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1

Counting Costs: A Social Science Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author briefly outlines a socially-based accounting system which evaluates not only economic but also social and aesthetic variables in arriving at a quantification of the benefits and costs of any action or failure to act. This system is designed to provide an additional tool in decision-making. (Author/MA)

Foster, Harold D.

1978-01-01

2

Evolutionary social science: A new approach to violent crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evolutionary Social Science unites evolutionary psychology and social science. Its core assumptions are that: (1) modern societies owe their character to an interaction of hunter–gatherer adaptations with the modern environment; (2) some changes in societies reflect change in individuals; (3) historical changes and cross-societal differences can be due to similar adaptational mechanisms, and (4) different social contexts modify development through

Nigel Barber

2008-01-01

3

Teaching Social Science Research: An Applied Approach Using Community Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A four-week summer project for 100 rural tenth graders in the University of Alabama's Biomedical Sciences Preparation Program (BioPrep) enabled students to acquire and apply social sciences research skills. The students investigated drinking water quality in three rural Alabama counties by interviewing local officials, health workers, and…

Gilliland, M. Janice; And Others

4

Teaching Introductory Statistics in the Social & Behavioral Sciences Approach & Rationale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The teaching and learning of introductory statistics in the behavioral sciences continues to generate much debate on content and pedagogy amidst on-going reform. Facilitating change where appropriate also necessitates an understanding of instructors' motivation for their approach. This pilot study explored approaches to teaching introductory statistics, and instructors' rationale for their approach. Emphasis on concept, calculation and both were reported

Rossi A. Hassad; H. G. Wells

2003-01-01

5

Artificiality in Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This text provides with an introduction to the modern approach of artificiality and simulation in social sciences. It presents the relationship between complexity and artificiality, before introducing the field of artificial societies which greatly benefited from the computer power fast increase, gifting social sciences with formalization and experimentation tools previously owned by \\

Jean-Philippe Rennard

2007-01-01

6

Development of Computer Science Disciplines - A Social Network Analysis Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contrast to many other scientific disciplines, computer science considers conference publications. Conferences have the\\u000a advantage of providing fast publication of papers and of bringing researchers together to present and discuss the paper with\\u000a peers. Previous work on knowledge mapping focused on the map of all sciences or a particular domain based on ISI published\\u000a Journal Citation Report (JCR). Although

Manh Cuong Pham; Ralf Klamma; Matthias Jarke

2011-01-01

7

Social Activism in Elementary Science Education: A science, technology, and society approach to teach global warming  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a large-scale instructional intervention research, this study examined elementary students' science knowledge and awareness of social activism with regard to an increased greenhouse effect and global warming. The study involved fifth-grade students from five elementary schools of varying demographic makeup in a large urban school district in the United States. The study was based on the analysis

Benjamin T. Lester; Li Ma; Okhee Lee; Julie Lambert

2006-01-01

8

Social Problem Solving through Science: An Approach to Critical, Place-Based, Science Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Social Problem Solving through Science (SPSS) project engaged middle school-aged youth in the study of local environmental challenges with implications for human health and well-being, both globally and locally. Students considered environmental risk factors in a series of structured activities to develop background knowledge on environmental…

Buxton, Cory A.

2010-01-01

9

The Contribution of Applied Social Sciences to Obesity Stigma-Related Public Health Approaches  

PubMed Central

Obesity is viewed as a major public health concern, and obesity stigma is pervasive. Such marginalization renders obese persons a “special population.” Weight bias arises in part due to popular sources' attribution of obesity causation to individual lifestyle factors. This may not accurately reflect the experiences of obese individuals or their perspectives on health and quality of life. A powerful role may exist for applied social scientists, such as anthropologists or sociologists, in exploring the lived and embodied experiences of this largely discredited population. This novel research may aid in public health intervention planning. Through these studies, applied social scientists could help develop a nonstigmatizing, salutogenic approach to public health that accurately reflects the health priorities of all individuals. Such an approach would call upon applied social science's strengths in investigating the mundane, problematizing the “taken for granted” and developing emic (insiders') understandings of marginalized populations. PMID:24782921

Bombak, Andrea E.

2014-01-01

10

Social Activism in Elementary Science Education: A science, technology, and society approach to teach global warming  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of a large-scale instructional intervention research, this study examined elementary students’ science knowledge and awareness of social activism with regard to an increased greenhouse effect and global warming. The study involved fifth-grade students from five elementary schools of varying demographic makeup in a large urban school district in the United States. The study was based on the analysis of students’ responses to a writing prompt addressing an increased greenhouse effect and global warming at the beginning of and at the completion of instruction over the school year. The results indicate that students with adequate science knowledge tended to express activism more frequently, and that their expression of activism increased as they gained better science knowledge after the instruction. The results highlight the importance of effective instruction of this contemporary and controversial issue with K-12 students, so that they come to be aware of this societal problem, take action in solving the problem, and become socially responsible youth and adults.

Lester, Benjamin T.; Ma, Li; Lee, Okhee; Lambert, Julie

2006-03-01

11

Reinterpreting Ethnic Patterns among White and African American Men Who Inject Heroin: A Social Science of Medicine Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Street-based heroin injectors represent an especially vulnerable population group subject to negative health outcomes and social stigma. Effective clinical treatment and public health intervention for this population requires an understanding of their cultural environment and experiences. Social science theory and methods offer tools to understand the reasons for economicandethnicdisparitiesthatcauseindividualsufferingandstressattheinstitutionallevel. Methods and Findings We used a cross-methodological approach that incorporated

Philippe Bourgois; Alexis Martinez; Alex Kral; Brian R. Edlin; Jeff Schonberg; Dan Ciccarone

2006-01-01

12

A Strategic Approach to Urban Research and Development: Social and Behavioral Science Considerations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Committee on Social and Behavioral Urban Research was asked to advise the Housing and Urban Development Department (HUD) on elements of its long-range research and development program (R & D). Federal, state, and local governments have had access to only small amounts of relevant social and behavioral science knowledge or small numbers of…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.

13

Reading Online News Media for Science Content: A Social Psychological Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading multimodal (popularized) scientific texts is studied predominantly in terms of said-to-be-required technical decoding skills. In this article I suggest that there are other interesting approaches to studying the reading of multimodal (popularized) scientific texts, approaches that are grounded in social psychological concerns. These…

Roth, Wolff-Michael

2010-01-01

14

An Inquiry-Based Mobile Learning Approach to Enhancing Social Science Learning Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents a mobile exploration activity that guides elementary students to learn during a social science activity with digital support from mobile devices and wireless communications. The students are situated in both the real world and the virtual world to extend their learning experiences. The learning activities between the field and…

Shih, Ju-Ling; Chuang, Chien-Wen; Hwang, Gwo-Jen

2010-01-01

15

Social Science, Interdisciplinary Programs  

E-print Network

Social Science, Interdisciplinary Programs Sample Occupations Administrator Anthropologist/Translator Journalist Labor Relations Specialist Law Enforcement Worker Legislative Analyst/Aide Linguist Loan Officer Samaritans & Other Humanitarian Types

Ronquist, Fredrik

16

A Developmental Approach to Social Science: A Model for Analyzing Charles Alexander's Scientific Contributions  

Microsoft Academic Search

A seven-paradigm developmental model of social science is presented (behaviorism, gestalt sociologism, empirical positivism, multi-method eclecticism, postmodern interpretivism, cooperative ecological inquiry, and developmental action inquiry). Charles Alexander's research is interpreted as bridging aspects of several paradigms, using third-person empirical positivist experiments to demonstrate the effects of a first-person research\\/practice called Transcendental Meditiation. The author suggests the possibility of complementing current

William R. Torbert

2000-01-01

17

Oregon Social Sciences Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study of the social sciences includes: history, civics, geography, and economics to prepare students for responsible citizenship. The Oregon state standards for social sciences sets out common curriculum goals, content standards, information for Benchmark 1 (grade three), Benchmark 2 (grade five), Benchmark 3 (grade eight), and Certificate of…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

18

The science in social science  

PubMed Central

A recent poll showed that most people think of science as technology and engineering—life-saving drugs, computers, space exploration, and so on. This was, in fact, the promise of the founders of modern science in the 17th century. It is less commonly understood that social and behavioral sciences have also produced technologies and engineering that dominate our everyday lives. These include polling, marketing, management, insurance, and public health programs. PMID:23213222

Bernard, H. Russell

2012-01-01

19

Translating Basic Behavioral and Social Science Research to Clinical Application: The EVOLVE Mixed Methods Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To describe a mixed-methods approach to develop and test a basic behavioral science-informed intervention to motivate behavior change in 3 high-risk clinical populations. Our theoretically derived intervention comprised a combination of positive affect and self-affirmation (PA/SA), which we applied to 3 clinical chronic disease…

Peterson, Janey C.; Czajkowski, Susan; Charlson, Mary E.; Link, Alissa R.; Wells, Martin T.; Isen, Alice M.; Mancuso, Carol A.; Allegrante, John P.; Boutin-Foster, Carla; Ogedegbe, Gbenga; Jobe, Jared B.

2013-01-01

20

Preserving the Whole: A Two-Track Approach to Rescuing Social Science Data and Metadata  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Preserving the Whole appears as the second publication of the Digital Library Federation and reflects the Federation's interests both in advancing the state of the art of social science data archives and in building the infrastructure necessary for the long-term maintenance of digital information." This 53-page report, published this month, considers migration as a preservation strategy for data currently stored in obsolete technical or deteriorating textual formats and offers conclusions regarding the importance of maintaining file format codebooks and the usefulness of the technically obsolete column binary format in terms of migration and recovery strategies.

Dennis, Martin.

21

Social Science: Course Proposal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A proposal is presented for a Community College of Philadelphia course surveying basic social science skills and information, including scientific method, map usage, evolution, native peoples, social groups, and U.S. Government. Following a standard cover form, a statement of purpose for the course indicates that it is designed to provide…

Cook, Charles Gene

22

Quantum Social Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface; Part I. Physics Concepts in Social Science? A Discussion: 1. Classical, statistical and quantum mechanics: all in one; 2. Econophysics: statistical physics and social science; 3. Quantum social science: a non-mathematical motivation; Part II. Mathematics and Physics Preliminaries: 4. Vector calculus and other mathematical preliminaries; 5. Basic elements of quantum mechanics; 6. Basic elements of Bohmian mechanics; Part III. Quantum Probabilistic Effects in Psychology: Basic Questions and Answers: 7. A brief overview; 8. Interference effects in psychology - an introduction; 9. A quantum-like model of decision making; Part IV. Other Quantum Probabilistic Effects in Economics, Finance and Brain Sciences: 10. Financial/economic theory in crisis; 11. Bohmian mechanics in finance and economics; 12. The Bohm-Vigier Model and path simulation; 13. Other applications to economic/financial theory; 14. The neurophysiological sources of quantum-like processing in the brain; Conclusion; Glossary; Index.

Haven, Emmanuel; Khrennikov, Andrei

2013-01-01

23

Interagency Working Group on Ocean Social Science: Incorporating ecosystem services approaches into ocean and coastal decision-making and governance  

EPA Science Inventory

The application of social science has been recognized as a priority for effective ocean and coastal management, driving much discussion and fostering emerging efforts in several areas. The Interagency Working Group on Ocean Social Science (IWG-OSS) is tasked with assisting the Su...

24

Analysis of databases appropriation in the academic staffs of Iranian Universities of Medical Sciences according to the social appropriation approach  

PubMed Central

Background: Numerous researches conducted on about the quality of perception of media messages shows that the people are not passive receivers but they have the ability of understanding, interpreting and accepting or rejecting messages. In order to make clear the relationship of information and communication technologies with social changes and to gain a broader vision from this scope, sociological theories about information and communication technologies’ usage, especially appropriation approach can be very useful. So, keeping in mind the important role of Databases in the qualitative expansion of education, research, diagnosis, remedy and medical services presentation, this research was carried out with the aim of status determination of databases appropriation in the academic staffs of Iranian Universities of Medical Sciences according to the social appropriation approach in 2012. Materials and Methods: This is an applicative research of an analytical-descriptive type, which was carried out by measurement approach. The statistical society of this research was composed of the academic staffs of the Iranian Universities of Medical Sciences in 2012 and finally 390 academic staffs were selected according to the Cochran's formula were selected. The research tool are searcher's made questionnaire, which was composed of nine separate parts. Its validity was accepted by the specialists and its reliability was calculated and found to be 0.961 by Cronbakh's alpha. Results: Database appropriation score in the academic staffs of Iranian Universities of Medical Sciences with 65.020% was in a good status and data bases dis appropriation score with 71.484 was in a high status. Conclusion: According to the findings of this research, Librarians and politicians in this scope-with determination of the academic staff's positive and negative points in usage and appropriation would be capable of accurately diagnozing and analyzing the chances and challenges of the academic staffs members in using databases and would also be capable of achieving solutions and appropriate catalyzers of prolific usage and appropriation of databases. PMID:25077145

Keyvanara, Mahmoud; Sohrabi, Mozaffar Cheshmeh; Zare, Firoozeh; Hassnazadeh, Akbar; Malekahmadi, Parisa

2014-01-01

25

Reinterpreting Ethnic Patterns among White and African American Men Who Inject Heroin: A Social Science of Medicine Approach  

PubMed Central

Background Street-based heroin injectors represent an especially vulnerable population group subject to negative health outcomes and social stigma. Effective clinical treatment and public health intervention for this population requires an understanding of their cultural environment and experiences. Social science theory and methods offer tools to understand the reasons for economic and ethnic disparities that cause individual suffering and stress at the institutional level. Methods and Findings We used a cross-methodological approach that incorporated quantitative, clinical, and ethnographic data collected by two contemporaneous long-term San Francisco studies, one epidemiological and one ethnographic, to explore the impact of ethnicity on street-based heroin-injecting men 45 years of age or older who were self-identified as either African American or white. We triangulated our ethnographic findings by statistically examining 14 relevant epidemiological variables stratified by median age and ethnicity. We observed significant differences in social practices between self-identified African Americans and whites in our ethnographic social network sample with respect to patterns of (1) drug consumption; (2) income generation; (3) social and institutional relationships; and (4) personal health and hygiene. African Americans and whites tended to experience different structural relationships to their shared condition of addiction and poverty. Specifically, this generation of San Francisco injectors grew up as the children of poor rural to urban immigrants in an era (the late 1960s through 1970s) when industrial jobs disappeared and heroin became fashionable. This was also when violent segregated inner city youth gangs proliferated and the federal government initiated its “War on Drugs.” African Americans had earlier and more negative contact with law enforcement but maintained long-term ties with their extended families. Most of the whites were expelled from their families when they began engaging in drug-related crime. These historical-structural conditions generated distinct presentations of self. Whites styled themselves as outcasts, defeated by addiction. They professed to be injecting heroin to stave off “dopesickness” rather than to seek pleasure. African Americans, in contrast, cast their physical addiction as an oppositional pursuit of autonomy and pleasure. They considered themselves to be professional outlaws and rejected any appearance of abjection. Many, but not all, of these ethnographic findings were corroborated by our epidemiological data, highlighting the variability of behaviors within ethnic categories. Conclusions Bringing quantitative and qualitative methodologies and perspectives into a collaborative dialog among cross-disciplinary researchers highlights the fact that clinical practice must go beyond simple racial or cultural categories. A clinical social science approach provides insights into how sociocultural processes are mediated by historically rooted and institutionally enforced power relations. Recognizing the logical underpinnings of ethnically specific behavioral patterns of street-based injectors is the foundation for cultural competence and for successful clinical relationships. It reduces the risk of suboptimal medical care for an exceptionally vulnerable and challenging patient population. Social science approaches can also help explain larger-scale patterns of health disparities; inform new approaches to structural and institutional-level public health initiatives; and enable clinicians to take more leadership in changing public policies that have negative health consequences. PMID:17076569

Bourgois, Philippe; Martinez, Alexis; Kral, Alex; Edlin, Brian R; Schonberg, Jeff; Ciccarone, Dan

2006-01-01

26

Social Science Information Gateway  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located within the Institute for Learning and Research Technology at the University of Bristol, the Social Science Information Gateway (SOSIG) is an online database of high quality Internet resources that primarily deal with the vast array of social science fields and subfields. Visitors can perform a simple search, or browse through the subject headings offered on the homepage. Each one of these discrete sites has been catalogued and annotated, making it easier to find specific resources quickly. Within each field or subfield, the editors of SOSIG have also listed some of their top choices. One particularly fine feature of the site is the "Grapevine", which offers a place for people in the social sciences to find out (and publicize) information about career opportunities and upcoming events. Visitors can also post their vitas in order to facilitate such opportunities. Finally, it is worth noting that the coverage of events and the like here is particularly strong for the United Kingdom and continental Europe.

27

Science in Social Practice  

E-print Network

to the public and all members of the university are invited. The DailY Kansan also carried a story reporting on Mead's talk on Saturday, March 4, 1911 (Vol. VII, No. 61, p. 1): PLEA FOR SOCIAL SCIENCE: Professor Meade Addresses Phi Beta Kappa in Chapel..., Professor Geo. B. Meade, of the department of philosophy at the University of Chicago, gave the annual Phi Beta Kappa address last evening in which he made a strong plea for scientific methods in social practices. He explained that while physical science has...

Mead, George Herbert

2000-04-01

28

Translating Basic Behavioral and Social Science Research to Clinical Application: The EVOLVE Mixed Methods Approach  

PubMed Central

Objective To describe a mixed-methods approach to develop and test a basic behavioral science-informed intervention to motivate behavior change in three high-risk clinical populations. Our theoretically-derived intervention comprised a combination of positive affect and self-affirmation (PA/SA) which we applied to three clinical chronic disease populations. Methods We employed a sequential mixed methods model (EVOLVE) to design and test the PA/SA intervention in order to increase physical activity in people with coronary artery disease (post-percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI]) or asthma (ASM), and to improve medication adherence in African Americans with hypertension (HTN). In an initial qualitative phase, we explored participant values and beliefs. We next pilot tested and refined the intervention, and then conducted three randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with parallel study design. Participants were randomized to combined PA/SA vs. an informational control (IC) and followed bimonthly for 12 months, assessing for health behaviors and interval medical events. Results Over 4.5 years, we enrolled 1,056 participants. Changes were sequentially made to the intervention during the qualitative and pilot phases. The three RCTs enrolled 242 PCI, 258 ASM and 256 HTN participants (n=756). Overall, 45.1% of PA/SA participants versus 33.6% of IC participants achieved successful behavior change (p=0.001). In multivariate analysis PA/SA intervention remained a significant predictor of achieving behavior change (p<0.002, OR=1.66, 95% CI 1.22–2.27), controlling for baseline negative affect, comorbidity, gender, race/ethnicity, medical events, smoking and age. Conclusions The EVOLVE method is a means by which basic behavioral science research can be translated into efficacious interventions for chronic disease populations. PMID:22963594

Peterson, Janey C.; Czajkowski, Susan; Charlson, Mary E.; Link, Alissa R.; Wells, Martin T.; Isen, Alice M.; Mancuso, Carol A.; Allegrante, John P.; Boutin-Foster, Carla; Ogedegbe, Gbenga; Jobe, Jared B.

2012-01-01

29

Reinterpreting Ethnic Patterns among White and African American Men Who Inject Heroin: A Social Science of Medicine Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundStreet-based heroin injectors represent an especially vulnerable population group subject to negative health outcomes and social stigma. Effective clinical treatment and public health intervention for this population requires an understanding of their cultural environment and experiences. Social science theory and methods offer tools to understand the reasons for economic and ethnic disparities that cause individual suffering and stress at the

Philippe Bourgois; Alexis Martinez; Alex Kral; Brian R Edlin; Jeff Schonberg; Dan Ciccarone

2006-01-01

30

Science Nation: Social Insects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Yellow jackets are wasps, and though they seem eager to inflict pain, they do have some important redeeming qualities. They kill harmful garden pests and are among the most social insects on the planet, along with their stinging cousins, the ants and the social bees. In all three species, the queen lays all the eggs and the workers service the queen and help her raise the young. Georgia Institute of Technology biology professor Michael Goodisman is using National Science Foundation (NSF) support to try and understand these complex relationships and how they impact these intricate communities.

31

Ethics and the social sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The demand has been often reiterated that the sciences of man should overtake or at least reach equivalent development to the physical sciences. Two broad sources of resistance are: (1) internal methodological difficulties, and (2) resistance of those professions or studies already performing in some manner the tasks which social science shall ultimately take over. The view that social science

Raymond B. Cattell

1948-01-01

32

SOCIAL SCIENCE University College Dublin  

E-print Network

PPortuNitieS Master of Social Work, Youth & Community Work Studies Master of Planning, Housing Policy, Env. Policy & Library Studies, Sociology, Social Policy careerS Professional Social Work Counselling Community WorkSOCIAL SCIENCE University College Dublin www.ucd.ie/acshs Social Work path Environmental Policy

33

Social Sciences and Space Exploration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The relationship between technology and society is a subject of continuing interest, because technological change and its effects confront and challenge society. College students are especially interested in technological change, knowing that they must cope with the pervasive and escalating effect of wide-ranging technological change. The space shuttle represents a technological change. The book's role is to serve as a resource for college faculty and students who are or will be interested in the social science implications of space technology. The book is designed to provide introductory material on a variety of space social topics to help faculty and students pursue teaching, learning, and research. Space technologies, perspectives on individual disciplines (economics, history, international law, philosophy, political science, psychology, and sociology) and interdiscipline approaches are presented.

1988-01-01

34

The Sociology of Language: An Interdisciplinary Social Science Approach to Language in Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text on the sociology of language, hear defines as "...a focus upon the entire gamut of topics related to the social organization of language behavior," lays the groundwork for the theoretical development of this emerging branch of linguistics. The author proposes that sociolinguists investigate everything concerned with language from the…

Fishman, Joshua A.

35

Behavioral Sciences in Secondary Schools: An Inquiry-Oriented Interdisciplinary Approach to the Human Behavioral Sciences in Social Studies. Professional Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trends in secondary-level behavioral science curriculum development, informational background, and strategies for teaching behavioral science concepts are provided in this book. Chapters one through three define the behavioral sciences and examine their changing role and status in social studies education. Chapters four through six develop…

Anderson, Randall C.

36

From Artificial Societies to New Social Science Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

We identify two distinct themes in social science modelling. One, more specific, approach is that of social simulation which addresses how behaviour of many actors can lead to emergent effects. We argue that this approach, while useful as a tool in social science policy devel- opment, is fundamentally constrained due to the fact that its models are developed within the

Eric Silverman; John Bryden

2007-01-01

37

FACULT DES SCIENCES HUMAINES ET SOCIALES -SORBONNE  

E-print Network

FACULTÉ DES SCIENCES HUMAINES ET SOCIALES - SORBONNE LICENCE EN SCIENCES HUMAINES ET SOCIALES ANNÉE UNIVERSITAIRE 2013-2014 MENTION SCIENCES DE L'ÉDUCATION L3 Faculté des Sciences humaines et sociales

Pellier, Damien

38

World Social Science Report 2010  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Where are people most likely to study the social sciences? Where are most of the academic publications in social sciences based? These are but a few of the questions asked (and answered) within the pages of the World Social Sciences Report 2010. The report was compiled by a blue-ribbon panel of social science experts. Interestingly, this report was a follow-up to the World Social Science Report published in 1999. The report has a number of positive findings, including the observation that the social sciences are "taught almost everywhere and their research results are widely disseminated, increasingly by new information technologies." The full report is 444-pages, and it includes chapters on the fragmentation of knowledge, the divide between academic disciplines, and the "sometimes tense relations between academics and society." For those who might be pressed for time, there is also a 28-page executive summary available here. [KMG

39

[Evaluating quality and effectiveness in the promotion of health: approaches and methods of public health and social sciences].  

PubMed

Health promotion and health education have often been limited to evaluation of the effectiveness of actions and programmes. However, since 1996 with the Third European Conference on Health Promotion and Education Effectiveness, many researchers have become interested in "quality assessment" and new ways of thinking have emerged. Quality assurance is a concept and activity developed in industry with the objective of increasing production efficiency. There are two distinct approaches: External Standard Inspection (ESI) and Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI). ESI involves establishing criteria of quality, evaluating them and improving whatever needs improvement. CQI views the activity or service as a process and includes the quality assessment as part of the process. This article attempts to answer the questions of whether these methods are sufficient and suitable for operationalising the concepts of evaluation, effectiveness and quality in health promotion and education, whether it is necessary to complement them with other methods, and whether the ESI approach is appropriate. The first section of the article explains that health promotion is based on various paradigms from epidemiology to psychology and anthropology. Many authors warn against the exclusive use of public health disciplines for understanding, implementing and evaluating health promotion. The author argues that in practice, health promotion: -integrates preventive actions with those aiming to maintain and improve health, a characteristic which widens the actions of health promotion from those of classic public health which include essentially an epidemiological or "risk" focus; -aims to replace vertical approaches to prevention with a global approach based on educational sciences; -involves a community approach which includes the individual in a "central position of power" as much in the definition of needs as in the evaluation of services; -includes the participation and socio-political actions which necessitate the use of varied and specific instruments for action and evaluation. With the choice of health promotion ideology, there exist corresponding theories, concepts of quality, and therefore methods and techniques that differ from those used until now. The educational sciences have led to a widening of the definition of process to include both "throughput and input", which has meant that the methods of needs analysis, objective and priority setting and project development in health promotion have become objects of quality assessment. Also, the modes of action and interaction among actors are included, which has led to evaluation of ethical and ideological aspects of projects. The second section of the article discusses quality assessment versus evaluation of effectiveness. Different paradigms of evaluation such as the public health approach based on the measurement of (epidemiological) effectiveness, social marketing and communication, and the anthropological approach are briefly discussed, pointing out that there are many approaches which can both complement and contradict one another. The author explains the difference between impact (the intermediate effects, direct or indirect, planned or not planned, changes in practical or theoretical knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes) and results (final effects of mid to long term changes such as changes in morbidity, mortality, or access to services or cost of health care). He argues that by being too concerned with results of programmes, we have often ignored the issue of impact. Also, by limiting ourselves to evaluating effectiveness (i.e. that the expected effects were obtained), we ignore other possible unexpected, unplanned and positive and negative secondary effects. There are therefore many reasons to: -evaluate all possible effects rather than only those lined to objectives; -evaluate the entire process rather than only the resources, procedures and costs; -evaluate the impact rather than results; -evalu PMID:9312335

Deccache, A

1997-06-01

40

A Continuation of the Paradigm Wars? Prevalence Rates of Methodological Approaches across the Social/Behavioral Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new line of research has emerged that examines the prevalence rates of mixed methods within disciplines in the social/behavioral sciences. Research presented in this article is unique in that it examines prevalence rates across multiple disciplines using an established cross-disciplinary classification scheme. Results indicate that there are…

Alise, Mark A.; Teddlie, Charles

2010-01-01

41

Response: Social Work, Science, Social Impact--Crafting an Integrative Conversation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shifts in the ways that science is being undertaken and marshaled toward social change argue for a new kind of professional competence. Taking the view that the science of social work is centrally about the relationship of research to social impact, the authors extend Fong's focus on transdisciplinary and translational approaches to science,…

Nurius, Paula S.; Kemp, Susan P.

2012-01-01

42

Social Science Research Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1923 (and last reviewed by the Scout Report on November 3, 1998), the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) is an independent non-profit organization with ongoing research projects on every continent, most of which are designed to encourage innovation and to help social scientists engage broader constituencies. Some of the council's key interests include children and armed conflict, economic growth, international migration, and global security and cooperation. From the website, visitors can learn about the most recent project initiatives, which include the initiative on HIV / AIDS, social transformation and emergencies, and humanitarian action. Along with these recent initiatives, visitors may also read about the 30 thematic programs, which are organized into five broad program areas. Graduate students coming to the site will want to definitely take a look at the many fellowship and dissertation funding opportunities offered by the SSRC. Visitors may also browse through the SSRC quarterly publication, Items & Issues, which features essays, roundtables, and other writings by participants in SSRC-sponsored programs.

43

Communicating science in social settings  

PubMed Central

This essay examines the societal dynamics surrounding modern science. It first discusses a number of challenges facing any effort to communicate science in social environments: lay publics with varying levels of preparedness for fully understanding new scientific breakthroughs; the deterioration of traditional media infrastructures; and an increasingly complex set of emerging technologies that are surrounded by a host of ethical, legal, and social considerations. Based on this overview, I discuss four areas in which empirical social science helps clarify intuitive but sometimes faulty assumptions about the social-level mechanisms of science communication and outline an agenda for bench and social scientists—driven by current social-scientific research in the field of science communication—to guide more effective communication efforts at the societal level in the future. PMID:23940341

Scheufele, Dietram A.

2013-01-01

44

Systems Science Approach to Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Behaviours of many complex systems of interest cannot be adequately described since the underlying science has not advanced enough to be able to tease out the mathematical relationships. There is a need therefore to use methods and tools that capture the structure in the data that is representative of the systems behaviour. The subject of system identification allows us to deduce mathematical relations that govern the dynamics of systems based on the observed data. In addition, it can also be used to understand the system from basic principles. In this brief talk, the main approaches of systems science to data are reviewed identifying their strengths and limitations. The approaches include computational intelligence methods such as neural networks, genetic algorithms and fuzzy logic, as well as system identification methods in both time and frequency domains. Examples from physical science, neuroscience and social science serve to highlight achievements of the systems science approach to data.

Kadirkamanathan, Visakan

45

XXXVII Indian Social Science Congress,  

E-print Network

SEARCH Events Dec 27 XXXVII Indian Social Science Congress, Faculty of Social Science Dec 29 UGC Disrupted due to Replacement of existing switch with a higher one AMU has been ranked 9 th among the INDIAN TOP TEN LIST in its latest world reputation rankings for 2013 by Times Higher Education (THE), UK Prof

Nahar, Sultana Nurun

46

Study Abroad in Social Sciences  

E-print Network

Study Abroad in Social Sciences Studying abroad is increasingly important for social science majors gained are critical to the companies' success. Why should I go abroad? Studying abroad is an opportunity your studies and career. Some of the potential benefits of going abroad include: Experience another

Heller, Barbara

47

Computational Social Science Riccardo Pietri  

E-print Network

and nowa- days technologies such as smartphones and Online Social Networks. CSS's studies are aimedPrivacy in Computational Social Science Riccardo Pietri Kongens Lyngby 2013 IMM-M.Sc.-2013-68 #12;Summary The goal of the thesis is to give an overview of privacy management in Computa- tional Social

48

Science, Semantics, and Social Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social semiotics suggests that social and cultural formations, including the language and practice of science and the ways in which new generations and communities advance them, develop as an integral part of the evolution of social ecosystems. Some recent models of complex dynamic systems in physics, chemistry, and biology focus more on the…

Lemke, J. L.

49

& social sciences Postgraduatecourses  

E-print Network

.S.W.) 104 M.Sc. Courses 105 Applied Social Research 105 Child Protection and Welfare 106 Drug and Alcohol Policy 107 M.Phil. Courses 108 Social Work Research 108 Postgraduate Diplomas 109 Child Protection, Conflict 101 SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK AND SOCIAL POLICY 102 Named Degree Courses 104 Master in Social Work (M

O'Mahony, Donal E.

