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Sample records for south indian castes

  1. South Dakota Indian Bibliography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Dakota State Library, Pierre.

    Listed in this American Indian bibliography are 310 books and pamphlets dating from 1894 to 1971. Entries are arranged under the following headings: Art and Music, Bibliography, Culture, Fiction, Government Relations, History, Language, and Religion and Mythology. Also included is a list of publishers and addresses, containing 111 entries. (HBC)

  2. Social Affiliation and the Demand for Health Services: Caste and Child Health in South India *

    PubMed Central

    Luke, Nancy; Munshi, Kaivan

    2007-01-01

    This paper assesses the role of social affiliation, measured by caste, in shaping investments in child health. The special setting that we have chosen for the analysis – tea estates in the South Indian High Range – allows us to control nonparametrically for differences in income, access to health services, and patterns of morbidity across low caste and high caste households. In this controlled setting, low caste households spend more on their children's health than high caste households, reversing the pattern we would expect to find elsewhere in India. Moreover, health expenditures do not vary by gender within either caste group, in contrast once again with the male preference documented throughout the country. A simple explanation, based on differences in the returns to human capital across castes in the tea estates is proposed to explain these striking results. PMID:18046465

  3. INDIAN CASTE SYSTEM: HISTORICAL AND PSYCHOANALYTIC VIEWS.

    PubMed

    Vallabhaneni, Madhusudana Rao

    2015-12-01

    This paper elucidates the historical origins and transformations of India's caste system. Surveying the complex developments over many centuries, it points out that three positions have been taken in this regard. One suggests that the caste one is born into can be transcended within one's lifetime by performing good deeds. The other declares caste to be immutable forever. And, the third says that one can be reborn into a higher caste if one lives a virtuous life. Moving on to the sociopolitical realm, the paper notes how these positions have been used and exploited. The paper then attempts to anchor the existence and purpose of the Hindu caste system in Freud's ideas about group psychology and Klein's proposals of splitting and projective identification. The paper also deploys the large group psychology concepts of Volkan and the culturally nuanced psychoanalytic anthropology of Roland and Kakar. It concludes with delineating some ameliorative strategies for this tragic problem in the otherwise robust democratic society of India. PMID:26611129

  4. OVERVIEW LOOKING SOUTH OF CONTAINMENT SYSTEM (TOP), SLAB CASTING MACHINE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    OVERVIEW LOOKING SOUTH OF CONTAINMENT SYSTEM (TOP), SLAB CASTING MACHINE AND RUN OUT WITH TRAVELING TORCH. MACHINE IS CASTING IN TWIN MOLD. - U.S. Steel, Fairfield Works, Continuous Caster, Fairfield, Jefferson County, AL

  5. The lost-wax casting of icons, utensils, bells, and other items in South India

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pillai, R. M.; Pilhii, S. G. K.; Damodaran, A. D.

    2002-10-01

    Indian artisans and craftsmen have long been masters at extracting and shaping metals and alloys, as proven by archaeological finds from the 2nd3rd millennia B.C. For example, two well-known artifacts, castings of the dancing girl of Mohenjo Daro and the Mother Goddess of Adichanallur, Tamilnadu, depict a high degree of metallurgical knowledge. Those castings were formed by the lost wax process, which later was modified and became known as investment casting. In various parts of India, this age-old casting process is still being practiced, without any major modifications. This paper discusses details of the process used by the Indian artisans of Swamimalai, Tamilnadu, and Mannar, Kerala, South India in shaping copper-base alloys into icons and utensils, bells, and lamps.

  6. Indian Place Names in South Dakota.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gasque, Thomas J.

    A cursory examination of place names on a map of South Dakota does not reflect the important role that Indians have played in the state and their relation to the land framed by its borders. Only three towns with populations over 1,000 bear names that clearly come from Indian languages: Sioux Falls, Sisseton, and Yankton. The hostile relationship…

  7. Population Differentiation of Southern Indian Male Lineages Correlates with Agricultural Expansions Predating the Caste System

    PubMed Central

    Arun, Varatharajan Santhakumari; Syama, Adhikarla; Ashokan, Kumaran Samy; Gandhirajan, Kavandanpatti Thangaraj; Vijayakumar, Koothapuli; Narayanan, Muthuswamy; Jayalakshmi, Mariakuttikan; Ziegle, Janet S.; Royyuru, Ajay K.; Parida, Laxmi; Wells, R. Spencer; Renfrew, Colin; Schurr, Theodore G.; Smith, Chris Tyler; Platt, Daniel E.; Pitchappan, Ramasamy

    2012-01-01

    Previous studies that pooled Indian populations from a wide variety of geographical locations, have obtained contradictory conclusions about the processes of the establishment of the Varna caste system and its genetic impact on the origins and demographic histories of Indian populations. To further investigate these questions we took advantage that both Y chromosome and caste designation are paternally inherited, and genotyped 1,680 Y chromosomes representing 12 tribal and 19 non-tribal (caste) endogamous populations from the predominantly Dravidian-speaking Tamil Nadu state in the southernmost part of India. Tribes and castes were both characterized by an overwhelming proportion of putatively Indian autochthonous Y-chromosomal haplogroups (H-M69, F-M89, R1a1-M17, L1-M27, R2-M124, and C5-M356; 81% combined) with a shared genetic heritage dating back to the late Pleistocene (10–30 Kya), suggesting that more recent Holocene migrations from western Eurasia contributed <20% of the male lineages. We found strong evidence for genetic structure, associated primarily with the current mode of subsistence. Coalescence analysis suggested that the social stratification was established 4–6 Kya and there was little admixture during the last 3 Kya, implying a minimal genetic impact of the Varna (caste) system from the historically-documented Brahmin migrations into the area. In contrast, the overall Y-chromosomal patterns, the time depth of population diversifications and the period of differentiation were best explained by the emergence of agricultural technology in South Asia. These results highlight the utility of detailed local genetic studies within India, without prior assumptions about the importance of Varna rank status for population grouping, to obtain new insights into the relative influences of past demographic events for the population structure of the whole of modern India. PMID:23209694

  8. South Indian Countercurrent and associated fronts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Menezes, Viviane V.; Phillips, Helen E.; Schiller, Andreas; Bindoff, Nathaniel L.; Domingues, Catia M.; Vianna, Marcio L.

    2014-10-01

    A striking feature of the South Indian Ocean circulation is the presence of the eastward South Indian Countercurrent (SICC) that flows in a direction opposite to that predicted by the classical theories of wind-driven circulation. Several authors suggest that the SICC resembles the subtropical countercurrents (STCCs) observed in other oceans, which are defined as narrow eastward jets on the equatorward side of subtropical gyres, where the depth-integrated flow is westward. These jets are associated with subsurface thermal fronts at thermocline depths by the thermal wind relation. However, the subsurface thermal front associated with the SICC has not been described to date. Other studies conjecture an important role for salinity in controlling the SICC. In the present work, we analyze three Argo-based atlases and data from six hydrographic cruises to investigate whether the SICC is accompanied by permanent thermal and density fronts including salinity effects. The seasonal cycle of these fronts in relation to the SICC strength is also investigated. We find that the SICC is better described as composed of three distinct jets, which we name the northern, central, and southern SICC. We find that the southern SICC around 26°S has an associated thermal front at subsurface depths around 100-200 m with salinity being of secondary importance. The southern branch strength is related to mode waters poleward of the front, similar to a STCC-like current. However, the SICC multiple jet structure seems to be better described as resulting from PV staircases.

  9. Current structure of the south Indian Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sparrow, Michael D.; Heywood, Karen J.; Brown, Juan; Stevens, David P.

    1996-03-01

    Using recently published atlas data [Olbers et al., 1992] and the Fine Resolution Antarctic Model (FRAM) [Webb et al., 1991], an investigation has been conducted into the structure of the frontal jets centered around the region of the islands of Crozet (46°27'S, 52°0'E) and Kerguelen (48°15'S, 69°10'E) in the south Indian Ocean. Geostrophic current velocities and transports were calculated from the temperature and salinity fields available from the atlas and compared with results from FRAM and previous studies. We have identified the Agulhas Return Front (ARF) and the Subtropical Front (STF), as well as the following fronts of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC): the Subantarctic Front (SAF), the Polar Front (PF), and the Southern ACC Front (SACCF), from temperature and salinity characteristics and from geostrophic currents. This analysis of model and atlas data indicates that the jets associated with the ARF, STF, and SAF are topographically steered into a unique frontal system north of the islands, having some of the largest temperature and salinity gradients anywhere in the world ocean. The frontal jet associated with the ARF is detectable up to 75°E and has associated with it several northward branching jets. The PF bifurcates in the region of the Ob'Lena (Conrad) seamount; subsurface and surface expressions are identified, separated by as much as 8° of latitude immediately west of the Kerguelen Plateau. The surface expression, carrying the bulk of the transport (˜65 Sv), is steered through the col in the Kerguelen Plateau at 56°S, 6° south of the latitude normally associated with the PF at this meridian. On crossing the plateau it rejoins the subsurface expression. In the south, passing eastward along the margin of the Antarctic continent and through the Princess Elizabeth Trough, a frontal jet is identified transporting up to 35 Sv, believed to be the SACCF [Orsi et al., 1995], placing the southern extent of the ACC in the region at 67°S.

  10. Dugout at South Potter Slough, Lower Brule Indian Reservation, SD

    Dugout at South Potter Slough. Object in foreground is a goose nesting tub. A reconnaissance-level study of selected wetlands on and near the Lower Brule Indian Reservation in South Dakota was completed in 2012-13 by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Lower Brule Sioux Tribe using gr...

  11. South Dakota Indian Recipients of Social Welfare, December 1973.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Dakota State Dept. of Social Services, Pierre. Div. of Program Analysis.

    Because American Indians are the largest minority group in South Dakota and because they are known to be among the most poverty stricken in the Nation, South Dakota annually reports on the extent to which the group depends on welfare payments. The report, prepared by the Program Analysis Section of the State Department of Social Services, analyzes…

  12. Can Indian Ocean SST anomalies influence South American rainfall?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Taschetto, Andréa S.; Ambrizzi, Tércio

    2012-04-01

    In this study we examine the impact of Indian Ocean sea surface temperature (SST) variability on South American circulation using observations and a suite of numerical experiments forced by a combination of Indian and Pacific SST anomalies. Previous studies have shown that the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) mode can affect climate over remote regions across the globe, including over South America. Here we show that such a link exists not only with the IOD, but also with the Indian Ocean basin-wide warming (IOBW). The IOBW, a response to El Niño events, tends to reinforce the South American anomalous circulation in March-to-May associated with the warm events in the Pacific. This leads to increased rainfall in the La Plata basin and decreased rainfall over the northern regions of the continent. In addition, the IOBW is suggested to be an important factor for modulating the persistence of dry conditions over northeastern South America during austral autumn. The link between the IOBW and South American climate occurs via alterations of the Walker circulation pattern and through a mid-latitude wave-train teleconnection.

  13. Mass, heat and freshwater fluxes in the South Indian Ocean

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fu, Lee-Lueng

    1986-01-01

    Six hydrographic sections were used to examine the circulation and property fluxes in the South Indian Ocean from 10 to 32 deg S. The calculations were made by applying an inverse method to the data. In the interior of the South Indian Ocean, the geostrophic flow is generally northward. At 18 deg S, the northward interior mass flux is balanced by the southward Ekman mass flux at the surface, whereas at 32 deg S the northward interior mass flux is balanced by the southward mass flux of the Agulhas Current. There is a weak, southward mass flux of 6 x 10 to the 9th kg/s in the Mozambique Channel. The rate of water exchange between the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean is dependent on the choice of the initial reference level used in the inverse calculation. The choice of 1500 m, the depth of the deep oxygen minimum, has led to a flux of water from the Pacific Ocean to the Indian Ocean at a rate of 6.6 x 10 to the 9th kg/s. Heat flux calculations indicate that the Indian Ocean is exporting heat to the rest of the world's oceans at a rate of -0.69 x 10 to the 15th W at 18 deg S and -0.25 x 10 to the 15th W at 32 deg S (negative values being southward).

  14. Prediction equation for lung functions in South Indian children.

    PubMed

    Nair, R H; Kesavachandran, C; Sanil, R; Sreekumar, R; Shashidhar, S

    1997-10-01

    Lung functions including VC, IVC, FVC, FEV0.5, FEV1, PEF, FEF0.2-1.2, FEF25-75%, FEF75-85%, PIF, FMFT, MVV(IND), peak expiratory flow at 25%, 50% and 75% of FVC, peak inspiratory flow at 75%, 50%, 25% and the ratio between different lung volumes were measured with Vitallograph Compact-II spirometer on 109 South Indian school boys in the age group of five to sixteen years. The results show an increase in "lung volumes" and "flow rates" with increase in age, height and weight. FMFT and MVV(IND) also increase with increase in anthropometric measurements. All the lung functions except FEF75-85% and the ratio between different lung volumes show significant positive correlation with age, height and weight. Regression equations were derived for predicting normal lung functions for healthy South Indian boys. Lung volumes and flow rates were lower than North Indian and foreign boys. The decrease in lung functions in South Indian boys were due to their sea level dwelling, dietary habits and comparatively lower anthropometric measurements. PMID:10235662

  15. Multi-layer Clouds Over the South Indian Ocean

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2003-01-01

    The complex structure and beauty of polar clouds are highlighted by these images acquired by the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) on April 23, 2003. These clouds occur at multiple altitudes and exhibit a noticeable cyclonic circulation over the Southern Indian Ocean, to the north of Enderbyland, East Antarctica.

    The image at left was created by overlying a natural-color view from MISR's downward-pointing (nadir) camera with a color-coded stereo height field. MISR retrieves heights by a pattern recognition algorithm that utilizes multiple view angles to derive cloud height and motion. The opacity of the height field was then reduced until the field appears as a translucent wash over the natural-color image. The resulting purple, cyan and green hues of this aesthetic display indicate low, medium or high altitudes, respectively, with heights ranging from less than 2 kilometers (purple) to about 8 kilometers (green). In the lower right corner, the edge of the Antarctic coastline and some sea ice can be seen through some thin, high cirrus clouds.

    The right-hand panel is a natural-color image from MISR's 70-degree backward viewing camera. This camera looks backwards along the path of Terra's flight, and in the southern hemisphere the Sun is in front of this camera. This perspective causes the cloud-tops to be brightly outlined by the sun behind them, and enhances the shadows cast by clouds with significant vertical structure. An oblique observation angle also enhances the reflection of light by atmospheric particles, and accentuates the appearance of polar clouds. The dark ocean and sea ice that were apparent through the cirrus clouds at the bottom right corner of the nadir image are overwhelmed by the brightness of these clouds at the oblique view.

    The Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer observes the daylit Earth continuously from pole to pole, and every 9 days views the entire globe between 82 degrees north and 82 degrees south latitude. These data products were generated from a portion of the imagery acquired during Terra orbit 17794. The panels cover an area of 335 kilometers x 605 kilometers, and utilize data from blocks 142 to 145 within World Reference System-2 path 155.

    MISR was built and is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Office of Earth Science, Washington, DC. The Terra satellite is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology.

  16. Hydrology of the Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Ellis, M.J.; Ficken, James H.; Adolphson, D.G.

    1971-01-01

    An investigation of the geology and ground-water resources of the Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota, was made at the request of the Bureau of Indian Affairs as part of the U.S. Department of Interior's program for the development of the Missouri River basin.  Originally, the Reservation included all of Mellette, Todd, and Tripp Counties; most of Gregory County, and a small part of Lyman County.  (See index map.)  However, of the 1,500 square miles of land now owned by individual Indians or by the Rosebud Sioux Tribe, nearly 95 percent is located in Mellette and Todd Counties.  Accordingly, the area of this investigation (about 2,700 square miles) was restricted to these two counties.

  17. Intestinal helminths in lowland South American Indians: some evolutionary interpretations.

    PubMed

    Confalonieri, U; Ferreira, L F; Araújo, A

    1991-12-01

    Data on intestinal parasite infections for South American Indians in prehistoric times as revealed by coprolite analysis are being used to support transoceanic migration routes from the Old World to the New World. These same findings on modern semi-isolated aborigines, considered persisting prehistoric patterns, are also of great importance as indicators of pre-Columbian peopling of South America. This is the case for the Lengua Indians from Paraguay, studied in the 1920s, and the Yanomami and the Salumã from Brazil, studied in the 1980s. The intestinal parasitic profile of these groups can be empirically associated with culture change, but no clear correlations with the population biology of their hosts can be made at present because of scarcity of data. PMID:1959913

  18. Constituents of south Indian vetiver oils.

    PubMed

    Mallavarapu, Gopal Rao; Syamasundar, Kodakandla V; Ramesh, S; Rao, Bhaskaruni R Rajeswara

    2012-02-01

    The essential oils isolated from vetiver [Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash.] roots collected from four locations in south India were analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS. Eighty constituents, representing 94.5-97.8% of the oils, have been identified. The oils from Bangalore, Hyderabad, Kundapur, and Mettupalayam were rich in sesquiterpenes and oxygenated sesquiterpenes with cedrane, bisabolane, eudesmane, eremophilane, and zizaane skeletons. The main components of the four essential oils were: eudesma-4,6-diene (delta-selinene) + beta-vetispirene (3.9-6.1%), beta-vetivenene (0.9-9.4%), 13-nor-trans-eudesma-4(15),7-dien-11-one + amorph-4-en-10-ol (5.0-6.4%), trans-eudesma-4(15),7-dien-12-ol (vetiselinenol) + (E)-opposita-4(15),7(11)-dien-12-ol (3.7-5.9%), eremophila-1 (10),11-dien-2alpha-ol (nootkatol) + ziza-6(13)-en-12-ol (khusimol) (16.1-19.2%), and eremophila-1(10),7(11)-dien-2alpha-ol (isonootkatol) + (E)-eremophila-1(10),7(11)-12-ol (isovalencenol) (5.6-6.9%). The important compounds that impart the characteristic vetiver odor are: khusimene, delta-selinene, beta-vetivenene, cyclocopacamphan-12-ol (epimers A and B), vetiselinenol, khusimol, isovalencenol, khusimone, alpha-vetivone, and beta-vetivone. The chemical profiles of the oils are comparable to Haitian vetiver oil. PMID:22474964

  19. Correlates of lifestyle: physical activity among South Asian Indian immigrants.

    PubMed

    Daniel, Manju; Wilbur, JoEllen; Fogg, Louis F; Miller, Arlene Michaels

    2013-01-01

    South Asian immigrants are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes, but little is known about their physical activity patterns. In this cross-sectional study, 110 participants were recruited to describe lifestyle physical activity behavior of this at-risk population. Education (p = .042), global health (p = .045), and self-efficacy (p = .000) had significant positive independent effects on leisure-time physical activity. Depression (p = .035) and waist circumference (p = .012) had significant negative independent effects, and frequency of experiencing discrimination a significant positive independent effect (p = .007) on daily step counts. Culture-sensitive physical activity interventions need to target South Asian Indian immigrants who are less educated, in poor health, concerned about racial discrimination, and have low self-efficacy. PMID:24219639

  20. Health inequalities among urban children in India: a comparative assessment of Empowered Action Group (EAG) and South Indian states.

    PubMed

    Arokiasamy, P; Jain, Kshipra; Goli, Srinivas; Pradhan, Jalandhar

    2013-03-01

    As India rapidly urbanizes, within urban areas socioeconomic disparities are rising and health inequality among urban children is an emerging challenge. This paper assesses the relative contribution of socioeconomic factors to child health inequalities between the less developed Empowered Action Group (EAG) states and more developed South Indian states in urban India using data from the 2005-06 National Family Health Survey. Focusing on urban health from varying regional and developmental contexts, socioeconomic inequalities in child health are examined first using Concentration Indices (CIs) and then the contributions of socioeconomic factors to the CIs of health variables are derived. The results reveal, in order of importance, pronounced contributions of household economic status, parent's illiteracy and caste to urban child health inequalities in the South Indian states. In contrast, parent's illiteracy, poor economic status, being Muslim and child birth order 3 or more are major contributors to health inequalities among urban children in the EAG states. The results suggest the need to adopt different health policy interventions in accordance with the pattern of varying contributions of socioeconomic factors to child health inequalities between the more developed South Indian states and less developed EAG states. PMID:22643297

  1. Efficacy of Cheiloscopy in Determination of Sex Among South Indians

    PubMed Central

    Kautilya D., Vijay; Bodkha, Pravir; Rajamohan, Naveen

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Human identification plays a vital role in any crime investigation. Along with the various other established methods, cheiloscopy also plays a key role in linking the criminal with the crime. The ability of a technique in differentiating the sex of a person in the field can help in screening a large number of suspects. This study evaluated the efficacy of cheiloscopy in determination of sex among South Indians. It also studied the pattern of dimorphism in the lips and lip prints of south Indians. Material and Methods: Lip prints from 100 medical students (50 males and 50 females) were obtained and were analyzed, based on Tsuchihashi and Suzuki classification, to check for dimorphism. Lip dimensions were studied by using standard sliding calipers for dimorphism. Results and Discussion: The most common pattern of lip print among males was Type III as compared to Type I in females. The outer four portions of the lip showed statistically significant differences in males and females. Middle portion of the lip was statistically insignificant in sex determination, based on lip print patterns. Thickness of the lip was significantly larger in males as compared to that in females and this criterion could be used to establish a logistic regression for determination of sex of a person. Conclusion: Lips not only significantly differ among the males and females in the pattern of the lip print that they present, but they also differ in their size. These features can effectively be used to determine the sex of a person accurately. PMID:24298473

  2. Prevalence of Duodenal Diverticulum in South Indians: A Cadaveric Study

    PubMed Central

    Kannaiyan, Kavitha; Thiagarajan, Sivakami

    2013-01-01

    Background. Duodenum is the second most common site of diverticula after the colon. Diagnosis of duodenal diverticula is incidental and found during other therapeutic procedures. In 90% of cases, they are asymptomatic, and less than 10% develop clinical symptoms. The difficulty to ascertain the true incidence of duodenal diverticula demanded for the present study to elucidate the prevalence of the duodenal diverticulum in South Indians. Materials and Methods. One hundred and twenty specimens of duodenum were utilized for the study. The prevalence, anatomical location, and dimension of duodenal diverticulum were studied. Results. Among the 120 specimens of duodenum, five specimens had solitary, extraluminal, and globular-shaped diverticula in the medial wall of the duodenum. In three (60%) cases, it was found in the second part of duodenum and in two (40%) cases in the third part. The mean size of the diverticula was 1.4 cm. Conclusion. In the present study in South Indian people, the prevalence (4.2%) of duodenal diverticula is low comparable to other studies in the literature. Even though most of the duodenal diverticula are asymptomatic, the knowledge about its frequency and location is of great importance to prevent complications like diverticulitis, hemorrhage, obstructive jaundice, and perforation. PMID:25938103

  3. Seasonal variation of the South Indian tropical gyre

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aguiar-González, Borja; Ponsoni, Leandro; Ridderinkhof, Herman; van Aken, Hendrik M.; de Ruijter, Will P. M.; Maas, Leo R. M.

    2016-04-01

    Based on satellite altimeter data and global atlases of temperature, salinity, wind stress and wind-driven circulation we investigate the seasonal variation of the South Indian tropical gyre and its associated open-ocean upwelling system, known as the Seychelles-Chagos Thermocline Ridge (SCTR). Results show a year-round, altimeter-derived cyclonic gyre where the upwelling regime appears closely related to seasonality of the ocean gyre, a relationship that has not been previously explored in this region. An analysis of major forcing mechanisms suggests that the thermocline ridge results from the constructive interaction of basin-scale wind stress curl, local-scale wind stress forcing and remote forcing driven by Rossby waves of different periodicity: semiannual in the west, under the strong influence of monsoonal winds; and, annual in the east, where the southeasterlies prevail. One exception occurs during winter, when the well-known westward intensification of the upwelling core, the Seychelles Dome, is shown to be largely a response of the wind-driven circulation. At basin-scale, the most outstanding feature is the seasonal shrinkage of the ocean gyre and the SCTR. From late autumn to spring, the eastward South Equatorial Countercurrent (SECC) recirculates early in the east on feeding the westward South Equatorial Current, therefore closing the gyre before arrival to Sumatra. We find this recirculation longitude migrates over 20° and collocates with the westward advance of a zonal thermohaline front emerging from the encounter between (upwelled) Indian Equatorial Water and relatively warmer and fresher Indonesian Throughflow Water. We suggest this front, which we call the Indonesian Throughflow Front, plays an important role as remote forcing to the tropical gyre, generating southward geostrophic flows that contribute to the early recirculation of the SECC.

  4. Cast

    PubMed Central

    Ohtsuka, Toshihisa; Takao-Rikitsu, Etsuko; Inoue, Eiji; Inoue, Marie; Takeuchi, Masakazu; Matsubara, Kaho; Deguchi-Tawarada, Maki; Satoh, Keiko; Morimoto, Koji; Nakanishi, Hiroyuki; Takai, Yoshimi

    2002-01-01

    The cytomatrix at the active zone (CAZ) has been implicated in defining the site of Ca2+-dependent exocytosis of neurotransmitter. We have identified here a novel CAZ protein of ∼120 kD from rat brain and named it CAST (CAZ-associated structural protein). CAST had no transmembrane segment, but had four coiled-coil domains and a putative COOH-terminal consensus motif for binding to PDZ domains. CAST was localized at the CAZ of conventional synapses of mouse brain. CAST bound directly RIM1 and indirectly Munc13-1, presumably through RIM1, forming a ternary complex. RIM1 and Munc13-1 are CAZ proteins implicated in Ca2+-dependent exocytosis of neurotansmitters. Bassoon, another CAZ protein, was also associated with this ternary complex. These results suggest that a network of protein–protein interactions among the CAZ proteins exists at the CAZ. At the early stages of synapse formation, CAST was expressed and partly colocalized with bassoon in the axon shaft and the growth cone. The vesicles immunoisolated by antibassoon antibody–coupled beads contained not only bassoon but also CAST and RIM1. These results suggest that these CAZ proteins are at least partly transported on the same vesicles during synapse formation. PMID:12163476

  5. Palatal rugae in population differentiation between South and North Indians: A discriminant function analysis

    PubMed Central

    Shanmugam, Shankar; Anuthama, Krishnamurthy; Shaikh, Hidayathulla; Murali, Kruthika; Suresan, Vinay; Nisharudeen, Khaja; Brinda Devi, Sulur Pechimuthu; Rajasundaram, Prakash

    2012-01-01

    Aim: The present study is aimed at delineation of different types of rugae in two different populations and developing a discriminant function for the same. Materials and Methods: A total of 940 subjects were included in the present study. The sample consisted of 466 subjects from South Indian population and 474 from North Indian population in the age group of 18-23 years. Neo colloid Easy flow(™) alginate impressions of maxillary arch were made and casts were immediately poured with Type IV dental stone. A sharp graphite pencil was used to delineate the rugae and patterns were recorded according to the classification given by Kapali et al. The association between different population and different sexes was analyzed with chi-square test and a stepwise discriminant function analysis was also performed to develop a discriminant formula. Results: Wavy, curved and straight rugae were the most common forms in both groups. Chi-square analysis for association between rugae shape and population groups showed significant differences among all the rugae patterns at the P < 5%. Chi-square analysis for assessing sex differences in the rugae shapes showed significant difference in straight, unification and circular type. Five rugae shapes – curved, wavy, nonspecific, unification and circular – were selected for discriminant function. Conclusion: The discriminant function equation obtained from the different rugae shapes in the present study was highly accurate enough to distinguish the Southern and Northern Indian population with the classification accuracy of 87.8%. Thus to identify a specific population, separate discriminant function formulae have to be developed. Hence, the study of palatal rugae is one of the simple and reliable tools for population identification in forensic science. PMID:23741146

  6. Lightning activity in the South West Indian Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bovalo, C.; Barthe, C.

    2012-12-01

    Lightning activity within tropical convective events of the Southwest Indian ocean (0°N-40°S;30°E-110°E) is investigated. The World Wide Lightning Location Network is used as it provides global lightning data since 2005. First, a 7-year lightning climatology over the Southwest Indian Ocean has been performed using the WWLLN data from 2005 to 2011. Fig. 1 shows the same main features as presented in other studies: the «hot spots» are found in the maritime continent and Sri Lanka (> 50 fl. km-2 yr-1) but also over South India and Madagascar (> 10-20 fl. km-2 yr-1). Lightning flashes within tropical cyclones represent 50% to 100% of the total lightning activity in some oceanic areas (between 10°S and 20°S). Moreover, lightning activity is more intense during the November-to-April period which corresponds to the wet/cyclonic season. Then, lightning activity in tropical storms was studied. Lightning strokes were found to occur mainly in the region 50-100 km from the storm center (inner core region). Moreover, Fig. 2 shows that, before an intensity increase, lightning activity starts decreasing from -18h to 0h in the eyewall region (0-50 km) and increases from -24h to +6h in the rainband region (200-300 km).; Distribution of the annual mean flash density (fl. km-2 yr-1) over the SWIO. The black box corresponds to the area of responsibility of RSMC La Réunion. ; Lightning density in the eyewall (top), inner core (middle) and rainband (bottom) regions for weakening and intensifying tropical storms in the Southwest Indian Ocean. A threshold for the intensity change have been used (± 10 kts (6h)-1).

  7. Lifestyle physical activity behavior among South Asian Indian immigrants.

    PubMed

    Daniel, Manju; Wilbur, JoEllen; Marquez, David; Farran, Carol

    2013-12-01

    Little is known of the physical activity behavior of South Asian Indian immigrants (SAIs), though they have more than twice the risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes than Whites. This was a cross-sectional descriptive face-to-face survey design, comparing between men and women in leisure time (LTPA), household (HPA), and occupational physical activity (OPA). Participants also wore a Lifecorder EX (NL2200) accelerometer for 7 days. Just over half (51.8 %) of the participants met the recommended PA guidelines (≥150 min moderate-intensity or ≥75 min vigorous-intensity) through LTPA. The average number of daily steps was 6,904.3, which is in the "low active" classification. Increasing lifestyle PA among SAIs is important; PA interventions appealing to gender and culture and with an aerobic component are needed. PMID:23686529

  8. Multiple Instrument Translation for Use with South Asian Indian Immigrants

    PubMed Central

    Daniel, Manju; Miller, Arlene; Wilbur, JoEllen

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe translation of five measures (physical activity, acculturation, discrimination, self-efficacy, and depression) from English into Hindi using the committee translation method, focus group, and think-aloud interviews. Two South Asian Indian (SAI) immigrant bilingual translators and a moderator reached consensus on 93 of 102 items, using the committee method. Discrepancy in nine items was resolved with a focus group conducted with five bilingual SAI immigrants. Ten other bilingual SAI immigrants participated in think-aloud interviews to assess understanding and interpretation of the questions. More than 10 additional changes were made following the think-aloud interviews. Sequential use of multiple translation techniques improved translation with culturally acceptable language, thereby maintaining equivalence with original versions. PMID:21818758

  9. Sex determination from hand dimensions of North and South Indians.

    PubMed

    Kanchan, Tanuj; Rastogi, Prateek

    2009-05-01

    When dismembered human remains are encountered, the decedent's sex may not be obvious. For these scenarios, techniques for sex determination may play a vital part of the medicolegal investigation. Five hundred hands (230 males, 270 females) from North and South Indian region were studied to investigate sexual dimorphism in hand dimensions (hand length, hand breadth, and palm length). The hand index (hand breadth/hand length x 100) and the palm index (hand breadth/palm length x 100) were derived. The hand dimensions show a higher accuracy in sex determination when compared to indices. Of all hand dimensions, hand breadth has the highest accuracy of sex determination in the study group. The sex differences were found to be statistically significant only for the hand index on the left side. The morphometric parameters of the hand show considerable sexual dimorphism in the Indian population while the hand and palm index remain poor sex indicators. The study thus has medicolegal implications when a dismembered hand is brought for examination. PMID:19302378

  10. Growth of South African Indian schoolchildren in different social classes.

    PubMed

    Walker, A R; Walker, B F; Jones, J; Kadwa, M

    1989-04-01

    The height and weight of 4594 Indian schoolchildren aged 6 to 17 years, in Durban, South Africa, were measured at schools selected by inspectors as representative of upper, intermediate, and lower socio-economic populations. Significant superiority, anthropometrically, prevailed at all ages in upper compared with lower or poor-class children, but tended to lessen at 17 years. In the affluent group, in the age period studied the proportions under the 5th percentile of USA NCHS reference values were--concerning height-for-age 4.7% to 22.0% of boys and 5.0% to 20.7% of girls; and concerning weight-for-age, 20.3% to 45.0% of boys and 9.3% to 37.7% of girls. In the affluent group, at full growth at 17 years, means of height and weight were highly significantly lower, namely, roughly by 7cm and 10kg, compared with respective mean values given in USA reference values. Hence, in Indian schoolchildren a genetic factor, and not dietary inadequacy, appears primarily responsible for both slower post-pubertal growth and lower ultimate height attainment. PMID:2500519

  11. Do attitudes toward societal structure predict beliefs about free will and achievement? Evidence from the Indian caste system.

    PubMed

    Srinivasan, Mahesh; Dunham, Yarrow; Hicks, Catherine M; Barner, David

    2016-01-01

    Intuitive theories about the malleability of intellectual ability affect our motivation and achievement in life. But how are such theories shaped by the culture in which an individual is raised? We addressed this question by exploring how Indian children's and adults' attitudes toward the Hindu caste system - and its deterministic worldview - are related to differences in their intuitive theories. Strikingly, we found that, beginning at least in middle school and continuing into adulthood, individuals who placed more importance on caste were more likely to adopt deterministic intuitive theories. We also found a developmental change in the scope of this relationship, such that in children, caste attitudes were linked only to abstract beliefs about personal freedom, but that by adulthood, caste attitudes were also linked to beliefs about the potential achievement of members of different castes, personal intellectual ability, and personality attributes. These results are the first to directly relate the societal structure in which a person is raised to the specific intuitive theories they adopt. PMID:25754516

  12. NAT2 genetic variations among South Indian populations

    PubMed Central

    Lakkakula, Saikrishna; Mohan Pathapati, Ram; Chaubey, Gyaneshwer; Munirajan, Arasambattu Kannan; Lakkakula, Bhaskar VKS; Maram, Rajasekhar

    2014-01-01

    The N-acetyltransferases (NATs) are xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes involved in the metabolism of drugs, environmental toxins and the aromatic amine carcinogens present in cigarette smoke. Genetic variations in NAT2 have long been recognized as the cause of variable enzymatic activity or stability, leading to slow or rapid acetylation. In the present study, we genotyped three single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from the NAT2 gene (rs1799929, rs1799930 and rs1799931), using TaqMan allelic discrimination, among 212 individuals from six major South Indian populations and compared the results with other available Indian and worldwide data. All three of the markers followed Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium and were highly polymorphic in the studied populations. The constructed haplotypes showed a high level of heterozygosity. All of the populations in the present study commonly shared only four haplotypes out of the eight possible three-site haplotypes. The haplotypes exhibited fairly high frequencies across multiple populations, where three haplotypes were shared by all six populations with a cumulative frequency ranging from 88.2% (Madiga) to 97.0% (Balija). We also observed a tribal-specific haplotype. A strong linkage disequilibrium (LD) between rs1799929 and rs1799930 was consistent in all of the studied populations, with the exception of the Madiga. A comparison of the genomic regions 20-kb up- and downstream of rs1799930 in a large number of worldwide samples showed a strong LD of this SNP with another NAT2 SNP, rs1112005, among the majority of the populations. Moreover, our lifestyle test (hunter–gatherer versus agriculturist) in comparison with the NAT2 variant suggested that two of the studied populations (Balija and Madiga) have likely shifted their diet more recently.

  13. Indian Gaming in South Dakota: Conflict in Public Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ackerman, William V.

    2009-01-01

    Legal gaming on Indian reservations has increased dramatically since the 1987 landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court in "California v. Cabazon Band of Mission Indians." In this case the Supreme Court upheld by a 6-3 vote the right under federal law for Indians to run gambling operations without state regulation in states where such…

  14. Root canal morphology of South Asian Indian maxillary molar teeth

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Shishir; Pawar, Mansing

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The objective was to study the root canal morphology of South Asian Indian Maxillary molars using a tooth clearing technique. Materials and Methods: Hundred teeth each comprising of first, second, and third molars collected from different dental schools and clinics in India were subjected to standard dye penetration, decalcification and clearing procedure before being studied. Results: The first molar mesiobuccal roots exhibited 69% Type I, 24% Type II, 4% Type IV, 2% Type V, and 1% exhibited a Vertuccis Type VIII canal anatomy. In the group with three separate roots the second molar mesiobuccal roots in exhibited 80.6% Type I, 15.3% Type II, 2.7% Type IV, and 1.4% Type V canal anatomy while the third molars mesiobuccal roots exhibited 57.4% Type I, 32% Type II, 2.1% Type III, 8.5% Type IV, 1% had a Type V canal anatomy in the similar group. Conclusion: A varied root canal anatomy was seen in the mesiobuccal root canal of the maxillary molars. PMID:25713497

  15. Aberdeen Area Indian Health Service Environmental Health Program Review Conducted by: Indian Health Committee of the National Environmental Health Association (Aberdeen, South Dakota, May 23-27, 1977).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Aberdeen, SD. Aberdeen Area Office.

    The Indian Health Committee met in Aberdeen, South Dakota, during the week of May 23, 1977 to (1) review the environmental health services provided to the tribal units on the 15 Indian reservations located in North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and Iowa, and (2) make recommendations for improvement or expansion of current programs, if needed. The…

  16. Menarcheal age in two generations of South African Indians.

    PubMed

    Cameron, N; Nagdee, I

    1996-01-01

    Intergenerational and socioeconomic effects on menarcheal age were investigated in a sample of 146 mother-daughter pairs of South African Indians living in the urban area of Lenasia, Gauteng Province. Information on menarcheal age, socioeconomic status, and educational attainment of both parents was obtained by questionnaire. Data on menarcheal age of daughters were analysed by probit analysis and descriptive statistics. Mean maternal menarcheal age was 13.20 years (SD = 1.57) and was significantly greater than the menarcheal age of the postmenarcheal daughters at 12.52 years (SD = 1.25) and of mean menarcheal age analysed by probits of 12.40 years (SD = 1.18). Mother-daughter menarcheal ages were significantly correlated (r = 0.23; p < 0.035). This association was confounded by the significant association of maternal menarcheal age to the age at which mothers recalled that event (r = 0.32; p < 0.003). Partial correlations demonstrated that the mother-daughter correlation reduced to a non-significant 0.16 (p < 0.14) after maternal age at recall had been controlled. No significant associations were found between socioeconomic variables and menarcheal age except for family size, in which girls with more than three siblings had significantly later menarcheal ages than girls with three siblings. Secular trends for reduced menarcheal ages were evident in both the intergenerational data (0.24 years/decade) and in comparison to the data of Kark (1953) from four decades ago (0.27 years/decade). PMID:8702210

  17. Aldehyde dehydrogenase polymorphism in North American, South American, and Mexican Indian populations.

    PubMed Central

    Goedde, H W; Agarwal, D P; Harada, S; Rothhammer, F; Whittaker, J O; Lisker, R

    1986-01-01

    While about 40% of the South American Indian populations (Atacameños, Mapuche, Shuara) were found to be deficient in aldehyde dehydrogenase isozyme I (ALDH2 or E2), preliminary investigations showed very low incidence of isozyme deficiency among North American natives (Sioux, Navajo) and Mexican Indians (mestizo). Possible implications of such trait differences on cross-cultural behavioral response to alcohol drinking are discussed. PMID:3953578

  18. Signals of the South China Sea summer rainfall variability in the Indian Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Zhuoqi; Wu, Renguang; Wang, Weiqiang

    2016-05-01

    The present study investigates signals of the South China Sea (SCS) summer rainfall variability in the Indian Ocean. It is found that the SCS summer rainfall has a negative relationship with December-January-February (DJF) western-equatorial Indian Ocean (WIO) sea surface temperature (SST), a positive relationship with an asymmetric mode of precipitation anomalies in the tropical Indian Ocean during March-April-May (MAM), and a positive relationship with June-July-August (JJA) South Indian Ocean (SIO) SST. The WIO SST anomalies induce same-sign southeast Indian Ocean SST anomalies through an anomalous zonal vertical circulation. The southeast Indian Ocean SST anomalies last from late winter to early summer and induce opposite-sign SCS summer rainfall anomalies via an anomalous meridional vertical circulation. The asymmetric mode influences the SCS summer rainfall variation via the North Indian Ocean (NIO) SST anomalies with significant cloud-radiation and wind-evaporation effect. Positive (negative) SIO SST anomalies drive an anomalous direct circulation between the SIO and the NIO, and an anomalous indirect circulation between the NIO and the SCS which facilitates the occurrence of cyclonic (anti-cyclonic) wind anomalies over the SCS-western North Pacific and results in positive (negative) SCS summer rainfall anomalies. Partial correlation analysis indicates that the influence of DJF WIO SST anomalies and JJA SIO SST anomalies on the SCS summer rainfall is partly ENSO-independent, while the MAM asymmetric mode is mostly related to the preceding DJF eastern Pacific SST anomalies.

  19. Genetic variation in genes involved in folate and drug metabolism in a south Indian population

    PubMed Central

    Rai, Padmalatha S; Murali, T. S; Vasudevan, T. G; Prasada, Shama K.; Bhagavath, Ashok Kumar; Pai, Pranita; Gopinath, P. M.; Satyamoorthy, K.

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Genetic variations represented as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) vary across the world population. This genetic polymorphism (such as SNPs) plays an important role in pharmacogenomics. SNPs that affects cellular metabolism, by altering the enzyme activity, have an important role in therapeutic outcome. Allele frequencies in number of clinically relevant SNPs within south Indian populations are not yet known. Hence, we genotyped randomly selected unrelated south Indian subjects from different locations of south India representing the heterogeneous ethnic background of the population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Common variants of MTHFD1, TYMS, SHMT1, MTR, MTRR, CBS and SULT1A1 gene polymorphisms were screened from healthy unrelated south Indian volunteers. Genotypes were determined using RFLP analysis of polymerase chain reaction-amplified products and confirmed by DNA sequencing. Chi-square test was performed to test for deviation from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for each locus. RESULTS: Gene allele frequency for several polymorphisms in our study differed significantly between the populations of other nations reported for several of the SNPs. These results demonstrate that the populations in different geographic regions may have widely varying genetic allele frequencies for clinically relevant SNPs. CONCLUSION: The present study reports, for the first time, the frequency distribution of MTHFD1, TYMS, SHMT1, MTR, MTRR, CBS and SULTIA1 gene polymorphisms in a south Indian population. Population-specific genetic polymorphism studies will help in practicing pharmacogenomic principles in the clinics. PMID:21747588

  20. [Dengue fever in the Reunion Island and in South Western islands of the Indian Ocean].

    PubMed

    D'Ortenzio, E; Balleydier, E; Baville, M; Filleul, L; Renault, P

    2011-09-01

    South Western islands of the Indian Ocean are permanently threatened by dengue fever outbreaks. On the Reunion Island, two dengue outbreaks were biologically documented (1977-1978 and 2004). And since July 2004 there has been an inter-epidemic period for the island with sporadic cases and clusters. Between January 1, 2007 and October 5, 2009, the epidemiologic surveillance system detected five confirmed autochthonous cases, five confirmed imported cases (South-East Asia), and 71 probable cases. All the five autochthonous confirmed cases occurred in Saint-Louis during two consecutive clusters. In other South Western islands of the Indian Ocean, several dengue fever outbreaks have been reported. Importation of dengue virus from South-East Asia is a major risk for a new outbreak on the island. The introduction of a new serotype could lead to the emergence of new and severe clinical forms, including dengue hemorrhagic fever. PMID:21295427

  1. Hamstring graft size and anthropometry in south Indian population

    PubMed Central

    Challa, Supradeeptha; Satyaprasad, Jonnalagedda

    2013-01-01

    Background and Aim The role of anthropometric measurements in the prediction of hamstring autograft size in Indian population remains unclear. Till now, no studies have been done on Indian population. Methods We evaluated 41 consecutive patients (34 males, 7 females) prospectively with anterior cruciate ligament deficiency scheduled for reconstruction using hamstring autograft at our institution between June 2011 and June 2013. Preoperatively we recorded age, gender, height, weight, body mass index, and activity level. Intraoperative measurements of semitendinosus tendon like absolute length, diameter before fashioning the graft and final diameter of the tripled graft using sizing tubes calibrated to 1 mm. Correlation coefficient (Pearson's r) analysis was used. Results As per study there is no correlation between graft diameter, age, sex, weight, activity, and body mass index, of patients. Height of patients correlated to graft diameter in both Indian men and women (p < 0.001). Conclusion Anthropometric measurements such as weight, gender, activity level cannot be used as definitive predictors for the hamstring graft diameter during harvest but height of the patients can be taken as good predictor in Indian population. PMID:26403553

  2. Ocean transport and variability studies of the South Pacific, Southern, and Indian Oceans

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Church, John A.; Cresswell, G. R.; Nilsson, C. S.; Mcdougall, T. J.; Coleman, R.; Rizos, C.; Penrose, J.; Hunter, J. R.; Lynch, M. J.

    1991-01-01

    The objectives of this study are to analyze ocean dynamics in the western South Pacific and the adjacent Southern Ocean and the eastern Indian Ocean. Specifically, our objectives for these three regions are, for the South Pacific Ocean: (1) To estimate the volume transport of the east Australian Current (EAC) along the Australian coast and in the Tasman Front, and to estimate the time variability (on seasonal and interannual time scales) of this transport. (2) To contribute to estimating the meridional heat and freshwater fluxes (and their variability) at about 30 deg S. Good estimates of the transport in the western boundary current are essential for accurate estimates of these fluxes. (3) To determine how the EAC transport (and its extension, the Tasman Front and the East Auckland Current) closes the subtropical gyre of the South Pacific and to better determine the structure at the confluence of this current and the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. (4) To examine the structure and time variability of the circulation in the western South Pacific and the adjacent Southern Ocean, particularly at the Tasman Front. For the Indian Ocean: (5) To study the seasonal interannual variations in the strength of the Leeuwin Current. (6) To monitor the Pacific-Indian Ocean throughflow and the South Equatorial and the South Java Currents between northwest Australia and Indonesia. (7) To study the processes that form the water of the permanent oceanic thermocline and, in particular, the way in which new thermocline water enters the permanent thermocline in late winter and early spring as the mixed layer restratifies. For the Southern Ocean: (8) To study the mesoscale and meridional structure of the Southern Ocean between 150 deg E and 170 deg E; in particular, to describe the Antarctic frontal system south of Tasmania and determine its interannual variability; to estimate the exchanges of heat, salt, and other properties between the Indian and Pacific Oceans; and to investigate the annual ventilation of the Antarctic Intermediate Water and Subantarctic Mode Water Masses.

  3. Connection of sea level height between Western Pacific and South Indian Ocean in recent decades

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    DU, Y.; Wang, T.; Zhuang, W.; Wang, J.

    2014-12-01

    Based on merged altimetry data and in site observations from tide gauges, we analyzed the fast increasing trend of sea surface height (SSH) in the recent two decades in the tropical Pacific and Indian Ocean. The results of analysis indicated a dynamic connection of SSH between the tropical western Pacific and the southeastern Indian Ocean. The low-frequency variations of SSH propagate westward in the tropical Pacific, enter the Indonesian Seas through the waveguide, and influence the southeastern India Ocean with the Kelvin-Rossby wave transformation. The thermal structure of upper ocean reveals the above adjustment mainly occur in the thermocline. However, the impacts from the Pacific are limited in the southeast Indian Ocean. In the central and west of the south Indian Ocean, local wind dominates the SSH changes in the last two decades. By lead-lag statistic analyses, we identified the cause of interdecadal from the interannual SSH variations. The interannual SSH variations is dominated by ENSO, forced by the anomalous wind along the equatorial Pacific. Whereas, the interdecadal SSH variations results from the off-equatorial wind stress curl, which is closely related to the Pacific Decadal Oscillation. The dynamic connections between the western Pacific and the south Indian Ocean were tested in the baroclinic Rossby wave solution and the numerical experiments based on the nonlinear reduced-gravity dynamics model.

  4. Can Indian Ocean SST variability impact TC activity in the South Pacific? A Spatial Analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Magee, Andrew D.; Verdon-Kidd, Danielle C.; Kiem, Anthony S.

    2015-04-01

    Tropical Cyclones (TCs) represent a significant natural hazard to the 15 island nations and 2.7 million inhabitants of the South Pacific, accounting for 76% of reported disasters in the region since 1950. This vast area, dominated by the coupled ocean-atmosphere interactions of the South Pacific fuels the highly variable nature of TCs (both spatially and temporally), leading to difficulties in planning for and responding to these extreme events. While it is well known that the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) plays a significant role in modulating the background state on which TCs form, there are other large-scale climate drivers operating on annual timescales or longer within the South Pacific (e.g. ENSO Modoki and the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation) and outside the Pacific Basin (e.g. the Indian Ocean Dipole and the Southern Annular Mode) that may also influence TC formation. In response to this issue, the impact of these large-scale climate drivers upon the spatial characteristics of tropical cyclogenesis is assessed for the South Pacific region (5o-35oS, 145oE-130oW) over a 67-year period (1945-2011). It is shown, that in addition to the impact of 'Pacific-centric' climate drivers, eastern Indian Ocean sea surface temperatures significantly impact the spatial characteristics of tropical cyclogenesis in the South Pacific. In particular, warming (cooling) in the eastern Indian Ocean is found to result in an eastward (westward) shift in the average location of tropical cyclogenesis in the South Pacific (up to 712km between extreme phases). One mechanism that may account for this east/west modulation of TC activity in the South Pacific is the propagation of warmer water from the Timor Sea through the Coral Sea to the Pacific, resulting in a strengthening of the Pacific Warm Pool and associated meteorological characteristics connected with tropical cyclogenesis. Understanding how other large-scale climate modes interact with Indian Ocean processes is important in producing a 'real-life' climatology of TCs for the region. As such, when Indian Ocean SST variability is coupled with other drivers, for example, ENSO, significant amplification of TC activity is found; up to 1540km to the east of the overall mean centre of cyclogenesis. Given the extreme impacts of TCs, any improvements in the understanding of what causes the spatial variability of TC formation may help TC forecasting methods for the region, in turn improving disaster risk management and preparedness for the nations of the South Pacific.

  5. Mesozoic Sequence Magnetic Anomalies in the South of Corad Rise, the Southern Indian Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nogi, Y.; Ikehara, M.; Nakamura, Y.; Kameo, K.; Katsuki, K.; Kawamura, S.; Kita, S.

    2009-04-01

    The Southern Indian Ocean is key area for understanding the fragmentation process of the Gondwana. However, tectonic history in the Southern Indian Ocean still remains less well-defined because of the sparse observations in this area. The R/V Hakuho-maru cruise KH-07-4 Leg3 were conducted to understand the tectonic history related to the Gondwana breakup in the Southern Indian Ocean between Cape Town, South Africa, and off Lutzow-Holm Bay, Antarctica. Total intensity and vector geomagnetic field measurements as well as swath bathymetry mapping were collected during the cruise. Magnetic anomaly data have been collected along WNW-ESE trending inferred from satellite gravity anomalies just to the south of Conrad Rise. We have also collected magnetic anomaly data along NNE-SSW trending lineaments from satellite gravity anomaly data between the south of the Conrad Rise and off Lutzow-Holm Bay. Magnetic anomalies with amplitude of about 500 nT, originating from normal and reversed magnetization of oceanic crust are detected along the WNW-ESE trending structures just to the south of Conrad Rise. Those magnetic anomalies most likely indicate Mesozoic magnetic anomaly sequence, Mesozoic sequence magnetic anomalies with amplitude of about 300 nT are also observed along the NNE-SSW trending lineaments between the south of the Conrad Rise and off Lutzow-Holm Bay. Oceanic crusts formed during Cretaceous normal polarity superchron are found in both profiles, although magnetic anomaly C34 has been identified just to the north of the Conrad Rise. These suggest the extinct spreading axes in the south of Conrad Rise and the two different seafloor spreading systems were active around Cretaceous normal polarity superchron between the south of the Conrad Rise and off Lutzow-Holm Bay. These provide new constraints for the fragmentation process of the Gondwana.

  6. South Dakota NASA Space Grant Consortium Creating Bridges in Indian Country

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bolman, J. R.

    2004-12-01

    The South Dakota Space Grant Consortium (SDSGC) was established March 1, 1991 by a NASA Capability Enhancement Grant. Since that time SDSGC has worked to provide earth and space science educational outreach to all students across South Dakota. South Dakota has nine tribes and five tribal colleges. This has presented a tremendous opportunity to develop sustainable equitable partnerships and collaborations. SDSGC believes strongly in developing programs and activities that highlight the balance of indigenous science and ways of knowing with current findings in contemporary science. This blending of science and culture creates a learning community where individuals, especially students, can gain confidence and pride in their unique skills and abilities. Universities are also witnessing the accomplishments and achievements of students who are able to experience a tribal college environment and then carry that experience to a college/university/workplace and significantly increase the learning achievement of all. The presentation will highlight current Tribal College partnerships with Sinte Gleska University and Oglala Lakota College amongst others. Programs and activities to be explained during the presentation include: Native Connections, Scientific Knowledge for Indian Learning and Leadership (SKILL), Bridges to Success Summer Research Program, Fire Ecology Summer Experience, and dual enrolled/college bridge programs. The presentation will also cover the current initiatives underway through NASA Workforce Development. These include: partnering program with the Annual He Sapa Wacipi, American Indian Space Days 2005, NASA research/internship programs and NASA Fellow Summit. An overview of recent American Indian student success will conclude the presentation. The South Dakota School of Mines and Technology has struggled over many years to develop and implement sustainable successful initiatives with Tribal Colleges and Communities. The motivating philosophy is the betterment of all people in South Dakota. If people are provided equity and access, there is no limit to what they can accomplish. SDSM&T in the last three years has graduated nineteen American Indians with degrees in engineering, many of those students' tribal college transfers. This is a significant increase, as only forty American Indian had graduated in thirty years. NASA' presence on the SDSM&T campus has provided the necessary focus and encouragement for success to take place. We are building bridges in South Dakota and the builders are from Indian Country.

  7. Alpha-globin gene haplotypes in South American Indians.

    PubMed

    Zago, M A; Melo Santos, E J; Clegg, J B; Guerreiro, J F; Martinson, J J; Norwich, J; Figueiredo, M S

    1995-08-01

    The haplotypes of the alpha-globin gene cluster were determined for 99 Indians from the Brazilian Amazon region who belong to 5 tribes: Wayampí, Wayana-Apalaí, Kayapó, Arára, and Yanomámi. Three predominant haplotypes were identified: Ia (present in 38.9% of chromosomes), IIIa (25.8%), and IIe (22.1%). The only alpha-globin gene rearrangement detected was alpha alpha alpha 3.7 I gene triplication associated with haplotype IIIa, found in high frequencies (5.6% and 10.6%) in two tribes and absent in the others. alpha-Globin gene deletions that cause alpha-thalassemia were not seen, supporting the argument that malaria was absent in these populations until recently. The heterogeneous distribution of alpha-globin gene haplotypes and rearrangements among the different tribes differs markedly from the homogeneous distribution of beta-globin gene cluster haplotypes and reflects the action of various genetic mechanisms (genetic drift, founder effect, consanguinity) on small isolated population groups with a complicated history of divergence-fusion events. The alpha-globin gene haplotype distribution has some similarities to distributions observed in Southeast Asian and Pacific Island populations, indicating that these populations have considerable genetic affinities. However, the absence of several features of the alpha-globin gene cluster that are consistently present among the Pacific Islanders suggests that the similarity of haplotypes between Brazilian Indians and people from Polynesia, Micronesia, and Melanesia is more likely to result of ancient common ancestry rather than the consequence of recent direct genetic contribution through immigration. PMID:7649529

  8. The Indian Ocean experiment: widespread air pollution from South and Southeast Asia.

    PubMed

    Lelieveld, J; Crutzen, P J; Ramanathan, V; Andreae, M O; Brenninkmeijer, C M; Campos, T; Cass, G R; Dickerson, R R; Fischer, H; de Gouw, J A; Hansel, A; Jefferson, A; Kley, D; de Laat, A T; Lal, S; Lawrence, M G; Lobert, J M; Mayol-Bracero, O L; Mitra, A P; Novakov, T; Oltmans, S J; Prather, K A; Reiner, T; Rodhe, H; Scheeren, H A; Sikka, D; Williams, J

    2001-02-01

    The Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX) was an international, multiplatform field campaign to measure long-range transport of air pollution from South and Southeast Asia toward the Indian Ocean during the dry monsoon season in January to March 1999. Surprisingly high pollution levels were observed over the entire northern Indian Ocean toward the Intertropical Convergence Zone at about 6 degrees S. We show that agricultural burning and especially biofuel use enhance carbon monoxide concentrations. Fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning cause a high aerosol loading. The growing pollution in this region gives rise to extensive air quality degradation with local, regional, and global implications, including a reduction of the oxidizing power of the atmosphere. PMID:11161214

  9. The dynamic connection of the Indonesian Throughflow, South Indian Ocean Countercurrent and the Leeuwin Current

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lambert, E.; Le Bars, D.; de Ruijter, W. P. M.

    2015-09-01

    East of Madagascar, wind and surface buoyancy fluxes reinforce each other, leading to frontogenesis, outcrop and an eastward along-front flow: the South Indian Ocean Countercurrent (SICC). In the east the Leeuwin Current (LC) is a unique eastern boundary current which flows poleward along Australia. It is often described as a regional coastal current forced by an off-shore meridional density gradient or a sea surface slope, yet little is known of the forcing and dynamics that control these open ocean meridional gadients. To complete this understanding, we make use of both an ocean general circulation model and a conceptual two-layer model. The SICC impinges on west Australia and adds to a sea level slope and a southward geostrophic coastal jet: the Leeuwin Current. The SICC and the LC are thus dynamically connected. An observed transport maximum of the LC around 22° S is directly related to this impingement of the SICC. The circulation of the Indonesian Throughflow (ITF) through the Indian Ocean appears to be partly trapped in the upper layer north of the outcrop line and is redirected along this outcrop line to join the eastward flow of the SICC. Shutdown of the ITF in both models strongly decreases the Leeuwin Current transport and breaks the connection between the LC and SICC. In this case, most of the SICC was found to reconnect to the internal gyre circulation in the Indian Ocean. The Indonesian Throughflow, South Indian Ocean Countercurrent and the Leeuwin Current are thus dynamically coupled.

  10. Prevalence of antibodies to HTLV-1 in South American Indians (Mapuches) from Chile.

    PubMed

    Inostroza, J; Diaz, P; Saunier, C

    1991-01-01

    The seroprevalence of HTLV-1 antibodies was investigated in 405 serum samples from healthy South American Indians (Mapuches) from Chile, using enzyme linked immunoassay (ELISA), Western immunoblot (WB) and radioimmuno precipitation assay (RIPA). Six samples were positive by ELISA; 3 of them were confirmed by WB/RIPA. Thus, we observed a seroprevalence of 0.7% for HTLV-1 antibodies in healthy Mapuches. PMID:1957135

  11. Anthropometric Analysis of Palpebral Fissure Dimensions and its Position in South Indian Ethnic Adults

    PubMed Central

    Vasanthakumar, P.; Kumar, Pramod; Rao, Mohandas

    2013-01-01

    Objectives The morphology and anatomical relationship of periorbital features vary according to age, sex and ethnicity. Standard database regarding periorbital region is available for other ethnic groups. Since there is no data available in the literature, specifically for south Indian ethnic adults, the present study was carried out to determine the normal average values for South Indian ethnic population related to gender. Methods Anthropometric measurements of both eyes were done on standardized frontal view photograph of 200 South Indian ethnic adults aged 18 to 26 years. Parameters included were palpebral fissure width (PFW), palpebral fissure height (PFH), palpebral fissure inclination (PFI), outercanthal distance (OCD), interpupillary distance (IPD), intercanthal distance (ICD) and comparisons were made between the genders using the independent t test. Results Significant sexual dimorphism was noted in the given parameters. Palpebral fissure width (male: 31.08 mm; female: 29.90 mm), palpebral fissure inclination (male: 5.053°; female: 6.102°), outercanthal distance (male: 95.55 mm; female: 92.44 mm) and interpupillary distance (male: 66.72 mm; female: 62.59 mm). The palpebral fissure height (male: 11.30 mm; female: 11.58 mm) and intercanthal distance (male: 34.27 mm; female: 33.41 mm) showed no significant sexual differences. Conclusion Statistically significant differences were found between South Indian ethnic males and female in certain key parameters. The present study suggests that ethnicity and gender should be considered in orbital surgery. To individualize the treatment planning and diagnosis, it is important for the surgeons to have knowledge of these local norms. PMID:23386941

  12. Impact of eddies on surface chlorophyll in the South Indian Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dufois, Francois; Hardman-Mountford, Nick; Greenwood, Jim; Richardson, Anthony; Feng, Ming; Herbette, Steven; Matear, Richard

    2015-04-01

    A unique feature of the subtropical South Indian Ocean is the existence of anticyclonic eddies that have higher chlorophyll concentrations than cyclonic eddies. Off Western Australia, this anomalous behavior is related to the seeding of anticyclonic eddies with shelf water enriched in phytoplankton biomass and nutrients. Further off-shore, two mechanisms have been suggested to explain the eddy/chlorophyll relationship: (i) eddies originating from the Australian coast maintain their chlorophyll anomaly while propagating westward; and (ii) eddy-induced Ekman upwelling (downwelling) enhances (dampens) nutrient supply in anticyclonic (cyclonic) eddies. Here we describe the relationship between eddies and surface chlorophyll within the South Indian Ocean, and discuss possible mechanisms to explain the anomalous behavior in light of new analyses performed using satellite chlorophyll data. We show that anticyclonic eddies exhibit higher surface chlorophyll concentration than cyclonic eddies across the entire South Indian Ocean basin (from 20 to 28S), particularly in winter. Using Self Organizing Maps we analyze the chlorophyll patterns within anticyclonic eddies and cyclonic eddies and highlight their complexity. Our analysis suggests that multiple mechanisms may underlie the observed eddy/chlorophyll relationship. Based on Argo float data, we postulate the relationship may be partly related to seasonal adjustment of the mixed layer depth within eddies. Deeper mixing in anticyclonic eddies is expected to enhance nutrient supply to the mixed layer, while shallower mixing in cyclonic eddies is expected to reduce it. This could explain why the observed winter surface chlorophyll bloom is stronger in anticyclonic eddies than in cyclonic eddies.

  13. The seroprevalence of immunoglobulin A transglutaminase in type 1 diabetic patients of South Indian origin

    PubMed Central

    Pulikkal, Annie A.; Kolly, Anish; Prasanna Kumar, K. M.; Shivaprasad, C.

    2016-01-01

    Context: Celiac disease (CD) is a commonly encountered autoimmune condition in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D). There is sparse data on the seroprevalence of immunoglobulin A (IgA) transglutaminase (tTG) in T1D patients of South Indian origin. Aims: To detect the prevalence of IgA tTG in T1D patients of South Indian origin. To evaluate the relation between the presence of autoimmunity and metabolic control and complications of diabetes. Materials and Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study on 258 T1D patients. All the patients were subjected to biochemical tests and evaluated for microvascular complications. IgA tTG was estimated by ELISA. IgA tTG levels >40 AU/ml was considered positive. Results: Of the 258 participants, 12 (4.65%) were found to be positive for IgA tTG antibodies. Distribution of IgA positivity was equal in both sexes. There was a significant negative correlation of IgA tTG positivity with hemoglobin and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Conclusions: The seropositivity of CD in South Indian patients with T1D has been observed to be 4.68%. This is much lower compared to studies from North India. This can be explained by both the genetic and dietary factors. The seropositivity correlated negatively with hemoglobin and HbA1c. PMID:27042421

  14. Zeolites in the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, South Dakota

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Raymond, William H.; Bush, Alfred L.; Gude, Arthur J., 3rd

    1982-01-01

    Zeolites of possible commercial value occur in the Brule Formation of Oligocene age and the Sharps Formation (Harksen, 1961) of Miocene age which crop out in a wide area in the northern part of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. The thickness of the zeolite-bearing Interval and the extent of areas within the Interval which contain significant amounts of zeolites are far greater than was expected prior to this investigation. The shape of the zeolite-bearing Interval is tabular and the dimensions of Its exposure are roughly 10 ml x 200 mi x 150 ft (16 km x 160 km x 45 m) thick. Within the study area, there are tracts in which the zeolite resource potential is significant (see pl. 2). This report is intended to inform the Oglala Sioux Tribe of some of the most promising zeolite occurrences. Initial steps can then be taken by the Tribe toward possible development of the resources, should they wish to do so. The data contained herein identify areas of high zeolite potential, but are not adequate to establish economic value for the deposits. If development is recommended by the tribal government, we suggest that the tribal government contact companies involved in research and production of natural zeolites and provide them with the data in this report.

  15. Magnetic Anomalies in the South of Corad Rise, the Southern Indian Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nogi, Y.; Ikehara, M.; Nakamura, Y.; Kameo, K.; Katsuki, K.; Kawamura, S.; Kita, S.

    2008-12-01

    Seafloor age estimated from magnetic anomalies in the Southern Indian Ocean are vital to understanding the fragmentation process of the Gondwana, but the seafloor age still remain less well-defined because of the sparse observations in this area. To understand the seafloor spreading history related to the Gondwana breakup, total intensity and vector geomagnetic field measurements as well as swath bathymetry mapping were conducted during the R/V Hakuho-maru cruise KH-07-4 Leg3 in the Southern Indian Ocean between Cape Town, South Africa, and off Lützow-Holm Bay, Antarctica. Magnetic anomaly data have been collected along WNW-ESE trending structures of unknown origin inferred from satellite gravity anomalies just to the south of Conrad Rise. We have also collected magnetic anomaly data along NNE-SSW trending lineaments from satellite gravity anomaly data between the south of the Conrad Rise and off Lützow-Holm Bay. Magnetic anomalies with amplitude of about 500 nT, originating from normal and reversed magnetization of oceanic crust, are detected along the WNW-ESE trending structures just to the south of Conrad Rise. These magnetic anomalies possibly belong to Mesozoic magnetic anomaly sequence and this shows the part of the oceanic crust just to the south of the Conrad Rise formed before the long Cretaceous normal polarity superchron although magnetic anomaly C34 has been identified just to the north of the Conrad Rise. Magnetic anomalies with amplitude of about 300 nT are also observed along the NNE-SSW trending lineaments between the south of the Conrad Rise and off Lützow-Holm Bay, and most likely indicate Mesozoic magnetic anomaly sequence. These suggest the extinct spreading axes in the south of Conrad Rise and complicated seafloor spreading history in this area.

