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1

Social Security Administration  

MedlinePLUS

You are exiting the Social Security Administration's website. Select OK to proceed. Disclaimer The Social Security Administration (SSA) website contains links to websites not affiliated with the United States ...

2

SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Application for a Social Security Card  

E-print Network

SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Application for a Social Security Card Applying for a Social and evidence to any Social Security office. Follow instructions below. HOW TO COMPLETE THE APPLICATION Most agency explaining why you need a Social Security number and that you meet all the requirements

Li, Mo

3

Social Security Administration: Additional Actions Needed to Prevent Improper Benefit Payments Under Social Security Protection Act.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Continued high levels of unauthorized immigrant workers in the United States have fostered concerns about whether they should be eligible for Social Security benefits. Until recently, the Social Security Administration (SSA) allowed noncitizens to collect...

2006-01-01

4

Social Security Statements: Social Security Administration Should Better Evaluate Whether Workers Understand Their Statements.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Social Security Statement is the federal government's main document for communicating with more than 140 million workers about their Social Security benefits. By law, the statement must show an individual's annual earnings, payments into Social Securi...

2005-01-01

5

20 CFR 423.3 - Other process directed to the Social Security Administration or the Commissioner.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01... Other process directed to the Social Security Administration or the Commissioner... Section 423.3 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SERVICE OF...

2010-04-01

6

20 CFR 423.1 - Suits against the Social Security Administration and its employees in their official capacities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...to the office in the Social Security Administration's Office...available on-line at the Social Security Administration's Internet site, http://www.socialsecurity...served by mail on the Social Security Administration or the...

2012-04-01

7

20 CFR 404.455 - Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and estimated earnings; effect...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...Nonpayments of Benefits § 404.455 Request by Social Security Administration...suspend payment of benefits for the current...Request by Social Security...

2010-04-01

8

20 CFR 422.501 - Applications and other forms used in Social Security Administration programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...422.501 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ORGANIZATION...public in applying for benefits under titles II and XVIII of the Social Security Act and the black lung benefits program (Part B,...

2010-04-01

9

20 CFR 404.455 - Request by Social Security Administration for reports of earnings and estimated earnings; effect...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...404.455 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Deductions; Reductions; and Nonpayments of Benefits § 404.455 Request by Social Security Administration for...

2011-04-01

10

20 CFR 404.452 - Reports to Social Security Administration of earnings; wages; net earnings from self-employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...404.452 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Deductions; Reductions; and Nonpayments of Benefits § 404.452 Reports to Social Security Administration of...

2011-04-01

11

77 FR 54943 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (Social Security Administration (SSA...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (Social Security Administration...Notice of a renewal of an existing computer matching program that will expire on...notice announces a renewal of an existing computer matching program that we are...

2012-09-06

12

77 FR 74913 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (Social Security Administration (SSA...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (Social Security Administration...Notice of a renewal of an existing computer matching program that will expire on...notice announces a renewal of an existing computer matching program that we are...

2012-12-18

13

77 FR 43639 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (Social Security Administration (SSA...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (Social Security Administration...Notice of a renewal of an existing computer matching program that expired on May...notice announces a renewal of an existing computer matching program that we are...

2012-07-25

14

Individual social security accounts: issues in assessing administrative feasibility and costs.  

PubMed

Whether to add individual accounts (IAs) to the Social Security system is a highly political issue. But almost lost in the debate so far have been any practical considerations about how to administer such accounts. Any discussion of whether to create individual accounts must also address the basic but critical questions of how they would work: Who would run them? What would they cost? Logistically, are they even possible? This EBRI Issue Brief provides an overview of the most salient administrative issues facing the current Social Security reform debate--issues that challenge proponents to carefully think through how their proposals could be implemented so as to achieve their policy goals. The options and difficulties in administering IAs raise concerns that cut across ideology. The object of this report is neither to dissuade the advocates nor support the critics of individual accounts. Rather, it is to bring practical considerations to a political debate that has largely ignored the pragmatic challenges of whether IAs would be too complex for participants to understand or too difficult for record keepers to administer. The major findings in this analysis include: Adding individual accounts to Social Security could be the largest undertaking in the history of the U.S. financial market, and no system to date has the capacity to administer such a system. The number of workers currently covered by Social Security--the largest single entitlement program in the nation--is at least four times higher than the combined number of all tax-favored employment-based retirement accounts in the United States, which are administered by hundreds of entities. Direct comparisons between employment-based retirement savings plans and Social Security reform are tenuous at best. Social Security covers workers and businesses that are disproportionately excluded from employment-based plans. Because of these differences, a system of individual Social Security accounts would be more difficult to administer than employment-based plans, and total administrative expenses would be larger relative to benefits. Credit-based systems such as the current Social Security program are less difficult to administer than cash-based systems, which must account for every dollar. Inherent in the "privatization" debate is generally the presumption that IA benefits would be based on cash contributions and investment returns. The current credit-based system tolerates small errors in wage reporting, because they rarely affect benefits. But every dollar counts in a cash-based IA system. To ensure that benefits are properly provided, an IA system would require more regulation, oversight, and error reconciliation than the current Social Security program. Social Security individual accounts cannot be administered like 401(k) plans without adding significant employer burdens--especially on small businesses. Under the current wage reporting and tax collection process, it would take at least 7-19 months for every dollar contributed to an individual's account to be sorted out from aggregate payments and credited to his or her IA. This 7-19 month "float period" could result in substantial benefit losses over time. Options for preventing such losses involve difficult trade-offs, such as increased government responsibility, increased complexity, greater employer burdens, and/or investment restrictions for beneficiaries. If legally considered personal property, the IAs of married participants could pose significant administrative challenges. Social Security today must obtain proof of marriage only at the time spousal benefits are claimed. But some IA proposals would require contributions to be split between spouses' individual accounts, requiring records on participants' marital status to be continuously update to ensure that contributions are correctly directed. Also, dealing with claims on individual account contributions in divorce cases could place IA record keepers in the middle o PMID:10345790

Olsen, K A; Salisbury, D L

1998-11-01

15

Transportation Security Administration  

MedlinePLUS

... International Airport TSA Pre?™ begins at Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport Latest News Administrator speaks at ICAO Symposium on Innovation in Aviation Security TSA officers support honor flight ...

16

20 CFR 404.1362 - Treatment of social security benefits or payments where Veterans Administration pension or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Treatment of social security benefits or payments where Veterans...Other Benefits on Payment of Social Security Benefits and Payments § 404.1362 Treatment of social security benefits or payments where...

2010-04-01

17

Development of a Computer-Adaptive Physical Function Instrument for Social Security Administration Disability Determination  

PubMed Central

Objectives To develop and test an instrument to assess physical function (PF) for Social Security Administration (SSA) disability programs, the SSA-PF. Item Response Theory (IRT) analyses were used to 1) create a calibrated item bank for each of the factors identified in prior factor analyses, 2) assess the fit of the items within each scale, 3) develop separate Computer-Adaptive Test (CAT) instruments for each scale, and 4) conduct initial psychometric testing. Design Cross-sectional data collection; IRT analyses; CAT simulation. Setting Telephone and internet survey. Participants Two samples: 1,017 SSA claimants, and 999 adults from the US general population. Interventions None. Main Outcome Measure Model fit statistics, correlation and reliability coefficients, Results IRT analyses resulted in five unidimensional SSA-PF scales: Changing & Maintaining Body Position, Whole Body Mobility, Upper Body Function, Upper Extremity Fine Motor, and Wheelchair Mobility for a total of 102 items. High CAT accuracy was demonstrated by strong correlations between simulated CAT scores and those from the full item banks. Comparing the simulated CATs to the full item banks, very little loss of reliability or precision was noted, except at the lower and upper ranges of each scale. No difference in response patterns by age or sex was noted. The distributions of claimant scores were shifted to the lower end of each scale compared to those of a sample of US adults. Conclusions The SSA-PF instrument contributes important new methodology for measuring the physical function of adults applying to the SSA disability programs. Initial evaluation revealed that the SSA-PF instrument achieved considerable breadth of coverage in each content domain and demonstrated noteworthy psychometric properties. PMID:23578594

Ni, Pengsheng; McDonough, Christine M.; Jette, Alan M.; Bogusz, Kara; Marfeo, Elizabeth E.; Rasch, Elizabeth K.; Brandt, Diane E.; Meterko, Mark; Chan, Leighton

2014-01-01

18

Identifying a cohort of US twins using Social Security Administration records.  

PubMed

A sample of pairs of twins who were born in the United States in 1919 and survived to adulthood is identified through an innovative and large-scale application of the methodology of probabilistic linkage. The social security program began in the United States in November 1936, and the file of applicants for a social security number - which was used in this study - is the closest thing in the United States to a population register. The study results are very satisfactory, and demonstrate the superiority of probabilistic linkage to exact linkage. We estimate that about 33,000 twin pairs were born in the United States in 1919 and about 19,000 survived to age 17. Since the social security number was not then, at the inception of the program, the universal identifier that it is today, the number of enumerated twin pairs is somewhat less. Nonetheless, over 16,000 twin pairs can be identified by the method of probabilistic linkage. By comparison, only about half as many can be identified by straightforward exact linkage. PMID:15169598

Kestenbaum, Bert

2004-04-01

19

Mortality Measurement at Advanced Ages: A Study of the Social Security Administration Death Master File  

PubMed Central

Accurate estimates of mortality at advanced ages are essential to improving forecasts of mortality and the population size of the oldest old age group. However, estimation of hazard rates at extremely old ages poses serious challenges to researchers: (1) The observed mortality deceleration may be at least partially an artifact of mixing different birth cohorts with different mortality (heterogeneity effect); (2) standard assumptions of hazard rate estimates may be invalid when risk of death is extremely high at old ages and (3) ages of very old people may be exaggerated. One way of obtaining estimates of mortality at extreme ages is to pool together international records of persons surviving to extreme ages with subsequent efforts of strict age validation. This approach helps researchers to resolve the third of the above-mentioned problems but does not resolve the first two problems because of inevitable data heterogeneity when data for people belonging to different birth cohorts and countries are pooled together. In this paper we propose an alternative approach, which gives an opportunity to resolve the first two problems by compiling data for more homogeneous single-year birth cohorts with hazard rates measured at narrow (monthly) age intervals. Possible ways of resolving the third problem of hazard rate estimation are elaborated. This approach is based on data from the Social Security Administration Death Master File (DMF). Some birth cohorts covered by DMF could be studied by the method of extinct generations. Availability of month of birth and month of death information provides a unique opportunity to obtain hazard rate estimates for every month of age. Study of several single-year extinct birth cohorts shows that mortality trajectory at advanced ages follows the Gompertz law up to the ages 102–105 years without a noticeable deceleration. Earlier reports of mortality deceleration (deviation of mortality from the Gompertz law) at ages below 100 appear to be artifacts of mixing together several birth cohorts with different mortality levels and using cross-sectional instead of cohort data. Age exaggeration and crude assumptions applied to mortality estimates at advanced ages may also contribute to mortality underestimation at very advanced ages. PMID:22308064

Gavrilov, Leonid A.; Gavrilova, Natalia S.

2011-01-01

20

Social Networking? Secure Networking?  

E-print Network

Social Networking? Secure Networking? Teaching & Learning Technology Roundtable February 2010 #12;Intended Outcomes 1. A shared understanding of: ­ What it means to socialize in a professional environment ­ The intent behind the current security measures in place at OHSU ­ The OHSU Social Networking Guidelines 2

Chapman, Michael S.

21

78 FR 56266 - Consent Based Social Security Number Verification (CBSV) Service  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service and Operations Support, Social Security Administration, 6401 Security Boulevard, Baltimore, MD 21235-6401...information about the CBSV service, visit our Internet site, Social Security Online, at:...

2013-09-12

22

76 FR 60112 - Consent Based Social Security Number Verification (CBSV) Service  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service and Operations Support, Social Security Administration, 6401 Security Boulevard, Baltimore, MD 21235-6401...information about the CBSV service, visit our Internet site, Social Security Online, at...

2011-09-28

23

Overcoming Gridlock: Campbell After a Quarter-Century and Bureaucratically Rational Gap-Filling in Mass Justice Adjudication in the Social Security Administration's Disability Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Social Security Administration’s (SSA’s) disability benefit programs utilize the largest adjudicative system in the western world. Yale Law Professor Jerry Mashaw’s two comprehensive studies of the SSA’s processes yielded a theory of bureaucratic rationality to advance accuracy, consistency, and baseline fairness through hierarchical adherence to centrally-formulated rules in “mass justice” SSA adjudication. SSA adopted its “grid” regulations in furtherance

Jon C. Dubin

2010-01-01

24

20 CFR 410.706 - Effect of the Social Security Administration determination of entitlement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, TITLE IV-BLACK LUNG BENEFITS (1969- ) Rules for the Review of Denied and Pending Claims Under the Black Lung Benefits Reform Act (BLBRA) of 1977 § 410.706 Effect of...

2010-04-01

25

Suggestions for Social Security Disability Applicants  

MedlinePLUS

... and specialty. How much will an attorney cost? Fee Agreement Before the attorney can charge you for ... and your attorney must sign and file a fee agreement with the Social Security Administration. Your attorney ...

26

76 FR 68243 - Social Security Rulings, SSR 91-1c and SSR 66-18c; Rescission of Social Security Rulings (SSR) 66...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Office of Income Security Programs, Social Security Administration, 6401 Security Boulevard, Baltimore, MD 21235-6401...TTY 1-(800) 325-0778, or visit our Internet site, Social Security Online, at...

2011-11-03

27

Racism and social security  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines some of the main ways in which racism operates through the social security system in Britain, in particular at the connection between entitlement to benefit and immigration control and at the failure of the system to meet specific problems faced by black claim ants. It looks also at the implications for black people of the recent govern

Paul Gordon

1986-01-01

28

Social Security & You.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of materials for high school students explains the Social Security system. It consists of five lessons and an overview lesson that may be taught separately. To support the lessons, a videotape, fact sheets, student handouts, and quizzes are included. Handouts are in large print and are suitable for use as black line masters for…

Social Security Administration (DHHS), Washington, DC.

29

20 CFR 422.104 - Who can be assigned a social security number.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...you to have a social security number in order...Federally-funded benefit to which you...you to have a social security number in order...public assistance benefits to which...

2010-04-01

30

Social security financing.  

PubMed

After nearly 2 years of study, the 1979 Advisory Council on Social Security submitted its findings and recommendations in December. In February the Bulletin published the Executive Summary of the Council's report. Because of the continuing wide public interest in the future of social security financing, the Council's detailed findings and recommendations on that subject are published below. The Council unanimously reports that all current and future beneficiaries can count on receiving the payments to which they are entitled. Among the recommendations it calls for are partial financing with nonpayroll-tax revenues. Suggested changes include hospital insurance (HI) financed through portins of personal and corporate income taxes and a part of the HI insurance payroll tax diverted to cash benefits with the balance of this tax repealed. The Council also recommends that the social security cash benefits program be brought into long-run actuarial balance--with a payroll-tax rate increase in the year 2005. It rejects the idea of a value-added tax as being inflationary. Parenthetical remarks represent additional views of the Council members cited. PMID:7423348

1980-05-01

31

Administering social security: challenges yesterday and today.  

PubMed

In 2010, the Social Security Administration (SSA) celebrates the 75th anniversary of the passage of the Social Security Act. In those 75 years, SSA has been responsible for programs providing unemployment insurance, child welfare, and supervision of credit unions, among other duties. This article focuses on the administration of the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance program, although it also covers some of the other major programs SSA has been tasked with administering over the years-in particular, Medicare, Black Lung benefits, and Supplemental Security Income. The article depicts some of the challenges that have accompanied administering these programs and the steps that SSA has taken to meet those challenges. Whether implementing complex legislation in short timeframes or coping with natural disasters, SSA has found innovative ways to overcome problems and has evolved to meet society's changing needs. PMID:20737858

Puckett, Carolyn

2010-01-01

32

SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBERS In order to be eligible for a Social Security Number (SSN) you will need to present evidence of work authorization  

E-print Network

to present evidence of work authorization to an official at a local Social Security Administration (SSASOCIAL SECURITY NUMBERS In order to be eligible for a Social Security Number (SSN) you will need to apply for a Social Security Number on line or via an agency. You must have a personal interview

Heller, Eric

33

20 CFR 404.469 - Nonpayment of benefits where individual has not furnished or applied for a Social Security number.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Nonpayment of benefits where individual...applied for a Social Security number. 404... Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION...applied for a Social Security number. No monthly benefits will be...

2010-04-01

34

20 CFR 404.1406 - Eligibility to railroad retirement benefits as a bar to payment of social security benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...benefits as a bar to payment of social security benefits. 404.1406 Section 404.1406 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL...benefits as a bar to payment of social security benefits....

2010-04-01

35

20 CFR 404.1407 - When railroad retirement benefits do not bar payment of social security benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...benefits do not bar payment of social security benefits. 404.1407 Section 404.1407 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL...benefits do not bar payment of social security benefits. The provisions...

2010-04-01

36

Educating future social work administrators  

E-print Network

Healey explore the climate of the academic community in which future social work administrators are educated. They look closely at the tensions surrounding the preparation of administrators in an educational environment primarily concerned... with the preparation of clinicians. In addition to the broad concern about the organizational climates of schools of social work, there are multiple curriculum isues facing faculty who teach students of administration. Some focus on the role of theory for practice...

Ezell, Mark; Austin, M. J.

2004-01-01

37

14 CFR 1212.604 - Social security numbers.  

...AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION PRIVACY ACT-NASA REGULATIONS Instructions for NASA Employees § 1212.604 Social security numbers. (a) It is unlawful for NASA to deny to individuals any rights,...

2014-01-01

38

76 FR 2142 - Employee Benefits Security Administration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Department of Labor, 200 Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20210. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Fred Wong or Luisa Grillo-Chope, Office of Regulations and Interpretations, Employee Benefits Security Administration, U.S. Department of...

2011-01-12

39

76 FR 65558 - Rescission of Social Security Ruling 97-2p  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Office of Regulations, Social Security Administration, 6401...eligibility or filing for benefits, call our national...our Internet site, Social Security Online, at http...and special veterans benefits programs. SSRs...

2011-10-21

40

Predicting Social Security numbers from public data  

PubMed Central

Information about an individual's place and date of birth can be exploited to predict his or her Social Security number (SSN). Using only publicly available information, we observed a correlation between individuals' SSNs and their birth data and found that for younger cohorts the correlation allows statistical inference of private SSNs. The inferences are made possible by the public availability of the Social Security Administration's Death Master File and the widespread accessibility of personal information from multiple sources, such as data brokers or profiles on social networking sites. Our results highlight the unexpected privacy consequences of the complex interactions among multiple data sources in modern information economies and quantify privacy risks associated with information revelation in public forums. PMID:19581585

Acquisti, Alessandro; Gross, Ralph

2009-01-01

41

24 CFR 330.50 - Administration of multiclass securities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Administration of multiclass securities. 330.50 Section 330...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GUARANTY OF MULTICLASS SECURITIES § 330.50 Administration of multiclass securities. The GNMA...

2010-04-01

42

Mental Retardation: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Social Security Administration (SSA) provides income support and medical benefits for adults with mental retardation unable to perform substantial gainful activity through the Disability Insurance (DI) program and the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program. SSI benefits are also provided to families of children and adolescents who evidence…

Reschly, Daniel J., Ed.; Myers, Tracy G., Ed.; Hartel, Christine R., Ed.

43

SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER AND NAME VERIFICATION  

E-print Network

SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER AND NAME VERIFICATION Academic Year 2014­2015 *FA552-A* Please recycle. DIRECTIONS--You must verify your name and Social Security number for processing of your 2014­2015 Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) to continue. Please attach a legible copy of your Social Security

Amin, S. Massoud

44

SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER AND NAME VERIFICATION  

E-print Network

SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER AND NAME VERIFICATION Academic Year 2013­2014 *FA552-A* Please recycle. DIRECTIONS--You must verify your name and Social Security number for processing of your 2013­2014 Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) to continue. Please attach a legible copy of your Social Security

Amin, S. Massoud

45

Income Security Programmes and the Philosophy of Social Security Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social security programmes may be divided into two broad groups of pro grammes, those concerned with income security and those concerned with op portunity security. Income security programmes may be further divided into positive transfer programmes, where there is a cash flow from the government to the individual, and negative transfer programmes, which are a component of the taxation system.

C. P. Harris

1977-01-01

46

Social security and demographic shocks.  

PubMed

This paper examines the sharing of risks between generations in the framework of an overlapping generations model of social security with shocks to the productivity of labor and capital and demographic shocks. The study focused on stationary long run allocations. The concept of interim optimality was utilized, which amounts to standard Pareto optimality once the state of the world in which the agents are born is known. The set of interim optimal allocations was characterized and the equilibria associated with various institutional forms of social security from the point of view of the optimal criterion were also studied. In addition, the analogs of two traditional welfare theorems of microeconomic theory were obtained. PMID:12295295

Demange, G; Laroque, G

1999-05-01

47

Social Security and Medicare Tax Liability An exemption from social security and Medicare taxes applies  

E-print Network

Social Security and Medicare Tax Liability An exemption from social security and Medicare taxes as they remain nonresidents for federal income tax purposes. The exemption also applies to any period in which. Such persons are exempt from social security and Medicare taxes as long as they remain nonresident aliens

Chen, Tsuhan

48

Bush Plan Takes Security Out of Social Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social workers understand that assessing the implications of a policy for individual citizens like Veronica, a 51 year-old African American woman whose retirement will be jeopardized by President Bush's plan for social security, is often a good yardstick by which to measure the impact of a change. Moreover, social workers understand that policy…

Marsh, Jeanne C.

2005-01-01

49

Social Security Data: An Aid to Manpower Program Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report examines the potential of Social Security Administration data for manpower training evaluation. It assesses the utility of SSA data for comparing the economic gains of on-the-job training and institutional trainees before and after training. The methodology developed incorporates multiple correlation analysis, analysis of variance, and…

Commins, William D.

50

Misuse of Occupational Information in Social Security Disability Cases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the Dictionary of Occupational Titles and its supplements in relation to their use by the Social Security Administration in determining eligibility for disability benefits. Found that, in the Chicago metropolitan area, few positions of sedentary, unskilled, self-contained jobs existed and that current availability of those positions was…

Bose, Julie L.; And Others

1986-01-01

51

42 CFR 408.43 - Deduction from social security benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Deduction from social security benefits. 408.43 Section 408...408.43 Deduction from social security benefits. SSA, acting as CMS's...premiums from the monthly social security benefits if the enrollee is not...

2010-10-01

52

42 CFR 403.812 - HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards, and national identifiers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards, and national identifiers... HIPAA privacy, security, administrative data standards, and national identifiers...Secretary. (c) Security requirements —(1) Standard. An...

2010-10-01

53

Simulated Social Control for Secure Internet Commerce  

E-print Network

Simulated Social Control for Secure Internet Commerce position paper Lars Rasmusson Sverker them more robust than hard security mechanisms such as passwords, who reveal everything mechanisms are discussed. 1 Introduction Internet is going through major changes. It is shifted from being

Janson, Sverker

54

Time-Inconsistent Preferences And Social Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine the role of social security in an economy populated by overlapping generations of individuals with time-inconsistent preferences who face mortality risk, individual income risk, and borrowing constraints. We find that unfunded social security lowers the capital stock, output, and consumption for consumers with time-consistent or time-inconsistent preferences. However, it may raise or lower welfare depending

Ayse Imrohoroglu; Selahattin Imrohoroglu; Douglas H. Joines

2003-01-01

55

The Social Security Earnings Test Removal. Money Saved or Money Spent by the Trust Fund?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beneficiaries of Social Security face restrictions on how much they can earn without incurring the earnings test (ET). In 2000, President Clinton eliminated the ET between age 65 and 70. In this paper I evaluate how this removal impacts the long-term finances of the Trust Fund. I find that starting in 2006 the Social Security Administration is actually saving money

Giovanni Mastrobuoni

2006-01-01

56

The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS): What's in it for Social Security?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the implications of the World Trade Organization's General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) for social security. It examines what bearing the GATS has, or will have, on social security policy and administration and what the effects might be. These questions are explored through a review of legal, political and policy issues relating to the status of

Nicola Yeates

2005-01-01

57

20 CFR 404.408b - Reduction of retroactive monthly social security benefits where supplemental security income (SSI...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Reduction of retroactive monthly social security benefits where supplemental security...Reduction of retroactive monthly social security benefits where supplemental security...reduce your retroactive social security benefits if— (1) You are...

2010-04-01

58

Prefunding Social Security Benefits to Achieve Intergenerational Fairness: Can It Be Done in the Social Security Trust Fund.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Being fair to future generations requires that Social Security be reformed in a manner that prefunds a significant share of future Social Security benefit payments. All serious reform plans have this property. Prefunding is done exclusively in the Social ...

R. P. Mariger

2008-01-01

59

Retirement and Social Security. National Issues Forum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social security system in the United States is becoming increasingly unstable, as the amount of benefits paid to an ever larger number of retirees grows and the number of younger workers paying taxes to the system decreases. The problem will become especially acute in the years 2011 and after, as the members of the "baby boom" generation begin…

Cohen, Richard; And Others

60

Social Security Benefits for Students. Background Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the fiscal year 1976, outlays for social security student benefits made it the second largest federal program for direct aid to students (second to the Veterans' Readjustment Benefits). Benefits paid on account of a dependent child normally end on a child's eighteenth birthday; but 1965 legislation extended coverage to 18-to-21-year-old…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Congressional Budget Office.

61

Social security and trust fund management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate why and to what extent the government should have a social security trust fund, and how it should manage the fund in the face of demographic shocks, based on a simple overlapping-generations model. We show that, given an aging population, a trust fund in some form could achieve the (modified) golden rule or to offset

Takashi Oshio

2004-01-01

62

Social Security's Treatment of Postwar Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social Security faces a major long-term funding crisis. A 38 or greater percentage increase in the systems' tax rate is needed to meet current benefit payments on an ongoing basis. Tax increases of this magnitude or comparable benefit cuts would significantly worsen what is already a very bad deal for postwar Americans. This paper uses CORSIM -- a dynamic micro

Steven Caldwell; Melissa Favreault; Alla Gantman; Jagadeesh Gokhale; Thomas Johnson

1998-01-01

63

Vietnam: expanding the social security system.  

PubMed

Viet Nam's shift toward a market-oriented economy has been associated with annual gross domestic product growth of more than 8% over the past 5 years. At the same time, the emergence of private-sector enterprises and subsequent closure of many state-run enterprises have had profound implications for Viet Nam's social protection systems. At present, only 5.6 million of the country's 33 million workers are covered under the state-run social insurance system. In 1995, the government moved to include private enterprises with 10 or more employees in its state benefits system. The International Labor Organization (ILO) has been working with the Vietnamese Government to design and implement a social security system that would extend coverage progressively to excluded sectors and provide support to workers who have become unemployed as a result of the economic transition process. At its Eighth National Congress, the Vietnamese Communist Party approved a 5-year social and economic plan calling for such an expansion of the social insurance system as well as for a guaranteed standard of living for pensioners. To facilitate anticipated changes, activities that were previously divided between the Ministry of Labor, Invalids, and Social Affairs and the Vietnam General Confederation of Labor have been assigned to the newly formed Vietnam Social Insurance (VSI) Organization. Under consideration is a plan to combine some VSI activities with those of the Vietnam Health Insurance Organization. The ILO will assist with training, computerization, and social security fund investing. Noncompliance is a major obstacle to planned expansion of the social security system; about 90% of private firms are still not paying into the system. PMID:12320521

Pruzin, D

1996-01-01

64

Social Security privatization in Latin America.  

PubMed

The new, partially privatized social security system adopted by Chile in 1981 has attracted attention in many parts of the world. Since then, a number of Latin American countries have implemented the Chilean model, with some variations: either with a single- or multi-tier system, or with a period of transition to take care of those in the labor force at the time of the change. The single-tier version consists of a privatized program with individual accounts in pension fund management companies. Multi-tier systems have a privatized component and retain some form of public program. This article describes each of the new programs in Latin America, their background, and similarities and differences among them. Much more information is available for Chile than for the other countries (in part because Chile has the oldest system), enough to be able to evaluate what, in most cases, is the most accurate information. That is often not the case for the other countries, especially when dealing with subjects such as transition costs and net rates of return (rates of return minus administrative fees). No country has copied the Chilean system exactly. Bolivia, El Salvador, and Mexico have closed their public systems and set up mandatory individual accounts. Argentina has a mixed public/private system with three tiers. In Colombia and Peru, workers have a choice between the public and private programs. Uruguay created a two-tier mixed system. Costa Rica has a voluntary program for individual accounts as a supplement to the pay-as-you-go program and has just passed a law setting up mandatory accounts containing employer contributions for severance pay. All of the countries continue to face unresolved issues, including: High rates of noncompliance--the percentage of enrollees who do not actively and regularly contribute to their accounts--which could lead to low benefits and greater costs to the governments that offer a guaranteed minimum benefit; Proportionately lower benefits for women and lower earners than for men and higher earners; A minimum required rate of return among the pension fund management companies (in most of these countries) that has resulted in similarity among the companies and the consequent lack of meaningful choice; and High administrative fees in most of these countries, which reduce the individual's effective rate of return. To what extent these issues can be mitigated or resolved in the future is not yet clear. In general, a definitive assessment of the Chilean model and its Latin American variations will not be possible until a cohort of retirees has spent most of its career under the new system. PMID:11131978

Kritzer, B E

2000-01-01

65

7 CFR 273.6 - Social security numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... FOOD STAMP AND FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM...273.6 Social security numbers. (a...participation in the Food Stamp Program provide...agency with the social security number (SSN...regarding individual Food Stamp Program applicants...XVI of the Social Security Act to...

2010-01-01

66

42 CFR 435.910 - Use of social security number.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Applications § 435.910 Use of social security number. (a...services furnish each of his or her social security numbers (SSNs...objections, refuses to obtain a Social Security Number (SSN...division of the sect and for that reason is conscientiously opposed...

2010-10-01

67

The political economy of social security: a survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper surveys the literature on the political economy of social security. We review models that address the following questions: (i) Why do social security programs that transfer resources from young and middle-aged workers to the elderly exist? (ii) What are the economic and political interactions between social security systems and other redistributive programs of the welfare state? (iii) How

Vincenzo Galasso; Paola Profeta

2002-01-01

68

Blind processing: Securing data against system administrators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multi-owner systems such as power grid need information from all parties to operate efficiently. However, in general, information sharing is limited by market and other constraints. In addition, the emerging problem of demand side management in distribution systems as a part of ?smarter grid? efforts, secure communication and execution between the utilities and the customers is required to ensure the

Mehmet Hadi Gunes; Cansin Yaman Evrenosoglu

2010-01-01

69

20 CFR 435.47 - Contract administration.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Contract administration. 435.47 Section... SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE...INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, OTHER...47 Contract administration. A system...

