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?Cuales son las amenazas o peligros volcanicos?  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Los volcanes son capaces de producir numerosos peligros geologicos e hidrologicos. Los cientificos del Servicio Geologico de los EE. UU. (USGS, por sus siglas en ingles) y de otras instituciones alrededor del mundo estan estudiando los peligros de muchos de los centenares de volcanes activos y potencialmente activos del mundo. Estos cientificos vigilan muy de cerca la actividad de algunos de los volcanes mas peligrosos, por lo que estan preparados para alertar a las autoridades y/o a la poblacion en caso de que aumente sustancialmente la probabilidad de que ocurra una erupcion u otro evento peligroso.

Myers, Bobbie; Brantley, Steven R.; Stauffer, Peter; Hendley, James W., II



¿Son las políticas locales una buena estrategia para dinamizar el mercado de trabajo? Algunos elementos para el caso colombiano  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen: En períodos de bajo crecimiento económico, tiempos de recesión o crisis económica, implementar una política fiscal contra-cíclica puede ser una herramienta fundamental para crear empleo y dinamizar la economía. En Colombia, específicamente en las principales ciudades del país existe una posibilidad concreta para que los gobiernos locales, a través de incrementos del gasto de inversión, impacten positivamente en la

Diana Galvis G; Mauricio López Gonzalez



The Prodigal Son  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Prodigal Son is a documentary that explores how first-generation migrant parents have struggled to come to terms with their son's sexuality.\\u000aWhen Ted came out as gay to his parents, his mother Ljubica insisted it was a passing phase and his father Alexo refused to speak to him. Fifteen years passed, with no communication between father and son, until

Tony Radevski



To Save a Son  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sherri Zummo knew she somehow needed to find a way for her son to live in the world as a person who was profoundly deaf in both ears. He was also diagnosed as legally blind, on the autistic spectrum, and intellectually delayed with other medical and physical issues. As he grew, his special needs increased, behaviors became worse, and the struggle…

Zummo, Sherri



Son preference in Vietnam.  


This article assesses the strength of son preference in Vietnam, as reflected in fertility behavior. It formulates and estimates a proportional hazards model applied to birth intervals, and a contraceptive prevalence model, using household survey data from 2,636 ever-married women aged 15-49 with at least one living child who were interviewed for the Vietnam Living Standards Survey 1992-1993. Son preference is found to be strong by world standards, but nevertheless, it has a minor effect on fertility; in its absence, the total fertility rate would fall by roughly 10 percent from the current level of about 3.2 children per woman of reproductive age. PMID:8826072

Haughton, J; Haughton, D



Nam Con Son Basin  

SciTech Connect

The Nam Con Son basin is the largest oil and gas bearing basin in Vietnam, and has a number of producing fields. The history of studies in the basin can be divided into four periods: Pre-1975, 1976-1980, 1981-1989, and 1990-present. A number of oil companies have carried out geological and geophysical studies and conducted drilling activities in the basin. These include ONGC, Enterprise Oil, BP, Shell, Petro-Canada, IPL, Lasmo, etc. Pre-Tertiary formations comprise quartz diorites, granodiorites, and metamorphic rocks of Mesozoic age. Cenozoic rocks include those of the Cau Formation (Oligocene and older), Dua Formation (lower Miocene), Thong-Mang Cau Formation (middle Miocene), Nam Con Son Formation (upper Miocene) and Bien Dong Formation (Pliocene-Quaternary). The basement is composed of pre-Cenozoic formations. Three fault systems are evident in the basin: north-south fault system, northeast-southwest fault system, and east-west fault system. Four tectonic zones can also be distinguished: western differentiated zone, northern differentiated zone, Dua-Natuna high zone, and eastern trough zone.

Tin, N.T.; Ty, N.D.; Hung, L.T.



¿Qué son los estudios clínicos?

Información que describe los conceptos básicos de los estudios o ensayos clínicos, dónde se llevan a cabo y qué tipos hay de estudios clínicos. También explica las fases de los estudios, la asignación al azar y los miembros del equipo de investigación.


Exportaciones del Sector Maderas y Papeles No Tradicional  

Microsoft Academic Search

fueron México (23.0% % de participación), Estados Unidos (15.4%), China (15.1%), Venezuela (8.2%) y Ecuador (8.1%). En conjunto estos cinco países concentraron el 66.8.0% del total de exportaciones del sector. Las ventas hacia los mercados de México, China, Ecuador y Venezuela, fueron superiores a las registradas en el mismo periodo del 2007, creciendo durante los primeros seis meses del año

Millones FOB


Culture, Son Preference, and Beliefs about Masculinity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined whether endorsing hyper-masculine attitudes positively related to the psychological well-being of adolescent boys (N=233) in an extreme son preference community, in Tamilnadu, India. A survey with masculinity and measures of psychological well-being was administered. We predicted that endorsement of masculinity would positively relate…

Mahalingam, Ramaswami; Balan, Sundari



P.O.V.: Every Mother's Son  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The trauma of losing a child can be devastating, and when that child is lost as a result of violence, it can be even more heartbreaking. The Point of View series from PBS recently produced this powerful documentary (created by Tami Gold and Kelly Anderson) that explores the experiences of three women whose sons were the victims of police brutality in the late 1990s. On this site, visitors can learn more about the program, and delve into the extra features that make this site a real treat. First, visitors can peruse the special features, which include an overview of the concept of community policing, read interviews with law enforcement officials and other experts, and finally take an interactive quiz that allows visitors to pick various options in order to improve community safety. The site also includes an area where visitors can respond to the program, along with offering a "Behind the Lens" perspective on the filmmakers themselves.


Adolescents with Nonresident Fathers: Are Daughters More Disadvantaged than Sons?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined sons' and daughters' involvement with nonresident fathers and associated outcomes (N = 4,663). Results indicated that sons and daughters reported equal involvement with nonresident fathers on most measures of father investment, although sons reported more overnight visits, sports, and movies and feeling closer to their fathers…

Mitchell, Katherine Stamps; Booth, Alan; King, Valarie



Father-Son Decision-Making in Joint Farming Arrangements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a larger study of father-son farms, this study explored the decision-making patterns of farm families which have self-designated father-son, joint farming arrangements. Emphasis was upon the determination of: (1) personal and situational factors which are explanative of the father's or son's perception of decision-making involvement and…

Kowalski, Gregory S.; Coughenour, C. Milton


A Letter from a Black Mom to Her Son  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An African American mother and teacher educator uses examples from her own childhood to describe how she hopes her child will be treated by teachers, and what she fears. In her letter to her son, the African American mom expresses how she want teachers to know her son's journey to school--metaphorically and physically. She wants them to know that…

Watson, Dyan



1. Photocopy of sketch showing Sons of Temperance Fountain, late ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Photocopy of sketch showing Sons of Temperance Fountain, late 19th century. Photocopied by James L. Dillon and Company, Inc., photographer. - Sons of Temperance Fountain, Independence Square (moved from Centennial Exhibition grounds at Belmont & Fountain Avenues), Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA


Like Godfather, Like Son: Exploring the Intergenerational Nature of Crime  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sons (daughters) with criminal fathers have 2.06 (2.66) times higher odds of having a criminal conviction than those with noncriminal fathers. One additional paternal sentence increases sons' (daughters') convictions by 32 (53) percent. Compared to traditional labor market measures, the intergenerational transmission of crime is lower than that…

Hjalmarsson, Randi; Lindquist, Matthew J.



Las corporaciones autonomas regionales del caribe colombiano: Un analisis de sus finanzas y gobierno corporativo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Las Corporaciones Autónomas Regionales (car) y las Corporaciones de Desarrollo Sostenible (cds) son las instituciones encargadas de la protección del medio ambiente en Colombia. Este trabajo estudia el desempeño de las corporaciones que tienen jurisdicción sobre la Costa Caribe. En particular, examina sus principales fortalezas y limitaciones administrativas, y analiza si en sus presupuestos se reproducen las desigualdades regionales que

Joaquin Viloria de la Hoz



Búsqueda de exoplanetas: ?`Cuán confiables son las observaciones obtenidas mediante telescopios terrestres?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main goal of this work is to present a model that generates synthetic light curves of primary transits, comparable to real observations, to study transit timing variations (TTV). Considering that we can observe the sky from different virtual observatories, we simulated observations of primary transits caused by a hot-Jupiter. We artificially added a perturbation caused by an Earth-like exoplanet in a 3:2 mean motion resonance. These simulations would allow to analyze the degree of distorsion that the light curves admit, in order to recover back the induced signal by the exoplanet. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

von Essen, C.; Páez, R. I.; Schmitt, J. H. M. M.


Sex-role expectations changes by fathers for their sons  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred nineteen white father-son pairs served as subjects in an effort to examine the impact on sex-role redefinitions of boys' behavior as a result of shifting cultural attitudes toward androgyny. Two major questions were addressed: a) Do fathers' general sex-role beliefs influence their attitudes about sex roles they would like their sons to hold? and b) Do fathers' desires

Catherine A. Emihovich; Eugene L. Gaier; Noreen C. Cronin



Mother–Son, Mother–Daughter, Father–Son, and Father–Daughter: Are They Distinct Relationships?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the strongest position with respect to sex differences in parent–child relationships during childhood and adolescence, namely that both parent sex and child sex contribute so that relationships in the four dyads of mother–son, mother–daughter, father–son, and father–daughter are distinct. The relevant research was divided into three groups: (a) where only a single dyad was studied; (b) where

Alan Russell; Judith Saebel



Fathers and Their Adolescent Sons: Pubertal Development and Paternal Involvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the relation between pubertal transition and qualitative aspects of the father-son relationship through a survey of 173 adolescent males and 122 fathers. Assessed physical affection, general support, companionship, and sustained contact over three levels of pubertal development. Found that perception of physical affection was the only…

Ogletree, Mark D.; Jones, Randall M.; Coyl, Diana, D.



Driving without a map: Father-son sexual health communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Family sexual health communication is an important area to examine due to the high-risk sexual behaviours that some youth engage in and the in?uential role that parents can play in teaching and shaping sexual health values. Yet few research studies on family sexual health communication include sons as participants and even fewer include fathers. In this study I attempted to

Alison Elizabeth Pearson



Talking to Write: A Mother and Son at Home.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how the author participated in her son Carl's writing process at home when she realized his growing resistance to writing in school in the second grade. Examines the in-class composing process and Carl's frustrations. Describes how she became Carl's scribe at home as he gradually discovered that writing could be a symbolic representation…

Kelso, Elizabeth Baumann



Origins, Form, and Development of the Son Jarocho: Veracruz, Mexico.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Son Jarocho (specifically from Veracruz) is a song-and-dance form originating in Spain and implanted in Mexico during 17th- and 18th-century colonization. The jarocho style of music today is one of Latin America's most unique forms, using one to four instruments and characterized by its distinctive rhythm. (LC)

Loza, Steven J.



The Son of an African Revolutionary Goes to Harvard.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the story of Philippe Wamba, the son of an African American woman and an African revolutionary. Wamba describes the huge cultural and racial divide that separates African college students from both white students and African American students at the elite university which he attended, noting that he found himself most comfortable with…

Wamba, Philippe



Observations of a Father: My Son Has Spina Bifida.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author reviews his experiences as the father of a child with spina bifida, a congenital problem in which the spine is not completely enclosed. He recounts his feelings upon first finding out about the condition and his son's subsequent surgeries and crises. (CL)

Remmel, Carl L.



Las Vegas  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This image of Las Vegas, NV was acquired on August, 2000 and covers an area 42 km (25 miles) wide and 30 km (18 miles) long. The image displays three bands of the reflected visible and infrared wavelength region, with a spatial resolution of 15 m. McCarran International Airport to the south and Nellis Air Force Base to the NE are the two major airports visible. Golf courses appear as bright red areas of worms. The first settlement in Las Vegas (which is Spanish for The Meadows) was recorded back in the early 1850s when the Mormon church, headed by Brigham Young, sent a mission of 30 men to construct a fort and teach agriculture to the Indians. Las Vegas became a city in 1905 when the railroad announced this city was to be a major division point. Prior to legalized gambling in 1931, Las Vegas was developing as an agricultural area. Las Vegas' fame as a resort area became prominent after World War II. The image is located at 36.1 degrees north latitude and 115.1 degrees west longitude.

The U.S. science team is located at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Science Mission Directorate.



Las garantías constitucionales en el derecho público de América Latina  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este trabajo está dedicado al estudio de las garantías constitucionales que hoy caracterizan el derecho público latinoamericano y que siguiendo el orden de su consagración son: el habeas corpus, el amparo o tutela de los derechos constitucionales, el control de constitucionalidad y el habeas data, concluyendo con una parte donde se presentan las más recientes y novedosas garantías y los

Eduardo Rozo Acuña


Los sistemas y las auditorías de gestión integral  

Microsoft Academic Search

Las auditorías integrales (calidad, ambiental y seguridad, y salud ocupacional) son hoy por hoy una herramienta que se ha consolidado en la gestión empresarial de cualquier organización como un elemento evaluador y de cierre del ciclo planear-hacer-verificar-actuar; que les permite a las empresas medir su desempeño de forma integral y garantizar el cumplimiento legal y de estándares internacionales (ya sea

Clara Inés Pardo Martínez



Views of Astronaut (Col.) Joe Engle and son Jon with L-5 Piper Cub  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Views of Astronaut (Col.) Joe Engle and son Jon with L-5 Piper Cub at Clover Airport. Photos include Engle turning propeller while his son sits in the cockpit (34323); both Engle and son examine propeller (34324); Engle works on engine while his son sits in cockpit (34325).



La democracia constitucional en América Latina y las evoluciones recientes del presidencialismo. Memorias Encuentro del Instituto Iberoamericano de Derecho Constitucional  

Microsoft Academic Search

Siempre será oportuno reflexionar sobre la democracia, su contenido, sus desafíos, su presente y su futuro, las transformaciones y percepciones que de ella se tienen. No son pocas las preocupaciones o inquietudes que la democracia suscita en esta parte del mundo, y muestra de ello son los más variados estudios e informes sobre el estado actual de la democracia y

Pedro Pablo Vanegas


Son preference, sex selection, and kinship in Vietnam.  


This article examines the recent rise in the sex ratio at birth in Vietnam and relates its emergence to kinship systems and ethnic composition using 2009 census micro-data. Presentation of the main socioeconomic and ethnic differentials in birth masculinity is followed by a review of the three intermediate factors leading to increases in the sex ratio at birth: prenatal technology, declining fertility, and gender bias. An indirect measurement of fertility behavior is used to demonstrate the close association between levels of the sex ratio at birth and the intensity of son preference. Data on household composition indicate that Vietnam is characterized by the co-existence of kinship patterns typical of East and Southeast Asia. Son preference in Vietnam is found to be related to the prevalence of more traditional patrilineal systems. The article concludes by considering the implications of the cultural dimensions of prenatal sex selection for policy responses and for the likely future change in the sex ratio at birth. PMID:22833863

Guilmoto, Christophe Z



Linfadenomegalia superficial (LAS): Correlato clínico patológico en 154 pacientes del Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introducción: la linfadenomegalia superficial (LAS) son hallazgos clínicos frecuentes en la práctica médica que pueden ser las primeras manifestaciones de una enfermedad de trascendencia o de un síndrome clínico específico. Objetivo: realizar un correlato clínico-patológico en pacientes con LAS que acudieron por primera vez a la consulta médica sin un diagnóstico conocido. Materiales y Métodos: estudio prospectivo transversal en el

Fernando Osores Plenge; Raúl Gutiérrez Rodríguez; Oscar Guerra Amaya; Juan Cortez-Escalante; Juan C. Ferrufino Lach; Leandro Huayanay; Isaias Rodríguez; Betty Bustamante; Ciro Maguiña Vargas



Transfer of Decision Making and Farm Tasks from Father to Son in Father-and-Son Farming Arrangements. RS-51, August 1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the division of decision-making and farm tasks in a joint father and son enterprise, the extent to which the decisions tended to be shared equally, and the extent to which the principal operator had responsibility for those tasks not shared. Data were collected in 1974 from fathers and sons who were joint operators of 145 farms…

Coughenour, C. Milton; And Others


SysSon: A Sonification Platform for Climate Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate data provide a challenging working basis for sonification. Both model data and measured data are assessed in collaboration with the Wegener Center for Climate and Global Change. The multi dimensionality and multi variety of climate data has a great potential for auditory displays. Furthermore, there is consensus on global climate change and the necessity of intensified climate research today in the scientific community and general public. Sonification provides a new means to communicate scientific results and inform a wider audience. SysSon is a user centered auditory platform for climate scientists to analyze data. It gives scientists broader insights by extracting hidden patterns and features from data that is not possible using a single modal visual interface. A variety of soundscapes to chose from lessens the fatigue that comes with repeated and sustained listening to long streams of data. Initial needs assessments and user tests made the work procedures and the terminology of climate scientists clear and informed the architecture of our system. Furthermore, experiments evaluated the sound design which led to a more advanced soundscape and improvement of the auditory display. We present a novel interactive sonification tool which combines a workspace for the scientists with a development environment for sonification models. The tool runs on different operating systems and is released as open source. In the standalone desktop application, multiple data sources can be imported, navigated and manipulated either via text or a graphical interface, including traditional plotting facilities. Sound models are built from unit generator graphs which are enhanced with matrix manipulation functions. They allow us to systematically experiment with elements known from the visual domain, such as range selections, scaling, thresholding, markers and labels. The models are organized in an extensible library, from which the user can choose and parametrize. Importance is given to the persistence of all configurations, in order to faithfully reproduce sonification instances. Finally, the platform is prepared to allow the composition of interactive sound installations, transitioning between the scientific lab and the gallery space.

Visda, Goudarzi; Hanns Holger, Rutz; Katharina, Vogt



Sex preference and the value of sons and daughters in Nepal.  


Sex preference and the specific value of sons and daughters to parents in Nepal are examined using rural and urban survey data from 1979. Ideal family size among all respondents was, on average, three children, with two sons and one daughter the preferred sex composition for about 90 percent of all respondents. Among those who reported current contraceptive use, the mean number of living sons was higher than the mean number of living daughters for all respondents. Most couples have at least one son before they adopt contraception; respondents had, on average, three to four births before adopting contraception. Sons are preferred to daughters by Nepalese parents mainly for socioeconomic and religious reasons, as opposed to the economic reasons reported elsewhere in many developing societies. The findings indicate that the economic motive for having both sons and daughters may be weakening in Nepal, but that a preference for sons does exist. PMID:3406965

Karki, Y B



Integrando los Beneficios para el Cliente de Servicios Bancarios: Banca Tradicional Versus Banca en Internet Integrating the Benefits for Bank Service Customers: Traditional Versus Internet Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Palabras clave: banca en Internet, banca tradicional, imagen, confianza, reputación, seguridad. ABSTRACT. This study examines consumer preferences for bank services in the context of combined banking, that is, internet banking in addition to traditional banking. Consequently, bank offerings are evaluated in terms of both, customer services that are delivered directly by the bank employees and those services that are provided

Eduardo Torres; Arturo Z. Vásquez-Párraga



Microsoft Academic Search

La importancia que tienen los grupos de trabajo académicos para alcanzar objetivos que propicien la realización de investigación y desarrollo tecnológico en el Sistema Nacional de Institutos Tecnológicos hace imperativo su buen funcionamiento; de esto depende el poder alcanzar los objetivos o desviarse hacia actividades triviales. En ocasiones se realizan juntas pero no son productivas, con planeación defectuosa de las

Gloria Pérez Garmendia; Francisco Gerardo Barroso Tanoira; Concepción Mánica Zuccolotto



Comparisons between Paternal and Maternal Involvement with Sons: Early to Middle Childhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared father-son and mother-son involvement in two-parent families from early to middle childhood. Ninety-four families were recruited for a three-year follow-up study that began when the children were four years old. At each time point, in comparison to mothers, fathers were less accessible to their son on weekdays, and spent more…

Keown, Louise J.; Palmer, Melanie



Son maintains accurate splicing for a subset of human pre-mRNAs  

PubMed Central

Serine-arginine-rich (SR) proteins play a key role in alternative pre-mRNA splicing in eukaryotes. We recently showed that a large SR protein called Son has unique repeat motifs that are essential for maintaining the subnuclear organization of pre-mRNA processing factors in nuclear speckles. Motif analysis of Son highlights putative RNA interaction domains that suggest a direct role for Son in pre-mRNA splicing. Here, we used in situ approaches to show that Son localizes to a reporter minigene transcription site, and that RNAi-mediated Son depletion causes exon skipping on reporter transcripts at this transcription site. A genome-wide exon microarray analysis was performed to identify human transcription and splicing targets of Son. Our data show that Son-regulated splicing encompasses all known types of alternative splicing, the most common being alternative splicing of cassette exons. We confirmed that knockdown of Son leads to exon skipping in pre-mRNAs for chromatin-modifying enzymes, including ADA, HDAC6 and SetD8. This study reports a comprehensive view of human transcription and splicing targets for Son in fundamental cellular pathways such as integrin-mediated cell adhesion, cell cycle regulation, cholesterol biosynthesis, apoptosis and epigenetic regulation of gene expression.

Sharma, Alok; Markey, Michael; Torres-Munoz, Keshia; Varia, Sapna; Kadakia, Madhavi; Bubulya, Athanasios; Bubulya, Paula A.



SON68 glass dissolution driven by magnesium silicate precipitation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Experimental results are reported on the effect of magnesium silicate precipitation on the mechanisms and rate of borosilicate glass dissolution. Leaching experiments with SON68 glass, a borosilicate containing no Mg, were carried out in initially deionized water at 50 °C with a glass-surface-area-to-solution-volume ratio of 20,000 m-1. After 29 days of alteration the experimental conditions were modified by the addition of Mg to trigger the precipitation of Mg-silicate. Additional experiments were conducted to investigate the importance of other parameters such as pH or dissolved silica on the mechanisms of precipitation of Mg-silicates and their consequences on the glass dissolution rate. Mg-silicates precipitate immediately after Mg is added. The amount of altered glass increases with the quantity of added Mg, and is smaller when silicon is added in solution. A time lag is observed between the addition of magnesium and the resumption of glass alteration because silicon is first provided by partial dissolution of the previously formed alteration gel. It is shown that nucleation does not limit Mg-silicate precipitation. A pH above 8 is necessary for the phase to precipitate under the investigated experimental conditions. On the other hand the glass alteration kinetics limits the precipitation if the magnesium is supplied in solution at a non-limiting rate. The concentration of i in solution was analyzed as well as that of boron. The quantity of i released from the glass is estimated with the assumption that i and B are released congruently at the glass dissolution front. The remained quantity of the element i is then supposed to be in the gel or in the secondary phase. In this paper, we do not make a difference between gel and hydrated glass using the same word 'gel' whereas Gin et al. [40] makes this difference. Recent papers [40,41] discussed about different key issues related to the passivation properties of the alteration layer including the hydrated glass layer at the interface with the pristine glass, the gel and the secondary phases. B is not fixed in the gel layer but retention of both B and Li retention is evidenced in one part of the hydrated layer corresponding to a narrow interdiffusion layer [40]. The (H/Li) interdiffusion coefficient decreases by several orders of magnitude when the alteration solution is silica-saturated [41]. This interdiffusion coefficient is a relevant parameter for evaluating the passivation phenomenon. It has also been shown that the nanoporosity of the hydrated glass layer plays an important role [40]. It can be deduced that the precipitation of a silicate secondary phase associated with the consumption of silica strongly affects the hydration rate of the glass and as a consequence its alteration. So the precipitation of secondary phase is a motive force which modifies the physico-chemical properties of the reactive interface situated in the gel or probably in the hydrated glass which has a role of passivation. Currently, the notion of reactive interface and its physico-chemical conditions are under investigations. In our study, solid characterizations are difficult so we use only the general notion of a protective gel. The increased calcium concentrations correspond to congruent dissolution of the gel formed before the addition of magnesium. The Ca/Si molar ratio of the gel was estimated from each experiment based on the data for day 29; in each case the ratio was near 0.1. This hypothesis was not taken into account for the experiment with regular Mg additions because no gel alteration occurred between 45 and 63 days. Glass alteration released boron and silicon in the same proportions as in the glass. No gel formation occurred within the balance period except in the experiment with 100 mg L-1 of Mg at t = 0, for which the cases of 10%, 30% and 50% gel formation (percentage of silicon from glass alteration incorporated in the gel) are indicated as examples. Based on the calcium concentrations in solution for the experiment with 100 mg L-1 of Mg at t = 0, the most representative cas

Fleury, Benjamin; Godon, Nicole; Ayral, André; Gin, Stéphane



Breaking of the SO(N) Symmetry with Vector and Adjoint Higgses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The spontaneous symmetry breaking of SO(n) is investigated by studying the most general quartic SO(n) -invariant Higgs potential with two multiplets of scalars belonging to a vector and to an adjoint representation. In the most general cases largest resid...

K. Enqvist J. Maalampi



Son and daughter preferences in Benighat, Nepal: Implications for fertility transition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Married women in Benighat, Nepal stressed old age security and continuity of lineage as prominent reasons for wanting sons. In addition, women clearly desired daughters too—an important finding that is less often stressed. Religious reasons and help with household chores were the most common reasons reported for wanting a daughter. Strong desires for sons could increase fertility in settings where

Bhanu B. Niraula; S. Philip Morgan



Sociobiology, Status, and Parental Investment in Sons and Daughters: Testing the Trivers-Willard Hypothesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains that the Trivers-Willard hypothesis says that high-status parents favor sons over daughters while low-status parents favor daughters over sons. Examines whether the Trivers-Willard hypothesis is warranted by testing whether its predictions hold true among parents of adolescents in the United States. Finds little evidence to support the…

Powell, Brian; Freese, Jeremy



Does son preference influence children's growth in height? A comparative study of Chinese and Filipino children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has demonstrated that son preference has a serious impact on the survival and well-being of female infants and children in some parts of South and East Asia, but little is known about the consequences of son preference in later childhood and adolescence. We compare children's growth trajectories in height over childhood and adolescence in China, where the level of

Shige Song; Sarah A. Burgard



'Too many girls, too much dowry': son preference and daughter aversion in rural Tamil Nadu, India  

PubMed Central

The southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu has experienced a dramatic decline in fertility, accompanied by a trend of increased son preference. This paper reports on findings from qualitative interviews with women in rural villages about their fertility decision-making. Specifically addressed are the reasons behind increasing son preference and the consequences of this change. Findings suggest that daughter aversion, fuelled primarily by the perceived economic burden of daughters due to the proliferation of dowry, is playing a larger role in fertility decision-making than son preference. The desire for a son is often trumped by the worry over having many daughters. Women use various means of controlling the sex of their children, which in this study appear to be primarily female infanticide. It is important to distinguish between son preference and daughter aversion and to examine repercussions of low fertility within this setting.




Pathways to prevention: improving nonresident African American fathers' parenting skills and behaviors to reduce sons' aggression.  


This study describes a test of the Fathers and Sons Program for increasing intentions to avoid violence and reducing aggressive behaviors in 8- to 12-year-old African American boys by enhancing the parenting skills satisfaction and parenting behaviors of their nonresident fathers. The study included 158 intervention and 129 comparison group families. Structural equation model results indicated that the intervention was effective for improving fathers' parenting skills satisfaction, which was positively associated with sons' satisfaction with paternal engagement. Sons' paternal engagement satisfaction was positively associated with their intentions to avoid violence. Although aggressive behaviors were lower for comparison group sons, the intervention effectively reduced sons' aggressive behaviors indirectly by enhancing fathers' parenting behaviors. Support for family-centered youth violence prevention efforts is discussed. PMID:23746345

Howard Caldwell, Cleopatra; Antonakos, Cathy L; Assari, Shervin; Kruger, Daniel; De Loney, E Hill; Njai, Rashid



The influence of paternal substance abuse and difficult temperament in fathers and sons on sons' disengagement from family to deviant peers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was undertaken to examine the relative contribution of paternal history of substance abuse and difficult temperament in fathers and sons on a panel of individual, family, and interpersonal risk factors shown to be associated with deviant peer affiliations among boys. Deviant peer affiliations among boys have been associated with development of a conduct disorder and early age substance

Timothy C. Blackson; Ralph E. Tarter; Rolf Loeber; Robert T. Ammerman; Michael Windle



Effective Field Theory for the SO(n) Bilinear-Biquadratic Spin Chain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a low-energy effective field theory to describe the SO(n) bilinear-biquadratic spin chain. We start with n=6 and construct the effective theory by using six Majorana fermions. After determining various correlation functions, we characterize the phases and establish the relation between the effective theories for SO(6) and SO(5). Together with the known results for n=3 and 4, a reduction mechanism is proposed to understand the ground state for arbitrary SO(n). Also, we provide a generalization of the Lieb-Schultz-Mattis theorem for SO(n). The implications of our results for entanglement and correlation functions are discussed.

Tu, Hong-Hao; Orús, Román



Son-biased sex ratios in the 2000 United States Census.  


We document male-biased sex ratios among U.S.-born children of Chinese, Korean, and Asian Indian parents in the 2000 U.S. Census. This male bias is particularly evident for third children: If there was no previous son, sons outnumbered daughters by 50%. By contrast, the sex ratios of eldest and younger children with an older brother were both within the range of the biologically normal, as were White offspring sex ratios (irrespective of the elder siblings' sex). We interpret the found deviation in favor of sons to be evidence of sex selection, most likely at the prenatal stage. PMID:18378890

Almond, Douglas; Edlund, Lena



Familial Multiple Basal Cell Carcinoma (Gorlin's Syndrome): A Case Report of a Father and Son  

PubMed Central

Gorlin syndrome is a rare familial disorder characterized by numerous basal cell carcinomas along with facial and skeletal findings. Here, we report a father and son case, presented with features of Gorlin syndrome.

Nikam, Balkrishna; Kshirsagar, Ashok; Shivhare, Pratik; Garg, Amitoj



Eve's sons  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to use the episode of the baby allegedly cloned by the Raelians and born on the day after Christmas 2002 in order to analyse what is threatened by the prospect of cloning as a reproductive method, and why it is a matter of such importance as to provoke immediate and general condemnation. The announcement

Federico Neresini



Native Sons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 1960s, in the midst of Vietnam War protests and the emergence of the Black power movement, students John Garland and James Renick worked as campus advocates to change the environment and curricula at Central State University. Today, Garland, president of Central State, and his college friend Renick, who began serving as senior adviser to…

Anderson, Michelle D.



Predicting Boys’ Early-Onset Substance Abuse From Father’s Alcoholism, Son’s Disruptiveness, and Mother’s Parenting Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sons of male alcoholics (SOMAs) are said to be at risk for alcoholism. The present study examined 4 groups of 13-year-old boys: SOMAs with and without disruptive behaviors, disruptive boys who were not SOMAs, and control participants. The classification of disruptive was based on 7-year longitudinal data, and father’s alcoholism was determined by standardized tests. Mothers’ nurturance and promotion of

Patricia L. Dobkin; Richard E. Tremblay; Catherine Sacchitelle



History of son preference and sex selection in India and in the west.  


In the history of mankind, there was a time when women dominated the world. In due course of time, as the patriarchal societies evolved, the status of women gradually declined. Sons were preferred to daughters. In India, the Brahmin community promoted such customs and rituals, which gave more and more importance to sons eg. Lighting the funeral pyre of the father was told to be a pre-condition for salvation of his spirit. Similarly, in western civilization also women were considered to be weak. In consonance with such a mind-set man has been trying various techniques for sex-selection since antiquity eg. for acquiring a son choosing a special day, time and posture for sexual intercourse, special diet, charms and amulet and prayers etc. In Vedas also punsavana karma has been described as a technique for acquiring a son. Apart from these techniques, female infanticide has also been used as a way to create a male dominated, son-worshipping society. On development of the technique of ultrasonography as an example of progress of science and technology, man has devised a new way of killing females in womb itself, which has resulted in continuous decline in female: male sex ratio in India. To stop this, Indian Govt. promulgated PNDT Act 1994. But considering the widely prevalent practice of use of various regimen of sex-pre-selection by people as well as unscrupulous medical practitioners, Govt. of India has amended this Act (2002). Still, as authors have found in one of their studies, sex-selection drugs are being used widely by north Indians for getting a son. Here, it should be noted that sex-selection methods are being used in west also. But the perspective is different. There, it is not used for female feticide or for acquiring a son. Rather, it is more an effort towards demonstrating the control of man over the NATURE. PMID:17154116

Bandyopadhyay, Sutapa; Singh, Amarjeet



The Power of a Single Mother: The Influence of Black Women on Their Sons' Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the ways single Black mothers contribute to the educational success of their 11th-grade sons, despite the fact that their sons are enrolled in "failing schools." Data from five interviews and one focus group reveal common characteristics of how single-Black mothers help their sons beat the odds.

Robinson, Quintin L.; Werblow, Jacob




Microsoft Academic Search

El sector ovino-extensivo de la Meseta Central Santacruceña, extensa región ecológica del centro-Norte de la provincia de Santa Cruz (Patagonia Argentina), en las últimas décadas atraviesa una situación de crisis, evidenciada en el escaso porcentaje de parcelas que mantienen el uso del suelo tradicional. Las interpretaciones con respecto a las causas de la crisis no son muy numerosas, en la

Alberto Vazquez



Son and daughter preferences in Benighat, Nepal: implications for fertility transition.  


Married women in Benighat, Nepal stressed old age security and continuity of lineage as prominent reasons for wanting sons. In addition, women clearly desired daughters too--an important finding that is less often stressed. Religious reasons and help with household chores were the most common reasons reported for wanting a daughter. Strong desires for sons could increase fertility in settings where fertility is controlled. Additional desires for daughters could have an additional pronatalist influence. For Benighat we document a pervasive desire for at least two sons and at least one daughter. If realized, these sex composition preferences would increase fertility by 50 per cent. Actual effects are no doubt smaller, but the effects of sex preference on the desire for more children and on contraceptive use are clearly visible. PMID:8738551

Niraula, B B; Morgan, S P



Youngest Toba Tuff in the Son Valley, India: a weak and discontinuous stratigraphic marker  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Investigation of the climatic and environmental impacts of the Youngest Toba Tuff (YTT, ˜74 ka BP) eruption of Toba volcano, Sumatra, is crucial for understanding the consequences of the eruption for contemporaneous human populations. The Middle Son Valley, in India, was the first locality on the Indian subcontinent where the YTT was reported. The ash bed forms a discontinuous layer stretching for over 30 km along the river. Here we report on the stratigraphic contexts of YTT ash layers in alluvial deposits of the Middle Son Valley, in order to reconstruct the taphonomy of the ash deposits and the dynamic of their deposition. Although the distal ash has been studied since the 1980s, its stratigraphic integrity and the mechanisms and pathways involved in its transport and deposition have bit previously been assessed. We find that the YTT occurrences in the Middle Son Valley may not be reliable chronostratigraphical markers for millennial scale palaeoenvironmental reconstruction.

Gatti, E.; Durant, A. J.; Gibbard, P. L.; Oppenheimer, C.



Non-genetic benefits of mate choice: fecundity enhancement and sexy sons.  


I compared reproductive success (lifetime number of fertilized eggs) as a function of mate choice among females of the stink bug, Nezara viridula L. (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). 'Choosing' (C) females were placed with one of two males on alternate days. CI females chose between inexperienced males while CR females chose between males previously rejected by CI females. 'Non-choosing' (N) females were placed with the same male every day. Non-choosing NI, NR and NA females encountered, respectively, inexperienced males, previously rejected males, or previously accepted and mated males. Reproductive success was highest for CI females, showing direct selection on mate preferences. Reproductive success did not differ between CR and NR females, indicating that male quality, not the act of choosing a mate, affects fitness. CI females preferred males with longer antennae and their fecundity (lifetime number of eggs) was correlated with male antenna length, consistent with antenna length as an indicator of male ability to transfer nutritive sperm produced in paired harlequin lobes of the testes. Harlequin lobes were smaller in rejected than chosen males. In second-generation mate choice trials, sons of NR females competed well against sons of NA females but not against sons of CI females. This suggests that non-genetic paternal contributions that decline with prior mating account for the attractiveness of sons because sons of CI and NA females shared the same fathers. Sons experiencing mating success came from larger eggs and egg size was greatest for CI females, perhaps as a consequence of paternal nutritional contributions. Copyright 1998 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour. Copyright 1998 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour. PMID:9632504





Microsoft Academic Search

This treatise reviews documentation sour ces and historical literature on the fifth through seventh sons of Captain John Whi pple of Providence, Rhode Island, and their immediate Rhode Island descendants. Th e western movement across the American frontier by later representative descendants of each brother chronicles the continued influence of these three families on subsequent generations. This is the second

Charles M. Whipple; Barbara R. Carroll


A father's role in supporting his son's developing awareness of self  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper traces the relationship between a baby and his father over the first two years of his life. Based primarily in the intimate bath time setting, it describes father's early containment and capacity to give his son space to explore his feelings of pleasure as well as fear and anger. The resultant early trust and support for later individuation

Jane Blatt



Fathers Are Important People: A Study of Father-Son Sexual Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived role of African-American fathers in educating their sons about sex and HIV prevention. Given that some studies have shown a relationship between parent-adolescent sexual communication and adolescent sexual behavior, and the disproportionately high rates of teen pregnancy and HIV (and other…

DiIorio, Colleen; Lehr, Sally; Wasserman, Jill L.; Eichler, Michelle; Cherry, Chauncey; Denzmore, Pamela



Boys Will Be Men: Raising Our Sons for Courage, Caring and Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers practical advice on how to rear sons to become the kind of men needed for a multicultural and democratic society. Suggestions are given for dealing with racism, homophobia, pornography, drugs, social class problems, consumerism, sex, and violence. The chapters are: (1) "Male Socialization"; (2) "The Big Picture"; (3) "Mothering,…

Kivel, Paul


Son preference and the sex ratio at birth in China: A provincial level analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we use data from the 1 Per Cent Sample of the 1990 Census of China to calculate sex ratios for the Chinese provinces that are specific not only to parity, but also to the sex composition of previously?born children. We analyze the degree of relationship among and between the SRB's and then consider the phenomenon of son

Dudley L. Poston Jr; Baochang Gu; Peihang Peggy Liu; Terra McDaniel



Son Preference, Sex Selection and Economic Development: Theory and Evidence from South Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivated by high and rising sex ratios in countries such as India and China, we formulate a theoretical framework for analyzing the impact of economic development on parental sex choice when sons are culturally prized and children provide old age support. Two key assumptions drive our model. First, the cultural valuation of children vary not only with gender but also

Lena Edlund; Chulhee Lee



When the Least Restrictive Environment is Residential: Meeting the Needs of Our Son  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author, a parent of Malik, a special needs child with CHARGE Syndrome, describes the difficulties she encountered with her local educational agency (LEA) in transitioning her son from the Perkins School for the Blind in Watertown, Massachusetts to the Eastern North Carolina School for the Deaf (ENCSD). At ENCSD, Malik now…

Morris, Djenne-Amal



Mothers and Their Sons: Everyday Communication as an Indicator and Correlate of Relationship Satisfaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated whether routine, everyday communication in parent-child relationships affects relationship satisfaction as well as how conflict might fit into the relational picture. Fifty-two mothers (38 married and 14 single) with sons 5-14 years of age completed the Iowa Communication Record (ICR) to provide information about routine…

Dixson, Marcia D.


Le parc de logements en 1973 et son évolution depuis dix ans  

Microsoft Academic Search

[fre] Le parc de logements en 1973 et son évolution depuis 1968 par Nicole SELIGMANN. L'enquête sur le logement effectuée par l'INSEE en novembre 1973 a dénombré 20 300 000 logements dont plus de 17100 000 résidences principales. En moyenne annuelle sur la période 1968' à 1973, la construction de résidences principales a été de 422 000 logements dont 227

Nicole Seligmann



Mother's Education and Effect of Son Preference on Fertility in Matlab, Bangladesh.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Follows earlier research that hypothesized and substantiated that, in a society with strong son preference, its effect on fertility would be conditional on the level of contraceptive use. Finds that, if a preference for smaller family size increases, then sex preference will have minimal effect on fertility. (LZ)

Chowdhury, Mridul, K.



The fitness of dispersing spotted hyaena sons is influenced by maternal social status  

Microsoft Academic Search

Life history theory predicts that mothers should provide their offspring with a privileged upbringing if this enhances their offspring's and their own fitness. In many mammals, high-ranking mothers provide their offspring with a privileged upbringing. Whether dispersing sons gain fitness benefits during adulthood from such privileges (a 'silver spoon' effect) has rarely been examined. In this paper, we show that

Oliver P. Höner; Bettina Wachter; Heribert Hofer; Kerstin Wilhelm; Dagmar Thierer; Fritz Trillmich; Terry Burke; Marion L. East



Somatic Chromosomes of Eight Mammals from Con Son Island, South Vietnam.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Somatic chromosomes of mammals from Con Son Island, Republic of (South) Vietnam were: Suncus murinus murinus, 2n=40; Tupaia glis dissimilis, 2n=60; Macaca fascicularis condorensis, 2n=42; Rattus berdmorei magnus, 2n=40; R. exulans subsp., 2n=42; R. nivive...

J. F. Duncan P. F. D. Van Peenen P. F. Ryan



Marriage Form and Son Preference in Rural China: An Investigation in Three Counties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from two surveys in three counties among which the prevalence of uxorilocal marriage varies greatly, this paper analyzes effects of marriage form, as well as individual, family, and social factors on son preference in the context of strict birth control in rural China. It is shown that, under the Chinese patrilineal joint family system,…

Jin, Xiaoyi; Li, Shuzhuo; Feldman, Marcus W.




Microsoft Academic Search

Sons and Lovers is considered to be one of the most significant works of D.H. Lawrence which is being taught in many universities of Pakistan for several years. As a piece of art, undoubtedly, this novel transmits some moral values and an exact picture of life, but the central theme about the phenomenon of Mother Fixation exerts some undesirable impact

Shumaila Mazhar; Zaira Wahab



La intercoperación: una respuesta a las actuales demandas del cooperativismo agrario  

Microsoft Academic Search

Las cooperativas agrarias son entidades que a lo largo de la historia han demostrado una gran capacidad generadora de bienestar y riqueza para el mundo rural, constituyendo en muchas ocasiones el motor fundamental de la vida económica y social en numerosos territorios, a la vez que el principal instrumento empresarial al servicio de sus habitantes. Con todo, los importantes cambios





Microsoft Academic Search

En estos tiempos de globalización la administración de la cadena de suministro requiere de adaptar el producto a las necesidades del cliente por lo cual existen tres elementos que son inherentes a este evento: cadena de suministro, posposición y herramientas para su análisis. El concepto de cadena de suministro se refiere a un sistema de entidades (proveedores, fabricantes, almacenadores-distribuidores, vendedores

Ulises Mercado Valenzuela; Oliverio Cruz-Mejía



Nutrición deportiva en la infancia: Cumplimiento de las demandas metabólicas del crecimiento y el ejercicio  

Microsoft Academic Search

ExtractoLos objetivos fundamentales de la infancia son el crecimiento y la maduración óptimos. Estos procesos relacionados con el desarrollo exigen un balance energético y nitrogenado positivo. Aunque la actividad física regular puede intensificar el desarrollo en la infancia, un entrenamiento físico extenuante puede reducir las reservas de energía y nitrógeno del organismo que, entonces, deberán reemplazarse a través de la

C. L. Zanker



Instabilities of spherical solutions with multiple Galileons and SO(N) symmetry  

SciTech Connect

The 4-dimensional effective theory arising from an induced gravity action for a codimension greater than one brane consists of multiple Galileon fields {pi}{sup I}, I=1,...,N, invariant under separate Galilean transformations for each scalar, and under an internal SO(N) symmetry. We study the viability of such models by examining spherically symmetric solutions. We find that for general, nonderivative couplings to matter invariant under the internal symmetry, such solutions exist and exhibit a Vainshtein screening effect. By studying perturbations about such solutions, we find both an inevitable gradient instability and fluctuations propagating at superluminal speeds. These findings suggest that more general, derivative couplings to matter are required for the viability of SO(N) Galileon theories.

Andrews, Melinda; Hinterbichler, Kurt; Khoury, Justin; Trodden, Mark [Center for Particle Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, 209 S. 33rd Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-6396 (United States)



[From the Creationist Pierre-Joseph Van Beneden to his Darwinian son Edouard].  


In the XIXth century, Pierre-Joseph and Edouard Van Beneden were the two most prominent zoologists in Belgium. If one looks for other cases of father and son having both lead eminent scientific careers, a definite kinship is usually observed. But in the present instance, the publication of the Origin of Species by Darwin in 1859 gave rise to a drastic antithesis. The father remained a convinced creationist and an authoritative representative of the catholic religion while the son became an unconditional Darwinist and an atheist. He was not only the bright teacher, the passionate research worker and the great scientific leader reported by his pupils. His behaviour was also typical of a provocative scientist of the end of the XIXth century and a great stoic. PMID:10495691

Hamoir, G



'Exceptional sons' from Drosophila melanogaster mothers carrying a balancer X chromosome.  


This study reports on exceptional males which are obtained by using Drosophila melanogaster mothers carrying the balancers In(1)FM6 or In(1)FM7 as one of their X chromosomes. The phenomenon was first observed in interspecific crosses between D. melanogaster females and males of its closest relatives which normally produce unisexual female hybrid progeny. Whereas hybrid sons from these crosses die as third instar larvae, the presence of the particular X balancers in the mother allows a low percentage of sons to survive. Similar sterile males are also observed among non-hybrid flies. Data are presented which suggest that the males thus generated could be hyperploid for part of their X chromosome as a result of a meiotic event in their mothers or else they could start life as female zygotes and change sex through a mitotic event at an early stage. PMID:2118468

Hutter, P



Virgin ant queens mate with their own sons to avoid failure at colony foundation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mother-son mating (oedipal mating) is practically non-existent in social Hymenoptera, as queens typically avoid inbreeding, mate only early in life and do not mate again after having begun to lay eggs. In the ant genus Cardiocondyla mating occurs among sib in the natal nests. Sex ratios are extremely female-biased and young queens face the risk of remaining without mating partners. Here, we show that virgin queens of Cardiocondyla argyrotricha produce sons from their own unfertilized eggs and later mate with them to produce female offspring from fertilized eggs. Oedipal mating may allow C. argyrotricha queens to found new colonies when no mating partners are available and thus maintains their unusual life history combining monogyny, mating in the nest, and low male production. Our result indicates that a trait that sporadically occurs in solitary haplodiploid animals may evolve also in social Hymenoptera under appropriate ecological and social conditions.

