Sample records for social security administration

  1. SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Application for a Social Security Card

    E-print Network

    Li, Mo

    /ethnic background. We use this information for statistical reports on how Social Security programs affect people. We Security number before), you must show us proof of : AGE, IDENTITY, and U.S. CITIZENSHIP or LAWFUL ALIENSOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Application for a Social Security Card Applying for a Social

  2. Social Security Administration

    MedlinePLUS

    ... SSA or any of its employees of the information or products presented on the non-SSA website. Also, such websites are not within our control and may not follow the same privacy, security or accessibility policies. Once you visit such a ...

  3. Social Security Administration 80 Daniel Street

    E-print Network

    Social Security Administration 80 Daniel Street Portsmouth, NH 03820 To Whom It May Concern the Social Security number application is being processed. Employers may wish to reference SSA's fact sheet-1288 Email: oiss@unh.edu Fax: (603) 862-0844 #12;

  4. 20 CFR 221.3 - Social Security Administration jurisdiction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    The Board transfers jurisdiction (railroad service and compensation credits earned by the employee which the Social Security Administration considers in determining benefits payable) to the Social Security Administration when— (a) Life and death...

  5. 20 CFR 221.3 - Social Security Administration jurisdiction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    The Board transfers jurisdiction (railroad service and compensation credits earned by the employee which the Social Security Administration considers in determining benefits payable) to the Social Security Administration when— (a) Life and death...

  6. 20 CFR 423.1 - Suits against the Social Security Administration and its employees in their official capacities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...against the Social Security Administration and its employees in their...Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SERVICE OF PROCESS § 423...against the Social Security Administration and its employees in...

  7. 20 CFR 423.1 - Suits against the Social Security Administration and its employees in their official capacities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...against the Social Security Administration and its employees in their...Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SERVICE OF PROCESS § 423...against the Social Security Administration and its employees in...

  8. 20 CFR 423.1 - Suits against the Social Security Administration and its employees in their official capacities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...against the Social Security Administration and its employees in their...Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SERVICE OF PROCESS § 423...against the Social Security Administration and its employees in...

  9. 20 CFR 423.1 - Suits against the Social Security Administration and its employees in their official capacities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...against the Social Security Administration and its employees in their...Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SERVICE OF PROCESS § 423...against the Social Security Administration and its employees in...

  10. 20 CFR 423.3 - Other process directed to the Social Security Administration or the Commissioner.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...process directed to the Social Security Administration or the Commissioner. 423.3 ...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SERVICE OF PROCESS § 423.3...process directed to the Social Security Administration or the Commissioner....

  11. 20 CFR 423.3 - Other process directed to the Social Security Administration or the Commissioner.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...process directed to the Social Security Administration or the Commissioner. 423.3 ...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SERVICE OF PROCESS § 423.3...process directed to the Social Security Administration or the Commissioner....

  12. 20 CFR 423.3 - Other process directed to the Social Security Administration or the Commissioner.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...process directed to the Social Security Administration or the Commissioner. 423.3 ...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SERVICE OF PROCESS § 423.3...process directed to the Social Security Administration or the Commissioner....

  13. SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION in BOCA RATON Office Address

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION in BOCA RATON Office Address: Suite 400, 621 NW 53rd street, Boca. Destination will be on the right. Directions from Our Office by Public Transportation: 1. Walk to Nw 20th St

  14. Social Security Online: The Official Web Site of the Social Security Administration

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Social Security Online: The Official Web Site of the Social Security Administration provides information on the agency's history, goals, budget, services, laws and regulations, as well as statistical data and research. The site provides consumers with information about retirement and disability benefits, forms, answers to frequently asked questions, and instructions and directories that will help those interested in contacting the agency. Employers will find information on wage reporting, tax guides, and employee handouts. Consumers who have a web browser that supports Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) can file an electronic request for Personal Earnings and Benefit Estimate statement; however, as reported in the May 23, 1997 Scout Report, for security reasons the SSA no longer sends the statement online.

  15. 20 CFR 404.455 - Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and estimated earnings; effect...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...false Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and estimated...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND...455 Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and...

  16. 20 CFR 404.455 - Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and estimated earnings; effect...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...false Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and estimated...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND...455 Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and...

  17. 20 CFR 404.455 - Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and estimated earnings; effect...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...false Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and estimated...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND...455 Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and...

  18. 20 CFR 404.455 - Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and estimated earnings; effect...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...false Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and estimated...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND...455 Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and...

  19. 20 CFR 404.455 - Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and estimated earnings; effect...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...false Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and estimated...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND...455 Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and...

  20. 20 CFR 423.3 - Other process directed to the Social Security Administration or the Commissioner.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    Subpoenas and other process (other than summonses and complaints) that are required to be served on the Social Security Administration or the Commissioner of Social Security in his or her official capacity should be served as...

  1. 20 CFR 423.3 - Other process directed to the Social Security Administration or the Commissioner.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    Subpoenas and other process (other than summonses and complaints) that are required to be served on the Social Security Administration or the Commissioner of Social Security in his or her official capacity should be served as...

  2. 20 CFR 422.501 - Applications and other forms used in Social Security Administration programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    20 ? Employees' Benefits ? 2 ? 2012-04-01 ? 2012-04-01 ? false ? Applications and other forms used in Social Security Administration programs. ? 422.501 ? Section 422.501 ? Employees' Benefits ? SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ? ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES ? Applications and Related Forms ?...

  3. 20 CFR 422.501 - Applications and other forms used in Social Security Administration programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    20 ? Employees' Benefits ? 2 ? 2014-04-01 ? 2014-04-01 ? false ? Applications and other forms used in Social Security Administration programs. ? 422.501 ? Section 422.501 ? Employees' Benefits ? SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ? ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES ? Applications and Related Forms ?...

  4. 20 CFR 422.501 - Applications and other forms used in Social Security Administration programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    20 ? Employees' Benefits ? 2 ? 2013-04-01 ? 2013-04-01 ? false ? Applications and other forms used in Social Security Administration programs. ? 422.501 ? Section 422.501 ? Employees' Benefits ? SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ? ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES ? Applications and Related Forms ?...

  5. 20 CFR 423.5 - Process against Social Security Administration officials in their individual capacities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    Process to be served on Social Security Administration officials in their individual capacities must be served in compliance with the requirements for service of process on individuals who are not governmental...

  6. 20 CFR 423.5 - Process against Social Security Administration officials in their individual capacities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    Process to be served on Social Security Administration officials in their individual capacities must be served in compliance with the requirements for service of process on individuals who are not governmental...

  7. 20 CFR 404.1362 - Treatment of social security benefits or payments where Veterans Administration pension or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...benefits or payments where Veterans Administration pension or compensation payable...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND...benefits or payments where Veterans Administration pension or compensation...

  8. 20 CFR 404.1362 - Treatment of social security benefits or payments where Veterans Administration pension or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...benefits or payments where Veterans Administration pension or compensation payable...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND...benefits or payments where Veterans Administration pension or compensation...

  9. Collaboration in electronic medical evidence development: A case study of the Social Security Administration's MEGAHIT System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sue S. Feldman; Thomas A. Horan

    2011-01-01

    BackgroundIn January 2009, the Social Security Administration (SSA) began a collaboration with MedVirginia to send authorized requests for and receipts of patient health information using the Medical Evidence Gathering and Analysis through Health IT (MEGAHIT) application. This request and receipt used the Nationwide Health Information Network (NwHIN) for secure and interoperable Health IT standards-based transport of patient information.

  10. 20 CFR 410.686b - Fee for services performed for an individual before the Social Security Administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, TITLE IV-BLACK LUNG BENEFITS (1969- ) Determinations of Disability, Other Determinations, Administrative Review, Finality of Decisions,...

  11. 20 CFR 423.1 - Suits against the Social Security Administration and its employees in their official capacities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    20 ? Employees' Benefits ? 2 ? 2013-04-01 ? 2013-04-01 ? false ? Suits against the Social Security Administration and its employees in their official capacities. ? 423.1 ? Section 423.1 ? Employees' Benefits ? SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ? SERVICE OF PROCESS ? § 423.1 ? Suits against the...

  12. Individual social security accounts: issues in assessing administrative feasibility and costs.

    PubMed

    Olsen, K A; Salisbury, D L

    1998-11-01

    Whether to add individual accounts (IAs) to the Social Security system is a highly political issue. But almost lost in the debate so far have been any practical considerations about how to administer such accounts. Any discussion of whether to create individual accounts must also address the basic but critical questions of how they would work: Who would run them? What would they cost? Logistically, are they even possible? This EBRI Issue Brief provides an overview of the most salient administrative issues facing the current Social Security reform debate--issues that challenge proponents to carefully think through how their proposals could be implemented so as to achieve their policy goals. The options and difficulties in administering IAs raise concerns that cut across ideology. The object of this report is neither to dissuade the advocates nor support the critics of individual accounts. Rather, it is to bring practical considerations to a political debate that has largely ignored the pragmatic challenges of whether IAs would be too complex for participants to understand or too difficult for record keepers to administer. The major findings in this analysis include: Adding individual accounts to Social Security could be the largest undertaking in the history of the U.S. financial market, and no system to date has the capacity to administer such a system. The number of workers currently covered by Social Security--the largest single entitlement program in the nation--is at least four times higher than the combined number of all tax-favored employment-based retirement accounts in the United States, which are administered by hundreds of entities. Direct comparisons between employment-based retirement savings plans and Social Security reform are tenuous at best. Social Security covers workers and businesses that are disproportionately excluded from employment-based plans. Because of these differences, a system of individual Social Security accounts would be more difficult to administer than employment-based plans, and total administrative expenses would be larger relative to benefits. Credit-based systems such as the current Social Security program are less difficult to administer than cash-based systems, which must account for every dollar. Inherent in the "privatization" debate is generally the presumption that IA benefits would be based on cash contributions and investment returns. The current credit-based system tolerates small errors in wage reporting, because they rarely affect benefits. But every dollar counts in a cash-based IA system. To ensure that benefits are properly provided, an IA system would require more regulation, oversight, and error reconciliation than the current Social Security program. Social Security individual accounts cannot be administered like 401(k) plans without adding significant employer burdens--especially on small businesses. Under the current wage reporting and tax collection process, it would take at least 7-19 months for every dollar contributed to an individual's account to be sorted out from aggregate payments and credited to his or her IA. This 7-19 month "float period" could result in substantial benefit losses over time. Options for preventing such losses involve difficult trade-offs, such as increased government responsibility, increased complexity, greater employer burdens, and/or investment restrictions for beneficiaries. If legally considered personal property, the IAs of married participants could pose significant administrative challenges. Social Security today must obtain proof of marriage only at the time spousal benefits are claimed. But some IA proposals would require contributions to be split between spouses' individual accounts, requiring records on participants' marital status to be continuously update to ensure that contributions are correctly directed. Also, dealing with claims on individual account contributions in divorce cases could place IA record keepers in the middle o PMID:10345790

  13. Lighting recommendations for the Social Security Administration Frank Hagel Federal Building in Richmond CA

    SciTech Connect

    Rubinstein, Francis M.

    1999-10-25

    Specific recommendations are made to improve the lighting quality and energy efficiency of the lighting system at the Social Security Administration Frank Hagel Building in Richmond, CA. The main recommendation is to replace the recessed fluorescent lighting system in the general office area with indirect lighting. Indirect lighting will improve lighting quality, will provide an energy efficient solution and will be about the same cost as the direct lighting system originally proposed.

  14. Social security administration in India study of provident funds and pension scheme

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Madhava P Rao

    2005-01-01

    Social Security is becoming a distinct part of social policy of India and the time has come to give a serious thought to ever increasing Social Security needs of the population. There are diversified views on extension of Social Security coverage. Some say it should be limited to only working population and to their families and while others say that

  15. SECURITY FOR SOCIAL SECURITY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert L. Brown

    ABSTRACT With the election of George W. Bush, the debate around privatization of Social Security inthe United States is sure to be rekindled. The Republicans seem to favor separating a part of OASDI and moving ,that portion of the ,scheme ,into Individual Retirement Accounts. President Clinton had proposed ,creating larger social security funds and investing a portion of them in

  16. 20 CFR 422.501 - Applications and other forms used in Social Security Administration programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01...2010-04-01 false Applications and other forms used in Social...501 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY...AND PROCEDURES Applications and Related Forms § 422.501...

  17. 2 CFR 2339.500 - Who in the Social Security Administration determines that a recipient other than an individual...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    2 ? Grants and Agreements ? 1 ? 2013-01-01 ? 2013-01-01 ? false ? Who in the Social Security Administration determines that a recipient other than an individual violated the requirements of this part? ? 2339.500 ? Section 2339.500 ? Grants and Agreements ? Federal Agency Regulations for Grants...

  18. 2 CFR 2339.500 - Who in the Social Security Administration determines that a recipient other than an individual...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    2 ? Grants and Agreements ? 1 ? 2011-01-01 ? 2011-01-01 ? false ? Who in the Social Security Administration determines that a recipient other than an individual violated the requirements of this part? ? 2339.500 ? Section 2339.500 ? Grants and Agreements ? Federal Agency Regulations for Grants...

  19. The Effect of the Social Security Earnings Test on Male Labor Supply: New Evidence from Survey and Administrative Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haider, Steven J.; Loughran, David S.

    2008-01-01

    Despite numerous empirical studies, there is surprisingly little agreement about whether the Social Security earnings test affects male labor supply. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive analysis of the labor supply effects of the earnings test using longitudinal administrative earnings data and more commonly used survey data. We find that…

  20. 20 CFR 217.7 - Claim filed with the Social Security Administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    An application for life benefits under title II of the Social Security Act is an application for an annuity if the conditions either in paragraphs (a)(1), (2), and (3) or in paragraph (a)(4) of this section are...

  1. Transportation Security Administration

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Highlights Press Releases Statement by Secretary Jeh C. Johnson on the Confirmation of Peter Neffenger to be TSA Administrator Statement by Secretary Jeh C. Johnson on the Transportation Security Administration Statement By Secretary ...

  2. Toward Usable Security Administration

    E-print Network

    Toward Usable Security Administration Konstantin Beznosov The University of British Columbia #12 #12;Enterprise-scale security server #12;Everything starts with simple directory tree like structure to catch vulnerabilities · Hard to test ­ Expensive to test required scenarios ­ No "what if" scenarios

  3. Statistical security for Social Security.

    PubMed

    Soneji, Samir; King, Gary

    2012-08-01

    The financial viability of Social Security, the single largest U.S. government program, depends on accurate forecasts of the solvency of its intergenerational trust fund. We begin by detailing information necessary for replicating the Social Security Administration's (SSA's) forecasting procedures, which until now has been unavailable in the public domain. We then offer a way to improve the quality of these procedures via age- and sex-specific mortality forecasts. The most recent SSA mortality forecasts were based on the best available technology at the time, which was a combination of linear extrapolation and qualitative judgments. Unfortunately, linear extrapolation excludes known risk factors and is inconsistent with long-standing demographic patterns, such as the smoothness of age profiles. Modern statistical methods typically outperform even the best qualitative judgments in these contexts. We show how to use such methods, enabling researchers to forecast using far more information, such as the known risk factors of smoking and obesity and known demographic patterns. Including this extra information makes a substantial difference. For example, by improving only mortality forecasting methods, we predict three fewer years of net surplus, $730 billion less in Social Security Trust Funds, and program costs that are 0.66% greater for projected taxable payroll by 2031 compared with SSA projections. More important than specific numerical estimates are the advantages of transparency, replicability, reduction of uncertainty, and what may be the resulting lower vulnerability to the politicization of program forecasts. In addition, by offering with this article software and detailed replication information, we hope to marshal the efforts of the research community to include ever more informative inputs and to continue to reduce uncertainties in Social Security forecasts. PMID:22592944

  4. Social Security Death Index (SSDI)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1998-01-01

    The Social Security Death Index (SSDI), provided by Infobases, Inc., is a searchable database of the Death Master File (DMF) from the Social Security Administration (SSA). DMF "contains over 50 million records created from SSA payment records." The database can contain name, social security number, date of birth, date of death, and last residence/lump sum payment information when available, and can be searched on those criteria. Search help is available from the home page. Note that this is not an index of everyone who has died in the United States, but rather an index of people who had Social Security Benefits when they died.

  5. Mortality Measurement at Advanced Ages: A Study of the Social Security Administration Death Master File

    PubMed Central

    Gavrilov, Leonid A.; Gavrilova, Natalia S.

    2011-01-01

    Accurate estimates of mortality at advanced ages are essential to improving forecasts of mortality and the population size of the oldest old age group. However, estimation of hazard rates at extremely old ages poses serious challenges to researchers: (1) The observed mortality deceleration may be at least partially an artifact of mixing different birth cohorts with different mortality (heterogeneity effect); (2) standard assumptions of hazard rate estimates may be invalid when risk of death is extremely high at old ages and (3) ages of very old people may be exaggerated. One way of obtaining estimates of mortality at extreme ages is to pool together international records of persons surviving to extreme ages with subsequent efforts of strict age validation. This approach helps researchers to resolve the third of the above-mentioned problems but does not resolve the first two problems because of inevitable data heterogeneity when data for people belonging to different birth cohorts and countries are pooled together. In this paper we propose an alternative approach, which gives an opportunity to resolve the first two problems by compiling data for more homogeneous single-year birth cohorts with hazard rates measured at narrow (monthly) age intervals. Possible ways of resolving the third problem of hazard rate estimation are elaborated. This approach is based on data from the Social Security Administration Death Master File (DMF). Some birth cohorts covered by DMF could be studied by the method of extinct generations. Availability of month of birth and month of death information provides a unique opportunity to obtain hazard rate estimates for every month of age. Study of several single-year extinct birth cohorts shows that mortality trajectory at advanced ages follows the Gompertz law up to the ages 102–105 years without a noticeable deceleration. Earlier reports of mortality deceleration (deviation of mortality from the Gompertz law) at ages below 100 appear to be artifacts of mixing together several birth cohorts with different mortality levels and using cross-sectional instead of cohort data. Age exaggeration and crude assumptions applied to mortality estimates at advanced ages may also contribute to mortality underestimation at very advanced ages. PMID:22308064

  6. Mortality Measurement at Advanced Ages: A Study of the Social Security Administration Death Master File.

    PubMed

    Gavrilov, Leonid A; Gavrilova, Natalia S

    2011-01-01

    Accurate estimates of mortality at advanced ages are essential to improving forecasts of mortality and the population size of the oldest old age group. However, estimation of hazard rates at extremely old ages poses serious challenges to researchers: (1) The observed mortality deceleration may be at least partially an artifact of mixing different birth cohorts with different mortality (heterogeneity effect); (2) standard assumptions of hazard rate estimates may be invalid when risk of death is extremely high at old ages and (3) ages of very old people may be exaggerated. One way of obtaining estimates of mortality at extreme ages is to pool together international records of persons surviving to extreme ages with subsequent efforts of strict age validation. This approach helps researchers to resolve the third of the above-mentioned problems but does not resolve the first two problems because of inevitable data heterogeneity when data for people belonging to different birth cohorts and countries are pooled together. In this paper we propose an alternative approach, which gives an opportunity to resolve the first two problems by compiling data for more homogeneous single-year birth cohorts with hazard rates measured at narrow (monthly) age intervals. Possible ways of resolving the third problem of hazard rate estimation are elaborated. This approach is based on data from the Social Security Administration Death Master File (DMF). Some birth cohorts covered by DMF could be studied by the method of extinct generations. Availability of month of birth and month of death information provides a unique opportunity to obtain hazard rate estimates for every month of age. Study of several single-year extinct birth cohorts shows that mortality trajectory at advanced ages follows the Gompertz law up to the ages 102-105 years without a noticeable deceleration. Earlier reports of mortality deceleration (deviation of mortality from the Gompertz law) at ages below 100 appear to be artifacts of mixing together several birth cohorts with different mortality levels and using cross-sectional instead of cohort data. Age exaggeration and crude assumptions applied to mortality estimates at advanced ages may also contribute to mortality underestimation at very advanced ages. PMID:22308064

  7. Saving Social Security

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    de Nie, Michael Willem.

    1999-01-01

    The resources discussed in this week's In The News address saving Social Security. Perhaps the most successful and certainly the most popular of the New Deal social welfare programs, Social Security has made a critical difference in the living standards of many older Americans, especially women. However, the program faces difficulty in the years ahead because of the shifting demographic of the American population. An aging population means that, by about the year 2012, more money will be drawn for benefits than is received from payroll taxes, and by 2032, the system's trust fund will be empty. In his State of the Union address, the President signalled a new commitment by his administration to shore up Social Security, primarily by diverting 62 percent of the current and projected future budget surpluses. While some analysts and politicians are wary of the details, particularly the President's idea to invest a portion of this money in the stock market, on the whole, he has received substantial bipartisan support.

  8. Social Networking? Secure Networking?

    E-print Network

    Chapman, Michael S.

    Social Networking? Secure Networking? Teaching & Learning Technology Roundtable February 2010 #12 ­ The intent behind the current security measures in place at OHSU ­ The OHSU Social Networking Guidelines 2. To begin a campus wide dialogue exploring the changing world of online social networking and it

  9. 2 CFR 2339.225 - Who in the Social Security Administration does a recipient other than an individual notify about...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    A recipient other than an individual that is required under 2 CFR 182.225(a) to notify Federal agencies about an employee's conviction for a criminal drug offense must notify the Commissioner of Social Security or...

  10. 2 CFR 2339.225 - Who in the Social Security Administration does a recipient other than an individual notify about...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    A recipient other than an individual that is required under 2 CFR 182.225(a) to notify Federal agencies about an employee's conviction for a criminal drug offense must notify the Commissioner of Social Security or...

  11. 20 CFR 235.4 - How the Board pays social security benefits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    (a) When an individual described in § 235.3 of this part is determined by the Social Security Administration to be entitled to social security benefits, the Social Security Administration certifies such benefits to the Board for payment by the...

  12. 20 CFR 235.4 - How the Board pays social security benefits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    (a) When an individual described in § 235.3 of this part is determined by the Social Security Administration to be entitled to social security benefits, the Social Security Administration certifies such benefits to the Board for payment by the...

  13. 75 FR 31273 - Social Security Administration Implementation of OMB Guidance for Drug-Free Workplace Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-03

    ...Implementation of OMB Guidance for Drug-Free Workplace Requirements AGENCY: Social...Federal regulations concerning drug-free workplace requirements for recipients...our policy or procedures for a drug-free workplace. DATES: This direct to...

  14. 20 CFR 410.706 - Effect of the Social Security Administration determination of entitlement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, TITLE IV-BLACK LUNG BENEFITS (1969- ) Rules for the Review of Denied and Pending Claims Under the Black Lung Benefits Reform Act (BLBRA) of 1977 § 410.706 Effect of the...

  15. 76 FR 68243 - Social Security Rulings, SSR 91-1c and SSR 66-18c; Rescission of Social Security Rulings (SSR) 66...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-03

    ...Office of Income Security Programs, Social Security Administration, 6401 Security Boulevard, Baltimore, MD 21235-6401...TTY 1-(800) 325-0778, or visit our Internet site, Social Security Online, at...

  16. Indiana Farm Security Administration Photographs

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    During the 1930s, the Farm Security Administration (FSA) worked to transform and document the lives of farmers across the United States who were affected by the Great Depression. During the 10 years of its existence, the Indiana office of the FSA worked to document economic and social conditions in Indiana, including rural resettlement and rehabilitation programs and planned communities. Visitors can explore the work of the nine photographers assigned to the project here captured in over 670 photos. It's worth noting that users can browse by county, photographer, or by keyword search. Additionally, the site contains a study guide for teachers and students who wish to learn more about the historical and cultural context of these rather unique items.

  17. Social Security and you Are we there yet?

    E-print Network

    Nishiguchi, Michele

    Social Security Administration, "Fast Facts & Figures About Social Security," 2012 #12;4 The Longevity Reality Life Expectancy at Age 65 Source: American Society of Actuaries; data based on non-smoking

  18. 20 CFR 422.120 - Earnings reported without a social security number or with an incorrect employee name or social...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...name or social security number. 422.120 Section 422.120 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES General Procedures § 422.120 Earnings reported without a social security number...

  19. 78 FR 12129 - Rescission of Social Security Acquiescence Rulings 92-2(6)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-21

    ...notice of the rescission of Social Security AR 92-2(6...of Disability Programs, Social Security Administration...Appeals that we determine conflicts with our interpretation of a provision of the Social Security Act (the...

  20. 20 CFR 404.408b - Reduction of retroactive monthly social security benefits where supplemental security income (SSI...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...retroactive monthly social security benefits where supplemental security income... Section 404.408b Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...

  1. 20 CFR 404.408b - Reduction of retroactive monthly social security benefits where supplemental security income (SSI...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    20 Employees' Benefits 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...retroactive monthly social security benefits where supplemental security income... Section 404.408b Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...

  2. 41 CFR 105-64.105 - When may Social Security Numbers (SSNs) be collected?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... When may Social Security Numbers (SSNs) be...Continued) GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION Regional Offices-General Services Administration 64-GSA PRIVACY ACT RULES 64... When may Social Security Numbers (SSNs)...

  3. 41 CFR 105-64.105 - When may Social Security Numbers (SSNs) be collected?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... When may Social Security Numbers (SSNs) be...Continued) GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION Regional Offices-General Services Administration 64-GSA PRIVACY ACT RULES 64... When may Social Security Numbers (SSNs)...

  4. 41 CFR 105-64.105 - When may Social Security Numbers (SSNs) be collected?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... When may Social Security Numbers (SSNs) be...Continued) GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION Regional Offices-General Services Administration 64-GSA PRIVACY ACT RULES 64... When may Social Security Numbers (SSNs)...

  5. 41 CFR 105-64.105 - When may Social Security Numbers (SSNs) be collected?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... When may Social Security Numbers (SSNs) be...Continued) GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION Regional Offices-General Services Administration 64-GSA PRIVACY ACT RULES 64... When may Social Security Numbers (SSNs)...

  6. 41 CFR 105-64.105 - When may Social Security Numbers (SSNs) be collected?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... When may Social Security Numbers (SSNs) be...Continued) GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION Regional Offices-General Services Administration 64-GSA PRIVACY ACT RULES 64... When may Social Security Numbers (SSNs)...

