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1

Social Security Administration Policies for Managing Its Administrative Law Judges.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This deals with issues concerning whether the Social Security Administration's (SSA's) Administrative Law Judges (ALJs) are required to hear a certain number of cases a year or are limited in the number of reversals they can make. Also assessing the impac...

1981-01-01

2

Social Security Administration: Additional Actions Needed to Prevent Improper Benefit Payments Under Social Security Protection Act.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Continued high levels of unauthorized immigrant workers in the United States have fostered concerns about whether they should be eligible for Social Security benefits. Until recently, the Social Security Administration (SSA) allowed noncitizens to collect...

2006-01-01

3

Social Security Administration: Effective Leadership Needed to Meet Daunting Challenges.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We highlighted the challenges that Social Security Administration would face as an independent agency: the shortfall in funds to pay future Social Security benefits, growing and changing disability caseloads, and public concerns about SSI program growth. ...

1996-01-01

4

Social Security Disability: Growing Funding and Administrative Problems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Social Security Administration's (SSA's) Disability Insurance (DI) Program faces growing financial and administrative problems. The DI Trust Fund is projected to be exhausted by 1997, and recent delays by State Disability Determination Services (DDSs)...

J. F. Delfico

1992-01-01

5

20 CFR 423.3 - Other process directed to the Social Security Administration or the Commissioner.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...process directed to the Social Security Administration or the Commissioner. 423.3 ...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SERVICE OF PROCESS § 423.3...process directed to the Social Security Administration or the Commissioner....

2013-04-01

6

Social Security Administration: Information on Monitoring 800 Number Telephone Calls.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1988, the Social Security Administration (SSA) established a toll-free 800 number to improve the public's ability to contact SSA by telephone. The public can reach SSA through that number from anywhere in the country. Teleservice representatives (TSR) ...

1997-01-01

7

Social Security Online: The Official Web Site of the Social Security Administration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Social Security Online: The Official Web Site of the Social Security Administration provides information on the agency's history, goals, budget, services, laws and regulations, as well as statistical data and research. The site provides consumers with information about retirement and disability benefits, forms, answers to frequently asked questions, and instructions and directories that will help those interested in contacting the agency. Employers will find information on wage reporting, tax guides, and employee handouts. Consumers who have a web browser that supports Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) can file an electronic request for Personal Earnings and Benefit Estimate statement; however, as reported in the May 23, 1997 Scout Report, for security reasons the SSA no longer sends the statement online.

1994-01-01

8

20 CFR 404.455 - Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and estimated earnings; effect...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and estimated...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND...455 Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and...

2013-04-01

9

20 CFR 423.1 - Suits against the Social Security Administration and its employees in their official capacities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...against the Social Security Administration and its employees in their...Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SERVICE OF PROCESS § 423...against the Social Security Administration and its employees in...

2013-04-01

10

20 CFR 410.686b - Fee for services performed for an individual before the Social Security Administration.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for an individual before the Social Security Administration...686b Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ...Finality of Decisions, and Representation of Parties § 410.686b...for an individual before the Social Security Administration....

2009-04-01

11

Health Hazard Evaluation Report HETA 92-0382-2450, Social Security Administration Teleservice Centers, Boston, Massachusetts, Fort Lauderdale, Florida.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to a request from the National Council of Social Security Administration Field Operations Locals, an investigation was undertaken of musculoskeletal disorders and job stress at the Social Security Administration Teleservice Centers (SIC-9441) ...

E. J. Hoekstra J. Hurrell N. G. Swanson

1994-01-01

12

20 CFR 404.1362 - Treatment of social security benefits or payments where Veterans Administration pension or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...benefits or payments where Veterans Administration pension or compensation payable...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND...benefits or payments where Veterans Administration pension or compensation...

2013-04-01

13

77 FR 54943 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (Social Security Administration (SSA...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (Social Security Administration...Notice of a renewal of an existing computer matching program that will expire on...notice announces a renewal of an existing computer matching program that we are...

2012-09-06

14

77 FR 43639 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (Social Security Administration (SSA...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (Social Security Administration...Notice of a renewal of an existing computer matching program that expired on May...notice announces a renewal of an existing computer matching program that we are...

2012-07-25

15

77 FR 74913 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (Social Security Administration (SSA...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (Social Security Administration...Notice of a renewal of an existing computer matching program that will expire on...notice announces a renewal of an existing computer matching program that we are...

2012-12-18

16

The development and use of industry data by the Social Security Administration.  

PubMed

Over the past few years the Social Security Bulletin has published a series of technical articles that describe various Social Security Administration (SSA) data files. This article provides an overview of SSA's industry-related data files and statistical systems from both a current and a historical perspective. The author begins by explaining how SSA first collected business data from employers (starting in 1937) as a by-product of the requirement that employers report employee wages for benefit computation purposes. She describes the administrative methods by which the data are collected, SSA's coordination of its activities with other agencies, the data collection forms used, the scheme by which the data are coded, and the employer files into which the data are classified. In her closing, the author provides examples of the various uses of the industry data and the ways that these data relate to SSA's statistical program needs and to those of other agencies as well. PMID:1300642

Dill, L M

1992-01-01

17

Individual social security accounts: issues in assessing administrative feasibility and costs.  

PubMed

Whether to add individual accounts (IAs) to the Social Security system is a highly political issue. But almost lost in the debate so far have been any practical considerations about how to administer such accounts. Any discussion of whether to create individual accounts must also address the basic but critical questions of how they would work: Who would run them? What would they cost? Logistically, are they even possible? This EBRI Issue Brief provides an overview of the most salient administrative issues facing the current Social Security reform debate--issues that challenge proponents to carefully think through how their proposals could be implemented so as to achieve their policy goals. The options and difficulties in administering IAs raise concerns that cut across ideology. The object of this report is neither to dissuade the advocates nor support the critics of individual accounts. Rather, it is to bring practical considerations to a political debate that has largely ignored the pragmatic challenges of whether IAs would be too complex for participants to understand or too difficult for record keepers to administer. The major findings in this analysis include: Adding individual accounts to Social Security could be the largest undertaking in the history of the U.S. financial market, and no system to date has the capacity to administer such a system. The number of workers currently covered by Social Security--the largest single entitlement program in the nation--is at least four times higher than the combined number of all tax-favored employment-based retirement accounts in the United States, which are administered by hundreds of entities. Direct comparisons between employment-based retirement savings plans and Social Security reform are tenuous at best. Social Security covers workers and businesses that are disproportionately excluded from employment-based plans. Because of these differences, a system of individual Social Security accounts would be more difficult to administer than employment-based plans, and total administrative expenses would be larger relative to benefits. Credit-based systems such as the current Social Security program are less difficult to administer than cash-based systems, which must account for every dollar. Inherent in the "privatization" debate is generally the presumption that IA benefits would be based on cash contributions and investment returns. The current credit-based system tolerates small errors in wage reporting, because they rarely affect benefits. But every dollar counts in a cash-based IA system. To ensure that benefits are properly provided, an IA system would require more regulation, oversight, and error reconciliation than the current Social Security program. Social Security individual accounts cannot be administered like 401(k) plans without adding significant employer burdens--especially on small businesses. Under the current wage reporting and tax collection process, it would take at least 7-19 months for every dollar contributed to an individual's account to be sorted out from aggregate payments and credited to his or her IA. This 7-19 month "float period" could result in substantial benefit losses over time. Options for preventing such losses involve difficult trade-offs, such as increased government responsibility, increased complexity, greater employer burdens, and/or investment restrictions for beneficiaries. If legally considered personal property, the IAs of married participants could pose significant administrative challenges. Social Security today must obtain proof of marriage only at the time spousal benefits are claimed. But some IA proposals would require contributions to be split between spouses' individual accounts, requiring records on participants' marital status to be continuously update to ensure that contributions are correctly directed. Also, dealing with claims on individual account contributions in divorce cases could place IA record keepers in the middle o PMID:10345790

Olsen, K A; Salisbury, D L

1998-11-01

18

Social Security Administration Performance Plan for Fiscal Year 2004; and Revised Final Performance Plan for Fiscal Year 2003.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Social Security Administration (SSA) faces great challenges in administering its programs: giving the American people the service they expect and deserve, particularly as the number of beneficiaries increases with the aging of the baby boomers; improv...

2005-01-01

19

The Effect of the Social Security Earnings Test on Male Labor Supply: New Evidence from Survey and Administrative Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite numerous empirical studies, there is surprisingly little agreement about whether the Social Security earnings test affects male labor supply. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive analysis of the labor supply effects of the earnings test using longitudinal administrative earnings data and more commonly used survey data. We find that

Haider, Steven J.; Loughran, David S.

2008-01-01

20

Statistical security for Social Security.  

PubMed

The financial viability of Social Security, the single largest U.S. government program, depends on accurate forecasts of the solvency of its intergenerational trust fund. We begin by detailing information necessary for replicating the Social Security Administration's (SSA's) forecasting procedures, which until now has been unavailable in the public domain. We then offer a way to improve the quality of these procedures via age- and sex-specific mortality forecasts. The most recent SSA mortality forecasts were based on the best available technology at the time, which was a combination of linear extrapolation and qualitative judgments. Unfortunately, linear extrapolation excludes known risk factors and is inconsistent with long-standing demographic patterns, such as the smoothness of age profiles. Modern statistical methods typically outperform even the best qualitative judgments in these contexts. We show how to use such methods, enabling researchers to forecast using far more information, such as the known risk factors of smoking and obesity and known demographic patterns. Including this extra information makes a substantial difference. For example, by improving only mortality forecasting methods, we predict three fewer years of net surplus, $730 billion less in Social Security Trust Funds, and program costs that are 0.66% greater for projected taxable payroll by 2031 compared with SSA projections. More important than specific numerical estimates are the advantages of transparency, replicability, reduction of uncertainty, and what may be the resulting lower vulnerability to the politicization of program forecasts. In addition, by offering with this article software and detailed replication information, we hope to marshal the efforts of the research community to include ever more informative inputs and to continue to reduce uncertainties in Social Security forecasts. PMID:22592944

Soneji, Samir; King, Gary

2012-08-01

21

Social Security Death Index (SSDI)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Social Security Death Index (SSDI), provided by Infobases, Inc., is a searchable database of the Death Master File (DMF) from the Social Security Administration (SSA). DMF "contains over 50 million records created from SSA payment records." The database can contain name, social security number, date of birth, date of death, and last residence/lump sum payment information when available, and can be searched on those criteria. Search help is available from the home page. Note that this is not an index of everyone who has died in the United States, but rather an index of people who had Social Security Benefits when they died.

1998-01-01

22

20 CFR 404.452 - Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages; net earnings from self-employment.  

...Security Administration of earnings; wages; net earnings from self-employment. 404...Security Administration of earnings; wages; net earnings from self-employment. ...report of earnings, that is, wages and/or net earnings from self-employment, is...

2014-04-01

23

Identifying a cohort of US twins using Social Security Administration records.  

PubMed

A sample of pairs of twins who were born in the United States in 1919 and survived to adulthood is identified through an innovative and large-scale application of the methodology of probabilistic linkage. The social security program began in the United States in November 1936, and the file of applicants for a social security number - which was used in this study - is the closest thing in the United States to a population register. The study results are very satisfactory, and demonstrate the superiority of probabilistic linkage to exact linkage. We estimate that about 33,000 twin pairs were born in the United States in 1919 and about 19,000 survived to age 17. Since the social security number was not then, at the inception of the program, the universal identifier that it is today, the number of enumerated twin pairs is somewhat less. Nonetheless, over 16,000 twin pairs can be identified by the method of probabilistic linkage. By comparison, only about half as many can be identified by straightforward exact linkage. PMID:15169598

Kestenbaum, Bert

2004-04-01

24

Social Security: Cato Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Social Security Privatization is a web site developed by the Cato Institute that argues for privatizing Social Security to prevent future insolvency. The Social Security system currently collects more in taxes than benefits paid out, with the excess held in the Trust Fund. But this is expected to change in 2014 when the baby boomers and increased longevity of retirees is likely to result in benefits exceeding taxes collected. By 2031, the Trust Fund is expected to be exhausted. Suggestions for reforming Social Security include minor changes to the eligibility requirement or tax rates, allowing part of Social Security contributions to be invested freely, and totally privatizing Social Security.

25

Mortality Measurement at Advanced Ages: A Study of the Social Security Administration Death Master File  

PubMed Central

Accurate estimates of mortality at advanced ages are essential to improving forecasts of mortality and the population size of the oldest old age group. However, estimation of hazard rates at extremely old ages poses serious challenges to researchers: (1) The observed mortality deceleration may be at least partially an artifact of mixing different birth cohorts with different mortality (heterogeneity effect); (2) standard assumptions of hazard rate estimates may be invalid when risk of death is extremely high at old ages and (3) ages of very old people may be exaggerated. One way of obtaining estimates of mortality at extreme ages is to pool together international records of persons surviving to extreme ages with subsequent efforts of strict age validation. This approach helps researchers to resolve the third of the above-mentioned problems but does not resolve the first two problems because of inevitable data heterogeneity when data for people belonging to different birth cohorts and countries are pooled together. In this paper we propose an alternative approach, which gives an opportunity to resolve the first two problems by compiling data for more homogeneous single-year birth cohorts with hazard rates measured at narrow (monthly) age intervals. Possible ways of resolving the third problem of hazard rate estimation are elaborated. This approach is based on data from the Social Security Administration Death Master File (DMF). Some birth cohorts covered by DMF could be studied by the method of extinct generations. Availability of month of birth and month of death information provides a unique opportunity to obtain hazard rate estimates for every month of age. Study of several single-year extinct birth cohorts shows that mortality trajectory at advanced ages follows the Gompertz law up to the ages 102105 years without a noticeable deceleration. Earlier reports of mortality deceleration (deviation of mortality from the Gompertz law) at ages below 100 appear to be artifacts of mixing together several birth cohorts with different mortality levels and using cross-sectional instead of cohort data. Age exaggeration and crude assumptions applied to mortality estimates at advanced ages may also contribute to mortality underestimation at very advanced ages.

Gavrilov, Leonid A.; Gavrilova, Natalia S.

2011-01-01

26

20 CFR 422.103 - Social security numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Social security numbers. 422.103 Section 422.103 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ORGANIZATION AND...Procedures § 422.103 Social security numbers. (a) General....

2013-04-01

27

Social Security Online History Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The creation of the Social Security program during the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt is widely understood to be one of the most important pieces of social welfare legislation in United States history. Drawing on their vast repositories of oral histories, audio recordings, and primary documents, the Social Security Administration (SSA) has established this Web site that will be of great help and assistance to researchers looking for a holistic appraisal of the Administration's historical development and contributions to the welfare of the American public. Visitors will want to check out the detailed explanation of how Social Security numbers are assigned (and who received the first number back in 1936). One fascinating feature is the sound and video clip section, which features radio debates on the merits of the Social Security program taped during 1935 and Lyndon B. Johnson's remarks on the passage of the Medicare bill in 1965. The Web site also includes transcriptions of oral histories done with administrators of the SSA over the past 65 years. All in all, this site serves as a well-thought out archive that deals with the transformation of the federal government's role in increasing its influence in the arena of social welfare.

28

75 FR 71171 - Social Security Disability Program Demonstration Project: Benefit Offset National Demonstration...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Social Security Disability Program Demonstration Project: Benefit Offset National Demonstration (BOND) AGENCY: Social Security Administration...SUMMARY: We are announcing the following demonstration project relating to the Social...

2010-11-22

29

Cardiovascular Disability: Updating the Social Security Listings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Social Security Administration (SSA) asked the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to conduct a 1-year study and make recommendations for improving the cardiovascular disability criteria in the SSA Listing of Impairments. The Listings, as they are known, cont...

2010-01-01

30

Grandpa's Social Security  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This simple example shows how algebra can be useful in the real world by exploring the question: Should Grandpa start receiving his Social Security benefits at age 62 or should he wait until age 65? This resource is from PUMAS - Practical Uses of Math and Science - a collection of brief examples created by scientists and engineers showing how math and science topics taught in K-12 classes have real world applications.

31

Comparing Social Security reform options.  

PubMed

Social Security is widely recognized as the nation's most effective anti-poverty program for the elderly and widow(er)s. It is so popular that it has often been dubbed the "third rail" of American politics ("touch it and you die"). As a result, changes have come slowly. For instance, in spite of years of warning in advance of the cash flow crisis of 1983, Congress waited until the last minute to act--and when it did, the action it took included a combination of tax increases and benefit reductions. By the mid-1990s, then-President Clinton was talking about the long-term financing issues faced by Social Security, but Congress did not act. President Bush has raised the same issues since 2000, and has now taken to the road to convince the nation that action should be taken now to assure the program's long-term solvency. Because Social Security is a sensitive, complicated, and emotional political topic, many concepts have been discussed but few elected officials have been willing to put forth detailed plans for fear of political backlash. The public, quite naturally, wants to know how they will be affected by "reform." In this introductory section, Figure S-1 seeks to provide a simple response to that question by following the method used in the Trustees' report, where earners maintain a constant percentage of the average wage. Take the year closest to when you were born, the earnings closest to your expected earnings this year (2005), and follow across the columns to see how much your annual benefit would be in today's dollars if you start taking benefits at age 65. For an example of a specific individual: Your 30-year-old child (born in 1975) makes a 2005 salary around $16,500. Under current law, your child's initial annual Social Security retirement benefit would be dollar 11,200 in today's dollars. However, given the projected funding shortfall currently facing the program, this promised benefit is not likely to materialize unless some sort of change is made to the program. This analysis compares "Model 2" from the President's 2001 Commission to Strengthen Social Security (which appears to have the principles for an individual account plan favored by the Bush administration) with three basic options: Current-law benefits with taxes raised to cover the shortfall over the 75-year actuarial period, by removing the existing dollar 90,000 annual wage cap and including all workers. Maintain current benefits until the revenue shortfall occurs, when a "cliff" benefit cut is imposed. A gradual reduction in current-law benefits. PMID:15898449

Copeland, Craig

2005-05-01

32

POLICY ELITES AND SOCIAL SECURITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Do policy elites invoke public opinion? When they do, are their claims based on evidence from public opinion surveys? To learn about the claims that policy elites make, we examined statements the president and members of Congress, experts, and interest group leaders in congressional hearings made about Social Security. To learn about opinion data on Social Security, we conducted a

FAY LOMAX COOK; JASON BARABAS; BENJAMIN I. PAGE

33

Inquiry into the Security Breach at the National Nuclear Security Administration's Y-12 National Security Complex.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Y-12 National Security Complex is one of four production facilities in the National Nuclear Security Administration's Nuclear Security Enterprise. The site focuses on the processing and storage of uranium, an activity essential to the safety, security...

2012-01-01

34

Estimating Measurement Error in SIPP (Survey of Income and Program Participation) Annual Job Earnings: A Comparison of Census Survey and SSA (Social Security Administration) Administrative Data.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The third chapter investigates measurement error in SIPP annual job earnings data linked to SSA administrative earnings data. The multiple earnings measures provided by the survey and administrative data enable the identification of components of true var...

M. Stinson

2002-01-01

35

Crisis Legislation: Congress and Social Security Financing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Political and national social ramifications surrounding the recommendations of the National Commission on Social Security Reform and imminent legislation by the U.S. Congress to ensure current and future financial soundness of the Social Security System are detailed. (MC)

Plunkett, Glenn M.

1983-01-01

36

14 CFR 1212.604 - Social security numbers.  

...AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION PRIVACY ACT-NASA REGULATIONS Instructions for NASA Employees 1212.604 Social security numbers. (a) It is unlawful for NASA to deny to individuals any rights,...

2014-01-01

37

Social Security: The Notch Issue.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Social security retirees born just befor 1917 generally receive higher benefits than those born in 1917 and after-a disparity commonly referred to as the notch. Pre-1917 birth retirees were compensated at an unexpectedly high level because of the way incr...

1988-01-01

38

Increasing Public Understanding of Social Security.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: The Role of the Advisory Board; Findings: SSA's Obligation to Communicate with the Public; Public Understanding of Social Security: What the Public Thinks; Recommendations: What SSA Should Do To Increase Public Understanding of Social Security; ...

1997-01-01

39

Leadership with Administration: Securing Administrative Support for Transforming Your Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides school counselors with a plan for securing administrative support for implementing of comprehensive school counseling programs. Systems and systems theory is introduced to explain systemic change in the context of leadership. Leadership theory is presented to assist school counselors in leading systemic change and securing

Saginak, Kelli A.; Dollarhide, Colette T.

2006-01-01

40

Implementation Plan: National Nuclear Security Administration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Department of Energy (DOE) has developed this Implementation Plan with regard to the establishment of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) on March 1, 2000, as provided by Title 32 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Ye...

2000-01-01

41

78 FR 12129 - Rescission of Social Security Acquiescence Rulings 92-2(6)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...notice of the rescission of Social Security AR 92-2(6). DATES...Office of Disability Programs, Social Security Administration, 6401...holding in a decision of a United States Court of Appeals that we determine...interpretation of a provision of the Social Security Act (the Act)...

2013-02-21

42

24 CFR 5.216 - Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Disclosure and verification of Social Security Number (SSN) and...Required documentation (1) Social Security Numbers . The documentation...valid SSN card issued by the Social Security Administration (SSA...by visiting the IRS.gov Web site or calling the IRS...

2009-04-01

43

Social Security reform: implications for women.  

PubMed

Despite recent economic gains for women, a substantial gender gap in financial security during old age remains, making women more dependent than men upon Social Security. Social Security plays an important role in providing for women's economic security. The implications for women of several proposed changes in Social Security policy, including the call for the partial privatization of Social Security via the introduction of individual accounts, are analyzed. Many of the proposals would have the effect of asking women, particularly low-income women, to shoulder a disproportionate share of the risks and burdens associated with the changes. PMID:11148830

Williamson, J B; Rix, S E

2000-01-01

44

76 FR 65558 - Rescission of Social Security Ruling 97-2p  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DATES: Effective Date: This rescission will be effective November 21, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Joshua Silverman, Office of Regulations, Social Security Administration, 6401 Security Boulevard, Baltimore, MD 21235-6401,...

2011-10-21

45

Security Administrators: A Breed Apart  

Microsoft Academic Search

System administrators (sysadmins) are the linchpin of civilization, managing the Information Technology (IT) infrastructures on which modern life depends. Unfortunately, there has been a lack of research on sysadmin practices and consequently admin tools are often not designed to support their tasks effectively. Over the past five years, we conducted a series of field studies investigating the work practices and

Eben M. Haber; Eser Kandogan

2007-01-01

46

Social Security's special minimum benefit.  

PubMed

Social Security's special minimum primary insurance amount (PIA) provision was enacted in 1972 to increase the adequacy of benefits for regular long-term, low-earning covered workers and their dependents or survivors. At the time, Social Security also had a regular minimum benefit provision for persons with low lifetime average earnings and their families. Concerns were rising that the low lifetime average earnings of many regular minimum beneficiaries resulted from sporadic attachment to the covered workforce rather than from low wages. The special minimum benefit was seen as a way to reward regular, low-earning workers without providing the windfalls that would have resulted from raising the regular minimum benefit to a much higher level. The regular minimum benefit was subsequently eliminated for workers reaching age 62, becoming disabled, or dying after 1981. Under current law, the special minimum benefit will phase out over time, although it is not clear from the legislative history that this was Congress's explicit intent. The phaseout results from two factors: (1) special minimum benefits are paid only if they are higher than benefits payable under the regular PIA formula, and (2) the value of the regular PIA formula, which is indexed to wages before benefit eligibility, has increased faster than that of the special minimum PIA, which is indexed to inflation. Under the Social Security Trustees' 2000 intermediate assumptions, the special minimum benefit will cease to be payable to retired workers attaining eligibility in 2013 and later. Their benefits will always be larger under the regular benefit formula. As policymakers consider Social Security solvency initiatives--particularly proposals that would reduce benefits or introduce investment risk--interest may increase in restoring some type of special minimum benefit as a targeted protection for long-term low earners. Two of the three reform proposals offered by the President's Commission to Strengthen Social Security would modify and strengthen the current-law special minimum benefit. Interest in the special minimum benefit may also increase because of labor force participation and marital trends that suggest that enhancing workers' benefits may be a more effective means of reducing older women's poverty rates than enhancing spousal or widow's benefits. By understanding the Social Security program's experience with the special minimum benefit, policymakers will be able to better anticipate the effectiveness of other initiatives to enhance benefits for long-term low earners. This article presents the most recent and comprehensive information available about the special minimum benefit in order to help policymakers make informed decisions about the provision's future. Highlights of the current special minimum benefit include the following: Very few persons receive the special minimum benefit. As of December 2001, about 134,000 workers and their dependents and survivors were entitled to a benefit based on the special minimum. Of those, only about 79,000 received a higher total benefit because of the special minimum; the other 55,000 were dually entitled. (In effect, when persons are eligible for more than one type of benefit--that is, they are dually eligible--the highest benefit payable determines total benefits. If the special minimum benefit is not the highest benefit payable, it does not increase total benefits paid.) As of February 2000, retired workers who were special minimum beneficiaries with unreduced benefits and were not dually entitled were receiving, on average, a monthly benefit of $510 per month. That amount is approximately $2,000 less than the annual poverty threshold for an aged individual. Special minimum benefits provide small increases in total benefits. For special minimum beneficiaries who were not dually entitled as of December 2001, the average special minimum monthly PIA was just $39 higher than the regular PIA. Most special minimum beneficiaries are female retired workers. About 90 percent of special minimum beneficiaries are retired work

Olsen, K A; Hoffmeyer, D

47

Sequencing social security, pension, and insurance reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

For both economic and regulatory reasons, most developing countries have underdeveloped pension funds and insurance sectors, and their social security systems face many financial and organizational problems. Wide-ranging reform would produce considerable economic and social benefits. A restructured social security system would avoid financial involvency and be better able to meet its objectives of redistribution. The development of pension funds

Dimitri Vittas

1995-01-01

48

Bush Plan Takes Security Out of Social Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social workers understand that assessing the implications of a policy for individual citizens like Veronica, a 51 year-old African American woman whose retirement will be jeopardized by President Bush's plan for social security, is often a good yardstick by which to measure the impact of a change. Moreover, social workers understand that policy

Marsh, Jeanne C.

2005-01-01

49

Social Security and Retirement in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the German public old age social security program (,Gesetzliche Rentenversicherung') and its incentive effects on retirement decisions. The paper presents the key features of the system and expresses retirement incentives in the form of accrual rates of social security wealth and implicit tax rates on earnings. It summarizes labor market behavior of older persons in Germany during

Axel Boersch-Supan; Reinhold Schnabel

1997-01-01

50

20 CFR 422.103 - Social security numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the immigration process, that SSA assign a social security number and issue a social security number card to him/her. Requests...SSA's central office assigns a number and issues a social security number card. If investigation...

2009-04-01

51

20 CFR 422.103 - Social security numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the immigration process, that SSA assign a social security number and issue a social security number card to him/her. Requests...SSA's central office assigns a number and issues a social security number card. If investigation...

2010-04-01

52

4 CFR 83.9 - Social Security number.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Social Security number. 83.9 Section 83...PERSONNEL RECORDS § 83.9 Social Security number. (a) GAO may not require individuals to disclose their Social Security Number (SSN) unless disclosure...

2011-01-01

53

Bush and Gore Debate Social Security  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One of the key issues in the presidential debate on October 17, 2000 was the reform of the Social Security program. While both candidates agree that the system needs to be changed and improved, their ideas for instituting change are quite different. Governor Bush has proposed naming a bipartisan panel responsible for creating a plan that would allow workers to set up personal investment accounts, thus emphasizing individual responsiblity and "trust in the free market." Vice-President Gore's plan places the chief responsibility in the hands of the government by changing Social Security very little, but including the use of $1.4 trillion in tax revenue, along with Social Security taxes, to pay beneficiaries. While Bush's plan is slightly riskier, since it depends on a strong market, according to the latest polls, it is slightly favored by voters. Fifty percent of voters prefer Bush's plan, while only 44 percent are leaning toward's Gore's Social Security ideas.

54

A Median Voter Model of Social Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a theoretical median voter analysis of the determination of the level of social security. The framework for the analysis is a continuous-time, overlapping-generations model with nonaltruistic households facing borrowing constraints in the capital market. A majority voting equilibrium is shown to exist in which the median voter is liquidity-constrained. The desired level of social security for each

Robin W Boadway; David E Wildasin

1989-01-01

55

Lifetime Earnings Patterns, The Distribution Of Future Social Security Benefits, And The Impact Of Pension Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an analysis of career earnings patterns developed for predicting the impact of Social Security reform. We produce estimates of age-earnings profiles of American men and women born between 1931 and 1960. The estimates are obtained using lifetime earnings records maintained by the Social Security Administration. We use a standard econometric approach to develop forecasts of future individual

Barry Bosworth; Gary Burtless; Eugene Steuerle

2002-01-01

56

Sequencing Social Security, Pension, and Insurance Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

December 1995The full benefits of social security reform will not be realized until social pension systems are restructured and downsized, contribution rates lowered, and the scope for private pension funds (voluntary or mandatory) increased. Reform of the insurance sector is also essential because of the close links between pensions and life, disability, and annuity insurance.For both economic and regulatory reasons,

Dimitri Vittas

1999-01-01

57

Social Security And Mental Illness: Reducing Disability With Supported Employment  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT: Social Security Administration disability programs are expensive, growing, and headed,toward bankruptcy. People with psychiatric disabilities now,constitute the largest and most rapidly expanding,subgroup,of program,beneficiaries. Evidence-based supported employment is a well-defined, rigorously tested service model that helps people with psy- chiatric disabilities obtain and succeed,in competitive employment.,Providing evidence- based,supported,employment,and mental health services to this population could reduce the growing rates of

Robert E. Drake; Jonathan S. Skinner; Gary R. Bond; H. H. Goldman

2009-01-01

58

Analysis of the Use of the Social Security Number as Veteran Identification as it Relates to Identity Theft; A Cost Benefit Analysis of Transitioning the Department of Defense and Veterans Administration to a Military Identification Number.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Identity theft has become one of the fastest growing crimes in America and stems from the widespread and growing reliance of organizations across the nation to use Social Security Numbers (SSN) as a primary personal identifier. Originally intended for the...

D. G. Maraska G. R. Opria

2007-01-01

59

78 FR 9987 - Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-1p; Titles II and XVI: Agency Processes for Addressing Allegations...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SSA-2012-0071] Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-1p; Titles II and XVI: Agency Processes for Addressing Allegations of Unfairness, Prejudice, Partiality, Bias, Misconduct, or Discrimination by Administrative Law Judges (ALJs); Correction AGENCY: Social...

2013-02-12

60

System and method for secure social networking  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A system and method for secure social networking is disclosed. In one embodiment, a social networking site is accessible on the Internet for use by minors that allows for adult supervision and approval for participation on the site, and provides safeguards against abuses and misuse of many social networking sites available today. In another embodiment, a social networking site on the Internet is available for use by minors that permits users to access the Internet only according to guidelines previously approved by adults for each user. The system further comprises a call screening feature that allows incoming and outgoing calls according to guidelines previously approved by adults for each user.

