed to the negligible degree correlations. Intriguingly, all the power-law exponents of the distributions in the local-scale and mesoscale depend only on one global parameter, the mean in/outdegree, while both the mean in/outdegree and the reciprocity together determine the ratio of the reciprocal degree of a node to its in/outdegree. Structural properties of numerical simulated networks are analyzed and compared with each of the four real networks. This work helps understand the interplay between structures on different scales in online social networks. PMID:23272067

Cui, Ai-Xiang; Zhang, Zi-Ke; Tang, Ming; Hui, Pak Ming; Fu, Yan

2012-01-01

113

Scaling up Corporate Social Investments in Education: Five Strategies That Work. Global Views. Policy Paper 2012-01  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scaling up good corporate social investment practices in developing countries is crucial to realizing the "Education for All" and "Millennium Development Goals". Yet very few corporate social investments have the right mix of vision, financing, cross-sector engagement and leadership to come to scale. Globally, 67 million children are not enrolled…

van Fleet, Justin W.

2012-01-01

114

Multirelational organization of large-scale social networks in an online world  

PubMed Central

The capacity to collect fingerprints of individuals in online media has revolutionized the way researchers explore human society. Social systems can be seen as a nonlinear superposition of a multitude of complex social networks, where nodes represent individuals and links capture a variety of different social relations. Much emphasis has been put on the network topology of social interactions, however, the multidimensional nature of these interactions has largely been ignored, mostly because of lack of data. Here, for the first time, we analyze a complete, multirelational, large social network of a society consisting of the 300,000 odd players of a massive multiplayer online game. We extract networks of six different types of one-to-one interactions between the players. Three of them carry a positive connotation (friendship, communication, trade), three a negative (enmity, armed aggression, punishment). We first analyze these types of networks as separate entities and find that negative interactions differ from positive interactions by their lower reciprocity, weaker clustering, and fatter-tail degree distribution. We then explore how the interdependence of different network types determines the organization of the social system. In particular, we study correlations and overlap between different types of links and demonstrate the tendency of individuals to play different roles in different networks. As a demonstration of the power of the approach, we present the first empirical large-scale verification of the long-standing structural balance theory, by focusing on the specific multiplex network of friendship and enmity relations.

Szell, Michael; Lambiotte, Renaud; Thurner, Stefan

2010-01-01

115

Multirelational organization of large-scale social networks in an online world.  

PubMed

The capacity to collect fingerprints of individuals in online media has revolutionized the way researchers explore human society. Social systems can be seen as a nonlinear superposition of a multitude of complex social networks, where nodes represent individuals and links capture a variety of different social relations. Much emphasis has been put on the network topology of social interactions, however, the multidimensional nature of these interactions has largely been ignored, mostly because of lack of data. Here, for the first time, we analyze a complete, multirelational, large social network of a society consisting of the 300,000 odd players of a massive multiplayer online game. We extract networks of six different types of one-to-one interactions between the players. Three of them carry a positive connotation (friendship, communication, trade), three a negative (enmity, armed aggression, punishment). We first analyze these types of networks as separate entities and find that negative interactions differ from positive interactions by their lower reciprocity, weaker clustering, and fatter-tail degree distribution. We then explore how the interdependence of different network types determines the organization of the social system. In particular, we study correlations and overlap between different types of links and demonstrate the tendency of individuals to play different roles in different networks. As a demonstration of the power of the approach, we present the first empirical large-scale verification of the long-standing structural balance theory, by focusing on the specific multiplex network of friendship and enmity relations. PMID:20643965

Szell, Michael; Lambiotte, Renaud; Thurner, Stefan

2010-08-01

116

Development of the Preschool Developmental Assessment Scale (PDAS) on children's social development.  

PubMed

This paper aimed to describe the design and development of the social domain of the Preschool Developmental Assessment Scale (PDAS), which would be used for assessment of preschool children with different developmental disabilities. The original version of the social domain consisted of 30 items. Children were asked questions about their social development such as their relationship with others, understanding of social norms and rules, empathy and perspective taking. The test was administered to 324 children, including 240 children from preschools and 84 children with developmental disabilities. Rasch analysis was conducted, and all except one item were within the acceptable range of infit statistics. The revised 29-item version could well differentiate between children with typical development and children with developmental disabilities. It could also differentiate between children from different age groups. The revised version was estimated to take around 15 min to administer. The social domain of the PDAS was found to be a direct, quick yet reliable assessment tool for assessing the social development of preschool children. PMID:21856115

Leung, Cynthia; Cheung, Jasmine; Lau, Vanessa; Lam, Catherine

2011-01-01

117

Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support in Iran  

PubMed Central

Background: Social support is a complex and multifaceted construct. Thus, It is important that a given social support scale be theoretically grounded and its purview clearly defined. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability, validity and factor structure of the Iranian version of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS). Methods: The sample study included 176 consecutive myocardial infarction (MI) patients admitted to the coronary care unit (CCU) ward of nine hospitals in Isfahan, Iran, and 71 consecutive subjects from the general population. They all filled out the final Iranian version of the MSPSS and also 71 participants filled out the MSPSS twice over a 2-month period. Factor analysis, Cronbach's ? coefficient and Pearson's correlation coefficient correlation were used to analyze data. Results: Factor analysis of the scores of the patient and healthy samples yielded a three-factor structure, including family, friends and significant others. The percentage of variance explained by the three factors in the patient sample and healthy sample were 77.87% and 78.55%, respectively. Cronbach's ? coefficient has been found to be 0.84 for the scale and 0.90, 0.93 and 0.85, respectively, for the friends, significant others and family subscales from the patient sample, and 0.92 for the scale and 0.89, 0.92 and 0.87, respectively, for the friends, significant others and family subscales from the healthy sample. Test–retest stability over a 2-month period yielded 0.84 for the scale and 0.73, 0.78 and 0.84, respectively, for the friends, significant others and family subscales from the healthy sample. Conclusions: The findings proved the three-factor structure of the Iranian version of the MSPSS and indicated that the Iranian version of the MSPSS is a reliable, valid and acceptable measure of perceived social support.

Bagherian-Sararoudi, Reza; Hajian, Ahmadreza; Ehsan, Hadi Bahrami; Sarafraz, Mehdi Reza; Zimet, Gregory D.

2013-01-01

118

Amortization of Provisioned Material.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents the evolution of developing 'Amortization Tables for Provisioned Items' at the U. S. Navy Ships Parts Control Center (SPCC). The tables are used to justify funding requirements for the provisioning process.

W. M. Stout E. J. Zeisloft

1967-01-01

119

Reliability and Validity of the Chinese Version of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A) in a sample of 296 adolescents (49% boys) in Grades 7, 8, 9, 10, and 12 with a mean age of 15.52 years. Confirmatory factor analysis replicated the three-factor structure of the SAS-A in the Chinese sample: Fear of Negative…

Zhou, Xinyue; Xu, Qian; Ingles, Candido J.; Hidalgo, Maria D.; La Greca, Annette M.

2008-01-01

120

Psychometric properties of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale and separation criterion between Spanish youths with and without subtypes of social anxiety.  

PubMed

In this study, we analyzed the reliability and validity of the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and propose a separation criterion between youths with specific and generalized social anxiety and youths without social anxiety. A sample of 1012 Spanish youths attending school completed the SIAS, the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale, the Social Avoidance and Distress Scale, the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale, the Youth Self-Report for Ages 11-18 and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent. The factor analysis suggests the existence of three factors in the SIAS, the first two of which explain most of the variance of the construct assessed. Internal consistency is adequate in the first two factors. The SIAS features an adequate theoretical validity with the scores of different variables related to social interaction. Analysis of the criterion scores yields three groups pertaining to three clearly differentiated clusters. In the third cluster, two of social anxiety groups - specific and generalized - have been identified by means of a quantitative separation criterion. PMID:17084589

Zubeidat, Ihab; Salinas, José María; Sierra, Juan Carlos; Fernández-Parra, Antonio

2007-01-01

121

A Caregiver-Child Social/Emotional and Relationship Rating Scale (CCSERRS)1  

PubMed Central

This paper reports the construction and pilot reliability, validity, and psychometric properties of a new caregiver-child rating scale that emphasizes caregiver-child social-emotional interactions and relationships. While the scale was developed and studied in the context of orphanages for young children, it potentially could be used in non-residential early care and education settings as well as for parent-child interactions in the home. The intent was to assess a few dimensions that comprehensively cover the range of caregiver-child social-emotional interactions and relationships but could be administered in a relatively short period of time in a variety of situations and would not require extensive coder training, manuals, or materials. Results showed that the scale can be reliably administered even using observation periods as short as five minutes, reliability was replicated over seven different coders working in three different orphanages, and ratings of caregivers were similar across different types of caregiving activities (i.e., feeding, dressing/bathing, free play) and for caregivers attending to children birth to 4 and 4 to 8 yrs. of age. In the orphanage context, factor analyses showed the scale primarily reflects caregiver-child mutual engagement and relationship with subordinate components of caregiver punitiveness and caregiver- vs. child-directed behaviors and intrusiveness.

McCall, Robert B.; Groark, Christina J.; Fish, Larry

2010-01-01

122

Development and validation of measures of social phobia scrutiny fear and social interaction anxiety 1 1 Editor’s note: This article was written before the development of some contemporary measures of social phobia, such as the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory (Turner et al., 1989). We have invited this article for publication because of the growing interest in the scales described therein. S.T  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development and validation of the Social Phobia Scale (SPS) and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) two companion measures for assessing social phobia fears is described. The SPS assesses fears of being scrutinised during routine activities (eating, drinking, writing, etc.), while the SIAS assesses fears of more general social interaction, the scales corresponding to the DSM-III-R descriptions of Social

Richard P. Mattick; J. Christopher Clarke

1998-01-01

123

The British Sign Language Versions of the Patient Health Questionnaire, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item Scale, and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study is aimed to translate 3 widely used clinical assessment measures into British Sign Language (BSL), to pilot the BSL versions, and to establish their validity and reliability. These were the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale, and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS).…

Rogers, Katherine D.; Young, Alys; Lovell, Karina; Campbell, Malcolm; Scott, Paul R.; Kendal, Sarah

2013-01-01

124

Psychometric Properties of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale in a Longitudinal Study of Latinos with Anxiety Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) is one of the most commonly used measures of social anxiety symptoms. To date, no study has examined its psychometric properties in a Latino sample. The authors examined the reliability, temporal stability, and convergent validity of the LSAS in 73 Latinos diagnosed with an anxiety disorder. The original…

Beard, Courtney; Rodriguez, Benjamin F.; Weisberg, Risa B.; Perry, Ashley; Keller, Martin B.

2012-01-01

125

Brief Report: The Social Responsiveness Scale for Adults (SRS-A)-- Initial Results in a German Cohort  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) is a tool for quantitative autism assessment in children and adolescents. The SRS-A addresses social responsiveness in adulthood. Reliability and validity using the German adaptation of the SRS-A was examined in 20 adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), 62 with other mental disorders (CLIN) and 163…

Bolte, Sven

2012-01-01

126

Cross-border Small-scale Trading in South-Eastern Europe: Do Embeddedness and Social Capital Explain Enough?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article analyses cross-border small-scale trading (CBST) from the perspective of New Institutional Economics. It offers an alternative analytical starting point to this topic, which is mainly tackled by sociologists and anthropologists. It is argued that concepts like social capital or social embeddedness can be of certain analytical use but that they hardly suffice to explain human behaviour in a

HENRIK EGBERT

2006-01-01

127

Self-Report Multicultural Counseling Competence Scales: Their Relation to Social Desirability Attitudes and Multicultural Case Conceptualization Ability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between 4 self-report multicultural counseling competence measures and a general index of social desirability. The authors also investigated the association between these 4 multicultural scales and multicultural case conceptualization ability. Results revealed significant positive relationships between 3 of the 4 multicultural counseling competence inventories and a measure of social desirability attitudes. Additionally, after controlling for

Madonna G. Constantine; Nicholas Ladany

2000-01-01

128

Rasch Calibration of Physical Activity Self-Efficacy and Social Support Scale for Persons with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the construct validity of the Self-Efficacy/Social Support for Activity for persons with Intellectual Disability (SE/SS-AID) scales developed by Peterson, Peterson, Lowe, & Nothwehr (2009). A total of 146 participants with intellectual disabilities completed 6 self-efficacy (SE) items and 18 social

Lee, Miyoung; Peterson, Jana J.; Dixon, Alicia

2010-01-01

129

Investigating the measurement properties of the social responsiveness scale in preschool children with autism spectrum disorders.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine the measurement properties of the Social Responsiveness Scale in an accelerated longitudinal sample of 4-year-old preschool children with the complementary approaches of categorical confirmatory factor analysis and Rasch analysis. Measurement models based on the literature and other hypothesized measurement models which were tested using categorical confirmatory factor analysis did not fit well and were not unidimensional. Rasch analyses showed that a 30-item subset met criteria of unidimensionality and invariance across item, person, and over time; and this subset exhibited convergent validity with other child outcomes. This subset was shown to have enhanced psychometric properties and could be used in measuring social responsiveness among preschool age children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. PMID:22915306

Duku, Eric; Vaillancourt, Tracy; Szatmari, Peter; Georgiades, Stelios; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Smith, Isabel M; Bryson, Susan; Fombonne, Eric; Mirenda, Pat; Roberts, Wendy; Volden, Joanne; Waddell, Charlotte; Thompson, Ann; Bennett, Teresa

2013-04-01

130

Computing global structural balance in large-scale signed social networks.  

PubMed

Structural balance theory affirms that signed social networks (i.e., graphs whose signed edges represent friendly/hostile interactions among individuals) tend to be organized so as to avoid conflictual situations, corresponding to cycles of negative parity. Using an algorithm for ground-state calculation in large-scale Ising spin glasses, in this paper we compute the global level of balance of very large online social networks and verify that currently available networks are indeed extremely balanced. This property is explainable in terms of the high degree of skewness of the sign distributions on the nodes of the graph. In particular, individuals linked by a large majority of negative edges create mostly "apparent disorder," rather than true "frustration." PMID:22167802

Facchetti, Giuseppe; Iacono, Giovanni; Altafini, Claudio

2011-12-27

131

Computing global structural balance in large-scale signed social networks  

PubMed Central

Structural balance theory affirms that signed social networks (i.e., graphs whose signed edges represent friendly/hostile interactions among individuals) tend to be organized so as to avoid conflictual situations, corresponding to cycles of negative parity. Using an algorithm for ground-state calculation in large-scale Ising spin glasses, in this paper we compute the global level of balance of very large online social networks and verify that currently available networks are indeed extremely balanced. This property is explainable in terms of the high degree of skewness of the sign distributions on the nodes of the graph. In particular, individuals linked by a large majority of negative edges create mostly “apparent disorder,” rather than true “frustration.”

Facchetti, Giuseppe; Iacono, Giovanni; Altafini, Claudio

2011-01-01

132

Perceived Parental Social Support and Academic Achievement: An Attachment Theory Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study tested the extent to which parental social support predicted college grade point average among undergraduate students. A sample of 418 undergraduates completed the Social Provisions Scale–Parent Form (C. E. Cutrona, 1989) and measures of family conflict and achievement orientation. American College Testing Assessment Program college entrance exam scores (ACT; American College Testing Program, 1986) and grade point average

Carolyn E. Cutrona; Valerie Cole; Nicholas Colangelo; Susan G. Assouline; Daniel W. Russell

1994-01-01

133

Social Functioning in Chinese College Students with and without Schizotypal Personality Traits: An Exploratory Study of the Chinese Version of the First Episode Social Functioning Scale  

PubMed Central

Objectives The First Episode Social Functioning Scale (FESFS) was designed to measure social functioning of young individuals with schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to validate a Chinese version of the FESFS in a sample of young Chinese adults. Method The FESFS was translated to Chinese prior to being administered to 1576 college students. The factor structure, reliability, and validity of the scale were examined. Results Two items were deleted after item analysis and the internal consistency of the whole scale was .89. A six-factor structure was derived by exploratory factor analysis. The factors were interpersonal, family and friends, school, living skills, intimacy, and balance. Estimates of the structural equation model supported this structure, with Goodness of Fit Chi-Square ?2?=?1097.53 (p<0.0001), the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA)?=?0.058, and the comparative fit index (CFI)?=?0.93. Scale validity was supported by significant correlations between social functioning factors scores and schizophrenia personality questionnaire (SPQ) scores. Individuals with schizotypal personality features presented poorer social functioning than those without schizotypal personality features. Conclusions The Chinese revised version of the FESFS was found to have good psychometric properties and could be used in the future to examine social functioning in Chinese college students.

Wang, Yi; Yeh, Ya-hsuan; Tsang, Sin-man; Liu, Wen-hua; Shi, Hai-song; Li, Zhi; Shi, Yan-fang; Wang, Ya; Wang, Yu-na; Lui, Simon S. Y.; Neumann, David L.; Shum, David H. K.; Chan, Raymond C. K.

2013-01-01

134

Relationship classification in large scale online social networks and its impact on information propagation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we study two tightly coupled topics in online social networks (OSN): relationship classification and information propagation. The links in a social network often reflect social relationships among users. In this work, we first investigate identifying the relationships among social network users based on certain social network property and limited pre- known information. Social networks have been widely

Shaojie Tang; Jing Yuan; Xufei Mao; Xiang-Yang Li; Wei Chen; Guojun Dai

2011-01-01

135

Exploring the low-energy landscape of large-scale signed social networks.  

PubMed

Analogously to a spin glass, a large-scale signed social network is characterized by the presence of disorder, expressed in this context (and in the social network literature) by the concept of structural balance. If, as we have recently shown, the signed social networks currently available have a limited amount of true disorder (or frustration), it is also interesting to investigate how this frustration is organized, by exploring the landscape of near-optimal structural balance. What we obtain in this paper is that while one of the networks analyzed shows a unique valley of minima, and a funneled landscape that gradually and smoothly worsens as we move away from the optimum, another network shows instead several distinct valleys of optimal or near-optimal structural balance, separated by energy barriers determined by internally balanced subcommunities of users, a phenomenon similar to the replica-symmetry breaking of spin glasses. Multiple, essentially isoenergetic, arrangements of these communities are possible. Passing from one valley to another requires one to destroy the internal arrangement of these balanced subcommunities and then to reform it again. It is essentially this process of breaking the internal balance of the subcommunities which gives rise to the energy barriers. PMID:23030989

Facchetti, G; Iacono, G; Altafini, C

2012-09-01

136

Exploring the low-energy landscape of large-scale signed social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Analogously to a spin glass, a large-scale signed social network is characterized by the presence of disorder, expressed in this context (and in the social network literature) by the concept of structural balance. If, as we have recently shown, the signed social networks currently available have a limited amount of true disorder (or frustration), it is also interesting to investigate how this frustration is organized, by exploring the landscape of near-optimal structural balance. What we obtain in this paper is that while one of the networks analyzed shows a unique valley of minima, and a funneled landscape that gradually and smoothly worsens as we move away from the optimum, another network shows instead several distinct valleys of optimal or near-optimal structural balance, separated by energy barriers determined by internally balanced subcommunities of users, a phenomenon similar to the replica-symmetry breaking of spin glasses. Multiple, essentially isoenergetic, arrangements of these communities are possible. Passing from one valley to another requires one to destroy the internal arrangement of these balanced subcommunities and then to reform it again. It is essentially this process of breaking the internal balance of the subcommunities which gives rise to the energy barriers.

Facchetti, G.; Iacono, G.; Altafini, C.

2012-09-01

137

Girls and Gender in Alternative Education Provision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

UK Government policy states that all young people aged 14-19 are entitled to a broad and balanced curriculum, with access to "personalised" education and training pathways. With boys currently leading the statistics on exclusion, girls' educational and social needs are often sidelined in alternative education provision, as the majority of…

Russell, Lisa; Thomson, Pat

2011-01-01

138

Girls and gender in alternative education provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

UK Government policy states that all young people aged 14–19 are entitled to a broad and balanced curriculum, with access to ‘personalised’ education and training pathways. With boys currently leading the statistics on exclusion, girls’ educational and social needs are often sidelined in alternative education provision, as the majority of education and training programmes are populated by and designed for

Lisa Russell; Pat Thomson

2011-01-01

139

A brief method for assessing social development: Structure, reliability, stability, and developmental validity of the Interpersonal Competence Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Interpersonal Competence Scale (ICS-T) is a set of brief rating scales for teachers and parents. It consists of 18 items that assess social and behavioral characteristics of children and youths. The ICS-T yields three primary factors: AGG (argues, trouble at school, fights), POP (popular with boys, popular with girls, lots of friends), and ACA (spelling, math). Subsidiary factors include

Robert B. Cairns; Man-Chi Leung; Scott D. Gest; Beverley D. Cairns

1995-01-01

140

Across Space and Time: Social Responses to Large-Scale Biophysical Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The conceptual rubric of ecosystem management has been widely discussed and deliberated in conservation biology, environmental policy, and land/resource management. In this paper, I argue that two critical aspects of the ecosystem management concept require greater attention in policy and practice. First, although emphasis has been placed on the “space” of systems, the “time”—or rates of change—associated with biophysical and social systems has received much less consideration. Second, discussions of ecosystem management have often neglected the temporal disconnects between changes in biophysical systems and the response of social systems to management issues and challenges. The empirical basis of these points is a case study of the “Crown of the Continent Ecosystem,” an international transboundary area of the Rocky Mountains that surrounds Glacier National Park (USA) and Waterton Lakes National Park (Canada). This project assessed the experiences and perspectives of 1) middle- and upper-level government managers responsible for interjurisdictional cooperation, and 2) environmental nongovernment organizations with an international focus. I identify and describe 10 key challenges to increasing the extent and intensity of transboundary cooperation in land/resource management policy and practice. These issues are discussed in terms of their political, institutional, cultural, information-based, and perceptual elements. Analytic techniques include a combination of environmental history, semistructured interviews with 48 actors, and text analysis in a systematic qualitative framework. The central conclusion of this work is that the rates of response of human social systems must be better integrated with the rates of ecological change. This challenge is equal to or greater than the well-recognized need to adapt the spatial scale of human institutions to large-scale ecosystem processes and transboundary wildlife.

Macmynowski, Dena P.

2007-06-01

141

Across space and time: social responses to large-scale biophysical systems.  

PubMed

The conceptual rubric of ecosystem management has been widely discussed and deliberated in conservation biology, environmental policy, and land/resource management. In this paper, I argue that two critical aspects of the ecosystem management concept require greater attention in policy and practice. First, although emphasis has been placed on the "space" of systems, the "time" -- or rates of change -- associated with biophysical and social systems has received much less consideration. Second, discussions of ecosystem management have often neglected the temporal disconnects between changes in biophysical systems and the response of social systems to management issues and challenges. The empirical basis of these points is a case study of the "Crown of the Continent Ecosystem," an international transboundary area of the Rocky Mountains that surrounds Glacier National Park (USA) and Waterton Lakes National Park (Canada). This project assessed the experiences and perspectives of 1) middle- and upper-level government managers responsible for interjurisdictional cooperation, and 2) environmental nongovernment organizations with an international focus. I identify and describe 10 key challenges to increasing the extent and intensity of transboundary cooperation in land/resource management policy and practice. These issues are discussed in terms of their political, institutional, cultural, information-based, and perceptual elements. Analytic techniques include a combination of environmental history, semistructured interviews with 48 actors, and text analysis in a systematic qualitative framework. The central conclusion of this work is that the rates of response of human social systems must be better integrated with the rates of ecological change. This challenge is equal to or greater than the well-recognized need to adapt the spatial scale of human institutions to large-scale ecosystem processes and transboundary wildlife. PMID:17415612

MacMynowski, Dena P

2007-06-01

142

Development and social capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines social capital and its relation with economic development. We focus on the role that interpersonal relationships play in social exchange, whether through the market or through the provision of public goods. By facilitating search and trust, social capital can increase the efficiency of social exchange where formal institutions are weak. But the benefits from social capital are

Marcel Fafchamps

2006-01-01

143

Coping and Social Support as Mediators of the Relation of Optimism to Depressive Symptoms Among Black College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation examines mechanisms through which optimism may influence psychological adjustment among 133 Black college students. Specifically, this study evaluates the extent to which active and avoidant coping and social support account for the association between optimism and depressive symptoms. Participants completed questionnaires that included the Life Orientation Test-Revised, the COPE, the Social Provisions Scale, and the 12-item Center for

Catherine E. Mosher; Hazel M. Prelow; William W. Chen; Molly E. Yackel

2006-01-01

144

Active and Social Data Curation: Reinventing the Business of Community-scale Lifecycle Data Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Effective long-term curation and preservation of data for community use has historically been limited to high-value and homogeneous collections produced by mission-oriented organizations. The technologies and practices that have been applied in these cases, e.g. relational data bases, development of comprehensive standardized vocabularies, and centralized support for reference data collections, are arguably applicable to the much broader range of data generated by the long tail of investigator-led research, with the logical conclusion of such an argument leading to the call for training, evangelism, and vastly increased funding as the best means of broadening community-scale data management. In this paper, we question this reasoning and explore how alternative approaches focused on the overall data lifecycle and the sociological and business realities of distributed multi-disciplinary research communities might dramatically lower costs, increase value, and consequently drive dramatic advances in our ability to use and re-use data, and ultimately enable more rapid scientific advance. Specifically, we introduce the concepts of active and social curation as a means to decrease coordination costs, align costs and values for individual data producers and data consumers, and improve the immediacy of returns for data curation investments. Further, we describe the specific architecture and services for active and social curation that are being prototyped within the Sustainable Environment - Actionable Data (SEAD) project within NSF's DataNet network and discuss how they are motivated by the long-tail dynamics in the cross-disciplinary sustainability research community.

McDonald, R. H.; Kumar, P.; Plale, B. A.; Myers, J.; Hedstrom, M. L.

2012-12-01

145

Experimental evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks.  