  7. Grandpa's Social Security

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This simple example shows how algebra can be useful in the real world by exploring the question: Should Grandpa start receiving his Social Security benefits at age 62 or should he wait until age 65? This resource is from PUMAS - Practical Uses of Math and Science - a collection of brief examples created by scientists and engineers showing how math and science topics taught in K-12 classes have real world applications.

  8. TEMPTATION AND SOCIAL SECURITY DISTORTION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ALESSANDRO BUCCIOL

    I consider the saving and investment decisions of A merican and Italian consumers in a life- cycle model with temptation preferences. Comparing the choices with and without Social Secu- rity protection, I show that savings are postponed, less wealth is accumulated, and the portfolio share held in equities at retirement is larger with Social Security. Social Security distorts the decisions

  9. 20 CFR 404.1362 - Treatment of social security benefits or payments where Veterans Administration pension or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...payments where Veterans Administration pension or compensation payable. 404.1362...payments where Veterans Administration pension or compensation payable. (a) Before...from the Veterans Administration that a pension or compensation is payable to you,...

  10. 20 CFR 404.1362 - Treatment of social security benefits or payments where Veterans Administration pension or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...payments where Veterans Administration pension or compensation payable. 404.1362...payments where Veterans Administration pension or compensation payable. (a) Before...from the Veterans Administration that a pension or compensation is payable to you,...

  11. 20 CFR 404.1362 - Treatment of social security benefits or payments where Veterans Administration pension or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...payments where Veterans Administration pension or compensation payable. 404.1362...payments where Veterans Administration pension or compensation payable. (a) Before...from the Veterans Administration that a pension or compensation is payable to you,...

  12. Comparing Social Security reform options.

    PubMed

    Copeland, Craig

    2005-05-01

    Social Security is widely recognized as the nation's most effective anti-poverty program for the elderly and widow(er)s. It is so popular that it has often been dubbed the "third rail" of American politics ("touch it and you die"). As a result, changes have come slowly. For instance, in spite of years of warning in advance of the cash flow crisis of 1983, Congress waited until the last minute to act--and when it did, the action it took included a combination of tax increases and benefit reductions. By the mid-1990s, then-President Clinton was talking about the long-term financing issues faced by Social Security, but Congress did not act. President Bush has raised the same issues since 2000, and has now taken to the road to convince the nation that action should be taken now to assure the program's long-term solvency. Because Social Security is a sensitive, complicated, and emotional political topic, many concepts have been discussed but few elected officials have been willing to put forth detailed plans for fear of political backlash. The public, quite naturally, wants to know how they will be affected by "reform." In this introductory section, Figure S-1 seeks to provide a simple response to that question by following the method used in the Trustees' report, where earners maintain a constant percentage of the average wage. Take the year closest to when you were born, the earnings closest to your expected earnings this year (2005), and follow across the columns to see how much your annual benefit would be in today's dollars if you start taking benefits at age 65. For an example of a specific individual: Your 30-year-old child (born in 1975) makes a 2005 salary around $16,500. Under current law, your child's initial annual Social Security retirement benefit would be dollar 11,200 in today's dollars. However, given the projected funding shortfall currently facing the program, this promised benefit is not likely to materialize unless some sort of change is made to the program. This analysis compares "Model 2" from the President's 2001 Commission to Strengthen Social Security (which appears to have the principles for an individual account plan favored by the Bush administration) with three basic options: Current-law benefits with taxes raised to cover the shortfall over the 75-year actuarial period, by removing the existing dollar 90,000 annual wage cap and including all workers. Maintain current benefits until the revenue shortfall occurs, when a "cliff" benefit cut is imposed. A gradual reduction in current-law benefits. PMID:15898449

  13. 78 FR 17744 - Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-2p; Titles II and XVI: Evaluating Cases Involving Drug Addiction...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-22

    ...Docket No. SSA-2012-0006] Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-2p; Titles II and XVI: Evaluating Cases Involving Drug Addiction and Alcoholism (DAA); Correction AGENCY: Social Security Administration. ACTION: Notice of Social Security...

  14. Statistical Security for Social Security Samir Soneji & Gary King

    E-print Network

    Chen, Yiling

    . Keywords Forecasting . Mortality. Obesity. Smoking . Social Security Introduction Social Security, formallyStatistical Security for Social Security Samir Soneji & Gary King # Population Association of America 2012 Abstract The financial viability of Social Security, the single largest U.S. govern- ment

  15. Social Security: Privatization and Progressivity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laurence J. Kotlikoff; Kent A. Smetters; Jan Walliser

    1998-01-01

    This paper uses a large-scale overlapping generations model that features intragenerational heterogeneity to show that privatizing the U.S. Social Security System could be done on a progressive basis. We start with a close replica of the current system; specifically, we include Social Security's progressive linkages between taxes paid and benefits received. The paper compares achieving progressivity as part of privatization

  16. POLICY ELITES AND SOCIAL SECURITY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    FAY LOMAX COOK; JASON BARABAS; BENJAMIN I. PAGE

    Do policy elites invoke public opinion? When they do, are their claims based on evidence from public opinion surveys? To learn about the claims that policy elites make, we examined statements the president and members of Congress, experts, and interest group leaders in congressional hearings made about Social Security. To learn about opinion data on Social Security, we conducted a

  17. Regulatory Problems in Privatizing Social Security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Howell E. Jackson

    This working paper, which will appear as a chapter of Framing the Social Security Debate (forthcoming Fall 1998) (Brookings Institution Press), discusses two regulatory problems associated with the privatization of social security: first, the risk that political interference with social security investments in equity securities will disrupt private capital markets and reduce returns on social security assets, and, second, risks

  18. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ADMINISTRATION

    E-print Network

    Jeanjean, Louis

    of Undergraduate studies. Objectives : Our MA Human Resource Management (HRM) is a professionally recognised : 6 months -HRM : 24 h -HRM methodology : 25 h -Social relations : 23 h -Work placement : 4 months

  19. How Effective is Redistribution Under the Social Security Benefit Formula?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan L. Gustman; Thomas L. Steinmeier

    2000-01-01

    This paper uses earnings histories obtained from the Social Security Administration and linked to the survey responses for participants in the Health and Retirement Study to investigate redistribution under the current social security benefit formula. We find that as advertised, at the level of the individual respondent, the benefit formula is progressive. When individuals are arrayed by indexed lifetime earnings,

  20. 38 CFR 1.521 - Special restrictions concerning social security records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    Any request from outside the Department of Veterans Affairs for other social security information will be referred to the Social Security Administration for such action as they deem proper. [27 FR 9599, Sept. 28,...

  1. 38 CFR 1.521 - Special restrictions concerning social security records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    Any request from outside the Department of Veterans Affairs for other social security information will be referred to the Social Security Administration for such action as they deem proper. [27 FR 9599, Sept. 28,...

  2. 38 CFR 1.521 - Special restrictions concerning social security records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    Any request from outside the Department of Veterans Affairs for other social security information will be referred to the Social Security Administration for such action as they deem proper. [27 FR 9599, Sept. 28,...

  3. 38 CFR 1.521 - Special restrictions concerning social security records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    Any request from outside the Department of Veterans Affairs for other social security information will be referred to the Social Security Administration for such action as they deem proper. [27 FR 9599, Sept. 28,...

  4. 20 CFR 404.611 - How do I file an application for Social Security benefits?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 404.611 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...INSURANCE (1950- ) Filing of Applications and Other Forms Applications § 404.611 How do I...application for Social Security benefits? (a) General...

  5. 13 CFR 102.35 - Use and collection of Social Security Numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...collection of Social Security Numbers...Section 102.35 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION...collection of Social Security Numbers...functionality of the system is dependant...authorized to collect information must be...

  6. 13 CFR 102.35 - Use and collection of Social Security Numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...collection of Social Security Numbers...Section 102.35 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION...collection of Social Security Numbers...functionality of the system is dependant...authorized to collect information must be...

  7. 13 CFR 102.35 - Use and collection of Social Security Numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...collection of Social Security Numbers...Section 102.35 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION...collection of Social Security Numbers...functionality of the system is dependant...authorized to collect information must be...

  8. 13 CFR 102.35 - Use and collection of Social Security Numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...collection of Social Security Numbers...Section 102.35 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION...collection of Social Security Numbers...functionality of the system is dependant...authorized to collect information must be...

  9. 13 CFR 102.35 - Use and collection of Social Security Numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...collection of Social Security Numbers...Section 102.35 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION...collection of Social Security Numbers...functionality of the system is dependant...authorized to collect information must be...

  10. Markovian Social Security in Unequal Societies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zheng Song; Kaiji Chen

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we develop a dynamic politico-economic theory of social security to address two questions. First, how is social security sustained? Second, how does inequality affect the size of social security, and can the theoretical predictions be consistent with the observed puzzling relationships between inequality and the size of social security? As a stark framework, our model economy features

  11. Markovian Social Security in Unequal Societies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kaiji Cheny

    In this paper, we develop a dynamic politico-economic theory of social security to address two questions. First, how is social security sustained? Second, how does inequality aect the size of social security, and can the theoretical predictions be consistent with the observed puzzling relationships between inequality and the size of social security? As a stark framework, our model economy features

  12. Social Security and Household Portfolio Allocation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Glenn Hubbard

    1987-01-01

    The entitlement to social security retirement benefits is a major component of aggregate household wealth. This paper focuses on the impact of social security annuities on household portfolio allocation, extending existing optimizing models of portfolio allocation to explicitly consider the role of social security. The model is implemented using cross-section data. The partial equilibrium impacts of changes in social security

  13. Social security and privatization: a viable combination?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven R. Rose; William Cartwright

    2009-01-01

    Privatization involves placing Social Security contributions into individual savings accounts. Recent moves to promote the privatization of Social Security in the United States assume that the Social Security system itself is now in crisis, although the evidence suggests otherwise. Nevertheless, there are real concerns about the future viability of Social Security that should be addressed. The public remains supportive of

  14. Future Social Security Financing Alternatives and National Saving

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael J. Boskin

    1987-01-01

    While the short-run financial status of Social Security is secure, its long-run financial status is very uncertain. The retirement and disability part of the system (OASDI) is projected to be in long-run actuarial deficit under the Social Security Administration's intermediate economic and demographic f9recasts. Hospital Insurance (HI) is projected to run a large deficit, beginning in the 1990s. OASDI is

  15. Leadership with Administration: Securing Administrative Support for Transforming Your Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saginak, Kelli A.; Dollarhide, Colette T.

    2006-01-01

    This article provides school counselors with a plan for securing administrative support for implementing of comprehensive school counseling programs. Systems and systems theory is introduced to explain systemic change in the context of leadership. Leadership theory is presented to assist school counselors in leading systemic change and securing

  16. Predicting Social Security numbers from public data

    PubMed Central

    Acquisti, Alessandro; Gross, Ralph

    2009-01-01

    Information about an individual's place and date of birth can be exploited to predict his or her Social Security number (SSN). Using only publicly available information, we observed a correlation between individuals' SSNs and their birth data and found that for younger cohorts the correlation allows statistical inference of private SSNs. The inferences are made possible by the public availability of the Social Security Administration's Death Master File and the widespread accessibility of personal information from multiple sources, such as data brokers or profiles on social networking sites. Our results highlight the unexpected privacy consequences of the complex interactions among multiple data sources in modern information economies and quantify privacy risks associated with information revelation in public forums. PMID:19581585

  17. Simulated social control for secure Internet commerce

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lars Rasmusson; Sverker Jansson

    1996-01-01

    In this paper we suggest that soft security such as social control has to be used to create secure open systems. Social control means that it is the participants themselves who are responsible for the security, as opposed to leaving the security to some external or global authority. Social mechanisms don't deny the existence of malicious participants. Instead they are

  18. 77 FR 18716 - Transportation Security Administration Postal Zip Code Change; Technical Amendment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-28

    ...HOMELAND SECURITY Transportation Security Administration 49 CFR Part 1572...Amendment No. 1572-9] Transportation Security Administration Postal Zip Code Change...Amendment AGENCY: Transportation Security Administration, DHS....

  19. The Social Security Act and Related Laws (as Amended through December 31, 1976).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Finance.

    The document is a reference to laws enacted to amend the Social Security Act and to laws which directly affect the programs under that act. Intended for use by the Senate Finance Committee, the document supplements the "Compilation of the Social Security Laws," published periodically by the Social Security Administration. The reference includes…

  20. 28 CFR 802.23 - Use and disclosure of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...disclosure of social security numbers. 802.23...Administration COURT SERVICES AND OFFENDER SUPERVISION...DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS Privacy Act § 802.23 Use and disclosure of social security numbers. (a) In...disclose his or her social security number. (b)...

  1. 28 CFR 802.23 - Use and disclosure of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...disclosure of social security numbers. 802.23...Administration COURT SERVICES AND OFFENDER SUPERVISION...DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS Privacy Act § 802.23 Use and disclosure of social security numbers. (a) In...disclose his or her social security number. (b)...

  2. 28 CFR 802.23 - Use and disclosure of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...disclosure of social security numbers. 802.23...Administration COURT SERVICES AND OFFENDER SUPERVISION...DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS Privacy Act § 802.23 Use and disclosure of social security numbers. (a) In...disclose his or her social security number. (b)...

  3. 28 CFR 802.23 - Use and disclosure of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...disclosure of social security numbers. 802.23...Administration COURT SERVICES AND OFFENDER SUPERVISION...DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS Privacy Act § 802.23 Use and disclosure of social security numbers. (a) In...disclose his or her social security number. (b)...

  4. 28 CFR 802.23 - Use and disclosure of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...disclosure of social security numbers. 802.23...Administration COURT SERVICES AND OFFENDER SUPERVISION...DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS Privacy Act § 802.23 Use and disclosure of social security numbers. (a) In...disclose his or her social security number. (b)...

  5. An Activating Social Security System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tito Boeri

    2005-01-01

    Convergence to the Lisbon employment targets requires absorbing large pools of long-term jobseekers, increasing labour force participation and dealing with a sizeable informal sector, composed for the most of low-productivity jobs. The purpose of this paper is to review the main design features of an activating social security strategy reconciling shifts of these three margins with the redistributive institutions characterising

  6. Retirement, Pensions, and Social Security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary S. Fields; Olivia S. Mitchell

    American workers are retiring earlier, living longer, and receiving greater retirement benefits for each year out of the labor force than ever before, which has created serious financial pressures on the nation's Social Security system and generated an intense and often heated debate. This book places retirement in an economic context, calculating the income opportunities facing older workers at alternate

  7. Political Equilibria with Social Security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michele Boldrin; Aldo Rustichini

    2000-01-01

    We model pay-as-you-go social security systems as the outcome of majority voting within a overlapping generations model with production. When voting, individuals make two choices, pay the elderly their pensions or default, which amount to promise themselves next period. Under general circumstances, there exist equilibria where pensions are voted into existence and maintained. Our analysis uncovers two reasons for this.

  8. Retirement Responses to Early Social Security Benefit Reductions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Olivia S. Mitchell; John W. R. Phillips

    2000-01-01

    This paper evaluates potential responses to reductions in early Social Security retirement benefits. Using the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) linked to administrative records, we find that Social Security coverage is quite uneven in the older population: one-quarter of respondents in their late 50's lacks coverage under the Disability Insurance program, and one-fifth lacks coverage for old-age benefits. Among those

  9. 20 CFR 404.469 - Nonpayment of benefits where individual has not furnished or applied for a Social Security number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Administration (SSA) satisfactory proof of his or her Social Security number, or, if the...individual submits satisfactory proof of his or her Social Security number by furnishing to...sufficient additional information that can be used to...

  10. 20 CFR 404.469 - Nonpayment of benefits where individual has not furnished or applied for a Social Security number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Administration (SSA) satisfactory proof of his or her Social Security number, or, if the...individual submits satisfactory proof of his or her Social Security number by furnishing to...sufficient additional information that can be used to...

  11. 20 CFR 404.469 - Nonpayment of benefits where individual has not furnished or applied for a Social Security number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Administration (SSA) satisfactory proof of his or her Social Security number, or, if the...individual submits satisfactory proof of his or her Social Security number by furnishing to...sufficient additional information that can be used to...

  12. 20 CFR 404.469 - Nonpayment of benefits where individual has not furnished or applied for a Social Security number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Administration (SSA) satisfactory proof of his or her Social Security number, or, if the...individual submits satisfactory proof of his or her Social Security number by furnishing to...sufficient additional information that can be used to...

  13. 20 CFR 404.469 - Nonpayment of benefits where individual has not furnished or applied for a Social Security number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Administration (SSA) satisfactory proof of his or her Social Security number, or, if the...individual submits satisfactory proof of his or her Social Security number by furnishing to...sufficient additional information that can be used to...

  14. Human, Organization, and Technology Centred Improvement of IT Security Administration

    E-print Network

    of security administration tools and UIs. Finally, to test the feasibility, validity, and the claimed benefitsHOT Admin: Human, Organization, and Technology Centred Improvement of IT Security Administration Objectives 1. To devise a methodology for evaluating the effectiveness of IT security administration tools; 2

  15. Principles and practice of social security reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alvaro Castro-Gutiérrez

    Summary This paper is intended to provide an insight into the principles and the practical experience observed in the process of social security reform. In the first place, the paper reviews the main ideas behind social security reform, the main features of proposed reform approaches and the goals established in both economic and social terms. An overview of main reformed

  16. Social Security's special minimum benefit.

    PubMed

    Olsen, K A; Hoffmeyer, D

    Social Security's special minimum primary insurance amount (PIA) provision was enacted in 1972 to increase the adequacy of benefits for regular long-term, low-earning covered workers and their dependents or survivors. At the time, Social Security also had a regular minimum benefit provision for persons with low lifetime average earnings and their families. Concerns were rising that the low lifetime average earnings of many regular minimum beneficiaries resulted from sporadic attachment to the covered workforce rather than from low wages. The special minimum benefit was seen as a way to reward regular, low-earning workers without providing the windfalls that would have resulted from raising the regular minimum benefit to a much higher level. The regular minimum benefit was subsequently eliminated for workers reaching age 62, becoming disabled, or dying after 1981. Under current law, the special minimum benefit will phase out over time, although it is not clear from the legislative history that this was Congress's explicit intent. The phaseout results from two factors: (1) special minimum benefits are paid only if they are higher than benefits payable under the regular PIA formula, and (2) the value of the regular PIA formula, which is indexed to wages before benefit eligibility, has increased faster than that of the special minimum PIA, which is indexed to inflation. Under the Social Security Trustees' 2000 intermediate assumptions, the special minimum benefit will cease to be payable to retired workers attaining eligibility in 2013 and later. Their benefits will always be larger under the regular benefit formula. As policymakers consider Social Security solvency initiatives--particularly proposals that would reduce benefits or introduce investment risk--interest may increase in restoring some type of special minimum benefit as a targeted protection for long-term low earners. Two of the three reform proposals offered by the President's Commission to Strengthen Social Security would modify and strengthen the current-law special minimum benefit. Interest in the special minimum benefit may also increase because of labor force participation and marital trends that suggest that enhancing workers' benefits may be a more effective means of reducing older women's poverty rates than enhancing spousal or widow's benefits. By understanding the Social Security program's experience with the special minimum benefit, policymakers will be able to better anticipate the effectiveness of other initiatives to enhance benefits for long-term low earners. This article presents the most recent and comprehensive information available about the special minimum benefit in order to help policymakers make informed decisions about the provision's future. Highlights of the current special minimum benefit include the following: Very few persons receive the special minimum benefit. As of December 2001, about 134,000 workers and their dependents and survivors were entitled to a benefit based on the special minimum. Of those, only about 79,000 received a higher total benefit because of the special minimum; the other 55,000 were dually entitled. (In effect, when persons are eligible for more than one type of benefit--that is, they are dually eligible--the highest benefit payable determines total benefits. If the special minimum benefit is not the highest benefit payable, it does not increase total benefits paid.) As of February 2000, retired workers who were special minimum beneficiaries with unreduced benefits and were not dually entitled were receiving, on average, a monthly benefit of $510 per month. That amount is approximately $2,000 less than the annual poverty threshold for an aged individual. Special minimum benefits provide small increases in total benefits. For special minimum beneficiaries who were not dually entitled as of December 2001, the average special minimum monthly PIA was just $39 higher than the regular PIA. Most special minimum beneficiaries are female retired workers. About 90 percent of special minimum beneficiaries are retired work

  17. SECURITY FOR SOCIAL SECURITY: IS PRE-FUNDING THE ANSWER?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert L. Brown

    With the election of George W. Bush, the debate around privatization of Social Security in the United States is sure to be rekindled. The Republicans seem to favor separating a part of OASDI and moving that portion of the scheme into Individual Retirement Accounts. President Clinton had proposed creating larger social security funds and investing a portion of them in

  18. 5 CFR 839.903 - What happens to the Social Security taxes I erroneously paid when my employer corrects my...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    (a) Except for the last 3 years, the money you erroneously paid into Social Security will remain to your credit in the Social Security fund. The Social Security Administration will include all but those last 3 years in determining your eligibility for, and the amount of, future...

  19. 5 CFR 839.903 - What happens to the Social Security taxes I erroneously paid when my employer corrects my...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    (a) Except for the last 3 years, the money you erroneously paid into Social Security will remain to your credit in the Social Security fund. The Social Security Administration will include all but those last 3 years in determining your eligibility for, and the amount of, future...

  20. 75 FR 8096 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security Transportation Security Administration-023...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-23

    ...Security Administration--023 Workplace Violence Prevention Program System of Records...Security Administration--023 Workplace Violence Prevention Program System of Records...and maintain records on their Workplace Violence Prevention Program. Additionally,...

  1. Social Security Privatization and Financial Market Risk

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary Burtless

    A popular proposal for reforming social security is to supplement or replace traditional publicly financed benefits with a new system of mandatory defined- contribution private pensions. Proponents claim that private plans offer better returns than traditional social security. To achieve higher returns, however, contributors are exposed to extra risks associated with financial market fluctuations. This paper offers evidence on the

  2. Social Security Privatization and Market Risk

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian E. Weller

    2006-01-01

    Under Social Security privatization, workers would be allowed to divert some of the money that currently goes to Social Security into private accounts. This would expose them to market risk, that is, the risk of a substantial drop in equity prices or of a prolonged bear market. This could result in generations of workers with less money than they thought

  3. Social Security private accounts: a risky proposition?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerald P. Dwyer Jr.

    2005-01-01

    In the ongoing debate over Social Security, private accounts have been recommended as one part of the resolution of the funding difficulties the system faces in coming years. This article discusses what private accounts can and cannot do for individuals who choose to use them and for future Social Security deficits. ; Under current proposals, private accounts would give account

  4. The False Charms of Social Security Privatization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alicia Munnell

    2005-01-01

    The privatization of social security has been sold as a free lunch. It is not. As this member of the Council of Economic Advisers under President Bill Clinton points out, a little reality is necessary. In a wide-ranging interview on the future of social security, this Challenge editorial board member corrects the many myths now being floated in one of

  5. Social Security Reform and Financial Adjustment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Wen-Hui Cheng; Ching-Hsia Cheng; Sheng-Jer Hsieh

    Most of western industrialized countries have developed very extensive social security system during 1950s and 1960s that followed by the era of retrenchment since mid-1970s when the systems maturing, population aging, economic and financial situation turning worse. Though various adjustment measures have been undertaken in the past two decades, the basic framework of social security systems remained the same. However,

  6. Social security coverage in Latin America

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rafael Rofman

    2005-01-01

    For almost a decade, the debate on social security in the region has revolved around the diversification of risks, macroeconomic effects of the systems, and private sector participation in their management. Now, however, many analysts are starting to focus on the issue of coverage. The debate on social security coverage has been complicated by a lack of consistent quantitative information

  7. Alternative Social Security Systems and Growth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Kaganovich

    2007-01-01

    Demographic trends in most developed economies are characterized by rising longevity and decreasing birthrates. These trends endanger the sustainability of the current public pension systems. Therefore social security reform proposals are on the agenda in many countries. This paper demonstrates that the analysis of fiscal sustainability of social security must include an additional dimension of public policy, namely education funding.

  8. Bush Plan Takes Security Out of Social Security

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Jeanne C.

    2005-01-01

    Social workers understand that assessing the implications of a policy for individual citizens like Veronica, a 51 year-old African American woman whose retirement will be jeopardized by President Bush's plan for social security, is often a good yardstick by which to measure the impact of a change. Moreover, social workers understand that policy…

  9. 32 CFR 806b.12 - Requesting the Social Security Number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Requesting the Social Security Number. When asking...his or her Social Security Number, always give a Privacy Act Statement that...made of the Social Security Number; and whether...anyone enters military service or becomes an...

  10. 32 CFR 806b.12 - Requesting the Social Security Number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Requesting the Social Security Number. When asking...his or her Social Security Number, always give a Privacy Act Statement that...made of the Social Security Number; and whether...anyone enters military service or becomes an...

  11. 32 CFR 806b.12 - Requesting the Social Security Number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Requesting the Social Security Number. When asking...his or her Social Security Number, always give a Privacy Act Statement that...made of the Social Security Number; and whether...anyone enters military service or becomes an...

  12. 32 CFR 806b.12 - Requesting the Social Security Number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Requesting the Social Security Number. When asking...his or her Social Security Number, always give a Privacy Act Statement that...made of the Social Security Number; and whether...anyone enters military service or becomes an...

  13. 32 CFR 806b.12 - Requesting the Social Security Number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Requesting the Social Security Number. When asking...his or her Social Security Number, always give a Privacy Act Statement that...made of the Social Security Number; and whether...anyone enters military service or becomes an...

  14. The Portfolio Implications of Adding Social Security Private Account Options to Ongoing Investments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph Friedman; Herbert E Phillips

    2010-01-01

    Proposals to allow private accounts under Social Security were introduced long before George Bush was elected President, and support for privatization in some form will survive his administration and the economic downturn that followed. This paper studies the impact that private accounts would have on risk\\/return investment tradeoffs available to Social Security participants who save and invest on an ongoing

  15. The Social Security Earnings Test Removal. Money Saved or Money Spent by the Trust Fund?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giovanni Mastrobuoni

    2006-01-01

    Beneficiaries of Social Security face restrictions on how much they can earn without incurring the earnings test (ET). In 2000, President Clinton eliminated the ET between age 65 and 70. In this paper I evaluate how this removal impacts the long-term finances of the Trust Fund. I find that starting in 2006 the Social Security Administration is actually saving money

  16. Social Research Center Administration: Dreams and Realities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isralowitz, Richard E.