  16. Genetic variants in leptin: Determinants of obesity and leptin levels in South Indian population

    PubMed Central

    Dasgupta, Shruti; Salman, Mohammed; Siddalingaiah, Lokesh B; Lakshmi, GL; Xaviour, D; Sreenath, Jwalapuram

    2014-01-01

    The revelation of leptin action mechanisms has led to various attempts to establish the association of polymorphisms in the leptin gene with obesity-related phenotypes. But, outcomes have been contradicting, which made the information on the role of the leptin gene in regulating the mechanism of pathophysiology of obesity inexplicable. Moreover, none of the studies are known to have similar implications on the Indian population. To address such contradictions, our study aims to evaluate the association of leptin gene polymorphism with obesity and leptin levels in a South Indian Population. A total of 304 cases (BMI≥27.5) and 309 controls (BMI≤23) from local inhabitants of Mysore, Karnataka were recruited for the study. The leptin gene variants rs7799039, rs2167270 and rs4731426 independently, as well as in 4 haplotype combinations, were found to be significantly associated with the risk of obesity. An increasing trend in BMI and leptin levels was observed with every addition of A and C minor alleles of exonic variant (rs2167270) and intronic variant (rs4731426) respectively. However, only AA genotype of SNP rs7799039 was positively associated with BMI. None of the SNPs were associated with fat percentage and waist to hip ratio. On a whole, this data suggests that the common polymorphisms in the leptin gene are strong predictors of obesity and leptin levels in South Indians. PMID:26167411

  17. Estimation of stature from hand dimensions of north and south Indians.

    PubMed

    Rastogi, Prateek; Nagesh, K R; Yoganarasimha, K

    2008-07-01

    The present study was undertaken to predict the stature of a person using hand length and breadth. The study includes 500 right-hand dominant medical students aged between 20 and 30 years, from northern and southern parts of India, studying in Kasturba medical college, Manipal, India. Hand length was measured 'between the distal wrist crease and the tip of middle finger (HL-1)' and 'between the mid-point of inter-styloid line to the tip of middle finger (HL-2)'. Hand breadth was measured between radial side of the second metacarpophalyngeal joint and ulnar side of the fifth metacarpophalyngeal joint (HB). No significant difference was present in hand dimensions between north and south Indians. When compared between both hands, right-hand dimensions were larger than the left hand, with statistically significant difference in HL-2 and HB. Linear regression equations using hand length is more helpful in estimating stature than the hand breadth. The correlation coefficients ranged from 0.673 to 0.665 and 0.740 to 0.732 in north Indian males and females, respectively. Whereas in south Indians, it ranged from 0.752 to 0.732 and 0.701 to 0.691 in males and females, respectively. Multiple regression equations give better results than linear regression equations. HL-2 gives more accurate results in stature estimation than the HL-1. PMID:18291701

  18. Reduction of the Powerful Greenhouse Gas N2O in the South-Eastern Indian Ocean

    PubMed Central

    Raes, Eric J.; Bodrossy, Levente; Van de Kamp, Jodie; Holmes, Bronwyn; Hardman-Mountford, Nick; Thompson, Peter A.; McInnes, Allison S.; Waite, Anya M.

    2016-01-01

    Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a powerful greenhouse gas and a key catalyst of stratospheric ozone depletion. Yet, little data exist about the sink and source terms of the production and reduction of N2O outside the well-known oxygen minimum zones (OMZ). Here we show the presence of functional marker genes for the reduction of N2O in the last step of the denitrification process (nitrous oxide reductase genes; nosZ) in oxygenated surface waters (180–250 O2 μmol.kg-1) in the south-eastern Indian Ocean. Overall copy numbers indicated that nosZ genes represented a significant proportion of the microbial community, which is unexpected in these oxygenated waters. Our data show strong temperature sensitivity for nosZ genes and reaction rates along a vast latitudinal gradient (32°S-12°S). These data suggest a large N2O sink in the warmer Tropical waters of the south-eastern Indian Ocean. Clone sequencing from PCR products revealed that most denitrification genes belonged to Rhodobacteraceae. Our work highlights the need to investigate the feedback and tight linkages between nitrification and denitrification (both sources of N2O, but the latter also a source of bioavailable N losses) in the understudied yet strategic Indian Ocean and other oligotrophic systems. PMID:26800249

  19. Reduction of the Powerful Greenhouse Gas N2O in the South-Eastern Indian Ocean.

    PubMed

    Raes, Eric J; Bodrossy, Levente; Van de Kamp, Jodie; Holmes, Bronwyn; Hardman-Mountford, Nick; Thompson, Peter A; McInnes, Allison S; Waite, Anya M

    2016-01-01

    Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a powerful greenhouse gas and a key catalyst of stratospheric ozone depletion. Yet, little data exist about the sink and source terms of the production and reduction of N2O outside the well-known oxygen minimum zones (OMZ). Here we show the presence of functional marker genes for the reduction of N2O in the last step of the denitrification process (nitrous oxide reductase genes; nosZ) in oxygenated surface waters (180-250 O2 μmol.kg-1) in the south-eastern Indian Ocean. Overall copy numbers indicated that nosZ genes represented a significant proportion of the microbial community, which is unexpected in these oxygenated waters. Our data show strong temperature sensitivity for nosZ genes and reaction rates along a vast latitudinal gradient (32°S-12°S). These data suggest a large N2O sink in the warmer Tropical waters of the south-eastern Indian Ocean. Clone sequencing from PCR products revealed that most denitrification genes belonged to Rhodobacteraceae. Our work highlights the need to investigate the feedback and tight linkages between nitrification and denitrification (both sources of N2O, but the latter also a source of bioavailable N losses) in the understudied yet strategic Indian Ocean and other oligotrophic systems. PMID:26800249

  20. Allele and Genotype Distributions of DNA Repair Gene Polymorphisms in South Indian Healthy Population

    PubMed Central

    Rao, Katiboina Srinivasa; Paul, Abialbon; Kumar, Annan Sudarsan Arun; Umamaheswaran, Gurusamy; Dubashi, Biswajit; Gunaseelan, Karunanithi; Dkhar, Steven Aibor

    2014-01-01

    Various DNA repair pathways protect the structural and chemical integrity of the human genome from environmental and endogenous threats. Polymorphisms of genes encoding the proteins involved in DNA repair have been found to be associated with cancer risk and chemotherapeutic response. In this study, we aim to establish the normative frequencies of DNA repair genes in South Indian healthy population and compare with HapMap populations. Genotyping was done on 128 healthy volunteers from South India, and the allele and genotype distributions were established. The minor allele frequency of Xeroderma pigmentosum group A (XPA) G23A, Excision repair cross-complementing 2 (ERCC2)/Xeroderma pigmentosum group D (XPD) Lys751Gln, Xeroderma pigmentosum group G (XPG) His46His, XPG Asp1104His, and X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) Arg399Gln polymorphisms were 49.2%, 36.3%, 48.0%, 23.0%, and 34.0% respectively. Ethnic variations were observed in the frequency distribution of these polymorphisms between the South Indians and other HapMap populations. The present work forms the groundwork for cancer association studies and biomarker identification for treatment response and prognosis. PMID:25520562

  1. Assessment of craniometric traits in South Indian dry skulls for sex determination.

    PubMed

    Ramamoorthy, Balakrishnan; Pai, Mangala M; Prabhu, Latha V; Muralimanju, B V; Rai, Rajalakshmi

    2016-01-01

    The skeleton plays an important role in sex determination in forensic anthropology. The skull bone is considered as the second best after the pelvic bone in sex determination due to its better retention of morphological features. Different populations have varying skeletal characteristics, making population specific analysis for sex determination essential. Hence the objective of this investigation is to obtain the accuracy of sex determination using cranial parameters of adult skulls to the highest percentage in South Indian population and to provide a baseline data for sex determination in South India. Seventy adult preserved human skulls were taken and based on the morphological traits were classified into 43 male skulls and 27 female skulls. A total of 26 craniometric parameters were studied. The data were analyzed by using the SPSS discriminant function. The analysis of stepwise, multivariate, and univariate discriminant function gave an accuracy of 77.1%, 85.7%, and 72.9% respectively. Multivariate direct discriminant function analysis classified skull bones into male and female with highest levels of accuracy. Using stepwise discriminant function analysis, the most dimorphic variable to determine sex of the skull, was biauricular breadth followed by weight. Subjecting the best dimorphic variables to univariate discriminant analysis, high levels of accuracy of sexual dimorphism was obtained. Percentage classification of high accuracies were obtained in this study indicating high level of sexual dimorphism in the crania, setting specific discriminant equations for the gender determination in South Indian people. PMID:26519924

  2. Accuracy of Demirjian's 8 teeth method for age prediction in South Indian children: A comparative study

    PubMed Central

    Mohammed, Rezwana Begum; Srinivas, Baratam; Sanghvi, Praveen; Satyanarayana, Gajjarapu; Gopalakrishnan, Meera; Pavani, B. Vamsi

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Demirjian's method of tooth development is most commonly used to assess age in individuals with emerging teeth. However, its application on numerous populations has resulted in wide variations in age estimates and consequent suggestions for the method's adaptation to the local sample. Original Demirjian's method utilized seven mandibular teeth, to which recently third molar is added so that the method can be applied on a wider age group. Furthermore, the revised method developed regression formulas for assessing age. In Indians, as these formulas resulted in underestimation, India-specific regression formulas were developed recently. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the accuracy and applicability of original regression formulas (Chaillet and Demirjian 2004) and India-specific regression formulas (Acharya 2010) using Demirjian's 8 teeth method in South Indian children of age groups 9–20 years. Methods: The present study consisted of 660 randomly selected subjects (330 males and 330 females) were in the aged ranging from 9 to 20 years divided into 11 groups according to their age. Demirjian's 8 teeth method was used for staging of teeth. Results: Demirjian's method underestimated the dental age (DA) by 1.66 years for boys and 1.55 years for girls and 1.61 years in total. Acharya's method over estimated DA by 0.21 years for boys and 0.85 years for girls and 0.53 years in total. The absolute accuracy was better for Acharya's method compared with Demirjian method. Conclusion: This study concluded that both the Demirjian and Indian regression formulas were reliable in assessing age making Demirjian's 8 teeth method applicable for South Indians. PMID:25684903

  3. Vitamin B12 intake and status in early pregnancy among urban South Indian women

    PubMed Central

    Samuel, Tinu Mary; Duggan, Christopher; Thomas, Tinku; Bosch, Ronald; Rajendran, Ramya; Virtanen, Suvi M; Srinivasan, Krishnamachari; Kurpad, Anura V

    2015-01-01

    Aim To evaluate the vitamin B12 status of South Indian women in early pregnancy and its relationship with sociodemographic, anthropometry and dietary intake. Methods Cross-sectional study among 366 pregnant urban South Indian women ≤14 weeks of gestation with outcome variables defined as low vitamin B12 blood concentration (<150 pmol/L) and impaired vitamin B12 status [low vitamin B12 plus elevated methylmalonic acid (MMA) >0.26 μmol/L)]. Results Low plasma vitamin B12 concentration was observed in 51.1% of the women, while 42.4% had impaired B12 status. Elevated MMA, elevated homocysteine ( >10 μmol/L) and low erythrocyte folate (<283 nmol/L) was observed among 75.8%, 43.3% and 22.2% of women, respectively. The median (25th, 75th percentile) dietary intake of vitamin B12 was 1.25 (0.86, 1.96) μg/day. Lower maternal body weight was associated with higher vitamin B12 concentration [prevalence ratios (PR) (95% CI) 0.57 (0.39, 0.84)). The predictors of impaired vitamin B12 status were non-use of yoghurt [PR (95%CI) 1.63 (1.03, 2.58)], non-use of fish [PR (95% CI) 1.32 (1.01, 1.71)] and primiparity [PR (95% CI) 1.41 (1.05, 1.90)]. Conclusion A high prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency in early pregnancy among urban South Indian women was related to primiparity and to a low consumption of yoghurt and fish. PMID:23344013

  4. Radiographic assessment of facial soft tissue thickness in South Indian population - An anthropologic study.

    PubMed

    Kotrashetti, Vijayalakshmi S; Mallapur, M D

    2016-04-01

    Facial reconstruction is a technique used in forensic anthropology to identify an unknown person. Various methods used for facial reconstruction are drawings, sculpture and computer aided image building which is mainly based on facial soft tissue thickness measurement. Several methods have been established for measuring facial soft tissue thickness (FSTT) with each one having certain limitations. There is limited data available on FSTT among South Indian population. Hence the present study was ventured to determine the FSTT among South Indian adults and also to find FSTT difference between male and female. 308 subjects of South Indian origin (18-27years) having full set of permanent dentition who require orthodontic treatment were included in the study. Subjects were assessed for Body Mass Index (BMI) and diagnostic digital x-ray of lateral cephalogram (LC), Lateral oblique (LO) view and posterior-anterior (PA) view was obtained. The digital image was transferred to Adobe Photoshop CS4 software and 23 different soft tissue points were measured. Mean FSTT was more in males compared to females except for three landmarks. Statistically significant difference was observed in 20 landmarks when height and weight was compared in males, whereas in females only 12 landmarks showed significant difference. BMI showed good correlation with FSTT in both males and females, which was confirmed by linear regression. The best regressor in terms of estimating FSTT in association with age/sex/BMI were nasion, sub nasale, labial superioris, labrale inferius, gnathion, inferior border of zygomatic, right and left gonion. Stepwise discriminant analysis using all variables showed 94.8% of overall accuracy in sex determination. The observation of present study suggests that LO and PA view along with LC gives information regarding mean FSTT among South Indian population. Even though BMI plays a dominant role in determining FSTT, but age, sex, height and weight should also be considered with care while facial reconstruction. Additionally the present regression equation contributes towards increase in the specificity of the tissue depths and can be used in real cases by allowing the practitioners to calculate individual tissue depth. PMID:26924726

  5. Local and remote forcing of decadal sea level and thermocline depth variability in the South Indian Ocean

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trenary, Laurie L.; Han, Weiqing