50

Integration of the biophysical and social sciences using an indicator approach: Addressing water problems at different scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

To be operationally sustainable, any system of environmental management needs to be based on a truly holistic assessment of\\u000a all of the relevant factors influencing it. This is of course a daunting task, demanding as it does detailed and reliable\\u000a data, not only from both the physical and social sciences, but also incorporating some representation of that part of knowledge

Caroline A. Sullivan; Jeremy R Meigh

2007-01-01

51

FACULT DES SCIENCES HUMAINES ET SOCIALES -SORBONNE  

E-print Network

FACULTÉ DES SCIENCES HUMAINES ET SOCIALES - SORBONNE LICENCE EN SCIENCES HUMAINES ET SOCIALES ANNÉE UNIVERSITAIRE 2013-2014 MENTION SCIENCES DU Vaillant 92100 Boulogne-Billancourt L3, M1 et M2 Faculté des Sciences

Pellier, Damien

52

Social Science Research Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Social Science Electronic Publishing (SSEP), this site allows users to freely access thousands of abstracts and full-text research papers. The core of the site is the SSRN Electronic Library, which contains an Abstract Database with over 15,600 entries and an Electronic Paper Collection, which currently contains over 4,200 full-text papers. Users can search title, abstract, and author fields, or browse the journals, which are grouped under the five respective Research Networks that form the SSRN: Accounting, Economics, Latin American, Financial, and Legal Scholarship. Within each journal entry, users may select from several display options to narrow their results and available full-text documents are indicated by a special symbol. Information on each of the five networks, including conference and job announcements, as well as information on subscribing and a list of site licenses, is accessible via a menu panel on the left side of the main page. According to SSEP, access to the abstracts and full-text papers will remain free of charge to all users until "the next revision to the web site this winter."

53

Social Science Research Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Social Science Electronic Publishing (SSEP), this site allows users to freely access thousands of abstracts and full-text research papers. The core of the site is the SSRN Electronic Library, which contains an Abstract Database with over 15,600 entries and an Electronic Paper Collection, which currently contains over 4,200 full-text papers. Users can search title, abstract, and author fields, or browse the journals, which are grouped under the five respective Research Networks that form the SSRN: Accounting, Economics, Latin American, Financial, and Legal Scholarship. Within each journal entry, users may select from several display options to narrow their results and available full-text documents are indicated by a special symbol. Information on each of the five networks, including conference and job announcements, as well as information on subscribing and a list of site licenses, is accessible via a menu panel on the left side of the main page. According to SSEP, access to the abstracts and full-text papers will remain free of charge to all users until \\"the next revision to the web site this winter.\\"

54

Mixed Methods Approaches in Family Science Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The complex phenomena of interest to family scientists require the use of quantitative and qualitative approaches. Researchers across the social sciences are now turning to mixed methods designs that combine these two approaches. Mixed methods research has great promise for addressing family science topics, but only if researchers understand the…

Plano Clark, Vicki L.; Huddleston-Casas, Catherine A.; Churchill, Susan L.; Green, Denise O'Neil; Garrett, Amanda L.

2008-01-01

55

Mixed Methods Approaches in Family Science Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The complex phenomena of interest to family scientists require the use of quantitative and qualitative approaches. Researchers across the social sciences are now turning to mixed methods designs that combine these two approaches. Mixed methods research has great promise for addressing family science topics, but only if researchers understand the design options and procedures that accompany this methodological choice. Discussions

Vicki L. Plano Clark; Catherine A. Huddleston-Casas; Susan L. Churchill; Denise ONeil Green; Amanda L. Garrett

2008-01-01

56

Validity and Reliability in Social Science Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the author aims to provide novice researchers with an understanding of the general problem of validity in social science research and to acquaint them with approaches to developing strong support for the validity of their research. She provides insight into these two important concepts, namely (1) validity; and (2) reliability, and…

Drost, Ellen A.

2011-01-01

57

Human Ecology: An Approach to the Science Laboratory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of and recommends a new direction for laboratory work within the context of teaching human ecology for science and social science teachers and compares traditional and human ecological approaches to science laboratory work. (CS)

Bybee, Rodger W.; And Others

1981-01-01

58

Languages Undergraduate Social and Policy Sciences  

E-print Network

has real impact on national and international social policy and on sociological debates. This meansLanguages Undergraduate Social and Policy Sciences Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Sociology BSc (Hons) Social Policy BSc (Hons) Sociology and Social Policy BSc (Hons) Social Sciences #12;www

Burton, Geoffrey R.

59

The future in the social sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

How the social sciences conceptualize the future depends in varying measure upon intellectual developments within these sciences, upon competition versus cooperation between them, and upon changes in the surrounding society that alter the role of social science. This article notes that social science has matured into a set of somewhat static disciplines that do not expect to grow rapidly as

W. S. Bainbridge

2003-01-01

60

Gaga over Google? Scholar in the Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To provide a summary of the main features of Google Scholar. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Reviews, contextualizes and provides a summary of Google Scholar. Findings – This article compares the results of a sample search on “homeschooling in Google Scholar against the results in three fee-based article index databases in the social sciences: PsycINFO, Social Science Citation Index, and ERIC.

Susan Gardner; Susanna Eng

2005-01-01

61

Social Work Arts & Sciences  

E-print Network

.S. students who report their race/ethnicity identification. Seniors Freshmen Sophomores Juniors Total Arts,004 637 383 Hispanic Ethnicity Non-Hispanic Self-Reported Race Black or African-American American Indian107 751 278 545 312 824 871 788 Theology & Ministry Social Work Nursing Management Law School

Huang, Jianyu

62

SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE  

E-print Network

SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK COLLEGE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE Steve Anderson, PhD Director, School of Social Work FOR THE PHD PROGRAM IN SOCIAL WORK ACADEMIC YEAR 2014-2015 #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS WELCOME ................................................................. 4 B. Core Social Work Classes.................................................................... 5

63

Faculty of Social Sciences School of Social Work  

E-print Network

Faculty of Social Sciences School of Social Work Undergraduate and Postgraduate Courses #12;Contents 03 Welcome to the School of Social Work 04 Why Study with Us? Our Undergraduate Qualifying Course 06 BA Social Work 08 A Student's Experience Our Postgraduate Qualifying Course 10 MA Social Work 11

Hammerton, Paul

64

Social Science & Medicine ] (  

E-print Network

Science Ltd. Keywords: USA; Drug names; Patient safety; Visual perception; Pharmacists; Medication error Introduction Recent estimates suggest that medical errors of all types may cause the death of between 44). Errors involving medication cause the death of one person every day in the US, and injure more than

Gupta, Prahlad

65

History of the Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the history of the social sciences in America, indicating that the field is still chiefly a collection of topics, albeit important ones such as mental hospitals, child development, and eugenics. Also indicates that although source materials are vast, synthetic overviews are needed in a number of areas. (JN)

Cravens, Hamilton

1985-01-01

66

University Rankings and Social Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University rankings widely affect the behaviours of prospective students and their families, university executive leaders, academic faculty, governments and investors in higher education. Yet the social science foundations of global rankings receive little scrutiny. Rankings that simply recycle reputation without any necessary connection to real…

Marginson, Simon

2014-01-01

67

Some frontiers in social science.  

PubMed

The fundamental challenge in the social sciences is moving from complicated correlations to useful prediction. Progress usually reflects an interplay between theory, data, and tools. Six areas of innovation, principally data and tools, are now pushing at the frontiers of these sciences: longitudinal data, laboratory experimentation, improved statistical methods, geographic information tools, biosocial science, and international replication. These innovations are gaining power as they cross disciplinary boundaries, helping to attribute causality to observed relationships, to understand their nature, and thereby to improve the accuracy and usefulness of predictions. PMID:16809524

Butz, William P; Torrey, Barbara Boyle

2006-06-30

68

Project StORe: Social Science report   

E-print Network

There was widespread support across the social science research community regarding the aims of the StORe Project Nearly half of social science respondents claimed that both source-to-output and out-put-to source repositories ...

Burton, Guy

69

Social science computing: 1967-1972  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social science computing continues to grow both in quantity and variety of problem applications. Increasing numbers of social scientists are using increasing amounts of computer time on an increasing array of machines. Social scientists have upgraded their competence in computing and produced a number of programming systems for use in their research and instructional activities. Each year more social science

Hugh F. Cline

1972-01-01

70

Archives de sciences sociales des religions  

E-print Network

Archives de sciences sociales des religions Numéro 144 (octobre-décembre 2008) Varia de l'�tat chinois, 1900-2008 », Archives de sciences sociales des religions [En ligne], 144 sciences sociales des religions #12; #12; #12;#12; #12; #12; #12; #12; #12

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

71

Archives de sciences sociales des religions  

E-print Network

Archives de sciences sociales des religions 115 (juillet-septembre 2001) Islam et politique dans religions #12;Quel islam en Bulgarie post-communiste ? 2 Archives de sciences sociales des religions, 115 vigueur en France. Revues.org est un portail de revues en sciences humaines et sociales développé par le

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

72

Archives de sciences sociales des religions  

E-print Network

Archives de sciences sociales des religions Numéro 140 (octobre - décembre 2007) Varia) © Archives de sciences sociales des religions #12;Yves Déloye, Les voix de Dieu. Pour une autre histoire du suffrage électoral : le clergé (...) 2 Archives de sciences sociales des religions, 140 | octobre

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

73

Archives de sciences sociales des religions  

E-print Network

Archives de sciences sociales des religions Numéro 138 (avril - juin 2007) Varia://assr.revues.org/4752 Ce document est le fac-similé de l'édition papier. © Archives de sciences sociales des religions vigueur en France. Revues.org est un portail de revues en sciences humaines et sociales développé par le

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

74

Archives de sciences sociales des religions  

E-print Network

Archives de sciences sociales des religions 157 (janvier-mars 2012) Christianismes en Océanie). ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Référence électronique Yannick Fer, « Introduction », Archives de sciences sociales des religions [En ligne pour l'édition électronique ouverte) © Archives de sciences sociales des religions #12;Yannick Fer

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

75

Archives de sciences sociales des religions  

E-print Network

Archives de sciences sociales des religions 131-132 (juillet - décembre 2005) Varia guerre indo-pakistanaise de 1999 », Archives de sciences sociales des religions [En ligne], 131 de l'édition papier. © Archives de sciences sociales des religions #12;Rites publics et deuil

Boyer, Edmond

76

Archives de sciences sociales des religions  

E-print Network

Archives de sciences sociales des religions 157 (janvier-mars 2012) Christianismes en Océanie évangéliques », Archives de sciences sociales des religions [En ligne], 157 | janvier-mars 2012, mis en ligne pour l'édition électronique ouverte) © Archives de sciences sociales des religions #12;Yannick Fer Le

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

77

Social Science Docket, 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A joint publication of the New York and New Jersey State Councils for the Social Studies, "Social Science Docket" presents K-12 teachers with resources covering the social science disciplines, including history, economics, political science, sociology, geography, anthropology, and psychology. Each issue includes theme-related and non-themed…

Singer, Alan, Ed.

2001-01-01

78

Institute of Social Science, University of Tokyo  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute of Social Science, University of Tokyo now has a WWW server. The server offers Social Science Japan, an online magazine containing articles on recent trends in economics, political science and legal research on Japan. An events diary of conferences, seminars etc. for social scientists interested in Japan.

79

Sustainability Strategic Plan College of Social Sciences  

E-print Network

Sustainability Strategic Plan College of Social Sciences San José State University Fall 2010 #12;Rachel O'Malley Faculty in Residence for Sustainability College of Social Sciences San José State University July 30, 2010 Sustainability Strategic Plan College of Social Sciences, San José State University

Su, Xiao

80

Sun--Grounding Social Sciences in Cognitive Sciences I Introduction  

E-print Network

G Sun--Grounding Social Sciences in Cognitive Sciences I Introduction Sun_8928_001_main.indd 1 1/10/2012 6:35:15 PM #12;G Sun--Grounding Social Sciences in Cognitive Sciences Sun_8928_001_main.indd 2 1/10/2012 6:35:15 PM #12;G Sun--Grounding Social Sciences in Cognitive Sciences 1 Prolegomenato

Sun, Ron

81

Manifesto of computational social science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The increasing integration of technology into our lives has created unprecedented volumes of data on society's everyday behaviour. Such data opens up exciting new opportunities to work towards a quantitative understanding of our complex social systems, within the realms of a new discipline known as Computational Social Science. Against a background of financial crises, riots and international epidemics, the urgent need for a greater comprehension of the complexity of our interconnected global society and an ability to apply such insights in policy decisions is clear. This manifesto outlines the objectives of this new scientific direction, considering the challenges involved in it, and the extensive impact on science, technology and society that the success of this endeavour is likely to bring about.

Conte, R.; Gilbert, N.; Bonelli, G.; Cioffi-Revilla, C.; Deffuant, G.; Kertesz, J.; Loreto, V.; Moat, S.; Nadal, J.-P.; Sanchez, A.; Nowak, A.; Flache, A.; San Miguel, M.; Helbing, D.

2012-11-01

82

SCORE History / Social Science Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

SCORE, a cooperative project of the California County Superintendent's Educational Services Association, has made K-12 teacher and student resources in four major subject areas available at sites in Humboldt County (Science), San Diego County (Language Arts), Kings County (Mathematics), and San Bernardino and Butte Counties (Social Studies). While each site has its own personality and delivery style, they all make an attempt to break out teacher and/or student resources by grade level. In some cases (Science, Social Studies) this is done through a search interface. In others (Language Arts, Mathematics) it is done via a browsable interface. It is this categorization, plus the fact that resources are selected, evaluated, and annotated by teachers, that is the both the power and unifying theme of the sites. Depending on the site, assessment and teacher development sections may also be available.

83

Growing a Unified Social Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growing Artificial Societies: Social Science from the Bottom Up, by Joshua M. Epstein and Robert Axtell. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1996. 208 pages, $39.95 hardcover (ISBN 0-262- 05053-6); $18.95 paperback (ISBN 0-262-55025-3); $59.95 CD-ROM + paperback (ISBN 0-262-55026-1). Websites: http:\\/\\/www.brook.edu\\/pub\\/booknote\\/society.htm and http:\\/\\/ mitpress.mit.edu\\/mitp\\/recent-books\\/sci\\/epsgh.html

Bernhard Borges

1997-01-01

84

A Focus on Writing in Social Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal on writing instruction focusses on writing as a way of teaching social science. History, like science, needs to be taught as an evolving base of knowledge, rather than reverence for the way the story was told in the past. Integrating primary source materials with literature, both in language arts and social science, will help students…

Franklin, Sharon, Ed.

1992-01-01

85

The Science of Social Media Kristina Lerman  

E-print Network

#12;USC Information Sciences Institute User interface Collective behavior Design cycle design predict with desired behavior #12;USC Information Sciences Institute Why now? Datadriven network science Availability social behavior · How does social behavior arise from individual interactions? · How far and how fast

Lerman, Kristina

86

Should Social Studies and Science Be Taught in the Primary Grades?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the debate over basic education vs an educational program for elementary schools which includes social studies and science. Suggests that students will benefit most from a structured approach to science and social studies concepts, values, and skills. Journal available from Dr. R. L. VanSickle, Editor, Georgia Social Science Journal,…

Turner, Thomas N.

1979-01-01

87

Psychology, Social Sciences recommended Spanish and Speech Communication recommended  

E-print Network

Arkansas Psychology, Social Sciences recommended Spanish and Speech Communication recommended languages, and course work in behavioral sciences UC Irvine Psychology, Spanish are recommended UCLA Courses of Connecticut Social sciences, psychology recommended Florida Florida International Unversity Social Sciences

Hone, James

88

Evolutionary Theories in Social Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With the stated mission of serving "as the premier information site for scholars interested in evolutionary thought in the social sciences," this site offers materials relating to a broad interdisciplinary field that includes sociobiology, management, evolutionary biology, business history, anthropology, and even mathematics and engineering, among others. The site includes an extensive, discipline-indexed bibliography, book reviews (with authorial replies), abstracts of working papers, a discussion list, conference and symposium news, a listing of researchers with contact information, a listing of links to relevant print and e-journals, and PhD syllabi, including links to course texts from the Kellogg School of Management and the European Doctoral Training Programme on the Economics of Technological and Institutional Change. Note: authors may be contacted through the site for copies of working papers (there is no mention of a fee for these copies). The site is maintained by two social scientists from Northwestern University, Johann Peter Murmann and Joe Fleischhacker.

89

[Information flow between medical and social sciences].  

PubMed

In order to reveal impacts of natural and social sciences on each other, the authors examined connections between fields of medical and social sciences using a search for references and citations of scientific publication. 1. The largest affinity between the medical and social sciences was found between neurosciences and psychology, but there was a significant affinity between clinical sciences and general social sciences, as well. 2. The example of General & Internal Medicine papers in the topics of "diabetes" suggests that in the period 2001-2010 the share of references to social sciences was significantly increased. In the meantime, social science papers in the same topics contained references to Clinical Medicine papers in a constantly high percentage. 3. In the sample under study, the age distribution of social science papers in the references did not differ significantly from that of the other sources. 4. Share of references to social science papers was found to be extremely high among Hungarian General & Internal Medicine papers in the topics of "diabetes". This finding still requires clarification, nevertheless, since e.g. it was not supported by an institutional comparison including the largest Hungarian medical research university. 5. The intensity of the reference/citation mediated information flows between the Hungarian Medical Journal, Orvosi Hetilap and social sciences appears to be in accordance with the current international trends. PMID:25528322

Schubert, András; Somogyi, Anikó

2014-12-28

90

Faculty Approaches to Assessing Critical Thinking in the Humanities and the Natural and Social Sciences: Implications for General Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis of interviews, focus-group discussions, assessment instruments, and assignment prompts revealed that within general education, faculty assessed critical thinking as faceted using methods and criteria that varied epistemically across disciplines. Faculty approaches were misaligned with discipline-general institutional approaches.…

Nicholas, Mark C.; Labig, Chalmer E., Jr.

2013-01-01

91

Animal welfare science—Working at the interface between the natural and social sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Animal welfare science has pioneered in interdisciplinary work in many ways. However, this work has mainly taken place among researchers from the natural sciences. This paper discusses the advantages and disadvantages of using broad interdisciplinary approaches to scientific animal welfare questions, including collaboration between the natural and social sciences. The word “interdisciplinary” has been interpreted in various ways; we discuss

Vonne Lund; Grahame Coleman; Stefan Gunnarsson; Michael Calvert Appleby; Katri Karkinen

2006-01-01

92

Applying spatial thinking in social science research  

PubMed Central

Spatial methods that build upon Geographic Information Systems are spreading quickly across the social sciences. This essay points out that the appropriate use of spatial tools requires more careful thinking about spatial concepts. As easy as it is now to measure distance, it is increasingly important to understand what we think it represents. To interpret spatial patterns, we need spatial theories. We review here a number of key concepts as well as some of the methodological approaches that are now at the disposal of researchers, and illustrate them with studies that reflect the very wide range of problems that use these tools. PMID:20431703

Logan, John R.; Zhang, Weiwei; Xu, Hongwei

2010-01-01

93

Social Science Research Serving Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of articles provides an overview of some of the recent social science research projects performed by state agricultural experiment stations. The examples highlight social science's contribution to problem-solving in rural business, industry, farming, communities, government, education, and families. The following programs are…

Miron, Mary, Ed.

94

Characteristics of Citations in Social Science Monographs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

DISISS (Design of Information Systems in the Social Sciences) is a research project based at the University of Bath. The objective of the project is to carry out research necessary for the effective design of information systems in the social sciences, whether by the creation of new systems or the modification of existing systems. Analysis of…

Roberts, S. A.; And Others

95

Archaeology as a social science.  

PubMed

Because of advances in methods and theory, archaeology now addresses issues central to debates in the social sciences in a far more sophisticated manner than ever before. Coupled with methodological innovations, multiscalar archaeological studies around the world have produced a wealth of new data that provide a unique perspective on long-term changes in human societies, as they document variation in human behavior and institutions before the modern era. We illustrate these points with three examples: changes in human settlements, the roles of markets and states in deep history, and changes in standards of living. Alternative pathways toward complexity suggest how common processes may operate under contrasting ecologies, populations, and economic integration. PMID:22547811

Smith, Michael E; Feinman, Gary M; Drennan, Robert D; Earle, Timothy; Morris, Ian

2012-05-15

96

Archaeology as a social science  

PubMed Central

Because of advances in methods and theory, archaeology now addresses issues central to debates in the social sciences in a far more sophisticated manner than ever before. Coupled with methodological innovations, multiscalar archaeological studies around the world have produced a wealth of new data that provide a unique perspective on long-term changes in human societies, as they document variation in human behavior and institutions before the modern era. We illustrate these points with three examples: changes in human settlements, the roles of markets and states in deep history, and changes in standards of living. Alternative pathways toward complexity suggest how common processes may operate under contrasting ecologies, populations, and economic integration. PMID:22547811

Smith, Michael E.; Feinman, Gary M.; Drennan, Robert D.; Earle, Timothy; Morris, Ian

2012-01-01

97

http://spp.sagepub.com/ Social Psychological and Personality Science  

E-print Network

http://spp.sagepub.com/ Social Psychological and Personality Science http: 563 originally published online 15 March 2011Social Psychological and Personality Science Yoel Inbar for Personality and Social Psychology Association for Research in Personality European Association of Social

98

Agent-Based Computational Models and Generative Social Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agent-based computational modeling is changing the face of social science. In Generative Social Science, Joshua Epstein argues that this powerful, novel technique permits the social sciences to meet a fundamentally new standard of explanation, in which one \\

Joshua M. Epstein

1999-01-01

99

Science in History, Volume 4: The Social Sciences, Conclusion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume, the last of four, includes parts seven and eight of the eight parts in the series. Part Seven deals with the sciences of society which are described as the latest and most imperfect of the sciences. It is doubtful if, in their present form, they can be called sciences at all. The historical development of the social sciences is traced…

Bernal, J. D.

100

Expertise Finding: Approaches to Foster Social Capital  

E-print Network

the potential to foster social capital by matching human actors. The matching algorithms are basedExpertise Finding: Approaches to Foster Social Capital Andreas Becks1, Tim Reichling2, Volker Wulf1 have positive and negative impacts on social capital. In this paper we discuss technologies which have

101

The body social: an enactive approach to the self  

PubMed Central

This paper takes a new look at an old question: what is the human self? It offers a proposal for theorizing the self from an enactive perspective as an autonomous system that is constituted through interpersonal relations. It addresses a prevalent issue in the philosophy of cognitive science: the body-social problem. Embodied and social approaches to cognitive identity are in mutual tension. On the one hand, embodied cognitive science risks a new form of methodological individualism, implying a dichotomy not between the outside world of objects and the brain-bound individual but rather between body-bound individuals and the outside social world. On the other hand, approaches that emphasize the constitutive relevance of social interaction processes for cognitive identity run the risk of losing the individual in the interaction dynamics and of downplaying the role of embodiment. This paper adopts a middle way and outlines an enactive approach to individuation that is neither individualistic nor disembodied but integrates both approaches. Elaborating on Jonas’ notion of needful freedom it outlines an enactive proposal to understanding the self as co-generated in interactions and relations with others. I argue that the human self is a social existence that is organized in terms of a back and forth between social distinction and participation processes. On this view, the body, rather than being identical with the social self, becomes its mediator. PMID:25309471

Kyselo, Miriam

2014-01-01

102

Archives de sciences sociales des religions  

E-print Network

Archives de sciences sociales des religions Numéro 131-132 (juillet - décembre 2005) Varia », Archives de sciences sociales des religions [En ligne], 131-132 | juillet - décembre 2005, mis en ligne le religions #12;Genèse des émotions au sein des Assemblées de Dieu polynésiennes 2 Archives de sciences

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

103

Science In a Social CONtext: Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science In a Social CONtext is a series of eight books based on the project SISCON-in-Schools. The books provide a new course in science and society for general studies at sixth-form level. The course has been specially designed to make scientific problems accessible to the non-scientist, as well as to explain the social aspects of science to the…

Addinell, Sue, Comp.; Solomon, Joan, Comp.

104

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences: SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY  

E-print Network

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences: SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY Possible Careers Market Researcher.sociologyandsocialanthropology.dal.ca Professional Associations The Canadian Anthropology Society - www.cas-sca.ca The Society for Applied Anthropology - www.sfaa.net American Anthropological Association - www.aaanet.org The Canadian Sociology

Brownstone, Rob

105

From global change science to action with social sciences  

SciTech Connect

US efforts to integrate social and biophysical sciences to address the issue of global change exist within a wider movement to understand global change as a societal challenge and to inform policy. Insights from the social sciences can help transform global change research into action.

Weaver, C. P.; Mooney, Sian; Allen, D.; Beller-Simms, Nancy; Fish, T.; Grambsch, A.; Hohenstein, W.; Jacobs, Kathy; Kenney, Melissa A.; Lane, Meredith A.; Langner, L.; Larson, E.; McGinnis, D. L.; Moss, Richard H.; Nichols, L. G.; Nierenberg, Claudia; Seyller, E. A.; Stern, Paul; Winthrop, R.

2014-08-01

106

Social approach to pain in laboratory mice  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been recently demonstrated that pain behavior in the mouse can be modulated by the presence of a conspecific, but what remains unclear is whether such pain behavior can serve the function of soliciting social approach. Using a novel social approach paradigm, we tested mice in various dyadic or triadic conditions, including “jailed” mice—some in pain via intraperitoneal injection

Dale J. Langford; Alexander H. Tuttle; Kara Brown; Sonya Deschenes; David B. Fischer; Amelia Mutso; Kathleen C. Root; Susana G. Sotocinal; Matthew A. Stern; Jeffrey S. Mogil; Wendy F. Sternberg

2010-01-01

107

Sociology and Climate Change after KyotoWhat Roles for Social Science in Understanding Climate Change?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on the comparatively neglected role of the social sciences (including economics) and of assumptions about the social functioning of the scientific community in projections about climate change and about societies' responses to changing climates and related environmental phenomena. Using an approach informed by social constructionism and science and technology studies, it examines the part played by the

Steven Yearley

2009-01-01

108

Master in Social Sciences and Educational Sciences Master acadmique  

E-print Network

Master in Social Sciences and Educational Sciences Master académique The two-year full-time study of academic disciplines, including educational science, history and sociology, are jointly utilized education as well as informal, inclusive and lifelong learning emphasize this growing significance. Thus

van der Torre, Leon

109

IRVINE: DEPARTMENT OF COGNITIVE SCIENCES SCHOOL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

, the discipline as offered at other UC campuses, and development of the discipline at UCI. Cognitive ScienceIRVINE: DEPARTMENT OF COGNITIVE SCIENCES SCHOOL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES Final: 1/30/2013 1 January 29, 2013 TO: MARY GILLY SENATE CHAIR RE: PROPOSAL FOR A B.S. DEGREE IN COGNITIVE

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

110

Putting Social Sciences to the Test - Assignments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The course is a new class on the topic of field (that is, 'in situ') and laboratory experiments in the social sciences - both what these experiments have taught and can teach us and how to conduct them.

MIT

111

Division of Social Sciences New Faculty Handbook  

E-print Network

, intercultural competence, and environmental stewardship. The mission of the Division of Social Sciences of their chosen majors, and competence in the methodologies, techniques, and skills required in their fields

Minnesota, University of

112

Faculty Arts & Social Sciences Bachelor of Arts  

E-print Network

Faculty Arts & Social Sciences Bachelor of Arts Han, Kyoung Min Major Linguistics Korea Secondary Linguistics Alpha Secondary School BC Bachelor of Arts Diep, Stanley Long Quoc Major Criminology Forest Lawn

113

http://ssc.sagepub.com Social Science Computer Review  

E-print Network

, social demography, political and economic elites, social class, ethnicity, and numerous other fieldshttp://ssc.sagepub.com Social Science Computer Review 1999; 17; 245Social Science Computer Review of this article can be found at: Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com can be found at:Social Science

White, Douglas R.

114

Visions of the Future. Social Science Activities Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to put both national and global issues into perspective and help students make decisions about their futures, this supplementary social science activities text provides students with various approaches for thinking about future resources. The program can be integrated into high school classes focusing on government problems, current…

Melnick, Rob; And Others

115

Patterns of Knowledge Communities in the Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses knowledge communities and emphasizes the way that the epistemology of science influences scientific society. Topics include positivist and nonpositivist discourses; knowledge creation and organization; a sociological approach to knowledge communities; social epistemology and an epistemological sociology; and implications for information…

Pahre, Robert

1996-01-01

116

A Science of Social Work? Response to John Brekke  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I take the opportunity provided by John Brekke's (2012) article to respond to the general assumptions and approaches that may be brought when considering the question of a science of social work. I consider first, what should be our frames of reference, our communities of interest, or our boundaries of inclusion, for such a discussion?…

Shaw, Ian

2014-01-01

117

Social Science Research Centre University of Canterbury  

E-print Network

technologies. Scott Lash (1994), a social/cultural theorist, provides a framework for thinking about community. This concern arises out of a set of changes in the 80s and 90s whereby a technology revolution (miniaturization1 Social Science Research Centre University of Canterbury Working Paper 2. ICT and Community Series

Hickman, Mark

118

The Master's in Social Sciences and Humanities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three general levels of degrees can be categorized in some general sense: the bachelor's program emphasizes the simple ideas about social systems in the social sciences and the basic ideas about the development of value systems and the appreciation of values in the humanities; master's degrees, at least in the major institutions, are often…

Boddy, Francis M.

119

Old Fears Haunt New Social Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In September 1965, not long after news broke about a Pentagon-sponsored program to study social conflict in South America, the Social Science Research Council played host to a meeting on overseas research. Feelings were raw. Opposition to the Vietnam War was mounting, and many scholars worried that the Pentagon's studies of conflict and…

Glenn, David

2008-01-01

120

Applied Social Science, Teaching, and Political Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Behind differences in style of North and Latin American social scientists lie profound divergences of conceptions of social science and of typical levels of analysis. Important consequences of these differences follow for styles of teaching, research, or community involvement. This paper explores these cleavages and exemplifies how one might teach…

Cleary, Edward; Garrido-Pinto, German

1977-01-01

121

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences: Possible Careers  

E-print Network

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences: HISTORY Possible Careers Political Historian Librarian Scientist Editor Social Historian Teacher Research Archaeologist Historic Site Technician Tour Guide Writer Opportunities in Social Science Careers Majors & Careers www.dal.ca/careerinfo #12;

Brownstone, Rob

122

Anthropology The School of Social Sciences  

E-print Network

91 Anthropology The School of Social Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, MA, PhD The major in anthropology has three areas of concentration: cultural studies of science, technology, and medicine; culture fields or combine a major in anthropology with one in another discipline. Degree requirements for BA

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

123

Environmental science as a social process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The felt need for better environmental information for planners and voters is based on maladaptive beliefs about the nature of knowledge and social order. Because there is not a meta-model which links the individual environmental sciences into a coherent whole, understanding complex environmental problems is necessarily a process of discourse between scientists from separate sciences—a process of gaining trust, building

Richard B. Norgaard

1992-01-01

124

The Development of a Basic Social Science Course for Undergraduate Students in the Natural Sciences and Engineering. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a 4-year project was undertaken to restructure the sophomore elective course in social science for natural science and engineering students. The restructured course emphasized an objective, rigorous, and exact approach to social phenomena. Readings were designed to carry the student step by step from…

Pool, Ithiel de Sola; Angell, George W., Jr.

125

The Science of Social Work and Its Relationship to Social Work Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As John Brekke has observed, social work does not use the word "science" to define itself, suggesting a need to articulate a science of social work. This article discusses the science of social work and its relationship to social work practice in the United States, arguing that a "rapprochement" between practice and science

Anastas, Jeane W.

2014-01-01

126

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ DIVISION OF SOCIAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

in the application of information technology and social entrepreneurship to solve social and environmental problems arising from the application of information technologies to solve social and environmental problemsUNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ DIVISION OF SOCIAL SCIENCES INFORMATION

California at Santa Cruz, University of

127

Social Studies: Selected Teaching Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nine essays serving as springboards to the study of historical events and cultures focus on the use of memorabilia and primary resources for teaching social studies. Following a short preface by John I. Thomas, Linda Carrillo examines ways in which folk songs can be used to arouse a child's interest in the study of other cultures. In "Using Older…

Thomas, John I., Ed.

