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1

SOFT’ VERSUS ‘HARD’ NEWS ON MICROBLOGGING NETWORKS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the variability of produsage (the hybridization of production and consumption) within popular social media by introducing semantic network analysis of information communication on Twitter. Utilizing user data (n[2,254,806]), the study examines the dynamics of produsage (a) as a function of user activity and (b) whether produsage levels vary based on either ‘soft’ or ‘hard’ news information. The

Tyler J. Horan

2012-01-01

2

Researching Media Convergence and Crossmedia News Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digitization of production has facilitated changes in the organization and practices of journalism. Technological convergence, media convergence and organizational conver- gence have helped change the way in which news is made. A substantial amount of research has been done on news production in general, and television news in particular. However, little research has been done specifically on the production context

IVAR JOHN ERDAL

3

An experimental news production system with flexible role-based access control  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid development of information technology has sped up the production of digital news media. An effective news production system plays an important role in improving workflow efficiency of the production via computer support collaborative work. However, most news production systems developed today target for on-line news web publishing and usually are tailored to a specific organization. In this paper,

Min-che Ho; Tsai-yen Li

2005-01-01

4

Dependencies between soft proofing and prepress production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to save time and money, more and more printing organizations are investing in on-line customer portals to allow uploading content and giving formal approvals based on soft proofs before the final production process (plate making and printing) can be initiated. The approvals are typically made on soft proofs of pages whereas, obviously, the images used for plate making are so-called imposed flats (a combination of pages rotated in such a way that the printed matter can be obtained after folding and cutting). The main goal of a soft proof of a page is to simulate accurately on a display device how the page will be finally printed. The quality expectations of a soft proof are very high since a formal approval implies contractual obligations from the printing organization. This quality, however, can be influenced by many parameters. By definition, soft proofs will be displayed on a monitor (being a light emitting device), whereas a print on paper can only be seen as the reflection of a light source. As a consequence, monitors can be described by an additive color model whereas printers or presses will be modeled by a subtractive color model. Other differences relate to how the image is generated: presses can only output binary information (ink or no ink) and continuous tones are simulated by using screening techniques whereas, on a monitor, a multi-level signal can generate different shades of a specific color. The differences described above are addressed by many color management systems available on the market today. An upcoming requirement in this area is that people do not only expect the color management software to behave well but also expect this software to validate its behavior. Another range of problems with soft proofs relates to the rendering (converting vector-based page data into bitmaps) and separation process. These can be divided in two classes: spatial issues (related to resolution differences, high-frequency patterns, aliasing problems etc.) and issues related to object layering (overprint and transparency issues). Also when optimizations are carried out for plate reuse across versioned products, many things can go wrong. In this paper, we will categorize the different potential problems occurring with soft proofs and examine in detail how these problems can be avoided. It will turn out that this can only be realized if one knows the details on how the printing plates will be generated in prepress production.

Tuijn, Chris

2008-01-01

5

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Belfast: On the next level above Galileo Wales: 2nd All Wales Physics Teachers Meeting England: Good afternoon Natural Philosphers... Communication: Posters win prizes Careers: Physics On Course 2004 Visits: Refreshing Physics Sport: Cheating at baseball Physics on Stage: Polish performance Space: Forces that affect GPS satellites New Zealand: It’s not All Black News these days New Initiatives: NOISE Physics on Stage 3: Lively stars heading for ESA

2003-09-01

6

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

AWARDS Presentations to top students; PHYSICS IN PRIMARY SCIENCE Amaze and inspire; WEB RESOURCES PhysicsClub goes live; EVENTS GIREP develops thinking; RESEARCH FRONTIERS Carbon dating may not run to time; CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT Vocational qualifications; CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT Flanders gears up for curriculum change; EXHIBITIONS Building the Universe; EVENTS Physics Discipline Network VII; SPECIAL NEWS FEATURE Progress in UK post-16 courses; Teaching Advancing Physics... the story so far; An outside observer's view of Advancing Physics; Student views of SHAP; Results from the SHAP pilot: successful and girl-friendly; AWARDS Royal visit to publisher;

2001-07-01

7

21 CFR 886.5928 - Soft (hydrophilic) contact lens care products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Soft (hydrophilic) contact lens care products. 886.5928...886.5928 Soft (hydrophilic) contact lens care products. (a) Identification. A soft (hydrophilic) contact lens care product is a device...

2013-04-01

8

21 CFR 886.5928 - Soft (hydrophilic) contact lens care products.  

...false Soft (hydrophilic) contact lens care products. 886.5928 Section 886...5928 Soft (hydrophilic) contact lens care products. (a) Identification. A soft (hydrophilic) contact lens care product is a device intended...

2014-04-01

9

News Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A set of recursive relations called NEWS (for New-Product Early Warning System) is here presented in its own right as a separable part of the DEMON system for marketing new products. NEWS is designed to distinguish the variables and relations that are usu...

A. Charnes W. W. Cooper J. K. Devoe D. B. Learner L. Light

1968-01-01

10

Soft multihadron production from partonic structure and fragmentation functions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a two-chain model for soft multiparticle production in hadronic collisions. The model is formulated in a parton framework and is consistent with the dual topological scheme for the Pomeron. The sole inputs are valence quark structure functions in the colliding hadrons and parton fragmentation functions, both of which are known from “hard” processes. Our model, which contains no

A. Capella; U. Sukhatme; J. Tran Thanh Van

1980-01-01

11

Consistency of data on soft photon production in hadronic interactions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The glob model of Lichard and Van Hove and the modified soft annihilation model (MSAM) of Lichard and Thompson are used as a phenomenological tool for relating results from various experiments on soft photon production in high energy collisions. The total phenomenological expectation is composed of contributions from classical bremsstrahlung, the soft annihilation model, and the glob model. The empirical excess above the background from hadronic decays at very small longitudinal momenta of photons is well reproduced, as well as that for transverse momenta pT>~10 MeV/c. Some data do not require the glob model and MSAM components in the phenomenological mixture, but do not exclude them. On the basis of consistency of all data with the total theoretical expectation we argue that the results of all experiments are mutually consistent. The models are unable to describe the excess of ultrasoft photons (pT<~10 MeV/c), seen by some, but not all, experiments. This may indicate an as yet unknown projectile-mass-dependent production mechanism. Possible relations of soft photon production to other phenomena are discussed. A simple-to-use, but physically equivalent version of the glob model is developed, which enables an easy check of presented results.

Lichard, Peter

1994-12-01

12

Journalistic Roles and the Production of Development News: A Study of Three Prestigious Newspapers in India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on three leading Indian newspapers published in New Delhi--"The Economic Times,""The Hindustan Times," and "Nav Bharat Times," a study examined the roles that journalists working for these newspapers assume, or want to assume, and how that may be related to development news production by their newspapers. A survey was distributed to all…

Shah, Hemant

13

Strategy and Structure for Online News Production - Case Studies of CNN and NRK  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This cross-national comparative case study of online news production analyzes the strategies of Cable News Network (CNN) and the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK), aiming at understanding of the implications of organizational strategy on the role of journalists, explains why traditional media organizations have a tendency to develop a multi-platform approach (distributing content on several platforms, such as television, online, mobile) rather than developing the cross-media (with interplay between media types) or multimedia approach anticipated by both scholars and practitioners.

Krumsvik, Arne H.

14

Production of seedless watermelon using soft-X-irradiated pollen  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new method for producing seedless watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) in diploid plants using soft-X-irradiated pollen is described. Fruit set at almost the same rate despite soft-X-irradiation. Empty seeds were produced in the watermelon cultivars ‘Benikodama’ and ‘Fujihikari TR’ following hand pollination using soft-X-irradiated pollen. Soft-X-irradiation doses of 800–1000Gy resulted in small empty seeds in ‘Fujihikari TR’, whereas 400–1000Gy doses gave

Keita Sugiyama; Masami Morishita

2000-01-01

15

Soft gamma-ray production in active galactic nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent studies by Lightman (1982), Svensson (1984), an others on the pair-equilibrium states of mildly relativistic thermal plasma, including magnetic fields and optical sources are considered. Resulting constraints on luminosities and proton densities together with observational data permit the selection of an accretion scenario in which a high-energy spectrum, similar to that of NGC 4151, is produced. It is shown that soft gamma-ray production via thermal bremsstrahlung can occur in the central region of the two-temperature, geometrically thick part of the disc. On the other hand, the power-law X-ray spectrum is expected to be generated in the intermediate region due to Comptonization of optical photons coming from an outer, geometrically thin part of the disc. Implications for the relation between quasars and Seyfert galaxies are discussed.

Sikora, M.; Zbyszewska, M.

1985-02-01

16

Lithium Production in Soft X-ray Transients  

Microsoft Academic Search

High Li abundances have been reported in the late type secondaries of three soft X-ray transients (SXTs), V404 Cyg, A0620-00, and Cen X-4. Since Li is likely to be depleted in stars of this type, the origin of the Li is puzzling. Li has not been seen in similar secondaries of cataclysmic variables, which suggests that the high Li abundance

I. Yi; R. Narayan

1996-01-01

17

DCTD — News & Events  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Click here to view the Site Map Home | Sitemap | Contact DCTD Search this site News & Events 2014 News 2013 News 2012 News 2011 News 2010 News 2009 News 2008 News 2007 News 2006 News 2005 News DCTD Programs Cancer Diagnosis Program Cancer

18

Renewable Energy News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Renewable Energy News is a comprehensive source which provides world-wide updates on all aspects of renewable energies. The site provides links to organizations and web directories of related products and information. The site is organized in a user-friendly way with issues organized by topic or region. Science, technology, economy energy, and nuclear review are highlighted areas of news.

2007-09-17

19

A matrix product coprocessor for FPGA embedded soft processors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper present a matrix coprocessor specialized for computing matrix product. The proposed circuit allows a significant reduction in the computational time required by a general-purpose processor for the sequential execution of the matrix product. The coprocessor has been integrated with a RISC processor and a field programmable system on chip has been realized. The new circuit uses p processor

Pasquale Corsonello; Stefania Perri; Paolo Zicari

2005-01-01

20

Anomalous soft photon production from the induced currents in Dirac sea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The propagation of a high-energy quark disturbs the confining QCD vacuum inducing the currents in Dirac sea. Since quarks possess electric charge, these induced vacuum quark currents act as a source of soft photon radiation. This can lead to the enhancement of the soft photon production above the expectations based on the charged hadron yields and the Low theorem. We illustrate the phenomenon by using the exactly soluble 1+1 dimensional massless Abelian gauge model that shares with QCD all of the ingredients involved in this mechanism: confinement, chiral symmetry breaking, axial anomaly, and the periodic ? vacuum. We show that the propagating quark throughout the process of hadronization induces in the vacuum charged transition currents that lead to a strong resonant enhancement of the soft photon yield; the Low theorem, however, remains accurate in the limit of very soft momenta. We then construct on the basis of our result a simple phenomenological model and apply it to the soft photon production in the fragmentation of jets produced in Z0 decays. We find a qualitative agreement with the recent result from the DELPHI Collaboration.

Kharzeev, Dmitri E.; Loshaj, Frashër

2014-04-01

21

Haptic Aided Soft-touch Multi-material Product Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, thermoplastic elastomers (TPE) based multi-material molded products have found wide spread uses in various industries and every-day life. Today's computer-aided design (CAD) tools are very cumbersome in designing multi-material parts. This paper proposes a top-down design methodology to facilitate the design of multi-material products. Haptic technology is employed to enhance efficiency and intuitiveness of the designing process.

Zhan Gao; Yonghua Chen; Lili Lian

2006-01-01

22

DCTD — News & Events  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Click here to view the Site Map Home | Sitemap | Contact DCTD Search this site News & Events 2013 News 2012 News 2011 News 2010 News 2009 News 2008 News 2007 News 2006 News 2005 News DCTD Programs Cancer Diagnosis Program Cancer Imaging

23

Soft-Fermion-Pole Mechanism to Single Spin Asymmetry in Hadronic Pion Production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Single spin asymmetry (SSA) is a twist-3 observable in the collinear factorization approach. We present a twist-3 single-spin-dependent cross section formula for the pion production in pp-collision, p?p-->?X, relevant to RHIC experiments. In particular, we calculate the soft-fermion-pole (SFP) contribution to the cross section from the quark-gluon correlation functions. We show that its effect can be as large as the soft-gluon-pole (SGP) contribution owing to the large SFP partonic hard cross section, even though the derivative of the SFP function does not participate in the cross section.

Koike, Yuji; Tomita, Tetsuya

2009-08-01

24

Soft-Fermion-Pole Mechanism to Single Spin Asymmetry in Hadronic Pion Production  

SciTech Connect

Single spin asymmetry (SSA) is a twist-3 observable in the collinear factorization approach. We present a twist-3 single-spin-dependent cross section formula for the pion production in pp-collision, p{sup a}rrow upp->piX, relevant to RHIC experiments. In particular, we calculate the soft-fermion-pole (SFP) contribution to the cross section from the quark-gluon correlation functions. We show that its effect can be as large as the soft-gluon-pole (SGP) contribution owing to the large SFP partonic hard cross section, even though the derivative of the SFP function does not participate in the cross section.

Koike, Yuji; Tomita, Tetsuya [Department of Physics, Niigata University, Ikarashi, Niigata 950-2181 (Japan)

2009-08-04

25

Soft open charm production in Heavy-Ion Collisions.  

PubMed

The effects of strong longitudinal color electric fields on the open charm production in nucleus-nucleus (A+A) collisions at 200A GeV are investigated within the framework of the HIJING/BB[over ] v2.0 model. A threefold increase of the effective string tension due to in-medium effects in A+A collisions results in a sizable ( approximately 60%-70%) enhancement of the total charm production cross sections (sigma (cc)(NN)). The nuclear modification factor shows a suppression at moderate transverse momentum (p(T)) consistent with BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider data. At Large Hadron Collider energies the model predicts an increase of sigma (cc)(NN) by approximately an order of magnitude. PMID:19658927

Topor Pop, V; Barrette, J; Gyulassy, M

2009-06-12

26

News & Events  

Cancer.gov

News about scientific advances in cancer prevention, program activities, and new projects are included here in NCI press releases and fact sheets, articles from the NCI Cancer Bulletin, and Clinical Trial News from the NCI website.

27

CRCHD - News Releases  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - News Releases Home News and Events News Releases Health Disparities News & Articles E-bulletin News Stories & Interviews CRCHD Spotlights Meetings & Events Press Kit News Releases & Articles 2012

28

CRCHD - News Releases  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - News Releases Home News and Events News Releases News Releases E-bulletin News Stories Spotlights Meetings & Events Press Kit News Releases & Articles 2012 New! CRCHD PNRP Grantees Publish Research

29

Dental Health Benefits of an Innovative Soft Rawhide Product for Small Dogs  

Microsoft Academic Search

A crossover clinical trial was conducted in small client-owned dogs (<15 lbs.) to evaluate the effects on dental health of an innovative soft rawhide product coated with an anti-calculus agent and an anti-microbial agent. The dogs were given a complete dental prophylaxis at the initiation of each 4-week test period. During the test period the dogs were maintained on a

George K. Stookey; Janice M. Warrick; Gregory A. Inskeep

30

Genetic engineering of soft-rot bacteria for ethanol production from lignocellulose  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The soft-rot bacteriaErwinia carotovora SR38 andErwinia chrysanthemi EC16 have been genetically engineered to efficiently produce ethanol and carbon dioxide as primary fermentation products from cellobiose, glucose and xylose. These organisms have the native ability to secrete a battery of hydrolases and lyases to aid in the solubilization of lignocellulose. Both strains of ethanologenicErwinia fermented cellobiose at twice the rate

D. S. Beall; L. O. Ingram

1993-01-01

31

PRODUCTION OF BIOFUEL FROM SOFT SHELL OF PISTACHIO (PISTACIA VERA L.)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soft shell of pistachio (Pistacia veraL.) pyrolysis experiments were performed in a fixed-bed reactor to produce bio-oil. The effects of temperature, heating rate, and sweep gas (N2) flow rates on the yields and compositions of products were investigated. Pyrolysis runs were performed using reactor temperatures between 350° and 500°C with heating rates of 15° and 50°C\\/min. Nitrogen flow rates varied

?lknur Demiral; Nurdilek Gülmezo?lu Atilgan; Sevgi ?ensöz

2008-01-01

32

The Local News Story: Is Quality a Choice?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The conventional wisdom about local TV news is that quality journalism does not sell and that only by focusing on crime, disasters, and other “soft news” can newscasts get good ratings. Political scientists have decried the poor quality of TV news as a betrayal of the press's mandate to inform citizens of the important policy issues of the day so

Todd L. Belt; Marion R. Just

2008-01-01

33

Soft-fermion-pole contribution to single-spin asymmetry for pion production in pp collisions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the single transverse spin asymmetry for the inclusive pion production in the nucleon-nucleon collision, pp??X, based on the twist-3 mechanism in the collinear factorization. We derive the soft-fermion-pole (SFP) contribution to the twist-3 single-spin-dependent cross section associated with the twist-3 quark-gluon correlation functions in the polarized nucleon. We find that the SFP can give rise to a large effect to the asymmetry A owing to the large partonic hard cross sections with the large color factor, if the SFP function has a similar magnitude as the soft-gluon-pole (SGP) function, in spite of the absence of the “derivative term” for the SFP function unlike for the SGP function.

Koike, Yuji; Tomita, Tetsuya

2009-05-01

34

Single top quark production at the Fermilab Tevatron: Threshold resummation and finite-order soft gluon corrections  

Microsoft Academic Search

I present a calculation of threshold soft-gluon corrections to single top-quark production in pp¯ collisions via all partonic processes in the t and s channels and via associated top quark and W boson production. The soft-gluon corrections are formally resummed to all orders, and finite-order expansions of the resummed cross section are calculated through next-to-next-to-next-to-leading-order (NNNLO) at next-to-leading logarithmic (NLL)

Nikolaos Kidonakis

2006-01-01

35

Heavy quarkonium production at low P? in nonrelativistic QCD with soft gluon resummation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We extend the nonrelativistic QCD (NRQCD) prediction for the production of heavy quarkonium with low transverse momentum in hadronic collisions by taking into account effects from all-order soft gluon resummation. Following the Collins-Soper-Sterman formalism, we resum the most singular terms in the partonic subprocesses. The theoretical predictions of J/? and ? productions are compared to the experimental data from the fixed target experiments (E866) and the collider experiments (RHIC, Tevatron, LHC). The associated nonperturbative Sudakov form factor for the gluon distributions is found to be different from the previous assumption of rescaling the quark form factor by the ratio of color factors. This conclusion should be further checked by future experiments on Higgs boson and/or diphoton production in pp collisions. We also comment on the implication of our results on determining the color-octet matrix elements associated with the J/? and ? productions in the NRQCD factorization formalism.

Sun, Peng; Yuan, C.-P.; Yuan, Feng

2013-09-01

36

Industry News  

Cancer.gov

Myriad RBM announces Oncology MAP v2.0Myriad RBM, a former recipient of Small Business Innovations Research funding from the NCI, has recently announced the launch of OncologyMAP® v2.0. Print This Page Industry News, eProtein News and Events

37

RFID News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For additional updates on the development of RFID technology, RFID News maintains current news about emerging standards (including the controversial ISO 11784/85 standard), innovative applications, and general issues. Some topics covered include pet identification devices, intellectual property, and court cases involving RFID.

2008-05-13

38

Transponder News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Transponder News offers several articles that explore the technology of radio frequency identification (RFID) in greater detail. Topics include choosing the frequency, types of RFID systems, suppliers, trends, and technical reports. Visitors will also find links to interviews, standards, and registration for Transponder News' newsletter of site updates.

Marsh, Mike

1969-12-31

39

Making the News: Jobs in TV Journalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What do TV news workers do each day? For many of them, contributing to daily news broadcasts has changed greatly over the years. This evolution will likely continue for years to come. And more changes to news production are expected, according to Tom Weir, an associate professor at the University of South Carolina's School of Journalism and Mass…

Csorny, Lauren

2009-01-01

40

News & Events  

Cancer.gov

Nathaniel Rothman Honored by Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center DCEG Celebrates Accomplishments of Longtime Collaborator 10th Annual Gilbert W. Beebe Symposium DCEG Participates in the International Papillomavirus Conference DCEG People in the News Print

41

ER News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Energy Research News (ER News) is a bimonthly newsletter supported by the US Department of Energy's Office of Energy Research. This newsletter focuses on informing engineers, researchers, and the interested public of the latest research and technology advancements at OER. Topics include energy generation, microbiology, the Human Genome Project, global weather change, computing, and more. Users may register for an email reminder (topic list) that announces each new issue. Back issues (to April 1995) are available.

1995-01-01

42

Electron-positron pair production by ultrarelativistic electrons in a soft-photon field  

SciTech Connect

The fully differential cross section for photon-electron pair production is integrated numerically over phase space. Results for the astrophysically interesting case are obtained, in which the interaction between an ultrarelativistic electron and a soft photon results in e/sup -/-e/sup +/ pair production. The positron spectrum is a function of the energies of both the photon and the electron, as well as the angle of interaction. An isotropic distribution of photons is assumed in integration over solid angle. The energy at which the positron distribution peaks is found to be inversely proportional to the photon energy and independent of the electron energy. The positron spectrum is integrated once more over initial electron energies for a power-law energy distribution of primary electrons. The same procedure is repeated for the recoil particle; it is shown that the peak of the recoil energy distribution depends linearly on the energy of the primary electron. Finally, semi-analytical expressions are obtained for the energy losses of the primary electrons. Triplet pair production turns out to be important in the magnetospheres of hot (T approx. 10/sup 7/K), young (t less than or equal to 200 yrs) neutron stars. Interactions between thermal photons and highly relativistic electrons accelerated in the pulsar magnetosphere can initiate intense electromagnetic cascades. Finally, the possibility of a young pulsar (presumably arising from a recent supernova explosion) in the galactic center region is considered.

Mastichiadis, A.

1985-01-01

43

Nuclear Reaction Cross-Section Measurements via Characterization of Soft Radiation Emitting Products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nuclear reaction cross-section measurements via the activation technique are generally made using high-resolution ?-ray spectrometry. However, in cases where the radioactive product decays exclusively by EC (without emitting a ?-ray) resort has to be made to the rather subtle technique of x-ray spectrometry. Similarly for characterisation of pure ?- emitters, gas-flow proportional or liquid-scintillation counting is applied. In both cases the use of radiochemical methods is most essential. We studied the natTi(p,xn)49V and 85Rb(p,4n)82Sr reactions via x-ray spectrometry. In each case a clean radiochemical separation was performed and a thin source was prepared. The radioactivity of 49V was determined using the soft 4.5-keV k? x-rays and that of 82Sr via the 13.4-keV k? x-rays. In another study, the reactions natTi(p,x)45Ca, 89Y(n,p)89Sr, and natPb(p,x)204Tl were investigated. All the products are pure ?- emitters and therefore clean radiochemical separations were mandatory. The radioactivity of each of the three products was determined via low-level anticoincidence ?- counting. Furthermore, in the case of 45Ca, liquid-scintillation counting was also used. The results obtained using different techniques are compared.

Kettern, K.; Spahn, I.; Spellerberg, S.; Qaim, S. M.; Coenen, H. H.

2005-05-01

44

Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Natural Products Isolated from Soft Corals of Taiwan between 2008 and 2012  

PubMed Central

This review reports details on the natural products isolated from Taiwan soft corals during the period 2008–2012 focusing on their in vitro and/or in vivo anti-inflammatory activities. Chemical structures, names, and literature references are also reported. This review provides useful and specific information on potent anti-inflammatory marine metabolites for future development of immune-modulatory therapeutics.

Wei, Wen-Chi; Sung, Ping-Jyun; Duh, Chang-Yih; Chen, Bo-Wei; Sheu, Jyh-Horng; Yang, Ning-Sun

2013-01-01

45

Study of the Dependence of Direct Soft Photon Production on the Jet Characteristics in Hadronic $Z^0$ Decays  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of the direct soft photon production rate as a function of the parent jet characteristics is presented, based on hadronic events collected by the DELPHI experiment at LEP1. The dependences of the photon rates on the jet kinematic characteristics (momentum, mass, etc.) and on the jet charged, neutral and total hadron multiplicities are reported. Up to a scale

J Abdallah; P Abreu; W Adam; P Adzic; T Albrecht; R Alemany-Fernandez; T Allmendinger; P P Allport; U Amaldi; N Amapane; S Amato; E Anashkin; A Andreazza; S Andringa; N Anjos; P Antilogus; W-D Apel; Y Arnoud; S Ask; B Asman; J E Augustin; A Augustinus; P Baillon; A Ballestrero; P Bambade; R Barbier; D Bardin; G J Barker; A Baroncelli; M Battaglia; M Baubillier; K-H Becks; M Begalli; A Behrmann; E Ben-Haim; N Benekos; A Benvenuti; C Berat; M Berggren; D Bertrand; M Besancon; N Besson; D Bloch; M Blom; M Bluj; M Bonesini; M Boonekamp; G Borisov; O Botner; B Bouquet; T J V Bowcock; I Boyko; M Bracko; R Brenner; E Brodet; P Bruckman; J M Brunet; B Buschbeck; P Buschmann; M Calvi; T Camporesi; V Canale; F Carena; N Castro; F Cavallo; M Chapkin; Ph Charpentier; P Checchia; R Chierici; P Chliapnikov; J Chudoba; S U Chung; K Cieslik; P Collins; R Contri; G Cosme; F Cossutti; M J Costa; D Crennell; J Cuevas; J D'Hondt; T da Silva; W Da Silva; G Della Ricca; A De Angelis; W De Boer; C De Clercq; B De Lotto; N De Maria; A De Min; L de Paula; L Di Ciaccio; A Di Simone; K Doroba; J Drees; G Eigen; T Ekelof; M Ellert; M Elsing; M C Espirito Santo; G Fanourakis; D Fassouliotis; M Feindt; J Fernandez; A Ferrer; F Ferro; U Flagmeyer; H Foeth; E Fokitis; F Fulda-Quenzer; J Fuster; M Gandelman; C Garcia; Ph Gavillet; E Gazis; R Gokieli; B Golob; G Gomez-Ceballos; P Goncalves; E Graziani; G Grosdidier; K Grzelak; J Guy; C Haag; A Hallgren; K Hamacher; S Haug; F Hauler; V Hedberg; M Hennecke; J Hoffman; S-O Holmgren; P J Holt; M A Houlden; J N Jackson; G Jarlskog; P Jarry; D Jeans; E K Johansson; P Jonsson; C Joram; L Jungermann; F Kapusta; S Katsanevas; E Katsoufis; B P Kersevan; U Kerzel; B T King; N J Kjaer; P Kluit; P Kokkinias; C Kourkoumelis; O Kouznetsov; Z Krumstein; M Kucharczyk; J Lamsa; G Leder; F Ledroit; L Leinonen; R Leitner; J Lemonne; T Lesiak; W Liebig; D Liko; A Lipniacka; J H Lopes; J M Lopez; D Loukas; P Lutz; L Lyons; J MacNaughton; A Malek; S Maltezos; F Mandl; J Marco; R Marco; B Marechal; M Margoni; J-C Marin; C Mariotti; A Markou; C Martinez-Rivero; J Masik; N Mastroyiannopoulos; F Matorras; C Matteuzzi; F Mazzucato; M Mazzucato; R Mc Nulty; C Meroni; E Migliore; W Mitaroff; U Mjoernmark; T Moa; M Moch; K Moenig; R Monge; J Montenegro; D Moraes; S Moreno; P Morettini; U Mueller; K Muenich; M Mulders; L Mundim; W Murray; B Muryn; G Myatt; T Myklebust; M Nassiakou; F Navarria; K Nawrocki; S Nemecek; R Nicolaidou; M Nikolenko; A Oblakowska-Mucha; V Obraztsov; A Olshevski; A Onofre; R Orava; K Österberg; A Ouraou; A Oyanguren; M Paganoni; S Paiano; J P Palacios; H Palka; Th D Papadopoulou; L Pape; C Parkes; F Parodi; U Parzefall; A Passeri; O Passon; L Peralta; V Perepelitsa; A Perrotta; A Petrolini; J Piedra; L Pieri; F Pierre; M Pimenta; E Piotto; T Podobnik; V Poireau; M E Pol; G Polok; V Pozdniakov; N Pukhaeva; A Pullia; D Radojicic; P Rebecchi; J Rehn; D Reid; R Reinhardt; P Renton; F Richard; J Ridky; M Rivero; D Rodriguez; A Romero; P Ronchese; P Roudeau; T Rovelli; V Ruhlmann-Kleider; D Ryabtchikov; A Sadovsky; L Salmi; J Salt; C Sander; A Savoy-Navarro; U Schwickerath; R Sekulin; M Siebel; A Sisakian; G Smadja; O Smirnova; A Sokolov; A Sopczak; R Sosnowski; T Spassov; M Stanitzki; A Stocchi; J Strauss; B Stugu; M Szczekowski; M Szeptycka; T Szumlak; T Tabarelli; F Tegenfeldt; J Timmermans; L Tkatchev; M Tobin; S Todorovova; B Tome; A Tonazzo; P Tortosa; P Travnicek; D Treille; G Tristram; M Trochimczuk; C Troncon; M-L Turluer; I A Tyapkin; P Tyapkin; S Tzamarias; V Uvarov; G Valenti; P Van Dam; J Van Eldik; N van Remortel; I Van Vulpen; G Vegni; F Veloso; W Venus; P Verdier; V Verzi; D Vilanova; L Vitale; V Vrba; H Wahlen; A J Washbrook; C Weiser; D Wicke; J Wickens; G Wilkinson; M Winter; M Witek; O Yushchenko; A Zalewska; P Zalewski; D Zavrtanik; V Zhuravlov; N I Zimin; A Zintchenko; M Zupan

2009-01-01

46

ProSound News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ProSound News is an online source for news and information in all facets of the recording industry. News articles are added frequently throughout each business day. In addition to providing appropriate news coverage, the site also features classifieds and an industry calendar. The archives of their news section contains news dating back to 2003. ProSound News is a service of United Entertainment Media.

2006-11-27

47

News Media.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The news media informs, challenges, questions, and aggravates. It affects the way we look at domestic and foreign policy and shapes our view of events and our ability to address the problems of the world. It is part of the national security structure of o...

B. Flory G. Demandante M. DeYoung M. Forte W. Bowman

2001-01-01

48

News Flash!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity illustrates the interrelationship between science and engineering in the context of extinction prevention. There are two parts to the activity. The first part challenges students to think like scientists as they generate reports on endangered species and give presentations worthy of a news channel or radio broadcast. The second part puts students in the shoes of engineers, designing ways to help the endangered species.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

49

Secrecy News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) Project on Government Secrecy, which works to "challenge excessive government secrecy and to promote public oversight," has recently launched this email publication. Distributed two to three times per week, Secrecy News contains stories on recent developments in secrecy and security policy and links to new materials placed on the FAS Website. A subscription form is provided at the site.

50

CRCHD - PNP News  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD - PNP News  Back to CRCHD Ongoing Research PNP News PNP News PNRP Press Release October 27, 2005. Director's Update: Patient Navigator Program Reduces Cancer Health Disparities. NCI Cancer Bulletin, August 17, 2004 (vol. 1, no. 33).

51

Dual topological unitarization of hard and soft hadronic cross sections: A new approach to multiparticle production at hadron colliders in the TeV energy range.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The dual topological unitarization of hard and soft hadronic collisions is formulated as a Monte-Carlo event generator for events containing both the soft (low p(perpendicular)) and hard (jets, minijets) component of hadron production. The parameters of t...

J. Ranft K. Hahn P. Aurenche P. Maire F. Bopp

1987-01-01

52

A Comprehensive Study on the Soft-Error Rate of Flip-Flops From 90-nm Production Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a study using alpha- and neutron-accelerated tests to characterize the soft error rate (SER) of flip-flops (FFs) that are used in 90-nm CMOS production designs. The investigated FFs differ in circuit schematic, threshold voltage (VT), drive strength, and cell height. Both the alpha- and the neutron-induced SER of FFs on a dedicated 90-nm test chip showed a

Tino Heijmen; Philippe Roche; Gilles Gasiot; Keith R. Forbes; Damien Giot

2007-01-01

53

Lithium Production on a Low-Mass Secondary in a Black Hole Soft X-Ray Transient  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine production of Li on the surface of a low-mass secondary in a black hole soft X-ray transient (BHSXT) through the spallation of CNO nuclei by neutrons which are ejected from a hot (>10 MeV) advection-dominated accretion flow (ADAF) around the black hole. Using updated binary parameters, cross sections of neutron-induced spallation reactions, and mass accretion rates in ADAFs

Shin-ichiro Fujimoto; Ryuichi Matsuba; Kenzo Arai

2008-01-01

54

Production of novel materials for 157-nm and 193-nm soft pellicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The introduction of 157nm lithography has raised many issues, not the least of which is the requirement of a new material for soft pellicle. At 157nm, the incident energy of 7.9 eV is enough to break any single organic bond. This makes the design of a soft pellicle material quite a challenge. Additionally, previous work in the industry has shown that improving transparency does not necessarily translate into longer pellicle lifetimes. Based on extensive investigation of how existing materials are degrading in the VUV, these new polymer systems have been produced. This study shares detailed structural information about several novel materials developed for use as soft pellicles. Additionally, data is shown for material properties including transmission and lifetime of films under 157 nm and 193 nm exposures.

Zimmerman, Paul A.; van Peski, Chris; Miller, Daniel; Callahan, Ryan P.; Cashion, Matthew

2004-05-01

55

Variability of antibiotic susceptibility and toxin production of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from skin, soft tissue, and bone related infections  

PubMed Central

Background Staphylococcus aureus is an opportunistic commensal bacterium that mostly colonizes the skin and soft tissues. The pathogenicity of S. aureus is due to both its ability to resist antibiotics, and the production of toxins. Here, we characterize a group of genes responsible for toxin production and antibiotic resistance of S. aureus strains isolated from skin, soft tissue, and bone related infections. Results A total of 136 S. aureus strains were collected from five different types of infection: furuncles, pyomyositis, abscesses, Buruli ulcers, and osteomyelitis, from hospital admissions and out-patients in Benin. All strains were resistant to benzyl penicillin, while 25% were resistant to methicillin, and all showed sensitivity to vancomycin. Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) was the most commonly produced virulence factor (70%), followed by staphylococcal enterotoxin B (44%). Exfoliative toxin B was produced by 1.3% of the strains, and was only found in isolates from Buruli ulcers. The tsst-1, sec, and seh genes were rarely detected (?1%). Conclusions This study provides new insight into the prevalence of toxin and antibiotic resistance genes in S. aureus strains responsible for skin, soft tissue, and bone infections. Our results showed that PVL was strongly associated with pyomyositis and osteomyelitis, and that there is a high prevalence of PVL-MRSA skin infections in Benin.

2013-01-01

56

Soft X-ray production by photon scattering in pulsating binary neutron star sources  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A new mechanism is proposed as a source of soft (less than 1 keV) radiation in binary pulsating X-ray sources, in the form of photon scattering which leaves the electron in an excited Landau level. In a plasma with parameters typical of such sources, the low-energy X-ray emissivity of this mechanism far exceeds that of bremsstrahlung. This copious source of soft photons is quite adequate to provide the seed photons needed to explain the power-law hard X-ray spectrum by inverse Comptonization on the hot electrons at the base of the accretion column.

Bussard, R. W.; Meszaros, P.; Alexander, S.

1985-01-01

57

Localising News: Translation and the "Global-National" Dichotomy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Due to the peculiar nature of news texts, the adoption of a theory of "localisation" rather than conventional translation theories accounts more easily for both the commercial nature and the global scale of news distribution. News texts are global products which are distributed through a localisation process involving not only reception by locales…

Orengo, Alberto

2005-01-01

58

Wastewater from the soft drinks industry as a source for bioethanol production.  

PubMed

Wastewaters from the soft drinks industry were examined as media for producing bioethanol using yeast-mediated fermentation. Fermentation assays were performed using cola-type, orange and lemon-lime soft drinks and the biomass, sugar and ethanol levels were monitored over time. The effect of the addition of yeast extract was evaluated; the results indicated that 15 g/L is a suitable value for successful fermentation. Depletion of the sugars contained in the soft drinks (10-12% w/v) was achieved in less than 12 h when the medium was inoculated with 2 g/L of Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. Windsor. Ethanol yields were close to the theoretical values. The performance of several kinetic models was evaluated, and their parameters were determined. A model including inhibition by ethanol enabled the best adjustment of the experimental results in all assayed media. Some soft drinks include sodium benzoate in their formulae, the effect of which on yeast metabolism is discussed. PMID:23567674

Isla, Miguel A; Comelli, Raúl N; Seluy, Lisandro G

2013-05-01

59

ENN: Environmental News Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental News Network (ENN) offers original news content, source affiliate news and filter articles from a variety of news streams, including major wire services, numerous partners, contributors, freelance journalists, and research associates from around the world. Site materials include news stories and press releases on environmental themes (current and archived), commentary and editorials, an image of the day, and a spotlighted feature story. Topics include animals, agriculture, ecosystems, energy issues, climate and pollution, and many others.