2010-04-01

70

Aging, fertility, social security and political equilibrium  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the effect of population aging on the political choice of the size of a pay-as-you-go (PAYG) social security system,\\u000a incorporating the heterogeneity of individuals in their preference for having children, and hence the endogenous fertility\\u000a choices of individuals, into a simple overlapping generations model. We show that population aging may result in an increase\\u000a in the contribution rate,

Makoto Hirazawa; Koji Kitaura; Akira Yakita

2010-01-01

71

Managing Social Security Benefits to Avoid Future Impoverishment for At-Risk Populations in the U.S  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Social Security Administration (SSA) administers the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) Program in the United States. The amount of Social Security benefit is based on an individual worker's lifetime earnings and replaces approximately 40% of an average wage earner's income. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has determined that the U.S. poverty line in 2006 for

Morrine Tauheed

72

NNSA Administrator Addresses the Next Generation of Nuclear Security Professionals: Part 2  

ScienceCinema

Administrator Thomas DAgostino of the National Nuclear Security Administration addressed the next generation of nuclear security professionals during the opening session of todays 2009 Department of Energy (DOE) Computational Science Graduate Fellowship Annual Conference. Administrator DAgostino discussed NNSAs role in implementing President Obamas nuclear security agenda and encouraged the computing science fellows to consider careers in nuclear security.

Thomas D'Agostino

2010-09-01

73

Energy Relations in Russia: Administration, Politics and Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter analyses energy relations through a prism of three interlinked concepts: administration, politics and security. This triad describes the basic approaches to questions about technical, politicised and securitised energy. These three concepts are logically linked to one another and represent an elementary matrix; a prism through which…

Makarychev, Andrey

2005-01-01

74

Social Security and Elderly Living Arrangements--Evidence from Social Security Notch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social Security program has over the period become unsustainable from tax finance and imply reforms that would cut down on benefits of the elderly. The implications are that elderly may have to increase their post-retirement working, reduce consumption and opt for shared living rather than independent living conditions. The last of the three…

Engelhardt, Gary V.; Gruber, Jonathan; Perry, Cynthia D.

2005-01-01

75

Review of Social Security and Supplemental Security Income from a Federal Budget Perspective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis examines Supplemental Security Income (SSI) starting from its inception in 1972, and identifies and evaluates the major changes that have transformed it through its short lifetime. SSI originated in the Social Security Act of 1935, and was lat...

B. T. Prevo

2001-01-01

76

Correlation Analysis of Cultural Development and Social Security in Iran  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, politicians have paid more attention to planning methods considering environmental, economical, social and cultural potentials of place. According to general principles and experiences has been achieved by the developed countries, there is a direct link between social security and cultural development. Where the society and region is culturally more developed, social security level is higher and vice versa. Considering this leading point, this research aims to establish a rational correlation between the provinces of Iran considering cultural development ranking and social security levels using planning models and analysis. To reach this goal, different variables in various sectors such as physical, social, economical, etc. were classified leading to developmental indicators of the provinces in the related sectors. In addition to this, many variables concerning the social security levels in provinces such as homicide, robbery, suicide, etc. were also classified to identify the social security level in each province. According to the results, more culturally developed and wealthier provinces, like Tehran, Khorasan, Fars, have lower social security degree and less culturally developed provinces, like Sistan va Baloochestan, Kurdistan, Elam have higher social security level. In other words, the mentioned principle, the correlation between social security and cultural development, does not work in the same direction in Iranian context.

Habibi, K.; Alizadeh, H.; Meshkini, A.; Kohsari, M. J.

77

Two RFID-based solutions for secure inpatient medication administration.  

PubMed

Medication error can easily cause serious health damage to inpatients in hospital. Consequently, the whole society has to spend huge amount of extra resources for additional therapies and medication on those affected inpatients. In order to prevent medication errors, secure inpatient medication administration system is required in a hospital. Using RFID technology, such administration system provides automated medication verification for inpatient's medicine doses and generates corresponding medication evidence, which may be audited later for medical dispute. Recently, Peris-Lopez et al. (Int. J. Med. Inform., 2011) proposed an IS-RFID system to enhance inpatient medication safety. Nevertheless, IS-RFID system does not detect the denial of proof attack efficiently and the generated medication evidence cannot defend against counterfeit evidence generated from the hospital. That is, the hospital possesses enough privilege from the design of IS-RFID system to modify generated medication evidence whenever it is necessary. Hence, we design two lightweight RFID-based solutions for secure inpatient medication administration, one for online verification environment and the other for offline validation situation, to achieve system security on evidence generation and provide early detection on denial of proof attack. PMID:21732130

Yen, Yi-Chung; Lo, Nai-Wei; Wu, Tzong-Chen

2012-10-01

78

FSW Secure Access Portal Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen  

E-print Network

1 FSW Secure Access Portal Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen Handleiding versie: 1 oktober 2009 FSW Secure Access Portal De FSW Secure Access Portal (kortweg Portal) biedt een veilige toegang tot de FSW werkomgeving van buiten de faculteit. Verschillende toepassingen zoals webmail en toegang tot uw P

Galis, Frietson

79

FSW Secure Access Portal Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences  

E-print Network

1 FSW Secure Access Portal Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences FSW Secure Access Portal The FSW Secure Access Portal (short: Portal) provides safe access from outside to the Faculty working: portal.fsw.leidenuniv.nl Staff manual #12;2 When you see the message below please click the Install

Galis, Frietson

80

National Security: The Social Implications of the Politics of Transparency  

Microsoft Academic Search

This special issue of Prometheus is dedicated to the theme of the Social Implications of National Security Measures on Citizens and Business. National security measures can be defined as those technical and non-technical measures that have been initiated as a means to curb breaches in national security, irrespective of whether these might occur by nationals or aliens in or from

M. G. Michael; Katina Michael

2006-01-01

81

Disincentives To Work under Social Security Laws: Topic Paper C.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As one of a series of topic papers assessing federal laws and programs affecting persons with disabilities, this paper outlines several ways in which existing Social Security laws serve to discourage and penalize people with disabilities if they seek to become employed and self-supporting. Programs funded under the Social Security Act are…

National Council on the Handicapped, Washington, DC.

82

Social Security for Persons with Disabilities in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the programmes of Social Security are to guarantee income maintenance or income support, the condition of the disabled persons is somewhat different. Some might have become disabled due to work injury or accident or due to some other contingency during their work life. Such persons have employment related social security schemes in operation in India. However, there are majority

P Madhava Rao

83

Social Security: Strengthening a Vital Safety Net for Latinos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1935, Social Security has provided a vital safety net for millions of Americans who cannot work because of age or disability. This safety net has been especially critical for Americans of Latino decent, who number more than 50 million or nearly one out of every six Americans. Social Security is critical to Latinos because it is much more…

Cruz, Jeff

2012-01-01

84

The Social Security Earnings Test and Work Incentives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The labor supply and benefit claiming incentives provided by the early retirement rules of the Social Security Old Age benefits program are of growing importance as the Normal Retirement Age (NRA) increases to 67, the labor force participation of Older Americans rises, and a variety of reforms to the Social Security system are considered. Any…

Benitez-Silva, Hugo; Heiland, Frank

2007-01-01

85

The Effects of Phasing Out Social Security Student Benefits.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aspects of the student benefit program under the Social Security Act and the consequences of phasing out the program are considered. The 1981 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act phases out the Old Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance (OASDI) student benefit program under the Social Security Act. The OASDI was one of the largest programs offering…

Rosen, David Paul

86

A welfare analysis of social security in a dynastic framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we study the welfare effects of unfunded social security in a general equilibrium model populated with overlapping generations of altruistic individuals that differ in lifetime expectancy and earnings ability. Contrary to previous research, our results indicate that steady-state welfare increases with social security for most households, although by very different amounts. This result is mainly due to

Luisa Fuster; Ayse Imrohoroglu; Selahattin Imrohoroglu

2003-01-01

87

Food Security and Social Protection in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

America's vulnerable populations face increasing levels of food insecurity, hunger and poverty as social protection programs are attacked and delegitimized. This paper examines the changes in social protection policy as a whole but focuses on the extreme case of food security. We first look at the interrelated concepts and definitions of food security, hunger and poverty. Next, we describe governmental

Richard Hoefer; Carolyn Curry

2012-01-01

88

Mortality rates of elderly Asian American populations based on medicare and social security data  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present sex- and age-specific death probabilities for the elderly of six Asian American subgroups—Chinese, Filipino, Indian, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese— based on data from Social Security Administration files. We determined ethnicity by combining race, place of birth, surname, and given name. The data source and ethnic determination are the same for deaths and the population at risk, avoiding the

Diane S. Lauderdale; Bert Kestenbaum

2002-01-01

89

Occupational Information in Social Security Disability Cases: A Follow-Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social Security Administration determines existence and prevalence of 125 sedentary, unskilled occupations in making decisions about disability awards. Surveyed manufacturing and service industries in Chicago to determine extent to which sedentary and light, unskilled jobs and those with sit-stand options actually exist. Found that more light than…

Bose, Julie L.; And Others

1991-01-01

90

[Welfare and health in the century of social security].  

PubMed

Great achievements for public health in this century include penicillin, oral contraception, vaccination and transplantation, but the greatest contribution to the health of Norwegians may have been made by social security and the welfare state policies. The beneficial effects of social security include: less social inequality, a factor which in itself makes for better health, some degree of financial security for people who are ill and unable to support themselves or their families, universal availability of medical and health services. This paper explores the ideas and sources from which present-day social security legislation stems. The emergence of state based welfare legislation was inspired by developments in Germany under Bismarck; accident insurance for industrial workers was the first to be introduced in 1894. Several periods of active social security legislation followed at times when labour unions and socialist ideas were strong, supported, to some degree, by radical clergy and public health doctors. Social democratic governments, inspired by the British Beveridge plan towards the end of World War II, took the lead during the long post-war period until the mid 1970s. The Scandinavian model of social security is based on universal coverage and a single payer system. However, since the 1980s, as in other countries of Northern Europe, the social security system has come under pressure from market liberalism. Now at the turn of the century, increasing social inequalities cause some concern for the future of the welfare state. PMID:10827494

Westin, S

1999-12-10

91

Analyzes of International Social Security System and Discussions on Perfecting Chinese Social Security System Especially for State-Own Incorporations  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the pivotal factors that lead to the lacking of breaking though in reformation of Chinese state-own corporations are the following: the social security system has not been stroke up in the light of international routine and accordingly not been bringing into play of its own. The defects of current Chinese social security system can be collectively represented by

Song Yu-ling; Miao Zhuang

2007-01-01

92

76 FR 45309 - Social Security Ruling 11-1p; Titles II and XVI: Procedures for Handling Requests To File...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SSA-2011-0057] Social Security Ruling 11-1p; Titles II and XVI: Procedures for Handling Requests...when you have a pending claim of the same title and benefit type in our administrative...Security. Policy Interpretation Ruling Titles II and XVI: Procedures for Handling...

2011-07-28

93

24 CFR 200.6 - Employer identification and social security numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Employer identification and social security numbers. 200.6...Applicable to Multifamily and Health Care Facility Mortgage Insurance... Employer identification and social security numbers. The requirements...disclosure and verification of social security numbers and...

2013-04-01

94

24 CFR 200.6 - Employer identification and social security numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Employer identification and social security numbers. 200.6...Applicable to Multifamily and Health Care Facility Mortgage Insurance... Employer identification and social security numbers. The requirements...disclosure and verification of social security numbers and...

2010-04-01

95

24 CFR 200.6 - Employer identification and social security numbers.  

... Employer identification and social security numbers. 200.6...Applicable to Multifamily and Health Care Facility Mortgage Insurance... Employer identification and social security numbers. The requirements...disclosure and verification of social security numbers and...

2014-04-01

96

24 CFR 200.6 - Employer identification and social security numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Employer identification and social security numbers. 200.6...Applicable to Multifamily and Health Care Facility Mortgage Insurance... Employer identification and social security numbers. The requirements...disclosure and verification of social security numbers and...

2011-04-01

97

24 CFR 200.6 - Employer identification and social security numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Employer identification and social security numbers. 200.6...Applicable to Multifamily and Health Care Facility Mortgage Insurance... Employer identification and social security numbers. The requirements...disclosure and verification of social security numbers and...

2012-04-01

98

20 CFR 225.13 - Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. 225.13 ...Annuities § 225.13 Social Security Earnings Dual Benefit PIA. (a) General...this chapter. The Social Security Dual Benefit PIA is also...

2010-04-01

99

20 CFR 229.56 - Reduction for child's social security benefit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Reduction for child's social security benefit. 229.56 Section 229... Reduction for child's social security benefit. A child's benefit...zero, by the amount of any social security benefit being paid to the...

2010-04-01

100

20 CFR 229.55 - Reduction for spouse social security benefit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Reduction for spouse social security benefit. 229.55 Section 229...55 Reduction for spouse social security benefit. A spouse benefit...zero, by the amount of any social security benefit being paid to the...

2010-04-01

101

38 CFR 1.575 - Social security numbers in veterans' benefits matters.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Social security numbers in veterans' benefits matters. 1...receiving loan guaranty benefits and a social security number or other...be used to verify social security benefit entitlement...

2010-07-01

102

20 CFR 229.53 - Reduction for social security benefits on employee's wage record.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Reduction for social security benefits on employee's wage record...229.53 Reduction for social security benefits on employee's wage record...the total amount of the social security benefits being paid to all...

2010-04-01

103

20 CFR 235.4 - How the Board pays social security benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false How the Board pays social security benefits. 235.4 Section 235...RETIREMENT ACT PAYMENT OF SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS BY THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT...4 How the Board pays social security benefits. (a) When an...

2010-04-01

104

20 CFR 404.611 - How do I file an application for Social Security benefits?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...I file an application for Social Security benefits? 404.611 Section...I file an application for Social Security benefits? (a) General rule...application for title II Social Security benefits, which you may be...

2010-04-01

105

20 CFR 228.19 - Reduction for a social security benefit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Reduction for a social security benefit. 228.19 Section 228...228.19 Reduction for a social security benefit. The tier I annuity component...reduced for the amount of any social security benefit to which the survivor...

2010-04-01

106

42 CFR 408.46 - Effect of suspension of social security benefits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Effect of suspension of social security benefits. 408.46 Section 408... Effect of suspension of social security benefits. (a) Benefit payments...taxable year. (1) If social security benefit payments are...

2010-10-01

107

20 CFR 229.10 - What the social security overall minimum guarantee is.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT...RETIREMENT ACT SOCIAL SECURITY OVERALL MINIMUM...guarantee is. The social security overall minimum...total family benefits which would be paid under the Social Security Act if...

2010-04-01

108

Design and Implementation of a Secure Healthcare Social Cloud System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two cutting edge technologies are cloud computing and social media. Healthcare is a promising application of these technologies. In this paper, we describe our design and prototype implementation of a social healthcare network over the cloud. The system is secured with a trust-aware role-based access control. Our work addresses an unmet need in social healthcare networking -- emotional support, and

Ryan Wooten; Roger Klink; Frank Sinek; Yan Bai; Meeta Sharma

2012-01-01

109

a Control number d Employee's social security number 1 Wages, tips, other compensation 2 Federal income tax withheld c Employer's name, address, and ZIP Code b Employer's identification 4 Social security tax withheld 4 Social security tax withheld  

E-print Network

: Social security wages: Advanced EIC payment: Dependent care benefits: Social security tax withhelda Control number d Employee's social security number 1 Wages, tips, other compensation 2 Federal income tax withheld c Employer's name, address, and ZIP Code b Employer's identification 4 Social

Fainman, Yeshaiahu

110

Lifetime distributional effects of Social Security retirement benefits.  

PubMed

This article presents three measures of the distribution of actual and projected net benefits (benefits minus payroll taxes) from Social Security's Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) for people born between 1931 and 1960. The results are based on simulations with the Social Security Administration's Model of Income in the Near Term (MINT), which projects retirement income through 2020. The base sample for MINT is the U.S. Census Bureau's Survey of Income and Program Participation panels for 1990 to 1993, matched with Social Security administrative records. The study population is grouped into 5-year birth cohorts and then ranked by economic status in three ways. First, the population is divided into five groups on the basis of individual lifetime covered earnings, and their lifetime present values of OASI benefits received and payroll taxes paid are calculated. By this measure, OASI provides much higher benefits to the lowest quintile of earners than to other groups, but it becomes less redistributive toward lower earners in more recent birth cohorts. Second, people are ranked by shared lifetime covered earnings, and the values of shared benefits received and payroll taxes paid are computed. Individuals are assumed to split covered earnings, benefits, and payroll taxes with their spouses in the years they are married. By the shared covered earnings measure, OASI is still much more favorable to persons in the lower income quintiles, although to a lesser degree than when people are ranked by individual covered earnings. OASI becomes more progressive among recent cohorts, even as net lifetime benefits decline for the entire population. Finally, individuals are ranked on the basis of their shared permanent income from age 62, when they become eligible for early retirement benefits, until death. Their annual Social Security benefits are compared with the benefits they would have received if they had saved their payroll taxes in individual accounts and used the proceeds to buy either of two annuities that provide level payments from age 62 until death: a unisex annuity that is based on the average life expectancy of the birth cohort or an age-adjusted annuity that is based on the worker's own life expectancy. On the permanent income measure, OASI is generally more favorable to people in higher income quintiles. Moreover, it is particularly unfavorable to those in the lowest quintile. Because people in the lowest quintile have a shorter life expectancy, they receive OASI benefits for a shorter period. This group would receive greater benefits in retirement if they invested their payroll taxes in the age-adjusted annuity. OASI is more favorable to them than the unisex annuity, however, OASI is becoming more progressive in that the net benefits it provides drop more rapidly among higher income quintiles than lower ones. This article also examines how OASI affects individuals by educational attainment, race, and sex. On both the lifetime covered earnings and the permanent income measures, OASI is more favorable to workers with less education and more favorable to women. The results by race and ethnicity are mixed. When people are ranked by the present value of their shared lifetime covered earnings, OASI appears more favorable to non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics than to non-Hispanic whites. When people are ranked by shared permanent income in retirement, however, OASI produces negative returns for both non-Hispanic blacks and non-Hispanic whites in the most recent birth cohorts, with non-Hispanic blacks faring relatively worse. The changes across cohorts occur partly because of changes in tax rates and benefits, but more importantly because of changing demographics and earnings patterns of the workforce. Of particular importance is the increasing share of beneficiaries who receive worker benefits instead of auxiliary benefits as wives or widows. OASI benefits are based on the lifetime covered earnings of current or former married couples, as well as on earned retirement benefits of individuals. The reduced importance of auxil

Smith, Karen; Toder, Eric; Iams, Howard

111

49 CFR 10.29 - Social Security numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Federal statute; or (2) The disclosure of a Social Security number when such disclosure was required under statute or regulation...individual is informed whether that disclosure is mandatory or voluntary, by what statutory or other...

2010-10-01

112

4 CFR 83.9 - Social Security number.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...disclose their Social Security Number (SSN) unless disclosure would be required— (1) Under Federal statute...it shall inform that individual whether that disclosure is mandatory or voluntary, by what statutory or other authority such...

2010-01-01

113

49 CFR 10.29 - Social Security numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Federal statute; or (2) The disclosure of a Social Security number when such disclosure was required under statute or regulation...individual is informed whether that disclosure is mandatory or voluntary, by what statutory or other...

2011-10-01

114

4 CFR 83.9 - Social Security number.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...disclose their Social Security Number (SSN) unless disclosure would be required— (1) Under Federal statute...it shall inform that individual whether that disclosure is mandatory or voluntary, by what statutory or other authority such...

2011-01-01

115

Methods of Integrating Social Security with Private Pension Plans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the reasons for considering integration of Social Security benefits into the company pension plan and the approaches to and methods of integration, and how they apply to various types of plans. (Editor/TA)

Burke, Paul E.

1977-01-01

116

Simulated Social Control for Secure Internet Commerce \\Lambda  

E-print Network

Simulated Social Control for Secure Internet Commerce \\Lambda (position paper) Lars Rasmusson. This makes them more robust than hard security mechanisms such as passwords, who reveal everything mechanisms are discussed. 1 Introduction Internet is going through major changes. It is shifted from being

117

Research on optimization of athletes' social security system in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Applying to neo-institutional economics' supply-demand analytical method, this article makes empirical analysis for the supply and demand conditions of China athletes' social security system. The result shows China has initially established the framework for athletes' social security system which fits market economic system and the Whole-nation System of competitive sports industry; the most notable factors to influence the demand of

Dexin Zou; Chong Jiang

2010-01-01

118

A game-theoretical approach to multimedia social networks security.  

PubMed

The contents access and sharing in multimedia social networks (MSNs) mainly rely on access control models and mechanisms. Simple adoptions of security policies in the traditional access control model cannot effectively establish a trust relationship among parties. This paper proposed a novel two-party trust architecture (TPTA) to apply in a generic MSN scenario. According to the architecture, security policies are adopted through game-theoretic analyses and decisions. Based on formalized utilities of security policies and security rules, the choice of security policies in content access is described as a game between the content provider and the content requester. By the game method for the combination of security policies utility and its influences on each party's benefits, the Nash equilibrium is achieved, that is, an optimal and stable combination of security policies, to establish and enhance trust among stakeholders. PMID:24977226

Liu, Enqiang; Liu, Zengliang; Shao, Fei; Zhang, Zhiyong

2014-01-01

119

A Game-Theoretical Approach to Multimedia Social Networks Security  

PubMed Central

The contents access and sharing in multimedia social networks (MSNs) mainly rely on access control models and mechanisms. Simple adoptions of security policies in the traditional access control model cannot effectively establish a trust relationship among parties. This paper proposed a novel two-party trust architecture (TPTA) to apply in a generic MSN scenario. According to the architecture, security policies are adopted through game-theoretic analyses and decisions. Based on formalized utilities of security policies and security rules, the choice of security policies in content access is described as a game between the content provider and the content requester. By the game method for the combination of security policies utility and its influences on each party's benefits, the Nash equilibrium is achieved, that is, an optimal and stable combination of security policies, to establish and enhance trust among stakeholders. PMID:24977226

Liu, Enqiang; Liu, Zengliang; Shao, Fei; Zhang, Zhiyong

2014-01-01

120

5 CFR 839.901 - When will my employer begin withholding Social Security taxes if I was erroneously in CSRS during...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

When will my employer begin withholding Social Security taxes if I was erroneously in CSRS during my qualifying retirement coverage error and my corrected coverage will now require me to pay Social Security taxes? 839.901 Section 839.901 Administrative...

2010-01-01

121

The Professional Socialization of Graduate Students in Educational Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of the institutional mechanisms and individual processes through which graduate students are socialized to the norms of professional practice in educational administration are presented in this paper, which builds a conceptual framework that draws from research on adult socialization, the socialization and career patterns of school…

Weidman, John C.; Stein, Elizabeth Leahy

122

Social Work Values in Human Services Administration: Implications for Social Work Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The perceived wisdom in the social work education community, based on empirical research from the 1990s and the early part of this century, says that the master of social work (MSW) degree is not competitive with the master of business administration or the master of public administration to obtain top-level administration jobs in nonprofit…

Watson, Larry D.; Hoefer, Richard

2014-01-01

123

The future financial status of the Social Security program.  

PubMed

The concepts of solvency, sustainability, and budget impact are common in discussions of Social Security, but are not well understood. Currently, the Social Security Board of Trustees projects program cost to rise by 2035 so that taxes will be enough to pay for only 75 percent of scheduled benefits. This increase in cost results from population aging, not because we are living longer, but because birth rates dropped from three to two children per woman. Importantly, this shortfall is basically stable after 2035; adjustments to taxes or benefits that offset the effects of the lower birth rate may restore solvency for the Social Security program on a sustainable basis for the foreseeable future. Finally, as Treasury debt securities (trust fund assets) are redeemed in the future, they will just be replaced with public debt. If trust fund assets are exhausted without reform, benefits will necessarily be lowered with no effect on budget deficits. PMID:20737861

Goss, Stephen C

2010-01-01

124

Identifying the Enemy: Social Categorization and National Security Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation seeks to understand the interplay between informal articulations of social categories and formal instantiations of those categories in official language. Specifically, it explores the process of social categorization as it is used to identify threats to national security. The research employed a qualitative, document-based,…

Unsworth, Kristene

2010-01-01

125

Uncovering the American Dream: Inequality and Mobility in Social Security Earnings Data since 1937  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses Social Security Administration longitudinal earnings micro data since 1937 to analyze the evolution of inequality and mobility in the United States. Earnings inequality follows a U-shape pattern, decreasing sharply up to 1953 and increasing steadily afterwards. We find that short-term and long-term (rank based) mobility among all workers has been quite stable since 1950 (after a temporary

Wojciech Kopczuk; Emmanuel Saez; Jae Song

2007-01-01

126

61 FR 11112 - Disclosure and Verification of Social Security Numbers and Employer Identification Numbers, and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...24 CFR Part 5, et al. Disclosure and Verification of Social Security...FR-3992-F-01] RIN 2501-AC13 Disclosure and Verification of Social Security...rule amends HUD's regulations for the disclosure and verification of social...

1996-03-18

127

48 CFR 252.222-7004 - Compliance with Spanish social security laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...TC1—Certificate of Social Security Payments; (2...TC2/1—Certificate of Social Security Payments for Trainees...from the Ministerio de Trabajo y S.S., Tesoreria General de la Seguridad Social (annotated with the...

2011-10-01

128

Lori Garver, NASA Deputy Administrator NASA Cyber Security Awareness Month Symposium  

E-print Network

Lori Garver, NASA Deputy Administrator NASA Cyber Security Awareness Month Symposium NASA National Cyber Security Awareness Month. It is a time when all Americans are encouraged to spread awareness operations and services, cybersecurity is an issue that touches us all. National Cyber Security Awareness

129

RT-Based Administrative Models for Community Cyber Security Information Sharing  

E-print Network

RT-Based Administrative Models for Community Cyber Security Information Sharing Ravi Sandhu, Khalid Zaman Bijon Institute for Cyber Security World-Leading Research with Real Ravi Sandhu, Khalid Zaman Bijon Institute for Cyber Security University of Texas at San Antonio Oct. 15, 2011 International

Sandhu, Ravi

130

RT-Based Administrative Models for Community Cyber Security Information Sharing  

E-print Network

RT-Based Administrative Models for Community Cyber Security Information Sharing Ravi Sandhu, Khalid Zaman Bijon, Xin Jin, and Ram Krishnan Institute for Cyber Security & Department of Computer Science Institute for Cyber Security & Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Texas at San

Sandhu, Ravi

131

Social security in Asia and the Pacific: a brief overview.  

PubMed

In terms of numbers of people, the global challenges facing social security systems are largely Asian. Because of rapid population aging in Asia, while it accounted for 28% of the world's population aged 60 and older in 1985, that percentage will more than double to 58% in 2050. Provident funds are a prominent feature of retirement income systems in the region-Asia and the Pacific contain the majority of the world's countries with provident funds. These programs typically provide lump-sum benefits, and thus, do not provide annuity protection against outliving one's resources. Because of the influence of Confucian philosophy with its emphasis on family responsibility for elders, countries in the region have been relatively slow in developing social security programs. China does not have a social security program for workers who do not work for the government or in government-owned enterprises. PMID:12503332

Turner, John

2002-01-01

132

Population age structure and the size of social security.  

PubMed

"This paper uses a general overlapping generations model to analyze social security. Rather than focusing on intertemporal price and income considerations, however, the paper focuses on the effect of contemporaneous (same period) prices and income. The analysis shows that the old-age dependency ratio acts as a shadow price for old-age benefits. With this new shadow price, the equilibrium price and quantity of social security benefits and the level of the payroll tax rate are determined in a demand-supply framework with individual utility maximization. Three explicit demand functions (intergenerational contracts) are analyzed. The model is tested using [U.S.] time series data for the social security Old-Age and Survivors (OASI) program." PMID:12279781

Turner, J A

1984-04-01

133

Food Security: An Ecological–Social Analysis to Promote Social Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coupled with the obesity epidemic, food insecurity presents a public health and social crisis. The United States' industrialized food system embodies an unsustainable network of production and unequal distribution of food creating threats to both the natural environment and human development. Ecological, economic, and social systems are interdependent and their relationships to food security are complex and dynamic. Social workers

Michelle L. Kaiser

2011-01-01

134

Male Labor Force Participation and Social Security in Mexico  

PubMed Central

Labor-force participation among Mexican males in their early retirement years (60 to 64 years of age) has decreased in recent decades, from 94.6 percent in 1960 to 65.2 percent in 2010. Similar trends are evident elsewhere in Latin America, and have occurred in the developed world. Such trends pose challenges to financial sustainability of social security systems as working-age populations decrease and those in retirement increase both because of demographic trends and decisions to take early retirement. In this study, we find that the Mexican social security system provides incentives to retire early. The retirement incentives of the Mexican social security system affect retirement behavior, and may be one of the main contributors to early retirement decisions, particularly for lower-income populations. We simulated the effect of the reform from a Pay-As-You-Go (PAYG) to the new Personal Retirement Accounts (PRA) system and we find that the PRA system also provides incentives to early retirement. Further analysis is needed to assess the financial sustainability of the social security system and financial security in old age for the largest cohorts in Mexico that will begin to retire by 2040.

Aguila, Emma

2014-01-01

135

Solutions to Security and Privacy Issues in Mobile Social Networking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract—Social network,information,is now,being used,in ways,for which,it may,have,not been,originally intended. In particular, increased use of smartphones capable of running applications,which,access,social network,information,enable applications,to be aware,of a user’s location and,preferences. However, current models for exchange of this information require users to compromise,their privacy,and,security. We,present several of these privacy and security issues, along with our design and implementation,of solutions for these issues. Our work,allows

Aaron Beach; Mike Gartrell; Richard Han

2009-01-01

136

Machine Learning Meets Social Networking Security  

E-print Network

Understand how criminal accounts survive and work on Twitter #12;Twitter ABC · What is Twitter? ­Social media and New Design for Fighting Evolving Twitter Spammers." In Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium For Fun and Profit -- A Case Study of Cyber Criminal Ecosystem on Twitter." In Proceedings of the 21st

Gu, Guofei

137

20 CFR 416.1433 - How to request a hearing before an administrative law judge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...1433 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ...request— (1) Your name and social security number; (2) The name and social security number of your spouse, if any; (3) The reasons you disagree with the...

2010-04-01

138

A test of interventions for security threats from social engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Recently, the role of human behavior has become a focal point in the study of information security countermeasures. However, few empirical studies have been conducted to test social engineering theory and the reasons why people may or may not fall victim, and even fewer have tested recommended treatments. Building on theory using threat control factors, the purpose of

Michael Workman

2008-01-01

139

Social Security Reform: Analysis of a Trust Fund Exhaustion Scenario.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report responds to your request that we apply our criteria for assessing Social Security reform proposals to a Trust Fund Exhaustion scenario. As requested, this analysis assumes that once the combined Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability I...