Schmidt, Christine Vanessa; Frohschammer, Sabine; Schrempf, Alexandra; Heinze, Jürgen



Confession and Forgiveness: A Pastoral Reading of A Father’s Son by Lionel Dahmer  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers a pastoral reading of the memoir written by Lionel Dahmer, the father of the serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer.\\u000a I suggest that the literary genre of the memoir provided Lionel with a means of confession that enabled him to process three\\u000a particular experiences related to his son—namely, grief, shame, and regret. I also suggest that the writing of

Nathan Carlin



An Exploratory Analysis of Critical Incidents of Closeness in the Mother\\/Son Relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the current project was to investigate critical moments affecting closeness within the historically understudied mother\\/son relationship. A significant amount of research on the interpersonal qualities of the parent-child relationship has been conducted. A gap in knowledge regarding opposite-sex parent-child relationships, however, continues to exist. The purpose of this project was to identify significant life events that either

Mark T. Morman; Marianna Whitely



Potential evapotranspiration estimation and its effect on hydrological model response at the Nong Son Basin  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential evapotranspiration can be directly calculated by the Penman-Monteith equation, known as the one-step method. The approach requires data on the land cover and related- vegetation parameters based on AVHRR and LDAS information, which are available in recent years. The Nong Son Basin, a sub-catchment of the Vu Gia - Thu Bon Basin in the Central Vietnam, is selected

Vu Van Nghi; Do Duc Dung; Dang Thanh Lam



Familial Occurrence of Atrioventricular Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia in a Mother and Her Son  

PubMed Central

Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT), caused by a reentry circuit involving fast and slow atrioventricular nodal pathways, is one of the most common types of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardias. While familial Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome has been well recognized, familial AVNRT has been rarely reported. We report a familial occurrence of AVNRT in a mother and her son, who were symptomatic and successfully treated with radiofrequency catheter ablation of slow pathway.

Kwak, Jae-Jin; Choe, Hyunmin; Kwon, Sung Uk; Doh, Joon Hyung; Lee, Sung Yun; Lee, Won Ro



Son preference and sex-selective abortion in China: informing policy options  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  There is growing evidence in China that son preference is on the decline, but the sex ratio at birth is still the highest\\u000a in the world at around 120 male births to 100 females. The aim of the study was to explore attitudes towards gender preference\\u000a among people of reproductive age, to determine the reasons why the sex ratio is

Chi Zhou; Xiao Lei Wang; Xu Dong Zhou; Therese Hesketh


PerSON: A Framework for Service Overlay Network in Pervasive Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the increase in the number of mobile devices and their network capabilities, users expect transparent access to available\\u000a services in their pervasive environment. However, heterogeneity and interoperability issues persist in existing mechanisms.\\u000a In this paper, we present a lightweight framework, PerSON (Service Overlay Network for Pervasive Environments), to abstract\\u000a the details of service provision and utilization in a pervasive

Kumaravel Senthivel; Swaroop Kalasapur; Mohan Kumar



Effects of time-to-trigger parameter on handover performance in SON-based LTE systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we evaluate handover (HO) performance when we apply various time-to-trigger (TTT) methods in self-organizing network (SON)-based long term evolution (LTE) systems. Although TTT can mitigate the wasteful ping-pong HO effect, it also can cause undesirable radio link failure (RLF) due to delayed HO. The optimal HO timings that produce the lowest ping-pong rate within allowable RLF rate

Yejee Lee; Bongjhin Shin; Jaechan Lim; Daehyoung Hong



The death of a parent: Its impact on middle-aged sons and daughters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coming to terms with finitude is the central task of mid-life. The death of a parent of middle-aged sons and daughters intensifies that crisis in three ways: being without a parent is like being a middle-aged orphan; the death of one or both parents may finally make autonomy possible; when the last parent dies, death seems closer because the buffer

Herbert Anderson



Views of Astronaut (Col.) Joe Engle and son Jon with L-5 Piper Cub  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Views of Astronaut (Col.) Joe Engle and son Jon with L-5 Piper Cub at Clover Airport. Photos includes Jon Engle sitting on side door frame working on portion of wing. Joe Engle is behind him working on a wing strut (34329); Joe Engle works on tightening bolt (34330); Jon Engle works on portion of wing which connects to the cockpit. Joe Engle works on connecting strut to wing (34331).



The mystery of the perpetual motion clock of Geiser and Son  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A description of the operation and mechanisms of a so called perpetual motion clock is given. At the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th century, the achievement of perpetual motion was one of the Neuchatel clockmakers' great interests. Some watchmakers presented scientists and the public with constructions which, at first sight, seemed to have solved the problem. In 1815 a really interesting clock mechanism invented by Jean Geiser and his son was presented in Neuchatel.

Piguet, Jean-Michel


Male microchimerism in women with systemic sclerosis and healthy women who have never given birth to a son  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Male DNA or cells are often used to measure microchimerism in a woman. In studies of autoimmune diseases male microchimerism is most often attributed to the previous birth of a son.Objective: To determine the frequency of male microchimerism in healthy women or women with systemic sclerosis who had never given birth to a son.Methods: Real time quantitative polymerase chain

N C Lambert; J M Pang; Z Yan; T D Erickson; A M Stevens; D E Furst; J L Nelson



The Impact of Birth Order on Intergenerational Transmission of Attitudes from Parents to Adolescent Sons: The Israeli Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study deals with birth order and its impact on intergenerational transmission of parental attitudes to adolescent sons in Israeli society. The sample included 294 participants (including 98 mothers, 98 fathers, and 98 sons). The attitudes chosen were key issues of concern in Israeli society: gender role attitudes, ethnic stereotypes, and…

Kulik, Liat



Designing Messages to Motivate Parents to Get Their Preteenage Sons Vaccinated Against Human Papillomavirus  

PubMed Central

CONTEXT Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, licensed for use in 9–26-year-olds, is most effective when given before sexual activity begins. HPV causes genital warts, is associated with several cancers and disproportionately affects racial and ethnic minorities. Parents are typically unaware of male HPV vaccine; messages that might motivate them to get their preteenage sons vaccinated are unexplored. METHODS Messages promoting vaccination of preteenage boys were designed and tested in 2009 and 2010. Five focus groups were conducted with 29 black parents of 11–12-year-old boys, recruited through three churches and a middle school in North Carolina, and a racially diverse sample of 100 parents of 9–13-year-old boys in a university-based adolescent health clinic was interviewed. A constant comparison method was used to code transcripts and interpret themes. Chi-square and t tests or analyses of variance were used to assess differences in quantitative data. RESULTS Focus group parents knew little about HPV in males. Although concerned about safety and cost, parents supported vaccination for their sons. They wanted to see racial diversity and both parents in motivational materials. In interviews, 89% of parents reported never having heard of male HPV vaccine. The largest proportion said that a message stressing the prevalence and possible consequences of HPV infection was the most motivating (32%); the design favored by the largest proportion (43%) showed two parents. CONCLUSIONS Messages that may most motivate parents to get preteenage boys vaccinated against HPV focus on infection risk and include images of parents with their sons.

Cates, Joan R.; Ortiz, Rebecca; Shafer, Autumn; Romocki, LaHoma Smith; Coyne-Beasley, Tamera



Complicated grief and manic comorbidity in the aftermath of the loss of a son.  


Based on the recommendations of the sub-workgroup on trauma and dissociative disorders, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) removed the "bereavement exclusion" from the criteria for major depression in DSM-5. In addition, proposed DSM-5 research criteria for persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD) were included in the new manual in a section for conditions and criteria needing further research. We describe a case that warranted such a diagnosis. The patient was a 52- year-old woman who was admitted to the inpatient unit of our clinic on the birthday of her son who had died 18 months earlier. She was diagnosed with a manic episode with psychotic symptoms according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria and was treated accordingly. Three months after discharge, she made a suicide attempt and was admitted and re-assessed. During this admission, she completed the Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG), the Mood-Spectrum Rating Scale (MOODS-SR), and the Trauma and Loss Spectrum questionnaire (TALS-SR). She endorsed symptoms of intense yearning for her son, feelings of shock and disbelief, anger and bitterness related to his death, estrangement from others, auditory, tactile and visual hallucinations of the deceased, and intense emotional reactivity to memories of her son. These symptoms were sufficiently prolonged and severe to meet criteria for complicated grief. While complicated grief appeared to be the primary diagnosis for this patient, when she was diagnosed using only DSMIV-TR criteria, her treatment failed to address herprimary problem. This case draws attention to the occurrence of manic-like symptoms as well as depression-like manifestations following bereavement and highlights the importance of including the syndrome of complicated grief in the diagnostic nomenclature. PMID:24042249

Carmassi, Claudia; Shear, M Katherine; Socci, Chiara; Corsi, Martina; Dell'osso, Liliana; First, Michael B



Situation de Lymantria dispar [Lep.: Lymantriidae] et de son complexe parasitaire en Iran, en 1976  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé  \\u000a Lymantria dispar (L.) est réparti en Iran dans la région la plus septentrionale du pays, le long de la mer Caspienne. Son aire recouvre le\\u000a versant nord du massif de l'Elbourz, du nord de Tabriz à l'ouest jusqu'à Bojnurd à l'est. Ses plantes-hôtes sont très variées\\u000a et comprennent les genres suivant:Alnus, Populus. Gleditschia. Quercus, Carpinus. Prunus. L'inventaire des ennemis

F. Hérard; G. Mercadier; M. Abai



The Tragedy of Hamlet, Son of an Organic Chemist of Denmark  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Once faced with structure reactivity relationships in the context of nucleophilic substitution at sp 3 carbon, introductory organic chemistry students must compare and contrast the various attributes and ramifications of S N 2 versus S N 1 reaction pathways. The dramatic (even melodramatic) way in which some students ask such comparative questions inspired a parody of Hamlet's famous to be or not to be soliloquy. Herein, Hamlet (the son of an organic chemist of Denmark) is the surrogate of any and every student as he uses a thoroughly Shakespearian approach to sorting out some of the key distinguishing features of S N 2 versus S N 1 reactions.

Brisbois, Ronald G.



Las Vegas Strip History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by amateur cultural historian Deanna DeMatteo, this site offers "the most detailed history of the Las Vegas Strip on the Internet today," showing in words and graphics the evolution of the properties on the Strip from its beginning to the present. Drawing on materials provided by publications, professional Las Vegas historians, and the Nevada State Museum and Historical Society, DeMatteo offers a detailed, noncommercial history with plenty of photographs (many archival) of the strip from the first night club in 1930 named Pair O Dice to the first true casino hotel, El Rancho with 63 rooms in 1941, to Hilton's giant Paris Las Vegas opening earlier this Fall with 2,914 rooms. There is also a special topics section, covering people significant in the strip's development, such as Warren "Doc" Bayley and Howard Hughes. Launched in August, the Website is continually updated with new material. Note: to reach table of contents, click on the photograph at end of the homepage.

Dematteo, Deanna.


Changhsingian (Late Permian) conodonts from Son La, northwest Vietnam and their stratigraphic and tectonic implications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Late Permian conodonts are for the first time reported from Vietnam. Pa, Sa, Sb, Sc and M elements of the Changhsingian conodont species Hindeodus julfensis (Sweet) are reported from a 40 cm thick limestone in the middle part of the Yenduyet Formation near Son La, NW Vietnam. The occurrence of H. julfensis indicates a Changhsingian age that is consistent with an interpreted early Changhsingian age for a brachiopod fauna slightly higher in the sampled section. The Son La section is located in the Song Da Rift Zone and overlies basaltic volcanics considered equivalent to the Emeishan large igneous province basalts that are plume related. The Permian-Triassic boundary in Vietnam is yet to be precisely located biostratigraphically but proxy chemostratigraphic data indicate its likely position in sections at Nhi Tao and Lung Cam, N. Vietnam and correlation with the Global Stratotype Section and Point at Meishan, South China. The recovered conodonts have a Conodont Colour Alteration Index of 5 and have been heated to c. 600 °C but they do not show any evidence of textural alteration due to regional metamorphism such as micro-folding or stretching that would indicate any direct effects of the compressional Indosinian Orogeny.

Metcalfe, I.



A tentative 2D thermal model of central India across the Narmada-Son Lineament (NSL)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work deals with 2D thermal modeling in order to delineate the crustal thermal structure of central India along two Deep Seismic Sounding (DSS) profiles, namely Khajuriakalan-Pulgaon and Ujjan-Mahan, traversing the Narmada-Son-Lineament (NSL) in an almost north-south direction. Knowledge of the crustal structure and P-wave velocity distribution up to the Moho, obtained from DSS studies, has been used for the development of the thermal model. Numerical results reveal that the Moho temperature in this region of central India varies between 500 and 580 °C. The estimated heat flow density value is found to vary between 46 and 49 mW/m 2. The Curie depth varies between 40 and 42 km and is in close agreement with the Curie depth (40±4 km) estimated from the analysis of MAGSAT data. Based on the present work and previous work, it is suggested that the major part of peninsular India consisting of the Wardha-Pranhita Godavari graben/basin, Bastar craton and the adjoining region of the Narmada Son Lineament between profiles I and III towards the north and northwest of the Bastar craton are characterized with a similar mantle heat flow density value equal to ˜23 mW/m 2. Variation in surface heat flow density values in these regions are caused by variation in the radioactive heat production and fluid circulation in the upper crustal layer.

Rai, S. N.; Thiagarajan, S.



Hierarchy of exactly solvable spin-1/2 chains with so(N)1 critical points  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We construct a hierarchy of exactly solvable spin-1/2 chains with so(N)1 critical points. Our construction is based on the framework of condensate-induced transitions between topological phases. We employ this framework to construct a Hamiltonian term that couples N transverse field Ising chains such that the resulting theory is critical and described by the so(N)1 conformal field theory. By employing spin duality transformations, we then cast these spin chains for arbitrary N into translationally invariant forms that all allow exact solution by the means of a Jordan-Wigner transformation. For odd N our models generalize the phase diagram of the transverse field Ising chain, the simplest model in our hierarchy. For even N the models can be viewed as longer ranger generalizations of the XY chain, the next model in the hierarchy. We also demonstrate that our method of constructing spin chains with given critical points goes beyond exactly solvable models. Applying the same strategy to the Blume-Capel model, a spin-1 generalization of the Ising chain in a generic magnetic field, we construct another critical spin-1 chain with the predicted conformal field theory (CFT) describing the criticality.

Lahtinen, Ville; Mânsson, Teresia; Ardonne, Eddy



Evolution of Hang Son Doong, Vietnam: the largest cave passage in the world  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hang Son Doong (HSD), or Mountain River Cave, in the Quang Binh province of Vietnam, is considered to be the largest cave passage in the world. It has continuous widths near 100 m, and heights locally exceeding 200 m in a passage >6.5 km long. HSD is one of many extremely large caves in the tropical karst of the Ke Bang massif, a massively bedded limestone surrounded by metamorphic and clastic sedimentary rocks. Why are these caves so large? Is it because they are young and rapidly formed, or instead did they form slowly in exceptionally strong bedrock? To address these questions it is necessary to examine the style and timing of speleogenesis. Hang Son Doong was formed by an allogenic river sinking along a straight subvertical fault. The cave is formed largely within a brecciated fault zone that extends up to 100 m wide. A relict karst valley indicates that speleogenesis occurred due to wholesale capture of the surface river. The cave pattern is strongly fault-controlled with few branches, consistent with a primarily allogenic rather than distributed recharge. The cave is punctuated by two collapse dolines, one of which impedes discharge today. Massive slackwater deposits perhaps 100 m thick accumulated upstream of this doline collapse, and are overlain by corroded flowstone. To place some time constraints on speleogenesis, two samples were collected for cosmogenic nuclide burial dating with 26Al and 10Be in allogenic quartz. One was from the slackwater deposits, and another from a breccia-filled tributary passage at a fault junction. Both samples postdate cave formation, and can only be used to place minimum ages on the cave. Cosmogenic nuclide concentrations are very low, leading to large uncertainties in the ages. Nonetheless, the burial ages yield some important information. Initial results indicate that the slackwater deposits formed recently, during the past 300 ky. The filled passage, on the other hand, is much older and dates to the Pliocene. Re-analyses underway will hopefully improve dating precision. Based on the breccia-filled passage, the age of HSD is at least 2 My, and possibly much older. This is consistent with ages from other large caves around the world, such as the Mammoth Cave system and large caves of the Cumberland Plateau in the southeastern United States, which date to the Pliocene and late Miocene. The very large cave passages of Hang Son Doong and the Ke Bang massif thus likely formed slowly over millions of years with only moderately large discharge, and owe their preservation primarily to rock strength.

Granger, D. E.



A trade-off between having many sons and shorter maternal post-reproductive survival in pre-industrial Finland  

PubMed Central

A bias in reproduction towards sons, which are energetically more costly than daughters, has been suggested to shorten parental lifespan, but previous results have been mixed. Reproductive costs should be most evident in low rather than high resource settings, and are not expected to be severe in men, because women pay higher direct costs of reproduction. We, therefore, used demographic data from pre-industrial Finland to investigate whether the number of sons and daughters born affected their parents’ post-reproductive survival and whether this was related to parent's resource availability. Irrespective of access to resources, mothers, but not fathers, with many sons suffered from reduced post-reproductive survival, and this association decreased as mothers aged. Our results provide evidence that Finnish mothers traded long post-reproductive lifespan for giving birth to many sons.

Helle, Samuli; Lummaa, Virpi



77 FR 72906 - Chessie Logistics Co., LLC-Acquisition and Operation Exemption-J. Emil Anderson & Son, Inc.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. FD 35700] Chessie Logistics Co., LLC--Acquisition and...Anderson & Son, Inc. Chessie Logistics Co., LLC (Chessie), a noncarrier...Erbacher, Legal Counsel, Chessie Logistics Co., LLC, 1001 Green Bay Rd., Unit 204,...



The death of a young son in violent circumstance: understanding the experience of the mother.  


This study was aimed at understanding the life of a mother who lost their child in violent circumstances. The methodological proceedings were supported on phenomenology. The study population was constituted by five mothers who had lost its young children for homicide. These homicides occurred different times ranging from 50 days to 10 years. I used as instrument of collection of data open interview the phenomenological method guided by a orienting question. The analysis phenomenology in their discourses showed the comprehension of essential meanings which were systematized in categories: the child's mummification in the memory; the two ways followed by the publicity concerning the death; fondness to spirituality to endure the pain from the child's death; maternal complicity and impunity. The results of this study can contribute to elaboration of intervention proposals close to the mothers in the sense of helping them in the reorganization of their lives after son's death. PMID:18695804

Alarcão, Ana Carolina Jacinto; Carvalho, Maria Dalva de Barros; Pelloso, Sandra Marisa



Like father, like son: periventricular nodular heterotopia and nonverbal learning disorder.  


Periventricular nodular heterotopia is a common malformation of cortical development in which the migration of developing neurons destined for the cerebral cortex is abbreviated. Bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia is most commonly an X-linked disorder that involves mutations in the filamin A (FLNA) gene, but an autosomal recessive form and sporadic forms have been identified. To our knowledge, autosomal dominant transmission of isolated periventricular nodular heterotopia has not been reported. Periventricular nodular heterotopia has a heterogeneous phenotype, associated commonly with seizure disorder, and more recently with reading deficits and visual-spatial deficits in some patients. We present a father and son with bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia and similar visual-spatial learning deficits, consistent with nonverbal learning disability. PMID:18660478

McCann, Marcia V; Pongonis, Stephen J; Golomb, Meredith R; Edwards-Brown, Mary; Christensen, Celanie K; Sokol, Deborah K



Membrane-dependent Signal Integration by the Ras Activator Son of Sevenless  

PubMed Central

The kinetics of Ras activation by Son of Sevenless (SOS) changes profoundly when Ras is tethered to membranes, instead of being in solution. SOS has two binding sites for Ras, one of which is an allosteric site that is distal to the active site. The activity of the SOS catalytic unit (SOScat) is up to 500-fold higher when Ras is on membranes, compared to rates in solution, because the allosteric Ras site anchors SOScat to the membrane. This effect is blocked by the N-terminal segment of SOS, which occludes the allosteric site. We show that SOS responds to the membrane density of Ras molecules, to their state of GTP loading and to the membrane concentration of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2), and that the integration of these signals potentiates the release of auto-inhibition.

Gureasko, Jodi; Galush, William J.; Boykevisch, Sean; Sondermann, Holger; Bar-Sagi, Dafna; Groves, Jay T.; Kuriyan, John



Ethnic differences in the mother-son relationship of incarcerated and non-incarcerated male adolescents in the Netherlands  

PubMed Central

Background In the Netherlands, youths of Moroccan origin account for a disproportionately large percentage of the population in juvenile justice institutions. Previous research showed that Moroccan adolescents in pre-trial arrest are characterized by less serious offending behavior (i.e., primarily property-based) and lower levels of mental health problems than native Dutch adolescents in pre-trial arrest. To date, little is known about the parent-child relationship of these adolescents. This study examines the mother-son relationships of Moroccan and native Dutch delinquent adolescents and their association with adolescent delinquency. Methods In the present study, differences in the mother-son relationship characteristics between families of incarcerated (N = 129) and non-incarcerated (N = 324) adolescents were examined, and it was analyzed if these differences between incarcerated and non-incarcerated adolescents were the same for Moroccans and native Dutch. Data collection for the incarcerated sample took place from 2006 to 2008. Comparison data were used of interviews conducted with mothers originating from former larger studies in the general Dutch population. Latent Class Analysis was performed in order to identify types of mother-son relationship. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify the relationships between mother-son relationship types, incarceration and ethnicity. Results A three class model of mother-son relationship types was found: a low-conflict mother-son relationship type, a high-conflict mother-son relationship type, and a neglectful mother-son relationship type. Compared to the native Dutch adolescents, Moroccans (both in the incarcerated and non-incarcerated population) more often showed a neglectful mother-son relationship type. For Moroccans, no differences in mother-son relationship types were found between the incarcerated and non-incarcerated adolescents, whereas considerable differences occurred between the native Dutch incarcerated and non-incarcerated adolescents. Conclusions Our findings indicate that mother-son relationship types of incarcerated Moroccan adolescents and non-incarcerated Moroccan adolescents are rather comparable. These findings are in line with previous studies which revealed the less problematic profile of Moroccan adolescents in pre-trial arrest in the Netherlands compared to native Dutch adolescents in pre-trial arrest.



Análisis del papel que ejercen las competencias laborales en el personal que integra la cadena de suministro  

Microsoft Academic Search

El personal logístico es un componente esencial en el análisis de las cadenas de suministros, pues estos son los encargados de lograr que funcione de forma integrada y efectiva. La cadena de suministro es un escalón superior de desarrollo y se encarga de gestionar los flujos desde los proveedores principales hasta el cliente final. Para alcanzar la satisfacción de los

Neyfe Sablón Cossío; Yadney Osmaida Miranda Lorenzo; Alberto Medina León; José Antonio Acevedo Suárez; Varna Hernández Junco



Permo-Triassic intermediate felsic magmatism of the Truong Son belt, eastern margin of Indochina  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Permo-Triassic intermediate-felsic magmatism is developed along the Truong Son fold belt, located in the eastern margin of the Indochina Block. It comprises a succession of the active continental margin associations: calc-alkaline volcano-plutonic associations (272-248 Ma), peraluminous granites (259-245 Ma), and subalkaline felsic volcano-plutonic associations (younger than 245 Ma). Detailed study of geochemical characteristics such as trace elements (LILE, REE, HFSE) and isotopes (Sr, Nd, Pb) indicates that they are homogeneous and that they are products of the Palaeotethys subduction process in relation to Indochina (IC)/North Vietnam-South China (NV-SC) amalgamation (S.L. Chung et al., Abstr., GEOSEA 98, Malaysia, 1998, pp. 17-19). The Indosinian characteristics are represented by mantle-crust interaction in magma generation, controlled by their emplacement localities in relation to the Kontum Uplift. The spatial and temporal evolution of Permo-Triassic magmatism allows reconstructing the geodynamic history of the Indosinian orogeny. It confirms that this event ended in Early to Middle Triassic (246-240 Ma, after C. Lepvrier et al., Tectonophysics 393 (2004) 87-118).

Hoa, Tran Trong; Anh, Tran Tuan; Phuong, Ngo Thi; Dung, Pham Thi; Anh, Tran Viet; Izokh, Andrey E.; Borisenko, Alexander S.; Lan, C. Y.; Chung, S. L.; Lo, C. H.



Mothers, fathers, sons and daughters: Parental sensitivity in families with two children.  


Most studies on early childhood parenting include only mothers. Fathers are rarely observed in interaction with their young children, although they play an important role in the socialization of their children. In this study, we observed parenting of mothers and fathers toward their sons and daughters in families with two children, using a within-family approach in a sample with systematically varying family constellations. Participants included 389 families with two children (1 and 3 years of age). Parenting practices were coded during free play using the Emotional Availability Scales (Biringen, 2008). Findings revealed that mothers showed higher levels of sensitivity and lower levels of intrusiveness toward their children than fathers. Furthermore, mothers and fathers were more sensitive and less intrusive toward their oldest child than toward their youngest child. Fathers' higher intrusiveness toward the youngest child was only found in the case of a youngest boy. Child gender was not related to parenting in any of the other analyses. Our results suggest that parent gender is more salient than child gender in the prediction of parenting practices in early childhood. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24635666

Hallers-Haalboom, Elizabeth T; Mesman, Judi; Groeneveld, Marleen G; Endendijk, Joyce J; van Berkel, Sheila R; van der Pol, Lotte D; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J



Regulation of Son of sevenless by the membrane-actin linker protein ezrin  

PubMed Central

Receptor tyrosine kinases participate in several signaling pathways through small G proteins such as Ras (rat sarcoma). An important component in the activation of these G proteins is Son of sevenless (SOS), which catalyzes the nucleotide exchange on Ras. For optimal activity, a second Ras molecule acts as an allosteric activator by binding to a second Ras-binding site within SOS. This allosteric Ras-binding site is blocked by autoinhibitory domains of SOS. We have reported recently that Ras activation also requires the actin-binding proteins ezrin, radixin, and moesin. Here we report the mechanism by which ezrin modulates SOS activity and thereby Ras activation. Active ezrin enhances Ras/MAPK signaling and interacts with both SOS and Ras in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, in vitro kinetic assays with recombinant proteins show that ezrin also is important for the activity of SOS itself. Ezrin interacts with GDP-Ras and with the Dbl homology (DH)/pleckstrin homology (PH) domains of SOS, bringing GDP-Ras to the proximity of the allosteric site of SOS. These actions of ezrin are antagonized by the neurofibromatosis type 2 tumor-suppressor protein merlin. We propose an additional essential step in SOS/Ras control that is relevant for human cancer as well as all physiological processes involving Ras.

Geissler, Katja J.; Jung, M. Juliane; Riecken, Lars Bjorn; Sperka, Tobias; Cui, Yan; Schacke, Stephan; Merkel, Ulrike; Markwart, Robby; Rubio, Ignacio; Than, Manuel E.; Breithaupt, Constanze; Peuker, Sebastian; Seifert, Reinhard; Kaupp, Ulrich Benjamin; Herrlich, Peter; Morrison, Helen



Optimal algorithm switching for the estimation of systole period from cardiac microacceleration signals (SonR).  


Previous studies have shown that cardiac microacceleration signals, recorded either cutaneously, or embedded into the tip of an endocardial pacing lead, provide meaningful information to characterize the cardiac mechanical function. This information may be useful to personalize and optimize the cardiac resynchronization therapy, delivered by a biventricular pacemaker, for patients suffering from chronic heart failure (HF). This paper focuses on the improvement of a previously proposed method for the estimation of the systole period from a signal acquired with a cardiac microaccelerometer (SonR sensor, Sorin CRM SAS, France). We propose an optimal algorithm switching approach, to dynamically select the best configuration of the estimation method, as a function of different control variables, such as the signal-to-noise ratio or heart rate. This method was evaluated on a database containing recordings from 31 patients suffering from chronic HF and implanted with a biventricular pacemaker, for which various cardiac pacing configurations were tested. Ultrasound measurements of the systole period were used as a reference and the improved method was compared with the original estimator. A reduction of 11% on the absolute estimation error was obtained for the systole period with the proposed algorithm switching approach. PMID:22893366

Giorgis, L; Frogerais, P; Amblard, A; Donal, E; Mabo, P; Senhadji, L; Hernández, A I



Helium mobility in SON68 borosilicate nuclear glass: A nuclear reaction analysis approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 3He behavior in the non active R7T7 type borosilicate glass called SON68 has been investigated using the implantation method to introduce helium in the material. Nuclear Reaction Analysis (NRA) was performed to follow the helium concentration depth profile evolution as a function of annealing time and temperature. In addition, in situ Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) has been implemented to study the formation of helium bubbles during both implantation and annealing processes. Numerical modeling with two different approaches is proposed and discussed to investigate the helium mobility mechanisms. Our study reveals for helium incorporation by implantation at low temperature the presence of several helium populations with disparate diffusivities. The most mobile helium fraction would be attributed to atomic diffusion. The corresponding activation energy value (0.61 eV) extracted from Arrhenius graphs is in good agreement with literature data. The results also highlight that the damages associated to helium sursaturation are the source of small helium clusters formation, with a reduced mobility instead of the atomic mobility measured by the infusion technique. Small cavities that support this assumption have been observed by TEM at low temperature.

Bès, R.; Sauvage, T.; Peuget, S.; Haussy, J.; Chamssedine, F.; Oliviero, E.; Fares, T.; Vincent, L.



The Harmonic Convergence of Fathers Predicts the Mating Success of Sons in Aedes aegypti  

PubMed Central

During courtship males often communicate information about their fitness to females. The matching of harmonic components of flight tone in male-female pairs of flying mosquitoes, or harmonic convergence, was recently described. This behaviour occurs prior to mating and has been suggested to function in mate selection. We investigated the hypothesis that harmonic convergence is a component of mosquito courtship. A key prediction of this hypothesis is that harmonic convergence should provide information to potential mates about fitness benefits. We measured the effect of harmonic convergence behaviour on the direct and indirect benefits obtained by females. We found that the sons of pairs that converged at harmonic frequencies prior to mating had increased mating success and that these offspring were themselves more likely to converge prior to mating. These results suggest that males may be able to signal information about their genetic quality to females prior to mating and that this signal may be heritable. These findings are important for our understanding of mosquito behaviour and have applications in the control of mosquito-borne disease. This study also contributes to the study of male-female interactions and signal coevolution.

Cator, Lauren J.; Harrington, Laura C.



Association between having no sons and using no contraception among a nationally representative sample of young wives in Nepal  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine whether a lack of sons predicts non-use of contraception among young wives in Nepal. Methods Data were obtained from married females aged 15–24 years who participated in the Nepal 2011 Demographic and Health Survey (n=2439). Multivariate models were used to test predictions of modern contraception use with the following variables: having no sons, social inequities (wealth, education, rural residence, and caste), gender inequities (early age at marriage, spousal age, and education gaps), respondent age, parity, and geographic region. Results Most wives (79%) reported using no modern contraception. Non-use was more likely among those with no living sons (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 1.6; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.2–2.2), and those who married as a minor (AOR, 1.4; 95% CI, 1.02–1.9) and/or resided in a rural area (AOR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.3–2.5). Having no daughters was negatively associated with non-use of contraception (AOR, 0.7; 95% CI, 0.5–0 .9). Conclusion Contraception use is not common among young wives in Nepal. It is, however, more likely among wives with sons and less likely among wives with daughters, demonstrating that son preference continues to affect contraception use among the next generation of mothers in Nepal.

Raj, Anita; Vilms, Rohan J.; McDougal, Lotus; Silverman, Jay G.



Symmetry-protected topological order and negative-sign problem for SO(N) bilinear-biquadratic chains  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using a generalized Jordan-Wigner transformation combined with the defining representation of the SO(N) spin, we map the SO(N) bilinear-biquadratic (BLBQ) spin chain into the N-color bosonic particle model. We find that, when the Jordan-Wigner transformation disentangles the symmetry-protected topological entanglement, this bosonic model becomes negative-sign-free in the context of quantum Monte Carlo simulation. For the SO(3) case, moreover, the Kennedy-Tasaki transformation for the S =1 BLBQ chain, which is also a topological disentangler, derives the same bosonic model through the dimer-R bases. We present the temperature dependence of the energy, entropy, and string order parameter for the SO(N =3,4,5) BLBQ chains by a world-line Monte Carlo simulation for the N-color bosonic particle model.

Okunishi, Kouichi; Harada, Kenji



Pathways to Prevention: Improving Nonresident African American Fathers' Parenting Skills and Behaviors to Reduce Sons' Aggression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes a test of the Fathers and Sons Program for increasing intentions to avoid violence and reducing aggressive behaviors in 8-to 12-year-old African American boys by enhancing the parenting skills satisfaction and parenting behaviors of their nonresident fathers. The study included 158 intervention and 129 comparison group…

Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Antonakos, Cathy L.; Assari, Shervin; Kruger, Daniel; De Loney, E. Hill; Njai, Rashid



Return Migration, Investment in Children, and Intergenerational Mobility: Comparing Sons of Foreign- and Native-Born Fathers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper studies parental investment in education and intergenerational earnings mobility for father-son pairs with native- and foreign-born fathers. We illustrate within a simple model that for immigrants, investment in their children is related to their return migration probability. In our empirical analysis, we include a measure for return…

Dustmann, Christian



BiSON data preparation: a correction for differential extinction and the weighted averaging of contemporaneous data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Birmingham Solar Oscillations Network (BiSON) has provided high-quality high-cadence observations from as far back in time as 1978. These data must be calibrated from the raw observations into radial velocity and the quality of the calibration has a large impact on the signal-to-noise ratio of the final time series. The aim of this work is to maximize the potential science that can be performed with the BiSON data set by optimizing the calibration procedure. To achieve better levels of signal-to-noise ratio, we perform two key steps in the calibration process: we attempt a correction for terrestrial atmospheric differential extinction; and the resulting improvement in the calibration allows us to perform weighted averaging of contemporaneous data from different BiSON stations. The improvements listed produce significant improvement in the signal-to-noise ratio of the BiSON frequency-power spectrum across all frequency ranges. The reduction of noise in the power spectrum will allow future work to provide greater constraint on changes in the oscillation spectrum with solar activity. In addition, the analysis of the low-frequency region suggests that we have achieved a noise level that may allow us to improve estimates of the upper limit of g-mode amplitudes.

Davies, G. R.; Chaplin, W. J.; Elsworth, Y.; Hale, S. J.



The Quest of Father and Son: Illuminating Character Identity, Motivation, and Conflict in Cormac McCarthy's "The Road"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Road" has been an important part of the author's English IV Honors course for several years now. Undeniably bleak, it details a father and son's journey through a seared, post-apocalyptic wasteland. As they travel through the burnt remains of America, they are threatened by starvation, dehydration, and scattered, hostile humans. Although his…

Gilbert, Chris



Organizational changes and value creation in leveraged buyouts : The case of the O.M. Scott & Sons Company  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study documents the organizational changes that took place at the O.M. Scott & Sons Company in response to its leveraged buyout. Our findings confirm that both the pressure of servicing a heavy debt load and management equity ownership lead to improved performance. Equally important at Scott. however. and undocumented in large-sample studies, are debt covenants restricting how the cash

George P. Baker; Karen H. Wruck



"My Son Is Reliable": Young Drivers' Parents' Optimism and Views on the Norms of Parental Involvement in Youth Driving  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The high crash rates among teenage drivers are of great concern across nations. Parents' involvement is known to help increase their young drivers' driving safety. In particular, parents can place restrictions on their son's/daughter's driving (e.g., restrict night time driving), which can enable the young driver to gain driving experience in…

Guttman, Nurit



Self-Regulation in Early Adolescence: Relations with Mother-Son Relationship Quality and Maternal Regulatory Support and Antagonism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current investigation was to examine relations among maternal regulatory support, maternal antagonism, and mother-son relationship quality in relation to boys' self-regulation during early adolescence. As part of a larger longitudinal study on 263 low-income, ethnically diverse boys, multiple informants and methods were used to…

Moilanen, Kristin L.; Shaw, Daniel S.; Fitzpatrick, Amber



Giving Birth to Life--Again!: Bereaved Parents' Experiences with Children Born Following the Death of an Adult Son  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on a qualitative study examining the experiences of parents that lost a son during military service in Israel and consequently choose to give birth to another child. Seven couples and 3 mothers were interviewed for the study, and their interviews were analyzed using a phenomenological-hermeneutic approach. Three main themes…

Hamama-Raz, Yaira; Rosenfeld, Sarah; Buchbinder, Eli



Human Affection Exchange: VI. Further Tests of Reproductive Probability as a Predictor of Men's Affection With Their Adult Sons  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examined the communication of affection in men's relationships with their fathers. Drawing from Affection Exchange Theory, the authors advanced four predictions: (a) heterosexual men receive more affection from their own fathers than do homosexual or bisexual men, (b) fathers communicate affection to their sons more through supportive activities than through direct verbal statements or nonverbal gestures, (c) affectionate

Kory Floyd; Jack E. Sargent; Mark Di Corcia



Examination of the Film "My Father and My Son" According to the Basic Concepts of Multigenerational Family Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to evaluate the basic concepts of multigenerational Family Therapy and to evaluate the scenes of the film ''My Father and My Son'' according to these concepts. For these purposes firstly basic concepts of Multigenerational Family Therapy such as differentiation of self, triangles/triangulation, nuclear…

Acar, Tulin; Voltan-Acar, Nilufer




EPA Science Inventory

ENPACT: The Las Vegas Interagency Pilot Project The Las Vegas Interagency Pilot Project of the EMPACT program has involved eleven efforts. These efforts are described in brief on the poster presentation. They include: Las Vegas Environmental Monitoring Inventory, the Qual...


Crueldad, simulacion, absurdo y amenaza: Barbarie del drama moderno y tradicion hermetica en los esperpentos de Ramon del Valle-Inclan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this dissertation is to demonstrate that the esperpentos by the Spanish playwright Ramón del Valle-Inclán (1866–1936), represent a culminating moment of theatrical precepts of modern European drama, while perpetuating the ancient esoteric traditions of the Iberian Peninsula. Focusing on four plays—Los cuernos de Don Friolera (1920), Luces de Bohemia (1921), Las galas del difunto (1926) y La

Barbara Safille



QCD Precision Measurements and Structure Function Extraction at a High Statistics, High Energy Neutrino Scattering Experiment: NuSOnG  

SciTech Connect

We extend the physics case for a new high-energy, ultra-high statistics neutrino scattering experiment, NuSOnG (Neutrino Scattering On Glass) to address a variety of issues including precision QCD measurements, extraction of structure functions, and the derived Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs). This experiment uses a Tevatron-based neutrino beam to obtain a sample of Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS) events which is over two orders of magnitude larger than past samples. We outline an innovative method for fitting the structure functions using a parameterized energy shift which yields reduced systematic uncertainties. High statistics measurements, in combination with improved systematics, will enable NuSOnG to perform discerning tests of fundamental Standard Model parameters as we search for deviations which may hint of 'Beyond the Standard Model' physics.

Adams, T.; /Florida State U.; Batra, P.; /Columbia U.; Bugel, Leonard G.; /Columbia U.; Camilleri, Leslie Loris; /Columbia U.; Conrad, Janet Marie; /MIT; de Gouvea, A.; /Northwestern U.; Fisher, Peter H.; /MIT; Formaggio, Joseph Angelo; /MIT; Jenkins, J.; /Northwestern U.; Karagiorgi, Georgia S.; /MIT; Kobilarcik, T.R.; /Fermilab /Texas U.



Mothers' Academic Gender Stereotypes and Education-Related Beliefs About Sons and Daughters in African American Families  

PubMed Central

The role of African American mothers’ academic gender stereotype endorsement in shaping achievement-related expectations for and perceptions of their own children was examined. Mothers (N = 334) of 7th and 8th graders completed measures of expectations for their children’s future educational attainment, perceptions of their children’s academic competence, and academic gender stereotypes. Consistent with hypotheses, mothers held less favorable expectations for sons and perceived sons to be less academically competent than daughters. In addition, mothers reported stereotypes favoring girls over boys in academic domains; stereotype endorsement, in turn, was related to mothers’ educational expectations for and beliefs about the academic competence of their own children, even with youths’ actual achievement controlled. Negative stereotypes about the academic abilities of African American boys may create a negative feedback loop, thereby contributing to the maintenance of the gender gap in African Americans’ educational outcomes.

Wood, Dana; Kurtz-Costes, Beth; Okeke-Adeyanju, Ndidi; Rowley, Stephanie J.



Interventional Use of the Parent–Child Interaction Assessment–II Enactments: Modifying an Abused Mother's Attributions to Her Son  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the assessment and treatment of a mother who was a victim of domestic violence and of her 10-year-old son, both of whom were living in a domestic violence shelter. The Parent–Child Interaction Assessment–II Modifying Attributions of Parents intervention (PCIA–II\\/MAP; Bohr, 2005; Bohr et al., 2008; Bohr & Holigrocki, 2005) is a structured brief treatment using video recordings from

Richard Holigrocki; Robbi Crain; Yvonne Bohr; Kelly Young; Heather Bensman



Gender and Career Development Projects in Early Adolescence: Similarities and Differences between Mother-Daughter and Mother-Son Dyads  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way that mother-son and mother-daughter dyads engage in career projects was explored using the action-project differentiation procedure, a variant of the action-project method. The goal-directed actions, joint projects, and interactions of ten early adolescent boys and their mothers were examined in relation to the actions, projects, and interactions of ten early adolescent girls and their mothers. Many more similarities

José F. Domene; Rübab G. Arim; Richard A. Young



Books - life or art? University of Paisley Library\\/John Smith & Son Bookshops Ltd: Scottish Schools Essay Competition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents the three winning entries from the 1998 Scottish Schools Essay Competition, organized by the University of Paisley Library and sponsored by John Smith & Son Bookshops Ltd. Victoria Catterson’s first prize winning entry discusses Jeanette Winterson’s Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit which explores the major themes of the novel: self-identity, love and betrayal. Angela Robb discusses the theme

Victoria Catterson; Angela Robb; Catriona Semple



Water diffusion in the simulated French nuclear waste glass SON 68 contacting silica rich solutions: Experimental and modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

To understand the role of water diffusion on the long-term nuclear waste glass alteration, dynamic experiments were conducted with the borosilicate SON 68 glass in synthetic solutions enriched in Si, Na and B at 50 and 90°C. The water entering the glass exists to 80% in the form of molecular H2O and to 20% in the form of SiOH. The

K. Ferrand; A. Abdelouas; B. Grambow



Mothers, fathers, sons, and daughters: gender differences in factors associated with parent-child communication about sexual topics  

PubMed Central

Background In the United States, nearly half of high school students are sexually active, and adolescents experience high rates of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Parents can have an important influence on their children's sexual behaviour, but many parents do not talk with their children about sexual topics. Research has shown significant differences in parent-child communication about sexual topics depending on the gender of both the parent and the child. Little is known, however, about the reasons for these gender differences. The purpose of this paper is to describe how factors associated with parent-child communication about sexual topics differ by gender. Methods Data are from a nationwide online survey with 829 fathers and 1,113 mothers of children aged 10 to 14. For each of the four gender groups (fathers of sons, fathers of daughters, mothers of sons, mothers of daughters), we calculated the distribution of responses to questions assessing (1) parent-child communication about sex-related topics, and (2) factors associated with that communication. We used chi-square tests to determine whether the distributions differed and the false discovery rate control to reduce the likelihood of type I errors. Results With both sons and daughters, fathers communicated less about sexual topics than mothers did. Fathers also had lower levels of many characteristics that facilitate communication about sex (e.g., lower self-efficacy and lower expectations that talking to their children about sex would have positive outcomes). Compared with parents of sons, parents of daughters (both mothers and fathers) talked more about sexual topics, were more concerned about potential harmful consequences of sexual activity, and were more disapproving of their child having sex at an early age. Conclusions Using a large national sample, this study confirms findings from previous studies showing gender differences in parent-child communication about sexual topics and identifies gender differences in factors that may influence parent-child communication about sexual topics. Interventions designed to support parent-child communication about sexual topics should emphasize to both mothers and fathers the importance of talking to sons as well as daughters. Fathers need particular support to overcome the barriers to communication they encounter.



El fenotipo de las mucinas en el es?fago de Barrett  

PubMed Central

Antecedentes El esófago de Barrett es una reconocida lesión precursora de adenocarcinoma esofágico. Aunque generalmente asociada al reflujo gastroesofágico, los mecanismos patogénicos de la enfermedad no son bien conocidos. El objetivo del presente estudio es explorar la historia natural e identificar marcadores de progreso del proceso precanceroso. Material y métodos Se utilizaron cortes histológicos de 67 especímenes de esófago correspondientes a 14 pacientes con esófago de Barrett, a los que se siguió entre 1 – 9 años. Se clasificaron las lesiones en: esófago de Barrett sin displasia, indefinido para displasia o con displasia. Se evaluó la expresión de diferentes mucinas en las células caliciformes y en las columnares usando técnicas de histoquímica e inmunohistoquímica. Resultados En todos los casos se comprobó la presencia de metaplasia intestinal incompleta. Las células columnares dentro del epitelio metaplásico contenían mucinas neutras. A mayor severidad de la lesión se encontró significativamente menor expresión de sialomucinas en las células columnares (p de tendencia igual a 0,03). En sujetos con lesiones indefinidas para displasia se observó un mayor contenido de sulfomucinas en las células caliciformes (p=0,034) y de MUC2 en las células columnares (p=0,029) que en sujetos con esófago de Barrett sin displasia. Se observó expresión de la mucina intestinal MUC2 y de la mucina gástrica MUC5AC en todas las muestras. MUC6, una mucina de las glándulas profundas gástricas, se presentó ocasionalmente. Conclusión La evaluación de los perfiles de mucinas en el esófago de Barrett sugiere una transición gradual del fenotipo del epitelio metaplásico a medida que la lesión avanza en el tiempo.

Torrado, Julio; Piazuelo, Maria Blanca; Ruiz, Irune; Izarzugaza, Maria Isabel; Camargo, Maria Constanza; Delgado, Alberto; Abdirad, Afshin; Correa, Pelayo



Gobierno corporativo y factores determinantes del cambio de auditoria en las empresas no financieras espa¤olas  

Microsoft Academic Search

En el presente trabajo analizamos el efecto de dos mecanismos de gobierno corporativo como son el consejo de administraci¢n y la comisi¢n de auditor¡a en la decisi¢n de cambio de auditor. Partiendo de una muestra que incluye todas las empresas no financieras cotizadas en el mercado continuo espa¤ol, hemos analizado los 46 cambios de auditor que se han producido entre



SON protein regulates GATA-2 through transcriptional control of the microRNA 23a~27a~24-2 cluster.  