128

Social Sciences: TheSocial Sciences: The Missing Beacon of IndiaMissing Beacon of India  

E-print Network

Social Sciences: TheSocial Sciences: The Missing Beacon of IndiaMissing Beacon of India Invites you strategy and India's Consumer Economy. She has her own consulting practice, and serves or has served on the boards of several of India's leading companies including Infosys, Bharat Petroleum, Mahindra Financial

Srinivasan, N.

129

An Approach for the Accurate Measurement of Social Morality Levels  

PubMed Central

In the social sciences, computer-based modeling has become an increasingly important tool receiving widespread attention. However, the derivation of the quantitative relationships linking individual moral behavior and social morality levels, so as to provide a useful basis for social policy-making, remains a challenge in the scholarly literature today. A quantitative measurement of morality from the perspective of complexity science constitutes an innovative attempt. Based on the NetLogo platform, this article examines the effect of various factors on social morality levels, using agents modeling moral behavior, immoral behavior, and a range of environmental social resources. Threshold values for the various parameters are obtained through sensitivity analysis; and practical solutions are proposed for reversing declines in social morality levels. The results show that: (1) Population size may accelerate or impede the speed with which immoral behavior comes to determine the overall level of social morality, but it has no effect on the level of social morality itself; (2) The impact of rewards and punishment on social morality levels follows the “5?1 rewards-to-punishment rule,” which is to say that 5 units of rewards have the same effect as 1 unit of punishment; (3) The abundance of public resources is inversely related to the level of social morality; (4) When the cost of population mobility reaches 10% of the total energy level, immoral behavior begins to be suppressed (i.e. the 1/10 moral cost rule). The research approach and methods presented in this paper successfully address the difficulties involved in measuring social morality levels, and promise extensive application potentials. PMID:24312189

Liu, Haiyan; Chen, Xia; Zhang, Bo

2013-01-01

130

Mass Media and Socialization: Theoretic Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the major theoretical approaches to the study of socialization, with an emphasis on media effects. The three major bodies of literature studied are the major theoretic approaches utilized in the general area of developmental psychology, the theoretical paradigms evident in studies dealing more specifically with child…

Gordon, Thomas F.

131

The sociopolitical importance of genetic, phenomenological approaches to science teaching and learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article discusses Wolff-Michael Roth's theoretical framework for a phenomenological, genetic approach to science teaching and learning based on the work of Edmund Husserl. This approach advocates the inclusion of student lifeworlds in science education and underlines the importance of thinking about subjectivity in both science and science education. Roth's phenomenological approach exposes several important social, political, and cultural questions for science education. Drawing from Edmund Husserl's philosophy, social theorists, and science education literature, this article discusses some of these important concerns with the goal of highlighting the productive power of a phenomenological approach to science pedagogies.

Bazzul, Jesse

2014-07-01

132

What Future for Social Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each of the authors discussed in this review essay deplores the attempts of scholars in the human sciences to ape their colleagues in the natural sciences and economics. Their criticisms are not dissimilar, nor are they without merit, but it is important to ask the following questions: What would they offer in its place? What kind of…

Schrag, Francis

2004-01-01

133

Becoming Allies: Combining Social Science and Technological Perspectives to Improve Energy Research and Policy Making  

E-print Network

ABSTRACT Within the energy research community, social sciences tends to be viewed fairly narrowly, often-align questions in ways that can lead to the development of technologies and technology policy that are much social science thinking would approach the goal of achieving high energy performance in the commercial

134

Welcome to Social Horizons, the news bulletin from the School of Social Sciences. Why study at the School of Social Sciences?  

E-print Network

Welcome to Social Horizons, the news bulletin from the School of Social Sciences. Why study at the School of Social Sciences? · You'll be able to choose from a dynamic portfolio of courses, with teaching) School of Social Sciences Social Horizons #12;4924/09/08 *4924* © Nottingham Trent University and may

Evans, Paul

135

The Social Sciences Computing Cluster  

E-print Network

nodes, 240 CPUs, 1.1TB RAM total · Networked File Service ­ 14 TB #12;Software · Linux Red Hat sciences · Wide variety of software · Run very long jobs efficiently · Support use of large files, and large collections of files #12;Departments Served · Economics · Psychology · Sociology · Political

136

History and Social Science Curriculum Framework.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum framework represents the first statewide guideline for learning, teaching, and assessment in history and social science for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts's public schools. The framework is based on sound research and effective practice and reflects a vision of how classrooms can and should look to assist all students to achieve…

Massachusetts State Dept. of Education, Boston.

137

School of Social Sciences Division of Psychology  

E-print Network

School of Social Sciences Division of Psychology Spring / Summer 2010 Welcome to the Psychological the Psychological Well-being and Mental Health (PWMH) Research Group; a collection of researchers working in the Division of Psychology at Nottingham Trent University. The newsletter will come out twice a year, in spring

Evans, Paul

138

Faculty of Social Sciences School of Psychology  

E-print Network

Faculty of Social Sciences School of Psychology Undergraduate and Postgraduate Courses #12;Opposite: One of the School of Psychology's Eye Tracking Laboratories. Contents 02 Welcome to the School of Psychology 03 Why Study with Us? 04 Research Informed Teaching 05 A Graduate's Experience Our Undergraduate

Hammerton, Paul

139

Michael Polanyi and the Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the author attempts three things: (a) to describe the main beliefs of the “continental empiricist” epistemology that dominated the study of the social sciences in North America since the mid 1930s; (b) to speak of the influence of this epistemology on the dominant or mainstream school in the study of politics; and (c) to propose a new-old

Maben Walter Poirier

2011-01-01

140

Michael Polanyi and the Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author attempts three things: (a) to describe the main beliefs of the "continental empiricist" epistemology that dominated the study of the social sciences in North America since the mid 1930s; (b) to speak of the influence of this epistemology on the dominant or mainstream school in the study of politics; and (c) to propose a…

Poirier, Maben Walter

2011-01-01

141

FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCE DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY  

E-print Network

FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCE DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY The Department of History invites applications-US Applicants must have a Ph.D. in History, a strong record of scholarly publication, and university- level: · International, Transnational and/or Global History · Public and Digital History · Environment

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

142

Political Specialization and Social Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines a two-dimensional model of political specialization and discusses its implications for social science education. The first dimension, interest specialization, involves the choice of whether or not to devote time and resources to political affairs at all. The interest specialization process of young adults and adults was…

Miller, Jon D.

143

Does Social Background Influence Political Science Grades?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper tests a hypothesized linear relationship between social background and final grades in several political science courses that I taught at the University of Central Arkansas. I employ a cross-sectional research design and ordinary least square (OLS) estimators to test the foregoing hypothesis. Relying on a sample of up to 204…

Tiruneh, Gizachew

2013-01-01

144

Anthropology The School of Social Sciences  

E-print Network

Anthropology The School of Social Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, MA, PhD The major in anthropology fields or combine a major in anthropology with one in another discipline. Degree requirements for BA in Anthropology Students majoring in anthropology must: · Completeatotalof30semesterhoursofapprovedcourses(10hours

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

145

Anthropology The School of Social Sciences  

E-print Network

89 Anthropology The School of Social Sciences Chair George E. Marcus Professors James D. Faubion.A., M.A., Ph.D. The major in anthropology has 2 areas of concentration: cultural anthropology and archaeology. The focus in cultural anthropology is on contemporary theoretical issues. By reading primary

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

146

Anthropology The School of Social Sciences  

E-print Network

91 Anthropology The School of Social Sciences Chair George E. Marcus Professors James D. Faubion.D. The major in anthropology has 2 areas of concentration: cultural anthropology and archaeology. The focus in cultural anthropology is on contemporary theoretical issues. By reading primary sources, students gain

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

147

Anthropology The School of Social Sciences  

E-print Network

86 Anthropology The School of Social Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, MA, PhD The major in anthropology has 2 areas of concentration: cultural anthropology and archaeology.The focus in cultural anthropology is on contemporary theoreti- cal issues. By reading primary sources, students gain an exposure

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

148

Anthropology The School of Social Sciences  

E-print Network

1 Anthropology The School of Social Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, MA, PhD The major in anthropology fields or combine a major in anthropology with one in another discipline. Degree requirements for BA in Anthropology Students majoring in anthropology must: · Completeatotalof30semesterhoursofapprovedcourses(10hours

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

149

Anthropology The School of Social Sciences  

E-print Network

84 Anthropology The School of Social Sciences Chair George E. Marcus Professors Benjamin Lee.D. The major in anthropology has 2 areas of concentration: cultural anthropology and archaeology. The focus in cultural anthropology is on contemporary theoretical issues. By reading primary sources, students gain

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

150

Anthropology The School of Social Sciences  

E-print Network

85 Anthropology The School of Social Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, MA, PhD Themajorinanthropologyhas2areasofconcentration:culturalanthropologyand archaeology.The focus in cultural anthropology facilities. Students may organize a major in one or both fields or combine a major in anthropology with 1

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

151

Anthropology The School of Social Sciences  

E-print Network

85 Anthropology The School of Social Sciences Degrees Offered: BA, MA, PhD The major in anthropology has 2 areas of concentration: cultural anthropology and archaeology.The focus in cultural anthropology is on contemporary theoreti- cal issues. By reading primary sources, students gain an exposure

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

152

Virtual Games in Social Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The new technologies make the appearance of highly motivating and dynamic games with different levels of interaction possible, in which large amounts of data, information, procedures and values are included which are intimately bound with the social sciences. We set out from the hypothesis that videogames may become interesting resources for their…

Lopez, Jose M. Cuenca; Caceres, Myriam J. Martin

2010-01-01

153

Research Methods in the Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is intended as a resource and an indispensable companion to welcome educators into the community of social science research. While it is recognized that some methodological frameworks are incompatible with others, the overarching premise of the book is to indicate how a wide range of researchers choose a methodology and methods which are…

Somekh, Bridget, Ed.; Lewin, Cathy, Ed.

2005-01-01

154

Policy Studies The School of Social Sciences  

E-print Network

Political Economy POLI 378 The Politics of American National Security Policy POLI 462 Comparative Public231 Policy Studies The School of Social Sciences Director Donald Ostdiek Degree Offered: B.A. This interdisciplinary major focuses on policy issues that are of public interest. Students in policy studies evaluate

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

155

Using the Social Sciences for Policy Formulation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is inadequate utilization of social science research in policymaking in India. This is due to the time gap between research and publication, mismatch between need and supply, and the inadequacies of the research. Better performance within the academic system, as well as better communication, can ensure better utilization. (CS)

Atal, Yogesh

1983-01-01

156

Caveat Lector: Reviewing Popular Social Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses problems with reviews and criticisms of popular social science books: the quality and background of reviewers, the difficulty of distinguishing between fact and opinion, and the scarcity of competent reviewers. Analyzes reviews of Robert Ardrey's "African Genesis" and "The Territorial Imperative," Konrad Lorenz's "On Aggression," and…

Hixson, Vivian Scott

1981-01-01

157

Predictive Non-equilibrium Social Science  

E-print Network

Non-Equilibrium Social Science (NESS) emphasizes dynamical phenomena, for instance the way political movements emerge or competing organizations interact. This paper argues that predictive analysis is an essential element of NESS, occupying a central role in its scientific inquiry and representing a key activity of practitioners in domains such as economics, public policy, and national security. We begin by clarifying the distinction between models which are useful for prediction and the much more common explanatory models studied in the social sciences. We then investigate a challenging real-world predictive analysis case study, and find evidence that the poor performance of standard prediction methods does not indicate an absence of human predictability but instead reflects (1.) incorrect assumptions concerning the predictive utility of explanatory models, (2.) misunderstanding regarding which features of social dynamics actually possess predictive power, and (3.) practical difficulties exploiting predictiv...

Colbaugh, Richard; Johnson, Curtis

2013-01-01

158

NESSTAR: Network Social Science Tools and Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The long awaited NESSTAR system, dubbed the "Social Science Dream Machine" by some (see the September 10, 1999 Scout Report), has moved from a beta version into operational mode. Currently, NESSTAR has three main components: 1. NESSTAR Explorer, a search engine for social science data and resources that allows users "to find data across organisational and national boundaries" and browse and download both data and metadata; 2. NESSTAR Publisher, a "collection of tools and resources that enables data publishers and distributors to disseminate data via the Internet;" and 3. an overview of the NESSTAR System Architecture, showing how NESSTAR builds on "state-of-the-art technology like Java, XML, CORBA, etc." Most users will be interested in the Explorer, which currently allows users to retrieve descriptions of data and, in many cases, the data and metadata from the Danish Data Archive, the Finnish Social Science Data Services, the Norweigian Social Science Data Services, and the UK Data Archive. Search options include simple, field, and advanced, and results include information on location, description and accessibility of the data. When data is available it comes up in .html with a framed table of contents. A User Guide is available to help researchers navigate the Explorer. Already, NESSTAR is an excellent resource for instant access to a wide range of social science data, particularly on European topics, and plans are to add more major archives in the future. Caveat: The Macintosh version of NESSTAR Explorer requires a Java 2 virtual machine, but, unfortunately, none are currently available for the Mac OS.

159

Empathy: A Social Cognitive Neuroscience Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been recent widespread interest in the neural underpinnings of the experience of empathy. In this review, we take a social cognitive neuroscience approach to understanding the existing literature on the neuroscience of empathy. A growing body of work suggests that we come to understand and share in the experiences of others by commonly recruiting the same neural structures

Lian T. Rameson; Matthew D. Lieberman

2009-01-01

160

Social and Economic Approaches to Biodiversity Conservation  

E-print Network

Social and Economic Approaches to Biodiversity Conservation: An Annotated Bibliography of the interdisciplinary work involved in the valuation of local-level biodiversity in aquaculture and in examining strategies for grass-roots biodiversity conservation. The project was jointly administered by Saint Mary

Charles, Anthony

161

The Social Science Teacher. 1972. Collected Conference Papers: Social Science Concepts Classroom Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers in this publication are collected from a conference on social science concepts and classroom methods which focused on the theories of Jerome Bruner. The first article, entitled "Jerome Bruner," outlines four of Bruner's themes--structure, readiness, intuition, and interest--which relate to cognitive learning. Three papers--"Socialization"…

Noble, Pat, Ed.; And Others

162

Ethical issues and ethics reviews in social science research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the ethics of social science research has not enjoyed as much scholarly attention as the ethics of biomedical research, social scientists continue to debate the relevance of research ethics and ethics review to social science research. Like social scien- tists, biomedical scientists have also objected to ethical review of biomedical research, and much has been gained from the ensuing

Douglas R Wassenaar; Nicole Mamotte

2008-01-01

163

I. ASCRC General Education Form Group Group VII Social Science  

E-print Network

and interpretation of societies, just as in any social science class: (1) the connections between material cultureI. ASCRC General Education Form Group Group VII Social Science Dept/Program Anthropology Course, and societies; that is, it is the branch of social science that examines humans from the perspective of made

Vonessen, Nikolaus

164

The MAVEN mission to Mars: Communicating science through social media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While science literacy rates in the U.S. have recently increased, overall levels remain remarkably low.There are opportunities for the public to learn about science and to engage directly with real-life practitioners. It is the responsibility of science education and communications professionals to provide these opportunities and to assess the effectiveness of each platform. At the University of Colorado's Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP), we utilize a diverse, well-tested approach to introduce science to the public and to give scientists access to the broadest possible audience. This poster will focus on NASA's MAVEN mission to Mars and the social media outlets we have incorporated into our Education and Public Outreach (EPO) program in order to introduce rather complex science concepts to the public. We'll examine several evaluation tools that are used to provide ongoing, immediate feedback regarding our strategies and to guide long-term efforts. MAVEN educators and scientists are capitalizing on the recent excitement surrounding Mars science and the public's fascination with the search for life to bring the science of the mission directly to a variety of audiences. Our EPO professionals are using cross-platform, transportable content to maximize exposure and create pathways for two-way interactions between our audience and mission experts. We are using social media tools to build a community that will join us in the MAVEN journey and its important scientific discoveries.

Mason, T.; Renfrow, S.

2012-12-01

165

Perspectives and challenges of agent-based simulation as a tool for economics and other social sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that the agent-based simulation approach is just the one appropriate to the social sciences (includ- ing economics). Although there were many predecessor ap- proaches, which tried to build formal models of social sys- tems, all of them fell short of the peculiar features of the objects of all social sciences: complex systems consisting of numerous autonomous actors

Klaus G. Troitzsch

2009-01-01

166

Connecting with Teachers: The Case for Language Teaching Research in the Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paul Stapleton's assessment of the current state of language teaching research (LTR) raises important issues. However, his proposal that social science research approaches in ELT have failed, and that that they should be replaced by approaches from the biological sciences, is unlikely to connect with the knowledge-building needs of ELT…

Kiely, Richard

2014-01-01

167

Political Diversity Will Improve Social Psychological Science.  

PubMed

Psychologists have demonstrated the value of diversity-particularly diversity of viewpoints-for enhancing creativity, discovery, and problem solving. But one key type of viewpoint diversity is lacking in academic psychology in general and social psychology in particular: political diversity. This article reviews the available evidence and finds support for four claims: 1) Academic psychology once had considerable political diversity, but has lost nearly all of it in the last 50 years; 2) This lack of political diversity can undermine the validity of social psychological science via mechanisms such as the embedding of liberal values into research questions and methods, steering researchers away from important but politically unpalatable research topics, and producing conclusions that mischaracterize liberals and conservatives alike; 3) Increased political diversity would improve social psychological science by reducing the impact of bias mechanisms such as confirmation bias, and by empowering dissenting minorities to improve the quality of the majority's thinking; and 4) The underrepresentation of non-liberals in social psychology is most likely due to a combination of self-selection, hostile climate, and discrimination. We close with recommendations for increasing political diversity in social psychology. PMID:25036715

Duarte, José L; Crawford, Jarret T; Stern, Charlotta; Haidt, Jonathan; Jussim, Lee; Tetlock, Philip E

2014-07-18

168

Oxytocin facilitates social approach behavior in women  

PubMed Central

In challenging environments including both numerous threats and scarce resources, the survival of an organism depends on its ability to quickly escape from dangers and to seize opportunities to gain rewards. The phylogenetically ancient neurohormonal oxytocin (OXT) system has been shown to influence both approach and avoidance (AA) behavior in men, but evidence for comparable effects in women is still lacking. We thus conducted a series of pharmacological behavioral experiments in a randomized double-blind study involving 76 healthy heterosexual women treated with either OXT (24 IU) or placebo intranasally. In Experiment 1, we tested how OXT influenced the social distance subjects maintained between themselves and either a female or male experimenter. In Experiment 2, we applied a reaction time based AA task. In Experiment 3 we investigated effects on peri-personal space by measuring the lateral attentional bias in a line bisection task. We found that OXT specifically decreased the distance maintained between subjects and the male but not the female experimenter and also accelerated approach toward pleasant social stimuli in the AA task. However, OXT did not influence the size of peri-personal space, suggesting that it does not alter perception of personal space per se, but rather that a social element is necessary for OXT's effects on AA behavior to become evident. Taken together, our results point to an evolutionarily adaptive mechanism by which OXT in women selectively promotes approach behavior in positive social contexts. PMID:24904342

Preckel, Katrin; Scheele, Dirk; Kendrick, Keith M.; Maier, Wolfgang; Hurlemann, René

2014-01-01

169

Applied social science for environmental planning  

SciTech Connect

As regions and communities are increasingly affected by the projects, programs, and policies of disparate government and private groups, the skills of social scientists are being called on to aid in the environmental planning process. This volume presents accounts of the many ways in which the social sciences are contributing to environmental planning. The authors address the transition from theory to practice in environmental planning, local-level contributions to the planning process, socioeconomic development and planning needs, and socioenvironmental planning and mitigation procedures.

Millsap, W.

1983-01-01

170

I. ASCRC General Education Form Group Social Sciences  

E-print Network

I. ASCRC General Education Form Group Social Sciences Dept/Program School of Social Work Course of social gerontology, including the major bio/psycho/social/cultural/spiritual theories of aging of biological, psychological, social, spiritual, and cultural facets of aging. The course requires students

Vonessen, Nikolaus

171

Online Dictionary of the Social Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From "aboriginal peoples" to "xenophobia," the Online Dictionary of the Social Sciences provides concise definitions for approximately 1,000 entries. Disciplines covered include sociology, criminology, political science, and women's studies with a particular focus on Canadian examples, events, and names. The project is the online version of a dictionary created by Gary Parkinson and Robert Drislane and a product of Athabasca University, Canada, and the International Consortium for the Advancement of Academic Publication (ICAAP). The dictionary can be browsed using an alphabetically arranged index or searched using key words; references are also included to guide users to other related entries.

Drislane, Robert.

172

Science and Social Studies in a Nutshell  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This articles discusses three practicum students and how they took students' interests in peanuts and expanded it into a full unit concerning nuts and the history behind them. In addition to observing, classifying, and measuring nuts, the students learned valuable history lessons. The teachers found a successful way to integrate science and social studies while also discovering that learning takes place naturally when the kids find something that they are truly interested in.

Linda Edwards

2005-03-01

173

Involving College Students in Social Science Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Abstract: To explore early-undergraduate exposure to hands-on research opportunities, we invited students enrolled in three second-year social science courses at a community college to participate in a cross-cultural fear of crime project. Thirty-three students participated, conducting community interviews, or coding and entering data. The students completed a ten-item questionnaire to assess their experience, indicating that participation increased their understanding

William McConnell; Roger G. Albert; John P. Marton

174

Economic and Social Science Research Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With its prestigious record of research and service to the broader public sector, the Economic and Social Science Research Council (ESRC) is the UK's prime research funding and training agency that actively addresses both economic and social concerns. As the website notes, the council seeks "to provide high quality research on issues of importance to business, the public sector, and government." From the homepage, visitors can read extensive information about the Council's seven thematic research priorities (which include social stability and exclusion and lifecourse), along with reading about funding opportunities and available postdoctoral research positions with one of the research centres. As with most research organizations, the selection of publications here is quite good, and includes annual reports, transcripts of lectures given on behalf of the Council, best practice guides, and several special reports, such as Britain Towards 2010 and Fit and Fifty?. Finally, the news area of the site contains the archives and current edition of _The Edge_, a magazine about social science research funded by ESRC.

175

Project Calliope: Science and Social Media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the 'Project Calliope' picosatellite to explore how to use social media to initiate, fund, and engage in scientific research. 'Project Calliope' is a sonified ionospheric detector being launched in 2010 on the "TubeSat" platform. It has no federal or academic contribution, and relies on 'citizen scientists' and such 'citizen journalist' channels as ScientificBlogging.com for its technical and infrastructure support. The fundamental question of whether good science can come from small packages has a mixed answer. We put forth the 'Science2.0' concept of science as play, provide a method for engaging individuals as contributors, discuss the pros and cons of operating a research project with full transparency, and present preliminary K12 outreach results.

Antunes, Alexander

2010-01-01

176

Transportation Energy Conservation Policy: Implications for Social Science Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role social science plays in federal transportation energy conservation policy; assesses the current forms and degree of consideration of social issues in transportation energy policy; and identifies contributions that the social sciences could make in achieving energy conservation goals. (Author/MK)

Zerega, Anne Marie

1981-01-01

177

Open Source Smartphone Libraries for Computational Social Science  

E-print Network

Open Source Smartphone Libraries for Computational Social Science Neal Lathia, Kiran K. Rachuri, Data Management, Open Source, Smartphone Sensing, Social Psychology ACM Classification Keywords H.5.m the information and social sciences [9]. Smartphone applications promise researchers access to large populations

Roussos, George

178

Social science research on medical technology: Utility and limitations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Policies could be better devised and better implemented if greater use were made of the social sciences. However, the social sciences have quite often not produced knowledge adequate to permit resolution of pressing social problems. An example of both of these statements is found in the area of policies toward medical technology. Medical technology has become a major public policy

H. David Banta

1983-01-01

179

Social Search: A Taxonomy of, and a User-Centred Approach to, Social Web Search  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to introduce the notion of social search as a new concept, drawing upon the patterns of web search behaviour. It aims to: define social search; present a taxonomy of social search; and propose a user-centred social search method. Design/methodology/approach: A mixed method approach was adopted to investigate…

McDonnell, Michael; Shiri, Ali

2011-01-01

180

UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL -CLERMONT FERRAND UFR de Psychologie Sciences Sociales et Sciences de l'Education  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL - CLERMONT FERRAND UFR de Psychologie Sciences Sociales et Sciences de l-Joseph Biache, Professeur des Universités, Université Blaise Pascal Clermont Ferrand, STAPS. Marc Durand

Boyer, Edmond

181

Social science research related to wildfire management: an overview of recent findings and future research needs  

E-print Network

dimensions of wildland fire covering diverse topics including: attitudes towards pre-fire mitigation, social fire-mitigation efforts before a fire. Over time, social science research has continued to examine of natural-resource management, the approach to managing wildland fires has evolved over time as scientific

182

John Stuart Mill and Auguste Comte: A trans-cultural comparative epistemology of the social sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper begins by outlining the approaches to the development of a philosophy of social science in the work of Bourdieu, Passeron, and Habermas. The discussion of the positions of Comte and Mill which follows is an historical case-study of the tensions between competing stances adopted in the 1960s — between the tendency to formulate a logic of the social

Derek Robbins

2011-01-01

183

The Employment Outlook for Social Science Majors in the South.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This assessment of the future job market for social science graduates is made both generically and separately for certain disciplines. The definition of the social sciences follows the USOE definition and includes: anthropology, archeology, economics, history, geography, political science, sociology, criminology, international relations, urban…

Galambos, Eva C.

184

Interdisciplinarity and the social sciences: capital, institutions and autonomy.  

PubMed

Recent discussions about disciplinarity and interdisciplinarity in the social sciences have tended to map and critique methods, theories and approaches to knowledge production, but spend less time exploring the ways in which institutional constraints and personal trajectories produce different kinds of disciplinarity and interdisciplinarity. In this paper we present findings on interdisciplinarity from UK research undertaken as part of an EC project on knowledge, gender and institutions. The research involved a small survey (n = 14), in-depth interviews (n = 5), two focus groups (n = 7) and observation of social scientists in one university department between June 2006 and April 2007. We reflect on the unwillingness of social scientists to confront the conditions of our academic labour in an account of our difficulties with gaining access and respondents in this study, before moving on to consider some of the different ways in which interdisciplinarity and disciplinary commitments were related to particular forms of scientific and symbolic capital. We go on to discuss this in relation to the autonomy of academic teaching-and-research staff compared to contract researchers, and consider the implications of our findings for the future of interdisciplinarity and the social sciences. PMID:22150380

Garforth, Lisa; Kerr, Anne

2011-12-01

185

Developing partnerships for health and social science research: The International Clinical Epidemiology Network (INCLEN) social science component  

Microsoft Academic Search

A decade after its inception, the International Clinical Epidemiology Network (INCLEN) adopted a social science component. Health social science concepts were added to a physician training curriculum encompassing epidemiology, biostatistics and clinical economics, and a position was created for qualified social scientists at 26 clinical epidemiology units in developing country medical schools. This paper describes the INCLEN model for strengthening

Nick Higginbotham

1992-01-01

186

The Intel Science and Technology Center for Social Computing  

E-print Network

is Social What these examples teach us is that, however profoundly technology changes, driven by Moore's LawIntel Labs The Intel Science and Technology Center for Social Computing Abstract Social Computing is the study of information technologies and digital media as social and cultural phenomena. Rather than using

Dourish,Paul

187

Prospects for direct social perception: a multi-theoretical integration to further the science of social cognition  

PubMed Central

In this paper we suggest that differing approaches to the science of social cognition mirror the arguments between radical embodied and traditional approaches to cognition. We contrast the use in social cognition of theoretical inference and mental simulation mechanisms with approaches emphasizing a direct perception of others’ mental states. We build from a recent integrative framework unifying these divergent perspectives through the use of dual-process theory and supporting social neuroscience research. Our elaboration considers two complementary notions of direct perception: one primarily stemming from ecological psychology and the other from enactive cognition theory. We use this as the foundation from which to offer an account of the informational basis for social information and assert a set of research propositions to further the science of social cognition. In doing so, we point out how perception of the minds of others can be supported in some cases by lawful information, supporting direct perception of social affordances and perhaps, mental states, and in other cases by cues that support indirect perceptual inference. Our goal is to extend accounts of social cognition by integrating advances across disciplines to provide a multi-level and multi-theoretic description that can advance this field and offer a means through which to reconcile radical embodied and traditional approaches to cognitive neuroscience. PMID:25709572

Wiltshire, Travis J.; Lobato, Emilio J. C.; McConnell, Daniel S.; Fiore, Stephen M.

2015-01-01

188

Social dimensions of science-humanitarian collaboration: lessons from Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia.  

PubMed

This paper contains a critical exploration of the social dimensions of the science-humanitarian relationship. Drawing on literature on the social role of science and on the social dimensions of humanitarian practice, it analyses a science-humanitarian partnership for disaster risk reduction (DRR) in Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia, an area threatened by tsunamigenic earthquakes. The paper draws on findings from case study research that was conducted between 2010 and 2011. The case study illustrates the social processes that enabled and hindered collaboration between the two spheres, including the informal partnership of local people and scientists that led to the co-production of earthquake and tsunami DRR and limited organisational capacity and support in relation to knowledge exchange. The paper reflects on the implications of these findings for science-humanitarian partnering in general, and it assesses the value of using a social dimensions approach to understand scientific and humanitarian dialogue. PMID:24905714

Shannon, Rachel; Hope, Max; McCloskey, John; Crowley, Dominic; Crichton, Peter

2014-07-01

189

The Case for Space in the Social Sciences Don Janelle  

E-print Network

& Disease Space-Time Accessibility Urban & Regional Issues Crime & Law Enforcement Community Organization Issues Crime & Law Enforcement Community Organization Cultural Analysis Population & Demographic IssuesThe Case for Space in the Social Sciences Don Janelle Center for Spatially Integrated Social

Fabrikant, Sara Irina

190

Student Empowerment in an Environmental Science Classroom: Toward a Framework for Social Justice Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social justice education is undertheorized in science education. Given the wide range of goals and purposes proposed within both social justice education and social justice science education scholarship, these fields require reconciliation. In this paper, I suggest a student empowerment framework for conceptualizing teaching and learning social

Dimick, Alexandra Schindel

2012-01-01

191

Response: Epistemological Issues of Social Work Science as a Translational Action Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A science-based practice should be caring, there is no dissent about this. But why a social work science? Until now "things are fine," and practice seems to be getting on very well without it!? It is claimed that there is no alternative in its own interest. Social work needs social work science because of the epistemological issues linked to the…

Goppner, Hans-Jurgen

2012-01-01

192

Social Science Research and Policymaking: Meta-Analysis and Paradox  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to explore some of the non-obvious characteristics of the social science research-social policy (SSRSP) paradigm. We examine some of the underlying as- sumptions of the readily accepted claim that social science research can lead to the creation of rational social policy. We begin by using the framework of meta-analysis as one of the most

Steven I. Miller; Marcel Fredericks; Frank J. Perino

193

Curriculum Rhetoric and Social Control: a Perspective on Recent Science Curriculum Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

EnglishThis article outlines an approach towards interpreting the influence of social factors on the directions in which secondary school science curricula have developed. In particular, the influence of the institutional context of comprehensivization on emerging science curriculum materials in Britain in the 1960s is explored. From a survey of curriculum writings of this period, it is suggested that authors have

R. H. Millar

1981-01-01

194

Main Trends of Research in the Social and Human Sciences, Part 1: Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume is the result of a study, initiated by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), to report on the main trends of social sciences research, not on the results achieved. Part I contains an examination of the present state and perspectives for development of the disciplines of sociology (Lazarsfeld),…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

195

Urbanization and the carbon cycle: Contributions from social science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper outlines the contributions of social science to the study of interactions between urbanization patterns and processes and the carbon cycle, and identifies gaps in knowledge and priority areas for future social scientific research contributions. While previously studied as a unidimensional process, we conceptualize urbanization as a multidimensional, social and biophysical process driven by continuous changes across space and time in various subsystems including biophysical, built environment, and socio-institutional (e.g., economic, political, demographic, behavioral, and sociological). We review research trends and findings focused on the socio-institutional subsystem of the urbanization process, and particularly the dynamics, relationships, and predictions relevant to energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. Our findings suggest that a multidimensional perspective of urbanization facilitates a wider spectrum of research relevant to carbon cycle dynamics, even within the socio-institutional subsystem. However, there is little consensus around the details and mechanisms underlying the relationship between urban socio-institutional subsystems and the carbon cycle. We argue that progress in understanding the relationship between urbanization and the carbon cycle may be achieved if social scientists work collaboratively with each other as well as with scientists from other disciplines. From this review, we identify research priorities where collaborative social scientific efforts are necessary in conjunction with other disciplinary approaches to generate a more complete understanding of urbanization as a process and its relationship to the carbon cycle.