2003-01-01

140

Stochastic Infinite Horizon Forecasts for Social Security and Related Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper consists of three reports on stochastic forecasting for Social Security, on infinite horizons, immigration, and structural time series models. 1) In our preferred stochastic immigration forecast, total net immigration drops from current levels down to about one million by 2020, then slowly rises to 1.2 million at the end of the century, with 95% probability bounds of 800,000

Ronald Lee; Timothy Miller; Michael Anderson

2004-01-01

141

Social Security: The Challenge of the 1980s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to cut government costs have unfairly focused on social security, disregarding its importance to older Americans. The program also has been perceived erroneously as being on the verge of bankruptcy. Both Congress and the nation, however, must seek solutions to the cash-flow difficulties of the system. (Author/AOS)

Pepper, Claude

1983-01-01

142

Labor market transitions and social security in Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper quantifies the magnitude of transitions across occupational categories in Colombia, a country with high unemployment and informality but quickly increasing its social security coverage for health. The analysis makes use of a panel of households between 2008 and 2009, representative of the main metropolitan areas inthe country. Results confirm previous evidence found in Colombia and elsewhere in the

Jose Cuesta; Camilo Bohorquez

2011-01-01

143

Social Security: Process and Problems. (Part One and Two).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This two-part program, first broadcast in April 2000, is being rebroadcast in response to requests from judges and court personnel for information that will help them deal more effectively with the fast growing Social Security disability docket. Part one ...

2000-01-01

144

Ensuring a Minimum: Social Security Reform and Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The potential effects of implementing three different minimum benefits in Social Security, which have accompanied proposals to privatize the program and reform family benefits, are examined in relation to the adequacy of benefits for women reaching age 62 between 2020 and 2030. Design and Methods: The 1992 Health and Retirement Study is…

Herd, Pamela

2005-01-01

145

The Downside Risk of Postponing Social Security Benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The point that only live participants may initiate or receive Social Security benefits is typically overlooked. Thus a postponement of benefits at any eligible retirement age may be likened to participation in a game of chance in which the participant is subject to a variant form of gambler’s ruin at death. The typical assumption, therefore, that a participant should automatically

Joseph Friedman; Herbert E Phillips

2010-01-01

146

Debating the Future: A Social Security Political Leadership Simulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students are well served by course simulations that employ active learning styles and student-driven interaction. For debate on political issues, particular public policies are quite effective in stimulating that discussion. We developed an in-class simulation of political debate on the issue of Social Security. We describe the simulation itself,…

Rackaway, Chapman; Goertzen, Brent J.

2008-01-01

147

Caregiver Sensitivity, Contingent Social Responsiveness, and Secure Infant Attachment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings from two research syntheses of the relationship between caregiver sensitivity and secure infant attachment and one research synthesis of factors associated with increased caregiver use of a sensitive interactional style are presented. The main focus of analysis was the extent to which different measures of caregiver contingent social

Dunst, Carl J.; Kassow, Danielle Z.

2008-01-01

148

Inequality and Social Security Reforms Jean-Olivier Hairault  

E-print Network

. Domeij and Klein (2002) show that PAYG systems may lead to more inequality of wealth. Fuster (1999Inequality and Social Security Reforms Jean-Olivier Hairault Fran¸cois Langot Paris School by low-productivity workers, leading to an increase in welfare inequality. We show that the very popular

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

149

Social Security Disability Insurance: Essential Protection when Work Incapacity Strikes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) is an essential lifeline for millions of Americans. Without it, many families would be in deep financial distress. SSDI is insurance that workers pay for through premiums deducted from their pay. In return, workers gain the right to monthly benefits if a disabling condition ends their capacity to earn a…

Reno, Virginia P.; Ekman, Lisa D.

2012-01-01

150

Social Security Disability Insurance: Time for Fundamental Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) program is growing at an unsustainable pace. Over the past 40 years the number of disabled worker beneficiaries has increased nearly sixfold, rising from 1.5 million in 1970 to 8.2 million in 2010. Rapid growth in the rolls has put increasing pressure on program finances. The rapid rise in SSDI…

Burkhauser, Richard V.; Daly, Mary C.

2012-01-01

151

Studies in Income Distribution. Estimation of Social Security Taxes on the March Current Population Survey. No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of the tax-transfer system on the distribution of income among economic units is the subject of a number of studies by the Office of Research and Statistics of the Social Security Administration. One of the most important data sources for the work is the Census Bureau's March Current Population Survey (CPS). To conduct such studies, the…

Bridges, Benjamin, Jr.; Johnston, Mary P.

152

Improving Access to Competitive Employment for Persons with Disabilities as a Means of Reducing Social Security Expenditures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the growth in Social Security Administration (SSA) disability programs and suggests that one means of assisting SSA beneficiaries to reduce dependence is for the SSA to directly or indirectly fund competitive employment initiatives focusing on vocational rehabilitation for individuals who are currently served in nonremunerative day…

Wehman, Paul; And Others

1997-01-01

153

Social Security and the Texas Farmer.  

E-print Network

.0 70.4 2. OASI payments voluntary or required? 56.8 35.6 46.2 3. Do survivors get benefit payments? 58.0 66.4 62.2 4. Must wife have Social Securi- ty card to get payments from husband's insurance? 40.8 40.8 40.8 5. Who administers 'OASI....0 70.4 2. OASI payments voluntary or required? 56.8 35.6 46.2 3. Do survivors get benefit payments? 58.0 66.4 62.2 4. Must wife have Social Securi- ty card to get payments from husband's insurance? 40.8 40.8 40.8 5. Who administers 'OASI...

Skrabanek, R. L.; Ducoff, Louis J.

1959-01-01

154

Security and Privacy in Online Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a \\u000a Social Network Services (SNS) are currently drastically revolutionizing the way people interact, thus becoming de facto a predominant service on the web, today.1 The impact of this paradigm change on socioeconomic and technical aspects of collaboration and interaction is comparable\\u000a to that caused by the deployment of World Wide Web in the 1990s.

Leucio Antonio Cutillo; Mark Manulis; Thorsten Strufe

2010-01-01

155

42 CFR 406.12 - Individual under age 65 who is entitled to social security or railroad retirement disability...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...entitled to social security or railroad...disability benefits. 406.12...entitled to social security or railroad...disability benefits. (a) Basic...entitled to social security disability benefits as an...

2010-10-01

156

20 CFR 404.1363 - Treatment of social security benefits or payments where Federal benefit payable other than by...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Treatment of social security benefits or payments where Federal...Other Benefits on Payment of Social Security Benefits and Payments § 404.1363 Treatment of social security benefits or payments where...

2010-04-01

157

48 CFR 1552.224-70 - Social security numbers of consultants and certain sole proprietors and Privacy Act statement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... true Social security numbers of consultants and certain sole proprietors and Privacy...224-70 Social security numbers of consultants and certain sole proprietors and Privacy...solicitations. Social Security Numbers of Consultants and Certain Sole Proprietors and...

2010-10-01

158

20 CFR 220.37 - When a child's disability determination is governed by the regulations of the Social Security...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...found disabled under the Social Security Act in order to...found disabled under the Social Security Act, may qualify for the following: (1) Inclusion as a disabled child in...annuity rate under the social security overall...

2010-04-01

159

National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Automated Information Security Handbook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Automated Information Security Handbook provides NASA's overall approach to automated information systems security including discussions of such aspects as: program goals and objectives, assignment of responsibilities, risk assessment, foreign national access, contingency planning and disaster recovery, awareness training, procurement, certification, planning, and special considerations for microcomputers.

Roback, E.

1991-01-01

160

45 CFR 1336.67 - Security and collateral: Responsibilities of the Loan Administrator.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS Native Hawaiian Revolving Loan Fund Demonstration Project § 1336.67 Security and...

2013-10-01

161

45 CFR 1336.67 - Security and collateral: Responsibilities of the Loan Administrator.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS Native Hawaiian Revolving Loan Fund Demonstration Project § 1336.67 Security and...

2010-10-01

162

45 CFR 1336.67 - Security and collateral: Responsibilities of the Loan Administrator.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS Native Hawaiian Revolving Loan Fund Demonstration Project § 1336.67 Security and...

2012-10-01

163

45 CFR 1336.67 - Security and collateral: Responsibilities of the Loan Administrator.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION FOR NATIVE AMERICANS, NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS NATIVE AMERICAN PROGRAMS Native Hawaiian Revolving Loan Fund Demonstration Project § 1336.67 Security and...

2011-10-01

164

76 FR 40352 - National Nuclear Security Administration; Amended Record of Decision: Site-Wide Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Impact Statement for the Continued Operation of Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM AGENCY: National Nuclear Security Administration...Impact Statement for the Continued Operation of Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New...

2011-07-08

165

77 FR 18716 - Transportation Security Administration Postal Zip Code Change; Technical Amendment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Transportation Security Administration Postal Zip Code Change; Technical Amendment AGENCY: Transportation...regulatory reference to TSA's postal zip code. This rule revises existing regulations...Beginning December 17, 2008, the postal zip codes for TSA headquarters facilities in...

2012-03-28

166

13 CFR 102.35 - Use and collection of Social Security Numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of refusing to provide their social security numbers, unless...a statute; or (2) The social security numbers are required...prior to 1975 to verify the identity of an individual; and ...requested to provide their social security numbers must be...

2011-01-01

167

20 CFR 235.3 - Who is paid social security benefits by the Board.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Who is paid social security benefits by the Board. 235.3...RETIREMENT ACT PAYMENT OF SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS BY THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT... § 235.3 Who is paid social security benefits by the Board. The...

2010-04-01

168

The Role of Earnings and Financial Risk in Distributional Analyses of Social Security Reform Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Social Security Trustees project that the Social Security program faces longterm financing difficulties. Several proposals that have been offered to shore-up the finances of the Social Security program would create individual retirement accounts funded with part of the payroll tax. The authors of many of these proposals claim that future…

Hungerford, Thomas L.

2006-01-01

169

26 CFR 1.31-2 - Credit for “special refunds” of employee social security tax.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...amended by section 202 of the Social Security Amendments of 1954...of the amount of employee social security tax deducted and...the calendar year 1954) by reason of the employee receiving...a), respectively, of the Social Security Amendments of...

2010-04-01

170

The Effect of State-Legalized Same-Sex Marriage on Social Security Benefits and Pensions  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the 2004 legalization of same-sex marriage in Massachusetts, many have questioned how the legalization of such marriages at the state level may affect the eligibility for and payment of federal Social Security benefits and private pensions. Social Security benefits are currently paid to the spouses of disabled, retired, or deceased workers entitled to Social Security. However, under current law,

Laura Haltzel; Patrick Purcell

2008-01-01

171

20 CFR 422.104 - Who can be assigned a social security number.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...without authority to work in the U.S., if... (i) You need a social security number to satisfy... If we assign you a social security number as an...are not authorized to work. We will also mark your social security card with a...

2012-04-01

172

20 CFR 422.104 - Who can be assigned a social security number.  

...without authority to work in the U.S., if... (i) You need a social security number to satisfy... If we assign you a social security number as an...are not authorized to work. We will also mark your social security card with a...

2014-04-01

173

20 CFR 422.104 - Who can be assigned a social security number.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...without authority to work in the U.S., if... (i) You need a social security number to satisfy... If we assign you a social security number as an...are not authorized to work. We will also mark your social security card with a...

2013-04-01

174

Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration  

E-print Network

, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL (perhaps the only reasonable social models) � Traffic, transportation systems � Economy and governments � Supply chains and logistics � Systems of systems (e.g., the nuclear fuel cycle, fleet management) #12

Langerhans, Brian

175

Alternative Administrative Certification: Socializing Factors Influencing Program Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used an organizational socialization lens to examine factors influencing participants' decision to pursue the principalship and choice to engage in an alternate administration certification program. Through an analysis of participant focus groups and interviews, factors emerged from the codes that were compared with dimensions of…

Bickmore, Dana L.; Bickmore, Steven T.; Raines, Sarah

2013-01-01

176

Social security bars claim in AIDS job-bias lawsuit.  

PubMed

A Federal judge, Clarence C. Newcomer, has ruled that people who seek Social Security benefits cannot at the same time assert that they are qualified to work under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The Philadelphia-based judge based his ruling on the case of [name removed]. Mr. [Name removed], a Disney store employee, alleged his firing occurred one week after a manager questioned his HIV status. [Name removed] countered that [name removed] was fired for taking two dollars from the cash register to purchase cigarettes. However, the judge focused on [name removed]'s application for Social Security and granted [name removed]'s motion for summary judgment. If Newcomer's ruling becomes settled law, people with AIDS will have to choose between seeking legal redress or seeking government assistance. PMID:11362707

1995-08-11

177

THE WELFARE IMPLICATIONS OF SOCIAL SECURITY FOR HOMEOWNERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

For most households in the U.S., the largest proportion of net worth is owner-occupied housing. We show that incorporating frictions associated with housing market into the life cycle framework generates a long-run welfare gain of eliminating social security almost twice as much as in a standard life-cycle economy. The key reason for this difference is that as mandatory savings for

KAIJI CHEN

178

20 CFR 404.1620 - General administrative requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...404.1620 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determinations of Disability Administrative Responsibilities and Requirements § 404.1620 General...

2011-04-01

179

Social Security and divorce or death benefits storyboard (S(2)D(2)BS): an interactive participant learning exercise.  

PubMed

Using the concept of an interactive or living storyboard, the author discusses the use of seven case narratives constructed for the sole purpose of teaching introductory gerontology or geriatric students about the distribution of Social Security benefits after spousal death. Additional information is included pertaining to Social Security benefits payable to divorced persons after the death of the former spouse, including the status of married same-sex couples. Narratives include representations of a male breadwinner model couple, a two-earner couple who have similar/dissimilar earnings prior to retirement, a divorced couple with a remarriage after a death, a gay couple with and without children, and a female primary breadwinner couple. Updated information from the Social Security Administration, as well as information on game preparation, scripts, and debriefing questions are included. PMID:24794559

Brown, Pamela Pitman

2014-01-01

180

RT-based administrative models for community cyber security information sharing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a series of formal administrative models for recently proposed informal requirements for community cyber security information sharing [9]. Traditional enterprise-oriented administrative models are not suitable for the highly dynamic and distributed nature of this multi-organization application domain. Hence, new administrative models with robust intuitive grounding and rigorous mathematical foundations are required. We show that the role-based trust management

Ravi Sandhu; Khalid Zaman Bijon; Xin Jin; Ram Krishnan

2011-01-01

181

Oxytocin administration, salivary testosterone, and father-infant social behavior.  

PubMed

The growing involvement of fathers in childcare is followed by an increased interest in the neurobiology of fatherhood; yet, experimental work on the neuroendocrine basis of paternal care in humans is limited. The steroid Testosterone (T) and the neuropeptide Oxytocin (OT) have each been implicated in complex social behavior including parenting. However, no study to date explored the interaction between these two hormones in the context of fathering. In the current study we first test the relationship between father's basal salivary T and father and infant's social behaviors during parent-child interaction. Second, we examine the effects of intranasal OT administration on father's T production, and, finally, address the relations between OT-induced change in father's T with father-infant social behavior. Thirty-five fathers and their infants participated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, within-subject study. Father-infant interaction was micro-coded for paternal and infant social behavior and synchrony was measured as the coordination between their gaze, affect, and vocalizations. Father's salivary T levels were measured at baseline and three times after administration. Results indicate that lower baseline T correlated with more optimal father and infant's behaviors. OT administration altered T production in fathers, relative to the pattern of T in the placebo condition. Finally, OT-induced change in T levels correlated with parent-child social behaviors, including positive affect, social gaze, touch, and vocal synchrony. Findings support the view that neuroendocrine systems in human males evolved to support committed parenting and are the first to describe the dynamic interactions between OT and T within a bio-behavioral synchrony model. PMID:24252717

Weisman, Omri; Zagoory-Sharon, Orna; Feldman, Ruth

2014-03-01

182

Social Security and Undergraduates with Disabilities: An Analysis of the National Postsecondary Student Aid Survey. Addressing Trends in Development in Secondary Education and Transition. Information Brief. Vol. 3, Issue 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this brief is to describe the characteristics of undergraduate students receiving Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Social Security Administration (SSI) benefits as they relate to issues of participation in postsecondary education and employment. This brief describes results from the National Postsecondary Student Aid…

Berry, Hugh; Conway, Megan A.; Change, Kelly B.T.

2004-01-01

183

Author Retains Full Rights AD Security Policy and Social Media Use  

E-print Network

Social media offers important business advantages to companies and organizations, but also has well-known security risks. In order to mitigate these security risks and still enjoy the benefits of social media organizations must establish and enforce good social media usage policies. But many organizations are unsure of how to develop effective social media policies. Instead, many organizations either simply prohibit social media use altogether, or have no policy at all regarding social media use. Both of these approach... Copyright SANS Institute

Giac (gsec Gold Certification

2011-01-01

184

The widow(er)'s limit provision of Social Security.  

PubMed

Widow benefits have been a part of the Social Security program since the 1939 amendments to the Social Security Act (widower benefits were added later). For many years, the Social Security law called for paying a widow(er) a fraction of the deceased worker's primary insurance amount (PIA). However, the worker--while alive--may have received the full PIA as his or her retirement benefit. Over time, arguments were made that a widow(er) should be treated as generously as his or her spouse was. The 1972 amendments to the Social Security Act allowed for a widow(er) to receive a full PIA, subject to actuarial reductions if the widow(er) benefit was claimed before the normal retirement age (NRA) and subject to a new provision of the law commonly referred to as the widow(er)'s limit. Generally, the widow(er)'s limit specifies that if a worker received reduced retirement benefits (because the worker claimed benefits before the NRA), then the worker's widow(er) cannot receive a monthly benefit equal to the full PIA. Rather, the widow(er)'s benefit is generally limited to the amount the worker would receive if he or she was still alive. The limit provision appears to be motivated by the overall intent of the 1972 Congress to pay a benefit to a widow(er) that was comparable with what the worker received. A number of changes to the limit provision have been discussed. This article looks at the following options: Abolishing the limit, Raising the limit by requiring that it never be set below the average PIA among all retired-worker beneficiaries. Adjusting the limit for some widow(er)s--that is, only persons who are widowed before the NRA (the ARLA option), Making a simpler adjustment to the limit by abolishing it for persons who are widowed before age 62 (the SARLA option), and A proposal by Robert J. Myers that would make modest adjustments to the limit for cases in which the worker died before the NRA. The most fundamental change--abolishing the limit--would increase benefits for about 2.8 million widow(er)s and would cost about $3.1 billion a year. Most of the additional government expenditures would not go to the poor and the near poor. Another change would be more successful in aiding low-income widow(er)s: requiring that the limit amount never be set below the average PIA among all retired-worker beneficiaries. About 58 percent of the government expenditures from that option would be received by the poor and the near poor. Overall, 1.2 million widow(er)s would be helped, and the cost would be about $816 million a year. Although the limit provision is consistent with the overall intent of the 1972 Congress, it can have effects that may have been unintended and that some policymakers might consider unusual. Persons who delay receipt of Social Security benefits usually receive higher monthly benefit amounts, but a widow(er) who faces a limit cannot increase his or her monthly benefit through delayed receipt of benefits. Thus, many persons who are widowed before the NRA face strong incentives to claim benefits early. That is somewhat unusual because the actuarial adjustments under Social Security are approximately fair, so there are no cost savings to the Social Security program from "forcing" a widow(er) to claim early benefits as opposed to allowing him or her to delay receipt of benefits in exchange for a higher monthly amount. And many widow(er)s would be better off if they could use the Social Security program to, in effect, save (that is, delay receipt of benefits in exchange for a higher amount later). This article analyzes two other options that would provide widow(er)s with additional filing options under Social Security. The ARLA option would ultimately help about 229,000 widow(er)s, and the cost would be small (about $69 million a year). The SARLA option would help about 117,000 widow(er)s, and the cost would be about $41 million a year. Robert J. Myers, a former Chief Actuary of Social Security, has offered a proposal that would provide relief from the widow(er)'s limit in cases in which the worker dies shortl

Weaver, D A

185

78 FR 67210 - Charging Standard Administrative Fees for Nonprogram-Related Information; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Correction AGENCY: Social Security Administration. ACTION: Notice of standard administrative fees...in addition to the standard fee, to certify detailed yearly Social Security earnings information. We based this new standard fee on our most...

2013-11-08

186

Technical and administrative cyber security issues with implementation of a SCADA security upgrade  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses the relative perspective of corporate IT and real time system when addressing SCADA cyber security issues. Outlines is the evolution of these positions during the progress of a project delivering SCADA cyber security policies, procedures, standards, guidelines and physical infrastructure.

B. Fulton

2005-01-01

187

77 FR 50757 - Charging Standard Administrative Fees for Nonprogram-Related Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CONTACT: Karen Huelskamp, Social Security Administration, Office of Finance, 6401 Security Boulevard, Baltimore, MD 21235-6401...1-800-325-0778, or visit our Internet site, Social Security Online, at...

2012-08-22

188

Demographic Change, Social Security Systems, and Savings1  

PubMed Central

In theory, improvements in healthy life expectancy should generate increases in the average age of retirement, with little effect on savings rates. In many countries, however, retirement incentives in social security programs prevent retirement ages from keeping pace with changes in life expectancy, leading to an increased need for life-cycle savings. Analyzing a cross-country panel of macroeconomic data, we find that increased longevity raises aggregate savings rates in countries with universal pension coverage and retirement incentives, though the effect disappears in countries with pay-as-you-go systems and high replacement rates. PMID:19865594

Bloom, David E.; Canning, David; Mansfield, Richard K.; Moore, Michael

2009-01-01

189

20 CFR 229.53 - Reduction for social security benefits on employee's wage record.  

...ACT SOCIAL SECURITY OVERALL MINIMUM GUARANTEE Computation of the Overall Minimum Rate § 229.53 Reduction...security benefits on employee's wage record. The total annuity rate under the overall minimum is reduced, but not...

2014-04-01

190

Security Requirements for Social Networks in Web 2.0  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A social network is a structure of individuals or organizations, which are connected by one or more types of interdependency, such as friendship, affinity, common interests or knowledge. Social networks use now web 2.0 technology and the users may need to follow a series of restrictions or conditions to join or add contents. We look here at their context and threats, in order to ascertain their needs for security. We propose the use of patterns to specify these requirements in a precise way and we present two specific patterns. A pattern is an encapsulated solution to a software problem in a given context. We present here the Participation-Collaboration Pattern, which describes the functionality of the collaboration between users in applications and the Collaborative Tagging Pattern, which is useful to share content using keywords to tag bookmarks, photographs and other contents. We also discuss possible improvements to the current situation.

Fernandez, Eduardo B.; Marin, Carolina; Petrie, Maria M. Larrondo

191

Old age security and the defense of social norms.  

PubMed

This paper identifies various kinds of risk and uncertainty observable in rural areas of developing countries and explains the relative importance of those pertaining to disability and old age. It compares the modern system (based on old age pensions and social security) for mitigating or coping with these risks with the traditional intrafamilial support mechanisms. The paper concludes that, when the traditional system is functioning smoothly, it can address these needs at far lower cost than the modern system. The efficiency and viability of the traditional system can be considerably enhanced by the presence of social norms, on the one hand, and of strategic instruments in the hands of household heads, on the other. Since both of these defenses are often undermined prematurely by modernizing influences, the paper identifies possible actions for avoiding or postponing the effects of such influences. PMID:24390301

Nugent, J B

1990-07-01

192

Blood Donor Locator Service--Social Security Administration. Final rules.  

PubMed

We are issuing these final regulations to govern the Blood Donor Locator Service, which we will establish and conduct, as required by section 8008 of the Technical and Miscellaneous Revenue Act of 1988 (Pub. L. 100-647). Under these regulations, we will furnish to participating States at their request the last known personal mailing address (residence or post office box) of blood donors whose blood donation shows that they are or may be infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) which causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome, if the State or an authorized blood donation facility has been unable to locate the donors. If our records or those of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) contain an adequate personal mailing address for the donor, we will provide it to the State so that the State or the blood donation facility can inform the donor that he or she may need medical care and treatment. PMID:10116070

1991-12-24

193

Asset Allocation and Risk Allocation: Can Social Security Improve Its Future Solvency Problem by Investing in Private Securities?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the economics of investing the central trust fund of Social Security in private securities. We note that switching from a policy of having the trust fund invest solely in special issue Treasury bonds to one where some of the portfolio holds common stocks amounts to an asset swap. Such an asset swap does not increase national saving,

Thomas E. MaCurdy; John B. Shoven

1999-01-01

194

Secure Personal Data Servers: a Vision Paper Tristan Allard*,**  

E-print Network

. It builds upon the emergence of new portable and secure devices combining the security of smart cards- administration procedures (scholarship folders, identity cards, social security covers, pension funds, income

195

29.01.03.M1.28 Information Resources Security Surveillance Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-print Network

. Definitions Audiovisual Surveillance - cameras or similar technology used to enhance security, safety29.01.03.M1.28 Information Resources ­ Security Surveillance Page 1 of 4 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 29.01.03.M1.28 Information Resources ­ Security Surveillance Approved April 13, 2010 Revised

196

LifeSocial.KOM: A secure and P2P-based solution for online social networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The phenomenon of online social networks reaches millions of users in the Internet nowadays. In these, users present themselves, their interests and their social links which they use to interact with other users. We present in this paper LifeSocial.KOM, a p2p-based platform for secure online social networks which provides the functionality of common online social networks in a totally distributed

Kalman Graffi; Christian Gross; Dominik Stingl; Daniel Hartung; Aleksandra Kovacevic; Ralf Steinmetz

2011-01-01

197

VisualSec: A Secure Message Delivery Scheme for Online Social Networks Based on Profile Images  

Microsoft Academic Search

With rapid growth of Online Social Networks (OSN), more and more users are attracted to share their personal information or even cooperate in business via OSN. Therefore, the issues of privacy and security in OSN become more important than ever. In this paper, we address the issue of securely delivering message through OSN. A secure message delivery scheme based on

Meng Ge; Kwok-yan Lam; Xiuqun Wang; Zhiguo Wan; Bin Jiang

2009-01-01

198

Social Navigation as a Model for Usable Security Paul DiGioia and Paul Dourish  

E-print Network

1 Social Navigation as a Model for Usable Security Paul DiGioia and Paul Dourish Donald Bren School } @ics.uci.edu ABSTRACT As interest in usable security spreads, the use of visual approaches in which of organizing visual displays of system action. Drawing on a previous study of security in the KaZaa peer

Dourish,Paul

199

Multilevel administrative structure and the distribution of social service expenditures: A Nebraska example  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the decade of the 1980s Nebraska restructured its social service (welfare) delivery system. Prior to the change, administrative responsibility for many social service programs was shared between the state and county governments. The restructuring brought the entire program under state administration. A primary reason for this policy change was to eliminate administrative inconsistencies evident in the decentralized structure. This

Richard V. Adkisson

1998-01-01

200

Design of cyber security awareness game utilizing a social media framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networking sites are a popular medium of interaction and communication. Social networking sites provide the ability to run applications and games to test users' knowledge. The popularity of social networks makes it an ideal tool through which awareness can be created on existing and emerging security threats. This paper proposes an interactive game hosted by social networking sites with

W. A. Labuschagne; I. Burke; N. Veerasamy; M. M. Eloff

2011-01-01

201

Reducing the Probability of False Positives in Malingering Detection of Social Security Disability Claimants  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Symptom Validity Scale (SVS) for low-functioning individuals (Chafetz, Abrahams, & Kohlmaier, 2007) employs embedded indicators within the Social Security Psychological Consultative Examination (PCE) to derive a score validated for malingering against two criterion tests: Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) and Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT). When any symptom validity test is used with Social Security claimants there is a

Michael Chafetz

2011-01-01

202

Economic Development and Social Security in Mexico, 1945-1985A Time-Series Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Debate persists about the relationship between economic development and the development of the welfare state in Third World countries. The expansion of social security in Mexico in the context of debt crisis presents a historical puzzle that challenges many theoretical expectations. In light of this puzzle, this study re-evaluates and compares the determinants of economic develop ment and social security

Ana-Maria Wahl

1994-01-01

203

How Social Security and Medicare Affect Retirement Behavior in a World of Incomplete Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an empirical analysis of how the U.S. Social Security and Medicare system affects the labor supply of older males in the presence of incomplete markets. The authors estimate a dynamic programming model of the joint labor supply and Social Security acceptance decision. The model is able to account for a wide variety of phenomena observed in the

John Rust; Christopher Phelan

1997-01-01

204

Demographics and the Political Sustainability of Pay-as-you-go Social Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

The net present value of costs and benefits from a pay-as-you-go social security system are negative for young people and positive for the elderly. If people all vote their financial self- interest, there will be a pivotal age such that those who are younger favor smaller social security benefits and those who are older will favor larger benefits. For persons

Theodore C. Bergstrom; John L. Hartman

2004-01-01

205

The impact of HIV/AIDS on social security contributions: The case of Zimbabwe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Significant early retirement from work due to HIV/AIDS-related illness is reducing the gainfully employed population and threatening the viability of the statutory social security schemes run by the National Social Security Authority in Zimbabwe. The economy has been in recession for a decade, with high inflation and significant job losses also impacting negatively on contributions to the National Pension and

Henry N. Chikova; Camillo F. Chinamasa

2007-01-01

206

Social Security Statistics Canada and Provinces 1970-71 to 1994-95  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Minister of Human Resources Development Canada has recently placed this report online. Organized by Province, the report contains annual data on expenditures and beneficiaries for a comprehensive set of income security and social services programs, over the 25-year period 1970-71 to 1994-95. Health and education expenditures are also included for computation of total social security expenditures.

1994-01-01

207

45 CFR 287.105 - What provisions of the Social Security Act govern the NEW Program?  

...provisions of the Social Security Act govern the NEW Program? 287.105 Section 287.105...SERVICES THE NATIVE EMPLOYMENT WORKS (NEW) PROGRAM Program Design and Operations...provisions of the Social Security Act govern the NEW Program? NEW Programs are subject...

2014-10-01

208

Optimal Retirement Portfolios: Social Security Personal Accounts in the Context of the Four Pillars  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States debate on Social Security reform is centered on the transition of the public pension system from a pure defined benefit plan to one that would include individual defined contribution accounts. Largely missing from the debate on personal accounts are analyses of potential interactions with other Social Security programmes and the aggregate shift in risk burdens concerning retirement

David P Richardson; Jason S Seligman

2005-01-01

209

Affirmative Action: Social Security Can Do More to Improve Blacks' Representation in Its Work Force. GAO Report to the Honorable Parren J. Mitchell, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Social Security Administration (SSA) is not complying with Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) program requirements according to a report by the General Accounting Office (GAO). It found that although the overall ratio of blacks employed at SSA headquarters increased from 1982 to 1985, underrepresentation of blacks--especially black…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

210

An era of change and reform in health and social security in Mexico.  

