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1

L'osservazione diurna dei pianeti interni: storia e tecniche  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The article deals with the observing techniques for the diurnal observation of the inner planets. Moreover, some of the most relevant experiences made by the observers of the 19th and 20th centuries, notably those of the Italian astronomer Giovanni V. Schiaparelli, are described.

Braga, Raffaello

2001-09-01

2

Aves Aquáticas da Lagoa da Pampulha: Seleção de hábitats e atividade diurna  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wading birds at Lagoa da Pampulha: Habitat selection and diurnal activity. The wading bird communities in lacunar systems are mainly structured based on the availability and distribution of feeding resources and appropriate conditions for their reproduction and establishment. As a result, in a given habitat, each species selects, according to the possibilities of its behavioral repertoire, the best way to

Flávio E. Pimenta; João C. P. Drummond; Ana C. Lima

3

[The butterflies (Lepidoptera, Diurna) of the boreal forests in southeastern Russia. II. Light coniferous forests].  

PubMed

Species groupings formed in dark coniferous forests of southeastern Russia are analyzed by the example of butterflies. The species and chorological composition of these groupings are discussed. Classification analysis of species checklists for twelve local faunas is given. It is indicated that the applicability of a single faunistic category to all the dark coniferous forests of the studied region is doubtful. PMID:19548618

Martynenko, A B

2009-01-01

4

[Butterflies (Lepidoptera, Diurna) in boreal forests of southeastern Russia: 1. Light coniferous forests].  

PubMed

Species groups formed in light coniferous forests prevailing in southeastern Russia are considered using the example of butterflies. Problems concerning the formation of species composition and its originality in some insects groups are discussed. A classification analysis of species checklists for twelve local faunas of Transbaikalia and the southern Russian Far East is performed. It is shown that the faunas of areas occupied by light coniferous forests have a common background. PMID:19391481

Martynenko, A B

2009-01-01

5

["Enuresis diurna" is not a diagnosis--new results on classification, pathogenesis and therapy of functional urinary incontinence in childhood].  

PubMed

Newer research results have shown that the previous classification of enuresis into nocturnal, nocturnal and diurnal and diurnal forms is not sufficient. Day wetting constitutes a heterogeneous group of syndromes, which should be considered as functional urinary incontinences and which require differentiated diagnostics and therapies. General aspects of functional urinary incontinence are discussed, including: classification, epidemiology, symptomatology, especially the association with urinary tract infections, vesicoureteral reflux, obstipation and encopresis. The rate of psychiatric problems seems to be increased compared to children with nocturnal enuresis. Methodological problems of previous studies are discussed. General guidelines regarding diagnostics and therapy include the requirement of sonography, uroflowmetry with pelvic-floor-EMG, urinalysis and specific therapy-forms. The three most important syndromes are urge incontinence with urge symptoms, frequent micturition, holding manoeuvres due to a physiological instability of the detrusor and lower, mostly secondary psychiatric symptoms. Voiding postponement is a general refusal syndrome with a psychiatric etiology, characterized by a postponement of micturition and retention of urine. The detrusor-sphincter-dyscoordination has as the main symptom a paradox contraction instead of relaxation of the bladder sphincter during micturition. It is recommended hat the previous classification should be left in favour of more specific diagnoses to ensure specific, causally effective therapies. PMID:9157396

von Gontard, A; Lehmkuhl, G

1997-02-01

6

[Patterns of formation of island fauna of Rhopalocera (Lepidoptera, Diurna) at the northern forest boundary in the region of Pleistocene continental glaciation (by the example of White Sea islands)].  

PubMed

Patterns of formation of island Rhopalocera fauna at the northern forest boundary in the region of Valdai inland ice were analyzed by the example of White Sea islands. The ecotone effect, typical for northernmost taiga and forest-tundra and introducing the transitional Rhopalocera fauna in near-tundra forest between the boreal and hypoarctic zones, was not observed on the White Sea islands. Island isolation provided for the absence of some Arctic species, entering near-tundra forest from the North, in the island fauna. Island Rhopalocera faunas represent poor variants of the northern taiga fauna lacking some polyzonal and temperate species and having a reduced set of Arctic boreal species. PMID:16771146

Bolotov, I N; Shutov, E V

2006-01-01

7

Alternativas a la supresión del Impuesto sobre el Patrimonio  

Microsoft Academic Search

La Imposición Personal sobre la Riqueza atraviesa en España un momento crítico, incluso el Impuesto sobre el Patrimonio Neto ha sido suprimido para el ejercicio 2008, argumentando en su contra su excesiva complejidad y efectos desincentivo a la entrada de inversiónes. Realmente desde que este Impuesto se cedió a las Comunidades Autónomas, únicamente ha interesado su potencial recaudador que, al

Laura de Pablos Escobar

2009-01-01

8

CONVIVIENDO CON EL MEDIO AMBIENTE  

Microsoft Academic Search

El desarrollo a nivel industrial, agrícola y urbano genera acciones contaminantes cuyo efecto puede ser inmediato o a largo plazo (la lluvia ácida, los gases que provocan el efecto invernadero y que contribuyen al cambio climático, la explotación excesiva de los recursos naturales, o la deforestación de la selva tropical). Esto provoca la extinción de diferentes especies de plantas o