Marcotullio, Peter J.; Hughes, Sara; Sarzynski, Andrea; Pincetl, Stephanie; Sanchez Peña, Landy; Romero-Lankao, Patricia; Runfola, Daniel; Seto, Karen C.

2014-10-01

196

A Social-Ecological Approach to Promote Self-Determination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a social-ecological approach for promoting and enhancing self-determination among individuals with developmental disabilities. A five-level model is presented, based on the interaction of person and environmental factors, that identifies a series of social mediator variables (i.e., social effectiveness, social capital,…

Walker, Hill M.; Calkins, Carl; Wehmeyer, Michael L.; Walker, Laura; Bacon, Ansley; Palmer, Susan B.; Jesien, George S.; Nygren, Margaret A.; Heller, Tamar; Gotto, George S.; Abery, Brian H.; Johnson, David R.

2011-01-01

197

Integrating algorithm visualization technology into an undergraduate algorithms course: ethnographic studies of a social constructivist approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Algorithm visualization (AV) software graphically illustrates how algorithms work. Traditionally, computer science instructors have used the software as a visual aid in lectures, or as the basis for interactive laboratories. An alternative approach, inspired by Social Constructivist learning theory, is to have students construct and present their own visualizations. Notice that, in this alternative approach, rather than acting as a

Christopher D. Hundhausen

2002-01-01

198

Social Psychology, Social Science, and Economics: Twentieth Century Progress and Problems, Twenty-First Century Prospects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stimulated by social scientists' and especially social psychologists' contributions during World War II, as well as by America's post-war economic and population growth, the period from 1945 to 1970 was widely viewed as a "Golden Age" for American social science. Interdisciplinary social psychology arguably was in the vanguard of these…

House, James S.

2008-01-01

199

Becoming allies: Combining social science and technological perspectives to improve energy research and policy making  

SciTech Connect

Within the energy research community, social sciences tends to be viewed fairly narrowly, often as simply a marketing tool to change the behavior of consumers and decision makers, and to ''attack market barriers''. As we see it, social sciences, which draws on sociology, psychology, political science, business administration, and other academic disciplines, is capable of far more. A social science perspective can re-align questions in ways that can lead to the development of technologies and technology policy that are much stronger and potentially more successful than they would be otherwise. In most energy policies governing commercial buildings, the prevailing R and D directives are firmly rooted in a technology framework, one that is generally more quantitative and evaluative than that fostered by the social sciences. To illustrate how social science thinking would approach the goal of achieving high energy performance in the commercial building sector, they focus on the US Department of Energy's Roadmap for commercial buildings (DOE 2000) as a starting point. By ''deconstructing'' the four strategies provided by the Roadmap, they set the stage for proposing a closer partnership between advocates of technology-based and social science-based approaches.

Diamond, Rick; Moezzi, Mithra

2002-07-01

200

Reverse Engineering Chinese Censorship Institute for Quantitative Social Science  

E-print Network

Reverse Engineering Chinese Censorship Gary King1 Institute for Quantitative Social Science Harvard Censorship in China Allows Government Criticism but Silences Collective Expression (American Political Science Review, May 2013) Experimental and Participatory Studies: Reverse Engineering Chinese Censorship

201

Social Studies: A Primary Handbook. A Language Arts Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook contains concept-oriented lessons which will help elementary teachers incorporate social studies instruction into their classrooms. The program emphasizes concepts from each of the social science disciplines. Included among these are learning; family; social processes of customs, cooperation, competition, and conflict; rules and…

Atman, Kathryn S.; And Others

202

Civic Ecology: Linking Social and Ecological Approaches in Extension  

Microsoft Academic Search

Civic ecology refers to the philosophy and science of community forestry, community gardening, watershed enhancement, and other volunteer-driven restoration practices in cities and elsewhere. Such practices, although often viewed as initiatives to improve a degraded environment, also foster social attributes of resilient social-ecological systems, including volunteer engagement and social connectedness. Civic ecology education refers to the learning, as well as

Marianne E. Krasny; Keith G. Tidball; Ithaca NY

203

Roadmap: Middle Childhood Social Studies and Science Bachelor of Science in Education  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Middle Childhood ­ Social Studies and Science ­ Bachelor of Science in Education [EH Childhood 1 C Fulfills experiential learning requirement HDFS 24013 Early Adolescence 3 C ECON 22060 Childhood ­ Social Studies and Science ­ Bachelor of Science in Education [EH-BSE-MCED-SSSC] College

Sheridan, Scott

204

Bachelor of Science, Social Science, 2013-2014 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Social Science, 2013-2014 Name ID# Date General Degree Requirements Residency DLM Mathematics 3-4 DLN Natural, Physical, & Applied Sciences course with lab 4 DLN Natural, Physical, and Applied Sciences course 3-4 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL Literature and Humanities 3-4 DLS Social

Barrash, Warren

205

Bachelor of Science, Social Science, 2012-2013 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Social Science, 2012-2013 Name ID# Date General Degree Requirements Residency DLM Mathematics 3-4 DLN Natural, Physical, & Applied Sciences course with lab 4 DLN Natural, Physical, and Applied Sciences course 3-4 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL Literature and Humanities 3-4 DLS Social

Barrash, Warren

206

Bachelor of Science, Social Science, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Science, Social Science, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date General Degree Requirements Residency DLM Mathematics 3-4 DLN Natural, Physical, & Applied Sciences course with lab 4 DLN Natural, Physical, and Applied Sciences course 3-4 DLV Visual and Performing Arts 3 DLL Literature and Humanities 3-4 DLS Social

Barrash, Warren

207

Social Sciences in Forestry, A Current Selected Bibliography, No. 52, June, 1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Included in this annotated bibliography are entries on the role of the social sciences in the discipline of forestry. Four major categories of entries are included: (1) social science applied to forestry at large; (2) social science applied to forestry's productive agents; (3) social science applied to forest production; and (4) social science

Schwab, Judith L., Ed.

208

Girls, science and epistemology: A societal approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examines the ways in which girls' personal epistemologies are applied and modulated in relationship with scientific disciplinary epistemology in the context of their early science learning. The research takes a societal approach, assuming that both girls' reasoning and scientific disciplinary epistemology are socially constituted, emphasizing the role of gendered discourses, realities and experiences in the construction of girls' subjectivities and disciplinary epistemology. Initially, three research scientists were interviewed to provide a naturalized understanding of scientific disciplinary epistemology. Subsequently, over the course of spring semester, seven ninth-grade girls from a small middle-class town participated in a series of in-depth interviews about their reasoning in scientific contexts. The focus of the interview analysis is two-fold. Possible points of connection and contention are examined between the ways in which girls deploy their personal epistemologies and scientific disciplinary epistemology. Individual profiles of each girl are also developed, describing patterns and tensions in her reasoning. This study reveals the intersection between personal and disciplinary epistemology as a productive area for research, and further, shows that examining societal context and personal epistemologies provides new insight into the issues facing girls learning science. Results suggest that there are both significant disjuncts and points of connection between these girls' personal epistemologies and scientific disciplinary epistemology. In particular, the personal understandings of knowledge as perspectival and the role of experience as providing frameworks for thinking which were shown by the girls in this study could be meaningfully used in conjunction with contemporary trends in philosophy of science to enhance understanding of science and scientific disciplinary epistemology.

Arner Welsh, Jennifer M.

209

An algorithmic approach to social networks  

E-print Network

Social networks consist of a set of individuals and some form of social relationship that ties the individuals together. In this thesis, we use algorithmic techniques to study three aspects of social networks: (1) we analyze ...

Liben-Nowell, David

2005-01-01

210

A sociohistorical examination of George Herbert Mead's approach to science education.  

PubMed

Although George Herbert Mead is widely known for his social psychological work, his views on science education also represent a significant, yet sometimes overlooked contribution. In a speech delivered in March 1906 entitled "The Teaching of Science in College," Mead calls for cultural courses on the sciences, such as sociology of science or history of science courses, to increase the relevancy of natural and physical science courses for high school and university students. These views reflect Mead's perspective on a number of traditional dualisms, including objectivity versus subjectivity and the social sciences versus natural and physical sciences. Taking a sociohistorical outlook, I identify the context behind Mead's approach to science education, which includes three major influences: (1) German intellectual thought and the Methodenstreit debate, (2) pragmatism and Darwin's theory of evolution, and (3) social reform efforts in Chicago and the General Science Movement. PMID:25468003

Edwards, Michelle L

2014-12-01

211

An holistic approach to prayer for social work practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

An holistic approach to prayer and ethical standards for its application to social work practice are presented. This approach is strongly influenced by post?Vatican II Catholic attempts to integrate spiritual contemplation with activities for human services. It also honors and appreciates alternative secular and religious approaches to spirituality. Thus, the social work professional commitment to support client self?determination is linked

Edward R. Canda

1990-01-01

212

Alternative psychotherapy approaches for social anxiety disorder.  

PubMed

Alternative therapies and therapy modalities for SAD are needed because: Established treatments (CBT and pharmacologic) do not help everyone who seeks help. Established treatments provide only partial decrease in symptoms for many patients. Patients may experience recurrence of symptoms in long-term follow-up. CBT does not reach enough patients in need. Alternative treatment approaches and modalities may also be needed to address the successful outcomes of CBT. Success in overcoming social anxiety symptoms can generate a whole new set of challenges. For example, a 31-year-old man who overcomes his fear of dating and begins his first romantic relationship may need a less symptomatically focused therapy to deal with issues that arise in this relationship. Likewise, a woman whose decreased social anxiety enables her to get a long-awaited promotion may need to deal with the stress of adjusting to her new responsibilities. An individual who overcomes phobia of public speaking and still has mild anxiety may need to graduate to a forum such as Toastmasters to provide continued exposure to further develop confidence and skills in public speaking. PMID:11723635

Lipsitz, J D; Marshall, R D

2001-12-01

213

An Analysis of Valuation Strategies in Social Science Education Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was an attempt to determine whether, and to what extent: 1) there is disagreement about the nature and function of values and valuing among educators, and between social science educators and certain axiologists; 2) social science educators endorse valuation theories which are internally inconsistent or antithetical to the purposes of…

Bond, David James

214

Science/Technology/Society in the Social Studies. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current trend to include the relationships of science and technology to human societies in the social studies curriculum is the focus of this ERIC Digest. The Digest discusses: (1) major themes in education on science/technology/society (STS); (2) the rationale for emphasizing STS in the social studies; and (3) how to include STS in the…

Heath, Phillip A.

215

Information Geography: A Bridge between Engineering and the Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the metaphor of engineering and the social sciences located on either side of a chasm and connected by the bridge of information geography. Information geography is not an integral part of engineering and is a new field within geography, a social science discipline. The specialty of information geography is one of the newest in…

Paradiso, Maria

2006-01-01

216

http://sss.sagepub.com/ Social Studies of Science  

E-print Network

http://sss.sagepub.com/ Social Studies of Science http://sss.sagepub.com/content/41/1/5 The online research Different differences: The use of 'genetic ancestry' versus race in biomedical Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com can be found at:Social Studies of ScienceAdditional services and information for http

Fujimura, Joan

217

http://ssc.sagepub.com Social Science Computer Review  

E-print Network

http://ssc.sagepub.com Social Science Computer Review DOI: 10.1177/0894439305281494 2006; 24; 30, and Anthropology http://ssc.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/24/1/30 The online version of this article can be found at: Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com can be found at:Social Science Computer Review

White, Douglas R.

218

http://sss.sagepub.com/ Social Studies of Science  

E-print Network

http://sss.sagepub.com/ Social Studies of Science http://sss.sagepub.com/content/42 Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com can be found at:Social Studies of ScienceAdditional services and information for http://sss.sagepub.com/cgi/alertsEmail Alerts: http

Shapin, Steven

219

Effective Pedagogy in Social Sciences. Educational Practices Series-23  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is a synthesis of research on social sciences teaching that has been shown to have a positive effect on a range of desirable student outcomes: cognitive, skills, participatory and affective outcomes. Education in the social sciences plays an important role in developing students' sense of identity and influencing the ways in which…

Sinnema, Claire; Aitken, Graeme

2012-01-01

220

Anthropology SociAl Science internShipS  

E-print Network

Anthropology SociAl Science internShipS AurorA NAtive title iNterNship progrAm the program aims to provide assistance to the anthropology and research staff of under- resourced and over-worked Native title Applications are also open to anthropology and other social science students and graduates as well as qualified

Chen, Ying

221

Science and Social Studies for Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science and social studies have much to offer to all learners--including those with disabilities. However, instruction in these subjects has often been overlooked in the quest to better understand and improve leaning in English/language arts and mathematics. As we demonstrate in this paper, science and social studies help students attain skills,…

Scruggs, Thomas E.; Mastropieri, Margo A.; Okolo, Cynthia M.

2008-01-01

222

Teaching and Learning about Science and Social Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph explores aspects of science and technology in contemporary society and suggests methods for teaching about social policy issues which have resulted from scientific and technological developments. Section one offers an argument for teaching about science and social policy; surveys the sociology, politics, and history of contemporary…

Benne, Kenneth D.; Birnbaum, Max

223

Women on the Social Science Faculties since 1892.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is concerned with the position of women on the social science faculties in the graduate divison of the University of Chicago. The history and experience of several women faculty members in the various social science departments is reviewed. A few generalizations can be drawn: (1) few women are hired and few stay more than the length of…

Freeman, Jo

224

I. ASCRC General Education Form Group Social Science  

E-print Network

, including adolescent bullying, social and emotional challenges for adolescent boys and girls, and mediaI. ASCRC General Education Form Group Social Science Dept/Program COT/Applied Arts and Sciences of children/adolescence including interactions in family relationships, friendships, as well as media

Vonessen, Nikolaus

225

Teaching Gifted Students Social Sciences in Grades Seven Through Nine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use by teachers, consultants and administrators, the booklet discusses social science instruction for gifted students in grades 7-9. An introductory section provides an overview of goals and parameters of the social sciences (psychology, sociology, and anthropology). The scientific research process is described in terms of five steps,…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Office of Curriculum Services.

226

http://spp.sagepub.com/ Social Psychological and Personality Science  

E-print Network

of self-promotion (e.g., talking about themselves) and the indirect dominance tactic of com- petitorhttp://spp.sagepub.com/ Social Psychological and Personality Science http.1177/1948550611400099 published online 28 February 2011Social Psychological and Personality Science Richard B. Slatcher, Pranjal H

Josephs, Robert

227

The Impact of Regulating Social Science Research with Biomedical Regulations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Impact of Regulating Social Science Research with Biomedical Regulations Since 1974 Federal regulations have governed the use of human subjects in biomedical and social science research. The regulations are known as the Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects, and often referred to as the "Common Rule" because 18 Federal…

Durosinmi, Brenda Braxton

2011-01-01

228

I. ASCRC General Education Form Group Group VII Social Science  

E-print Network

I. ASCRC General Education Form Group Group VII Social Science Dept/Program Dept. of Society related to recreation planning on multiple-use forest lands, parks, wilderness areas and private lands, and literature from the social sciences that have relevance for natural resource managers. It will also allow

Vonessen, Nikolaus

229

HTJMAI{ MOSAIC A JOIIRNAL OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

HTJMAI{ MOSAIC A JOIIRNAL OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES VOLUME 25 199 L NIIMBERS 1 & 2 Published by the graduate students of the Social Sciences of TUIANE UNIVERSITY #12;Barkcloth Designs of Mbuti Women Barry S. The construction and designs of Mbuti barkcloths creared by the Mbuii of the lturi Forest, Zahe, reflect patterns

230

Historical Approaches in German Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Particularly in the second half of the 20th century, historical approaches became relevant in science education. This development can at least in part be explained with the growing awareness of the importance to address Nature of Science aspects in science education. In comparison to the international publications, some particularities can be…

Heering, Peter

2014-01-01

231

The Social Sciences and Geographic Education: A Reader.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book brings together articles by educators, geographers, social scientists, and those whose competence and interests cross two or more of these fields. Geography as a discipline has played an important part in social studies/social science education. These chapters are representative of current thinking on many facets of the interaction among…

Ball, John M., Ed.; And Others

232

Behavioral and Social Science: Fifty Years of Discovery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This commemorative book contains 10 papers that provide a selective sample of behavioral and social science research accomplishments and trends over a 50-year period, and comparisons are made with research presented in the 1933 report, "Recent Social Trends in the United States" (The Ogburn Report). Four chapters in part 1, "Understanding Social

Smelser, Neil J., Ed.; Gerstein, Dean R., Ed.

233

Holistic science: An understanding of science education encompassing ethical and social issues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science has often been viewed, by the majority of our educators and the general public, as being objective and emotionless. Based on this view, our educators teach science in the same manner, objectively and in an abstract form. This manner of teaching has hindered our learners' ability for active learning and distanced them from the subject matter. In this action research, I have examined holistic science pedagogy in conjunction with a constructivism theory. In holistic science pedagogy, scientific knowledge is combined with subjective personal experiences and social issues. There is an interaction between student and scientific data when the student's context, relationships, and lived experiences that play a role in the scientific recognition of the world were incorporated into the learning process. In this pedagogical model, the factual content was viewed from the context of social and ethical implications. By empowering learners with this ability, science knowledge will no longer be exclusive to a select group. This process empowers the general population with the ability to understand scientific knowledge and therefore the ability to make informed decisions based on this knowledge. The goal was to make curriculum developers more conscious of factors that can positively influence the learning process and increase student engagement and understanding within the science classroom. The holistic approach to science pedagogy has enlightened and empowered our adult learners more effectively. Learners became more actively engaged in their own process of learning. Teachers must be willing to listen and implement student suggestions on improving the teaching/learning process. Teachers should be willing to make the effort in connecting with their students by structuring courses so the topics would be relevant to the students in relation to real world and social/ethical and political issues. Holistic science pedagogy strives for social change through the empowerment of adult learners with scientific knowledge. This research has demonstrated that learners can better understand the decision-making process and more easily relate their experiences, and therefore their knowledge, to social/political and ethical issues.

Malekpour, Susan

234

Postgraduate Courses Arts, Humanities & Social Sciences  

E-print Network

Applied Social Research 109 Child Protection and Welfare 110 Drug and Alcohol Policy 111 Child Protection and Welfare 113 Disability Studies 114 M.Phil. Courses Social Work Research 112 #12; Head of School: Dr OF SOCIAL WORK AND SOCIAL POLICY 106 Named Degree Courses Master in Social Work (M.S.W.) 108 MSc Courses

O'Mahony, Donal E.

235

Social Sciences in Asia I: Bangladesh, Iran, Malaysia, Pakistan, Thailand. Reports and Papers in the Social Sciences, No. 32.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series which provides overviews of social science research and teaching in UNESCO member nations, the document focuses on Bangladesh, Iran, Malaysia, Pakistan, and Thailand. One chapter is devoted to each of the five nations. Chapter I discusses social science teaching at major universities in Bangladesh and recommends that research…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

236

Evolution and the Human Population. Science In a Social CONtext.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science In a Social CONtext is a series of eight books based on the project SISCON-in-Schools. The books provide a new course in science and society for general studies at sixth-form level. The course has been specially designed to make scientific problems accessible to the non-scientist, as well as to explain the social aspects of science to the…

Solomon, Joan

237

Technology, Invention and Industry. Science In a Social CONtext.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science In a Social CONtext is a series of eight books based on the project SISCON-in-Schools. The books provide a new course in science and society for general studies at sixth-form level. The course has been specially designed to make scientific problems accessible to the non-scientist, as well as to explain the social aspects of science to the…

Solomon, Joan

238

Ways of Living. Science In a Social CONtext.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science In a Social CONtext is a series of eight books based on the project SISCON-in-Schools. The books provide a new course in science and society for general studies at sixth-form level. The course has been specially designed to make scientific problems accessible to the non-scientist, as well as to explain the social aspects of science to the…

Solomon, Joan

239

The Challenge of the Humanities and Social Science Education Through the Basic Seminar (Science of Snow Sports)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Education Center of Chiba Institute of Technology is taking a new approach to the introduction of liberal arts subjects commonly included in the curriculum of all departments through a newly established basic seminar, the Science of Snow Sports. Each faculty member has been working on setting up classes that cross the conventional boundaries of fields and disciplines and which are targeted at students of all faculties and departments. This paper describes the potential for teaching liberal arts and social science subjects to engineering students through the medium of sports science, based on actual experience gained via this new approach.

Taniai, Tetsuyuki; Sugimoto, Taku; Sato, Ken-Ichi; Ikota, Masaru

240

The diversity of resilience: contributions from a social science perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents contributions to the widespread resilience paradigm from a social science perspective. Certain aspects\\u000a of social systems, especially their symbolic dimension of meaning, need to be taken into account in the endeavor to research\\u000a coupled social–ecological systems. Due to the symbolic dimension, disasters are defined as the failure of future expectations,\\u000a and social resilience is defined as the

Daniel F. Lorenz

241

The theory of social functions: challenges for computational social science and multi-agent learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A basic claim of this paper is that the foundational theoretical problem of the social sciences — the possibility of unconscious, unplanned forms of cooperation and intelligence among intentional agents (the very hard issue of the 'invisible hand', of the 'spontaneous social order' but also of 'social functions') — will eventually be clarified thanks to the contribution of AI (and,

Cristiano Castelfranchi

2001-01-01

242

Conceptualising Educational Changes: A Social Innovation Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intention of the authors in this article is to contribute to the discussion concerning educational change by implementing the concept of social innovation. We argue that the application of the concept of social innovation makes it possible to better understand the process of implementation as well as sustainability and the social impact of…

Loogma, Krista; Tafel-Viia, Külliki; Ümarik, Meril

2013-01-01

243

SOCIAL SCIENCE DIVISION 2003-2005 CATALOG UPDATE  

E-print Network

Modern Britain Philosophy & Religion New Course: PHRE 387 Religion and Science (3 hours) This course deals with the search to understand how religion and science interact in the ways we make sense of ourSOCIAL SCIENCE DIVISION 2003-2005 CATALOG UPDATE Changes effective 2004-2005 History New Course

Gering, Jon C.

244

Unhastening ScienceTemporal Demarcations in the `Social Triangle'  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is so special about science? Taking up the old epistemological challenge, this article seeks to rephrase the question of scientific autonomy beyond conventional essentialist criteria of demarcation between science and society. The specificity of science is primarily sought in its studied `lack of haste', its socially sanctioned withdrawal from the swift pace of everyday life and from `faster' cultures

Dick Pels

2003-01-01

245

Analyzing the Scientific Evolution of Social Work Using Science Mapping  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: This article reports the first science mapping analysis of the social work field, which shows its conceptual structure and scientific evolution. Methods: Science Mapping Analysis Software Tool, a bibliometric science mapping tool based on co-word analysis and h-index, is applied using a sample of 18,794 research articles published from…

Martínez, Ma Angeles; Cobo, Manuel Jesús; Herrera, Manuel; Herrera-Viedma, Enrique

2015-01-01

246

A guide to understanding social science research for natural scientists.  

PubMed

Natural scientists are increasingly interested in social research because they recognize that conservation problems are commonly social problems. Interpreting social research, however, requires at least a basic understanding of the philosophical principles and theoretical assumptions of the discipline, which are embedded in the design of social research. Natural scientists who engage in social science but are unfamiliar with these principles and assumptions can misinterpret their results. We developed a guide to assist natural scientists in understanding the philosophical basis of social science to support the meaningful interpretation of social research outcomes. The 3 fundamental elements of research are ontology, what exists in the human world that researchers can acquire knowledge about; epistemology, how knowledge is created; and philosophical perspective, the philosophical orientation of the researcher that guides her or his action. Many elements of the guide also apply to the natural sciences. Natural scientists can use the guide to assist them in interpreting social science research to determine how the ontological position of the researcher can influence the nature of the research; how the epistemological position can be used to support the legitimacy of different types of knowledge; and how philosophical perspective can shape the researcher's choice of methods and affect interpretation, communication, and application of results. The use of this guide can also support and promote the effective integration of the natural and social sciences to generate more insightful and relevant conservation research outcomes. PMID:24962114

Moon, Katie; Blackman, Deborah

2014-10-01

247

An Approach to Socially Compliant Leader Following for Mobile Robots  

E-print Network

An Approach to Socially Compliant Leader Following for Mobile Robots Markus Kuderer and Wolfram pedestrians. Most of these approaches use local control methods to keep the robot at the desired position of this inter- active behavior is able to fulfill its task in a socially compliant way, i.e., in a way that does

Teschner, Matthias

248

The Standard Model in the history of the Natural Sciences, Econometrics, and the social sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, scientists appropriated Newton's laws of motion as a model for the conduct of any other field of investigation that would purport to be a science. This early form of a Standard Model eventually informed the basis of analogies for the mathematical expression of phenomena previously studied qualitatively, such as cohesion, affinity, heat, light, electricity, and magnetism. James Clerk Maxwell is known for his repeated use of a formalized version of this method of analogy in lectures, teaching, and the design of experiments. Economists transferring skills learned in physics made use of the Standard Model, especially after Maxwell demonstrated the value of conceiving it in abstract mathematics instead of as a concrete and literal mechanical analogy. Haavelmo's probability approach in econometrics and R. Fisher's Statistical Methods for Research Workers brought a statistical approach to bear on the Standard Model, quietly reversing the perspective of economics and the social sciences relative to that of physics. Where physicists, and Maxwell in particular, intuited scientific method as imposing stringent demands on the quality and interrelations of data, instruments, and theory in the name of inferential and comparative stability, statistical models and methods disconnected theory from data by removing the instrument as an essential component. New possibilities for reconnecting economics and the social sciences to Maxwell's sense of the method of analogy are found in Rasch's probabilistic models for measurement.

Fisher, W. P., Jr.

2010-07-01

249

Civic Ecology: Linking Social and Ecological Approaches in Extension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Civic ecology refers to the philosophy and science of community forestry, community gardening, watershed enhancement, and other volunteer-driven restoration practices in cities and elsewhere. Such practices, although often viewed as initiatives to improve a degraded environment, also foster social attributes of resilient social-ecological systems,…

Krasny, Marianne E.; Tidball, Keith G.

2010-01-01

250

SSHRC: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), a federal research funding agency for higher education in the social sciences and humanities, aims to promote and enrich the social, cultural, and economic lives of Canadians. The expansive SSHRC Website provides information about the structure, people, and mission of the Council; news about current research supported by the SSHRC; guides to assist researchers identify fellowship and grant programs; policy documents and discussion papers; and a comprehensive list of human sciences sites, linking users to academic bodies, research databases, and other funding institutions. The entire site is searchable and is available in English or French.

251

Engaging bodies in the public imagination: bioarchaeology as social science, science, and humanities.  

PubMed

Bioarchaeology is the contextual analysis of biological remains from past societies. It is a young and growing discipline born during the latter half of the twentieth century from its roots in physical anthropology and archaeology. Although often associated with the study of ancient diet and disease, bioarchaeology leverages variable temporal scales and its global scope to provide a uniquely comparative perspective on human life that transcends traditional boundaries of the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities. Here, we explore the public face of bioarchaeology and consider the trends in publication practices that reflect diversifying research strategies. Bioarchaeology is a popular topic on web-based science news aggregators. However, we identify a disconnect between bioarchaeology's traditional research emphases, emerging research foci, and findings that actually spark the public imagination. A majority of popular news articles emphasize basic discovery or "natural curiosities." Publication data indicate the field also remains regionally focused with relatively little emphasis on nomothetic goals. Nevertheless, bioarchaeology can do more to leverage its historical perspective and corporeal emphasis to engage a number of topics with importance across traditional academic boundaries. Big data, comparative, multi-investigator, interdisciplinary projects on violence, colonialism, and health offer the most obvious potential for driving research narratives in the biological and social sciences. Humanistic approaches that explore emotional connections to the past can also have merit. The diversity of research outlets and products indicates the field must embrace the importance of nontraditional activities in its value structure to maximize our potential in public arenas. PMID:24677226

Stojanowski, Christopher M; Duncan, William N

2015-01-01

252

Mental and social health in disasters: relating qualitative social science research and the Sphere standard.  

PubMed

Increasingly, social scientists interested in mental and social health conduct qualitative research to chronicle the experiences of and humanitarian responses to disaster We reviewed the qualitative social science research literature in relation to a significant policy document, the Sphere Handbook, which includes a minimum standard in disaster response addressing "mental and social aspects of health", involving 12 interventions indicators. The reviewed literature in general supports the relevance of the Sphere social health intervention indicators. However, social scientists' chronicles of the diversity and complexity of communities and responses to disaster illustrate that these social interventions cannot be assumed helpful in all settings and times. With respect to Sphere mental health intervention indicators, the research largely ignores the existence and well-being of persons with pre-existing, severe mental disorders in disasters, whose well-being is addressed by the relevant Sphere standard. Instead, many social scientists focus on and question the relevance of posttraumatic stress disorder-focused interventions, which are common after some disasters and which are not specifically covered by the Sphere standard. Overall, social scientists appear to call for a social response that more actively engages the political, social, and economic causes of suffering, and that recognizes the social complexities and flux that accompany disaster. By relating social science research to the Sphere standard for mental and social health, this review informs and illustrates the standard and identifies areas of needed research. PMID:16202495

Batniji, Rajaie; Van Ommeren, Mark; Saraceno, Benedetto

2006-04-01

253

The Analysis of Social Issues by Social Science Majors. Draft.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The new social studies rationale assumes that concepts learned in a formal school setting can be incorporated into the student's cognitive structure and, further, that students can apply fundamental social studies concepts to analysis of the world's major problems. Teaching, then, concerns itself not with accumulation of factual information but,…

Allen, D. I.

254

Structural link prediction based on ant colony approach in social networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the size and number of online social networks are increasing day by day, social network analysis has become a popular issue in many branches of science. The link prediction is one of the key rolling issues in the analysis of social network's evolution. As the size of social networks is increasing, the necessity for scalable link prediction algorithms is being felt more. The aim of this paper is to introduce a new unsupervised structural link prediction algorithm based on the ant colony approach. Recently, ant colony approach has been used for solving some graph problems. Different kinds of networks are used for testing the proposed approach. In some networks, the proposed scalable algorithm has the best result in comparison to other structural unsupervised link prediction algorithms. In order to evaluate the algorithm results, methods like the top- n precision, area under the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) and Precision-Recall curves are carried out on real-world networks.