    1998-01-01

    Based on experience in two different university-based social research centers (SRCs), the author discusses factors influencing support for university-based SRCs, the difficulty of transferring research findings from the SRC to the outside world, and how the social context influences the role research administrators play in this type of research…

  17. Analyzing the 9/11 Security Fee Analyzing the Transportation Security Administration's

    E-print Network

    Lewis, Robert Michael

    in Public Policy The College of William & Mary December 2009 #12;Analyzing the 9/11 Security Fee 2 of the Transportation Security Administration's Aviation Security operations, screening operations in particular? Abbreviations ASIF Aviation Security Infrastructure Fee ATSA Aviation and Transportation Security Act CY

  18. Social Security and Social Welfare Indicators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ida C. Merriam

    1978-01-01

    The proportion of its total resources that a society devotes to social welfare is a useful general measure related to social policy. In fiscal 1976, the United States spent 21 percent of Gross National Product (GNP) for public social welfare programs, including health and education as well as social insurance (the largest segment) and assistance. Program developments, inflation, population growth,

  19. Social Security or Private Security Social security reform remains an important, controversial topic. This short essay

    E-print Network

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    defines the return within a pay-as-you-go system Social security revenue increases with income growth considers the average return over the long run, ignoring differences in risk associated with different forms exceeds income growth in the long run. Thus, a fully funded retirement system should provide higher

  20. Bush and Gore Debate Social Security

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    One of the key issues in the presidential debate on October 17, 2000 was the reform of the Social Security program. While both candidates agree that the system needs to be changed and improved, their ideas for instituting change are quite different. Governor Bush has proposed naming a bipartisan panel responsible for creating a plan that would allow workers to set up personal investment accounts, thus emphasizing individual responsiblity and "trust in the free market." Vice-President Gore's plan places the chief responsibility in the hands of the government by changing Social Security very little, but including the use of $1.4 trillion in tax revenue, along with Social Security taxes, to pay beneficiaries. While Bush's plan is slightly riskier, since it depends on a strong market, according to the latest polls, it is slightly favored by voters. Fifty percent of voters prefer Bush's plan, while only 44 percent are leaning toward's Gore's Social Security ideas.

  1. Privatizing Social Security: A Critical Assessment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pascal Belan; Pierre Pestieau

    1999-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to provide a critical evaluation of theoretical models showing that shifting from pay-as-you-go to fully funded social security schemes can be made Pareto-improving. Further, it argues that what often makes a reform towards funded schemes attractive is a number of additional features that could also have been introduced in the unfunded social security system.The

  2. Privatizing social security: a critical assessment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pascal BELAN; Pierre PESTIEAU

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to provide a critical evaluation of theoretical models showing that shifting from pay-as-you-go to funded social security schemes can be made Pareto-improving. Further, it argues that what often makes a reform toward funded schemes attractive is a number of additional features that could have been introduced as well in the unfunded social security system.

  3. Social Security Reform: Creating Transformative Opportunities for African Americans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pheobe Weaver Williams

    2012-01-01

    The Social Security retirement income program provides important security to nearly all workers in the U.S. Professor Williams reviews aspects of the Social Security system and proposes reforms in order to provide equitable protection.

  4. Social Security Numbers Fermilab's International Services Office

    E-print Network

    Quigg, Chris

    , such as banks, or to buy a car or house, or to get U.S. credit cards. To access certain state benefits and other organizations have come to use a "Social Security Number" (SSN) as the i l t f ti l id tifi ti Security Card." Click on this link to access a page that enables you to searchenables you to search

  5. Home-centric visualization of network traffic for security administration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Ball; Glenn A. Fink; Chris North

    2004-01-01

    Today's system administrators, burdened by rapidly increasing network activity, must quickly perceive the security state of their networks, but they often have only text-based tools to work with. These tools often provide no overview to help users grasp the big-picture. Our interviews with administrators have revealed that they need visualization tools; thus, we present VISUAL (Visual Information Security Utility for

  6. Aeronautics and NASA Security Records System Administration Privacy Act Notice

    E-print Network

    Alabama in Huntsville, University of

    National Aeronautics and NASA Security Records System Space Administration Privacy Act Notice supplying infornlation for inclusion in the NASA Security Records System. AUTHORITY. 42 USC 2165, 2455; 5, or foreign law enforcement agencies in the course of administrative or criminal investigations; to NASA

  7. Security administration plan for HANDI 2000 business management system

    SciTech Connect

    Wilson, D.

    1998-09-29

    This document encompasses and standardizes the integrated approach for security within the PP and Ps applications, It also identifies the security tools and methods to be used. The Security Administration Plan becomes effective as of this document`s acceptance and will provide guidance through implementation efforts and, as a ``living document`` will support the operations and maintenance of the system.

  8. Social Security: a financial appraisal for the median voter.

    PubMed

    Galasso, V

    Several explanations have been proposed for why voters continue to support unfunded social security systems. Browning (1975) suggests that the extremely large unfunded pension systems of most democracies depend on the existence of a voting majority composed of middle-aged and older people who fail to fully internalize the cost of financing the system. In fact, when voting, economically rational workers consider only their current and future contributions to the system and their expected pension benefits--not their past contributions, which they regard as sunk costs. If, for a majority of voters, the expected continuation return from social security exceeds the return from alternative assets, an unfunded social security system is politically sustainable. This article explores the validity of Browning's proposition by quantifying the returns that U.S. voters in presidential elections from 1964 to 1996 have obtained, or expect to obtain, from Social Security. Did "investments" in Social Security outperform alternative forms of investment, such as mutual funds or pension funds, for a majority of the voters? What can be expected for the future? The U.S. Social Security system redistributes income within age cohorts on the basis of sex, income, and marital status. To account for some of these features, the median voter is represented by a family unit whose members--a husband who accounts for 70 percent of household earnings and a wife who accounts for 30 percent--make joint economic and voting decisions. Thus, retirement and survival benefits paid out to the spouse of an insured worker can be included in the calculation of Social Security returns. Interval estimates of voters' family incomes from the U.S. Census Bureau were used to obtain the median voter's household earnings. The median voter's age is derived from the ages of those who voted in presidential elections, not from the ages of the entire electorate. The median voter's contributions to Social Security are the product of the joint employer/employee Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) tax rate and employee earnings. Data on actual contributions are available for median voters in the 1964 to 1976 elections; Social Security Administration (SSA) estimates are used for future tax rates and average wage growth rates. Data on actual old-age, retirement, and survivor benefits, as well as estimates of future benefits, are also available from SSA. Analysis of ex-post returns from "investing" in Social Security and from a buy-and-hold strategy applied to three alternative assets--the Standard & Poor's Composite Index (S&P), the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), and U.S. government bonds--shows surprising results. In 1964 and 1968, Social Security largely outperformed the other three assets. In 1972, Social Security and the stock market performed almost equally. In 1976, however, the median voter would have been better off in the stock market. The expected returns for median voters in later elections cannot be directly compared with realized returns from alternative assets. However, estimates range from 5.7 percent in 1984 to 7.0 percent in 1996 and thus compare favorably with average returns of 5.6 percent for S&P, 5.3 percent for DJIA, and 2.1 percent for government bonds over the 1964-1996 period. Although these findings must be taken with caution since they compare ex-post returns, they show that, despite a continuous reduction in profitability, Social Security still represents a safe, high-return asset for a majority of families. PMID:12428510

  9. Retirement responses to social security changes.

    PubMed

    Gohmann, S F; Clark, R L

    1989-11-01

    Workers often retire at an age later than the age at which they accept Social Security benefits. This study employed a life-cycle model of individual utility to examine the effects of Social Security provisions on the timing of benefit acceptance and retirement. The behavioral responses of older workers are estimated with a two-equation logit model using data from the Retirement History Study. The results indicate that the legislated increase in the age of eligibility for full Social Security benefits beginning in the 21st century will have relatively small effects on the ages of retirement and benefit acceptance. The mandated decrease in the earnings test tax also is predicted to have only a small effect on the behavior of older persons. PMID:2809115

  10. 12 CFR 792.68 - Use and collection of Social Security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    12 ? Banks and Banking ? 6 ? 2010-01-01 ? 2010-01-01 ? false ? Use and collection of Social Security numbers. ? 792.68 ? Section 792.68 ? Banks and Banking ? NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION ? REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION ? REQUESTS...

  11. 12 CFR 792.68 - Use and collection of Social Security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    12 ? Banks and Banking ? 6 ? 2011-01-01 ? 2011-01-01 ? false ? Use and collection of Social Security numbers. ? 792.68 ? Section 792.68 ? Banks and Banking ? NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION ? REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION ? REQUESTS...

  12. 28 CFR 700.25 - Use and collection of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    28 ? Judicial Administration ? 2 ? 2011-07-01 ? 2011-07-01 ? false ? Use and collection of social security numbers. ? 700.25 ? Section 700.25 ? Judicial Administration ? OFFICE OF INDEPENDENT COUNSEL ? PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF MATERIAL OR INFORMATION OF THE OFFICE OF INDEPENDENT COUNSEL...

  13. 12 CFR 792.68 - Use and collection of Social Security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    12 ? Banks and Banking ? 7 ? 2012-01-01 ? 2012-01-01 ? false ? Use and collection of Social Security numbers. ? 792.68 ? Section 792.68 ? Banks and Banking ? NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION ? REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION ? REQUESTS...

  14. 12 CFR 792.68 - Use and collection of Social Security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    12 ? Banks and Banking ? 7 ? 2013-01-01 ? 2013-01-01 ? false ? Use and collection of Social Security numbers. ? 792.68 ? Section 792.68 ? Banks and Banking ? NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION ? REGULATIONS AFFECTING THE OPERATIONS OF THE NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION ? REQUESTS...

  15. 28 CFR 700.25 - Use and collection of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    28 ? Judicial Administration ? 2 ? 2010-07-01 ? 2010-07-01 ? false ? Use and collection of social security numbers. ? 700.25 ? Section 700.25 ? Judicial Administration ? OFFICE OF INDEPENDENT COUNSEL ? PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF MATERIAL OR INFORMATION OF THE OFFICE OF INDEPENDENT COUNSEL...

  16. 28 CFR 700.25 - Use and collection of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    28 ? Judicial Administration ? 2 ? 2012-07-01 ? 2012-07-01 ? false ? Use and collection of social security numbers. ? 700.25 ? Section 700.25 ? Judicial Administration ? OFFICE OF INDEPENDENT COUNSEL ? PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF MATERIAL OR INFORMATION OF THE OFFICE OF INDEPENDENT COUNSEL...

  17. 20 CFR 209.3 - Social security number required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    Each employer shall furnish to the Board a social security number for each employee for whom any report is submitted to the Board. Employers are encouraged to validate any social security number provided under this...

  18. 20 CFR 209.3 - Social security number required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    Each employer shall furnish to the Board a social security number for each employee for whom any report is submitted to the Board. Employers are encouraged to validate any social security number provided under this...

  19. Social Security privatization: a simple proposal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Altig; Jagadeesh Gokhale

    1997-01-01

    A proposal for a U.S. Social Security reform that gradually, but ultimately fully, privatizes the system. This proposal follows the no-harm, no-foul principle in that it preserves the benefits of older generations and yet promises the same or higher retirement benefits for the young.

  20. Does Social Security Privatization Produce Efficiency Gains?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shinichi Nishiyama; Kent Smetters

    2007-01-01

    While privatizing social security can improve labor supply incentives, it can also reduce risk sharing. We analyze a 50% privatization using an overlapping-generations model where heterogeneous agents with elastic labor supply face idiosyncratic earnings shocks and longevity uncertainty. When wage shocks are insurable, privatization produces about $18,100 of extra resources for each future household after all transitional losses have been

  1. COMMENT: SOCIAL SECURITY AND PRIVATE SAVINGS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    PHILIP MEGUIRE

    1998-01-01

    * Abstract - From estimates of a modified life-cycle consumer expenditure function (LCF), Feldstein (1996) concluded that Social Security old age benefits reduced 1992 private saving by more than $400 billion. (1992 net (gross) private saving was $425 ($1,474) billion.) I confirm this finding, and show that it is more than three times its standard error but entirely due to

  2. Social Security privatization: balancing efficiency and fairness

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Alan Garner

    1997-01-01

    This article examines these fundamental issues of economic efficiency and fairness that should be weighed when considering Social Security privatization. The first section summarizes the challenges to the current system and outlines various options for reform. The second section explains how privatization could improve economic efficiency, and briefly considers the difficult issue of the transition costs in moving from the

  3. Household Saving Behavior and Social Security Privatization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alisdair McKay

    2011-01-01

    I develop a general equilibrium model of saving behavior in which the quality of nancial decisions is endogenously determined by the incentives to exert effort in learning about financial opportunities. The model generates predictions for asset holdings, asset market participation and returns across households. I apply the model to analyze a social security privatization reform. Privatization affects household search effort,

  4. Social Security Reform in 2005 and Beyond

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathryn L. Moore

    2006-01-01

    Social Security reform started with a bang in 2005. President Bush placed it at the top of his domestic agenda and featured it prominently in his 2005 State of the Union Address. The President spent the early months of the year on a \\

  5. Discount rate heterogeneity and social security reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew A. Samwick

    1998-01-01

    As many countries consider the privatization of existing pay-as-you-go Social Security systems, the option to make participation in the new system voluntary may appeal to policy makers who need to obtain the political support of their workers. A critical issue in evaluating such a reform and its economic consequences is the unobserved heterogeneity in households' preferences for consumption. This paper

  6. Social Security Reform and Corporate Governance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lee S. Redding

    2006-01-01

    This paper considers implementation issues arising from potential reforms to the United States Social Security system. Many reform proposals involve individually invested accounts, but the corporate governance implications of such accounts have not been fully explored. Existing reform plans will result in a large fraction of votes being concentrated at one private fund manager. The implications for corporate governance and

  7. Discount Rate Heterogeneity and Social Security Reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew A. Samwick

    1997-01-01

    As many countries consider the privatization of existing pay-as-you-go Social Security systems, the option to make participation in the new system voluntary may appeal to policy makers who need to obtain the political support of their workers. A critical issue in evaluating such a reform and its economic consequences is the unobserved heterogeneity in households' preferences for consumption. This paper

  8. Should the United States Privatize Social Security?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Henry J. Aaron; John B. Shoven

    1999-01-01

    The two papers that make up the core of this book address what is perhaps the most fundamental question in the current debate over Social Security: whether to shift, in part or even entirely, from today's pay-as-you-go system to one that is not just funded but also privatized in the sense that individuals would retain control over the investment of

  9. Blind Processing: Securing Data Against System Administrators

    E-print Network

    Gunes, Mehmet Hadi

    side management in distribution systems as a part of "smarter grid" efforts, secure communication modules to improve the trustworthiness of a system. I. INTRODUCTION Multi-owner cyber-physical systems (potentially) competing entities. The goal in blind processing is to establish a secure communication channel

  10. Social security privatization: what it can and cannot accomplish

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Randall P. Mariger

    1997-01-01

    This paper assesses the effect of social security privatization on the government budget, economic efficiency, national savings, and the distribution of resources across generations. It is shown that the benefits of privatization most often touted by privatization advocates can be achieved by simply altering taxes and social security pensions and leaving the basic structure of social security unchanged. In the

  11. Social Security Investment In Equities I: Linear Case

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Diamond; John Geanakoplos

    2002-01-01

    Among the elderly, Social Security income is distributed very differently than private pension and asset income. For the bottom quintile of the income distribution, 81 percent of income comes from Social Security, while only 6 percent is from pensions plus income from assets. For the top quintile, 23 percent comes from Social Security, while 46 percent is from pensions and

  12. The political economy of social security: a survey

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vincenzo Galasso; Paola Profeta

    2002-01-01

    This paper surveys the literature on the political economy of social security. We review models that address the following questions: (i) Why do social security programs that transfer resources from young and middle-aged workers to the elderly exist? (ii) What are the economic and political interactions between social security systems and other redistributive programs of the welfare state? (iii) How

  13. 75 FR 65511 - Employee Benefits Security Administration; Submission for OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-25

    ...of Labor--Employee Benefits Security Administration...Agency: Employee Benefits Security Administration...plans, and who can exercise control over the assets...participants' or beneficiaries exercise of control over their...Agency: Employee Benefits Security...

  14. 76 FR 40352 - National Nuclear Security Administration; Amended Record of Decision: Site-Wide Environmental...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-08

    ...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Nuclear Security Administration...NM AGENCY: National Nuclear Security Administration, U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Amended Record...SUMMARY: The National Nuclear Security...

  15. 20 CFR 404.1407 - When railroad retirement benefits do not bar payment of social security benefits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    20 ? Employees' Benefits ? 2 ? 2011-04-01 ? 2011-04-01 ? false ? When railroad retirement benefits do not bar payment of social security benefits. ? 404.1407 ? Section 404.1407 ? Employees' Benefits ? SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ? FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- )...

  16. 20 CFR 404.1407 - When railroad retirement benefits do not bar payment of social security benefits.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    20 ? Employees' Benefits ? 2 ? 2013-04-01 ? 2013-04-01 ? false ? When railroad retirement benefits do not bar payment of social security benefits. ? 404.1407 ? Section 404.1407 ? Employees' Benefits ? SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ? FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- )...

  17. Managing Social Security Benefits to Avoid Future Impoverishment for At-Risk Populations in the U.S

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Morrine Tauheed

    The Social Security Administration (SSA) administers the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) Program in the United States. The amount of Social Security benefit is based on an individual worker's lifetime earnings and replaces approximately 40% of an average wage earner's income. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has determined that the U.S. poverty line in 2006 for

  18. Social Security privatization in Latin America.

    PubMed

    Kritzer, B E

    2000-01-01

    The new, partially privatized social security system adopted by Chile in 1981 has attracted attention in many parts of the world. Since then, a number of Latin American countries have implemented the Chilean model, with some variations: either with a single- or multi-tier system, or with a period of transition to take care of those in the labor force at the time of the change. The single-tier version consists of a privatized program with individual accounts in pension fund management companies. Multi-tier systems have a privatized component and retain some form of public program. This article describes each of the new programs in Latin America, their background, and similarities and differences among them. Much more information is available for Chile than for the other countries (in part because Chile has the oldest system), enough to be able to evaluate what, in most cases, is the most accurate information. That is often not the case for the other countries, especially when dealing with subjects such as transition costs and net rates of return (rates of return minus administrative fees). No country has copied the Chilean system exactly. Bolivia, El Salvador, and Mexico have closed their public systems and set up mandatory individual accounts. Argentina has a mixed public/private system with three tiers. In Colombia and Peru, workers have a choice between the public and private programs. Uruguay created a two-tier mixed system. Costa Rica has a voluntary program for individual accounts as a supplement to the pay-as-you-go program and has just passed a law setting up mandatory accounts containing employer contributions for severance pay. All of the countries continue to face unresolved issues, including: High rates of noncompliance--the percentage of enrollees who do not actively and regularly contribute to their accounts--which could lead to low benefits and greater costs to the governments that offer a guaranteed minimum benefit; Proportionately lower benefits for women and lower earners than for men and higher earners; A minimum required rate of return among the pension fund management companies (in most of these countries) that has resulted in similarity among the companies and the consequent lack of meaningful choice; and High administrative fees in most of these countries, which reduce the individual's effective rate of return. To what extent these issues can be mitigated or resolved in the future is not yet clear. In general, a definitive assessment of the Chilean model and its Latin American variations will not be possible until a cohort of retirees has spent most of its career under the new system. PMID:11131978

  19. Social Security And Mental Illness: Reducing Disability With Supported Employment

    PubMed Central

    Drake, Robert E.; Skinner, Jonathan S.; Bond, Gary R.; Goldman, Howard H.

    2010-01-01

    Social Security Administration disability programs are expensive, growing, and headed toward bankruptcy. People with psychiatric disabilities now constitute the largest and most rapidly expanding subgroup of program beneficiaries. Evidence-based supported employment is a well-defined, rigorously tested service model that helps people with psychiatric disabilities obtain and succeed in competitive employment. Providing evidence-based supported employment and mental health services to this population could reduce the growing rates of disability and enable those already disabled to contribute positively to the workforce and to their own welfare, at little or no cost (and, depending on assumptions, a possible savings) to the government. PMID:19414885

  20. Social security: a program and policy history.

    PubMed

    Martin, Patricia P; Weaver, David A

    2005-01-01

    Many of the federal and state programs that provide income security to U.S. families have their roots in the Social Security Act (the Act) of 1935. This Act provided for unemployment insurance, old-age insurance, and means-tested welfare programs. The Great Depression was clearly a catalyst for the Social Security Act of 1935, and some of its provisions--notably the means-tested programs--were intended to offer immediate relief to families. However, the old-age insurance program-the precursor to today's Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance, or Social Security, program-was not designed specifically to deal with the economic crisis of that era. Indeed, monthly benefit payments, under the original Act, were not scheduled to begin until 1942. In addition, from the beginning, the Social Security program has embodied social insurance principles that were widely discussed even before the onset of the Great Depression. The first four decades of the Social Security program were, in general, ones of expansion. In fact, the program was expanded even before it became truly operational. In 1939, amendments added child, spouse, and survivor benefits to the retirement benefits authorized by the 1935 Act. Those amendments also allowed for monthly benefits to begin in 1940. Although the program was not changed substantially during the war years and the initial postwar period, the 1950s were a transformational decade in the program's history: benefit amounts were increased substantially, coverage under the program became close to universal, and a new disability insurance benefit was offered. The 1960s witnessed additional growth in Social Security, but the most important development in social insurance occurred in health insurance, with the creation of the Medicare program in 1965. Legislative actions in the 1970s had profound effects on the Social Security program and, indeed, set the stage for many of today's reform debates. Large benefit increases, a new benefit formula that was erroneously generous, and other changes in the early 1970s created a situation in which annual program costs, as a share of gross domestic product, increased during a 12-year period from about 3 percent to 5 percent. In 1977, amendments to the Act corrected the flawed benefit formula and made other changes in the financing of the system to shore up the program. Thus, the 1970s represent a watershed in the program's history-program growth gave way to increasing concerns about the program's finances. Those concerns were reflected in the amendments to the Act in 1983, which were the last major changes to the program. These amendments, based largely on recommendations from a commission chaired by Alan Greenspan, adjusted benefits and taxes to address pressing near-term financing problems faced by the system. Although the Greenspan Commission focused to a large extent on short-range issues, the resulting reforms have generated large surpluses in the program and the buildup of a substantial trust fund. However, the looming retirement of the baby boomers and several other demographic factors will, according to projections, result in the exhaustion of the trust fund by 2042. PMID:16295313

  1. 78 FR 8217 - Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-1p; Titles II and XVI: Agency Processes for Addressing Allegations...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-05

    The Social Security Administration published a document in the Federal Register of January 29, 2013, in FR Doc. 2013-01833, on page 6168, in the third column, the fourth line under the ``Summary'' heading, change ``SSR-13-Xp'' to...

  2. 78 FR 22361 - Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-1p; Titles II and XVI: Agency Processes for Addressing Allegations...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-15

    The Social Security Administration published a document in the Federal Register of January 29, 2013, in FR Doc. 2013-01833, on page 6171, in the third column, the last line of the document change ``30 days'' to ``60...

  3. Privatizing Social Security: the Chilean experience.

    PubMed

    Kritzer, B E

    1996-01-01

    In 1981, Chile introduced a new approach to social insurance, a system of individual capitalization accounts financed solely by the employee. This new privatized system was an improvement over Chile's failing pay-as-you-go arrangement. As many countries worldwide are facing financial problems with their social security system, they are now looking to the Chilean model in trying to find solutions. This article describes the conditions that led to the new system, the transition, and details of the new privatized system. PMID:8994293

  4. 20 CFR 410.610 - Administrative actions that are initial determinations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...610 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Finality of Decisions, and Representation of Parties § 410.610 ...representative payment. The Social Security Administration shall...with section 205(j) of the Social Security Act (42...