2013-10-08

61

South African social security under apartheid and beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under apartheid, the trappings of a welfare state for whites were created. Over time, social security was gradually extended to other groups, and recently social assistance benefits were equalised. This left South Africa with high social security levels for a middle?income developing country. However, the social security system still largely reflects the historical needs of vulnerable white groups under apartheid,

Servaas van der Berg

1997-01-01

62

Addressing social resistance in emerging security technologies.  

PubMed

In their efforts to enhance the safety and security of citizens, governments and law enforcement agencies look to scientists and engineers to produce modern methods for preventing, detecting, and prosecuting criminal activities. Whole body scanners, lie detection technologies, biometrics, etc., are all being developed for incorporation into the criminal justice apparatus. Yet despite their purported security benefits these technologies often evoke social resistance. Concerns over privacy, ethics, and function-creep appear repeatedly in analyses of these technologies. It is argued here that scientists and engineers continue to pay insufficient attention to this resistance; acknowledging the presence of these social concerns yet failing to meaningfully address them. In so doing they place at risk the very technologies and techniques they are seeking to develop, for socially controversial security technologies face restrictions and in some cases outright banning. By identifying sources of potential social resistance early in the research and design process, scientists can both engage with the public in meaningful debate and modify their security technologies before deployment so as to minimize social resistance and enhance uptake. PMID:23970863

Mitchener-Nissen, Timothy

2013-01-01

63

Addressing social resistance in emerging security technologies  

PubMed Central

In their efforts to enhance the safety and security of citizens, governments and law enforcement agencies look to scientists and engineers to produce modern methods for preventing, detecting, and prosecuting criminal activities. Whole body scanners, lie detection technologies, biometrics, etc., are all being developed for incorporation into the criminal justice apparatus.1 Yet despite their purported security benefits these technologies often evoke social resistance. Concerns over privacy, ethics, and function-creep appear repeatedly in analyses of these technologies. It is argued here that scientists and engineers continue to pay insufficient attention to this resistance; acknowledging the presence of these social concerns yet failing to meaningfully address them. In so doing they place at risk the very technologies and techniques they are seeking to develop, for socially controversial security technologies face restrictions and in some cases outright banning. By identifying sources of potential social resistance early in the research and design process, scientists can both engage with the public in meaningful debate and modify their security technologies before deployment so as to minimize social resistance and enhance uptake.

Mitchener-Nissen, Timothy

2013-01-01

64

Social Research Center Administration: Dreams and Realities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on experience in two different university-based social research centers (SRCs), the author discusses factors influencing support for university-based SRCs, the difficulty of transferring research findings from the SRC to the outside world, and how the social context influences the role research administrators play in this type of research

Isralowitz, Richard E.

1998-01-01

65

Home-centric visualization of network traffic for security administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today's system administrators, burdened by rapidly increasing network activity, must quickly perceive the security state of their networks, but they often have only text-based tools to work with. These tools often provide no overview to help users grasp the big-picture. Our interviews with administrators have revealed that they need visualization tools; thus, we present VISUAL (Visual Information Security Utility for

Robert Ball; Glenn A. Fink; Chris North

2004-01-01

66

Security administration plan for HANDI 2000 business management system  

SciTech Connect

This document encompasses and standardizes the integrated approach for security within the PP and Ps applications, It also identifies the security tools and methods to be used. The Security Administration Plan becomes effective as of this document`s acceptance and will provide guidance through implementation efforts and, as a ``living document`` will support the operations and maintenance of the system.

Wilson, D.

1998-09-29

67

Employment Opportunities and Social Security: An Outline  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for a pension reform is usually argued by reference to the demographic aging process. Even so, it is essential not to lose sight of an equally serious problem in this context: in order to safeguard the financial soundness of the social security system, the greatest number of persons possible needs to be integrated into economic activity. An increase

Hedwig Lutz

1997-01-01

68

Social Security Reform in 2005 and Beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social Security reform started with a bang in 2005. President Bush placed it at the top of his domestic agenda and featured it prominently in his 2005 State of the Union Address. The President spent the early months of the year on a \\

Kathryn L. Moore

2006-01-01

69

Comments on the Social Security Notch Issue.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

While differences in benefit amounts exist between cohorts of retirees who came under the benefit rules enacted in the 1977 Amendments to the Social Security Act, and those who continued to have their benefits computed under the pre-1977 rules, such diffe...

1992-01-01

70

Discount Rate Heterogeneity and Social Security Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

As many countries consider the privatization of existing pay-as-you-go Social Security systems, the option to make participation in the new system voluntary may appeal to policy makers who need to obtain the political support of their workers. A critical issue in evaluating such a reform and its economic consequences is the unobserved heterogeneity in households' preferences for consumption. This paper

Andrew A. Samwick

1997-01-01

71

Social security constraints on tax reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social security system imposes major constraints on tax reform, as was exemplified by the 1985 debate in Australia on tax reform. The constraints are not just those of a redistributive nature. There are important structural constraints as well, which means that separate reform of the two systems is not really feasible. In the paper the Australian system, the 1985

D Dixon; C Foster

1988-01-01

72

What Every Parent Should Know About Social Security  

MedlinePLUS

... Social Security record, how to build Social Security credits over your working life, and how to obtain ... half of their support. If you had enough credits, a one-time payment of $255 also will ...

73

75 FR 65511 - Employee Benefits Security Administration; Submission for OMB Review  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Employee Benefits Security Administration; Submission for OMB Review...obtained from the RegInfo.gov Web site at http://www...Employee Benefits Security Administration (EBSA), Office of Management...Employee Benefits Security Administration. Type of Review:...

2010-10-25

74

Red Book 2005: A Summary Guide to Employment Support for Individuals with Disabilities under the Social Security Disability Insurance and Supplemental Security Income Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of the Social Security Administration's (SSA) highest priorities is to help individuals with disabilities achieve independence by helping them to take advantage of employment opportunities. This book is a general reference source about the employment-...

2005-01-01

75

Summary Guide to Employment Support for People with Disabilities Under the Social Security Disability Insurance and Supplemental Security Income Programs. 2003 RED BOOK.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of the Social Security Administration's (SSA) highest priorities is to help people with disabilities achieve independence by helping them to take advantage of employment opportunities. This book is a general reference source about the employment-relat...

2003-01-01

76

Social Security and Supplemental Security Income Benefits for Children with Disabilities. The Arc Q & A Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic information about Social Security and Supplementary Security Income benefits for children with disabilities is presented in a question-and-answer format. The following questions are addressed: "How can a child get benefits from Social Security or Supplemental Security Income (SSI)?"; "How is eligibility determined?"; "What is the definition

Arc, Arlington, TX.

77

Global demographic trends and social security reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

How sustainable are the current social security systems in the developed economies, given the projected demographic trends? The most recent literature has answered this question through dynamic general-equilibrium models in a closed-economy framework. This paper provides a new quantitative benchmark of analysis for this question represented by a two-region model (South and North) of the world economy where capital flows

Orazio Attanasio; Sagiri Kitao; Giovanni L. Violante

2007-01-01

78

Defense Programs Strategic Vision for 2030: National Nuclear Security Administration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Over the past two years, the National Nuclear Security Administrations (NNSA) Office of Defense Programs (DP) has been developing a vision for the future nuclear weapons stockpile and its supporting NNSA infrastructure. This vision was derived from a numb...

2005-01-01

79

National Nuclear Security Administration Knowledge Base Core Table Schema Document.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Nuclear Security Administration is creating a Knowledge Base to store technical information to support the United States nuclear explosion monitoring mission. This document defines the core database tables that are used in the Knowledge Base....

D. Carr

2002-01-01

80

Social Cognitive Theory: Information Security Awareness and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the authors discuss employees beliefs about their abilities to competently use computer information security tools in the determination of effective information security practices within organizations. In the first section the authors present a background about information security practices at work. Then, the authors present a research approach based on social cognitive theory applied in the information security

Santos M. Galvez; Indira R. Guzman

2008-01-01

81

NNSA Administrator Looks to Future of Nuclear Security at STRATCOM Symposium  

ScienceCinema

Administrator Thomas P. DAgostino of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) discusses the future of the Nuclear Security Enterprise and its strategic deterrence mission in light of President Obamas unprecedented nuclear security agenda.

Thomas D'Agostino

2010-09-01

82

76 FR 40352 - National Nuclear Security Administration; Amended Record of Decision: Site-Wide Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Nuclear Security Administration...NM AGENCY: National Nuclear Security Administration, U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Amended Record...SUMMARY: The National Nuclear Security...

2011-07-08

83

Social Security Disability Insurance: SSA Actions Could Enhance Assistance to Claimants with Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Other Impairments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Advocates for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), believe that the Social Security Administration's (SSA) process for determining eligibility for Disability Insurance (DI) may treat some claimants unfairly. This congressionally mandated study ...

2005-01-01

84

Social Security and Elderly Living Arrangements--Evidence from Social Security Notch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social Security program has over the period become unsustainable from tax finance and imply reforms that would cut down on benefits of the elderly. The implications are that elderly may have to increase their post-retirement working, reduce consumption and opt for shared living rather than independent living conditions. The last of the three

Engelhardt, Gary V.; Gruber, Jonathan; Perry, Cynthia D.

2005-01-01

85

Correlation Analysis of Cultural Development and Social Security in Iran  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, politicians have paid more attention to planning methods considering environmental, economical, social and cultural potentials of place. According to general principles and experiences has been achieved by the developed countries, there is a direct link between social security and cultural development. Where the society and region is culturally more developed, social security level is higher and vice versa. Considering this leading point, this research aims to establish a rational correlation between the provinces of Iran considering cultural development ranking and social security levels using planning models and analysis. To reach this goal, different variables in various sectors such as physical, social, economical, etc. were classified leading to developmental indicators of the provinces in the related sectors. In addition to this, many variables concerning the social security levels in provinces such as homicide, robbery, suicide, etc. were also classified to identify the social security level in each province. According to the results, more culturally developed and wealthier provinces, like Tehran, Khorasan, Fars, have lower social security degree and less culturally developed provinces, like Sistan va Baloochestan, Kurdistan, Elam have higher social security level. In other words, the mentioned principle, the correlation between social security and cultural development, does not work in the same direction in Iranian context.

Habibi, K.; Alizadeh, H.; Meshkini, A.; Kohsari, M. J.

86

A review of Transportation Security Administration funding 20012007  

Microsoft Academic Search

The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 spurred a fundamental change in the thinking, organization, and funding of transportation\\u000a security in the United States. The most visible organizational change was the creation of the Transportation Security Administration\\u000a (TSA), first as an entity within the Department of Transportation in November 2001, and then as part of the newly-established\\u000a Department of Homeland

Clinton V. Oster; John S. Strong

2008-01-01

87

Social Security and Medicare Trust Funds and the Federal Budget.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Social Security and Medicare provide cash and in-kind benefits to over fifty million people each year. These social insurance programs are financed largely through payroll contributions, income taxes on benefits received, premiums, and federal general fun...

2009-01-01

88

20 CFR 422.120 - Earnings reported without a social security number or with an incorrect employee name or social...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...security number or with an incorrect employee name or social security number. 422.120...security number or with an incorrect employee name or social security number. (a) Correcting...security number or with a different employee name or social security number...

2013-04-01

89

The Social Security system: benefit differences among racial/ethnic groups.  

PubMed

Based on published and unpublished data from the Bureau of the Census and the Social Security Administration, an assessment is presented of how major racial/ethnic groups in the United States fare under Social Security. The Social Security Act was signed into law in 1935 to provide economic security to U.S. workers. Today, there are some 44.5 million Social Security beneficiaries in this country. The majority of these beneficiaries are retired workers (62.3 percent) with survivors of deceased workers comprising another 11.6 percent. Several aspects of the Social Security system are particularly important to minority groups. The data indicate that minorities rely more on Social Security benefits in retirement than do whites. In comparison with only 16 percent of white elderly beneficiaries, one-third of elderly blacks and one-third of elderly Hispanics depend on Social Security payments for 100 percent of their retirement income. Minorities also have less retirement income from other sources, such as pensions and assets, than do whites. Both blacks and Hispanics tend to have lower earnings than whites and, thus, benefit from the progressive benefit formula of the Social Security system. Further, blacks, with shorter life expectancies, benefit more from the disability and survivors benefits than do whites. Social Security has a major impact on poverty rates, particularly for minorities. Without Social Security benefits and no other changes in savings or pensions, poverty rates would be around 60 percent for blacks, Native Americans and Hispanics versus 24, 12 and 20 percent, respectively, with Social Security benefits. The U.S. minority population will continue to grow in both numbers and proportions. By 2050, almost half (47 percent) of the total U.S. population will be minorities due principally to growth in Hispanic, black and Asian populations. The increasingly diverse population will change the composition of the nation's workforce as well as the size and makeup of its elderly population. These demographic changes will be important to consider when evaluating the future role that Social Security will play in the lives of these changing populations. PMID:10802876

Hendley, A A; Mushinski, M

2000-01-01

90

Two RFID-Based Solutions for Secure Inpatient Medication Administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medication error can easily cause serious health damage to inpatients in hospital. Consequently, the whole society has to\\u000a spend huge amount of extra resources for additional therapies and medication on those affected inpatients. In order to prevent\\u000a medication errors, secure inpatient medication administration system is required in a hospital. Using RFID technology, such\\u000a administration system provides automated medication verification for

Yi-Chung Yen; Nai-Wei Lo; Tzong-Chen Wu

91

NNSA Administrator Addresses the Next Generation of Nuclear Security Professionals: Part 1  

ScienceCinema

Administrator Thomas DAgostino of the National Nuclear Security Administration addressed the next generation of nuclear security professionals during the opening session of todays 2009 Department of Energy (DOE) Computational Science Graduate Fellowship Annual Conference. Administrator DAgostino discussed NNSAs role in implementing President Obamas nuclear security agenda and encouraged the computing science fellows to consider careers in nuclear security.

92

NNSA Administrator Addresses the Next Generation of Nuclear Security Professionals: Part 2  

ScienceCinema

Administrator Thomas DAgostino of the National Nuclear Security Administration addressed the next generation of nuclear security professionals during the opening session of todays 2009 Department of Energy (DOE) Computational Science Graduate Fellowship Annual Conference. Administrator DAgostino discussed NNSAs role in implementing President Obamas nuclear security agenda and encouraged the computing science fellows to consider careers in nuclear security.

Thomas D'Agostino

2010-09-01

93

NNSA Administrator Addresses the Next Generation of Nuclear Security Professionals: Part 1  

ScienceCinema

Administrator Thomas DAgostino of the National Nuclear Security Administration addressed the next generation of nuclear security professionals during the opening session of todays 2009 Department of Energy (DOE) Computational Science Graduate Fellowship Annual Conference. Administrator DAgostino discussed NNSAs role in implementing President Obamas nuclear security agenda and encouraged the computing science fellows to consider careers in nuclear security.

Thomas D'Agostino

2010-09-01

94

NNSA Administrator Addresses the Next Generation of Nuclear Security Professionals: Part 2  

SciTech Connect

Administrator Thomas DAgostino of the National Nuclear Security Administration addressed the next generation of nuclear security professionals during the opening session of todays 2009 Department of Energy (DOE) Computational Science Graduate Fellowship Annual Conference. Administrator DAgostino discussed NNSAs role in implementing President Obamas nuclear security agenda and encouraged the computing science fellows to consider careers in nuclear security.

Thomas D'Agostino

2009-07-14

95

NNSA Administrator Addresses the Next Generation of Nuclear Security Professionals: Part 1  

SciTech Connect

Administrator Thomas DAgostino of the National Nuclear Security Administration addressed the next generation of nuclear security professionals during the opening session of todays 2009 Department of Energy (DOE) Computational Science Graduate Fellowship Annual Conference. Administrator DAgostino discussed NNSAs role in implementing President Obamas nuclear security agenda and encouraged the computing science fellows to consider careers in nuclear security.

Thomas D'Agostino

2009-07-14

96

Social Security: Strengthening a Vital Safety Net for Latinos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1935, Social Security has provided a vital safety net for millions of Americans who cannot work because of age or disability. This safety net has been especially critical for Americans of Latino decent, who number more than 50 million or nearly one out of every six Americans. Social Security is critical to Latinos because it is much more

Cruz, Jeff

2012-01-01

97

The Social Security Earnings Test and Work Incentives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The labor supply and benefit claiming incentives provided by the early retirement rules of the Social Security Old Age benefits program are of growing importance as the Normal Retirement Age (NRA) increases to 67, the labor force participation of Older Americans rises, and a variety of reforms to the Social Security system are considered. Any

Benitez-Silva, Hugo; Heiland, Frank

2007-01-01

98

The Effects of Phasing Out Social Security Student Benefits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aspects of the student benefit program under the Social Security Act and the consequences of phasing out the program are considered. The 1981 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act phases out the Old Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance (OASDI) student benefit program under the Social Security Act. The OASDI was one of the largest programs offering

Rosen, David Paul

99

Social Security: Why Action Should Be Taken Soon.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since its establishment in the mid-1990s the Social Security Advisory Board has devoted much of its attention to meeting its statutory responsibility for addressing the short-term and long-term solvency of the Social Security program. Among other things w...

2005-01-01

100

Social Climate within an Adolescent Medium-Secure Facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of the study were to investigate the social climate of two different types of units (open vs. secure) contained within the same South London adolescent mediumsecure facility. Two hypotheses were generated: (a) adolescents would rate the social climate of the whole facility in a more negative direction than staff and (b) adolescents and staff would rate the social

Peter E. Langdon; Nicola Cosgrave; Troy Tranah

2004-01-01

101

Design and Implementation of a Secure Healthcare Social Cloud System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two cutting edge technologies are cloud computing and social media. Healthcare is a promising application of these technologies. In this paper, we describe our design and prototype implementation of a social healthcare network over the cloud. The system is secured with a trust-aware role-based access control. Our work addresses an unmet need in social healthcare networking -- emotional support, and

Ryan Wooten; Roger Klink; Frank Sinek; Yan Bai; Meeta Sharma

2012-01-01

102

Two RFID-based solutions for secure inpatient medication administration.  

PubMed

Medication error can easily cause serious health damage to inpatients in hospital. Consequently, the whole society has to spend huge amount of extra resources for additional therapies and medication on those affected inpatients. In order to prevent medication errors, secure inpatient medication administration system is required in a hospital. Using RFID technology, such administration system provides automated medication verification for inpatient's medicine doses and generates corresponding medication evidence, which may be audited later for medical dispute. Recently, Peris-Lopez et al. (Int. J. Med. Inform., 2011) proposed an IS-RFID system to enhance inpatient medication safety. Nevertheless, IS-RFID system does not detect the denial of proof attack efficiently and the generated medication evidence cannot defend against counterfeit evidence generated from the hospital. That is, the hospital possesses enough privilege from the design of IS-RFID system to modify generated medication evidence whenever it is necessary. Hence, we design two lightweight RFID-based solutions for secure inpatient medication administration, one for online verification environment and the other for offline validation situation, to achieve system security on evidence generation and provide early detection on denial of proof attack. PMID:21732130

Yen, Yi-Chung; Lo, Nai-Wei; Wu, Tzong-Chen

2012-10-01

103

Retirement Security: The Unfolding of a Predictable Surprise.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Ten years ago Congress enacted the Social Security Independence and Program Improvements Act of 1994. That legislation made the Social Security Administration an independent agency and also established the Social Security Advisory Board. In that Act, Cong...

2005-01-01

104

Associations between Attachment Security and Social Competence in Preschool Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attachment theorists suggest that attachment security with parents supports the quality of social adaptation in peer groups during early childhood, and numerous studies supporting this conjecture have been published. Most of these studies used enacted representations rather than mental representations of attachment security, and most studies

Verssimo, Manuela; Santos, Antnio J.; Fernandes, Carla; Vaughn, Brian E.

2014-01-01

105

A social approach to security: Using social networks to help detect malicious web content  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the midst of a social networking revolution, social media has become the new vehicle for effective business marketing and transactions. As social aspects to the Internet continue to expand in both quantity and scope, so has the security threat towards enterprise networks and systems. Many social networking users also become main targets of spams, phishing, stalking, and other malware

Michael Robertson; Yin Pan; Bo Yuan

2010-01-01

106

AT Times When Limbs May Fail: Social Security for Unorganised Workers in Karnataka  

Microsoft Academic Search

Policy makers, therefore, often encounter the following questions while formulating the social security schemes. What are the priority social security needs of unorganized workers? What existing mechanisms and strategies do they use to meet the social security needs? Do social security needs and risk management strategies vary across different categories and within a particular category of unorganized workers? Are workers

D. Rajasekhar; Suchitra J. Y; Madheshwaran S; G. K. Karanth

2006-01-01

107

A Game-Theoretical Approach to Multimedia Social Networks Security  

PubMed Central

The contents access and sharing in multimedia social networks (MSNs) mainly rely on access control models and mechanisms. Simple adoptions of security policies in the traditional access control model cannot effectively establish a trust relationship among parties. This paper proposed a novel two-party trust architecture (TPTA) to apply in a generic MSN scenario. According to the architecture, security policies are adopted through game-theoretic analyses and decisions. Based on formalized utilities of security policies and security rules, the choice of security policies in content access is described as a game between the content provider and the content requester. By the game method for the combination of security policies utility and its influences on each party's benefits, the Nash equilibrium is achieved, that is, an optimal and stable combination of security policies, to establish and enhance trust among stakeholders.

Liu, Enqiang; Liu, Zengliang; Shao, Fei; Zhang, Zhiyong

2014-01-01

108

The Obama Administration: what can social science offer?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the 2009 Academy of Social Sciences annual debate about prospects for the new United States administration. Just half way into the first hundred days of President Barack Obama's term, a panel of social scientists, convened by Philip Davies, Director of the British Library's Eccles Centre for American Studies, addressed the question of what social science could

Philip Davies; Dilys Hill; Andrew Rudalevige; George C. Edwards III; Jenel Virden; Robert Singh

2009-01-01

109

Identifying the Enemy: Social Categorization and National Security Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation seeks to understand the interplay between informal articulations of social categories and formal instantiations of those categories in official language. Specifically, it explores the process of social categorization as it is used to identify threats to national security. The research employed a qualitative, document-based,

Unsworth, Kristene

2010-01-01

110

Social Skills Diagnostic Screen Administration Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Social Skills Diagnostic Screen (SSDS), developed by the Fort McMurray School District in Alberta, Canada, in 1991-92, is a checklist which may be used by teachers, parents, counsellors, and students to ascertain a student's level of social development. The SSDS may also serve as a tool to specify or clarify specific social skills with which

Fort McMurray School District 2833 (Alberta).

111

Uncovering the American Dream: Inequality and Mobility in Social Security Earnings Data since 1937  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses Social Security Administration longitudinal earnings micro data since 1937 to analyze the evolution of inequality and mobility in the United States. Earnings inequality follows a U-shape pattern, decreasing sharply up to 1953 and increasing steadily afterwards. We find that short-term and long-term (rank based) mobility among all workers has been quite stable since 1950 (after a temporary

Wojciech Kopczuk; Emmanuel Saez; Jae Song

2007-01-01

112

Social applications: exploring a more secure framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online social network sites, such as MySpace, Facebook and others have grown rapidly, with hundreds of millions of active users. A new feature on many sites is social applications - applications and services written by third party developers that provide additional functionality linked to a user's profile. However, current application platforms put users at risk by permitting the disclosure of

Andrew Besmer; Heather Richter Lipford; Mohamed Shehab; Gorrell Cheek

2009-01-01

113

National Nuclear Security Administration: Additional Actions Needed to Improve Management of the Nation's Nuclear Progams.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to security and management weaknesses, in 1999 the Congress created the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), a separately organized agency within the Department of Energy (DOE). NNSA is responsible for the nations nuclear weapons, ...

2007-01-01

114

Child poverty vs Medicare and Social Security.  

PubMed

The series of government safety net programs provides economic security primarily to older populations. In this period of competition for limited federal resources, the need to create a public awareness of the continuing and growing poverty of children is emphasized. PMID:9328682

Waldman, H B

1997-01-01

115

Individuals' Uncertainty about Future Social Security Benefits and Portfolio Choice  

PubMed Central

Summary Little is known about the degree to which individuals are uncertain about their future Social Security benefits, how this varies within the U.S. population, and whether this uncertainty influences financial decisions related to retirement planning. To illuminate these issues, we present empirical evidence from the Health and Retirement Study Internet Survey and document systematic variation in respondents uncertainty about their future Social Security benefits by individual characteristics. We find that respondents with higher levels of uncertainty about future benefits hold a smaller share of their wealth in stocks.

Delavande, Adeline

2013-01-01

116

Human errors and violations in computer and information security: the viewpoint of network administrators and security specialists.  

PubMed

This paper describes human errors and violations of end users and network administration in computer and information security. This information is summarized in a conceptual framework for examining the human and organizational factors contributing to computer and information security. This framework includes human error taxonomies to describe the work conditions that contribute adversely to computer and information security, i.e. to security vulnerabilities and breaches. The issue of human error and violation in computer and information security was explored through a series of 16 interviews with network administrators and security specialists. The interviews were audio taped, transcribed, and analyzed by coding specific themes in a node structure. The result is an expanded framework that classifies types of human error and identifies specific human and organizational factors that contribute to computer and information security. Network administrators tended to view errors created by end users as more intentional than unintentional, while errors created by network administrators as more unintentional than intentional. Organizational factors, such as communication, security culture, policy, and organizational structure, were the most frequently cited factors associated with computer and information security. PMID:16782040

Kraemer, Sara; Carayon, Pascale

2007-03-01

117

77 FR 50757 - Charging Standard Administrative Fees for Nonprogram-Related Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...processing requests for original Social Security Numbers (SSN) and replacement Social Security cards. These services...information is available on our Web site at http://socialsecurity...or by written request to: Social Security Administration,...

2012-08-22

118

Labor market transitions and social security in Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper quantifies the magnitude of transitions across occupational categories in Colombia, a country with high unemployment and informality but quickly increasing its social security coverage for health. The analysis makes use of a panel of households between 2008 and 2009, representative of the main metropolitan areas inthe country. Results confirm previous evidence found in Colombia and elsewhere in the

Jose Cuesta; Camilo Bohorquez

2011-01-01

119

A test of interventions for security threats from social engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose Recently, the role of human behavior has become a focal point in the study of information security countermeasures. However, few empirical studies have been conducted to test social engineering theory and the reasons why people may or may not fall victim, and even fewer have tested recommended treatments. Building on theory using threat control factors, the purpose of

Michael Workman

2008-01-01

120

Social Security Disability Insurance: Essential Protection when Work Incapacity Strikes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) is an essential lifeline for millions of Americans. Without it, many families would be in deep financial distress. SSDI is insurance that workers pay for through premiums deducted from their pay. In return, workers gain the right to monthly benefits if a disabling condition ends their capacity to earn a

Reno, Virginia P.; Ekman, Lisa D.

2012-01-01

121

Income distribution within families and the reform of social security  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the policy implications of a study of the distribution of income within families receiving social security. Analysis of the perceptions and use of different sources of household income revealed gendered patterns. It confirmed that benefits for children are more likely to be spent on the children if paid to the mother, raising questions about the impact of

Ruth Lister; Jackie Goode; Claire Callender

1999-01-01

122

Impact of Central American Migrants on Social Security Act Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report examines, per its mandate: the 'probable effect of the admission into the United States of refugees from Central America; on the costs, during the next 5 years, of programs carried out or assisted under the Social Security Act and of related pr...

1985-01-01

123

Social Security Area Population Projections: 1997. Actuarial Study No. 112.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The population in the Social Security Area is expected to rise from 272 million in 1995 to 381 million in 2080 - an increase of 40 percent. The population at or above age 65 (normal retirement age), rises from 34 million in 1995 to 87 million in 2080 - a ...

F. C. Bell

1997-01-01

124

Studies in Income Distribution. Estimation of Social Security Taxes on the March Current Population Survey. No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of the tax-transfer system on the distribution of income among economic units is the subject of a number of studies by the Office of Research and Statistics of the Social Security Administration. One of the most important data sources for the work is the Census Bureau's March Current Population Survey (CPS). To conduct such studies, the

Bridges, Benjamin, Jr.; Johnston, Mary P.

125

24 CFR 203.35 - Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01...Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer... Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating...OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN...and verification of Social Security and...

2013-04-01

126

24 CFR 200.6 - Employer identification and social security numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01...Employer identification and social security numbers... Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating...OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION...Employer identification and social security...

2013-04-01

127

24 CFR 242.68 - Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01...Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer... Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating...OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN...and verification of Social Security and...

2013-04-01

128

24 CFR 201.6 - Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01...Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer... Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating...OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN...and verification of Social Security and...

2013-04-01

129

24 CFR 206.40 - Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01...Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer... Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating...OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN...and verification of Social Security and...

2013-04-01

130

Discountinuing Social Security's Currently Insured Benefit Provision Would Save Millions and Eliminate Inequities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of Social Security's benefit eligibility insurance provisions, the currently insured provision, no longer has relevance. Discontinuance of the provision could save Social Security's trust funds about $180 million through 1990 and will not affect survi...

1982-01-01

131

Do Social Security Surpluses Pay Down Publicly Held Debt. Evidence From Budget Data.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Being fair to future generations requires that Social Security be reformed in a manner that effectively prefunds a significant share of future Social Security benefit payments. All serious reform plans have this property. Prefunding is attempted exclusive...

R. P. Mariger

2008-01-01

132

Danger is in the eye of the beholders: Social representations of Information Systems security in healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the social representations of Information Systems (IS) security of different communities working in a healthcare organization. It considers questions of IS security as socially constructed and dependent on how people make sense of their context of work.The social representations perspective presented in this paper is especially useful to make sense of IS security from the point of

Emmanuelle Vaast

2007-01-01

133

20 CFR 416.2005 - Administration agreements with SSA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administration agreements with SSA. 416.2005...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR...Agreement; Payments § 416.2005 Administration agreements with SSA. (a)...

2010-04-01

134

20 CFR 416.2005 - Administration agreements with SSA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Administration agreements with SSA. 416.2005...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR...Agreement; Payments § 416.2005 Administration agreements with SSA. (a)...

2009-04-01

135

20 CFR 416.2010 - Essentials of the administration agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Essentials of the administration agreements. 416.2010 Section...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR... § 416.2010 Essentials of the administration agreements. (a)...

2013-04-01

136

20 CFR 416.2005 - Administration agreements with SSA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Administration agreements with SSA. 416.2005...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR...Agreement; Payments § 416.2005 Administration agreements with SSA. (a)...

2013-04-01

137

[Social security system for patients with rheumatoid arthritis in Japan].  