Sherkat, Ehsan; Rahgozar, Maseud; Asadpour, Masoud

2015-02-01

255

Evaluation of Life Sciences and Social Sciences Course Books in Term of Societal Sexuality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to evaluate primary school Life Sciences (1st, 2nd, and 3rd grades) and Social Sciences (4th, 5th, and 6th grades) course books in terms of gender discrimination. This study is a descriptive study aiming to evaluate the primary school Life Sciences (1st, 2nd, 3rd grades) and Social Sciences (4th, 5th, and 6th grades) course books…

Aykac, Necdet

2012-01-01

256

Intuition: A social cognitive neuroscience approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review proposes that implicit learning processes are the cognitive substrate of social intuition. This hypothesis is supported by (a) the conceptual correspondence between implicit learning and social intuition (nonverbal communication) and (b) a review of relevant neuropsychological (Huntington's and Parkinson's disease), neuroimaging, neurophysiological, and neuroanatomical data. It is concluded that the caudate and putamen, in the basal ganglia, are

Matthew D. Lieberman

2000-01-01

257

Cardiff School of Social Sciences Undergraduate Degree Programmes  

E-print Network

' or `internationally excellent' in the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise. The School was ranked by the RAE at the top School of Social Sciences is the Grade II listed Glamorgan Building which is located at the heart

Davies, Christopher

258

Putting Social Sciences to the Test - Lecture Notes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The course is a new class on the topic of field (that is, 'in situ') and laboratory experiments in the social sciences - both what these experiments have taught and can teach us and how to conduct them.

MIT

259

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences: EUROPEAN STUDIES  

E-print Network

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences: EUROPEAN STUDIES Possible Careers Professor Lawyer (International) Librarian Journalist International Relations Specialist Political Reporter Foreign Services Officer Teacher Writer/Author Diplomat Finance Consultant Researcher Policy Advisor Marketing

Brownstone, Rob

260

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences: Possible Careers  

E-print Network

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences: MUSIC Possible Careers Professor Music Editor/Publisher Music Composer Music Store Manager Musician Producer Music Therapist Concert Promoter Music Teacher Arranger Music Librarian Recording Engineer Conductor Performer Recording Studio Technician www

Brownstone, Rob

261

Study Humanities and Social Science Abroad General/Most All  

E-print Network

Study Humanities and Social Science Abroad General/Most All Argentina - Pontificia Universidad) Chile - Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso (ISEP)* Denmark- University of Copenhagen (DEX (CCIS) Botswana- University of Botswana (ISEP) Bulgaria - University of Veliko Turnovo (CCIS) Chile

Maxwell, Bruce D.

262

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences: INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT STUDIES  

E-print Network

Professor Lawyer (International) Interpreter Tourism Development Officer International Youth WorkerFaculty of Arts and Social Sciences: INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT STUDIES Possible Careers Community Development/Liaison Officer International Patent Agent International Trade Specialist English

Brownstone, Rob

263

Reporting guidelines for simulation-based research in social sciences  

E-print Network

Reproducibility of research is critical for the healthy growth and accumulation of reliable knowledge, and simulation-based research is no exception. However, studies show many simulation-based studies in the social sciences ...

Rahmandad, Hazhir

264

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences: GENDER AND WOMEN STUDIES  

E-print Network

Counsellor Advocate for Women's/Children's Rights Program Coordinator Fundraising Consultant CrisisFaculty of Arts and Social Sciences: GENDER AND WOMEN STUDIES Possible Careers Health Services Researcher Women's Shelter Supervisor Public Opinion Survey Researcher Policy Analyst Teacher Journalist

Brownstone, Rob

265

http://spp.sagepub.com/ Social Psychological and Personality Science  

E-print Network

: 443 originally published online 12 September 2013Social Psychological and Personality Science Jeni L-Analytic Review Jeni L. Burnette1 , Erin K. Davisson2 , Eli J. Finkel3 , Daryl R. Van Tongeren4 , Chin Ming Hui3

Reber, Paul J.

266

Poor Talk: Surveying Social Science Discourse on Urban Poverty  

E-print Network

studied the development of the 'protestant ethic' -- to the present, the structure-culture dynamic has motivated and puzzled researchers. This thesis joins this longstanding conversation by focusing on social science research on poverty, or what is also...

Farias, Ruben

2012-10-19

267

Shaping a Science of Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social workers provide more social services to populations across the life span than any other human service profession, including psychiatry, nursing, and psychology. The scientific methodologies and the scientific knowledge relevant to social services have expanded dramatically in the last 30 years. Using the two indicators of the total number…

Brekke, John S.

2012-01-01

268

Economics in History and the Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers presented by social scientists at a 1974 Joint Council seminar designed to assist authors and publishers in improving existing materials or developing new texts in social studies are reproduced in this volume. The seven papers focus on how to integrate economics into elementary and secondary social studies and history courses. The first…

Joint Council on Economic Education, New York, NY.

269

Quantum mechanics and the social sciences: After hermeneutics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantum mechanics is interpreted, in the spirit of Niels Bohr and Werner Heisenberg, as about physical objects in so far as these are revealed by and within the local, social, and historical process of measurement. An analysis of the hermeneutical aspect of quantum mechanical measurement reveals close analogues with the hermeneutical social/historical sciences. The hermeneutical analysis of science requires the move from the epistemological attitude to an ontological one.

Heelan, Patrick A.

1995-04-01

270

The enlightenment faith in progress and social science  

E-print Network

Enlightenment tenents of social science, are logically contradictory. The pioneers of sociology, Saint-Simon and August Comte, were forced to rej ect the rational individual if they were to postulate a 'law' of progress. This law of progress laid particular... ideals once they were incorporated within the framework of social science and to provide a brief review of the rejection of the ideals of the Enlightenment by Saint-Simon and August Comte. 3. To describe Karl Marx's reconciliation of society, progress...

Scheid-Cook, Teresa Linnea

1982-01-01

271

Learning as Researchers and Teachers: The Development of a Pedagogical Culture for Social Science Research Methods?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of calls to improve the capacity for social science research within UK higher education, this article explores the possibilities for an emerging pedagogy for research methods. A lack of pedagogical culture in this field has been identified by previous studies. In response, we examine pedagogical literature surrounding approaches for…

Kilburn, Daniel; Nind, Melanie; Wiles, Rose

2014-01-01

272

Strategies and Tactics in the Supervision of UK Social Science PhD Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researches the relationship between the PhD student and supervisor. Examines two strategies used by supervisors in supervising social science students: a loosely structured approach and a tightly controlled one. Finds that effective supervision depends one a balanced involvement with students, and the possession of certain qualities such as…

Hockey, John

1996-01-01

273

Bibliometric analysis of Nigeria's social science and arts and humanities publications in Thomson Scientific databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to analyse publications on Nigeria indexed in Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI) and Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) of Thomson Scientific databases respectively to understand the international perspective of aspects of research publication dynamics in both fields. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data covering the period 2002-2007 were collected from the SSCI and AHCI of the Web

Williams Nwagwu; Osakioduwa Egbon

2011-01-01

274

Vygotsky and Cognitive Science: Language and the Unification of the Social and Computational Mind.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrating Vygotsky's sociocultural theory of the mind and cognitive science's computational model, this book focuses on how the computational mind uses language to mediate the internal and external worlds during thought. The first part of the book establishes the basis for unifying social and computational approaches to mind through language.…

Frawley, William

275

Energy: A Bibliography of Social Science and Related Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography contains 2,124 listings pertaining primarily to the social factors involved with energy. Some entries report physical energy information as it relates to social science analysis. Entries are listed by author with a subject index for cross reference. Subject categories include: aesthetic, humanistic, and literary; agriculture;…

Morrison, Denton E.; And Others

276

Division of Social Sciences APPLICATION FOR READER OR TUTOR  

E-print Network

Division of Social Sciences APPLICATION FOR READER OR TUTOR SECTION I: To be completed by applicant and social security card, OR passport) when you come to sign forms. It is recommended that you contact Lena: To be completed by Department Check all that apply: READER TUTOR (SINGLE SESSIONS) TUTOR (GROUP SESSIONS

California at Santa Cruz, University of

277

Division of Social Sciences APPLICATION FOR READER OR TUTOR  

E-print Network

Division of Social Sciences APPLICATION FOR READER OR TUTOR SECTION I: To be completed by applicant and social security card, OR passport) when you come to sign forms. It is recommended that you contact Lena to sign employment forms. SECTION II: To be completed by Department Check all that apply: READER TUTOR

California at Santa Cruz, University of

278

BachelorofArts/BachelorofEducation GeneralMajorintheSocialSciences/  

E-print Network

). About Education specializations The Faculty of Education offers three specializations: · Early Childhood Education · Special/Inclusive Education · Technology in Education The specializations consist of fourBachelorofArts/BachelorofEducation GeneralMajorintheSocialSciences/ SocialStudiesEducation Calendar

Seldin, Jonathan P.

279

http://sss.sagepub.com Social Studies of Science  

E-print Network

http://sss.sagepub.com Social Studies of Science DOI: 10.1177/0306312708091926 2008; 38; 643Social: Race, Genetics, and Disease: Questions of Evidence, http://sss.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/38/5/643 The online version of this article can be found at: Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com can

Fujimura, Joan

280

Kindergarten. History-Social Science: A Brief Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook outlines the kindergarten course entitled "Myself and Others in My World." A statement of the California philosophy of history-social science education precedes the handbook's three sections. The first two sections present major goals of the program, an overview of social studies content for grades K-6, and a chart of areas of study…

Kern County Superintendent of Schools, Bakersfield, CA.

281

What's New in the Philosophy of Social Science?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses recent developments in the philosophy of social science, most of which reflect or grow out of the dichotomy between the empiricist and positivist schools of thought. Considers and rejects the realist response as being overly concerned with causal correlations to the exclusion of social mechanisms and processes. (MJP)

Frazer, Elizabeth

1995-01-01

282

Computerized Simulation in the Social Sciences: A Survey and Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After years at the periphery of the social sciences, simulation is now emerging as an important and widely used tool for understanding social phenomena. Through simulation, researchers can identify causal effects, specify critical parameter estimates, and clarify the state of the art with respect to what is understood about how processes evolve…

Garson, G. David

2009-01-01

283

Science Fiction in Social Education: Exploring Consequences of Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An NCSS Technology Position Statement and Guidelines, published in 2006 (an updated version is published in this issue of "Social Education"), affirms that social studies students should critically examine relations between technology and society. This article describes how teachers can use science fiction to introduce critical questions…

Mason, Lance E.

2013-01-01

284

Carnegie Mellon University 1 Department of Social and Decision Sciences  

E-print Network

in the social sciences with the practical skills needed to excel in key decision making roles in the public or in the pursuit of advanced studies. Our emphasis on the theory and practice of individual and social decision and improve the judgment and decision making of individuals, groups, and organizations. Qualified graduates

285

A social science research agenda on the financial crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a need to develop a social science research agenda on finance, financialisation and the financial crisis. The financial crisis was not anticipated by most social scientists. Indeed, the development of new financial instruments was supposed to manage risks effectively. Yet, financialisation has led to devastating effects on the economy and society, creating a deep and widespread recession, with

Sylvia Walby

2010-01-01

286

A CIESIN Thematic Guide to Social Science Applications of Remote Sensing  

E-print Network

A CIESIN Thematic Guide to Social Science Applications of Remote Sensing Alex de Sherbinin 1-98162 #12;CIESIN Thematic Guides Social Science Applications of Remote Sensing 2 Copyright © 2002://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/tg/guide_main.jsp. #12;CIESIN Thematic Guides Social Science Applications of Remote Sensing 3 1.0 ­ Social Science

Columbia University

287

Social Sciences in Forestry, A Current Selected Bibliography, No. 44, October 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a selected bibliography of books, journal articles, and pamphlets relating to forestry. Entries are classified into five major categories including: Social science applied to forestry, social science applied to forestry's productive agents, social science applied to forest production, social science applied to manufacturing,…

Lauby, Anne, Comp.

288

Social Sciences in Forestry, A Current Selected Bibliography, No. 43, June 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation represents a selected bibliography of the social sciences in forestry, including economic, historic, sociological, and business aspects. Five major categories are included: (1) social science applied to forestry at large; (2) social science applied to forestry's productive agents; (3) social science applied to forest production;…

Lauby, Anne, Comp.

289

Scientific approaches to science policy.  

PubMed

The development of robust science policy depends on use of the best available data, rigorous analysis, and inclusion of a wide range of input. While director of the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), I took advantage of available data and emerging tools to analyze training time distribution by new NIGMS grantees, the distribution of the number of publications as a function of total annual National Institutes of Health support per investigator, and the predictive value of peer-review scores on subsequent scientific productivity. Rigorous data analysis should be used to develop new reforms and initiatives that will help build a more sustainable American biomedical research enterprise. PMID:24174459

Berg, Jeremy M

2013-11-01

290

Putting Sociology First—Reconsidering the Role of the Social in `Nature of Science' Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Contrasting two examples from 2005, a creationism-trial and a recent textbook, the article shows two different ways of employing social considerations to demarcate science from non-science. Drawing conclusions from the comparison, and citing some of the leading proponents of science studies, the paper argues for a novel perspective in teaching nature of science (NOS) issues, one that grows out of sociological and anthropological considerations of (scientific) expertise. In contrast to currently dominant epistemic approaches to teach NOS, this view makes it possible to incorporate epistemic and social norms in a unified framework that can alleviate presently problematic aspects of NOS modules, and can help students appreciate science as a privileged form of knowledge-production without becoming scientistic. A pilot module to carry out the above is presented and assessed, showing that a broad sociological starting point is closer to the lifeworld of students, and that traditional epistemic considerations need not be compromised.

Zemplén, Gábor Á.

2009-05-01

291

Teaching Science through a Systems Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the recommendation of the AAAS and the NRC, middle level science is the rightful introduction for a systems approach, including the study of its parts, subsystems, interconnections, and interrelationships. Dr. Seuss's "The Lorax" provides an excellent opportunity to combine ecological consequences within a systems approach (Sweeney 2001).…

Llewellyn, Douglas; Johnson, Scott

2008-01-01

292

Social Science Research Findings and Educational Policy Dilemmas: Some Additional Distinctions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the relationship of social science research to social policy making, stressing that social science models and research findings are largely irrelevant to the actual concerns of policymakers and noting the ways in which ideological factors mediate the process. (SLD)

Miller, Steven I.; Fredericks, Marcel

2000-01-01

293

Coordinate transformation approach to social interactions  

PubMed Central

A coordinate transformation framework for understanding how neurons compute sensorimotor behaviors has generated significant advances toward our understanding of basic brain function. This influential scaffold focuses on neuronal encoding of spatial information represented in different coordinate systems (e.g., eye-centered, hand-centered) and how multiple brain regions partake in transforming these signals in order to ultimately generate a motor output. A powerful analogy can be drawn from the coordinate transformation framework to better elucidate how the nervous system computes cognitive variables for social behavior. Of particular relevance is how the brain represents information with respect to oneself and other individuals, such as in reward outcome assignment during social exchanges, in order to influence social decisions. In this article, I outline how the coordinate transformation framework can help guide our understanding of neural computations resulting in social interactions. Implications for numerous psychiatric disorders with impaired representations of self and others are also discussed. PMID:23970850

Chang, Steve W. C.

2013-01-01

294

History, Philosophy, and Science in a Social Perspective: A Pedagogical Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Various studies have promoted instruction in the history and philosophy of science (HPS) in science classes, but the best way of putting this perspective into practice remains undetermined. To contribute to this issue, we developed a pedagogical project in some high schools in Brazil that aimed to present science content using an historical-philosophical approach focusing on the HPS from a social perspective. The content was developed broadly, highlighting the dialogues between science and the cultures in which scientific knowledge was accumulated. The results of the first stage of project implementation show that some strategies efficiently encouraged student discussion about science using an historical-philosophical approach. One successful strategy was the use of artistic material, such as movies and plays. The creative language and images in these elements allowed teachers to broaden historical-philosophical discussions without compromising science content. This project shows that a social approach to the HPS stimulates interdisciplinary discussions in science classes, enabling students to reflect on the nature of science.

Guerra, Andreia; Braga, Marco; Reis, José Claudio

2013-06-01

295

Micro-social structural approaches to HIV prevention: a social ecological perspective.  

PubMed

To be effective and sustainable, HIV-prevention interventions need to be sufficiently powerful to counteract prevailing social norms and diffuse through the targeted community to provide social reinforcement for behaviour change. Social structural and environmental factors are major influences on HIV-related behaviours yet the dearth of conceptualization and operationalization of these factors impede progress in intervention development. In this paper we propose a social ecological perspective to intervention and highlight relevant theories from social psychology and organizational behaviour literatures. We examine social networks and social settings as micro-structural and environmental influences on HIV risk behaviours, social identities and norms, and as important targets for HIV-prevention intervention. Intervention approaches are proposed that target networks and behavioural settings and provide participants with socially meaningful and rewarding behavioural options that are consistent with valued prosocial identities or roles. Examples are presented on how such an approach has been utilized in prior HIV prevention interventions, including our social network-oriented intervention that trained disadvantaged former and current illicit drug users to conduct peer outreach. We describe how behavioural interventions may enhance or introduce new prosocial identities and social roles, and that network members may confer social approval to reinforce these identities and roles, leading to sustained behavioural risk reduction and changes in risk behaviour norms. PMID:16096122

Latkin, C A; Knowlton, A R

2005-06-01

296

Integrating the Teaching of Science and Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examples of the interface of science and society are offered as several persuasive reasons for integrating science and social studies curriculum in elementary and secondary schools. These reasons include: (1) the search for new personal and societal values as a result of scientific and technological development in prolonging human life, in…

Switzer, Thomas; Voss, Burton

297

Team Experiences for Science and Social Studies Preservice Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how senior-level, preservice teacher certification candidates in secondary science and social science methods classes work in teams to prepare instructional materials on a community-based issue (such as the effect of the deposition of arsenic in a creek and small city lake). Argues that such projects provide valuable learning experiences…

Burlbaw, Lynn M.; Borowiec, Jonathan B.; James, Robert K.

2001-01-01

298

Reverse Engineering Chinese Censorship1 Institute for Quantitative Social Science  

E-print Network

Reverse Engineering Chinese Censorship1 Gary King2 Institute for Quantitative Social Science with Jennifer Pan and Margaret Roberts 2 GaryKing.org 1/27 #12;Papers An Observational Study: How Censorship, May 2013) Experimental and Participatory Studies: Reverse Engineering Chinese Censorship (Science

299

School of Nursing College of Arts, Social and Health Sciences  

E-print Network

FANU03-12 School of Nursing College of Arts, Social and Health Sciences Assistant BC. The School of Nursing offers an undergraduate Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree (BSc in Terrace. The Rural Nursing Certificate Program (RNCP) offered by the School of Nursing is a provincial

Northern British Columbia, University of

300

Science and ideology in economic, political and social thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper has two sources: One is my own research in three broad areas: business cycles, economic measurement and social choice. In all of these fields I attempted to apply the basic precepts of the scientific method as it is understood in the natural sciences. I found that my effort at using natural science methods in economics was met with

Claude Hillinger

2007-01-01

301

Science and Ideology in Economic, Political, and Social Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper has two sources: One is my own research in three broad areas: business cycles, economic measurement and social choice. In all of these fields I attempted to apply the basic precepts of the scientific method as it is understood in the natural sciences. I found that my effort at using natural science methods in economics was met with

Claude Hillinger

2006-01-01

302

Science and Ideology in Economic, Political and Social Thought  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper has two sources: One is my own research in three broad areas: business cycles, economic measurement and social choice. In all of these fields I attempted to apply the basic precepts of the scientific method as it is understood in the natural sciences. I found that my effort at using natural science methods in economics was met with

Claude Hillinger

2008-01-01

303

Achievements of the hermeneutic-phenomenological approach to natural science A comparison with constructivist sociology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hermeneutic-phenomenological approach to the natural sciences has a special interest in the interpretive phases of these sciences and in the circumstances, cognitive and social, that lead to divergent as well as convergent interpretations. It tries to ascertain the role of the hermeneutic circle in research; and to this end it has developed, over the past three decades or so,

Martin Eger

1997-01-01

304

An experiential, social network-based approach to direct marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Direct marketing faces challenges and opportunities associated with the emergence of social network media. Companies need to address target audiences both directly and also indirectly through social media. The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of the changing media landscape of direct marketing, and proposes a model of direct and indirect targeting of buyers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach

Adrian Palmer; Nicole Koenig-Lewis

2009-01-01

305

Social Approach and Emotion Recognition in Fragile X Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence is emerging that individuals with Fragile X syndrome (FXS) display emotion recognition deficits, which may contribute to their significant social difficulties. The current study investigated the emotion recognition abilities, and social approachability judgments, of FXS individuals when processing emotional stimuli. Relative to…

Williams, Tracey A.; Porter, Melanie A.; Langdon, Robyn

2014-01-01

306

An imaging genetics approach to understanding social influence  

PubMed Central

Normative social influences shape nearly every aspect of our lives, yet the biological processes mediating the impact of these social influences on behavior remain incompletely understood. In this Hypothesis, we outline a theoretical framework and an integrative research approach to the study of social influences on the brain and genetic moderators of such effects. First, we review neuroimaging evidence linking social influence and conformity to the brain's reward system. We next review neuroimaging evidence linking social punishment (exclusion) to brain systems involved in the experience of pain, as well as evidence linking exclusion to conformity. We suggest that genetic variants that increase sensitivity to social cues may predispose individuals to be more sensitive to either social rewards or punishments (or potentially both), which in turn increases conformity and susceptibility to normative social influences more broadly. To this end, we review evidence for genetic moderators of neurochemical responses in the brain, and suggest ways in which genes and pharmacology may modulate sensitivity to social influences. We conclude by proposing an integrative imaging genetics approach to the study of brain mediators and genetic modulators of a variety of social influences on human attitudes, beliefs, and actions. PMID:22701416

Falk, Emily B.; Way, Baldwin M.; Jasinska, Agnes J.

2012-01-01

307

Bad Science and Its Social Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates three types of bad science: (1) cultural prejudice based on scientific errors (polygenism, phrenology, reification through intelligence testing); (2) unethical science (Tuskegee syphilis experiments, tobacco companies and research); and (3) unwitting errors (pesticides, chlorofluorocarbons). (Contains 50 references.) (SK)

Zeidler, Dana L.; Sadler, Troy D.; Berson, Michael J.; Fogelman, Aimee L.

2002-01-01

308

Emergence as an Explanatory Principle in Artificial Societies. Reflection on the Bottom-Up Approach to Social Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the notion of emergence in Artificial Societies. Roughly, two competing approaches to the foundations\\u000a of social science exist: A micro foundation of social theory on the one hand and a notion of an emergent holistic social theory\\u000a on the other. This dichotomy re-appears also in Artificial Societies. It will be argued that philosophical decisions made\\u000a on the

Martin Neumann

2006-01-01

309

Summer 2010 School of Social Sciences Supplement  

E-print Network

of disciplines from Neuroscience to Child Welfare and many points in between including Sociology, Politics, Criminology, Psychology, Youth Justice and Youth Studies, Career Guidance, Counselling, Social Work and Public social questions of the day. Our work is relevant and engaging. We hope that you will consider renewing

Evans, Paul

310

SOCIAL SCIENCE EDUCATION CONSORTIUM. PUBLICATION 101, SOCIOLOGY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS PAPER DISCUSSES THE STRUCTURE OF SOCIETY IN TERMS OF SIX ELEMENTS OR LEVELS--(1) VALUES, NORMS, AND BELIEFS, (2) SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS, (3) ORGANIZATIONS, (4) GROUPS, (5) POSITIONS, AND (6) SOCIAL ROLES. THE AUTHOR STATES THAT TO SEE SOCIETY IN ITS TOTALITY IS TO SEE DOWN THESE LEVELS OF SOCIETY AND ACROSS EACH OF THE LEVELS, AND TO LOOK FOR…

PERRUCCI, ROBERT

311

Social Sciences Research and Instructional Council Teaching Resources Depository  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Social Sciences Research and Instructional Council Teaching Resources Depository (SSRIC/TRD) facilitates computer-aided instruction of quantitative methods for the social sciences and supports the dissemination of research data. SSRIC/TRD contains seven instructional modules for social science research courses. Topics range from Exploring the Macroeconomy to California Opinions on Women's Issues, and modules include downloadable texts, exercises, codebooks, and datasets for use with SPSS or other statistical software packages. Also available at the site are a glossary of statistical terms, a full-text online version of _SPSS For Windows 7.5: A Brief Tutorial_, 13 independent data analysis exercises for students, and numerous other teaching tools and links for instructors of anthropology, economics, geography, political science, and sociology.

312

Problems of the Late Twentieth Century: A Behavioral Sciences Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This twelfth grade curriculum guide explores the five behavioral sciences: sociology, social psychology, anthropology, economics, and political science. The overall objectives of the units are: 1) to survey these sciences within a complex society; 2) to realize the importance of individual to the total group; 3) to be aware of the major social

Cooperative Curriculum Service Center, Centerville, MD.

313

Building Inclusive Communities: A Social Capital Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Population shifts have changed the face of many Idaho communities, but inclusive relationships among groups can build the social capital required for communities to thrive. University of Idaho Extension developed "Idaho's Journey for Diversity and Human Rights" as a hands-on traveling workshop about past and present issues of human rights and…

Shaklee, Harriet; Laumatia, Laura; Luckey, Brian; Traver, Sue; Nauman, Arlinda; Tifft, Kathee; Liddil, Audrey; Hampton, Carol

2010-01-01

314

A Novel Approach to Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers can help students to understand, retain, and relate to what is taught in a Social Studies class by selecting television shows, novels, films, and plays which broaden the students' environment beyond their personal experience. Several events in American History can be made more stimulating by the use of novels to present vivid pictures of…

Butman, Alexander M.

1967-01-01

315

Practicing Science: The Investigative Approach in College Science Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this collection of ten articles reprinted from the Journal of College Science Teaching, college and university science professors show how they have used investigative learning--or inquiry-based instruction--to introduce students to the process of science. These first-person accounts demonstrate how students, including non-science majors, can learn to do science as it is done in the real world--through hypothesis building, observation, and experimental design. The higher education faculty represented in this book is committed to the investigative approach. As one contributor writes, "Would I return to lecturing in a traditional fashion? Not a chance. The excitement and energy of a room of students working in groups, challenging each other, and questioning each other is what I'll always want to see in my classroom."

NSTA Press

2001-01-01

316

Social network theory in the behavioural sciences: potential applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social network theory has made major contributions to our understanding of human social organisation but has found relatively\\u000a little application in the field of animal behaviour. In this review, we identify several broad research areas where the networks\\u000a approach could greatly enhance our understanding of social patterns and processes in animals. The network theory provides\\u000a a quantitative framework that can

J. Krause; D. P. Croft; R. James

2007-01-01

317

Social Attitudes Toward Science of Freshmen at Hinds Junior College Relative to Their Understanding of Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is a study to: (1) measure the initial social attitudes of college freshmen toward science in comparison to their understanding of science, and (2) evaluate changes in the freshmen attitudes which may occur during the students' first academic year in a science course. The 413 students in this study were enrolled in one of the following…

Williamson, Troy Lee

318

Understanding social capital to support a primary health care approach in a socially fragmented region  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Tasmanian health system is experiencing considerable change as it shifts toward a primary health care approach with associated restructuring of rural health services. These changes will impact significantly on small isolated and socially fragmented communities such as those on the west coast of Tasmania. This paper examines how understanding social capital can support a shift towards the community participation

Sue Kilpatrick; Stuart Auckland

319

Project Calliope: Science and Social Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the 'Project Calliope' picosatellite to explore how to use social media to initiate, fund, and engage in scientific research. 'Project Calliope' is a sonified ionospheric detector being launched in 2010 on the \\

Alexander Antunes

2010-01-01

320

Social Science and the Third World: Constraints on the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order for American social scientists to effectively contribute to international social science, they must confront two challenges. They must come to terms with the problems generated by the fragmentation of the American social science disciplines and with the involvement of American social science with American foreign policy. (IS)

Prewitt, Kenneth

1983-01-01

321

Response: From Fish and Bicycles to a Science of Social Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

John Brekke challenges the field and profession of social work to define and develop the "science of social work". This response to Brekke's paper identifies the premises undergirding a discussion of the science of social work related to (1) a definition of "science";; (2 ) an organizing principle for social work; (3) a recognition that the task…

Marsh, Jeanne Cay

2012-01-01

322

Corporate social responsibility: modern vis-à-vis Vedic approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – With increasing competitiveness today's business scenario has become highly complex. Aims to focus on corporate social responsibility (CSR), which has become increasingly important in the modern era. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A conceptual discussion and approach are taken. Findings – CSR encompasses a wide variety of concerns such as ethical values in business, welfare of society, awareness, respect and protection

A. K. Sharma; Balvir Talwar

2005-01-01

323

Relationship Marketing and Consumers: A Social Dilemmas Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article a Social Dilemmas approach is taken toward relationship marketing, and consumer and seller behavior. This approach offers several advantages. It explicitly takes into account the dilemma that results from the differences in interests between consumers and sellers, as well as their interdependency and tendency toward opportunistic behavior. It focuses simultaneously on the two parties in dynamic interaction.

Gijsbert B. W. Willenborg

1999-01-01

324

Reframing social sustainability reporting: towards an engaged approach  

E-print Network

Reframing social sustainability reporting: towards an engaged approach Liam Magee · Andy Scerri, bottom­up approaches are more often adopted by civil society organizations and communities. Top an important part of the public face of many organizations. Regu- larized corporate reporting practices

Padgham, Lin

325

September 2011 SCHOOL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES  

E-print Network

Americans 1983 Rockefeller Foundation Minority Research Fellowship 1984 National Science Foundation Research National Science Foundation, Honorable Mention 1978 (offered but refused) Organization of American States Foundation Grant to study the effects of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. Co

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

326

Social Media and Science: where do we go from here?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

What is black and white and 'read' all over? Facebook, that's what. As of December 2012 Facebook had over 618 million daily users, and over a billion monthly users from around the world (http://newsroom.fb.com/Key-Facts). Twitter has more than 130 million active users and generates as many as 340 million Tweets a day (http://blog.twitter.com/2012/03/twitter-turns-six.html). Social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter are not the future of communication, they are the reality, and scientists (and science organizations) need to become part of the conversation. More than half of the teenage and adult population of the US belongs to a social network or are using another form of social media on a regular basis. This creates an opportunity for organizations to use the well-established functionality and pervasiveness of social media platforms to communicate important scientific information and discoveries. In addition, the informal environment of social media allows scientists to interact with non-scientists in a friendly and non-threatening way that can be used to create engagement scenarios that continue the cycle of discussions, experiments, analysis and conclusions that typify science. Social media also provides scientists with the means and opportunity to improve the way science is viewed by the public while improving general science literacy and integrating scientific discoveries into the fabric of the lives of non-scientists. Many questions remain regarding the best way to utilize the opportunities that social media present. For instance, how can we reach a broader, more diverse audience? What are realistic expectations about the effects of social media? How do we improve the quality of content? How can we use social media to communicate scientific information in innovative ways? And perhaps most importantly, how do we know if we are communicating successfully? The EarthScope National Office will share our experiences creating a social media program from the ground up, and address some of these important, fundamental questions. We'll also share our opinions and thoughts about the future of online scientific communication, the ever-changing role of social media in communicating scientific discoveries and ways that the community can work together to enhance the role of social media in science.

Bohon, W.; Robinson, S.; Arrowsmith, R.; Semken, S. C.

2013-12-01

327

Systems approach to studying animal sociality: individual position versus group organization in dynamic social network models.  