PubMed

Emotional states can be transferred to others via emotional contagion, leading people to experience the same emotions without their awareness. Emotional contagion is well established in laboratory experiments, with people transferring positive and negative emotions to others. Data from a large real-world social network, collected over a 20-y period suggests that longer-lasting moods (e.g., depression, happiness) can be transferred through networks [Fowler JH, Christakis NA (2008) BMJ 337:a2338], although the results are controversial. In an experiment with people who use Facebook, we test whether emotional contagion occurs outside of in-person interaction between individuals by reducing the amount of emotional content in the News Feed. When positive expressions were reduced, people produced fewer positive posts and more negative posts; when negative expressions were reduced, the opposite pattern occurred. These results indicate that emotions expressed by others on Facebook influence our own emotions, constituting experimental evidence for massive-scale contagion via social networks. This work also suggests that, in contrast to prevailing assumptions, in-person interaction and nonverbal cues are not strictly necessary for emotional contagion, and that the observation of others' positive experiences constitutes a positive experience for people. PMID:24889601

Kramer, Adam D I; Guillory, Jamie E; Hancock, Jeffrey T

2014-06-17

146

Experimental evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks  

PubMed Central

Emotional states can be transferred to others via emotional contagion, leading people to experience the same emotions without their awareness. Emotional contagion is well established in laboratory experiments, with people transferring positive and negative emotions to others. Data from a large real-world social network, collected over a 20-y period suggests that longer-lasting moods (e.g., depression, happiness) can be transferred through networks [Fowler JH, Christakis NA (2008) BMJ 337:a2338], although the results are controversial. In an experiment with people who use Facebook, we test whether emotional contagion occurs outside of in-person interaction between individuals by reducing the amount of emotional content in the News Feed. When positive expressions were reduced, people produced fewer positive posts and more negative posts; when negative expressions were reduced, the opposite pattern occurred. These results indicate that emotions expressed by others on Facebook influence our own emotions, constituting experimental evidence for massive-scale contagion via social networks. This work also suggests that, in contrast to prevailing assumptions, in-person interaction and nonverbal cues are not strictly necessary for emotional contagion, and that the observation of others’ positive experiences constitutes a positive experience for people.

Kramer, Adam D. I.; Guillory, Jamie E.; Hancock, Jeffrey T.

2014-01-01

147

Psychometric evaluation of social phobia and anxiety inventory for children (SPAI-C) and social anxiety scale for children-revised (SASC-R)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study evaluated the psychometric properties of Finnish versions of the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory for Children\\u000a (SPAI-C) and the Social Anxiety Scale for Children-Revised (SASC-R). 352 students (M = 12.2 years) participated in the study\\u000a and completed the SPAI-C and SASC-R. In addition, 68 participants (M = 12.2 years) and their parents were interviewed with\\u000a the Schedule for

Kuusikko Sanna; Pollock-Wurman Rachel; Ebeling Hanna; Hurtig Tuula; Joskitt Leena; Mattila Marja-Leena; Jussila Katja; Moilanen Irma

2009-01-01

148

A Semantics-based Approach to Large-Scale Mobile Social Networking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile ad hoc social networks are self-configuring social networks that connect users using mobile devices, such as laptops,\\u000a PDAs, and cellular phones. These social networks facilitate users to form virtual communities of similar interests or commonalities.\\u000a This paper proposes semantics-based mobile social network (SMSN), a novel framework of a fully functional mobile ad hoc social\\u000a network that incorporates semantics of

Juan Li; Hui Wang; Samee Ullah Khan

149

THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL IMAGES OF SUBSTANCE USERS IN CHILDREN: A GUTTMAN UNIDIMENSIONAL SCALING APPROACH  

PubMed Central

Aims The purpose of this paper was to examine the development of social images or prototypes of cigarette, alcohol and marijuana users among children in the 1st through 8th grade using a Guttman unidimensional scaling approach. Participants Participants were 1075 1st through 5th grade children who completed annual assessments for four years. Findings The properties of a Guttman scale consisting of three sequential prototypes, (a) popular, (b) popular and exciting, and (c) popular, exciting and cool, were within acceptable limits for all three substances for 2nd through 8th graders, suggesting that these prototypes were scaleable and represented a single dimension. Prototypes became more positive after the 5th grade and varied by gender. Prototypes, moderated by age and gender, were related to intention to use substances in the future. Discussion Findings suggest that children’s prototypes of substance users are unidimensional and cumulative for all three substances and that they develop sequentially. The relation of prototypes to intention among children in the 2nd through the 8th grade support the Theory of Planned Behavior and the Prototype/Willingness model, but suggest incorporating age and gender. Conclusions Children as young as 2nd grade can reliably make valid judgments about attributes of kids who use substances. Results of this study have both theoretical and practical implications.

Andrews, Judy A.; Peterson, Missy

2008-01-01

150

An investigation of the psychometric properties of the Social Thoughts and Beliefs Scale (STABS) and structure of cognitive symptoms in participants with social anxiety disorder and healthy controls.  

PubMed

Despite the recent increase of measures developed to assess the cognitive symptoms of social anxiety disorder (SOC), their validation is still largely preliminary. Thus, the present studies sought to replicate and extend the psychometric evaluation of the Social Thoughts and Beliefs Scale (STABS). Study 1 involved both participants with SOC (n=206) and healthy controls (n=222) that completed the STABS and other related measures of anxiety. In Study 2, participants with SOC (n=66) completed exposure-based psychotherapy for SOC with the STABS used to track symptom changes. Together, the two studies provided additional support for the validity and reliability of the STABS as a measure of the cognitive symptoms of SOC. However, contrary to previous research with two subscales, a single total scale was suggested as the best interpretation of the STABS, as well as the possible general presentation of the cognitive symptoms of SOC. PMID:24607834

Gros, Daniel F; Sarver, Nina Wong

2014-04-01

151

Large-scale multi-agency strategic beach monitoring of the South-East Coast of England - provision of data and analytical tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beach monitoring projects within the UK have often been confined to short stretches of coastline, usually established in conjunction with individual beach recharge schemes; they often omit to investigate entire coastal process behavioural systems, and the impacts of engineering works on a wider spatial scale. Effective planning and implementation of shoreline management requires high quality, long-term, time-series data sets, at

Andrew Bradbury; Travis Mason; Peter Barter

152

Promoting Leisure Physical Activity Participation among Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: Validation of Self-Efficacy and Social Support Scales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Many individuals with intellectual disabilities are not sufficiently active for availing health benefits. Little is known about correlates of physical activity among this population on which to build health promotion interventions. Materials and Methods: We developed scales for measurement of self-efficacy and social support for…

Peterson, Jana J.; Peterson, N. Andrew; Lowe, John B.; Nothwehr, Faryle K.

2009-01-01

153

Development and Measurement through Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Young Adult Social Behavior Scale (YASB): An Assessment of Relational Aggression in Adolescence and Young Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Young Adult Social Behavior Scale was developed for the purpose of measuring self-reported relational and social aggression and behaviors of interpersonal maturity in adolescents and young adults (the sample included 629 university students; 66% female; 91.6% White). Despite previous research suggesting that relational and social aggression…

Crothers, Laura M.; Schreiber, James B.; Field, Julaine E.; Kolbert, Jered B.

2009-01-01

154

Validation of the multi-dimensional scale of perceived social support (MSPSS) and the relationship between social support, intimate partner violence and antenatal depression in Malawi  

PubMed Central

Background Lack of social support is an important risk factor for antenatal depression and anxiety in low- and middle-income countries. We translated, adapted and validated the Multi-dimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) in order to study the relationship between perceived social support, intimate partner violence and antenatal depression in Malawi. Methods The MSPSS was translated and adapted into Chichewa and Chiyao. Five hundred and eighty-three women attending an antenatal clinic were administered the MSPSS, depression screening measures, and a risk factor questionnaire including questions about intimate partner violence. A sub-sample of participants (n?=?196) were interviewed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV to diagnose major depressive episode. Validity of the MSPSS was evaluated by assessment of internal consistency, factor structure, and correlation with Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ) score and major depressive episode. We investigated associations between perception of support from different sources (significant other, family, and friends) and major depressive episode, and whether intimate partner violence was a moderator of these associations. Results In both Chichewa and Chiyao, the MSPSS had high internal consistency for the full scale and significant other, family, and friends subscales. MSPSS full scale and subscale scores were inversely associated with SRQ score and major depression diagnosis. Using principal components analysis, the MSPSS had the expected 3-factor structure in analysis of the whole sample. On confirmatory factor analysis, goodness–of-fit indices were better for a 3-factor model than for a 2-factor model, and met standard criteria when correlation between items was allowed. Lack of support from a significant other was the only MSPSS subscale that showed a significant association with depression on multivariate analysis, and this association was moderated by experience of intimate partner violence. Conclusions The MSPSS is a valid measure of perceived social support in Malawi. Lack of support by a significant other is associated with depression in pregnant women who have experienced intimate partner violence in this setting.

2014-01-01

155

A social and ecological assessment of tropical land uses at multiple scales: the Sustainable Amazon Network  

PubMed Central

Science has a critical role to play in guiding more sustainable development trajectories. Here, we present the Sustainable Amazon Network (Rede Amazônia Sustentável, RAS): a multidisciplinary research initiative involving more than 30 partner organizations working to assess both social and ecological dimensions of land-use sustainability in eastern Brazilian Amazonia. The research approach adopted by RAS offers three advantages for addressing land-use sustainability problems: (i) the collection of synchronized and co-located ecological and socioeconomic data across broad gradients of past and present human use; (ii) a nested sampling design to aid comparison of ecological and socioeconomic conditions associated with different land uses across local, landscape and regional scales; and (iii) a strong engagement with a wide variety of actors and non-research institutions. Here, we elaborate on these key features, and identify the ways in which RAS can help in highlighting those problems in most urgent need of attention, and in guiding improvements in land-use sustainability in Amazonia and elsewhere in the tropics. We also discuss some of the practical lessons, limitations and realities faced during the development of the RAS initiative so far.

Gardner, Toby A.; Ferreira, Joice; Barlow, Jos; Lees, Alexander C.; Parry, Luke; Vieira, Ima Celia Guimaraes; Berenguer, Erika; Abramovay, Ricardo; Aleixo, Alexandre; Andretti, Christian; Aragao, Luiz E. O. C.; Araujo, Ivanei; de Avila, Williams Souza; Bardgett, Richard D.; Batistella, Mateus; Begotti, Rodrigo Anzolin; Beldini, Troy; de Blas, Driss Ezzine; Braga, Rodrigo Fagundes; Braga, Danielle de Lima; de Brito, Janaina Gomes; de Camargo, Plinio Barbosa; Campos dos Santos, Fabiane; de Oliveira, Vivian Campos; Cordeiro, Amanda Cardoso Nunes; Cardoso, Thiago Moreira; de Carvalho, Deborah Reis; Castelani, Sergio Andre; Chaul, Julio Cezar Mario; Cerri, Carlos Eduardo; Costa, Francisco de Assis; da Costa, Carla Daniele Furtado; Coudel, Emilie; Coutinho, Alexandre Camargo; Cunha, Denis; D'Antona, Alvaro; Dezincourt, Joelma; Dias-Silva, Karina; Durigan, Mariana; Esquerdo, Julio Cesar Dalla Mora; Feres, Jose; Ferraz, Silvio Frosini de Barros; Ferreira, Amanda Estefania de Melo; Fiorini, Ana Carolina; da Silva, Lenise Vargas Flores; Frazao, Fabio Soares; Garrett, Rachel; Gomes, Alessandra dos Santos; Goncalves, Karoline da Silva; Guerrero, Jose Benito; Hamada, Neusa; Hughes, Robert M.; Igliori, Danilo Carmago; Jesus, Ederson da Conceicao; Juen, Leandro; Junior, Miercio; Junior, Jose Max Barbosa de Oliveira; Junior, Raimundo Cosme de Oliveira; Junior, Carlos Souza; Kaufmann, Phil; Korasaki, Vanesca; Leal, Cecilia Gontijo; Leitao, Rafael; Lima, Natalia; Almeida, Maria de Fatima Lopes; Lourival, Reinaldo; Louzada, Julio; Nally, Ralph Mac; Marchand, Sebastien; Maues, Marcia Motta; Moreira, Fatima M. S.; Morsello, Carla; Moura, Nargila; Nessimian, Jorge; Nunes, Samia; Oliveira, Victor Hugo Fonseca; Pardini, Renata; Pereira, Heloisa Correia; Pompeu, Paulo Santos; Ribas, Carla Rodrigues; Rossetti, Felipe; Schmidt, Fernando Augusto; da Silva, Rodrigo; da Silva, Regina Celia Viana Martins; da Silva, Thiago Fonseca Morello Ramalho; Silveira, Juliana; Siqueira, Joao Victor; de Carvalho, Teotonio Soares; Solar, Ricardo R. C.; Tancredi, Nicola Saverio Holanda; Thomson, James R.; Torres, Patricia Carignano; Vaz-de-Mello, Fernando Zagury; Veiga, Ruan Carlo Stulpen; Venturieri, Adriano; Viana, Cecilia; Weinhold, Diana; Zanetti, Ronald; Zuanon, Jansen

2013-01-01

156

Superimposing various biophysical and social scales in a rapidly changing rural area (SW Niger)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In SW Niger, close to Niamey, a detailed hydrological survey has been developed for the last 20 years (international experiments HAPEX-SAHEL and later AMMA), investigating the distribution of water in atmosphere, surface, soil and aquifers. It covers an area of about 10 000 km2, with a series of imbricated scales of instrumentation, in time and space. This dense long term field observation led to many major scientific results. Among them, one of the most original and paradoxical is the continuous rise of the water table, even during the severe droughts of the 1970s and 1980s (about 3 m in the last 30 years). In spite of a large apparent homogeneity of the biophysical environment throughout the region, numerous heterogeneities exist at different scales, complicating the hydrological analysis. On the surface, the hydrological system was, ~6000 years ago, a structured drainage network leading to the Niger River. It was later broken into much smaller elements by aeolian dunes deposited during arid episodes and the study area now appears as a juxtaposition of hundreds of small endorheic catchments (most often 1 to 20 km2) where the surface runoff finally ends in temporary ponds. During most violent rainy events, erosion can be locally very severe and modify durably the size of the catchment and the local hydrology. Conversely, during smaller rainy events, surface runoff may never reach the ponds because it infiltrates in more permeable zones at mid-slope. The actual surface area of the catchment contributing to the surface runoff thus varies considerably with time. Because of their great number, only a few catchments are instrumented and extrapolation of measurements to ungauged catchments is an additional difficulty. Most of water temporarily stored in ponds infiltrates and recharges groundwater. The Continental Terminal (CT) aquifer system is made of three independent layers, of which the upper one (CT3) is only considered here. The CT aquifer systems is a transboundary aquifer that extends far beyond the study area, over about 150 000 km2. It is also heterogeneous. Like surface flows, but at a different scale, groundwater flows are marked by a strong endorheism. For example the Dantiandou closed piezometric depression extends over about approximately 5000 km2. These natural closed depressions are explained only by evapotranspiration uptake, weak in absolute terms (a few mm.a-1) but with a very high impact on hydrodynamics because of poor permeability and porosity. Both density of observations and hydraulic continuity of the CT3 aquifer give a fine idea of groundwater changes in the whole area. Human activities, continuously adapting in this poor rural area, add another complexity to the hydrological diversity in surface and ground water. The replacement of the natural vegetation with millet fields and fallow increased the surface runoff, and consequently water accumulation in temporary pools and then CT3 recharge. In the SE part of the study area, the water table has risen up to outcropping in the lowest valley bottoms. These new permanent ponds reflect groundwater while temporary ponds still reflect surface dynamics. This new component of the hydrological landscape induces several consequences, in physical and human dimensions. Evaporation strongly affects the permanent water and increases its salinity while the natural mineralization of groundwater is very low. The easier access to water resources allows a significant development of local gardening, which modifies the social functioning of villages (e.g. land rights between villages and within a village, diversification of crops and sources of income, new sales channels). Different physically based models (for surface and ground water) were built, with a significant discrepancy between their respective quantification of water flows at the region scale. Extrapolation of surface fluxes from the few instrumented catchments to a much larger mosaic of non-instrumented catchments is only partially compatible with the geochemical and hydrodynamic calculations for the CT3 aquife

Leduc, Christian; Massuel, Sylvain; Favreau, Guillaume; Cappelaere, Bernard; Leblanc, Marc; Bachir, Salifou; Ousmane, Boureïma

2014-05-01

157

Marina Dockage Agreements: Sample Provisions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document was produced by compiling and categorizing provisions from dockage agreements and the rules and regulations of fifteen marinas in Florida. Part I contains dockage agreement provisions. Many marinas incorporate separate rules and regulations b...

R. G. Hamann B. Malouf

1985-01-01

158

Provisioning an Aircraft Weapons System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research reviews the elements and stages of the provisioning cycle and describes the provisioning model used by the United States Navy Aviation Supply Office to select a repair parts inventory for an operational site supporting a new aircraft weapons ...

R. B. Renner

1975-01-01

159

Comparison of Ratings by Mothers and Teachers on Preschool Children Using the Vineland Social Maturity Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comparison of informants' ratings of 20 preschool children on the VSMS showed no significant correlations between either the social quotients or the rankings by mothers and daycare center teachers. Of significance was that the mothers consistently reported the social quotients of the children to be higher than did the teachers. (Author)

Kaplan, Harriett E.; Alatishe, Moses

1976-01-01

160

Dialysis provision in Malaysia.  

PubMed

We determined the provision for dialysis treatment in Malaysia. There were 181 dialysis centres as at 1st June 1999 (161 Haemodialysis (HD) and 20 Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD) centres), providing treatment for 5614 patients. This is equivalent to an estimated prevalence rate of 253 patients per million population (pmp) and new dialysis acceptance rate of 49 patients pmp. Dialysis facilities were widely distributed throughout the country though rather unevenly among states. Penang, Selangor/KL, Malacca led with number of dialysis patients pmp ranging from 417 to 480. Kelantan and Sabah had the lowest provision with 51 and 64 patients pmp respectively. There were more centres and HD capacity in the private sector while the Non-Government Organisation and public sectors had about the same capacity. However the public sector had more patients on account of availability of CAPD and home HD services, as well as low HD capacity to patient ratio. The number ofcentres, HD capacity and patients have increased rapidly especially since 1991; the estimated growth rates were 16.5 centres/year, 658 capacity/year, and 392 patients/year respectively. There was also a trend toward increasing over-capacity in the private and NGO sectors. In conclusion, the level of dialysis provision is increasing, indicating increasing accessibility of dialysis treatment in Malaysia. Over-capacity is a concern in the private and NGO sectors. Thus funding agencies should be encouraged to source provision from those sectors. The public sector still has the crucial role of providing for under-served areas in the country. PMID:19839147

Lim, T O; Lee, D G; Zaki, M

2000-06-01

161

42 CFR 403.251 - Loss ratio date and time frame provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Loss ratio date and time frame provisions. 403.251 Section...Provisions § 403.251 Loss ratio date and time frame provisions. (a) Initial calculation...organization calculates the policy's scale of premiums. (c) To...

2012-10-01

162

42 CFR 403.251 - Loss ratio date and time frame provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Loss ratio date and time frame provisions. 403.251 Section...Provisions § 403.251 Loss ratio date and time frame provisions. (a) Initial calculation...organization calculates the policy's scale of premiums. (c) To...

2010-10-01

163

42 CFR 403.251 - Loss ratio date and time frame provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Loss ratio date and time frame provisions. 403.251 Section...Provisions § 403.251 Loss ratio date and time frame provisions. (a) Initial calculation...organization calculates the policy's scale of premiums. (c) To...

2011-10-01

164

Reliability of the MacArthur scale of subjective social status - Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)  

PubMed Central

Background The MacArthur Scale of Subjective Social Status intend to measure the subjective social status using a numbered stepladder image. This study investigated the reliability of the MacArthur scale in a subsample of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). Method Three scales were employed using different references: 1) the overall socioeconomic position; 2) the socioeconomic situation of the participant’s closer community; 3) the workplace as a whole. A total of 245 of the ELSA participants from six states were involved. They were interviewed twice by the same person within an interval of seven to fourteen days. The reliability of the scale was assessed with weighted Kappa statistics and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), with their respective 95% confidence interval (CI). Results Kappa values were 0.62(0.58 to 0.64) for the society ladder; 0.58(0.56 to 0.61) for the community-related ladder; and 0.67(0.66 to 0.72) for the work-related ladder. The ICC ranged from 0.75 for the work ladder to 0.64 for the community ladder. These values differed slightly according to the participants’ age, sex and education category. Conclusion The three ladders showed good stability in the test-retest, except the community ladder that showed moderate stability. Because the social structure in Brazil is rapidly changing, future qualitative and longitudinal studies are needed to confirm and understand the construct underlying the MacArthur Scale in the country.

2012-01-01

165

Development and validation of a scale to assess social support in the postpartum period  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  The development, reliability, and validity of a new instrument designed to assess aspects of social support specifically relevant\\u000a to the postpartum period, the Postpartum Social Support Questionnaire (PSSQ), is described. The PSSQ was administered to 126\\u000a women at 2, 4, 6, and 12 months postpartum. Results indicate that it has high test–retest reliability and internal consistency.\\u000a Factor analyses suggest that

J. Hopkins; S. B. Campbell

2008-01-01

166

Development of a Community Commitment Scale with Cross-sectional Survey Validation for Preventing Social Isolation in Older Japanese People  

PubMed Central

Background Elderly social isolation could be prevented by facilitating communication or mutual helping at the neighborhood level. The helping of elderly neighbors by local volunteers may relate to their community commitment (CC), but ways to measure CC have not been identified. The aim of the present study was to develop a Community Commitment Scale (CCS) to measure psychological sense of belonging and socializing in the community among local volunteers, for research in prevention of elderly social isolation. We also tested the CCS in a general population of the elderly. Methods A pilot test of 266 Japanese urban residents was conducted to examine face validity for 24 identified items, of which 12 items were selected for the CCS, based on a 4-point Likert-type scale. The CCS was developed via self-report questionnaires to 859 local volunteers in two suburban cities and to 3484 randomly sampled general residents aged 55 years or older living in one of the cities. To assess concurrent validity, data were collected using the Brief Sense of Community Scale (Peterson; 2008) and two types of single questions on self-efficacy for helping elderly neighbors. Results Item analysis and factor analysis identified 8 items, which were classified between two datasets under the domains of “belonging” and “socializing” in the local volunteers and the general residents. Cronbach’s alpha (which conveyed the internal consistency of the CCS) was 0.75 in local volunteers and 0.78 in general residents. The correlation coefficients between the scores of the CCS and BSCS were 0.54 for local volunteers and 0.62 for general residents. ANOVA comparing the CCS between the confidence levels of the two types of single question of self-efficacy on helping elderly neighbors showed a strong relationship in the volunteers and residents. Conclusions These results demonstrate acceptable internal consistency and concurrent validity for the CCS, with the two dimensions “belonging” and “socializing”, among the local volunteers and general residents in urban Japanese areas. Community commitment measured by the CCS was related to the degree of confidence for self-efficacy in helping elderly neighbors to prevent elderly social isolation.

2012-01-01

167

The multidimensional scale of perceived social support: analyses of internal reliability, measurement invariance, and correlates across gender.  

PubMed

In this study, we examined estimates of internal consistency reliability, measurement invariance, and differential correlates of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS; Zimet, Dahlem, Zimet, & Farley, 1988) in samples of undergraduate men (n = 270) and women (n = 340). The MSPSS is designed to assess 3 sources of perceived social support: family, friends, and significant others. The participants ranged in age from 18 to 24 years (M(age) = 19.60, SD = 1.4 years). First, composite scale reliability and coefficient omega methods provided adequate estimates of internal consistency reliability for the original MSPSS total and subscale scores. Second, results of multiple-groups invariance confirmatory factor analysis provided support for configural and metric invariance. Partial measurement invariance was attained for scalar and strict measurement invariance across men and women. Additionally, given the high correlations among the first-order factors, we conducted multiple-groups bifactor item response theory (bifactor-IRT) analysis to evaluate further the performances of the individual MSPSS items across gender. Support for the bifactor model was strong. Third, we conducted a series of simultaneous regression analyses to identify potential correlates of the social support construct for women and men. PMID:24090236

Osman, Augustine; Lamis, Dorian A; Freedenthal, Stacey; Gutierrez, Peter M; McNaughton-Cassill, Mary

2014-01-01

168

Validation of the Malay version of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS-M) among a group of medical students in Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to validate the Malay version of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS-M) among a group of medical students in Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya.

C. G. Ng; A. N. Amer Siddiq; S. A. Aida; N. Z. Zainal; O. H. Koh

2010-01-01

169

A Study to Develop a Scale for Determining the Social Acceptance Levels of Special-Needs Students, Participating in Inclusion Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to develop a scale of social acceptance for determining the social acceptance levels of special-needs students, participating in inclusion practices. The target population of the research is 8th grade students of all primary schools in the provincial center of Burdur in the 2008 to 2009 academic year and the target study…

Arslan, Erdinc; Sahbaz, Umit

2012-01-01

170

Exploring links between juvenile offenders and social disorganization at a large map scale: a Bayesian spatial modeling approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper adopts a Bayesian spatial modeling approach to investigate the distribution of young offender residences in York Region, Southern Ontario, Canada, at the census dissemination area level. Few geographic researches have analyzed offender (as opposed to offense) data at a large map scale (i.e., using a relatively small areal unit of analysis) to minimize aggregation effects. Providing context is the social disorganization theory, which hypothesizes that areas with economic deprivation, high population turnover, and high ethnic heterogeneity exhibit social disorganization and are expected to facilitate higher instances of young offenders. Non-spatial and spatial Poisson models indicate that spatial methods are superior to non-spatial models with respect to model fit and that index of ethnic heterogeneity, residential mobility (1 year moving rate), and percentage of residents receiving government transfer payments are, respectively, the most significant explanatory variables related to young offender location. These findings provide overwhelming support for social disorganization theory as it applies to offender location in York Region, Ontario. Targeting areas where prevalence of young offenders could or could not be explained by social disorganization through decomposing the estimated risk map are helpful for dealing with juvenile offenders in the region. Results prompt discussion into geographically targeted police services and young offender placement pertaining to risk of recidivism. We discuss possible reasons for differences and similarities between the previous findings (that analyzed offense data and/or were conducted at a smaller map scale) and our findings, limitations of our study, and practical outcomes of this research from a law enforcement perspective.

