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1

COMPOSICIÓN QUÍMICA DE LOS METABOLITOS SECUNDARIOS VOLÁTILES DE Pelargonium graveolens, EN FUNCIÓN DEL MÉTODO DE EXTRACCIÓN Y ÉPOCA DE RECOLECCIÓN DEL MATERIAL VEGETAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN En la presente investigación se estudió la composición química de los metabolitos secundarios volátiles aislados del geranio, Pelargonium graveolens, en diferentes épocas de recolección del material vegetal mediante dos técnicas de extracción: hidrodestilación asistida por la radiación de microondas (MWHD) y destilación - extracción con solvente simultánea (SDE). Las fracciones volátiles se analizaron por cromatografía de gases acoplada a

DEYNY LETICIA; MENDIVELSO PÉREZ; MARTHA CECILIA OLIVARES; Estudiante de Química

2

SP Fonts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you're looking for funky fonts to include in Web designs, papers, or posters, SP Fonts may be your answer. Scholars Press (SP) Fonts "are a set of simple, public domain fonts" designed for print and non-commercial Web use. This site currently offers eight public domain fonts that may be downloaded and used free of charge. Three of the fonts are Hebrew/Aramaic fonts: "SPTiberian (a standard Hebrew font), SPDamascus (a thinner font with Palestinian as well as Tiberian vowel points), and SPEzra (a simple, fixed-width Hebrew font)." Two are Greek fonts: "SPIonic (a more complete Greek font) and SPDoric (a simpler, uncial font)." Other fonts include "SPEdessa (a Syriac Estrangela font), SPAchmim (a Coptic font), and SPAtlantis (a transliteration font that includes diacriticals and other special characters that allow the representation of numerous Indo-European, Semitic, and other languages"-- available in both Roman and Italic type). All fonts are TrueType fonts and are compatible with PC (Windows) and Mac computers. In addition, each font has a .readme file that explains the standard keyboard mapping used by the font. Although the fonts are free to the public, the Web site requests permission from the copyright holder before including the typefaces in commercial electronic products.

3

Plasmids in Frankia sp.  

PubMed Central

A method to achieve cell lysis and isolate Frankia sp. plasmid DNA was developed. A screening of Frankia sp. strains belonging to different host compatibility groups (Alnus sp., Elaeagnus sp., Ceanothus sp.) showed that, of 39 strains tested, 4 (strains Cp11, ARgN22d, ArI3, and EUN1f) possessed plasmids ranging in size from 7.1 to 32.2 kilobase pairs as estimated from agarose gel electrophoresis and electron microscopy. A total of 11 plasmids were detected. Images PMID:6863219

Normand, P; Simonet, P; Butour, J L; Rosenberg, C; Moiroud, A; Lalonde, M

1983-01-01

4

76 FR 56876 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Forms 9779, 9779(SP), 9783, 9783(SP), 9787, 9787(SP...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Forms 9779, 9779(SP), 9783, 9783(SP), 9787, 9787(SP), 9789 and 9789(SP) AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Notice...

2011-09-14

5

Sp(2)-BRST  

SciTech Connect

A general method is given for the construction of gauge-fixed actions for theories with local gauge symmetries. The method is based on the single requirement that the space of fields carries an irreducible representation of the Sp(2)-BRST algebra, with respect to which the resultant actions are then automatically invariant.

Twisk, S.; Zhang, R.B.

1988-09-01

6

Pseudomonas kuykendallii sp. nov.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This is a submission to the list of microorganisms with standing in nomenclature maintained by the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. We wish to have Pseudomonas kuykendallii sp. nov. added to the list as a valid species belonging to the genus Pseudomonas. Three str...

7

Laser sculpting of atomic sp, sp(2) , and sp(3) hybrid orbitals.  

PubMed

Atomic sp, sp(2) , and sp(3) hybrid orbitals were introduced by Linus Pauling to explain the nature of the chemical bond. Quantum dynamics simulations show that they can be sculpted by means of a selective series of coherent laser pulses, starting from the 1s orbital of the hydrogen atom. Laser hybridization generates atoms with state-selective electric dipoles, opening up new possibilities for the study of chemical reaction dynamics and heterogeneous catalysis. PMID:25257703

Liu, Chunmei; Manz, Jörn; Yang, Yonggang

2015-01-12

8

Genetic transfers in Brevibacterium sp  

Microsoft Academic Search

A positive genetic transfer by protoplast fusion was obtained in auxotrophic mutantsBrevibacterium sp. M27his andBrevibacterium sp. M27arg. Transformation and protoplast fusion with liposomes (as genetic transfers in intact cells and their protoplasts by both\\u000a the chromosomal and plasmid DNA) did not lead to transfer of the markers followed.

V. Rytí?; A. Šroglová; I. Holubová; M. Koní?ková-Radochová; J. Koní?ek

1986-01-01

9

NASA SP-4009 APOLLO SPACECRAFT  

E-print Network

. 8, 1962-Sept. 30, 1964. [etc.] Includes bibliographical references. 1. Project Apollo. I. ErtelNASA SP-4009 THE APOLLO SPACECRAFT VOLUME IV January 21, 1966-July 13, 1974 hy Ivan D. Ertel (revised) Main entry under title: The Apollo spacecraft. (The NASA historical series) (NASA SP-4009

Rathbun, Julie A.

10

DADiSP processing guide  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A guide for DADiSP software, intended for use by the Lambda Point Experiment (LPE) Team during and after the United States Microgravity Payload (USMP)-1 mission, is presented. DADiSP is a Data Analysis and Display Software developed and marketed by DSP Development Corporation, Cambridge, Massachusetts. This guide is intended to be used in addition to the DADiSP Worksheet User Manual and Reference Manual which are supplied by the company with the software. Technical support for DADiSP is available from DSP at (617) 577-1133. Access to DADiSP on Acceleration Characterization and Analysis Project (ACAP) EGSE is being provided to the LPE team during USMP-1 for off-line processing of SAMS data.

Rogers, Melissa J. B.

1993-01-01

11

SP-100 space reactor safety  

SciTech Connect

The SP-100 space reactor power system is being developed to meet the large electrical power requirements of civilian and military missions planned for the 1990's and beyond. It will remove the restrictions on electrical power generation that have tended to limit missions and will enable the fuller exploration and utilization of space. This booklet describes the SP-100 space reactor power system and its development. Particular emphasis is given to safety. The design aand operational features as well as the design and safety review process that will assure that the SP-100 can be launched nd operated safely are described.

Not Available

1987-05-01

12

SP-100 advanced technology program  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the triagency SP-100 Program is to develop long-lived, compact, lightweight, survivable nuclear reactor space power systems for application to the power range 50 kWe to 1 MWe. The successful development of these systems should enable or significantly enhance many of the future NASA civil and commercial missions. The NASA SP-100 Advanced Technology Program strongly augments the parallel SP-100 Ground Engineering System Development program and enhances the chances for success of the overall SP-100 program. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the key technical elements of the Advanced Technology Program and the progress made in the initial year and a half of the project.

Sovie, R.J.

1987-01-01

13

SP-100 Advanced Technology Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the triagency SP-100 Program is to develop long-lived, compact, lightweight, survivable nuclear reactor space power systems for application to the power range 50 kWe to 1 MWe. The successful development of these systems should enable or significantly enhance many of the future NASA civil and commercial missions. The NASA SP-100 Advanced Technology Program strongly augments the parallel SP-100 Ground Engineering System Development program and enhances the chances for success of the overall SP-100 program. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the key technical elements of the Advanced Technology Program and the progress made in the initial year and a half of the project.

Sovie, Ronald J.

1987-01-01

14

Streptomyces specialis sp. nov.  

PubMed

A Gram-positive, non-endospore-forming bacterium (GW41-1564(T)) was isolated from soil. Comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain GW41-1564(T) is a member of the genus Streptomyces, exhibiting highest similarities with Streptomyces hainanensis YIM 47672(T) (97.8 %) and Streptomyces cacaoi subsp. cacaoi NBRC 12748(T) (97.5 %). Strain GW41-1564(T) could be distinguished from any other Streptomyces species with validly published names by sequence similarity values less than 97.5 %. Strain GW41-1564(T) exhibited an unusual quinone system, with the predominant compounds MK-10(H(4)) and MK-10(H(6)) and smaller amounts of MK-9(H(4)) and MK-9(H(6)). The type strain of the most closely related species, S. hainanensis YIM 47672(T), also contained an unusual quinone system composed of MK-9(H(6)) and MK-9(H(8)) in addition to MK-9(H(4)) and MK-10(H(0)), whereas the type strain of the second most closely related species, S. cacaoi NBRC 12748(T), contained a quinone system, composed of MK-9(H(6)) and MK-9(H(8)), typical of Streptomyces. The polar lipid profile of GW41-1564(T) consisted of the predominant compound diphosphatidylglycerol, moderate amounts of phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol and minor to trace amounts of two phosphatidylinositol mannosides and several unknown lipids, and the major fatty acids were iso-C(16 : 0,) anteiso-C(17 : 1)omega9c and anteiso-C(17 : 0). The results of physiological and biochemical tests allowed further phenotypic differentiation of strain GW41-1564(T) from the related species S. hainanensis. Strain GW41-1564(T) clearly merits species status, and we propose the name Streptomyces specialis sp. nov., with the type strain GW41-1564(T) (=DSM 41924(T) =CCM 7499(T)). PMID:18984700

Kämpfer, Peter; Huber, Birgit; Buczolits, Sandra; Thummes, Kathrin; Grün-Wollny, Iris; Busse, Hans-Jürgen

2008-11-01

15

Lactobacillus apinorum sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellifer sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellis sp. nov., Lactobacillus melliventris sp. nov., Lactobacillus kimbladii sp. nov., Lactobacillus helsingborgensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus kullabergensis sp. nov., isolated from the honey stomach of the honeybee Apis mellifera.  

PubMed

We previously discovered a symbiotic lactic acid bacterial (LAB) microbiota in the honey stomach of the honeybee Apis mellifera. The microbiota was composed of several phylotypes of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus. 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses and phenotypic and genetic characteristics revealed that the phylotypes isolated represent seven novel species. One grouped with Lactobacillus kunkeei and the others belong to the Lactobacillus buchneri and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subgroups of Lactobacillus. We propose the names Lactobacillus apinorum sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellifer sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellis sp. nov., Lactobacillus melliventris sp. nov., Lactobacillus kimbladii sp. nov., Lactobacillus helsingborgensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus kullabergensis sp. nov. for these novel species, with the respective type strains being Fhon13N(T) (?=?DSM 26257(T)?=?CCUG 63287(T)), Bin4N(T) (?=?DSM 26254(T)?=?CCUG 63291(T)), Hon2N(T) (?=?DSM 26255(T)?=?CCUG 63289(T)), Hma8N(T) (?=?DSM 26256(T)?=?CCUG 63629(T)), Hma2N(T) (?=?DSM 26263(T)?=?CCUG 63633(T)), Bma5N(T) (?=?DSM 26265(T)?=?CCUG 63301(T)) and Biut2N(T) (?=?DSM 26262(T)?=?CCUG 63631(T)). PMID:24944337

Olofsson, Tobias C; Alsterfjord, Magnus; Nilson, Bo; Butler, Eile; Vásquez, Alejandra

2014-09-01

16

Lactobacillus apinorum sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellifer sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellis sp. nov., Lactobacillus melliventris sp. nov., Lactobacillus kimbladii sp. nov., Lactobacillus helsingborgensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus kullabergensis sp. nov., isolated from the honey stomach of the honeybee Apis mellifera  

PubMed Central

We previously discovered a symbiotic lactic acid bacterial (LAB) microbiota in the honey stomach of the honeybee Apis mellifera. The microbiota was composed of several phylotypes of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus. 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses and phenotypic and genetic characteristics revealed that the phylotypes isolated represent seven novel species. One grouped with Lactobacillus kunkeei and the others belong to the Lactobacillus buchneri and Lactobacillus delbrueckiisubgroups of Lactobacillus. We propose the names Lactobacillus apinorum sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellifer sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellis sp. nov., Lactobacillus melliventris sp. nov., Lactobacillus kimbladii sp. nov., Lactobacillus helsingborgensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus kullabergensis sp. nov. for these novel species, with the respective type strains being Fhon13NT (?=?DSM 26257T?=?CCUG 63287T), Bin4NT (?=?DSM 26254T?=?CCUG 63291T), Hon2NT (?=?DSM 26255T?=?CCUG 63289T), Hma8NT (?=?DSM 26256T?=?CCUG 63629T), Hma2NT (?=?DSM 26263T?=?CCUG 63633T), Bma5NT (?=?DSM 26265T?=?CCUG 63301T) and Biut2NT (?=?DSM 26262T?=?CCUG 63631T). PMID:24944337

Alsterfjord, Magnus; Nilson, Bo; Butler, Èile; Vásquez, Alejandra

2014-01-01

17

Argonne's SpEC Module  

SciTech Connect

Jason Harper, an electrical engineer in Argonne National Laboratory's EV-Smart Grid Interoperability Center, discusses his SpEC Module invention that will enable fast charging of electric vehicles in under 15 minutes. The module has been licensed to BTCPower.

Harper, Jason

2014-05-05

18

Argonne's SpEC Module  

ScienceCinema

Jason Harper, an electrical engineer in Argonne National Laboratory's EV-Smart Grid Interoperability Center, discusses his SpEC Module invention that will enable fast charging of electric vehicles in under 15 minutes. The module has been licensed to BTCPower.

Harper, Jason

2014-06-05

19

The Sp(1)-Kepler Problems  

E-print Network

Let $n\\ge 2$ be a positive integer. To each irreducible representation $\\sigma$ of $\\mathrm{Sp}(1)$, an $\\mathrm{Sp}(1)$-Kepler problem in dimension $(4n-3)$ is constructed and analyzed. This system is super integrable and when $n=2$ it is equivalent to a generalized MICZ-Kepler problem in dimension five. The dynamical symmetry group of this system is $\\widetilde {\\mathrm O}^*(4n)$ with the Hilbert space of bound states ${\\mathscr H}(\\sigma)$ being the unitary highest weight representation of $\\widetilde {\\mathrm {O}^*}(4n)$ with highest weight $$(\\underbrace{-1, ..., -1}_{2n-1}, -(1+\\bar\\sigma)),$$ which occurs at the right-most nontrivial reduction point in the Enright-Howe-Wallach classification diagram for the unitary highest weight modules. Here $\\bar\\sigma$ is the highest weight of $\\sigma$. Furthermore, it is shown that the correspondence $\\sigma\\leftrightarrow \\mathscr H(\\sigma)$ is the theta-correspondence for dual pair $(\\mathrm{Sp}(1), \\mathrm{O}^*(4n))\\subseteq\\mathrm{Sp}_{8n}(\\mathbb R)$.

Guowu Meng

2010-03-05

20

The Sp(1)-Kepler problems  

SciTech Connect

Let n{>=}2 be a positive integer. To each irreducible representation {sigma} of Sp(1), an Sp(1)-Kepler problem in dimension (4n-3) is constructed and analyzed. This system is superintegrable, and when n=2 it is equivalent to a generalized MICZ-Kepler problem in dimension of 5. The dynamical symmetry group of this system is O-tilde*(4n) with the Hilbert space of bound states H({sigma}) being the unitary highest weight representation of O*-tilde(4n) with highest weight, (-1,{center_dot}{center_dot}{center_dot},-1,-(1+{sigma})), which occurs at the rightmost nontrivial reduction point in the Enright-Howe-Wallach classification diagram for the unitary highest weight modules. Here {sigma} is the highest weight of {sigma}. Furthermore, it is shown that the correspondence {sigma}{r_reversible}H({sigma}) is the theta-correspondence for dual pair (Sp(1),O*(4n))subset Sp(8n,R)

Meng Guowu [Department of Mathematics, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon (Hong Kong)

2009-07-15

21

A CHRONOLOGY NASA SP-4009  

E-print Network

the vantage point of the first Apollo Project Office Manager. It is hoped that it will aid the useri - A CHRONOLOGY #12;#12;NASA SP-4009 THE APOLLO SPACECRAFT A CHRONOLOGY VOLUME I Through November The chronology of the development of the Apollo spacecraft and the lunar mission provides specific documented

Rathbun, Julie A.

22

NASA SP-4214 HASGONE BEFORE  

E-print Network

) Supt. of Docs. no.: NAS 1.21:4214 1. Project Apollo (U.S.)--History. I. United States. NationalNASA SP-4214 HERENO MAN HASGONE BEFORE AHistoryofApolloLunarExplorationMissions William David, who would have to provide the money, and was accepted by a majority of Ameri- cans. But Apollo

Rathbun, Julie A.

23

Changes in lipid structure produced by surfactant proteins SP-A, SP-B, and SP-C.  

PubMed

Pulmonary surfactant phospholipids may assume several different structures including tubular myelin, unilamellar and multilamellar vesicles, and others. These populations of materials appear to have similar phospholipid compositions but may differ in their association with surfactant proteins SP-A, SP-B, or SP-C. We have used electron microscopy to determine the changes in structure of simple lipid mixtures (phosphatidylglycerol, dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine) produced by adding one or combinations of the three proteins. Adding SP-A to lipids generated multilamellar structures composed of membranes with fuzzy or particulate surfaces. In contrast, SP-B or SP-C generated discoidal particles and structures that appeared to be sheets of membrane formed by associated particles. Used together, SP-A and SP-B reorganized some of the lipid into tubular myelin, a structure that was not observed in SP-A, SP-C recombinants. These observations confirm the in vitro formation of tubular myelin reported by others and support the possibility that surfactant materials with defined structure can be produced in vitro for analyses of their molecular organizations. PMID:1878252

Williams, M C; Hawgood, S; Hamilton, R L

1991-07-01

24

Cultivation of Monoraphidium sp., Chlorella sp. and Scenedesmus sp. algae in Batch culture using Nile tilapia effluent.  

PubMed

Monoraphidium sp., Chlorella sp. and Scenedesmus sp. algae were cultured in three volumes of Tilapia Effluent Medium (TEM) in comparison with the Bold Basal Medium (BBM) (Nichols and Bold, 1965). Specific growth rate (?'), biomass dry productivity (Q), volumetric productivity (Qv) as well as lipid and protein content were measured. Then, volumetric productivities for both lipids and proteins were calculated (QVL and QVP). In Scenedesmus sp., BBM produced higher ?' and Qv than TEM in 1.5L volume. Chlorella sp. showed a higher QVL for BBM than TEM. Any observed difference in protein or lipid productivities among volumes was in favor of a greater productivity for 1.5L volume. Even when TEM had a larger protein content in Chlorella sp. than BBM, QVP was not different. Current results imply that TEM can be used as an alternative growth medium for algae when using Batch cultures, yet productivity is reduced. PMID:24736090

Guerrero-Cabrera, Luis; Rueda, José A; García-Lozano, Hiram; Navarro, A Karin

2014-06-01

25

Listeria floridensis sp. nov., Listeria aquatica sp. nov., Listeria cornellensis sp. nov., Listeria riparia sp. nov. and Listeria grandensis sp. nov., from agricultural and natural environments.  