  5. Sample Loss and Survey Bias in Estimates of Social Security Beneficiaries: A Tale of Two Surveys. Washington, DC: Mathematica Policy Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John L. Czajka; James Mabli; Scott Cody

    2008-01-01

    Data from the Census Bureau’s Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) and the Current Population Survey (CPS) provide information on current and potential beneficiaries served by Social Security Administration (SSA) programs. SSA also links administrative records to the records of survey respondents who provide Social Security numbers. These matched data expand the content of the SIPP and CPS files

  6. Does Social Security Privatization Produce Efficiency Gains?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shinichi Nishiyama; Kent Smetters

    2005-01-01

    While privatizing Social Security can improve labor supply incentives, it can also reduce risk sharing when households face uninsurable risks. We simulate a stylized 50-percent privatization using an overlapping-generations model where heterogenous agents with elastic labor supply face idiosyncratic earnings shocks and longevity uncertainty. When wage shocks are insurable, privatization produces about $21,900 of new resources for each future household

  7. Can Social Security Privatization Be Pareto Improving?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Douglas H. Joines

    Abstract The last two decades have witnessed the complete or parital privatization of public pension systems in several countries, and many proposals have been made to privatize the U.S. Social Security system either completely or partially. The motivation behind such proposals is that privatization will lead to substantial long-run welfare gains due to an increase in the economy steady-state capital

  8. Benefit adequacy among elderly Social Security retired-worker beneficiaries and the SSI federal benefit rate.

    PubMed

    Rupp, Kalman; Strand, Alexander; Davies, Paul; Sears, Jim

    2007-01-01

    Both target effectiveness and administrative simplicity are desirable properties in the design of minimum benefit packages for public retirement programs. The federal benefit rate (FBR) of the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program has been proposed by some analysts as a potentially attractive basis of establishing a new minimum benefit for Social Security on both of these grounds. This type of proposal is related to a broader array of minimum benefit proposals that would establish a Social Security benefit floor based on the poverty rate. In contrast to Social Security, the SSI program is means tested, including both an income and asset screen and also a categorical eligibility screen (the requirement to qualify as aged or disabled). The SSI FBR provides an inflation-adjusted, guaranteed income floor for aged and disabled people with low assets. The FBR has been perceived by proponents as a minimal measure of Social Security benefit adequacy because it represents a subpoverty income level for a family of one or two depending on marital status. For this same reason it has been seen as a target-effective tool of designing a minimum Social Security benefit. An FBR-based minimum benefit has also been viewed as administratively simple to implement; the benefit can be calculated from Social Security administrative records using a completely automated electronic process. Therefore-in contrast to the SSI program itself-an FBR-based minimum benefit would incur virtually no ongoing administrative costs, would not require a separate application for a means-tested program, and would avoid the perception of welfare stigma. While these ideas have been discussed in the literature and among policymakers in the United States over the years, and similar proposals have been considered or implemented in several foreign countries, there have been no previous analyses measuring the size of the potentially affected beneficiary population. Nor has there been any systematic assessment of the FBR as a measure of benefit adequacy or the tradeoffs between potential target effectiveness and administrative simplicity. Based on a series of simulations, we assess the FBR as a potential foundation for minimum Social Security benefits and we examine the tradeoffs between administrative simplicity and target effectiveness using microdata from the 1996 panel of the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). Our empirical analysis is limited to Social Security retired-worker beneficiaries aged 65 or older. We start with the assessment of the FBR as a measure of benefit adequacy. We are particularly concerned about two types of error: (1) incorrectly identifying some Social Security beneficiaries as "economically vulnerable," and (2) incorrectly identifying others as "not economically vulnerable." Operationally we measure economic vulnerability by two alternative standards. One of our measures considers beneficiaries with family income below the official poverty threshold as vulnerable. Our second measure is more restrictive; it uses a family income threshold equal to 75 percent of the official poverty threshold. We find that a substantial minority of retired workers have Social Security benefits below the FBR. The results also show that the FBR-based measure of Social Security benefit adequacy is very imprecise in terms of identifying economically vulnerable people. We estimate that the vast majority of beneficiaries with Social Security benefits below the FBR are not economically vulnerable. Conversely, an FBR-level Social Security benefit threshold fails to identify some beneficiaries who are economically vulnerable. Thus an FBR-level minimum benefit would be poorly targeted in terms of both types of errors we are concerned about. An FBR-level minimum benefit would provide minimum Social Security benefits to many people who are clearly not poor. Conversely, an FBR-level minimum benefit would not provide any income relief to some who are poor. The administrative simplicity behind these screening errors also results in addit

  9. A review of Transportation Security Administration funding 2001–2007

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Clinton V. Oster; John S. Strong

    2008-01-01

    The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 spurred a fundamental change in the thinking, organization, and funding of transportation\\u000a security in the United States. The most visible organizational change was the creation of the Transportation Security Administration\\u000a (TSA), first as an entity within the Department of Transportation in November 2001, and then as part of the newly-established\\u000a Department of Homeland

  10. Social Cognitive Theory: Information Security Awareness and Practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Santos M. Galvez; Indira R. Guzman

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, the authors discuss employees’ beliefs about their abilities to competently use computer information security tools in the determination of effective information security practices within organizations. In the first section the authors present a background about information security practices at work. Then, the authors present a research approach based on social cognitive theory applied in the information security

  11. National Nuclear Security Administration Knowledge Base Core Table Schema Document

    Microsoft Academic Search

    DORTHE B

    2002-01-01

    The National Nuclear Security Administration is creating a Knowledge Base to store technical information to support the United States nuclear explosion monitoring mission. This document defines the core database tables that are used in the Knowledge Base. The purpose of this document is to present the ORACLE database tables in the NNSA Knowledge Base that on modifications to the CSS3.0

  12. Secure Instant Messaging Protocol Preserving Confidentiality against Administrator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hiroaki Kikuchi; Minako Tada; Shohachiro Nakanishi

    2004-01-01

    We study a security enhancement of instant messaging service. After the requirements and the assumptions are addressed, a modified Diffie-Hellman protocol suitable to instant messaging is presented. The main feature of the proposed protocol is to prevent malicious administrator from intercepting plain message and applying data mining techniques to obtain privacy of end users. From the viewpoint of communication and

  13. Argumentation Logic to Assist in Security Administration One Shields Ave

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    Argumentation Logic to Assist in Security Administration Jeff Rowe UC Davis One Shields Ave Davis, CA 95616 rowe@cs.ucdavis.edu Karl Levitt UC Davis One Shields Ave Davis, CA 95616 levitt@sci.brooklyn.cuny.edu Andrew Applebaum UC Davis One Shields Ave Davis, CA 95616 applebau@ucdavis.edu Sharmin Jalal UC Davis One

  14. Social Security Reform: The United States in 2002

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew A. Samwick

    2002-01-01

    When policy discussions in the United States turn to domestic issues, the focus is often on Social Security and Medicare and the precarious position of their finances. While Social Security's long-term solvency has been an ongoing concern for over twenty-five years, it was only with the report of the 1994-1996 Advisory Council on Social Security that policy discussions formally included

  15. An Examination of Empirical Tests of Social Security and Savings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan J. Auerbach; Laurence J. Kotlikoff

    1984-01-01

    The effect of social security and other forms of government debt on national savings is one of the most widely debated policy questions in economics today. Some estimates suggest that social security has reduced U.S. savings by almost forty percent. This paper examines recent cross-section and time series empirical tests of the social security-savings question and argues that, given current

  16. Social Security and the Texas Farmer.

    E-print Network

    Skrabanek, R. L.; Ducoff, Louis J.

    1959-01-01

    about the program. It was hoped that this procedure would minimize the operator's guessing answers to questions about which he had, in fact, no real , knowledge. In some cases after the knowl~dge I questions had already been skipped, answers... begin drawing OASI retirement payments (Question 10). One of the important deficiencies in knowl- edge about OASI was the number of operators who did not know that they were required by law to pay a Social Security tax if they met cer- + tain...

  17. 42 CFR 403.812 - HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards, and national identifiers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards...CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...Program § 403.812 HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data...

  18. 42 CFR 403.812 - HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards, and national identifiers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 false HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards...CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...Program § 403.812 HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data...

  19. 42 CFR 403.812 - HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards, and national identifiers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards...CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...Program § 403.812 HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data...

  20. 42 CFR 403.812 - HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards, and national identifiers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards...CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...Program § 403.812 HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data...

  1. 42 CFR 403.812 - HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards, and national identifiers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 false HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards...CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...Program § 403.812 HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data...

  2. 76 FR 51358 - National Nuclear Security Administration Amended Record of Decision: Disposition of Surplus...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-18

    ...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Nuclear Security Administration...Statement AGENCY: National Nuclear Security Administration, U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Amended Record...supporting civilian nuclear energy development while...

  3. Social Network Security: A Brief Overview of Risks and Solutions

    E-print Network

    Jain, Raj

    Social network security, social engineering, XSS, CSRF, DoS, stalking, OpenID, Facebook, twitter, Linked friend; there are the mere acquaintances all the way to those with whom we share our deepest secrets

  4. Will Pre-Funding Provide Security for Social Security? A Review of the Literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert L. Brown

    2000-01-01

    President Clinton has proposed creating larger social security funds and investing a portion of them in the private sector. Others have suggested more radical reforms such as moving social security from a defined-benefit scheme to a defined contribution plan based on the Chilean model. These proposals are based on the goal of creating higher investment returns, which would make social

  5. 2014-2015 Verification of Social Security Number & Date of Birth A. STUDENT INFORMATION SPIRE ID#: ____________________

    E-print Network

    Mountziaris, T. J.

    2014-2015 Verification of Social Security Number & Date of Birth A. STUDENT INFORMATION SPIRE ID of these documents must accompany this completed form: · Birth certificate, passport, or driver's license Administration record to be consistent with this information. In order to comply with federal regulations

  6. Social Work Values in Human Services Administration: Implications for Social Work Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Larry D.; Hoefer, Richard

    2014-01-01

    The perceived wisdom in the social work education community, based on empirical research from the 1990s and the early part of this century, says that the master of social work (MSW) degree is not competitive with the master of business administration or the master of public administration to obtain top-level administration jobs in nonprofit…

  7. The opinions of Finnish physicians on social security system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arttu Saarinen

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – Opinions towards social security reflect the interests and ideologies that individuals have. The earlier population-based opinion studies of the welfare state can be utilised when we are creating a theoretical background for examining the physicians' opinions but also physician-specific indicators are needed. The purpose of this paper is to analyse physicians' opinions on social security. Opinions are compared

  8. NAME OR SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER CHANGE Georgia Institute of Technology

    E-print Network

    Weber, Rodney

    NAME OR SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER CHANGE Georgia Institute of Technology Registrar's Office, Atlanta:__________ **** ATTENTION **** NAMES WILL BE CHANGED ONLY IF ONE OF THE FOLOWING ORIGINAL OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS IS SUBMITTED: SOCIAL SECURITY CARD BIRTH CERTIFICATE DIVORCE DECREE MARRIAGE LICENSE COURT ORDERED NAME CHANGE DOCUMENT

  9. Social security arrangements and early-stage entrepreneurial activity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    André van Stel; Peter Brouwer; Sander Wennekers; Jolanda Hessels

    2007-01-01

    This exploratory study defines a number of propositions regarding the relation between social security arrangements and the rate of early-stage entrepreneurial activity at the country level. We state that in investigating this relation it may be relevant to distinguish between social security contributions paid by employers and employees, and to look at micro-based indicators (replacement rates) for the benefits an

  10. Social Security: Strengthening a Vital Safety Net for Latinos

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cruz, Jeff

    2012-01-01

    Since 1935, Social Security has provided a vital safety net for millions of Americans who cannot work because of age or disability. This safety net has been especially critical for Americans of Latino decent, who number more than 50 million or nearly one out of every six Americans. Social Security is critical to Latinos because it is much more…

  11. Social Security for Persons with Disabilities in India

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P Madhava Rao

    While the programmes of Social Security are to guarantee income maintenance or income support, the condition of the disabled persons is somewhat different. Some might have become disabled due to work injury or accident or due to some other contingency during their work life. Such persons have employment related social security schemes in operation in India. However, there are majority

  12. Factors influencing the choice of social security early retirement benefits

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sally Bould

    1986-01-01

    The present research focuses directly on the choice of early retirement Social Security benefits in 1973 for men who responded to the National Retirement History Survey. This focus is more appropriate than examining early retirement more generally when the issue is solvency of the Social Security system and appropriate changes in benefits and eligibility. While this study confirms the important

  13. Social Security and Household Wealth Accumulation: New Microeconomic Evidence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Feldstein; Anthony J. Pellechio

    1980-01-01

    The social security program will pay benefits of more than $100 billion in 1978. Public transfers on this scale are large enough to have profound effects on the behavior of the U.S. economy. The most important effect, although not the only one, is likely to be the impact of social security on private saving and aggregate capital accumulation. The present

  14. Restructuring the Social Security System in Japan: An Overview

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hiroshi Miyajima

    1997-01-01

    Japan's social security system has been highly evaluated by the standards of European and North American countries, so far as its economic or fiscal performance is concerned. However, we are forced today to restructure our social security system in response to a far more rapid aging of our population and a far deeper decline in our economic growth than has

  15. The Social Security Earnings Test and Work Incentives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benitez-Silva, Hugo; Heiland, Frank

    2007-01-01

    The labor supply and benefit claiming incentives provided by the early retirement rules of the Social Security Old Age benefits program are of growing importance as the Normal Retirement Age (NRA) increases to 67, the labor force participation of Older Americans rises, and a variety of reforms to the Social Security system are considered. Any…

  16. 48 CFR 252.222-7004 - Compliance with Spanish social security laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Compliance with Spanish social security laws and regulations...Clauses 252.222-7004 Compliance with Spanish social security laws and regulations...the following clause: Compliance with Spanish Social Security Laws and...

  17. 1 CFR 304.31 - Use and collection of social security numbers and other information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...collection of social security numbers and other information. 304.31 ...collection of social security numbers and other information. The agency...provide their social security numbers, or any other information collected...

  18. 1 CFR 304.31 - Use and collection of social security numbers and other information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...collection of social security numbers and other information. 304.31 ...collection of social security numbers and other information. The agency...provide their social security numbers, or any other information collected...

  19. 1 CFR 304.31 - Use and collection of social security numbers and other information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...collection of social security numbers and other information. 304.31 ...collection of social security numbers and other information. The agency...provide their social security numbers, or any other information collected...

  20. APPLYING FOR A SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER (F-1 OR J-1 *P-1-00209* STUDENTS)

    E-print Network

    Ha, Taekjip

    care to keep your Social Security Number secure and private. Do not carry your Social Security cardAPPLYING FOR A SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER (F-1 OR J-1 *P-1-00209* STUDENTS) Step One: Determine your and Scholar Services · You must then wait 2 days after checking in before applying at the Social Security

  1. Privatizing Social Security: First Round Effects of a Generic, VoluntaryPrivatized U.S. Social Security System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan L. Gustman; Thomas L. Steinmeier

    1995-01-01

    This paper investigates individual responses to a simple scheme to privatize social security. The analysis explores the sensitivity of outcomes to how individuals project life expectancy, how they value spouse and survivor benefits, and to expected future reductions in social security benefits. Depending on assumptions made, first year participation ranges from 20% to almost 100%. Estimated time paths for taxes

  2. Social security and private saving: a reconsideration of the assumptions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adolfo Todó-Rovira; Teodosio Pérez-Amaral

    1988-01-01

    Whether Social Security discourages private saving has been the focus of an ongoing debate since Feldstein's 1974 paper. On that paper he assumes that people expect after-retirement Social Security benefits to increase at an annual real rate of 2%. In this paper, using a wide sample of cross-section data, we estimate people' expected real rate of growth of after-retirement Social

  3. 5 CFR 839.902 - Will my CSRS retirement deductions be used to pay the Social Security taxes for the period of the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    Will my CSRS retirement deductions be used to pay the Social Security taxes for the period of the qualifying retirement coverage error if I was erroneously placed in CSRS and did not pay Social Security taxes? 839.902 Section 839.902 Administrative...

  4. 5 CFR 839.901 - When will my employer begin withholding Social Security taxes if I was erroneously in CSRS during...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    When will my employer begin withholding Social Security taxes if I was erroneously in CSRS during my qualifying retirement coverage error and my corrected coverage will now require me to pay Social Security taxes? 839.901 Section 839.901 Administrative...

  5. Security and privacy in online social networks: A survey

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Prateek Joshi; C.-C. Jay Kuo

    2011-01-01

    Social networking becomes increasingly important due to the recent surge in online interaction. Social network analysis can be used to study the functioning of computer networks, information flow patterns in communities, and emergent behavior of physical and biological systems. In this paper, the mathematical formulation and computational models for security and privacy of social network data are discussed. Several possible

  6. Social Education and Its Administration in Japan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministry of Education, Tokyo (Japan).

    Japanese social education covers all aspects of life, including out-of-school education for children, parents' education in connection with education in the home, etc., from a viewpoint of life-long education. Both governmental and nongovernmental agencies are concerned with the programs. Personnel who are most involved with social education are…

  7. 42 CFR 406.10 - Individual age 65 or over who is entitled to social security or railroad retirement benefits, or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    (2) A qualified railroad retirement beneficiary who has been certified as such to the Social Security Administration by the Railroad Retirement Board in accordance with section 7(d) of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1974;...

  8. Lifetime distributional effects of Social Security retirement benefits.

    PubMed

    Smith, Karen; Toder, Eric; Iams, Howard

    This article presents three measures of the distribution of actual and projected net benefits (benefits minus payroll taxes) from Social Security's Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) for people born between 1931 and 1960. The results are based on simulations with the Social Security Administration's Model of Income in the Near Term (MINT), which projects retirement income through 2020. The base sample for MINT is the U.S. Census Bureau's Survey of Income and Program Participation panels for 1990 to 1993, matched with Social Security administrative records. The study population is grouped into 5-year birth cohorts and then ranked by economic status in three ways. First, the population is divided into five groups on the basis of individual lifetime covered earnings, and their lifetime present values of OASI benefits received and payroll taxes paid are calculated. By this measure, OASI provides much higher benefits to the lowest quintile of earners than to other groups, but it becomes less redistributive toward lower earners in more recent birth cohorts. Second, people are ranked by shared lifetime covered earnings, and the values of shared benefits received and payroll taxes paid are computed. Individuals are assumed to split covered earnings, benefits, and payroll taxes with their spouses in the years they are married. By the shared covered earnings measure, OASI is still much more favorable to persons in the lower income quintiles, although to a lesser degree than when people are ranked by individual covered earnings. OASI becomes more progressive among recent cohorts, even as net lifetime benefits decline for the entire population. Finally, individuals are ranked on the basis of their shared permanent income from age 62, when they become eligible for early retirement benefits, until death. Their annual Social Security benefits are compared with the benefits they would have received if they had saved their payroll taxes in individual accounts and used the proceeds to buy either of two annuities that provide level payments from age 62 until death: a unisex annuity that is based on the average life expectancy of the birth cohort or an age-adjusted annuity that is based on the worker's own life expectancy. On the permanent income measure, OASI is generally more favorable to people in higher income quintiles. Moreover, it is particularly unfavorable to those in the lowest quintile. Because people in the lowest quintile have a shorter life expectancy, they receive OASI benefits for a shorter period. This group would receive greater benefits in retirement if they invested their payroll taxes in the age-adjusted annuity. OASI is more favorable to them than the unisex annuity, however, OASI is becoming more progressive in that the net benefits it provides drop more rapidly among higher income quintiles than lower ones. This article also examines how OASI affects individuals by educational attainment, race, and sex. On both the lifetime covered earnings and the permanent income measures, OASI is more favorable to workers with less education and more favorable to women. The results by race and ethnicity are mixed. When people are ranked by the present value of their shared lifetime covered earnings, OASI appears more favorable to non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics than to non-Hispanic whites. When people are ranked by shared permanent income in retirement, however, OASI produces negative returns for both non-Hispanic blacks and non-Hispanic whites in the most recent birth cohorts, with non-Hispanic blacks faring relatively worse. The changes across cohorts occur partly because of changes in tax rates and benefits, but more importantly because of changing demographics and earnings patterns of the workforce. Of particular importance is the increasing share of beneficiaries who receive worker benefits instead of auxiliary benefits as wives or widows. OASI benefits are based on the lifetime covered earnings of current or former married couples, as well as on earned retirement benefits of individuals. The reduced importance of auxil

  9. American Academy of Actuaries: Social Security News Briefing

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The American Academy of Actuaries reports here on a news briefing held at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C. on Feb. 1, 2005, which addressed options for Social Security reform. At the briefing, Senior Pension Fellow Ron Gebhardtsbauer "talked about the financial and demographic challenges facing the system and reviewed the options for reform." Available from this website are some of the materials presented at the brief, including a fact sheet on social security, a table summarizing some of the options for reform, charts on Social Security's financial challenges, and some questions for reformers which draw on the analytical tools actuaries use to evaluate the impact of various reform proposals. More information on Gebhardtsbauer and a copy of a letter sent to the Social Security trustees regarding "infinite time period" estimates are also posted.

  10. 14 CFR 1212.604 - Social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    (a) It is unlawful for NASA to deny to individuals any rights, benefits, or privileges provided by law because of the individuals' refusal to disclose their social security numbers, except where: (1) The disclosure is required by law;...

  11. CONSENT TO RELEASE EDUCATIONAL RECORDS I, _________________________________, Social Security Number _______________,

    E-print Network

    Qiu, Weigang

    records ____ Financial Aid Office records ____ Other Specify: _______________________________________ 3CONSENT TO RELEASE EDUCATIONAL RECORDS I, _________________________________, Social Security Number records protected under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) as follows: 1. Records

  12. 42 CFR 435.910 - Use of social security number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...to obtain a Social Security Number (SSN). The identification number may be either an SSN obtained...Adheres to the tenets or teachings of the sect or division of...using a national identification number. (3) A State may use...

  13. Effects of public education and social security on fertility

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tatsuya Omori

    2009-01-01

    Introducing a fertility decision and child care cost into an overlapping generations model with public education and social\\u000a security, we examine the effects of these public policies on fertility. We show that an increase in income tax, which finances\\u000a social security benefits and public investment in education, increases fertility. On the other hand, with a constant tax rate,\\u000a a change

  14. Opting Out of Social Security and Adverse Selection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laurence J. Kotlikoff; Kent A. Smetters; Jan Walliser

    1998-01-01

    This paper compares two general methods of privatization social security: forced participation in the new privatized system vs. letting people choose between the new system or staying in social security (i.e., opting out). Simulations are performed using a large scale perfect-foresight OLG simulation model that incorporates both intra-generational and inter-generational heterogeneity. The decision of any agent to opt out is

  15. Security and privacy analysis in social network services

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. C. Pimenta; C. M. de Freitas

    2010-01-01

    The developers of social network services, due to pressure related with short development cycles, costs and usability, often disregard its security and privacy. Thus, they need documental support that provides a quick search concerning the best development habits of these two components. This article shows an updated analysis of security and privacy within these services and presents solutions for specific

  16. Associations between Attachment Security and Social Competence in Preschool Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Veríssimo, Manuela; Santos, António J.; Fernandes, Carla; Vaughn, Brian E.

    2014-01-01

    Attachment theorists suggest that attachment security with parents supports the quality of social adaptation in peer groups during early childhood, and numerous studies supporting this conjecture have been published. Most of these studies used enacted representations rather than mental representations of attachment security, and most studies…

  17. Effect of Social Security Payments on Substance Abuse in a Homeless Mentally Ill Cohort

    PubMed Central

    Rosen, Marc I; McMahon, Thomas J; Lin, HaiQun; Rosenheck, Robert A

    2006-01-01

    Objectives To determine whether receipt of social supplemental security income (SSI) or Social Security disability income (SSDI) disability payments is associated with increased drug and alcohol use. Data Sources/Study Setting Secondary analysis of data from 6,199 participants in the Access to Community Care and Effective Social Supports and Services demonstration for the homeless mentally ill. Design Observational, 12-month, cohort study completed over 4 years. Substance abuse and other outcomes were compared between the participants who did not receive SSI or SSDI during the 12-month study, those newly awarded benefits, and those without benefits throughout the 12 months. Data Collection Methods Social Security administrative records were used to corroborate Social Security benefit status. Drug and alcohol use were measured by self-report and clinician ratings. Principal Findings Participants who did not receive benefits significantly reduced their substance use over time. In generalized estimating equations models that adjusted for potentially confounding covariates, participants who newly received Social Security benefits showed no greater drug use than those without benefits but had significantly more days housed and fewer days employed. Participants whose benefits antedated the demonstration and continued during the 12 months had more clinician-rated drug use over time than those without benefits. Conclusions In this vulnerable population, participants with newly awarded benefits did not have any different drug use changes than those without benefits, and had relatively more days housed. The hypothesis that Social Security benefits facilitate drug use was not supported by longitudinal data in this high-risk population. PMID:16430606

  18. 20 CFR 416.2010 - Essentials of the administration agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 false Essentials of the administration agreements. 416.2010 Section...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR... § 416.2010 Essentials of the administration agreements. (a)...

  19. 20 CFR 416.2005 - Administration agreements with SSA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Administration agreements with SSA. 416.2005...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR...Agreement; Payments § 416.2005 Administration agreements with SSA. (a)...

  20. 20 CFR 416.2010 - Essentials of the administration agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 false Essentials of the administration agreements. 416.2010 Section...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR... § 416.2010 Essentials of the administration agreements. (a)...

  1. 20 CFR 416.2005 - Administration agreements with SSA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Administration agreements with SSA. 416.2005...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR...Agreement; Payments § 416.2005 Administration agreements with SSA. (a)...

  2. 20 CFR 416.2005 - Administration agreements with SSA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Administration agreements with SSA. 416.2005...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR...Agreement; Payments § 416.2005 Administration agreements with SSA. (a)...

  3. 20 CFR 416.2010 - Essentials of the administration agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 false Essentials of the administration agreements. 416.2010 Section...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR... § 416.2010 Essentials of the administration agreements. (a)...

  4. 20 CFR 416.2010 - Essentials of the administration agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false Essentials of the administration agreements. 416.2010 Section...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR... § 416.2010 Essentials of the administration agreements. (a)...

  5. 20 CFR 416.2005 - Administration agreements with SSA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Administration agreements with SSA. 416.2005...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR...Agreement; Payments § 416.2005 Administration agreements with SSA. (a)...

  6. 20 CFR 416.2010 - Essentials of the administration agreements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false Essentials of the administration agreements. 416.2010 Section...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR... § 416.2010 Essentials of the administration agreements. (a)...

  7. 20 CFR 416.2005 - Administration agreements with SSA.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administration agreements with SSA. 416.2005...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR...Agreement; Payments § 416.2005 Administration agreements with SSA. (a)...

  8. A game-theoretical approach to multimedia social networks security.

    PubMed

    Liu, Enqiang; Liu, Zengliang; Shao, Fei; Zhang, Zhiyong

    2014-01-01

    The contents access and sharing in multimedia social networks (MSNs) mainly rely on access control models and mechanisms. Simple adoptions of security policies in the traditional access control model cannot effectively establish a trust relationship among parties. This paper proposed a novel two-party trust architecture (TPTA) to apply in a generic MSN scenario. According to the architecture, security policies are adopted through game-theoretic analyses and decisions. Based on formalized utilities of security policies and security rules, the choice of security policies in content access is described as a game between the content provider and the content requester. By the game method for the combination of security policies utility and its influences on each party's benefits, the Nash equilibrium is achieved, that is, an optimal and stable combination of security policies, to establish and enhance trust among stakeholders. PMID:24977226

  9. 34 CFR 668.36 - Social security number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) under a data match with the Social...number as the one he or she provided on the FAFSA, and the institution has no reason to...student's social security number on the FAFSA, or the institution has reason...

  10. 34 CFR 668.36 - Social security number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) under a data match with the Social...number as the one he or she provided on the FAFSA, and the institution has no reason to...student's social security number on the FAFSA, or the institution has reason...

  11. 34 CFR 668.36 - Social security number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) under a data match with the Social...number as the one he or she provided on the FAFSA, and the institution has no reason to...student's social security number on the FAFSA, or the institution has reason...