Law, Jane; Quick, Matthew

2013-01-01

171

Social Aspects of Photobooks: Improving Photobook Authoring from Large-Scale Multimedia Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With photo albums we aim to capture personal events such as weddings, vacations, and parties of family and friends. By arranging photo prints, captions and paper souvenirs such as tickets over the pages of a photobook we tell a story to capture and share our memories. The photo memories captured in such a photobook tell us much about the content and the relevance of the photos for the user. The way in which we select photos and arrange them in the photo album reveal a lot about the events, persons and places on the photos: captions describe content, closeness and arrangement of photos express relations between photos and their content and especially about the social relations of the author and the persons present in the album. Nowadays the process of photo album authoring has become digital, photos and texts can be arranged and laid out with the help of authoring tools in a digital photo album which can be printed as a physical photobook. In this chapter we present results of the analysis of a large repository of digitally mastered photobooks to learn about their social aspects. We explore to which degree a social aspect can be identified and how expressive and vivid different classes of photobooks are. The photobooks are anonymized, real world photobooks from customers of our industry partner CeWe Color. The knowledge gained from this social photobook analysis is meant both to better understand how people author their photobooks and to improve the automatic selection of and layout of photobooks.

Sandhaus, Philipp; Boll, Susanne

172

Increasing Social Capital and Personal Efficacy through Small-Scale Community Events  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California's voter-approved Children and Families Act of 1998 calls for money collected from tobacco taxes to support services for families with children up to 5 years of age. Sacramento County uses a portion of its allocation for small community grants with the specific intent of building social capital among neighbors and across communities. The…

Molitor, Fred; Rossi, Melissa; Branton, Lisa; Field, Julie

2011-01-01

173

Social Context of Smoking Hookah among College Students: Scale Development and Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To develop an instrument that measures the social context of hookah use among college students. Participants: A pool of 50 potential items, based on 44 in-depth interviews with regular college hookah smokers, was administered to a sample of 274 hookah users between October and December 2011. Methods: Participants were approached in…

Sharma, Eva; Beck, Kenneth H.; Clark, Pamela I.

2013-01-01

174

Social Inequality and Measurement of Cognition in the Schools: Focusing on Raven's Colored Progressive Matrices Scale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social class, as reflected in socioeconomic status (SES), has such a profound influence on all aspects of performance that it is perhaps the most powerful predictor of academic achievement. Intelligence quotient (IQ) tests in one form or another have been used for quantitative assessment of academic ability since Alfred Binet first developed the…

Sigmon, Scott B.

175

The Compassion Fatigue Scale: Its Use With Social Workers Following Urban Disaster  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The present study has two goals: to assess the difference between secondary trauma and job burnout and to examine the utility of secondary trauma in predicting psychological distress. Method: The data come from a survey of social workers (N = 236) living in New York City 20 months following the September 11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center

Richard E. Adams; Charles R. Figley; Joseph A. Boscarino

2007-01-01

176

Fine-scale genetic structure and cryptic associations reveal evidence of kin-based sociality in the African forest elephant.  

PubMed

Spatial patterns of relatedness within animal populations are important in the evolution of mating and social systems, and have the potential to reveal information on species that are difficult to observe in the wild. This study examines the fine-scale genetic structure and connectivity of groups within African forest elephants, Loxodonta cyclotis, which are often difficult to observe due to forest habitat. We tested the hypothesis that genetic similarity will decline with increasing geographic distance, as we expect kin to be in closer proximity, using spatial autocorrelation analyses and Tau K(r) tests. Associations between individuals were investigated through a non-invasive genetic capture-recapture approach using network models, and were predicted to be more extensive than the small groups found in observational studies, similar to fission-fusion sociality found in African savanna (Loxodonta africana) and Asian (Elephas maximus) species. Dung samples were collected in Lopé National Park, Gabon in 2008 and 2010 and genotyped at 10 microsatellite loci, genetically sexed, and sequenced at the mitochondrial DNA control region. We conducted analyses on samples collected at three different temporal scales: a day, within six-day sampling sessions, and within each year. Spatial autocorrelation and Tau K(r) tests revealed genetic structure, but results were weak and inconsistent between sampling sessions. Positive spatial autocorrelation was found in distance classes of 0-5 km, and was strongest for the single day session. Despite weak genetic structure, individuals within groups were significantly more related to each other than to individuals between groups. Social networks revealed some components to have large, extensive groups of up to 22 individuals, and most groups were composed of individuals of the same matriline. Although fine-scale population genetic structure was weak, forest elephants are typically found in groups consisting of kin and based on matrilines, with some individuals having more associates than observed from group sizes alone. PMID:24505381

Schuttler, Stephanie G; Philbrick, Jessica A; Jeffery, Kathryn J; Eggert, Lori S

2014-01-01

177

Intervention Validity of Social Behavior Rating Scales: Features of Assessments that Link Results to Treatment Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The term "intervention validity" refers to the extent to which assessment results can be used to guide the selection of interventions and evaluation of outcomes. In this article, the authors review the defining attributes of rating scales that distinguish them from other assessment tools, assumptions regarding the use of rating scales to measure…

Elliott, Stephen N.; Gresham, Frank M.; Frank, Jennifer L.; Beddow, Peter A., III

2008-01-01

178

Development and validation of adolescent-perceived microsystem scales: Social support, daily hassles, and involvement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developed and validated instruments for urban and culturally diverse adolescents to assess their self-reported transactions\\u000a with family, peer, school, and neighborhood microsystems for the constructs of social support, daily hassles, and involvement.\\u000a The sample of 998 youth were from schools in three Eastern cities with high percentages of economically disadvantaged youth.\\u000a Data were collected before and after the transition to

Edward Seidman; LaRue Allen; J. Lawrence Aber; Christina Mitchell; Joanna Feinman; Hirokazu Yoshikawa; Katherine Anne Comtois; Judith Golz; Robin L. Miller; Blanca Ortiz-Torres; Gillian Carty Roper

1995-01-01

179

Collaboration in Foundation Degree Provision: A Case Study in Kent  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health and Social Care Foundation Degree (FD HSC) development commenced at Canterbury Christ Church University (CCCU) in 2005: the university already had a variety of validated programmes of this design, thus this new provision was able to draw on expertise of proven worth in the local economy. Over the past two years this programme has expanded…

Thurgate, Claire; MacGregor, Janet

2008-01-01

180

PROMIS Pediatric Peer Relationships Scale: Development of a Peer Relationships Item Bank as Part of Social Health Measurement  

PubMed Central

Objective This study’s objective was to develop a measure of social health using item response theory as part of the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS). Methods After candidate items were generated from review of prior literature, focus groups, expert input, and cognitive interviews, items were administered to youth aged 8–17 as part of the PROMIS pediatric large scale testing. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to assess dimensionality and to identify instances of local dependence. Items that met the unidimensionality criteria were subsequently calibrated using Samejima’s Graded Response Model. Differential item functioning was examined by gender and age. Results The sample included 3,048 youth who completed the questionnaire (51.8% female, 60% white, and 22.7% with chronic illness). The initial conceptualization of social function and sociability did not yield unidimensional item banks. Rather, factor analysis revealed dimensions contrasting peer relationships and adult relationships. The analysis also identified dimensions formed by responses to positively versus negatively worded items. The resulting 15-item bank measures quality of peer relationships and has strong psychometric characteristics as a full bank or an 8-item short form. Conclusions The PROMIS pediatric peer relationships scale demonstrates good psychometric characteristics and addresses an important aspect of child health.

DeWalt, Darren A.; Thissen, David; Stucky, Brian D.; Langer, Michelle M.; DeWitt, Esi Morgan; Irwin, Debra E.; Lai, Jin-Shei; Yeatts, Karin B.; Gross, Heather E.; Taylor, Olivia; Varni, James W.

2013-01-01

181

Public Provision of Private Goods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Government may provide a good that can, if legally permitted, be supplemented by private purchases. Policy is determined by majority rule. Under standard assumptions on preferences, a majority voting equilibrium exists. A regime of positive government provision with no restriction on private supplements is shown to be majority preferred to a regime of either only market provision or only government

Dennis Epple; Richard E. Romano

1996-01-01

182

Commentary: The Observed Association between Autistic Severity Measured by the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) and General Psychopathology-- A Response to Hus et al.()  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In their analysis of the accumulated data from the clinically ascertained Simons Simplex Collection (SSC), Hus et al. (2013) provide a large-scale clinical replication of previously reported associations (see Constantino, Hudziak & Todd, 2003) between quantitative autistic traits [as measured by the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS)] and…

Constantino, John N.; Frazier, Thomas W.

2013-01-01

183

77 FR 54646 - Social Security Acquiescence Ruling (AR) 12-1(8); Correction; Petersen v. Astrue, 633 F.3d 633...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)--Title II of the Social Security Act AGENCY...in the first column, correct the ``title'' to read: Social Security Acquiescence...Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)--Title II of the Social Security Act....

2012-09-05

184

Autonomy and Governance in Local Authority Provision for Children and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of local government in addressing issues of social equity is undergoing significant reconstruction in current educational policy reforms in England. The current conceptualisation of social provision places individual rights at the centre of policy, and social responsibility is represented as the work of individuals. Drawing upon a…

Boyask, Ruth; Donkin, Arnet; Waite, Sue; Lawson, Hazel

2013-01-01

185

Brief Report: Excellent Agreement between Two Brief Autism Scales (Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder and Social Responsiveness Scale) Completed Independently by Parents and the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Agreement between the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) and two brief scales completed by parents was 93.1% for the Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder (CASD) and 89.7% for the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) in a sample of adolescents with suspected autism spectrum disorders. Our study is consistent with others showing that brief…

Murray, Michael J.; Mayes, Susan Dickerson; Smith, Laura A.

2011-01-01

186

Scale-invariance underlying the logistic equation and its social applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On the basis of dynamical principles we i) advance a derivation of the Logistic Equation (LE), widely employed (among multiple applications) in the simulation of population growth, and ii) demonstrate that scale-invariance and a mean-value constraint are sufficient and necessary conditions for obtaining it. We also generalize the LE to multi-component systems and show that the above dynamical mechanisms underlie a large number of scale-free processes. Examples are presented regarding city-populations, diffusion in complex networks, and popularity of technological products, all of them obeying the multi-component logistic equation in an either stochastic or deterministic way.

Hernando, A.; Plastino, A.

2013-01-01

187

The British Sign Language versions of the Patient Health Questionnaire, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item Scale, and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale.  

PubMed

The present study is aimed to translate 3 widely used clinical assessment measures into British Sign Language (BSL), to pilot the BSL versions, and to establish their validity and reliability. These were the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale, and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS). The 3 assessment measures were translated into BSL and piloted with the Deaf signing population in the United Kingdom (n = 113). Participants completed the PHQ-9, GAD-7, WSAS, and Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation-Outcome Measure (CORE-OM) online. The reliability and validity of the BSL versions of PHQ-9, GAD-7, and WSAS have been examined and were found to be good. The construct validity for the PHQ-9 BSL version did not find the single-factor solution as found in the hearing population. The BSL versions of PHQ-9, GAD-7, and WSAS have been produced in BSL and can be used with the signing Deaf population in the United Kingdom. This means that now there are accessible mental health assessments available for Deaf people who are BSL users, which could assist in the early identification of mental health difficulties. PMID:23197315

Rogers, Katherine D; Young, Alys; Lovell, Karina; Campbell, Malcolm; Scott, Paul R; Kendal, Sarah

2013-01-01

188

The British Sign Language Versions of the Patient Health Questionnaire, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item Scale, and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale  

PubMed Central

The present study is aimed to translate 3 widely used clinical assessment measures into British Sign Language (BSL), to pilot the BSL versions, and to establish their validity and reliability. These were the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale, and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS). The 3 assessment measures were translated into BSL and piloted with the Deaf signing population in the United Kingdom (n = 113). Participants completed the PHQ-9, GAD-7, WSAS, and Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation–Outcome Measure (CORE-OM) online. The reliability and validity of the BSL versions of PHQ-9, GAD-7, and WSAS have been examined and were found to be good. The construct validity for the PHQ-9 BSL version did not find the single-factor solution as found in the hearing population. The BSL versions of PHQ-9, GAD-7, and WSAS have been produced in BSL and can be used with the signing Deaf population in the United Kingdom. This means that now there are accessible mental health assessments available for Deaf people who are BSL users, which could assist in the early identification of mental health difficulties.

Rogers, Katherine D.

2013-01-01

189

SCALES AND PROCEDURES FOR ASSESSING SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VISUALLY IMPAIRED AND HEARING IMPAIRED STUDENTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS IS A METHODOLOGICAL STUDY TO DETERMINE IF RELIABLE AND VALIDLY COMPARABLE DATA CAN BE OBTAINED FROM SCALES DESIGNED FOR USE WITH HEARING IMPAIRED, VISUALLY IMPAIRED, AND NON-IMPAIRED HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS. THE MAJOR INSTRUMENTS ASSESSED SELF CONCEPT OF ACADEMIC ABILITY. IT WAS CONCLUDED ON THE BASIS OF CROSS-VALIDATION AND OTHER ANALYTICAL…

ERICKSON, EDSEL L.; JOINER, LEE M.

190

The Use of Bidimensional Scales to Assess Social Workers' Attitudes toward Lesbians and Gay Men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research note provides a rationale for the use of gender-specific subscales, rather than a single global measurement device, to assess respondents' differential attitudes toward lesbians and gay men. It then evaluates the reliability and validity of equivalent forms of the Attitudes toward Lesbians and Gay Men scale (ATLG) (Herek, 1994) when…

Green, Robert G.

2005-01-01

191

Evaluation of Social Cognitive Scaling Response Options in the Physical Activity Domain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare the reliability, variability, and predictive validity of two common scaling response formats (semantic differential, Likert-type) and two numbers of response options (5-point, 7-point) in the physical activity domain. Constructs of the theory of planned behavior were chosen in this analysis based on its…

Rhodes, Ryan E.; Matheson, Deborah Hunt; Mark, Rachel

2010-01-01

192

Sex-biased dispersal patterns depend on the spatial scale in a social rodent  

PubMed Central

Dispersal is a fundamental process in ecology because it influences the dynamics, genetic structure and persistence of populations. Furthermore, understanding the evolutionary causes of dispersal pattern, particularly when they differ between genders, is still a major question in evolutionary ecology. Using a panel of 10 microsatellite loci, we investigated at different spatial scales the genetic structure and the sex-specific dispersal patterns in the common vole Microtus arvalis, a small colonial mammal. This study was conducted in an intensive agricultural area of western France. Hierarchical FST analyses, relatedness and assignment tests suggested (i) that females are strongly kin-clustered within colonies; (ii) that dispersal is strongly male-biased at a local scale; and (iii) long-distance dispersal is not rare and more balanced between genders. We conclude that males migrate continuously from colony to colony to reproduce, whereas females may disperse just once and would be mainly involved in new colony foundation.

Gauffre, B.; Petit, E.; Brodier, S.; Bretagnolle, V.; Cosson, J. F.

2009-01-01

193

Malingering on the Social Security disability consultative exam: a new rating scale.  

PubMed

In disability examinations, benefits may depend on the findings of a psychological consultative examination (PCE), which in Louisiana usually involves a mental status examination and a Wechsler Scale. The disability determinations service (DDS) requires a warning that failure to do one's best may result in an unfavorable decision on the claim, but psychologists are officially discouraged from determining effort by the use of formal effort tests. Consequently, there is a need for internal indicators of effort. Formal testing of effort was undertaken in order to identify indicators of effort within the PCE in WAIS-age and WISC-age claimants. Our findings indicated that the total score of indicators was more predictive of effort than any single indicator. Regression equations yielded information on how much effort contributes to IQ. Classification accuracy for the new rating scale was described for a "dose-response" of effort. Disincentives for malingering detection in the PCE were identified. PMID:17097263

Chafetz, Michael D; Abrahams, Joel P; Kohlmaier, Joy

2007-01-01

194

The Swedish version of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support (MSPSS) - a psychometric evaluation study in women with hirsutism and nursing students  

PubMed Central

Background The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) is a short instrument, developed to assess perceived social support. The original English version has been widely used. The original scale has demonstrated satisfactory psychometric properties in different settings, but no validated Swedish version has been available. The aim was therefore to translate, adapt and psychometrically evaluate the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support for use in a Swedish context. Method In total 281 participants accepted to join the study, a main sample of 127 women with hirsutism and a reference sample of 154 nursing students. The MSPSS was translated and culturally adapted according to the rigorous official process approved by WHO. The psychometric evaluation included item analysis, evaluation of factor structure, known-group validity, internal consistency and reproducibility. Results The original three-factor structure was reproduced in the main sample of women with hirsutism. An equivalent factor structure was demonstrated in a cross-validation, based on the reference sample of nursing students. Known-group validity was supported and internal consistency was good for all scales (??=?0.91-0.95). The test-retest showed acceptable to very good reproducibility for the items (?w?=?0.58-0.85) and the scales (ICC?=?0.89-0.92; CCC?=?0.89-0.92). Conclusion The Swedish version of the MSPSS is a multidimensional scale with sound psychometric properties in the present study sample. The simple and short format makes it a useful tool for measuring perceived social support.

2013-01-01

195

An examination of the psychometric properties of the Vicarious Trauma Scale in a sample of licensed social workers.  

PubMed

Vicarious trauma (VT) involves affective distress and shifts in cognitive schemas following secondary exposure to traumatic material. The Vicarious Trauma Scale (VTS) is a brief measure designed to assess distress resulting from such exposure and has potential as a screening tool for VT in practice and educational settings. The current study is the first examination of the psychometric properties of the VTS in a sample of social workers (n = 157) collected in a cross-sectional survey. Results from item response models (IRM) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) suggest the VTS has good to excellent psychometric properties and could be a general screening tool for exposure to traumatic material or distressed clients and a measure of the affective and cognitive impact of such exposure. Both CFA and IRM approaches suggest a two-dimensional solution for the VTS, corresponding to cognitive and affective components. Implications for research and applications to practice are discussed. PMID:24432486

Aparicio, Elizabeth; Michalopoulos, Lynn M; Unick, George J

2013-11-01

196

Economic Price Adjustment (EPA) Provisions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report reviews the US Army Materiel Development and Readiness Command's (DARCOM) Economic Price Adjustment (EPA) experience. In the fall of 1973 few DARCOM contracts contained EPA provisions and the resulting inflation caused many DARCOM contractors ...

C. E. Beeckler K. D. Newlin

1977-01-01

197

Digital Archiving of People Flow by Recycling Large-Scale Social Survey Data of Developing Cities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data on people flow has become increasingly important in the field of business, including the areas of marketing and public services. Although mobile phones enable a person's position to be located to a certain degree, it is a challenge to acquire sufficient data from people with mobile phones. In order to grasp people flow in its entirety, it is important to establish a practical method of reconstructing people flow from various kinds of existing fragmentary spatio-temporal data such as social survey data. For example, despite typical Person Trip Survey Data collected by the public sector showing the fragmentary spatio-temporal positions accessed, the data are attractive given the sufficiently large sample size to estimate the entire flow of people. In this study, we apply our proposed basic method to Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) PT data pertaining to developing cities around the world, and we propose some correction methods to resolve the difficulties in applying it to many cities and stably to infrastructure data.

Sekimoto, Y.; Watanabe, A.; Nakamura, T.; Horanont, T.

2012-07-01

198

Exploring the relationship between mental health stigma, knowledge and provision of pharmacy services for consumers with schizophrenia.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: Pharmacists' provision of medication counseling and medication review has been shown to improve adherence and resolve drug-related problems. Lack of knowledge of mental health conditions and negative beliefs may act as a barrier to the provision of pharmacy services. It is unclear how pharmacists' knowledge and attitudes impact their provision of pharmacy services. OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationship between pharmacists' level of mental health stigma, mental health literacy and behavioral intentions in relation to providing pharmacy services for consumers with schizophrenia. METHODS: A survey instrument containing a measure of mental health literacy, the 7-item social distance scale, and 16 items relating to the provision of pharmacy services for consumers with schizophrenia compared to cardiovascular disease, was mailed to a random sample of 1000 pharmacists registered with the Pharmacy Board of New South Wales in November 2009. Multiple linear regression models were used to assess the relationship between stigma, knowledge and behavior. RESULTS: Responses were received from 188 pharmacists. Pharmacists were significantly more confident and comfortable to provide services to consumers with a cardiovascular illness than a mental illness. Social distance, ? = -0.11 (95% CI: -0.22, -0.01, P = 0.03), and schizophrenia literacy scores, ? = 1.02, (95% CI: 0.54, 1.50, P < 0.001), were strongly associated with willingness to provide medication counseling. Schizophrenia literacy was also a predictor of identifying drug-related problems, ? = 1.09 (95% CI: 0.39, 1.79, P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Low levels of mental health stigma and high levels of schizophrenia literacy were associated with pharmacists being more willing to provide medication counseling and identify drug-related problems for consumers with schizophrenia. This demonstrates the importance of improving knowledge and stigma surrounding schizophrenia to improve service delivery for consumers taking medications for schizophrenia. PMID:23632161

O'Reilly, Claire L; Bell, J Simon; Kelly, Patrick J; Chen, Timothy F

2013-04-27

199

From Parasite Encounter to Infection: Multiple-Scale Drivers of Parasite Richness in a Wild Social Primate Population  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Host parasite diversity plays a fundamental role in ecological and evolutionary processes, yet the factors that drive it are still poorly understood. A variety of processes, operating across a range of spatial scales, are likely to influence both the probability of parasite encounter and subsequent infection. Here, we explored eight possible determinants of parasite richness, comprising rainfall and temperature at the population level, ranging behavior and home range productivity at the group level, and age, sex, body condition, and social rank at the individual level. We used a unique dataset describing gastrointestinal parasites in a terrestrial subtropical vertebrate (chacma baboons, Papio ursinus), comprising 662 faecal samples from 86 individuals representing all age-sex classes across two groups over two dry seasons in a desert population. Three mixed models were used to identify the most important factor at each of the three spatial scales (population, group, individual); these were then standardised and combined in a single, global, mixed model. Individual age had the strongest influence on parasite richness, in a convex relationship. Parasite richness was also higher in females and animals in poor condition, albeit at a lower order of magnitude than age. Finally, with a further halving of effect size, parasite richness was positively correlated to day range and temperature. These findings indicate that a range of factors influence host parasite richness through both encounter and infection probabilities, but that individual-level processes may be more important than those at the group or population level.

Benavides J. A.; Huchard, E.; Pettorelli, N.; King, A. J.; Brown, M. E.; Archer, C. E.; Appleton, C. C.; Raymond, M.; Cowlishaw, G.

2011-01-01

200

Developing a Change-Sensitive Brief Behavior Rating Scale as a Progress Monitoring Tool for Social Behavior: An Example Using the Social Skills Rating System--Teacher Form  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has been unsuccessful at revealing an analogue to curriculum-based measurement in the area of progress monitoring for social behavior. As a result, there is a need to develop change-sensitive, technically adequate, feasible progress monitoring tools for social behavior that represent general outcome measures of performance. The purpose of…

Gresham, Frank M.; Cook, Clayton R.; Collins, Tai; Dart, Evan; Rasetshwane, Kutlo; Truelson, Erica; Grant, Stephanie

2010-01-01

201

Base Rates of Social Skills Acquisition\\/Performance Deficits, Strengths, and Problem Behaviors: An Analysis of the Social Skills Improvement System—Rating Scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Base rate information is important in clinical assessment because one cannot know how unusual or typical a phenomenon is without first knowing its base rate in the population. This study empirically determined the base rates of social skills acquisition and performance deficits, social skills strengths, and problem behaviors using a nationally representative sample of children and adolescent ages 3–18 years.

Frank M. Gresham; Stephen N. Elliott; Ryan J. Kettler

2010-01-01

202

Physical appearance as a measure of social ranking: the role of a new scale to understand the relationship between weight and dieting.  

PubMed

This study presents the development of a new self-report instrument to assess how an individual perceives himself as social agent within his group having physical appearance as a reference, the Social Comparison through Physical Appearance Scale (SCPAS). This scale adds to the existent measures by assessing the social ranking based on one's physical appearance, and not the tendency to make comparisons of the general physical appearance or specific body parts. Its psychometric characteristics are investigated in a sample of 828 female participants from normal population. Principal components analysis was conducted for each part of the instrument: the Part A: peers shows a 2-factor structure (Attractiveness/Rank and Group Fit) explaining 72.142% of the variance; the Part B: models presents a one-dimensional structure that explains 69.191% of the variance. Findings show very good internal consistency coefficients and test-retest reliability. The two parts of the SCPAS are significantly associated to social comparison and shame measures, to anxiety, depression and stress indicators, and to eating disorders symptomatology. The scale discriminates between a clinical sample of 91 patients with an eating disorder and a non-clinical sample of 102 participants. Regression analyses pointed out that social comparison through physical appearance with peers and models partially mediates the effect of the dissatisfaction with current weight on disordered eating, namely drive for thinness. PMID:21796733

Ferreira, Cláudia; Pinto-Gouveia, José; Duarte, Cristiana

2013-01-01

203

Assessing Understanding of Social Awareness Concepts in Children with Intellectual Disability and Autism Spectrum Disorder Using the Bracken Basic Concept Scale-Third Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Authors contrasted Bracken Basic Concept Scale: Receptive, Third Edition (BBCS: R-3) test performance between 57 children with intellectual disability (ID) and 76 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and ID. BBCS: R-3 School Readiness Composite (SRC) and Self-/Social Awareness subtests were analyzed. Multivariate analysis of covariance…

Klubnik, Cynthia; Murphy, Laura; Campbell, Jonathan M.; Reed, Colby B.; Warner-Metzger, Christina M.