PubMed

As with many countries who try to provide their population with public health, social security programs and benefits, Mexico, for the past decade, has been striving in trying to allocate the proper means and solutions to the nation's medical and economic problems, with great difficulty. Being regarded as a developing country, many are the constraints affecting our financial and administrative attempted solutions (big internal and external debt, high inflation, unemployment, excess bureaucracy, constant mismanagement, overlapping health systems and in some spheres, even corruptions). In response to the above and in trying to maintain at least the current sustained level of care and attention built in the past through great effort and sacrifice by many, our country has taken the decision to search for new ways and solutions to promote change and public benefits. In a broad sense, this article then explains the transformation our health system is experiencing. PMID:10168386

Costo, P

1996-01-01

211

42 CFR 406.10 - Individual age 65 or over who is entitled to social security or railroad retirement benefits, or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...or who is eligible for social security benefits. 406.10 Section 406...or who is eligible for social security benefits. (a) Requirements...1) Entitled to monthly social security benefits under section 202 of...

2010-10-01

212

26 CFR 1.401(a)-15 - Requirement that plan benefits are not decreased on account of certain Social Security increases.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of any post-separation social security benefit increase effective after the...of any post-separation social security benefit increase effective after...of any post-separation social security benefit increase effective...

2010-04-01

213

77 FR 54646 - Social Security Acquiescence Ruling (AR) 12-1(8); Correction; Petersen v. Astrue, 633 F.3d 633...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)--Title II of the Social Security Act AGENCY...in the first column, correct the ``title'' to read: Social Security Acquiescence...Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP)--Title II of the Social Security Act....

2012-09-05

214

Social Security reform: evaluating current proposals. Latest results of the EBRI-SSASIM2 policy simulation model.  

PubMed

The present Social Security program has been shown to be financially unsustainable in the future without modification to the current program. The purpose of this Issue Brief, EBRI's fourth in a series on Social Security reform, is threefold: to illustrate new features of the EBRI-SSASIM2 policy simulation model not available in earlier EBRI publications, to expand quantitative analysis to specific proposals, and to evaluate the uncertainty involved in proposals that rely on equity investment. This analysis compares the Gregg/Breaux-Kolbe/Stenholm (GB-KS) and Moynihan/Kerrey proposals with three generic or "traditional" reforms: increasing taxes, reducing benefits, and/or increasing the retirement age. Both proposals would create individual accounts by "carving out" funds from current Social Security payroll taxes. This analysis also examines other proposed changes that would "add on" to existing Social Security funds through the use of general revenue transfers and/or investment in the equities market. President Clinton has proposed a general revenue transfer and the collective investment of some of the OASDI trust fund assets in equities. Reps. Archer and Shaw have proposed a general revenue tax credit to establish individual accounts that would be invested partially in the equities markets. When comparing Social Security reform proposals that would specifically alter benefit levels, the Moynihan/Kerrey bill compares quite favorably with the other proposals in both benefit levels and payback ratios, when individuals elect to use the individual account option. In contrast, the GB-KS bills do not compare quite as favorably for their benefit levels, but do compare favorably in terms of payback ratios. An important comparison in these bills is the administrative costs of managing the individual accounts, since benefits can be lowered by up to 23 percent when going from the assumed low to high administrative costs. Moreover, allowing individuals to decide whether to save the 2 percent of their OASDI taxable income or to receive higher takehome pay, as would be allowed in Moynihan/Kerrey, could lead to substantial differences in ultimate retirement income. Allowing for individual investment choices and using actual 401(k) participant allocation data, as opposed to an assumed average allocation for everyone, results in substantial differences in account balances. The Archer/Shaw approach mandates a 60 percent/40 percent equity/bond split specifically to avoid the variations in returns that arise from individual investment allocation decisions. Although there are greater chances for higher returns for equity investment in the president's proposal, there are also greater chances for worse outcomes. This is also true for other reforms that would invest Social Security assets in equities. PMID:10539447

Copeland, C; VanDerhei, J; Salisbury, D L

1999-06-01

215

Administrator Highlights U.S.-Georgian Nuclear Security Cooperation in Tbilisi  

ScienceCinema

NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino highlighted the strong U.S.-Georgian cooperation on nuclear security issues during a day-long visit to the Republic of Georgia in mid-June. He briefed the media at availability at the Tbilisi airport. In April 2009, President Obama outlined an ambitious agenda to secure vulnerable nuclear material around the world within four years, calling the danger of a terrorist acquiring nuclear weapons "the most immediate and extreme threat to global security." In this year's State of the Union, he called the threat of nuclear weapons, "the greatest danger to the American people." In order to meet that challenge, the President's FY2011 Budget Request includes close to $2.7 billion for the National Nuclear Security Administration's Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation program -- an increase of 25.7 percent over FY2010. Included in that request is NNSA's Second Line of Defense (SLD) program, which works around the world to strengthen the capability of foreign governments to deter, detect, and interdict illicit trafficking in nuclear and other radioactive materials across international borders and through the global maritime shipping system.

Thomas D'Agostino

2010-09-01

216

26 CFR 32.1 - Social security taxes with respect to payments on account of sickness or accident disability.  

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Social security taxes with respect...L. 97-123) § 32.1 Social security taxes with respect...which is expended for medical care as described in section 105...is not subject to income or social security taxes on the...

2014-04-01

217

20 CFR 229.54 - Reduction for social security benefit paid to employee on another person's earnings record.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Reduction for social security benefit paid to employee on another...229.54 Reduction for social security benefit paid to employee on another...zero, by the amount of any social security benefit being paid to the...

2010-04-01

218

Dare Public School Administrators Build a New Social Order?: Social Justice and the Possibly Perilous Politics of Educational Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to discuss how public school administrators with a social justice perspective have an obligation to permeate society beyond their schools and how they might address the perilous politics associated with advocating social change. Using George Counts' landmark 1932 speech, Dare the School Build a New Social Order? as the…

Lugg, Catherine A.; Shoho, Alan R.

2006-01-01

219

Exploiting vulnerability to secure user privacy on a social networking site  

Microsoft Academic Search

As (one's) social network expands, a user's privacy protection goes beyond his privacy settings and becomes a social networking problem. In this research, we aim to address some critical issues related to privacy protection: Would the highest privacy settings guarantee a secure protection? Given the open nature of social networking sites, is it possible to manage one's privacy protection? With

Pritam Gundecha; Geoffrey Barbier; Huan Liu

2011-01-01

220

The Americans with Disabilities Act: A Decision Tree for Social Services Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act has had a profound influence on social workers and social services administrators in virtually all work settings. Because of the multiple elements of the act, however, assessing the validity of claims can be a somewhat arduous and complicated task. This article provides a "decision tree" for administrators

O'Brien, Gerald V.; Ellegood, Christina

2005-01-01

221

PROCEDURES FOR OBTAINING A SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER FOR NON-IMMIGRANT FACULTY (NON-RESIDENT ALIENS)  

E-print Network

PROCEDURES FOR OBTAINING A SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER FOR NON- IMMIGRANT FACULTY (NON-RESIDENT ALIENS a receipt, or a letter confirming that application was made but immigration status could not be verified

Sura, Philip

222

38 CFR 3.201 - Exchange of evidence; Social Security and Department of Veterans Affairs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01...evidence; Social Security and Department of Veterans Affairs. 3.201 Section 3.201 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS...

2012-07-01

223

38 CFR 3.201 - Exchange of evidence; Social Security and Department of Veterans Affairs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01...evidence; Social Security and Department of Veterans Affairs. 3.201 Section 3.201 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS...

2011-07-01

224

28 CFR 802.23 - Use and disclosure of social security numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...January 1, 1975, if such disclosure was required under statute...individual. (c) Requests for disclosure of social security number...individual whether: (1) Disclosure is mandatory or voluntary. (2) By what...

2010-07-01

225

31 CFR 1.32 - Use and disclosure of social security numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...January 1, 1975, if such disclosure was required under statute...individual. (c) Requests for disclosure of social security number...individual whether: (1) Disclosure is mandatory or voluntary. (2) By what...

2010-07-01

226

28 CFR 802.23 - Use and disclosure of social security numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...January 1, 1975, if such disclosure was required under statute...individual. (c) Requests for disclosure of social security number...individual whether: (1) Disclosure is mandatory or voluntary. (2) By what...

2011-07-01

227

31 CFR 1.32 - Use and disclosure of social security numbers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...January 1, 1975, if such disclosure was required under statute...individual. (c) Requests for disclosure of social security number...individual whether: (1) Disclosure is mandatory or voluntary. (2) By what...

2011-07-01

228

Social Security and the Retirement and Savings Behavior of Low Income Households1  

PubMed Central

In this paper, we develop and estimate a model of retirement and savings incorporating limited borrowing, stochastic wage offers, health status and survival, social security benefits, Medicare and employer provided health insurance coverage, and intentional bequests. The model is estimated on sample of relatively poor households from the first three waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), for whom we would expect social security income to be of particular importance. The estimated model is used to simulate the responses to changes in social security rules, including changes in benefit levels, in the payroll tax, in the social security earnings tax and in early and normal retirement ages. Welfare and budget consequences are estimated. PMID:21566719

van der Klaauw, Wilbert; Wolpin, Kenneth I.

2011-01-01

229

SUBJECT: Effective Date: Policy Number: Collection and Use of Social Security  

E-print Network

as required for the performance of the university's duties and responsibilities and to secure this information are the key to accessing the UCF computer network, the internet, the library, and other cyber information. PIDSUBJECT: Effective Date: Policy Number: Collection and Use of Social Security Numbers 12-15-2010 4

Glebov, Leon

230

Outcomes After Initial Receipt of Social Security Benefits Among Homeless Veterans With Mental Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study examined the relationship between receiving dis- ability payments and changes in health status, community adjustment, and subjective quality of life. Methods: The study evaluated outcomes among homeless mentally ill veterans who applied for Social Security Disability Insurance or Supplemental Security Income through a spe- cial outreach program. Veterans who were awarded benefits were com- pared with those

Robert A. Rosenheck; David J. Dausey; Linda Frisman

2000-01-01

231

Privacy and Security in Multi-modal User Interface Modeling for Social Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses privacy and security issues regarding the modeling of multi-modal user interfaces for social media applications. The proposed approach describes how privacy and security concerns are modeled from the user interface perspective, and how this model is related to a four layer conceptual framework for developing multi-modal and multi platform user interfaces. The approach also explains how to

Mohamed Bourimi; Ricardo Tesoriero; Pedro G. Villanueva; Fatih Karatas; Philipp Schwarte

2011-01-01

232

Privacy and Security in Multi-modal User Interface Modeling for SocialMedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses privacy and security issues regarding the modeling of multi-modal user interfaces for social media applications. The proposed approach describes how privacy and security concerns are modeled from the user interface perspective, and how this model is related to a four layer conceptual framework for developing multi-modal and multi platform user interfaces. The approach also explains how to

M. Bourimi; Ricardo Tesoriero; P. G. Villanueva; F. Karatas; P. Schwarte

2011-01-01

233

75 FR 1271 - Technical Revisions to the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Regulations on Income and Resources  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Technical Revisions to the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Regulations on Income and Resources AGENCY: Social Security Administration...SUMMARY: We are amending our Supplemental Security Income (SSI) regulations by making technical...

2010-01-11

234

Demographics and the Political Sustainability of Pay-as-you-go Social Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

The net present value of costs and benefits from a pay-as-you-go social security system are negative for young people and positive for the elderly. If people all vote their financial self-interest, there will be a pivotal age such that those who are younger favor smaller social security benefits and those who are older will favor larger benefits. For persons of

Theodore C. Bergstrom; John L. Hartman

2005-01-01

235

20 CFR 404.1361 - Federal benefit payable other than by Veterans Administration.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...1361 Section 404.1361 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS...the Uniformed Services Effect of Other Benefits on Payment of Social Security Benefits and Payments § 404.1361...

2010-04-01

236

Infusing Aging and Public Policy Content into Gerontology Courses: Collaborative Learning Methods To Teach about Social Security and Medicare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes modules on Social Security and Medicare for gerontology policy courses. Discusses collaborative exercises in which students explore Internet resources on Social Security and health care finance, identity major concerns about reforms, and enact scenarios about retirees with varying degrees of income and health care security. (Contains 33…

Cianciolo, Patricia K.; Henderson, Tammy L.

2003-01-01

237

[Axel Ström--pioneer of social medicine and administrator].  

PubMed

Dr Axel Strøm (1901-85), professor in the University of Oslo from 1940 to 1970, was a leader in Norwegian medicine in the latter half of the 20th century. He qualified in 1926 and in 1936 gained a doctorate with a dissertation on the toxin production of the Corynebacterium diphtheriae. His first appointment as a professor was in hygiene. In 1951 he moved on to public health, a field that he pioneered in Norway and the other Scandinavian countries. As a professor during the German occupation of Norway in the Second World War, he joined the university's resistance against the Nazi authorities' attempts at taking control. When the war was over he became deeply involved in research on the impact of war on health. At a time when the study of the impact of lifestyle factors was still in its infancy, he suggested that the war-induced reduction in dietary fat consumption might be the cause of observed lower cardiovascular mortality. Of more practical importance were the studies he initiated of the mainly psychological late-onset effects of traumas suffered by prisoners in German camps, seamen, soldiers and other exposed groups. In this area, too, he was an early explorer, of what has come to be known as post-traumatic stress disorder. His efforts led to improved war pension entitlements for the victims. Over the years, exposed groups became his major professional interest as a public health specialist. In his academic work, dr Strøm also pioneered medical ethics, care for the elderly, legislation on abortion, and the rapidly expanding field of the medical basis for social security benefits. As a practising physician he was in the vanguard of occupational medicine and other kinds of preventive medicine. What brought him most recognition was, however, his leading role over many years in the Norwegian Medical Association and in the University of Oslo. He served as chairman of the Junior Hospital Doctors Association, president of the Norwegian Medical Association and chairman of the Federation of Norwegian Professional Associations. He was elected dean of the Faculty of Medicine and vice-rector of the University of Oslo, in addition to a host of other expert assignments and official roles: He was renowned for his hard work and exerted great influence in many quarters. PMID:11851299

Sundby, Per

2002-01-10

238

Can Social Security Explain Trends in Labor Force Participation of Older Men in the United States?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a long decline, the Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) of older men in the United States leveled off in the 1980s, and began to increase in the late 1990s. We examine how changes in Social Security rules affected these trends. We attribute only a small portion of the decline from the 1960s-80s to the increasing generosity of Social

Blau, David M.; Goodstein, Ryan M.

2010-01-01

239

HealthShare: Achieving secure and privacy-preserving health information sharing through health social networks  

E-print Network

with the acquaintances that the user trusts and needs to communicate with. A patient may have a need to share either good c l e i n f o Article history: Available online xxxx Keywords: Health social networks Attribute As the ever-increasing demand for a secure and efficient health- care communication, health social networks

Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

240

Social Climate within Secure Inpatient Services for People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The social climate of inpatient facilities is thought to be an important contributor to treatment outcome. However, little research has focused on this construct within secure forensic services for people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the social climate of two different…

Langdon, P. E.; Swift, A.; Budd, R.

2006-01-01

241

The security, clinical and social needs of patients in high security psychiatric hospitals in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies have indicated that between one and two thirds of patients in the high security psychiatric hospitals (HSPHs) could be transferred to lower security. The aim of this study was to measure the individual and placement needs of all patients in the three HSPHs in England. In total 1255 patients were assessed using staggered census dates. Five hundred (40%)

Mari-Anne Harty; Jenny Shaw; Stuart Thomas; Mairead Dolan; Lisa Davies; Graham Thornicroft; Julie Carlisle; Mauricio Moreno; Morven Leese; Louis Appleby; Peter Jones

2004-01-01

242

Will Outsourcing IT Security Lead to a Higher Social Level of Security?  

Microsoft Academic Search

More firms outsource information technology (IT) security activities each year, as they determine that they can achieve cost savings or a higher level of security at the same cost. However, despite the estimated benefits, many firms still fail to see a clear positive net benefit from their (private) perspective, given the risks and costs involved. This paper investigates the positive

Brent R. Rowe

243

Reflections of a social work administrator on the opportunities of crisis.  

PubMed

The administration approach described focuses on what staff can do rather than what they cannot do. It is the primary task of administration to bring out whatever strength a social worker possesses and to use each staff member's strength to help other social workers to improve their performance and to grow. The text of administrative achievement is not conformance but performance. The focus of administration must be on opportunities. The organization must be inculcated from the top with the habit of achievement. Social work management must set high standards of performance for itself that are related to the accomplishment of organizational objectives and not the needs of administrators. The administrative track record will include mistakes and failures. The better social work manager will make more mistakes because more new things will be tried. It is an administrative imperative to plan for crises, to make the unanticipated anticipated. The social work director, as architect, using a systems approach, can prepare for crisis and develop long-range plans for the social work program. Dr. Bennett states it well: As scientists and as professional people we would all do well to examine our roles, our motives, our faults, our policies, our prides and our prejudices in the broad context of our evolving society. If we look searchingly, we may finally arrive at a new viewpoint which will enable us to be pragmatic without sacrificing ideals, and hopefully, more humble without sacrificing pride (Bennett, 1978). PMID:7195609

Nacman, M

1980-01-01

244

The impact of rehabilitation and counseling services on the labor market activity of Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) beneficiaries.  

PubMed

We use data from a social experiment to estimate the impact of a rehabilitation and counseling program on the labor market activity of newly entitled Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) beneficiaries. Our results indicate that the program led to a 4.6 percentage point increase in the receipt of employment services within the first year following random assignment and a 5.1 percentage point increase in participation in the Social Security Administration's Ticket to Work program within the first three years following random assignment. The program led to a 5.3 percentage point increase, or almost 50 percent increase, in employment, and an $831 increase in annual earnings in the second calendar year after the calendar year of random assignment. The employment and earnings impacts are smaller and not statistically significant in the third calendar year following random assignment, and we describe SSDI rules that are consistent with this finding. Our findings indicate that disability reform proposals focusing on restoring the work capacity of people with disabilities can increase the disability employment rate. PMID:24988653

Weathers, Robert R; Bailey, Michelle Stegman

2014-01-01

245

Homeland security data mining using social network analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The tragic events of September 11th have caused drastic effects on many aspects of society. Academics in the fields of computational and information science have been called upon to help enhance the governmentpsilas ability to fight terrorism and other crimes. Keeping in mind the special characteristics of crimes and security-related data, data mining techniques can contribute in six areas of

Hsinchun Chen

2008-01-01

246

20 CFR 418.3005 - Purpose and administration of the program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...418.3005 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION MEDICARE SUBSIDIES...Introduction, General Provisions, and Definitions § 418.3005 Purpose and administration...Department of Health and Human Services has responsibility for administration of the Medicare...

2010-04-01

247

20 CFR 498.202 - Hearing before an administrative law judge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...administrative law judge. 498.202 Section 498.202 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES, ASSESSMENTS AND RECOMMENDED EXCLUSIONS § 498.202 Hearing before an administrative law judge. (a)...

2010-04-01

248

20 CFR 404.955 - The effect of an administrative law judge's decision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...404.955 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determinations, Administrative Review Process, and Reopening of Determinations and Decisions Administrative Law...

2010-04-01

249

Educational administrators' conceptions of whiteness, anti-racism and social justice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the intersections of whiteness, anti-racism and social justice in educational administration. It is an attempt to understand how white administrators who work in racially minoritized school communities reconcile the moral challenges of articulations of racial equity with the hierarchical institutions of schooling. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This qualitative study asks ten white

Brenda McMahon

2007-01-01

250

Bounding the Effects of Social Experiments: Accounting for Attrition in Administrative Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Social experiments frequently exploit data from administrative records. However, most administrative data systems are designed to track earnings or benefit payments among residents within a single state. When an experimental participant moves across state lines, his entries in the data system of his state of origin consist entirely of…

Grogger, Jeffrey

2012-01-01

251

Review of Child Care Services Provided Under Title IV, Social Security Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on child care services is based on: (1) a review of program administration at the central and regional offices of the Social and Rehabilitation Service and the Office of Child Development, and (2) a review of selected child care providers in nine states. The program and fiscal management at each administrative level were evaluated,…

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC. HEW Audit Agency.

252

Predicting preschoolers’ attachment security from parenting behaviours, parents’ attachment relationships and their use of social support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Associations between preschoolers’ attachment security, parenting behaviours (i.e. parent–child involvement, parenting consistency and co?parenting consistency) and parenting context (i.e. parents’ internal working models (IWMs) and use of social support) were examined in a sample of 235 culturally diverse families. The authors predicted that parenting behaviours would mediate associations between children’s attachment security and less proximal parenting context. Mothers and fathers

Diana D. Coyl; Lisa A. Newland; Harry Freeman

2010-01-01

253

Social security reform in the twenty-first century: the United States.  

PubMed

The paper reviews the history of the Social Security system in the United States in the twentieth century and discusses options for the twenty-first. Because of the steady aging of the U.S. population and the impending retirement of the large baby boom cohort, the Social Security program now is in long-term actuarial deficit. The standard twentieth century approach to this actuarial deficit would be to raise payroll taxes enough to pay for anticipated future benefit increases, but for several reasons that approach may not be so popular this time around. The author's preferred approach is a gradual trimming of long-term benefit growth, plus "add on" individual accounts to provide new saving, for the economy and for the retirement system. The paper also criticizes proposals for Social Security reform made by President Clinton and a committee appointed by President Bush, generally because these proposals do not provide enough new saving. PMID:12503330

Gramlich, Edward M

2002-01-01

254

National Nuclear Security Administration Nonproliferation Graduate Fellowship Program Annual Report in Brief: October 2007 - May 2008  

SciTech Connect

This abbreviated Annual Report covers program activities of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Nonproliferation Graduate Fellowship Program (NGFP) from October 2007 through May 2008--the timeframe between the last Annual Report (which covered activities through September 2007) and the next report (which will begin with June 2008 activities). In that timeframe, the NGFP continued building a solid foundation as the program began reaping the benefits of recently implemented changes. This report is organized by Fellowship class and the pertinent program activities for each, including: October 2007 Recruiting events and final applications (Class of 2008) Winter 2007 Selection and hiring (Class of 2008) Spring 2008 Career development roundtables (Class of 2007) Orientation planning (Class of 2008) Recruitment planning and university outreach (Class of 2009) May 2008 Closing ceremony (Class of 2007)

Berkman, Clarissa O.; Fankhauser, Jana G.; Sandusky, Jessica A.

2009-05-01

255

Annual Security Report Clery Act | WSU Tri-Cities Administration Page 1 of 24 http://www.tricity.wsu.edu/safetyplan/pdf/wsutc-annual-security-report-009-28-2012.pdf 9/28/2012  

E-print Network

Annual Security Report ­ Clery Act | WSU Tri-Cities Administration Page 1 of 24 http://www.tricity.wsu.edu/safetyplan/pdf/wsutc-annual-security-report-009-28-2012.pdf 9/28/2012 Annual Security Report - Clery Act WSU Tri-Cities Annual Security Report Tri-Cities Emergency Management at (509) 372-7163. WSU Tri-Cities Annual Security Report ­ Clery Act

Collins, Gary S.

256

Introduction to Social Psychology: Administrative Manual [And] Student Manual [And] Unit Study Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning package is a three-semester-hour, independent-study course in social psychology designed for postsecondary, external degree students. Keyed to the commercially published textbook "Social Psychology: Explorations in Understanding" (Del Mar, CA: CRM, 1974), the package consists of an administrator manual, a student manual, and a…

Rankin, Robert E.

257

Social Justice: The Missing Link in School Administrators' Perspectives on Teacher Induction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical scholars view schooling as one piece of a larger struggle for democracy and social justice. We investigated 41 school administrators' perceptions about the role and importance of equity, diversity and social justice in new teacher induction in the province of Ontario. Interviews reveal that principals were interested in shaping teacher…

Pinto, Laura Elizabeth; Portelli, John P.; Rottmann, Cindy; Pashby, Karen; Barrett, Sarah Elizabeth; Mujuwamariya, Donatille

2012-01-01

258

Ethical and Social Values in Business Administration and Management Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this research was to analyze the impact of the learning process in business administration and management of students' values, through the application of factor analysis to the information obtained in a survey consisting of students in the first and fifth year of studies. The study derived the following conclusions: First,…

Ruiz-Lozano, Mercedes; de los Rios-Bergillos, Araceli; Tirado-Valencia, Pilar; Millan-Lara, Salud

2012-01-01

259

Using Agents to Secure the Internet Marketplace Reactive Security and Social Control  

E-print Network

in how the open, decentralized way Internet is built, and in what we think an Internet market will be like. This paper discusses our approach to address security issues in such an open market and how our an infrastructure for an open market as described above is the MarketSpace project at SICS[4]. MarketSpace uses

260

Using Agents to Secure the Internet Marketplace Reactive Security and Social Control  

E-print Network

the open, decentralized way Internet is built, and in what we think an Internet market will be like. This paper discusses our approach to address security issues in such an open market and how our previous work for an open market as described above is the MarketSpace project at SICS 4 . MarketSpace uses traditional WWW

Janson, Sverker

261

Program Management at the National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Defense Nuclear Security: A Review of Program Management Documents and Underlying Processes  

SciTech Connect

The scope of this paper is to review the National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Defense Nuclear Security (DNS) program management documents and to examine the underlying processes. The purpose is to identify recommendations for improvement and to influence the rewrite of the DNS Program Management Plan (PMP) and the documentation supporting it. As a part of this process, over 40 documents required by DNS or its stakeholders were reviewed. In addition, approximately 12 other documents produced outside of DNS and its stakeholders were reviewed in an effort to identify best practices. The complete list of documents reviewed is provided as an attachment to this paper.

Madden, Michael S.

2010-05-01

262

Guidelines for development of NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) computer security training programs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The report presents guidance for the NASA Computer Security Program Manager and the NASA Center Computer Security Officials as they develop training requirements and implement computer security training programs. NASA audiences are categorized based on the computer security knowledge required to accomplish identified job functions. Training requirements, in terms of training subject areas, are presented for both computer security program management personnel and computer resource providers and users. Sources of computer security training are identified.

Tompkins, F. G.

1983-01-01

263

Administrative Leadership as Projection, Social Control, and Action.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past 50 years, theoretical and methodological problems have plagued the study of leadership. This paper, proposing an alternative theory, argues that leadership has three fundamental components: projection and social control, which are linked by action. Projection is the visualization of a project to be completed. Educational…

Reed, Donald B.

264

Early Intervention and Administration: Bridging the Gap for Social Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Encourages early-intervention practitioners to recognize the benefits of applying management concepts to the field of social work. A five-function model of management is presented that includes the concepts of planning, organizing, staffing, leadership, and control. Case studies illustrate relevance of the five-function model for improving…

Shore, Elissa A.; Shore, Harvey H.

1999-01-01

265

Possible Research Topics for CAP6135 Term Project (there are much more...) 1. Social network security and privacy  

E-print Network

real botnet, peer-to-peer botnet) 4. Cloud computing security and privacy a. Virtual machine security. Anonymity a. Privacy-preserving data sharing b. Attacks against various anonymity protocols and systems c security and privacy a. Social network based malware, such as previously appeared malware Boonana, Samy

Zou, Cliff C.

266

Threat construction in the Bush administration's post-9\\/11 foreign policy: (critical) security implications for Southeast Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Bush Administration's ‘war on terror’ was both a set of policies as well as a powerful security narrative that informed the way that threat was understood and constructed post-9\\/11. This idea is explored specifically with regard to how the articulation of threat in the ‘war on terror’ informed American relations with Southeast Asia, which in turn had active consequences

Jennifer Mustapha

2011-01-01

267

Ethnicizing Poverty through Social Security Provision in Rural Hungary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural poverty has become an increasingly ethnicised category for the majority society in contemporary Hungary. The article aims to explore the process and practice of social exclusion and ethnicisation in relation to mutual effects of post-socialist welfare restructuring and changing discourse on poverty in the post-socialist rural reality. The…

Schwarcz, Gyongyi

2012-01-01

268

Political economy of social security with endogenous preferences  

E-print Network

intended to understand why the young (working people), who are more numerous, can be in favor of social provides di erent answers to this question (Galasso and Profeta, 2002). First, young people may bene t from between economic policy and preferences when both are endogenous. Economic policy results from a vote

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

269

Social Security Mechanism(System): Theories, Design and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Living through hunger and physical hardship from infancy to premature old age; living through economic shifts that close factories and strip currency of its value in an instant; living through social turmoil, political upheaval, and war; through it all, poor men and women in communities around the world keep coming back to their deep longing for a better future for

Godwin Nwaobi

2008-01-01

270

The Social Structure of a National Securities Market.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Behavior by traders in the stock options market is not governed strictly by economic criteria. Trading among participants exhibited distinct social structural patterns that dramatically affected the direction and magnitude of price changes. Findings are discussed in relationship to microeconomic theory, and implications for public policy are…

Baker, Wayne E.

1984-01-01

271

The Effect of Social Security on Working Couples 1 Introduction  

E-print Network

,SocialSecurityismuchlessgeneroustowomenwhoearn wages and pay taxes than it is to married women who remain outside the labor market. A woman can earn to Work. The decision to enter the labor market and earn a wage has a number of economic consequences-at-homewoman,theircombinedincometaxburdentypicallyfalls(the marriage bonus). Conversely, when two wage earners marry -- as is often the casetoday

Spence, Harlan Ernest

272

Oral health status in older adults with social security in Mexico City: Latent class analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective: To explore the oral health status through a latent class analysis in elderly social security beneficiaries from Southwest Mexico City. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study of beneficiaries of the State Employee Social Security and Social Services Institute (ISSSTE, in Spanish) and the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS, in Spanish) aged 60 years or older. Oral health conditions such as edentulism, coronal and root caries (DMFT and DFT ? 75 percentile), clinical attachment loss (? 4 mm), and healthy teeth (? 25 percentile) were determined. A latent class analysis (LCA) was performed to classify the oral health status of dentate patients. Results: In total, 336 patients were included (47.9% from the ISSSTE and 52.1% from the IMSS), with an average age of 74.4 (SD = 7.1) years. The 75th percentile of the DMFT = 23 and of the DFT = 2. Of the patients, 77.9% had periodontal disease. The 25th percentile of healthy teeth = 4. A three class model is adequate, with a high classification quality (Entropy = 0.915). The patients were classified as “Edentulous” (15.2%), “Class 1 = Unfavorable” (13.7%), “Class 2 = Somewhat favorable” (10.4%), and “Class 3 = Favorable” (60.7%). Using “Class 3 = Favorable” as a reference, there was an association (OR = 3.4; 95% CI = 1.8-6.4) between being edentulous and being 75 years of age and over, compared with the 60- to 74-year age group. Conclusion: The oral health in elderly social security beneficiaries is not optimal. The probability of becoming edentulous increases with age. A three-class model appropriately classifies the oral health dimensions in the elderly population. Key words:Elderly, Latent class analysis (LCA), oral health, social security, Mexico. PMID:24596632

Heredia-Ponce, Erika; Cruz-Hervert, Pablo; Juarez-Cedillo, Teresa; Cardenas-Bahena, Angel; Garcia-Pena, Carmen

2014-01-01

273

Earnings Sharing in the U.S. Social Security System: A Microsimulation Analysis of Future Female Retirees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: As part of an ongoing effort to analyze the distributional implications of potential policy reforms to the U.S. Social Security system, we consider the widely discussed reform of earnings sharing. Such an approach has been viewed as a way to "update" Social Security's family benefits based on marital status and as a means to make the…

Iams, Howard M.; Reznik, Gayle L.; Tamborini, Christopher R.