PubMed

Support system for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a wide variety, such as the health care, the medical economy, the environment, and mental activity. Among these measures, the laws called the social security system are defined. These systems consist of social insurance (medical insurance, long-term care insurance, pension insurance), social welfare (welfare for the disabled) and public health (measures for intractable diseases). As social support under total management of RA, patients can receive mitigation measures and subsidies (physically disabled person's certificate, high-cost medical care, etc.) for high medical expenses at use of biological products, hospitalization and surgery. Furthermore long-term care insurance and disability pension can be used as a further support of home care. PMID:23961682

Murasawa, Akira

2013-07-01

138

The impact of immigration on the United States social security system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Immigration is a controversial subject in United Stales politics This chapter addressed the impact immigrants inflicted on United States Social Security system To ascertain llie objective of the aforementioned topic, these topical areas were addressed: demographic distribution, language, religion economic status, social issues and problems United States a nation of immigrants, origin of the Social Security system, social amenities and

Alfred A. Jarrett; Shelley Wyckoff; Roosevelt Wilmore

1997-01-01

139

Social Security and Divorce or Death Benefits Storyboard (S(2)D(2)BS): An Interactive Participant Learning Exercise.  

PubMed

Using the concept of an interactive or living storyboard, the author discusses the use of seven case narratives constructed for the sole purpose of teaching introductory gerontology or geriatric students about the distribution of Social Security benefits after spousal death. Additional information is included pertaining to Social Security benefits payable to divorced persons after the death of the former spouse, including the status of married same-sex couples. Narratives include representations of a male breadwinner model couple, a two-earner couple who have similar/dissimilar earnings prior to retirement, a divorced couple with a remarriage after a death, a gay couple with and without children, and a female primary breadwinner couple. Updated information from the Social Security Administration, as well as information on game preparation, scripts, and debriefing questions are included. PMID:24794559

Brown, Pamela Pitman

2014-01-01

140

Alternative Administrative Certification: Socializing Factors Influencing Program Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used an organizational socialization lens to examine factors influencing participants' decision to pursue the principalship and choice to engage in an alternate administration certification program. Through an analysis of participant focus groups and interviews, factors emerged from the codes that were compared with dimensions of

Bickmore, Dana L.; Bickmore, Steven T.; Raines, Sarah

2013-01-01

141

Applying Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM) to Social Work Administration Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multi-level structures are common in social work administration research, where individuals are hierarchically nested within organizations. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) is a statistical method developed to address issues associated with the unique nature of multilevel data. We introduce the basic notion of HLM, highlighting the need for using this technique in multilevel data. We also present analytical procedures, illustrating the

Tae Kuen Kim; Phyllis Solomon; Karen A. Zurlo

2009-01-01

142

From Government to Governance: Implications for Social Work Administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way in which our society governs itself has undergone a quiet revolution over the last two decades. Society is in the midst of a paradigm shift from what is known as a government paradigm to what is being called a governance paradigm. This article seeks to inform social work administrators about the importance of the shift. First, some background

Kathryn A. Frahm; Lawrence L. Martin

2009-01-01

143

78 FR 55270 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security Transportation Security Administration-DHS...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...expedited screening at participating airport security checkpoints. This updated system...he or she arrives at the TSA airport security checkpoint. This change is...expedited screening at participating airport security...

2013-09-10

144

75 FR 28046 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security Transportation Security Administration-002...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...those fees, by the airport operators, aircraft...services related to security threat assessments...ensure the adequacy of security measures at airports and other transportation...transportation safety and security or the operations...

2010-05-19

145

78 FR 73868 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security Transportation Security Administration-DHS...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...information related to transportation security; 4. Assess and respond to threats...implementation and ensure the adequacy of security measures at airports and other transportation facilities...affect transportation safety and security or the operations of...

2013-12-09

146

Social Security and Undergraduates with Disabilities: An Analysis of the National Postsecondary Student Aid Survey. Addressing Trends in Development in Secondary Education and Transition. Information Brief. Vol. 3, Issue 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this brief is to describe the characteristics of undergraduate students receiving Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Social Security Administration (SSI) benefits as they relate to issues of participation in postsecondary education and employment. This brief describes results from the National Postsecondary Student Aid

Berry, Hugh; Conway, Megan A.; Change, Kelly B.T.

2004-01-01

147

76 FR 68243 - Social Security Rulings, SSR 91-1c and SSR 66-18c; Rescission of Social Security Rulings (SSR) 66...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...or visit our Internet site, Social Security Online, at http...valid for other purposes under State law, if the former legal titleholder...reflect the decision of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh...Assistance Program Nos. 96.002, Social Security-Retirement...

2011-11-03

148

77 FR 58604 - Social Security Ruling (SSR), 12-1p; Title II: Determining Whether Work Performed in Self...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Social Security Ruling (SSR), 12-1p; Title II: Determining Whether Work Performed...SGA) under the disability program in title II of the Social Security Act (Act...Security. Policy Interpretation Ruling Title II: Determining whether work...

2012-09-21

149

Transportation Security Administration: Oversight of Explosive Detection Systems Maintenance Contracts Can Be Strengthened.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mandated to screen all checked baggage by using explosive detection systems at airports by December 31, 2003, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has deployed two types of screening equipment: explosive detection systems (EDS), which use comp...

2006-01-01

150

The widow(er)'s limit provision of Social Security.  

PubMed

Widow benefits have been a part of the Social Security program since the 1939 amendments to the Social Security Act (widower benefits were added later). For many years, the Social Security law called for paying a widow(er) a fraction of the deceased worker's primary insurance amount (PIA). However, the worker--while alive--may have received the full PIA as his or her retirement benefit. Over time, arguments were made that a widow(er) should be treated as generously as his or her spouse was. The 1972 amendments to the Social Security Act allowed for a widow(er) to receive a full PIA, subject to actuarial reductions if the widow(er) benefit was claimed before the normal retirement age (NRA) and subject to a new provision of the law commonly referred to as the widow(er)'s limit. Generally, the widow(er)'s limit specifies that if a worker received reduced retirement benefits (because the worker claimed benefits before the NRA), then the worker's widow(er) cannot receive a monthly benefit equal to the full PIA. Rather, the widow(er)'s benefit is generally limited to the amount the worker would receive if he or she was still alive. The limit provision appears to be motivated by the overall intent of the 1972 Congress to pay a benefit to a widow(er) that was comparable with what the worker received. A number of changes to the limit provision have been discussed. This article looks at the following options: Abolishing the limit, Raising the limit by requiring that it never be set below the average PIA among all retired-worker beneficiaries. Adjusting the limit for some widow(er)s--that is, only persons who are widowed before the NRA (the ARLA option), Making a simpler adjustment to the limit by abolishing it for persons who are widowed before age 62 (the SARLA option), and A proposal by Robert J. Myers that would make modest adjustments to the limit for cases in which the worker died before the NRA. The most fundamental change--abolishing the limit--would increase benefits for about 2.8 million widow(er)s and would cost about $3.1 billion a year. Most of the additional government expenditures would not go to the poor and the near poor. Another change would be more successful in aiding low-income widow(er)s: requiring that the limit amount never be set below the average PIA among all retired-worker beneficiaries. About 58 percent of the government expenditures from that option would be received by the poor and the near poor. Overall, 1.2 million widow(er)s would be helped, and the cost would be about $816 million a year. Although the limit provision is consistent with the overall intent of the 1972 Congress, it can have effects that may have been unintended and that some policymakers might consider unusual. Persons who delay receipt of Social Security benefits usually receive higher monthly benefit amounts, but a widow(er) who faces a limit cannot increase his or her monthly benefit through delayed receipt of benefits. Thus, many persons who are widowed before the NRA face strong incentives to claim benefits early. That is somewhat unusual because the actuarial adjustments under Social Security are approximately fair, so there are no cost savings to the Social Security program from "forcing" a widow(er) to claim early benefits as opposed to allowing him or her to delay receipt of benefits in exchange for a higher monthly amount. And many widow(er)s would be better off if they could use the Social Security program to, in effect, save (that is, delay receipt of benefits in exchange for a higher amount later). This article analyzes two other options that would provide widow(er)s with additional filing options under Social Security. The ARLA option would ultimately help about 229,000 widow(er)s, and the cost would be small (about $69 million a year). The SARLA option would help about 117,000 widow(er)s, and the cost would be about $41 million a year. Robert J. Myers, a former Chief Actuary of Social Security, has offered a proposal that would provide relief from the widow(er)'s limit in cases in which the worker dies shortl

Weaver, D A

151

National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Automated Information Security Handbook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Automated Information Security Handbook provides NASA's overall approach to automated information systems security including discussions of such aspects as: program goals and objectives, assignment of responsibilities, risk assessment, foreign national access, contingency planning and disaster recovery, awareness training, procurement, certification, planning, and special considerations for microcomputers.

Roback, E.

1991-01-01

152

Network Security: What Non-Technical Administrators Must Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Now it is increasingly critical that community college leaders become involved in network security and partner with their directors of information technology (IT). Network security involves more than just virus protection software and firewalls. It involves vigilance and requires top executive support. Leaders can help their IT directors to

Council, Chip

2005-01-01

153

MAINTAINING HIGH RESOLUTION MASS SPECTROMETRY CAPABILITIES FOR NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMINISTRATION APPLICATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has a specialized need for analyzing low mass gas species at very high resolutions. The currently preferred analytical method is electromagnetic sector mass spectrometry. This method allows the NNSA Nuclear Security Enterprise (NSE) to resolve species of similar masses down to acceptable minimum detection limits (MDLs). Some examples of these

S. Wyrick; J. Cordaro; G. Reeves; J. Mcintosh; C. Mauldin; K. Tietze; D. Varble

2011-01-01

154

Liberal Democracy and National Security: Continuities in the Bush and Obama Administrations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The antiterrorist policy of the George W. Bush Administration established a relationship between democracy and security that implied the limitation of the former as a necessary condition for the achievement of the latter. This strategy led to the diminishing of the basic liberties promoted by liberal democracy through legal means with the putative objective of guaranteeing the security of American

Silvina M. Romano

2012-01-01

155

Consumers' Trust in Virtual Mall Shopping: The Role of Social Presence and Perceived Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzes the impact of social presence on perceived security and intention in virtual shopping malls. Following the conceptual model of social presence proposed by Hassanein and Head (2007), this study discusses social presence in a virtual environment as a complex multidimensional construct characterized by directed relationships among a set of uni-dimensional constructs. Given the rising importance of security,

Dong-Hee Shin; Youn-Joo Shin

2011-01-01

156

Nuclear Nonproliferation: National Nuclear Security Administration Has Improved the Security of Reactors in its Global Research Reactor Program, but Action Is Needed to Address Remaining Concerns.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Worldwide, about 165 research reactors use highly enriched uranium (HEU) fuel. Because HEU can also be used in nuclear weapons, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) established the Global Research Reactor Security (GRRS) program to make sec...

2009-01-01

157

Demographic Change, Social Security Systems, and Savings1  

PubMed Central

In theory, improvements in healthy life expectancy should generate increases in the average age of retirement, with little effect on savings rates. In many countries, however, retirement incentives in social security programs prevent retirement ages from keeping pace with changes in life expectancy, leading to an increased need for life-cycle savings. Analyzing a cross-country panel of macroeconomic data, we find that increased longevity raises aggregate savings rates in countries with universal pension coverage and retirement incentives, though the effect disappears in countries with pay-as-you-go systems and high replacement rates.

Bloom, David E.; Canning, David; Mansfield, Richard K.; Moore, Michael

2009-01-01

158

75 FR 18867 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security Transportation Security Administration-011...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Security Intelligence Service Operations Files Systems of Records AGENCY: Privacy Office...Security Intelligence Service Operations Files previously published on December 10, 2004...Intelligence Service (TSIS) Operations Files System of Records (69 FR 71828,...

2010-04-13

159

Social Security Claims of Psychiatric Disability: Elements of Case Adjudication and the Role of Primary Care Physicians.  

PubMed

When first introduced into law, social security was designed to safeguard economic security for U.S. citizens who were retired or disabled. Primary care physicians are often contacted by the Social Security Administration (SSA) to provide clinical information about the impairments affecting their patients who have applied for disability. The disability determination process is often elusive to physicians. This article is written to describe the process involved in adjudicating disability claims according to SSA standards. Because psychiatric disturbances constitute the largest reason for applications for disability, this article addresses the sorts of information required of clinicians that would expedite disability adjudication of claims involving psychiatric disorders. Practical suggestions are offered for clinicians to employ when preparing medical reports. The potential impact of the disability claim on the doctor-patient relationship is also discussed. PMID:15014593

Leo, Raphael J.; Del Regno, Paula

2001-12-01

160

INTERNET SECURE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN CITIZENS AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing number of Internet users forecasts a great importance of this communication mechanism in the near future, and both the Public Administrations and the citizens can substantially benefit from it. Although there are already some working experiences that try to make use of Internet to communicate them, two are the main technological issues that prevent the Public Administrations from

Jorge Davila; Lidia Fuentes; Javier Lopez; Jose M. Troya; A. Vallecillo

161

Access Rights Administration in Role-Based Security Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the concept of role-based protection and, in particular, roleorganization. From basic role relationships, a model for role organization is developed.The role graph model, its operator semantics based on graph theory and algorithms forrole administration are proposed. The role graph model, in our view, presents a verygeneralized form of role organization for access rights administration. It is shown

Matunda Nyanchama; Sylvia L. Osborn

1994-01-01

162

Impact of Capitation Payment: The Social Security Scheme of Thailand. Major Applied Research Working Paper 4.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1990, Thailand introduced a Social Security Scheme (SSS), a compulsory social insurance scheme that covers formal sector private employees. The SSS contracts with hospitals (main contractors, MCs) at a capitation rate to cover all services SSS benefici...

W. C. Yip S. Supakankunti J. Sriratanaban W. S. Janjaroen S. Pongpanich

2001-01-01

163

Social Security and Medicare Trust Funds and the Federal Budget: An Expanded Exposition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Social Security and Medicare provide cash and in-kind benefits to nearly forty million people each year. These social insurance programs are financed largely through payroll contributions, income taxes on benefits received, premiums, and federal general f...

2004-01-01

164

20 CFR 655.665 - Notice to the Department of Homeland Security and the Employment and Training Administration.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Notice to the Department of Homeland Security and the Employment and Training Administration...Ports § 655.665 Notice to the Department of Homeland Security and the Employment and Training...

2013-04-01

165

Modeling Alternative Solutions to the Long-Run Social Security Funding Problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a Social Security simulation model. Combining data from the 1975 Social Security Exact Match File, which merges individual records from the1975 Current Population Survey with OASI earnings and benefit records, with a model of income growth, retirement and labor force participation patterns, life expectancy, age-earnings profiles, etc., we present estimates of a variety of types of information

Michael J. Boskin; Marcy Avrin; Kenneth Cone

1983-01-01

166

The Social Security reform debate: effects of financial and labor market institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social Security is a defined benefit (DB) pension plan. Proposals for reforming Social Security suggest replacing it with a defined contribution (DC) savings plan. This paper compares the financial and non-financial aspects of DB pensions and DC savings plans, and discusses how changing financial and labor markets affect the interpretation of these plans. Recent wage stagnation has strengthened the arguments

Douglas V Orr

2002-01-01

167

Social Information Processing, Security of Attachment, and Emotion Regulation in Children with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the contribution of attachment security and emotion regulation (ER) to the explanation of social information processing (SIP) in middle childhood boys with learning disabilities (LD) and without LD matched on age and grade level. Children analyzed four social vignettes using Dodge's SIP model and completed the Kerns security

Bauminger, Nirit; Kimhi-Kind, Ilanit

2008-01-01

168

77 FR 67724 - Rescission of Social Security Acquiescence Ruling 05-1(9)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...decision of a United States Court of Appeals that...of a provision of the Social Security Act (the Act...the regulations, that state intestacy law determines...Capato v. Commissioner of Social Security, 631 F.3d...2011), the United States Court of Appeals...

2012-11-13

169

Social security in a non-altruistic model with uncertainty and endogenous fertility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of social security on fertility and saving is analyzed within a nonaltruistic model of intergenerational transfers, both in the absence and in the presence of a perfect capital market. Fertility is reduced by a budget balanced increase in social security if the individuals have a high degree of risk aversion. Savings are unambiguously increased by an expansion of

Furio Camillo Rosati

1996-01-01

170

A Guanxi Shibboleth based Security Infrastructure for e-Social Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

An e-Social Science infrastructure generally has security requirements to protect their restricted resources or services. As a widely accepted authentication and authorization technology, Shibboleth supports the sharing of resources on inter- institutional federation. Guanxi is an open source implementation of the Shibboleth protocol and architecture. In this paper, we propose a security infrastructure for e-social science based on the Guanxi

Wei Jie; Alistair Young; Junaid Arshad

171

Social Security in Theory and Practice (I): Facts and Political Theories  

Microsoft Academic Search

166 countries have some kind of public old age pension. What economic forces create and sustain old age Social Security as a public program? We document some of the internationally and historically common features of Social Security programs including explicit and implicit taxes on labor supply, pay-as-you-go features, intergenerational redistribution, benefits which are increasing functions of lifetime earnings and not

Casey B. Mulligan; Xavier Xavier Sala-i-Martin

1999-01-01

172

Social Security Statistics Canada and Provinces 1970-71 to 1994-95  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Minister of Human Resources Development Canada has recently placed this report online. Organized by Province, the report contains annual data on expenditures and beneficiaries for a comprehensive set of income security and social services programs, over the 25-year period 1970-71 to 1994-95. Health and education expenditures are also included for computation of total social security expenditures.

1994-01-01

173

First Annual Report to Congress on Title XX of the Social Security Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual report to Congress on Title XX of the Social Security Act reports on the operation of the 1976 fiscal year program. Preceding the report are descriptive highlights of the program. Title XX of the Social Security Act changes the role and relationships of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare; the individual states; and

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC.

174

[Evolution of worker's health in the social security medical examination in Brazil].  

PubMed

In order to analyze the practice of the social security medical examination starting from the introduction of the worker's health paradigms, data was gathered on the granting of social security disability benefits to assess worker illness based on notification of work-related accidents in the cement industries of Rio de Janeiro. From 2007 to 2009 there was only one notification, which involved a worker handling toxic waste instead of the energy matrix. However, the analysis revealed sources and mechanisms of illness overlooked in the social security medical examination, which is still focused on the one-cause-only logic of occupational medicine. To achieve the worker's health paradigms, changes are required to alter the way of conducting the social security medical examination, by re-establishing partnerships, training human resources, adopting epidemiological indicators, as well as setting and assessing social security goals that transcend the mere granting of disability benefits. PMID:23099769

Pinto Jnior, Afrnio Gomes; Braga, Ana Maria Cheble Bahia; Roselli-Cruz, Amadeu

2012-10-01

175

77 FR 54646 - Social Security Acquiescence Ruling (AR) 12-1(8); Correction; Petersen v. Astrue, 633 F.3d 633...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)--Title II of the Social Security Act AGENCY...in the first column, correct the ``title'' to read: Social Security Acquiescence...Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)--Title II of the Social Security Act....

2012-09-05

176

24 CFR 5.218 - Penalties for failing to disclose and verify Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01...disclose and verify Social Security and Employer... Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary...of Housing and Urban Development GENERAL HUD PROGRAM...and Verification of Social Security Numbers...

2013-04-01

177

Role mining - revealing business roles for security administration using data mining technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe the work devising a new technique for role-finding to implement Role-Based Security Administration. Our results stem from industrial projects, where large-scale customers wanted to migrate to Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) based on already existing access rights patterns in their production IT-systems.

Martin Kuhlmann; Dalia Shohat; Gerhard Schimpf

2003-01-01

178

General Services Administration Status of Efforts to Improve Management of Building Security Upgrade Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

I am pleased to be here today to discuss the General Services Administration's (GSA) progress in upgrading the security of federal buildings under its operation. As you know, following the April 19, 1995, bombing of the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma...

B. L. Ungar

1999-01-01

179

The Treatment of Peace and Security Issues in Social Studies Textbooks in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This examination of the treatment given to peace and security issues in American social studies textbooks begins by summarizing the National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS) Curriculum Guidelines and a 1983 study of high school social studies topic priorities. Following a review of past textbook studies and a brief discussion of textbook

Fleming, Dan B.

180

Exploiting vulnerability to secure user privacy on a social networking site  

Microsoft Academic Search

As (one's) social network expands, a user's privacy protection goes beyond his privacy settings and becomes a social networking problem. In this research, we aim to address some critical issues related to privacy protection: Would the highest privacy settings guarantee a secure protection? Given the open nature of social networking sites, is it possible to manage one's privacy protection? With

Pritam Gundecha; Geoffrey Barbier; Huan Liu

2011-01-01

181

75 FR 18860 - Privacy Act of 1974, Department of Homeland Security Transportation Security Administration-013...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...criminal violence or air piracy. As a result of the...of information to the media when there exists a...criminal violence or air piracy. As a result...security; a risk of air piracy or terrorism or a threat...18863

2010-04-13

182

75 FR 18863 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security Transportation Security Administration-006...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...release of information to the media when there exists a legitimate...national security; a risk of air piracy or terrorism or a threat to...proceedings. R. To the news media and the public, with the approval...computer accessible storage media. Records may also be...

2010-04-13

183

Combining Welfare-to-Work Measures with Tax credits: A New Hybrid Approach to Social Security in the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

The changes described in this article reflect a shift in social security away from social insurance and towards a mixture of social assistance, occupational or private insurance and tax credits. It suggests that what is new and distinctive about UK social security policy is the way in which a new strategy has been forged by linking the New Deal, which

Michael Adler

2004-01-01

184

Social Security and the Retirement and Savings Behavior of Low Income Households1  

PubMed Central

In this paper, we develop and estimate a model of retirement and savings incorporating limited borrowing, stochastic wage offers, health status and survival, social security benefits, Medicare and employer provided health insurance coverage, and intentional bequests. The model is estimated on sample of relatively poor households from the first three waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), for whom we would expect social security income to be of particular importance. The estimated model is used to simulate the responses to changes in social security rules, including changes in benefit levels, in the payroll tax, in the social security earnings tax and in early and normal retirement ages. Welfare and budget consequences are estimated.

van der Klaauw, Wilbert; Wolpin, Kenneth I.

2011-01-01

185

Security Analysis of Information Systems Taking into Account Social Engineering Attacks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper suggests an attack trees based approach to security analysis of information systems. The approach considers both software-technical and social engineering attacks. It extends the approach to network security analysis based on software-technical attacks which was suggested earlier by the authors of this paper. The main difference is in generalizing the suggested approach for information systems and in use

Igor V. Kotenko; Mikhail Stepashkin; Elena Doynikova

2011-01-01

186

Daily Experiences of Emotions and Social Contexts of Securely and Insecurely Attached Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined daily emotions and social contexts of young adults who differed in global attachment style (secure vs. insecure). Sixty-nine college students (41% male, 59% female) completed self-report measures of attachment and provided time-sampling data on moods, companionship, and activities using the experience sampling method. Secure (n

Torquati, Julia C.; Raffaelli, Marcela

2004-01-01

187

Privacy and Security in Multi-modal User Interface Modeling for Social Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses privacy and security issues regarding the modeling of multi-modal user interfaces for social media applications. The proposed approach describes how privacy and security concerns are modeled from the user interface perspective, and how this model is related to a four layer conceptual framework for developing multi-modal and multi platform user interfaces. The approach also explains how to

Mohamed Bourimi; Ricardo Tesoriero; Pedro G. Villanueva; Fatih Karatas; Philipp Schwarte

2011-01-01

188

Privacy and Security in Multi-modal User Interface Modeling for SocialMedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses privacy and security issues regarding the modeling of multi-modal user interfaces for social media applications. The proposed approach describes how privacy and security concerns are modeled from the user interface perspective, and how this model is related to a four layer conceptual framework for developing multi-modal and multi platform user interfaces. The approach also explains how to

M. Bourimi; Ricardo Tesoriero; P. G. Villanueva; F. Karatas; P. Schwarte

2011-01-01

189

Implementation of a Socially Engineered Worm to Increase Information Security Awareness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer users are seen as the weakest link in the computer security chain. These users are deceived into executing malicious code through the utilisation of social engineering tactics combined with for example e-mail technology. Computer users across all levels in companies are subject to these types of security attacks. The problem is to determine which of these users require further

Erlo Meister; Elmarie Biermann

2008-01-01

190

Outcomes After Initial Receipt of Social Security Benefits Among Homeless Veterans With Mental Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study examined the relationship between receiving dis- ability payments and changes in health status, community adjustment, and subjective quality of life. Methods: The study evaluated outcomes among homeless mentally ill veterans who applied for Social Security Disability Insurance or Supplemental Security Income through a spe- cial outreach program. Veterans who were awarded benefits were com- pared with those

Robert A. Rosenheck; David J. Dausey; Linda Frisman

2000-01-01

191

Infusing Aging and Public Policy Content into Gerontology Courses: Collaborative Learning Methods To Teach about Social Security and Medicare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes modules on Social Security and Medicare for gerontology policy courses. Discusses collaborative exercises in which students explore Internet resources on Social Security and health care finance, identity major concerns about reforms, and enact scenarios about retirees with varying degrees of income and health care security. (Contains 33

Cianciolo, Patricia K.; Henderson, Tammy L.

2003-01-01

192

Becoming an Administrator: The Socialization of an Assistant Principal through an Autoethnographic Lens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is part of a limited but growing body of research that examines and describes the social side of public school administration. Most training programs that prepare public school administrators are highly effective with regard to providing students the theoretical foundation that surrounds administrative roles. But as the literature

Lattuca, F. Patrick, III.

2012-01-01

193

Who Said School Administration Would Be Fun?: Coping With a New Emotional and Social Reality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School administrators fill a crucial need in education, but all too often their social and emotional worlds turn upside-down when they make this momentous career move. This second edition provides an insightful look at the unwritten and unspoken rules of school administration, helping new and sitting administrators work through the initial

Sigford, Jane L.

2005-01-01

194

31 CFR 901.3 - Collection by administrative offset.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Payments made under the Social Security Act...may exempt other classes of payments from...payments made under the Social Security Act (42...consultation with the Social Security Administration...matching agreements and post-match notification...payments under the Civil Service...

2013-07-01

195

Administrator Highlights U.S.-Georgian Nuclear Security Cooperation in Tbilisi  

SciTech Connect

NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino highlighted the strong U.S.-Georgian cooperation on nuclear security issues during a day-long visit to the Republic of Georgia in mid-June. He briefed the media at availability at the Tbilisi airport. In April 2009, President Obama outlined an ambitious agenda to secure vulnerable nuclear material around the world within four years, calling the danger of a terrorist acquiring nuclear weapons "the most immediate and extreme threat to global security." In this year's State of the Union, he called the threat of nuclear weapons, "the greatest danger to the American people." In order to meet that challenge, the President's FY2011 Budget Request includes close to $2.7 billion for the National Nuclear Security Administration's Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation program -- an increase of 25.7 percent over FY2010. Included in that request is NNSA's Second Line of Defense (SLD) program, which works around the world to strengthen the capability of foreign governments to deter, detect, and interdict illicit trafficking in nuclear and other radioactive materials across international borders and through the global maritime shipping system.

Thomas D'Agostino

2010-07-16

196

Administrator Highlights U.S.-Georgian Nuclear Security Cooperation in Tbilisi  

ScienceCinema

NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino highlighted the strong U.S.-Georgian cooperation on nuclear security issues during a day-long visit to the Republic of Georgia in mid-June. He briefed the media at availability at the Tbilisi airport. In April 2009, President Obama outlined an ambitious agenda to secure vulnerable nuclear material around the world within four years, calling the danger of a terrorist acquiring nuclear weapons "the most immediate and extreme threat to global security." In this year's State of the Union, he called the threat of nuclear weapons, "the greatest danger to the American people." In order to meet that challenge, the President's FY2011 Budget Request includes close to $2.7 billion for the National Nuclear Security Administration's Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation program -- an increase of 25.7 percent over FY2010. Included in that request is NNSA's Second Line of Defense (SLD) program, which works around the world to strengthen the capability of foreign governments to deter, detect, and interdict illicit trafficking in nuclear and other radioactive materials across international borders and through the global maritime shipping system.

197

Administrator Highlights U.S.-Georgian Nuclear Security Cooperation in Tbilisi  

ScienceCinema

NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino highlighted the strong U.S.-Georgian cooperation on nuclear security issues during a day-long visit to the Republic of Georgia in mid-June. He briefed the media at availability at the Tbilisi airport. In April 2009, President Obama outlined an ambitious agenda to secure vulnerable nuclear material around the world within four years, calling the danger of a terrorist acquiring nuclear weapons "the most immediate and extreme threat to global security." In this year's State of the Union, he called the threat of nuclear weapons, "the greatest danger to the American people." In order to meet that challenge, the President's FY2011 Budget Request includes close to $2.7 billion for the National Nuclear Security Administration's Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation program -- an increase of 25.7 percent over FY2010. Included in that request is NNSA's Second Line of Defense (SLD) program, which works around the world to strengthen the capability of foreign governments to deter, detect, and interdict illicit trafficking in nuclear and other radioactive materials across international borders and through the global maritime shipping system.

Thomas D'Agostino

2010-09-01

198

Reassembling Social Security: A Survey of Pensions and Health Care Reforms in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reform of social security pensions and healthcare is a key issue for the modern world, and in many ways Latin America has acted as a social laboratory for the reform of these systems. From the reforms that took place in Chile in 1981, most pension and health care systems in the region have seen reform, and been fully or

Carmelo Mesa-Lago

199

NIOSH Health Hazard Evaluation Report: HETA No. 2004-0146-2947, Transportation Security Administration-Miami International Airport, Miami, Florida.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On February 20, 2004, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) received a health hazard evaluation (HHE) request from the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) at the Miami International Airport in Miami, Florida. The HHE r...

2004-01-01

200

Safety, Security, and Privacy for Female Veterans at a Chicago, IL Homeless Grant Provider Facility. Veterans Health Administration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We are providing this memorandum to advise of serious female veteran housing safety, security, and privacy issues discovered during on-going audit work that require immediate Veterans Health Administration management attention. These issues emerged while ...

2011-01-01

201

Social security and mortality: The role of income support policies and population health in the United States  

PubMed Central

Social Security is the most important and effective income support program ever introduced in the United States, alleviating the burden of poverty for millions of elderly Americans. We explored the possible role of Social Security in reducing mortality among the elderly. In support of this hypothesis, we found that declines in mortality among the elderly exceeded those among younger age groups following the initial implementation of Social Security in 1940, and also in the periods following marked improvements in Social Security benefits via legislation and indexing of benefits that occurred between the mid-1960s and the early 1970s. A better understanding of the link between Social Security and health status among the elderly would add a significant and missing dimension to the public discourse over the future of Social Security, and the potential role of income support programs in reducing health-related socioeconomic disparities and improving population health.

Arno, Peter S.; House, James S.; Viola, Deborah; Schechter, Clyde

2011-01-01

202

Medicare and Social Security: fraud and abuse; civil money penalties for misuse of certain terms, symbols and emblems--HHS. Final rule.  