60

In vitro screening of potential probiotic activities of selected lactobacilli isolated from unpasteurized milk products for incorporation into soft cheese.  

PubMed

The aim was to select potentially probiotic lactobacilli from 88 strains isolated from unpasteurized milk and cheese products, and to incorporate these bacteria in a viable state into a soft cheese, without changing its quality. The survival of these bacteria was assessed in acidic and bile conditions, after freezing at -80 degrees C. Four strains from unpasteurized Camembert--two Lactobacillus plantarum strains and two Lb. paracasei/casei strains--were identified and typed by PCR and PFGE and were found to display potentially probiotic characteristics in addition to resistance to low pH and bile. These characteristics were resistance to lysozyme, adhesion to CACO-2 cells, antimicrobial effects against common foodborne pathogens (Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella spp., Escherichia coli, innocuity following the ingestion of high doses by mice and appropriate antibiotic susceptibility profiles. The potential of Lb. plantarum strain UCMA 3037 for incorporation into a soft cheese (Pont-l'Eveque registered designation of origin (RDO)) was investigated. This strain grew well and survived in sufficient numbers (more than 10(7) cfu/g throughout the shelf-life of the product) in the cheese. This strain did not change the quality score of the product until the best before date (75 days after manufacture). Thus, unpasteurized Camembert is a natural source of potentially probiotic lactobacilli, which could be used as an additive in the development of potentially probiotic soft cheeses. Further work is required to demonstrate the persistence and efficacy of these strains in the human host upon ingestion. PMID:15605712

Coeuret, Valérie; Gueguen, Micheline; Vernoux, Jean Paul

2004-11-01

61

Soft photon production in central 200 GeV/nucleon {sup 32}S + Au collisions  

SciTech Connect

Inclusive photons of low transverse momenta have been measured in 200 GeV/nucleon {sup 32}S+Au collisions at the CERN SPS. Data were taken in the WA93 experiment using a small acceptance BGO detector with longitudinal segmentation. The results are compared to WA80 measurements for the same system and results from hadron decay calculations. An excess of soft photons over the expectations from neutral meson decays is observed. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Aggarwal, M.M.; Bhatia, V.S.; Mittra, I.S. [University of Panjab, Chandigarh 160014, UT (India)] [University of Panjab, Chandigarh 160014, UT (India); Angelis, A.L.; Doenni, P.; Durieux, E.; Foka, P.; Izycki, M.; Kalechofsky, H.; Martin, M.; Naef, H.; Rosselet, L.; Rubio, J.M.; Solomey, N.; Ster, A. [University of Geneva, CH-1211 Geneva 4 (Switzerland)] [University of Geneva, CH-1211 Geneva 4 (Switzerland); Antonenko, V.; Fokin, S.; Ippolitov, M.; Karadjev, K.; Lebedev, A.; Manko, V.; Nikolaev, S.; Vinogradov, A. [Kurchatov Institute, RU-123182 Moscow (Russia)] [Kurchatov Institute, RU-123182 Moscow (Russia); Awes, T.C.; Obenshain, F.E.; Plasil, F.; Saini, S.; Young, G.R. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6372 (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6372 (United States); Badyal, S.K.; Devanand, L.; Kachroo, S.; Rao, N.K.; Sambyal, S.S. [University of Jammu, Jammu 180001 (India)] [University of Jammu, Jammu 180001 (India); Barlag, C.; Blume, C.; Bock, D.; Bohne, E.; Bucher, D.; Claussen, A.; Clewing, G.; Glasow, R.; Hartig, M.; Hoelker, G.; Kampert, K.; Langheinrich, J.; Peitzmann, T.; Santo, R.; Stueken, D.; Weber, S. [University of Muenster, D-48149 Muenster (Germany)] [University of Muenster, D-48149 Muenster (Germany); Bhalla, K.B.; Gupta, S.K.; Kumar, V.; Lokanathan, S.; Mookerjee, S.; Raniwala, S. [University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302004, Rajasthan (India)] [University of Rajasthan, Jaipur 302004, Rajasthan (India); Buijs, A.; Geurts, F.; Kamermans, R.; Twenhoefel, C.; van Eijndhoven, N.; van Heeringen, E. [University of Utrecht, NL-3508 TA Utrecht (The Netherlands)] [University of Utrecht, NL-3508 TA Utrecht (The Netherlands); Chattopadhyay, S.; Das, A.C.; Dutta Majumdar, M.R.; Ganti, M.S.; Ghosh, T.K.; Nayak, S.K.; Sinha, B.C.; Trivedi, M.D.; Viyogi, Y.P. [Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, Calcutta 700 064 (India)] [Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, Calcutta 700 064 (India); Garpman, S.; Gustafsson, H.; Nystrand, J.; Oskarsson, A.; Otterlund, I.; Soederstroem, K.; Stenlund, E. [University of Lund, S-223 62 (Sweden)] [University of Lund, S-223 62 (Sweden); Gutbrod, H.H.; Kolb, B.W.; Langbein, I.; Purschke, M.; Roters, B.; Schmidt, H.R.; Sorensen, S.P.; Steinhaeuser, P. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI), D-64220 Darmstadt (Germany)] [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI), D-64220 Darmstadt (Germany); Xiaochun, H. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States)] [University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Loehner, H.; Siemssen, R.; Slegt, S. [KVI, University of Groningen, (Netherlands)] [KVI, University of Groningen, (Netherlands)

1997-08-01

62

Lithium Production in Hot Advection-dominated Accretion Flows in Soft X-Ray Transients  

Microsoft Academic Search

High Li abundances have been reported in the late-type secondaries of five soft X-ray transients (SXTs): V404 Cyg, A0620-00, GS 2000+25, Nova Mus 1991, and Cen X-4. Since Li is likely to be depleted in stars of this type, the origin of the Li is puzzling. Li has not been seen in similar secondaries of cataclysmic variables, which suggests that

Insu Yi; Ramesh Narayan

1997-01-01

63

Negotiating fragmented women's news: state, market and feminism in contemporary Chinese media  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to explain the reasons for the transformation of women's news in contemporary China. It concludes that in comparison with women news's in the Maoist period, present-day women's news is represented in a fragmented way. This article analyses the differences among the individual, professional, and institutional aspects in news production, while emphasizing the complicated interaction among feminism, state,

Yang Chen

2009-01-01

64

[Natural biopolymers as excipients in medicinal product dosage form. Part I. Soft gelatin capsules as a modern and elegant pharmaceutical dosage form].  

PubMed

Soft gelatin capsules (Softgels) are modern and effective pharmaceutical dosage form for the administration of many medicinal products and food supplements formulations. In this short article major advantages and disadvantages of soft gelatin capsules are reviewed. Each step of manufacturing focused on fundamental techniques and requirements for developing and manufacturing technology for soft gelatin capsules is provided. Main role, characteristics, raw material, manufacturing techniques and applications in dosage form of gelatin is discussed. The review of recent advances in softgels are also included. PMID:20649085

Dobrzy?ski, ?ukasz Jerzy; Zgoda, Marian Miko?aj

2010-01-01

65

Aviation News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Whether you're a fan of Airbus or Boeing, Quantas or Aer Lingus, this website provides very thorough coverage of the airline industry. The Flight Global group's motto is "serious about aviation", and it shows on their homepage, where visitors can find over thirteen sections dedicated to air transport, helicopters, training, and spaceflight. The more casual user may just wish to click on a few of the "Latest News Headlines", but dedicated aeronautics devotees may wish to sign up for their e-newsletter and their RSS feed. Moving down the site's homepage, visitors can cruise on in to the "What's Hot" area and the "Jobs" section, which might be useful for future members of a flight crew or those looking to make a more dramatic career change. Of course, any visit to this site would be woefully incomplete if visitors didn't take a look at profiles of the Airbus 380, the Boeing 747, and many other planes in the "Dynamic Aircraft Profiles" area of the site.

66

eFinancial News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

eFinancial News is the Web-based version of the reputable print publication Financial News, one of the leading sources of news and information about investment banking, securities, and fund management in Europe. Along with much of the content from Financial News, the site also contains a news service of up-to-date securities news and information. The most current news stories are posted on the main page, and subject-specific news sections are available on the left side of the screen. After a painless, free registration, users have access to the content of the entire site, including a searchable archive of past feature articles; People Moves, a "comprehensive database of industry job moves"; and career information. Registered users may also choose to sign up for a variety of email alerts.

67

DCP News Archives  

Cancer.gov

News Archives News about scientific advances in cancer prevention, program activities and projects are listed: View All  |  2014-2010  |  2009-2001 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 Adapting the Science of Supplements

68

Figuring Out Health News  

MedlinePLUS

... reports often focus on people's personal stories, not scientific studies. Personal stories are interesting, but often they don' ... is whether the news is based on a scientific study. Knowing there's a study behind the news is ...

69

NatureNews  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

NatureNews is the science news website of the journal Nature. The site provides a daily summary of news about research and discoveries in life, physical and applied sciences, and clinical medicine. Materials include a daily top story, featured stories, videos, a news blog, and event announcements. There are also longer format reports, opinion features, podcasts, and an archive of past issues organized by year and month.

70

Higgs boson production with one bottom quark including higher-order soft-gluon corrections  

SciTech Connect

A Higgs boson produced in association with one or more bottom quarks is of great theoretical and experimental interest to the high-energy community. A precise prediction of its total and differential cross section can have a great impact on the discovery of a Higgs boson with large bottom-quark Yukawa coupling, like the scalar (h{sup 0} and H{sup 0}) and pseudoscalar (A{sup 0}) Higgs bosons of the minimal supersymmetric standard model in the region of large tan{beta}. In this paper we apply the threshold resummation formalism to determine both differential and total cross sections for bg{yields}b{phi} (where {phi}=h{sup 0},H{sup 0}), including up to next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order soft plus virtual QCD corrections at next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy. We present results for both the Fermilab Tevatron and the CERN Large Hadron Collider.

Field, B.; Reina, L.; Jackson, C. B. [Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306-4350 (United States); Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York, 11973-5000 (United States)

2007-10-01

71

Global Warming News Zone  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This news page, provided by space.com, posts news stories and other current information related to global warming. Touching on topics ranging from industrial pollution to jet contrails to glacier meltings, this Website attempts to centralize news about many of the recent advances in our understanding of global warming. In many cases, news articles mention the scientific resource(s) upon which the findings are based, serving as a helpful hint for readers wishing to delve deeper into the science behind the news story.

1999-01-01

72

Drift tube soft-landing for the production and characterization of materials: Applied to Cu clusters  

SciTech Connect

We have recently developed a soft-landing (SL) instrument that is capable of depositing ions onto substrates for preparative and developmental research of new materials using a laser ablation source. This instrument was designed with a custom drift tube and a split-ring ion optic for the isolation of selected ions. The drift tube allows for the separation and thermalization of ions formed after laser ablation through collisions with an inert bath gas. These collisions allow the ions to be landed at energies below 1 eV onto substrates. The split-ring ion optic is capable of directing ions toward the detector or a landing substrate for selected components. Experiments will be shown ablating Cu using an Nd:YAG (1064 and 532 nm) for cluster formation and landing onto a muscovite (mica) surface. The laser ablation of Cu in 8 Torr of He gas gives a spectrum that contains multiple peaks corresponding to Cu{sub n}, Cu{sub n}O{sub m} clusters, and their corresponding isomers. Atomic force microscopy and drift tube measurements were performed to characterize the performance characteristics of the instrument.

Davila, Stephen J.; Birdwell, David O.; Verbeck, Guido F. [Department of Chemistry, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas 76201 (United States)

2010-03-15

73

News & Announcements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

News from Journal House

National Chemistry Week (NCW)

National Chemistry Week Celebrating Chemistry and Art is the theme of NCW 2001, to be held November 4-10, 2001. As you make plans for participating in the celebrations in your area, keep in mind that JCE is developing special materials on this theme, which will appear in our October issue: Classroom Activities, a comprehensive Illustrated Resource Paper, Report from Online, specially written brief articles illustrated in color, articles related to the theme, and CLIPs (Chemical Laboratory Information Profiles).

Awards Announced

Passer Award

Passer Award recipients from the April 1 closing date are:
  • George Bennett, Millikin University, Decatur, IL
  • Daniel Berger, Bluffton College, Bluffton, OH
  • Karen Dunlap, Sierra College, Rocklin, CA
  • Myung-Hoon Kim, Georgia Perimeter College, Dunwoody, GA
  • Cheryl Longfellow, Philadelphia University, Philadelphia, PA
  • Jerry Maas, Oakton Community College, Des Plaines, IL
  • Tim Royappa, University of West Florida, Pensacola, FL

Visiting Scientist Award, Western Connecticut Section

Diane Bunce, The Catholic University of America, has been selected as the 2001 Visiting Scientist of the Western Connecticut Section of the ACS. The award, presented annually since 1967, brings an outstanding chemical educator to visit high schools in Fairfield County, CT. In May, Bunce visited three high schools, Christian Heritage School, Fairfield High School, and Greenwich High School, where she interacted with teachers and students and presented lectures and demonstrations to several chemistry classes. She was also keynote speaker at the ACS local section's Education Night. The awardee is selected by a committee of university and high school teachers, industrial chemists, and the previous Visiting Scientist; there is an honorarium of 1500 plus expenses.

Welch Award

Roger D. Kornberg, a professor of structural biology at the Stanford University School of Medicine, received the 2001 Welch Award for his discovery of the nucleosome and establishing its role in gene regulation; for his discovery of a giant complex of 20 proteins known as the "Mediator", which regulates the transcription process; and for determining the atomic structure of RNA polymerase II. The 300,000 award salutes Kornberg's lifetime contributions to biochemistry.

NSTA Teacher Awards

During its 2001 national convention the National Science Teachers Association presented prizes and awards to teachers for their exemplary teaching practices and commitment to quality science education. Many appear below.
Distinguished Service to Science Education Award
  • JoAnne Vasquez, Science Consultant, Gilbert, AZ
  • Richard F. Duncan, Beaverton Administrative Center, Beaverton, OR
  • Mitchell E. Batoff, New Jersey City University, Jersey City, NJ
Distinguished Informal Science Education Award
  • Al Stenstrup, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI
Ciba Specialty Chemicals Education Foundation Exemplary Science Teaching Award, High School Level
  • Gerald Friday, Marquette High School, Milwaukee, WI
Gustav Ohaus Innovations in Science Teaching, High School
  • Mark Stefanski, Marin Academy, San Rafael, CA (first place)
  • James A. Szoka, Clarke County Hi

    2001-08-01

74

News & Announcements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

News from Journal House

Guidelines for Submission The Journal's current Guide to Submissions can be found on pages 29-30 of this issue. They have been streamlined a bit and also include a handy check list. This information is also available on JCE Online at http://jchemed.chem.wisc.edu/Journal/Authors/. Wanted: Demo Checkers The Tested Demonstrations column needs people who like to try out demos. Column editor Ed Vitz is looking for additional volunteers to serve as "checkers" for manuscripts that have been submitted to the Journal for possible publication as Tested Demonstrations. A checker is expected to perform two functions: to review the manuscript for accuracy and novelty, and to attempt to perform the demonstration according to the procedure supplied by the author. Checkers may suggest important improvements in demonstration procedures, and for their efforts they are cited in the byline when the manuscript is published. For instance, the demo showing the yellow cascading precipitates (lead iodide) made from potassium iodide and lead nitrate was submitted by Wobbe de Vos and checked by Kim Kostka. The (yellow) cascading precipitates are from "Using Large Glass Cylinders To Demonstrate Chemical Reactions" that appeared in the April 1999 issue of JCE. We prefer that checkers begin the review process (which may in some cases involve procuring supplies) very soon after being contacted so that their review can be completed in the timely manner that authors deserve. Checkers are usually teachers who routinely present lecture demonstrations in their classes in either high school or colleges. We try not to call on checkers more often than once a year, which is one of the reasons for this request. Another is that we lose many highly valued, experienced checkers to retirement or other endeavors. Prospective checkers may want to look at a copy of the JCE Tested Demonstration Evaluation Form. It can be found on the Web at http://www.kutztown.edu/ vitz/TD/TDhome.html. This site also has links to JCE guidelines for prospective authors. Volunteers should contact Vitz by the medium of their preference: Ed Vitz, Editor, Tested Demonstrations, Journal of Chemical Education, Department of Chemistry, Kutztown University, Kutztown, PA 19530; phone: 610/683-4443; fax: 610/683-1352; email: vitz@kutztown.edu.

Awards Announced

ACS Regional Awards in High School Chemistry Teaching The American Chemical Society has announced winners of regional awards in high school chemistry teaching for 1999. Winners have demonstrated excellence in teaching, exceptional ability to challenge and inspire students, extracurricular work, and willingness to keep up to date in the field. The award consists of two certificates (one for the recipient, the other for display at the recipient's school) and a cash prize of 1,000.
  • Thomas W. Adams, Indiana Academy for Science, Mathematics & Humanities at Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana: Central Region
  • Arthur J. Crumm, Barstow School, Kansas City, Missouri: Midwest Region
  • Esther H. Freeman, Tabb High School, Yorktown, Virginia: Southeast Region
  • Joan A. Laredo-Liddell, St. Barnabas High School, Bronx, New York: Middle Atlantic Region, 1998
  • David T. Lee, Mountain Lakes High School, Mountain Lakes, New Jersey: Middle Atlantic Region, 1999
  • Diane Coley McGann, Santa Ana High School, Santa Ana, California: Western Region
  • William J. Pilotte, Newington High School, Newington, Connecticut: Northeast Region
  • Judith C. Seydel, Idaho Falls High School, Idaho Falls, Idaho: Northwest Region
  • Brenda A. Wolpa, Canyon Del Oro High School, Tucson, Arizona: Southwest/Rocky Mountain Region
NSF Distinguished Public Service Award As a part of its celebration in 2000 of its half-century in existence, the National Science Foundation has announced the recipient of its Distinguished Public Service Aw

2000-01-01

75

News & Announcements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

News from Journal House Perspective on JCE Online Recently a reader asked us for a perspective on JCE Onlinehow the chemical education community is receiving it and how the Journal staff itself views it. We share our responses below. Subscriber Numbers How many people subscribe to JCE Online+? As of June 1, 1999, our records show that 13% of individual JCE subscriptions in the USA include JCE Online+. This percentage has increased significantly during the past year- in June 1998 it was approximately 4% and December 1998 about 7%. Almost all subscribers to JCE Online subscribe to print as well. Since JCE Online has only very recently been made available to institutional subscribers, there are no numbers to report. There has been considerable interest in online from libraries. Given that JCE Online+ is a fairly recent subscriber option and that many subscribers have a wait-and-see approach to any new option, we feel that the numbers above are quite high. The steady growth is encouraging. Online Usage How many people visit our Web site? Statistics for the period January 1, 1999, through May 31, 1999, that may be of interest include:

Total Pages Served 361,115

Total Visits 138,377

Total Unique Visitors 51,744

Total Repeat Visitors 11,536

Average Visit Length 03:05

Average Requests/Visit 10.8

Average Pages/Visit 2.6

Average Daily Visits 916 Online Rationale and Expectations JCE Online is a very important part of the whole Journal, but we do not expect it to supplant print: online and print are very different media. Usage of JCE Online is growing steadily; our subscribers are realizing what we have learned: it is not possible to deliver the Journal in the print medium alone- print is no longer adequate to accomplish our mission. Examples of things not possible in print include:

·JCE Index to all 76 years of Journal issues, available all the time with responses within seconds.

·Supplementary materials that are important to only a limited number of our subscribers; materials that augment laboratory experiments are a good example.

·Supplementary videos, such as the videos, still images, and excerpts from interviews with nuclear chemists that give fuller meaning to the Viewpoints article "Chemistry of the Heaviest Elements- One Atom at a Time" referred to below.

·Internet feature columns are more effective in a dynamic medium. Two that are in place are Mathcad in the Chemistry Curriculum (edited by Theresa Zielinski) and Conceptual Questions and Challenge Problems (edited by William Robinson and Susan Nurrenbern).

·Buyers Guides have their content updated often and link to other useful sites. There is one for books and software and another for supplies and equipment. Elements Added to Periodic Table Two new transuranic elements have been added to the list in the Viewpoints article "Chemistry of the Heaviest ElementsOne Atom at a Time" by Darleane C. Hoffman and Diana M. Lee (JCE, 1999, 76, 331). The new elements have atomic numbers 118 and 116. The path to the discovery of these elements was predicted by Robert Smolanczuk, a young Polish theorist whose calculations led him to conclude that a lead-krypton collision technique could produce element 118, which then decays to element 116. Others questioned his results, but Hoffman invited him to join the team at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and a decision was made to try out his ideas. The result was almost complete verification of Smolanczuk's calculations. The experimental team was headed by Kenneth E. Gregorich; Darleane Hoffman is one of 15 codiscoverers of element 118. Aw

1999-08-01

76

Lithium Production on a Low-Mass Secondary in a Black Hole Soft X-Ray Transient  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We examine production of Li on the surface of a low-mass secondary in a black hole soft X-ray transient (BHSXT) through the spallation of CNO nuclei by neutrons which are ejected from a hot (>10 MeV) advection-dominated accretion flow (ADAF) around the black hole. Using updated binary parameters, cross sections of neutron-induced spallation reactions, and mass accretion rates in ADAFs derived from the spectrum fitting of multiwavelength observations of quiescent BHSXTs, we obtain the equilibrium abundances of Li by equating the production rate of Li and the mass transfer rate through accretion to the black hole. The resulting abundances are found to be in good agreement with the observed values in seven BHSXTs. We note that the abundances vary on a timescale longer than a few months in our model. Moreover, the isotopic ratio 6Li/7Li is calculated to be about 0.7-0.8 on the secondaries, which is much higher than the ratio measured in meteorites. Detection of such a high value is favorable to the production of Li via spallation and the existence of a hot accretion flow, rather than an accretion disk corona system in quiescent BHSXTs.

Fujimoto, Shin-ichiro; Matsuba, Ryuichi; Arai, Kenzo

2008-01-01

77

Frontier News: Forest Frontiers Initiative  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Frontier News is World Resources Institute's online news service tracking "threats to and development in the world's large, intact natural forests." Updated weekly, Frontier News offers recent news articles on Africa, Asia, Europe & Russia, North & Central America, Oceania (Papua New Guinea, Australia, and New Zealand), and South America. General news stories and editorials highlight frontier forests, and emphasize concerns of the Forest Frontiers Initiative.

78

Multiparticle production in deep inelastic lepton scattering and soft proton proton collisions  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate how the theoretical knowledge about multiparticle production in deep inelastic lepton scattering can be incorporated into a multistring model for low p/sub t/ proton proton collisions. 25 refs., 8 figs.

Werner, K.

1987-06-01

79

Soft Leather Substitute Materials and Their Impact on the International Leather and Leather Products Trade.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report covers (1) definition, classification of leather materials (2) economic aspects; availability of raw hides and skins; prices, market (3) reasons for leather substitution (4) production of simulated leather: research and development; raw materi...

B. Lunden F. Schmel

1984-01-01

80

NewsWatch: A Consumer's Guide to the News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Media and Public Affairs, a nonpartisan research organization that conducts scientific analyses of the media, has recently launched NewsWatch, a new daily Web magazine created for news consumers, promising to "tell you when [news is] accurate, when it's wrong, and why." NewsWatch contains several sections: Today's News, a daily news summary from NewsWatch editors; Media Critic, a daily digest of news about the news media from leading media critics; Spotlight, feature articles analyzing the news media; Resources, a collection of links to online media publications, watchdog organizations, and research institutions; and Talk Back, a directory of news organizations for consumers who want to provide feedback directly to news agencies. The entire site is searchable by keyword(s).

81

Phase relationship of the circadian rhythms of feed intake, caecal motility and production of soft and hard faeces in domestic rabbits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary In rabbits kept under 12: 12 h light conditions, caecal contractions were recorded by implanted strain gauges or induction coils. In animals fed ad libitum caecal contraction frequency varied cyclically in phase with the circadian rhythm of feed intake. Both had their minimum during the time of soft faeces production. Thus all 3 functions seem to depend on the

H. Hörnicke; G. Ruoff; Barbara Vogt; W. Clauss; H.-J. Ehrlein

1984-01-01

82

News & Announcements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

News from Journal House

Journal Ambassadors, 1999 What do the people listed below have in common? A search of our records indicates that each has been a participant in our Journal Ambassador program during 1999.
  • Guy Anderson
  • Jim Becvar
  • Jerry Bell
  • Jim Birk
  • Diane Bunce
  • Ann Cartwright
  • Thomas Clark
  • Jane Crosby
  • Maria Dean
  • Art Ellis
  • Donald Elswick
  • Tommy Franklin
  • Babu George
  • Paul Heath
  • Angela Hoffman
  • Lynn Hogue
  • J. J. Lagowski
  • Frank Lambert
  • Dorothy Lehmkuhl
  • George Lelevre
  • Scott Luaders
  • Jane McMullen
  • Marci Merritt
  • Carl Minnier
  • Richard Narske
  • Ron Perkins
  • Gabriel Pinto
  • Dick Potts
  • Herb Retcofsky
  • Jerry Sarquis
  • Elke Schoffers
  • Sara Selfe
  • Uni Susskind
  • J. Mark Tolman
  • John Varine
  • Dawn Wakeley
  • Marla White
Those who are a part of this program take materials about the Journal to workshops, outreach programs, seminars, regional meetings, award nights, short courses, and other events at home and abroad, places where people who are interested in chemical education gather. Given about three weeks notice, we can outfit you with a variety of materials that will help others get tuned in to the good things that are happening in chemical education. We can send you an assortment of Journal issues, subscription forms, our Publications/Software Catalog, reprints from the Viewpoints series, copies of Classroom Activities, or JCE Gift Award Certificates, assuming that supplies are available. Of course we can arrange for the group to have temporary access to JCE Online. We can send you a brochure about the Ambassador program or answer any questions - just ask: email to jce@chem.wisc.edu; phone 1-800-991-5534 (U.S.) or 608-262-5153 (non-U.S.); fax 608-265-8094. If by chance you were a Journal Ambassador in 1999 but your name was not included, just let us know so that you can be recognized in a future column. Gift Subscription Awards As spring, the season of awards, approaches, we remind you of our handy Gift Certificates (a replica is shown on page 142). A gift of the Journal is not only affordable (gift subscriptions are 37/year (U.S.), 50/year (non-U.S.), but has lasting value. This is a really good way to help someone just starting out on a teaching career. An idea worth sharing comes from Carl Minnier of Essex Community College in Baltimore. He is chair of the Student Awards Committee of the Maryland Section of the ACS. This section has asked for 25 certificates because they honor annually an outstanding student from each of the two-year and four-year colleges within the territory of the Maryland Section. Want another interesting idea: give a one-year subscription to each Undergraduate Research Symposium participant. Classroom Activities for Outreach Many of our readers are involved with outreach programsindividually in their child's class, in a regional group that visits schools, in a van program, or as a demonstrator at their local science museum. Many readers have enthusiastically reported that our Classroom Activities series is a great resource for such programs. Since the Activities are designed for a high school classroom or lab (Activity 24 in this continuing series can be found in this issue), they are purposely not demanding of equipment, facilities, or time. But outreach activities often take place in very restricted environments, perhaps without sinks or electricity, sometimes with limited table space. So that we can provide timely advice in recommending activities for you to take "on the road", Nancy Gettys and Erica Jacobsen of the Journal staff have done an analysis of each, recommending whether it might be done

2000-02-01

83

Soft qubit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A model of a soft qubit is offered. It is a system reproducing the information properties of a quantum object that carries a qubit of information. At the same time, a soft qubit can be implemented as a computer program.

Slavnov, D. A.

2014-05-01

84

Consumption of bakery products, sweetened soft drinks and yogurt among children aged 6-7 years: association with nutrient intake and overall diet quality.  

PubMed

The present study tests the hypothesis that higher consumption of bakery products, sweetened soft drinks and yogurt is associated with higher intake of energy, saturated fats, sugars and worse overall diet quality among Spanish children. This is a cross-sectional study covering 1112 children aged 6.0-7.0 years in four Spanish cities. Nutrient and food intake were obtained through a food-frequency questionnaire, and overall diet quality calculated using the healthy-eating index (HEI) developed by Kennedy et al. (1995). Standardized methods were used to measure anthropometric variables. Associations of interest were summarized as the difference in nutrient and food consumption between the value of the fifth and the first quintile of consumption (dq) of bakery products, sweetened soft drinks or yogurt, adjusted for energy intake and BMI. Bakery products, sweetened soft drinks and yogurt supplied 15.5, 1.0 and 5.6 % energy intake respectively. Higher consumption of these three foods was associated with greater energy intake (P<0.001), but not with higher BMI. Consumption of bakery products was associated with the proportion of energy derived from intake of total carbohydrates (dq 4.5 %, P<0.001) and sugars (dq 2 %, P<0.001), but did not show association with the HEI. Consumption of sweetened soft drinks was associated with a lower consumption of milk (dq -88 ml, P<0.001) and Ca (dq -175 mg/d, P<0.001), and worse HEI (dq -2, P<0.01). Consumption of yogurt, while associated with higher energy intake from saturated fats (dq 1.77 %, P<0.001) and sugars (dq 2.02 %, P<0.001), showed no association with the HEI. Differences in the intake of nutrients and foods across quintiles of consumption of bakery products, sweetened soft drinks and yogurt were usually very small. We conclude that the impact of the consumption of bakery products, sweetened soft drinks and yogurt on the quality of the diet of Spanish children is only modest, although it may contribute to aggravating certain unhealthy characteristics of their diet, particularly excess energy, saturated fats and sugars. Therefore, consumption of bakery products and sweetened soft drinks should be moderated, and priority given to consumption of low-fat, low-sugar yogurt. PMID:12628036

Rodríguez-Artalejo, Fernando; García, Esther López; Gorgojo, Lydia; Garcés, Carmen; Royo, Miguel Angel; Martín Moreno, José María; Benavente, Mercedes; Macías, Alfonso; De Oya, Manuel

2003-03-01

85

Science 360 News Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Science 360 News Service gathers news "from wherever science is happening." It is a valuable service sponsored by the National Science Foundation featuring video clips, interviews, and solid news reporting. On their homepage, visitors can look over Today's Video, which might feature anything from a nanosponge that can soak up oil spills to new carbon forms. After that, visitors should head on over to the Breaking Story area of the site, which profiles a new story from the world of science. The section What the Blogs Are Saying Today is a great way to stay up to date with breaking science news, as it brings together the latest from NPR, Earthsky, Scientific American, and other high quality resources. Visitors can also click on the Sections heading which includes hundreds of photographs, news videos, and links to a world of other science news sites.

86

EuroNews  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1992 in Lyons, France, EuroNews is a European Broadcasting Union initiative that was started by a group of European public broadcasters interested in providing European viewers with a diverse set of perspectives of regional and international news. The site will be of interest to anyone with an interest in viewing recent news briefs about a number of important topics of relevance, such as political affairs within the European Union, cultural activities, and technological innovations within various parts of the EU. Visitors can also view a weekly schedule for EuroNews, or elect to view the latest news update from EuroNews. As might be expected, the site may be viewed in a number of languages, including German, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, and Russian.

87

Total Bacterial Count in Soft-Frozen Dairy Products by Impedance Biosensor System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to guarantee product safety in the dairy industry, the microbial concentration of food must be ultimately evaluated by means of the standard plate count (SPC) technique, reliable but also slow and difficult to implement in automatic form. On the other hand, detection of bacterial concentration by means of classic impedance microbiology is very attractive due to faster response

Marco Grossi; R. Lazzarini; A. Pompei; D. Matteuzzi; B. Ricco; M. Lanzoni

2009-01-01

88

Analysis of sugar degradation products with ?-dicarbonyl structure in carbonated soft drinks by UHPLC-DAD-MS/MS.  

PubMed

Sugar-sweetened carbonated soft drinks (CSDs) are broadly consumed worldwide. The added sugar, particularly high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS), can be an important source of sugar degradation products, such as ?-dicarbonyl compounds. This study recorded the ?-dicarbonyl profile in CSDs by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography with hyphenated diode array-tandem mass spectrometry after derivatization with o-phenylenediamine. Thus, 3-deoxy-D-erythro-hexos-2-ulose (3-DG), D-lyxo-hexos-2-ulose (glucosone), 3-deoxy-D-threo-hexos-2-ulose (3-DGal), 1-deoxy-D-erythro-hexos-2,3-diulose (1-DG), 3,4-dideoxyglucosone-3-ene (3,4-DGE), methylglyoxal, and glyoxal were identified as major ?-dicarbonyls and, with the exception of glyoxal, quantified (recovery rates, 85.6-103.1%; RSD, 0.8-3.6%). Total ?-dicarbonyl concentration in 25 tested commercial products ranged between 0.3 and 116 ?g/mL and was significantly higher in HFCS-sweetened CSDs compared to CSDs sweetened with HFCS and sucrose or with sucrose alone. Predominant was 3-DG (?87 ?g/mL) followed by glucosone (?21 ?g/mL), 3-DGal (?7.7 ?g/mL), 1-DG (?2.8 ?g/mL), methylglyoxal (?0.62 ?g/mL), and 3,4-DGE (?0.45 ?g/mL). PMID:23452313

Gensberger, Sabrina; Glomb, Marcus A; Pischetsrieder, Monika

2013-10-30

89

Development News: World Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Development News, or DevNews, is the World Bank's daily Web-based newsletter. Available in English, French, and Spanish, DevNews offers feature stories on recent advances and challenges in world development. The newsletter also links to a daily summary of approved loans, speeches given by World Bank officials, an events calendar, and World Bank press releases. Articles from February 1999 to the present can be found in the free archive.

90

Learning to Engage: How Positive Attitudes about the News, Media Literacy, and Video Production Contribute to Adolescent Civic Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students enroll in video production courses in high school as part of a vocational, career, or technical program. While there has been an explosion of scholarly work in digital literacy in informal settings, less is known about how digital and media literacy competencies are developed through school-based video production courses. This study…

Hobbs, Renee; Donnelly, Katie; Friesem, Jonathan; Moen, Mary

2013-01-01

91

News Items - Team Science Toolkit  

Cancer.gov

Skip to main content at the National Institutes of Health www.cancer.gov Home About Team Science About the Toolkit Discover Contribute Connect News & Events About Us News & Events Add News Item Login required Fifth Annual International Science of

92

The separation of fission-product rare elements toward bridging the nuclear and soft energy systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the present state of the art of the separation technology, recycling of fission-product rare elements (FRE) in the FBR spent fuel is discussed. The rad.-waste fractionation is in accordance with the present society's trend toward zero-emission, and the mean of salt-free method utilizing electrochemistry agrees with the principles of the newly established green chemistry. A catalytic electrolytic extraction

Masaki Ozawa; Yoshihiko Shinoda; Yuichi Sano

2002-01-01

93

Enteric coating of soft gelatin capsules by spouted bed: effect of operating conditions on coating efficiency and on product quality.  

PubMed

The present study was conducted in order to analyze the viability of the spouted bed process for application of a gastric-resistant coating to soft gelatin capsules. The variables investigated were: included angle of conical base, (gamma), the relation between the feed mass flow rate of the coating suspension and the feed mass flow rate of spouting gas (W(s)/W(g)); the ratio between the flow rate of the spouting gas and the flow rate at minimum spouting condition (Q/Q(ms)); the mass of capsules in the bed (M(0)), and the capsule's size. The product quality was measured by disintegration tests, traction x deformation tests, image analysis and by the evaluation of the coating mass distribution and shape factor variation during the coating operation. The experiments were performed in a spouted bed with a column diameter of 200 mm and included a conical base angle of 40 degrees. The best coating efficiency values were obtained for M(0)=300 g. Coating efficiency tended to increase with increasing W(s)/W(g) ratio. Disintegration tests showed that the gastric-resistant effect was obtained with a coating mass of 3.86 mg/cm(2). The shape factor increase during the coating operation. The capsule's coating mass distribution tended to maintain the original distribution. PMID:12754006

Pissinati, Rafael; Oliveira, Wanderley Pereira

2003-05-01

94

Working with News Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To work effectively with personnel in the news media, one needs to assist them in doing their job by getting accurate information to them (in plenty of time for their deadline) and in providing information about meetings (when they do not have a reporter to cover the event). Familiarity aids in communication with news media personnel so one should…

Grosenbaugh, Dick

95

News Story Quotes: Verbatim?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study determined what beginning journalists and news reporting students have learned is acceptable to quote, verbatim, in a news story, and where they learned about these guidelines. Results of a questionnaire given to journalism students indicated that most would change direct quotes by adjusting blasphemies, correcting faulty grammar, cleaning…

Davenport, Lucinda

96

NOAA News Releases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

NOAA News, the current awareness page of the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), offers timely articles and links to current news related to the ocean and atmosphere. Alternating feature stories introduce readers to important topics, such as threats to marine mammals, status of fisheries stocks, or the upcoming hurricane season. A series of links points users to further information or other NOAA sites.