SON is a DNA- and RNA-binding protein localized in nuclear speckles. Although its function in RNA splicing for effective cell cycle progression and genome stability was recently unveiled, other mechanisms of SON functions remain unexplored. Here, we report that SON regulates GATA-2, a key transcription factor involved in hematopoietic stem cell maintenance and differentiation. SON is highly expressed in undifferentiated hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells and leukemic blasts. SON knockdown leads to significant depletion of GATA-2 protein with marginal down-regulation of GATA-2 mRNA. We show that miR-27a is up-regulated upon SON knockdown and targets the 3'-UTR of GATA-2 mRNA in hematopoietic cells. Up-regulation of miR-27a was due to activation of the promoter of the miR-23a?27a?24-2 cluster, suggesting that SON suppresses this promoter to lower the microRNAs from this cluster. Our data revealed a previously unidentified role of SON in microRNA production via regulating the transcription process, thereby modulating GATA-2 at the protein level during hematopoietic differentiation. PMID:23322776

Ahn, Erin Eun-Young; Higashi, Tsunehito; Yan, Ming; Matsuura, Shinobu; Hickey, Christopher J; Lo, Miao-Chia; Shia, Wei-Jong; DeKelver, Russell C; Zhang, Dong-Er



Persistence of maternal effects in baboons: mother's dominance rank at son's conception predicts stress hormone levels in subadult males  

PubMed Central

Dominance status and reproductive experience are maternal characteristics that affect offspring traits in diverse taxa, including some cercopithecine primates. Maternal effects of this sort are widespread and are sources of variability in offspring fitness. We tested the hypothesis that maternal dominance rank and reproductive experience as well as a male’s own age and dominance rank predicted chronic fecal glucocorticoid (fGC) concentrations in 17 subadult wild male baboons, Papio cynocephalus (median age 6.5 years), in the Amboseli basin, Kenya. Among these variables, maternal dominance rank at a subadult male’s conception was the sole significant predictor of the male’s fGC and accounted for 42% of fGC variance; sons of lower ranking mothers had higher fGC than did those of high ranking mothers. This result is striking because subadult male baboons are approximately 4–6 years past the period of infant dependence on their mothers, and are larger than and dominant to all adult females. In addition, many males of this age have survived their mothers’ death. Consequently, the influence of maternal dominance rank persisted well beyond the stage at which direct maternal influence on sons is likely. Persistence of these major maternal influences from the perinatal period may signal organizational effects of mothers on sons’ HPA axis. Although short-term, acute, elevations in GC are part of adaptive responses to challenges such as predators and other emergencies, chronically elevated GC are often associated with stress-related pathologies and, thereby, adverse effects on fitness components.

Onyango, Patrick Ogola; Gesquiere, Laurence R.; Wango, Emmanuel O.; Alberts, Susan C.; Altmann, Jeanne



Distinct synaptic mechanisms create parallel S-ON and S-OFF color opponent pathways in the primate retina.  


Anatomical and physiological approaches are beginning to reveal the synaptic origins of parallel ON- and OFF-pathway retinal circuits for the transmission of short (S-) wavelength sensitive cone signals in the primate retina. Anatomical data suggest that synaptic output from S-cones is largely segregated; central elements of synaptic triads arise almost exclusively from the "blue-cone" bipolar cell, a presumed ON bipolar, whereas triad-associated contacts derive primarily from the "flat" midget bipolar cell, a hyperpolarizing, OFF bipolar. Similarly, horizontal cell connectivity is also segregated, with only the H2 cell-type receiving numerous contacts from S-cones. Negative feedback from long (L-) and middle (M-) wavelength sensitive cones via the H2 horizontal cells elicits an antagonistic surround in S-cones demonstrating that S versus L + M or "blue-yellow" opponency is first established in the S-cone. However, the S-cone output utilizes distinct synaptic mechanisms to create color opponency at the ganglion cell level. The blue-cone bipolar cell is presynaptic to the small bistratified, "blue-ON" ganglion cell. S versus L + M cone opponency arises postsynaptically by converging S-ON and LM-OFF excitatory bipolar inputs to the ganglion cell's bistratified dendritic tree. The common L + M cone surrounds of the parallel S-ON and LM-OFF cone bipolar inputs appear to cancel resulting in "blue-yellow" antagonism without center-surround spatial opponency. By contrast, in midget ganglion cells, opponency arises by the differential weighting of cone inputs to the receptive field center versus surround. In the macula, the "private-line" connection from a midget ganglion cell to a single cone predicts that S versus L + M opponency is transmitted from the S-cone to the S-OFF midget bipolar and ganglion cell. Beyond the macula, OFF-midget ganglion cell dendritic trees enlarge and collect additional input from multiple L and M cones. Thus S-OFF opponency via the midget pathway would be expected to become more complex in the near retinal periphery as L and/or M and S cone inputs sum to the receptive field center. An important goal for further investigation will be to explore the hypothesis that distinct bistratified S-ON versus midget S-OFF retinal circuits are the substrates for human psychophysical detection mechanisms attributed to S-ON versus S-OFF perceptual channels. PMID:23895762

Dacey, Dennis M; Crook, Joanna D; Packer, Orin S



A novel mutation in pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a in a Chinese woman and her son with hypocalcaemia.  


Pseudohypoparathyroidism is a rare genetic disorder characterised by end-organ resistance to parathyroid hormone due to a defect of the guanine nucleotide-binding protein alpha that simulates activity of the polypeptide 1 (GNAS) gene. Patients with type 1a pseudohypoparathyroidism display different features of Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy as well as multi-hormone resistance. We describe a Chinese woman and her son, who presented with different symptoms of pseudohypoparathyroidism and clinically manifested different degree of Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy. Genetic study detected a mutation [NM_000516.4(GNAS):c682C>T (p.Arg228Cys)] in the GNAS gene. PMID:24914079

Tam, Vicki H K; Chen, Sammy P L; Mak, Chole M; Fung, L M; Lee, C Y; Chan, Albert Y W



Acceptability of the human papillomavirus vaccine and reasons for non-vaccination among parents of adolescent sons.  


Routine administration of the quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has been recommended for 11-12-year-old males since 2011, but coverage remains low. In a U.S. national sample of parents of 11-17-year-old males (n=779), 78.6% of parents reported their sons had not received the HPV vaccine. The most common reason for non-vaccination (56.7%) was "My doctor or healthcare provider has not recommended it." Parents citing only logistical reasons for non-vaccination (e.g., lack of recommendation, access, or education, n=384) reported significantly higher vaccine acceptability than parents reporting a combination of attitudinal (e.g., concerns about vaccine safety or efficacy) and logistical barriers (n=92), while parents citing only attitudinal barriers (n=73) reported the lowest level of vaccine acceptability. In sum, many parents are willing but have not vaccinated sons due to logistical barriers, most commonly lack of healthcare provider recommendation. These findings have important implications for increasing HPV vaccination coverage among adolescent males. PMID:24844150

Donahue, Kelly L; Stupiansky, Nathan W; Alexander, Andreia B; Zimet, Gregory D



Self-Regulation in Early Adolescence: Relations with Mother-Son Relationship Quality and Maternal Regulatory Support and Antagonism  

PubMed Central

The purpose of the current investigation was to examine relations among maternal regulatory support, maternal antagonism, and mother–son relationship quality in relation to boys’ self-regulation during early adolescence. As part of a larger longitudinal study on 263 low-income, ethnically diverse boys, multiple informants and methods were used to examine associations among parenting practices and mother–son relationship quality in relation to boys’ self-regulation at ages 10 and 11. Multivariate analyses indicated that high levels of regulatory supportive parenting and relationship quality and low levels of antagonistic parenting independently predicted high levels of boys’ self-regulation at age 10. Only antagonistic parenting and relationship quality explained variance in levels of boys’ self-regulation at age 11 after accounting for prior self-regulation. The findings suggest that parenting and the context of the parent–child relationship are linked to self-regulation during early adolescence; however, it appears that parental antagonism and relationship quality, not maternal regulatory supportive parenting, contribute to rank-order change in self-regulation abilities. Implications of these results for research and practice are discussed.

Shaw, Daniel S.; Fitzpatrick, Amber



Probing the solar cycle: a comparative and complementary analysis of GONG BiSON and VIRGO/LOI eigenfrequency shifts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We use high-quality helioseismic data collected by GONG (over 4 <= l <= 140), BiSON (0 <= l <= 2) and VIRGO/LOI (0 <= l <= 8) to study the phenomenological nature of the cycle-induced (centroid) eigenfrequency variations. We have analyzed the frequency dependence of the shifts by fitting a power-law of the form ??nl ~ (?nl)?/Enl to the data (where the Enl are the mode inertias, and ? is the power-law index to be extracted). Previous studies have suggested that a relation with ? = 0 provides an adequate description of the shifts up to ? ? 3500 ?Hz. However, here we show that while nevertheless describing the shifts well up to ~2500 ?Hz, the linear scaling breaks down conspicuously at higher frequencies. Above this threshold, the shifts follow a power-law dependence with ? ~ 2. We also ahow that GONG shifts, averaged over different ranges in l together with the BiSON and LOI data averaged over their full quoted ranges, all scale at fixed frequency with the normalized mode inertia ratio Qnl (Christensen-Dalsgaard & Berthomieu 1991). This is to be expected if the solar-cycle perturbation affecting the modes is confined in the surface layers; the excellent agreement also reflects favourably on the external consistency of the different observations.

Chaplin, W. J.; Elsworth, Y.; Isaak, G. R.; New, R.; Appourchaux, T.



Application of the GRAAL model to leaching experiments with SON68 nuclear glass in initially pure water  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on a review of the current state of knowledge concerning the aqueous alteration of SON68 nuclear glass we have proposed a mechanistic model, GRAAL (Glass Reactivity with Allowance for the Alteration Layer) [P. Frugier, S. Gin, Y. Minet, T. Chave, B. Bonin, N. Godon, J.E. Lartigue, P. Jollivet, A. Ayral, L. De Windt, G. Santarini, J. Nucl. Mater. 380 (2008) 8]. This article describes how the GRAAL model hypotheses are solved using a calculation code coupling chemistry and transport. The geochemical solution of this model combines three major phenomena: chemical equilibria in solution, water and ion transport by convection or diffusion, and element diffusion through the passivating reactive interphase. The model results are compared with experimental data for SON68 glass leached in initially pure water both in a closed system and in renewed media. The comparison shows the model very satisfactorily accounts for variations in the pH and the element concentrations in solution as a function of time, the glass surface area in contact with solution, and the solution renewal rate. This success is due to the fact that the diffusion of elements through the alteration gel is taken into account in the model. This mechanism cannot be disregarded under most experimental conditions — if only to predict the solution pH — and must therefore be an integral part of the geochemical model.

Frugier, P.; Chave, T.; Gin, S.; Lartigue, J.-E.



A novel mutation (C1425Y) in the FBN2 gene in a father and son with congenital contractural arachnodactyly.  


Congenital contractural arachnodactyly (Beals syndrome) is a rare autosomal dominantly inherited connective tissue disorder characterized by flexion contractures, arachnodactyly, crumpled ears, and mild muscular hypoplasia. Here, a father and son with congenital contractural arachnodactyly features were identified. After sequencing 15 exons (22 to 36) of the FBN2 gene, a novel mutation (C1425Y) was found in exon 33. This de novo mutation presented first in the father and was transmitted to his son, but not in the other 14 unaffected family members and 365 normal people. The C1425Y mutation occurs at the 19th cbEGF domain. Cysteines in this cbEGF domain are rather conserved in species, from human down to ascidian. The cbEGF12-13 in human FBN1 was employed as the template to perform homology modeling of cbEGF18-19 of human FBN2 protein. The mutation has also been evaluated by further prediction tools, for example, SIFT, Blosum62, biochemical Yu's matrice, and UMD-Predictor tool. In all analysis, the mutation is predicted to be pathogenic. Thus, the structure destabilization by C1425Y might be the cause of the disorder. PMID:19473076

Chen, Ying; Lei, Yun-Ping; Zheng, Hong-Xiang; Wang, Wei; Cheng, Hong-Bo; Zhang, Jing; Wang, Hong-Yan; Jin, Li; Li, Hong



In poor families, mothers' milk is richer for daughters than sons: a test of Trivers-Willard hypothesis in agropastoral settlements in Northern Kenya.  


The Trivers-Willard hypothesis predicts the unequal parental investment between daughters and sons, depending on maternal condition and offspring reproductive potential. Specifically, in polygynous populations where males have higher reproductive variance than females, it predicts that mothers in good condition will invest more in sons, whereas mothers in poor condition will invest more in daughters. Previous studies testing this hypothesis focused on behavioral investment, whereas few examined biological investment. This study investigates the Trivers-Willard hypothesis on both behavioral and biological parental investment by examining breastfeeding frequencies and breast milk fat concentrations. Data from exclusively breastfeeding mothers in Northern Kenya were used to test hypotheses: Economically sufficient mothers will breastfeed sons more frequently than daughters, whereas poor mothers will breastfeed daughters more frequently than sons, and economically sufficient mothers will produce breast milk with higher fat concentration for sons than daughters, whereas poor mothers will produce breast milk with higher fat concentration for daughters than sons. Linear regression models were applied, using breastfeeding frequency or log-transformed milk fat as the dependent variable, and offspring's sex (son = 1/daughter = 0), socioeconomic status (higher = 1/lower = 0), and the sex-wealth interaction as the predictors, controlling for covariates. Our results only supported the milk fat hypothesis: infant's sex and socioeconomic status interacted (P = 0.014, n = 72) in their relation with milk fat concentration. The model estimated that economically sufficient mothers produced richer milk for sons than daughters (2.8 vs. 1.74 gm/dl) [corrected] while poor mothers produced richer milk for daughters than sons (2.6 vs. 2.3 gm/dl). Further research on milk constituents in relation to offspring's sex is warranted. PMID:22623326

Fujita, Masako; Roth, Eric; Lo, Yun-Jia; Hurst, Carolyn; Vollner, Jennifer; Kendell, Ashley



Reaction of AgN3 with SOCl2: evidence for the formation of thionyl azide, SO(N3)2.  


Pure thionyl azide SO(N(3))(2), which is the only gaseous reaction product, has been generated in a vacuum by the heterogeneous reaction of SOCl(2) vapor with AgN(3) at room temperature at a SOCl(2) vapor pressure of 1 x 10(-3) Torr. Evidence for the formation of SO(N(3))(2) is given by on line photoelectron spectroscopy (PES) combined with outer valence Green's function (OVGF) calculations with the 6-311++G(2df) basis set. The good agreement between the PES experiment and the OVGF calculation shows that SO(N(3))(2) has C(1) symmetry. The first ionization energy of SO(N(3))(2) is 10.18 eV. PMID:15285648

Zeng, Xiaoqing; Liu, Fengyi; Sun, Qiao; Ge, Maofa; Zhang, Jianping; Ai, Xicheng; Meng, Lingpeng; Zheng, Shijun; Wang, Dianxun



Latina Mothers Caring for a Son or Daughter with Autism or Schizophrenia: Similarities, Differences and the Relationship Between Co-Residency and Maternal Well-Being  

PubMed Central

In this cross-sectional study, we examined similarities and differences in depressive symptoms and psychological well-being between Latina maternal caregivers of persons with autism (N=29) and schizophrenia (N=33). We also explored predictors of maternal outcomes and the relationship of co-residence to them. Regression analysis found that mothers of adults with schizophrenia had lower levels of psychological well-being than mothers of youth or adults with autism. For the overall sample of mothers, co-residing with their son or daughter was significantly related to lower levels of depressive symptoms. Qualitative analysis of the nine mothers who lived apart from their son or daughter revealed that extreme behavior problems of the son or daughter and poor maternal health contributed to living apart. Despite overcoming these challenges, mothers expressed a profound sense of sadness about their son or daughters’ living arrangements.

Magana, Sandy; Ghosh, Subharati



[A familial form of ventricular non compaction in a mother and two of his sons in St. Louis, Senegal].  


We report a familial form of ventricular non compaction in a mother and two of her sons. It was a young man of 25 years who presented with NYHA stage III dyspnea and a cough with bloody sputum. The clinical examination found left ventricular failure. The echocardiogram done showed left ventricular dilatation with large trabeculae separated by deep intertrabecular recesses in both ventricles suggestive of a non-biventricular compaction. It was possible to note from the family screening by echocardiography of the mother and half-brother a left ventricular non compaction while they were asymptomatic. Thus we concluded a familial form of ventricular non-compaction. This is the first familial case described in Senegal. PMID:22222066

Pessinaba, S; Mbaye, A; Yabéta, G A D; Ndiaye, M B; Kane, Ad; Harouna, H; Bodian, M; Mathieu, S J B; Diack, B; Diao, M; Kane, A



The Sun-as-a-star observations: GOLF & VIRGO on SoHO, and BiSON network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sun-as-a-star observations are very important for the study of the conditions within the Sun and in particular for the deep interior where higher degree modes do not penetrate. They are also of significance in this era of dramatic advances in stellar asteroseismology as they are comparable to those measured in other stars by asteroseismic missions such as CoRoT, Kepler, and MOST. More than 17 years of continuous measurements of SoHO and more than 30 years of BiSON observations provide very long data sets of uninterrupted helioseismic observations. In this work, we discuss the present status of all these facilities that continue to provide state-of-the-art measurements and invaluable data to improve our knowledge of the deepest layers of the Sun and its structural changes during the activity cycle.

García, R. A.; Davies, G. R.; Jiménez, A.; Ballot, J.; Mathur, S.; Salabert, D.; Chaplin, W. J.; Elsworth, Y.; Régulo, C.; Turck-Chièze, S.



Subhorizontal Layering in the Lower Crust and its Tectonic Significance in the Narmada-Son-Region, India  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Comparison of deep seismic sounding (DSS) results of different profiles across the Narmada-Son Lineament (NSL), India indicates the anomalous nature of the crust along the Ujjain-Ma han profile. Forward travel time and synthetic seismogram modeling, using normalized record sections of refraction and wide angle reflection data acquired along the Ujjain-Mahan deep seismic sounding profile across NSL, brings into focus the presence of high velocity (7.0-7.3km/s) subhorizontal layers from a depth of 8-12km down to Moho. The tectonic implication of such reflections (layering in the crust) is discussed. The two fault zones, reported by earlier workers, flanking the rift might have acted as feeders for the mantle material to intrude into the middle and lower crustal columns.

Reddy, P. R.; Mall, D. M.; Prasad, A. S. S. S. R. S.


Antecedents and Outcomes of Joint Trajectories of Mother-Son Conflict and Warmth during Middle Childhood and Adolescence  

PubMed Central

This study investigated the development of mother-son relationship quality from ages 5 to 15 in a sample of 265 low-income families. Non-parametric random effects modeling was utilized to uncover distinct and homogeneous developmental trajectories of conflict and warmth; antecedents and outcomes of the trajectory groups also were examined. Four conflict trajectory groups and three warmth trajectory groups were identified. Difficult temperament in early childhood discriminated both conflict and warmth trajectory group membership (TGM), and adult relationship quality in early childhood was related to warmth trajectories. In addition, conflict TGM differentiated youth antisocial behavior during adolescence, and warmth trajectories predicted adolescent peer relationship quality and youth moral disengagement. Implications for socialization processes are discussed.

Trentacosta, Christopher J.; Criss, Michael M.; Shaw, Daniel S.; Lacourse, Eric; Hyde, Luke W.; Dishion, Thomas J.



Sweet Sorrow's Son.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an award-winning essay about a teacher's relationship with a troubled student placed in his alternative classroom. Shows how the two worked together on science, math, and "Romeo and Juliet." (TB)

Brothers, Deborah



SON68 nuclear glass dissolution kinetics: Current state of knowledge and basis of the new GRAAL model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article summarizes the present state of knowledge concerning aqueous alteration of R7T7-type nuclear containment glasses, represented mainly by the inactive reference glass designated SON68. Based on this review, we propose to describe the glass alteration kinetics up to and including the final residual rate regime by means of a new mechanistic model known as GRAAL ( glassreactivitywithallowanceforthealterationlayer). Phenomenological analysis findings are reviewed for the various glass alteration regimes: interdiffusion, initial rate, rate drop, residual rate and, under very particular circumstances, resumption of alteration. These alteration regimes are associated with predominant mechanisms. Published work interpreting and modeling these mechanisms was examined in detail. There is a broad consensus on the general mechanisms of the initial rate and even the interdiffusion regime, whereas the mechanisms controlling the rate drop remain a subject of dispute not only with regard to nuclear glasses but also for the dissolution of silicate minerals. The reaction affinity responsible for the rate drop is expressed differently by different authors and depending on the underlying theories. The disagreement concerns the nature of the phase (glass or gel) or the activated complex controlling the rate drop, which in turn determines the elements that must be taken into account in the overall affinity term. Progress in recent years, especially in identifying the mechanisms responsible for the residual rate, has shed new light on these issues, allowing us to propose new theoretical foundations for modeling the different kinetic regimes of SON68 nuclear glass dissolution. The GRAAL model considers that water diffusion in the passivating reaction zone (the gel formed under saturation conditions) is a rate-limiting step in the overall glass dissolution kinetics. Moreover, this passivation zone is a soluble phase whose stability is directly dependent on the nature of the secondary phases likely to precipitate and on the solution renewal conditions.

Frugier, P.; Gin, S.; Minet, Y.; Chave, T.; Bonin, B.; Godon, N.; Lartigue, J.-E.; Jollivet, P.; Ayral, A.; De Windt, L.; Santarini, G.



Las Vegas: An Unconventional History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As part of the PBS series American Experience, this well-designed siteexplores the history and idiosyncrasies of Las Vegas. The film, andaccompanying book, which the web site is based on will both be availablethis fall (the film airs in November on PBS), and the site certainlywhets viewers appetites for both. A nice range of information iscovered on the site which includes everything from information aboutNevada's nuclear testing in the fifties, to Rat Pack reminiscences and ofcourse, wedding photos. If you'd like to share your own Vegas weddingtale there is an interactive portion of the site dedicated to the topic.Packed with time lines, a teacher's guide, maps and much more this site(and film and book by the same name) are worthy of attention.



Regional vegetation patterns at lake Son Kul reveal Holocene climatic variability in central Tien Shan (Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A multiproxy study was conducted on Holocene sediments from the alpine lake Son Kul (3010 m a.s.l, 41°48?33N/75°07?38E) in central Tien Shan (Kyrgyzstan). The combination of high-resolution pollen, palynofacies and magnetic susceptibility data allowed reconstruction of changes in sedimentary and vegetation dynamics regionally at Son Kul between 8350 and ca 2000 cal. BP. Using pollen data to quantify climatic parameters, a quantitative reconstruction of climatic conditions was performed using the "Modern Analogue Vegetation types" (MAV) method and a ranged index of seasonality. The most temperate (e.g. moister) climate conditions occurred between 8350 and 5000–4500 cal. BP when alpine meadow vegetation was enriched in plants requiring moister conditions and trees developed regionally. Conversely, more continental and arid conditions prevailed after 4500 cal. BP with the decline of arboreal vegetation (especially Juniperus) and the extension of an alpine steppe-meadow along with a regional decrease in Poaceae. This climate transition was associated with a change in seasonality as the continentality greatly intensified after 5000–4500 cal. BP. Our results are consistent with other records from the Tien Shan range and the Chinese Province Xinjiang showing that relatively wet conditions prevailed regionally before 5000 cal. BP, whereas reduced moisture conditions were established after that time. From a more global perspective, we highlight that regional rainfall in central Tien Shan and western Central Asia is likely to be predominantly controlled by the Eastern Mediterranean cyclonic system and North Atlantic climate, as based on the close correspondence between climatic archives from western Central Asia, the Levant, the Eastern Mediterranean and Caspian Sea regions. However, the effect of monsoonal dynamics on the regional climatic system in central Tien Shan still remains dubious, since recent modelling studies have shown that no dynamic link exists between humidity in Central Asia and the Indian Summer Monsoon. This study pinpoints the need to explore the effect of remote Eurasian atmospheric circulation patterns on past climate variability in Central Asia.

Mathis, Marie; Sorrel, Philippe; Klotz, Stefan; Huang, Xiangtong; Oberhänsli, Hedi



How parasitoid females produce sexy sons: a causal link between oviposition preference, dietary lipids and mate choice in Nasonia  

PubMed Central

Sexual selection theory predicts that phenotypic traits used to choose a mate should reflect honestly the quality of the sender and thus, are often costly. Physiological costs arise if a signal depends on limited nutritional resources. Hence, the nutritional condition of an organism should determine both its quality as a potential mate and its ability to advertise this quality to the choosing sex. In insects, the quality of the offspring's nutrition is often determined by the ovipositing female. A causal connection, however, between the oviposition decisions of the mother and the mating chances of her offspring has never been shown. Here, we demonstrate that females of the parasitic wasp Nasonia vitripennis prefer those hosts for oviposition that have been experimentally enriched in linoleic acid (LA). We show by 13C-labelling that LA from the host diet is a precursor of the male sex pheromone. Consequently, males from LA-rich hosts produce and release higher amounts of the pheromone and attract more virgin females than males from LA-poor hosts. Finally, males from LA-rich hosts possess three times as many spermatozoa as those from LA-poor hosts. Hence, females making the right oviposition decisions may increase both the fertility and the sexual attractiveness of their sons.

Blaul, Birgit; Ruther, Joachim



Cognitive ability correlates positively with son birth and predicts cross-cultural variation of the offspring sex ratio  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Human populations show remarkable variation in the sex ratio at birth which is believed to be related to the parental condition. In the present study, the global variation of sex ratio at birth (SRB, proportion of male offspring born) was analyzed with respect to indirect measure of condition, the intelligence quotient (IQ). IQ correlates strongly with lifespan across nations, which makes it a good indicator of health of the large populations. Relation between three standard measures of average national IQ and SRB was studied using multiple linear regression models. Average national IQ was positively correlated with SRB ( r = 0.54 to 0.57, p < 0.001). Further, IQ emerged as a powerful predictor of SRB after controlling for the effects of all the known covariates like fertility, maternal age, polygyny prevalence, wealth, son preference, latitude, low birth weight, and neonatal mortality in the regression models. These results suggest that the striking variation of offspring sex ratio across nations could be caused in part by the difference in general condition of populations.

Dama, Madhukar Shivajirao



Abundancias químicas de las estrellas CP del grupo HgMn ? Leporis y 53 Tauri. II. Boro, Berilio, Carbono, Magnesio, Aluminio y Silicio  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Se determinan las abundancias químicas de los elementos más livianos presentes en dos estrellas CP del grupo HgMn, ? Lep y 53 Tau, utilizando espectros IUE de alta resolución y técnicas de cálculo de espectros sintéticos. Para el cálculo de las líneas se utiliza la lista mas completa de datos atómicos disponible y el programa SYNTHE. Para el cálculo de la abundancia de un elemento se comparan, para cada imagen, los perfiles observados del mayor número de líneas presentes con los perfiles calculados obtenidos por variación de las abundancias iniciales, reteniendo la abundancia para la cual el acuerdo entre las líneas observadas y calculadas es considerado visualmente el mejor. Los resultados obtenidos son comparados con los estimados por la teoría de la difusión.

López García, Z.; Malaroda, S. M.; Faraggiana, R.


El modelo DRAG–España (IDE 1): Análisis de los principales factores de influencia en el número de accidentes en las carreteras Españolas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen  En este trabajo se presentan los principales resultados obtenidos de los modelos de accidentes con heridos y accidentes mortales\\u000a ocurridos en carreteras interurbanas españolas, en el período 1990–2004, desarrollados en base a la metodología de modelos\\u000a econométricos DRAG (Demand Demande Routière, Accidents et Gravité). Las 19 variables utilizadas para el ajuste de los modelos\\u000a DRAG–España (I-DE 1), son de distinta

F. Aparicio; B. Arenas; E. Bernardos; A. Gómez



Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV: unusual congenital anomalies in a mother and son with a COL3A1 mutation and a normal collagen III protein profile.  


A mother and son with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) type IV and unusual congenital anomalies are described. The congenital anomalies include, in the mother, amniotic band-like constrictions on one hand, a unilateral clubfoot, and macrocephaly owing to normal-pressure hydrocephaly and, in the son, an esophageal atresia and hydrocephaly. Protein analysis of collagen III in cultured fibroblasts of the mother showed no abnormalities. However, DNA analysis of the COL3A1 gene revealed a pathogenic mutation (388G-->T) in both the mother and the son. The possible relationship between the observed congenital anomalies and EDS IV are discussed. We stress that DNA analysis of COL3A1 should be performed in all patients when there is a strong suspicion of EDS IV, despite negative findings in a collagen protein analysis. PMID:12694234

Kroes, H Y; Pals, G; van Essen, A J



Mutation rate estimates for 110 Y-chromosome STRs combining population and father-son pair data  

PubMed Central

Y-chromosome microsatellites (Y-STRs) are typically used for kinship analysis and forensic identification, as well as for inferences on population history and evolution. All applications would greatly benefit from reliable locus-specific mutation rates, to improve forensic probability calculations and interpretations of diversity data. However, estimates of mutation rate from father–son transmissions are available for few loci and have large confidence intervals, because of the small number of meiosis usually observed. By contrast, population data exist for many more Y-STRs, holding unused information about their mutation rates. To incorporate single locus diversity information into Y-STR mutation rate estimation, we performed a meta-analysis using pedigree data for 80 loci and individual haplotypes for 110 loci, from 29 and 93 published studies, respectively. By means of logistic regression we found that relative genetic diversity, motif size and repeat structure explain the variance of observed rates of mutations from meiosis. This model allowed us to predict locus-specific mutation rates (mean predicted mutation rate 2.12 × 10?3, SD=1.58 × 10?3), including estimates for 30 loci lacking meiosis observations and 41 with a previous estimate of zero. These estimates are more accurate than meiosis-based estimates when a small number of meiosis is available. We argue that our methodological approach, by taking into account locus diversity, could be also adapted to estimate population or lineage-specific mutation rates. Such adjusted estimates would represent valuable information for selecting the most reliable markers for a wide range of applications.

Burgarella, Concetta; Navascues, Miguel



Intervention du parasite Aphytis cochereaui [Hym.: Aphelinidae] lors d'une pullulation de son hote Lepidosaphes beckii [Hom.: Diaspididae] en nouvelle-calédonie  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé  Au cours d'une phase de pullulation de la DiaspineLepidosaphes beckii\\u000a Newman, induite par des facteurs d'ordre climatique, l'intervention du parasite indigèneAphytis cochereaui\\u000a Rosen a pu être étudiée.\\u000a \\u000a Le parasite s'avère impuissant à contrôler son hôte lorsque les populations de celui-ci atteignent d'emblée un haut niveau\\u000a de densité (pullulation). Son intervention est par contre des plus efficaces en présence de faibles

G. Fabres; Nouvelle Cal



On the design of LAS spreading codes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A family of large area synchronised (LAS) codes is studied, which exhibits a so-called interference free window (IFW), where both the intersymbol interference (ISI) and the multiple user interference (MAI) are suppressed, provided that the relative time offset of the codes is within the IFW. Hence, LAS codes have the potential of increasing the capacity of CDMA networks. However, a

Byoung-Jo Choi; Lajos Hanzo



Race and the Father-Son Connection: The Conditional Relevance of Father Absence for the Orientations and Identities of Adolescent Boys  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates how structural circumstances condition the meaning of the father-son connection and the effects of father-absence: examining a sample of white and black adolescents, the research sought father-present/father-absent differences in personal identity and orientation toward the conventional success goals of early adulthood. (Author/JM)

Hunt, Larry L.; Hunt, Janet G.



Arabidopsis SON1 Is an F-Box Protein That Regulates a Novel Induced Defense Response Independent of Both Salicylic Acid and Systemic Acquired Resistance  

PubMed Central

One of several induced defense responses in plants is systemic acquired resistance (SAR), which is regulated by salicylic acid and in Arabidopsis by the NIM1/NPR1 protein. To identify additional components of the SAR pathway or other genes that regulate SAR-independent resistance, we performed genetic suppressor screens of mutagenized nim1-1 seedlings, which are highly susceptible to infection by Peronospora parasitica. We isolated the son1 (suppressor of nim1-1) mutant, which shows full restoration of pathogen resistance without the induction of SAR-associated genes and expresses resistance when combined with a salicylate hydroxylase (nahG) transgene. These features indicate that son1-mediated resistance is distinct from SAR. Resistance is effective against both the virulent oomycete Peronospora and the bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato strain DC3000. We cloned SON1 and found it to encode a novel protein containing an F-box motif, an element found within the specificity determinant in the E3 ubiquitin-ligase complex. We propose the existence of a novel defense response that is independent of SAR and negatively regulated in Arabidopsis by SON1 through the ubiquitin-proteosome pathway.

Kim, Han Suk; Delaney, Terrence P.



Transmission of a Y chromosomal deletion involving the deleted in azoospermia (DAZ) and chromodomain (CDY1) genes from father to son through intracytoplasmic sperm injection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transmission of a deleted in azoospermia (DAZ) dele- tion from a severely oligozoospermic patient to his son following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treat- ment is reported. The case report highlights the fertilizing capacity of spermatozoa carrying Y chromosome deletions in patients treated with ICSI and stresses the importance of genetic counselling in severe male infertility.

A. Kamischke; J. Gromoll; M. Simoni; H. M. Behre; E. Nieschlag


Arabidopsis SON1 is an F-box protein that regulates a novel induced defense response independent of both salicylic acid and systemic acquired resistance.  


One of several induced defense responses in plants is systemic acquired resistance (SAR), which is regulated by salicylic acid and in Arabidopsis by the NIM1/NPR1 protein. To identify additional components of the SAR pathway or other genes that regulate SAR-independent resistance, we performed genetic suppressor screens of mutagenized nim1-1 seedlings, which are highly susceptible to infection by Peronospora parasitica. We isolated the son1 (suppressor of nim1-1) mutant, which shows full restoration of pathogen resistance without the induction of SAR-associated genes and expresses resistance when combined with a salicylate hydroxylase (nahG) transgene. These features indicate that son1-mediated resistance is distinct from SAR. Resistance is effective against both the virulent oomycete Peronospora and the bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato strain DC3000. We cloned SON1 and found it to encode a novel protein containing an F-box motif, an element found within the specificity determinant in the E3 ubiquitin-ligase complex. We propose the existence of a novel defense response that is independent of SAR and negatively regulated in Arabidopsis by SON1 through the ubiquitin-proteosome pathway. PMID:12119368

Kim, Han Suk; Delaney, Terrence P



Effects of Ethanol Administration and Induction of Anxiety-Related Affective States on the Acoustic Startle Reflex in Sons of Alcohol-Dependent Fathers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The high rate of comorbidity between alcoholism and anxiety disorders suggests some causal link. This study used the startle reflex to investigate whether increased reactivity to stimuli inducing fear or related affective states might be one mechanism by which a family genetic risk promotes the development of alcohol use disorders. Methods: Thirty-one sons of alcoholics (PH) were recruited from

Ulrich Zimmermann; Konstanze Spring; Hans-Ulrich Wittchen; Florian Holsboer




Microsoft Academic Search

A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted to assess the performance of 122 caregivers who had directly participated in the Community Based Rebabilitation (CBR) program and taken care of disabled children. They were randomly collected from 11 communes in Binh Son district where the program has been in place for five years. The factors affecting their performance were also determined. The

Nguyen Van Oai; Pantyp Ramasoota; Boonyong Keiwkarnka


Understanding Gender Differences in Children's Risk Taking and Injury: A Comparison of Mothers' and Fathers' Reactions to Sons and Daughters Misbehaving in Ways that Lead to Injury  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared reactions of mothers and fathers to the risk taking behavior of sons and daughters. Mother-father pairs (N = 52) imagined their 2-year-old boy or girl behaving in risky ways in common home situations that could, and did, result in injury. Emotional and parenting reactions to the behaviors were assessed before and after injury.…

Morrongiello, Barbara A.; Zdzieborski, Daniel; Normand, Jackie



Integrable string models with constant torsion in terms of chiral invariants of SU(n), SO(n), SP(n) groups  

SciTech Connect

We used the invariant local chiral currents of principal chiral models for SU(n), SO(n), SP(n) groups to construct new integrable string equations of hydrodynamic type on the Riemann space of the chiral primitive invariant currents and on the chiral nonprimitive Casimir operators as Hamiltonians.

Gershun, V. D., E-mail: gershun@kipt.kharkov.u [NSC Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology, Institute of Theoretical Physics (Ukraine)



Scorpions from the Island of Côn Son (Poulo Condore), Vietnam and description of a new species of Chaerilus Simon, 1877 (Scorpiones, Chaerilidae).  


The scorpion fauna of the Island of Côn Son (Poulo Condore), Vietnam is briefly discussed and a new species, Chaerilus phami sp. n. is described. The new species is morphologically distinct from all the other species of Chaerilus described from the mainland in Vietnam. PMID:21943526

Lourenço, Wilson R



Proposal of a New Model for Dose Calculation Due to the Inhalation of Rn-222, Rn-220 and Their Sons with Brief Half-Life.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The consequences of the radiation interactions upon the human body are studied. In order to simulate by computer the radiation interaction of the atoms of radon and thoron atoms and their Sons with a brief half life inhaled with the cells, the compartimen...

C. L. P. Mauricio



Conserved gene sequences for species identification: PCR analysis of the 3? UTR of the SON gene distinguishes human and other mammalian DNAs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we show that the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) can be used on regions of highly conserved genes, such as the 3? untranslated region (3? UTR) of the SON gene, to identify the mammalian origin of a sample. Using this test, we have been able to distinguish human, monkey, cat, dog, mouse and hamster DNAs. We have also

B. Soteriou; R. A. Fisher; I. M. Khan; A. M. Kessling; L. C. Archard; L. Buluwela



A 25-year laboratory experiment on French SON68 nuclear glass leached in a granitic environment - First investigations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have investigated a 25.75-year old leaching experiment to improve our understanding of the mechanisms controlling glass dissolution in geological disposal conditions. A SON68 glass block was leached in slowly renewed synthetic groundwater (at 90 °C, 100 bar) in contact with some pieces of granite and Ni-Cr-Mo alloy as environmental storage materials. One hundred and sixty-three samplings were carried out over the entire duration of the experiment and were used to calculate the mean thickness of the altered glass (28 (±9) ?m) and the glass dissolution rate. After few months, the rate remained very constant at 6 × 10 -3 g m -2 d -1 which is about 20 times higher than the residual rate measured in a batch reactor at the same temperature. At the end of the experiment, mainly SEM analyses were performed on the entire glass block. Surprisingly, the glass alteration layer has neither a homogeneous thickness, nor a homogeneous morphology. The location of the sampling valve (at half height of the glass block) seems to divide the glass block into two parts. In the upper half (above the sampling valve), the general morphology of the alteration layer consists in a relatively simple and uniform gel and some secondary phases which are rare-earth phosphates. The mean measured thickness of this alteration layer is 6.7 (±0.3) ?m. However, in the lower half of the glass block, the gel is globally larger and frequently contains rounded shapes which are rare-earth phosphates. This section is edged by secondary phases bearing Mg, Na, Zn and Ni. The mean measured thickness is 81.3 (±1.1) ?m in the lower half. In this experiment, the flow rate which leads to the hydrodynamic transport of the soluble species must be a key factor for the local glass alteration process. We have also shown that this unexpected behavior is likely due to heterogeneities of the chemistry of the solution. This conclusion is supported by the behavior of Mg. This element, supplied by the inlet solution, precipitates with Si and forms clay minerals and therefore weakens the passivating properties of the gel. Mg-rich clay minerals are only observed in the lower half of the glass block. Further investigations are necessary to better understand the coupling between the hydrodynamics and chemistry in this experiment. However, based on this study, we can conclude that glass in disposal should be very sensitive to the water renewal near the glass surface.

Guittonneau, C.; Gin, S.; Godon, N.; Mestre, J. P.; Dugne, O.; Allegri, P.



Biological effect of Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans on some potentially toxic elements during alteration of SON 68 nuclear glass  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although underground nuclear waste repositories are not expected to be favourable places for microbial activity, one should not exclude localized action of extremophilic bacteria on some materials involved in the storage concept. Among endogenous or accidentally introduced acidophiles, some are susceptible to lead to a locally drastic decreased in pH, with potential consequences on materials corrosion. Experiments were performed with Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans on 100-125 m french reference nuclear glass SON68 grains in a mineral medium under static conditions during 60 days at 25degC. Growth medium was periodically renewed and analyzed by ICP-AES and ICP-MS spectrometry for both major, trace and ultra-trace elements. Biofilm formation was evidenced by confocal laser microscopy, staining DNA with ethidium bromide and exopolysaccharides with calcofluor white. Biofilm thickness around material grains exceeded 20 m under the chosen experimental conditions. It can be noticed that while numerous studies on biofilm formation upon interaction between Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans and materials are found in the literature, evidence for biofilm formation is still scarce for the case of the acidophilic bacterium A. thiooxidans. Presence of biofilm is a key parameter for material alteration at the solid/solution interface in biotic systems. Indeed, various constitutive elements of materials trapped in the polyanionic polymer of biofilm may also influence the alteration process. In particular, biofilm may reduce the alteration rate of materials by forming a protective barrier at their surface (Aouad et al., 2008). In this study, glass alteration rates, determined using strontium as tracer, showed that the progressive formation of a biofilm on the surface of glass has a protective effect against its alteration. Uranium and rare earth elements (REE) are efficiently trapped in the biogenic compartment of the system (exopolysaccharides + bacterial cells). Besides, the ratio biotic/abiotic concentrations of REE and U in the leachant decreases with increasing time which seems to indicate a good capacity of EPS for long term trapping of potentially toxic elements. Aouad G., Crovisier J.-L., Damidot D., Stille P., Hutchens E., Mutterer J., Meyer J.-M., and Geoffroy V. A. (2008) Interactions between municipal solid waste incinerator bottom ash and bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa). Science of The Total Environment 393((2-3)), 385-393.

Bachelet, M.; Crovisier, J. L.; Stille, P.; Vuilleumier, S.; Geoffroy, V.



Modification et caractérisation de la surface de fibres de verre pour son insertion postérieure dans des matériaux cimentaires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Optical fibres are widely used as physical and mechanical sensors in various matrices. Those commercial available fibres are mostly coated with different polymers (e.g. polyimide). The problem of using such coatings is the undefined adhesion and the stress transmission from the matrix material into the fibre as well as the alkaline attack from the cementitious environments onto the glass surface. Therefore the known silanisation process with alkylsilanes for surface modification was studied. To achieve a silane film onto the fibre surface as close as possible a fibre pre-treatment in oxygen plasma was applied. The wetting behaviour of the oxygen plasma treated fibres as well as the silanized fibres were studied using the Wilhelmy-method. The influence of the silane concentration and the time of the pre-treatment on the wetting properties was investigated. By scanning electron microscopy, changes of the surface morphology were detected. Additionally, the mechanical properties of the oxygen plasma treated fibres, and silanized fibres exposed to a highly alkaline pore solution were measured. For selected fibre samples (decoated and untreated as well as silanized fibres) the adhesion to a concrete matrix was studied using the indention test. Les fibres optiques sont de plus en plus utilisées comme capteurs des propriétés physiques et mécaniques de nombreuses matrices. Ces fibres commerciales sont généralement enrobées avec différents polymères (par exemple polyimide). Les problèmes dus à l'enrobage des fibres optiques sont une adhésion et une transmission de charge de la matrice du béton à la fibre non définies. Un autre problème majeur est l'alcalinité du béton et son influence sur la surface de la fibre. Nous avons utilisé le procédé de silanisation. Pour obtenir un film de silane le plus homogène possible sur la surface, les fibres sont pré-traitées par le plasma d?oxygène. Le mouillage de fibres traitées par le plasma d?oxygène, ainsi que celles des fibres silanisées est étudié par la méthode modifiée de Wilhelmy. L?influence de la concentration du silane et du temps du pré-traitement sur les propriétés de mouillage est également étudié. La morphologie de la surface est obtenue à l'aide du microscope électronique à balayage. De plus, les propriétés mécaniques des fibres traitées par le plasma d'oxygène et par silanisation ont été mesurées après avoir été exposées à une solution interstitielle. Nous avons également étudié l'adhésion des fibres non traitées ou modifiées à la matrice en utilisant le test de défoncement.

Bismarck, A.; Ajuriagojeaskoa, E. E.; Springer, J.; Habel, W. R.



Disruption of ERBB2IP Is not Associated with Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa in Both Father and Son Carrying a Balanced 5;13 Translocation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mutations in the type VII collagen gene (COL7A1) cause autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant inherited dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB). We report a family with three individuals who present blistering, scarring, hypo- and hyperpigmentation, and nail dystrophy suggestive for DEB. Whereas father and son carry a 5;13 translocation, the daughter shows a normal karyotype. Segregation analysis revealed that all affected family

Margarita Stefanova; Katrin Zemke; Boyan Dimitrov; Christina Has; Johannes S. Kern; Leena Bruckner-Tuderman; Kerstin Kutsche



Assortative weight gain in mother–daughter and father–son pairs: an emerging source of childhood obesity. Longitudinal study of trios (EarlyBird 43)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:To look for same-sex (gender assortative) association of body mass index (BMI) in healthy trios (mother, father and child) from a contemporary birth cohort, which might imply shared environment rather than shared genes because selective mother–daughter and father–son gene transmission is not a common Mendelian trait.Design:Prospective (longitudinal) cohort study with four annual time points, from 5 to 8 years.Subjects:226 healthy

E M Perez-Pastor; B S Metcalf; J Hosking; A N Jeffery; L D Voss; T J Wilkin



Parents' experience of living with and caring for an adult son or daughter with schizophrenia at home in Ireland: a qualitative study.  


This study explored the experience of parents living with, and caring for, an adult son or daughter with schizophrenia. There is increasing emphasis on the involvement of carers and users in the care for people with schizophrenia. 'A Vision for Change' highlights the need for a partnership approach and emphasizes that carers are an integral part in the planning and delivery of mental health services. In order to meet such requests, it was necessary to explore the meaning of caregiving for Irish families. A descriptive qualitative design was used to enable parents to describe their experiences. Semi-structured, in-depth interviews with a convenience sample of six parents in Ireland were carried out in 2007. The study encompassed four major themes: psychological tsunami, caring activities, coping with enduring illness and an uncertain pathway. Parents reported severe psychological distress when their son or daughter was diagnosed with schizophrenia. Their deep sense of loss was followed by acceptance of the situation. Feelings of love and a sense of responsibility helped to give meaning to their caring role. This study gave a voice to some parents of a son or daughter with schizophrenia. A family-centred approach should be at the core of care planning for this vulnerable population. PMID:23593964

McAuliffe, R; O'Connor, L; Meagher, D



Las estrategias de promocion y prevencion en el Modelo Integral de Atencion en Salud - Trienio 2003-2006, Tabasco, Mexico.  