PubMed

Sampling of agricultural and natural environments in two US states (Colorado and Florida) yielded 18 Listeria-like isolates that could not be assigned to previously described species using traditional methods. Using whole-genome sequencing and traditional phenotypic methods, we identified five novel species, each with a genome-wide average BLAST nucleotide identity (ANIb) of less than 85% to currently described species. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and amino acid sequences of 31 conserved loci showed the existence of four well-supported clades within the genus Listeria; (i) a clade representing Listeria monocytogenes, L. marthii, L. innocua, L. welshimeri, L. seeligeri and L. ivanovii, which we refer to as Listeria sensu stricto, (ii) a clade consisting of Listeria fleischmannii and two newly described species, Listeria aquatica sp. nov. (type strain FSL S10-1188(T)?=?DSM 26686(T)?=?LMG 28120(T)?=?BEI NR-42633(T)) and Listeria floridensis sp. nov. (type strain FSL S10-1187(T)?=?DSM 26687(T)?=?LMG 28121(T)?=?BEI NR-42632(T)), (iii) a clade consisting of Listeria rocourtiae, L. weihenstephanensis and three novel species, Listeria cornellensis sp. nov. (type strain TTU A1-0210(T)?=?FSL F6-0969(T)?=?DSM 26689(T)?=?LMG 28123(T)?=?BEI NR-42630(T)), Listeria grandensis sp. nov. (type strain TTU A1-0212(T)?=?FSL F6-0971(T)?=?DSM 26688(T)?=?LMG 28122(T)?=?BEI NR-42631(T)) and Listeria riparia sp. nov. (type strain FSL S10-1204(T)?=?DSM 26685(T)?=?LMG 28119(T)?=?BEI NR- 42634(T)) and (iv) a clade containing Listeria grayi. Genomic and phenotypic data suggest that the novel species are non-pathogenic. PMID:24599893

den Bakker, Henk C; Warchocki, Steven; Wright, Emily M; Allred, Adam F; Ahlstrom, Christina; Manuel, Clyde S; Stasiewicz, Matthew J; Burrell, Angela; Roof, Sherry; Strawn, Laura K; Fortes, Esther; Nightingale, Kendra K; Kephart, Daniel; Wiedmann, Martin

2014-06-01

26

Blastocystis sp.: waterborne zoonotic organism, a possibility?  

PubMed Central

Background Blastocystis sp. is a common intestinal parasite found in faecal sample surveys. Several studies have implicated human-to-human, zoonotic and waterborne transmissions by Blastocystis sp. However, there has been no study providing evidence interlinking these three transmissions in a community. We have previously shown a high prevalence of Blastocystis sp. subtype 4 amongst village dwellers in Bahunipati, Nepal, and the present study extends the observation to assess if the same subtype of Blastocystis sp. occurs in animals they rear and rivers they frequent. Methods Faecal samples were collected from 65 animals. Four river water samples were collected from two rivers. Faecal samples were examined using in vitro cultivation. Blastocystis sp. from animal faecal and river samples were genotyped using seven subtype-specific sequence tagged site (STS) primer-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results Blastocystis sp. infected 15.4% animals with subtype 4 being the predominant genotype (40.0%). Both rivers were contaminated with Blastocystis sp. subtype 1 and subtype 4, which were also detected in humans living in the same village in our previous study. Blastocystis sp. subtype 4 that was detected in buffalo and pigs was also found in the respective family members that reared these animals. Conclusions This unusually high prevalence of Blastocystis subtype 4 found in village dwellers was also found to be pervasive in the animals they reared and the rivers they frequented implying a strong possibility of waterborne zoonosis for Blastocystis sp. PMID:22741573

2012-01-01

27

Two New Species of Cryptococcus sp. and Candida sp. from Wild Flowers in Korea  

PubMed Central

Among 80 types of yeast isolated from wild flowers in Daejeon, Korea, two species that have not yet been identified by phylogenetic analysis of the internal transcribed spacer-2 (ITS2) genes and 26S rDNA sequences were identified as Candida sp. 44-C-1 and Cryptococcus sp. 9-D-1. Neither of the newly identified species formed ascospores, while Candida sp. 44-C-1 formed pseudomycelium and Cryptococcus sp. 9-D-1 did not. PMID:23323051

Min, Jin-Hong; Kang, Min-Gu; Ryu, Jin-Ju; Lee, Hyang-Burm; Kim, Chang-Mu; Kim, Ha-Kun

2012-01-01

28

Zinc Finger Independent Genome-Wide Binding of Sp2 Potentiates Recruitment of Histone-Fold Protein Nf-y Distinguishing It from Sp1 and Sp3.  

PubMed

Transcription factors are grouped into families based on sequence similarity within functional domains, particularly DNA-binding domains. The Specificity proteins Sp1, Sp2 and Sp3 are paradigmatic of closely related transcription factors. They share amino-terminal glutamine-rich regions and a conserved carboxy-terminal zinc finger domain that can bind to GC rich motifs in vitro. All three Sp proteins are ubiquitously expressed; yet they carry out unique functions in vivo raising the question of how specificity is achieved. Crucially, it is unknown whether they bind to distinct genomic sites and, if so, how binding site selection is accomplished. In this study, we have examined the genomic binding patterns of Sp1, Sp2 and Sp3 in mouse embryonic fibroblasts by ChIP-seq. Sp1 and Sp3 essentially occupy the same promoters and localize to GC boxes. The genomic binding pattern of Sp2 is different; Sp2 primarily localizes at CCAAT motifs. Consistently, re-expression of Sp2 and Sp3 mutants in corresponding knockout MEFs revealed strikingly different modes of genomic binding site selection. Most significantly, while the zinc fingers dictate genomic binding of Sp3, they are completely dispensable for binding of Sp2. Instead, the glutamine-rich amino-terminal region is sufficient for recruitment of Sp2 to its target promoters in vivo. We have identified the trimeric histone-fold CCAAT box binding transcription factor Nf-y as the major partner for Sp2-chromatin interaction. Nf-y is critical for recruitment of Sp2 to co-occupied regulatory elements. Equally, Sp2 potentiates binding of Nf-y to shared sites indicating the existence of an extensive Sp2-Nf-y interaction network. Our results unveil strikingly different recruitment mechanisms of Sp1/Sp2/Sp3 transcription factor members uncovering an unexpected layer of complexity in their binding to chromatin in vivo. PMID:25793500

Völkel, Sara; Stielow, Bastian; Finkernagel, Florian; Stiewe, Thorsten; Nist, Andrea; Suske, Guntram

2015-02-01

29

Zinc Finger Independent Genome-Wide Binding of Sp2 Potentiates Recruitment of Histone-Fold Protein Nf-y Distinguishing It from Sp1 and Sp3  

PubMed Central

Transcription factors are grouped into families based on sequence similarity within functional domains, particularly DNA-binding domains. The Specificity proteins Sp1, Sp2 and Sp3 are paradigmatic of closely related transcription factors. They share amino-terminal glutamine-rich regions and a conserved carboxy-terminal zinc finger domain that can bind to GC rich motifs in vitro. All three Sp proteins are ubiquitously expressed; yet they carry out unique functions in vivo raising the question of how specificity is achieved. Crucially, it is unknown whether they bind to distinct genomic sites and, if so, how binding site selection is accomplished. In this study, we have examined the genomic binding patterns of Sp1, Sp2 and Sp3 in mouse embryonic fibroblasts by ChIP-seq. Sp1 and Sp3 essentially occupy the same promoters and localize to GC boxes. The genomic binding pattern of Sp2 is different; Sp2 primarily localizes at CCAAT motifs. Consistently, re-expression of Sp2 and Sp3 mutants in corresponding knockout MEFs revealed strikingly different modes of genomic binding site selection. Most significantly, while the zinc fingers dictate genomic binding of Sp3, they are completely dispensable for binding of Sp2. Instead, the glutamine-rich amino-terminal region is sufficient for recruitment of Sp2 to its target promoters in vivo. We have identified the trimeric histone-fold CCAAT box binding transcription factor Nf-y as the major partner for Sp2-chromatin interaction. Nf-y is critical for recruitment of Sp2 to co-occupied regulatory elements. Equally, Sp2 potentiates binding of Nf-y to shared sites indicating the existence of an extensive Sp2-Nf-y interaction network. Our results unveil strikingly different recruitment mechanisms of Sp1/Sp2/Sp3 transcription factor members uncovering an unexpected layer of complexity in their binding to chromatin in vivo. PMID:25793500

Finkernagel, Florian; Stiewe, Thorsten; Nist, Andrea; Suske, Guntram

2015-01-01

30

Canonical Representations sp (2n, R)  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we study a rather unconventional real basis for the real symplectic algebra sp(2n,R). We demonstrate the utility of this basis for practical computations by giving a simple derivation of the second and fourth order indices of irreducible representations of sp(2n,R).

Rangarajan, G.

1991-08-01

31

ORNITHOCHEYLETIA MIRONOVI SP.N. (ACARI: CHEYLETIDAE) — ????? ??? ?????????????? ?????? ? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ????????  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new species of parasitic mites, Ornithochey- ^~^ mironovi sp.n. (Acari: Cheyletidae) is described from bank swallow Riparia riparia (L.) (Passeri- formes: Hirundinidae) from Kirghizia. ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ?????????????? ?????? Ornithocheyletia mironovi sp.n. (Acari: Cheyletidae) ? ????????? ???????? Riparia riparia (L.) (Passer- iformes: Hirundinidae) ?? ????????. Two species of the genus OmithocheyletiaVolgm, 1964 were known from the territory of

A. V. Bochkov

32

_q .. SP-6102 -" IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING  

E-print Network

_¢q .. SP-6102 -" READINGS IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING Edited by Francis T. Hoban and William M. Lawbaugh co ! (NASA-SP-6102) REAOINGS IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING (NASa) 215 p N93-24678 --THRU-- N93-24693 Unclas H1/31 0158570 #12;.J T ,j J #12;READINGS IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING Edited by Francis T. Hoban

Rhoads, James

33

SP100 liquid metal test loop design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SP-100 Power System Qualification (PSO) program validates the technology readiness of the SP-100 Generic Flight System (GFS). As part of the PSQ, the GFS reactor, heat transport and power generation systems are being validated, by test, in high temperature liquid metal test loops. The liquid metal test loop program consists of two test loops. The first, a natural circulation

T. Ted Fallas; Gordon B. Kruger; Frank R. Wiltshire; Grant C. Jensen; Harold Clay; Hugh A. Upton; Robert E. Gamble; Christian Kjaer-Olsen; Keith Lee

1992-01-01

34

Sp1/Sp3 transcription factors regulate hallmarks of megakaryocyte maturation and platelet formation and function.  

PubMed

Sp1 and Sp3 belong to the specificity proteins (Sp)/Krüppel-like transcription factor family. They are closely related, ubiquitously expressed, and recognize G-rich DNA motifs. They are thought to regulate generic processes such as cell-cycle and growth control, metabolic pathways, and apoptosis. Ablation of Sp1 or Sp3 in mice is lethal, and combined haploinsufficiency results in hematopoietic defects during the fetal stages. Here, we show that in adult mice, conditional pan-hematopoietic (Mx1-Cre) ablation of either Sp1 or Sp3 has minimal impact on hematopoiesis, whereas the simultaneous loss of Sp1 and Sp3 results in severe macrothrombocytopenia. This occurs in a cell-autonomous manner as shown by megakaryocyte-specific (Pf4-Cre) double-knockout mice. We employed flow cytometry, cell culture, and electron microscopy and show that although megakaryocyte numbers are normal in bone marrow and spleen, they display a less compact demarcation membrane system and a striking inability to form proplatelets. Through megakaryocyte transcriptomics and platelet proteomics, we identified several cytoskeleton-related proteins and downstream effector kinases, including Mylk, that were downregulated upon Sp1/Sp3 depletion, providing an explanation for the observed defects in megakaryopoiesis. Supporting this notion, selective Mylk inhibition by ML7 affected proplatelet formation and stabilization and resulted in defective ITAM receptor-mediated platelet aggregation. PMID:25538045

Meinders, Marjolein; Kulu, Divine I; van de Werken, Harmen J G; Hoogenboezem, Mark; Janssen, Hans; Brouwer, Rutger W W; van Ijcken, Wilfred F J; Rijkers, Erik-Jan; Demmers, Jeroen A A; Krüger, Imme; van den Berg, Timo K; Suske, Guntram; Gutiérrez, Laura; Philipsen, Sjaak

2015-03-19

35

Predictive Value of Sp1/Sp3/FLIP Signature for Prostate Cancer Recurrence  

PubMed Central

Prediction of prostate cancer prognosis is challenging and predictive biomarkers of recurrence remain elusive. Although prostate specific antigen (PSA) has high sensitivity (90%) at a PSA level of 4.0 ng/mL, its low specificity leads to many false positive results and considerable overtreatment of patients and its performance at lower ranges is poor. Given the histopathological and molecular heterogeneity of prostate cancer, we propose that a panel of markers will be a better tool than a single marker. We tested a panel of markers composed of the anti-apoptotic protein FLIP and its transcriptional regulators Sp1 and Sp3 using prostate tissues from 64 patients with recurrent and non-recurrent cancer who underwent radical prostatectomy as primary treatment for prostate cancer and were followed with PSA measurements for at least 5 years. Immunohistochemical staining for Sp1, Sp3, and FLIP was performed on these tissues and scored based on the proportion and intensity of staining. The predictive value of the FLIP/Sp1/Sp3 signature for clinical outcome (recurrence vs. non-recurrence) was explored with logistic regression, and combinations of FLIP/Sp1/Sp3 and Gleason score were analyzed with a stepwise (backward and forward) logistic model. The discrimination of the markers was identified by sensitivity-specificity analysis and the diagnostic value of FLIP/Sp1/Sp3 was determined using area under the curve (AUC) for receiver operator characteristic curves. The AUCs for FLIP, Sp1, Sp3, and Gleason score for predicting PSA failure and non-failure were 0.71, 0.66, 0.68, and 0.76, respectively. However, this increased to 0.93 when combined. Thus, the “biomarker signature” of FLIP/Sp1/Sp3 combined with Gleason score predicted disease recurrence and stratified patients who are likely to benefit from more aggressive treatment. PMID:23028678

Bedolla, Roble G.; Gong, Jingjing; Prihoda, Thomas J.; Yeh, I-Tien; Thompson, Ian M.; Ghosh, Rita; Kumar, Addanki P.

2012-01-01

36

Differences in nutrient uptake capacity of the benthic filamentous algae Cladophora sp., Klebsormidium sp. and Pseudanabaena sp. under varying N/P conditions.  

PubMed

The N/P ratio of wastewater can vary greatly and directly affect algal growth and nutrient removal process. Three benthic filamentous algae species Cladophora sp., Klebsormidium sp. and Pseudanabaena sp. were isolated from a periphyton bioreactor and cultured under laboratory conditions on varying N/P ratios to determine their ability to remove nitrate and phosphorus. The N/P ratio significantly influenced the algal growth and phosphorus uptake process. Appropriate N/P ratios for nitrogen and phosphorus removal were 5-15, 7-10 and 7-20 for Cladophora sp., Klebsormidium sp. and Pseudanabaena sp., respectively. Within these respective ranges, Cladophora sp. had the highest biomass production, while Pseudanabaena sp. had the highest nitrogen and phosphorus contents. This study indicated that Cladophora sp. had a high capacity of removing phosphorus from wastewaters of low N/P ratio, and Pseudanabaena sp. was highly suitable for removing nitrogen from wastewaters with high N/P ratio. PMID:25544498

Liu, Junzhuo; Vyverman, Wim

2015-03-01

37

Blastobotrys americana sp. nov., Blastobotrys illinoisensis sp. nov., Blastobotrys malaysiensis sp. nov., Blastobotrys muscicola sp. nov., Blastobotrys peoriensis sp. nov. and Blastobotrys raffinosifermentans sp. nov., novel anamorphic yeast species.  

PubMed

The genus Blastobotrys, which now includes species previously assigned to the synonymous genera Arxula and Sympodiomyces, represents the anamorph of the ascosporogenous genus Trichomonascus. Six novel species are proposed for assignment to Blastobotrys. They were detected from their unique nucleotide sequences in large-subunit rDNA, ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 rDNA, mitochondrial small-subunit rDNA and the cytochrome oxidase II gene. The proposed novel species are Blastobotrys americana sp. nov. (type strain NRRL Y-6844(T)=CBS 10337(T); substrate unknown; Kansas, USA), Blastobotrys illinoisensis sp. nov. (type strain NRRL YB-1343(T)=CBS 10339(T); from forest debris; Illinois, USA), Blastobotrys malaysiensis sp. nov. (type strain NRRL Y-6417(T)=CBS 10336(T); from soil; Malaysia), Blastobotrys muscicola sp. nov. (type strain NRRL Y-7993(T)=CBS 10338(T); from moss; Louisiana, USA), Blastobotrys peoriensis sp. nov. (type strain NRRL YB-2290(T)=CBS 10340(T); from a fungus; Peoria, IL, USA) and Blastobotrys raffinosifermentans sp. nov. (type strain NRRL Y-27150(T)=CBS 6800(T); substrate unknown). PMID:17473275

Kurtzman, Cletus P

2007-05-01

38

Materials Science and Engineering Catalog 2014 Fall English 101 or 118 (3) FA, SP, SU Chem 120 or 128 (4) FA, SP, SU Math 141 or 147 (4) FA, SP, SU EF 151 or 157 (4) FA, SP EF 105 (1) FA, SP  

E-print Network

Social Science Prereq- EF 152 or 158 Spring MSE 290 (1) SP Math 200 (1) FA, SP Math 231 (3) FA, SP, SUMaterials Science and Engineering Catalog 2014 Fall English 101 or 118 (3) FA, SP, SU Chem 120 or 128 (4) FA, SP, SU Math 141 or 147 (4) FA, SP, SU EF 151 or 157 (4) FA, SP EF 105 (1) FA, SP 16 hours

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

39

A single round PCR method for genotyping human surfactant protein (SP)-A1, SP-A2 and SP-D gene alleles.  

PubMed

The genes coding for the human surfactant proteins (SP)-A and SP-D are located on chromosome 10q22-q23.1. SP-D is the product of a single gene whereas SP-A is the product of two highly homologous genes SP-A1 and SP-A2. Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) are present in the SP-A1, SP-A2 and SP-D genes. Because of this high degree of sequence homology between the SP-A1 and SP-A2 genes, current genetic analysis studies employ a nested PCR/radioactive hybridization or restriction fragment length polymorphism approach to initially isolate the genes and subsequently to detect the SNP in these isolates. In this manuscript, we report the primers and conditions of a sequence specific primer-PCR methodology that enables the identification of SP-A1, SP-A2 and SP-D gene allelic variants directly on genomic DNA material. PMID:12753670

Pantelidis, P; Lagan, A L; Davies, J C; Welsh, K I; du Bois, R M

2003-04-01

40

REVIEWS OF TOPICAL PROBLEMS: Magnetic effects induced by sp impurities and defects in nonmagnetic sp materials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is a review of the state-of-the-art research concerning the first-principle simulation, synthesis, properties, and application prospects of a new class of magnetic materials obtained by doping nonmagnetic sp compounds (oxides, chalcogenides, and borides of nontransition sp elements) or nanostructures (carbon, BN, AIN, and MgO nanotubes) with nonmagnetic sp impurities or nanostructures involving structural vacancies or topological defects.