1999-01-01

97

BBC News Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

BBC News has entered the Internet news arena in impressive fashion. Their site contains an abundance of news pieces, organized into several sections: Front Page, UK, World, Business, Science/Technology, and Sports. The stories are generally well-written and well-supported graphically with photos and links to relevant sites. Multimedia features include continuously updated RealPlayer broadcasts from BBC Radio Five and daily broadcasts of the BBC Nine O'Clock News at 21.00 GMT. In addition, the site contains Dispatches from correspondents around the world, information on numerous BBC radio and television programs (including a link to BBC World Service online), and Talking Point, an online forum for discussing selected news items. A Cantonese version of the site, requiring special software, is also available.

1997-01-01

98

Size Structure of Marine Soft-Bottom Macrobenthic Communities across Natural Habitat Gradients: Implications for Productivity and Ecosystem Function  

PubMed Central

Size distributions of biotic assemblages are important modifiers of productivity and function in marine sediments. We investigated the distribution of proportional organic biomass among logarithmic size classes (2?6J to 216J) in the soft-bottom macrofaunal communities of the Strait of Georgia, Salish Sea on the west coast of Canada. The study examines how size structure is influenced by 3 fundamental habitat descriptors: depth, sediment percent fines, and organic flux (modified by quality). These habitat variables are uncorrelated in this hydrographically diverse area, thus we examine their effects in combination and separately. Cluster analyses and cumulative biomass size spectra reveal clear and significant responses to each separate habitat variable. When combined, habitat factors result in three distinct assemblages: (1) communities with a high proportion of biomass in small organisms, typical of shallow areas (<10 m) with coarse sediments (<10% fines) and low accumulation of organic material (<3.0 gC/m2/yr/?15N); (2) communities with high proportion of biomass in the largest organisms found in the Strait, typical of deep, fine sediments with high modified organic flux (>3 g C/m2/yr/?15N) from the Fraser River; and (3) communities with biomass dominated by moderately large organisms, but lacking the smallest and largest size classes, typical of deep, fine sediments experiencing low modified organic flux (<3.0 gC/m2/yr/?15N). The remaining assemblages had intermediate habitat types and size structures. Sediment percent fines and flux appear to elicit threshold responses in size structure, whereas depth has the most linear influence on community size structure. The ecological implications of size structure in the Strait of Georgia relative to environmental conditions, secondary production and sediment bioturbation are discussed.

Macdonald, Tara A.; Burd, Brenda J.; van Roodselaar, Albert

2012-01-01

99

Soft drop  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We introduce a new jet substructure technique called "soft drop declustering", which recursively removes soft wide-angle radiation from a jet. The soft drop algorithm depends on two parameters — a soft threshold z cut and an angular exponent ? — with the ? = 0 limit corresponding roughly to the (modified) mass drop procedure. To gain an analytic understanding of soft drop and highlight the ? dependence, we perform resummed calculations for three observables on soft-dropped jets: the energy correlation functions, the groomed jet radius, and the energy loss due to soft drop. The ? = 0 limit of the energy loss is particularly interesting, since it is not only "Sudakov safe" but also largely insensitive to the value of the strong coupling constant. While our calculations are strictly accurate only to modified leading-logarithmic order, we also include a discussion of higher-order effects such as multiple emissions and (the absence of) non-global logarithms. We compare our analytic results to parton shower simulations and find good agreement, and we also estimate the impact of non-perturbative effects such as hadronization and the underlying event. Finally, we demonstrate how soft drop can be used for tagging boosted W bosons, and we speculate on the potential advantages of using soft drop for pileup mitigation.

Larkoski, Andrew J.; Marzani, Simone; Soyez, Gregory; Thaler, Jesse

2014-05-01

100

Rating News Documents for Similarity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of electronic news available on the World Wide Web focuses on a methodology of associating news documents using similarity measures and a name-phrase algorithm to create news representations that can be compared and ranked to find related news items. Considers precision over recall and interactivity with the users. (Author/LRW)

Watters, Carolyn; Wang, Hong

2000-01-01

101

Soft Lithography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soft lithography represents a non-photolithographic strategy based on self- assembly and replica molding for carrying out micro- and nanofabrication. It provides a convenient, effective, and low-cost method for the formation and manufacturing of micro- and nanostructures. In soft lithography, an elastomeric stamp with patterned relief structures on its surface is used to generate patterns and structures with feature sizes ranging

Younan Xia; George M. Whitesides

1998-01-01

102

Internet News Radio  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Internet News Radio (iNR) is an audio news program which uses RealAudio software allowing Internet users to play audio files "on-demand" over the Internet, including through a standard modem connection. Most stories are broadcast in both French and English. Each week major stories relevant to the Internet are covered, as well as related technology news. iNR also offers audio articles containing movie reviews, software reviews, and feature stories. Pointers to Web sites relevant to stories are provided. Note that RealAudio now supports 28.8 modem connections in its 2.0 beta version.

103

InterNIC News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The _NSF Network News_, InterNIC Information Services' bimonthly publication, is now available on the Web. The current issue features an interview with the new Executive Director of the Internet Society, Tony Rutkowski, as well as a full-length article about the new NSFNET architecture, with a topology map; a Regional NIC Report from NorthWestNet about health care providers and the Internet; a news brief on current and pending National Information Infrastructure (NII) legislation, with a table of current legislation and status; and regular features of the _NSF Network News_ such as the InterNIC Event Calendar and updates from InterNIC partners.

1996-01-01

104

NetNewsWire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Keeping tabs on the news (or anything else) online can be a bit overwhelming, so it's nice to know that NetNewsWire can help out. While this RSS reader can perform the usual tasks of fetching and displaying news from thousands of different websites and weblogs, it also includes a weblog editor that allows users to post to a host of different popular blogging sites. The program also features an integrated podcast manager, which will automatically send new podcasts to a selected music jukebox. This version is compatible with computers running Mac OS X 10.4 or greater.

2008-01-01

105

The Russian News Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website, a service of the European Information Network, brings English-language news and background to users each weekday. Russia Today gathers news about Russia, the Confederation of Independent States, and the Baltics. The site offers current headlines (along with the time that they were most recently updated), business news, travel information, and links to local media. New stories are drawn primarily from Reuters. An archive holds back issues. Users who want to stay current on issues affecting these regions will benefit from the professional approach this site brings to coverage.

1995-01-01

106

Conservative News Service (CNS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Media Resource Center, the Conservative News Service aims to give users an alternative to what it calls "a liberal bias in the American news media and a frequent, liberal double-standard in editorial decisions on what constitutes 'news'." It does this via a mix of short digest news articles and longer analytical articles in eight areas, including politics, economics, defense, religion, and culture. The X-Pert/Files/Links section contains links to conservative experts and their institutions in 45 subject areas. In addition, the site includes links to information about several conservative talk shows ("Radio Uplink") and several bulletin boards. CNS was created by MRC Chairman L. Brent Bozell III.

1998-01-01

107

VHL Alliance News  

MedlinePLUS

... Resources › Newsletters Newsletters VHL Alliance News – April-June 2014 Volume 22, Number 2 WHAT’S INSIDE: The CGIP ... October 18-19, 2014, Rockville, MD Recent Newsletters 2014 January-March 2014; Volume 22, Number 1 2013 ...

108

Turning News into Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests young people can respond to news stories and political issues they feel strongly about through poetry, and presents one student's effective use of satire which lets his emotions "leak through" to the reader. (NH)

Otten, Nick; Stelmach, Majorie

1987-01-01

109

World Health News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published by the Center for Health Communication of the Harvard School of Public Health, this online weekly news digest covers stories on public health issues from around the world. Aimed at an international audience of policy makers, journalists, public health researchers, practitioners, and advocates, World Health News blends original reporting with links to stories and editorials from publications worldwide. Currently, the site features a spotlight story on women's rights, health, and equality, as well as synopses and links to stories on the death penalty, AIDS, mental health care for children, environmental hazards, teens and tobacco, and gene therapy, among others. Future plans for the site include video and audio offerings, such as expert interviews and coverage of breaking public health news from "leading news organizations."

110

Understanding Health News  

MedlinePLUS

... For example, a 2010 news story reported that dark chocolate may help guard against brain injury after ... participants similar to you in ways that may matter, such as age, race, or gender? 7. Was ...

111

Green Energy News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bruce Mulliken has been covering news and commentary on the world of clean, efficient, and renewable energy since 1996. His Green Energy News site is geared towards a broad audience that includes the general public, industry professionals, and government officials. First-time visitors will want to look at the "News Stories" on the front page which in recent editions have included pieces on the growing hydrogen economy, the potential of parking lots as a form of solar power, and the possibility of a zero emission electric vehicle with two wheels. Those looking for previous news features can browse the "Archives and Resources" area, which dates back to April 1996. Those looking for "green" events should browse over to the "Events Calendar" section, which provides links to upcoming events such as renewable energy conferences and clean vehicle expos.

Mulliken, Bruce C.

112

Environment News Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environment News Service is a daily international wire service covering issues and events that affect the environment. Topics include legislation, politics, conferences, lawsuits, international agreements, demonstrations, science and technology, public health, air quality, and many others. Site materials include text-based news articles and press releases, videos, information on professional media services, and subscription instructions. There is also a keyword search function that lets users locate material in older articles.

113

news.space  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Science Matters, a company aiming to increase scientific knowledge of every individual, news.space is a gathering of information on current space topics. General knowledge categories include spacecraft, mars, space, and solar; content in each category, most of which consists of hyperlinks to other sites, ranges from news releases to high quality photo images to background information on relevant topics. Chat and Multimedia sections give users the opportunity to visit chat sites, view videos, and listen to recordings.

114

SIAM News Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) online news journal "brings educators and users of mathematics a publication that helps them keep up with the latest developments and issues in their working environment." Released ten times a year, SIAM news includes technical articles, updates about research and scientific breakthroughs, and more. With a broad range of writers and contributors, the publication can be useful for anyone who is part of the math community.

2005-12-13

115

National Geographic News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Every science enthusiast will find countless, fascinating stories at this National Geographic website. The news site covers stories related to adventure and exploration, archaeology and paleontology, kids' news, science and technology, people and culture, the environment, and travel. Users can discover Special Series which cover emerging explorers, oceans, the pulse of the planet, and so much more. The incredible images warrant a visit all by themselves.

116

Science News Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The weekly free online science news magazine, Science News, covers "the most important research in all fields of science" and currently reaches 200,000 subscribers and 1.2 million readers. For example, this week's issue contains seventeen articles, ranging from how scientists are uncovering the secrets behind avalanches to a report on the current Hubble telescope mission. Users can search the magazine archives, freely print each article, and even subscribe via email for each week's issue.

1996-01-01

117

Dual topological unitarization of hard and soft hadronic cross sections: A new approach to multiparticle production at hadron colliders in the TeV energy range  

SciTech Connect

The dual topological unitarization of hard and soft hadronic collisions is formulated as a Monte-Carlo event generator for events containing both the soft (low p{perpendicular}) and hard (jets, minijets) component of hadron production. The parameters of the model are determined from fits to the energy dependence of the total and inelastic hadron cross-sections and from the predictions of the QCD-parton model for the perturbative hard constituent scattering cross sections. The properties of the model are studied. Good agreement of the model predictions is found with data at present accelerator and collider energies. The predictions of the model for TeV colliders are presented. Interesting changes of the produced multiparticle system are formed when selecting classes of events with and without hard jets or minijets. 35 refs., 22 figs., 3 tabs.

Ranft, J.; Hahn, K. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA). SSC Central Design Group); Aurenche, P.; Maire, P. (Grenoble-1 Univ., 74 - Annecy (France). Lab. de Physique des Particules Elementaires); Bopp, F. (Siegen Univ. (Gesamthochschule) (Germany, F.R.). Fachbereich Physik); Capella, A.; Tran Thanh Van, J. (Paris-11 Univ., 91 - Orsay (France). Lab. de Physique Theorique et Particules Elementaires); Kwi

1987-12-01

118

A bend magnet facility for production and application of circularly polarized soft x rays at the Advanced Light Source (abstract)  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Light Source (ALS) is a synchrotron radiation facility based on a low-emittance, 1.5-GeV electron storage ring presently under construction at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, U.S.A. Plans are under way to develop a polarized photon facility at the ALS, exploiting the natural polarization properties of the bend magnet synchrotron radiation. The radiation emitted in the plane of the storage ring is linearly polarized, while above and below the plane it is elliptically polarized. We will utilize these properties to obtain circularly polarized soft x rays. A participating research team (PRT A018) has been formed and is proceeding with the design of a high-resolution beamline in the soft x-ray energy region 100--1500 eV. Intense beams of monochromatic, tunable, pulsed, {ital circularly} polarized photons will become available. We will discuss the physical characteristics of this polarized soft x-ray source. New investigations in biology, materials science, physics, and chemistry will become accessible. Initial experiments using circularly polarized photons in the soft x-ray region are planned in the areas of differential scattering and absorption from chiral molecules and probing the electronic and magnetic properties of magnetic systems. This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DE-AC03-76SF00098).

Bustamante, C. (University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403 (United States)); Chen, C.T.; Sette, F. (AT T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974 (United States)); Howells, M.R.; Hunt, A.J.; Kim, K.J.; Kincaid, B.M.; Maestre, M.F.; Nygren, D.R.; Wong, M. (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)); Snyder, P.A. (Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida 33431 (United States)); Stern, E.A. (University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States))

1992-01-01

119

Understanding Health News: Complementary Health Approaches In the News  

MedlinePLUS

Complementary Health Approaches In the News News stories about complementary approaches to health are often on television, the Internet, ... are confusing, conflicting, or misleading. Missing Information From Health Stories Health stories in the media teach us ...

120

Ttbar production cross section measurement in the muon plus jets channel using soft electron tagging in pp collisions at the center of mass nergy = 8 TeV  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A measurement is made of the top quark pair production cross section through the decay channel tt¯ ? munumu + jets, carried out using the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) detector at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), located at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland. The top quark pair events were produced in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV. To facilitate the detection of tt¯ events, jets produced from bottom quarks, which are decay products of the top quarks, are identified using electrons with low transverse momentum with respect to the beam axis (soft electrons). The dominant background, W + jets production, is estimated using the preferential production of W+ over W- at the LHC. Techniques to measure or estimate the remaining backgrounds, and the identification efficiency of the soft electron technique are also discussed. The final result of this study is stt=228.9+/- 4.8stat+27.7 -27.8syst. +/-10.1lumi pb.

Keller, Jason

121

Physics News Update: The AIP Bulletin of Physics News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The AIP Public Information Division provides the main Physics News site; it contains a browsable archive of the AIP Physics News Update, which provides concise coverage of new developments in physics, graphics "depicting important physics research topics and concepts," and a subset of more in-depth stories about breaking news in physics. Browsable archives are available at the AIP site back to 1993.

1993-01-01

122

Science News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights major science news stories of 1982 reported in "Science News." Categories include space/astronomy, biology, chemistry, medicine, energy, physics, anthropology/paleontology, earth sciences, technology, behavior, science/society, and the environment. (JN)

Science News, 1982

1982-01-01

123

Science News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights important 1983 news stories reported in Science News. Stories are categorized under: anthropology/paleontology; behavior; biology; chemistry; earth sciences; energy; environment; medicine; physics; science and society; space sciences and astronomy; and technology and computers. (JN)

Science News, 1983

1983-01-01

124

Cancer Centers Program - News & Events  

Cancer.gov

Cancer Centers Program - News & Events Home > News & Events > Recent Communications > Archives Communications Archives PLCO Etiology and Early Marker Studies (EEMS) To: Potential EEMS Investigator From: EEMS Coordinating Center Regarding:

125

Space Science News Headlines: NASA  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) keeps the public abreast of recent breakthroughs in space science via Space Science News Headlines, an almost daily email service. Recent stories cover SOHO, the Leonid meteor storm, and Europa's frigid oceans. Space Science News Headlines reaches beyond the scientific community; advances and discoveries in space studies are relayed in an understandable, jargon-free manner. Interested readers can browse through past news archives or subscribe to future news stories via the homepage.

126

Genome News Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While there is a great deal of information about genes and genomes available in the mainstream media, it may be difficult for many to obtain more objective and scientifically-informed material about these complex subjects. To that end, the Genome News Network provides this bi-weekly publication that features stories about human medicine, microbes, biotechnology, and agriculture. Visitors who may be less familiar about genes and genomes will want to start with the "Quick Guide to Sequenced Genomes," or the basic overview provided in the "What's a Genome" area. The site also features news updates on topics ranging from the African-American Biobank, the first cloned mule, and how geneticists recognize cancer cells. Additionally, visitors can browse through the archives of the News Network (back to the year 2000), and elect to receive the bi-weekly report via email.

127

Investigation of the production of nitric oxide by soft solar x rays in the e-region of the ionosphere. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

The production of nitric oxide by soft solar X rays in the E region of the ionosphere is investigated. An empirical expression for the variation in X ray flux as a function of F10.7 is determined. This expression is incorporated into a one-dimensional diffusive photochemical model to compute nitric oxide densities. The results of these calculations are compared with NO observations from the Solar Mesosphere Explorer satellite. Variations of X-ray flux by a factor of 30 over the solar cycle can explain the observed variation in nitric oxide densities.

Dumas, R.A.

1988-12-01

128

Filtering for Medical News Items.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes recent work to provide a filtering service for readers interested in medically related news articles from online news sources. The first task is to filter out nonmedical news items; the remaining articles are then assigned MeSH headings for context and then further categorized by intended audience level. (Author/LRW)

Watters, Carolyn; Zheng, Wanhong; Milios, Evangelos

2002-01-01

129

News & Events - Team Science Toolkit  

Cancer.gov

Skip to main content at the National Institutes of Health www.cancer.gov Home About Team Science About the Toolkit Discover Contribute Connect News & Events About Us News & Events Add an item Login required News & Events Meet your match: Algorithms

130

The Structure of Foreign News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To examine the ways in which aspects of foreign news content are linked together, an analysis was performed on the data collected during a content analysis of foreign news in major national daily newspapers and broadcast news programs over 12 days. The analysis included the identification of (1) up to four topics from an all-inclusive descriptive…

Stevenson, Robert L.; Thompson, Kirstin D.

131

Hubble News Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hubble site this is a collection of all publicly released pictures from the Hubble Space Telescope. Accompanying each photograph is the official news release, an introduction to the object, fast facts, and related frequently asked questions. The news releases are sorted by category, year, and type. Some of these categories consist of: cosmology, exotic, galaxy, miscellaneous, nebula, solar system, star, star cluster, and survey. Image files in different sizes and formats are available for download. This is a nice resource for those interested in the more visual aspects of astronomy and space sciences.

2009-05-14

132

Nutrition News Focus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Written by David M. Klurfeld, Professor and Chairman of the Department of Nutrition and Food Science at Wayne State University in Detroit, this free, daily newsletter offers concise nutrition tips and analyses of breaking nutrition news. Nutrition News Focus aims at delivering information that ordinary people can use and understand, with a minimum of jargon and no tolerance for "mumbo-jumbo." Users can subscribe to the newsletter at the site. Subscribers receive one short mailing per day, with the topic briefly described and followed by analysis. Old newsletters are added to the archive two weeks after publication, and users can browse the archive by issue date or topic.

133

Is It Really News?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A leading national newspaper has stated that the majority of the information contained in its pages is in the form of advertisements. To investigate this, portions of the local newspaper are distributed to students working in groups. The class first reaches consensus on their definitions of "news" and other general headings (sports, entertainment, etc.). Students then express the ratio of the area of each category to the area of the page as a fraction and decimal. After analyzing the entire newspaper, students decide how much of it is really news.

Mathline, Pbs

1995-01-01

134

PsychNews International  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The well known InterPsych Newsletter has changed its name to PsychNews International and is available via email subscription and the Web. It is published ten times per year. Each issue can contain a combination of research findings, job and conference listings, and listings of Internet resources. PsychNews International concentrates on issues of psychology, psychiatry, and the social sciences. The Internet resources sections are a good place for anyone interested in the field to keep abreast of useful resources.

1994-01-01

135

On Soft ?-Open Sets and Soft ?-Continuous Functions  

PubMed Central

We introduce the concepts soft ?-interior and soft ?-closure of a soft set in soft topological spaces. We also study soft ?-continuous functions and discuss their relations with soft continuous and other weaker forms of soft continuous functions.

Akdag, Metin; Ozkan, Alkan

2014-01-01

136

TES/Aura L2 Supplemental Product (TL2SUPS)  

... TES/Aura L2 Supplemental Product (TL2SUPS) News:  TES News Join TES News List Project Title:  ... OPeNDAP Parameters:  Air Temperature Surface Air Temperature Carbon Monoxide Tropospheric Ozone Ozone ...

2014-06-23

137

PNRS: personalized news retrieval system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Personal News Retrieval System is a client-server application that delivers news segments on demand in a variety of information networks. At the server side, the news stories are segmented out from the digitized TV broadcast then classified and filtered based on consumers' preferences. At the client side, the user can access the preferred video news through the Web and watch stored video news in preferred order. Browsing preferences can be set based on anchorperson, broadcaster, category, location, top- stories and keywords. This system can be used to set up a news service run by content providers or independent media distribution companies. However, in the news era of enhanced PC/TV appliances, it is foreseeable that the whole system can run in the living room on a personal device. This paper describes the chosen server architecture, limitation of the system and solutions that can be implemented in the future.

Dimitrova, Nevenka; Elenbaas, Herman; McGee, Thomas

1999-08-01

138

Science News For Kids  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online publication offers timely, interesting news stories and features, accompanied by suggestions for hands-on activities, books, articles, and web resources. The content areas include atoms and forces, earth and sky, humans and health, life, and tech and math and it is appropriate for children 9-14, their parents, and their teachers.

139

News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews library news for 1997. Highlights public library budgets, examined by number of patrons served; Internet filters and censorship; librarians and the media; private and government funding sources; outsourcing; expectations for growth in the publishing industry, emphasizing the Asian economic crisis; and new ideas from the next generation of…

St. Lifer, Evan; Olson, Renee; Milliot, Jim; Bing, Jonathan

1998-01-01

140

News from NCI  

Cancer.gov

News Contact the NCI Office of Media Relations  |  RSS Feed Lung cancer death rates fall, helping drive decrease in overall cancer death rates December 16, 2013 The Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, covering the period 1975–2010, showed

141

Environmental news reports.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A collection of 13 news reports ranging in length from 1:30 to 2:16, about a wide range of on-going research dealing with the following environmental issues: remote sensing-water resources, a better soybean ink, kenaf: new paper crop, pesta: to control we...

1994-01-01

142

NewsWire, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the 3 2002 issues of the newsletter "NewsWire," (volume 5). Issue Number One focuses on collaborative Web projects. This issue begins with descriptions of four individual projects: "iEARN"; "Operation RubyThroat"; "Follow the Polar Huskies!"; and "Log in Your Animal Roadkill!" Features that follow include: "Bringing the…

Byrom, Elizabeth, Ed.; Bingham, Margaret, Ed.; Bowman, Gloria, Ed.; Shoemaker, Dan, Ed.

2002-01-01

143

New Suncook News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The newspaper program at the New Suncook School, Lovell, Maine, is a multi-level, language arts based unit designed to develop in students strong writing and interpersonal relationship skills, and to bring relevance to writing. The monthly newspaper features interviews, surveys, news, and some fiction stories written by students. The newspaper is…

Kanehl, Bob

144

Using VOA News Items.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Voice of America English broadcasts have become a very convenient and accessible resource for Chinese students to learn English in China. Discusses one third-year listening course for English majors where VOA news items have been used and have proved very effective in developing students' listening skills. (Author/VWL)

Xiaoqiong, Hu

1997-01-01

145

PLCO News, Winter 2001  

Cancer.gov

PLCO News, Winter 2001 Cancer Information Service If you have a question about cancer, call and speak with a trained specialist at NCI's Cancer Information Service (CIS). The CIS operates a nationwide toll-free telephone hotline Monday-Friday, 9:00 a.m.

146

PLCO News, Winter 2001  

Cancer.gov

PLCO News, Winter 2001 Trial Update Enrollment goal: 148,000 Total enrollment (as of November 30, 2000): 152,139 Men enrolled: 75,565 Women enrolled: 76,574 Number of people enrolled at age: 55-59 49,944 60-64 47,058

147

News Editing. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A revision of the first edition of "News Editing," this is a textbook for the newspaper editor. The duties of the editor are detailed, as are those of other newspaper employees. Among the basic editing skills the author includes suggestions for sentence structure, word usage, and vocabulary. Examples are given of editing for objectivity, handling…

Westley, Bruce H.

148

Documents in the News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Michigan Government Documents center provides a Documents in the News page. Taken from official sources, this page has full text documents on such subjects as Yitzhak Rabin's assassination, Bosnia, the Oklahoma City Bombing, the Ebola Virus, the United Nations Conference on Women, the G7 Summit, term limits, and the Unabomber, among many others.

York, Grace A.

1999-01-01

149

Capitol Watch Daily News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Capitol Watch On Line offers content on what's going on in the nations capital daily. A dozen or more headline stories plus a special interests section and links to the Federal News Service and other government sites. "Live chat with candidates and the leaders of our nation" is promised to be coming in 2 weeks.

1999-01-01

150

The Grantsmanship Center News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The activities of the Grantsmanship Center and "The Grantsmanship Center News" are described, including their education programs for people involved in fund-raising and nonprofit management; instigation of research relating to private philanthropy, government funding, and public policy; and advocacy for improvements in public and private funding.…

Golden, Laura

1978-01-01

151

Notes and News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Contribitions to the notes and news section are welcome. They should be sent to: Meteorological Applications, Met. Office College, Shinfield Park, Reading RG2 9AU, UK (Fax +44 (0) 1344 85 5410, E-mail: rwriddaway@meto.gov.uk,)

2000-12-01

152

Notes and news  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Contribitions to the notes and news section are welcome. They should be sent to: Meteorological Applications, Met. Office College, Shinfield Park, Reading RG2 9AU, UK (Fax +44 (0) 1344 85 5410, E-mail: rwriddaway@meto.gov.uk)

2000-06-01

153

Notes and news  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Contribitions to the notes and news section are welcome. They should be sent to: Meteorological Applications, Met. Office College, Shinfield Park, Reading RG2 9AU, UK (Fax +44 (0) 1344 85 5410,E-mail: rwriddaway@meto.gov.uk)

2000-09-01

154

Measurement of the ttbar Production Cross Section in ppbar Collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV using Soft Electron b-Tagging  

SciTech Connect

We present a measurement of the top quark pair production cross section in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV using a data sample corresponding to 1.7 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab. We reconstruct t{bar t} events in the lepton+jets channel, consisting of e{nu}+jets and {mu}{nu}+jets final states. The dominant background is the production of W bosons in association with multiple jets. To suppress this background, we identify electrons from the semileptonic decay of heavy-flavor jets ('soft electron tags'). From a sample of 2196 candidate events, we obtain 120 tagged events with a background expectation of 51 {+-} 3 events, corresponding to a cross section of {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} = 7.8 {+-} 2.4 (stat) {+-} 1.6 (syst) {+-} 0.5 (lumi) pb. We assume a top-quark mass of 175 GeV/c{sup 2}. This is the first measurement of the t{bar t} cross section with soft electron tags in Run II of the Tevatron.

Aaltonen, T.; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Adelman, J.; /Chicago U., EFI; Akimoto, T.; /Tsukuba U.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S.; /INFN, Padua; Amidei, D.; /Michigan U.; Anastassov, A.; /Northwestern U.; Annovi, A.; /Frascati; Antos, J.; /Comenius U.; Apollinari, G.; /Fermilab; Apresyan, A.; /Purdue U. /Waseda U.

2010-02-01

155

NO news is no new news  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In the paper 'NO News', Preston et al. (2004) make a number of erroneous assumptions regarding nitrogen oxide chemistry. These authors also present some very significant misinterpretations of previous research into the effects of various nitrogen oxides on germination of post-fire followers. Methodological differences between the study by Preston et al. (2004) and previous work are also problematic, such as using NO-donors in solution versus the use of direct application of various nitrogen oxides in the gaseous phase. A closer review of these studies, with the proper understanding of nitrogen oxide chemistry, and interpretations of the available literature, would lead to the conclusion that, contrary to the authors' assertions, the Preston et al. (2004) study supports, rather than refutes, earlier findings by Keeley and Fotheringham (1997, 1998a, b, 2000). ?? CAB International 2005.

Fotheringham, C. J.; Keeley, J. E.

2005-01-01

156

Hybrid hard- and soft-modeling of spectrophotometric data for monitoring of ciprofloxacin and its main photodegradation products at different pH values  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A simple and fast on line spectrophotometric method combined with a hybrid hard-soft modeling multivariate curve resolution (HS-MCR) was proposed for the monitoring of photodegradation reaction of ciprofloxacin under UV radiation. The studied conditions attempt to emulate the effect of sunlight on these antibiotics that could be eventually present in the environment. The continuous flow system made it possible to study the ciprofloxacin degradation at different pH values almost at real time, avoiding errors that could arise from typical batch monitoring of the reaction. On the base of a concentration profiles obtained by previous pure soft-modeling approach, reaction pathways have been proposed for the parent compound and its photoproducts at different pH values. These kinetic models were used as a constraint in the HS-MCR analysis. The kinetic profiles and the corresponding pure response profile (UV-Vis spectra) of ciprofloxacin and its main degradation products were recovered after the application of HS-MCR analysis to the spectra recorded throughout the reaction. The observed behavior showed a good agreement with the photodegradation studies reported in the bibliography. Accordingly, the photodegradation reaction was studied by high performance liquid chromatography coupled with UV-Vis diode array detector (HPLC-DAD). The spectra recorded during the chromatographic analysis present a good correlation with the ones recovered by UV-Vis/HS-MCR method.

Razuc, Mariela; Garrido, Mariano; Caro, Yamile S.; Teglia, Carla M.; Goicoechea, Héctor C.; Fernández Band, Beatriz S.

2013-04-01

157

Acoustical standards news.  

PubMed

American National Standards (ANSI Standards) developed by Accredited Standards Committees S1, S2, S3, S3/SC 1, and S12 in the areas of acoustics, mechanical vibration and shock, bioacoustics, animal bioacoustics, and noise, respectively, are published by the Acoustical Society of America (ASA). In addition to these standards, ASA publishes catalogs of Acoustical Standards, both National and International. To receive copies of the latest Standards catalogs, please contact Susan B. Blaeser.Comments are welcomed on all material in Acoustical Standards News.This Acoustical Standards News section in JASA, as well as the National and International catalogs of Acoustical Standards, and other information on the Standards Program of the Acoustical Society of America, are available via the ASA home page: http://acousticalsociety.org. PMID:24815289

Blaeser, Susan B; Schomer, Paul D

2014-05-01

158

Acoustical standards news.  

PubMed

American National Standards (ANSI Standards) developed by Accredited Standards Committees S1, S2, S3, S3/SC 1, and S12 in the areas of acoustics, mechanical vibration and shock, bioacoustics, animal bioacoustics, and noise, respectively, are published by the Acoustical Society of America (ASA). In addition to these standards, ASA publishes catalogs of Acoustical Standards, both National and International. To receive copies of the latest Standards catalogs, please contact Susan B. Blaeser.Comments are welcomed on all material in Acoustical Standards News.This Acoustical Standards News section in JASA, as well as the National and International Catalogs of Acoustical Standards, and other information on the Standards Program of the Acoustical Society of America, are available via the ASA home page: http://acousticalsociety.org. PMID:24993229

Blaeser, Susan B; Schomer, Paul D

2014-07-01

159

[Breaking bad news].  

PubMed

Breaking bad news is one of the most stressful duties of the physician in oncology. Among other issues, it includes discussion of cancer diagnosis or the failure of therapy. The oncologist is often puzzled by an apprehension regarding the delivery of bad news. The fear to be exposed to unexpected strong emotional reactions by the patient, such as aggression or despair, may cause the oncologist to adopt unproductive coping strategies such as discussion about technical details while avoiding to deliver the main message. However, good communication skills are the key for a satisfying conversation with the patient. The oncologists' discomfort induced by the above mentioned apprehension is one of the most important barriers for a successful conversation. PMID:15991627

Voelter, Verena; Mirimanoff, René-Olivier; Stiefel, Friedrich; Rousselle, Ingrid; Leyvraz, Serge

2005-05-18

160

Environmental News Link  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental News Link Web site is published by Capital Reports, which was founded in 1980 by former lobbyist Brian Sturtevant and is self described as a pioneer in specialized environmental policy reporting. Offering an alternative to mainstream sites, visitors can read timely articles on some of the most important environmental news stories of the day. A few of the recent entries include stories about new toxic air emission rules, potential changes to BLM grazing regulations, and how the EPA is providing tools to improve septic system management. Although the articles are very succinct and no links are offered for additional information, those seeking quick updates will appreciate the well laid out and easily read articles.

2003-01-01

161

Multimodal News Story Segmentation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we describe a multi-modal approach to segmenting news video based on the perceived shift in content. We divide up a video document into logically coherent semantic units known as stories. We investigate the effectiveness of a number of multimedia features which serve as potential indicators of a story boundary. The results show an improvement of performance over current state of the art story segmenters.

Poulisse, Gert-Jan; Moens, Marie-Francine

162

Botanical Electronic News (BEN)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The electronic newsletter BEN contains recent news about research and researchers in botany. Produced at least once a month by Dr. A. Ceska, the focus of BEN is primarily botany in British Columbia, Canada, and the adjacent Pacific Northwest (US). The BEN homepage offers users access to all issues of BEN back to 1995 (issue 115); articles vary in depth but often include links to substantial online information, such as publications, keys, or other useful resources.

163

Geomorphology in the news  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Each student must choose a current news article that relates to geomorphology. Each student will given an oral presentation about the article, including a synopsis of the story and a description of geomorphic processes that are involved. The other students are able to ask questions. The activity gives the students a chance to relate what they are learning about in class to current events and social issues. Designed for a geomorphology course Has minimal/no quantitative component

Gasparini, Nicole

164

Transcribing radio news  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have recently extended the capabilities of BBN's large-vocabulary discrete-utterance speech recognition system (BYBLOS) to operate on raw audio recordings of radio news programming. The recordings are given to the system as large monolithic waveforms without any additional side-information. Our goal is to transcribe all speech in the input with the highest accuracy possible. The problem is very challenging because

Francis Kzsbala; Tasos Anastasakos; Hubert Jin; Long Nguyen; Richard M. Schwartz

1996-01-01

165

Contact: Releasing the news  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The problem of mass behavior after man's future contacts with other intelligences in the universe is not only a challenge for social scientists and political leaders all over the world, but also a cultural time bomb as well. In fact, since the impact of CETI (Contact with Extraterrestrial Intelligence) on human civilization, with its different cultures, might cause a serious socio-anthropological shock, a common and predetermined worldwide strategy is necessary in releasing the news after the contact, in order to keep possible manifestations of fear, panic and hysteria under control. An analysis of past studies in this field and of parallel historical situations as analogs suggests a definite "authority crisis" in the public as a direct consequence of an unexpected release of the news, involving a devastating "chain reaction" process (from both the psychological and sociological viewpoints) of anomie and maybe the collapse of today's society. The only way to prevent all this is to prepare the world's public opinion concerning contact before releasing the news, and to develop a long-term strategy through the combined efforts of scientists, political leaders, intelligence agencies and the mass media, in order to create the cultural conditions in which a confrontation with ETI won't affect mankind in a traumatic way. Definite roles and tasks in this multi-level model are suggested.

Pinotti, Roberto

166

Delivering the News with Blogs  

Microsoft Academic Search

To deliver information about library news, services and resources to the science faculty and students at Georgia State University, several librarians developed a blog, Science News http:\\/\\/www.library. gsu.edu\\/news\\/science\\/. Despite the increasing popularity of blogs (or Weblogs), few libraries have taken advantage of what they offer. Blogs can be updated easily, frequently and continuously, making them an appealing alternative to static

Teri M. Vogel; Doug Goans

2005-01-01

167

Text Features Made Easy Using News Magazines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students will use news magazines such as Time for Kids, Science News for Kids, or other news magazines to identify text features and explain how the text features contribute to their understanding of the informational text.

2012-10-05

168

7 CFR 28.904 - Market news.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Market news. 28.904 Section 28.904 Agriculture...STANDARDS Cotton Classification and Market News Service for Producers Classification and Market News Services § 28.904 Market...