PubMed

This final rule implements section 428(a) of Public Law 100-360 which authorizes the imposition of civil money penalties for the use--in advertising, solicitations or other communications--of certain words, letters, symbols or emblems associated with the Department of Health and Human Services' Social Security and Medicare programs in a manner that the user knows, or should know, would convey a false impression that (1) the communicated item was approved, endorsed or authorized by the Department or its programs, or (2) the responsible person or organization has some connection with, or authorization from, the Department or these programs. This rulemaking is designed to assist in protecting citizens from misrepresentations concerning the services offered and programs administered by the Social Security Administration and the Health Care Financing Administration. PMID:10113841

1991-08-28

203

78 FR 55274 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security/Transportation Security Administration-DHS...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...screening at participating U.S. airport security checkpoints. Additionally...screening at participating U.S. airport security checkpoints.\\2\\ TSA Pre...will continue to be screened at airport security checkpoints according to...

2013-09-10

204

The impact of rehabilitation and counseling services on the labor market activity of Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) beneficiaries.  

PubMed

We use data from a social experiment to estimate the impact of a rehabilitation and counseling program on the labor market activity of newly entitled Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) beneficiaries. Our results indicate that the program led to a 4.6 percentage point increase in the receipt of employment services within the first year following random assignment and a 5.1 percentage point increase in participation in the Social Security Administration's Ticket to Work program within the first three years following random assignment. The program led to a 5.3 percentage point increase, or almost 50 percent increase, in employment, and an $831 increase in annual earnings in the second calendar year after the calendar year of random assignment. The employment and earnings impacts are smaller and not statistically significant in the third calendar year following random assignment, and we describe SSDI rules that are consistent with this finding. Our findings indicate that disability reform proposals focusing on restoring the work capacity of people with disabilities can increase the disability employment rate. PMID:24988653

Weathers, Robert R; Bailey, Michelle Stegman

2014-01-01

205

A multidisciplinary doctoral research program in administrative sciences.The economic and social impact of public administration europeanization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the current paper, we aim to formulate the objectives, contents and syllabus of a discipline that will approach the complex issue of evaluating the economic and social impact of public administration Europeanization in a methodological and educational way. The research topic is new on one hand, determined by the behaviour novelty of EU against the Member States, which have

Ani Matei; Lucica Matei

2010-01-01

206

Succession Socialization: Its Influence on School Administrative Candidates and Its Implication to the Exclusion of Minorities from Administration. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Succession socialization is the movement of an aspirant from candidate to protege to administrator. The 'rites of passage' are delineated as announcement, training, and advancement. The vehicle is the sponsorship mode which entails identification, adoption, and molding of the protege in the attitudinal image of the sponsor. Completion of

Valverde, Leonard A.

207

The systems approach to airport security: The FAA (Federal Aviation Administration)/BWI (Baltimore-Washington International) Airport demonstration project  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories has been involved in designing, installing and evaluating security systems for various applications during the past 15 years. A systems approach to security that evolved from this experience was applied to aviation security for the Federal Aviation Administration. A general systems study of aviation security in the United States was concluded in 1987. One result of the study was a recommendation that an enhanced security system concept designed to meet specified objectives be demonstrated at an operational airport. Baltimore-Washington International Airport was selected as the site for the demonstration project which began in 1988 and will be completed in 1992. This article introduced the systems approach to airport security and discussed its application at Baltimore-Washington International Airport. Examples of design features that could be included in an enhanced security concept also were presented, including details of the proposed Ramps Area Intrusion Detection System (RAIDS).

Caskey, D.L.; Olascoaga, M.T.

1990-01-01

208

Social rank, chronic ethanol self-administration, and diurnal pituitary-adrenal activity in cynomolgus monkeys  

PubMed Central

Rationale Dominance hierarchies affect ethanol self-administration, with greater intake among subordinate animals compared to dominant animals. Excessive ethanol intake disrupts circadian rhythms. Diurnal rhythms of the hypothalamicpituitaryadrenal axis have not been characterized in the context of ethanol self-administration with regard to social rank. Objective This study aimed to determine whether diurnal pituitaryadrenal hormonal rhythms account for differences between social ranks in ethanol self-administration or are differentially affected by ethanol self-administration between social ranks. Methods During alternating individual (n=1112) and social (n=3 groups) housing of male cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), diurnal measures of cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) were obtained from plasma samples three times per week. Social rank was determined, ethanol (4 %, w/v) self-administration was induced, and then the monkeys were allowed a choice of water or ethanol for 22 h/day for 49 weeks. Results For all social ranks, plasma ACTH was elevated during social housing, but cortisol was stable, although greater among dominant monkeys. Ethanol self-administration blunted the effect of social housing, cortisol, and the diurnal rhythm for both hormones, regardless of daily ethanol intake (1.24.2 g/kg/day). Peak ACTH and cortisol were more likely to be observed in the morning during ethanol access. Ethanol, not vehicle, intake was lower during social housing across social ranks. Only dominant monkeys showed significantly lower bloodethanol concentration during social housing. Conclusions There was a low threshold for disruption of diurnal pituitary rhythms by ethanol drinking, but sustained adrenal corticosteroid rhythms. Protection against heavy drinking among dominant monkeys may have constrained ethanol intoxication, possibly to preserve dominance rank.

McClintick, Megan N.; Grant, Kathleen A.

2012-01-01

209

Purchasing power of U.S. Social Security benefits abroad, 1970-82.  

PubMed

This article examines whether the small number of Social Security beneficiaries living abroad enjoy a higher standard of living than they would with the same benefits if they lived in the United States. The article addresses this question using two methods. First, absolute comparisons of U.S. dollar purchasing power abroad are made using "purchasing power parities," a method recently developed to allow international comparisons of real standards of living. Second, the effects of changes in Social Security benefit levels, exchange rates, and rates of inflation on the relative value of benefits abroad are measured. Both methods show considerable instability in purchasing power of Social Security benefits in the 1970's. Although beneficiaries in 1970 generally could live better abroad than in the United States, this advantage eroded considerably during the 1970's, followed by some improvement in 1981-82. PMID:6635898

Aldrich, J; Fox, A; Lopez, E

1983-09-01

210

Informal Social Networks amongst Administrative Staff at a University Hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we apply Social Network Analysis and Agent Based Simulation techniques to visualize and explore informal social networks amongst staff at the Akdeniz University Hospital to assess and evaluate properties of the organization in term s of its ability to share knowledge and innovate, which is crucial for healthcare organizations delivering a health service. We first prepared an

Ugur Bilge; Utku Senol; Osman Saka

2009-01-01

211

[Birth of the "Social Security" in Alsace-Lorraine].  

PubMed

For a long time healthy and socially disabled people have been helped by caritative institutions, primarily religious ones, with only occasional involvement of the state. The problem was raised by the economic revolution in the XIXth century, with particular emphasis on the highly industrialized countries, such as Alsace and Lorraine. The development of public healthcare, as well as the help to socially disabled people in these two areas (particularly in the spinning factories of Mulhouse, the iron works and the coal-mines of Moselle) have undoubtedly come before and lead to the social laws that were promulgated between 1883 and 1889 by Bismark and then in France after 1919. PMID:19069200

Mantz, Jean-Marie

2008-05-01

212

Bounding the Effects of Social Experiments: Accounting for Attrition in Administrative Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Social experiments frequently exploit data from administrative records. However, most administrative data systems are designed to track earnings or benefit payments among residents within a single state. When an experimental participant moves across state lines, his entries in the data system of his state of origin consist entirely of

Grogger, Jeffrey

2012-01-01

213

Social work in the Veterans Health Administration (VA) System: rewards, challenges, roles and interventions.  

PubMed

For the social worker in the Veterans Health Administration (VA) System, numerous challenges are faced and met while serving the nation's Veterans. As part of the multidisciplinary team, social workers perform a variety of tasks and function in diverse roles. The qualitative survey research reported in this article sought to detail what social workers identified about the impact and rewards of their work and what they saw as the challenges and frustrations. In addition the social workers were asked to clarify their role with the patient and the family. Intervention strategies used in the course of the social workers interaction with the Veterans was also ascertained. PMID:23701576

Beder, Joan; Postiglione, Paul

2013-01-01

214

Toward New Human Rights: The Social Policies of the Kennedy and Johnson Administrations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social programs of the Kennedy and Johnson Administrations which were designed to extend basic rights to all citizens and to develop new social rights for those in need are examined in this book of papers presented at a conference. The initiation and development of the various programs are described and analyzed by scholars and policy makers.

Warner, David C., Ed.

215

Social Exclusion and Land Administration in Orissa, India  

Microsoft Academic Search

May 1999Which factors prevent the rural poor and other socially excluded groups from having access to land in Orissa, India?The authors report on the first empirical study of its kind to examine--from the perspective of transaction costs--factors that constrain access to land for the rural poor and other socially excluded groups in India. They find that:-Land reform has reduced large

Robin Mearns; Saurabh Sinha

1999-01-01

216

24 CFR 886.305 - Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers by owners.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01...Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer... Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT...OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8 HOUSING...and verification of Social Security and...

2013-04-01

217

Earnings Sharing in the U.S. Social Security System: A Microsimulation Analysis of Future Female Retirees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: As part of an ongoing effort to analyze the distributional implications of potential policy reforms to the U.S. Social Security system, we consider the widely discussed reform of earnings sharing. Such an approach has been viewed as a way to "update" Social Security's family benefits based on marital status and as a means to make the

Iams, Howard M.; Reznik, Gayle L.; Tamborini, Christopher R.

2010-01-01

218

Social Security Numbers: Private Sector Entities Routinely Obtain and Use SSNs, and Laws Limit the Disclosure of This Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Social Security number (SSN) is used for a myriad of non-Social Security purposes. Private and public sector entities frequently ask individuals for SSNs in order to conduct their business and sometimes to comply with federal laws. Certain private sec...

2004-01-01

219

THE LABOR SUPPLY EFFECT OF SOCIAL SECURITY EARNINGS TEST REVISITED: NEW EVIDENCE FROM ITS ELIMINATION AND REVIVAL IN JAPAN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence on the effect of the social security earnings test on the labor supply of the elderly continues to be mixed. We utilize microlevel data compiled by the Japanese government in order to examine the labor supply effect for those aged 6569 before and after two majo reforms of the social security earnings test in Japan: its elimination in 1985

Satoshi Shimizutani; Takashi Oshio

2008-01-01

220

The Labor Supply Effect of Social Security Earnings Test Revisited: New Evidence from its Elimination and Revival in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence on the effect of the social security earnings test on the labor supply of the elderly continues to be mixed. We utilize micro-level data compiled by the Japanese government in order to examine the labor supply effect for those aged 65-69 before and after two major reforms of the social security earnings test in Japan: its elimination in 1985

Satoshi Shimizutani; Takashi Oshio

2008-01-01

221

The Social Structure of a National Securities Market.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Behavior by traders in the stock options market is not governed strictly by economic criteria. Trading among participants exhibited distinct social structural patterns that dramatically affected the direction and magnitude of price changes. Findings are discussed in relationship to microeconomic theory, and implications for public policy are

Baker, Wayne E.

1984-01-01

222

Ethnicizing Poverty through Social Security Provision in Rural Hungary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural poverty has become an increasingly ethnicised category for the majority society in contemporary Hungary. The article aims to explore the process and practice of social exclusion and ethnicisation in relation to mutual effects of post-socialist welfare restructuring and changing discourse on poverty in the post-socialist rural reality. The

Schwarcz, Gyongyi

2012-01-01

223

A Social Infrastructure for Hometown Security: Advancing the Homeland Security Paradigm  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States, through a concerted national effort that galvanizes the strengths and capabilities of Federal, State, local, and Tribal governments; the private and non- profit sectors; and regions, communities, and individual citizens - along with our partners in the international community - will work to achieve a secure Homeland that sustains our way of life as a free, prosperous,

Robert Bach; David J. Kaufman

224

Effects of Argentina's Social Security Reform on Labor Markets and Poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1994, Argentina introduced Pension Reform and Unemployment Benefits as a major reform component to its social security system. This papers analyzes the effects of introducing new individual accounts in the pension system -which was under effect between 1994 and 2008- over wages, employment and poverty. While the macroeconomic effects of a change in the pension system is an issue

Maria Laura Alzua; Hernan Ruffo

2011-01-01

225

Predicting Preschoolers' Attachment Security from Parenting Behaviours, Parents' Attachment Relationships and Their Use of Social Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Associations between preschoolers' attachment security, parenting behaviours (i.e. parent-child involvement, parenting consistency and co-parenting consistency) and parenting context (i.e. parents' internal working models (IWMs) and use of social support) were examined in a sample of 235 culturally diverse families. The authors predicted that

Coyl, Diana D.; Newland, Lisa A.; Freeman, Harry

2010-01-01

226

An empirical analysis of the social security disability application, appeal, and award process  

Microsoft Academic Search

We provide an empirical analysis of the Social Security disability application, award, and appeal process using the Health and Retirement Survey (HRS). We show that the appeal option increases the award probability from 46% to 73%. However, this comes at the cost of significant delays: the duration between application and award is over three times longer for those who are

Hugo Ben??tez-Silva; Moshe Buchinsky; Hiu Man Chan; John Rust; Sofia Sheidvasser

1999-01-01

227

Social Security: The Trust Fund Reserve Accumulation, the Economy, and the Federal Budget.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This GAO report discusses the current financing plan for the Social Security trust funds, as well as the funds' relationship to the federal budget and the long-term health of the economy. GAO also discusses policy options with respect to the scheduled acc...

1989-01-01

228

Predicting Preschoolers' Attachment Security from Fathers' Involvement, Internal Working Models, and Use of Social Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Associations between preschoolers' attachment security, fathers' involvement (i.e. parenting behaviors and consistency) and fathering context (i.e. fathers' internal working models (IWMs) and use of social support) were examined in a subsample of 102 fathers, taken from a larger sample of 235 culturally diverse US families. The authors predicted

Newland, Lisa A.; Coyl, Diana D.; Freeman, Harry

2008-01-01

229

The Growth in the Social Security Disability Rolls: A Fiscal Crisis Unfolding  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than 80 percent of nonelderly U.S. adults are insured against the risk of disabling physical or mental illness by Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI). This article evaluates the causes of the extraordinary growth in SSDI enrollment, considers its fiscal ramifications, and discusses potential policy responses. While aggregate population health has improved by most measures in recent decades, the rate

David H. Autor; Mark G. Duggan

2006-01-01

230

Social Security and Institutions for Intergenerational, Intragenerational, and International Risk Sharing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social security system old age insurance systems are devices for the sharing of income risks of elderly people with others. Risks can be shared intergenerationally (with the young of the same country), intragenerationally (with other elderly of the same country), or internationally (with foreigners). Barriers to individuals themselves sharing their risks intergenerationally, intragenerationally, or internationally are described. Optimal design of

Robert J. Shiller

1998-01-01

231

A Case of Malingering by Proxy in a Social Security Disability Psychological Consultative Examination  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term malingered neurocognitive dysfunction by proxy was discussed by Slick, Sherman, and Iverson (1999) as part of the differential for defining malingering when a patient is responding to directions or pressure from others. In Chafetz (2008), rates of symptom validity failure in children whose parents are seeking Social Security Disability (SSD) on their behalf were presented and showed 20%

Michael Chafetz; Erica Prentkowski

2011-01-01

232

Welfare Spending and Mortality Rates for the Elderly Before the Social Security Era  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the impact of the original means-tested Old Age Assistance (OAA) programs on the health of the elderly prior to the first Social Security pension payments. Before 1935 a number of states had enacted their own OAA laws. After 1935 the federal government began offering matching grants and thus stimulated the adoption of OAA programs by the states. A

Adrian Stoian; Price V. Fishback

2009-01-01

233

Welfare spending and mortality rates for the elderly before the Social Security era  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the impact of the original means-tested old-age assistance (OAA) programs on the health of the elderly prior to the first Social Security pension payments. Before 1935 a number of states had enacted their own OAA laws. After 1935 the federal government began offering matching grants and thus stimulated the adoption of OAA programs by the states. A new

Adrian Stoian; Price V. Fishback

2010-01-01

234

AARP Online Portrayal of Social Security: Engaging Aging Baby Boomers through Interaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although baby boomers were not the sole focus of the American Association of Retired Persons' (AARP) website content on the issue of Social Security reform, their interests were addressed in a variety of ways. AARP provided information, position statements, a live chat forum, and message boards. Additionally, AARP had a partnership with the Rock

Hilt, Michael L.; Lipschultz, Jeremy H.

2006-01-01

235

Retirement and Social Security Reform Expectations: A Solution to the New Early Retirement Puzzle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the persistent increase in life expectancy, combined with an increas ing penalty for ear- lier benefit take-up under the Old Age Benefits Program of Social Secur ity, people continue to claim benefits before the Normal Retirement Age (NRA) in record numbers . Furthermore, almost 60% of Americans claim at the earliest possible age. We solve and simulate a realis-

Hugo Ben itez-Silva; Debra S. Dwyer; SUNY-Stony Brook; Frank Heiland; Warren C. Sanderson

2007-01-01

236

The Impact of Social Security Reforms on Female Unemployment Compensation Claimants in Ireland  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of Ireland's accession to the EU, a series of social security reforms establishing equality of treatment of females and males with regard to entitlement to and rate and duration of receipt of unemployment compensation was implemented during the period 1973 to 1986. Using modern time series econometrics we estimate their impact on the transitions to and from

MICHAEL J. HARRISON; ERIC A. STROBL; PATRICK P. WALSH

1998-01-01

237

Influence of Social Security Tax Reform on Shadow Economy: Unofficial Agreement and Conflict of Interests  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public discussion around social security tax reform is mostly concentrated on the size of possible rate cuts. At the same time, game-theoretic analysis shows that the existing mechanism of tax collection and calculation stimulates tax evasion. The stimulating effect is based on the mutual interest of employer and employee in tax minimization schemes, which results in establishing unofficial agreements between

V. Osakovsky

2005-01-01

238

Social Security: Issues in Comparing Rates of Return with Market Investments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As the Congress and the nation have examined how best to restore the long-term solvency of the Social Security system, many proposals to restructure the system to include individual accounts have been offered. Many who favor individual account proposals p...

1999-01-01

239

Experiences using social networks in Spanish public administrations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public administrations are developing several mechanisms to increase the reception level or the impact of the information that they communicate (i.e public policy-making or public service delivery) using for this, marketing techniques. Therefore, we may consider the concept of marketing in the public sector as the process of identifying the needs of a target audience to try to meet them,

J. Ignacio Criado; Yolanda E.-Martn; David Camacho

2011-01-01

240

National Security in the Nuclear Age. A Conference for State Social Studies Coordinators on Pre-Collegiate National Security Education (Washington, DC, June 26-July 1, 1983).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference report addresses education on national security and international relations in secondary school courses in the social studies. Main conclusions of the conference are: (1) Topics on national security should be added to the secondary school curriculum. (2) Current institutional and instructional settings are open to inclusion of

Trout, B. Thomas; And Others

241

Positive Socialization Mechanisms in Secure and Insecure Parent-Child Dyads: Two Longitudinal Studies  

PubMed Central

Background Implications of early attachment have been extensively studied, but little is known about its long-term indirect sequelae, where early security organization moderates future parent-child relationships, serving as a catalyst for adaptive and maladaptive processes. Two longitudinal multi-trait multi-method studies examined whether early security amplified beneficial effects of children's willing, receptive stance toward the parent on socialization outcomes. Methods We examined parent-child early attachment organization, assessed in Strange Situation at 1415 months, as moderating links between children's willing stance toward parents and socialization outcomes in Study 1 (108 mothers and children, followed to 73 months) and Study 2 (101 mothers, fathers, and children, followed to 80 months). Children's willing stance was observed as committed compliance at 14 and 22 months in Study 1, and as responsiveness to the parent in naturalistic interactions and teaching contexts at 25 and 67 months in Study 2. Socialization outcomes included children's internalization of maternal prohibition, observed at 33, 45, and 56 months, and maternal ratings of children's externalizing problems at 73 months in Study 1, and mothers' and fathers' ratings of children's Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder symptoms at 80 months in Study 2. Results Indirect effects of attachment were replicated across both studies and diverse measures: Attachment security significantly amplified the links between children's willing stance to mothers and all outcomes. Secure children's willing, cooperative stance to mothers predicted future successful socialization outcomes. Insecure children's willing stance conferred no beneficial effects. Conclusions Implications of early attachment extend to long-term, indirect developmental sequelae. Security in the first year serves as a catalyst for future positive socialization processes.

Kochanska, Grazyna; Woodard, Jarilyn; Kim, Sanghag; Koenig, Jamie L.; Yoon, Jeung Eun; Barry, Robin A.

2010-01-01

242

The Effects of a Social Media Policy on Pharmacy Students' Facebook Security Settings  

PubMed Central

Objective. To examine how students entering a doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) program used Facebook privacy settings before and after the college's social media policy was presented to them. Methods. The Facebook profiles of all entering first-year pharmacy students across 4 campuses of a college of pharmacy were evaluated. Ten dichotomous variables of interest were viewed and recorded for each student's Facebook account at 3 time points: before the start of the semester, after presentation of the college's social media policy, and at the end of the semester. Data on whether a profile could be found and what portions of the profile were viewable also were collected. Results. After introduction of the policy, a significant number of students increased their security settings (made information not visible to the public) related to Facebook walls, information pages, and links. Conclusions. Making pharmacy students aware of a college's social media policy had a positive impact on their behaviors regarding online security and privacy.

Feild, Carinda; James, Kristina

2011-01-01

243

77 FR 51842 - Social Security Acquiescence Ruling (AR) 12-X(8); Petersen v. Astrue, 633 F.3d 633 (8th Cir. 2011...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...visit our Internet site, Social Security Online, at...decision of a United States Court of Appeals that...of a provision of the Social Security Act (the Act...legal residents of a State within the Eighth Circuit, should have their Social Security benefits...

2012-08-27

244

Addressing security, privacy and confidentiality in a mobile teaching and learning assessment system for health and social care students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ALPS programme and its Mobile Technologies Project has successfully implemented a large scale, 900 user, student assessment system using Windows Mobile PDAs for students across five universities involving 16 health and social care professions. The solution addresses the security needs within the context of the teaching and health and social care environment using a multi-layered approach including social and

Robert Campbell; Trish Walker; Julie Laxton

2010-01-01

245

Guidelines for development of NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) computer security training programs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The report presents guidance for the NASA Computer Security Program Manager and the NASA Center Computer Security Officials as they develop training requirements and implement computer security training programs. NASA audiences are categorized based on the computer security knowledge required to accomplish identified job functions. Training requirements, in terms of training subject areas, are presented for both computer security program management personnel and computer resource providers and users. Sources of computer security training are identified.

Tompkins, F. G.

1983-01-01

246

An examination of reforms on the social security system of retirement based on practices in Hainan province.  

PubMed

"The first task of this article is to analyze and dissect the seven major drawbacks of the current disjointed retirement system [in China] characterized by collection of pension for immediate distribution. This will be followed by an introduction of the reforms on the social security system of elderly support for enterprise retirees carried out in Hainan Province and specific social security and elderly support practices by private businesses in Haikou, capital city of Hainan Province....Special inquiries are made regarding the necessity and feasibility of establishing a national uniform social security system of elderly support covering civil servants, enterprise workers, private business owners, managers, and employees and farmers." PMID:12319204

Zeng, Y

1994-01-01

247

The politics of dependency estimates: Social Security Board statistics, 1935-1939.  

PubMed

State theorists maintain that Social Security Board (SSB) bureaucrats managed the evolution of public welfare. Institutional politics theory more readily accepts the influences of political interest groups. SSB archival records offer an opportunity to contrast these models and explore the early measurement of old age dependency. In reports designed to protect the 1935 Social Security Act, SSB staff exaggerated the extent of dependency among elderly persons. By 1939, Board statistics clearly showed that children were more impoverished than aged persons. SSB leadership did not repudiate prior estimates and they accepted rising transfers to aged persons, largely because of the political power of interest groups interested in flat pensions. While bureaucrats attempted to control events, an institutional politics approach better explains both the pivotal role of other, political actors and the solidification of the myth of old age impoverishment. PMID:9158568

Gratton, B

1997-05-01

248

Contracting-out in the United Kingdom: a partnership between social security and private pension plans.  

PubMed

Contracting-out was introduced in the United Kingdom in 1978 as part of the arrangements for the State Earnings-Related Pension Scheme (SERPS) in order to avoid duplication with the existing well-developed defined benefit occupational pension plan sector. Members and sponsors of contracted-out schemes were able to save on their social security contributions in recognition of the fact that they were accruing equivalent benefits through an occupational pension plan. Later on this concept was extended to those with individual money purchase pension plans. This article considers a brief history of contracting-out, the principles of contracting-out, some problems associated with contracting-out, the implications of the introduction of stakeholder pensions and State Second Pension, and the latest rebate review and rebate orders. It examines how U.K. pensions policy since 1978 has been based on a partnership between social security and private pension plans. PMID:12503327

Daykin, Chris

2002-01-01

249

Guidelines for developing NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) ADP security risk management plans  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report presents guidance to NASA Computer security officials for developing ADP security risk management plans. The six components of the risk management process are identified and discussed. Guidance is presented on how to manage security risks that have been identified during a risk analysis performed at a data processing facility or during the security evaluation of an application system.

Tompkins, F. G.

1983-01-01

250

Life-cycle personal accounts proposal for Social Security: An evaluation of President Bush's proposal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The life-cycle portfolio proposal for personal accounts within a Social Security system would have the government undertake the dynamic portfolio allocation program for individuals. This paper evaluates, using U.S. historical data 18712004, several versions of conventional life-cycle portfolios. The results show disappointing performance relative to the rhetoric of the promoters of the proposal. Dynamic portfolio theory suggests that the optimal

Robert J. Shiller

2006-01-01

251

The Life-Cycle Personal Accounts Proposal for Social Security: An Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The life-cycle accounts proposal for Social Security reform has been justified by its proponents using a number of different arguments, but these arguments generally involve the assumption of a high likelihood of good returns on the accounts. A simulation is undertaken to estimate the probability distribution of returns in the accounts based on long-term historical experience. U.S. stock market, bond

Robert J. Shiller

2005-01-01

252

Expanding Health Insurance Coverage for Children Under Title XXI of the Social Security Act  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has recently released this new report. Expanding Health Insurance Coverage for Children Under Title XXI of the Social Security Act, looks at how states are responding to the creation of the State Children's Health Insurance Program, and estimates how many children may have gained health insurance coverage under the program. The report also provides estimates of uninsured children and the goals of policy makers for expanding coverage.

Office., United S.

1998-01-01

253

Retirement Incentives: The Interaction between Employer-Provided Pensions, Social Security, and Retiree Health Benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Proposed changes in the U.S. Social Security provisions include increasing the normal retirement age from 65 to 67 and changing from 3% to 8% the increase in benefits for each year that retirement is delayed after normal retirement. The paper considers the interaction between these changes and the provisions of employer-provided pension plans. For persons with an employer-provided defined benefit

Robin L. Lumsdaine; James H. Stock; David A. Wise

1994-01-01

254

Income and assets of Social Security beneficiaries by type of benefit.  

PubMed

The SIPP data have provided a first look at the relative economic status of various types of Social Security beneficiaries. They have shown that the different types of Social Security beneficiaries face very different economic circumstances. Retired workers and wife beneficiaries have the highest family incomes adjusted for family size. Aged widows and minor children have the lowest family incomes, with high proportions of poor or near poor. And disabled workers are in between, but also have high proportions of poor or near poor. Retired-worker and wife beneficiary households also have considerably more asset holdings than disabled-worker or widow beneficiary households. Beneficiaries with high family incomes are very likely to live with relatives and to rely heavily on the relatives' income. The high-income families tend to have non-means-tested sources of family income other than Social Security amounting to substantial proportions of their total income and to have high asset holdings. Conversely, beneficiaries with low family incomes are very likely to live alone or with nonrelatives, to rely heavily on Social Security and means-tested benefits, and to have low asset holdings. A majority of ever-poor beneficiaries (with the exception of widow beneficiaries) are poor in only some months of a year. This situation is not consistent with the stereotype of beneficiaries living on fixed incomes. But the change in poverty status is often due to a change in the income of other family members rather than of the beneficiary. And in some cases, a change in poverty status occurs with little or no change in income as the cost of living rises. PMID:2522682

Grad, S

1989-01-01

255

Lifetime earnings patterns, the distribution of future Social Security benefits, and the impact of pension reform.  

PubMed

In order to assess the effect of Social Security reform on current and future workers, it is essential to accurately characterize the initial situations of representative workers affected by reform. For the purpose of analyzing typical reforms, the most important characteristic of a worker is the level and pattern of his or her preretirement earnings. Under the current system, pensions are determined largely by the level of the workers' earnings averaged over their work life. However, several reform proposals would create individual retirement accounts for which the pension would depend on the investment accumulation within the account. Thus, the pension would also depend on the timing of the contributions into the account and hence on the exact shape of the worker's lifetime earnings profile. Most analysis of the distributional impact of reform has focused, however, on calculating benefit changes among a handful of hypothetical workers whose relative earnings are constant over their work life. The earnings levels are not necessarily chosen to represent the situations of workers who have typical or truly representative earnings patterns. Consequently, the results of such analysis can be misleading, especially if reform involves introducing a fundamentally new kind of pension formula. This article presents two broad approaches to creating representative earnings profiles for policy evaluation. First, we use standard econometric methods to predict future earnings for a representative sample of workers drawn from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). Our statistical estimates are based on a simple representation of typical career earnings paths and a fixed-effect statistical specification. Because our estimation file contains information on each worker's annual earnings from 1951 through 1996 as reported in the Social Security Administration's earnings files, we have a record (though an incomplete one) of the actual earnings that will be used to determine future benefit payments. Our estimates of the earnings function permit us to make highly differentiated predictions of future earnings for each member of our sample. By combining the historical information on individual earnings with our prediction of future earnings up through the normal retirement age, our first approach produces tens of thousands of predicted career earnings paths that can be used in microsimulation policy analysis. Our second approach to creating lifetime earnings profiles is similar in some ways to the traditional method. For example, it is based on the creation of only a handful of "stylized" career earnings patterns. An important difference with the traditional method, however, is that we define the career earnings patterns so that they are truly representative of patterns observed in the workforce. We use simple mathematical formulas to characterize each stylized earnings pattern, and we then produce estimates of the average path of annual earnings for workers whose career earning path falls within each of the stylized patterns we have defined. Finally, we calculate the percentage of workers in successive birth-year cohorts who have earnings profiles that match each of the stylized earnings patterns. Although this method may seem simple, it allows the analyst to create stylized earnings patterns that are widely varied but still representative of earnings patterns observed among sizable groups of U.S. workers. The effects of policy reforms can then be calculated for workers with each of the stylized earnings patterns. Our analysis of U.S. lifetime earnings patterns and of the impact of selected policy reforms produces a number of findings about past trends in earnings, typical earnings patterns in the population, and the potential impact of reform. The analysis focuses on men and women born between 1931 and 1960. Along with earlier analysts, we find that men earn substantially higher lifetime wages than women and typically attain their peak career earnings at a somewhat earlier age. However, the difference in career earnin

Bosworth, B; Burtless, G; Steuerle, E

2000-01-01

256

Personal, Social, and Organizational Factors that Influence Black Female Athletic Administrators' Identity Negotiation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to examine factors that influence how Black female athletic administrators negotiate their personal identity. Negotiation of identities is not only about what people say and do, but where and when they do it, as well as with whom they do it. Thus, it is important to identify social, personal, and organizational

McDowell, Jacqueline; Cunningham, George B.