Ivanovskii, A. L.

2007-10-01

41

Launch vehicle integration requirements for SP-100  

SciTech Connect

SP-100 is the designation for a nuclear reactor-based power plant being developed for both civil and military missions beginning in the 1990s for such potential space applications as communication satellites, space radar, electric propulsion and space stations. Typically, a system using the SP-100 along with a selected upper stage system would be launched by the National Space Transportation System (NSTS) Space Shuttle System into a near-earth orbit, deployed, and through upper stage propulsion burn(s) be inserted/transferred to its mission orbit. The nature of the advanced design SP-100 gives rise to a set of issues that require special attention to assure that payloads using this power plant are physically and functionally compatible with the NSTS and meet the safety requirements thereof. The purpose of this document is to define and present the requirements and interface provisions that, when satisfied, will ensure technical compability between SP-100 systems and the NSTS.

Shaw, L.T. Jr.; Womack, J.R.

1984-01-31

42

Launch vehicle integration requirements for SP-100  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

SP-100 is the designation for a nuclear reactor-based power plant being developed for both civil and military missions beginning in the 1990s for such potential space applications as communication satellites, space radar, electric propulsion and space stations. Typically, a system using the SP-100 along with a selected upper stage system would be launched by the National Space Transportation System (NSTS) Space Shuttle System into a near-earth orbit, deployed, and through upper stage propulsion burn(s) be inserted/transferred to its mission orbit. The nature of the advanced design SP-100 gives rise to a set of issues that require special attention to assure that payloads using this power plant are physically and functionally compatible with the NSTS and meet the safety requirements thereof. The purpose of this document is to define and present the requirements and interface provisions that, when satisfied, will ensure technical compatibility between SP-100 systems and the NSTS.

Shaw, L. T., Jr.; Womack, J. R.

1984-01-01

43

S&P 100 Index Option Volatility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using transaction data on the S&P 100 index options, the authors study the effect of valuation simplifications that are commonplace in previous research on the time-series properties of implied market volatility. Using an American-style algorithm that accounts for the discrete nature of the dividends on the S&P 100 index, they find that spurious negative serial correlation in implied volatility changes

Campbell R Harvey; Robert E Whaley

1991-01-01

44

Transformation of Diamond (sp 3 ) to Graphite (sp 2 ) bonds by ionimpact.  

E-print Network

Solid State Institute Technion, Haifa, Israel December 4, 1997 The formation of point defects in diamond the energetics involved in the formation of vacancies and interstitials in diamond, and the relaxationTransformation of Diamond (sp 3 ) to Graphite (sp 2 ) bonds by ion­impact. David Saada \\Lambda

Adler, Joan

45

Loss of Symbiodinium from bleached soft corals Sarcophyton ehrenbergi, Sinularia sp. and Xenia sp  

Microsoft Academic Search

The deleterious effects of temperature-induced coral bleaching, a process by which corals lose their endosymbiotic algae (zooxanthellae; genus Symbiodinium) primarily at temperatures above mean yearly maximums, has not been well described for alcyonacean soft corals (Coelenterata, Octocorallia). The study of Symbiodinium cells lost from Sarcophyton ehrenbergi, Sinularia sp., and Xenia sp., which have not been compared in bleaching studies, indicate

Kevin B. Strychar; Mike Coates; Paul W. Sammarco; Terrence J. Piva; Paul T. Scott

2005-01-01

46

Leptochlorella corticola gen. et sp. nov. and Kalinella apyrenoidosa sp. nov.: two novel  

E-print Network

Leptochlorella corticola gen. et sp. nov. and Kalinella apyrenoidosa sp. nov.: two novel Chlorella algal genus, Chlorella, which accommodated coccoid unicellular green algal species with globular to oval. These algae share the general Chlorella-like morphology and their 18S rRNA and rbcL gene sequences place them

47

O glycosylation of an Sp1-derived peptide blocks known Sp1 protein interactions.  

PubMed Central

The O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification of proteins is dynamic and abundant in the nucleus and cytosol. Several transcription factors, including Sp1, have been shown to contain this modification; however, the functional role of O-GlcNAc in these proteins has not been determined. In this paper we describe the use of the previously characterized glutamine-rich transactivation domain of Sp1 (B-c) as a model to investigate the role of O-GlcNAc in Sp1's transcriptionally relevant protein-to-protein interactions with the TATA-binding-protein-associated factor (TAF110) and holo-Sp1. When the model Sp1 peptide was overexpressed in primate cells, this 97-amino-acid domain of Sp1 was found to contain a dominant O-GlcNAc residue at high stoichiometry, which allowed the mapping and mutagenesis of this glycosylation site. In vitro interaction studies between this segment of Sp1 and Drosophila TAF110 or holo-Sp1 indicate that the O-GlcNAc modification functions to inhibit the largely hydrophobic interactions between these proteins. In HeLa cells, the mutation at the mapped glycosylation site was permissive for transcriptional activation. We propose the hypothesis that the removal of O-GlcNAc from an interaction domain can be a signal for protein association. O-GlcNAc may thereby prevent untimely and ectopic interactions. PMID:9343410

Roos, M D; Su, K; Baker, J R; Kudlow, J E

1997-01-01

48

Secondary Production and Its Trophic Basis of Two Mayflies (Leptophlebia sp. and Ephemera sp.) in Heizhuchong Stream, Hubei, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a second-order montane stream of the Hanjiang River basin, Leptophlebia sp.and Ephemera sp. appeared to develop two generations per year, and there was little overlap with the two generations in either species. Leptophlebia sp. pupated in autumn and winter, while Ephemera sp. did so in summer and winter. Annual production of Leptophlebia sp., estimated by the size-frequency method, was

Yunjun Yan; Xiaoyu Li

2006-01-01

49

Sp8 regulates inner ear development.  

PubMed

A forward genetic screen of N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea mutagenized Xenopus tropicalis has identified an inner ear mutant named eclipse (ecl). Mutants developed enlarged otic vesicles and various defects of otoconia development; they also showed abnormal circular and inverted swimming patterns. Positional cloning identified specificity protein 8 (sp8), which was previously found to regulate limb and brain development. Two different loss-of-function approaches using transcription activator-like effector nucleases and morpholino oligonucleotides confirmed that the ecl mutant phenotype is caused by down-regulation of sp8. Depletion of sp8 resulted in otic dysmorphogenesis, such as uncompartmentalized and enlarged otic vesicles, epithelial dilation with abnormal sensory end organs. When overexpressed, sp8 was sufficient to induce ectopic otic vesicles possessing sensory hair cells, neurofilament innervation in a thickened sensory epithelium, and otoconia, all of which are found in the endogenous otic vesicle. We propose that sp8 is an important factor for initiation and elaboration of inner ear development. PMID:24722637

Chung, Hyeyoung A; Medina-Ruiz, Sofia; Harland, Richard M

2014-04-29

50

Sp8 regulates inner ear development  

PubMed Central

A forward genetic screen of N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea mutagenized Xenopus tropicalis has identified an inner ear mutant named eclipse (ecl). Mutants developed enlarged otic vesicles and various defects of otoconia development; they also showed abnormal circular and inverted swimming patterns. Positional cloning identified specificity protein 8 (sp8), which was previously found to regulate limb and brain development. Two different loss-of-function approaches using transcription activator-like effector nucleases and morpholino oligonucleotides confirmed that the ecl mutant phenotype is caused by down-regulation of sp8. Depletion of sp8 resulted in otic dysmorphogenesis, such as uncompartmentalized and enlarged otic vesicles, epithelial dilation with abnormal sensory end organs. When overexpressed, sp8 was sufficient to induce ectopic otic vesicles possessing sensory hair cells, neurofilament innervation in a thickened sensory epithelium, and otoconia, all of which are found in the endogenous otic vesicle. We propose that sp8 is an important factor for initiation and elaboration of inner ear development. PMID:24722637

Chung, Hyeyoung A.; Medina-Ruiz, Sofia; Harland, Richard M.

2014-01-01

51

SP-100 flight qualification testing assessment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The SP-100 is a compact space power system driven by a nuclear reactor that provides 100 kWe to the user at 200 VDC. The thermal energy generated by the nuclear reactor is converted into electrical energy by passive thermoelectric devices. Various options for tailoring the MIL-STD-1540B guidelines to the SP-100 nuclear power system are discussed. This study aids in selecting the appropriate qualification test program based on the cost, schedule, and test effectiveness of the various options.

Jeanmougin, Nanette M.; Moore, Roger M.; Wait, David L.; Jacox, Michael G.

1988-01-01

52

Detection of Plasmodium sp. in capybara  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study, we have microscopically and molecularly surveyed blood samples from 11 captive capybaras (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris) from the Sanctuary Zoo for Plasmodium sp. infection. One animal presented positive on blood smear by light microscopy. Polymerase chain reaction was carried out accordingly using a nested genus-specific protocol, which uses oligonucleotides from conserved sequences flanking a variable sequence region in

Leonilda Correia dos Santos; Sandra Mara Rotter Curotto; Wanderlei de Moraes; Zalmir Silvino Cubas; Maria de Jesus Costa-Nascimento; Ivan Roque de Barros Filho; Alexander Welker Biondo; Karin Kirchgatter

2009-01-01

53

Uranium accumulation by Pseudomonas sp. EPS5028  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pseudomonas sp. EPS-5028 was examined for the ability to accumulate uranium from solutions. The uptake of uranium by this microorganism is very rapid and is affected by pH but not by temperature, metabolic inhibitors, culture time and the presence of various cations and anions. The amount of uranium absorbed by the cells increased as the uranium concentration of the solution

Ana M. Marqués; Xavier Roca; M. Dolores Simon-Pujol; M. Carmen Fuste; Francisco Congregado

1991-01-01

54

Nitrogen fixation in Asaia sp. (family Acetobacteraceae).  

PubMed

The genus Asaia (family Acetobacteraceae) was first introduced with a single species-Asaia bogorensis and later six more species were described namely A. siamensis, A. krungthepensis, A. lannaensis, A. platycodi, A. prunellae, and A. astilbes. Acetobacteraceae family has been divided into ten genera but, only three of them include nitrogen fixing species: Gluconacetobacter, Acetobacter, and Swaminathania. This article originated from our study primarily aimed to isolate new endosymbiotic nitrogen fixer among Acetobacteraceae during which we have isolated, for the first time in India, four different strains of Asaia sp. from three different sources: Michalia champaca flower, Anopheles mosquito, and ant Tetraponera rufonigra. All the endosymbiotic strains isolated possess the ability to fix nitrogen. Evidence for both nitrogenase activity and the presence of nifH gene in isolated Asaia sp. is presented. Asaia bogorensis (MTCC 4041(T)) and A. siamensis (MTCC 4042(T)), two of the validated type strains available from the repository, were tested positive for the presence of functional nitrogenase. The nifH gene sequences from these type strains were also confirmed and compared with other nitrogen fixing members of the family Acetobacteraceae. Our result corroborate with the previous reports that Asaia sp. are indeed widely distributed in nature but this is the first time demonstration of their functional nitrogenase activity. This study shows Asaia sp. as fourth genera of nitrogen fixing bacteria in the family Acetobacteraceae. PMID:21681635

Samaddar, Neeloy; Paul, Arundhati; Chakravorty, Somnath; Chakraborty, Writachit; Mukherjee, Joydeep; Chowdhuri, Debarati; Gachhui, Ratan

2011-08-01

55

Lagenidium sp. ocular infection mimicking ocular pythiosis.  

PubMed

This is a report of a Lagenidium sp. in a Thai patient who was diagnosed with severe keratitis that was unresponsive to antibacterial and antifungal drugs. Examination of a corneal biopsy specimen confirmed the presence of aseptate hyphae. The internal transcribed spacer DNA sequence of the strain isolated showed 97% identity with Lagenidium giganteum and other Lagenidium species. PMID:23740721

Reinprayoon, Usanee; Permpalung, Nitipong; Kasetsuwan, Ngamjit; Plongla, Rongpong; Mendoza, Leonel; Chindamporn, Ariya

2013-08-01

56

Lagenidium sp. Ocular Infection Mimicking Ocular Pythiosis  

PubMed Central

This is a report of a Lagenidium sp. in a Thai patient who was diagnosed with severe keratitis that was unresponsive to antibacterial and antifungal drugs. Examination of a corneal biopsy specimen confirmed the presence of aseptate hyphae. The internal transcribed spacer DNA sequence of the strain isolated showed 97% identity with Lagenidium giganteum and other Lagenidium species. PMID:23740721

Reinprayoon, Usanee; Permpalung, Nitipong; Plongla, Rongpong; Mendoza, Leonel; Chindamporn, Ariya

2013-01-01

57

New anamorphic yeast species: Candida infanticola sp. nov., Candida polysorbophila sp. nov., Candida transvaalensis sp. nov., and Trigonopsis californica sp. nov.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Three new species of Candida and a new species of Trigonopsis are described based on their recognition from phylogenetic analysis of gene sequences from large subunit ribosomal RNA, ITS1/ITS2 rRNA, mitochondrial small subunit rRNA and cytochrome oxidase II. Candida infanticola sp. nov. (type strain...

58

Hepatozoon sp. in wild carnivores in Texas.  

PubMed

Twelve coyotes (Canis latrans), three bobcats (Lynx rufus) and six ocelots (Felis pardalis) from the Gulf Coast of Texas were infected with Hepatozoon sp. The geographic distribution of infected wild animals coincides with the highest prevalence of Hepatozoon canis infection in domestic dogs for which the wild species may act as a reservoir. PMID:3411720

Mercer, S H; Jones, L P; Rappole, J H; Twedt, D; Lack, L L; Craig, T M

1988-07-01

59

Process Engineering Thermodynamics 424304 E (4 sp)  

E-print Network

reaction is used to regenerate the CaO by Ca(OH)2 CaO + H2O. Thermodynamic data for the species involvedProcess Engineering Thermodynamics 424304 E (4 sp) Exam 20-3-2013 All support material is allowed output of the generator 25% is needed for the two pumps at the upper and lower levels (the energy input

Zevenhoven, Ron

60

Scaling study for SP-100 reactor technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several ways were explored of extending SP-100 reactor technology to higher power levels. One approach was to use the reference SP-100 pin design and increase the fuel pin length and the number of fuel pins as needed to provide higher capability. The impact on scaling of a modified and advanced SP-100 reactor technology was also explored. Finally, the effect of using alternative power conversion subsystems, with SP-100 reactor technology was investigated. One of the principal concerns for any space based system is mass; consequently, this study focused on estimating reactor, shield, and total system mass. The RSMASS code (Marshall 1986) was used to estimate reactor and shield mass. Simple algorithms developed at NASA-Lewis were used to estimate the balance of system mass. Power ranges from 100 kWe to 10 MWe were explored assuming both one year and seven years of operation. Thermoelectric, Stirling, Rankine, and Brayton power conversion systems were investigated. The impact on safety, reliability, and other system attributes, caused by extending the technology to higher power levels, was also investigated.

Marshall, A. C.; McKissock, B.

61

Gametogony of Sarcocystis sp. in Cell Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual stages and cystlike bodies of Sarcocystis sp., a protozoan parasite found in muscles of reptiles, birds, and mammals, including man, developed in cell culture. Motile organisms, obtained from leg muscles of wild grackles, were inoculated into cell line cultures of embryonic bovine kidney. Mature micro- and macrogametes and the cystlike forms were found 30 and 42 hours after inoculation,

Ronald Fayer

1972-01-01

62

MAGNET CELL SAFETY PROCEDURE SP-16 Revision 02  

E-print Network

MAGNET CELL SAFETY PROCEDURE SP-16 Page i Revision 02 July 19, 2006 NATIONAL HIGH MAGNETIC: MAGNET CELL SAFETY PROCEDURE ______________________________________________________ HEAD of MAGNET ______________________________________________________ HEAD of FACILITIES John Kynoch #12;MAGNET CELL SAFETY PROCEDURE SP-16 Pageii Revision 02 July 19

Weston, Ken

63

SP@CE -An SP-based Programming Model for Consumer Electronics Streaming Applications  

E-print Network

of their resources on processing complex multimedia, including video and sound playing, real-time animations, real applications. This work is supported by the Dutch government's STW/PROGRESS project DES.6397. #12;The SP

Kuzmanov, Georgi

64

Remote sensing data of SP mountain and SP lava flow in north-central Arizona  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Multifrequency airborne radar image data of SP Mountain and SP flow in north-central Arizona were obtained in diverse viewing directions and direct and cross-polarization and compared with surface and aerial photography, Landsat multispectral scanner data, airborne thermal infrared imagery, surface geology, and surface roughness statistics. The extremely blocky, basaltic andesite of SP flow is brighter on direct-polarization K-band images than on cross-polarized images taken simultaneously. This effect is explained by multiple scattering and the strong wavelength dependence of polarization effects caused by the rectilinear basaltic andesite scatters. Two distinct types of surface relief on SP flow, one extremely blocky, the other subdued, are clearly discriminated on the visible and thermal wavelength images but are separable only on the longer wavelength L-band radar image data.

Schaber, G. G.; Elachi, C.; Farr, T. G.

1980-01-01

65

Genes encoding ferredoxins from Anabaena sp. PCC 7937 and Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942: structure and regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The gene encoding ferredoxin I (petF1) from the filamentous cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC 7937 (Anabaena variabilis ATCC 29413) was cloned by low stringency hybridization with the ferredoxin cDNA from the higher plant Silene pratensis. The petF1 gene from the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942 (Anacystis nidulans R2) was cloned by low stringency hybridization with the petF1 gene from Anabaena

JAN VAN DER PLAS; ROLF DE GROOT; Martin Woortman; Fons Cremers; Mies Borrias; GERARD VAN ARKEL; Peter Weisbeek

1988-01-01

66

Colonization and growth promotion characteristics of Enterobacter sp. and Herbaspirillum sp. on Brassica oleracea  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the effects of inoculating a dicot plant, Brassica oleracea, with nitrogen-fixing endophytic bacteria isolated from monocots. The bacteria used were Enterobacter sp. strain 35 isolated from sugarcane and Herbaspirillum sp. strain B501 isolated from wild rice. Under glasshouse conditions, B. oleracea inoculated with strain 35 had a significantly greater fresh weight than uninoculated plants, and the fresh weight of

Muhammad Zakria; Asuka Ohsako; Yuichi Saeki; Akihiro Yamamoto; Shoichiro Akao

2008-01-01

67

76 FR 22694 - SP 49 Pipeline LLC; Notice of Filing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket No. AC11-56-000] SP 49 Pipeline LLC; Notice of Filing Take notice that on April 12, 2011, SP 49 Pipeline LLC (``SP 49'') submitted a request for waiver of the requirement to file...