  12. Social Security, Private Transfers and Voting Behaviour: the Italian case

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Agar Brugiavini; Jose Ignacio; Conde Ruiz; Vincenzo Galasso

    This paper explores the political sustainability of the current Italian welfare state - in particular of the social security system. Previous studies - see D'Amato and Galasso (2002) for a politico-economic analysis based on a large calibrated model of the Italian economy - suggest that the demographic dynamic of population aging will lead to a larger size of the social

  13. Productivity Growth and the Political Economy of Social Security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Berthold U. Wigger

    2001-01-01

    The present paper provides an analysis of unfunded social securityas the outcome of a public decision making process in an endogenousgrowth economy. It employs a model in which there is a non-monotonic relationship beween productivity growth and the scale ofpublic intergenerational redistribution. The paper shows thatalthough unfunded social security need not harm growth in general,it is likely to harm growth

  14. SAFEGUARDING THE PUBLIC INTEREST IN SOCIAL SECURITY: AN ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andries Nentjes; Edwin Woerdman

    In the previous chapter a distinction was made between the period of building up social se- curity and, from the late 1970s on, its revision. The instruments applied by the government in the two periods are basically the same: regulation of the private sector and bringing the provision of social security under direct government control. The difference between the two

  15. Carbon Disulfide Mediates Socially-Acquired Nicotine Self-Administration

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Tengfei; Chen, Hao

    2014-01-01

    The social environment plays a critical role in smoking initiation as well as relapse. We previously reported that rats acquired nicotine self-administration with an olfactogustatory cue only when another rat consuming the same cue was present during self-administration. Because carbon disulfide (CS2) mediates social learning of food preference in rodents, we hypothesized that socially acquired nicotine self-administration is also mediated by CS2. We tested this hypothesis by placing female adolescent Sprague-Dawley rats in operant chambers equipped with two lickometers. Licking on the active spout meeting a fixed-ratio 10 schedule triggered the concurrent delivery of an i.v. infusion (saline, or 30 µg/kg nicotine, free base) and an appetitive olfactogustatory cue containing CS2 (0–500 ppm). Rats that self-administered nicotine with the olfactogustatory cue alone licked less on the active spout than on the inactive spout. Adding CS2 to the olfactogustatory cue reversed the preference for the spouts. The group that received 500 ppm CS2 and the olfactogustatory cue obtained a significantly greater number of nicotine infusions than other groups. After extinction training, the original self-administration context reinstated nicotine-seeking behavior in all nicotine groups. In addition, in rats that received the olfactogustatory cue and 500 ppm CS2 during SA, a social environment where the nicotine-associated olfactory cue is present, induced much stronger drug-seeking behavior compared to a social environment lacking the olfactogustatory cue. These data established that CS2 is a critical signal that mediates social learning of nicotine self-administration with olfactogustatory cues in rodents. Additionally, these data showed that the social context can further enhance the drug-seeking behavior induced by the drug-taking environment. PMID:25532105

  16. The (Social) Construction of Information Security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wolter Pieters

    2011-01-01

    While the philosophical foundations of information security have been unexamined, there is an implicit philosophy of what protection of information is. This philosophy is based on the notion of containment, taken from analogies with things that offer physical security (e.g., buildings, safes, fences). I argue that this implicit philosophy is unsatisfactory in the current age of increased connectivity, and provide

  17. A DREAM DEFERRED: SOCIAL CITIZENSHIP AND SOCIAL SECURITY IN POST-APARTHEID SOUTH AFRICA A CASE STUDY OF MOUNT FRERE, EASTERN CAPE PROVINCE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jasmine M. Waddell

    Unequal access to constitutionally endowed social security transfers for poor families in South Africa indicates the persistence of selective citizenship entitlements (Taylor, V. 2002). The re-distributive impact of cash transfers has proven to be an effective means of income maintenance in households expressing the greatest need (May, J. 1998a). Studies show that the administration of the child support grant is

  18. The Effects of Social Security on Private Savings: A Reappraisal of the Time Series Evidence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wade Donald Pfau

    2005-01-01

    Section I reviews some of the important contributions using time series evidence to estimate Social Security’s impact on private savings. Essential to these studies is the use of a “Social Security Wealth” (SSW) variable, created by Martin Feldstein (1974), which defines the present value of future discounted Social Security benefits for the entire population under the assumption that each working

  19. Workshop on Education in Computer Security (WECS) Form B: Administrator's Recommendation

    E-print Network

    CISR conducts the Workshop on Education in Computer Security in order to promote information assuranceWorkshop on Education in Computer Security (WECS) Form B: Administrator's Recommendation ___________________________________________ is applying to participate in CISR's Workshop on Education in Computer Security. The selected educators

  20. RT-Based Administrative Models for Community Cyber Security Information Sharing

    E-print Network

    Sandhu, Ravi

    RT-Based Administrative Models for Community Cyber Security Information Sharing Ravi Sandhu, Khalid Zaman Bijon Institute for Cyber Security World-Leading Research with Real Ravi Sandhu, Khalid Zaman Bijon Institute for Cyber Security University of Texas at San Antonio Oct. 15, 2011 International

  1. RT-Based Administrative Models for Community Cyber Security Information Sharing

    E-print Network

    Sandhu, Ravi

    RT-Based Administrative Models for Community Cyber Security Information Sharing Ravi Sandhu, Khalid Zaman Bijon, Xin Jin, and Ram Krishnan Institute for Cyber Security & Department of Computer Science Institute for Cyber Security & Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Texas at San

  2. A meta model for authorisations in application security systems and their integration into RBAC administration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Axel Kern; Martin Kuhlmann; Rainer Kuropka; Andreas Ruthert

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents a new concept for efficient access rights administration and access control. It focuses on the special requirements of application security and reflects experiences from the implementation of security for large industry application systems. Application security shows a considerable inherent complexity due to the large number of combinations of objects and processes for which access rights must be

  3. Contribution of corporate social responsibility to information security management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Theodosios Tsiakis

    2009-01-01

    Contemporary societies develop scepticism about the social responsibility of businesses. There are expectations that firms\\/corporations\\/industries\\/companies make more than just economic contributions. In the area of information technology, more and more companies recognize their responsibility to promote information security management, above and beyond the level required by law, in order to achieve\\/build a secure information society for daily business operations. While

  4. Early retirees under Social Security: health status and economic resources.

    PubMed

    Leonesio, M V; Vaughan, D R; Wixon, B

    2000-01-01

    Some proposals to change the Social Security program to ensure long-run solvency would reduce or eliminate benefits for early retirees. This article documents the health and financial resources of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) beneficiaries aged 62-64. It identifies a substantial minority of early retirees who might be economically vulnerable if either the early eligibility age or normal retirement age was raised. Attention is directed at the extent to which poor health limits work in this age group and the extent to which curtailment of early OASI benefits might lead to increases in the Disability Insurance (DI) program rolls. Using a set of comprehensive health measures, we estimate that over 20 percent of OASI beneficiaries aged 62-64 have health problems that substantially impair their ability to work. This finding implies that in this age range, as many severely disabled persons receive OASI benefits as disability benefits. In fact, 12 percent of early beneficiaries would meet a more stringent criterion for being classified "disabled"--SSA's medical standard for disability benefits. The evidence therefore indicates that OASI functions as a substantial, albeit unofficial, disability program for early retirees. Compared with those who have no health problems or are less severely impaired, early OASI beneficiaries who meet the medical criteria for disability benefits are more likely to be living alone and more likely to be poor or "near poor." The great majority of the group--almost 80 percent--are women. Analysis of their earnings histories suggests that most of these beneficiaries do not satisfy the insured-status requirements for Disability Insurance benefits. The article considers the different roles of the OASI program and the DI program for health-impaired individuals aged 62-64. Disability modelers sometimes overlook an important aspect of program administration. Under customary screening procedures implemented in Social Security field offices, applicants for early OASI benefits who appear to be severely impaired simultaneously apply for DI benefits if they are disability insured. If they are found eligible for DI benefits, those applicants become DI beneficiaries. The implication is that raising the earliest entitlement age would have little impact on the DI rolls. Unless there are changes in eligibility criteria, the DI program would not serve as a safety net for many of the most severely disabled early retirees. PMID:11641984

  5. 20 CFR 410.655 - Effect of Administrative Law Judge's decision.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 410.655 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL COAL...Administrative Review, Finality of Decisions, and Representation of Parties § 410.655 Effect of...provided in section 205(g) of the Social Security Act, as incorporated in...

  6. 24 CFR 5.218 - Penalties for failing to disclose and verify Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...verify Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers. 5.218 Section 5...Social Security Numbers and Employer Identification Numbers; Procedures for Obtaining...Social Security Numbers and Employer Identification Numbers for Applicants and...

  7. 24 CFR 5.218 - Penalties for failing to disclose and verify Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...verify Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers. 5.218 Section 5...Social Security Numbers and Employer Identification Numbers; Procedures for Obtaining...Social Security Numbers and Employer Identification Numbers for Applicants and...

  8. Oxytocin administration, salivary testosterone, and father-infant social behavior.

    PubMed

    Weisman, Omri; Zagoory-Sharon, Orna; Feldman, Ruth

    2014-03-01

    The growing involvement of fathers in childcare is followed by an increased interest in the neurobiology of fatherhood; yet, experimental work on the neuroendocrine basis of paternal care in humans is limited. The steroid Testosterone (T) and the neuropeptide Oxytocin (OT) have each been implicated in complex social behavior including parenting. However, no study to date explored the interaction between these two hormones in the context of fathering. In the current study we first test the relationship between father's basal salivary T and father and infant's social behaviors during parent-child interaction. Second, we examine the effects of intranasal OT administration on father's T production, and, finally, address the relations between OT-induced change in father's T with father-infant social behavior. Thirty-five fathers and their infants participated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, within-subject study. Father-infant interaction was micro-coded for paternal and infant social behavior and synchrony was measured as the coordination between their gaze, affect, and vocalizations. Father's salivary T levels were measured at baseline and three times after administration. Results indicate that lower baseline T correlated with more optimal father and infant's behaviors. OT administration altered T production in fathers, relative to the pattern of T in the placebo condition. Finally, OT-induced change in T levels correlated with parent-child social behaviors, including positive affect, social gaze, touch, and vocal synchrony. Findings support the view that neuroendocrine systems in human males evolved to support committed parenting and are the first to describe the dynamic interactions between OT and T within a bio-behavioral synchrony model. PMID:24252717

  9. The decision to exclude agricultural and domestic workers from the 1935 Social Security Act.

    PubMed

    DeWitt, Larry

    2010-01-01

    The Social Security Act of 1935 excluded from coverage about half the workers in the American economy. Among the excluded groups were agricultural and domestic workers-a large percentage of whom were African Americans. This has led some scholars to conclude that policymakers in 1935 deliberately excluded African Americans from the Social Security system because of prevailing racial biases during that period. This article examines both the logic of this thesis and the available empirical evidence on the origins of the coverage exclusions. The author concludes that the racial-bias thesis is both conceptually flawed and unsupported by the existing empirical evidence. The exclusion of agricultural and domestic workers from the early program was due to considerations of administrative feasibility involving tax-collection procedures. The author finds no evidence of any other policy motive involving racial bias. PMID:21261169

  10. 36 CFR 1202.22 - Will NARA need my Social Security Number?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Will NARA need my Social Security Number? 1202...Collecting Information § 1202.22 Will NARA need my Social Security Number? (a) Before a NARA employee or NARA contractor asks you...

  11. Impact of social capital on food security in southeast Uganda

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Haroon Sseguya

    2009-01-01

    Assuring food security in Uganda is a fundamental challenge that the government and development agencies face. Recent analyses indicate that some successes have been achieved, but food insecurity gaps still exist, with implications for more concerted investments in a multiplicity of community assets to achieve better results. This study assessed whether social capital is a key asset for achievement of

  12. Ensuring a Minimum: Social Security Reform and Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herd, Pamela

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: The potential effects of implementing three different minimum benefits in Social Security, which have accompanied proposals to privatize the program and reform family benefits, are examined in relation to the adequacy of benefits for women reaching age 62 between 2020 and 2030. Design and Methods: The 1992 Health and Retirement Study is…

  13. 49 CFR 10.29 - Social Security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    (a) No individual is denied any right, benefit, or privilege provided by law because of such individual's refusal to disclose his Social Security account number. (b) The provisions of paragraph (a) of this section do not apply to: (1) Any disclosure which is required by Federal statute;...

  14. 49 CFR 10.29 - Social Security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    (a) No individual is denied any right, benefit, or privilege provided by law because of such individual's refusal to disclose his Social Security account number. (b) The provisions of paragraph (a) of this section do not apply to: (1) Any disclosure which is required by Federal statute;...

  15. 49 CFR 10.29 - Social Security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    (a) No individual is denied any right, benefit, or privilege provided by law because of such individual's refusal to disclose his Social Security account number. (b) The provisions of paragraph (a) of this section do not apply to: (1) Any disclosure which is required by Federal statute;...

  16. 49 CFR 10.29 - Social Security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    (a) No individual is denied any right, benefit, or privilege provided by law because of such individual's refusal to disclose his Social Security account number. (b) The provisions of paragraph (a) of this section do not apply to: (1) Any disclosure which is required by Federal statute;...

  17. Retooling Social Security for the 21st century.

    PubMed

    Steuerle, C E; Bakija, J M

    1997-01-01

    Because of the imbalance between promised benefits and available taxes, some reform of Social Security is inevitable. At the same time, perceptions of Social Security are changing rapidly as it moves away from a system where all recipients--whether rich or poor--received more in benefits than they paid in taxes, and where those who were richer consistently received larger net transfers than those who were poorer. Reform is most likely to succeed if it returns to basic principles such as progressivity, equity, and efficiency. Although these principles sometime conflict, they also provide much common ground. For example, if Social Security is meant to meet the greatest needs of the elderly, then increasing the retirement age (which mainly affects the younger and richer elderly) would be preferable to removal of the cost-of-living adjustment (which mainly affects the older and poorer elderly). Efficiency and equity principles, in turn, call attention to some groups--second earners in households, those with few employee tax preferences, those who work many years, and elderly workers--whose net benefits are lower than others who should have less claim to Social Security resources. PMID:9347589

  18. Social Security Disability Insurance: Time for Fundamental Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burkhauser, Richard V.; Daly, Mary C.

    2012-01-01

    The Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) program is growing at an unsustainable pace. Over the past 40 years the number of disabled worker beneficiaries has increased nearly sixfold, rising from 1.5 million in 1970 to 8.2 million in 2010. Rapid growth in the rolls has put increasing pressure on program finances. The rapid rise in SSDI…

  19. Constitutional Commitment to Social Security and Welfare Policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Avi Ben-Bassat; Momi Dahan

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we explore whether the constitutional text has any practical meaning for welfare policy. To examine the empirical importance of the constitution, we first constructed for 68 countries an index of constitutional commitment to social security in five areas: Old Age, disability and survivors (OASDI), Unemployment, Sickness, Work Injury and Income Support. We find that the extent and

  20. Caregiver Sensitivity, Contingent Social Responsiveness, and Secure Infant Attachment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunst, Carl J.; Kassow, Danielle Z.

    2008-01-01

    Findings from two research syntheses of the relationship between caregiver sensitivity and secure infant attachment and one research synthesis of factors associated with increased caregiver use of a sensitive interactional style are presented. The main focus of analysis was the extent to which different measures of caregiver contingent social

  1. Social security versus private retirement accounts: a historical analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas A. Garrett; Russell M. Rhine

    2005-01-01

    This paper compares Social Security benefits relative to those paid from private investments: specifically, whether 2003 retirees would gain more retirement income if they had invested their payroll taxes in private accounts during their working years. Three different retirement ages and four possible earnings levels are considered for two private investments-6-month CDs or the S&P 500. On average, the results

  2. Is there any gain from social security privatization?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shiyu Li; Shuanglin Lin

    2011-01-01

    Increasing calls for a social security reform of switching from the pay-as-you-go (PAYG) system to a funded system has been seen in recent decades. This paper examines the effect of this reform on capital accumulation and the welfare of each generation. Three methods are used to finance the pension debt, government debt financing, tax financing, and government asset financing. With

  3. International developments in social security privatization: What risk to women?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James H. Schulz; Linda Rosenman; Sara E. Rix

    1999-01-01

    Throughout the world, older women are generally poorer than men. In an era when Social Security programs are increasingly under challenge by advocates of savings and pension schemes administered by the private sector, there is a need to assess the relative advantages of different public\\/private approaches for dealing with older women's financial needs. What would happen to women if more

  4. Social Security Privatization: Lessons From The United Kingdom

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John B. Williamson

    2002-01-01

    This study draws lessons for the debate about the proposed partial privatization of Social Security in the United States based on evidence from the United Kingdom. The British case suggests that privatization may lead to a reduction in the pension burden on the national budget if combined with substantial cuts in benefits. Such reforms may have positive effects on the

  5. THE ROLE OF SOCIAL SECURITY PRIVATIZATION IN ARGENTINA'S ECONOMIC CRISIS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dean Baker; Mark Weisbrot

    2002-01-01

    In July of 1994, with the strong support of the World Bank, Argentina partially privatized its Social Security system.2 In December of last year, Argentina finally removed its currency from its peg with the dollar, and halted payments on its debt, after four years of recession. These moves came in response to a situation that had clearly become untenable. The

  6. Social Security Reform in Japan in the 21st Century

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Toshiaki Tachibanaki

    The paper examined and discussed several problems of pension programs in Japan which are caused by aging trend in the age-population structure. In particular, it examined several policy reforms in the public pension programs, and the role of firms in welfare provisions. The paper presented two major reforms in social security in Japan. The first one is to switch the

  7. Social security, life insurance and annuities for families

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jay H. Hong; José-Víctor Ríos-Rull

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we ask whether an aspect of social security, namely its role as a provider of insurance against uncertain life spans, is welfare enhancing. To this end we use an OLG model where agents have a bequest motive and differ in sex and marital status and where families are formed and destroyed and their characteristics evolve (exogenously) according

  8. Optimal fiscal policy in the design of Social Security reforms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Juan Carlos Conesa; Carlos Garriga

    2007-01-01

    The quantitative macroeconomics literature has documented that in the basic Overlapping Generations model a privatization of the social security system, going from a Pay-As-You-Go to a Fully Funded system, generates large long run welfare gains at the cost of substantial welfare losses for initial generations. We propose an alternative to previous literature. In this paper we maximize over the entire

  9. Endogenous fertility, altruistic behavior across generations, and social security systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aloys Prinz

    1990-01-01

    The present paper explores the impact of an intergenerational externality on private fertility decisions, under a pay-as-you-go social security system. The analysis is performed in the framework of a steady state growth model, with overlapping generations. To explain why households have children, altruism between parents and children is assumed. Surprisingly, the effects of altruism are not symmetric. The private fertility

  10. Social Security Reform and Intergenerational Redistribution in Germany

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Reinhold Schnabel

    1997-01-01

    This paper calculates intergenerational distribution effects of a reform of the German public old age social security program (äGesetzliche Rentenversicherung''). The paper first presents the key features of the public pension system and describes the effects of holding the contribution rate constant on the replacement rate. This rate may be a misleading measure of intergenerational distribution since it does not

  11. Challenging the Third Rail: Iconography and Social Security Reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark C. Mitschow

    2001-01-01

    The Social Security system is expected to go bankrupt in approximately 2032. The debate on how to reform the system currently revolves around the issue of privatization. Advocates of privatization claim that allowing individuals to invest some of their SSI contributions would provide greater returns and protect the system from insolvency. Opponents of privatization argue that such a move would

  12. Social Security, Life Insurance and Annuities for Families

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jay H. Hong; Jose-Victor Rios-Rull

    2006-01-01

    We revisit the issue of the usefulness of Social Security when there are frictions that prevent the existence of a fluid market for annuities. We model households as families and not as individual agents which provides a rationale for the existence of life insurance. Moreover, our structure also allows us to incorporate altruism towards dependents, providing for a unified picture

  13. A test of interventions for security threats from social engineering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Workman

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – Recently, the role of human behavior has become a focal point in the study of information security countermeasures. However, few empirical studies have been conducted to test social engineering theory and the reasons why people may or may not fall victim, and even fewer have tested recommended treatments. Building on theory using threat control factors, the purpose of

  14. 20 CFR 422.104 - Who can be assigned a social security number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...without authority to work in the U.S., if... (i) You need a social security number to satisfy... If we assign you a social security number as an...are not authorized to work. We will also mark your social security card with a...

  15. 20 CFR 422.104 - Who can be assigned a social security number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...without authority to work in the U.S., if... (i) You need a social security number to satisfy... If we assign you a social security number as an...are not authorized to work. We will also mark your social security card with a...

  16. 20 CFR 422.104 - Who can be assigned a social security number.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...without authority to work in the U.S., if... (i) You need a social security number to satisfy... If we assign you a social security number as an...are not authorized to work. We will also mark your social security card with a...

  17. Social security and the rise in health spending: a macroeconomic analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kai Zhao

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, I develop a quantitative macroeconomic model with endogenous health and endogenous longevity and use it to study the impact of Social Security on aggregate health spending. I find that Social Security increases the aggregate health spending of the economy via two channels. First, Social Security transfers resources from the young with low marginal propensity to spend on

  18. Distributional Effects in a General Equilibrium Analysis of Social Security Laurence J. Kotlikoff

    E-print Network

    Spence, Harlan Ernest

    , when America's aging is considered, the long-run gains to Social Security's privatization are greater losses to transition generations. Second, Social Security's privatization helps the long- run poor evenDistributional Effects in a General Equilibrium Analysis of Social Security by Laurence J

  19. Partial Privatization of Social Security: Assessing Its Effect on Women, Minorities, and Lower-Income Workers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathryn L. Moore

    2000-01-01

    Once viewed as the “third rail” of politics, Social Security appears to be moving inexorably toward reform. In his 1998 State of the Union address, President Clinton proclaimed strengthening Social Security a high priority and called for bipartisan forums on Social Security reform to be held throughout the United States. Similarly, following the 1998 November elections, congressional leaders expressed commitment

  20. Name: U of M ID number: Social Security number: Date of birth

    E-print Network

    Amin, S. Massoud

    is private. Except for social security number, which is voluntary, all information requested on this formName: U of M ID number: Social Security number: Date of birth: Phone (home): Phone (other-Manitoba reciprocity fee status will be granted. Failure to provide your social security number will have no effect

  1. Completing the Reimbursement Form 1) Please complete the form with social security number, home address and

    E-print Network

    Shapiro, Benjamin

    Completing the Reimbursement Form 1) Please complete the form with social security number, home/N) : FRS ACCOUNT SOCIAL SECURITY NO FIRST NAME AND MIDDLE INITIAL LAST NAME* * SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER MUST. "FULL RATE" PRIVATE AUTO MILEAGEe " HALF RATE" PRIVATE AUTO MILEAGE * ORIGINAL RECEIPTS MUST BE OBTAINED

  2. Social Security and the Private Pension System: The Significance of Integrated Plans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pamela J. Perun

    2002-01-01

    Since the enactment of Social Security, the concept of ³integration² with Social Security has been a feature of the private pension system. Integration permits employers to take their contributions to Social Security into account and reduce the benefits of low-paid workers in their tax-qualified retirement plans. Prior studies suggest that (1) integration is declining among defined benefit plans and (2)

  3. Characteristics of and determinants of the density of contributions in a Private Social Security System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alberto Arenas de Mesa; Jere Behrman; David Bravo

    2001-01-01

    This paper investigates previously unresearched issues pertaining to the well-known Chilean innovations in Social Security. Previous empirical studies of the Chilean system used aggregate and macro data, without attention to individual heterogeneity. This study uses new household survey data, linked with Social Security records for over 20 years, to analyze selected reform issues related to social security coverage and the

  4. Security and Privacy in Online Social Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cutillo, Leucio Antonio; Manulis, Mark; Strufe, Thorsten

    Social Network Services (SNS) are currently drastically revolutionizing the way people interact, thus becoming de facto a predominant service on the web, today.1 The impact of this paradigm change on socioeconomic and technical aspects of collaboration and interaction is comparable to that caused by the deployment of World Wide Web in the 1990s.

  5. Social Security, Macroeconomic Risk, and General Equilibrium

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Peter Broer

    This paper studies the interaction between macro-economic risks, and paygo social secu- rity. For this, it uses an applied general equilibrium model with overlapping generations of risk-averse households. Important sources of risk are productivity shocks and capital return shocks. The risk profile of pensions diers from that of financial assets, because pensions are linked partially to future wage rates and

  6. Poll: Support for Social Security and Public Pension Reforms Not Strong, Opposition to President's Handling of Social Security Increased

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amy Qiaoming Liu; D. Jacqueline Carrigan; Britte H. Livingston

    Like the public in California (71%) and in the United States (72%), more than seventy percent (71%) of residents in the Sacramento region think the Social Security program is either in crisis (23%) or has major problems (48%). Only three percent say the program has no problems. This is very similar to the perception of other Californians (71%) and Americans

  7. National Nuclear Security Administration Knowledge Base Core Table Schema Document

    SciTech Connect

    CARR,DORTHE B.

    2002-09-01

    The National Nuclear Security Administration is creating a Knowledge Base to store technical information to support the United States nuclear explosion monitoring mission. This document defines the core database tables that are used in the Knowledge Base. The purpose of this document is to present the ORACLE database tables in the NNSA Knowledge Base that on modifications to the CSS3.0 Database Schema developed in 1990. (Anderson et al., 1990). These modifications include additional columns to the affiliation table, an increase in the internal ORACLE format from 8 integers to 9 integers for thirteen IDs, and new primary and unique key definitions for six tables. It is intended to be used as a reference by researchers inside and outside of NNSA/DOE as they compile information to submit to the NNSA Knowledge Base. These ''core'' tables are separated into two groups. The Primary tables are dynamic and consist of information that can be used in automatic and interactive processing (e.g. arrivals, locations). The Lookup tables change infrequently and are used for auxiliary information used by the processing. In general, the information stored in the core tables consists of: arrivals; events, origins, associations of arrivals; magnitude information; station information (networks, site descriptions, instrument responses); pointers to waveform data; and comments pertaining to the information. This document is divided into four sections, the first being this introduction. Section two defines the sixteen tables that make up the core tables of the NNSA Knowledge Base database. Both internal (ORACLE) and external formats for the attributes are defined, along with a short description of each attribute. In addition, the primary, unique and foreign keys are defined. Section three of the document shows the relationships between the different tables by using entity-relationship diagrams. The last section, defines the columns or attributes of the various tables. Information that is included is the Not Applicable (NA) value, the format of the data and the applicable range for the attribute.

  8. 45 CFR 1336.67 - Security and collateral: Responsibilities of the Loan Administrator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS Native Hawaiian Revolving Loan Fund Demonstration Project § 1336.67 Security and...

  9. 45 CFR 1336.67 - Security and collateral: Responsibilities of the Loan Administrator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS Native Hawaiian Revolving Loan Fund Demonstration Project § 1336.67 Security and...