2009-01-01

169

7 CFR 28.904 - Market news.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Market news. 28.904 Section 28.904 Agriculture...STANDARDS Cotton Classification and Market News Service for Producers Classification and Market News Services § 28.904 Market...

2010-01-01

170

Soft X-Ray Photoionizing Organic Matter from Comet Wild 2: Evidence for the Production of Organic Matter by Impact Processes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Stardust mission collected both mineral and organic matter from Comet Wild 2 [1,2,3,4]. The organic matter discovered in Comet Wild 2 ranges from aromatic hydrocarbons to simple aliphatic chains and is as diverse and complex as organic matter found in carbonaceous chondrites and interplanetary dust particles.[3,5,6,7,8,9]. Compared to insoluble organic matter from carbonaceous chondrites the organic matter in Comet Wild 2 more closely resembles organic matter found in the IDPS both hydrous and anhydrous. Common processes for the formation of organic matter in space include: Fischer-Tropsch, included with this aqueous large body and moderate heating alterations; UV irradiation of ices; and; plasma formation and collisions. The Fischer-Tropsch could only occur on large bodies processes, and the production of organic matter by UV radiation is limited by the penetration depth of UV photons, on the order of a few microns or less for most organic matter, so once organic matter coats the ices it is formed from, the organic production process would stop. Also, the organic matter formed by UV irradiation would, by the nature of the process, be in-sensitive to photodissocation from UV light. The energy of soft X-rays, 280-300 eV occur within the range of extreme ultraviolet photons. During the preliminary examination period we found a particle that nearly completely photoionized when exposed to photons in the energy range 280-310eV. This particle experienced a long exposure time to the soft x-ray beam which caused almost complete mass loss so little chemical information was obtain. During the analysis of our second allocation we have discovered another particle that photoionized at these energies but the exposure time was limited and more chemical information was obtained.

Zolensky, Michael E.; Wirick, S.; Flynn, G. J.; Jacobsen, C.; Na

2011-01-01

171

News Discourse: The Paratextual Structure of News Texts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the paratextual structure of news texts, i.e., the headline system (superheadline, main headline, and subheadline) and the lead. In the first part of the paper T. A. van Dijk's interdisciplinary theory (1988) of "news in the press" is reviewed with special reference to the status and function assigned to the paratext. In the…

Frandsen, Finn

172

News Aware Volatility Forecasting: Is the Content of News Important?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The efficient market hypothesis states that the mar ket incorporates all available information to provide a n accurate valuation of the asset at any given time. However, most models for forecasting the return or volatility of assets completely disregard the arriv al of asset specific news (i.e., news which is directly r elevant to the asset). In this paper we

Calum Robertson; Shlomo Geva; Rodney Wolff

2007-01-01

173

Science News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a review of science news stories reported in "Science News" during 1987. References each item to the volume and page number in which the subject was addressed. Contains references on astronomy, behavior, biology, biomedicine, chemistry, earth sciences, environment, mathematics and computers, paleontology and anthropology, physics, science…

Science News, 1987

1987-01-01

174

What Turns Events into News?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The New York Times" is known for its slogan ''All the News That's Fit to Print.'' But how do gatekeepers decide which events meet this criterion? Although some individuals might believe that the news constitutes an undistorted reflection of the social reality, students in communication courses have the…

Tukachinsky, Riva

2013-01-01

175

Science News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews important science news stories reported during 1984 in "Science News" magazine. These stories are in the categories of: anthropology and paleontology; behavior; biology; chemistry; computers; mathematics; earth science; the environment; medicine; physics; science and society; space sciences and astronomy; and technology. (JN)

Science News, 1984

1984-01-01

176

Science News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews important science news stories of 1981 as reported in "Science News." Gives a one-sentence summary and volume and page references for each story. Groups items by topic including space and astronomy, archaeology and anthropology, technology, behavior, science and society, energy, environment, and specific science disciplines. (DC)

Science News, 1981

1981-01-01

177

Science News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews major science news stories of 1988 as reported in the pages of Science News. Covers the areas of anthropology, astronomy, behavior, biology, biomedicine, chemistry, earth sciences, environment, food science, mathematics and computers, paleobiology, physics, science and society, space sciences, and technology. (YP)

Science News, 1988

1988-01-01

178

Science News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a review of important science news stories of 1989 as reported in the pages of "Science News." Topics include anthropology, astronomy, behavior, biology, biomedicine, chemistry, environment, food science, math and computers, paleobiology, physics, science and society, space sciences, and technology. (CW)

Science News, 1989

1989-01-01

179

Television News Exchanges in Asia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1984, a project was initiated in Asia under the sponsorship of the Asia Pacific Broadcasting Union that represents a major break-through in achieving a better balance in the collection, editing, and distribution of the world's news. This break-through was the Asiavision Satellite News Exchange, which has made it possible for many Asian…

Flournoy, Don M.

180

News to Use  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

7th grade language arts curriculum -- objective 2b. This project has students look at an online source of news. They review one article and read two others. They answer comprehension questions and look for vocabulary words to look up online as well. The following is a New York Times site with infromation about the earthquake in Haiti. Click on the site and read a little about the disaster. Look at at least four photos. New York Times article on Haiti earthquake Sometimes we miss school because of snow storms. The students in Haiti have missed many days of school ...

Hansen, Mrs.

2010-01-28

181

Soft nanotechnology with soft nanoparticles.  

PubMed

The last decade of research in the physical sciences has seen a dramatic increase in the study of nanoscale materials. Today, "nanoscience" has emerged as a multidisciplinary effort, wherein obtaining a fundamental understanding of the optical, electrical, magnetic, and mechanical properties of nanostructures promises to deliver the next generation of functional materials for a wide range of applications. While this range of efforts is extremely broad, much of the work has focused on "hard" materials, such as Buckyballs, carbon nanotubes, metals, semiconductors, and organic or inorganic dielectrics. Meanwhile, the soft materials of current interest typically include conducting or emissive polymers for "plastic electronics" applications. Despite the continued interest in these established areas of nanoscience, new classes of soft nanomaterials are being developed from more traditional polymeric constructs. Specifically, nanostructured hydrogels are emerging as a promising group of materials for multiple biotechnology applications as the need for advanced materials in the post-genomic era grows. This review will present some of the recent advances in the marriage between water-swellable networks and nanoscience. PMID:16283684

Nayak, Satish; Lyon, L Andrew

2005-12-01

182

International News and Borrowed News in the New York Times: An Update  

Microsoft Academic Search

This content analysis shows the number of international news items in the New York Times has decreased over the last 22 years. Roughly one in five items contained second-hand or borrowed news (material first disseminated by and attributed to another news organization), though trend analysis indicates increasing news borrowing. Borrowed news was most common in items from Second World (Communist)

Daniel Riffe; Charles F. Aust; Rhonda J. Gibson; Elizabeth K. Viall; Huiuk Yi

1993-01-01

183

Diterpenoids from the soft coral Sinularia maxima and their inhibitory effects on lipopolysaccharide-stimulated production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in bone marrow-derived dendritic cells.  

PubMed

Nine new diterpenoids, termed sinumaximols A-I (1-3, 5-9, 12), together with three known compounds (4, 10, 11), were isolated from the methanol extract of the soft coral Sinularia maxima. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic methods, including one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR-MS). The isolated compounds were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs). Among them, compounds 2, 3, and 11 were potent inhibitors of LPS-stimulated interleukin-12 (IL-12) p40 with half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) values ranging from 4.35±0.12 to 18.04±0.21?µM. Compounds 2, 3, and 11 showed moderate inhibitory activity on IL-6 production with IC(50) values ranging from 17.72±0.31 to 59.77±2.34?µM. PMID:23207638

Thao, Nguyen Phuong; Nam, Nguyen Hoai; Cuong, Nguyen Xuan; Quang, Tran Hong; Tung, Pham The; Tai, Bui Huu; Luyen, Bui Thi Thuy; Chae, Doobyeong; Kim, Sohyun; Koh, Young-Sang; Kiem, Phan Van; Minh, Chau Van; Kim, Young Ho

2012-01-01

184

Dairy Market News for the Week of April 30-May 4, 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the Dairy Market News for the week of April 30-May 4, 2012. The Dairy Market News covers the supply, demand, and price situation every week on a regional, national, and international basis for milk, butter, cheese, and dry and fluid products.

2012-01-01

185

Dairy Market News for the Week of May 2-6, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the week of May 2-6, 2011, Dairy Market News. The Dairy Market News covers the supply, demand, and price situation every week on a regional, national, and international basis for milk, butter, cheese, and dry and fluid products.

2011-01-01

186

Understanding the Press Kit and Its Use by the Media: When PR Material Becomes News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This activity helps students understand the relationship between public relations (PR) writing and news writing by demonstrating how PR material gets used in the production of news stories. Considering that "more than 70 percent of daily newspaper copy emanates from PR-generated releases," it is important for students to learn how PR professionals…

Weisgerber, Corinne

2006-01-01

187

Index to NASA News Releases 1995  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This issue of the index to NASA News Releases contains a listing of news releases distributed by the Office of Public Affairs, NASA Headquarters, during 1995. The index is arranged in six sections: Subject index, Personal name index, News release number index, Accession number index, Speeches, and News releases.

1996-01-01

188

The Diffusion of "Shocking" Good News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the diffusion of news about the Mormon Church's approval of Blacks for the priesthood revealed that "shocking" good news can ignite the interpersonal communications system, that news has more credibility when obtained from media than when obtained interpersonally, and that people use mass media to verify news obtained interpersonally.…

Haroldsen, Edwin O.; Harvey, Kenneth

1979-01-01

189

Television News and the Miners' Strike.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A content analysis was performed on all of the BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation) Nine O'Clock News and ITV (Independent Television) News at Ten programs that were broadcast during Britain's year-long miners' strike--March 1984-March 1985--and a four-month sample of Channel 4 news to examine how television news covered a protracted story of…

Cumberbatch, Guy; And Others

190

Ivanhoe Broadcast News: Medical Breakthroughs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Ivanhoe Broadcast News, this website links to an abundance of medical news stories. Articles can be found under many health categories including Alternative Health, Cardiovascular Health, Sports Medicine, Nutrition, Cancer, Vision, Dental Health, and more. Articles are listed under health categories for women, men, seniors, and children as well. The site also features a News Flash section with daily updates; Medical Headlines; Special Reports; and Discussion Groups. Site visitors looking for additional information will find links to other online resources for a variety of health topics as well.

191

International Boundary News Database (IBRU)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Boundaries Research Unit (IBRU) at the University of Durham maintains the International Boundary News Database, which consists of more than 10,000 documents related to international boundaries, "including their delimitation, demarcation and management." The documents, spanning from 1991 to the present, are compiled from news sources worldwide. The database may be queried through a simple keyword search or via the Boundary Field, which retrieves all records associated with an international boundary. Searches yield summarized news items, generally one paragraph in length.

192

Philosophy News Service (PNS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Updated daily, this site offers links to online philosophy news and articles from a variety of sources, though most seem to be located in the US or Australia. Recent items included pieces on the ethics of Kosovo, philosophical counseling, Noam Chomsky and Edward Said, an audio symposium on "Genes, Genesis, and God," and several notices of professional interest. Additional features at the site include PhilosophEye, a special essay with related links offering "philosophical perspectives on matters of public interest," a philosophy calendar, a Question of the Week with posted responses, and related links. The PNS also hosts a mailing list, PNS-List, which shares research and professional announcements for philosophers and philosophy students.

1999-01-01

193

Tech News Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) started life in 1893 as the Armour Institute, courtesy of funding from Philip Danforth, Sr. who gave $1 million to start a school that would offer courses in engineering, chemistry, architecture, and library science. In 1940, the school merged with the Lewis Institute and received its current name. This intriguing digital collection offers a look into the school's history via the Technology News, which has been the student newspaper since 1928. Visitors can browse past issues from that year up to the current day. The Features area is quite interesting, as it includes direct links to April Fools issues and topical coverage of swine flu outbreaks in 1976 and 2009. The April Fools issue from 1942 is quite a pip, as it includes articles titled "Surrealist Ginks Gab" and "Tennis Toddlers Tersely Terrorize Tirty-Tird Toughs."

2011-01-01

194

Fishery Market News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Curious about the economics behind fishing or how fish prices have changed since the 1930s? The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) offers this Website to track the pulse of the fish market, by observing, recording, and reporting current market conditions. In addition to the daily/ weekly pricing reports from markets in Boston, Long Beach, New Orleans, New York, and Seattle, the Fishery Market News Website posts annual summaries of fish prices for several specific fisheries (cod, foreign fisheries), seafood types (clam, cod, crab, croaker, flounder, lobster, pollock, squid, swordfish, or whiting), and fish markets (Fultin Fish Market and New York Frozen). A no-frills site with "just the facts, please," this is an excellent resource for researchers.

195

Modeling Soft Matter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Soft matter science or soft materials science is a relatively new term for the science of a huge class of rather different materials such as colloids, polymers (of synthetic or biological origin), membranes, complex molecular assemblies, complex fluids, etc. and combinations thereof. While many of these systems are contained in or are even the essential part of everyday products ("simple" plastics such as yoghurt cups, plastic bags, CDs, many car parts; gels and networks such as rubber, many low fat foods, "gummi" bears; colloidal systems such as milk, mayonnaise, paints, almost all cosmetics or body care products, the border lines between the different applications and systems are of course not sharp) or as biological molecules or assemblies (DNA, proteins, membranes and cytoskeleton, etc.) are central to our existence, others are basic ingredients of current and future high tech products (polymers with specific optical or electronic properties, conducting macromolecules, functional materials). Though the motivation is different in life science rather than in materials science biomolecular simulations, the basic structure of the problems faced in the two fields is very similar.

Kremer, Kurt

196

External Resource: In The News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since the launch of the SOHO spacecraft, there have been numerous news articles highlighting discoveries about the Sun. This activity will gives students the opportunity to learn about those discoveries and to explore the unique challenges that humans fac

1900-01-01

197

National Cancer Institute News Center  

MedlinePLUS

... researchers find that a molecule is linked to aggressive pancreatic cancer NCI Cancer Center News (Posted: 05/ ... during childhood. Study in mice shows that an aggressive type of breast cancer is linked to an ...

198

Nail Care Products  

MedlinePLUS

... Products Advisory Committees Regulatory Information Safety Emergency Preparedness International Programs News & Events Training & Continuing Education Inspections & Compliance Federal, State & Local Officials Consumers Health Professionals Science & Research Industry Scroll ...

199

CAN SOFT DRINK TAXES REDUCE POPULATION WEIGHT?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soft drink consumption has been hypothesized as one of the major factors in the growing rates of obesity in the United States. Nearly two-thirds of all states currently tax soft drinks using excise taxes, sales taxes, or special exceptions to food exemptions from sales taxes to reduce consumption of this product, raise revenue, and improve public health. In this paper,

JASON M. FLETCHER; DAVID FRISVOLD; NATHAN TEFFT

2010-01-01

200

In The News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ancient climate change meant Antarctica was once covered with palm treeshttp://blogs.smithsonianmag.com/smartnews/2012/08/ancient-climate-change-meant-antarctica-was-once-covered-with-palm-trees/Palm trees 'grew on Antarctica'http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-19077439Persistent near-tropical warmth on the Antarctic continent during the early Eocene epochhttp://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v488/n7409/full/nature11300.htmlWhat would Shackleton have tweeted?http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-19019409United States Antarctic Programhttp://www.usap.gov/usapgov/Antarctic images by Anthony Powellhttp://www.antarcticimages.com/According to an article published in Nature on the first of August, East Antarctica once supported near-tropical ecosystems, with winter temperatures "warmer than 10 C [50 F]." Of course, this wasn't recent by human standards - the Eocene epoch during which these temperatures were the norm occurred about 55 to 48 million years ago. However, this finding may provide insight into how Earth's climate responds to variable levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide. In addition, it allows us to imagine a world very different from the one we know: one in which palm trees flourished at latitudes that today reach summer highs of about 8 C and sink to lows of -50 C.The first link takes visitors to a blog entry outlining some of the article's discoveries, including detailed descriptions of the ecosystem. The second leads to an article featuring an interview with one of the study's co-authors that describes both the procedures and findings. Interested parties may want to read the original Nature article itself, accessible via the third link. Bringing us into the modern era, the fourth link leads to an article reflecting on the complicated relationship between the outside world and those overwintering in Antarctica. The fifth allows visitors to explore facts and figures about the United States presence in Antarctica, featuring some great webcam feeds. Finally, the last link leads to a magnificent collection of images and videos of the now-frozen continent.

Grinnell, Max

2012-08-03

201

Bringing the News Back Home: Strategies of Acculturation and Foreignisation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the long-standing debate in the field of translation concerning whether texts should be fully acculturated into the target system or should retain traces of their foreign origin. The author suggests that these debates become redundant, if not counter-productive in the field of news translation, where the demands of the target…

Bassnett, Susan

2005-01-01

202

Chemical & Engineering News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Chemical Society produces the weekly magazine "Chemical & Engineering News" which reports on topics ranging from business to government to education drawn from across the world of chemistry. Although much of the content on the website is password-protected for those with a subscription to the magazine, the fascinating "Multimedia" section of the website is accessible to all visitors. The "Latest Photo Galleries" section has the must see gallery "Another Kind of Landscape" from May 2, 2011, which is about a new book on environmental degradation. There are just five photos, all aerial views, that at first blush look beautiful and like works of art, but upon reading the caption, visitors will learn that the photos are of the run-off from a fertilizer plant, an aluminum producer, and a coal mine. The enlightening and interactive article from June 2007 (under "Other Multimedia") titled "The Incredible Vastness of Data lets visitors visualize the differences between chemical research conducted in 1907 and 2007. Overall, the multimedia has much to offer and warrants several return visits.

203

Determinants of Network News Coverage of the Oil Industry during the Late 1970s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines which firms and products best predict media coverage of the oil industry. Reports that price variations in testing oil and gasoline correlate with the extent of news coverage provided by network television. (MM)

Erfle, Stephen; McMillan, Henry

1989-01-01

204

Maintaining a News Perspective Remotely through Online Information Retrieval: Task-Based Web Experiences of Foreign News Correspondents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A two-stage mixed methods approach was used to examine how foreign correspondents stationed in the United States use World Wide Web technology to maintain their news perspectives remotely. Despite emerging technology playing an increasingly significant role in the production of international journalism, the subject under investigation has been…

Lin, Kuanyuh Tony

2009-01-01

205

Research News and Highlights 2012 Archive  

Cancer.gov

January 24, 2012 Women with BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations survive ovarian cancer at higher rates than those without mutations « Previous 1 2 3 Print This Page Research News and Highlights 2012 ArchiveRSS News & Events

206

Society for the History of Psychology news.  

PubMed

Provides recent news for the Society for the History of Psychology. Brief descriptions of recent publications, conference news, and featured books are included. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24818746

2014-05-01

207

In the News: Current Events Websites.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews Web sites for current events news that are appropriate for students of various ages. Discusses the possibilities for second language learning and curriculum connections and lists television sites, news magazines, classroom magazines, newspapers, and lesson plans. (LRW)

Byerly, Greg; Brodie, Carolyn S.

2002-01-01

208

Anytime clustering of high frequency news streams  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a large scale system for clustering a stream of news articles that was developed as part of the Geospace & Media Tool (GMT). The GMT integrates the news feed with geospatial, census, and human network information to provide a research tool for members of Congress and their staffs. News articles covering the same event are summarized for the

Fabian Moerchen; Klaus Brinker; Claus Neubauer

2007-01-01

209

Framing analysis: An approach to news discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the American political process, news discourse concerning public policy issues is carefully constructed. This occurs in part because both politicians and interest groups take an increasingly proactive approach to amplify their views of what an issue is about However, news media also play an active role in framing public policy issues. Thus, in this article, news discourse is conceived

Zhongdang Pan; Gerald M. Kosicki

1993-01-01

210

Linking online news and social media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of what is discussed in social media is inspired by events in the news and, vice versa, social media provide us with a handle on the impact of news events. We address the following linking task: given a news article, find social media utterances that implicitly reference it. We follow a three-step approach: we derive multiple query models from

Manos Tsagkias; Maarten de Rijke; Wouter Weerkamp

2011-01-01

211

AAPT News Archive (eNNOUNCER)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web archive contains news, deadlines, updates, and information about the AAPT. The AAPT NEWS is published monthly through the AAPT web site. Each issue appears on or about the 15th of each month. It also features recent news from the worlds of physics and teaching, current promotions and programs, and more.

2007-02-05

212

Howard Hughes Medical Institute: Research News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For breaking news of interest to the medical research community, see this news metasite from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. From enzymes to viral infections, or RNA to muscle fibers, this page serves up all the medical research news that's fit to print.

213

"...And Now A Story about Today's News."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The news media plays an important role in shaping opinions about the character of American society. Through the news, people learn about the prevalence of human benevolence or malevolence. The author conducted several tests to evaluate the effects of news on individuals of various ages and backgrounds. Experimental groups were told that they would…

Hornstein, Harvey A.

214

Learning to model relatedness for news recommendation  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the explosive growth of online news readership, recommending interesting news articles to users has become extremely important. While existing Web services such as Yahoo! and Digg attract users' initial clicks by leveraging various kinds of signals, how to engage such users algorithmically after their initial visit is largely under-explored. In this paper, we study the problem of post-click news

Yuanhua Lv; Taesup Moon; Pranam Kolari; Zhaohui Zheng; Xuanhui Wang; Yi Chang

2011-01-01

215

Network Evening News Coverage of Environmental Risk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on ABC, NBC, and CBS's evening news broadcasts from January 1984 through February 1986, a study examined network news coverage of environmental risk--defined as manmade chemical, biological, and physical agents that create risk in the indoor, outdoor, and occupational environments. Using the Vanderbilt University "Television News Index…

Greenberg, Michael R.; And Others

216

Best Graduate Schools: US News & World Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

US News Online allows readers to compare business graduate schools using data in US News's annual Graduate Rankings report. Up to four schools may be selected at a time, and US News will deliver information on admissions, costs, the student body, and employment prospects in addition to business graduate school homepage links.

217

MedlinePlus FAQ: News Coverage  

MedlinePLUS

... Videos & Cool Tools ESPAÑOL Question: I saw a news article on MedlinePlus but now I can't ... this page, please enable JavaScript. Answer: The health news page displays the most recent news. MedlinePlus displays ...

218

An Economic Theory of News Selection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the years, journalists, social scientists, and government commissions have defined news in a variety of ways, but their definitions consistently lack the notion that, above all, news is a commodity and must sell. Within the journalism profession, and particularly in television news, the potential for conflict between a media corporation's…

McManus, John

219

Soft Congruence Relations over Rings  

PubMed Central

Molodtsov introduced the concept of soft sets, which can be seen as a new mathematical tool for dealing with uncertainty. In this paper, we initiate the study of soft congruence relations by using the soft set theory. The notions of soft quotient rings, generalized soft ideals and generalized soft quotient rings, are introduced, and several related properties are investigated. Also, we obtain a one-to-one correspondence between soft congruence relations and idealistic soft rings and a one-to-one correspondence between soft congruence relations and soft ideals. In particular, the first, second, and third soft isomorphism theorems are established, respectively.

Xin, Xiaolong; Li, Wenting

2014-01-01

220

SciCentral: Engineering News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides links to engineering-related news articles from a variety of outlets and journals. Sources featured on the site must be freely accessible to online readers and are ranked by the editors based on reliability, timeliness, extent of coverage, multidisciplinary coverage, follow-up, and presentation. The main page features links to the day's headlines, a listing of the editors' top five resources for engineering news coverage, and a selection of tools and resources, including a literature search; online tools and references such as unit conversion tools and a language translation tool; and links to journals and databases, career information, and conferences.

Guy Orgambide, Scicentral C.

221

Soft System Dynamics Methodology (SSDM): Combining Soft Systems Methodology (SSM) and System Dynamics (SD)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soft System Dynamics Methodology (SSDM), a systemic methodology product of the combination of two widely used systems-based methodologies from two different systems thinking paradigms, Systems Dynamics (SD) and Soft Systems Methodology (SSM), is presented. The paper argues that by combining some of SD and SSM stages, within the intellectual framework proposed by SSDM, a methodology developed by one of the

Ricardo Rodriguez-Ulloa; Alberto Paucar-Caceres

2005-01-01

222

SOFT SYSTEM DYNAMICS METHODOLOGY (SSDM): A COMBINATION OF SOFT SYSTEMS METHODOLOGY (SSM) AND SYSTEM DYNAMICS (SD)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soft System Dynamics Methodology (SSDM), a systemic methodology product of the combination of two widely used systems-based methodologies from two different systems thinking paradigms, Systems Dynamics (SD) and Soft Systems Methodology (SSM), is presented. The paper argues that by combining some of SD and SSM stages, within the intellectual framework proposed by SSDM, a methodology developed by one of the

Ricardo Rodriguez-Ulloa; Alberto Paucar-Caceres

223

Pew Research Journalism Project: Twitter News Consumers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How do adults get their news? Based on a recent study from the Pew Research Journalism Project, approximately 8 percent of all adults in the United States get their news through Twitter. It's an interesting finding amidst many in this report sponsored via a collaboration with the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. The report looks at a wide range of topics, including analysis of conversations on Twitter around major news events, exploring how people discuss major issues via this particular form of social media. Interestingly enough, the report notes that the majority of those polled (85 percent) get news at least sometimes on mobile devices and that Twitter news consumers are younger and more educated that both the overall population and Facebook news consumers. Visitors can read the complete report here and also peruse additional reports such as "News Coverage Conveys Strong Momentum for Same-Sex Marriage" and "Twitter and the Campaign."

Guskin, Emily; Mitchell, Amy S.

2013-11-04

224

2002 Industry Studies: News Media.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

American journalism is in the midst of a transition unlike any it has experienced in the 225-year history of the republic. The news industry today is facing the proliferation of distribution of outlets, fragmentation and shifting demographics of the audie...

P. Alfieri G. Bender G. Clark J. W. Coleman C. Dellas

2002-01-01

225

Science News of the Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a review of important science news stories of 1990 as reported in the pages of this journal. Areas covered include anthropology, astronomy, behavior, biology, biomedicine, chemistry, computers and math, earth sciences, environment, food science, materials science, paleobiology, physics, science and society, and space sciences. (CW)

Science News, 1990

1990-01-01

226

NABE News, 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the 2000-2001 issues of the "NABE News," a magazine about bilingual education. The theme of each issue is: (1) "Back to School: Anti-Bilingual Ballot Initiatives To Affect Thousands of LEP Students"; (2) "Serving Emerging Populations: School Districts Re-Tool To Respond to New Students' Needs"; (3) "NABE Celebrates 25 Years…

Sosa, Alicia, Ed.

2001-01-01

227

Keep Spreading the News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students develop an understanding of the critical role communication plays in an engineer's life. Students create products to communicate their learning about the engineering role in the environment.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

228

Chem 13 News Digest  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an experiment, using a soap bubble raft, intended to provide insight into the orderly packing of spherical objects and the properties of metallic crystals. Also describes a solubility product experiment which uses barium hydroxide. (MLH)

Friesen, R. J., Ed.

1975-01-01

229

News: Process intensification  

EPA Science Inventory

Conservation of materials and energy is a major objective to the philosophy of sustainability. Where production processes can be intensified to assist these objectives, significant advances have been developed to assist conservation as well as cost. Process intensification (PI) h...

230

To Kill a Messenger; Television News and the Real World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From his vantage point as News Director of CBS News in Washington, the author examines the role of television news in our society and gives an insider's view of the day-to-day process of selecting and presenting news. Highlighting the book are in-depth discussions of past and recent news events. The Nixon "Checkers" speech, John Kennedy's fight to…

Small, William

231

News and Announcements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Supplementary Materials The number of supplementary materials that accompany print articles has grown and also become more varied. The new guidelines for lab experiments call for supplementary materials in most cases, so that the actual materials used in lab can be made available. The From Past Issues column edited by Kathryn Williams and many of the technology columns frequently have supplements for JCE Online. An especially interesting supplement that we would like to call to the attention of readers is a collection of videos from the E. O. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, based on interviews with nuclear chemists who have discovered and studied the heaviest elements. These movies accompany the Viewpoints article, "Chemistry of the Heaviest Elements-One Atom at a Time" by Darleane C. Hoffman and Diana M. Lee. The titles of the movies are listed below; illustrative stills are shown at the bottom of the page. Researchers involved with the segments about Lawrencium include Robert Silva, Torbjorn Sikkeland, Matti Nurmia, Robert Latimer, and Albert Ghiorso, all of whom are from the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. (QuickTime 3 is needed in order to view the videos; it can be downloaded free from http://www.apple.com.)

  • A Brief Note about Plutonium, by Glenn Seaborg
  • Plutonium and Why It Was Kept a Secret
  • The Prediction of the Actinide Series, by Glenn Seaborg
  • First Chemical Separation of Lawrencium at Lawrence Radiation Laboratory in 1970
  • The HILAC or Heavy-Ion Linear Accelerator
  • Discovery of Lawrencium
  • How To Collect Lawrencium Atoms
  • The Discovery of Element 106-Finally
  • The Naming of Element 106
  • The Limits of Discovering the Heavy Elements
  • What Good Is a Heavy Element?
To see these videos, view the Supplements of http://JChemEd.chem.wisc.edu/Journal/Issues/1999/Mar/abs331.html. People: Glenn Seaborg Glenn Seaborg, frequent contributor and faithful supporter of this Journal, died February 25, 1999, at his home in Lafayette, California, at the age of 86. At the Fall 1998 ACS Meeting in Boston he suffered a serious fall following a stroke, from which he never recovered. One of his last photographs, taken the previous day at a Journal luncheon, appears on page 1360 of the November 1998 issue. His commentary on his long career in chemistry and education appears on page 1520 of the December 1998 issue. Seaborg was a Nobel laureate, discoverer of elements, scientific advisor to presidents, former chancellor of the University of California, former chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, chairman of the steering committee of the CHEM Study project, founder of Lawrence Hall of Science, , the list goes on and on. He was at the same time a passionate supporter of education. Seaborg published fourteen articles in the Journal between 1951 and 1998. He was interviewed in 1975 by David Ridgway as part of the Impact series (JCE 1975, 52, 70), and that interview is highly recommended reading (see supplement to this article). He received the 1994 ACS George C. Pimentel Award in Chemical Education; his award address was published in the ACS Division of Chemical Education's CHED Newsletter, Fall 1995. Memorial articles with details of his life and his scientific contributions have appeared in The New York Times (Saturday, February 27, 1999, page 1) and Chemical & Engineering News (March 8, 1999, page 29). But there is also the spirit of the man, what he believed in, what he tried to do, what he hoped he had accomplished. A sense of that can be gained from the excerpts that are reprinted below, taken first from the Impact interview and then from the award address. Ridgway: On reflection, now, out of your many contributions to chemistry, is there one that you feel has had more of an impact than others? Seaborg: The discovery of plutonium would answer that question. The impact th

1999-05-01

232

News and Announcements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

News from Journal House Conceptual Questions and Challenge Problems Many readers are trying to modify the way they teach and in so doing are trying to write new types of questions and problems. The Journal has a new online resource, the JCE Internet Conceptual Questions and Challenge Problems Web site, http://jchemed.chem.wisc.edu/JCEWWW/Resources/CQandChP/index.html . The site is a source of questions and problems that can be used in teaching and assessing conceptual understanding and problem solving in chemistry. Here you can find a library of free-response and multiple-choice conceptual questions and challenge problems, tips for writing these questions and problems, and a discussion of types of concept questions. This site is intended to be a means of sharing conceptual questions and challenge problems among chemical educators. It will be as inclusive as possible, and to achieve this readers need to share their questions and alert the authors to references or Web sites. The screen captures shown below should provide a feeling for what you will find when you visit the site. The authors, William R. Robinson and Susan C. Nurrenbern, welcome additions to the library of conceptual questions or other comments or suggestions. Contact them by email, fax, or regular mail. William R. Robinson and Susan C. Nurrenbern, Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1393. Bill: phone: 765/494-5453; fax: 765/494-0239; email: wrrobin@purdue.edu. Sue: phone: 765/494-0823; fax: 765/494-0239; email: nurrenbe@purdue.edu. fax: 765/494-0239. 1998 Ford Foundation Fellowships The National Research Council has announced the recipients of the 1998 fellowships for minority scholars. Three categories of fellowships were awarded: 50 to beginning graduate students, 33 to students writing their dissertations, and 28 to recent Ph.D. recipients. There were about 1,000 applicants. For information about the next competition contact the Fellowship Office of the National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20418, via email at infofell@nas.edu, or at http://fellowships.nas.edu. 1998 Pre-Doctoral Fellows Rafael Alcala, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Chemical Engineering Diego J. Díaz, Cornell University, Analytical Chemistry Kanya Lynn Henderson, Colorado State University, Biochemistry Félix Mario Rivas, State University of New York, Buffalo, Organic Chemistry 1998 Dissertation Fellows Kristala Lanett Jones, Arizona State University, Chemical Engineering 1998 Postdoctoral Fellows Edgardo Tabión Farinas, Yale University, Interdisciplinary Chemistry Data Base of Online Courses TeleEducation NB, a province-wide distributed distance learning network in the Canadian province of New Brunswick, has implemented an international online course database of more than 9,000 courses. The database includes public and private courses at all levels from more than 15 countries and includes only those courses that can be completed fully online. Courses vary from graduate-level engineering offerings to simple "How to" courses. The database provides access to courses and programs leading to accredited degrees, diplomas, and certificates. Professional development and personal interest courses are also included. Students can access course information by browsing subject areas or by searching specific fields. Hotlinks connect students directly to the delivering institutions. In the past year, there has been an exponential rise in the number of courses being offered online, from fewer than 2,000 in January 1998 to more than 10,000 in December 1998. It is expected that there will be more than 40,000 online courses by the year 2000. The TeleCampus Online Course Database provides students with a means of finding information on courses that meet their needs. The database can be accessed from TeleCampus at http://telecampus.edu. Change in the Introductory Chemistry Course, an Online Course An online conference, Proposals for Change in the Introductory Chemistry Course, will take place from March 29 to April 10, 1999. The

1999-02-01

233

Sheet Bending using Soft Tools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sheet bending is usually performed by air bending and V-die bending processes. Both processes apply rigid tools. These solid tools facilitate the generation of software for the numerical control of those processes. When the lower rigid die is replaced with a soft or rubber tool, the numerical control becomes much more difficult, since the soft tool deforms too. Compared to other bending processes the rubber backed bending process has some distinct advantages, like large radius-to-thickness ratios, applicability to materials with topcoats, well defined radii, and the feasibility of forming details (ridges, beads). These advantages may give the process exclusive benefits over conventional bending processes, not only for industries related to mechanical engineering and sheet metal forming, but also for other disciplines like Architecture and Industrial Design The largest disadvantage is that also the soft (rubber) tool deforms. Although the tool deformation is elastic and recovers after each process cycle, the applied force during bending is related to the deformation of the metal sheet and the deformation of the rubber. The deformation of the rubber interacts with the process but also with sheet parameters. This makes the numerical control of the process much more complicated. This paper presents a model for the bending of sheet materials using a rubber lower die. This model can be implemented in software in order to control the bending process numerically. The model itself is based on numerical and experimental research. In this research a number of variables related to the tooling and the material have been evaluated. The numerical part of the research was used to investigate the influence of the features of the soft lower tool, like the hardness and dimensions, and the influence of the sheet thickness, which also interacts with the soft tool deformation. The experimental research was focused on the relation between the machine control parameters and the most dominant output parameter, the product angle. The numerical analyses are used for the support of the experimental results.

Sinke, J.

2011-05-01

234

SOFT SENSOR DEVELOPMENT AND OPTI- MIZATION OF THE COMMERCIAL PETRO- CHEMICAL PLANT INTEGRATING SUPPORT VECTOR REGRESSION AND GENETIC ALGORITHM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soft sensors have been widely used in the industrial process control to im- prove the quality of the product and assure safety in the production. The core of a soft sensor is to construct a soft sensing model. This paper introduces support vector regression (SVR), a new powerful machine learning method based on a statistical learning theory (SLT) into soft

S. K. LAHIRI; NADEEM M. KHALFE

235

Giving Bad News: A Qualitative Research Exploration  

PubMed Central

Background: The manner in which healthcare professionals deliver bad news affects the way it is received, interpreted, understood, and dealt with. Despite the fact that clinicians are responsible for breaking bad news, it has been shown that they lack skills necessary to perform this task. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore Iranian mothers’ experiences to receive bad news about their children cancer and to summarize suggestions for improving delivering bad news by healthcare providers. Materials and Methods: A qualitative approach using content analysis was adopted. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 mothers from two pediatric hospitals in Iran. Results: Five major categories emerged from the data analysis, including dumping information, shock and upset, emotional work, burden of delivering bad news to the family members, and a room for multidisciplinary approach. Conclusions: Effective communication of healthcare team with mothers is required during breaking bad news. Using multidisciplinary approaches to prevent harmful reactions and providing appropriate support are recommended.