2010-01-01

274

Proceedings of Student-Faculty Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, May 6th Forensics Tools for Social Network Security  

E-print Network

designed to protect the users of a Social Networking Site from security threats with a particular focus requests were sent massively. As a result, two networks of friends were created and access was granted Tools for Social Network Security Vishal Almeida, Andrew Karnbad, Palak Shah, and Steve Kim Seidenberg

Tappert, Charles

275

3 CFR 8546 - Proclamation 8546 of August 13, 2010. 75th Anniversary of the Social Security Act  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Social Security ActBy the President of the United States of America A Proclamation...Roosevelt signed into law the Social Security Act to...of a job and against poverty-ridden old age.” Our Nation was entrenched in the Great...

2011-01-01

276

Borrowing to Save: A Critique of Recent Proposals to Partially Privatize Social Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concern over Social Security's forecasted long-run deficit is occurring at a time when the program has a short-term surplus. One proposed strategy to address this forecasted deficit is to allow the investment of a portion of payroll taxes into private savings accounts (PSAs). The author analyzes recent proposals for PSAs and concludes that PSAs…

Dattalo, Patrick

2007-01-01

277

Changes in Life-Cycle Earnings: What Do Social Security Data Show?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A matched sample of Social Security and Current Population Survey records is used to determine life-cycle earnings patterns of White males. Estimated effects of schooling and experience compare well with other studies, but interaction effects with cohort do not. Military experience plays a powerful role in earnings differences across cohorts.…

Rosen, Sherwin; Taubman, Paul

1982-01-01

278

Predicting Preschoolers' Attachment Security from Parenting Behaviours, Parents' Attachment Relationships and Their Use of Social Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Associations between preschoolers' attachment security, parenting behaviours (i.e. parent-child involvement, parenting consistency and co-parenting consistency) and parenting context (i.e. parents' internal working models (IWMs) and use of social support) were examined in a sample of 235 culturally diverse families. The authors predicted that…

Coyl, Diana D.; Newland, Lisa A.; Freeman, Harry

2010-01-01

279

Discontinuing Social Security: Reallocating Employer Funds to Improve Employer Fringe Benefit Plans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Texarkana (Texas) Community College and Texarkana Independent School District left the federal Social Security System (SSS) and reallocated SSS funds to a self-administered fringe benefit program, while also returning employees' SSS contributions to them intact. Several safeguards for Texas employees were already in place through the Texas Teacher…

Marsee, Jeffrey A.

280

Returning Social Security Beneficiaries to the Work Force: A Proactive Disability Management Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used multidisciplinary disability management model to assist Social Security Disability Insurance beneficiaries to return to work. The model, which emphasized multidisciplinary disability management, marketing and public relations, work incentives training, networking, and job-seeking skills training, facilitated 27 job placements out of the 107…

Shrey, Donald E.; And Others

1991-01-01

281

AARP Online Portrayal of Social Security: Engaging Aging Baby Boomers through Interaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although baby boomers were not the sole focus of the American Association of Retired Persons' (AARP) website content on the issue of Social Security reform, their interests were addressed in a variety of ways. AARP provided information, position statements, a live chat forum, and message boards. Additionally, AARP had a partnership with the Rock…

Hilt, Michael L.; Lipschultz, Jeremy H.

2006-01-01

282

Social security survivors benefits: the effects of reproductive pathways and intestacy law on attitudes.  

PubMed

Most minor children are eligible for Social Security survivors benefits if a wage-earning parent dies, but eligibility of children not in utero at the time of death is more nuanced. The purpose of this study was to examine attitudes concerning access to Social Security survivors benefits in the context of posthumous reproduction. A probability sample of 540 Florida households responded to a multiple-segment factorial vignette designed to examine the effects of state intestacy laws and five reproductive pathways - normative, posthumous birth, cryopreserved embryo, cryopreserved gametes, and posthumous gamete retrieval - on attitudes toward eligibility for the Social Security survivors benefits. Broad support was found for the survivors benefits following normative and posthumous birth pathways, but attitudes were decidedly less favorable when the child was not in utero at the time of parental death. In addition, in stark contrast to the recent U.S. Supreme Court decision in Astrue v. Capato, the vast majority of respondents did not believe state intestacy laws should determine eligibility for Social Security survivors benefits. PMID:23802901

Hans, Jason D; Gillen, Martie

2013-01-01

283

Reforming a Breadwinner Welfare State: Gender, Race, Class, and Social Security Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A key challenge facing western welfare states is that they offset income risks faced by those in breadwinner families. Social Security is an excellent example. It best protects individuals with lengthy work histories or individuals who get married, stay married, and are never employed. Most women fit neither model. Thus, I analyze "women-friendly"…

Herd, Pamela

2005-01-01

284

The impact of cost of living and population changes on the social security system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social security system offers an interesting challenge to modelers. It is probably the only program in the government sector that is essentially a closed system since revenues must equal receipts if the system is to remain self-financed. Furthermore, the program is now tied to changes in the Consumer Price Index (CPI)and average wages rather than to the convenience of

Lawrence C. Marsh; Meredith Scovill

1977-01-01

285

Predicting Preschoolers' Attachment Security from Fathers' Involvement, Internal Working Models, and Use of Social Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Associations between preschoolers' attachment security, fathers' involvement (i.e. parenting behaviors and consistency) and fathering context (i.e. fathers' internal working models (IWMs) and use of social support) were examined in a subsample of 102 fathers, taken from a larger sample of 235 culturally diverse US families. The authors predicted…

Newland, Lisa A.; Coyl, Diana D.; Freeman, Harry

2008-01-01

286

Should the Social Security Trust Fund Hold Equities? An Intergenerational Welfare Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a stochastic economy with overlapping generations, fiscal policy affects the allocation of aggregate risks. The paper shows how to compute the welfare effects of marginal policy changes that shift risk across cohorts, in general and for an application to social security equity investments. I estimate the relevant correlations between macroeconomic shocks and equity returns from 1874–1996 U.S. data, calibrate

Henning Bohn

1999-01-01

287

Estimating the Labor Market Impact of Voluntary Military Service Using Social Security Data on Military Applicants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses Social Security data on the earnings of military applicants to the all-volunteer forces to compare the earnings of Armed Forces veterans with the earnings of military applicants who did not enlist. Matching, regression, and Instrumental Variables (IV) estimates are presented. The matching and regression estimates control for most of the characteristics used by the military to select

Joshua D. Angrist

1995-01-01

288

Shifting Sands? Citizens' National Identities and Pride in Social Security in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the use of public policy to construct a Canadian identity has been established in the literature, what is less well understood is whether national identity, once established, might shape Canadians' feelings about these same public policies. This article examines the extent to which citizens' national identities influence their pride in Canada's social security system, and how this relationship may

Tracey Raney; Loleen Berdahl

2011-01-01

289

Income Distribution and Social Security in an OECD Perspective Koen Caminada and Kees Goudswaard  

E-print Network

.l.j.caminada@law.leidenuniv.nl k.p.goudswaard@law.leidenuniv.nl Leiden University Public Finance Department P.O. Box 9521, 2300 RA of Economics at Public Finance Section, Law School, Leiden University, the Netherlands. Research areas: social Security at Public Finance Section, Law School, Leiden University, the Netherlands, and Crown

Galis, Frietson

290

Social Security: The Challenge of Financing the Baby-Boom's Retirement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares and contrasts the two visions of Social Security's future. Its object is to give readers the background they need to understand the arguments made by the two sides, and thus to follow the debate that promises to enfold at the national level in the next few years -- first perhaps in the confines of a presidential commission

Walter M. Cadette

1997-01-01

291

SSA Disability: Other Programs May Provide Lessons for Improving Return-to-Work Efforts. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Social Security, Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report compares the Social Security Administration's Disability Insurance (DI) program and the practices of the private sector and other countries in helping people with severe disabilities return to work. Information was gathered in in-depth interviews and a review of policy documents and program data at three private sector disability…

Bovbjerg, Barbara D.

292

78 FR 57058 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Approval of Lending Institutions and Mortgagees: Streamlined...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...housing, Mortgage insurance, Penalties, Pets, Public housing, Rent subsidies, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Social security, Unemployment compensation, Wages. 24 CFR Part 202 Administrative practice and procedure, Home...

2013-09-17

293

The Reformulation of Emotional Security Theory: The Role of Children's Social Defense in Developmental Psychopathology  

PubMed Central

Although children’s security in the context of the interparental relationship has been identified as a key explanatory mechanism in pathways between family discord and child psychopathology, little is known about the inner workings of emotional security as a goal system. Accordingly, the objective of this paper is to describe how our reformulation of emotional security theory (EST-R) within an ethological and evolutionary framework may advance the characterization of the architecture and operation of emotional security and, in the process, cultivate sustainable growing points in developmental psychopathology. The first section of the paper describes how children’s security in the interparental relationship is organized around a distinctive behavioral system designed to defend against interpersonal threat. Building on this evolutionary foundation for emotional security, the paper offers an innovative taxonomy for identifying qualitatively different ways children try to preserve their security and its innovative implications for more precisely informing understanding of the mechanisms in pathways between family and developmental precursors and children’s trajectories of mental health. In the final section, the paper highlights the potential of EST-R to stimulate new generations of research on understanding how children defend against social threats in ecologies beyond the interparental dyad, including both familial and extrafamilial settings. PMID:24342849

Davies, Patrick T.; Martin, Meredith J.

2014-01-01

294

Social security reform in Latin America: policy challenges.  

PubMed

Over the last decade Latin American countries have served as the world's laboratory for pension systems based on individual retirement savings accounts. Some countries have adopted defined-contribution individual accounts as a replacement for state-run pension systems; other countries have embraced mixed systems of have made individual accounts optional and supplementary. This article outlines some of the most significant elements of recent Latin American pension reforms and examines some of the most serious policy challenges faced by governments implementing the new systems of individual accounts, including the need to reduce administrative costs, limit evasion, incorporate new categories of workers into the system, and improve competition in the pension fund industry. The authors conclude that there is no single Latin America model, and that reform itself has been and will continue to be an incremental process. PMID:12503326

Kay, Stephen J; Kritzer, Barbara E

2002-01-01

295

Social Validation of Evidence-Based Practices in Autism by Parents, Teachers, and Administrators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relatively little attention has been devoted to the social validation of potentially effective autism interventions. Thus,\\u000a it is often difficult to identify and implement evidence-based practices, and programming is often inadequate. The authors\\u000a identified autism intervention components with reported effectiveness for school settings. The results of a social validation\\u000a survey completed by parents, teachers, and administrators indicate strong, consistent support

Kevin Callahan; Robin K. Henson; Angela K. Cowan

2008-01-01

296

Social costs of icatibant self-administration vs. health professional-administration in the treatment of hereditary angioedema in Spain  

PubMed Central

Background Icatibant is the only subcutaneous treatment for acute Type I and Type II hereditary angioedema with C1-esterase inhibitor deficiency (HAE-C1-INH) licensed for self-administration in Europe. Aim To compare the economic impact of two icatibant administration strategies: health professional-administration only (strategy 1) versus including the patient self-administration option (strategy 2). Methods Economic evaluation model based on the building of a decision tree. Both strategies are assumed to have equivalent effectiveness. The payer (Spanish National Health System) and the social perspectives were considered. All relevant cost-generating factors were taken into account. The time horizon was one year. Sources of information included scientific evidence, official data and experts’ opinion. A deterministic sensitivity analysis was carried out to quantify the underlying uncertainty in the model. Results From the social perspective, which considers both direct (health care costs) and indirect costs (productivity losses), strategy 2 would result into average savings of €121.30 per acute attack compared to strategy 1. For Spain, this would achieve in an annual savings of €551,371. The reduction in direct costs accounts for 74% of the savings and lower indirect costs account for the remaining 26%. Savings per acute attack may range from €79.50 to €169.80; accordingly, the annual savings in Spain may vary between €90,319 and €2,315,360. Conclusion Costs related to the management of acute HAE attacks with C1 inhibitor deficiency may be substantially reduced through interventions targeting home treatment by training patients to self-administer icatibant. PMID:23398817

2013-01-01

297

MAINTAINING HIGH RESOLUTION MASS SPECTROMETRY CAPABILITIES FOR NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMINISTRATION APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has a specialized need for analyzing low mass gas species at very high resolutions. The currently preferred analytical method is electromagnetic sector mass spectrometry. This method allows the NNSA Nuclear Security Enterprise (NSE) to resolve species of similar masses down to acceptable minimum detection limits (MDLs). Some examples of these similar masses are helium-4/deuterium and carbon monoxide/nitrogen. Through the 1980s and 1990s, there were two vendors who supplied and supported these instruments. However, with declining procurements and down turns in the economy, the supply of instruments, service and spare parts from these vendors has become less available, and in some cases, nonexistent. The largest NSE user of this capability is the Savannah River Site (SRS), located near Aiken, South Carolina. The Research and Development Engineering (R&DE) Group in the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) investigated the areas of instrument support that were needed to extend the life cycle of these aging instruments. Their conclusions, as to the focus areas of electromagnetic sector mass spectrometers to address, in order of priority, were electronics, software and hardware. Over the past 3-5 years, the R&DE Group has designed state of the art electronics and software that will allow high resolution legacy mass spectrometers, critical to the NNSA mission, to be operated for the foreseeable future. The funding support for this effort has been from several sources, including the SRS Defense Programs, NNSA Readiness Campaign, Pantex Plant and Sandia National Laboratory. To date, electronics systems have been upgraded on one development system at SRNL, two production systems at Pantex and one production system at Sandia National Laboratory. An NSE working group meets periodically to review strategies going forward. The R&DE Group has also applied their work to the electronics for a Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometer (TIMS) instrument, which applies a similar mass spectrometric technology for resolving high mass isotopes, such as plutonium and uranium. Due to non-compete clauses for DOE, all work has been performed and applied to instruments which are obsolete and are no longer supported by the original vendor.

Wyrick, S.; Cordaro, J.; Reeves, G.; Mcintosh, J.; Mauldin, C.; Tietze, K.; Varble, D.

2011-06-06

298

Personal, Social, and Organizational Factors that Influence Black Female Athletic Administrators' Identity Negotiation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to examine factors that influence how Black female athletic administrators negotiate their personal identity. Negotiation of identities is not only about what people say and do, but where and when they do it, as well as with whom they do it. Thus, it is important to identify social, personal, and organizational…

McDowell, Jacqueline; Cunningham, George B.

2009-01-01

299

Making Microcredit Work in the United States: Social, Financial, and Administrative Dimensions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microcredit has gained increasing attention over the past decade as a tool for spurring grassroots entrepreneurship in the United States. Although some prominent microcredit programs have reportedly demonstrated positive economic effects on microloan recipients, many others have suffered from various social, financial, and administrative challenges. The authors examine these challenges by drawing on existing studies and their own in-depth analysis

Nitin Bhatt; Shui-Yan Tang

2001-01-01

300

Acute SSRI Administration Affects the Processing of Social Cues in Healthy Volunteers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enhancement of serotonin neurotransmission plays an important role in the antidepressant response to agents presently available to treat depression. This response forms the major evidence for the role of serotonin in affective and social behaviour in humans. The present study investigated the effects of acute administration of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSR1), citalopram (10 mg, i.v.) upon a measure

C J Harmer; Z Bhagwagar; D I Perrett; B A Völlm; P J Cowen; G M Goodwin; CJ Harmar

2003-01-01

301

Administrators' Conference on Secondary Social Science. Follow-Up Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of an administrators' workshop, participants responded to a questionnaire dealing with knowledge and awareness of the new social studies. One year later a followup questionnaire assessed recent activities toward knowledge, awareness, and implementation. A comparison of results on the questionnaires for the extent of use of five national…

Herlihy, John G.; Inkpen, Thomas

302

75 FR 54285 - Improvements to the Supplemental Security Income Program-Heroes Earnings Assistance and Relief...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Heroes Earnings Assistance and Relief Tax Act of 2008 (HEART Act) AGENCY: Social Security Administration. ACTION...Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program made by the HEART Act. The HEART Act changes the way we treat certain cash payments...

2010-09-07

303

Nuclear Materials Management U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA\\/NSO)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In light of the changing Defense Complex mission, the high cost to storing and protecting nuclear materials, and in consideration of scarcity of resources, it is imperative that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) owned nuclear materials are managed effectively.;\\u000aThe U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Strategic Action Plan outlines the strategy for continuing to meet

Jesse Schrieber

2008-01-01

304

Social security reform in Central and Eastern Europe: variations on a Latin American theme.  

PubMed

After Chile reformed its social security system in 1981, several other Latin American countries and certain Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries implemented the Chilean model, with some variations: either a single- or multitier system, or with a period of transition to take care of those in the labor force at the time of the change. The single-tier version consists of individual accounts in pension fund management companies. Multi-tier systems retain some form of public program and add mandatory individual accounts. Most of the CEE countries did not want to incur the high transition costs associated with the Chilean model. The switch to a market economy had already strained their economies. Also, the countries' desire to adopt the European Union's Euro as their currency--a move that required a specific debt ceiling--limited the amount of additional debt they could incur. This article describes the CEE reforms and makes some comparisons with the Latin American experience. Most of the CEE countries have chosen a mixed system and have restructured the pay-as-you-go (PAYGO) tier, while the Latin American countries have both single- and multi-tier systems. Some CEE countries have set up notional defined contribution (NDC) schemes for the PAYGO tier in which each insured person has a hypothetical account made up of all contributions during his or her working life. Survivors and disability programs in CEE have remained in the public tier, but in most of the Latin American programs the insured must purchase a separate insurance policy. Issues common to both regions include: Administrative costs are high and competition is keen, which has led to consolidation and mergers among the companies and a large market share controlled by a few companies. Benefits are proportionately lower for women than for men. A large, informal sector is not covered by social security. This sector is apparently much larger in Latin America than in the CEE countries. Issues that are unique to some of the CEE countries include: Individual accounts in Hungary and Poland have proved more attractive than originally anticipated. As a result, contributions to the public PAYGO system in Hungary and Poland fell short of expectations. In several countries, laws setting up the programs were enacted without all the details of providing benefits. For example, in some countries laws must now be drawn up for establishment of annuities because they do not yet exist. Setting up a coherent pension policy has been difficult in some countries because of frequent and significant changes in government. This situation has affected the progress of reform in various stages of development. In general, a definitive assessment of individual accounts in these countries will not be possible until a cohort of retirees has spent most of its career under the new system. PMID:12822190

Kritzer, B E

305

Lifetime earnings patterns, the distribution of future Social Security benefits, and the impact of pension reform.  

PubMed

In order to assess the effect of Social Security reform on current and future workers, it is essential to accurately characterize the initial situations of representative workers affected by reform. For the purpose of analyzing typical reforms, the most important characteristic of a worker is the level and pattern of his or her preretirement earnings. Under the current system, pensions are determined largely by the level of the workers' earnings averaged over their work life. However, several reform proposals would create individual retirement accounts for which the pension would depend on the investment accumulation within the account. Thus, the pension would also depend on the timing of the contributions into the account and hence on the exact shape of the worker's lifetime earnings profile. Most analysis of the distributional impact of reform has focused, however, on calculating benefit changes among a handful of hypothetical workers whose relative earnings are constant over their work life. The earnings levels are not necessarily chosen to represent the situations of workers who have typical or truly representative earnings patterns. Consequently, the results of such analysis can be misleading, especially if reform involves introducing a fundamentally new kind of pension formula. This article presents two broad approaches to creating representative earnings profiles for policy evaluation. First, we use standard econometric methods to predict future earnings for a representative sample of workers drawn from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). Our statistical estimates are based on a simple representation of typical career earnings paths and a fixed-effect statistical specification. Because our estimation file contains information on each worker's annual earnings from 1951 through 1996 as reported in the Social Security Administration's earnings files, we have a record (though an incomplete one) of the actual earnings that will be used to determine future benefit payments. Our estimates of the earnings function permit us to make highly differentiated predictions of future earnings for each member of our sample. By combining the historical information on individual earnings with our prediction of future earnings up through the normal retirement age, our first approach produces tens of thousands of predicted career earnings paths that can be used in microsimulation policy analysis. Our second approach to creating lifetime earnings profiles is similar in some ways to the traditional method. For example, it is based on the creation of only a handful of "stylized" career earnings patterns. An important difference with the traditional method, however, is that we define the career earnings patterns so that they are truly representative of patterns observed in the workforce. We use simple mathematical formulas to characterize each stylized earnings pattern, and we then produce estimates of the average path of annual earnings for workers whose career earning path falls within each of the stylized patterns we have defined. Finally, we calculate the percentage of workers in successive birth-year cohorts who have earnings profiles that match each of the stylized earnings patterns. Although this method may seem simple, it allows the analyst to create stylized earnings patterns that are widely varied but still representative of earnings patterns observed among sizable groups of U.S. workers. The effects of policy reforms can then be calculated for workers with each of the stylized earnings patterns. Our analysis of U.S. lifetime earnings patterns and of the impact of selected policy reforms produces a number of findings about past trends in earnings, typical earnings patterns in the population, and the potential impact of reform. The analysis focuses on men and women born between 1931 and 1960. Along with earlier analysts, we find that men earn substantially higher lifetime wages than women and typically attain their peak career earnings at a somewhat earlier age. However, the difference in career earnin

Bosworth, B; Burtless, G; Steuerle, E

2000-01-01

306

[Disability due to mental illness: social security benefits in Brazil 2008-2011].  

PubMed

This communication aimed to analyze the profile variation of disability benefits due to mental disorders. Secondary data published by Brazilian Social Security between 2008 and 2011 were evaluated. Mean annual variation rates over the period were calculated for the economically active population, as were the number insured, paid out overall sickness benefits and for mental and behavioral disorders. Mental disorders are the third most common reason for disability benefits. There was an average annual increase of 0.3% in new benefit claims, with a 2.5% fall in mean annual incidence. Work-related disease was identified in 6.2% of cases, most of it due to mood disorders. The government should use the data from the Social Security Institute to support a debate of public policies regarding mental health. PMID:24789650

Silva Junior, João Silvestre da; Fischer, Frida Marina

2014-02-01

307

Contracting-out in the United Kingdom: a partnership between social security and private pension plans.  

PubMed

Contracting-out was introduced in the United Kingdom in 1978 as part of the arrangements for the State Earnings-Related Pension Scheme (SERPS) in order to avoid duplication with the existing well-developed defined benefit occupational pension plan sector. Members and sponsors of contracted-out schemes were able to save on their social security contributions in recognition of the fact that they were accruing equivalent benefits through an occupational pension plan. Later on this concept was extended to those with individual money purchase pension plans. This article considers a brief history of contracting-out, the principles of contracting-out, some problems associated with contracting-out, the implications of the introduction of stakeholder pensions and State Second Pension, and the latest rebate review and rebate orders. It examines how U.K. pensions policy since 1978 has been based on a partnership between social security and private pension plans. PMID:12503327

Daykin, Chris

2002-01-01

308

The sensitivity of proposed Social Security benefit formula changes to lifetime earnings definitions.  

PubMed

Several Social Security proposals have included benefit formula changes that apply to earners above a specified percentage of the combined male and female (unisex) lifetime earnings distribution. The unisex distribution is an average of two disparate groups with large lifetime differences in labor market participation. This study finds that if Social Security's median unisex average indexed monthly earnings (AIME) amount is used to define an earnings threshold below which benefits will be held roughly unreduced, the percentage of fully insured men subject to benefit reductions (70 percent) exceeds the unisex estimate of the population subject to benefit reductions (50 percent) by 20 percentage points. If policymakers wish to adjust future benefits and focus benefit reductions on middle or high primary or full-time wage earners in a household, the male, rather than unisex, AIME would come closer to achieving such a goal. PMID:22799135

Waldron, Hilary

2012-01-01

309

Repeated intranasal oxytocin administration in early life dysregulates the HPA axis and alters social behavior.  

PubMed

Agonistic interactions are a powerful stressor. Conversely, positive social interactions can reduce the adverse effects of social stress. This possibly occurs through the action of oxytocin (OT), a neuropeptide able to reduce activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. We hypothesized that repeated OT intranasal administration to neonatal pigs could provide long-lasting protective effects against social stress. In each of six litters, two pigs per litter received 0.5 mL of saline containing 24 IU (or 50 ?g) of OT intranasally and two control littermates received 0.5 mL of saline as a control at 1, 2 and 3 days of age. Contrary to our predictions, when socially mixed after weaning at 17 days of age, neonatally OT-administered pigs received more aggressive interactions and performed more aggressive interactions in return, showed greater locomotion, spent less time in social contact, and had greater cortisol concentrations than control pigs. When this social mixing was repeated at 8 weeks of age, OT pigs still performed more aggressive interactions and had greater adrenocorticotropic hormone concentrations than control pigs. A dexamethasone suppression test and corticotropic releasing hormone administration challenge at 11 weeks of age revealed that OT pigs were less responsive to dexamethasone than control pigs, suggesting a deficient HPA axis' negative feedback control. Postnatal repeated OT administration altered social behavior and resulted in a long-term dysregulation of the HPA axis. These findings highlight the complex, fine-tuning of the neurobiological mechanisms regulating the development of social behavior and suggest caution in the application of neonatal peptide treatments during early development. PMID:23481917

Rault, Jean-Loup; Carter, C Sue; Garner, Joseph P; Marchant-Forde, Jeremy N; Richert, Brian T; Lay, Donald C

2013-03-15

310

Discrepancy among Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Social Security, and functional disability measurement  

E-print Network

Disability Measurement 1 Discrepancy among Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Social Security, and functional disability measurement By Jean P. Hall, PhD, Noelle K. Kurth, MS, and Emily C. Fall, MA Division of Adult Studies, University... have disabilities (5), while the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), through the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), place disability prevalence for adults 18 and older at 20% (6). Public health officials typically use...

Hall, Jean P.; Kurth, Noelle K.; Fall, Emily C.

2012-01-01

311

Government debt and social security in a life-cycle economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a tractable overlapping generations model that is useful for analyzing both the short- and long-run impact of fiscal pol- icy and social security. It modifies the Blanchard (1985)\\/Weil (1987) framework to allow for life-cycle behavior. This is accomplished by in- troducing random transition from work to retirement, and then from retirement to death. The transition probabilities may

Mark Gertler

1999-01-01

312

Expanding Health Insurance Coverage for Children Under Title XXI of the Social Security Act  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has recently released this new report. Expanding Health Insurance Coverage for Children Under Title XXI of the Social Security Act, looks at how states are responding to the creation of the State Children's Health Insurance Program, and estimates how many children may have gained health insurance coverage under the program. The report also provides estimates of uninsured children and the goals of policy makers for expanding coverage.

Office., United S.

1998-01-01

313

Source: K. Caminada and K.P. Goudswaard (2010), `How well is social expenditure targeted to the poor?, in: P. Saunders and R. Sainsbury (eds.), Social Security, Poverty and Social Exclusion in Rich and  

E-print Network

to the poor?, in: P. Saunders and R. Sainsbury (eds.), Social Security, Poverty and Social Exclusion in Rich. 97-112. HOW WELL IS SOCIAL EXPENDITURE TARGETED TO THE POOR? KOEN CAMINADA Leiden Law School-mail: c.l.j.caminada@law.leidenuniv.nl Professor of Empirical analysis of tax and social policy KEES

Galis, Frietson

314

Capitalism, Corporate Liberalism and Social Policy: The Origins of the Social Security Act of 1935  

E-print Network

which defined problems and their solutions in terms ofputting the maintenance of capitalism above the needs ofindividual workers. This framework set the limits of the, social insurance debates long before the act itself was written. The thesis...

Brents, Barbara G.

1984-01-01

315

Social Security Numbers: Internet Resellers Provide Few Full SSNs, but Congress Should Consider Enacting Standards for Truncating SSNs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

GAO previously reported on how large information resellers like consumer reporting agencies obtain and use Social Security numbers (SSNs). Less is known about information resellers that offer services to the general public over the Internet. Because these...

2006-01-01

316

Secure Military Social Networking and Rapid Sensemaking in Domain Specific Concept Systems: Research Issues and Future Solutions  

E-print Network

This paper identifies the need for a secure military social networking site and the underlying research issues linked to the successful development of such sites. The paper further proposes a solution to the most basic ...

Garside, Debbie

317

Developing a virtualization platform for courses in networking, systems administration and cyber security education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students studying topics in cyber security benefit from working with realistic training labs that test their knowledge of network security. Cost, space, time, and reproducibility are major factors that prevent instructors from building realistic networks for their students. This paper explores the ways that existing virtualization technologies could be packaged to provide a more accessible, comprehensive, and realistic training and

Kyle E. Stewart; Jeffrey W. Humphries; Todd R. Andel

2009-01-01

318

NCAA Division I Student-Athlete and Athletic Administrator Perceptions of Social Support in the Athletic Department at One University in the Northwestern United States.  

E-print Network

??Student-athletes' and athletic administrators' perceptions of available and accessible social support in the athletic department are explored. Interviews were conducted with three athletic administrators whose… (more)

Rothberg, Ami Lynn

2011-01-01

319

Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration  

E-print Network

, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL ­ Breakthroughs generated using MODFLOW · Infer ­ Weights, ci, of KL modes; , the size of GP used to generate

Ray, Jaideep

320

Canadian Council on Social Development (CCSD): Advancing Economic and Social Security for all Canadians  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The CCSD is a nonprofit organization that has committed itself to advancing social programs and policies in Canada since its inception in 1920. More recently, the CCSD has focused on research and analysis of social and economic trends in Canada, and this site features the fruit of these labors. The core of the site for researchers is its collection of documents and statistics. Users will find CCSD news briefings, reports, and policy statements, the publication catalog, and tables of contents and selected articles from the organization's quarterly journal, Perception. In the Statistics section the CCSD has made available a number of frequently updated tables on Poverty Lines, Poverty Rates, Welfare, and Income in Canada. Other features of the site include a guide to researching at the organization's Centre for International Statistics and links to the Canadian Social Planning Network (CSPN) and the Social Indicators Site. The highlight of the latter is a Social Indicators Launchpad, which directs users to a number of relevant online documents and studies.

1997-01-01

321

[The SGB IX, book 9 of the German social code, in the development of social security law].  

