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1

SOFT’ VERSUS ‘HARD’ NEWS ON MICROBLOGGING NETWORKS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the variability of produsage (the hybridization of production and consumption) within popular social media by introducing semantic network analysis of information communication on Twitter. Utilizing user data (n[2,254,806]), the study examines the dynamics of produsage (a) as a function of user activity and (b) whether produsage levels vary based on either ‘soft’ or ‘hard’ news information. The

Tyler J. Horan

2012-01-01

2

Circling the Wagons: Soft News and Isolationism in American Public Opinion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the differences in coverage of foreign policy by the soft and hard news media, and the implications of such differences for public attitudes regarding the appropriate U.S. role in the world. I find that, relative to traditional news outlets, the soft news media place greater emphasis on dramatic, human-interest themes and episodic frames and less emphasis on

Matthew A. Baum

2004-01-01

3

Researching Media Convergence and Crossmedia News Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digitization of production has facilitated changes in the organization and practices of journalism. Technological convergence, media convergence and organizational conver- gence have helped change the way in which news is made. A substantial amount of research has been done on news production in general, and television news in particular. However, little research has been done specifically on the production context

IVAR JOHN ERDAL

4

Product News versus Advertising: An Exploration within a Student Population.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An exploratory survey (part of a larger study) examined the relative effectiveness of news versus advertising as sources of product information. Subjects, 140 undergraduate students enrolled in an introductory public speaking course or a course in visual communication, completed a 5-page media interest survey. Results indicated that news rates…

Hallahan, Kirk

5

21 CFR 886.5928 - Soft (hydrophilic) contact lens care products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Soft (hydrophilic) contact lens care products. 886.5928 ...886.5928 Soft (hydrophilic) contact lens care products. (a) Identification. A soft (hydrophilic) contact lens care product is a device...

2010-04-01

6

21 CFR 886.5928 - Soft (hydrophilic) contact lens care products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Soft (hydrophilic) contact lens care products. 886.5928 ...886.5928 Soft (hydrophilic) contact lens care products. (a) Identification. A soft (hydrophilic) contact lens care product is a device...

2009-04-01

7

Production of soft dileptons in the quark-gluon plasma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The production rate for soft dileptons in a hot quark-gluon plasma is computed to leading order in the QCD coupling constant through a systematic resummation of perturbation theory. The partial rate from the annihilation and decay of soft quarks and antiquarks exhibits unexpected structure---sharp peaks due to Van Hove singularities. These peaks are overwhelmed by the partial rate from processes

Eric Braaten; Robert Pisarski; Tzu Yuan

1990-01-01

8

Assertions of identities through news productionNews-making among teenage Muslim girls in London and New York  

Microsoft Academic Search

British Muslim frustration with the media is well researched and documented; their main concern is how news discourses on Islam influence opinions of majority audiences. This article argues that production-based audience research methods give insight into how minority audiences see themselves in relation to the majority and how groups negotiate a sense of belonging through media discourses. The study used

Habiba Noor

2007-01-01

9

Financial news journalismA post-Enron analysis of approaches towards economic and financial news production in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

The collapse of Enron and other corporate scandals have raised concerns about the efficacy of financial journalism. Based on research on where reporters get their ideas for stories and how they approach their work, this article explores the particular circumstances in which production of financial and economic news takes place. The author argues that, while reporters are generally highly sceptical

Gillian Doyle

2006-01-01

10

Interaction of regional news-media production and consumption through the social space  

Microsoft Academic Search

News-media organisations are operating in increasingly competitive and fragmented markets for audiences and advertising revenues. Through the advent of the Internet, regional news media are experiencing a revolution in their production and administrative processes, such that their survival depends on their ability to find a workable online business model. A growing army of bloggers and amateur citizen journalists now delivers

Finola Kerrigan; Gary Graham

2010-01-01

11

News Producers' Pressures on Advertisers: Production of Paid News in Slovenian Television Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

While media and journalism studies focus on advertising pressures on news producers, media pressures on advertisers are overlooked. The present study is the first to analyze media pressures on advertisers and the ways in which all participants interpret the phenomenon. This study used ethnographic methods to study 10 Slovenian television stations and 10 corporate marketing departments, as well as in-depth

Karmen Erjavec; Melita Poler Kova?i?

2010-01-01

12

ATLAS measurements of soft particle production and diffraction  

SciTech Connect

The ATLAS Collaboration has measured a wide range of properties of soft particle production in {radical}(s) = 900GeV and {radical}(s) = 7TeV proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). These include forward-backward and azimuthal correlations, azimuthal ordering of hadron production, underlying event properties and their dependence on aspects of the hard scattering process. The inelastic and diffractive cross sections have also been measured, using particle forward flow and rapidity gaps. Many of these measurements are used to develop and tune models for soft particle production.

Todorova-Nova, Sarka [Tufts University, Medford, MA (United States); Collaboration: ATLAS Collaboration

2012-10-23

13

Strategy and Structure for Online News Production – Case Studies of CNN and NRK  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This cross-national comparative case study of online news production analyzes the strategies of Cable News Network (CNN) and\\u000a the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK), aiming at understanding of the implications of organizational\\u000a strategy on the role\\u000a of journalists, explains why traditional media organizations have a tendency to develop a multi-platform approach (distributing content on several platforms, such as television, online, mobile)

Arne H. Krumsvik

14

Anomalous Soft Photons associated with Hadron Production in String Fragmentation  

SciTech Connect

The bosonized QCD2+QED2 system for quarks with two flavors contains QCD2 and QED2 bound states, with an isoscalar photon at about 25 MeV and an isovector (I = 1,I{sub 3} = 0) photon at about 44 MeV. Consequently, when a quark and an antiquark at the two ends of a string pulls apart from each other at high energies, hadrons and soft photons will be produced simultaneously in the fragmentation of the string. The production of the QED2 soft photons in association with hadrons may explain the anomalous soft photon data in hadron-hadron collisions and e{sup +}-e{sup -} annihilations at high energies.

Wong, Cheuk-Yin [Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

2011-05-23

15

News Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A set of recursive relations called NEWS (for New-Product Early Warning System) is here presented in its own right as a separable part of the DEMON System for marketing new products. NEWS is designed to distinguish the variables and relations that are usu...

A. Charnes W. W. Cooper J. K. Devoe D. B. Learner L. Light

1968-01-01

16

The Family Business: Entertainment Products and the Network Morning News Shows  

Microsoft Academic Search

The morning news programs provide an excellent forum for television broadcast networks to benefit from “corporate synergy,” but do they simultaneously compromise the intent of the social responsibility theory of the press? This study measured the entertainment content of the three network morning shows and correlated that to the ownership of the programs and the products being promoted. Results show

Johanna Cleary; Terry Adams-Bloom

2009-01-01

17

Is the Internet Bad News? The Online News Era and the Market for High-Quality News  

Microsoft Academic Search

We review and model the impact of the internet on the production and uptake of high-quality news. Our review of trends in the market for news suggests three stylized facts: i) particular quality news markets are dominated by merely a few providers, ii) demand for quality news appears stable, but provision of news has become specialized; mainstream news is decoupled

Paul Frijters; Malathi Velamuriy

2010-01-01

18

News Media's Incorporation of User-Driven Communication Platforms into News Gathering, Production, and Presentation: Credible Source or Incredible Claims?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at the implications of user-driven communication platforms (i.e. social media sites, and user generated content) upon professional journalism and news. Mainstream media's incorporation of these platforms, particularly in the reporting of conflict and emergency events sans journalist-presence raise questions regarding their influence upon journalistic routines, and on media-supported 'truth-claims'. The paper explores how user-driven images and information

Amira Firdaus

19

Tragedies of the Broadcast Commons: Consumer Perspectives on the Ethics of Product Placement and Video News Releases  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores cynicism as an ethical issue associated with the blurring of content and advertising in mass media. From a communitarian perspective and adapting Hardin's (1968) metaphorical use of “commons” to the domain of broadcasting, we surveyed the attitudes of individuals toward two phenomena of media saturation (product placement and video news releases) and three constructs (cynicism directed toward

Jay Newell; Jeffrey Layne Blevins; Michael Bugeja

2009-01-01

20

THE ROLE OF JOURNALISTS IN A DIGITAL AGE Strategy and Structure for Online News Production - Case Studies of CNN and NRK  

Microsoft Academic Search

This cross-national comparative case study of online news production analyzes the strategies of Cable News Network (CNN) and the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK), aiming to contribute to the understanding of the implications of organizational strategy on the role of journalists and explaining why traditional media organizations have a tendency to develop a cross platform approach (distributing content on several platforms,

Arne H. Krumsvik

21

Diffraction production in a soft interaction model: Mass distributions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the framework of the Gotsman-Levin-Maor model for soft interaction with ?IP'(0)=0, we propose a procedure based on Gribov’s partonic interpretation of the Pomeron, which enables one to calculate the diffractive mass distributions in hadron-hadron scattering. Using the analogy with deep-inelastic scattering, we associate the Pomeron-quark interaction with the Good-Walker sector of the hadron-hadron scattering, and the Pomeron-gluon sector with the t-channel Pomeron interactions. We present predicted mass distributions for the LHC energies.

Gotsman, E.; Levin, E.; Maor, U.

2013-04-01

22

Coherent soft particle production in Z decays into three jets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low-energy particle production perpendicular to the event plane in three-jet events produced in Z decays in e+e? annihilation is measured and compared to that perpendicular to the event axis in two-jet events. The topology dependence of the hadron production ratio is found to agree with a leading-order QCD prediction. This agreement and especially the need for the presence of a

J. Abdallah; P. Abreu; W. Adam; P. Adzic; T. Albrecht; T. Alderweireld; R. Alemany-Fernandez; T. Allmendinger; P. P. Allport; Ugo Amaldi; N. Amapane; S. Amato; E. Anashkin; A. Andreazza; S. Andringa; N. Anjos; P. Antilogus; W. D. Apel; Y. Arnoud; S. Ask; B. Asman; J. E. Augustin; A. Augustinus; Paul Baillon; A. Ballestrero; P. Bambade; R. Barbier; Dimitri Yuri Bardin; G J Barker; A. Baroncelli; Marco Battaglia; M. Baubillier; K.-H. Becks; M. Begalli; A. Behrmann; E. Ben-Haim; N C Benekos; Alberto C Benvenuti; C. Berat; M. Berggren; L. Berntzon; D. Bertrand; M. Besancon; N. Besson; D. Bloch; M. Blom; M. Bonesini; M. Boonekamp; P. S. L. Booth; G. Borisov; O. Botner; B. Bouquet; T. J. V. Bowcock; I. Boyko; M. Bracko; R. Brenner; E. Brodet; P. Bruckman; J. M. Brunet; L. Bugge; P. Buschmann; M. Calvi; T. Camporesi; V. Canale; F. Carena; N. Castro; F R Cavallo; M M Chapkin; Ph. Charpentier; P. Checchia; R. Chierici; P. Chliapnikov; J. Chudoba; S. U. Chung; K. Cieslik; P. Collins; R. Contri; G. Cosme; F. Cossutti; M. J. Costa; D J Crennell; J Cuevas-Maestro; J. D'Hondt; T. da Silva; W. Da Silva; G. Della Ricca; A. De Angelis; Wim de Boer; C. De Clercq; B. De Lotto; N. De Maria; A. De Min; L S De Paula; L. Di Ciaccio; A. Di Simone; K. Doroba; J. Drees; M. Dris; G. Eigen; T J C Ekelöf; M. Ellert; M. C. Espirito Santo; G K Fanourakis; D. Fassouliotis; M. Feindt; J. Fernandez; A. Ferrer; F. Ferro; U. Flagmeyer; H. Foeth; E. Fokitis; F. Fulda-Quenzer; J A Fuster; M. Gandelman; C. Garcia; Ph. Gavillet; E N Gazis; R. Gokieli; B. Golob; G. Gomez-Ceballos; P. Goncalves; E. Graziani; G. Grosdidier; K. Grzelak; J. Guy; C. Haag; A. Hallgren; K. Hamacher; S. Haug; F. Hauler; V. Hedberg; M. Hennecke; H. Herr; J. Hoffman; S.-O. Holmgren; P. J. Holt; M. A. Houlden; K. Hultqvist; J. N. Jackson; G. Jarlskog; P. Jarry; D. Jeans; E. K. Johansson; P. D. Johansson; P. Jonsson; C. Joram; L. Jungermann; F. Kapusta; S. Katsanevas; E C Katsoufis; B. P. Kersevan; U. Kerzel; A P Kiiskinen; B. T. King; N. J. Kjaer; P. Kluit; P. Kokkinias; C. Kourkoumelis; O. Kouznetsov; Z Krumshtein; M. Kucharczyk; J. Lamsa; G. Leder; F. Ledroit; L. Leinonen; R. Leitner; J. Lemonne; V. Lepeltier; T. Lesiak; W. Liebig; D. Liko; A. Lipniacka; J. H. Lopes; J. M. Lopez; D. Loukas; P. Lutz; L. Lyons; J. MacNaughton; A. Malek; S. Maltezos; F. Mandl; J. Marco; R. Marco; B. Marechal; M. Margoni; J.-C. Marin; C. Mariotti; A. Markou; C. Martinez-Rivero; J. Masik; N. Mastroyiannopoulos; F. Matorras; C. Matteuzzi; F. Mazzucato; M. Mazzucato; R. McNulty; C. Meroni; E. Migliore; W A Mitaroff; U. Mjoernmark; T. Moa; M. Moch; K. Moenig; R. Monge; J. Montenegro; D. Moraes; S. Moreno; P. Morettini; U. Mueller; K. Muenich; M. Mulders; L. Mundim; W. Murray; B. Muryn; G. Myatt; T. Myklebust; M. Nassiakou; Francesco Luigi Navarria; K. Nawrocki; R. Nicolaidou; M. Nikolenko; A. Oblakowska-Mucha; V F Obraztsov; A G Olshevskii; A. Olshevski; R. Orava; K. Osterberg; A. Ouraou; A. Oyanguren; M. Paganoni; S. Paiano; J. P. Palacios; H. Palka; Th. D. Papadopoulou; L. Pape; C. Parkes; F. Parodi; U. Parzefall; A. Passeri; O. Passon; L. Peralta; V F Perepelitsa; A. Perrotta; A. Petrolini; J. Piedra; L. Pieri; F. Pierre; M. Pimenta; E. Piotto; T. Podobnik; V. Poireau; M. E. Pol; G. Polok; P. Poropat; V. Pozdniakov; N. Pukhaeva; A. Pullia; J. Rames; L. Ramler; A. Read; P. Rebecchi; J. Rehn; D. Reid; R. Reinhardt; P. Renton; F. Richard; J. Ridky; M. Rivero; D. Rodriguez; A. Romero; P. Ronchese; T. Rovelli; V. Ruhlmann-Kleider; D. Ryabtchikov; A. Sadovsky; L. Salmi; J. Salt; A. Savoy-Navarro; U. Schwickerath; A. Segar; R. Sekulin; M. Siebel; A. Sisakian; G. Smadja; O. Smirnova; A. Sokolov; R. Sosnowski; T. Spassov; M. Stanitzki; A. Stocchi; J. Strauss; B. Stugu; M. Szczekowski; T. Szumlak; T. Tabarelli; A. C. Taffard; F. Tegenfeldt; J. Timmermans; L. Tkatchev; M. Tobin; S. Todorovova; B. Tome; A. Tonazzo; P Travnicek; D. Treille; G. Tristram; M. Trochimczuk; C. Troncon; M.-L. Turluer; I. A. Tyapkin; P. Tyapkin; S. Tzamarias; V. Uvarov; G. Valenti; P. Van Dam; J. Van Eldik; A. Van Lysebetten; N. van Remortel; I. Van Vulpen; G. Vegni; F. Veloso; W. Venus; P. Verdier; V. Verzi; D. Vilanova; L. Vitale; V. Vrba; H. Wahlen; A. J. Washbrook; C. Weiser; D. Wicke; J. Wickens; G. Wilkinson; M. Winter; O. Yushchenko; A. Zalewska; P. Zalewski; D. Zavrtanik; V. Zhuravlov; N. I. Zimin; A. Zintchenko; M. Zupan

2005-01-01

23

Renewable Energy News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Renewable Energy News is a comprehensive source which provides world-wide updates on all aspects of renewable energies. The site provides links to organizations and web directories of related products and information. The site is organized in a user-friendly way with issues organized by topic or region. Science, technology, economy energy, and nuclear review are highlighted areas of news.

2007-09-17

24

Production of coherent XUV and soft x-rays using a transverse optical Klystron  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the theory of the production of coherent XUV and soft x-rays using a Transverse Optical Klystron (TOK). A TOK uses a high powered laser in conjunction with an undulator magnet to produce laser-like output of XUV radiation from a relativistic electron beam.

R. R. Freeman; B. M. Kincaid

1984-01-01

25

Development of Metallurgical Techniques for the Production of Very Soft Steels by Continuous Casting Methods.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A method of producing wire from killed, small-sized continuous cast steel was developed in order to replace the very soft grades cast in ingots from unkilled steel. This necessitated changes to the plant and applying certain techniques to the production p...

H. Hinze H. P. Discher

1982-01-01

26

International News Flows in the Post-Cold War World: Mapping the News and the News Producers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews the global political environment, major global news providers, and technologies of global news production. Argues for a multinational comparative mapping of international news representation in the 1990s. Outlines a major international venture to update and elaborate the 1979 UNESCO/IAMCR study of foreign news in the media of 29…

Sreberny-Mohammadi, Annabelle

1995-01-01

27

Massive Boson Production at Small qT in Soft-Collinear Effective Theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the differential cross sections for electroweak gauge-boson and Higgs production at small and very small transverse-momentum qT. Large logarithms are resummed using soft-collinear effective theory. The collinear anomaly generates a non-perturbative scale q*, which protects the processes from receiving large long-distance hadronic contributions. A numerical comparison of our predictions with data on the transverse-momentum distribution in Z-boson production at the Tevatron and LHC is given.

Becher, Thomas; Neubert, Matthias; Wilhelm, Daniel

2013-01-01

28

Soft open charm production in Heavy-Ion Collisions.  

PubMed

The effects of strong longitudinal color electric fields on the open charm production in nucleus-nucleus (A+A) collisions at 200A GeV are investigated within the framework of the HIJING/BB[over ] v2.0 model. A threefold increase of the effective string tension due to in-medium effects in A+A collisions results in a sizable ( approximately 60%-70%) enhancement of the total charm production cross sections (sigma (cc)(NN)). The nuclear modification factor shows a suppression at moderate transverse momentum (p(T)) consistent with BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider data. At Large Hadron Collider energies the model predicts an increase of sigma (cc)(NN) by approximately an order of magnitude. PMID:19658927

Topor Pop, V; Barrette, J; Gyulassy, M

2009-06-09

29

Routines and the making of oppositional news  

Microsoft Academic Search

This participant observation study takes a critical look at the idea of “news routines.” By looking at a politically oppositional news room, it is possible to sort through the elements of production to discover just which ones make this radio station's news “oppositional.” Some scholars say that news routines, like the need to show balance or to report events instead

Nina Eliasoph

1988-01-01

30

PRODUCTION OF BIOFUEL FROM SOFT SHELL OF PISTACHIO (PISTACIA VERA L.)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soft shell of pistachio (Pistacia veraL.) pyrolysis experiments were performed in a fixed-bed reactor to produce bio-oil. The effects of temperature, heating rate, and sweep gas (N2) flow rates on the yields and compositions of products were investigated. Pyrolysis runs were performed using reactor temperatures between 350° and 500°C with heating rates of 15° and 50°C\\/min. Nitrogen flow rates varied

?lknur Demiral; Nurdilek Gülmezo?lu Atilgan; Sevgi ?ensöz

2008-01-01

31

Dental Health Benefits of an Innovative Soft Rawhide Product for Small Dogs  

Microsoft Academic Search

A crossover clinical trial was conducted in small client-owned dogs (<15 lbs.) to evaluate the effects on dental health of an innovative soft rawhide product coated with an anti-calculus agent and an anti-microbial agent. The dogs were given a complete dental prophylaxis at the initiation of each 4-week test period. During the test period the dogs were maintained on a

George K. Stookey; Janice M. Warrick; Gregory A. Inskeep

32

The Discursive Production of Subjectivity in Television News: Reflecting the Other on the Obese Child's Body  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I expand on poststructuralist and feminist theories of the body, gender, and subjectivity through an analysis of media discourse on childhood obesity. Through textual and narrative analyses of news segments on childhood obesity, I demonstrate that the obese child's body, as an abnormal body, is represented as a text of the 'abnormal' conditions in which that body

Elise Chatelain

2005-01-01

33

Creating and Sustaining an Interest in the News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recommends classroom activities and student projects designed to foster an interest in the news. Argues that student participation in active news gathering and interpretation will enable them to recognize news bias and emotional appeal. Suggests production of a newspaper, a newscast, an editorial, and assembly of a news review comparing news from…

Benenson, Wayne

1991-01-01

34

News Sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

People worldwide rely on the news media to report current events accurately and without bias. TV and radio have been available for decades to report the news, but the Internet is rapidly becoming a major source for instantaneous news. During and following the events of September 11, users with access to the Internet watched the terrorist attacks of September unfold

M. Sandra Wood

2001-01-01

35

Confirmatory News  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates how competition in the media affects the quality of news. In our model, demand for news depends on the market perception of the media's ability to receive correct information: it is positive if and only if news is potentially useful for the voting decision. When the media receives information which contradics commonly shared priors, it either reports

Elena Panova

2009-01-01

36

Heavy quarkonium production at low P? in nonrelativistic QCD with soft gluon resummation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We extend the nonrelativistic QCD (NRQCD) prediction for the production of heavy quarkonium with low transverse momentum in hadronic collisions by taking into account effects from all-order soft gluon resummation. Following the Collins-Soper-Sterman formalism, we resum the most singular terms in the partonic subprocesses. The theoretical predictions of J/? and ? productions are compared to the experimental data from the fixed target experiments (E866) and the collider experiments (RHIC, Tevatron, LHC). The associated nonperturbative Sudakov form factor for the gluon distributions is found to be different from the previous assumption of rescaling the quark form factor by the ratio of color factors. This conclusion should be further checked by future experiments on Higgs boson and/or diphoton production in pp collisions. We also comment on the implication of our results on determining the color-octet matrix elements associated with the J/? and ? productions in the NRQCD factorization formalism.

Sun, Peng; Yuan, C.-P.; Yuan, Feng

2013-09-01

37

Top-quark pair production at high invariant mass: an NNLO soft plus virtual approximation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We obtain a soft plus virtual approximation to the NNLO QCD contributions to the top-pair invariant mass distribution at hadron colliders. It is valid up to corrections of order , with M the pair invariant mass. This is currently the most complete QCD calculation for a differential cross section in top-quark pair production, and is useful for describing the high invariant mass region characteristic of boosted top quarks. We use our results to construct an improved NNLO approximation for the pair invariant mass distribution and compare it with previous, less complete approximations based on logarithmic terms from NNLL soft-gluon resummation alone. We find that the new NNLO approximation produces moderate enhancements of the differential cross section compared to previous ones, the effect being slightly more important at low values of invariant mass than at high ones. On the other hand, at high values of invariant mass the new NNLO corrections are dominated by even higher-order effects included in NNLL soft-gluon resummation, reaffirming the need for resummation in describing the highly boosted regime.

Ferroglia, Andrea; Pecjak, Ben D.; Yang, Li Lin

2013-09-01

38

Comparative in vitro biomechanical evaluation of two soft tissue defect products.  

PubMed

A soft tissue defect is often an unavoidable consequence of various surgical procedures or a result of trauma. Recently, intraoperative use of xenograft as a patch to the soft tissue defect has become popular with various products available in the market. In this study, mechanical properties of the OrthADAPTtrade mark Bioimplants (Pegasus Biologics, Irvine, CA), new xenograft products composed of collagen from equine pericardium, were evaluated individually and against an existing bioimplant product. The OrthADAPTtrade mark Bioimplants have three subtypes which differ in the degree of crosslinking of collagen strands. The three products are named as FX, PX, and MX in the order of the degree of collagen crosslinking and likely durability in vivo, with FX most dense in crosslinking and hence most durable. The three subtypes underwent three destructive mechanical tests: tensile strength, suture pull-out strength, and burst strength test. In tensile strength and suture pull-out strength tests, the three products were compared with CuffPatchtrade mark, a similar collagen-based xenograft product from a competing manufacturer. In the burst strength test, the three products were compared with untreated equine pericardium tissue. In tensile strength and suture pull-out strength tests, the products FX and MX were shown to have mechanical properties that were comparable with CuffPatch, while the mechanical strength of PX was significantly inferior to FX and CuffPatch in tensile strength test. In burst strength test, there were no differences in mechanical properties among the three OrthADAPT Bioimplants. This study demonstrates the biomechanical equivalence of OrthADAPT with CuffPatch. (c) 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2007. PMID:17415772

Johnson, Wesley; Inamasu, Joji; Yantzer, Brenda; Papangelou, Christopher; Guiot, Bernard

2007-04-01

39

Right-handed neutrino production at finite temperature: radiative corrections, soft and collinear divergences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The production and decay rate of massive sterile neutrinos at finite temperature receives next-to-leading order corrections from the gauge interactions of lepton and Higgs doublets. Using the Closed-Time-Path approach, we demonstrate that the perturbatively obtained inclusive rate is finite. For this purpose, we show that soft, collinear and Bose divergences cancel when adding the tree-level rates from 1 ? 3 and 2 ? 2 processes to vertex and wave-function corrections to 1 ? 2 processes. These results hold for a general momentum of the sterile neutrino with respect to the plasma frame. Moreover, they do not rely on non-relativistic approximations, such that the full quantum-statistical effects are accounted for to the given order in perturbation theory. While the neutrino production rate is of relevance for Leptogenesis, the proposed methods may as well be suitable for application to a more general class of relativistic transport phenomena.

Garbrecht, Björn; Glowna, Frank; Herranen, Matti

2013-04-01

40

RFID News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For additional updates on the development of RFID technology, RFID News maintains current news about emerging standards (including the controversial ISO 11784/85 standard), innovative applications, and general issues. Some topics covered include pet identification devices, intellectual property, and court cases involving RFID.

2008-05-13

41

Transponder News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Transponder News offers several articles that explore the technology of radio frequency identification (RFID) in greater detail. Topics include choosing the frequency, types of RFID systems, suppliers, trends, and technical reports. Visitors will also find links to interviews, standards, and registration for Transponder News' newsletter of site updates.

Marsh, Mike

1969-12-31

42

News Media.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The news media provides a public forum that educates and informs the government and the governed. The tension between news as a business commodity and public good affects newsgathering and dissemination--what the public wants to know and what they need to...

J. Benfer J. Bohr J. Chambers R. Castellvi W. Beard

2004-01-01

43

Wait! Don't Turn That Dial! More Excitement to Come! The Effects of Story Length and Production Pacing in Local Television News on Channel Changing Behavior and Information Processing in a Free Choice Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates whether news story length and production pac- ing affect channel changing behavior in younger and older adults. Viewers used a remote control device to choose among four local news programs that varied systematically by story length and pacing. In gen- eral, pacing and length have greater effects on younger viewers. Fast pacing increased viewers' evaluations of the

Annie Lang; Mija Shin; Samuel D. Bradley; Zheng Wang; Seungjo Lee; Deborah Potter

2005-01-01

44

Making the News: Jobs in TV Journalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What do TV news workers do each day? For many of them, contributing to daily news broadcasts has changed greatly over the years. This evolution will likely continue for years to come. And more changes to news production are expected, according to Tom Weir, an associate professor at the University of South Carolina's School of Journalism and Mass…

Csorny, Lauren

2009-01-01

45

Heavy-flavor effects in soft gluon resummation for electroweak boson production at hadron colliders  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We evaluate the impact of heavy-quark masses on transverse momentum (qT) distributions of W, Z, and supersymmetric neutral Higgs bosons at the Tevatron and LHC. The masses of charm and bottom quarks act as non-negligible momentum scales at small qT and affect resummation of soft and collinear radiation. We point out inconsistencies in the treatment of heavy-flavor channels at small qT in massless and fixed-flavor number factorization schemes, and formulate small-qT resummation in a general-mass variable flavor number factorization scheme. The improved treatment of the quark-mass dependence leads to non-negligible effects in precision measurements of the W boson mass at the LHC and may cause observable modifications in production of Higgs bosons and other particles in heavy-quark scattering.

Berge, Stefan; Nadolsky, Pavel M.; Olness, Fredrick I.

2006-01-01

46

Pulse News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It can be quite fun to read the news, but about what the beauty of viewing a clutch of colorful news sites? Pulse is an "elegant news reading application" designed for the iPhone, Android, and other mobile devices. The application uses colorful panning story bars and populates them with content from sources (such as CNN, the BBC, and so on) selected by the user. Visitors can sign up for a free account, and they will also want to read over the FAQ section on the site.

2012-02-03

47

News & Events  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Transparency; Website Policies. FDA. US Food and Drug ... 888-463-6332) Email FDA. USA.gov; E ... International Programs; News & Events; Training and ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/newsevents

48

SoftBank II 22  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... SoftBank II 22. Applicant: Soft Computer Consultants, Inc. 510(k) number: BK020021. Product: SoftBank II 22. Date: 09/11/2002. -. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts/approvedproducts

49

US Water News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the home page of the monthly publication US Water News. Most online content is news coverage of water supply and quality, legislation, water rights, conservation, and the global waterfront. The collection of links is quite impressive, with state, federal, international, nonprofit, and many other resources listed. Assorted buyer's guides for a wide variety of water products are given with links to online catalogs. For people that want to stay current on new developments and technologies, there is also information about upcoming water related conferences from around the world.

50

TV Producer Juggles Daily News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Brennan discusses the daily activities required in the production of a television news show. In "The Not-So-Glamorous Life of a TV Reporter," Linda Yu describes the time and effort required to become a television reporter. (LS)|

Brennan, Bill

1989-01-01

51

Role of temperature, chlorine, and organic matter in copper corrosion by-product release in soft water.  

PubMed

Soft, low alkalinity drinking waters tend to cause relatively high copper corrosion by-product release in plumbing systems. Long-term tests (6-8 months) in a synthetic, microbially stable soft tap water confirmed that lower pHs and higher temperatures increased copper release to water. Soluble copper release increased at lower temperature and lower pH. Low levels of free chlorine (0.7 mg/L) slightly increased copper release at pH 9.5, in marked contrast to the dramatic reductions in copper release that have been observed in soft waters in which Type III pitting corrosion is occurring. Gum xanthan and sodium alginate produced a microbially unstable water that reduced the pH and DO during stagnation in pipes--these indirect effects far outweighed their possible role in chelation or other modes of direct attack on copper surfaces. PMID:11228965

Boulay, N; Edwards, M

2001-03-01

52

Sex, Violence, and Consonance\\/Differentiation: An Analysis of Local TV News Values  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of duplication and differentiation in local television news indicates that local producers show a preference for sensational stories that feature acts of sex and violence and are easy to explain. Local television news shows little differentiation in topical areas of these stories built of concrete fact, but it tends to differentiate more in soft news topics.

William R. Davie; Jung-Sook Lee

1995-01-01

53

News and the overloaded consumer: factors influencing information overload among news consumers.  

PubMed

News producers continue to increase their volume of production and delivery platforms in an effort to reach and maintain news consumers. However, consumers may not necessarily find more news desirable. Previous studies have suggested that information surplus can lead to negative outcomes for consumers, but research of outcomes related to news production and consumption has been scant. This study explores novel areas of news surplus and overload, empirically examining factors associated with the degree of perceived overload across a broad spectrum of news delivery platforms. The findings reveal that the majority of today's news consumers feel overloaded with the amount of news they are confronted with. Gender, news interest, and the use of specific news platforms and outlets predict the degree of that overload. News access through platforms and outlets such as computers, e-readers, and Facebook is positively associated with overload, whereas other platforms such as television and the iPhone are negatively associated with overload. Implications for media psychology and news consumption are discussed. PMID:23020743

Holton, Avery E; Chyi, Hsiang Iris

2012-09-28

54

Straight shooting - Developing camera ethics and multiple literacy through digital video news production in high schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article highlights the imperative of developing multiple media literacy skills in high school students to prepare them for work in a world plagued by complex social, political, economic and environmental issues. These skills can be imbued through the integration of the concepts of journalism ethics with journalism’s role in a democracy within the practical aspects of production of digital

David Blackall; L. Lockyer; I. Brown

2004-01-01

55

Computer News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents several news stories about computers and technology. (1) Applied Science Associates of Narragansett, Rhode Island is providing computer modeling technology to help locate the remains to the USS Bonhomme Richard, which sank in 1779 after claiming a Revolutionary War victory. (2) Whyville, the leading edu-tainment virtual…

Science Activities: Classroom Projects and Curriculum Ideas, 2007

2007-01-01

56

Vicki Mayer - Guys Gone Wild? Soft-Core Video Professionalism and New Realities in Television Production - Cinema Journal 47:2  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay presents an ethnographic perspective on the performance of cameramen in the soft-core reality video industry. Much like the self-narratives among television producers, soft-core videographers frame their actions through masculinist discourses, which are then destabilized through the production process and labor conditions in the television economy.