    2013-01-01

    AbstractAnalysis is performed on a set of diagnostic numerical experiments designed to isolate local <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean forcing versus remote forcing from the Pacific via the Indonesian throughflow on decadal variability of subsurface temperature, sea level, and thermocline depth of the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. It is found that the vertical structure of decadal temperature variability varies from decade-to-decade, with maximum variation peaking in the vicinity of the thermocline. The decadal-scale temperature variations in the tropical southwestern <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean between 5°S and 17°S are primarily associated with the vertical displacements of the thermocline. Prior to the early 1990s, decadal variations in sea level and thermocline depth can be described in terms of a baroclinic Sverdrup balance, forced by Ekman pumping velocity associated with windstress curl acting on the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. Beginning in the early 1990s, decadal variability of the equatorial Pacific trades forces thermocline variations that modify the sea level and thermocline depth across the tropical <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean basin. Farther <span class="hlt">south</span>, between 20°S and 30°S, oceanic internal variability makes significant contributions to decadal variability of the thermocline. The anomalies along the western coast of Australia are primarily driven by regional forcing acting on the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean prior to the 1990s, and signals originating from the equatorial Pacific make a greater contribution thereafter.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=dog+AND+history&pg=4&id=ED138411','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=dog+AND+history&pg=4&id=ED138411"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indians</span> of the Lower <span class="hlt">South</span>: Past and Present. Proceedings of the Gulf Coast History and Humanities Conference (5th, Pensacola, Florida, February 7-9, 1974).</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Mahon, John K., Ed.</p> <p></p> <p>A product of the 1974 Fifth Gulf Coast History and Humanities Conference, this compilation of 13 essays on American <span class="hlt">Indians</span> of the <span class="hlt">South</span> includes the following sections and titles: (1) Teaching the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Past in History Courses ("The Southeastern <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Oral History Program at the University of Florida"; "Notes on the Literature of the Gulf…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009OSJ....44..117K','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009OSJ....44..117K"><span id="translatedtitle">Oxygen isotope records of Globigerina bulloides across a north-<span class="hlt">south</span> transect in the <span class="hlt">south</span>-western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Khare, Neloy; Chaturvedi, Subodh Kumar; Saraswat, Rajeev</p> <p>2009-06-01</p> <p>Along a north-<span class="hlt">south</span> transect (9.69°N to 55.01°S) in the southwestern <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean during the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Pilot Expedition to Southern Ocean (PESO), the oxygen isotopic analysis of planktic foraminifera ( Globigerina bulloides) from 23 surface sediment samples was carried out to assess the relationship between isotopic composition of G. bulloides and the prevailing physical (seawater temperature and salinity) conditions of the ambient seawater. An increasing trend in the δ18O value is noticed towards higher latitude. Apparently such an increase in δ18O values is inversely related to the temperature changes along the transect. However, slight mismatch is observed at a few stations due to calcification out of optimum conditions or due to the salinity changes. The preliminary results of the present study, if extended to the subsurface sediments coupled with other parameters, may contribute to the reconstruction of the paleohydrography of the region, especially the position of various seawater fronts during the geologic past albeit with areal limitation.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3781558','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3781558"><span id="translatedtitle">Inverted Y chromosome polymorphism in the Gujerati Muslim <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population of <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Bernstein, R; Wadee, A; Rosendorff, J; Wessels, A; Jenkins, T</p> <p>1986-11-01</p> <p>An inverted Y chromosome has been found at a very high frequency in a Muslim <span class="hlt">Indian</span> community living in the Johannesburg-Witwatersrand area of the Transvaal Province of <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa: 8 of 141 (5.7%) retrospectively identified <span class="hlt">Indian</span> males had an inv(Y)(p11.2q11.23) and all were of the Muslim faith. The inversion was found in 22 of 72 (30.5%) prospectively studied normal Muslim <span class="hlt">Indian</span> males. All the carriers of the inversion were Gujarati-speakers whose families migrated to the Transvaal from the Gujerat Province of India during the first half of this century. The origins of the ancestors of the individuals with inv(Y) were traced to a small village, Kholvad, near the city of Surat, and some neighbouring villages. The polymorphic frequency of the inv(Y) has probably been produced through random genetic drift in a reproductively isolated community, maintained by strict endogamous marriage customs based on religious and linguistic affiliations. There was no indication that the inverted Y was associated with any reproductive disadvantages. PMID:3781558</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4819018','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4819018"><span id="translatedtitle">Global warming and <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> monsoon rainfall—lessons from the Mid-Miocene</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Reuter, Markus; Kern, Andrea K.; Harzhauser, Mathias; Kroh, Andreas; Piller, Werner E.</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Precipitation over India is driven by the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> monsoon. Although changes in this atmospheric circulation are caused by the differential seasonal diabatic heating of Asia and the Indo-Pacific Ocean, it is so far unknown how global warming influences the monsoon rainfalls regionally. Herein, we present a Miocene pollen flora as the first direct proxy for monsoon over southern India during the Middle Miocene Climate Optimum. To identify climatic key parameters, such as mean annual temperature, warmest month temperature, coldest month temperature, mean annual precipitation, mean precipitation during the driest month, mean precipitation during the wettest month and mean precipitation during the warmest month the Coexistence Approach is applied. Irrespective of a ~ 3–4 °C higher global temperature during the Middle Miocene Climate Optimum, the results indicate a modern-like monsoonal precipitation pattern contrasting marine proxies which point to a strong decline of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> monsoon in the Himalaya at this time. Therefore, the strength of monsoon rainfall in tropical India appears neither to be related to global warming nor to be linked with the atmospheric conditions over the Tibetan Plateau. For the future it implies that increased global warming does not necessarily entail changes in the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> monsoon rainfall. PMID:27087778</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23416094','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23416094"><span id="translatedtitle">RAET1/ULBP alleles and haplotypes among Kolla <span class="hlt">South</span> American <span class="hlt">Indians</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Cox, Steven T; Arrieta-Bolaños, Esteban; Pesoa, Susanna; Vullo, Carlos; Madrigal, J Alejandro; Saudemont, Aurore</p> <p>2013-06-01</p> <p>NK cell cytolysis of infected or transformed cells can be mediated by engagement of the activating immunoreceptor NKG2D with one of eight known ligands (MICA, MICB and RAET1E-N) and is essential for innate immunity. As well as diversity of NKG2D ligands having the same function, allelic polymorphism and ethnic diversity has been reported. We previously determined HLA class I allele and haplotype frequencies in Kolla <span class="hlt">South</span> American <span class="hlt">Indians</span> who inhabit the northwest provinces of Argentina, and were found to have a similar restricted allelic profile to other <span class="hlt">South</span> American <span class="hlt">Indians</span> and novel alleles not seen in other tribes. In our current study, we characterized retinoic acid early transcription-1 (RAET1) alleles by sequencing 58 unrelated Kolla people. Only three of six RAET1 ligands were polymorphic. RAET1E was most polymorphic with five alleles in the Kolla including an allele we previously described, RAET1E*009 (allele frequency (AF) 5.2%). Four alleles of RAET1L were also found and RAET1E*002 was most frequent (AF=78%). Potential functional diversity only affected RAET1E and RAET1L, which were in linkage disequilibrium indicating a selective advantage. The results suggest that limited RAET1 polymorphism in the Kolla was not detrimental to human survival but still necessary and may affect disease susceptibility or severity. PMID:23416094</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4095716','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4095716"><span id="translatedtitle">Prevalence of Catalase (-21 A/T) Gene Variant in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> (Tamil) Population</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Lourdhu Mary, A.; Nithya, K.; Isabel, W.</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Catalase, an endogenous antioxidant enzyme, is responsible for regulating reactive species levels. Several epidemiologic studies have suggested that single nucleotide polymorphism in catalase gene may be associated with many diseases. The genotype of CAT (-21 A/T) point mutation in promoter region of catalase gene was determined by polymerase chain based restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis in the DNA of 100 healthy volunteers. The frequency of CAT (-21 A/T) gene polymorphism AA, AT, and TT genotypes was found to be 7, 23, and 70 percent, respectively. The mutant “T” allele frequency was found to be 0.82 among the <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> (Tamil) population. Chi square analysis showed that the study population lies within the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The wild type genotype (AA) was found to be very low (7%) and the mutant genotype (AT/TT) was found to be more prevalent (93%) among the <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population. This suggests that the high prevalence of mutant genotype may increase the susceptibility to oxidative stress associated diseases. PMID:25057503</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3534380','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3534380"><span id="translatedtitle">Sequencing and analysis of a <span class="hlt">South</span> Asian-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> personal genome</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>Background With over 1.3 billion people, India is estimated to contain three times more genetic diversity than does Europe. Next-generation sequencing technologies have facilitated the understanding of diversity by enabling whole genome sequencing at greater speed and lower cost. While genomes from people of European and Asian descent have been sequenced, only recently has a single male genome from the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subcontinent been published at sufficient depth and coverage. In this study we have sequenced and analyzed the genome of a <span class="hlt">South</span> Asian <span class="hlt">Indian</span> female (SAIF) from the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> state of Kerala. Results We identified over 3.4 million SNPs in this genome including over 89,873 private variations. Comparison of the SAIF genome with several published personal genomes revealed that this individual shared ~50% of the SNPs with each of these genomes. Analysis of the SAIF mitochondrial genome showed that it was closely related to the U1 haplogroup which has been previously observed in Kerala. We assessed the SAIF genome for SNPs with health and disease consequences and found that the individual was at a higher risk for multiple sclerosis and a few other diseases. In analyzing SNPs that modulate drug response, we found a variation that predicts a favorable response to metformin, a drug used to treat diabetes. SNPs predictive of adverse reaction to warfarin indicated that the SAIF individual is not at risk for bleeding if treated with typical doses of warfarin. In addition, we report the presence of several additional SNPs of medical relevance. Conclusions This is the first study to report the complete whole genome sequence of a female from the state of Kerala in India. The availability of this complete genome and variants will further aid studies aimed at understanding genetic diversity, identifying clinically relevant changes and assessing disease burden in the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population. PMID:22938532</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19890012836','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19890012836"><span id="translatedtitle">Heat flow, heat generation and crustal thermal structure of the northern block of the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Craton</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Gupta, Mohan L.; Sharma, S. R.; Sundar, A.</p> <p>1988-01-01</p> <p>Heat flow values and heat generation data calculated from the concentration of heat producing radioactive elements, U, Th and K in surface rocks were analyzed. The <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Craton according to Drury et al., can be divided into various blocks, separated by late Proterozoic shear belts. The northern block comprises Eastern and Western Dharwar Cratons of Rogers (1986), Naqvi and Rogers (1987) and a part of the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> granulite terrain up to a shear system occupying the Palghat-Cauvery low lands. The geothermal data analysis clearly demonstrates that the present thermal characteristics of the above two Archaean terrains of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and Australian Shields are quite similar. Their crustal thermal structures are likely to be similar also.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=migration&pg=6&id=EJ1020028','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=migration&pg=6&id=EJ1020028"><span id="translatedtitle">U.S. Engineering Degrees for Improving <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Graduate Students' Marriage and Dowry Options</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Yakaboski, Tamara; Sheridan, Robyn Stout; Dade, Kristin</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>The article examines improved marriage opportunities as an unexplored motivator for pursuing international education via U.S. graduate engineering degrees and stresses the need to centralize gender in analyzing academic mobility and international education. This interdisciplinary qualitative study explores how <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> men and women's…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=indian+AND+pines&pg=3&id=ED047876','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=indian+AND+pines&pg=3&id=ED047876"><span id="translatedtitle">The Planning Process on the Pine Ridge and Rosebud Sioux <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservations in <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota: A Comparative Analysis.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Brown, Richard Ellsworth</p> <p></p> <p>A comparative analysis of the planning processes on the Pine Ridge and Rosebud Sioux <span class="hlt">Indian</span> reservations in <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota is presented in this master's thesis. The planning process is basically the same as is utilized in planning for a city, county, or region, but the problems facing reservation planning bodies are greater due to the greater…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=marriage&id=EJ1020028','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=marriage&id=EJ1020028"><span id="translatedtitle">U.S. Engineering Degrees for Improving <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Graduate Students' Marriage and Dowry Options</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Yakaboski, Tamara; Sheridan, Robyn Stout; Dade, Kristin</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>The article examines improved marriage opportunities as an unexplored motivator for pursuing international education via U.S. graduate engineering degrees and stresses the need to centralize gender in analyzing academic mobility and international education. This interdisciplinary qualitative study explores how <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> men and women's</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3848863','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3848863"><span id="translatedtitle">New data regarding distribution of cattle ticks in the <span class="hlt">south</span>-western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean islands</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Recent studies have produced new insight into the origin and distribution of some cattle ticks in the <span class="hlt">south</span>-western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean islands. Rhipicephalus appendiculatus, introduced from Tanzania in 2002, is now well established on Grande Comore but has not yet reached the other islands of the archipelago (Mohéli, Anjouan and Mayotte). Only one of the two clades identified in Africa has settled so far. Amblyomma variegatum, which was not supposed to be able to persist in the Antananarivo region (1300 m) nor in other Malagasy regions of high altitude without regular introductions of ticks by infested cattle, is now endemic as a general rule up to 1600 m although other regions of lower altitude (1400 m) are still free of the tick. This species remains confined in a small area of the west coast on La Reunion Island. On the contrary, Hyalomma dromedarii could not settle on Madagascar where it was introduced in 2008 and Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi is not yet present in Grande Comore despite regular introductions by infested cattle from Tanzania. A phylogeographic approach has been carried out at an intra-specific level for A. variegatum. This study has led to the identification of two main lineages, one covering all species distribution and one restricted to East Africa and the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean area. These two lineages are in sympatry in Madagascar where a high genetic diversity has been described, whereas a lower genetic diversity is observed on other islands. These results seem to agree with the historical data concerning the introduction of the tick in the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean area. PMID:24016261</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7013648','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7013648"><span id="translatedtitle">Neural-tube defects in a prehistoric <span class="hlt">south</span>-western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Devor, E J; Cordell, L S</p> <p>1981-01-01</p> <p>Concern with the frequency and patterning of the occurrence of midline neural-tube defects among contemporary human populations is widespread. These defects are, however, quite old and occur in unusually high numbers of prehistoric skeletons. A common explanation offered for such high incidence has been inbreeding among small, reproductively isolated populations. In a sample of 54 skeletons from the prehistoric <span class="hlt">south</span>-western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> site of Tijeras Pueblo in New Mexico, failure of neural-tube closure occurs in 10% of sacra recovered. While a more homogeneous genetic background and inbreeding may account for a portion of this elevated prevalence, the cause appears to lie with cultural-environmental factors. It is suggested that the aetiology of these conditions has become more complex in recent human history. PMID:7013648</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012GeoRL..39.6602H','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012GeoRL..39.6602H"><span id="translatedtitle">The impact of advective transport by the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean Countercurrent on the Madagascar plankton bloom</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Huhn, F.; von Kameke, A.; Prez-Muuzuri, V.; Olascoaga, M. J.; Beron-Vera, F. J.</p> <p>2012-03-01</p> <p>Based on ten years (1998-2007) of satellite ocean color data we analyze the spatiotemporal patterns in the seasonal Madagascar plankton bloom with respect to the advection of the recently discovered Southern <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean Countercurrent (SICC). In maps of Finite-time Lyapunov Exponents (FTLE) and Finite-Time Zonal Drift (FTZD) computed from altimetry derived velocities we observe a narrow zonal jet that starts at 25S at the southern tip of Madagascar, an important upwelling region, and extends to the east further than the largest plankton blooms (2500 km). In bloom years, the jet coincides with large parts of the northern boundary of the plankton bloom, acting as a barrier to meridional transport. Our findings suggest that advection is an important and so far underestimated mechanism for the eastward propagation and the extent of the plankton bloom. This supports the hypothesis of a single nutrient source <span class="hlt">south</span> of Madagascar.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006AGUSMED33C..01C','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006AGUSMED33C..01C"><span id="translatedtitle">Population Growth and Sprawl on the Pine Ridge <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation, <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Campbell, R. L.</p> <p>2006-05-01</p> <p>The most important impact on global land cover is human use and development. With the recent population growth occurring on the reservations in <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota, especially Pine Ridge <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation, the towns and agricultural areas of the reservation are undergoing a change. Although urban sprawl certainly is not a consideration on the reservations, the population explosion currently underway has seen a subsequent increase in rural sprawl. In this case, rural sprawl is defined as exponential population growth and geographic expansion of remote reservation communities. Using satellite imagery and software to render these images is a cost effective way to investigate this growth. Also, using remotely sensed data and a GIS (geographic information system) package can address different issues that concern people and communities in and around the Pine Ridge area. The objective of my project is to observe land use change on the Pine Ridge <span class="hlt">Indian</span> reservation using Geographic Information Systems such as; ARCGis 9, ENVI, and Multispec, along with Landsat 4, 5, and 7 imagery over the past 20 years.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_2");'>2</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_3");'>3</a></li> <li class="active"><span>4</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_5");'>5</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");'>6</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_4 --> <div id="page_5" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_3");'>3</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_4");'>4</a></li> <li class="active"><span>5</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");'>6</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="81"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3927245','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3927245"><span id="translatedtitle">Plasma homocysteine levels in depression and schizophrenia in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Tamilian population</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Narayan, Sunil K; Verman, Arul; Kattimani, Shivanand; Ananthanarayanan, P H; Adithan, Chandrasekaran</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Context: Hyperhomocysteinemia has been associated with psychiatric diseases in non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> populations. Objectives: We aimed to determine if total plasma Homocysteine (Hcys) is associated with schizophrenia or depression in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Tamil patients and if so, to correlate their severity and phenomenology to Hcys levels. Settings and Design: 40 patients each with schizophrenia and depression and 40 healthy controls were recruited from the psychiatry department of a quaternary referral centre. Association between Hcys and psychiatric disorders was determined using a Case- control design. Hcys levels were correlated with age, gender and severity and duration of the disease by appropriate statistical methods using SPSS17. Materials and Methods: Schizophrenia and depression were defined using ICD10 DCR version. Severity of depression was assessed by Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and that of schizophrenia using Positive and Negative Schizophrenia scales (PANSS). Hcys levels were determined using automated chemiluminiscence immunoassay (74-76). Statistical Analysis: Differences between the mean values of plasma homocysteine levels among schizophrenia, depression and control groups were compared using analysis of variants. The association between the severity and duration of schizophrenia and depression and the plasma homocysteine levels were determine using Pearson correlation. Conclusions: In Tamilian population, schizophrenia and depression are associated with total plasma Hcys levels which correlated with the duration and severity of psychosis. PMID:24574558</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4701704','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4701704"><span id="translatedtitle">Morphology and topography of the parietal emissary foramina in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indians</span>: an anatomical study</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Saralaya, Vasudha V.; Somesh, M. S.; Prabhu, Latha V.; Krishnamurthy, Ashwin; Chettiar, Ganesh Kumar; Pai, Mangala M.</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>The objectives of the present study were to study the prevalence of the parietal emissary vein in adult <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population and to study the distance of foramen from the sagittal suture. There were 58 adult human skulls in the present study which were available at the anatomy department of our institution. The study included 116 parietal bones which have been observed macroscopically for the number, prevalence and topography of the emissary foramen. The emissary foramen was present in 83 parietal bones (71.5%) of the present study. It was present at the junction between the middle 1/3 and posterior 1/3 region of the parietal bone. The foramen was observed solitary in 73 parietal bones (62.9%), double in 8 bones (6.9%), and triple in 2 parietal bones (1.7%). The foramen was not observed in 33 parietal bones (28.4%). The bilateral absence of parietal emissary foramen was seen in 7 skulls (12.1%). It was absent unilaterally in 19 skulls (32.7%). The accessory foramina were seen in only 8 skulls (13.8%). The mean distance of the foramen from the sagittal suture was 6.7±2.9 mm and 6.8±2.8 mm on the right and left sides respectively. The prevalence of parietal emissary vein in the present study was 71.5%. The present study has observed important data about the morphology and morphometry of the parietal emissary vein in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population. The identification of parietal emissary veins and accessory veins is important in the operation room to prevent the blood loss. PMID:26770881</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26770881','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26770881"><span id="translatedtitle">Morphology and topography of the parietal emissary foramina in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indians</span>: an anatomical study.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Murlimanju, B V; Saralaya, Vasudha V; Somesh, M S; Prabhu, Latha V; Krishnamurthy, Ashwin; Chettiar, Ganesh Kumar; Pai, Mangala M</p> <p>2015-12-01</p> <p>The objectives of the present study were to study the prevalence of the parietal emissary vein in adult <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population and to study the distance of foramen from the sagittal suture. There were 58 adult human skulls in the present study which were available at the anatomy department of our institution. The study included 116 parietal bones which have been observed macroscopically for the number, prevalence and topography of the emissary foramen. The emissary foramen was present in 83 parietal bones (71.5%) of the present study. It was present at the junction between the middle 1/3 and posterior 1/3 region of the parietal bone. The foramen was observed solitary in 73 parietal bones (62.9%), double in 8 bones (6.9%), and triple in 2 parietal bones (1.7%). The foramen was not observed in 33 parietal bones (28.4%). The bilateral absence of parietal emissary foramen was seen in 7 skulls (12.1%). It was absent unilaterally in 19 skulls (32.7%). The accessory foramina were seen in only 8 skulls (13.8%). The mean distance of the foramen from the sagittal suture was 6.7±2.9 mm and 6.8±2.8 mm on the right and left sides respectively. The prevalence of parietal emissary vein in the present study was 71.5%. The present study has observed important data about the morphology and morphometry of the parietal emissary vein in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population. The identification of parietal emissary veins and accessory veins is important in the operation room to prevent the blood loss. PMID:26770881</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3519775','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3519775"><span id="translatedtitle">Arrival of Paleo-<span class="hlt">Indians</span> to the Southern Cone of <span class="hlt">South</span> America: New Clues from Mitogenomes</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>de Saint Pierre, Michelle; Gandini, Francesca; Perego, Ugo A.; Bodner, Martin; Gómez-Carballa, Alberto; Corach, Daniel; Angerhofer, Norman; Woodward, Scott R.; Semino, Ornella; Salas, Antonio; Parson, Walther; Moraga, Mauricio; Achilli, Alessandro; Torroni, Antonio; Olivieri, Anna</p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>With analyses of entire mitogenomes, studies of Native American mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation have entered the final phase of phylogenetic refinement: the dissection of the founding haplogroups into clades that arose in America during and after human arrival and spread. Ages and geographic distributions of these clades could provide novel clues on the colonization processes of the different regions of the double continent. As for the Southern Cone of <span class="hlt">South</span> America, this approach has recently allowed the identification of two local clades (D1g and D1j) whose age estimates agree with the dating of the earliest archaeological sites in <span class="hlt">South</span> America, indicating that Paleo-<span class="hlt">Indians</span> might have reached that region from Beringia in less than 2000 years. In this study, we sequenced 46 mitogenomes belonging to two additional clades, termed B2i2 (former B2l) and C1b13, which were recently identified on the basis of mtDNA control-region data and whose geographical distributions appear to be restricted to Chile and Argentina. We confirm that their mutational motifs most likely arose in the Southern Cone region. However, the age estimate for B2i2 and C1b13 (11–13,000 years) appears to be younger than those of other local clades. The difference could reflect the different evolutionary origins of the distinct <span class="hlt">South</span> American-specific sub-haplogroups, with some being already present, at different times and locations, at the very front of the expansion wave in <span class="hlt">South</span> America, and others originating later in situ, when the tribalization process had already begun. A delayed origin of a few thousand years in one of the locally derived populations, possibly in the central part of Chile, would have limited the geographical and ethnic diffusion of B2i2 and explain the present-day occurrence that appears to be mainly confined to the Tehuelche and Araucanian-speaking groups. PMID:23240014</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4022468','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4022468"><span id="translatedtitle">Insights into the Genetic Structure and Diversity of 38 <span class="hlt">South</span> Asian <span class="hlt">Indians</span> from Deep Whole-Genome Sequencing</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Saw, Woei-Yuh; Ong, Rick Twee-Hee; Cheng, Anthony Youzhi; Pillai, Nisha Esakimuthu; Liu, Xuanyao; Xu, Wenting; Chen, Peng; Foo, Jia-Nee; Tan, Linda Wei-Lin; Koo, Seok-Hwee; Soong, Richie; Wenk, Markus Rene; Lim, Wei-Yen; Khor, Chiea-Chuen; Little, Peter; Chia, Kee-Seng; Teo, Yik-Ying</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">South</span> Asia possesses a significant amount of genetic diversity due to considerable intergroup differences in culture and language. There have been numerous reports on the genetic structure of Asian <span class="hlt">Indians</span>, although these have mostly relied on genotyping microarrays or targeted sequencing of the mitochondria and Y chromosomes. Asian <span class="hlt">Indians</span> in Singapore are primarily descendants of immigrants from Dravidian-language–speaking states in <span class="hlt">south</span> India, and 38 individuals from the general population underwent deep whole-genome sequencing with a target coverage of 30X as part of the Singapore Sequencing <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Project (SSIP). The genetic structure and diversity of these samples were compared against samples from the Singapore Sequencing Malay Project and populations in Phase 1 of the 1,000 Genomes Project (1 KGP). SSIP samples exhibited greater intra-population genetic diversity and possessed higher heterozygous-to-homozygous genotype ratio than other Asian populations. When compared against a panel of well-defined Asian <span class="hlt">Indians</span>, the genetic makeup of the SSIP samples was closely related to <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indians</span>. However, even though the SSIP samples clustered distinctly from the Europeans in the global population structure analysis with autosomal SNPs, eight samples were assigned to mitochondrial haplogroups that were predominantly present in Europeans and possessed higher European admixture than the remaining samples. An analysis of the relative relatedness between SSIP with two archaic hominins (Denisovan, Neanderthal) identified higher ancient admixture in East Asian populations than in SSIP. The data resource for these samples is publicly available and is expected to serve as a valuable complement to the <span class="hlt">South</span> Asian samples in Phase 3 of 1 KGP. PMID:24832686</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003586.htm','NIH-MEDLINEPLUS'); return false;" href="https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003586.htm"><span id="translatedtitle">Urinary <span class="hlt">casts</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePlus</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>... Waxy <span class="hlt">casts</span>; <span class="hlt">Casts</span> in the urine; Fatty <span class="hlt">casts</span>; Red blood cell <span class="hlt">casts</span>; White blood cell <span class="hlt">casts</span> ... a sign of many types of kidney diseases. Red blood cell <span class="hlt">casts</span> mean there is a microscopic amount of ...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4623640','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4623640"><span id="translatedtitle">Sexual disorders among elderly: An epidemiological study in <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> rural population</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Sathyanarayana Rao, T. S.; Ismail, Shajahan; Darshan, M. S.; Tandon, Abhinav</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Background: Realizing a dearth of data on this topic, especially in the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> context, an epidemiological study was conducted in a <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> rural population to identify the sexual activity patterns and sexual problems among the population above 60 years of age. Objectives: (1) Assessment of sexual activity patterns among individuals above 60 years. (2) Assessment of the prevalence of sexual disorders among individuals above 60 years. Materials and Methods: The study sample consisted of 259 participants, which included both males and females above 60 years of age. Subjects who were sexually active and fulfilled the study criteria were administered Arizona Sexual Experience Scale as a screening tool, for the presence of sexual problems. Those who were found to have sexual problems were interviewed further using appropriate questionnaires. Results: Only 27.4% of the individuals above 60 years were sexually active, and it progressively dropped as age advanced and none were sexually active after 75 years of age. Among the sexually active males, erectile dysfunction (ED) was prevalent in 43.5%, premature ejaculation in 10.9%, hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSSD) in 0.77% and anorgasmia in 0.38% of the subjects. Among females, arousal disorder was prevalent in 28%, HSSD in 16%, anorgasmia in 20% and dyspareunia in 8% of the subjects. Conclusion: The study gives us an insight into the sexual problems of the elderly and brings home the point that sexual problems are very much common among both men and women in the older population. Among elderly males, ED is the most common sexual disorder whereas in elderly females, arousal disorder is the most prevalent female sexual dysfunction, implicating biology plays an important role in men, whereas psychology plays an important role in women sexual functioning. PMID:26600575</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3657856','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3657856"><span id="translatedtitle">Effect of iron status on iron absorption in different habitual meals in young <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> women</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Kalasuramath, Suneeta; Kurpad, Anura V.; Thankachan, Prashanth</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Background & objectives: Iron deficiency (ID) affects a large number of women in India. An inverse relationship exists between iron (Fe) status and Fe absorption. Dietary inhibitory and enhancing factors exert a profound influence on bioavailability of Fe. Although the current recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for Fe is based on 8 per cent bioavailability, it is not clear if this holds good for the usual highly inhibitory <span class="hlt">Indian</span> diet matrix. This study was aimed to determine Fe absorption from several habitually consumed <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> food and to evaluate the interaction of Fe status with absorption. Methods: Four Fe absorption studies were performed on 60 apparently healthy young women, aged 18-35 years. Based on blood biochemistry, 45 of them were ID and 15 were iron replete (IR). The habitual meals assessed were rice, millet and wheat based meals in the ID subjects and rice based meal alone in the IR subjects. Each subject received the test meal labelled with 3 mg of 57Fe and Fe absorption was measured based on erythrocyte incorporation of isotope label 14 days following administration. Results: Mean fractional Fe absorption from the rice, wheat and millet based meals in the ID subjects were 8.3, 11.2 and 4.6 per cent, respectively. Fe absorption from the rice-based meals was 2.5 per cent in IR subjects. Interpretation & conclusions: Fe absorption is dictated by Fe status from low bioavailability meals. Millet based meals have the lowest bioavailability, while the rice and wheat based meals had moderate to good bioavailability. In millet based meals, it is prudent to consider ways to improve Fe absorption. PMID:23563376</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED164220.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED164220.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Report of the Select Committee on <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs to the National Congress of American <span class="hlt">Indians</span> (at) Rapid City, <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs.</p> <p></p> <p>A brief summary of activities of the Senate's Select Committee on <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs from April 1977 to September 1978 is presented in this report along with a status report on more than 30 of the bills which have been referred to the committee (James Abourezk, chairman). The status report on bills is organized under these headings: jurisdiction and</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3919287','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3919287"><span id="translatedtitle">The Foramen Ovale Morphometry of Sphenoid Bone in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Population</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Patil, Jyothsna; Kumar, Naveen; K.G., Mohandas Rao; Ravindra S., Swamy; S N., Somayaji; Nayak B., Satheesha; Marpalli, Sapna; L.S., Ashwini</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Background: The foramen ovale is an oval opening in the greater wing of sphenoid bone transmitting the mandibular nerve as its major content. It serves as an important landmark for neurosurgeons in certain procedures as to gain access to trigeminal nerve. Therefore, its topographic position in relation to adjacent bony landmarks provides useful tool during these procedures. Aim: To analyse the morphometric measurements of the foramen ovale among <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population. Material and Methods: Morphometric analysis was carried out on 104 foramina ovalia of 52 dry human skulls from <span class="hlt">South</span> India. Following dimensions of foramen ovale were measured: antero-posterior length, transverse width, distance (d1) from tubercle of root of zygoma to the centre of the foramen (CF) and distance (d2) from the midline of the base of the skull to CF. Results: The mean antero-posterior length was 7.0±2.17mm on right side and 6.8±1.40mm on left side, mean transverse width was 5.0±0.42mm and 4.70±0.91mm on right and left side respectively. Mean d1 was 32.58±1.72mm on right side and 32.75±1.76mm on left side. Mean d2 was 25.83±1.26mm on right side and 25.08±1.31mm on left side. Conclusion: Regional variations in the morphometric measures may be useful in neurosurgical procedures like administration of anaesthesia involving the mandibular nerve. PMID:24551606</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015ClDy...45..273Q','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015ClDy...45..273Q"><span id="translatedtitle">The decadal variability of the tropical <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean SST-the <span class="hlt">South</span> Asian High relation: CMIP5 model study</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Qu, X.; Huang, G.</p> <p>2015-07-01</p> <p>Based on Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5) models, present study investigates the decadal variability of the tropical <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean (TIO) sea surface temperature (SST)-the <span class="hlt">South</span> Asian High (SAH) relation (hereafter TSR) as well as its responses to the global warming. Out of the 17 CMIP5 models, only one (GFDL-CM3) reproduces reasonably the influence of the TIO SST on the SAH. In the historical simulations of GFDL-CM3, the TSR features fluctuations modulated by the western Pacific SST and the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subcontinent precipitation. When the TIO warming is accompanied by warm western Pacific, the western Pacific SST-induced tropospheric warming propagates westwards, warms the troposphere surrounding the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean, enhances SAH and leads to higher TSR; when accompanied by not so warmed western Pacific, the TSR is lower. While, if the TIO warming is accompanied by negative rainfall anomalies over the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subcontinent, the rainfall-induced upper-troposphere cyclone over the subtropical Asia weakens the response of the SAH and leads to lower TSR; if not accompanied by negative rainfall anomalies, the TSR is higher. The decadal variability of the TSR is not subject to the global warming. In RCP45 and RCP85 scenarios, the TSR is also not directly affected by global warming. The rainfall over the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subcontinent is still a factor modulating the TSR. While, the western Pacific SST is invalid in the influences of the TIO SST on the SAH.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4181178','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4181178"><span id="translatedtitle">Suttur study: An epidemiological study of psychiatric disorders in <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> rural population</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Sathyanarayana Rao, T. S.; Darshan, M. S.; Tandon, Abhinav; Raman, Rajesh; Karthik, K. N.; Saraswathi, N.; Das, Keya; Harsha, G. T.; Krishna, V. S. T.; Ashok, N. C.</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Background: Based on review of literature World Health Organization (WHO) Global Burden of Disease Study has estimated that psychiatric disorders are among the most burdensome, around the globe and has suggested general population surveys for future research. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders and study their association with various socioeconomic variables. Materials and Methods: This was an exploratory study where a door-to-door survey of the entire population residing in a <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> village was done (n = 3033). Mini international neuropsychiatric interview kid (MINI) or MINI plus were administered to all the subjects according to the age group. Results: It was found that 24.40% of the subjects were suffering from one or more diagnosable psychiatric disorder. Prevalence of depressive disorders was found to be 14.82% and of anxiety disorders was 4%. Alcohol dependence syndrome was diagnosed in 3.95% of the population. Prevalence of dementia in subjects above 60 years was found to be 10%. Conclusion: Our study is among the very few epidemiological studies with respect to methodological design which does not use screening questionnaires and evaluates each subject with detailed administration of MINI. It concluded that one among four were suffering from a psychiatric disorder. Improving the training of undergraduate medical and nursing students is likely to play a significant role in addressing the increasing psychiatric morbidities. PMID:25316934</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3666929','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3666929"><span id="translatedtitle">Associations of Fuchs heterochromic iridocyclitis in a <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> patient population</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Background The purpose of this study is to look for any possible associations in 58 consecutive cases of Fuchs heterochromic iridocyclitis (FHI) in a <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> patient population. Fifty-eight consecutive cases (59 eyes) of FHI underwent a detailed ocular and systemic evaluation. Routine laboratory investigations for uveitis including serum angiotensin-converting enzyme and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for toxoplasmosis (IgG and IgM) were done in all the cases. Syndrome Evaluation System comprising of multiplex nucleic acid amplification and signature specific hybridization on the aqueous fluid was done in all 59 eyes for herpes simplex virus (HSV), varicella zoster virus, cytomegalovirus (CMV), rubella virus, chikungunya virus, Toxoplasma, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The results were statistically assessed using the SPSS (version 15) package. Results Thirty-three males and 25 females with FHI were included in the study. Systemic sarcoidosis was seen in two cases. Serological tests failed to confirm an association with toxoplasmosis in all the cases. Aqueous fluid analysis showed positivity only to HSV (one case), CMV (one case), and chikungunya virus (one case). Conclusions We do see associations of sarcoidosis, HSV, and CMV in FHI in our patient populations as well. The detection of chikungunya virus in a patient with FHI in our series adds to the list of associations with FHI. PMID:23514352</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2856369','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2856369"><span id="translatedtitle">CTLA-4 A49G GENE POLYMORPHISM IS NOT ASSOCIATED WITH VITILIGO IN <span class="hlt">SOUTH</span> <span class="hlt">INDIAN</span> POPULATION</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Deeba, Farha; Syed, Rabbani; Quareen, Jariya; Waheed, MA; Jamil, Kaiser; Rao, Hanmanth</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>Background: Vitiligo or leukoderma is a chronic skin condition that causes loss of pigment due to destruction of melanocytes, resulting in irregular pale patches of skin. Vitiligo is a polygenic disease and is associated with autoimmunity with an unknown etiology. Aims: One of the candidate genes which has a strong association with several autoimmune diseases is CTLA-4 gene located in chromosome 2q33 region. We investigated the possible association between CTLA-4 gene polymorphism in exon 1 (A49G) and vitiligo in patients from <span class="hlt">South</span> India and compared the distribution of this polymorphism to matched control groups. Patients and Methods: The polymorphism was detected by Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method in 175 patients and 180 normal, age/ethnicity matched individuals. Consistency of genotype frequencies with the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was tested using a χ2 test. Results: There was no significant difference between the genotype (P = 0.93) and allele (P = 0.615) frequencies of CTLA-4 A49G polymorphism in patients and normal healthy individuals. However there was significant association of the CTLA-4 genotype (P = 0.02) and allelic frequency (P = 0.008) between the segmental and non-segmental sub groups within vitiligo. Conclusion: Our results indicate that there is no association between CTLA-4 A49G gene polymorphism and vitiligo in southern <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population. PMID:20418973</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4558748','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4558748"><span id="translatedtitle">Prevalence of hyperdontia in nonsyndromic <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population: An institutional analysis</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Kashyap, Roopashri Rajesh; Kashyap, Rajesh Shanker; Kini, Raghavendra; Naik, Vathsala</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Context: Supernumerary teeth or hyperdontia is an additional tooth, teeth or tooth like structures that either have erupted or remain unerupted in addition to the 20 deciduous and 32 permanent teeth. Supernumerary teeth may occur in isolation or as part of a syndrome or developmental abnormality. Aims: A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the prevalence of supernumerary teeth in a group of <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> nonsyndromic population. Settings and Design: A total of 2400 radiographs were examined for the presence of supernumerary teeth. Subjects and Methods: All the radiographs were examined for the presence of supernumerary teeth, their location, morphology, and number. Statistical Analysis Used: Cross-tabulation using statistical analysis software (SPSS version 16). Results: The study results showed the prevalence to be 1.2% with 44.83% of them having single supernumerary teeth. Their prevalence was more in males and the maxillary posterior region was the most common location. Conclusions: Knowledge about the supernumerary teeth is important for dental clinicians as they are relatively common but are detected as an incidental finding in a radiograph. A routine screening panoramic radiograph is mandatory for every patient to prevent the possible complications associated with it. PMID:26392730</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25893123','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25893123"><span id="translatedtitle">Idiopathic generalized epilepsy and hypokalemic periodic paralysis in a family of <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> descent.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Subramanian, Muthiah; Senthil, N; Sujatha, S</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Inherited channelopathies are a heterogeneous group of disorders resulting from dysfunction of ion channels in cellular membranes. They may manifest as diseases affecting skeletal muscle contraction, the conduction system of the heart, nervous system function, and vision syndromes. We describe a family of <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> descent with hypokalemic periodic paralysis in which four members also have idiopathic generalized epilepsy. Hypokalemic periodic paralysis is a genetically heterogeneous channelopathy that has been linked to mutations in genes encoding three ion channels CACNIAS, SCN4A, and KCNJ2 predominantly. Although data on specific gene in idiopathic generalized epilepsy is relatively scarce, mutations of voltage gated sodium channel subunit genes (CACNB4) and nonsense mutations in voltage gated calcium channels (CACNA1A) have been linked to idiopathic generalized epilepsy in two families. We speculate that gene mutations altering the ability of the beta subunit to interact with the alpha subunit of the CaV1.1 channel and mutations in the pore-forming potassium channel subunit may be possible explanations for the combined manifestation of both diseases. Functional analysis of voltage gated calcium channel and other ion channels mutations may provide additional support and insight for the causal role of these mutations. The understanding of mutations in ion-channel genes will lead to improved diagnosis and treatment of such inherited channelopathies. PMID:25893123</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4393904','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4393904"><span id="translatedtitle">Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy and Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis in a Family of <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Descent</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Subramanian, Muthiah; Senthil, N.; Sujatha, S.</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Inherited channelopathies are a heterogeneous group of disorders resulting from dysfunction of ion channels in cellular membranes. They may manifest as diseases affecting skeletal muscle contraction, the conduction system of the heart, nervous system function, and vision syndromes. We describe a family of <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> descent with hypokalemic periodic paralysis in which four members also have idiopathic generalized epilepsy. Hypokalemic periodic paralysis is a genetically heterogeneous channelopathy that has been linked to mutations in genes encoding three ion channels CACNIAS, SCN4A, and KCNJ2 predominantly. Although data on specific gene in idiopathic generalized epilepsy is relatively scarce, mutations of voltage gated sodium channel subunit genes (CACNB4) and nonsense mutations in voltage gated calcium channels (CACNA1A) have been linked to idiopathic generalized epilepsy in two families. We speculate that gene mutations altering the ability of the beta subunit to interact with the alpha subunit of the CaV1.1 channel and mutations in the pore-forming potassium channel subunit may be possible explanations for the combined manifestation of both diseases. Functional analysis of voltage gated calcium channel and other ion channels mutations may provide additional support and insight for the causal role of these mutations. The understanding of mutations in ion-channel genes will lead to improved diagnosis and treatment of such inherited channelopathies. PMID:25893123</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3925555','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3925555"><span id="translatedtitle">A Comparative Rugoscopic Study of the Dentate and Edentulous Individuals in the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Population</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Rajguru, Jagdish Prasad; Somayaji, Nagaveni S.; Masthan, K. M. K.; Babu, Aravindha N.; Mohanty, Neeta</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>This study analyzes the rugae pattern in dentulous and edentulous patients and also evaluates the association of rugae pattern between males and females. Aims and Objectives. This study aims to investigate rugae patterns in dentulous and edentulous patients of both sexes in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population and to find whether palatoscopy is a useful tool in human identification. Materials and Methods. Four hundred outpatients from Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, were included in the study. The study group was equally divided between the sexes, which was further categorized into 100 dentulous and edentulous patients, respectively. Results. The edentulous male showed the highest mean of wavy pattern and total absence of circular pattern while the edentulous female group showed the highest mean of curved pattern and total absence of nonspecific pattern, while dentate population showed similar value as that of the overall population such as straight, wavy, and curved patterns. Conclusion. The present study concludes that there is similar rugae pattern of distribution between male and female dentate population while there is varied pattern between the sexes of edentulous population. However, the most predominant patterns were straight, wavy, and circular patterns. PMID:24605051</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009coco.book..138R','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009coco.book..138R"><span id="translatedtitle">Zone Based Hybrid Feature Extraction Algorithm for Handwritten Numeral Recognition of <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Scripts</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Rajashekararadhya, S. V.; Ranjan, P. Vanaja</p> <p></p> <p>India is a multi-lingual multi script country, where eighteen official scripts are accepted and have over hundred regional languages. In this paper we propose a zone based hybrid feature extraction algorithm scheme towards the recognition of off-line handwritten numerals of <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> scripts. The character centroid is computed and the image (character/numeral) is further divided in to n equal zones. Average distance and Average angle from the character centroid to the pixels present in the zone are computed (two features). Similarly zone centroid is computed (two features). This procedure is repeated sequentially for all the zones/grids/boxes present in the numeral image. There could be some zones that are empty, and then the value of that particular zone image value in the feature vector is zero. Finally 4*n such features are extracted. Nearest neighbor classifier is used for subsequent classification and recognition purpose. We obtained 97.55 %, 94 %, 92.5% and 95.2 % recognition rate for Kannada, Telugu, Tamil and Malayalam numerals respectively.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20848309','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20848309"><span id="translatedtitle">Distribution and abundance of macrobenthic polychaetes along the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> coast.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Musale, Amar S; Desai, Dattesh V</p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>Macrobenthic polychaetes play a significant role in marine benthic food chain. A study was carried out to observe the abundance and diversity of soft bottom macrobenthic polychaetes along the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> coast, along with observations on sediment characteristics. The present study indicated an increase in the polychaete diversity as compared to earlier reports. Sixty-three different forms of polychaetes were identified along the coast, which constitute the bulk of the macrobenthic fauna. Thirty-eight species of polychaetes showed higher abundance along the west coast, whereas 25 species showed higher abundance along the east coast. Seabed composition showed a spatial variation in its composition along the coast. Occurrence of Prionospio pinnata and Capitella capitata the deposit feeders and indicators of organic pollution suggesting the sampled area is organically rich. Polychaete abundance was found to be higher along the west coast and was attributed to loose texture of sediment due to high sand and sandy-silt resulting in higher interstitial space for organisms to harbor. Canonical correspondence analysis indicated that majority of polychaete species preferred low organic carbon, sandy silt, or sandy-clay substratum. The lower polychaete abundance at high organic carbon and high silt and clay areas can be attributed to avoidance of organisms to rich organic matter and suboxic levels, being a possible indication that these characteristics adversely affects the polychaete abundance and distribution. PMID:20848309</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_3");'>3</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_4");'>4</a></li> <li class="active"><span>5</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");'>6</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_5 --> <div id="page_6" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_4");'>4</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_5");'>5</a></li> <li class="active"><span>6</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="101"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24323584','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24323584"><span id="translatedtitle">Association of CYP1A1 Gene Polymorphism with Ischemic Stroke in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Population.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Sultana, Shehnaz; Kolla, Venkata Karunakar; Peddireddy, Vidyullatha; Jeedigunta, Yasovanthi; Penagaluru, Pranay K; Joshi, Sindhu; Penagaluru, Usha Rani; Penagaluru, Pardhananda Reddy</p> <p>2011-03-01</p> <p>Stroke is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Genetic and environmental factors are involved in the pathogenesis of stroke. Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and cigarette smoking are the major risk factors, and smoking doubles the risk of ischemic stroke. Smoking cessation decreased the risk for ischemic stroke. CYP1A1 is the phase I metabolizing enzyme which plays a key role in metabolic activation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons which are present in cigarette smoke and considered carcinogenic. So far, the association of CYP1A1 gene polymorphism with stroke has not been investigated in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population. So, the study is taken up to evaluate the association of this polymorphism with ischemic stroke in a <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population. We genotyped 215 ischemic stroke patients and 162 age-matched controls using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Statistical analysis showed that CYP1A1 "CC" genotype is associated with five times increased risk of ischemic stroke (odds ratio (OR) = 5.14; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) = 1.14-23.14, p = 0.01), while "TT" (OR = 0.78, 95% CI = 0.51-1.19, p = 0.25) and "TC" (OR = 1.04, 95% CI = 0.67-1.60, p = 0.85) genotypes were nonsignificant with the increased risk of stroke. T and C allele frequencies in stroke were 76.5% and 23.5% as against 81.8% and 18.2% in control group, respectively, thus, suggesting no statistically significant differences in the T (OR = 0.72, 95% CI = 0.50-1.03, p = 0.07) and C (OR = 1.37, 95% CI = 0.96-1.97, p = 0.07) allele frequencies between the two groups. The distribution of CYP1A1 genotypes and allelic frequency within the stroke subtypes showed a significant association of CC genotype only in intracranial large artery atherosclerosis (OR = 5.21, 95% CI = 1.03-26.38, p = 0.02) while other subtypes did not show any association. Further analysis of CYP1A1 genotypes in patients and control subjects with smoking habit also showed a similar trend. Hence, we conclude that the CYP1A1 CC genotype is associated with the increased risk of ischemic stroke. PMID:24323584</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=molding&pg=4&id=EJ444034','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=molding&pg=4&id=EJ444034"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Casting</span> Technology.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Wright, Michael D.; And Others</p> <p>1992-01-01</p> <p>Three articles discuss (1) <span class="hlt">casting</span> technology as it relates to industry, with comparisons of shell <span class="hlt">casting</span>, shell molding, and die <span class="hlt">casting</span>; (2) evaporative pattern <span class="hlt">casting</span> for metals; and (3) high technological <span class="hlt">casting</span> with silicone rubber. (JOW)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016JSG....87..115C','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016JSG....87..115C"><span id="translatedtitle">Structural analysis of the Tabaco anticline, Cerrejón open-<span class="hlt">cast</span> coal mine, Colombia, <span class="hlt">South</span> America</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Cardozo, Néstor; Montes, Camilo; Marín, Dora; Gutierrez, Iván; Palencia, Alejandro</p> <p>2016-06-01</p> <p>The Tabaco anticline is a 15 km long, <span class="hlt">south</span> plunging, east-vergent anticline in northern Colombia, close to the transpressional collisional margin between the Caribbean and <span class="hlt">South</span> American plates. In the Cerrejón open-<span class="hlt">cast</span> coal mine, systematic mapping of coal seams in the middle to upper Paleocene Cerrejón Formation has yielded an exceptional dataset consisting of 10 horizontal slices (sea level to 90 m elevation, regularly spaced at 10 m intervals) through the anticline. Coal seams and fault traces in these slices are used to construct a 3D model of the anticline. This 3D model shows tighter folds within lower coal seams, NW-vergent thrusts and related folds on the gentler western limb, and strike-slip faults on the steeper eastern limb. Fault slip-tendency analysis is used to infer that these two faulting styles resulted from two different stress fields: an earlier one consistent with thrusting and uplift of the Perijá range, and a later one consistent with strike-slip faulting (Oca, Ranchería and Samán faults). Our preferred interpretation is that the anticline developed its eastern vergence during the early stages (late Paleocene-early Eocene) of tilting of the Santa Marta massif. Later NW-vergent thrusting on the western limb (early to middle Eocene) was related to western propagation of the Perijá thrust system. These results contribute to the understanding of the structural evolution of the area. They are also a good example of the complex interplay between detachment folding, thrusting, and strike-slip faulting during the growth of a km-size fold in a transpressive setting.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015EGUGA..17.7326B','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015EGUGA..17.7326B"><span id="translatedtitle">GROWTH OF THE GREAT ESCARPMENT ACROSS THE <span class="hlt">INDIAN</span> MARGIN OF <span class="hlt">SOUTH</span> AFRICA: a couple stratigraphic-geomorphologic study</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Baby, Guillaume; Guillocheau, François; Robin, Cécile; Dall'Asta, Massimo</p> <p>2015-04-01</p> <p>The <span class="hlt">South</span> African Plateau is formed by marginal bulges clustered around an intracontinental basin (the Kalahari Basin) with a mean elevation between 1000 and 1400 m. On seaward side, marginal bulges form major escarpments that can reach an elevation up to 3500 m in the Drakensberg area, boundering the high elevation continent from a dissected coastal region. The factors controlling escarpment evolution of those high-elevation passive margins are highly debated. On the one hand, geomorphic studies interpret escarpments in term of pulses of uplift and scarp retreat (King, The Natal Monocline, 1982; Partridge & Maud, S.Afr.J.Geol., 1987). On the other hand, thermochronological data and numerical models of escarpment erosion (Gallagher & Brown, Phil.Trans.R.Soc.Lon., 1999; Van der Beek et al., J.Geophys.Res., 2002) suggest that escarpments predate the breakup with a minimal escarpment retreat during post-rift margin evolution. To answer this question, we studied the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> margin of <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa (from Bushveld area to Port-Elizabeth) using sequence stratigraphy analysis of industrial seismic lines and wells. This study is coupled with an analysis of the adjacent landforms, constrained by dated sediments and weathering deposits. The first outcomes of our study are: 1. A first uplift during Late Cenomanian (95-90 Ma) created an initial escarpment along the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> coast. 2. A second uplift occurred during the latest Cretaceous to earliest Cenozoïc with a sequential tilting and truncations of the inner part of the margin followed by the incision of pediments on the seaward side of the initial escarpment, 3. A third uplift that occurred during Late Eocene - Early Oligocene and Miocene with the incision of two new generations of pediments. These preliminary results suggest that the "Great Escarpment" along the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> coast of <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa results from the stepping of at least four generations of pediments which record the polyphasic uplift history of the <span class="hlt">South</span> African Plateau during the last 100 Myr</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4525538','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4525538"><span id="translatedtitle">Hypovitaminosis D and Other Risk Factors of Femoral Neck Fracture in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Postmenopausal Women: A Pilot Study</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Selvan, Sivan Arul; Asha, Hesarghatta Shyamasunder; Thomas, Nihal; Venkatesh,, Krishnan; Oommen, Anil Thomas; Mathai, Thomas; Seshadri, MandalamSubramanian</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Background Non-communicable diseases like hip fractures are a significant problem in a developing country like India. The risk factors for hip fractures vary according to local practices and the availability of preventive health care delivery systems. There is paucity of data on risk factors for hip fracture in the <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population. Aim This study was undertaken to assess risk factors associated with femoral neck (FN) fracture in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> postmenopausal women along with subsequent one year mortality. Materials and Methods One hundred four postmenopausal women with FN fracture and 104 age and BMI matched controls were included. Sedative use, visual impairment and other relevant risk factors were assessed. Bone biochemistry and Bone Mineral Density (BMD) were evaluated. A telephonic interview was done at the end of one year to ascertain the well-being. Results Sedative use, visual impairment, low FN BMD and vitamin-D deficiency (<20 ng/ml) were seen more in fracture subjects compared to controls (p≤0.05). At the end of one year, 20% of the fracture subjects and 5% of the controls had died (p=0.001). Conclusion Risk factors identified in our study are potentially correctable, and needs special attention in an <span class="hlt">Indian</span> context to prevent hip fractures. PMID:26266149</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/825285','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/825285"><span id="translatedtitle">GREYBULL SANDSTONE PETROLEUM POTENTIAL ON THE CROW <span class="hlt">INDIAN</span> RESERVATION, <span class="hlt">SOUTH</span>-CENTRAL MONTANA</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>David A. Lopez</p> <p>2000-12-14</p> <p>Evaluation of the Lower Cretaceous Greybull Sandstone on the Crow <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation for potential stratigraphic traps in the valley-fill sandstone was the focus of this project. The Crow Reservation area, located in <span class="hlt">south</span>-central Montana, is part of the Rocky Mountain Foreland structural province, which is characterized by Laramide uplifts and intervening structural basins. The Pryor and Bighorn mountains, like other foreland uplifts, are characterized by asymmetrical folds associated with basement-involved reverse faults. The reservation area east of the mountains is on the northwestern flank of the Powder River Basin. Therefore, regional dips are eastward and southeastward; however, several prominent structural features interrupt these regional dips. The nearly 4,000 mi{sup 2} reservation is under explored but has strong potential for increased oil and gas development. Oil and gas production is well established in the Powder River Basin of Wyoming to the <span class="hlt">south</span> as well as in the areas north and west of the reservation. However, only limited petroleum production has been established within the reservation. Geologic relations and trends indicate strong potential for oil and gas accumulations, but drilling has been insufficient for their discovery. The Greybull Sandstone, which is part of the transgressive systems tract that includes the overlying Fall River Sandstone, was deposited on a major regional unconformity. The erosional surface at the base of the Greybull Sandstone is the +100 Ma, late Aptian-Early Albian regional unconformity of Weimer (1984). This lowstand erosional surface was controlled by a basin-wide drop in sea level. In areas where incised Greybull channels are absent, the lowstand erosional unconformity is at the base of the Fall River Sandstone and equivalent formations. During the pre-Greybull lowstand, sediment bypassed this region. In the subsequent marine transgression, streams began to aggrade and deposit sand of the lower Greybull Sandstone. With continued transgression, the Greybull fluvial sand graded upward into marginal marine (probably estuarine) sand (upper Greybull) and finally was capped by marine shale and the Fall River Sandstone. Subsurface mapping, incorporated with surface data, has revealed five major Greybull channels crossing the Crow Reservation. The Greybull Sandstone is a proven petroleum reservoir in the Crow Reservation region. Greybull combination traps require the presence of channel sandstone as well as structural closure. With sparse reservation well control, subsurface structural and isopach maps are highly interpretive. Three potential Greybull exploration leads were identified where possible structural closures are coincident with mapped Greybull channels: the Little Woody, Woody Dome, and Crow Agency prospects. Of these, the Crow Agency prospect was confirmed by a significant soil-gas anomaly and appears to have the greatest probability of having trapped a hydrocarbon accumulation.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014JGRD..119.8231B','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014JGRD..119.8231B"><span id="translatedtitle">Lightning activity within tropical cyclones in the <span class="hlt">South</span> West <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Bovalo, C.; Barthe, C.; Yu, N.; Bègue, N.</p> <p>2014-07-01</p> <p>Lightning activity within 70 tropical cyclones in the <span class="hlt">South</span> West <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean is studied using a large data set (2005-2013) provided by the World Wide Lightning Location Network (WWLLN). The radial and azimuthal distributions of lightning flashes are analyzed in three different regions of the basin: the open ocean, the Mozambique Channel, and the oceanic region up to 400 km off the eastern coast of Madagascar (ECM). Over the open ocean, lightning activity detected by the WWLLN is mainly found in the eyewall and decreases outward, regardless of storm intensity. Lightning activity in the eyewall of tropical cyclones is higher than in the eyewall of tropical storms. The front and the right quadrants (225° to 45°) relative to the storm motion are the regions where lightning flashes are preferentially detected. Near the ECM, lightning density in the eyewall, the inner rainbands, and the outer rainbands is quite similar, presumably owing to the proximity of land. When the system reaches tropical cyclone strength, lightning activity is mainly found in the left and rear quadrants relative to storm motion. In the Mozambique Channel, the radial and azimuthal distributions of lightning flashes are complex due to the geographical configuration of this subdomain. The relationships between lightning activity and intensity change have also been investigated for systems over the open ocean. The proportion of periods with lightning activity is higher during rapid intensity changes of tropical cyclones. During tropical storm stage, lightning activity in the outer rainbands starts increasing 18 h before a rapid intensification period. 2014. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24444838','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24444838"><span id="translatedtitle">Political contexts and maternal health policy: insights from a comparison of <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> states.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Smith, Stephanie L</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Nearly 300,000 women die from pregnancy-related complications each year. One-fifth of these deaths occur in India. Maternal survival rose on India's national policy agenda in the mid-2000s, but responsibility for health policy and implementation in the federal system is largely devolved to the state level where priority for the issue and maternal health outcomes vary. This study investigates sources of variation in maternal health policy and implementation sub-nationally in India. The study is guided by four analytical categories drawn from policy process literature: constitutional, governing and social structures; political contexts; actors and ideas. The experiences of two <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> states-Tamil Nadu a leader and Karnataka a relatively slow mover-are examined. Process-tracing, a case study methodology that helps to identify roles of complex historical events in causal processes, was employed to investigate the research question in each state. The study is informed by interviews with public health policy experts and service delivery professionals, observation of implementation sites and archival document analysis. Historical legacies-Tamil Nadu's non-Brahmin social movement and Karnataka's developmental disparities combined with decentralization-shape the states' political contexts, affecting variation in maternal health policy and implementation. Competition to advance consistent political priorities across regimes in Tamil Nadu offers fertile ground for policy entrepreneurship and strong public health system administration facilitates progress. Inconsistent political priorities and relatively weak public health system administration frustrate progress in Karnataka. These variations offer insights to the ways in which sub-national political and administrative contexts shape health policy and implementation. PMID:24444838</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015JGRC..120.5436V','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015JGRC..120.5436V"><span id="translatedtitle">Slow westward movement of salinity anomalies across the tropical <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Vargas-Hernandez, J. Mauro; Wijffels, Susan; Meyers, Gary; Holbrook, Neil J.</p> <p>2015-08-01</p> <p>Decadal salinity variability is an important characteristic of the ocean. It characterizes differences in evaporative and precipitation fluxes at the surface, and in the subsurface it contributes to steric sea level change and freshwater/salt transports. In this paper, we identify and describe westward moving and decadally varying salinity anomalies within the thermocline of the tropical <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean (SIO) based on ocean state estimates from the Simple Ocean Data Assimilation version 2.2.4 (SODA). This signature in the salinity anomalies is expressed at the depth of 20°C isotherm (D20). A two-dimensional radon transform quantifies the westward speeds as being between 0.4 and 1.7 cm s-1. These speeds are slower than those of first baroclinic-mode Rossby waves or mean advection speeds of the background flow in the same regions. The decadal salinity anomaly originates in the subtropical eastern SIO (˜ 39% of the variance explained) and merges with remote anomalies from the western tropical Pacific Ocean (WTPO) via the Indonesian Seas (˜ 11% of the variance explained). The eastern SIO displays both decadal (˜ 10-15 years) and interdecadal (˜ 15-30 years) variability influenced by the WTPO, whereas the decadal variability in the western SIO seems to be more influenced by signals originating in the subtropical eastern SIO. We conclude that these salinity anomalies are consistent with signatures of nonlinear baroclinic disturbances as explained in the recent literature, and possible interaction of higher order baroclinic-mode Rossby waves with the mean flow.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4819667','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4819667"><span id="translatedtitle">Epidemiology of Oral Lichen Planus in a Cohort of <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Population: A Retrospective Study</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Varghese, Soma Susan; George, Giju Baby; Sarojini, Sreenivasan Bargavan; Vinod, Sankar; Mathew, Philips; Mathew, Deepu George; Sebastian, Joseph; George, Arun</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>Background: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is an immune-mediated potentially malignant disorder of the oral cavity. Dysplastic OLP has an altered cytogenic profile and can progress into oral squamous cell carcinoma. The epidemiology of OLP is well-described in several relatively large series from various geographic locations, whereas such series from southern India is rare. The aim of the present study was to determine the epidemiology of OLP in a cohort of <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population. Methods: All the case data records of 29,606 patients who visited Mar Baselios Dental College and Hospital, Kerala, India from 2014 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. For data review, 122 patients of OLP were selected Estimated were type, number, and location of lesions, clinical manifestation, age of the patient, gender, onset and duration of lesion, stressful life style, habits, skin involvement and associated systemic illness, and presence/absence of dysplasia. Results: When the distribution of OLP among the gender was considered, we found more prevalence in females than males. Fifty-seven percent of patients were associated with stressful lifestyle. Reticular lichen planus was the most common clinical subtype found. Bilateral buccal mucosal was the common site, when the distribution of sites of OLP were compared (P < 0.05). Hypersensitivity reaction was frequently associated with systemic illness with OLP (P < 0.05). Anaplasia was found among 5% of lichen planus lesions. Conclusions: OLP patients had high incidence of hypersensitivity reactions and 5% of OLP lesions showed anaplasia. Long term follow-up is necessary to monitor the recurrence, prognosis, and malignant transformation of OLP. PMID:27051650</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24136662','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24136662"><span id="translatedtitle">HTLV-I infection in the <span class="hlt">South</span> West <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean islands, particularly in La Réunion and the Seychelles.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Aubry, P; Bovet, P; Vitrac, D; Schooneman, F; Hollanda, J; Malvy, D; Gaüzère, B-A</p> <p>2013-10-01</p> <p>Data on HTLV-I are scarce in several Southwest <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean islands except for La Réunion and The Seychelles. The two cases of HTLV-I have been confirmed by Western-Blot in La Réunion, among blood donors. In Seychelles (87 400 inhabitants in 2012), where blood donors and some other cases are screened, HTLV-I was confirmed with a line immune assay in 43 persons and at least 10-20 patients are known to have tropical spastic paraparesia or adult T-cell lymphoma associated with HTLV-I. In the <span class="hlt">south</span>-west <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean, a possibly important other issue may be co-infection of HTLV-1 with the Strongyloides stercoralis roundworm, which is endemic in all countries of the region and which can sometimes lead to severe symptomatic infestation. PMID:24136662</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20592065','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20592065"><span id="translatedtitle">The meaning of widowhood and health to older middle-class Hindu widows living in a <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> community.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Czerenda, A Judith</p> <p>2010-10-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">Indian</span> widowhood has long been associated with victimization and vulnerability, but traditional attitudes toward widowhood are changing and reflect the rapid changes occurring in India. Using Caring Inquiry, a phenomenological-hermeneutic methodology that places caring at its center, this article presents a study that explores the meaning of health and widowhood to 14 older middle-class Hindu widows living in urban <span class="hlt">South</span> India. From the data emerge six metathemes that are pertinent to nursing praxis and the delivery of health care to widows in <span class="hlt">South</span> India: (a) Drawing From Within, (b) Seeking Help and Guidance, (c) Accepting the Role, (d) Challenging Tradition, (e) Serving Others, and (f) Finding Companionship. The findings reveal that all the widows share a common desire to move on with life, articulated by one widow as "The Show Must Go On," which serves as a foundation for a theory and model of the meaning of widowhood and health to older middle-class <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Hindu widows. This study advances the limited body of knowledge on the lives and health of these widows. PMID:20592065</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24634181','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24634181"><span id="translatedtitle">Cross-amplification and characterization of microsatellite loci in Acropora austera from the <span class="hlt">south</span>-western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Montoya-Maya, P H; Macdonald, A H H; Schleyer, M H</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Here, we report the successful cross-species amplification of previously published acroporid microsatellite markers in the coral Acropora austera from the <span class="hlt">south</span>-western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. This fast-growing species is a major reef-building coral on <span class="hlt">South</span> African reefs; however, it is the most damaged coral by scuba diving activity, and is known to be very susceptible to coral bleaching. Neither genetic information nor symbiont-free host tissue was available to develop novel microsatellite markers for this species. Cross-species amplification of previously published microsatellite markers was considered as an alternative to overcome these problems. Of the 21 microsatellite markers tested, 6 were reliably amplified, scored, and found to contain polymorphic loci (3-15 alleles). Although microsatellite sequences are believed to be scarce in the Acropora genome because of its small size, the results of this study and previous research indicate that the microsatellite sequences are well conserved across Acropora species. A detailed screening process identified and quantified the sources of error and bias in the application of these markers (e.g., allele scoring error, failure rates, frequency of null alleles), and may be accounted for in the study of the contemporary gene flow of A. austera in the <span class="hlt">south</span>-western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. PMID:24634181</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22421923','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22421923"><span id="translatedtitle">Associations of variants in FTO and near MC4R with obesity traits in <span class="hlt">South</span> Asian <span class="hlt">Indians</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Vasan, Senthil K; Fall, Tove; Neville, Matthew J; Antonisamy, Belavendra; Fall, Caroline H; Geethanjali, Finney S; Gu, Harvest F; Raghupathy, Palany; Samuel, Prasanna; Thomas, Nihal; Brismar, Kerstin; Ingelsson, Erik; Karpe, Fredrik</p> <p>2012-11-01</p> <p>Recent genome-wide association studies show that loci in FTO and melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) associate with obesity-related traits. Outside Western populations the associations between these variants have not always been consistent and in <span class="hlt">Indians</span> it has been suggested that FTO relates to diabetes without an obvious intermediary obesity phenotype. We investigated the association between genetic variants in FTO (rs9939609) and near MC4R (rs17782313) with obesity- and type 2 diabetes (T2DM)-related traits in a longitudinal birth cohort of 2,151 healthy individuals from the Vellore birth cohort in <span class="hlt">South</span> India. The FTO locus displayed significant associations with several conventional obesity-related anthropometric traits. The per allele increase is about 1% for BMI, waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), and waist-hip ratio. Consistent associations were observed for adipose tissue-specific measurements such as skinfold thickness reinforcing the association with obesity-related traits. Obesity associations for the MC4R locus were weak or nonsignificant but a signal for height (P < 0.001) was observed. The effect on obesity-related traits for FTO was seen in adulthood, but not at younger ages. The loci also showed nominal associations with increased blood glucose but these associations were lost on BMI adjustment. The effect of FTO on obesity-related traits was driven by an urban environmental influence. We conclude that rs9939609 variant in the FTO locus is associated with measures of adiposity and metabolic consequences in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indians</span> with an enhanced effect associated with urban living. The detection of these associations in <span class="hlt">Indians</span> is challenging because conventional anthropometric obesity measures work poorly in the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> "thin-fat" phenotype. PMID:22421923</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26796545','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26796545"><span id="translatedtitle">The HLA-C*06 allele as a possible genetic predisposing factor to psoriasis in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Tamils.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Indhumathi, S; Rajappa, Medha; Chandrashekar, Laxmisha; Ananthanarayanan, P H; Thappa, D M; Negi, V S</p> <p>2016-04-01</p> <p>Psoriasis is a multi-factorial heritable prototypical immune-mediated inflammatory disease, characterized by hyperproliferation of keratinocytes in the affected skin. There are no studies till date, to the best of our knowledge, about the association of HLA-C*06, the risk variant in the PSORS 1 susceptibility locus that confers the greatest risk for early onset of psoriasis, with the disease in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Tamil patients with psoriasis. The present study was performed to determine the association of HLA-C*06 with psoriasis in the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Tamil ethnic population. Three hundred and fifty-five cases of psoriasis and 360 healthy controls were included in this case-control study. Severity grading according to psoriasis area severity index (PASI) scoring was done in patients with psoriasis. PCR assays with sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP) were used for specific detection of HLA-C*06. PCR with analysis of restriction fragment length polymorphism was used to distinguish between patients homozygous and heterozygous for HLA-C*06. We observed that those with the HLA-C*06-positive allele had a 3.5 times higher odds of having psoriasis compared to those without, [p < 0.0001, OR 3.5, 95 % CI (2.59-4.79)]. Among cases of psoriasis, it was noted that there was a significant association of HLA-C*06 positivity with female psoriatics [p = 0.006; OR 2.49 (1.28-4.87)] and early age of onset of psoriasis [p = 0.002; OR 2.04 (1.29-3.20)]. Our results suggest that the HLA-C*06 allele is positively associated with susceptibility to psoriasis, female gender and early onset of psoriasis in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Tamils. PMID:26796545</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23440491','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23440491"><span id="translatedtitle">Nutritional factors associated with antenatal depressive symptoms in the early stage of pregnancy among urban <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> women.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Lukose, Ammu; Ramthal, Asha; Thomas, Tinku; Bosch, Ronald; Kurpad, Anura V; Duggan, Christopher; Srinivasan, Krishnamachari</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Many women of reproductive age from developing countries have poor nutritional status, and the prevalence of depression during pregnancy is high. The objective of the present study was to assess the prevalence of antenatal depressive symptoms in early pregnancy, and to identify the demographic and nutritional factors associated with these symptoms in a sample of urban <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> pregnant women. This cross-sectional study was the baseline assessment of a prospective randomized controlled trial of vitamin B12 supplementation in urban pregnant <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> women between the ages of 18 and 40 years ( www.clinicaltrials.gov : NCT00641862). 365 women in their first trimester of pregnancy were screened for depressive symptoms at an urban clinic in Karnataka, <span class="hlt">South</span> India, using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K-10). Nutritional, clinical and biochemical factors were also assessed. Mean (SD) age of the cohort was 22.6 (3.7) years and mean (SD) BMI was 20.4 (3.3) kg/m(2). 121 (33 %) of the women in the 1st trimester had symptoms consistent with depression (K-10 score >6). In multivariate log binomial regression analysis, presence of antenatal depressive symptoms in the first trimester were positively associated with vomiting, prevalence ratio (PR) = 1.54 (95 % CI 1.10, 2.16) and negatively with anemia, PR = 0.67 (95 % CI 0.47, 0.96). Nutrient intakes, serum vitamin B12, methylmalonic acid, homocysteine and red cell folate levels were not associated with measures of depression. Antenatal depressive symptoms in early pregnancy are highly prevalent in urban <span class="hlt">Indian</span> women and are more common in women with vomiting and without anemia. In this cross-sectional data, blood concentrations of vitamin B12 and folate were not associated with depressive symptoms. The relationship between nutritional status and depressive symptoms may require larger and longitudinal studies. PMID:23440491</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25357267','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25357267"><span id="translatedtitle">Changing food habits in a <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Hindu Brahmin community: a case of transitioning gender roles and family dynamics.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Mahadevan, Meena; Blair, Dorothy; Raines, Emily Rose</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>This study was conducted to explore the perceptions of 20 <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Hindu Brahmin women on the factors influencing their food habits upon immigrating to America. The competing demands of juggling a new career and managing their family's nutritional needs at the same time, all without the support of extended family members, played an important role in steering these women away from cooking traditional healthy meals, and resorting to fast foods instead. Intervention strategies should be directed toward improving the barriers to eating healthy that were specifically identified within the confines of shifting gender roles and limited family support networks. PMID:25357267</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009GML....29...61K','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009GML....29...61K"><span id="translatedtitle">Latitudinal trends in morphological characteristics of Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (Ehrenberg) along a north-<span class="hlt">south</span> transect in the <span class="hlt">south</span>-western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Khare, Neloy; Govil, Pawan; Mazumder, Abhijit</p> <p>2009-02-01</p> <p>A total of 25 surficial sediment samples (Peterson grab, gravity and piston cores), collected during the Pilot Expedition to Southern Ocean (PESO) 2004 cruises 199C and 200 onboard the ORV Sagar Kanya along a N-S transect between 9.69 °N and 55.01 °S, and 80 and 40 °E in the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean sector of the Southern Ocean (SW <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean), have been investigated for various morphological features—test size, mean proloculus size and coiling direction (dextral/sinistral forms)—of the planktic indicator species Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (Ehrenberg). The results show that the coiling directions co-vary with temperature and salinity, the abundances of sinistrally coiled forms increasing towards higher latitudes (<span class="hlt">south</span> of 40 °S), whereas dextrally coiled forms show a reverse trend. Similarly, overall test and proloculus sizes depend largely on the physicochemical properties (salinity, temperature, nutrients, calcium saturation) of the ambient water masses. These observations suggest that, particularly at the boundaries between different water masses, variations in morphological features of N. pachyderma can meaningfully be used to reconstruct paleoceanographic conditions from <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean sediments.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4403926','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4403926"><span id="translatedtitle">Hyperglycaemia Enhances Nitric Oxide Production in Diabetes: A Study from <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Patients</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Adela, Ramu; Nethi, Susheel Kumar; Bagul, Pankaj K.; Barui, Ayan K.; Mattapally, Saidulu; Kuncha, Madhusudan; Patra, Chitta R.; Reddy, P. Naveen Chander; Banerjee, Sanjay K.