2009-01-01

257

Are Culturally Sophisticated Agencies Better Workplaces for Social Work Staff and Administrators?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes data from 285 African American social workers and administrators to demonstrate effect of perceptions of agency cultural sophistication on reports of psychological and work-related stress. Discusses usefulness of cultural sophistication as an explanatory variable in understanding staff perceptions of occupational and psychological stress

Gant, Larry M.

1996-01-01

258

The Social Dimension of Academic Discipline as a Discriminator of Academic Deans' Administrative Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This national study of academic deans examined the social and cognitive dimensions underlying disciplinary variations in respondents' self reports of their administrative behavior. Discriminant analyses identified significant linear functions that distinguished behaviors of deans from hard/pure, hard/applied, soft/pure, and soft/applied discipline

Del Favero, Marietta

2005-01-01

259

Transcending the Limitations of the Social Sciences: Insight, Understanding, and the Humanities in Educational Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the role of the humanities in the study and practice of educational administration, offering significant insights into the human condition and the philosophical and moral aspects of education. Discusses the limitations of the subject-object dualism underpinning traditional social science. Explains how Slipperjack's "Honor the Sun,"

Ryan, James

1994-01-01

260

A Rural Hospice Program: Integrating Social Work Administration, Program Planning, and Direct Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes multifacted role of a social worker in establishing a rural hospice care program in Cottage Grove, Oregon, a community of 8,000 inhabitants. Discusses program development, planning, coordination, and administration; problem identification and needs assessment; volunteer training; and client assessment and direct services. (NEC)

Wood, Julie E.

1986-01-01

261

Comparison of Embedded and Isolated Administrations of the California Psychological Inventory's Socialization Subscale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alternate administration methods were tested for the Socialization (So) subscale of the California Psychological Inventory (CPI; H. G. Gough, 1994; H. G. Gough & P. Bradley, 1996) in 437 young adult men. One method administered the 46 CPI-So items in isolation from the CPI, whereas the 2nd method administered the 46 items embedded in the CPI. External validity measures of

Arthur I. Alterman; Paul A. McDermott; Frank D. Mulvaney; John S. Cacciola; Megan J. Rutherford; John S. Searles; Kevin Lynch; Avital Cnaan

2003-01-01

262

Social Welfare Policy and Public Assistance for Low-Income Substance Abusers: The Impact of 1996 Welfare Reform Legislation on the Economic Security of Former Supplemental Security Income Drug Addiction and Alcoholism Beneficiaries.  

PubMed

Prior to January 1, 1997, individuals with drug- or alcohol-related disabilities could qualify for federal public assistance through the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program. During the welfare reforms of the Clinton administration, this policy was changed resulting in lost income and health care benefits for many low-income substance abusers. This paper examines the historical underpinnings to the elimination of drug addiction and alcoholism (DA&A) as qualifying impairments for SSI disability payments. Following this, empirical evidence is presented on the effect this policy change had on the subsequent economic security of former SSI DA&A beneficiaries. Findings indicate that study participants that lost SSI benefits suffered increased economic hardship following the policy change. These findings have important implications for future social welfare policymaking decisions. PMID:20396645

Hogan, Sean R; Unick, George J; Speiglman, Richard; Norris, Jean C

2008-01-01

263

Social Welfare Policy and Public Assistance for Low-Income Substance Abusers: The Impact of 1996 Welfare Reform Legislation on the Economic Security of Former Supplemental Security Income Drug Addiction and Alcoholism Beneficiaries  

PubMed Central

Prior to January 1, 1997, individuals with drug- or alcohol-related disabilities could qualify for federal public assistance through the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program. During the welfare reforms of the Clinton administration, this policy was changed resulting in lost income and health care benefits for many low-income substance abusers. This paper examines the historical underpinnings to the elimination of drug addiction and alcoholism (DA&A) as qualifying impairments for SSI disability payments. Following this, empirical evidence is presented on the effect this policy change had on the subsequent economic security of former SSI DA&A beneficiaries. Findings indicate that study participants that lost SSI benefits suffered increased economic hardship following the policy change. These findings have important implications for future social welfare policymaking decisions.

Hogan, Sean R; Unick, George J.; Speiglman, Richard; Norris, Jean C.

2009-01-01

264

Protection of Atypical Work and Family Benefits: Comparison of the Australian, German and British Social Security Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In defining atypical work, this paper encompasses part-time work, casual and temporary work, outwork/homework/telework and small self-employment. All three national social security systems are very selective and inflexible in protecting these forms of work as they are modeled according to the dominant pattern of full-time, continuous employment. As atypical work is women's work, it is also regulated by social security

Karl-Jrgen Bieback

1993-01-01

265

Are there positive incentives from privatizing social security? A panel analysis of pension reform in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper estimates the impact of social security reform specifically, the transition from a purely public pay-as-you-go (PAYGO) system to one with private individual retirement accounts on the share of the workforce that contributes to formal retirement security systems. Using a simple model of a segmented labor market, the paper exploits variation in data from a panel of eighteen Latin

TRUMAN G. PACKARD

2002-01-01

266

78 FR 11939 - Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-2p.; Titles II and XVI: Evaluating Cases Involving Drug Addiction...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Social Security Ruling, SSR 13-2p.; Titles II and XVI: Evaluating Cases Involving...SSR rescinds and replaces SSR 82-60, Titles II and XVI: Evaluation of Drug Addiction...Security. POLICY INTERPRETATION RULING TITLES II AND XVI: EVALUATING CASES...

2013-02-20

267

National Nuclear Security Administration Service Center Environmental Programs Long-Term Environmental Stewardship Baseline Handbook  

SciTech Connect

As environmental restoration (ER) projects move toward completion, the planning, integration, and documentation of long-term environmental stewardship (LTES) activities is increasingly important for ensuring smooth transition to LTES. The Long-Term Environmental Stewardship Baseline Handbook (Handbook) prepared by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Service Center Environmental Programs Department (EPD) outlines approaches for integrating site-specific LTES planning and implementation into site ER baseline documentation. Since LTES will vary greatly from site to site, the Handbook also provides for flexibility in addressing LTES in ER Project life-cycle baselines, while clearly identifying Environmental Management (EM) requirements. It provides suggestions for enacting LTES principles and objectives through operational activities described in site-specific LTES plans and life cycle ER Project baseline scope, cost, and schedule documentation and tools for more thorough planning, better quantification, broader understanding of risk and risk management factors, and more comprehensive documentation. LTES planning applied to baselines in a phased approach will facilitate seamlessly integrating LTES into site operational activities, thereby minimizing the use of resources.

Griswold, D. D.; Rohde, K.

2003-02-26

268

Transitions between food insecurity and food security predict children's social skill development during elementary school.  

PubMed

Recent findings indicate that household food insecurity affects children's social skill development in the early years of elementary school. It is important to assess the persistency of developmental consequences and investigate whether all categories of social skills are equally affected by food insecurity experiences. The present paper estimates population-averaged and subject-specific models for children's social skill scores reported by school teachers using longitudinal data on 2310 boys and 2400 girls in the USA enrolled in the 1st (aged 6-9 years), 3rd (aged 8-11 years) and 5th (aged 10-13 years) grades (1999-2003) from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten. The main findings are, first, significantly (P<005) negative, contemporaneous and transitional relationships between food insecurity experiences and children's social skill scores are evident. Estimates based on sex-stratified samples indicate that the contemporaneous association is strongest among girls, while the association of an early transition from food insecurity in the 1st grade to food security in the 3rd grade is strongest among boys. Second, food insecurity experiences predict children's social skill scores emphasising self-control, attentiveness and task persistence, rather than interpersonal relationships or externalising behaviour. Overall, the findings underscore the multifaceted effect that household food insecurity has on children's social skills and provide the strongest empirical evidence to date that the experiences are linked with non-nutritional developmental consequences for children over a time horizon spanning several years. PMID:21269533

Howard, Larry L

2011-06-28

269

Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act. Important Information for Community College Trustees and Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act (CACSA) of 1990 requires higher education institutions to prepare, publish, and distribute to all students and employees an annual security report disclosing campus security policies and measures, and statistical data on criminal offenses and arrests, by September 1, 1992. This report was developed to

Shepard, Ira Michael; Schwartz, Allen D.

270

CRS Report for Congress. The Effect of State-Legalized Same-Sex Marriage on Social Security Benefits and Pensions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

With the 2004 legalization of same-sex marriage in Massachusetts, many have questioned how the legalization of such marriages at the state level may affect the eligibility for and payment of federal Social Security benefits and private pensions. Social Se...

L. Haltzel P. Purcell

2008-01-01

271

Informal transfers, men, women and children: Family economy and informal social security in early 20th century Finnish households  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to their role in discussions on community solidarity and social security in rich and poor countries alike, informal transfers between households have gradually become established as a research topic in economic and social history. Qualitative research has tended to emphasize the female-dominated nature of informal assistance. While research on intra-household resource allocation has demonstrated the potential for discerning gendered

Sakari Saaritsa

2008-01-01

272

Disability and Adult Life: Dependence on Social Security among Former Students with Special Educational Needs in Their Late Twenties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, by Jon Olav Myklebust from Volda University, Norway, presents analyses of social security dependence among students with special educational needs in Norway who at the start of upper secondary school had various disabilities--of a somatic, psychological and/or social nature. They were all educated in ordinary schools, in special or

Myklebust, Jon Olav

2013-01-01

273

20 CFR 404.463 - Nonpayment of benefits of aliens outside the United States; foreign social insurance system...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of aliens outside the United States; âforeign social insurance system,â and âtreaty...463 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ...of aliens outside the United States; foreign social insurance system, and...

2010-04-01

274

20 CFR 404.463 - Nonpayment of benefits of aliens outside the United States; foreign social insurance system...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of aliens outside the United States; âforeign social insurance system,â and âtreaty...463 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ...of aliens outside the United States; foreign social insurance system, and...

2009-04-01

275

20 CFR 408.1004 - Which administrative actions are not initial determinations?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...408.1004 Section 408.1004 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL BENEFITS FOR CERTAIN WORLD WAR II VETERANS Determinations and the Administrative Review Process Introduction, Definitions, and Initial...

2013-04-01

276

20 CFR 408.105 - Purpose and administration of the program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...408.105 Section 408.105 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL BENEFITS FOR CERTAIN WORLD WAR II VETERANS Introduction, General Provision and Definitions § 408.105 Purpose and administration of the...

2013-04-01

277

20 CFR 408.1003 - Which administrative actions are initial determinations?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...determinations? 408.1003 Section 408.1003 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SPECIAL BENEFITS FOR CERTAIN WORLD WAR II VETERANS Determinations and the Administrative Review Process Introduction, Definitions, and Initial...

2013-04-01

278

Peer Influences on Drug Self-Administration: An Econometric Analysis in Socially Housed Rats  

PubMed Central

Social-learning theories of substance use propose that members of peer groups influence the drug use of other members by selectively modeling, reinforcing, and punishing either abstinence-related or drug-related behaviors. The objective of the present study was to examine social influences on cocaine self-administration in isolated and socially housed rats, with the caveat that the socially housed rats were tested simultaneously with their partner in the same chamber. To this end, male rats were obtained at weaning and housed in isolated or pair-housed conditions for 6 weeks. Rats were then implanted with intravenous catheters and cocaine self-administration was examined in custom-built operant conditioning chambers that allowed two rats to be tested simultaneously. For some socially housed subjects, both rats had simultaneous access to cocaine; for others, only one rat of the pair had access to cocaine. An econometric analysis was applied to the data, and the reinforcing strength of cocaine was measured by examining consumption (i.e., quantity demanded) and elasticity of demand as a function of price, which was manipulated by varying the dose and ratio requirements on a fixed ratio schedule of reinforcement. Cocaine consumption decreased as a function of price in all groups. Elasticity of demand did not vary across groups, but consumption was significantly lower in socially housed rats paired with a rat without access to cocaine. These data suggest that the presence of an abstaining peer decreases the reinforcing strength of cocaine, thus supporting the development of social interventions in drug abuse prevention and treatment programs.

Peitz, Geoffrey W.; Strickland, Justin C.; Pitts, Elizabeth G.; Foley, Mark; Tonidandel, Scott; Smith, Mark A.

2013-01-01

279

Social stimuli enhance phencyclidine (PCP) self-administration in rhesus monkeys.  

PubMed

Environmental factors, including social interaction, can alter the effects of drugs of abuse on behavior. The present study was conducted to examine the effects of social stimuli on oral phencyclidine (PCP) self-administration by rhesus monkeys. Ten adult rhesus monkeys (M. mulatta) were housed side by side in modular cages that could be configured to provide visual, auditory, and olfactory stimuli provided by another monkey located in the other side of a paired unit. During the first experiment, monkeys self-administered PCP (0.25 mg/ml) and water under concurrent fixed ratio (FR) 16 schedules of reinforcement with either a solid or a grid (social) partition separating each pair of monkeys. In the second experiment, a PCP concentration-response relationship was determined under concurrent progressive ratio (PR) schedules of reinforcement during both the solid and grid partition conditions. Under the concurrent FR 16 schedules, PCP and water self-administration were significantly higher during exposure to a cage mate through a grid partition than when a solid partition separated the monkeys. The relative reinforcing strength of PCP, as measured by PR break points, was greater during the grid partition condition compared to the solid partition condition indicated by an upward shift in the concentration-response curve. To determine whether the social stimuli provided by another monkey led to activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, which may have evoked the increase of PCP self-administration during the grid partition condition, a third experiment was conducted to examine cortisol levels under the two housing conditions. A modest, but nonsignificant increase in cortisol levels was found upon switching from the solid to the grid partition condition. The results suggest that social stimulation among monkeys in adjoining cages leads to enhanced reinforcing strength of PCP. PMID:17560636

Newman, Jennifer L; Perry, Jennifer L; Carroll, Marilyn E

2007-01-01

280

Social stimuli enhance phencyclidine (PCP) self-administration in rhesus monkeys  

PubMed Central

Environmental factors, including social interaction, can alter the effects of drugs of abuse on behavior. The present study was conducted to examine the effects of social stimuli on oral phencyclidine (PCP) self-administration by rhesus monkeys. Ten adult rhesus monkeys (M. mulatta) were housed side by side in modular cages that could be configured to provide visual, auditory, and olfactory stimuli provided by another monkey located in the other side of the paired unit. During the first experiment, monkeys self-administered PCP (0.25 mg/ml) and water under concurrent fixed ratio (FR) 16 schedules of reinforcement with either a solid or a grid (social) partition separating each pair of monkeys. In the second experiment, a PCP concentration-response relationship was determined under concurrent progressive ratio (PR) schedules of reinforcement under the solid and grid partition conditions. Under the concurrent FR 16 schedules, PCP and water self-administration was significantly higher during exposure to a cage mate through a grid partition than when a solid partition separated the monkeys. The relative reinforcing strength of PCP, as measured by PR break points, was greater during the grid partition condition compared to the solid partition condition indicated by an upward shift in the concentration-response curve. To determine whether the social stimuli provided by another monkey led to activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, which may have evoked the increase of PCP self-administration during the grid partition condition, a third experiment was conducted to examine cortisol levels under the two housing conditions. A modest, but nonsignificant increase in cortisol levels was found upon switching from the solid to the grid partition condition. The results suggest that social stimulation among monkeys in adjoining cages leads to enhanced reinforcing strength of PCP.

Newman, Jennifer L.; Perry, Jennifer L.; Carroll, Marilyn E.

2007-01-01

281

On Developing A Methodology for Managing Security Vulnerabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Poor product designs and testing as well as weak physical and social structures can contribute to insecurities. However, a large percentage of the computer security vulnerabilities that end up being exploited are due to human errors or negligence in configuration and administration. How can these business-threatening, widespread deficiencies be overcome? IT security organizations need to establish a security configuration baseline

Vijay Masurkar

2004-01-01

282

NIOSH Health Hazard Evaluation Report: HETA No. 2004-0100-2946, Transportation Security Administration Washington-Dulles International Airport, Dulles, Virginia, December 2004.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On January 21, 2004, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) received a health hazard evaluation (HHE) request from the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) at the Washington- Dulles International Airport (IAD) in Dulles,...

2004-01-01

283

NIOSH Health Hazard Evaluation Report: HETA No. 2003-0206-3067, Evaluation of Radiation Exposure to TSA Baggage Screeners. Transportation Security Administration, Washington DC, September 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Between November 2002 and March 2003, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) received three health hazard evaluation (HHE) requests from Transportation Security Administration (TSA) employees at the Cincinnati, Honolulu, and Bal...

C. Achutan C. Mueller

2008-01-01

284

NIOSH Health Hazard Evaluation Report: HETA No. 2005-0197-3010, Transportation Security Administration, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport, Erlanger, Kentucky, July 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) received a management request from the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) for a health hazard evaluation (HHE) at the Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport in Erlange...

C. H. Dowell A. M. Markey

2006-01-01

285

Cost of Social Security, Tenth International Inquiry, 1975-1977 (Le Cout de la Securite Sociale, Dixieme Enquete Internationale, 1975-1977 (El Costo de la Seguridad Social, Decima Encuesta Internacional, 1975-1977).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To bring about an improvement in conditions of life and work throughout the world, the International Labour Organization emphasizes the promotion among member States of social security measures to guarantee income maintenance for all in need of such prote...

1981-01-01

286

Information Security Awareness: System Administrators and End-users Perspectives at Florida State University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers have explored the potential of using various approaches in order to reduce the number of security breaches caused by system users. The approaches can be categorized into technology and non-technology approaches. Technology approaches advocate the use of technological tools or integrating a variety of technologies during system design in order to address security issues. Non-technology approaches advocate the use

Victoria Mahabi

2010-01-01

287

77 FR 26774 - Homeland Security Advisory Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration on threats to airport security, receive observations and remarks...Security Administration's (TSA) airport security. Basis for Partial-Closure...Security Administration's (TSA) airport security program that will include...

2012-05-07

288

Global maize trade and food security: implications from a social network model.  

PubMed

In this study, we developed a social network model of the global trade of maize: one of the most important food, feed, and industrial crops worldwide, and critical to food security. We used this model to analyze patterns of maize trade among nations, and to determine where vulnerabilities in food security might arise if maize availability was decreased due to factors such as diversion to nonfood uses, climatic factors, or plant diseases. Using data on imports and exports from the U.N. Commodity Trade Statistics Database for each year from 2000 to 2009 inclusive, we summarized statistics on volumes of maize trade between pairs of nations for 217 nations. There is evidence of market segregation among clusters of nations; with three prominent clusters representing Europe, Brazil and Argentina, and the United States. The United States is by far the largest exporter of maize worldwide, whereas Japan and the Republic of Korea are the largest maize importers. In particular, the star-shaped cluster of the network that represents U.S. maize trade to other nations indicates the potential for food security risks because of the lack of trade these other nations conduct with other maize exporters. If a scenario arose in which U.S. maize could not be exported in as large quantities, maize supplies in many nations could be jeopardized. We discuss this in the context of recent maize ethanol production and its attendant impacts on food prices elsewhere worldwide. PMID:23656551

Wu, Felicia; Guclu, Hasan

2013-12-01

289

42 CFR 403.812 - HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards, and national identifiers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...administrative data standards, and national identifiers. 403.812 Section 403...administrative data standards, and national identifiers. (a) HIPAA covered entities...a health plan, health care provider, or health care...

2013-10-01

290

Social Media Policy on Campus: A Case Study of the Development and Implementation of a Social Media Policy for University Administrators, Faculty, and Staff  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This single-site qualitative study sought to address the challenges associated with the growing use of social media by university administrators, faculty, and staff (Wandel, 2007) through a case study analysis of a university with a social media policy for university employees. The study describes the development and implementation of a university

Garber, Michelle Brooks

2011-01-01

291

The growth in Social Security benefits among the retirement-age population from increases in the cap on covered earnings.  

PubMed

Analysts have proposed raising the maximum level of earnings subject to the Social Security payroll tax (the "tax max") to improve long-term Social Security Trust Fund solvency. This article investigates how raising the tax max leads to the "leakage" of portions of the additional revenue into higher benefit payments. Using Health and Retirement Study data matched to Social Security earnings records, we compare historical payroll tax payments and benefit amounts for Early Boomers (born 1948-1953) with tax and benefit simulations had they been subject to the tax max (adjusted for wage growth) faced by cohorts 12 and 24 years older. We find that 43.2 percent of the additional payroll tax revenue attributable to tax max increases affecting Early Boomers relative to taxes paid by the cohort 12 years older leaked into higher benefits. For Early Boomers relative to those 24 years older, we find 53.5 percent leakage. PMID:22799138

Gustman, Alan L; Steinmeier, Thomas L; Tabatabai, Nahid

2012-01-01

292

Criterion-Related Validity of the Administrative Careers with America (ACWA) Group 5 Examination for Claims Representatives (GS105).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes research conducted by the Office of Personnel Management to document the validity and fairness of the Administrative Careers with America (ACWA) examination for Social Security Administration (SSA) Claims Representative, one of the ...

C. C. Diane C. N. Maclane

1994-01-01

293

Guidelines for contingency planning NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) ADP security risk reduction decision studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Guidance is presented to NASA Computer Security Officials for determining the acceptability or unacceptability of ADP security risks based on the technical, operational and economic feasibility of potential safeguards. The risk management process is reviewed as a specialized application of the systems approach to problem solving and information systems analysis and design. Reporting the results of the risk reduction analysis to management is considered. Report formats for the risk reduction study are provided.

Tompkins, F. G.

1984-01-01

294

Delaware Student Testing Program: State Summary Report: Science & Social Studies, Spring 2002 Administration, Grades 8 and 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results from the third administration of the 8th and 11th grade science and social studies portions of the Delaware Student Testing Program (DSTP) represent an important step in Delawares efforts to educate all students to a higher level. Science and social studies data for grades 8 and 11 are summarized here, and the results for grades 4 and

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover. Assessment and Accountability Branch.

295

Assessing corporate social responsibility in China's sports lottery administration and its influence on consumption behavior.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to identify and examine consumer perception of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in China's sports lottery industry, and the effect of perceived CSR initiatives on sports lottery consumption behavior. Research participants (N = 4,980), selected based on a computer-generated, randomly stratified multistage sampling process, comprised Chinese residents who had purchased sports lottery tickets in the past 12 months. They completed a questionnaire that was derived from a qualitative research process. A factor analysis extracted two factors associated with perceptions of CSR in China's sports lottery administration: Regulatory and Prevention Responsibilities and Product Development Responsibility. Logistic regression analyses revealed that these two factors were influential of consumer behavior (i.e., relative and absolute expenditure, purchasing frequency, and time commitment). This study represents an initial effort to understand the dimensions of perceived CSR associated with Chinese sports lottery. The findings signify the importance of enforcing CSR in sports lottery administration. PMID:21927807

Li, Hai; Zhang, James J; Mao, Luke Lunhua; Min, Sophia D

2012-09-01

296

Aneka ragam pengaturan sekuritas sosial di bekas kerajaan Berru Sulawesi Selatan (Pluriformity in social security arrangements in the former principality of Berru in South Sulawesi, Indonesia)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is aimed at providing an analytical description of the forms of social security and legal pluralism in villages of South Sulawesi. In the villages in South Sulawesi there is a plurality of mechanisms and institutions where an individual is entitled to or has the duty to provide social security. Those mechanisms and institutions are structured by the normative

M. Tang

1996-01-01

297

Consumption, Retirement and Social Security: Evaluating the Efficiency of Reform that Encourages Longer Careers*  

PubMed Central

This paper proposes and analyzes a Social Security reform in which individuals no longer face the OASI payroll tax after, say, age 54 or a career of 34 years, and their subsequent earnings have no bearing on their benefits. We first estimate parameters of a lifecycle model. Our specification includes non-separable preferences and possible disability. It predicts a consumptionexpenditure change at retirement. We use the magnitude of the expenditure change, together with households retirementage decisions, to identify key structural parameters. The estimated magnitude of the change in consumptionexpenditure depends importantly on the treatment of consumption by adult children of the household. Simulations indicate that the reform could increase retirement ages one year or more, equivalent variations could average more than $4,000 per household, and income tax revenues per household could increase by more than $14,000.

Laitner, John; Silverman, Dan

2012-01-01

298

Early Claiming of Social Security Benefits and Labor Supply Behavior of Older Americans  

PubMed Central

The labor supply incentives provided by the early retirement rules of the United States Social Security Old Age benefits program are of growing importance as the Normal Retirement Age (NRA) increases to 67, and the labor force participation of Older Americans starts to increase. These incentives allow individuals who claim benefits before the NRA but continue to work, or return to the labor force, to increase their future rate of benefit pay by having benefits withheld. Since the adjustment of the benefit rate takes place only after the NRA is reached, benefits received before the NRA can become actuarially unfair for those who continue to work after claiming. Consistent with these incentives, estimates from bivariate models of the monthly labor force exit and claiming hazards using data from the Health and Retirement Study indicate that early claimers who do not withdraw from the labor force around the time they claim are increasingly likely to stay in the labor force.

Benitez-Silva, Hugo; Heiland, Frank

2010-01-01

299

Developing a new assessment procedure of social information processing in adolescents within secure residential care.  

PubMed

The purpose of the present study was to develop a new assessment procedure of social information processing (SIP) for adolescents, to explore its validity and to examine whether it differentiated between IQ groups. Ninety-four adolescents within secure residential care were administered the SIP instrument, the Youth Self Report and two subtests of the WISC/WAIS. Results showed that the constructs underlying the items of the instrument were associated with profiles from the SIP theory, the subsequent SIP steps were correlated, and several SIP steps were correlated to self-reported behavior. No differences were found between IQ groups. These first results have implications for adjustment of the instrument. Further research should confirm construct validity and psychometric qualities of the scales. PMID:24727380

van Rest, Maaike M; van Bokhoven, Irene; van Nieuwenhuijzen, Maroesjka; Embregts, Petri J C M; Vriens, Aart; Matthys, Walter

2014-06-01

300

Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anytime, anywhere, learning provides opportunities to create digital learning environments for new teaching styles and personalized learning. As part of making sure the program is effective, the safety and security of students and assets are essential--and mandated by law. The Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA) addresses Internet content

Technology & Learning, 2008

2008-01-01

301

Statistical Econometric Analysis of the Correlations between the Social Security Budget and the Main Macroeconomic Aggregates in Romania  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the correlation between social security budget and the main macroeconomic indicators (like GDP, monthly average gross earnings, unemployment) in Romania during the period 2000 2009. Romania faces a more severe economic recession than originally anticipated. Although the implementation of anti-crisis program was able to lead to normalization of financial conditions, the contraction of economic activity is

Emilia ?I?AN; Cristina BOBOC; Simona GHI??; Daniela TODOSE

2011-01-01

302

20 CFR 255.14 - Waiver not available when recovery can be made from accrual of social security benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...may be made by offset against an accrual of social security benefits, it shall not be considered to be against equity or good conscience or contrary to the purpose of the Railroad Retirement Act to recover the overpayment by offset against the accrual....

2013-04-01

303

The 1983 Amendments to the Social Security Act: Will They Delay Retirement? A Summary of the Evidence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents findings on the work disincentives which are expected to be removed by the 1983 Amendments to the Social Security Act. Summarizes evidence on labor market conditions which may encourage early retirement. Discusses implications of this evidence for public policy and for the economic well-being of older Americans. (Author/ABB)

Boaz, Rachel Floersheim

1987-01-01

304

The Structural Relationships of Social Support, Mother's Psychological Status, and Maternal Sensitivity to Attachment Security in Children with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore how social support, mother's psychological status, and maternal sensitivity affected attachment security in children with disabilities by using the structural equation model (SEM). Subjects were 141 pairs of children with disabilities and theirs mothers. Empirical data was obtained through a series of

Kim, Eun Sil; Kim, Byeong Seok

2009-01-01

305

Championing Intellectual Freedom: A School Administrator's Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School administrators want to believe that they are champions for the rights of the students they serve. They strive to provide students with a secure, enriching environment to aid in their intellectual and social development. Through their leadership, administrators have the responsibility to guide and redirect students to help them achieve at

Gibson, Jeffrey

2007-01-01

306

Essential Strategies for School Security: A Practical Guide for Teachers and School Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This self-help guide explores the many factors involved in implementing an effective program of protection for schools. It provides direction and answers to the many questions posed by crime and violence in schools by translating certain principles of security into applications for the campus setting. The guide explains the various protection

Haynes, Richard A.; Henderson, Catherine L.

307

Creation of a United States Emergency Medical Services Administration Within the Department of Homeland Security.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Federal administration of this nation's emergency medical services (EMS) has come under increasing criticism, in a post- September 11 world, by many of its stakeholders and constituents. Critics accurately argue that the current construct of federal gover...

I. P. McGovern

2012-01-01

308

International Trade Administration: Improvements Are Needed to Strengthen ITA's Information Technology Security Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The strength of the nation's economy continues to depend on global trade, with the United States exporting nearly $2 trillion worth of goods and services. The International Trade Administration (ITA) plays an important role in improving the global busines...

2012-01-01

309

Towards a Trustful and Flexible Environment for Secure Communications with Public Administrations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interaction of citizens and private organizations with Public Administrations can produce meaningful benefits in the accessibility,\\u000a efficiency and availability of documents, regardless of time, location and quantity. Although there are some experiences in\\u000a the field of e-government there are still some technological and legal difficulties that avoid a higher rate of communications\\u000a with Public Administrations through Internet, not only from

Javier Lopez; Antonio Mana; Jos A. Montenegro; Juan J. Ortega; Jos M. Troya

2002-01-01

310

Social Interaction Promotes Nicotine Self-Administration with Olfactogustatory Cues in Adolescent Rats  

PubMed Central

Cigarette smoking is a social behavior. Smoking is also accompanied by distinctive gustatory and olfactory stimulation. However, none of these factors affecting nicotine intake are modeled in existing preclinical studies. We report a novel model of adolescent nicotine self-administration (SA) in rats where licking on drinking spouts was used as the operant behavior to activate the concurrent delivery of nicotine (i.v.) and an appetitive olfactogustatory (OG) cue, and social interaction was required for stable SA. The operant chamber was divided by a panel that separated the SA rat and another rat serving as the demonstrator, who had free access to the OG cue but did not receive nicotine. Orofacial contacts were permitted by the divider. Conditioned taste aversion prevented solo rats to self-administer nicotine. However, stable nicotine (1530??g/kg, free base) SA was established in the presence of demonstrator rats with free access to the OG cue. Omitting the olfactory component of the cue prevented the acquisition of nicotine SA. Mecamylamine, a nicotinic antagonist, reduced licking behavior. Familiar peers were more effective demonstrators in facilitating the acquisition of nicotine SA than were unfamiliar rats. No sex difference in nicotine intake was found. These data indicate that the contingent OG cue is associated with the aversive property of nicotine that prevents subsequent drug intake. Social information encoded in olfaction not only permits the establishment of stable nicotine SA but also enhances nicotine intake. These findings implicate adolescent social interactions in promoting smoking behavior by surmounting the aversive property of nicotine.