Vicki Mayer

2008-01-01

57

Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Natural Products Isolated from Soft Corals of Taiwan between 2008 and 2012.  

PubMed

This review reports details on the natural products isolated from Taiwan soft corals during the period 2008-2012 focusing on their in vitro and/or in vivo anti-inflammatory activities. Chemical structures, names, and literature references are also reported. This review provides useful and specific information on potent anti-inflammatory marine metabolites for future development of immune-modulatory therapeutics. PMID:24152566

Wei, Wen-Chi; Sung, Ping-Jyun; Duh, Chang-Yih; Chen, Bo-Wei; Sheu, Jyh-Horng; Yang, Ning-Sun

2013-10-23

58

Study of the dependence of direct soft photon production on the jet characteristics in hadronic Z 0 decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of the direct soft photon production rate as a function of the parent jet characteristics is presented, based\\u000a on hadronic events collected by the DELPHI experiment at LEP1. The dependences of the photon rates on the jet kinematic characteristics\\u000a (momentum, mass, etc.) and on the jet charged, neutral and total hadron multiplicities are reported. Up to a scale

J. Abdallah; P. Abreu; W. Adam; P. Adzic; T. Albrecht; R. Alemany-Fernandez; T. Allmendinger; P. P. Allport; U. Amaldi; N. Amapane; S. Amato; E. Anashkin; A. Andreazza; S. Andringa; N. Anjos; P. Antilogus; W. D. Apel; Y. Arnoud; S. Ask; B. Asman; J. E. Augustin; A. Augustinus; P. Baillon; A. Ballestrero; P. Bambade; R. Barbier; D. Bardin; G. J. Barker; A. Baroncelli; M. Battaglia; M. Baubillier; K. H. Becks; M. Begalli; A. Behrmann; E. Ben-Haim; N. Benekos; A. Benvenuti; C. Berat; M. Berggren; D. Bertrand; M. Besancon; N. Besson; D. Bloch; M. Blom; M. Bluj; M. Bonesini; M. Boonekamp; P. S. L. Booth; G. Borisov; O. Botner; B. Bouquet; T. J. V. Bowcock; I. Boyko; M. Bracko; R. Brenner; E. Brodet; P. Bruckman; J. M. Brunet; B. Buschbeck; P. Buschmann; M. Calvi; T. Camporesi; V. Canale; F. Carena; N. Castro; F. Cavallo; M. Chapkin; Ph. Charpentier; P. Checchia; R. Chierici; P. Chliapnikov; J. Chudoba; S. U. Chung; K. Cieslik; P. Collins; R. Contri; G. Cosme; F. Cossutti; M. J. Costa; D. Crennell; J. Cuevas; J. D’Hondt; T. da Silva; W. Da Silva; G. Della Ricca; A. De Angelis; W. De Boer; C. De Clercq; B. De Lotto; N. De Maria; A. De Min; L. de Paula; L. Di Ciaccio; A. Di Simone; K. Doroba; J. Drees; G. Eigen; T. Ekelof; M. Ellert; M. Elsing; G. Fanourakis; D. Fassouliotis; M. Feindt; J. Fernandez; A. Ferrer; F. Ferro; U. Flagmeyer; H. Foeth; E. Fokitis; F. Fulda-Quenzer; J. Fuster; M. Gandelman; C. Garcia; Ph. Gavillet; E. Gazis; R. Gokieli; B. Golob; G. Gomez-Ceballos; P. Goncalves; E. Graziani; G. Grosdidier; K. Grzelak; J. Guy; C. Haag; A. Hallgren; K. Hamacher; S. Haug; F. Hauler; V. Hedberg; M. Hennecke; J. Hoffman; S. O. Holmgren; P. J. Holt; M. A. Houlden; J. N. Jackson; G. Jarlskog; P. Jarry; D. Jeans; E. K. Johansson; P. Jonsson; C. Joram; L. Jungermann; F. Kapusta; S. Katsanevas; E. Katsoufis; B. P. Kersevan; U. Kerzel; B. T. King; N. J. Kjaer; P. Kluit; P. Kokkinias; C. Kourkoumelis; O. Kouznetsov; Z. Krumstein; M. Kucharczyk; J. Lamsa; G. Leder; F. Ledroit; L. Leinonen; R. Leitner; J. Lemonne; V. Lepeltier; T. Lesiak; W. Liebig; D. Liko; A. Lipniacka; J. H. Lopes; J. M. Lopez; D. Loukas; P. Lutz; L. Lyons; J. MacNaughton; A. Malek; S. Maltezos; F. Mandl; J. Marco; R. Marco; B. Marechal; M. Margoni; J. C. Marin; C. Mariotti; A. Markou; C. Martinez-Rivero; J. Masik; N. Mastroyiannopoulos; F. Matorras; C. Matteuzzi; F. Mazzucato; M. Mazzucato; C. Meroni; E. Migliore; W. Mitaroff; U. Mjoernmark; T. Moa; M. Moch; K. Moenig; R. Monge; J. Montenegro; D. Moraes; S. Moreno; P. Morettini; U. Mueller; K. Muenich; M. Mulders; L. Mundim; W. Murray; B. Muryn; G. Myatt; T. Myklebust; M. Nassiakou; F. Navarria; K. Nawrocki; S. Nemecek; R. Nicolaidou; M. Nikolenko; A. Oblakowska-Mucha; V. Obraztsov; A. Olshevski; A. Onofre; R. Orava; K. Osterberg; A. Ouraou; A. Oyanguren; M. Paganoni; S. Paiano; J. P. Palacios; H. Palka; Th. D. Papadopoulou; L. Pape; C. Parkes; F. Parodi; U. Parzefall; A. Passeri; O. Passon; L. Peralta; V. Perepelitsa; A. Perrotta; A. Petrolini; J. Piedra; L. Pieri; F. Pierre; M. Pimenta; E. Piotto; T. Podobnik; V. Poireau; M. E. Pol; G. Polok; V. Pozdniakov; N. Pukhaeva; A. Pullia; D. Radojicic; P. Rebecchi; J. Rehn; D. Reid; R. Reinhardt; P. Renton; F. Richard; J. Ridky; M. Rivero; D. Rodriguez; A. Romero; P. Ronchese; P. Roudeau; T. Rovelli; V. Ruhlmann-Kleider; D. Ryabtchikov; A. Sadovsky; L. Salmi; J. Salt; C. Sander; A. Savoy-Navarro; U. Schwickerath; R. Sekulin; M. Siebel; A. Sisakian; G. Smadja; O. Smirnova; A. Sokolov; A. Sopczak; R. Sosnowski; T. Spassov; M. Stanitzki; A. Stocchi; J. Strauss; B. Stugu; M. Szczekowski; M. Szeptycka; T. Szumlak; T. Tabarelli; F. Tegenfeldt; J. Timmermans; L. Tkatchev; M. Tobin; S. Todorovova; B. Tome; A. Tonazzo; P. Tortosa; P. Travnicek; D. Treille; G. Tristram; M. Trochimczuk; C. Troncon; M. L. Turluer; I. A. Tyapkin; P. Tyapkin; S. Tzamarias; V. Uvarov; G. Valenti; P. Van Dam; J. Van Eldik; N. van Remortel; I. Van Vulpen; G. Vegni; F. Veloso; W. Venus; P. Verdier; V. Verzi; D. Vilanova; L. Vitale; V. Vrba; H. Wahlen; A. J. Washbrook; C. Weiser; D. Wicke; J. Wickens; G. Wilkinson; M. Winter; M. Witek; O. Yushchenko; A. Zalewska; P. Zalewski; D. Zavrtanik; V. Zhuravlov; N. I. Zimin; A. Zintchenko; M. Zupan

2010-01-01

59

News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Includes the following reports: "'LJ' (Library Journal) News Report: Libraries Success at Funding Books and Bytes"; "'SLJ' (School Library Journal) News Report: We're in the Money!"; and "'PW' (Publishers Weekly) News Reports". (AEF)|

St. Lifer, Evan; Olson, Renee; Margolis, Rick; Glick, Andrea; Milliot, Jim

1999-01-01

60

Secrecy News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) Project on Government Secrecy, which works to "challenge excessive government secrecy and to promote public oversight," has recently launched this email publication. Distributed two to three times per week, Secrecy News contains stories on recent developments in secrecy and security policy and links to new materials placed on the FAS Website. A subscription form is provided at the site.

61

Science News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science News is the magazine of the Society for Science and the Public, and they certainly do deliver via their well designed website. There is a lot to read on the homepage alone and the material is pitched towards a general audience, so visitors don't need to be students of science to understand the articles. The "SN Bookshelf" offers reviews of the latest science-oriented books. The "SN Multimedia" section, near the bottom of the homepage, offers videos and photo slideshows to explain scientific research, such as the videos "Pigeons usually let best navigator take the lead" and "Fruit flies turn on auto-pilot." There is even a "Science News for Kids" section, accessible at the top of any page. For those visitors who are impressed by this site and want to continue learning about science, there is an e-mail alert or RSS feed available and there are dozens of topics to choose to get news from, as well as columns and features.

62

Production of wara, a West African soft cheese using lemon juice as a coagulant  

Microsoft Academic Search

As an important protein source for West African consumers, wara cheese made from the leave extract of Calotropis procera has extremely short shelf life of only 2–3 days [Adegoke, G. O., Nse, E. N., & Akanni, A. O. (1992). Effects of heat, processing time, and pH on the microflora, aflatoxin content, and storability of wara, a soft white cheese. Die

V. O. Adetunji; D. O. Alonge; R. K. Singh; J. Chen

2008-01-01

63

Evaluating the Life Cycle of a Product WarningSaccharin and Diet Soft Drinks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of the saccharin warning label on sales of diet soft drinks was modeled with an autoregressive integrated moving average (A RIMA) process. Retail price trends and attendant publicity were modeled concurrently to separate these effects from those due to the warning. Results indicated that the label produced a small yet statistically significant reduction in sales, with an abrupt

Robert G. Orwin; Raymond E. Schucker; Raymond C. Stokes

1984-01-01

64

Product Differentiation and Firm Size Distribution: An Application to Carbonated Soft Drinks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using brand-level retail data, the firm size distribution in carbonated soft drinks is shown to be an outcome of the degree to which firms have placed brands effectively (store coverage) across vertical (flavour, packaging, diet attributes) segments of the market. Regularity of the firm size distribution is not disturbed by the nature of short-run brand competition (turbulence in brand market

Patrick Paul Walsh; Ciara Whelan

2002-01-01

65

Product Differentiation and Firm Size Distribution - An Application to Carbonated Soft Drinks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using brand level retail data, the firm size distribution in Carbonated Soft Drinks is shown to be an outcome of the degree to which firms have placed brands effectively (store coverage) across vertical (flavour, packaging, diet attributes) segments of the market. Regularity in the firm size distribution is not disturbed by the nature of short-run brand competition (turbulence in brand

Patrick Paul Walsh; Ciara Whelan

2001-01-01

66

Design News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learning about the world of design can be rather fun, and for persons interested in entering this industry, it can be essential to stay on top of ongoing developments. Design Week launched their site in November 2006, and as the publication is based in Britain, the coverage of design events and trends is primarily focused on the British and Continental scenes. From those thinking about looking for a new job in the field, the site also contains job postings and suggestions for those going on the job market. The site is rounded out by a place where visitors can also sign up to receive news alerts via email.

67

Media Convergence: A Case Study of a Cable News Station  

Microsoft Academic Search

Media convergence is happening around the world. This study looks at the current operation of a cable news station that produces 2 media products in 1 newsroom. It also explores the theoretical foundations of value creation in online news by examining how online news is selected, packaged, processed, and distributed. Observational results showed that media convergence still has a long

J. Sonia Huang; Don Heider

2007-01-01

68

Breaking news on twitter  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the news of Osama Bin Laden's death leaked through Twitter, many people wondered if Twitter would fundamentally change the way we produce, spread, and consume news. In this paper we provide an in-depth analysis of how the news broke and spread on Twitter. We confirm the claim that Twitter broke the news first, and find evidence that Twitter had

Mengdie Hu; Shixia Liu; Furu Wei; Yingcai Wu; John Stasko; Kwan-Liu Ma

2012-01-01

69

Fox News Nation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fox News Network has received a lot of attention from political pundits, scholars and elected officials. At best, Fox News merely preaches to the choir of (already) conservative viewers. At worst, Fox News is polarizing viewers by moving their audience to the extreme right. Past research suggests that Fox News viewers hold more conservative attitudes and beliefs, but only

Glen Smith

70

The News Media as a Political Institution: Looking Backward and Looking Forward  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a new institutionalism approach to news grounded in sociological and historical approaches to new institutionalism and argues that this approach to news production has several advantages. Among them are that it encourages analysts to see the news as an outcome of interaction between journalists and other political actors, that it allows for variance in news coverage around

Timothy E. Cook

2006-01-01

71

Intense Soft X-ray Production By Plasma Discharge Bombardment of a Deuterated Target  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Intense soft (1-2 keV) X-ray emission was recently observed from a metal target such as Ti or Pd which serves as the cathode in a high current, pulsed deuterium plasma discharge tube[1]. These experimental results are briefly reviewed here along with the design and inital operation of a new experiment at the U of Illinois. This unique configuration provides a significantly higher intensity of soft x-rays than previously reported for conventional accelerator ion beam bombardment of metal targets. It is proposed that the high emission in present experiments is related to anomalous transfer of energy through recoil events when a highly loaded (large D/metal atom ratio) metal hydride is bombarded with the very high current ion beam obtained via a pulsed plasma discharge (vs. lower current accelerators). Then energy associated with the deuteron desorption/flow from the overheated cathode surface creates non-equilibrium lattice phonons, which in turn excite a "metastable" super-cell state in the loaded metal. [1] A.G. Lipson, A.S. Roussetski, A.B. Karabut, G.H. Miley, "Enhancement of DD-reaction and X-ray Generation in High-Current Deuterium Glow Discharge at Voltages 0.8-2.5 kV", JETP Lett.,(2003).

Yang, Yang; Miley, George H.; Lipson, Andrei; Luo, Nie; Karabut, Alexander

2004-11-01

72

QCD motivated approach to soft interactions at high energy: Inclusive production  

SciTech Connect

We extend our two-component Pomeron, Gotsman-Levin-Maor-Miller (GLMM) model, for soft high-energy scattering to single inclusive cross sections. To this end we present a suitable formulation which also includes the semienhanced Pomeron-particle vertex corrections. The available data on single inclusive density (1/{sigma}{sub in})d{sigma}/dy in the c.m. energy range of 200-1800 GeV are well reproduced by our model. The just-published ALICE Collaboration point at 900 GeV is in excellent agreement with the calculations of our model. We also present predictions covering the complete LHC energy range which can be readily tested in the early low-luminosity LHC runs. The results presented in this paper provide additional support to our Pomeron model approach.

Gotsman, E.; Levin, E.; Maor, U. [Department of Particle Physics, School of Physics and Astronomy, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Science, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel)

2010-03-01

73

QCD motivated approach to soft interactions at high energy: Inclusive production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We extend our two-component Pomeron, Gotsman-Levin-Maor-Miller (GLMM) model, for soft high-energy scattering to single inclusive cross sections. To this end we present a suitable formulation which also includes the semienhanced Pomeron-particle vertex corrections. The available data on single inclusive density (1/?in)d?/dy in the c.m. energy range of 200-1800 GeV are well reproduced by our model. The just-published ALICE Collaboration point at 900 GeV is in excellent agreement with the calculations of our model. We also present predictions covering the complete LHC energy range which can be readily tested in the early low-luminosity LHC runs. The results presented in this paper provide additional support to our Pomeron model approach.

Gotsman, E.; Levin, E.; Maor, U.

2010-03-01

74

The Chinese soft-shelled turtle, Pelodiscus sinensis, decreases nitrogenous excretion, reduces urea synthesis and suppresses ammonia production during emersion.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to examine the effects of 6 days of emersion on nitrogen metabolism and excretion in the Chinese soft-shelled turtle, Pelodiscus sinensis. Despite having a soft shell with a cutaneous surface that is known to be water permeable, P. sinensis lost only ~2% of body mass and was able to maintain its hematocrit and plasma osmolality, [Na(+)] and [Cl(-)] during 6 days of emersion. During emersion, it ameliorated water loss by reducing urine output, which led to a reduction (by 29-76%) in ammonia excretion. In comparison, there was a more prominent reduction (by 82-99%) in urea excretion during emersion due to a lack of water to flush the buccopharyngeal epithelium, which is known to be the major route of urea excretion. Consequently, emersion resulted in an apparent shift from ureotely to ammonotely in P. sinensis. Although urea concentration increased in several tissues, the excess urea accumulated could only account for 13-22% of the deficit in urea excretion. Hence, it can be concluded that a decrease (~80%) in urea synthesis occurred in P. sinensis during the 6 days of emersion. Indeed, emersion led to significant decreases in the activity of some ornithine-urea cycle enzymes (argininosuccinate synthetase/argininosuccinate lyase and arginase) from the liver of P. sinensis. As a decrease in urea synthesis occurred without the accumulation of ammonia and total free amino acids, it can be deduced that ammonia production through amino acid catabolism was suppressed with a proportional reduction in proteolysis in P. sinensis during emersion. Indeed, calculated results revealed that there could be a prominent decrease (~88%) in ammonia production in turtles after 6 days of emersion. In summary, despite being ureogenic and ureotelic in water, P. sinensis adopted a reduction in ammonia production, instead of increased urea synthesis, as the major strategy to ameliorate ammonia toxicity and problems associated with dehydration during terrestrial exposure. PMID:23348951

Ip, Yuen K; Lee, Serene M L; Wong, Wai P; Chew, Shit F

2013-01-24

75

International News in the Canadian and American Press: A Comparative News Flow Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study tested the power of "elite nation" factors (trade, population, and gross national product) to predict the amount of foreign news coverage for specific countries. A composite week for the first quarter of 1975 was randomly drawn, and ten Canadian and twenty-nine United States newspapers were coded for all news items reported on those…

Sparkes, Vernone M.; Robinson, Gertrude Joch

76

NewsCube: delivering multiple aspects of news to mitigate media bias  

Microsoft Academic Search

The bias in the news media is an inherent flaw of the news production process. The resulting bias often causes a sharp increase in political polarization and in the cost of conflict on social issues such as Iraq war. It is very difficult, if not impossible, for readers to have penetrating views on realities against such bias. This paper presents

Seungwoo Kang; Sangyoung Chung; Junehwa Song

2009-01-01

77

The Television News Exchange  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A special issue with extensive coverage of The Television News Exchange. Contributing authors from all over the world give their perspectives on the current status and future prospects of The Television News Exchange. (HB)|

Boni, Vittorio; And Others

1975-01-01

78

Non-News Viewers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents results of a study among a rural population of the relationship of amount of local and network television news-viewing and age, education, sex, income, length of local residence, radio-news listening behavior, and newspaper reading. (JMF)|

Poindexter, Paula M.

1980-01-01

79

Drift tube soft-landing for the production and characterization of materials: Applied to Cu clusters  

SciTech Connect

We have recently developed a soft-landing (SL) instrument that is capable of depositing ions onto substrates for preparative and developmental research of new materials using a laser ablation source. This instrument was designed with a custom drift tube and a split-ring ion optic for the isolation of selected ions. The drift tube allows for the separation and thermalization of ions formed after laser ablation through collisions with an inert bath gas. These collisions allow the ions to be landed at energies below 1 eV onto substrates. The split-ring ion optic is capable of directing ions toward the detector or a landing substrate for selected components. Experiments will be shown ablating Cu using an Nd:YAG (1064 and 532 nm) for cluster formation and landing onto a muscovite (mica) surface. The laser ablation of Cu in 8 Torr of He gas gives a spectrum that contains multiple peaks corresponding to Cu{sub n}, Cu{sub n}O{sub m} clusters, and their corresponding isomers. Atomic force microscopy and drift tube measurements were performed to characterize the performance characteristics of the instrument.

Davila, Stephen J.; Birdwell, David O.; Verbeck, Guido F. [Department of Chemistry, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas 76201 (United States)

2010-03-15

80

Drift tube soft-landing for the production and characterization of materials: applied to Cu clusters.  

PubMed

We have recently developed a soft-landing (SL) instrument that is capable of depositing ions onto substrates for preparative and developmental research of new materials using a laser ablation source. This instrument was designed with a custom drift tube and a split-ring ion optic for the isolation of selected ions. The drift tube allows for the separation and thermalization of ions formed after laser ablation through collisions with an inert bath gas. These collisions allow the ions to be landed at energies below 1 eV onto substrates. The split-ring ion optic is capable of directing ions toward the detector or a landing substrate for selected components. Experiments will be shown ablating Cu using an Nd:YAG (1064 and 532 nm) for cluster formation and landing onto a muscovite (mica) surface. The laser ablation of Cu in 8 Torr of He gas gives a spectrum that contains multiple peaks corresponding to Cu(n), Cu(n)O(m) clusters, and their corresponding isomers. Atomic force microscopy and drift tube measurements were performed to characterize the performance characteristics of the instrument. PMID:20370199

Davila, Stephen J; Birdwell, David O; Verbeck, Guido F

2010-03-01

81

Dropped egg production, soft shelled and shell?less eggs associated with appearance of precipitins to adenovirus in flocks of laying fowls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two outbreaks of dropped egg production and production of soft shelled and shell?less eggs are described. The outbreaks were selected from a larger number of flocks with similar problems in the field.The drop in egg production was closely correlated with the appearance of precipitins to adenovirus in the laying birds. Birds were also infected with Mycoplasma synoviae.A number of other

J. H. H. Van Eck; F. G. Davelaar; Nel Van Kol; B. Kouwenhoven; F. H. M. Guldie

1976-01-01

82

News Before Newspapers  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 1513 to 1640, news pamphlets informed and entertained the English. Such publications have been difficult to identify and little has been written about them. More than 1,200 pamphlets were identified by reviewing entries in the Short Title Catalogue. They were then analyzed by numbers produced and subject matter. Factors that news pamphlets may share with modern news formats -

Richard Streckfuss

1998-01-01

83

Turning on the News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses adolescents' lack of interest in news and relates it to their apathy and cynicism about wider social and political issues. Examines whether the news media are to blame for this situation, and to what extent they might help overcome it. Discusses how news media, and the social and political issues they represent, can be made relevant to…

Buckingham, David

1999-01-01

84

Breaking Bad News  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breaking bad news has been ignored in the past and still depends largely on culture and social state. We experience now a strong trend towards full information in modern societies. The article describes the typical stages patients go through when dealing with bad news. Recommendations how to break bad news stress the importance of privacy and enough time, the necessity

Rainer Schoefl

2008-01-01

85

Anthropology World News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site at Texas A&M features frequently updated links to anthropology news stories published on the web by major news sources and university press releases. The news items are listed most recently first, but the whole site can also searched by keyword.

1997-01-01

86

Yahoo! News: Photo Slideshows  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Yahoo!News has updated its Website with a new feature: slideshows of current news photos. Each of its news sections -- Top Stories, World, Entertainment, Sports, Science, Lifestyle, and Politics -- now contains a grouping of photos in a slideshow format. The slideshows are updated daily, and an archive is available. Be warned, however, that a few advertisements pop up during the slideshows.

2001-01-01

87

Turning on the News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses adolescents' lack of interest in news and relates it to their apathy and cynicism about wider social and political issues. Examines whether the news media are to blame for this situation, and to what extent they might help overcome it. Discusses how news media, and the social and political issues they represent, can be made relevant to…

Buckingham, David

1999-01-01

88

Soft Sensing  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter addresses different aspects of soft sensors and their importance, especially for mineral processing plants. It\\u000a considers current state-of-the-art soft sensors and the future outlook of the industry, taking into account different classes\\u000a of linear and nonlinear in-the-parameter soft sensor models, their design, and soft sensor shell systems for providing a robust\\u000a operation in industrial environments. A geometrical approach

Guillermo D. González

89

Hard gains through soft contracts: productive engagement of private providers in tuberculosis control.  

PubMed Central

Over the past decade, there has been a rapid increase in the number of initiatives involving "for-profit" private health care providers in national tuberculosis (TB) control efforts. We reviewed 15 such initiatives with respect to contractual arrangements, quality of care and success achieved in TB control. In seven initiatives, the National TB Programme (NTP) interacted directly with for-profit providers; while in the remaining eight, the NTP collaborated with for-profit providers through intermediary not-for-profit nongovernmental organizations. All but one of the initiatives used relational "drugs-for-performance contracts" to engage for-profit providers, i.e. drugs were provided free of charge by the NTP emphasizing that providers dispense them free of charge to patients and follow national guidelines for diagnosis and treatment. We found that 90% (range 61-96%) of new smear-positive pulmonary TB cases were successfully treated across all initiatives and TB case detection rates increased between 10% and 36%. We conclude that for-profit providers can be effectively involved in TB control through informal, but well defined drugs-for-performance contracts. The contracting party should be able to reach a common understanding concerning goals and role division with for-profit providers and monitor them for content and quality. Relational drugs-for-performance contracts minimize the need for handling the legal and financial aspects of classical contracting. We opine that further analysis is required to assess if such "soft" contracts are sufficient to scale up private for-profit provider involvement in TB control and other priority health interventions.

Lonnroth, Knut; Uplekar, Mukund; Blanc, Leopold

2006-01-01

90

Effects of support medium on embryo and plant production from cultured anthers of soft-red winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study was designed to examine the effects of media support on the frequency of embryo and plant production from cultured anthers of soft-red winter wheat. Approximately twice as many embryos were produced when anthers were cultured in a liquid as compared to an agar-solidified medium. Upon transfer to regeneration medium, a significantly lower percentage of the embryos produced

A. M. Jones; J. F. Petolino

1988-01-01

91

Economic news as a consumer product: An analysis of the effects of alternative media sources on the formation of consumer economic expectations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports the results of a behavioral experiment in which 120 subjects were exposed to different media reports of the same monthly Bureau of Labor Statistics' unemployment reports. After reading the news stories, as reported by the CBS Evening News, The Wall Street Journal, and the Washington Post, the subjects were asked similar questions to those used in the

Stephen W. Pruitt; George E. Hoffer

1989-01-01

92

News Grazers, Television News, Political Knowledge, and Engagement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the modern-day television “news grazer” in American politics. We define news grazers as those individuals who watch television news with remote control in hand and switch to another channel when an uninteresting topic comes up. Using survey data from the Pew Research Center, we find that news grazers differ significantly from nongrazers in news-gathering habits, political knowledge,

Jonathan S. Morris; Richard Forgette

2007-01-01

93

Analysis of Sugar Degradation Products with ?-Dicarbonyl Structure in Carbonated Soft Drinks by UHPLC-DAD-MS/MS.  

PubMed

Sugar-sweetened carbonated soft drinks (CSDs) are broadly consumed worldwide. The added sugar, particularly high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS), can be an important source of sugar degradation products, such as ?-dicarbonyl compounds. This study recorded the ?-dicarbonyl profile in CSDs by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography with hyphenated diode array-tandem mass spectrometry after derivatization with o-phenylenediamine. Thus, 3-deoxy-d-erythro-hexos-2-ulose (3-DG), d-lyxo-hexos-2-ulose (glucosone), 3-deoxy-d-threo-hexos-2-ulose (3-DGal), 1-deoxy-d-erythro-hexos-2,3-diulose (1-DG), 3,4-dideoxyglucosone-3-ene (3,4-DGE), methylglyoxal, and glyoxal were identified as major ?-dicarbonyls and, with the exception of glyoxal, quantified (recovery rates, 85.6-103.1%; RSD, 0.8-3.6%). Total ?-dicarbonyl concentration in 25 tested commercial products ranged between 0.3 and 116 ?g/mL and was significantly higher in HFCS-sweetened CSDs compared to CSDs sweetened with HFCS and sucrose or with sucrose alone. Predominant was 3-DG (?87 ?g/mL) followed by glucosone (?21 ?g/mL), 3-DGal (?7.7 ?g/mL), 1-DG (?2.8 ?g/mL), methylglyoxal (?0.62 ?g/mL), and 3,4-DGE (?0.45 ?g/mL). PMID:23452313

Gensberger, Sabrina; Glomb, Marcus A; Pischetsrieder, Monika

2013-03-11

94

Volatile production in irradiated normal, pale soft exudative (PSE) and dark firm dry (DFD) pork under different packaging and storage conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Normal, pale soft exudative (PSE) and dark firm dry (DFD) pork Longissimus dorsi muscles were vacuum packaged, irradiated at 0 or 4.5 kGy and stored at 4°C for 10 days. Volatile production from pork loins was determined at Day 0 and Day 10 of storage at 4°C. With both aerobic and vacuum packaging, irradiation increased the production of sulfur-containing volatiles

D. U. Ahn; K. C. Nam; M. Du; C. Jo

2001-01-01

95

Sorption and recycling of harmful materials during the production of polyurethane (PUR) block soft foam. Compendium on low- and non-waste technology. Monograph  

SciTech Connect

The technology involves the sorption and recycling of harmful materials in process gases generated during the production of polyurethane (PUR) block soft foam. Activated charcoal is used for removing CC13F and TDI which are emitted with exhaust air during the conventional production process. Adsorption of TDI is an irreversible process, which eliminates the option of recovering the TDI. The CC13F, however, is recovered through regeneration of the charcoal bed with hot steam.

NONE

1984-04-19

96

Comparative Study of the Separation and Determination of Aspartame and Its Decomposition Products in Bulk Material and Diet Soft Drinks by Hplc and Ce  

Microsoft Academic Search

The direct separation of aspartame (?-L-aspartyl-L-phenylalanine methyl ester) LL-?-APM, and several decomposition products namely LL-?-aspartame (LL-?-APM), L-?-aspartyl-L-phenylalanine (?-AP), L-?-aspartyl-L-phenyl alanine (?-AP), and diketopiperazine (DKP) was accomplished by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using a Chirobiotic T (Teicoplanin) column, and capillary zone electrophoretic (CZE) methods. The presence of any of these decomposition products in diet soft drinks labeled to contain the

Hassan Y. Aboul-Enein; Soliman A. Bakr

1997-01-01

97

The separation of fission-product rare elements toward bridging the nuclear and soft energy systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the present state of the art of the separation technology, recycling of fission-product rare elements (FRE) in the FBR spent fuel is discussed. The rad.-waste fractionation is in accordance with the present society's trend toward zero-emission, and the mean of salt-free method utilizing electrochemistry agrees with the principles of the newly established green chemistry. A catalytic electrolytic extraction

Masaki Ozawa; Yoshihiko Shinoda; Yuichi Sano

2002-01-01

98

Nuclear Reaction Cross-Section Measurements via Characterization of Soft Radiation Emitting Products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear reaction cross-section measurements via the activation technique are generally made using high-resolution gamma-ray spectrometry. However, in cases where the radioactive product decays exclusively by EC (without emitting a gamma-ray) resort has to be made to the rather subtle technique of x-ray spectrometry. Similarly for characterisation of pure beta- emitters, gas-flow proportional or liquid-scintillation counting is applied. In both cases

K. Kettern; I. Spahn; S. Spellerberg; S. M. Qaim; H. H. Coenen

2005-01-01

99

Frontier News: Forest Frontiers Initiative  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Frontier News is World Resources Institute's online news service tracking "threats to and development in the world's large, intact natural forests." Updated weekly, Frontier News offers recent news articles on Africa, Asia, Europe & Russia, North & Central America, Oceania (Papua New Guinea, Australia, and New Zealand), and South America. General news stories and editorials highlight frontier forests, and emphasize concerns of the Forest Frontiers Initiative.