</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Background We have previously reported that increased glucose levels were associated with higher serum nitric oxide (NO) levels in fructose-fed insulin resistant rats. However, the relationship between hyperglycemia and serum NO level was not clear. Therefore, the present study was designed to find the association between hyperglycemia and serum NO levels in Type 2 diabetic (T2DM) patients and T2DM with cardiovascular complication. Methods Endothelial cells (HUVEC) were treated with of D-glucose (10-100mM), and NO levels and NOS gene expression was measured. Hyperglycaemia was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats, and serum NO levels were measured after 8 weeks. For clinical evaluation, five groups of patients were recruited: Control (CT, n=48), Type 2 diabetes (T2DM, n=26), T2DM with hypertension (DMHT, n=46), Coronary artery diseases (CAD, n=29) and T2DM with coronary artery diseases (DMCD, n=38). NO (nitrite + nitrate) levels were measured from human serum. Results We found a significant (p<0.05) and dose-dependent increase in NO levels in HUVEC cells after 4 hours of high glucose exposure. eNOS and iNOS gene expression was increased in HUVEC cells after different concentrations and time periods of glucose treatment. We also observed significant (149.1±25μM, p<0.01) increase in serum NO levels in hyperglycaemic rats compared to control (76.6±13.2μM). Serum NO level was significantly higher in T2DM (111.8 μM (81.7-122.4), p<0.001) and DMCD patients ((129.4 μM (121.2-143.5), p <0.001) but not in CAD patients (76.4 μM (70.5-87)), as compared to control (68.2 μM (56.4-82.3)). We found significantly lower NO levels (83.5 μM (60.5-122.9)) in subjects suffering from diabetes since more than 5 years, compared to subjects (115.3 μM (75.2-127.1), p<0.001) with less than 5 years. Conclusion In conclusion, high NO levels were observed in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> diabetic patients. Higher glucose levels in serum might be responsible for activation of endothelial cells to enhance NO levels. PMID:25894234</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3843402','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3843402"><span id="translatedtitle">Estimation of total Length of Femur From Its Fragments in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Population</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Solan, Shweta; Kulkarni, Roopa</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Introduction: Establishment of identity of deceased person also assumes a great medicolegal importance. To establish the identity of a person, stature is one of the criteria. To know stature of individual, length of long bones is needed. Aims and Objectives: To determine the lengths of the femoral fragments and to compare with the total length of femur in <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population, which will help to estimate the stature of the individual using standard regression formulae. Material and Methods: A number of 150, 72 left and 78 right adult fully ossified dry processed femora were taken. The femur bone was divided into five segments by taking predetermined points. Length of five segments and maximum length of femur were measured to the nearest millimeter. The values were obtained in cm [mean±S.D.] and the mean total length of femora on left and right side was measured. The proportion of segments to the total length was also calculated which will help for the stature estimation using standard regression formulae. Results: The mean total length of femora on left side was 43.54 ± 2.7 and on right side it was 43.42 ± 2.4. The measurements of the segments-1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 were 8.06± 0.71, 8.25± 1.24, 10.35 ± 2.21, 13.94 ± 1.93 and 2.77 ± 0.53 on left side and 8.09 ± 0.70, 8.30 ± 1.34, 10.44 ± 1.91, 13.50 ± 1.54 and 3.09 ± 0.41 on right side of femur. Conclusion: The sample size was 150, 72 left and 78 right and ‘p’ value of all the segments was significant (‹0.001). When comparison was made between segments of right and left femora, the ‘p’ value of segment-5 was found to be ‹0.001. Comparison between different segments of femur showed significance in all the segments. PMID:24298451</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_4");'>4</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_5");'>5</a></li> <li class="active"><span>6</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_6 --> <div id="page_7" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_5");'>5</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");'>6</a></li> <li class="active"><span>7</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="121"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2754530','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2754530"><span id="translatedtitle">Population Structure of Humpback Whales from Their Breeding Grounds in the <span class="hlt">South</span> Atlantic and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Oceans</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Rosenbaum, Howard C.; Pomilla, Cristina; Mendez, Martin; Leslie, Matthew S.; Best, Peter B.; Findlay, Ken P.; Minton, Gianna; Ersts, Peter J.; Collins, Timothy; Engel, Marcia H.; Bonatto, Sandro L.; Kotze, Deon P. G. H.; Meÿer, Mike; Barendse, Jaco; Thornton, Meredith; Razafindrakoto, Yvette; Ngouessono, Solange; Vely, Michel; Kiszka, Jeremy</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>Although humpback whales are among the best-studied of the large whales, population boundaries in the Southern Hemisphere (SH) have remained largely untested. We assess population structure of SH humpback whales using 1,527 samples collected from whales at fourteen sampling sites within the Southwestern and Southeastern Atlantic, the Southwestern <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean, and Northern <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean (Breeding Stocks A, B, C and X, respectively). Evaluation of mtDNA population structure and migration rates was carried out under different statistical frameworks. Using all genetic evidence, the results suggest significant degrees of population structure between all ocean basins, with the Southwestern and Northern <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean most differentiated from each other. Effective migration rates were highest between the Southeastern Atlantic and the Southwestern <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean, followed by rates within the Southeastern Atlantic, and the lowest between the Southwestern and Northern <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. At finer scales, very low gene flow was detected between the two neighbouring sub-regions in the Southeastern Atlantic, compared to high gene flow for whales within the Southwestern <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. Our genetic results support the current management designations proposed by the International Whaling Commission of Breeding Stocks A, B, C, and X as four strongly structured populations. The population structure patterns found in this study are likely to have been influenced by a combination of long-term maternally directed fidelity of migratory destinations, along with other ecological and oceanographic features in the region. PMID:19812698</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25922310','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25922310"><span id="translatedtitle">MTNR1B gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to Type 2 Diabetes: A pilot study in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indians</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Salman, Mohammed; Dasgupta, Shruti; Cholendra, A; Venugopal, P N; Lakshmi, G L; Xaviour, D; Rao, Jayashankar; D'Souza, Cletus J M</p> <p>2015-07-25</p> <p>Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) is the major health concern in the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subcontinent. A genome-wide association study carried out with non-diabetic <span class="hlt">Indians</span> showed association of MTNR1B variants with fasting glucose. MTNR1B mediates the effect of melatonin on insulin secretion. In light of the growing importance of MTNR1B in the etiology of T2D, we sought to test its association with the disease in the <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> type 2 diabetics. Five single nucleotide polymorphisms of MTNR1B (rs10830962, rs10830963, rs3847554, rs1387153 and rs2166706) were genotyped in 346 T2D patients and 341 non-diabetic controls. None of the SNPs differed significantly between patients and controls with respect to allele and genotype frequencies. Linear regression analysis after adjustment for age, sex and BMI showed a significant positive association of rs3847554 with fasting glucose under recessive model (β=14.98, p=0.012). Haplotypes constituted by minor alleles of rs3847554, rs1387153, rs2166706, rs10830963 and major allele of rs10830962 showed significant positive correlation with fasting glucose (p<0.05). Though the results obtained are suggestive of MTNR1B role in T2D etiology, they need to be confirmed with much larger sample sizes. PMID:25922310</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3482776','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3482776"><span id="translatedtitle">Photogrammetric Analysis of Palpebral Fissure Dimensions and its Position in Malaysian <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ethnic Adults by Gender</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Packiriswamy, Vasanthakumar; Kumar, Pramod; Rao, K G Mohandas</p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>Background: Anthropometric data describing the palpebral fissure and its position is available for various populations. Unfortunately there is no data available for Malaysian <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span>. Aim: The present study was undertaken to determine the normative values for Malaysian <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> according to gender. Materials and Methods: Anthropometric measurement was done on standardized photographs taken from 300 MSI aged 18-26 years. The parameters were measured using computerized software. Results: Significant sexual difference was observed in all parameters except canthal index, which includes palpebral fissure width (male, 30.9 mm; female, 29.62 mm), palpebral fissure height (male, 11.06 mm; female, 11.48 mm), palpebral fissure inclination (male, 4.72°; female, 7.04°), outercanthal distance (male, 97.15 mm; female, 91.78 mm), interpupillary distance (male, 68.09 mm; female, 63.6 mm), intercanthal distance (male, 34.1 mm; female, 32.77 mm), and canthal index (male, 35.22 mm; female, 35.86±4.44 mm). Conclusions: Sexual dimorphism was found in all parameters. Comparison of our results with other studies revealed the variation and similarities in key parameters. Establishing normative values and understanding the facial morphology of different ethnic groups is important in designing the treatment planning for an aesthetic oculoplastic procedure. PMID:23112966</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23108994','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23108994"><span id="translatedtitle">Endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene polymorphisms and the risk of acute myocardial infarction in a <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Arun Kumar, Annan Sudarsan; Umamaheswaran, Gurusamy; Padmapriya, Ramamoorthy; Balachandar, Jayaraman; Adithan, Chandrasekaran</p> <p>2013-02-01</p> <p>Myocardial infarction (MI) is a complex multi-factorial, polygenic disorder which results from an interaction between a person's genetic makeup and various environmental factors. Nitric oxide (NO), a potent vasodilator produced by endothelial cells, plays an important role in the regulation of blood pressure, regional blood flow and also inhibits platelet aggregation, vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and leukocyte adhesion to vascular endothelium. Our aim was to analyze the association of NOS3 (endothelial nitric oxide synthase 3) 894G>T and -786T>C gene polymorphisms and MI risk in the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population. A total of 287 MI patients, 279 risk control patients and 321 healthy controls were recruited for the retrospective study. Genotyping was done using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). There was no significant association observed between NOS3 894G>T, -786T>C polymorphisms and MI. A significant difference was observed in the distribution of GT genotype of the NOS3 894G>T polymorphism between the cases and the risk controls (p = 0.05) but the odds ratio (0.6) did not show risk for MI. The present study showed lack of association between NOS3 gene polymorphisms and MI in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population. PMID:23108994</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3747718','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3747718"><span id="translatedtitle">Association Study in a <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Population Supports rs1015213 as a Risk Factor for Primary Angle Closure</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Duvesh, Roopam; Verma, Anshuman; Venkatesh, Rengaraj; Kavitha, Srinivasan; Ramulu, Pradeep Y.; Wojciechowski, Robert; Sundaresan, Periasamy</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Purpose. Three loci defined by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs11024102 in PLEKHA7, rs3753841 in COL11A1, and rs1015213 between the PCMTD1 and ST18 genes, recently have been associated with primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG). We explored the genetic association of these SNPs with subtypes of primary angle closure in a <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population. Methods. The study included three case definitions: primary angle closure/primary angle closure glaucoma (PAC/PACG, N = 180); primary angle closure suspect (PACS, N = 171), and a combined any-angle closure group. Controls consisted of 411 individuals from <span class="hlt">South</span> India. Genotyping for all three SNPs was performed using the TaqMan allelic discrimination assay. Genetic association was estimated using a χ2 test statistics and logistic regression. Results. Among the three studied SNPs, significant genetic association was identified for rs1015213 in the PAC/PACG (P = 0.002) and any-angle closure (P = 0.003) analyses. However, no significant genetic association was seen when in PACS subjects (P = 0.052). SNPs rs3753841 and rs11024102 showed no evidence of genetic association with angle-closure phenotypes (P > 0.05) in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> participants. Conclusions. In our study, rs1015213 (located in the intergenic region between PCMTD1 and ST18) was associated significantly with PAC/PACG, confirming prior reports of an association between this region and angle closure glaucoma. Further work with a larger sample size is necessary to confirm the importance of COL11A1 and PLEKHA7 in the pathogenesis of glaucoma. PMID:23847314</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=PIA03354&hterms=ocean+surface+topography&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D50%26Ntt%3Docean%2Bsurface%2Btopography','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=PIA03354&hterms=ocean+surface+topography&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D50%26Ntt%3Docean%2Bsurface%2Btopography"><span id="translatedtitle">Shaded Relief with Height as Color, Kerguelen Island, <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p></p> <p>2002-01-01</p> <p>These two images show exactly the same area, Kerguelen Island in the southern <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. The image on the left was created using the best global topographic data set previously available, the U.S. Geological Survey's GTOPO30. In contrast, the much more detailed image on the right was generated with data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, which collected enough measurements to map 80 percent of Earth's landmass at this level of precision.<p/>Discovered in 1772 by French navigator Chevalier Yves deKerguelen-Tremarac, Kerguelen is the largest of a group of 300 islands, islets and reefs that make up the Kerguelen Archipelago. The islands lie atop the Kerguelen-Gaussberg Ridge and are built up of a thick series of lava flows with deposits of fragmented volcanic rock and some granite. Ice covers about one-third of the island, with the large Cook Glacier visible as the tan-colored region at the center-left. The highest point at 1,850 meters (6,068 feet) is glacier-covered Mount Ross, located near the bottom center. The coastline of the main island is highly irregular with a large number of peninsulas linked to the island by narrow isthmuses. Remarkably, although the island is 120 by 140 kilometers (75 by 87 miles) in size no point is more than 20 kilometers (12 miles) from the sea.<p/>For some parts of the globe, Shuttle Radar Topography Mission measurements are 30 times more precise than previously available topographical information, according to NASA scientists. Mission data will be a welcome resource for national and local governments, scientists, commercial enterprises, and members of the public alike. The applications are as diverse as earthquake and volcano studies, flood control, transportation, urban and regional planning, aviation, recreation, and communications. The data's military applications include mission planning and rehearsal, modeling, and simulation.<p/>Elevation data used in this image was acquired by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission aboard Space Shuttle Endeavour, launched on Feb. 11,2000. The mission used the same radar instrument that comprised the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR)that flew twice on Endeavour in 1994. The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission was designed to collect 3-D measurements of Earth's surface. To collect the 3-D data, engineers added a 60-meter approximately 200-foot) mast, installed additional C-band and X-band antennas, and improved tracking and navigation devices. The mission is a cooperative project between NASA, the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) of the U.S. Department of Defense, and the German and Italian space agencies. It is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., for NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, Washington, D.C.<p/>Size: 222 kilometers by 146 kilometers (138 miles by 91 miles) Location: 49.1 degrees <span class="hlt">South</span> latitude, 69.5 degrees East longitude Orientation: North is at the top Date Acquired: February 2000 (SRTM)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004IJCli..24.1211B','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004IJCli..24.1211B"><span id="translatedtitle">Preliminary climatology and improved modelling of <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean and Southern Ocean mid-latitude cyclones</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Buckley, Bruce W.; Leslie, Lance M.</p> <p>2004-08-01</p> <p>The intense mid-latitude cyclones that traverse the southern waters of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean, between <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa and southwestern Western Australia, are among the strongest depressions found anywhere in the world, outside tropical waters. Near-surface winds that exceed storm force (i.e. 24 m/s or 48 knots), and central pressures of 960 hPa and lower, are relatively common for these systems. They pose a constant threat to both open ocean and coastal shipping, and regularly generate severe weather over the populated southwestern corner of Australia. Large ocean waves and swell produce extensive coastal inundation and erosion.There were two main aims in this study. The first aim was to develop a preliminary climatology of these intense mid-latitude cyclones, for the region 20-60 S, 30-130 E. The climatology, which is the first that we are aware of for this notoriously data-sparse region, is based largely upon satellite observations, particularly scatterometer data, and is supplemented by ship, buoy and all available land observations. The climatology revealed that, historically, the frequency and intensity of the mid-latitude cyclones in this domain have been significantly underestimated. This underestimation has resulted in analyses that have serious flaws, and the resultant operational forecasts provided to the duty forecasters in the regional forecast centre located in Perth, Western Australia, are of highly variable quality. A number of other climatological features of these storms are discussed in this article.The second aim was to identify the factors that can contribute to a significant improvement in model forecasts of these storms. So far, there have been very few studies of explosively developing cyclones over this part of the world. Results are presented here from a series of high-resolution numerical simulations of an intense cool season Southern Ocean cyclone that developed in 2003, using the HIRES numerical weather prediction model developed by L.M. Leslie. Here, we examine the sensitivity of the cyclone predictions to both model resolution and the initial analyses. The predicted variables of most interest are the central pressure, maximum sustained near-surface wind speeds, extent of storm-force winds, and the horizontal and vertical structure of the storm. Increased detail in the initial state is provided mainly by the assimilation into the archived global operational analyses of high-resolution satellite-derived data, including QuikSCAT scatterometer winds and sea-surface temperatures. The combination of increased horizontal and vertical model resolution, and improved initial model states, was found to produce numerical forecasts with significantly more accurate wind speeds than those obtained from the coarser resolution operational models, which also did not have the benefits of all the additional data. Finally, areas of future research are outlined, including coupling the HIRES atmospheric model with ocean and wave models, to improve forecasts of the sea state, including wind wave heights, swell and storm surges.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4097978','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4097978"><span id="translatedtitle">Genotype, allele and haplotype frequencies of four TCL1A gene polymorphisms associated with musculoskeletal toxicity in the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> descent</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Umamaheswaran, Gurusamy; Dkhar, Steven Aibor; Kumar, Annan Sudarsan Arun; Srinivasa, Rao Katiboina; Kadambari, Dharanipragada; Adithan, Chandrasekaran</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Introduction: Decline in circulating estrogen levels causes lessening of bone mass accompanied with musculoskeletal pain, which is the primary cause of treatment discontinuation in patients taking aromatase inhibitors. Evidence from recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) suggests that the genetic variability underlying TCL1A gene increases the risk of aromatase inhibitors (AIs) - induced musculoskeletal toxicity. Currently, no data is available on the frequency distribution of TCL1A gene polymorphisms in <span class="hlt">Indians</span>. Methods: In this pilot study, we used TaqMan fluorescent probes to assess the genotypes of four TCL1A gene polymorphisms associated with musculoskeletal toxicity in 247 healthy homogenous <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subjects on real time thermocycler. Haplotype estimation and pairwise linkage disequilibrium (LD) analysis were executed by Haploview. Results: The incidence of polymorphic variant allele (G) frequencies of rs7158782, rs7159713, rs2369049 and rs11849538 were 22.1%, 23.5%, 18.2% and 22.9% in the study population, respectively. The polymorphisms were found to be in complete LD with each other. Four different haplotypes, each of which having a frequency of above 1% were inferred in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indians</span> using an expectation-maximization algorithm. Notably, three haplotypes were found to be population specific viz H4 A-A-A-G (1.2%) for <span class="hlt">South</span> India, H5 G-G-A-C (1.3%) for JPT and H6 G-G-G-C (40.4%) for YRI. Further, H3 G-G-A-G (2.3-16.3%) haplotype occurs primarily in Asians and is virtually absent in Africans. Overall, the genetic variability and haplotype profile of <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population revealed significant inter-racial variability compared with HapMap data. Conclusion: This documentation contributes for further investigations on the pharmacogenetics of AIs in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indians</span>. PMID:25035853</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24449370','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24449370"><span id="translatedtitle">Adaptive developmental plasticity in methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism limits its frequency in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indians</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Naushad, Shaik Mohammad; Krishnaprasad, Chintakindi; Devi, Akella Radha Rama</p> <p>2014-05-01</p> <p>Methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism shows considerable heterogeneity in its distribution in humans worldwide. The current study was conducted to investigate whether this polymorphism exhibited adaptive developmental plasticity in the control of the TT-genotype frequency. We screened 1,818 <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subjects (895 males and 923 females) for MTHFR C677T polymorphism using PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism approach. MTHFR 677T-allele frequency in males and females was 9.1 and 11.0%, respectively. Compared to females, males had lower frequency of TT-genotype [odds ratio 0.31, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.08-1.01]. The frequency of MTHFR 677T-allele was highest in the age group of 20-40 years and it gradually decreased from 40-60 to 60-80 years (P trend<0.0001). MTHFR 677TT-genotype was associated with 7.02-folds (95% CI: 2.12-25.63, P<0.0001) cumulative risk for recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), neural tube defects (NTDs) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Linear regression model suggested that male gender exhibited increased homocysteine levels by 9.35 ?mol/L while each MTHFR 677T-allele contributed to 4.63 ?mol/L increase in homocysteine. Plasma homocysteine showed inverse correlation with dietary folate (r=-0.17, P<0.0001), B2 (r=-0.14, P<0.0001) and B6 (r=-0.07, P=0.03). Examination of the spontaneously aborted fetuses (n=35) showed no significant association of fetal genotype on its in utero viability. From the current study, it was concluded that C677T seemed to have acquired adaptive developmental plasticity among <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indians</span> due to environmental influences thus contributing to hyperhomocysteinemia and its associated complications such as RPL, NTDs, DVT, etc. PMID:24449370</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1059956','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1059956"><span id="translatedtitle">Hypertension and determinants of blood pressure with special reference to socioeconomic status in a rural <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> community.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Gilberts, E C; Arnold, M J; Grobbee, D E</p> <p>1994-01-01</p> <p>OBJECTIVES--The objective of the study was to establish the prevalence of hypertension and to assess determinants of blood pressure with special reference to socioeconomic status in a rural <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> community. DESIGN--This was a door to door, cross sectional survey. SETTING--A rural <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> community, KV Kuppam panchayat, North Arcot District, Tamil Nadu. SUBJECTS--The area has a total population of 3500 people. Those aged over 20 years who were available at the time of measurement were asked to participate (mean age 39.5 years). This convenience sample totalled 1027 (456 men, 571 women). Out of 697 families, 487 were visited; 15 people refused to participate. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS--The following potential determinants of blood pressure were assessed: age, body weight, pulse rate, salt intake, meat intake, and socioeconomic class. The prevalence of hypertension was 12.5%. Using multiple linear regression analysis, the most important positive determinants of high blood pressure seemed to be age, body weight, and pulse rate. Salt and meat intake were not significantly associated with hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension in the highest socioeconomic group (22.5%) was more than twice that in the lowest socioeconomic group (8.8%). When adjusted for body weight, the mean (SEM) difference in systolic blood pressure between the highest and lowest socioeconomic classes was 5.83 mmHg (1.63). CONCLUSION--Hypertension is not yet as important a health problem in rural southern India as it is in westernised societies. Those particularly at risk of hypertension, however, are the elderly and overweight people of high socioeconomic class. PMID:8051524</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20040013512&hterms=air+pollution&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3Dair%2Bpollution','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20040013512&hterms=air+pollution&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3Dair%2Bpollution"><span id="translatedtitle">Convective Lofting Links <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean Air Pollution to Paradoxical <span class="hlt">South</span> Atlantic Ozone Maxima</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Chatfield, Robert B.; Guan, Hong; Thompson, Anne M.; Witte, Jacquelyn C.</p> <p>2003-01-01</p> <p>We describe a broad resolution of the "Atlantic Paradox" concerning the seasonal and geographic distribution of tropical tropospheric ozone. We describe periods of significant maximum tropospheric O3 for Jan.-April, 1999, exploiting satellite estimates and SHADOZ (Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes). Trajectory analyses connecting sondes and Total Tropospheric Ozone (TTO)O3 maps suggest a complex influence from the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean: beginning with mixed combustion sources, then low level transport, cumulonimbus venting, and finally high-level transport to the west, with possible mixing over Africa. For the Jan.- March highest column-O3 periods in the Atlantic, distinct sounding peaks trace to specific NO sources, especially lightning, while in the same episodes, recurring every 30 or 60 days, more diffuse buildups of <span class="hlt">Indian</span>-to-Atlantic pollution make important contributions.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20060009189&hterms=air+pollution&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Dair%2Bpollution','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20060009189&hterms=air+pollution&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Dair%2Bpollution"><span id="translatedtitle">Convective lofting links <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean air pollution to paradoxical <span class="hlt">South</span> Atlantic ozone maxima</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Chatfield, R. B.; Guan, H.; Thompson, A. M.; Witte, J. C.</p> <p>2005-01-01</p> <p>We describe a broad resolution of the Atlantic Parado concerning the seasonal and geographic distribution, of tropical tropospheric ozone. We highlight periods of significant maximum tropospheric O3 for Jan.- April, 1999, exploiting satellite estimates and SHADOZ (Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes). Trajectory analyses connecting sondes and Total Tropospheric Ozone (TTO) maps suggest a complex influence from the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean: beginning with mixed combustion sources, then low level transport, cumulonimbus venting, possible stratospheric input, and finally high-level transport to the west, with possible mixing over Africa. For the Jan.-March highest column-O3 periods in the Atlantic, distinct sounding peaks trace to specific NO sources, especially lightning, while in the same episodes, recurring every 20-50 days, more diffuse buildups of <span class="hlt">Indian</span>-to-Atlantic pollution make important contributions.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2782559','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2782559"><span id="translatedtitle">Gender norms in <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa: Implications for HIV and pregnancy prevention among African and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> women students at a <span class="hlt">South</span> African tertiary institution</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Mantell, Joanne E.; Needham, Sarah L.; Smit, Jennifer Ann; Hoffman, Susie; Cebekhulu, Queen; Adams-Skinner, Jessica; Exner, Theresa M.; Mabude, Zonke; Beksinska, Mags; Stein, Zena A.; Milford, Cecilia</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>In post-Apartheid <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa, women are constitutionally guaranteed protections and freedoms that were previously unknown to them. These freedoms may have positive implications for women’s ability to negotiate sexual protection with partners and hence prevent unintended pregnancy and decrease their risk of HIV. Among tertiary institution students who are a relatively ‘privileged’ group, there is little information on gender norms that might shape responses to HIV prevention programmes. To elicit gender norms regarding women’s and men’s roles, condom and contraceptive use, sexual communication, and sexual pleasure, we conducted 10 semi-structured focus group discussions with African and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> female tertiary institution students so as to understand how norms might be used to buttress HIV and pregnancy prevention. Participants reported dramatic changes in the structure of gender norms and relations with the formal recognition of women’s rights in the post-Apartheid context. These generational shifts in norms are supported by other research in <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa. At the same time, women recognized the co-existence of traditional constructions of gender that operate to constrain women’s freedom. The perceived changes that have taken place provide an entry point for intervention, particularly for reinforcing emerging gender norms that promote women’s protection against unintended pregnancy and HIV/STIs. PMID:19247859</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15642627','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15642627"><span id="translatedtitle">Immunohistochemical localization of CYP1A, vitellogenin and Zona radiata proteins in the liver of swordfish (Xiphias gladius L.) taken from the Mediterranean Sea, <span class="hlt">South</span> Atlantic, <span class="hlt">South</span> Western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and Central North Pacific Oceans.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Desantis, S; Corriero, A; Cirillo, F; Deflorio, M; Brill, R; Griffiths, M; Lopata, A L; de la Serna, J M; Bridges, C R; Kime, D E; De Metrio, G</p> <p>2005-01-18</p> <p>Cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) monoxygenase, vitellogenin (Vtg) and Zona radiata proteins (Zrp) are frequently used as biomarkers of fish exposure to organic contaminants. In this work, swordfish liver sections obtained from the Mediterranean Sea, the <span class="hlt">South</span> African coasts (<span class="hlt">South</span> Atlantic and <span class="hlt">South</span> Western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Oceans) and the Central North Pacific Ocean were immunostained with antisera against CYP1A, Zrp, and Vtg. CYP1A induction was found in hepatocytes, epithelium of the biliary ductus and the endothelium of large blood vessels of fish from the Mediterranean Sea and <span class="hlt">South</span> African waters, but not from the Pacific Ocean. Zrp and Vtg were immunolocalized in hepatocytes of male swordfish from the Mediterranean Sea and from <span class="hlt">South</span> African waters. Plasma Dot-Blot analysis, performed in Mediterranean and Pacific specimens, revealed the presence of Zrp and Vtg in males from Mediterranean but not from Pacific. These results confirm previous findings about the potential exposure of Mediterranean swordfish to endocrine, disrupting chemicals and raise questions concerning the possible presence of xenobiotic contaminants off the Southern coasts of <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa in both the <span class="hlt">South</span> Atlantic and <span class="hlt">South</span> Western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Oceans. PMID:15642627</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1347984','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1347984"><span id="translatedtitle">A prehistory of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Y chromosomes: Evaluating demic diffusion scenarios</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Sahoo, Sanghamitra; Singh, Anamika; Himabindu, G.; Banerjee, Jheelam; Sitalaximi, T.; Gaikwad, Sonali; Trivedi, R.; Endicott, Phillip; Kivisild, Toomas; Metspalu, Mait; Villems, Richard; Kashyap, V. K.</p> <p>2006-01-01</p> <p>Understanding the genetic origins and demographic history of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> populations is important both for questions concerning the early settlement of Eurasia and more recent events, including the appearance of Indo-Aryan languages and settled agriculture in the subcontinent. Although there is general agreement that <span class="hlt">Indian</span> <span class="hlt">caste</span> and tribal populations share a common late Pleistocene maternal ancestry in India, some studies of the Y-chromosome markers have suggested a recent, substantial incursion from Central or West Eurasia. To investigate the origin of paternal lineages of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> populations, 936 Y chromosomes, representing 32 tribal and 45 <span class="hlt">caste</span> groups from all four major linguistic groups of India, were analyzed for 38 single-nucleotide polymorphic markers. Phylogeography of the major Y-chromosomal haplogroups in India, genetic distance, and admixture analyses all indicate that the recent external contribution to Dravidian- and Hindi-speaking <span class="hlt">caste</span> groups has been low. The sharing of some Y-chromosomal haplogroups between <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and Central Asian populations is most parsimoniously explained by a deep, common ancestry between the two regions, with diffusion of some <span class="hlt">Indian</span>-specific lineages northward. The Y-chromosomal data consistently suggest a largely <span class="hlt">South</span> Asian origin for <span class="hlt">Indian</span> <span class="hlt">caste</span> communities and therefore argue against any major influx, from regions north and west of India, of people associated either with the development of agriculture or the spread of the Indo-Aryan language family. The dyadic Y-chromosome composition of Tibeto-Burman speakers of India, however, can be attributed to a recent demographic process, which appears to have absorbed and overlain populations who previously spoke Austro-Asiatic languages. PMID:16415161</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26511767','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26511767"><span id="translatedtitle">Extraordinary capture of a Randall's snapper Randallichthys filamentosus in the temperate <span class="hlt">south</span>-eastern <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean and its molecular phylogenetic relationship within the Etelinae.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Wakefield, C B; Moore, G I; Bertram, A E; Snow, M; Newman, S J</p> <p>2016-02-01</p> <p>The capture of a rarely encountered Randall's snapper Randallichthys filamentosus (female, 587 mm fork length) from the upper continental slope (c. 350 m) off the <span class="hlt">south</span> coast of Western Australia (c. 34·5° S; 122·5° E) in January 2014 represents its first record from the temperate <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean and a southern range extension. This record suggests that spawning of this predominantly tropical species may probably be occurring in the eastern <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean, considering the extensive, and unlikely, distance the progeny would have otherwise travelled from its typical distribution in the western and central Pacific Ocean. PMID:26511767</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=music+AND+applications&id=EJ1009361','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=music+AND+applications&id=EJ1009361"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> "Solkattu" and Western Music Pedagogy: Creating New Rhythmic Perspectives</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Wood, Brandon Keith</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Part of the classical music tradition of <span class="hlt">South</span> India, "solkattu" reinforces the statement "If you can say it, you can play it." This system of percussive syllables can help young musicians approach rhythm training in a way not usually available to students in Western countries. This article offers applications for a music curriculum. The approach…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=can&pg=4&id=EJ1009361','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=can&pg=4&id=EJ1009361"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> "Solkattu" and Western Music Pedagogy: Creating New Rhythmic Perspectives</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Wood, Brandon Keith</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Part of the classical music tradition of <span class="hlt">South</span> India, "solkattu" reinforces the statement "If you can say it, you can play it." This system of percussive syllables can help young musicians approach rhythm training in a way not usually available to students in Western countries. This article offers applications for a music curriculum. The approach</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005AGUFMED21A1224C','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005AGUFMED21A1224C"><span id="translatedtitle">Rural Sprawl and the Impact of Human Land Use on the Pine Ridge <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation, <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Campbell, R.; Bennett, T.</p> <p>2005-12-01</p> <p>The most important impact on global land cover is human use and development. With the recent population growth occurring on the reservations in <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota, specifically Pine Ridge <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation, the towns and communities of the reservation are undergoing change. Although urban sprawl certainly is not a consideration on the reservations, the population explosion currently underway has seen a subsequent increase in rural sprawl. In this case, rural sprawl is defined as exponential population growth and geographic expansion of remote reservation communities. The capacity of satellite imagery to encompass large land tracts make the use of this technology a cost effective way to visualize and investigate population growth in rural communities. Likewise, integrating remotely sensed data into a Geographic Information Systems (GIS) can be a powerful tool to identify environmental and other land use issues that impact the people and communities in and around the Pine Ridge area. The objective of this research is to (1) observe and calculate land cover change around three communities on the Pine Ridge <span class="hlt">Indian</span> reservation using remotely sensed data (Landsat MSS, TM and ETM+) and Geographic Information Systems over a 20 year span, and (2) to discuss the potential impacts of rural sprawl on the Pine Ridge Reservation, SD. Preliminary results indicate that land cover has changed in relationship to increased population growth within three communities on the reservation. New housing developments, roads and buildings have appeared and these changes were detectable using Landsat imagery. These results will be discussed along with the experiences and education through the NASA Goddard Internship sponsored by the North Dakota Association of Tribal Colleges.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4743383','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4743383"><span id="translatedtitle">Dietary fat intake and its association with risk of selected components of the metabolic syndrome among rural <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indians</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Narasimhan, Sowmya; Nagarajan, Lakshmipriya; Vaidya, Ruchi; Gunasekaran, Geetha; Rajagopal, Gayathri; Parthasarathy, Vijayalakshmi; Unnikrishnan, Ranjit; Anjana, Ranjit Mohan; Mohan, Viswanathan; Sudha, Vasudevan</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>Context: There is limited literature on the dietary fat intake of rural <span class="hlt">Indian</span> populations, particularly in relation to the risk of metabolic syndrome (MS). Aim: This study aims to assess the dietary fat intake and analyze its association with the risk of selected components of the MS among rural population in the state of Tamil Nadu. Settings and Design: Adults (n = 27012) ≥20 years of age were recruited from the rural component of the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiological Study, a cross-sectional study conducted in 42 villages in Kanchipuram District of Tamil Nadu. Subjects and Methods: Using a validated food frequency questionnaire, data were obtained on the fat intake among 6907 adults. Anthropometric and clinical measures were collected using standard methods. The components of the MS assessed were abdominal obesity, hypertension, and impaired fasting glucose. All analyses were performed using SPSS software (version 20). Results: Prevalence of abdominal obesity, hypertension, and impaired fasting glucose were significantly higher in the highest quintile of fat intake (33%, P < 0.001; 39%, P = 0.04, and 23.3%, P = 0.003, respectively). Highest intake of fat was also significantly associated with risk of abdominal obesity (P < 0.001), hypertension (P = 0.04), and impaired fasting glucose (P = 0.01). Sunflower oil as the main cooking oil was significantly associated with a higher risk of these components of the MS (P for trend <0.001) compared to traditional oils and palmolein. Conclusions: Higher dietary fat was significantly associated with risk of components of the MS and use of sunflower oil as main cooking oil increased metabolic risk in rural <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indians</span>. PMID:26904468</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_5");'>5</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");'>6</a></li> <li class="active"><span>7</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_7 --> <div id="page_8" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");'>6</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li class="active"><span>8</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="141"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23819872','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23819872"><span id="translatedtitle">Diet patterns are associated with demographic factors and nutritional status in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> children.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Kehoe, Sarah H; Krishnaveni, Ghattu V; Veena, Sargoor R; Guntupalli, Aravinda M; Margetts, Barrie M; Fall, Caroline H D; Robinson, Sian M</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>The burden of non-communicable chronic disease (NCD) in India is increasing. Diet and body composition 'track' from childhood into adult life and contribute to the development of risk factors for NCD. Little is known about the diet patterns of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> children. We aimed to identify diet patterns and study associations with body composition and socio-demographic factors in the Mysore Parthenon Study cohort. We collected anthropometric and demographic data from children aged 9.5 years (n = 538). We also administered a food frequency questionnaire and measured fasting blood concentrations of folate and vitamin B12. Using principal component analysis, we identified two diet patterns. The 'snack and fruit' pattern was characterised by frequent intakes of snacks, fruit, sweetened drinks, rice and meat dishes and leavened breads. The 'lacto-vegetarian' pattern was characterised by frequent intakes of finger millet, vegetarian rice dishes, yoghurt, vegetable dishes and infrequent meat consumption. Adherence to the 'snack and fruit' pattern was associated with season, being Muslim and urban dwelling. Adherence to the lacto-vegetarian pattern was associated with being Hindu, rural dwelling and a lower maternal body mass index. The 'snack and fruit' pattern was negatively associated with the child's adiposity. The lacto-vegetarian pattern was positively associated with blood folate concentration and negatively with vitamin B12 concentration. This study provides new information on correlates of diet patterns in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> children and how diet relates to nutritional status. Follow-up of these children will be important to determine the role of these differences in diet in the development of risk factors for NCD including body composition. PMID:23819872</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3920637','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3920637"><span id="translatedtitle">Diet patterns are associated with demographic factors and nutritional status in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> children</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Kehoe, Sarah H; Krishnaveni, Ghattu V; Veena, Sargoor R; Guntupalli, Aravinda M; Margetts, Barrie M; Fall, Caroline HD; Robinson, Sian M</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>The burden of non-communicable chronic disease (NCD) in India is increasing. Diet and body composition ‘track’ from childhood into adult life and contribute to the development of risk factors for NCD. Little is known about the diet patterns of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> children. We aimed to identify diet patterns and study associations with body composition and socio-demographic factors in the Mysore Parthenon Study cohort. We collected anthropometric and demographic data from children aged 9.5 years (n = 538). We also administered a food frequency questionnaire and measured fasting blood concentrations of folate and vitamin B12. Using principal component analysis, we identified two diet patterns. The ‘snack and fruit’ pattern was characterised by frequent intakes of snacks, fruit, sweetened drinks, rice and meat dishes and leavened breads. The ‘lacto-vegetarian’ pattern was characterised by frequent intakes of finger millet, vegetarian rice dishes, yoghurt, vegetable dishes and infrequent meat consumption. Adherence to the ‘snack and fruit’ pattern was associated with season, being Muslim and urban dwelling. Adherence to the lacto-vegetarian pattern was associated with being Hindu, rural dwelling and a lower maternal body mass index. The ‘snack and fruit’ pattern was negatively associated with the child's adiposity. The lacto-vegetarian pattern was positively associated with blood folate concentration and negatively with vitamin B12 concentration. This study provides new information on correlates of diet patterns in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> children and how diet relates to nutritional status. Follow-up of these children will be important to determine the role of these differences in diet in the development of risk factors for NCD including body composition. PMID:23819872</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4625274','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4625274"><span id="translatedtitle">Early Menopause in Type 2 Diabetes A Study from a <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Tertiary Care Centre</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Sekhar, T.V.D. Sasi; Rahman, Arifa; Adapa, Satya Sahi</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Introduction Menopause marks the end of ovarian function and it is called early or premature if it occurs before 45 years. Very little is known about the menopause transition in Diabetic women. Metabolic disorders like diabetes will accelerate the reproductive ageing and determine premature ovarian failure by various mechanisms. Early menopause along with diabetes has a synergistic effect over the incidence of cardiovascular diseases and other illnesses. There is no data regarding menopausal age in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population. Hence, present study was aimed at understanding the age of menopause in diabetic <span class="hlt">Indian</span> women. Materials and Methods This study was carried out at a tertiary care, teaching hospital in Southern India. Post-menopausal women who attended the Department of Medicine during August 2013 to August 2014, were included in the study. Six hundred patients were recruited by a systematic random sampling, 300 diabetic and 300 non-diabetic after obtaining their consents. They were all non-smokers, took mixed diet and other somatometric variables were similar in both the groups. Results Average age of menopause among diabetic women was 44.65 years which is much earlier than the menopause in non-diabetic women (48.2 years). Out of the 600 women, 212 women had an early menopause (<45 yrs.). Among them, 54 were non-diabetic and 158 were diabetic. Present study also revealed a higher BMI among the diabetics than the non-diabetic women. This may be due to the changes in body composition and increase in abdominal fat after menopause. This change is more in diabetics due to the disturbances in insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism. Conclusion The present study confirms that Type 2 Diabetes increases the risk of early menopause. The study reinforces the importance of early diagnosis and treatment of diabetes for a long term well being of a woman. PMID:26557555</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4740668','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4740668"><span id="translatedtitle">Celiac Axis, Common Hepatic and Hepatic Artery Variants as Evidenced on MDCT Angiography in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Population</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Parthasarathy, Ramesh</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>Introduction With the increase in the hepatobiliary, pancreatic surgeries and liver transplantation, being aware of the anatomic variations of the celiac axis and the hepatic arteries is of paramount importance. Aim To illustrate the normal anatomy and variants of the celiac axis and the hepatic arteries with multidetector computed tomographic (MDCT) angiography in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population and determine the potential variations in the celiac axis anatomy and the hepatic arteries, thus assisting the hepatobiliary surgeon and the interventional radiologist in avoiding iatrogenic injury to the arteries. Materials and Methods Two hundred patients undergoing abdominal CT angiography from July 2014 till July 2015 were retrospectively studied for hepatic arterial and celiac axis anatomical variation. The anatomic variations in our study were correlated with other studies. Results The celiac axis (CA) and the hepatic artery (HA) variations were analysed as per criteria laid by Song et al., and Michel. Out of 15 possible CA variations, 5 types of celiac artery variations were seen in 14 patients. A normal CA was seen in 179(89.5%) patients of the 200 patients. In the remaining 7 patients, the CA anatomy was classified as ambiguous since there was separate origin of the right and left hepatic arteries from the CA with absent common hepatic artery (CHA). The CHA originated normally from the celiac axis in 94% of the cases. Variation of CHA origin was seen in 5 patients. Normal HA anatomy was seen in 114 (57%) patients. Variation in HA anatomy was seen in 86 (43%) patients. Origin of the right hepatic artery (RHA) from the hepatic artery proper was seen in 182 (91%) patients and replaced origin of RHA from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) was seen in 18 (9%) of the cases. Accessory RHA was seen in 7(3.5%) patients. The left hepatic artery (LHA) originated from the hepatic artery proper in 186 (93%) patients and replaced origin of LHA from the left gastric artery (LGA) was found in 14 (7%) patients. Accessory left hepatic artery was found in 22(11%) cases. Double hepatic artery seen in 7(3.5%) patients. CHA replaced to LGA was seen in 1 patient (0.5%). CHA trifurcation was seen in 11 (5.5%) patients. CHA was replaced to SMA in 4 (2%) cases. Conclusion Our study identified the normal anatomy and variations in celiac axis and hepatic arterial anatomy in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population, which correlated well with studies in other populations. PMID:26894140</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26555625','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26555625"><span id="translatedtitle">The Natural History and Conservation of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean Humpback Dolphins (Sousa plumbea) in <span class="hlt">South</span> African Waters.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Plön, Stephanie; Cockcroft, Victor G; Froneman, William P</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Although most knowledge on the biology of Sousa plumbea has primarily come from <span class="hlt">South</span> African waters, a number of research gaps remain on the natural history and status of the species in the region. Research on two populations in <span class="hlt">South</span> African waters for which some historical data exist may aid in highlighting long-term changes in the biology and natural history of this little known coastal delphinid. Recent studies on the age, growth and reproduction of animals incidentally caught in shark nets in Richards Bay, KwaZulu-Natal, yielded a lower maximum age estimate of 24 (previously 46) growth-layer-groups (GLGs), sexual maturity of 7.5 and 8 GLGs in males and females (previously 12-13 and 10 GLGs, respectively), an ovulation rate of 0.2 and a 5-year calving interval (previously 0.3 and 3-year calving interval) than previously reported. These differences may be due to a difference in the interpretation of GLGs between observers or a predominance of young males being caught in the shark nets. Stomach content analysis revealed a change in the relative proportions of the main prey items over the past 25 years, but no difference in species richness or diversity was found between the sexes. No change in trophic level was recorded between 1972 and 2009. Field studies in Algoa Bay, Eastern Cape, conducted 16 years apart indicated a decline in the mean group size (from 7 to 3 animals), a decline in the maximum group size (from 24 to 13 animals), an increase in solitary individuals (15.4-36%), and a change in behaviour from predominantly foraging (64-18%) to mainly travelling (24-49%). The observed changes are suggestive of a change in food availability, resulting in a range shift or a potential decline in numbers. These studies indicate the importance of long-term studies to monitor population changes and their possible causes. A number of threats, such as shark nets, pollution (noise and chemical), and coastal development and disturbance, to the humpback dolphin populations in <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa have been identified. Urgent action is required to ensure continued existence of the species in <span class="hlt">South</span> African waters. PMID:26555625</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26304923','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26304923"><span id="translatedtitle">Successful Treatment of Chromobacterium violaceum Sepsis in a <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Adult.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Madi, Deepak R; Vidyalakshmi, K; Ramapuram, John; Shetty, Avinash K</p> <p>2015-11-01</p> <p>Infection due to Chromobacterium violaceum is rare. Diagnosis may be delayed since Chromobacterium sepsis may mimic melioidosis, especially in melioidosis-endemic areas. Management of Chromobacterium infection is challenging given the propensity of this pathogen to cause visceral abscesses, drug resistance, and relapse. Mortality rates are high despite treatment. We report a case of C. violaceum septicemia in an immunocompetent adult from <span class="hlt">south</span> India, who was successfully treated with combination antibiotic therapy. Physicians in tropical and subtropical regions must be aware of C. violaceum infection as it can mimic melioidosis. PMID:26304923</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25091682','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25091682"><span id="translatedtitle">Association of serum antibodies with protection against rotavirus infection and disease in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> children.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Premkumar, Prasanna; Lopman, Ben; Ramani, Sasirekha; Paul, Anu; Gladstone, Beryl; Muliyil, Jayaprakash; Mukhopadhya, Indrani; Parashar, Umesh; Kang, Gagandeep</p> <p>2014-08-11</p> <p>Serum antibodies play an important role in natural protection from rotavirus infection and disease, but conflicting estimates of association have emerged from epidemiological studies in different geographical settings. In this study, we aim to assess the relationship between pre-existing serum immunoglobulin (Ig)G and IgA titers with protection against rotavirus infection and disease in a birth cohort of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> children. Children were recruited at birth and followed up for 36 months. Stool samples were collected every 2 weeks and during episodes of diarrhea and serum samples were obtained at least every 6 months. The incidence rate of rotavirus infection and diarrhea was 0.9 (95% CI: 0.88, 0.99) and 0.2 (95% CI: 0.19, 0.25) episodes per child year, respectively. The risk of rotavirus infection and diarrhea decreased with age, while antibody titers (IgG and IgA) increased with age. After adjusting for age and number of previous infections, higher levels of IgG and IgA were independently associated with reduced risk of rotavirus infection. However, we did not find a clear association of IgG or IgA with rotavirus diarrhea risk or a threshold level of protection. The study supports a correlation of serum antibodies in reducing the risk of rotavirus infections, however the potential of serum antibody titer as a correlate of protection is not clear for children in lower income settings. PMID:25091682</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23962387','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23962387"><span id="translatedtitle">Evidence for genetic linkage between a polymorphism in the GNAS gene and malaria in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Gupta, Himanshu; Sakharwade, Sanica C; Angural, Arshia; Kotambail, Ananthapadmanabha; Bhat, Gopal K; Hande, Manjunath H; D'Souza, Sydney C; Rao, Purnima; Kumari, Veena; Saadi, Abdul V; Satyamoorthy, Kapaettu</p> <p>2013-12-01</p> <p>The complex imprinted GNAS locus which encodes G-alpha subunit (Gαs) is involved in a number of G-protein coupled signaling pathways in eukaryotic cells. Erythrocyte invasion by Plasmodium falciparum parasites is significantly regulated by protein of GNAS gene. This study was designed to evaluate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) present in GNAS locus and susceptibility to malaria. In this case control study, individuals affected by P. falciparum malaria (n=230), Plasmodium vivax malaria (n=230) and normal controls (n=230) were tested for the association of eighteen (18) known SNPs to evaluate their role in the onset of the disease. There was no significant difference in genotype frequencies of all the SNPs tested between P. falciparum and P. vivax affected individuals. However, when Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons were performed as a control, our results demonstrated alleles and genotypes of rs7121: C>T (NC_000020.10:g.57478807C>T), a silent polymorphism situated in the exon 5, were significantly (p<0.05) associated with susceptibility to malaria in the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indians</span> participants. Our results demonstrate that population specific polymorphisms that exist in GNAS gene may alter the risk of occurrence of malaria. PMID:23962387</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24854008','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24854008"><span id="translatedtitle">Fulvimarina manganoxydans sp. nov., isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal plume in the <span class="hlt">south</span>-west <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Ren, Fei; Zhang, Limin; Song, Lei; Xu, Shiyao; Xi, Lijun; Huang, Li; Huang, Ying; Dai, Xin</p> <p>2014-08-01</p> <p>An aerobic, Mn(II)-oxidizing, Gram-negative bacterium, strain 8047(T), was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent plume in the <span class="hlt">south</span>-west <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. The strain was rod-shaped and motile with a terminal flagellum, and formed yellowish colonies. It produced catalase and oxidase, hydrolysed gelatin and reduced nitrate. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain 8047(T) belonged to the order Rhizobiales of the class Alphaproteobacteria, and was phylogenetically most closely related to the genus Fulvimarina, sharing 94.4% sequence identity with the type strain of the type species. The taxonomic affiliation of strain 8047(T) was supported by phylogenetic analysis of four additional housekeeping genes, gyrB, recA, rpoC and rpoB. The predominant respiratory lipoquinone of strain 8047(T) was Q-10, the major fatty acid was C(18 : 1)ω7c and the DNA G+C content was 61.7 mol%. On the basis of the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics determined in this study, strain 8047(T) represents a novel species within the genus Fulvimarina, for which the name Fulvimarina manganoxydans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is strain 8047(T) ( = CGMCC1.10972(T) = JCM 18890(T)). PMID:24854008</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26669013','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26669013"><span id="translatedtitle">Association of estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) haplotypes with risk for systemic lupus erythematosus among <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indians</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Rupasree, Yedluri; Naushad, Shaik Mohammad; Rajasekhar, Liza; Uma, Addepally; Kutala, Vijay Kumar</p> <p>2015-11-01</p> <p>Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disorder involving genetic, epigenetic and environmental factors and has higher incidence in women. In this study, we explored the association of estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) rs2234693 (PvuII) and rs9340799 (XbaI) polymorphisms with susceptibility to SLE. PCR-RFLP and ELISA were used for genetic analysis and determination of specific autoantibodies, respectively. The univariate analysis showed no independent association of rs2234693 (OR: 1.14, 95% CI: 0.87 - 1.49, p = 0.36) and rs9340799 (OR: 0.87, 95% CI: 0.66-1.14, p = 0.34). The haplotype analysis using SHEsis platform revealed strong linkage disequilibrium between these two polymorphisms (D': 0.81, r2: 0.55). Among the four haplotype groups, the C-A haplotype (rs2234693-rs9340799) was strongly associated with the risk for SLE (OR: 2.10, 95% CI: 1.32 - 3.34, p = 0.001). The homozygous variant genotype of rs2234693 exhibited elevated TNF-α and depleted IFN-α, while the effects of rs9340799 were contradictory. The wild genotype of rs2234693 exhibited lower levels of IL-12 with number of rs9340799 variant alleles pronouncing this effect. From this study, it is concluded that the ESR1 haplotypes may influence the Th2 cytokine profile and susceptibility to SLE among the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indians</span>. PMID:26669013</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015DSRI...95..131M','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015DSRI...95..131M"><span id="translatedtitle">Temperature control of microbial respiration and growth efficiency in the mesopelagic zone of the <span class="hlt">South</span> Atlantic and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Oceans</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Mazuecos, Ignacio P.; Arístegui, Javier; Vázquez-Domínguez, Evaristo; Ortega-Retuerta, Eva; Gasol, Josep M.; Reche, Isabel</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>We have measured both prokaryotic heterotrophic production (PHP) and respiration (R), then providing direct estimates of prokaryotic growth efficiencies (PGE), in the upper mesopelagic zone (300-600 m) of the <span class="hlt">South</span> Atlantic and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Oceans. Our results show that in situ R ranged 3-fold, from 87 to 238 μmol C m-3 d-1. In situ PHP rates were much lower but also more variable than R (ranging from 0.3 to 9.1 μmol C m-3 d-1). The derived in situ PGE values were on average ~1.4% (from 0.3% to 3.7%), indicating that most of the organic substrates incorporated by prokaryotes were respired instead of being used for growth. Together with the few previous studies on PGE published before for the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea, our findings support the hypothesis that the global mesopelagic zone represents a key remineralization site for export production in the open ocean. We also found a strong correlation between R and PGE with temperature across a gradient ranging from 8.7 to 14.9 °C. The derived Q10 value of 3.7 suggests that temperature variability in the mesopelagic zone plays a significant role in the remineralization of organic matter.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1996/0495/report.pdf','USGSPUBS'); return false;" href="http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1996/0495/report.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Assessment of water quality in the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> River Water Control District, Palm Beach County, Florida, 1989-94</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Lietz, A.C.</p> <p>1996-01-01</p> <p>A study was conducted to assess ground-water and surface-water quality in the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> River Water Control District in northern Palm Beach County from 1989 to 1994. Contamination of the surficial aquifer system and availability of a potable water supply have become of increasing concern. The study consisted of sampling 11 ground-water wells and 14 surface- water sites for determination of major inorganic constituents and physical characteristics, trace metals, nitrogen and phosphorus species, and synthetic organic compounds. Sodium and chloride concentrations exceeded Florida drinking-water standards in ground water at two wells, dissolved- solids concentrations at five ground-water wells and one surface-water site, and color values at all 11 ground-water wells and all 14 surface-water sites. Other constituents also exhibited concentrations that exceeded drinking-water standards. Cadmium and zinc concentrations exceeded the standards in ground water at one well, and lead concentrations exceeded the standard in ground water at five wells. Nitrogen and phosphorus specie concentrations did not exceed respective drinking-water standards in any ground-water or surface-water samples. Several synthetic organic compounds were detected at or above 50 micrograms per liter in water samples collected from six ground-water wells and three surface-water sites.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3956639','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3956639"><span id="translatedtitle">Screening of Indigenous Oxalate Degrading Lactic Acid Bacteria from Human Faeces and <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Fermented Foods: Assessment of Probiotic Potential</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Kavitha, Murugan; Selvi, M. S.; Selvam, Govindan Sadasivam</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have the potential to degrade intestinal oxalate and this is increasingly being studied as a promising probiotic solution to manage kidney stone disease. In this study, oxalate degrading LAB were isolated from human faeces and <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> fermented foods, subsequently assessed for potential probiotic property in vitro and in vivo. Based on preliminary characteristics, 251 out of 673 bacterial isolates were identified as LAB. A total of 17 strains were found to degrade oxalate significantly between 40.38% and 62.90% and were subjected to acid and bile tolerance test. Among them, nine strains exhibited considerable tolerance up to pH 3.0 and at 0.3% bile. These were identified as Lactobacillus fermentum and Lactobacillus salivarius using 16S rDNA sequencing. Three strains, Lactobacillus fermentum TY5, Lactobacillus fermentum AB1, and Lactobacillus salivarius AB11, exhibited good adhesion to HT-29 cells and strong antimicrobial activity. They also conferred resistance to kanamycin, rifampicin, and ampicillin, but were sensitive to chloramphenicol and erythromycin. The faecal recovery rate of these strains was observed as 15.16% (TY5), 6.71% (AB1), and 9.3% (AB11) which indicates the colonization ability. In conclusion, three efficient oxalate degrading LAB were identified and their safety assessments suggest that they may serve as good probiotic candidates for preventing hyperoxaluria. PMID:24723820</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25661205','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25661205"><span id="translatedtitle">Two new marine Gastrotricha from the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean coast of <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Todaro, M Antonio; Perissinotto, Renzo; Bownes, Sarah J</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>The study is part of a larger research programme aimed at shedding light on the gastrotrich communities of the subtropical east coast province of KwaZulu-Natal, <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa. In previous papers, faunistic and preliminary taxonomic data on marine and freshwater gastrotrichs found in the iSimangaliso Wetland Park, were reported. Here two new interesting marine macrodasyidan species in the families Dactylopodolidae and Thaumastodermatidae are described based on observations carried out on living specimens and using differential interference contrast microscopy. The two novel species are named in honor of two great <span class="hlt">South</span> African icons recently deceased: Nadine Gordimer and Nelson Mandela. Dactylopodola nadine sp. n. is the third species in the genus to bear red eye-spots; it can easily be distinguished from the closely-related red-eyed D. baltica and D. roscovita by its smaller size (Total length = 230 μm vs 275 μm vs 450 μm, respectively) and the lower number of adhesive tubes of the anterior, lateral and posterior series (on each side: 3, 4 and 4 vs 5, 6 and 8 vs 2, 9 and 12-15). Pseudostomella mandela sp. n. is a fairly large species (up to 481 μm in length), with a cuticular covering made up of tetrancres and relatively long caudal pedicles (up to 44 μm in length ). The most evident autoapomorphic trait of the new species is the presence of 7 pairs of 'cirrata' tubes, two emerging in a lateral position along the pharyngeal region and five from the dorsolateral sides of the trunk. Additional relevant taxonomic characters include: 4 tubes of the anterior series, 11 tubes of the ventrolateral series and 3 tubes of the posterior series per side, 5 papillae on the dorsal margin and 6 papillae on the ventral margin of the oral palps. The high number of putative new species discovered among the <span class="hlt">South</span> African gastrotrich fauna during our relatively short survey, highlights the relevance of this region with regard to the diversity of this group and stresses once again the importance of investigating new geographic areas in order to improve our understanding of global gastrotrich biodiversity and species richness.  PMID:25661205</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3774716','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3774716"><span id="translatedtitle">Mutational Screening of LCA Genes Emphasizing RPE65 in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Cohort of Patients</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Verma, Anshuman; Perumalsamy, Vijayalakshmi; Shetty, Shashikant; Kulm, Maigi; Sundaresan, Periasamy</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Background Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is the most severe form of inherited retinal visual impairment in children. So far, mutations in more than 20 genes have been known to cause LCA and among them, RPE65 is a suitable candidate for gene therapy. The mutational screenings of RPE65 and other LCA genes are requisite in support of emerging gene specific therapy for LCA. Therefore, we have carried out a comprehensive LCA genes screening using a combined approach of direct sequencing and DNA microarray based Asper chip analysis. Methodology/Principal Findings Thirty clinically diagnosed index LCA cases from Southern India were screened for coding and flanking intronic regions of RPE65 through direct sequencing. Among thirty, 25 cases excluded from RPE65 mutations were subjected to Asper chip analysis, testing 784 known pathogenic variations in 15 major LCA genes. In RPE65 screening, four different pathogenic variations including two novel (c.361insT & c.939T>A) and two known (c.394G>A & c.361delT) mutations were identified in five index cases. In the chip analysis, seven known pathogenic mutations were identified in six index cases, involving genes GUCY2D, RPGRIP1, AIPL1, CRX and IQCB1. Overall, 11 out of 30 LCA cases (36.6%) revealed pathogenic variations with the involvement of RPE65 (16.6%), GUCY2D (10%), RPGRIP1 (3.3%), AIPL1 (3.3%) and CRX & IQCB1 (3.3%). Conclusions/Significance Our study suggests that such combined screening approach is productive and cost-effective for mutation detection and can be applied in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> LCA cohort for molecular diagnosis and genetic counselling. PMID:24066033</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2536358','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2536358"><span id="translatedtitle">Effects of water quality and water quantity on nutritional status: findings from a <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> community</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Hebert, James R.</p> <p>1985-01-01</p> <p>Quantitative assessments of the relative effects on health of various aspects of water supply are virtually absent from the literature. Despite the lack of information, resources are being allocated throughout the developing world, for projects related to water and sanitation. The present study was designed specifically to overcome many of the methodological problems that other researchers have faced. Data were collected concerning the nutritional status of 627 children in three urban communities in <span class="hlt">South</span> India. Information was also collected on water quality, water quantity, household sanitation, socioeconomic conditions, and housing. A statistical technique is presented that allows for controlling potential confounding factors in the analyses. The results, in general, indicate that at young ages (i.e., under 3 years old) water quality is relatively more important as a determinant of nutritional status, while at older ages water quantity is relatively more important. PMID:3872733</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24877788','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24877788"><span id="translatedtitle">Low level deltamethrin resistance in ticks from cattle of Kerala, a <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> state.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Jyothimol, G; Ravindran, R; Juliet, S; Ajithkumar, K G; Suresh, N N; Vimalkumar, M B; Lenka, D R; Varghese, S; Ghosh, Srikanta</p> <p>2014-08-29</p> <p>The deltamethrin resistance status in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) annulatus and R. (B.) microplus ticks collected from cattle of five organized farms of Kerala, <span class="hlt">south</span> India was evaluated. Resistance was characterized using biological (larval packet test), biochemical (esterase enzyme activity assay) and molecular tools (PCR amplification and sequencing of deltamethrin resistance-associated genes). Characterization of field isolates revealed level I resistance in ticks collected from four out of five farms. Elevated level of α/β esterase activity was not recorded in isolates showing level I resistance. Previously reported point mutations in the carboxyl esterase (G1120A) and sodium channel (T2134A and C190A) genes were not observed in any of the field isolates. The present study showed a low level (level I) resistance is developed in the most economically important ticks infesting cattle of this state and it cautions the development of large scale resistance in future. PMID:24877788</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23787104','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23787104"><span id="translatedtitle">Differences in prenatal exposure to mercury in <span class="hlt">South</span> African communities residing along the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Channa, Kalavati; Odland, Jon Ø; Kootbodien, Tahira; Theodorou, Penny; Naik, Inakshi; Sandanger, Torkjel M; Röllin, Halina B</p> <p>2013-10-01</p> <p>Mercury is a persistent environmental pollutant that has the potential to adversely affect human health, particularly, foetal neurodevelopment. The purpose of the study was to investigate prenatal mercury (Hg) exposure in the population in three sites along the <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa coast. Study subjects included women (n=350) who were admitted for delivery at the local hospitals. Maternal and cord blood samples were collected to measure total mercury and each participant was required to answer a questionnaire. The 90th percentile of mercury levels in maternal and cord blood of the total population was 1.15 μg/l and 1.67 μg/l, respectively. Site 1 (Manguzi) participants had the highest maternal geometric mean (GM) values of 0.93 μg/l, which was significantly different from Site 2 (Port Shepstone) (0.49 μg/l) and Site 3 (Empangeni) (0.56 μg/l) (ANOVA test, p<0.001). Umbilical cord blood GM Hg level for Site 1 (1.45 μg/l) was more than double the GM Hg level in Site 2 (0.70 μg/l) and Site 3 (0.73 μg/l). Univariate analysis indicated that the following maternal characteristics were positive predictors for elevated umbilical cord Hg levels: maternal blood Hg levels, living with a partner, residing in Site 1, living in informal housing, using wood and gas for cooking, borehole water as a drinking source, and a member of the household being involved in fishing. Maternal dietary predictors of elevated Hg levels in umbilical cord blood included consuming fresh fish, tinned fish, fruit or dairy products, daily. This study provides baseline data and reveals that 2% of the study population were above the EPA's reference value (5.8 μg/l) suggesting low level exposure to mercury in pregnant women and the developing foetus in <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa. Further research is required to explore the sources of elevated Hg levels in Site 1. PMID:23787104</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013NatCC...3..502C','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013NatCC...3..502C"><span id="translatedtitle">Malaria epidemics and the influence of the tropical <span class="hlt">South</span> Atlantic on the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> monsoon</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Cash, B. A.; Rodó, X.; Ballester, J.; Bouma, M. J.; Baeza, A.; Dhiman, R.; Pascual, M.</p> <p>2013-05-01</p> <p>The existence of predictability in the climate system beyond the relatively short timescales of synoptic weather has provided significant impetus to investigate climate variability and its consequences for society. In particular, relationships between the relatively slow changes in sea surface temperature (SST) and climate variability at widely removed points across the globe provide a basis for statistical and dynamical efforts to predict numerous phenomena, from rainfall to disease incidence, at seasonal to decadal timescales. We describe here a remote influence, identified through observational analysis and supported through numerical experiments with a coupled atmosphere-ocean model, of the tropical <span class="hlt">South</span> Atlantic (TSA) on both monsoon rainfall and malaria epidemics in arid northwest India. Moreover, SST in the TSA is shown to provide the basis for an early warning of anomalous hydrological conditions conducive to malaria epidemics four months later, therefore at longer lead times than those afforded by rainfall. We find that the TSA is not only significant as a modulator of the relationship between the monsoon and the El Niño/Southern Oscillation, as has been suggested by previous work, but for certain regions and temporal lags is in fact a dominant driver of rainfall variability and hence malaria outbreaks.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19730055048&hterms=rangeland+data&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3Drangeland%2Bdata','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19730055048&hterms=rangeland+data&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3Drangeland%2Bdata"><span id="translatedtitle">Utilizing remote sensing data for land use decisions for <span class="hlt">Indian</span> lands in <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Frazee, C. J.; Westin, F. C.; Carey, R. L.</p> <p>1973-01-01</p> <p>Evaluation of photographic and thermal infrared imagery acquired at an altitude of 11,500 ft above ground level (in southwestern <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota) on Oct. 15, 1970, June 30, 1971, and Aug. 2, 1971, for use in mapping range sites and soils. A density slicing system was used to enhance film optical density differences associated with range sites and soils. The range site boundaries in native rangeland areas were found to be delineated best by a density slicing analysis of color infrared film obtained in August 1971. The range site maps produced by density slicing were superior to existing range inventory maps. The density slicing analysis of color infrared film from the August 1971 flight was best for locating soil boundaries in rangeland areas. To adequately map soils in rangeland areas, data based on density slicing used in conjunction with slope gradient information derived from stereoscopic analyses provided more detailed and accurate information than is presently available from range site and soil maps of the area.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");'>6</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li class="active"><span>8</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_8 --> <div id="page_9" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li class="active"><span>9</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="161"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26503681','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26503681"><span id="translatedtitle">Skills, division of labour and economies of scale among Amazonian hunters and <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> honey collectors.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Hooper, Paul L; Demps, Kathryn; Gurven, Michael; Gerkey, Drew; Kaplan, Hillard S</p> <p>2015-12-01</p> <p>In foraging and other productive activities, individuals make choices regarding whether and with whom to cooperate, and in what capacities. The size and composition of cooperative groups can be understood as a self-organized outcome of these choices, which are made under local ecological and social constraints. This article describes a theoretical framework for explaining the size and composition of foraging groups based on three principles: (i) the sexual division of labour; (ii) the intergenerational division of labour; and (iii) economies of scale in production. We test predictions from the theory with data from two field contexts: Tsimane' game hunters of lowland Bolivia, and Jenu Kuruba honey collectors of <span class="hlt">South</span> India. In each case, we estimate the impacts of group size and individual group members' effort on group success. We characterize differences in the skill requirements of different foraging activities and show that individuals participate more frequently in activities in which they are more efficient. We evaluate returns to scale across different resource types and observe higher returns at larger group sizes in foraging activities (such as hunting large game) that benefit from coordinated and complementary roles. These results inform us that the foraging group size and composition are guided by the motivated choice of individuals on the basis of relative efficiency, benefits of cooperation, opportunity costs and other social considerations. PMID:26503681</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2555295','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2555295"><span id="translatedtitle">A community-wide tuberculosis survey in a <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> rural population, 1950-55</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Frimodt-Møller, J.</p> <p>1960-01-01</p> <p>An investigation carried out under WHO auspices in a small area of <span class="hlt">South</span> India in 1950-55, and which covered a population of approximately 60 000, has not only shed light on various aspects of tuberculosis epidemiology, but has also served as an exercise in the practical conduct of a control campaign in a less developed area. The programme was based essentially on systematic case-finding by mass miniature X-ray and tuberculin testing and the hospitalization of infectious cases. Its most dramatic effect on the community consisted in the great reduction of mortality—from 200 to 21 per 100 000 in less than four years—due no doubt to the advent of the newer antituberculosis drugs. This and other findings are discussed at length in the present report, which covers such topics as tuberculin sensitivity, infection rate, prevalence, incidence, and the results of a BCG control trial. One of the conclusions reached as a result of the campaign was that domiciliary drug therapy had much to recommend it in an area such as this, given the reluctance of patients to enter hospital and thus be deprived of their earning capacity. ImagesFIG. 2FIG. 5 PMID:13825251</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26749494','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26749494"><span id="translatedtitle">Autosomal dominant cortical tremor, myoclonus, and epilepsy (ADCME) in a unique <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> community.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Mahadevan, Radha; Viswanathan, Natarajan; Shanmugam, Ganesan; Sankaralingam, Saravanan; Essaki, Bobby; Chelladurai, Rachel P</p> <p>2016-03-01</p> <p>Autosomal dominant cortical tremor, myoclonus, and epilepsy (ADCME)/familial adult onset myoclonic epilepsy (FAME) is a nonprogressive disorder characterized by (1) distal tremors that are usually precipitated by posture and action; (2) stimulus-sensitive myoclonus that is predominantly seen in the upper limb and is precipitated by photic stimuli, fatigue, emotional stress, and sleep deprivation; (3) seizures that were predominantly of the generalized tonic-clonic type that showed significant response to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). ADCME has been reported worldwide with different genetic loci in Japanese families (8q23.3-q24.1), Italian families (2p11.1-q12.2), a French family (5p15.3.1-p15.1), and a Thai family (3q26.32-q28). ADCME has not been reported in <span class="hlt">South</span> India and is still not recognized as an independent entity under the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE). We report 241 patients with ADCME identified belonging to 48 families. The 48 families are domiciled in two southern districts of Tamilnadu in India, belonging to a community called "Nadar" whose nativity is confined to these southern districts, with reported unique genetic characteristics. This study is reported for the presentation of this rare disease in a unique ethnic group, and is the largest single report on ADCME worldwide. PMID:26749494</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4428017','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4428017"><span id="translatedtitle">Age estimation using development of third molars in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population: A radiological study</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Priyadharshini, K. Indra; Idiculla, Jose Joy; Sivapathasundaram, B.; Mohanbabu, V.; Augustine, Dominic; Patil, Shankargouda</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Aim: To assess the estimation of chronological age based on the stages of third molar development following the eight stages (A–H) method of Demirjian et al. in Chennai population of <span class="hlt">South</span> India. Materials and Methods: A sample consisting of 848 individuals (471 males and 377 females) aged between 14 and 30 years was randomly selected for the clinical evaluation and 323 orthopantomograms with clinically missing third molars were taken for radiological evaluation using Demirjian's method from a Chennai population of known chronological age and sex. Statistical analysis was performed using Pearson's Chi-square test and mean values were compared between the study groups using t-test or analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey's highly significant difference (HSD). In the present study, P < 0.05 was considered as the level of significance. Results: The results showed that the mean age of having clinically completely erupted maxillary third molars was 22.41 years in male subjects and 23.81 years in female subjects and that of mandibular third molars was 21.49 years in male subjects and 23.34 years in female subjects. Mandibular third molars were clinically missing more often in females than in males. Eruption of mandibular third molars was generally ahead of the emergence of maxillary third molars into the oral cavity. Third molar development between male and female subjects showed statistically significant differences at calcification stage F and stage G in maxillary third molars and stage F in mandibular third molars (P < 0.05). Conclusion: There are differences indicating that maxillary and mandibular third molar eruption reached Demirjian's formation stages earlier in males than in females. It is suggested that in future studies, to increase the accuracy of age determination, indications of sexual maturity and ossification should also be evaluated in addition to third molar mineralization. PMID:25984465</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2848202','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2848202"><span id="translatedtitle">Paniya Voices: A Participatory Poverty and Health Assessment among a marginalized <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribal population</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>Background In India, indigenous populations, known as Adivasi or Scheduled Tribes (STs), are among the poorest and most marginalized groups. 'Deprived' ST groups tend to display high levels of resignation and to lack the capacity to aspire; consequently their health perceptions often do not adequately correspond to their real health needs. Moreover, similar to indigenous populations elsewhere, STs often have little opportunity to voice perspectives framed within their own cultural worldviews. We undertook a study to gather policy-relevant data on the views, experiences, and priorities of a marginalized and previously enslaved tribal group in <span class="hlt">South</span> India, the Paniyas, who have little 'voice' or power over their own situation. Methods/design We implemented a Participatory Poverty and Health Assessment (PPHA). We adopted guiding principles and an ethical code that promote respect for Paniya culture and values. The PPHA, informed by a vulnerability framework, addressed five key themes (health and illness, well-being, institutions, education, gender) using participatory approaches and qualitative methods. We implemented the PPHA in five Paniya colonies (clusters of houses in a small geographical area) in a gram panchayat (lowest level decentralized territorial unit) to generate data that can be quickly disseminated to decision-makers through interactive workshops and public forums. Preliminary findings Findings indicated that the Paniyas are caught in multiple 'vulnerability traps', that is, they view their situation as vicious cycles from which it is difficult to break free. Conclusion The PPHA is a potentially useful approach for global health researchers working with marginalized communities to implement research initiatives that will address those communities' health needs in an ethical and culturally appropriate manner. PMID:20307290</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4323408','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4323408"><span id="translatedtitle">Community perceptions of health and chronic disease in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> rural transitional communities: a qualitative study</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Hayter, Arabella K. M.; Jeffery, Roger; Sharma, Chitra; Prost, Audrey; Kinra, Sanjay</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Background Chronic diseases are now the leading cause of death and disability worldwide; this epidemic has been linked to rapid economic growth and urbanisation in developing countries. Understanding how characteristics of the physical, social, and economic environment affect behaviour in the light of these changes is key to identifying successful interventions to mitigate chronic disease risk. Design We undertook a qualitative study consisting of nine focus group discussions (FGDs) (n=57) in five villages in rural Andhra Pradesh, <span class="hlt">South</span> India, to understand people's perceptions of community development and urbanisation in relation to chronic disease in rural transitional communities. Specifically, we sought to understand perceptions of change linked to diet, physical activity, and pollution (because these exposures are most relevant to chronic diseases), with the aim of defining future interventions. The transcripts were analysed thematically. Results Participants believed their communities were currently less healthy, more polluted, less physically active, and had poorer access to nutritious food and shorter life expectancies than previously. There were contradictory perceptions of the effects of urbanisation on health within and between individuals; several of the participants felt their quality of life had been reduced. Conclusions In the present study, residents viewed change and development within their villages as an inevitable and largely positive process but with some negative health consequences. Understanding how these changes are affecting populations in transitional rural areas and how people relate to their environment may be useful to guide community planning for health. Measures to educate and empower people to make healthy choices within their community may help reduce the spread of chronic disease risk factors in future years. PMID:25669238</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016ClDy..tmp..175Z','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016ClDy..tmp..175Z"><span id="translatedtitle">Inter-decadal changes in the East Asian summer monsoon and associations with sea surface temperature anomaly in the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Zhang, Haiyan; Wen, Zhiping; Wu, Renguang; Chen, Zesheng; Guo, Yuanyuan</p> <p>2016-04-01</p> <p>Previous studies have revealed inter-decadal changes in the East Asian summer monsoon (EASM) that occurred around the late 1970s and early 1990s, respectively. The present study compares characteristics of these two changes and analyzes plausible influences of the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean (SIO) sea surface temperature (SST) change. The two changes share pronounced common features, characterized by an equivalent barotropic circulation anomaly over northern East Asia and a meridional vertical overturning circulation over the tropical region. Meanwhile, they display some distinct characteristics, especially over the tropics. The circumfluent anomalies are more robust for the first change than for the second one. Related amplitude asymmetry is partly attributed to a weakening trend in the EASM. Moreover, SST change in the SIO, featuring a decadal warming since the 1980s and a cooling after 1993, may contribute to both of these inter-decadal changes. Cold SST anomaly induces anomalous mid-tropospheric descent over the western SIO and ascent extending from the eastern SIO to western Australia and over the equatorial <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. The accompanying upper-tropospheric divergent flows from western Australia and equatorial <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean to the Philippines lead to anomalous descent and an anomalous lower-tropospheric anticyclone over the <span class="hlt">South</span> China Sea-Philippines. Warm SST anomaly induces opposite changes in above regions. The possible influence of SST anomaly in the SIO is further confirmed by numerical experiments.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED297924.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED297924.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indian</span> Education. Hearing on S.1645 To Reauthorize Certain <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Educational Programs before the Select Committee on <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs. United States Senate, One Hundredth Congress, First Session (Pine Ridge, <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota, August 17, 1987).</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs.</p> <p></p> <p>This hearing before the Select Committee on <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs (United States Senate) concerns a bill (S.1645) to: (1) reauthorize funding for Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs (BIA) schools and dormitory facilities; (2) prevent termination or alteration of BIA-funded schools except by specific provision of law or as requested by tribal governing bodies; and…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013AGUFM.H34B..05B','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013AGUFM.H34B..05B"><span id="translatedtitle">Spatiotemporal variability of rainfall extremes in monsoonal climates - examples from the <span class="hlt">South</span> American Monsoon and the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Monsoon Systems (Invited)</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Bookhagen, B.; Boers, N.; Marwan, N.; Malik, N.; Kurths, J.</p> <p>2013-12-01</p> <p>Monsoonal rainfall is the crucial component for more than half of the world's population. Runoff associated with monsoon systems provide water resources for agriculture, hydropower, drinking-water generation, recreation, and social well-being and are thus a fundamental part of human society. However, monsoon systems are highly stochastic and show large variability on various timescales. Here, we use various rainfall datasets to characterize spatiotemporal rainfall patterns using traditional as well as new approaches emphasizing nonlinear spatial correlations from a complex networks perspective. Our analyses focus on the <span class="hlt">South</span> American (SAMS) and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> (ISM) Monsoon Systems on the basis of Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission (TRMM) using precipitation radar and passive-microwave products with horizontal spatial resolutions of ~5x5 km^2 (products 2A25, 2B31) and 25x25 km^2 (3B42) and interpolated rainfall-gauge data for the ISM (APHRODITE, 25x25 km^2). The eastern slopes of the Andes of <span class="hlt">South</span> America and the southern front of the Himalaya are characterized by significant orographic barriers that intersect with the moisture-bearing, monsoonal wind systems. We demonstrate that topography exerts a first-order control on peak rainfall amounts on annual timescales in both mountain belts. Flooding in the downstream regions is dominantly caused by heavy rainfall storms that propagate deep into the mountain range and reach regions that are arid and without vegetation cover promoting rapid runoff. These storms exert a significantly different spatial distribution than average-rainfall conditions and assessing their recurrence intervals and prediction is key in understanding flooding for these regions. An analysis of extreme-value distributions of our high-spatial resolution data reveal that semi-arid areas are characterized by low-frequency/high-magnitude events (i.e., are characterized by a ';heavy tail' distribution), whereas regions with high mean annual rainfall have a less skewed distribution. In a second step, an analysis of the spatial characteristics of extreme rainfall synchronicity by means of complex networks reveals patterns of the propagation of extreme rainfall events. These patterns differ substantially from those obtained from the mean annual rainfall distribution. In addition, we have developed a scheme to predict rainfall extreme events in the eastern Central Andes based on event synchronization and spatial patterns of complex networks. The presented methods and result will allow to critically evaluate data and models in space and time.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014AGUFMOS53C1065K','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014AGUFMOS53C1065K"><span id="translatedtitle">Heat Flow on the <span class="hlt">South</span> West <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ridge at 14°E and the Consequences for Microbiological Activity</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Kaul, N. E.; Molari, M.; Boetius, A.</p> <p>2014-12-01</p> <p>During RV POLARSTERN cruise PS81 to the <span class="hlt">South</span> West <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ridge (SWIR) at 52°S, 14°E an integrated study was carried out in more than 4000 m water depth employing seismology, geology, microbiology, deep-sea ecology, heat flow and others. Heat flow is supposed to be an indicator for the varying depth of the magma chamber beneath the ridge axis. Bottom observations from previous work on the SWIR are scarce and visual information about geostructures, habitat landscapes, benthic faunal communities and their distribution in this area have so far been missing. Vigorous fluid flow in the form of black smokers or shimmering water could not be detected but enhanced heat flow due to upward pore water migration occurred. This leads to values of very high heat flow (up to 850 mW/m2) and advection rates up to 25 cm/a Darcy velocity. Enhanced biomass and a greater variation of megafauna along those sites of high heat flow could be inferred from reconnaissance observations with a camera sledge. A closer investigation of microbial activity in the material of gravity corers revealed favorable living conditions for microorganisms. We find the inorganic carbon fixation rates, here applied like a proxy of microbial metabolic activity, were significantly higher (up to 7 times higher) in surficial sediments in proximity of the station PS 81/640 compared to other stations along the ridge. Conversely the extracellular enzymatic activities did not show any significant difference in the potential organic matter degradation between the stations investigated. These results suggest an increase of chemosynthetic activities at St PS 81/649, possibly related to increase of availability of reduced compounds (i.e. sulphide, reduced metals) in presence of pore water flow.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26687648','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26687648"><span id="translatedtitle">PTEN and p16 genes as epigenetic biomarkers in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC): a study on <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Sushma, P S; Jamil, Kaiser; Kumar, P Uday; Satyanarayana, U; Ramakrishna, M; Triveni, B</p> <p>2016-06-01</p> <p>Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) and p16INK4a (p16) genes are tumor suppressor genes, associated with epigenetic alterations. PTEN and p16 promoter hypermethylation is a major epigenetic silencing mechanism leading to cancer. The cooperation between PTEN and p16 in pathogenesis of cancers suggest that their combination might be considered as potential molecular marker for specific subgroups of patients. Hence, the present study aimed to investigate whether PTEN and p16 promoter methylations were involved in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subjects. DNA methylation quantitative analyses of the two candidate tumor suppressor genes PTEN and p16 were performed by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP). Fifty OSCC biopsy samples and their corresponding non-malignant portions as controls were studied comparatively. The methylation status was correlated with the clinical manifestations. Twelve out of 50 patients (24 %) were found to be methylated for PTEN gene, whereas methylation of the p16 gene occurred in 19 out of 50 cases (38 %). A statistically significant result was obtained (P = <0.0001 and 0.017) for both PTEN and p16 genes. PTEN and p16 promoter methylation may be the main mechanism leading to the low expression of PTEN and p16 genes indicating the progress of tumor development. Our data suggest that a low PTEN and p16 expression due to methylation may contribute to the cancer progression and could be useful for prognosis of OSCC. Therefore, analysis of promoter methylation in such genes may provide a biomarker valuable for early detection of oral cancer. PMID:26687648</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26775007','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26775007"><span id="translatedtitle">Contrasted accumulation patterns of persistent organic pollutants and mercury in sympatric tropical dolphins from the <span class="hlt">south</span>-western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Dirtu, Alin C; Malarvannan, Govindan; Das, Krishna; Dulau-Drouot, Violaine; Kiszka, Jeremy J; Lepoint, Gilles; Mongin, Philippe; Covaci, Adrian</p> <p>2016-04-01</p> <p>Due to their high trophic position and long life span, small cetaceans are considered as suitable bioindicators to monitor the presence of contaminants in marine ecosystems. Here, we document the contamination with persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and total mercury (T-Hg) of spinner (Stenella longirostris, n =21) and Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops aduncus, n=32) sampled from the coastal waters of La Réunion (<span class="hlt">south</span>-western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean). In addition, seven co-occurring teleost fish species were sampled and analyzed as well. Blubber samples from living dolphins and muscle from teleosts were analyzed for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), DDT and metabolites (DDTs), chlordanes (CHLs), hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). Methoxylated PBDEs (MeO-PBDEs), reported as having a natural origin, were also analyzed. T-Hg levels were measured in blubber and skin biopsies of the two dolphin species. Stable isotopes δ(13)C and δ(15)N values were determined in skin of the dolphins and in the muscle of teleosts. For PCBs, HCHs and T-Hg, concentrations were significantly higher in T. aduncus than in S. longirostris. For other POP levels, intra-species variability was high. MeO-PBDEs were the dominant compounds (55% of the total POPs) in S. longirostris, while PCBs dominated (50% contribution) in T. aduncus. Other contaminants showed similar profiles between the two species. Given the different patterns of POPs and T-Hg contamination and the δ(15)N values observed among analyzed teleosts, dietary and foraging habitat preferences most likely explain the contrasted contaminant profiles observed in the two dolphin species. Levels of each class of contaminants were significantly higher in males than females. Despite their spatial and temporal overlap in the waters of La Réunion, S. longirostris and T. aduncus are differently exposed to contaminant accumulation. PMID:26775007</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4517325','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4517325"><span id="translatedtitle">Is Greulich and Pyle standards of skeletal maturation applicable for age estimation in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Andhra children?