  10. 45 CFR 1336.67 - Security and collateral: Responsibilities of the Loan Administrator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS Native Hawaiian Revolving Loan Fund Demonstration Project § 1336.67 Security and...

  11. 45 CFR 1336.67 - Security and collateral: Responsibilities of the Loan Administrator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS Native Hawaiian Revolving Loan Fund Demonstration Project § 1336.67 Security and...

  12. Security and Privacy in Online Social Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leucio Antonio Cutillo; Mark Manulis; Thorsten Strufe

    2010-01-01

    \\u000a \\u000a Social Network Services (SNS) are currently drastically revolutionizing the way people interact, thus becoming de facto a predominant service on the web, today.1 The impact of this paradigm change on socioeconomic and technical aspects of collaboration and interaction is comparable\\u000a to that caused by the deployment of World Wide Web in the 1990s.

  13. Security Informatics Security Informatics

    E-print Network

    Camp, L. Jean

    Security Informatics Security Informatics Security Informatics is the study and design of information security technologies within social and economic contexts. Security Informatics builds upon strong of security and privacy. Security Informatics addresses both immediate problems of today, such as phishing

  14. UTS165 Information Resources Use and Security Policy UT System Administration Policy Library --Policy UTS165

    E-print Network

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    that Information Resources residing in the various institutions of higher education of state government and state and federal laws regarding the management and security of Information Resources; and, educateUTS165 Information Resources Use and Security Policy 1 UT System Administration Policy Library

  15. MAINTAINING HIGH RESOLUTION MASS SPECTROMETRY CAPABILITIES FOR NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMINISTRATION APPLICATIONS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Wyrick; J. Cordaro; G. Reeves; J. Mcintosh; C. Mauldin; K. Tietze; D. Varble

    2011-01-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has a specialized need for analyzing low mass gas species at very high resolutions. The currently preferred analytical method is electromagnetic sector mass spectrometry. This method allows the NNSA Nuclear Security Enterprise (NSE) to resolve species of similar masses down to acceptable minimum detection limits (MDLs). Some examples of these

  16. Constitutional background to the Social Security Act of 1935.

    PubMed

    Lopez, E A

    1987-01-01

    In June 1937, the Senate Judiciary Committee reported unfavorably on Roosevelt's Court-packing plan and the bill was effectively killed. In the same month, Justice Van Devanter retired and gave Roosevelt his first opportunity to make an appointment to the Supreme Court. Over the following 6 years, Roosevelt made seven more appointments to the Court, and in the years that followed the Court continued in the direction boldly advanced in the spring of 1937. A residual effect of the taxing-spending construction of the old-age insurance provisions of the Social Security Act of 1935 has been the Court's continued adherence to the view that social security programs consist of separate taxing and spending provisions and are not, constitutionally speaking, social insurance programs. The issue has arisen in both a due process context and an equal protection context. But it is unlikely that the decisions reached in these contexts would have been different had the old-age insurance program been drafted as an earned-benefits program pursuant to the commerce power. Of course, the Court's decisions in the social security cases represented a significant constitutional development in establishing the breadth of Congress' powers to tax and spend for the general welfare. The decisions not only cleared the way for other general welfare programs, but more fundamentally provided the Federal Government with the substantive power and institutional flexibility to respond to the changing needs of the Nation. PMID:3547702

  17. The impact of immigration on the United States social security system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alfred A. Jarrett; Shelley Wyckoff; Roosevelt Wilmore

    1997-01-01

    Immigration is a controversial subject in United Stales politics This chapter addressed the impact immigrants inflicted on United States Social Security system To ascertain llie objective of the aforementioned topic, these topical areas were addressed: demographic distribution, language, religion economic status, social issues and problems United States a nation of immigrants, origin of the Social Security system, social amenities and

  18. Network Security: What Non-Technical Administrators Must Know

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council, Chip

    2005-01-01

    Now it is increasingly critical that community college leaders become involved in network security and partner with their directors of information technology (IT). Network security involves more than just virus protection software and firewalls. It involves vigilance and requires top executive support. Leaders can help their IT directors to…

  19. National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Automated Information Security Handbook

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Roback, E.

    1991-01-01

    The NASA Automated Information Security Handbook provides NASA's overall approach to automated information systems security including discussions of such aspects as: program goals and objectives, assignment of responsibilities, risk assessment, foreign national access, contingency planning and disaster recovery, awareness training, procurement, certification, planning, and special considerations for microcomputers.

  20. [Social security system for patients with rheumatoid arthritis in Japan].

    PubMed

    Murasawa, Akira

    2013-07-01

    Support system for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a wide variety, such as the health care, the medical economy, the environment, and mental activity. Among these measures, the laws called the social security system are defined. These systems consist of social insurance (medical insurance, long-term care insurance, pension insurance), social welfare (welfare for the disabled) and public health (measures for intractable diseases). As social support under total management of RA, patients can receive mitigation measures and subsidies (physically disabled person's certificate, high-cost medical care, etc.) for high medical expenses at use of biological products, hospitalization and surgery. Furthermore long-term care insurance and disability pension can be used as a further support of home care. PMID:23961682

  1. 29.01.03. M1.19 Information Resources Security Awareness Training Page 1 of 2 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-print Network

    29.01.03. M1.19 Information Resources ­ Security Awareness Training Page 1 of 2 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.19 Information Resources ­ Security Awareness and Training Approved July 18 Administrative Procedure Statement Understanding the importance of information security and individual

  2. Social Security Appeals Tribunals and the Industrial Injury Scheme

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Lewis

    1990-01-01

    This article deals with the main questions facing a Social Security Appeal Tribunal (S.S.A.T.) when considering entitlement to benefit under the industrial injuries compensation scheme. It gives a basic description of the scheme in an attempt to provide a birds-eye view as to how it operates. It aims to provide guidance not only for tribunal members, but also for claimants

  3. Social Security Privatization and African AmericansA Comparative Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ferdinand C. Nwafor

    2005-01-01

    Social Security (SS) was formulated on a pay-as-you-go basis. Thus, current workers’ contributions fund retired workers’ benefits. As baby boomers begin to retire, the contribution-to-benefit ratio would decline significantly. In response, some advocates of reform have been proposing privatization of the SS system. Specifically, for African Americans whose retirement incomes are highly dependent on SS incomes, the question of how

  4. Social Security Privatization with Income-Mortality Correlation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shinichi Nishiyama; Kent Smetters

    2006-01-01

    While privatizing Social Security can improve labor supply incentives, it can also reduce risk sharing. We simulate a 50-percent privatization using an overlapping-generations model where heterogeneous agents with elastic labor supply face idiosyncratic earnings shocks and longevity uncertainty. When wage shocks are insurable, privatization produces about $30,100 of extra resources for each future household after all transitional losses have been

  5. Has Pharmaceutical Innovation Reduced Social Security Disability Growth?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frank R. Lichtenberg

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes longitudinal state-level data during the period 1995–2004 to investigate whether use of newer prescription drugs has reduced the ratio of the number of workers receiving Social Security Disability Insurance benefits to the working-age population (the “DI recipiency rate”). All of the estimates indicate that there is a significant inverse relationship between disability recipiency and a good indicator

  6. Individual Risk in an Investment-Based Social Security System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Feldstein; Elena Ranguelova

    2001-01-01

    This paper examines the risk aspects of an investment-based defined contribution Social Security plan. We focus on the risk after the plan is fully phased in. Individuals deposit a fraction of wages to a Personal Retirement Account (PRA), invest these funds in a 60:40 equity-debt mix, and in a similarly invested annuity at age 67. The value of the assets

  7. Social Factors Influencing the Information Security Maturity of Malaysian Public Service Organisation: An Empirical Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Suhazimah Dzazali

    2006-01-01

    Information security maturity is the measurement of the organisation’s capability to remain secure. This article focuses on the social aspect of the management approach as part of a larger study that uses a socio-technical theory as a basis for analysing the relationship between the social and technical factors in the information security management system of Malaysian Public Service organisations. The

  8. [Family medicine and practice in the Mexican Social Security Institute].

    PubMed

    Casas Patiño, Donovan; Jarillo Soto, Edgar; Rodríguez Torres, Alejandra

    2014-01-01

    The central ideas of this research paper are related to the practice of family medicine as a specialty. It focuses in its origins, problems, unique characteristics, limitations, scope, management, and processes within the context of primary care of the Mexican Social Security System. This approach was based on a qualitative, hermeneutical study closely related to the Structural Functionalism Theory. Within this framework, medical practice is seen as an equation: Meaning = action + function/structure. This offers an approach to the understanding of reality through surveys and observations in five categories: identity, activity, purpose, values/norms, and power/relationship. The practice of family medicine is defined as a medical act in the Mexican Social Security Institute. This act is limited to a brief encounter and a prescription, which makes it a short, fleeting, medicalized interaction. The result is a negative social imaginary of the physician, the patient and the whole of society. Thus, individuals and society host a negative social imaginary bestowed on doctors and users of the health system. PMID:25375148

  9. 75 FR 18867 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security Transportation Security Administration-011...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-13

    ...Security Intelligence Service Operations Files Systems of Records AGENCY: Privacy Office...Security Intelligence Service Operations Files previously published on December 10, 2004...Intelligence Service (TSIS) Operations Files System of Records (69 FR 71828,...

  10. Consequences of means testing Social Security: evidence from the SSI program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Neumark; Elizabeth Powers

    1996-01-01

    A treatise that draws inferences about the potential behavorial responses to means testing Social Security by examining the effects of the Supplementary Security Income program for the aged on wealth accumulation and employment.

  11. Private support and social securityPrivate support and social security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frans van Dijk

    1998-01-01

    .   The issue is addressed whether assistance to persons in need can be left to the ‘family’ and the ‘community’. In that case\\u000a people depend on their social networks. The support a person receives through a given network of social ties is examined.\\u000a However, ties are diverse and subject to change. By means of a model of the dynamics of

  12. Lessons for an ageing society: the political sustainability of social security systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vincenzo Galasso; Paola Profeta

    2004-01-01

    SUMMARYPolitics, ageing and pensionsWhat is the future of social security systems in OECD countries? We suggest that the answer belongs to the realm of politics, and evaluate how political constraints and ageing shape the social security system. The increasing ratio of retirees to workers lowers the rate of returns of unfunded pay-as-you-go social security, and induces citizens to prefer smaller

  13. Technical and administrative cyber security issues with implementation of a SCADA security upgrade

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Fulton

    2005-01-01

    The paper discusses the relative perspective of corporate IT and real time system when addressing SCADA cyber security issues. Outlines is the evolution of these positions during the progress of a project delivering SCADA cyber security policies, procedures, standards, guidelines and physical infrastructure.

  14. LifeSocial.KOM: A secure and P2P-based solution for online social networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kalman Graffi; Christian Gross; Dominik Stingl; Daniel Hartung; Aleksandra Kovacevic; Ralf Steinmetz

    2011-01-01

    The phenomenon of online social networks reaches millions of users in the Internet nowadays. In these, users present themselves, their interests and their social links which they use to interact with other users. We present in this paper LifeSocial.KOM, a p2p-based platform for secure online social networks which provides the functionality of common online social networks in a totally distributed

  15. The assessment of Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) benefit data using longitudinal administrative records

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Minh Huynh; Kalman Rupp; James Sears

    Using Social Security Administration administrative records matched to the 1993 and 1996 SIPP panels, we assess discrepancies in reports of benefit receipt and benefit amounts for four sample months. The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) \\

  16. 77 FR 70795 - Privacy Act of 1974; Retirement of Department of Homeland Security Transportation Security...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-27

    ...Homeland Security Transportation Security Administration System of Records...Homeland Security/ Transportation Security Administration-012 Transportation...Homeland Security/ Transportation Security Administration-002...

  17. Asset Allocation and Risk Allocation: Can Social Security Improve Its Future Solvency Problem by Investing in Private Securities?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas E. MaCurdy; John B. Shoven

    1999-01-01

    This paper examines the economics of investing the central trust fund of Social Security in private securities. We note that switching from a policy of having the trust fund invest solely in special issue Treasury bonds to one where some of the portfolio holds common stocks amounts to an asset swap. Such an asset swap does not increase national saving,

  18. Assessment of packaging needs for the National Nuclear Security Administration's Office of Defense Programs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Henry Zeuch; Robert A. Watson

    2003-01-01

    This report documents a study by Sandia's Systems Analysis Group to assess the status of, and need for, shipping containers to support the mission of National Nuclear Security Administration's Office of Defense Program. The focus of the study evolved into determining the status of existing packages relative to Federal Regulations for the Department of Transportation and Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Proposed

  19. Design of cyber security awareness game utilizing a social media framework

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. A. Labuschagne; I. Burke; N. Veerasamy; M. M. Eloff

    2011-01-01

    Social networking sites are a popular medium of interaction and communication. Social networking sites provide the ability to run applications and games to test users' knowledge. The popularity of social networks makes it an ideal tool through which awareness can be created on existing and emerging security threats. This paper proposes an interactive game hosted by social networking sites with

  20. a Control number d Employee's social security number 1 Wages, tips, other compensation 2 Federal income tax withheld c Employer's name, address, and ZIP Code b Employer's identification 4 Social security tax withheld 4 Social security tax withheld

    E-print Network

    Fainman, Yeshaiahu

    : Employee's name, address, and Zip code: Wages, tips, other compensation: Federal income tax withhelda Control number d Employee's social security number 1 Wages, tips, other compensation 2 Federal income tax withheld c Employer's name, address, and ZIP Code b Employer's identification 4 Social

  1. Becoming an Administrator: The Socialization of an Assistant Principal through an Autoethnographic Lens

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lattuca, F. Patrick, III.

    2012-01-01

    This study is part of a limited but growing body of research that examines and describes the social side of public school administration. Most training programs that prepare public school administrators are highly effective with regard to providing students the theoretical foundation that surrounds administrative roles. But as the literature…

  2. Research Administration & Finance Tip of the Week

    E-print Network

    Salama, Khaled

    Of Defense 12.XXX DOT Department Of Transportation 20.XXX NASA National Aeronautics And Space Administration Services 93.XXX SSA Social Security Administration 96.XXX DHS Department Of Homeland Security 97.XXXResearch Administration & Finance Tip of the Week Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA

  3. 20 CFR 229.10 - What the social security overall minimum guarantee is.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    The social security overall minimum guarantee is the amount of total family benefits which would be paid under the Social Security Act if the employee's railroad service had been covered by that Act. A 100 percent overall minimum benefit may be paid, as described in §...

  4. 22 CFR 308.7 - Use of social security account number in records systems. [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    22 ? Foreign Relations ? 2 ? 2011-04-01 ? 2009-04-01 ? true ? Use of social security account number in records systems. [Reserved] ? 308.7 ? Section 308.7 ? Foreign Relations ? PEACE CORPS ? IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 ? § 308.7 ? Use of social security account number in...

  5. 20 CFR 229.10 - What the social security overall minimum guarantee is.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    The social security overall minimum guarantee is the amount of total family benefits which would be paid under the Social Security Act if the employee's railroad service had been covered by that Act. A 100 percent overall minimum benefit may be paid, as described in §...

  6. 20 CFR 235.3 - Who is paid social security benefits by the Board.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    (c) A divorced wife or husband of a railroad employee who has been credited with at least 120 months of railroad service, but only if the divorced wife or husband is claiming social security benefits based upon the railroad employee's social security...

  7. 20 CFR 235.3 - Who is paid social security benefits by the Board.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    (c) A divorced wife or husband of a railroad employee who has been credited with at least 120 months of railroad service, but only if the divorced wife or husband is claiming social security benefits based upon the railroad employee's social security...

  8. 22 CFR 308.7 - Use of social security account number in records systems. [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    22 ? Foreign Relations ? 2 ? 2013-04-01 ? 2009-04-01 ? true ? Use of social security account number in records systems. [Reserved] ? 308.7 ? Section 308.7 ? Foreign Relations ? PEACE CORPS ? IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 ? § 308.7 ? Use of social security account number in...

  9. 20 CFR 229.10 - What the social security overall minimum guarantee is.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    The social security overall minimum guarantee is the amount of total family benefits which would be paid under the Social Security Act if the employee's railroad service had been covered by that Act. A 100 percent overall minimum benefit may be paid, as described in §...

  10. 22 CFR 308.7 - Use of social security account number in records systems. [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    22 ? Foreign Relations ? 2 ? 2014-04-01 ? 2014-04-01 ? false ? Use of social security account number in records systems. [Reserved] ? 308.7 ? Section 308.7 ? Foreign Relations ? PEACE CORPS ? IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 ? § 308.7 ? Use of social security account number in...

  11. The social security persons abroad regulations a case for policy analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helen Bolderson; Anita Horwich

    1991-01-01

    The Persons Abroad Regulations form a minor and arcane part of British social security legislation but although little known or discussed they have major implications. Except in cases where Britain has reciprocal social security agreements with other countries, these Regulations govern whether people can continue to be paid their benefit when they go abroad with different restrictions applying to different

  12. Challenges in Supporting End-User Privacy and Security Management with Social Navigation

    E-print Network

    Edwards, Keith

    privacy activity, managing Internet cookies, and the Bonfire system uses social navigation to help users1 Challenges in Supporting End-User Privacy and Security Management with Social Navigation Jeremy approach for supporting privacy and security management. By aggregating and presenting the choices made

  13. How Social Security and Medicare Affect Retirement Behavior in a World of Incomplete Markets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Rust; Christopher Phelan

    1997-01-01

    This paper provides an empirical analysis of how the U.S. Social Security and Medicare system affects the labor supply of older males in the presence of incomplete markets. The authors estimate a dynamic programming model of the joint labor supply and Social Security acceptance decision. The model is able to account for a wide variety of phenomena observed in the

  14. Would a Privatized Social Security System Really Pay a Higher Rate of Return

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Genakoplos; Olivia S. Mitchell; Stephen P. Zeldes

    2000-01-01

    Many advocates of social security privatization argue that rates of return under a defined contribution individual account system would be much higher for all than they are under the current social security system. This claim is false. The mistake comes from ignoring accrued benefits already promised based on past payroll taxes, and from underestimating the riskiness of stock investments. Confusion

  15. Would a Privatized Social Security System Really Pay a Higher Rate of Return?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Olivia S. Mitchell; Stephen P. Zeldes

    1998-01-01

    Many advocates of social security privatization argue that rates of return under a defined contribution individual account system would be much higher for all than they are under the current social security system. This claim is false. The mistake comes from ignoring accrued benefits already promised based on past payroll taxes, and from underestimating the riskiness of stock investments. Confusion

  16. A global trend: privatization and reform of social security pension plans.

    PubMed

    Poortvliet, W G; Laine, T P

    1995-01-01

    Ten years ago Chile successfully privatized its social security system, beginning a worldwide trend to solve the problem of an increasing burden on government-supported social security programs. Contributing factors include an aging population, fewer workers to support retirees, government budget deficits and the influence of politics. PMID:10151120

  17. Social Security Privatization and Financial Market Risk: Lessons from U.S. Financial History

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary Burtless

    2000-01-01

    A popular proposal for reforming social security is to supplement or replace traditional publicly financed benefits with a new system of mandatory defined-contribution private pensions. Proponents claim that private plans offer better returns than traditional social security. To achieve higher returns, however, contributors are exposed to extra risks associated with financial market fluctuations. This paper offers evidence on the extent

  18. The Effects of Partial Privatization of Social Security upon Private Pensions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathryn L. Moore

    2001-01-01

    Social Security does not provide retirement income in a vacuum. Rather, commentators often refer to our national retirement income system as a three legged stool, with Social Security representing one of the legs and employer sponsored pension plans and individual savings representing the other two legs. Because changes in one leg of the stool are likely to have a direct

  19. The effects of social security privatization on household saving: evidence from the Chilean experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julia Lynn Coronado

    1998-01-01

    In recent years, a handful of countries have converted the financing of their social security systems from pay-as-you-go (PAYGO) to partial or full funding. Privatization is viewed as one way to insulate social security from the political and demographic pressures that currently threaten the financial stability of PAYGO systems. However, privatization would improve a nation's situation only if such a

  20. The Effects of Social Security Privatization on Household Saving: Evidence from Chile

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julia Lynn Coronado

    2002-01-01

    In recent years, a handful of countries have converted the financing of their social security systems from pay-as-you-go (PAYGO) to partial or full funding. Privatization is viewed as one way to insulate social security from the political and demographic pressures that currently threaten the financial stability of PAYGO systems. However, privatization would improve a nation's situation only if such a

  1. Social Security Privatization Reform and Labor Markets: The Case of Chile

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sebastian Edwards; Alejandra Cox Edwards

    2002-01-01

    We analyze the way in which social security privatization reform affects labor market outcomes. We develop a model of the labor market where we assume that, as is the case in most emerging markets, a formal and an informal sectors coexist side by side. According to our model, a social security reform that reduces the implicit tax on labor in

  2. How does social security affect economic growth? Evidence from cross-country data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jie Zhang; Junsen Zhang

    2004-01-01

    This paper investigates how social security interacts with growth and growth determinants (savings, human capital investment, and fertility). Our empirical investigation finds that the estimated coefficient on social security is significantly negative in the fertility equation, insignificant in the saving equation, and significantly positive in the growth and education equations. By contrast, the estimated coefficient on growth is insignificant in

  3. Social Security and SSI as Safety Nets for the Elderly Poor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martha N. Ozawa; Hong-Sik Yoon

    2002-01-01

    Partial privatization of Social Security is being considered as an integral part of the future Social Security program for American retirees. Because privatization creates uncertainty about the amount of retirement income that future retirees may expect to receive, the issue of a safety net is critical. This article presents the findings from an empirical study that investigated the degree to

  4. Adverse Selection in the Annuity Market and the Role for Social Security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roozbeh Hosseini

    2008-01-01

    This paper studies the role of social security in providing annuity insurance. I calculate the welfare cost of adverse selection in the annuity market using a life cycle model in which individuals have private information about their mortality. I calibrate the model to the current U.S. social security replacement ratio, fraction of annuitized wealth and mortality heterogeneity in the Health

  5. In Defense of Pay-as-You-Go (Paygo) Financing of Social Security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert L. Brown

    Today's proposals to create larger social security funds and then invest them in the private sector are in- tended to create more rapid economic growth, which would make it easier to pay social security benefits in the long run. These proposals are also aimed at enhanc- ing intergenerational equity by making today's workers pay for a greater proportion of their

  6. Social networking applications in health care: threats to the privacy and security of health information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James Williams

    2010-01-01

    The advent of social networking websites for use in health care has prompted concerns about the risks that such systems pose to the security and privacy of personal health information. In this paper, we survey the research literature, in order to provide a current snapshot of privacy and security safeguards for social network websites. We describe some of the unique

  7. PART 1. Student background University ID Social Security number Birthdate (mm/dd/yyyy)

    E-print Network

    Amin, S. Massoud

    PART 1. Student background University ID Social Security number Birthdate (mm/dd/yyyy) Current__________ University email (or personal email, if none) PART 2. Name change Your previous name: Last name First name Middle name Suffix Your new name (as it appears on the attached photocopy of your Social Security card

  8. Next Generation Social Sciences in Africa: Critical Perspectives in Peace, Security, and Development Issues

    E-print Network

    Wagner, Stephan

    Next Generation Social Sciences in Africa: Critical Perspectives in Peace, Security costs of up to US$15,000 on a topic related to peace, security, and development. * Doctoral dissertation$15,000 to permit the completion of a dissertation that advances research on peace, security

  9. Privatization of Social Security: How It Works and Why It Matters

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laurence J. Kotlikoff

    1995-01-01

    This paper uses the Auerbach-Kotlikoff Dynamic Life-Cycle Model (AK Model) to examine the macroeconomic and efficiency effects of privatizing social security, and a simple privatization proposal, the Personal Security System, to discuss other issues associated with privatization. According to the AK Model, privatizing social security can create major long-run increases in output and living standards which come largely but not

  10. Universal Name/Address Change Form A copy of a Social Security card is required for a name change.

    E-print Network

    Almor, Amit

    Universal Name/Address Change Form A copy of a Social Security card is required for a name change): ____ Name _____ Marriage _____ Divorce _____ Address 1. SOCIAL SECURITY # ____________ - __________ - ____________ OR Benefits Identification # ____________________________________ 2. NAME

  11. 48 CFR 1552.224-70 - Social security numbers of consultants and certain sole proprietors and Privacy Act statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...sole proprietors and Privacy Act statement. ...solicitations. Social Security Numbers of Consultants...Sole Proprietors and Privacy Act Statement (APR...file Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Form 1099...by EPA of the social security numbers of such...

  12. 48 CFR 1552.224-70 - Social security numbers of consultants and certain sole proprietors and Privacy Act statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...sole proprietors and Privacy Act statement. ...solicitations. Social Security Numbers of Consultants...Sole Proprietors and Privacy Act Statement (APR...file Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Form 1099...by EPA of the social security numbers of such...

  13. 48 CFR 1552.224-70 - Social security numbers of consultants and certain sole proprietors and Privacy Act statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...sole proprietors and Privacy Act statement. ...solicitations. Social Security Numbers of Consultants...Sole Proprietors and Privacy Act Statement (APR...file Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Form 1099...by EPA of the social security numbers of such...

  14. 48 CFR 1552.224-70 - Social security numbers of consultants and certain sole proprietors and Privacy Act statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...sole proprietors and Privacy Act statement. ...solicitations. Social Security Numbers of Consultants...Sole Proprietors and Privacy Act Statement (APR...file Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Form 1099...by EPA of the social security numbers of such...

  15. 48 CFR 1552.224-70 - Social security numbers of consultants and certain sole proprietors and Privacy Act statement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...sole proprietors and Privacy Act statement. ...solicitations. Social Security Numbers of Consultants...Sole Proprietors and Privacy Act Statement (APR...file Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Form 1099...by EPA of the social security numbers of such...