PubMed

The SGB IX is the legal basis of rehabilitation in Germany since 2001. It is embedded in the codification of the German social code, the Sozialgesetzbuch (SGB). There it has an intermediate function between the general social law and the special laws of the social insurance and social security institutions. Rehabilitation in Germany is working in a system of several different institutions with different legal roots. In special these are compensation of damages caused by employment accident and war and the avoidance of disability benefits by rehabilitation and activation. Inequality of treatment of disabled people according to the cause of their disability and to their employment status are accepted less; common principles of rehabilitation are being searched. Important reforms of rehabilitation law have taken place in 1974 and 1975. Since then problems have become visible in implementation and in the coordination of the complex system. SGB IX is a new effort for a general rehabilitation law. Open questions remain in handling the relations between rehabilitation and sickness treatment, long term care and prevention. Important are the newly defined terms for participation (Teilhabe) and disability (Behinderung), which build the linkage of SGB IX with constitutional law and with the health sciences. A weak point is still the relation of disability and age. Political attempts for unequal benefits in health insurance endanger the now reached level of rehabilitation law. PMID:12168151

Welti, F

2002-08-01

322

77 FR 26774 - Homeland Security Advisory Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration on threats to airport security, receive observations and remarks...Security Administration's (TSA) airport security. Basis for Partial-Closure...Security Administration's (TSA) airport security program that will include...

2012-05-07

323

Peer Influences on Drug Self-Administration: An Econometric Analysis in Socially Housed Rats  

PubMed Central

Social-learning theories of substance use propose that members of peer groups influence the drug use of other members by selectively modeling, reinforcing, and punishing either abstinence-related or drug-related behaviors. The objective of the present study was to examine social influences on cocaine self-administration in isolated and socially housed rats, with the caveat that the socially housed rats were tested simultaneously with their partner in the same chamber. To this end, male rats were obtained at weaning and housed in isolated or pair-housed conditions for 6 weeks. Rats were then implanted with intravenous catheters and cocaine self-administration was examined in custom-built operant conditioning chambers that allowed two rats to be tested simultaneously. For some socially housed subjects, both rats had simultaneous access to cocaine; for others, only one rat of the pair had access to cocaine. An econometric analysis was applied to the data, and the reinforcing strength of cocaine was measured by examining consumption (i.e., quantity demanded) and elasticity of demand as a function of price, which was manipulated by varying the dose and ratio requirements on a fixed ratio schedule of reinforcement. Cocaine consumption decreased as a function of price in all groups. Elasticity of demand did not vary across groups, but consumption was significantly lower in socially housed rats paired with a rat without access to cocaine. These data suggest that the presence of an abstaining peer decreases the reinforcing strength of cocaine, thus supporting the development of social interventions in drug abuse prevention and treatment programs. PMID:23412112

Peitz, Geoffrey W.; Strickland, Justin C.; Pitts, Elizabeth G.; Foley, Mark; Tonidandel, Scott; Smith, Mark A.

2013-01-01

324

Proceedings of Student-Faculty Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, May 8th Forensics Tools for Social Network Security Solutions  

E-print Network

, test results, and future goals. The Social Network Site security issues are: [4] Corporate Espionage, or by other person contacting via Virtual Meeting, for example chatting. This paper covers methodologies used and help minimize or prevent crimes related to social networks. 3. Methodology The methods used

Tappert, Charles

325

Disability and Adult Life: Dependence on Social Security among Former Students with Special Educational Needs in Their Late Twenties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, by Jon Olav Myklebust from Volda University, Norway, presents analyses of social security dependence among students with special educational needs in Norway who at the start of upper secondary school had various disabilities--of a somatic, psychological and/or social nature. They were all educated in ordinary schools, in special or…

Myklebust, Jon Olav

2013-01-01

326

The effects of financial markets and social security on saving and fertility behaviour in Italy.  

PubMed

"This paper outlines the relevant theory and presents some empirical evidence on the effects of capital market developments and social security coverage on fertility and saving behaviour in Italy.... The data examined appear to lend support to the hypothesis that saving and fertility are jointly determined. They also show that the availability and attractiveness of market-based or state-provided alternatives to the family as a provider of old-age support significantly and systematically affect the saving and reproductive decisions of individuals." The data cover the period 1931-1987. PMID:12285683

Cigno, A; Rosati, F C

1992-11-01

327

Social Impact Statements: Engaging Public Participation in Information Technology Design  

E-print Network

everyday lives. Banks, airlines, motor vehicle administrations, police departments, Social Security fundamental principles. Examples from our work with the Maryland Department of Juvenile Justice are offered, 1954; Sterling, 1974). Many analystsbelieve the social repercussions of computers may be as potent

Shneiderman, Ben

328

Rehabilitation in Germany: new challenges of a structured social security scheme.  

PubMed

The structured social security scheme established in Germany is clearly reflected in the configuration of the German rehabilitation system. For medical rehabilitation the institutions of statutory pension insurance and statutory health insurance are of particular importance. Within the past decades differentiated supply structures were built up and re-built within the rehabilitation system. As a consequence, insured parties receive different rehabilitation benefits depending on which insurance is responsible. This article outlines central elements of the German rehabilitation supply structure as well as the numerous rehabilitation forms and benefits. Moreover, perspectives of a recently passed law of rehabilitation and the participation of handicapped people (SGB IX) (SGB=social law), which forces insurers into increased co-operation and restructuring, are presented. PMID:15167105

Vogel, Heiner; Zdrahal-Urbanek, Julia

2004-06-01

329

Administration  

Cancer.gov

Overview The Cancer Genomics Research Laboratory (CGR) Administrative team is responsible for the support of all staff and operational requirements for the laboratory.  With approximately 50 staff members to support this team covers a wide breadth of

330

Global Maize Trade and Food Security: Implications from a Social Network Model  

PubMed Central

In this study, we developed a social network model of the global trade of maize: one of the most important food, feed, and industrial crops worldwide, and critical to food security. We used this model to analyze patterns of maize trade among nations, and to determine where vulnerabilities in food security might arise if maize availability were decreased due to factors such as diversion to non-food uses, climatic factors, or plant diseases. Using data on imports and exports from the United Nations Commodity Trade Statistics Database for each year from 2000 to 2009 inclusive, we summarized statistics on volumes of maize trade between pairs of nations for 217 nations. There is evidence of market segregation among clusters of nations; with three prominent clusters representing Europe, Brazil and Argentina, and the United States. The United States is by far the largest exporter of maize worldwide, while Japan and the Republic of Korea are the largest maize importers. In particular, the star-shaped cluster of the network that represents US maize trade to other nations indicates the potential for food security risks because of the lack of trade these other nations conduct with other maize exporters. If a scenario arose in which US maize could not be exported in as large quantities, maize supplies in many nations could be jeopardized. We discuss this in the context of recent maize ethanol production and its attendant impacts on food prices elsewhere worldwide. PMID:23656551

Wu, Felicia; Guclu, Hasan

2013-01-01

331

Securing TCP/IP and Dial-up Access to Administrative Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes Arizona State University's solution to security risk inherent in general access systems such as TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/INTERNET Protocol). Advantages and disadvantages of various options are compared, and the process of selecting a log-on authentication approach involving generation of a different password at…

Conrad, L. Dean

1992-01-01

332

Domain-Based Administration of Identity-Based Cryptosystems for Secure Email and IPSEC  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective widespread deployment of cryptographic tech- nologies such as secure email and IPsec has been ham- pered by the difficulties involved in establishing a large scale public key infrastructure, or PKI. Identity-based cryptography (IBC) can be used to ameliorate some of this problem. However, current approaches to using IBC for email or IPsec require a global, trusted key distribu- tion

D. K. Smetters; Glenn Durfee

2003-01-01

333

Chronic administration of AFQ056/Mavoglurant restores social behaviour in Fmr1 knockout mice.  

PubMed

Fragile X syndrome is caused by lack of FMR1 protein (FMRP) leading to severe symptoms, including intellectual disability, hyperactivity and autistic-like behaviour. FMRP is an RNA binding protein involved in the regulation of translation of specific target mRNAs upon stimulation of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) at the synapse. The absence of FMRP leads to enhanced activity of mGluR5 signal transduction pathways. Many conflicting results have been reported regarding social behaviour deficits in Fmr1 knockout mice, and little is known about the involvement of mGluR5 pathways on social behaviour. In this study, a three-chambered task was used to determine sociability and preference for social novelty in Fmr1 knockout mice. Disruption of Fmr1 functioning resulted in enhanced interaction with stranger mouse during sociability while no significant changes were observed during preference for social novelty assay. Chronic administration of a specific mGluR5 antagonist, AFQ056/Mavoglurant, was able to restore sociability behaviour of Fmr1 knockout mice to levels of wild type littermates. These results support the importance of mGluR5 signalling pathways on social interaction behaviour and that AFQ056/Mavoglurant might be useful as potential therapeutic intervention to rescue various behavioural aspects of the fragile X phenotype. PMID:23142366

Gantois, Ilse; Pop, Andreea S; de Esch, Celine E F; Buijsen, Ronald A M; Pooters, Tine; Gomez-Mancilla, Baltazar; Gasparini, Fabrizio; Oostra, Ben A; D'Hooge, Rudi; Willemsen, Rob

2013-02-15

334

Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anytime, anywhere, learning provides opportunities to create digital learning environments for new teaching styles and personalized learning. As part of making sure the program is effective, the safety and security of students and assets are essential--and mandated by law. The Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA) addresses Internet content…

Technology & Learning, 2008

2008-01-01

335

20 CFR 404.957 - Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an administrative law judge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determinations...limitations (including any lack of facility with the English language) which you may have. (c) The administrative law judge...

2012-04-01

336

20 CFR 404.957 - Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an administrative law judge.  

...Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determinations...limitations (including any lack of facility with the English language) which you may have. (c) The administrative law judge...

2014-04-01

337

20 CFR 404.957 - Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an administrative law judge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determinations...limitations (including any lack of facility with the English language) which you may have. (c) The administrative law judge...

2010-04-01

338

20 CFR 404.957 - Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an administrative law judge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determinations...limitations (including any lack of facility with the English language) which you may have. (c) The administrative law judge...

2013-04-01

339

20 CFR 404.957 - Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an administrative law judge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determinations...limitations (including any lack of facility with the English language) which you may have. (c) The administrative law judge...

2011-04-01

340

Social Media Policy on Campus: A Case Study of the Development and Implementation of a Social Media Policy for University Administrators, Faculty, and Staff  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This single-site qualitative study sought to address the challenges associated with the growing use of social media by university administrators, faculty, and staff (Wandel, 2007) through a case study analysis of a university with a social media policy for university employees. The study describes the development and implementation of a university…

Garber, Michelle Brooks

2011-01-01

341

Looking for the Women in Baron and Taylor's (1969) "Educational Administration and the Social Sciences"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A search for women in Baron and Taylor's (1969) "Educational administration and the social sciences" [London: The Athlone Press] using feminist poststructural discourse analysis (FPDA) has revealed a changing discourse about gendered educational administration over the course of 50 years. Whilst few women are featured in the text…

Fuller, Kay

2014-01-01

342

Birth of a Field: George Baron, Educational Administration and the Social Sciences in England, 1946-1978  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Educational administration and the social sciences", the landmark text coedited by Baron and Taylor in 1969, represented the study of educational administration as an applied interdisciplinary field. George Baron's own academic career reveals the struggles involved in the construction of this new field and the resistance and…

McCulloch, Gary

2014-01-01

343

Evaluation of Problem-Based Learning as a Method for Teaching Social Work Administration: A Content Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A social work administration class that used a problem-based learning approach was evaluated using text analysis of students' reflection papers. In the class project, students worked with a group of individuals who don't have homes to develop a formal organization. The text analysis yielded seven themes related to student learning: ethics, administration concepts, myself, application versus theory, structure, difficult details,

Bruce D. Hartsell; Aubrey J. Parker

2008-01-01

344

Annual Security Report Clery Act | WSU Tri-Cities Administration Page 1 of 18 http://www.tricity.wsu.edu/safetyplan/pdf/wsutc2013securityreport.pdf 9/27/2013  

E-print Network

Annual Security Report ­ Clery Act | WSU Tri-Cities Administration Page 1 of 18 http://www.tricity.wsu.edu/safetyplan/pdf/wsutc2013securityreport.pdf 9/27/2013 Annual Security Report - Clery Act WSU Tri-Cities Annual Security Tri-Cities Emergency Management at (509) 372-7163. WSU Tri-Cities Annual Security Report ­ Clery Act

Collins, Gary S.

345

Environmental security as related to scale mismatches of disturbance patterns in a panarchy of social-ecological landscapes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental security, as the opposite of environmental fragility (vulnerability), is multilayered, multi-scale and complex,\\u000a existing in both the objective realm of biophysics and society, and the subjective realm of individual human perception. For\\u000a ecological risk assessments (ERAs), the relevant objects of environmental security are social-ecological landscapes (SELs).\\u000a ERAs, in this case, are less precise than traditional ERAs, but provide results

Giovanni Zurlini; Nicola Zaccarelli; Irene Petrosillo; Riitters H. Kurt

346

7 CFR 1944.666 - Administrative activities and policies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...reasonable administrative costs such as workers' compensation, liability insurance, and the employer's share of Social Security and health benefits. Payments to private retirement funds are permitted if the grantee already has such a fund...

2010-01-01

347

Delaware Student Testing Program: State Summary Report--Science & Social Studies, Fall 2000 Administration. Grades 4 & 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains the results from the first administration of the fourth and sixth grade science and social studies portions of the Delaware Student Testing Program (DSTP). As such, they are an important part of the state's efforts to educate all students to a higher level. Science and social studies data for grades 4 and 6 are summarized…

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover. Assessment and Accountability Branch.

348

Delaware Student Testing Program: State Summary Report--Science & Social Studies, Spring 2000 Administration. Grades 8 & 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains the results from the first administration of the 8th and 11th grade science and social studies portions of the Delaware Student Testing Program (DSTP). As such, they are an important part of the state's efforts to educate all students to a higher level. Science and social studies data for grades 8 and 11 are summarized here;…

Delaware State Dept. of Education, Dover. Assessment and Accountability Branch.

349

Measuring Pre-Service Master's of School Administrator's Candidates' Social Capital as a Predictor of Culturally Responsive Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study measured Pre-Service Masters of School Administrators' candidates' social capital as a predictor of culturally responsive leadership. The purpose of this research was to examine the relationship between the MSA Pre-service candidates' social capital and their propensity to become culturally responsive leaders. The 23 participants in…

Taliaferro, Alisa; Seigler, Timothy

2012-01-01

350

The United States Drug Enforcement Administration: Pertaining to Public Safety and Homeland Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the efforts of the United States Drug Enforcement Administration, United States Government, Armed Forces, and other law enforcement agencies, illegal drug uses continues to be a major issue. The direct connection between illicit drugs and terrorism, specifically in Afghanistan, poses a major threat to America along with the effects these drugs have on public health. In order to continue

Benjamin Martin Ogden

2012-01-01

351

A Reality Check on the Quest for Tenure Security and Land Administration in Ethiopia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) is the new policy and program context in the developing world within which land administration (LA) is now being discussed. There seem to be good reasons for doing so. Most people who are designated as poor in these countries live off the land. However, the land from which they earn their livelihood is beset by

SOLOMON Abebe Haile

352

Scalability, Interoperability, and Security at the Data Discovery Level: A System Administrator's Perspective  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) has been one of the best known Earth science and global change data discovery online resources throughout its extended operational history. The growing popularity of the system since its introduction on the World Wide Web in 1994 has created an environment where resolving issues of scalability, security, and interoperability have been critical to providing the best available service to the users and partners of the GCMD. Innovative approaches developed at the GCMD in these areas will be presented with a focus on how they relate to current and future GO-ESSP community needs.

2006-01-01

353

Social Security Act 1989 (No. 24 of 1989), 21 July 1989.  

PubMed

Among other things, this UK Act implements the requirements of European Communities Council Directive 86/378/EEC on equal treatment for men and women in occupational social security schemes. Such schemes include schemes providing benefits for retirement, old age and death, sickness or invalidity, accidents or occupational diseases, and unemployment, as long as the employer makes contributions to such schemes. Schemes that treat men and women differently must be revised by January 1, 1993. Excluded from the requirement of equal treatment are schemes setting different pensionable ages for men and women, as well as schemes treating unmarried people or people with families differently, as long as both sexes are treated in the same way; schemes with special benefits for pregnancy and childbirth; and schemes with different contributions for men and women, as long as the difference is based on actuarial grounds. PMID:12344143

1989-01-01

354

Developing a new assessment procedure of social information processing in adolescents within secure residential care.  

PubMed

The purpose of the present study was to develop a new assessment procedure of social information processing (SIP) for adolescents, to explore its validity and to examine whether it differentiated between IQ groups. Ninety-four adolescents within secure residential care were administered the SIP instrument, the Youth Self Report and two subtests of the WISC/WAIS. Results showed that the constructs underlying the items of the instrument were associated with profiles from the SIP theory, the subsequent SIP steps were correlated, and several SIP steps were correlated to self-reported behavior. No differences were found between IQ groups. These first results have implications for adjustment of the instrument. Further research should confirm construct validity and psychometric qualities of the scales. PMID:24727380

van Rest, Maaike M; van Bokhoven, Irene; van Nieuwenhuijzen, Maroesjka; Embregts, Petri J C M; Vriens, Aart; Matthys, Walter

2014-06-01

355

Consumption, Retirement and Social Security: Evaluating the Efficiency of Reform that Encourages Longer Careers.  

PubMed

This paper proposes and analyzes a Social Security reform in which individuals no longer face the OASI payroll tax after, say, age 54 or a career of 34 years, and their subsequent earnings have no bearing on their benefits. We first estimate parameters of a life-cycle model. Our specification includes non-separable preferences and possible disability. It predicts a consumption-expenditure change at retirement. We use the magnitude of the expenditure change, together with households' retirement-age decisions, to identify key structural parameters. The estimated magnitude of the change in consumption-expenditure depends importantly on the treatment of consumption by adult children of the household. Simulations indicate that the reform could increase retirement ages one year or more, equivalent variations could average more than $4,000 per household, and income tax revenues per household could increase by more than $14,000. PMID:23729902

Laitner, John; Silverman, Dan

2012-08-01

356

Consumption, Retirement and Social Security: Evaluating the Efficiency of Reform that Encourages Longer Careers*  

PubMed Central

This paper proposes and analyzes a Social Security reform in which individuals no longer face the OASI payroll tax after, say, age 54 or a career of 34 years, and their subsequent earnings have no bearing on their benefits. We first estimate parameters of a life–cycle model. Our specification includes non-separable preferences and possible disability. It predicts a consumption–expenditure change at retirement. We use the magnitude of the expenditure change, together with households’ retirement–age decisions, to identify key structural parameters. The estimated magnitude of the change in consumption–expenditure depends importantly on the treatment of consumption by adult children of the household. Simulations indicate that the reform could increase retirement ages one year or more, equivalent variations could average more than $4,000 per household, and income tax revenues per household could increase by more than $14,000. PMID:23729902

Laitner, John; Silverman, Dan

2012-01-01

357

Nuclear Materials Management U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO)  

SciTech Connect

In light of the changing Defense Complex mission, the high cost to storing and protecting nuclear materials, and in consideration of scarcity of resources, it is imperative that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) owned nuclear materials are managed effectively. The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Strategic Action Plan outlines the strategy for continuing to meet America’s nuclear security goals, meeting the overall mission challenges of DOE and NNSA as well as giving focus to local missions. The mission of the NNSA/NSO Nuclear Materials Management (NMM) Program is to ensure that nuclear material inventories are accurately assessed and reported, future material needs are adequately planned, and that existing Nevada Test Site (NTS) inventories are efficiently utilized, staged, or dispositioned. The NNSA/NSO understands that the NTS has unique characteristics to serve and benefit the nation with innovative solutions to the complex problems involving Special Nuclear Materials, hazardous materials, and multi-agency, integrated operations. The NNSA/NSO is defining infrastructure requirements for known future missions, developing footprint consolidation strategic action plans, and continuing in the path of facility modernization and improvements. The NNSA/NSO is striving for the NTS to be acknowledged as an ideal location towards mission expansion and growth. The NTS has the capability of providing isolated, large scale construction and development locations for nuclear power or alternate energy source facilities, expanded nuclear material storage sites, and for new development in “green” technology.

Jesse Schrieber

2008-07-01

358

Nuclear Materials Management U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO)  

SciTech Connect

In light of the changing Defense Complex mission, the high cost to storing and protecting nuclear materials, and in consideration of scarcity of resources, it is imperative that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) owned nuclear materials are managed effectively. The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Strategic Action Plan outlines the strategy for continuing to meet America’s nuclear security goals, meeting the overall mission challenges of DOE and NNSA as well as giving focus to local missions. The mission of the NNSA/NSO Nuclear Materials Management (NMM) Program is to ensure that nuclear material inventories are accurately assessed and reported, future material needs are adequately planned, and that existing Nevada Test Site (NTS) inventories are efficiently utilized, staged, or dispositioned. The NNSA/NSO understands that the NTS has unique characteristics to serve and benefit the nation with innovative solutions to the complex problems involving Special Nuclear Materials, hazardous materials, and multi-agency, integrated operations. The NNSA/NSO is defining infrastructure requirements for known future missions, developing footprint consolidation strategic action plans, and continuing in the path of facility modernization improvements. The NNSA/NSO is striving for the NTS to be acknowledged as an ideal location towards mission expansion and growth. The NTS has the capability of providing isolated, large scale construction and development locations for nuclear power or alternate energy source facilities, expanded nuclear material storage sites, and for new development in “green” technology.

Jesse Schreiber

2008-03-01

359

Does Social Security Induce Withdrawal of the Old from the Labor Force and Create Jobs for the Young?: The Case of Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines whether social security programs induce a withdrawal of the elderly from the labor force and create jobs for the young in Japan. The key messages are summarized as follows. First, our historical overview suggests that young unemployment issues have not motivated social security reforms and that changes in provisions are not endogenous. Second, employment of the young

Takashi Oshio; Satoshi Shimizutani; Akiko Sato Oishi

2008-01-01

360

ENERGY Message from the Department of Energy and the National Nuclear Security Administration  

E-print Network

we collect is presented in this summary report, the data volume, and the more comprehensive publication entitled the Annual Site Environmental Report. Each of these reports is highly important because it allows DOE to clearly and concisely explain our environmental-monitoring programs to our stakeholders. The environmental monitoring also assists us in achieving our mission in science, national security, environmental management, and nuclear energy. The information presented in this summary shows that Oak Ridge is a safe community for its citizens, and part of the reason for that is the Department’s unwavering focus on safety. The work at each of our facilities is highly detailed and technically complex, but our commitment is to perform all of our activities safely.

Gerald Boyd

361

Dependent Care FSA Reimbursement Form Employee Name: Last First Middle Initial Last 5 Digits of Social Security Number  

E-print Network

Dependent Care FSA Reimbursement Form Employee Name: Last First Middle Initial Last 5 Digits of Social Security Number Home Address check if new address Number/Street Apt# City ST Zip Daytime Phone is provided, not when you are billed or pay for the service. Please do not submit medical or health care

Lawrence, Rick L.

362

Interpersonal Strategy, Attachment Security and Social Status among Chinese Children in the Initial Period of Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the influences of peer interpersonal strategy and secure attachment on social status in peer contexts in the initial period of secondary school in China. Two hundred and thirty-one new students in secondary schools (grade 6) were recruited in the first semester to complete measures of interpersonal strategies in the peer group,…

Chen, Bin-Bin

2011-01-01

363

The Impact of Changing Financial Work Incentives on the Earnings of Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) Beneficiaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SSDI beneficiaries lose their entire cash benefit if they perform work that is substantial gainful activity (SGA) after using Social Security work incentive programs. The complete loss of benefits might be a work disincentive for beneficiaries. We report results from a pilot project that replaces the complete loss of benefits with a gradual…

Weathers, Robert R., II; Hemmeter, Jeffrey

2011-01-01

364

The Impact of Cutting Social Security Cost of Living Adjustments on the Living Standards of the Elderly  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the negotiations over raising the debt ceiling, President Obama proposed cutting the annual cost of living adjustment for Social Security by switching to an index that would show a lower measured rate of inflation. This alternative index, the chained consumer price index (CCPI-U), shows an annual rate of inflation that averages approximately 0.3 percentage points less than the consumer

Dean Baker; David Rosnick

2011-01-01

365

Do Social Security Recipients Smooth Consumption Between Checks? Evidence Using New Data With Variation in Pay Dates  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses a special addendum to the Consumer Expenditure Survey di- ary data to test whether recent Social Security Benefit Recipients smooth their consumption over pay dates, as predicted by the permanent income hypothesis. Previous research has found that household spending is higher after pay is received at the beginning of the month relative to the rest of the

Giovanni Mastrobuoni; Matthew C. Weinberg

366

Assessing the impact of income tax, social security tax, and health care spending on U.S. saving rates  

Microsoft Academic Search

An assessment of the effects of proposed reductions in income and Social Security taxes on middle-income Americans and of cuts in health care spending, using the generational accounting method to examine their likely impact on both current and future national saving rates.

Alan J. Auerbach; Jagadeesh Gokhale; Laurence J. Kotlikoff

1992-01-01

367

National Nuclear Security Administration International Safeguards Education & Training Program(s)  

SciTech Connect

The introduction of nuclear power is a challenging, time-consuming and complex endeavor. After lengthy deliberations and research, some discover they are not prepared to take on the responsibilities or make the necessary investments to pursue nuclear power at this time. In particular, as countries begin to study their education systems with a critical eye, they discover they are unlikely to produce the requisite people to support the new plant they had hoped to introduce in the next ten to fifteen years. Without experienced personnel who can manage, operate, regulate and inspect the new plant, there is no point to building a plant in the first place. This paper will begin with an overview of various challenges associated with establishing and implementing a safe, secure and sustainable nuclear program and describe the some of the key issues that need to be addressed while planning to introduce nuclear power into an energy portfolio. Subsequent sections will describe how the United States is assisting countries in this planning process and in developing an effective workforce capable of supporting the nuclear program. Next, the paper will look at the key documents countries need to prepare in order to develop an effective workforce. The final section will offer some potential measures for success to ensure the long-term viability of the education system.

Frazar, Sarah L.; McClelland-Kerr, John

2009-10-06

368

78 FR 6168 - Public Availability of Social Security Administration Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Service Contract...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/procurement/memo/service-contract-inventories-guidance-11052010.pdf. You can access the inventory and summary of the inventory on our homepage at the following link:...

2013-01-29

369

77 FR 3836 - Public Availability of Social Security Administration Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 Service Contract...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/procurement/memo/service-contract-inventories-guidance-11052010.pdf. You can access the inventory and summary of the inventory on our homepage at the following link:...

2012-01-25

370

The Social Security Administration's Youth Transition Demonstration Projects: Implementation Lessons from the Original Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report focuses on the seven original Youth Transition Demonstration (YTD) projects selected for funding in 2003. Three of the original seven projects were selected for a national random assignment evaluation in 2005; however, this report only focuses on program operations prior to joining the random assignment evaluation for the three…

Martinez, John; Fraker, Thomas; Manno, Michelle; Baird, Peter; Mamun, Arif; O'Day, Bonnie; Rangarajan, Anu; Wittenburg, David

2010-01-01

371

75 FR 5166 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; Computer Matching Program (Social Security Administration...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...The disclosure enables us to implement a Medicare...disclosed by RRB helps us identify and determine eligibility for Medicare Savings Programs (MSP) and subsidized...Program Legal authority for us to conduct this matching activity is contained in section 1860D-14...

2010-02-01

372

Enforcing the Minimum Drinking Age Law: A Survey of College Administrators and Security Chiefs. Current Research Summary. Bulletin Series: Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin reviews the results of a survey of college administrators and security officials by the Harvard School of Public Health concerning their schools' policies regarding alcohol problems on campus. A total of 529 respondents from 347 public and private four-year institutions were asked to complete a mailed questionnaire which examined…

Wechsler, Henry; Moeykens, Barbara A.; DeJong, William

373

NCAA Division I Student-Athlete and Athletic Administrator Perceptions of Social Support in the Athletic Department at One University in the Northwestern United States  

E-print Network

Student-athletes' and athletic administrators' perceptions of available and accessible social support in the athletic department are explored. Interviews were conducted with three athletic administrators whose job responsibilities are most focused...

Rothberg, Ami Lynn

2011-08-08

374

Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy s National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.  

E-print Network

, for the United States Department of Energy s National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL. in progress #12;Z-Pinch IFE Power Plant has a Matrix of Possibilities Repetitive Z-Pinch Driver: _ Marx of Energy s National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Recent Results in Z

375

[Social security law and evidence-based health care in Germany].  

PubMed

The present contribution examines whether German Social Security Law requires or allows the German health care system to follow the principles of evidence-based health care. The discussion will be based on the relevant example of statutory health insurance (Book of Social Code V-SGB V). According to Sect. 2 SGB V health care provision has to follow medical standards, acknowledging medical progress. It has to be effective and efficient. Special therapies are not outlawed, but also have to follow these principles. Efficiency is defined (Sect. 12 SGB V) by the benefits being sufficient and necessary. The responsibility for achieving these goals and supplying the benefits for all people according to need lies with the health care insurance funds along with the physicians' associations (Kassenirztliche Vereinigung) and the hospitals (Sect. 70 SGB V). These organisations cooperate in the Federal Joint Committee (Gemeinsamer Bundesausschuss, G-BA, Sect. 92 SGB V), where they have to hear organisations of patients and of the disabled also. The G-BA is allowed by law to exclude therapies not meeting the SGB V criteria. The Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG) advises the G-BA and is also responsible for generating evidence. A major political and constitutional controversy has been triggered on the legitimation of the Federal Joint Committee. In its statute the G-BA recurs on evidence-based health care. It examines therapies according to the degree of available evidence and the usability of the evidence in the respective supply setting. The Federal Social Court (Bundessozialgericht, BSG) decided that the decisions of the G-BA could not be challenged for being medically incorrect. In 2005, the Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht-BVerfG) decided that a stricter control over the G-BA by the social courts was needed and that in the case of serious disease a lower evidence level might be sufficient. BSG and G-BA will continue to accept the results and methods of Evidence-based Medicine. PMID:18183865

Welti, Felix

2007-01-01

376

Towards a Social Network Approach for Monitoring Insider Threats to Information Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. Monitoring ,threats to information ,security is increasingly becoming important to protecting ,secured organizational documents. There is increasing number of threats to information security, which originates from the internal users of the system. Insider is defined as a trusted person and has access to clas- sified documents. Our focus here is on understanding mechanisms,for monitor- ing insiders working ,with the

Anand Natarajan; Liaquat Hossain

2004-01-01

377

Occupational impairment and disability among applicants for Social Security disability benefits in Pennsylvania.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE. The study goal was to assess the extent of workplace-related disease and injury among Social Security Disability Insurance applicants. METHODS. A convenience sample of 240 consecutive applicants to the Pennsylvania Bureau of Disability Determination was studied to assess the prevalence of work-related disorders. An applicant had a work-related condition if there was a clear statement of a workplace illness or injury associated with the impairment, or if the applicant had worked at an occupation with a high likelihood of exposures known or suspected to contribute to the condition of interest. RESULTS. Of the 240 applicants, 166 (69%) were awarded disability insurance benefits; a total of 27 (11%) had work-related conditions, including 14 of the 166 (8%) who were found to be disabled. Forty percent of the 27 had a disorder that was musculoskeletal in origin. Of 59 applicants with cancer, 10.2% had some work-related etiological component. Of an estimated 71,680 adult disability insurance applicants in Pennsylvania in 1990, 5134 new insurance beneficiaries had a projected occupationally related disability. CONCLUSIONS. A substantial number of applicants for disability insurance benefits suffer from an impairment caused or exacerbated by prior workplace exposures. These individuals may serve as sentinel events for initiating follow-up surveillance and prevention activities. PMID:7977918

Bresnitz, E A; Frumkin, H; Goldstein, L; Neumark, D; Hodgson, M; Needleman, C

1994-01-01

378

Equity in the financing of social security for health in Chile.  