Aein, Fereshteh; Delaram, Masoumeh

2014-01-01

236

News from Galactic Black Holes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Present status of the possible black hole microlensing events and the present understanding of high frequency quasi-periodic oscillations in systems containing black hole candidates (BHCs) are briefly discussed. The growing evidence for the presence of the event horizons around some compact objects is reviewed. Finally, the news from four individual objects (SS 433, GX 339-4, CI Cam and Cyg X-3) are presented and the updated list of BHCs, containing 49 objects is given.

Zió?kowski, Janusz

2003-12-01

237

Science@NASA: Headline News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site features news articles and features that highlight research from NASA's current space missions. The home page provides links to current headline stories and recent stories on space science, astronomy, living in space, Earth science, physical and biological sciences, and advances in technology. The stories are available as podcasts, which can be downloaded or played from the web site, and as illustrated transcripts (text). There is also an archive of stories dating back to 1996.

238

The Scientist: The News Journal for the Life Scientist  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided with the cooperation of the Institute for Science Information (ISI) and the University of Pennsylvania, The Scientist (last discussed in the September 15, 1999 Scout Report for Science & Engineering) is a free newsletter for life scientists. Each issue features a variety of science news stories, focusing on recent developments, as well as commentary, opinion, "Hot Papers," professional information, commercial products and services, and jobs. Users can browse and search back issues and also subscribe to a free email notification service.

239

Physician challenges in communicating bad news  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communicating bad news is never easy and for physicians these interactions may be a significant source of stress. To examine\\u000a the characteristics that make delivering of bad news stressful, two studies were conducted. In the first study, 37 physicians\\u000a generated 192 responses describing the characteristics that influence how difficult it is to break bad news. After sorting\\u000a the responses in

J. T. Ptacek; Elizabeth G. McIntosh

2009-01-01

240

32 CFR 516.53 - News media and other inquiries.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false News media and other inquiries. 516.53 Section 516...United States Has An Interest § 516.53 News media and other inquiries. News media inquiries regarding litigation or...

2013-07-01

241

26 CFR 49.4253-2 - Exemption for news services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Exemption for news services. 49.4253-2 Section 49...Communications § 49.4253-2 Exemption for news services. (a) In general. The exemption for news services provided by section...

2013-04-01

242

Gatekeeping, Indexing, and Live-Event News: Is Technology Altering the Construction of News?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are interested in event-driven news, defined as coverage of activities that are, at least at their initial occurrence, spontaneous and unmanaged by officials within institutional settings. Most news most of the time has its origins in official proceed- ings and pronouncements. That may be changing. We want to know if event-driven news stories, facilitated by technological advancements such as

Steven Livingston; W. Lance Bennett

2003-01-01

243

Soft Tissue Sarcoma  

MedlinePLUS

... tissue sarcoma is a cancer of these soft tissues. There are many kinds, based on the type of tissue they started in. They may cause a lump ... or have certain genetic diseases. Doctors diagnose soft tissue sarcomas with a ... chemotherapy, or a combination. NIH: National Cancer Institute

244

Oral bioavailability of active principles from herbal products in humans. A study on Hypericum perforatum extracts using the soft gelatin capsule technology.  

PubMed

The oral absorption of two known active principles of Hypericum perforatum, namely hyperforin and hypericin, was studied in an open, single dose, two-way, randomized, cross-over study involving 12 healthy subjects (six males and six females). Alcoholic Hypericum extract (300 mg, containing 5% hyperforin and 0.3 % hypericin) was administered in the morning after 12 hours fasting. The formulation was administered as softgel capsules containing, inter alia, soya oil together with the herbal extract. A second standard formulation in two piece hard gelatin capsules was also used for comparison purposes. Blood was sampled from the subjects at different times after drug administration and the plasma was analysed according to published analytical methods for the determination of hyperforin and hypericin. Peaks of plasma concentration, Cmax of hyperforin were 168.35 ng/ml +/- 57.79 for the soft gelatin formulation (CV=34.32, n=12) and 84.25 ng/ml +/- 33.51 for the hard gelatin capsule (CV=39.77, n=12). The Tmax values for hyperforin were 2.50 h +/- 0.83 for the soft gelatin formulation compared to 3.08 h +/- 0.79 for the reference formulation, whereas the total AUC were respectively 1482.7 h x ng/ml +/- 897.13 and 583.65 h x ng/ml +/- 240.29. As for hypericin, plasma levels were detectable in approximately half of the subjects treated. However also in this case the soft gelatin capsules exhibited a higher individual absorption when compared with the corresponding data for the hard gelatin capsules. PMID:11194173

Agrosi, M; Mischiatti, S; Harrasser, P C; Savio, D

2000-12-01

245

Deciding Who's News: A Content Analysis of Disaster, National and International News in Two Elite Newspapers from 1885 through 1989.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study analyses the relationship between international news references and disaster news references in the New York Times and the Los Angeles Times. The American media receive frequent criticism for inadequate coverage of news from other nations. Both...

C. L. Sito

1990-01-01

246

Soft Landing of Complex Molecules on Surfaces *  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Soft and reactive landing of mass-selected ions onto surfaces has become a topic of substantial interest due to its promising potential for the highly controlled preparation of materials. For example, there are possible applications in the production of peptide and protein microarrays for use in high-throughput screening, protein separation and conformational enrichment of peptides, redox protein characterization, thin-film production, and the preparation of catalysts through deposition of clusters and organometallic complexes. Soft landing overcomes many of the limitations associated with conventional thin-film production techniques and offers unprecedented selectivity and specificity of preparation of deposited species. This review discusses the fundamental aspects of soft and reactive landing of mass-selected ions on surfaces that pertain to applications of these techniques in biomaterials, molecular electronics, catalysis, and interfacial chemistry.

Johnson, Grant E.; Hu, Qichi; Laskin, Julia

2011-07-01

247

Soft gelatin capsules (softgels).  

PubMed

It is estimated that more than 40% of new chemical entities (NCEs) coming out of the current drug discovery process have poor biopharmaceutical properties, such as low aqueous solubility and/or permeability. These suboptimal properties pose significant challenges for the oral absorption of the compounds and for the development of orally bioavailable dosage forms. Development of soft gelatin capsule (softgel) dosage form is of growing interest for the oral delivery of poorly water soluble compounds (BCS class II or class IV). The softgel dosage form offers several advantages over other oral dosage forms, such as delivering a liquid matrix designed to solubilize and improve the oral bioavailability of a poorly soluble compound as a unit dose solid dosage form, delivering low and ultra-low doses of a compound, delivering a low melting compound, and minimizing potential generation of dust during manufacturing and thereby improving the safety of production personnel. However, due to the very dynamic nature of the softgel dosage form, its development and stability during its shelf-life are fraught with several challenges. The goal of the current review is to provide an in-depth discussion on the softgel dosage form to formulation scientists who are considering developing softgels for therapeutic compounds. PMID:20737624

Gullapalli, Rampurna Prasad

2010-10-01

248

NEWS: Design and creativity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Delcam, a manufacturing software developer, has supplied substantial funding towards a UK Government initiative intended to revolutionize the study of design and technology in schools. The computer-aided design software for schools (CAD-CAM) programme will give students a bridge into industry by enabling them to employ video links with engineers at companies such as British Aerospace and Rolls Royce. They will then be able to convert their virtual reality designs into a finished product. When the revised National Curriculum comes into effect this year, CAD-CAM will become compulsory from Key Stage 3, reflecting the greater focus on work-related learning, as well as the added importance being given to Information and Communications Technology (ICT) within the curriculum. Under the new scheme, schools can use a range of software designed in the UK (currently used for such items as jet aircraft and Formula One racing cars), which is being made available free of charge. The Design and Technology Association is monitoring the programme and the schools taking part have had to propose targets, focused on curriculum innovation, pupil outcomes and staff development. Still on the theme of design is the `Young Foresight' project launched in January and inviting 13 to 14 year-olds to tackle the challenges of the future through designing a new product for the world of 2020. The aim here is to encourage creativity, enterprise and innovation among young people by giving them an idea of what is involved in the design and development of a successful product. The students will be supported by mentors drawn from the local business community and there will be related BBC schools television programmes early in March with classroom resources, teacher training and an interactive website. The first phase of the initiative, based on 100 schools from across England and Wales, should be completed by autumn 2000, with phase 2 for 3000 schools over a three-year period incorporating a further nine programmes reflecting the work of the national Foresight Panels. The national Foresight programme is about preparing for the future by identifying market drivers, threats and opportunities and using that knowledge to inform the decisions that need to be taken today. Details can be viewed at www.foresight.gov.uk And for those with any remaining untapped ingenuity, the deadline is fast approaching for this year's `Young Engineer for Britain' competition. Young people, either individually or in teams of up to four, are invited to demonstrate their engineering skills in an event with a total prize value of over £65 000. The individual winner takes away a personal prize of £2500 plus a trophy, and their school receives an additional £2500 for engineering teaching equipment. Entry details can be obtained from Young Engineers for Britain, Engineering Council, 10 Maltravers Street, London WC2R 3ER and the closing date is 28 April 2000 .

2000-03-01

249

Mediating subpolitics in US and UK science news.  

PubMed

The development of therapeutic cloning research sparked a scientific controversy pitting patients' hopes for cures against religious and anti-abortion opposition. The present study investigates this controversy by examining the production and content of Anglo-American print media coverage of the branch of embryonic stem cell research known as "therapeutic cloning." Data collection included press articles about therapeutic cloning (n = 5,185) and qualitative interviews with journalists (n = 18). Patient activists and anti-abortion groups emerged as key news sources in this coverage. Significant qualitative differences in the mediation of these subpolitical groups and their arguments for and against therapeutic cloning are identified. Results suggest that the perceived human interest news value of narratives of patient suffering may give patient advocacy groups a privileged position in journalistic coverage. Finally, Ulrich Beck's theoretical arguments about subpolitics are critically applied to the results to elicit further insights. PMID:22530488

Jensen, Eric

2012-01-01

250

Power Prose: The Syntax of Presidential News  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared news coverage of Presidents Carter and Reagan at times of crisis. Using content analysis to examine stories sampled from the New York Times and Washington Post, this study found news stories became more wordy in crisis times. For Carter this was when Iran captured hostages in November 1979, and for Reagan it was the revelation of arms

Katherine C. McAdams

1990-01-01

251

Broadcast Journalism; An Introduction to News Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The important features of writing news for radio and television are covered in this book. Ways to write colorful, accurate, and timely stories are explained with the emphasis on the differences between broadcast and newspaper stories. Other subjects treated are sources of news (including explanations of how the Associated Press copy works and how…

Hall, Mark W.

252

Generating summaries of multiple news articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a natural language system which summarizes a series of news articles on the same event. It uses sum- marization operators, identified through empirical analysis of a corpus of news summaries, to group together templates from the output of the systems developed for ARPA's Mes- sage Understanding Conferences. Depending on the avail- able resources (e.g., space), summaries of different

Kathleen McKeown; Dragomir R. Radev

1995-01-01

253

Workforce Competitiveness Collection. "LINCS" Resource Collection News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This edition of "'LINCS' Resource Collection News" features the Workforce Competitiveness Collection, covering the topics of workforce education, English language acquisition, and technology. Each month Collections News features one of the three "LINCS" (Literacy Information and Communication System) Resource Collections--Basic Skills, Program…

Literacy Information and Communication System, 2011

2011-01-01

254

Program Management Collection. "LINCS" Resource Collection News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This edition of "'LINCS' Resource Collection News" features the Program Management Collection, which covers the topics of Assessment, Learning Disabilities, and Program Improvement. Each month Collections News features one of the three "LINCS" (Literacy Information and Communication System) Resource Collections--Basic Skills, Program Management,…

Literacy Information and Communication System, 2011

2011-01-01

255

Television and the News: A Critical Appraisal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains a documented critical analysis of the state of broadcast journalism in the United States. It also examines the conditions that prevent news broadcasting as a practice from being a profession, and suggests steps needed to achieve professionalism in providing the kind of news service the nation needs but is not getting. Some of…

Skornia, Harry J.

256

Mass News: Practices, Controversies, and Alternatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This selection of readings, primarily intended for a college journalism course, discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the major sources of the public news--the wire services, newspapers, and television. The first part of the book deals with the context of mass news and serves as an introduction to some of the crucial ideas shaping thinking…

Leroy, David J., Ed.; Sterling, Christopher H., Ed.

257

Measuring the Interestingness of News Articles.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An explosive growth of online news has taken place. Users are inundated with thousands of news articles, only some of which are interesting. A system to filter out uninteresting articles would aid users that need to read and analyze many articles daily, s...

A. F. Cardenas D. J. Buttler R. K. Pon

2007-01-01

258

Library Media Specialists: Doing the News!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Newspapers in Education (NIE) Week and how it can relate to school library media specialists. Highlights include the convergence of news media, including news on the Web; ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) resources, including lesson plans; relevant books; Web sites; and Web journalism. (LRW)

Barron, Daniel D.

2003-01-01

259

Concerns about crime and local television news  

Microsoft Academic Search

“If it bleeds it leads.”; The crime story is the most popular topic for the typical local television news broadcast, comprising at least 28% of the stories covered. The present hypothesis predicts that greater amounts of local television news viewing will be associated with greater support for policies that punish criminals as opposed to support for policies that address social

Todd C. Trautman

2004-01-01

260

Satellite News Feeds: Protecting a Transient Interest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Satellite news gathering (SNG) has been widely adopted in broadcast journalism in recent years, and appears likely to grow in importance as local television news operations increase their reliance on it. However, because the technology for SNG is so new, information transmitted through SNG systems is not adequately protected under current laws.…

Atwater, Tony; And Others

261

Developing a News Media Literacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a framework previously applied to other areas of media literacy, this study developed and assessed a measurement scale focused specifically on critical news media literacy. Our scale appears to successfully measure news media literacy as we have conceptualized it based on previous research, demonstrated through assessments of content,…

Ashley, Seth; Maksl, Adam; Craft, Stephanie

2013-01-01

262

Financial Activity Mining from Online Multilingual News  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a financial knowledge management system, known as FAM, which is able to digest online news and conduct financial activity mining. Financial online news articles are automatically fetched from the Web. By analyzing the text content, metadata capturing major attributes such as company names and people names are automatically extracted. The metadata together with content terms are processed to

Pik-shan Cheung; Ruizhang Huang; Wai Lam

2004-01-01

263

Daily Egyptian Diversity News Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed as part of the online collections at Southern Illinois University-Carbondale's Morris Library, the Daily Egyptian Diversity News Index provides historical insight into the campus climate at this unique school. In 2006, Dr. Seymour Bryson, the associate chancellor for diversity, teamed up with several other colleagues to identify articles in the Daily Egyptian (the University's student newspaper) related to the university's historic minority campus populations. The project entailed surveying microfilm and creating searchable transcripts for online access. Currently, the online archive contains over 1,400 items from the Daily Egyptian, and content includes pieces on African American members of the homecoming court, student activists, musical groups, and student government.

264

U.S. Water News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online magazine features news articles from around the world about legal, economic, and cultural factors related to water. The archives include articles from 1995-present and are searchable by topic: supply, quality, policy, conservation, litigation/rights, global resource, or by keyword. The site also provides a list of water meetings and conferences and a free sample of the Water Investment Newsletter, which includes information about water stocks and investments. Educators can access information and examples for teaching about legal, economic, and cultural factors related to water.

2002-07-31

265

Turning Science Results into News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Do you want to get into the New York Times? Aside from writing an angry letter or robbing a bank, getting into the news (with your science result) requires a well-crafted press release. Reaching out to reporters is very different from reaching out to fellow scientists. Scientific significance is not the same as newsworthiness, but many science results can be molded into interesting stories that reporters can relate to their audience. This presentation will present examples of science stories that made it big and some that flopped. We will also examine what makes a story attractive to newspaper and magazine editors.

Wanjek, Christopher

2006-09-01

266

NOVA: Science in the News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Australian Academy of Science produces this useful information resource on current scientific news in Australia. NOVA covers a wide range of topics, including soil salinity (how technology is being used to monitor the extent of dryland salinity "threatening large areas of Australia's agricultural zone"), wind power, osteoporosis, the Southern Ocean and global climate, and Fuelling the 21st century, among many others. Each article provides general and in-depth information, including a hyperlinked summary, glossary, and suggested readings. A list of useful sites rounds out each topic.

Payne, Laura X.

267

Slicing Softly with Shear  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A soft solid is more easily sliced using a combination of normal and shearing deformations rather than diced by squeezing down on it normally with the same knife. To explain why this is so, we experimentally probe the slicing and dicing of a soft agar gel with a wire, and complement this with theory and numerical simulations of cutting of a highly deformable solid. We find that purely normal deformations lead to global deformations of the soft solid, so that the blade has to penetrate deeply into the sample, well beyond the linear regime, to reach the relatively large critical stress to nucleate fracture. In contrast, a slicing motion leads to fracture nucleation with minimal deformation of the bulk and thus a much lower barrier. This transition between global and local deformations in soft solids as a function of the angle of shear explains the mechanics of the paper cut and design of guillotine blades.

Reyssat, E.; Tallinen, T.; Le Merrer, M.; Mahadevan, L.

2012-12-01

268

Soft-tissue chondromas  

SciTech Connect

Soft-tissue chondromas are benign, relatively rare lesions. The clinicopathologic and radiologic features in six cases are presented and the literature is reviewed. Five of six cases had calcifications. Peripheral curvilinear calcification was seen in two cases, multiple ringlike areas characteristic of cartilage in one, and discrete ossification in another. Histopathologically, they were diverse, ranging from an immature pattern with a preponderance of chondroblasts to a more mature form with chondrocytes. Although these lesions resemble a wide variety of other soft-tissue lesions, they can usually be differentiated by their small size, characteristic location in the extremities, the nature of their calcifications, and the histopathologic features. The importance of this lesion is that it is benign. It must be distinguished from more aggressive soft-tissue neoplasms such as soft-tissue chondrosarcoma so as to spare the patient unnecessary radical therapy.

Zlatkin, M.B.; Lander, P.H.; Begin, L.R.; Hadjipavlou, A.

1985-06-01

269

CambridgeSoft  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CambridgeSoft provides a variety for software for chemical structure drawing and visualization, including the popular ChemDraw and Chem3D programs. Chem3D Ultra includes computational chemistry capability.

270

Very Soft Sculpture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructions are provided for making dolls, or soft people sculptures, by stuffing nylons with cotton and shaping the result with stitching and decoration. This article is one of seven in this issue on fiber arts. (SJL)

deGrassi, Jennifer

1979-01-01

271

News and Announcements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New Source of Information from Advertisers The Journal has a new feature effective with the June 1999 issue. If you would like additional information about our advertisers or their products, the quickest and easiest way to get it is via JCE Online: go to http://jchemed.chem.wisc.edu click on Ad Index This will take you to the list of advertisers, each conveniently linked to their home page. When you do contact our advertisers, be sure to tell them that you saw their ad in the Journal of Chemical Education. This is important to them, and to us. JCE Software Receives Award The Journal recently received notice that JCE Software portion of JCE Online has been selected as a Links2Go Key Resource for the topic of chemistry software. According to Links2Go (www.links2go.com), JCE Software's home page is one of the top fifty most accessed online resources in the area of chemistry software (currently ranked 45). Thanks to all of you who have visited JCE Online and the JCE Software area to make this possible. If you haven't visited the site yet, you can go there directly (http://jchemed.chem.wisc.edu/JCESoft/index.html ) as well as via our JCE Online home page. You will be greeted with a short video of nitrogen triiodide exploding and be able to get a wealth of information about our latest releases, software, CD-ROMs/Video, student resources, materials for authors and software developers. You can see color graphics from our CD-ROMs, video, and software,... Actually, if you are familiar with our Catalog, this is much better. 1999 Welch Chemistry Prize Richard N. Zare, the Marguerite Blake Wilbur Professor of Natural Science at Stanford University, has been named the 1999 recipient of the Welch Award in Chemistry for his lifetime achievements in physical and analytical chemistry. Zare's interests focus on the development and application of lasers and other novel instruments to explore chemical frontiers, ranging from molecules to chemical processes, from the inside of cells to the inside of meteorites. Zare and colleague Andrew Alexander are contributors to the Journal's Viewpoints series, sponsored by the Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation: "Anatomy of Elementary Chemical Reactions", JCE, 1998, 75, 1105. The Welch Award in Chemistry has been given by the Welch Foundation since 1972 to honor lifetime achievements in the field. Zare will be honored and presented with a $300,000 prize and gold medallion during the Foundation's annual award banquet held in Houston in October. NEACT Conference: Chemistry of Materials and Material Science The 61st Summer Conference of NEACT, the New England Association of Chemistry Teachers, will be held from Monday, August 9, through Thursday, August 12, at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, MA. The four-day conference will feature an exploration of the chemistry of materials and material science and effective methods of presenting these in the classroom and laboratory. The keynote address is "Teaching Solid State Chemistry at MIT" by Ron Latanision of MIT's Department of Material Science. Other presentations include "Driving Force", James Livingston; "The Colorful Nanoworld", Moungi Bawendi; "Molecular Wire-Based Amplification in Chemical Sensors", Timothy Swager; "Putting Solids in the Foundation", Arthur Ellis, George Lisensky, and Karen Nordell; "Miracle Materials", Valerie Wilcox; "Teaching About Polymers to Chemistry Students", Richard Stein; and "Using Software in Teaching About Polymers to Chemistry Students", William Vining. There will be a selection of workshops on the conference theme as well. The conference is open to all. The program chairperson is Peter J. Nassiff, Science Department Chairperson at Burlington High School. For further information contact Nassiff at 80 Gregory Road, Framingham, MA 01701; email: pnassiff@massed.net. Call for Symposia, Papers, & Workshops: 16th BCCE The Web site for the 16th Biennial Conference on Chemical Education, July 30-August 3, 2000, at the Un

1999-07-01

272

NEWS: TRUMP resources  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Support for astronomy in A-level physics aslogo Help is at hand for teachers and students choosing astronomy as part of A-level physics. The Teaching Resources Unit for Modern Physics (TRUMP) has produced a resource package covering all the astronomical options in the Edexcel, OCR and AQA (NEAB) syllabuses. The forerunner to TRUMP was the project that produced the highly successful Particle Physics Pack, sponsored by the Institute of Physics, which was instrumental in introducing particle physics into A-level syllabuses. The TRUMP Astrophysics Resource Package fills a gap between the colourful stimulus of popular materials on the one hand, and professional texts on the other. But this is not just another A-level textbook; the six-part resource pack has a similar structure and purpose to the Particle Physics Pack. It provides over 400 pages of comprehensive information for teachers, building on their existing subject knowledge and bringing them up to date as well as giving suggestions for teaching and notes on syllabus coverage. The package includes nearly 40 photocopiable sheets for students. The emphasis is on the physics that underpins the astronomy. There are details of student activities requiring no specialist equipment beyond that normally found in A-level labs, exercises using authentic data, and plenty of questions (all with worked solutions). The development of the TRUMP Astrophysics Package was funded by the Nuffield Foundation, the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council, the Institute of Physics and York University. The package is available by mail order, price £48 (inc. UK p&p) from the TRUMP Project, Science Education Group, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD. Some parts may be purchased separately; for details contact the project's director, Elizabeth Swinbank (tel: 01904 434537, fax: 01904 434078, e-mail: es14@york.ac.uk) or consult the web page www.york.ac.uk/org/seg/trump. The BaBar experiment balogo In the spring of 1999, scientists began to collect data from the BaBar experiment - an international collaboration involving the UK, several other European countries and the USA. The experiment is designed to throw light on the puzzling question of why there is so little antimatter in the universe and so much matter. The TRUMP BaBar resource package brings the mystery of antimatter into schools. There are notes and colourful posters on the physics of BaBar, and photocopiable sheets supporting student activities. These include explorations of symmetry, templates for making a scale model of the BaBar detector, and a web-based research project. The pack is designed mainly for A-level physics (particularly those courses that include some particle physics) but parts also relate to GCSE science, Scottish Higher physics and Standard physics. The BaBar resource package is available free from the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council, which fully funded its development and production. Contact the Publicity Team, PPARC, Polaris House, North Star Avenue, Swindon, Wiltshire SN2 1SZ (tel: 01973 442123, e-mail: pr_pus@pparc.ac.uk).

Swinbank, Elizabeth

2000-05-01

273

AgExporter: The Good News about U.S. Foods in France.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The magazine is targeted at business firms selling U.S. farm products overseas. It provides marketing opportunities and profiles for a variety of products and countries, as well as development in trade policy. This month's magazine features 'Good News Abo...

1989-01-01

274

Soft Tissue Augmentation in Dermatology - 2009 Update  

PubMed Central

The number of products available to dermatologists for soft tissue augmentation has grown significantly over the past several years in the US. This manuscript will review the various hyaluronic acid fillers and other Food and Drug Administration -approved products we are utilizing for our patients in the rejuvenation process. It is hoped that through this article clinicians will feel more comfortable using these products in their everyday practice of dermatology.

Gold, Michael H

2010-01-01

275

Necrotizing soft tissue infections  

PubMed Central

Necrotizing soft tissue infections are a group of highly lethal infections that typically occur after trauma or surgery. Many individual infectious entities have been described, but they all have similar pathophysiologies, clinical features, and treatment approaches. The essentials of successful treatment include early diagnosis, aggressive surgical debridement, antibiotics, and supportive intensive treatment unit care. The two commonest pitfalls in management are failure of early diagnosis and inadequate surgical debridement. These life-threatening infections are often mistaken for cellulitis or innocent wound infections, and this is responsible for diagnostic delay. Tissue gas is not a universal finding in necrotizing soft tissue infections. This misconception also contributes to diagnostic errors. Incision and drainage is an inappropriate surgical strategy for necrotizing soft tissue infections; excisional debridement is needed. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy may be useful, but it is not as important as aggressive surgical therapy. Despite advances in antibiotic therapy and intensive treatment unit medicine, the mortality of necrotizing soft tissue infections is still high. This article emphasizes common treatment principles for all of these infections, and reviews some of the more important individual necrotizing soft tissue infectious entities.???Keywords: fasciitis; gas gangrene; clostridium infections; streptococcal infections; necrosis; debridement; surgical infections; soft tissue infections

Urschel, J.

1999-01-01

276

Teaching Soft Skills Employers Need  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identifies the soft skills community colleges teach in an office technology course and determines whether the skills taught are congruent with the soft skills employers require in today's entry-level office work. A qualitative content analysis of a community college office technology soft skills course was performed using 23 soft

Ellis, Maureen; Kisling, Eric; Hackworth, Robbie G.

2014-01-01

277

Space Shuttle Status News Conference  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Richard Gilbech, External Tank "Tiger Team" Lead, begins this space shuttle news conference with detailing the two major objectives of the team. The objectives include: 1) Finding the root cause of the foam loss on STS-114; and 2) Near and long term improvements for the external tank. Wayne Hale, Space Shuttle Program Manager, presents a chart to explain the external tank foam loss during STS-114. He gives a possible launch date for STS-121 after there has been a repair to the foam on the External Tank. He further discusses the changes that need to be made to the surrounding areas of the plant in New Orleans, due to Hurricane Katrina. Bill Gerstemaier, NASA Associate Administrator for Space Operations, elaborates on the testing of the external tank foam loss. The discussion ends with questions from the news media about a fix for the foam, replacement of the tiles, foam loss avoidance, the root cause of foam loss and a possible date for a new external tank to be shipped to NASA Kennedy Space Center.

2005-01-01

278

The NEWS Water Cycle Climatology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Energy and Water Cycle Study (NEWS) program fosters collaborative research towards improved quantification and prediction of water and energy cycle consequences of climate change. In order to measure change, it is first necessary to describe current conditions. The goal of the first phase of the NEWS Water and Energy Cycle Climatology project was to develop "state of the global water cycle" and "state of the global energy cycle" assessments based on data from modern ground and space based observing systems and data integrating models. The project was a multi-institutional collaboration with more than 20 active contributors. This presentation will describe the results of the water cycle component of the first phase of the project, which include seasonal (monthly) climatologies of water fluxes over land, ocean, and atmosphere at continental and ocean basin scales. The requirement of closure of the water budget (i.e., mass conservation) at various scales was exploited to constrain the flux estimates via an optimization approach that will also be described. Further, error assessments were included with the input datasets, and we examine these in relation to inferred uncertainty in the optimized flux estimates in order to gauge our current ability to close the water budget within an expected uncertainty range.

Rodell, Matthew; Beaudoing, Hiroko Kato; L'Ecuyer, Tristan; William, Olson

2012-01-01

279

Stock price jumps: news and volume play a minor role  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to understand the origin of stock price jumps, we cross-correlate high-frequency time series of stock returns with different news feeds. We find that neither idiosyncratic news nor market wide news can explain the frequency and amplitude of price jumps. We find that the volatility patterns around jumps and around news are quite different: jumps are followed by increased

Armand Joulin; Augustin Lefevre; Daniel Grunberg; Jean-Philippe Bouchaud

2008-01-01

280

Index to NASA news releases and speeches, 1992  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This issue of the Index to NASA News Releases and Speeches contains a listing of news releases distributed by the Office of Public Affairs, NASA Headquarters, and a selected listing of speeches presented by members of the Headquarters staff during 1992. The index is arranged in six sections: subject index, personal names index, news release number index, accession number index, speeches, and news releases.

1993-01-01

281

Coca-Cola Products Recalled in Europe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News reports on Coca-Cola product contamination in Belgium. The biggest product recall in Coca-Cola's 113-year history occurred on June 8, 1999 when 40 school children were hospitalized for poison symptoms in Lochristi, Belgium. Coca-Cola brands such as Fanta, Sprite, Nestea, Kinley tonic, Lift, and juice drinks sold under the Minute Maid name were pulled from store shelves in five European nations following the incident, costing the soft-drink giant an estimated $60 million. The company publicly apologized on June 24, but European officials expressed outrage over CEO M. Douglas Ivester's slow response, company allegations of "psychosomatic reactions" among Belgians, poorly constructed press conferences, and other public relations lapses. Coca-Cola Co. attributes the contamination to manufacturing mistakes made in Dunkirk, France where shipping pallets became tainted by the toxic chemical phenol, a corrosive substance frequently used as an antiseptic and disinfectant. These eight resources provide news analysis and company information regarding this important consumer issue.

Waters, Megan.

282

Cancer News Coverage and Information Seeking  

PubMed Central

The shift toward viewing patients as active consumers of health information raises questions about whether individuals respond to health news by seeking additional information. This study examines the relationship between cancer news coverage and information seeking using a national survey of adults aged 18 years and older. A Lexis-Nexis database search term was used to identify Associated Press (AP) news articles about cancer released between October 21, 2002, and April 13, 2003. We merged these data to the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS), a telephone survey of 6,369 adults, by date of interview. Logistic regression models assessed the relationship between cancer news coverage and information seeking. Overall, we observed a marginally significant positive relationship between cancer news coverage and information seeking (p < 0.07). Interaction terms revealed that the relationship was apparent only among respondents who paid close attention to health news (p < 0.01) and among those with a family history of cancer (p < 0.05). Results suggest that a notable segment of the population actively responds to periods of elevated cancer news coverage by seeking additional information, but they raise concerns about the potential for widened gaps in cancer knowledge and behavior between large segments of the population in the future.

NIEDERDEPPE, JEFF; FROSCH, DOMINICK L.; HORNIK, ROBERT C.

2010-01-01

283

A soft coral natural product, 11-episinulariolide acetate, inhibits gene expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and interleukin-8 through attenuation of calcium signaling.  

PubMed

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed in many types of cancer cells. EGFR-mediated signaling involves inflammatory gene expression including cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and interleukin (IL)-8, and is associated with cancer pathogenesis. In a search of phytochemicals with anti-inflammatory activity, the COX-2 and IL-8 inhibitory activities of some marine compounds were examined. After screening these compounds 11-episinulariolide acetate (1) from soft coral exhibited the most potent activity. Reverse-transcription PCR; western blotting; ELISA and luciferase assays were used to test the effect of compound 1 on EGF-stimulated expressions of COX-2 and IL-8 in A431 human epidermoid carcinoma cells. After exposure to 10 ?M of compound 1, expression levels of COX-2 and IL-8 were reduced. In addition; intracellular Ca²? increase and Ca²?-dependent transcription factor activation were blocked by compound 1. Thus, compound 1 can potentially serve as a lead compound for targeting Ca²? signaling-dependent inflammatory diseases. PMID:23774942

Hsu, Wen-Li; Chiu, Siou-Jin; Tsai, Yao-Ting; Chang, Che-Mai; Wang, Jaw-Yan; Wang, Eric Terry; Hou, Ming-Feng; Huang, Chiung-Yao; Sheu, Jyh-Horng; Chang, Wei-Chiao

2013-01-01

284

News  

PubMed Central

Chickenpox cases in the US drop by 80% Novel immunotherapy for breast, ovarian and prostate cancer successfully completes Phase 1 Important progress for Inovio’s universal influenza vaccine Vaccine against ricin exposure successful in phase 1B BCG could help reverse Type 1 Diabetes HPV vaccine: effective, when given early First vaccine for visceral leishmaniasis starts human testing CDC prepares vaccine for new swine flu strain

Riedmann, Eva M.

2012-01-01

285

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Webb-Share update; Astro-cymru update; Copernicus reburied; Tycho to be exhumed; Caledonian anniversary 1: chair of astronomy at Glasgow; Caledonian anniversary II: James Ferguson: Fifty years of weather satellites; H.G. Wells remembered.

Davenhall, Clive

2010-07-01

286

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Particle Physics: LHC switch-on inspires pupils Science Fair: Science takes centre stage in Spain Conference: Czech and Slovak physicists get together Curriculum: UK needs independent curriculum body Conference: Edmonton enjoys a physics-show treat

2008-11-01

287

News  

PubMed Central

Two new combination pediatric vaccines advancing to use in infants Oncolytic viruses successfully delivered intravenously Cuba eliminates hepatitis B among minors under 15 Alzheimer's vaccine trial a success Study: Shingles vaccine safe for patients on immune-suppressing drugs Therapeutic cancer vaccine against metastatic renal cell carcinoma enters Phase 3 Pfizer’s Men B vaccine shows promise in Phase 2 Biovest initiates formal regulatory approval process for BiovaxID in Europe

Riedmann, Eva M.

2012-01-01

288

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physics on Stage: Physics on Stage focuses on life Women in Physics: DNA posters highlight the role of women Physics on Stage: Not just fair but better than ever Physics on Stage: Food inspires teaching of physics Physics on Stage: Powerful performances dispel the myth of boring physics Physics Songs: Physics inspires some of our readers to sing Physics on Stage: Awards recognize achievements of science teachers in Europe Curriculum: Japan tests Advancing Physics UK Assessment System: Assessment overhaul is overdue Future Physicists: Ambassadors are bringing physics alive Physics at work: Physics at work still going strong Teaching Teachers: US coalition helps new teachers Forthcoming Events

2004-01-01

289

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

IRELAND New courses for high-tech Ireland; SCIENCE YEAR Science Year launched with a jump; THE NETHERLANDS School science teachers face uncertainty; KOREA Embedding physics in a cultural context; TEACHING RESOURCES Teacher, get your hook; ICT RESOURCES Stock-take of ICT progress; INTERNET Teachers to test-drive new physics gateway; NEW ZEALAND Physics is valued in New Zealand; JAPAN Advancing Physics in Japan; HIGHER EDUCATION Networking works in Cologne; INSTITUTE MATTERS IoP demands a better deal for physics teachers; AUSTRALIA Physics numbers decline: educators blame the low impact curriculum; SCIENCE FOR THE PUBLIC More than sixty seconds in Glasgow; INTERNET A gift selection of papers from IoP; TEACHING STYLES I know what you did last summer;

2001-11-01

290

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physics on Stage: Física en Acción increases the public’s awareness of science Competition: Winner takes a trip to CERN Ireland: TruePhysics makes life simpler Czech Republic: Technology fun day highlights demand for new science centre Literary Festival: Physicists visit Hay while the Sun shines Science on Stage: Science takes stage in Germany National Convention: NSTA connects science to world Forthcoming Events

2004-07-01

291

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

UK Awards: Teacher of Physics Awards Institute Matters: Institute of Physics Education Conference UK Awards: Top SHAP students win prizes Competition: International creative essay competition UK Awards: Kelvin Medal Particle Physics Resources: New poster from PPARC Australia: Physics Students's Day at Adventure World UK Awards: Bragg Medal winners in a FLAP ASE Annual Meeting: Particle Physics at ASE 2002 UK Grants: PPARC Awards AAPT Winter Meeting: Physics First - but do you need maths? UK In-Service Training: The Particle Physics Institutes for A-level teachers Physics on Stage 2: Not too entertaining this time, please! Scotland: A reasoned approach wins reasonable funding Institute Matters: New education manager Germany: Physics gets real: curriculum change for better teaching Research Frontiers: Let there be light - if you hang on a minute

2002-03-01

292

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

11-14 Science: Scoring for science Advancing Physics: Japanese teachers use Advancing Physics Physics on Stage Highlights: Concept Cartoon competition Institute Membership: CPhys status and you Careers Guidance: Physics on Course 2003 Higher Education: SHAP prize for teachers A-Level Physics: Developing new kinds of physics degrees Careers Guidance: New careers website Higher Education: Fewer physics students in The Netherlands? Republic of Ireland: Task Force on the Physical Sciences Careers Guidance: Changing curriculum standards in China Forthcoming Events

2002-07-01

293

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Energy: Increasing global energy needs require drastic policy changes Germany: Science teachers talk tactics in Bavaria Physics Day: NPL hosts A-level physics day Engineering: ICE members consider the past and the future of engineering IOP Awards: Superb teachers receive awards for their contribution to physics New Zealand: Unlikely location serves up stimulating conference Astronomy: Teaching ideas abound at EAAE event in Spain Mexico: Sharing knowledge about better physics teaching

2006-09-01

294

News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported are (1) rationale for standardizing the purchase of microcomputers by the Houston Independent School District; (2) general criteria used to evaluate bids; and (3) reasons why Bell and Howell was selected as the best bidder. This is the largest single microcomputer purchase by a school district to date. (JN)

Technological Horizons in Education, 1980

1980-01-01

295

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Herschel papers catalogued and accessible; Maskelyne papers accepted for the nation; centenary of the Hamburg Observatory; oldest astrologer's board found; Groupe Flammarion sold; ancient sundial found; keeping time (modern folk song about John Harrison).