Cristina Ferrer Lacosta

2009-01-01

9

Inflación: La visión estructural  

Microsoft Academic Search

La inflación ha ocupado, casi desde mediados del siglo pasado, un lugar cada vez más importante en la teoría y discursos económicos. Desde luego se le ha visto por parte de la escuela de pensamiento dominante como el peor de los males y generada por excesiva ingerencia de los gobiernos en la economía y la inconsistencia temporal de las políticas

Juan Camilo Galvis Ciro

2007-01-01

10

[Treatment of children with an unstable bladder using the new anticholinergic drug Mictonorm (author's transl)].  

PubMed

10 children with an unstable bladder were treated with the new anticholinergic drug Mictonorm. With the exception of one boy, the bladder capacity and the volume of all the other children increased. Contractions with amplitudes of 1.5 or 3.0 kPa had been registered. The extent of the maximum amplitudes was reduced. Both the enuresis nocturna and the enuresis diurna were positively influenced, the former, however, more so. PMID:7058055

Heller, K

1982-01-01

11

[ Monotherapy with tamsulosin].  

PubMed

G.G. è un paziente di 62 anni, in condizioni generali discrete, che giunge alla nostra osservazione per la presenza di sintomi urinari del basso tratto urinario, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) pari a 16. Anamnesi familiare negativa per carcinoma prostatico. Il paziente esegue terapia con calcio antagonista per ipertensione arteriosa. Ha subito un intervento di colecistectomia. Il paziente riferiva inoltre una qualità di vita negativamente influenzata da sintomi minzionali irritativi che lo portavano ad alzarsi più di 3 volte a notte per urinare ed una pollachiuria diurna ogni 3 ore. Viene inoltre riferita un'attività sessuale moderatamente insoddisfacente. PMID:22101552

Sciarra, Alessandro

2011-01-01

12

[Treatment of the unstable bladder in children with the anticholinergic agent propiverin hydrochloride (mictonorm/mictonets)].  

PubMed

The new anticholinergic agent Propiverinhydrochlorid (Mictonorm) is used in the treatment of the Enuresis nocturna et diurna combined with urgency, frequency and small amounts of voided urine. The urodynamic investigation shows an unstable bladder. No urinary tract obstruction or neurogenic injuries are detected at the 26 normal-developed children of 5-11 years of age. Mictonorm was given for 3 months, in a dosage of 0,4 mg/kg bw/d. The bladder capacity, the volume at the desire to void and the compliance of the detrusor significantly increased and the frequency decreased. Application of placebo shows no variation of these parameters. No side-effects were to be distinguish. The wetting improved significantly in 16 of the 26 children but dryness seldom was reached. Therefore the dose was doubled in 19 children at the fourth month, and a second equal group of 26 children primary was treated with 0,7-0,8 mg/kg bw/d. With good compatibility especially the higher dose given from the beginning improved the enuresis better. All children showed a more distinct influence to the enuresis diurna than to the nocturna. The prescription of the anticholinergic neurotrope and myotrope drug is interpreted as a part of the management of the wetting child and its environment. PMID:4002894

Otto-Unger, G

1985-03-01

13

La Transpiración - Movimiento del Agua a Través de las Plantas  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

La transpiración es la pérdida de agua en forma de vapor por las plantas. El agua es absorbida del suelo por las raíces y transportada en forma líquida por el xilema hacia las hojas. En las hojas, unos pequeños poros permiten que el agua (H2O) escape a la atmósfera en forma de vapor, al tiempo que se permite la entrada de bióxido de carbono (CO2) para la fotosíntesis. De toda el agua absorbida por las plantas, menos del 5% es retenida y utilizada para crecimiento y almacenamiento. En esta lección se explicará porque las plantas pierden tanta agua, la ruta que ésta sigue dentro de la planta, como pudieran las plantas controlar la pérdida excesiva de agua y como las condiciones ambientales influyen en la pérdida de agua por las plantas.

14

Botanical smuts and hermaphrodites: Lydia Becker, Darwin's botany, and education reform.  

PubMed

In 1868, Lydia Becker (1827-1890), the renowned Manchester suffragist, announced in a talk before the British Association for the Advancement of Science that the mind had no sex. A year later, she presented original botanical research at the BAAS, contending that a parasitic fungus forced normally single-sex female flowers of Lychnis diurna to develop stamens and become hermaphroditic. This essay uncovers the complex relationship between Lydia Becker's botanical research and her stance on women's rights by investigating how her interest in evolutionary theory, as well as her correspondence with Charles Darwin, critically informed her reform agendas by providing her with a new vocabulary for advocating for equality. One of the facts that Becker took away from her work on Lychnis was that even supposedly fixed, dichotomous categories such as biological sex became unfocused under the evolutionary lens. The details of evolutionary theory, from specific arguments on structural adaptations to more encompassing theories on heredity (i.e., pangenesis), informed Becker's understanding of human physiology. At the same time, Becker's belief in the fundamental equality of the sexes enabled her to perceive the distinction between inherent, biological differences and culturally contingent ones. She applied biological principles to social constructs as she asked: Do analogous evolutionary forces act on humans? PMID:23961688

Gianquitto, Tina

2013-06-01

15

[Congenital lower urinary tract obstruction and enuresis in children].  