PubMed

Real public health spending has more than doubled since 1990, raising concerns about the targeting of public subsidies. This study examined the degree of equity in the financing of FONASA, the public insurer, which in 1995 covered 8.6 million beneficiaries, or 62% of the country's population. Study results, covering calendar year 1995, indicated that (1) government health subsidies were well-targeted, with about 90% reaching the indigent and 8% going to other, low-income beneficiaries; (2) only 2.5% of government subsidies leaked to higher-income, non-beneficiaries of FONASA (people covered by private insurers known as ISAPRES, otherwise covered, or without any coverage); (3) overall, FONASA's contributing beneficiaries (i.e. the indigent aside) self-financed their health benefits, although higher-income beneficiaries were providing significant cross-subsidies to low-income ones, making the internal financing of FONASA somewhat progressive; (4) the indigent received the highest amount of annual net benefits per capita, followed by low-income beneficiaries; and (5) the evasion of FONASA's payroll tax was pervasive, although public providers delivered care on an equal basis irrespective of the patients' contributions to FONASA. FONASA's finances would improve significantly if affiliation to health social security by both dependent and independent workers was made compulsory. PMID:10827307

Bitran, R; Mu?oz, J; Aguad, P; Navarrete, M; Ubilla, G

2000-01-01

379

[Work-related disability among postal employees: incidence, duration, and social security costs in 2008].  

PubMed

This study analyzed the characteristics of Brazilian postal workers that received sick leave benefits in 2008. The databases were from the Unified Benefits System (SUB) and the National Registry of Social Information (CNIS). The incidence rate was 556.5 benefits per 10,000 employees, and the leading causes of work-related sick leave were injuries, musculoskeletal disorders, and mental disorders. Areas most frequently reported in injuries were knees and legs, wrists and hands, ankles and feet, and shoulders and arms, with higher incidence rates in men. Women were more affected by musculoskeletal disorders and mental disorders. Average sick leave lasted longer in men, and the incidence of benefits increased with age. The States with the highest incidence rates were Mato Grosso do Sul, Goiás, and Santa Catarina, and security benefits averaged BRL 1,847.00. Postal work may involve additional risk of injuries to the limbs, due to the long distances carrying heavy weight, assault, and dog bites. PMID:25099054

Mascarenhas, Flávia Alves Neves; Barbosa-Branco, Anadergh

2014-06-01

380

Social Security cost-of-living adjustments and the Consumer Price Index.  

PubMed

OASDI benefits are indexed for inflation to protect beneficiaries from the loss of purchasing power implied by inflation. In the absence of such indexing, the purchasing power of Social Security benefits would be eroded as rising prices raise the cost of living. By statute, cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) for Social Security benefits are calculated using the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W). Some argue that this index does not accurately reflect the inflation experienced by the elderly population and should be changed to an elderly-specific price index such as the Experimental Consumer Price Index for Americans 62 Years of Age and Older, often referred to as the Consumer Price Index for the Elderly (CPI-E). Others argue that the measure of inflation underlying the COLA is technically biased, causing it to overestimate changes in the cost of living. This argument implies that current COLAs tend to increase, rather than merely maintain, the purchasing power of benefits over time. Potential bias in the CPI as a cost-of-living index arises from a number of sources, including incomplete accounting for the ability of consumers to substitute goods or change purchasing outlets in response to relative price changes. The BLS has constructed a new index called the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) that better accounts for those consumer adjustments. Price indexes are not true cost-of-living indexes, but approximations of cost-of-living indexes (COLI). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (2006a) explains the difference between the two: As it pertains to the CPI, the COLI for the current month is based on the answer to the following question: "What is the cost, at this month ' market prices, of achieving the standard of living actually attained in the base period?" This cost is a hypothetical expenditure-the lowest expenditure level necessary at this month's prices to achieve the base-period's living standard.... Unfortunately, because the cost of achieving a living standard cannot be observed directly, in operational terms, a COLI can only be approximated. Although the CPI cannot be said to equal a cost-of-living index, the concept of the COLI provides the CPI's measurement objective and the standard by which we define any bias in the CPI. While all versions of the CPI only approximate the actual changes in the cost of living, the CPI-E has several additional technical limitations. First, the CPI-E may better account for the goods and services typically purchased by the elderly, but the expenditure weights for the elderly are the only difference between the CPI-E and CPI-W. These weights are based on a much smaller sample than the other two indices, making it less precise. Second, the CPI-E does not account for differences in retail outlets frequented by the aged population or the prices they pay. Finally, the purchasing population measured in the CPI-E is not necessarily identical to the Social Security beneficiary population, where more than one-fifth of OASDI beneficiaries are under age 62. Likewise, over one-fifth of persons aged 62 or older are not beneficiaries, but they are included in the CPI-E population. Finally, changes in the index used to calculate COLAs directly affect the amount of benefits paid, and as a result, projected solvency of the Social Security program. A switch to the CPI-E for the December 2006 COLA (received in January 2007) would have resulted in an average monthly benefit $0.90 higher than that received. If the December 2006 COLA had been adjusted by the Chained CPI-U instead, the average monthly benefit would have been $4.70 less than with current indexing. Any changes to the COLA that would cause faster growth in individual benefits would make the projected date of insolvency sooner, while slower growth would delay insolvency. Hobijn and Lagakos (2003) estimated that switching to the CPI-E for COLAs would move projected insolvency sooner by 3-5 years. A projection by SSA's Office of the Chief

Burdick, Clark; Fisher, Lynn

2007-01-01

381

Professor L. Jean Camp is a founder of the interdiscipline of economics of security. Her core contributions are in area of the social and economic implications of technologies of security  

E-print Network

is the author of "Trust and Risk in Internet Commerce" (MIT Press), "Economics of Identity Theft" (SpringerBiography Professor L. Jean Camp is a founder of the interdiscipline of economics of security. Her core contributions are in area of the social and economic implications of technologies of security

Camp, L. Jean

382

A SOCIAL WORKER'S USE OF A PATIENT ATTITUDE SURVEY IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF A SMALL HEALTH CLINIC  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the use of a patient attitude survey in the administration of a small health clinic. A survey conducted by social service staff on a randomly selected, stratified samply of 100 parents and\\/or adult patients identified strengths and weaknesses in the operation of the clinic. These findings were then used as the basis for taking corrective action. The

Philip Starr; Gary L. Ellis; Seishi Oka

1981-01-01

383

Social and Student Engagement and Support: The Sloan-C Quality Scorecard for the Administration of Online Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As combinations of place-based, blended and fully online education proliferate, so do options for support and services. Aligning with regional accreditation criteria, the Sloan-C Quality Scorecard for the Administration of Online Programs is a useful way for institutions to measure and compare the quality of social and student engagement and…

Moore, Janet C.; Shelton, Kaye

2013-01-01

384

The medical care programs of the Farm Security Administration, 1932 through 1947: a rehearsal for national health insurance?  

PubMed Central

At a time of renewed interest in universal health insurance, an examination of earlier periods when society grappled with the link between socioeconomic status and health is fruitful. Between 1935 and 1947, the federal government sponsored a comprehensive medical care program for low-income farmers, sharecroppers, and migrant workers under the auspices of the Farm Security Administration (FSA). Despite the strong opposition of the American Medical Association, humanitarian and economic concerns at the local level often promoted physicians' participation in the program's group prepayment plans. Many FSA leaders clearly saw the program as a model upon which national health insurance might advance. However, in the wake of World War II, the FSA program declined as physicians' income improved, the rural population declined, and traditional ideological objections to federal intervention in medical care resurfaced. The FSA experience illuminates the complex ideological, economic, and humanitarian motivations of American physicians in the face of health care reform. Images p1680-a p1682-a p1684-a PMID:7943497

Grey, M R

1994-01-01

385

The relation of parenting, child temperament, and attachment security in early childhood to social competence at school entry.  

PubMed

A wealth of research demonstrates the importance of early parent-child interactions on children's social functioning. However, less is known about the interrelations between child and parent characteristics and parent-child interactions in early childhood. Moreover, few studies have broadly examined the longitudinal relations between these constructs and social competence. This study is an examination of the relations between parent responsiveness, negativity, and emotional supportiveness, attachment security, and child temperament, and their impact on children's social competence from infancy to kindergarten entry. The sample was derived from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study--Birth Cohort and included 6850 parent-child dyads. Observational and rating scale data were used. The proposed model was nearly fully supported by path analysis, and it provides insight into the complex relations between early parenting behaviors, child characteristics, and parent-child interactions in the development of social competence. PMID:24060065

Rispoli, Kristin M; McGoey, Kara E; Koziol, Natalie A; Schreiber, James B

2013-10-01

386

Social Applications: Exploring A More Secure Framework Andrew Besmer, Heather Richter Lipford, Mohamed Shehab, Gorrell Cheek  

E-print Network

.lipford, mshehab, gcheek} @ uncc.edu ABSTRACT Online social network sites, such as MySpace, Facebook and others, Social Networking Applications, Web 2.0 1. INTRODUCTION Online social network sites such as Facebook, MySpace

Shehab, Mohamed

387

20 CFR 404.936 - Time and place for a hearing before an administrative law judge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determinations...limitations (including any lack of facility with the English language) which you may have. (g) Consultation...

2012-04-01

388

20 CFR 404.936 - Time and place for a hearing before an administrative law judge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determinations...limitations (including any lack of facility with the English language) which you may have. [68 FR 5218, Feb. 3,...

2010-04-01

389

20 CFR 404.936 - Time and place for a hearing before an administrative law judge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determinations...limitations (including any lack of facility with the English language) which you may have. (g) Consultation...

2013-04-01

390

20 CFR 404.936 - Time and place for a hearing before an administrative law judge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950- ) Determinations...limitations (including any lack of facility with the English language) which you may have. (g) Consultation...

2011-04-01

391

Energy, Climate & Infrastructure Security  

E-print Network

Energy, Climate & Infrastructure Security EXCEPTIONAL SERVICE IN THE NATIONAL INTEREST Sandia Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. SAND 2012-1670P Thermal thermal environments different from regulatory standards. Packaging, Transport, Storage & Security

392

26 CFR 31.3121(k)-4 - Constructive filing of waivers of exemption from social security taxes by certain tax-exempt...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Constructive filing of waivers of exemption from social security taxes by certain tax-exempt organizations. 31.3121(k)-4 Section...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE...

2013-04-01

393

26 CFR 31.3121(k)-4 - Constructive filing of waivers of exemption from social security taxes by certain tax-exempt...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Constructive filing of waivers of exemption from social security taxes by certain tax-exempt organizations. 31.3121(k)-4 Section...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE...

2011-04-01

394

26 CFR 31.3121(k)-4 - Constructive filing of waivers of exemption from social security taxes by certain tax-exempt...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Constructive filing of waivers of exemption from social security taxes by certain tax-exempt organizations. 31.3121(k)-4 Section...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE...

2010-04-01

395

26 CFR 31.3121(k)-4 - Constructive filing of waivers of exemption from social security taxes by certain tax-exempt...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Constructive filing of waivers of exemption from social security taxes by certain tax-exempt organizations. 31.3121(k)-4 Section...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE...

2012-04-01

396

Length of service and commitment of nurses in hospitalsof Social Security Organization (SSO) in Tehran  

PubMed Central

Background: A nurse’s commitment is the most important factor that influences her performance and depends on other variables. The purpose of this research was to study the relationship between length of service of the nurses with the amount of occupational commitment and organizational commitment. Methods: From Winter 2012 to Spring 2013, 266 nurses were chosen in selected hospitals of Social Security Organization (SSO). These nurses were randomly categorized into six different classes of service records including < 5, 5-9, 10-14, 15-19, 20-24, and 25-29 years. The length of service is related to the organizational, occupational, affective, continuance, and normative commitment. The data were collected and analyzed. Results: Generally 84% of the responders were women and the rest were men of which 95% had a bachelor’s degree and the rest had higher academic degrees. The length of service in 81% of nurses was <15 years and 19% were higher than 15 years. Significant correlation were seen between continuance and occupational commitments and length of service (r=0.23, P=0.04 and r=-0.26, P=0.02, respectively). There were not any significant differences regarding organizational, affective and normative commitments (P=0.12, P=0.33, P=0.47, respectively). Conclusion: The results show that the length of service was related to continuance and occupational commitment. So pre-retirement of the nurses after 20 years of work can result in an increase in average commitment of employees. PMID:24778784

Jafari Kelarijani, Seyed Ebrahim; Heidarian, Ali Reza; Jamshidi, Reza; Khorshidi, Mohamad

2014-01-01

397

Digital Business Innovation & Social Media Course no. 460121U027 Bachelor-Department of Business Administration  

E-print Network

1 Digital Business Innovation & Social Media ­ Course no. 460121U027 Bachelor- Department): from 9 am to 1 pm (every day) Course Outline: Digital Business Innovation & Social Media Date Topic). Introduction: What is Social Media? Chapter 7: & Using Social Media to Drive Product Development and Find New

398

Social Justice Challenges to Educational Administration: Introduction to a Special Issue  

Microsoft Academic Search

Challenging the field of educational administration to take an activist and prosocial justice stance, this article introduces the special issue. Some professors and preparation programs are inadequately attuned to equity concerns. Standards and testing for administrator licensure touch only the surface of cultural diversity, equity, and democracy. Disproportionally small percentages of administrators are women and minorities. Still, with the high

Catherine Marshall

2004-01-01

399

Counterterrorism – a comprehensive approach. Social mobilisation and ‘civilianisation’ of security: the case of the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global war on terror and 9\\/11 have brought to our attention the perpetual problem of freedom versus security. The more governments strive to provide security, the more they tend to curb the freedoms of their citizens. ‘Stop and search’ procedures, 28-day detentions of terrorist suspects without charge or new body scanners at the airports are just the ‘tip of

Krzysztof Feliks Sliwinski

2012-01-01

400

Critical Social Analysis, Service Learning, and Urban Affairs: A Course Application in Public Policy and Administration* * This paper is in part derived from \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses a course application in urban affairs within a masters program in public administration. The course application utilizes service learning and critical social analysis methods as instructional tools. The article identifies the historical evolution of social analysis, starting in the Enlightenment and finally reaching its current manifestation in critical theory. The development of critical social analysis methodology, otherwise

Edward J. Martin

2003-01-01

401

Changes in quality of care and costs induced by implementation of a diabetes program in a social security entity of Argentina  

PubMed Central

Purpose To measure the impact of a diabetes and cardiovascular risk factors program implemented in a social security institution upon short- and long-term clinical/metabolic outcomes and costs of care. Methods Observational longitudinal cohort analysis of clinical/metabolic data and resource use of 300 adult male and female program participants with diabetes before (baseline) and 1 and 3 years after implementation of the program. Data were obtained from clinical records (Qualidiab) and the administration’s database. Results The implementation of the program in “real world” conditions resulted in an immediate and sustainable improvement of the quality of care provided to people with diabetes incorporated therein. We also recorded a more appropriate oral therapy prescription for hyperglycemia and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs), as well as a decrease of events related to chronic complications. This improvement was associated with an increased use of diagnostic and therapeutic resources, particularly those related to pharmacy prescriptions, not specifically used for the control of hyperglycemia and other CVRFs. Conclusion The implementation of a diabetes program in real-world conditions results in a significant short- and long-term improvement of the quality of care provided to people with diabetes and other CVRFs, but simultaneously increased the use of resources and the cost of diagnostic and therapeutic practices. Since controlled studies have shown improvement in quality of care without increasing costs, our results suggest the need to include management-control strategies in these programs for appropriate medical and administrative feedback to ensure the simultaneous improvement of clinical outcomes and optimization of the use of resources. PMID:23869172

Gonzalez, Lorena; Elgart, Jorge F; Calvo, Hector; Gagliardino, Juan J

2013-01-01

402

False security or greater social inclusion? Exploring perceptions of CCTV use in public and private spaces accessed by the homeless.  

PubMed

It has been well documented that owing to the vulnerability inherent in their situation and status, the homeless experience high rates of harassment and criminal victimization. And yet, the question of whether CCTV surveillance of public and private spaces - so frequently viewed by the middle classes as a positive source of potential security - might also be viewed by the homeless in similar ways. Within the present paper, I address this issue by considering the possibility that CCTV might be seen by some homeless men and women as offering: a) a measure of enhanced security for those living in the streets and in shelters, and; b) to the extent that security is conceived of as a social good, the receipt of which marks one as a citizen of the state, a means by which they can be reconstituted as something more than 'lesser citizens'. To test these ideas, I rely on data from interviews conducted with homeless service users, service providers for the homeless, and police personnel in three cities. What is revealed is a mixed set of beliefs as to the relative security and meaning of CCTV. PMID:20377597

Huey, Laura

2010-03-01

403

The Handicap Principle for Trust in Computer Security, the Semantic Web and Social Networking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Communication is a fundamental function of life, and it exists in almost all living things: from single-cell bacteria to human beings. Communication, together with competition and cooperation,arethree fundamental processes in nature. Computer scientists are familiar with the study of competition or 'struggle for life' through Darwin's evolutionary theory, or even evolutionary computing. They may be equally familiar with the study of cooperation or altruism through the Prisoner's Dilemma (PD) game. However, they are likely to be less familiar with the theory of animal communication. The objective of this article is three-fold: (i) To suggest that the study of animal communication, especially the honesty (reliability) of animal communication, in which some significant advances in behavioral biology have been achieved in the last three decades, should be on the verge to spawn important cross-disciplinary research similar to that generated by the study of cooperation with the PD game. One of the far-reaching advances in the field is marked by the publication of "The Handicap Principle: a Missing Piece of Darwin's Puzzle" by Zahavi (1997). The 'Handicap' principle [34][35], which states that communication signals must be costly in some proper way to be reliable (honest), is best elucidated with evolutionary games, e.g., Sir Philip Sidney (SPS) game [23]. Accordingly, we suggest that the Handicap principle may serve as a fundamental paradigm for trust research in computer science. (ii) To suggest to computer scientists that their expertise in modeling computer networks may help behavioral biologists in their study of the reliability of animal communication networks. This is largely due to the historical reason that, until the last decade, animal communication was studied with the dyadic paradigm (sender-receiver) rather than with the network paradigm. (iii) To pose several open questions, the answers to which may bear some refreshing insights to trust research in computer science, especially secure and resilient computing, the semantic web, and social networking. One important thread unifying the three aspects is the evolutionary game theory modeling or its extensions with survival analysis and agreement algorithms [19][20], which offer powerful game models for describing time-, space-, and covariate-dependent frailty (uncertainty and vulnerability) and deception (honesty).

Ma, Zhanshan (Sam); Krings, Axel W.; Hung, Chih-Cheng

404

Understanding the ‘Pak’ in ‘AfPak’: the Obama administration's security policy for Pakistan at the mid-term  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article conducts an analysis of President Obama's security policy towards Pakistan during the first half of his current term in office. It identifies the rebalancing of civil-military relations, independent surveillance activities and drone strikes as key pillars of that security policy. This article examines the causes that led to the creation of that policy along with studying the efficacy

M. W. Aslam

2012-01-01

405

31 CFR 363.45 - What are the rules for judicial and administrative actions involving securities held in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...a security held in TreasuryDirect. (c) Divorce decree. We will recognize a divorce decree that either disposes of a security...the property of either of the parties. If the divorce decree does not set out the terms of the...

2010-07-01

406

31 CFR 363.45 - What are the rules for judicial and administrative actions involving securities held in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...a security held in TreasuryDirect. (c) Divorce decree. We will recognize a divorce decree that either disposes of a security...the property of either of the parties. If the divorce decree does not set out the terms of the...

2011-07-01

407

31 CFR 363.45 - What are the rules for judicial and administrative actions involving securities held in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...a security held in TreasuryDirect. (c) Divorce decree. We will recognize a divorce decree that either disposes of a security...the property of either of the parties. If the divorce decree does not set out the terms of the...

2012-07-01

408

31 CFR 363.45 - What are the rules for judicial and administrative actions involving securities held in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...a security held in TreasuryDirect. (c) Divorce decree. We will recognize a divorce decree that either disposes of a security...the property of either of the parties. If the divorce decree does not set out the terms of the...

2013-07-01

409

31 CFR 363.45 - What are the rules for judicial and administrative actions involving securities held in...  

...a security held in TreasuryDirect. (c) Divorce decree. We will recognize a divorce decree that either disposes of a security...the property of either of the parties. If the divorce decree does not set out the terms of the...

2014-07-01

410

Exploiting Vulnerability to Secure User Privacy on a Social Networking Site  

E-print Network

. INTRODUCTION Social media [7] gives users an efficient way to commu- nicate and network with one another's privacy protection? With the diversity of one's social media friends, how can one figure out an effective on an unprecedented scale and at rates unseen in traditional media. The pop- ularity of social media has grown

Liu, Huan

411

User-Centric Secure Cross-Site Interaction Framework for Online Social Networking Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social networking service is one of major technological phenomena on Web 2.0. Hundreds of millions of users are posting message, photos, and videos on their profiles and interacting with other users, but the sharing and interaction are limited within the same social networking site. Although users can share some content on a social networking site…

Ko, Moo Nam

2011-01-01

412

The Uneven March toward Social Justice: Diversity, Conflict, and Complexity in Educational Administration Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to provide a framework for the development and implementation of educational administration programs that encourage practitioners and educational administration faculty to push application and preparation beyond reproducing tendencies of the status quo as well as to open education to the potential of embracing silenced or…

McClellan, Rhonda; Dominguez, Ramon

2006-01-01

413

Estimated costs of postoperative wound infections. A case-control study of marginal hospital and social security costs.  

PubMed Central

A cohort of 4515 surgical patients in ten selected intervention groups was followed. Three hundred and seventeen developed postoperative wound infections, and 291 of these cases were matched 1:1 to controls by operation, sex and age. In comparison to the controls the cases stayed longer in hospital after the intervention and had more contact after discharge with the social security system. Using data from a national sentinel reference database of the incidence of postoperative wound infections, and using national activity data, we established an empirical cost model based on the estimated marginal costs of hospital resources and social sick pay. It showed that the hospital resources spent on the ten groups, which represent half of the postoperative wound infections in Denmark, amounted to approximately 0.5% of the annual national hospital budget. This stratified model creates a better basis for selecting groups of operations which need priority in terms of preventive measures. PMID:7925666

Poulsen, K. B.; Bremmelgaard, A.; S?rensen, A. I.; Raahave, D.; Petersen, J. V.

1994-01-01

414

Secure Objectives for School Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a study conducted among more than 980 American four-year and two-year colleges and universities, including institutions such as the University of Michigan, MIT, UCLA and Columbia, security staff and other administrators identified the five leading goals for their security systems: (1) Preventing unauthorized people from entering their…

Dalton-Noblitt, April

2012-01-01

415

24 CFR 242.68 - Disclosure and verification of Social Security and Employer Identification Numbers.  

...URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Miscellaneous Requirements § 242.68 Disclosure and verification of Social...

2014-04-01

416

Social Media Guidelines for Learning & Teaching and Researchers Approved by Senate, 2013-09-23  

E-print Network

. Purpose Statement Dalhousie embraces the use of social media by those involved in research, learning of social media accounts. 3.2 Privacy and Security By definition, information shared using social media accounts, social media administrators, expressly for the purpose of communicating with the Dalhousie

Lotze, Heike K.

417

Conceptual foundation for measures of physical function and behavioral health function for Social Security work disability evaluation.  

PubMed

Physical and mental impairments represent the 2 largest health condition categories for which workers receive Social Security disability benefits. Comprehensive assessment of physical and mental impairments should include aspects beyond medical conditions such as a person's underlying capabilities as well as activity demands relevant to the context of work. The objective of this article is to describe the initial conceptual stages of developing new measurement instruments of behavioral health and physical functioning relevant for Social Security work disability evaluation purposes. To outline a clear conceptualization of the constructs to be measured, 2 content models were developed using structured and informal qualitative approaches. We performed a structured literature review focusing on work disability and incorporating aspects of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health as a unifying taxonomy for framework development. Expert interviews provided advice and consultation to enhance face validity of the resulting content models. The content model for work-related behavioral health function identifies 5 major domains: (1) behavior control, (2) basic interactions, (3) temperament and personality, (4) adaptability, and (5) workplace behaviors. The content model describing physical functioning includes 3 domains: (1) changing and maintaining body position, (2) whole-body mobility, and (3) carrying, moving, and handling objects. These content models informed subsequent measurement properties including item development and measurement scale construction, and provided conceptual coherence guiding future empirical inquiry. The proposed measurement approaches show promise to comprehensively and systematically assess physical and behavioral health functioning relevant to work. PMID:23548543

Marfeo, Elizabeth E; Haley, Stephen M; Jette, Alan M; Eisen, Susan V; Ni, Pengsheng; Bogusz, Kara; Meterko, Mark; McDonough, Christine M; Chan, Leighton; Brandt, Diane E; Rasch, Elizabeth K

2013-09-01

418

20 CFR 655.665 - Notice to the Department of Homeland Security and the Employment and Training Administration.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Administrator shall promptly notify the DHS and ETA of the entry of a cease and desist order...unless the Administrator notifies the DHS and ETA of the entry of a subsequent order lifting...desist order, without having on file with ETA an attestation pursuant to § 655.520...

2011-04-01

419

20 CFR 655.665 - Notice to the Department of Homeland Security and the Employment and Training Administration.  

(a) The Administrator shall promptly notify the DHS and ETA of the entry of a cease and desist order pursuant to § 655.615 of this part. The order shall remain in effect until the completion of the Administrator's investigation and any subsequent proceedings pursuant to §...

2014-04-01

420

Social dominance in monkeys: dopamine D2 receptors and cocaine self-administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disruption of the dopaminergic system has been implicated in the etiology of many pathological conditions, including drug addiction. Here we used positron emission tomography (PET) imaging to study brain dopaminergic function in individually housed and in socially housed cynomolgus macaques (n = 20). Whereas the monkeys did not differ during individual housing, social housing increased the amount or availability of

Drake Morgan; Kathleen A. Grant; H. Donald Gage; Robert H. Mach; Jay R. Kaplan; Osric Prioleau; Susan H. Nader; Nancy Buchheimer; Richard L. Ehrenkaufer; Michael A. Nader

2002-01-01

421

Construction and administration of a social acceptance scale for black and white teachers in Southeast Michigan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study used Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) to develop an internally reliable and consistent Social Acceptance Scale (SAS) for self-identified black and white teachers in Southeast Michigan. The SAS was used to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in social acceptance levels between black and white teachers. ^ The SAS was administered to black and white teachers at

Dania Haidous

2009-01-01

422

Teaching Social Change Agents in Educational Leadership, School and Agency Counseling and Human Service Administration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the authors' journey as three educational leadership professors implementing a program to improve teaching for social justice. The social change agents they seek to nurture in their graduate program are individuals who are keenly aware of inequities in society and possess the knowledge, skills, and will to make a difference…

Tripses, Jenny S.; Hatfield, Kevin; Risen, D. Michael

2005-01-01

423

Scalable, Secure Analysis of Social Sciences Data on the Azure Platform  

E-print Network

are starting to correlate such large scale social media datasets with events that impact society as evidence and interaction data is beginning to be collected at population scales through the pervasiveness of social media abound of the virtual and physical public spaces intersecting and influencing each other [1,2]. Managers

Prasanna, Viktor K.

424

Who's really in your top 8: network security in the age of social networking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social engineering has been around for a long time, even at the college level. From the days when someone stood around a dormitory door waiting for someone else to open it, pretending to have forgotten his or her key, to today where virtually every college student has at least one online entity. Instant Messaging programs and Social Networking websites such

Robert Gibson

2007-01-01

425

The Smallville Effect: Social Ties Make Mobile Networks More Secure Against Node Capture Attack  

E-print Network

threat is node capture. A few solutions have already been proposed to ad- dress this problem; however for theoretical models. The rationale of this paper is inspired by the observation that re-encounters of mobile net- works--Distributed Systems; K.6.5 [Management of Computing and Information Systems]: Security

Mei, Alessandro

426

The Social and Economic Security of International Students: A New Zealand Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International education has generated complex problems of governance. As well as being beneficiaries of educational services and consumers of a product, international students are also migrants, workers and beings with civil rights. Arguably, the regulation of international student security as consumer protection fails to recognize this full range…

Sawir, Erlenawati; Marginson, Simon; Nyland, Chris; Ramia, Gaby; Rawlings-Sanaei, Felicity

2009-01-01

427

Energy, Climate & Infrastructure Security  

E-print Network

Energy, Climate & Infrastructure Security EXCEPTIONAL SERVICE IN THE NATIONAL INTEREST Sandia Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. SAND 2012-0987P Uncertaintyin Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. SAND2012-0987P Building Confidence

428

PERCEPTIONS OF SECURITY AND PRIVACY WHEN USING MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS An Analysis of Administrative and Line Staff Congruence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile communication systems have revolutionized business communication and become common communication tools within business organizations. The dramatic increase in the use of mobile communication systems would not have been possible without the assumption of information security and privacy. However, in many workplaces, this assumption is wrong, and, in fact, mobile communications are vulnerable in many ways. The purpose of this

Cheon-Pyo Lee; Xin Luo; Merrill Warkentin

429

Secure borders and safe haven and the gendered politics of belonging: Beyond social cohesion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This article focuses on contemporary,gendered,politics of migration,and belonging,in Britain. The article starts with an examination,of migration and the construction of boundaries in Europe and, more specifically, the gendered implications of recent immigration policies (labour, family, asylum) and the gendered,nature of the notion,of ‘‘secure borders’’ as well as that of ‘‘safe haven’’ in the UK White Paper. In particular, we

Nira Yuval-Davis; Floya Anthias; Eleonore Kofman

2005-01-01

430

Understanding Interconnections between Cultural Differences: A Social Justice Imperative for Educational Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study was conducted at a small Catholic college attempting to change the cultural environment for people who identify themselves as different from the white, Catholic, middle class, heterosexual norm represented on the campus. Thirty members of the college faculty, students, and administration and staff were selected through stratified…

Perlis, Susan M.; Shapiro, Joan Poliner

431

Managing Vocational Training Systems: A Handbook for Senior Administrators. Quantitative Methods in Social Protection Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides state-of-the-art materials relating to the management and organization of public VET (vocational education and training) systems and suggests a framework for developing the management competence of senior administrators. The book is organized by areas of management function and consists of 6 modules with 19 learning units.…

Gasskov, Vladimir

432

Preparation of Educational Administrators in a Multicultural Nation--Political, Social and Historical Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Canada has been throughout its history a multicultural nation as evidenced by its two official languages, and the French Canadian Roman Catholic school and English Canadian Protestant schools publicly supported in many parts of Canada. Since confederation, both legislative and administrative acts have attempted to meet multicultural needs. For…

Gue, Leslie R.