Chen, Hao; Sharp, Burt M; Matta, Shannon G; Wu, Qingling

2011-01-01

311

A Reality Check on the Quest for Tenure Security and Land Administration in Ethiopia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) is the new policy and program context in the developing world within which land administration (LA) is now being discussed. There seem to be good reasons for doing so. Most people who are designated as poor in these countries live off the land. However, the land from which they earn their livelihood is beset by

SOLOMON Abebe Haile

312

A snapshot of the electronic transmission and processing of prescriptions project in the Iranian Social Security Organization.  

PubMed

Iranian Social Security Organization (ISSO) is going to enable the sharing of health related information in a secure environment by means of reliable data in the right time to improve health of insured people throughout the country. There are around 7000 pharmacy throughout the country that ISSO contracted with them in order to deliver seamless services to 30 million insured people. The management of the huge amount of prescriptions based on a scientific basis with considering the financial issues of rising the cost of medicaments certainly needs a sophisticated business process re-engineering using ICT; the work that is going to be completed in the ISSO in next few months. PMID:17238655

Moghaddam, Ramin; Badredine, Hala

2006-01-01

313

Scalability, Interoperability, and Security at the Data Discovery Level: A System Administrator's Perspective  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) has been one of the best known Earth science and global change data discovery online resources throughout its extended operational history. The growing popularity of the system since its introduction on the World Wide Web in 1994 has created an environment where resolving issues of scalability, security, and interoperability have been critical to providing the best available service to the users and partners of the GCMD. Innovative approaches developed at the GCMD in these areas will be presented with a focus on how they relate to current and future GO-ESSP community needs.

2006-01-01

314

National Security Challenges: Insights from Social, Neurobiological, and Complexity Sciences. Topical Strategic Multi-Layer Assessment (SMA) and U.S. Army ERDC Multi-Agency/Multi-Disciplinary White Papers in Support of National Security Challenges.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This White Volume assesses U.S. long term national security challenges, employing a global perspective that accounts for the changing political, economic, social, and psychological profiles of populations, and the rapid changes they experience in a global...

2012-01-01

315

75 FR 64389 - Proposed Recommendation to the Social Security Administration for Occupational Information System...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...critical that all intended research protocols be developed with oversight by internal scientists well-versed in research methods along with programmatic specialists and be reviewed by the Panel prior to data collection. Examples of issues...

2010-10-19

316

The Social Security Administration's Youth Transition Demonstration Projects: Implementation Lessons from the Original Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report focuses on the seven original Youth Transition Demonstration (YTD) projects selected for funding in 2003. Three of the original seven projects were selected for a national random assignment evaluation in 2005; however, this report only focuses on program operations prior to joining the random assignment evaluation for the three

Martinez, John; Fraker, Thomas; Manno, Michelle; Baird, Peter; Mamun, Arif; O'Day, Bonnie; Rangarajan, Anu; Wittenburg, David

2010-01-01

317

Nuclear Materials Management U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO)  

SciTech Connect

In light of the changing Defense Complex mission, the high cost to storing and protecting nuclear materials, and in consideration of scarcity of resources, it is imperative that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) owned nuclear materials are managed effectively. The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Strategic Action Plan outlines the strategy for continuing to meet Americas nuclear security goals, meeting the overall mission challenges of DOE and NNSA as well as giving focus to local missions. The mission of the NNSA/NSO Nuclear Materials Management (NMM) Program is to ensure that nuclear material inventories are accurately assessed and reported, future material needs are adequately planned, and that existing Nevada Test Site (NTS) inventories are efficiently utilized, staged, or dispositioned. The NNSA/NSO understands that the NTS has unique characteristics to serve and benefit the nation with innovative solutions to the complex problems involving Special Nuclear Materials, hazardous materials, and multi-agency, integrated operations. The NNSA/NSO is defining infrastructure requirements for known future missions, developing footprint consolidation strategic action plans, and continuing in the path of facility modernization improvements. The NNSA/NSO is striving for the NTS to be acknowledged as an ideal location towards mission expansion and growth. The NTS has the capability of providing isolated, large scale construction and development locations for nuclear power or alternate energy source facilities, expanded nuclear material storage sites, and for new development in green technology.

Jesse Schreiber

2008-03-01

318

The relation of parenting, child temperament, and attachment security in early childhood to social competence at school entry.  

PubMed

A wealth of research demonstrates the importance of early parent-child interactions on children's social functioning. However, less is known about the interrelations between child and parent characteristics and parent-child interactions in early childhood. Moreover, few studies have broadly examined the longitudinal relations between these constructs and social competence. This study is an examination of the relations between parent responsiveness, negativity, and emotional supportiveness, attachment security, and child temperament, and their impact on children's social competence from infancy to kindergarten entry. The sample was derived from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study--Birth Cohort and included 6850 parent-child dyads. Observational and rating scale data were used. The proposed model was nearly fully supported by path analysis, and it provides insight into the complex relations between early parenting behaviors, child characteristics, and parent-child interactions in the development of social competence. PMID:24060065

Rispoli, Kristin M; McGoey, Kara E; Koziol, Natalie A; Schreiber, James B

2013-10-01

319

Epidemiology of Occupational Accidents in Iran Based on Social Security Organization Database  

PubMed Central

Background: Background: Today, occupational accidents are one of the most important problems in industrial world. Due to lack of appropriate system for registration and reporting, there is no accurate statistics of occupational accidents all over the world especially in developing countries. Objectives: The aim of this study is epidemiological assessment of occupational accidents in Iran. Materials and Methods: Information of available occupational accidents in Social Security Organization was extracted from accident reporting and registration forms. In this cross-sectional study, gender, age, economic activity, type of accident and injured body part in 22158 registered accidents during 2008 were described. Results: The occupational accidents rate was 253 in 100,000 workers in 2008. 98.2% of injured workers were men. The mean age of injured workers was 32.07 9.12 years. The highest percentage belonged to age group of 25-34 years old. In our study, most of the accidents occurred in basic metals industry, electrical and non-electrical machines and construction industry. Falling down from height and crush injury were the most prevalent accidents. Upper and lower extremities were the most common injured body parts. Conclusion: Due to the high rate of accidents in metal and construction industries, engineering controls, the use of appropriate protective equipment and safety worker training seems necessary.

Mehrdad, Ramin; Seifmanesh, Shahdokht; Chavoshi, Farzaneh; Aminian, Omid; Izadi, Nazanin

2014-01-01

320

Length of service and commitment of nurses in hospitalsof Social Security Organization (SSO) in Tehran.  

PubMed

Background: A nurse's commitment is the most important factor that influences her performance and depends on other variables. The purpose of this research was to study the relationship between length of service of the nurses with the amount of occupational commitment and organizational commitment. Methods: From Winter 2012 to Spring 2013, 266 nurses were chosen in selected hospitals of Social Security Organization (SSO). These nurses were randomly categorized into six different classes of service records including < 5, 5-9, 10-14, 15-19, 20-24, and 25-29 years. The length of service is related to the organizational, occupational, affective, continuance, and normative commitment. The data were collected and analyzed. Results: Generally 84% of the responders were women and the rest were men of which 95% had a bachelor's degree and the rest had higher academic degrees. The length of service in 81% of nurses was <15 years and 19% were higher than 15 years. Significant correlation were seen between continuance and occupational commitments and length of service (r=0.23, P=0.04 and r=-0.26, P=0.02, respectively). There were not any significant differences regarding organizational, affective and normative commitments (P=0.12, P=0.33, P=0.47, respectively). Conclusion: The results show that the length of service was related to continuance and occupational commitment. So pre-retirement of the nurses after 20 years of work can result in an increase in average commitment of employees. PMID:24778784

Jafari Kelarijani, Seyed Ebrahim; Heidarian, Ali Reza; Jamshidi, Reza; Khorshidi, Mohamad

2014-01-01

321

Social Security cost-of-living adjustments and the Consumer Price Index.  

PubMed

OASDI benefits are indexed for inflation to protect beneficiaries from the loss of purchasing power implied by inflation. In the absence of such indexing, the purchasing power of Social Security benefits would be eroded as rising prices raise the cost of living. By statute, cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) for Social Security benefits are calculated using the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W). Some argue that this index does not accurately reflect the inflation experienced by the elderly population and should be changed to an elderly-specific price index such as the Experimental Consumer Price Index for Americans 62 Years of Age and Older, often referred to as the Consumer Price Index for the Elderly (CPI-E). Others argue that the measure of inflation underlying the COLA is technically biased, causing it to overestimate changes in the cost of living. This argument implies that current COLAs tend to increase, rather than merely maintain, the purchasing power of benefits over time. Potential bias in the CPI as a cost-of-living index arises from a number of sources, including incomplete accounting for the ability of consumers to substitute goods or change purchasing outlets in response to relative price changes. The BLS has constructed a new index called the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) that better accounts for those consumer adjustments. Price indexes are not true cost-of-living indexes, but approximations of cost-of-living indexes (COLI). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (2006a) explains the difference between the two: As it pertains to the CPI, the COLI for the current month is based on the answer to the following question: "What is the cost, at this month ' market prices, of achieving the standard of living actually attained in the base period?" This cost is a hypothetical expenditure-the lowest expenditure level necessary at this month's prices to achieve the base-period's living standard.... Unfortunately, because the cost of achieving a living standard cannot be observed directly, in operational terms, a COLI can only be approximated. Although the CPI cannot be said to equal a cost-of-living index, the concept of the COLI provides the CPI's measurement objective and the standard by which we define any bias in the CPI. While all versions of the CPI only approximate the actual changes in the cost of living, the CPI-E has several additional technical limitations. First, the CPI-E may better account for the goods and services typically purchased by the elderly, but the expenditure weights for the elderly are the only difference between the CPI-E and CPI-W. These weights are based on a much smaller sample than the other two indices, making it less precise. Second, the CPI-E does not account for differences in retail outlets frequented by the aged population or the prices they pay. Finally, the purchasing population measured in the CPI-E is not necessarily identical to the Social Security beneficiary population, where more than one-fifth of OASDI beneficiaries are under age 62. Likewise, over one-fifth of persons aged 62 or older are not beneficiaries, but they are included in the CPI-E population. Finally, changes in the index used to calculate COLAs directly affect the amount of benefits paid, and as a result, projected solvency of the Social Security program. A switch to the CPI-E for the December 2006 COLA (received in January 2007) would have resulted in an average monthly benefit $0.90 higher than that received. If the December 2006 COLA had been adjusted by the Chained CPI-U instead, the average monthly benefit would have been $4.70 less than with current indexing. Any changes to the COLA that would cause faster growth in individual benefits would make the projected date of insolvency sooner, while slower growth would delay insolvency. Hobijn and Lagakos (2003) estimated that switching to the CPI-E for COLAs would move projected insolvency sooner by 3-5 years. A projection by SSA's Office of the Chief

Burdick, Clark; Fisher, Lynn

2007-01-01

322

Social defeat stress in rats: escalation of cocaine and speedball binge self-administration, but not heroin  

Microsoft Academic Search

RationaleExposure to intermittent episodes of social defeat stress can increase drug seeking and leads to intense drug taking in rats.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a ObjectivesThis study investigated the consequences of repeated, intermittent social defeat stress on patterns of drug self-administration\\u000a in rats with access to heroin, cocaine, or a heroincocaine combination (speedball).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a MethodsMale Long-Evans rats were either handled (controls) or subjected to 25-min social

Fabio C. Cruz; Isabel M. Quadros; Koen Hogenelst; Cleopatra S. Planeta; Klaus A. Miczek

2011-01-01

323

The Social Dimension of Security: Exploring How Surveillance Systems Relate to Interior Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, security issues have been dominating the headlines and policy makers' lists of promises. Although the notion of security has long been integral to interior design, the current reliance of security measures on surveillance systems that use cameras and video monitors warrants revisiting the role of interior designers. With an overview of the litera- ture on how electronic surveillance has

Tasoulla Hadjiyanni; Jain Kwon

2009-01-01

324

Oral health service utilization by elderly beneficiaries of the Mexican Institute of Social Security in M?xico city  

PubMed Central

Background The aging population poses a challenge to Mexican health services. The aim of this study is to describe recent oral health services utilization and its association with socio-demographic characteristics and co-morbidity in Mexican Social Security beneficiaries 60 years and older. Methods A sample of 700 individuals aged 60+ years was randomly chosen from the databases of the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS). These participants resided in the southwest of Mexico City and made up the final sample of a cohort study for identifying risk factors for root caries in elderly patients. Sociodemographic variables, presence of cognitive decline, depression, morbidity, medication consumption, and utilization of as well as reasons for seeking oral health services within the past 12 months were collected through a questionnaire. Clinical oral assessments were carried out to determine coronal and root caries experience. Results The sample consisted of 698 individuals aged 71.6 years on average, of whom 68.3% were women. 374 participants (53.6%) had made use of oral health services within the past 12 months. 81% of those who used oral health services sought private medical care, 12.8% sought social security services, and 6.2% public health services. 99.7% had experienced coronal caries and 44.0% root caries. Female sex (OR = 2.0), 6 years' schooling or less (OR = 1.4), and caries experience in more than 22 teeth (OR = 0.6) are factors associated with the utilization of these services. Conclusion About half the elderly beneficiaries of social security have made use of oral health services within the past 12 months, and many of them have to use private services. Being a woman, having little schooling, and low caries experience are factors associated with the use of these services.

Sanchez-Garcia, Sergio; de la Fuente-Hernandez, Javier; Juarez-Cedillo, Teresa; Mendoza, Jose Manuel Ortega; Reyes-Morales, Hortensia; Solorzano-Santos, Fortino; Garcia-Pena, Carmen

2007-01-01

325

Increased uptake of social security benefits among long-term survivors of cancer in childhood, adolescence and young adulthood: a Norwegian population-based cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background: As the number of cancer survivors increases, their health and welfare have come into focus. Thus, long-term medical consequences of cancer at a young age (<25 years), obtained from social security benefit records, were studied. Methods: Standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) of long-term medical consequences for 5-year cancer survivors, born during 19651985, were explored by linking population-based registries in Norway. Results: Among the 5-year cancer survivors (4031 individuals), 29.7% received social security benefits. The survivors had an overall 4.4 times (95% confidence interval (95% CI): 4.14.6) higher risk of social security benefit uptake than the cancer-free population. Survivors of malignancies of bone and connective tissues (SIR: 10.8; 95% CI: 9.112.9), CNS tumours (SIR: 7.7; 95% CI: 6.98.6) and malignancies of the haematopoietic system (SIR: 6.1; 95% CI: 5.37.0) had the highest risks of social security benefits uptake. The most notified causes of social security benefit uptake were diseases of the nervous system, and injury and poisoning. Conclusion: The uptake of social security benefits among 5-year cancer survivors increased substantially and it may represent a solid outcome measure for the burden of the most severe late effects, especially in countries with comparable social welfare systems.

Ghaderi, S; Engeland, A; Moster, D; Ruud, E; Syse, A; Wesenberg, F; Bj?rge, T

2013-01-01

326

Using a Comprehensive Case-Based Examination to Evaluate and Integrate Student Learning in Social Work Administration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the case method has been used in teaching social work practice for many years, its use as an evaluation tool is less common. This analysis describes the use of the case method in a comprehensive examination for MSW students in an Administration concentration. After a brief review of the issues related to student outcome assessment and the

Packard, Thomas; Austin, Michael J.

2009-01-01

327

Heritage Education: Exploring the Conceptions of Teachers and Administrators from the Perspective of Experimental and Social Science Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a research project into heritage education. Taking an interdisciplinary perspective from within the field of Experimental and Social Science Education, it presents an analysis of teachers' and administrators' conceptions of heritage, its teaching and its dissemination in Spain. A statistical description is provided of the

Perez, Roque Jimenez; Lopez, Jose Maria Cuenca; Listan, D. Mario Ferreras

2010-01-01

328

Delaware Student Testing Program: State Summary Report Science and Social Studies Fall 2002 Administration, Grades 4 and 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains summaries of the results from the third administration of the fourth and sixth grade science and social studies portions of the Delaware Student Testing Program (DSTP). These results are part of a long-term effort to gather data on the educational progress of Delaware students and to use the data to inform decisions about

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover. Assessment and Accountability Branch.

329

Employee responses to relational fulfilment and work-life benefits : A social exchange study in the German public administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose Investigating employee responses to relational fulfilment of the psychological contract and work-life benefits of a telecommuting program, this study aims to contribute to the literature on social exchange in employment. Design\\/methodology\\/approach The setting of the study was the German public administration. Survey data from 947 Civil Servants were analyzed in structural equation models. Analysis of mean structure

Severin Hornung; Jrgen Glaser

2010-01-01

330

Social and Student Engagement and Support: The Sloan-C Quality Scorecard for the Administration of Online Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As combinations of place-based, blended and fully online education proliferate, so do options for support and services. Aligning with regional accreditation criteria, the Sloan-C Quality Scorecard for the Administration of Online Programs is a useful way for institutions to measure and compare the quality of social and student engagement and

Moore, Janet C.; Shelton, Kaye

2013-01-01

331

Occupational Characteristics of Disabled Workers 1975-1976: Analysis of Social Security Disability Benefit Allowances to Workers During 1975-1976.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A proportional morbidity ratio study was made of workers who received Social Security (SS) disability allowances for the period 1975 to 1976. Age adjusted ratios were calculated by race and sex for 96 occupational groups and 67 disease conditions. During ...

T. J. Fischbach E. W. Dacey J. P. Sestito J. H. Green

1986-01-01

332

National Nuclear Security Administration International Safeguards Education & Training Program(s)  

SciTech Connect

The introduction of nuclear power is a challenging, time-consuming and complex endeavor. After lengthy deliberations and research, some discover they are not prepared to take on the responsibilities or make the necessary investments to pursue nuclear power at this time. In particular, as countries begin to study their education systems with a critical eye, they discover they are unlikely to produce the requisite people to support the new plant they had hoped to introduce in the next ten to fifteen years. Without experienced personnel who can manage, operate, regulate and inspect the new plant, there is no point to building a plant in the first place. This paper will begin with an overview of various challenges associated with establishing and implementing a safe, secure and sustainable nuclear program and describe the some of the key issues that need to be addressed while planning to introduce nuclear power into an energy portfolio. Subsequent sections will describe how the United States is assisting countries in this planning process and in developing an effective workforce capable of supporting the nuclear program. Next, the paper will look at the key documents countries need to prepare in order to develop an effective workforce. The final section will offer some potential measures for success to ensure the long-term viability of the education system.

Frazar, Sarah L.; McClelland-Kerr, John

2009-10-06

333

The problem of Social Security disability determination for the burn patient. A report from the Committee on Rehabilitation of the American Burn Association (ABA).  

PubMed

The ABA Rehabilitation Committee has developed a form to be included in the hospital record at discharge that should facilitate the Social Security disability determination process for the burn patient. This form should aid in the disability determination process by guiding the Social Security disability examiner to the pertinent evidence of limitation and chronicity in the often cumbersome medical record and by emphasizing the multiple body system nature of the severe burn injury. PMID:2921261

Cromes, G F; Helm, P A; Salisbury, R E

1989-01-01

334

Length of service and commitment of nurses in hospitalsof Social Security Organization (SSO) in Tehran  

PubMed Central

Background: A nurses commitment is the most important factor that influences her performance and depends on other variables. The purpose of this research was to study the relationship between length of service of the nurses with the amount of occupational commitment and organizational commitment. Methods: From Winter 2012 to Spring 2013, 266 nurses were chosen in selected hospitals of Social Security Organization (SSO). These nurses were randomly categorized into six different classes of service records including < 5, 5-9, 10-14, 15-19, 20-24, and 25-29 years. The length of service is related to the organizational, occupational, affective, continuance, and normative commitment. The data were collected and analyzed. Results: Generally 84% of the responders were women and the rest were men of which 95% had a bachelors degree and the rest had higher academic degrees. The length of service in 81% of nurses was <15 years and 19% were higher than 15 years. Significant correlation were seen between continuance and occupational commitments and length of service (r=0.23, P=0.04 and r=-0.26, P=0.02, respectively). There were not any significant differences regarding organizational, affective and normative commitments (P=0.12, P=0.33, P=0.47, respectively). Conclusion: The results show that the length of service was related to continuance and occupational commitment. So pre-retirement of the nurses after 20 years of work can result in an increase in average commitment of employees.

Jafari Kelarijani, Seyed Ebrahim; Heidarian, Ali Reza; Jamshidi, Reza; Khorshidi, Mohamad

2014-01-01

335

The Social Security Death Index (SSDI) most accurately reflects true survival for older oncology patients  

PubMed Central

Introduction: The ability to ascertain survival information is important for retrospective and prospective studies. Two databases that can be used are the Social Security Death Index (SSDI) and the National Death Index (NDI). Although the NDI is more complete, there are advantages to the SSDI such as ease of use and cost. The intent of this study was to determine accuracy of the SSDI. Methods: Publically available data on all known deceased individuals in the state of Ohio in 2003 were obtained from the State of Ohio Department of Health. A random sample of 63,557 of these were compared to the SSDI to identify risk factor for inclusion/exclusion. Results: Overall, 94.7% of all death records were confirmed by the SSDI. Age at death, gender, race, ethnicity, and cause of death were all found to significantly affect the likelihood of inclusion. Specifically, people aged 18-24 were included only 79.8% of the time compared to 96.2% for those over the age of 65. Also, malignancy as cause of death resulted in a 95.3% inclusion while trauma as a cause of death led to 86.5% inclusion. While Caucasians had an inclusion of 95.6%, African Americans were included only 87.8% of the time. Hispanics and women also had lower inclusion rates. Discussion: The SSDI is a strong tool for following up on participants lost to follow up in certain populations but is weaker in others. The SSDI would be particularly useful in a population that is largely older, Caucasian, or has malignant disease.

Huntington, Justin T; Butterfield, Mathew; Fisher, James; Torrent, Daniel; Bloomston, Mark

2013-01-01

336

75 FR 1271 - Technical Revisions to the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Regulations on Income and Resources  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Income (SSI) Regulations on Income and Resources AGENCY: Social Security Administration...revisions to our rules on income and resources. Many of these revisions reflect legislative...that had otherwise been an excludable resource. Finally, we are updating our...

2010-01-11

337

The eye of the camera: effects of security cameras on pro-social behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addresses the effects of security cameras on prosocial behavior. Results from previous studies indicate that the presence of others can trigger helping behavior, arising from the need for approval of others. Extending these findings, the authors propose that security cameras can likewise trigger such approval-seeking behaviors by implying the presence of a watchful eye. Because people vary in

Rompay van T. J. L; D. J. Vonk; M. L. Fransen

2009-01-01

338

The medical care programs of the Farm Security Administration, 1932 through 1947: a rehearsal for national health insurance?  

PubMed Central

At a time of renewed interest in universal health insurance, an examination of earlier periods when society grappled with the link between socioeconomic status and health is fruitful. Between 1935 and 1947, the federal government sponsored a comprehensive medical care program for low-income farmers, sharecroppers, and migrant workers under the auspices of the Farm Security Administration (FSA). Despite the strong opposition of the American Medical Association, humanitarian and economic concerns at the local level often promoted physicians' participation in the program's group prepayment plans. Many FSA leaders clearly saw the program as a model upon which national health insurance might advance. However, in the wake of World War II, the FSA program declined as physicians' income improved, the rural population declined, and traditional ideological objections to federal intervention in medical care resurfaced. The FSA experience illuminates the complex ideological, economic, and humanitarian motivations of American physicians in the face of health care reform. Images p1680-a p1682-a p1684-a

Grey, M R

1994-01-01

339

Changes in quality of care and costs induced by implementation of a diabetes program in a social security entity of Argentina  

PubMed Central

Purpose To measure the impact of a diabetes and cardiovascular risk factors program implemented in a social security institution upon short- and long-term clinical/metabolic outcomes and costs of care. Methods Observational longitudinal cohort analysis of clinical/metabolic data and resource use of 300 adult male and female program participants with diabetes before (baseline) and 1 and 3 years after implementation of the program. Data were obtained from clinical records (Qualidiab) and the administrations database. Results The implementation of the program in real world conditions resulted in an immediate and sustainable improvement of the quality of care provided to people with diabetes incorporated therein. We also recorded a more appropriate oral therapy prescription for hyperglycemia and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs), as well as a decrease of events related to chronic complications. This improvement was associated with an increased use of diagnostic and therapeutic resources, particularly those related to pharmacy prescriptions, not specifically used for the control of hyperglycemia and other CVRFs. Conclusion The implementation of a diabetes program in real-world conditions results in a significant short- and long-term improvement of the quality of care provided to people with diabetes and other CVRFs, but simultaneously increased the use of resources and the cost of diagnostic and therapeutic practices. Since controlled studies have shown improvement in quality of care without increasing costs, our results suggest the need to include management-control strategies in these programs for appropriate medical and administrative feedback to ensure the simultaneous improvement of clinical outcomes and optimization of the use of resources.

Gonzalez, Lorena; Elgart, Jorge F; Calvo, Hector; Gagliardino, Juan J

2013-01-01

340

Using Social Media to Support the Learning Needs of Future IS Security Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The emergence of social media has forced educators to think differently about the way learning occurs. Students and practitioners alike are using new technologies to connect with peers/colleagues, share ideas, resources and experiences for extracurricular activities. The social business gaming platform considered in this study leverages the social

Neville, Karen; Heavin, Ciara

2013-01-01

341

User-Centric Secure Cross-Site Interaction Framework for Online Social Networking Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social networking service is one of major technological phenomena on Web 2.0. Hundreds of millions of users are posting message, photos, and videos on their profiles and interacting with other users, but the sharing and interaction are limited within the same social networking site. Although users can share some content on a social networking site

Ko, Moo Nam

2011-01-01

342

Health and social security reforms in Latin America: the convergence of the World Health Organization, the World Bank, and transnational corporations.  

PubMed

International financial institutions have played an increasing role in the formation of social policy in Latin American countries over the last two decades, particularly in health and pension programs. World Bank loans and their attached policy conditions have promoted several social security reforms within a neoliberal framework that privileges the role of the market in the provision of health and pensions. Moreover, by endorsing the privatization of health services in Latin America, the World Health Organization has converged with these policies. The privatization of social security has benefited international corporations that become partners with local business elites. Thus the World Health Organization, international financial institutions, and transnational corporations have converged in the neoliberal reforms of social security in Latin America. Overall, the process represents a mechanism of resource transfer from labor to capital and sheds light on one of the ways in which neoliberalism may affect the health of Latin American populations. PMID:11809007

Armada, F; Muntaner, C; Navarro, V

2001-01-01

343

49 CFR 1510.9 - Collection of security service fees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Collection of security service fees. 1510.9 Section 1510...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY ADMINISTRATIVE AND PROCEDURAL RULES...

2013-10-01

344

Development of local homeland security networks in the state of Florida: A social network analysis approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do local homeland security organizations respond to catastrophic events such as hurricanes and acts of terrorism? Among the most important aspects of this response are these organizations ability to adapt to the uncertain nature of these \\

Patrick Michael Bell

2012-01-01

345

Are the "worst of the worst" self-injurious prisoners more likely to end up in long-term maximum-security administrative segregation?  

PubMed

This study examined the association of extent of prisoner self-injurious behavior (SIB) and placement in long-term maximum-security administrative segregation. A prisoner subgroup (n=132) defined by extent of SIB was matched by conviction prefix and security level to a group of prisoners who had never engaged in SIB (n=132) and compared on selected variables. Relative to prisoners who either engaged in less extensive SIB or none at all, prisoners who engaged in three or more forms of SIB while in prison were found to be twice as likely to be housed in long-term administrative segregation, less educated, began their criminal careers at an earlier age, engaged in more violence in the community and in prison, involved in property destruction, and experienced a much greater degree of housing instability in prison. PMID:20668209

Lanes, Eric Charles

2011-10-01

346

49 CFR 1542.113 - Airport tenant security programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Airport tenant security programs. 1542.113 Section 1542...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT...

2013-10-01

347

49 CFR 1542.303 - Security Directives and Information Circulars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Security Directives and Information Circulars. ...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT...

2013-10-01

348

49 CFR 1548.19 - Security Directives and Information Circulars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Security Directives and Information Circulars. ...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY INDIRECT...

2013-10-01

349

49 CFR 1544.233 - Security coordinators and crewmembers, training.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Security coordinators and crewmembers, training...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRCRAFT...

2013-10-01

350

49 CFR 1544.305 - Security Directives and Information Circulars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Security Directives and Information Circulars. ...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRCRAFT...

2013-10-01

351

49 CFR 1540.205 - Procedures for security threat assessment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Procedures for security threat assessment. 1540.205 Section...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY CIVIL...

2013-10-01

352

49 CFR 1549.109 - Security Directives and Information Circulars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Security Directives and Information Circulars. ...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY CERTIFIED...

2013-10-01

353

Psychosocial and Career Mentoring: Female African American Social Work Education Administrators' Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a scarcity of knowledge on the mentoring experiences of Black women in social work academia. Using a survey methodology, this pilot study examines the mentoring experiences of 10 Black, female leaders in social work education as protegees. It also examines how they describe their current mentoring behavior toward recent proteges. The

Simon, Cassandra E.; Perry, Armon R.; Roff, Lucinda L.

2008-01-01

354

Teaching Social Change Agents in Educational Leadership, School and Agency Counseling and Human Service Administration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the authors' journey as three educational leadership professors implementing a program to improve teaching for social justice. The social change agents they seek to nurture in their graduate program are individuals who are keenly aware of inequities in society and possess the knowledge, skills, and will to make a difference

Tripses, Jenny S.; Hatfield, Kevin; Risen, D. Michael

2005-01-01

355

The Social and Economic Security of International Students: A New Zealand Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International education has generated complex problems of governance. As well as being beneficiaries of educational services and consumers of a product, international students are also migrants, workers and beings with civil rights. Arguably, the regulation of international student security as consumer protection fails to recognize this full range

Sawir, Erlenawati; Marginson, Simon; Nyland, Chris; Ramia, Gaby; Rawlings-Sanaei, Felicity

2009-01-01

356

Development of Local Homeland Security Networks in the State of Florida: A Social Network Analysis Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do local homeland security organizations respond to catastrophic events such as hurricanes and acts of terrorism? Among the most important aspects of this response are these organizations ability to adapt to the uncertain nature of these focusing events (Birkland 1997). They are often behind the curve, seeing response as a linear process, when in fact it is a complex,

Patrick M Bell

2012-01-01

357

V2010 Security Planning and Operations: A Social Network Study of Key Information Sharing Relationships.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Ensuring adequate security for a major event, such as the Olympics and Paralympics Games, is a significant multi-year effort involving numerous federal, provincial, regional and municipal government partners, as well as a vast web of public, private and i...

S. Norton

2011-01-01

358

45 CFR 287.105 - What provisions of the Social Security Act govern the NEW Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Program? 287.105 Section 287.105 Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION...SERVICES THE NATIVE EMPLOYMENT WORKS (NEW) PROGRAM Program Design and Operations § 287.105 What provisions of the...