PubMed

We reviewed enuretic children among patients with congenital lower urinary tract obstructions experienced in the Department of Urology, Hyogo College of Medicine during 16 years from 1974 to 1989. Among 612 patients with congenital lower urinary tract obstructions, 139 (22.7%) had enuresis nocturna and/or diurna. The incidence of enuresis was 24.7% with posterior urethral valve (77 cases), 50.0% with anterior urethral valve (6 cases), 23.8% with congenital bulbar urethral stenosis in boys (303 cases) and 19.9% with congenital distal urethral stenosis in girls (226 cases). Diurnal enuresis was more common in enuresis associated with congenital lower urinary tract obstructions than in usual enuresis. In urodynamic examinations, more than half of enuretic children with congenital lower urinary obstructions showed hyperactive detrusor activity. Treatment of congenital lower urinary tract obstructions through operation resulted in cure or amelioration of enuresis in about 80% of the patients. Enuresis associated with lower urinary tract obstruction or neurogenic bladder is sometimes called complicated enuresis and it is an important role of a urologist to differentiate complicated enuresis from simple enuresis. PMID:2072610

Mori, Y; Taguchi, K; Hosokawa, S; Ihara, H; Shima, H; Shimada, K; Arima, M; Ikoma, F

1991-03-01

16

[Autonomic infantilism].  

PubMed

In the middle of the last century the term od infantilism was introduced in medical terminology denoting the retardation in physical and/or psychic development with the features characteristic of childhood and adolescent age. From that time on, numerous authors have described various forms of retardation in the development and psychic infantilism in various aspects has been put in the first place, such as: dysharmonious, organic, cerebrostenic, neuropathic, dysproportional, endocrine and others. The retardation in the development of the vegetative nervous system was defined as a special form of infantilism by I. Popov in 1976 who suggested the term "vegetative infantilism". Conception of the idea of vegetative infantilism has made the theoretic basis for the whole range of very heterogenous appearances in the developing age being manifested as the sequal of the retardation in the development of vegetative nervous system, such as: affective respiratory spasms, encopresis, urination in sleeping (enuresis nocturna), urination at an awakening stage (enuresis diurna), various disturbances in the function of the cardiovascular system, digestive tract and others. PMID:2474747

Popov, I

1989-01-01

17

Functional daytime incontinence: clinical and urodynamic assessment.  

PubMed

Assessment of children with daytime wetting starts with the distinction between 'enuresis diurna' and 'functional incontinence', incontinence being defined as any form of wetting caused by bladder/sphincter dysfunction. Standard history-taking does not allow for a sharp enough distinction: pertinent questions have to be asked about daytime wetting, night-time wetting, micturition, and about urge and reactions to urge. By using urodynamics to expose the pathophysiology behind the patterns of bladder/sphincter dysfunction, these questions were formulated and validated in a series of 156 children, referred with persistent daytime wetting to a programme for cognitive bladder training. With history-taking organized into a simple questionnaire, complemented by urodynamics, four patterns of bladder/sphincter dysfunction emerged: urge syndrome, staccato voiding, fractionated and incomplete voiding, and lazy bladder syndrome. A strong correlation was found between recurrent urinary tract infections and non-neuropathic bladder/sphincter dysfunction, implying that detection and treatment of bladder/sphincter dysfunction is essential in every child with recurrent urinary tract infections, especially in the presence of vesico-ureteral reflux. PMID:1609253

van Gool, J D; Vijverberg, M A; de Jong, T P

1992-01-01

18

[Development of intestinal and bladder control from birth until the 18th year of age. Longitudial study].  

PubMed

The development of bowel and bladder control from 0 to 18 years of age in 321 Swiss children of the Zurich Longitudinal Study (1955-1976) is described. 3% of the children had started toilet training by the age of 1 month and 96% by 12 months. Bowel control was completed in 32% at age one, in 75% at age two and in 97% at age three. Complete bladder control by day and at night was established in none of the children at age one, in 20% at ages two and three and in 90% at age five. About one quarter of the boys and one tenth of the girls had a period of incomplete bowel or bladder control between 6 and 18 years. During the prepubertal period, the annual incidence of enuresis was 7-15% in boys and 7-10% in girls, and that of encopresis 2-4% and 1-2% respectively. Some combination of enuresis diurna, enuresis nocturna and encopresis were found in 7% of all children, although in most children, these events did not occur simultaneously. With the exception of primary diurnal enuresis, the different types of enuresis and encopresis were more frequent in males than in females. By the onset of puberty, encopresis resolved in all children and enuresis persisted in only a few children. The role of toilet training and the etiologies and pathogenesis of enuresis and encopresis are discussed from a development point of view. PMID:622544

Largo, R H; Gianciaruso, M; Prader, A

1978-02-01