2014-01-01

204

The Management of Social and Economic Impacts Associated with the Construction of Large-Scale Projects: Experiences from the Western Coal Development Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Large-scale energy or resource development projects in rural areas cause environmental, social, and economic changes in the community. The negative aspects of these impacts can be mitigated and the positive aspects enhanced, through the use of effective impact management strategies by local and state governments (together and separately), the…

Greene, Marjorie R.; Curry, Martha G.

205

A Factor Analytic Study of the Loneliness and Social Dissatisfaction Scale in a Sample of African-American and Hispanic-American Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Loneliness and Social Dissatisfaction Scale (LSDS) in a sample of African-American and Hispanic-American children. Participants were a non-clinical sample (N = 186) of children ages 11 to 13 in the fifth and sixth grades in a school in the Metropolitan New York area. Confirmatory factor…

Bagner, Daniel M.; Storch, Eric A.; Roberti, Jonathan W.

2004-01-01

206

Regional Prenatal Diagnostic Services: Needs, Provision and Acceptance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project addresses the feasibility of applying clinical genetics on a large scale to reduce the incidence of major birth defects such as Down syndrome and spina bifida, by examining the needs, provision and acceptance of the new prenatal diagnostic ser...

K. J. Roghmann

1986-01-01

207

Reasserting the 'social' in social rented housing: politics, housing policy and housing reforms in New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

After a decade of wide-ranging social welfare reforms in New Zealand, that have resulted in a considerable restructuring of the role of the state in housing provision, the introduction of new housing legislation in 2000 marked a significant attempt to reassert the notion of social provision. This article examines the manner in which housing policy has recast the role of

Laurence Murphy

2003-01-01

208

Educational provisions and learning disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To assess the impact of the provisions of the Maharashtra government on the academic performance of children with specific\\u000a learning disability (SpLD) at the Secondary School Certificate (SSC) board examination.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The academic performance of 60 children (45 boys, 15 girls) at the SSC board examination with benefit of chosen provisions\\u000a was compared with their performance at their last annual school

Madhuri Kulkarni; Sunil Karande; Anjana Thadhani; Hetal Maru; Rukhshana Sholapurwala

2006-01-01

209

Relationship between the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale (SCORS) and attachment style in a clinical sample.  

PubMed

This present study examined the relationship between the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale (SCORS) and two measures of adult attachment: the Relationship Questionnaire (RQ) and the Experiences in Close Relationships Questionnaire-Revised (ECR-R). Forty-five patients (76% female) at a university-based outpatient treatment clinic participated in this study. We hypothesized that higher levels of attachment security would be associated with higher, more adaptive ratings on the SCORS variables. Results indicated that the SCORS Self-Esteem (SE) variable was significantly positively related to the RQ's Secure Attachment ratings and negatively related with the ECR-R's Anxious Attachment scale. Additionally, negative trends were noted between SE and the RQ's Fearful and Preoccupied Attachment scores. The SCORS Emotional Investments in Relationships and Affective Quality of Representations variables were associated with higher Secure scores and lower, more maladaptive Preoccupied scores on the RQ. It was also associated with greater attachment anxiety as measured by the ECR-R. Using both clinician (SCORS) and participant-rated measures (ECR-R and RQ), this study provides further understanding on how object representations and attachment style relate within a clinical sample. Results are discussed in light of prior research examining relationships between object relations and adult attachments, and clinical implications are also reviewed.?Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Key Practitioner Message: • Individuals with higher levels of attachment anxiety may enter therapy with more self-image problems. • Individuals with higher levels of attachment anxiety may enter therapy with more maladaptive expectations about relationships. • Patients who endorse high levels of attachment anxiety (e.g., fearful and preoccupied) may be more likely to present with Axis II complaints. • Examining a patient's attachment style and object relations using different measures of assessment (e.g., explicit and implicit) can help gain a deeper and more comprehensive understanding of a patient. PMID:20806423

Stein, Michelle B; Siefert, Caleb J; Stewart, Rosemarie Vala; Hilsenroth, Mark J

2011-01-01

210

The De Jong Gierveld short scales for emotional and social loneliness: tested on data from 7 countries in the UN generations and gender surveys  

PubMed Central

Loneliness concerns the subjective evaluation of the situation individuals are involved in, characterized either by a number of relationships with friends and colleagues which is smaller than is considered desirable (social loneliness), as well as situations where the intimacy in confidant relationships one wishes for has not been realized (emotional loneliness). To identify people who are lonely direct questions are not sufficient; loneliness scales are preferred. In this article, the quality of the three-item scale for emotional loneliness and the three-item scale for social loneliness has been investigated for use in the following countries participating in the United Nations “Generations and Gender Surveys”: France, Germany, the Netherlands, Russia, Bulgaria, Georgia, and Japan. Sample sizes for the 7 countries varied between 8,158 and 12,828. Translations of the De Jong Gierveld loneliness scale have been tested using reliability and validity tests including a confirmatory factor analysis to test the two-dimensional structure of loneliness. Test outcomes indicated for each of the countries under investigation reliable and valid scales for emotional and social loneliness, respectively.

Van Tilburg, Theo

2010-01-01

211

Development and validation of a short scale to measure how social relationships support the continuous and conscious endeavour to lose weight.  

PubMed

Summary This paper reports the development of a short scale (ten items) entitled 'Social Relationships to Prevent Obesity' (SRPO), which examines how social relationships support the continuous and conscious endeavour to lose weight. The construct and criterion validity of this scale were ascertained in this study. Factor structure and reliability were examined using data from a randomized controlled trial. A confirmatory factor analysis of the SRPO revealed three relevant factors. The results suggest that the SRPO has both validity and clinical utility and can thus be used as a screening tool in weight-loss interventions and to assess the degree of, and trends in, self-control for weight loss in individuals. The scale can also be used to examine the environmental and self-control problems faced by obese people - factors that should be considered when conducting weight-loss interventions. PMID:24618274

Takada, Akemi; Takahashi, Yoshimitsu; Nishimura, Shuzo; Kosugi, Shinji

2014-09-01

212

Worker Knowledge of Pension Provisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article evaluates the quality of workers' information regarding pension offerings using both administrative records and worker repor ts of pension provisions. Missing and incorrect information is widesp read. Unionized employees, higher income workers, better educated wor kers, and those with seniority are better informed about their pensio ns. There are also demographic differences: minorities have less pens ion knowledge

Olivia S. Mitchell

1988-01-01

213

Resource provisioning for cloud computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In resource provisioning for cloud computing, an important issue is how resources may be allocated to an application mix such that the service level agreements (SLAs) of all applications are met. A performance model with two interactive job classes is used to determine the smallest number of servers required to meet the SLAs of both classes. For each class, the

Ye Hu; Johnny Wong; Gabriel Iszlai; Marin Litoiu

2009-01-01

214

The Portuguese version of the Personal and Social Performance Scale (PSP): reliability, validity, and relationship with cognitive measures in hospitalized and community schizophrenia patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  Deficits in social functioning are a core feature of schizophrenia and are influenced by both symptomatic and neurocognitive\\u000a variables. In the present study we aimed to determine the reliability and validity of the Portuguese version of the Personal\\u000a and Social Performance (PSP) scale, and possible correlations with measures of cognitive functioning.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  One-hundred and four community and inpatients with schizophrenia were

Sofia Brissos; Filipa Palhavã; João Gama Marques; Susana Mexia; Ana Lisa Carmo; Manuel Carvalho; Cátia Dias; João Data Franco; Rita Mendes; Pedro Zuzarte; Ana Isabel Carita; Andrew Molodynski; Maria Luisa Figueira

215

43 CFR 402.23 - Special provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Small Tracts; Public and Acquired Lands; Gila Project, Arizona § 402.23 Special provisions. (a) After disposition...1) subject to the provisions of the laws of the State of Arizona relating to the organization, government, and...

2013-10-01

216

40 CFR 141.76 - Recycle provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Recycle provisions. 141.76 Section 141...Filtration and Disinfection § 141.76 Recycle provisions. (a) Applicability...or direct filtration treatment and that recycle spent filter backwash water,...

2010-07-01

217

40 CFR 141.76 - Recycle provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and Disinfection] [Sec. 141.76 - Recycle provisions.] 40 PROTECTION OF ENVIRONMENT...Filtration and Disinfection Sec. 141.76 Recycle provisions. (a) Applicability. All...or direct filtration treatment and that recycle spent filter backwash water,...

2009-07-01

218

Egypt Service Provision Assessment Survey, 2002.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 2002 Egypt Service Provision Assessment Survey (ESPA) was designed to collect information on the provision of reproductive health and child health services in Egypt in order to complement the information obtained through the 2000 Egypt Demographic and...

2003-01-01

219

28 CFR 512.21 - Copyright provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Copyright provisions. 512.21 Section 512... RESEARCH Research § 512.21 Copyright provisions. (a) An employee of the Bureau may not copyright any work prepared as part of...

2013-07-01

220

48 CFR 217.7601 - Provisioning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...contracts with provisioning requirements. (b) For technical requirements of provisioning, see DoD 4140.1-R, DoD Supply Chain Materiel Management Regulation, Chapter 2, Section C2.2. [71 FR 27643, May 12,...

2013-10-01

221

40 CFR 1065.905 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...provision can be verified by engineering analysis. This provision does not apply for non-flow-through media. (ii) For inertial PM balances, there is no requirement to control the stabilization environment temperature or dewpoint. (3) Use...

2013-07-01

222

New Approach to Air Force Provisioning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The principal objective of the study was to define the correlation and/or difference between commercial and Air Force provisioning methodologies. Applicable data was collected at AFLC, USAir Headquarters, ALC Ogden, and USAir Provisioning Department in Pi...

K. Garrison C. Tylander

1984-01-01

223

Development and reliability of a scale of physical-activity related informal social control for parents of Chinese pre-schoolers  

PubMed Central

Background Parents’ perceived informal social control, defined as the informal ways residents intervene to create a safe and orderly neighbourhood environment, may influence young children’s physical activity (PA) in the neighbourhood. This study aimed to develop and test the reliability of a scale of PA-related informal social control relevant to Chinese parents/caregivers of pre-schoolers (children aged 3 to 5 years) living in Hong Kong. Methods Nominal Group Technique (NGT), a structured, multi-step brainstorming technique, was conducted with two groups of caregivers (mainly parents; n?=?11) of Hong Kong pre-schoolers in June 2011. Items collected in the NGT sessions and those generated by a panel of experts were used to compile a list of items (n?=?22) for a preliminary version of a questionnaire of informal social control. The newly-developed scale was tested with 20 Chinese-speaking parents/caregivers using cognitive interviews (August 2011). The modified scale, including all 22 original items of which a few were slightly reworded, was subsequently administered on two occasions, a week apart, to 61 Chinese parents/caregivers of Hong Kong pre-schoolers in early 2012. The test-retest reliability and internal consistency of the items and scale were examined using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC), paired t-tests, relative percentages of shifts in responses to items, and Cronbach’s ? coefficient. Results Thirteen items generated by parents/caregivers and nine items generated by the panel of experts (total 22 items) were included in a first working version of the scale and classified into three subscales: “Personal involvement and general informal supervision”, “Civic engagement for the creation of a better neighbourhood environment” and “Educating and assisting neighbourhood children”. Twenty out of 22 items showed moderate to excellent test-test reliability (ICC range: 0.40-0.81). All three subscales of informal social control showed acceptable levels of internal consistency (Cronbach's ? >0.70). Conclusions A reliable scale examining PA-related informal social control relevant to Chinese parents/caregivers of pre-schoolers living in Hong Kong was developed. Further studies should examine the factorial validity of the scale, its associations with Chinese children’s PA and its appropriateness for other populations of parents of young children.

2014-01-01

224

Network Effects, Software Provision, and Standardization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the authors examine the software provision decision of software firms. The provision decision by software firms determines the value and, hence, the market share of competing hardware technologies. The authors show how the provision decision by software firms determines whether multiple hardware technologies are supported in equilibrium or whether there is de facto standardization, with only one

Jeffrey Church; Neil Gandal

1992-01-01

225

Scales  

ScienceCinema

Musical scales involve notes that, sounded simultaneously (chords), sound good together. The result is the left brain meeting the right brain — a Pythagorean interval of overlapping notes. This synergy would suggest less difference between the working of the right brain and the left brain than common wisdom would dictate. The pleasing sound of harmony comes when two notes share a common harmonic, meaning that their frequencies are in simple integer ratios, such as 3/2 (G/C) or 5/4 (E/C).

226

Scales  

SciTech Connect

Musical scales involve notes that, sounded simultaneously (chords), sound good together. The result is the left brain meeting the right brain — a Pythagorean interval of overlapping notes. This synergy would suggest less difference between the working of the right brain and the left brain than common wisdom would dictate. The pleasing sound of harmony comes when two notes share a common harmonic, meaning that their frequencies are in simple integer ratios, such as 3/2 (G/C) or 5/4 (E/C).

Murray Gibson

2007-04-27

227

Scales  

ScienceCinema

Musical scales involve notes that, sounded simultaneously (chords), sound good together. The result is the left brain meeting the right brain ? a Pythagorean interval of overlapping notes. This synergy would suggest less difference between the working of the right brain and the left brain than common wisdom would dictate. The pleasing sound of harmony comes when two notes share a common harmonic, meaning that their frequencies are in simple integer ratios, such as 3/2 (G/C) or 5/4 (E/C).

Murray Gibson

2010-01-08

228

Leo Szilard Lectureship Award Talk - Universal Scaling Laws from Cells to Cities; A Physicist's Search for Quantitative, Unified Theories of Biological and Social Structure and Dynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many of the most challenging, exciting and profound questions facing science and society, from the origins of life to global sustainability, fall under the banner of ``complex adaptive systems.'' This talk explores how scaling can be used to begin to develop physics-inspired quantitative, predictive, coarse-grained theories for understanding their structure, dynamics and organization based on underlying mathematisable principles. Remarkably, most physiological, organisational and life history phenomena in biology and socio-economic systems scale in a simple and ``universal'' fashion: metabolic rate scales approximately as the 3/4-power of mass over 27 orders of magnitude from complex molecules to the largest organisms. Time-scales (such as lifespans and growth-rates) and sizes (such as genome lengths and RNA densities) scale with exponents which are typically simple multiples of 1/4, suggesting that fundamental constraints underlie much of the generic structure and dynamics of living systems. These scaling laws follow from dynamical and geometrical properties of space-filling, fractal-like, hierarchical branching networks, presumed optimised by natural selection. This leads to a general framework that potentially captures essential features of diverse systems including vasculature, ontogenetic growth, cancer, aging and mortality, sleep, cell size, and DNA nucleotide substitution rates. Cities and companies also scale: wages, profits, patents, crime, disease, pollution, road lengths scale similarly across the globe, reflecting underlying universal social network dynamics which point to general principles of organization transcending their individuality. These have dramatic implications for global sustainability: innovation and wealth creation that fuel social systems, left unchecked, potentially sow the seeds for their inevitable collapse.

West, Geoffrey

2013-04-01

229

Habitat provisioning for aboveground predators decreases detritivores.  

PubMed

Although provisioning of habitat by ecosystem engineers is one of the most common biological interactions, previous studies have mostly focused on facilitative or bottom-up processes. Here we show that engineering effects can indirectly strengthen top-down effects mediated by predator abundance. We conducted a small-scale manipulative field experiment and broad-scale field observations of the plant, web spider, and detrital insect system in forest understory habitats. In the field experiment, artificially increasing architectural elements enhanced the abundance of spiders by providing physical support for web building. Moreover, aerial insects derived from the detrital food web decreased in response to increased spider abundance. As artificial architecture per se did not affect aerial detritivores, these results indicate that ecosystem engineering indirectly strengthens top-down effects mediated by predators. In field observations conducted in 12 cedar forests, path analyses supported the importance of an indirect pathway originating from understory vegetation complexity to spider abundance and to aerial detritivores. The effect size of spiders on detrital insects was similar in the field experiment and in the observations. These results indicate that the engineering effects of plants cascade to detrital insects through web spiders across different scales. PMID:18051649

Miyashita, Tadashi; Takada, Mayura

2007-11-01

230

TREATMENT Validation of a Scale for Rating the Delivery of PsychoSocial Treatments for Alcohol Dependence and Misuse: The UKATT Process Rating Scale (PRS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the development and validation of the UK Alcohol Treatment Trial Process Rating Scale (UKATT PRS), a manual based method for monitoring and rating the delivery of psychosocial treatments of alcohol dependence and misuse. Methods: Following adaptation and further development of a validated rating scale, the ability of the UKATT PRS to

Gillian Tober; Wendy Clyne; Olwyn Finnegan; Amanda Farrin; Ian Russell

231

Social complexity in bees is not sufficient to explain lack of reversions to solitary living over long time scales  

PubMed Central

Background The major lineages of eusocial insects, the ants, termites, stingless bees, honeybees and vespid wasps, all have ancient origins (? 65 mya) with no reversions to solitary behaviour. This has prompted the notion of a 'point of no return' whereby the evolutionary elaboration and integration of behavioural, genetic and morphological traits over a very long period of time leads to a situation where reversion to solitary living is no longer an evolutionary option. Results We show that in another group of social insects, the allodapine bees, there was a single origin of sociality > 40 mya. We also provide data on the biology of a key allodapine species, Halterapis nigrinervis, showing that it is truly social. H. nigrinervis was thought to be the only allodapine that was not social, and our findings therefore indicate that there have been no losses of sociality among extant allodapine clades. Allodapine colony sizes rarely exceed 10 females per nest and all females in virtually all species are capable of nesting and reproducing independently, so these bees clearly do not fit the 'point of no return' concept. Conclusion We argue that allodapine sociality has been maintained by ecological constraints and the benefits of alloparental care, as opposed to behavioural, genetic or morphological constraints to independent living. Allodapine brood are highly vulnerable to predation because they are progressively reared in an open nest (not in sealed brood cells), which provides potentially large benefits for alloparental care and incentives for reproductives to tolerate potential alloparents. We argue that similar vulnerabilities may also help explain the lack of reversions to solitary living in other taxa with ancient social origins.

Chenoweth, Luke B; Tierney, Simon M; Smith, Jaclyn A; Cooper, Steven JB; Schwarz, Michael P

2007-01-01

232

Development and psychometric properties of a new social support scale for self-care in middle-aged patients with type II diabetes (S4-MAD)  

PubMed Central

Background Social support has proved to be one of the most effective factors on the success of diabetic self-care. This study aimed to develop a scale for evaluating social support for self-care in middle-aged patients (30–60 years old) with type II diabetes. Methods This was a two-phase qualitative and quantitative study. The study was conducted during 2009 to 2011 in Tehran, Iran. In the qualitative part, a sample of diabetic patients participated in four focus group discussions in order to develop a preliminary item pool. Consequently, content and face validity were performed to provide a pre-final version of the questionnaire. Then, in a quantitative study, reliability (internal consistency and test-retest analysis), validity and factor analysis (both exploratory and confirmatory) were performed to assess psychometric properties of the scale. Results A 38-item questionnaire was developed through the qualitative phase. It was reduced to a 33-item after content validity. Exploratory factor analysis loaded a 30-item with a five-factor solution (nutrition, physical activity, self monitoring of blood glucose, foot care and smoking) that jointly accounted for 72.3% of observed variance. The confirmatory factor analysis indicated a good fit to the data. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient showed excellent internal consistency (alpha=0.94), and test-retest of the scale with 2-weeks intervals indicated an appropriate stability for the scale (ICC=0.87). Conclusion The findings showed that the designed questionnaire was a valid and reliable instrument for measuring social support for self-care in middle-aged patients with type II diabetes. It is an easy to use questionnaire and contains the most significant diabetes related behaviors that need continuous support for self-care.

2012-01-01

233

Comparison of early socialization practices used for litters of small-scale registered dog breeders and nonregistered dog breeders.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE-To compare early socialization practices between litters of breeders registered with the Canine Control Council (CCC) and litters of nonregistered breeders advertising puppies for sale in a local newspaper. DESIGN-Retrospective cohort study. Animals-80 litters of purebred and mixed-breed dogs from registered (n = 40) and non-registered (40) breeders. PROCEDURES-Registered breeders were randomly selected from the CCC website, and nonregistered breeders were randomly selected from a weekly advertising newspaper. The litter sold most recently by each breeder was then enrolled in the study. Information pertaining to socialization practices for each litter was obtained through a questionnaire administered over the telephone. RESULTS-Registered breeders generally had more breeding bitches and had more litters than did nonregistered breeders. Litters of registered breeders were more likely to have been socialized with adult dogs, people of different appearances, and various environmental stimuli, compared with litters of nonregistered breeders. Litters from registered breeders were also much less likely to have been the result of an unplanned pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE-Among those breeders represented, litters of registered breeders received more socialization experience, compared with litters of nonregistered breeders. People purchasing puppies from nonregistered breeders should focus on socializing their puppies between the time of purchase and 14 weeks of age. Additional research is required to determine whether puppies from nonregistered breeders are at increased risk of behavioral problems and are therefore more likely to be relinquished to animal shelters or euthanized, relative to puppies from registered breeders. PMID:21985351

Korbelik, Juraj; Rand, Jacquie S; Morton, John M

2011-10-15

234

Provisioning Data-Aggregation Sessions in Lambda Grids?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract—Many,large-scale scientific applications need to ag- gregate large amounts,of data from,multiple distributed sites to a centralized facility. We call such a request as a Data-Aggregation Request (DAR). In this study, we investigate the novel problem of on-demand,DAR provisioning over a wavelength-division mul- tiplexing (WDM) backbone,network. We provide a mathematical formulation,for our problem,as a Mixed Integer Linear Program (MILP). To solve

Dragos Andrei; Massimo Tornatore; Dipak Ghosal; Charles U. Martel; Biswanath Mukherjee

235

Dynamic Provisioning of Multi-tier Internet Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dynamic capacity provisioning is a useful technique for handling the multi-time-scale variations seen in Internet workloads. In this paper, we propose a novel dynamic pro- visioning technique for multi-tier Internet applications that employs (i) a flexible queuing model to determine how much resources to allocate to each tier of the application, and (ii) a combination of predictive and reactive methods

Bhuvan Urgaonkar; Prashant J. Shenoy; Abhishek Chandra; Pawan Goyal

2005-01-01

236

Initial Findings for Provisioning Variation in Cloud Computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cloud computing offers a paradigm shift in management of computing resources for large-scale applications. Using the Infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) cloud computing model, users today can request dynamically provisioned, virtualized resources such as CPU, memory, disk, and network access in the form of virtualized resources. The client typically requests resources based on computational needs and pays for resource instances based on their

M. Suhail Rehman; Majd F. Sakr

2010-01-01

237

5 CFR 9901.361 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Personnel DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND LABOR RELATIONS SYSTEMS...DEFENSE-OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT) DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE...General provisions. (a) Introduction . As provided...

2010-01-01

238

5 CFR 9901.361 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Personnel DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND LABOR RELATIONS SYSTEMS...DEFENSE-OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT) DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE...General provisions. (a) Introduction . As provided...

2009-01-01

239

14 CFR 1245.116 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

...NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION PATENTS AND OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS Patent Waiver Regulations § 1245.116 Miscellaneous provisions. (a) Filing of patent applications and reimbursement of...

2014-01-01

240

Adolescent smokers' provision of tobacco to other adolescents.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This study examined adolescent smokers provision of tobacco to other adolescents. METHODS: Data from a survey of 8th-, 9th-, and 10th-grade students in Minnesota were analyzed by using mixed-model logistic regression. RESULTS: More than two thirds (68.8%) of adolescent smokers had provided tobacco to another adolescent in the previous 30 days. Mother's smoking, number of friends who smoke, owning tobacco merchandise, number of cigarettes smoked in the past week, source of last cigarette (commercial), and recent attempt to buy cigarettes were associated with providing. CONCLUSIONS: The social availability of tobacco to youth needs further examination.

Wolfson, M; Forster, J L; Claxton, A J; Murray, D M

1997-01-01

241

75 FR 8671 - Magnuson-Stevens Act Provisions; General Provisions for Domestic Fisheries; Application for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration RIN 0648-XU21 Magnuson-Stevens Act Provisions; General Provisions for Domestic Fisheries...data and biological samples. Regulations under the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act require...

2010-02-25

242

76 FR 14922 - Magnuson-Stevens Act Provisions; General Provisions for Domestic Fisheries; Application for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Atmospheric Administration RIN 0648-XA303 Magnuson-Stevens Act Provisions; General Provisions for Domestic Fisheries...is made to issue an EFP. Regulations under the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act require...

2011-03-18

243

Validation of a theory-driven profile interpretation of the Dutch short form of the MMPI using the TAT Social Cognitions and Object Relations Scale (SCORS).  