  16. Social Security reform: evaluating current proposals. Latest results of the EBRI-SSASIM2 policy simulation model.

    PubMed

    Copeland, C; VanDerhei, J; Salisbury, D L

    1999-06-01

    The present Social Security program has been shown to be financially unsustainable in the future without modification to the current program. The purpose of this Issue Brief, EBRI's fourth in a series on Social Security reform, is threefold: to illustrate new features of the EBRI-SSASIM2 policy simulation model not available in earlier EBRI publications, to expand quantitative analysis to specific proposals, and to evaluate the uncertainty involved in proposals that rely on equity investment. This analysis compares the Gregg/Breaux-Kolbe/Stenholm (GB-KS) and Moynihan/Kerrey proposals with three generic or "traditional" reforms: increasing taxes, reducing benefits, and/or increasing the retirement age. Both proposals would create individual accounts by "carving out" funds from current Social Security payroll taxes. This analysis also examines other proposed changes that would "add on" to existing Social Security funds through the use of general revenue transfers and/or investment in the equities market. President Clinton has proposed a general revenue transfer and the collective investment of some of the OASDI trust fund assets in equities. Reps. Archer and Shaw have proposed a general revenue tax credit to establish individual accounts that would be invested partially in the equities markets. When comparing Social Security reform proposals that would specifically alter benefit levels, the Moynihan/Kerrey bill compares quite favorably with the other proposals in both benefit levels and payback ratios, when individuals elect to use the individual account option. In contrast, the GB-KS bills do not compare quite as favorably for their benefit levels, but do compare favorably in terms of payback ratios. An important comparison in these bills is the administrative costs of managing the individual accounts, since benefits can be lowered by up to 23 percent when going from the assumed low to high administrative costs. Moreover, allowing individuals to decide whether to save the 2 percent of their OASDI taxable income or to receive higher takehome pay, as would be allowed in Moynihan/Kerrey, could lead to substantial differences in ultimate retirement income. Allowing for individual investment choices and using actual 401(k) participant allocation data, as opposed to an assumed average allocation for everyone, results in substantial differences in account balances. The Archer/Shaw approach mandates a 60 percent/40 percent equity/bond split specifically to avoid the variations in returns that arise from individual investment allocation decisions. Although there are greater chances for higher returns for equity investment in the president's proposal, there are also greater chances for worse outcomes. This is also true for other reforms that would invest Social Security assets in equities. PMID:10539447

  17. Informal Workers in Thailand: Occupational Health and Social Security Disparities.

    PubMed

    Kongtip, Pornpimol; Nankongnab, Noppanun; Chaikittiporn, Chalermchai; Laohaudomchok, Wisanti; Woskie, Susan; Slatin, Craig

    2015-08-01

    Informal workers in Thailand lack employee status as defined under the Labor Protection Act (LPA). Typically, they do not work at an employer's premise; they work at home and may be self-employed or temporary workers. They account for 62.6 percent of the Thai workforce and have a workplace accident rate ten times higher than formal workers. Most Thai Labor laws apply only to formal workers, but some protect informal workers in the domestic, home work, and agricultural sectors. Laws that protect informal workers lack practical enforcement mechanisms and are generally ineffective because informal workers lack employment contracts and awareness of their legal rights. Thai social security laws fail to provide informal workers with treatment of work-related accidents, diseases, and injuries; unemployment and retirement insurance; and workers' compensation. The article summarizes the differences in protections available for formal and informal sector workers and measures needed to decrease these disparities in coverage. PMID:25995374

  18. HR System Access Request Form Security Administration, Human Resources (HR) For additional instructions and information, log onto http://hr.vanderbilt.edu/security/

    E-print Network

    Simaan, Nabil

    instructions and information, log onto http://hr.vanderbilt.edu/security/ Home Department VUnet IDHR EmployeeHR System Access Request Form Security Administration, Human Resources (HR) For additional ID Name Email AddressWork Phone Home Dept Name Effective Date of Access Operator Information I

  19. EXPLORING HOW SOCIAL WORK ADMINISTRATORS INTEGRATE SPIRITUALITY IN THE WORKPLACE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rick Chamiec-Case; Michael E. Sherr

    During the past 15-25 years, there has been an increasing amount of attention paid within the social work literature to the place of spirituality in the practice of social work. Most of this focus, however, has been on direct practice with clients. Social work has paid relatively little attention to the broader topic of spirituality in the workplace, including how

  20. Possible Research Topics for CAP6135 Term Project (there are much more...) 1. Social network security and privacy

    E-print Network

    Zou, Cliff C.

    security and privacy a. Social network based malware, such as previously appeared malware Boonana, Samy attack defense 7. Wireless networking security a. Ad hoc network secure routing b. Reputation system for wireless networking c. Vehicular networking security and privacy d. Security and privacy protection

  1. The Treatment of Peace and Security Issues in Social Studies Textbooks in the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleming, Dan B.

    This examination of the treatment given to peace and security issues in American social studies textbooks begins by summarizing the National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS) Curriculum Guidelines and a 1983 study of high school social studies topic priorities. Following a review of past textbook studies and a brief discussion of textbook…

  2. X-Vine: Secure and Pseudonymous Routing in DHTs Using Social Networks

    E-print Network

    Caesar, Matthew

    X-Vine: Secure and Pseudonymous Routing in DHTs Using Social Networks Prateek Mittal Dept. of ECE to reveal their social network contacts. We design X-Vine, a protection mechanism for distributed hash-to- peer systems, X-Vine provides robustness, scalability, and a platform for innovation. The use of social

  3. 20 CFR 498.202 - Hearing before an administrative law judge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...administrative law judge. 498.202 Section 498.202 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES, ASSESSMENTS AND RECOMMENDED EXCLUSIONS § 498.202 Hearing before an administrative law judge. (a)...

  4. 20 CFR 498.204 - Authority of the administrative law judge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...administrative law judge. 498.204 Section 498.204 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES, ASSESSMENTS AND RECOMMENDED EXCLUSIONS § 498.204 Authority of the administrative law judge....

  5. 20 CFR 408.1210 - What are the essential elements of an administration agreement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...are the essential elements of an administration agreement? 408.1210 Section...Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL BENEFITS FOR CERTAIN WORLD WAR II VETERANS Federal Administration of State Recognition...

  6. 20 CFR 408.1210 - What are the essential elements of an administration agreement?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...are the essential elements of an administration agreement? 408.1210 Section...Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL BENEFITS FOR CERTAIN WORLD WAR II VETERANS Federal Administration of State Recognition...

  7. Administrator Highlights U.S.-Georgian Nuclear Security Cooperation in Tbilisi

    ScienceCinema

    Thomas D'Agostino

    2010-09-01

    NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino highlighted the strong U.S.-Georgian cooperation on nuclear security issues during a day-long visit to the Republic of Georgia in mid-June. He briefed the media at availability at the Tbilisi airport. In April 2009, President Obama outlined an ambitious agenda to secure vulnerable nuclear material around the world within four years, calling the danger of a terrorist acquiring nuclear weapons "the most immediate and extreme threat to global security." In this year's State of the Union, he called the threat of nuclear weapons, "the greatest danger to the American people." In order to meet that challenge, the President's FY2011 Budget Request includes close to $2.7 billion for the National Nuclear Security Administration's Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation program -- an increase of 25.7 percent over FY2010. Included in that request is NNSA's Second Line of Defense (SLD) program, which works around the world to strengthen the capability of foreign governments to deter, detect, and interdict illicit trafficking in nuclear and other radioactive materials across international borders and through the global maritime shipping system.

  8. Swiss social security Switzerland has a close-knit network of different social insurance branches, which offer the

    E-print Network

    Richner, Heinz

    Swiss social security General Switzerland has a close-knit network of different social insurance in Switzerland. Exception: If the decisive wage does not exceed the amount of 2300 CHF per employer and calendar scheme (2nd pillar) is an occupational insurance. It is compulsory for all persons working in Switzerland

  9. Social rank, chronic ethanol self-administration, and diurnal pituitary–adrenal activity in cynomolgus monkeys

    PubMed Central

    McClintick, Megan N.; Grant, Kathleen A.

    2012-01-01

    Rationale Dominance hierarchies affect ethanol self-administration, with greater intake among subordinate animals compared to dominant animals. Excessive ethanol intake disrupts circadian rhythms. Diurnal rhythms of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis have not been characterized in the context of ethanol self-administration with regard to social rank. Objective This study aimed to determine whether diurnal pituitary–adrenal hormonal rhythms account for differences between social ranks in ethanol self-administration or are differentially affected by ethanol self-administration between social ranks. Methods During alternating individual (n=11–12) and social (n=3 groups) housing of male cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), diurnal measures of cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) were obtained from plasma samples three times per week. Social rank was determined, ethanol (4 %, w/v) self-administration was induced, and then the monkeys were allowed a choice of water or ethanol for 22 h/day for 49 weeks. Results For all social ranks, plasma ACTH was elevated during social housing, but cortisol was stable, although greater among dominant monkeys. Ethanol self-administration blunted the effect of social housing, cortisol, and the diurnal rhythm for both hormones, regardless of daily ethanol intake (1.2–4.2 g/kg/day). Peak ACTH and cortisol were more likely to be observed in the morning during ethanol access. Ethanol, not vehicle, intake was lower during social housing across social ranks. Only dominant monkeys showed significantly lower blood–ethanol concentration during social housing. Conclusions There was a low threshold for disruption of diurnal pituitary rhythms by ethanol drinking, but sustained adrenal corticosteroid rhythms. Protection against heavy drinking among dominant monkeys may have constrained ethanol intoxication, possibly to preserve dominance rank. PMID:22526537

  10. 20 CFR 655.665 - Notice to the Department of Homeland Security and the Employment and Training Administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Security and the Employment and Training Administration. 655.665 Section 655.665 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING...Crewmembers for Longshore Activities in U.S. Ports § 655.665 Notice to the Department of Homeland...

  11. 20 CFR 655.665 - Notice to the Department of Homeland Security and the Employment and Training Administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Security and the Employment and Training Administration. 655.665 Section 655.665 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING...Crewmembers for Longshore Activities in U.S. Ports § 655.665 Notice to the Department of Homeland...

  12. 20 CFR 655.665 - Notice to the Department of Homeland Security and the Employment and Training Administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Security and the Employment and Training Administration. 655.665 Section 655.665 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING...Crewmembers for Longshore Activities in U.S. Ports § 655.665 Notice to the Department of Homeland...

  13. 20 CFR 655.665 - Notice to the Department of Homeland Security and the Employment and Training Administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Security and the Employment and Training Administration. 655.665 Section 655.665 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING...Crewmembers for Longshore Activities in U.S. Ports § 655.665 Notice to the Department of Homeland...

  14. 20 CFR 655.665 - Notice to the Department of Homeland Security and the Employment and Training Administration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Security and the Employment and Training Administration. 655.665 Section 655.665 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING...Crewmembers for Longshore Activities in U.S. Ports § 655.665 Notice to the Department of Homeland...

  15. 77 FR 70796 - Privacy Act of 1974; Retirement of Department of Homeland Security Transportation Security...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-27

    ...Homeland Security Transportation Security Administration System of Records...Homeland Security/ Transportation Security Administration-015 Registered...operation within the Transportation Security Administration and associated...

  16. Oregon Statewide Assessment Program, 1999: Reading and Literature, Mathematics, Science and Social Science. Administration Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oregon State Dept. of Education, Office of Assessment and Evaluation, Salem.

    This manual contains information regarding the administration of the Oregon Statewide Assessment Program's tests in reading and literature, mathematics, science, and the social sciences. Parts of the manual address (1) background and preparation for testing; (2) general administration; (3) administering the mathematics test; (4) administering the…

  17. CLUSTERING OF LEGISLATIVE SECURITY OF CAR UTILIZATION IN ASPECT OF EFFICIENCY OF PERFORMANCE OF NATIONAL ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES IN POLAND

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zbigniew Burski

    Summary. The paper discusses the issue of clustering of legislative security of car utilization in aspect of effi ciency of performance of national administrative agencies in Poland. The issue of security in exploitation of vehicles and working machines is one of the most important system problems in contemporary scientifi c re- searches. Government and ownership transitions in the country caused

  18. Social Justice: The Missing Link in School Administrators' Perspectives on Teacher Induction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pinto, Laura Elizabeth; Portelli, John P.; Rottmann, Cindy; Pashby, Karen; Barrett, Sarah Elizabeth; Mujuwamariya, Donatille

    2012-01-01

    Critical scholars view schooling as one piece of a larger struggle for democracy and social justice. We investigated 41 school administrators' perceptions about the role and importance of equity, diversity and social justice in new teacher induction in the province of Ontario. Interviews reveal that principals were interested in shaping teacher…

  19. Introduction to Social Psychology: Administrative Manual [And] Student Manual [And] Unit Study Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rankin, Robert E.

    This learning package is a three-semester-hour, independent-study course in social psychology designed for postsecondary, external degree students. Keyed to the commercially published textbook "Social Psychology: Explorations in Understanding" (Del Mar, CA: CRM, 1974), the package consists of an administrator manual, a student manual, and a…

  20. 24 CFR 203.35 - Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    To be eligible for mortgage insurance under this part, the mortgagor must meet the requirements for the disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers, as provided by part 200, subpart U, of this...

  1. 28 CFR 16.53 - Use and collection of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    (a) That individuals may not be denied any right, benefit, or privilege as a result of refusing to provide their social security numbers, unless the collection is authorized either by a statute or by a regulation issued prior to 1975;...

  2. 29 CFR 71.12 - Use and collection of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    (a) Each component unit that requests an individual to disclose his social security account number shall provide the individual, in writing, with the following information: (1) The statute, regulation, Executive Order or other authority under which the number is...

  3. 29 CFR 71.12 - Use and collection of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    (a) Each component unit that requests an individual to disclose his social security account number shall provide the individual, in writing, with the following information: (1) The statute, regulation, Executive Order or other authority under which the number is...

  4. 24 CFR 232.616 - Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    To be eligible for mortgage insurance under this subpart, the mortgagor must meet the requirements for the disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers, as provided by part 200, subpart U, of this...

  5. 12 CFR 1204.9 - Does FHFA collect and use Social Security numbers?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    FHFA collects Social Security numbers only when it is necessary and authorized. At least annually, the Privacy Act Officer or the Senior Agency Official for Privacy will inform employees who are authorized to collect information...

  6. 24 CFR 206.40 - Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    The mortgagor must meet the requirements for the disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers, as provided by part 200, subpart U, of this chapter. [60 FR 42760, Aug. 16,...

  7. 12 CFR 1204.9 - Does FHFA collect and use Social Security numbers?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    FHFA collects Social Security numbers only when it is necessary and authorized. At least annually, the Privacy Act Officer or the Senior Agency Official for Privacy will inform employees who are authorized to collect information...

  8. 20 CFR 229.56 - Reduction for child's social security benefit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    A child's benefit under the overall minimum, after any adjustment for the family maximum, is reduced, but not below zero, by the amount of any social security benefit being paid to the child on other than the employee's earnings...

  9. 28 CFR 16.53 - Use and collection of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    (a) That individuals may not be denied any right, benefit, or privilege as a result of refusing to provide their social security numbers, unless the collection is authorized either by a statute or by a regulation issued prior to 1975;...

  10. 24 CFR 201.6 - Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    To be eligible for loan insurance under this part, the borrower must meet the requirements for the disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers, as provided by part 200, subpart U, of this...

  11. 6 CFR 5.33 - Use and collection of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    (a) That individuals may not be denied any right, benefit, or privilege as a result of refusing to provide their social security numbers, unless the collection is authorized either by a statute or by a regulation issued prior to 1975;...

  12. 20 CFR 229.56 - Reduction for child's social security benefit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    A child's benefit under the overall minimum, after any adjustment for the family maximum, is reduced, but not below zero, by the amount of any social security benefit being paid to the child on other than the employee's earnings...

  13. 6 CFR 5.33 - Use and collection of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    (a) That individuals may not be denied any right, benefit, or privilege as a result of refusing to provide their social security numbers, unless the collection is authorized either by a statute or by a regulation issued prior to 1975;...

  14. 24 CFR 206.40 - Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    The mortgagor must meet the requirements for the disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers, as provided by part 200, subpart U, of this chapter. [60 FR 42760, Aug. 16,...

  15. 24 CFR 206.40 - Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    The mortgagor must meet the requirements for the disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers, as provided by part 200, subpart U, of this chapter. [60 FR 42760, Aug. 16,...

  16. 24 CFR 201.6 - Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    To be eligible for loan insurance under this part, the borrower must meet the requirements for the disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers, as provided by part 200, subpart U, of this...

  17. 38 CFR 1.575 - Social security numbers in veterans' benefits matters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, no one will be denied any right, benefit, or privilege provided by law because of refusal to disclose to the Department of Veterans Affairs a social security...

  18. 6 CFR 5.33 - Use and collection of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    (a) That individuals may not be denied any right, benefit, or privilege as a result of refusing to provide their social security numbers, unless the collection is authorized either by a statute or by a regulation issued prior to 1975;...

  19. 38 CFR 1.575 - Social security numbers in veterans' benefits matters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, no one will be denied any right, benefit, or privilege provided by law because of refusal to disclose to the Department of Veterans Affairs a social security...

  20. 28 CFR 16.53 - Use and collection of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    (a) That individuals may not be denied any right, benefit, or privilege as a result of refusing to provide their social security numbers, unless the collection is authorized either by a statute or by a regulation issued prior to 1975;...

  1. 20 CFR 229.56 - Reduction for child's social security benefit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    A child's benefit under the overall minimum, after any adjustment for the family maximum, is reduced, but not below zero, by the amount of any social security benefit being paid to the child on other than the employee's earnings...

  2. 24 CFR 203.35 - Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    To be eligible for mortgage insurance under this part, the mortgagor must meet the requirements for the disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers, as provided by part 200, subpart U, of this...

  3. 28 CFR 16.53 - Use and collection of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    (a) That individuals may not be denied any right, benefit, or privilege as a result of refusing to provide their social security numbers, unless the collection is authorized either by a statute or by a regulation issued prior to 1975;...

  4. 28 CFR 16.53 - Use and collection of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    (a) That individuals may not be denied any right, benefit, or privilege as a result of refusing to provide their social security numbers, unless the collection is authorized either by a statute or by a regulation issued prior to 1975;...

  5. 24 CFR 232.616 - Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    To be eligible for mortgage insurance under this subpart, the borrower must meet the requirements for the disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers, as provided by part 200, subpart U, of this...

  6. 20 CFR 229.56 - Reduction for child's social security benefit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    A child's benefit under the overall minimum, after any adjustment for the family maximum, is reduced, but not below zero, by the amount of any social security benefit being paid to the child on other than the employee's earnings...

  7. 20 CFR 229.56 - Reduction for child's social security benefit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    A child's benefit under the overall minimum, after any adjustment for the family maximum, is reduced, but not below zero, by the amount of any social security benefit being paid to the child on other than the employee's earnings...

  8. 38 CFR 1.575 - Social security numbers in veterans' benefits matters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, no one will be denied any right, benefit, or privilege provided by law because of refusal to disclose to the Department of Veterans Affairs a social security...

  9. PREVIOUS NAME (last, first, middle) STUDENT/EMPLOYEE ID # SOCIAL SECURITY# ___________________

    E-print Network

    PREVIOUS NAME (last, first, middle) STUDENT/EMPLOYEE ID # SOCIAL SECURITY Previous Name __________________ __________________ __________________ Last First Middle New Name of name: 1. Certified copy of a court order, or dissolution decree reflecting the new name in full. 2

  10. 38 CFR 3.201 - Exchange of evidence; Social Security and Department of Veterans Affairs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01...evidence; Social Security and Department of Veterans Affairs. 3.201 Section 3.201 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS...

  11. 38 CFR 3.201 - Exchange of evidence; Social Security and Department of Veterans Affairs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01...evidence; Social Security and Department of Veterans Affairs. 3.201 Section 3.201 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS...

  12. 38 CFR 3.201 - Exchange of evidence; Social Security and Department of Veterans Affairs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01...evidence; Social Security and Department of Veterans Affairs. 3.201 Section 3.201 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS...

  13. A profile of social security child beneficiaries and their families: sociodemographic and economic characteristics.

    PubMed

    Tamborini, Christopher R; Cupito, Emily; Shoffner, Dave

    2011-01-01

    Using a rich dataset that links the Census Bureau's Survey of Income and Program Participation calendar-year 2004 file with Social Security benefit records, this article provides a portrait of the sociodemographic and economic characteristics of Social Security child beneficiaries. We find that the incidence ofbenefit receipt in the child population differs substantially across individual and family-level characteristics. Average benefit amounts also vary across subgroups and benefit types. The findings provide a better understanding of the importance of Social Security to families with beneficiary children. Social Security is a major source of family income for many child beneficiaries, particularly among those with low income or family heads with lower education and labor earnings. PMID:21466031

  14. Social Security Privatization with Elastic Labor Supply and Second-Best Taxes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kent Smetters

    2005-01-01

    This paper shows that many common methods of privatizing social security fail to reduce labor market distortions when taxes are second best, challenging a key reason to privatize. Ironically, providing \\

  15. *Name: Date of Birth: Banner/Student ID # Social Security # Phone: Cell

    E-print Network

    Gering, Jon C.

    Transmitted Infection Anemia Eye Disease (excluding glasses) Joint Disease/Injury Sickle Cell Trait*Name: Date of Birth: Banner/Student ID # Social Security # Phone: Cell Permanent Address: Home Age, contact: Name Relationship: Phone: Day____________________ Eve____________________ Cell

  16. 48 CFR 252.222-7004 - Compliance with Spanish social security laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01...with Spanish social security laws and regulations. 252.222-7004 Section 252.222-7004 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION...

  17. Will Medicaid Buy-In Participants Work and Earn More if Social Security Rules Change

    E-print Network

    Hall, Jean P.

    2007-08-01

    Jensen and Silverstein (2005) reviewed federal actuarial estimates of potential increased earnings and program savings with a benefit offset and examined current employment and earnings trends among Social Security ...

  18. Fertility, child care outside the home, and pay-as-you-go social security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Makoto Hirazawa; Akira Yakita

    2009-01-01

    We examine the long-run effects of the pay-as-you-go (PAYG) social security scheme on fertility and welfare of individuals\\u000a in an overlapping generations model, assuming that child-care services are available in the market. We show that the impact\\u000a of a tax increase on fertility depends on the relative magnitudes of the standard intergenerational redistribution effect\\u000a through the social security system, the

  19. Privatizing Social Security in the United States—Comparing the Options

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laurence J. Kotlikoff; Kent Smetters; Jan Walliser

    1999-01-01

    This paper uses a new version of the Auerbach–Kotlikoff model to consider alternative ways to privatize the U.S. Social Security System. The new model incorporates intra- and intergenerational heterogeneity and is closely calibrated to U.S. fiscal institutions. Three privatization issues are considered: financing the transition, participation rules, and progressivity. As shown, Social Security's privatization can substantially raise long-run living standards.

  20. Privatizing Social Security in the U.S. -- Comparing the Options

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laurence J. Kotlikoff; Kent Smetters; Jan Walliser

    1999-01-01

    This paper uses a new version of the Auerbach-Kotlikoff model to consider alternative ways to privatize the U.S. Social Security system. The new model incorporates intra- and intergenerational heterogeneity and is closely calibrated to U.S. fiscal institutions. Three privatization issues are considered: financing the transition, participation rules, and progressivity. As shown, Social Security's privatization can substantially raise long-run living standards.

  1. 8 CFR 103.35 - Use and collection of Social Security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    8 ? Aliens and Nationality ? 1 ? 2010-01-01 ? 2010-01-01 ? false ? Use and collection of Social Security numbers. ? 103.35 ? Section 103.35 ? Aliens and Nationality ? DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY ? IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS ? POWERS AND DUTIES; AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS ? § 103.35 ? Use...

  2. 8 CFR 103.35 - Use and collection of Social Security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    8 ? Aliens and Nationality ? 1 ? 2011-01-01 ? 2011-01-01 ? false ? Use and collection of Social Security numbers. ? 103.35 ? Section 103.35 ? Aliens and Nationality ? DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY ? IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS ? POWERS AND DUTIES; AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS ? § 103.35 ? Use...

  3. Social Security Reform and Privatisation in Poland: Parallel projects or integrated agenda?1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rainer Gesell; Katharina Müller

    Proposals to link privatisation and pension reform have been raised since the early 1990s in CEE. Although the methods of privatisation have been debated, the move towards a corporate system based on private ownership is generally undisputed. As regards social security, however, choices are less clear-cut: a shift towards private, individualised provision of old age security is not necessarily on

  4. Infusing Aging and Public Policy Content into Gerontology Courses: Collaborative Learning Methods To Teach about Social Security and Medicare.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cianciolo, Patricia K.; Henderson, Tammy L.

    2003-01-01

    Describes modules on Social Security and Medicare for gerontology policy courses. Discusses collaborative exercises in which students explore Internet resources on Social Security and health care finance, identity major concerns about reforms, and enact scenarios about retirees with varying degrees of income and health care security. (Contains 33…

  5. The systems approach to airport security: The FAA (Federal Aviation Administration)/BWI (Baltimore-Washington International) Airport demonstration project

    SciTech Connect

    Caskey, D.L.; Olascoaga, M.T.

    1990-01-01

    Sandia National Laboratories has been involved in designing, installing and evaluating security systems for various applications during the past 15 years. A systems approach to security that evolved from this experience was applied to aviation security for the Federal Aviation Administration. A general systems study of aviation security in the United States was concluded in 1987. One result of the study was a recommendation that an enhanced security system concept designed to meet specified objectives be demonstrated at an operational airport. Baltimore-Washington International Airport was selected as the site for the demonstration project which began in 1988 and will be completed in 1992. This article introduced the systems approach to airport security and discussed its application at Baltimore-Washington International Airport. Examples of design features that could be included in an enhanced security concept also were presented, including details of the proposed Ramps Area Intrusion Detection System (RAIDS).

  6. 20 CFR 422.430 - When will we refund amounts of your pay withheld by administrative wage garnishment?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...administrative wage garnishment? 422.430 Section 422.430 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES Collection of Debts by Administrative Wage Garnishment § 422.430 When will we...

  7. 20 CFR 408.1040 - When can you request a hearing before an administrative law judge (ALJ)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...408.1040 Section 408.1040 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL BENEFITS FOR CERTAIN WORLD WAR II VETERANS Determinations and the Administrative Review Process Hearing Before An Administrative Law Judge §...

  8. 20 CFR 408.1040 - When can you request a hearing before an administrative law judge (ALJ)?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...408.1040 Section 408.1040 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL BENEFITS FOR CERTAIN WORLD WAR II VETERANS Determinations and the Administrative Review Process Hearing Before An Administrative Law Judge §...

  9. Can Social Security Explain Trends in Labor Force Participation of Older Men in the United States?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blau, David M.; Goodstein, Ryan M.