100

News & Announcements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

News from Journal House

National Chemistry Week (NCW)

National Chemistry Week Celebrating Chemistry and Art is the theme of NCW 2001, to be held November 4-10, 2001. As you make plans for participating in the celebrations in your area, keep in mind that JCE is developing special materials on this theme, which will appear in our October issue: Classroom Activities, a comprehensive Illustrated Resource Paper, Report from Online, specially written brief articles illustrated in color, articles related to the theme, and CLIPs (Chemical Laboratory Information Profiles).

Awards Announced

Passer Award

Passer Award recipients from the April 1 closing date are:
  • George Bennett, Millikin University, Decatur, IL
  • Daniel Berger, Bluffton College, Bluffton, OH
  • Karen Dunlap, Sierra College, Rocklin, CA
  • Myung-Hoon Kim, Georgia Perimeter College, Dunwoody, GA
  • Cheryl Longfellow, Philadelphia University, Philadelphia, PA
  • Jerry Maas, Oakton Community College, Des Plaines, IL
  • Tim Royappa, University of West Florida, Pensacola, FL

Visiting Scientist Award, Western Connecticut Section

Diane Bunce, The Catholic University of America, has been selected as the 2001 Visiting Scientist of the Western Connecticut Section of the ACS. The award, presented annually since 1967, brings an outstanding chemical educator to visit high schools in Fairfield County, CT. In May, Bunce visited three high schools, Christian Heritage School, Fairfield High School, and Greenwich High School, where she interacted with teachers and students and presented lectures and demonstrations to several chemistry classes. She was also keynote speaker at the ACS local section's Education Night. The awardee is selected by a committee of university and high school teachers, industrial chemists, and the previous Visiting Scientist; there is an honorarium of 1500 plus expenses.

Welch Award

Roger D. Kornberg, a professor of structural biology at the Stanford University School of Medicine, received the 2001 Welch Award for his discovery of the nucleosome and establishing its role in gene regulation; for his discovery of a giant complex of 20 proteins known as the "Mediator", which regulates the transcription process; and for determining the atomic structure of RNA polymerase II. The 300,000 award salutes Kornberg's lifetime contributions to biochemistry.

NSTA Teacher Awards

During its 2001 national convention the National Science Teachers Association presented prizes and awards to teachers for their exemplary teaching practices and commitment to quality science education. Many appear below.
Distinguished Service to Science Education Award
  • JoAnne Vasquez, Science Consultant, Gilbert, AZ
  • Richard F. Duncan, Beaverton Administrative Center, Beaverton, OR
  • Mitchell E. Batoff, New Jersey City University, Jersey City, NJ
Distinguished Informal Science Education Award
  • Al Stenstrup, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI
Ciba Specialty Chemicals Education Foundation Exemplary Science Teaching Award, High School Level
  • Gerald Friday, Marquette High School, Milwaukee, WI
Gustav Ohaus Innovations in Science Teaching, High School
  • Mark Stefanski, Marin Academy, San Rafael, CA (first place)
  • James A. Szoka, Clarke County Hi

    2001-08-01

101

Certainty and speculation in news reporting of the future: the execution of Timothy McVeigh  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the temporal organization and manipulation of time in the production and presentation of news reports. Time is often cited as one of the most central organizing concepts of news production; indeed one of the major features of news reporting is the breaking of stories and the reporting of events `as they happen'. However, whilst much emphasis is

Adam Jaworski; Richard Fitzgerald; Deborah Morris

2003-01-01

102

A content analysis of local television news in a top 50 market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The researchers developed a quantitative content analysis of three network television stations' local news. The four criteria developed from the review of literature were: (1) local news; (2) objectivity; (3) ambition; and (4) production. Results from three reviewers' judgments were that relatively high scores were found for local news, objectivity, and production. However, ambition scores were relatively low for all

Mark Hickson III; Randall K. Scott; Richard Vogel

1995-01-01

103

ASSESSING FLUORIDE LEVELS OF CARBONATED SOFT DRINKS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Dental fluorosis occurs as a result of excessive total fluoride intake during tooth development. Some children may receive substantial intake from soft drinks, but few studies have reported fluoride levels in soft drinks. The authors examined the fluoride concentrations of 332 soft drinks. Methods. Soft drinks were purchased from Iowa grocery stores. To identify production sites, the authors recorded

JUDY R. HEILMAN; MARY C. KIRITSY; STEVEN M. LEVY; JAMES S. WEFEL

2001-01-01

104

"Good News" Tune Makes Discussion of "Bad News" Sing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recommends playing Anne Murray's recording of "A Little Good News" to promote discussion about the nature of news and Bobbie Gentry's "Ode to Billy Joe" for discussion on writing news stories about suicides. (CRH)

Sneed, Don

1984-01-01

105

NewsWatch: A Consumer's Guide to the News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Media and Public Affairs, a nonpartisan research organization that conducts scientific analyses of the media, has recently launched NewsWatch, a new daily Web magazine created for news consumers, promising to "tell you when [news is] accurate, when it's wrong, and why." NewsWatch contains several sections: Today's News, a daily news summary from NewsWatch editors; Media Critic, a daily digest of news about the news media from leading media critics; Spotlight, feature articles analyzing the news media; Resources, a collection of links to online media publications, watchdog organizations, and research institutions; and Talk Back, a directory of news organizations for consumers who want to provide feedback directly to news agencies. The entire site is searchable by keyword(s).

106

Hearing bad news.  

PubMed

Personal reports of receiving bad news provide data that describes patients' comprehension, reflections, experienced emotions, and an interpretative commentary with the wisdom of hindsight. Analysis of autobiographical accounts of "hearing bad news" enables the identification of patterns of how patients found out diagnoses, buffering techniques used, and styles of receiving the news. I describe how patients grapple with the news, their somatic responses to hearing, and how they struggle and strive to accept what they are hearing. I discuss metaphors used within the languages of hearing bad news. Finally, I discuss implications for a change of focus in the breaking bad news research agenda, that is, from the physician's "performance" to a patient-focused agenda. PMID:21503780

Morse, Janice

2011-09-01

107

EuroNews  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1992 in Lyons, France, EuroNews is a European Broadcasting Union initiative that was started by a group of European public broadcasters interested in providing European viewers with a diverse set of perspectives of regional and international news. The site will be of interest to anyone with an interest in viewing recent news briefs about a number of important topics of relevance, such as political affairs within the European Union, cultural activities, and technological innovations within various parts of the EU. Visitors can also view a weekly schedule for EuroNews, or elect to view the latest news update from EuroNews. As might be expected, the site may be viewed in a number of languages, including German, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, and Russian.

108

News & Announcements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

News from Journal House

Journal Ambassadors, 1999 What do the people listed below have in common? A search of our records indicates that each has been a participant in our Journal Ambassador program during 1999.
  • Guy Anderson
  • Jim Becvar
  • Jerry Bell
  • Jim Birk
  • Diane Bunce
  • Ann Cartwright
  • Thomas Clark
  • Jane Crosby
  • Maria Dean
  • Art Ellis
  • Donald Elswick
  • Tommy Franklin
  • Babu George
  • Paul Heath
  • Angela Hoffman
  • Lynn Hogue
  • J. J. Lagowski
  • Frank Lambert
  • Dorothy Lehmkuhl
  • George Lelevre
  • Scott Luaders
  • Jane McMullen
  • Marci Merritt
  • Carl Minnier
  • Richard Narske
  • Ron Perkins
  • Gabriel Pinto
  • Dick Potts
  • Herb Retcofsky
  • Jerry Sarquis
  • Elke Schoffers
  • Sara Selfe
  • Uni Susskind
  • J. Mark Tolman
  • John Varine
  • Dawn Wakeley
  • Marla White
Those who are a part of this program take materials about the Journal to workshops, outreach programs, seminars, regional meetings, award nights, short courses, and other events at home and abroad, places where people who are interested in chemical education gather. Given about three weeks notice, we can outfit you with a variety of materials that will help others get tuned in to the good things that are happening in chemical education. We can send you an assortment of Journal issues, subscription forms, our Publications/Software Catalog, reprints from the Viewpoints series, copies of Classroom Activities, or JCE Gift Award Certificates, assuming that supplies are available. Of course we can arrange for the group to have temporary access to JCE Online. We can send you a brochure about the Ambassador program or answer any questions - just ask: email to jce@chem.wisc.edu; phone 1-800-991-5534 (U.S.) or 608-262-5153 (non-U.S.); fax 608-265-8094. If by chance you were a Journal Ambassador in 1999 but your name was not included, just let us know so that you can be recognized in a future column. Gift Subscription Awards As spring, the season of awards, approaches, we remind you of our handy Gift Certificates (a replica is shown on page 142). A gift of the Journal is not only affordable (gift subscriptions are 37/year (U.S.), 50/year (non-U.S.), but has lasting value. This is a really good way to help someone just starting out on a teaching career. An idea worth sharing comes from Carl Minnier of Essex Community College in Baltimore. He is chair of the Student Awards Committee of the Maryland Section of the ACS. This section has asked for 25 certificates because they honor annually an outstanding student from each of the two-year and four-year colleges within the territory of the Maryland Section. Want another interesting idea: give a one-year subscription to each Undergraduate Research Symposium participant. Classroom Activities for Outreach Many of our readers are involved with outreach programsindividually in their child's class, in a regional group that visits schools, in a van program, or as a demonstrator at their local science museum. Many readers have enthusiastically reported that our Classroom Activities series is a great resource for such programs. Since the Activities are designed for a high school classroom or lab (Activity 24 in this continuing series can be found in this issue), they are purposely not demanding of equipment, facilities, or time. But outreach activities often take place in very restricted environments, perhaps without sinks or electricity, sometimes with limited table space. So that we can provide timely advice in recommending activities for you to take "on the road", Nancy Gettys and Erica Jacobsen of the Journal staff have done an analysis of each, recommending whether it might be done

2000-02-01

109

Market News International  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Market News International, the Economeister gathers business news and market data to help readers predict the financial future. Links to key economic indicators from around the world are provided by the constantly updated Global Calendar. In addition, longer-term predictions are available in editorial form from the Economeister Intelligencer. Other Economeister options include NY Opening Rates, Archives, and information on fee-based services from Market News.

1997-01-01

110

Rich News: Metropolitan Dailies and the Urban Poor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The migration of people from cities to suburbs, new patterns of advertising, a less homogeneous and unified readership, and increasing competition from other media have produced tremendous pressures on daily newspapers. In responding to these pressures, metropolitan dailies are turning from "hard" to "soft" news, away from their poorer urban…

Draper, Mary Jo

111

Rich News: Metropolitan Dailies and the Urban Poor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The migration of people from cities to suburbs, new patterns of advertising, a less homogeneous and unified readership, and increasing competition from other media have produced tremendous pressures on daily newspapers. In responding to these pressures, metropolitan dailies are turning from "hard" to "soft" news, away from their poorer urban…

Draper, Mary Jo

112

Size Structure of Marine Soft-Bottom Macrobenthic Communities across Natural Habitat Gradients: Implications for Productivity and Ecosystem Function  

PubMed Central

Size distributions of biotic assemblages are important modifiers of productivity and function in marine sediments. We investigated the distribution of proportional organic biomass among logarithmic size classes (2?6J to 216J) in the soft-bottom macrofaunal communities of the Strait of Georgia, Salish Sea on the west coast of Canada. The study examines how size structure is influenced by 3 fundamental habitat descriptors: depth, sediment percent fines, and organic flux (modified by quality). These habitat variables are uncorrelated in this hydrographically diverse area, thus we examine their effects in combination and separately. Cluster analyses and cumulative biomass size spectra reveal clear and significant responses to each separate habitat variable. When combined, habitat factors result in three distinct assemblages: (1) communities with a high proportion of biomass in small organisms, typical of shallow areas (<10 m) with coarse sediments (<10% fines) and low accumulation of organic material (<3.0 gC/m2/yr/?15N); (2) communities with high proportion of biomass in the largest organisms found in the Strait, typical of deep, fine sediments with high modified organic flux (>3 g C/m2/yr/?15N) from the Fraser River; and (3) communities with biomass dominated by moderately large organisms, but lacking the smallest and largest size classes, typical of deep, fine sediments experiencing low modified organic flux (<3.0 gC/m2/yr/?15N). The remaining assemblages had intermediate habitat types and size structures. Sediment percent fines and flux appear to elicit threshold responses in size structure, whereas depth has the most linear influence on community size structure. The ecological implications of size structure in the Strait of Georgia relative to environmental conditions, secondary production and sediment bioturbation are discussed.

Macdonald, Tara A.; Burd, Brenda J.; van Roodselaar, Albert

2012-01-01

113

Soft Lithography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soft lithography represents a non-photolithographic strategy based on self- assembly and replica molding for carrying out micro- and nanofabrication. It provides a convenient, effective, and low-cost method for the formation and manufacturing of micro- and nanostructures. In soft lithography, an elastomeric stamp with patterned relief structures on its surface is used to generate patterns and structures with feature sizes ranging

Younan Xia; George M. Whitesides

1998-01-01

114

Soft gluon resummation for the production of gluino-gluino and squark-antisquark pairs at the LHC  

SciTech Connect

We study the effect of soft gluon emission in the hadroproduction of gluino-gluino and squark-antisquark pairs at the next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy within the framework of the minimal supersymmetric model. We present the calculation of the one-loop soft anomalous dimension matrices controlling the color evolution of the underlying hard-scattering processes. The numerical results for resummed cross sections for proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider are discussed in detail.

Kulesza, A. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik E, RWTH Aachen, D-52056 Aachen (Germany); Motyka, L. [II Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Hamburg, Luruper Chaussee 149, D-22761 (Germany); Institute of Physics, Jagellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Krakow (Poland)

2009-11-01

115

Probing Soft QCD with Spin and Flavor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Investigation of the nature of the strong interaction at short (<= 0.1 fm) distance scales probes the transition regime at the interface of perturbative and non-perturbative QCD. Spin and flavor degrees of freedom are a promising way of providing insight into this transition from a purely hadronic (e.g., involving baryons and mesons in an effective theory) to a quark-gluon description. The introduction of strange and charmed quark flavors, in distinction to the more common light (u and d) quark components, can be used to tag reaction channels, probe intrinsic particle structure and help define aspects of the dynamics. Recent results from a strangeness production experiment (DISTO(A. Maggiora for the DISTO collaboration, Nucl. Phys. News 5), 23 (1995).) with 2.85 GeV polarized protons from SATURNE II impinging on a liquid Hydrogen target are presented, including associated and open production as well as hidden strangeness channels. The spin transfer coefficient D_NN for associated production seems particularly sensitive to the underlying mechanism and hence useful in the context of testing the limits of meson-exchange models and the applicability of soft QCD techniques. When viewed along with available world data, the D_NN data suggest a transition regime in the energy range ~ 5-15 GeV. Possible additions to the strangeness measurements and extension to the charm sector at a higher energy (LISS-type) accelerator will be discussed.

Jacobs, W. W.

1998-04-01

116

CorA, the magnesium/nickel/cobalt transporter, affects virulence and extracellular enzyme production in the soft rot pathogen Pectobacterium carotovorum.  

PubMed

Pectobacterium carotovorum (formerly Erwinia carotovora ssp. carotovora) is a phytopathogenic bacterium that causes soft rot disease, characterized by water-soaked soft decay, resulting from the action of cell wall-degrading exoenzymes secreted by the pathogen. Virulence in soft rot bacteria is regulated by environmental factors, host and bacterial chemical signals, and a network of global and gene-specific bacterial regulators. We isolated a mini-Tn5 mutant of P. carotovorum that is reduced in the production of extracellular pectate lyase, protease, polygalacturonase and cellulase. The mutant is also decreased in virulence as it macerates less host tissues than its parent and is severely impaired in multiplication in planta. The inactivated gene responsible for the reduced virulent phenotype was identified as corA. CorA, a magnesium/nickel/cobalt membrane transporter, is the primary magnesium transporter for many bacteria. Compared with the parent, the CorA(-) mutant is cobalt resistant. The mutant phenotype was confirmed in parental strain P. carotovorum by marker exchange inactivation of corA. A functional corA(+) DNA from P. carotovorum restored exoenzyme production and pathogenicity to the mutants. The P. carotovorum corA(+) clone also restored motility and cobalt sensitivity to a CorA(-) mutant of Salmonella enterica. These data indicate that CorA is required for exoenzyme production and virulence in P. carotovorum. PMID:21726393

Kersey, Caleb M; Agyemang, Paul A; Dumenyo, C Korsi

2011-06-01

117

Vanderbilt Television News Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Television News Archive began at Vanderbilt University on August 5, 1968 because television news was not consistently recorded, preserved and made accessible for research anywhere. After a quarter century, the Archive remains unique in systematically recording, abstracting and indexing the most widely viewed national television newscasts so that they are readily available for study.

118

With News Search Engines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although there are many news search engines on the Web, finding the news items one wants can be challenging. Choosing appropriate search terms is one of the biggest challenges. Unless one has seen the article that one is seeking, it is often difficult to select words that were used in the headline or text of the article. The limited archives of…

Gunn, Holly

2005-01-01

119

Women And News  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an era of increasing globalization, women continue to be underrepresented and stereotyped in national, international and global news media. The problem is exacerbated when traditional geographic boundaries are crossed and the media in one country report on issues and events, particularly those that impact women, in another country. The question addressed in this article is how news organizations can

Margaretha Geertsema

2009-01-01

120

Alternative Energy Sources: Good News\\/Bad News and \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

In researching innovative energy sources, we are faced with a good news\\/bad news situation. On the good news side, new arenas of research activity are being opened up and pursued vigorously. These range from relatively mainstream approaches to develop solar energy, to highly innovative approaches to extract energy from vacuum fluctuations. On the bad news side, despite varying degrees of

H. E. Puthoff

121

AIP Weekly Physics News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Exeter (UK) Physics Department has given new meaning to the term "value added" in its mirroring of the American Institute of Physics' weekly publication, Physics News Update. The AIP Public Information Division makes available Physics News, which provides concise coverage of new developments in physics, graphics "depicting important physics research topics and concepts," and a subset of more in-depth stories about breaking news in physics. This Exeter site provides all of the content of the AIP's Physics News Update, and enhances it by: 1) providing an archive back to September of 1990; 2) making this archive searchable; and 3) providing the reports in HTML format, with each article subject cross-referenced to any of over 25 topics from atomic physics to superconductors, allowing the user easy access to other Physics News articles on the same topics.

1969-12-31

122

Rare good news in the Ekofisk area  

Microsoft Academic Search

A jack up drilling rig towering over a small production platform represents good news about giant Ekofisk oil and gas field, currently a problem for operator Phillips Petroleum Co. Norway. The rig is preparing four pre-drilled wells to begin production this month. Embla reserves are estimated at 50 million bbl of oil, 5 million bbl of NGL, and 100 bcf

1993-01-01

123

Cyberspace News on Campus: The South Pacific Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explains that since 1998, the Pacific Journalism Online training website at the University of the South Pacific has provided a problem-based approach to Internet news gathering and production based on real media assignments. Outlines the "reality" course methodology and strategies for providing news training from a campus-based newsroom. (PM)|

Robie, David

2002-01-01

124

Rational Ignorance and Negative News in the Information Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the availability of information has increased rapidly, the public is still considered poorly informed. This paper contributes to the emerging field of media economics by studying how the demand side of the media market affects news production and consumption. We show that consumers are likely to remain imperfectly informed on most issues and that negative news coverage is likely

Jill McCluskey; Johan F. M. Swinnen

2007-01-01

125

News for a Teen Market: The Lessons of Channel One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the types of stories that Channel One covers and the characteristics and configuration of its news sources. Focusing mostly on anchor personalities and politicians, Channel One news serves as a promotional vehicle for itself and youth culture, providing a friendly environment for controversial product advertisements. Such dramatic and…

Hoynes, William

1998-01-01

126

New News for the New World Information Order.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Noting that recent emphasis in the New World Information Order debate has focused on the development of new structures for the production and exchange of news among Third World countries, this paper provides a qualitative and quantitative examination of three types of alternative news agencies. They include the second-tier Western agencies…

Stevenson, Robert L.

127

The paparazzi industry and new media: The evolving production and consumption of celebrity news and gossip websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of media convergence and new visual technologies, paparazzi agencies have emerged as an important force in the entertainment industry. Given the ability of such agencies to create and distribute exclusive stories, the globalization of paparazzi content has increasing ramifications for new forms of information-based entertainment. This article will explore the production, distribution and consumption of paparazzi content,

Kim McNamara

2011-01-01

128

Interdependence in Media Economics: Ethical Implications of the Economic Characteristics of News  

Microsoft Academic Search

Citizens need accurate news to govern themselves effectively in a democratic society. Journalists argue editorial independence is necessary to ensure that the integrity of news is not compromised. However, the economic characteristics of news create conflicts between the ideal of independence and the need to pay production costs. This study analyzes those conflicts and the economic tools for resolving them.

Hugh J. Martin; Lawrence Souder

2009-01-01

129

Ranking a stream of news  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to a recent survey made by Nielsen NetRatings, searching on news articles is one of the most important activity online. Indeed, Google, Yahoo, MSN and many others have proposed commercial search engines for indexing news feeds. Despite this commercial interest, no academic research has focused on ranking a stream of news articles and a set of news sources. In

Gianna M. Del Corso; Antonio Gullí; Francesco Romani

2005-01-01

130

Is Crime News Coverage Excessive?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports on the frequency and manner in which various crime and noncrime news topics were presented in selected newspapers and television newscasts in 1976. Examines news flow data to determine whether news output was inflexible, and whether crime news coverage distorted the amount of real-life crime. (PD)|

Graber, Doris A.

1979-01-01

131

Stock risk mining by news  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the fast delivery of news articles by news providers on the Internet and\\/or via news datafeeds, it becomes an important research issue of predicting the risk of stocks by utilizing such textual information available in addition to the time series information. In the literature, the issue of predicting stock price up\\/down trend based on news articles has been

Qi Pan; Hong Cheng; Di Wu; Jeffrey Xu Yu; Yu Yiping Ke

2010-01-01

132

The presentation of drugs in the news media: The news sources involved in the construction of social problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use content and ethnographic methods to analyze news media coverage of crime, drug offenses, and celebrated cases. We document the sources cited in crime stories to determine which officials are used to define what is important about crime as it is presented to the public. This analysis demonstrates that the organizational constraints of news production determine the presentation of

Steven Chermak

1997-01-01

133

Internet News Radio  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Internet News Radio (iNR) is an audio news program which uses RealAudio software allowing Internet users to play audio files "on-demand" over the Internet, including through a standard modem connection. Most stories are broadcast in both French and English. Each week major stories relevant to the Internet are covered, as well as related technology news. iNR also offers audio articles containing movie reviews, software reviews, and feature stories. Pointers to Web sites relevant to stories are provided. Note that RealAudio now supports 28.8 modem connections in its 2.0 beta version.

134

InterNIC News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The _NSF Network News_, InterNIC Information Services' bimonthly publication, is now available on the Web. The current issue features an interview with the new Executive Director of the Internet Society, Tony Rutkowski, as well as a full-length article about the new NSFNET architecture, with a topology map; a Regional NIC Report from NorthWestNet about health care providers and the Internet; a news brief on current and pending National Information Infrastructure (NII) legislation, with a table of current legislation and status; and regular features of the _NSF Network News_ such as the InterNIC Event Calendar and updates from InterNIC partners.

1996-01-01

135

College News Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

College News Online is an international campus newswire and centralized information resource for college-bound students, current students, graduates, and others interested in higher education. The newswire indexes about 400 student-run and campus newspapers and maintains a news archive for the current year. The Campus Union section of College News Online provides information and links for financial aid, internships, employment, computer assistance, and a textbook exchange. The geographic Campus Index links users to college and university Websites throughout the US as well as to higher education institutions in over 110 different countries worldwide. Sociable visitors may share their burgeoning knowledge in the College Chat and Message Board sections.

136

Medical News Today  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website presents Medical News Today, an organization based in the United Kingdom, aimed at providing "the latest news headlines from the world of medicine and healthcare today and every day." The site offers 19 pages of recent news headline lists, with each headline hyperlinked to its article (or part of its article). Most article pages contain an original URL or some other contact or source information. In addition, the article pages allow site visitors to write an opinion piece about the article, as well as view other visitors' opinions. This website also provides search engines for medical abbreviations and terms, and links to information about healthcare, conditions, and patient resources.

137

Role of the furrow of the proximal colon in the production of soft and hard feces in nutrias, Myocastor coypus.  

PubMed

The bacterial level of soft feces is higher than that of hard feces in nutrias. This suggests the heterogeneity of bacterial density in the large intestine. To show the heterogeneity of bacteria in the contents of the large intestine in nutrias, we divided the contents of the large intestine into 12 regions, then measured the nitrogen (N), total amino acids (TAA) and diaminopimelic acid (DAP), a bacterial marker, of these regions. Levels of N, TAA and DAP varied along the cross section of the proximal colon. The greater curvature of the main lumen and furrow had higher N, TAA and DAP concentrations than the lesser curvature. We also examined the involvement of the furrow in producing two types of feces differing in bacterial nitrogen content by surgically preventing the flow of the furrow contents. We compared the concentrations of N, TAA and DAP between soft and hard feces among operated, sham-operated and intact animals. Surgical closure of the furrow abolished the difference in levels of N, TAA and DAP between soft and hard feces, suggesting that the furrow of the proximal colon is responsible for making the bacterial density higher in soft feces than in hard feces. PMID:11128443

Takahashi, T; Sakaguchi, E

2000-11-01

138

National PKU News  

MedlinePLUS

... Foods List Before you consider trying the new PKU drug, Kuvan, please click here for important information. Recent Website Updates - August 2013 ©2000-2013, National PKU News. All rights reserved. E-mail comments or ...

139

Conservative News Service (CNS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Media Resource Center, the Conservative News Service aims to give users an alternative to what it calls "a liberal bias in the American news media and a frequent, liberal double-standard in editorial decisions on what constitutes 'news'." It does this via a mix of short digest news articles and longer analytical articles in eight areas, including politics, economics, defense, religion, and culture. The X-Pert/Files/Links section contains links to conservative experts and their institutions in 45 subject areas. In addition, the site includes links to information about several conservative talk shows ("Radio Uplink") and several bulletin boards. CNS was created by MRC Chairman L. Brent Bozell III.

1998-01-01

140

FDA News for Educators  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Text VersionPage 1. News for Educators Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition Food Safety Nutrition Cosmetics July 2013 The Heat Is On! ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/food/newsevents

141

World Health News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published by the Center for Health Communication of the Harvard School of Public Health, this online weekly news digest covers stories on public health issues from around the world. Aimed at an international audience of policy makers, journalists, public health researchers, practitioners, and advocates, World Health News blends original reporting with links to stories and editorials from publications worldwide. Currently, the site features a spotlight story on women's rights, health, and equality, as well as synopses and links to stories on the death penalty, AIDS, mental health care for children, environmental hazards, teens and tobacco, and gene therapy, among others. Future plans for the site include video and audio offerings, such as expert interviews and coverage of breaking public health news from "leading news organizations."

142

Green Energy News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bruce Mulliken has been covering news and commentary on the world of clean, efficient, and renewable energy since 1996. His Green Energy News site is geared towards a broad audience that includes the general public, industry professionals, and government officials. First-time visitors will want to look at the "News Stories" on the front page which in recent editions have included pieces on the growing hydrogen economy, the potential of parking lots as a form of solar power, and the possibility of a zero emission electric vehicle with two wheels. Those looking for previous news features can browse the "Archives and Resources" area, which dates back to April 1996. Those looking for "green" events should browse over to the "Events Calendar" section, which provides links to upcoming events such as renewable energy conferences and clean vehicle expos.

Mulliken, Bruce C.

143

Turning News into Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests young people can respond to news stories and political issues they feel strongly about through poetry, and presents one student's effective use of satire which lets his emotions "leak through" to the reader. (NH)

Otten, Nick; Stelmach, Majorie

1987-01-01

144

Cornell Science News: Nanoguitar  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Science News article, from Cornell University, provides information about extraordinarily small vibrating devices, including a nanoguitar that is "carved out of crystalline silicon and no larger than a single cell." An optical method for detecting these vibrations is described.

2009-09-17

145

News Media Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The American news media industry is characterized by two competing dynamics -- traditional journalistic values and market demands for profit. Most within the industry consider themselves to be journalists first. In that capacity, they fulfill two key role...

D. Bagnati H. Ferguson J. Seng R. Girven S. Herr

2006-01-01

146

News Media Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

American news media has two fundamental roles in our democracy: that of eyewitness, giving citizens critical information, and also as the watchdog, providing another arm of 'checks and balances' within our governmental system. A central feature of the new...

C. Bartlett C. Bracuto D. Buonassisi F. Caruso D. Gurney

2003-01-01

147

Environmental News Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental News Network (ENN) has as its primary goal to educate the world about environmental issues facing our Earth. People can freely read articles that change daily on the latest news that affects our planet, read stories from major environmental organizations, search past stories, learn about upcoming events on the provided calendar, listen online to EarthNews Radio, and more. An example of a current in-depth article describes how fossil fuels today are depleted 100,000 times faster than they form and how, by 2010, world energy consumption is expected to increase almost 50 percent. Although the site may be slightly biased, it does provide easy access to a wealth of environmental news and information; those interested can even subscribe for email delivery of the latest ENN articles.

148

Environment News Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environment News Service is a daily international wire service covering issues and events that affect the environment. Topics include legislation, politics, conferences, lawsuits, international agreements, demonstrations, science and technology, public health, air quality, and many others. Site materials include text-based news articles and press releases, videos, information on professional media services, and subscription instructions. There is also a keyword search function that lets users locate material in older articles.

149

National Geographic News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Every science enthusiast will find countless, fascinating stories at this National Geographic website. The news site covers stories related to adventure and exploration, archaeology and paleontology, kids' news, science and technology, people and culture, the environment, and travel. Users can discover Special Series which cover emerging explorers, oceans, the pulse of the planet, and so much more. The incredible images warrant a visit all by themselves.

150

Top-pair production at hadron colliders with next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic soft-gluon resummation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Incorporating all recent theoretical advances, we resum soft-gluon corrections to the total tt¯ cross-section at hadron colliders at the next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic (NNLL) order. We perform the resummation in the well established framework of Mellin N-space resummation. We exhaustively study the sources of systematic uncertainty like renormalization and factorization scale variation, power suppressed effects and missing two- and higher-loop corrections. The inclusion of soft-gluon resummation at NNLL brings only a minor decrease in the perturbative uncertainty with respect to the NLL approximation, and a small shift in the central value, consistent with the quoted uncertainties. These numerical predictions agree with the currently available measurements from the Tevatron and LHC and have uncertainty of similar size. We conclude that significant improvements in the tt¯ cross-sections can potentially be expected only upon inclusion of the complete NNLO corrections.

Cacciari, Matteo; Czakon, Micha?; Mangano, Michelangelo; Mitov, Alexander; Nason, Paolo

2012-04-01

151

Role of the furrow of the proximal colon in the production of soft and hard feces in nutrias, Myocastor coypus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The bacterial level of soft feces is higher than that of hard feces in nutrias. This suggests the heterogeneity of bacterial\\u000a density in the large intestine. To show the heterogeneity of bacteria in the contents of the large intestine in nutrias, we\\u000a divided the contents of the large intestine into 12 regions, then measured the nitrogen (N), total amino acids

T. Takahashi; E. Sakaguchi

2000-01-01

152

Diffusion of solar innovations through television news programming  

SciTech Connect

The rationale, methodology, finished product, and evaluation of a series of short, topical films of various solar applications are presented. They were produced for use on prime-television news programming.

Shoemaker, F.; Halacy, D.; O'Keefe, G.J.; Sendroy, C.G.