2011-04-22

68

Major Surface Glycoprotein Genes from Pneumocystis carinii f. sp. ratti  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pneumocystis carinii occurs in a variety of mammals, each of which harbors one or more genetically distinct “special forms” of the microbe. Laboratory rats can be infected by two special forms, P. carinii f. sp. ratti and P. carinii f. sp. carinii. P. carinii f. sp. carinii has a variable antigen, the major surface glycoprotein (MSG), the expression of which

Joshua K Schaffzin; Thomas R Garbe; James R Stringer

1999-01-01

69

Identification of Helicobacter sp. in gastric mucosa from captive marmosets (Callithrix sp.; callitrichidae, primates).  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to identify the presence of Helicobacter sp. in the gastric mucosa of captive marmosets (Callithrix sp.). Histologic specimens from the fundic, corpus, and antral gastric regions of six Callithrix jacchus, 12 C. kuhli, and 12 C. geoffroyi specimens were evaluated. The sections were stained with hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) and the Warthin-Starry silver impregnation method, and immunostained with rabbit anti-H. pylori polyclonal antibody. Helicobacter-like organisms (HLOs) and coccoid forms were present in silver-stained sections from 29 stomachs, whereas immunohistochemistry (IHC) tests revealed bacterial aggregates in 15 stomachs. No statistical difference relative to the presence of Helicobacter sp. was found among the gastric regions or marmoset species. Gastric lesions were found in the groups of marmosets that had positive and negative IHC results, but no correlation between inflammation and Helicobacter sp. infection was established. These findings demonstrate that marmosets are susceptible to naturally-occurring Helicobacter sp. infection, and open the way to the development of comparative studies on Helicobacter sp. infection in humans. PMID:15940705

de Mello, Marcela Freire Vallim; Monteiro, Ana Beatriz Soares; Fonseca, Eliene Carvalho; Pissinatti, Alcides; Ferreira, Ana Maria Reis

2005-06-01

70

Mimicking SP-C palmitoylation on a peptoid-based SP-B analogue markedly improves surface activity  

E-print Network

-animal-derived surfactant replacement therapy for respiratory distress. Although peptide-based SP-C mimics exhibit similar replacement therapy; IRDS, infant respiratory distress syndrome; ARDS, acute respiratory distress syndrome; SP

Barron, Annelise E.

71

Endophytic colonization ability of two deep-water rice endophytes, Pantoea sp. and Ochrobactrum sp. using green fluorescent protein reporter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Colonization ability of the two endophytic bacteria, isolated from surface sterilized seeds of Jaisurya variety of deep-water rice viz., Pantoea sp. and Ochrobactrum sp., was compared after genetically tagging them with a constitutively expressing green fluorescent protein gene (gfp). Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) of hydroponically grown seedlings of Jaisurya rice, inoculated with gfp-tagged endophytes, revealed that both Pantoea sp.

Subhash C. Verma; Anamika Singh; Soumitra Paul Chowdhury; Anil K. Tripathi

2004-01-01

72

Interaction of Sp1 zinc finger with transport factor in the nuclear localization of transcription factor Sp1  

SciTech Connect

Research highlights: {yields} Sp1 zinc fingers themselves interact with importin {alpha}. {yields} Sp1 zinc finger domains play an essential role as a nuclear localization signal. {yields} Sp1 can be transported into the nucleus in an importin-dependent manner. -- Abstract: Transcription factor Sp1 is localized in the nucleus and regulates the expression of many cellular genes, but the nuclear transport mechanism of Sp1 is not well understood. In this study, we revealed that GST-fused Sp1 protein bound to endogenous importin {alpha} in HeLa cells via the Sp1 zinc finger domains, which comprise the DNA binding domain of Sp1. It was found that the Sp1 zinc finger domains directly interacted with a wide range of importin {alpha} including the armadillo (arm) repeat domain and the C-terminal acidic domain. Furthermore, it turned out that all three zinc fingers of Sp1 are essential for binding to importin {alpha}. Taken together, these results suggest that the Sp1 zinc finger domains play an essential role as a NLS and Sp1 can be transported into the nucleus in an importin-dependent manner even though it possesses no classical NLSs.

Ito, Tatsuo [Department of Medicinal Biotechnology, Institute for Medicinal Research, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokushima, 1-78 Sho-machi, Tokushima 770-8505 (Japan)] [Department of Medicinal Biotechnology, Institute for Medicinal Research, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokushima, 1-78 Sho-machi, Tokushima 770-8505 (Japan); Kitamura, Haruka; Uwatoko, Chisana; Azumano, Makiko [Department of Molecular Biophysical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Doshisha Women's University, Kodo, Kyotanabe City, Kyoto 610-0395 (Japan)] [Department of Molecular Biophysical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Doshisha Women's University, Kodo, Kyotanabe City, Kyoto 610-0395 (Japan); Itoh, Kohji, E-mail: kitoh@ph.tokushima-u.ac.jp [Department of Medicinal Biotechnology, Institute for Medicinal Research, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokushima, 1-78 Sho-machi, Tokushima 770-8505 (Japan)] [Department of Medicinal Biotechnology, Institute for Medicinal Research, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokushima, 1-78 Sho-machi, Tokushima 770-8505 (Japan); Kuwahara, Jun, E-mail: jkuwahar@dwc.doshisha.ac.jp [Department of Molecular Biophysical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Doshisha Women's University, Kodo, Kyotanabe City, Kyoto 610-0395 (Japan)] [Department of Molecular Biophysical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Doshisha Women's University, Kodo, Kyotanabe City, Kyoto 610-0395 (Japan)

2010-12-10

73

Effects of Lung Surfactant Proteins, SP-B and SP-C, and Palmitic Acid on Monolayer Stability  

E-print Network

Effects of Lung Surfactant Proteins, SP-B and SP-C, and Palmitic Acid on Monolayer Stability Junqi and fluorescence and atomic force microscopy images of synthetic model lung surfactants were used to determine-C on the morphology and function of surfactant monolayers. Lung surfactant-specific protein SP-C and peptides based

Zasadzinski, Joseph A.

74

Brevundimonas halotolerans sp. nov., Brevundimonas poindexterae sp. nov. and Brevundimonas staleyi sp. nov., prosthecate bacteria from aquatic habitats.  

PubMed

Eight strains of Gram-negative, bacteroid-shaped, prosthecate bacteria, isolated from brackish water (MCS24T, MCS17 and MCS35), the marine environment (CM260, CM272 and CM282) and activated sludge (FWC40T and FWC43T), were characterized using a polyphasic approach. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences determined that all strains were affiliated to the alphaproteobacterial genus Brevundimonas, forming three distinct phyletic lineages within the genus. The strains grew best with 5-30 g NaCl l(-1) at 20-30 degrees C. DNA G+C contents for strains MCS24T, FWC40T and FWC43T were between 65 and 67 mol%, in accordance with values reported previously for other species of the genus. Moreover, chemotaxonomic data and physiological and biochemical tests allowed the phenotypic differentiation of three novel species within the genus Brevundimonas, for which the names Brevundimonas halotolerans sp. nov. (type strain MCS24T =LMG 25346T =CCUG 58273T), Brevundimonas poindexterae sp. nov. (type strain FWC40T =LMG 25261T =CCUG 57883T) and Brevundimonas staleyi sp. nov. (type strain FWC43T =LMG 25262T =CCUG 57884T) are proposed. PMID:19767362

Abraham, Wolf-Rainer; Estrela, Andréia B; Nikitin, Dennis I; Smit, John; Vancanneyt, Marc

2010-08-01

75

Sp6 and Sp8 Transcription Factors Control AER Formation and Dorsal-Ventral Patterning in Limb Development  

PubMed Central

The formation and maintenance of the apical ectodermal ridge (AER) is critical for the outgrowth and patterning of the vertebrate limb. The induction of the AER is a complex process that relies on integrated interactions among the Fgf, Wnt, and Bmp signaling pathways that operate within the ectoderm and between the ectoderm and the mesoderm of the early limb bud. The transcription factors Sp6 and Sp8 are expressed in the limb ectoderm and AER during limb development. Sp6 mutant mice display a mild syndactyly phenotype while Sp8 mutants exhibit severe limb truncations. Both mutants show defects in AER maturation and in dorsal-ventral patterning. To gain further insights into the role Sp6 and Sp8 play in limb development, we have produced mice lacking both Sp6 and Sp8 activity in the limb ectoderm. Remarkably, the elimination or significant reduction in Sp6;Sp8 gene dosage leads to tetra-amelia; initial budding occurs, but neither Fgf8 nor En1 are activated. Mutants bearing a single functional allele of Sp8 (Sp6?/?;Sp8+/?) exhibit a split-hand/foot malformation phenotype with double dorsal digit tips probably due to an irregular and immature AER that is not maintained in the center of the bud and on the abnormal expansion of Wnt7a expression to the ventral ectoderm. Our data are compatible with Sp6 and Sp8 working together and in a dose-dependent manner as indispensable mediators of Wnt/?catenin and Bmp signaling in the limb ectoderm. We suggest that the function of these factors links proximal-distal and dorsal-ventral patterning. PMID:25166858

Haro, Endika; Delgado, Irene; Junco, Marisa; Yamada, Yoshihiko; Mansouri, Ahmed; Oberg, Kerby C.; Ros, Marian A.

2014-01-01

76

Sp6 and Sp8 transcription factors control AER formation and dorsal-ventral patterning in limb development.  

PubMed

The formation and maintenance of the apical ectodermal ridge (AER) is critical for the outgrowth and patterning of the vertebrate limb. The induction of the AER is a complex process that relies on integrated interactions among the Fgf, Wnt, and Bmp signaling pathways that operate within the ectoderm and between the ectoderm and the mesoderm of the early limb bud. The transcription factors Sp6 and Sp8 are expressed in the limb ectoderm and AER during limb development. Sp6 mutant mice display a mild syndactyly phenotype while Sp8 mutants exhibit severe limb truncations. Both mutants show defects in AER maturation and in dorsal-ventral patterning. To gain further insights into the role Sp6 and Sp8 play in limb development, we have produced mice lacking both Sp6 and Sp8 activity in the limb ectoderm. Remarkably, the elimination or significant reduction in Sp6;Sp8 gene dosage leads to tetra-amelia; initial budding occurs, but neither Fgf8 nor En1 are activated. Mutants bearing a single functional allele of Sp8 (Sp6-/-;Sp8+/-) exhibit a split-hand/foot malformation phenotype with double dorsal digit tips probably due to an irregular and immature AER that is not maintained in the center of the bud and on the abnormal expansion of Wnt7a expression to the ventral ectoderm. Our data are compatible with Sp6 and Sp8 working together and in a dose-dependent manner as indispensable mediators of Wnt/?catenin and Bmp signaling in the limb ectoderm. We suggest that the function of these factors links proximal-distal and dorsal-ventral patterning. PMID:25166858

Haro, Endika; Delgado, Irene; Junco, Marisa; Yamada, Yoshihiko; Mansouri, Ahmed; Oberg, Kerby C; Ros, Marian A

2014-08-01

77

SP-100 design, safety, and testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The SP-100 Program is developing a nuclear reactor power system that can enhance and/or enable future civilian and military space missions. The program is directed to develop space reactor technology to provide electrical power in the range of tens to hundreds of kilowatts. The major nuclear assembly test is to be conducted at the Hanford Site near Richland, Washington, and is designed to validate the performance of the 2.4-MWt nuclear and heat transport assembly.

Cox, Carl. M.; Mahaffey, Michael M.; Smith, Gary L.

1991-01-01

78

Chlamydomonas sajao nov. sp. (Chlorophyta, Volvocales)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new species of Chlamydomonas, namely, C. sajao nov. sp. of the Volvocales, Chlorophyta was isolated from a duckweed growing near a ricefield in the vicinity of Guangzhou, China. This interesting unicellular green alga, similar to C. mexicana from Mexico, secretes quantities of extracellular mucilaginous polysaccharides, and may be employed in improving soil quality. The new species resembles C. waldenburgensis Moewus in most characteristics but differs in three important features.

Lewin, Ralph A.

1984-06-01

79

Differential effects of human SP-A1 and SP-A2 variants on phospholipid monolayers containing surfactant protein B.  

PubMed

Surfactant protein A (SP-A), the most abundant protein in the lung alveolar surface, has multiple activities, including surfactant-related functions. SP-A is required for the formation of tubular myelin and the lung surface film. The human SP-A locus consists of two functional SP-A genes, SP-A1 and SP-A2, with a number of alleles characterized for each gene. We have found that the human in vitro expressed variants, SP-A1 (6A(2)) and SP-A2 (1A(0)), and the coexpressed SP-A1/SP-A2 (6A(2)/1A(0)) protein have a differential influence on the organization of phospholipid monolayers containing surfactant protein B (SP-B). Lipid films containing SP-B and SP-A2 (1A(0)) showed surface features similar to those observed in lipid films with SP-B and native human SP-A. Fluorescence images revealed the presence of characteristic fluorescent probe-excluding clusters coexisting with the traditional lipid liquid-expanded and liquid-condensed phase. Images of the films containing SP-B and SP-A1 (6A(2)) showed different distribution of the proteins. The morphology of lipid films containing SP-B and the coexpressed SP-A1/SP-A2 (6A(2)/1A(0)) combined features of the individual films containing the SP-A1 or SP-A2 variant. The results indicate that human SP-A1 and SP-A2 variants exhibit differential effects on characteristics of phospholipid monolayers containing SP-B. This may differentially impact surface film activity. PMID:17678872

Wang, Guirong; Taneva, Svetla; Keough, Kevin M W; Floros, Joanna

2007-09-01

80

Actinokineospora baliensis sp. nov., Actinokineospora cibodasensis sp. nov. and Actinokineospora cianjurensis sp. nov., isolated from soil and plant litter.  

PubMed

Six actinomycete strains isolated from soil and plant-litter samples in Indonesia were studied for their taxonomic position by using a polyphasic approach. Phylogenetically, all the strains were located in the broad cluster of the genus Actinokineospora. Chemotaxonomic data [cell-wall diamino acid, meso-diaminopimelic acid; cell-wall peptidoglycan, type III (A1?); major sugars, galactose and arabinose; major menaquinone, MK-9(H?); major fatty acid, iso-C??:?; major phospholipid, phosphatidylethanolamine] supported the affiliation of all six strains to the genus Actinokineospora. The results of DNA-DNA hybridization with DNA from type strains of Actinokineospora species with validly published names revealed three DNA-DNA relatedness groups. Group I (ID03-0561(T)) showed low relatedness to the other strains studied. The three strains in group II (ID03-0784(T), ID03-0808 and ID03-0809) formed a group with high relatedness (98-100?%) and showed low relatedness to the other strains studied. The two strains in group III (ID03-0810(T) and ID03-0813) showed 58-68?% relatedness to Actinokineospora terrae NBRC 15668(T) and showed low relatedness (2-24?%) to the other strains studied. The description of three novel species is proposed: Actinokineospora baliensis sp. nov., for the single strain in group I (type strain ID03-0561(T) =BTCC B-554(T) =NBRC 104211(T)), Actinokineospora cibodasensis sp. nov., for the strains in group II (type strain ID03-0784(T) =BTCC B-555(T) =NBRC 104212(T)), and Actinokineospora cianjurensis sp. nov., for the strains in group III (type strain ID03-0810(T) =BTCC B-558(T) =NBRC 105526(T)). PMID:19933586

Lisdiyanti, Puspita; Otoguro, Misa; Ratnakomala, Shanti; Lestari, Yulin; Hastuti, Ratih D; Triana, Evi; Katsuhiko, Ando; Widyastuti, Yantyati

2010-10-01

81

Copper resistance of different ectomycorrhizal fungi such as Pisolithus microcarpus, Pisolithus sp., Scleroderma sp. and Suillus sp.  

PubMed Central

Environments contaminated with heavy metals negatively impact the living organisms. Ectomycorrhizal fungi have shown important role in these impacted sites. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the copper-resistance of ectomycorrhizal fungi isolates Pisolithus microcarpus - UFSC-Pt116; Pisolithus sp. - UFSC-PT24, Suillus sp. - UFSM RA 2.8 and Scleroderma sp. - UFSC-Sc124 to different copper doses in solid and liquid media. The copper doses tested were: 0.00, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1.0 and 1.25 mmol L?1 in the solid medium and 0.00, 0.32, 0.64 and 0.96 mmol L?1 in the liquid medium. Copper was amended as copper sulphate in order to supplement the culture medium MNM at pH 4.8, with seven replicates to each fungus-dose combination. The fungal isolates were incubated for 30 days at 28 °C. UFSC-Pt116 showed high copper-resistance such as accessed by CL50 determinations (concentration to reduce 50% of the growth) as while as UFSC-PT24 displayed copper-resistance mechanism at 0.50 mmol L?1 in solid medium. The UFSC-PT24 and UFSC-Sc124 isolates have increased copper-resistance in liquid medium. The higher production of extracellular pigment was detected in UFSC-Pt116 cultures. The UFSC-Pt116 and UFSC-PT24 isolates showed higher resistance for copper and produced higher mycelium biomass than the other isolates. In this way, the isolates UFSG-Pt116 and UFSC-PT24 can be important candidates to survive in copper-contaminated areas, and can show important role in plants symbiosis in these contaminated sites. PMID:24294261

Silva, R.F.; Lupatini, M.; Trindade, L.; Antoniolli, Z.I.; Steffen, R.B.; Andreazza, R

2013-01-01

82

Five new members of the Streptomyces violaceusniger 16S rRNA gene clade: Streptomyces castelarensis sp. nov., comb. nov., Streptomyces himastatinicus sp. nov., Streptomyces mordarskii sp. nov., Streptomyces rapamycinicus sp. nov. and Streptomyces ruanii sp. nov.  