Davenhall, Clive

2012-06-01

296

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physics on Stage: Physics on the political stage Women in Physics: Allez les girls! Curriculum: Students want ethics debate in school science Physics on Stage: Buzzing around the tulips Events: GIREP 2002 Competition: Schumacher in the shower! Higher Education: Universities consider conceptual physics courses Resources: Evaluation of Advancing Physics Research Frontiers: Physics Teachers @ CERN 2002 UK Curriculum: Preparing useful citizens China: Changing the approach NSTA Annual Convention: Innovations and simplicity Europe: European Community Science and Society Action Plan Citizenship: ASE-Wellcome Trust citizenship education initiative

2002-05-01

297

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

MASTERCLASSES Researchers help motivate school students; HIGHER EDUCATION Undergraduate physics inquiry launched Sir Peter; PUBLIC UNDERSTANDING OF SCIENCE Chemists take the lead to get science groups pulling together; RESEARCH FRONTIERS Spintronic Chips; LOWER SECONDARY CURRICULUM Why do we teach physics? TEACHING COMMUNITY e-Teachers; AWARDS Nobel Prize; HIGHER EDUCATION Project Phoenics; PARTICLE PHYSICS LEP Closure; TEACHER TRAINING Training salary fails to attract recruits; EVENTS Physics moves into the spotlight

2001-01-01

298

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ASE: Dramatic demonstrations steal the show at ASE ’06 conference Science on Stage: Greek scientists serve up a treat Meeting: Astronomy event will discuss education New Zealand: New Zealand works hard to improve the profile of physics Technology: BETT show moves with the times Awards: SHAP hands out 2005 awards Anniversary: Brunel steps into the limelight Science Made Simple: Science show communicates physics concepts without words Literature: Science Newswise: a guide for teachers

2006-03-01

299

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Einstein year: Einstein is brought back to life for a year of educational events Workshop: Students reach out for the Moon Event: Masterclasses go with a bang Workshop: Students search for asteroids on Einstein's birthday Scotland: Curriculum for Excellence takes holistic approach Conference: Reporting from a mattress in Nachod Conference: 'Change' is key objective at ICPE conference 2005 Lecture: Institute of Physics Schools Lecture series Conference: Experience showcase science in Warwick National network: Science Learning Centre opens Meeting: 30th Stirling Physics Meeting breaks records Competition: Win a digital camera! Forthcoming Events

2005-01-01

300

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spain: ESERA conference debates the teacher researcher relationship Media: Teachers’ TV Associates now launched Slovenia: GIREP seminar: ‘formal’ and ‘informal’ educators work together in Ljubljana Award: Faculty honours rollercoaster designer OECD: Global survey to assess school leavers’ abilities Competition: Opportunity to win revision aid for your class Scotland: Annual meeting UK: Humour and controversy at energy day Training: Teachers get to grips with telescopes Scotland: Educators flock to Stirling 2005

2005-11-01

301

News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Solar Eclipse: Total eclipse aficionados seek out the best observation spots Schools Lecture: Demonstration lectures: what can go wrong will go wrong… Germany: Bridging the education gap Bangladesh: Workshop on science education assists battle against poverty Australia: Teachers gather to share experiences Meeting: Give the examination boards a grilling US Workshops: Workshops demonstrate some excellent teaching apparatus World Year of Physics: WYP events and activities are a great success in New Zealand

2006-05-01

302

ABC News: Video and Audio Newsclips  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ABC News has added a section of video and audio newsclips to its news service at the GO Network, InfoSeek Corporation's Internet portal. Users can see and listen to national headline news, such as a clip from Warren Beatty's speech at an awards dinner Wednesday night (sounding rather presidential). They can also search for additional video files using Videosearch, by Virage. Beatty as a search term turned up a clip about the Clinton family's summer vacation on Martha's Vineyard that included a mention of Beatty's presidential aspirations and opinions on the Democratic Party, but no additional pictures of Beatty.

303

Online NewsHour: Preserving Utah's Wilderness  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With this PBS Online NewsHour feature, visitors can explore the contentious issue of federal wilderness designations in Utah. A battle over these designations "ended when the state convinced the federal government to drop certain land restrictions, an agreement environmentalists say will endanger pristine areas." The entire segment of this NewsHour episode may be viewed online. Visitors with slower Internet connections may wish to use the audio-only feature. The site also includes a transcript and a number of links to related NewsHour stories, including a recent one that examines President Bush's environmental record during former EPA head Christine Todd Whitman's period in office.

304

Knowledge Mining and Visualization on News Webpages and Large-Scale News Video Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional layout of news websites, the combination of classified hierarchical browsing, headline recommendation and keyword-based search, has been used for many years. The keyword-based search is considered to be the most powerful tool for news browsing and retrieval. Unfortunately, the keyword-based query formulation technique is very difficult to use for news audiences because of the mismatch between its requirements

Hangzai Luo; Jiahang Yang; Aoying Zhou; Jianping Fan; Tianming Hu

2008-01-01

305

IBM Research News: Millipede Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On June 11, 2002, researchers at IBM "demonstrated a data storage density of a trillion bits per square inch -- 20 times higher than the densest magnetic storage available today." The project, called Millipede, uses a technique analogous to punch cards to store data, as opposed to traditional methods of magnetic storage. Although it will not likely be used in commercial applications in the near future, the implications of this achievement in nanotechnology are great. This news release gives a brief summary of the findings of the team. A much more detailed technical paper is given via a link on the page, as are several images and animations that show different portions of the Millipede chip.

2002-01-01

306

ATLAS-1 Video News Release  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Allen Kenitzer, from Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), narrates this NASA Kennedy Space Center video presenting a MSFC-Television news release describing the overall scientific objectives of the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications in Science-1 (ATLAS-1) Spacelab mission. Byron Lichtenberg (NASA Science Astronaut) and Anthony O'Neil (ATLAS-1 Mission Manager) explain that the 13 sophisticated and complementary instruments carried in shuttle Atlantis' payload bay are designed to identify the chemical species in our atmosphere, to measure the Sun's energy falling on and entering the atmosphere, to study the behavior of charged particles in the electric and magnetic fields surrounding the earth, and to gather ultraviolet light from stars and galaxies. ATLAS-1 is the first Spacelab flight of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA's) Mission to Planet Earth.

1992-01-01

307

ATLAS-2 Video News Release  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This NASA Kennedy Space Center (KSC) video presents a Marshall Space Flight Center-Television (MSFC-TV) news release describing the objectives of the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications in Science-2 (ATLAS-2), which is being flown on STS-56. Dr. Tim Miller (Mission Scientist), Dr. Marsha Torr (Mission Scientist), and Teresa Vanhooser (Mission Manager) explain that the ATLAS-2 mission is being launched to study earth atmospheric interactions with the sun in general and how manmade chemicals and pollution are contributing to ozone depletion in our atmosphere in particular. Seven instruments comprise the core payload. ATLAS-2 is an integral part of the Spacelab contribution to NASA's Mission to Planet Earth and characterizes the chemical and physical components of Earth's middle atmosphere and the solar energy injected in the atmosphere, studies that began on ATLAS-1.

1993-01-01

308

The maximum hardness principle implies the hard/soft acid/base rule  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A recent paper [P. W. Ayers, J. Chem. Phys122, 141102 (2005)] considered the hard/soft acid/base exchange reaction, showing that the products associated with the hard/soft acid/base rule (in which the hard acid and hard base are bound, as are the soft acid and soft base) have lower energy than the alternative (in which the hard acid and soft base would have been bound and similarly the soft acid and hard base). Here we show that the maximum hardness principle also predicts this result. Unlike the previous derivation, we do not need to make any assumptions about the relative strength of the acids and bases.

Chattaraj, Pratim K.; Ayers, Paul W.

2005-08-01

309

Soft Currency Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Warren Mosler, a partner of Adams, Viner, and Mosler, Ltd., Soft Currency Economics aims to "clearly demonstrate, through pure force of logic, that much of the public debate on many of today's economic issues is invalid, often going so far as to confuse costs with benefits." Mosler attempts to show this through a variety of articles and opinion pieces published from 1997 to the present. Soft Currency Economics also includes a lengthy introduction, which introduces many of Mosler's main concerns, as well as a bibliography.

310

Permanent soft tissue fillers.  

PubMed

As our youth-oriented society ages, interest in nonsurgical aesthetic techniques has generated a dramatic rise in the use of filling agents for facial rejuvenation. Backed by multiple published studies documenting safety and efficacy, soft tissue fillers are often viewed as treatments with minimal recovery time and limited risk of complications when compared with traditional surgical interventions. This has led to a genuine demand for fillers with similar safety profiles but ever increasing longevity in their aesthetic corrections. This review addresses many of the permanent soft tissue fillers that are commercially available worldwide as well as important concerns regarding their complications. PMID:22205527

Wilson, YuShan L; Ellis, David A F

2011-12-01

311

Alternative Fuel News, Vol. 3 No. 2  

SciTech Connect

This special issue of Alternative Fuel News highlights the Fifth National Clean Cities Conference held in Louisville, Kentucky. The momentum for the program is stronger than ever and the coalitions are working to propel the alternative fuel industry forward.

NONE

1999-09-23

312

Channel to Newport News, Virginia (Maintenance Dredging).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project proposes dredging required to maintain the 800-foot wide channel to Newport News. The channel extends westwardly approximately 4.8 miles from Norfolk Harbor Channel to Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company coal piers. Maintenance dredging will r...

1973-01-01

313

KMi Planet: A Web Based News Server  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe KMi Planet, a web based news server which facilitates communication within a our laboratory and allows the wider community to access lab-related items of interest. Unlike most news-of-the-future projects, which focus on personalised newsfeeds, we have concentrated on replicating some of the functionality provided by newsrooms. Our goal was to reduce the article submission overheads for the members

John Domingue; Peter Scott

1998-01-01

314

Breaking bad news--a flow diagram.  

PubMed

Breaking bad news is neither an easy nor a popular task. Properly handled, however, it can be given in a positive way that the individual can both accept and understand. There may be a range of emotions and concerns following the telling of bad news. These need to be explored and worked through with each individual. This flow diagram describes the steps in this important process. PMID:8081554

Faulkner, A; Maguire, P; Regnard, C

1994-01-01

315

21 CFR 133.102 - Asiago fresh and asiago soft cheese.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Asiago fresh and asiago soft cheese. 133.102 Section 133.102 Food...Products § 133.102 Asiago fresh and asiago soft cheese. (a) Asiago fresh cheese, asiago soft cheese, is the food...

2009-04-01

316

21 CFR 133.102 - Asiago fresh and asiago soft cheese.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Asiago fresh and asiago soft cheese. 133.102 Section 133.102 Food...Products § 133.102 Asiago fresh and asiago soft cheese. (a) Asiago fresh cheese, asiago soft cheese, is the food...

2010-04-01

317

New York Times Current News Physics Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 2007 I have been using NYTimes current News articles rich in graphics and physics variables for developing edited one page web (http://CisePhysics.homestead.com/files/NYT.htm) physics questions based on current events in the news. The NYTimes home page listed above contains currently ten pages with about 40 one page current edited News related physics articles per page containing: rich graphics, graphic editions by the author, edited articles, introduction to a question, questions, and answers. I use these web pages to introduce new physics concepts to students with current applications of concepts in the news. I also use these one page physics applications as pop quizzes and extra credit for students. As news happens(e.g. the 2010 Vancouver Olympics) I find the physics applications in the NYTimes articles and generate applications and questions. These new one page applications with questions are added to the home page: http://CisePhysics.homestead.com/files/NYT.htm The newest pages start with page 10 and work back in time to 9, 8, etc. The ten web pages with about 40 news articles per page are arranged in the traditional manner: vectors, kinematics, projectiles, Newton, Work & Energy, properties of matter, fluids, temperature, heat, waves, and sound. This site is listed as a resource in AAPT's Compadre site.

Cise, John

2010-03-01

318

Alveolar soft part sarcoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The type, differentiation and histogenesis of the tumor cells of alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) have been analyzed in a series of ten cases by a light-microscopic, ultrastructural, immunohistochemical and cytologic investigation and quantitative DNA analysis. Four tumors deviated from ordinary ASPS: three were wholly or partly of the so-called pleomorphic variant of ASPS and a fourth tumor showed calcifications

S. Persson; J.-S. Willems; L.-G. Kindblom; L. Angervall

1988-01-01

319

Soft tissue augmentation.  

PubMed

Recent additions to the soft tissue augmentation armamentarium have greatly increased the dermatologic surgeon's choices in optimizing facial contouring and the treatment of acne scars. In this article, we review the science of fillers and look at the future of dermal fillers. PMID:17036659

Hirsch, Ranella J; Cohen, Joel L

2006-09-01

320

Soft-bottom Shores  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Natural history information on some of the organisms found on soft-bottoms mainly in the coasts of Washington. Good pictures and highlights on common invertebrates and plants species, with scientific names provided. Special emphasis on evolutionary adaptations of feeding and other interesting physiological issues. Information on sampling devices also included.

321

Soft X-ray Imaging  

SciTech Connect

The contents of this report cover the following: (1) design of the soft x-ray telescope; (2) fabrication and characterization of the soft x-ray telescope; and (3) experimental implementation at the OMEGA laser facility.

Seely, John

1999-05-20

322

t anti-t production cross section measurement using soft electron tagging in p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV  

SciTech Connect

We measure the production cross section of t{bar t} events in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. The data was collected by the CDF experiment in Run 2 of the Tevatron accelerator at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory between 2002 and 2007. 1.7 fb{sup -1} of data was recorded during this time period. We reconstruct t{bar t} events in the lepton+jets channel, whereby one W boson - resulting from the decay of the top quark pairs - decays leptonically and the other hadronically. The dominant background to this process is the production of W bosons in association with multiple jets. To distinguish t{bar t} from background, we identify soft electrons from the semileptonic decay of heavy flavor jets produced in t{bar t} events. We measure a cross section of {sigma}{sub p{bar p}} = 7.8 {+-} 2.4(stat) {+-} 1.6(syst) {+-} 0.5(lumi).

Chou, John Paul; /Harvard U.

2008-09-01

323

NewsCache - A High-Performance Cache Implementation for Usenet News  

Microsoft Academic Search

Usenet News is reaching its limits as current traffic strains the available infrastructure. News data volume increases steadily and competition with other Internet services has intensified. Consequently bandwidth re- quirements are often beyond that provided by typical links and the processing power needed exceeds a sin- gle system's capabilities. A rapidly growing number of users, especially attracted by WWW, overloads

Thomas Gschwind; Manfred Hauswirth

1999-01-01

324

The international news about governability: A comparison of the New York Times and six news wires  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the international news coverage of governability offered by several news sources. Governability is defined as actual or potential challenges to the domestic political order or stability of a nation, manifested by oppositional violence, leadership crises or institutional change. The New York Times, AP, UPI, Reuters, Northern Reuters, Kyodo and Xinshua are examined for one week. We evaluate

Mark Lichbach

1984-01-01

325

Television News and Sexist Language: A Study of Television News Effects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To test the hypothesis that use of sexist language in television newscasts cultivates images of women as immature, frivolous, or incompetent, two television news anchors (one male, one female) were asked to tape versions of a news story involving a 28-year-old female lottery winner. In one version, each anchor referred to this female as "woman,"…

Gebhardt, Randall E.; Harless, James D.

326

GLOBAL CHANGE RESEARCH NEWS #21: PUBLICATION OF SPECIAL ISSUE OF "CLIMATE RESEARCH"  

EPA Science Inventory

The 21st edition of Global Change Research News announces the publication of a Special Issue of the journal Climate Research entitled, 'Mid-Atlantic Regional Assessment of Climate Change Impacts'. This issue contains 11 papers that are products of the EPA-sponsored Mid-Atlant...

327

A Telling Symbiosis in the Discourse of Hatred: Multimodal News Texts About the "Children Overboard" Affair.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses analytical challenges of multimodal texts as they contribute to production of racial anxiety about asylum seekers. Building on a recent article that discussed the lexical manifestations of increasing racial hatred towards refugees, focuses on the children overboard affair in Australian news. (Author/VWL)

Macken-Horarik, Mary

2003-01-01

328

Bean Market News: 2009 Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Dealer Price Trends - Graphics; Monthly Average Prices; Dry Edible Beans, U.S. Production by Commercial Class, Canadian Pulse Supply and Disposition; Dry Edible Beans, Production by Commercial Class by State; Dry Bean, Pea, and Lentil Production...

2009-01-01

329

A bioinspired soft actuated material.  

PubMed

A class of soft actuated materials that can achieve lifelike motion is presented. By embedding pneumatic actuators in a soft material inspired by a biological muscle fibril architecture, and developing a simple finite element simulation of the same, tunable biomimetic motion can be achieved with fully soft structures, exemplified here by an active left ventricle simulator. PMID:24227698

Roche, Ellen T; Wohlfarth, Robert; Overvelde, Johannes T B; Vasilyev, Nikolay V; Pigula, Frank A; Mooney, David J; Bertoldi, Katia; Walsh, Conor J

2014-02-26

330

Double-Framed Soft Hypervector Spaces  

PubMed Central

The notions of double-framed soft subfields, double-framed soft algebras over double-framed soft subfields, and double-framed soft hypervector spaces are introduced, and their properties and characterizations are considered.

Muhiuddin, G.; Al-Roqi, Abdullah M.

2014-01-01

331

GeneNews Limited: bringing the blood transcriptome to personalized medicine.  

PubMed

GeneNews Limited (TSX:GEN) is a molecular diagnostics company, uniquely positioned to deliver on the promise of personalized medicine. GeneNews has developed and patented the Sentinel Principle(®), an innovative approach to identify clinically actionable disease biomarkers from the blood transcriptome. Novel biomarker panels have been identified to address unmet clinical needs in a broad spectrum of malignancy, including those for oncology, cardiovascular, metabolic and neurological related disorders. Currently available products and services from GeneNews are: ColonSentry™, the world's first blood-based molecular test for colorectal cancer, and; the SentinelGX™ Pharmacogenomic and Companion Diagnostic BloodRNA™ services, established to effectively support pharmaceutical partners in their companion diagnostic, development efforts. PMID:22379995

Novak, David J; Liew, Gailina J; Liew, Choong-Chin

2012-03-01

332

Soft hub for bearingless rotors  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Soft hub concepts which allow the direct replacement of articulated rotor systems by bearingless types without any change in controllability or need for reinforcement to the drive shaft and/or transmission/fuselage attachments of the helicopter were studied. Two concepts were analyzed and confirmed for functional and structural feasibility against a design criteria and specifications established for this effort. Both systems are gimballed about a thrust carrying universal elastomeric bearing. One concept includes a set of composite flexures for drive torque transmittal from the shaft to the rotor, and another set (which is changeable) to impart hub tilting stiffness to the rotor system as required to meet the helicopter application. The second concept uses a composite bellows flexure to drive the rotor and to augment the hub stiffness provided by the elastomeric bearing. Each concept was assessed for weight, drag, ROM cost, and number of parts and compared with the production BO-105 hub.

Dixon, Peter G. C.

1991-01-01

333

A Content Analysis of Smokeless Tobacco Coverage in U.S. Newspapers and News Wires  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Research attention on smokeless tobacco (SLT) has focused on SLT use, health risks, harm-reduction potential, and risk perceptions, but few studies have examined mediated communications about SLT. This study aims to contribute to the literature by providing the first description of SLT coverage in the news, an important communication channel given its ability to educate and shape public opinion about tobacco issues. Methods: A content analysis was conducted on SLT-related news and opinion articles between 2006 and 2010 from top circulating national and state newspapers and select news wires. Articles were coded for the main SLT topic, SLT risk references, and slant of opinion articles. Results: SLT was discussed in news/feature articles (n = 677) in terms of business (28%), new products, product regulation and harm reduction (19%), prevention/cessation (11.4%), taxation (10.2%), profiles/trends in use (9%), bans (8.1%), and tobacco industry promotional activities (4.9%). Health risk references (i.e., addictiveness, carcinogenicity, and specific health effects including oral cancer) were found in 40% of articles, though frequency differed by article topic. Although the majority of opinion articles (n = 176) conveyed an anti-SLT slant (64%), 25.6% were pro-SLT. Conclusions: SLT topics of both national and local importance are covered in the news. Public health professionals can participate in SLT coverage by sending in press releases about new study findings, events, or resources and by submitting opinion pieces to share views or respond to previous coverage. Research on SLT news should continue given its potential to shape the public’s SLT knowledge and opinions.

2013-01-01

334

Soft Magnetic Materials for Improved Energy Performance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A main focus of sustainable energy research has been development of renewable energy technologies (e.g. from wind, solar, hydro, geothermal, etc.) to decrease our dependence on non-renewable energy resources (e.g. fossil fuels). By focusing on renewable energy sources now, we hope to provide enough energy resources for future generations. In parallel with this focus, it is essential to develop technologies that improve the efficiency of energy production, distribution, and consumption, to get the most from these renewable resources. Soft magnetic materials play a central role in power generation, conditioning, and conversion technologies and therefore promoting improvements in the efficiency of these materials is essential for our future energy needs. The losses generated by the magnetic core materials by hysteretic, acoustic, and/or eddy currents have a great impact on efficiency. A survey of soft magnetic materials for energy applications will be discussed with a focus on improvement in performance using novel soft magnetic materials designed for these power applications. A group of premiere soft magnetic materials -- nanocrystalline soft magnetic alloys -- will be highlighted for their potential in addressing energy efficiency. These materials are made up of nanocrystalline magnetic transition metal-rich grains embedded within an intergranular amorphous matrix, obtained by partial devitrification of melt-spun amorphous ribbons. The nanoscale grain size results in a desirable combination of large saturation induction, low coercivity, and moderate resistivity unobtainable in conventional soft magnetic alloys. The random distribution of these fine grains causes a reduction in the net magnetocrystalline anisotropy, contributing to the excellent magnetic properties. Recently developed (Fe,Co,Ni)88Zr7B4Cu1 alloys will be discussed with a focus on the microstructure/magnetic property relationship and their effects on the energy efficiency of these materials for AC applications.

Willard, Matthew

2012-02-01

335

Soft tissue infections.  

PubMed

Several infectious processes ranging in severity from mild to overwhelming that affect the soft tissues are reviewed. Superficial infections such as impetigo, erysipelas, cellulitis, and subcutaneous bursitis are common and, for the most part, can be easily treated. Because suppurative tenosynovitis has the potential to destroy tendons, consultation with a hand surgeon should be obtained immediately. Mycobacterial and fungal tenosynovitis is usually chronic and patients present with a mass which, when excised and examined with appropriate stain and culture, reveals the unexpected diagnosis. Tropical myositis (muscle abscesses) is seen in temperate climates, primarily as a complication of AIDS. Necrotizing fasciitis and gas gangrene represent the hyperacute end of the spectrum of soft tissue restrictions. Although in most cases a history of trauma is present, spontaneous gas gangrene may arise from occult and colonic cancer. Patients do poorly unless immediate and extensive surgery is performed and appropriate antibiotics are given. PMID:8502773

Canoso, J J; Barza, M

1993-05-01

336

Necrotizing soft tissue infections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Necrotizing soft tissue infections are characterized by necrosis of skin and associated structures. Despite advances in the\\u000a diagnosis and treatment of these infections, the mortality remains high. There have been increasing reports of necrotizing\\u000a fasciitis caused by group A Streptococcus over the past decade. Recent information supports the role of superantigens in the pathogenesis of this infection. The approach\\u000a to

Thomas M. File

2003-01-01

337

Measuring the Interestingness of News Articles  

SciTech Connect

An explosive growth of online news has taken place. Users are inundated with thousands of news articles, only some of which are interesting. A system to filter out uninteresting articles would aid users that need to read and analyze many articles daily, such as financial analysts and government officials. The most obvious approach for reducing the amount of information overload is to learn keywords of interest for a user (Carreira et al., 2004). Although filtering articles based on keywords removes many irrelevant articles, there are still many uninteresting articles that are highly relevant to keyword searches. A relevant article may not be interesting for various reasons, such as the article's age or if it discusses an event that the user has already read about in other articles. Although it has been shown that collaborative filtering can aid in personalized recommendation systems (Wang et al., 2006), a large number of users is needed. In a limited user environment, such as a small group of analysts monitoring news events, collaborative filtering would be ineffective. The definition of what makes an article interesting--or its 'interestingness'--varies from user to user and is continually evolving, calling for adaptable user personalization. Furthermore, due to the nature of news, most articles are uninteresting since many are similar or report events outside the scope of an individual's concerns. There has been much work in news recommendation systems, but none have yet addressed the question of what makes an article interesting.

Pon, R K; Cardenas, A F; Buttler, D J

2007-09-24

338

Fishery, Aquaculture, and Marine Mammal Online News and Information Sources.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A variety of free online sources can be used by Members of Congress and staff seeking current and breaking news on fisheries, aquaculture, and marine mammals. Services identified include newswires and news services, press release services, regional and to...

E. H. Buck

2003-01-01

339

14 CFR 1213.109 - News releases concerning international activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.109 ...offices of External Relations and Public Affairs. (b) NASA...representatives of foreign news media to the Public Affairs Officer of the Office of External Relations for appropriate...

2010-01-01

340

14 CFR 1213.109 - News releases concerning international activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...NEWS AND INFORMATION MEDIA § 1213.109 ...offices of External Relations and Public Affairs. (b) NASA...representatives of foreign news media to the Public Affairs Officer of the Office of External Relations for appropriate...

2009-01-01

341

News from the National Institute of Standards and Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

NIST News announcements: News releases, announcements, and newsletters from the National Institute of Standards and Technology, such as the biweekly NIST UPDATE and "NIST Tech Beat", a tip sheet for science journalists.

342

EDTN Network: The Electronics Design, Technology, and News Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Electronics Design, Technology, and News Network (EDTN) was created by CMPnet and Aspect Development to provide "non-techy" access to technological news stories. Visitors can read about some of the news-making events in the world of electronics or browse through other sections including News Center, EE Design Center, Career Center, and Network Partners. A search tool allows visitors to search the main site and other electronics sites.

1998-01-01

343

Automatic Generation of Computer Animation Conveying Impressions of News Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a passive viewing interface, called News Reader with Emotional Expressions (wEE), which automatically\\u000a generates TV program-like animations with synthesized emotional speech and background music from news articles in a user-specified\\u000a Web news site. A distinctive point of our interface is that it explicitly conveys the impressions of news articles to users\\u000a by determining appropriate background music and

Tadahiko Kumamoto; Akiyo Nadamoto; Katsumi Tanaka

2008-01-01

344

Index to NASA news releases and speeches, 1989  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This issue of the Index to NASA News Releases and Speeches contains a listing of news releases distributed by the Office of Public Affairs, NASA Headquarters, and a selected listing of speeches presented by members of the Headquarters staff during 1989. The index is arranged in six sections: Subject Index, Personal Names Index, News Release Number Index, Accession Number Index, and Speeches and News Releases.

1990-01-01

345

Index to NASA news releases and speeches, 1987  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This issue of the Index to NASA News Releases and Speeches contains a listing of news releases distributed by the Office of Public Affairs, NASA Headquarters, and a selected listing of speeches presented by members of the Headquarters staff during 1987. The index is arranged in six sections: Subject Index, Personal Names Index, News Release Number Index, Accession Number Index, and Speeches and News Releases.

1988-01-01

346

Index to NASA news releases and speeches, 1988  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This issue of the Index to NASA News Releases and Speeches contains a listing of news releases distributed by the Office of Public Affairs, NASA Headquarters, and a selected listing of speeches presented by members of the Headquarters staff during 1988. The index is arranged in six sections: Subject Index, Personal Names Index, News Release Number Index, Accession Number Index, and Speeches and News Releases.

1989-01-01

347

Nucleation-Mode Localization in Hard-Soft Nanocomposites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aligned hard-soft nanocomposites continue to be an active research area in permanent magnetism, challenged by demanding processing requirements but also encouraged by experimental proofs of principle. The approach was initially outlined by Kneller and Hawig (1991), who advocated hard-soft multilayers. Skomski and Coey (1993) considered three-dimensional nanostructures, such as soft spheres in a hard matrix, and predicted an upper energy-product limit of about 1000 kJ/m^3. It is well-established that the dimensions of the soft regions cannot be larger than twice the domain-wall width of the hard phase, but otherwise it was believed that geometry has a rather secondary effect. However, our recent research reveals substantial differences. Soft-in-hard geometries are better than hard-in-soft geometries and embedded soft spheres are better than multilayers. This is in close analogy to the dimensionality-dependent quantum-mechanical delocalization of electrons in an inhomogeneous potential and to the behavior of impurity states in the band gaps of solids. Transparent analytical nucleation-field solutions are found for some geometries and in the limit of very small soft inclusion as a function of the hard-phase coercivity and hysteresis-loop shape.

Skomski, Ralph; Balasubramanian, Balamurugan; Das, Bhaskar; Sellmyer, D. J.

2013-03-01

348

Photographs cause false memories for the news.  

PubMed

What is the effect on memory when seemingly innocuous photos accompany false reports of the news? We asked people to read news headlines of world events, some of which were false. Half the headlines appeared with photographs that were tangentially related to the event; others were presented without photographs. People saw each headline only once, and indicated whether they remembered the event, knew about it, or neither. Photos led people to immediately and confidently remember false news events. Drawing on the Source Monitoring Framework (Johnson, Hashtroudi, & Lindsay, 1993), we suggest that people often relied on familiarity and other heuristic processes when making their judgments and thus experienced effects of the photos as evidence of memory for the headlines. PMID:21062659

Strange, Deryn; Garry, Maryanne; Bernstein, Daniel M; Lindsay, D Stephen

2011-01-01

349

Topic Extraction from News Archive Using TF*PDF Algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

Busy and no time to digest the news archive .... ? Ever since the Web wide-spreading, the amount of electronically available information online, especially news archive pro- liferates and threatens to overwhelm human attention. See- ing this, we propose an information system that will extract the main topics in the news archive in a weekly basis. By getting a weekly

Khoo Khyou Bun; Mitsuru Ishizuka

2002-01-01

350

Discursive imbalance and deficiency in intercultural news communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intercultural news communication has become increasingly common in our current era of globalization. But why are certain topics and certain modes of speech adopted in news making rather than others, leading to discursive imbalance? Why are alternative modes of communication often excluded when news travels from one culture to another, causing discursive deficiency? We take a constructivist approach in this

Bo Shan; Lijun Wan

2008-01-01

351

Why We Watch: Factors Affecting Exposure to Tragic Television News  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the reasons people expose themselves to news depicting tragic events. A total of 376 undergraduates completed anonymous questionnaires about their responses to news coverage of the events of September 11. The study examined the extent to which individual differences in empathy gave rise to news viewing motives (surveillance, reassurance, curiosity), and how these variables, as well as

Cynthia A. Hoffner; Yuki Fujioka; Jiali Ye; Amal G. S. Ibrahim

2009-01-01

352

News for the '90s: A Question of Values.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issue of "Media & Values" gives a perspective on how news is changing, what is missing in the news, and how to spot bias and misinformation in news coverage, both print and electronic. Articles examine the impact of computer imaging on the credibility of photographs and the issue of privacy--just how far should journalists go to get a…

Silver, Rosalind, Ed.; Thoman, Elizabeth, Ed.

1990-01-01

353

The Flow of Foreign News into Six Arab Gulf Newspapers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to determine the nature of foreign news coverage in the Arab Gulf states, a study examined six newspapers in these states (one in each country) in regard to the volume, news sources, and kinds of news (both subject categories and regions covered). Data were selected from 12 issues (one from each month) in 1986 from the following…

Al-Habib, Abdulrahman Ibrahim

354

Index to NASA news releases and speeches, 1990  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This issue of the annual Index to NASA News Releases and Speeches contains a listing of news releases distributed by the Office of Public Affairs, NASA Headquarters, and a selected listing of speeches presented by members of headquarters staff during 1990. The index is arranged in six sections: Subject Index, Personal Names Index, News Release Number Index, Accession Number, Speeches, and New Releases Indices.

1991-01-01

355

Dow Jones News/Retrieval--An IndepthBxook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introduction to the nonbibliographic databases offered by the Dow Jones News/Retrieval Service describes file content and search strategies in four groups: Dow Jones Business and Economic News; Dow Jones Quotes (market prices for stocks and other securities); Financial and Investment Services; General News and Information Services. Examples…

Dempsey, Tim

1984-01-01

356

Children's Response to Broadcast News: Exposure, Evaluation, and Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides evidence of the basic parameters of elementary school students' viewing of national, local, and children's news programing. About half of the children studied regularly watched the special Saturday morning newscasts, while almost half watched adult news programing at least occasionally. News viewing increased steadily from…

Atkin, Charles K.; Gantz, Walter

357

Gray-based news video text extraction approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the news video, As a high-level semantic features, video text play a crucial role for the semantics understanding, video analysis, quick video clips retrieval of news video. We propose a new video character extraction method that is gray-based. It makes full use of gray information of the video image and the news video text features to detect the video

Fu Xiaoling; Gao Hua

2010-01-01

358

A Predictive Framework for Determining How Journalists Determine News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine how to articulate a concrete definition of the substance of the journalist's occupation, this paper offers a propositional framework of news value based on Kurt Lewin's gatekeeper model. First, the paper follows the established suggestion that news decisions are best studied from a gatekeeping perspective or that "news is whatever…

Gaudino, James L.

359

16 CFR 1012.6 - The news media.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...inherently public nature of the news media allows their activities...Agency meetings are held with the news media for the purpose of informing...meetings are not exempt in the event that any representative of the news media attempts to influence...

2010-01-01

360

16 CFR 1012.6 - The news media.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...inherently public nature of the news media allows their activities...Agency meetings are held with the news media for the purpose of informing...meetings are not exempt in the event that any representative of the news media attempts to influence...

2009-01-01

361

Measuring and Testing the Impact of News on Volatility  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the News Impact Curve to measure how new information is incorporated into volatility estimates. A variety of new and existing ARCH models are compared and estimated with daily Japanese stock return data to determine the shape of the News Impact Curve. New diagnostic tests are presented which emphasize the asymmetry of the volatility response to news. A

Robert F. Engle; Victor K. Ng

1991-01-01

362

HeadlineSpot.com: US Newspapers Online News Headlines, World News, Current Events  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The latest creation of StartSpot Mediaworks (see the October 6, 2000 _Scout Report) is a portal to thousands of online news resources. These are indexed by media type (headlines, newswires, newspapers, television, etc.), region, subject, and opinion sections. Links to the top news of the day and headlines are also offered on the main page, sorted by media type and subject, with a frequently updated collection of selected headlines in a right-hand column. In addition, users can also browse for news by city, state, and country via pull-down menus. Very comprehensive and certainly worth a look.