PubMed

In this study, we investigated the construct validity of the theory-driven profile interpretation of the Dutch Short Form of the MMPI (DSFM; Luteijn & Kok, 1985), an interpretation method aimed at assessing structural features of personality based on Kernberg and Caligor's (2005) views concerning personality organization. We utilized the four dimensions of the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale (SCORS; Westen, Lohr, Silk, Gold, & Kerber, 1990) as external criteria. Results showed that, congruent with theoretical expectations, the DSFM profiles predicted structural features of personality functioning, especially identity diffusion as measured by the SCORS, after adjustment for the effect of the single scales used to construct the profiles. These findings provide further support for the construct validity of the DSFM profiles to measure structural features of personality organization. We discuss directions for future research and clinical implications. PMID:19205936

Eurelings-Bontekoe, Elisabeth H M; Luyten, Patrick; Snellen, Wim

2009-03-01

244

A Discourse Analysis of Australian Local Government Recreation and Sport Plans Provision For People with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public sector reforms in Australia have been promoted as ensuring efficiencies and accountability. As a response to these reform requirements, Australian local governments publically provide documented plans regarding service provision. While these documented plans may generally be perceived as value-neutral, they have the potential to imbed particular ideologies as well as ensure certain viewpoints remain entrenched in the current social

Richard McGrath

2009-01-01

245

Helping Providers to Improve Quality of Day-Care Provision: Theories of Education and Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that continuous training is important for improving the quality of day-care provision. Social learning theory is used to examine David A. Kolb's experiential learning model as an approach to training day-care providers. Concludes that attention must also be given to the creation of conditions under which experiential learning can be…

Munton, Anthony G.; And Others

1996-01-01

246

Proprietary Hospital Social Work: What Do We Know?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapid growth of the proprietary sector in the provision of social services creates a challenge for the social work profession. Little is known about social work services in for-profit organizations or about how they compare to similar non-profit settings. A comparative study was conducted of social work services in proprietary and non-profit…

Ortiz, Elizabeth Thompson; Bassoff, Betty Z.

247

Health and the Structure of Adolescent Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much research has explored the role of social networks in promoting health through the provision of social support. However, little work has examined how social networks themselves may be structured by health. This article investigates the link between individuals' health and the characteristics of their social network positions.We first develop…

Haas, Steven A.; Schaefer, David R.; Kornienko, Olga

2010-01-01

248

Resilience and challenges of marine social-ecological systems under complex and interconnected drivers.  

PubMed

In this paper, we summarize the contributions made by an interdisciplinary group of researchers from different disciplines (biology, ecology, economics, and law) that deal with key dimensions of marine social-ecological systems. Particularly, the local and global seafood provision; the feasibility and management of marine protected areas; the use of marine ecosystem services; the institutional dimension in European fisheries, and the affordable models for providing scientific advice to small-scale fisheries. This Special Issue presents key findings from selected case studies around the world available to educators, policy makers, and the technical community. Together, these papers show that a range of diverse ecological, economic, social, and institutional components often mutually interact at spatial and temporal scales, which evidence that managing marine social-ecological systems needs a continuous adaptability to navigate into new governance systems. PMID:24213990

Villasante, Sebastián; Macho, Gonzalo; Antelo, Manel; Rodríguez-González, David; Kaiser, Michel J

2013-12-01

249

Online dynamic capacity provisioning in data centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Power consumption imposes a significant cost for implementing cloud services, yet much of that power is used to maintain excess service capacity during periods of low load. In this work, we study how to avoid such waste via an online dynamic capacity provisioning. We overview recent results showing that the optimal offline algorithm for dynamic capacity provisioning has a simple

Minghong Lin; Adam Wierman; Lachlan L. H. Andrew; Eno Thereska

2011-01-01

250

Implementing the optimal provision of ecosystem services.  

PubMed

Many ecosystem services are public goods whose provision depends on the spatial pattern of land use. The pattern of land use is often determined by the decisions of multiple private landowners. Increasing the provision of ecosystem services, though beneficial for society as a whole, may be costly to private landowners. A regulator interested in providing incentives to landowners for increased provision of ecosystem services often lacks complete information on landowners' costs. The combination of spatially dependent benefits and asymmetric cost information means that the optimal provision of ecosystem services cannot be achieved using standard regulatory or payment for ecosystem services approaches. Here we show that an auction that sets payments between landowners and the regulator for the increased value of ecosystem services with conservation provides incentives for landowners to truthfully reveal cost information, and allows the regulator to implement the optimal provision of ecosystem services, even in the case with spatially dependent benefits and asymmetric information. PMID:24722635

Polasky, Stephen; Lewis, David J; Plantinga, Andrew J; Nelson, Erik

2014-04-29

251

Advance Network Reservation and Provisioning for Science  

SciTech Connect

We are witnessing a new era that offers new opportunities to conduct scientific research with the help of recent advancements in computational and storage technologies. Computational intensive science spans multiple scientific domains, such as particle physics, climate modeling, and bio-informatics simulations. These large-scale applications necessitate collaborators to access very large data sets resulting from simulations performed in geographically distributed institutions. Furthermore, often scientific experimental facilities generate massive data sets that need to be transferred to validate the simulation data in remote collaborating sites. A major component needed to support these needs is the communication infrastructure which enables high performance visualization, large volume data analysis, and also provides access to computational resources. In order to provide high-speed on-demand data access between collaborating institutions, national governments support next generation research networks such as Internet 2 and ESnet (Energy Sciences Network). Delivering network-as-a-service that provides predictable performance, efficient resource utilization and better coordination between compute and storage resources is highly desirable. In this paper, we study network provisioning and advanced bandwidth reservation in ESnet for on-demand high performance data transfers. We present a novel approach for path finding in time-dependent transport networks with bandwidth guarantees. We plan to improve the current ESnet advance network reservation system, OSCARS [3], by presenting to the clients, the possible reservation options and alternatives for earliest completion time and shortest transfer duration. The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) provides high bandwidth connections between research laboratories and academic institutions for data sharing and video/voice communication. The ESnet On-Demand Secure Circuits and Advance Reservation System (OSCARS) establishes guaranteed bandwidth of secure virtual circuits at a certain time, for a certain bandwidth and length of time. Though OSCARS operates within the ESnet, it also supplies end-to-end provisioning between multiple autonomous network domains. OSCARS gets reservation requests through a standard web service interface, and conducts a Quality-of-service (QoS) path for bandwidth guarantees. Multi-protocol Label Switching (MPLS) and the Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP) enable to create a virtual circuit using Label Switched Paths (LSP's). It contains three main components: a reservation manager, a bandwidth scheduler, and a path setup subsystem. The bandwidth scheduler needs to have information about the current and future states of the network topology in order to accomplish end-to-end bandwidth guaranteed paths.

Balman, Mehmet; Chaniotakis, Evangelos; Shoshani, Arie; Sim, Alex

2009-07-10

252

7 CFR 457.166 - Blueberry crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Blueberry crop insurance provisions. 457.166...CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.166 Blueberry crop insurance provisions. The Blueberry Crop Insurance Provisions for the 2005...

2010-01-01

253

7 CFR 457.166 - Blueberry crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Blueberry crop insurance provisions. 457.166...CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.166 Blueberry crop insurance provisions. The Blueberry Crop Insurance Provisions for the 2005...

2009-01-01

254

7 CFR 457.153 - Peach crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 6 2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Peach crop insurance provisions. 457.153 Section...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.153 Peach crop insurance provisions. The Peach Crop Insurance Provisions for the 2001 and...

2009-01-01

255

7 CFR 457.109 - Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions. 457.109 Section...CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.109 Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions. The Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions for the 1998...

2010-01-01

256

7 CFR 457.109 - Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions. 457.109 Section...CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.109 Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions. The Sugar Beet Crop Insurance Provisions for the 1998...

2009-01-01

257

29 CFR 552.108 - Child labor provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Child labor provisions. 552.108 Section...Interpretations § 552.108 Child labor provisions. Congress made...service employees. Accordingly, the child labor provisions of the Act do not...

2013-07-01

258

7 CFR 457.131 - Macadamia nut crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Macadamia nut crop insurance provisions. 457.131 Section...INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.131 Macadamia nut crop insurance provisions. The macadamia nut crop insurance provisions for the 2000 and...

2009-01-01

259

7 CFR 457.131 - Macadamia nut crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Macadamia nut crop insurance provisions. 457.131 Section...INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.131 Macadamia nut crop insurance provisions. The macadamia nut crop insurance provisions for the 2000 and...

2010-01-01

260

29 CFR 789.1 - Statutory provisions and legislative history.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Statutory provisions and legislative history. 789.1 Section 789.1 Labor... Statutory provisions and legislative history. Section 12(a) of the Act...most important portion of the legislative history of those provisions in sections...

2013-07-01

261

7 CFR 457.137 - Green pea crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...6 2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Green pea crop insurance provisions. 457.137...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.137 Green pea crop insurance provisions. The Green Pea Crop Insurance Provisions for the 1998...

2009-01-01

262

7 CFR 457.137 - Green pea crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Green pea crop insurance provisions. 457.137...COMMON CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.137 Green pea crop insurance provisions. The Green Pea Crop Insurance Provisions for the 1998...

2010-01-01

263

7 CFR 226.18 - Day care home provisions.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Day care home provisions. 226.18 Section 226...CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS CHILD AND ADULT CARE FOOD PROGRAM Operational Provisions § 226.18 Day care home provisions. (a) Day care...

2014-01-01

264

7 CFR 226.17 - Child care center provisions.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Child care center provisions. 226.17 Section...CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS CHILD AND ADULT CARE FOOD PROGRAM Operational Provisions § 226.17 Child care center provisions. (a)...

2014-01-01

265

7 CFR 457.116 - Sugarcane crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Sugarcane crop insurance provisions. 457.116...CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.116 Sugarcane crop insurance provisions. The Sugarcane Crop Insurance Provisions for the 2004...

2009-01-01

266

7 CFR 457.116 - Sugarcane crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sugarcane crop insurance provisions. 457.116...CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.116 Sugarcane crop insurance provisions. The Sugarcane Crop Insurance Provisions for the 2004...

2010-01-01

267

Small scale sanitation technologies.  

PubMed

Small scale systems can improve the sustainability of sanitation systems as they more easily close the water and nutrient loops. They also provide alternate solutions to centrally managed large scale infrastructures. Appropriate sanitation provision can improve the lives of people with inadequate sanitation through health benefits, reuse products as well as reduce ecological impacts. In the literature there seems to be no compilation of a wide range of available onsite sanitation systems around the world that encompasses black and greywater treatment plus stand-alone dry and urine separation toilet systems. Seventy technologies have been identified and classified according to the different waste source streams. Sub-classification based on major treatment methods included aerobic digestion, composting and vermicomposting, anaerobic digestion, sand/soil/peat filtration and constructed wetlands. Potential users or suppliers of sanitation systems can choose from wide range of technologies available and examine the different treatment principles used in the technologies. Sanitation systems need to be selected according to the local social, economic and environmental conditions and should aim to be sustainable. PMID:16104403

Green, W; Ho, G

2005-01-01

268

The Perfectionistic Self-Presentation Scale--Junior Form: Psychometric Properties and Association with Social Anxiety in Early Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the psychometric characteristics and correlates of the Perfectionistic Self-Presentation Scale--Junior Form (PSPS-JR). The PSPS-JR was designed for use with children and adolescents, but its psychometric properties and applications among early adolescents have not been investigated. The PSPS-JR has three subscales assessing the…

Flett, Gordon L.; Coulter, Lisa-Marie; Hewitt, Paul L.

2012-01-01

269

40 CFR 725.80 - General provisions for confidentiality claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false General provisions for confidentiality claims. 725.80 Section...PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS Confidentiality and Public Access to Information...80 General provisions for confidentiality claims. (a) A...

2010-07-01

270

40 CFR 725.80 - General provisions for confidentiality claims.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false General provisions for confidentiality claims. 725.80 Section...PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS Confidentiality and Public Access to Information...80 General provisions for confidentiality claims. (a) A...

2009-07-01

271

Multicultural Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale – Racial Diversity Form: Factor structure and test of a social cognitive model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to gather evidence on the factor structure and concurrent criterion validity of the Multicultural Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale – Racial Diversity Form (MCSE-RD; Sheu & Lent, 2007). The MCSE-RD was designed to assess therapists' perceived capabilities in performing culturally relevant in-session behaviors in cross-racial counseling. Participants were 209 students in counseling-related graduate programs in the USA. Confirmatory

Hung-Bin Sheu; Marybeth Rigali-Oiler; Robert W. Lent

2012-01-01

272

The Perfectionistic Self-Presentation Scale–Junior Form: Psychometric Properties and Association With Social Anxiety in Early Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed the psychometric characteristics and correlates of the Perfectionistic Self-Presentation Scale–Junior Form (PSPS-JR). The PSPS-JR was designed for use with children and adolescents, but its psychometric properties and applications among early adolescents have not been investigated. The PSPS-JR has three subscales assessing the perfectionistic self-promotion (i.e., the need to appear perfect), the need to avoid displaying imperfections, and

Gordon L. Flett; Lisa-Marie Coulter; Paul L. Hewitt

2012-01-01

273

Development, social norms, and assignment to task  

PubMed Central

Economic development involves a structural transformation in the way people are allocated to tasks. There is a shift from self-provision to market exchange, facilitating specialization. There is also a shift from self-employment to wage employment in large firms and organizations, driven by innovation and increasing returns to scale. Changes in allocation mechanisms require changes in norms and attitudes. Because different labor assignment domains coexist, conflicts arise among norms that apply to different domains, possibly resulting in dysfunctional outcomes. I argue that religion, humanism, and schools have all played an important historical role in fostering the changes in social norms and attitudes that are needed to accompany structural changes in the way economies allocate workers to tasks.

Fafchamps, Marcel

2011-01-01

274

Inequalities in healthcare provision for people with severe mental illness  

PubMed Central

There are many factors that contribute to the poor physical health of people with severe mental illness (SMI), including lifestyle factors and medication side effects. However, there is increasing evidence that disparities in healthcare provision contribute to poor physical health outcomes. These inequalities have been attributed to a combination of factors including systemic issues, such as the separation of mental health services from other medical services, healthcare provider issues including the pervasive stigma associated with mental illness, and consequences of mental illness and side effects of its treatment. A number of solutions have been proposed. To tackle systemic barriers to healthcare provision integrated care models could be employed including co-location of physical and mental health services or the use of case managers or other staff to undertake a co-ordination or liaison role between services. The health care sector could be targeted for programmes aimed at reducing the stigma of mental illness. The cognitive deficits and other consequences of SMI could be addressed through the provision of healthcare skills training to people with SMI or by the use of peer supporters. Population health and health promotion approaches could be developed and targeted at this population, by integrating health promotion activities across domains of interest. To date there have only been small-scale trials to evaluate these ideas suggesting that a range of models may have benefit. More work is needed to build the evidence base in this area.

Lawrence, David; Kisely, Stephen

2010-01-01

275

The birth satisfaction scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a psychometric scale – the birth satisfaction scale (BSS) – for assessing women's birth perceptions. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Literature review and transcribed research-based perceived birth satisfaction and dissatisfaction expression statements were converted into a scored questionnaire. Findings – Three overarching themes were identified: service provision (home assessment, birth environment, support, relationships

Caroline Hollins Martin; Valerie Fleming

2011-01-01

276

75 FR 72771 - Gap in Termination Provisions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LIBRARY OF CONGRESS Copyright Office 37 CFR Part 201 [Docket No...Gap in Termination Provisions AGENCY: Copyright Office, Library of Congress. ACTION...SUMMARY: The Copyright Office is proposing to amend its...

2010-11-26

277

36 CFR 1600.1 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Section 1600.1 Parks, Forests, and Public Property MORRIS K. UDALL SCHOLARSHIP AND EXCELLENCE IN NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL...provisions. (a) This subpart contains the rules that the Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National...

2010-07-01

278

36 CFR 1600.1 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Section 1600.1 Parks, Forests, and Public Property MORRIS K. UDALL SCHOLARSHIP AND EXCELLENCE IN NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL...provisions. (a) This subpart contains the rules that the Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National...

2009-07-01

279

Affordable Care Act Overview: Selected Provisions  

MedlinePLUS

... quality & efficiency More people covered Greater focus on public health & prevention Insurance exchanges Guaranteed issue Preventive services cov’ ... org/advocacy/Health+Reform/ for more ACA resources. Public health workforce devel. Affordable Care Act Overview Selected Provisions ...

280

38 CFR 53.32 - Recapture provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) PAYMENTS TO STATES FOR PROGRAMS TO PROMOTE THE HIRING AND RETENTION OF NURSES AT STATE VETERANS HOMES § 53.32 Recapture provisions. If a State fails to use the funds provided under this...

2013-07-01

281

40 CFR 86.449 - Averaging provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Emission Regulations for 1978 and Later New Motorcycles, General Provisions § 86.449 ...certification averaging program. Include only motorcycles certified under this subpart and intended...for which you manufacture or import motorcycles. (d) Calculate your...

2013-07-01

282

42 CFR 71.31 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Measures at U.S. Ports: Communicable Diseases § 71.31 General provisions. ...threat of introduction of communicable diseases into the United States, as may exist...introduction or spread of a communicable disease. The Director may issue a...

2013-10-01

283

12 CFR 1805.809 - Criminal provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...provisions. 1805.809 Section 1805.809 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS PROGRAM Terms and Conditions of Assistance §...

2012-01-01

284

50 CFR 27.41 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM PROHIBITED ACTS Disturbing Violations: With Weapons § 27.41 General provisions. Carrying, possessing, or discharging firearms, fireworks, or explosives on...

2013-10-01

285

40 CFR 63.1330 - Wastewater provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutant Emissions: Group IV Polymers and Resins § 63.1330 Wastewater provisions. ...wastewater streams that contain styrene when conducting performance tests for the purposes of calculating the required mass...

2013-07-01

286

Advance provision of emergency contraception for adolescents.  

PubMed

Emergency contraception is most effective at preventing unintended pregnancy when taken as early as possible following unprotected sexual intercourse. Advance provision of this medication supports more timely and effective use. In the midst of rising teen pregnancy rates, current policies often limit access to emergency contraception for adolescents. A literature search identified three recent experimental studies of advance provision for adolescents. This article reviews those studies and finds strong support for advance provision for adolescents. Usage of emergency contraception increased with advance provision and there was no increase in negative sexual behaviors or decrease in usage of other contraceptive forms. Implications of these findings for school nurses and school-based health center staff are also discussed. PMID:20693415

Adamji, Jehan-Marie; Swartwout, Kathryn

2010-12-01

287

25 CFR 41.27 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION GRANTS TO TRIBALLY CONTROLLED COMMUNITY COLLEGES...provisions. The general requirements for grant administration in this section are applicable to all grants provided under this subpart to the...

2011-04-01

288

25 CFR 41.11 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION GRANTS TO TRIBALLY CONTROLLED COMMUNITY COLLEGES...provisions. The general requirements for grant administration in this section are applicable to all grants provided under this subpart to...

2011-04-01

289

75 FR 81952 - Gap in Termination Provisions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LIBRARY OF CONGRESS Copyright Office 37 CFR Part...Provisions AGENCY: Copyright Office, Library of Congress. ACTION: Notice of inquiry...SUMMARY: The Copyright Office of the Library of Congress is extending the time in...

2010-12-29

290

40 CFR 304.42 - Miscellaneous provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SUPERFUND, EMERGENCY PLANNING, AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS ARBITRATION PROCEDURES FOR SMALL SUPERFUND COST RECOVERY CLAIMS Other Provisions § 304.42...

2013-07-01

291

New Approach to Air Force Provisioning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The principal objective of the first study phase was to define the correlations and/or differences between commercial and Air Force provisioning methodologies. Data was analyzed and significant operational events in the Air Force and commercial provisioni...

K. Garrison C. Tylander

1984-01-01

292

Block Grants: Federal Data Collection Provisions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The fact sheet contains information comparing statutory data collection and reporting provisions of the education block grant (Chapter 2 of the Education Consolidation and Improvement Act of 1981) with the nine other block grant programs funded in fiscal ...

1987-01-01

293

Data Provisioning Using Authoritative Data Sources.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Data Provisioning report consists of 46 presentation slides from the Proceedings of the 3rd Simulation Based Acquisition conference, held on 15 - 17 May 2OO1. The conference was sponsored by NDIA. The original document contains color images.

J. Sheehan

2001-01-01

294

40 CFR 1043.95 - Interim provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...other provisions of this part, the requirements of this part do not apply for vessels propelled by steam turbine engines or reciprocating steam engines (also known as steamships), provided they were propelled by steam engines and operated...

2010-07-01

295

40 CFR 720.80 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT PREMANUFACTURE NOTIFICATION Confidentiality and Public Access to Information § 720.80 General provisions. (a) A person may assert...

2013-07-01

296

42 CFR 88.2 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES WORLD TRADE CENTER HEALTH PROGRAM § 88.2 General provisions. (a) Designated representative. (1) An applicant,...

2012-10-01

297

12 CFR 1261.3 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 9 2012-01-01 2012-01-01...General provisions. 1261.3 Section 1261.3 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK DIRECTORS Federal...

2012-01-01

298

36 CFR 30.2 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR WHISKEYTOWN-SHASTA-TRINITY NATIONAL RECREATION AREA: ZONING STANDARDS FOR WHISKEYTOWN UNIT § 30.2 General provisions...applicable to property within the Whiskeytown Unit and which...

2010-07-01

299

District Policy and Teachers' Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policy makers increasingly include provisions aimed at fostering professional community as part of reform initiatives. Yet little is known about the impact of policy on teachers' professional relations in schools. Drawing theoretically from social capital theory and methodologically from qualitative social network analysis, this article explores…

Coburn, Cynthia E.; Russell, Jennifer Lin

2008-01-01

300

Social Policy and American Indians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the monograph is to provide schools of social work and their teachers with a central core of information concerning the policy and provisions of law that affect American Indians. The core information is selective and is presented in seven chapters. The first chapter provides a brief historical overview of the unique relationship…

Hanson, Wynne DuBray; Purcell, Patrick Frances

301

Nash social welfare orderings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper considers the problem of description of social welfare orderings (SWOs) on the entire utility (Euclidean) space Rn satisfying Scale Independence. These orderings and the functions representing them are called the Nash social welfare orderings and the Nash social welfare functions (SWFs), respectively. The more properties of the SWOs into consideration are Strong Pareto and two variants of weakening

Natalia Naumova; Elena Yanovskaya

2001-01-01

302

Robust cloud resource provisioning for cloud computing environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cloud providers can offer cloud consumers two plans to provision resources, namely reservation and on-demand plans. With the reservation plan, the consumer can reduce the total resource provisioning cost. However, this resource provisioning is challenging due to the uncertainty. For example, consumers' demand and providers' resource prices can be fluctuated. Moreover, inefficiency of resource provisioning leads to either overprovisioning or

Sivadon Chaisiri; Bu-Sung Lee; Dusit Niyato

2010-01-01

303

7 CFR 457.141 - Rice crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...definition in section 1 of the Basic Provisions, land on which...contains a concentration of salt sufficient to cause damage to...Division Provisions in the Basic Provisions that allow optional...requirements of section 3 of the Basic Provisions, you must...

2011-01-01

304

7 CFR 457.141 - Rice crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...definition in section 1 of the Basic Provisions, land on which...contains a concentration of salt sufficient to cause damage to...Division Provisions in the Basic Provisions that allow optional...requirements of section 3 of the Basic Provisions, you must...

2012-01-01

305

7 CFR 457.141 - Rice crop insurance provisions.  

...definition in section 1 of the Basic Provisions, land on which...contains a concentration of salt sufficient to cause damage to...Division Provisions in the Basic Provisions that allow optional...requirements of section 3 of the Basic Provisions, you must...

2014-01-01

306

Tenant Participation and Social Housing in the UK: Applying a Theoretical Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tenant participation is becoming an almost ubiquitous feature of the planning and provision of social housing. A range of opportunities has been (and is being) created by and for tenants to participate in the planning, provision and evaluation of housing services. Yet while local authorities and other social landlords may be keen to consult tenants, and tenants themselves often want

Richard Simmons; Johnston Birchall

2007-01-01

307

Cognitive status and analgesic provision in nursing home residents  

PubMed Central

Background: Although it is becoming acknowledged that pain management is generally poor for older people, little is known about pain management for nursing home residents in the United Kingdom, and the specific problems for those with cognitive impairments. Aims: This section of a larger study of pain aimed to explore analgesic prescription and administration according to nursing home residents' cognitive status. Design of study: A survey of nursing home residents and their medication documentation. Setting: The sample included 113 nursing home residents from 15 nursing homes in large city in the north of England. Method: Residents' cognitive status was assessed using the mini-mental state examination (MMSE). Pain was measured with a four-point verbal rating scale and a 10-point horizontal numeric rating scale. Residents' medications — including name, dose, and frequency of administration — were noted, as well as provision within the previous 24 hours. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in pain scores according to level of cognitive impairment. The prescription and administration of opioid and non-opioid analgesics were highest for residents with low cognitive impairment; these decreased as impairment increased. Those who were prescribed neither opioid nor non-opioid analgesics had significantly lower MMSE scores than those who were. A low MMSE score indicates a high level of cognitive impairment. Conclusion: It is not clear why those with greater cognitive impairment received fewer analgesics than others. More research is needed into the relationships between pain assessment, pain experience, cognitive impairment, and analgesic provision. It is likely that improvements in carers' knowledge of pain assessment and the risks and benefits of commonly used analgesics could improve analgesic provision.

Closs, S Jose; Barr, Bridget; Briggs, Michelle

2004-01-01

308

Embodied health movements: new approaches to social movements in health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social movements organised around health-related issues have been studied for almost as long as they have existed, yet social movement theory has not yet been applied to these movements. Health social movements (HSMs) are centrally organised around health, and address: (a) access to or provision of health care services; (b) health inequality and inequity based on race, ethnicity, gender, class

Phil Brown; Stephen Zavestoski; Sabrina McCormick; Brian Mayer; Rachel Morello-Frosch; Rebecca Gasior Altman

2004-01-01

309

The evolutionary and ecological roots of human social organization  

PubMed Central

Social organization among human foragers is characterized by a three-generational system of resource provisioning within families, long-term pair-bonding between men and women, high levels of cooperation between kin and non-kin, and relatively egalitarian social relationships. In this paper, we suggest that these core features of human sociality result from the learning- and skill-intensive human foraging niche, which is distinguished by a late age-peak in caloric production, high complementarity between male and female inputs to offspring viability, high gains to cooperation in production and risk-reduction, and a lack of economically defensible resources. We present an explanatory framework for understanding variation in social organization across human societies, highlighting the interactive effects of four key ecological and economic variables: (i) the role of skill in resource production; (ii) the degree of complementarity in male and female inputs into production; (iii) economies of scale in cooperative production and competition; and (iv) the economic defensibility of physical inputs into production. Finally, we apply this framework to understanding variation in social and political organization across foraging, horticulturalist, pastoralist and agriculturalist societies.