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Mohammed, Rezwana Begum; Rao, Dola Srinivasa; Goud, Alampur Srinivas; Sailaja, S.; Thetay, Anshuj Ajay Rao; Gopalakrishnan, Meera</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Introduction: Now-a-day age determination has gained importance for various forensic and legal reasons. Skeletal age (SA) of a test population can be estimated by comparing with established standards of Greulich and Pyle (G-P). As this atlas has been prepared using data from upper-class children born between 1917 and 1942 in the USA and the applicability of these standards to contemporary populations has yet to be tested on Andhra children living in India. Hence, this study was aimed to assess the reliability of bone age calculated by G-P atlas in estimation of age in selected population. Materials and Methods: A total of 660 children (330 girls, 330 boys) between ages 9 and 20 years were randomly selected from outpatient Department of Oral Medicine in GITAM Dental College, Andhra Pradesh. Digital hand-wrist radiographs were obtained and assessed for SA using G-P atlas and the difference between estimated SA and chronological age (CA) were compared with paired t-test and Wilcoxon signed rank test. Results: G-P method underestimated the SA by 0.23 ± 1.53 years for boys and overestimated SA by 0.02 ± 2 years in girls and mild underestimation was noted in the total sample of about 0.1 ± 1.78 years. Spearman rank test showed significant correlation between SA and CA (r = 0.86; P < 0.001). Conclusion: This study concluded that G-P standards were reliable in assessing age in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Andhra children of age 9–20 years with unknown CA. PMID:26229357</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24916119','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24916119"><span id="translatedtitle">Ingestion and defecation of marine debris by loggerhead sea turtles, Caretta caretta, from by-catches in the <span class="hlt">South</span>-West <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Hoarau, Ludovic; Ainley, Lara; Jean, Claire; Ciccione, Stéphane</p> <p>2014-07-15</p> <p>Marine debris, caused by anthropogenic pollution, is a major problem impacting marine wildlife worldwide. This study documents and quantifies the ingestion and defecation of debris by 74 loggerhead sea turtles, Caretta caretta, in the <span class="hlt">South</span>-West <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. Debris was found in 51.4% of gut or fecal samples of loggerheads by-catch from Reunion Island long liners. Anthropogenic debris was ubiquitous in our samples with plastics accounting for 96.2% of the total debris collected. No significant relationship was detected between the characteristics of ingested debris and the biometric characteristics of loggerheads. The number, weight, volume and mean length of debris were higher in gut content of deceased loggerheads than in fecal samples of live turtles, but not significantly, except for the mean length. This is the first record of debris ingestion by sea turtles in the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean and our results highlight the magnitude of this pollution of the marine environment. PMID:24916119</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED128109.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED128109.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">The Dakota <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Family. Community Studies on the Pine Ridge Reservation. <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 470, May 1958.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Malan, Vernon D.</p> <p></p> <p>The traditional kinship organization of the Dakota <span class="hlt">Indians</span> was compared with contemporary patterns of family living on the Pine Ridge Reservation. Effects of the cultural change on the economic and social conditions of the present day Pine Ridge <span class="hlt">Indians</span> were evaluated. The study revealed remnants of the traditional kinship pattern and the nature…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015EGUGA..1712816A','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015EGUGA..1712816A"><span id="translatedtitle">A description of eddy-mean flow feedbacks in equatorial and boundary current systems of the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Aguiar-González, Borja; Ponsoni, Leandro; Maas, Leo R. M.; Ridderinkhof, Herman; van Aken, Hendrik</p> <p>2015-04-01</p> <p>While many observational and modeling efforts have addressed eddy-mean flow interactions acting over nearly idealized zonal jets, little is know about whether findings in those studies can be extended to current systems with different configurations in the real ocean. This topic is of special interest for ocean-climate models where eddy interactions with the mean flow may be unresolved, demanding further insight on the mechanism by which the eddy field and the mean circulation should feed back in a realistic representation of future climate change scenarios. Following this motivation, we investigate local exchange of momentum and kinetic energy operating in a variety of eddy-mean flow systems of the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean (SIO). To this aim we use 21 years (1993-2013) of newly processed satellite altimetry observations, and adopt a definition of the mean flow as a seasonally-dependent temporal mean where the eddy field encompasses the daily instantaneous deviation from the altimeter-derived velocities. This approach allows time-varying feedbacks to evolve throughout the year. We find that the eddy field feeds back on the mean circulation, contributing importantly to the overall seasonal strengthening and weakening of all current systems involved in the tropical and subtropical gyre of the SIO. Although significant contributions to the momentum and energy balances were also obtained along the Agulhas (Return) Current and the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC), they exhibit a weak/absent seasonal cycle, suggesting that the strength of these dynamical processes is mostly persistent throughout the year. Spatial distribution of the eddy kinetic energy conversion rates and the convergence of horizontal eddy momentum fluxes indicate that over regions where the eddy field draws energy from the mean flow through barotropic instabilities, the current is importantly decelerated by alongstream eddy forces on its upstream side, while further downstream the situation reverses with accelerating alongstream eddy forces and kinetic energy being transferred from the eddy field to the mean flow. This is the case for 1) the meandering Indonesian Throughflow, ITF (winter and spring); 2) the southward along-slope flow crossing the narrows of the Mozambique Channel and shedding anticyclonic eddies; 3) the southern <span class="hlt">South</span> East Madagascar Current shedding dipoles; and, 4) the Agulhas Retroflection, shedding Agulhas rings into the Atlantic Ocean. Additionally, we observe a well-known feature of the eastward-flowing Agulhas Return Current and the ACC, also along the <span class="hlt">South</span> Equatorial Countercurrent, the ITF and the North East Madagascar Current. In all cases (either eastward- or westward-flowing), these nearly zonal currents exhibit convergence (divergence) of the cross-stream eddy momentum forces acting over its left-hand (right-hand) side, looking downstream, pointing to a systematic drift of the mean flow towards its left-hand side by cross-stream eddy forces. Quantitative estimates and qualitative spatial patterns from this study provide a unique tool for testing the performance of eddy-resolving models on predicting realistically eddy-mean flow feedbacks in the SIO.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24613098','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24613098"><span id="translatedtitle">Termites in the hominin diet: a meta-analysis of termite genera, species and <span class="hlt">castes</span> as a dietary supplement for <span class="hlt">South</span> African robust australopithecines.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Lesnik, Julie J</p> <p>2014-06-01</p> <p>Termite foraging by chimpanzees and present-day modern humans is a well-documented phenomenon, making it a plausible hypothesis that early hominins were also utilizing this resource. Hominin termite foraging has been credited by some to be the explanation for the unexpected carbon isotope signatures present in <span class="hlt">South</span> African hominin teeth, which suggest the diet was different from that of extant non-human great apes, consisting of a significant amount of resources that are not from woody-plants. Grass-eating termites are one potential resource that could contribute to the carbon signature. However, not all termites eat grasses, and in fact, the termites that are most widely consumed by chimpanzees and by many present-day human populations at best have a mixed diet that includes small amounts of grasses. Here I review the ecology of termites and how it affects their desirability as a food resource for hominins, and conduct a meta-analysis of nutritional values for various genera, species and <span class="hlt">castes</span> from the literature. Termites are very diverse, even within species, and this variability affects both their carbon signatures and nutritional value, hindering generalizations regarding the contribution of termites to the hominin diet. It is concluded here that a combination of soldiers and alates of the genus Macrotermes be used to model the insectivory component of the Plio-Pleistocene hominin diet due to their significant amounts of energy-yielding nutrients and potential role as a critical resource for supporting larger-brained hominins. PMID:24613098</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014cosp...40E1689K','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014cosp...40E1689K"><span id="translatedtitle">Surface ozone and NOx trends observed over Kannur, a <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> coastal location of weak industrial activities</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Kumar, Satheesh Mk; T, Nishanth; M, Praseeed K.</p> <p></p> <p><span class="hlt">South</span> India is a peninsular region surrounded by the three belts of Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. Usually, coastal regions experience relatively high air quality compared to that of the interior land masses owing to the abundance of OH over ocean surface which acts as detergent in the atmosphere. Kannur (11.9 N, 75.4E, 5 m AMSL) is a coastal location along the Arabian Sea which is located in the northern district of Kerala State with fairly low industrial activities. A continuous observation of surface ozone (O3), NOx and OX (NO2+ O3) which has been initiated at this coastal site since 2009 reveals the enhancement in the concentrations of these trace species quite significantly. It is observed that surface O3 mixing ratio is increased at a rate of 1.51 ± 0.5 ppbv/year during the four year period from 2009 at Kannur. The enhancement rate in the mixing ratios of NOx is 1.01 ± 0.4 ppbv/year and OX is 1.49±0.42 ppbv/year respectively. The increase of O3 may be attributed due to the increase in methane and non-methane organic emissions from the wet lands and vehicles may enhance O3 production and fairly low rate of change of NO concentration at this site. This paper describes the rate of changes of O3, NOx and OX during the period of observation in detail. Likewise, the increase in nighttime concentrations of O3 and PM10 observed during the festival occasions in the summer month of April in all years is explained. Being a weak industrialized location, the main source of pollution is by vehicular emissions and the increase in these trace gases in the context of rapid enhancement in the number of vehicles is well correlated. These results may be helpful for improving government policies to control the photochemical formation of secondary air pollutants in the rural coastal sites that has a significant influence on the onset of monsoon and the outcome of this study have significant relevance for gradual transformation of pristine locations into polluted sites.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4378809','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4378809"><span id="translatedtitle">An In-Vivo Correlation Analysis of the Distance Between Lingual Frenal Attachment and Mandibular Incisal Edge Position as an Aid in Establishing Mandibular Occlusal Plane in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Population</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Balasubramanian, R; Raj, Krishna</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Statement of problem: The aim of the study is to find the reliability in measuring the distance between the anterior attachment of the lingual frenum and the incisal edge of the mandibular central incisor on <span class="hlt">casts</span> to be used as a pre-extraction record. Purpose: The objective of this study is to give a range of numerical values from anterior attachment of lingual frenum to mandibular central incisors in a class I ridge relation in <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population, which may be used in establishing the vertical dimension of the edentulous patient and also to locate the mandibular incisors in teeth arrangement of complete denture fabrication. Materials and Methods: One hundred subjects (50 males and 50 females) under the age group of 21-28y, with class I dental relationship and who have never undergone orthodontic treatment were selected. Two models were made for each subject using irreversible hydrocolloid impression material and type III gypsum product to obtain an average value for each subject. The distance between the incisal edges of the lower central incisor and the anterior attachment of the lingual frenum is measured using a divider and digital vernier caliper. Statistical Analysis: Mean and Standard deviation using descriptive statistics tool using SPSS software version 18. Result: The distance between the anterior attachment of the lingual frenum and incisal edges of mandibular central incisors among the 100 subjects was 14.50mm 2.2245 mm. Conclusion: The value obtained aided in establishing the vertical dimension easier by making a pre-determined height of mandibular occlusal rim. PMID:25859527</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://pubs.water.usgs.gov/ds102/','USGSPUBS'); return false;" href="http://pubs.water.usgs.gov/ds102/"><span id="translatedtitle">Digital data to support development of a pesticide management plan for the Standing Rock <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation, Sioux County, North Dakota, and Corson County, <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Schaap, Bryan D.</p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>As part of a program to support development of pesticide management plans for <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservations, the U.S. Geological Survey has been working in cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to make selected information available to the Tribes or in a format easier for the Tribes to use. As a result of this program, four digital data sets related to the geology or hydrology of the Standing Rock <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation were produced as part of this report. The digital data sets are based on maps published in 1982 at the 1:250,000 scale in 'Geohydrology of the Standing Rock <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation, North and <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota,' U.S. Geological Survey Hydrologic Investigations Atlas HA-644 by L.W. Howells. The digital data sets were created by 1) scanning the appropriate map to create an image file, 2) registering the image file to real-world coordinates, 3) creating a new image file rectified to real-world coordinates, and 4) digitizing of the features of interest using the rectified image as a guide. As digital data sets, the information can be used in a geographic information system in combination with other information to help develop a pesticide management plan.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");'>7</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li class="active"><span>9</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_9 --> <div id="page_10" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li class="active"><span>10</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="181"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4852105','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4852105"><span id="translatedtitle">SOD1 Gene +35A/C (exon3/intron3) Polymorphism in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Population</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Nithya, K.; Angeline, T.; Isabel, W.; Asirvatham, A. J.</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>Superoxide dismutase is an antioxidant enzyme that is involved in defence mechanisms against oxidative stress. Cu/Zn SOD is a variant that is located in exon3/intron3 boundary. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the Cu/Zn SOD (+35A/C) gene polymorphism is associated with the susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus among <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population. The study included patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (n = 100) and healthy controls (n = 75). DNA was isolated from the blood and genotyping of Cu/Zn SOD gene polymorphism was done by polymerase chain reaction based restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Occurrence of different genotypes and normal (A) and mutant (C) allele frequencies were determined. The frequency of the three genotypes of the total subjects was as follows: homozygous wild-type A/A (95%), heterozygous genotype A/C (3%), and homozygous mutant C/C (2%). The mutant (C) allele and the mutant genotypes (AC/CC) were found to be completely absent among the patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Absence of mutant genotype (CC) shows that the Cu/Zn SOD gene polymorphism may not be associated with the susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus among <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population. PMID:27190652</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED098003.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED098003.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">An <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Philosophy of Education.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Bryde, John F., Ed.</p> <p></p> <p>The University of <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota offered an unusual new class entitled "<span class="hlt">Indian</span> Philosophy of Education," during the 1972-73 school year. The class was initiated in response to <span class="hlt">Indian</span> leaders' requests to the university for educational leadership, trained at the highest level possible (doctoral), in order to bring about <span class="hlt">Indian</span> self-determination in…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012E%26PSL.327...29L','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012E%26PSL.327...29L"><span id="translatedtitle">Nd isotope systematics on ODP Sites 756 and 762 sediments reveal major volcanic, oceanic and climatic changes in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean over the last 35 Ma</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Le Houedec, Sandrine; Meynadier, Laure; Allègre, Claude J.</p> <p>2012-04-01</p> <p>We have analyzed the Nd isotopic composition of both ancient seawater and detrital material from long sequences of carbonated oozes of the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean which are ODP Site 756 (Ninety East Ridge (- 30°S), 1518 m water depth) and ODP Site 762 (Northwest Australian margin, 1360 m water depth). The measurements indicate that the ɛNd changes in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> seawater over the last 35 Ma result from changes in the oceanic circulation, large volcanic and continental weathering Nd inputs. This highlights the diverse nature of those controls and their interconnections in a small area of the ocean. These new records combined with those previously obtained at the equatorial ODP Sites 757 and 707 in the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean (Gourlan et al., 2008) established that the distribution of intermediate seawater ɛNd was uniform over most of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean from 35 Ma to 10 Ma within a geographical area extending from 40°S to the equator and from - 60°E to 120°E. However, the ɛNd value of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean seawater which kept an almost constant value (at about - 7 to - 8) from 35 to 15 Ma rose by 3 ɛNd units from 15 to 10 Ma. This sharp increase has been caused by a radiogenic Nd enrichment of the water mass originating from the Pacific flowing through the Indonesian Passage. Using a two end-members model we calculated that the Nd transported to the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean through the Indonesian Pathway was 1.7 times larger at 10 Ma than at 15 Ma. The Nd isotopic composition of ancient seawater and that of the sediment detrital component appear to be strongly correlated for some specific events. A first evidence occurs between 20 and 15 Ma with two positive spikes recorded in both ɛNd signals that are clearly induced by a volcanic crisis of, most likely, the St. Paul hot-spot. A second evidence is the very large ɛNd decrease recorded at ODP Sites 756 and 762 during the past 10 Ma which has never been previously observed. The synchronism between the ɛNd decrease in seawater from 10 to 5 Ma and evidences of desertification in the western part of the nearly Australian continent suggests enhanced weathering inputs in this ocean from this continent as a result of climatic changes.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4228680','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4228680"><span id="translatedtitle">Hair <span class="hlt">casts</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Parmar, Sweta S.; Parmar, Kirti S.; Shah, Bela J.</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Hair <span class="hlt">casts</span> or pseudonits are circumferential concretions, which cover the hair shaft in such a way that, it could be easily removed. They are thin, cylindrical, and elongated in length. We present an unusual case of an 8-year-old girl presenting with hair <span class="hlt">casts</span>. Occurrence of these is unusual, and they may have varied associations. This patient was suffering from developmental delay. It is commonly misdiagnosed as and very important to differentiate from pediculosis capitis. PMID:25396168</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2461608','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2461608"><span id="translatedtitle">Frequency of platelet-specific antigens PlA1, Baka, Yuka, Yukb, and Bra in <span class="hlt">South</span> American (Mapuches) <span class="hlt">Indians</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Inostroza, J; Kiefel, V; Mueller-Eckhardt, C</p> <p>1988-01-01</p> <p>One hundred twelve unrelated Mapuches <span class="hlt">Indians</span> from the area of Temuco, Chile were studied for the prevalence of five platelet-specific antigens. The prevalences found were: PlA1 (Zwa), greater than 99 percent; Baka, 89.3 percent; Yuka (Penb), 0.9 percent; Yukb (Pena), greater than 99 percent; and Bra, 4.9 percent. PMID:2461608</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1986DSRA...33..447B','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1986DSRA...33..447B"><span id="translatedtitle">The wind-driven circulation of the <span class="hlt">South</span> Atlantic-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> ocean II. Experiments using a multi-layer numerical model</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Boudra, Douglas B.; De Ruijter, Wilhelmus P. M.</p> <p>1986-04-01</p> <p>A numerical modeling study of the circulation of the <span class="hlt">South</span> Atlantic-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean in a geometrically simplified domain is extended to include baroclinicity using the quasi-isopycnic coordinate model of BLECK and BOUDRA (1981, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 11, 755-770). Within this framework a number of model parameters are varied in an attempt to understand processes related to exchange of fluid between the two ocean basins. The importance of nonlinearity of the boundary currents is determined by varying mean upper layer depth among three experiments. Sensitivities of the model Agulhas retroflection to upper ocean stratification, lateral friction, presence of eastward drift and bottom drag are examined. The role of friction in the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean western boundary layer is investigated and found to be important in separation from the boundary. Finally, horizontal resolution is doubled to resolve better the boundary layer and release of baroclinic instability. In advancing from the barotropic ( DE RUIJTER and BOUDRA, 1985, Dee-Sea Research, 32, 557-574), to the baroclinic model, an important new feature is development of an intense recirculation eddy just beyond the point where the Agulhas Current overshoots the tip of <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa. The center of this recirculation becomes the pivoting axis of the model retroflection, and its intensity increases with increasing Rossby number. At the same time, less top layer water is exchanged between the basins. The retroflection region acts as a source-sink of available potential and kinetic energy for the Atlantic-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean in the low Rossby number case. This source-sink is essentially shut off in the high Rossby number case. Energy is pumped into the bottom layer underneath the recirculation, however, and radiates westward in weak anticyclonic eddies. Similar to the one-layer case, the mechanism of the modeled retroflection is adjustment to a change in the vorticity balance as the Agulhas leaves the coast of Africa. Along that coast, the ?-induced gain of relative vorticity is balanced by diffusion into the no-slip boundary. After separation, potential vorticity is essentially conserved and the gain of relative vorticity is manifested in an eastward turn. Agulhas ring formation in the model occurs only for certain parameter ranges, and is due to a closing of the retroflecting current onto itself. In the highly nonlinear case, interaction with the cold, low potential vorticity, eastward drift <span class="hlt">south</span> of the retroflection area is also required for ring formation.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008AGUFMOS23D1281G','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008AGUFMOS23D1281G"><span id="translatedtitle">High Resolution Dissolved Fe and Al along 95°E in the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean: Results from the CLIVAR I8S Repeat Hydrography Section</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Grand, M. M.; Measures, C. I.; Landing, W. M.; Hiscock, W. T.; Buck, C. S.; Hatta, M.; Gosnell, K.</p> <p>2008-12-01</p> <p>The distribution of dissolved Fe and Al in the upper 1000m of the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean was determined during a meridional transect extending from 66°S to 28°S along ~95°E during the CLIVAR I8S Repeat Hydrography section (Feb-Mar 2007). The dataset consists of 37, 12 depth profiles of dissolved (0.4 μm filtered) Fe and Al spaced at ~1 degree intervals obtained using a trace metal clean rosette system and analyzed at sea by Flow Injection Analysis. The data reveals several noteworthy features on the sources and transport processes of Fe and Al in the southern portion of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean and <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subtropical gyre. A region of elevated dissolved Fe (~0.9 nM), presumably associated with an Antarctic shelf input, occupies the lower 900m of the water column and extends from the shelf break near 66°S to ~61°S. Dissolved Al values show a similar pattern, although the subsurface enrichment (~1.2 nM) is only noticeable below 200m and is not as pronounced. Fe concentrations dropped significantly away from the shelf (< 0.25 nM in upper 200m), and reached a minimum extending to ~600m depth from the Subtropical Front to 28°S. Between 55°S and 45°S, another Fe subsurface maximum of ~0.6 nM was observed between 400-1000m depth. This area lies downstream of the Kerguelen Plateau, where elevated dissolved Fe values driven by shelf sediment resuspension have previously been reported. Dissolved Al, a good tracer of atmospheric inputs to the upper ocean, exhibited low values (<0.5nM) in the upper 100 m of the water column <span class="hlt">south</span> of the Subtropical Front, consistent with the accepted low dust deposition over the Southern Ocean. Near 33°S, however, Al levels increased abruptly to ~7 nM. This sharp gradient constitutes the southern boundary of a region of elevated Al values that extends to 8°S in the CLIVAR I9N section and occupies the upper 200m of the water column. These elevated Al values are consistent with a dust source from the arid coast of western Australia given the mean southeasterly winds at these latitudes. At the core of this region near 20°S, we estimate a dust deposition flux of 0.95 g m-2 yr-1 using surface dissolved Al values as a proxy for eolian input. High resolution Fe and Al data from this section further illustrates the role of continental shelves in supplying Fe to the macronutrient rich waters of the Southern Ocean and reveals new patterns of dust deposition previously unrecognized in the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subtropical gyre.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26333139','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26333139"><span id="translatedtitle">Two deep evolutionary lineages in the circumtropical glasseye Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Teleostei, Priacanthidae) with admixture in the <span class="hlt">south</span>-western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Gaither, M R; Bernal, M A; Fernandez-Silva, I; Mwale, M; Jones, S A; Rocha, C; Rocha, L A</p> <p>2015-09-01</p> <p>A phylogeographic study of the circumtropical glasseye Heteropriacanthus cruentatus was conducted. Molecular analyses indicate two mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (coI) lineages that are 10·4% divergent: one in the western Atlantic (Caribbean) and another that was detected across the Indo-Pacific. A fixed single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was detected at a nuclear locus (S7 ribosomal protein) and is consistent with this finding. There is evidence of recent dispersal from the Atlantic to the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean with individuals of mixed lineages detected in <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa and the Mozambique Channel. Using coalescent analyses of the mitochondrial dataset, time of divergence between lineages was estimated to be c. 15·3 million years. The deep divergence between these two lineages indicates distinct evolutionary units, however, due to the lack of morphological differences and evidence of hybridization between lineages, taxonomic revision is not suggested at this time. PMID:26333139</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25607779','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25607779"><span id="translatedtitle">Coexistence of Digenic Mutations in Both Thin (TPM1) and Thick (MYH7) Filaments of Sarcomeric Genes Leads to Severe Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in a <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> FHCM.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Selvi Rani, Deepa; Nallari, Pratibha; Dhandapany, Perundurai S; Rani, Jhansi; Meraj, Khunza; Ganesan, Mala; Narasimhan, Calambur; Thangaraj, Kumarasamy</p> <p>2015-05-01</p> <p>Mutations in sarcomeric genes are the leading cause for cardiomyopathies. However, not many genetic studies have been carried out on <span class="hlt">Indian</span> cardiomyopathy patients. We performed sequence analyses of a thin filament sarcomeric gene, α-tropomyosin (TPM1), in 101 hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients and 147 dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients against 207 ethnically matched healthy controls, revealing 13 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Of these, one mutant, S215L, was identified in two unrelated HCM cases-patient #1, aged 44, and patient #2, aged 65-and was cosegregating with disease in these families as an autosomal dominant trait. In contrast, S215L was completely absent in 147 DCM and 207 controls. Patient #1 showed a more severe disease phenotype, with poor prognosis and a family history of sudden cardiac death, than patient #2. Therefore, these two patients and the family members positive for S215L were further screened for variations in MYH7, MYBPC3, TNNT2, TNNI3, MYL2, MYL3, and ACTC. Interestingly, two novel thick filaments, D896N (homozygous) and I524K (heterozygous) mutations, in the MYH7 gene were identified exclusively in patient #1 and his family members. Thus, we strongly suggest that the coexistence of these digenic mutations is rare, but leads to severe hypertrophy in a <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHCM). PMID:25607779</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015DSRI...96...49K','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015DSRI...96...49K"><span id="translatedtitle">Plasticity of trophic interactions among sharks from the oceanic <span class="hlt">south</span>-western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean revealed by stable isotope and mercury analyses</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Kiszka, Jeremy J.; Aubail, Aurore; Hussey, Nigel E.; Heithaus, Michael R.; Caurant, Florence; Bustamante, Paco</p> <p>2015-02-01</p> <p>Sharks are a major component of the top predator guild in oceanic ecosystems, but the trophic relationships of many populations remain poorly understood. We examined chemical tracers of diet and habitat (δ15N and δ13C, respectively) and total mercury (Hg) concentrations in muscle tissue of seven pelagic sharks: blue shark (Prionace glauca), short-fin mako shark (Isurus oxyrinchus), oceanic whitetip shark (Carcharhinus longimanus), scalloped hammerhead shark (Sphyrna lewini), pelagic thresher shark (Alopias pelagicus), crocodile shark (Pseudocarcharias kamoharai) and silky shark (Carcharhinus falciformis), from the data poor <span class="hlt">south</span>-western tropical <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. Minimal interspecific variation in mean δ15N values and a large degree of isotopic niche overlap - driven by high intraspecific variation in δ15N values - was observed among pelagic sharks. Similarly, δ13C values of sharks overlapped considerably for all species with the exception of P. glauca, which had more 13C-depleted values indicating possibly longer residence times in purely pelagic waters. Geographic variation in δ13C, δ15N and Hg were observed for P. glauca and I. oxyrinchus. Mean Hg levels were similar among species with the exception of P. kamoharai which had significantly higher Hg concentrations likely related to mesopelagic feeding. Hg concentrations increased with body size in I. oxyrinchus, P. glauca and C. longimanus. Values of δ15N and δ13C varied with size only in P. glauca, suggesting ontogenetic shifts in diets or habitats. Together, isotopic data indicate that - with few exceptions - variance within species in trophic interactions or foraging habitats is greater than differentiation among pelagic sharks in the <span class="hlt">south</span>-western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. Therefore, it is possible that this group exhibits some level of trophic redundancy, but further studies of diets and fine-scale habitat use are needed to fully test this hypothesis.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25771854','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25771854"><span id="translatedtitle">Reduced folate carrier-1 80G > A gene polymorphism is not associated with methotrexate treatment response in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Tamils with rheumatoid arthritis.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Muralidharan, Niveditha; Mariaselvam, Christina Mary; Cb, Mithun; Negi, Vir Singh</p> <p>2016-04-01</p> <p>Methotrexate (MTX) is the most commonly used disease-modifying drug to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Although there are no reliable molecular markers to predict the treatment response and adverse effects to MTX therapy, the polymorphisms in genes coding for MTX metabolizing enzymes and transporters may play a crucial role. The reduced folate carrier-1 (RFC-1) is a bidirectional anion exchanger which transports MTX and folinic acid. It is reported to influence MTX treatment response and adverse effects in some ethnic populations but not in others. It is also associated with susceptibility to various diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The present study was aimed at investigating the role of RFC-1 80G > A gene polymorphism in association with disease susceptibility, MTX treatment response and the MTX-induced adverse events in the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Tamil patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The RFC-1 80G > A gene polymorphism was investigated in 327 patients with RA and in 322 healthy controls by PCR-RFLP method. It was found that the heterozygous RFC-1 80 GA genotype was associated with protection against RA [p = 0.02, odds ratio (OR) 0.69, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.50-0.95]. However, it was not found to be associated with MTX treatment response. The RFC-1 G allele frequency was higher in patients with adverse effects, but the difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.08, OR 1.44, 95 % CI 0.97-2.13). RFC-1 80G > A gene polymorphism confers protection for RA. However, it is not associated with MTX treatment response and MTX-induced adverse effects in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Tamil patients with RA. PMID:25771854</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3886603','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3886603"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indian</span> Craniometric Variability and Affinities</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Raghavan, Pathmanathan; Bulbeck, David; Pathmanathan, Gayathiri; Rathee, Suresh Kanta</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Recently published craniometric and genetic studies indicate a predominantly indigenous ancestry of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> populations. We address this issue with a fuller coverage of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> craniometrics than any done before. We analyse metrical variability within <span class="hlt">Indian</span> series, <span class="hlt">Indians</span>' sexual dimorphism, differences between northern and southern <span class="hlt">Indians</span>, index-based differences of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> males from other series, and <span class="hlt">Indians</span>' multivariate affinities. The relationship between a variable's magnitude and its variability is log-linear. This relationship is strengthened by excluding cranial fractions and series with a sample size less than 30. Male crania are typically larger than female crania, but there are also shape differences. Northern <span class="hlt">Indians</span> differ from southern <span class="hlt">Indians</span> in various features including narrower orbits and less pronounced medial protrusion of the orbits. <span class="hlt">Indians</span> resemble Veddas in having small crania and similar cranial shape. <span class="hlt">Indians</span>' wider geographic affinities lie with “Caucasoid” populations to the northwest, particularly affecting northern <span class="hlt">Indians</span>. The latter finding is confirmed from shape-based Mahalanobis-D distances calculated for the best sampled male and female series. Demonstration of a distinctive <span class="hlt">South</span> Asian craniometric profile and the intermediate status of northern <span class="hlt">Indians</span> between southern <span class="hlt">Indians</span> and populations northwest of India confirm the predominantly indigenous ancestry of northern and especially southern <span class="hlt">Indians</span>. PMID:24455409</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=356921','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=356921"><span id="translatedtitle">The prevalence, patterns of usage and people's attitude towards complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> community in Chatsworth, <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Singh, Vimal; Raidoo, Deshandra M; Harries, Catherine S</p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>Background The purpose of this study was to determine, among the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> community of Chatsworth, <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa, the prevalence and utilisation patterns of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), attitudes associated with CAM use and communication patterns of CAM users with their primary care doctors. Methods Face-to-face structured interviews were conducted in Chatsworth, a suburb of Durban in which <span class="hlt">South</span> Africans of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> origin predominantly reside. Participants were 200 randomly selected adult English-speaking <span class="hlt">Indian</span> residents. Results The prevalence of CAM usage for period 2000/2001 was 38.5% (95% confidence interval 31.7% to 45.6%). Spiritual healing and herbal/natural medicines, including vitamins were the most common types of CAM used, accounting for 42.8% and 48.1% respectively of overall CAM usage. People used CAM to treat conditions including diabetes mellitus, headaches, arthritis and joint pains, stress, skin disorders, backaches, hypertension and nasal disorders. Half of the CAM users used allopathic medicines concurrently. The cost of CAM utilization over this 1-year period, incurred by 80.5% of users for the duration of therapy for their most troublesome condition was below R500 (approximately US$50). Age, sex, marital status, religion, level of education and income were shown not to influence the use of CAM. Greater than half (51.9%) of CAM users did so either upon the advice of someone they knew, or after noticing a CAM advertisement in the local press. Seventy-nine percent of CAM users indicated that they had positive outcomes with their treatments. Fifty four percent of CAM users (excluding those using spiritual healing only) failed to inform their doctors that they used CAM. The main reason given by half of this group was that informing their doctors did not seem necessary. Conclusion The prevalence of CAM in Chatsworth is similar to findings in other parts of the world. Although CAM was used to treat many different ailments, this practice could not be attributed to any particular demographic profile. The majority of CAM users were satisfied with the effects of CAM. Findings support a need for greater integration of allopathic medicine and CAM, as well as improved communication between patients and caregivers regarding CAM usage. PMID:15018622</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016MAP...128..131S','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016MAP...128..131S"><span id="translatedtitle">Prediction of daily modes of <span class="hlt">South</span> Asian monsoon variability and its association with <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and Pacific Ocean SST in the NCEP CFS V2</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Shahi, Namendra Kumar; Rai, Shailendra; Pandey, D. K.</p> <p>2016-02-01</p> <p>The prediction capability of daily modes of variability for <span class="hlt">South</span> Asian monsoon from climate forecast system version 2 of national centers for environmental prediction with respect to observed precipitation has been assessed. The space-time structure of the daily modes for summer monsoon rainfall has been identified by using multi-channel singular spectrum analysis (MSSA). The MSSA is applied on daily anomalies of rainfall data over the <span class="hlt">South</span> Asian monsoon region (40°E-160°E, 30°S-35°N) for the period of 2001-2013 with a lag window of 61 days for June-July-August-September season. The broad spectrum around 45 and 50 days was obtained from the observed and model data during the time domain of our study. The space-time structure of the modes obtained from the model shows good resemblance with respect to the observation. The observed northeastward propagation of oscillatory mode is well simulated by the model. The significant improvement in the space-time structure, period of oscillation, and propagation of oscillatory modes was found in the model. The observed connectivity of oscillatory and persisting modes with the sea surface temperature of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and Pacific Ocean has also been investigated and it was found that the model is able to predict it reasonably well.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011ESRv..107..107C','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011ESRv..107..107C"><span id="translatedtitle">Expanding the proxy toolkit to help identify past events — Lessons from the 2004 <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean Tsunami and the 2009 <span class="hlt">South</span> Pacific Tsunami</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Chagué-Goff, Catherine; Schneider, Jean-Luc; Goff, James R.; Dominey-Howes, Dale; Strotz, Luke</p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>Some of the proxies used to identify palaeotsunamis are reviewed in light of new findings following the 2004 <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean Tsunami and the 2009 <span class="hlt">South</span> Pacific Tsunami, and a revised toolkit provided. The new application of anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) to the study of tsunami deposits and its usefulness to determine the hydrodynamic conditions during the emplacement of tsunami sequences, together with data from grain size analysis, are presented. The value of chemical proxies as indicators of saltwater inundation, associated marine shell and/or coral, high-energy depositional environment, and possible contamination, is demonstrated and issues of preservation addressed. We also provide new findings from detailed studies of heavy minerals. New information gathered during the UNESCO — International Oceanographic Commission (IOC) International Tsunami Survey of fine onshore sediments following the 2009 <span class="hlt">South</span> Pacific Tsunami is presented, and includes grain size, chemical, diatom and foraminifera data. The tsunami deposit varied, ranging from fining-upward sand layers to thin sand layers overlain by a thick layer of organic debris and/or a mud cap. Grain size characteristics, chemical data and microfossil assemblages provide evidence for marine inundation from near shore, and changes in flow dynamics during the tsunami.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/4113872','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/4113872"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">CASTING</span> FURNACES</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Ruppel, R.H.; Winters, C.E.</p> <p>1961-01-01</p> <p>A device is described for <span class="hlt">casting</span> uranium which comprises a crucible, a rotatable table holding a plurality of molds, and a shell around both the crucible and the table. The bottom of the crucible has an eccentrically arranged pouring hole aligned with one of the molds at a time. The shell can be connected with a vacuum.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=molding&pg=6&id=EJ233507','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=molding&pg=6&id=EJ233507"><span id="translatedtitle">Paper <span class="hlt">Casting</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Arrasjid, Dorine A.</p> <p>1980-01-01</p> <p>Describes an art project, based on the work of artist Chew Teng Beng, in the molding of wet paper on a plaster <span class="hlt">cast</span> to create embossed paper designs. The values of such a project are outlined, including a note that its tactile approach makes it suitable to visually handicapped students. (SJL)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED242142.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED242142.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Project <span class="hlt">CAST</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Charles County Board of Education, La Plata, MD. Office of Special Education.</p> <p></p> <p>The document outlines procedures for implementing Project <span class="hlt">CAST</span> (Community and School Together), a community-based career education program for secondary special education students in Charles County, Maryland. Initial sections discuss the role of a learning coordinator, (including relevant travel reimbursement and mileage forms) and an overview of…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26798241','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26798241"><span id="translatedtitle">Revision of the West <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Wattius Kaszab (Tenebrionidae, Toxicini, Eudysantina) with lectotype designations for Pascoe's <span class="hlt">South</span> American species.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Smith, Aaron D; Sanchez, Lucio A</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>The Wattius species occurring in the West Indies are revised for the first time. Wattius cucullatus (Pascoe), previously reported from Cuba, is diagnosed and restricted to Brazil. Wattius asperulus (Pascoe), currently a synonym of Wattius cucullatus, from Colombia is diagnosed and resurrected. All species found in the West Indies are endemic to the islands and form a single informal species-group. Three species are described: Wattius andersoni sp. n. from Cuba, Wattius emmabaconae sp. n. from Hispaniola (Dominican Republic), and Wattius viatorus sp. n. from Cuba and the Bahamas, and lectotypes are designated for Calymmus cucullatus Pascoe and Calymmus asperulus Pascoe. A key to the West <span class="hlt">Indian</span> species is provided. PMID:26798241</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4287758','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4287758"><span id="translatedtitle">Association of depression with common carotid artery intima media thickness and augmentation index in a large Urban <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population- The Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study (CURES - 138)</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Poongothai, Subramani; Pradeepa, Rajendra; Indulekha, Karunakaran; Surendar, Jayagopi; Mohan, Viswanathan</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the relationship of depression with carotid intima media thickness and augmentation index in Asian <span class="hlt">Indians</span>. Research Design and Methods: For this study, 1505 subjects were randomly selected from a population based study conducted in Chennai, <span class="hlt">South</span> India. Right common carotid artery intima medial thickness [IMT] was determined using high-resolution B-mode ultrasonography. Augmentation index [AI] was measured using the Sphygmocor apparatus. Depressive symptoms were assessed using a previously validated instrument, the Patient Health Questionnaire -12 (PHQ -12). Results: Of the 1505 subjects included in this study, depressive symptoms were present in 16.6% (n = 250) of the subjects. The mean IMT and AI values among subjects with depression were significantly higher than those without depression [0.83 ± 0.43 mm vs 0.73 ± 0.12 mm, P < 0.001] and IMT was higher in females with depression while AI was higher in males with depression. However, both IMT and AI were higher among those with depression in both genders. In multiple logistic regression model, depressive symptoms were associated with IMT even after adjusting for age, gender, body mass index, fasting plasma glucose, serum cholesterol and hypertension (Odds ratio [OR] =2.17, 95% Confidence intervals [CI]:1.01- 4.63, P = 0.047) but in the case of AI, the significance was lost in the adjusted model (OR = 1.01, 95% CI: 0.991-1.02, P = 0.445). Conclusion: Among Asian <span class="hlt">Indians</span>, presence of depressive symptoms was associated with carotid intima media thickness and Augmentation index, even after adjusting for potential confounders. PMID:25593841</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");'>8</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li class="active"><span>10</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_10 --> <div id="page_11" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li class="active"><span>11</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="201"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3713478','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3713478"><span id="translatedtitle">Correlates of anaemia in pregnant urban <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> women: a possible role of dietary intake of nutrients that inhibit iron absorption</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Samuel, Tinu Mary; Thomas, Tinku; Finkelstein, Julia; Bosch, Ronald; Rajendran, Ramya; Virtanen, Suvi M; Srinivasan, Krishnamachari; Kurpad, Anura V; Duggan, Christopher</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Objective To identify correlates of anaemia during the first trimester of pregnancy among 366 urban <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> pregnant women. Design Cross-sectional study evaluating demographic, socio-economic, anthropometric and dietary intake data on haematological outcomes. Setting A government maternity health-care centre catering predominantly to the needs of pregnant women from the lower socio-economic strata of urban Bangalore. Subjects Pregnant women (n 366) aged ≥18 and ≤40 years, who registered for antenatal screening at ≤14 weeks of gestation. Results Mean age was 22.6 (SD 3.4) years, mean BMI was 20.4 (SD 3.3) kg/m2 and 236 (64.5%) of the pregnant women were primiparous. The prevalence of anaemia (Hb <11.0g/dl) was 30.3% and of microcytic anaemia (anaemia with mean corpuscular volume <80fl) 20.2%. Mean dietary intakes of energy, Ca, Fe and folate were well below the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> RDA. In multivariable log-binomial regression analysis, anaemia was independently associated with high dietary intakes of Ca (relative risk; 95% CI: 1.79; 1.16, 2.76) and P (1.96; 1.31, 2.96) and high intake of meat, fish and poultry (1.94; 1.29, 2.91). Conclusions Low dietary intake of multiple micronutrients, but higher intakes of nutrients that inhibit Fe absorption such as Ca and P, may help explain high rates of maternal anaemia in India. PMID:22575487</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1082351','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1082351"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Casting</span> methods</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Marsden, Kenneth C.; Meyer, Mitchell K.; Grover, Blair K.; Fielding, Randall S.; Wolfensberger, Billy W.</p> <p>2012-12-18</p> <p>A <span class="hlt">casting</span> device includes a covered crucible having a top opening and a bottom orifice, a lid covering the top opening, a stopper rod sealing the bottom orifice, and a reusable mold having at least one chamber, a top end of the chamber being open to and positioned below the bottom orifice and a vacuum tap into the chamber being below the top end of the chamber. A <span class="hlt">casting</span> method includes charging a crucible with a solid material and covering the crucible, heating the crucible, melting the material, evacuating a chamber of a mold to less than 1 atm absolute through a vacuum tap into the chamber, draining the melted material into the evacuated chamber, solidifying the material in the chamber, and removing the solidified material from the chamber without damaging the chamber.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4714051','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4714051"><span id="translatedtitle">Revision of the West <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Wattius Kaszab (Tenebrionidae, Toxicini, Eudysantina) with lectotype designations for Pascoe’s <span class="hlt">South</span> American species</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Smith, Aaron D.; Sanchez, Lucio A.</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Abstract The Wattius species occurring in the West Indies are revised for the first time. Wattius cucullatus (Pascoe), previously reported from Cuba, is diagnosed and restricted to Brazil. Wattius asperulus (Pascoe), currently a synonym of Wattius cucullatus, from Colombia is diagnosed and resurrected. All species found in the West Indies are endemic to the islands and form a single informal species-group. Three species are described: Wattius andersoni sp. n. from Cuba, Wattius emmabaconae sp. n. from Hispaniola (Dominican Republic), and Wattius viatorus sp. n. from Cuba and the Bahamas, and lectotypes are designated for Calymmus cucullatus Pascoe and Calymmus asperulus Pascoe. A key to the West <span class="hlt">Indian</span> species is provided. PMID:26798241</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/4284273','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/4284273"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">CASTING</span> APPARATUS</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Gray, C.F.; Thompson, R.H.</p> <p>1958-09-23</p> <p>An apparatus is described for <span class="hlt">casting</span> small quantities of uranlum. It consists of a crucible having a hole in the bottom with a mold positioned below. A vertical rcd passes through the hole in the crucible and has at its upper end a piercing head adapted to break the oxide skin encasing a molten uranium body. An air tight cylinder surrounds the crucible and mold, and is arranged to be evacuated.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012SPIE.8535E..0BP','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012SPIE.8535E..0BP"><span id="translatedtitle">GPS derived spatial ionospheric total electron content variation over <span class="hlt">South-Indian</span> latitudes during intense geomagnetic storms</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Panda, Sampad K.; Gedam, Shirishkumar S.</p> <p>2012-10-01</p> <p>The geomagnetic storms are turbulence in geomagnetic field when interplanetary magnetic field driven by solar wind move southward and continue for extended period of time. Although these occur less frequently, but may energize ionospheric electrons and particles adversely affecting ground- and space-based electronic systems. Ionosphere at higher latitude is more prone to geomagnetic storms. Over lower latitude region like <span class="hlt">Indian</span> sub-continent, the effect is less prominent but still can exhibit many distinctive effects like scintillations, equatorial ionization anomaly, fountain effect and equatorial electrojets. The increased numbers of free electrons in ionosphere introduce delays in global positioning system (GPS) satellite signals resulting in errors during GPS positioning. In a dual frequency GPS receiver, the line integral of free electron density along the pathway of signal through the ionosphere (i.e., Total Electron Content, TEC) can be measured. In this present paper, GPS observation data of three low latitude GPS stations in India located at Bangalore, Hyderabad and Mumbai during four severe geomagnetic storms from 2003-2005, are processed to measure ionospheric TEC during the events. The measured TEC at each of the station is compared with quietest days of the months to investigate its abnormal changes in responses to severe geomagnetic storms. The consequences of TEC variation is analyzed and correlated with interplanetary magnetic field (IMF-Bz), geomagnetic Kp and Dst-indices to study its behavioral changes during the storms. Eventually the aim of the study is to estimate the influence of ionospheric condition on GPS positioning to devise suitable method for accurate position measurements in the low latitude <span class="hlt">Indian</span> region.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015ClDy...45..989M','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015ClDy...45..989M"><span id="translatedtitle">The ocean-atmosphere response to wind-induced thermocline changes in the tropical <span class="hlt">South</span> Western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Manola, Iris; Selten, F. M.; de Ruijter, W. P. M.; Hazeleger, W.</p> <p>2015-08-01</p> <p>In the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean basin the sea surface temperatures (SSTs) are most sensitive to changes in the oceanic depth of the thermocline in the region of the Seychelles Dome. Observational studies have suggested that the strong SST variations in this region influence the atmospheric evolution around the basin, while its impact could extend far into the Pacific and the extra-tropics. Here we study the adjustments of the coupled atmosphere-ocean system to a winter shallow doming event using dedicated ensemble simulations with the state-of-the-art EC-Earth climate model. The doming creates an equatorial Kelvin wave and a pair of westward moving Rossby waves, leading to higher SST 1-2 months later in the Western equatorial <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. Atmospheric convection is strengthened and the Walker circulation responds with reduced convection over Indonesia and cooling of the SST in that region. The Pacific warm pool convection shifts eastward and an oceanic Kelvin wave is triggered at thermocline depth. The wave leads to an SST warming in the East Equatorial Pacific 5-6 months after the initiation of the Seychelles Dome event. The atmosphere responds to this warming with weak anomalous atmospheric convection. The changes in the upper tropospheric divergence in this sequence of events create large-scale Rossby waves that propagate away from the tropics along the atmospheric waveguides. We suggest to repeat these types of experiments with other models to test the robustness of the results. We also suggest to create the doming event in June so that the East-Pacific warming occurs in November when the atmosphere is most sensitive to SST anomalies and El Niño could possibly be triggered by the doming event under suitable conditions.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26249924','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26249924"><span id="translatedtitle">A new species of Simulium (Gomphostilbia) (Diptera: Simuliidae) from <span class="hlt">South</span> India, with keys to <span class="hlt">Indian</span> members of the subgenus Gomphostilbia.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Anbalagan, Sankarappan; Balachandran, Chellapandian; Prasanna, Vimalanathan Arun; Kannan, Mani; Dinakaran, Sundaram; Krishnan, Muthukalingan</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>A new black fly species, Simulium (Gomphostilbia) cauveryense sp. n., is described based on adult female, adult male, pupal and larval specimens collected from Kushalanagar, Karnataka, <span class="hlt">South</span> India. This new species is placed in the decuplum subgroup of the batoense species-group within the subgenus Gomphostilbia. Keys to the species of the subgenus Gomphostilbia reported from India are provided for females, males, pupae and mature larvae. PMID:26249924</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4513186','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4513186"><span id="translatedtitle">Genotyping and meta-analysis of KIF6 Trp719Arg polymorphism in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Coronary Artery Disease patients: A case–control study</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Vishnuprabu, Durairajpandian; Geetha, Subramanian; Bhaskar, Lakkakula V.K.S.; Mahapatra, Nitish R.; Munirajan, Arasambattu K.</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>The KIF6 719Arg allele is an interesting genomic variant widely screened in various populations and is reported to be associated with the risk of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) and statin treatment outcome. Recent population based clinical studies and large-scale meta-analyses pondered over the role of 719Arg variant in CAD risk and treatment response. We screened the KIF6 Trp719Arg polymorphism (rs20455) in <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> CAD patients in a case–control approach. A total of 1042 samples (510 CAD patients and 532 controls) were screened for the KIF6 Trp719Arg SNP by TaqMan SNP genotyping assay, followed by meta-analysis of the genotype data of non-Europeans reports. The 719Arg risk genotype (GG) was observed in 29.6% of CAD cases and in 30.1% of controls with an odds ratio (OR) of 1.07 (95% CI: 0.76–1.50), p value = 0.709. No significant difference in the genotype frequency was observed between CAD and controls in both dominant model (AG + GG vs AA) and allelic model (719Arg vs 719Trp) with an OR of 1.11 (p = 0.491) and 1.03 (p = 0.767), respectively. The covariate analysis indicated that smoking & alcohol consumption increased the risk for MI among CAD patients. Meta-analysis showed that the KIF6 719Arg allele is not associated with CAD risk in both fixed effect (p = 0.515, OR = 1.023, 95% CI = 0.956–1.094) and random effect (p = 0.547, OR = 1.022, 95% CI = 0.953–1.096). The symmetrical shape of the Egger's funnel plots revealed that there is no publication bias. These results suggest that there is no association of KIF6 719Arg allele with CAD risk in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population and the meta-analysis confirms the same among non-European population. PMID:26236646</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014AGUFMPP34A..07B','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014AGUFMPP34A..07B"><span id="translatedtitle">Late Holocene <span class="hlt">South</span> American and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> summer monsoon variability: Assessing the regional significance of the Medieval Climate Anomaly and Little Ice Age</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Bird, B. W.; Rudloff, O. M.; Escobar, J.; Polissar, P. J.; Steinman, B. A.; Thompson, L. G.; Yao, T.</p> <p>2014-12-01</p> <p>The response of Earth's major climate systems to natural forcings during the last 2000 years can provide valuable insight into the affect that ongoing climate change may have on these systems. Understanding the relationship between temperature, monsoonal hydroclimate and radiative forcing is of particular interest because hydrologic responses in these systems have the ability to impact over half of the global population. Here, late Holocene variability in the <span class="hlt">South</span> American and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> summer monsoon regions is examined using sedimentological, geochemical and isotopic proxies from high altitude lake sediment archives from the Colombian Andes and the southeastern Tibetan Plateau. New results from Laguna de Ubaque, a small moraine dammed lake at 2060 m ASL in the Eastern Cordillera of the Colombian Andes, suggest a reduction in Andean <span class="hlt">South</span> American summer monsoon (SASM) rainfall during the Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA; 900 to 1200 CE) that is consistent with other records from the Andes. During the Little Ice Age (LIA; 1450 to 1900 CE), Ubaque shows wet conditions between 1450 and 1600 CE and drier conditions from1600 to 1900 CE. This pattern is similar to accumulation at the Quelccaya Ice Cap, but differs from ice core, speleothem and lake sediment oxygen isotope records of synoptic-scale monsoonal precipitation, suggesting that Andean rainfall anomalies may have differed from upstream monsoonal trends over the Amazon. In contrast, results from Badi Namco and Paru Co on the southeastern Tibetan Plateau suggest that the MCA and LIA were relatively minor hydroclimate events superimposed on a larger millennial scale variation in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> summer monsoon precipitation (1200 to 200 cal yr B.P.) that was associated with changes in the position of the ITCZ, surface air temperature over the Tibetan Plateau and sea surface temperatures in the western tropical Pacific. The unique hydroclimate variations in the ISM and SASM regions supports the idea that while spatially extensive, the MCA and LIA had heterogeneous global expressions and that local factors played an important role in the regional expressions of these events. Analysis of Last Millennium simulations from the CMIP5 ensemble support inferences derived from proxy records and provide further insight into variability in global monsoonal systems.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24871163','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24871163"><span id="translatedtitle">Zebragryllus Desutter-Grandcolas & Cadena-<span class="hlt">Caste</span>ñada, n.gen. a new Gryllinae genus from Eastern and Western Amazonia, <span class="hlt">South</span> America (Orthoptera, Grylloidea, Gryllidae).</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Desutter-Grandcolas, Laure; Cadena-Castañeda, Oscar J; Jaiswara, Ranjana; Anso, Jeremy</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>We describe a new genus of grylline cricket, Zebragryllus Desutter-Grandcolas & Cadena-<span class="hlt">Caste</span>ñada n. gen., from the Neotropical Region, using characters of morphology and male genitalia; genitalic characters clearly show that Zebragryllus n. gen. is closely related to Anurogryllus Saussure, 1878. Six species are described as new to science, origina<a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1463-6409.2003.00142.x">t</a>ing from western (Peru, Colombia) and eastern (French Guiana) Amazonia: Zebragryllus fuscus Desutter-Grandcolas, n. sp., Z. guianensis Desutter-Grandcolas, n. sp., Z. intermedius Desutter-Grandcolas, n. sp., Zebragryllus nauta Desutter-Grandcolas, n. sp., Zebragryllus nouragui Desutter-Grandcolas, n. sp., and Zebragryllus wittoto Desutter-Grandcolas and Cadena-<span class="hlt">Caste</span>ñada, n. sp., type species of the genus. They are characterized by their size, coloration (shining black, most often with white patterns of coloration, hence the genus name), and male and female genitalia. The calling songs of Z. guianensis Desutter-Grandcolas, n. sp., Z. intermedius Desutter-Grandcolas, n. sp., Z. nouragui Desutter-Grandcolas, n. sp., and Z. wittoto Desutter-Grandcolas and Cadena-<span class="hlt">Caste</span>ñada, n. sp. are described. An identification key is proposed for both males and females. PMID:24871163</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4606378','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4606378"><span id="translatedtitle">A Common SNP of IL-10 (-1082A/G) is Associated With Increased Risk of Premenopausal Breast Cancer in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Women</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Vinod, Cingeetham; Jyothy, Akka; Vijay kumar, Malladi; Raman, Ramaiyer Raghu; Nallari, Pratibha; Venkateshwari, Ananthapur</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Background: Evading the immune destruction and angiogenesis has been the two hallmarks of cancer. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a cytokine with immune suppressing (pro-tumorigenic) and anti-angiogenic (anti-tumorigenic) properties, thus making the role of IL-10 in tumorigenesis enigmatic. Previous studies have suggested a critical role of IL10 altered expression in complex process of tumor-microenvironment, co-evolution and tumorigenesis. Objectives: Evaluating the role of IL10 (-1082A/G) gene promoter polymorphism in breast cancer patients from <span class="hlt">South</span> India. Patients and Methods: A case-control study was conducted with a total of 285 individuals, these include 125 histologically confirmed breast cancer patients and 160 age and sex matched controls. Genotypes were determined by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR), followed by agarose gel electrophoresis. Statistical analysis was done to test the significance of results obtained. Results: Statistical analysis revealed that AA genotype of the Il-10 -1082A/G polymorphism is significantly associated with breast cancer (AA vs. AG: ?2 = 14.46, P = 0.0001432, OR = 2.854, 95% CI = 1.68 - 4.849). Up on stratifying subjects based on cancer stage, age at onset, menopausal status, AA genotype has associated with all the sub groups, except for post-menopausal women. There was no significant association which was observed with respected to hormonal status (ER, PR) and Her2/neu status. Conclusions: The present study suggests that IL-10 AA genotype as a risk factor in the etiology of breast cancer in the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population. PMID:26478792</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4792013','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4792013"><span id="translatedtitle">Technetium uptake predicts remission and relapse in Grave's disease patients on antithyroid drugs for at least 1 year in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subjects</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Singhal, Neha; Praveen, V. P.; Bhavani, Nisha; Menon, Arun S.; Menon, Usha; Abraham, Nithya; Kumar, Harish; JayKumar, R. V.; Nair, Vasantha; Sundaram, Shanmugha; Sundaram, Padma</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>Context: Most of the information on remission related factors in Grave's disease are derived from Western literature. It is likely that there may be additional prognostic factors and differences in the postdrug treatment course of Grave's disease in India. Aim: To study factors which predict remission/relapse in Grave's disease patients from <span class="hlt">South</span> India. Also to establish if technetium (Tc) uptake has a role in predicting remission. Subjects and Methods: Records of 174 patients with clinical, biochemical, and scintigraphic criteria consistent with Grave's disease, seen in our Institution between January 2006 and 2014 were analyzed. Patient factors, drug-related factors, Tc-99m uptake and other clinical factors were compared between the remission and nonremission groups. Statistical Analysis Used: Mann–Whitney U-test and Chi-square tests were used when appropriate to compare the groups. Results: Fifty-seven (32.7%) patients attained remission after at least 1 year of thionamide therapy. Of these, 11 (19.2%) patients relapsed within 1 year. Age, gender, goiter, and presence of extrathyroidal manifestations were not associated with remission. Higher values of Tc uptake were positively associated with remission (P- 0.02). Time to achievement of normal thyroid function and composite dose: Time scores were significantly associated with remission (P - 0.05 and P - 0.01, respectively). Patients with lower FT4 at presentation had a higher chance of remission (P - 0.01). The relapse rates were lower than previously reported in the literature. A higher Tc uptake was found to be significantly associated with relapse also (P - 0.009). Conclusion: The prognostic factors associated with remission in Graves's disease in this <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> study are not the same as that reported in Western literature. Tc scintigraphy may have an additional role in identifying people who are likely to undergo remission and thus predict the outcome of Grave's disease. PMID:27042408</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=life+AND+pan&pg=4&id=ED048984','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=life+AND+pan&pg=4&id=ED048984"><span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Heritage of America.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Josephy, Alvin M., Jr.</p> <p></p> <p>In this book nominated for the National Book Award, the author presents the past, present, and future of the <span class="hlt">Indians</span> of North, Central, and <span class="hlt">South</span> America with current archaeological findings which add to the knowledge about <span class="hlt">Indians</span>. As noted, the volume contains information from the works of a large number of people who, since the time of…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26867291','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26867291"><span id="translatedtitle">Seat Belt Usage Interventions for Motor Vehicle Crash Prevention on the Pine Ridge <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation, <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Amiotte, Joseph; Balanay, Jo Anne; Humphrey, Charles</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>Motor vehicle crashes (MVC) are the leading cause of death from severe injuries on the Pine Ridge <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation (PRIR), averaging 16 MVC deaths per year from 2002 to 2011. The Sacred Cargo Coalition was established in PRIR in 2007 to implement intervention strategies to increase seat belt usage and reduce MVC fatalities, including seat belt law enforcement, creating a traffic court system, and educational campaigns on MVC prevention. The study described in this article examined the effectiveness of the interventions on increasing the seat belt usage rates and reducing MVC deaths. Secondary data were collected from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and other federal and local agencies. Seat belt usage rates increased an average of 6.8 percentage points from 2007 (10%) to 2012 (44%). MVC fatalities decreased by 46.7% from the preintervention to the intervention period. Maintenance and improvement of the intervention strategies may be achieved by seeking additional funding and including appropriate engineering activities in PRIR. PMID:26867291</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2990306','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2990306"><span id="translatedtitle">Guild structure, diversity and succession of dung beetles associated with <span class="hlt">Indian</span> elephant dung in <span class="hlt">South</span> Western Ghats forests</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Sabu, Thomas K.; Vinod, K. V.; Vineesh, P. J.</p> <p>2006-01-01</p> <p>The diversity, guild structure and succession of dung beetles associated with <span class="hlt">Indian</span> elephant dung is described in a deciduous forest site in Western Ghats, a hot spot of diversity in India. Dung beetles were collected using baited pitfall traps and from exposed dung pats in the forest at intervals of 1, 3, 5, 7, 15 and 21 days. Twenty-one dung beetle species belonging to the 3 major functional guilds were recorded. Abundance of dwellers was high compared to rollers deviating from earlier reports on the high abundance of rollers in the afrotropical regions. Dweller Drepanocerus setosus and tunneler Onthophagus bronzeus were the most abundant species. Dung pats aged 3–5 days attracted the highest abundance of dung beetles. Bray Curtis similarity index indicated low community similarity between different stages of succession. Species richness and abundance of tunnelers increased with dung age and decreasing moisture up to a threshold level, followed by a decrease. Rollers and dwellers did not show any significant relationship with dung moisture content. Further research is needed to estimate the dung beetle community associated with the dung pats of other mega herbivores as well as of elephant dung in other forests of the Western Ghats. PMID:19537983</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17287626','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17287626"><span id="translatedtitle">Hyperhomocysteinemia and the compound heterozygous state for methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase are independent risk factors for deep vein thrombosis among <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indians</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Naushad, Sm; Jamal, Nurul Jain; Angalena, R; Prasad, C Krishna; Devi, A Radha Rama</p> <p>2007-03-01</p> <p>To investigate the role of methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) (677 C-->T and 1298 A-->C), factor V (1691 G-->A), factor II (20210 G-->A) genetic polymorphisms and hyperhomocysteinemia in the aetiology of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in 163 cases and 163 controls. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism was used for genotyping, reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography for plasma homocysteine, and Student's t-test and Fisher exact tests were used for statistical analysis. Elevated mean plasma homocysteine levels were observed in DVT cases irrespective of gender differences. Homocysteine elevation above the 95th percentile of the control group associated with 9.4-fold and 7.6-fold increased risk for DVT in men and women, respectively. Genotyping showed the MTHFR 677CT/1298AC genotype (i.e. compound heterozygosity) is associated with 3.5-fold risk for thrombosis. The factor V Leiden mutation frequency was higher in DVT cases, but not statistically significant; however, genetic predisposition to this mutation was associated with early age of DVT onset. Factor II mutation was absent in cases and controls. Co-segregation of two or more risk factors was associated with 11.7-fold increased risk for thrombosis. This study projects that hyperhomocysteinemia and compound heterozygous state for MTHFR are independent risk factors for DVT among <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indians</span>. PMID:17287626</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25839996','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25839996"><span id="translatedtitle">Determining the probiotic potential of cholesterol-reducing Lactobacillus and Weissella strains isolated from gherkins (fermented cucumber) and <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> fermented koozh.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Anandharaj, Marimuthu; Sivasankari, Balayogan; Santhanakaruppu, Rajendran; Manimaran, Muthusamy; Rani, Rizwana Parveen; Sivakumar, Subramaniyan</p> <p>2015-06-01</p> <p>This study sought to evaluate the probiotic potential of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from traditionally fermented <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> koozh and gherkin (cucumber). A total of 51 LAB strains were isolated, among which four were identified as Lactobacillus spp. and three as Weissella spp. The strains were screened for their probiotic potential. All isolated Lactobacillus and Weissella strains were capable of surviving under low pH and bile salt conditions. GI9 and FKI21 were able to survive at pH 2.0 and 0.50% bile salt for 3 h without losing their viability. All LAB strains exhibited inhibitory activity against tested pathogens and were able to deconjugate bile salt. Higher deconjugation was observed in the presence of sodium glycocholate (P < 0.05). Strain FKI21 showed maximum auto-aggregation (79%) and co-aggregation with Escherichia coli MTCC 1089 (68%). Exopolysaccharide production of LAB strains ranged from 68.39 to 127.12 mg/L (P < 0.05). Moreover, GI9 (58.08 μg/ml) and FKI21 (56.25 μg/ml) exhibited maximum cholesterol reduction with bile salts. 16S rRNA sequencing confirmed GI9 and FKI21 as Lactobacillus crispatus and Weissella koreensis, respectively. This is the first study to report isolation of W. koreensis FKI21 from fermented koozh and demonstrates its cholesterol-reducing potential. PMID:25839996</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19469636','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19469636"><span id="translatedtitle">CYP17 (T34C), CYP19 (Trp39Arg), and FGFR2 (C906T) polymorphisms and the risk of breast cancer in <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> women.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Samson, Mani; Rama, Ranganathan; Swaminathan, Rajaraman; Sridevi, Veluswami; Nancy, Karunakaran Nirmala; Rajkumar, Thangarajan</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>Breast cancer is initiated by exposure to endogenous and exogenous estrogens. A case-control (n= 250-500) study was undertaken to investigate the role of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNP's) in CYP17 (T34C), CYP19 (Trp39Arg) and FGFR2(C906T). Genotyping was done using the Taqman allelic discrimination assay for CYP17 (T34C) and FGFR2 (T906C) and PCR-CTPP for CYP19 (Trp39Arg). There was a significant protective association of the (TT/CC) genotype of the CYP17 gene against the risk of developing breast cancer (OR= 0.68, 95% CI: 0.49-0.96), which was more significant in postmenopausal women (OR= 0.56, 95% CI: 0.35-0.89) (p= 0.015). CYP19 (Trp39Arg) is a rare polymorphism and all the cases were homozygous for the wild type Trp allele (100%); this was also the case for 99.2% of the controls. We were unable to detect any variant form of the CYP19 gene in <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> women. There was no significant association between the risk of breast cancer and FGFR2 (C906T). These results suggest that the CYP17 TT/CC genotype is associated with decreased risk for breast cancer, especially in post menopausal women. PMID:19469636</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4092079','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4092079"><span id="translatedtitle">Association of Inflammatory Sialoproteins, Lipid Peroxides and Serum Magnesium Levels with Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Obese Children of <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Population</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Niranjan, G.; Anitha, D.; Srinivasan, A. R.; Velu, V. Kuzhandai; Venkatesh, C.; Babu, M. Sathish; Ramesh, R.; Saha, S.</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>The Incidence of childhood obesity and metabolic syndrome is increasing even in rural and semi-urban regions of India. Adipose tissue mass secretes several inflammatory proteins, which could potentially alter the metabolic processes, leading to several complications at the later stages of life. With limited studies on protein bound sialic acid (PBSA) as a marker of oxidative stress mediated inflammation in obese children, this study was aimed to assess and correlate PBSA with lipid peroxidation and other cardiometabolic risk factors like Insulin Resistance (IR), serum magnesium, and high sensitive C reactive Protein (hsCRP) levels in order to provide an insight into the degree of systemic inflammation and oxidative stress. This study included 62 obese children (?95% percentile of the CDC chart) and 60 non obese controls. This study documents significant higher levels of PBSA, IR, Malondialdehyde (MDA), hsCRP and uric acid in obese children (p<0.001). PBSA was associated with IR, hsCRP, uric acid, hypomagnesaemia. Higher degrees of oxidative stress, Insulin resistance and low serum magnesium levels were noted in obese children. PBSA and hsCRP levels were elevated and were associated with Insulin resistance in obese children of <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population. PMID:25018680</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1021891','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1021891"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Casting</span> materials</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Chaudhry, Anil R.; Dzugan, Robert; Harrington, Richard M.; Neece, Faurice D.; Singh, Nipendra P.</p> <p>2011-06-14</p> <p>A foam material comprises a liquid polymer and a liquid isocyanate which is mixed to make a solution that is poured, injected or otherwise deposited into a corresponding mold. A reaction from the mixture of the liquid polymer and liquid isocyanate inside the mold forms a thermally collapsible foam structure having a shape that corresponds to the inside surface configuration of the mold and a skin that is continuous and unbroken. Once the reaction is complete, the foam pattern is removed from the mold and may be used as a pattern in any number of conventional <span class="hlt">casting</span> processes.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");'>9</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li class="active"><span>11</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_11 --> <div id="page_12" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li class="active"><span>12</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="221"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1984STIN...8521409S','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1984STIN...8521409S"><span id="translatedtitle">Steel <span class="hlt">castings</span> by the electroslag <span class="hlt">casting</span> technique</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Sikka, V. K.; Mitchell, A.</p> <p>1984-10-01</p> <p>Electroslag <span class="hlt">casting</span> facilities in Canada and the United States were reviewed. Several value body <span class="hlt">castings</span> of 2 1/4 Cr-1 Mo, 9 Cr-1 Mo, and 18% Cr-8% Ni (Mo) steels were made at the University of British Columbia facility. These <span class="hlt">castings</span> were examined for surface finish, chemical segregation, and macrostructure in the as-<span class="hlt">cast</span> condition and after various heat treatments. <span class="hlt">Castings</span> were subjected to tensile, charpy impact, and creep testing. Results of these tests were compared with similar data on wrought material and where applicable, with data on sand <span class="hlt">castings</span>.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6401993','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6401993"><span id="translatedtitle">Steel <span class="hlt">castings</span> by the electroslag <span class="hlt">casting</span> technique</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Sikka, V.K.; Mitchell, A.</p> <p>1984-10-01</p> <p>Electroslag <span class="hlt">casting</span> facilities in Canada and the United States were reviewed. Several valve body <span class="hlt">castings</span> of 2 1/4 Cr-1 Mo, 9 Cr-1 Mo, and 18% Cr-8% Ni(Mo) steels were made at the University of British Columbia facility. These <span class="hlt">castings</span> were examined for surface finish, chemical segregation, and macrostructure in the as-<span class="hlt">cast</span> condition and after various heat treatments. <span class="hlt">Castings</span> were subjected to tensile, Charpy impact, and creep testing. Results of these tests were compared with similar data on wrought material and, where applicable, with data on sand <span class="hlt">castings</span>. 22 figures.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015EGUGA..17.9114B','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015EGUGA..17.9114B"><span id="translatedtitle">Deciphering post-Deccan weathering and erosion history of <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Archean rocks from cryptomelane 40Ar-39Ar dating</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Bonnet, Nicolas; Arnaud, Nicolas; Beauvais, Anicet; Chardon, Dominique</p> <p>2015-04-01</p> <p>Since the extrusion of Deccan traps ~ 63 Ma ago, weathering and erosion processes have shaped the landscapes of this Peninsula India. This resulted in pervasive bauxitic weathering on traps and deep lateritic weathering of their basement on either side of the Western Ghats Escarpment, which separates a coastal lowland from an East-dipping highland plateau. Mn-rich lateritic profiles formed by supergene weathering of Late Archean manganiferous protores in the different greenstone belts are exposed on relict paleosurfaces, which are preserved at different elevations on the highland plateau and in the coastal lowland, allowing for direct comparison of paleosurfaces and geomorphological processes across one of the most prominent relief in the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> peninsula. Detailed petrological and geochemical investigations of samples collected in the different Mn-rich lateritic profiles allowed for precise characterization of cryptomelane [Kx Mn8-xIV MnxIII O16, nH2O], a Mn-oxide suitable for 40Ar-39Ar dating. The ages obtained document major weathering periods at ~ 53-50 Ma, ~ 40-32 Ma, and ~ 30-23 Ma in the highland profiles, and ~ 47-45 Ma, ~ 24-19 Ma and a younger age at ~ 9 Ma in the coastal lowland profiles. The age clusters are in good agreement with major regional and global Cenozoic paleoclimatic events, e.g., the Eocene climatic optimum and the early beginnings of Asian monsoons at ~ 40 Ma. The old ages obtained both in the coastal lowland and high plateau indicate synchronous lateritic (mostly bauxitic) weathering on both sides of the escarpment. The ages also indicate that most of the incision and dissection of plateau landsurfaces must have taken place during successive periods after 45, 32 and 23 Ma, while the coastal lowland surface was only weakly incised after 19 Ma. Our results thus document post-Eocene divergent erosion and weathering histories across the escarpment since it was formed at least 47 Ma ago, suggesting installation of a dual climatic regime on either sides of this escarpment after the Eocene greenhouse peak.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013EGUGA..15.4812M','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013EGUGA..15.4812M"><span id="translatedtitle">Sensitivity of RegCM4.3 two convection schemes on <span class="hlt">Indian</span> summer monsoon for the <span class="hlt">South</span> Asia CORDEX domain</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Mamgain, Ashu; Mariotti, Laura; Coppola, Erika; Giorgi, Filippo; Dash, Sushil Kumar</p> <p>2013-04-01</p> <p>Regional climate models can be used to examine the impact of global warming at the regional level for the possible emission scenarios. According to IPCC AR4, a number of studies noticed large inter model differences leading to large uncertainties in the projected future changes in different aspects of monsoon rainfall. The aim of this study to understand the different response of similarly forced model RegCM4.3 with different convection scheme over the Ocean. In this study, RegCM4.3 is used to generate the climate scenarios for <span class="hlt">South</span> Asia CORDEX domain using boundary forcing of global coupled climate models GFDL-ESM2M and MPI-ESM-MR in control runs and two emission scenarios RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 obtained from CMIP5 archive. Emanuel convective parameterization scheme has been used over the land in all the experiments. Over the Ocean, experiments are designed using both Emanual and Grell convection schemes. Rest of the model configuration is based on the different sensitivity experiments conducted to reduce the model temperature and precipitation biases. The model has been integrated at 50km resolution starting from the initial condition of 1st Jan 1970 and the climate simulation continued till 1st Jan 2100. Results indicate that all India JJAS mean temperature change is consistent with clear projection of warming, whereas the projected JJAS precipitation change shows large spread and uncertainty in trends. Even the similar forcing experiments with difference only in the convective scheme over ocean show large difference in their projected precipitation. Climatology of JJAS precipitation over <span class="hlt">Indian</span> land and low level westerlies for the historical period (1979-2005) is well represented. However, there are differences in the precipitation distribution at regional level within the experiments mainly over the Northwest and southern part of Peninsular India. In case of Emanuel over ocean, enhanced convection over <span class="hlt">Indian</span> land is mainly associated with the weak westerlies over the Bay of Bengal. The positive anomalies of westerly jet are captured over the Arabian Sea in both the cases where Grell convection over ocean is used in RegCM4.3. Grell scheme over ocean has significantly improved the pattern of westerly flow in RegCM4.3 simulations forced with the considered GCMs.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25956585','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25956585"><span id="translatedtitle">Diversity and N-acyl-homoserine lactone production by Gammaproteobacteria associated with Avicennia marina rhizosphere of <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> mangroves.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Viswanath, Ganga; Jegan, Sekar; Baskaran, Viswanathan; Kathiravan, Raju; Prabavathy, Vaiyapuri Ramalingam</p> <p>2015-07-01</p> <p>The diversity of N-acyl-homoserine lactone (AHL)-producing rhizosphere bacterial community associated with Avicennia marina in the mangrove ecosystems of <span class="hlt">South</span> India was investigated. Approximately 800 rhizobacteria were isolated from A. marina, and they were screened for the production of AHL using two biosensors, Chromobacterium violaceum CV026 and Agrobacterium tumefaciens NTL4 (pZLR4). Among the total isolates screened, 7% of the rhizobacteria showed positive induction for AHL signals. The BOX-PCR profile of 56 positive isolates represented 11 distinct genotypic groups. Phylogenetic analyses of the 16S rRNA sequences of 16 representatives showed that the isolates belonged to the class Gammaproteobacteria, which represented six different genera: Pseudomonas, Aeromonas, Vibrio, Photobacterium, Serratia and Halomonas. The study also identified three AHL-producing species, namely, Photobacterium halotolerans MSSRF QS48, Vibrio xiamenensis MSSRF QS47 and Pseudomonas sp. MSSRF QS1 that had not been reported previously. AHL profiling by TLC detected short chains C4, C6 and C8-HSL, and long chains C10 and C12-HSL with both unsubstituted and substituted side chains among the 16 representative AHL positives. This is the first report concerning the diversity of AHL-producing Gammaproteobacteria from mangrove ecosystems exhibiting diverse AHL profiles. PMID:25956585</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4628796','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4628796"><span id="translatedtitle">Panoramic radiographic study of mental foramen in selected dravidians of <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population: A hospital based study</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Gupta, Vaibhav; Pitti, Parag</p> <p>2015-01-01</p> <p>Background This study aimed at documenting information on appearance, size, horizontal and vertical locations of Mental Foramen (MF) in Panoramic Radiograph. We also analyzed the age and gender differences with radiographic appearance and location of MF. We evaluated these findings in our population and co-relate with results of previous studies. Material and Methods 1662 panoramic radiographs were evaluated, of which 245 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Each radiograph was traced to record the horizontal and vertical locations. The size of MF was recorded using digital caliper and its appearance was determined by visual examination. Chi-square and t-test were employed. Results The most common appearance of MF was continuous type and the tests showed significant difference with age and gender. The most frequent horizontal location of MF was “location c” with no statistical significant difference with age and gender. The MF was most commonly positioned mesially in relation to the apex of second premolar with no significant differences with gender. The vertical location of the foramen varied drastically with no statistical significant difference in both sides. The difference in dimensions on the left and right sides were not statistically significant. Conclusions Determining the morphological appearance and positional variation of MF is important for isolation of mental nerves and vessels when administering local anesthesia and performing surgeries. We therefore stress the importance of accurate radiographic identification of MF and interpretation. Our research findings can be used as reference material by the dental practitioners of <span class="hlt">South</span> India while performing clinical procedures that involve MF. Key words:Mental foramen, mental nerve, panoramic radiograph, mandible. PMID:26535088</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24973722','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24973722"><span id="translatedtitle">An early <span class="hlt">South</span> Asian dust storm during March 2012 and its impacts on <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Himalayan foothills: a case study.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Srivastava, A K; Soni, V K; Singh, Sachchidanand; Kanawade, V P; Singh, N; Tiwari, S; Attri, S D</p> <p>2014-09-15</p> <p>The impacts of an early <span class="hlt">South</span> Asian dust storm that originated over the western part of the Middle East and engulfed northwest parts of India during the third week of March 2012 have been studied at four different stations covering India and Pakistan. The impacts of this dust storm on aerosol optical properties were studied in detail at Delhi, Jodhpur, Lahore and Karachi. The impact could also be traced up to central Himalayan foothills at Manora Peak. During dust events, the aerosol optical depth (AOD) at 500 nm reached a peak value of 0.96, 1.02, 2.17 and 0.49 with a corresponding drop in Ångström exponent (AE for 440-870 nm) to 0.01, -0.02, 0.00 and 0.12 at Delhi, Jodhpur, Lahore and Karachi, respectively. The single scattering albedo (SSA) at 675 nm was relatively lower at Delhi (0.87) and Jodhpur (0.86), with absorption Ångström exponent (AAE) less than 1.0, but a large value of SSA was observed at Lahore (0.98) and Karachi (0.93), with AAE value greater than 1.0 during the event. The study of radiative impact of dust aerosols revealed a significant cooling at the surface and warming in the atmosphere (with corresponding large heating rate) at all the stations during dust event. The effect of this dust storm was also seen at Manora Peak in central Himalayas which showed an enhancement of ~28% in the AOD at 500 nm. The transport of dust during such events can have severe climatic implications over the affected plains and the Himalayas. PMID:24973722</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22stereotypes+in+literature%22&id=EJ106825','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22stereotypes+in+literature%22&id=EJ106825"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indian</span> Writers and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Lives</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Stensland, Anna Lee</p> <p>1974-01-01</p> <p>A discussion of popular <span class="hlt">Indian</span> stereotypes and counter-stereotypes in literature, based on the thesis that the introduction of the literature of the American <span class="hlt">Indian</span>, traditional and modern, will help to increase the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> child's pride in his culture and add to the understanding of the non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> child. (EH)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=5G&pg=5&id=EJ255295','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=5G&pg=5&id=EJ255295"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indian</span> Government and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Education.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Starblanket, Noel V.</p> <p>1981-01-01</p> <p>Accountability for <span class="hlt">Indian</span> education must be shared among the chiefs and their councils, the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> leaders at all levels, parents and students. This may be accomplished by <span class="hlt">Indian</span> control of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> education. Available from: Department of Educational Foundations, 5-109 Education North, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada, T6G 2G5. (ERB)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010DSRII..57..738W','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010DSRII..57..738W"><span id="translatedtitle">Surface oceanography of BROKE-West, along the Antarctic margin of the <span class="hlt">south</span>-west <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean ( 30-80∘E)</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Williams, G. D.; Nicol, S.; Aoki, S.; Meijers, A. J. S.; Bindoff, N. L.; Iijima, Y.; Marsland, S. J.; Klocker, A.