PubMed

Social networks can be used to represent group structure as a network of interacting components, and also to quantify both the position of each individual and the global properties of a group. In a series of simulation experiments based on dynamic social networks, we test the prediction that social behaviors that help individuals reach prominence within their social group may conflict with their potential to benefit from their social environment. In addition to cases where individuals were able to benefit from improving both their personal relative importance and group organization, using only simple rules of social affiliation we were able to obtain results in which individuals would face a trade-off between these factors. While selection would favor (or work against) social behaviors that concordantly increase (or decrease, respectively) fitness at both individual and group level, when these factors conflict with each other the eventual selective pressure would depend on the relative returns individuals get from their social environment and their position within it. The presented results highlight the importance of a systems approach to studying animal sociality, in which the effects of social behaviors should be viewed not only through the benefits that those provide to individuals, but also in terms of how they affect broader social environment and how in turn this is reflected back on an individual's fitness. PMID:21203425

Hock, Karlo; Ng, Kah Loon; Fefferman, Nina H

2010-01-01

328

CESSDA: Council of European Social Science Data Archives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Council of European Social Science Data Archives (CESSDA) facilitates the distribution of electronic data for social science education and research in Europe. CESSDA promotes data sharing by providing the Integrated Data Catalogue (IDC) at its Website. The multilingual IDC allows users to conduct a broadcast search of up to eleven social science data catalogs located all over the world, including catalogs in Israel, Australia, the US, and Europe. The IDC's simple catalog design--based on a Z39.50-WAIS protocol--and interface make it easy to use. The clearly displayed search results are ordered in accordance to the amount of hits per record in proportion to the total size of the record. Mirrors for the IDC are available in both the UK and Australia to foster quicker searching around the globe. In addition to the IDC, the CESSDA site supplies three clickable international maps that link users to the sites of 32 other data archives.

329

Reflections on the Disciplinary Gulf between the Natural and Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The general purpose of this essay is to explore key features of the disciplinary gulf between the natural and social sciences, and, in particular, differences in fundamental assumptions concerning the nature and purpose of knowledge. The essay contrasts the claims of the natural sciences to objectivity and universality with those of the social sciences, especially the qualitative social sciences, to

Susan Wright

2006-01-01

330

Computer Simulations: Inelegant Mathematics and Worse Social Science?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of three positively evaluated social science computer simulations is reviewed as a basis for comments on current debates about the utility of social simulations: Colby's treatment of neurotic belief dynamics, the Abelson?Bernstein simulation of fluoridation controversies and Alker's projected computer model of United Nations parliamentary diplomacy.In each case, the non?analytical nature of the computer model is not due

Hayward R. Alker Jr

1974-01-01

331

Longitudinal Effects of Internet Uses on Depressive Affect: A Social Resources Approach  

E-print Network

Longitudinal Effects of Internet Uses on Depressive Affect: A Social Resources Approach Katherine, Internet uses, social support, extraversion, interpersonal interaction, social resources. #12;Internet use 2 Abstract Using the Internet could augment people's social resources, displace everyday

332

Putting people on the map through an approach that integrates social data in conservation planning.  

PubMed

Conservation planning is integral to strategic and effective operations of conservation organizations. Drawing upon biological sciences, conservation planning has historically made limited use of social data. We offer an approach for integrating data on social well-being into conservation planning that captures and places into context the spatial patterns and trends in human needs and capacities. This hierarchical approach provides a nested framework for characterizing and mapping data on social well-being in 5 domains: economic well-being, health, political empowerment, education, and culture. These 5 domains each have multiple attributes; each attribute may be characterized by one or more indicators. Through existing or novel data that display spatial and temporal heterogeneity in social well-being, conservation scientists, planners, and decision makers may measure, benchmark, map, and integrate these data within conservation planning processes. Selecting indicators and integrating these data into conservation planning is an iterative, participatory process tailored to the local context and planning goals. Social well-being data complement biophysical and threat-oriented social data within conservation planning processes to inform decisions regarding where and how to conserve biodiversity, provide a structure for exploring socioecological relationships, and to foster adaptive management. Building upon existing conservation planning methods and insights from multiple disciplines, this approach to putting people on the map can readily merge with current planning practices to facilitate more rigorous decision making. PMID:25102957

Stephanson, Sheri L; Mascia, Michael B

2014-10-01

333

Integrating Genetics and Social Science: Genetic Risk Scores  

PubMed Central

The sequencing of the human genome and the advent of low-cost genome-wide assays that generate millions of observations of individual genomes in a matter of hours constitute a disruptive innovation for social science. Many public-use social science datasets have or will soon add genome-wide genetic data. With these new data come technical challenges, but also new possibilities. Among these, the lowest hanging fruit and the most potentially disruptive to existing research programs is the ability to measure previously invisible contours of health and disease risk within populations. In this article, we outline why now is the time for social scientists to bring genetics into their research programs. We discuss how to select genetic variants to study. We explain how the polygenic architecture of complex traits and the low penetrance of individual genetic loci pose challenges to research integrating genetics and social science. We introduce genetic risk scores as a method of addressing these challenges and provide guidance on how genetic risk scores can be constructed. We conclude by outlining research questions that are ripe for social science inquiry. PMID:25343363

Belsky, Daniel W.; Israel, Salomon

2014-01-01

334

Emily Brooks 3151 Social Science Plaza A  

E-print Network

States, California Studies Topics Cultural Anthropology, Environmental Anthropology, Science and Technology Studies, Medical Anthropology Research Steele-Burnand Anza-Borrego Desert Research Center 2013 Support Office 2010-2011 Clinical Research Data Coordinator Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, Medical Oncology

Loudon, Catherine

335

Math and science illiteracy: Social and economic impacts  

SciTech Connect

Today`s highly competitive global economy is being driven by increasingly rapid technological development. This paper explores the problems of math and science illiteracy in the United States and the potential impact on our economic survival in this environment during the next century. Established educational methods that reward task performance, emphasize passive lecture, and fail to demonstrate relevance to real life are partly to blame. Social norms, stereotypes, and race and gender bias also have an impact. To address this crisis, we need to question the philosophy of an educational system that values task over concept. Many schools have already initiated programs at all grade levels to make math and science learning more relevant, stimulating, and fun. Teaching methods that integrate math and science learning with teamwork, social context, and other academic subjects promote the development of higher-order thinking skills and help students see math and science as necessary skills.

Williams, J.L.

1994-05-01

336

PUBLIC CAR PARKS Social Sciences P1  

E-print Network

and Beniamino Matatia 91 David Azrieli School of Architecture 89 Mexico Building of the Arts 69 Michelle Kikoine LIBRARIeS School of Architecture Library Building 89 Archeology Library 39 Brender-Moss Library for Social Building 20 Engineering and Maintenance Building 18 Machinery Building ­ North 60 Planning, Methods

Einat, Aharonov

337

Topic Modeling for the Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

As textual datasets grow in size and scope, social scientists need better tools to help make sense of that data. Despite the natural applicability of topic modeling to many such problems, word counts and tag clouds are often used as the primary means of gleaning information from textual data. We characterize two barriers to adoption encountered during a collaboration between

Daniel Ramage; Evan Rosen; Jason Chuang; Christopher D. Manning; Daniel A. McFarland

338

Social Science Research Centre University of Canterbury  

E-print Network

interest in technology and its impact on processes of social change. Changes in technology were the Internet was the best "new, new thing" that was available in information and communication technology (ICT Socio-Economic Impacts of ICT E-government@ the Local Level ­ A Discussion Paper Ben Peacey Department

Hickman, Mark

339

Ethnography as Method in Social Sciences  

E-print Network

.. To understand ,,other cultures. #12;Ethnographic Immersion In-field study became the only form of understanding social contexts of `other' culture #12;What informs Ethnographic method... The spirit of scientific ­ by what method? For whom? about whom? by whom? to what end? The ethnographer as a sympathetic

Narasayya, Vivek

340

77 FR 62538 - Advisory Committee for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Economic Sciences, National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Boulevard...recommendations to the National Science Foundation on major goals and...Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences Directorate programs and activities...Recent Competitions Agenda for Future Meeting, Assignments,...

2012-10-15

341

75 FR 25886 - Advisory Committee for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Economic Sciences, National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Boulevard...recommendations to the National Science Foundation on major goals and...Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences Directorate programs and activities...priorities for FY 2011. SBE Future Directions. AC Report...

2010-05-10

342

An equilibrium approach to modelling social interaction  

E-print Network

The aim of this work is to put forward a statistical mechanics theory of social interaction, generalizing econometric discrete choice models. After showing the formal equivalence linking econometric multinomial logit models to equilibrium statical mechanics, a multi-population generalization of the Curie-Weiss model for ferromagnets is considered as a starting point in developing a model capable of describing sudden shifts in aggregate human behaviour. Existence of the thermodynamic limit for the model is shown by an asymptotic sub-additivity method and factorization of correlation functions is proved almost everywhere. The exact solution of the model is provided in the thermodynamical limit by finding converging upper and lower bounds for the system's pressure, and the solution is used to prove an analytic result regarding the number of possible equilibrium states of a two-population system. The work stresses the importance of linking regimes predicted by the model to real phenomena, and to this end it propo...

Gallo, Ignacio

2009-01-01

343

An Introduction to Computer Science with Emphasis on Statistics and the Social Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a separate course section dedicated to the needs of social scientists which is embedded within an introductory course in computer science. The special needs of the students and steps taken to satisfy those needs are delineated. (Author/CMV)

Brown, Theodore; Jacobs, Barry

1978-01-01

344

Sustaining the Bering Ecosystem: A Social Science Research Plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Bering Sea is changing from an ice-dominated to an increasingly open water system. The over-arching goal of the NSF-supported Bering Ecosystem Study (BEST) is to understand the effects of climate variability and change on the Bering Sea ecosystem. To the people who are simultaneously a part of that ecosystem and rely on its productivity for life and work, climate change and its effects are among the top concerns. Sustaining the Bering Ecosystem articulates a vision and approaches for social science research as a component of the BEST Program (www.arcus.org/bering). This science plan seeks to initiate research to elucidate the dynamic relationship between the Bering Sea ecosystem and the humans who constitute an integral component of that system. To do so, this plan delineates a research program focused on three broad themes: 1. Impacts on humans: how past, current, and possible future changes in the Bering Sea ecosystem affect the health and well-being of people living and depending on this region for subsistence, employment, and cultural survival. 2. Human impacts: how changing human uses of the Bering Sea region affect the natural cycles of this ecosystem by moderating and/or accelerating systemic changes. 3. Dynamics of human and non-human natural systems: how the human-environmental dynamic has changed through time and may change in the future due to internal and external opportunities and pressures. These themes are developed in the context of a community-driven approach based on the concerns, goals, and interests of Bering Sea residents and other stakeholders of the region. This plan has been drafted through the collaboration of Bering Sea residents (primarily Alaska Natives) and non-resident stakeholders, social scientists, and natural scientists to focus efforts around research questions important to stakeholders, which in various ways center on issues of sustainability (of resources, economic opportunities, ways of life, and culture itself). The research envisioned by this plan will provide a foundation for resident communities, regional corporations and tribal councils, industry stakeholders, resource managers and policy makers at various levels to plan for and face the future with less uncertainty. To accomplish this goal, research must be developed with attention to concrete and practical outcomes. In this social science effort, and in the broader Bering Sea Ecosystem Study (BEST) of which it is a part, synergies must be explored that harness the strengths of multiple disciplines toward common purposes. For this reason, the research anticipated in this plan will: - generally involve interdisciplinary teams and projects that include a modeling component; - may focus on more than one of the defined research themes; and - require collaboration and partnership with Native and non-Native residents and stakeholders in the Bering Sea.

Fitzhugh, B.; Huntington, H. P.; Pete, M. C.; Sepez, J. A.

2007-12-01

345

Toward a New Social Contract Theory in Organization Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article suggests that strategy research (and other management disciplines as well) should move beyond a neo-Hobbesian approach to contracting toward a new social contract approach. Work from an agency theory perspective in particular has generated utilitarian insights, but its description of agent behavior is too limited and its assumptions are not a useful guide to productive alliances among firms.

Joseph T. Mahoney; Anne S. Huff; James O. Huff

1994-01-01

346

Science and social policy problems: resolution of some, creation of others.  

PubMed

The scientist has two jobs: to do good science, and to be a spokesperson for science in the creation of rational social policy. Three categories of interaction between science and policy are described and examples given. The first is where science has provided data that were decisive in causing policy to be enacted. The second is where science is capable of resolving equity issues that have arisen from problems that science itself created. The third is where the issues are ultimately resolved by extra-scientific considerations. Two major issues where it is hoped that science can make a significant contribution include outcomes analysis, a new approach to dealing with health care costs and variations in clinical practice; and the disease concept of alcoholism, with questions it raises of volition, personal responsibility, and punishment. However, science alone is never the dominant force in the shaping of policy, which is determined by the interaction of many social forces, such as morals, values, politics, and economics. PMID:1845596

Gordis, E

1991-01-01

347

Toward critical spatial thinking in the social sciences and humanities  

PubMed Central

The integration of geographically referenced information into the conceptual frameworks and applied uses of the social sciences and humanities has been an ongoing process over the past few centuries. It has gained momentum in recent decades with advances in technologies for computation and visualization and with the arrival of new data sources. This article begins with an overview of this transition, and argues that the spatial integration of information resources and the cross-disciplinary sharing of analysis and representation methodologies are important forces for the integration of scientific and artistic expression, and that they draw on core concepts in spatial (and spatio-temporal) thinking. We do not suggest that this is akin to prior concepts of unified knowledge systems, but we do maintain that the boundaries to knowledge transfer are disintegrating and that our abilities in problem solving for purposes of artistic expression and scientific development are enhanced through spatial perspectives. Moreover, approaches to education at all levels must recognize the need to impart proficiency in the critical and efficient application of these fundamental spatial concepts, if students and researchers are to make use of expanding access to a broadening range of spatialized information and data processing technologies. PMID:20454588

Goodchild, Michael F.; Janelle, Donald G.

2010-01-01

348

Humanities and Social Sciences Postgraduate programmes  

E-print Network

will encourage you to work hard and to achieve your ambitions. We share a passion for our subject that we very Sciences 50 MSc International Development 52 MSc International Public Policy Analysis 54 MSc Wellbeing and Wellbeing* PhD Health and Wellbeing* PhD Health Professional Doctorate in Health (by distance

Burton, Geoffrey R.

349

The Hybridization of Social Science Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the growth of science as a twofold process: (1) the fragmentation of formal disciplines; and (2) a recombination of the specialties resulting from this fragmentation. Discusses the division of disciplines into specialized subfields that has led to the development of hybrid specialties, and maintains that the concept of hybridization is…

Dogan, Mattei

1996-01-01

350

Guide to Social Science Resources in Women's Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography describes the contents and critically evaluates 654 social science books and collections of journal articles in women's studies. The objective is to assist in research and in the organization of undergraduate or graduate courses on women. The resources are presented in nine sections. Section I covers anthropology,…

Oakes, Elizabeth H.; Sheldon, Kathleen E.

351

Social Science Libraries Section. Special Libraries Division. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three papers on the nonconventional literature and social science libraries were presented at the 1983 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference. In "Grey Material: A Scandinavian View," Birgitta Bergdahl (Sweden) outlines the etymology and meaning of the concept of "grey literature" (which can include reports, theses,…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

352

Survey of Online Access to Social Science Data Bases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Until very recently there was little computer access to comprehensive bibliographic data bases in the social sciences. Now online searching of several directly relevant files is made possible through services such as the Lockheed DIALOG system. These data bases are briefly surveyed, with emphasis on content, structure, and strategy appropriate for…

Donati, Robert

353

Medical student perceptions of a behavioural and social science curriculum  

PubMed Central

Background In 2006, Oregon Health & Science University began implementing changes to better integrate mental health and social science into the curriculum by addressing the Institute of Medicine's (IOM's) 2004 recommendation for the inclusion of six behavioural and social science (BSS) domains: health policy and economics, patient behaviour, physician–patient interaction, mind–body interactions, physician role and behaviour, and social and cultural issues. Methods We conducted three focus groups with a purposive sample of 23 fourth-year medical students who were exposed to 4 years of the new curriculum. Students were asked to reflect upon the adequacy of their BSS training specifically as it related to the six IOM domains. The 90-minute focus groups were recorded, transcribed and analysed. Results Students felt the MS1 and MS2 years of the curriculum presented a strong didactic orientation to behavioural and social science precepts. However, they reported that these principles were not well integrated into clinical care during the second two years. Students identified three opportunities to further the inclusion of BSS in their clinical training: presentation of BSS concepts prior to relevant clinical exposure, consistent BSS skills mentoring in the clinical setting, and improving cultural congruence between aspects of BSS and biomedicine. Conclusions Students exposed to the revised BSS curriculum tend to value its principles; however, modelling and practical training in the application of these principles during the second two years of medical school are needed to reinforce this learning and demonstrate methods of integrating BSS principles into practice. PMID:23205062

2011-01-01

354

College of Arts and Social Sciences RESEARCH STRATEGIC PLAN 20102014  

E-print Network

the core of the College's research and education activity. This strategic plan reflects the College in fundamental, strategic and applied research and education in the humanities, social sciences and the creative intensive education, throughout the spectrum of undergraduate and graduate programs, and a strong

Botea, Adi

355

Psychology Department College of Arts, Social and Health Sciences  

E-print Network

FAPS07-11 Psychology Department College of Arts, Social and Health Sciences Assistant Professor. The Psychology Department at UNBC offers programs of study leading to the BSc, BScHon, MSc, and PhD degrees. For more information about the Psychology Department, visit our website: www.unbc.ca/psychology

Northern British Columbia, University of

356

Consulting services and the social sciences: Communication and cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the computer to process data has become so indispensable to business and government that it is now being taught in an inchoate form to nearly all social science students. The principal reason the computer has become so important is obvious: the machine makes it possible to process large quantities of data quickly, conveniently, and accurately. Thus, knowing how to

Ronn J. Hy; Peter B. Nelson; William L. Waugh

1977-01-01

357

Roadmap: Integrated Social Studies Sociology Bachelor of Science in Education  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Integrated Social Studies ­ Sociology ­ Bachelor of Science in Education [EH 29535 Education in a Democratic Society 3 C SOC 12050 Introduction to Sociology 3 C Fulfills Kent Core SOC 22100 Sociological Analysis 3 C SPED 23000 Introduction to Exceptionalities 3 C Fulfills domestic

Sheridan, Scott

358

Roadmap: Integrated Social Studies Sociology Bachelor of Science in Education  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Integrated Social Studies ­ Sociology ­ Bachelor of Science in Education [EH of the term CULT 29535 Education in a Democratic Society 3 C SOC 12050 Introduction to Sociology 3 C Fulfills SOC 22100 Sociological Analysis 3 C SPED 23000 Introduction to Exceptionalities 3 C Fulfills domestic

Sheridan, Scott

359

The National Science Foundation: Funding Opportunities for Social Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduces the National Science Foundation as a potential funding source for social work researchers and describes the experience of one faculty member in seeking funding from this source. The author provides an overview of the foundation, discusses its programmatic structure, proposal preparation, selection criteria, and review…

Jaskyte, Kristina

2005-01-01

360

On Using GIS to Teach in the Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author discusses how a professor can harness the power of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and use GIS to teach in the social sciences. She shows examples of how GIS can illustrate concepts during lecture or discussion, and provides two specific GIS assignments: one for undergraduate students and the other for graduate…

Harris, Jill S.

2012-01-01

361

Ranciere and the Poetics of the Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the significance of Jacques Ranciere's work for methodological debates in the social sciences, and education specifically. It explores the implications of constructing research as an aesthetic, rather than primarily a methodological, endeavour. What is at stake in this distinction is the means by which research intervenes in…

Pelletier, Caroline

2009-01-01

362

Children and Television Advertising from a Social Science Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses previous reviews on the literature on children and television advertising to trace the short history of research from a social science perspective on advertising directed at children. Examines the dimensions that have come to define the field. Argues that nothing in these studies indicates an increasingly sophisticated perspective of the…

Pecora, Norma

1995-01-01

363

***Approved September 30, 2009*** Social Science Division Meeting Minutes  

E-print Network

-Crain, Roger Rose, Jennifer Rothchild, Kevin Stefanek, Dennis Stewart, and Sheng Xiao Student Representative excused absences: Katherine Benson, Jacqueline Greenwood Julien, and Leslie Meek Faculty on leave: Harold elections Social Science Division Art Board (SSDAB) Steve Gross (chair), Julie Pelletier, and Cheryl Stewart

Minnesota, University of

364

BachelorofArts/BachelorofEducation GeneralMajorintheSocialSciences/  

E-print Network

). About Education specializations The Faculty of Education offers three specializations: · Early Childhood Education · Special/Inclusive Education · Technology in Education The specializations consist of fourBachelorofArts/BachelorofEducation GeneralMajorintheSocialSciences/ PhysicalEducation Calendar Year

Seldin, Jonathan P.

365

BachelorofArts/BachelorofEducation GeneralMajorintheSocialSciences/  

E-print Network

of Education offers 19 minors and three specializations (Early Childhood Education, Special/Inclusive Education, and Technology in Education). A minor consists of five non-Education courses and one curriculum and instructionBachelorofArts/BachelorofEducation GeneralMajorintheSocialSciences/ PhysicalEducation Calendar Year

Seldin, Jonathan P.

366

Aspects of Ethics As They Affect Social Science Curriculums.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the current interest in values and moral education and briefly comments on how they affect college level social science curricula. Many contemporary educators and scholars hope that a renewed emphasis on moral education will achieve the following goals: (1) introduce normative inquiry into higher learning, in order to…

Gildea, Ray Y.

367

The School of Social Sciences Robert L. Dipboye  

E-print Network

for PSYC 339 or 340) At least 1 course from each block Block 1 PSYC 308 Memory PSYC 309 Psychology220 Psychology The School of Social Sciences Chair Robert L. Dipboye Professors Richard Bagozzi of psychology, with advanced courses and research opportunities to fit individual needs. Programs of study may

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

368

The School of Social Sciences Randi C. Martin  

E-print Network

interests include cognitive psychology (human memory, psycholinguistics, perception, and information for PSYC 339 or 340) At least 1 course from each block* Block 1 PSYC 308 Memory PSYC 309 Psychology245 Psychology The School of Social Sciences Chair Randi C. Martin Professors Richard Bagozzi

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

369

Career Activities in Social Science: Grades 7, 8, 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The career activities guide in social science, part of an Idaho State Department of Vocational Education career exploration series for grades 7, 8, and 9, is designed as supplementary material to enrich the regular curriculum. Any one activity in the guide might be used without involving any other activities. The cross-referenced index indicates…

Boise City Independent School District, ID.

370

Social Science Research Council Annual Report, 1977-1978.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Detailed accounts of activities of 19 committees of the Social Science Research Council form the major portion of this annual report. In addition, the Council president's report summarizes the activities, trends, and goals of the Council in areas such as research planning, the improvement of research methodology, and the training of competent…

Social Science Research Council, New York, NY.

371

Reverse Engineering Chinese Censorship1 Institute for Quantitative Social Science  

E-print Network

Reverse Engineering Chinese Censorship1 Gary King2 Institute for Quantitative Social Science and Molly Roberts 2 GaryKing.org 1/29 #12;Papers An Observational Study: How Censorship in China Allows) Experimental and Participatory Studies: A Randomized Experimental Study of Censorship in China Copies at Gary

372

Reverse Engineering Chinese Censorship1 Institute for Quantitative Social Science  

E-print Network

Reverse Engineering Chinese Censorship1 Gary King2 Institute for Quantitative Social Science with Jennifer Pan and Margaret Roberts 2 GaryKing.org 1/29 #12;Papers An Observational Study: How Censorship, May 2013) Experimental and Participatory Studies: Reverse Engineering Chinese Censorship (Under review

373

Reverse Engineering Chinese Censorship Institute for Quantitative Social Science  

E-print Network

Reverse Engineering Chinese Censorship Gary King1 Institute for Quantitative Social Science Harvard on joint work with Jennifer Pan and Molly Roberts 1/29 #12;Papers An Observational Study: How Censorship, May 2013) Experimental and Participatory Studies: A Randomized Experimental Study of Censorship

374

Reverse Engineering Chinese Censorship1 Institute for Quantitative Social Science  

E-print Network

Reverse Engineering Chinese Censorship1 Gary King2 Institute for Quantitative Social Science Censorship in China Allows Government Criticism but Silences Collective Expression (American Political of Censorship in China Copies at GaryKing.org 2/29 #12;Chinese Censorship The largest selective suppression

375

Women and Spatial Change: Learning Resources for Social Science Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six units focusing on the effects of spatial change on women are designed to supplement college introductory courses in geography and the social sciences. Unit 1, Woman and Agricultural Landscapes, focuses on how women contributed to landscape change in prehistory, women's impact on the environment, and the hypothesis that women developed…

Rengert, Arlene C., Ed.; Monk, Janice J., Ed.

376

Popper's Fact-Standard Dualism Contra "Value Free" Social Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noncognitivism, the belief that normative statements (unlike empirical statements) do not convey objective knowledge is contrasted to Karl Popper's "critical dualism," which maintains that science is imbued with values and value judgments. Noncognitivism impedes the development of a social scientific method which would integrate empirical research…

Eidlin, Fred H.

1983-01-01

377

Ongoing and Completed Social Science Research For Weather Hazards  

E-print Network

Ongoing and Completed Social Science Research For Weather Hazards Storm Surge Marketing Plan NOAA National Weather Service (NWS) Weather Forecast Offices (WFOs) and their key intermediaries (emergency a watch, a warning, and an advisory which is National Weather Service (NWS) nomenclature used leading up

378

Robotics and intelligent systems for social and behavioral science undergraduates  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we share our experiences offering an original course entitled Intelligent Systems targeted at undergraduate social and behavioral science students. Intelligent Systems provides a rigorous introduction to robotics and surveys selected topics in artificial intelligence. This course is tailored to students with little mathematical background and no programming experience. We offer best practices and information from successful course

Tom Armstrong

2010-01-01

379

Television. Innovations: The Social Consequences of Science and Technology Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is part of an interdisciplinary program designed to educate the general citizenry regarding the issues of science/technology/society (STS) that have important consequences for both present and future social policies. Specifically, the program provides an opportunity for students to assess the effects of selected technological…

McConnell, Mary C.; And Others

380

COPYRIGHT NOTICE: Gary Goertz: Social Science Concepts: A User's Guide  

E-print Network

COPYRIGHT NOTICE: Gary Goertz: Social Science Concepts: A User's Guide is published by Princeton use of, instead of the ideas themselves . . . especially if the ideas be very complex, and made up or theory. Of course, by now this is a fairly familiar prob- lem. It is one that the researcher has faced

Landweber, Laura

381

School of Nursing College of Arts, Social and Health Sciences  

E-print Network

FANU04-11 School of Nursing College of Arts, Social and Health Sciences Classroom and Clinical Instructors Part-Time Term (Sessional) The University of Northern British Columbia, School of Nursing is seeking part-time term instructors to teach undergraduate nursing students in years 3 and 4

Northern British Columbia, University of

382

School of Nursing College of Arts, Social and Health Sciences  

E-print Network

FANU07-12 School of Nursing College of Arts, Social and Health Sciences Classroom and Clinical Instructors Part-Time Term (Sessional) The University of Northern British Columbia, School of Nursing is seeking part-time term instructors to teach undergraduate nursing students in years 3 and 4

Northern British Columbia, University of

383

School of Nursing College of Arts, Social and Health Sciences  

E-print Network

FANU05-10 School of Nursing College of Arts, Social and Health Sciences Classroom and Clinical Instructors Part-Time Term (Sessional) The University of Northern British Columbia, School of Nursing is seeking part-time term instructors to teach undergraduate nursing students in years 3 and 4

Northern British Columbia, University of

384

Using Geography To Integrate Science and Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on geography in secondary education, offering reasons why geography is becoming more popular in schools. Provides four activities that integrate science and social studies through geography. Includes topics such as ecological disasters, monsoons, the ozone layer, and global warming. (CMK)

Dircks, Henry

2002-01-01

385

Information Science, Historical Changes and Social Aspects: A Nordic Outlook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes and discuses some aspects concerning the historical and social context of information science and information institutions. Highlights include views of Jose Ortega y Gasset; changing conceptions of the structure, foci, and content of the discipline; prewar and postwar paradigms; the physical paradigm; and the cognitive view. (Contains 27…

Orom, Anders

2000-01-01

386

Socializing Respect and Knowledge in a Racially Integrated Science Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we examine the socialization of respect in a racially integrated science classroom in Northern California that employed a character education program called Tribes. We focus on the ways scripts derived from this program are enacted during Community Circle activities and how breaches to these scripts and the norms of respectful…

Solis, Jorge; Kattan, Shlomy; Baquedano-Lopez, Patricia

2009-01-01

387

Social Science and Intelligence Analysis: The Role of Intelligence Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on intelligence analysis identifies a number of analytic dynamics and shortcomings in the U.S. intelligence community that reflect insufficiently developed competencies in advanced theoretical modeling and research methodology. These domains are squarely in the mission and purview of higher education, particularly at the graduate level. Higher education has been assigned some of the blame for the social science

Michael Landon-Murray

2011-01-01

388

I. ASCRC General Education Form Group Group VII Social Science  

E-print Network

, leadership, management information systems, new media, organizational structure, production and teamwork. IV and studying human and organizational behavior (see part 2 below for examples of such frameworks). StudentsI. ASCRC General Education Form Group Group VII Social Science Dept/Program Management

Vonessen, Nikolaus

389

Social science education as a component of medical training  

Microsoft Academic Search

The broad view of health espoused by the World Health Organization is now generally accepted by medical educators. Implicit in the new paradigm is a recognition of multiple determinants of health and of shifting divisions of professional responsibilities among providers. As a consequence, the importance of social and behavioural science education as a foundation to medical training is increasingly appreciated.

S. M. MacLeod; H. N. McCullough

1994-01-01

390

School of Nursing College of Arts Social and Health Sciences  

E-print Network

acuity, acute care or rural health. Evidence of continuing professional development and/or scholarshipFANU04-12 School of Nursing College of Arts Social and Health Sciences Senior Laboratory Instructor in continuing professional development and scholarly activities, along with service to the University, community

Northern British Columbia, University of

391

Tuning in to Young Viewers: Social Science Perspectives on Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that children are especially vulnerable to the effects of television viewing. Taking a psychological, social-science perspective, this book explores how television viewing affects children. Chapter 1, "Introduction," (MacBeth) discusses the issues involved, how researchers go about studying media effects, whether television…

MacBeth, Tannis M., Ed.

392

Faculty of Arts , Humanities and Social Sciences Music, Combined Honours  

E-print Network

Faculty of Arts , Humanities and Social Sciences Music, Combined Honours This program allows. You could be one of the first classes of students to reap the benefits! Experiential Learning) · Researcher (with additional studies) · Media arts · Preparation for law, medicine, or other fields where

393

Faculty of Arts , Humanities and Social Sciences Music, Combined Honours  

E-print Network

Faculty of Arts , Humanities and Social Sciences Music, Combined Honours This program allows in the fall of 2016. You could be one of the first classes of students to reap the benefits! Experiential · Music industry · Educator (with additional studies) · Researcher (with additional studies) · Media arts

394

Government & Social Science Information: European Union Internet Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California-Berkeley Library's Government and Social Science Information Service (GSSI) has developed this Web site relating to European Union (EU) information. It provides a list of EU servers including those related to Information and R & D Activities, an EU FAQ and other University EU links.