Kaplan, Hillard S.; Hooper, Paul L.; Gurven, Michael

2009-01-01

310

The evolutionary and ecological roots of human social organization.  

PubMed

Social organization among human foragers is characterized by a three-generational system of resource provisioning within families, long-term pair-bonding between men and women, high levels of cooperation between kin and non-kin, and relatively egalitarian social relationships. In this paper, we suggest that these core features of human sociality result from the learning- and skill-intensive human foraging niche, which is distinguished by a late age-peak in caloric production, high complementarity between male and female inputs to offspring viability, high gains to cooperation in production and risk-reduction, and a lack of economically defensible resources. We present an explanatory framework for understanding variation in social organization across human societies, highlighting the interactive effects of four key ecological and economic variables: (i) the role of skill in resource production; (ii) the degree of complementarity in male and female inputs into production; (iii) economies of scale in cooperative production and competition; and (iv) the economic defensibility of physical inputs into production. Finally, we apply this framework to understanding variation in social and political organization across foraging, horticulturalist, pastoralist and agriculturalist societies. PMID:19805435

Kaplan, Hillard S; Hooper, Paul L; Gurven, Michael

2009-11-12

311

42 CFR 426.400 - Procedure for filing an acceptable complaint concerning a provision (or provisions) of an LCD.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...concerning a provision (or provisions) of an LCD. 426.400 Section 426.400 Public...LOCAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS Review of an LCD § 426.400 Procedure for filing an...concerning a provision (or provisions) of an LCD. (a) The complaint. An...

2009-10-01

312

42 CFR 426.400 - Procedure for filing an acceptable complaint concerning a provision (or provisions) of an LCD.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...concerning a provision (or provisions) of an LCD. 426.400 Section 426.400 Public...LOCAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS Review of an LCD § 426.400 Procedure for filing an...concerning a provision (or provisions) of an LCD. (a) The complaint. An...

2010-10-01

313

Participant Preferences for the Provision of Registration Trials Results  

PubMed Central

Background Clinical trials leading to drug approval (registration trials) play a central role in the drug development process, and attention has recently been paid to providing trial results to participants. In the present study, we examined the preferences of participants of registration trials for the provision of trial-related information. Methods We used questionnaires to survey the preferences of registration trial participants at Tokushima University Hospital and Tokushima National Hospital. Of the 15 questions, 6 related to participant characteristics and the trials in which they participated, while 9 questions were concerned with preferences for the provision of information. A five-point scale (strongly agree, agree, neutral, disagree, and strongly disagree) was used, and positive answers (strongly agree and agree) were considered to indicate a positive preference. Results Of the 58 subjects, 1 declined, giving a response rate of 98%. More than 70% of participants preferred to obtain information, even if they had served as controls. More than 80% of participants agreed to obtain information relating to trial results, even if the results were negative, and more than 80% of participants agreed to obtain information on the labeling state of the agent, even if development had ceased. Although more than 60% of participants agreed for the provision of information on their allocation and around more than 70% agreed to the provision of information on registration trials status, significantly fewer participants with difficult-to-treat diseases (for example, neurological and malignant diseases) agreed to obtain information compared with participants with other types of diseases (for example, acute, chronic, and psychological diseases). More than 50% of participants desired information to be provided directly by the physician, while a considerable number of participants desired information by means of clinical research coordinators (CRCs) (24.4%) or by posted letter (33.3%). Conclusion The present results suggest the preferences for the provision of individual and overall information concerning research results. However, further study is warranted to determine participant preferences more precisely and the effect of the CRC-initiated infrastructure for providing information on patient satisfaction and for promoting registration trials.

Tajima, Soichiro; Akaishi, Akiyo; Miyamoto, Toshiko; Katashima, Rumi; Nakai, Kenichi; Mitsui, Takao; Yanagawa, Hiroaki

2013-01-01

314

Psychometric properties of the French version of the Karasek Job Content Questionnaire: a study of the scales of decision latitude, psychological demands, social support, and physical demands in the GAZEL cohort  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The objective of this study was to explore the psychometric properties of the French version of the Karasek Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) for the recommended scales of psychological demands, decision latitude, social support, and physical demands. Internal consistency, factorial validity, and convergent validity were examined in a large occupational cohort of men and women. Methods: This study was based

Isabelle Niedhammer

2002-01-01

315

An Examination of the First/Second-Grade Form of the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance: Factor Structure and Stability by Grade and Gender across Groups of Economically Disadvantaged Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We tested the structure of the Pictorial Scale of Competence and Social Acceptance (PSPCSA) across groups of first and second grade children from economically disadvantaged backgrounds. We used confirmatory factor analysis, including latent mean structures analysis, to test the fit of competing PSPCSA factor models and examined invariance across…

French, Brian F.; Mantzicopoulos, Panayota

2007-01-01

316

Growth of the Proprietary Sector in Social Welfare: A Challenge to the Social Policy Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapid growth of the proprietary sector in the provision of social services traditionally administered under non-profit or government auspices creates a problem and challenge for teachers of social policy. Instructors need to interpret this new trend, without much literature support, to a group of students with increasing potential for…

Ortiz, Elizabeth T.

317

Performance models oriented to the dynamic resource provisioning in shared data centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a challenge to quickly supply performance numbers online driving dynamic resource provisioning in shared centres in face of the complication of applications both in scale and architecture. In this paper, we provide a practical solution to the above problem by laying out a theoretical framework. In order to improve the representative characterization of workload, we classify the workload

Wang Xiu-wen; Qu Hai-ping; Xu Lu; Han Xiao-ming; Zhang Jian-gang

2010-01-01

318

Commodified Meanings, Meaningful Commodities: Re-thinking Production-Consumption Links through the Organic System of Provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasingly apparent risks and outright failures of industrialized and globalized food provision seems to be leaving a bad taste in many of the mouths of the global North. There is little doubt that an emerging politics feeds on the centrality of food, as both biological necessity and linchpin of human social life. While we, as agro-foodies, are well-versed in

Julie Guthman

2002-01-01

319

Agricultural Child Labor Provisions of FLSA, 1975; Hearing before the Subcommittee on Labor of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, United States Senate, Ninety-Fourth Congress, First Session (Presque Isle, Maine, January 18, 1975).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A provision of the 1974 amendments to the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) prohibited children under the age of 12 from working in agriculture, except on their parents' farms. Purpose of this provision was to codify as a matter of national social policy that children under 12 should not work for hire in agriculture or any other industry, where they…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare.

320

Flexible provisioning of web service workflows  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web services promise to revolutionize the way computational resources and business processes are offered and invoked in open, distributed systems, such as the Internet. These services are described using machine-readable metadata, which enables consumer applications to automatically discover and provision suitable services for their workflows at run-time. However, current approaches have typically assumed service descriptions are accurate and deterministic, and

Sebastian Stein; Terry R. Payne; Nicholas R. Jennings

2009-01-01

321

40 CFR 1045.701 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...certified under § 1045.660 for jet boats may use HC+NOX and CO exhaust...or trading. The FEL caps for such jet boat families are the HC+NOX and CO...engines. U.S.-directed sales from jet boat engines using the provisions of...

2010-07-01

322

40 CFR 1045.701 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...certified under § 1045.660 for jet boats may use HC+NOX and CO exhaust...or trading. The FEL caps for such jet boat families are the HC+NOX and CO...engines. U.S.-directed sales from jet boat engines using the provisions of...

2009-07-01

323

Nutrient Adequacy of Urban Food Assistance Provisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: To examine nutrient composition of a random sample of emergency food bagsContinued expansion of private food assistance has sensitized dietitians to the need to understand what foods and nutrients are being offered. Fifty-seven food assistance sites with provision of emergency food as a primary objective were sorted into strata using the number of clients served as the indicator

L. Jacobs Starkey; H. V. Kuhnlein

1996-01-01

324

40 CFR 60.755 - Compliance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Performance for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills § 60.755 Compliance provisions...expected gas generation flow rate from the landfill to determine compliance with § 60.752...mover equipment. The active life of the landfill is the age of the landfill plus the...

2013-07-01

325

40 CFR 65.66 - Recordkeeping provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

40 Protection of Environment 16 2013-07-01 2013-07-01...Section 65.66 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION...Recordkeeping provisions. (a) TRE index value records. The owner...performed to determine the TRE index value of the...

2013-07-01

326

Advance Provision of Emergency Contraception for Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emergency contraception is most effective at preventing unintended pregnancy when taken as early as possible following unprotected sexual intercourse. Advance provision of this medication supports more timely and effective use. In the midst of rising teen pregnancy rates, current policies often limit access to emergency contraception for…

Adamji, Jehan-Marie; Swartwout, Kathryn

2010-01-01

327

Provisioning virtual private networks under traffic uncertainty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract We investigate a network design problem under traffic uncertainty which arises when provisioning Virtual Private Networks (VPNs): given a set of terminals that must communicate with one another, and a set of possible traffic matrices, sufficient capacity has to be reserved on the links of the large underlying public network so as to support all possible traffic matrices while

A. Altin; Edoardo Amaldi; Pietro Belotti; Mustafa Ç. Pinar

2007-01-01

328

Provisioning algorithms for WDM optical networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper concerns connection provisioning for optical networks employing wavelength division multiplexing. A heuristic algorithm is developed and numerically studied for routing and wavelength assignment of a set of static connection requests. The algorithm runs much faster than the optimum solution of this problem. An adaptation of the algorithm is pro- posed to design restorable networks which can handle a

Murat Alanyali; Ender Ayanoglu

1999-01-01

329

Provisioning Algorithms for WDM Optical Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper concerns connection provisioning for optical networks employing wavelength division multiplexing. A heuristic algorithm is developed and numerically studied for routing and wavelength assignment of a set of static connection requests. The algorithm runs much faster than the optimum solution of this problem. An adaptation of the algorithm is pro- posed to design restorable networks which can handle a

Murat Alanyali; Ender Ayanoglu

1998-01-01

330

Provisioning Content Distribution Networks for Streaming Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops simple cost models for provisioning content distribution networks that use the simple and highly scalable bandwidth skimming protocol for streaming. New insight is obtained into (1) how cost-effective proxy servers are in multicast streaming systems, (2) the most effective streaming protocol, and (3) the optimal proxy content, as a function of the system configuration and workload. A

Jussara M. Almeida; Derek L. Eager; Michael C. Ferris; Mary K. Vernon

2002-01-01

331

40 CFR 63.501 - Wastewater provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...when conducting performance tests for the purposes of calculating the required mass removal (RMR) or the actual mass removal (AMR) under the provisions described in § 63.145(f) or § 63.145(g). For purposes of this paragraph, a process...

2013-07-01

332

Music Provision in UK Public Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public library music provision, as a less traditional role for public libraries, has always caused contention: a vital source of cultural materials within the community though never confirmed to be a core part of library services by the Government. This article concerns itself with a detailed consideration of the decline of music services over the…

Dorney, Carl; McKnight, Cliff

2004-01-01

333

Prisoner health care provision: Reflections from Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australian prisons are organised around eight state and territory jurisdictions, and a number of private prison operators. A broad range of structures have evolved over 200 years around correctional management in Australia, including the arrangements for the provision of prisoner health. This paper highlights a large number of issues to argue the complex interactions between prisoner health and “public health.”

Michael Levy

2005-01-01

334

40 CFR 1037.401 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...VEHICLES In-Use Testing § 1037.401 General provisions. We may perform in-use testing of any vehicle subject to the standards of this part. For example, we may test vehicles to verify drag areas or other GEM...

2013-07-01

335

24 CFR 5.321 - Lease provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With...provisions. (1) PHAs which have established pet rules and project owners shall ensure...tenants are permitted to keep common household pets in their dwelling units (subject to...

2013-04-01

336

Restructuring of Enterprise Social Assets in Russia: Trends, Problems, Possible Solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

August 1996What to do about social services that Russia's state enterprises have traditionally provided is a major issue in enterprise restructuring and public policy reform. If taxes and the provision of social services are rationalized at the time those social assets are divested, pioneering steps could be taken in restructuring the social sector.Public enterprises in the formerly socialist countries have

Lev M. Freinkman; Irina Starodubrovskaya

1999-01-01

337

Social Phobia (Social Anxiety Disorder)  

MedlinePLUS

What is Social Phobia (Social Anxiety Disorder) Social phobia is a strong fear of being judged by others and of being embarrassed. This ... with social phobia. Share Science News About Social Phobia Bullying Exerts Psychiatric Effects Into Adulthood Brain Imaging ...

338

40 CFR 76.3 - General Acid Rain Program provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-07-01 false General Acid Rain Program provisions. 76.3 Section... AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) ACID RAIN NITROGEN OXIDES EMISSION REDUCTION PROGRAM § 76.3 General Acid Rain Program provisions. The...

2009-07-01

339

40 CFR 76.3 - General Acid Rain Program provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false General Acid Rain Program provisions. 76.3 Section... AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) ACID RAIN NITROGEN OXIDES EMISSION REDUCTION PROGRAM § 76.3 General Acid Rain Program provisions. The...

2010-07-01

340

48 CFR 2016.307-70 - Contract provisions and clauses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Contract provisions and clauses. 2016.307-70 Section 2016.307-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System...TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost Reimbursement Contracts 2016.307-70 Contract provisions and...

2009-10-01

341

48 CFR 2016.307-70 - Contract provisions and clauses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 true Contract provisions and clauses. 2016.307-70 Section 2016.307-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System...TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost Reimbursement Contracts 2016.307-70 Contract provisions and...

2010-10-01

342

25 CFR 168.12 - Special permit requirements and provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Special permit requirements and provisions. 168.12 Section 168.12 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF...REGULATIONS FOR THE HOPI PARTITIONED LANDS AREA § 168.12 Special permit requirements and provisions....

2011-04-01

343

14 CFR 27.563 - Structural ditching provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Conditions § 27.563 Structural ditching provisions. If certification with ditching provisions is requested, structural strength for ditching must meet the requirements of...wave for reasonably probable water conditions at forward...

2010-01-01

344

14 CFR 29.563 - Structural ditching provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Conditions § 29.563 Structural ditching provisions. If certification with ditching provisions is requested, structural strength for ditching must meet the requirements of...wave for reasonably probable water conditions at forward...

2009-01-01

345

14 CFR 27.563 - Structural ditching provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Conditions § 27.563 Structural ditching provisions. If certification with ditching provisions is requested, structural strength for ditching must meet the requirements of...wave for reasonably probable water conditions at forward...

2009-01-01

346

14 CFR 29.563 - Structural ditching provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Conditions § 29.563 Structural ditching provisions. If certification with ditching provisions is requested, structural strength for ditching must meet the requirements of...wave for reasonably probable water conditions at forward...

2010-01-01

347

48 CFR 15.408 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Solicitation provisions and contract clauses. 15.408 Section 15.408 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL...TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing 15.408 Solicitation provisions and contract...

2013-10-01

348

48 CFR 1813.302-570 - NASA solicitation provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false NASA solicitation provisions. 1813.302-570...Acquisition Methods 1813.302-570 NASA solicitation provisions. (a...the type normally acquired from higher education institutions (see FAR 26.3)....

2009-10-01

349

48 CFR 1813.302-570 - NASA solicitation provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true NASA solicitation provisions. 1813.302-570...Acquisition Methods 1813.302-570 NASA solicitation provisions. (a...the type normally acquired from higher education institutions (see FAR 26.3)....

2010-10-01

350

29 CFR 570.102 - General scope of statutory provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS CHILD LABOR REGULATIONS, ORDERS AND STATEMENTS...Statements of Interpretation of the Child Labor Provisions of the Fair Labor Standards... The most important of the child labor provisions are...

2013-07-01

351

21 CFR 179.25 - General provisions for food irradiation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... true General provisions for food irradiation. 179.25 Section 179.25 Food...FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) IRRADIATION IN THE PRODUCTION, PROCESSING AND HANDLING...179.25 General provisions for food irradiation. For the purposes of §...

2010-01-01

352

21 CFR 179.25 - General provisions for food irradiation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false General provisions for food irradiation. 179.25 Section 179.25 Food...FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED) IRRADIATION IN THE PRODUCTION, PROCESSING AND HANDLING...179.25 General provisions for food irradiation. For the purposes of §...

2009-04-01

353

20 CFR 416.1261 - Application of special resource provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Application of special resource provision. 416.1261 Section 416...FOR THE AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED Resources and Exclusions § 416.1261 Application of special resource provision. In determining the...

2013-04-01

354

49 CFR 172.507 - Special placarding provisions: Highway.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Special placarding provisions: Highway. 172.507 Section 172.507 Transportation...507 Special placarding provisions: Highway. (a) Each motor vehicle used to transport a package of highway route controlled quantity Class...

2013-10-01

355

42 CFR 136.340 - Provision of continuing education allowances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Provision of continuing education allowances. 136.340 Section 136...Programs Subdivision J-5-Continuing Education Allowances § 136.340 Provision of continuing education allowances. In order to...

2012-10-01

356

50 CFR 660.120 - Trawl fishery-crossover provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Trawl fishery-crossover provisions. 660.120 Section 660.120 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION...Coast Groundfish-Limited Entry Trawl Fisheries § 660.120 Trawl fisheryâcrossover provisions....

2013-10-01

357

47 CFR 80.141 - General provisions for ship stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false General provisions for ship stations. 80.141 Section 80.141 ...Requirements and Procedures Special Procedures-Ship Stations § 80.141 General provisions for ship stations. (a) Points of...

2012-10-01

358

47 CFR 80.141 - General provisions for ship stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false General provisions for ship stations. 80.141 Section 80.141 ...Requirements and Procedures Special Procedures-Ship Stations § 80.141 General provisions for ship stations. (a) Points of...

2011-10-01

359

40 CFR 75.70 - NOX mass emissions provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false NOX mass emissions provisions. 75...CONTINUOUS EMISSION MONITORING NOX Mass Emissions Provisions § 75...necessary, density or specific gravity, from a sample taken an analyzed...by the State or federal NOX mass emission reduction...

2010-07-01

360

40 CFR 75.70 - NOX mass emissions provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false NOX mass emissions provisions. 75...CONTINUOUS EMISSION MONITORING NOX Mass Emissions Provisions § 75...necessary, density or specific gravity, from a sample taken an analyzed...by the State or federal NOX mass emission reduction...

2009-07-01

361

40 CFR 75.70 - NOX mass emissions provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false NOX mass emissions provisions. 75...CONTINUOUS EMISSION MONITORING NOX Mass Emissions Provisions § 75...necessary, density or specific gravity, from a sample taken an analyzed...by the State or federal NOX mass emission reduction...

2013-07-01

362

12 CFR 226.12 - Special credit card provisions.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Special credit card provisions. 226.12 Section 226.12... TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z) Open-End Credit § 226.12 Special credit card provisions. (a) Issuance of credit...

2014-01-01

363

12 CFR 1026.12 - Special credit card provisions.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Special credit card provisions. 1026.12 Section 1026... TRUTH IN LENDING (REGULATION Z) Open-End Credit § 1026.12 Special credit card provisions. (a) Issuance of credit...

2014-01-01

364

47 CFR 80.141 - General provisions for ship stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false General provisions for ship stations. 80.141 Section 80.141 ...Requirements and Procedures Special Procedures-Ship Stations § 80.141 General provisions for ship stations. (a) Points of...

2009-10-01

365

47 CFR 80.141 - General provisions for ship stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false General provisions for ship stations. 80.141 Section 80.141 ...Requirements and Procedures Special Procedures-Ship Stations § 80.141 General provisions for ship stations. (a) Points of...

2010-10-01

366

47 CFR 80.141 - General provisions for ship stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false General provisions for ship stations. 80.141 Section 80.141 ...Requirements and Procedures Special Procedures-Ship Stations § 80.141 General provisions for ship stations. (a) Points of...

2013-10-01

367

40 CFR 63.1405 - Continuous process vent provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 true Continuous process vent provisions...Pollutant Emissions: Manufacture of Amino/Phenolic Resins § 63.1405 Continuous process vent provisions...standards. For each continuous process vent...

2010-07-01

368

40 CFR 63.1405 - Continuous process vent provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Continuous process vent provisions...Pollutant Emissions: Manufacture of Amino/Phenolic Resins § 63.1405 Continuous process vent provisions...standards. For each continuous process vent...

2013-07-01

369

40 CFR 63.1405 - Continuous process vent provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Continuous process vent provisions...Pollutant Emissions: Manufacture of Amino/Phenolic Resins § 63.1405 Continuous process vent provisions...standards. For each continuous process vent...

2009-07-01

370

48 CFR 1828.101-70 - NASA solicitation provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true NASA solicitation provision. 1828.101-70 Section 1828.101-70...REQUIREMENTS BONDS AND INSURANCE Bonds 1828.101-70 NASA solicitation provision. The contracting officer shall...

2010-10-01

371

48 CFR 1828.101-70 - NASA solicitation provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false NASA solicitation provision. 1828.101-70 Section 1828.101-70...REQUIREMENTS BONDS AND INSURANCE Bonds 1828.101-70 NASA solicitation provision. The contracting officer shall...

2011-10-01

372

48 CFR 1815.209-70 - NASA solicitation provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true NASA solicitation provisions. 1815.209-70 Section 1815...Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information 1815.209-70 NASA solicitation provisions. (a) The contracting...

2010-10-01

373

48 CFR 1814.201-670 - NASA solicitation provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false NASA solicitation provisions. 1814.201-670 Section 1814... SEALED BIDDING Solicitation of Bids 1814.201-670 NASA solicitation provisions. (a) The contracting...

2011-10-01

374

48 CFR 1814.201-670 - NASA solicitation provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false NASA solicitation provisions. 1814.201-670 Section 1814... SEALED BIDDING Solicitation of Bids 1814.201-670 NASA solicitation provisions. (a) The contracting...

2012-10-01

375

48 CFR 1813.302-570 - NASA solicitation provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false NASA solicitation provisions. 1813.302-570 Section 1813...PROCEDURES Simplified Acquisition Methods 1813.302-570 NASA solicitation provisions. (a)(1) The...

2013-10-01

376

48 CFR 1815.209-70 - NASA solicitation provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false NASA solicitation provisions. 1815.209-70 Section 1815...Solicitation and Receipt of Proposals and Information 1815.209-70 NASA solicitation provisions. (a) The contracting...

2013-10-01

377

48 CFR 1828.101-70 - NASA solicitation provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false NASA solicitation provision. 1828.101-70 Section 1828.101-70...REQUIREMENTS BONDS AND INSURANCE Bonds 1828.101-70 NASA solicitation provision. The contracting officer shall...

2013-10-01

378

48 CFR 1814.201-670 - NASA solicitation provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false NASA solicitation provisions. 1814.201-670 Section 1814... SEALED BIDDING Solicitation of Bids 1814.201-670 NASA solicitation provisions. (a) The contracting...

2013-10-01

379

49 CFR 172.510 - Special placarding provisions: Rail.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Special placarding provisions: Rail. 172.510 Section 172.510 Transportation...510 Special placarding provisions: Rail. (a) White square background. ...EXPLOSIVES 1.2 placards affixed to the rail car; (2) Materials classed in...

2013-10-01

380

7 CFR 457.150 - Dry bean crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Dry bean crop insurance provisions. 457.150 Section...CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.150 Dry bean crop insurance provisions. The dry bean crop insurance provisions for the 2003 and...

2010-01-01

381

7 CFR 457.150 - Dry bean crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Dry bean crop insurance provisions. 457.150 Section...CROP INSURANCE REGULATIONS § 457.150 Dry bean crop insurance provisions. The dry bean crop insurance provisions for the 2003 and...

2009-01-01

382

Capacity performance of dynamic provisioning in optical networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an architecture and analyzes the performance of dynamic provisioning of lightpaths in an optical network. In dynamic provisioning, a lightpath is set up in real-time without rearranging the working and protection routes of existing lightpaths, and without the knowledge of future lightpath provisioning events. This paper develops a general model of the physical topology of the optical

Ramu Ramamurthy; Zbigniew Bogdanowicz; Shahrokh Samieian; Debanjan Saha; Bala Rajagopalan; Sudipta Sengupta; Sid Chaudhuri; Krishna Bala

2001-01-01

383

Optimization of Resource Provisioning Cost in Cloud Computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In cloud computing, cloud providers can offer cloud consumers two provisioning plans for computing resources, namely reservation and on-demand plans. In general, cost of utilizing computing resources provisioned by reservation plan is cheaper than that provisioned by on-demand plan, since cloud consumer has to pay to provider in advance. With the reservation plan, the consumer can reduce the total resource

Sivadon Chaisiri; Bu-Sung Lee; Dusit Niyato

2012-01-01

384

29 CFR 780.305 - 500 man-day provision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false 500 man-day provision. 780.305 Section 780... Statutory Provisions § 780.305 500 man-day provision. (a) Section 3(u) of the Act defines man-day to mean âany day during which...

2013-07-01

385

Provision of genetic services in Europe: current practices and issues.  