</p> <p>2010-05-01</p> <p>Hydrographic CTD and ADCP data were collected during the BROKE-West research voyage (January-March 2006) in the <span class="hlt">south</span>-west <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean sector of the Antarctic margin. These data describe the large-scale circulation, water masses, fronts and summertime stratification in the surface layer over the continental shelf, slope and rise region between 30 and 80∘E that forms CCAMLR Statistical Area 58.4.2. The surface circulation matched the full-depth circulation and consisted of the eastward flowing southern Antarctic Circumpolar Current front to the north, and the westward flowing Antarctic Slope Current associated with the Antarctic Slope Front along the continental slope to the <span class="hlt">south</span>. Two sub-polar gyres were detected <span class="hlt">south</span> of the Southern Boundary of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current: the eastern Weddell Gyre in the Cosmonaut Sea ( 30-50∘E) and the greater Prydz Bay Gyre in the Cooperation Sea ( 60-80∘E). In the eastern Weddell Gyre, the seasonal mixed layer depths were shallower, warmer and fresher relative to the regions to the east which were deeper, cooler and more saline. This spatial variability is found to be strongly correlated to the large-scale pattern of sea ice melt/retreat in the months preceding the voyage and the accumulated wind stress thereafter. Areas of upwelling warm deep waters into the surface layer are presented from positive anomalies of potential temperature and nutrient concentrations (nitrate and silicate). These anomalies were strongest in the eastern Weddell Gyre in the vicinity of the Cosmonaut Polynya/Embayment, north of Cape Anne and near the Southern Boundary of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current in the eastern sector of the survey. The summertime stratification (seasonal mixed layer, seasonal pycnocline and Tmin layer) are discussed relative to the distributions of chl a and acoustically determined Antarctic Krill ( Euphausia superba) densities. Elevated chl a concentrations were found in the surface layer of the marginal ice zone and it is proposed that these are retained <span class="hlt">south</span> of the fast, narrow jet of enhanced Antarctic Slope Current on the upper continental slope. There is qualitative evidence of these maxima being subducted and transported north in the seasonal pycnocline in response to Ekman convergence from the easterly winds in this region. The seasonal mixed layer within the sub-polar gyres had relatively low chl a concentrations with sub-surface maxima in the seasonal pycnocline and the top of the Tmin layer. Surface concentrations increased once again north of the Southern Boundary in the north-east of the survey. Krill and chl a concentrations were both co-located and decoupled at different locations across the survey. There was no clear oceanographic boundary influencing the distribution of the krill surveyed, though further work is necessary to properly synthesize this and other biological patterns with the oceanographic processes, given the varying time and length scales and intrinsic sampling limitations.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3782901','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3782901"><span id="translatedtitle">Evaluation of Body Mass Index (BMI) Percentile cut-off Levels with Reference to Insulin Resistance: A Comparative Study on <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Obese and Non–Obese Adolescents</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Gandhe, Mahendra Bhauraoji; M., Lenin; Srinivasan, A.R.</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Objectives: To investigate the relationship of Body Mass Index (BMI) percentile cut off with Homeostasis Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR), a surrogate marker for insulin resistance in obese, overweight and non–obese adolescents. Study Design: A cross-sectional analysis of 120 adolescents (divided into sixty overweight/obese and an equal number of non–obese) was performed on nondiabetic, nonpregnant (11 to 18 year old school going) adolescents in <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> (Puducherry) population. The main outcome measure of insulin resistance was calculated as HOMA-IR (greater than 3.16). Obesity was defined as per the BMI criteria, BMI greater than or equal to 95th percentile,overweight greater than or equal to 85th percentile and non–obese less than 84.9th percentile. All adolescents were subjected to analysis of anthropometric parameters that included weight, height and BMI (body mass index). Biochemical parameters, namely venous plasma glucose (fasting) and venous plasma insulin (fasting) were included for insulin resistance calculation by HOMA-IR. Results: Having a BMI of greater than or equal to 85th percentilewas associated with high HOMA-IR levels. As the BMI percentile increased, HOMA-IR levels also increased. Prevalence of insulin resistance for a BMI percentile of less than 84.9 was nil. Prevalence of insulin resistance for a BMI percentile of 85-94.9 was 26%.Prevalence of insulin resistance for BMI of greater than or equal to 95th percentile was 64%. Conclusion: Insulin resistance is highly prevalent in obese and overweight adolescents as compared to that in non–obese adolescents. The onset of Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG) is associated with the development of severe hyper–insulinaemia in obese adolescents and early primordial and primary prevention can thus alleviate the burden of future cardiometabolic disorders. PMID:24086844</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26586066','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26586066"><span id="translatedtitle">Cross-cultural adaptation, validation and reliability of the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> (Kannada) version of the Kidney Disease and Quality of Life (KDQOL-36) instrument.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Mateti, Uday Venkat; Nagappa, Anantha Naik; Attur, Ravindra Prabhu; Nagaraju, Shankar Prasad; Mayya, Shreemathi S; Balkrishnan, Rajesh</p> <p>2015-11-01</p> <p>Health-related quality of life is an essential aspect concerned with the treatment outcomes. The main objective of the study is to evaluate the validity and reliability of the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> (Kannada) version of the Kidney Disease and Quality of Life-36 (KDQOL-36) instrument for hemodialysis (HD) patients. The KDQOL-36 instrument was validated by the committee of experts consisting of healthcare providers such as nephrologists (three), senior HD staff nurse (one) and clinical pharmacist (one). The measurement properties such as variability, reliability and validity were determined by administering the questionnaire to 82 patients on HD who were randomly selected from the HD units of three hospitals. The test and retest methods were used for reliability. Test-re-test reliability was assessed with a subsample of 45 patients by two administrations of the KDQOL-36 seven days apart. Data were collected through a face-to-face interview. It was evaluated computing intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and internal consistency estimated by computing Cronbach's-alfa. Reliability of each Kannada version of the KDQOL-36 sub-scale (symptoms/problems, burden of kidney disease, effects of kidney disease, physical component score [PCS] and mental component score [MCS] was good (Cronbach's-alfa >0.7, ranging from 0.72 to 0.77). The ICC ranged from 0.83 to 0.99 and the 95% confidence interval was 0.76-0.99 for test-retest of the KDQOL-36. The reliability measured with Cronbach's alfa, which was more than 0.72 and ICC ranged from 0.83 to 0.99, indicating that the Kannada version of the KDQOL-36 is reliable and valid for evaluating the health-related quality of life in Kannada-speaking HD patients. PMID:26586066</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24772965','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24772965"><span id="translatedtitle">Impact of COMT H108L, MAOB int 13 A>G and DRD2 haplotype on the susceptibility to Parkinson's disease in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subjects.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Kumudini, Nadella; Umai, Addepally; Devi, Yalavarthy Prameela; Naushad, Shaik Mohammad; Mridula, Rukmini; Borgohain, Rupam; Kutala, Vijay Kumar</p> <p>2013-10-01</p> <p>In view of documented evidence demonstrating the association of dopaminergic metabolism and neurotransmission with Parkinson's disease (PD), a case-control study was conducted to investigate the impact of particular polymorphisms in the catechol O-methyl transferase (COMT) H108L, monoamine oxidase B (MAOB) int 13 A>G, dopamine transporter 1 (DAT1) A1215G, dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) Taq1A, DRD2 Taq1B and DRD2 Taq1D genes on the susceptibility to PD. PCR-RFLP method was used for the genetic analysis. The COMT H108L polymorphism increased PD risk by 1.4-fold (95%CI: 1.02-1.98), whereas reduced risk was observed with MAOB int 13 A>G polymorphism (OR: 0.77, 95%CI: 0.51-0.99). Multifactor dimensionality reduction analysis showed gene-gene interactions between these two loci that resulted in loss of the protective role of MAOB G-allele in the presence of COMT L-allele. DAT1A1215G polymorphism in the exon 9 was not associated with PD. Individually, DRD2 polymorphisms showed null association. However, all-variant haplotype of DRD2 locus i.e. T-G-T haplotype showed 29.8-fold risk for PD compared to all-wild haplotype i.e., C-A-C haplotype (95%CI: 6.85-130.4). To conclude, genetic variants of COMT, MAOB and DRD2 loci modulate susceptibility to PD in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subjects. PMID:24772965</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3474829','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3474829"><span id="translatedtitle">Food Marketing towards Children: Brand Logo Recognition, Food-Related Behavior and BMI among 3–13-Year-Olds in a <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Town</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Ueda, Peter; Tong, Leilei; Viedma, Cristobal; Chandy, Sujith J.; Marrone, Gaetano; Simon, Anna; Stålsby Lundborg, Cecilia</p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>Objectives To assess exposure to marketing of unhealthy food products and its relation to food related behavior and BMI in children aged 3–13, from different socioeconomic backgrounds in a <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> town. Methods Child-parent pairs (n = 306) were recruited at pediatric clinics. Exposure to food marketing was assessed by a digital logo recognition test. Children matched 18 logos of unhealthy food (high in fat/sugar/salt) featured in promotion material from the food industry to pictures of corresponding products. Children's nutritional knowledge, food preferences, purchase requests, eating behavior and socioeconomic characteristics were assessed by a digital game and parental questionnaires. Anthropometric measurements were recorded. Results Recognition rates for the brand logos ranged from 30% to 80%. Logo recognition ability increased with age (p<0.001) and socioeconomic level (p<0.001 comparing children in the highest and lowest of three socioeconomic groups). Adjusted for gender, age and socioeconomic group, logo recognition was associated with higher BMI (p = 0.022) and nutritional knowledge (p<0.001) but not to unhealthy food preferences or purchase requests. Conclusions Children from higher socioeconomic groups in the region had higher brand logo recognition ability and are possibly exposed to more food marketing. The study did not lend support to a link between exposure to marketing and poor eating behavior, distorted nutritional knowledge or increased purchase requests. The correlation between logo recognition and BMI warrants further investigation on food marketing towards children and its potential role in the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases in this part of India. PMID:23082137</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005ECSS...62..325N','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005ECSS...62..325N"><span id="translatedtitle">Seasonal dynamics of meiofauna in a <span class="hlt">South</span> African temporarily open/closed estuary (Mdloti Estuary, <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean)</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Nozais, Christian; Perissinotto, Renzo; Tita, Guglielmo</p> <p>2005-01-01</p> <p>One hundred and eighty-four of the 250 estuaries in <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa are currently classified as temporarily open/closed and close off from the sea during the dry season, under low river inflow. The subtropical Mdloti Estuary, on the KwaZulu-Natal north coast, is one of these systems and hardly any information is available on its meiofauna. The abundance, biomass, composition, and grazing impact of meiofauna, as well as the key environmental factors that affect these variables, were investigated with emphasis on the contrast between open and closed phases of the estuary. Microphytobenthic chlorophyll a concentrations varied between 1.4 to 480 mg m -2. Meiofauna were composed of nematodes, harpacticoid copepods, crustacean nauplii, mites, turbellarians, polychaetes, oligochaetes, ostracods and chironomids. Total abundance of meiofauna showed large variability both spatially and temporally and ranged from 0.4 to 88×10 4 ind. m -2. Nematodes, mites and harpacticoid copepods occurred more often than other groups in the sediment. Total meiofauna carbon biomass exhibited similar temporal as well as spatial patterns as abundance and varied from 0.5 to 440 mg C m -2. A carbon-based grazing model, applied to the total meiofauna, provided estimates of potential daily ingestion rates ranging from 1.8 to 857 mg C m -2. Nematodes, mites and harpacticoid copepods contributed the most to the total potential daily ingestion rate of meiofauna in the Mdloti Estuary. Potential ingestion rates, determined using allometric equations, showed that meiofauna consumed from 0.1 to 254% of the microphytobenthic standing stock. Overall, meiofauna were likely not food limited and grazing on microphytobenthos was low, averaging 11% for the whole survey. A principal component analysis, applied to the whole study area and sampling period, indicated that major variations in meiofaunal community are mainly controlled by temperature and the state of the estuary's mouth (i.e. open/closed). Typically, meiofauna abundance in the estuary peaked after periods of prolonged mouth closure and decreased dramatically after the breaching of the estuary at the mouth.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/792702','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/792702"><span id="translatedtitle">Thin Wall Iron <span class="hlt">Castings</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>J.F. Cuttino; D.M. Stefanescu; T.S. Piwonka</p> <p>2001-10-31</p> <p>Results of an investigation made to develop methods of making iron <span class="hlt">castings</span> having wall thicknesses as small as 2.5 mm in green sand molds are presented. It was found that thin wall ductile and compacted graphite iron <span class="hlt">castings</span> can be made and have properties consistent with heavier <span class="hlt">castings</span>. Green sand molding variables that affect <span class="hlt">casting</span> dimensions were also identified.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20178765','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20178765"><span id="translatedtitle">The human genetic history of <span class="hlt">South</span> Asia.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Majumder, Partha P</p> <p>2010-02-23</p> <p><span class="hlt">South</span> Asia--comprising India, Pakistan, countries in the sub-Himalayan region and Myanmar--was one of the first geographical regions to have been peopled by modern humans. This region has served as a major route of dispersal to other geographical regions, including southeast Asia. The <span class="hlt">Indian</span> society comprises tribal, ranked <span class="hlt">caste</span>, and other populations that are largely endogamous. As a result of evolutionary antiquity and endogamy, populations of India show high genetic differentiation and extensive structuring. Linguistic differences of populations provide the best explanation of genetic differences observed in this region of the world. Within India, consistent with social history, extant populations inhabiting northern regions show closer affinities with Indo-European speaking populations of central Asia that those inhabiting southern regions. Extant southern <span class="hlt">Indian</span> populations may have been derived from early colonizers arriving from Africa along the southern exit route. The higher-ranked <span class="hlt">caste</span> populations, who were the torch-bearers of Hindu rituals, show closer affinities with central Asian, Indo-European speaking, populations. PMID:20178765</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED046551.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED046551.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Tribes of North America. Part I: The Sioux Tribes of <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota. Occasional Publications in Anthropology, Ethnology Series, No. 1.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Fay, George E., Comp.</p> <p></p> <p>To facilitate the study and understanding of present-day <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribal organization and governmental procedures, the Museum of Anthropology of the University of Northern Colorado (formerly known as Colorado State College) has assembled a large number of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribal charters, constitutions, and by-laws to be reproduced as a series of…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED062082.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED062082.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">[Rebus Reading Book Series: A Product of a Project to Create Stories and Beginning Reading Material for Pre-School <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Children in <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Webster, Loraine; Schleif, Mabel</p> <p></p> <p>The "Rebus Reading Book Series" in this document consists of 10 booklets, each containing an illustrated story adopted from an <span class="hlt">Indian</span> folk tale. The booklets, intended for use as supplementary readers, are designed to introduce readers in grades 1.7 to 2.2 to <span class="hlt">Indian</span> cultural history as well as to improve use of English by building larger speaking…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/mi0639.photos.196601p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/mi0639.photos.196601p/"><span id="translatedtitle">41. <span class="hlt">Casting</span> floor, "B" furnace, pour in progress; mudgun is ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>41. <span class="hlt">Casting</span> floor, "B" furnace, pour in progress; mudgun is to right of furnace; photo taken from furnace operator's booth. Looking <span class="hlt">south</span>/southwest - Rouge Steel Company, 3001 Miller Road, Dearborn, Wayne County, MI</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");'>10</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li class="active"><span>12</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_12 --> <div id="page_13" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li class="active"><span>13</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="241"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/mi0639.photos.196602p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/mi0639.photos.196602p/"><span id="translatedtitle">42. <span class="hlt">Casting</span> floor, "B" furnace, pour in progress; mudgun is ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>42. <span class="hlt">Casting</span> floor, "B" furnace, pour in progress; mudgun is to right of furnace; operator takes temperature of iron in trough during pout. Looking <span class="hlt">south</span> - Rouge Steel Company, 3001 Miller Road, Dearborn, Wayne County, MI</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=mississippi+AND+river&pg=6&id=ED224668','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=mississippi+AND+river&pg=6&id=ED224668"><span id="translatedtitle">Wisconsin <span class="hlt">Indians</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Lurie, Nancy Oestreich</p> <p></p> <p>Wisconsin encompasses an astonishingly representative illustration of the total historical development of federal <span class="hlt">Indian</span> policy and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> reactions to it. Wisconsin's <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population (at least 25,000 people) is the third largest east of the Mississippi River and offers great diversity (3 major linguistic stocks, 6 broad tribal affiliations, and…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Mississippi+AND+River&pg=6&id=ED224668','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Mississippi+AND+River&pg=6&id=ED224668"><span id="translatedtitle">Wisconsin <span class="hlt">Indians</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Lurie, Nancy Oestreich</p> <p></p> <p>Wisconsin encompasses an astonishingly representative illustration of the total historical development of federal <span class="hlt">Indian</span> policy and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> reactions to it. Wisconsin's <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population (at least 25,000 people) is the third largest east of the Mississippi River and offers great diversity (3 major linguistic stocks, 6 broad tribal affiliations, and</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004AGUFMPP33A0907F','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004AGUFMPP33A0907F"><span id="translatedtitle">Glacial - Interglacial Changes in the Provenance and Flux of Sediment to the Cape Basin, <span class="hlt">South</span> Atlantic: Implications for <span class="hlt">Indian</span>-Atlantic Ocean Exchange</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Franzese, A. M.; Hemming, S. R.; Goldstein, S. L.; Anderson, R. F.; Broecker, W. S.</p> <p>2004-12-01</p> <p>Deep sea sediment cores have been widely used to study changes in sea surface conditions and ocean circulation on glacial-interglacial timescales, using faunal and floral analyses, stable isotope and trace element contents of carbonate shells, and more recently subtle compositional variations in organic compounds. Radiogenic isotope ratios can be sensitive tracers of sediment provenance, and have been interpreted in terms of changes in circulation patterns. Another tool that has seen growing application for studying the past oceans is 230Thxs . The excess 230Th measured in the sediment is useful as a constant-flux proxy, and puts additional constraints on the lateral transport and redistribution of sediments. Until now provenance and flux measures have been applied to separate problems, and this study is unique in using the combination of these two tracers. The combined measurements of sediment provenance and flux has great potential for determining sediment transport patterns, and how they have changed through time. The southeast Atlantic is an important study site because it is a region where thermocline and intermediate waters are exchanged with the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean by the "Agulhas Leakage". This leakage is thought to be an important source of heat and salt to the Atlantic Ocean, possibly acting as a positive feedback for the formation of North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW). Changes in the strength of NADW formation and the intensity of global thermohaline circulation (THC) have been called upon as major amplifiers for climate change during the Pleistocene glacial cycles, with the hypothesis that NADW formation was weaker during the cold periods of the glacial cycles, particularly during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), approximately 18,000 years ago. 87Sr/86Sr, \\epsilon Nd and 230Th- normalized terrigenous flux measurements from Holocene and LGM sediment samples support the Agulhas Current as a major source of sediment to the Cape Basin drift deposit. The results are consistent with 3 end- member mixing between sediment carried by the Agulhas Current, the <span class="hlt">South</span> Atlantic or Antarctic Circumpolar Current (SAC or ACC) and a local source. A comparison of the two time- slices implies that a smaller proportion of sediment deposited in the Cape Basin is derived from the Agulhas Current during the LGM. The results are consistent with a strengthened and more sediment-laden ACC during the LGM, and possibly a reduced Agulhas leakage, and hence less interocean exchange. Further investigation is needed to constrain whether the Agulhas Current was different during the LGM.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015QSRv..122..142V','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015QSRv..122..142V"><span id="translatedtitle">The Last Termination in the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean: A unique terrestrial record from Kerguelen Islands (49°S) situated within the Southern Hemisphere westerly belt</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Van der Putten, Nathalie; Verbruggen, Cyriel; Björck, Svante; Michel, Elisabeth; Disnar, Jean-Robert; Chapron, Emmanuel; Moine, Bertrand N.; de Beaulieu, Jacques-Louis</p> <p>2015-08-01</p> <p>The awareness of the significance of the Southern Ocean in the Earth's climate system has become increasingly obvious. The deglacial atmospheric CO2 rise during warming periods in Antarctica has been attributed to CO2 ventilation from the deep ocean caused by enhanced upwelling around the Antarctic Divergence. It has been hypothesized that, more intense Southern Hemisphere westerly winds aligned with the Antarctic Circumpolar Current due to a southward shift of the wind belt from its Last Glacial Maximum equator-ward position, are the main drivers. Reconstructions of past changes in atmospheric circulation in the Southern Hemisphere are still scarce and the overall picture is patchy with sometimes contradictory results. For obvious reasons, most terrestrial records originate from southern <span class="hlt">South</span> America and New Zealand. Here we present a terrestrial record from the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> sector of the Southern Ocean, from Kerguelen Islands located at 49°S. A peat record is investigated using a multi-proxy approach (pollen and plant macrofossils, magnetic susceptibility, XRF analyses, biogenic silica content, Rock-Eval6 analysis and humification degree). Peat accumulation starts at about 16,000 cal yr BP with relatively warm and dry conditions. The most prominent change in our proxy data occurs at 13,600 cal yr BP, when peat ponds were established on the peat surface, resulting in lacustrine-type deposits, as a result of very high humidity, and with proxies implying very windy conditions. Within chronological uncertainties, this onset coincides with the onset of the so-called Oceanic Cold Reversal, based on the deuterium excess data in the EPICA Dome C ice core record. Kerguelen Islands are located in the moisture source area of Dome C and a change in atmospheric circulation at that time could explain both records. Around 12,900 cal yr BP, at the end of the Antarctic Cold Reversal, pond/lake sediments give way to more peaty deposits, with proxies suggesting slightly drier, less windy and probably warmer conditions. Kerguelen Islands became less influenced by the Southern Hemisphere westerly winds and these conditions were amplified during the early Holocene climate optimum as found in Antarctic ice core records.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3941566','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3941566"><span id="translatedtitle">Awareness of chronic disease related health benefits of physical activity among residents of a rural <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> region: a cross-sectional study</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Background Physical activity trends for a lower-middle income country like India suggest a gradual decline in work related physical activity and no concomitant increase in leisure time physical activity. Perceived health benefits of physical activity and intention to increase physical activity have been established as independent correlates of physical activity status. In India, not much is known about peoples perceptions of health benefits of physical activity and their intention to increase physical activity levels. This study was performed to understand peoples perceptions and awareness about health benefits of physical activity in a rural <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> region. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted using a multistage cluster sampling design. A content validated, field tested questionnaire was administered in person by a trained interviewer in the participants native language. The questionnaire assessed the participants perceptions about their lifestyle (active or sedentary), health benefits of physical activity and need for increasing their physical activity. In addition, the participants physical activity was assessed using version 2 of global physical activity questionnaire. Frequencies and percentages were used to summarise perceived health benefits of physical activity and other categorical variables. Age and body mass index were summarised using mean??SD, whereas physical activity (MET.min.wk ?1) was summarised using median and interquartile range. Results Four hundred fifty members from 125 randomly selected households were included in the study, of which 409 members participated. 89% (364) of participants felt they lead an active lifestyle and 83.1% (340) of participants did not feel a need to increase their physical activity level. 86.1%, (352) of the participants were physically active. Though 92.4% (378) of participants felt there were health benefits of physical activity, majority of them (75.1%) did not report any benefit related to chronic diseases. None mentioned health benefits related to heart disease or stroke. Conclusion There is low awareness of chronic disease related benefits of physical activity and participants do not see a need to increase their physical activity level. Public health awareness programs on importance and health benefits of physical activity would be useful to counter the anticipated decline in physical activity. PMID:24575767</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016DSRI..110...20B','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016DSRI..110...20B"><span id="translatedtitle">Acoustic micronektonic distribution is structured by macroscale oceanographic processes across 20-50°S latitudes in the <span class="hlt">South</span>-Western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Béhagle, Nolwenn; Cotté, Cédric; Ryan, Tim E.; Gauthier, Olivier; Roudaut, Gildas; Brehmer, Patrice; Josse, Erwan; Cherel, Yves</p> <p>2016-04-01</p> <p>Micronekton constitutes the largest unexploited marine biomass worldwide. It is one of the most conspicuous and ecologically important components of the still poorly known mesopelagic ecosystem. Acoustic data were collected from both fishing and research vessels along 18 transects for a total of 47 682 linear kilometers to investigate large-scale distribution of micronekton over a long latitudinal gradient (20-50°S) and two contrasted seasons (summer and winter) in the <span class="hlt">South</span>-Western <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. Acoustic backscatter at 38 kHz was used as a proxy of mid-water organisms' abundance (0-800 m depth). Two consistent features were diel vertical migration of backscatters and vertical distribution of micronekton in three distinct layers, namely the surface (SL), intermediate (IL) and deep (DL) layers. Satellite remote sensing data was used to position oceanic fronts, and hence define water masses, from the tropical to low Antarctic zones. A key finding of this study was the significant correlation observed between abundance and distribution of acoustic backscatter and position relative to these front and water masses. Total backscatter peaked in the subtropical zone, with low abundances in the colder Polar Frontal Zone. The high overall abundances in subtropical waters resulted mainly from high backscatters in the IL and DL that contrasted with low SL values, especially during the day (2-11%). The warmer the waters, the higher SL backscatter was, with the highest absolute and relative (38-51% of the total abundance) values observed at night in the Tropical Zone and the lowest abundance in the Antarctic Zone. No significant seasonal pattern was found, but SL backscatters were very low in winter compared to summer in the Polar Frontal Zone. Moreover, the Northern winter shift of the fronts induced a Northern latitudinal shift of the peak in abundance from summer to winter. The present study highlights the value of building large acoustic databases collected from both research and fishing vessels. The method provides unique opportunities to gather basic information on micronekton and is an essential step to describe oceanic zones of relevant biological interest in terms of trophic ecology.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/al1093.photos.046439p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/al1093.photos.046439p/"><span id="translatedtitle">INTERIOR VIEW WITH <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> MACHINE AND <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> FOREMAN OBSERVING OPERATION ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>INTERIOR VIEW WITH <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> MACHINE AND <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> FOREMAN OBSERVING OPERATION TO ENSURE MAXIMUM PRODUCTION AND QUALITY. - McWane <span class="hlt">Cast</span> Iron Pipe Company, Pipe <span class="hlt">Casting</span> Area, 1201 Vanderbilt Road, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://kidshealth.org/en/kids/casts.html','NIH-MEDLINEPLUS'); return false;" href="http://kidshealth.org/en/kids/casts.html"><span id="translatedtitle">Cool <span class="hlt">Cast</span> Facts</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePlus</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>... outer layer is usually made of plaster or fiberglass. Fiberglass <span class="hlt">casts</span> are made of fiberglass, which is a plastic that can be shaped. Fiberglass <span class="hlt">casts</span> come in many different colors — if you' ...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1994STIN...9432839S','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1994STIN...9432839S"><span id="translatedtitle">LLNL <span class="hlt">casting</span> technology</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Shapiro, A. B.; Comfort, W. J., III</p> <p>1994-01-01</p> <p>Competition to produce <span class="hlt">cast</span> parts of higher quality, lower rejection rate, and lower cost is a fundamental factor in the global economy. To gain an edge on foreign competitors, the US <span class="hlt">casting</span> industry must cut manufacturing costs and reduce the time from design to market. <span class="hlt">Casting</span> research and development (R&D) are the key to increasing US competiveness in the <span class="hlt">casting</span> arena. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is the home of a wide range of R&D projects that push the boundaries of state-of-the art <span class="hlt">casting</span>. LLNL <span class="hlt">casting</span> expertise and technology include: <span class="hlt">casting</span> modeling research and development, including numerical simulation of fluid flow, heat transfer, reaction/solidification kinetics, and part distortion with residual stresses; special facilities to <span class="hlt">cast</span> toxic material; extensive experience <span class="hlt">casting</span> metals and nonmetals; advanced measurement and instrumentation systems. Department of Energy (DOE) funding provides the leverage for LLNL to collaborate with industrial partners to share this advanced <span class="hlt">casting</span> expertise and technology. At the same time, collaboration with industrial partners provides LLNL technologists with broader insights into <span class="hlt">casting</span> industry issues, <span class="hlt">casting</span> process data, and the collective experience of industry experts. <span class="hlt">Casting</span> R&D is also an excellent example of dual-use technology; it is the cornerstone for increasing US industrial competitiveness and minimizing waste nuclear material in weapon component production. Annual funding for <span class="hlt">casting</span> projects at LLNL is $10M, which represents 1% of the total LLNL budget. Metal <span class="hlt">casting</span> accounts for about 80% of the funding. Funding is nearly equally divided between development directed toward US industrial competitiveness and weapon component <span class="hlt">casting</span>.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/10133336','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/10133336"><span id="translatedtitle">LLNL <span class="hlt">casting</span> technology</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Shapiro, A.B.; Comfort, W.J. III</p> <p>1994-01-01</p> <p>Competition to produce <span class="hlt">cast</span> parts of higher quality, lower rejection rate, and lower cost is a fundamental factor in the global economy. To gain an edge on foreign competitors, the US <span class="hlt">casting</span> industry must cut manufacturing costs and reduce the time from design to market. <span class="hlt">Casting</span> research and development (R&D) are the key to increasing US compentiveness in the <span class="hlt">casting</span> arena. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is the home of a wide range of R&D projects that push the boundaries of state-of-the art <span class="hlt">casting</span>. LLNL <span class="hlt">casting</span> expertise and technology include: <span class="hlt">casting</span> modeling research and development, including numerical simulation of fluid flow, heat transfer, reaction/solidification kinetics, and part distortion with residual stresses; special facilities to <span class="hlt">cast</span> toxic material; extensive experience <span class="hlt">casting</span> metals and nonmetals; advanced measurement and instrumentation systems. Department of Energy (DOE) funding provides the leverage for LLNL to collaborate with industrial partners to share this advanced <span class="hlt">casting</span> expertise and technology. At the same time, collaboration with industrial partners provides LLNL technologists with broader insights into <span class="hlt">casting</span> industry issues, <span class="hlt">casting</span> process data, and the collective, experience of industry experts. <span class="hlt">Casting</span> R&D is also an excellent example of dual-use technology; it is the cornerstone for increasing US industrial competitiveness and minimizing waste nuclear material in weapon component production. Annual funding for <span class="hlt">casting</span> projects at LLNL is $10M, which represents 1% of the total LLNL budget. Metal <span class="hlt">casting</span> accounts for about 80% of the funding. Funding is nearly equally divided between development directed toward US industrial competitiveness and weapon component <span class="hlt">casting</span>.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21511853','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21511853"><span id="translatedtitle">The peripatetic cultural psychiatrist: reflections on a forty-five year longitudinal study of a <span class="hlt">South</span> India village.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Ullrich, Helen E</p> <p>2011-04-01</p> <p>This article presents one woman's odyssey, which began with a career in linguistics and later incorporated cultural psychiatry. While engaged in fieldwork as a linguist, studying the syntactic structure of Havyaka Kannada and dialectal accommodation among the <span class="hlt">castes</span> in a <span class="hlt">South</span> India village, I developed language skills and rapport with the village residents. Then I transferred my community-wide rapport to research on depression as a cultural psychiatrist. The articles I wrote on depression and its relationship to socialized passivity and endorsed assertiveness in progressive generations of <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> women, illustrate the impact of change on mental health. The cultural background from my community-based longitudinal study of more than forty-five years has contributed to my understanding disorders in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> patients living in a globalized world. PMID:21511853</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=life+AND+pan&pg=4&id=ED181141','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=life+AND+pan&pg=4&id=ED181141"><span id="translatedtitle">Political Dimensions of Asian-American Ethnicity: A Case Study of Asian-<span class="hlt">Indians</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Mohapatra, Manindra Kumar</p> <p></p> <p>The decision of the United States Census Bureau to make a distinct classification of Asian-<span class="hlt">Indians</span> is indicative of the growing awareness of this minority group on the American scene. The Asian-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> organizations found in this country can be classified as parochial (based on language or <span class="hlt">caste</span>) or Pan-<span class="hlt">Indian</span>. These groups serve as foci for…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4152827','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4152827"><span id="translatedtitle">First description of the worker <span class="hlt">caste</span> of Nylanderia smythiesii (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Bharti, Himender</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Abstract The hitherto unknown worker <span class="hlt">caste</span> of Nylanderia smythiesii (Forel, 1894) is described for the first time. Sexuals are redescribed and photomontage images of all <span class="hlt">castes</span> are provided. A key is presented to separate the six <span class="hlt">Indian</span> species of Nylanderia. Previously described Nylanderia assimilis (Jerdon, 1851) is considered a species inquirenda. PMID:25197237</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/7077196','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/7077196"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean Triple Junction</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Tapscott, C.R.; Patriat, P.; Fisher, R.L.; Sclater, J.G.; Hoskins, H.; Parsons, B.</p> <p>1980-09-10</p> <p>The boundaries of three major plates (Africa, India, and Antarctica) meet in a triple junction in the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean near 25 /sup 0/S, 70 /sup 0/E. Using observed bathymetry and magnetic anomalies, we locate the junction to within 5 km and show that it is a ridge-ridge-ridge type. Relative plate motion is N60 /sup 0/E at 50 mm/yr (full rate) across the Central <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ridge, N47 /sup 0/E at 60 mm/yr across the Southeast <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ridge, and N3 /sup 0/W at 15 mm/yr across te Southwest <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ridge; the observed velocity triangle is closed. Poles of instantaneous relative plate motion are determined for all plate pairs. The data in the <span class="hlt">South</span> Atlantic and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> oceans are consistent with a rigid African plate without significant internal deformation. Two of the ridges at the triple junction are normal midocean spreading centers with well-defined median valleys. The Southwest <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ridge, however, has a peculiar morphology near the triple junction, that of an elongate triangular deep, with the triple junction at its apex. The floor of the deep represents crust formed at the Southwest <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ridge, and the morphology is a consequence of the evolution of the triple junction and is similar to that at the Galapagos Triple Junction. Though one cannot determine with precision the stability conditions at the triple junction, the development of the junction over the last 10 m.y. can be mapped, and the topographic expressions of the triple junction traces may be detected on the three plates.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6345377','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6345377"><span id="translatedtitle">Evaluation of electroslag <span class="hlt">castings</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Judkins, R.R.; Sikka, V.K.</p> <p>1985-01-01</p> <p>Results of evaluations of electroslag <span class="hlt">castings</span> of ferritic (2-1/4 Cr-1 Mo and 9 Cr-1 Mo) and austenitic (CF8M or type 316) steels are presented. The <span class="hlt">castings</span> have been characterized for surface finish, cracking, solidification structure, chemical composition, hardness, ferrite distribution, tensile properties, Charpy impact properties, and creep properties. Pertinent data are compared with equivalent data for sand <span class="hlt">castings</span> and wrought products of the same materials. Based on the results of these studies, the properties of electroslag <span class="hlt">castings</span> compare favorably with those of sand <span class="hlt">castings</span> and wrought materials.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6448113','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6448113"><span id="translatedtitle">Advances in aluminum <span class="hlt">casting</span> technology</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Tiryakioglu, M.; Campbell, J.</p> <p>1998-01-01</p> <p>This symposium focuses on the improvements of aluminum <span class="hlt">casting</span> quality and reliability through a better understanding of processes and process variables, and explores the latest innovations in <span class="hlt">casting</span>-process design that allow increasing use of the <span class="hlt">castings</span> to replace complex assemblies and heavy steel and <span class="hlt">cast</span>-iron components in aerospace and automotive applications. Presented are 35 papers by international experts in the various aspects of the subject. The contents include: Semisolid <span class="hlt">casting</span>; Computer-aided designing of molds and <span class="hlt">castings</span>; <span class="hlt">Casting</span>-process modeling; Aluminum-matrix composite <span class="hlt">castings</span>; HIPing of <span class="hlt">castings</span>; Progress in the US car project; Die <span class="hlt">casting</span> and die design; and Solidification and properties.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=mexico+AND+database&pg=3&id=ED383509','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=mexico+AND+database&pg=3&id=ED383509"><span id="translatedtitle">American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Studies: A Bibliographic Guide.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>White, Phillip M.</p> <p></p> <p>This book lists sources of information available on Native Americans in the United States, Canada, and Alaska. Some sources also include information on native Hawaiians, <span class="hlt">Indians</span> of Mexico, and <span class="hlt">Indians</span> of Central and <span class="hlt">South</span> America. The purpose of the guide is to provide researchers with direction and organization for selecting and using the best…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=indian+AND+pines&pg=2&id=EJ520352','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=indian+AND+pines&pg=2&id=EJ520352"><span id="translatedtitle">American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Administrator Preparation: A Program Analysis.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Mills, Ed; Amiotte, Lowell</p> <p>1996-01-01</p> <p>Discusses the shortage of qualified Native Americans available to serve as educational leaders for <span class="hlt">Indian</span> schools and describes <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota State University's American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Administrator Education Program as a possible solution. Indicates that the program is located between the Pine Ridge and Rosebud Sioux Reservations and leads to a master's…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=tribe&pg=4&id=EJ978225','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=tribe&pg=4&id=EJ978225"><span id="translatedtitle">A Comparative Analysis of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming in the United States</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Ackerman, William V.; Bunch, Rick L.</p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>Previous research on <span class="hlt">Indian</span> gaming in <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota discovered very restrictive and unfavorable tribal-state compacts that appear to border on economic racism. This article expands this previous research by exploring the influence of tribal-state <span class="hlt">Indian</span> gaming compacts for the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> casinos located in the contiguous United States. The purpose is…</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");'>11</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li class="active"><span>13</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_13 --> <div id="page_14" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li class="active"><span>14</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="261"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=assam&id=ED121701','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=assam&id=ED121701"><span id="translatedtitle">Political Stability and Continuity in the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> States During the Nehru Era, 1947-1964: A Statistical Analysis. <span class="hlt">South</span> Asia Series, Occasional Paper No. 19.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Singh, Baljit; Vajpeyi, Dhirendra K.</p> <p></p> <p>The period of Nehru's administration of India, 1974-1964, is statistically analyzed for political continuity and stability by examining the office terms of chief ministers for the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> states during that time. After a brief introduction, the document mainly consists of statistical tables. A summary table of percentage turnover of ministers and…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=gujarat&pg=3&id=ED121701','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=gujarat&pg=3&id=ED121701"><span id="translatedtitle">Political Stability and Continuity in the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> States During the Nehru Era, 1947-1964: A Statistical Analysis. <span class="hlt">South</span> Asia Series, Occasional Paper No. 19.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Singh, Baljit; Vajpeyi, Dhirendra K.</p> <p></p> <p>The period of Nehru's administration of India, 1974-1964, is statistically analyzed for political continuity and stability by examining the office terms of chief ministers for the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> states during that time. After a brief introduction, the document mainly consists of statistical tables. A summary table of percentage turnover of ministers and</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4159300','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4159300"><span id="translatedtitle">A Systematic Health Assessment of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean Bottlenose (Tursiops aduncus) and Indo-Pacific Humpback (Sousa plumbea) Dolphins Incidentally Caught in Shark Nets off the KwaZulu-Natal Coast, <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Lane, Emily P.; de Wet, Morné; Thompson, Peter; Siebert, Ursula; Wohlsein, Peter; Plön, Stephanie</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Coastal dolphins are regarded as indicators of changes in coastal marine ecosystem health that could impact humans utilizing the marine environment for food or recreation. Necropsy and histology examinations were performed on 35 <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops aduncus) and five Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins (Sousa plumbea) incidentally caught in shark nets off the KwaZulu-Natal coast, <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa, between 2010 and 2012. Parasitic lesions included pneumonia (85%), abdominal and thoracic serositis (75%), gastroenteritis (70%), hepatitis (62%), and endometritis (42%). Parasitic species identified were Halocercus sp. (lung), Crassicauda sp. (skeletal muscle) and Xenobalanus globicipitis (skin). Additional findings included bronchiolar epithelial mineralisation (83%), splenic filamentous tags (45%), non-suppurative meningoencephalitis (39%), and myocardial fibrosis (26%). No immunohistochemically positive reaction was present in lesions suggestive of dolphin morbillivirus, Toxoplasma gondii and Brucella spp. The first confirmed cases of lobomycosis and sarcocystosis in <span class="hlt">South</span> African dolphins were documented. Most lesions were mild, and all animals were considered to be in good nutritional condition, based on blubber thickness and muscle mass. Apparent temporal changes in parasitic disease prevalence may indicate a change in the host/parasite interface. This study provided valuable baseline information on conditions affecting coastal dolphin populations in <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa and, to our knowledge, constitutes the first reported systematic health assessment in incidentally caught dolphins in the Southern Hemisphere. Further research on temporal disease trends as well as disease pathophysiology and anthropogenic factors affecting these populations is needed. PMID:25203143</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25203143','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25203143"><span id="translatedtitle">A systematic health assessment of <span class="hlt">indian</span> ocean bottlenose (Tursiops aduncus) and indo-pacific humpback (Sousa plumbea) dolphins incidentally caught in shark nets off the KwaZulu-Natal Coast, <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Lane, Emily P; de Wet, Morné; Thompson, Peter; Siebert, Ursula; Wohlsein, Peter; Plön, Stephanie</p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>Coastal dolphins are regarded as indicators of changes in coastal marine ecosystem health that could impact humans utilizing the marine environment for food or recreation. Necropsy and histology examinations were performed on 35 <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops aduncus) and five Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins (Sousa plumbea) incidentally caught in shark nets off the KwaZulu-Natal coast, <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa, between 2010 and 2012. Parasitic lesions included pneumonia (85%), abdominal and thoracic serositis (75%), gastroenteritis (70%), hepatitis (62%), and endometritis (42%). Parasitic species identified were Halocercus sp. (lung), Crassicauda sp. (skeletal muscle) and Xenobalanus globicipitis (skin). Additional findings included bronchiolar epithelial mineralisation (83%), splenic filamentous tags (45%), non-suppurative meningoencephalitis (39%), and myocardial fibrosis (26%). No immunohistochemically positive reaction was present in lesions suggestive of dolphin morbillivirus, Toxoplasma gondii and Brucella spp. The first confirmed cases of lobomycosis and sarcocystosis in <span class="hlt">South</span> African dolphins were documented. Most lesions were mild, and all animals were considered to be in good nutritional condition, based on blubber thickness and muscle mass. Apparent temporal changes in parasitic disease prevalence may indicate a change in the host/parasite interface. This study provided valuable baseline information on conditions affecting coastal dolphin populations in <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa and, to our knowledge, constitutes the first reported systematic health assessment in incidentally caught dolphins in the Southern Hemisphere. Further research on temporal disease trends as well as disease pathophysiology and anthropogenic factors affecting these populations is needed. PMID:25203143</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=coyote&pg=4&id=ED160268','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=coyote&pg=4&id=ED160268"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indian</span> Legends.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Gurnoe, Katherine J.; Skjervold, Christian, Ed.</p> <p></p> <p>Presenting American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> legends, this material provides insight into the cultural background of the Dakota, Ojibwa, and Winnebago people. Written in a straightforward manner, each of the eight legends is associated with an <span class="hlt">Indian</span> group. The legends included here are titled as follows: Minnesota is Minabozho's Land (Ojibwa); How We Got the…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=MSFC-9804328&hterms=automobile+manufacturing&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3Dautomobile%2Bmanufacturing','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=MSFC-9804328&hterms=automobile+manufacturing&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3Dautomobile%2Bmanufacturing"><span id="translatedtitle">Improving Metal <span class="hlt">Casting</span> Process</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p></p> <p>1998-01-01</p> <p>Don Sirois, an Auburn University research associate, and Bruce Strom, a mechanical engineering Co-Op Student, are evaluating the dimensional characteristics of an aluminum automobile engine <span class="hlt">casting</span>. More accurate metal <span class="hlt">casting</span> processes may reduce the weight of some <span class="hlt">cast</span> metal products used in automobiles, such as engines. Research in low gravity has taken an important first step toward making metal products used in homes, automobiles, and aircraft less expensive, safer, and more durable. Auburn University and industry are partnering with NASA to develop one of the first accurate computer model predictions of molten metals and molding materials used in a manufacturing process called <span class="hlt">casting</span>. Ford Motor Company's <span class="hlt">casting</span> plant in Cleveland, Ohio is using NASA-sponsored computer modeling information to improve the <span class="hlt">casting</span> process of automobile and light-truck engine blocks.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/4207509','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/4207509"><span id="translatedtitle">SLIP <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> METHOD</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Allison, A.G.</p> <p>1959-09-01</p> <p>S>A process is described for preparing a magnesium oxide slip <span class="hlt">casting</span> slurry which when used in conjunction with standard <span class="hlt">casting</span> techniques results in a very strong "green" slip <span class="hlt">casting</span> and a fired piece of very close dimensional tolerance. The process involves aging an aqueous magnestum oxide slurry, having a basic pH value, until it attains a specified critical viscosity at which time a deflocculating agent is added without upsetting the basic pH value.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1980NW.....67..133K','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1980NW.....67..133K"><span id="translatedtitle">Evolution of halictine <span class="hlt">castes</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Knerer, Gerd</p> <p>1980-03-01</p> <p>Social halictine bees have female <span class="hlt">castes</span> that range from species with no size differences to those with a discrete bimodality. Female <span class="hlt">caste</span> differences are inversely correlated with the number of males produced in the first brood. It is proposed that the sexual dimorphism of solitary forms is being usurped by the female <span class="hlt">caste</span> system of species in the process of turning social. Thus, <span class="hlt">caste</span> differences and summer male suppression are greatest in the social species originating from solitary precursors with distinct sexual dimorphism, and are least in species evolving from solitary ancestors with a continuous sexual polymorphism.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=sting&pg=5&id=ED388473','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=sting&pg=5&id=ED388473"><span id="translatedtitle">An <span class="hlt">Indian</span> in White America.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Monroe, Mark; Reyer, Carolyn, Ed.</p> <p></p> <p>In his autobiography, Mark Monroe relates his life experiences as a Lakota Sioux <span class="hlt">Indian</span> in White America. The book begins with Monroe reminiscing about his happy childhood on the Rosebud Reservation in <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota. In 1941 his family moved to Alliance, Nebraska, and his father Dakota. In 1941 his family moved to Alliance, Nebraska, and his father…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=516768','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=516768"><span id="translatedtitle">Most of the extant mtDNA boundaries in <span class="hlt">South</span> and Southwest Asia were likely shaped during the initial settlement of Eurasia by anatomically modern humans</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Metspalu, Mait; Kivisild, Toomas; Metspalu, Ene; Parik, Jri; Hudjashov, Georgi; Kaldma, Katrin; Serk, Piia; Karmin, Monika; Behar, Doron M; Gilbert, M Thomas P; Endicott, Phillip; Mastana, Sarabjit; Papiha, Surinder S; Skorecki, Karl; Torroni, Antonio; Villems, Richard</p> <p>2004-01-01</p> <p>Background Recent advances in the understanding of the maternal and paternal heritage of <span class="hlt">south</span> and southwest Asian populations have highlighted their role in the colonization of Eurasia by anatomically modern humans. Further understanding requires a deeper insight into the topology of the branches of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> mtDNA phylogenetic tree, which should be contextualized within the phylogeography of the neighboring regional mtDNA variation. Accordingly, we have analyzed mtDNA control and coding region variation in 796 <span class="hlt">Indian</span> (including both tribal and <span class="hlt">caste</span> populations from different parts of India) and 436 Iranian mtDNAs. The results were integrated and analyzed together with published data from <span class="hlt">South</span>, Southeast Asia and West Eurasia. Results Four new <span class="hlt">Indian</span>-specific haplogroup M sub-clades were defined. These, in combination with two previously described haplogroups, encompass approximately one third of the haplogroup M mtDNAs in India. Their phylogeography and spread among different linguistic phyla and social strata was investigated in detail. Furthermore, the analysis of the Iranian mtDNA pool revealed patterns of limited reciprocal gene flow between Iran and the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> sub-continent and allowed the identification of different assemblies of shared mtDNA sub-clades. Conclusions Since the initial peopling of <span class="hlt">South</span> and West Asia by anatomically modern humans, when this region may well have provided the initial settlers who colonized much of the rest of Eurasia, the gene flow in and out of India of the maternally transmitted mtDNA has been surprisingly limited. Specifically, our analysis of the mtDNA haplogroups, which are shared between <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and Iranian populations and exhibit coalescence ages corresponding to around the early Upper Paleolithic, indicates that they are present in India largely as <span class="hlt">Indian</span>-specific sub-lineages. In contrast, other ancient <span class="hlt">Indian</span>-specific variants of M and R are very rare outside the sub-continent. PMID:15339343</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED345446.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED345446.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">"I'm Not <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Anymore": The Challenge of Providing Culturally Sensitive Services to American <span class="hlt">Indians</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>O'Connor, Susan</p> <p></p> <p>This report documents observations and findings from a site visit to Southern Hills Developmental Services (SHDS), an agency providing services to people with disabilities in the <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota community of Hot Springs. Half of the people using the services are American <span class="hlt">Indians</span>. The report discusses the Pine Ridge <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation and traditions…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=MSFC-9904300&hterms=footprint&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Dfootprint','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=MSFC-9904300&hterms=footprint&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Dfootprint"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Casting</span> Footprints for Eternity</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p></p> <p>1999-01-01</p> <p>Apollo 11 Astronaut Buzz Aldrin has his footprints <span class="hlt">casted</span> during the dedication ceremony of the rocket fountain at Building 4200 at Marshall Space Flight Center. The <span class="hlt">casts</span> of Aldrin's footprints will be placed in the newly constructed Von Braun courtyard representing the accomplishments of the Apollo 11 lunar landing.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19930015736','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19930015736"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean analyses</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Meyers, Gary</p> <p>1992-01-01</p> <p>The background and goals of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean thermal sampling are discussed from the perspective of a national project which has research goals relevant to variation of climate in Australia. The critical areas of SST variation are identified. The first goal of thermal sampling at this stage is to develop a climatology of thermal structure in the areas and a description of the annual variation of major currents. The sampling strategy is reviewed. Dense XBT sampling is required to achieve accurate, monthly maps of isotherm-depth because of the high level of noise in the measurements caused by aliasing of small scale variation. In the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean ship routes dictate where adequate sampling can be achieved. An efficient sampling rate on available routes is determined based on objective analysis. The statistical structure required for objective analysis is described and compared at 95 locations in the tropical Pacific and 107 in the tropical <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Oceans. XBT data management and quality control methods at CSIRO are reviewed. Results on the mean and annual variation of temperature and baroclinic structure in the <span class="hlt">South</span> Equatorial Current and Pacific/<span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean Throughflow are presented for the region between northwest Australia and Java-Timor. The mean relative geostrophic transport (0/400 db) of Throughflow is approximately 5 x 106 m3/sec. A nearly equal volume transport is associated with the reference velocity at 400 db. The Throughflow feeds the <span class="hlt">South</span> Equatorial Current, which has maximum westward flow in August/September, at the end of the southeasterly Monsoon season. A strong semiannual oscillation in the <span class="hlt">South</span> Java Current is documented. The results are in good agreement with the Semtner and Chervin (1988) ocean general circulation model. The talk concludes with comments on data inadequacies (insufficient coverage, timeliness) particular to the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean and suggestions on the future role that can be played by Data Centers, particularly with regard to quality control of data as research bodies are replaced by operational bodies in the Global Ocean Observing System.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://pubs.usgs.gov/gf/098/cover.pdf','USGSPUBS'); return false;" href="http://pubs.usgs.gov/gf/098/cover.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Tishomingo folio, <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Territory</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Taff, Joseph A.</p> <p>1903-01-01</p> <p>The Tishomingo quadrangle is bounded by meridians 96° 30' and 97° and parallels 34° and 34° 30', and occupies one-quarter of a square degree of the earth's surface.  It is 34.5 miles long north and <span class="hlt">south</span> and 28.58 miles wide, and contains about 986 square miles.  It lies in the southeastern part of the Chickasaw Nation, <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Territory, the eastern edge being nearly 3 miles west of the Choctaw-Chickasaw boudary line, and the southern side about 3 miles north of the nearest approach of Red River.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/793152','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/793152"><span id="translatedtitle">Clean Metal <span class="hlt">Casting</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Makhlouf M. Makhlouf; Diran Apelian</p> <p>2002-02-05</p> <p>The objective of this project is to develop a technology for clean metal processing that is capable of consistently providing a metal cleanliness level that is fit for a given application. The program has five tasks: Development of melt cleanliness assessment technology, development of melt contamination avoidance technology, development of high temperature phase separation technology, establishment of a correlation between the level of melt cleanliness and as <span class="hlt">cast</span> mechanical properties, and transfer of technology to the industrial sector. Within the context of the first task, WPI has developed a standardized Reduced Pressure Test that has been endorsed by AFS as a recommended practice. In addition, within the context of task1, WPI has developed a melt cleanliness sensor based on the principles of electromagnetic separation. An industrial partner is commercializing the sensor. Within the context of the second task, WPI has developed environmentally friendly fluxes that do not contain fluorine. Within the context of the third task, WPI modeled the process of rotary degassing and verified the model predictions with experimental data. This model may be used to optimize the performance of industrial rotary degassers. Within the context of the fourth task, WPI has correlated the level of melt cleanliness at various foundries, including a sand <span class="hlt">casting</span> foundry, a permanent mold <span class="hlt">casting</span> foundry, and a die <span class="hlt">casting</span> foundry, to the <span class="hlt">casting</span> process and the resultant mechanical properties. This is useful in tailoring the melt cleansing operations at foundries to the particular <span class="hlt">casting</span> process and the desired properties of <span class="hlt">cast</span> components.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16558257','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16558257"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Casting</span> in sport.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Decarlo, M; Malone, K; Darmelio, J; Rettig, A</p> <p>1994-03-01</p> <p>Attempts by sports medicine professionals to return high school athletes with hand and wrist injuries to competition quickly and safely have been the source of confusion and debate on many playing fields around the country. In addition to the differing views regarding the appropriateness of playing <span class="hlt">cast</span> usage in high school football, a debate exists among sports medicine professionals as to which material is best suited for playing <span class="hlt">cast</span> construction. Materials used in playing <span class="hlt">cast</span> construction should be hard enough to provide sufficient stabilization to the injured area and include adequate padding to absorb blunt impact forces. The purpose of the biomechanical portion of this investigation was to attempt to determine the most appropriate materials for use in constructing playing <span class="hlt">casts</span> for the hand and wrist by assessing different materials for: 1) hardness using a Shore durometer, and 2) ability to absorb impact using a force platform. Results revealed that RTV11 and Scotchcast were the "least hard" of the underlying <span class="hlt">casting</span> materials and that Temper Stick foam greatly increased the ability of RTV11 to absorb impact. Assessment of the mechanical properties of playing <span class="hlt">cast</span> materials and review of current developments in high school football rules are used to aid practitioners in choosing the most appropriate materials for playing <span class="hlt">cast</span> construction. PMID:16558257</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/541825','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/541825"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indian</span> Summer</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Galindo, E.</p> <p>1997-08-01</p> <p>This paper focuses on preserving and strengthening two resources culturally and socially important to the Shoshone-Bannock <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Tribe on the Fort Hall Reservation in Idaho; their young people and the Pacific-Northwest Salmon. After learning that salmon were not returning in significant numbers to ancestral fishing waters at headwater spawning sites, tribal youth wanted to know why. As a result, the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Summer project was conceived to give Shoshone-Bannock High School students the opportunity to develop hands-on, workable solutions to improve future <span class="hlt">Indian</span> fishing and help make the river healthy again. The project goals were to increase the number of fry introduced into the streams, teach the Shoshone-Bannock students how to use scientific methodologies, and get students, parents, community members, and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> mentors excited about learning. The students chose an egg incubation experiment to help increase self-sustaining, natural production of steelhead trout, and formulated and carried out a three step plan to increase the hatch-rate of steelhead trout in Idaho waters. With the help of local companies, governmental agencies, scientists, and mentors students have been able to meet their project goals, and at the same time, have learned how to use scientific methods to solve real life problems, how to return what they have used to the water and land, and how to have fun and enjoy life while learning.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/4282337','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/4282337"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">CASTING</span> METHOD AND APPARATUS</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Gray, C.F.; Thompson, R.H.</p> <p>1958-10-01</p> <p>An improved apparatus for the melting and <span class="hlt">casting</span> of uranium is described. A vacuum chamber is positioned over the <span class="hlt">casting</span> mold and connected thereto, and a rod to pierce the oxide skin of the molten uranium is fitted into the bottom of the melting chamber. The entire apparatus is surrounded by a jacket, and operations are conducted under a vacuum. The improvement in this apparatus lies in the fact that the top of the melting chamber is fitted with a plunger which allows squeezing of the oxide skin to force out any molten uranium remaining after the skin has been broken and the molten charge has been <span class="hlt">cast</span>.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/4310744','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/4310744"><span id="translatedtitle">CENTRIFUGAL <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> MACHINE</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Shuck, A.B.</p> <p>1958-04-01</p> <p>A device is described that is specifically designed to <span class="hlt">cast</span> uraniumn fuel rods in a vacuunn, in order to obtain flawless, nonoxidized <span class="hlt">castings</span> which subsequently require a maximum of machining or wastage of the expensive processed material. A chamber surrounded with heating elements is connected to the molds, and the entire apparatus is housed in an airtight container. A charge of uranium is placed in the chamber, heated, then is allowed to flow into the molds While being rotated. Water circulating through passages in the molds chills the <span class="hlt">casting</span> to form a fine grained fuel rod in nearly finished form.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19960014918&hterms=Adhesion&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D60%26Ntt%3DAdhesion','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19960014918&hterms=Adhesion&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D60%26Ntt%3DAdhesion"><span id="translatedtitle">Adhesion <span class="hlt">Casting</span> In Low Gravity</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Noever, David A.; Cronise, Raymond J.</p> <p>1996-01-01</p> <p>Adhesion <span class="hlt">casting</span> in low gravity proposed as technique for making new and improved materials. Advantages of low-gravity adhesion <span class="hlt">casting</span>, in comparison with adhesion <span class="hlt">casting</span> in normal Earth gravity, comes from better control over, and greater uniformity of, thicknesses of liquid films that form on and adhere to solid surfaces during <span class="hlt">casting</span>.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");'>12</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li class="active"><span>14</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_14 --> <div id="page_15" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li class="active"><span>15</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="281"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2257457','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2257457"><span id="translatedtitle">The lack of relationship between acetylator phenotype and idiopathic systemic lupus erythematosus in a <span class="hlt">South</span>-east Asian population: a study of <span class="hlt">Indians</span>, Malays and Malaysian Chinese.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Ong, M L; Mant, T G; Veerapen, K; Fitzgerald, D; Wang, F; Manivasagar, M; Bosco, J J</p> <p>1990-12-01</p> <p>An association of idiopathic systemic lupus erythematosus (ISLE) with genetically determined N-acetylation polymorphism has been suspected from previous studies, mainly on Caucasian populations in which there is an approximate incidence of 50% of slow and rapid acetylators. The present study is of the incidence of ISLE and acetylator status in a mixed population of Malaysia. The results did not support an association between ISLE and acetylator status: the frequencies of slow acetylators in the ISLE patients who were Malaysian Chinese and Malay were 13 and 38% respectively. This did not differ significantly from the respective healthy groups (20 and 29%). The small number of <span class="hlt">Indians</span> in the survey did not allow a valid comparison, but the figures did suggest a lack of association between ISLE and acetylator status. PMID:2257457</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/792701','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/792701"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Casting</span> Characteristics of Aluminum Die <span class="hlt">Casting</span> Alloys</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Makhlouf M. Makhlouf; Diran Apelian</p> <p>2002-02-05</p> <p>The research program investigates the <span class="hlt">casting</span> characteristics of selected aluminum die <span class="hlt">casting</span> alloys. Specifically, the alloys' tendencies towards die soldering and sludge formation, and the alloys' fluidity and machinability are evaluated. It was found that: When the Fe and Mn contents of the alloy are low; caution has to be taken against possible die soldering. When the alloy has a high sludge factor, particularly a high level of Fe, measures must be taken to prevent the formation of large hardspots. For this kind of alloy, the Fe content should be kept at its lowest allowable level and the Mn content should be at its highest possible level. If there are problems in die filling, measures other than changing the alloy chemistry need to be considered first. In terms of alloy chemistry, the elements that form high temperature compounds must be kept at their lowest allowable levels. The alloys should not have machining problems when appropriate machining techniques and machining parameters are used.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/4816907','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/4816907"><span id="translatedtitle">MOLDS FOR <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> PLUTONIUM</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Anderson, J.W.; Miley, F.; Pritchard, W.C.</p> <p>1962-02-27</p> <p>A coated mold for <span class="hlt">casting</span> plutonium comprises a mold base portion of a material which remains solid and stable at temperatures as high as the pouring temperature of the metal to be <span class="hlt">cast</span> and having a thin coating of the order of 0.005 inch thick on the interior thereof. The coating is composed of finely divided calcium fluoride having a particle size of about 149 microns. (AEC)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5446374','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5446374"><span id="translatedtitle">Method of <span class="hlt">casting</span> aerogels</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Poco, J.F.</p> <p>1993-09-07</p> <p>The invention describes a method for making monolithic <span class="hlt">castings</span> of transparent silica aerogel with densities in the range from 0.001 g/cm[sup 3] to 0.6 g/cm[sup 3]. Various shapes of aerogels are <span class="hlt">cast</span> in flexible polymer molds which facilitate removal and eliminate irregular surfaces. Mold dimensions are preselected to account for shrinkage of aerogel which occurs during the drying step of supercritical extraction of solvent. 2 figures.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/868910','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/868910"><span id="translatedtitle">Method of <span class="hlt">casting</span> aerogels</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Poco, John F.</p> <p>1993-01-01</p> <p>The invention describes a method for making monolithic <span class="hlt">castings</span> of transparent silica aerogel with densities in the range from 0.001 g/cm.sup.3 to 0.6 g/cm.sup.3. Various shapes of aerogels are <span class="hlt">cast</span> in flexible polymer molds which facilitate removal and eliminate irregular surfaces. Mold dimensions are preselected to account for shrinkage of alcogel which occurs during the drying step of supercritical extraction of solvent.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/de0514.photos.384117p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/de0514.photos.384117p/"><span id="translatedtitle">4. DETAIL, CASTIRON BASE, <span class="hlt">SOUTH</span> CORNER Mispillion Lighthouse, Beacon ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>4. DETAIL, <span class="hlt">CAST</span>-IRON BASE, <span class="hlt">SOUTH</span> CORNER - Mispillion Lighthouse, Beacon Tower, <span class="hlt">South</span> bank of Mispillion River at it confluence with Delaware River at northeast end of County Road 203, 7 miles east of Milford, Milford, Sussex County, DE</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20020062202','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20020062202"><span id="translatedtitle">A Winning <span class="hlt">Cast</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p></p> <p>2001-01-01</p> <p>Howmet Research Corporation was the first to commercialize an innovative <span class="hlt">cast</span> metal technology developed at Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama. With funding assistance from NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, Auburn University's Solidification Design Center (a NASA Commercial Space Center), developed accurate nickel-based superalloy data for <span class="hlt">casting</span> molten metals. Through a contract agreement, Howmet used the data to develop computer model predictions of molten metals and molding materials in <span class="hlt">cast</span> metal manufacturing. Howmet Metal Mold (HMM), part of Howmet Corporation Specialty Products, of Whitehall, Michigan, utilizes metal molds to manufacture net shape <span class="hlt">castings</span> in various alloys and amorphous metal (metallic glass). By implementing the thermophysical property data from by Auburn researchers, Howmet employs its newly developed computer model predictions to offer customers high-quality, low-cost, products with significantly improved mechanical properties. Components fabricated with this new process replace components originally made from forgings or billet. Compared with products manufactured through traditional <span class="hlt">casting</span> methods, Howmet's computer-modeled <span class="hlt">castings</span> come out on top.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/874624','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/874624"><span id="translatedtitle">Salvaged <span class="hlt">castings</span> and methods of salvaging <span class="hlt">castings</span> with defective <span class="hlt">cast</span> cooling bumps</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Johnson, Robert Alan; Schaeffer, Jon Conrad; Lee, Ching-Pang; Abuaf, Nesim; Hasz, Wayne Charles</p> <p>2002-01-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">Castings</span> for gas turbine parts exposed on one side to a high-temperature fluid medium have <span class="hlt">cast</span>-in bumps on an opposite cooling surface side to enhance heat transfer. Areas on the cooling surface having defectively <span class="hlt">cast</span> bumps, i.e., missing or partially formed bumps during <span class="hlt">casting</span>, are coated with a braze alloy and cooling enhancement material to salvage the part.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4743390','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4743390"><span id="translatedtitle">Chronic sub-clinical inflammation in the abdominal adipose tissue – Evaluation of inflammatory cytokines and their link with insulin resistance in metabolically obese <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indians</span>: A cross-sectional observational study</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Premanath, M.; Basavanagowdappa, H.; Mahesh, M.; Babu, M. Suresh; Devananda, D.</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>Objective: To measure the levels of proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6(IL-6), and high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and the anti-inflammatory cytokine adiponectin (AN) in obese <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subjects and to ascertain whether or not a causal role could be ascribed to these cytokines in the development of insulin resistance (IR). Materials and Methods: Forty obese and forty nonobese volunteers of both genders were recruited. Parameters such as body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and blood pressure were evaluated. Fasting blood sugar (FBS), fasting insulin level, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1C), lipid profile, TNF-α, IL-6, hs-CRP, and AN levels were measured. IR was evaluated by homeostatic model assessment-IR method. Abdominal adiposity was measured by ultrasonography. The results were statistically evaluated by appropriate tests. Results: BMI, WC, and visceral fat were high in the obese group. Females had higher subcutaneous fat in both groups. HbA1C was marginally high in the obese group (P = 0.014). IR was high in all the groups, obese males showing higher values (not significant[NS]). Total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein were high in the obese group (P = 0.028, P = 0.003). TNF-α was high in obese males (NS), IL-6 was high in both groups, higher in nonobese females (NS), hs-CRP was high in both groups, higher in females of both groups (NS). AN was high in females of both groups (P = 0.002). Conclusions: In this study on <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subjects, proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 and hs-CRP, despite being high, did not show any causal correlation either with abdominal obesity or with IR. TNF-α being normal showed some correlation which was inconsistent. Even the anti-inflammatory adipokine, AN did not show any correlation with IR. Cytokines had an inconsistent correlation with the components of metabolic syndrome hence were not useful. PMID:26904474</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22indian+child+welfare+act%22&id=ED461456','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22indian+child+welfare+act%22&id=ED461456"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indian</span> Orphanages.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Holt, Marilyn Irvin</p> <p></p> <p>With their traditional tribal and kinship ties, Native Americans had lived for centuries without the concept of an unwanted child. But besieged by reservation life and boarding school acculturation, many tribes, with the encouragement of whites, came to accept the need for orphanages. This book tells the story of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> orphanages within the…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=sex+AND+food&pg=7&id=EJ126404','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=sex+AND+food&pg=7&id=EJ126404"><span id="translatedtitle">Changes in the Food Habits of Asian <span class="hlt">Indians</span> in the United States: A Case Study</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Gupta, Santosh P.</p> <p>1975-01-01</p> <p>This exploratory study focused on acculturation in the food habits of first generation Asian <span class="hlt">Indian</span> immigrants in the United States. It was hypothesized that: 1) food habits of Asian <span class="hlt">Indians</span> are changing toward the American pattern; and 2) these changes are directly related to the subject's sex, <span class="hlt">caste</span>, age, marital status, and duration of exposure…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/7151370','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/7151370"><span id="translatedtitle">Steel <span class="hlt">castings</span> by the electroslag <span class="hlt">casting</span> technique. [CF8M</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Sikka, V.K.; Mitchell, A.</p> <p>1984-01-01</p> <p>ELectroslag <span class="hlt">casting</span> facilities in Canada and the United States were reviewed. Several valve body <span class="hlt">castings</span> of 2-1/4 Cr-1 Mo, 9 Cr-1 Mo, and 18% Cr-8% Ni(Mo) steels were made at the University of British Columbia facility. These <span class="hlt">castings</span> were examined for surface finish, chemical segregation, and macrostructure in the as-<span class="hlt">cast</span> condition and after various heat treatments. <span class="hlt">Castings</span> were subjected to tensile, Charpy impact, and creep testing. Results of these tests were compared with similar data on wrought material and sand <span class="hlt">castings</span>.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3499829','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3499829"><span id="translatedtitle">Diversity of Dicotyledenous-Infecting Geminiviruses and Their Associated DNA Molecules in Southern Africa, Including the <span class="hlt">South</span>-West <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean Islands</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Rey, Marie E. C.; Ndunguru, Joseph; Berrie, Leigh C.; Paximadis, Maria; Berry, Shaun; Cossa, Nurbibi; Nuaila, Valter N.; Mabasa, Ken G.; Abraham, Natasha; Rybicki, Edward P.; Martin, Darren; Pietersen, Gerhard; Esterhuizen, Lindy L.</p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>The family Geminiviridae comprises a group of plant-infecting circular ssDNA viruses that severely constrain agricultural production throughout the temperate regions of the world, and are a particularly serious threat to food security in sub-Saharan Africa. While geminiviruses exhibit considerable diversity in terms of their nucleotide sequences, genome structures, host ranges and insect vectors, the best characterised and economically most important of these viruses are those in the genus Begomovirus. Whereas begomoviruses are generally considered to be either monopartite (one ssDNA component) or bipartite (two circular ssDNA components called DNA-A and DNA-B), many apparently monopartite begomoviruses are associated with additional subviral ssDNA satellite components, called alpha- (DNA-αs) or betasatellites (DNA-βs). Additionally, subgenomic molecules, also known as defective interfering (DIs) DNAs that are usually derived from the parent helper virus through deletions of parts of its genome, are also associated with bipartite and monopartite begomoviruses. The past three decades have witnessed the emergence and diversification of various new begomoviral species and associated DI DNAs, in southern Africa, East Africa, and proximal <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean islands, which today threaten important vegetable and commercial crops such as, tobacco, cassava, tomato, sweet potato, and beans. This review aims to describe what is known about these viruses and their impacts on sustainable production in this sensitive region of the world. PMID:23170182</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23170182','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23170182"><span id="translatedtitle">Diversity of dicotyledenous-infecting geminiviruses and their associated DNA molecules in southern Africa, including the <span class="hlt">South</span>-west <span class="hlt">Indian</span> ocean islands.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Rey, Marie E C; Ndunguru, Joseph; Berrie, Leigh C; Paximadis, Maria; Berry, Shaun; Cossa, Nurbibi; Nuaila, Valter N; Mabasa, Ken G; Abraham, Natasha; Rybicki, Edward P; Martin, Darren; Pietersen, Gerhard; Esterhuizen, Lindy L</p> <p>2012-09-01</p> <p>The family Geminiviridae comprises a group of plant-infecting circular ssDNA viruses that severely constrain agricultural production throughout the temperate regions of the world, and are a particularly serious threat to food security in sub-Saharan Africa. While geminiviruses exhibit considerable diversity in terms of their nucleotide sequences, genome structures, host ranges and insect vectors, the best characterised and economically most important of these viruses are those in the genus Begomovirus. Whereas begomoviruses are generally considered to be either monopartite (one ssDNA component) or bipartite (two circular ssDNA components called DNA-A and DNA-B), many apparently monopartite begomoviruses are associated with additional subviral ssDNA satellite components, called alpha- (DNA-αs) or betasatellites (DNA-βs). Additionally, subgenomic molecules, also known as defective interfering (DIs) DNAs that are usually derived from the parent helper virus through deletions of parts of its genome, are also associated with bipartite and monopartite begomoviruses. The past three decades have witnessed the emergence and diversification of various new begomoviral species and associated DI DNAs, in southern Africa, East Africa, and proximal <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean islands, which today threaten important vegetable and commercial crops such as, tobacco, cassava, tomato, sweet potato, and beans. This review aims to describe what is known about these viruses and their impacts on sustainable production in this sensitive region of the world. PMID:23170182</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26824244','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26824244"><span id="translatedtitle">DNA Repair Gene (XRCC1) Polymorphism (Arg399Gln) Associated with Schizophrenia in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Population: A Genotypic and Molecular Dynamics Study.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Sujitha, S P; Kumar, D Thirumal; Doss, C George Priya; Aavula, K; Ramesh, R; Lakshmanan, S; Gunasekaran, S; Anilkumar, G</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>This paper depicts the first report from an <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population on the association between the variant Arg399Gln of XRCC1 locus in the DNA repair system and schizophrenia, the debilitating disease that affects 1% of the world population. Genotypic analysis of a total of 523 subjects (260 patients and 263 controls) revealed an overwhelming presence of Gln399Gln in the case subjects against the controls (P < 0.0068), indicating significant level of association of this nsSNP with schizophrenia; the Gln399 allele frequency was also perceptibly more in cases than in controls (p < 0.003; OR = 1.448). The results of the genotypic studies were further validated using pathogenicity and stability prediction analysis employing computational tools [I-Mutant Suite, iStable, PolyPhen2, SNAP, and PROVEAN], with a view toassess the magnitude of deleteriousness of the mutation. The pathogenicity analysis reveals that the nsSNP could be deleterious inasmuch as it could affect the functionality of the gene, and interfere with protein function. Molecular dynamics simulation of 60ns was performed using GROMACS to analyse structural change due to a mutation (Arg399Gln) that was never examined before. RMSD, RMSF, hydrogen bonds, radius of gyration and SASA analysis showedthe existence of asignificant difference between the native and the mutant protein. The present study gives astrong indication that the XRCC1 locus deserves serious attention, as it could be a potential candidatecontributing to the etio-pathogenesis of the disease. PMID:26824244</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4732819','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4732819"><span id="translatedtitle">DNA Repair Gene (XRCC1) Polymorphism (Arg399Gln) Associated with Schizophrenia in <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Population: A Genotypic and Molecular Dynamics Study</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Sujitha, S. P.; Kumar, D. Thirumal; Doss, C. George Priya; Aavula, K.; Ramesh, R.; Lakshmanan, S.; Gunasekaran, S.; Anilkumar, G.</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>This paper depicts the first report from an <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population on the association between the variant Arg399Gln of XRCC1 locus in the DNA repair system and schizophrenia, the debilitating disease that affects 1% of the world population. Genotypic analysis of a total of 523 subjects (260 patients and 263 controls) revealed an overwhelming presence of Gln399Gln in the case subjects against the controls (P < 0.0068), indicating significant level of association of this nsSNP with schizophrenia; the Gln399 allele frequency was also perceptibly more in cases than in controls (p < 0.003; OR = 1.448). The results of the genotypic studies were further validated using pathogenicity and stability prediction analysis employing computational tools [I-Mutant Suite, iStable, PolyPhen2, SNAP, and PROVEAN], with a view toassess the magnitude of deleteriousness of the mutation. The pathogenicity analysis reveals that the nsSNP could be deleterious inasmuch as it could affect the functionality of the gene, and interfere with protein function. Molecular dynamics simulation of 60ns was performed using GROMACS to analyse structural change due to a mutation (Arg399Gln) that was never examined before. RMSD, RMSF, hydrogen bonds, radius of gyration and SASA analysis showedthe existence of asignificant difference between the native and the mutant protein. The present study gives astrong indication that the XRCC1 locus deserves serious attention, as it could be a potential candidatecontributing to the etio-pathogenesis of the disease. PMID:26824244</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26396305','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26396305"><span id="translatedtitle">Retort process modelling for <span class="hlt">Indian</span> traditional foods.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Gokhale, S V; Lele, S S</p> <p>2014-11-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">Indian</span> traditional staple and snack food is typically a heterogeneous recipe that incorporates varieties of vegetables, lentils and other ingredients. Modelling the retorting process of multilayer pouch packed <span class="hlt">Indian</span> food was achieved using lumped-parameter approach. A unified model is proposed to estimate cold point temperature. Initial process conditions, retort temperature and % solid content were the significantly affecting independent variables. A model was developed using combination of vegetable solids and water, which was then validated using four traditional <span class="hlt">Indian</span> vegetarian products: Pulav (steamed rice with vegetables), Sambar (<span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> style curry containing mixed vegetables and lentils), Gajar Halawa (carrot based sweet product) and Upama (wheat based snack product). The predicted and experimental values of temperature profile matched with ±10 % error which is a good match considering the food was a multi component system. Thus the model will be useful as a tool to reduce number of trials required to optimize retorting of various <span class="hlt">Indian</span> traditional vegetarian foods. PMID:26396305</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Last+AND+resort&pg=6&id=EJ567899','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Last+AND+resort&pg=6&id=EJ567899"><span id="translatedtitle">"I Like the School so I Want To Come back": The Enrollment of American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Students at the Rapid City <span class="hlt">Indian</span> School.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Riney, Scott</p> <p>1998-01-01</p> <p>Examines the history of student recruitment and parental choice among Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs schools, focusing on Rapid City <span class="hlt">Indian</span> School (<span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota), 1898-1933. Discusses attitudes of American-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> parents toward various schools, strategies to keep siblings together, parental influence on schools' competition for students, and the</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4709632','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4709632"><span id="translatedtitle">Dissecting the influence of Neolithic demic diffusion on <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Y-chromosome pool through J2-M172 haplogroup</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Singh, Sakshi; Singh, Ashish; Rajkumar, Raja; Sampath Kumar, Katakam; Kadarkarai Samy, Subburaj; Nizamuddin, Sheikh; Singh, Amita; Ahmed Sheikh, Shahnawaz; Peddada, Vidya; Khanna, Vinee; Veeraiah, Pandichelvam; Pandit, Aridaman; Chaubey, Gyaneshwer; Singh, Lalji; Thangaraj, Kumarasamy</p> <p>2016-01-01</p> <p>The global distribution of J2-M172 sub-haplogroups has been associated with Neolithic demic diffusion. Two branches of J2-M172, J2a-M410 and J2b-M102 make a considerable part of Y chromosome gene pool of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subcontinent. We investigated the Neolithic contribution of demic dispersal from West to <span class="hlt">Indian</span> paternal lineages, which majorly consists of haplogroups of Late Pleistocene ancestry. To accomplish this, we have analysed 3023 Y-chromosomes from different ethnic populations, of which 355 belonged to J2-M172. Comparison of our data with worldwide data, including Y-STRs of 1157 individuals and haplogroup frequencies of 6966 individuals, suggested a complex scenario that cannot be explained by a single wave of agricultural expansion from Near East to <span class="hlt">South</span> Asia. Contrary to the widely accepted elite dominance model, we found a substantial presence of J2a-M410 and J2b-M102 haplogroups in both <span class="hlt">caste</span> and tribal populations of India. Unlike demic spread in Eurasia, our results advocate a unique, complex and ancient arrival of J2a-M410 and J2b-M102 haplogroups into <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subcontinent. PMID:26754573</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=gourd&id=ED202742','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=gourd&id=ED202742"><span id="translatedtitle">Wyoming <span class="hlt">Indians</span>, Unit II.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Robinson, Terry</p> <p></p> <p>This unit on Wyoming <span class="hlt">Indians</span> provides concepts, activities, <span class="hlt">Indian</span> stories, and resources for elementary school students. <span class="hlt">Indian</span> values and contributions are summarized. Concepts include the incorrectness of the term "<span class="hlt">Indian</span>," the <span class="hlt">Indians</span>' democratic society and sophisticated culture, historical events, and conflicts with whites over the land.