2001-01-01

363

Tipping news in information accumulation system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a continuous opinion dynamics model, the information accumulation system (IAS) includes three basic mechanisms of the news, the inheritance and the diffusion as contributing to the information accumulation process of a system. A system is composed of agents who diffuse information through internal interaction, while each of them has incomplete memory or inheritance rate. The news comes from external sources of information, such as mass media. Previously the model IAS was studied only for the small news problems. In this study, a tipping news problem is considered. A key question of the problem is: what is the minimum strength of advertisement that can tip the minority opinion to a majority one? Dynamics of the IAS is briefly revisited with a special interest on nonlinear behavior of the model. In particular, it is shown that a discrete map of the IAS for a single color problem can be transformed into a logistic map, from which the dynamics of the IAS can be better understood. To show the applicability of the IAS model, the result is applied to explain the concept of the critical population size, which claims that there is a minimum population size for a social knowledge system to be continuously inherited without being lost. And critical size of the tipping news is found analytically in terms of IAS parameters. Some of the key results from the present study are compared in detail with the results from the Brownian particle model, which is believed to be the most similar model to the IAS. The concept of tipping news is used to show that a traditional society can tip at an exceptionally low inter-community exposure. Finally, the result was applied to the language competition problem.

Shin, J. K.

2010-05-01

364

enr.com: Engineering News-Record  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With origins dating back to the 1800s, the Engineering News-Record (ENR) has served the construction industry for generations. Now published in an online edition, ENR has information about construction technology, power and industrial issues, environment, and much more. One of the most interesting sections of the site focuses on new projects around the world, describing innovative buildings and structures, transportation systems, or anything related to construction. Each issue has in-depth feature stories, and a recent one assessed the cleanup and rebuilding operations at the World Trade Center site. ENR is an excellent resource for technical and business related news.

365

Breaking the News in Spinal Cord Injury  

PubMed Central

Summary: Breaking the bad news in terms of prognosis for significant motor recovery following a neurologically complete spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the most difficult tasks for the spinal cord medicine specialist. Learning the skills to facilitate this communication is extremely important to better assist patients to understand their prognosis as well as foster hope for their future. If bad news is delivered poorly it can cause confusion and long-lasting distress and resentment; if done well, it may assist understanding, adjustment, and acceptance. This article provides the physician who cares for patients with SCI with some concepts to consider when discussing prognosis with patients and their families.

Kirshblum, Steven; Fichtenbaum, Joyce

2008-01-01

366

Science Nation: Virtual Newscast: News at Seven  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Scientists at the Intelligent Information Laboratory at the McCormick School of Engineering at Northwestern University in Evanston, Ill.,are working on a project called News at Seven. News at Seven is a computerized newscast. The story selection, the words, the graphic background--even the expressions of the animated newscasters, or avatars--are all determined by computer. With help from the National Science Foundation (NSF), the lab's co-director, Kristian Hammond, and his team are developing artificial intelligence that, in some ways, can think like a journalist.

367

Produce Live News Broadcasts Using Standard AV Equipment: A Success Story from the Le Center High School in Minnesota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the production of news broadcasts on video by a high school class in Le Center, Minnesota. Topics include software for Apple computers, equipment used, student responsibilities, class curriculum, group work, communication among the production crew, administrative and staff support, and future improvements. (LRW)

Rostad, John

1997-01-01

368

Soft tissue mineralization: roentgen analysis.  

PubMed

Numerous, incompletely understood, and undetermined physiologic factors may exert further but unappreciated influences on the development of ectopic calcification and ossification. In the former instance, in addition to serum calcium and phosphorous ion concentrations, tissue pH, blood supply, hormones, i.e., vitamin D, vitamin A, and various enzymes (e.g., alkaline phosphatase and pyrophosphatase) may all play significant, ancillary, time-dependent, but as yet undetermined roles. Ossification, like calcification, may occur in association with many types of disorders and under a variety of circumstances, some of which, such as trauma, have been reduplicated in the laboratory. However, experimental conditions that produce ectopic bone, as well as the species that are predilected do not always coincide with clinical observations in man. Not only are there differences between species in regard to susceptibility to ectopic bone production under particular circumstances, i.e., rabbits are the most susceptible and mice the least to mechanical injury, but there are differences between individuals. Individual variability in susceptibility to soft tissue ossification suggests either a personal or familial predilection. If such liability is inherited, this would be an example of an ecogenetic condition, in which someone is susceptible to an environmental agent by virtue of genetic constitution. Histocompatibility (HLS) antigens have provided substantiation of this concept. In the case of soft tissue ossification, causative environmental agents could include trauma, burns, hip replacement, and immobility secondary to neurological insults. In the case of soft tissue calcification, trauma, infections, or repeated injections could constitute the triggering environmental event. Not only do individuals at risk develop bone, but those that do tend to do so in characteristic places. Therefore, there is an additional differential susceptibility at various sites in the same individual. In cases with neurological conditions, thigh muscles are more susceptible than paraspinal muscles. The underlying condition is a further moderator, i.e., in paraplegics, thigh muscles are most apt to be involved. Elbows are most commonly affected after burns regardless of the site of the burn. Ectopic ossification also has a further predilection for distribution. Not only are muscle groups unequal in risk in terms of site, but the type of muscle affected is relevant, since skeletal muscles are involved in these same conditions to the exclusion of smooth muscles.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:2941237

Feldman, F

1986-01-01

369

Record Production  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Record Production is a website that has been created by record production professionals. Its main draw is the over 200 high quality streaming videos that feature tours of recording studios and interviews with the top record producers in the industry. Aside from the videos, the site also provides reviews of home and studio recording equipment, a news page that highlights updates to the site, as well as a forum.

2006-12-18

370

Applied Soft Computing: Elsevier Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Debuting in March 2001, Applied Soft Computing is the official, online journal of the World Federation on Soft Computing. The journal focuses on "Fuzzy Logic, Neural Networks, Evolutionary Computing, Rough Sets and other similar techniques to address real world complexities." Applications of soft computing are very diverse, ranging from pattern recognition to telecommunications. The most recent issue has five articles, in which genetic programming is a prevalent topic. Access to full online text articles will be free until December 31, 2002.

1999-01-01

371

Soft BCK\\/BCI-algebras  

Microsoft Academic Search

Molodtsov [D. Molodtsov, Soft set theory — First results, Comput. Math. Appl. 37 (1999) 19–31] introduced the concept of soft set as a new mathematical tool for dealing with uncertainties that is free from the difficulties that have troubled the usual theoretical approaches. In this paper we apply the notion of soft sets by Molodtsov to the theory of BCK\\/BCI-algebras. The

Young Bae Jun

2008-01-01

372

Microfluidic Applications of Soft Lithography  

SciTech Connect

The soft lithography fabrication technique was applied to three microfluidic devices. The method was used to create an original micropump design and retrofit to existing designs for a DNA manipulation device and a counter biological warfare sample preparation device. Each device presented unique and original challenges to the soft lithography application. AI1 design constraints of the retrofit devices were satisfied using PDMS devices created through variation of soft lithography methods. The micropump utilized the versatility of PDMS, creating design options not available with other materials. In all cases, the rapid processing of soft lithography reduced the fabrication time, creating faster turnaround for design modifications.

Rose, K A; Krulevitch, P; Hamilton, J

2001-04-10

373

Automatic indexing of news video for content-based retrieval  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since it is impossible to automatically parse a general video, we investigated an integrated solution for the content-based news video indexing and the retrieval. Thus, a specific structural video such as news video is parsed, because it is included both temporal and spatial characteristics that the news event with an anchor-person is iteratively appeared, a news icon and a caption are involved in some frame, respectively. To extract automatically the key frames by using the structured knowledge of news, the model used in this paper is consisted of the news event segmentation, caption recognition and search browser module. The following are three main modules represented in this paper: (1) The news event segmentation module (NESM) for both the recognition and the division of an anchor-person shot. (2) The caption recognition module (CRM) for the detection of the caption-frames in a news event, the extraction of their caption region in the frame by using split-merge method, and the recognition of the region as a text with OCR software. 3) The search browser module (SBM) for the display of the list of news events and news captions, which are included in selected news event. However, the SBM can be caused various searching mechanisms.

Yang, Myung-Sup; Yoo, Cheol-Jung; Chang, Ok-Bae

1998-06-01

374

Cohesiveness in Financial News and its Relation to Market Volatility  

PubMed Central

Motivated by recent financial crises, significant research efforts have been put into studying contagion effects and herding behaviour in financial markets. Much less has been said regarding the influence of financial news on financial markets. We propose a novel measure of collective behaviour based on financial news on the Web, the News Cohesiveness Index (NCI), and we demonstrate that the index can be used as a financial market volatility indicator. We evaluate the NCI using financial documents from large Web news sources on a daily basis from October 2011 to July 2013 and analyse the interplay between financial markets and finance-related news. We hypothesise that strong cohesion in financial news reflects movements in the financial markets. Our results indicate that cohesiveness in financial news is highly correlated with and driven by volatility in financial markets.

Piskorec, Matija; Antulov-Fantulin, Nino; Novak, Petra Kralj; Mozetic, Igor; Grcar, Miha; Vodenska, Irena; Smuc, Tomislav

2014-01-01

375

Cohesiveness in financial news and its relation to market volatility.  

PubMed

Motivated by recent financial crises, significant research efforts have been put into studying contagion effects and herding behaviour in financial markets. Much less has been said regarding the influence of financial news on financial markets. We propose a novel measure of collective behaviour based on financial news on the Web, the News Cohesiveness Index (NCI), and we demonstrate that the index can be used as a financial market volatility indicator. We evaluate the NCI using financial documents from large Web news sources on a daily basis from October 2011 to July 2013 and analyse the interplay between financial markets and finance-related news. We hypothesise that strong cohesion in financial news reflects movements in the financial markets. Our results indicate that cohesiveness in financial news is highly correlated with and driven by volatility in financial markets. PMID:24849598

Piškorec, Matija; Antulov-Fantulin, Nino; Novak, Petra Kralj; Mozeti?, Igor; Gr?ar, Miha; Vodenska, Irena; Smuc, Tomislav

2014-01-01

376

Alabama Education News. Volume 29, Number 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2006-01-01

377

Parent News: A Compilation of 1997 Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the 12 issues of "Parent News" (an electronic Internet magazine for parents, prepared for the National Parent Information Network) published during 1997. Each monthly issue contains feature articles describing the activities of the National Parent Information Network, summarizing research useful to parents, announcing…

Robertson, Anne S., Ed.

1997-01-01

378

Automatic Paraphrase Acquisition from News Articles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Paraphrases play an important role in the variety and complexity of natural language documents. However they adds to the difficulty of natural language processing. Here we describe a procedure for ob- taining paraphrases from news article. A set of paraphrases can be useful for various kinds of applications. Articles derived from dif- ferent newspapers can contain paraphrases if they report

Yusuke Shinyama; Satoshi Sekine; Kiyoshi Sudo

2002-01-01

379

Alabama Education News. Volume 34, Number 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2011-01-01

380

Alabama Education News. Volume 30, Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2006-01-01

381

Alabama Education News. Volume 29, Number 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2006-01-01

382

Alabama Education News. Volume 28, Number 9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2005-01-01

383

Alabama Education News. Volume 32, Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2008-01-01

384

Alabama Education News. Volume 31, Number 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2008-01-01

385

Smiling and Relative Status in News Photographs  

Microsoft Academic Search

To test the hypothesis that lower social status is associated with more smiling, the authors used newspaper photographs and their associated news stories as the basis for scoring the smiling and relative social status of the 2 individuals in each photograph. Independent raters judged smiling and 5 dimensions of relative status for 496 individuals in 248 newspaper photographs. There was

Judith A. Hall; Jason D. Carter; Maria C. Jimenez; Natasha A. Frost; Lavonia Smith Lebeau

2002-01-01

386

PBS Online NewsHour: Pluto Debate  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In-depth coverage of the decision to declassify Pluto as a planet, together with instructional materials. Includes lesson plan titled "Planet Categorization" and worksheet questions; timeline of Pluto news; and reports on the demotion of Pluto and its place in pop culture. Main story is available as streaming video and RealAudio as well as text.

387

Implication for Media Convergence on News Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last decade, comparisons of the effects of the traditional news media and the Internet have been made in relation to comprehension and remembering. This study aims at assessing the effects of single and compound presentational elements, and making predictions for the future. One of the two main aims of this study is to measure…

Gumus, Agah; Ozad, Bahire

2011-01-01

388

Alabama Education News. Volume 33, Number 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2010-01-01

389

NewsWire, 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains five issues of "NewsWire," a newsletter created for the SouthEast and Islands Regional Technology in Education Consortium (SEIR-TEC). Topics addressed in these issues include: leadership and educational technology; technology program development; resources for teaching and learning with technology; U.S. Department of…

Richey, Nancy, Ed.; Byrom, Elizabeth, Ed.; Bingham, Margaret, Ed.; Guerrero, Jeanne, Ed.; Thrift, Beth, Ed.; Holton, Brook, Ed.

2001-01-01

390

Alabama Education News. Volume 27, Number 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2004-01-01

391

PLCO News, Fall/Winter 1998  

Cancer.gov

PLCO News, Fall/Winter 1998 Volume 1, Number 2 ----- Fall/Winter 1998 Cancer Information Center If you have a question about cancer you can call and speak with a trained specialist at NCI's Cancer Information Service (CIS). The CIS operates a toll-free,

392

PLCO News, Fall/Winter 1998  

Cancer.gov

PLCO News, Fall/Winter 1998 Volume 1, Number 2 ----- Fall/Winter 1998 Trial Update Enrollment goal: 148,000 Total enrollment (as of September 30, 1998): 111,515 Men enrolled: 58,283 Women enrolled: 53,232 Number of people enrolled

393

Alabama Education News. Volume 28, Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama," as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2004-01-01

394

THE NEWS MEDIA AS NETWORKED POLITICAL ACTORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on internet politics has found that digital media have contributed to a hybridization of the organizational practices of parties, movements and interest groups. Little attention, however, has been paid to how the news media employ online engagement tools to pursue political goals, as is the case when political parallelism is present. This study addresses this issue through an in-depth

Cristian Vaccari

2011-01-01

395

Direct Instruction News: Effective School Practices, 2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mission of the Association for Direct Instruction is to promote the improvement of effective educational methods. This journal, "Direct Instruction News," is their publication. The Spring 2003 (Volume 3, Number 1) contains the following articles: "Implementing DI Successfully" (Sara G. Tarver); "Textbooks: What?" (Bob Dixon); "Introduction to…

Tarver, Sara G., Ed.

2003-01-01

396

PLCO News, Fall/Winter 1998  

Cancer.gov

PLCO News, Fall/Winter 1998 Volume 2, Number 1 ----- Spring/Summer 1999 Trial Update Enrollment goal: 148,000 Total enrollment (as of March 15, 1999): 121,027 Men enrolled: 62,409 Women enrolled: 58,618 Number of people enrolled

397

Alabama Education News. Volume 30, Number 8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2007-01-01

398

Covering Adoption: General Depictions in Broadcast News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using theories of stigma (Goffman, 1963) and media frames (Iyengar, 1991), 292 news stories pertaining to adoption that appeared on major broadcast networks between 2001 and 2004 were analyzed. Media coverage of adoptees contained more problematic than positive depictions. Although birth parents were not always depicted, adoptive parent and…

Kline, Susan L.; Karel, Amanda I.; Chatterjee, Karishma

2006-01-01

399

Google news personalization: scalable online collaborative filtering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several approaches to collaborative filtering have been stud- ied but seldom have studies been reported for large (several million users and items) and dynamic (the underlying item set is continually changing) settings. In this paper we de- scribe our approach to collaborative filtering for generating personalized recommendations for users of Google News. We generate recommendations using three approaches: collabo- rative

Abhinandan S. Das; Mayur Datar; Ashutosh Garg; Shyamsundar Rajaram

2007-01-01

400

Is It Really News? Computation and Estimation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, Students will apply the concepts of fractions and decimals to determine what part of a newspaper is really news. Students will go through newspapers and separate the different sections, then they measure the articles and record their findings, after turning them into decimals and fractions.

2010-01-01

401

APS News: Limerick Contest Finalists & Winners  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article from the March 1997 issue of APS News Online contains the finalists and winners of the first APS Physics Limerick Contest. Twenty-five humorous limericks concentrated on classical and modern physics concepts are provided along with a link to view the remaining submissions.

2006-09-29

402

PLCO News, Spring/Summer 1998  

Cancer.gov

PLCO News, Spring/Summer 1998 Volume 3, Number 1 ----- Spring/Summer 2000 Cancer Information Services If you have a question about cancer, call and speak with a trained specialist at NCI's Cancer Information Service (CIS). The CIS operates a toll-free

403

PLCO News, Spring/Summer 1998  

Cancer.gov

PLCO News, Spring/Summer 1998 Volume 1, Number 1 ----- Spring/Summer 1998 TABLE OF CONTENTS Notes from the NCI's PLCO Project Office What is the PLCO Trial?Why volunteer?Screening testsWhy two study groups? From Lab to Life

404

PLCO News, Spring/Summer 1999  

Cancer.gov

PLCO News, Spring/Summer 1999 Volume 2, Number 1 ----- Spring/Summer 1999 Cancer Information Services If you have a question about cancer, call and speak with a trained specialist at NCI's Cancer Information Service (CIS). The CIS operates a toll-free

405

PLCO News, Spring/Summer 1999  

Cancer.gov

PLCO News, Spring/Summer 1999 Volume 2, Number 1 ----- Spring/Summer 1999 TABLE OF CONTENTS Notes from the NCI's PLCO Project Office Meet Amy SubarMeet Richard Hayes From Lab to Life Fecal Occult Blood Testing for Colorectal Cancer Clinical Trials

406

PLCO News, Spring/Summer 1998  

Cancer.gov

PLCO News, Spring/Summer 1998 Volume 3, Number 1 ----- Spring/Summer 2000 TABLE OF CONTENTS Oops! We missed putting this issue up on the web. We should get it up by the end of February 2001. Notes from the NCI's PLCO Project Office Meet the PLCO

407

Soviet Cybernetics: Recent News Items, Number Thirteen.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An issue of "Soviet Cybernetics: Recent News Items" consists of English translations of the leading recent Soviet contributions to the study of cybernetics. Articles deal with cybernetics in the 21st Century; the Soviet State Committee on Science and Technology; economic reforms in Rudnev's ministry; an interview with Rudnev; Dnepr-2; Dnepr-2…

Holland, Wade B.

408

Alabama Education News. Volume 34, Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2010-01-01

409

Headline Generation for Written and Broadcast News.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This technical report is an overview of work done on Headline Generation for written and broadcast news. The report covers HMM Hedge, a statistical approach based on the noisy channel model, Hedge Trimmer, a parse- and-trim approach using linguistically m...

D. Zajic B. Dorr R. Schwartz

2005-01-01

410

Stereotypical Portrayals of Emotionality in News Photos  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research content analyzed the news photographs of a major U.S. daily newspaper to examine the emotional portrayals of individuals in different gender, age, and ethnic subgroups. A multidimensional measure of emotion (pleasure, arousal, dominance) was used. A total of 1,595 individuals were coded. The results demonstrate that emotionality was stereotyped to some degree, particularly in relation to women, ethnic

Shelly Rodgers; Linda Jean Kenix; Esther Thorson

2007-01-01

411

Alabama Education News. Volume 30, Number 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2006-01-01

412

PLCO News, Fall/Winter 1998  

Cancer.gov

PLCO News, Fall/Winter 1998 Volume 3, Number 1 ----- Spring/Summer 2000 Trial Update Enrollment goal: 148,000 Total enrollment (as of December 29, 1999): 138,847 Men enrolled: 69,990 Women enrolled: 68,857 Number of people enrolled

413

Finding People Frequently Appearing in News  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a graph based method to improve the perfor- mance of person queries in large news video collections. The method benefits from the multi-modal structure of videos and integrates text and face information. Using the idea that a person appears more frequently when his\\/her name is mentioned, we first use the speech transcript text to limit our search space

Derya Ozkan; Pinar Duygulu

2006-01-01

414

Alabama Education News. Volume 31, Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2007-01-01

415

Direct Instruction News: Effective School Practices, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mission of the Association for Direct Instruction is to promote the improvement of effective educational methods. This journal, "Direct Instruction News," is their publication. The Spring 2002 issue (Volume 2, Number 1) contains the following articles: "Same? Different? Both Same and Different" (Sara G. Tarver); "Cookie Cutter Curricula" (Bob…

Tarver, Sara G., Ed.

2002-01-01

416

Statistics Hacking - Exploiting Vulnerabilities in News Websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary We analyze and discuss a vulnerability in leading news websites, that can lead to modification of the system statistics by malicious users (statistics hacking). We outline two broad categories of methods that can counter statistics hacking. The first category consists of many methods already available to distinguish human users from computers. We compare the different methods within this category

Amrinder Arora

2007-01-01

417

NCI DCP News 04/08/2010  

Cancer.gov

NCI DCP News Summary NCI-Funded Researchers Find Early, Measurable, and Reversible Marker of Lung Cancer Risk Posted 04/08/2010 – Only a subset of people who actively smoke, or who smoked and quit, develop lung cancer. There is no way to identify who

418

Parent News: A Compilation of 1998 Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the 12 issues of "Parent News" (an electronic Internet magazine for parents, prepared for the National Parent Information Network) published during 1998. Each monthly issue contains feature articles describing the activities of the National Parent Information Network, summarizing research useful to parents, announcing…

Robertson, Anne S., Ed.

1998-01-01

419

The Best of Chem 13 News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This column is designed to give JCE readers a few highlights from Chem 13 News, a monthly publication for chemistry educators from the University of Waterloo in Ontario, Canada, and provides annotations describing a particular activity or a variety of sources from which new and creative ideas can be extracted.

Thorsen, Kathy

1999-07-01

420

Chem 13 News: A Valuable Resource  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This column provides a brief description of material pertinent to high school chemistry teaching appearing in Chem 13 News, a periodical published by the University of Waterloo in Canada. Featured articles, demonstrations, laboratory experiences, and special features from the January through May 2001 issues are discussed.

Thorsen, Kathy

2002-02-01

421

PBS Online NewsHour: Predicting Earthquakes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In-depth coverage of scientific efforts to predict earthquakes, together with instructional materials. Includes interactive map of tectonic plates; facts, figures, and trivia about earthquakes; a Q-and-A with a scientist about quake prediction; and links to other NewsHour and PBS resources. Main story is available as streaming video and RealAudio as well as text.

422

Iterative Soft-Input Soft-Output Decoding of Reed-Solomon Codes by Adapting the Parity-Check Matrix  

Microsoft Academic Search

An iterative algorithm is presented for soft-input- soft-output (SISO) decoding of Reed-Solomon (RS) codes. The proposed iterative algorithm uses the sum product algorithm (SPA) in conjunction with a binary parity check matrix of the RS code. The novelty is in reducing a submatrix of the binary parity check matrix that corresponds to less reliable bits to a sparse nature before

Jing Jiang; Krishna R. Narayanan

2006-01-01

423

News from Online: Industrial Chemicals and Polymers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Paper or plastic? I am asked this question every time I go grocery shopping. Asked another way, the question is, "Which polymer do you want?" To learn about polymers, go shopping at a great site from the University of Southern Mississippi, The Macrogalleria, a cyberwonderland of polymer fun at http://www.psrc.usm.edu/macrog/index.html . Plan to spend some time here. Bring along Chime and Shockwave plug-ins or download them from The Macrogalleria. The Macrogalleria shopping mall is divided into five levels. On the first level, Polymers are Everywhere at http:/ /www.psrc.usm.edu/macrog/floor1.html, you can visit stores selling sporting goods, food, and clothing. Learn about natural polymers in shoes and in French fries at http://www.psrc.usm.edu/macrog/natupoly.html . Find out about nylon in toothbrushes at http://www.psrc.usm.edu/macrog/nylon.html and about carbon fibers in tennis racquets at http://www.psrc.usm.edu/macrog /carfib.html-great graphics and even better chemistry. Skip up to level three for How They Work at http:/ /www.psrc.usm.edu/macrog/floor3.html. Take a look at the history of rubber on The Cross-linking Page at http:/ /www.psrc.usm.edu/macrog/xlink.html. Move on to level four for Makin' Polymers at http://www.psrc.usm.edu/macrog /floor4.html. Let's go right to the Ziegler-Natta Vinyl Polymerization at http://www.psrc.usm.edu/macrog/ziegler.html . Don't miss the humor in the initial explanation of the process. This page is excellent-with graphics, reactions, and a movie of a polymerization ( http://www.psrc.usm.edu/macrog/movies/zns.html ). This movie is worth seeing several times. Next take a look at another catalyst metallocene at http:/ /www.psrc.usm.edu/macrog/mcene.html. Explanations, graphics, and mechanisms help make this site worth visiting and great for teaching. Several people contributed to The Macrogalleria, with major contributions from Mark Michalovic of the University of Southern Mississippi. Grants were from POLYED, a joint committee of the American Chemical Society Divisions of Polymer Chemistry and Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering and General Electric Corporation. The POLYED site, http:/ /chemdept.uwsp.edu/polyed/index.htm, is hosted by the University of Wisconsin at Stevens Point. This National Center for Polymer Education is another good place to go for information. More education is available at the Ziegler Research Group Home Page at http://www.chem.ucalgary.ca/groups/ziegler/index.html . Go to Metallocene as Olefin Polymerization Catalysis: An Introduction ( http://www.chem.ucalgary.ca/groups/ziegler/met_intro.html ) for historical accounts of metallocene and Ziegler-Natta catalysts. Movies are available here too. This Canadian site is well-documented and educational. Back at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, The Why Files site at http://whyfiles.news.wisc.edu helps bring important chemical and technology news to the public. Go to the archived files of October 1997 ( http://whyfiles.news.wisc.edu/shorties/catalyst.html ) to find information about the importance of low-temperature metallocene catalysts. The Why Files received funding from the National Science Foundation. Go here for science information in an easy-to-read format. One of the driving forces toward better catalysis is the attempt to reach 100% product, combining efficiency with lowered pollution. Companies can look to the Environmental Protection Agency for information: Environsense at http://es.epa.gov/ is pledged to offer "Common Sense Solutions to Environmental Problems". So where can we get these polymers? The American Chemical Society can help. Go to Chemcylopedia at http://pubs.acs.org/chemcy99/ for great information. Both purchasers and users of chemicals can benefit from this site. Searches can be made on the chemical or on the supplier. Information provided includes CAS Registry Numbers and special shipping requirements as well as potential applications. Do you remember that we started with paper? Let's end with information about making paper. Go to http://www.sci.fi /~saarives

Sweeney Judd, Carolyn

1999-02-01

424

Improved linear soft-input soft-output detection via soft feedback successive interference cancellation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose an improved minimum mean square error (MMSE) vertical Bell Labs layered space-time (V-BLAST) detection technique, called a soft input, soft output, and soft feedback (SIOF) V-BLAST detector, for turbo multi-input multioutput (turbo-MIMO) systems. We derive a symbol estimator by minimizing the power of the interference plus noise, given a priori probabilities of undetected layer symbols and a posteriori

Jun Won Choi; Andrew C. Singer; Jung Woo Lee; Nam Ik Cho

2010-01-01

425

Alignment control and softness creation in hair with glycylglycine.  

PubMed

Thick and coarse hair, as typically found among the Japanese population, frequently lacks softness that consumers are acutely aware of. Such poor feeling is accentuated by daily grooming, weathering, and chemical treatments, in particular, which can cause changes in the hair shape and the creation of frizzy or irregularly shaped hair. Existing technologies to improve the soft feel of hair, though effective, usually concentrate on the surface of the fiber and often leave the hair feeling either overconditioned or sometimes even sticky from product buildup. Hair softness is said to be governed by a number of factors, but primarily hair diameter and surface condition. In this study, we have also identified hair alignment as playing a critical role in hair softness. In addition, by studying how Japanese women perceive hair softness when touching their hair, we have identified that the strain on the hair fiber associated with these manipulations is far smaller than previously considered. With these factors in mind, we have studied the mechanisms behind a new softening technology containing glycylglycine (GG). It has been found that treatment with GG can give a tangible feeling of hair softness by dramatically improving alignment in unruly hair and by lowering the modulus of the fiber. Moreover, using the atomic force microscope, it has been revealed that the properties of the cell membrane complex of the hair cortex may be modified after GG treatment; the role of this additive in modifying the internal properties of the hair to create softness will thus be discussed. PMID:23449128

Breakspear, Steven; Fukuhara, Masaki; Itou, Takashi; Hirano, Yuji; Nojiri, Masayoshi; Kiyomine, Akira; Inoue, Shigeto

2013-01-01

426

Soft drinks consumption and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease  

PubMed Central

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common clinical condition which is associated with metabolic syndrome in 70% of cases. Inappropriate dietary fat intake, excessive intake of soft drinks, insulin resistance and increased oxidative stress combine to increase free fatty acid delivery to the liver, and increased hepatic triglyceride accumulation contributes to fatty liver. Regular soft drinks have high fructose corn syrup which contains basic sugar building blocks, fructose 55% and glucose 45%. Soft drinks are the leading source of added sugar worldwide, and have been linked to obesity, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. The consumption of soft drinks can increase the prevalence of NAFLD independently of metabolic syndrome. During regular soft drinks consumption, fat accumulates in the liver by the primary effect of fructose which increases lipogenesis, and in the case of diet soft drinks, by the additional contribution of aspartame sweetener and caramel colorant which are rich in advanced glycation end products that potentially increase insulin resistance and inflammation. This review emphasizes some hard facts about soft drinks, reviews fructose metabolism, and explains how fructose contributes to the development of obesity, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and NAFLD.

Nseir, William; Nassar, Fares; Assy, Nimer

2010-01-01

427

News and Announcements 2011 Archive  

Cancer.gov

August 22, 2011 NCI's Proteome Characterization Centers Announced May 16, 2011 Reagent Target Request for Monoclonal Antibody Production and Characterization January 07, 2011 CPTC Experts Author Proteomics Review in the Journal of Proteome Research 1

428

Bean Market News, 1996 Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Dealer Price Trends - Graphs; Monthly Average Prices - By Crop Year - FOB Dealer; Monthly Average Prices - by Crop Year - FOB Grower; Monthly Average Prices Peas and Lentils - By Crop Year - FOB Dealer and Grower; Dry Edible Beans, Production by...

1997-01-01

429

Soft tissue fillers: An overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

The worldwide search for the ideal soft tissue filler material continues. The authors focus on the stringent safety and efficacy requirements for soft tissue fillers and provide an overview of the current natural and synthetic materials. (Aesthetic Surg J 2001;21:469-471.)

Brian M. Kinney; Charles E. Hughes

2001-01-01

430

Soft Tissue Sarcoma in Children  

MedlinePLUS

... most common of which are rhabdomyosarcoma , osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma . Each year, approximately 900 children are diagnosed with ... soft tissue sarcoma After treatment for soft tissue sarcoma http://www.curesearch.org/Articleview2.aspx?id=9614 ... CureSearch Contact Us Feedback

431

Efficient Tracking of News Topics Based on Chronological Semantic Structures in a Large-Scale News Video Archive  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent advance in digital storage technology has enabled us to archive a large volume of video data. Thanks to this trend, we have archived more than 1,800 hours of video data from a daily Japanese news show in the last ten years. When considering the effective use of such a large news video archive, we assumed that analysis of its chronological and semantic structure becomes important. We also consider that providing the users with the development of news topics is more important to help their understanding of current affairs, rather than providing a list of relevant news stories as in most of the current news video retrieval systems. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a structuring method for a news video archive, together with an interface that visualizes the structure, so that users could track the development of news topics according to their interest, efficiently. The proposed news video structure, namely the “topic thread structure”, is obtained as a result of an analysis of the chronological and semantic relation between news stories. Meanwhile, the proposed interface, namely “mediaWalker II”, allows users to track the development of news topics along the topic thread structure, and at the same time watch the video footage corresponding to each news story. Analyses on the topic thread structures obtained by applying the proposed method to actual news video footages revealed interesting and comprehensible relations between news topics in the real world. At the same time, analyses on their size quantified the efficiency of tracking a user's topic-of-interest based on the proposed topic thread structure. We consider this as a first step towards facilitating video authoring by users based on existing contents in a large-scale news video archive.

Ide, Ichiro; Kinoshita, Tomoyoshi; Takahashi, Tomokazu; Mo, Hiroshi; Katayama, Norio; Satoh, Shin'ichi; Murase, Hiroshi

432

Improving Soft Error Correction Capability of 4-D Parity Codes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to reduce overall system costs, the aerospace industry has been increasingly using commercial off the shelf components in their products. The sensitivity of these products to radiation induced soft errors becomes a major concern. In this paper, we propose a method to increase the reliability of a given off the shelf component by manipulating the software-based error correction

Muhammad Imran; Zaid Al-Ars; Georgi N. Gaydadjiev

433

Soft tissue sarcomas.  

PubMed Central

One hundred fifty-five adult patients with "operable" soft part sarcomas including rhabdomyosarcoma, liposarcoma, leiomyosarcoma and fibrosarcoma of the trunk and extremities are reviewed. Local recurrences of 93% and 60% occurred after local and wide excisions of the primary tumor. In this series of patients, amputation was the most efficient procedure for controlling the primary site. The absolute 5 and 10-year survival rates for all groups of tumors were 50% and 26%. Development of a second primary tumor of a different cell type occurred in 9% of the patients. Local recurrence, single distant metastasis, and/or second primary tumors should be considered potentially curable and appropriate surgical and/or radiation therapy carried out.

Gerner, R E; Moore, G E; Pickren, J W

1975-01-01

434

Soft Systems Methodology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Soft systems methodology (SSM) is an approach for tackling problematical, messy situations of all kinds. It is an action-oriented process of inquiry into problematic situations in which users learn their way from finding out about the situation, to taking action to improve it. The learning emerges via an organised process in which the situation is explored using a set of models of purposeful action (each built to encapsulate a single worldview) as intellectual devices, or tools, to inform and structure discussion about a situation and how it might be improved. This paper, written by the original developer Peter Checkland and practitioner John Poulter, gives a clear and concise account of the approach that covers SSM's specific techniques, the learning cycle process of the methodology and the craft skills which practitioners develop. This concise but theoretically robust account nevertheless includes the fundamental concepts, techniques, core tenets described through a wide range of settings.

Checkland, Peter; Poulter, John

435

Studies on soft centered coated snacks.  

PubMed

Roasted groundnut seeds, amaranth and dates pulp formed the center filling which was coated with sugar, breadings, desiccated coconut and roasted Bengalgram flour (BGF) to get 4 coated snacks. Physicochemical characteristics, microbiological profile, sorption behaviour and sensory quality of 4 coated snacks were determined. Centre filling to coating ratio of the products were in the range of 3:2-7:1, the product having BGF coating had the thinnest coating. Center filling had soft texture and the moisture content was 10.2-16.2% coating had lower moisture content (4.4-8.6%) except for Bengal gram coating, which had 11.1% moisture. Sugar coated snack has lowest fat (11.6%) and protein (7.2%) contents. Desiccated coconut coated snack has highest fat (25.4%) and Bengal gram flour coated snack had highest protein content (15.4%). Sorption studies showed that the coated snack had critical moisture content of 11.2-13.5%. The products were moisture sensitive and hence require packaging in films having higher moisture barrier property. In freshly prepared snacks coliforms, yeast and mold were absent. Mesophillic aerobes count did not show significant change during 90 days of storage at 27 °C and 37 °C. Sensory analysis showed that products had a unique texture due to combined effect of fairly hard coating and soft center. Flavour and overall quality of all the products were rated as very good. PMID:24425933

Pavithra, A S; Chetana, Ramakrishna; Babylatha, R; Archana, S N; Bhat, K K

2013-04-01

436

The soft keratoprosthesis.  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to develop a keratoprosthesis which utilizes a biocolonizable skirt attached to a soft, elastomeric optic for world-wide application. METHODS: Over a period of 20 years, using in vivo animal implantation studies, a series of experiments was conducted testing materials for biocompatibility and durability which resulted in the development of an improved design. A new surgical technique was developed, using porous, biocolonizable haptics embedded within the sclera and combined with the established techniques of resection of Descemet's membrane and a conjunctival flap. RESULTS: Animal implantation studies indicated that 6 haptics, equidistantly placed, was the optimal shape. Two clinical trials resulted in the selection of an aliphatic polyether-based urethane for the optic and 60 mu pore polytetrafluoroethylene for the porous ingrowth material. Heated, pressurized injection moulding proved to be the optimal bonding method between the skirt and the optic. Sclerally embedded haptics achieved excellent integration with the tissue. CONCLUSIONS: This keratoprosthesis is a significant improvement over previous models with a rigid optic in that: 1. The porous ingrowth haptic is sclerally anchored, preventing extrusion. 2. It has a soft elastomeric optic which more successfully defuses the shearing forces of the keratoprosthesis/tissue interface secondary to blinking. 3. The optic is less massive and of greater circumference at the optic/tissue interface, thereby imparting less energy per area with a given movement. 4. The optic does not project posteriorly thereby decreasing anterior chamber irritation and reducing the possibility of glaucoma, uveitis, endophthalmitis, and retinal detachment. 5. This keratoprosthesis allows a normal field of view for the patient and an effective funduscopic view for the surgeon. 6. The large optical diameter eliminates problems with decentralization of the image. 7. It has a significantly better cosmetic appearance. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 17A FIGURE 17B FIGURE 18 FIGURE 19

Caldwell, D R

1997-01-01

437

Treatment Option Overview (Childhood Soft Tissue Sarcoma)  

MedlinePLUS

... metastatic soft tissue sarcoma, not lung cancer. One method used to stage childhood soft tissue sarcoma is ... started to other parts of the body). Another method used to stage childhood soft tissue sarcoma is ...