RESUMEN Introducción. Las estrategias de atención de salud previstas en el modelo de atención del Estado de Tabasco para el período 2003-2006, se organizaron en dos grupos: i) relacionadas con la promoción de la salud y la prevención de enfermedades; y ii) relacionadas con la gestión y administración de los servicios de salud. La estrategia dirigida a la promoción de salud y la prevención de enfermedades, fue considerada como prioritaria en el nuevo Modelo de Atención de Salud y para ello, se privilegió la participación comunitaria. Objetivo. después de casi 3 años de ejecución, era imprescindible indagar sobre lo alcanzado, para lo cual, se diseñó y ejecutó un ejercicio valorativo, cuya descripción representa el objetivo de este trabajo. Metodología. se realizó un ejercicio valorativo, desarrollado durante los meses de agosto-octubre del año 2006 en Jurisdicciones Sanitarias seleccionadas en el estado de Tabasco, in México. Resultados. destacan hallazgos como, la creación y funcionamiento de los Comités de Salud, la identificación del trabajo intersectorial y la utilidad de la participación comunitaria. Conclusiones. se concluye que en todo modelo de atención de salud, son ineludibles las actividades de promoción y prevención para obtener resultados exitosos. Estas actividades mantienen su vigencia y utilidad, particularmente, las acciones intersectoriales y la toma de decisiones con participación comunitaria. Sin dudas, la creación y funcionamiento del Comité Local de Salud, principal órgano coordinador municipal para las actividades de promoción y prevención, requiere perfeccionar su funcionamiento. PMID:24801791

Calvo, Silvia Martínez; Padrón, Y Hilda Santos



Las acciones preventivas y de mejora en el contexto de las organizaciones empresariales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Se presenta una herramienta que facilita el control de las acciones preventivas y de mejora en organizaciones que tienen implantado, o pretenden implantar, el sistema de dirección y gestión empresarial, y como parte de este los sistemas de seguridad y salud en el trabajo, calidad, competencia del laboratorio de calibración y ambiental. La mejora es un requisito establecido en las

Rossio Coya Cáceres; Martín Alberto Ayala López; Iosvani Segura Leyva



Comprendiendo las Negociaciones Comerciales Agrícolas de EE.UU.: Un Breve Análisis de las Fuerzas Políticas y Económicas que Moldearán las Posiciones de EE.UU. ante la OMC y en el Área de Libre Comercio de las Américas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este trabajo examina algunas de las fuerzas políticas y económicas, y las posibles interacciones entre ellas, que moldearán las posiciones de negociación actuales de EE.UU. en la OMC y el ALCA. La discusión se enfocará en tres temas: el papel de la política en el desarrollo de las políticas agrícolas domésticas, el enfoque concentrado del sector agrícola norteamericano ante la

Dale E. Hathaway



LAS Language Arts Supplement, English. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of over 100 games and activities is intended to increase oral proficiency among Spanish-speaking children without requiring reading skills. The collection grew out of the desire to provide remedies for specific linguistic weaknesses in English as identified by the Language Assessment Scales (LAS). Because tongue twisters, riddles…

DeAvila, Edward A.; Duncan, Sharon E.


Las Políticas Neoliberales y la cuestión Territorial  

Microsoft Academic Search

La profunda crisis del capitalismo y las políticas creadas tendientes a contrarrestarla han colocado en primer plano y como elementos determinantes de ésta, a los procesos económicos en su relación dialéctica con la política y el Estado. La cuestión regional y urbana ha sido considerada secundaria dada la sobrevaloración otorgada a otros procesos políticos, sociales y culturales examinados sin considerar

Emilio Pradilla Cobos



Daniel John Cunningham (1850-1909): anatomist and textbook author, whose sons achieved distinction in the Army, Navy and Indian Medical Service.  


Daniel John Cunningham was a son of the manse. His father John (1819-93) was the parish priest at Crieff, Perthshire from 1845 and was to remain there for 41 years. In 1886 he was appointed Principal of St Mary's College of the University of St Andrews and Moderator of the Church of Scotland. Daniel was educated at Crieff Academy before he progressed to the University of Edinburgh. He graduated MB CM with First-class Honours in 1874 and then proceeded MD in 1876 when he was awarded a Gold Medal for his thesis. He acted as Demonstrator to Professor Turner (1832-1916) in Edinburgh for eight years until 1882 and was then appointed to the Chair of Anatomy at the Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland, in Dublin. After only one year there, he transferred to Trinity College, Dublin, where he occupied a similar position for 20 years. In 1903, on the appointment of Sir William Turner to the post of Principal and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Edinburgh, Daniel was invited to succeed him as Professor of Anatomy in Edinburgh. Daniel held this post until his premature death in 1909. He had three sons and two daughters. Each of his three sons achieved distinction in different fields - one in the Army, another in the Navy and the third in the Indian Medical Service. One of Daniel's daughters married Dr Edwin Bramwell (1873-1952), who was later to occupy the Moncrieff Arnott Chair of Clinical Medicine in the University of Edinburgh. PMID:18463062

Kaufman, Matthew H



Parents think their sons are brighter than their daughters: sex differences in parental self-estimations and estimations of their children's multiple intelligences.  


In this study, 156 participants, predominantly White British adults (M age = 44.3 years) rated themselves on overall IQ and on H. Gardner's (1983) 7 intelligence subtypes. Parents (n = 120) also estimated the intelligence of their children. Men's self-estimates were significantly higher than women's (110.15 vs. 104.84). Participants thought their verbal, mathematical, and spatial intelligence scores were the best indicators of their own overall intelligence. Parents estimated that their sons had significantly higher IQs than their daughters (115.21 vs. 107.49). Self-estimates and estimates of children's multiple intelligences were higher for men and sons, significantly so for logical-mathematical and spatial intelligence. Parents rated 2nd-born daughters as having significantly higher verbal and musical intelligence than their male counterparts. Higher parental IQ self-estimates corresponded with higher IQ estimates for children. Results for 1st-born children were clearest and showed the most significant differences. The findings are interpreted in terms of sociocultural and familial influences and the possibility of actual sex differences in particular abilities. PMID:11952262

Furnham, Adrian; Reeves, Emma; Budhani, Salima



Las formas circunscritas de histoplasmosis pulmonar (Histoplasmomas)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen  Se refieren 12 casos de lesiones nodulares circunscritas del pulmón causados por elHistoplasma capsulatum (Histoplasmomas), obtenidos por resecciones pulmonares en personas de ambos sexos entre 10 y 72 años de edad. El diagnóstico\\u000a histo-patológico se realizó aplicando el método de coloración deGömöri modificado porGrocott.\\u000a \\u000a Las pruebas de sensibilidad cutáneas y serológicas resultaron positivas para histoplasmosis. Los cultivos de los especímenes

Alberto Angulo-Ortega



Caracterización de las Diatomitas de Río Seco  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen: La existencia de diatomita en la zona de R'o Seco (Piura, Perœ), ha llevado a los autores a realizar un estudio de sus propiedades f'sicas, qu'micas y mineral—gicas, con el objeto de determinar sus principales usos y aplicaciones. Para ello se han utilizado las t?cnicas de an‡lisis convencional, as' como microscop'a —ptica y electr—nica, difracci—n de rayos X y



Stratigraphic Units in Las Vegas Valley, Nevada  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using 25 well logs, 15 of which also had accompanying geophysical and aquifer test data were used to describe and establish three alloformations including the Tule Spring and Paradise Valley Alloformations and four aquiformations, the most well defined being, the Las Vegas Springs Aquiformation, in the west central part of the bolson (Donovan, 1996), primarily in Township 20 South, Range 60 East, Mount Diablo Baseline and Meridian (MDBLM), with the stratotypes designated in T20S, R61E S31 MDBLM (36° 9'59.89"N 115°11'26.34"W). The allostratigraphic units were developed using the recommendations in the North American Code of Stratigraphic Nomenclature (NACSN, 1983 and 2005). The hydrostratigraphic units were developed following the recommendations of Seaber (1992). The units constitute the bulk of the upper 500 meter section. Twenty additional wells in the same geographic area, drilled and completed between 1995 and 2005 with detailed geologic and hydrologic information provided confirmation of these units. The proposed stratigraphic units are not part of either, and are located between, the two previously named and non-contiguous formations in the bolson (the Miocene Muddy Creek Formation and the late Pleistocene Las Vegas Formation) (Longwell et al 1965). Las Vegas Valley contains a metropolitan area of approximately two million people. The deeper part of the alluvial basin below 300 ft below ground surface is of interest for supply and storage. The shallower part is of interest for water quality and the interaction between the ground water system and engineered structures.

Donovan, D.



Assisted Living for Our Parents: A Son’s Journey  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] I wrote this book to help aging parents and their adult children understand the problems and risks in choosing an ALF, with the hope that they might avoid some of the experiences my mother and I had. My story echoes many other people's stories. But of course I don't pretend that what I will describe happens to everyone entering

Daniel Jay Baum




Microsoft Academic Search

This article highlights 10 local transportation-engineering innovations in Las Vegas, Nevada. The Las Vegas Area Computer Traffic System (LVACTS) has undergone a significant transformation in preparation for 21st century traffic control. The Tropicana Avenue and Las Vegas Boulevard intersection is a must see for any transportation engineer or planner with its opposing triple left turns and overhead pedestrian walkways. Road

R T Romer; G E Grayson; S K Patel




EPA Science Inventory

Las Vegas has become one of the fastest growing metropolitan areas in the United States. The cities population has doubled from 1980 to 1994 and in 1995 Las Vegas has surpassed the one million mark. The population of Las Vegas is currently growing at a rate of 7 percent annually....


The phenomenology of solar-cycle-induced acoustic eigenfrequency variations: a comparative and complementary analysis of GONG, BiSON and VIRGO/LOI data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We use high-quality helioseismic data collected by three different observational programmes during the declining phase of activity cycle 22,Q7 and a substantial portion of the rising phase of the current cycle (23), to study the phenomenological nature of the cycle-induced (centroid) eigenfrequency variations. We have analysed the frequency dependence of the shifts by fitting a power law of the form ??nl~(?nl)?/Enl to the data (where the Enl are the mode inertias, and ? is the power-law index to be extracted). Previous studies have suggested that a relation with ?=0 provides an adequate description of the shifts up to ?~3500?Hz. However, here we show that while nevertheless describing the shifts well up to ~2500?Hz, the linear scaling breaks down conspicuously at higher frequencies. Above this threshold, the shifts follow a power-law dependence with ?~2. Our analyses (for 1600<=?<=4000?Hz) make use of observations made by the ground-based GONG over the angular degree range 4<=l<=150 the ground-based BiSON over 0<=l<=2 and the VIRGO/LOI instrument on board the ESA/NASA SOHO satellite over 0<=l<=8. We show that GONG shifts averaged over different ranges in l, together with the BiSON and LOI data averaged over their full quoted ranges, all scale at fixed frequency with the normalized mode inertia ratio QnlQ1. This is to be expected if the solar-cycle perturbation affecting the modes is confined in the surface layers; the excellent agreement also reflects favourably on the external consistency of the different observations.

Chaplin, W. J.; Appourchaux, T.; Elsworth, Y.; Isaak, G. R.; New, R.



Shallow Crustal Configuration of the Narmada-Son Lineament Transition Zone Near the Sahdol-Katni Area of Central India Using Simultaneous Gravity and Magnetic Observations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gravity and magnetic studies have been carried out to map the different depth formations of alluvium, Gondwana, Vindhyan, Mahakoshal, and the crystalline basement in the Narmada-Son lineament (NSL) near the Sahdol-Katni area, India. Higher elevations in the northern part of the study area have lower gravity; the southern part of the study area, however, is moderately elevated and also has a higher gravity anomaly, which justifies the isostatic adjustment. This indicates the presence of high-density material, for example Mahakoshal rocks, in the upper crust which causes the higher anomaly value. The Mahakoshal rocks are widely exposed at Mau, Chanaura, Nadawar, Khamaria, Umria, and near the Tala-Barhi area and also extend from Sidhi to Agoni village further east of the area. The Mahakoshal rocks are thinner between the river Son and Tikwa village which causes a different gravity anomaly pattern changing from the NNE-SSW direction to the N-S direction. However, the trend of magnetic anomaly follows the same pattern toward the NNE-SSW direction, mainly because of the effect of the crystalline basement. Two magnetic highs are prominent in the Tikwa and Amarpur regions, 800 and 400 nTesla, respectively, because of the presence of the crystalline basement. The depth of the crystalline basement obtained by 2½ D gravity-magnetic modelling varies from 2.7 to 2.9 km. From spectral analysis the average depth of the crystalline basement varies from 2.83 to 3.05 km. The different crustal depth sections obtained by 2½ D simultaneous gravity-magnetic modelling correlate well with other constrained data.

Ghosh, G. K.; Singh, C. L.



Advanced Airborne CO2 LAS System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A unique airborne Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (LAS) system has been developed by ITT Space Systems, LLC to address the needs of the National Research Council Decadal Survey Tier 2 mission for Active Sensing of CO2 Emissions over Nights, Days and Seasons (ASCENDS). This instrument has undergone multiple airborne field tests in cooperation with our partners at NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC). The instrument was built largely with off-the-shelf components and uses high reliability telecom components, including lasers, modulators and fiber amplifiers as the transmitter. Multiple wavelengths are transmitted simultaneously from a single collimator and the return signal is collected by a simple 8” telescope that is fiber coupled to a HgCdTe APD. The analog signal is sampled with a high resolution scope card housed in a National Instruments PXI chassis and the digitized signal is then passed through our custom-built software-based lock-in processing system which allows separation of the signals from the individual wavelengths. The separated signals are then used in the standard Differential Absorption Lidar (DIAL) relations to determine the integrated column differential optical depth. This presentation will give a detailed overview of this multi-frequency, single-beam, synchronous lock-in LAS instrument including the basic methodology of the measurement. Recent improvements in the lock-in methodology designed to eliminate the effects of multi- path fading and frequency dependence of the electronic components will also be discussed.

Dobler, J. T.; Braun, M. G.; McGregor, D. P.; Erxleben, W. H.; Browell, E. V.; Harrison, F. W.



Impacto de las regulaciones ambientales en las estrategias de comercialización del café costarricense  

Microsoft Academic Search

El uso de instrumentos de gestión ambiental se ha introducido paulatinamente en la forma de hacer negocios de las empresas. Sea por presión externa o por iniciativa local, la implementación de este tipo de prácticas ha venido en aumento y con ello más firmas han visualizado a través de estos esquemas importantes herramientas de apoyo y proyección de sus estrategias

Suyen Alonso Ubieta; Gerardo Jiménez



Secondary phase formation and the microstructural evolution of surface layers during vapor phase alteration of the French SON 68 nuclear waste glass at 200{degrees}C  

SciTech Connect

The SON 68 inactive {open_quotes}R7T7{close_quotes} composition is the French reference glass for the LWR nuclear waste glass. Vapor phase alteration was used to accelerate the reaction progress of glass corrosion and to develop the characteristic suite of secondary, alteration phases. Extensive solid-state characterization (AEM/SEM/HRTEM) was completed on six inactive R7T7 waste glasses which were altered in the presence of saturated water vapor (200{degrees}C) for 91, 241, 908, 1000, 1013, and 1021 days. The AEM samples were examined in cross-section (lattice-fringe imaging, micro-diffraction, and quantitative thin-film EDS analysis). The glass monoliths were invariably covered with a thin altered rind. The layer became thicker with time: 0.5 {mu}m for 22 days; 4 {mu}m for 91 days; 6 {mu}m for 241 days; 10 {mu}m for 908 days; 26 {mu}m for 1013 days; and <35 {mu}m for 1021 days. The composite alteration layer of the SON 68 samples is at least four time less thick than that of the SRL 131 glass composition. Six distinctive zones, based on phase chemistry and microstructure, were distinguished within the well-developed surface layers. Numerous crystalline phases such as analcime, tobermorite, apatite, and weeksite were identified on the surfaces of the reacted glasses as precipitates. Two crystalline phases, Ag{sub 2}TeO{sub 3} and (Ca,Sr)Mo{sub 3}O{sub 9}(OH){sub 2}, were found within the inner zones of surface layers, and they must have nucleated in situ, indicating that Ag, Te, Sr, and Mo can be retained within the surface layer. The majority of the surface layer volume is composed of two morphologically and chemically different structures: one consists of well-crystallized fibrous smectite aggregates occurring along with cavities, the A-domain; and the other consists of poorly-crystallized regions containing needle-like smectite (montmorillonite) crystallites, a silica-rich amorphous matrix, and possibly ZrO{sub 2} particles, the B-domain.

Gong, W.L.; Ewing, R.C.; Wang, L.M. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [and others



Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network (LCOGTN) features a comprehensive science research program and an innovative astronomy-education program featuring state-of-the-art instructional materials appropriate for students at all levels, from elementary school through postsecondary. LCOGTN operates two research-class robotic telescopes, the Faulkes Telescope North, located in Maui, Hawaii, and the Faulkes Telescope South, located in Australia at Siding Spring Observatory. These telescopes are available to teachers to use as part of their curricular or extracurricular activities, and are supported by a range of educational materials and a team of educators and professional astronomers. Additional telescopes in Mississippi, Texas, California, and the United Kingdom will further broaden the Network's scope. Real-time observation and still images available.

Observatory, Las C.



GMT Site Evaluation at Las Campanas Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Giant Magellan Telescope project is in the fortunate position of having clear access to a developed site with a long history of excellent performance. Las Campanas Observatory has dark skies, little or no risk of future light pollution, excellent seeing, moderate winds and a high fraction of clear nights. Our site testing effort is concentrated on identifying the best peak within LCO in terms of seeing, turbulence profile, and wind speeds and on quantifying the potential impact of precipitable water vapor on GMT mid-infrared science goals by characterization in terms of both precision and time variability. Thus, we are measuring meteorological characteristics (pressure, temperature, humidity, wind, and cloud cover), seeing, the turbulence profile of the free atmosphere (above 500 m), precipitable water vapor, and light pollution at four sites within the LCO property.

Thomas-Osip, J. E.



Twelve-year Geochemical Records Of The East Asian Summer And Winter Monsoons And Terrestrial Sediment Transport In A Porites Coral From Son Tra Island, Cental Vietnam  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The climate in the South China Sea (SCS), a semi-closed ocean basin with a narrow opening in the north to the Western Pacific Ocean, is mainly constrained by the East Asian summer and winter monsoons. Due to the limited instrumental data, the quantitative evaluation of both influences on local and regional areas is still beyond the capacity of climate models. The geochemical proxy records in coral skeletons provide a potential way to retrieve the history of hydrological and climatic conditions with weekly to monthly resolution. We present geochemical proxy records in a 12-year modern Porites coral collected from Son Tra Island, central Vietnam in June, 2005. Three features are exhibited as follows. (1) The winter data of coral ?18O match well with the instrumental SST observations. This consistency indicates that the winter coral ?18O can reflect the regional hydrological conditions, which is dominated by the East Asian winter monsoon. (2) The variation of interannual summer coral ?18O values differ from that of instrumental SST record. The episodic enriched coral ?18O in summer might reflect sea surface water cooling events, triggered by enhancement of the East Asian summer monsoon (EASM) and/or local salinity increase. (3) The diachronous characteristics of seasonal and interannual trends among different elements, such as Al, Ba, Fe and Cd, shows the dynamic natural of EASM-induced seasonal upwelling and the variability of terrestrial sediment transport over the past 12 years in this area.

Chang, C.; Shen, C.; Chiang, H.; Chen, Y.; Lam, D.; Ngai, N.



Disruption of ERBB2IP is not associated with dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa in both father and son carrying a balanced 5;13 translocation.  


Mutations in the type VII collagen gene (COL7A1) cause autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant inherited dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB). We report a family with three individuals who present blistering, scarring, hypo- and hyperpigmentation, and nail dystrophy suggestive for DEB. Whereas father and son carry a 5;13 translocation, the daughter shows a normal karyotype. Segregation analysis revealed that all affected family members inherited the same COL7A1 allele. Mutation analysis disclosed a heterozygous missense mutation, c.6227G > A (p.G2076D), in COL7A1 in all affected individuals. Delineation of the translocation breakpoints showed that the ERBB2IP (erbb2 interacting protein or Erbin) gene is disrupted in 5q13.1 and GPC6 in 13q32. GPC6 encodes glypican 6 belonging to a family of cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans. The binding partners of Erbin, BP230 (BPAG1) and the integrin beta4 subunit, both involved in hemidesmosome (HD) function, and the presence of Erbin in HD suggested that it plays a role in establishment and maintenance of cell-basement membrane adhesions. However, loss of function of one ERBB2IP copy or expression of a putative novel ERBB2IP fusion protein did not apparently modulate the DEB phenotype in both translocation patients. Nonetheless, one cannot yet exclude that ERBB2IP is a candidate for human blistering disorders such as epidermolysis bullosa. PMID:16185268

Stefanova, Margarita; Zemke, Katrin; Dimitrov, Boyan; Has, Christina; Kern, Johannes S; Bruckner-Tuderman, Leena; Kutsche, Kerstin



Effective field renormalization group approach to classical SO(n) antiferromagnets on d-dimensional corner-sharing hyper-tetrahedral lattices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A real-space renormalization group method for classical SO(n) interacting spins on a d-dimensional lattice of corner-sharing hyper-tetrahedra is presented. These include the classical Heisenberg model on the kagome and pyrochlore lattices as particular cases. The partition function of clusters of different sizes and the corresponding order parameters are calculated to leading order in the symmetry breaking fields created by the spins outside the cluster and the corresponding scaling relations and critical behavior of these lattices are analyzed. To illustrate the simplicity of the method, a reduced subset of the possible ordered states of these lattices for the isotropic nearest-neighbour interaction problem is studied in detail. It is found that the method correctly predicts the absence of the \\vec{q}=\\mathbf{0} ordered state on the antiferromagnetic sector of the model no matter the dimensionality of the lattice or the number of spin components. Possible ways to consider more complex ordered states and higher-order effects —such as order by disorder— in the present framework are also discussed.

Garcia-Adeva, A. J.



Palaeoenvironmental response to the ˜74 ka Toba ash-fall in the Jurreru and Middle Son valleys in southern and north-central India  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Distal deposits of rhyolitic volcanic ash from the ˜74 ka "supervolcanic" eruption of Toba, in northern Sumatra, are preserved in numerous river valleys across peninsular India. The Toba eruption is hypothesized to have resulted in climate change and the devastation of ecosystems and hominin populations. This study reports the results of the analysis of sediments and stratigraphical sequences from sites in the Jurreru and Middle Son valleys in southern and north-central India. The aim of the study is to determine the extent of palaeoenvironmental change in both valleys as a result of the ash-fall. Inferences based on evidence from the Jurreru valley are more detailed, where pre- and post-Toba palaeoenvironmental changes are divided into seven phases. The results indicate that ash-fall deposits in both valleys underwent several phases of reworking that possibly lasted for several years, indicating that ash was mobile in the landscape for a considerable period of time prior to burial. This could have enhanced and lengthened the detrimental effects of the ash on vegetation and water sources, as well as animal and hominin populations.

Jones, Sacha Claire



Sex ratio and proportion of affected sons in sibships with X-chromosomal recessive traits: maximum likelihood estimation in truncated multinomial distributions.  


If mothers are carriers of a recessive male sex-linked disorder, their children may include females, healthy males and affected males. The composition of the possible sibships follows a multinomial distribution. If the mothers are diagnosed as carriers independently of their offspring, then the distributions are not truncated, but if they are classified as carriers after the birth of at least one affected son, the distributions are truncated. In order to avoid ascertainment bias, the statistical analyses of the corresponding data must differ. We present procedures for estimation in both the untruncated and the truncated case. The formulae obtained are applied to family data for X-chromosomal recessive retinoschisis (RS) from the region of Satakunta in southwestern Finland. Earlier studies indicated that, among the offspring of RS carriers, the sex ratio was increased. In our model, therefore, we include both the proportion of males and the proportion of affected individuals among the males. The sex ratio was significantly increased (131.0), but the proportion of affected males was slightly lower than expected (42.5%). RS seems to be the only known genetic disorder in which the offspring of carriers of the mutation include a statistically significant surplus of males. PMID:12435881

Fellman, Johan; Eriksson, Aldur W; Forsius, Henrik



Crustal thickness mapping in Raipur-Katni area of Narmada-Son lineament in central India derived from 3D Euler deconvolution of magnetic data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Narmada-Son lineament (NSL) is one of the most prominent tectonic features which divides the Indian peninsula into two subcontinents, northern and southern India since Precambrian times. The area is seismically active and geologically complex with different geological formations. Magnetic data divides the area into two parts and more prominent magnetic highs are observed near Tikwa, Mau and Amarpur regions with 800, 600 and 400 nT, respectively due to the presence of the crystalline basement rock. Tectonic resettlement and lithological changes causes upwarpment of Mahakoshal rocks. In the present study, magnetic data interpretation is carried out for locating depth of causative body and delineating structural fault/dyke boundaries using Euler deconvolution technique. Most of the faults are oriented in the ENE-WSW direction; however, few more faults are identified which are oriented in the SE to NW direction. These fault patterns suggest that the area is exaggerated by tectonic turmoil and distressed both sedimentary to basement rocks isolating the area into numerous faulted blocks. The maximum depths (>4.5 km) observed at Katni and Umaria area and moderate depths (between 4.0 and 4.5 km) observed towards east of Katni, Ramnagar, Burwa and east of Umaria and Sarna area.

Ghosh, G. K.; Singh, C. L.



Patterns of HIV prevalence among injecting drug users in the cross-border area of Lang Son Province, Vietnam, and Ning Ming County, Guangxi Province, China  

PubMed Central

Background To assess patterns of injecting drug use and HIV prevalence among injecting drug users (IDUs) in an international border area along a major heroin trans-shipment route. Methods Cross-sectional surveys of IDUs in 5 sites in Lang Son Province, Vietnam (n = 348) and 3 sites in Ning Ming County, Guangxi Province, China (n = 308). Respondents were recruited through peer referral ("snowball") methods in both countries, and also from officially recorded lists of IDUs in Vietnam. A risk behavior questionnaire was administered and HIV counseling and testing conducted. Results Participants in both countries were largely male, in their 20s, and unmarried. A majority of subjects in both countries were members of ethnic minority groups. There were strong geographic gradients for length of drug injecting and for HIV seroprevalence. Both mean years injecting and HIV seroprevalence declined from the Vietnamese site farthest from the border to the Chinese site farthest from the border. 10.6% of participants in China and 24.5% of participants in Vietnam reported crossing the international border in the 6 months prior to interview. Crossing the border by IDUs was associated with (1) distance from the border, (2) being a member of an ethnic minority group, and (3) being HIV seropositive among Chinese participants. Conclusion Reducing the international spread of HIV among IDUs will require programs at the global, regional, national, and "local cross border" levels. At the local cross border level, the programs should be coordinated on both sides of the border and on a sufficient scale that IDUs will be able to readily obtain clean injection equipment on the other side of the border as well as in their country of residence.

Des Jarlais, Don C; Johnston, Patrick; Friedmann, Patricia; Kling, Ryan; Liu, Wei; Ngu, Doan; Chen, Yi; Hoang, Tran V; Donghua, Meng; Van, Ly K; Tung, Nguyen D; Binh, Kieu T; Hammett, Theodore M



Analytical electron microscopy study of surface layers formed on the french SON68 nuclear waste glass during vapor hydration at 200{degree}C.  

SciTech Connect

Extensive solid-state characterization (AEM/SEM/HRTEM) was completed on six SON68 (inactive R7T7) waste glasses which were altered in the presence of saturated water vapor (200{sup o}C) for 22, 91, 241, 908, 1000, 1013, and 1021 days. The samples were examined by AEM in cross-section (lattice-fringe imaging, micro-diffraction, and quantitative thin-film EDS analysis). The glass monoliths were invariably covered by a thin altered rind, and the surface layer thickness increased with increasing time of reaction, ranging from 0.5 to 30 {mu}m in thickness. Six distinctive zones, based on phase chemistry and microstructure, were distinguished within the well-developed surface layers. Numerous crystalline phases such as analcime, gyrolite, tobermorite, apatite, and weeksite were identified on the surfaces of the reacted glasses as precipitates. The majority of the surface layer volume was composed of two basic structures that are morphologically and chemically distinct: The A-domain consisted of well-crystallized fibrous smectite aggregates; and the B-domain consisted of poorly-crystallized regions containing smectite, possibly montmorillonite, crystallites and a ZrO{sub 2}-rich amorphous silica matrix. The retention of the rare-earth elements, Mo, and Zr mostly occurred within the B-domain; while transition metal elements, such as Zn, Cr, Ni, Mn, and Fe, were retained in the A-domain. The element partitioning among A-domains and B-domains and recrystallization of the earlier-formed B-domains into the A-domain smectites were the basic processes which have controlled the chemical and structural evolution of the surface layer. The mechanism of surface layer formation during vapor hydration are discussed based on these cross-sectional AEM results.

Gong, W. L.; Wang, L. M.; Ewing, R. C.; Vernaz, E.; Bates, J. K.; Ebert, W. L.; Chemical Engineering; Univ. of New Mexico; CEA-VALRHO



Analytical electron microscopy study of surface layers formed on the French SON68 nuclear waste glass during vapor hydration at 200°C  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Extensive solid-state characterization (AEM/SEM/HRTEM) was completed on six SON68 (inactive R7T7) waste glasses which were altered in the presence of saturated water vapor (200°C) for 22, 91, 241, 908, 1000, 1013, and 1021 days. The samples were examined by AEM in cross-section (lattice-fringe imaging, micro-diffraction, and quantitative thin-film EDS analysis). The glass monoliths were invariably covered by a thin altered rind, and the surface layer thickness increased with increasing time of reaction, ranging from 0.5 to 30 ?m in thickness. Six distinctive zones, based on phase chemistry and microstructure, were distinguished within the well-developed surface layers. Numerous crystalline phases such as analcime, gyrolite, tobermorite, apatite, and weeksite were identified on the surfaces of the reacted glasses as precipitates. The majority of the surface layer volume was composed of two basic structures that are morphologically and chemically distinct: The A-domain consisted of well-crystallized fibrous smectite aggregates; and the B-domain consisted of poorly-crystallized regions containing smectite, possibly montmorillonite, crystallites and a ZrO 2-rich amorphous silica matrix. The retention of the rare-earth elements, Mo, and Zr mostly occurred within the B-domain; while transition metal elements, such as Zn, Cr, Ni, Mn, and Fe, were retained in the A-domain. The element partitioning among A-domains and B-domains and recrystallization of the earlier-formed B-domains into the A-domain smectites were the basic processes which have controlled the chemical and structural evolution of the surface layer. The mechanism of surface layer formation during vapor hydration are discussed based on these cross-sectional AEM results.

Gong, W. L.; Wang, L. M.; Ewing, R. C.; Vernaz, E.; Bates, J. K.; Ebert, W. L.



Detection of TEM-induced reciprocal translocations in F/sub 1/ sons of CD-1 male mice: comparison of sequential fertility evaluation and cytogenetic analysis  

SciTech Connect

To determine the positive and negative classification error rates associated with the HTA in our laboratory, F/sub 1/ sons of TEM-exposed CD-1 male mice were evaluated by the sequential fertility method with subsequent cytogenetic analysis. Males who sired three litters of size 10 or less when mated to primiparous females from either the B6C3F/sub 1/ or the BCF/sub 1/ strain were classified as partial steriles. When meiotic chromosomes analyses revealed the presence of at least two cells containing multivalent figures, males were classified as translocation heterozygotes. When the fertility evaluation and the cytogenetic analysis were compared, normal fertility was observed on 5 of 83 (6.02%) translocation-bearing F/sub 1/ males mated to B6C3F/sub 1/ tester females and on 3 of 83 (3.61%) F/sub 1/ males mated to BCF/sub 1/ tester females. Thus, the false-negative error rates were 6.02% and 3.61% with these two tester strains. Multivalent figures were not observed in the meiotic chromosomes of 410 F/sub 1/ males. The false-positive error rates with these two tester strains were 2.93% for the B6C3F/sub 1/ strain and 1.71% for the BCF/sub 1/ strain. The results indicate that nonzero error rates, both false-positive and false-negative, are associated with the sequential mating method HTA. In addition, the magnitude of these error rates was influenced not only by the tester female strain but also by the genotype of the F/sub 1/ male.

Morris, S.M.; Kodell, R.L.; Domon, O.E.; Bishop, J.B.



Radioxenon Atmospheric Measurements in North Las Vegas  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) deployed the Automated Radioxenon Sampler/Analyzer (ARSA) in North Las Vegas for two weeks in February and March 2006 for the purpose of measuring the radioxenon background at a level of sensitivity much higher than previously done in the vicinity of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The measurements establish what might be expected if future measurements are taken at NTS itself and investigate improved methods of environmental monitoring of NTS for test site readiness. Also, such radioxenon measurements have not previously been performed in a United States location considered to be as remote from nuclear reactors. A second detector, the Portable Environmental Monitoring Station (PEMS), built and operated by the Desert Research Institute (DRI), was deployed in conjunction with the ARSA and contained a pressure ion chamber, aerosol collection filters, and meteorological sensors. Some of the radioxenon measurements detected 133Xe at levels up to 3 mBq/m3. This concentration of radioxenon is consistent with the observation of low levels of radioxenon emanating from distance nuclear reactors. Previous measurements in areas of high nuclear reactor concentration have shown similar results, but the western US, in general, does not have many nuclear reactors. Measurements of the wind direction indicate that the air carrying the radioxenon came from south of the detector and not from the NTS.

Milbrath, Brian D.; Cooper, Matthew W.; Lidey, Lance S.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Hayes, James C.; McIntyre, Justin I.; Karr, L.; Shafer, David S.; Tappen, J.



Cambio tecnológico y productividad de las empresas industriales uruguayas  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este trabajo se presentan las estimaciones de una función de costos translogarítmica en base a un modelo de datos panel para la industria uruguaya para 541 empresas entre 1988-1994. Asimismo se presentan las estimaciones para distintos agrupamientos, por tipo de empresa, mercado y división. Para el promedio de la muestra, el efecto neto de la escala y el cambio

Ruben Tansini; Patricia Triunfo



Association Meeting Planners' Perceived Performance of Las Vegas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The meeting planner of a particular association is often instrumental in influencing what city will best accommodate the needs of the organization. This study examined how Las Vegas as a convention city meets preferences of association meeting planners by applying Importance-Performance analysis (IPA). Qualitative (open-ended) evaluations were also sought to complement the analysis. The findings showed that Las Vegas effectively

Seyhmus Baloglu; Curtis Love




Microsoft Academic Search

El objetivo de este artículo es estudiar la fijación del cociente de capi- tal, esto es, el porcentaje que representan los recursos propios sobre el total de activos, por parte de las empresas bancarias. Para ello, se pro- pone un modelo teórico que analiza la existencia de un cociente de ca- pital objetivo distinguiendo dos regímenes: uno para las empresas



El impacto de las reformas estructurales en la agricultura colombiana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Colombia, como la mayor parte de los países latinoamericanos, emprendió un ambicioso proceso de liberalización y reformas al clarear la década de los años noventa, el cual cobijó al sector agropecuario. Las reformas en el agro tuvieron tres períodos: desde el segundo semestre de 1990 hasta finales de 1992 se pusieron en marcha la mayoría de las reformas iniciales, de

Santiago Perry



Biodegradation of the french reference nuclear glass SON 68 by Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans : protective effect of the biofilm,U and REE retention  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although underground nuclear waste repositories are not expected to be favourable places for microbial activity, one should not exclude localized action of extremophilic bacteria on some materials involved in the storage concept. Among endogenous or accidentally introduced acidophiles, some are susceptible to lead to a locally drastic decreased in pH with potential consequences on materials corrosion. Experiments were performed with Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans on 100-125 ?m french reference nuclear glass SON68 grains in a mineral medium under static conditions during 60 days at 25°C. Growth medium was periodically renewed and analyzed by ICP-AES and ICP-MS spectrometry for both major, traces and ultra-traces elements. Biofilm formation was evidenced by confocal laser microscopy, staining DNA with ethidium bromide and exopolysaccharides with calcofluor white. Biofilm thickness around material grains exceeded 20 ?m under the chosen experimental conditions. It can be noticed that while numerous studies on biofilm formation upon interaction between Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans and materials can be found in the literature, evidence for biofilm formation is still scarce for the case of the acidophilic bacterium A. thiooxidans. Presence of biofilm is a key parameter for material alteration at the solid/solution interface in biotic systems. Indeed, various constitutive elements of materials trapped in the polyanionic polymer of biofilm may also influence the alteration process. In particular, biofilm may reduce the alteration rate of materials by forming a protective barrier at their surface (Aouad et al., 2008). In this study, glass alteration rates, determined using strontium, molybdenum and caesium as tracers, showed that the biofilm has a protective effect against glass alteration. U and REE are efficiently trapped in the biogenic compartment of the system (exopolysaccharides (EPS) + bacterial cells). Biofilm analysis are in progress to determine whether these elements are in bacterial cells or in the EPS. . Aouad G., Crovisier J.-L., Damidot D., Stille P., Hutchens E., Mutterer J., Meyer J.-M., and Geoffroy V. A. (2008) Interactions between municipal solid waste incinerator bottom ash and bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa). Science of The Total Environment 393(2-3), 385-393.

Bachelet, M.; Crovisier, J.; Stille, P.; Boutin, R.; Vuilleumier, S.; Geoffroy, V.




NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Land Analysis System (LAS) is an image analysis system designed to manipulate and analyze digital data in raster format and provide the user with a wide spectrum of functions and statistical tools for analysis. LAS offers these features under VMS with optional image display capabilities for IVAS and other display devices as well as the X-Windows environment. LAS provides a flexible framework for algorithm development as well as for the processing and analysis of image data. Users may choose between mouse-driven commands or the traditional command line input mode. LAS functions include supervised and unsupervised image classification, film product generation, geometric registration, image repair, radiometric correction and image statistical analysis. Data files accepted by LAS include formats such as Multi-Spectral Scanner (MSS), Thematic Mapper (TM) and Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR). The enhanced geometric registration package now includes both image to image and map to map transformations. The over 200 LAS functions fall into image processing scenario categories which include: arithmetic and logical functions, data transformations, fourier transforms, geometric registration, hard copy output, image restoration, intensity transformation, multispectral and statistical analysis, file transfer, tape profiling and file management among others. Internal improvements to the LAS code have eliminated the VAX VMS dependencies and improved overall system performance. The maximum LAS image size has been increased to 20,000 lines by 20,000 samples with a maximum of 256 bands per image. The catalog management system used in earlier versions of LAS has been replaced by a more streamlined and maintenance-free method of file management. This system is not dependent on VAX/VMS and relies on file naming conventions alone to allow the use of identical LAS file names on different operating systems. While the LAS code has been improved, the original capabilities of the system have been preserved. These include maintaining associated image history, session logging, and batch, asynchronous and interactive mode of operation. The LAS application programs are integrated under version 4.1 of an interface called the Transportable Applications Executive (TAE). TAE 4.1 has four modes of user interaction: menu, direct command, tutor (or help), and dynamic tutor. In addition TAE 4.1 allows the operation of LAS functions using mouse-driven commands under the TAE-Facelift environment provided with TAE 4.1. These modes of operation allow users, from the beginner to the expert, to exercise specific application options. LAS is written in C-language and FORTRAN 77 for use with DEC VAX computers running VMS with approximately 16Mb of physical memory. This program runs under TAE 4.1. Since TAE 4.1 is not a current version of TAE, TAE 4.1 is included within the LAS distribution. Approximately 130,000 blocks (65Mb) of disk storage space are necessary to store the source code and files generated by the installation procedure for LAS and 44,000 blocks (22Mb) of disk storage space are necessary for TAE 4.1 installation. The only other dependencies for LAS are the subroutine libraries for the specific display device(s) that will be used with LAS/DMS (e.g. X-Windows and/or IVAS). The standard distribution medium for LAS is a set of two 9track 6250 BPI magnetic tapes in DEC VAX BACKUP format. It is also available on a set of two TK50 tape cartridges in DEC VAX BACKUP format. This program was developed in 1986 and last updated in 1992.

Pease, P. B.



Airborne Validation of Active CO2 LAS Measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A unique, multi-frequency, single-beam, laser absorption spectrometer (LAS) that operates at 1.57 ?m has been developed for a future space-based mission to determine the global distribution of sources and sinks of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2). A prototype of the space-based LAS system was developed by ITT, and it has been successfully flight tested in seven airborne campaigns conducted in different geographic regions over the last four years. Flight tests were conducted over Oklahoma, Michigan, New Hampshire, and Virginia under a wide range of atmospheric conditions. Remote LAS measurements were compared to high-quality in situ measurements obtained from instrumentation on the same aircraft on spirals under the ground track of the LAS. LAS flights were conducted over a wide range of land and water reflectances and in the presence of scattered clouds. An extensive data set of CO2 measurements has been obtained for evaluating the LAS performance. These LAS test flights resulted in the first demonstration of high-precision, high-accuracy, remote laser measurements of CO2 from an airborne platform. The LAS CO2 column measurements were found to have a precision for a 10-s horizontal average (~1 km) of better than 1 ppm of CO2 over land and 1.3 ppm over water. Absolute comparisons of CO2 remote and in situ measurements showed agreement on average to better than 0.5 ppm of CO2 with a standard deviation of the agreement to better than 2 ppm of CO2. In addition, results of recent coordinated aircraft flight tests of different CO2 LAS systems and different in situ CO2 measurement systems over Oklahoma and Virginia in July-August 2009 are also discussed in this paper.

Browell, E. V.; Dobler, J.; Kooi, S.; Choi, Y.; Harrison, F.; Moore, B.; Zaccheo, T.



Fate of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) in activated sludge plants.  


Monitoring data were collected in a pilot-scale municipal activated sludge plant to assess the fate of the C12-homologue of linear alkyl benzene sulfonate (LAS-C12). The pilot-plant was operated at influent LAS-C12 concentrations between 2 and 12 mg l(-1) and at sludge retention times of 10 and 27 days. Effluent and waste sludge concentrations varied between 5 and 10 microg l(-1) and between 37 and 69 microg g(-1) VSS, respectively. In the sludge samples only 2-8% was present as dissolved LAS-C12, whereas the remaining 92-98% was found to be adsorbed to the sludge. In spite of this high degree of sorption, more than 99% of the LAS-C12 load was removed by biodegradation, showing that not only the soluble fraction but also the adsorbed fraction of LAS-C12 is readily available for biodegradation. Sorption and biodegradation of LAS-C12 were also investigated separately. Sorption was an extremely fast and reversible process and could be described by a linear isotherm with a partition coefficient of 3.2 l g(-1) volatile suspended solids. From the results of biodegradation kinetic tests it was concluded that primary biodegradation of LAS-C12 cannot be described by a (growth) Monod model, but a secondary utilisation model should be used instead. The apparent affinity of the sludge to biodegrade LAS-C12 increased when the sludge was loaded with higher influent concentrations of LAS-C12. PMID:14769410

Temmink, H; Klapwijk, Bram




Microsoft Academic Search

Numerosos trabajos han estudiado la influencia del consejo de administración en las decisiones y resultados de sus empresas. No obstante, la enorme popularidad alcanzada en el campo del gobierno corporativo por estos estudios, no viene acompañada por sus resultados, que han sido ambiguos y, a veces, conflictivos En esta investigación proponemos que la efectividad de los consejos depende de las

C. Barroso Castro; M. M. Villegas Periñan; L. Pérez-Calero



Las revistas internacionales de geografía física: análisis de las publicaciones reflejadas en el Science Citation Index del Journal of Citation Reports durante el período 1989-2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

El manejo de los índices de impacto de las revistas internacionales es capital para investigadores, profesores y estudiantes de tercer ciclo ya que permite seleccionar la publicación más adecuada para dirigir las investigaciones. Al margen, en la actualidad, las trayectorias curriculares se están midiendo a través de las publicaciones en revistas indexadas, por lo que el conocimiento de estos índices

Carles Barriocanal Lozano



Flow cytometric analysis of a marine LAS-degrading consortia.  


The specific nucleic acid fluorochrome SYTO-13 was used in flow cytometric analysis to assess changes in the density and heterogeneity of marine bacterial populations which biodegrade linear alkylbenzene sulphonate (LAS). Seawater samples with LAS and incubated in the laboratory (20 degrees C, 100 rpm, 30 days) were used to monitor LAS-degrading consortia. Flow cytometric studies and culture methods were used to characterize the LAS degrading bacterioplankton consortia. Fluorescence and scatter signals enabled us to define three regions (R1, R2 and R3) in the dual parameter cytograms. The distribution of the bacterial counts in these regions allowed us to monitor the formation and evolution of the consortia. PMID:10677841

López-Amorós, R; Comas, J; Garcia, M T; Vives-Rego, J



Thermal expansion in metal\\/lithia-alumina-silica (LAS) composites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lithia-alumina-silica (LAS) with metallic dispersions offers a new approach toward near-zero, isotropic, thermal expansion composites. The metallic phase contributes a positive coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) to the negative CTE of the glass\\/ceramic matrix. In addition, the metal will increase the electrical and thermal conductivities over those of the matrix alone. The LAS system offers tailorable negative CTEs and light

E. G. Wolff



Visualizing Large Datasets with LAS and Google Earth  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As experiments and simulations in Earth System Science grow larger and more complex, dataset volumes are growing explosively. Web-based visualization and analysis of these datasets is becoming a challenge due to large amount of data and the limit of network bandwidth. The Live Access Server (LAS) is a highly configurable Web server designed to provide flexible access to visualization and analysis products generated from geo- referenced scientific datasets. In this presentation, we introduce a new capability of LAS for interactively visualizing large datasets by utilizing the view-based refresh queries of Google Earth and the automatic decimation ("striding") capabilities of Ferret. When viewing a high resolution dataset on a global scale it is wasteful of bandwidth to handle the full resolution data. With the striding capability, Ferret selects every nth point along an axis, where n is the striding value. The striding values are dynamically computed based upon the size of the area of interest. The automatic striding approach minimizes the volume of data that need be touched to visualize a large geographic area. Higher resolutions are utilized for smaller areas to reveal the fine structures. The LAS provides this behavior using Google Earth as the user interface. As users zoom or pan on Google Earth, Google Earth interacts with LAS through a Network Link, which contains the URL of a LAS server. When the view inside Google Earth stops for a set number of seconds, it makes a request to a LAS server, sending the LAS server the latitude and longitude boundaries (bounding box) of the area currently in view. The LAS server uses that information to compute stride values, instruct Ferret to generate a visualization for that particular geographic area, and send the resulting image back to Google Earth.

Li, J.; Schweitzer, R.; Hankin, S.; Manke, A.; O'Brien, K.



Navajo minettes in the Cerros de las Mujeres, New Mexico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Cerros de las Mujeres in west-central New Mexico are three mafic minette plugs that should be considered part of the Navajo volcanic fields on the central Colorado Plateau. This newly recognized occurrence extends the Navajo volcanic fields to the southeastern margin of the Colorado Plateau, within 45 km of the extensional tectonic setting in which the Mogollon ash-flow tuff cauldrons occur. The Cerros de las Mujeres provide additional evidence for contemporaneous sodic and potassic volcanism within the Navajo volcanic fields.

Vaniman, D.; Laughlin, A. W.; Gladney, E. S.