…</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");'>13</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li class="active"><span>15</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_15 --> <div id="page_16" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li class="active"><span>16</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="301"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27084988','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27084988"><span id="translatedtitle">Persistent Organic Pollutants in albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) from Reunion Island (Southwest <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean) and <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa in relation to biological and trophic characteristics.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Munschy, C; Bodin, N; Potier, M; Héas-Moisan, K; Pollono, C; Degroote, M; West, W; Hollanda, S J; Puech, A; Bourjea, J; Nikolic, N</p> <p>2016-07-01</p> <p>The contamination of albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) by Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), namely polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dichlorodiphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT), was investigated in individuals collected from Reunion Island (RI) and <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa's (SA) southern coastlines in 2013, in relation to biological parameters and feeding ecology. The results showed lower PCB and DDT concentrations than those previously reported in various tuna species worldwide. A predominance of DDTs over PCBs was revealed, reflecting continuing inputs of DDT. Tuna collected from SA exhibited higher contamination levels than those from RI, related to higher dietary inputs and higher total lipid content. Greater variability in contamination levels and profiles was identified in tuna from RI, explained by a higher diversity of prey and more individualistic foraging behaviour. PCB and DDT contamination levels and profiles varied significantly in tuna from the two investigated areas, probably reflecting exposure to different sources of contamination. PMID:27084988</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/pa0567.photos.135744p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/pa0567.photos.135744p/"><span id="translatedtitle">25. "<span class="hlt">CAST</span> IRON HOWE TRUSS CARRYING PENNA STATE HIGHWAY ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>25. "<span class="hlt">CAST</span> IRON HOWE TRUSS - CARRYING PENNA STATE HIGHWAY ROUTE #83 OVER READING CO. TRACKS - <span class="hlt">SOUTH</span> OF READING, PENNA, Dwg. #6 - Sht. #1", dated November 20, 1956, shows partial side elevation of bridge truss, beginning at end post - Reading-Halls Station Bridge, U.S. Route 220, spanning railroad near Halls Station, Muncy, Lycoming County, PA</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/md1326.photos.384305p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/md1326.photos.384305p/"><span id="translatedtitle">17. PLANS & SECTIONS: 36" <span class="hlt">CAST</span> IRON BITS: USED AT ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>17. PLANS & SECTIONS: 36" <span class="hlt">CAST</span> IRON BITS: USED AT LOWER END OF PIER 5, DWG. 208, 1/2 SIZE, DRAWN BY W.B.C., MARCH 4, 1910 - Baltimore Inner Harbor, Pier 5, <span class="hlt">South</span> of Pratt Street between Market Place & Concord Street, Baltimore, Independent City, MD</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/pa2053.photos.356173p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/pa2053.photos.356173p/"><span id="translatedtitle">16. DETAIL OF WICKET AND <span class="hlt">CAST</span> IRON BALL JOINT (off ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>16. DETAIL OF WICKET AND <span class="hlt">CAST</span> IRON BALL JOINT (off site) - Bald Eagle Cross-Cut Canal Lock, North of Water Street along West Branch of Susquehanna River <span class="hlt">South</span> bank, 500 feet East of Jay Street Bridge, Lock Haven, Clinton County, PA</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/pa3387.photos.359740p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/pa3387.photos.359740p/"><span id="translatedtitle">View of foundrymen <span class="hlt">casting</span> ingot molds; The flames from the ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>View of foundrymen <span class="hlt">casting</span> ingot molds; The flames from the mold in the center-right of the photo are present immediately after the pour has been completed - Bethlehem Steel Corporation, <span class="hlt">South</span> Bethlehem Works, Iron Foundry, Along Lehigh River, North of Fourth Street, West of Minsi Trail Bridge, Bethlehem, Northampton County, PA</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27194655','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27194655"><span id="translatedtitle">Do scheduled <span class="hlt">caste</span> and scheduled tribe women legislators mean lower gender-<span class="hlt">caste</span> gaps in primary schooling in India?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Halim, Nafisa; Yount, Kathryn M; Cunningham, Solveig</p> <p>2016-07-01</p> <p>Despite India's substantial investments in primary schooling, gaps in schooling persist across gender and <span class="hlt">caste</span>-with scheduled <span class="hlt">caste</span> and scheduled tribe (SC/ST) girls being particularly disadvantaged. The representation of SC/ST women in state legislatures may help to mitigate this disadvantage. Specifically, because of her intersecting gender and <span class="hlt">caste</span>/tribe identities, a SC/ST woman legislator might maintain a strong sense of solidarity especially with SC/ST girls and women, and support legislative policies benefitting SC/ST girls. Consequently, for this reason, we expect that living in a district where SC/ST women represent in state legislatures in a higher proportion may increase SC/ST girls' primary school completion, progression and performance. We tested this hypothesis using district-level data between 2000 and 2004 from the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Election Commission, the 2004/5 India Human Development Survey, and the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Census of 2001. As expected, the representation of SC/ST women in state legislatures was positively associated with SC/ST girls' grade completion and age-appropriate grade progression but was apparent not SC/ST girls' primary-school performance. SC/ST women's representation in state legislatures may reduce gender-<span class="hlt">caste</span> gaps in primary-school attainment in India. PMID:27194655</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title34-vol2/pdf/CFR-2014-title34-vol2-sec303-19.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title34-vol2/pdf/CFR-2014-title34-vol2-sec303-19.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">34 CFR 303.19 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span>; <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-07-01</p> <p>... 34 Education 2 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true <span class="hlt">Indian</span>; <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. 303.19 Section 303.19 Education... DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in This Part § 303.19 <span class="hlt">Indian</span>; <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. (a) <span class="hlt">Indian</span> means an individual who is a member of an <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. (b) <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe means any Federal or State <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe,...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title34-vol2/pdf/CFR-2013-title34-vol2-sec303-19.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title34-vol2/pdf/CFR-2013-title34-vol2-sec303-19.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">34 CFR 303.19 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span>; <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-07-01</p> <p>... 34 Education 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Indian</span>; <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. 303.19 Section 303.19 Education... DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in This Part § 303.19 <span class="hlt">Indian</span>; <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. (a) <span class="hlt">Indian</span> means an individual who is a member of an <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. (b) <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe means any Federal or State <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe,...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title34-vol2/pdf/CFR-2012-title34-vol2-sec303-19.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title34-vol2/pdf/CFR-2012-title34-vol2-sec303-19.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">34 CFR 303.19 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span>; <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-07-01</p> <p>... 34 Education 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Indian</span>; <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. 303.19 Section 303.19 Education... DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in This Part § 303.19 <span class="hlt">Indian</span>; <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. (a) <span class="hlt">Indian</span> means an individual who is a member of an <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. (b) <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe means any Federal or State <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe,...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title34-vol2/pdf/CFR-2014-title34-vol2-sec300-21.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title34-vol2/pdf/CFR-2014-title34-vol2-sec300-21.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">34 CFR 300.21 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-07-01</p> <p>... 34 Education 2 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. 300.21 Section 300.21 Education... DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in This Part § 300.21 <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. (a) <span class="hlt">Indian</span> means an individual who is a member of an <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. (b) <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe means any Federal or State <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe,...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title34-vol2/pdf/CFR-2011-title34-vol2-sec300-21.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title34-vol2/pdf/CFR-2011-title34-vol2-sec300-21.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">34 CFR 300.21 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. 300.21 Section 300.21 Education... DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in This Part § 300.21 <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. (a) <span class="hlt">Indian</span> means an individual who is a member of an <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. (b) <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe means any Federal or State <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe,...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19730000032','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19730000032"><span id="translatedtitle">Method for <span class="hlt">casting</span> polyethylene pipe</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Elam, R. M., Jr.</p> <p>1973-01-01</p> <p>Short lengths of 7-cm ID polyethylene pipe are <span class="hlt">cast</span> in a mold which has a core made of room-temperature-vulcanizable (RTV) silicone. Core expands during <span class="hlt">casting</span> and shrinks on cooling to allow for contraction of the polyethylene.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19800000428&hterms=investment+casting&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3Dinvestment%2Bcasting','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19800000428&hterms=investment+casting&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3Dinvestment%2Bcasting"><span id="translatedtitle">Sealing micropores in thin <span class="hlt">castings</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Mersereau, G. A.; Nitzschke, G. O.; Ochs, H. L.; Sutch, F. S.</p> <p>1981-01-01</p> <p>Microscopic pores in thin-walled aluminum <span class="hlt">castings</span> are sealed by impregnation pretreatment. Technique was developed for investment <span class="hlt">castings</span> used in hermetically sealed chassic for electronic circuitry. Excessively high leakage rates were previously measured in some chassis.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/az0379.photos.321636p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/az0379.photos.321636p/"><span id="translatedtitle">1. Photographic copy of map. Map of Gila River <span class="hlt">Indian</span> ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>1. Photographic copy of map. Map of Gila River <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation, Arizona, Showing Allotted And Irrigated Land. Department of the Interior. U.S. <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Irrigation Service. July, 1916 (Source: National Archives, Washington, DC) - San Carlos Irrigation Project, Lands North & <span class="hlt">South</span> of Gila River, Coolidge, Pinal County, AZ</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nm0190.photos.217228p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nm0190.photos.217228p/"><span id="translatedtitle">15. Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>15. Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health Service, Division of Health Facilities, Albuquerque, New Mexico) Mayers, Murray, and Phillip, Architects, New York, NY, 1934 First Floor - plumbing - Taos <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health Center, 0.3 mile <span class="hlt">south</span>-southwest of Pueblos Plaza, Taos Pueblo, Taos County, NM</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nm0190.photos.217231p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nm0190.photos.217231p/"><span id="translatedtitle">18. Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>18. Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health Service, Division of Health Facilities, Albuquerque, New Mexico) Mayers, Murray, and Phillip, Architects, New York, NY, 1934 Detail sheet - Taos <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health Center, 0.3 mile <span class="hlt">south</span>-southwest of Pueblos Plaza, Taos Pueblo, Taos County, NM</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nm0190.photos.217229p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nm0190.photos.217229p/"><span id="translatedtitle">16 Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>16 Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health Service, Division of Health Facilities, Albuquerque, New Mexico) Mayers Murray, and Phillip, Architects, New York, NY, 1934 first floor mechanical plan - heating - Taos <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health Center, 0.3 mile <span class="hlt">south</span>-southwest of Pueblos Plaza, Taos Pueblo, Taos County, NM</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nm0190.photos.217227p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nm0190.photos.217227p/"><span id="translatedtitle">14. Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>14. Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health Service, Division of Health Facilities, Albuquerque, New Mexico) Mayers, Murray, and Phillip, Architects, New York, N&, 1934 Foundation Plan - Taos <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health Center, 0.3 mile <span class="hlt">south</span>-southwest of Pueblos Plaza, Taos Pueblo, Taos County, NM</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nm0190.photos.217230p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/nm0190.photos.217230p/"><span id="translatedtitle">17. Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>17. Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health Service, Division of Health Facilities, Albuquerque, New Mexico) Mayers, Murray, and Phillip, Architects, New York, NY, 1934 Elevations - Taos <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health Center, 0.3 mile <span class="hlt">south</span>-southwest of Pueblos Plaza, Taos Pueblo, Taos County, NM</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20050226973','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/20050226973"><span id="translatedtitle">Mix/<span class="hlt">Cast</span> Contamination Control</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Wallentine, M.</p> <p>2005-01-01</p> <p>Presented is a training handbook for Mix/<span class="hlt">Cast</span> Contamination Control; a part of a series of training courses to qualify access to Mix/<span class="hlt">Cast</span> facilities. Contents: List Contamination Control Requirements; Identify foreign objects debris (FOD), Control Areas and their guidelines; Describe environmental monitoring; List Contamination Control Initiatives; Describe concern for Controlled Materials; Identify FOD Controlled Areas in Mix/<span class="hlt">Cast</span>.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");'>14</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li class="active"><span>16</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_16 --> <div id="page_17" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li class="active"><span>17</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="321"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED091135.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED091135.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Casting</span> and Angling.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Smith, Julian W.</p> <p></p> <p>As part of a series of books and pamphlets on outdoor education, this manual consists of easy-to-follow instructions for fishing activities dealing with <span class="hlt">casting</span> and angling. The manual may be used as a part of the regular physical education program in schools and colleges or as a club activity for the accomplished weekend fisherman or the…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/865681','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/865681"><span id="translatedtitle">Extrusion <span class="hlt">cast</span> explosive</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Scribner, Kenneth J.</p> <p>1985-01-01</p> <p>Improved, multiphase, high performance, high energy, extrusion <span class="hlt">cast</span> explosive compositions, comprising, a crystalline explosive material; an energetic liquid plasticizer; a urethane prepolymer, comprising a blend of polyvinyl formal, and polycaprolactone; a polyfunctional isocyanate; and a catalyst are disclosed. These new explosive compositions exhibit higher explosive content, a smooth detonation front, excellent stability over long periods of storage, and lower sensitivity to mechanical stimulants.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/10162263','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/10162263"><span id="translatedtitle">Computer <span class="hlt">cast</span> blast modelling</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Chung, S.; McGill, M.; Preece, D.S.</p> <p>1994-07-01</p> <p><span class="hlt">Cast</span> blasting can be designed to utilize explosive energy effectively and economically for coal mining operations to remove overburden material. The more overburden removed by explosives, the less blasted material there is left to be transported with mechanical equipment, such as draglines and trucks. In order to optimize the percentage of rock that is <span class="hlt">cast</span>, a higher powder factor than normal is required plus an initiation technique designed to produce a much greater degree of horizontal muck movement. This paper compares two blast models known as DMC (Distinct Motion Code) and SABREX (Scientific Approach to Breaking Rock with Explosives). DMC, applies discrete spherical elements interacted with the flow of explosive gases and the explicit time integration to track particle motion resulting from a blast. The input to this model includes multi-layer rock properties, and both loading geometry and explosives equation-of-state parameters. It enables the user to have a wide range of control over drill pattern and explosive loading design parameters. SABREX assumes that heave process is controlled by the explosive gases which determines the velocity and time of initial movement of blocks within the burden, and then tracks the motion of the blocks until they come to a rest. In order to reduce computing time, the in-flight collisions of blocks are not considered and the motion of the first row is made to limit the motion of subsequent rows. Although modelling a blast is a complex task, the DMC can perform a blast simulation in 0.5 hours on the SUN SPARCstation 10--41 while the new SABREX 3.5 produces results of a <span class="hlt">cast</span> blast in ten seconds on a 486-PC computer. Predicted percentage of <span class="hlt">cast</span> and face velocities from both computer codes compare well with the measured results from a full scale <span class="hlt">cast</span> blast.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014EGUGA..16.9954L','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014EGUGA..16.9954L"><span id="translatedtitle">The Western Ghat as the water tower of the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Rivers : a stable isotope investigation on the origin of water and factors affecting the water cycle.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Lambs, Luc; Tripti, Muguli; Balakrishna, Keshava</p> <p>2014-05-01</p> <p>The long stretch (1600 km) of Ghats on the western side (Western Ghats) of Peninsular India separates relatively wetter west coast from drier eastern coast. The western and eastern sides of the Ghats are having distinct isotopic signatures indicating unequal distribution of the moisture sources. <span class="hlt">South</span> India is characterized by having moisture source for southwest monsoon from Arabian Sea and northeast monsoon from Bay of Bengal. The wetter side of Peninsular region is covered by combination of evergreen tropical forest and grass lands, termed as Shola Forests which support higher vapor recycling process. Very few isotopic studies have been undertaken in these areas, except few places, mainly along the coast lines. This study presents the stable isotope results on rivers and groundwater of the Western Ghats covering Agumbe (Karnataka) to Ooty (Tamil Nadu) and its west coast river basins as observed for the three year period. The stable isotope results on the surface, subsurface and deep water pools show that the mean d18O value range from -4 o to -2 o on the west slope, and from -5 o to -4 o on the east slope, with quite no altitude or amount effect up to 2000 m asl. The more depleted values are found only in higher elevation, like the Doddabeta in the Nilgiri (2637m), with d18O close to -9 o which is exceptional for a tropical area. The hills on the west slope of the Western Ghats as well as in the mountainous Shola forest exhibit strong water vapor recycling as evidenced by high d-excess values. On the contrary on the eastern slope, the drier condition and the numerous impoundments and river damming support strong evaporation process. Thus, the study identifies the profound effect of tropical vegetation and anthropogenic factors on the recharge functioning of river and groundwater pools in Southern India.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2910676','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2910676"><span id="translatedtitle">Predictors of mortality among elderly people living in a <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> urban community; a 10/66 Dementia Research Group prospective population-based cohort study</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>Background Eighty percent of deaths occur in low and middle income countries (LMIC), where chronic diseases are the leading cause. Most of these deaths are of older people, but there is little information on the extent, pattern and predictors of their mortality. We studied these among people aged 65 years and over living in urban catchment areas in Chennai, <span class="hlt">south</span> India. Methods In a prospective population cohort study, 1005 participants were followed-up after three years. Baseline assessment included sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics, health behaviours, physical, mental and cognitive disorders, disability and subjective global health. Results At follow-up, 257 (25.6%) were not traced. Baseline characteristics were similar to the 748 whose vital status was ascertained; 154 (20.6%) had died. The mortality rate was 92.5/1000 per annum for men and 51.0/1000 per annum for women. Adjusting for age and sex, mortality was associated with older age, male sex, having no friends, physical inactivity, smaller arm circumference, dementia, depression, poor self-rated health and disability. A parsimonious model included, in order of aetiologic force, male sex, smaller arm circumference, age, disability, and dementia. The total population attributable risk fraction was 0.90. Conclusion A balanced approach to prevention of chronic disease deaths requires some attention to proximal risk factors in older people. Smoking and obesity seem much less relevant than in younger people. Undernutrition is preventable. While dementia makes the largest contribution to disability and dependency, comorbidity is the rule, and more attention should be given to the chronic care needs of those affected, and their carers. PMID:20573243</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3586081','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3586081"><span id="translatedtitle">Design and baseline characteristics of the PODOSA (Prevention of Diabetes & Obesity in <span class="hlt">South</span> Asians) trial: a cluster, randomised lifestyle intervention in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and Pakistani adults with impaired glycaemia at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Douglas, Anne; Bhopal, Raj S; Bhopal, Ruby; Forbes, John F; Gill, Jason M R; McKnight, John; Murray, Gordon; Sattar, Naveed; Sharma, Anu; Wallia, Sunita; Wild, Sarah; Sheikh, Aziz</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Objectives To describe the design and baseline population characteristics of an adapted lifestyle intervention trial aimed at reducing weight and increasing physical activity in people of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and Pakistani origin at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Design Cluster, randomised controlled trial. Setting Community-based in Edinburgh and Glasgow, Scotland, UK. Participants 156 families, comprising 171 people with impaired glycaemia, and waist sizes ≥90 cm (men) and ≥80 cm (women), plus 124 family volunteers. Interventions Families were randomised into either an intensive intervention of 15 dietitian visits providing lifestyle advice, or a light (control) intervention of four visits, over a period of 3 years. Outcome measures The primary outcome is a change in mean weight between baseline and 3 years. Secondary outcomes are changes in waist, hip, body mass index, plasma blood glucose and physical activity. The cost of the intervention will be measured. Qualitative work will seek to understand factors that motivated participation and retention in the trial and families’ experience of adhering to the interventions. Results Between July 2007 and October 2009, 171 people with impaired glycaemia, along with 124 family volunteers, were randomised. In total, 95% (171/196) of eligible participants agreed to proceed to the 3-year trial. Only 13 of the 156 families contained more than one recruit with impaired glycaemia. We have recruited sufficient participants to undertake an adequately powered trial to detect a mean difference in weight of 2.5 kg between the intensive and light intervention groups at the 5% significance level. Over half the families include family volunteers. The main participants have a mean age of 52 years and 64% are women. Conclusions Prevention of Diabetes & Obesity in <span class="hlt">South</span> Asians (PODOSA) is one of the first community-based, randomised lifestyle intervention trials in a UK <span class="hlt">South</span> Asian population. The main trial results will be submitted for publication during 2013. Trial registration Current controlled trials ISRCTN25729565 (http://www.controlled-trials.com/isrctn/). PMID:23435795</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19950019648','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19950019648"><span id="translatedtitle">AMCC <span class="hlt">casting</span> development, volume 2</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p></p> <p>1995-01-01</p> <p>PCC successfully <span class="hlt">cast</span> and performed nondestructive testing, FPI and x-ray, on seventeen AMCC <span class="hlt">castings</span>. Destructive testing, lab analysis and chemical milling, was performed on eleven of the <span class="hlt">castings</span> and the remaining six <span class="hlt">castings</span> were shipped to NASA or Aerojet. Two of the six <span class="hlt">castings</span> shipped, lots 015 and 016, were fully processed per blueprint requirements. PCC has fully developed the gating and processing parameters of this part and feels the part could be implemented into production, after four more <span class="hlt">castings</span> have been completed to ensure the repeatability of the process. The AMCC <span class="hlt">casting</span> has been a technically challenging part due to its size, configuration, and alloy type. The height and weight of the wax pattern assembly necessitated the development of a hollow gating system to ensure structural integrity of the shell throughout the investment process. The complexity in the jacket area of the <span class="hlt">casting</span> required the development of an innovative <span class="hlt">casting</span> technology that PCC has termed 'TGC' or thermal gradient control. This method of setting up thermal gradients in the <span class="hlt">casting</span> during solidification represents a significant process improvement for PCC and has been successfully implemented on other programs. The alloy, JBK75, is a relatively new alloy in the investment <span class="hlt">casting</span> arena and required our engineering staff to learn the gating, processing, and dimensional characteristics of the material.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24686188','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24686188"><span id="translatedtitle">Association of seven functional polymorphisms of one-carbon metabolic pathway with total plasma homocysteine levels and susceptibility to Parkinson's disease among <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indians</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Kumudini, Nadella; Uma, Addepally; Naushad, Shaik Mohammad; Mridula, Rukmini; Borgohain, Rupam; Kutala, Vijay Kumar</p> <p>2014-05-01</p> <p>This study from <span class="hlt">South</span> India was performed to ascertain the impact of seven functional polymorphisms of one-carbon metabolic pathway on total plasma homocysteine levels and susceptibility to PD. A total of 151 cases of Parkinson's disease and 416 healthy controls were analyzed for fasting plasma homocysteine levels by reverse phase HPLC. PCR-RFLP approaches were used to analyze glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII) 1561 C>T, reduced folate carrier 1 (RFC1) 80 G>A, cytosolic serine hydroxymethyl transferase (cSHMT) 1420 C>T, methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677 C>T, methionine synthase (MTR) 2756 A>G and methionine synthase reductase (MTRR) 66 A>G polymorphisms. PCR-AFLP was used for the analysis of thymidylate synthase (TYMS) 5'-UTR 28bp tandem repeat. PD cases exhibited elevated plasma homocysteine levels compared to controls (men: 28.8 ± 6.9 vs. 16.4 ± 8.8 μmol/L; women: 25.4 ± 5.3 vs. 11.2 ± 5.1μmol/L). Homocysteine levels showed positive correlation with male gender (r=0.39, p<0.0001) and MTRR 66 A>G (r=0.31, p<0.0001) whereas an inverse correlation was observed with cSHMT 1420 C>T polymorphism. MTRR 66 A>G polymorphism showed independent risk for PD (OR: 3.42, 95% CI: 2.35-4.98) whereas cSHMT 1420 C>T conferred protection against PD (OR: 0.11, 95% CI: 0.07-0.17). Multifactor dimensionality reduction analysis showed synergistic interactions between MTHFR 677 C>T and MTRR 66 A>G, whereas cSHMT 1420 C>T exhibited counteracting interactions in altering susceptibility to PD. To conclude, PD cases exhibited hyperhomocysteinemia and MTRR 66 A>G and cSHMT 1420 C>T gene variants were shown to modulate PD risk by altering the homocysteine levels. PMID:24686188</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/672206','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/672206"><span id="translatedtitle">Melting and <span class="hlt">casting</span> of FeAl-based <span class="hlt">cast</span> alloy</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Sikka, V.K.; Wilkening, D.; Liebetrau, J.; Mackey, B.</p> <p>1998-11-01</p> <p>The FeAl-based intermetallic alloys are of great interest because of their low density, low raw material cost, and excellent resistance to high-temperature oxidation, sulfidation, carburization, and molten salts. The applications based on these unique properties of FeAl require methods to melt and <span class="hlt">cast</span> these alloys into complex-shaped <span class="hlt">castings</span> and centrifugal <span class="hlt">cast</span> tubes. This paper addresses the melting-related issues and the effect of chemistry on the microstructure and hardness of <span class="hlt">castings</span>. It is concluded that the use of the Exo-Melt{trademark} process for melting and the proper selection of the aluminum melt stock can result in porosity-free <span class="hlt">castings</span>. The FeAl alloys can be melted and <span class="hlt">cast</span> from the virgin and revert stock. A large variation in carbon content of the alloys is possible before the precipitation of graphite flakes occurs. Titanium is a very potent addition to refine the grain size of <span class="hlt">castings</span>. A range of complex sand <span class="hlt">castings</span> and two different sizes of centrifugal <span class="hlt">cast</span> tubes of the alloy have already been <span class="hlt">cast</span>.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22area+51%22&id=ED268987','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22area+51%22&id=ED268987"><span id="translatedtitle">Project DISC: Developing <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Software Curriculum.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Jacobi, Carolyn</p> <p></p> <p>Project DISC (Developing <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Software Curriculum) was initiated in the Rapid City (<span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota) school district to improve Native American children's reading and language arts ability and to provide them with microcomputer skills. During the summer of 1982, introductory computer activities were planned, a computer specialist was hired, and…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://gallery.usgs.gov/photos/08_20_2015_n63Ul88KKf_08_20_2015_11','SCIGOVIMAGE-USGS'); return false;" href="http://gallery.usgs.gov/photos/08_20_2015_n63Ul88KKf_08_20_2015_11"><span id="translatedtitle">Wetland Survey, Lower Brule <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation, SD</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href=""></a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>Lower Brule Sioux Tribe staff surveying wetland area of West Brule Community. A reconnaissance-level study of selected wetlands on and near the Lower Brule <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation in <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota was completed in 2012-13 by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Lower Brule Sioux Tribe using ...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://gallery.usgs.gov/photos/08_20_2015_n63Ul88KKf_08_20_2015_10','SCIGOVIMAGE-USGS'); return false;" href="http://gallery.usgs.gov/photos/08_20_2015_n63Ul88KKf_08_20_2015_10"><span id="translatedtitle">Unnamed Slough, Lower Brule <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation, SD</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href=""></a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>View of unnamed slough wetland area. A reconnaissance-level study of selected wetlands on and near the Lower Brule <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation in <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota was completed in 2012-13 by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Lower Brule Sioux Tribe using ground surveys and water-quality analyses...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://gallery.usgs.gov/photos/08_20_2015_n63Ul88KKf_08_20_2015_8','SCIGOVIMAGE-USGS'); return false;" href="http://gallery.usgs.gov/photos/08_20_2015_n63Ul88KKf_08_20_2015_8"><span id="translatedtitle">Miller Pond, Lower Brule <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation, SD</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href=""></a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>View of inundated dugout berms at Miller Pond wetland area. A reconnaissance-level study of selected wetlands on and near the Lower Brule <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation in <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota was completed in 2012-13 by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Lower Brule Sioux Tribe using ground surveys and...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=indian+AND+pines&pg=4&id=ED001130','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=indian+AND+pines&pg=4&id=ED001130"><span id="translatedtitle">FORMAL EDUCATION IN AN AMERICAN <span class="hlt">INDIAN</span> COMMUNITY.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>WAY, MURRAY L.; AND OTHERS</p> <p></p> <p>A RESEARCH PROJECT LOCATED AT PINE RIDGE RESERVATION, <span class="hlt">SOUTH</span> DAKOTA, INVESTIGATED CULTURAL DISHARMONY, LACK OF MOTIVE AND APPEALING CURRICULA, AND PRESERVATION OF INTENSITY. STUDY SHOWED THAT DROP-OUTS AMONG SIOUX CHILDREN USUALLY OCCUR BECAUSE OF TROUBLES WITH OTHER <span class="hlt">INDIANS</span>, NOT BECAUSE OF TEACHERS OR ADMINISTRATORS. PROBLEMS IN SIOUX EDUCATION…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title34-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title34-vol2-sec300-21.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title34-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title34-vol2-sec300-21.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">34 CFR 300.21 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-01</p> <p>... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. 300.21 Section 300.21... CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in This Part § 300.21 <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. (a) <span class="hlt">Indian</span> means an individual who is a member of an <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. (b) <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe means any Federal...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title34-vol2/pdf/CFR-2013-title34-vol2-sec300-21.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title34-vol2/pdf/CFR-2013-title34-vol2-sec300-21.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">34 CFR 300.21 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-07-01</p> <p>... 34 Education 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. 300.21 Section 300.21... CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in This Part § 300.21 <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. (a) <span class="hlt">Indian</span> means an individual who is a member of an <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. (b) <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe means any Federal...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title34-vol2/pdf/CFR-2012-title34-vol2-sec300-21.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title34-vol2/pdf/CFR-2012-title34-vol2-sec300-21.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">34 CFR 300.21 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-07-01</p> <p>... 34 Education 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. 300.21 Section 300.21... CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in This Part § 300.21 <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. (a) <span class="hlt">Indian</span> means an individual who is a member of an <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. (b) <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe means any Federal...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5381405','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5381405"><span id="translatedtitle">Extrusion <span class="hlt">cast</span> explosive</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Scribner, K.J.</p> <p>1985-01-29</p> <p>Improved, multiphase, high performance, high energy, extrusion <span class="hlt">cast</span> explosive compositions, comprising, a crystalline explosive material; an energetic liquid plasticizer; a urethane prepolymer, comprising a blend of polyvinyl formal, and polycaprolactone; a polyfunctional isocyanate; and a catalyst are disclosed. These new explosive compositions exhibit higher explosive content, a smooth detonation front, excellent stability over long periods of storage, and lower sensitivity to mechanical stimulants. 1 fig.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/7146119','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/7146119"><span id="translatedtitle">Extrusion <span class="hlt">cast</span> explosive</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Scribner, K.J.</p> <p>1985-11-26</p> <p>Disclosed is an improved, multiphase, high performance, high energy, extrusion <span class="hlt">cast</span> explosive compositions, comprising, a crystalline explosive material; an energetic liquid plasticizer; a urethane prepolymer, comprising a blend of polyvinyl formal, and polycaprolactone; a polyfunctional isocyanate; and a catalyst. These new explosive compositions exhibit higher explosive content, a smooth detonation front, excellent stability over long periods of storage, and lower sensitivity to mechanical stimulants. 1 fig.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=earthworks&id=ED346014','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=earthworks&id=ED346014"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indians</span> of Iowa.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Ohrn, Deborah Gore, Ed.</p> <p>1992-01-01</p> <p>This issue of "The Goldfinch" examines the history of American <span class="hlt">Indians</span> in Iowa. This volume's featured articles include: "Encounter"; "Iowa Earthworks"; "The Long Way Home"; "How One Learns, a Mesquakie Woman's Life Story"; "<span class="hlt">Indians</span> of Iowa"; "Little Brother Snares the Sun"; "Being <span class="hlt">Indian</span> in an Urban World"; and "<span class="hlt">Indian</span> Wars Myth." (DB)</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");'>15</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li class="active"><span>17</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_17 --> <div id="page_18" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li class="active"><span>18</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="341"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED062254.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED062254.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Social Studies: American <span class="hlt">Indian</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Foremen, Laurie K.</p> <p></p> <p>Junior high students taking the elective American studies quinmester course, "The American <span class="hlt">Indian</span>", will study <span class="hlt">Indian</span> culture and history, and United States government policy toward <span class="hlt">Indians</span>. It is hoped that students will learn to appreciate the contributions that <span class="hlt">Indians</span> made to this nation and will avoid the kind of stereotyping that frequently…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED354129.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED354129.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">American <span class="hlt">Indians</span> Today.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Snipp, C. Matthew</p> <p></p> <p>This paper reviews American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> demography and the political and economic conditions on <span class="hlt">Indian</span> reservations. After collapsing during the 19th century, the American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population grew gradually during the early 20th century, approaching 2 million in 1990. American <span class="hlt">Indians</span> are heavily concentrated in the West, northern Midwest, and Oklahoma;…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=GG&pg=4&id=EJ404428','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=GG&pg=4&id=EJ404428"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ledger Art.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Chilcoat, George W.</p> <p>1990-01-01</p> <p>Offers an innovative way to teach mid-nineteenth century North American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> history by having students create their own <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ledger art. Purposes of the project are: to understand the role played by American <span class="hlt">Indians</span>, to reveal American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> stereotypes, and to identify relationships between cultures and environments. Background and…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=ak+AND+47&id=ED141008','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=ak+AND+47&id=ED141008"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indian</span> Studies Program.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Peck, Cy, Sr.; And Others</p> <p></p> <p>A product of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Studies Curriculum Committee and the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Studies Staff, this manual on the <span class="hlt">Indians</span> of Southeast Alaska constitutes a useable classroom tool designed for the cross-cultural program in the Juneau School District. Objectives of this <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Studies Program are identified as: to increase knowledge, awareness, and positive…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=acculturation+AND+personality+AND+psychology&pg=2&id=ED063981','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=acculturation+AND+personality+AND+psychology&pg=2&id=ED063981"><span id="translatedtitle">Modern <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Psychology. Revised Edition.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Bryde, John F.</p> <p></p> <p>Written on the basis of senior <span class="hlt">Indian</span> verbal relatings collected over a 23-year span, this revised edition on modern <span class="hlt">Indian</span> psychology incorporates suggestions from <span class="hlt">Indian</span> students and their teachers, <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> social studies experts, and other <span class="hlt">Indian</span> people. The book contains 6 major divisions: (1) "Culture and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Values" relates…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3509117','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3509117"><span id="translatedtitle">The Phylogeography of Y-Chromosome Haplogroup H1a1a-M82 Reveals the Likely <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Origin of the European Romani Populations</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Pathak, Ajai Kumar; Singh, Vipin Kumar; Karmin, Monika; Singh, Manvendra; Rani, Deepa Selvi; Anugula, Sharath; Yadav, Brijesh Kumar; Singh, Ashish; Srinivasagan, Ramkumar; Yadav, Anita; Kashyap, Manju; Narvariya, Sapna; Reddy, Alla G.; Underhill, Peter A.; Villems, Richard; Kivisild, Toomas; Singh, Lalji; Thangaraj, Kumarasamy</p> <p>2012-01-01</p> <p>Linguistic and genetic studies on Roma populations inhabited in Europe have unequivocally traced these populations to the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subcontinent. However, the exact parental population group and time of the out-of-India dispersal have remained disputed. In the absence of archaeological records and with only scanty historical documentation of the Roma, comparative linguistic studies were the first to identify their <span class="hlt">Indian</span> origin. Recently, molecular studies on the basis of disease-causing mutations and haploid DNA markers (i.e. mtDNA and Y-chromosome) supported the linguistic view. The presence of <span class="hlt">Indian</span>-specific Y-chromosome haplogroup H1a1a-M82 and mtDNA haplogroups M5a1, M18 and M35b among Roma has corroborated that their <span class="hlt">South</span> Asian origins and later admixture with Near Eastern and European populations. However, previous studies have left unanswered questions about the exact parental population groups in <span class="hlt">South</span> Asia. Here we present a detailed phylogeographical study of Y-chromosomal haplogroup H1a1a-M82 in a data set of more than 10,000 global samples to discern a more precise ancestral source of European Romani populations. The phylogeographical patterns and diversity estimates indicate an early origin of this haplogroup in the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subcontinent and its further expansion to other regions. Tellingly, the short tandem repeat (STR) based network of H1a1a-M82 lineages displayed the closest connection of Romani haplotypes with the traditional scheduled <span class="hlt">caste</span> and scheduled tribe population groups of northwestern India. PMID:23209554</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011JOM....63g..19G','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011JOM....63g..19G"><span id="translatedtitle">Modeling of alloy <span class="hlt">casting</span> solidification</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Guo, Jianzheng; Samonds, Mark</p> <p>2011-07-01</p> <p>Alloy <span class="hlt">casting</span> solidification processes involve many physical phenomena such as chemistry variation, phase transformation, heat transfer, fluid flow, microstructure evolution, and mechanical stress.1 Simulation technologies are applied extensively in <span class="hlt">casting</span> industries to understand the effects of these phenomena on the formation of defects and on the final mechanical properties of the <span class="hlt">castings</span>. As of today, defect prediction is still one of the main purposes for <span class="hlt">casting</span> solidification simulation. In this paper, we will first present the commonly used microstructure simulation methods, then discuss the predictions of the major defects of a <span class="hlt">casting</span>, such as porosity, hot tearing, and macrosegregation. The modeling of <span class="hlt">casting</span> solidification can be chained with later stages of heat treatment such that the resultant microstructure, defects, and mechanical state will be used as the initial conditions of the subsequent processes, ensuring the tracking of the component history and maintaining a high level of accuracy across metallurgical stages.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19900010109','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19900010109"><span id="translatedtitle">High density tape <span class="hlt">casting</span> system</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Collins, Earl R., Jr. (Inventor)</p> <p>1989-01-01</p> <p>A system is provided for <span class="hlt">casting</span> thin sheets (or tapes) of particles bound together, that are used for oxygen membranes and other applications, which enables the particles to be <span class="hlt">cast</span> at a high packing density in a tape of uniform thickness. A slurry contains the particles, a binder, and a solvent, and is <span class="hlt">cast</span> against the inside walls of a rotating chamber. Prior to spraying the slurry against the chamber walls, a solvent is applied to a container. The solvent evaporates to saturate the chamber with solvent vapor. Only then is the slurry <span class="hlt">cast</span>. As a result, the slurry remains fluid long enough to spread evenly over the <span class="hlt">casting</span> surface formed by the chamber, and for the slurry particles to become densely packed. Only then is the chamber vented to remove solvent, so the slurry can dry. The major novel feature is applying solvent vapor to a rotating chamber before <span class="hlt">casting</span> slurry against the chamber walls.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19810000099&hterms=ceramic+slip&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D10%26Ntt%3Dceramic%2Bslip','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19810000099&hterms=ceramic+slip&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D10%26Ntt%3Dceramic%2Bslip"><span id="translatedtitle">Fiber-Reinforced Slip <span class="hlt">Castings</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Blome, J. C.; Drennan, D. N.; Keeser, H. M.</p> <p>1982-01-01</p> <p>Addition of silica fibers greatly reduces shrinkage and cracking during <span class="hlt">casting</span> of ceramics. Fiber-reinforced slip-<span class="hlt">cast</span> silica ceramics are also tougher and have lower dielectric loss. Silica fibers are hyperpure material containing only 1 part per million total metal-ion impurities. Hyperpure fibers ensure high reflectance and allow <span class="hlt">casting</span> to be fired at temperature greater than 2,200 degrees F without loss of strength from devitrification.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1015159','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1015159"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Cast</span> dielectric composite linear accelerator</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Sanders, David M.; Sampayan, Stephen; Slenes, Kirk; Stoller, H. M.</p> <p>2009-11-10</p> <p>A linear accelerator having <span class="hlt">cast</span> dielectric composite layers integrally formed with conductor electrodes in a solventless fabrication process, with the <span class="hlt">cast</span> dielectric composite preferably having a nanoparticle filler in an organic polymer such as a thermosetting resin. By incorporating this <span class="hlt">cast</span> dielectric composite the dielectric constant of critical insulating layers of the transmission lines of the accelerator are increased while simultaneously maintaining high dielectric strengths for the accelerator.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=casting+AND+test&pg=2&id=ED195372','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=casting+AND+test&pg=2&id=ED195372"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Casting</span> Equipment. <span class="hlt">Casting</span> and Angling Skills Series. Instructor Manual.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Staton, Robert D., Jr.</p> <p></p> <p>Part of a series of self-contained instructional units designed by the Missouri Department of Conservation to teach Missourians how to use outdoor resources wisely and skillfully, the instructor manual, the first in the <span class="hlt">casting</span> and angling series, is intended both as a reference book on <span class="hlt">casting</span> equipment and as an introduction to the sport.…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15598623','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15598623"><span id="translatedtitle">Variability of the southwest <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>de Ruijter, Wilhelmus P M; Ridderinkhof, Herman; Schouten, Mathijs W</p> <p>2005-01-15</p> <p>The variability in the southwest <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean is connected to the basin-scale and global-scale ocean circulation. Two bands of enhanced variability stretch across the Southern <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean east of Madagascar around 12 degrees S and 25 degrees S, respectively. They mark the preferred routes along which anomalies, generated by varying forcing over the central basin, near the eastern boundary or in the equatorial region, propagate westward as baroclinic Rossby waves. Sea-surface height anomalies pass along the northern tip of Madagascar and are observed by satellite altimetry to propagate into the central Mozambique Channel. There, eddies are subsequently formed that propagate southward into the Agulhas retroflection region. The anomalies along the southern band trigger the formation of large dipolar vortex pairs in the separation region of the East Madagascar Current at the southern tip of the island. <span class="hlt">South</span> of Africa these eddies and dipoles trigger the shedding of Agulhas Rings that feed the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation with warm, salty, <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean water. Interannual variability of the forcing over the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean, such as that associated with the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean Dipole/El Nino climate modes, propagates along these pathways and leads to associated modulations of the eddy transports into the <span class="hlt">South</span> Atlantic. PMID:15598623</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015ClDy..tmp..420C','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015ClDy..tmp..420C"><span id="translatedtitle">Tropical <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean response to the decay phase of El Niño in a coupled model and associated changes in <span class="hlt">south</span> and east-Asian summer monsoon circulation and rainfall</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Chowdary, Jasti S.; Parekh, Anant; Kakatkar, Rashmi; Gnanaseelan, C.; Srinivas, G.; Singh, Prem; Roxy, M. K.</p> <p>2015-10-01</p> <p>This study investigates the response of tropical <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean (TIO) sea surface temperature (SST) to El Niño decay phase and its impacts on <span class="hlt">South</span> and East Asian summer monsoon in the National Centers for Environmental Prediction Climate Forecast System version 2 free run. The TIO basin-wide warming induced by El Niño at its peak phase (winter; DJF) and next spring (MAM + 1) are reasonably well captured by the model but with weak magnitude. This TIO basin-wide SST warming persists until summer (JJA + 1) and exert strong impact on summer monsoon rainfall and circulation as revealed in the observations. However, TIO SST anomalies are very weak in the model during the El Niño decaying summers. Though El Niño decay is delayed by 2 months in the model, decay of TIO SST warming is faster than the observations. Anomalous latent heat loss from ocean and a feeble southern TIO Rossby waves associated with weak wind response to El Niño are mainly accountable for rapid decay of TIO SST warming by mid-summer in the model. This suggests that JJA + 1 TIO SST response to El Niño decay phase in the model is poorly represented. The model is able to capture the SST anomalies associated with the northwest Pacific anticyclone at the peak phase of El Niño but fail to maintain that during the decay phase in MAM + 1 and JJA + 1. It is found that precipitation and circulation anomalies associated with TIO SST warming over the <span class="hlt">South</span> and East Asian regions are disorganized in the model during the decay phase of El Niño. Rainfall anomalies over the southwest TIO, west coast of India, northern flank of northwest Pacific anticyclone and over Japan in JJA + 1 are poorly represented by the model. Analysis of lower troposphere stream function and rotational wind component reveals that northwest Pacific anticyclone shifted far eastward to the date line in the model during JJA + 1 unlike in the observations. Anomalous divergence observed over the western TIO and convergence in the northwest Pacific are absent in the model during JJA + 1. Extension of anomalous tropospheric warming from TIO region to equatorial western Pacific is also very weak in the model due to poor representation of TIO SSTs and the subsequent absence of any Kelvin wave response. Anomalous Walker circulation persisted from DJF to JJA + 1 due to El Niño late decay in the model unlike in the observations. This is also found to be responsible for the redundant changes in SST, rainfall and circulation over the Indo-western Pacific in the model. This study demonstrates that it is essential to represent the decay phase of El Niño and the associated TIO response accurately to have realistic simulations of summer monsoon in the decaying year.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26511066','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26511066"><span id="translatedtitle">The paternal ancestry of Uttarakhand does not imitate the classical <span class="hlt">caste</span> system of India.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Negi, Neetu; Tamang, Rakesh; Pande, Veena; Sharma, Amrita; Shah, Anish; Reddy, Alla G; Vishnupriya, Satti; Singh, Lalji; Chaubey, Gyaneshwer; Thangaraj, Kumarasamy</p> <p>2016-02-01</p> <p>Although, there have been rigorous research on the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> <span class="hlt">caste</span> system by several disciplines, it is still one of the most controversial socioscientific topic. Previous genetic studies on the subcontinent have supported a classical hierarchal sharing of genetic component by various <span class="hlt">castes</span> of India. In the present study, we have used high-resolution mtDNA and Y chromosomal markers to characterize the genetic structuring of the Uttarakhand populations in the context of neighboring regions. Furthermore, we have tested whether the genetic structuring of <span class="hlt">caste</span> populations at different social levels of this region, follow the classical chaturvarna system. Interestingly, we found that this region showed a high level of variation for East Eurasian ancestry in both maternal and paternal lines of descent. Moreover, the intrapopulation comparison showed a high level of heterogeneity, likely because of different <span class="hlt">caste</span> hierarchy, interpolated on asymmetric admixture of populations inhabiting on both sides of the Himalayas. PMID:26511066</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20308117','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20308117"><span id="translatedtitle">Biomaterials by freeze <span class="hlt">casting</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Wegst, Ulrike G K; Schecter, Matthew; Donius, Amalie E; Hunger, Philipp M</p> <p>2010-04-28</p> <p>The functional requirements for synthetic tissue substitutes appear deceptively simple: they should provide a porous matrix with interconnecting porosity and surface properties that promote rapid tissue ingrowth; at the same time, they should possess sufficient stiffness, strength and toughness to prevent crushing under physiological loads until full integration and healing are reached. Despite extensive efforts and first encouraging results, current biomaterials for tissue regeneration tend to suffer common limitations: insufficient tissue-material interaction and an inherent lack of strength and toughness associated with porosity. The challenge persists to synthesize materials that mimic both structure and mechanical performance of the natural tissue and permit strong tissue-implant interfaces to be formed. In the case of bone substitute materials, for example, the goal is to engineer high-performance composites with effective properties that, similar to natural mineralized tissue, exceed by orders of magnitude the properties of its constituents. It is still difficult with current technology to emulate in synthetic biomaterials multi-level hierarchical composite structures that are thought to be the origin of the observed mechanical property amplification in biological materials. Freeze <span class="hlt">casting</span> permits to manufacture such complex, hybrid materials through excellent control of structural and mechanical properties. As a processing technique for the manufacture of biomaterials, freeze <span class="hlt">casting</span> therefore has great promise. PMID:20308117</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=flute&pg=3&id=EJ293972','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=flute&pg=3&id=EJ293972"><span id="translatedtitle">Improvising on an <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Flute.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Giles, Martha Mead</p> <p>1984-01-01</p> <p>The <span class="hlt">Indian</span> flute can be used by teachers to supplement classroom study of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> culture. <span class="hlt">Indians</span> used it as a personal instrument. Describes how an <span class="hlt">Indian</span> flute can be made, and suggests improvising bird calls and melodies on it. (CS)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED075130.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED075130.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">"<span class="hlt">Indian</span> Education in the Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs."</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Hawkins, James E.</p> <p></p> <p>The role of the Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs (BIA) in American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> education is discussed in this speech. At the present time, this role is limited to federally recognized <span class="hlt">Indians</span> living on reservations or <span class="hlt">Indian</span> trust land; for other <span class="hlt">Indian</span> students, the BIA's role is that of an advocate, helping <span class="hlt">Indian</span> people get what they want and need in regard…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=GL-2002-001470&hterms=swaziland&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D60%26Ntt%3Dswaziland','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=GL-2002-001470&hterms=swaziland&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D60%26Ntt%3Dswaziland"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">South</span> Africa</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p></p> <p>2002-01-01</p> <p>This true-color image of <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa was acquired on May 14, 2000, by NASA's Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, or MODIS. The image was produced using a combination of the sensor's 250-m and 500-m resolution visible wavelength bands. As part of the opening ceremony to begin the joint U.S.-<span class="hlt">South</span> Africa SAFARI Field Experiment, NASA presented print copies of this image as GIFts to Dr. Ben Ngubane, Minister of Arts, Science and Technology, and Honorable Advocate Ngoaka Ramathlodi, Premier of the Northern Province, <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa. The area shown in this image encompasses seven capital cities and a number of the region's distinctive geological features can be seen clearly. Toward the northern (top) central part of the image, the browns and tans comprise the Kalahari Desert of southern Botswana. The Tropic of Capricorn runs right through the heart of the Kalahari and the Botswanan capital city of Gaborone sits on the Limpopo River, southeast of the Kalahari. Along the western coastline of the continent is the country of Namibia, where the Namib Desert is framed against the sea by the Kaokoveld Mountains. The Namibian capital of Windhoek is obscured by clouds. Looking closely in the center of the image, the Orange River can be seen running from east to west, demarcating the boundary between Namibia and <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa. On the southwestern corner of the continent is the hook-like Cape of Good Hope peninsula and Cape Town, the parliamentary capital of <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa. Running west to east away from Cape Town are the Great Karroo Mountains. The shadow in this image conveys a sense of the very steep grade of the cliffs along the southern coast of <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa. Port Elizabeth sits on the southeasternmost point of <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa, and a large phytoplankton bloom can be seen in the water about 100 miles east of there. Moving northward along the east coast, the Drakensberg Mountains are visible. The two small nations of Lesotho and Swaziland are in this region, completely contained within <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa's boundaries. In the upper righthand corner of the image is the Bay of Maputo, where sits Maputo, the capital of Mozambique. Fires are visible in the northeast corner of the image, near Maputo. Just north of Maputo is where the Limpopo River empties into the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. Tracing the Limpopo inland back toward the west, this river defines the northern boundary of <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa with both Zimbabwe and Botswana. Johannesburg, the commercial capital of <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa, can be seen as the greyish pixels in the northeastern region of the country. The country's legislative capital, Pretoria, is about 50 miles north of Johannesburg and 250 miles west of Maputo, in the heart of the Northern Province (formerly known as Transvaal). (Image courtesy Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Group, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12285490','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12285490"><span id="translatedtitle">Ecological organization of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> society.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Gadgil, M</p> <p>1991-01-01</p> <p>Some of the factors involved in securing the well being of an <span class="hlt">Indian</span> rural population in a sustainable and environmentally sound fashion are discussed. Population pressure on the land and declining productivity threaten the balance between man and nature. The options are to provide outside technological inputs and/or to empower the rural population who may be able to provide an intimate knowledge of the local environment and must be organized and motivated to value and protect their resource base. Attention in paid to the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> <span class="hlt">caste</span> system, resource use diversification, group size and range, group dynamics, elites and the ecosystem, the drain on rural resources, the iron triangle of beneficiaries of subsidies, of administrators of subsidies, and of politicians, and the growing strife. The <span class="hlt">Indian</span> <span class="hlt">caste</span> system is differentiated by its subgroups which maintain communication within the subgroup, and resource access is determined by an individual's affiliation with the subgroup. It is not a smooth continuum between subgroups. Inequalities in resource access can create social tensions and/or partitioning of resources. The example is given of the subgroups Gavlis and Kunbis, in the Western Ghats in Pune district of Maharashtra, where exchanges are made for livestock or surplus grain, and the multicaste system of 40 subgroups in Uttara Kannada, with occupations specific to each subgroup. In order to function effectively as a subgroup the numbers must be limited or splinter groups develop. Several estimates of possible ranges are given, i.e., an upper limit of 10,000 or the equivalent of a subcaste and 10-20 endogenous groups/larger village with an area of 1000 km. Mergers and group splits are described among the Gavlis in Western Ghat and Tirumal Nadivallas and settlers of the Andaman Islands. Historically, communities were self-sufficient and surrounded elite communities; they had their own self-government and organized local resources for sustainable use, even though this was sometimes inequitable but not overexploited. Elites formed on the surplus of resources, but there was little outflow to other regions. British colonial rule made tremendous changes which led to the lack of security within depressed subgroups. The resources were controlled by the elite in the iron triangle at the expense of the small landholder, landless agricultural workers, village artisans, tribals and nomads, and urban slum dwellers. There was no reason for efficient resource use, and development was wasteful and benefited the elites. Regionalism is growing as well as tension between the elites and the poorer members of minorities. PMID:12285490</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Aluminum&pg=7&id=EJ226812','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Aluminum&pg=7&id=EJ226812"><span id="translatedtitle">Lost-Soap Aluminum <span class="hlt">Casting</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Mihalow, Paula</p> <p>1980-01-01</p> <p>Lost-wax <span class="hlt">casting</span> in sterling silver is a costly experience for the average high school student. However, this jewelry process can be learned at no cost if scrap aluminum is used instead of silver, and soap bars are used instead of wax. This lost-soap aluminum <span class="hlt">casting</span> process is described. (Author/KC)</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");'>16</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li class="active"><span>18</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_18 --> <div id="page_19" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li class="active"><span>19</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="361"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5270741','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5270741"><span id="translatedtitle">Electroslag component <span class="hlt">casting</span>. [Nickel aluminide</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Sikka, V.K.</p> <p>1986-01-01</p> <p>This project is directed toward the development of electroslag-<span class="hlt">casting</span> (ESC) technology for use in coal conversion components such as valve bodies, pump housings, and pipe fittings. The aim is also to develop a sufficient data base to permit electroslag <span class="hlt">casting</span> to become an ASME Code-accepted process. It is also intended to transfer the ESC process technology to private industry. A total of 32 electroslag <span class="hlt">castings</span> of 2.25Cr-1Mo, 9Cr-1Mo, type 316, and nickel aluminide were procured from four facilities for evaluation (Table 1). The most complex <span class="hlt">castings</span> procured during this program were the valve bodies shown in Figure 2. The <span class="hlt">castings</span> were subjected to various heat treatments (Table 2), checked for chemical composition uniformity from top to bottom, and subjected to macrostructural evaluation and mechanical properties testing. Results are discussed. 10 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18180390','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18180390"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Cast</span> and splint immobilization: complications.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Halanski, Matthew; Noonan, Kenneth J</p> <p>2008-01-01</p> <p>During the past three decades, internal fixation has become increasingly popular for fracture management and limb reconstruction. As a result, during their training, orthopaedic surgeons receive less formal instruction in the art of extremity immobilization and <span class="hlt">cast</span> application and removal. <span class="hlt">Casting</span> is not without risks and complications (eg, stiffness, pressure sores, compartment syndrome); the risk of morbidity is higher when <span class="hlt">casts</span> are applied by less experienced practitioners. Certain materials and methods of ideal <span class="hlt">cast</span> and splint application are recommended to prevent morbidity in the patient who is at high risk for complications with <span class="hlt">casting</span> and splinting. Those at high risk include the obtunded or comatose multitrauma patient, the patient under anesthesia, the very young patient, the developmentally delayed patient, and the patient with spasticity. PMID:18180390</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-01-11/pdf/E9-31374.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-01-11/pdf/E9-31374.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">75 FR 1384 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health Professions Preparatory, <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health Professions Pregraduate and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-11</p> <p>... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health Service <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health Professions Preparatory, <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health Professions Pregraduate and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Health Professions Scholarship Programs Announcement Type: Initial. CFDA Numbers:...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED141016.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED141016.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indian</span> Education Project: An Abridgment.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Stevenson, Sharon</p> <p></p> <p>Synthesizing two priority proposals identified by the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Education Project of Michigan, this report outlines a proposal for establishing an <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Education Center (staffed by American <span class="hlt">Indians</span> and advised by a University Advisory Committee made up of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> parents and the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> community) to meet the needs of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> students and…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Boa&pg=2&id=EJ013646','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Boa&pg=2&id=EJ013646"><span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Languages</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Strong, Augusta</p> <p>1969-01-01</p> <p>Appraisal of Boas'"Introduction to Handbook of American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Languages (1911), and Powell's "<span class="hlt">Indian</span> Linguistic Famlies of America North of Mexico (1891), as reissued by University of Nebraska, Lincoln. (AF)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21869467','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21869467"><span id="translatedtitle">Genetic admixture studies on four in situ evolved, two migrant and twenty-one ethnic populations of Tamil Nadu, <span class="hlt">south</span> India.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Suhasini, G; Sonaa, E; Shila, S; Srikumari, C R; Jayaraman, G; Ramesh, A</p> <p>2011-08-01</p> <p>We analysed the genetic structure of ≈ 1000 samples representing 27 ethnic groups settled in Tamil Nadu, <span class="hlt">south</span> India, derived from two linguistic families (Dravidians and Indo-Europeans) representing four religious groups (Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and Jainism) using 11 mtDNA markers. Out of 27 ethnic groups, four are in situ populations (Anglo-<span class="hlt">Indian</span>, Labbai Muslim, Nadar Christian and <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Jain) and two are migrants (Gypsy and north <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Jain) from north India to Tamil Nadu, and 21 are native ethnic groups. Six of the markers we used were monomorphic (HaeIII663, HpaI3592, AluI5176, AluI7025, AluI13262, 9-bp deletion) and five markers were polymorphic (DdeI10394, AluI10397, HinfI12308, HincII13259 and HaeIII16517). Haplogroup frequencies, genetic affinities and admixture analysis are based on the genotype data of polymorphic markers observed in these populations. Haplogroup frequencies indicate that various ethnic groups entered Tamil Nadu during different time periods. Genetic affinities and admixture estimates revealed that the ethnic groups possessing advanced knowledge of farming cluster in a branch (C), and could be the late arrived settlers as agriculture, was introduced to this region at about 5 to 3 thousand years ago. In situ ethnic groups appear to have arisen at various times as a result of the prevailing dominant socio-cultural forces. Hierarchical Hindu <span class="hlt">caste</span> system created many ethnic groups in the history of its existence; some of them became isolated for considerable period of time. Over all, among Tamil ethnic groups, in spite of <span class="hlt">caste</span> systems' rigidity, built in flexibility in the system in the form of hypergamy and hypogamy had allowed maternal gene flow between them. PMID:21869467</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=BOSCH&pg=2&id=ED408832','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=BOSCH&pg=2&id=ED408832"><span id="translatedtitle">Focus on <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa. Varieties of English Around the World, Volume 15.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>de Klerk, Vivian, Ed.</p> <p></p> <p>Essays on English in <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa and its neighboring countries include: "A History of English in <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa" (Len Lanham); "English in <span class="hlt">South</span> African Society: A Preliminary Overview" (Bill Branford); "Black English in <span class="hlt">South</span> Africa" (David Gough); "Language Contact, Transmission, Shift: <span class="hlt">South</span> African <span class="hlt">Indian</span> English" (Rajend Mesthrie); "Afrikaans…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=migration+AND+tuberculosis&id=ED355069','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=migration+AND+tuberculosis&id=ED355069"><span id="translatedtitle">Canada's <span class="hlt">Indians</span>. Revised Edition.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Wilson, James</p> <p></p> <p>Over a half million people in Canada today are identifiably of Native ancestry, legally categorized as Inuit (Eskimos), status <span class="hlt">Indians</span>, or nonstatus <span class="hlt">Indians</span>. Status <span class="hlt">Indians</span> comprise 573 bands with total membership of about 300,000 people, most of whom live on 2,242 reserves. They are the direct responsibility of the federal government and have…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED021677.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED021677.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indians</span> of North Carolina.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC.</p> <p></p> <p>A brief historical review of the Cherokee <span class="hlt">Indians</span> from the mid-sixteenth century to modern day depicts an industrious tribe adversely affected by the settlement movement only to make exceptional economic advancements with the aid of the Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs. Civic pride and self-leadership among the Cherokee <span class="hlt">Indians</span> in North Carolina has…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED500396.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED500396.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">National <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Education Study</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Harvey, Karen Kay</p> <p>2006-01-01</p> <p>This report includes information from the National <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Education Study of American <span class="hlt">Indian</span>/Alaska Native students in grades 4 and 8 on the 2005 National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP) in reading and mathematics. The national sample includes both public and private schools (i.e. Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Department of Defense Education…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED116888.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED116888.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indian</span> Law Enforcement History.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Etheridge, David</p> <p></p> <p>Written as a tribute to American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> law enforcement officers and the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Criminal Justice System, this monographh details the history of the legislative, judicial, financial, and cultural problems associated with the development of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> law enforcement. Citing numerous court cases, pieces of legislation, and individual and organizational…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/64383','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/64383"><span id="translatedtitle">Ohno continuous <span class="hlt">casting</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Soda, H.; McLean, A.; Motoyasu, G.; Ohno, A.</p> <p>1995-04-01</p> <p>Production of net-shape products directly from the liquid is an attractive manufacturing route for alloys that are difficult to process or that cannot be rolled, drawn, or extruded. Developed at the Chiba Institute of Technology in Japan, the Ohno Continuous <span class="hlt">Casting</span> (OCC) approach not only provides significant cost savings, but also has the potential to create new products. OCC process equipment includes a melting furnace, crucible, mold level-control block, cooling device, and pinch rolls. OCC is currently used to produce copper rods and wires for audio and video cables, and aluminum alloy welding rods for hard-surfacing applications. For example, Mitsui Engineering and Ship Building Co. has used OCC to produce copper tubing products with internal fins and partitions for applications such as heat exchanger tubes and induction coils.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/al0249.photos.002866p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/al0249.photos.002866p/"><span id="translatedtitle">VIEW FROM THE <span class="hlt">SOUTH</span> OF THE #2 BLAST FURNACE AND ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>VIEW FROM THE <span class="hlt">SOUTH</span> OF THE #2 BLAST FURNACE AND <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> SEED ON THE LEFT, THE #1 BLAST FURNACE AND <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> SHED ON THE RIGHT, AND THE STOVES, BOILERS, AND AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT IN THE CENTER. - Sloss-Sheffield Steel & Iron, First Avenue North Viaduct at Thirty-second Street, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/pa3398.photos.359854p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/pa3398.photos.359854p/"><span id="translatedtitle">Slewing drive motor house on left; view <span class="hlt">south</span> base ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>Slewing drive motor house on left; view <span class="hlt">south</span> - base <span class="hlt">casting</span> on right with structural details above portal level. - Naval Base Philadelphia-Philadelphia Naval Shipyard, 350-Ton Hammerhead Crane, League Island, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015MMTA...46.4848C','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015MMTA...46.4848C"><span id="translatedtitle">Sixty Years of <span class="hlt">Casting</span> Research</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Campbell, John</p> <p>2015-11-01</p> <p>The 60 years of solidification research since the publication of Chalmer's constitutional undercooling in 1953 has been a dramatic advance of understanding which has and continues to be an inspiration. In contrast, 60 years of <span class="hlt">casting</span> research has seen mixed fortunes. One of its success stories relates to improvements in inoculation of gray irons, and another to the discovery of spheroidal graphite iron, although both of these can be classified as metallurgical rather than <span class="hlt">casting</span> advances. It is suggested that true <span class="hlt">casting</span> advances have dated from the author's lab in 1992 when a critical surface turbulence condition was defined for the first time. These last 20 years have seen the surface entrainment issues of <span class="hlt">castings</span> developed to a sufficient sophistication to revolutionize the performance of light alloy and steel foundries. However, there is still a long way to go, with large sections of the steel and Ni-base <span class="hlt">casting</span> industries still in denial that <span class="hlt">casting</span> defects are important or even exist. The result has been that special ingots are still <span class="hlt">cast</span> poorly, and shaped <span class="hlt">casting</span> operations have suffered massive losses. For secondary melted and <span class="hlt">cast</span> materials, electro-slag remelting has the potential to be much superior to expensive vacuum arc remelting, which has cost our aerospace and defense industries dearly over the years. This failure to address and upgrade our processing of liquid metals is a serious concern, since the principle entrainment defect, the bifilm, is seen as the principle initiator of cracks in metals; in general, bifilms are the Griffith cracks that initiate failures by cracking. A new generation of crack resistant metals and engineering structures can now be envisaged.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/871066','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/871066"><span id="translatedtitle">Strip <span class="hlt">casting</span> with fluxing agent applied to <span class="hlt">casting</span> roll</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Williams, Robert S.; O'Malley, Ronald J.; Sussman, Richard C.</p> <p>1997-01-01</p> <p>A strip caster (10) for producing a continuous strip (24) includes a tundish (12) for containing a melt (14), a pair of horizontally disposed water cooled <span class="hlt">casting</span> rolls (22) and devices (29) for electrostatically coating the outer peripheral chill surfaces (44) of the <span class="hlt">casting</span> rolls with a powder flux material (56). The <span class="hlt">casting</span> rolls are juxtaposed relative to one another for forming a pouting basin (18) for receiving the melt through a teeming tube (16) thereby establishing a meniscus (20) between the rolls for forming the strip. The melt is protected from the outside air by a non-oxidizing gas passed through a supply line (28) to a sealing chamber (26). A preferred flux is boron oxide having a melting point of about 550.degree. C. The flux coating enhances wetting of the steel melt to the <span class="hlt">casting</span> roll and dissolves any metal oxide formed on the roll.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/516923','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/516923"><span id="translatedtitle">Strip <span class="hlt">casting</span> with fluxing agent applied to <span class="hlt">casting</span> roll</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Williams, R.S.; O`Malley, R.J.; Sussman, R.C.</p> <p>1997-07-29</p> <p>A strip caster for producing a continuous strip includes a tundish for containing a melt, a pair of horizontally disposed water cooled <span class="hlt">casting</span> rolls and devices for electrostatically coating the outer peripheral chill surfaces of the <span class="hlt">casting</span> rolls with a powder flux material. The <span class="hlt">casting</span> rolls are juxtaposed relative to one another for forming a pouting basin for receiving the melt through a teeming tube thereby establishing a meniscus between the rolls for forming the strip. The melt is protected from the outside air by a non-oxidizing gas passed through a supply line to a sealing chamber. A preferred flux is boron oxide having a melting point of about 550 C. The flux coating enhances wetting of the steel melt to the <span class="hlt">casting</span> roll and dissolves any metal oxide formed on the roll. 3 figs.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/7168100','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/7168100"><span id="translatedtitle">Strip <span class="hlt">casting</span> apparatus and method</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Williams, R.S.; Baker, D.F.</p> <p>1988-09-20</p> <p>Strip <span class="hlt">casting</span> apparatus including a molten-metal-holding container and a nozzle to deposit molten metal onto a moving chill drum to directly <span class="hlt">cast</span> continuous metallic strip. The nozzle body includes a slot bounded between a back and a front lip. The slot width exceeds about 20 times the gap distance between the nozzle and the chill drum surface. Preferably, the slot width exceeds 0.5 inch. This method of strip <span class="hlt">casting</span> minimizes pressure drop, insuring better metal-to-chill-drum contact which promotes heat transfer and results in a better quality metallic strip. 6 figs.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/866721','DOE-PATENT-XML'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/866721"><span id="translatedtitle">Strip <span class="hlt">casting</span> apparatus and method</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/doepatents">DOEpatents</a></p> <p>Williams, Robert S.; Baker, Donald F.</p> <p>1988-01-01</p> <p>Strip <span class="hlt">casting</span> apparatus including a molten-metal-holding container and a nozzle to deposit molten metal onto a moving chill drum to directly <span class="hlt">cast</span> continuous metallic strip. The nozzle body includes a slot bounded between a back and a front lip. The slot width exceeds about 20 times the gap distance between the nozzle and the chill drum surface. Preferably, the slot width exceeds 0.5 inch. This method of strip <span class="hlt">casting</span> minimizes pressure drop, insuring better metal-to-chill-drum contact which promotes heat transfer and results in a better quality metallic strip.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19930000598&hterms=vibration+casting&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3Dvibration%2Bcasting','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19930000598&hterms=vibration+casting&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3Dvibration%2Bcasting"><span id="translatedtitle">Slip-<span class="hlt">Cast</span> Superconductive Parts</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Wise, Stephanie A.; Buckley, John D.; Vasquez, Peter; Buck, Gregory M.; Hicks, Lana P.; Hooker, Matthew W.; Taylor, Theodore D.</p> <p>1993-01-01</p> <p>Complex shapes fabricated without machining. Nonaqueous slip-<span class="hlt">casting</span> technique used to form complexly shaped parts from high-temperature superconductive materials like YBa(2)Cu(3)O(7-delta). Such parts useful in motors, vibration dampers, and bearings. In process, organic solvent used as liquid medium. Ceramic molds made by lost-wax process used instead of plaster-of-paris molds, used in aqueous slip-<span class="hlt">casting</span> but impervious to organic solvents and cannot drain away liquid medium. Organic-solvent-based <span class="hlt">castings</span> do not stick to ceramic molds as they do to plaster molds.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");'>17</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li class="active"><span>19</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_19 --> <div id="page_20" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li class="active"><span>20</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="381"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013JOM....65f.720P','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013JOM....65f.720P"><span id="translatedtitle">Biomimetic Materials by Freeze <span class="hlt">Casting</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Porter, Michael M.; Mckittrick, Joanna; Meyers, Marc A.</p> <p>2013-06-01</p> <p>Natural materials, such as bone and abalone nacre, exhibit exceptional mechanical properties, a product of their intricate microstructural organization. Freeze <span class="hlt">casting</span> is a relatively simple, inexpensive, and adaptable materials processing method to form porous ceramic scaffolds with controllable microstructural features. After infiltration of a second polymeric phase, hybrid ceramic-polymer composites can be fabricated that closely resemble the architecture and mechanical performance of natural bone and nacre. Inspired by the narwhal tusk, magnetic fields applied during freeze <span class="hlt">casting</span> can be used to further control architectural alignment, resulting in freeze-<span class="hlt">cast</span> materials with enhanced mechanical properties.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=poaching&id=EJ847848','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=poaching&id=EJ847848"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">South</span> Korea Powers Ahead with Globalization Plans</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>McNeill, David</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>For government officials in <span class="hlt">South</span> Korea, it's a vision worth savoring: Within the next decade, <span class="hlt">South</span> Korea becomes Southeast Asia's top higher-education destination, poaching thousands of Chinese, <span class="hlt">Indian</span>, and Japanese students from American universities and overtaking rivals Singapore, Malaysia, and Hong Kong. The higher-education system's</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=south+AND+korea&pg=5&id=EJ847848','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=south+AND+korea&pg=5&id=EJ847848"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">South</span> Korea Powers Ahead with Globalization Plans</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>McNeill, David</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>For government officials in <span class="hlt">South</span> Korea, it's a vision worth savoring: Within the next decade, <span class="hlt">South</span> Korea becomes Southeast Asia's top higher-education destination, poaching thousands of Chinese, <span class="hlt">Indian</span>, and Japanese students from American universities and overtaking rivals Singapore, Malaysia, and Hong Kong. The higher-education system's…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/645532','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/645532"><span id="translatedtitle">Investment <span class="hlt">casting</span> design of experiment. Final report</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Owens, R.</p> <p>1997-10-01</p> <p>Specific steps in the investment <span class="hlt">casting</span> process were analyzed in a designed experiment. The <span class="hlt">casting`s</span> sensitivity to changes in these process steps was experimentally determined Dimensional and radiographic inspection were used to judge the sensitivity of the <span class="hlt">casting</span>. Thirty-six <span class="hlt">castings</span> of different pedigrees were poured and measured. Some of the dimensional inspection was conducted during the processing. It was confirmed that wax fixturing, number of gates, gate location, pour and mold temperature, pour speed, and cooling profile all affected the radiographic quality of the <span class="hlt">casting</span>. Gate and runner assembly techniques, number of gates, and mold temperature affect the dimensional quality of the <span class="hlt">casting</span>.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24180757','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24180757"><span id="translatedtitle">Decadal trends in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean ambient sound.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Miksis-Olds, Jennifer L; Bradley, David L; Niu, Xiaoyue Maggie</p> <p>2013-11-01</p> <p>The increase of ocean noise documented in the North Pacific has sparked concern on whether the observed increases are a global or regional phenomenon. This work provides evidence of low frequency sound increases in the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. A decade (2002-2012) of recordings made off the island of Diego Garcia, UK in the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean was parsed into time series according to frequency band and sound level. Quarterly sound level comparisons between the first and last years were also performed. The combination of time series and temporal comparison analyses over multiple measurement parameters produced results beyond those obtainable from a single parameter analysis. The ocean sound floor has increased over the past decade in the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. Increases were most prominent in recordings made <span class="hlt">south</span> of Diego Garcia in the 85-105 Hz band. The highest sound level trends differed between the two sides of the island; the highest sound levels decreased in the north and increased in the <span class="hlt">south</span>. Rate, direction, and magnitude of changes among the multiple parameters supported interpretation of source functions driving the trends. The observed sound floor increases are consistent with concurrent increases in shipping, wind speed, wave height, and blue whale abundance in the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. PMID:24180757</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19930000597&hterms=Polystyrene&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3DPolystyrene','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19930000597&hterms=Polystyrene&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3DPolystyrene"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Casting</span> Using A Polystyrene Pattern</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Vasquez, Peter; Guenther, Bengamin; Vranas, Thomas; Veneris, Peter; Joyner, Michael</p> <p>1993-01-01</p> <p>New technique for making metal aircraft models saves significant amount of time and effort in comparison with conventional lost-wax method. Produces inexpensive, effective wind-tunnel models. Metal wind-tunnel model <span class="hlt">cast</span> by use of polystyrene pattern.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1993E%26PSL.115..275G','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1993E%26PSL.115..275G"><span id="translatedtitle">Is the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Shield hotter than other Gondwana shields?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Gupta, Mohan L.</p> <p>1993-03-01</p> <p>Geothermal data on various Precambrian terrains from the African, Australian, <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and <span class="hlt">South</span> American (Brazil only) Gondwana landmasses have been compiled, synthesized and statistically analyzed. The results do not support the prevailing notion that the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Shield is hotter than other shields. The study clearly shows that the mean surface heat flow values from the various Precambrian cratons and mobile belts of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> landmass for which the data have become available are either equal to, or even lower in some cases, than that in similar terrains from other Gondwana continents. Further, on the basis of available data, it is found that the Moho and the reduced heat flow values and Moho temperatures in the <span class="hlt">South</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span>, <span class="hlt">South</span> African, Western Australian and Brazilian shields fall within a narrow range, thus indicating, within the error limits of the estimation, the similarity of these shields in terms of these characteristics. In conclusion it is shown that the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> landmass is not hotter than the other Gondwana landmasses, including even the presently immobile African continent, and that the 'super-mobility' of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> landmass does not appear to be associated with its thermal characteristics. The cause of the latter lies elsewhere.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=leadership+AND+styles+AND+%22autocratic%22&pg=3&id=EJ429127','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=leadership+AND+styles+AND+%22autocratic%22&pg=3&id=EJ429127"><span id="translatedtitle">Leadership Preferences of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and Non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> Athletes.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Malloy, D. C.; Nilson, R. N.</p> <p>1991-01-01</p> <p>Among 86 <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> volleyball competitors, non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> players indicated significantly greater preferences for leadership that involved democratic behavior, autocratic behavior, or social support. <span class="hlt">Indians</span> may adapt their behavior by participating in non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> games, without changing their traditional value orientations. Contains 22…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3705672','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3705672"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indianization</span> of psychiatry utilizing <span class="hlt">Indian</span> mental concepts</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Avasthi, Ajit; Kate, Natasha; Grover, Sandeep</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Most of the psychiatry practice in India is guided by the western concepts of mental health and illness, which have largely ignored the role of religion, family, eastern philosophy, and medicine in understanding and managing the psychiatric disorders. India comprises of diverse cultures, languages, ethnicities, and religious affiliations. However, besides these diversities, there are certain commonalities, which include Hinduism as a religion which is spread across the country, the traditional family system, ancient <span class="hlt">Indian</span> system of medicine and emphasis on use of traditional methods like Yoga and Meditation for controlling mind. This article discusses as to how mind and mental health are understood from the point of view of Hinduism, <span class="hlt">Indian</span> traditions and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> systems of medicine. Further, the article focuses on as to how these <span class="hlt">Indian</span> concepts can be incorporated in the practice of contemporary psychiatry. PMID:23858244</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23858244','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23858244"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indianization</span> of psychiatry utilizing <span class="hlt">Indian</span> mental concepts.