1981-04-01

153

News and Advertisements: How Negative News May Reverse Advertising Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on the effects of news and advertising expenditures on corporate reputation. Both advertisement expenditures and the tone (or tenor) of business news exert a positive influence on corporate reputation. In addition, advertising expenditures were found to magnify the effects of the tone of the news. In particular, moderately educated customers are susceptible to the tone of the

MAY-MAY MEIJER; JAN KLEINNIJENHUIS

2007-01-01

154

CRIME AND THE NEWS MEDIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, any form of news-making is an institutional method of making information available to an audience or customers; it is located and gathered by professionals within organizations. Essentially, news in some form reflect society, indeed, it is a \\

Korni Swaroop KUMAR

155

C|Net News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week c|net: the Computer Network launched News.Com, an online service entirely devoted to technology news. It promises to be a useful site for a wide range of computer and Internet users who can visit once (or more) a day for updates on who's doing what in the world of the Internet, computing, Intranets, and business. Each section offers a dozen or more varied stories produced by c|net or accessed through links to other Internet publishers. Also offered in each section are short takes that provide a single paragraph summary of a piece of technology news. On the page with each current news story are links to related stories from the c|net archives that are useful for background information (the stories from the archives may be several months old, however, so be sure to check the dates to know if you are reading news or background). Opinion pieces can be found under Perspectives, and Newsmakers offers multimedia interviews with movers and shakers.

1996-01-01

156

Soft-sphere soft glasses.  

PubMed

Molecular dynamics simulations have been used to compute physical properties of model fluids in which the particles interacted via the soft-sphere pair potential (SSP) phi(r)=epsilon(sigma/r)(n), where epsilon and sigma are the characteristic energy and distance, respectively. The emphasis is on small values of n, tending to the lower theromodynamically allowed bound of 3+. An accurate equation of state for the SSP fluid is obtained, consisting of two terms, and as n-->3+, the compressibility factor, Z tends to Z=B(2)zeta(n/3) for zeta>0, where B(2) is the second virial coefficient, and zeta=piNsigma(3)/6V is a nominal packing fraction for N particles in volume V. A simple formula for the position of the first peak in the radial distribution function in the soft particle limit is proposed and shown to agree with the simulation data. The fluid phase velocity autocorrelation function at fluid-solid coexistence becomes more oscillatory as n decreases. Values for the self-diffusion coefficient D and shear viscosity eta were calculated as a function of n and density, and these were used to estimate the n-dependence of an ideal glass transition. The glass transition shifts relatively further into the solid part of the phase diagram as softness ( approximately 1/n) increases. D decreases by ca. 75% and eta increases by about a factor of 3 along the fluid-solid coexistence line from n=infinity to 3.25. Non-Gaussian behavior was calculated from the particle displacements as a function of particle softness. A screened soft-sphere potential, SSSP, was introduced to explore the effects for small n of the long range part of the potential in relation to the scale of the local structure. The SSSP with suitable analytic form and parameters can give statistically indistinguishable results from the full SSP for the static properties, D and eta. PMID:19947693

Heyes, D M; Clarke, S M; Bra?ka, A C

2009-11-28

157

Breaking Bad News to Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the difficulty of breaking bad news to parents, whether the news pertains to center policy or a child's behavior. Provides strategies for presenting news and for helping parents to overcome difficult situations, including gathering facts in advance, arranging an appropriate time, and having resource materials available for parents.…

Miller, Susan A.

1996-01-01

158

TV News Flow Studies Revisited.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compares different theoretical approaches to the study of international news. Finds many comparative studies of the foreign news output of national broadcasters and few studies analyzing the actual flow of television news between actors at the wholesale level and the flow between wholesale and retail level. Suggests a better framework for the…

Hjarvard, Stig

1995-01-01

159

The Trouble with Bad News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Subjective comments from veteran news reporters, media critics, and the public give the impression that bad or negative news is becoming a major problem in this country. This impression raises major questions concerning how much is really known about bad news, including whether the media present an accurate or distorted picture of reality in…

Haskins, Jack B.

1981-01-01

160

Political News and Political Consciousness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article deals with mass media in modern democratic societies, using the example of Israeli news reports in German television (TV) news. Central to this interest are processes of mediating politics: political socialisation and education; that is to say, empowering citizens via TV news to participate in democratic processes. The article…

Schertges, Claudia

2007-01-01

161

Science News of the Year  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a review of important science news stories reported in Science News during 1976. Most items include a volume and page number reference to the issue of Science News in which the article appeared. Items are grouped under general major headings such as: space, astronomy, medicine, chemistry, etc. (SL)

Science News, 1976

1976-01-01

162

Genome News Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While there is a great deal of information about genes and genomes available in the mainstream media, it may be difficult for many to obtain more objective and scientifically-informed material about these complex subjects. To that end, the Genome News Network provides this bi-weekly publication that features stories about human medicine, microbes, biotechnology, and agriculture. Visitors who may be less familiar about genes and genomes will want to start with the "Quick Guide to Sequenced Genomes," or the basic overview provided in the "What's a Genome" area. The site also features news updates on topics ranging from the African-American Biobank, the first cloned mule, and how geneticists recognize cancer cells. Additionally, visitors can browse through the archives of the News Network (back to the year 2000), and elect to receive the bi-weekly report via email.

163

Geology in the News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For this activity students read the newspaper on a daily basis, listen to news on the radio, or watch television, to acquire material related to the earth sciences. They will look for natural hazards (earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, hurricanes, etc.), human-made hazards (urbanization, compromised engineering projects, etc.), environmental issues, or resource extraction issues which all appear in the news with great frequency and are easily accessible. Students are reminded that they should look for information on the local level (water quality, solid waste management, development issues, etc.), as well as national and world wide issues. The news items may then be presented to the class as show-and-tell exercises with follow-up discussion by the class; a bulletin board that could be dedicated to posting the geologic events of the week; or scrapbooks of events, arranged either chronologically or by category of events compiled by individuals or classes.

Mogk, David

164

Is It Really News?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A leading national newspaper has stated that the majority of the information contained in its pages is in the form of advertisements. To investigate this, portions of the local newspaper are distributed to students working in groups. The class first reaches consensus on their definitions of "news" and other general headings (sports, entertainment, etc.). Students then express the ratio of the area of each category to the area of the page as a fraction and decimal. After analyzing the entire newspaper, students decide how much of it is really news.

Mathline, Pbs

1995-01-01

165

PsychNews International  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The well known InterPsych Newsletter has changed its name to PsychNews International and is available via email subscription and the Web. It is published ten times per year. Each issue can contain a combination of research findings, job and conference listings, and listings of Internet resources. PsychNews International concentrates on issues of psychology, psychiatry, and the social sciences. The Internet resources sections are a good place for anyone interested in the field to keep abreast of useful resources.

1994-01-01

166

Content-based analysis of news video  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we present a schema for content-based analysis of broadcast news video. First, we separate commercials from news using audiovisual features. Then, we automatically organize news programs into a content hierarchy at various levels of abstraction via effective integration of video, audio, and text data available from the news programs. Based on these news video structure and content analysis technologies, a TV news video Library is generated, from which users can retrieve definite news story according to their demands.

Yu, Junqing; Zhou, Dongru; Liu, Huayong; Cai, Bo

2001-09-01

167

Measurement of soft x-ray production from slab targets heated by 130 femtosecond Ultrashort Pulse (USP) laser at LLNL.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have measured the soft x-ray emission (500 to 2000 eV) from a variety of slab targets heated by the Ultrashort Pulse Laser (USP) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Emission spectra were measured using a transmission grating spectrograph coupled to a x-ray optic Kirkpatick-Baez microscope. Spectral measurements were complimented by broadband measurements using a backthinned CCD array coupled to an array of transmission filters. The targets were irradiated by a 200 - 300 mJ, 130 fs frequency-doubled (400 nm) Ti:Sapphire laser pulse focused to approximately 4-8× 10^17\\:W cm-2 using a f/15 off-axis parabola. The targets consisted of 1 ? m of Al, Si, Ti, Mn, Fe, Cu, Ge, and Ag coated onto a polished microscope slide. Preliminary comparisons with LASNEX hydrodynamic simulations provide some insight towards the laser energy absorption, thermal transport, and ionization physics characteristic of these near solid density plasmas.

Young, B. K. F.; Shepherd, R. L.; Shiromizu, S. J.; Nelson, D. E.; Price, D. F.; Bonlie, J. D.; Foord, M. E.; Wilson, B. G.; Springer, P. T.

1998-11-01

168

Hybrid hard- and soft-modeling of spectrophotometric data for monitoring of ciprofloxacin and its main photodegradation products at different pH values  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A simple and fast on line spectrophotometric method combined with a hybrid hard-soft modeling multivariate curve resolution (HS-MCR) was proposed for the monitoring of photodegradation reaction of ciprofloxacin under UV radiation. The studied conditions attempt to emulate the effect of sunlight on these antibiotics that could be eventually present in the environment. The continuous flow system made it possible to study the ciprofloxacin degradation at different pH values almost at real time, avoiding errors that could arise from typical batch monitoring of the reaction. On the base of a concentration profiles obtained by previous pure soft-modeling approach, reaction pathways have been proposed for the parent compound and its photoproducts at different pH values. These kinetic models were used as a constraint in the HS-MCR analysis. The kinetic profiles and the corresponding pure response profile (UV-Vis spectra) of ciprofloxacin and its main degradation products were recovered after the application of HS-MCR analysis to the spectra recorded throughout the reaction. The observed behavior showed a good agreement with the photodegradation studies reported in the bibliography. Accordingly, the photodegradation reaction was studied by high performance liquid chromatography coupled with UV-Vis diode array detector (HPLC-DAD). The spectra recorded during the chromatographic analysis present a good correlation with the ones recovered by UV-Vis/HS-MCR method.

Razuc, Mariela; Garrido, Mariano; Caro, Yamile S.; Teglia, Carla M.; Goicoechea, Héctor C.; Fernández Band, Beatriz S.

2013-04-01

169

Making News Connections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how one teacher uses news articles to teach connections between the present-day real world and the books that her students read. Notes that her intent is to help readers transfer concepts from one domain (their reading) to another (real life). Offers the example of how this was done with the book "The Giver" by Lois Lowry. (SR)

Swiderek, Bobbi

1998-01-01

170

NewsWire, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents the 3 2002 issues of the newsletter "NewsWire," (volume 5). Issue Number One focuses on collaborative Web projects. This issue begins with descriptions of four individual projects: "iEARN"; "Operation RubyThroat"; "Follow the Polar Huskies!"; and "Log in Your Animal Roadkill!" Features that follow include: "Bringing the…

Byrom, Elizabeth, Ed.; Bingham, Margaret, Ed.; Bowman, Gloria, Ed.; Shoemaker, Dan, Ed.

2002-01-01

171

Latest Space Shuttle News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from NASA offers the latest news on the space shuttle program. It features a variety of articles on the program. Links to other sites on the shuttle program provide provide resources such as posters, educational materials and interactive resources. Users can use the site to learn more about the most recent space shuttle missions or any of the past missions.

2002-01-01

172

News from LBL  

SciTech Connect

We present a brief summary of recent news from LBL related to accelerator physics. This talk was given on October 29, 1993 at the 6th Advanced ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop on the subject ``Synchro- Betraton Resonances,`` held in Funchal (Madeira, Portugal), October 24--30, 1993.

Furman, M.A.

1994-01-26

173

Smart Start News, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Smart Start is a comprehensive public-private initiative to help all North Carolina children enter school healthy and ready to succeed, and provides children from birth to age five access to high-quality and affordable child care, health care, and other critical services. This document comprises the first two issues of "Smart Start News," a…

Harris, Monica, Ed.

1999-01-01

174

Figuring Out Health News  

MedlinePLUS

... Put keywords from the news report into a search engine and see what comes up. The results will give you lots of different perspectives — particularly if the issue is big ... the sites that show up in search results may not have the most accurate and ...

175

Parent News Offline, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is comprised of the two issues published in volume 1 (1999) of "Parent News Offline," a newsletter of the National Parent Information Network (NPIN), designed to introduce those without Internet access to the activities and information available through NPIN. The spring 1999 issue contains the following articles: (1) "Child Care:…

Robertson, Anne S., Ed.

1999-01-01

176

Cornell News: New Nanoguitar  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This news article provides information about the newest version of the ânanoguitarâ created at Cornell University. The article describes the manufacture of sub-micron oscillators, in this case in the shape of a guitar and how the guitar string vibrations are investigated. The article includes a micrograph of this tiny musical instrument.

2008-07-09

177

Science News For Kids  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online publication offers timely, interesting news stories and features, accompanied by suggestions for hands-on activities, books, articles, and web resources. The content areas include atoms and forces, earth and sky, humans and health, life, and tech and math and it is appropriate for children 9-14, their parents, and their teachers.

2007-12-12

178

Commonwealth News Update  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing scandal over phone-hacking, alleged bribery of senior police officers and the use of convicted private investigators to obtain private information illegally enveloped Rupert Murdoch's global media empire, News Corporation. Murdoch and his son James were questioned by MPs as pressure grew in Britain, and abroad, to curb the tycoon's dominant role. Malta voted to legalise divorce. A corruption

Oren Gruenbaum

2011-01-01

179

News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews library news for 1997. Highlights public library budgets, examined by number of patrons served; Internet filters and censorship; librarians and the media; private and government funding sources; outsourcing; expectations for growth in the publishing industry, emphasizing the Asian economic crisis; and new ideas from the next generation of…

St. Lifer, Evan; Olson, Renee; Milliot, Jim; Bing, Jonathan

1998-01-01

180

Environmental news reports.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A collection of 13 news reports ranging in length from 1:30 to 2:16, about a wide range of on-going research dealing with the following environmental issues: remote sensing-water resources, a better soybean ink, kenaf: new paper crop, pesta: to control we...

1994-01-01

181

Antarctic News Clips - 1992.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The newspaper and magazine stories selected for this book present only a sampling of one year's (July 1991 to July 1992) news coverage of Antarctica. The only requirement for inclusion in this publication is that the article's subject matter pertains or r...

1992-01-01

182

The News, Fall 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This fall 2002 newsletter from the Community College League of California contains several articles, news stories, and the brochure from the 2002 Annual Convention, "Celebrating the Way California LEARNS." Articles include: (1) "Nursing Shortage Poses Dilemma for Colleges: Access vs. Efficiency," a discussion of the debate over how to increase…

Giles, Ray, Ed.

2002-01-01

183

2004 News Media Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Utter the news media to anyone and chances are you will be offered an instant judgment of the institution: Fair and balanced defenders of democracy biased liberals watch dogs attack dogs, and let's not forget former U.S. Vice President Spiro T. Agnew's de...

W. Beard J. Benfer J. Bohr R. Castellvi J. Chambers

2004-01-01

184

News from the frontline  

Cancer.gov

News from the Frontline Leslie G. Ford, M.D. Associate Director for Clinical Research Division of Cancer Prevention NCI/NIH/DHHS March 18, 2003 Dr. Elias Zerhouni NIH Director NIH Roadmap: Themes New Pathways to Discovery Re-engineering Clinical Research

185

PLCO News, Winter 2001  

Cancer.gov

PLCO News, Winter 2001 Trial Update Enrollment goal: 148,000 Total enrollment (as of November 30, 2000): 152,139 Men enrolled: 75,565 Women enrolled: 76,574 Number of people enrolled at age: 55-59 49,944 60-64 47,058

186

PLCO News, Winter 2001  

Cancer.gov

PLCO News, Winter 2001 Cancer Information Service If you have a question about cancer, call and speak with a trained specialist at NCI's Cancer Information Service (CIS). The CIS operates a nationwide toll-free telephone hotline Monday-Friday, 9:00 a.m.

187

News About News in a Presidential Primary Campaign: Press Metacoverage on Evening News, Political Talk, and Political Comedy Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines press metacoverage (i.e., news about news) on traditional broadcast network evening news programs, political talk programs on cable television, and political comedy programs. A content analysis found that 2008 presidential primary campaign stories on The O'Reilly Factor, Countdown, and The Daily Show were more likely to cover the news media and to present the news media in

David Wise; Paul R. Brewer

2010-01-01

188

How TV News Meets People's Needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

While most programs on television have an entertainment function, TV news is generally seen as meeting people's need for information. However more emotive gratifications are also associated with news- viewing. This study examines gratifications people derive from TV news in relation to their preferences for different types of news. It is found that people who watch TV news for information

John P. Henningham

1982-01-01

189

The NEWS ontology: Design and applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

News agencies are one of the main actors in the news business. These agencies produce daily big amounts of digital contents, which need to be managed and distributed to their customers. The NEWS (News Engine Web Services) project, already completed, had as goal to develop tools that, using state of the art technologies, may help news agencies to improve their

Norberto Fernández García; Damaris Fuentes; Luis Sánchez; Jesús Arias-Fisteus

2010-01-01

190

News related to future GDP growth as a risk factor in equity returns  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model that includes a factor that captures news related to future Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth along with the market factor can explain the cross-section of equity returns about as well as the Fama-French model can. Furthermore, the Fama-French factors HML and SMB appear to contain mainly news related to future GDP growth. When news related to future GDP

Maria Vassalou

2003-01-01

191

The anatomy of a news search engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today, news browsing and searching is one of the most important Internet activity. This paper introduces a general framework to build a News search engine by describing Velthune, an academic News search engine available on line.

Antonio Gulli

2005-01-01

192

7 CFR 28.904 - Market news.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Market news. 28.904 Section 28.904 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture ...Classification and Market News Services § 28.904 Market news. The Director shall cause to...

2010-01-01

193

7 CFR 28.904 - Market news.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Market news. 28.904 Section 28.904 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture ...Classification and Market News Services § 28.904 Market news. The Director shall cause to...

2009-01-01

194

7 CFR 28.904 - Market news.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Market news. 28.904 Section 28.904 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture ...Classification and Market News Services § 28.904 Market news. The Director shall cause to...

2013-01-01

195

International News Bowwowing: A Trend Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Concludes that the increased "borrowing" of news from foreign news agencies may not be due to the declining number of United States foreign correspondents but to Third World restrictions on access to news. (FL)|

Riffe, Daniel

1984-01-01

196

Environmental News Link  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental News Link Web site is published by Capital Reports, which was founded in 1980 by former lobbyist Brian Sturtevant and is self described as a pioneer in specialized environmental policy reporting. Offering an alternative to mainstream sites, visitors can read timely articles on some of the most important environmental news stories of the day. A few of the recent entries include stories about new toxic air emission rules, potential changes to BLM grazing regulations, and how the EPA is providing tools to improve septic system management. Although the articles are very succinct and no links are offered for additional information, those seeking quick updates will appreciate the well laid out and easily read articles.

2003-01-01

197

World Bank: News & Broadcast  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From logistics to international development, the World Bank's News & Broadcast website is worth bookmarking, particularly for public policy types, international affairs scholars, and anyone with a penchant for global matters. The homepage presents a news area, complete with icons which indicate whether there is video or audio associated with each item. Not only is it a good way to learn about the World Bank's activities, it is another way to stay on top of economic development strategies, political unrest, and foreign investment patterns. Visitors to the site can search all of the media available here, look over the World Bank's YouTube channel, and sign up for their RSS feed. Those persons looking for specific types of information can find a number of categories, including "Speeches", and "Issue Briefs".

198

Dynamic analysis of news streams: institutional versus environmental effects.  

PubMed

Many societal phenomena are studied through analysis of their representation in media-related texts, such as news articles. The dynamics of such data reflect the phenomenon's underlying generative mechanism. Media artifacts are assumed to mirror the social activity occurring in the environment, thus observed dynamics are assumed to reflect environmental dynamics. The institutional mechanics of media production also affect the observed dynamics however. In this study we examine the extent to which institutional versus environmental effects explain the observed dynamics of media content, in particular focusing on semi-continuous "news streams". We examine the dynamics of news streams produced by the electronic news organization Reuters, immediately following the events of September 11, 2001. We find that many of the observed dynamics appear institutionally generated. We conclude with methodological suggestions concerning the dynamic analysis of media content. PMID:15233881

Dooley, Kevin; Corman, Steven

2004-07-01

199

Geomorphology in the news  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Each student must choose a current news article that relates to geomorphology. Each student will given an oral presentation about the article, including a synopsis of the story and a description of geomorphic processes that are involved. The other students are able to ask questions. The activity gives the students a chance to relate what they are learning about in class to current events and social issues. Designed for a geomorphology course Has minimal/no quantitative component

Gasparini, Nicole

200

Botanical Electronic News (BEN)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The electronic newsletter BEN contains recent news about research and researchers in botany. Produced at least once a month by Dr. A. Ceska, the focus of BEN is primarily botany in British Columbia, Canada, and the adjacent Pacific Northwest (US). The BEN homepage offers users access to all issues of BEN back to 1995 (issue 115); articles vary in depth but often include links to substantial online information, such as publications, keys, or other useful resources.

201

[Surgical news of soft tissue sarcomas, fibromatosis and GIST].  

PubMed

Excellent local control rates can be achieved using multidisciplinary approach and combined surgical technics. Better vascular and nervous dissections, use of different flaps and isolated limb perfusion have been determinant. Resection's extent of retroperitoneal sarcoma is still debated, but compartmental surgery seems to achieve better local control. The impact of pre operative radiotherapy will be explored soon in a randomized EORTC trial. Concerning desmoids, authors address the question whether surgery and other aggressive treatments should systematically be part of first-line treatment, as growth arrest occurred in 2/3 of non-operated patients. The objective of on going biological studies is to use molecular findings to individualize the selection of management protocols. In the same way, surgical indications for gastrointestinal stromal tumors evolved: with the development of investigations, more micro-GIST are discovered, rising the question of wait and see policy for some of them. In locally advanced inoperable patients and metastatic patients, imatinib is the standard treatment. Secondary excision of residual disease has been shown to be related to a good prognosis in responding patients to imatinib, but it is still not demonstrated whether this is due to surgery itself or to a selection bias. An ongoing phase III EORTC randomises this secondary surgery after 6 to 12 months of imatinib in responding patients. PMID:20547479

Bonvalot, S; Rimareix, F; Bouzaiene, H

2010-06-01

202

Contact: Releasing the news  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The problem of mass behavior after man's future contacts with other intelligences in the universe is not only a challenge for social scientists and political leaders all over the world, but also a cultural time bomb as well. In fact, since the impact of CETI (Contact with Extraterrestrial Intelligence) on human civilization, with its different cultures, might cause a serious socio-anthropological shock, a common and predetermined worldwide strategy is necessary in releasing the news after the contact, in order to keep possible manifestations of fear, panic and hysteria under control. An analysis of past studies in this field and of parallel historical situations as analogs suggests a definite "authority crisis" in the public as a direct consequence of an unexpected release of the news, involving a devastating "chain reaction" process (from both the psychological and sociological viewpoints) of anomie and maybe the collapse of today's society. The only way to prevent all this is to prepare the world's public opinion concerning contact before releasing the news, and to develop a long-term strategy through the combined efforts of scientists, political leaders, intelligence agencies and the mass media, in order to create the cultural conditions in which a confrontation with ETI won't affect mankind in a traumatic way. Definite roles and tasks in this multi-level model are suggested.

Pinotti, Roberto

203

NewsRec, a Personal Recommendation System for News Websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

The behavior of how individuals select and read news depends on the underlying media for reproduction. Today, the use of news websites is increasing. Online readers usually have to click on abstracts or headlines in order to see full articles. This kind of selection of information is less pleasant than in traditional newspapers where glancing over the whole layout of

Christian Bomhardt; Wolfgang Gaul

2004-01-01

204

7 CFR 51.1582 - Soft rot or wet breakdown.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INSPECTION ACT FRESH FRUITS, VEGETABLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS 1,2 (INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Potatoes Definitions § 51.1582 Soft rot or wet breakdown. Soft rot or wet...

2013-01-01

205

News Consumption and Media Bias  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bias in the market for news is well-documented. Recent research in economics explains the phenomenon by assuming that consumers want to read (watch) news that is consistent with their tastes or prior beliefs rather than the truth. The present paper builds on this idea but recognizes that (i) besides “biased” consumers, there are also “conscientious” consumers whose sole interest is

Yi Xiang; Miklos Sarvary

2007-01-01

206

News Sources and Media Bias  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate the relationship between news sources and media firms. Although empirically important, this channel for supply-driven media bias has not previously been analyzed in economics literature. We model the relationship as an informal contract based on trust and punishment, where a news source decides if and how much information to provide to a media firm. Strategic

Armando J. Garcia-Pires; Hans Jarle Kind; Lars Sørgard

2012-01-01

207

Sentiment classification for stock news  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web news articles play an important role in stock market. Sentiment classification of news articles can help the investors make investment decisions more efficiently. In this paper, we implemented an approach of Chinese new words detection by using N-gram model and applied the result for Chinese word segmentation and sentiment classification. Appraisal theory was introduced into sentiment analysis and Naive

Yang Gao; Li Zhou; Yong Zhang; Chunxiao Xing; Yigang Sun; Xianzhong Zhu

2010-01-01

208

Getting Out the Good News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A majority of American schools are meeting the challenge of educating children. A New York State district gets out the good news by producing school newsletters and videos, by constant and close contact with the local news media, and by forming ties with local real estate agents. (MLF)|

Paciancia, David

1995-01-01

209

NEWS COVERAGE AND SUPPORT FOR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Citizens depend on information from the mass media when forming their opinion about political issues. Studies have shown that news media coverage of the EU can affect general and policy-specific support for European integration. Extant research has focused on individual-level analyses at specific points in time. The present study considers whether the visibility and the framing of EU news coverage

Rens Vliegenthart; Andreas R. T. Schuck; Hajo G. Boomgaarden; Claes H. De Vreese

210

Automatic Parsing of News Video  

Microsoft Academic Search

Video content parsing is possible when one has an a priori model of a video's structure based on domain knowledge. This paper presents work on using domain knowledge to parse content of news video programs. Approaches to locating and identifying frame structure models based on temporal and spatial structure of news video data, along with algorithms to apply these models

Hongjiang Zhang; Yihong Gong; Stephen W. Smoliar; Shuang Yeo Tan

1994-01-01

211

Making Youths Happy News Consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Based on the uses and gratifications theory and the Delphi technique, this study did an in-depth investigation among,28 college and high school students on youths’ rationales behind their news consumption behavior. The study concludes that, in years to come, the news industry needs to realize a

Edgar Huang

212

Science News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews important science news stories of 1981 as reported in "Science News." Gives a one-sentence summary and volume and page references for each story. Groups items by topic including space and astronomy, archaeology and anthropology, technology, behavior, science and society, energy, environment, and specific science disciplines. (DC)

Science News, 1981

1981-01-01

213

Science News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a review of important science news stories of 1989 as reported in the pages of "Science News." Topics include anthropology, astronomy, behavior, biology, biomedicine, chemistry, environment, food science, math and computers, paleobiology, physics, science and society, space sciences, and technology. (CW)

Science News, 1989

1989-01-01

214

Obesity in the news: directions for future research.  

PubMed

Obesity attracts large volumes of news coverage. This in turn has spawned academic studies investigating how news framing may affect views about causes of and solutions to obesity. We use key studies to demonstrate that although existing research has made valuable discoveries about how obesity is defined in various media outlets, some methodological and theoretical questions remain unaddressed. We argue that extant research has focused on one dimension of analysis--the problematization of obesity in news stories--precluding insights into the entire process of obesity communication. Drawing on framing and media studies research, we propose a multidimensional approach to shed more light on factors affecting the production of obesity news stories by journalists and how they may be received by audience members. Ways of moving research into this multidimensional direction are proposed, including analysis of journalistic news values, political leaning and style of media outlets, emotion-eliciting language, readers' comments and obesity-related news visuals. Knowledge resulting from the exploration of these dimensions of the issue of obesity can be used to improve strategies to inform and engage audience members. PMID:22340286

Atanasova, D; Koteyko, N; Gunter, B

2012-02-17

215

The News Hour  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An activity that I successfully used twice in teaching Active Tectonics is one I call "The News Hour," patterned after the PBS New Hour. I generated the idea out of concern that active tectonics sets of class readings are so broad, diverse, and and voluminous that it can be intimidating both for students and faculty to think about how best to prepare for a given class. I concluded that one way to achieve context is to set up a brief dialogue that removes 'geospeak' and centers a focus on societal implications of active tectonic phenomena. ACTIVE TECTONICS, SOCIETY, EARTHQUAKES, MEDIA

Davis, George

216

Internet Archive: TV News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Internet Archive has created this very ambitious project to bring together over 371,000 news broadcasts of various origins since 2009. Students of communications, media, and related fields will find much to revel in here. Visitors can search all of the captions from each program on the homepage or look at the Recent Extracted Topics word cloud. Not surprisingly, some of the popular words here include "Technology," "Energy," "Defense," and "Environment." Visitors can fine-tune their search by looking for certain programs on select networks in order to get a better sense of different programming styles and nuances.

2012-01-01

217

News@SEI Interactive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Software Engineering Institute at Carnegie Mellon University publishes an online quarterly journal called news@sei interactive. The columns and features of the latest installment can be viewed online or downloaded as an Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) file. Of particular interest in this issue is the continuation of The Future of Software Engineering, a series of articles that considers industry trends and changes in technology. Another column examines overall Internet security and the risks inherent in doing business online. An archive on the site provides access to all previous issues of the journal, dating back to 1998.

2002-01-01

218

A Political Economy of News Media in the People's Republic of China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyses the political economy of news media production in the People's Republic of China (PRC) using Herman and Chomsky's Propaganda Model. This method contains two aspects: (1) an examination of the effects that a capitalist base has on news media in the transitioning system of the PRC, and (2) a study of the utility of the Propaganda Model's

Jesse Owen Hearns-Branaman

2009-01-01

219

Can Soft Drink Taxes Reduce Population Weight?  

PubMed Central

Soft drink consumption has been hypothesized as one of the major factors in the growing rates of obesity in the US. Nearly two-thirds of all states currently tax soft drinks using excise taxes, sales taxes, or special exemptions to food exemptions from sales taxes to reduce consumption of this product, raise revenue, and improve public health. In this paper, we evaluate the impact of changes in state soft drink taxes on body mass index (BMI), obesity, and overweight. Our results suggest that soft drink taxes influence BMI, but that the impact is small in magnitude.

Fletcher, Jason M.; Frisvold, David

2009-01-01

220

International News and Borrowed News in the New York Times: An Update  

Microsoft Academic Search

This content analysis shows the number of international news items in the New York Times has decreased over the last 22 years. Roughly one in five items contained second-hand or borrowed news (material first disseminated by and attributed to another news organization), though trend analysis indicates increasing news borrowing. Borrowed news was most common in items from Second World (Communist)

Daniel Riffe; Charles F. Aust; Rhonda J. Gibson; Elizabeth K. Viall; Huiuk Yi

1993-01-01

221

A model for the translation of news agency texts (Sapa) for radio (OFM) news  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radio news differs from news provided by other media. According to Oosthuizen (1996), radio is an alerting medium. Leiter, Harriss and Johnson (2000) refer to this attribute as immediacy. The time available to news is very limited and this is why radio news stories are condensed into only a few sentences. Furthermore, news for broadcast is written in a conversational

Marlie van Rooyen; Jacobus A Naudé

2009-01-01

222

A Squatter on the Fourth Estate: Google News  

Microsoft Academic Search

Buoyed by its brand name, Google News has grown from its beta stage into a popular news site with a significant share of the Internet market for “Current Events and Global News.” The success of Google News raises questions about the nature of news and even the desirability of Google's presenting news. Where does Google News fit into the myriad

Jim Galbraith

2008-01-01

223

News in the age of the web  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most exciting and successful examples of the Web impacting society is online news. The history of the news industry from print to the online medium is an interesting journey. Broadcast news transformed society by making news available instantly rather than once a day. While more channels became available, barriers to entry remained high and mainstream opinions continued

Krishna Bharat

2005-01-01

224

The Diffusion of "Shocking" Good News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the diffusion of news about the Mormon Church's approval of Blacks for the priesthood revealed that "shocking" good news can ignite the interpersonal communications system, that news has more credibility when obtained from media than when obtained interpersonally, and that people use mass media to verify news obtained interpersonally.…

Haroldsen, Edwin O.; Harvey, Kenneth

1979-01-01

225

Trading Strategies To Exploit News Sentiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use quantitative news data generated by a large-scale natural language processing (NLP) news analysis system to perform a comprehensive study on how a company's re- ported news frequency, sentiment polarity and subjectivity anticipates or reflects its stock trading volumes and finan- cial returns. Our analysis provides concrete evidence that news data is highly informative, as previously suggested in the

Wenbin Zhang; Steven Skiena

226

Media deregulation and the online news market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The preservation of a diverse news market has been one of the longstanding motivations behind media ownership limitations. Without the checks and balances provided by competition, owner interests may unduly influence the news. The vibrant online news community, which includes thousands of news sites representing a wide range of political viewpoints, has recently been cited as one of the reasons

R. Kelly Garrett

227

The great soft dollar debate  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has defined “soft dollar” practices as arrangements under which products or services, other than execution of securities transactions, are obtained by an investment adviser from or through a broker-dealer in exchange for the direction by the adviser of client brokerage transactions to the broker-dealer. In the wake of the mutual fund scandals of 2003,

David G. Tittsworth; Geoffrey I. Edelstein

2004-01-01

228

Production of spectrally narrow soft-x-ray radiation through the use of broadband laser-produced plasma sources and multilayer-coated reflecting optics.  