PubMed

This paper examines the professional and scientific views on the social, ethical and legal issues that impact on the provision of genetic services in Europe. Many aspects have been considered, such as the definition and the aims of genetic services, their organization, the quality assessment, public education, as well as the partnership with patients support groups and the multicultural aspects. The methods was primarily the analysis of professional guidelines, legal frameworks and other documents related to the organization of genetic services, mainly from Europe, but also from USA and international organizations. Then, the method was to examine the background data emerging from an updated report produced by the Concerted Action on Genetic Services in Europe, as well as the issues debated by 43 experts from 17 European countries invited to an international workshop organized by the European Society of Human Genetics Public and Professional Policy Committee in Helsinki, Finland, 8 and 9 September 2000. Some conclusions were identified from the ESHG workshop to arrive at outlines for optimal genetic services. Participants were concerned about equal accessibility and effectiveness of clinical genetic services, quality assessment of services, professional education, multidisciplinarity and division of tasks as well as networking. Within European countries, adherence to the organizational principles of prioritization, regionalization and integration into related health services would maximize equal accessibility and effectiveness of genetic actions. There is a need for harmonization of the rules involved in financial coverage of DNA tests in order to make these available to all Europeans. Clear guidelines for the best practice will ensure that the provision of genetic services develops in a way that is beneficial to its customers, be they health professionals or the public, especially since the coordination of clinical, laboratory and research perspectives within a single organizational structure permits a degree of coherence not often found in other specialties. PMID:14718937

Godard, Béatrice; Kääriäinen, Helena; Kristoffersson, Ulf; Tranebjaerg, Lisbeth; Coviello, Domenico; Aymé, Ségolène

2003-12-01

386

Provision of assistive technology services method (ATSM) according to evidence-based information and knowledge management.  

PubMed

PURPOSE. This article develops a standardised method for assistive technology service (ATS) provision and a logical basis for research to improve health care quality. The method is 'interoperable' across disabilities, disciplines, assistive technology devices and ATSs. BACKGROUND. Absence of a standardised and interoperable method for ATS provision results in ineffective communication between providers, manufacturers, researchers, policy-makers and individuals with disabilities (IWD), a fragmented service delivery system, inefficient resource allocation and sub-optimal outcomes. OBJECTIVES. Synthesise a standardised, interoperable AT service method (ATSM) fully consistent with key guidelines, systems, models and Federal legislation. Express the ATSM using common and unambiguous language. RESULTS. Guidelines, systems, models and Federal legislation relevant to ATS provision are reviewed. These include the RESNA Guidelines for Knowledge and Skills for Provision of Assistive Technology Products and Services (RESNA Guidelines), IMPACT2 model, international classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF) and AT device classification (ATDC). Federal legislation includes the Assistive Technology Act of 2004, Americans with Disabilities Act of 2008 and Social Security Act. Based on these findings, the ATSM is synthesised and translated into common and accessible language. CONCLUSION. ATSM usage will improve communication between stakeholders, service delivery coherence, resource allocation and intervention outcomes. PMID:21345000

Elsaesser, Linda-Jeanne; Bauer, Stephen M

2011-01-01

387

Virtual Enterprises for Integrated Energy Service Provision  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Holistic Energy Service Provision has the potential to provide new business opportunities for Facility Management Companies, Building Managers, Energy Providers, Maintenance Providers and many other stakeholders currently working in the area of building design, construction, building operation, energy management, maintenance, etc. since customers wish to get access to all services related to energy supply, energy consumption and building services maintenance through a “one-stop-shop”.

Allan, Luke; Menzel, Karsten

388

The Provision of Incentives in Firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of the existing theoretical and empirical work on the provision of incentives. It reviews the costs and benefits of many types of pay-for-performance, such as piece rates, promotions, and long-term incentives. The main conclusions are (i) while there is considerable evidence that individuals respond to pay-for-performance, there is less evidence that contracts are designed as

Canice Prendergast

1999-01-01

389

Young homeless people and service provision.  

PubMed

This paper focuses on access to services, and views of service provision amongst young homeless people aged 14-25 years. Two hundred young homeless people were interviewed in locations throughout Greater Manchester, the majority in towns surrounding the city of Manchester. A semistructured interview schedule was used with interviews being taped and transcribed to provide additional qualitative data. The operational definition of homelessness included not only those who were roofless, but also those residing in hostels, bed and breakfast accommodation, or staying temporarily with friends. Topics examined include: access to services such as housing, health, advice and information; appraisal of service provision; confidence in securing help; and the use of both formal and informal support services. Results show that the provision and use of services for young homeless people varies widely across the county, with the majority of services being concentrated in the city of Manchester. Respondents made good use of certain services such as streetwork agencies, but exhibited a lack of confidence in securing help with the most basic needs, such as food. A desire to avoid being labelled as 'homeless' appeared to make some people unwilling to make use of non-statutory agencies specifically for homeless people. Overall, respondents found particular difficulties in accessing help from statutory services, such as housing and health. Findings point to the necessity of providing adequately resourced services which reach out to young homeless people. PMID:11560618

Reid, Paul; Klee, Hilary

1999-01-01

390

Scaling Satan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence on social behavior of beliefs in Satan and the nature of evil has received little empirical study. Elaine Pagels (1995) in her book, The Origin of Satan, argued that Christians' intolerance toward others is due to their belief in an active Satan. In this study, more than 200 college undergraduates completed the Manitoba Prejudice Scale and the Attitudes

Keith M. Wilson; Jennifer L. Huff

2001-01-01

391

40 CFR 1039.630 - What are the economic hardship provisions for equipment manufacturers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false What are the economic hardship provisions for equipment...Provisions § 1039.630 What are the economic hardship provisions for equipment...manufacturers? If you qualify for the economic hardship provisions...

2013-07-01

392

Social dominance orientation and opinions about what is America's most serious social problem.  

PubMed

This study tested whether a measure of Social Dominance Orientation was associated with opinions about America's most serious social problem. 150 undergraduates enrolled in social problems classes responded to the 14-item scale and to an open-ended question, "In your opinion, what is the most serious social problem in our country today?". Analysis shows that mean scale scores differed significantly across social problem responses. Correspondence analysis, plotting association between scale scores and social problem responses, was interpreted as support for social dominance theory. Higher scale scores were associated with problems of crime and negative values and lower scores with problems of education and racism. PMID:16279314

Harrod, Wendy J

2005-08-01

393

Social Phobia and Social Anxiety as Components of Shyness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the conceptual nature of shyness by examining its relationship with social phobia and social anxiety in a non-clinical sample. The participants in the present study were 132 introductory psychology students who completed the Cheek-Buss Shyness Scale (CBSS), Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN), and Liebowitz…

Carducci, Bernardo J.; Hutzel, Karen; Morrison, Erin; Weyer, Christina Y.

394

Globalisation and social policy.  

PubMed

This paper discusses six major themes: that economic and social issues are closely interdependent and that the appropriate stance is to work on both together, simultaneously; that though the threats from globalisation have been exaggerated, there can be substantial costs as well as considerable benefits; that constraints on national policy are significant but are less severe than is commonly considered; that the vitality-the vigour-of national and international political processes must be increased to cope effectively with the changes which are underway; that the private sector, unions and civil society have crucial roles in the provision of services and in advocating socially responsible values, standards and policies; and that one of the most effective means of addressing the erosion of national autonomy from globalisation is for countries to cooperate in setting and implementing shared objectives and international standards and establishing more global public goods. PMID:12219761

Langmore, J

2001-01-01

395

EQUITY VS. INVISIBILITY: SEXUAL ORIENTATION ISSUES IN SOCIAL WORK CURRICULA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: The responsibility of the social work profession to be inclusive and equitable in its service provision is reviewed via policies relating to professional training regarding sexual orientation issues. A comparative review of Canada, the United States of America (USA) and United Kingdom (UK) and international standards regarding sexual orientation issues in social work codes of ethics and curricula policies

Nick Mulé

396

Major Federal Regulations Governing Social Science Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides administrators, project leaders, and researchers with information about major federal regulations governing research in the social sciences. The report is presented in five major chapters. Chapter I identifies the report's limitations. For example, it describes only statutory and regulatory provisions and covers only domestic…

Gandara, Arturo

397

A social skills group for autistic children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evolution and preliminary evaluation of a social skills training group for 10 autistic children aged between 9 and 16 years was described. These children attended a special unit which aimed to integrate them into normal school provision. The paper consists of a description of the evolution of the group and the training methods employed and an evaluation of the

T. I. Williams

1989-01-01

398

45 CFR 98.16 - Plan provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...care, pursuant to § 98.51; (i) A description of the sliding fee scale(s) (including any factors other than income and family size used in establishing the fee scale(s)) that provide(s) for cost sharing by the families that...

2013-10-01

399

[Depersonalization, social phobia and shame].  

PubMed

Associations between depersonalization (DP) and social phobia (SP) were described in the early scientific literature. This connection, however, has not yet been considered in the recent empirical literature and clinical trials on SP. The aim of this study is to examine these associations. In a sample of 100 consecutive inpatients we compare 45 patients with pathological DP to 55 patients without pathological DP with respect to comorbidity and the degree of social anxieties assessed with the SOCIAL INTERACTION ANXIETY SCALE (SIAS) and with the SOCIAL PHOBIA SCALE (SPS) and the extent of shame assessed with the INTERNALIZED SHAME SCALE (ISS). Social phobia was significantly more prevalent in the patients with pathological DP. Furthermore, the patients with pathological DP showed a significantly larger extent of social anxieties (SIAS, SPS) and shame (ISS). The results may be considered as a preliminary empirical support of the assumed associations and thus warrant an enhanced consideration of DP in therapy and research of social anxiety disorders. PMID:17031770

Michal, Matthias; Heidenreich, Thomas; Engelbach, Ute; Lenz, Cynthia; Overbeck, Gerd; Beutel, Manfred; Grabhorn, Ralph

2006-01-01

400

On-Demand Provisioning of Data-Aggregation Requests over WDM Mesh Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many large-scale scientific applications need to aggregate large amounts of data from multiple distributed sites to a centralized facility. We call such a request as a data-aggregation request (DAR). In this study, we investigate the novel problem of on-demand DAR provisioning over a wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) backbone network. We provide a mathematical formulation for our problem as a mixed integer

Dragos Andrei; Massimo Tornatore; Dipak Ghosal; Charles U. Martel; Biswanath Mukherjee

2008-01-01

401

On-Demand Provisioning of Data-Aggregation Sessions Over WDM Optical Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider efficient network provisioning algorithms for applications that aggregate large data files from multiple remote sites to a central facility (where the aggregated data is further processed). Many important bandwidth-hungry scientific applications use such data aggregation, and it is important to efficiently use network resources to meet their requirements. We term an entire large-scale data-aggregation session as a data-aggregation

Dragos Andrei; Massimo Tornatore; Dipak Ghosal; Charles U. Martel; Biswanath Mukherjee

2009-01-01

402

Infant behaviors influence mothers' provision of responsive and directive behaviors.  

PubMed

Mother-infant interactions are important to infant development because they are predictive of infants' social, cognitive, and language development (Lamb, Bornstein, & Teti, 2002; Tamis-LeMonda, Bornstein, & Baumwell, 2001). Because maternal responsive and directive behaviors are associated with differential infant outcomes, it is important to investigate influences on mothers' provision of responsive and directive behaviors. Yet, the dyadic interaction literature is predominantly unidirectional from maternal behavior to infant outcomes. Therefore, the current study examined infant initiating behaviors and consequent maternal responses in a sample of 26 13-month-old infants and their mothers, videotaped during 5min of free-play. Findings revealed that infants produced a variety of initiatives, and that these different infant initiatives prompted differential patterns of maternal responsive versus directive behaviors. Further, results of analyses of divergent types of maternal directive behaviors - Responsive Directives, ReDirectives, and Intrusive Directives - also may help clarify major discrepancies in the current literature regarding the positive and negative effects of maternal directiveness. PMID:24813587

Lloyd, Carrie A; Masur, Elise Frank

2014-08-01

403

Household and kin provisioning by Hadza men.  

PubMed

We use data collected among Hadza hunter-gatherers between 2005 and 2009 to examine hypotheses about the causes and consequences of men's foraging and food sharing. We find that Hadza men foraged for a range of food types, including fruit, honey, small animals, and large game. Large game were shared not like common goods, but in ways that significantly advantaged producers' households. Food sharing and consumption data show that men channeled the foods they produced to their wives, children, and their consanguineal and affinal kin living in other households. On average, single men brought food to camp on 28% of days, married men without children at home on 31% of days, and married men with children at home on 42% of days. Married men brought fruit, the least widely shared resource, to camp significantly more often than single men. A model of the relationship between hunting success and household food consumption indicates that the best hunters provided 3-4 times the amount of food to their families than median or poor hunters. These new data fill important gaps in our knowledge of the subsistence economy of the Hadza and uphold predictions derived from the household and kin provisioning hypotheses. Key evidence and assumptions backing prior claims that Hadza hunting is largely a form of status competition were not replicated in our study. In light of this, family provisioning is a more viable explanation for why good hunters are preferred as husbands and have higher fertility than others. PMID:23813245

Wood, Brian M; Marlowe, Frank W

2013-09-01

404

Supporting Effective Communication and Workflows in Social Science Research: Findings and Summary of a Group Discussion  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the end of 2010, at an event hosted by SAGE and facilitated by the Research Information Network, a group of academic librarians and doctoral researchers came together to discuss the provision of information services for researchers in the social sciences. The event was designed to both explore ways of improving the provision and consumption of information during the research

Bernie Folan

2012-01-01

405

Provisioning offspring and others: risk-energy trade-offs and gender differences in hunter-gatherer foraging strategies.  

PubMed

Offspring provisioning is commonly referenced as the most important influence on men's and women's foraging decisions. However, the provisioning of other adults may be equally important in determining gender differences in resource choice, particularly when the goals of provisioning offspring versus others cannot be met with the acquisition of the same resources. Here, we examine how resources vary in their expected daily energetic returns and in the variance or risk around those returns. We predict that when available resources impose no trade-off between risk and energy, the targets of men's and women's foraging will converge on high-energy, low-risk resources that allow for the simultaneous provisioning of offspring and others. However, when minimizing risk and maximizing energy trade-off with one another, we expect men's foraging to focus on provisioning others through the unreliable acquisition of large harvests, while women focus on reliably acquiring smaller harvests to feed offspring. We test these predictions with foraging data from three populations (Aché, Martu and Meriam). The results uphold the predictions, suggesting that men's and women's foraging interests converge when high-energy resources can be reliably acquired, but diverge when higher-energy resources are associated with higher levels of risk. Social factors, particularly the availability of alloparental support, may also play a major role. PMID:21227967

Codding, Brian F; Bird, Rebecca Bliege; Bird, Douglas W

2011-08-22

406

78 FR 12129 - Rescission of Social Security Acquiescence Rulings 92-2(6)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...notice of the rescission of Social Security AR 92-2(6). DATES...Office of Disability Programs, Social Security Administration, 6401...holding in a decision of a United States Court of Appeals that we determine...interpretation of a provision of the Social Security Act (the Act)...

2013-02-21

407

Autonomic Provisioning of Backend Databases in Dynamic Content Web Servers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In autonomic provisioning, a resource manager allocates resources to an application, on-demand, e.g., during load spikes. Modelling-based approaches have proved very successful for provisioning the web and application server tiers in dynamic content servers. On the other hand, accurately modelling the behavior of the back-end database server tier is a daunting task. Hence, automated provisioning of database replicas has received

Jin Chen; Gokul Soundararajan; Cristiana Amza

2006-01-01

408

Economics of buffer space provisioning in data communication systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In data communication systems, system designers often face the quintessential dilemma of how much buffer space for storing packet or cell data is to be provided to satisfy performance requirements cost effectively. The dilemma is created by the pitfalls associated with the over-provisioning and the under-provisioning of buffer space. Over-provisioning of buffer space triggers increased system cost in terms of

S. Varada

2001-01-01

409

48 CFR 5119.1071 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SMALL BUSINESS AND SMALL DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS CONCERNS Small Business Competitiveness Demonstration Program 5119.1071 Solicitation provisions and contract clauses. (a) DFARS...

2013-10-01

410

7 CFR 1703.127 - Application selection provisions.  

...Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RURAL DEVELOPMENT Distance Learning and Telemedicine Grant Program § 1703.127 Application selection provisions. (a) Applications will be selected for...

2014-01-01

411

7 CFR 1703.127 - Application selection provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RURAL DEVELOPMENT Distance Learning and Telemedicine Grant Program § 1703.127 Application selection provisions. (a) Applications will be selected for...

2011-01-01

412

7 CFR 1703.127 - Application selection provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RURAL DEVELOPMENT Distance Learning and Telemedicine Grant Program § 1703.127 Application selection provisions. (a) Applications will be selected for...

2010-01-01

413

7 CFR 1703.127 - Application selection provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RURAL DEVELOPMENT Distance Learning and Telemedicine Grant Program § 1703.127 Application selection provisions. (a) Applications will be selected for...

2012-01-01

414

"Why Didn't They Teach Us Any of This before?": Youth Appraisal of Turkish Provision in Victoria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines youth assessment of the quality and success of languages provision. The discussion draws on data collected from students and graduates of Victoria's 16 secondary Turkish programs in large-scale surveys (n=858) and follow-up interviews (n=177). Surveys revealed that upper secondary Turkish classrooms serve predominantly…

Beykont, Zeynep F.

2012-01-01

415

Change trends of food provisions in China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper analyzes change trend of farmland food production, grassland food provision, marine and inland aquatic products, and imports and exports in terms of calorie, protein and fat under consideration of Grain-for-Green program and urbanization. The analysis shows that annual mean production of farmland in the first period from the year of 1985 to 1995 was calorie of 1,179,629,173 million kcal, protein of 35,720 million kg and fat of 11,752 million kg on an average. In the second period from 1995 to 2005, farmland provision was 1,389,489,929 million kcal, 42,880 million kg of protein and 16,694 million kg of fat. Calorie production increased by 209,860,756 million kcal, protein by 7160 million kg, and fat by 4943 million kg annually. Annual grassland provision was 318,964.1 million kg of dry biomass during the period from 1982 to 1992 and decreased by 3159.3 million kg during the period from 1992 to 2002 on an average. Total aquatic production, including marine and inland aquatic products, has a considerable increasing trend since 1998 and reached to 49,017.17 million kg in 2004. Net imports, imports subtracting from exports, became bigger than zero greatly since 1995 and net imports of calorie increased to 121,460,766 million kcal, protein 7546 million kg and fat 5880 million kg in 2004. China supplied calorie for 1917 million persons, protein for 2193 million persons and fat for 1111 million persons under primary well-to-do life in 2004. China had a great problem of fat shortage. If foods on the first trophic level such as grain, beans and oil-crops were appropriately converted into foods on the second trophic level such as meats, China would find a solution for fat shortage problem and could supply food for 1534 million persons, 1500 million persons and 1411 million persons under primary well-to-do life, full well-to-do life and well-off life respectively in 2004 in terms of a model for balancing nutrients.

Yue, Tian-Xiang; Wang, Qing; Lu, Yi-Ming; Xin, Xiao-Ping; Zhang, Hong-Bing; Wu, Shi-Xin

2010-06-01

416

Eye Tracking Technique for Product Information Provision  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is about the study of the design of the product information provision system using eye tracking, which helps users in deciding over purchase of the product, with a system to provide product information that the user needs by tracking eye gaze of the user via Smart phone. The system provides the user with information of the product that attracts the user's eye, by means of users' eye tracking, user information confirmation using face recognition and user's preference for product. Therefore, once it is determined that the user requires a product, the server sends the product information stored in the product information database to the user's Smart phone to provide information the user requires. The customer, provided with product information in real time, can purchase the product that he/she wants efficiently, and avoid excessive consumption with accurate product information.

Kim, Seoksoo

417

Using a Readiness Scale for Re-integrating Pupils with Social, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties from a Nurture Group into Their Mainstream Classroom: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the evolution of the Nurture Group Reintegration Readiness Scale, a scale that helps identify needs of students with emotional and behavioral disorders. Two case studies are provided to illustrate the kinds of progress that can be made by students with emotional and behavioral disorders using nurturing approaches. (Contains…

Doyle, Rebecca

2001-01-01

418

Injunctive Social Norms Primacy over Descriptive Social Norms in Retirement Savings Decisions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consistent with the global trend to shift responsibility for retirement income provision from the public purse to individuals has been encouragement to save more and to manage investment strategy. Analyzing data from 2,300 respondents to a randomly distributed questionnaire, this article focuses on the motivational importance of social norms. The…

Croy, Gerry; Gerrans, Paul; Speelman, Craig

2010-01-01

419

Health, wellbeing and nutritional status of older people living in UK care homes: an exploratory evaluation of changes in food and drink provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Food and drink are important determinants of physical and social health in care home residents. This study explored whether a pragmatic methodology including routinely collected data was feasible in UK care homes, to describe the health, wellbeing and nutritional status of care home residents and assess effects of changed provision of food and drink at three care homes on

Andrea Kenkmann; Gill M Price; Joanne Bolton; Lee Hooper

2010-01-01

420

A comparison of the energy and carbon implications of new systems of energy provision in new build housing in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

The built environment needs to develop sustainable, decarbonised, low energy systems and approaches that are socially acceptable and economically beneficial. The UK mainstream house construction industry is being driven, through policy and regulation, towards achieving this end without evidence of how these new systems of provision are used by passively adopting households. In this paper energy use, consequential emissions of

J. Monahan; J. C. Powell

2011-01-01

421

29 CFR 553.201 - Statutory provisions: section 7(k).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Statutory provisions: section 7(k). 553.201 Section 553.201 Labor Regulations...Principles § 553.201 Statutory provisions: section 7(k). (a) Section 7(k) of the Act provides a partial overtime...

2013-07-01

422

40 CFR 51.118 - Stack height provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Stack height provisions. 51.118 Section 51... Control Strategy § 51.118 Stack height provisions. (a) The plan must...affected by so much of any source's stack height that exceeds good engineering...

2013-07-01

423

Organic Food and the Plural Moralities of Food Provisioning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is twofold. The first aim is to unfold the moral complexity of organic food consumption as part of household food provisioning. By acknowledging this complexity, and the difficulty of determining what is "good" and "right" in food provisioning, the idea is to allow for a better understanding of how organic food may, or may…

Andersen, Anne Holst

2011-01-01

424

48 CFR 247.574 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Use the provision at 252.247-7026, Evaluation Preference...carriage of cargo for DoD. See 247.573-3 for reporting of the...response to the provision. See 247.573-2(c)(3) for the...as amended at 59 FR 10580, Mar. 7, 1994; 60 FR 29501,...

2009-10-01

425

48 CFR 247.574 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Use the provision at 252.247-7026, Evaluation Preference...carriage of cargo for DoD. See 247.573-3 for reporting of the...response to the provision. See 247.573-2(c)(3) for the...as amended at 59 FR 10580, Mar. 7, 1994; 60 FR 29501,...

2010-10-01

426

State Legal Standards for the Provision of Public Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compiles summaries of the state legal standards governing public elementary and secondary education. The legal standards include state constitutional provisions, state statutory provisions, rules and regulations officially promulgated by either state boards of education or state departments of education, and less formal state…

National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.

427

Cooperative Discovery for User-Centered Web Service Provisioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present means of personaliz ation for user-centered Web services provisioning. We focus on the different phases of interaction with services and show how a cooperative discovery algorithm can essentially improve the service provisioning. An ontology -based algorithm is presented that makes use of user preferences, differing conceptions, as well as standard usage patterns. With a running

Wolf-tilo Balke; Matthias Wagner

2003-01-01

428

36 CFR 905.737-101 - Applicable provisions of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Applicable provisions of law. 905.737-101 Section 905.737-101 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA...Responsibilities of Former Employees-Enforcement § 905.737-101 Applicable provisions of law. Former...

2009-07-01

429

36 CFR 905.737-101 - Applicable provisions of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Applicable provisions of law. 905.737-101 Section 905.737-101 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA...Responsibilities of Former Employees-Enforcement § 905.737-101 Applicable provisions of law. Former...

2010-07-01

430

36 CFR 905.737-101 - Applicable provisions of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-07-01 true Applicable provisions of law. 905.737-101 Section 905.737-101 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA...Responsibilities of Former Employees-Enforcement § 905.737-101 Applicable provisions of law. Former...

2013-07-01

431

Wasteful government, tax evasion, and the provision of public goods  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper considers the question of whether public goods should be provided by the government or through private provision. The results cast doubt upon the role of the government as a provider and suggest instead that it may be better employed as a facilitator of private provision. These arguments are strengthened if consumers can engage in tax evasion or the

Gareth D. Myles

2000-01-01

432

Educational Provision for Our Youngest Children: European Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays analyzes the history, philosophy, and politics of the forms of early childhood provision outside the home for young children in Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. In particular, the essays examine the extent to which that provision is considered educational and intended to…

David, Tricia, Ed.

433

Dynamic Deferral of Workload for Capacity Provisioning in Data Centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent increase in energy prices has led researchers to find better ways for capacity provisioning in data centers to reduce energy wastage due to the variation in workload. This paper explores the opportunity for cost saving and proposes a novel approach for capacity provisioning under bounded latency requirements for the workload. We investigate how many servers to be kept active

Muhammad Abdullah Adnan; Yan Ma; Ryo Sugihara; Rajesh Gupta

2011-01-01

434

Extending the data warehouse for service provisioning data  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last few years, there has been an extensive body of literature in data warehousing applications that primarily focuses on basket-type (transactional) data, common in retail industries. In this paper we focus on service provisioning data, that is data that is recorded internally in an organization for provisioning certain business related tasks. Coupling the recorded data with the underlying process

Yannis Kotidis

2006-01-01

435

Summary of Head Start Provisions on Homelessness and Foster Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On Wednesday, December 12, President Bush signed the "Improving Head Start for School Readiness Act of 2007" into law. The legislation reauthorizes the Head Start Act and contains numerous provisions on homelessness and foster care. A summary of those provisions is provided in this paper.