El miedo a la amenaza nuclear y las obras de protección civil en Suiza  

Microsoft Academic Search

Las obras de protección civil en Suiza representan no sólo una forma de actuar en el ámbito de la protección de la población, sino también un enorme gasto financiero para el Estado y, en definitiva, para todos los ciudadanos que las financian a través de los impuestos o pagando directamente las nuevas obras. Las locuras cometidas en este ámbito a

Marc Kaenzig



Linking Cooperation and Sustainable Development: The Las Nubes Coffee Partnership  

Microsoft Academic Search

York University, the Tropical Science Center (TSC), and COOPEAGRI, R.L. of Costa Rica and Timothy's World Coffee have formed a unique partnership to advance rural sustainable development in the Las Nubes region of southern Costa Rica. York's Faculty of Environmental Studies (FES) and TSC have promoted the creation of a biological corridor along the Río Peñas Blancas, between the montane

Howard E. Daugherty; Stefanie J. Hall; Paula Pelaez


A Community-Based Organization: The Las Mercedes Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the Las Mercedes Project as an example, the aim of this article is to discuss the philosophy and practice of community-based projects. At the core of such projects is a shift in understanding the nature of community. A community, in this case, represents a reality that persons construct that determines the character of rules, norms, and the focus and

John W. Murphy



Multiple output selection-LAS algorithm in large MIMO systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a low-complexity algorithm for detection in large MIMO systems based on the likelihood ascent search (LAS) algorithm. The key idea in our work is to generate multiple possible solutions or outputs from which we select the best one. We propose two possible approaches to achieve this goal and both are investigated. Computer simulations demonstrate that the proposed algorithm,

Peng Li; Ross D. Murch



Reading "Las Meninas": An Ekphrastic Approach to Teaching "Don Quijote"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reading and teaching "Don Quijote" present multiple challenges to twenty-first century students and instructors who are culturally and historically distanced from the seventeenth century. With "Las Meninas" serving as a visual lexicon for cuing correlative themes and events in "Don Quijote", the instructor, through an ekphrastic, interdisciplinary…

Ortuno, Marian



Thermal expansion in metal/lithia-alumina-silica (LAS) composites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lithia-alumina-silica (LAS) with metallic dispersions offers a new approach toward near-zero, isotropic, thermal expansion composites. The metallic phase contributes a positive coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) to the negative CTE of the glass/ceramic matrix. In addition, the metal will increase the electrical and thermal conductivities over those of the matrix alone. The LAS system offers tailorable negative CTEs and light weight compared to other negative CTE ceramics. The most negative CTE phase is crystalline ?-eucryptite, whose proportion in an initially glassy matrix can be controlled by heat treatment. Dispersed metal powders were both hot-pressed and cold-pressed and sintered together with LAS matrices prepared by sol gel methods. Super Invar powder was studied for its minimal CTE mismatch, while titanium powders offered a compromise between light weight and low CTE. An ultralow-expansion (ULE) glass- and linear variable differential transducer (LVDT)-based differential dilatometer was developed for rapid screening of compositions, while a double-laser Michelson interferometer was used for precise near-zero CTE measurements. The reinforced ?-eucryptite glass/ceramic matrix exhibited both a U-shaped ?L/L curve with temperature and some thermal hysteresis, depending on the fabrication and heat treatment sequences. The temperature of the zero-CTE portion of this curve was found to change with increasing titanium powder content. Results are also given for mixtures of Super Invar powders in ULE glass and ?-eucryptite matrices. Negative CTEs in a LAS matrix above ambient temperatures were more difficult to obtain than below, although the use of petalite (high-silica LAS) appears promising.

Wolff, E. G.



Geophysical Studies of the Las Vegas Urban Corridor  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geophysical Studies of the Las Vegas Urban Corridor Area are part of an integrated effort to "geologically characterize the seismic hazards, water resources, and crustal structure of this rapidly growing urban corridor" by the USGS. The informational Web site contains a gravity map of the Las Vegas region, an aeromagnetic map, and a publications link with a list of over a dozen references. Seven of these publications are freely available for download with titles such as "Aeromagnetic Survey of the Amargosa Desert," "Nevada and California: A Tool for Understanding Near-Surface Geology," and Hydrology and Principal Facts for Gravity Stations in the Vicinity of Coyote Spring Valley, Nevada, with Initial Gravity Modeling Results." An interesting collection of unique resources, the site should be of interest to professionals in a wide variety of fields.



Las líneas de aluminio neutro como diagnóstico cromosférico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Se presenta un modelo atómico para el cálculo de las lí neas del Aluminio neutro que se forman en la cromósfera solar. En particular, se estudia la línea ? 3961 Å, que, por estar muy próxima a la lí nea H del Ca II y a H? es muy frecuentemente observada. Observaciones en esta lí nea obtenidas con el espectrógrafo a instalarse en el CASLEO, serán utilizadas para el estudio de fulguraciones solares.

Fernández Borda, R.; Mauas, P. J. D.


Performance of LAS-CDMA system using smart antenna  

Microsoft Academic Search

The choice of CDMA spreading sequences predetermines the properties of the system. The properties of large area synchronous (LAS) CDMA system have been demonstrated an interference free window (IFW) compared to traditional CDMA systems. This IFW property, however, has a limited delay-offset range. It is not always possible that all the channel-induced multipath delay spread components arrives within IFW delay-offset

C. K. Ng; B. M. Ali; S. Khatun; S. S. Jamuar; M. Ismail



Solar hot water system installed at Las Vegas, Nevada  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A solar energy hot water system installed in a motor inn at Las Vegas, Nevada is described. The inn is a three story building with a flat roof for installation of the solar panels. The system consists of 1,200 square feet of liquid flat plate collectors, a 2,500 gallon insulated vertical steel storage tank, two heat exchangers, and pumps and controls. The system was designed to supply approximately 74 percent of the total hot water load.



La commission internationale de lutte biologique, son organisation, son fonctionnement, son rôle dans le développement de la taxonomie des insectes  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Summary  While the problems of biological control have been studied in the Anglosaxon countries for almost a century, continental Europe\\u000a has stayed behind in this scientific field.\\u000a \\u000a To improve this situation, the ?Commission Internationale de Lutte Biologique (C.I.L.B.)? has been founded under the auspices\\u000a of the International Union of Biological Sciences (I.U.B.S.) in 1950.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Many difficulties had to be overcome at

P. Bovey



Source Water Assessment for the Las Vegas Valley Surface Waters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 1996 amendment to the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974 created the Source Water Assessment Program (SWAP) with an objective to evaluate potential sources of contamination to drinking water intakes. The development of a Source Water Assessment Plan for Las Vegas Valley surface water runoff into Lake Mead is important since it will guide future work on source water protection of the main source of water. The first step was the identification of the watershed boundary and source water protection area. Two protection zones were delineated. Zone A extends 500 ft around water bodies, and Zone B extends 3000 ft from the boundaries of Zone A. These Zones extend upstream to the limits of dry weather flows in the storm channels within the Las Vegas Valley. After the protection areas were identified, the potential sources of contamination in the protection area were inventoried. Field work was conducted to identify possible sources of contamination. A GIS coverage obtained from local data sources was used to identify the septic tank locations. Finally, the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permits were obtained from the State of Nevada, and included in the inventory. After the inventory was completed, a level of risk was assigned to each potential contaminating activity (PCA). The contaminants of concern were grouped into five categories: volatile organic compounds (VOCs), synthetic organic compounds (SOCs), inorganic compounds (IOCs), microbiological, and radionuclides. The vulnerability of the water intake to each of the PCAs was assigned based on these five categories, and also on three other factors: the physical barrier effectiveness, the risk potential, and the time of travel. The vulnerability analysis shows that the PCAs with the highest vulnerability rating include septic systems, golf courses/parks, storm channels, gas stations, auto repair shops, construction, and the wastewater treatment plant discharges. Based on the current water quality data (prior to treatment), the proximity of Las Vegas Wash to the intake, and the results of the vulnerability analysis of potential contaminating activities, it is determined that the drinking water intake is at a Moderate level of risk for VOC, SOC, and microbiological contaminants. The drinking water intake is at a High level of risk for IOC contaminants. Vulnerability to radiological contamination is Moderate. Source water protection in the Las Vegas Valley is strongly encouraged because of the documented influence of the Las Vegas Wash on the quality of the water at the intake.

Albuquerque, S. P.; Piechota, T. C.



Instantánea de los cánceres de hígado y de las vías biliares

Información sobre las tendencias de incidencia, mortalidad y financiamiento del NCI sobre los cánceres de hígado y de las vías biliares; así como ejemplos de actividades del NCI y adelantos en la investigación de estos tipos de cáncer.


Landsat-D Assessment System Library Computer Compatible Tape (Laslib-Cct/Las-Cct).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The format for computer compatible tapes containing thematic mapper archival data and product data generated by the LANDSAT-D Assessment System (LAS). These data tapes are engineering products developed primarily for LAS internal use to assist in the earl...



Türkiye'de Tüberkülozun Son Durumu  

Microsoft Academic Search

Girifl Tarihin en eski hastal›klar›ndan birisi olan tüberküloz bugün dünyada hâlâ hayat› tehdit eden bir hastal›k olarak varl›¤›n› sürdür- mektedir. Dünya Sal›k Örgütü (WHO) ile Tüberküloz ve Akcier Hastal›klar› ile Savafl›m Birlii (IUATLD)'nin 1990 araflt›rma so- nuçlar›na göre, 1.7 milyar kifli Mycobacterium tuberculosis ile in- fekte iken, 1994'te infekte kifli say›s› 1.9 milyar olarak bildirilmifl- tir ve WHO, 2005'te dünyada

Meltem Uzun


[The son of man. Freud's Oedipus myth].  


In formulating his psychology of the unconscious, Freud makes constant reference to Sophocles' version of the Oedipus myth. The author provides detailed proof of the fundamental differences between the two versions, demonstrating that Freud's interpretation does violence to the source. Bollack marshals impressive evidence to substantiate his contention that from the early letters to Fliess all the way up to Moses and Monotheism Freud's sole concern was to point up the ubiquitous power of the unconscious (incestual desire, patricide) within the "holy" (nuclear) family, whereas Sophocles was preoccupied with an entirely different problem. In Bollack's view, Oedipus rex is the drama of the self-destruction of a royal family, a drama in which incest and murder have no very essential significance. Freud, by contrast, set out to de-mystify the fate that dogs the royal family from one generation to the next and to naturalise it into a form of unconscious behaviour--a tendency which Bollack sees as deriving from the tradition of the "drama of destiny", a genre prevalent in the 19th century. PMID:8362077

Bollack, J



Preferential parental investment in daughters over sons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Female-biased parental investment is unusual but not unknown in human societies. Relevant explanatory models include Fisher’s\\u000a principle, the Trivers-Willard model, local mate and resource competition and enhancement, and economic rational actor models.\\u000a Possible evidence of female-biased parental investment includes sex ratios, mortality rates, parents’ stated preferences for\\u000a offspring of one sex, and direct and indirect measurements of actual parental behavior.

Lee Cronk



Mexican Americans: Sons of the Southwest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concerned with the Mexican Americans, who constitute the largest ethnic group in the southwestern United States, this book traces the history of these people from the early explorations and colonizing efforts of the Spanish in North and South America during the 16th century to the present. Major divisions of this book are the Introduction,…

Lamb, Ruth S.


Will Integration Hurt My Black Son's Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In integrated schools, the educational system is slow to encourage black youngsters to participate at all levels of school life. Black participation is also inhibited by an insidious peer pressure and immature code of racial pride that defines blackness in terms that often exclude excellence in efforts beyond music, dance, and sports. (PS)

Latimer, Leah Y.



Percepción de las redes sociales en la escuela: colegio Felipe Palazon (Tarija – Bolivia)  

Microsoft Academic Search

No hay duda que desde hace mucho las tecnologías de la información y comunicación, asi como internet, tienen un crecimiento exponencial sin límites en todo el mundo, por las múltiples aplicaciones, y aporte en todos los ámbitos profesionales, lo mismo ocurre con el fenómeno de las redes sociales. En Bolivia y, específicamente en la ciudad de Tarija, siguen esta tendencia;

Carmelo Branimir España Villegas



Los medios de comunicación y las violaciones de los derechos humanos en el área de conflicto  

Microsoft Academic Search

La autora, que actualmente es una refugiada política en Austria, relata su trabajo como periodista palestina en las áreas conflictivas de Israel. Sus experiencias revelan las violaciones de Derechos Humanos y el genocidio cometido por las fuerzas armadas israelíes. Este artículo no sólo condena al estado de Israel sino que también cuestiona la falta de compromiso de los Estados Unidos

Kawther Salam



Language Assessment Scales, LAS I, for Grades K-5, English/Spanish. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language Assessment Scales, LAS I, are designed for children in grades K-5. LAS I accommodates ethnic and linguistic differences and provides direct language activities taken from the popular culture of both English- and Spanish-speaking peoples. LAS I consists of two independent tests, one in English and the other in Spanish, presented largely on…

De Avila, Edward A.; Duncan, Sharon E.


La donación cadavérica y su repercusión en las familias donantes mexicanas  

Microsoft Academic Search

La muerte encefálica se asocia a donación de órganos. Sin embargo, las distintas repercusiones que este proceso tiene en las familias donantes no han sido bien estudiadas1. Por otro lado, tampoco sabemos hasta donde el diagnóstico de muerte encefálica es bien comprendido por los afectados. Por tal motivo desarrollamos este trabajo cuyo objetivo principal es censar las distintas afecciones que

Cruz Netza Cardoso; M. de la Luz Casas Martínez; Hugo Ramírez García




Microsoft Academic Search

El trabajo evalúa el estado de las prácticas de gobierno corporativo en las empresas que negocian acciones ordinarias en la Bolsa de Colombia. Esta tarea se lleva a cabo mediante la construcción de un Índice de Gobierno Corporativo construido con información pública. Por otra parte se mide el impacto que las buenas prácticas de gobierno corporativo tienen sobre la relación

Andrés Langebaek; Jaime Eduardo Ortíz



Los hechos regionales, base para las estructuras de gobierno en la ciudad-región de Medellín  

Microsoft Academic Search

La fusión urbana de los municipios del Área Metropolitana de Medellín, asociada al mejoramiento de las infraestructuras que la conectan con el oriente y occidente cercanos, han cambiado la realidad urbana, regional, social y económica. Sin embargo, las respuestas públicas a los fenómenos de la conurbación y a las dinámicas campo-ciudad siguen siendo respuestas municipalistas y fuertemente determinadas por la

Luis Fernando Agudelo Henao



Reflexiones sobre el buen gobierno corporativo en las empresas periodõ ´sticas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen: El interes por el gobierno corporativo en las empresas informativas no es un tema nuevo, pero ha adquirido singular relevancia en los ultimos anos, como resultado de las transformaciones que se han vivido en los esquemas de propiedad y de gestion de las compan ˜õ ´as. En este artõ ´culo se trata de explicar por quela naturaleza de los

Angel Arrese


William Stanley Jevons: el uso de las probabilidades y el cálculo  

Microsoft Academic Search

En el capítulo tercero de la TPE, Jevons recurre al uso de las probabilidades como un método alternativo para analizar el intercambio de las mercancías. Jevons, decide no continuar con el uso de las probabilidades en los capítulos siguientes; su teoría se bifurca imperando el uso del cálculo diferencial. La explicación de esta bifurcación radica en la existencia de dos

John James Mora



Las certificaciones ISO 9001\\/2000 e ISO 14001\\/96 en Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Las certificaciones en sistemas de gestión de la calidad NTC ISO 9001\\/2000 y sistemas de gestión ambiental NTC ISO 14001\\/96, se han convertido en una prioridad para muchas organizaciones por las exigencias del mercado. Se presentan los resultados de un análisis cuantitativo de las empresas públicas y privadas del país que han optado por la certificación en sistemas de gestión

Clara Inés Pardo Martínez



Precisión de las velocidades radiales obtenidas con el REOSC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Complementando una línea de trabajo iniciada con anterioridad discutimos la estabilidad del espectrógrafo REOSC de CASLEO en DC para la medición de velocidades radiales en base al análisis de observaciones realizadas en enero y abril de 1997. En esas oportunidades obtuvimos 26 espectros de estrellas patrones y 27 espectros de 3 estrellas usadas como estrellas de referencia en nuestro programa de cúmulos abiertos. Además tomamos 26 espectros de crepúsculo con el telescopio en posiciones cubriendo el rango H=-4,+4 y ? =-90,+30. Mediante correlaciones cruzadas derivamos la velocidad de 19 órdenes en cada uno de estos espectros. En base a un análisis estadístico de los datos obtenidos discutimos la contribución de los distintos factores que afectan a la dispersión de lectura observada. En particular, la flexión del instrumento no introduciría errores significativos cuando se observa con masas de aire menores que 2.0. La dispersión de los valores de velocidad medidos para espectros de alta relación S/N de una misma estrella resultó del orden de 0.5 km/s. La comparación con los valores de velocidad publicados por distintos autores para las estrellas patrones no permite distinguir ninguna diferencia sistemática apreciable de las velocidades de CASLEO, siendo la media cuadrática de los residuos del orden de 1.0 km/s.

González, J. F.; Lapasset, E.


El Gobierno de las Entidades no Lucrativas. Evidencia emp¡rica para las Organizaciones no Gubernamentales de Cooperaci¢n al Desarrollo Espa¤olas  

Microsoft Academic Search

La ausencia de derechos residuales en las entidades no lucrativas (non profit) singulariza el problema de gobierno tradicionalmente estudiado. En este contexto, el objetivo de este trabajo es verificar la existencia y relevancia de los mecanismos de control para evitar la expropiaci¢n de recursos por parte de los directivos e incrementar la eficiencia en una muestra representativa de las Organizaciones



Revision curricular a partir de un analisis comparativo de las discrepancias en los curriculos de una escuela de optometria en Puerto Rico con las competencias requeridas para las agencias de revalida y acreditacion 2004  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

El proposito de esta investigacion, un estudio cualitativo de caso, fue comparar y contrastar el curriculo vigente de la Escuela de Optometria de la UIAPR con las competencias y estandares requeridos por las agencias de acreditacion y de revalida. Con este proposito, decidimos realizar una revision y un analisis de documentos: el prontuario de cada uno de los cursos de los curriculos implantados en el 1993 y en el 2001; las competencias y estandares establecidos por las agencias de revalida y de acreditacion; y las estadisticas en las que se analiza el porcentaje de estudiantes que aprueban cada una de las partes de los examenes de revalida entre el 1998 al 2003. Se realizaron entrevistas dirigidas para dar apoyo y complementar la revision y el analisis de estos documentos. Los participantes de las entrevistas fueron tres estudiantes de la clase de optometria del 2004 (ultima clase del curriculo del 1993); tres estudiantes de la clase de optometria del 2005 (primera clase graduanda del curriculo vigente) y tres profesores y/o directores de los Departamentos de Ciencias Basicas, Ciencias Clinicas y Cuidado al Paciente. Esta investigacion se enmarco en el modelo de evaluacion curricular de discrepancia de Malcolm Provus y en el modelo de desarrollo basado en competencias. Uno de los hallazgos mas importantes del estudio es que los cambios que se implantaron al curriculo del 2001 no han logrado que los estudiantes mejoren su ejecucion en los examenes de revalida. Por otro lado, se encontro que el curriculo vigente atiende completamente los estandares de la practica de Optometria, pero no las competencias. Esta informacion fue validada mediante el uso de una tabla de cotejo para el analisis de los cursos y de la informacion obtenida de las entrevistas. El estudio determina y concluye que existen discrepancias entre los prontuarios de los cursos del curriculo y las competencias requeridas por la agencia de revalida. Segundo, que el Departamento de Ciencias Basicas es el que presenta mas deficiencias en el desarrollo de las competencias. El investigador recomienda disenar e implantar un curriculo basado en competencias y proveer formacion en didactica y procesos de aprendizaje a los profesores.

Rivera Pacheco, Andres


Sloan Digital Sky Survey Infrastructure Preparations at Las Campanas Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sloan Digital Sky Survey, conducted on the Sloan Foundation Telescope at Apache Point Observatory for the last 15 years, is embarking on a dual hemisphere survey. This next iteration of the survey, termed SDSS-IV, will conduct a portion of the galactic evolution experiment APOGEE in Chile on the du Pont Telescope at the Las Campanas Observatory; critical portions of the Galaxy are best or only accessible in southern skies. The infrastructure for the southern survey will be derived from the mature and productive systems at APO, while the concept of operations will significantly depart from the established SDSS model. Presented herein are the elements that comprise the LCO infrastructure and the rationale for the envisioned survey operations.

Hearty, Frederick R.; Wilson, J. C.; Majewski, S. R.; Leger, F.; Harding, P.; Parejko, J. K.; Roman, A.; Ebelke, G.; SDSS-IV; APOGEE-1/2



Proteus aircraft low-level flyby at Las Cruces Airport.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The unique Proteus aircraft served as a test bed for NASA-sponsored flight tests designed to validate collision-avoidance technologies proposed for uninhabited aircraft. The tests, flown over southern New Mexico in March, 2002, used the Proteus as a surrogate uninhabited aerial vehicle (UAV) while three other aircraft flew toward the Proteus from various angles on simulated collision courses. Radio-based 'detect, see and avoid' equipment on the Proteus successfully detected the other aircraft and relayed that information to a remote pilot on the ground at Las Cruces Airport. The pilot then transmitted commands to the Proteus to maneuver it away from the potential collisions. The flight demonstration, sponsored by NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, New Mexico State University, Scaled Composites, the U.S. Navy and Modern Technology Solutions, Inc., were intended to demonstrate that UAVs can be flown safely and compatibly in the same skies as piloted aircraft.



Gobierno y eficiencia de las cajas de ahorro espa¤olas  

Microsoft Academic Search

El presente trabajo analiza la relaci¢n existente entre la composici¢n y estructura de los ¢rganos de gobierno de las cajas de ahorros espa¤olas y su eficiencia en el a¤o 1999. Utilizando ecuaciones tobit los resultados del estudio constatan la existencia de una relaci¢n negativa entre la participaci¢n de las administraciones p£blicas en el consejo de administraci¢n de las cajas y



City of Las Vegas Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Demonstration Program  

SciTech Connect

The City of Las Vegas was awarded Department of Energy (DOE) project funding in 2009, for the City of Las Vegas Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Demonstration Program. This project allowed the City of Las Vegas to purchase electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and associated electric vehicle charging infrastructure. The City anticipated the electric vehicles having lower overall operating costs and emissions similar to traditional and hybrid vehicles.




Comportamiento del Helio en estrellas químicamente peculiares  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Las estrellas químicamente peculiares (CP) se caracterizan por tener deficiencias y sobreabundancias de algunos elementos químicos de hasta 106 veces la abundancia solar. Además presentan variaciones en las líneas espectrales. Se piensa que ello se debe a que los campos magnéticos presentes en este tipo de estrellas son principalmente dipolares, con un eje de simetría diferente del eje de rotación. La distribución de los elementos sobreabundantes y deficientes no es homogénea sobre la superficie estelar y las variaciones observadas serían una consecuencia directa de la rotación estelar. Entre los elementos con abundancia anómala se encuentra el Helio, cuyas líneas tienen intensidades que no son consistentes con una abundancia normal, que no puede ser determinada del modo usual, o sea, considerando una atmósfera con composición solar. Con el fin de determinar la abundancia de este elemento, se inició un estudio de estrellas anómalas de Helio, Hew y He strong. Además se determinarán las abundancias de otros elementos anómalos como ser el Si, Cr, Mg, Mn y Fe. Las mismas se determinan del modo tradicional, o sea: a) medida de los anchos equivalentes de las líneas de los distintos elementos analizados; b) adopción de la temperatura efectiva, gravedad y abundancia del Helio; c) cálculo del modelo de atmósfera d) comparación con las observaciones y reinicio de un proceso iterativo hasta lograr un acuerdo entre todos los parámetros analizados. Las observaciones se llevaron a cabo en el Complejo Astronómico El Leoncito. Se observaron setenta y ocho estrellas anómalas de Helio. En este momento se está procediendo a calcular las abundancias correspondientes a los distintos elementos químicos. Para ello se hace uso de los modelos de Kurucz, ATLAS9. Los cálculos NLTE de las líneas de Helio se llevan a cabo con el programa MULTI y se compararán con los realizados con el programa WIDTH9 de Kurucz (LTE), con el objeto de resaltar la importancia de los efectos NLTE.

Malaroda, S. M.; López García, Z.; Leone, F.; Catalano, F.


La Transpiración - Movimiento del Agua a Través de las Plantas  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

La transpiración es la pérdida de agua en forma de vapor por las plantas. El agua es absorbida del suelo por las raíces y transportada en forma líquida por el xilema hacia las hojas. En las hojas, unos pequeños poros permiten que el agua (H2O) escape a la atmósfera en forma de vapor, al tiempo que se permite la entrada de bióxido de carbono (CO2) para la fotosíntesis. De toda el agua absorbida por las plantas, menos del 5% es retenida y utilizada para crecimiento y almacenamiento. En esta lección se explicará porque las plantas pierden tanta agua, la ruta que ésta sigue dentro de la planta, como pudieran las plantas controlar la pérdida excesiva de agua y como las condiciones ambientales influyen en la pérdida de agua por las plantas.


QsIA disrupts LasR dimerization in antiactivation of bacterial quorum sensing  

PubMed Central

The human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa coordinates the expression of virulence factors by using quorum sensing (QS), a signaling cascade triggered by the QS signal molecule and its receptor, a member of the LuxR family of QS transcriptional factors (LasR). The QS threshold and response in P. aeruginosa is defined by a QS LasR-specific antiactivator (QslA), which binds to LasR and prevents it from binding to its target promoter. However, how QslA binds to LasR and regulates its DNA binding activity in QS remains elusive. Here we report the crystal structure of QslA in complex with the N-terminal ligand binding domain of LasR. QsIA exists as a functional dimer to interact with the LasR ligand binding domain. Further analysis shows that QsIA binding occupies the LasR dimerization interface and consequently disrupts LasR dimerization, thereby preventing LasR from binding to its target DNA and disturbing normal QS. Our findings provide a structural model for understanding the QslA-mediated antiactivation mechanism in QS through protein–protein interaction.

Fan, Hui; Dong, Yihu; Wu, Donghui; Bowler, Matthew W.; Zhang, Lianhui; Song, Haiwei



Las políticas públicas de fomento del reciclaje: La regeneración de aceites usados  

Microsoft Academic Search

Los aceites usados son un residuo peligroso del que pueden derivarse graves daños medioambientales si su gestión es inadecuada; al mismo tiempo, tienen un indudable valor económico, ya que conservan gran parte de los hidrocarburos que los lubricantes contenían originalmente. La gestión de los aceites usados ofrece distintas alternativas, dirigidas principalmente al reciclaje, siendo de destacar la combustión y la

Asunción Arner Güerre; Ramón Barberán Ortí; Jesús Mur Lacambra



Optimization of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) degradation in UASB reactors by varying bioavailability of LAS, hydraulic retention time and specific organic load rate.  


Degradation of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) in UASB reactors was optimized by varying the bioavailability of LAS based on the concentration of biomass in the system (1.3-16 g TS/L), the hydraulic retention time (HRT), which was operated at 6, 35 or 80 h, and the concentration of co-substrates as specific organic loading rates (SOLR) ranging from 0.03-0.18 g COD/g TVS.d. The highest degradation rate of LAS (76%) was related to the lowest SOLR (0.03 g COD/g TVS.d). Variation of the HRT between 6 and 80 h resulted in degradation rates of LAS ranging from 18% to 55%. Variation in the bioavailability of LAS resulted in discrete changes in the degradation rates (ranging from 37-53%). According to the DGGE profiles, the archaeal communities exhibited greater changes than the bacterial communities, especially in biomass samples that were obtained from the phase separator. The parameters that exhibited more influence on LAS degradation were the SOLR followed by the HRT. PMID:23196232

Okada, Dagoberto Y; Delforno, Tiago P; Esteves, Andressa S; Sakamoto, Isabel K; Duarte, Iolanda C S; Varesche, Maria B A



Evidence for Filamentarity in the Las Campanas Redshift Survey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We apply Shapefinders, statistical measures of ``shape'' constructed from two-dimensional partial Minkowski functionals, to study the degree of filamentarity in the Las Campanas Redshift Survey (LCRS). In two dimensions, three Minkowski functionals characterize the morphology of an object; these are its perimeter (L), area (S), and genus. Out of L and S a single dimensionless Shapefinder statistic, \\Fscr, can be constructed (0<=\\Fscr<=1). The statistic \\Fscr acquires extreme values on a circle (\\Fscr=0) and a filament (\\Fscr=1). Using \\Fscr, we quantify the extent of filamentarity in the LCRS by comparing our results with a Poisson distribution having similar geometrical properties and the same selection function as the survey. Our results unambiguously demonstrate that the LCRS displays a high degree of filamentarity in both the northern and southern Galactic sections, in general agreement with the visual appearance of the catalog. It is well known that gravitational clustering from Gaussian initial conditions gives rise to the development of non-Gaussianity, reflected in the formation of a network-like filamentary structure on supercluster scales. Consequently, the fact that the smoothed LCRS catalog shows properties consistent with those of a Gaussian random field,whereas the unsmoothed catalog demonstrates the presence of filamentarity, lends strong support to the conjecture that the large-scale clustering of galaxies is driven by gravitational instability.

Bharadwaj, Somnath; Sahni, Varun; Sathyaprakash, B. S.; Shandarin, Sergei F.; Yess, Capp



The T dwarf population in the UKIDSS LAS .  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the most recent results from the UKIDSS Large Area Survey (LAS) census and follow up of new T brown dwarfs in the local field. The new brown dwarf candidates are identified using optical and infrared survey photometry (UKIDSS and SDSS) and followed up with narrow band methane photometry (TNG) and spectroscopy (Gemini and Subaru) to confirm their brown dwarf nature. Employing this procedure we have discovered several dozens of new T brown dwarfs in the field. Using methane differential photometry as a proxy for spectral type for T brown dwarfs has proved to be a very efficient technique. This method can be useful in the future to reliably identify brown dwarfs in deep surveys that produce large samples of faint targets where spectroscopy is not feasible for all candidates. With this statistical robust sample of the mid and late T brown dwarf field population we were also able to address the discrepancies between the observed field space density and the expected values given the most accepted forms of the IMF of young clusters.

Cardoso, C. V.; Burningham, B.; Smith, L.; Smart, R.; Pinfield, D.; Magazzù, A.; Ghinassi, F.; Lattanzi, M.


Las clases medias republicanas en el franquismo: represión y control social  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este artículo se realiza una aproximación a las fases y diferentes formas de represión que sufrieron las personas de militancia republicana en los anos de la Guerra Civil. El trabajo se divide en tres partes. En la primera se trata de explicar, desde una perspectiva histórica, la vinculación entre clases medias y republicanismo. La segunda se centra especialmente en

Alicia Alted Vigil



Mejoramiento de la gestión logística de las empresas afi liadas a Acoplásticos: diagnóstico y recomendaciones  

Microsoft Academic Search

El artículo presenta los resultados, diagnóstico, conclusiones y recomendaciones correspondientes a la investigación sobre las principales actividades logísticas de las empresas afi liadas a Acoplásticos, con énfasis en el sector de empaques y envases. Se realizó un estudio durante cerca de 10 meses, aprobado por la Asociación Colombiana de Industrias Plásticas (Acoplásticos) y con el apoyo fi nanciero de la

Fabio Novoa Rojas; Pilar Sepúlveda Calderón



Aspectos macroeconómicos de las utilidades por compraventa de divisas de la cuenta especial de cambios  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este trabajo persigue dos objetivos. En primer lugar, se discute el origen de las utilidades por compraventa de divisas (UCVD) de la Cuenta Especial de Cambios (CEC) y la naturaleza de su trabajo al gobierno. En segundo término, se analizan los efectos macroeconómicos de la utilización de los recursos de las UCVD para la financiación del déficit del gobierno, haciendo

Armando Montenegro



La regulación de los órganos de gobierno de las cajas de ahorros: consideraciones electorales  

Microsoft Academic Search

El presente trabajo supone un avance en la resolución de los problemas de elección social y reparto proporcional de las cajas de ahorros españolas. La regulación estatal y regional relativa a estas instituciones no resuelve adecuadamente los problemas en las elecciones a representantes a los órganos rectores de dichas entidades financieras. La elección de un método para un problema de

Santiago Carbó Valverde; Antonio Palomares Bautista; Victoriano Ramírez González



Analysis of Large Area Synchronous Code-Division Multiple Access (LAS- CDMA).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Large area synchronous code-division multiple access (LAS-CDMA) is a proposed fourth generation cellular standard. Similar to cdma2000, the distinguishing feature of LAS-CDMA is the new set of spreading codes used to separate users in the wireless channel...

S. A. Brooks



La Noche de las Brujas Module. Nivel Primario. [The Night of the Witches Module. Primary Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

La Noche de las Brujas (Halloween) is the topic of this primary level unit. The objectives are to enable the child to: (1) draw scenery, using his imagination, about witches, castles, and devils; (2) write compositions on witches, devils, and Halloween; (3) explain the story "La Noche de las Brujas"; (4) tell about any adventures or incidents he…

Espinoza, Delia


Problem-Solving in Las Vegas: Students Are Building Skills and a Global Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project initiated at Silverado High School in Las Vegas, where students from Las Vegas and schools across the United States monitor the levels of radon in the atmosphere. Enables students to learn first hand about the collection, analysis, and interpretation of scientific data and to network with other students from the United States…

Budd, Gregory; Curry, Don



La historia de los servicios públicos en las ciudades gallegas: un programa de investigación  

Microsoft Academic Search

El trabajo expone los objetivos y los resultados de un programa de investigación desarrollado desde hace una década en el seno de la Universidade da Coruña, en el que se analiza la implantación y desarrollo de los principales servicios públicos en las ciudades gallegas, desde una perspectiva histórica. Se parte de la constatación de la creciente importancia atribuida a las

Alberte Martínez López; Jesús Mirás Araujo



Reflexiones sobre el sistema y las políticas de innovación del País Vasco  

Microsoft Academic Search

El primer capítulo de este documento compara el sistema de innovación vasco con el de otros países avanzados, basándose para ello en las estadísticas de I+D y en el indicador europeo de innovación (EIS). En segundo lugar, el sistema vasco se compara con el de otras regiones, basándose en las tipologías de regiones europeas y españolas elaboradas por el autor,

Mikel Navarro


Formación de clases de equivalencia aplicadas al aprendizaje de las notas musicales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Se llevaron a cabo tres experimentos de formación y ampliación de clases de equivalencia. En el pri- mero de ellos, con niños de 4-6 años de media como participantes, y aplicando la lógica de las clases de equivalencia al aprendizaje de los símbolos y sonidos musicales, se adquirieron las relaciones ne- cesarias para formar tres clases de equivalencia (do, mi,

Andrés García García; Cristóbal Bohórquez Zayas; Teresa Gutiérrez Domínguez



EPA Science Inventory

The eutrophication potential of Lake Mead, with primary emphasis on Las Vegas Bay, was determined with Selenastrum capricornutum. Nutrient limitation profiles were determined for three sampling stations in Las Vegas Bay and one in Boulder Basin. After heavy metals were chelated w...


Robots in Las Vegas: Demos and International Agency Panel Highlight NSF Robotics Workshop  

NSF Publications Database

... Oct. 26, 12:00 p.m. - 1:30 p.m. International panel: Oct. 26, 1:30 p.m. - 3:00 p.m. IROS 2003 ... 9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. Where: Pacific Ballroom and Las Vegas Ballroom Bally's Hotel 3645 Las Vegas ...



EPA Science Inventory

Sodium Perchlorate and ammonium Perchlorate, major components of solid rocket fuel, have been manufactured in the Las Vegas Valley immediately up gradient from the Las Vegas Wash, since 1945 and 1956, respectively. Measurements of emerging ground water quality in the vici...


Managing Floods and Resources at the Arroyo Las Positas  

SciTech Connect

Engineers and water resource professionals are challenged with protecting facilities from flood events within environmental resource protection, regulatory, and economic constraints. One case in point is the Arroyo Las Positas (ALP), an intermittent stream that traverses the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in Livermore, California. Increased runoff from post-drought rainfall, upstream development, and new perennial discharges from LLNL activities have resulted in increased dry weather flows and wetland vegetation. These new conditions have recently begun to provide improved habitat for the federally threatened California red-legged frog (Rana aurora draytonii; CRLF), but the additional vegetation diminishes the channel's drainage capacity and increases flood risk. When LLNL proposed to re-grade the channel to reestablish the 100-year flood capacity, traditional dredging practices were no longer being advocated by environmental regulatory agencies. LLNL therefore designed a desilting maintenance plan to protect LLNL facility areas from flooding, while minimizing impacts to wetland resources and habitat. The result was a combination of structural upland improvements and the ALP Five Year Maintenance Plan (Maintenance Plan), which includes phased desilting in segments so that the entire ALP is desilted after five years. A unique feature of the Maintenance Plan is the variable length of the segments designed to minimize LLNL's impact on CRLF movement. State and federal permits also added monitoring requirements and additional constraints on desilting activities. Two years into the Maintenance Plan, LLNL is examining the lessons learned on the cost-effectiveness of these maintenance measures and restrictions and reevaluating the direction of future maintenance activities.

Sanchez, L; Van Hattem, M; Mathews, S



Kinetic Model for Signal Binding to the Quorum Sensing Regulator LasR  

PubMed Central

We propose a kinetic model for the activation of the las regulon in the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The model is based on in vitro data and accounts for the LasR dimerization and consecutive activation by binding of two OdDHL signal molecules. Experimentally, the production of the active LasR quorum-sensing regulator was studied in an Escherichia coli background as a function of signal molecule concentration. The functional activity of the regulator was monitored via a GFP reporter fusion to lasB expressed from the native lasB promoter. The new data shows that the active form of the LasR dimer binds two signal molecules cooperatively and that the timescale for reaching saturation is independent of the signal molecule concentration. This favors a picture where the dimerized regulator is protected against proteases and remains protected as it is activated through binding of two successive signal molecules. In absence of signal molecules, the dimerized regulator can dissociate and degrade through proteolytic turnover of the monomer. This resolves the apparent contradiction between our data and recent reports that the fully protected dimer is able to “degrade” when the induction of LasR ceases.

Claussen, Anetta; Jakobsen, Tim Holm; Bjarnsholt, Thomas; Givskov, Michael; Welch, Martin; Ferkinghoff-Borg, Jesper; Sams, Thomas



[Effect of LAS on physico-chemical properties and microorganism activity in soil environment].  


Using a well drained paddy soil and the derived soil under vegetables in the Taihu Lake region, China, experiments of soil capillary rise, colloid dispersion and adsorption of toxic organics and heavy metals by soil under various degrees of LAS addition were conducted. Also incubation experiments of microorganism activity in soil with added LAS in different concentrations were carried out in laboratory. LAS addition resulted in lower capillary rise of soil solution, higher dispersion of soil colloids and lower capacity of soil for organic pollutants but no significant influence on adsorption of heavy metal cations. The nitrification and amonification in soil were very sensitive to LAS stress while denitrification turned to be stimulated. LAS addition gave stronger growth of soil bacteria while decreased growth of fungus. Meanwhile, soil respiration was stimulated in the first week of incubation and compressed afterwards by LAS at concentration over 5 mg/kg. It seemed that some species of microorganisms were tolerant of LAS in the studied soils. PMID:11382044

Pan, G; Han, Y



The La 2S 3-LaS 2 system: Thermodynamic and kinetic study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A detailed thermodynamic study of the LaS 2-La 2S 3 system in the temperature range 350-1000 °C was performed, starting from high quality crystals LaS 2 as the highest polysulfide in the system, and using a sensitive static tensimetric method with a quartz Bourdon gauge and a membrane as a null-point instrument. The pS- T- x diagram obtained has shown that the phase region covering the composition between LaS 2 and La 2S 3, which was previously described as a single grossly nonstoichiometric phase, consists of three discrete stoichiometric phases, LaS 2.00, LaS 1.91, and LaS 1.76, where compositions could be determined with an accuracy of ±0.01 f.u. The thermodynamic characteristics of evaporation of the polysulfides as well as standard heat of LaS 2 formation were calculated. The role of kinetics in the formation of ordered superstructures of sulfur-poorer polysulfides with different formal concentration of vacancies is considered.

Vasilyeva, I. G.; Nikolaev, R. E.



Language Assessment Scales, Level 2, LAS II, for Grades 6 and Up, English/Spanish. Examiner's Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language Assessment Scales, Level 2 (LAS II) are used to assess the linguistic proficiency of limited-English-speaking or non-English-speaking adolescents. LAS II, like its predecessor, LAS I, provides a picture of oral linguistic proficiency based on a student's performance across four linguistic subsystems: phonemic, lexical, syntactic and…

Duncan, Sharon E.; De Avila, Edward A.


El efecto de las prácticas de gobierno corporativo sobre la valuación de mercado y políticas de pago de compañías chilenas  

Microsoft Academic Search

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) En este trabajo nos preguntamos si las prácticas de conducción empresarial al nivel de compañía en un país dado inciden o no en la valuación de mercado de esas compañías. Esta cuestión es esencial para poder evaluar los beneficios potenciales que puede reportar a las empresas un cambio de sus prácticas, aún cuando las mismas

Fernando Lefort; Eduardo Walker



La incidencia de las transferencias del gobierno en la distribucion de la renta en Estados Unidos: 1981-2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

El trabajo trata de evaluar la influencia redistributiva que han ejercido las transferencias públicas realizadas bajo las cinco administraciones que han gobernado en EE.UU. en el periodo 1980-2000. Tras repasar la literatura reciente sobre el tema, se definen dos conceptos de Renta Doméstica que permiten distinguir entre los Ingresos Propios y las transferencias aportadas por el gobierno. A continuación, se

E. Palazuelos



Aircraft Accident Report - Las Vegas Airlines Flight 88, Piper PA-31-350, Grand Canyon, Arizona, August 17, 1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On August 17, 1983, Las Vegas Airlines Flight 88, a Piper PA-31-350, N88LV, was being operated as a scheduled Grand Canyon sightseeing flight from Las Vegas, Nevada, to Tusayan, Arizona. Weather conditions precluded the pilot of Las Vegas 88 from flying o...



Routine Diagnostic Venous Ultrasound and LAS for Leg Edema of Unknown Cause  

PubMed Central

Objective: To verify the diagnostic efficiency of venous duplex ultrasound and lymphangioscintigraphy (LAS) in establishing the cause of leg edema and to clarify the pathology of these leg edemas. Materials and Methods: Between April 2009, and March 2010, 62 patients with leg edema of unknown origin were referred to the Edema Clinic of the Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine. All patients underwent a venous duplex ultrasound scan and LAS. Results: Of 62 patients, lymphatic insufficiency, venous insufficiency or both was diagnosed in 42 (68%), and lymphedema, in 29 (47%). Venous duplex ultrasound detected obvious venous disorders in only 13 (21%), and for 20 patients, the ultrasound and LAS did not reveal any abnormalities; however, for 15 of the 20 (24% of all patients), venous edema was attributed to functional causes. Conclusion: Venous duplex ultrasound and LAS assisted in the diagnosis of leg edema of unknown origin and also proved useful in establishing treatment strategies.



Terrestrial risk assessment for linear alkyl benzene sulfonate (LAS) in sludge-amended soils.  


A comparison of the estimated environmental concentration and the effect concentrations (in the laboratory or field) in the receiving compartment form the basis of environmental risk assessments. This paper reviews processes that critically influence the fate of LAS in the terrestrial environment. Concentrations of LAS in sludge are quite high due to sorption to primary sludge, precipitation of Ca and Mg-salts of LAS, and lack of biodegradation under anaerobic digestion. This implies that when sludge is applied to soil e.g. as a fertilizer, considerable amounts of this important surfactant may enter the terrestrial environment. Influence of aerobic situations on LAS concentrations during sludge storage needs further research to allow incorporation into the risk assessment. Aerobic biodegradation in soil is considered the most important removal mechanism of LAS loading to the terrestrial environment through sludge-amendment. Sorption plays a role in determining the residence time of a chemical in the soil, hereby enabling more time for biodegradation to occur. In addition, sorption may affect the expression of effects of surfactants towards benthic and soil dwelling organisms and plants. Another factor that needs further attention is the form of LAS in the environment, which is not similar to the commercial material applied in detergents. The differential sorption and biodegradation of the LAS components lead to a shift in the alkyl chain length (homologue), and phenylisomer distribution towards increased hydrophobicity. Also, occurrence of Ca/Mg-salts in the environment versus the Na-salt for the commercial material critically impacts the extrapolation of effects data obtained in lab studies (mostly performed with the commercial material) to the field. The literature data were used in combination with strategies and methods provided by the European Union Technical Guidance Document in support of risk assessment of new and notified substances (1996) for the prediction of environmental concentrations of LAS entering the soil system through sludge applications. Soil biodegradation is an essential, necessary element for the PEC-calculations of LAS. The initial realistic worst case assessment presented indicates no human health risks exists with indirect exposure to LAS through either food or drinking water. Also, current LAS use does not pose a risk to terrestrial organisms such as plants and invertebrates. PMID:9493328

de Wolf, W; Feijtel, T



Benitez Rojo and Las Casas's Plague of Ants: The Libidinal Versus the Ideological Unconscious  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a recent work, La isla que se repite, Cuban critic Antonio Benítez Rojo rereads one of the digressive “fictions” within Las Casas’s Historia de las Indias, concerning a plague of ants that occurred in the Caribbean islands in 1519–21, and, through the deployment of the key Freudian notion of the uncanny, argues that it rehearses the Spaniard’s deeply entrenched




Microsoft Academic Search

El objeto de la presente investigación es comprobar la influencia de la aplicación de las Normas Internacionales de Información Financiera (NIIF) en la valoración de empresas cuando se aplican metodologías basadas en la información suministrada por la contabilidad. A partir de esta información se han obtenido modelos econométricos de valoración utilizando el análisis factorial y se ha procedido a un

F. García García; I. Moya Clemente



Las elecciones presidenciales y legislativas en México de 2006: Lecciones para la estabilidad democrática y el futuro de las relaciones Chile-México  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este artículo analiza las elecciones presidenciales y parlamentarias realizadas en México en julio de 2006, centrándose en cuatro aspectos principales. Primero, abordamos los aspectos centrales del proceso político mexicano de la última década y la campaña presidencial. Segundo, discutimos los efectos del resultado electoral. Tercero, analizamos el difícil proceso político postelectoral, destacándose como causa explicativa de ellos la actuación del

Ricardo Gamboa Valenzuela; Eduardo Bustos Nájera



Adsorption/desorption of linear alkylbenzenesulfonate (LAS) and azoproteins by/from activated sludge flocs.  