PubMed

We describe a special filter design that produces spectrally narrow soft-x-ray radiation by using a broadband laser-produced plasma source and multilayer-coated reflecting optics. Calculations for the design were carried out at several laser-produced plasma-source temperatures and various multilayermirror combinations with and without a soft-x-ray filter. We determined that the best arrangement for a laser-produced plasma source consists of two multilayer mirrors and one soft-x-ray filter for each temperature investigated. PMID:21052324

Eligon, A M; Gruber, N; Silfvast, W T

1995-08-01

229

7 CFR 51.1563 - Soft rot or wet breakdown.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Soft rot or wet breakdown. 51.1563...AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 FRESH FRUITS, VEGETABLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS...Definitions § 51.1563 Soft rot or wet breakdown. Soft rot or wet breakdown means any...

2010-01-01

230

7 CFR 51.1582 - Soft rot or wet breakdown.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 false Soft rot or wet breakdown. 51.1582...AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 FRESH FRUITS, VEGETABLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS...Definitions § 51.1582 Soft rot or wet breakdown. Soft rot or wet breakdown means any...

2009-01-01

231

7 CFR 51.1563 - Soft rot or wet breakdown.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 false Soft rot or wet breakdown. 51.1563...AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 FRESH FRUITS, VEGETABLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS...Definitions § 51.1563 Soft rot or wet breakdown. Soft rot or wet breakdown means any...

2009-01-01

232

7 CFR 51.1582 - Soft rot or wet breakdown.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Soft rot or wet breakdown. 51.1582...AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 FRESH FRUITS, VEGETABLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS...Definitions § 51.1582 Soft rot or wet breakdown. Soft rot or wet breakdown means any...

2010-01-01

233

SpatialNews  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The applications of geographic information systems (GIS) grow with each passing day, and more people are interested in careers in this field. The SpatialNews site is a good way for students and professionals in the GIS field to stay on top of new developments via their feature articles, RSS feeds, and discussion boards. There is a great deal of information on the homepage, and first-time visitors should start by looking over the sections on "GIS Education", "Features", and "Business Bit & Bytes". Some of the more notable feature articles profile the history of GIS, the use of GIS in the military, and the use of GIS during hurricane evacuations. The site is rounded out by a listing of job opportunities and selected comments from the discussion boards.

234

Philosophy News Service (PNS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Updated daily, this site offers links to online philosophy news and articles from a variety of sources, though most seem to be located in the US or Australia. Recent items included pieces on the ethics of Kosovo, philosophical counseling, Noam Chomsky and Edward Said, an audio symposium on "Genes, Genesis, and God," and several notices of professional interest. Additional features at the site include PhilosophEye, a special essay with related links offering "philosophical perspectives on matters of public interest," a philosophy calendar, a Question of the Week with posted responses, and related links. The PNS also hosts a mailing list, PNS-List, which shares research and professional announcements for philosophers and philosophy students.

1999-01-01

235

Space Launch Initiative News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of the Space Launch Initiative (SLI) is "to identify feasible options for future NASA space transportation and enable a decision regarding whether the agency should proceed into full-scale development of a new reusable launch vehicle system." This news page has information on current developments, fact sheets, and vehicle concepts. Several technology summaries describe the various areas of research for the SLI. For example, using neural networks in the vehicle's control and navigation would allow for automatic, intelligent adjustments and would take some of the burden off the crew. Safety is one of the primary concerns, which is demonstrated by the articles on crew escape systems and the Integrated Vehicle Health Management system.

2000-01-01

236

Ovine thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) heterologously stimulates production of thyroid hormones from Chinese soft-shell turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis) and bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana and Rana rugulosa) thyroids in vitro.  

PubMed

Thyroid hormones are important for regulating a variety of developmental processes in vertebrates, including growth, differentiation, metamorphosis, and oxidative metabolism. In particular, this study focused on the in vitro production of thyroxine (T(4)) and triiodothyronine (T(3)) from thyroids in American bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana), Chinese bullfrogs (Rana rugulosa Wiegmann), and Chinese soft-shell turtles (Pelodiscus sinensis) treated with ovine thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) at different culture intervals (2, 4, 8, and 12 h) and dosages (1, 10, 50 or 100 ng). The levels of T(4) and T(3) in the tested animals were elevated upon stimulation in a time- and dose-dependent manner, indicating de novo synthesis of T(4) and T(3). Significantly higher hormone levels were observed in the Chinese bullfrog compared to the other two species, for both the time-course and dose-response experiments. Although the bullfrog secreted significantly higher levels of T(4) and T(3), a higher T(4)-conversion capacity was found in the Chinese soft-shell turtle. The highest ratios of T(3) to T(4) were observed in the American bullfrog and Chinese soft-shell turtle for the time-course and dose-response experiments, respectively. These findings suggest that the Chinese soft-shell turtle and bullfrog thyroids can accept ovine TSH for T(4)- and T(3)-formation in a time- and dose-dependent manner, supporting the hypothesis that the binding interactions between TSHs and thyroidal receptors are conserved in vertebrates. PMID:19535032

Huang, Wei-Tung; Chien, Jung-Tsun; Weng, Ching-Feng; Jeng, Yung-Yue; Lu, Li-Chia; Yu, John Yuh-Lin

2009-02-07

237

Microbial Control News - November 2011  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This is the first of a column in the Society for Invertebrate Pathology Newsletter. Entitled "Microbial Control News" this article summarizes regulatory actions in the U.S. and Canada regarding microbial insect pest control agents....

238

Good News About Childhood Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... Home Current Issue Past Issues Good News About Childhood Cancer Past Issues / Spring 2008 Table of Contents ... 85 percent for the most common form of childhood cancer (acute lymphoblastic leukemia or ALL). During the ...

239

Increasing Learning from TV News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes an experiment that manipulated two variables, repetition and pausing for viewer "digestion" of information in a news telecast. Concludes that the use of repetition increased viewers' retention of information, but that pauses did not. (FL)|

Perloff, Richard M.; And Others

1982-01-01

240

NEAT: News Exploration Along Time  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a There are a number of efforts towards building applications that leverage temporal information in documents. The demonstration\\u000a of our NEAT (News Exploration Along Time) prototype system that we propose here, is an attempt towards building an intuitive\\u000a and exploratory interface for search results over large news archives using timelines. The demonstration uses the New York\\u000a Times Annotated Corpus as an

Omar Alonso; Klaus Berberich; Srikanta J. Bedathur; Gerhard Weikum

2010-01-01

241

Soft condensed matter physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soft condensed matter physics is the study of materials, such as fluids, liquid crystals, polymers, colloids and emulsions, that are “soft” to the touch. This article will review some properties, such as the dominance of entropy, that are unique to soft materials and some properties such as the interplay between broken-symmetry, dynamic mode structure and topological defects that are common

T. C. Lubensky

1997-01-01

242

International Soft Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the concept of soft law has existed for years, scholars have not reached consensus on why states use soft law or even whether “soft law” is a coherent analytic category. In part, this confusion reflects a deep diversity in both the types of international agreements and the strategic situations that produce them. In this paper, we advance four complementary

Andrew T Guzman; Timothy L Meyer

2010-01-01

243

Bringing the News Back Home: Strategies of Acculturation and Foreignisation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the long-standing debate in the field of translation concerning whether texts should be fully acculturated into the target system or should retain traces of their foreign origin. The author suggests that these debates become redundant, if not counter-productive in the field of news translation, where the demands of the target…

Bassnett, Susan

2005-01-01

244

Bringing the News Back Home: Strategies of Acculturation and Foreignisation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper considers the long-standing debate in the field of translation concerning whether texts should be fully acculturated into the target system or should retain traces of their foreign origin. The author suggests that these debates become redundant, if not counter-productive in the field of news translation, where the demands of the target…

Bassnett, Susan

2005-01-01

245

Soft Money Laundromat  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Last week, Common Cause launched the Soft Money Laundromat, an online database of unlimited and unregulated monetary contributions to US political parties. The searchable database contains information on special interest soft money contributions to the Democratic and Republican parties since 1995. Users may search by soft money donor, donor location, or industry group. The site also profiles the top soft money donors, outlining their legislative and lobbying agenda, and explains how soft money is used to influence and corrupt the US political process. Users unfamiliar with soft money contributions may want to consult a well-organized FAQ, which provides background information on the origin of soft money, the loopholes in political contribution law, and the status of campaign finance reform.

246

Profile: Uses and values for news on cable television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cable subscribers who are regular users of television news indicated that broadcast stations were the dominant source of news across all dayparts. Cable news dependent subscribers were more likely than broadcast news dependent subscribers to use cable news on a regular basis and tune to cable in a national crisis. They were younger, compared cable news more favorably to broadcast

Thomas F. Baldwin; Marianne Barrett; Benjamin Bates

1992-01-01

247

Oppositional Readings of Network Television News: Viewer Deconstruction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an empirical study regarding deconstruction by network television news viewers. We define news deconstruction as the identification and criticism of ideology in news by its viewers. Twelve viewers were given surveys about the news, shown videotapes of NBC news, and asked to fill out cognitive response forms during viewing. We explained our studies of news deconstruction and

Kenneth L. Hacker; Tara G. Coste; Daniel F. Kamm; Carl R. Bybee

1991-01-01

248

Africa: It's good news, bad news - again  

SciTech Connect

This article presents the outlook for African petroleum. Observations include: Nigerian oil revenues will be $6-7 billion this year, down 50% from '84; Egyptian drillers are still going strong in the Western Desert and Gulf of Suez; Algeria is looking for natural gas buyers, and they have plenty of gas to sell-cheap; Even with new petroleum legislation, Tunisian production and reserves are falling; Libya's bozo leader is feeling the effects of falling oil revenues and falling bombs; Angola continues as a hot spot of activity with 42 successful oil strikes last year; Crude production jumped 29% in Cameroun last year with three new fields onstream; Congo is another West African winner due to major commitments by Elf and Agip.

Not Available

1986-08-01

249

Arousing News Characteristics in Dutch Television News 1990–2004: An Exploration of Competitive Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the processes by which competition in the television news market might promote the presence of arousing characteristics in television news. A total of 3,024 news stories from six Dutch television news programs over the period 1990 to 2004 were investigated through content analysis. The findings of the study show overall increases in all 6 arousing characteristics. The

Paul Hendriks Vettehen; Johannes Beentjes; Koos Nuijten; Allerd Peeters

2010-01-01

250

Using the internet for news and perceptions of news organization bias  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to reveal perceptions of news organization bias among people who use the internet. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data for this study were drawn from the Pew Research Center June 2005 News Interest Index. Respondents were asked if news organizations were politically biased in their reporting. Another question asked respondents if news organizations had a

Thomas B. Christie

2009-01-01

251

A knowledge visualization model for evaluating Internet news agencies on conflicting news  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advent of the Internet, the news agencies have published news on their websites for the internet readers. This improvement enables Internet readers to access news easily and also to gain information and knowledge in real time manner. Since there are many online news agencies and online newspapers, readers generally have difficulty to decide which newspaper or agency provides

I. T. Medeni; S. Peker; M. E. Uyar

2011-01-01

252

Antarctic news clips - 1992  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The newspaper and magazine stories selected for this book present only a sampling of one year's (July 1991 to July 1992) news coverage of Antarctica. The only requirement for inclusion in this publication is that the article's subject matter pertains or refers to Antarctica in some way - whether it is focused on the science done there, or on the people who play such a large part in the work accomplished, or on the issues related to it. No attempt has been made to correlate the number of articles, or their length, with the importance of the subjects treated. Clippings are provided to the Foundation by a service that searches for items containing the phrase 'National Science Foundation'. Identical versions of many stories, especially those written and distributed by wire services such as the Associated Press and United Press International, and by syndicated columnists, are published in numerous papers across the United States. Other articles are submitted from a variety of sources, including interested readers across the United States and in New Zealand.

1992-07-01

253

When Do Women Get a Voice? Explaining the Presence of Female News Sources in Belgian News Broadcasts (2003—5)  

Microsoft Academic Search

For more than a decade now, it has been demonstrated that female news sources receive little attention in television news. Usually women account for no more than 20—25 percent of total time devoted to people speaking in the news. This article assesses when exactly female news sources are depicted in the news, using a dataset of 25,896 news items and

Knut De Swert; Marc Hooghe

2010-01-01

254

The Daily News - Free Internet Sources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Daily News - Free Internet Sources. A catalog of those sites on the Internet that provide significant business and economic news on a daily basis, without charge. Includes publications organized by geographic regions around the world.

1995-01-01

255

PROCESSING, PRODUCTS, AND FOOD SAFETY Effects of Regular and Modified Starches on Cooked Pale, Soft, and Exudative; Normal; and Dry, Firm, and Dark Breast Meat Batters  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of potato and tapioca starches (regular and modified) on the texture, yield, and micro- structure of pale, soft, and exudative (PSE); normal; and dark, firm, and dry (DFD) chicken breast meats were studied. Cook yield and fracture force were higher in DFD than in normal and PSE meat. All starches signifi- cantly improved yield with modified tapioca showing

L. Zhang; S. Barbut

256

FindLaw Legal News and Commentary  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

FindLaw (discussed in the February 23, 1996 Scout Report) offers this legal news section to its arsenal of law resources. Daily news feeds from Reuters are available in fourteen categories at this time, ranging from telecommunications to US Justice Department to various types of litigation news. There is a searchable archive, and email updates are available. This is an effective, one-stop shopping site featuring descriptive stories about the legal news of the day.

1994-01-01

257

Scandal Clouds News Corporation's Move into Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When News Corporation announced last fall its entry into the education technology market, some observers said the media conglomerate led by Rupert Murdoch was a bad fit for education. Between the ownership of conservative-leaning outlets like Fox News and a reputation for identifying opportunities to generate lots of revenue very quickly, News

Quillen, Ian

2011-01-01

258

A Reconsideration of Bias in the News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses conceptual problems with the traditional approach to the study of news bias; reports on a study conducted with 73 college students, which yielded data supporting the thesis that what news consumers see as biased news is often material that is discrepant with what they already believe. (GT)|

Stevenson, Robert L.; Greene, Mark T.

1980-01-01

259

Cancer News Coverage and Information Seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The shift toward viewing patients as active consumers of health information raises questions about whether individuals respond to health news by seeking additional information. This study examines the relationship between cancer news coverage and information seeking using a national survey of adults aged 18 years and older. A Lexis-Nexis database search term was used to identify Associated Press (AP) news

Jeff Niederdeppe; Dominick L. Frosch; Robert C. Hornik

2008-01-01

260

Scandal Clouds News Corporation's Move into Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When News Corporation announced last fall its entry into the education technology market, some observers said the media conglomerate led by Rupert Murdoch was a bad fit for education. Between the ownership of conservative-leaning outlets like Fox News and a reputation for identifying opportunities to generate lots of revenue very quickly, News

Quillen, Ian

2011-01-01

261

An Interactive Malaysia Crime News Retrieval System  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes our overview on crime news retrieval system for Malaysian context. We discuss a framework of an Interactive Malaysia Crime News Retrieval System (i-JEN) from the perspective of technical possibilities. Our main objectives are to construct crime based event; investigate the use of crime based event in improving the classification and clustering; develop an interactive crime news retrieval

Masnizah Mohd; Nazlena Mohamad Ali

2011-01-01

262

Breaking bad news and personality assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breaking bad news to seriously ill patients is an especially difficult and important part of patient education and counseling. Guidelines for breaking bad news have been previously presented, but this is the first report to address the personality of the patient in deciding how to break bad news. A case study of a patient diagnosed with amytrophic lateral sclerosis is

A Rudnick; Y Ezra; E Melamed

2000-01-01

263

Network Evening News Coverage of Environmental Risk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focusing on ABC, NBC, and CBS's evening news broadcasts from January 1984 through February 1986, a study examined network news coverage of environmental risk--defined as manmade chemical, biological, and physical agents that create risk in the indoor, outdoor, and occupational environments. Using the Vanderbilt University "Television News Index…

Greenberg, Michael R.; And Others

264

Broadcast news navigation using story segmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine tire developed techniques and lessons learned in an operational multimedia exploitation system, Broadcast News Editor (BNE) and Broadcast News Navigator (BNN). BNE captures, analyzes, annotates, segments, summarizes, and stores broadcast news audio, video and textual data within tlte context of multimedia database system BNN provides web based retrieval tools from the multimedia

Andrew Merlino; Daryl Morey; Mark T. Maybury

1997-01-01

265

Framing analysis: An approach to news discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the American political process, news discourse concerning public policy issues is carefully constructed. This occurs in part because both politicians and interest groups take an increasingly proactive approach to amplify their views of what an issue is about However, news media also play an active role in framing public policy issues. Thus, in this article, news discourse is conceived

Zhongdang Pan; Gerald M. Kosicki

1993-01-01

266

Television News Viewing by Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on personal interviews with 166 men and women older than age 65 and 246 mail questionnaires, this study finds that older people prefer television for national and world news, but newspapers for local news. Of television programs, both men and women prefer news and public affairs programs highest, but thereafter women prefer educational programs next while men favor sports

R. Irwin Goodman

1990-01-01

267

Musical News: Popular Music in Political Movements  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to a survey of activists, popular musicians perform a journalistic role in political movements. By serving as an alternative headline service, these musicians continue and update an ancient musical news tradition. From the lyrical poets of ancient Greece to Mexican corridistas, music allowed storytellers to effectively compose, retain, and present news. Although print news replaced lyrical reporting as the

Mark Pedelty

268

Linking online news and social media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of what is discussed in social media is inspired by events in the news and, vice versa, social media provide us with a handle on the impact of news events. We address the following linking task: given a news article, find social media utterances that implicitly reference it. We follow a three-step approach: we derive multiple query models from

Manos Tsagkias; Maarten de Rijke; Wouter Weerkamp

2011-01-01

269

Linking Online News and Social Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of what is discussed in social media is inspired by events in the news and, vice versa, social media provide us with a handle on the impact of news events. We address the following linking task: given a news article, find social media utterances that implicitly reference it. We follow a three-step approach: we derive multiple query models from

Manos Tsagkias; Maarten de Rijke; Wouter Weerkamp

270

Online News Media Use And Political Tolerance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between online news media use, selectivity in media content, and political tolerance. Tolerance develops as result of exposure to a diversity of ideas and perspectives, which the media provide. Online news use encourages and requires users to selectively expose and navigate through information based on personal choice. Online news permits individuals to choose information based

Jessi Mccabe

2010-01-01

271

Creating Reality: How TV News Distorts Events.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A three-year research project, including more than one year in a network affiliate station, provided the material for an analysis of current practices in television news programming. Based on the thesis that the organization of news encourages the oversimplification of events, this analysis traces the foundation of the bias called the "news

Altheide, David L.

272

A Proactive Personalized Mobile News Recommendation System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recommendation Systems have become an important research area in mobile computing. Although various recommendation systems have been developed to help users to deal with information overload, few systems focus on proactive information recommendation. This paper presents a news recommender system that proactively pushes just-in-time personalized news articles to mobile users based on user's contextual information as well as news content.

Kam Fung Yeung; Yanyan Yang

2010-01-01

273

Cankao Xiaoxi: News for China's Cadre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports that middle-level Chinese government officials are given almost verbatim translations of selected news stories and commentary from around the world in a publication called "News for Reference," which is widely distributed in China by the Hsinhua news agency. (FL)|

Atwood, L. Erwin; Lin, N.

1982-01-01

274

News Resources on the World Wide Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes up-to-date news sources that are presently available on the Internet and World Wide Web. Highlights include electronic newspapers; AP (Associated Press) sources and Reuters; sports news; stock market information; New York Times; multimedia capabilities, including CNN Interactive; and local and regional news. (LRW)|

Notess, Greg R.

1996-01-01

275

Perceptions of Advertising Influence on Broadcast News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Finds that while students (studying broadcast journalism or advertising) and practitioners (station news directors and agency media directors) were in agreement on the majority of opinion statements discussing advertising's influence on broadcast news content, except students were less bothered by advertising's influence on news content than were…

Brown, Hubert W.; Barnes, Beth E.

2001-01-01

276

Perceptions of Advertising Influence on Broadcast News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finds that while students (studying broadcast journalism or advertising) and practitioners (station news directors and agency media directors) were in agreement on the majority of opinion statements discussing advertising's influence on broadcast news content, except students were less bothered by advertising's influence on news content than were…

Brown, Hubert W.; Barnes, Beth E.

2001-01-01

277

Optical Long Baseline Interferometry News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Optical Long Baseline Interferometry News is a website and forum for scientists, engineers, and students who share an interest in long baseline stellar interferometry. It was established in 1995 and is the focus of activity of the IAU Working Group on Optical/Infrared Interferometry. Here you will find links to projects devoted to stellar interferometry, news items, recent papers and preprints, and resources for further research. The email news forum was established in 2001 to complement the website and to facilitate exchanges and collaborations. The forum includes an email exploder and an archived list of discussions. You are invited to explore the forum and website at http://olbin.jpl.nasa.gov. Work by PRL was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Lawson, P. R.; Malbet, F.

2005-12-01

278

AIDS and the news media.  

PubMed

News reports on AIDS have appeared at a time of general public concern about health risks, and, like the coverage of risk, the reporting on AIDS has been controversial. Perceptions of this disease have been linked to economic and personal stakes, professional ideologies, administrative responsibilities, and moral beliefs. It is from this perspective that news coverage of AIDS must be understood. The norms and practices of journalism, the technical uncertainties of risk evaluation, and the pressures placed on the media by various interests have influenced the reporting on this disease. However, media reports also shape the social context of the epidemic, affecting public perceptions, personal behavior, and policy agendas. PMID:1791792

Nelkin, D

1991-01-01

279

What's News, What's Not? Associating News Videos with Words  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text retrieval from broadcast news video is unsatisfactory, because a transcript word frequently does not directly 'describe' the shot when it was spoken. Extending the retrieved region to a window around the matching keyword provides better recall, but low precision. We im- prove on text retrieval using the following approach: First we segment the visual stream into coherent story-like units,

Pinar Duygulu; Alexander G. Hauptmann

2004-01-01

280

Adaptive model for recommendation of news  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most news recommender systems try to identify users' interests and news' attributes and use them to obtain recommendations. Here we propose an adaptive model which combines similarities in users' rating patterns with epidemic-like spreading of news on an evolving network. We study the model by computer agent-based simulations, measure its performance and discuss its robustness against bias and malicious behavior. Subject to the approval fraction of news recommended, the proposed model outperforms the widely adopted recommendation of news according to their absolute or relative popularity. This model provides a general social mechanism for recommender systems and may find its applications also in other types of recommendation.

Medo, Matúš; Zhang, Yi-Cheng; Zhou, Tao

2009-11-01

281

Temporal and Cross Correlations in Business News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We empirically investigate temporal and cross correlations inthe frequency of news reports on companies, using a dataset of more than 100 million news articles reported in English by around 500 press agencies worldwide for the period 2003--2009. Our first finding is that the frequency of news reports on a company does not follow a Poisson process, but instead exhibits long memory with a positive autocorrelation for longer than one year. The second finding is that there exist significant correlations in the frequency of news across companies. Specifically, on a daily time scale or longer the frequency of news is governed by external dynamics, while on a time scale of minutes it is governed by internal dynamics. These two findings indicate that the frequency of news reports on companies has statistical properties similar to trading volume or price volatility in stock markets, suggesting that the flow of information through company news plays an important role in price dynamics in stock markets.

Mizuno, T.; Takei, K.; Ohnishi, T.; Watanabe, T.

282

Taking Soft Power Seriously  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term soft power is entrenched in the theory and practice of American foreign policy, yet scholars have not yet developed, or empirically tested, a theory about the conditions under which governments can use soft power to their advantage—and that makes good policy hard to design. Drawing on research from the fields of communications, social psychology, and international relations theory,

Matthew Kroenig; Melissa McAdam; Steven Weber

2010-01-01

283

Soft Law As Delegation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines one of the most important trends in international legal governance since the end of the Cold War: the rise of “soft law,” or legally non-binding instruments that are given legal effect through domestic law or internationally binding agreements such as treaties. Scholars studying the design of international agreements have long puzzled over why states use soft law.

Timothy Meyer

2008-01-01

284

How to Tell Bad News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Therapists, physicians, police officers, and emergency staff often are the messengers of bad news. They have to tell a patient, a parent, or a loved one about a death, an accident, a school shooting, a life-threatening diagnosis, a terrorist attack, or a suicide. Usually the messenger bears a heavy responsibility but has little training and seeks…

Long, Nicholas J.

2012-01-01

285

Global Awareness through Video News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|At Tokai University (Japan), an English-as-a-Second-Language course in global issues through video uses the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's monthly video magazine "News in Review", published eight months a year for use in Canadian English-medium schools. Of the four segments in each magazine, usually two are about Canada or international…

MacDonald, Errol

286

The News International Newspapers’ intranet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1985, News International has maintained an in-house database which provides access to several daily and Sunday newspaper titles and has developed into a powerful research tool for librarians and journalists. A plan to provide a web-based front end to the Editorial Database led to the development of an Editorial Services Intranet which also makes available content produced by Reference

Gertrud Erbach; Lynda Iley

1999-01-01

287

How to break bad news  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breaking bad news is never easy. There is no right way to do it. However, it is a vitally important communication skill which we should be helping our juniors to learn. In the past, we have all tended to learn by experience and there has been little or no formal training in this important area. While there is no substitute

Amanda Billson; Jenny Tyrrell

2003-01-01

288

How to Tell Bad News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Therapists, physicians, police officers, and emergency staff often are the messengers of bad news. They have to tell a patient, a parent, or a loved one about a death, an accident, a school shooting, a life-threatening diagnosis, a terrorist attack, or a suicide. Usually the messenger bears a heavy responsibility but has little training and seeks…

Long, Nicholas J.

2012-01-01

289

BBC News: Italy's Earthquake History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This BBC News article lists the long line of earthquake history in Italy from the year 1693 to 1997. The article describes the intensity and also the damages caused by each earthquake. Images and links for further information are included as well.

2009-04-14

290

Science News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a review of important science news stories of 1990 as reported in the pages of this journal. Areas covered include anthropology, astronomy, behavior, biology, biomedicine, chemistry, computers and math, earth sciences, environment, food science, materials science, paleobiology, physics, science and society, and space sciences. (CW)

Science News, 1990

1990-01-01

291

Look at the News Media.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the paper is to discuss in some detail the news media's weakness and responsibilities: To determine a means whereby the media can make a profit, remain free from governmental control and still provide the American public with balanced, undi...

C. W. McKenzie

1973-01-01

292

The importance of news media in pharmaceutical risk communication: proceedings of a workshop.  

PubMed

In response to mass media's role in the national and global system of pharmaceutical risk communication, the Centers for Education and Research on Therapeutics (CERTs) convened a 'think tank' session on the 'Importance of Media in Pharmaceutical Risk Communication'. Prominent journalists and experts from the pharmaceutical industry, academia, medical practice and government were invited to consider the benefits and challenges of improving the way we communicate the benefits and risks of therapeutics via mass media, especially news media. Workshop discussions revealed a paucity of systematic research directed towards understanding how and why news media report on therapeutic risk, the impact of this coverage and how coverage can be improved. Consequently, participants produced a research agenda capturing the key aspects of the flow of information around this topic, including the meaning of risk, how news audiences process and use therapeutic risk information in the news, how and why news organizations report on therapeutic risk, and the role and impact of the pharmaceutical industry, government officials and academic researchers as sources of therapeutic risk information. The workshop ended with a discussion on action items addressing what news professionals, representatives of regulatory agencies and the medical products industry, and academic researchers can and should do to enable news media to effectively report therapeutic risk information. In sum, this proceedings report provides an outline for developing mass media risk communication research, influencing the practices of journalists and expert sources and ultimately, improving the quality of the public's life. PMID:15386695

Mebane, Felicia E

2005-05-01

293

Obesity Stigma in Online News: A Visual Content Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study conducted a content analysis to examine the types of images that accompany online news stories about obesity and to determine how obese people are portrayed in news photographs. Images were selected from news articles about obesity obtained from 5 major news Web sites, during a 2-week period in September of 2009. Images accompanying news stories about obesity (N = 549)

Chelsea A. Heuer; Kimberly J. McClure; Rebecca M. Puhl

2011-01-01

294

How to Write News for Broadcast and Print Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is a primer on the techniques of news writing and the application of those principles to print and broadcast journalism. Chapters include: "The News Media," which presents a brief history of journalism and the foundations on which it is based; "What Is News?"; "Gathering News," which discusses news beats, reporters' qualifications, and…

Dary, David

295

To Kill a Messenger; Television News and the Real World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|From his vantage point as News Director of CBS News in Washington, the author examines the role of television news in our society and gives an insider's view of the day-to-day process of selecting and presenting news. Highlighting the book are in-depth discussions of past and recent news events. The Nixon "Checkers" speech, John Kennedy's fight…

Small, William

296

Soft Landing of Complex Molecules on Surfaces *  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Soft and reactive landing of mass-selected ions onto surfaces has become a topic of substantial interest due to its promising potential for the highly controlled preparation of materials. For example, there are possible applications in the production of peptide and protein microarrays for use in high-throughput screening, protein separation and conformational enrichment of peptides, redox protein characterization, thin-film production, and the preparation of catalysts through deposition of clusters and organometallic complexes. Soft landing overcomes many of the limitations associated with conventional thin-film production techniques and offers unprecedented selectivity and specificity of preparation of deposited species. This review discusses the fundamental aspects of soft and reactive landing of mass-selected ions on surfaces that pertain to applications of these techniques in biomaterials, molecular electronics, catalysis, and interfacial chemistry.

Johnson, Grant E.; Hu, Qichi; Laskin, Julia

2011-07-01

297

Chem 13 News Digest  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an experiment, using a soap bubble raft, intended to provide insight into the orderly packing of spherical objects and the properties of metallic crystals. Also describes a solubility product experiment which uses barium hydroxide. (MLH)

Friesen, R. J., Ed.

1975-01-01

298

News: Process intensification  

EPA Science Inventory

Conservation of materials and energy is a major objective to the philosophy of sustainability. Where production processes can be intensified to assist these objectives, significant advances have been developed to assist conservation as well as cost. Process intensification (PI) h...

299

FDA News for Educators  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Text Version... Drugs are products used for diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease, and intended to affect the structure or any function of ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/food/resourcesforyou

300

Keep Spreading the News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students develop an understanding of the critical role communication plays in an engineer's life. Students create products to communicate their learning about the engineering role in the environment.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

301

News for Educators  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Text Version... is Important: For many consumers, using a variety of personal care products is ... In the days and weeks that followed the storm's devastation, many ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/food/newsevents

302

How television news programs use video news releases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Video news releases are an important public relations tactic, but use by television stations is difficult to evaluate. While electronic tracking exists, data are rarely shared or published. This study analyzed proprietary data regarding the use of 14 VNRs, which resulted in 4,245 airings across the U.S.Findings indicate all sizes of markets are likely to use VNRs, but smaller markets

Mark D. Harmon; Candace White

2001-01-01

303

Pediatric soft tissue sarcomas.  