2013-10-01

359

Understanding the Pak in AfPak: the Obama administration's security policy for Pakistan at the mid-term  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article conducts an analysis of President Obama's security policy towards Pakistan during the first half of his current term in office. It identifies the rebalancing of civil-military relations, independent surveillance activities and drone strikes as key pillars of that security policy. This article examines the causes that led to the creation of that policy along with studying the efficacy

M. W. Aslam

2012-01-01

360

Framework for SCADA Security Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern automation systems used in infrastruc- ture (including Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition, or SCADA) have myriad security vulnerabilities. Many of these relate directly to inadequate security administration, which precludes truly effective and sustainable security. Adequate security management mandates a clear administrative struc- ture and enforcement hierarchy. The security policy is the root document, with sections covering purpose, scope, posi-

Dominique Kilman; Jason Stamp

361

NCAA Division I Student-Athlete and Athletic Administrator Perceptions of Social Support in the Athletic Department at One University in the Northwestern United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student-athletes' and athletic administrators' perceptions of available and accessible social support in the athletic department are explored. Interviews were conducted with three athletic administrators whose job responsibilities are most focused on student-athlete welfare and 13 student-athletes from a NCAA Division I University from the Pacific

Rothberg, Ami Lynn

2011-01-01

362

Social Security Reform: Raising Retirement Ages Improves Program Solvency but May Cause Hardship for Some. Statement of Barbara D. Bovbjerg, Associate Director, Income Security Issues, Health, Education and Human Services Division.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Today, I would like to discuss (1) how raising the retirement ages could affect Social Security's long-term solvency and the U.S. economy, (2) how the labor market for older workers might respond to these changes, and (3) the possible impacts from raising...

1998-01-01

363

Acting on anger: social anxiety modulates approach-avoidance tendencies after oxytocin administration.  

PubMed

Oxytocin attenuates responses to stress and threat (e.g., by fostering social approach in animals), but direct investigations of whether the hormone also facilitates approach-related social behaviors in humans are lacking. To assess approach-avoidance tendencies, we had participants respond to images of happy and angry faces with direct or averted gaze by either pulling a joystick toward themselves (approach) or pushing it away from themselves (avoidance). When given a placebo, participants' action tendencies were typical, with happy faces eliciting approach responses and angry faces eliciting avoidance responses. However, 24 IU of oxytocin moderated these tendencies, with the inclination to approach angry faces with direct gaze being negatively related to social anxiety. The results demonstrate that oxytocin facilitates approach in humans in response to social threat, which verifies its anxiolytic potential. Moreover, they underscore the moderating role of dispositional factors reported in endocrine research and their therapeutic implications. PMID:23737083

Radke, Sina; Roelofs, Karin; de Bruijn, Ellen R A

2013-08-01

364

Secure Objectives for School Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a study conducted among more than 980 American four-year and two-year colleges and universities, including institutions such as the University of Michigan, MIT, UCLA and Columbia, security staff and other administrators identified the five leading goals for their security systems: (1) Preventing unauthorized people from entering their

Dalton-Noblitt, April

2012-01-01

365

Increasing the Awareness of Middle School Developmentally Delayed Students, Parents, and Educators Concerning Supplemental Security Income.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum project was designed to educate developmentally delayed students, parents, and educators concerning the availability of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) through application to the Social Security Administration. Results of a survey of school staff and parents showed a need for information dissemination concerning SSI funds. The

Jarzab, Jacquelyn L.

366

Location Cheating: A Security Challenge to Location-based Social Network Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Location-based mobile social network services such as foursquare and Gowalla\\u000ahave grown exponentially over the past several years. These location-based\\u000aservices utilize the geographical position to enrich user experiences in a\\u000avariety of contexts, including location-based searching and location-based\\u000amobile advertising. To attract more users, the location-based mobile social\\u000anetwork services provide real-world rewards to the user, when a user

Wenbo He; Xue Liu; Mai Ren

2011-01-01

367

Social Affiliation and the Achievement of Ontological Security through Interpersonal and Mass Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews literature comparing different forms and contexts of communication. States that underlying the motivations for both mediated and face-to-face communications is a basic need for social affiliation. Suggests a more integrative theory of communication that may transcend specific media, content, or contexts. (PA)

Cohen, Jonathan; Metzger, Miriam

1998-01-01

368

Steering Security through Measurement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the results of a security management survey of IT administrators from small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) who ranked predefined Critical Success Factors (CSFs) and Indicators. The outcome of this study relies on the development of a set of security management guidelines that allows IT administrators to adopt assessment and managerial security routines. The secondary contribution relies on allowing IT administrators to establish a culture of implementing and tracking the effectiveness of technical and non-technical security controls. The survey results describe how IT administrators would like the most critical aspects of security to evolve.

Torres, Jose M.; Sarriegi, Jose M.; Hernantes, Josune; Lauge, Ana

369

BASIC INCOME AND ITS COGNATES Partial basic income versus earned income tax credit and reductions of social security contributions as alternative ways of addressing the \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

At least three types of transfer policies have been advocated as ways of fighting unemployment without worsening poverty: reductions of social security contributions, the earned income tax credit, and an unconditional basic income (possibly in the form of a negative income tax). Many proponents of some of these are passionate opponents of some of the others. Yet, in the institutional

Philippe Van Parijs; Laurence Jacquet; Claudio Csar Salinas

370

A Review of the Continuing Orientation Course (LA 297 B) Offered for Social Security Students During the 1982 Spring Term, The Pennsylvania State University, Beaver Campus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A continuing orientation course offered by Pennsylvania State University, Beaver Campus, for "social security students" during the 1982 spring term is reviewed in terms of course content, student characteristics, the use of undergraduate group facilitators, the grading system, and students' evaluations of the course. The course was offered for

DeWitt, Robert C.

371

A Study of the Social Security Work Incentives and Their Relation to Perceived Barriers to Work Among Persons With Psychiatric Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To study use and awareness of the Social Security Work Incentives (SSWIs) and to obtain empirical data on barriers to returning to work. Study Design: Using parallel surveys and multiple sampling and recruitment strategies, the authors administered a brief survey about the SSWIs. Participants: Persons with a psychiatric disability (n = 539), service providers (n = 120), and family

Kim L. MacDonald-Wilson; E. Sally Rogers; Marsha Langer Ellison; Asya Lyass

2003-01-01

372

Hong Kong Regime Transformation at the Crossroads: From the PoliticsAdministration and Social Capital Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

After Hong Kong returned to China, it experienced both subtle and significant changes in various arenas including its bureaucratic system, its politics, and in its civil society. These changes gradually lead to regime transformation. This article examines regime transformation in Hong Kong from two theoretical perspectives: politicsadministration relations and statecivil society relations. Two cases which constitute salient issues today, the

M. Jae Moon; Robert W. Gage

2003-01-01

373

Understanding Interconnections between Cultural Differences: A Social Justice Imperative for Educational Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study was conducted at a small Catholic college attempting to change the cultural environment for people who identify themselves as different from the white, Catholic, middle class, heterosexual norm represented on the campus. Thirty members of the college faculty, students, and administration and staff were selected through stratified

Perlis, Susan M.; Shapiro, Joan Poliner

374

Socialization in the Asynchronous Online Course Discussion of Graduate Nursing Administration Students: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last several years there has been an increase in the amount of graduate education in nursing offered online in Web-based programs. There is a lack of research into the role played by online graduate nursing course discussion, an important component of many courses, in the process of socialization for advanced nursing roles. To understand

Moore-Cox, Annie

2010-01-01

375

Principals Learning from Veteran Teachers Serving Impoverished Students: Social Justice Implications for Professors of Educational Administration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study of ten elementary veteran teachers used Hargrove's single, double, and triple-loop thinking to understand their perceptions regarding knowledge new principals need to be social justice leaders working in impoverished schools. Findings in three categories revealed the importance of principals learning to identify their

Rosine, Dale

2013-01-01

376

Social interactions alter proinflammatory cytokine gene expression and behavior following endotoxin administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sick animals display a constellation of behaviors, including anhedonia, anorexia, and reduced social interactions. Acute infection eliminates female mating behavior, but fails to attenuate mating behavior in male rats. These results have been attributed to the different reproductive strategies and parental investment of the two sexes. Males putatively suppress the symptoms of infection in order to deceive females into mating.

Zachary M. Weil; Stephanie L. Bowers; Leah M. Pyter; Randy J. Nelson

2006-01-01

377

Corporate Social Responsibility: Case Study of Community Expectations and the Administrative Systems, Niger Delta  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Poor community-company relations in the Niger Delta have drawn attention to the practice of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the region. Since the 1960s, transnational oil corporations operating in the Niger Delta have adopted various CSR strategies, yet community-company relations remain adversarial. This article examines community

Ogula, David

2012-01-01

378

Health Consequences of an Eclectic Social Security Regime: The Case of Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Until 2004-2008 reforms, access to health care among separate pension schemes in Turkey was very stratified. A widely accepted ranking of health services of different pension schemes in Turkey (from best to worst) was Government Employees Retirement Fund (GERF), Social Insurance Institution (SII) for workers, Ba?-Kur (BK) for urban self-employed, BK for farmers, Green Card (a means-tested poverty relief scheme),

Hasan Tekguc

2011-01-01

379

USER-CENTERED DESIGN OF A SECURE P2P PERSONAL AND SOCIAL NETWORKING PLATFORM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advances in Peer-to-Peer (P2P) and web technologies have recently enabled P2P personal and social networking. The key to the success of such systems is middleware and tools that will allow non-expert consumers to manage their networks and share their resources easily and intuitively. This is the motivation behind MyNet, a P2P platform that enables non-expert users to easily organize their

Zoe Antoniou; N. Kalofonos

380

The Influence of Social Security on Household Savings: A Cross-Country Investigation (L'influence de la sécurité sociale sur l'épargne des ménages: analyse par groupes de pays) (La influencia de los seguros sociales sobre el ahorro de los hogares: un análisis transversal de países)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the role of social security schemes in determining intercountry differences in the savings propensities of households. To this end, an eclectic model of long-run household savings behavior is constructed on the basis of the absolute-income, the permanent-income, and the life-cycle hypotheses, incorporating the effects of social security benefits (old-age pensions or lump-sum disbursements, transfers against current contingencies,

George Kopits; Padma Gotur

1980-01-01

381

Impression Management, Social Desirability, and Computer Administration of Attitude Questionnaires: Does the Computer Make a Difference?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lautenschlager and Flaherty (1990) unexpectedly found that more socially desirable responding occurred on a computer version of an attitude and personality questionnaire than on a paper-and-pencil version. The present study attempted to replicate and extend their findings in a noncollege environment. Male Navy recruits (N = 246) completed several questionnaires in either a computer-administered or paper-and-pencil condition and in either

Stephanie Booth-Kewley; Jack E. Edwards; Paul Rosenfeld

1992-01-01

382

PERCEPTIONS OF SECURITY AND PRIVACY WHEN USING MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS An Analysis of Administrative and Line Staff Congruence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile communication systems have revolutionized business communication and become common communication tools within business organizations. The dramatic increase in the use of mobile communication systems would not have been possible without the assumption of information security and privacy. However, in many workplaces, this assumption is wrong, and, in fact, mobile communications are vulnerable in many ways. The purpose of this

Cheon-Pyo Lee; Xin Luo; Merrill Warkentin

383

49 CFR 1503.3 - Reports by the public of security problems, deficiencies, and vulnerabilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY ADMINISTRATIVE AND PROCEDURAL RULES...should be reported to the Department of Homeland Security Inspector General: telephone...

2013-10-01

384

Effects of acute ethanol administration and chronic stress exposure on social investigation and 50 kHz ultrasonic vocalizations in adolescent and adult male Sprague-Dawley rats  

PubMed Central

Adolescents drink largely in social situations, likely in an attempt to facilitate social interactions. This study sought to examine alterations in the incentive salience of a social stimulus following repeated stress exposure and acute ethanol administration in adolescent and adult male SpragueDawley rats. Subjects were either exposed to 5 days of restraint stress, chronic variable stress (CVS), which consisted of a different stressor every day, or non-stressed. On test day, the animals were injected with 0, 0.25, 0.5, or 0.75 g/kg ethanol and placed in a social approach test in which they could see, hear, and smell a social conspecific, but could not physically interact with it. All the animals showed an interest in the social stimulus, with adolescents engaging in more social investigation than adults. Restraint stressed adults showed ethanol-induced increases in social investigation, while ethanol effects were not seen in any other group. An ethanol-associated increase in 50 kHz ultrasonic vocalization (USV) production was only evident in restraint stressed adolescents following 0.75 g/kg ethanol. 50 kHz USVs were not correlated with time spent investigating the social stimulus in any test condition. These results show that age differences in the facilitatory effects of ethanol on incentive salience of social stimuli are moderated by stress, with the facilitation of social approach by ethanol only evident in restraint stressed adults.

Willey, Amanda R.; Spear, Linda P.

2013-01-01

385

Peripheral administration of oxytocin increases social affiliation in the naked mole-rat (Heterocephalus glaber).  

PubMed

The neuropeptide oxytocin regulates a wide variety of social behaviors across diverse species. However, the types of behaviors that are influenced by this hormone are constrained by the species in question and the social organization that a particular species exhibits. Therefore, the present experiments investigated behaviors regulated by oxytocin in a eusocial mammalian species by using the naked mole-rat (Heterocephalus glaber). In Experiment 1, adult non-breeding mole-rats were given intraperitoneal injections of either oxytocin (1mg/kg or 10mg/kg) or saline on alternate days. Animals were then returned to their colony and behavior was recorded for minutes 15-30 post-injection. Both doses of oxytocin increased huddling behavior during this time period. In Experiment 2, animals received intraperitoneal injections of either oxytocin (1mg/kg), an oxytocin-receptor antagonist (0.1mg/kg), a cocktail of oxytocin and the antagonist, or saline across 4 testing days in a counterbalanced design. Animals were placed in either a 2-chamber arena with a familiar conspecific or in a small chamber with 1week old pups from their home colony and behaviors were recorded for minutes 15-30 post-injection. Oxytocin increased investigation of, and time spent in close proximity to, a familiar conspecific; these effects were blocked by the oxytocin antagonist. No effects were seen on pup-directed behavior. These data suggest that oxytocin is capable of modulating affiliative-like behavior in this eusocial species. PMID:24530845

Mooney, Skyler J; Douglas, Natasha R; Holmes, Melissa M

2014-04-01

386

Time management behaviors of head nurses and staff nurses employed in Tehran Social Security Hospitals, Iran in 2011  

PubMed Central

Background: Effective time management is considered important for managers for achieving the goals in an organization. Head nurses can improve their efficiency and performance with effective use of time. There has always been a lot of disagreement in understanding time management behaviors of head nurses; therefore, the present study was conducted with an aim to compare the understanding of head nurses and staff nurses of the time management behaviors of head nurses employed in Social Security Hospitals in Tehran, Iran in 2011. Materials and Methods: This was a comparative descriptive study in which 85 head nurses were selected through census and 170 staff nurses were also selected through simple random sampling method from hospitals covered by the Social Security. Data collection was done through a standard inventory with high validity and reliability, which consisted of two parts: Socio-demographic characteristics and time management inventory. The obtained data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics through SPSS software version 13. Results: Mean score of time management in head nurses viewpoint was 143.22 (18.66) and in staff nurses viewpoint was 136.04 (21.45). There was a significant correlation between the mean scores of head nurses time management and some of their socio-demographic characteristics such as gender, clinical experience, passing a time management course, and book reading (P < 0.05). There was a significant correlation between the mean scores of staff nurses time management and their clinical working experience, education, using time management approach, and type of hospital (P < 0.05). The majority of head nurses (52.9%) believed that their time management was in a high level; besides, most of the staff nurses also (40%) believed that time management of their head nurses was high. However, there was a significant difference between the perceptions of both groups on using MannWhitney test (P < 0.05). Conclusion: With regard to the importance of time management and its vital role in the quality of nursing care for clients, and also the fact that head nurses believed more in their time management behaviors, they are expected to improve organization's goals and developments in order to modify the weaknesses and shortages and promote the skills and capabilities of their staffs and also resolve the disagreement on the understanding of time management. Moreover, effective time management training programs can be an important step for staff nurses and their head nurses.

Ebrahimi, Hossein; Hosseinzadeh, Rahele; Tefreshi, Mansoreh Zaghari; Hosseinzadeh, Sadaf

2014-01-01

387

49 CFR 1544.215 - Security coordinators.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Security coordinators. 1544.215 Section 1544...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRCRAFT...

2013-10-01

388

Attendance at the American Society for Public Administration Conference and Presentation of Paper on the Department of Homeland Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

I am requesting grant funds to pay for registration, airfare, etc., to the annual conference of the American Society for Public Administration in Milwaukee, WI, from April1- April 6, inclusive of national council meeting and pre-conference activities. These funds would support my presence at the conference in a number of capacities, all of which are explained below: (1) National ASPA

Wendy Haynes

2005-01-01

389

49 CFR 1540.105 - Security responsibilities of employees and other persons.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY: GENERAL RULES Responsibilities of Passengers and Other Individuals and Persons §...

2013-10-01

390

49 CFR 1548.11 - Training and knowledge for individuals with security-related duties.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Training and knowledge for individuals with security-related duties. 1548.11 Section...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY INDIRECT...

2013-10-01

391

49 CFR 1544.235 - Training and knowledge for individuals with security-related duties.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Training and knowledge for individuals with security-related duties. 1544.235 Section...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRCRAFT...

2013-10-01

392

49 CFR 1549.5 - Adoption and implementation of the security program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Adoption and implementation of the security program. 1549.5 Section 1549.5...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY CERTIFIED...

2013-10-01

393

49 CFR 1548.5 - Adoption and implementation of the security program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Adoption and implementation of the security program. 1548.5 Section 1548.5...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY INDIRECT...

2013-10-01

394

The structural relationships of social support, mothers psychological status, and maternal sensitivity to attachment security in children with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to explore how social support, mothers psychological status, and maternal sensitivity affected\\u000a attachment security in children with disabilities by using the structural equation model (SEM). Subjects were 141 pairs of\\u000a children with disabilities and theirs mothers. Empirical data was obtained through a series of questionnaires such as marital\\u000a satisfaction, support from people around, maternal

Eun Sil Kim; Byeong Seok Kim

2009-01-01

395

Delaware Student Testing Program: Report of Student Questionnaire Survey, 2002 DSTP Administration for Grades 3, 5, 8, 10, and 11 in Reading, Writing, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the administration of the 2002 Delaware Student Testing Program (DSTP), a questionnaire was given to students in grades 3, 5, 8, and 10 about Opportunity to Learn, Reading, Writing, and Mathematics, and to all students in grades 4, 6, 8, and 11 about Opportunity to Learn, Science, and Social Studies. Students responses to the questions were

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover. Assessment and Accountability Branch.

396

Social Justice, Competition and Quality: 21st Century Leadership Challenges. The 2012 Yearbook of the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the 2012 Yearbook of the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration (NCPEA). This Yearbook contains the following papers: (1) Editors' Sidebar (George Perreault and Luana Zellner); (2) The Hour Glass Economy: The Social Justice Challenge for the 21st Century (Fenwick W. English); (3) Maintaining the Human Touch in

Perreault, George, Ed.; Zellner, Luana, Ed.

2012-01-01

397

49 CFR 1572.5 - Standards for security threat assessments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Standards for security threat assessments. 1572.5 Section...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MARITIME AND LAND TRANSPORTATION...

2013-10-01

398

Using Common Sense to Effectively Integrate Security Technologies within a School's Security Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Security technologies are not the answer to all school security problems. However, they can be an excellent tool for school administrators and security personnel when incorporated into a total security strategy involving personnel, procedures, and facilit...

M. W. Gree

1998-01-01

399

A study of the prescription and administration of sedative PRN medication to older adults at a secure hospital.  

PubMed

ABSTRACT Background: There is a paucity of research into PRN medication use in older psychiatric inpatients. This is an important topic given the risks of polypharmacy, adverse drug reactions, and high dose medication. Method: In 2013, we carried out a cross-sectional survey of the prescription and administration of sedative PRN medication to older adult inpatients on seven wards at a UK tertiary referral centre. We compared them with 242 patients of working age. Results: Of the 92 patients studied, 56 (60.9%) were prescribed PRN sedation and 25 (27.2%) had received one or more doses in the previous fortnight. In total, 70 doses had been administered; all by mouth and all but one as single doses. Lorazepam was by far the most commonly prescribed and administered PRN drug. Agitation was the main indication, although violence was the most commonly cited reason for administration but documentation of antecedents, non-pharmacological strategies and outcome including side effects was uniformly poor with only 37 (52.9%) doses recorded in the case notes. Those with organic disorders were just as likely to receive PRN as those with functional illnesses. Patients very rarely actually received high dose antipsychotics or antipsychotic polypharmacy as a result of PRN prescriptions. Older patients were less likely than adults of working age to be prescribed PRN and dosages were smaller. Conclusion: Prospective studies of PRN prescription and administration are needed to better understand the reasons underpinning its use and to gain objective data upon its effectiveness or otherwise in this vulnerable patient group. PMID:24565334

Haw, Camilla; Wolstencroft, Lindsey

2014-06-01

400

[Macronutrients consumption and lifestyle in patients whose received transplant of kidney in The Mexican Institute for Social Security].  

PubMed

The transplant offer the best quality of life to patients whose suffer from advanced chronic renal failure. This work was undertaken to know the lifestyle and macronutrients consume patterns in patients from the Mexican Institute for Social Security whose received a transplanted kidney . Demographic and anthropometric information were obtained from 119 transplanted patients and consume patterns were obtained from them through the recall of 24 hours. The IMEVID questionnaire was used to assess the lifestyle in this population. This instrument was previously validated for its reliability, its showed a value of 0.681 for alpha of Cronbach and 0.685 for Spearman-Brown test. The 70% of the patients showed less favourable lifestyles and there were no differences between genders. There were significative differences among states of the country where the subjects lived; attending the following domains of the IMEVID questionnaire. Information, physical activity and adjustment to the treatment (p < 0.001). In those States near the american border the BMI was superior to the 25 kg/m(2), there were significatives differences attending ideal and real ingestion among States of the country, (p < 0.05). The protein consumption was higher in patients living in Michoacan to those reported from patients living in other states of the country (p < 0.05)and the lipids consumption was higher in Nuevo Leon in comparison with those reported from patients living in other states of the country (p < 0.05). It is frequent to find non favourable lifestyles in patients with transplant of the kidney, even when they practices physical exercise. The promotion of healthy lifestyles via educative strategies of high impact, in patients with transplant is necessary to avoid highly cost complications and rejection of the graft. PMID:20204264

Vzquez Pulgar, E; Ibarra-Ramrez, F; Figueroa-Nez, B; Gmez Alonso, C; Rodrguez-Orozco, Alain R

2010-01-01

401

The interdependent security problem in the defense industrial base: An agent-based model on a social network  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper extends the Kunreuther and Heal game-theoretic model of the interdependent security problem by applying the model to an empirically based network environment. The scale-free network is derived from the contract-based organization of the defense industry. Theft of knowledge in this industry could have an impact on both economic and national security. However, imperfect information in the IT security

Forrest Hare; Jonathan Goldstein

2010-01-01

402

Developing a public health cadre in 21 st century India: addressing gaps in technical, administrative and social dimensions of public health services.  

PubMed

This paper presents a possible framework for designing a public health cadre in the present context, with lessons from health services development of the last six decades. Three major gaps that the public health cadre is meant to bridge have been identified. These are capacities within the system to address the technical requirements (epidemiological and health systems analysis); administrative/managerial dimensions; and the social determinants of health. Therefore, it argues that the cadre must not only have a techno-managerial structure, but also create a specific sub-cadre for the social determinants of health. PMID:24351382

Priya, Ritu; Chikersal, Anjali

2013-01-01

403

49 CFR 1549.7 - Approval, amendment, renewal of the security program and certification of a certified cargo...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Approval, amendment, renewal of the security program and certification of a certified...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY CERTIFIED...

2013-10-01

404

49 CFR 1544.228 - Access to cargo and cargo screening: Security threat assessments for cargo personnel in the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Access to cargo and cargo screening: Security threat assessments for cargo personnel in...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRCRAFT...

2013-10-01

405

49 CFR 1548.15 - Access to cargo: Security threat assessments for individuals having unescorted access to cargo.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Access to cargo: Security threat assessments for individuals having...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY INDIRECT...

2013-10-01

406

Administrator Strategies that Support High Fidelity Implementation of the Pyramid Model for Promoting Social-Emotional Competence & Addressing Challenging Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Implementing the Pyramid Model with fidelity and achieving positive outcomes for children and their families requires that administrators understand their roles in the implementation process. Every administrative decision impacts program quality and sustainability. This Policy Brief underscores the importance of facilitative administrative

Mincic, Melissa; Smith, Barbara J.; Strain, Phil

2009-01-01

407

Medico-economic evaluation of health products in the context of the Social Security Financing Act for 2012.  

PubMed

The participants in round table 6 of the Giens Workshops 2012 drafted recommendations based on the collective interpretation of important elements of the decree concerning the medico-economic evaluation of health products published a few days earlier (02 October 2012). The medico-economic evaluation (MEE), becomes an additional determinant for fixing the prices of health products by the Health products economic committee (Comit conomique des produits de sant, CEPS) via the hierarchisation of treatment strategies, and thus modifies the market access conditions. Limiting the analysis to medicinal products and medical devices for which a major, important or moderate improvement in the medical service rendered (ASMR) or of the expected service (ASA) has been requested and presenting a significant budget impact on the Social Security expenses, excludes health products with ASMR or ASA with a lower level requested which often create complex price fixing problems and often have a major budget impact. This latter concept remains to be defined in detail. The MEE envisaged for the first registration must include the need to confirm or refute the initial hypotheses especially concerning the actual position in the therapeutic strategy at the time of renewal of the registration. For the first registration, the conventional reference to European prices guaranteeing a minimum price to innovative medicinal products, the medico-economic models submitted by the industry to the French Drug Authority (Haute autorit de sant, HAS) must be used to guide the compilation of new data to be requested at the time of the registration renewal and to negotiate the level of the discounts in the framework of a price-volume agreement, if applicable. The MEE will allow comparing the result of the analysis to the model hypothesis at the time of the renewal of the registration, which may contribute to the renegotiation (either up or down) of the price of health goods. The costs related to obtaining new data must be controlled. In order for the MEE to allow confirming the relationship between the price requested and the benefit expected, the group privileges the definition of reference values with an indicative and non-normative value, likely to evolve with time rather than a threshold. Concerning the evaluation procedure: the time to market access must not be lengthened; while the possibility of regular meetings between the industry and the HAS is recommended to avoid methodological divergences. A transitory period should allow the implementation of the entire evaluation procedure which must also take into account the specificities of health products registered before the 3 October 2013. PMID:23981264

Dervaux, Benot; Baseilhac, Eric; Fagon, Jean-Yves; Ameye, Vronique; Angot, Pierre; Audry, Antoine; Becquemont, Laurent; Borel, Thomas; Cazeneuve, Batrice; Courtois, Jocelyn; Detournay, Bruno; Favre, Pascal; Granger, Muriel; Josseran, Anne; Lassale, Catherine; Louvet, Olivier; Pinson, Jean; de Pouvourville, Grard; Rochaix, Lise; Rumeau-Pichon, Catherine; de Saab, Rima; Schwarzinger, Mickal; Sun, Aristide

2013-01-01

408

Social Stress and CRF-Dopamine Interactions in the VTA: Role in Long-Term Escalation of Cocaine Self-Administration.  

PubMed

The nature of neuroadaptations in the genesis of escalated cocaine taking remains a topic of considerable interest. Intermittent social defeat stress induces both locomotor and dopaminergic cross-sensitization to cocaine, as well as escalated cocaine self-administration. The current study examines the role of corticotropin releasing factor receptor subtypes 1 and 2 (CRFR1, CRFR2) within the ventral tegmental area (VTA) during social defeat stress. This study investigated whether injecting either a CRFR1 or CRFR2 antagonist directly into the VTA before each social defeat would prevent the development of later (1) locomotor sensitization, (2) dopaminergic sensitization, and (3) escalated cocaine self-administration in rats. CRFR1 antagonist CP376395 (50 or 500 ng/side), CRFR2 antagonist Astressin2-B (100 or 1000 ng/side), or vehicle (aCSF) was microinjected into the VTA 20 min before social defeat stress (or handling) on days 1, 4, 7, and 10. Ten days later, rats were injected with cocaine (10 mg/kg, i.p.) and assessed for either locomotor sensitization, measured by walking activity, or dopaminergic sensitization, measured by extracellular dopamine (DA) in the nucleus accumbens shell (NAcSh) through in vivo microdialysis. Locomotor sensitization testing was followed by intravenous cocaine self-administration. Intra-VTA antagonism of CRFR1, but not CRFR2, inhibited the induction of locomotor cross-sensitization to cocaine, whereas both prevented dopaminergic cross-sensitization and escalated cocaine self-administration during a 24 h "binge." This may suggest dissociation between locomotor sensitization and cocaine taking. These data also suggest that interactions between CRF and VTA DA neurons projecting to the NAcSh are essential for the development of dopaminergic cross-sensitization to cocaine. PMID:24806691

Boyson, Christopher O; Holly, Elizabeth N; Shimamoto, Akiko; Albrechet-Souza, Lucas; Weiner, Lindsay A; Debold, Joseph F; Miczek, Klaus A

2014-05-01

409

[The end of discrimination in social security for the elderly? Some remarks on the consequences of the paradigm shift in a life course perspective on gender].  

PubMed

Trying to analyse the effects of the paradigm shift in the old age social security system in Germany (GRV) from a life cycle gender perspective yields light and shade - it is a conglomeration of individual- and family-specific transfers, financed by a mix of contributions and taxes, and with measures of explicit and implicit, intended and not intended ex-post and ex-ante redistribution and discrimination.The paradigm shift has increased the complexity of the system and created additional elements of gender specific discrimination as well as reduced established elements of the so called "social compensation". Furthermore, the relevance of complementary private and occupational pensions will increase absolute and relative due to the reduction of the pension level. This will raise the importance of earnings in old age especially those that are without any elements of social security compensation or without elements of recognition of activities beside employment. Overall the paradigm shift has intensified the discrimination of women in two ways and the pension privatisation has caused redistribution from the bottom to the top. In other words, there is an increase in inter- and intra-gender discrimination. Due to the changes and the emphasis of aspects of an independent old age security savings for women the norm of the "male breadwinner model" has increased. The importance of "providing one's own pension" additionally creates distribution conflicts within a partnership. Because of the necessity of constant payments over time within a private insurance and the changes of an individual income and gender-specific life cycle, conflicts may occur time and again. The dependence of life-long partnerships on each other is not reduced or abolished with the strengthening of the individualistic model of protection, but is qualitatively and quantitatively improved. Against this background, the measures of the statutory pension system which are aimed towards the situation of a woman's life are important factors to combat the disadvantages of private funded pension systems of which mainly women are affected in building up rights to future benefits. The analysis shows that the paradigm shift primarily brings disadvantages to women. They disproportionally depend on statutory pension system benefits, and therefore also on compensating benefits of the negative consequences of private and occupational pension systems. For the future an increase in poverty of older people - and especially women - can be seen to emerge because of pension privatisation and the reduction of the pension level in the German social security system. PMID:19083046

Fachinger, Uwe

2008-10-01

410

The Department of Homeland Security  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, a product of the White House Web site, is the Department of Homeland Security's home page. Here, you will find information such as an analysis of the Homeland Security Act, Presidential speeches and background information on homeland security, the department's organizational structure, administration and homeland security actions since September 11th, and other key components regarding the department's role and responsibilities.