Our study investigated the adsorption/desorption by/from activated sludge flocs, dispersed in river water or in diluted wastewater, of organic compounds (C(11)-LAS, azoalbumin and azocasein) at concentrations relevant to environmental conditions. Activated sludge flocs, used as a model of biological aggregates, are characterized by a very heterogeneous matrix able to sorb the three organic compounds tested at 4 degrees C. The adsorbed amount of C(11)-LAS by activated sludge flocs was higher than that of azocasein or azoalbumin, as shown by the Freundlich parameters (K(ads)=8.6+/-1.7, 1.6+/-0.3 and 0.3+/-0.1 micromol(1-1/n)g(-1)l(1/n) for C(11)-LAS, azocasein and azoalbumin, respectively; n=3 sludges). C(11)-LAS sorption from activated sludge appeared to be partially reversible in river water, while a marked hysteresis phenomenon was observed for azocasein and azoalbumin, implying a low degree of reversibility in their exchange between activated sludge and river water. It has also been displayed that the conductivity variation of bulk water (comprised between 214 and 838 microS cm(-1)) exerted no dramatic effect on the C(11)-LAS desorption from activated sludge flocs, while a little effect of it on azocasein desorption was observed. Thus, biological aggregates as activated sludge flocs can serve as an intermediate carrier for C(11)-LAS, while it represents a sink for proteins. PMID:15950257

Conrad, A; Cadoret, A; Corteel, P; Leroy, P; Block, J-C



Global position analysis of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum-sensing transcription factor LasR  

PubMed Central

Summary In Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing (QS), the transcriptional regulator LasR controls the expression of more than 300 genes. Several of these genes are activated indirectly via a second, subordinate QS regulator, RhlR. Conserved sequence elements upstream of individual other genes have been shown to bind LasR in vitro. To comprehensively identify all regions that are bound by LasR in vivo, we employed chromatin immunoprecipitation in conjunction with microarray analysis. We identified 35 putative promoter regions that direct the expression of up to 74 genes. In vitro DNA binding studies allowed us to distinguish between cooperative and non-cooperative LasR binding sites, and allowed us to build consensus sequences according to the mode of binding. Five promoter regions were not previously recognized as QS-controlled. Two of the associated transcript units encode proteins involved in the cold-shock response and in Psl exopolysaccharide synthesis, respectively. The LasR regulon includes seven genes encoding transcriptional regulators, while secreted factors and secretion machinery are the most overrepresented functional categories overall. This supports the notion that the core function of LasR is to coordinate the production of extracellular factors, although many of its effects on global gene expression are likely mediated indirectly by regulatory genes under its control.

Gilbert, Kerrigan B.; Kim, Tae Hoon; Gupta, Rashmi; Greenberg, E. P.; Schuster, Martin



Monitoring Changes in Channel Morphology in Las Vegas Wash with Global Fiducials Program Imagery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To borrow from a popular adage, "What happens in Las Vegas [Wash], stays in Las Vegas [Wash]"—but only with a lot of help. This past decade has seen a concerted effort to curb erosion and sediment transport along the 12 mile long channel between East Las Vegas and Lake Mead. Las Vegas Wash is prototypical of an urban river in an arid environment that is being impacted by increasing urban development and impervious surface runoff within its drainage area. Rapid urbanization since the 1970s has increased the flow of water into Las Vegas Wash, causing severe channel destabilization. Within two decades millions of cubic yards of rocks and sediment were scoured out of the wash and transported downstream to Lake Mead. The wetlands that once covered over 2,000 acres within Las Vegas Wash dwindled to 200 acres in the 1990s as the channel became as much as 40 feet deeper and 300 feet wider at some points. In 1999 the Las Vegas Wash Coordination Committee (LVWCC) initiated a 20-year plan to construct erosion control structures (weirs) for channel stabilization and rock riprap for stream bank protection. The hope is to design structures that will slow down the water flow, trap sediments, and to eventually restore much of the wetland environment. Using high-resolution satellite imagery from the Global Fiducials Program Library housed at the U. S. Geological Survey, this transition is being tracked from 1999 to the present. From November 1999 to July 2008 new residential and commercial development has claimed an additional 12 square kilometers (3000 acres) of land in Henderson, NV, along the south side of Las Vegas Wash. Even with the increased volume of surface and groundwater runoff entering the wash, current sediment yields are much lower than the 1999 totals. The imagery documents the construction of 14 of the 22 LVWCC planned weirs by the year 2011. It also shows many miles of stream bank stabilization by riprap, planting of riparian vegetation and placing of obstructions in the channel. The replanting of native vegetation on storm debris flats is stabilizing some of the soil in the wash and also rejuvenating much of the wetland habitat. Las Vegas Wash is a test bed for the design and implementation of innovative methods for modifying stream morphology to achieve desirable results, as some of these methods are deemed successful and some are not as effective. The lessons learned about curbing erosion and sediment transport within Las Vegas Wash may be applied to other urban streams in arid environments.

Wheeler, D. J.



Environmental Regulation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 Las and Rhl Quorum-Sensing Systems?  

PubMed Central

The lasI-lasR and the rhlI-rhlR quorum-sensing systems in Pseudomonas aeruginosa regulate the expression of numerous cellular and secreted virulence factor genes and play important roles in the development of biofilms. The las and rhl systems themselves are known to be directly or indirectly regulated by a number of transcriptional regulators, and consequently, their expression is sensitive to environmental conditions. In this report, the activities of these two quorum-sensing systems have been examined systematically under 46 growth conditions, and the regulation by environmental conditions has been investigated. The relative timing and strength of expression of these two systems varied significantly under different conditions, which contrasts with the notion of a preset hierarchy with these two systems in P. aeruginosa. Depending on the growth conditions, the correlation between each synthase and its cognate transcriptional regulator also varied, suggesting that the transcription of these genes independently allows for further fine tuning of each system. Finally, we observe that the activities of both the lasI-lasR and the rhlI-rhlR quorum-sensing systems were dramatically enhanced in the presence of extracts of sputum samples from cystic fibrosis patients.

Duan, Kangmin; Surette, Michael G.



Identification of methyl triclosan and halogenated analogues in male common carp (Cyprinus carpio) from Las Vegas Bay and semipermeable membrane devices from Las Vegas Wash, Nevada  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Methyl triclosan and four halogenated analogues have been identified in extracts of individual whole-body male carp (Cyprinus carpio) tissue that were collected from Las Vegas Bay, Nevada, and Semipermeable Membrane Devices (SPMD) that were deployed in Las Vegas Wash, Nevada. Methyl triclosan is believed to be the microbially methylated product of the antibacterial agent triclosan (2, 4, 4'-trichloro-4-hydroxydiphenyl ether, Chemical Abstract Service Registry Number 3380-34-5, Irgasan DP300). The presence of methyl triclosan and four halogenated analogues was confirmed in SPMD extracts by comparing low- and high-resolution mass spectral data and Kovats retention indices of methyl triclosan with commercially obtained triclosan that was derivatized to the methyl ether with ethereal diazomethane. The four halogenated analogues of methyl triclosan detected in both whole-body tissue and SPMD extracts were tentatively identified by high resolution mass spectrometry. Methyl triclosan was detected in all 29 male common carp from Las Vegas Bay with a mean concentration of 596????g kg- 1 wet weight (ww) which is more than an order of magnitude higher than previously reported concentrations in the literature. The halogenated analogs were detected less frequently (21%-76%) and at much lower concentrations (< 51????g kg- 1 ww). None of these compounds were detected in common carp from a Lake Mead reference site in Overton Arm, Nevada.

Leiker, T. J.; Abney, S. R.; Goodbred, S. L.; Rosen, M. R.



Roles of Pseudomonas aeruginosa las and rhl quorum-sensing systems in control of elastase and rhamnolipid biosynthesis genes.  

PubMed Central

Two quorum-sensing systems (las and rhl) regulate virulence gene expression in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The las system consists of a transcriptional activator, LasR, and LasI, which directs the synthesis of the autoinducer N-(3-oxododecanoyl) homoserine lactone (PAI-1). Induction of lasB (encoding elastase) and other virulence genes requires LasR and PAI-1. The rhl system consists of a putative transcriptional activator, RhlR, and RhlI, which directs the synthesis of N-butyryl homoserine lactone (PAI-2). Rhamnolipid production in P. aeruginosa has been reported to require both the rhl system and rhlAB (encoding a rhamnosyltransferase). Here we report the generation of a delta lasI mutant and both delta lasI delta rhlI and delta lasR rhlR::Tn501 double mutants of strain PAO1. Rhamnolipid production and elastolysis were reduced in the delta lasI single mutant and abolished in the double-mutant strains. rhlAB mRNA was not detected in these strains at mid-logarithmic phase but was abundant in the parental strain. Further RNA analysis of the wild-type strain revealed that rhlAB is organized as an operon. The rhlAB transcriptional start was mapped, and putative sigma 54 and sigma 70 promoters were identified upstream. To define components required for rhlAB expression, we developed a bioassay in Escherichia coli and demonstrated that PAI-2 and RhlR are required and sufficient for expression of rhlA. To characterize the putative interaction between PAI-2 and RhlR, we demonstrated that [3H]PAI-2 binds to E. coli cells expressing RhlR and not to those expressing LasR. Finally, the specificity of the las and rhl systems was examined in E. coli bioassays. The las system was capable of mildly activating rhlA, and similarly, the rhl system partly activated lasB. However; these effects were much less than the activation of rhlA by the rhl system and lasB by the las system. The results presented here further characterize the roles of the rhl and las quorum-sensing systems in virulence gene expression.

Pearson, J P; Pesci, E C; Iglewski, B H



Discovery of LAS101057: A Potent, Selective, and Orally Efficacious A2B Adenosine Receptor Antagonist.  


The structure-activity relationships for a series of pyrazine-based A2B adenosine receptor antagonists are described. From this work, LAS101057 (17), a potent, selective, and orally efficacious A2B receptor antagonist, was identified as a clinical development candidate. LAS101057 inhibits agonist-induced IL-6 production in human fibroblasts and is active in an ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized mouse model after oral administration, reducing airway hyperresponsiveness to methacholine, Th2 cytokine production, and OVA-specific IgE levels. PMID:24900298

Eastwood, Paul; Esteve, Cristina; González, Jacob; Fonquerna, Silvia; Aiguadé, Josep; Carranco, Inés; Doménech, Teresa; Aparici, Mònica; Miralpeix, Montserrat; Albertí, Joan; Córdoba, Mónica; Fernández, Raquel; Pont, Mercè; Godessart, Núria; Prats, Neus; Loza, María Isabel; Cadavid, María Isabel; Nueda, Arsenio; Vidal, Bernat



Discovery of LAS101057: A Potent, Selective, and Orally Efficacious A2B Adenosine Receptor Antagonist  

PubMed Central

The structure?activity relationships for a series of pyrazine-based A2B adenosine receptor antagonists are described. From this work, LAS101057 (17), a potent, selective, and orally efficacious A2B receptor antagonist, was identified as a clinical development candidate. LAS101057 inhibits agonist-induced IL-6 production in human fibroblasts and is active in an ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized mouse model after oral administration, reducing airway hyperresponsiveness to methacholine, Th2 cytokine production, and OVA-specific IgE levels.



After 58 years, an icon on the Las Vegas Strip closes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Las Vegas' Sahara Hotel and Casino closing after more than 58 years Vegas History Nevada: The Boomtown Years Tripping: Implosions Neon Museum that glitters is not gold, and when it comes to the glittering lights of the Vegas Strip, nothing is permanent. This weekend, the Sahara hotel saw its last guests leave as it ended its 58-year run on the Strip. The hotel was the brainchild of one Milton Prell, a former jewelry salesman who ran a bingo parlor in Montana. In 1952, he opened the Sahara, which he envisioned as a "jewel of the desert". The Sahara was the sixth hotel on the Strip, and with its fantastical Congo Room supper club and Casbar Lounge, it was a flourishing part of the "ring-a-ding-ding" 1950s and 1960s scene in Las Vegas. Characters who were part of the Strip's history included legendary entertainers Ray Bolger, Donald O'Connor, and Louis Prime, who performed there for years with his wife, Keely Smith. While plans for the site are in flux, it is hoped that some of the Sahara's iconic neon signs will end up in the nearby Neon Museum.The first link will take visitors to a nice article from this Saturday's Las Vegas Sun about the closing of the Sahara. The second link leads to piece from CNN's blog which also talks about the recent closing of this famed Strip stalwart. The third link will whisk users away to a terrific site from the Las Vegas Sun which chronicles the highs and lows of the Strip's history. Moving on, the fourth link leads to a nice digital collection from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas which documents the boom years of Southern Nevada through images, documents, and other archival items. The fifth link leads to a rather raucous and fun archive of Strip hotel implosions captured for posterity. Finally, the last link leads to the homepage of The Neon Museum in Las Vegas, which celebrates neon culture in all of its glory.

Grinnell, Max



Estudio sobre las dosis de radiación y los riesgos de cáncer causados por la prueba atómica “Trinity” realizada en 1945

El NCI tiene planeado realizar entrevistas en profundidad para determinar cuál era la alimentación característica de las poblaciones indígenas americanas, hispanas (latinas) y chicanas que vivían en New Mexico a mediados de 1940 y utilizar información fácilmente disponible sobre la alimentación y el estilo de vida de las poblaciones blancas. Estas entrevistas representan un paso importante para hacer estimaciones de las dosis de radiación generadas por la prueba Trinity.


Cloning and characterization of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa lasR gene, a transcriptional activator of elastase expression.  

PubMed Central

We report the discovery of the lasR gene, which positively regulates elastase expression in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. The lasR gene was cloned by its ability to restore a positive elastase phenotype in strain PA103, a strain which possesses the elastase structural gene (lasB) but fails to synthesize the enzyme. Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed an open reading frame of 716 nucleotides encoding a protein of approximately 27 kDa. A labeled LasR protein of 27 kDa was detected in Escherichia coli by using a T7 RNA polymerase expression system. A chromosomal deletion mutant of the lasR gene was constructed in PAO1 by gene replacement. This mutant (PAO-R1) is devoid of elastolytic activity and elastase antigen. The deduced amino acid sequence of LasR is 27% homologous to the positive activator LuxR of Vibrio fischeri and the suspected activator 28K-UvrC of E. coli. Northern (RNA) analysis of total cellular RNA from PAO1, PAO-R1, and PAO-R1 containing the lasR gene on a multicopy plasmid (pMG1.7) revealed that a functional lasR gene is required for transcription of the elastase structural gene (lasB). Images

Gambello, M J; Iglewski, B H



Las unidades habitacionales y la vivienda en la ciudad de Morelia: apropiación de los espacios abiertos  

Microsoft Academic Search

La apropiación del espacio libre en las unidades habitacionales, genera conflicto y tensión social, por los habitantes- usuarios que crean y desarrollan una cultura urbana; expresada en sus vivencias, que van de lo individual a lo colectivo, de lo privado a lo público; haciendo de los espacios abiertos un lugar diferente. Los habitantes- usuarios buscan la identificación con su espacio,

Pedro Lina Manjares; Ana Rosa Velasco Ávalos



New 40Ar\\/ 39Ar dates from the Las Tazas complex, northern Chile: Tectonic significance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Atacama Fault Zone is a major Mesozoic structure that trends along the Coastal Batholith of northern Chile. Part of the fault zone underwent a kinematic change from dip-slip to strike-slip displacement during the Early Cretaceous. The Las Tazas complex intruded the fault zone during this change. New analyses of country rock protomylonites from the edge of the complex firmly

Jeff Wilson; R. David Dallmeyer; John Grocott




EPA Science Inventory

The hydrogeologic study of the shallow ground-water zone in Las Vegas Valley, Nevada determined the sources and extent of ground-water contamination to develop management alternatives and minimize adverse effects. An extensive, computerized data base utilizing water analyses, wel...



EPA Science Inventory

Perchlorate ion (CIO4-) has been identified in samples of dormant salt cedar (Tamarix ramosissima) growing in the Las vegas Wash. Perchlorate is an oxidenat, but its reduction is kineticaly hindered. CXoncern over thyrpoid effects caused the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA...


Hydrogeochemical and stream sediment reconnaissance basic data for Las Cruces quadrangle, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect

Field and laboratory data are presented for 501 water samples and 1817 sediment samples from the Las Cruces Quadrangle, New Mexico. The samples were collected and uranium analysis performed by Los Alamos National Laboratory; multielement analysis and data reporting were performed by the Uranium Resource Evaluation Project at Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

Not Available



Temperature trends and Urban Heat Island intensity mapping of the Las Vegas valley area  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modified urban climate regions that are warmer than rural areas at night are referred to as Urban Heat Islands or UHI. Islands of warmer air over a city can be 12 degrees Celsius greater than the surrounding cooler air. The exponential growth in Las Vegas for the last two decades provides an opportunity to detect gradual temperature changes influenced by an increasing presence of urban materials. This thesis compares ground based thermometric observations and satellite based remote sensing temperature observations to identify temperature trends and UHI areas caused by urban development. Analysis of temperature trends between 2000 and 2010 at ground weather stations has revealed a general cooling trend in the Las Vegas region. Results show that urban development accompanied by increased vegetation has a cooling effect in arid climates. Analysis of long term temperature trends at McCarran and Nellis weather stations show 2.4 K and 1.2 K rise in temperature over the last 60 years. The ground weather station temperature data is related to the land surface temperature images from the Landsat Thematic Mapper to estimate and evaluate urban heat island intensity for Las Vegas. Results show that spatial and temporal trends of temperature are related to the gradual change in urban landcover. UHI are mainly observed at the airport and in the industrial areas. This research provides useful insight into the temporal behavior of the Las Vegas area.

Black, Adam Leland



EPA Science Inventory

Estimates of quantity and geographic distribution of recharge to the shallow ground-water zone from water use return flows in Las Vegas Valley were made for the years 1973, 1965, 1958, 1950, and 1943 as part of a broader study on the impact of water and land use on ground-water q...



Microsoft Academic Search

La aproximación que se tendrá en este análisis está enfocada en los aportes que desde la ingeniería electrónica se pueden realizar en la solución de necesidades de las empresas y la sociedad regional, nacional y mundial en desarrollos que ilustren a países en condiciones similares o peores que Colombia, en mostrar que están en capacidades de construir una nueva Economía

Rubén Dario Cardenas Espinosa



Geophysical constraints on the location and geometry of the Las Vegas Shear Zone, Nevada  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We model the basin configuration beneath Las Vegas Valley, Nevada, on the basis of gravity, drillhole, and seismic reflection data. We locate and characterize the various strands of the Las Vegas Valley Shear Zone (LVVSZ) by variations in basin thickness beneath the valley. The pre-Tertiary bedrock surface is complex, with subbasins buried beneath the flat alluvial surface of the valley. We suggest that these basins are formed from transtensional strain. Subbasins elongated N70??W and N50??W are interpreted as strike-slip basins. The deepest subbasin is 5 km west of Frenchman Mountain and strikes N40??E. This basin probably formed by combined movement on nonparallel strands of the LVVZ and an earlier episode of normal faulting. The basin thickness map constrains the minimum depth of the inferred detachment fault beneath Las Vegas Valley to at least 4 km. Seismic reflection data do not image a detachment fault in the upper 10 km beneath Las Vegas Valley. Our results also illustrate the utility of gravity in determining basinal structures and providing a three-dimensional perspective in areas with limited seismic reflection control.

Langenheim, V. E.; Grow, J. A.; Jachens, R. C.; Dixon, G. L.; Miller, J. J.



Evaluating Water Supply and Water Quality Management Options for Las Vegas Valley  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ever increasing population in Las Vegas is generating huge demand for water supply on one hand and need for infrastructure to collect and treat the wastewater on the other hand. Current plans to address water demand include importing water from Muddy and Virgin Rivers and northern counties, desalination of seawater with trade- payoff in California, water banking in Arizona

S. Ahmad



The application of activity-based costing to a support kitchen in a Las Vegas casino  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper aims to examine the activity-based costing (ABC) method as a feasible and appropriate tool for the casino and hotel industry to apply to support kitchens in order to eliminate the monthly allocation of overhead based on variable costs. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data were collected at a support kitchen in a Las Vegas casino. These data were analyzed

Paige Vaughn; Carola Raab; Kathleen B. Nelson




EPA Science Inventory

An objective methodology presented in a companion paper (Liu et al., 1986) for determining the optimum number and disposition of ambient air quality stations in a monitoring network for carbon monoxide is applied to the Las Vegas, Nevada, area. The methodology utilizes an air qua...


Nivelación interterritorial e ineficiencia de las decisiones presupuestarias: reflexiones para el caso español  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este trabajo se estudian los efectos negativos de los esquemas de nivelación horizontal sobre la eficiencia en las elecciones fiscales de los gobiernos regionales. Partiendo de unos resultados teóricos básicos, se examinan los aspectos dinámicos del problema, se ofrece alguna evidencia empírica para el caso español y se presenta una solución que combina los criterios de eficiencia y equidad.

Santiago Lago Peñas



Asymptotic Analysis of the Performance of LAS Algorithm for Large MIMO Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, we reported a low-complexity likelihood ascent search (LAS) detection algorithm for large MIMO systems with tens to hundreds of antennas that can achieve high spectral efficiencies of the order of tens to hundreds of bps\\/Hz. Through simula- tions, we showed that this algorithm achieves increasingly near SISO AWGN perfor- mance for increasing number of antennas. However, no bit error

Saif K. Mohammed; Ananthanarayanan Chockalingam; B. Sundar Rajan



The Development of Child Subjectivity in "La lengua de las mariposas"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jose Luis Cuerda's film "La lengua de las mariposas" is set in rural Galicia in the immediate lead-up to the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War. It portrays the tender relationship between a Republican schoolteacher, Don Gregorio, and a boy named Moncho. Upon the Nationalist capture of the town, the young Moncho hurls stones at his friend, but…

Ryan, Lorraine



Las aglomeraciones productivas alrededor de la minería: el caso de la minera Yanacocha S.A  

Microsoft Academic Search

El presente es un estudio de caso de la aglomeración productiva generada a raíz de la puesta en marcha del proyecto minero Yanacocha ubicado en Cajamarca. El concepto de aglomeración o cluster industrial se basa sobre el supuesto de que las distintas actividades económicas no se desarrollan aisladamente, sino que, por el contrario, el crecimiento de una de ellas impulsa

Juana R. Kuramoto



La gestión de las aguas subterráneas en el acuífero Mancha Occidental  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN : En este artículo se aborda la problemática que pl antea la recuperación del acuífero Mancha Occidental en el que existe una im portante externalidad ambiental que se deriva de la relación entre las reservas de agua existentes en el acuífero y los humedales Tablas de Daimiel. Para ello, se desarrol lan varios modelos de programación matemática que permiten

Eva Iglesias Martínez



Decorative Landscaping Rock as a Source for Heavy Metal Contamination, Las Vegas, Nevada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent drought coupled with population growth throughout the southwestern United States has increased the demand for water-efficient landscaping alternatives. As a result, xeriscaping has become a popular approach to landscaping in arid climates. Currently, no regulations control the mineralogy of decorative rocks that are used in these applications. Eight public sites were examined in Las Vegas, NV, where green and

Stephanie A. Mrozek; Brenda J. Buck; Patrick J. Drohan; Amy L. Brock



Crustal structure in the vicinity of Las Vegas, Nevada, from seismic and gravity observations  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A seismic-refraction profile indicates that the crust of the Earth increases in thickness by as much as 5 km over a horizontal distance of less than 25 km northeast of Las Vegas, Nevada. This feature correlates with a decrease in the Bouguer anomaly and an increase in the average surface altitude.

Roller, John C.




EPA Science Inventory

This report describes the present and developing capabilities of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory in Las Vegas, Nevada. Its purpose is to present comprehensive information in concise form to enable users of the Laboratory'...


Isolation of the Autoinducer-Quenching Strain that Inhibits LasR in Pseudomonas aeruginosa  

PubMed Central

Quorum sensing (QS) has been recognized as a general phenomenon in microorganisms and plays an important role in many pathogenic bacteria. In this report, we used the Agrobacterium tumefaciens biosensor strain NT1 to rapidly screen for autoinducer-quenching inhibitors from bacteria. After initial screening 5389 isolates obtained from land and beach soil, 53 putative positive strains were identified. A confirmatory bioassay was carried out after concentrating the putative positive culture supernatant, and 22 strains were confirmed to have anti-LasR activity. Finally, we determined the strain JM2, which could completely inhibit biofilm formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1, belonged to the genus Pseudomonas by analysis of 16S rDNA. Partially purified inhibitor factor(s) F5 derived from culture supernatants specifically inhibited LasR-controlled elastase and protease in wild type P. aeruginosa PAO1 by 68% and 73%, respectively, without significantly affecting growth; the rhl-controlled pyocyanin and rhamnolipids were inhibited by 54% and 52% in the presence of 100 ?g/mL of F5. The swarming motility and biofilm of PAO1 were also inhibited by F5. Real time RT-PCR on samples from 100 ?g/mL F5-treated P. aeruginosa showed downregulation of autoinducer synthase (LasRI and rhlI) and cognate receptor (lasR and rhlR) genes by 50%, 28%, 48%, and 29%, respectively. These results provide compelling evidence that the F5 inhibitor(s) interferes with the las system and significantly inhibits biofilm formation.

Weng, Lixing; Zhang, Yuqian; Yang, Yuxiang; Wang, Lianhui



Isolation of the autoinducer-quenching strain that inhibits LasR in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.  


Quorum sensing (QS) has been recognized as a general phenomenon in microorganisms and plays an important role in many pathogenic bacteria. In this report, we used the Agrobacterium tumefaciens biosensor strain NT1 to rapidly screen for autoinducer-quenching inhibitors from bacteria. After initial screening 5389 isolates obtained from land and beach soil, 53 putative positive strains were identified. A confirmatory bioassay was carried out after concentrating the putative positive culture supernatant, and 22 strains were confirmed to have anti-LasR activity. Finally, we determined the strain JM2, which could completely inhibit biofilm formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1, belonged to the genus Pseudomonas by analysis of 16S rDNA. Partially purified inhibitor factor(s) F5 derived from culture supernatants specifically inhibited LasR-controlled elastase and protease in wild type P. aeruginosa PAO1 by 68% and 73%, respectively, without significantly affecting growth; the rhl-controlled pyocyanin and rhamnolipids were inhibited by 54% and 52% in the presence of 100 µg/mL of F5. The swarming motility and biofilm of PAO1 were also inhibited by F5. Real time RT-PCR on samples from 100 µg/mL F5-treated P. aeruginosa showed downregulation of autoinducer synthase (LasRI and rhlI) and cognate receptor (lasR and rhlR) genes by 50%, 28%, 48%, and 29%, respectively. These results provide compelling evidence that the F5 inhibitor(s) interferes with the las system and significantly inhibits biofilm formation. PMID:24736783

Weng, Lixing; Zhang, Yuqian; Yang, Yuxiang; Wang, Lianhui



Positive correlation of algD transcription to lasB and lasA transcription by populations of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the lungs of patients with cystic fibrosis.  

PubMed Central

Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes a chronic infection in the lungs of individuals with cystic fibrosis. The P. aeruginosa isolates from these infections, when grown under laboratory conditions, characteristically are mucoid and produce low levels of the more destructive virulence factors, such as exotoxin A and the proteases. We wanted to determine if during the chronic lung infections associated with CF, the expression of alginate was inversely correlated to the expression of exotoxin A, elastase, and the LasA protease. We measured the transcript accumulation of algD, a marker of alginate, toxA, the structural gene for exotoxin A, lasB, the structural gene for elastase, and lasA, the structural gene for LasA protease, from the sputum bacterial populations of 23 patients. In the 131 samples tested, we frequently detected transcripts from the four genes. When a Spearman rank correlation analysis was done on the samples, we found no correlation between algD transcript accumulation and toxA transcript accumulation. This result suggested that toxA was regulated independently of algD. Curiously, we found a positive correlation between algD transcript accumulation and both lasB and lasA transcript accumulation levels. This correlation may not indicate a direct association between algD and either lasA or lasB. More likely, it indicates a common regulatory element in a cascade of regulators or a common environmental cue that triggers transcription.

Storey, D G; Ujack, E E; Mitchell, I; Rabin, H R



¿Qué traen las personas al juego? Experimentos de campo sobre la cooperación en los recursos de uso común  

Microsoft Academic Search

El estudio de la acción colectiva requiere la comprensión de los incentivos individuales y de las restricciones institucionales que guían a las personas en la decisión de cooperar o no, en el grupo que enfrenta este dilema. El uso de ecosistemas locales por parte de grupos de individuos es sólo un ejemplo en el que la extracción individual incrementa el

Cárdenas Juan Camilo; Elinor Ostrom




Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen. La corrosión bajo tensión en las armaduras activas puede provocar la fractura de los alambres en condiciones subcríticas, produciendo fallos en estructuras pretensadas. Para garantizar el buen comportamiento del acero frente a la corrosión bajo tensión, la FIP propuso un ensayo estándar en tiocianato amónico. El objetivo de este trabajo es estudiar cómo influyen las tensiones residuales generadas en

J. M. Atienza; J. Ruiz; M. Elices



Preliminary Study of Favorability for Uranium of the Sangre de Cristo Formation in the Las Vegas Basin, Northeastern New Mexico.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Uranium favorability of the Sangre de Cristo Formation (Pennsylvanian-Permian) in the Las Vegas basin has been evaluated. The Las Vegas basin project area, located in Colfax, Mora, and San Miguel Counties, New Mexico, comprises about 3,489 sq mi. The form...

R. T. May J. R. Strand B. E. Reid W. R. Phillips



Orientación al mercado y performance en las organizaciones públicas. Un estudio en el ámbito de los gobiernos locales españoles  

Microsoft Academic Search

El presente trabajo posee como finalidad vincular los estudios de orientación al mercado desde el ámbito del marketing, con las propuestas de reforma y modernización desde los ámbitos administrativo y político. La orientación al mercado en las organizaciones empresariales, sus antecedentes y consecuencias, constituyen un tema ampliamente investigado en el ámbito empresarial. Sobre la base del análisis de estos trabajos

Amparo Crevera Taulet



Linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) in water of Lake Dianchi--spatial and seasonal variation, and kinetics of biodegradation.  


For the purpose of elucidating the environmental characteristics of anion surfactants [linear alkylbenzene sulfonates (LAS)] in the water of Lake Dianchi, a sampling investigation in the field from October 2006 to July 2007 and a batch of biodegradation experiments in the laboratory were carried out. The results showed that concentrations of LAS ranged from 18.6 to 260.1 ?g L(-1), and the average concentration was 52.6 ?g L(-1) in Lake Dianchi. The highest concentrations of LAS were found in the Northwest region, and the distribution of LAS varied through seasons, with much lower concentrations in fall than in any other seasons. LAS can be primarily biodegraded by microorganisms in the lake water, and the percentage of degradation was >97% after 28 days. Biodegradation of LAS was well-fitted with the kinetic model presented in this paper, and the half-lives ranged from 3.2 to 16.3 days. Temperature, pH, and initial concentrations could affect the biodegradation of LAS, among which temperature was the major factor influencing on biodegradation of LAS in water of Lake Dianchi. PMID:20072810

Wang, Zhi; Xiao, Bangding; Wu, Xingqiang; Tu, Xinhai; Wang, Yingcai; Sun, Xiaolei; Song, Lirong



Development of Small-Scale Vegetable and Fruit Producers for an Expanding Urban Market in Las Vegas, Nevada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Southern Nevada, located along the eastern edge of the Mojave Desert, contains the rapidly growing city of Las Vegas, home to nearly two million people and attracting 40 million visitors each year. Las Vegas has one of the largest food service industries in North America and has emerged as a restaurant destination for tourists due to the growth in quantity

R. L. Morris; H. Gatzke; K. R. Curtis


Evolución y perspectivas de las economías emergentes de Asia Oriental diez años después de la crisis de 1997  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este artículo analiza la evolución de las economías más afectadas por la crisis de 1997: en Tailandia, Indonesia, Malasia, Filipinas y Corea del Sur, en los últimos diez años. Hoy el conjunto de países más afectados por aquel episodio se han re- cuperado plenamente y presentan una situación mucho más sólida. El sis- tema bancario ha sido saneado, las empresas

Joan Ripoll


Analisis de disponibilidad de infraestructura y acceso a las tecnologias de la informacion (TIC) en America Latina  

Microsoft Academic Search

Los paises desarrollados han tenido mas acceso a la economia del conocimiento surgida por la amplia utilizacion de las tecnologias de la informacion y la comunicacion (tic) en las actividades productivas. Los paises de America Latina afrontan la llamada “brecha digital”, aun cuando han tenido avances importantes en el intento por articularse a los circuitos mundiales economicos y de informacion;

Raul Ernesto Acosta Mesa



Bioconcentration and toxicity of dodecylbenzene sulfonate (C12LAS) to aquatic organisms exposed in experimental streams.  


Fish, mollusks, and crustaceans were caged in the tail pool of streams during a C(12)LAS (dodecyl benzene sulfonate) model ecosystem experimental program. Bioconcentration of total C(12)LAS and individual isomers and acute and chronic toxicity were investigated during this study. Toxicity endpoints were based on water and tissue (i.e., body burden) concentrations at which adverse effects were observed. At 32 days, total C(12)LAS bioconcentration factors (BCFs) for the fathead minnow and three invertebrate species ranged from 9 to 116. In general, bioconcentration was affected by isomer position, exposure concentration, and species. BCF values tended to decrease as isomer position moved from external (e.g., 2-phenyl) to internal (e.g., 5,6-phenyl). BCFs also decreased as exposure concentration increased. Mean acute 4-d LC(50) values ranged from 1.5 to >3.0 mg/L for the six species tested. Lethal body burdens associated with 50% mortality (LBB(50)) varied from 0.21 to 0.60 mmole/kg (wet weight). During the 32-day chronic exposures, the EC(20) values were 0.27 (0.204-0.352), 0.95 (0.597-1.29), and approximately 1.0 mg/L for Corbicula (length), Hyalella (survival), and fathead minnow (survival), respectively. At these EC(20) values, C(12)LAS body burdens were 0.035, 0.23, and 0.19 mmoles/kg wet weight in Corbicula, Hyalella, and fathead minnow, respectively. Fish exposed to wastewater treatment plant effluent had total C(12)LAS tissue concentrations ranging from 0.0005 to 0.0039 mmoles/kg wet weight. These concentrations are approximately 45-360 times below the tissue concentration associated with subtle effects in the model ecosystem stream exposures. Total C(12)LAS body burdens in feral and caged Corbicula exposed to WWTP effluents were approximately 0.0013 mmoles/kg; approximately 25-fold below concentrations associated with effects in stream exposures. PMID:12520396

Versteeg, D J; Rawlings, J M



New 40Ar/ 39Ar dates from the Las Tazas complex, northern Chile: Tectonic significance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Atacama Fault Zone is a major Mesozoic structure that trends along the Coastal Batholith of northern Chile. Part of the fault zone underwent a kinematic change from dip-slip to strike-slip displacement during the Early Cretaceous. The Las Tazas complex intruded the fault zone during this change. New analyses of country rock protomylonites from the edge of the complex firmly constrain the age of the change to 130 Ma and confirm that the complex was emplaced during active displacement along the fault zone. The intrusion heated its immediate country rocks and allowed localised ductile shearing during emplacement. Upper crustal intrusions like the Las Tazas complex are ideal targets for geochronological studies of major shear zones.

Wilson, Jeff; Dallmeyer, R. David; Grocott, John



Structure and tensile strength of LaS(1.4)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The tensile strength of LaS(1.4) has been estimated by diametral stress testing at room temperature, 800 and 1300 K. Brittle, tensile-type failures were obtained at all temperatures when the crosshead speed was 0.0021 mm/s; however, a 1300 K test at 0.00085 mm/s produced plastic flow. The microstructure of LaS(1.4) consisted of two phases with beta-La2S3 comprising about 15 vol percent of the structure and gamma-La2S3 the remainder. Because of the limited amount of material available for testing, no correlation between microstructure and mechanical strength could be drawn.

Whittenberger, J. Daniel; Smoak, Richard H.



Magnetic susceptibility patterns in a Cordilleran granitoid: The Las Tazas Complex, northern Chile  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Las Tazas Complex is a ferromagnetic I-type granitoid that crops out in the Coastal Cordillera of northern Chile. Magnetic susceptibility patterns across the complex are controlled by modal magnetite contents, rather than overall mineralogy, resulting in an ambiguous correlation between susceptibility magnitude variation and lithological zoning. There is a good correlation between plagioclase magmatic fabric orientations and magnetic fabric orientation, demonstrating that anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) measurements can accurately characterize magmatic fabric patterns in Cordilleran I-type granitoids. However, there is no simple quantitative relationship between magmatic and magnetic fabric intensities. The magmatic and magnetic fabrics share a similar character, and it is clear that AMS fabrics are strongly influenced by the dominant plagioclase fabric across the Las Tazas Complex but cannot be directly equated in quantitative strain analysis.

Wilson, Jeff



Sealing 304L to lithia-alumina-silica (LAS) glass-ceramics  

SciTech Connect

The formation of a crack-free between 300 series stainless steel and a glass-ceramic is difficult owing to the high coefficients of thermal expansion of the stainless steels. Lithia-alumina-silica (LAS) glass-ceramics were successfully developed and sealed to 304L stainless steel. These crack-free seals were fabricated by two techniques: by adjusting the parent glass composition (reducing the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} content), or by adjusting the sealing/crystallization cycle. All seals were hermetic, with leak rates < 10{sup -8} cc/sec STP helium. CTE and alloy yield strengths are given which show the feasibility of using these materials to make feedthroughs, pyrotechnic components, etc. Metallography, SEM, and wavelength dispersive spectroscopy show the quality and integrity of the glass-ceramic/stainless steel interface. These data are compared to those on the Inconel 718/LAS-glass seal system.

Moddeman, W.E.; Pence, R.E.; Massey, R.T.; Cassidy, R.T. [EG and G Mound Applied Technologies, Miamisburg, OH (United States); Kramer, D.P. [EG and G, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Electronic Components Div.



An evaluation of the use of renewable energy to pump water in Sacala las Lomas, Guatemala  

Microsoft Academic Search

An evaluation has been conducted to establish if using renewable energy is technically and economically feasible to pump water\\u000a in Sacala las Lomas, Guatemala. A deep groundwater well has been proposed and a multi-stage pump system is being considered\\u000a to distribute groundwater to users’ homes. A weather station was erected in Sacala to collect site-specific data. Wind velocity,\\u000a wind direction,

Will GranichAndrew; Andrew Curtis Elmore



Adsorption\\/desorption of linear alkylbenzenesulfonate (LAS) and azoproteins by\\/from activated sludge flocs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our study investigated the adsorption\\/desorption by\\/from activated sludge flocs, dispersed in river water or in diluted wastewater, of organic compounds (C11-LAS, azoalbumin and azocasein) at concentrations relevant to environmental conditions. Activated sludge flocs, used as a model of biological aggregates, are characterized by a very heterogeneous matrix able to sorb the three organic compounds tested at 4°C. The adsorbed amount

A. Conrad; A. Cadoret; P. Corteel; P. Leroy; J.-C. Block



Characterization of LasR protein involved in bacterial quorum sensing mechanism of Pseudomonas aeruginosa  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quorum sensing (QS) mechanism of Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been studied extensively due to its involvement in cystic fibrosis, a deadly disease that is responsible for the death\\u000a of more than a thousand people annually. In order to develop biochemical assay method for screening QS inhibitor, we have\\u000a studied the production and characterization of recombinant LasR protein, which is a

Hai Bo Liu; Kyong Pyo Koh; Joon Hee Lee; Jung Sun Kim; Sunghoon Park



Site response zones and short-period earthquake ground motion projections for the Las Vegas Basin  

Microsoft Academic Search

A deterministic seismic hazard analysis was conducted to address the effect of local soil conditions on earthquake-induced\\u000a strong ground motion in the Las Vegas Basin, Nevada (US). Using a large geological and geotechnical database, two response\\u000a units were defined: a fine-grained unit, predominantly clay; and a coarse-grained unit, predominantly gravel. A moderate number\\u000a of high-quality shallow shear wave velocity measurements

Barbara Luke; Ying Liu



Comenditic and pantelleritic ash-flow tuffs from Volcan Las Navajas, Nayarit, Mexico  

SciTech Connect

Two distinctive ash-flow tuffs occur around the base of Volcan Las Navajas, a Pleistocene trachyte - peralkaline rhyolite center located in the northwestern segment of the Mexican Volcanic belt. The lower ash-flow unit is locally up to 65 m thick, is lithic rich and contains pumice blocks of comenditic rhyolite. The unit is not extensively exposed, and thus its areal extent and volume cannot be determined. Its chemical characteristics and stratigraphic relationship to other products erupted from Las Navajas suggest that it is related to the formation of the older of the two calderas which occur on Las Navajas. Unconformably overlying this unwelded ash-flow is a pantelleritic airfall pumice unit which is locally welded. This airfall unit is conformably overlain by a welded as-flow tuff that contains fiamme of pantelleritic composition (72 %SiO/sub 2/, 8% FeO*, 900 ppm Zr, agpaitic index of 1.7) as well as pumice blocks that show evidence of various degrees of mixing between pantellerite and trachyte. This suggests eruption from a chemically zoned magma chamber. This unit is locally up to 20 m thick, although its top has been removed by erosion. It is found on all sides of Las Navajas except on the south where it may be covered by Volcan Sanganguey, a Pleistocene to Recent calc-alkaline volcano. The welded ash-flow has been dated by K - Ar at 0.2+/-0.1 m.y. Stratigraphically and chemically this ash-flow appears to be related to the formation of younger of the two calderas.

Nelson, S.A.; Hebre, J.A.



Calculo del valor de la cuota lactea en las explotaciones de leche gallegas  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN: El nivel de cuota l�ctea por explotaci�n y la transferencia de cuota entre las distintas explotaciones juegan un papel principal en la reestructuraci�n del sector productor de leche en Espa�a. En este trabajo se estiman el valor de una unidad de cuota, de su valor de capitalizaci�n en el horizonte del a�o 2006 y la concreci�n de algunos determinantes

Jose Carlos De Miguel Dominguez; Tomas Perez Vidal; Xose Anton Rodriguez Gonzalez



Asymptotic Analysis of the Performance of LAS Algorithm for Large-MIMO Detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

In our recent work, we reported an exhaustive study on the simulated bit error rate (BER) performance of a low-complexity likelihood ascent search (LAS) algorithm for detection in large multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems with large number of antennas that achieve high spectral efficiencies. Though the algorithm was shown to achieve increasingly closer to near maximum-likelihood (ML) performance through simulations, no

Saif K. Mohammed; A. Chockalingam; B. Sundar Rajan



Giant gas bubbles in a rheomorphic vent fill at the Las Cañadas caldera, Tenerife (Canary Islands)  

Microsoft Academic Search

During rheomorphism subsequent to fallout deposition, a portion of the densely welded fallout of the La Grieta Member flowed\\u000a back into the vent from where it was erupted, while the rest of it flowed down the outer slopes of the Las Cañadas caldera\\u000a in Tenerife. The welded fallout and conduit-vent structure are physically connected and constitute a rare example of

Carles Soriano; Daniele Giordano; Inés Galindo; Marcel Hürlimann; Paola Ardia



VIRTUAL, REAL Y COPORAL. El eros cyborg y las identidades en el ciberespacio  

Microsoft Academic Search

El cuerpo en la era de la cibersociedad se transforma en su naturaleza\\/esencia cardinal, biológica y sexual. Las marcas, estereotipo y bases que han diferenciado a los sujetos humanos por corporalidad\\/biología parecen deshacerse merced a la esencia de la sociedad de lo virtual, dando paso a una nueva forma de identificación corporal\\/social\\/cultural de los individuos: el Cyborg y como no

Almudena García Manso



Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty-eight fallout trachytic to phonolitic ash layers recovered from Sites 953, 954, and 956 during Leg 157 are interpreted as a result of explosive eruptions of the Las Cañadas edifice on Tenerife. Their biostratigraphic ages range from 0.3 to 3.8 Ma . Tephra layers consist dominantly of highly vesicular pumice and 1-10 vol% phenocrysts. Alkali feldspar occurs in almost all

Uta Rodehorst; Hans-Ulrich Schmincke; Mari Sumita


La gestion de las aguas subterraneas en el acuifero Mancha Occidental  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN: En este art�culo se aborda la problem�tica que plantea la recuperaci�n del acu�fero Mancha Occidental en el que existe una importante externalidad ambiental que se deriva de la relaci�n entre las reservas de agua existentes en el acu�fero y los humedales Tablas de Daimiel. Para ello, se desarrollan varios modelos de programaci�n matem�tica que permiten evaluar distintos instrumentos de

Eva Iglesias



Airborne and laboratory remote sensing applications of the CSIRO CO2 laser spectrometer MIRACO2LAS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mid-infrared airborne CO2 laser spectrometer (MIRACO2LAS) was developed by CSIRO Division of Exploration and Mining to investigate the potential role of high spectral resolution thermal infrared (TIR) remote sensing for improved remote sensing of minerals, especially those silicate minerals that do not have diagnostic features at shorter wavelengths, such as quartz, feldspars, pyroxenes and garnets. Other objectives include testing

L. B. Whitbourn; T. J. Cudahy; J. F. Huntington; P. M. Connor; P. Mason; R. N. Phillips; Peter Hausknecht



Surficial geology and distribution of post-impoundment sediment in Las Vegas Bay, Lake Mead  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Sidescan sonar imagery and seismic-reflection profiles were collected in the northwestern part of Las Vegas Bay to map the distribution and volume of sediment that has accumulated in this part of Lake Mead since impoundment. The mapping suggests that three ephemeral streams are the primary source of this sediment, and of these, Las Vegas Wash is the largest. Two deltas off the mouth of Las Vegas Wash formed at different lake elevations and account for 41% of the total volume of post-impoundment sediment within the study area. Deltas off the other two washes (Gypsum and Government) account for only 6% of the total volume. The sediment beyond the front of the deltas is primarily mud, and it only occurs in valley floors, where it forms a flat-lying blanket that is mostly less than 1.5 m thick. Although a thin layer, the fine-grained sediment accounts for approximately 53% of the total post-impoundment sediment volume of 5.7 x 106 m3 that has accumulated in the study area. This sediment appears to have been transported several kilometers from the river sources by density flows.

Twichell, David C.; Cross, VeeAnn A.; Rudin, Mark J.; Parolski, Kenneth F.; Rendigs, Richard R.



Earthquakes in the Classroom, Las Vegas, NV: The Nevada Educational Seismic Network (NESN)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geophysics is a term guaranteed to strike fear into the heart of the bravest high school science student. Using math to describe the earth can involve complex equations that can only be deciphered by enigmatic computer programs. But high school science students in the Las Vegas Valley have been given a unique opportunity to gather important research information while learning about geophysics, real-time data collection, and Internet communications in a less threatening environment. Three seismograph stations funded by the Department of Energy and the University of Nevada, Las Vegas have been installed in three different high schools in the Clark County School District. These three stations form a triangle in the Las Vegas Valley basin covering areas where the basin depths change significantly. The geophones are buried outside and a cable connects the sensors and GPS receiver to a digitizer on a local PC. The data is transmitted continuously in real-time via Internet communications protocols to the Seismic Explorer Monitoring Network. There it is available to all schools and to researchers who will analyze the data. These short-period geophones will record small local earthquakes and larger more distant events contributing to real-time seismic network operations in southern Nevada. Students at a school site are able to see live real-time data from other school stations as well as from seismograph stations in southern Nevada, the western US, and the world. Mentored by researchers at the University of Nevada, Reno and University of Nevada, Las Vegas, the teachers and students conduct simple waveform analysis to determine earthquake locations and magnitudes and operate the stations in this cooperative research effort. The goal of this partnership between secondary and university educational systems is to create a successful alliance that will benefit the research community as well as the classroom teacher and his/her students. Researchers will use the data collected from the schools in studies of the structure in the Las Vegas Valley basin and evaluation of the local seismicity. A major goal for the secondary teacher is the development of lesson plans that will use the collected data as a learning tool to help their students gain a better understanding of specific scientific concepts. Using the latest software and data communications technologies, students participating in this project will be on the cutting edge of establishing a model for urban seismic networks.