PubMed

After a brief discussion of the rarity of soft tissue sarcomas in children and of the limited ability of magnetic resonance imaging to provide a tissue diagnosis, this article discusses the incidence, presentation, treatment, prognosis, and imaging characteristics of the more common and unusual pediatric soft tissue sarcomas. It begins with extensive discussion of rhabdomyosarcoma, synovial sarcoma, and congenital/infantile fibrosarcoma. It then presents a more abbreviated discussion of uncommon tumors such as alveolar soft part sarcoma, epithelioid sarcoma, extraosseous Ewing's sarcoma, granulocytic sarcoma, hemangiopericytoma, liposarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, and undifferentiated sarcoma. PMID:21963167

Stein-Wexler, Rebecca

2011-10-01

304

The Changing Landscape of Science News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social media are revolutionizing the ways that people communicate and the ways they get their news. Traditional news outlets are in decline, and no subject area is declining faster than science news. Every day there are fewer professional science journalists working in traditional media. On the other hand, ever greater numbers of scientists, science enthusiasts, and online journalists are turning to blogs, podcasts, eBooks, twitter feeds, and social media sites like Facebook and Tumbler to spread news about science. I will present an overview of the state of science journalism and speculate on the likely directions it seems to be heading. I will also offer some general guidelines to help scientists understand what makes a good science news story, as well as suggesting ways that they can get their work in the news.

Riordon, James

2011-03-01

305

News and Announcements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

News from Journal House Conceptual Questions and Challenge Problems Many readers are trying to modify the way they teach and in so doing are trying to write new types of questions and problems. The Journal has a new online resource, the JCE Internet Conceptual Questions and Challenge Problems Web site, http://jchemed.chem.wisc.edu/JCEWWW/Resources/CQandChP/index.html . The site is a source of questions and problems that can be used in teaching and assessing conceptual understanding and problem solving in chemistry. Here you can find a library of free-response and multiple-choice conceptual questions and challenge problems, tips for writing these questions and problems, and a discussion of types of concept questions. This site is intended to be a means of sharing conceptual questions and challenge problems among chemical educators. It will be as inclusive as possible, and to achieve this readers need to share their questions and alert the authors to references or Web sites. The screen captures shown below should provide a feeling for what you will find when you visit the site. The authors, William R. Robinson and Susan C. Nurrenbern, welcome additions to the library of conceptual questions or other comments or suggestions. Contact them by email, fax, or regular mail. William R. Robinson and Susan C. Nurrenbern, Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1393. Bill: phone: 765/494-5453; fax: 765/494-0239; email: wrrobin@purdue.edu. Sue: phone: 765/494-0823; fax: 765/494-0239; email: nurrenbe@purdue.edu. fax: 765/494-0239. 1998 Ford Foundation Fellowships The National Research Council has announced the recipients of the 1998 fellowships for minority scholars. Three categories of fellowships were awarded: 50 to beginning graduate students, 33 to students writing their dissertations, and 28 to recent Ph.D. recipients. There were about 1,000 applicants. For information about the next competition contact the Fellowship Office of the National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20418, via email at infofell@nas.edu, or at http://fellowships.nas.edu. 1998 Pre-Doctoral Fellows Rafael Alcala, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Chemical Engineering Diego J. Díaz, Cornell University, Analytical Chemistry Kanya Lynn Henderson, Colorado State University, Biochemistry Félix Mario Rivas, State University of New York, Buffalo, Organic Chemistry 1998 Dissertation Fellows Kristala Lanett Jones, Arizona State University, Chemical Engineering 1998 Postdoctoral Fellows Edgardo Tabión Farinas, Yale University, Interdisciplinary Chemistry Data Base of Online Courses TeleEducation NB, a province-wide distributed distance learning network in the Canadian province of New Brunswick, has implemented an international online course database of more than 9,000 courses. The database includes public and private courses at all levels from more than 15 countries and includes only those courses that can be completed fully online. Courses vary from graduate-level engineering offerings to simple "How to" courses. The database provides access to courses and programs leading to accredited degrees, diplomas, and certificates. Professional development and personal interest courses are also included. Students can access course information by browsing subject areas or by searching specific fields. Hotlinks connect students directly to the delivering institutions. In the past year, there has been an exponential rise in the number of courses being offered online, from fewer than 2,000 in January 1998 to more than 10,000 in December 1998. It is expected that there will be more than 40,000 online courses by the year 2000. The TeleCampus Online Course Database provides students with a means of finding information on courses that meet their needs. The database can be accessed from TeleCampus at http://telecampus.edu. Change in the Introductory Chemistry Course, an Online Course An online conference, Proposals for Change in the Introductory Chemistry Course, will take place from March 29 to April 10, 1999. The

1999-02-01

306

Soft and collinear functions for the standard model  

SciTech Connect

Radiative corrections to high-energy scattering processes were given previously in terms of universal soft and collinear functions. This paper gives the collinear functions for all standard model particles, the general form of the soft function, and explicit expressions for the soft functions for fermion-fermion scattering, longitudinal and transverse gauge boson production, single W/Z production, and associated Higgs production. An interesting subtlety in the use of the Goldstone boson equivalence theorem for longitudinal W{sup +} production is discussed.

Chiu Juiyu; Fuhrer, Andreas; Kelley, Randall; Manohar, Aneesh V. [Department of Physics, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States)

2010-01-01

307

32 CFR 516.53 - News media and other inquiries.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false News media and other inquiries. 516.53 Section 516...United States Has An Interest § 516.53 News media and other inquiries. News media inquiries regarding litigation or...

2013-07-01

308

16 CFR 1012.6 - The news media.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...inherently public nature of the news media allows their activities to be...meetings are held with the news media for the purpose of informing...any representative of the news media attempts to influence any Agency employee on a...

2009-01-01

309

16 CFR 1012.6 - The news media.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...inherently public nature of the news media allows their activities to be...meetings are held with the news media for the purpose of informing...any representative of the news media attempts to influence any Agency employee on a...

2010-01-01

310

14 CFR 1213.109 - News releases concerning international activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.109 News releases concerning international...Centers and Headquarters offices will report all visits proposed by representatives of foreign news media to the Public Affairs...

2009-01-01

311

14 CFR 1213.109 - News releases concerning international activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.109 News releases concerning international...Centers and Headquarters offices will report all visits proposed by representatives of foreign news media to the Public Affairs...

2013-01-01

312

14 CFR 1213.109 - News releases concerning international activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION RELEASE OF INFORMATION TO NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.109 News releases concerning international...Centers and Headquarters offices will report all visits proposed by representatives of foreign news media to the Public Affairs...

2010-01-01

313

31 CFR 515.573 - Transactions by news organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...gathering and dissemination of news to the general public. Transactions...establishment and operation of news bureaus in the United States by Cuban organizations...gathering and dissemination of news to the general public. (c)...

2013-07-01

314

Soft Tissue Injuries  

MedlinePLUS

... Soft Tissue Injuries Severed or Constricted Limbs or Digits Merck Manual > Patients & Caregivers > Injuries and Poisoning > First ... Previous: Wounds Next: Severed or Constricted Limbs or Digits Audio Figures Photographs Pronunciations Sidebar Tables Videos Copyright © ...

315

Slicing softly with shear.  

PubMed

A soft solid is more easily sliced using a combination of normal and shearing deformations rather than diced by squeezing down on it normally with the same knife. To explain why this is so, we experimentally probe the slicing and dicing of a soft agar gel with a wire, and complement this with theory and numerical simulations of cutting of a highly deformable solid. We find that purely normal deformations lead to global deformations of the soft solid, so that the blade has to penetrate deeply into the sample, well beyond the linear regime, to reach the relatively large critical stress to nucleate fracture. In contrast, a slicing motion leads to fracture nucleation with minimal deformation of the bulk and thus a much lower barrier. This transition between global and local deformations in soft solids as a function of the angle of shear explains the mechanics of the paper cut and design of guillotine blades. PMID:23368324

Reyssat, E; Tallinen, T; Le Merrer, M; Mahadevan, L

2012-12-10

316

Multigait soft robot.  

PubMed

This manuscript describes a unique class of locomotive robot: A soft robot, composed exclusively of soft materials (elastomeric polymers), which is inspired by animals (e.g., squid, starfish, worms) that do not have hard internal skeletons. Soft lithography was used to fabricate a pneumatically actuated robot capable of sophisticated locomotion (e.g., fluid movement of limbs and multiple gaits). This robot is quadrupedal; it uses no sensors, only five actuators, and a simple pneumatic valving system that operates at low pressures (< 10 psi). A combination of crawling and undulation gaits allowed this robot to navigate a difficult obstacle. This demonstration illustrates an advantage of soft robotics: They are systems in which simple types of actuation produce complex motion. PMID:22123978

Shepherd, Robert F; Ilievski, Filip; Choi, Wonjae; Morin, Stephen A; Stokes, Adam A; Mazzeo, Aaron D; Chen, Xin; Wang, Michael; Whitesides, George M

2011-11-28

317

Multigait soft robot  

PubMed Central

This manuscript describes a unique class of locomotive robot: A soft robot, composed exclusively of soft materials (elastomeric polymers), which is inspired by animals (e.g., squid, starfish, worms) that do not have hard internal skeletons. Soft lithography was used to fabricate a pneumatically actuated robot capable of sophisticated locomotion (e.g., fluid movement of limbs and multiple gaits). This robot is quadrupedal; it uses no sensors, only five actuators, and a simple pneumatic valving system that operates at low pressures (< 10 psi). A combination of crawling and undulation gaits allowed this robot to navigate a difficult obstacle. This demonstration illustrates an advantage of soft robotics: They are systems in which simple types of actuation produce complex motion.

Shepherd, Robert F.; Ilievski, Filip; Choi, Wonjae; Morin, Stephen A.; Stokes, Adam A.; Mazzeo, Aaron D.; Chen, Xin; Wang, Michael; Whitesides, George M.

2011-01-01

318

CambridgeSoft  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CambridgeSoft provides a variety for software for chemical structure drawing and visualization, including the popular ChemDraw and Chem3D programs. Chem3D Ultra includes computational chemistry capability.

319

A Test of Rivaling Approaches to Explain News Effects: News on Issue Positions of Parties, Real-World Developments, Support and Criticism, and Success and Failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different ''paradigmatic'' approaches to explain news effects on voting may supplement each other, because their starting points are based on different news types in political campaign news: news on issue positions of parties, news on real-world developments, news on support or criticism for parties, and news on success and failure of parties. Daily content analysis data and a weekly multiwave

Jan Kleinnijenhuis; Anita M. J. van Hoof; Dirk Oegema; Jan A. de Ridder

2007-01-01

320

Exploring the Antecedents and Effects of Brand Images for Television News: An Application of Brand Personality Construct in a Multichannel News Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adopting the construct of “brand personality,” this article examines the news brands of Cable News Network, Fox News Channel, MSNBC, CBS news, NBC news, and ABC news; investigates the factors influencing their brand images; and assesses the consequences of these brand perceptions. Using the news brand personality dimensions of competence, timeliness, and dynamism, it was found that antecedents such as

Sylvia M. Chan-Olmsted; Jiyoung Cha

2008-01-01

321

Hypoelastic soft tissues  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Part I, a novel hypoelastic framework for soft tissues was presented. One of the hallmarks of this new theory is that the\\u000a well-known exponential behavior of soft tissues arises consistently and spontaneously from the integration of a rate based\\u000a formulation. In Part II, we examine the application of this framework to the problems of biaxial kinematics, which are common

Alan D. Freed; Daniel R. Einstein; Michael S. Sacks

2010-01-01

322

Thematic Indicators Derived from World News Reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a A method for deriving statistical indicators from the Europe Media Monitor (EMM) is described. EMM monitors world news in\\u000a real time from the Internet and various News Agencies. The new method measures the intensity of news reporting for any country\\u000a concerning a particular theme. Two normalised indicators are defined for each theme (j) and for each country (c). The first

Clive Best; Erik Van Der Goot; Monica De Paola

2005-01-01

323

Health Content in Local Television News  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local television news is an important source of health information for the public. Yet little is known about coverage of health issues on local television newscasts. This study examined 1,863 news stories that aired on 4 English-language channels and 1 Spanish channel in 7 U.S. markets during a composite week in 2000. About 10% of news stories focused on health

Zheng Wang; Walter Gantz

2007-01-01

324

Astronomy and the News Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The criteria used in selecting astronomical papers for press conferences and press releases are reviewed in the context of\\u000a what the news media expect and require. The press activities developed over the past 15 years for the semiannual national\\u000a meetings of the American Astronomical Society, including press conferences, media seminars, and photo opportunities, which\\u000a are planned on the basis of

Stephen P. Maran; Lynn R. Cominsky; Laurence A. Marschall

325

NEWS AND INFORMATION: Depleted uranium  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential health effects arising from exposure to depleted uranium have been much in the news of late. Naturally occurring uranium contains the radioisotopes 238U (which dominates, at a current molar proportion of 99.3%), 235U and a small amount of 234U. Depleted uranium has an isotopic concentration of 235U that is below the 0.7% found naturally. This is either because

Richard Wakeford

2001-01-01

326

BBC News: Mathematicians Crochet Chaos  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article from BBC News discusses how two mathematicians made a crochet model of chaos. The mathematicians, whose research focuses on developing a computer model to describe complex surfaces, were able to represent the Lorenz equations using 25,511 crochet stitches. The pattern was published in the journal Mathematics Intelligencer and the mathematicians are challenging others to repeat the effort. The model stretches almost a meter across and was used as a Christmas decoration.

327

Science@NASA: Headline News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site features news articles and features that highlight research from NASA's current space missions. The home page provides links to current headline stories and recent stories on space science, astronomy, living in space, Earth science, physical and biological sciences, and advances in technology. The stories are available as podcasts, which can be downloaded or played from the web site, and as illustrated transcripts (text). There is also an archive of stories dating back to 1996.

328

The Returns on Human Capital: Good News on Wall Street is Bad News on Main Street  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use a standard single-agent model to conduct a simple consumption growth accounting exercise. Consumption growth is driven by news about current and expected future returns on the market portfolio. We impute the residual of consumption growth innovations that cannot be attributed to either news about financial asset returns or future labor income growth to news about expected future returns

Hanno Lustig; Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh

2008-01-01

329

Migrant News Seekers: News media use and evaluation by Moroccan and Turkish adolescents in Flanders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article empirically examines the use and evaluation of television news by young 'news seekers' of Moroccan and Turkish origin. The main research questions are: Do 'migrant' adolescents, between 18 and 28 years, consult the Flemish television news? And, if so, how do they evaluate these broadcastings? By means of in-depth interviewing we tried, in this qualitative study, to gain

Noël Clycq

330

Do network news agencies play their dominant strategies? Empirical evidence from lead news stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Do network news agencies (ABC, CBS, and NBC) play their dominant strategies in selecting the lead news story (cover story) for nightly newscasts? The present paper seeks an answer to this question by employing elementary game-theory analysis and simple logit\\/ordered logit regression models to examine the choice the network agencies make in selecting a nightly lead news story. While economic

Steven Caudill; Franklin Mixon

1998-01-01

331

TV News – The Daily Horror?: Emotional Effects of Violent Television News  

Microsoft Academic Search

In two studies we examined the influence of violent television news on viewers’ emotional experiences and facial expressions. In doing so, we considered formal and content aspects of news reports as well as viewers’ gratifications as independent variables. Analyses showed that violence in TV news elicits primarily negative emotions depending on the type of portrayed violence. Effects of presentation mode

Dagmar Unz; Frank Schwab; Peter Winterhoff-Spurk

2008-01-01

332

Healthy Depictions? Depicting Adoption and Adoption News Events on Broadcast News  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given that the public uses the media to learn about adoption as a family form, this study analyzes U.S. television news coverage of adoption between 2001 and 2005 (N = 309 stories), to identify the types of news events covered about adoption. A majority of news stories covered fraud, crime, legal disputes, and negative international adoption cases. Adoptees as defective or unhealthy

Susan L. Kline; Karishma Chatterjee; Amanda I. Karel

2009-01-01

333

Local News Coverage in a Social Capital Capital: Election 2000 on Minnesota's Local News Stations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines local news coverage of an election in one of the nation's “social capital capitals,” Minnesota. In Minnesota, according to theorized connections between civic involvement and news media use, we might expect the orientation of local news to be local and the quality of coverage of local campaigns to be high. Content analysis of all evening newscasts on

Daniel Stevens; Dean Alger; Barbara Allen; John L. Sullivan

2006-01-01

334

Interest in News and Politics—or Situational Determinants? Why People Watch the News  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared and integrated the influence of motivational and situational determinants on news viewing behavior. Individual people-meter data allowed the unobtrusive study of news viewing situations. The finding is that the viewing context is much more important than motivations. However, interest in the news and politics can reinforce or reverse situational influences. For interested viewers, watching more TV in

Anke Wonneberger; Klaus Schoenbach; Lex van Meurs

2011-01-01

335

Extraction and Visualisation of Emotions from News Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

News is commonly intended to be delivered in an objective, unbiased manner and therefore presented plainly and formally, even though its content often affects readers emotionally. The NewsViz system aims to enhance the news reading experience by integrating 30 seconds long Flash-animations into news article web pages depicting their content and emotional aspects. NewsViz interprets football news texts automatically and

Eva Hanser; Paul Mc Kevitt

336

33 CFR 165.504 - Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company Shipyard, James River, Newport News, Va.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...northernmost property line of the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co...southernmost property line of the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co. at...northernmost property line of the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company...

2013-07-01

337

Deciding Who's News: A Content Analysis of Disaster, National and International News in Two Elite Newspapers from 1885 through 1989.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study analyses the relationship between international news references and disaster news references in the New York Times and the Los Angeles Times. The American media receive frequent criticism for inadequate coverage of news from other nations. Both...

C. L. Sito

1990-01-01

338

Soft Tissue Augmentation in Dermatology - 2009 Update  

PubMed Central

The number of products available to dermatologists for soft tissue augmentation has grown significantly over the past several years in the US. This manuscript will review the various hyaluronic acid fillers and other Food and Drug Administration -approved products we are utilizing for our patients in the rejuvenation process. It is hoped that through this article clinicians will feel more comfortable using these products in their everyday practice of dermatology.

Gold, Michael H

2010-01-01

339

Our News and their NewsThe Role of National Identity in the Coverage of Foreign News  

Microsoft Academic Search

The theoretical assumption of this paper is that when a foreign news item is defined as ‘ours’, then journalists’ professional practices become subordinate to national loyalty; when an item is ‘theirs’, journalistic professionalism comes into its own. Thus, the article argues that there is an inverse relation between professional news values and the national identity of the journalist and the

Hillel Nossek

2004-01-01

340

UQ News Online: News Releases Found: HyShot  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

HyShot is a program of the University of Queensland in Australia. Its purpose "is to achieve the world's first flight test of air-breathing supersonic ramjet engines." This technology could dramatically reduce the cost of space launches of small payloads. Several recent developments of the HyShot program are documented on this site, including a news story about a successful test launch on July 30, 2002, that achieved supersonic combustion. A photo gallery and a few videos show some highlights of the project, and another video gives an overview of the experiment.

1999-01-01

341

Mediating subpolitics in US and UK science news.  

PubMed

The development of therapeutic cloning research sparked a scientific controversy pitting patients' hopes for cures against religious and anti-abortion opposition. The present study investigates this controversy by examining the production and content of Anglo-American print media coverage of the branch of embryonic stem cell research known as "therapeutic cloning." Data collection included press articles about therapeutic cloning (n = 5,185) and qualitative interviews with journalists (n = 18). Patient activists and anti-abortion groups emerged as key news sources in this coverage. Significant qualitative differences in the mediation of these subpolitical groups and their arguments for and against therapeutic cloning are identified. Results suggest that the perceived human interest news value of narratives of patient suffering may give patient advocacy groups a privileged position in journalistic coverage. Finally, Ulrich Beck's theoretical arguments about subpolitics are critically applied to the results to elicit further insights. PMID:22530488

Jensen, Eric

2012-01-01

342

Sweetness flavour interactions in soft drinks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sucrose can be substituted by intense sweeteners to lower the calorie content of soft drinks. Although the sweetness is kept at the same level as much as possible, the flavour of the product often changes. This change could be due to both the mechanism of sensory perception and interactive effects of the aroma compounds. Several types of interaction and some

Denise F Nahon; Jacques P Roozen; Cees De Graaf

1996-01-01

343

A Reconsideration of Bias in the News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses three conceptual problems--point of view, unit of bias, and behavioral response--with using content analysis to study news bias. The paper shows that the point of view of the content analyst is not appropriate if one wants to see how news consumers define and react to bias, that the unit of bias should be the specific…

Stevenson, Robert L.; Greene, Mark T.

344

Mass News: Practices, Controversies, and Alternatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This selection of readings, primarily intended for a college journalism course, discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the major sources of the public news--the wire services, newspapers, and television. The first part of the book deals with the context of mass news and serves as an introduction to some of the crucial ideas shaping thinking…

Leroy, David J., Ed.; Sterling, Christopher H., Ed.

345

News blogs: strengthening democracy through conflict prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to offer greater insight in the role of blogs in the creation of a more transparent news media system and a more democratic political reality. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Framing theory is employed as a conceptual tool to re-interpret existing evidence of the performance of news blogs during situations of political conflict and war.

Maria Touri

2009-01-01

346

An Effective Algorithm of News Topic Tracking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Topic tracking is to track trend of news topic, which people are interested in. It is a very pragmatic method in information retrieval. Compared with keywords retrieval, topic tracking excels in dynamic tracking based on text model and its content understanding, so it is mostly involved in text expressing and semantic understanding. LS-SVM, as a new method for news topic

Xianfei Zhang; Zhigang Guo; Bicheng Li

2009-01-01

347

Computational Methods for Analyzing Health News Coverage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers that investigate the media's coverage of health have historically relied on keyword searches to retrieve relevant health news coverage, and manual content analysis methods to categorize and score health news text. These methods are problematic. Manual content analysis methods are labor intensive, time consuming, and inherently…

McFarlane, Delano J.

2011-01-01

348

Newspaper Reader Interest in Business News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine if interest in business and financial news could be predicted from factors other than demographic variables. It was hypothesized that the type and number of personal financial investments the reader had would predict interest in business and financial news. In a telephone survey, 376 adults in a large,…

Schweitzer, John C.; Saathoff, Roger C.

349

Developing a News Media Literacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using a framework previously applied to other areas of media literacy, this study developed and assessed a measurement scale focused specifically on critical news media literacy. Our scale appears to successfully measure news media literacy as we have conceptualized it based on previous research, demonstrated through assessments of content,…

Ashley, Seth; Maksl, Adam; Craft, Stephanie

2013-01-01

350

Social Movements and the News Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the paradoxical relationship that exists between social movements and the news media. The concept of framing is explored, particularly the ways in which social movements come to be contextually framed within the news media and the consequent impact on the social movement itself. In order to gain an understanding of the relationship between social movements and the

Katherine Phipps; Katryna Szagala

2007-01-01

351

Teaching students to break bad news  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Physicians typically learn to communicate bad news to patients through trial and error or observation of more senior physicians. To give medical students initial instruction and experience in this area, we developed two standardized patient instructor (SPI) experiences in “breaking bad news.”Methods: Twenty-one junior medical students had an SPI experience discussing a new diagnosis of rectal cancer or pregancy

Lisa Colletti; Larry Gruppen; Mel Barclay; David Stern

2001-01-01

352

Library Media Specialists: Doing the News!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses Newspapers in Education (NIE) Week and how it can relate to school library media specialists. Highlights include the convergence of news media, including news on the Web; ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) resources, including lesson plans; relevant books; Web sites; and Web journalism. (LRW)|

Barron, Daniel D.

2003-01-01

353

Automatic construction of personalized TV news programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we study the automatic construction of personalized TV News programs, where we want to build a program with predefined duration and maximum content value for a specific user. We combine video indexing techniques to parse TV News recordings into stories, and information filtering techniques to select stories which are most adequate given the user profile. We formalize

Bernard Mérialdo; Kyung Tak Lee; Dario Luparello; Jeremie Roudaire

1999-01-01

354

Join the Registrar News List - SEER Registrars  

Cancer.gov

Sign up to receive e-mail announcements pertinent to NCI SEER, other standard setters, and cancer registries. Subscribers will receive news about registrar resources available on the SEER web site including updates to manuals and software, as well as announcements about upcoming workshops, reliability studies, and news from partner organizations of general interest to the registrar community.

355

College Students, News Use, and Trust  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young Americans report lower levels of political knowledge, news consumption, public trust, and civic behavior than their forebears. Concerned with what these patterns hold for the future of democratic governance, this study attempts to learn more about the news sources that college students use and the ones that they trust. Results from a survey of 213 18- to 24-year-old college

Sharon E. Jarvis; Natalie Jomini Stroud; Austin A. Gilliland

2009-01-01

356

Power Prose: The Syntax of Presidential News  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared news coverage of Presidents Carter and Reagan at times of crisis. Using content analysis to examine stories sampled from the New York Times and Washington Post, this study found news stories became more wordy in crisis times. For Carter this was when Iran captured hostages in November 1979, and for Reagan it was the revelation of arms

Katherine C. McAdams

1990-01-01

357

Science News and the Science Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using "Science News" as a teaching tool promotes writing about science, talking about science, and broadening students' views about what science is. This article describes an ongoing assignment in which students choose one article from "Science News" each week and write a brief summary and explanation of why they picked that article. (Contains 1…

McCullough, Laura

2006-01-01

358

Breaking News Detection and Tracking in Twitter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twitter has been used as one of the communication channels for spreading breaking news. We propose a method to collect, group, rank and track breaking news in Twitter. Since short length messages make similarity comparison difficult, we boost scores on proper nouns to improve the grouping results. Each group is ranked based on popularity and reliability factors. Current detection method

Swit Phuvipadawat; Tsuyoshi Murata

2010-01-01

359

Visual materials on local television news programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

When sight was added to sound, the problems of presenting the news of the day multiplied, as did the cost of such coverage. Nevertheless, few news directors are satisfied with the strict “man?on?camera” approach; they prefer to use the additional information channel for a certain amount of visual augmentation of the audio channel's content. Beacuse television stations in a given

Gale R. Adkins; Peter Haggart

1963-01-01

360

The Telegraph and the News Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes an episode in the history of journalism that reveals a continuing tension in news reporting. Dating from the invention of the telegraph in the late nineteenth century, news reports have been increasingly patterned after either a "scientific" or a "literary" model. The scientific report is based on irreducible facts,…

Carey, James W.; Sims, Norman

361

The news media and psychological distress  

Microsoft Academic Search

The twentieth century has been marked by advances in communications technology as well as mounting psychological distress. This study explored the premise that exposure to negative news via the media contributes to anxiety and depression. Levels of news media exposure, stress levels, irrational beliefs, optimism-pessimism, anxiety, and depression were assessed (n=239) and analyzed using multiple regression techniques. Negative stress was

Mary E. McNaughton-cassill

2001-01-01

362

Helping the news media cover family planning.  

PubMed

To make informed choices about family planning, women and men need accurate information in the media as well as in the clinic. The media are looking for news important to the millions of people they reach each day. Thus helping the news media cover family planning fully and accurately merits the efforts of every family planning program. PMID:8706967

Robey, B; Stauffer, P

1995-11-01

363

Program Management Collection. "LINCS" Resource Collection News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This edition of "'LINCS' Resource Collection News" features the Program Management Collection, which covers the topics of Assessment, Learning Disabilities, and Program Improvement. Each month Collections News features one of the three "LINCS" (Literacy Information and Communication System) Resource Collections--Basic Skills, Program Management,…

Literacy Information and Communication System, 2011

2011-01-01

364

Kids, Crime, and Local Television News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vast majority of crime reporting occurs on local television news and in newspapers. Although crimes are extraordinary events, they assume an ordinariness that only daily reporting can give them. The obvious question is what does the news tell us about crime. This article compares the coverage of adult crime and the coverage of what the author…

Yanich, Danilo

2005-01-01

365

Representations of Minorities in Utah's Local News  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of Utah's primary local news sources was conducted to discover if and how people of color are represented. The results were also manipulated to discover if the exclusion of classically stereotypical news categories would significantly alter representation. Findings reveal that Utah's largest ethnic group is primarily ignored while other ethnic groups often but not always fall into stereotypical

Sarah Janel Jackson

366

Kids, Crime, and Local Television News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The vast majority of crime reporting occurs on local television news and in newspapers. Although crimes are extraordinary events, they assume an ordinariness that only daily reporting can give them. The obvious question is what does the news tell us about crime. This article compares the coverage of adult crime and the coverage of what the author…

Yanich, Danilo

2005-01-01

367

Concerns about crime and local television news  

Microsoft Academic Search

“If it bleeds it leads.”; The crime story is the most popular topic for the typical local television news broadcast, comprising at least 28% of the stories covered. The present hypothesis predicts that greater amounts of local television news viewing will be associated with greater support for policies that punish criminals as opposed to support for policies that address social

Todd C. Trautman

2004-01-01

368

NEWS: Design and creativity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Delcam, a manufacturing software developer, has supplied substantial funding towards a UK Government initiative intended to revolutionize the study of design and technology in schools. The computer-aided design software for schools (CAD-CAM) programme will give students a bridge into industry by enabling them to employ video links with engineers at companies such as British Aerospace and Rolls Royce. They will then be able to convert their virtual reality designs into a finished product. When the revised National Curriculum comes into effect this year, CAD-CAM will become compulsory from Key Stage 3, reflecting the greater focus on work-related learning, as well as the added importance being given to Information and Communications Technology (ICT) within the curriculum. Under the new scheme, schools can use a range of software designed in the UK (currently used for such items as jet aircraft and Formula One racing cars), which is being made available free of charge. The Design and Technology Association is monitoring the programme and the schools taking part have had to propose targets, focused on curriculum innovation, pupil outcomes and staff development. Still on the theme of design is the `Young Foresight' project launched in January and inviting 13 to 14 year-olds to tackle the challenges of the future through designing a new product for the world of 2020. The aim here is to encourage creativity, enterprise and innovation among young people by giving them an idea of what is involved in the design and development of a successful product. The students will be supported by mentors drawn from the local business community and there will be related BBC schools television programmes early in March with classroom resources, teacher training and an interactive website. The first phase of the initiative, based on 100 schools from across England and Wales, should be completed by autumn 2000, with phase 2 for 3000 schools over a three-year period incorporating a further nine programmes reflecting the work of the national Foresight Panels. The national Foresight programme is about preparing for the future by identifying market drivers, threats and opportunities and using that knowledge to inform the decisions that need to be taken today. Details can be viewed at www.foresight.gov.uk And for those with any remaining untapped ingenuity, the deadline is fast approaching for this year's `Young Engineer for Britain' competition. Young people, either individually or in teams of up to four, are invited to demonstrate their engineering skills in an event with a total prize value of over £65 000. The individual winner takes away a personal prize of £2500 plus a trophy, and their school receives an additional £2500 for engineering teaching equipment. Entry details can be obtained from Young Engineers for Britain, Engineering Council, 10 Maltravers Street, London WC2R 3ER and the closing date is 28 April 2000 .

2000-03-01

369

Neonatal soft tissue sarcomas.  

PubMed

Soft tissue tumors in very young children pose diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Vascular tumors are the most prevalent soft tissue neoplasms in the neonatal period. They are generally benign tumors, but may exhibit aggressive behaviour and cause life-threatening complications. Fibroblastic tumors of intermediate prognosis, more prevalent in very young children (especially infantile fibrosarcoma), are locally aggressive. Since metastases are unusual in this group of tumors, complete surgical resection is generally curative. However, these tumors often present a therapeutic challenge because of the location which makes complete surgical resection difficult. Among the malignant soft tissue tumors, rhabdomyosarcoma is most frequent. It is an aggressive high-grade tumor, with local invasiveness and a propensity to metastasize. These tumors respond to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Neonates with rhabdomyosarcoma seem to have a worse prognosis than in older age groups. This may be a result of inappropriate dosing of chemotherapeutic agents and decreased use of radiation therapy among other factors. PMID:22633289

Ferrari, Andrea; Orbach, Daniel; Sultan, Iyad; Casanova, Michela; Bisogno, Gianni

2012-05-25

370

A soft coral natural product, 11-episinulariolide acetate, inhibits gene expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and interleukin-8 through attenuation of calcium signaling.  