PubMed

The taxonomic status of six strains received as Streptomyces hygroscopicus was established using a polyphasic approach. The organisms had phenotypic and morphological properties consistent with their classification in the genus Streptomyces. Almost complete 16S rRNA gene sequences of the strains were determined and aligned with corresponding sequences of representatives of the genus Streptomyces and phylogenetic trees were inferred using four tree-making algorithms. All of the strains fell within the Streptomyces violaceusniger 16S rRNA gene clade and four of them were considered to merit species status using a combination of genotypic and phenotypic data. These organisms were designated Streptomyces himastatinicus sp. nov. (type strain ATCC 53653(T)=DSM 41914(T)), Streptomyces mordarskii sp. nov. (type strain NRRL B-1346(T)=DSM 40771(T)), Streptomyces rapamycinicus sp. nov. (type strain NRRL 5491(T)=ATCC 29253(T)) and Streptomyces ruanii sp. nov. (type strain ISP 5276(T)=DSM 40276(T)). DNA-DNA relatedness and phenotypic data showed that the two remaining strains, 'Streptomyces hygroscopicus subsp. enhygrus' NRRL 3664 and Streptomyces hygroscopicus subsp. hygroscopicus NRRL 3111 belong to the same species as the type strain of Streptomyces rutgersensis subsp. castelarensis. This taxon is designated Streptomyces castelarensis sp. nov., comb. nov. (type strain ATCC 15191(T)=DSM 40830(T)) following the proposal that Streptomyces rutgersensis subsp. rutgersensis is a heterotypic synonym of Streptomyces albidoflavus. PMID:18523180

Kumar, Yashawant; Goodfellow, Michael

2008-06-01

83

Bioaccumulation of Total and Methyl Mercury in Three Earthworm Species ( Drawida sp., Allolobophora sp., and Limnodrilus sp.)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We determined total and methyl mercury contents in soil, three earthworm species and their vomitus to study the species-specific\\u000a differences of mercury bioconcentration in Huludao City, a heavily polluted region by chlor-alkali and nonferrous metal smelting\\u000a industry in Liaoning Province, northeast China. Total and methyl mercury contents were 7.20 mg\\/kg and 6.94 ng\\/g in soil, 1.43 mg\\/kg\\u000a and 43.03 ng\\/g in Drawida sp., 2.80 mg\\/kg

Zhong Sheng Zhang; Dong Mei Zheng; Qi Chao Wang; Xian Guo Lv

2009-01-01

84

Streptococcus hyovaginalis sp. nov. and Streptococcus thoraltensis sp. nov., from the genital tract of sows.  

PubMed

Two groups of strains isolated from sows were shown to belong to new sublines in the genus Streptococcus. Based on phenotypic and phylogenetic analyses, we propose that these bacteria should be classified as two new species, Streptococcus hyovaginalis sp. nov. and Streptococcus thoraltensis sp. nov. These two species are found in the genital tract, but the capnophilic species S. thoraltensis may also occur in the intestinal tract of pigs. The type strain of S. hyovaginalis is SHV515 (= LMG 14710), and S69 (= LMG 13593) is the type strain of S. thoraltensis. PMID:9336908

Devriese, L A; Pot, B; Vandamme, P; Kersters, K; Collins, M D; Alvarez, N; Haesebrouck, F; Hommez, J

1997-10-01

85

Biosystems Engineering Catalog 2013 Fall Math 141 or 147 (4) FA,SP, SU EF 151 or 157 (4) FA, SP EF 105 (1) FA, SP English 101 or 118 (3) FA, SP, SU Chem 120 or 128 (4) FA, SP, SU  

E-print Network

Biosystems Engineering Catalog 2013 Fall Math 141 or 147 (4) FA,SP, SU EF 151 or 157 (4) FA, SP EF 105 (1) FA, SP English 101 or 118 (3) FA, SP, SU Chem 120 or 128 (4) FA, SP, SU 16 hours Prereq- Math 130 or Math ACT Coreq- Math 141 or 147 and Coreq- EF 151 or 157 Math 130 28 or Math SAT 630 EF 105

Tennessee, University of

86

Nuclear Engineering Catalog 2014 Fall Math 141 or 147 (4) FA, SP, SU English 101 or 118 (3) FA, SP, SU Chem 120 or 128 (4) FA, SP, SU EF 151 or 157 (4) FA, SP EF 105 (1) FA, SP  

E-print Network

Nuclear Engineering Catalog 2014 Fall Math 141 or 147 (4) FA, SP, SU English 101 or 118 (3) FA, SP, SU Chem 120 or 128 (4) FA, SP, SU EF 151 or 157 (4) FA, SP EF 105 (1) FA, SP 16 hours Prereq- Math 130 or math ACT 28 Math 130 Coreq- Math 141 or 147 and Coreq- EF 151 or 157 or Math SAT 630 EF 105

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

87

Aerospace Engineering Catalog 2014 Fall Math 141 or 147 (4) FA, SP, SU EF 151 or 157 (4) FA, SP EF 105 (1) FA, SP English 101 or 118 (3) FA, SP, SU Chem 120 or 128 (4) FA, SP, SU  

E-print Network

Aerospace Engineering Catalog 2014 Fall Math 141 or 147 (4) FA, SP, SU EF 151 or 157 (4) FA, SP EF 105 (1) FA, SP English 101 or 118 (3) FA, SP, SU Chem 120 or 128 (4) FA, SP, SU 16 hours Prereq- Math 130 or Math ACT 28 Coreq- Math 141 or 147 and Coreq- EF 151 or 157 Math 130 or Math SAT 630 EF 105

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

88

?-Caprolactam Utilization by Proteus sp. and Bordetella sp. Isolated From Solid Waste Dumpsites in Lagos State, Nigeria, First Report.  

PubMed

The ?-caprolactam is the monomer of the synthetic non-degradable nylon-6 and often found as nonreactive component of nylon-6 manufacturing waste effluent. Environmental consequences of its toxicity to natural habitats and humans pose a global public concern. Soil samples were collected from three designated solid waste dumpsites, namely, Abule-Egba, Olusosun and Isheri-Igando in Lagos State, Nigeria. Sixteen bacteria isolated from these samples were found to utilize the ?-caprolactam as a sole source of carbon and nitrogen at concentration of ?20 g l(-1). The isolates were characterized using their 16S rRNA gene sequence and showed similarity with Pseudomonas sp., Proteus sp., Providencia sp., Corynebacterium sp., Lysinibacillus sp., Leucobacter sp., Alcaligenes sp. and Bordetella sp. Their optimal growth conditions were found to be at temperature range of 30 to 35 °C and pH range of 7.0-7.5. High Performance liquid chromatography analysis of the ?-caprolactam from supernatant of growth medium revealed that these isolates have potential to remove 31.6-95.7 % of ?-caprolactam. To the best of our knowledge, this study is first to report the ability of Proteus sp. and Bordetella sp. for ?-caprolactam utilization. PMID:24426112

Sanuth, Hassan Adeyemi; Yadav, Amit; Fagade, Obasola Ezekiel; Shouche, Yogesh

2013-06-01

89

SP-100 control drive assembly development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The SP-100 is an electrical generating nuclear power system for space operation. This paper describes the nuclear reactor control systems and the methods used to assure reliable performance for the 10-year design life. Reliable performance is achieved by redundancy and by selecting highly reliable components and design features. Reliability is quantified by analysis using established reliability data. Areas lacking reliability data are identified for development testing. A specific development test description is provided as an example to demonstrate how this process is meeting the system reliability goals.

Gleason, Thomas; Gilchrist, A. Richard; Schuster, Gary

1993-01-01

90

SP-100, a project manager's view  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Born to meet the special needs of America's space effort, the SP-100 Program testifies to the cooperation among government agencies. The Department of Energy (DOE), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) are working together to produce a 100-kW power system for use in outer space. At this point in the effort, it is appropriate to review: The approach to meet program goals; the status of activities of the Project Office, managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL); and, because this is a meeting on materials, answers beings developed by the Project Office to vital questions on refractory alloy technology.

Truscello, Vincent C.

1983-01-01

91

Granulicella paludicola gen. nov., sp. nov., Granulicella pectinivorans sp. nov., Granulicella aggregans sp. nov. and Granulicella rosea sp. nov., acidophilic, polymer-degrading acidobacteria from Sphagnum peat bogs.  

PubMed

Five strains of strictly aerobic, heterotrophic bacteria that form pink-red colonies and are capable of hydrolysing pectin, xylan, laminarin, lichenan and starch were isolated from acidic Sphagnum peat bogs and were designated OB1010(T), LCBR1, TPB6011(T), TPB6028(T) and TPO1014(T). Cells of these isolates were Gram-negative, non-motile rods that produced an amorphous extracellular polysaccharide-like substance. Old cultures contained spherical bodies of varying sizes, which represent starvation forms. Cells of all five strains were acidophilic and psychrotolerant, capable of growth at pH 3.0-7.5 (optimum pH 3.8-4.5) and at 2-33°C (optimum 15-22°C). The major fatty acids were iso-C(15?:?0), C(16?:?0) and summed feature 3 (C(16?:?1)?7c and/or iso-C(15?:?0) 2-OH). The major menaquinone detected was MK-8. The pigments were carotenoids. The genomic DNA G+C contents were 57.3-59.3 mol%. The five isolates were found to be members of subdivision 1 of the phylum Acidobacteria and displayed 95.3-98.9?% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to each other. The closest described relatives to strains OB1010(T), LCBR1, TPB6011(T), TPB6028(T), and TPO1014(T) were members of the genera Terriglobus (94.6-95.8?% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) and Edaphobacter (94.2-95.4?%). Based on differences in cell morphology, phenotypic characteristics and hydrolytic capabilities, we propose a novel genus, Granulicella gen. nov., containing four novel species, Granulicella paludicola sp. nov. with type strain OB1010(T) (=DSM 22464(T) =LMG 25275(T)) and strain LCBR1, Granulicella pectinivorans sp. nov. with type strain TPB6011(T) (=VKM B-2509(T) =DSM 21001(T)), Granulicella rosea sp. nov. with type strain TPO1014(T) (=DSM 18704(T) =ATCC BAA-1396(T)) and Granulicella aggregans sp. nov. with type strain TPB6028(T) (=LMG 25274(T) =VKM B-2571(T)). PMID:20118293

Pankratov, Timofey A; Dedysh, Svetlana N

2010-12-01

92

Murine fertilized ovum, blastomere and morula cells lacking SP phenotype  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the field of stem cell research, SP (side population) phenotype is used to define the property that cells maintain a high\\u000a efflux capability for some fluorescent dye, such as Hoechst 33342. Recently, many researches proposed that SP phenotype is\\u000a a phenotype shared by some stem cells and some progenitor cells, and that SP phenotype is regarded as a candidate

YiXin Xu; ZhiYing He; HaiYing Zhu; XueSong Chen; JianXiu Li; HongXia Zhang; XingHua Pan; YiPing Hu

2007-01-01

93

Calcium Carbonate Formation by Synechococcus sp. Strain PCC 8806 and Synechococcus sp. Strain PCC 8807  

SciTech Connect

Precipitation of CaCO3 catalyzed by the growth and physiology of cyanobacteria in the Genus Synechococcus represents a potential mechanism for sequestration of CO2 produced during the burning of coal for power generation. Microcosm experiments were performed in which Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 8806 and Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 8807 were tested for their ability to calcify when exposed to a fixed calcium concentration of 3.4 mM and bicarbonate concentrations of 0.5, 1.25 and 2.5 mM. Disappearance of soluble calcium was used as an indicator of CaCO3 formation; results from metabolically active microcosms were compared to controls with no cells or no carbonate added. Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 8806 removed calcium continuously over the duration of the experiment with approximately 18.6 mg of calcium in the solid phase. Calcium removal occurred over a two-day time period when Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 8807 was tested and only 8.9 mg of calcium was removed in the solid phase. The ability of the cyanobacteria to create an alkaline growth environment appeared to be the primary factor responsible for CaCO3 precipitation in these experiments. Removal of inorganic carbon by fixation into biomass was insignificant compared to the mass of inorganic carbon removed by incorporation into the growing CaCO3 solid.

Lee, Brady D.; William A. Apel; Michelle R. Walton

2006-12-01

94

Clinical problems of sloths (Bradypus sp. and Choloepus sp.) in captivity.  

PubMed

A 20-yr retrospective study of disease prevalence was carried out for 51 sloths (34 Bradypus sp. and 17 Choloepus sp.) at the São Paulo Zoo. A total of 81 clinical disorders were detected, including nutritional (45.7%), digestive (12.3%), and respiratory (12.3%) problems and injuries (6.1%). A definitive diagnosis was not possible in 8.6% of the cases. The incidence of disease varied according to seasonal climate (winter, 32.5%; spring, 24%; summer, 22.9%; autumn, 20.5%), time in captivity (96.4% of diseases occurred within the first 6 mo and 3.6% occurred thereafter), and type of enclosure (quarantine cage, 96.4%; exhibition enclosure, 3.6%). Both young animals (86.7%) and adults (3.2%) were affected. Parasites were identified by fecal examination in 45.4% of animals with clinical illness (Ascaris sp., 80%; Coccidia sp., 20%). Bacteria such as Salmonella enteritidis, Escherichia coli, and Citrobacter freundii were isolated from feces and/or organs. The first 6 mo in captivity are critical for these animals. Proper management and early identification of medical conditions in captivity have implications for sloth population in the wild. PMID:10367647

Diniz, L S; Oliveira, P M

1999-03-01

95

Longidorus grandis n. sp. and L. paralongicaudatus n. sp. (Nematoda: Longidoridae), Two Parthenogenetic Species from Arkansas  

PubMed Central

Two new parthenogenetic species of Longidorus were found in Arkansas. Longidorus grandis n. sp. is characterized by its body (5.80-8.24 mm), slightly offset head, head width 20-27 µm, odontostyle 86-100 µm, guide ring 26-35 µm posterior to the anterior end, short conoid to mammiliform tail. Longidorus grandis n. sp. is similar to L. vineacola Sturhan &Weischer, 1964; L. lusitanicus Macara, 1985; L. edmundsi Hunt &Siddiqi, 1977; L. kuiperi Brinkman, Loof &Barbez, 1987; L. balticus Brzeski, Peneva &Brown, 2000; L. closelongatus Stoyanov, 1964; and L. seinhorsti Peneva, Loof &Brown, 1998. Longidorus paralongicaudatus n. sp. is characterized by its body length (2.60-5.00 µm), anteriorly flattened and offset head region 13-18 µm wide, odontostyle length 92-127 µm, guide ring 21-30 µm posterior to the anterior end, tail elongate-conical, and c' = 1.2-2.6. Longidorus paralongicaudatus n. sp. most closely resembles L. longicaudatus Siddiqi, 1962; L. socialis Singh &Khan, 1996; L. juvenilis Dalmasso, 1969; and L. curvatus Khan, 1986. PMID:19262768

Ye, Weimin; Robbins, R. T.

2003-01-01

96

Tubulideres seminoli gen. et sp. nov. and Zelinkaderes brightae sp. nov. (Kinorhyncha, Cyclorhagida) from Florida  

Microsoft Academic Search

One new kinorhynch genus and species and one new species from the genus Zelinkaderes are described from sandy sediment off Fort Pierce, Florida. The new genus and species, Tubulideres seminoli gen. et sp. nov. is characterized by the presence of the first trunk segment consisting of a closed ring, the second segment\\u000a of a bent tergal plate with a midventral

Martin V. Sørensen; Iben Heiner; Ole Ziemer; Birger Neuhaus

2007-01-01

97

Tetrapisispora taiwanensis sp. nov. and Tetrapisispora pingtungensis sp. nov., two ascosporogenous yeast species isolated from soil.  

PubMed

Two novel yeast species, Tetrapisispora taiwanensis sp. nov. and Tetrapisispora pingtungensis sp. nov., belonging to the Saccharomycetaceae within the Saccharomycetales, are proposed to accommodate six strains isolated from samples of Taiwanese forest soil between 2005 and 2010. Sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and the D1/D2 domains of the large-subunit (LSU) rRNA gene revealed that the two species are phylogenetically closely related to species of the genus Tetrapisispora. Moreover, the assimilation spectrum of carbon and nitrogen sources and morphological characteristics are very similar to those of other Tetrapisispora species. The molecular, morphological and physiological characteristics described above indicate that these two species should be classified as members of the genus Tetrapisispora. The two species can be differentiated from each other and from other Tetrapisispora species based on their LSU D1/D2 rRNA gene and ITS sequences. Thus, the two species could be regarded as novel species of the genus Tetrapisispora, and the names Tetrapisispora taiwanensis sp. nov. (type strain SJ6S04(T) =CBS 10586(T) =NBRC 102652(T) =BCRC 23090(T)) and Tetrapisispora pingtungensis sp. nov. (type strain NC2S06(T) =CBS 12780(T) =BCRC 23409(T)) are proposed. The type strains of the two species were isolated from forest soil in Leinhuatsu Park, Nantou, in 2006 and from Hungchun, Pingtung, in 2009, respectively. PMID:23625253

Chen, Shan-Fu; Lo, Shih Feng; Chang, Chin-Feng; Lee, Ching-Fu

2013-06-01

98

Environmental interactions and the SP-100 power system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Interactions of the SP-100 power system with its expected ambient environments are defined. SP-100 payloads will float 100 V negative of the low Earth orbit (LEO) plasma. Choice of proper geometries and materials will prevent arcing at conductor-insulator junctions in LEO. Care in selecting surface coatings will prevent dielectric breakdown. Sputtering is a concern for long-duration LEO missions. Atomic oxygen durability of SP-100 materials will be tested in ground and flight tests. Evaluation of SP-100 in lunar and planetary environments has begun. The report of a recent workshop on Chemical and Electrical Interactions on Mars identified many of the primary interactions.

Ferguson, Dale C.

1993-01-01

99

Pharmacologic Doses of Ascorbic Acid Repress Specificity Protein (Sp) Transcription Factors and Sp-Regulated Genes in Colon Cancer Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) inhibits cancer cell growth, and there is a controversy regarding the cancer chemoprotective effects of pharmacologic doses of this compound that exhibits prooxidant activity. We hypothesized that the anticancer activity of pharmacologic doses of ascorbic acid (<5 mM) is due, in part, to reactive oxygen species-dependent downregulation of specificity protein (Sp) transcription factors Sp1, Sp3, and

Satya S. Pathi; Ping Lei; Sandeep Sreevalsan; Gayathri Chadalapaka; Indira Jutooru; Stephen Safe

2011-01-01

100

Studies on Endophytic Colonization Ability of Two Upland Rice Endophytes, Rhizobium sp. and Burkholderia sp., Using Green Fluorescent Protein Reporter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Colonization ability of the two endophytic bacteria, isolated from surface sterilized roots of upland cultivated rice viz.,\\u000a Rhizobium sp. and Burkholderia sp., was compared after genetically tagging them with a constitutively expressing green fluorescent protein gene (gfp\\/gusA). Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) of gnotobiotically grown seedlings of Narendradhan 97, inoculated with gfp\\/gusA-tagged endophytes, revealed that both Rhizobium sp. and Burkholderia

Manoj Kumar Singh; Chanda Kushwaha; Ramesh Kumar Singh

2009-01-01

101

Arsenite Oxidase from Ralstonia sp. 22  

PubMed Central

We characterized the aro arsenite oxidation system in the novel strain Ralstonia sp. 22, a ?-proteobacterium isolated from soil samples of the Salsigne mine in southern France. The inducible aro system consists of a heterodimeric membrane-associated enzyme reacting with a dedicated soluble cytochrome c554. Our biochemical results suggest that the weak association of the enzyme to the membrane probably arises from a still unknown interaction partner. Analysis of the phylogeny of the aro gene cluster revealed that it results from a lateral gene transfer from a species closely related to Achromobacter sp. SY8. This constitutes the first clear cut case of such a transfer in the Aro phylogeny. The biochemical study of the enzyme demonstrates that it can accommodate in vitro various cytochromes, two of which, c552 and c554, are from the parent species. Cytochrome c552 belongs to the sox and not the aro system. Kinetic studies furthermore established that sulfite and sulfide, substrates of the sox system, are both inhibitors of Aro activity. These results reinforce the idea that sulfur and arsenic metabolism are linked. PMID:20421652

Lieutaud, Aurélie; van Lis, Robert; Duval, Simon; Capowiez, Line; Muller, Daniel; Lebrun, Régine; Lignon, Sabrina; Fardeau, Marie-Laure; Lett, Marie-Claire; Nitschke, Wolfgang; Schoepp-Cothenet, Barbara

2010-01-01

102

The ANL/IBM SP scheduling system  

SciTech Connect

Approximately five years ago scientists discovered that modern UNLX workstations connected with ethernet and fiber networks could provide enough computational performance to compete with the supercomputers. As this concept became increasingly popular, the need for distributed queuing and scheduler systems became apparent. Systems such as DQS from Florida State University were developed and worked very well. Today however, supercomputers such as Argonne National Laboratory`s IBM SP system can provide more CPU and networking speed than can be obtained from these networks of workstations. Nevertheless, because modern super computers look like clusters of workstations developers felt that the scheduling systems previously used on clusters of workstations should still apply. After trying to apply some of these scheduling systems to Argonne`s SP environment it became obvious that these two computer environments have very different scheduling needs. Recognizing this need, and realizing that no one has addressed it, we at Argonne developed a new scheduling system. The approach taken in creating this system was unique in that user input and interaction were encouraged throughout the development process. Thus a scheduler was built that actually works the way the users want it to.