433

Faculty Hiring at Top-Ranked Higher Education Administration Programs: An Examination Using Social Network Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using network analysis we investigated faculty hiring at 21 U. S. News top-ranked programs in higher education administration. Our research questions were as follows. Do top programs hire from each other? Are faculty from the "outside" finding positions at top programs? Mixed results hint at implications for the "health" of the hiring network.…

DiRamio, David; Theroux, Ryan; Guarino, Anthony J.

2009-01-01

434

[Economic benefits of using a dose dispensing system at hospital units of the Mexican Institute of Social Security].  

PubMed

Objective. To estimate the potential economic benefits at The Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS per its abbreviation in spanish) according to the drug expenditure of using drug dispensing system, based on literature information. Materials and methods. A systematic review was performed to identify savings from drugs and reduction of medication errors. The total and mean health expenditure by level of medical attention was calculated using the dispensed collective prescriptions at IMSS during 2009. Three savings scenarios were applied. Results. The total drug savings were in a range of 870.49 Mexican million pesos to 4050.05 Mexican million pesos. Reductions of medication errors can contribute with additional savings up to 3455.56 Mexican million pesos. Conclusion. The drug dispensing system unit generates savings opportunities at the second and third level of attention. The maximum economic benefit was observed in the last level. PMID:25272179

Uc Coyoc, Rocío Ofelia; Pérez-Reynaud, Ana Gabriela; Coello-Reyes, Luis Arturo

2014-06-01

435

[Emergency and disaster response in critical care unit in the Mexican Social Security Institute: triage and evacuation].  

PubMed

Providing medical assistance in emergencies and disaster in advance makes the need to maintain Medical Units functional despite the disturbing phenomenon that confronts the community, but conflict occurs when the Medical Unit needs support and needs to be evacuated, especially when the evacuation of patients in a Critical Care Unit is required. In world literature there is little on this topic, and what is there usually focuses on the conversion of areas and increased ability to care for mass casualties, but not about how to evacuate if necessary, and when a wrong decision can have fatal consequences. That is why the Mexican Social Security Institute gave the task of examining these problems to a working group composed of specialists of the Institute. The purpose was to evaluate and establish a method for performing a protocol in the removal of patients and considering always to safeguard both staff and patients and maintain the quality of care. PMID:23769257

Echevarría-Zuno, Santiago; Cruz-Vega, Felipe; Elizondo-Argueta, Sandra; Martínez Valdés, Everardo; Franco-Bey, Rubén; Méndez-Sánchez, Luis Miguel

2013-01-01

436

Connecting Secondary and Postsecondary Student Social Media Skills: Recommendations for Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social media has become common ground for many high school and college students, and its use has the potential to impact learning. With fast response times and immediate availability of ideas and data, students change their perceptions about how education should be experienced. This study explored how high school and college students view the…

Lu, Mei-Yan; Newman, Richard E.; Miller, Michael T.

2014-01-01

437

Social Validation of Evidence-Based Practices in Autism by Parents, Teachers, and Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relatively little attention has been devoted to the social validation of potentially effective autism interventions. Thus, it is often difficult to identify and implement evidence-based practices, and programming is often inadequate. The authors identified autism intervention components with reported effectiveness for school settings. The results…

Callahan, Kevin; Henson, Robin K.; Cowan, Angela K.

2008-01-01

438

Social Capital, Organic Agriculture, and Sustainable Livelihood Security: Rethinking Agrarian Change in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the relevance of extra local market linkages and local-level social capital to sustainable livelihood outcomes in two agrarian communities on Mexico's Baja Peninsula. Contextualized by the specificity of Mexico's transition from state-directed rural development to neoliberally-guided rural development in the 1990s, findings…

Getz, Christy

2008-01-01

439

Steganography and Secure Communication on Online Social Networks and Online Photo Sharing  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the in Internet today, there are numerous web-sites offering places to store and share images (photos, drawings, cliparts, etc.). Online Social Networks (OSN) and Online Photo Services (OPS) usually offer this type of service making it possible to upload and manage the images they publish. Users can publish their own images as well as add descriptions and tags. By

Aniello Castiglione; Bonaventura D'Alessio; Alfredo De Santis

2011-01-01

440

42 CFR 406.11 - Individual age 65 or over who is not eligible as a social security or railroad retirement...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

Individual age 65 or over who is not eligible as a social security or railroad retirement benefits beneficiary, or on the basis of government employment. 406.11 Section 406.11 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

2010-10-01

441

TRAINING AND ORIENTATION AGREEMENT (Labor and Social Security Minister's Decree n. 142 of 25/03/1998, comma 4, section 5 and  

E-print Network

Rep N. Prot N. TRAINING AND ORIENTATION AGREEMENT (Labor and Social Security Minister's Decree n are entitled to promote training and orientation placements in the business world for the benefit of those who of trainees on training and orientation placements as specified in art. 5 of Decree nr. 142 of 25th March 1998

Cesare, Bernardo

442

HIPAA Privacy & Information Security  

E-print Network

Privacy Breach John Commins, for HealthLeaders Media , October 13, 2010 Social media creates new Learned ­ Recent Privacy/IT Security Issues 4. Emerging Privacy / IT Security Issues ­ Social NetworkingHIPAA Privacy & Information Security Refresher Training 2011/2012 #12;AGENDA 1. HIPAA ­ What's new

Grishok, Alla

443

Security Techniques for Prevention of Rank Manipulation in Social Tagging Services including Robotic Domains  

PubMed Central

With smartphone distribution becoming common and robotic applications on the rise, social tagging services for various applications including robotic domains have advanced significantly. Though social tagging plays an important role when users are finding the exact information through web search, reliability and semantic relation between web contents and tags are not considered. Spams are making ill use of this aspect and put irrelevant tags deliberately on contents and induce users to advertise contents when they click items of search results. Therefore, this study proposes a detection method for tag-ranking manipulation to solve the problem of the existing methods which cannot guarantee the reliability of tagging. Similarity is measured for ranking the grade of registered tag on the contents, and weighted values of each tag are measured by means of synonym relevance, frequency, and semantic distances between tags. Lastly, experimental evaluation results are provided and its efficiency and accuracy are verified through them. PMID:25114975

2014-01-01

444

20 CFR 410.686e - Services rendered for an individual in a proceeding before the Administration under part B of...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...individual in a proceeding before the Administration under part B of title IV of the Act...Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY...individual in a proceeding before the Administration under part B of title IV of the...

2010-04-01

445

[Social security for people in need of care -- proposals for the development and financing of aids for this group (author's transl)].  

PubMed

The article points out a serious deficiency in the social security system, i.e., that the old and infirm can only seldon obtain institutional care without calling on social assistance. It discusses possible solution of including the attendance allowances into the scope of social security benefits. The solutions are formulated in the amendment of the Association of German Cities and Towns (Deutscher Städtetag) to the insurance regulations of the earlier German Reich (Reichsversicherungsordnung). It is proposed that the Länder and communities as well as, to a small extent the Federal Government, assume the responsibility for investments, whereas the legal sickness insurance funds cover the costs for medical treatment and nursing and the patient pays an estimated rent value and the "hotel services". PMID:538329

Dieck, M; Fichtner, O; Gröttrup, B; Jochheim, K A; Kulenkampff, C; Lohmann, S; Mierzwiak, H G; Prössdorf, K; Robbers, I; Rückert, W

1979-11-01

446

49 CFR 1546.105 - Acceptance of and amendments to the security program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Acceptance of and amendments to the security program. 1546.105 Section 1546...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY FOREIGN...

2011-10-01

447

UNIX Security Important Aspects of Security  

E-print Network

at the door · Secure, but useless! #12;Types of Security Risks · Physical · Worms and Trojan horses · Social · Looking over someone's shoulder ­ Steal passwords · Advanced spying techniques #12;Worms and Trojan Horses · Trojan Horse: A program that compromises security by pretending to be an innocuous program. · Virus

Mohri, Mehryar

448

Time management behaviors of head nurses and staff nurses employed in Tehran Social Security Hospitals, Iran in 2011  

PubMed Central

Background: Effective time management is considered important for managers for achieving the goals in an organization. Head nurses can improve their efficiency and performance with effective use of time. There has always been a lot of disagreement in understanding time management behaviors of head nurses; therefore, the present study was conducted with an aim to compare the understanding of head nurses and staff nurses of the time management behaviors of head nurses employed in Social Security Hospitals in Tehran, Iran in 2011. Materials and Methods: This was a comparative descriptive study in which 85 head nurses were selected through census and 170 staff nurses were also selected through simple random sampling method from hospitals covered by the Social Security. Data collection was done through a standard inventory with high validity and reliability, which consisted of two parts: Socio-demographic characteristics and time management inventory. The obtained data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics through SPSS software version 13. Results: Mean score of time management in head nurses’ viewpoint was 143.22 (±18.66) and in staff nurses’ viewpoint was 136.04 (±21.45). There was a significant correlation between the mean scores of head nurses’ time management and some of their socio-demographic characteristics such as gender, clinical experience, passing a time management course, and book reading (P < 0.05). There was a significant correlation between the mean scores of staff nurses’ time management and their clinical working experience, education, using time management approach, and type of hospital (P < 0.05). The majority of head nurses (52.9%) believed that their time management was in a high level; besides, most of the staff nurses also (40%) believed that time management of their head nurses was high. However, there was a significant difference between the perceptions of both groups on using Mann–Whitney test (P < 0.05). Conclusion: With regard to the importance of time management and its vital role in the quality of nursing care for clients, and also the fact that head nurses believed more in their time management behaviors, they are expected to improve organization's goals and developments in order to modify the weaknesses and shortages and promote the skills and capabilities of their staffs and also resolve the disagreement on the understanding of time management. Moreover, effective time management training programs can be an important step for staff nurses and their head nurses. PMID:24834090

Ebrahimi, Hossein; Hosseinzadeh, Rahele; Tefreshi, Mansoreh Zaghari; Hosseinzadeh, Sadaf

2014-01-01

449

The Under Secretary for Finance and Administration Smithsonian Institution  

E-print Network

-7012 Privacy@si.edu 1 September 14, 2011 PRIVACY PROGRAM GUIDANCE FROM: Alison McNally Under Secretary for Finance and Administration Rosalind Kennedy Smithsonian Privacy Officer SUBJECT: Use of Social Security, if a unit requests that individuals provide an email address to receive an electronic newsletter, the unit

Mathis, Wayne N.

450

Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.  

E-print Network

, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL-Pinch IFE is to produce an economically attractive power plant using high-yield z-pinch-driven targets ( 3, and thick-liquid wall chamber power plants #12;Z-Pinch is the newest of the three major drivers for IFE 1999

451

Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.  

E-print Network

, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL attractive power plant using high-yield z-pinch-driven targets ( 3 GJ) at low rep-rate per chamber ( 0.1 Hz drivers, recyclable transmission lines, high- yield targets, and thick-liquid wall chamber power plants

452

Benefits update: program offers extra $43.80 in Social Security check plus medical bill help to PWAs on Medicare.  

PubMed

New income eligibility levels announced in 1998 may mean an increase of $43.80 per month in Social Security Disability (SSDI) benefits, as well as increased medical benefits for persons with HIV/AIDS. The increase in monetary benefits results from the Medicare Part B benefit being restored by the Specified Low Income Medicare Beneficiary program (SLIMB) and by the Qualified Individual (I) program. The new income eligibility levels go into effect for people with SSDI whose monthly incomes are under $925.63. In addition, those with SSDI and monthly incomes under $690.83 will also have coverage for hospital admission deductibles, annual doctor deductibles, and 20 percent of doctor and outpatient bills that are not covered by Medicare. People who want to return to work may be able to keep Medicare coverage, with certain limitations. Since Medicare, SLIMB, and Qualified Individual (I) programs do not cover prescription drugs, it is suggested that Medicaid benefits be examined for eligibility. Those who do not qualify for Medicaid should contact their State's AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) or their State's general drug assistance program. PMID:11365612

McCormack, T P

1998-06-01

453

CSU DCRA AND HCRA ADMINISTRATIVE GUIDE APPENDIX E, PAGE 1 NAME: (Please Print) Campus Social Security Number  

E-print Network

Page Required* Page 1 of ____ Dependent Care/ Health Care Reimbursement Account Plans CLAIM FORM ­ PLAN YEAR 201__ Dependent Care Reimbursement Account (DCRA) Dependent care expenses must be for a dependent for reimbursement. Health Care Reimbursement Account (HCRA) Date Medical Care Provided (Arrange documentation

de Lijser, Peter

454

PARTICIPATION TERMS AND CONDITIONS Your Social Security number is required for purposes of benefit plan administration, for  

E-print Network

be requested.You agree to provide such documentation upon request. 6. If you enroll your eligible same-sex spouse or domestic partner and/or an eligible child or grandchild of your same-sex spouse or domestic. If you enroll family members, the University and/or carrier may require proof of eligibility. Marriage

Silver, Whendee

455

Business ADMinistrAtion School of Management  

E-print Network

complex technical, economic and social problems and en- ables them to apply imaginative and responsible of the accounting, business administration and economics credits to be earned in residence at UAF. Note: Only oneBusiness ADMinistrAtion School of Management Department of Business Administration 907-474-7461 www

Hartman, Chris

456

Reliance on social security benefits by Swedish patients with ill-health attributed to dental fillings: a register-based cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background Some people attribute their ill health to dental filling materials, experiencing a variety of symptoms. Yet, it is not known if they continue to financially support themselves by work or become reliant on different types of social security benefits. The aim of this study was to analyse reliance on different forms of social security benefits by patients who attribute their poor health to dental filling materials. Methods A longitudinal cohort study with a 13-year follow up. The subjects included were 505 patients attributing their ill health to dental restorative materials, who applied for subsidised filling replacement. They were compared to a cohort of matched controls representing the general population (three controls per patient). Annual individual data on disability pension, sick leave, unemployment benefits, and socio-demographic factors was obtained from Statistics Sweden. Generalized estimating equations were used to test for differences between cohorts in number of days on different types of social security benefits. Results The cohort of dental filling patients had a significantly higher number of days on sick leave and disability pension than the general population. The test of an overall interaction effect between time and cohort showed a significant difference between the two cohorts regarding both sick leave and disability pension. In the replacement cohort, the highest number of sick-leave days was recorded in the year they applied for subsidised replacement of fillings. While sick leave decreased following the year of application, the number of days on disability pension increased and peaked at the end of follow-up. Conclusions Ill health related to dental materials is likely to be associated with dependence on social security benefits. Dental filling replacement does not seem to improve workforce participation. PMID:22935213

2012-01-01

457

Inequities toward Women in the Social Security System. Hearing before the Task Force on Social Security and Women of the Subcommittee on Retirement Income and Employment and the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents public testimony and prepared statements from the Congressional hearing on inequities toward women in the social security system. Introductory statements by Representatives Oakar, Daub, Ferraro, McCain, Ratchford, Vandergriff, Snowe, Roybal, and Biaggi are given. Public testimony is provided from representatives of the…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

458

The interdependent security problem in the defense industrial base: An agent-based model on a social network  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper extends the Kunreuther and Heal game-theoretic model of the interdependent security problem by applying the model to an empirically based network environment. The scale-free network is derived from the contract-based organization of the defense industry. Theft of knowledge in this industry could have an impact on both economic and national security. However, imperfect information in the IT security

Forrest Hare; Jonathan Goldstein

2010-01-01

459

Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974; rules and regulations for administration and enforcement; claims procedure. Final regulation; delay of applicability date.  

PubMed

This action delays for at least six months and not more than one year the applicability date for the regulation governing minimum requirements for benefit claims procedures of group health plans covered by Title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act. As published on November 21, 2000, the benefit claims procedure would be applicable to claims filed on or after January 1, 2002. The current action amends the regulation so that it will apply to group health claims filed on or after the first day of the first plan year beginning on or after July 1, 2002, but in no event later than January 1, 2003. This action provides a limited additional period within which group health plan sponsors, administrators, and service providers can bring their claims processing systems into compliance with the new requirements. A postponement of the applicability date with respect to group health claims will allow a more orderly transition to the new standards and will avoid the confusion and additional expense that would be caused if certain pending Congressional bills are enacted before or soon after the original applicability date. This action does not apply to pension plans or plans providing disability or welfare benefits (other than group health). For these plans, the regulation will continue to be applicable to claims filed on or after January 1, 2002. PMID:11725794

2001-07-01

460

49 CFR 1549.7 - Approval, amendment, renewal of the security program and certification of a certified cargo...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Approval, amendment, renewal of the security program and certification of a certified...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY CERTIFIED...

2013-10-01

461

49 CFR 1549.7 - Approval, amendment, renewal of the security program and certification of a certified cargo...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Approval, amendment, renewal of the security program and certification of a certified...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY CERTIFIED...

2012-10-01

462

49 CFR 1544.228 - Access to cargo and cargo screening: Security threat assessments for cargo personnel in the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Access to cargo and cargo screening: Security threat assessments for cargo personnel in...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRCRAFT...

2011-10-01

463

49 CFR 1549.7 - Approval, amendment, renewal of the security program and certification of a certified cargo...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Approval, amendment, renewal of the security program and certification of a certified...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY CERTIFIED...

2011-10-01

464

20 CFR 404.1363 - Treatment of social security benefits or payments where Federal benefit payable other than by...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...payable other than by Veterans Administration...payment based on World War II or post-World War II wage credits...States (other than the Veterans Administration...instrumentality based on the veteran's World War II or...

2012-04-01

465

20 CFR 404.1363 - Treatment of social security benefits or payments where Federal benefit payable other than by...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...payable other than by Veterans Administration...payment based on World War II or post-World War II wage credits...States (other than the Veterans Administration...instrumentality based on the veteran's World War II or...

2013-04-01

466

20 CFR 404.1363 - Treatment of social security benefits or payments where Federal benefit payable other than by...  

...payable other than by Veterans Administration...payment based on World War II or post-World War II wage credits...States (other than the Veterans Administration...instrumentality based on the veteran's World War II or...

2014-04-01

467

20 CFR 404.1363 - Treatment of social security benefits or payments where Federal benefit payable other than by...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...payable other than by Veterans Administration...payment based on World War II or post-World War II wage credits...States (other than the Veterans Administration...instrumentality based on the veteran's World War II or...

2011-04-01

468

Security visualization: Cyber security storm map and event correlation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Efficient visualization of cyber incidents is the key in securing increasingly complex information infrastructure. Extrapolating security-related information from data from multiple sources can be a daunting task for organizations to maintain safe and secure operating environment. However, meaningful visualizations can significantly improve decision- making quality and help security administrators in taking rapid response. The purpose of this work is to

Denise Ferebee; Dipankar Dasgupta; Michael Schmidt; Qishi Wu

2011-01-01

469

Administrator Strategies that Support High Fidelity Implementation of the Pyramid Model for Promoting Social-Emotional Competence & Addressing Challenging Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Implementing the Pyramid Model with fidelity and achieving positive outcomes for children and their families requires that administrators understand their roles in the implementation process. Every administrative decision impacts program quality and sustainability. This Policy Brief underscores the importance of facilitative administrative

Mincic, Melissa; Smith, Barbara J.; Strain, Phil

2009-01-01

470

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ADMINISTRATION  

E-print Network

competence : 18 h -Languages : 18 h -Career planning : 18h -Commercial Law : 24 h -Labour Law : 24 h -Labour : 48 h -Marketing or Profit taxation : 60 h -International Finance : 25 h -Income and capital taxation -Communication applied to HR : 30 h -Versatility in planning : 32 h -Planning strategies : 22 h -Law conflicts

Jeanjean, Louis

471

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY  

E-print Network

planning and oversight for programs funded by the Weapons Activities, Defense Nuclear Non- proliferation379 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMINISTRATION Federal Funds General and special in the National Nuclear Security Administration, including official reception and representation expenses

472

77 FR 55218 - Homeland Security Advisory Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...environment; evolving threats in cyber security; Transportation Security Administration...briefing on evolving threats in cyber security. This will include lessons learned...improve the Federal response to a cyber attack. Disclosure of this...

2012-09-07

473

76 FR 81516 - Homeland Security Advisory Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...operational update of the Transportation Security Administration's (TSA) Frequent...examine evolving threats in cyber security; and provide information on the...Vulnerability, and Evolving Threats in Cyber Security. Basis for Closure: In...

2011-12-28

474

49 CFR 1549.107 - Security coordinators.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY CERTIFIED CARGO SCREENING PROGRAM Operations § 1549...Coordinator and alternate, must be available on a 24-hour, 7-days a week...

2010-10-01

475

49 CFR 1549.107 - Security coordinators.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY CERTIFIED CARGO SCREENING PROGRAM Operations § 1549...Coordinator and alternate, must be available on a 24-hour, 7-days a week...

2011-10-01

476

Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy s National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.  

E-print Network

, for the United States Department of Energy s National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL an economically attractive power plant using high-yield z-pinch-driven targets ( 3 GJ) at low rep-rate per chamber., power plant technologies $2M /year Z-Pinch IFE target design $5M /year Z-Pinch IFE target fab., power

477

Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.  

E-print Network

% Efficiency Low Cost 17 m radius Z (circa 1997) #12;APS/DPP November 15, 2004; 7 The Z pulsed power facility provides compact, efficient, power amplification 0 50 100 150 200 0 0.5 1 1.5 Power(TW) Z Time (µs) x ray, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL

478

Using the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Evidence-Based Practice Kits in Social Work Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's climate, it is becoming increasingly important to provide social work students with practice knowledge on research-supported social work interventions. CSWE has placed greater emphasis on using research-based knowledge to inform and guide social work practice, and the field has recognized the value of adhering to the evidence-based…

Myers, Laura L.; Wodarski, John S.

2014-01-01

479

The Application of Human and Social Behavioral-Inspired Security Models for Self-aware Collaborative Cognitive Radio Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses the introduction of anthropology and sociology-inspired approaches to providing security in collaborative self-aware cognitive radio networks. This includes the introduction of not only trust models, but also respect models and ‘intuition’ models. This paper discusses numerous potential benefits from this type of approach, including benefits to algorithm security, compromise recovery, protection from the Byzantine threat, and policy enforcement.

Burbank, Jack L.; Kasch, William T. M.

480

49 CFR 1520.5 - Sensitive security information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Sensitive security information. 1520.5 Section 1520...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY SECURITY RULES FOR ALL MODES OF...

2011-10-01

481

49 CFR 1540.209 - Fees for security threat assessment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Fees for security threat assessment. 1540.209 Section...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY CIVIL...

2011-10-01

482

49 CFR 1542.3 - Airport security coordinator.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Airport security coordinator. 1542.3 Section 1542...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIRPORT...

2011-10-01

483

[The end of discrimination in social security for the elderly? Some remarks on the consequences of the paradigm shift in a life course perspective on gender].  

PubMed

Trying to analyse the effects of the paradigm shift in the old age social security system in Germany (GRV) from a life cycle gender perspective yields light and shade - it is a conglomeration of individual- and family-specific transfers, financed by a mix of contributions and taxes, and with measures of explicit and implicit, intended and not intended ex-post and ex-ante redistribution and discrimination.The paradigm shift has increased the complexity of the system and created additional elements of gender specific discrimination as well as reduced established elements of the so called "social compensation". Furthermore, the relevance of complementary private and occupational pensions will increase absolute and relative due to the reduction of the pension level. This will raise the importance of earnings in old age especially those that are without any elements of social security compensation or without elements of recognition of activities beside employment. Overall the paradigm shift has intensified the discrimination of women in two ways and the pension privatisation has caused redistribution from the bottom to the top. In other words, there is an increase in inter- and intra-gender discrimination. Due to the changes and the emphasis of aspects of an independent old age security savings for women the norm of the "male breadwinner model" has increased. The importance of "providing one's own pension" additionally creates distribution conflicts within a partnership. Because of the necessity of constant payments over time within a private insurance and the changes of an individual income and gender-specific life cycle, conflicts may occur time and again. The dependence of life-long partnerships on each other is not reduced or abolished with the strengthening of the individualistic model of protection, but is qualitatively and quantitatively improved. Against this background, the measures of the statutory pension system which are aimed towards the situation of a woman's life are important factors to combat the disadvantages of private funded pension systems of which mainly women are affected in building up rights to future benefits. The analysis shows that the paradigm shift primarily brings disadvantages to women. They disproportionally depend on statutory pension system benefits, and therefore also on compensating benefits of the negative consequences of private and occupational pension systems. For the future an increase in poverty of older people - and especially women - can be seen to emerge because of pension privatisation and the reduction of the pension level in the German social security system. PMID:19083046

Fachinger, Uwe

2008-10-01

484

The socially evaluated cold-pressor test (SECPT) for groups: effects of repeated administration of a combined physiological and psychological stressor.  

PubMed

The combined administration of physiological (cold pressor) and psychological (social-evaluative threat) stressors, as in the socially evaluated cold pressor test (SECPT; Schwabe et al., 2008) activates the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Thus far, the SECPT has been administered exclusively to individual participants, which requires substantial personal effort and time. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether and to what extent cardiovascular parameters (SNS) and salivary cortisol concentrations (HPA axis) are affected over the course of repeated SECPT administration in a group design. The SECPT was conducted in groups of seven or more persons and repeated twice with a 24-h interval between each administration. During the stress test, the participants (n=61) were videotaped and observed continuously while they immersed their hands into ice-cold (1 °C, experimental group) or room-temperature (20 °C, control group) water. Blood pressure, heart rate, salivary cortisol concentration, and subjective stress perception were measured. All of these parameters increased significantly during each of the three stress exposures; in contrast, they remained constant in the control group. Moreover, the heart rate response towards the stressor decreased significantly over the course of the repeated stress exposures and salivary cortisol concentration of the experimental group was elevated before the third SECPT administration. Our results indicate that the group SECPT activates the SNS and the HPA, leading to increased blood pressure, heart rate, and cortisol concentration. Moreover, the repeated administration leads to habituation exclusively of heart rate. PMID:24845183

Minkley, Nina; Schröder, Thomas P; Wolf, Oliver T; Kirchner, Wolfgang H

2014-07-01

485

[The profile of the physician-specialist in the field of social medicine and health care administration].  

PubMed

The contributions to the discussion on the profile of medical specialists in social medicine and the organization of the health services were discussed by the Advisory Board of the main specialist of the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs CSR for the discipline of social medicine and organization of the health services on April 17, 1989. They are also in the already published first version published n Ceskoslovenské zdravotnctví 37, 1989, No. 4, p. 145-150. PMID:2225195

Elterlein, E; Boucek, J

1990-08-01

486

49 CFR 1572.9 - Applicant information required for HME security threat assessment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Applicant information required for HME security threat assessment. 1572.9 Section...Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MARITIME AND LAND TRANSPORTATION...

2012-10-01

487

Proceedings of Student-Faculty Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, May 8th Virtual Forensics: Social Network Security Solutions  

E-print Network

] Corporate Espionage; Cross Site Scripting, Viruses & Worms; Social Network Site Aggregators; Spear Phishing, or by other person contacting via Virtual Meeting, for example chatting. This paper covers methodologies used and help minimize or prevent crimes related to social networks. 2. Methodology The methods used

Tappert, Charles

488

Energy, Climate & Infrastructure Security  

E-print Network

Energy, Climate & Infrastructure Security EXCEPTIONAL SERVICE IN THE NATIONAL INTEREST Sandia Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear

489

Energy, Climate & Infrastructure Security  

E-print Network

Energy, Climate & Infrastructure Security EXCEPTIONAL SERVICE IN THE NATIONAL INTEREST Sandia owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. SAND 2012-1670P Ensuring the Safe Containment

490

Informal Labor and Social Relations in Northern Malawi: The Theoretical Challenges and Implications of Ganyu Labor for Food Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Food insecurity is a problem faced by smallholder farmers in Malawi. In any given year between 70 and 85 percent of households run out of food stocks several months prior to the next harvest. Once food stocks are depleted many households obtain food by doing ganyu. This paper uses qualitative data to examine ganyu in relation to food security in…

Kerr, Rachel

2005-01-01

491

Analysis of modern IS security development approaches: towards the next generation of social and adaptable ISS methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various modern approaches to Information Systems Security (ISS) development, influenced, e.g., by information systems (IS) development methods, have been presented. While we see these approaches as serious attempts to improve ISS, they have not received much attention in the literature. One reason for this is that these methods have been developed by scholars from different research traditions and disciplines. This

Mikko T. Siponen

2005-01-01

492

17 CFR 200.14 - Office of Administrative Law Judges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION; CONDUCT AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS Organization and Program Management General Organization § 200.14 Office of Administrative Law...

2010-04-01

493

14 CFR 99.7 - Special security instructions.  

...Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES SECURITY CONTROL OF AIR TRAFFIC General § 99.7 Special security instructions. Each person...

2014-01-01

494

14 CFR 99.7 - Special security instructions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES SECURITY CONTROL OF AIR TRAFFIC General § 99.7 Special security instructions. Each person...

2013-01-01

495

14 CFR 99.7 - Special security instructions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES SECURITY CONTROL OF AIR TRAFFIC General § 99.7 Special security instructions. Each person...

2010-01-01

496

14 CFR 99.7 - Special security instructions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES SECURITY CONTROL OF AIR TRAFFIC General § 99.7 Special security instructions. Each person...

2011-01-01

497

14 CFR 99.7 - Special security instructions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES SECURITY CONTROL OF AIR TRAFFIC General § 99.7 Special security instructions. Each person...

2012-01-01

498

Test Administration Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for increased exam security, improved test formats, more flexible scheduling, better measurement, and more efficient administrative processes has caused testing agencies to consider converting the administration of their exams from paper-and-pencil to computer-based testing (CBT). Many decisions must be made in order to provide an optimal…

Becker, Kirk A.; Bergstrom, Betty A.

2013-01-01

499

Homosexuality and Personnel Security.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study examines the relationship between homosexuality and personnel security. It reviews legal, biological and social science literature on homosexuality. The study concludes that there are few data to support the premise that all homosexuals represe...

T. R. Sarbin

1991-01-01

500

AI and Security Informatics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the tragic events of September 11, security research has become critically important for the entire world. Academics in fields such as computational science, information systems, social sciences, engineering, and medicine have been called on to help enhance our ability to fight violence, terrorism, and other crimes. The US 2002 National Strategy for Homeland Security report identified science and technology

Hsinchun Chen

2010-01-01