PubMed

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed in many types of cancer cells. EGFR-mediated signaling involves inflammatory gene expression including cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and interleukin (IL)-8, and is associated with cancer pathogenesis. In a search of phytochemicals with anti-inflammatory activity, the COX-2 and IL-8 inhibitory activities of some marine compounds were examined. After screening these compounds 11-episinulariolide acetate (1) from soft coral exhibited the most potent activity. Reverse-transcription PCR; western blotting; ELISA and luciferase assays were used to test the effect of compound 1 on EGF-stimulated expressions of COX-2 and IL-8 in A431 human epidermoid carcinoma cells. After exposure to 10 ?M of compound 1, expression levels of COX-2 and IL-8 were reduced. In addition; intracellular Ca²? increase and Ca²?-dependent transcription factor activation were blocked by compound 1. Thus, compound 1 can potentially serve as a lead compound for targeting Ca²? signaling-dependent inflammatory diseases. PMID:23774942

Hsu, Wen-Li; Chiu, Siou-Jin; Tsai, Yao-Ting; Chang, Che-Mai; Wang, Jaw-Yan; Wang, Eric Terry; Hou, Ming-Feng; Huang, Chiung-Yao; Sheu, Jyh-Horng; Chang, Wei-Chiao

2013-06-17

371

[News in peritoneal dialysis].  

PubMed

Peritoneal dialysis, like hemodialysis, is a first-line therapy for patients with end-stage renal disease. Progress in medical devices and materials has reduced infectious complications such as peritonitis and catheter exit-site infections and thus decreased morbidity. Peritoneal dialysis fluids are increasingly biocompatible, result in fewer glucose degradation products, protect the peritoneal membrane better and thus improve tolerance. The maintenance of residual renal function, together with better comfort and no pain, help control the fluid and sodium balance. Automated peritoneal dialysis can be performed each night, either autonomously or assisted by a visiting nurse twice a day (to prepare, connect, and disconnect the machine). This treatment can thus be provided to most patients, regardless of their age. Peritoneal dialysis is indicated principally for young people waiting for a kidney transplantation (to preserve their vascular network), elderly patients who wish to remain either at home or in an institution, and patients with cardiac insufficiency, because of the better hemodynamic tolerance. Numerous obstacles, mainly nonmedical, still impede the development of peritoneal dialysis. Patients seen in emergencies start hemodialysis without necessarily receiving any information about peritoneal dialysis. Indeed, neither physicians nor patients receive adequate information. PMID:17656064

Ryckelynck, Jean-Philippe; Lobbedez, Thierry; Ficheux, Maxence; Bonnamy, Cécile; El Haggan, Waël; Henri, Patrick; Chatelet, Valérie; Levaltier, Béatrice; Hurault de Ligny, Bruno

2007-07-25

372

Influences on the Mexican American Youth Gang Discourse on Local Television News  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the production of the Mexican American youth gang story for local television news from a Gramscian perspective. It argues that the production of these stories is the result of a social process and therefore is socially constructed within a context in which power is used to influence the discourse about Mexican American youth gangs. Such discourse is

Raúl Tovares

2000-01-01

373

NOVA: Science in the News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Australian Academy of Science produces this useful information resource on current scientific news in Australia. NOVA covers a wide range of topics, including soil salinity (how technology is being used to monitor the extent of dryland salinity "threatening large areas of Australia's agricultural zone"), wind power, osteoporosis, the Southern Ocean and global climate, and Fuelling the 21st century, among many others. Each article provides general and in-depth information, including a hyperlinked summary, glossary, and suggested readings. A list of useful sites rounds out each topic.

Payne, Laura X.

374

The maximum hardness principle implies the hard/soft acid/base rule  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A recent paper [P. W. Ayers, J. Chem. Phys122, 141102 (2005)] considered the hard/soft acid/base exchange reaction, showing that the products associated with the hard/soft acid/base rule (in which the hard acid and hard base are bound, as are the soft acid and soft base) have lower energy than the alternative (in which the hard acid and soft base would have been bound and similarly the soft acid and hard base). Here we show that the maximum hardness principle also predicts this result. Unlike the previous derivation, we do not need to make any assumptions about the relative strength of the acids and bases.

Chattaraj, Pratim K.; Ayers, Paul W.

2005-08-01

375

Physical properties of soft repulsive particle fluids.  

PubMed

Molecular dynamics computer simulation has been applied to inverse power or soft-sphere fluids, in which the particles interact through the soft-sphere pair potential, phi(r) = epsilon(sigma/r)(n), where n measures the steepness or stiffness of the potential, and epsilon and sigma are a characteristic energy and distance, respectively. The focus of the study is on very soft particles with n values down to 4 considered, at densities up to and along the fluid-solid co-existence density. It is shown that in the soft-particle limit the local structure is dominated by the lengthscale associated with the average nearest neighbour distance of a random structure, which is proportional, variantrho(-1/3) and increasingly only very weakly dependent on n. This scaling is also manifest in the behaviour of the average energy per particle with density. The self-diffusion coefficient and shear viscosity are computed along the fluid-solid co-existence line as a function of n, for the first time. The product Deta(s) steadily increases with softness for n < 10, whereas the modified Stokes-Einstein relationship of Zwanzig, Deta(s)/rho(1/3), where rho is the number density, is within statistics constant over the same softness range. This is consistent with our observation that the static properties are determined by a characteristic lengthscale (i.e., l) which is proportional, variantrho(-1/3) in the soft-particle limit. The high frequency elastic moduli of these fluids are examined, which reveals that the mechanical properties become more 'rubbery' as the particles get softer. PMID:17957313

Heyes, D M; Bra?ka, A C

2007-08-29

376

Perceptions and use of news media by college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

College students' use of and attitudes toward traditional and nontraditional news media were examined. Also investigated were the role of the Cable News Network and the integration of CNN into evolving news consumption patterns. Significant differences by year in college were identified, with later college years associated with heavier news consumption. CNN viewers were found to differ significantly from non?CNN

Lucy L. Henke

1985-01-01

377

Engagement with News Content in Online Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports indicate that as the Internet is displacing traditional news sources, younger users continue to be disconnected from the news. Fortunately, the Internet provides new ways of sharing and discussing news stories with others through social networking sites such as Facebook, which may be important for engaging users in the news they read…

Oeldorf-Hirsch, Anne

2011-01-01

378

Multi-Perspective Linking of News Articles within a Repository  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the number of online sources for news, the vo- lumes of news generated are so daunting that gaining insight from these collections become impossible without some aid to link them. Semantic linking of news articles facilitates grouping of similar or rele- vant news stories together for ease of human con- sumption. For example, a political analyst may like to

Arpit Khurdiya; Lipika Dey; Nidhi Raj; Mirajul Haque

379

Uses and Values for News on Cable Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses cable television subscribers' perceptions and consumption patterns of television news and describes a survey that compared broadcast and cable television news viewing habits. Media dependency and media consumption are considered, attitudes toward news sources and the perceived monetary value of the Cable News Network (CNN) are studied,…

Baldwin, Thomas F.; And Others

1992-01-01

380

News and Announcements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New Source of Information from Advertisers The Journal has a new feature effective with the June 1999 issue. If you would like additional information about our advertisers or their products, the quickest and easiest way to get it is via JCE Online: go to http://jchemed.chem.wisc.edu click on Ad Index This will take you to the list of advertisers, each conveniently linked to their home page. When you do contact our advertisers, be sure to tell them that you saw their ad in the Journal of Chemical Education. This is important to them, and to us. JCE Software Receives Award The Journal recently received notice that JCE Software portion of JCE Online has been selected as a Links2Go Key Resource for the topic of chemistry software. According to Links2Go (www.links2go.com), JCE Software's home page is one of the top fifty most accessed online resources in the area of chemistry software (currently ranked 45). Thanks to all of you who have visited JCE Online and the JCE Software area to make this possible. If you haven't visited the site yet, you can go there directly (http://jchemed.chem.wisc.edu/JCESoft/index.html ) as well as via our JCE Online home page. You will be greeted with a short video of nitrogen triiodide exploding and be able to get a wealth of information about our latest releases, software, CD-ROMs/Video, student resources, materials for authors and software developers. You can see color graphics from our CD-ROMs, video, and software,... Actually, if you are familiar with our Catalog, this is much better. 1999 Welch Chemistry Prize Richard N. Zare, the Marguerite Blake Wilbur Professor of Natural Science at Stanford University, has been named the 1999 recipient of the Welch Award in Chemistry for his lifetime achievements in physical and analytical chemistry. Zare's interests focus on the development and application of lasers and other novel instruments to explore chemical frontiers, ranging from molecules to chemical processes, from the inside of cells to the inside of meteorites. Zare and colleague Andrew Alexander are contributors to the Journal's Viewpoints series, sponsored by the Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation: "Anatomy of Elementary Chemical Reactions", JCE, 1998, 75, 1105. The Welch Award in Chemistry has been given by the Welch Foundation since 1972 to honor lifetime achievements in the field. Zare will be honored and presented with a $300,000 prize and gold medallion during the Foundation's annual award banquet held in Houston in October. NEACT Conference: Chemistry of Materials and Material Science The 61st Summer Conference of NEACT, the New England Association of Chemistry Teachers, will be held from Monday, August 9, through Thursday, August 12, at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, MA. The four-day conference will feature an exploration of the chemistry of materials and material science and effective methods of presenting these in the classroom and laboratory. The keynote address is "Teaching Solid State Chemistry at MIT" by Ron Latanision of MIT's Department of Material Science. Other presentations include "Driving Force", James Livingston; "The Colorful Nanoworld", Moungi Bawendi; "Molecular Wire-Based Amplification in Chemical Sensors", Timothy Swager; "Putting Solids in the Foundation", Arthur Ellis, George Lisensky, and Karen Nordell; "Miracle Materials", Valerie Wilcox; "Teaching About Polymers to Chemistry Students", Richard Stein; and "Using Software in Teaching About Polymers to Chemistry Students", William Vining. There will be a selection of workshops on the conference theme as well. The conference is open to all. The program chairperson is Peter J. Nassiff, Science Department Chairperson at Burlington High School. For further information contact Nassiff at 80 Gregory Road, Framingham, MA 01701; email: pnassiff@massed.net. Call for Symposia, Papers, & Workshops: 16th BCCE The Web site for the 16th Biennial Conference on Chemical Education, July 30-August 3, 2000, at the Un

1999-07-01

381

Technology Scaling Trends and Accelerated Testing for Soft Errors in Commercial Silicon Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. We consider the soft error sensitivity trends to various memory and logic components as they are scaled to smaller dimensions, higher integration densities, and lower operating voltages. We also review the three radiation mechanisms responsible for soft errors in the terrestrial environment and discuss the methods for characterizing radiation sensitivity and methods for extrapolating product soft

Robert Baumann

2003-01-01

382

Soft Tissue Techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expertise in facial plastic and reconstructive surgery requires knowledge and skills of basic soft tissue surgery. The face, with its excellent blood supply, variety of relaxed skin tension lines, and numerous anatomic boundary markers, offers great flexibil- ity and challenge for rewarding cosmetic and reconstructive pro- cedures. Superb results can only be obtained if certain rudimen- tary principles are practiced.

Ted A. Cook; Robert A. Guida

383

Imprecise Soft Constraint Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We define interval-valued soft constraints, where users can associate an interval of preference values, rather than a single value, to each instantiation of the variables of the constraints. This allows us to model a form of un- certainty and imprecision that is often found in real-life problems. We then define several notions of optimal so- lutions for such problems, providing

M. Gelain; M. S. Pini; F. Rossi; K. Venable; N. Wilson

384

Softly Constrained CP Nets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract We present a novel approach to deal with preferences expressed as a mixture of hard constraints, soft constraints, and CP nets We construct a set of hard constraints whose solutions are the optimal solutions of the set of pref - erences This allows us to avoid dominance testing (is one outcome better than another?) which is a very expensive

Kristen Brent Venable

2004-01-01

385

Necrotizing soft tissue infections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Necrotizing soft tissue infections are a group of highly lethal infections that typically occur after trauma or surgery. Many individual infectious entities have been described, but they all have similar pathophysiologies, clinical features, and treatment approaches. The essentials of successful treatment include early diagnosis, aggressive surgical debridement, antibiotics, and supportive intensive treatment unit care. The two commonest pitfalls in management

John D Urschel

1999-01-01

386

Soft Tissue Sarcoma  

MedlinePLUS

... have been exposed to certain chemicals, had radiation therapy or have certain genetic diseases. To diagnose soft tissue sarcomas, doctors must remove and look at a piece of the tumor under a microscope. Treatments include ... chemotherapy or a combination. NIH: National Cancer Institute

387

Soft rock pillars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soft rock pillars can be designed by several methods available in the mining literature. All of these methods include the effect of shape, or geometry, on the average strength of specimens and pillars. All of the pillar design methods include some measurement of the strength of specimens of the pillar rock. The most common rock specimen strength property measured is

J. F. Abel

1988-01-01

388

Soft Condensed Matter  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author states in the preface of the book that the aim is '...to give a unified overview of the various aspects of the physics of soft condensed matter'. The book succeeds in fulfilling this aim in many respects.i) The style is fluent and concise and gives the necessary explanations to make its content understandable to people with some knowledge

Richard A L Jones

2002-01-01

389

Nanobiotechnology: soft lithography.  

PubMed

An entirely new scientific and technological area has been born from the combination of nanotechnology and biology: nanobiotechnology. Such a field is primed especially by the strong potential synergy enabled by the integration of technologies, protocols, and investigation methods, since, while biomolecules represent functional nanosystems interesting for nanotechnology, micro- and nano-devices can be very useful instruments for studying biological materials. In particular, the research of new approaches for manipulating matter and fabricating structures with micrometre- and sub-micrometre resolution has determined the development of soft lithography, a new set of non-photolithographic patterning techniques applied to the realization of selective proteins and cells attachment, microfluidic circuits for protein and DNA chips, and 3D scaffolds for tissue engineering. Today, soft lithographies have become an asset of nanobiotechnology. This Chapter examines the biological applications of various soft lithographic techniques, with particular attention to the main general features of soft lithography and of materials commonly employed with these methods. We present approaches particularly suitable for biological materials, such as microcontact printing (muCP) and microfluidic lithography, and some key micro- and nanobiotechnology applications, such as the patterning of protein and DNA microarrays and the realization of microfluidic-based analytical devices. PMID:19198785

Mele, Elisa; Pisignano, Dario

2009-01-01

390

Soft-bottom Shores  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Natural history information on some of the organisms found on soft-bottoms mainly in the coasts of Washington. Good pictures and highlights on common invertebrates and plants species, with scientific names provided. Special emphasis on evolutionary adaptations of feeding and other interesting physiological issues. Information on sampling devices also included.

391

Soft X-ray Imaging  

SciTech Connect

The contents of this report cover the following: (1) design of the soft x-ray telescope; (2) fabrication and characterization of the soft x-ray telescope; and (3) experimental implementation at the OMEGA laser facility.

Seely, John

1999-05-20

392

Breaking Good and Bad News: Direction of the MUM Effect and Senders’ Cognitive Representations of News Valence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The MUM effect refers to the robust research finding that people are more hesitant to share bad news relative to good news. An experiment utilized a false feedback test design to determine whether the MUM effect stems from a reluctance to share bad news, an eagerness to share good news, or both. Participants (N = 114) shared good, neutral, or

Jayson L. Dibble; Timothy R. Levine

2010-01-01

393

News-seekers and Avoiders: Exploring Patterns of Total News Consumption Across Media and the Relationship to Civic Participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines patterns of news consumption across multiple media platforms and relates them to civic participation. Analyzing a national sample of close to 25,000 respondents, nearly half the adult population in America is classified as news “Avoiders,” and the other half as “News-seekers.” Testing the relationship between civic participation and news consumption for each of 6 media platforms individually,

Thomas B. Ksiazek; Edward C. Malthouse; James G. Webster

2010-01-01

394

A Brave New World for International News? Exploring the Determinants of the Coverage of Foreign News on US Websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\/ This study content analyzed international news published on two of the most visited websites in the US, cnn.com and www.nytimes.com. The influences of trade, existence of news agencies, national traits and cultural and geographic proximity on these two news websites were examined. The international news from the online version was analyzed and compared with the print and broadcast versions.

H. Denis Wu

2007-01-01

395

Healthy depictions? Depicting adoption and adoption news events on broadcast news.  

PubMed

Given that the public uses the media to learn about adoption as a family form, this study analyzes U.S. television news coverage of adoption between 2001 and 2005 (N = 309 stories), to identify the types of news events covered about adoption. A majority of news stories covered fraud, crime, legal disputes, and negative international adoption cases. Adoptees as defective or unhealthy were depicted more in negative news event stories, birth parents appeared less overall, and adoptive parents were most likely to have healthy depictions in positively oriented adoption experience, big family, and reunion stories. Although three quarters of the stories used primary adoption participants as news sources, one-third of the negative event stories did not contain healthy depictions of adoption participants. The authors discuss ways journalists and researchers might improve adoption news coverage. PMID:19180371

Kline, Susan L; Chatterjee, Karishma; Karel, Amanda I

396

Vague soft expert set theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The concept of fuzzy soft expert set theory and its operations were reviewed. The concept of vague soft expert set theory is introduced. Its operations such as equal, subset, complement, union and intersection are defined. Illustrative examples of vague soft expert set are then given.

Hassan, Nasruddin; Alhazaymeh, Khaleed

2013-04-01

397

Stress measurements in soft rocks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to demonstrate that accurate and reliable in situ stress measurements can be performed in soft rocks. A quick overview of the mechanical behaviour of soft rocks is presented. After reviewing stress measurement techniques that have been used in soft rocks, the modified doorstopper technique is presented and the advantages it has over other techniques

Robert Corthésy; Maria Helena Leite; Denis E Gill; Bernard Gaudin

2003-01-01

398

Soft Computing and Fuzzy Logic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses soft computing, a collection of methodologies that aim to exploit the tolerance for imprecision and uncertainty to achieve tractability, robustness, and low solution cost. Its principal constituents are fuzzy logic, neurocomputing, and probabilistic reasoning. Soft computing is likely to play an increasingly important role in many application areas, including software engineering. The role model for soft computing is the

Lotfi A. Zadeh

1994-01-01

399

NewsHour Extra: Addressing Health Mysteries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this PBS NewsHour Extra lesson plan, students take an in-depth look at the SARS epidemic, with a particular focus on pan-national public health administration. A NewsHour interview with Dr. David Heyman, Director for Communicable Diseases at the World Health Organization (WHO), forms the basis of the exercise (video, audio, and transcript available). A NewsHour Extra story on SARS provides additional material. The site also offers ideas for homework and extension activities, each designed to help students explore and understand the process by which organizations like WHO tackle new disease outbreaks.

Dufour, Joanne.

400

ABC News: Video and Audio Newsclips  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ABC News has added a section of video and audio newsclips to its news service at the GO Network, InfoSeek Corporation's Internet portal. Users can see and listen to national headline news, such as a clip from Warren Beatty's speech at an awards dinner Wednesday night (sounding rather presidential). They can also search for additional video files using Videosearch, by Virage. Beatty as a search term turned up a clip about the Clinton family's summer vacation on Martha's Vineyard that included a mention of Beatty's presidential aspirations and opinions on the Democratic Party, but no additional pictures of Beatty.

401

“People Killing People on the News”: Young Children's Descriptions of Frightening Television News Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigated children's fear responses to everyday exposure to the news in the absence of a recent crisis or major event. From March to May 2006, a survey was conducted of 218 kindergarten through 6th-grade children regarding their fright reactions to the news. Results showed that 35.3% of children reported being frightened by the news. Reporting on what frightened

Karyn Riddle; Joanne Cantor; Sahara Byrne; Emily Moyer-Gusé

2012-01-01

402

A Retrieval Method of Comparative News using Contents Structure Order for News Archives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Video and text-news content have recently been broadcast on TV, newspapers, and the Internet. Although video content on out-ofdate news is of little value for viewing, it can be considered to have value by comparing it to related content. Repeated news should especially be compared, e.g., the Olympic games and international expositions. In that case, the more understanding might be

Daisuke KITAYAMA; Kazutoshi SUMIYA

2007-01-01

403

From Hard to Soft News Standards?How Political Journalists in Different Media Systems Evaluate the Shifting Quality of News  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent surveys of American journalists highlight a growing uneasiness regarding professional roles and quality standards. Similar concerns are also reflected in the data of a recent survey of leading Austrian political journalists. To find out whether the quality standards actually changed and how American journalists as well as—from a comparative perspective—Austrian political journalists evaluate the quality development of journalism, explorative

Fritz Plasser

2005-01-01

404

t anti-t production cross section measurement using soft electron tagging in p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV  

SciTech Connect

We measure the production cross section of t{bar t} events in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. The data was collected by the CDF experiment in Run 2 of the Tevatron accelerator at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory between 2002 and 2007. 1.7 fb{sup -1} of data was recorded during this time period. We reconstruct t{bar t} events in the lepton+jets channel, whereby one W boson - resulting from the decay of the top quark pairs - decays leptonically and the other hadronically. The dominant background to this process is the production of W bosons in association with multiple jets. To distinguish t{bar t} from background, we identify soft electrons from the semileptonic decay of heavy flavor jets produced in t{bar t} events. We measure a cross section of {sigma}{sub p{bar p}} = 7.8 {+-} 2.4(stat) {+-} 1.6(syst) {+-} 0.5(lumi).

Chou, John Paul; /Harvard U.

2008-09-01

405

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Einstein Year: Argentina remembers Einstein’s visit Health and Beauty: The sweet smell of fragrant molecules Austria: Physics and society top the bill Canada: Innovative teaching strategies pave the way for modern physics Publications: New online journal lets young scientists speak for themselves Forthcoming Events

2006-07-01

406

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

11-14 Curriculum: Supporting Physics Teaching (11-14) Europe: Sci-tech couldn't be without it! Art-Science: Makrolab in Mountain Year Digital Curriculum: Should the BBC learn from the past? Scotland: Teachers get Rocket Science Malaysia: Controversy over the language medium for science teaching UK Science: Next stage of Science Year announced Special Educational Needs: Science for special needs students Folk Physics: Good vibrations Environment: IoM3 - a move towards sustainability? UK Primary Science: The threat of afternoon science

2002-09-01

407

News  

PubMed Central

Chickenpox cases in the US drop by 80% Novel immunotherapy for breast, ovarian and prostate cancer successfully completes Phase 1 Important progress for Inovio’s universal influenza vaccine Vaccine against ricin exposure successful in phase 1B BCG could help reverse Type 1 Diabetes HPV vaccine: effective, when given early First vaccine for visceral leishmaniasis starts human testing CDC prepares vaccine for new swine flu strain

Riedmann, Eva M.

2012-01-01

408

News  

PubMed Central

Proof of efficacy shown for Sanofi Pasteur’s dengue vaccine Multi-peptide therapeutic Renal Cell Carcinoma vaccine shows clinical benefit Poor sleep can reduce effectiveness of vaccines  Innovative grass pollen allergy vaccine positive in phase 2 GSK’s shingles vaccine starts phase 3 in immunocompromised patients Overweight? There may be vaccine for that Vaccination records available online US females often do not complete HPV vaccination regimens 

Riedmann, Eva M.

2012-01-01

409

News.  

PubMed

Recent advances in the development of immunotherapeutic mAbs for cancer  New vaccine reduces malaria infection by 72% Bavarian Nordic's cancer immunotherapy shows promise in colorectal cancer Chinese HFMD vaccine shows high efficacy  in Phase 3 Two-dose regimen of Merck's Gardasil looks effective Accelerating influenza vaccine development using synthetic biology  A key role for gut microbes in vaccination  Understanding of and attitudes towards vaccines: a study in teenagers. PMID:23863285

Riedmann, Eva M

2013-07-01

410

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Resources: First Faulkes Telescope on its way! Events: Everything under the Sun - GIREP 2002 Experiments: The most beautiful experiment, your favourite demonstration Science year: Planet Science takes off Resources: New CD packages Lecture: Fantastic Plastic Summer workshop: The Wright Stuff Resources: Amazing Space 14-16 curriculum: 21st century science ASE conference: ASE 2003 South Africa: Sasol SciFest Earth sciences: JESEI: the answer to all your Earthly problems

2002-11-01

411

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Schools lecture: Institute of Physics roadshow is a lecture series with a difference Rugby Meeting: 17th Annual Meeting for Teachers of Physics boasts an impressive schedule Courses: Year-12 pupils go to Open University Camera Competition: Enter now to win a new camera! Conference: Teachers invited to CERN in September New Zealand: Royal Society of New Zealand tackles fear of physics Bulgaria: Fairies, witches and extraterrestrials: how to teach science using theatre Schools lecture: Institute seeks speaker for its annual lecture series Competition: Critical thinking is encouraged by global warming competition Scotland: Two good reasons to visit Scotland this summer Competition: Test your knowledge Free Event: June IOP conference Conference: Also in Liverpool…

2005-05-01

412

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radioactivity: Olympic Games: dirty and decaying? Awards: SciCast rewards the best in scientific short films Conference: Teachers conference is big in Boston Workshop: Experts and teachers mingle in Mexico Awards: Olympiad holds lavish ceremony Cinema: Indiana Jones has a skull full of physics Conference: ESERA announces Turkish delight for 2009 Forthcoming Events

2008-07-01

413

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Croatia: Rijeka’s 2005 science festival attracts an enthusiastic crowd The Middle East: METSMaC conference reaches out to teachers around the Gulf and beyond Spain: Física en Acción 5: a Spanish festival that will have you cycling the tightrope Czech Republic: Astronomy lessons for everyone Sussex Planetarium: Planetarium sets its sights high TV series: Einstein gets animated for C4 cartoon series Memorial: Honouring the great: memorial to Robert Hooke is unveiled at Westminster Abbey Awards: SHAP awards prizes for exceptional student work Group meeting: IOP’s Education Group to meet in September Forthcoming Events

2005-07-01

414

An elementary derivation of the hard/soft-acid/base principle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The hard/soft-acid/base (HSAB) principle indicates that hard acids prefer binding to hard bases (often forming bonds with substantial ionic character) while soft acids prefer binding to soft bases (often forming bonds with substantial covalent character). Though the HSAB principle is a foundational concept of the modern theory of acids and bases, the theoretical underpinnings of the HSAB principle remain murky. This paper examines the exchange reaction, wherein two molecules, one the product of reacting a hard acid and a soft base and the other the product of reacting a soft acid with a hard base, exchange substituents to form the preferred hard-hard and soft-soft product. A simple derivation shows that this reaction is exothermic, proving the validity of the HSAB principle. The analysis leads to the simple and conceptually appealing conclusion that the HSAB principle is a driven by simple electron transfer effects.

Ayers, Paul W.

2005-04-01

415

IBM Research News: Millipede Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On June 11, 2002, researchers at IBM "demonstrated a data storage density of a trillion bits per square inch -- 20 times higher than the densest magnetic storage available today." The project, called Millipede, uses a technique analogous to punch cards to store data, as opposed to traditional methods of magnetic storage. Although it will not likely be used in commercial applications in the near future, the implications of this achievement in nanotechnology are great. This news release gives a brief summary of the findings of the team. A much more detailed technical paper is given via a link on the page, as are several images and animations that show different portions of the Millipede chip.

2002-01-01

416

Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anaerobic soft tissue infections are still life-threatening infections. Even if uncommon nowadays, they remain severe conditions\\u000a because often associated with major systemic effects leading to patient death if not promptly recognized and aggressively\\u000a treated. Their origins are often traumatic or surgical but they can also develop from an ulcer or a small wound in patients\\u000a at risk (i.e. diabetics, patients

Daniel Mathieu; Raphaël Favory; Jean-François Cesari; Francis Wattel

417

Necrotizing soft tissue infections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Necrotizing soft tissue infections are characterized by necrosis of skin and associated structures. Despite advances in the\\u000a diagnosis and treatment of these infections, the mortality remains high. There have been increasing reports of necrotizing\\u000a fasciitis caused by group A Streptococcus over the past decade. Recent information supports the role of superantigens in the pathogenesis of this infection. The approach\\u000a to

Thomas M. File

2003-01-01

418

Soft Magnetic Materials for Improved Energy Performance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A main focus of sustainable energy research has been development of renewable energy technologies (e.g. from wind, solar, hydro, geothermal, etc.) to decrease our dependence on non-renewable energy resources (e.g. fossil fuels). By focusing on renewable energy sources now, we hope to provide enough energy resources for future generations. In parallel with this focus, it is essential to develop technologies that improve the efficiency of energy production, distribution, and consumption, to get the most from these renewable resources. Soft magnetic materials play a central role in power generation, conditioning, and conversion technologies and therefore promoting improvements in the efficiency of these materials is essential for our future energy needs. The losses generated by the magnetic core materials by hysteretic, acoustic, and/or eddy currents have a great impact on efficiency. A survey of soft magnetic materials for energy applications will be discussed with a focus on improvement in performance using novel soft magnetic materials designed for these power applications. A group of premiere soft magnetic materials -- nanocrystalline soft magnetic alloys -- will be highlighted for their potential in addressing energy efficiency. These materials are made up of nanocrystalline magnetic transition metal-rich grains embedded within an intergranular amorphous matrix, obtained by partial devitrification of melt-spun amorphous ribbons. The nanoscale grain size results in a desirable combination of large saturation induction, low coercivity, and moderate resistivity unobtainable in conventional soft magnetic alloys. The random distribution of these fine grains causes a reduction in the net magnetocrystalline anisotropy, contributing to the excellent magnetic properties. Recently developed (Fe,Co,Ni)88Zr7B4Cu1 alloys will be discussed with a focus on the microstructure/magnetic property relationship and their effects on the energy efficiency of these materials for AC applications.

Willard, Matthew

2012-02-01

419

Soft-collinear gravity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study collinear and soft singularities in perturbative quantum gravity by constructing an effective field theory similar to soft-collinear effective theory for QCD (SCET). We find that the soft sector exhibits factorization properties similar to those of SCET. The collinear sector is, however, quite different. While the leading-power collinear effective Lagrangian is trivial, the presence of the metric field h ++ with negative scaling dimension allows for collinear divergences in loop diagrams with couplings to non-collinear sources. We provide a compact proof of the well-known fact that there are no collinear singularities in perturbative quantum gravity by demonstrating the decoupling of h ++ from the sources. We briefly discuss the connection of our approach to recent work by Akhoury et al. (Phys. Rev. D84 (2011) 104040) as well as to the Weinberg's original paper (Phys. Rev. 140 (1965) B516), where the cancellation of the collinear singularities was demonstrated for the first time in the eikonal approximation.

Beneke, Martin; Kirilin, Grisha

2012-09-01

420

Student Produced TV News: A Status Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Surveyed broadcasting departments to determine the kinds of on-air training they provide students. Found that 68 (or 48 percent) of the responding institutions broadcast or cablecast a student-run television news program. (PD)|

Craig, J. Robert; Misiewicz, Joe

1986-01-01

421

Benefits and Pitfalls: Producing TV News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the live television news show produced by students and faculty at Northern Illinois University with the aim of helping others avoid some difficulties and frustrations when setting up a similar show in their journalism curriculum. (TO)|

Watters, Laura

1974-01-01

422

Alternative Fuel News, Volume 4, Number 3  

SciTech Connect

This issue of Alternative Fuel News focuses on transit buses and refuse haulers. Many transit agencies and waste management companies are investigating alternatives to traditional diesel buses and refuse haulers.

Ficker, C.

2000-11-14

423

VOA: VOA News in 53 Languages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Voice of America (VOA) began broadcasting in 1942, with the expressed object of providing accurate, objective, and reliable news to people in closed or war-torn societies. VOA has continued to evolve through the postwar, Cold War, and now post-Cold War eras, and presently produces and broadcasts over 900 hours of news and information programs each week in 53 languages to a worldwide audience of 91 million. In addition to shortwave, AM, and FM radio and satellite television, VOA news is available online at the VOANews site. Here visitors will find the top international stories as well as the lead stories in seven regions of the world. Correspondent reports and feature stories by topic are also available. In addition, the site links to live news Webcasts and information pages for the myriad VOA language services.

424

Drug Shortages: Additional News and Information  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Shortages S - Z; Drug Shortages: Additional News and Information; Resolved Drug Shortages; Drugs to be Discontinued; How to Report a Shortage ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/drugshortages

425

Military-News Media Relationship: Thinking Forward.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The author examines those news media issues which will most affect commanders as they execute their assigned missions. He makes no pretense at providing a template for conducting successful media relations; however, he does identify various planning facto...

C. W. Ricks

1993-01-01

426

Radio's "March of Time": Dramatized News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the early history of news reporting via radio and the influences of such newscasts as "March of Time" (which station WLW started in 1928) on the broadcast industry of the 1930s and 1940s. (RB)|

Lichty, Lawrence W.; Bohn, Thomas W.