395

Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues in Science (ELSI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory's Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues in Science Web site is especially suitable for middle and high school students and teachers and tackles hard issues that face contemporary scientists every day. Connect to the ELSI pages to see a discussion of basic vs. applied research, equal access to medical screening, indoor air pollution, and personal privacy and medical databases.

396

http://ssc.sagepub.com Social Science Computer  

E-print Network

Social Science Computer Review R. Kelly Garrett and Paul N. Edwards Movement Revolutionary Secrets Secrets Technology's Role in the South African Anti-Apartheid Movement R. Kelly Garrett University was critical to this success (Jenkin, 1995; Press, 1995). They assert that the capabilities afforded

Edwards, Paul N.

397

Science, Technology, and Society in the Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights some current resources for teaching science-related social issues in elementary and secondary classrooms from the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) database. Issues covered are varied and include population growth, environmental concerns, bioethical questions, hunger and food resources, water resources, nuclear energy, and…

Smiddie, Laura

1990-01-01

398

Environmental Studies 130 -Social Sciences This course explores contemporary environmental issues from the perspective of the  

E-print Network

Environmental Studies 130 - Social Sciences This course explores contemporary environmental issues from the perspective of the social sciences. It includes the cultural and political framing of environmental issues, the analysis of economic incentives and constraints, ethical issues prompted by scarce

Callender, Craig

399

College of Social and Behavioral Science Scholarship Application, page 1 SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION FORM  

E-print Network

-mortgage debt? Please list student loans separately. #12;College of Social and Behavioral Science Scholarship __________________________________ ____________________ ______________ __________________________________ ____________________ ______________ __________________________________ ____________________ ______________ __________________________________ ____________________ ______________ __________________________________ ____________________ ______________ List college and high school activities (include student government, sports, school publicationsCollege of Social and Behavioral Science Scholarship Application, page 1 SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION

Tipple, Brett

400

Positioning positivism, critical realism and social constructionism in the health sciences: a philosophical orientation.  

PubMed

Positioning positivism, critical realism and social constructionism in the health sciences: a philosophical orientation This article starts by considering the differences within the positivist tradition and then it moves on to compare two of the most prominent schools of postpositivism, namely critical realism and social constructionism. Critical realists hold, with positivism, that knowledge should be positively applied, but reject the positivist method for doing this, arguing that causal explanations have to be based not on empirical regularities but on references to unobservable structures. Social constructionists take a different approach to postpositivism and endorse a relativist rejection of truth and hold that the task of research is to foster a scepticism that undermines any positive truth claim made. It is argued that social constructionism is a contradictory position. PMID:22212371

Cruickshank, Justin

2012-03-01

401

Tracking the dynamics of the social brain: ERP approaches for social cognitive and affective neuroscience  

PubMed Central

Event-related potential (ERP) approaches to social cognitive and affective neuroscience (SCAN) are not as widely used as other neuroimaging techniques, yet they offer several unique advantages. In particular, the high temporal resolution of ERP measures of neural activity make them ideally suited for studying the dynamic interplay of rapidly unfolding cognitive and affective processes. In this article, we highlight the utility of ERP methods for scientists investigating questions of SCAN. We begin with a brief description of the physiological basis of ERPs and discussion of methodological practices. We then discuss how ERPs may be used to address a range of questions concerning social perception, social cognition, attitudes, affect and self-regulation, with examples of research that has used the ERP approach to contribute important theoretical advances in these areas. Whether used alone or in combination with other techniques, the ERP is an indispensable part of the social and affective neuroscientist’s methodological toolkit. PMID:24319116

Amodio, David M.; Ito, Tiffany A.

2014-01-01

402

Seeking a sustainable approach for computational science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many are now questioning whether our current approaches to developing software for science and engineering are sustainable. In particular, can we deliver to society and the nation the full benefits expected from high-performance simulation at the peta and exascales? Or is innovative science being stifled by the increasing complexities of all aspects of our problem space (rapidly changing hardware, software, multidisciplinary physics, etc.)? Focusing on applications in chemistry and materials science, and motivated by the co-design of exascale hardware and software, I will discuss many of these issues including how chemistry has already been forced to adopt solutions that differ quite sharply to those in the mainstream, and how these solutions position us well for the technology transitions now under way. Radical changes in how we compute, going all the way back to the underlying numerical representation and algorithms used for the simulation, also promise great enhancements to both developer productivity and the accuracy of simulations.

Harrison, Robert

2013-03-01

403

Interdisciplinary education approach to the human science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We introduced human sciences as components, and integrated them together as an interdisciplinary endeavor over decades. This year, we built a website to maintain systematically the educational research service. We captured the human sciences in various components in the SPIE proceedings over the last decades, which included: (i) ears & eyes like adaptive wavelets, (ii) brain-like unsupervised learning independent component analysis (ICA); (iii) compressive sampling spatiotemporal sparse information processing, (iv) nanoengineering approach to sensing components, (v) systems biology measurements, and (vi) biomedical wellness applications. In order to serve the interdisciplinary community better, our system approach is based on that the former recipients invited the next recipients to deliver their review talks and panel discussions. Since only the former recipients of each component can lead the nomination committees and make the final selections, we also create a leadership award which may be nominated by any conference attendance, to be approved by the conference organization committee.

Szu, Harold; Zheng, Yufeng; Zhang, Nian

2012-06-01

404

The School of Social Sciences Peter Hartley  

E-print Network

/or monetary theory, and public finance. Degree Requirements for B.A. in Economics or Mathematical Economic Distributive Justice-- A Microeconomic Approach ECON 483 Public Finance--Tax Policy ECON 484 Public Expenditure

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

405

The School of Social Sciences Peter Hartley  

E-print Network

/or monetary theory, and public finance. Degree Requirements for B.A. in Economics or Mathematical Economic Economics ECON 482 Distributive Justice-- A Microeconomic Approach ECON 483 Public Finance--Tax Policy ECON

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

406

Using a social entrepreneurial approach to enhance the financial and social value of health care organizations.  

PubMed

In this study, a conceptual framework was developed to show that social entrepreneurial practices can be effectively translated to meet the social needs in health care. We used a theory-in-use case study approach that encompasses postulation of a working taxonomy from literature scanning and a deliberation of the taxonomy through triangulation of multilevel data of a case study conducted in a Taiwan-based hospital system. Specifically, we demonstrated that a nonprofit organization can adopt business principles that emphasize both financial and social value. We tested our model and found comprehensive accountability across departments throughout the case hospital system, and this led to sustainable and continual growth of the organization. Through social entrepreneurial practices, we established that both financial value creation and fulfilling the social mission for the case hospital system can be achieved. PMID:25223158

Liu, Sandra S; Lu, Jui-Fen Rachel; Guo, Kristina L

2014-01-01

407

Employee Reactions to Merit Pay: Cognitive Approach and Social Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dissertation aims to tackle one of the most pressing questions facing the merit pay system researchers and practitioners: Why do merit pay raises have such a small effect on employees' satisfaction, commitment and job performance? My approach to the study of this question is to develop explanatory frameworks from two perspectives: cognitive…

Wang, Yingchun

2010-01-01

408

The ethics of pharmaceutical research funding: a social organization approach.  

PubMed

This paper advances a social organization approach to examining unethical behavior. While unethical behaviors may stem in part from failures in individual morality or psychological blind spots, they are both generated and performed through social interactions among individuals and groups. To illustrate the value of a social organization approach, a case study of a medical school professor's first experience with pharmaceutical-company-sponsored research is provided in order to examine how funding arrangements can constrain research integrity. The case illustrates three significant ways that institutional corruption can occur in the research process. First, conflicts of norms between pharmaceutical companies, universities, and affiliated teaching hospitals can result in compromises and self-censorship. Second, normal behavior is shaped through routine interactions. Unethical behaviors can be (or can become) normal behaviors when they are produced and reproduced through a network of social interactions. Third, funding arrangements can create networks of dependency that structurally distort the independence of the academic researcher in favor of the funder's interests. More broadly, the case study demonstrates how the social organization approach deepens our understanding of the practice of ethics. PMID:24088153

Gray, Garry C

2013-01-01

409

Scientific Method in Teaching Physics in Languages and Social Sciences Department of High—Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The expansion of scientific materials in the last few decades, demands that the contemporary educational system should select and develop methods of effective learning in the process of acquiring skills and knowledge usable and feasible for a longer period of time. Grammar schools as general educational institutions possess all that is necessary for the development of new teaching methods and fitting into contemporary social tendencies. In the languages and social sciences department in of grammar schools physics is the only natural sciences subject present during all four years. The classical approach to teaching is tiring as such and creates aversion towards learning physic when it deals with pupils oriented towards social sciences. The introduction of scientific methods raises the motivation to a substantial level and when applied both the teacher and pupils forget when the class starts or ends. The assignment has shown the analysis of initial knowledge of physics of the pupils attending the first grade of languages and social sciences department of of grammar schools as a preparation for the introduction of the scientific method, the analysis of the initial test with the topic of gravitation, as well as the analysis of the final test after applying the scientific method through the topic of gravitation. The introduction of the scientific method has duly justified the expectations and resulted in increasing the level of achievement among the pupils in the experimental class.

Nagl, Mirko G.; Obadovi?, Dušanka Ž.; Stojanovi?, Maja M.

2010-01-01

410

Integrating the History and Nature of Science and Technology in Science and Social Studies Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a review of the literature concerning integrating the history and nature of science and technology in science and social studies curricula. Areas reviewed include the importance of these concepts in education, their place in the current curriculum, and efforts at integrating these concepts. (over 50 references) (PR)

King, Bruce B.

1991-01-01

411

Canadian collaboration networks: A comparative analysis of the natural sciences, social sciences and the humanities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A basic dichotomy is generally made between publication practices in the natural sciences and engineering (NSE) on the one hand and social sciences and humanities (SSH) on the other. However, while researchers in the NSE share some common practices with researchers in SSH, the spectrum of practices is broader in the latter. Drawing on data from the CD-ROM versions of

Vincent Larivière; Yves Gingras; Éric Archambault

2006-01-01

412

Social marketing: an overview of approach and effects.  

PubMed

This paper reviews the applicability of commercial and social marketing to teen driving safety. It draws on a wide range of information, including evaluation studies of specific programs as well as standards of practice within these two professions. Social marketing has been widely applied for more than three decades in the fields of public health, environmental protection, and political marketing with significant success. The paper attempts to distinguish between the practice of commercial marketing, whose goal is profit, and the practice of social marketing, whose goal is societal benefit. Issues of sustainability, segmentation, differences in behavioral characteristics, and cultural competence are discussed with specific examples drawn from the transportation safety literature. The paper suggests that social marketing represents a viable companion to control and education approaches to behavior change to promote teen driving safety. PMID:16788110

Smith, W A

2006-06-01

413

Collaboration between law enforcement and the social sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses the advantages of collaboration between social psychological researchers and law enforcement officers. Collaboration is distinguished from passive cooperation, and the importance of an effective practitioner-researcher coupling mechanism is noted. An example of this type of collaboration, involving the identification of 3rd-party intervention approaches used by police officers when dealing with interpersonal conflicts, is described. Both law enforcement and social

Morton Bard

1975-01-01

414

The value and use of social media as communication tool in the plant sciences  

PubMed Central

Social media now complements many parts of our lives. Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and many other social networking sites allow users to share and interact with online content and to connect with like-minded people. Its strengths – rapid dissemination and amplification of content and the ability to lead informal conversations – make it a powerful tool to use in a professional context. This commentary explains the overall concept of social media and offers suggestions on usage and possible types of scientific content. It advises researchers on the potential benefits and how to take a strategic approach towards building a social media presence. It also presents examples of effective social media use within the plant science community. Common reasons for scientists to not engage with social media include the fear of appearing unprofessional, posting something wrong or being misunderstood, or a lack of confidence in their computer skills. With the rapid changes in academic publishing, dissemination and science communication, as well as the rise of ‘altmetrics’ to track online engagement with scientific content, digital literacy will become an essential skill in a scientist’s tool kit. PMID:23845168

2013-01-01

415

Assessing Social Approachability: Individual Differences, In-Group Biases, and Experimental Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The willingness of strangers to approach others and engage in social interactions is a fundamental social evaluation. Yet, evidence is lacking on how well these social engagement decisions can be assessed. The authors evaluated the psychometric characteristics of an experimentally based measure of social approachability tendencies. Young adults (N = 130) rated the approachability of 48 emotionally neutral and mildly

Darren W. Campbell; Tanya Neuert; Krista B. Friesen; Nancy A. McKeen

2010-01-01

416

Inservice Teacher Education to Support Utilization of New Social Science Curricula. Social Science Education Consortium, Publication 125.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference of colleagues from social science curriculum projects was designed to explore the problem of inservice teacher education to facilitate high quality utilization of innovative instructional materials and teaching procedures, or, change in basic educational practice. The conference was planned to involve all the participants in a flow…

Fox, Robert; And Others

417

What is Social Sciences and Humanities Research "Worth,"? Neoliberalism and the Framing of Social Sciences and Humanities Work in Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers a critique of the discursive politics represented in attempts to frame social sciences and humanities work in the mould of neoliberal knowledge capitalism. The critique offered is inspired by Foucault's critical thought on neoliberalism and an interpretation of "neoliberal governmentality" that flows from his…

Davidson-Harden, Adam

2013-01-01

418

Supporting Transgender Children: New Legal, Social, and Medical Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author, a lawyer who advocates for transgender children and youth, explores how clinical approaches to transgender children and youth are keeping pace with social and legal changes affecting these young people and with recent evidence suggesting that children are harmed by family and societal rejection as well as by attempts to change their gender identity or gender expression. The

Shannon Price Minter

2012-01-01

419

Religious Content in Social Work Education: A Comparative Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a rationale and methodology for teaching about the religious and spiritual aspects of human behavior in social work curricula. An approach derived from the field of comparative religious studies is described, including examination of religion as a universal aspect of human culture, religious diversity, and the usefulness and authenticity of religious beliefs and practices. Implications for the

Edward R. Canda

1989-01-01

420

Effectiveness of a Social Change Approach to Sexual Assault Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examined the impact on resident assistants of a social change approach to sexual assault prevention. The interactive multi-media program focused on engaging men on sexual assault prevention, accurately defining rape for college men and women, identifying aspects of the rape culture in society and on-campus, and empowering college…

Edwards, Keith E.

2009-01-01

421

Bachelor of Arts, Sociology, Social Science, Secondary Education Emphasis, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Arts, Sociology, Social Science, Secondary Education Emphasis, 2014-2015 Name ID# Date for more information. 14 SOC 210 Computer Applications in Social Sciences 3 SOC 301 Sociological Theory I 3 SOC 302 Sociological Theory II 3 SOC 310 Elementary Social Statistics 3 CID SOC 311 Social Research 3

Barrash, Warren

422

Bachelor of Arts, Sociology, Social Science, Secondary Education Emphasis, 2012-2013 Name ID# Date  

E-print Network

Bachelor of Arts, Sociology, Social Science, Secondary Education Emphasis, 2012-2013 Name ID# Date Applications in Social Sciences 3 SOC 301 Sociological Theory I 3 SOC 302 Sociological Theory II 3 SOC 310 Elementary Social Statistics 3 CID SOC 311 Social Research 3 FF SOC 498 Sociology Seminar 3 Upper

Barrash, Warren

423

Complementary Social Sciences Courses in the Alberta High School Curriculum: A Conceptual Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In keeping with Alberta Education's goals and responsibilities to develop and evaluate curriculum and to set standards and assess outcomes, the Ministry is reviewing the status and purpose of social sciences courses as part of the high school curriculum. The present social sciences curriculum was revised in 1985. As part of the social sciences

Staszenski, Donna; Smits, Hans

2008-01-01

424

What can the Social Sciences Contribute to the Study of Rtics? Theoretical, Empirical and Substantive Considerations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article seeks to establish that the social sciences have an important contribution to make to the study of ethics. The discussion is framed around three questions: (i) what theoretical work can the social sciences contribute to the understanding of ethics? (ii) what empirical work can the social sciences contribute to the understanding of ethics? And (iii) how does this

Erica Haimes

2002-01-01

425

Understanding University Reform in Japan through the Prism of the Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks at current university reforms in Japan through two slightly different social science prisms: how social science methodologies and theories can help us understand those reforms better and how social science teaching in universities will be affected by the current reform processes. (Contains 3 tables and 7 notes.)

Goodman, Roger

2008-01-01

426

Information Requirements of Researchers in the Social Sciences. Volume 1: Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main findings of an investigation into the information requirements of the Social Sciences, conducted between September 1967 and December 1970, are reported. It covers the information needs of social science researchers, and of teachers in social science departments of universities. The objective of the investigation was to provide material…

Bath Univ. of Technology (England). Univ. Library.

427

High Society: Are Our Social Sciences as Relevant to Government as They Might Be?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taking up a theme raised by Stuart Cunningham in a recent issue of the "AUR"--that the innovations of Australia's humanities, creative arts, and social sciences are not getting the recognition that they deserve from the nation's government--this paper, dealing only with the social sciences, offers a cautionary note. If the social sciences are to…

Wickham, Gary

2008-01-01

428

TEACHING LEADERSHIP AS ENGAGED 21ST CENTURY SOCIAL SCIENCE: A PORTFOLI O OF TRANSITION LEARNING ECOLOGIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores four questions: (1) What are common themes in meaning among the terms social science, engaged social science, leadership, and teaching? (2) What forces are driving the need to make progress teaching leadership as engaged social science? (3) What examples in the author's portfolio illustrate a search for such progress? (4) What lessons do we draw for a

Alexis A. Halley

2002-01-01

429

Science-Based Prevention Through Communities That Care: A Model of Social Work Practice for Public Health  

PubMed Central

This paper describes a public health orientation to drug and alcohol abuse prevention; reviews the state of the science underlying a risk and protective factor approach to alcohol and drug abuse prevention; describes Communities That Care, a community practice model that makes use of this evidence; and considers how this model reflects four important principles of social work practice. The intent of this article is to provide guidance to social workers who support the National Association of Social Work’s intention to make prevention practice central to the provision of alcohol and drug abuse services by social workers. PMID:23731424

Haggerty, Kevin P.; Shapiro, Valerie B.

2013-01-01

430

Taking a Scientific Approach to Science Teaching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is now well-documented that traditionally taught, large-scale introductory science courses often fail to teach our students the basics. In fact, these same courses have been found to teach students things we don't intend. Building on a tradition of research, the physics and astronomy education research communities have been investigating the effects of educational reforms at the undergraduate level for decades. Both within these scientific communities and in the fields of education, cognitive science, psychology, and other social sciences, we have learned a great deal about student learning and environments that support learning for an increasingly diverse population of students. This presentation will discuss a variety of effective classroom practices, (with an emphasis on peer instruction, "clickers," and small group activities), the surrounding educational structures, and examine assessments which indicate when and why these do (and sometimes do not) work. After a broad survey of education research, we will look at some of the exciting theoretical and experimental developments within this field that are being conducted at the University of Colorado. Throughout, we will consider research and practices that can be of value in both physics and astronomy classes, as well as applications to teaching in a variety of environments.

Pollock, S.

2011-09-01

431

Behavioural Sciences in the Health Field: Integrating Natural and Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main goal of this project has been threefold: first, to create an hboxintegrated course system under the name ‘Behavioural\\u000a Science’ in which students of medicine and health sciences are provided with a set of social and behavioural sciences applicable\\u000a to medicine; second, to develop a health status monitoring system by means of two surveys (Hungarostudy which collects data\\u000a on

Bettina F. Piko; Maria S. Kopp

432

Human Reproduction: Social and Technological Aspects. Innovations: The Social Consequences of Science and Technology Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is part of an interdisciplinary program designed to educate the general citizenry regarding the issues of science/technology/society that have important consequences for both present and future social policies. Specifically, the program provides an opportunity for students to assess the effects of selected technological innovations in…

McConnell, Mary C.; And Others

433

Understanding India, globalisation and health care systems: a mapping of research in the social sciences.  

PubMed

National and transnational health care systems are rapidly evolving with current processes of globalisation. What is the contribution of the social sciences to an understanding of this field? A structured scoping exercise was conducted to identify relevant literature using the lens of India - a 'rising power' with a rapidly expanding healthcare economy. A five step search and analysis method was employed in order to capture as wide a range of material as possible. Documents published in English that met criteria for a social science contribution were included for review. Via electronic bibliographic databases, websites and hand searches conducted in India, 113 relevant articles, books and reports were identified. These were classified according to topic area, publication date, disciplinary perspective, genre, and theoretical and methodological approaches. Topic areas were identified initially through an inductive approach, then rationalised into seven broad themes. Transnational consumption of health services; the transnational healthcare workforce; the production, consumption and trade in specific health-related commodities, and transnational diffusion of ideas and knowledge have all received attention from social scientists in work related to India. Other themes with smaller volumes of work include new global health governance issues and structures; transnational delivery of health services and the transnational movement of capital. Thirteen disciplines were found represented in our review, with social policy being a clear leader, followed by economics and management studies. Overall this survey of India-related work suggests a young and expanding literature, although hampered by inadequacies in global comparative data, and by difficulties in accessing commercially sensitive information. The field would benefit from further cross-fertilisation between disciplines and greater application of explanatory theory. Literatures around stem cell research and health related commodities provide some excellent examples of illuminating social science. Future research agendas on health systems issues need to include innovative empirical work that captures the dynamics of transnational processes and that links macro-level change to fine-grained observations of social life. PMID:22963264

Bisht, Ramila; Pitchforth, Emma; Murray, Susan F

2012-01-01

434

Philosophy of the Social Sciences: The Nature of Political Inquiry \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This course is designed to serve as a required companion to the introductory graduate course in quantitative methods. It presumes a fairly strong background in the study of American politics and institutions. In the first section of the course, we will explore the major approaches to studying political science. Students should be able to identify and apply these approaches to

Thomas Edison

435

Differences in short-term memory span of social sciences, science and engineering, and business majors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the difference in the short-term memory span of students of three major groups, namely Social Sciences, Science and Engineering, and Business. This study was designed to answer the following two questions: (1) Is there a difference between short-term memory span, measured by digit span, among the students in or intended for Social Sciences, Science and Engineering, and Business majors? (2) Is there a difference of short-term memory span, measured by word span, among students in or intended for Social Sciences, Science and Engineering, and Business majors? For answering these two questions, inferential and descriptive statistics were used. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to compare the means of the scores of digit span and word span among the three major groups. The means of digit span and word span among the three groups were compared to find out if a statistically significant difference existed among them or not. The observations were recorded at the level of significance at alpha = .05, and highly significant at alpha = .01. The answer to the first question is yes. The results of this study showed a statistically significant difference in the means of the digit span of the three major groups of students in or intended for Social Sciences, Science and Engineering, and Business. The mean scaled score for digit span was 12.88 for Social Sciences, 14.27 for Science and Engineering, and 15.33 for Business majors, respectively. The means of the free recalls word span of the three groups was 7.23 for Social Sciences, 7.89 for Science and Engineering, and 7.12 for Business majors, respectively. No significant difference was observed in the means of the word span of the three groups. In general observations, it is noted that students want to stay in the subjects or majors in which they can perform well or feel comfortable. In addition to this, students are screened in the school system due to levels of performance or selection pressure. Students' academic performances are dependent on their academic environment and on their inherited construct of short-term and long-term memory span. The use of the memory in certain majors, such as Science and Engineering and Business, are more demanding as compared to Social Science majors. For example, for Science and Engineering majors, students need to memorize complex structures and also need to keep larger information at a stretch in their short-term memory to incorporate it into incoming and outgoing information. Of the other memory related constructs, the present study examined only the short-term memory of the students of different majors, and it was found that the students of the Social Sciences had a shorter digit span as compared to the Science and Engineering and Business majors. Business major students had the largest digit span as compared to the Social Sciences and Science and Engineering majors. This supports the idea that memory construct plays a role in the selection of student majors.

Khan, Naeem Ullah

436

Sport Activity - Systematic Approach to Science, Technology and Art Part One: Supportive Sport Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's sport has different aims and forms. It is investigated by many sciences: basic, supportive, real sport sciences. There exist also many technological, cultural and artistic approaches to sport. The paper presents a systematic review of all supportive sciences devoted to sports. There are: humanities, economy, formal and natural sciences, life sciences, health sciences, pathology and medicine. Within humanities there

S. Erdmann

437

Got Hybridization? A Multidisciplinary Approach for Informing Science Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hybridization in the wild between closely related species is not unusual. In some cases, hybridization may prove beneficial for a rare taxon. Under certain conditions, however, a rare taxon can be driven rapidly to extinction by hybridizing with a more common taxon. This problem is urgent because human activities are increasingly bringing together cross-compatible species that were previously geographically isolated. US conservation policy has yet to address how to deal with hybrid-derived individuals whose ancestry includes an endangered species. Developing sound scienceâ??based conservation policy that addresses hybridization requires cross-disciplinary social-science and life-science research to address the following two questions: (1) How do human decisions with regard to species protection, trade, transportation, land use, and other factors affect the opportunities for, and rates of hybridization between, rare species and more common relatives? and (2) How do the positive or negative perceived values regarding hybrids and hybrid-derived individuals compare with values regarding their nonhybridized counterparts from social, cultural, economic, and environmental perspectives? In this article we explore the ways to inform such policy using a multidisciplinary approach.

Norman Ellstrand (Center for Conservation Biology, University of California, Riverside; Department of Botany and Plant Sciences)

2010-05-03

438

Robot Science Meets Social Science: An Embodied Computational Model of Social Referencing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social referencing is the tendency to use the emotional reaction of another to help form one's own affective appraisal of a novel situation, which is then used to guide subsequent behavior. It is an important form of emotional communication and is a developmental milestone for human infants in their ability to learn about their environment through social means. In this

Andrea Lockerd Thomaz; Matt Berlin; Cynthia Breazeal

439

Communication Research in Library and Information Science: A Bibliography on Communication in the Sciences, Social Sciences, and Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research studies on communication in the sciences, social sciences, and technology published from 1964 through 1973 are listed in this bibliography. The 1,288 serially-numbered bibliographic items are subdivided into five broad headings: General, Structures of Communication, Discipline Oriented Studies, Communication Barriers, and Communication…

Waldhart, Thomas J.; Waldhart, Enid S.

440

77 FR 24227 - Proposal Review Panel for Social and Economic Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...92- 463 as amended), the National Science Foundation announces the following meeting: Name: Site visit review of the Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center (NSEC) at Arizona State University by the Division Social and Economic Sciences (...

2012-04-23

441

76 FR 65219 - Advisory Committee for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...92-463, as amended), the National Science Foundation announces the following...

2011-10-20

442

76 FR 24062 - Advisory Committee for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Advisory Committee for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences; Notice of Meeting In accordance with...92-463, as amended), the National Science Foundation announces the following...

2011-04-29

443

Popper's Analysis of the Problems of Induction and Demarcation and Mises' Justification of the Theoretical Social Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

In his Die beiden Grundprobleme der Erkenntnistheorie Popper explains that different epistemological positions can be regarded as attempts to solve the problems of induction and\\u000a demarcation. Inspired by Popper's approach, I consider Ludwig von Mises' epistemological position as an endeavor to resolve\\u000a those problems with respect to the special situation of the social sciences. Mises states that the theoretical social

Natsuka Tokumaru

444

Educacion y Ciencias Sociales en el Mundo Moderno. [Education and the Social Sciences in the Modern World].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document, written in Spanish, discusses the relationship between research in the social sciences and the role of the university in social science education. The author considers the education of researchers, the application of research, the need for interdisciplinary research methods, and problems involved in cross-cultural studies. He states…

Rimoldi, Horacio J. A.

445

Visualising the invisible: a network approach to reveal the informal social side of student learning.  

PubMed

World-wide, universities in health sciences have transformed their curriculum to include collaborative learning and facilitate the students' learning process. Interaction has been acknowledged to be the synergistic element in this learning context. However, students spend the majority of their time outside their classroom and interaction does not stop outside the classroom. Therefore we studied how informal social interaction influences student learning. Moreover, to explore what really matters in the students learning process, a model was tested how the generally known important constructs-prior performance, motivation and social integration-relate to informal social interaction and student learning. 301 undergraduate medical students participated in this cross-sectional quantitative study. Informal social interaction was assessed using self-reported surveys following the network approach. Students' individual motivation, social integration and prior performance were assessed by the Academic Motivation Scale, the College Adaption Questionnaire and students' GPA respectively. A factual knowledge test represented student' learning. All social networks were positively associated with student learning significantly: friendships (? = 0.11), providing information to other students (? = 0.16), receiving information from other students (? = 0.25). Structural equation modelling revealed a model in which social networks increased student learning (r = 0.43), followed by prior performance (r = 0.31). In contrast to prior literature, students' academic motivation and social integration were not associated with students' learning. Students' informal social interaction is strongly associated with students' learning. These findings underline the need to change our focus from the formal context (classroom) to the informal context to optimize student learning and deliver modern medics. PMID:22294429

Hommes, J; Rienties, B; de Grave, W; Bos, G; Schuwirth, L; Scherpbier, A

2012-12-01

446

Sixth Grade Interdisciplinary Packet: Science-Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide for sixth graders focuses upon "Who is Man?", "Who am I?" and "Man Needs Man" in an interdisciplinary sequence that combines scientific and social studies ideas and theories. It is hoped that this approach will help the pupil shape positive change within himself and his society. Emphasis is upon pupils gaining both conceptual…

Madison Public Schools, WI.

447

Growing Artificial Societies: Social Science from the Bottom Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do social structures and group behaviors arise from the interaction of individuals? Growing Artificial Societies approaches this question with cutting-edge computer simulation techniques. Fundamental collective behaviors such as group formation, cultural transmission, combat, and trade are seen to \\

Joshua M. Epstein; Robert L. Axtell

1996-01-01

448

Social acceleration and the network effect: a defence of social 'science fiction' and network determinism.  

PubMed

This essay is a response to Judy Wajcman's essay 'Life in the fast lane? Towards a sociology of technology and time' (2008: 59-77). In that article Wajcman argued that recent developments in the sociology of temporal change had been marked by a tendency in social theory towards a form of 'science fiction'--a sociological theorizing, she maintains, that bears no real relation to actual, empirically provable developments in the field and should therefore be viewed as not contributing to 'a richer analysis of the relationship between technology and time' (2008: 61). This reply argues that as Wajcman suggests in her essay, there is indeed an 'urgent need for increased dialogue to connect social theory with detailed empirical studies' (2008: 59) but that the most fruitful way to proceed would not be through a constraining of 'science fiction' social theorizing but, rather, through its expansion--and more, that 'science fiction' should take the lead in the process. This essay suggests that the connection between social theory and empirical studies would be strengthened by a wider understanding of the function of knowledge and research in the context of what is termed 'true originality' and 'routine originality'. The former is the domain of social theory and the latter resides within traditional sociological disciplines. It is argued that both need each other to advance our understanding of society, especially in the context of the fast-changing processes of technological development. The example of 'technological determinism' is discussed as illustrative of how 'routine originality' can harden into dogma without the application of 'true originality' to continually question (sometimes through ideas that may appear to border on 'science fiction') comfortable assumptions that may have become 'routine' and shorn of their initial 'originality'. PMID:20579058

Hassan, Robert

2010-06-01

449

Government & Social Science Information: European Union Collections Bibliography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California-Berkeley Library's Government and Social Science Information Service (GSSI) has developed this Web site relating to European Union (EU) information. The GSSI Research Guide on The European Union is a bibliography of over 35 information sources held by GSSI. It includes resources on directories, current information, statistics, indexes, bibliographies, legislation, and subject reports. While not all resources have hypertext links, the guide is still an excellent starting point for EU information.

450

Reversals of national fortune, and social science methodologies.  