Lifka, D.

1995-02-01

103

The Effect of Acupuncture to SP6 on Skin Temperature Changes of SP6 and SP10: An Observation of “Deqi”  

PubMed Central

Background. Deqi sensation is a complex but an important component for acupuncture effect. In this study, we tried to observe the relationship between Deqi and skin temperature changes and whether there was some relativity between Deqi and needle stimulations on cold congealing and dysmenorrhea rat model. Thirty-two female Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups (Saline Control Group, Model Group, Group A with strong stimulation, and Group B with small stimulation). Group A and Group B were performed with different stimulations. We found that, compared with saline control group, model group, and Group B, Group A showed that the skin temperature changes on right acupoint SP6 and SP10 increased significantly at 5?min–10?min interval. The skin temperature changes on left SP6 decreased at instant–5?min interval. The skin temperature changes on right SP10 decreased significantly at instant–5?min interval and 10?min–20?min interval. Thermogenic action along Spleen Meridian of Foot Greater Yin was manifested as simultaneous skin temperature increase on right SP6 and SP10 at 5?min–10?min interval after needling SP6, which was helpful to illustrate the relationship between the characteristic of Deqi and needle stimulations. PMID:24665334

Yang, Jia-Min; Shen, Xiao-Yu; Shen, Song-Xi; Qi, Dan-Dan; Luo, Li; Ren, Xiao-Xuan; Ji, Bo; Zhang, Lu-Fen; Li, Xiao-Hong; Zhu, Jiang

2014-01-01

104

Lactobacillus mudanjiangensis sp. nov., Lactobacillus songhuajiangensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus nenjiangensis sp. nov., isolated from Chinese traditional pickle and sourdough.  

PubMed

Three Gram-stain-positive bacterial strains, 11050(T), 7-19(T) and 11102(T), were isolated from traditional pickle and sourdough in Heilongjiang Province, China. These bacteria were characterized by a polyphasic approach, including 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, pheS gene sequence analysis, rpoA gene sequence analysis, dnaK gene sequence analysis, fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) analysis, determination of DNA G+C content, DNA-DNA hybridization and an analysis of phenotypic features. Strain 11050(T) belonged to the Lactobacillus plantarum species group and shared 98.0-98.4?% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities and 84.7-88.9?% dnaK gene sequence similarities with type strains of Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum, Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. argentoratensis, Lactobacillus pentosus, Lactobacillus paraplantarum, Lactobacillus fabifermentans and Lactobacillus xiangfangensis and had 75.9-80.7?% pheS gene sequence similarities and 90.7-92.5?% rpoA gene sequence similarities with Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum LMG 6907(T), Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. argentoratensis LMG 9205, Lactobacillus pentosus LMG 10755(T), Lactobacillus paraplantarum LMG 16673(T), Lactobacillus fabifermentans LMG 24284(T) and Lactobacillus xiangfangensis 3.1.1(T), respectively. Strain 7-19(T) was phylogenetically related to Lactobacillus thailandensis, Lactobacillus pantheris and Lactobacillus sharpeae, having 94.1-96.7?% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, 71.5-82.3?% pheS gene sequence similarities and 71.2-83.4?% rpoA gene sequence similarities with type strains of Lactobacillus thailandensis, Lactobacillus pantheris and Lactobacillus sharpeae, respectively. Strain 11102(T) was phylogenetically related to Lactobacillus oligofermentans, Lactobacillus suebicus, Lactobacillus vaccinostercus and Lactobacillus hokkaidonensis. Strain 11102(T) had 99.2?% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, 81.3?% pheS gene sequence similarity and 96.1?% rpoA gene sequence similarity with Lactobacillus oligofermentans LMG 22743(T), respectively. Strain 11102(T) shared 96.0-96.8?% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, 73.3-81.0?% pheS gene sequence similarities and 74.6-76.9?% rpoA gene sequence similarities with type strains of Lactobacillus suebicus, Lactobacillus vaccinostercus and Lactobacillus hokkaidonensis, respectively. Based upon the data from polyphasic characterization obtained in the present study, three novel species, Lactobacillus mudanjiangensis sp. nov., Lactobacillus songhuajiangensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus nenjiangensis sp. nov., are proposed and the type strains are 11050(T) (?=?LMG 27194(T)?=?CCUG 62991(T)), 7-19(T) (?=?LMG 27191(T)?=?NCIMB 14832(T)?=?CCUG 62990(T)) and 11102(T) (?=?LMG 27192(T)?=?NCIMB 14833(T)), respectively. PMID:23950151

Gu, Chun Tao; Li, Chun Yan; Yang, Li Jie; Huo, Gui Cheng

2013-12-01

105

Reclassification of salt-water Bdellovibrio sp. as Bacteriovorax marinus sp. nov. and Bacteriovorax litoralis sp. nov.  

PubMed

Bdellovibrios are unique, predatory bacteria with an intraperiplasmic growth and multiplication phase within their prey, which consists of many Gram-negative bacteria. Until recently, all bacteria that exhibited these traits were included in the genus Bdellovibrio. However, analysis of 16S rDNA sequences and other studies have demonstrated substantial genotypic, phenotypic and ecotypic diversity among the organisms in this genus (Baer et al., 2000; Snyder et al., 2002). This has resulted in reclassification of Bdellovibrio stolpii and Bdellovibrio starrii into the newly constructed genus Bacteriovorax (Baer et al., 2000). In this study, examination of marine isolates of Bdellovibrio (designated SJT, AQ and JS5T) has revealed them to be related more closely to the newly designated genus Bacteriovorax. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that marine isolates SJT, AQ and JS5T clustered in a separate clade from Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus 100T as part of the clade that contains Bacteriovorax spp., indicating a much closer taxonomic relationship to the latter. DNA-DNA hybridization experiments also demonstrated <5 % similarity between Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus 100T and the marine isolates. Distinct differences between the salt-water group and Bdellovibrio spp. were also observed by determination of DNA G+C content, salinity growth testing and antibiotic sensitivity analysis. On the basis of the results from the studies described above, it is proposed that marine isolates SJT (=ATCC BAA-682T=DSM 15412T) and JS5T (=ATCC BAA-684T=DSM 15409T) should be classified within the genus Bacteriovorax as the type strains of Bacteriovorax marinus sp. nov. and Bacteriovorax litoralis sp. nov., respectively. PMID:15280263

Baer, Marcie L; Ravel, Jacques; Piñeiro, Silvia A; Guether-Borg, Diana; Williams, Henry N

2004-07-01

106

Draft Genome Sequence of Shewanella sp. Strain CP20.  

PubMed

Shewanella sp. CP20 is a marine bacterium that survives ingestion by Tetrahymena pyriformis and is expelled from the protozoan within membrane-bound vacuoles, where the bacterial cells show long-term survival. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of Shewanella sp. CP20 and discuss the potential mechanisms facilitating intraprotozoan survival. PMID:25858840

Lutz, Carla; Martin Tay, Qi Xiang; Sun, Shuyang; McDougald, Diane

2015-01-01

107

Draft Genome Sequence of Shewanella sp. Strain CP20  

PubMed Central

Shewanella sp. CP20 is a marine bacterium that survives ingestion by Tetrahymena pyriformis and is expelled from the protozoan within membrane-bound vacuoles, where the bacterial cells show long-term survival. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of Shewanella sp. CP20 and discuss the potential mechanisms facilitating intraprotozoan survival. PMID:25858840

Lutz, Carla; Martin Tay, Qi Xiang; Sun, Shuyang

2015-01-01

108

LOCALIZATION OF SP22 ON HUMAN SPERM OF DIFFERING QUALITY  

EPA Science Inventory

LOCALIZATION OF SP22 ON HUMAN SPERM OF DIFFERING QUALITY. AE Lavers*1, GR Klinefelter2, DW Hamilton1, KP Roberts1, 1University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN and 2US EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC. SP22 is a sperm membrane protein that has been implicated in sperm function d...

109

Technology Transfer to Industry of Biotechnology on Rhizopus sp Inoculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective is to create new Rhizopus sp inoculum product in order to provide market need for Tempe industries. The benefit is to utilize the appropriate traditional biotechnology for the development of a high quality inoculum product. The methods used is research and development to create new products. Technology transfer to industry of traditional biotechnology on Rhizopus sp inoculum was

Ign. Suharto; A. Prima K; YIP Arry Miryanti

2011-01-01

110

Complete Genome Sequence of Marinobacter sp. BSs20148.  

PubMed

Marinobacter sp. BSs20148 was isolated from marine sediment collected from the Arctic Ocean at a water depth of 3,800 m. Here we report the complete genome sequence of Marinobacter sp. BSs20148. This genomic information will facilitate the study of the physiological metabolism, ecological roles, and evolution of the Marinobacter species. PMID:23682144

Song, Lai; Ren, Lufeng; Li, Xingang; Yu, Dan; Yu, Yong; Wang, Xumin; Liu, Guiming

2013-01-01

111

Occurrence and clinical relevance of Mycobacterium chimaera sp. nov., Germany.  

PubMed

Retrospective molecular genetic analysis of 166 Mycobacterium intracellulare isolates showed that 143 (86%) strains could be assigned to Mycobacterium chimaera sp. nov. Of 97 patients from whom M. chimaera sp. nov. was isolated, only 3.3% exhibited mycobacterial lung disease, whereas all M. intracellulare isolates caused severe pulmonary infections. PMID:18760016

Schweickert, Birgitta; Goldenberg, Oliver; Richter, Elvira; Göbel, Ulf B; Petrich, Annette; Buchholz, Petra; Moter, Annette

2008-09-01

112

Sarcocystis SP. IN THE EASTERN COTTONTAIL (Sylvilagus floridanus)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sarcocystis sp. was observed in 100 of 185 (54.1%) Eastern cottontails (Sylvilagus floridanus) examined in Pennsylvania over a three year period. Gross and histologic examination commonly revealed cysts in skeletal muscle of the fore and hind legs, flanks and loins. Two rabbits had cysts in esophageal skeletal muscle. Host response to Sarcocystis sp. is described. Adult rabbits had a significantly

M. COSGROVE; J. P. WIGGINS; H. ROTHENBACHER

1982-01-01

113

Mechanism Based Anticancer Drugs that Degrade Sp Transcription Factors  

E-print Network

and several Sp-dependent genes like Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3). In vivo studies using KU7 cells as xenografts showed that celastrol represents novel class of anticancer drugs that acts, in part, through targeting downregulation of Sp...

Chadalapaka, Gayathri

2013-03-14

114

33 CFR 161.19 - Sailing Plan (SP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sailing Plan (SP). 161.19 Section 161.19 Navigation and Navigable Waters...Vessel Movement Reporting System § 161.19 Sailing Plan (SP). Unless otherwise stated, at least 15 minutes before...

2010-07-01

115

Solar Physics & Space Plasma Research Center (SP2RC)  

E-print Network

Solar Physics & Space Plasma Research Center (SP2RC) University of SheffieldSTFC SSP Intro Summer & Statistics, The University of Sheffield (UK) http://robertus.staff.shef.ac.uk #12;Solar Physics & Space]solitons, applications) ·Conclusions #12;Solar Physics & Space Plasma Research Center (SP2RC) http

116

Virgibacillus alimentarius sp. nov., isolated from a traditional Korean food  

E-print Network

Virgibacillus alimentarius sp. nov., isolated from a traditional Korean food Jandi Kim,1 Mi-Ja Jung Virgibacillus, for which the name Virgibacillus alimentarius sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is J18T (5 was related most closely to Virgibacillus byunsanensis ISL-24T (96.3 % similarity), Virgibacillus carmonensis

Bae, Jin-Woo

117

Review article Pathogenic role of gastric Helicobacter sp  

E-print Network

Review article Pathogenic role of gastric Helicobacter sp in domestic carnivores P Lecoindre M more about helicobacteria in domestic carnivores, their morphologic characteristics, their taxonomia pathogène de Helicobacter sp gastrique chez les carnivores domestiques. Grâce u des études phylo

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

118

SP100 power system conceptual design for lunar base applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

A conceptual design is presented for a nuclear power system utilizing an SP-100 reactor and multiple Stirling cycle engines for operation on the lunar surface. Based on the results of this study, it was concluded that this power plant could be a viable option for an evolutionary lunar base. The design concept consists of a 2500 kWt (kilowatt thermal) SP-100

Lee S. Mason; Harvey S. Bloomfield; Donald C. Hainley

1989-01-01

119

78 FR 39828 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Forms 8857 and 8857(SP)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Comment Request for Forms 8857 and 8857(SP) AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS...comments concerning Forms 8857 and 8857(SP), Request for Innocent Spouse Relief...1545-1596. Form Numbers: 8857 and 8857(SP). Abstract: Section 6013(e) of...

2013-07-02

120

75 FR 53021 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 2848, 2848(SP)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Comment Request for Form 2848, 2848(SP) AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS...soliciting comments concerning Form 2848, 2848(SP) Power of Attorney and Declaration of Representative...1545-0150. Form Number: 2848; 2848(SP). Abstract: Form 2848 or Form...

2010-08-30

121

[Cembranoid diterpenes from soft coral Sinularia sp].  

PubMed

A soft coral Sinularia sp., collected from the South China Sea, was selected to investigate the bioactive and chemical constituents. The EtOAc fraction were isolated by repeatedly silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography to obtain lobophytolide A (1), 3-dehydroxylpresinularolide B (2), sarcophine (3), 3 beta-acetoxyisolobophytolide (4), Crassocolide D (5), (3E,7E,11E)-6-acetoxy-3,7,11,15(17)-cembratrien-16,14-olide (6). The structures of compounds 1-6 were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data analysis. All compounds were tested against a small panel of human tumor cell lines. And these compounds were obtained for the first time from this coral. PMID:20394288

Lv, Fang; Wang, Xianjie; Dai, Rongji; Deng, Yulin

2010-01-01

122

Dietzia timorensis sp. nov., isolated from soil.  

PubMed

An actinomycete strain, ID05-A0528(T), was isolated using the SDS-yeast extract pre-treatment method from soil under mahogany (Swietenia mahogani) trees in West Timor, Indonesia, and was examined by using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic characterizations demonstrated that the novel strain belongs to the genus Dietzia. 16S rRNA gene sequencing studies showed that the strain was related to Dietzia cinnamea (97.2 %). Results of phenotypic and phylogenetic analyses determined that strain ID05-A0528(T) is different from the known species of the genus Dietzia. It is proposed that the isolate should be classified as a representative of a novel species of the genus Dietzia, with the name Dietzia timorensis sp. nov. The type strain is ID05-A0528(T) (=BTCC B-560(T) =NBRC 104184(T)). PMID:19654365

Yamamura, Hideki; Lisdiyanti, Puspita; Ridwan, Roni; Ratnakomala, Shanti; Sarawati, Rasti; Lestari, Yulin; Triana, Evi; Kartina, Gina; Widyastuti, Yantyati; Ando, Katsuhiko

2010-02-01

123

Analysis of SP-100 critical experiments  

SciTech Connect

In support of the SP-100 space nuclear power source program, preliminary critical benchmark experiments were performed at the ZPPR facility at ANL-W. These configurations are representative of small, fast-spectrum, BeO-reflected, liquid metal-cooled space reactor designs at a 300-kWe power level. Analyses were performed using MCNP (Monte Carlo) and TWODANT (discrete ordinates) transport codes to calculate system criticality, control worth, and power distribution. Both methods calculated eigenvalues within 0.5% of the experimental results. Internal-poison-rod worth was underpredicted and radial reflector worth was overpredicted by both codes by up to 20%. MCNP-calculated control drum worths were underestimated by approximately 8%. Good agreement with experimental values was observed for /sup 235/U fission and for /sup 238/U fission and capture rates with the best agreement occurring in the fuel region and slightly poorer predictions apparent near BeO moderator. 7 refs., 12 figs.

Sapir, J.L.; Brandon, D.I.; Collins, P.J.; Cowan, C.L.; Porter, C.A.; Andre, S.V.

1988-01-01

124

Mycobacterium florentinum sp. nov., isolated from humans.  

PubMed

Eight mycobacterial strains isolated during an 11 year period from the sputum of independent patients with various pulmonary disorders and, in one case, from a lymph node of a young girl, were found to present identical features. Phenotypic and genotypic characteristics revealed that the most closely related species to these test isolates were Mycobacterium triplex and Mycobacterium lentiflavum. However, the lipids of the cell wall of the test isolates differed from those of the latter species by TLC and presented unique profiles by both GC and HPLC. Genotypic analysis showed that they had unique 16S rRNA gene and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences, and could be differentiated from all other mycobacterial strains by PCR restriction analysis of hsp65. The strains presented high resistance to antimycobacterial drugs. The name Mycobacterium florentinum sp. nov. is proposed for this taxon, with strain FI-93171(T) (=DSM 44852(T) = CIP 108409(T)) as the type strain. PMID:15879240

Tortoli, Enrico; Rindi, Laura; Goh, Khye S; Katila, Marja L; Mariottini, Alessandro; Mattei, Romano; Mazzarelli, Gianna; Suomalainen, Sini; Torkko, Pirjo; Rastogi, Nalin

2005-05-01

125

Predicting fuel performance for SP-100 conditions  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on methods for analyzing fuel designs proposed for the thermionic and thermoelectric concepts for SP-100 application. The proposed fuel design for the thermionic concept consisted of fully-enriched oxide fuel clad in chemical vapor deposition (CVD) tungsten, which also served as the emitter for the thermionic fuel element (TFE). The fuel density was 95% of theoretical with the linear heat rate flattened radially by removing fuel from the center of the fuel pellet. The fuel inner diameter varied from approx.0.45 in. at the core center to zero at the edge of the core. The as-fabricated gap between fuel and emitter was 10 mils radial. The emitter thickness was 80 mils, and the outer diameter was 1.099 in. The LIFE-4 code was used for evaluation of this concept after extensive review of the code and development of a procedure that corrects certain deficiencies noted in analysis of several tests.