1974-01-01

427

News about Women on the A Wire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reveals that 16 percent of stories carried on the United Press International A wire (which carries stories of national interest) were about women, and of these, 89 percent were hard news stories. (FL)

Luebke, Barbara F.

1985-01-01

428

Monitoring the News: A TDT Demonstration System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We describe a demonstration system built upon Topic Detection and Tracking (TDT) technology. The demonstration system monitors a stream of news stories, organizes them into clusters that represent topics, presents the clusters to a user, and visually desc...

A. Leuski D. Frey R. Gupta V. Khandelwal V. Lavrenko

2001-01-01

429

THE NEWS MEDIA AS POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

? Abstract Political science has tended,to neglect the study of the news,media as political institutions, despite a long history of party-subsidized newspapers and despite a growing,chorus of scholars who,point to an increasing “mediatization” of politics. Still, investigators in sociology, communication, and political science have taken up the close study of news,institutions. Three general approaches,predominate. Political economy,perspectives focus on patterns of

Michael Schudson

2002-01-01

430

NEWS AND DOLLAR EXCHANGE RATE DINAMICS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to describe a news-based multivariate GARCH estimation and simulation of the DM-$ and Yen-$ exchange rates jointly with two financial variables strictly connected with their dynamics, i.e. long term yields and the Dow Jones Index. A twice daily frequency (Japanese-European and American time zones) empirical approach and a new class of unscheduled news variables

Tivegna Massimo

2000-01-01

431

Topic Chains for Understanding a News Corpus  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The Web is a great resource and archive of news articles for the world. We present a framework, based on probabilistic topic\\u000a modeling, for uncovering the meaningful structure and trends of important topics and issues hidden within the news archives\\u000a on the Web. Central in the framework is a topic chain, a temporal organization of similar topics. We experimented with

Dongwoo Kim; Alice H. Oh

2011-01-01

432

Breaking bad news: the patient's viewpoint.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to ascertain how patients judge the acceptability of physicians' communication of bad news. Two hundred forty-five adults, who had in the past received bad medical news, indicated the acceptability of physicians' conduct in 48 vignettes of giving bad news to patients. Vignettes were all combinations of five factors: level of bad news (infection with hepatitis C, cirrhosis of the liver, or liver cancer); request or not to the patient to come with spouse or partner; attempt or not by the physician to find out the patient's expectations about the test results; presence or absence of emotional supportiveness; and provision or not of complete and understandable information. In addition, nine physicians rated the same vignettes. Quality of information and emotional supportiveness explained more than 95% of the variance in patients' acceptability judgments, while the degree of badness of the news had no impact. In addition, for patients, low emotional supportiveness could not be fully compensated by high quality of information, nor the inverse. Physicians, in contrast, responded as if such compensations were possible. Physicians must appreciate that patients expect high levels of both empathy and information quality, no matter how bad the news. PMID:21598151

Munoz Sastre, Maria Teresa; Sorum, Paul Clay; Mullet, Etienne

2011-05-23

433

'BREAKS' Protocol for Breaking Bad News  

PubMed Central

Information that drastically alters the life world of the patient is termed as bad news. Conveying bad news is a skilled communication, and not at all easy. The amount of truth to be disclosed is subjective. A properly structured and well-orchestrated communication has a positive therapeutic effect. This is a process of negotiation between patient and physician, but physicians often find it difficult due to many reasons. They feel incompetent and are afraid of unleashing a negative reaction from the patient or their relatives. The physician is reminded of his or her own vulnerability to terminal illness, and find themselves powerless over emotional distress. Lack of sufficient training in breaking bad news is a handicap to most physicians and health care workers. Adherence to the principles of client-centered counseling is helpful in attaining this skill. Fundamental insight of the patient is exploited and the bad news is delivered in a structured manner, because the patient is the one who knows what is hurting him most and he is the one who knows how to move forward. Six-step SPIKES protocol is widely used for breaking bad news. In this paper, we put forward another six-step protocol, the BREAKS protocol as a systematic and easy communication strategy for breaking bad news. Development of competence in dealing with difficult situations has positive therapeutic outcome and is a professionally satisfying one.

Narayanan, Vijayakumar; Bista, Bibek; Koshy, Cheriyan

2010-01-01

434

Breaking bad news and personality assessment.  

PubMed

Breaking bad news to seriously ill patients is an especially difficult and important part of patient education and counseling. Guidelines for breaking bad news have been previously presented, but this is the first report to address the personality of the patient in deciding how to break had news. A case study of a patient diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is presented. A psychiatric consultation assisted in assessing the patient's personality and thus preparing the medical staff for breaking the bad news to him. The patient was assessed as having an obsessive-compulsive personality, and consequently the staff was instructed to concentrate on facts and not on feelings when breaking the bad news to him. The patient coped adaptively with this procedure, as did the staff. This case report illustrates that personality assessment may be of benefit in breaking bad news to seriously ill patients. It remains to be seen whether this procedure can be successfully generalized to other patients and settings as well as to other domains of patient education and counseling, and if so--whether this will also prove to be cost-effective. PMID:12024541

Rudnick, A; Ezra, Y; Melamed, E

2000-09-01

435

News from the biological stain commission no. 14.  

PubMed

In the 14(th) issue of News from the Biological Stain Commission (BSC) the BSC's International Affairs Committee presents information from the meetings of ISO/TC 212/WG 3, In vitro diagnostic products, and from the final plenary meeting of ISO/TC 212, Clinical laboratory testing and in vitro diagnostic test systems, held on 17-19 October 2011 in Las Vegas, NV. Information is also presented from the 26th meeting of CEN/TC 140, In vitro diagnostic medical devices, held on 5 December 2011 in Berlin, Germany. PMID:23461718

Lyon, Hans O

2013-03-05

436

Nucleation-Mode Localization in Hard-Soft Nanocomposites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aligned hard-soft nanocomposites continue to be an active research area in permanent magnetism, challenged by demanding processing requirements but also encouraged by experimental proofs of principle. The approach was initially outlined by Kneller and Hawig (1991), who advocated hard-soft multilayers. Skomski and Coey (1993) considered three-dimensional nanostructures, such as soft spheres in a hard matrix, and predicted an upper energy-product limit of about 1000 kJ/m^3. It is well-established that the dimensions of the soft regions cannot be larger than twice the domain-wall width of the hard phase, but otherwise it was believed that geometry has a rather secondary effect. However, our recent research reveals substantial differences. Soft-in-hard geometries are better than hard-in-soft geometries and embedded soft spheres are better than multilayers. This is in close analogy to the dimensionality-dependent quantum-mechanical delocalization of electrons in an inhomogeneous potential and to the behavior of impurity states in the band gaps of solids. Transparent analytical nucleation-field solutions are found for some geometries and in the limit of very small soft inclusion as a function of the hard-phase coercivity and hysteresis-loop shape.

Skomski, Ralph; Balasubramanian, Balamurugan; Das, Bhaskar; Sellmyer, D. J.

2013-03-01

437

Misfortunes, memories and sunsetsNon-professional images in Dutch news media  

Microsoft Academic Search

• In the professional news media, invitations to submit photos and video material are the most common means of allowing citizens to participate in the content production, as opposed to merely commenting on professional material. Based on interviews with leading journalists in different media in the Netherlands, this study examines how professional journalists respond to the phenomenon of amateur photography,

Mervi Pantti; Piet Bakker

2009-01-01

438

Misfortunes, memories and sunsets: non-professional images in Dutch news media  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the professional news media, invitations to submit photos and video material are the most common means of allowing citizens to participate in the content production, as opposed to merely commenting on professional material. Based on interviews with leading journalists in different media in the Netherlands, this study examines how professional journalists respond to the phenomenon of amateur photography, how

M. Pantti; P. Bakker

2009-01-01

439

A Telling Symbiosis in the Discourse of Hatred: Multimodal News Texts About the "Children Overboard" Affair.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses analytical challenges of multimodal texts as they contribute to production of racial anxiety about asylum seekers. Building on a recent article that discussed the lexical manifestations of increasing racial hatred towards refugees, focuses on the children overboard affair in Australian news. (Author/VWL)|

Macken-Horarik, Mary

2003-01-01

440

Structural and Social Forces Restricting Media News Content in Democracies: A Critical Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This essay offers a critical perspective of the news product generated,by US media. It is argued that social and structural conditions dictating content are similar to those affecting media artifacts of authoritarianpolitical regimes. Media are seen under both political conditions to be tools of elite interests preoccupied with ideological control of social, political, and economic environments. The contention is

Gregg A. Payne

441

Modern racism and the images of blacks in local television news  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessing the role of television in mediating cultural change, this paper hypothesizes that local television news simultaneously depresses the legitimacy of old?fashioned racism (beliefs that blacks are inferior and should be segregated) and stimulates the production of modern racism (anti?black affect combined with resentment at the continuing claims of blacks on white resources and sympathies). The effects are not intentional;

Robert M. Entman

1990-01-01

442

A Cross-National Study of Computer News Sites: Global News, Local Sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet is not only an object of and a tool for study; it is also both simultaneously global and local. In order to address how global and how local it is, this study compares the news content of 1 week from four different computer news web sites in four different countries (using four different languages). These sites use the

Nathaniel D. Poor

2007-01-01

443

The International Network Structure of News Media: An Analysis of Hyperlinks Usage in News Web sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study takes a network approach to examining international communication. Building upon the world system theory and the preferential attachment network theorem, the structure of the international network created by news media is examined. The use of external hyperlinks in 6,298 foreign sries in 20 languages from 223 news Web sites in 73 countries was examined. Findings revealed that information

Itai Himelboim

2010-01-01

444

The News Media's Influence on Criminal Justice Policy: How Market-Driven News Promotes Punitiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article argues that commercial pressures are determining the news media's contemporary treatment of crime and violence, and that the resulting coverage has played a major role in reshaping public opinion, and ultimately, criminal justice policy. The news media are not mirrors, simply reflecting events in society. Rather, media content is shaped by economic and marketing considerations that frequently override

Sara Sun Beale

2006-01-01

445

The News Media’s Influence on Criminal Justice Policy: How Market Driven News Promotes Punitiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article argues that commercial pressures are determining the news media's contemporary treatment of crime and violence, and that the resulting coverage has played a major role in reshaping public opinion, and ultimately, criminal justice policy. The news media are not mirrors, simply reflecting events in society. Rather, media content is shaped by economic and marketing considerations that frequently override

Sara Sun Beale

2006-01-01

446

Trivializing the News? Affective Context Effects of Commercials on the Perception of Television News  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined whether affect induced by television commercials influences the perception of news programming. An experiment showed that viewers in positive moods generated by television commercials perceive news stories viewed both after and before watching the commercials as more entertaining, relaxing, realistic, and more credible than viewers exposed to neutral commercials do. Of interest, viewers in positive mood, as

Werner Wirth; Christian Schemer; Jörg Matthes

2010-01-01

447

Increased Persuasion Knowledge of Video News Releases: Audience Beliefs About News and Support for Source Disclosure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Video news releases (VNRs) have been criticized when they are used within a newscast without source disclosure because they violate ethical codes related to transparency and consumers' “right to be informed” by whom they are being persuaded. In an experiment, we show how increased persuasion knowledge about VNRs is positively related to beliefs in news commercialization, beliefs in VNR inappropriateness

Michelle R. Nelson; Michelle L. M. Wood; Hye-Jin Paek

2009-01-01

448

News Archives: One-Stop Shopping, Boutique Hopping and the Specialty News Search Site.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines options for the researcher who wants to narrow canvassing of Web accessible material to just news-related articles. Discusses scout pages, meta-search pages, and news-only searches from World Wide Web search sites, then notes the benefits and problems for each. (AEF)|

Paul, Nora

1998-01-01

449

Children's and Adults' Recall of Television and Print News in Children's and Adult News Formats  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experiments comparing television and print news have shown that children learn most from television, whereas adults learn most from print. An experiment was conducted in which both 96 children (5th and 6th graders) and 96 adults (university students) were presented with a sequence of five news stories, either in their original televised form or in a printed version. Half of

JULIETTE H. WALMA VAN DER MOLEN

2000-01-01

450

Cancer in the News: Religious Themes in News Stories about People with Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prevalence of religious themes in 258 news stories of 382 people with cancer is reported in a study of the anglophone press. Such themes are rare, even in news reports from the USA, where other indicators suggest a high level of religiosity in the population. For the 35 people where religious themes are present, religion is portrayed as a

Clive Seale

2001-01-01

451

What's the News? A Study of Senior Citizens' Television News Uses and Gratifications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inspired by the expansion of television news programming and growth in the number of US citizens living well beyond the age of 65, this study qualitatively explores what uses and gratifications seniors living in and around Tallahassee, Florida, get from television news. A review of uses and gratifications and popular literature leads to the exploration of three research questions. The

Jonathan Jordan Lloyd

2004-01-01

452

Reader Interest in Business, Sports and Foreign News. ANPA News Research Report No. 28.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Each of the three studies in this report explores in some detail a category of news that traditionally has been regarded as monolithic--business, sports, and foreign news. Highlights of the three studies are as follows: (1) A public opinion poll showed that people were more interested in stories about local business and industry than in national…

Brown, Jane E.; And Others

453

Is Online News an Inferior Good? Examining the Economic Nature of Online News among Users  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. newspaper industry is transitioning from print to online, but users' response to online news has fallen short of expectations and thus raised questions about the economic viability of the new medium. This study explores the economic concept of “inferior goods” and its applicability to online news consumption. Analysis of Pew Research Center survey data shows that as income

Hsiang Iris Chyi; Mengchieh Jacie Yang

2009-01-01

454

The Causes of Youths' Low News Consumption and Strategies for Making Youths Happy News Consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the uses and gratifications theory and the Delphi technique, this study did an in-depth investigation among 28 college and high school students on youths' rationales behind their news consumption behavior. The study concludes that, in years to come, the news industry needs to realize a true convergence online by providing to the younger generation an experience of consuming

Edgar Huang

2009-01-01

455

News Magazine and Network Television News Coverage of the Munich Olympic Crisis, 1972.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A content analysis of news coverage pertaining to terrorism associated with the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich, Germany. The study examines coverage in The Economist, Newsweek, Time and U.S. News & World Report; and T.V. coverage by ABC, CBS, and NBC. The t...

E. Clements

1989-01-01

456

The international news about governability: A comparison of the New York Times and six news wires  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the international news coverage of governability offered by several news sources. Governability is defined as actual or potential challenges to the domestic political order or stability of a nation, manifested by oppositional violence, leadership crises or institutional change. The New York Times, AP, UPI, Reuters, Northern Reuters, Kyodo and Xinshua are examined for one week. We evaluate

Mark Lichbach

1984-01-01

457

NewsRec, a SVM-driven Personal Recommendation System for News Websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fast absorption of information is a necessity for modern information workers. In the short-lived news area, information is a perishable good. While online news websites can speed up the publication of current events compared to traditional newspapers, reading can be more exhausting as online readers have to navigate through websites by clicking on abstracts or headlines before viewing the underlying

Christian Bomhardt

2004-01-01

458

Media Credibility Reconsidered: Synergy between On-Air and Online News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the combined effects of on-air and online network news exposure, placing student and adult news consumers in broadcast news, online news, and telewebbing conditions. Indicates that perceptions of network news credibility are affected by channel used. Offers evidence for the existence of a synergy effect between on-air and online news.…

Bucy, Erik P.

2003-01-01

459

Internet privacy practices of news media and implications for online journalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

In light of increases in online privacy concerns, use of online news sites, and news site data mining, a content analysis of 405 news media websites assessed information collection strategies and related privacy practices which impact on the relationship of news sources and news users. Sites from four categories of media types (Daily News, Internet Media, Magazines, and Weeklies) were

Traci Hong; Margaret L. McLaughlin; Larry Pryor; Christopher E. Beaudoin; Paul Grabowicz

2005-01-01

460

Necrotizing soft tissue infections.  

PubMed

Necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTIs) are infrequent yet highly lethal infections, and a high index of suspicion is required for early diagnosis. Diagnosing NSTIs early can be challenging, and knowledge of the available tools is essential to provide appropriate treatment. The mainstay of treatment is early and complete surgical debridement combined with antimicrobial therapy, close monitoring with further debridement as needed, and physiologic support. Mortality continues to be high, and delayed surgical treatment is the most important risk factor. For the long-term recovery of patients with NSTI, providing early physiologic and nutritional support and physical rehabilitation is essential. PMID:24094377

Hussein, Qaali A; Anaya, Daniel A

2013-07-25

461

Bean Market News: 2009 Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Dealer Price Trends - Graphics; Monthly Average Prices; Dry Edible Beans, U.S. Production by Commercial Class, Canadian Pulse Supply and Disposition; Dry Edible Beans, Production by Commercial Class by State; Dry Bean, Pea, and Lentil Production...

2009-01-01

462

Applied Soft Computing: Elsevier Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Debuting in March 2001, Applied Soft Computing is the official, online journal of the World Federation on Soft Computing. The journal focuses on "Fuzzy Logic, Neural Networks, Evolutionary Computing, Rough Sets and other similar techniques to address real world complexities." Applications of soft computing are very diverse, ranging from pattern recognition to telecommunications. The most recent issue has five articles, in which genetic programming is a prevalent topic. Access to full online text articles will be free until December 31, 2002.

1999-01-01

463

Microfluidic Applications of Soft Lithography  

SciTech Connect

The soft lithography fabrication technique was applied to three microfluidic devices. The method was used to create an original micropump design and retrofit to existing designs for a DNA manipulation device and a counter biological warfare sample preparation device. Each device presented unique and original challenges to the soft lithography application. AI1 design constraints of the retrofit devices were satisfied using PDMS devices created through variation of soft lithography methods. The micropump utilized the versatility of PDMS, creating design options not available with other materials. In all cases, the rapid processing of soft lithography reduced the fabrication time, creating faster turnaround for design modifications.

Rose, K A; Krulevitch, P; Hamilton, J

2001-04-10

464

Northern New England's threatened soft-shell clam populations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Commercial exhaustion of soft-shell clam,Mya arenaria, had become the fate of many potentially productive clamming areas along the coasts of Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and southern Maine. Investigations of a particularly severe case of soft-shell clam stock depletion in Hampton-Seabrook estuary, New Hampshire, indicated that by 1976 human diggers had removed approximately 87% of the adult clam resource that had existed

John A. Lindsay; Neil B. Savage

1978-01-01

465

Northern New England's threatened soft-shell clam populations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Commercial exhaustion of soft-shell clam, Mya arenaria, had become the fate of many potentially productive clamming areas along the coasts of Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and southern Maine. Investigations of a particularly severe case of soft-shell clam stock depletion in Hampton-Seabrook estuary, New Hampshire, indicated that by 1976 human diggers had removed approximately 87% of the adult clam resource that had

John A. Lindsay; Neil B. Savage

1978-01-01

466

The Image Gap: How International News Affects Perceptions of Nations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the effect of highly unrepresentative news stories on gaps in the accuracy of U.S. residents' judgments about different foreign countries. Concludes that unrepresentative news about developing countries reduces accuracy while increasing confidence and satisfaction in judgments. (MM)

Perry, David K.

1987-01-01

467

Race, Nation, and News in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that racial ideology structures news coverage of race. Illustrates how two manifestations of racial ideology, namely racial hierarchy and temporal distancing, operate in news articles to help create racialized criteria for being an "American." (SR)|

Shah, Hemant

1995-01-01

468

News from the National Institute of Standards and Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

NIST News announcements: News releases, announcements, and newsletters from the National Institute of Standards and Technology, such as the biweekly NIST UPDATE and "NIST Tech Beat", a tip sheet for science journalists.

469

17 CFR 242.505 - Exclusion for news media.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Exclusion for news media. 242.505 Section...COMMISSION (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS M, SHO, ATS...SECURITY FUTURES Regulation Ac-Analyst Certification...Exclusion for news media. No provision of this Regulation AC shall apply...

2009-04-01

470

17 CFR 242.505 - Exclusion for news media.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Exclusion for news media. 242.505 Section...COMMISSION (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS M, SHO, ATS...SECURITY FUTURES Regulation Ac-Analyst Certification...Exclusion for news media. No provision of this Regulation AC shall apply...

2010-04-01

471

Physician-patient communication: breaking bad news.  

PubMed

Physicians often struggle with how to manage the task of breaking bad news with patients. Moreover, the arduous nature of the task can contribute to physician detachment from the patient or an avoidance of breaking the news in a timely manner. A plan of action can only improve physician confidence in breaking bad news, and also make the task more manageable. Over a decade ago, Rabow and McPhee offered a strategy; the ABCDE plan, which provided a patient centered framework from which to deliver troubling news to patients and families. At the heart of this plan was the creation of a safe environment, the demonstration of timely communication skills, and the display of empathy on the physician's part. Careful consideration of the doctor's own reactions to death and dying also played an important role. A close review of the five tenets of this plan indicates the relevance of Rabow and McPhee's strategy today. The patient base in our nation and state continues to be older, on average, and physicians are faced with numerous patients who have terminal illness. A constructive plan with specific ideas for breaking bad news can help physicians effectively navigate this difficult task. PMID:22655433

Fields, Scott A; Johnson, W Michael

472

Mobile Access to the Físchlár-News Archive  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this paper, we describe how we support mobile access to Físchlár-News, a large-scale library of digitised news content,\\u000a which supports browsing and content-based retrieval of news stories. We discuss both the desktop and mobile interfaces to\\u000a Físchlár-News and contrast how the mobile interface implements a different interaction paradigm from the desktop interface,\\u000a which is based on constraints of designing

Cathal Gurrin; Alan F. Smeaton; Hyowon Lee; Kieran Mcdonald; Noel Murphy; Noel E. O'connor; Seán Marlow

2003-01-01

473

Relation Discovery from Thai News Articles Using Association Rule Mining  

Microsoft Academic Search

Association among news articles is useful information for us to track situation related to events, persons, organizations\\u000a and other concerned issues as well as to detect inconsistency among news. In this paper, we propose an association-based approach\\u000a towards mining relations in Thai news articles by exploiting coincident terms. This approach first transforms news documents\\u000a into term-document representation, applies term weighting

Nichnan Kittiphattanabawon; Thanaruk Theeramunkong

2009-01-01

474

News story segmentation based on audio-visual features fusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a method for news video story segmentation, which fuses multi-feature including audio and visual. At first, this paper detects the anchorperson shot for news video and determines the beginning of news story, and then detects topic caption between anchorperson shots. In the next step, silence clips in news video are detected using short-time energy and short-time average

Yu Song; Wenhong Wang; Fengjuan Guo

2009-01-01

475

Soft template synthesis of yolk/silica shell particles.  

PubMed

Yolk/shell particles possess a unique structure that is composed of hollow shells that encapsulate other particles but with an interstitial space between them. These structures are different from core/shell particles in that the core particles are freely movable in the shell. Yolk/shell particles combine the properties of each component, and can find potential applications in catalysis, lithium ion batteries, and biosensors. In this Research News article, a soft-template-assisted method for the preparation of yolk/silica shell particles is presented. The demonstrated method is simple and general, and can produce hollow silica spheres incorporated with different particles independent of their diameters, geometry, and composition. Furthermore, yolk/mesoporous silica shell particles and multishelled particles are also prepared through optimization of the experimental conditions. Finally, potential applications of these particles are discussed. PMID:20437501

Wu, Xue-Jun; Xu, Dongsheng

2010-04-01

476

Identifying Sources of Bias in Agricultural News Reporting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Articles from 1987-1996 issues of Farm Journal, Progressive Farmer, Successful Farming, Time, Newsweek, and U.S. News and World Report were analyzed, revealing lack of depth in reporting environmental and food safety issues and few presentation differences between agricultural and news publications. However, news magazines' artwork often conveyed…

Whitaker, B. Kathryn; Dyer, James E.

2000-01-01

477

News for the '90s: A Question of Values.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This special issue of "Media & Values" gives a perspective on how news is changing, what is missing in the news, and how to spot bias and misinformation in news coverage, both print and electronic. Articles examine the impact of computer imaging on the credibility of photographs and the issue of privacy--just how far should journalists go to get…

Silver, Rosalind, Ed.; Thoman, Elizabeth, Ed.

1990-01-01

478

News in Mobiles: Comparing Text, Audio and Video.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

If a user had the possibility to watch the latest television news on a mobile phone, or listen to the news on the radio or read text news with the mobile, what would he or she choose. In what cases would the user opt for mobile TV content and when would t...

V. Oksman E. Noppari A. Tammela M. Makinen V. Ollikainen

2007-01-01

479

Affective Priming During the Processing of News Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigates the role of affective priming during the processing of news articles. It is assumed that the valence of the affective response to a news article will influence the processing of subsequent news articles. More specifically, it is hypothesized that participants who read a positive article will recall subsequent positive information better than negative information. Similarly, participants

Susanne E. Baumgartner; Werner Wirth

2012-01-01

480

Are News Media Substitutes? Gratifications, Contents, and Uses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internet is generally expected to have one of two effects on traditional news media: It displaces them, or it forces them into distinct market niches. A shared assumption underlying both expectations is that news media displacement, or substitution, is a function of the degree to which news media are functional equivalents. This article explores this assumption from a niche theoretical

Richard van der Wurff

2011-01-01

481

The Fox News Effect: Media Bias and Voting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does media bias affect voting? We address this question by looking at the entry of Fox News in cable markets and its impact on voting. Between October 1996 and November 2000, the conservative Fox News Channel was introduced in the cable programming of 20 percent of US towns. Fox News availability in 2000 appears to be largely idiosyncratic. Using a

Stefano DellaVigna; Ethan Kaplan

2006-01-01

482

The Fox News Effect: Media Bias and Voting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does media bias affect voting? We analyze the entry of Fox News in cable markets and its impact on voting. Between October 1996 and November 2000, the conservative Fox News Channel was introduced in the cable programming of 20 percent of U. S. towns. Fox News availability in 2000 appears to be largely idiosyncratic, conditional on a set of controls.

Stefano DellaVigna; Ethan Kaplan

2007-01-01

483

Network Television Evening News Coverage of Infectious Disease Events.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines coverage of several infectious diseases and teenage suicide to see whether television news favors covering illness where it clusters or when it occurs near major news centers where it is easier to cover. Finds that television news did go to where the illness broke out but tended to favor reporting urban over rural suicides. (RS)|

Greenberg, Michael; Wartenberg, Daniel

1990-01-01

484

MAQSA: a system for social analytics on news  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present MAQSA, a system for social analytics on news. MAQSA provides an interactive topic-centric dashboard that summarizes news articles and social activity (e.g., comments and tweets) around them. MAQSA helps editors and publishers in newsrooms understand user engagement and audience sentiment evolution on various topics of interest. It also helps news consumers explore public reaction on articles relevant to

Sihem Amer-Yahia; Samreen Anjum; Amira Ghenai; Aysha Siddique; Sofiane Abbar; Sam Madden; Adam Marcus; Mohammed El-Haddad

2012-01-01

485

Perceived Credibility of News on World Wide Web Homepages.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study was designed to compare the credibility of news posted on news media-sponsored World Wide Web homepages, organization-sponsored homepages, or shown on television. There is evident concern among journalists over the public's perception of news c...

L. N. Pepin

1999-01-01

486

Leveraging user-generated content for news search  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last few years both availability and accessibility of current news stories on the Web have dramatically improved. In particular, users can now access news from a variety of sources hosted on the Web, from newswire presences such as the New York Times, to integrated news search within Web search engines. However, of central interest is the emerging impact

Richard M. C. McCreadie

2010-01-01

487

Blacks in the News: Television, Modern Racism and Cultural Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local news may be one vehicle through which television helps, inadvertently, both to preserve and to transform cultural values. Content analysis on the evening news on four Chicago television stations over a lengthy period suggests local television responds to viewing tastes of black audiences. However, data on these Chicago television news programs suggest racism still may be indirectly encouraged by

Robert M. Entman

1992-01-01

488

16 CFR 1012.6 - The news media.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false The news media. 1012.6 Section 1012.6 Commercial...AND OUTSIDE PARTIES § 1012.6 The news media. The Agency recognizes that the news media occupy a unique position in informing...

2013-01-01

489

Design and implementation of a web news extraction system  

Microsoft Academic Search

with the widespread use of Internet and the development of information technology, there is a tremendous amount of news information resource. The ability to quickly obtain useful resource from the huge news information is a crucial problem at present. Based on the analysis of the structure of the news portal page, this paper combines the technology of regular expressions and

Hua-lin Xia; Yang-sen Zhang

2011-01-01

490

Mining events and new name translations from online daily news  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a system for mining events and unseen name translations from online daily Web news. This system first automatically discovers bilingual events by analyzing the content of the news stories. The discovered event can be treated as comparable bilingual news and can be used for generating name candidates. A name matching algorithm is developed to discover new unseen name

Wai Lam; Pik-Shan Cheung; Ruizhang Huang

2004-01-01

491

Television News in the Classroom: What Are Adolescents Learning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined current-events knowledge of high school students with and without access to daily television news in the classroom. Found that students with greater prior knowledge of current events had more interest in the news and sought external news sources. (Author/LBT)|

Anderman, Eric M.; Johnston, Jerome

1998-01-01

492

Comprehending News Videotexts: The Influence of the Visual Content  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Informed by dual coding theory, this study explores the role of the visual content in L2 listeners' comprehension of news videotexts. L1 research into the visual characteristics and comprehension of news videotexts is outlined, subsequently informing the quantitative analysis of audiovisual correspondence in the news videotexts used. In each of…

Cross, Jeremy

2011-01-01

493

Heavy Viewing: Emergent Frames in Contemporary News Coverage of Obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last 10 years, rising rates of obesity in the United States have drawn significant and increasing public attention from various quarters, which has led to commensurately increased news coverage of the issue. A handful of scholars to date have examined how obesity has been “framed” in the news, given that news framing of issues has proven effects on

Helene A. Shugart

2011-01-01

494

Negative News and the Sleeper Effect of Distrust  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of the media in the creation of distrust is much debated in political communication. Will negative news, for example, relentless attacks on political authorities, result in political cynicism or in a stimulation effect? By and large the media may stimulate political participation,but it is less clear when negative news will nullify this effect. Negative news may not only

Jan Kleinnijenhuis; Anita M. J. van Hoof; Dirk Oegema

2006-01-01

495

The Flow of Foreign News into Six Arab Gulf Newspapers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to determine the nature of foreign news coverage in the Arab Gulf states, a study examined six newspapers in these states (one in each country) in regard to the volume, news sources, and kinds of news (both subject categories and regions covered). Data were selected from 12 issues (one from each month) in 1986 from the following…

Al-Habib, Abdulrahman Ibrahim

496

Perceptions and Use of News Media by College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated college students' use of and attitudes toward traditional and nontraditional news media, and the role of cable news network (CNN) and its integration into evolving news consumption patterns. Results indicate later college years are associated with heavier consumption. CNN viewers are heavier users of traditional media.…

Henke, Lucy L.

1985-01-01

497

College Students' News Gratifications, Media Use, and Current Events Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of testing uses and gratifications theory with college students show students' media use and surveillance needs increase college year. Demographic differences and gratifications sought drive news media use. Surveillance needs result in increased use of all news media, whereas entertainment needs result in television news and CNN viewing.…

Vincent, Richard C.; Basil, Michael D.

1997-01-01

498

Using twitter to recommend real-time topical news  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recommending news stories to users, based on their preferences, has long been a favourite domain for recommender systems research. In this paper, we describe a novel approach to news recommendation that harnesses real-time micro-blogging activity, from a service such as Twitter, as the basis for promoting news stories from a user's favourite RSS feeds. A preliminary evaluation is carried out

Owen Phelan; Kevin Mccarthy; Barry Smyth

2009-01-01

499

How to Talk to Your Child about the News  

MedlinePLUS

How to Talk to Your Child About the News KidsHealth > Parents > School & Family Life > Tough Topics > How to Talk to Your Child About the News Print A A A Text Size What's in this article? (click to view) How Kids Perceive the News Talking About ...

500

Exploring the Association Between News Media Skepticism and Exposure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores a possible association between skepticism toward the media and audience exposure patterns. Hypotheses predicting a relationship between media skepticism and news media consumption are tested on four large sample data sets. Findings show that media skepticism is negatively associated with mainstream news exposure but positively associated with nonmainstream news exposure.

JOSEPH N. CAPPELLA