Hopkins, J.; Snelson, C. M.; Zaragoza, S. A.; Smith, K.; Depolo, D.



Distribution and origin of dissolved gases of groundwaters at Las Cañadas aquifer, Tenerife, Canary Islands  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Volcanic aquifers commonly trap an important fraction of the main soluble components of fluids released from volcanic-hydrothermal system (CO2, SO2, H2S, HCl, HF, etc.). In particular, the interactions between volcanic gases and volcanic aquifers have been studied through hydrogeochemical parameters, as major and minor ions contents and dissolved gases in groundwaters. In the context of hydrogeochemical studies applied to active volcanic areas, studies of dissolved gases species in groundwater could be a useful tool to better understand the subsurface processes as gas-water-rock interaction or to strengthen the geochemical seismic-volcanic surveillance programs. In this work, we report the results of the geochemical characterization of dissolved gases (N2, O2, Ar, CO2, CH4, CO, H2, He, 222Rn, ?13CTDIC) in 96 groundwater samples from Las Cañadas aquifer (around Teide volcano) between May and October, 2006. The main aims of this work are: (1) to determine the background level of magmatic gas input in the aquifer during quiescent periods, (2) to better define the origin of dissolved gases in Las Cañadas aquifer, specially CO2, (3) to evaluate the gas-water-rock interaction processes occurring at depth, and (4) to delineate high permeable pathway of upward migration of volcanic-hydrothermal gases. In general, the dissolved gas phase in groundwaters of Las Cañadas aquifer is relatively enriched in endogenous gases (CO2, He and H2) while it is relatively depleted in atmospheric gases (N2, O2 and Ar). N2-O2-CO2 triangular diagram shows that dissolved gases in most of analyzed groundwater are variable mixtures of CO2-rich fluids from the volcanic-hydrothermal system (as represent the Teide fumaroles) with dissolved air. The relatively high N2/O2 ratio in some groundwater compared to the air saturated water suggests an O2 consumption during gas-water-rock interactions occurring at depth. Spatial distribution maps show anomalous concentration of 222Rn CH4, H2 and CO2 dissolved in groundwater at the westernmost area of Las Cañadas aquifer, which is in good spatial correlation with geophysical and geochemical anomalies related to 2004-2005 seismic-volcanic unrest at Tenerife Island. Determinations of ?13C values in the total dissolved inorganic carbon (TDIC) in groundwater in Las Cañadas aquifer ranging from -5 to +5 (‰ vs PDB). This result was explained by isotopic fractionation of either volcanic-hydrothermal CO2 partially dissolved in groundwater or due to precipitation of CaCO3 and CO2 degassing related to silicate hydrolysis dissolving Ca2+.

Marrero, R.; Melian, G.; Padron, E.; Sortino, F.; Hernandez Perez, P. A.; Lopez, D. L.; Perez, N.



An Aerial Radiological Survey of Selected Areas of the City of North Las Vegas  

SciTech Connect

As part of the proficiency training for the Radiological Mapping mission of the Aerial Measuring System (AMS), a survey team from the Remote Sensing Laboratory-Nellis (RSL-Nellis) conducted an aerial radiological survey of selected areas of the city of North Las Vegas for the purpose of mapping natural radiation background and locating any man-made radioactive sources. Survey areas were selected in collaboration with the City Manager's office and included four separate areas: (1) Las Vegas Motor Speedway (10.6 square miles); (2) North Las Vegas Downtown Area (9.2 square miles); (3) I-15 Industrial Corridor (7.4 square miles); and (4) Future site of University of Nevada Las Vegas campus (17.4 square miles). The survey was conducted in three phases: Phase 1 on December 11-12, 2007 (Areas 1 and 2), Phase 2 on February 28, 2008 (Area 3), and Phase 3 on March 19, 2008 (Area 4). The total completed survey covered a total of 44.6 square miles. The flight lines (without the turns) over the surveyed areas are presented in Figures 1, 2, 3, and 4. A total of eight 2.5-hour-long flights were performed at an altitude of 150 ft above ground level (AGL) with 300 feet of flight-line spacing. Water line and test line flights were conducted over the Lake Mead and Government Wash areas to ensure quality control of the data. The data were collected by the AMS data acquisition system (REDAR V) using an array of twelve 2-inch x 4-inch x 16-inch sodium iodide (NaI) detectors flown on-board a twin-engine Bell 412 helicopter. Data, in the form of gamma energy spectra, were collected continually (every second) over the course of the survey and were geo-referenced using a differential Global Positioning System. Collection of spectral data allows the system to distinguish between ordinary fluctuations in natural background radiation levels and the signature produced by man-made radioisotopes. Spectral data can also be used to identify specific radioactive isotopes. As a courtesy service, with the approval of the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration, Nevada Site Office, RSL-Nellis is providing this summary to the office of the Mayor of the City of North Las Vegas along with the gross-count-based exposure rate and man-made count contour maps and GIS shape files in electronic format on a compact disk.

Piotr Wasiolek



The Interaction of Mothers and Fathers with Their Sons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observed 3-year-old boys and their parents in dyadic play situations to determine how the difference in the ages and roles of parent and child influence the quality of their interaction. Also examines how the sex of the parents influences the nature of their interaction with their young children. (Author/JMB)

Pakizegi, Behnaz



Boys into Men: Raising Our African American Teenage Sons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to rearing African American boys offers simple and effective strategies for problem-solving, improving communication, and instilling a positive racial identity. The book draws on strong African American family values and cultural and spiritual strengths. The chapters are: (1) "You Must Act As If It Is Impossible To Fail: Challenges in…

Boyd-Franklin, Nancy; Franklin, A. J.


Türkiye ?çsu Bal?klar?n?n Son Sistematik Durumu  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Inthis study, a great number of works about the systematic of Turkish inland water fishes published since 1856 are reviewed. Besides, the developments and changes that have occured in this field are put forward in the historical process. Based on the results obtained, it has been specified that 236 species and subspecies which belong to 26 families live in

Mustafa Kuru


William James Morton [1845-1920]: like father, like son (?).  


William Thomas Green Morton, the man most commonly associated with the introduction of anesthesia in 1846, fathered William James Morton. William James Morton's contributions to society were substantial. He conducted pioneering work in radiology, radiation oncology, and therapeutic electricity. He authored numerous textbooks and articles, and he was an editor of a journal on human behavior. His expertise on diamond mining led to an error in judgment that resulted in a felony conviction. We examine his career and contributions to society, and consider his career in light of his father, William Thomas Green Morton. PMID:24205753

Aponte-Feliciano, Antonio; Desai, Sukumar P; Desai, Manisha S



NGC 5694: another foster son of the Galactic halo  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the results of the analysis of high-resolution spectra obtained with UVES-FLAMES at the Very Large Telescope for six red giant branch stars in the outer-halo metal-poor ([Fe/H] I = -1.98 and [Fe/H] II = -1.83) Galactic globular cluster NGC 5694, which has been suggested as a possible incomer by Lee et al. based on the anomalous chemical composition of a single cluster giant. We obtain accurate abundances for a large number of elements and we find that (a)the six target stars have the same chemical composition within the uncertainties, except for Na and Al; (b) the average cluster abundance of ? elements (with the only exception of Si) is nearly solar, at odds with typical halo stars and globular clusters of similar metallicity; (c) Y, Ba, La and Eu abundances are also significantly lower than in Galactic field stars and star clusters of similar metallicity. Hence, we confirm the Lee et al. classification of NGC 5694 as a cluster of extragalactic origin. We provide the first insight on the Na-O and Mg-Al anticorrelations in this cluster: all the considered stars have very similar abundance ratios for these elements, except one that has significantly lower [Na/Fe] and [Al/Fe] ratios, suggesting that some degree of early self-enrichment has occurred also in this cluster.

Mucciarelli, A.; Bellazzini, M.; Catelan, M.; Dalessandro, E.; Amigo, P.; Correnti, M.; Cortés, C.; D'Orazi, V.



Phenotype of FOXP2 haploinsufficiency in a mother and son.  


Disruptions in FOXP2, a transcription factor, are the only known monogenic cause of speech and language impairment. We report on clinical findings for two new individuals with a submicroscopic deletion of FOXP2: a boy with severe apraxia of speech and his currently moderately affected mother. A 1.57?Mb deletion on chromosome 7q31 was detected by array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH). In addition to FOXP2, the patients' deletion involves two other genes, MDFIC and PPP1R3A, neither of which has been associated with speech or language disorders. Thus, findings for these two family members provide informative phenotypic information on FOXP2 haploinsufficiency. Evaluation by a clinical geneticist indicated no major congenital anomalies or dysmorphic features. Evaluations by a clinical psychologist and occupational therapist indicated cognitive-linguistic processing and sensorimotor control deficits, but did not support a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. Evaluation by clinical and research speech pathologists confirmed that both patients' speech deficits met contemporary criteria for apraxia of speech. Notably, the patients were not able to laugh, cough, or sneeze spontaneously, replicating findings reported for two other FOXP2 cases and a potential diagnostic sign of nonsyndromic apraxia of speech. Speech severity findings for the boy were not consistent with the hypothesis that loss of maternal FOXP2 should be relatively benign. Better understanding of the behavioral phenotype of FOXP2 disruptions will aid identification of patients, toward an eventual understanding of the pathophysiology of syndromic and nonsyndromic apraxia of speech. PMID:22106036

Rice, Gregory M; Raca, Gordana; Jakielski, Kathy J; Laffin, Jennifer J; Iyama-Kurtycz, Christina M; Hartley, Sigan L; Sprague, Rae E; Heintzelman, Anne T; Shriberg, Lawrence D



Indispensable Sons: Negotiating reproductive desires in rural Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

The decline in fertility that has taken place in most countries of Asia over the past few decades has presented a challenge to demographic theory. While most families have shrunk considerably in size and the desire for only a few children is shared by most, the importance of producing a male child has persisted in some regions and strata of

Danièle Bélanger



Family Matters: Father and Son Follow Same Career Path; Succeed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Together, Samuel L. Myers Sr. and Jr. prove that the apple tree, when properly nurtured in the rich intellectual orchards of academia, will bear prime fruit that lands close to its roots. The Doctors Myers both earned bachelor's degrees from Morgan State University and then ventured to Boston for their Ph.D.s in economics. Though their specialties…

Cooper, Kenneth J.



PROJECT ICARUS: Son of Daedalus, Flying Closer to Another Star  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the 1970s members of the British Interplanetary Society embarked on a landmark theoretical engineering design study to send a probe to Barnard's star. Project Daedalus was a two-stage vehicle employing electron beam driven inertial confinement fusion engines to reach its target destination. This paper sets out the proposal for a successor interstellar design study called Project Icarus. This is

K. F. Long; R. K. Obousy; A. C. Tziolas; A. Mann; R. Osborne; A. Presby; M. Fogg



Project Icarus - Son of Daedalus - Flying Closer to Another Star  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the 1970s members of the British Interplanetary Society embarked on a landmark theoretical engineering design study to send a probe to Barnard's star. Project Daedalus was a two-stage vehicle employing electron beam driven inertial confinement fusion engines to reach its target destination. This paper sets out the proposal for a successor interstellar design study called Project Icarus. This is an attempt to redesign the Daedalus vehicle with similar terms of reference. The aim of this study is to evolve an improved engineering design and move us closer to achieving interstellar exploration. Although this paper does not prematurely discuss what design modifications are likely to occur some indications are given from the nature of the discussions. This paper is a submission of the Project Icarus Study Group.

Long, K. F.; Fogg, M.; Obousy, R.; Tziolas, A.; Mann, A.; Osborne, R.; Presby, A.


Art, design & entertainment - Gust of me: reconnecting mother and son  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Gust of Presence conceptual design lets parents and children who live apart reconnect in a more friendship-based relationship. With two Gustbowls, parents and children can communicate in a simple way that requires little effort and could subtly become a part of their daily routines. Gustbowl is designed to promote and support informal, unobtrusive interactions in families whose members live

I. Keller; W. van der Hoog; P. J. Stappers



The Further Adventures of Cardboard Carpentry; Son of Cardboard Carpentry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Triple-thick cardboard can be used to make many different things in the classroom. This workbook describes some of the materials which can be made, starting off with a detailed look at making a table. Instructions are also outlined, with illustrations, for making shelves, storage units, stools and chairs, boxes and blocks, wagons, panels and…

Workshop for Learning Things, Watertown, MA.


'Doctor, My Son Walks Funny': A Guide for the Perplexed  

PubMed Central

The primary care physician plays a critical role in reassuring parents about their child's orthopedic development in the lower extremity. Paramount to this reassurance is the ability to understand the normal and natural history of lower extremity development. Family physicians should be able to diagnose and treat metatarsus varus, internal and external tibial torsion, femoral anteversion and femoral retroversion, bow legs, knock knees, and flat feet. The chief complaint often turns out to be only a variation of normal physiological growth and development.

Beauchamp, Richard D.



Benjamin Franklin, Philadelphia's favorite son, was a membrane biophysicist.  


Benjamin Franklin, mostly known for his participation in writing The Declaration of Independence and work on electricity, was also one of the first scientists to seek to understand the properties of oil monolayers on water surfaces. During one of his many voyages across the Atlantic Ocean, Franklin observed that oil had a calming effect on waves when poured into rough ocean waters. Though at first taking a backseat to many of his other scientific and political endeavors, Franklin went on to experiment with oil, spreading monomolecular films on various bodies of water, and ultimately devised a concept of particle repulsion that is indirectly related to the hydrophobic effect. His early observations inspired others to measure the dimensions of oil monolayers, which eventually led to the formulation of the contemporary lipid bilayer model of the cell membrane. PMID:23442850

Wang, Da-Neng; Stieglitz, Heather; Marden, Jennifer; Tamm, Lukas K



Behavioral choice across leech species: chacun ? son go?t  

PubMed Central

At any one time, animals are simultaneously bombarded with many sensory stimuli, but they typically choose to respond to only a few of them. We used multidimensional analysis to determine the behavioral responses of six species of leeches to stimulation, as the responses are affected by species identity, diet, behavioral state and stimulus location. Our results show that each of the species tested while not feeding displayed remarkably similar behaviors in response to tactile stimulation of the surface of the body. When not feeding, stimulus location was the most reliable factor in determining behavioral response. While feeding, the three sanguivorous (bloodsucking) species tested ignored stimulation, whereas the three carnivorous leeches abandoned feeding in favor of locomotory responses, regardless of phylogenetic relationships. In the sanguivorous leeches, feeding abolished all mechanically elicited responses and mechanical stimulation in turn had no effect on feeding. We also show that the behavioral hierarchy of leeches was fixed and unchanging even in species that can consume both a carnivorous and a sanguivorous diet.

Gaudry, Q.; Ruiz, N.; Huang, T.; Kristan, W. B.; Kristan, W. B.



What Carnot's Father Taught His Son about Thermodynamics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The historical development of the classical postulates of the second law of Thermodynamics can be traced back to the book by Sadi Carnot, "Reflections on the motive power of fire." While unique in its own right and in some sense revolutionary, the book starts with an analogy between heat engines and waterwheels. Waterwheels were common engines of…

Muller, Erich A.



Father-Son Chats: Inheriting Stress through Sperm RNA.  


Although mounting evidence in mammals suggests that certain ancestral environmental exposures can influence the phenotype in future generations, mechanisms underlying such intergenerational information transfer remain unclear. A recent report suggests that RNA isolated from sperm can inform offspring of a father's history of early life trauma (Gapp et al., 2014). PMID:24896534

Sharma, Upasna; Rando, Oliver J




EPA Science Inventory

This report presents the findings of an investigation performed to obtain data concerning fugitive and workroom emissions from secondary lead smelters. The results are being used within both NIOSH and EPA as part of a larger effort to define the potential workplace/environmental ...


Quelques observations sur la hauteur et la fréquence des sons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sommaire  On a produit des «tops de tonalité» (tone-pip) à l’aide d’impulsions électriques rectangulaires transmises dans deux futres\\u000a acoustiques montés en cascade dans lesquels les fréquences de coupure supérieure et inférieure étaient réglées toutes deux\\u000a à 2.000 p\\/s. On constata alors que l’énergie acoustique du signal de sortie se trouvait concentrée dans une bande dont la\\u000a largeur était d’environ 1 octave,

H. Davis; S.-R. Silverman; D.-R. Mc Auliffe



The "Little" Cultural Tradition of Hispanics. (La "Pequena" Tradicion Cultural de los Hispanos.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defining "little" cultural traditions as those customs, behaviors and attitudes of ordinary people involved in the day-to-day problems of living and survival, this article traces the origins, historic influences and general characteristics of Hispanic culture and of its Mexican, Puerto Rican and Cuban subcultures. (DS)

Benitez, Jose Spielberg



The "Great" Cultural Tradition of Hispanics. (La "Gran" Tradicion Cultural de los Hispanos.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussing the literary and artistic expression of Hispanics in the U.S., this article focuses on such thematic and idealogical manifestations as the Hispanic historical experience, the sentimental journey "back home" into the community, the depiction of conflicts, the destruction of stereotypes, and the reflection of the artists' cultures and…

Pino, Frank, Jr.



Efficient Production andProcessing ofElastase andLasAby Pseudomonas aeruginosa Require ZincandCalcium Ions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theability ofPseudomonas aeruginosatodegrade elastin, a majorcomponent ofconnective tissue, likely contributes toitspathogenicity andmultiplication inhumantissues. Twoextracellular enzymesarerequired forP.aeruginosa elastolytic activity: elastase andLasA.Elastase isazincmetalloprotease, butlittle isknown aboutthestructure ofLasA.When grown undermetalion-deficient conditions, P.aeruginosa culture supernatants were foundtoexhibit a lowlevel ofelastolytic activity, whichcoincided withproduction oflow levels ofthe51-kDaproelastase andno detectable LasA.Byusing this fact toidentify factors thatpromote elastolytic activity, P.aeruginosa PAO1,FRD2,andDG1 were grown inmetalion-deficient medium supplemented withzinc(l0-4




El Informe Anual a la Nación indica que las tasas de mortalidad por cáncer continúan declinando. Se observan tasas menores de cáncer en las poblaciones latinas de los Estados Unidos.

Un informe nuevo de las principales organizaciones oncológicas de la nación informa que el riesgo de los estadounidenses de morir por cáncer continúa descendiendo, y que mantiene una tendencia que comenzó a principios de los años noventa. Preguntas y respuestas



Microsoft Academic Search

Este trabajo analizó y evaluó las estrategias de desarrollo turístico propuestas por los tres órdenes de gobierno y las sugeridas por organismos internacionales, durante los años 2000 - 2008 en beneficio de Chetumal, Q. Roo. Las estrategias de gobierno compiladas en Instrumentos de Planeación (IP), tienen por objeto ofrecer oportunidades de desarrollo para la ciudad de Chetumal, con proyección en

Edgar Manuel Gutiérrez García



Invasive Species Databases: Proceedings of a Workshop. Held in Las Vegas, Nevada on November 12-13, 1998.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The workshop, which was held in Las Vegas, Nevada, on November 12-13, 1998, in association with the American Phytopathological Society and Entomological Society of America, served as the basis for these proceedings. The introductory section for these proc...

R. L. Ridgway W. P. Gregg R. E. Stinner A. G. Brown




Microsoft Academic Search

Se exponen algunos conceptos sobre gestión de la información desde la perspectiva de diversos autores. Se definen ambiente y cultura organizacional en el contexto de las organizaciones y se analiza su influencia en los procesos de gestión de la información.

Esther Paredes Esponda



Removal of nutrients and metals by constructed and naturally created wetlands in the Las Vegas Valley, Nevada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increased water use associated with rapid growth in the Las Vegas Valley has inadvertently led to the creation of unique wetland\\u000a systems in Southern Nevada with an abundance of biological diversity. Constructed and naturally created wetlands in the Las\\u000a Vegas Valley watershed were studied to characterize and understand their potential role for improving ecosystem services (i.e.,\\u000a water purification). Nutrient and

Achyut R. Adhikari; Kumud Acharya; Seth A. Shanahan; Xiaoping Zhou



Seismic Data for Evaluation of Ground Motion Hazards in Las Vegas in Support of Test Site Readiness Ground Motion  

SciTech Connect

In this report we describe the data sets used to evaluate ground motion hazards in Las Vegas from nuclear tests at the Nevada Test Site. This analysis is presented in Rodgers et al. (2005, 2006) and includes 13 nuclear explosions recorded at the John Blume and Associates network, the Little Skull Mountain earthquake and a temporary deployment of broadband station in Las Vegas. The data are available in SAC format on CD-ROM as an appendix to this report.

Rodgers, A



The Las Matras tonalitic–trondhjemitic pluton, central Argentina: Grenvillian-age constraints, geochemical characteristics, and regional implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The N–S trending belt with Grenvillian-age rocks developed in central western Argentina represents the basement of an allochthonous terrane derived from Laurentia during the Early Paleozoic. The Las Matras pluton (36°46?S, 67°07?W) is located at the southern extension of this belt in the Las Matras Block. It consists of a low-Al tonalitic to trondhjemitic facies characteristic of an arc magmatism.

A.M. Sato; H. Tickyj; E. J. Llambiasa; K. Sato



Influence of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) on the structure of Alphaproteobacteria , Actinobacteria , and Acidobacteria communities in a soil microcosm  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background, aim, and scope  Linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) is the most used anionic surfactant in a worldwide scale and is considered a high-priority\\u000a pollutant. LAS is regarded as a readily biodegradable product under aerobic conditions in aqueous media and is mostly removed\\u000a in wastewater treatment plants, but an important fraction (20–25%) is immobilized in sewage sludge and persists under anoxic\\u000a conditions.

Jesús González-López; Clementina Pozo; Belén Rodelas



Overexpression of the Brassica napus BnLAS gene in Arabidopsis affects plant development and increases drought tolerance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The GRAS proteins are a family of transcription regulators found in plants and play diverse roles in plant growth and development.\\u000a To study the biological roles of GRAS family genes in Brassica napus, an Arabidopsis LAS homologous gene, BnLAS and its two homologs were cloned from B. napus and its two progenitor species, Brassica rapa and Brassica oleracea. Relatively high

Minggui Yang; Qingyong Yang; Tingdong Fu; Yongming Zhou



Infraestructuras urbanas de la Segunda Revolución Tecnológica. La difusión del teléfono en las ciudades españolas, 1877-1930  

Microsoft Academic Search

El uso del teléfono es en el mundo globalizado de hoy algo tan indisolublemente ligado a nuestros hábitos cotidianos que resulta casi impensable concebir una época en que tal servicio estuviera ausente. Profundizar en el estudio del origen y desarrollo del teléfono supone, pues, enfrentarse con algunas de las claves de la civilización actual. \\u000a\\u000aLa difusión del teléfono en las

Àngel Calvo Calvo



An Aerial Radiological Survey of the City of North Las Vegas (Downtown) and the Motor Speedway  

SciTech Connect

As part of the proficiency training for the Radiological Mapping mission of the Aerial Measuring System (AMS), a survey team from the Remote Sensing Laboratory-Nellis (RSL-Nellis) conducted an aerial radiological survey on December 11-12, 2007, with the purpose of mapping natural radiation background and locating any man-made radioactive sources. The survey covered 19.4 square miles (9.2 square miles over the downtown area of the City of North Las Vegas and 10.2 square miles over the Las Vegas Motor Speedway [LVMS]). The flight lines over the surveyed areas are presented in Figures 1 and 2. A total of four 2.5-hour-long flights were performed at an altitude of 150 ft above ground level (AGL) with 300 ft of flight line spacing. Water line and test line flights were conducted over the Lake Mead and Government Wash areas to ensure quality control of the data. The data were collected by the AMS data acquisition system-REDAR V using an array of twelve 2-inch x 4-inch x 16-inch sodium iodide (NaI) detectors flown on-board a twin-engine Bell 412 helicopter. Data in the form of gamma energy spectra were collected continually (every second) over the course of the survey and were geo-referenced using a differential Global Positioning System. Collection of spectral data allows the system to distinguish between ordinary fluctuations in natural background radiation levels and the signature produced by man-made radioisotopes sources. Spectral data can also be used to identify specific radioactive isotopes. As a courtesy service with the approval of the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration, Nevada Site Office, RSL-Nellis is providing this summary to the office of the Mayor of City of North Las Vegas and LVMS security along with the gross counts-based exposure rate and man-made counts maps.

Piotr Wasiolek



Interferograms showing land subsidence and uplift in Las Vegas Valley, Nevada, 1992-99  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Nevada Department of Conservation and Natural Resources-Division of Water Resources and the Las Vegas Valley Water District, compiled 44 individual interferograms and 1 stacked interferogram comprising 29 satellite synthetic aperture radar acquisitions of Las Vegas Valley, Nevada, from 1992 to 1999. The interferograms, which depict short-term, seasonal, and long-term trends in land subsidence and uplift, are viewable with an interactive map. The interferograms show that land subsidence and uplift generally occur in localized areas, are responsive to ground-water pumpage and artificial recharge, and, in part, are fault controlled. Information from these interferograms can be used by water and land managers to mitigate land subsidence and associated damage. Land subsidence attributed to ground-water pumpage has been documented in Las Vegas Valley since the 1940s. Damage to roads, buildings, and other engineered structures has been associated with this land subsidence. Land uplift attributed to artificial recharge and reduced pumping has been documented since the 1990s. Measuring these land-surface changes with traditional benchmark and Global Positioning System surveys can be costly and time consuming, and results typically are spatially and temporally sparse. Interferograms are relatively inexpensive and provide temporal and spatial resolutions previously not achievable. The interferograms are viewable with an interactive map. Landsat images from 1993 and 2000 are viewable for frames of reference to locate areas of interest and help determine land use. A stacked interferogram for 1992-99 is viewable to visualize the cumulative vertical displacement for the period represented by the individual interferograms. The interactive map enables users to identify and estimate the magnitude of vertical displacement, visually analyze deformation trends, and view interferograms and Landsat images side by side. The interferograms and Landsat images are available for download, in formats for use with Geographic Information System software.

Pavelko, Michael T.; Hoffmann, Jorn; Damar, Nancy A.



Anaerobic degradation of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) in fluidized bed reactor by microbial consortia in different support materials.  


Four anaerobic fluidized bed reactors filled with activated carbon (R1), expanded clay (R2), glass beads (R3) and sand (R4) were tested for anaerobic degradation of LAS. All reactors were inoculated with sludge from a UASB reactor treating swine wastewater and were fed with a synthetic substrate supplemented with approximately 20 mg l(-1) of LAS, on average. To 560 mg l(-1) COD influent, the maximum COD and LAS removal efficiencies were mean values of 97+/-2% and 99+/-2%, respectively, to all reactors demonstrating the potential applicability of this reactor configuration for treating LAS. The reactors were kept at 30 degrees C and operated with a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 18h. The use of glass beads and sand appear attractive because they favor the development of biofilms capable of supporting LAS degradation. Subsequent 16S rRNA gene sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of samples from reactors R3 and R4 revealed that these reactors gave rise to broad microbial diversity, with microorganisms belonging to the phyla Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria, indicating the role of microbial consortia in degrading the surfactant LAS. PMID:20189800

de Oliveira, Lorena Lima; Costa, Rachel Biancalana; Okada, Dagoberto Yukio; Vich, Daniele Vital; Duarte, Iolanda Cristina Silveira; Silva, Edson Luiz; Varesche, Maria Bernadete Amâncio



A brief hydrologic appraisal of the July 3-4, 1975, flash flood in Las Vegas Valley, Nevada  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Heavy thunderstorm precipitation on the afternoon of July 3, 1975, between metropolitan Las Vegas and the mountains to the south, west, and north, caused flash flooding in the city area. Total storm precipitation equaled or exceeded 3 inches (76 mm) in some areas. The total storm yield on the area of significant runoff was probably between 20,000 and 25,000 acre-feet (2.5 x 107 m3 and 3.1 x 107 m3) of water. Of this amount, probably less than 3,000 acre-feet (37 x 106 m3) flowed directly to Lake Mead. Peak flows of Tropicana Wash, Flamingo Wash, Las Vegas Creek, and Las Vegas Wash were the highest ever determined. Flooding caused the loss of two lives and inflicted extensive property damage. Total damage was reportedly estimated by the Clark County Flood Control District at $4-5 million. Problems associated with sediment erosion, transportation, and deposition occurred throughout the flooded area. An unknown amount of the material transported during the flood was deposited in Lake Mead near the mouth of Las Vegas Wash. Lateral erosion appeared more prominent than vertical erosion along most major channels, except on Las Vegas Wash at Northshore Road where downcutting threatened the loss of the highway. Sediment deposits were particularly noticeable and troublesome in Flamingo Wash at Caesars Palace parking lot and on the Winterwood Golf Course near the junction of Flamingo Wash and Las Vegas Wash.

Katzer, T. L.; Glancy, Patrick A.; Harmsen, Lynn



Seasonal subsidence and rebound in Las Vegas Valley, Nevada, observed by synthetic aperture radar interferometry  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Analyses of areal variations in the subsidence and rebound occurring over stressed aquifer systems, in conjunction with measurements of the hydraulic head fluctuations causing these displacements, can yield valuable information about the compressibility and storage properties of the aquifer system. Historically, stress-strain relationships have been derived from paired extensometer/piezometer installations, which provide only point source data. Because of the general unavailability of spatially detailed deformation data, areal stress-strain relations and their variability are not commonly considered in constraining conceptual and numerical models of aquifer systems. Interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) techniques can map ground displacements at a spatial scale of tens of meters over 100 km wide swaths. InSAR has been used previously to characterize larger magnitude, generally permanent aquifer system compaction and land subsidence at yearly and longer timescales, caused by sustained drawdown of ground-water levels that produces intergranular stresses consistently greater than the maximum historical stress. We present InSAR measurements of the typically small-magnitude, generally recoverable deformations of the Las Vegas Valley aquifer system occurring at seasonal timescales. From these we derive estimates of the elastic storage coefficient for the aquifer system at several locations in Las Vegas Valley. These high-resolution measurements offer great potential for future investigations into the mechanics of aquifer systems and the spatial heterogeneity of aquifer system structure and material properties as well as for monitoring ongoing aquifer system compaction and land subsidence.

Hoffmann, J.; Zebker, H. A.; Galloway, D. L.; Amelung, F.



Rock magnetic properties and ore microscopy of the iron ore deposit of Las Truchas, Michoacan, Mexico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Iron ore and host rocks have been sampled (90 oriented samples from 19 sites) from the Las Truchas mine, western Mexico. A broad range of magnetic parameters have been studied to characterize the samples: saturation magnetization, Curie temperature, density, susceptibility, remanence intensity, Koenigsberger ratio, and hysteresis parameters. Magnetic properties are controlled by variations in titanomagnetite content, deuteric oxidation, and hydrothermal alteration. Las Truchas deposit formed by contact metasomatism in a Mesozoic volcano-sedimentary sequence intruded by a batholith, and titanomagnetites underwent intermediate degrees of deuteric oxidation. Post-mineralization hydrothermal alteration, evidenced by pyrite, epidote, sericite, and kaolin, seems to be the major event that affected the minerals and magnetic properties. Magnetite grain sizes in iron ores range from 5 to >200 ?m, which suggest dominance of multidomain (MD) states. Curie temperatures are 580±5°C, characteristic of magnetite. Hysteresis parameters indicate that most samples have MD magnetite, some samples pseudo-single domain (PSD), and just a few single domain (SD) particles. AF demagnetization and IRM acquisition indicate that NRM and laboratory remanences are carried by MD magnetite in iron ores and PSD-SD magnetite in host rocks. The Koenigsberger ratio falls in a narrow range between 0.1 and 10, indicating the significance of MD and PSD magnetites.

Alva-Valdivia, L. M.; Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J.



INTRAVAL Phase 2: Modeling testing at the Las Cruces Trench Site  

SciTech Connect

Several field experiments have been performed by scientists from the University of Arizona and New Mexico State University at the Las Cruces Trench Site to provide data tc test deterministic and stochastic models for water flow and solute transport. These experiments were performed in collaboration with INTRAVAL, an international effort toward validation of geosphere models for the transport of radionuclides. During Phase I of INTRAVAL, qualitative comparisons between experimental data and model predictions were made using contour plots of water contents and solute concentrations. Detailed quantitative comparisons were not made. To provide data for more rigorous model testing, a third Las Cruces Trench experiment was designed by scientists from the University of Arizona and New Mexico State University. Modelers from the Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analysis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, New Mexico State University, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, and the University of Texas provided predictions of water flow and tritium transport to New Mexico State University for analysis. The corresponding models assumed soil characterizations ranging from uniform to deterministically heterogeneous to stochastic. This report presents detailed quantitative comparisons to field data.

Hills, R.G. [New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Wierenga, P.J. [Arizona Univ., Tucson, AZ (United States). Dept. of Soil and Water Science; Luis, S.; McLaughlin, D. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States); Rockhold, M. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Xiang, J.; Scanlon, B. [Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States). Bureau of Economic Geology; Wittmeyer, G. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States). Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses



Ground-water conditions in Las Veags Valley, Clark County, Nevada; part 1 Hydrogeologic Framework  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report describes the lithology, thickness, and extent of valley-fill deposits in Las Vegas Valley, Nev. This information will be used to develop a hydraulic model of the valley's ground-water system. Las Vegas Valley is a structural basin formed by bedrock that ranges in age from Precambrian through Miocene. Gravity data indicate that the deeper parts of the basin are filled with 3,000-5,000 feet of clastic sedimentary deposits that range in age from Miocene through Holocene. These deposits constitute the valley-fill aquifer and yield most of the water pumped in the valley. The upper 1,000 feet of this valley fill consist of coarse-grained deposits (sand and gravel), fine-grained deposits (silt and clay), and heterogeneous deposits that comprise either thinly interbedded coarse- and fine-grained deposits or mixtures of the two. Coarse-grained deposits, in places more than 1,000 feet thick, underlie the south and west sides of the valley and interfinger with fine-grained and heterogeneous deposits toward the center of the valley. Intervals of fairly thin heterogeneous deposits underlie parts of the valley, but they are not laterally persistent. The distribution of coarse-grained and fine-grained deposits in three depth zones of the valley fill (0-200 feet, 200-700 feet, and 700-1,000 feet) suggests that: (1) the Spring Mountains and McCullough Range were the major sources of clastic material for the valley fill; (2) Frenchman Mountain and the Las Vegas Range were emplaced later than the Spring Mountains; (3) the east side of the Spring Mountains, which was originally closer to the center of the valley, has receded westward because of erosion; and (4) shallow, fine-grained deposits (0-200 feet deep) are more susceptible to subsidence than deeper ones. The bedrock basin that underlies Las Vegas Valley consists of a deeply buried part that underlies most of the valley and a shallow bedrock surface on the west side of the valley. The deep part of the basin is bounded on the east by normal faults at the base of Frenchman Mountain, on the west by a possible normal fault that coincides with a zone of fault scarps, on the north by vertical or strike-slip displacement along the Las Vegas shear zone, and on the northwest by a bedrock high that underlies the area between Tule Springs and Corn Creek Springs. The shallow bedrock surface (as much as 1,000 feet deep) underlies the west side of the valley from La Madre Mountain to the McCullough Range. Some of the fault scarps in the valley fill coincide with possible bedrock faults, which suggests a tectonic origin for some of the faulting of valley-fill deposits; however, the area of fault scarps on the west side of the valley also coincides with a rapid lateral change from incompressible bedrock to more compressible valley-fill deposits. Thus, both differential compaction and tectonic movement may be responsible for faulting of valley-fill deposits.

Plume, Russell W.



Aerosol Optical Properties of Smoke from the Las Conchas Wildfire, Los Alamos, NM  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Las Conchas wildfire in Northern New Mexico started on June, 26 2011 and spread rapidly, eventually burning an area of 634 km2 (245 mi2). Due to the close proximity to the fire, the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) was shut down and the town evacuated for several days. Immediately after LANL reopened (7/6/2011) the Earth and Environmental Sciences Division (EES-14) attained unique measurements of the smoke by sampling the ambient air. Three Integrated Photoacoustic/Nephelometer Spectrometers (DMT Inc.) were set up to measure aerosol light absorption and scattering coefficients. A University of Northwest Switzerland thermodenuder was used to remove compounds that are volatile at temperatures up to 200C. The aerosol's optical properties were measured before and after denuding the sample at 405nm (blue), 532nm (green), 781nm (red), and for non-denuded particles also at 375nm (ultraviolet). The aerosol size distributions were measured after the denuder with a Laser Aerosol Spectrometer (LAS, TSI Inc.) and black carbon was measured with a Single Particle Soot Photometer (SP2, DMT Inc.). Additionally, ambient measurements of Total Particulate Matter (PM2.5 and PM10) were collected continuously at the LANL air monitoring stations. These measurements are used in conjunction with numerical simulations to determine the bulk optical properties of the aerosol. Aerosols in wildfire smoke are composed of organic and black carbon (soot) particles that are formed during wood combustion and pyrolysis. The optical properties of the smoke particles are complex and lead to large uncertainties in assessing the global climate. During the measurement period, the Las Conchas fire provided very high particle concentrations (up to 200 ?g/m3) that were exploited to investigate their optical properties. By heating the particles to temperatures ranging from 75 to 200C in the denuder, volatile organics were removed and the optical properties of the remaining particles were measured. Denuding of the aerosols, removed the outer organic coatings leaving behind the inner core of black carbon (soot) and any compounds that did not volatize completely. By simultaneously measuring the optical properties of the non-denuded as well as the denuded aerosol, we can study how the coatings affect the optical properties. The absorption coefficient measurements showed that coatings can cause an increase or decrease in absorption. The photoacoustic measurements were also combined with SP2 measurements to gain a mechanistic understanding of the effect of composition on the mass light absorption cross-sections of carbonaceous aerosols emitted by fires.

Gorkowski, K.; Dubey, M. K.; Flowers, B. A.; Aiken, A. C.; Klein, B. Z.; Mazzoleni, C.; Sharma, N.; China`, S.



The degradation of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) in the presence of light and natural biofilms: the important role of photosynthesis.  


Photosynthesis of algae usually changes the chemical conditions of microenvironment in natural waters. However, few studies have been carried out to examine the effects of diurnal variation and photosynthesis on behavior of organic pollutants in aquatic environments. In this study, linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) was selected as a representative of non-persistent organic pollutants to investigate the degradation of this type of pollutants in the presence of light and natural biofilms by laboratory batch experiments, with special emphasis on the effect of photosynthesis of the biofilms. The maximum decrease of LAS was observed in the coexistence of both illumination and fully active biofilms, and about 75% of the LAS were removed after a 36-h degradation experiment. The removal of LAS was found to be dominated by photosynthesis of the biofilms, with lesser roles attributed to biodegradation and adsorption by the biofilms, and the role of direct photolysis was negligible. The production of some reactive oxygen species might account for the role of photosynthesis in decomposing the LAS. The study confirms the important roles of algae biofilms and their photosynthesis in determining the fate of organic pollutants in aquatic environments. PMID:22742730

Hua, Xiuyi; Li, Ming; Su, Yulong; Dong, Deming; Guo, Zhiyong; Liang, Dapeng



The study of ozone variations in the Las Vegas metropolitan area using remote sensing information and ground observations  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Urban development in the Las Vegas Valley, Nevada, has grown rapidly in the past fifty years. Associated with this growth has been a change in landscape from natural cover types to developed urban land mixed with planned vegetation canopy throughout in the metropolitan area. Air quality in the Las Vegas Valley has been affected by increases in anthropogenic emissions and concentrations of carbon monoxide, ozone, and criteria pollutants of particular matter. Ozone concentration in the region is generally influenced by synoptic and mesoscale meteorological conditions, as well as regional transport of pollutants from the western side of Las Vegas. Local influences from ground-level nitrogen oxide emissions and vegetation canopy coverage also affect ozone concentration. Multi-year observational data collected by a network of local air monitoring stations in Clark County, Nevada, indicate that ozone maximums develop in May and June, while minimums exist primarily from November to February. Ozone concentrations are high on the west and northwest sides of the valley. A nighttime ozone reduction in the urban area characterizes the heterogeneous features of spatial distribution for average ozone levels in the Las Vegas urban area. The urban vegetation canopy has a locally positive effect by reducing ozone in urban areas. Decreased ozone levels associated with increased urban development density suggests that the highest ozone concentrations are associated with medium- to low-density urban development in Las Vegas.

Xian, G.; Crane, M.



Late neandertals in southeastern Iberia: Sima de las Palomas del Cabezo Gordo, Murcia, Spain.  


Middle Paleolithic fossil human remains from the Sima de las Palomas in southeastern Iberia (dated to

Walker, Michael J; Gibert, Josep; López, Mariano V; Lombardi, A Vincent; Pérez-Pérez, Alejandro; Zapata, Josefina; Ortega, Jon; Higham, Thomas; Pike, Alistair; Schwenninger, Jean-Luc; Zilhão, João; Trinkaus, Erik



Mössbauer Study of Ceramic Finds from the Galería de las Ofrendas, Chavín de Huántar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ceramic finds from the Galería de las Ofrendas at Chavín de Huántar and surface finds from the settlement of Chavín were characterised by combining the results of archaeological typology with archaeometric studies using neutron activation analysis, Mössbauer spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and thin-section microscopy. Sherds from the pyramid Tello are included in the study as representative of local material. The analyses show that the vessels were made from different raw materials and that different firing procedures were used in their production. Sherds of certain styles largely exhibit similar types of Mössbauer patterns and in many instances also have similar element compositions. This supports the archaeological notion that the vessels were brought to Chavín from the provinces, perhaps on the occasion of a festivity.

Lumbreras, L. G.; Gebhard, R.; Häusler, W.; Kauffmann-Doig, F.; Riederer, J.; Sieben, G.; Wagner, U.



Prevalence of ectoparasitic arthropods on wild animals and cattle in the Las Merindades area (Burgos, Spain).  


This paper reports the prevalence of ectoparasitic arthropods in sampled groups of wild (n = 128; 16 species) and domestic (n = 69; 3 species) animals in the Las Merindades area of the Province of Burgos, Spain. The study revealed that wild animals were more infested and with a wider variety of ectoparasites than domestic animals. The parasitic prevalence was 67% for wild animals and 48% for livestock. In this way, 39% of animals were infected by ticks. Ixodes ricinus and Ixodes hexagonus were the most prevalent species whereas Dermacentor reticulatus showed affinity for the fox and wolf. The overall prevalence of parasitisation by fleas was 27%. Ctenophthalmus spp. showed the wider range host in wild animals, while Pulex irritans was the most frequent specie found. The parasitic prevalences by lice (Trichodectes melis, Trichodectes canis and Trichodectes mustelae) and by mite (Neotrombicula spp., Laelaps agilis and Sarcoptes scabiei) were 4% and 12%, respectively. In both cases only wild animals were found parasited. PMID:21894267

Domínguez-Peñafiel, G; Giménez-Pardo, C; Gegúndez, Mi; Lledó, L



Fishery of the Green Jack Caranx caballus (Osteichytes: Carangidae) in Las Perlas Archipelago, Pacific Panama.  


Green Jacks, Caranx caballus, are distributed along the Eastern Pacific coast. In Panama, C. caballus was heavily fished around Las Perlas Archipelago to sustain local markets until 2007, when the archipelago was declared a marine protected area. This first study in Panama, analyzed a sample of 4 990 individuals from Las Perlas, obtained monthly from June 2005 to June 2006, from landings at the central fish market. Average total length was 36.1 +/- 6.4cm and optimum length 38.9cm. Approximately 68% of fish lengths were within +/-10% of the optimal length but only six (15%) were considered mega-spawners. The von Bertalanffy parameters describe a long-lived and fast growing species, while mortality rates revealed that C. caballus is under high fishing pressure. Standard length at which half of the population is mature was 38.8cm, and the size at which individuals matured massively, 33cm. Only 10-13% of the fish were immature. C. caballus reproduces two to three times per year, with peaks in December, April, and probably September, and recruits to the population at least twice per year. Catch per unit effort (CPUE) was best predicted by minimum annual values of the Multivariate ENSO/LNSO Index (MEI) (R2=0.54). Results show that C. caballus in Pacific Panama is overfished. We recommend the raising of the minimum capture/landing size of this species in order to increase the proportion of mega-spawners in the population and guarantee the sustainability of this resource. PMID:23025097

Mair, James M; Cipriani, Roberto; Guzman, Hector M; Usan, David



A design for a new catalog manager and associated file management for the Land Analysis System (LAS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Due to the larger number of different types of files used in an image processing system, a mechanism for file management beyond the bounds of typical operating systems is necessary. The Transportable Applications Executive (TAE) Catalog Manager was written to meet this need. Land Analysis System (LAS) users at the EROS Data Center (EDC) encountered some problems in using the TAE catalog manager, including catalog corruption, networking difficulties, and lack of a reliable tape storage and retrieval capability. These problems, coupled with the complexity of the TAE catalog manager, led to the decision to design a new file management system for LAS, tailored to the needs of the EDC user community. This design effort, which addressed catalog management, label services, associated data management, and enhancements to LAS applications, is described. The new file management design will provide many benefits including improved system integration, increased flexibility, enhanced reliability, enhanced portability, improved performance, and improved maintainability.