    2010-01-01

    After a long decline, the Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) of older men in the United States leveled off in the 1980s, and began to increase in the late 1990s. We examine how changes in Social Security rules affected these trends. We attribute only a small portion of the decline from the 1960s-80s to the increasing generosity of Social

  10. Reassembling Social Security: A Survey of Pensions and Health Care Reforms in Latin America

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carmelo Mesa-Lago

    The reform of social security pensions and healthcare is a key issue for the modern world, and in many ways Latin America has acted as a social laboratory for the reform of these systems. From the reforms that took place in Chile in 1981, most pension and health care systems in the region have seen reform, and been fully or

  11. Tax and Insurance Premiums as Financial Resources for Social Security (Japanese)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    IWAMOTO Yasushi

    2008-01-01

    In this paper I study issues in choosing between insurance premiums and taxes as means of financing the social security programs. An outline of the present composition of financial sources is that general tax revenues are put into a social insurance program that has a difficulty in raising an insurance premium further, and that there is no clear division of

  12. Post-Social Politics, Employability, and the Security Effects of Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frauley, Jon

    2012-01-01

    Trends within Western capitalist societies toward the individualizing of social problems, the responsibilizing of individuals for such problems, the treating of social problems as problems of control, ongoing attempts to shift the burden for safety and security from the state to the market, and changing conceptions of citizenship, have produced a…

  13. Infant Irritability, Mother Responsiveness, and Social Support Influences on the Security of Infant-Mother Attachment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crockenberg, Susan B.

    1981-01-01

    Results indicate that (1) social support is the best predictor of secure attachment and is most important for mothers with irritable babies, (2) maternal unresponsiveness is associated with resistance during reunion episodes and appears to be a mechanism through which anxious attachment develops, and (3) social support may mitigate the effects of…

  14. Social information processing, security of attachment, and emotion regulation in children with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Bauminger, Nirit; Kimhi-Kind, Ilanit

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the contribution of attachment security and emotion regulation (ER) to the explanation of social information processing (SIP) in middle childhood boys with learning disabilities (LD) and without LD matched on age and grade level. Children analyzed four social vignettes using Dodge's SIP model and completed the Kerns security scale and the children's self-control scale. Study results demonstrated major difficulties in SIP, lower attachment security, and less ER in children with LD compared to children without LD. Attachment as well as the interaction between attachment and ER emerged as important contributors to most SIP steps, suggesting that children with higher security who also have better ER skills will have better SIP capabilities along the different steps, beyond group inclusion. Results were discussed in terms of practical and clinical implications regarding the importance of mother-child attachment and ER skills for social cognitive capabilities in children with LD. PMID:18443148

  15. Fragmentation in social security old-age benefit provision in china.

    PubMed

    Chen, Tianhong; Turner, John A

    2015-01-01

    Currently, in many countries most workers are covered by a national social security benefits program that applies equally in all parts of the country. In China, however, social security old-age benefits are provided in a highly fragmented manner. This article documents the high degree of fragmentation. It discusses both why that has occurred and the effects of the fragmentation on participants. It examines effects of the fragmentation on benefit levels, focusing on variations in the generosity of benefit formulas but also considering other measures of benefit adequacy. Fragmentation is seen to cause differences in benefit levels even within a single city. While the new National Rural Pension Scheme is a major improvement in the provision of retirement security for rural workers, important differences still exist in the social security programs for urban and rural workers. PMID:25350715

  16. Administrative Leadership as Projection, Social Control, and Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, Donald B.

    Over the past 50 years, theoretical and methodological problems have plagued the study of leadership. This paper, proposing an alternative theory, argues that leadership has three fundamental components: projection and social control, which are linked by action. Projection is the visualization of a project to be completed. Educational…

  17. Social Validation of Evidence-Based Practices in Autism by Parents, Teachers, and Administrators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kevin Callahan; Robin K. Henson; Angela K. Cowan

    2008-01-01

    Relatively little attention has been devoted to the social validation of potentially effective autism interventions. Thus,\\u000a it is often difficult to identify and implement evidence-based practices, and programming is often inadequate. The authors\\u000a identified autism intervention components with reported effectiveness for school settings. The results of a social validation\\u000a survey completed by parents, teachers, and administrators indicate strong, consistent support

  18. Social costs of icatibant self-administration vs. health professional-administration in the treatment of hereditary angioedema in Spain

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Icatibant is the only subcutaneous treatment for acute Type I and Type II hereditary angioedema with C1-esterase inhibitor deficiency (HAE-C1-INH) licensed for self-administration in Europe. Aim To compare the economic impact of two icatibant administration strategies: health professional-administration only (strategy 1) versus including the patient self-administration option (strategy 2). Methods Economic evaluation model based on the building of a decision tree. Both strategies are assumed to have equivalent effectiveness. The payer (Spanish National Health System) and the social perspectives were considered. All relevant cost-generating factors were taken into account. The time horizon was one year. Sources of information included scientific evidence, official data and experts’ opinion. A deterministic sensitivity analysis was carried out to quantify the underlying uncertainty in the model. Results From the social perspective, which considers both direct (health care costs) and indirect costs (productivity losses), strategy 2 would result into average savings of €121.30 per acute attack compared to strategy 1. For Spain, this would achieve in an annual savings of €551,371. The reduction in direct costs accounts for 74% of the savings and lower indirect costs account for the remaining 26%. Savings per acute attack may range from €79.50 to €169.80; accordingly, the annual savings in Spain may vary between €90,319 and €2,315,360. Conclusion Costs related to the management of acute HAE attacks with C1 inhibitor deficiency may be substantially reduced through interventions targeting home treatment by training patients to self-administer icatibant. PMID:23398817

  19. Social security reform in the twenty-first century: the United States.

    PubMed

    Gramlich, Edward M

    2002-01-01

    The paper reviews the history of the Social Security system in the United States in the twentieth century and discusses options for the twenty-first. Because of the steady aging of the U.S. population and the impending retirement of the large baby boom cohort, the Social Security program now is in long-term actuarial deficit. The standard twentieth century approach to this actuarial deficit would be to raise payroll taxes enough to pay for anticipated future benefit increases, but for several reasons that approach may not be so popular this time around. The author's preferred approach is a gradual trimming of long-term benefit growth, plus "add on" individual accounts to provide new saving, for the economy and for the retirement system. The paper also criticizes proposals for Social Security reform made by President Clinton and a committee appointed by President Bush, generally because these proposals do not provide enough new saving. PMID:12503330

  20. Will Outsourcing IT Security Lead to a Higher Social Level of Security?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brent R. Rowe

    More firms outsource information technology (IT) security activities each year, as they determine that they can achieve cost savings or a higher level of security at the same cost. However, despite the estimated benefits, many firms still fail to see a clear positive net benefit from their (private) perspective, given the risks and costs involved. This paper investigates the positive

  1. Accountability, administrative law and social work practice: Redressing or reinforcing the power imbalance?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Suzy Braye; Michael Preston-Shoot

    1999-01-01

    Accountability in social care services involves a complex web of obligations to different stakeholders whose demands are not necessarily compatible. This article locates administrative law within the range of mechanisms for ensuring accountability, and evaluates its contribution. It is argued that, in the current policy context, some forms of accountability are promoted over others, and that accountabilities to service users

  2. Administrators' Conference on Secondary Social Science. Follow-Up Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herlihy, John G.; Inkpen, Thomas

    As part of an administrators' workshop, participants responded to a questionnaire dealing with knowledge and awareness of the new social studies. One year later a followup questionnaire assessed recent activities toward knowledge, awareness, and implementation. A comparison of results on the questionnaires for the extent of use of five national…

  3. Personal, Social, and Organizational Factors that Influence Black Female Athletic Administrators' Identity Negotiation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDowell, Jacqueline; Cunningham, George B.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to examine factors that influence how Black female athletic administrators negotiate their personal identity. Negotiation of identities is not only about what people say and do, but where and when they do it, as well as with whom they do it. Thus, it is important to identify social, personal, and organizational…

  4. The Economic, Social and Administrative Pharmacy (ESAP) Discipline in US Schools and Colleges of Pharmacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alkhateeb, Fadi M.; Latif, David A.; Adkins, Rachel

    2013-01-01

    Schools and colleges of pharmacy in the United States have struggled over the past several decades with identifying a consistent title for the broad body of knowledge related to the social, economic, behavioral, and administrative aspects of pharmacy. This paper examines the educational background and professional experience of those teaching…

  5. Financing Social Security, 1939-1949: a reexamination of the financing policies of this period.

    PubMed

    DeWitt, Larry

    2007-01-01

    This article examines the financing history of the U.S. Social Security system during the period starting with the amendments of 1939 and concluding with the amendments of 1950. It reviews the program's financing policies during this period, and in particular, a series of tax-rate "freezes" enacted during this time. The tax-rate schedule codified in the Social Security Act of 1935 was prevented from taking full effect during these years and the rates were "frozen" at their 1935 level for 15 years. This article seeks to explain the policy context of these rate freezes and their impact on the program's long-range financial solvency. Two major findings emerge from this research: 1. One of the most basic tests of any policy proposal involving Social Security is the projected impact of that proposal on the program's short-range and long-range financing. It would be virtually impossible to propose any serious policy change without a certification from the Social Security actuaries regarding the potential impact of such change. Although Congress enacted the 1939-1949 rate freezes in eight separate legislative acts, the legislative history contains no useable long-range actuarial estimates to gauge the impact of the rate freezes on program financing. How and why such an anomalous circumstance could arise is explored here. cies and has discovered that throughout the period from 1939 to 1950, the Social Security program was almost certainly rendered out of long-range actuarial balance by the rate freezes. How such a circumstance could arise, without serious policy debate, is then examined by situating the rate-freeze decisions in the larger frame of Social Security policymaking during this period. PMID:18777669

  6. Web 2.0 Technologies and Social Networking Security Fears in Enterprises

    E-print Network

    Almeida, Fernando

    2012-01-01

    Web 2.0 systems have drawn the attention of corporation, many of which now seek to adopt Web 2.0 technologies and transfer its benefits to their organizations. However, with the number of different social networking platforms appearing, privacy and security continuously has to be taken into account and looked at from different perspectives. This paper presents the most common security risks faced by the major Web 2.0 applications. Additionally, it introduces the most relevant paths and best practices to avoid these identified security risks in a corporate environment.

  7. National Nuclear Security Administration Nonproliferation Graduate Fellowship Program Annual Report in Brief: October 2007 - May 2008

    SciTech Connect

    Berkman, Clarissa O.; Fankhauser, Jana G.; Sandusky, Jessica A.

    2009-05-01

    This abbreviated Annual Report covers program activities of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Nonproliferation Graduate Fellowship Program (NGFP) from October 2007 through May 2008--the timeframe between the last Annual Report (which covered activities through September 2007) and the next report (which will begin with June 2008 activities). In that timeframe, the NGFP continued building a solid foundation as the program began reaping the benefits of recently implemented changes. This report is organized by Fellowship class and the pertinent program activities for each, including: October 2007 Recruiting events and final applications (Class of 2008) Winter 2007 Selection and hiring (Class of 2008) Spring 2008 Career development roundtables (Class of 2007) Orientation planning (Class of 2008) Recruitment planning and university outreach (Class of 2009) May 2008 Closing ceremony (Class of 2007)

  8. Attachment-security priming attenuates amygdala activation to social and linguistic threat.

    PubMed

    Norman, Luke; Lawrence, Natalia; Iles, Andrew; Benattayallah, Abdelmalek; Karl, Anke

    2015-06-01

    A predominant expectation that social relationships with others are safe (a secure attachment style), has been linked with reduced threat-related amygdala activation. Experimental priming of mental representations of attachment security can modulate neural responding, but the effects of attachment-security priming on threat-related amygdala activation remains untested. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, the present study examined the effects of trait and primed attachment security on amygdala reactivity to threatening stimuli in an emotional faces and a linguistic dot-probe task in 42 healthy participants. Trait attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance were positively correlated with amygdala activation to threatening faces in the control group, but not in the attachment primed group. Furthermore, participants who received attachment-security priming showed attenuated amygdala activation in both the emotional faces and dot-probe tasks. The current findings demonstrate that variation in state and trait attachment security modulates amygdala reactivity to threat. These findings support the potential use of attachment security-boosting methods as interventions and suggest a neural mechanism for the protective effect of social bonds in anxiety disorders. PMID:25326039

  9. Social facilitation of d-amphetamine self-administration in rats

    PubMed Central

    Gipson, Cassandra D; Yates, Justin R; Beckmann, Joshua S; Marusich, Julia A; Zentall, Thomas R; Bardo, Michael T

    2011-01-01

    The link between social influence and drug abuse has long been established in humans. However, preclinical animal models of drug abuse have only recently begun to consider the role of social influence. Since social factors influence the initiation and maintenance of drug use in humans, it is important to include these factors in preclinical animal models. The current study examined the effects of the presence of a social partner on responding for sucrose pellets under various motivational conditions, as well as on d-amphetamine (AMPH) self-administration. Rats were trained to lever press for either sucrose pellets or AMPH (0.01 or 0.1 mg/kg/infusion unit dose). Following response stability, a novel same-sex conspecific was presented in an adjacent compartment separated by a clear Plexiglas wall, and responding for sucrose or AMPH reward was measured. Rats were allowed to restabilize, and were subsequently given an additional partner presentation. Presence of the social partner increased responding only during the first partner pairing in the AMPH 0.1 mg/kg/infusion unit dose, whereas inhibition of responding was observed during the first partner pairing during access to the 0.01 mg/kg/infusion unit dose. Under free feed conditions, inhibition of sucrose pellet responding was observed in the presence of the social partner, but this effect was attenuated under food restriction. In contrast, the results demonstrate social facilitation of AMPH self-administration at a high unit dose, thus extending the influence of social factors to an operant conditioning task. This model of social facilitation may have important implications as a preclinical model of social influence on drug abuse. PMID:21767030

  10. The integrity of the social hierarchy in mice following administration of psychotropic drugs.

    PubMed Central

    Poshivalov, V. P.

    1980-01-01

    1 Mice in small groups develop a despotic type of social hierarchy, a feature of which is to resist alteration through the medium of psychotropic drugs. This makes a rapid pharmacologically induced change in the social hierarchy impossible. 2 Patrolling the territory and a certain level of social interaction are both critical factors in maintaining the phenomenon of inertia in the social hierarchy. Psychotropic drugs (diazepam, droperidol and mescaline) altered both these factors to a varying degree and also displayed a differing ability to maintain the inertia of the social hierarchy. 3 A drug-induced alteration in the level of aggression in a subordinate mouse in a group of three does not cause an alteration in its social position. 4 Chronic administration of diazepam, droperidol or mescaline, all of which alter the level of aggression in different ways, can result in an inversion of the social hierarchy where a competitive rival is present in the group of mice. The rate of inversion of the social hierarchy depends on the type of pre-existing social hierarchy. 5 It is suggested that the ability of psychotropic drugs to maintain the inertia of the hierarchy be used as an index of their effect upon certain types of species-specific behaviour; in particular aggression. PMID:7192165

  11. 78 FR 2709 - Finding Regarding Foreign Social Insurance or Pension System-Romania

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-14

    ...Social Insurance or Pension System-- Romania AGENCY: Social Security Administration...Social Insurance or Pension System--Romania...International Programs has approved a finding that Romania, beginning January 1, 2011, has a...

  12. Food security in perspective: the significance of social action

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Manish K. Jha

    2009-01-01

    This article highlights the impact of food insecurity on the disadvantaged sections in India. While analysing the causes and consequences of food insecurity, this paper emphasizes distributional aspects and also examines the government schemes and provisions meant to secure food for the vulnerable sections of the society. Discussing the gross mismanagement and the serious loopholes in the implementation of these

  13. Homeland security data mining using social network analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hsinchun Chen

    2008-01-01

    The tragic events of September 11th have caused drastic effects on many aspects of society. Academics in the fields of computational and information science have been called upon to help enhance the governmentpsilas ability to fight terrorism and other crimes. Keeping in mind the special characteristics of crimes and security-related data, data mining techniques can contribute in six areas of

  14. Realising the Social Security Rights of Children in South Africa, with particular reference to the Child Support Grant

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gladys Mirugi-Mukundi

    The right to social security is guaranteed under the South African Constitution. The realisation of the right to social security for children in South Africa is in the form of child support grant, foster child grant, and care dependency grant. The focus of this article is on child support grant as a means of advancing children rights in South Africa.

  15. Changing Social Security to Achieve Long-Term Solvency and Make Other Improvements: Background Factors, Issues, Options

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter W. Martin

    2012-01-01

    For years those responsible for Social Security and policy analysts have acknowledged that the present statutory framework for determining and financing program benefits is unsustainable. Nonetheless, despite the work of Presidential commissions, countless Congressional hearings, proposals for reform advanced by individuals and groups across the political spectrum, changes to Social Security that would restore its fiscal balance into the foreseeable

  16. Intelligent Social Network Modeling and Analysis for Security Informatics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ronald R. Yager

    2008-01-01

    Social relational networks are becoming an important technology in studying terrorist and criminal organizations. Our goal\\u000a here is to enrich the domain of social network modeling by introducing ideas from fuzzy sets and related granular computing\\u000a technologies. We approach this extension in a number of ways. One is with the introduction of fuzzy graphs representing the\\u000a networks. This allows a

  17. 20 CFR 422.303 - Interest, late payment penalties, and administrative costs of collection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...administrative costs of collection. 422.303 Section 422.303 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES Claims Collection § 422.303 Interest, late payment penalties, and...

  18. Nuclear Materials Management U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA\\/NSO)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jesse Schreiber

    2008-01-01

    In light of the changing Defense Complex mission, the high cost to storing and protecting nuclear materials, and in consideration of scarcity of resources, it is imperative that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) owned nuclear materials are managed effectively. The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Strategic Action Plan outlines the strategy for continuing to meet

  19. Oral health status in older adults with social security in Mexico City: Latent class analysis

    PubMed Central

    Heredia-Ponce, Erika; Cruz-Hervert, Pablo; Juárez-Cedillo, Teresa; Cárdenas-Bahena, Ángel; García-Peña, Carmen

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To explore the oral health status through a latent class analysis in elderly social security beneficiaries from Southwest Mexico City. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study of beneficiaries of the State Employee Social Security and Social Services Institute (ISSSTE, in Spanish) and the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS, in Spanish) aged 60 years or older. Oral health conditions such as edentulism, coronal and root caries (DMFT and DFT ? 75 percentile), clinical attachment loss (? 4 mm), and healthy teeth (? 25 percentile) were determined. A latent class analysis (LCA) was performed to classify the oral health status of dentate patients. Results: In total, 336 patients were included (47.9% from the ISSSTE and 52.1% from the IMSS), with an average age of 74.4 (SD = 7.1) years. The 75th percentile of the DMFT = 23 and of the DFT = 2. Of the patients, 77.9% had periodontal disease. The 25th percentile of healthy teeth = 4. A three class model is adequate, with a high classification quality (Entropy = 0.915). The patients were classified as “Edentulous” (15.2%), “Class 1 = Unfavorable” (13.7%), “Class 2 = Somewhat favorable” (10.4%), and “Class 3 = Favorable” (60.7%). Using “Class 3 = Favorable” as a reference, there was an association (OR = 3.4; 95% CI = 1.8-6.4) between being edentulous and being 75 years of age and over, compared with the 60- to 74-year age group. Conclusion: The oral health in elderly social security beneficiaries is not optimal. The probability of becoming edentulous increases with age. A three-class model appropriately classifies the oral health dimensions in the elderly population. Key words:Elderly, Latent class analysis (LCA), oral health, social security, Mexico. PMID:24596632

  20. Program Management at the National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Defense Nuclear Security: A Review of Program Management Documents and Underlying Processes

    SciTech Connect

    Madden, Michael S.

    2010-05-01

    The scope of this paper is to review the National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Defense Nuclear Security (DNS) program management documents and to examine the underlying processes. The purpose is to identify recommendations for improvement and to influence the rewrite of the DNS Program Management Plan (PMP) and the documentation supporting it. As a part of this process, over 40 documents required by DNS or its stakeholders were reviewed. In addition, approximately 12 other documents produced outside of DNS and its stakeholders were reviewed in an effort to identify best practices. The complete list of documents reviewed is provided as an attachment to this paper.

  1. 75 FR 54285 - Improvements to the Supplemental Security Income Program-Heroes Earnings Assistance and Relief...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-07

    ...Heroes Earnings Assistance and Relief Tax Act of 2008 (HEART Act) AGENCY: Social Security Administration. ACTION...Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program made by the HEART Act. The HEART Act changes the way we treat certain cash payments...

  2. Why the Annuity Feature of Social Security is Valuable and Why Despite the Annuity Feature African-Americans Do Not Fare Badly: a Letter Commenting on \\

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jack Needleman

    2005-01-01

    Edward Lazear’s analysis of the virtues of private accounts for social security exagerates the degree to which African Americans subsidize white Americans and largely ignores the value of Social Security as an annuity that individual beneficiaries cannot exhaust.

  3. Guidelines for development of NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) computer security training programs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tompkins, F. G.

    1983-01-01

    The report presents guidance for the NASA Computer Security Program Manager and the NASA Center Computer Security Officials as they develop training requirements and implement computer security training programs. NASA audiences are categorized based on the computer security knowledge required to accomplish identified job functions. Training requirements, in terms of training subject areas, are presented for both computer security program management personnel and computer resource providers and users. Sources of computer security training are identified.

  4. 29.01.03.M1.16 Information Resources-Portable Devices: Information Security Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-print Network

    29.01.03.M1.16 Information Resources- Portable Devices: Information Security Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.16 Information Resources ­ Portable Devices: Information Security Approved of its established security realm (e.g., authentication mechanism, firewall, or encryption). Information

  5. Reforming a Breadwinner Welfare State: Gender, Race, Class, and Social Security Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herd, Pamela

    2005-01-01

    A key challenge facing western welfare states is that they offset income risks faced by those in breadwinner families. Social Security is an excellent example. It best protects individuals with lengthy work histories or individuals who get married, stay married, and are never employed. Most women fit neither model. Thus, I analyze "women-friendly"…

  6. 26 CFR 1.31-2 - Credit for “special refunds” of employee social security tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    For example, employee social security tax may be deducted and withheld on $5,000 of wages received by an employee during a particular calendar year if the employee is paid wages in such year in the amount of $3,000 by one employer and in the amount of $2,000 by another...

  7. 20 CFR 229.55 - Reduction for spouse social security benefit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    A spouse benefit under the overall minimum, after any adjustment for the family maximum and for age, is reduced, but not below zero, by the amount of any social security benefit being paid to the spouse on other than the employee's earnings...

  8. 20 CFR 228.19 - Reduction for a social security benefit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    20 ? Employees' Benefits ? 1 ? 2013-04-01 ? 2012-04-01 ? true ? Reduction for a social security benefit. ? 228.19 ? Section 228.19 ? Employees' Benefits ? RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD ? REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT ? COMPUTATION OF SURVIVOR ANNUITIES ? The Tier I Annuity Component ?...

  9. 20 CFR 229.55 - Reduction for spouse social security benefit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    A spouse benefit under the overall minimum, after any adjustment for the family maximum and for age, is reduced, but not below zero, by the amount of any social security benefit being paid to the spouse on other than the employee's earnings...

  10. 20 CFR 229.55 - Reduction for spouse social security benefit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    A spouse benefit under the overall minimum, after any adjustment for the family maximum and for age, is reduced, but not below zero, by the amount of any social security benefit being paid to the spouse on other than the employee's earnings...

  11. 31 CFR 1.32 - Use and disclosure of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    An individual shall not be denied any right, benefit, or privilege provided by law by a component because of such individual's refusal to disclose his social security number. (b) Exceptions. The provisions of paragraph (a) of this section shall not apply with respect...

  12. 26 CFR 1.31-2 - Credit for “special refunds” of employee social security tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    For example, employee social security tax may be deducted and withheld on $5,000 of wages received by an employee during a particular calendar year if the employee is paid wages in such year in the amount of $3,000 by one employer and in the amount of $2,000 by another...

  13. 24 CFR 242.68 - Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    24 ? Housing and Urban Development ? 2 ? 2013-04-01 ? 2013-04-01 ? false ? Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers. ? 242.68 ? Section 242.68 ? Housing and Urban Development ? Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) ? OFFICE...

  14. 10 CFR 1008.22 - Use and collection of social security numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    10 ? Energy ? 4 ? 2012-01-01 ? 2012-01-01 ? false ? Use and collection of social security numbers. ? 1008.22 ? Section 1008.22 ? Energy ? DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) ? RECORDS MAINTAINED ON INDIVIDUALS (PRIVACY ACT) ? Maintenance and Establishment of Systems of Records ? § 1008.22...

  15. 26 CFR 1.31-2 - Credit for “special refunds” of employee social security tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    For example, employee social security tax may be deducted and withheld on $5,000 of wages received by an employee during a particular calendar year if the employee is paid wages in such year in the amount of $3,000 by one employer and in the amount of $2,000 by another...

  16. 36 CFR 1202.22 - Will NARA need my Social Security Number?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    (a) Before a NARA employee or NARA contractor asks you to provide your social security number (SSN), he or she will ensure that the disclosure is required by Federal law or under a Federal law or regulation adopted before January 1,...

  17. 24 CFR 242.68 - Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    24 ? Housing and Urban Development ? 2 ? 2011-04-01 ? 2011-04-01 ? false ? Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers. ? 242.68 ? Section 242.68 ? Housing and Urban Development ? Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) ? OFFICE...

  18. 20 CFR 404.611 - How do I file an application for Social Security benefits?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    If you file an application with the RRB on one of its forms for an annuity under section 2 of the Railroad Retirement Act, as amended, we will consider this an application for title II Social Security benefits, which you may be entitled to, unless you tell us...

  19. 20 CFR 228.19 - Reduction for a social security benefit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    20 ? Employees' Benefits ? 1 ? 2010-04-01 ? 2010-04-01 ? false ? Reduction for a social security benefit. ? 228.19 ? Section 228.19 ? Employees' Benefits ? RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD ? REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT ? COMPUTATION OF SURVIVOR ANNUITIES ? The Tier I Annuity Component...

  20. 24 CFR 242.68 - Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    24 ? Housing and Urban Development ? 2 ? 2012-04-01 ? 2012-04-01 ? false ? Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers. ? 242.68 ? Section 242.68 ? Housing and Urban Development ? Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) ? OFFICE...