PubMed

Among non-European regions colonized by Europeans, regions that were relatively richer five centuries ago (like Mexico, Peru, and India) tend to be poorer today, while regions that originally were relatively poorer (like the United States, Chile, and Australia) tend now to be richer. Acemoglu, Johnson, and Robinson (abbreviated AJR) established the generality of this reversal of fortune. Chanda, Cook, and Putterman (abbreviated CCP) have now reanalyzed it, taking as a unit of analysis populations rather than geographic regions. That is, India's population was Indian 500 y ago and is still overwhelmingly Indian today, whereas the United States' population was Native American 500 years ago but is overwhelmingly Old World (especially European) today. Reversals of fortune disappeared when CCP analyzed populations rather than geographic regions: for instance, the geographic region of the modern United States has become relatively richer since AD 1500, but the predominantly European population now occupying the United States was already relatively rich in AD 1500. Evidently, European colonists carried ingredients of wealth with them. I discuss the biological and cultural baggage transported by European immigrants and associated with wealth. Among that baggage, AJR emphasize institutions, CCP emphasize social capital, and I identify many different elements only loosely coupled to each other. This paper discusses the problem, especially acute in the social sciences, of "operationalizing" intuitive concepts (such as mass, temperature, wealth, and innovation) so that they can be measured. Basic concepts tend to be harder to define, operationalize, and measure in the social sciences than in the laboratory sciences. PMID:25385597

Diamond, Jared

2014-12-16

451

Science Instruction in Erie Demonstration Schools Prior to the Installation of Science - A Process Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents responses of New York and Pennsylvania elementary educators to questions concerning their actual science instruction prior to adoption of Science - A Process Approach, and their opinions concerning ideal elementary science programs. (DF)

Harty, Harold

1972-01-01

452

Psychology is broad science with numerous approaches all directed at understanding the mechanisms underlying behavioural phenomena. These approaches range from examining the  

E-print Network

Psychology is broad science with numerous approaches all directed at understanding the mechanisms. The Department of Psychology at the University of Lethbridge emphasizes three major experimental approaches by the department reflect this emphasis, courses in other areas of psychology--including social and clinical

Seldin, Jonathan P.

453

Socially Responsible Science Is More than “Good Science  

PubMed Central

The role of scientist carries an array of responsibilities. The most obvious is accurate and reliable research that can be depended upon by fellow researchers. Scientists also have a responsibility to oppose misuse or abuse in the application of research findings, and to attend to both the limitations and the foreseeable impacts of their work. In addition, as members of society, scientists have a responsibility to participate in discussions and decisions regarding the appropriate use of science in addressing societal issues and concerns, and to bring their specialized knowledge and expertise to activities and discussions that promote the education of students and fellow citizens, thereby enhancing and facilitating informed decision making and democracy. PMID:25574272

Bird, Stephanie J.

2014-01-01

454

Learning from Each Other: What Social Studies Can Learn from the Controversy Surrounding the Teaching of Evolution in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the need for researchers to move beyond discipline-specific approaches to research and practice and offers an example of how interdisciplinary understandings can increase knowledge in respective disciplines. The specific focus of the article is the shared challenges of broaching controversy in science and social studies…

Journell, Wayne

2013-01-01

455

CLOSSS: A Machine Readable Data Base of Social Science Serials, Progress Report, 1971-1972. Working Paper No. 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Deisgn of Information Systems in the Social Sciences (DISISS) is a research project conducted to describe the main characteristics of the literature of the social sciences using bibliometric techniques. A comprehensive machine readable file of social science serials was developed which is called CLOSSS (Check List of Social Science Serials). Data…

Roberts, S. A.; Bradshaw, R. G.

456

Hermeneutics as an approach to science: Part II  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper continues the hermeneutic-phenomenological investigation of natural science, in which understanding plays a role comparable to creative construction (see ‘Hermeneutics as an Approach to Science: Part I’ in Science & Education2(1)). The first issue treated is that of language: Is the language of science part of the equipment of the scientist, the subject, or part of the object itself

Martin Eger

1993-01-01

457

Mapping Interdisciplinarity at the Interfaces between the Science Citation Index and the Social Science Citation Index  

E-print Network

The two Journal Citation Reports of the Science Citation Index 2004 and the Social Science Citation Index 2004 were combined in order to analyze and map journals and specialties at the edges and in the overlap between the two databases. For journals which belong to the overlap (e.g., Scientometrics), the merger mainly enriches our insight into the structure which can be obtained from the two databases separately; but in the case of scientific journals which are more marginal in either database, the combination can provide a new perspective on the position and function of these journals (e.g., Environment and Planning B-Planning and Design). The combined database additionally enables us to map citation environments in terms of the various specialties comprehensively. Using the vector-space model, visualizations are provided for specialties that are parts of the overlap (information science, science & technology studies). On the basis of the resulting visualizations, "betweenness"--a measure from social net...

Leydesdorff, Loet

2009-01-01

458

Social attention with real versus reel stimuli: toward an empirical approach to concerns about ecological validity  

PubMed Central

Cognitive neuroscientists often study social cognition by using simple but socially relevant stimuli, such as schematic faces or images of other people. Whilst this research is valuable, important aspects of genuine social encounters are absent from these studies, a fact that has recently drawn criticism. In the present review we argue for an empirical approach to the determination of the equivalence of different social stimuli. This approach involves the systematic comparison of different types of social stimuli ranging in their approximation to a real social interaction. In garnering support for this cognitive ethological approach, we focus on recent research in social attention that has involved stimuli ranging from simple schematic faces to real social interactions. We highlight both meaningful similarities and differences in various social attentional phenomena across these different types of social stimuli thus validating the utility of the research initiative. Furthermore, we argue that exploring these similarities and differences will provide new insights into social cognition and social neuroscience. PMID:22654747

Risko, Evan F.; Laidlaw, Kaitlin E. W.; Freeth, Megan; Foulsham, Tom; Kingstone, Alan

2012-01-01

459

Funds of relationality: social bonds and science learners  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this response to Konstantinos Alexakos, Jayson K. Jones, and Victor H. Rodriguez, I will focus primarily on the importance of relationality for the development of a science learner identity. Along the way I will review (1) The cultural dynamics involved with the formation and sustenance of relationships in social life; (2) The methodological advantages of ethnographic inquiry for exploring funds of relationality; (3) The importance of relationality for science innovation throughout the pipeline of scientific training from K-12 schooling all the way through scientific breakthrough; (4) The absolutely vital role that relationality plays in creating a science learner identity. Finally I highlight how collaborative ethnography, in particular, is an excellent tool for seeking out funds of relationality that can be marshaled in the classroom as well as contributing to conceptual advancement in the theoretical vocabulary of relational sociology.

Smardon, Regina

2011-12-01

460

Social Sciences in Asia III: Burma, Mongolia, New Zealand, The Philippines, Singapore. Reports and Papers in the Social Sciences, No. 35.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series which provides overviews of social science research and teaching in UNESCO member nations, the document focuses on Burma, Mongolia, New Zealand, Philippines, and Singapore. One chapter is devoted to each of the five nations. For each country, the following information is presented: history of social science activity, institutional…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

461

Social Science and Health Research: Growth at the National Institutes of Health  

PubMed Central

Programs within the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have recently taken steps to enhance social science contributions to health research. A June 2000 conference convened by the NIH Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research highlighted the role of the social sciences in health research and developed an agenda for advancing such research. The conference and agenda underscored the importance of research on basic social scientific concepts and constructs, basic social science research on the etiology of health and illness, and the application of basic social science constructs in health services, treatment, and prevention research. Recent activities at NIH suggest a growing commitment to social science research and its integration into interdisciplinary multilevel studies of health. PMID:14713689

Bachrach, Christine A.; Abeles, Ronald P.

2004-01-01

462

Scientific Story Telling & Social Media The role of social media in effectively communicating science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific discourse generally takes place in appropriate journals, using the language and conventions of science. That's fine, as long as the discourse remains in scientific circles. It is only outside those circles that the rules and techniques of engaging social media tools gain importance. A young generation of scientists are eager to share their experiences by using social media, but is this effective? And how can we better integrate all outreach & media channels to engage general audiences? How can Facebook, Twitter, Skype and YouTube be used as synergy tools in scientific story telling? Case: during IODP Expedtion 342 (June-July 2012) onboard the scientific drillship JOIDES Resolution an onboard educator and videographer worked non-stop fort two months on an integrated outreach plan that tried and tested the limits of all social media tools available to interact with an international public while at sea. The results are spectacular!

Brinkhuis, D.; Peart, L.

2012-12-01

463

The social and political lives of zoonotic disease models: narratives, science and policy.  

PubMed

Zoonotic diseases currently pose both major health threats and complex scientific and policy challenges, to which modelling is increasingly called to respond. In this article we argue that the challenges are best met by combining multiple models and modelling approaches that elucidate the various epidemiological, ecological and social processes at work. These models should not be understood as neutral science informing policy in a linear manner, but as having social and political lives: social, cultural and political norms and values that shape their development and which they carry and project. We develop and illustrate this argument in relation to the cases of H5N1 avian influenza and Ebola, exploring for each the range of modelling approaches deployed and the ways they have been co-constructed with a particular politics of policy. Addressing the complex, uncertain dynamics of zoonotic disease requires such social and political lives to be made explicit in approaches that aim at triangulation rather than integration, and plural and conditional rather than singular forms of policy advice. PMID:23702205

Leach, Melissa; Scoones, Ian

2013-07-01

464

Science Curriculum: Shot-Gun or Rifle Approach?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stating that the shotgun approach to the science curriculum which has evolved for general education purposes is inappropriate for occupational programs, the authors report on research to evaluate the science curriculum for relevance to skills needed in various occupations. (MF)

Smith, Arthur DeW.; Hatton, J. T.

1978-01-01

465

Complementary Health Approaches for Chronic Pain: What the Science Says  

MedlinePLUS

... Complementary Health Approaches for Chronic Pain : What the Science Says September 2014 Fibromyalgia In general, research on ... products and practices in the context of rigorous science, training complementary health researchers, and disseminating authoritative information ...

466

SLU, Spring 2012 Bioenergy and social sciences: economics and sociology, 5hp  

E-print Network

and concepts such as `social change', `power', `technology and society' this session will illustrate howSLU, Spring 2012 1/6 Bioenergy and social sciences: economics and sociology, 5hp PNS0083 Bioenergy and social sciences: economics and sociology, 5hp The course is given as part

467

Implementation of the NCSS Guidelines for Teaching Science-Related Social Issues: Exemplar Lessons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the Guidelines for Teaching Science-Related Social Issues adopted in 1982 by the National Council for the Social Studies and 10 examplar lessons each keyed to particular guidelines and drawing upon contemporary issues. The premise upon which the guidelines are based is that science is a social issue and that the examination…

Otto, Robert A., Ed.

468

Effects of Lawyers' Sociopolitical Attitudes on Their Judgments of Social Science in Legal Decision Making  

Microsoft Academic Search

One theory to explain why courts often ignore relevant social science research is that it often refutes judges' sociopolitical beliefs. Using the death penalty as the exemplar social issue, this study explored whether lawyers' sociopolitical attitudes affect their judgments about the legal relevance of social science research introduced in court cases. Law students and state court judges completed a questionnaire

Richard E. Redding; N. Dickon Reppucci

1999-01-01

469

Social sciences research in neglected tropical diseases 2: A bibliographic analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There are strong arguments for social science and interdisciplinary research in the neglected tropical diseases. These diseases represent a rich and dynamic interplay between vector, host, and pathogen which occurs within social, physical and biological contexts. The overwhelming sense, however, is that neglected tropical diseases research is a biomedical endeavour largely excluding the social sciences. The purpose of this

Daniel D Reidpath; Pascale Allotey; Subhash Pokhrel

2011-01-01

470

Social science in forestry Paul Tabbush, Liz O'Brien, Max Hislop and Suzanne Martin  

E-print Network

Annual Report and Accounts 2002­2003 #12;Social science in forestry 41 Forest Research Annual Report and learning · Recreation, access and tourism. #12;42 Social science in forestry Forest Research Annual Report, honest and efficient decision-making process. · Forest managers need intimate knowledge of the social

471

Social behavior in the “Age of Empathy”?—A social scientist's perspective on current trends in the behavioral sciences  

PubMed Central

Recently, several behavioral sciences became increasingly interested in investigating biological and evolutionary foundations of (human) social behavior. In this light, prosocial behavior is seen as a core element of human nature. A central role within this perspective plays the “social brain” that is not only able to communicate with the environment but rather to interact directly with other brains via neuronal mind reading capacities such as empathy. From the perspective of a sociologist, this paper investigates what “social” means in contemporary behavioral and particularly brain sciences. It will be discussed what “social” means in the light of social neuroscience and a glance into the history of social psychology and the brain sciences will show that two thought traditions come together in social neuroscience, combining an individualistic and an evolutionary notion of the “social.” The paper concludes by situating current research on prosocial behavior in broader social discourses about sociality and society, suggesting that to naturalize prosocial aspects in human life is a current trend in today's behavioral sciences and beyond. PMID:23755003

Matusall, Svenja

2013-01-01

472

Religious Studies Science Social Science Page 331Sonoma State University 2006-2008 Catalog Religious Studies  

E-print Network

and current issues in the health profes- sions. The professions examined generally require a bachelor's degree, nursing, physical or occupational therapy, etc. Cr/NC only. Social Science Courses For more information Religious Studies For more information, please contact the program in Interdisciplinary Studies Physical

Ravikumar, B.

473

Universit de Lausanne, Institut des sciences sociales des religions contemporaines cole Pratique des Hautes tudes, Section des sciences religieuses  

E-print Network

Université de Lausanne, Institut des sciences sociales des religions sciences des religions de l'Université de Lausanne (Suisse) pour l'obtention du Doctorat en Sciences des contemporaines �cole Pratique des Hautes �tudes, Section des sciences religieuses

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

474

UNIVERSIT BLAISE PASCAL CLERMONT-FERRAND UFR de Psychologie Sciences Sociales et Sciences de l'ducation  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITÉ BLAISE PASCAL ­ CLERMONT-FERRAND UFR de Psychologie Sciences Sociales et Sciences de l'Université Blaise Pascal Mention : Sciences de l'Éducation (70ème section) L'influence de la prescription sur le _______________________________________________________________________ Roland Goigoux Professeur des Universités, sciences de l'éducation, Université Blaise Pascal, IUFM d

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

475

Social Sciences: Curriculum Guide for Teaching Gifted Students Social Sciences in Grades Seven Through Nine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a curriculum guide for teaching gifted junior high students social studies. The main purpose of the curriculum is to heighten student awareness of justice and due process of law by means of preparing for and conducting a mock trial of an historical figure. Thirteen cognitive behavioral objectives and five affective objectives are…

Levine, Martin

476

Research, engagement and public bioethics: promoting socially robust science.  

PubMed

Citizens today are increasingly expected to be knowledgeable about and prepared to engage with biomedical knowledge. In this article, I wish to reframe this 'public understanding of science' project, and place fresh emphasis on public understandings of research: an engagement with the everyday laboratory practices of biomedicine and its associated ethics, rather than with specific scientific facts. This is not based on an assumption that non-scientists are 'ignorant' and are thus unable to 'appropriately' use or debate science; rather, it is underpinned by an empirically-grounded observation that some individuals may be unfamiliar with certain specificities of particular modes of research and ethical frameworks, and, as a consequence, have their autonomy compromised when invited to participate in biomedical investigations. Drawing on the perspectives of participants in my own sociological research on the social and ethical dimensions of neuroscience, I argue that public understanding of biomedical research and its ethics should be developed both at the community level and within the research moment itself in order to enhance autonomy and promote more socially robust science. Public bioethics will have to play a key role in such an endeavour, and indeed will contribute in important ways to the opening up of new spaces of symmetrical engagement between bioethicists, scientists and wider publics-and hence to the democratisation of the bioethical enterprise. PMID:21673017

Pickersgill, Martyn D

2011-11-01

477

Research, Engagement, and Public Bioethics: Promoting Socially Robust Science  

PubMed Central

Citizens today are increasingly expected to be knowledgeable about and prepared to engage with biomedical knowledge. In this article, I wish to reframe this ‘public understanding of science’ project, and place fresh emphasis on public understandings of research: an engagement with the everyday laboratory practices of biomedicine and its associated ethics, rather than of specific scientific facts. This is not based on an assumption that non-scientists are ‘ignorant’ and are thus unable to ‘appropriately’ use or debate science; rather, it is underpinned by an empirically-grounded observation that some individuals may be unfamiliar with certain specificities of particular modes of research and ethical frameworks, and, as a consequence, have their autonomy compromised when invited to participate in biomedical investigations. Drawing on the perspectives of participants in my own sociological research on the social and ethical dimensions of neuroscience, I argue that public understandings of biomedical research and its ethics should be developed both at the community level and within the research moment itself, in order to enhance autonomy and promote more socially robust science. Public bioethics will have play a key role in such an endeavour, and indeed will contribute in important ways to the opening up of new spaces of symmetrical engagement between bioethicists, scientists, and wider publics – and hence to the democratisation of the bioethical enterprise. PMID:21673017

Pickersgill, Martyn D.

2012-01-01

478

SOCIAL SCIENCE COMPUTER REVIEW White et al. / KINSHIP AND MARRIAGE NETWORKS  

E-print Network

, social demography, political and economic elites, social class, ethnicity, and numerous other fieldsSOCIAL SCIENCE COMPUTER REVIEW White et al. / KINSHIP AND MARRIAGE NETWORKS Anthropology Analyzing networks, large network analysis, graph theory, cohe- sion, social groups and roles, genealogy, graphic

White, Douglas R.

479

A Social-Medical Approach to Violence in Colombia  

PubMed Central

Violence is the main public health problem in Colombia. Many theoretical and methodological approaches to solving this problem have been attempted from different disciplines. My past work has focused on homicide violence from the perspective of social medicine. In this article I present the main conceptual and methodological aspects and the chief findings of my research over the past 15 years. Findings include a quantitative description of the current situation and the introduction of the category of explanatory contexts as a contribution to the study of Colombian violence. The complexity and severity of this problem demand greater theoretical discussion, more plans for action and a faster transition between the two. Social medicine may make a growing contribution to this field. PMID:14652328

Franco, Saul

2003-01-01

480

"Hypothetical machines": the science fiction dreams of Cold War social science.  

PubMed

The introspectometer was a "hypothetical machine" Robert K. Merton introduced in the course of a 1956 how-to manual describing an actual research technique, the focused interview. This technique, in turn, formed the basis of wartime morale research and consumer behavior studies as well as perhaps the most ubiquitous social science tool, the focus group. This essay explores a new perspective on Cold War social science made possible by comparing two kinds of apparatuses: one real, the other imaginary. Even as Merton explored the nightmare potential of such machines, he suggested that the clear aim of social science was to build them or their functional equivalent: recording machines to access a person's experiential stream of reality, with the ability to turn this stream into real-time data. In this way, the introspectometer marks and symbolizes a broader entry during the Cold War of science-fiction-style aspirations into methodological prescriptions and procedural manuals. This essay considers the growth of the genre of methodological visions and revisions, painstakingly argued and absorbed, but punctuated by sci-fi aims to transform "the human" and build newly penetrating machines. It also considers the place of the nearly real-, and the artificial "near-substitute" as part of an experimental urge that animated these sciences. PMID:20718281

Lemov, Rebecca

2010-06-01

481

Introduction: the social sciences in a cross-disciplinary age.  

PubMed

As studies of the history of social science since 1945 have multiplied over the past decade and a half, it has not been unusual for commentators to present cross-disciplinary ventures as a byproduct of the disciplinary system and to contrast the stability of disciplines with the highs and lows of interdisciplinary relationships. In contrast, this special issue takes the view that cross-disciplinary ventures should be considered not so much as efforts to loosen up the disciplinary yoke, but as an alternative form of production and dissemination of social scientific knowledge. Paradoxically, the relationship between cross-disciplinary ventures and the disciplinary system appears as one of complementarity and not of dependence. The essays in the special issue provide examples of ways to reconsider what can be called the interdisciplinary chaos. PMID:25418709

Fontaine, Philippe

2015-01-01

482

Social Archaeological Approaches in Port and Harbour Studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This introductory article to the special issue of the Journal of Maritime Archaeology offers a comparative perspective on the theme of archaeological theory and social archaeological approaches to ports and harbours. As a specialist in Roman archaeology I was keen to explore the way in which specialists in other areas of archaeology approached the archaeology of ports and harbours and whether different approaches and perspectives may be able to add nuances to the way in which material is interpreted. The volume brings together a collection of exciting new studies which explore social themes in port and harbour studies with the intention to encourage debate and the use of new interpretative perspectives. This article examines a number of interpretative themes including those relating to architectural analyse, human behaviour, action and experience and artefact analysis. These themes help us to move towards a more theoretically informed ports and harbour archaeology which focuses on meaning as well as description. The emphasis on theory within archaeology allows us to be more ambitious in our interpretative frameworks including in Roman archaeology which has not tended to embrace the theoretical aspects of the archaeological discipline with as much enthusiasm as some other areas of archaeology.

Rogers, Adam

2013-12-01

483

System Science approach to Space Weather forecast  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are many dynamical systems in nature that are so complex that mathematical models of their behaviour can not be deduced from first principles with the present level of our knowledge. Obvious examples are organic cell, human brain, etc often attract system scientists. A example that is closer to space physics is the terrestrial magnetosphere. The system approach has been developed to understand such complex objects from the observation of their dynamics. The systems approach employs advanced data analysis methodologies to identify patterns in the overall system behaviour and provides information regarding the linear and nonlinear processes involved in the dynamics of the system. This, in combination with the knowledge deduced from the first principles, creates the opportunity to find mathematical relationships that govern the evolution of a particular physical system. Advances and problems of systems science applications to provide a reliable forecasts of space weather phenomena such as geomagnetic storms, substorms and radiation belts particle fluxes are reviewed and compared with the physics based models.

Balikhin, Michael A.

484

CAUSAL INFERENCE AND HETEROGENEITY BIAS IN SOCIAL SCIENCE*  

PubMed Central

Because of population heterogeneity, causal inference with observational data in social science may suffer from two possible sources of bias: (1) bias in unobserved pretreatment factors affecting the outcome even without treatment; and (2)bias due to heterogeneity in treatment effects. Even when we control for observed covariates, these two biases may occur if the classic ignorability assumption is untrue. In cases where the ignorability assumption is true, “composition bias” can occur if treatment propensity is systematically associated with heterogeneous treatment effects. PMID:23970824

Xie, Yu

2013-01-01

485

User Reaction to Current Contents: Behavioral, Social, and Management Sciences*  

PubMed Central

The Missouri Institute of Psychiatry Library Current Contents Service offers free dissemination of ISI's Current Contents: Behavioral, Social and Management Sciences to 144 mental health professionals employed at twelve locations in the Missouri Division of Mental Health system. The service includes free document delivery of up to 100 articles per subscription. Sixty percent of the participants in the project are sharing copies of CCBSMS with their colleagues. Operation of the service is described, and data on degree of use are analyzed by user professional orientation and hospital location. The most frequently cited journal titles are compared to lists of heavily used titles derived from other sources. These lists of titles are offered as empirical guides to frequently consulted behavioral science journals. After six months experience participants appear to be highly satisfied. Ninetytwo percent responding to an evaluative questionnaire want to continue the service another year. PMID:5582098

Matheson, Nina W.

1971-01-01

486

Early Careers of Recent U.S. Social Science PhDs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we analyse findings of the largest, most comprehensive survey of the career paths of social science PhD graduates to date, "Social Science PhDs--Five+Years Out (SS5)". "SS5" surveyed more than 3,000 graduates of U.S. PhD programmes in six social science fields six to ten years after earning their PhD. The survey collected data on…

Morrison, Emory; Rudd, Elizabeth; Nerad, Maresi

2011-01-01

487

Promoting Science Literacy through an Interdisciplinary Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognition of the value of a scientifically literate citizenry has driven American science education reform since the 1950s. We have seen some improvement in the comprehension of science facts in the past 10-20 years, but far less improvement in Americans' understanding of the nature of science. College science courses are ideal venues for…

Ross, Karen; Hooten, Mary Ann; Cohen, Glenn

2013-01-01

488

A Latent Social Approach to YouTube Popularity Prediction  

E-print Network

Current works on Information Centric Networking assume the spectrum of caching strategies under the Least Recently/ Frequently Used (LRFU) scheme as the de-facto standard, due to the ease of implementation and easier analysis of such strategies. In this paper we predict the popularity distribution of YouTube videos within a campus network. We explore two broad approaches in predicting the popularity of videos in the network: consensus approaches based on aggregate behavior in the network, and social approaches based on the information diffusion over an implicit network. We measure the performance of our approaches under a simple caching framework by picking the k most popular videos according to our predicted distribution and calculating the hit rate on the cache. We develop our approach by first incorporating video inter-arrival time (based on the power-law distribution governing the transmission time between two receivers of the same message in scale-free networks) to the baseline (LRFU), then combining wit...

Nwana, Amandianeze O; Chen, Tsuhan

2013-01-01

489

Abandoning evolution. The forgotten history of antievolution activism and the transformation of American social science.  

PubMed

From its inception, antievolution activism has been aimed not only at the natural sciences but also, and almost as often, at the social sciences. Although almost entirely overlooked by scholars, this activism played a significant part in the development of American social science in the early twentieth century. Analyzing public writings and private papers of antievolution activists, academic social scientists, and university officials from the 1920s, this essay recalls this forgotten history, showing how antievolution activism contributed to the abandonment of evolutionary theory and the adoption of a set of secular, scientific, and professional characteristics that have come to define much of modern social science. PMID:23488237

Lienesch, Michael

2012-12-01

490

A Science of Social Work, and Social Work as an Integrative Scientific Discipline: Have We Gone Too Far, or Not Far Enough?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are two purposes to this article. The first is to update the science of social work framework. The second is to use recent discussions on the nature of realist science and on social work science to propose a definition of social work as an integrative scientific discipline that complements its definition as a profession.

Brekke, John S.

2014-01-01

491

Approaches and Strategies in Next Generation Science Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Approaches and Strategies in Next Generation Science Learning" examines the challenges involved in the development of modern curriculum models, teaching strategies, and assessments in science education in order to prepare future students in the 21st century economies. This comprehensive collection of research brings together science educators,…

Khine, Myint Swe, Ed.; Saleh, Issa M., Ed.

2013-01-01

492

Understanding the Science-Learning Environment: A Genetically Sensitive Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies have shown that environmental influences on school science performance increase in importance from primary to secondary school. Here we assess for the first time the relationship between the science-learning environment and science performance using a genetically sensitive approach to investigate the aetiology of this link. 3000…

Haworth, Claire M. A.; Davis, Oliver S. P.; Hanscombe, Ken B.; Kovas, Yulia; Dale, Philip S.; Plomin, Robert

2013-01-01

493

78 FR 25309 - Advisory Committee for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences Directorate programs and activities...SBE AC--Subcommittee on the Future of the Science and Learning. Report from NSF...Strategic Plan. Agenda for Future Meeting Dates,...

2013-04-30

494

77 FR 24228 - Proposal Review Panel for Social and Economic Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...92- 463 as amended), the National Science Foundation announces the following meeting: Name: Site visit review of the Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center (NSEC) at University of California--Santa Barbara by the Division of Social and...

2012-04-23

495

Comparing Rawlsian Justice and the Capabilities Approach to Justice from a Spiritually Sensitive Social Work Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines two social justice theories, Rawlsian Justice and the Capabilities Approach of Sen and Nussbaum, in relation to congruence with four principles of spiritually sensitive social work. We find that although Rawlsian justice has valuable insights, it has some gaps for promoting spiritually sensitive practice. In contrast, the Capabilities Approach bears more promise for promoting spiritually sensitive social

Mahasweta M. Banerjee; Edward R. Canda

2012-01-01

496

Space Culture: Innovative Cultural Approaches To Public Engagement With Astronomy, Space Science And Astronautics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years a number of cultural organizations have established ongoing programs of public engagement with astronomy, space science and astronautics. Many involve elements of citizen science initiatives, artists’ residencies in scientific laboratories and agencies, art and science festivals, and social network projects as well as more traditional exhibition venues. Recognizing these programs several agencies and organizations have established mechanisms for facilitating public engagement with astronomy and space science through cultural activities. The International Astronautics Federation has established an Technical Activities Committee for the Cultural Utilization of Space. Over the past year the NSF and NEA have organized disciplinary workshops to develop recommendations relating to art-science interaction and community building efforts. Rationales for encouraging public engagement via cultural projects range from theory of creativity, innovation and invention to cultural appropriation in the context of `socially robust science’ as advocated by Helga Nowotny of the European Research Council. Public engagement with science, as opposed to science education and outreach initiatives, require different approaches. Just as organizations have employed education professionals to lead education activities, so they must employ cultural professionals if they wish to develop public engagement projects via arts and culture. One outcome of the NSF and NEA workshops has been development of a rationale for converting STEM to STEAM by including the arts in STEM methodologies, particularly for K-12 where students can access science via arts and cultural contexts. Often these require new kinds of informal education approaches that exploit locative media, gaming platforms, artists projects and citizen science. Incorporating astronomy and space science content in art and cultural projects requires new skills in `cultural translation’ and `trans-mediation’ and new kinds of metrics for impact. Astronomy because of its strong networks of amateur scientists is in a good position to develop innovative public engagement via the arts and culture.

Malina, Roger F.

2012-01-01

497

Earth Matters: Promoting Science Exploration through Blogs and Social Media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA's Earth Observatory (EO) is a 13-year old online publication focusing on the communication of NASA Earth science research, including climate change, weather, geology, oceanography, and solar flares. We serve two primary audiences: the "attentive public"--people interested in and willing to seek out information about science, technology, and the environment--and popular media. We use the EO website (earthobservatory.nasa.gov) to host a variety of content including image-driven stories (natural events and research-based), articles featuring NASA research and, more recently, blogs that give us the ability to increase interaction with our users. For much of our site's history, our communication has been largely one way, and we have relied primarily on traditional online marketing techniques such as RSS and email listservs. As the information ecosystem evolves into one in which many users expect to play a more active role in distributing and even developing content through social media, we've experimented with various social media outlets (blogs, Twitter, Facebook, Google+, etc.) that offer new opportunities for people to interact with NASA data, scientists, and the EO editorial team. As part of our explorations, we are learning about how, and to what extent, these outlets can be used for interaction and outright promotion and how to achieve those goals with existing personnel and resources.

Ward, K.; Voiland, A. P.; Carlowicz, M. J.; Simmon, R. B.; Allen, J.; Scott, M.; Przyborski, P. D.

2012-12-01

498

The Nature of Science and Perceptual Frameworks: Emphasizing a More Balanced Approach to Science Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's climate of content standards and high-stakes testing, science teachers are under more pressure than ever to focus on the "ready-made" knowledge of science content. Yet, science educators have long advocated a more balanced approach to science instruction, including emphasis on the processes by which scientific knowledge is produced, as…

Michaels, Erica; Bell, Randy L.

2003-01-01

499

Mobile apps for the greater good: a socially relevant approach to software engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Socially relevant computing has recently been proposed as a way to reinvigorate interest in computer science. By appealing to students' interest in helping others, socially relevant computing aims to give students life-changing experiential learning not typically achieved in the classroom, while providing software that benefits society at large. For the last two years, the Wake Forest University Computer Science Department

Victor Paul Pauca; Richard T. Guy

2012-01-01

500

Schools of California Online Resources for Education: History-Social Science One Stop Shopping for California's Social Studies Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the resources available for social studies teachers from the Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): History Social Science World Wide Web site. Includes curriculum-aligned resources and lessons; standards and assessment information; interactive projects and field trips; teacher chat area; professional development…

Hill, Margaret; Benoit, Robert

1998-01-01