Greenhagen, Cheryl



Medicinal ethnobotany in Huacareta (Chuquisaca, Bolivia)  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to document the types of diseases treated by the use of medicinal plants, their main applications and also to have a report of the major diseases treated at the Hospital of San Pablo de Huacareta (Chuquisaca Bolivia). Methods We conducted semi-structured interviews on the use medicinal plants with 10 local informants, and categorized the kinds of diseases treated by traditional medicine. We obtained reports of cases treated at the Hospital of Huacareta in order to compare the use frequency of traditional medicine and allopathic medicine for the treatment of recurrent diseases in the area. Results Our survey identified 258 traditional medicine uses, spanning a total of 13 diseases categories and including 91 native and exotic plant species and one unidentified sample plant type. Gastrointestinal disorders (55%) were most frequently treated with medicinal plants, followed by afflictions of the musculoskeletal system (25%) and dermatological disorders (24%). Hospital information indicates that the most common diseases are acute respiratory infections (47%) and acute diarrheal diseases (37%). The herbal remedies were mostly used in the form of teas and decoctions. The informants used mainly native plant species, although exotic species has been introduced to the pharmacopoeia. Conclusions The treatment of gastrointestinal disorders is the primary objective of the medical ethnobotany of the inhabitants of Huacareta, while respiratory system diseases are mostly treated in the hospital. Looking at the data from the Hospital records we can infer that gastrointestinal disorders are among the most common diseases in the study area. For most respondents, traditional medicine is a reliable choice for the care of their illnesses. However, the preference of the population for either traditional medicine or allopathic medicine needs to be clarified in future comparative studies to obtain more convincing results. The results presented can be used as a base for subsequent work related to traditional medicine and its contribution to allopathic medicine in San Pablo de Huacareta. Resumen Introducción El objetivo del presente estudio fue documentar los tipos de enfermedades tratadas mediante el uso de plantas medicinales, sus aplicaciones principales y también tener un reporte de las enfermedades mayormente atendidas en el Hospital de San Pablo de Huacareta (Chuquisaca, Bolivia). Métodos Se realizaron encuestas semiestructuradas a 10 informantes locales anotando los usos atribuidos a sus plantas medicinales, se agruparon las plantas por categorías de enfermedades tratadas en la medicina tradicional. Se obtuvieron reportes de casos tratados en el Hospital de Huacareta para poder relacionar el tratamiento de enfermedades recurrentes en la zona entre la medicina tradicional y la medicina occidental. Resultados Se reportaron 91 especies nativas y exóticas, además de un espécimen indeterminado exótico que intervienen en un total de 258 aplicaciones medicinales, las cuales son empleadas en un total de 13 categorías de enfermedades. Los desórdenes gastrointestinales (55%) son mayormente tratados mediante plantas medicinales, seguidas de las afecciones al sistema esqueleto-muscular (25%) y enfermedades dermatológicas (24%). La información del Hospital indica que las enfermedades más frecuentes son Infecciones Respiratorias Agudas (47%) y Enfermedades Diarreicas Agudas (37%). Los remedios vegetales se emplean en forma de infusiones y cocciones principalmente. Se emplean mayormente plantas nativas, también se introdujo en la farmacopea médica el uso de plantas exóticas al lugar. Conclusiones El tratamiento de trastornos gastrointestinales constituye el objetivo primordial de la etnobotánica médica de los habitantes de Huacareta, las enfermedades del sistema respiratorio, son mayormente tratadas en el Hospital. Observando los datos del libro de consultas del Hospital, se puede inferir que los desórdenes gastrointestinales



Paleoslope, sea-level and climate controls on Upper Miocene platform evolution, Las Negras area, southeastern Spain  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Carbonate platforms in the Las Negras area evolved from onlapping ramps to fringing reef complexes later draped by cyclic shallow marine strata. Although sea-level history and paleoclimate had an effect on platform evolution, substrate topography played a dominant role. The strata are divided into five depositional sequences of Tortonian and Messinian age. The model of platform evolution provided by the Las Negras area exposures likely has applications for other Miocene carbonate complexes in the Mediterranean and could apply to other carbonate complexes in the rock record.

Franseen, E. K.; Goldstein, R. H.



Informe Anual a la Nación sobre el Estado del Cáncer 1975-2002 con una sección especial sobre las tendencias de tratamiento: preguntas y respuestas

Las organizaciones oncológicas principales de la nación informan que el riesgo de los estadounidenses de morir de cáncer sigue disminuyendo y que las tasas de casos nuevos de cáncer permanecen estables. El Informe Anual a la Nación sobre el Estado del Cáncer, de 1975 a 2002, señala que las tasas de mortalidad de cáncer que se observaron para todos los cánceres combinados disminuyeron 1,1 por ciento por año de 1993 a 2002.


La implementación de acuerdos comerciales preferenciales en América Latina: Las experiencias de CH, CR, ES, PE en la implementación de las disposiciones sobre acceso a mercados en el marco de los tratados de libre comercio con Estados Unidos  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este estudio abordará los desafíos y dificultades asociadas con la implementación y administración de las disposiciones sobre acceso a mercados, con especial énfasis en aquellas relacionadas con aduanas y facilitación del comercio. El análisis se realizará para los Tratados de Libre Comercio de Chile - EE.UU; Perú - EE.UU y para el Tratado de Libre Comercio entre Estados Unidos, Centroamérica

Juan Luis Zuñiga; Brian Rankin Staples



Percepcion de los profesores universitarios acerca del concepto cultura cientifica y de sus implicaciones en el nuevo bachillerato del Recinto de Rio Piedras de la Universidad de Puerto Rico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

El Senado Academico del Recinto de Rio Piedras de la Universidad de Puerto Rico aprobo en el ano academico 2005-2006 la Certificacion 46, que contiene los lineamientos de un nuevo bachillerato. Este nuevo bachillerato introdujo cambios significativos en el curriculo tradicional. Entre ellos se encuentra la reduccion del componente de educacion general y el de Ciencias Biologicas en particular. La reduccion de creditos en el componente de Ciencias Biologicas ha obligado a reevaluar el concepto de cultura cientifica que desarrollan esos cursos. El proposito del estudio consistio en auscultar las percepciones de los profesores de las Facultades de Administracion de Empresas, Humanidades, Ciencias Sociales, Ciencias Naturales, Educacion y Estudios Generales del Recinto de Rio Piedras de la Universidad de Puerto Rico en torno al concepto de cultura cientifica, los contenidos disciplinares del curso de Ciencias Biologicas y la reduccion de creditos en el nuevo bachillerato. Las preguntas que guiaron la investigacion fueron: ¿cuales son las percepciones que tienen los profesores de las Facultades de Administracion de Empresas, Ciencias Sociales, Estudios Generales, Ciencias Naturales, Humanidades y Educacion, en torno al concepto de cultura cientifica y los contenidos disciplinares del curso de Ciencias Biologicas? ¿cuales son las percepciones que tienen los profesores de Ciencias Biologicas en torno al concepto cultura cientifica y los contenidos disciplinares del curso de Ciencias Biologicas? ¿existen diferencias significativas por facultad, genero, experiencia, rango y nombramiento en las percepciones que tienen los profesores del Recinto de Rio Piedras de la Universidad de Puerto Rico sobre los elementos que caracterizan la cultura cientifica y los contenidos biologicos que deben tener los egresados del Recinto? ¿que implicaciones curriculares tienen estos testimonios en el desarrollo del concepto de cultura cientifica en el nuevo bachillerato? Para realizar la investigacion se utilizo una metodologia cuantitativa y la herramienta para lograrlo fue una encuesta. La encuesta se analizo estadisticamente mediante analisis de frecuencias y por cientos, prueba ANOVA, prueba t, pruebas Post Hoc de Tukey y de Levene. Tambien se realizo nuevamente una prueba de confiabilidad mediante el alfa de Cronbach. Los resultados reflejaron que los profesores de las Facultades de Administracion de Empresas, Ciencias Sociales, Ciencias Naturales, Educacion, Humanidades, Estudios Generales y el Departamento de Ciencias Biologicas tienen una percepcion muy positiva del concepto de cultura cientifica, los contenidos curriculares de Ciencias Biologicas y del nuevo bachillerato.

Ramos Pastrana, Nilsa


Percepción de los Clientes Bancarios sobre las Acciones de Recuperación del Servicio en Chile Perception of the Retail Banking Customers Regarding the Service Recovery Efforts in Chile  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN. El artículo valida, desde el punto de vista de los clientes bancarios, seis acciones que los bancos deberían tomar para manejar los reclamos de los clientes. Ellas son la corrección de los errores, la indemnización, la atención a los consumidores, el tiempo que se demoran los bancos en dar una respuesta al reclamo y el tiempo y esfuerzo que



Water Quality of la Cuenca Abangares en Las Juntas, Costa Rica: Analysis of water pollution using benthic macroinvertebrates  

Microsoft Academic Search

El río Abangares tiene contaminación porque de los cantidades de los macro invertebrados en los sedimentos. Después de desordenar las rocas en el río, colecté insectos e identificarlos. Entonces, yo compare los insectos diferentes en los partes del río y hace conclusiones de calidad del agua. Introduction\\/Background: Costa Rica is a country rich with rainforest and natural wonders. The beauty

Valerie Brown


The emplacement of the granitic Las Tazas complex, northern Chile: the relationship between local and regional strain  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Coastal batholith of northern Chile grew under transtensional–extensional conditions that prevailed along the Andean margin during the Mesozoic. The batholith hosts the Atacama Fault Zone, a major arc-parallel fault system which was characterised by sinistral transtensional shearing during the Early Cretaceous. The Las Tazas complex is a composite granitoid intrusion that was emplaced syntectonically along the Atacama Fault Zone

Jeff Wilson; John Grocott



Anomalías de los Mercados Financieros. Análisis de las Empresas Gallegas que cotizan en el Mercado de Renta Variable  

Microsoft Academic Search

El análisis de los resultados económicos de principios del siglo apuntan a una desaceleración de las economías europeas, particularmente la alemana , cuyos efectos adversos también se han reflejado en la Economía Española. En particular, en los mercados financieros se ha constatado una evolución muy irregular, si bien la situación de España respecto a otros mercados de acciones desarrollados, ocupa

Lucy Amigo Dobaño



Bartolome de Las Casas; Protector of the Indians. The Tinker Pamphlet Series for the Teaching of Mexican American Heritage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bartolome de las Casas devoted himself completely to crusading for the rights of the Indians. Although he was never a missionary among Indians, he began projects such as the Indians' conversion in the Land of War in Guatemala, which later became the task of his Dominican colleagues. However, his true importance lay in his role as the Indians'…

Miller, Hubert J.


Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance Report HETA 90-114-L2066, National RX Services, Incorporated, Las Vegas, Nevada.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to a request from a representative of the Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers International Union, a study was made of possible hazardous working conditions at National RX Services, Las Vegas, Nevada. The company was engaged in the mail order ph...

W. Daniels B. Bernard



Long-Term Assessment of the Oil Spill at Bahia Las Minas, Panama. Interim Report. Volume 1: Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On April 27, 1986, at least 8 million liters of medium-weight crude oil spilled from a ruptured storage tank into the Bahia Las Minas on the Caribbean Coast of Panama. Coral reefs, seagrass communities, and mangroves were affected. The area of the spill w...

B. D. Keller J. B. C. Jackson



Long-Term Assessment of the Oil Spill at Bahia Las Minas, Panama. Interim Report. Volume 2: Technical Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On April 27, 1986, at least 8 million liters of medium-weight crude oil spilled from a ruptured storage tank into the Bahia Las Minas on the Caribbean Coast of Panama. Coral reefs, seagrass communities, and mangroves were affected. The area of the spill w...

B. D. Keller J. B. C. Jackson



Little Girl Lost: Las Vegas Metro Police Vice Division and the Use of Material Witness Holds Against Teenaged Prostitutes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the Las Vegas Metro Police Vice Division routine use of material witness holds to detain young prostitutes. The Juvenile court places the girls on material witness holds seeking their cooperation in the prosecution of their traffickers and pimps. The girls languish in detention awaiting the outcome of the adult cases in which they are the central or

Geneva O Brown



Little Girl Lost: Las Vegas Metro Police Vice Division and the Use of Material Witness Holds Against Teenaged Prostitutes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the Las Vegas Metro Police Vice Division routine use of material witness holds to detain young prostitutes. The Juvenile court places the girls on material witness holds seeking their cooperation in the prosecution of their traffickers and pimps. The girls languish in detention awaiting the outcome of the adult cases in which they are the central or

Geneva O Brown



Ethnobotany and antibacterial activity of some plants used in traditional medicine of Zapotitlán de las Salinas, Puebla (México)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The village of Zapotitlán de las Salinas is situated in the Valley of Tehuacán-Cuicatlán, Puebla, Mexico. Plant species used by the local inhabitants to treat gastrointestinal diseases were identified using ethnobotanical, ethnographic and taxonomic methods. Out of 119 interviews, 44 plant species were registered, of which the following are the most frequently used (listed in descending order): Lippia graveolens H.B.

T. Hernández; M. Canales; J. G. Avila; A. Duran; J. Caballero; A. Romo de Vivar; R. Lira



Estado actual del pretratamiento de las intoxicaciones por agentes neuro- tóxicos de guerra con piridostigmina y otras alternativas farmacológicas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen: El bromuro de piridostigmina (bromuro de 3-dimeti- laminocarboniloxi-N-metilpiridinio) se utiliza como pretrata- miento en escenarios en los que existe riesgo de utilización de agentes neurotóxicos de guerra. De hecho, este pretratamiento fue utilizado por las tropas Aliadas durante la Guerra del Golfo Pérsico. Desde su vuelta a casa muchos veteranos de esta guerra se han quejado de padecer síntomas

Pita R; Martínez-Larrañaga



Microsoft Academic Search

2 RESUMEN Se estudia e ilustra la morfología del polen de las familias Acanthaceae, Vitaceae y Violaceae pertenecientes a la flora del Valle de México; la primera está representada por: Acanthus mollis L., Anisacanthus quadrifidus (Vahl) Standley, Dicliptera peduncularis Nees, Dyschoriste decumbens (Gray) O. Ktze., D. microphylla (Cav.) O. Ktze., Justicia furcata Jacq., Pseuderanthemum praecox (Benth.) Leonard, Ruellia bourgaei Hemsl.,



Ambient air monitoring during the 2011 Las Conchas wildland fire near Los Alamos, U.S.A.  

SciTech Connect

Air monitoring data collected during the Las Conchas fire near the Los Alamos National Laboratory during 2011 are presented. Data included are for selected radionuclides and selected metals found in particulate matter. None of these analytes were seen at levels which exceeded any state or federal standards.

Green, Andrew A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Schlemann, Shea A. [Los Alamos Technical Associates; Young, Daniel L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory



Human-Health Pharmaceutical Compounds in Lake Mead, Nevada and Arizona, and Las Vegas Wash, Nevada, October 2000-August 2001.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Geological Survey and the National Park Service conducted a reconnaissance study to investigate the occurrence of selected human-health pharmaceutical compounds in water samples collected from Lake Mead on the Colorado River and Las Vegas Wash, a...

R. A. Boyd E. T. Furlong




Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen. En este trabajo se analiza el efecto ejercido por tres tipos de recubrimientos superficiales sobre las prestaciones frente al desgaste y la fatiga de una aleación de aluminio 7075, en estado T6, solubilización y maduración al pico de máxima resistencia. Los recubrimientos analizados fueron la deposición mediante la técnica de PVD de una capa de bisulfuro de molibdeno dopada

D. González; M. Brizuela; G. Atxaga; A. M. Irisarri; B. Zamorano


Developing Fieldwork in Social and Cultural Geography: Illustrations from a Residential Field Class in Los Angeles and Las Vegas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that fieldwork develops student understanding of various concerns in social and cultural geography. Recommends using a new approach that focuses on the role of fieldwork in the research process and illustrates this approach by describing an account of a residential field class to Los Angeles (California) and Las Vegas (Nevada). (CMK)

May, Jon




Microsoft Academic Search

Con la finalidad de abordar y analizar los elementos que sustentan la necesidad de integrar la dimensión ambiental al proceso de desarrollo de las competencias laborales, se valora la relación de la especie humana con el medio ambiente a escala mundial, su estado y propósito en Cuba, abordándose la necesidad de desarrollar el Capital Humano dentro de la cultura ambiental

Ana Victoria Nápoles Villa; Clara Marrero Fornaris



Visión de un científico oncólogo que aplica la investigación a la salud humana a través de las fronteras

El doctor Jorge Gómez es el asesor principal del Centro para la Salud Mundial del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer. Dirige la Red de Investigación del Cáncer de los Estados Unidos y América Latina, la cual está realizando un estudio internacional de los factores de riesgo del cáncer de mama y características en las mujeres de América Latina.



Microsoft Academic Search

El análisis de un nuevo documento del Monasterio de las Descalzas Reales, y su relación con otros tantos de diversas procedencias nos aporta una gran cantidad de información hasta ahora desconocida. Por un lado, se refuta la leyenda de que Tomás Luis de Victoria fuera maestro de capilla de la institución, ya que aparecen los maestros que ocuparon el puesto

Ángel Manuel Olmos



Female Adolescent Subjectivities in Las Vegas: Poststructural Thoughts on the Intersections of Gender, Sexuality, Consumer Logic and Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, data collected from an ethnographic study of adolescent girls growing up in the city of Las Vegas in the US is used to further our understanding of the role of mediated sex and consumer culture and in relationship to emerging adolescent female identities. Girls in this study articulated a clear sense of their abilities to make…

Dentith, Audrey M.



Initial Results From the Las Vegas Valley Broadband Array Based on Differential Travel Time Residuals and Interstation Phase Velocities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Eight broadband seismometers, collectively known as the Las Vegas Valley Broadband array (LVVBB), were deployed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the University of Nevada Las Vegas (UNLV) in September 2002. The LVVBB array recorded data continuously from local and regional earthquakes as well as global teleseisms through late January 2003. The coverage area extends throughout the northeastern regions of the Las Vegas Valley; the area estimated to be the deepest portion of the Las Vegas basin based on gravity data. Differential travel time residuals were calculated through the cross-correlation of P-wave arrivals from global teleseisims to better constrain basin geometry and depth to basement. The calculated delay times show variations up to 0.5 s over distances of 15 km or less. The residual pattern is consistent across the basin and is associated with zones of thicker basin fill. This supports earlier models of the basin. A number of regional earthquakes originating in southern California are linearly aligned with the LVVBB array. Interstation phase velocities of Rayleigh wave propagation from these events are being used to create surface wave dispersion curves to assist in modeling the shear wave velocity structure of the region. Given the current models, average shear velocities of 0.96 km/s and 1.25 km/s characterize the change from shallow to deep sediments. These new results will further constrain the shear wave velocity in the study area, and aid in evaluating the behavior of basin fill for building construction. These studies contribute to the modeling of ground-motions in Las Vegas Valley and can be used to assess the Valley's response in the event of an earthquake or future nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site.

McEwan, D. J.; Snelson, C. M.; Tkalcic, H.; Rodgers, A.



Human-health pharmaceutical compounds in Lake Mead, Nevada and Arizona, and Las Vegas Wash, Nevada, October 2000-August 2001  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey and the National Park Service conducted a reconnaissance study to investigate the occurrence of selected human-health pharmaceutical compounds in water samples collected from Lake Mead on the Colorado River and Las Vegas Wash, a waterway used to transport treated wastewater from the Las Vegas metropolitan area to Lake Mead. Current research indicates many of these compounds can bioaccumulate and may adversely affect aquatic organisms by disrupting physiological processes, impairing reproductive functions, increasing cancer rates, contributing to the development of antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria, and acting in undesirable ways when mixed with other substances. These compounds may be present in effluent because a high percentage of prescription and non-prescription drugs used for human-health purposes are excreted from the body as a mixture of parent compounds and degraded metabolite compounds; also, they can be released to the environment when unused products are discarded by way of toilets, sinks, and trash in landfills. Thirteen of 33 targeted compounds were detected in at least one water sample collected between October 2000 and August 2001. All concentrations were less than or equal to 0.20 micrograms per liter. The most frequently detected compounds in samples from Las Vegas Wash were caffeine, carbamazepine (used to treat epilepsy), cotinine (a metabolite of nicotine), and dehydronifedipine (a metabolite of the antianginal Procardia). Less frequently detected compounds in samples collected from Las Vegas Wash were antibiotics (clarithromycin, erythromycin, sulfamethoxazole, and trimethoprim), acetaminophen (an analgesic and anti-inflammatory), cimetidine (used to treat ulcers), codeine (a narcotic and analgesic), diltiazem (an antihypertensive), and 1,7-dimethylxanthine (a metabolite of caffeine). Fewer compounds were detected in samples collected from Lake Mead than from Las Vegas Wash. Caffeine was detected in all samples collected from Lake Mead. Other compounds detected in samples collected from Lake Mead were acetaminophen, carbamazepine, cotinine, 1,7-dimethylxanthine, and sulfamethoxazole.

Boyd, Robert A.; Furlong, Edward T.




Microsoft Academic Search

Para la mayoría de personas la basura electrónica es invisible o no existe, razón por la cual la disposición final de ésta, es mezclada con la basura tradicional, puesto que, solo se considera como peligrosos los residuos orgánicos, biológicos y hospitalarios, los cuales si cuentan son un sistema de gestión ambiental. En este artículo se pretende generar conciencia sobre la

Rubén Dario Cardenas Espinosa



“Esto no es un castigo de Dios”. Gestión local del agua en Guatemala: el caso de los municipios de Chiantla y Huehuetenango  

Microsoft Academic Search

En Guatemala coexisten muchos y variados sistemas de gestión del agua basados en tradiciones comunitarias, los cuales han nacido mayoritariamente debido a la ausencia de servicios públicos estatales. Sin embargo, una gran proporción de la población aún tiene problemas de acceso al agua, y los conflictos sociales son frecuentes. El objetivo de este artículo es la caracterización de los sistemas

Gonzalo Gamboa; Rocío García; Juan Mendoza; Fernando Recancoj; Juan Diego González; Geisselle Sánchez



Indicator pathogens, organic matter and LAS detergent removal from wastewater by constructed subsurface wetlands  

PubMed Central

Background Constructed wetland is one of the natural methods of municipal and industrial wastewater treatments with low initial costs for construction and operation as well as easy maintenance. The main objective of this study is to determine the values of indicator bacteria removal, organic matter, TSS, ammonia and nitrate affecting the wetland removal efficiency. Results The average concentration of E. coli and total coliform in the input is 1.127?×?1014 and 4.41?×?1014 MPN/100 mL that reached 5.03?×?1012 and 1.13?×?1014 MPN/100 mL by reducing 95.5% and 74.4% in wetland 2. Fecal streptococcus reached from the average 5.88?×?1014 in raw wastewater to 9.69?×?1012 in the output of wetland 2. Wetland 2 could reduce 1.5 logarithmic units of E. coli. The removal efficiency of TSS for the wetlands is 68.87%, 71.4%, 57.3%, and 66% respectively. Conclusions The overall results show that wetlands in which herbs were planted had a high removal efficiency about the indicator pathogens, organic matter, LAS detergent in comparison to a control wetland (without canes) and could improve physicochemical parameters (DO, ammonia, nitrate, electrical conductivity, and pH) of wastewater.



Morphological and physical characteristics of the Virgo Cluster - First results from the Las Campanas photographic survey  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Preliminary results are presented of a photographic survey of the Virgo cluster to the faintest convenient limit of the Las Campanas du Pont 2.5 m reflector, performed in order to study the complexity of both the surface and velocity distributions within the central 6 degree radius region. The survey is described and the resulting Catalog is discussed, and the frequency of galaxy types found and listed in the Catalog is described. The physical properties of the dwarfs are summarized, and luminosity functions are given separately for each morphological type. The progressive change of (MBT) faintward along the morphological sequence from Sc I through Sm and Im types is shown, leading to a calibration of the de Vaucouleurs Lambda luminosity index and a determination of its intrinsic dispersion. The preliminary results on the distribution of galaxies of all types in the two principal subclustering regions found are summarized, and the velocity distributions over the face of the 6 degree core are discussed for the various galaxy types.

Sandage, A.; Binggeli, B.; Tammann, G. A.



[Description of a staphylococcal alimentary poisoning outbreak in Las Rosas, Santa Fe Province, Argentina].  


On February 2008, a suspected foodborne outbreak was reported in Las Rosas (Santa Fe Province, Argentina). The formal procedures indicated that an undetermined number of individuals had experienced food poisoning following consumption of vegetable cannelloni bought at a local shop. The manufacturer establishment was audited. Samples from the suspected food, as well as environmental samples and swabs from food handlers were obtained and involved subjects were interviewed. Remnants of ingested food were also obtained. Routine microbiological procedures of the foodborne outbreak revealed the presence of coagulase positive S. aureus subspecies aureus in samples from ingested and raw food, and from manipulators. Indicator microorganisms did not show significant levels and no other foodborne pathogen was isolated. Presence of staphylococcal enterotoxin-producing genes was subsequently investigated, and a positive result for enterotoxin B was shown in S. aureus strains isolated from a food handler as well as from food linked to the outbreak Moreover, these isolates showed 100% similarity by SmaI-PFGE. Timely notification together with coordinated sanitary measures and the availability of appropriate laboratory tools allowed to interrupt the chain of disease transmission by identifying risk and protective factors. PMID:21491063

Brizzio, Aníbal A; Tedeschi, Fabián A; Zalazar, Fabián E



A method based on local approximate solutions (LAS) for inverting transient flow in heterogeneous aquifers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An inverse method based on local approximate solutions (LAS inverse method) is proposed to invert transient flows in heterogeneous aquifers. Unlike the objective-function-based inversion techniques, the method does not require forward simulations to assess measurement-to-model misfits; thus the knowledge of aquifer initial conditions (IC) and boundary conditions (BC) is not required. Instead, the method employs a set of local approximate solutions of flow to impose continuity of hydraulic head and Darcy fluxes throughout space and time. Given sufficient (but limited) measurements, it yields well-posed systems of nonlinear equations that can be solved efficiently with optimization. Solution of the inversion includes parameters (hydraulic conductivities, specific storage coefficients) and flow field including the unknown IC and BC. Given error-free measurements, the estimated conductivities and specific storages are accurate within 10% of the true values. When increasing measurement errors are imposed, the estimated parameters become less accurate, but the inverse solution is still stable, i.e., parameter, IC, and BC estimation remains bounded. For a problem where parameter variation is unknown, highly parameterized inversion can reveal the underlying parameter structure, whereas equivalent conductivity and average storage coefficient can also be estimated. Because of the physically-based constraints placed in inversion, the number of measurements does not need to exceed the number of parameters for the inverse method to succeed.

Jiao, Jianying; Zhang, Ye



Diseño de la cadena de suministro de los productos alimenticios que demanda la dirección de alimentación de la Universidad Central de Las Villas  

Microsoft Academic Search

La Dirección de Alimentación de la Universidad Central Marta Abreu de las Villas es la encargada de elaborar y abastecer los alimentos que se consumen en las diferentes dependencias que se destinan para el consumo. Dicha dirección adolece de un desempeño adecuado debido, entre otros aspectos, a la falta de integración, coordinación y racionalidad en sus procesos por carecer de

Manley Torriente Jackson




Microsoft Academic Search

En los últimos años los investigadores han mostrado un creciente interés en las relaciones interorganizativas verticales, principalmente en la Cadena de Suministro. La ausencia de trabajos previos de revisión bibliográfica sobre este tema, que permitan plantear las cuestiones clave a estudiar en Gestión de la Cadena de Suministro, nos ha llevado a realizar un análisis de contenido de la investigación

M. T. Martínez Fernández; T Vallet Bellmunt; R. Barreda Tarrazona



Informe Anual a la Nación indica que los índices generales de cáncer siguen disminuyendo; su sección especial destaca las tendencias actuales y pronósticos del cáncer colorrectal

Los índices de casos nuevos diagnosticados y los índices de muertes de todos los tipos de cáncer combinados disminuyeron en forma considerable en el período más reciente para hombres y mujeres en general, y para la mayoría de las poblaciones raciales y étnicas de Estados Unidos, según un informe de las principales organizaciones de salud y oncológicas.



Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN: Introducción: Con entrenamiento adecuado, los estudiantes de medicina pueden convertirse en lí- deres de opinión con futura injerencia sobre las políticas de salud, así como ayudar al público a en- tender las consecuencias de los embarazos indeseados y del aborto. El objetivo del presente estudio ha sido examinar el nivel de conocimientos sobre métodos anticonceptivos (MAC) previos al inicio

Guillermo Horacio; Cáceres Pallavidino; Echevarría Avellaneda; Domingo José Pomares



Microsoft Academic Search

La necesidad de recursos privados entre las ENL, tanto para su sostenimiento como para la realización de su labor requiere de estrategias organizativas cada vez más eficaces, por lo que el estudio del fundraising y su eficacia suscita un gran interés. En este trabajo, y basándonos en las conclusiones de estudios previos, pretendemos analizar la relación e influencia de una

M. B. Gutiérrez Villar; R. A. Araque Padilla; M. J Montero Simó



Factores de influencia en la captación de recursos privados en las ONGD españolas\\/Factors of Influence in the Fundraising of the Spanish NGOD  

Microsoft Academic Search

La necesidad de recursos privados entre las Entidades No Lucrativas (ENL), tanto para su sostenimiento como para la realización de su labor requiere de estrategias organizativas cada vez más eficaces, por lo que el estudio del fundraising y su eficacia suscita un gran interés. En este trabajo, y basándonos en las conclusiones de estudios previos, pretendemos analizar la relación e





Microsoft Academic Search

En este trabajo se analizan los factores más relevantes de la cultura organizacional que aparecen en las redes virtuales de fabricación global (RVFG). Estas organizaciones están formadas por empresas muy dinámicas que fabrican todo tipo de productos o servicios, las cuales establecen entre sí relaciones de tipo horizontal y vertical, pudiendo incluso ser competidores, donde no es necesario mantener internamente

J. R Vilana Arto; C. Rodríguez Monroy



La infraestructura y el acceso a las tecnologias de la informacion y la comunicacion (TIC) en America Latina, 2000-2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este trabajo analiza la evolución de la disponibilidad de infraestructura y acceso a las tic en América Latina entre 2000 y 2007. Se estima un modelo para establecer empíricamente la asociación entre el nivel de disponibilidad de infraestructura y acceso de las tic en estos países y el ingreso per cápita de los mismos. En la literatura revisada se identifican

Raul Acosta Mesa



Degradation of linear alkylabenzene sulfonate (LAS) and its compounds in Donghu Lake (Hubei, P.R.C.) determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Commercial linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS), mixture of alkylchain lengths and phenyl position isomers (C10-C13), is widely used as a major constituent of household and industrial detergents in the People's Republic of China. Degradation process and behaviour of LAS compounds during an 82-hour lake water die-away study, with an added LAS concentration of 1.5mg·L-1, was quantified and accomplished by HPLO-UV after extractionon the SepPek C18 reversed-phase cartridges. The degradation rate became progressively faster with increasing chain length. The technique described in this study is fast, sensitive and specific, and can be used to determine low levels of LAS and for establishing water quality criteria and standards relating to LAS and its compounds.

Ayfer, Yediler; Xu, Ying; Zhang, Yongyuan; Chen, Junjian



Seismic Wave Amplification in Las Vegas: Site Characterization Measurements and Response Models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of a multidisciplinary effort to understand seismic wave amplification in Las Vegas Valley, we conducted geotechnical and seismic refraction field studies, geologic and lithologic interpretation, and geophysical model building. Frequency-dependent amplifications (site response) and peak ground motions strongly correlate with site conditions as characterized by the models. The models include basin depths and velocities, which also correlate against ground motions. Preliminary geologic models were constructed from detailed geologic and fault mapping, logs of over 500 wells penetrating greater than 200 m depth, gravity-inversion results from the USGS, and USDA soil maps. Valley-wide refraction studies we conducted in 2002 and 2003 were inverted for constraints on basin geometry, and deep basin and basement P velocities with some 3-d control to depths of 5 km. Surface-wave studies during 2002-2004 characterized more than 75 sites within the Valley for shear velocity to depths exceeding 100 m, including all the legacy sites where nuclear-blast ground motions were recorded. The SASW and refraction-microtremor surface-surveying techniques proved to provide complementary, and coordinating Rayleigh dispersion-curve data at a dozen sites. Borehole geotechnical studies at a half-dozen sites confirmed the shear-velocity profiles that we derived from surface-wave studies. We then correlated all the geotechnical data against a detailed stratigraphic model, derived from drilling logs, to create a Valley-wide model for shallow site conditions. This well-log-based model predicts site measurements better than do models based solely on geologic or soil mapping.

Louie, J. N.; Anderson, J. G.; Luke, B.; Snelson, C.; Taylor, W.; Rodgers, A.; McCallen, D.; Tkalcic, H.; Wagoner, J.



Mangrove forest composition and structure in Las Perlas Archipelago, Pacific Panama.  


Mangrove forest is an important ecosystem that provides many services, but in Panama, as in other countries, they are under threat due to a variety of human activities. Nowadays, large areas of mangroves continue to be lost without been described and lack of management strategies. This study focused on the mangrove structure in the two largest islands, Isla del Rey and Isla San Jose, of Las Perlas Archipelago (LPA), Pacific Panama. Assessment of Landsat satellite imagery revealed loss of mangroves in the LPA of 965ha in the period 1974-1986, and 248ha in the period 1986-2000. The majority of the loss (>77%) from the two study islands was due to timber extraction and agricultural development. In May 2006, permanent plots following the CARICOMP protocol were established at two sites on Isla del Rey (R1 and R2) and one site on Isla San Jose (SJ) where standardized metrics such as species, height and diameter at breast height of adult trees and seedlings were recorded. Forest structure differed at the three sites, although R1 and R2 were most similar. At R1, Laguncularia racemosa was the important species and R2 was dominated by Pelliciera rhizophorae. Examination of the forest structure and classified imagery indicated that these sites are spatially dynamic and appear to be rejuvenating. The forest structure would indicate that the sites have been growth-limited previously by human activities and possibly by other factors. SJ was dominated by Rhizophora mangle and appears to have a mature forest with large adult trees and few seedlings. It does not appear to have shown the same extent of spatial regrowth as the other two sites between 1986 and 2000 and is relatively static. The establishment of permanent plots and monitoring will be useful as part of the management plan, as the LPA shows a variety of mangrove structures and could be subject to further coastal development. PMID:20737843

McGowan, Tom; Cunningham, Sarah L; Guzmán, Héctor M; Mair, James M; Guevara, José M; Betts, Tanja



Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network: Keeping Education in the Dark  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network is a non-profit organization that is building a completely robotic network of telescopes for education (24 x 0.4m, clusters of 4) and science (18 x 1.0m, clusters of 3 and 2 x 2.0 meters) which will be longitudinally spaced so there will always be at least one cluster in the dark. The network will be completely accessible online with observations being completed in either real-time or queued-based modes. The network will also have the ability to complete very long observations of all kinds of variable objects and include a rapid response system will allow the telescopes to quickly slew to unexpected phenomena and provide around-the-clock monitoring. Students will be able to do research projects using and collecting data from both the long observations (e.g. extrasolar planet follow-up, variable star light curves, etc.) and the quick response (e.g. supernovae, GRBs, etc.), as well as use their own ideas to create personalized projects. Also available online will be a huge archive of data and the ability to use online software to process it. A large library of activities and resources will be available for all age groups and levels of science. LCOGTN will work cooperatively with international organizations to bring a vast amount of knowledge and experience together to create a world class program. Through these collaborations, pilots have already been started in a few European countries, as well as trial programs involving schools partnered between the USA and UK. LCOGTN's education network will provide an avenue for educators and learners to use cutting edge technology to do real science. All you need is a broadband internet connection, computer, and lots of enthusiasm and imagination.

Ross, Rachel J.



Proximal record of the 273 ka Poris caldera-forming eruption, Las Cañadas, Tenerife  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lithofacies architecture analysis is applied to the most proximal exposures of the 273 ka Poris Formation, in the Diego Hernandez caldera wall of Las Cañadas. Here, the succession records an opening Plinian phase followed by generation of a pyroclastic density current (PDC) that was partly blocked by near-vent topography. The upper part of the current surmounted the barrier and deposited an ignimbrite veneer. During a hiatus in energetic flow, ash and various ash aggregates were deposited from a hybrid cloud comprising parts of both the Plinian and the co-ignimbrite plumes. Phreatomagmatic explosions then generated currents rich in fine-grained lithics; current waxing with local erosion was followed by pulsing-unsteady waning, recorded in repeated sets of graded tuff. Reversion to magmatic activity was marked by hybrid deposition, as coarse pumice fallout and juvenile ballistics entered pyroclastic currents to form stratified pumice-block tuff. Increasingly energetic flow is recorded in 9 m of mainly massive lapilli tuff that includes evidence of widespread scour and bypass; lithic-rich layers record incremental onset of edifice disruption due to magma withdrawal. Laterally variable stratification and load structures show that the PDC was unsteady and highly non-uniform at times, with locally rapid aggradation of gas-rich ignimbrite. Climactic edifice disruption is marked by a lithic-block layer in erosional contact with the underlying ignimbrite, recording intense pyroclastic current activity and widespread bypass of material to distal volcano slopes. Pumice-block breccia, 10 m thick and with blocks up to 1.2 m in diameter, forms the top of the succession and registers modification of the magmatic plumbing. The timing of collapse to form a major summit depression is uncertain. However, the abrupt termination of the proximal aggradation of coarse breccia, with no record there of any waning-stage pyroclastic currents, suggests subsidence at that time, conceivably with formation of a caldera that contained late-erupted material.

Smith, Natasha J.; Kokelaar, B. Peter



Pseudomonas aeruginosa mutations in lasI and rhlI quorum sensing systems result in milder chronic lung infection  

Microsoft Academic Search

To understand the importance of quorum sensing in chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection, the in vivo pathogenic effects of the wild-type P. aeruginosa PAO1 and its double mutant, PAO1 lasI rhlI, in which the signal- generating parts of the quorum sensing systems are defective were compared. The rat model of P. aeruginosa lung infection was used in the present study.

Hong Wu; Zhijun Song; Michael Givskov; Gerd Doring; Dieter Worlitzsch; Kalai Mathee; Jørgen Rygaard; Niels Høiby



Associations between psychological demands, decision latitude, and job strain with smoking in female hotel room cleaners in Las Vegas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Little is known of the impact of the work environment on smoking among women holding low-paid jobs in the service\\u000a sector. Purpose: To study the associations between the components of the demand-control model with smoking in hotel room cleaners.\\u000a Methods: We conducted a survey on work and health among 776 female hotel room cleaners in Las Vegas. Associations between

Reiner Rugulies; Teresa Scherzer; Niklas Krause



Three-dimensional modeling of shallow shear-wave velocities for Las Vegas, Nevada, using sediment type  

Microsoft Academic Search

A three-dimensional model of near-surface shear-wave velocity in the deep alluvial basin underlying the metropolitan area\\u000a of Las Vegas, Nevada (USA), is being developed for earthquake site response projections. The velocity dataset, which includes\\u000a 230 measurements, is interpolated across the model using depth-dependent correlations of velocity with sediment type. The\\u000a sediment-type database contains more than 1 400 well and borehole

Barbara Luke; Helena Murvosh; Wanda Taylor; Jeff Wagoner



Tratamiento ayuda a las mujeres jóvenes a preservar la fertilidad durante la quimioterapia para el cáncer de seno

Las mujeres jóvenes con cáncer de seno (mama) lograron preservar la fertilidad durante los tratamientos del cáncer con un fármaco inyectable bloqueador de hormonas que les provocó menopausia temporal. Los resultados del estudio se anunciaron hoy en el congreso anual de la Sociedad Americana de Oncología Clínica (ASCO), y provienen del Estudio de Prevención de la Menopausia Temprana (POEMS), patrocinado por el Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (NCI).


Analysis of the real estate market in Las Vegas: Bubble, seasonal patterns, and prediction of the CSW indices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyze 27 house price indices of Las Vegas from June 1983 to March 2005, corresponding to 27 different zip codes. These analyses confirm the existence of a real estate bubble, defined as a price acceleration faster than exponential, which is found, however, to be confined to a rather limited time interval in the recent past from approximately 2003 to mid-2004 and has progressively transformed into a more normal growth rate comparable to pre-bubble levels in 2005. There has been no bubble till 2002 except for a medium-sized surge in 1990. In addition, we have identified a strong yearly periodicity which provides a good potential for fine-tuned prediction from month to month. A monthly monitoring using a model that we have developed could confirm, by testing the intra-year structure, if indeed the market has returned to “normal” or if more turbulence is expected ahead. We predict the evolution of the indices one year ahead, which is validated with new data up to September 2006. The present analysis demonstrates the existence of very significant variations at the local scale, in the sense that the bubble in Las Vegas seems to have preceded the more global USA bubble and has ended approximately two years earlier (mid-2004 for Las Vegas compared with mid-2006 for the whole of the USA).

Zhou, Wei-Xing; Sornette, Didier



LasI/R and RhlI/R quorum sensing in a strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa beneficial to plants.  


Pseudomonas aeruginosa possesses three quorum-sensing (QS) systems which are key in the expression of a large number of genes, including many virulence factors. Most studies of QS in P. aeruginosa have been performed in clinical isolates and have therefore focused on its role in pathogenicity. P. aeruginosa, however, is regarded as a ubiquitous organism capable of colonizing many different environments and also of establishing beneficial associations with plants. In this study we examined the role of the two N-acyl homoserine lactone systems known as RhlI/R and LasI/R in the environmental rice rhizosphere isolate P. aeruginosa PUPa3. Both the Rhl and Las systems are involved in the regulation of plant growth-promoting traits. The environmental P. aeruginosa PUPa3 is pathogenic in two nonmammalian infection models, and only the double las rhl mutants are attenuated for virulence. In fact it was established that the two QS systems are not hierarchically organized and that they are both important for the colonization of the rice rhizosphere. This is an in-depth genetic and molecular study of QS in an environmental P. aeruginosa strain and highlights several differences with QS regulation in the clinical isolate PAO1. PMID:19525275

Steindler, Laura; Bertani, Iris; De Sordi, Luisa; Schwager, Stephan; Eberl, Leo; Venturi, Vittorio



Petrology, geochemistry and mineralization of the Las Águilas and Virorco mafic-ultramafic bodies, San Luis Province, Argentina  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The layered mafic-ultramafic rocks in the Sierras de San Luis, Argentina (Las Águilas, Las Higueras and Virorco), constitute a 3-5-km-wide belt that extends over 100 km from NE to SW. They carry a sulphide mineralization consisting of pyrrhotite, pentlandite and chalcopyrite, in veins and as disseminated to massive ore. Disseminated spinels are frequently associated with the sulphide minerals as well as platinum group minerals. A strong correlation between S, Ni, Co, Cu, Cr, Pt and Pd indicates the presence of one to three levels of mineralization within the ultramafic units. The maximum concentration of these elements coincides with the units containing platinum group minerals (PGM) and spinel group minerals. This clear relationship constitutes a good prospecting guide in the search for layers with high-grade ore, probably associated with deeper stratigraphic levels where ultramafic rocks are dominant. The bulk rock chemistry and concentrations of metals and platinum group elements as well as textural evidence suggest that the parental magma was mafic with tholeiitic affinities and MgO rich. The Las Águilas layered mafic-ultramafic body and the remaining bodies in the area bear similar characteristics to well-known stratified complexes developed in extensional tectonic regimes, as it is the case of Jinchuan (China), Kabanga (Tanzania) and Fiambala (Argentina).

Ferracutti, Gabriela; Bjerg, Ernesto; Mogessie, Aberra



Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network: Keeping Citizen Scientists in the Dark  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network (LCOGT) is creating a network of telescopes at excellent sites around the world providing 24/7 all sky coverage for astronomical observations. The network of telescopes, ranging in size from 0.4 m to 2.0 m, will be available for both scientific and education users. The LCOGT telescopes are being built quickly and will be deployed soon. The two 2.0 m Faulkes Telescopes, one on Haleakala, Maui (FTN), the other at Siding Spring Observatory, Australia (FTS), are currently in operation. There is also a 0.8 m telescope in the Santa Ynez Valley, California (BOS), which is being used for commissioning and for many local outreach programs. The first 1.0 m telescopes will be heading to Chile and South Africa in 2011 and will each be accompanied by a 0.4 m telescope. Other sites, including Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain), McDonald Observatory (Texas), Siding Spring (Australia), and Haleakala (Hawaii) will follow, with the possibility of up to two additional sites yet to be selected. The LCOGT education and public outreach effort is transforming into a "Citizen Science" program. Several projects will encompass taking observations through the network, analyzing the data, and sharing the results with other citizen scientists from around the world. The first of these projects, "Agent Exoplanet," will be launched in mid-2011, and will involve analyzing brand-new data to create a light curve of an exoplanet. As the network is not yet complete, this test project will not include actual observing as future ones will. More information about LCOGT and its Citizen Science program can be found online ( In addition to material to get started in the Citizen Science program, the website also includes resources and content for more hands-on activities using archived data, general astronomy pages, network information, complete access to the public data archive, current news, and recent publications. And don't forget to register for the LCOGT monthly newsletter.

Ross, R. J.



Geohydrologic reconnaissance of Lake Mead National Recreation Area; Las Vegas Wash to Opal Mountain, Nevada  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The study is a geohydrologic reconnaissance of about 170 square miles in the Lake Mead National Recreation Area from Las Vegas Wash to Opal Mountain, Nevada. The study is one of a series that describes the geohydrology of the recreation area and that indentifies areas where water supplies can be developed. Precipitation in this arid area is about 5 inches per year. Streamflow is seasonal and extremely variable except for that in the Colorado River, which adjoins the area. Pan evaporation is more than 20 times greater than precipitation; therefore, regional ground-water supplies are meager except near the Colorado River, Lake Mead, and Lake Mohave. Large ground-water supplies can be developed near the river and lakes, and much smaller supplies may be obtained in a few favorable locations farther from the river and lakes. Ground water in most of the areas probably contains more than 1,000 milligrams per liter of dissolved solids, but water that contains less than 1,000 milligrams per liter of dissolved solids can be obtained within about 1 mile of the lakes. Crystalline rocks of metamorphic, intrusive and volcanic origin crop out in the area. These rocks are overlain by conglomerate and mudstone of the Muddy Creek Formation, gravel and conglomerate of the older alluvium, and sand and gravel of the Chemehuevi Formation and younger alluvium. The crystalline rocks, where sufficiently fractured, yield water to springs and would yield small amounts of water to favorably located wells. The poorly cemented and more permeable beds of the older alluvium, Chemehuevi Formation, and younger alluvium are the better potential aquifers, particularly along the Colorado River and Lakes Mead and Mohave. Thermal springs in the gorge of the Colorado River south of Hoover Dam discharge at least 2,580 acre-feet per year of water from the volcanic rocks and metamorphic and plutonic rocks. The discharge is much greater than could be infiltrated in the drainage basin above the springs. Transbasin movement of ground water probably occurs , and perhaps the larger part of the spring discharge is underflow from Eldorado Valley. The more favorable sites for ground-water development are along the shores of Lakes Mead and Mohave and are the Fire Mountain, Opal Mountain to Aztec Wash, and Hemenway Wash sites. Wells yielding several hundred gallons per minute of water of acceptable chemical quality can be developed at these sites. (USGS)

Laney, R. L.



Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network: Keeping Education in the Dark  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network (LCOGT) is creating a network of telescopes to be placed around the world providing 24/7 sky coverage of both the Northern and Southern hemispheres. These telescopes will range in size from 0.4 m to 2.0 m and will be available for scientific and educational uses in both real-time and in a queue-scheduler. The educational uses of LCOGT will be primarily online through our website ( where there will be how-to guides, ideas for activities, opportunities for participating in research projects with our astronomers, full access to the public archive, as well as an online community built through forums and groups. Content will be visible to all, although registered users will have the ability to add resources, post on blogs and forums, comment and rate existing pages and resources, collaborate in world-wide projects, and much more. The current network includes the two 2.0 m Faulkes Telescopes on Haleakala, Maui and at Siding Spring, Australia. A 0.8 m telescope located at Sedgwick Reserve in the Santa Ynez Valley is nearly commissioned and will be used both for local outreach events as well as on the LCOGT network. The first pair of 0.4 m telescopes has been deployed to Maui and are enclosed inside the clamshell dome with Faulkes Telescope North (FTN), but still have some time to go before they are fully commissioned. The site in Chile is currently being prepped for three 1.0 m and two pairs of 0.4 m telescopes