Baars, R.E.

1985-01-01

126

Electron microscope study of Sarcocystis sp  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Sarcocystis sp. obtained from wild populations of grackles, Quiscalus quiscula (Linn.), were examined to clarify the effect of the parasite on the host. Electron micrographs are presented to show areas of muscle destruction adjacent to the parasite which appear to be mechanically produced by the parasite. The microtubules within the villus-like projections of the cyst suggest that their possible function is absorptive and/or conductive with regard to the production of a toxin or the conveyance of nutritive material to the developing cells. The proposed function of submembranous filaments and their relation to the conoid is discussed. Similarities in the ultrastructure to Toxoplasma and other protozoa tend to negate the relegation of Sarcocystis to the fungi and further emphasize its protozoan nature.

Zeve, V.H.; Price, D.L.; Herman, C.M.

1966-01-01

127

Demodex sp. in California ground squirrels.  

PubMed

An undescribed species of Demodex (Acari: Demodecidae) was observed in hair follicles and ducts of sebaceous glands in the ear canals of seven California ground squirrels (Spermophilus beecheyi) from Santa Clara County, California (USA). The animals had died of unrelated causes and were submitted for necropsy between September 1994 and February 1996. Similar mites were observed in the lumens of hair follicles and ducts of Meibomian glands in the eyelids of two of these squirrels. Microscopic changes in the epithelium and surrounding dermis, when present, were minimal. No associated clinical signs of disease or macroscopic lesions were observed. To our knowledge, this is the first report of Demodex sp. in a ground squirrel. PMID:9131580

Waggie, K S; Marion, P L

1997-04-01

128

Rhabditis (Oscheius) pheropsophi n. sp. (Rhabditida: Rhabditidae).  

PubMed

Rhabditis (Oscheius) pheropsophi n. sp., associated with cadavers of the bombardier beetle, Pheropsophus aequinoctialis, is described from material collected in Brazil. Mean body length of the female is 1,217 mum, of the male 872 mum, and of the dauer juvenile 568 mum. The female has six lips with one papilla on each lateral lip and two on each sublateral lip; stoma wall thickened dorsally, metarhabdions with warts, excretory pore near base of esophagus, tail long (c = 8), and phasmids prominent, protruding on scanning electron microscope preparations. The male has 10 pairs of bursal ribs, with the terminal pair considerably smaller than the others; spicules fused distally two-thirds of their length. The new species can be distinguished from other members of the Dolichura-group by its fused spicules. PMID:19279864

Smart, G C; Nguyen, K B

1994-03-01

129

Halotolerant laccases from Chaetomium sp., Xylogone sphaerospora, and Coprinopsis sp. isolated from a Mediterranean coastal area.  

PubMed

Laccases (EC 1.10.3.2) are phenoloxidases involved in the transformation of the recalcitrant fraction of organic matter in soil. These enzymes are also able to transform certain aromatic pollutants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and are known to be inhibited by chloride ions. This study aims to test the potential of some fungal strains newly isolated from natural environments subjected to high osmotic pressure such as coastal ecosystems, to produce chloride tolerant laccases. Three strains were identified as Chaetomium sp., Xylogone sphaerospora (two Ascomycota), and Coprinopsis sp. (a Basidiomycota) and the laccases produced by these fungi were weakly inhibited by chloride ions compared with previous data from literature. Moreover, we tested their reactivity towards various PAHs which are widespread anthropic pollutants. They were able to transform anthracene to 9,10-anthraquinone and we determine 7.5 eV as the threshold of ionization potential for PAH oxidation by these laccases. PMID:23063188

Qasemian, Leila; Billette, Christophe; Guiral, Daniel; Alazard, Emilie; Moinard, Magalie; Farnet, Anne-Marie

2012-10-01

130

Cryptococcus socialis sp. nov. and Cryptococcus consortionis sp. nov., Antarctic basidioblastomycetes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

New yeasts from the Ross Desert (dry valley area) of Antarctica include Cryptococcus socialis sp. nov. and Cryptococcus consortionis sp. nov. Cryptococcus socialis MYSW A801-3aY1 (= ATCC 56685) requires no vitamins, assimilates L-arabinose, cellobiose, D-glucuronate, maltose, melezitose, raffinose, soluble starch, sucrose, and trehalose, and may be distinguished from all other basidioblastomycetes by the combination of amylose production, cellobiose assimilation, and failure to utilize nitrate, D-galactose, myo-inositol, and mannitol. Its guanine-plus-cytosine content is 56 mol%. Cryptococcus consortionis MYSW A801-3aY92 (= ATCC 56686) requires thiamine, assimilates L-arabinose, D-glucuronate, 2-ketogluconate, salicin, succinate, sucrose, trehalose, and D-xylose, and may be distinguished from all other basidioblastomycetes by the combination of amylose production and failure to utilize nitrate, cellobiose, D-galactose, myo-inositol, and mannitol. Its guanine-plus-cytosine content is 56 mol%.

Vishniac, H. S.

1985-01-01

131

Carbon-Binding Designer Proteins that Discriminate between sp2- and sp3-Hybridized Carbon Surfaces  

PubMed Central

Robust and simple strategies to directly functionalize graphene- and diamond-based nanostructures with proteins are of considerable interest for biologically driven manufacturing, biosensing and bioimaging. Here, we identify a new set of carbon binding peptides that vary in overall hydrophobicity and charge, and engineer two of these sequences (Car9 and Car15) within the framework of E. coli Thioredoxin 1 (TrxA). We develop purification schemes to recover the resulting TrxA derivatives in a soluble form and conduct a detailed analysis of the mechanisms that underpin the interaction of the fusion proteins with carbonaceous surfaces. Although equilibrium quartz crystal microbalance measurements show that TrxA?Car9 and TrxA?Car15 have similar affinity for sp2-hybridized graphitic carbon (Kd = 50 and 90 nM, respectively), only the latter protein is capable of dispersing carbon nanotubes. Further investigation by surface plasmon resonance and atomic force microscopy reveals that TrxA?Car15 interacts with sp2-bonded carbon through a combination of hydrophobic and ?-? interactions but that TrxA?Car9 exhibits a cooperative mode of binding which relies on a combination of electrostatics and weaker ?-stacking. Consequently, we find that TrxA?Car9 binds equally well to sp2- and sp3-bonded (diamond-like) carbon particles, while TrxA?Car15 is capable of discriminating between the two carbon allotropes. Our results emphasize the importance of understanding both bulk and molecular recognition events when exploiting the adhesive properties of solid-binding peptides and proteins in technological applications. PMID:23510486

Coyle, Brandon L.; Rolandi, Marco; Baneyx, François

2013-01-01

132

Biocontrol of Salmonella Enteritidis in spiked chicken cuts by lytic bacteriophages ?SP-1 and ?SP-3.  

PubMed

The ability of host specific bacteriophages ?SP-1 and ?SP-3 to lyse Salmonella in artificially contaminated cuts of pressure cooked chicken meat was evaluated at different temperatures -4?°C, room temperature (28?±?0.5 °C) and 37?°C applying low and high multiplicity of infection (MOI). Bacteriophages were able to significantly reduce the bacterial counts at all the temperatures studied. At 4?°C, individual application of ? SP-1and ? SP-3 resulted in significant drop in bacterial counts (log10 2.46 and 2.1?CFU/ml, respectively) at high MOI and (log10 0.98 and 0.52?CFU/ml, respectively) at low MOI, when compared to the untreated control on day 3. Similarly at room temperature the drop was log10 3.99 and 3.46?CFU/ml at high MOI and log10 2.51 and 2.3?CFU/ml at low MOI. At 37?°C the drop was log10 1.98 and 2.38 at high MOI and at low MOI it was log10 1.52 and 1.98?CFU/ml. Increased efficiency was observed when phages where applied as cocktail at high MOI as the bacterial counts at the end of day 3 dropped by log10 3.52?CFU/ml at 37?°C and to beyond detectable level at 4?°C and room temperature. The average reduction of bacterial load in the same group was -4?°C (79%), room temperature (92%) and 37?°C (78%). PMID:25588852

Augustine, Jeena; Bhat, Sarita G

2015-04-01

133

Descriptions of Deladenus albizicus n. sp. and D. processus n. sp. (Nematoda: Hexatylina) from Haryana, India.  

PubMed

Two different nematodes were isolated from the bark of Albizia lebbeck trees; one from insect infested and another from noninfested, healthy tree. Based on the biological, morphological, and molecular evidences, the nematodes are described as Deladenus albizicus n. sp. and D. processus n. sp. (Nematoda: Hexatylina). Deladenus albizicus n. sp., isolated from insect-infested tree, multiplied on the fungus Nigrospora oryzae. Myceliophagous females of this nematode reproduced by parthenogenesis and spermathecae were indistinct. Infective females, readily produced in the cultures, are dorsally curved. Only one type of males containing small-sized sperms in their genital tracts were produced in the culture. Myceliophagous females: L = 0.75 to 1.71 mm, a = 32.3 to 50.8, b = 9.3 to 11.2, b' = 5.2 to 7.3, c = 27.2 to 35.6, V = 91.0 to 93.3, c' = 2.0 to 2.9, stylet = 11 to 12 µm, excretory pore in the region of median pharyngeal bulb, 43 to 47 µm anterior to hemizonid. Deladenus processus n. sp., isolated from bark of healthy A. lebbeck tree, was cultured on Alternaria alternata. Myceliophagous females reproduced by amphimixis and their spermathecae contained rounded sperms. Infective females were never produced, even in old cultures. Myceliophagous females: L = 0.76 to 0.99 mm, a = 34 to 49, b = 13.3 to 17.7, b' = 3.8 to 5.8, c = 19.6 to 22.8, V = 92.2 to 93.5, c' = 2.7 to 3.5, stylet = 6 to 7 µm, excretory pore in the proximity of hemizonid, tail conoid, tapering from both sides to a long pointed central process. It is proposed to classify Deladenus species in three groups: durus, siricidicola, and laricis groups based on female and spermatogonia dimorphism, mode of reproduction, and insect parasitism. PMID:25861116

Tomar, V V S; Somvanshi, Vishal S; Bajaj, Harish K

2015-03-01

134

Descriptions of Deladenus albizicus n. sp. and D. processus n. sp. (Nematoda: Hexatylina) from Haryana, India  

PubMed Central

Two different nematodes were isolated from the bark of Albizia lebbeck trees; one from insect infested and another from noninfested, healthy tree. Based on the biological, morphological, and molecular evidences, the nematodes are described as Deladenus albizicus n. sp. and D. processus n. sp. (Nematoda: Hexatylina). Deladenus albizicus n. sp., isolated from insect-infested tree, multiplied on the fungus Nigrospora oryzae. Myceliophagous females of this nematode reproduced by parthenogenesis and spermathecae were indistinct. Infective females, readily produced in the cultures, are dorsally curved. Only one type of males containing small-sized sperms in their genital tracts were produced in the culture. Myceliophagous females: L = 0.75 to 1.71 mm, a = 32.3 to 50.8, b = 9.3 to 11.2, b’ = 5.2 to 7.3, c = 27.2 to 35.6, V = 91.0 to 93.3, c’ = 2.0 to 2.9, stylet = 11 to 12 µm, excretory pore in the region of median pharyngeal bulb, 43 to 47 µm anterior to hemizonid. Deladenus processus n. sp., isolated from bark of healthy A. lebbeck tree, was cultured on Alternaria alternata. Myceliophagous females reproduced by amphimixis and their spermathecae contained rounded sperms. Infective females were never produced, even in old cultures. Myceliophagous females: L = 0.76 to 0.99 mm, a = 34 to 49, b = 13.3 to 17.7, b’ = 3.8 to 5.8, c = 19.6 to 22.8, V = 92.2 to 93.5, c’ = 2.7 to 3.5, stylet = 6 to 7 µm, excretory pore in the proximity of hemizonid, tail conoid, tapering from both sides to a long pointed central process. It is proposed to classify Deladenus species in three groups: durus, siricidicola, and laricis groups based on female and spermatogonia dimorphism, mode of reproduction, and insect parasitism.

Tomar, V. V. S.; Somvanshi, Vishal S.; Bajaj, Harish K.

2015-01-01

135

Haloalkylphosphorus Hydrolases Purified from Sphingomonas sp. Strain TDK1 and Sphingobium sp. Strain TCM1  

PubMed Central

Phosphotriesterases catalyze the first step of organophosphorus triester degradation. The bacterial phosphotriesterases purified and characterized to date hydrolyze mainly aryl dialkyl phosphates, such as parathion, paraoxon, and chlorpyrifos. In this study, we purified and cloned two novel phosphotriesterases from Sphingomonas sp. strain TDK1 and Sphingobium sp. strain TCM1 that hydrolyze tri(haloalkyl)phosphates, and we named these enzymes haloalkylphosphorus hydrolases (TDK-HAD and TCM-HAD, respectively). Both HADs are monomeric proteins with molecular masses of 59.6 (TDK-HAD) and 58.4 kDa (TCM-HAD). The enzyme activities were affected by the addition of divalent cations, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry analysis suggested that zinc is a native cofactor for HADs. These enzymes hydrolyzed not only chlorinated organophosphates but also a brominated organophosphate [tris(2,3-dibromopropyl) phosphate], as well as triaryl phosphates (tricresyl and triphenyl phosphates). Paraoxon-methyl and paraoxon were efficiently degraded by TCM-HAD, whereas TDK-HAD showed weak activity toward these substrates. Dichlorvos was degraded only by TCM-HAD. The enzymes displayed weak or no activity against trialkyl phosphates and organophosphorothioates. The TCM-HAD and TDK-HAD genes were cloned and found to encode proteins of 583 and 574 amino acid residues, respectively. The primary structures of TCM-HAD and TDK-HAD were very similar, and the enzymes also shared sequence similarity with fenitrothion hydrolase (FedA) of Burkholderia sp. strain NF100 and organophosphorus hydrolase (OphB) of Burkholderia sp. strain JBA3. However, the substrate specificities and quaternary structures of the HADs were largely different from those of FedA and OphB. These results show that HADs from sphingomonads are novel members of the bacterial phosphotriesterase family. PMID:25038092

Yoshida, Satoshi; Suzuki, Yuto; Mori, Junichi; Doi, Yuka; Takahashi, Shouji; Kera, Yoshio

2014-01-01

136

Enzyme-linked imunoassays for the detection of Listeria sp. and Salmonella sp. in sausage: a comparison with conventional methods.  

PubMed

This study was carried out comparing the conventional methods (ISO 11290-1 and BAM method, 2008) and system mini-Vidas® (Biomerieux), for detection of Listeria sp. and Salmonella sp. in cooled sausage. The immunoenzymatic method has shown to be effective for the detection of target pathogens, it has presented itself as an excellent screening method. PMID:24516447

Benetti, T M; Monteiro, C L B; Beux, M R; Abrahão, W M

2013-01-01

137

Enzyme-linked imunoassays for the detection of Listeria sp. and Salmonella sp. in sausage: A comparison with conventional methods  

PubMed Central

This study was carried out comparing the conventional methods (ISO 11290-1 and BAM method, 2008) and system mini-Vidas® (Biomerieux), for detection of Listeria sp. and Salmonella sp. in cooled sausage. The immunoenzymatic method has shown to be effective for the detection of target pathogens, it has presented itself as an excellent screening method. PMID:24516447

Benetti, T.M.; Monteiro, C.L.B.; Beux, M.R.; Abrahão, W.M.

2013-01-01

138

Life cycle and secondary production of two mayflies Leptophlebia sp. and Ephemera sp. in Heizhuchong stream, Hubei, China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From June 2003 to June 2004, an investigation on the life cycle, production and trophic basis of dominant species of macrozoobenthos community in a second-order river of the Hanjiang River basin, Hubei, China was carried out. The results showed that the dominant species Leptophlebia sp. and Ephemera sp. appeared to develop two generations per year, and there was a small overlap in the two generations of both species. The pupation of Leptophlebia sp. mainly occurred in autumn and winter, while pupation of Ephemera sp. mainly took place in summer and winter. The standing stocks of the Leptophlebia sp. population and Ephemera sp. population had two peaks in a year. The cohort production and cohort P/B ratio of the Leptophlebia sp. population estimated by size frequency method were 19.018 1 g/m2.a and 5.7 respectively, while its annual production and P/B ratio were 38.036 2 g/m2.a and 11.4. The cohort production and cohort P/B ratio of the Ephemera sp. population were 38.015 9 g/m2.a and 5.9, while its annual production and P/B ratio were 76.031 8 g/m2.a and 11.8.

Li, Xiaoyu; Yan, Yunjun

2008-02-01

139

Fusarium euwallaceae sp. nov.—a symbiotic fungus of Euwallacea sp., an invasive ambrosia beetle in Israel and California  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The invasive Asian ambrosia beetle Euwallacea sp. (Coleoptera, Scolytinae, Xyleborini) and a novel Fusarium sp. that it farms in its galleries as a source of nutrition seriously damage over 20 species of live trees and pose a serious threat to avocado production (Persea americana) in Israel and Cali...

140

Lichenochora epinashii sp. nov. y L. sinapispermae sp. nov. ( Phyllachorales, ascomicetes), dos nuevos hongos liquenícolas sobre Caloplaca  

Microsoft Academic Search

Description of two new species of Lichenochora (Phyllachorales, lichenicolous fungi): Lichenochora epinashii Nav.-Ros. et Etayo sp. nov. and L. sinapispermae Etayo et Nav.-Ros. sp. nov. L. epinashii is so far known from Baja California (Mexico), growing on thallus of Caloplaca nashii Nav. Ros., Gaya et Hladun which occurs on caliche (desertic soil encrustment), and L. sinapispermae is described from Navarra

Pere Navarro-Rosinés; Javier Etayo

2001-01-01

141

Survey of Anisakis sp. and Hysterothylacium sp. in sardines and anchovies from the North Adriatic Sea.  