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Avasthi, Ajit; Kate, Natasha; Grover, Sandeep</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>Most of the psychiatry practice in India is guided by the western concepts of mental health and illness, which have largely ignored the role of religion, family, eastern philosophy, and medicine in understanding and managing the psychiatric disorders. India comprises of diverse cultures, languages, ethnicities, and religious affiliations. However, besides these diversities, there are certain commonalities, which include Hinduism as a religion which is spread across the country, the traditional family system, ancient <span class="hlt">Indian</span> system of medicine and emphasis on use of traditional methods like Yoga and Meditation for controlling mind. This article discusses as to how mind and mental health are understood from the point of view of Hinduism, <span class="hlt">Indian</span> traditions and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> systems of medicine. Further, the article focuses on as to how these <span class="hlt">Indian</span> concepts can be incorporated in the practice of contemporary psychiatry. PMID:23858244</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title25-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title25-vol1-sec31-3.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title25-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title25-vol1-sec31-3.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">25 CFR 31.3 - Non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> pupils in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> schools.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-04-01</p> <p>... 25 <span class="hlt">Indians</span> 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> pupils in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> schools. 31.3 Section 31.3 <span class="hlt">Indians</span> BUREAU OF <span class="hlt">INDIAN</span> AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION FEDERAL SCHOOLS FOR <span class="hlt">INDIANS</span> § 31.3 Non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> pupils in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> schools. <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> children who are not eligible...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title25-vol1/pdf/CFR-2012-title25-vol1-sec31-3.pdf','CFR2012'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title25-vol1/pdf/CFR-2012-title25-vol1-sec31-3.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">25 CFR 31.3 - Non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> pupils in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> schools.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-04-01</p> <p>... 25 <span class="hlt">Indians</span> 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> pupils in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> schools. 31.3 Section 31.3 <span class="hlt">Indians</span> BUREAU OF <span class="hlt">INDIAN</span> AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION FEDERAL SCHOOLS FOR <span class="hlt">INDIANS</span> § 31.3 Non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> pupils in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> schools. <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> children who are not eligible...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title25-vol1/pdf/CFR-2014-title25-vol1-sec31-3.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title25-vol1/pdf/CFR-2014-title25-vol1-sec31-3.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">25 CFR 31.3 - Non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> pupils in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> schools.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-04-01</p> <p>... 25 <span class="hlt">Indians</span> 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> pupils in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> schools. 31.3 Section 31.3 <span class="hlt">Indians</span> BUREAU OF <span class="hlt">INDIAN</span> AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION FEDERAL SCHOOLS FOR <span class="hlt">INDIANS</span> § 31.3 Non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> pupils in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> schools. <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> children who are not eligible...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title25-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title25-vol1-sec31-3.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title25-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title25-vol1-sec31-3.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">25 CFR 31.3 - Non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> pupils in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> schools.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-04-01</p> <p>... 25 <span class="hlt">Indians</span> 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> pupils in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> schools. 31.3 Section 31.3 <span class="hlt">Indians</span> BUREAU OF <span class="hlt">INDIAN</span> AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION FEDERAL SCHOOLS FOR <span class="hlt">INDIANS</span> § 31.3 Non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> pupils in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> schools. <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> children who are not eligible...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title25-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title25-vol1-sec31-3.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title25-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title25-vol1-sec31-3.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">25 CFR 31.3 - Non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> pupils in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> schools.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-04-01</p> <p>... 25 <span class="hlt">Indians</span> 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> pupils in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> schools. 31.3 Section 31.3 <span class="hlt">Indians</span> BUREAU OF <span class="hlt">INDIAN</span> AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION FEDERAL SCHOOLS FOR <span class="hlt">INDIANS</span> § 31.3 Non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> pupils in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> schools. <span class="hlt">Indian</span> and non-<span class="hlt">Indian</span> children who are not eligible...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15988523','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15988523"><span id="translatedtitle">Imaging the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subcontinent beneath the Himalaya.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Schulte-Pelkum, Vera; Monsalve, Gaspar; Sheehan, Anne; Pandey, M R; Sapkota, Som; Bilham, Roger; Wu, Francis</p> <p>2005-06-30</p> <p>The rocks of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subcontinent are last seen <span class="hlt">south</span> of the Ganges before they plunge beneath the Himalaya and the Tibetan plateau. They are next glimpsed in seismic reflection profiles deep beneath southern Tibet, yet the surface seen there has been modified by processes within the Himalaya that have consumed parts of the upper <span class="hlt">Indian</span> crust and converted them into Himalayan rocks. The geometry of the partly dismantled <span class="hlt">Indian</span> plate as it passes through the Himalayan process zone has hitherto eluded imaging. Here we report seismic images both of the decollement at the base of the Himalaya and of the Moho (the boundary between crust and mantle) at the base of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> crust. A significant finding is that strong seismic anisotropy develops above the decollement in response to shear processes that are taken up as slip in great earthquakes at shallower depths. North of the Himalaya, the lower <span class="hlt">Indian</span> crust is characterized by a high-velocity region consistent with the formation of eclogite, a high-density material whose presence affects the dynamics of the Tibetan plateau. PMID:15988523</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014EGUGA..1610678M','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014EGUGA..1610678M"><span id="translatedtitle">Deep Structure of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Continent</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Maurya, Satish; Montagner, Jean-paul; Kumar, Ravi; Kumar, Prakash; Burgos, Gael</p> <p>2014-05-01</p> <p>The <span class="hlt">Indian</span> sub-continent experienced remarkable tectonic and geological events. Breakup of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> subcontinent from the Gondwana supercontinent possibly due to a large plume, about 130 Myr ago. Paleomagnetic data demonstrates that the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> continent moved northwards from 65Myr at exceptionally high speeds (18-20cm/year) and subsequently slowed down to 4-5cm/year after its collision with Asia approx 40Myr ago. This super mobility has been explained by an unusually thin <span class="hlt">Indian</span> lithosphere (~100 km; Kumar et al., 2007) in contradiction with the thick lithosphere that commonly underlies old cratonic nuclei. It is pertinent to note that the thermobarometric estimates on the ultramafic xenoliths from a 65Myr kimberlites of the Central India (Babu et al. 2009) suggest an approximately 175 km thick lithosphere. Also, analysis of heat flow data and P-T estimates on mantle xenoliths from the Dharwar craton reveal low mantle heat flow, 14-20 mW m-2, that indicate a thick lithosphere beneath <span class="hlt">south</span> India (Roy and Mareschal, 2011). Upper mantle heterogeneities and depth localization of anisotropy structures beneath India are poorly known. In order to solve these issues, we have to follow a multidisciplinary approach to investigate the lithospheric and asthenospheric structure underneath the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> cratons and the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> plate. Seismological studies (receiver functions, SKS splitting, anisotropic and surface waves studies of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> continent) in conjunction with heat flow, petrological and paleomagnetic data planning to be utilized to image and interpret the 3D-tomographic velocity and anisotropic structure of the whole continent and trace its evolution through time. In this work, we present the high resolution phase velocity maps with azimuthal anisotropy of fundamental and higher mode surface waves propagating across India.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-08-24/pdf/2011-21652.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-08-24/pdf/2011-21652.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">76 FR 52968 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-08-24</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the Deputy... INFORMATION: Under section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 (IGRA), Public Law 100-497, 25...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-02-03/pdf/2012-2441.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-02-03/pdf/2012-2441.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">77 FR 5566 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-02-03</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... Date: February 3, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span>..., (202) 219-4066. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-10-22/pdf/2013-24348.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-10-22/pdf/2013-24348.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">78 FR 62649 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-10-22</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the Deputy Assistant...: Under section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 (IGRA) Public Law 100-497, 25 U.S.C....</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");'>18</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li class="active"><span>20</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_20 --> <div id="page_21" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li class="active"><span>21</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="401"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-08-10/pdf/2011-20316.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-08-10/pdf/2011-20316.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">76 FR 49505 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-08-10</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of...: Effective Date: August 10, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span>..., (202) 219-4066. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under Section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-02-15/pdf/2013-03614.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-02-15/pdf/2013-03614.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">78 FR 11221 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-02-15</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of..., 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988, 25 U.S.C....</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-03-21/pdf/2013-06444.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-03-21/pdf/2013-06444.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">78 FR 17427 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-03-21</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of...: Effective Date: March 21, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span>..., (202) 219-4066. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-07-06/pdf/2010-16214.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-07-06/pdf/2010-16214.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">75 FR 38834 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-06</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the Deputy Assistant...: Under Section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 (IGRA), Public Law 100-497, 25 U.S.C....</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-12-28/pdf/2012-31181.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-12-28/pdf/2012-31181.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">77 FR 76514 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-12-28</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... Coyote Valley Band of Pomo <span class="hlt">Indians</span>. DATES: Effective Date: December 28, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the Deputy Assistant...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-06-08/pdf/2011-14045.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-06-08/pdf/2011-14045.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">76 FR 33341 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-06-08</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the Deputy... INFORMATION: Under section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 (IGRA), Public Law 100-497, 25...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-10-22/pdf/2013-24349.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-10-22/pdf/2013-24349.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">78 FR 62650 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-10-22</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... Date: October 22, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span>...: September 30, 2013. Kevin K. Washburn, Assistant Secretary--<span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs. BILLING CODE 4310-4N-P...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-11-08/pdf/2010-28187.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-11-08/pdf/2010-28187.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">75 FR 68618 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-11-08</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary... INFORMATION: Under section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 (IGRA), Public Law 100-497, 25...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-10-05/pdf/2010-25005.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-10-05/pdf/2010-25005.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">75 FR 61511 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-10-05</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary... section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 (IGRA), Public Law 100-497, 25 U.S.C. 2710,...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-10-05/pdf/2010-25003.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-10-05/pdf/2010-25003.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">75 FR 61511 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-10-05</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of..., 2010. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 (IGRA), Public Law...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-01-03/pdf/2010-33094.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-01-03/pdf/2010-33094.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">76 FR 165 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-01-03</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... the Menominee <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Tribe of Wisconsin (``Tribe'') and the State of Wisconsin Gaming Compact of 1992... CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the Deputy Assistant...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-12-26/pdf/2013-30915.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-12-26/pdf/2013-30915.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">78 FR 78377 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-12-26</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ] ACTION: Notice of... Date: December 26, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span>...: December 11, 2013. Kevin K. Washburn, Assistant Secretary--<span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs. BILLING CODE 4310-4N-P...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-08-10/pdf/2011-20273.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-08-10/pdf/2011-20273.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">76 FR 49505 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-08-10</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of...: August 10, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming...) 219-4066. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-05-08/pdf/2013-10923.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-05-08/pdf/2013-10923.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">78 FR 26801 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-05-08</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... to the Class III Tribal-State Gaming Compact between the Menominee <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Tribe of Wisconsin and the...: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> ] Gaming, Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary--Policy...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-11-09/pdf/2010-28267.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-11-09/pdf/2010-28267.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">75 FR 68823 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-11-09</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... to the Class III Gaming Compact (Amendment) between the State of Oregon and the Siletz <span class="hlt">Indians</span> of..., Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary--Policy and Economic...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-09-28/pdf/2012-23975.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-09-28/pdf/2012-23975.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">77 FR 59641 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-09-28</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... <span class="hlt">Indians</span>. ] DATES: Effective Date: September 28, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary--Policy and...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-09-14/pdf/2010-22784.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-09-14/pdf/2010-22784.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">75 FR 55823 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-09-14</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of.... FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 (IGRA), Public Law...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-07-23/pdf/2012-17829.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-07-23/pdf/2012-17829.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">77 FR 43110 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-07-23</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the Deputy... INFORMATION: Under section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 (IGRA), Public Law 100-497, 25...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-07-12/pdf/2012-17042.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-07-12/pdf/2012-17042.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">77 FR 41200 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-07-12</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... <span class="hlt">Indians</span> of Graton Rancheria. DATES: Effective Date: July 12, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary--Policy...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-09-13/pdf/2011-23389.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-09-13/pdf/2011-23389.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">76 FR 56466 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-09-13</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of...: September 13, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming...) 219-4066. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of...</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");'>19</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li class="active"><span>21</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_21 --> <div id="page_22" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li class="active"><span>22</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="421"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-09-06/pdf/2013-21739.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-09-06/pdf/2013-21739.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">78 FR 54908 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-09-06</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... Date: September 6, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span>..., (202) 219-4066. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-03-01/pdf/2011-4522.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-03-01/pdf/2011-4522.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">76 FR 11258 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-03-01</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of...: Effective Date: March 1, 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span>..., (202) 219-4066. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under Section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-07-31/pdf/2012-18676.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-07-31/pdf/2012-18676.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">77 FR 45371 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-07-31</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the Deputy... INFORMATION: Under section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 (IGRA), Public Law 100-497, 25...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-03-12/pdf/2013-05596.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-03-12/pdf/2013-05596.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">78 FR 15738 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-03-12</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of..., 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under Section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988, 25 U.S.C....</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-07-06/pdf/2010-16213.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-07-06/pdf/2010-16213.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">75 FR 38833 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-07-06</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the Deputy Assistant...: Under section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 (IGRA) Public Law 100-497, 25 U.S.C....</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-07-23/pdf/2013-17680.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-07-23/pdf/2013-17680.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">78 FR 44146 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-07-23</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... and Restated Tribal-State Gaming Compact between the Shingle Springs Band of Miwok <span class="hlt">Indians</span> and the...: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary--Policy...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-09-28/pdf/2012-23978.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-09-28/pdf/2012-23978.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">77 FR 59641 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-09-28</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of.... FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 (IGRA), Public Law...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-07-19/pdf/2011-18079.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-07-19/pdf/2011-18079.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">76 FR 42722 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-07-19</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the Assistant Secretary--<span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Washington, DC 20240, (202) 219-4066. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under section...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-12-28/pdf/2012-31180.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-12-28/pdf/2012-31180.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">77 FR 76513 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2012-12-28</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary... section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 (IGRA) Public Law 100-497, 25 U.S.C. 2701 et...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-02-14/pdf/2011-3179.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-02-14/pdf/2011-3179.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">76 FR 8375 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-02-14</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of..., 2011. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under section 11 of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 (IGRA), Public Law...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-06-04/pdf/2013-13262.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-06-04/pdf/2013-13262.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">78 FR 33435 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-06-04</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... to Amend the Class III Tribal-State Gaming Compact between the Salt River Pima- Maricopa <span class="hlt">Indian</span>... CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming, Office of the Deputy Assistant...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22indian+child+welfare+act%22&pg=3&id=ED212417','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22indian+child+welfare+act%22&pg=3&id=ED212417"><span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Child Welfare Act.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Steward, Katy Jo</p> <p></p> <p>The <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Child Welfare Act of 1978 (I.C.W.A.) is federal legislation which preempts state law whenever <span class="hlt">Indian</span> children may be removed from their families. The I.C.W.A. permits <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribal courts to decide the future of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> children, establishes minimum federal standards for removal of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> children from their families, requires that…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004cxo..pres....9.','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004cxo..pres....9."><span id="translatedtitle">Titan <span class="hlt">Casts</span> Revealing Shadow</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p></p> <p>2004-05-01</p> <p>A rare celestial event was captured by NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory as Titan -- Saturn's largest moon and the only moon in the Solar System with a thick atmosphere -- crossed in front of the X-ray bright Crab Nebula. The X-ray shadow <span class="hlt">cast</span> by Titan allowed astronomers to make the first X-ray measurement of the extent of its atmosphere. On January 5, 2003, Titan transited the Crab Nebula, the remnant of a supernova explosion that was observed to occur in the year 1054. Although Saturn and Titan pass within a few degrees of the Crab Nebula every 30 years, they rarely pass directly in front of it. "This may have been the first transit of the Crab Nebula by Titan since the birth of the Crab Nebula," said Koji Mori of Pennsylvania State University in University Park, and lead author on an Astrophysical Journal paper describing these results. "The next similar conjunction will take place in the year 2267, so this was truly a once in a lifetime event." Animation of Titan's Shadow on Crab Nebula Animation of Titan's Shadow on Crab Nebula Chandra's observation revealed that the diameter of the X-ray shadow <span class="hlt">cast</span> by Titan was larger than the diameter of its solid surface. The difference in diameters gives a measurement of about 550 miles (880 kilometers) for the height of the X-ray absorbing region of Titan's atmosphere. The extent of the upper atmosphere is consistent with, or slightly (10-15%) larger, than that implied by Voyager I observations made at radio, infrared, and ultraviolet wavelengths in 1980. "Saturn was about 5% closer to the Sun in 2003, so increased solar heating of Titan may account for some of this atmospheric expansion," said Hiroshi Tsunemi of Osaka University in Japan, one of the coauthors on the paper. The X-ray brightness and extent of the Crab Nebula made it possible to study the tiny X-ray shadow <span class="hlt">cast</span> by Titan during its transit. By using Chandra to precisely track Titan's position, astronomers were able to measure a shadow one arcsecond in diameter, which corresponds to the size of a dime as viewed from about two and a half miles. Illustration of Crab, Titan's Shadow and Chandra Illustration of Crab, Titan's Shadow and Chandra Unlike almost all of Chandra's images which are made by focusing X-ray emission from cosmic sources, Titan's X-ray shadow image was produced in a manner similar to a medical X-ray. That is, an X-ray source (the Crab Nebula) is used to make a shadow image (Titan and its atmosphere) that is recorded on film (Chandra's ACIS detector). Titan's atmosphere, which is about 95% nitrogen and 5% methane, has a pressure near the surface that is one and a half times the Earth's sea level pressure. Voyager I spacecraft measured the structure of Titan's atmosphere at heights below about 300 miles (500 kilometers), and above 600 miles (1000 kilometers). Until the Chandra observations, however, no measurements existed at heights in the range between 300 and 600 miles. Understanding the extent of Titan's atmosphere is important for the planners of the Cassini-Huygens mission. The Cassini-Huygens spacecraft will reach Saturn in July of this year to begin a four-year tour of Saturn, its rings and its moons. The tour will include close flybys of Titan that will take Cassini as close as 600 miles, and the launching of the Huygens probe that will land on Titan's surface. Chandra's X-ray Shadow of Titan Chandra's X-ray Shadow of Titan "If Titan's atmosphere has really expanded, the trajectory may have to be changed." said Tsunemi. The paper on these results has been accepted and is expected to appear in a June 2004 issue of The Astrophysical Journal. Other members of the research team were Haroyoski Katayama (Osaka University), David Burrows and Gordon Garmine (Penn State University), and Albert Metzger (JPL). Chandra observed Titan from 9:04 to 18:46 UT on January 5, 2003, using its Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer instrument. NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Ala., manages the Chandra program for the Office of Space Science, NASA Headquarters, Washington. Northrop Grumman of Redondo Beach, Calif., formerly TRW, Inc., was the prime development contractor for the observatory. The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory controls science and flight operations from the Chandra X-ray Center in Cambridge, Mass. Additional information and images are available at: http://chandra.harvard.edu and http://chandra.nasa.gov</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15706751','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15706751"><span id="translatedtitle">American <span class="hlt">Indians</span> and alcohol.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Beauvais, F</p> <p>1998-01-01</p> <p>The high prevalence of alcohol use and its consequences among American <span class="hlt">Indians</span> may be attributed to a number of factors, including the influence of the European colonists who first made large amounts of alcohol available to <span class="hlt">Indians</span>, as well as current social and cultural factors. Efforts to prevent and treat alcohol problems among the American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> population may be more effective if native beliefs and approaches are incorporated. Alcohol problems also may be prevented through policies regulating the sale and use of alcohol in <span class="hlt">Indian</span> communities. PMID:15706751</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/801749','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/801749"><span id="translatedtitle">Fillability of Thin-Wall Steel <span class="hlt">Castings</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Robert C. Voigt; Joseph Bertoletti; Andrew Kaley; Sandi Ricotta; Travis Sunday</p> <p>2002-07-30</p> <p>The use of steel components is being challenged by lighter nonferrous or <span class="hlt">cast</span> iron components. The development of techniques for enhancing and ensuring the filability of thin-wall mold cavities is most critical for thinner wall <span class="hlt">cast</span> steel production. The purpose of this research was to develop thin-wall <span class="hlt">casting</span> techniques that can be used to reliably produce thin-wall <span class="hlt">castings</span> from traditional gravity poured sand <span class="hlt">casting</span> processes. The focus of the research was to enhance the filling behavior to prevent misrunds. Experiments were conducted to investigate the influence of various foundry variables on the filling of thin section steel <span class="hlt">castings</span>. These variables include <span class="hlt">casting</span> design, heat transfer, gating design, and metal fluidity. Wall thickness and pouring temperature have the greatest effect on <span class="hlt">casting</span> fill. As wall thickness increases the volume to surface area of the <span class="hlt">casting</span> increases, which increases the solidification time, allowing the metal to flow further in thicker sect ions. Pouring time is another significant variable affecting <span class="hlt">casting</span> fill. Increases or decreases of 20% in the pouring time were found to have a significant effect on the filling of thin-wall production <span class="hlt">castings</span>. Gating variables, including venting, pouring head height, and mold tilting also significantly affected thin-wall <span class="hlt">casting</span> fill. Filters offer less turbulent, steadier flow, which is appropriate for thicker <span class="hlt">castings</span>, but they do not enhance thin-wall <span class="hlt">casting</span> fill.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22+Ethnic+conflict+%22&pg=2&id=EJ767439','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22+Ethnic+conflict+%22&pg=2&id=EJ767439"><span id="translatedtitle">American <span class="hlt">Indians</span> in the News: A Media Portrayal in Crime Articles</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Freng, Adrienne</p> <p>2007-01-01</p> <p>The purpose of this exploratory research is to investigate the identification of American <span class="hlt">Indians</span> in crime articles in two <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota newspapers. This article seeks to expand the current literature by addressing the dearth of research regarding whether American <span class="hlt">Indians</span> are differentially identified by race/ethnicity in crime accounts. In…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED420467.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED420467.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Developing Rehabilitation Researchers in the American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Community: A Technical Report of Consumer-Researcher Training.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Marshall, Catherine A.; Gotto, George S., IV</p> <p></p> <p>This report describes a 3-year research project that developed a community-based consumer-researcher training model and subsequently trained an American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> consumer-researcher team in Eagle Butte, <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota. For this project, consumers were defined as American <span class="hlt">Indians</span> with disabilities, their families, and rehabilitation service providers.…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Kids+AND+health+AND+sports&pg=2&id=EJ654459','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Kids+AND+health+AND+sports&pg=2&id=EJ654459"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indian</span> Culture Strives To Survive: Youth Workers Tie History, Language to Life Lessons for Urban Kids.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Kelly, John</p> <p>2002-01-01</p> <p>Urban American <span class="hlt">Indians</span> lack access to tribal services and traditional cultures. Youth programs for urban American <span class="hlt">Indians</span> in Rapid City, <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota; Phoenix, Arizona; Minneapolis, Minnesota; and Lincoln, Nebraska are described. Substance abuse, dropping out, physical fitness, health, and self-esteem issues are addressed through Native language,…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Mythology+AND+Religion&pg=2&id=ED220446','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Mythology+AND+Religion&pg=2&id=ED220446"><span id="translatedtitle">Native Peoples: Department of Education Resources pertaining to <span class="hlt">Indians</span>, Inuit, and Metis.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.</p> <p></p> <p>This revised edition of Native Peoples was prepared to provide information for teachers, librarians, and others interested in materials about North American <span class="hlt">Indians</span>, Inuit, and Metis. It also includes an appendix of resources relevant to Central and <span class="hlt">South</span> American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> cultures. Annotated citations of reading materials are provided as well as…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14518627','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14518627"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Cast</span> adrift: Gortex <span class="hlt">cast</span> liners allow greater patient activity.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Dubowitz, Gerald; Miller, Deborah M</p> <p>2003-01-01</p> <p>Extremity fractures are a common injury, with nearly 1.5 million cases reported in the United States in 1998. Treatment often involves lengthy periods of immobilization. This report outlines the use of a Gortex <span class="hlt">cast</span> liner by a subject who was able to engage in swimming and scuba diving during the healing process. We report that a Gortex <span class="hlt">cast</span> liner may be considered for an active patient who is keen to return to limited activities during fracture healing. Apparently because of a lack of knowledge of their existence, physicians currently are underutilizing this method of <span class="hlt">casting</span> in active patients. The use of Gortex liners elsewhere has been reported to have higher patient and physician satisfaction in both use and performance, with no reported detrimental effects on outcome. PMID:14518627</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");'>20</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li class="active"><span>22</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_22 --> <div id="page_23" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li class="active"><span>23</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>25</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="441"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010IEITI..91.1135M','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010IEITI..91.1135M"><span id="translatedtitle">Instant <span class="hlt">Casting</span> Movie Theater: The Future <span class="hlt">Cast</span> System</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Maejima, Akinobu; Wemler, Shuhei; Machida, Tamotsu; Takebayashi, Masao; Morishima, Shigeo</p> <p></p> <p>We have developed a visual entertainment system called “Future Cast” which enables anyone to easily participate in a pre-recorded or pre-created film as an instant CG movie star. This system provides audiences with the amazing opportunity to join the <span class="hlt">cast</span> of a movie in real-time. The Future <span class="hlt">Cast</span> System can automatically perform all the processes required to make this possible, from capturing participants' facial characteristics to rendering them into the movie. Our system can also be applied to any movie created using the same production process. We conducted our first experimental trial demonstration of the Future <span class="hlt">Cast</span> System at the Mitsui-Toshiba pavilion at the 2005 World Exposition in Aichi Japan.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=arranged+AND+marriage&id=EJ925145','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=arranged+AND+marriage&id=EJ925145"><span id="translatedtitle">"Education Makes You Have More Say in the Way Your Life Goes": <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Women and Arranged Marriages in the United Kingdom</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Bhopal, Kalwant</p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>This paper explores <span class="hlt">Indian</span> women's views on arranged marriages in the United Kingdom. It is based on research carried out with 32 <span class="hlt">Indian</span> women studying at a university in the <span class="hlt">South</span> East of England, UK. The article draws on Wenger's social theory of learning to explore how <span class="hlt">Indian</span> women's participation in communities of practice in higher education…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015EGUGA..17.1615K','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015EGUGA..17.1615K"><span id="translatedtitle">Warm <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean, Weak Asian Monsoon</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Koll Roxy, Mathew; Ritika, Kapoor; Terray, Pascal; Murtugudde, Raghu; Ashok, Karumuri; Nath Goswami, Buphendra</p> <p>2015-04-01</p> <p>There are large uncertainties looming over the status and fate of the <span class="hlt">South</span> Asian monsoon in a changing climate. Observations and climate models have suggested that anthropogenic warming in the past century has increased the moisture availability and the land-sea thermal contrast in the tropics, favoring an increase in monsoon rainfall. In contrast, we notice that <span class="hlt">South</span> Asian subcontinent experienced a relatively subdued warming during this period. At the same time, the tropical <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean experienced a nearly monotonic warming, at a rate faster than the other tropical oceans. Using long-term observations and coupled model experiments, we suggest that the enhanced <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean warming along with the suppressed warming of the subcontinent weaken the land-sea thermal contrast throughout the troposphere, dampen the monsoon Hadley circulation, and reduce the rainfall over <span class="hlt">South</span> Asia. As a result, the summer monsoon rainfall during 1901-2012 shows a significant weakening trend over <span class="hlt">South</span> Asia, extending from Pakistan through central India to Bangladesh.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3146179','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3146179"><span id="translatedtitle">Research priorities for <span class="hlt">Indian</span> psychiatry</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Patel, Vikram</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>This article summarises the findings of recent priority setting exercises for psychiatric research and of a mapping of research capacity and resources in <span class="hlt">south</span> Asia. The priorities for research in the region, as in other developing countries, are related to ‘implementation’ science, i.e. the field of inquiry investigating acceptable and affordable methods of delivering effective treatments for mental disorders, which aims to help close the large treatment gap. “Discovery” research which aims to strengthen our understanding of the nature of mental disorders through well-designed epidemiological and descriptive clinical studies, and expand the armamentarium of effective treatments by mapping and evaluating indigenous approaches to mental health care is also an important priority. However, research capacity and resources in the region are scarce and need strengthening by action from diverse stakeholders including the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Psychiatric Society. PMID:21836689</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70013641','USGSPUBS'); return false;" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70013641"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">INDIAN</span> HEAVEN ROADLESS AREA, WASHINGTON.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p>Church, S.E.; Barnes, D.J.</p> <p>1984-01-01</p> <p>On the basis of geologic, geochemical, and mining activity surveys the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Heaven Roadless Area, Washington offers little promise for the occurrence of metallic or nonmetallic mineral resources. Preliminary investigations of the geothermal potential of the area are inconclusive; however, a hot spring is located approximately 10 mi <span class="hlt">south</span> of the roadless area, and the data indicate an aquifer of unknown extent at a temperature of less than 212 degree F. Geothermal lease applications were filed on about 23. 5 sq mi of the roadless area indicating potential interest in the development of a geothermal resource. In addition, about 39 sq mi of the roadless area have been leased for oil and gas exploration.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21836689','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21836689"><span id="translatedtitle">Research priorities for <span class="hlt">Indian</span> psychiatry.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Patel, Vikram</p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>This article summarises the findings of recent priority setting exercises for psychiatric research and of a mapping of research capacity and resources in <span class="hlt">south</span> Asia. The priorities for research in the region, as in other developing countries, are related to 'implementation' science, i.e. the field of inquiry investigating acceptable and affordable methods of delivering effective treatments for mental disorders, which aims to help close the large treatment gap. "Discovery" research which aims to strengthen our understanding of the nature of mental disorders through well-designed epidemiological and descriptive clinical studies, and expand the armamentarium of effective treatments by mapping and evaluating indigenous approaches to mental health care is also an important priority. However, research capacity and resources in the region are scarce and need strengthening by action from diverse stakeholders including the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Psychiatric Society. PMID:21836689</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=cosmos&pg=4&id=EJ188189','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=cosmos&pg=4&id=EJ188189"><span id="translatedtitle">The American <span class="hlt">Indian</span>: A Natural Philosopher</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Bunge, Robert P.</p> <p>1978-01-01</p> <p>Describes American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> philosophy, <span class="hlt">Indian</span> attitudes on man's place in the cosmos, <span class="hlt">Indian</span> socio-political practice, <span class="hlt">Indian</span> moral values and community philosophy, and the differences between "white" and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> culture. (RK)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19740019894&hterms=high+pressure+casting&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D10%26Ntt%3Dhigh%2Bpressure%2Bcasting','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19740019894&hterms=high+pressure+casting&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D10%26Ntt%3Dhigh%2Bpressure%2Bcasting"><span id="translatedtitle">Magnesium-lithium <span class="hlt">casting</span> alloys</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Latenko, V. P.; Silchenko, T. V.; Tikhonov, V. A.; Maltsev, V. P.; Korablin, V. P.</p> <p>1974-01-01</p> <p>The strength properties of magnesium-lithium alloys at room, low, and high temperatures are investigated. It is found that the alloys may have practical application at ambient temperatures up to 100 C, that negative temperatures have a favorable influence on the alloy strength, and that cyclic temperature variations have practically no effect on the strength characteristics. The influence of chemical coatings on corrosion resistance of the MgLi alloys is examined. Several facilities based on pressure <span class="hlt">casting</span> machines, low-pressure <span class="hlt">casting</span> machines, and magnetodynamic pumps were designed for producing MgLi alloy <span class="hlt">castings</span>. Results were obtained for MgLi alloys reinforced with fibers having a volumetric content of 15%.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007NIMPB.255..409R','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007NIMPB.255..409R"><span id="translatedtitle">Analysis of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> pigment gallstones</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Rautray, T. R.; Vijayan, V.; Panigrahi, S.</p> <p>2007-02-01</p> <p>Particle induced X-ray emission and particle induced γ-ray emission spectroscopic techniques have been carried out to analyse the elemental concentrations of human pigment gallstone samples from eastern region (Orissa) and southern region (Chennai) of India. It was observed that 18 minor/trace elements namely Na, Mg, Al, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Br and Pb were present in the pigment gallstone samples of both the regions. Our study reveals that average concentration of all elements except Ni in <span class="hlt">south</span> <span class="hlt">Indian</span> pigment gallstone samples is higher than that of corresponding values in east <span class="hlt">Indian</span> pigment gallstone samples whereas elements like Al, P, S, Cl and V did not show much variation between these two regions. Fourier transform infra-red analysis was carried out to identify the functional groups and the classification of the pigment type gallstones of both the regions. The thermal behaviour of pigment gallstones was carried out by thermogravimetry-derivative thermogravimetry analysis.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/822409','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/822409"><span id="translatedtitle">Energy Consumption of Die <span class="hlt">Casting</span> Operations</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Jerald Brevick; clark Mount-Campbell; Carroll Mobley</p> <p>2004-03-15</p> <p>Molten metal processing is inherently energy intensive and roughly 25% of the cost of die-<span class="hlt">cast</span> products can be traced to some form of energy consumption [1]. The obvious major energy requirements are for melting and holding molten alloy in preparation for <span class="hlt">casting</span>. The proper selection and maintenance of melting and holding equipment are clearly important factors in minimizing energy consumption in die-<span class="hlt">casting</span> operations [2]. In addition to energy consumption, furnace selection also influences metal loss due to oxidation, metal quality, and maintenance requirements. Other important factors influencing energy consumption in a die-<span class="hlt">casting</span> facility include geographic location, alloy(s) <span class="hlt">cast</span>, starting form of alloy (solid or liquid), overall process flow, <span class="hlt">casting</span> yield, scrap rate, cycle times, number of shifts per day, days of operation per month, type and size of die-<span class="hlt">casting</span> form of alloy (solid or liquid), overall process flow, <span class="hlt">casting</span> yield, scrap rate, cycle times, number of shifts per day, days of operation per month, type and size of die-<span class="hlt">casting</span> machine, related equipment (robots, trim presses), and downstream processing (machining, plating, assembly, etc.). Each of these factors also may influence the <span class="hlt">casting</span> quality and productivity of a die-<span class="hlt">casting</span> enterprise. In a die-<span class="hlt">casting</span> enterprise, decisions regarding these issues are made frequently and are based on a large number of factors. Therefore, it is not surprising that energy consumption can vary significantly from one die-<span class="hlt">casting</span> enterprise to the next, and within a single enterprise as function of time.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=christian+AND+bible&pg=4&id=EJ818465','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=christian+AND+bible&pg=4&id=EJ818465"><span id="translatedtitle">Writing American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> History</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Noley, Grayson B.</p> <p>2008-01-01</p> <p>The purpose of this paper is to critique the manner in which history about American <span class="hlt">Indians</span> has been written and propose a rationale for the rethinking of what we know about this subject. In particular, histories of education as regards the participation of American <span class="hlt">Indians</span> is a subject that has been given scant attention over the years and when…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Contemporary+AND+Issues+AND+Finance&pg=2&id=EJ823338','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Contemporary+AND+Issues+AND+Finance&pg=2&id=EJ823338"><span id="translatedtitle">Contemporary American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Studies</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Larson, Sidner</p> <p>2009-01-01</p> <p>In his keynote address to the Fifth Annual American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Studies Consortium in 2005 David Wilkins began by commenting on earlier attempts to formally organize such a gathering in ways that might help establish and accredit <span class="hlt">Indian</span> studies programs. He said he had the sense that the thrust of earlier meetings "was really an opportunity for Native…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=plant+AND+competition&pg=3&id=ED093548','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=plant+AND+competition&pg=3&id=ED093548"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indian</span> Culture and Industrialization.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Bigart, Robert J.</p> <p></p> <p>Since factories were developed by and for Western culture, those on American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> reservations need to be adjusted to a nonwestern social and cultural milieu. Among <span class="hlt">Indian</span> cultural traits which differ from Western culture are independence, nature of authority, attitude toward property and nature, competition, rewards system, and sense of time.…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004dbss.book...41C','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004dbss.book...41C"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indian</span> Space Programme</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Chakravarty, S. C.</p> <p></p> <p>An overview of the development of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Space Programme is given as implemented by the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Space Research Organization ISRO. This programme involves meteorological, communications, and scientific spacecrafts and payloads, as well as a complete Launcher and Rocket development programme.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=author+AND+shaw&pg=7&id=ED184779','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=author+AND+shaw&pg=7&id=ED184779"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indians</span> in Careers.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Hollow, Kitty, Ed.; Heuving, Jeanne, Ed.</p> <p></p> <p>Every student in high school is faced with the question of what to do after graduation. American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> students, whether on or off reservations, need ideas as to what is available to them. This compilation of interviews with 10 individuals who are maintaining their "<span class="hlt">Indian</span> identity" and making contributions in the working world provides role…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED125812.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED125812.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indians</span> of Arizona.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC.</p> <p></p> <p>Briefly describing each tribe within Arizona's four major American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> groups, this handbook presents information relative to the cultural background and socioeconomic development of the following tribes: (1) Athapascan Tribes (Navajos and Apaches); (2) Pueblo <span class="hlt">Indians</span> (Hopis); (3) Desert Rancheria Tribes (Pimas, Yumas, Papagos, Maricopas,…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Psychological+AND+Sex+AND+Differences%3a+AND+Origins&pg=2&id=ED166334','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Psychological+AND+Sex+AND+Differences%3a+AND+Origins&pg=2&id=ED166334"><span id="translatedtitle">The (East) <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Woman.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Naidoo, Josephine</p> <p></p> <p>The focus of this paper is on the social, cultural, and psychological problems women of East <span class="hlt">Indian</span> origin share with other immigrant women in Canada. Also examined are problems that are unique to the East <span class="hlt">Indian</span> woman and the ways in which she deals with the challenges, conflicting cultural values, and expectations that confront her. The…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22indian+child+welfare+act%22&pg=2&id=EJ231798','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22indian+child+welfare+act%22&pg=2&id=EJ231798"><span id="translatedtitle">Protecting American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Children.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Fischler, Ronald S.; And Others</p> <p>1980-01-01</p> <p>The passage of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Child Welfare Act has caused concern and misunderstanding among social workers. The Act is seen as a victory for tribal sovereignty but must be viewed within the context of American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> culture and child rearing practices. (Author/JAC)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004JCli...17.3141A','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004JCli...17.3141A"><span id="translatedtitle">Individual and Combined Influences of ENSO and the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean Dipole on the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Summer Monsoon.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Ashok, Karumuri; Guan, Zhaoyong; Saji, N. H.; Yamagata, Toshio</p> <p>2004-08-01</p> <p>The relative influences of the ENSO and <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean Dipole (IOD) events on the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> summer rainfall were studied using observational data and an atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM). The composite analysis of rainfall anomalies demonstrates that the IOD, while significantly influencing the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> summer monsoon rainfall, also significantly reduces the impact of ENSO on the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> summer rainfall whenever these events with the same phase co-occur.The AGCM experiments have shown that during an El Niño event, the Walker circulation over the tropical Indo Pacific region is modulated; a low-level anomalous divergence center over the western Pacific and an anomalous convergence zone over the equatorial <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean are induced. Furthermore, an anomalous zone of convergence over the Myanmar and <span class="hlt">south</span> China regions is induced during an El Niño event. These zones of anomalous convergence are complemented by anomalous divergence over the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> region, causing anomalous subsidence and weakened rainfall. When a strong positive IOD event simultaneously occurs with El Niño, the latter's influence on the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> monsoon is reduced by both poles of the IOD through the following mechanism: an anomalous divergence center, as compared to the summers when an El Niño alone occurs, is introduced in the eastern tropical <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean. From this center, the anomalous divergent flow crosses the equator, and this air, while weakening the El Niño induced divergence over the western Pacific, also leads to convergence over the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> monsoon region. This results in the reduction of the ENSO-induced subsidence and the related rainfall deficit over the eastern flank of the <span class="hlt">Indian</span> monsoon trough region and adjoining regions to the east. On the other hand, over the western part of the tropical <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Ocean sector, part of the anomalous ascending motion from the warm pole of the positive IOD event subsides just to the north of the equator, moves northward, ascends, and causes surplus rainfall. This reduces the ENSO-induced rainfall deficit over western India, the western part of the monsoon trough, and parts of Pakistan. The AGCM experiments also demonstrate that positive IOD events amplify the ENSO-induced dryness over the Indonesian region.<HR ALIGN="center" WIDTH="30%"></p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19770003271','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://hdl.handle.net/2060/19770003271"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Casting</span> propellant in rocket engine</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Roach, J. E.; Froehling, S. C. (Inventor)</p> <p>1976-01-01</p> <p>A method is described for <span class="hlt">casting</span> a solid propellant in the casing of a rocket engine having a continuous wall with a single opening which is formed by leaves of a material which melt at a temperature of the propellant and with curved edges concentric to the curvature of the spherical casing. The leaves are inserted into the spherical casing through the opening forming a core having a greater width than the width of the single opening and with curved peripheral edges. The <span class="hlt">cast</span> propellant forms a solid mass and then heated to melt the leaves and provide a central opening with radial projecting flutes.</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li class="active"><span>23</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>25</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_23 --> <div id="page_24" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li class="active"><span>24</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>25</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="461"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/al1093.photos.046435p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/al1093.photos.046435p/"><span id="translatedtitle">INTERIOR VIEW WITH <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> MACHINE AND A 4" DUCTILE IRON ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>INTERIOR VIEW WITH <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> MACHINE AND A 4" DUCTILE IRON PIPE BEING EXTRACTED FROM <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> MACHINE - McWane <span class="hlt">Cast</span> Iron Pipe Company, Pipe <span class="hlt">Casting</span> Area, 1201 Vanderbilt Road, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/al1093.photos.046438p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/al1093.photos.046438p/"><span id="translatedtitle">INTERIOR VIEW WITH <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> MACHINE COOLING A 20' IRON PIPE ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>INTERIOR VIEW WITH <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> MACHINE COOLING A 20' IRON PIPE PRIOR TO EXTRACTION FROM <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> MACHINE. - McWane <span class="hlt">Cast</span> Iron Pipe Company, Pipe <span class="hlt">Casting</span> Area, 1201 Vanderbilt Road, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/al1093.photos.046436p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/al1093.photos.046436p/"><span id="translatedtitle">INTERIOR VIEW OF <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> MACHINE WITH 4' DUCTILE IRON PIPE ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>INTERIOR VIEW OF <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> MACHINE WITH 4' DUCTILE IRON PIPE BEING WEIGHED ON SCALES AT <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> MACHINE. - McWane <span class="hlt">Cast</span> Iron Pipe Company, Pipe <span class="hlt">Casting</span> Area, 1201 Vanderbilt Road, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/al1093.photos.046434p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/al1093.photos.046434p/"><span id="translatedtitle">INTERIOR VIEW WITH <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> MACHINE AND A 4' DUCTILE IRON ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>INTERIOR VIEW WITH <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> MACHINE AND A 4' DUCTILE IRON PIPE BEING CENTRIFUGALLY <span class="hlt">CAST</span>, AS OPERATOR WATCHES TO ENSURE QUALITY. - McWane <span class="hlt">Cast</span> Iron Pipe Company, Pipe <span class="hlt">Casting</span> Area, 1201 Vanderbilt Road, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/al1093.photos.046432p/','SCIGOV-HHH'); return false;" href="//www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/al1093.photos.046432p/"><span id="translatedtitle">INTERIOR VIEW, LOOKING NORTH, WITH <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> SUPERINTENDENT OVERSEEING TRANSFER OF ...</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>INTERIOR VIEW, LOOKING NORTH, WITH <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> SUPERINTENDENT OVERSEEING TRANSFER OF MOLTEN METAL TO A <span class="hlt">CASTING</span> MACHINE. - McWane <span class="hlt">Cast</span> Iron Pipe Company, Pipe <span class="hlt">Casting</span> Area, 1201 Vanderbilt Road, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6277824','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6277824"><span id="translatedtitle">Properties of electroslag <span class="hlt">castings</span>: Part 1</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Sikka, V.K.</p> <p>1984-11-01</p> <p>This part of several reports to be published on the properties of electroslag <span class="hlt">castings</span> of 2 1/4 Cr-1 Mo, 9 Cr-1 Mo, and type 316 stainless steel describes the properties of three electroslag-<span class="hlt">cast</span> valve bodies of type 316 stainless steel. These <span class="hlt">castings</span> were electroslag <span class="hlt">cast</span> at the University of British Columbia in Canada from ORNL-supplied electrodes. The <span class="hlt">castings</span> have been characterized for surface finish, cracking, solidification structure, chemical analysis, hardness, ferrite distribution, tensile properties, Charpy impact properties, and creep properties. Tensile data on these <span class="hlt">castings</span> were compared with the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) code minimum values for sand <span class="hlt">castings</span>. The creep data were compared with the data on sand <span class="hlt">castings</span> and the ASME code minimum curve for wrought material. 29 figures, 7 tables.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title14-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title14-vol1-sec23-621.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title14-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title14-vol1-sec23-621.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">14 CFR 23.621 - <span class="hlt">Casting</span> factors.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-01-01</p> <p>... structural <span class="hlt">castings</span> except <span class="hlt">castings</span> that are pressure tested as parts of hydraulic or other fluid systems and do not support structural loads. (b) Bearing stresses and surfaces. The <span class="hlt">casting</span> factors specified in... an acceptable statistical analysis supports reduction, non-destructive inspection may be reduced...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/2137','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/2137"><span id="translatedtitle">Prediction of Microporosity in Shrouded Impeller <span class="hlt">Castings</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Viswanathan, S. Nelson, C.D.</p> <p>1998-09-01</p> <p>The purpose of this Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Morris Bean and Company was to link computer models of heat and fluid flow with previously developed quality criteria for the prediction of microporosity in a Al-4.5% Cu alloy shrouded impeller <span class="hlt">casting</span>. The results may be used to analyze the <span class="hlt">casting</span> process design for the commercial production of 206 o alloy shrouded impeller <span class="hlt">castings</span>. Test impeller <span class="hlt">castings</span> were poured in the laboratory for the purpose of obtaining thermal data and porosity distributions. Also, a simulation of the test impeller <span class="hlt">casting</span> was conducted and the results validated with porosity measurements on the test <span class="hlt">castings</span>. A comparison of the predicted and measured microporosity distributions indicated an excellent correlation between experiments and prediction. The results of the experimental and modeling studies undertaken in this project indicate that the quality criteria developed for the prediction of microporosity in Al-4.5% Cu alloy <span class="hlt">castings</span> can accurately predict regions of elevated microporosity even in complex <span class="hlt">castings</span> such as the shrouded impeller <span class="hlt">casting</span>. Accordingly, it should be possible to use quality criteria for porosity prediction in conjunction with computer models of heat and fluid flow to optimize the <span class="hlt">casting</span> process for the production of shrouded impeller <span class="hlt">castings</span>. Since high levels of microporosity may be expected to result in poor fatigue properties, <span class="hlt">casting</span> designs that are optimized for low levels of microporosity should exhibit superior fatigue life.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title14-vol1/pdf/CFR-2014-title14-vol1-sec23-621.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title14-vol1/pdf/CFR-2014-title14-vol1-sec23-621.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">14 CFR 23.621 - <span class="hlt">Casting</span> factors.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-01-01</p> <p>... Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS... structural <span class="hlt">castings</span> except <span class="hlt">castings</span> that are pressure tested as parts of hydraulic or other fluid systems and do not support structural loads. (b) Bearing stresses and surfaces. The <span class="hlt">casting</span> factors specified...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title14-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title14-vol1-sec23-621.pdf','CFR2011'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title14-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title14-vol1-sec23-621.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">14 CFR 23.621 - <span class="hlt">Casting</span> factors.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2011-01-01</p> <p>... Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS... structural <span class="hlt">castings</span> except <span class="hlt">castings</span> that are pressure tested as parts of hydraulic or other fluid systems and do not support structural loads. (b) Bearing stresses and surfaces. The <span class="hlt">casting</span> factors specified...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title14-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title14-vol1-sec23-621.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title14-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title14-vol1-sec23-621.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">14 CFR 23.621 - <span class="hlt">Casting</span> factors.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>... Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS... structural <span class="hlt">castings</span> except <span class="hlt">castings</span> that are pressure tested as parts of hydraulic or other fluid systems and do not support structural loads. (b) Bearing stresses and surfaces. The <span class="hlt">casting</span> factors specified...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://gallery.usgs.gov/photos/08_20_2015_n63Ul88KKf_08_20_2015_2','SCIGOVIMAGE-USGS'); return false;" href="http://gallery.usgs.gov/photos/08_20_2015_n63Ul88KKf_08_20_2015_2"><span id="translatedtitle">Wetland Vegetation at Dorman Slough, Lower Brule <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation, SD</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href=""></a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>View of wetland vegetation (distant) and food plot (right) at Dorman Slough. A reconnaissance-level study of selected wetlands on and near the Lower Brule <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation in <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota was completed in 2012-13 by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Lower Brule Sioux Tribe using g...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://gallery.usgs.gov/photos/08_20_2015_n63Ul88KKf_08_20_2015_6','SCIGOVIMAGE-USGS'); return false;" href="http://gallery.usgs.gov/photos/08_20_2015_n63Ul88KKf_08_20_2015_6"><span id="translatedtitle">Vegetation at Dorman Slough, Lower Brule <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation, SD</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href=""></a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>View of wetland vegetation (right) and food plot (left) at Dorman Slough. A reconnaissance-level study of selected wetlands on and near the Lower Brule <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation in <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota was completed in 2012-13 by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Lower Brule Sioux Tribe using grou...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=bulls&pg=7&id=ED123018','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=bulls&pg=7&id=ED123018"><span id="translatedtitle">Sitting Bull, The Story of an American <span class="hlt">Indian</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Knoop, Faith Yingling</p> <p></p> <p>Sitting Bull was a complex man, living in complicated times. A Hunkpapa Sioux, he grew up on the Great Plains of <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota. His early years, as described in this biography, were taken up with the hunt, forays against Crow <span class="hlt">Indians</span>, and his development as a warrior and leader through the Vision Quest and Sun Dance. A man of considerable talents,…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Mount+AND+Rushmore&id=ED123019','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Mount+AND+Rushmore&id=ED123019"><span id="translatedtitle">Crazy Horse, The Story of an American <span class="hlt">Indian</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Milton, John R.</p> <p></p> <p>A great monument is being blasted out of Thunderhead Mountain near Mount Rushmore in <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota. Slowly, Chief Crazy Horse emerges from the stone. One day he will sit on his <span class="hlt">Indian</span> pony pointing over the Black Hills as though saying, "My lands are where my dead lie buried." This biography of Crazy Horse begins with sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski's…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=vine&pg=4&id=ED099149','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=vine&pg=4&id=ED099149"><span id="translatedtitle">A Teacher's Guide To: <span class="hlt">Indians</span> and the Outdoor Classroom.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Schumacher, C. M.</p> <p></p> <p>As a basic teacher's guide to the study of plants in their environment, this document serves primarily as a starting point for outdoor education with an American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> emphasis in the State of <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota. The State is divided into three broad environmental categories or "biotic communities" (Prairie and Plains, Woodlands, and Wet Places); lists…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://gallery.usgs.gov/photos/08_20_2015_n63Ul88KKf_08_20_2015_12','SCIGOVIMAGE-USGS'); return false;" href="http://gallery.usgs.gov/photos/08_20_2015_n63Ul88KKf_08_20_2015_12"><span id="translatedtitle">North Potter Slough, Lower Brule <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation, SD</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href=""></a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>View of North Potter Slough showing dense stand of curly dock, with muskrat huts and cattail stand in the background. A reconnaissance-level study of selected wetlands on and near the Lower Brule <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservation in <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota was completed in 2012-13 by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED165945.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED165945.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Career Education and the American <span class="hlt">Indian</span>. Fall 1976.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>South Dakota Univ., Vermillion. School of Education.</p> <p></p> <p>These materials are for use in the instruction on current occupations existing on the Standing Rock, Cheyenne River, Sisseton, Lower Brule, Crow Creek, Flandreau, Pine Ridge, Rosebud, and Yankton Sioux <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Reservations in <span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota. Objectives of the materials are to help learners identify the geographical locations of each of the nine Sioux…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Season+AND+Report&pg=7&id=ED427920','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Season+AND+Report&pg=7&id=ED427920"><span id="translatedtitle">Boarding School Seasons: American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Families, 1900-1940.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Child, Brenda J.</p> <p></p> <p>This book draws on hundreds of letters by students, parents, and school officials to explore American <span class="hlt">Indian</span>, specifically Ojibwa, perspectives of the boarding school experience in the period from 1900-1940. The three institutions studied are Haskell Institute (Kansas), Flandreau School (<span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota), and Pipestone School (Minnesota). Chapter 1</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=statistics+AND+complaints&pg=3&id=ED427920','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=statistics+AND+complaints&pg=3&id=ED427920"><span id="translatedtitle">Boarding School Seasons: American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Families, 1900-1940.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Child, Brenda J.</p> <p></p> <p>This book draws on hundreds of letters by students, parents, and school officials to explore American <span class="hlt">Indian</span>, specifically Ojibwa, perspectives of the boarding school experience in the period from 1900-1940. The three institutions studied are Haskell Institute (Kansas), Flandreau School (<span class="hlt">South</span> Dakota), and Pipestone School (Minnesota). Chapter 1…</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li class="active"><span>24</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>25</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_24 --> <div id="page_25" class="hiddenDiv"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li class="active"><span>25</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-12"> <ol class="result-class" start="481"> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=yellowstone&pg=3&id=ED249016','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=yellowstone&pg=3&id=ED249016"><span id="translatedtitle">Little Blaze and the Buffalo Jump. <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Culture Series.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Roop, Peter</p> <p></p> <p>The reader is one in a series of stories of the Blackfeet <span class="hlt">Indians</span> which take place when the people were at the height of their power, hunting buffalo north to the North Saskatchewan River, <span class="hlt">south</span> to the Yellowstone River, east to the Montana-North Dakota border, and west to the Rocky Mountains. The story is about Little Blaze, a young Blackfeet…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://cfpub.epa.gov/si/si_public_record_report.cfm?dirEntryId=198212&keyword=animal+AND+interaction&actType=&TIMSType=+&TIMSSubTypeID=&DEID=&epaNumber=&ntisID=&archiveStatus=Both&ombCat=Any&dateBeginCreated=&dateEndCreated=&dateBeginPublishedPresented=&dateEndPublishedPresented=&dateBeginUpdated=&dateEndUpdated=&dateBeginCompleted=&dateEndCompleted=&personID=&role=Any&journalID=&publisherID=&sortBy=revisionDate&count=50&CFID=50580227&CFTOKEN=46773026','EPA-EIMS'); return false;" href="http://cfpub.epa.gov/si/si_public_record_report.cfm?dirEntryId=198212&keyword=animal+AND+interaction&actType=&TIMSType=+&TIMSSubTypeID=&DEID=&epaNumber=&ntisID=&archiveStatus=Both&ombCat=Any&dateBeginCreated=&dateEndCreated=&dateBeginPublishedPresented=&dateEndPublishedPresented=&dateBeginUpdated=&dateEndUpdated=&dateBeginCompleted=&dateEndCompleted=&personID=&role=Any&journalID=&publisherID=&sortBy=revisionDate&count=50&CFID=50580227&CFTOKEN=46773026"><span id="translatedtitle">Overview of Tox<span class="hlt">Cast</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>In 2007, EPA launched Tox<span class="hlt">Cast</span> in order to develop a cost-effective approach for prioritizing the toxicity testing of large numbers of chemicals in a short period of time. Using data from state-of-the-art high throughput screening (HTS) bioassays developed in the pharmaceutical i...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/790580','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/790580"><span id="translatedtitle">Advanced Lost Foam <span class="hlt">Casting</span> Technology</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Charles E. Bates; Harry E. Littleton; Don Askeland; Taras Molibog; Jason Hopper; Ben Vatankhah</p> <p>2000-11-30</p> <p>This report describes the research done under the six tasks to improve the process and make it more functional in an industrial environment. Task 1: Pattern Pyrolysis Products and Pattern Properties Task 2: Coating Quality Control Task 3: Fill and Solidification Code Task 4: Alternate Pattern Materials Task 5: <span class="hlt">Casting</span> Distortion Task 6: Technology Transfer</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007NJPh....9..171A','NASAADS'); return false;" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007NJPh....9..171A"><span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">CAST</span> time projection chamber</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p>Autiero, D.; Beltrán, B.; Carmona, J. M.; Cebrián, S.; Chesi, E.; Davenport, M.; Delattre, M.; Di Lella, L.; Formenti, F.; Irastorza, I. G.; Gómez, H.; Hasinoff, M.; Lakic, B.; Luzón, G.; Morales, J.; Musa, L.; Ortiz, A.; Placci, A.; Rodrigurez, A.; Ruz, J.; Villar, J. A.; Zioutas, K.</p> <p>2007-06-01</p> <p>One of the three x-ray detectors of the CERN Axion Solar Telescope (<span class="hlt">CAST</span>) experiment searching for solar axions is a time projection chamber (TPC) with a multi-wire proportional counter (MWPC) as a readout structure. Its design has been optimized to provide high sensitivity to the detection of the low intensity x-ray signal expected in the <span class="hlt">CAST</span> experiment. A low hardware threshold of 0.8 keV is set to a safe level during normal data taking periods, and the overall efficiency for the detection of photons coming from conversion of solar axions is 62%. Shielding has been installed around the detector, lowering the background level to 4.10 × 10-5 counts cm-2 s-1 keV-1 between 1 and 10 keV. During phase I of the <span class="hlt">CAST</span> experiment the TPC has provided robust and stable operation, thus contributing with a competitive result to the overall <span class="hlt">CAST</span> limit on axion photon coupling and mass.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19860000633&hterms=cerium&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3Dcerium','NASA-TRS'); return false;" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19860000633&hterms=cerium&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D30%26Ntt%3Dcerium"><span id="translatedtitle">Graphite Formation in <span class="hlt">Cast</span> Iron</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p>Stefanescu, D. M.</p> <p>1985-01-01</p> <p>In the first phase of the project it was proven that by changing the ratio between the thermal gradient and the growth rate for commercial <span class="hlt">cast</span> iron samples solidifying in a Bridgman type furnace, it is possible to produce all types of graphite structures, from flake to spheroidal, and all types of matrices, from ferritic to white at a certain given level of cerium. KC-135 flight experiments have shown that in a low-gravity environment, no flotation occurs even in spheroidal graphite <span class="hlt">cast</span> irons with carbon equivalent as high as 5%, while extensive graphite flotation occurred in both flake and spheroidal graphite <span class="hlt">cast</span> irons, in high carbon samples solidified in a high gravity environment. This opens the way for production of iron-carbon composite materials, with high carbon content (e.g., 10%) in a low gravity environment. By using KC-135 flights, the influence of some basic elements on the solidification of <span class="hlt">cast</span> iron will be studied. The mechanism of flake to spheroidal graphite transition will be studied, by using quenching experiments at both low and one gravity for different G/R ratios.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=foundry&pg=2&id=EJ115413','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=foundry&pg=2&id=EJ115413"><span id="translatedtitle">Molding A <span class="hlt">Cast</span> Metals Program</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Trumble, Dale E.</p> <p>1975-01-01</p> <p>The <span class="hlt">cast</span> metals program, a two-year associate degree program, at Muskegon Community College, Musegon, Michigan operates in close cooperation with the local foundry industry to provide a background for entry-level technical jobs and for continued studies toward a four-year degree. (EA)</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/946584','SCIGOV-STC'); return false;" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/946584"><span id="translatedtitle">Tape <span class="hlt">casting</span> of magnesium oxide.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p>Ayala, Alicia; Corral, Erica L.; Loehman, Ronald E.; Bencoe, Denise Nora; Reiterer, Markus; Shah, Raja A.</p> <p>2008-02-01</p> <p>A tape <span class="hlt">casting</span> procedure for fabricating ceramic magnesium oxide tapes has been developed as a method to produce flat sheets of sintered MgO that are thin and porous. Thickness of single layer tapes is in the range of 200-400 {micro}m with corresponding surface roughness values in the range of 10-20 {micro}m as measured by laser profilometry. Development of the tape <span class="hlt">casting</span> technique required optimization of pretreatment for the starting magnesium oxide (MgO) powder as well as a detailed study of the <span class="hlt">casting</span> slurry preparation and subsequent heat treatments for sintering and final tape flattening. Milling time of the ceramic powder, plasticizer, and binder mixture was identified as a primary factor affecting surface morphology of the tapes. In general, longer milling times resulted in green tapes with a noticeably smoother surface. This work demonstrates that meticulous control of the entire tape <span class="hlt">casting</span> operation is necessary to obtain high-quality MgO tapes.</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://cfpub.epa.gov/si/si_public_record_report.cfm?dirEntryId=48696&keyword=molding&actType=&TIMSType=+&TIMSSubTypeID=&DEID=&epaNumber=&ntisID=&archiveStatus=Both&ombCat=Any&dateBeginCreated=&dateEndCreated=&dateBeginPublishedPresented=&dateEndPublishedPresented=&dateBeginUpdated=&dateEndUpdated=&dateBeginCompleted=&dateEndCompleted=&personID=&role=Any&journalID=&publisherID=&sortBy=revisionDate&count=50&CFID=58231245&CFTOKEN=45316848','EPA-EIMS'); return false;" href="http://cfpub.epa.gov/si/si_public_record_report.cfm?dirEntryId=48696&keyword=molding&actType=&TIMSType=+&TIMSSubTypeID=&DEID=&epaNumber=&ntisID=&archiveStatus=Both&ombCat=Any&dateBeginCreated=&dateEndCreated=&dateBeginPublishedPresented=&dateEndPublishedPresented=&dateBeginUpdated=&dateEndUpdated=&dateBeginCompleted=&dateEndCompleted=&personID=&role=Any&journalID=&publisherID=&sortBy=revisionDate&count=50&CFID=58231245&CFTOKEN=45316848"><span id="translatedtitle">ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF IRON <span class="hlt">CASTING</span></span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://oaspub.epa.gov/eims/query.page">EPA Science Inventory</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>Sampling of ductile iron <span class="hlt">casting</span> in green sand molds with phenolic isocyanate cores and in phenol-formaldehyde bound shell molds did not provide definitive proof that environmentally hazardous organic emission occur. Both molding systems produced the same type of major emissions,...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://eric.ed.gov/?q=copper+AND+production&id=EJ727927','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://eric.ed.gov/?q=copper+AND+production&id=EJ727927"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Casting</span> Freedom, 1860-1862</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Social Education, 2005</p> <p>2005-01-01</p> <p>Thomas Crawford, an American Sculptor, created the full-size figure of Freedom in clay. Molds were made, from which a full-size positive plaster model was <span class="hlt">cast</span> in five main sections. This model is on view today in the basement rotunda of the Russell Senate Office Building. Clark Mills was a self-taught American sculptor with experience in casting…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED242146.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED242146.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">Math: Objectives Guide. Project <span class="hlt">CAST</span>.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Charles County Board of Education, La Plata, MD. Office of Special Education.</p> <p></p> <p>The guide lists math objectives needed for independent living by secondary special education students. One of a series of Project <span class="hlt">CAST</span> (Community and School Together) life skills manuals, the guide outlines basic competencies in terms of goal statements, behavioral objectives, and specialized vocabulary for the following areas: money, making…</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/diabetic-neuropathy/treatment/what-is-a-total-contact-cast.printerview.all.html','NIH-MEDLINEPLUS'); return false;" href="http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/diabetic-neuropathy/treatment/what-is-a-total-contact-cast.printerview.all.html"><span id="translatedtitle">Diabetic Neuropathy: What is a Total Contact <span class="hlt">Cast</span>?</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePlus</a></p> <p></p> <p></p> <p>... Web version Diabetic Neuropathy | What is a Total Contact <span class="hlt">Cast</span>? What is a total contact <span class="hlt">cast</span>? A total contact <span class="hlt">cast</span> is a <span class="hlt">cast</span> used to treat ulcers ( ... foot--that's why it is called a total contact <span class="hlt">cast</span>. The <span class="hlt">cast</span> helps to protect the skin ...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-09-05/pdf/2013-21644.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-09-05/pdf/2013-21644.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">78 FR 54670 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-09-05</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... Date: September 5, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span>... compact to October 31, 2013. Dated: August 30, 2013. Kevin K. Washburn, Assistant...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-10-22/pdf/2013-24350.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-10-22/pdf/2013-24350.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">78 FR 62649 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-10-22</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ACTION: Notice of... Compact between the North Fork Rancheria of Mono <span class="hlt">Indians</span> and the State of California taking effect. DATES: Effective Date: October 22, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-03-21/pdf/2013-06446.pdf','FEDREG'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2013-03-21/pdf/2013-06446.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">78 FR 17427 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=FR">Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-03-21</p> <p>... Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Gaming AGENCY: Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs, Interior. ] ACTION: Notice of... Compact between the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa <span class="hlt">Indians</span> and the State of North Dakota. DATES: Effective Date: March 21, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Paula L. Hart, Director, Office of...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED129509.pdf','ERIC'); return false;" href="http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED129509.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">An <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Education Resources Center.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p>Benham, William J.</p> <p></p> <p>An <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Education Resources Center has been established in Albuquerque, New Mexico, to improve educational opportunities for American <span class="hlt">Indian</span> students. Part of the Bureau of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Affairs' Central Office of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> Education Program, the center was established after a thorough review of the Bureau's Central Office education operations revealed a</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3705691','PMC'); return false;" href="http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3705691"><span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Indian</span> concepts on sexuality</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p>Chakraborty, Kaustav; Thakurata, Rajarshi Guha</p> <p>2013-01-01</p> <p>India is a vast country depicting wide social, cultural and sexual variations. <span class="hlt">Indian</span> concept of sexuality has evolved over time and has been immensely influenced by various rulers and religions. <span class="hlt">Indian</span> sexuality is manifested in our attire, behavior, recreation, literature, sculptures, scriptures, religion and sports. It has influenced the way we perceive our health, disease and device remedies for the same. In modern era, with rapid globalization the unique <span class="hlt">Indian</span> sexuality is getting diffused. The time has come to rediscover ourselves in terms of sexuality to attain individual freedom and to reinvest our energy to social issues related to sexuality. PMID:23858263</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12280376','PUBMED'); return false;" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12280376"><span id="translatedtitle">[<span class="hlt">Indian</span> workers in Oman].</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p>Longuenesse, E</p> <p>1985-01-01</p> <p>Until recently Oman was a country of emigration, but by 1980 an estimated 200,000 foreign workers were in the country due to the petroleum boom. Almost 1/3 of the estimated 300,000 <span class="hlt">Indian</span> workers in the Gulf states were in Oman, a country whose colonial heritage was closely tied to that of India and many of whose inhabitants still speak Urdu. The number of work permits granted to <span class="hlt">Indians</span> working in the private sector in Oman increased from 47,928 in 1976 to 80,787 in 1980. An estimated 110,000 <span class="hlt">Indians</span> were working in Oman in 1982, the great majority in the construction and public works sector. A few hundred <span class="hlt">Indian</span> women were employed by the government of Oman, as domestics, or in other capacities. No accurate data is available on the qualifications of <span class="hlt">Indian</span> workers in Oman, but a 1979 survey suggested a relatively low illiteracy rate among them. 60-75% of <span class="hlt">Indians</span> in Oman are from the state of Kerala, followed by workers from the Punjab and the southern states of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh and Bombay. <span class="hlt">Indian</span> workers are recruited by specialized agencies or by friends or relatives already employed in Oman. Employers in Oman prefer to recruit through agencies because the preselection process minimizes hiring of workers unqualified for their posts. Officially, expenses of transportation, visas, and other needs are shared by the worker and the employer, but the demand for jobs is so strong that the workers are obliged to pay commissions which amount to considerable sums for stable and well paying jobs. Wages in Oman are however 2 to 5 times the level in India. Numerous abuses have been reported in recruitment practices and in failure of employers in Oman to pay the promised wages, but <span class="hlt">Indian</span> workers have little recourse. At the same level of qualifications, <span class="hlt">Indians</span> are paid less then non-Omani Arabs, who in turn receive less than Oman nationals. <span class="hlt">Indians</span> who remain in Oman long enough nevertheless are able to support families at home and to accumulate considerable savings. Working and living conditions are difficult: the hours are long, the weather is hot, housing conditions are primitive and provide no relief from the heat, the food supply is the minimum required, and almost no diversions are available. There are no unions even among Omani workers, and troublemakers are quickly repatriated. The <span class="hlt">Indian</span> embassy occasionally intercedes for workers, brief work stoppages may occur if pay is delayed, and some conflicts are settled individually. Resistence among <span class="hlt">Indian</span> workers may take less visible forms, especially absenteeism and requests for leave. PMID:12280376</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title25-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title25-vol2-sec502-13.pdf','CFR'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title25-vol2/pdf/CFR-2010-title25-vol2-sec502-13.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">25 CFR 502.13 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2010&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2010-04-01</p> <p>... 25 <span class="hlt">Indians</span> 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. 502.13 Section 502.13 <span class="hlt">Indians</span> NATIONAL <span class="hlt">INDIAN</span> GAMING COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL PROVISIONS DEFINITIONS OF THIS CHAPTER § 502.13 <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe means any <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe, band, nation, or other organized group...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title25-vol2/pdf/CFR-2013-title25-vol2-sec502-13.pdf','CFR2013'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title25-vol2/pdf/CFR-2013-title25-vol2-sec502-13.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">25 CFR 502.13 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2013-04-01</p> <p>... 25 <span class="hlt">Indians</span> 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. 502.13 Section 502.13 <span class="hlt">Indians</span> NATIONAL <span class="hlt">INDIAN</span> GAMING COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL PROVISIONS DEFINITIONS OF THIS CHAPTER § 502.13 <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe. <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe means any <span class="hlt">Indian</span> tribe, band, nation, or other organized group...</p> </li> <li> <p><a target="_blank" onclick="trackOutboundLink('https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title25-vol2/pdf/CFR-2014-title25-vol2-sec502-12.pdf','CFR2014'); return false;" href="https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2014-title25-vol2/pdf/CFR-2014-title25-vol2-sec502-12.pdf"><span id="translatedtitle">25 CFR 502.12 - <span class="hlt">Indian</span> lands.</span></a></p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2014&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR</a></p> <p></p> <p>2014-04-01</p> <p>... 25 <span class="hlt">Indians</span> 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false <span class="hlt">Indian</span> lands. 502.12 Section 502.12 <span class="hlt">Indians</span> NATIONAL <span class="hlt">INDIAN</span> GAMING COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL PROVISIONS DEFINITIONS OF THIS CHAPTER § 502.12 <span class="hlt">Indian</span> lands. <span class="hlt">Indian</span> lands means: (a) Land within the limits of an <span class="hlt">Indian</span> reservation; or (b)...</p> </li> </ol> <div class="pull-right"> <ul class="pagination"> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");'>«</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");'>21</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");'>22</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_23");'>23</a></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");'>24</a></li> <li class="active"><span>25</span></li> <li><a href="#" onclick='return showDiv("page_25");'>»</a></li> </ul> </div> </div><!-- col-sm-12 --> </div><!-- row --> </div><!-- page_25 --> <center> <div class="footer-extlink text-muted"><small>Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. 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