2001-01-01

411

Sensitive Security Information and Transportation Security: Issues and Congressional Options.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As a result of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, Congress passed legislation creating the Transportation Security Administration (TSA). The agency was charged with making improvements to the country's transportation security systems and protect...

M. A. Sollenberger

2004-01-01

412

49 CFR 1540.209 - Fees for security threat assessment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Fees for security threat assessment. 1540.209 Section...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY CIVIL...

2013-10-01

413

49 CFR 1542.3 - Airport security coordinator.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Airport security coordinator. 1542.3 Section 1542...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT...

2013-10-01

414

49 CFR 1542.107 - Changed conditions affecting security.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Changed conditions affecting security. 1542.107 Section 1542.107 Transportation...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT...

2013-10-01

415

49 CFR 1562.29 - Armed security officer requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Armed security officer requirements. 1562.29 Section...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY OPERATIONS...

2013-10-01

416

The socially evaluated cold-pressor test (SECPT) for groups: Effects of repeated administration of a combined physiological and psychological stressor.  

PubMed

The combined administration of physiological (cold pressor) and psychological (social-evaluative threat) stressors, as in the socially evaluated cold pressor test (SECPT; Schwabe et al., 2008) activates the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Thus far, the SECPT has been administered exclusively to individual participants, which requires substantial personal effort and time. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether and to what extent cardiovascular parameters (SNS) and salivary cortisol concentrations (HPA axis) are affected over the course of repeated SECPT administration in a group design. The SECPT was conducted in groups of seven or more persons and repeated twice with a 24-h interval between each administration. During the stress test, the participants (n=61) were videotaped and observed continuously while they immersed their hands into ice-cold (1C, experimental group) or room-temperature (20C, control group) water. Blood pressure, heart rate, salivary cortisol concentration, and subjective stress perception were measured. All of these parameters increased significantly during each of the three stress exposures; in contrast, they remained constant in the control group. Moreover, the heart rate response towards the stressor decreased significantly over the course of the repeated stress exposures and salivary cortisol concentration of the experimental group was elevated before the third SECPT administration. Our results indicate that the group SECPT activates the SNS and the HPA, leading to increased blood pressure, heart rate, and cortisol concentration. Moreover, the repeated administration leads to habituation exclusively of heart rate. PMID:24845183

Minkley, Nina; Schrder, Thomas P; Wolf, Oliver T; Kirchner, Wolfgang H

2014-07-01

417

Self-efficacy in information security: Its influence on end users' information security practice behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ultimate success of information security depends on appropriate information security practice behaviors by the end users. Based on social cognitive theory, this study models and tests relationships among self-efficacy in information security, security practice behavior and motivation to strengthen security efforts. This study also explores antecedents to individuals' self-efficacy beliefs in information security. Results provide support for the many

Hyeun-Suk Rhee; Cheongtag Kim; Young U. Ryu

2009-01-01

418

Beyond Privacy and Security: Ethical Dilemmas Resulting From Emergent Uses of Electronic Health Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous countries are engaging in the development of national electronic health record systems in efforts to reduce administrative costs and healthcare treatment errors while improving healthcare quality. To date, most of the research related to these systems has focused on measuring or maximizing expected benefits or on related privacy and\\/or security concerns. Yet electronic health systems have social and organizational

Amy W. Ray; Susan Newell; Jesse Dillard

2009-01-01

419

Analysis of modern IS security development approaches: towards the next generation of social and adaptable ISS methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various modern approaches to Information Systems Security (ISS) development, influenced, e.g., by information systems (IS) development methods, have been presented. While we see these approaches as serious attempts to improve ISS, they have not received much attention in the literature. One reason for this is that these methods have been developed by scholars from different research traditions and disciplines. This

Mikko T. Siponen

2005-01-01

420

Suicide Terrorism in America: The Complex Social Conditions of This Phenomenon and the Implications for Homeland Security.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research applies social identity and intergroup relations theory to the phenomenon of suicide terrorism, and develops a framework that can be used to better understand the threat of suicide terrorism and its implications for United States homeland se...

R. J. Fleece

2012-01-01

421

Maternal Depression and Comorbidity: Predicting Early Parenting, Attachment Security, and Toddler Social-Emotional Problems and Competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo examine relations between maternal depression (in pure and comorbid forms) and motherinfant interactions, infant attachment, and toddler social-emotional problems and competencies. A second objective was to explore sex differences.

ALICE S. CARTER; F. ELIZABETH GARRITY-ROKOUS; RACHEL CHAZAN-COHEN; CHRISTINA LITTLE; MARGARET J. BRIGGS-GOWAN

2001-01-01

422

77 FR 70796 - Privacy Act of 1974; Retirement of Department of Homeland Security Transportation Security...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Transportation Security Administration-015 Registered Traveler Operations Files (November...Transportation Security Administration (TSA)-015 Registered Traveler (RT) Operations File...the system of records notice DHS/TSA-015 (RT) will have no adverse impact on...

2012-11-27

423

78 FR 46309 - Rules of Administrative Finality  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...information, such as Social Security numbers or medical...comment, the system will issue you a tracking number...visit our Internet site, Social Security Online, at...the legal or factual issues affecting your entitlement...eligibility as provided by the Social Security Act...

2013-07-31

424

Advances and current state of the security and privacy in electronic health records: survey from a social perspective.  

PubMed

E-Health systems are experiencing an impulse in these last years, when many medical agencies began to include digital solutions into their platforms. Electronic Health Records (EHRs) are one of the most important improvements, being in its most part a patient-oriented tool. To achieve a completely operational EHR platform, security and privacy problems have to be resolved, due to the importance of the data included within these records. But given all the different methods to address security and privacy, they still remain in most cases as an open issue. This paper studies existing and proposed solutions included in different scenarios, in order to offer an overview of the current state in EHR systems. Bibliographic material has been obtained mainly from MEDLINE and SCOPUS sources, and over 30 publications have been analyzed. Many EHR platforms are being developed, but most of them present weaknesses when they are opened to the public. These architectures gain significance when they cover all the requisites related to security and privacy. PMID:21947856

Tejero, Antonio; de la Torre, Isabel

2012-10-01

425

74 FR 7625 - Social Security Ruling, SSR 09-2p.; Title XVI: Determining Childhood Disability-Documenting a...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...social or emotional development...their level of academic skills and related...or a formal intelligence or language...development or academic skills and...as teacher-student ratio. This...Educational Performance. The first...development) or academic skills...

2009-02-18

426

Ensuring Health and Income Security for an Aging Workforce. [Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the National Academy of Social Insurance (12th, Washington, D.C., January 26-27, 2000)].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 15 articles on older workers and the challenges of health insurance, Social Security, retirement, job loss, and working until older ages. Following an introduction by the editors, the articles are organized in five sections that also include commentaries on the articles. The following are included in Section 1, "Charting the

Budetti, Peter P., Ed.; Burkhauser, Richard V., Ed.; Gregory, Janice M., Ed.; Hunt, H. Allan, Ed.

427

Attitudes of Doctor of Pharmacy Students Toward the Application of Social and Administrative Pharmacy in Clinical Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comparisons for Minnesota's class of 1977 supported the hypothesis that clinical pharmacy students become more receptive to pharmacy administrations skills and services as they gain clinical experience, especially in consultation services. Comparisons with the class of 1976 failed to support the hypothesis, however. (LBH)

Bootman, J. Lyle; Johnson, C. Anderson

1978-01-01

428

Increasing Social and Economic Inequalities among Suburban Schools: A Study in Educational Administration and Finance. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of five metropolitan areas indicates increasing social and economic inequalities among suburban schools. In addition, the metropolitan areas seemed to be developing contiguous sectors of "advantaged" school districts and "disadvantaged" school districts. Financial differences are at the base of the inequalities, with high income/low tax

Hickrod, G. Alan; Sabulao, Cesar M.

429

Preparation for Social Service Leadership: Field Work and Virtual Organizations that Promote Critical Thinking in Administration Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines how to prepare professional social workers for real-world nonprofit leadership roles. A pilot course assignment that incorporates a quasi-organization fieldwork simulation developed by the author is described. Development and application of critical thinking skills are reviewed, the course objective is explained, and methods

Williams-Gray, Brenda

2014-01-01

430

Using Common Sense to Effectively Integrate Security Technologies within a School's Security Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Security technologies are not the answer to all school security problems. However, they can be an excellent tool for school administrators and security personnel when incorporated into a total security strategy involving personnel, procedures, and facility layout. Unfortunately, very few of the tougher security problems in schools have solutions that are affordable, effective, and acceptable. Like any other type of

Gree

1998-01-01

431

Using common sense to effectively integrate security technologies within a school's security strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Security technologies are not the answer to all school security problems. However, they can be an excellent tool for school administrators and security personnel when incorporated into a total security strategy involving personnel, procedures, and facility layout. Unfortunately, very few of the tougher security problems in schools have solutions that are affordable, effective, and acceptable. Like any other type of

Mary W. Green

1998-01-01

432

An Administrative Law Perspective on Government Social Service Contracts: Outsourcing Prison Health Care in New York City  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores how administrative law can mitigate the democracy deficit that may occur when privatization shifts political debate into relatively private arenas, changes its focus, or precludes debate altogether.I t also argues that the prevailing form and key terms of globalization in the United States derive from neo-liberalism, particularly in the binary division of public\\/private and their conflation with

Alfred C. Aman

2007-01-01

433

School Business Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This textbook reviews the principal concerns within each of 13 major responsibility areas in school business administration. The first chapter assesses the political, social, and economic context in which schools function and school administrators work. The role and function of the school business administrator within this context is addressed in

Jordan, K. Forbis; And Others

434

77 FR 47419 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...have locked their Social Security Number...from the United States Visitor and Immigrant...Number [cir] Social Security Number...Entered United States [cir] Class...from Federal and state databases listed below: Social Security...

2012-08-08

435

[St. Sava--the founder of hospital health service, social security (benefit) and medical education program in Serbia].  

PubMed

The first written serbian medical records could be found in the Middle Ages (XIIIth century) when the serbian state was very well organized. St. Save was the son of Grand-Prince Stefan Nemanja (1171-1196), founder of the Serbian independent state and of a powerful dynasty that ruled Serbia for two centuries. At that time the first hospital service was established, and the social program which regulated the relationship between marriage and family, and the kind of therapy, was under the church and state control. PMID:17972830

Pavlovi?, B; Dragovi?, S

1994-01-01

436

Alternative security  

SciTech Connect

This book contains the following chapters: The Military and Alternative Security: New Missions for Stable Conventional Security; Technology and Alternative Security: A Cherished Myth Expires; Law and Alternative Security: Toward a Just World Peace; Politics and Alternative Security: Toward a More Democratic, Therefore More Peaceful, World; Economics and Alternative Security: Toward a Peacekeeping International Economy; Psychology and Alternative Security: Needs, Perceptions, and Misperceptions; Religion and Alternative Security: A Prophetic Vision; and Toward Post-Nuclear Global Security: An Overview.

Weston, B.H. (Iowa Univ., Iowa City, IA (United States))

1990-01-01

437

Is Social Security Secure with NDC?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introduction of NDC public pension scheme in few European countries, such as Latvia, Sweden, Italy, and Poland, in the nineties was motivated, among other things, by the need (i) to ensure the long term financial sustainability of the public pension system by linking pension returns to economic growth; (ii) to reduce the existing distortions in the labor market, due

Tito Boeri; Vincenzo Galasso

2010-01-01

438

33 CFR 116.30 - Administrator, Bridge Administration Program Review and Evaluation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-07-01 false Administrator, Bridge Administration Program Review and Evaluation...COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY BRIDGES ALTERATION OF UNREASONABLY OBSTRUCTIVE BRIDGES § 116.30 Administrator, Bridge...

2009-07-01

439

Title XX Social Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This pamphlet presents an overall view of title XX social services legislation (Title XX of the Social Security Act of 1974), describes the responsibilities of each State in preparing a Comprehensive Annual Services Program (CASP) Plan, and suggests ways ...

1981-01-01

440

78 FR 59706 - Secure Supply Chain Pilot Program; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration [Docket No. FDA-2008-N-0656] Secure Supply Chain Pilot Program; Correction AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration...51192). The document announced the start of the Secure Supply Chain Pilot Program (SSCPP). The document was...

2013-09-27

441

5 CFR 9701.508 - Homeland Security Labor Relations Board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Homeland Security Labor Relations Board. 9701...Administrative Personnel DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY-OFFICE OF PERSONNEL...

2009-01-01

442

5 CFR 9701.508 - Homeland Security Labor Relations Board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Homeland Security Labor Relations Board. 9701...Administrative Personnel DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY-OFFICE OF PERSONNEL...

2010-01-01

443

Top Ten Challenges Facing the Next Secretary of Homeland Security.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In an effort to assist with the first Presidential administration transition of the Department of Homeland Security, the Homeland Security Advisory Council has identified ten key challenges that will confront the next Secretary of Homeland Security. A cor...

2008-01-01

444

50 CFR 600.240 - Security assurances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MAGNUSON-STEVENS ACT PROVISIONS Council Membership § 600.240 Security assurances. (a) DOC Office of Security will...

2013-10-01

445

25 CFR 40.4 - Security.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...40.4 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION ADMINISTRATION OF EDUCATIONAL LOANS, GRANTS AND OTHER ASSISTANCE FOR HIGHER EDUCATION § 40.4 Security. If a borrower or cosigner has security to offer for an...

2011-04-01

446

77 FR 1971 - Supplemental Security Income and Homeless Individuals  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SSA-2011-0087] Supplemental Security Income and Homeless Individuals AGENCY: Social Security...public regarding the unique needs of homeless Supplemental Security Income (SSI...in public emergency shelters for the homeless, in an effort to better understand...

2012-01-12

447

75 FR 21012 - Extension of Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review: Highway Corporate Security...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review: Highway Corporate Security Review (CSR) AGENCY: Transportation Security Administration...Requirement Title: Corporate Security Review (CSR). Type of Request: Reinstatement. OMB...site visit, TSA personnel complete the CSR form, which asks security-related...

2010-04-22

448

49 CFR 1546.105 - Acceptance of and amendments to the security program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Acceptance of and amendments to the security program. 1546.105 Section 1546.105...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY FOREIGN AIR...

2013-10-01

449

49 CFR 1546.103 - Form, content, and availability of security program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Form, content, and availability of security program. 1546.103 Section 1546.103...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY FOREIGN AIR...

2013-10-01

450

49 CFR 1540.301 - Withdrawal of approval of a security program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Withdrawal of approval of a security program. 1540.301 Section 1540.301...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY CIVIL...

2013-10-01

451

SecurityCom: a multi-player game for researching and teaching information security teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major portion of government and business organizations' attempts to counteract information security threats is teams of security personnel. These teams often consist of personnel of diverse backgrounds in specific specialties such as network administration, application development, and business administration, resulting in conflicts between security, functionality, and availability. This paper discusses the use of games to teach and research information

Douglas P. Twitchell

2007-01-01

452

Economic Impact on Future European Security.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The end of the cold war and dissolution of the bipolar atmosphere present an organizational and security challenge for the 'New World Order.' Countries and security organizations are focusing on political, economic and social issues as well as military fo...

D. C. Elliott

1991-01-01

453

44 CFR 206.365 - Loan administration.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE Community Disaster Loans § 206.365 Loan administration. (a) Funding. (1) FEMA...

2013-10-01

454

44 CFR 206.375 - Loan administration.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE Community Disaster Loans § 206.375 Loan administration. (a) Funding. (1) FEMA...

2013-10-01

455

Security Evolution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how to evaluate school security, begin making schools safe, secure schools without turning them into fortresses, and secure schools easily and affordably; the evolution of security systems into information technology systems; using schools' high-speed network lines; how one specific security system was developed; pros and cons of the

De Patta, Joe

2003-01-01

456

Network Security  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This course provides an introduction to the principles and practice of network security. Topics include: security threats in networks, principles for providing security mechanisms (cryptography, key management, message authentication), practice of securing systems (PGP, IPsec, SSL), and recent research topics in security.

Xue, Yuan

2009-02-25

457

A systems approach to John Wayne airport security  

Microsoft Academic Search

The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 dramatically changed America's feeling of security. The American people called for stricter security standards on all flights. On November 19, 2001, President George W. Bush signed the Aviation and Transportation Security Act, establishing a new law. Under this new law, the transportation security administration (TSA) would be responsible for regulating all airport security

S. Donovan; T. Mahoney; N. Pelletier; M. Schmidt; M. Kwinn

2003-01-01

458

Procedures for Handling Security Patches.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document is written for system administrators, technical managers, functional managers, and other IT staff members who manage information systems. It provides a structured approach to identifying and implementing security patches or otherwise mitigat...

P. Mell M. C. Tracy

2002-01-01

459

77 FR 64533 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information: Security...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information: Security Threat Assessment for...AGENCY: Transportation Security Administration, DHS...The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) invites public comment on one...

2012-10-22

460

75 FR 52961 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information: Security...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information: Security Threat Assessment for...AGENCY: Transportation Security Administration, DHS...The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) invites public comment on one...

2010-08-30

461

Using common sense to effectively integrate security technologies within a school's security strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Security technologies are not the answer to all school security problems. However, they can be an excellent tool for school administrators and security personnel when incorporated into a total security strategy involving personnel, procedures, and facility layout. Unfortunately, very few of the tougher security problems in schools have solutions that are affordable, effective, and acceptable. Like any other type of facility, a school's security staff must understand the strengths and limitations of the security measures they are considering. It is imperative that the design for new schools incorporate good security practices, which will rarely increase new building costs if included in the initial planning.

Green, Mary W.

1998-12-01

462

Social Security: Applying for Benefits  

MedlinePLUS

... Your bank account number and your bank or financial institution's routing transit number, so your benefits can be deposited electronically into your account. If you are applying for Supplemental ... Financial records, such as payroll slips, bank books, insurance ...

463

31 CFR 1023.410 - Additional records to be made and retained by brokers or dealers in securities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Continued) FINANCIAL CRIMES ENFORCEMENT NETWORK, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY RULES...shall secure and maintain a record of the social security number of an individual...applied for a taxpayer identification or social security number on Form SS-4 or...

2013-07-01

464

Practical School Security: Basic Guidelines for Safe and Secure Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is written primarily for elementary and secondary school administrators and teachers, but college faculty involved in providing teacher or administrator education would also benefit from the practical approach to issues of school security. Chapters 1 through 3 establish a framework for dealing with the myths and realities of school

Trump, Kenneth S.

465

49 CFR 1548.7 - Approval, amendment, annual renewal, and withdrawal of approval of the security program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...renewal, and withdrawal of approval of the security program. 1548.7 Section 1548.7...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY INDIRECT...

2013-10-01

466

49 CFR 1546.213 - Access to cargo: Security threat assessments for cargo personnel in the United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Access to cargo: Security threat assessments for cargo personnel in...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY FOREIGN AIR...

2013-10-01

467

Identity security awareness.  

PubMed

Identity theft is an increasing concern when organizations, businesses, and even childbirth educators ask for a client's Social Security number for identification purposes. In this column, the author suggests ways to protect one's identity and, more importantly, decrease the opportunities for identity theft. PMID:17273374

Philipsen, Nayna C

2004-01-01

468

Making Technology Work for Campus Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The challenges associated with securing schools from both on- and off-campus threats create constant pressure for law enforcement, campus security professionals, and administrators. And while security technology choices are plentiful, many colleges and universities are operating with limited dollars and information needed to select and integrate

Floreno, Jeff; Keil, Brad

2010-01-01

469

Comparison of the proportion of patients potentially treated with an anti-osteoporotic drug using the current criteria of the Belgian national social security and the new suggested FRAX criteria.  

PubMed

To assess the number of anti-osteoporosis treatments that would be reimbursed by the Belgian social security if either FRAX or the current criteria were used to determine access to reimbursement. This is a retrospective study based on data from 1,000 women randomly selected from an outpatient hospital specialized in bone metabolism in Belgium. Proportions of potentially refunded treatments between FRAX and current criteria were compared. Out of the 1,000 women files, 890 have sufficient information to assess FRAX. In Belgium, current criteria include a bone mineral density (BMD) T score below -2.5 at the lumbar spine, the femoral neck or the total hip and/or at least a prevalent vertebral fracture. Using these criteria, 167 women (18.8 %) would have access to reimbursement. Using the criteria based on the validated Belgian FRAX tool, only 116 women (13.0 %) would have access to reimbursement, meaning that access to reimbursement based on FRAX criteria would reduce by 30 % the anti-osteoporosis drug expenses covered by the national social security. Interestingly, only 65 women out of the 116 (56.0 %) selected with the FRAX criteria were also selected with the current criteria of the national social security. A substantial proportion of individuals that would potentially receive a reimbursement for their treatment using the FRAX criteria do not have access to any refund for their treatment with the current criteria. Since patients identified with the FRAX tool are those with the highest risk profile for future fractures, reappraisals of treatment reimbursement guidelines are expected in Belgium. PMID:22842952

Bruyre, O; Fossi, M; Zegels, B; Leonori, L; Hiligsmann, M; Neuprez, A; Reginster, J-Y

2013-04-01

470

Draft: SOCW6371-001: Community and Administrative Practice Council on Social Work Education (CSWE), Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards (EPAS), Statement on Requirements of the Content Area  

Microsoft Academic Search

4.5 Social Work Practice: Social work practice content is anchored in the purposes of the social work profession and focuses on strengths, capacities, and resources of client systems in relation to their broader environments. Students learn practice content that encompasses knowledge and skills to work with individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities. This content includes engaging clients in an appropriate

UT Arlington

471

Early Social Isolation in Male Long-Evans Rats Alters Both Appetitive and Consummatory Behaviors Expressed During Operant Ethanol Self-Administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Postweaning social isolation in rats produces profound and long-lasting cognitive and behavioral deficits in adult animals. Importantly, this housing manipulation alters sensitivity to a number of drugs of abuse including ethanol. However, most studies with ethanol have utilized continuous or limited home-cage access to examine interactions between juvenile social experience and drinking. More recently, social isolation was shown to

Brian A. McCool; Ann M. Chappell

2009-01-01

472

Security Council Addresses AIDS in Africa  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On Monday, Vice President Al Gore opened the first UN Security Council of the new century with the announcement of US intentions to focus the council's agenda for the next week on the AIDS epidemic in Africa. Part of a larger focus on Africa in general for the month-long tenure of the US chairship, this announcement marks the first time the Security Council has taken up a major world health crisis. Usually, such an issue is handled by the World Health Organization with the Security Council restricting itself to matters of international relations and politics. Ambassador Richard Holbrooke justifies such a departure from tradition by pointing out that last year the AIDS epidemic killed ten times as many as armed conflict in Africa (2,000,000 deaths from AIDS vs. 200,000 deaths in combat). In several African nations, one in four individuals are infected. In addition, 10,000,000 children have been orphaned by the epidemic on a continent where social support systems are often inadequate; and in some cities, as many as 40 percent of all adults have HIV. The administration hopes that such a bold move will help bring renewed attention to the crisis and break down the taboo against acknowledging a disease that Peter Piot, the director of UNAIDS, believes has the "potential to destabilize the whole continent."

Charbonneau, David D.

473

Social Web mining and exploitation for serious applications: Technosocial Predictive Analytics and related technologies for public health, environmental and national security surveillance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores Technosocial Predictive Analytics (TPA) and related methods for Web data mining where users posts and queries are garnered from Social Web (Web 2.0) tools such as blogs, micro-blogging and social networking sites to form coherent representations of real-time health events. The paper includes a brief introduction to commonly used Social Web tools such as mashups and aggregators,

Maged N. Kamel Boulos; Antonio P. Sanfilippo; Courtney D. Corley; Steve Wheeler

2010-01-01

474

Secure PVM.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research investigates techniques for providing privacy, authentication, and data integrity to PVM (Parallel Virtual Machine). PVM is extended to provide secure message passing with no changes to the user's PVM application, or, optionally, security ca...

T. H. Dunigan N. Venugopal

1996-01-01

475

Securing decent work and living conditions in low-income urban settlements by linking social protection and local development: A review of case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A majority of people now live in cities. Countries need to accommodate such a rapidly growing urban population, which is often living and working informally, and which is lacking access to decent working and living conditions. By integrating economic promotion policies with social protection instruments public policies not only mitigate the effects of social risks on poverty, particularly in low-income

Luis Frota

2008-01-01

476

Securing decent work and living conditions in low-income urban settlements by linking social protection and local development: A review of case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A majority of people now live in cities. Countries need to accommodate such a rapidly growing urban population, which is often living and working informally, and which is lacking access to decent working and living conditions. By integrating economic promotion policies with social protection instruments public policies not only mitigate the effects of social risks on poverty, particularly in low-income

Luis Frota

2007-01-01

477

School Security Handbook: "Get a Handle on a Vandal."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guidelines for developing a security system that promotes safe and vandal-free schools are offered to administrators in this handbook. Areas covered are: (1) a security checklist; (2) identification of security needs and development of an action plan; (3) a school incident reporting system; (4) comparison of a secure and a nonsecure school; (5)

Scrimger, Glen C.; Elder, Rory

478

Implementation and effectiveness of organizational information security measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to study the implementation of organizational information security measures and assess the effectiveness of such measures. Design\\/methodology\\/approach - A survey was designed and data were collected from information security managers in a selection of Norwegian organizations. Findings - Technical-administrative security measures such as security policies, procedures and methods are the most commonly

Janne Merete Hagen; Eirik Albrechtsen; Jan Hovden

2008-01-01

479

Software Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software security is the idea of engineering software so that it continues to function correctly under malicious attack. Most technologists acknowledge this undertaking's importance, but they need some help in understanding how to tackle it. The article aims to provide that help by exploring software security best practices. A central and critical aspect of the computer security problem is a

Gary Mcgraw

2004-01-01

480

Security Locks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to a 2008 "Year in Review" report by Educational Security Incidents, an online repository that collects data on higher education security issues, the total number of security incidents reported at universities and colleges worldwide rose to 173 in 2008, a 24.5 percent increase over 2007. The number of institutions affected--perhaps the

Hart, Kevin

2010-01-01

481

75 FR 57102 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting; Correction AGENCY: Social Security Administration...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social Security...

2010-09-17

482

75 FR 55625 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY: Social Security Administration...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social Security...

2010-09-13

483

76 FR 40768 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY: Social Security Administration...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social Security...

2011-07-11

484

76 FR 70804 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY: Social Security Administration...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social Security...

2011-11-15

485

77 FR 13172 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY: Social Security Administration...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social Security...

2012-03-05

486

76 FR 53993 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY: Social Security Administration...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social Security...

2011-08-30

487

77 FR 30044 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting AGENCY: Social Security Administration...Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel, Social Security...

2012-05-21

488

49 CFR 1511.7 - Remittance of Aviation Security Infrastructure Fees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Remittance of Aviation Security Infrastructure Fees. 1511...ADMINISTRATIVE AND PROCEDURAL RULES AVIATION SECURITY INFRASTRUCTURE FEE § 1511.7 Remittance of Aviation Security Infrastructure Fees....

2013-10-01

489

49 CFR 1511.5 - Imposition of Aviation Security Infrastructure Fees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Imposition of Aviation Security Infrastructure Fees. 1511...ADMINISTRATIVE AND PROCEDURAL RULES AVIATION SECURITY INFRASTRUCTURE FEE § 1511.5 Imposition of Aviation Security Infrastructure Fees....

2013-10-01

490

42 CFR 73.7 - Registration and related security risk assessments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Registration and related security risk assessments. 73.7 Section 73.7...Registration and related security risk assessments. (a) Unless exempted...Administrator based on a security risk assessment by the Attorney General:...

2013-10-01

491

49 CFR 1572.21 - Procedures for TWIC security threat assessment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Procedures for TWIC security threat assessment. 1572.21 Section...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MARITIME AND LAND TRANSPORTATION...

2013-10-01

492

49 CFR 1572.15 - Procedures for HME security threat assessment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Procedures for HME security threat assessment. 1572.15 Section...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MARITIME AND LAND TRANSPORTATION...

2013-10-01

493

Security for Telecommuting and Broadband Communications: Recommendations of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document is intended to assist those responsible - users, system administrators, and management - for telecommuting security, by providing introductory information about broadband communication security and policy, security of home office systems, an...

D. R. Kuhn M. C. Tracy S. E. Frankel

2002-01-01

494

Homeland Security Airport Security Model.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This model provides a framework for helping to understand and analyze the airport security problem. By modeling the security process, and identifying the weak points, we were able to make recommendations for possible Federal initiatives through legislativ...

N. F. Schneidewind

2006-01-01

495

76 FR 11307 - Small Business Information Security Task Force  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...meeting minutes for the Small Business Information Security Task...third meeting of the Small Business Information Security Task...of the CIO, U.S. Small Business Administration, Rusty.Pickens@sba.gov. Paul T. Christy,...

2011-03-01

496

49 CFR 176.4 - Port security and safety regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Port security and safety regulations. 176.4 Section...PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... General § 176.4 Port security and safety regulations. (a)...

2013-10-01

497

14 CFR 1203a.103 - Access to security areas.  

...Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION NASA SECURITY AREAS 1203a.103 Access to security areas. (a) Only those NASA employees, NASA contractor employees, and visitors who have a need for such...

2014-01-01

498

29 CFR 2580.412-3 - Plan administrators, officers and employees for purposes of section 13.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...EMPLOYEE BENEFITS SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT OF 1974...plan or the collective bargaining agreement with responsibility...a plan or collective bargaining agreement as...such as securities,...

2013-07-01

499

42 CFR 406.11 - Individual age 65 or over who is not eligible as a social security or railroad retirement...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and subversive action under chapter 37, 105, or 115 of title 18 of the United States Code; (2) Has been convicted of conspiracy to establish a dictatorship under section 4 of the Internal Security Act of 1950; (3) On February 16, 1965, was...

2013-10-01

500

Validity Evidence for the Security Scale as a Measure of Perceived Attachment Security in Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the validity of a self-report measure of children's perceived attachment security (the Kerns Security Scale) was tested using adolescents. With regards to predictive validity, the Security Scale was significantly associated with (1) observed mother-adolescent interactions during conflict and (2) parent- and teacher-rated social

Van Ryzin, Mark J.; Leve, Leslie D.

2012-01-01