438

Science versus News: On the Cutting Edge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This session is to aid communication between scientists and journalists, to motivate astronomers to be active in communicating their science to the public via the press, and to help both astronomers and journalists to understand the constraints under which the other group is operating. The session consists of two talks of about 20 minutes, followed by a panel discussion. The first talk is "What Makes a Topic News?" This segment, by Miles O'Brien of CNN News, takes the AAS audiences behind the scenes in the world of producing science news stories. --- What drives selection of assignments? How does the science reporter convince their editor to cover a story? What factors about television producing help and also hurt getting science subjects across to the public? The second talk is "Public Knowledge on Science: The Growing Gap Between Scientists and the Taxpayer." This presentation by Jon Miller, a public opinion expert will emphasize the problems scientists and society, face in communicating to the public. --- What does the public know about science and scientific method? How much translation is required to communicate with the public to engage their interest without unacceptable compromise of scientific accuracy? The final segment is a panel of both science journalists and astronomers moderated by Steve Maran. Together they will tackle a question that gets to the heart of the Science-Vs-News controversies, "When Should Results Go Public?" Published too soon, science is called "hype"; Published too late, it is no longer "news." Should all results be peer reviewed first, and is that a satisfactory prerequisite? Do scientists take self-serving advantage of the public interest by making announcements before results appear in journals? How do we address the public desire to experience science unfolding and to see real-time data such as planetary science missions? The panelists are Dr. David Helfand, from Columbia University, Dr. Bruce Margon, from the University of Washington, Mr. Thomas Siegfried, from The Dallas Daily News, Ms. Kathy Sawyer, from The Washington Post, Mr. John Noble Wilford from The New York Times, and Ms. Ann Kellan from CNN.

Kinney, A. L.; French, V.; Villard, R.; Maran, S. P.

1998-12-01

439

ALFT's Soft X-Ray Source Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ALFT (www.alft.com) was funded by the Federal and Provincial governments of Canada in 1987 to pursue the objective of making soft X-ray sources for microlithography.For 15 years ALFT has successfully pursued this objective. Recently, the company has found that its sources can complement the synchrotron as provider of soft X-rays for applications that range from biotechnology to nanotechnology.A beam from the Canadian Synchrotron (CLS) will deliver 10^13 photons/sec in a collimated output, whereas the weakest of ALFT's sources delivers an average of 10^15 photons/sec, two orders of magnitude higher than the synchrotron, albeit in the 4 pi direction. The most powerful of ALFT's sources delivers pulses carrying an average of 10^16 photons/sec, with peak flux of 10^24 photons/sec, again in the 4 pi.The proprietary technology of ALFT rests not only on the electron bombardment concept of X-ray production but also, by using a special plasma (the Vacuum Spark), on the pinch phenomenon, thus obtaining better efficiency than conventional sources. By discharging a simple condenser in a very low inductance circuit, a metallic plasma is generated in a vacuum vessel between two electrodes, where plasma pinch and micropinch phenomena raise the plasma temperature and density to values that lead to large soft X-ray production.The talk will present an overview of the VSX soft X-ray source development, examining first the physics of the vacuum spark, then the extendibility to higher power outputs, and then to the engineering issues that have been solved leading to the first product, the VSX 400, a machine that delivers 400 mW of soft X-rays, and to the VSX Z10, a prototype machine that delivers 10 W of X-rays.The recent visits to the CLS and follow-up discussions that are leading towards the placement of one VSX 400 machine in Saskatoon will also reported.

Panarella, Emilio

2002-11-01

440

Explore more news WebQuest, long term  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This teacher resource, part of a series on the future of energy, contains a webquest activity where students work as newspaper reporters and write articles. Webquests are inquiry-oriented activities that use the Internet. To complete this activity students examine the Explore More! energy site and write five newspaper articles from the viewpoints of a human interest story, an issue report, a general news article, an editorial, and a letter to the editor. The activity sheets provide an introduction, detail the task, suggest steps to follow, and describe the finished products. An explanation of each of the five newspaper article styles is provided. Additional follow-up questions about how the students' articles may change over time are provided. The downloadable activity sheets are provided as pdf files. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Project, Iowa P.

2004-01-01

441

Explore more news WebQuest, short term  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This teacher resource, part of a series on the future of energy, contains a webquest activity where students work as newspaper reporters and write articles. Webquests are inquiry-oriented activities that use the Internet. To complete this activity students examine the Explore More! energy site and write a newspaper article from the viewpoint of a human interest story, an issue report, or general news article. The activity sheets provide an introduction, detail the task, suggest steps to follow, and describe the finished product. An explanation of each of the three newspaper article styles is provided. Additional follow-up questions about how the students' articles may change over time are provided. Downloadable activity sheets are available as pdf files. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Project, Iowa P.

2004-01-01

442

News from Online: Green Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Green chemistry closely relates to energy and environmental problems, and includes the promotion of environmental friendly products and systems within the framework of renewable resources. Various websites on green chemistry are reviewed, one of which lists the 12 commandments of this particular subject.

Uffelman, Erich S.

2004-01-01

443

Multiple Media, Convergent Processes, and Divergent Products: Organizational Innovation in Digital Media Production at a European Firm  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses the intersection of two underexplored themes in studies of cultural production in traditional and digital media: the role of technology in news work and the processes that shape media convergence. The authors analyze organizational innovation in digital media production at GMS, a European firm that operates print and broadcast outlets in several specialized news markets. Between 1994

Pablo J. Boczkowski; José A. Ferris

2005-01-01

444

Stem Cells News Update: A Personal Perspective  

PubMed Central

This article is a follow-up to a previous Commentary published in 2011. It updates some of the events mentioned in that Commentary and continues with more interesting and exciting news on stem cell research and the emerging field of Regenerative Medicine. Some of the news includes: 1) the 2012 Nobel Prize for Medicine awarded to John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka; 2) the cloning of human embryonic stem cells; 3) the continued search for truly pluripotent adult stem cells via in vitro and in vivo protocols; 4) the breakthrough in organ replacements; 5) the global stem cell race; 6) the global stem cell cryo-preservation business; 7) the worldwide stem cell donor registries, and 8) the issue of government regulation on stem cell therapy.

Wong, SC

2013-01-01

445

The Ten O'Clock News  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While it is relatively easy to find old sitcoms and variety programs in a variety of media formats, it is somewhat difficult to find news broadcasts that may be of seminal interest to any number of researchers, including historians or other social scientists. Working with funds provided by the Institute of Museum and Library Services, this collection created by the WGBH Media Archives and Preservation Center includes video clips of these original newscasts which date from 1974 to 1991. The collection focuses on news stories which relate directly to Boston's African-American community and may be browsed by categories such as personal name or geographic location. Some of the topics covered by these video clips include the desegregation of the Boston public school system, race relations in the city, and interviews with such notable African-American leaders as Julian Bond and Andrew Young.

446

Stem cells news update: a personal perspective.  

PubMed

This article is a follow-up to a previous Commentary published in 2011. It updates some of the events mentioned in that Commentary and continues with more interesting and exciting news on stem cell research and the emerging field of Regenerative Medicine. Some of the news includes: 1) the 2012 Nobel Prize for Medicine awarded to John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka; 2) the cloning of human embryonic stem cells; 3) the continued search for truly pluripotent adult stem cells via in vitro and in vivo protocols; 4) the breakthrough in organ replacements; 5) the global stem cell race; 6) the global stem cell cryo-preservation business; 7) the worldwide stem cell donor registries, and 8) the issue of government regulation on stem cell therapy. PMID:24778557

Wong, Sc

2013-12-01

447

Year 2000 (Y2K) News Clippings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Year 2000 Archives and news clippings site contains many useful articles on the Year 2000 problem. The Year 2000 problem is caused by the fact that most computer systems only recognize the last two digits of a year. As a result, when the year 2000 comes around, it will be stored as year "00." This will give rise to mathematical and logical errors in computer systems resulting in incorrect results or even system failures.

1996-01-01

448

Alternative Fuel News, Vol. 2, No. 5  

SciTech Connect

In this issue of the Alternative Fuel News, the authors remember what happened just 25 years ago (the energy crisis of 1973) and reiterate that foreign oil dependence is still a national issue. Highlighted are some the successes in the Clean Cities Program and the alternative fuels industry. Also featured is the Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition (NGVC) and the United States Postal Service (USPS) delivers with AFVs.

NREL

1999-01-06

449

Adaptive vocabularies for transcribing multilingual broadcast news  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most prevailing problems of large-vocabulary speech recognition systems is the large number of out-of-vocabulary words. This is especially the case for automatically transcribing broadcast news in languages other than English, that have a large number of inflections and compound words. We introduce a set of techniques to decrease the number of out-of-vocabulary words during recognition by using

P. Geutner; M. Finke; P. Scheytt

1998-01-01

450

News mining for border security Intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This presentation gives an overview of an effort to construct OSINT (Open-Source Intelligence) tools for Frontex, the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union, to facilitate automating the process of extracting structured knowledge from on-line news articles on border-security related events at the EU borders and in

Martin Atkinson; Jenya Belayaeva; Vanni Zavarella; Jakub Piskorski; Silja Huttunen; Arto Vihavainen; Roman Yangarber

2010-01-01

451

Tobacco plain packaging legislation: a content analysis of commentary posted on Australian online news  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionIn April 2010, the Australian government became the first to announce legislation mandating that tobacco products be sold in plain packaging. The announcement generated significant media coverage and public feedback. The increased readership of and community commentary on online news present an opportunity to assess the range of arguments most likely to be used by opponents to this policy.MethodsA content

Becky Freeman

2011-01-01

452

Index to NASA news releases and speeches, 1991  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This issue of the annual index to NASA Releases and Speeches contains a listing of news releases distributed by the Office of Public Affairs, NASA Headquarters, and a selected listing of speeches presented by members of the Headquarters staff during 1991. The index is arranged in six sections: Subject Index, Personal Name Index, News Release Number Index, Accession Number Index, and Speeches and News Releases Indices.

1992-01-01

453

Statistical Machine Translation of Broadcast News from Spanish to Portuguese  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe the work carried out to develop an automatic system for translation of broadcast news from Spanish\\u000a to Portuguese. Two challenging topics of speech and language processing were involved: Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR)\\u000a of the Spanish News and Statistical Machine Translation (SMT) of the results to the Portuguese language. ASR of broadcast\\u000a news is based on

Raquel Sánchez Martínez; João Paulo da Silva Neto; Diamantino António Caseiro

2008-01-01

454

Internet CNN NEWSROOM: A Digital Video News Magazine and Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses the development of CNN NEWSROOM on the Internet, a new multimedia news magazine based on CNN NEWSROOM, an educational news program produced by Turner Broadcasting and distributed by cable television operators nationwide. The multimedia program is assembled automatically on a daily basis as a digital video news magazine distributed via the Internet. High quality 1.5 Mbit\\/second MPEG-I

Charles L. Compton; Paul D. Bosco

1995-01-01

455

Necrotizing soft tissue infections.  

PubMed

Necrotising soft tissue infection (NSTI) presents unique challenges in diagnosis and management. The key to a successful outcome is a high index of suspicion in appropriate clinical settings. Type II NSTI tends to occur on an extremity in younger, healthier patients with a history of known trauma, and to be monomicrobial. Type I NSTI tends to occur on the trunk of older, less healthy patients without an obvious history of trauma, and tends to be polymicrobial. Other, rarer types exist as well. The pathophysiology of both types involves superantigen acticivty, as well as a number of microbial byproducts which collectively decrease the viscosity of pus, facilitating its spread along deep tissue planes and ultimately causing diffuse deep thrombosis and aggressive systemic sepsis. The most important physical finding is tenderness to palpation beyond the area of redness, and the lack of crepitus should not be seen as a reassuring sign. Suspected cases should undergo early surgical exploration for diagnosis, which may be performed at bedside through a small incision. Most imaging techniques are not sufficiently specific to warrant a delay in surgical exploration. The Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotising Fasciitis (LRINEC) shows promise as a tool for excluding suspected cases. Successful outcomes in cases of NSTI require early and aggressive serial debridement and a multidisciplinary critical care approach. PMID:23753218

Shiroff, Adam M; Herlitz, Georg N; Gracias, Vicente H

2014-01-01

456

Near-optimum decoding of product codes: block turbo codes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an iterative decoding algorithm for any product code built using linear block codes. It is based on soft-input\\/soft-output decoders for decoding the component codes so that near-optimum performance is obtained at each iteration. This soft-input\\/soft-output decoder is a Chase decoder which delivers soft outputs instead of binary decisions. The soft output of the decoder is an estimation

Ramesh Mahendra Pyndiah

1998-01-01

457

The Relationship between Censorship and the Emotional and Critical Tone of Television News Coverage of the Persian Gulf War.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes television news stories broadcast during the Persian Gulf War for censorship disclaimers, the censoring source, and the producing network. Discusses results in terms of both production- and viewer-based differences. Considers the question of whether censorship "works" in terms of unanticipated results related to story negativity,…

Newhagen, John E.

1994-01-01

458

An Effective News Recommendation Method for Microblog User  

PubMed Central

Recommending news stories to users, based on their preferences, has long been a favourite domain for recommender systems research. Traditional systems strive to satisfy their user by tracing users' reading history and choosing the proper candidate news articles to recommend. However, most of news websites hardly require any user to register before reading news. Besides, the latent relations between news and microblog, the popularity of particular news, and the news organization are not addressed or solved efficiently in previous approaches. In order to solve these issues, we propose an effective personalized news recommendation method based on microblog user profile building and sub class popularity prediction, in which we propose a news organization method using hybrid classification and clustering, implement a sub class popularity prediction method, and construct user profile according to our actual situation. We had designed several experiments compared to the state-of-the-art approaches on a real world dataset, and the experimental results demonstrate that our system significantly improves the accuracy and diversity in mass text data.

Gu, Wanrong; Dong, Shoubin; Zeng, Zhizhao; He, Jinchao

2014-01-01

459

An effective news recommendation method for microblog user.  

PubMed

Recommending news stories to users, based on their preferences, has long been a favourite domain for recommender systems research. Traditional systems strive to satisfy their user by tracing users' reading history and choosing the proper candidate news articles to recommend. However, most of news websites hardly require any user to register before reading news. Besides, the latent relations between news and microblog, the popularity of particular news, and the news organization are not addressed or solved efficiently in previous approaches. In order to solve these issues, we propose an effective personalized news recommendation method based on microblog user profile building and sub class popularity prediction, in which we propose a news organization method using hybrid classification and clustering, implement a sub class popularity prediction method, and construct user profile according to our actual situation. We had designed several experiments compared to the state-of-the-art approaches on a real world dataset, and the experimental results demonstrate that our system significantly improves the accuracy and diversity in mass text data. PMID:24983011

Gu, Wanrong; Dong, Shoubin; Zeng, Zhizhao; He, Jinchao

2014-01-01

460

Agenda-building influences on the news media's coverage of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's push to regulate tobacco, 1993-2009.  

PubMed

Citing agenda-building theory, this article examines the influence of three key factors on the news media's coverage of the process of placing tobacco and tobacco products under regulation of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration between 1993 and 2009. We analyzed data from a content analysis of 570 news articles from The New York Times and Washington Post and found that the media published significantly more FDA regulation articles during the Clinton administration than during the Bush administration. Our analysis links that imbalance of media coverage to the influence of the president of the United States (Clinton and Bush, during the duration of this study), journalistic routines and real world events. We compared the Clinton and Bush era news coverage on article prominence, article topics, and reasons to support/oppose FDA regulation and found significant differences, which we suggest led to the imbalance of news articles in the two administrations. PMID:23293806

Foster, Caroline; Thrasher, Jim; Kim, Sei-Hill; Rose, India; Besley, John; Navarro, Ashley

2012-01-01

461

Mechanics of Soft Biological Composites.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Biological tissues are uniquely structured materials with technologically appealing properties. Soft tissues such as skin, are constructed from a composite of strong fibrils and fluid-like matrix components. This was the first coordinated experimental/mod...

B. L. Boyce J. M. Grazier R. E. Jones T. D. Nguyen

2007-01-01

462

Towards tooth friendly soft drinks.  

PubMed

Most soft drinks contain high concentration of simple carbohydrates and have a pH of 3 or even lower. Therefore, they are harmful for tooth structure. A tooth friendly soft drink (T.F.S.D) should have the following characteristics and elements; fluoride (approximately 1 ppm), casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (2%), xylitol (4-6g/serving), tea polyphenols (2-4 mg/ml), cranberry extract (250 mg/ml of the flavonoids quercetin and myricetin), sugar free, pH close to 5.5 and super oxygenation (240,000 ppm) vs. carbonation. T.F.S.D can be packaged in a container which gaseous oxygen is dissolved in a liquid in the form of bubbles. However, looking at opportunities for so-called sophisticated soft drinks, T.F.S.D will be an example for a functional and health oriented soft drink. PMID:19570614

Kolahi, Jafar; Fazilati, Mohamad; Kadivar, Mahdi

2009-10-01

463

GENERALIZED SOFT WATER ACIDIFICATION MODEL  

EPA Science Inventory

A generalized soft water acidification model has been developed. enhanced trickle-down (ETD) model is driven by precipitation, evaporation, acidity, sulfate, and chloride loading time series daily input data. he hydrologic component simulates snowmelt, interflow, overland flow, g...

464

Methane activation: Oxidation goes soft  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Creating useful feedstocks from methane is impeded by over-oxidation when O2 is used as the oxidant. Now, gaseous sulfur has been shown to be a promising 'soft' oxidant for the selective conversion of methane to ethylene.

Keil, Frerich J.

2013-02-01

465

Fragmentation Processes in Soft Rock.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An experimental investigation has been undertaken to study the fragmentation of soft and hard rock under conditions of impact by spherical steel projectiles and standard ammunition. Laboratory tests involving the firing of 1/4-inch-diameter steel spheres ...

W. Goldsmith J. L. Sackman

1976-01-01

466

Experimental Soft Condensed Matter Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The home page of the David Weitz group at Harvard. We study the physics of soft condensed matter, including colloids, emulsions, gels, glasses, polymers, foams, and biological samples. We are beginning work in biophysics.

Weitz, David

2003-10-10

467

Microfluidic Applications of Soft Lithography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The soft lithography fabrication technique was applied to three microfluidic devices. The method was used to create an original micropump design and retrofit to existing designs for a DNA manipulation device and a counter biological warfare sample prepara...

K. A. Rose P. Krulevitch J. Hamilton

2001-01-01

468

A soft and dexterous motor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a soft, bearing-free artificial muscle motor that cannot only turn a shaft but also grip and reposition it through a flexible gear. The bearing-free operation provides a foundation for low complexity soft machines, with multiple degree-of-freedom actuation, that can act simultaneously as motors and manipulators. The mechanism also enables an artificial muscle controlled gear change. Future work will include self-sensing feedback for precision, multidegree-of-freedom operation.

Anderson, Iain A.; Tse, Tony Chun Hin; Inamura, Tokushu; O'Brien, Benjamin M.; McKay, Thomas; Gisby, Todd

2011-03-01

469

Incurable Adler relation for soft neutrino interactions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Adler relation (AR), which bridges soft interactions of neutrinos and pions, might look as a manifestation of pion dominance. However neutrino cannot fluctuate to a pion because of lepton current conservation, instead it interacts via much heavier hadronic components. This fact leads to nontrivial relations between interaction amplitudes of different hadronic species, in particular, it links diagonal and off-diagonal diffractive interactions of pions. Absorptive corrections break these relations making the AR impossible to hold universally, i.e. for any target and at any energy. We predict a dramatic breakdown of the AR for coherent neutrino-production of pions on nuclei at all energies.

Kopeliovicha, B. Z.; Potashnikova, I. K.; Schmidt, Iván; Siddikov, M.

2014-04-01

470

Research on control type soft switching converters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Paper clarifies the definition of control type soft switching and presents five characteristics for control type soft switching topologies. The theory of five characteristics is verified in the existing control type soft switching topologies, and a series of new control type soft switching topologies, such as buck, boost, buck-boost, cuk, zeta, sepic, flyback, and forward are constructed. A 200 kHz

Yilei Gu; Lijun Hang; Shijie Chen; Yu Du; Zhengyu Lu; Zhaoming Qian

2004-01-01

471

Soft systems, hard lessons.  

PubMed

This paper is concerned with practical experiences of achieving human factors and safety interventions in the nuclear power and process control industries. It rests upon the premise that, although human factors (HF) and safety may be technological in approach, they nevertheless must operate in a socio-technical environment, within companies with corporate structures and cultures, interacting with regulatory authorities. A crucial ingredient to the successful implementation and integration of human factors into company practices and procedures is therefore the nature of the inter-relationships between human factors personnel and those who control the existing procedures determining all aspects of the design and operational processes. Such inter-relationships can largely determine whether HF is implemented or not. These human-human interactions and interfaces in a socio-technical system may be referred to as soft systems. When training in human factors, much of the training is concerned with technical aspects of the discipline. However, when entering industry or consultancy, one quickly discovers that technical aspects are usually the least of one's problems. This paper is concerned with experiences and guidance to better help the human factors professional starting out in industry. There is little scientific method in the paper. It is, instead, a distillation of this author's and others' experiences in acting either as a practitioner or consultant, or as leader of a human factors unit in industries that have at times been reluctant or even hostile about the perceived 'invasion' of human factors. However, to avoid being purely anecdotal, the experiences are placed in a framework concerned with the life cycle of integrating human factors into an industry, from being the first HF person in a company, to the development of a successful unit, or the absorption of a successful unit into other departments. Within this framework a range of strategic aspects are dealt with, such as integration of HF into the design process, and selection of test-case projects. PMID:11132050

Kirwan, B

2000-12-01

472

Efficient generation of holographic news ticker in holographic 3DTV  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

News ticker is used to show breaking news or news headlines in conventional 2-D broadcasting system. For the case of the breaking news, the fast creation is need, because the information should be sent quickly. In addition, if holographic 3- D broadcasting system is started in the future, news ticker will remain. On the other hands, some approaches for generation of CGH patterns have been suggested like the ray-tracing method and look-up table (LUT) method. However, these methods have some drawbacks that needs much time or needs huge memory size for look-up table. Recently, a novel LUT (N-LUT) method for fast generation of CGH patterns of 3-D objects with a dramatically reduced LUT without the loss of computational speed was proposed. Therefore, we proposed the method to efficiently generate the holographic news ticker in holographic 3DTV or 3-D movies using N-LUT method. The proposed method is largely consisted of five steps: construction of the LUT for each character, extraction of characters in news ticker, generation and shift of the CGH pattern for news ticker using the LUT for each character, composition of hologram pattern for 3-D video and hologram pattern for news ticker and reconstruct the holographic 3D video with news ticker. To confirm the proposed method, moving car in front of the castle is used as a 3D video and the words 'HOLOGRAM CAPTION GENERATOR' is used as a news ticker. From this simulation results confirmed the feasibility of the proposed method in fast generation of CGH patterns for holographic captions.

Kim, Seung-Cheol; Kim, Eun-Soo

2009-08-01

473

Water recycling by floating media filtration and nanofiltration at a soft drink factory  

Microsoft Academic Search

A water recycling system, utilizing floating media filtration and nanofiltration (NF) was developed and implemented for the reuse of water at a soft drink factory. This factory, which produces both carbonated and non-carbonated soft drinks, uses abundant fresh water in each of its production processes. As for the treatment of wastewater from the washing of bottle and cans, as well

Hitoshi Miyaki; Susumu Adachi; Koji Suda; Yasunari Kojima

2000-01-01

474

Fabrication of 316-L stainless steel micro components using encapsulating soft mould and isopressing technique  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents in detail a new method to fabricate free standing 316-L stainless steel micro components using high solid loading stainless steel semi solid paste encapsulated into soft mould (PDMS) and pressed using hydrostatic pressure. The process is divided into five parts: (i) production of SU-8 master moulds and their negative replicas from soft moulds, (ii) preparation of stainless

M. Imbaby; K. Jiang; I. Chang

2010-01-01

475

Cloaked Attribution--What Does It Mean to News Readers? ANPA News Research Bulletin. No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine how people react to unnamed or veiled news sources in newspaper articles. A group of 283 persons, chosen at random from three contrasting communities, was asked to read two articles dealing with different topics, one with sources quoted by name and one with euphemisms ("a White House spokesman,""a city official")…

Culbertson, Hugh M.; Somerick, Nancy

476

Military and the News Media: The Coorientation Measurement Model Applied to Military-News Media Relations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

When U.S. forces engage foreign enemies in combat, a relationship between the U.S. military and the press evolves. The news media strive to represent the unmitigated facts of combat to the U.S. public. The military, however, although agreeing to the princ...

H. C. Cate

1996-01-01

477

What's New in the News? Comprehension of the News among Adults with Limited Formal Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Israeli study determined what happens when persons with low-literacy levels read news accounts that presuppose general knowledge that the writer expects them to have, but that they may not necessarily possess. The study sample consisted of about 600 students, mostly women, in 30 literacy centers throughout the country. In each class, adult…

Grebelsky, Ora

478

RPC-News: A Real-Time, Personalized, Chinese News System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the design and implementation of a system for the selective dissemination of information (SDI) from news articles via the World Wide Web, in Chinese and English, that focuses on multi-language filtering tools and follows a client-server model. System architecture and user-interest modeling are discussed. (LRW)

Chang, Da-Wei; Chen, Ing-Chou; Ke, Hao-Ren; Chang, Ruei-Chuan

1997-01-01

479

Chemistry Is in the News: Taxonomy of authentic news media?based learning activities1  

Microsoft Academic Search

A brief history is given of approaches that aim at achieving a connectedness of the content of organic chemistry courses to real world issues. Recently, such approaches have relied more and more on online media resources, the tools of the Internet and the World Wide Web. We propose a six?level taxonomy of ‘authentic news media?based learning activities’ to provide a

Rainer E. Glaser; Kathleen M. Carson

2005-01-01

480

"Chemistry Is in the News": Taxonomy of Authentic News Media-Based Learning Activities. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A brief history is given of approaches that aim at achieving a connectedness of the content of organic chemistry courses to real world issues. Recently, such approaches have relied more and more on online media resources, the tools of the Internet and the World Wide Web. We propose a six-level taxonomy of 'authentic news media-based learning…

Glaser, Rainer E.; Carson, Kathleen M.

2005-01-01

481

Preparation and magnetic properties of MnBi-based hard/soft composite magnets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bulk anisotropic composite magnets based on MnBi/Co(Fe) exhibiting the different morphology of the soft magnetic phase were prepared by powder metallurgy processing. First, single-phase MnBi bulk magnets were produced with a maximum energy product [(BH)m] of 6.3 MGOe at room temperature. The nanoscale soft phase with the different morphology was then added to form a composite magnet. It was observed that addition of magnetic soft-phase nanoflakes causes a dramatic coercivity reduction. However, the addition of soft magnetic phase nanowires enhanced the composite magnetization without sacrificing the coercivity. Nevertheless, a kink was still observed on the demagnetization curves and the coercivity decreased when the soft-phase content was larger than 10 wt. %, which was caused by the agglomeration of the soft phase nanowires that also led to a decreased degree of texture.

Ma, Y. L.; Liu, X. B.; Gandha, K.; Vuong, N. V.; Yang, Y. B.; Yang, J. B.; Poudyal, N.; Cui, J.; Liu, J. P.

2014-05-01

482

Microfabrication using soft lithography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Soft Lithography is a group of non-photolithographic techniques currently being explored in our group. Four such techniques-microcontact printing (?CP), replica molding (REM), micromolding in capillaries (MIMIC), and microtransfer molding (?TM)-have been demonstrated for fabricating micro- and nanostructures of a variety of materials with dimension >=30 nm. Part I (Chapters 1-5) reviews several aspects of the three molding techniques REM, MIMIC, and ?TM. Chapters 1-3 describe ?TM and MIMIC, and the use of these techniques in the fabrication of functional devices. ?TM is capable of generating ?m-scale structures over large areas, on both planar and contoured surfaces, and is able to make 3-dimensional structures layer by layer. The capability of ?TM and MIMIC has been demonstrated in the fabrication of single-mode waveguides, waveguide couplers and interferometers. The coupling between waveguides can be tailored by waveguide spacing or the differential in curing time between the waveguides and the cladding. Chapters 4-5 demonstrate the combination of REM and shrinkable polystyrene (PS) films to reduce the feature size of microstructures and to generate microstructures with high aspect ratios on both planar and curved surfaces. A shrinkable PS film is patterned with relief structures, and then heated and shrinks. Thermal shrinkage results in a 100-fold increase in the aspect ratio of the patterned microstructures in the PS film. The microstructures in the shrunken PS films can be transferred to many other materials by REM. Part II (Chapters 6-7) focuses on two issues in the microfabrication using self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) as ultrathin resists. Chapter 6 describes a selective etching solution for transferring patterns of SAMs of alkanethiolates into the underlying layers (e.g., gold, silver, and copper). This etching solution uses thiosulfate as the ligand that coordinates to the metal ions, and ferricyanide as the oxidant. It has been demonstrated to be less toxic, more efficient, and provide fewer defects in the SAM-protected metallic regions upon etching. Chapter 7 describes a technique to measure the surface density of defects in SAMs of hexadecanethiolates on gold and in the structures prepared by using the SAMs as resists and the aqueous ferricyanide solution as the etchant, under conditions that may be encountered in lithographic processing. This technique uses two steps of amplification through chemical reaction to convert pinhole defects in SAMs into easily imaged, micron-scale pits in an underlying Si support.

Zhao, Xiao-Mei

483

17 CFR 242.505 - Exclusion for news media.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Exclusion for news media. 242.505 Section 242.505 Commodity and Securities...Ac-Analyst Certification § 242.505 Exclusion for news media. No provision of this Regulation AC shall apply to any...

2013-04-01

484

The News as a Post-Literary Spectacle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the news of the Persian Gulf War from a critical reader/viewer perspective. Proposes that video news works like an intriguing alphabet, the forms and meanings of which are pronounced by a monopoly of interpreter reporters, anchors, and media guests. Notes the facility with which rhetorical strategies governed the principles and actions of…

Keppler, Joseph F.

1994-01-01

485

Latest News: North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This current news site, from the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC), is an excellent way to keep track of environmental and regional issues related to trade between Canada, Mexico, and the United States. This news page includes hyperlinked, dated entries for each specific issue.

486

Teaching the Scientific Method Using Current News Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We describe a short (less than 50 minutes) activity using news articles from sources such as "Science Daily" to teach students the steps of the scientific method and the difference between primary and secondary literature sources. The flexibility in choosing news articles to examine allowed us to tailor the activity to the specific interests of…

Palmer, Laura K.; Mahan, Carolyn G.

2013-01-01

487

Agenda setting and political advertising: Origins of the news agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of potential sources shaping the media's agenda is large, ranging from external sources in government and the private sector to the idiosyncrasies of individual journalists. The focus in this study is intermedia agenda setting. Commonly defined in terms of the influence that the news agendas of different news organizations have on each other, the concept of intermedia agenda

Marilyn Roberts; Maxwell Mccombs

1994-01-01

488

2008 FRIENDS-OF-NCI-EGRP News Flashes  

Cancer.gov

The following is an archive of listserv announcements, or "News Flashes" sent by the Epidemiology and Genetics Research Program (EGRP) to FRIENDS-OF-NCI-EGRP LISTSERV subscribers. These occasional announcements communicate information about funding opportunities related to cancer epidemiology, grantsmanship issues, research resources, and other relevant news.

489

Tracking terrorism news threads by extracting event signatures  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the humongous amount of news stories published daily and the range of ways (RSS feeds, blogs etc) to disseminate them, even an expert at tracking new developing stories can feel the information overload. At most times, when a user is reading a news story, she would like to know ldquowhat happened before this?ldquo or ldquohow things progressed after this

Syed Toufeeq Ahmed; Ruchi Bhindwale; Hasan Davulcu

2009-01-01

490

Index to NASA news releases and speeches, 1980  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A listing is provided of 201 news releases distributed by the Office of Public Affairs, NASA Headquarters and 10 selected speeches presented by Headquarters staff in 1980. Subject and name indexes are arranged alphabetically. Indexes to titles, news release numbers and accession numbers are arranged numerically.

1981-01-01

491

Minority Employment in Broadcast News 1976-86.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study combined and compared the results of five national mail surveys of commercial radio and television stations conducted at intervals from 1976 to 1986 by the Radio-Television News Directors Association (RTNDA) to see how minority groups have fared in the news work force. Results indicated that in the 10 years studied, the minority share of…

Stone, Vernon A.

492

Constructing moral authority: We in the discourse of television news  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focusing on a series of news reports produced immediately following the bombing of the Oklahoma City federal building, this study examines how journalists construct their authority to tell moralizing stories. By speaking as we, they asserted their right to serve as moral agents on two levels. As “institutional we,” the news narrators assumed the voice of authoritative professionals, socially sanctioned

Geoffrey Baym

2000-01-01

493

Positive Organizational Behavior: A Buffer for Bad News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most communication research on bad news messages focuses on crisis communication, where attention is often limited to image repair strategies. The authors argue that a key indicator of an organization's effectiveness in communicating "bad news" messages is its organizational culture. Developing an organizational culture that values positive…

French, Sandra L.; Holden, Tracey Quigley

2012-01-01

494

Do Children Really Take Note of Science in the News?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For ten days in August 2006, Pluto was rarely out of the news as members of the International Astronomical Union (IAU) deliberated on its planetary status. For the members of the "News in Science Education" group, based at Queen's University, Belfast, this offered a great opportunity for educators to explore a number of interesting and important…

Jarman, Ruth; McClune, Billy

2007-01-01

495

News Media in the Courtroom: Free Press or Fair Trial.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The news media's interaction with the criminal justice system and the public--specifically, whether or not the news media's presence inside and outside the courtroom affects a defendant's right to a fair trial--is examined. In 1965, Dr. Sam Sheppard was convicted for the murder of his pregnant wife in their Cleveland suburban home. Since this case…

Pearlstein, Allan

496

The PERSEUS Project: Creating Personalized Multimedia News Portal  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the Perseus project, which is devoted to developing techniques and tools for creating personalized multimedia news portals. The purpose of a personalized multimedia news portal is to provide relevant information, selected from newswire sites on the Internet and augmented by video clips automatically extracted from TV broadcasts, based on the user's preferences. To create such an intelligent

Victor Kulesh; Valery A. Petrushin; Ishwar K. Sethi

2001-01-01

497

2009 FRIENDS-OF-NCI-EGRP News Flashes  

Cancer.gov

The following is an archive of listserv announcements, or "News Flashes" sent by the Epidemiology and Genetics Research Program (EGRP) to FRIENDS-OF-NCI-EGRP LISTSERV subscribers. These occasional announcements communicate information about funding opportunities related to cancer epidemiology, grantsmanship issues, research resources, and other relevant news.

498

2011 FRIENDS-OF-NCI-EGRP News Flashes  

Cancer.gov

The following is an archive of listserv announcements, or "News Flashes" sent by the Epidemiology and Genetics Research Program (EGRP) to FRIENDS-OF-NCI-EGRP LISTSERV subscribers. These occasional announcements communicate information about funding opportunities related to cancer epidemiology, grantsmanship issues, research resources, and other relevant news.

499

The Best of Chem 13 News  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This column is designed to give JCE readers highlights from Chem 13 News, a monthly publication from the University of Waterloo (Ontario, Canada) for chemistry educators. I have selected a variety of articles appearing from January through May 1998 that captured my interest as a chemistry teacher. I would like to share them with others. The following paragraphs provide references to innovative ways of introducing students to general chemistry concepts and engaging them in experimental design. Through these methods they begin to develop a better understanding of concepts discussed in class.

Thorsen, Kathy

1998-11-01

500

Ultrasonic assessment of facial soft tissue thicknesses in adult Egyptians  

Microsoft Academic Search

The production of a three-dimensional plastic face on an unknown human skull has been practiced sporadically since the latter part of the last century. In recent years, the technique has been revived and applied to forensic science cases. The morphometric method of forensic facial reconstruction rests heavily on the use of facial soft tissue depth measurements. Moreover, it has been

Inas Hassan El-Mehallawi; Eman Mostafa Soliman

2001-01-01