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 2008

2008-01-01

436

Failure Rules Based Node Resource Provision Policy for Cloud Computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a novel computing paradigm, e.g., cloud computing, become popular, researchers proposed various resource sharing techniques and resource provision techniques. However, very limited literatures pay attentions to the reliability of dynamically provided resources. In this paper, we propose a failure rules aware node resource provision policy for heterogeneous services consolidated in cloud computing infrastructure. We evaluate our proposed policy with

Guanhua Tian; Dan Meng

2010-01-01

437

Resource Provisioning for Enriched Services in Cloud Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cloud services are based on the provisioning of computing, storage, and networking resources in order to satisfy requests generated by remote end-users. High speed Internet access and multi-core Virtual Machines (VMs) enable today the provisioning of diversified and enriched types of services in Cloud environment. In this paper, we consider several types of basic services and show how their orchestration

Rosy Aoun; Elias A. Doumith; Maurice Gagnaire

2010-01-01

438

Understanding social support burden among family caregivers.  

PubMed

Despite the abundance of research on social support, both as a variable in larger studies and as a central focus of examination, there is little consensus about the relationship between social support and health outcomes. Current social support measures typically account only for frequency and size of network, and a paucity of research exists that has explained social support burden, defined as the burden associated with accessing and receiving support from others. We analyzed audio-recorded discussions by hospice family caregivers about their caregiving problems and potential solutions to examine social relationships within networks and identify the processes that influence social support seeking and receiving. Using qualitative thematic analysis, we found that caregivers providing hospice care experience social support burden resulting from perceived relational barriers between friends and family, the inclination to remain in control, recognition of the loss of the patient as a source of social support and guidance in decision making, family dynamics, and decreased availability of emotional support. Social support researchers should consider how the quality of communication and relationships within social networks impacts the provision and subsequent outcomes of social support in varying contexts. Findings from this study suggest that hospice social support resources should be tailored to the caregiver's support needs and include assessment on the type of support to be offered. PMID:24345081

Wittenberg-Lyles, Elaine; Washington, Karla; Demiris, George; Oliver, Debra Parker; Shaunfield, Sara

2014-10-01

439

Depersonalization/derealization during acute social stress in social phobia.  

PubMed

The present study aimed at investigating how frequently and intensely depersonalization/derealization symptoms occur during a stressful performance situation in social phobia patients vs. healthy controls, as well as testing hypotheses about the psychological predictors and consequences of such symptoms. N=54 patients with social phobia and N=34 control participants without mental disorders were examined prior to, during, and after a standardized social performance situation (Trier Social Stress Test, TSST). An adapted version of the Cambridge Depersonalization Scale was applied along with measures of social anxiety, depression, personality, participants' subjective appraisal, safety behaviours, and post-event processing. Depersonalization symptoms were more frequent in social phobia patients (92%) than in controls (52%). Specifically in patients, they were highly positively correlated with safety behaviours and post-event-processing, even after controlling for social anxiety. The role of depersonalization/derealization in the maintenance of social anxiety should be more thoroughly recognized and explored. PMID:23434546

Hoyer, Juergen; Braeuer, David; Crawcour, Stephen; Klumbies, Elisabeth; Kirschbaum, Clemens

2013-03-01

440

42 CFR 426.500 - Procedure for filing an acceptable complaint concerning a provision (or provisions) of an NCD.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...explaining what service is needed and why the aggrieved party thinks that the provision(s) of the NCD is (are) not valid under...the complaint and an explanation for why the aggrieved party thinks that this evidence shows that the NCD is not reasonable....

2013-10-01

441

Social information changes the brain  

PubMed Central

Social animals live in complex physical and social environments requiring them to attend and rapidly respond to social and environmental information by changing their behavior. A key social influence is rank or status, a ubiquitous element in animal societies. Rank typically regulates access to reproduction and other resources, among other consequences for individuals. Because reproduction is arguably the most important event in any animals’ life, understanding how reproduction is regulated by social status and related physiological factors can instruct our understanding of evolutionary change. This article reviews evidence from a model social system in which reproduction is tightly controlled by social status. Surprisingly, changes in social status have rapid and profound effects over very short time scales and radically alter overt behavior, as well as physiological, cellular, and molecular factors that regulate reproductive capacity.

Fernald, Russell D.; Maruska, Karen P.

2012-01-01

442

Social media and social reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social Media provide an exciting and novel view into social phenomena. The vast amounts of data that can be gathered from the Internet coupled with massively parallel supercomputers such as the Cray XMT open new vistas for research. Conclusions drawn from such analysis must recognize that social media are distinct from the underlying social reality. Rigorous validation is essential. This

William N. Reynolds; Marta S. Weber; Robert M. Farber; Courtney D. Corley; Andrew J. Cowell; Michelle L. Gregory

2010-01-01

443

Connective power: Solar electrification and social change in Kenya  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Household solar photovoltaic systems have emerged as a key alternative to grid-based rural electrification in many developing countries. This may seem a victory for appropriate technology advocates, but my research indicates that the social significance of solar electrification in Kenya, which is among the largest developing country solar markets per capita, is far removed from the classic "small is beautiful" neo-populist vision of building small-scale alternatives to global capitalism. Instead, solar electrification is more closely connected to neo-liberal goals of market-based service provision and economic integration. In this study I combine quantitative and qualitative methods, including surveys, intra-household energy allocation studies, and historical analysis, to analyze the social significance of solar electrification in Kenya. I find that "connective" applications, including television, radio, and cellphones, are centrally important. Television is especially notable; the expansion of TV broadcasting to rural areas was a key condition for solar market development. Solar electricity is also used for lighting. In Kenya, income and work related uses of solar lighting are modest, while education uses are more significant. However, in many households, especially those with small systems, intra-household dynamics constrain key social uses (e.g. children's studying), as the energy is allocated to other uses. Social use patterns combine with access dynamics in Kenya's unsubsidized market to shape the social significance of solar electrification. Solar ownership is dominated by the rural upper and middle classes. Thus, productivity and education uses make small contributions to differentiation and middle class formation. Additionally, solar electrification's role in supporting rural television and radio use improves business advertisers' ability to expand consumer goods markets. These findings link solar electrification to important processes of rural development and social change. Mainstream policy makers have sought to expand the market through credit-based sales. However, my analysis indicates that, without subsidies, credit-based sales are unlikely to deepen access beyond levels established in the existing cash market. Thus, while solar electrification may potentially contribute to sustainable development, concerns about equity and other social issues indicate a need for careful attention to the implications of policy choices and processes that influence the social use possibilities of the technology.

Jacobson, Arne Edward

444

Private sector delivery of health services in developing countries: a mixed-methods study on quality assurance in social franchises  

PubMed Central

Background Across the developing world health care services are most often delivered in the private sector and social franchising has emerged, over the past decade, as an increasingly popular method of private sector health care delivery. Social franchising aims to strengthen business practices through economies of scale: branding clinics and purchasing drugs in bulk at wholesale prices. While quality is one of the established goals of social franchising, there is no published documentation of how quality levels might be set in the context of franchised private providers, nor what quality assurance measures can or should exist within social franchises. The aim of this study was to better understand the quality assurance systems currently utilized in social franchises, and to determine if there are shared standards for practice or quality outcomes that exist across programs. Methods The study included three data sources and levels of investigation: 1) Self-reported program data; 2) Scoping telephone interviews; and 3) In-depth field interviews and clinic visits. Results Social Franchises conceive of quality assurance not as an independent activity, but rather as a goal that is incorporated into all areas of franchise operations, including recruitment, training, monitoring of provider performance, monitoring of client experience and the provision of feedback. Conclusions These findings are the first evidence to support the 2002 conceptual model of social franchising which proposed that the assurance of quality was one of the three core goals of all social franchises. However, while quality is important to franchise programs, quality assurance systems overall are not reflective of the evidence to-date on quality measurement or quality improvement best practices. Future research in this area is needed to better understand the details of quality assurance systems as applied in social franchise programs, the process by which quality assurance becomes a part of the organizational culture, and the components of a quality assurance system that are most correlated with improved quality of clinical care for patients.

2013-01-01

445

24 CFR 1000.32 - May exceptions be made to the conflict of interest provisions?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false May exceptions be made to the conflict of interest provisions? 1000...32 May exceptions be made to the conflict of interest provisions? (a) Yes. HUD may make exceptions to the conflict of interest provisions set...

2013-04-01

446

75 FR 48728 - The Hydrostatic Testing Provision of the Portable Fire Extinguishers Standard; Extension of the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Hydrostatic Testing Provision of the Portable Fire Extinguishers Standard; Extension of the...Hydrostatic Testing provision of the Portable Fire Extinguishers Standard for General Industry...Hydrostatic Testing provision of the Portable Fire Extinguishers Standard are necessary...

2010-08-11

447

78 FR 70324 - Thy Hydrostatic Testing Provision of the Portable Fire Extinguishers Standard; Extension of the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Hydrostatic Testing Provision of the Portable Fire Extinguishers Standard; Extension of the...Hydrostatic Testing provision of the Portable Fire Extinguishers Standard for General Industry...Hydrostatic Testing Provision of the Portable Fire Extinguishers Standard are necessary...

2013-11-25

448

42 CFR 426.457 - Optional provisions of an ALJ's decision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DETERMINATIONS AND LOCAL COVERAGE DETERMINATIONS Review of an LCD § 426.457 Optional provisions of an ALJ's decision...limit a decision holding invalid a specific provision(s) of an LCD to specific clinical indications and for similar...

2013-10-01

449

29 CFR 570.103 - Comparison with wage and hour provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS CHILD LABOR REGULATIONS, ORDERS AND STATEMENTS...Statements of Interpretation of the Child Labor Provisions of the Fair Labor Standards...provisions. A comparison of the child labor provisions with the...

2013-07-01

450

77 FR 27658 - Common Crop Insurance Regulations; Processing Sweet Corn Crop Insurance Provisions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Insurance Regulations; Processing Sweet Corn Crop Insurance Provisions AGENCY: Federal...Insurance Regulations, Processing Sweet Corn Crop Insurance Provisions. The intended...revising Sec. 457.154, Processing Sweet Corn Crop Insurance Provisions, to be...

2012-05-11

451

78 FR 55171 - Common Crop Insurance Regulations; Processing Sweet Corn Crop Insurance Provisions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Insurance Regulations; Processing Sweet Corn Crop Insurance Provisions AGENCY: Federal...Insurance Regulations, Processing Sweet Corn Crop Insurance Provisions. The intended...Regulations (7 CFR part 457), Processing Sweet Corn Crop Insurance Provisions that were...

2013-09-10

452

25 CFR 23.41 - Uniform grant administration provisions, requirements and applicability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Uniform grant administration provisions, requirements...CHILD WELFARE ACT General and Uniform Grant Administration Provisions and Requirements § 23.41 Uniform grant administration provisions,...

2011-04-01

453

40 CFR 1042.670 - Special provisions for gas turbine engines.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Special provisions for gas turbine engines. 1042.670 Section 1042...1042.670 Special provisions for gas turbine engines. The provisions of this section apply for gas turbine engines. (a) Implementation...

2013-07-01

454

43 CFR 3830.92 - What special provisions apply to oil placer mining claims?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...special provisions apply to oil placer mining claims? 3830.92 Section 3830...LOCATING, RECORDING, AND MAINTAINING MINING CLAIMS OR SITES; GENERAL PROVISIONS...special provisions apply to oil placer mining claims? (a) Under 30...

2013-10-01

455

43 CFR 6304.11 - What special provisions apply to operations under the mining laws?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What special provisions apply to operations under the mining laws? 6304.11 Section 6304.11 Public...Addressed in Special Provisions of the Wilderness Act Mining Under the General Mining Laws § 6304.11 What special provisions...

2013-10-01

456

Analysis of the Feasibility of Using Category II Test Data to Improve Provisioning Estimates.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Provisioning estimates under present procedures have been subject to criticism as a result of inaccuracies which have occurred in the provisioning process. Inaccuracies occur as a result of the many unknowns which exist at the time provisioning takes plac...

R. L. Jones R. S. Darden

1972-01-01

457

7 CFR 226.19 - Outside-school-hours care center provisions.  

...2014-01-01 false Outside-school-hours care center provisions. 226.19 Section...CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS CHILD AND ADULT CARE FOOD PROGRAM Operational Provisions § 226.19 Outside-school-hours care center provisions. (a)...

2014-01-01

458

7 CFR 226.17a - At-risk afterschool care center provisions.  

...2014-01-01 false At-risk afterschool care center provisions. 226.17a Section...NUTRITION PROGRAMS CHILD AND ADULT CARE FOOD PROGRAM Operational Provisions § 226.17a At-risk afterschool care center provisions. (a)...

2014-01-01

459

45 CFR 260.52 - What are the basic provisions of the Family Violence Option (FVO)?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...basic provisions of the Family Violence Option (FVO)? 260...ASSISTANCE FOR NEEDY FAMILIES (TANF) PROVISIONS...Victims of Domestic Violence? § 260.52 What...basic provisions of the Family Violence Option...

2009-10-01

460

40 CFR 1042.601 - General compliance provisions for marine engines and vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...compliance provisions for marine engines and vessels. 1042.601 Section 1042.601 ...MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES AND VESSELS Special Compliance Provisions § 1042...compliance provisions for marine engines and vessels. Engine and vessel...

2013-07-01

461

24 CFR 15.204 - Consideration of demands for production of material or provision of testimony.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Consideration of demands for production of material or provision of testimony. 15.204...INFORMATION BY HUD EMPLOYEES Production of Material or Provision of Testimony in Response...Consideration of demands for production of material or provision of testimony....

2013-04-01

462

24 CFR 15.203 - Making a demand for production of material or provision of testimony.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Making a demand for production of material or provision of testimony. 15.203...INFORMATION BY HUD EMPLOYEES Production of Material or Provision of Testimony in Response...203 Making a demand for production of material or provision of testimony....

2013-04-01

463

A Study on Strategic Provisioning of Cloud Computing Services  

PubMed Central

Cloud computing is currently emerging as an ever-changing, growing paradigm that models “everything-as-a-service.” Virtualised physical resources, infrastructure, and applications are supplied by service provisioning in the cloud. The evolution in the adoption of cloud computing is driven by clear and distinct promising features for both cloud users and cloud providers. However, the increasing number of cloud providers and the variety of service offerings have made it difficult for the customers to choose the best services. By employing successful service provisioning, the essential services required by customers, such as agility and availability, pricing, security and trust, and user metrics can be guaranteed by service provisioning. Hence, continuous service provisioning that satisfies the user requirements is a mandatory feature for the cloud user and vitally important in cloud computing service offerings. Therefore, we aim to review the state-of-the-art service provisioning objectives, essential services, topologies, user requirements, necessary metrics, and pricing mechanisms. We synthesize and summarize different provision techniques, approaches, and models through a comprehensive literature review. A thematic taxonomy of cloud service provisioning is presented after the systematic review. Finally, future research directions and open research issues are identified.

Rejaul Karim Chowdhury, Md

2014-01-01

464

Culture and Social Distance: A Case Study of Methodological Cautions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors presented, as a case study of methodological challenges in cross-cultural research, E. S. Bogardus's (1925) Social Distance Scale, which requires respondents to indicate the social distance between themselves and others. The meaningfulness of the scale depends on the assumption that respondents believe that the magnitude of social distance increases as one moves through the social categories of family

Kevin P. Weinfurt; Fathali M. Moghaddam

2001-01-01

465

Behavioural and endocrine reactions in boys scoring high on Sennton neurotic scale viewing an exciting and partly violent movie and the importance of social support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychoendocrine and behavioural effects elicited by viewing an exciting and partly violent movie were studied in 12-year-old boys (n = 42). The boys were divided into three groups. Group A (n = 13) consisted of boys scoring below the median value on the Sennton neurotic scale for vegetative anxiety symptoms. Group B (n = 13) consisted of boys scoring above

Bengt B. Arnetz; Bengt Edgren; Lennart Levi; Ulf Otto

1985-01-01

466

Assessing Young Children's Views of Their Academic, Social, and Emotional Lives: An Evaluation of the Self-Perception Scales of the Berkeley Puppet Interview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined psychometric properties of self-perception scales of the Berkeley Puppet Interview (BPI) with children at preschool, kindergarten, and first grade. Found that young children have a multidimensional self-concept that can be reliably measured. The BPI was sensitive to normative change and individual differences. Support for validity was…

Measelle, Jeffrey R.; Ablow, Jennifer C.; Cowan, Philip A.; Cowan, Carolyn P.

1998-01-01

467

GENESIS Social Simulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

GENESIS is a research project funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council through the National Centre for e-Social Science research node program. Details of GENESIS can be found on-line via the following URL: http://www.geog.leeds.ac.uk/people/a.turner/projects/GENESIS/ One strand of GENESIS work aims to develop simulation models that represent individual humans and their organisations and how they change their location and influence over time. This chapter describes the development of two types of model that operate at different temporal resolutions over different time scales: Traffic Models work with time steps of a second; and Demographic Models work with time steps of a day. Both are computationally demanding and the chapter describes not just the development of the models, but also the work done to scale up from village scale with a thousand individuals, to produce simulation results at city scale with a million individuals.

Turner, Andy

468

Social Experience and the Development of Social Cognition in Orthopedically Disabled and Non Disabled Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluated were the cognitive and social development of 40 orthopedially handicapped children ages 6 to 12 years. Social development was measured by the Children's Social Relations Rating Scale, the Children's Social Relations Interview Schedule, and the Children's Role Taking Task. The Concrete Operations Tasks assessed cognitive ability. Data…

Volpe, Richard

469

76 FR 78009 - Information Collection; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision AGENCY...regarding Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision. Public...techniques or other forms of information technology. DATES: Submit...

2011-12-15

470

25 CFR 20.514 - What assistance can the courts request from social services on behalf of children?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...from social services on behalf of children? The courts can request the following...Investigations of law enforcement reports of child abuse and neglect; (b) Assessment...for out-of-home placement of the child; and (c) Provision of...

2013-04-01

471

Social Individualism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships between individuals and society have often been presented from the perspective of the social institution. Social psychology has addressed the variables that affect the individual in relationships with larger groups. Social individualism is a conceptual framework that explores the relationship of the individual and society from the…

Cornille, Thomas A.; Harrigan, John

472

Interfaith Leaders as Social Entrepreneurs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social entrepreneurs work to find concrete solutions to large-scale problems that are scalable and sustainable. In this article, the authors explore what the framework of social entrepreneurship might offer those seeking to positively engage religious diversity on college campuses, and highlight two programs that offer examples of what such…

Patel, Eboo; Meyer, Cassie

2012-01-01

473

43 CFR 402.22 - Provisions of subpart A applicable.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OF THE INTERIOR SALE OF LANDS IN FEDERAL RECLAMATION PROJECTS Small Tracts; Public and Acquired Lands; Gila Project, Arizona § 402.22 Provisions of subpart A applicable. The regulations in subpart A of this part relative to the sale...

2013-10-01

474

48 CFR 247.574 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...provision. See 247.573-2(c)(3) for the required evaluation criterion. (f) Use the clause at 252.247-7027, Riding Gang Member Requirements, in solicitations and contracts, including solicitations and contracts using FAR part 12 procedures...

2013-10-01

475

Building Regulations 94: Mandatory Provisions and General Advisory Notes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Building Regulations 94, BBR 94, of the Swedish Board of Housing, Building and Planning contain mandatory provisions and general advisory notes pursuant to the Planning and Building Act (1987:10) PBL, and other statutes. Building Regulations, BBR 94, toge...

1995-01-01

476

45 CFR 73a.735-501 - General provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION STANDARDS...ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENT Financial Interests § 73a.735-501 General provisions. (a) No restrictions...735-502), may have financial interests: (1) In an...

2013-10-01

477

7 CFR 457.156 - Quota tobacco crop insurance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...in section 1 of the Basic Provisions, performing the cultural practices necessary to replace the tobacco plant, and then replacing the tobacco plant in the insured acreage with the expectation of producing at least the quota. Support...

2009-01-01

478

26 CFR 20.6321 - Statutory provisions; lien for taxes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) ESTATE AND GIFT TAXES ESTATE TAX; ESTATES OF DECEDENTS DYING AFTER AUGUST 16, 1954 Procedure and Administration § 20.6321 Statutory provisions; lien for taxes. Sec....

2013-04-01

479

48 CFR 625.7002 - Solicitation provision and contract clause.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...STATE SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Arab League Boycott and Related Provisions 625.7002 Solicitation...with DOSAR 625.7001(c): (a) 652.225-70, Arab League Boycott of Israel; and. (b) 652.225-71,...

2013-10-01

480

48 CFR 625.7002 - Solicitation provision and contract clause.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...STATE SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Arab League Boycott and Related Provisions 625.7002 Solicitation...with DOSAR 625.7001(c): (a) 652.225-70, Arab League Boycott of Israel; and. (b) 652.225-71,...

2009-10-01

481

48 CFR 625.7002 - Solicitation provision and contract clause.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...STATE SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Arab League Boycott and Related Provisions 625.7002 Solicitation...with DOSAR 625.7001(c): (a) 652.225-70, Arab League Boycott of Israel; and. (b) 652.225-71,...

2010-10-01

482

29 CFR 1926.20 - General safety and health provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false General safety and health provisions. 1926.20 Section...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR...

2013-07-01

483

48 CFR 22.1505 - Solicitation provision and contract clause.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Produced by Forced or Indentured Child Labor 22.1505 Solicitation provision...Certification Regarding Knowledge of Child Labor for Listed End Products...Certification as to Forced or Indentured Child Labor, except solicitations for...

2013-10-01

484

43 CFR 3813.3 - Provisions of the mineral patent.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Provisions of the mineral patent. 3813.3 Section 3813.3 Public...LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) LANDS AND MINERALS SUBJECT TO LOCATION Disposal of...

2012-10-01

485

75 FR 27248 - Gap in Termination Provisions; Inquiry  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LIBRARY OF CONGRESS Copyright Office 37 CFR Part 201 Gap in Termination Provisions; Inquiry AGENCY: Copyright Office...critically acclaimed, it was released with an updated cover last year and is now a best seller. The rights remained with the...

2010-05-14

486

40 CFR 63.1321 - Batch process vents provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutant Emissions: Group IV Polymers and Resins § 63.1321 Batch process vents provisions...the monitoring requirements in § 63.1324, the performance test methods and procedures to determine compliance in §...

2013-07-01

487

40 CFR 63.1335 - General recordkeeping and reporting provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Pollutant Emissions: Group IV Polymers and Resins § 63.1335 General recordkeeping and reporting provisions. (a) Data retention. Unless otherwise specified in this subpart, the owner or operator of an affected source shall keep...

2009-07-01

488

40 CFR 63.506 - General recordkeeping and reporting provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Pollutant Emissions: Group I Polymers and Resins § 63.506 General recordkeeping and reporting provisions. (a) Data retention. Unless otherwise specified in this subpart, the owner or operator of an affected source shall keep...

2010-07-01

489

40 CFR 63.1439 - General recordkeeping and reporting provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Emissions for Polyether Polyols Production § 63.1439 General recordkeeping and reporting provisions. (a) Data retention. Unless otherwise specified in this subpart, the owner or operator of an affected source shall...

2010-07-01

490

A Survey of Microcomputer Use and Provision in Primary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents results from an exhaustive survey of Hertfordshire (England) primary schools which provides detailed information on microcomputer provision, classroom use, and headteachers' and teachers' aims and attitudes. An analysis of factors that influence microcomputer use is included. (Author/MBR)

Jackson, A.; And Others

1986-01-01

491

48 CFR 204.7109 - Solicitation provision and contract clause.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Line Item Structure, in solicitations using FAR part 12 procedures for the acquisition of commercial items or for initial provisioning spares. [76 FR 58139, Sept. 20, 2011, as amended at 78 FR 37983, June 25,...

2013-10-01

492

40 CFR 63.132 - Process wastewater provisions-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Process wastewater provisions-general. 63.132 Section...Storage Vessels, Transfer Operations, and Wastewater § 63.132 Process wastewater provisionsâgeneral. (a) Existing...

2009-07-01

493

40 CFR 63.132 - Process wastewater provisions-general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Process wastewater provisions-general. 63.132 Section...Storage Vessels, Transfer Operations, and Wastewater § 63.132 Process wastewater provisionsâgeneral. (a) Existing...

2010-07-01

494

40 CFR 63.122 - Storage vessel provisions-reporting.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Storage vessel provisions-reporting. 63...Manufacturing Industry for Process Vents, Storage Vessels, Transfer Operations, and Wastewater § 63.122 Storage vessel provisionsâreporting....

2010-07-01

495

26 CFR 509.102 - Applicable provisions of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS UNDER TAX CONVENTIONS SWITZERLAND General Income Tax § 509.102 Applicable provisions of law. (a) General. The Internal Revenue Code of...

2010-04-01

496

40 CFR 63.122 - Storage vessel provisions-reporting.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Storage vessel provisions-reporting. 63.122 ...Manufacturing Industry for Process Vents, Storage Vessels, Transfer Operations, and Wastewater § 63.122 Storage vessel provisionsâreporting. (a) For...

2013-07-01

497

20 CFR 725.490 - Statutory provisions and scope.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED CLAIMS FOR BENEFITS...MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT, AS AMENDED Responsible Coal Mine Operators § 725.490 Statutory provisions...

2013-04-01

498

45 CFR 400.117 - Provision of care and services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Child Welfare Services § 400.117 Provision...arrangements with a public or private child welfare agency approved or licensed under...a public or private nonprofit child welfare agency, it must retain...

2013-10-01

499

40 CFR 60.543 - Performance test and compliance provisions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Performance test and compliance provisions. 60...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for the Rubber Tire Manufacturing...

2010-07-01

500

APOLLO Experience Report Crew Provisions and Equipment Subsystem.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A description of the construction and use of crew provisions and equipment subsystem items for the Apollo Program is presented. The subsystem is composed principally of survival equipment, bioinstrumentation devices, medical components and accessories, wa...

F. Mcallister

1972-01-01