PubMed

The occurrence of larval Anisakidae and Raphidascarididae in anchovies and sardines from the North Adriatic Sea has been estimated. Anisakis pegreffii and Hysterothylacium aduncum were reported, with low prevalence values. In brief, a total amount of 7650 fish specimens collected between September 2011 and 2012 were analysed using three different inspection analyses: a visual inspection of the coelomic cavity, an examination of the viscera exploiting the positive hydro-tropism of the larvae (modified Baermann technique) and enzymatic digestion of muscular tissue pools. Low level of infestation was reported for Anisakis sp. in both in anchovies and sardines, while higher values were reported for Hysterothylacium sp. Subsamples of nematodes collected were characterized at species level using the molecular diagnostic key based on ITS nuclear ribosomal region, and A. pegreffii and H. aduncum were identified. The low prevalence of Anisakis sp. in sardines and anchovies from the North Adriatic Sea could be related to the peculiar distribution of cetaceans and carnivorous zooplankton in the investigated region and could be used as a potential tag to define oily fishes from this specific fishing area as at low-risk for anisakiasis. PMID:25662709

Cavallero, S; Magnabosco, C; Civettini, M; Boffo, L; Mingarelli, G; Buratti, P; Giovanardi, O; Fortuna, C M; Arcangeli, G

2015-05-01

142

All-carbon sp-sp2 hybrid structures: Geometrical properties, current rectification, and current amplification  

PubMed Central

All-carbon sp-sp2 hybrid structures comprised of a zigzag-edged trigonal graphene (ZTG)and carbon chains are proposed and constructed as nanojunctions. It has been found that such simple hybrid structures possess very intriguing propertiesapp:addword:intriguing. The high-performance rectifying behaviors similar to macroscopic p-n junction diodes, such as a nearly linear positive-bias I-V curve (metallic behavior), a very small leakage current under negative bias (insulating behavior), a rather low threshold voltage, and a large bias region contributed to a rectification, can be predicted. And also, a transistor can be built by such a hybrid structure, which can show an extremely high current amplification. This is because a sp-hybrid carbon chain has a special electronic structure which can limit the electronic resonant tunneling of the ZTG to a unique and favorable situation. These results suggest that these hybrid structures might promise importantly potential applications for developing nano-scale integrated circuits. PMID:23999318

Zhang, Zhenhua; Zhang, Junjun; Kwong, Gordon; Li, Ji; Fan, Zhiqiang; Deng, Xiaoqing; Tang, Guiping

2013-01-01

143

The Growth of Monoraphidium sp. and Scenedesmus sp. Cells in the Presence of Thorium  

PubMed Central

Toxicity of thorium by Monoraphidium sp. and Scenedesmus sp. was studied. Microalgal cultures were inoculated in ASM-1 medium in presence and absence of thorium. Its effect was monitored by direct counting on Fuchs-Rosenthal chamber and with software. The toxicity of thorium over the species was observed for concentrations over 50.0?mg/L. After 30 days, Monoraphidium cells decreased their concentration from 4.23 × 106 to 4.27 × 105 and 8.57 × 105?cells/mL, in the presence of 50.0 and 100.0?mg/L of thorium, respectively. Scenedesmus sp. cells were more resistant to thorium: for an initial cell concentration of 7.65 × 104?cells/mL it was observed a change to 5.25 × 105 and 5.12 × 105?cells/mL, in the presence of thorium at 50.0 and 100.0?mg/L, respectively. This is an indication that low concentrations of the radionuclide favored the growth, and that Scenedesmus cells are more resistant to thorium than Monoraphidium cells. The software used for comparison with direct count method proved to be useful for the improvement of accuracy of the results obtained, a decrease in the uncertainty and allowed recording of the data. The presence of thorium suggests that low concentrations have a positive effect on the growth, due to the presence of the nitrate, indicating its potential for ecotoxicological studies. PMID:22649297

de Queiroz, Juliana Cristina; Ferreira, Ana Cristina de Melo; da Costa, Antonio Carlos Augusto

2012-01-01

144

New records of the Cryphonectriaceae from southern Africa including Latruncellus aurorae gen. sp. nov.  

E-print Network

New records of the Cryphonectriaceae from southern Africa including Latruncellus aurorae gen. sp, Latruncellus aurorae gen. sp. nov., is described from Galpinia transvaalica (Lythraceae, Myrtales) in Swazi

145

Scalability of Parallel Spatial Direct Numerical Simulations on Intel Hypercube and IBM SP1 and SP2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The implementation and performance of a parallel spatial direct numerical simulation (PSDNS) approach on the Intel iPSC/860 hypercube and IBM SP1 and SP2 parallel computers is documented. Spatially evolving disturbances associated with the laminar-to-turbulent transition in boundary-layer flows are computed with the PSDNS code. The feasibility of using the PSDNS to perform transition studies on these computers is examined. The results indicate that PSDNS approach can effectively be parallelized on a distributed-memory parallel machine by remapping the distributed data structure during the course of the calculation. Scalability information is provided to estimate computational costs to match the actual costs relative to changes in the number of grid points. By increasing the number of processors, slower than linear speedups are achieved with optimized (machine-dependent library) routines. This slower than linear speedup results because the computational cost is dominated by FFT routine, which yields less than ideal speedups. By using appropriate compile options and optimized library routines on the SP1, the serial code achieves 52-56 M ops on a single node of the SP1 (45 percent of theoretical peak performance). The actual performance of the PSDNS code on the SP1 is evaluated with a "real world" simulation that consists of 1.7 million grid points. One time step of this simulation is calculated on eight nodes of the SP1 in the same time as required by a Cray Y/MP supercomputer. For the same simulation, 32-nodes of the SP1 and SP2 are required to reach the performance of a Cray C-90. A 32 node SP1 (SP2) configuration is 2.9 (4.6) times faster than a Cray Y/MP for this simulation, while the hypercube is roughly 2 times slower than the Y/MP for this application. KEY WORDS: Spatial direct numerical simulations; incompressible viscous flows; spectral methods; finite differences; parallel computing.

Joslin, Ronald D.; Hanebutte, Ulf R.; Zubair, Mohammad

1995-01-01

146

Wastewater treatment using integrated anaerobic baffled reactor and Bio-rack wetland planted with Phragmites sp. and Typha sp.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study is to examine the potential use of anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) followed by Bio-rack wetland planted with Phragmites sp. and Typha sp. for treating domestic wastewater generated by small communities (751 mg COD/L, 500 SCOD mg/L, 348 mg BOD5/L). Two parallel laboratory-scale models showed that the process planted with Phragmites sp. and Typha sp. are capable of removing COD by 87% & 86%, SCOD by 90% & 88%, BOD5 by 93% & 92%, TSS by 88% & 86%, TN by 79% & 77%, PO4-P by 21% & 14% at an overall HRT of 21 (843 g COD/m(3)/day & 392 g BOD5/m(3)/day) and 27 (622 g COD/m(3)/day & 302 g BOD5/m(3)/day) hours, respectively. Microbial analysis indicated a high reduction in the MPN of total coliform and TVC as high as 99% at the outlet end of the processes. The vegetated system using Phragmites sp. showed significantly greater (p <0.05) pollutant removal efficiencies due to its extensive root and mass growth rate (p <0.05) of the plant compared to Typha sp. The Phragmites sp. indicated a higher relative growth rate (3.92%) than Typha sp. (0.90%). Microorganisms immobilized on the surface of the Bio-rack media (mean TVC: 2.33?×?10(7) cfu/cm(2)) were isolated, identified and observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). This study illustrated that the present integrated processes could be an ideal approach for promoting a sustainable decentralization, however, Phragmites sp. would be more efficient rather than Typha sp. PMID:25379186

Jamshidi, Shervin; Akbarzadeh, Abbas; Woo, Kwang-Sung; Valipour, Alireza

2014-01-01

147

Industrial Engineering Catalog 2014 Fall Math 141 or 147 (4) FA, SP, SU English 101 or 118 (3) FA, SP, SU Chem 120 or 128 (4) FA, SP, SU EF 151 or 157 (4) FA, SP EF 105 (1) FA, SP  

E-print Network

Industrial Engineering Catalog 2014 Fall Math 141 or 147 (4) FA, SP, SU English 101 or 118 (3) FA- Math 130 or Math ACT 28 Math 130 Coreq- Math 141 or 147 and Coreq- EF 151 or 157 or Math SAT 630 EF 105 Spring Math 142 or 148 (4) FA, SP, SU English 102 (3) FA, SP, SU Gen Ed (3) FA, SP, SU EF 152 or 158 (4

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

148

Sp8 is crucial for limb outgrowth and neuropore closure.  

PubMed

In this report we describe the developmental expression and function of Sp8, a member of the Sp family of zinc finger transcription factors, and provide evidence that the legless transgene insertional mutant is a hypomorphic allele of the Sp8 gene. Sp8 is expressed during embryogenesis in the forming apical ectodermal ridge (AER), restricted regions of the central nervous system, and tail bud. Targeted deletion of the Sp8 gene gives a striking phenotype, with severe truncation of both forelimbs and hindlimbs, absent tail, as well as defects in anterior and posterior neuropore closure leading to exencephaly and spina bifida. Outgrowth of the limb depends on formation of the AER, a signaling center that forms at the limb bud apex. In Sp8 mutants, the AER precursor cells are induced and initially express multiple appropriate marker genes, but expression of these genes is not maintained and progression to a mature AER is blocked. These observations indicate that Sp8 functions downstream of Wnt3, Fgf10, and Bmpr1a in the signaling cascade that mediates AER formation. PMID:14526104

Bell, Sheila M; Schreiner, Claire M; Waclaw, Ronald R; Campbell, Kenneth; Potter, S Steven; Scott, William J

2003-10-14

149

Plant growth promoting properties of Halobacillus sp. and Halomonas sp. in presence of salinity and heavy metals.  

PubMed

Salinity and heavy metal stress are challenging problems in agriculture. Here we report the plant growth promoting ability of three moderate halophiles, Halobacillus sp. ADN1, Halomonas sp. MAN5, and Halobacillus sp. MAN6, in presence of both salinity and heavy metal stress. Halobacillus sp. ADN1, Halomonas sp. MAN5, and Halobacillus sp. MAN6 can tolerate 25, 21, and 29% NaCl, respectively and grow in presence of 1?mM cobalt, cadmium, and nickel and 0.04?mM mercury and 0.03?mM silver. Halobacillus sp. ADN1, Halomonas sp. MAN5, and Halobacillus sp. MAN6 produced 152.5, 95.3, and 167.3?µg/ml indole acetic acid (IAA) and could solubilize 61, 53, and 75 parts per million (ppm) phosphate, respectively in the presence of 15% NaCl. The production of IAA and solubilization of phosphate was well retained in the presence of salinity and heavy metals like 1?mM cadmium, 0.7?mM nickel, 0.04?mM mercury, and 0.03?mM silver. Besides, the strains showed amylase and protease activities and could produce hydrogen cyanide and ammonia in presence of salinity and heavy metals. A mixture of three strains enhanced the root growth of Sesuvium portulacastrum under saline and heavy metal stress, where the root length increased nearly 4.5?±?0.6 times and root dry weight increased 5.4?±?0.5 times as compared to control. These strains can thus be useful in microbial assisted phytoremediation of polluted saline soils. PMID:23775888

Desale, Prithviraj; Patel, Bhargav; Singh, Sukrit; Malhotra, Aakshi; Nawani, Neelu

2014-08-01

150

The sea urchin metallothionein system: Comparative evaluation of the SpMTA and SpMTB metal-binding preferences.  

PubMed

Metallothioneins (MTs) constitute a superfamily of ubiquitous metal-binding proteins of low molecular weight and high Cys content. They are involved in metal homeostasis and detoxification, amongst other proposed biological functions. Two MT isoforms (SpMTA and SpMTB) have been reported in the echinoderm Strongylocentrotus purpuratus (sea urchin), both containing 20 Cys residues and presenting extremely similar sequences, although showing distinct tissular and ontogenic expression patterns. Although exhaustive information is available for the Cd(II)-SpMTA complex, this including the full resolution of its 3D structure, no data has been reported concerning either SpMTA Zn(II) and Cu(I) binding properties, or the characterization of SpMTB at protein level. In this work, both the SpMTA and SpMTB isoforms, as well as their separate ? and ? domains, have been recombinantly synthesized in the presence of Zn(II), Cd(II) or Cu(II), and the corresponding metal complexes have been analyzed using electrospray mass spectrometry, and CD, ICP-AES and UV-vis spectroscopies. The results clearly show a better performance of isoform A when binding Zn(II) and Cd(II), and of isoform B when coordinating Cu(I). Thus, our results confirm the differential metal binding preference of SpMTA and SpMTB, which, together with the reported induction pattern of the respective genes, highlights how also in Echinodermata the MT polymorphism may be linked to the evolution of different physiological roles. PMID:23847757

Tomas, Mireia; Domènech, Jordi; Capdevila, Mercè; Bofill, Roger; Atrian, Sílvia

2013-01-01

151

Preliminary SP-100/Stirling heat exchanger designs  

SciTech Connect

Analytic modeling of several heat exchanger concepts to couple the SP-100 nuclear reactor lithium loop and the Space Stirling Power Convertor (SSPC) was performed. Four 25 kWe SSPC`s are used to produce the required 100 kW of electrical power. This design work focused on the interface between a single SSPC and the primary lithium loop. Manifolding to separate and collect the four channel flow was not modeled. This work modeled two separate types of heat exchanger interfaces (conductive coupling and radiative coupling) to explore their relative advantages and disadvantages. The minimum mass design of the conductively coupled concepts was 18 kg or 0.73 kg/kWe for a single 25 kWe convertor. The minimum mass radiatively coupled concept was 41 kg or 1.64 kg/kWe. The direct conduction heat exchanger provides a lighter weight system because of its ability to operate the Stirling convertor evaporator at higher heat fluxes than those attainable by the radiatively coupled systems. Additionally the conductively coupled concepts had relatively small volumes and provide potentially simpler assembly. Their disadvantages were the tight tolerances and material joining problems associated with this refractory to superalloy interface. The advantages of the radiatively coupled designs were the minimal material interface problems.

Schmitz, P.; Tower, L. [Sverdrup Technology, Inc., Brook Park, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center Group; Dawson, R. [Aerospace Design and Fabrication Inc., Brook Park, OH (United States); Blue, B.; Dunn, P. [National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Cleveland, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center

1994-09-01

152

Floating assembly of diatom Coscinodiscus sp. microshells.  

PubMed

Diatoms have silica frustules with transparent and delicate micro/nano scale structures, two dimensional pore arrays, and large surface areas. Although, the diatom cells of Coscinodiscus sp. live underwater, we found that their valves can float on water and assemble together. Experiments show that the convex shape and the 40 nm sieve pores of the valves allow them to float on water, and that the buoyancy and the micro-range attractive forces cause the valves to assemble together at the highest point of water. As measured by AFM calibrated glass needles fixed in manipulator, the buoyancy force on a single floating valve may reach up to 10 ?N in water. Turning the valves over, enlarging the sieve pores, reducing the surface tension of water, or vacuum pumping may cause the floating valves to sink. After the water has evaporated, the floating valves remained in their assembled state and formed a monolayer film. The bonded diatom monolayer may be valuable in studies on diatom based optical devices, biosensors, solar cells, and batteries, to better use the optical and adsorption properties of frustules. The floating assembly phenomenon can also be used as a self-assembly method for fabricating monolayer of circular plates. PMID:22387476

Wang, Yu; Pan, Junfeng; Cai, Jun; Zhang, Deyuan

2012-03-30

153

[Dr. Svetislav Sp. Barjaktarovi?--30 years later].  

PubMed

Doctor Svetislav Sp. Barjaktarovitsh (1893-1971), full professor of University School of Medicine in Belgrade, Head of the Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics since its foundation, Director of the University Teaching Hospital of Gynaecology and Obstetrics from 1937 to 1948, was dismissed from University for political reasons in December 1948. He was the author of classical gynaecological and obstetrics textbooks, popular books, as well as of fifty scientific papers published in domestic and foreign professional literature. While being the Director of the University Teaching Hospital of Gynaecology and Obstetrics he managed to raise money to start the building of a new hospital. He was engaged in experimental work and improved the diagnosis and therapy of genital tuberculosis, extrauterine pregnancy, adnexal inflammation, puerperal fever, etc. He was especially concerned with the determination of the child's sex before his/her birth. As a medical student he participated in the First World War working in the Company Hospital of the Morava Division. He was holder of the Albanian Commemorative Medal, The Cross of Mercy and other decorations. PMID:12577680

Jovanovi?-Simi?, Jelena; Pavlovi?, Budimir

2002-01-01

154

Luteimonas marina sp. nov., isolated from seawater.  

PubMed

A marine bacterial strain, designated FR1330(T), was isolated from a seawater sample collected near Ganghwa Island, the Republic of Korea. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain FR1330(T) belonged to the Gammaproteobacteria and was related to the genus Luteimonas; its closest neighbours were the type strains of Luteimonas composti (97.9 % sequence similarity) and Luteimonas mephitis (95.0 %). DNA-DNA relatedness values for strain FR1330(T) with Luteimonas composti CC-YY255(T) and Luteimonas mephitis KACC 11391(T) were 33 and 10 %, respectively. Cells of strain FR1330(T) were Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped and oxidase- and catalase-positive. The predominant respiratory lipoquinone was ubiquinone-8. The major fatty acids were branched-chain saturated iso-C(15 : 0) (26.2 %) and unsaturated iso-C(17 : 1)omega9c (26.0 %). The DNA G+C content was 67.6 mol%. On the basis of several phenotypic characteristics, strain FR1330(T) could be differentiated from Luteimonas composti and Luteimonas mephitis. The data obtained from the polyphasic study demonstrated clearly that strain FR1330(T) represents a novel species of the genus Luteimonas. The name Luteimonas marina sp. nov. is proposed, with strain FR1330(T) (=KCTC 12327(T)=JCM 12488(T)=IMSNU 60306(T)) as the type strain. PMID:19060080

Baik, Keun Sik; Park, Seong Chan; Kim, Mi Sun; Kim, Eun Mi; Park, Chul; Chun, Jongsik; Seong, Chi Nam

2008-12-01

155

Campylobacter iguaniorum sp. nov., isolated from reptiles.  

PubMed

During sampling of reptiles for members of the class Epsilonproteobacteria, strains representing a member of the genus Campylobacter not belonging to any of the established taxa were isolated from lizards and chelonians. Initial amplified fragment length polymorphism, PCR and 16S rRNA sequence analysis showed that these strains were most closely related to Campylobacter fetus and Campylobacter hyointestinalis. A polyphasic study was undertaken to determine the taxonomic position of five strains. The strains were characterized by 16S rRNA and atpA sequence analysis, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry and conventional phenotypic testing. Whole-genome sequences were determined for strains 1485E(T) and 2463D, and the average nucleotide and amino acid identities were determined for these strains. The strains formed a robust phylogenetic clade, divergent from all other species of the genus Campylobacter. In contrast to most currently known members of the genus Campylobacter, the strains showed growth at ambient temperatures, which might be an adaptation to their reptilian hosts. The results of this study clearly show that these strains isolated from reptiles represent a novel species within the genus Campylobacter, for which the name Campylobacter iguaniorum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 1485E(T) (?=?LMG 28143(T)?=?CCUG 66346(T)). PMID:25574036

Gilbert, Maarten J; Kik, Marja; Miller, William G; Duim, Birgitta; Wagenaar, Jaap A

2015-03-01

156

Streptomyces catbensis sp. nov., isolated from soil.  

PubMed

Strain VN07A0015(T) was isolated from soil collected on Cat Ba Island, Vietnam. The taxonomic position of strain VN07A0015(T) was near Streptomyces aomiensis M24DS4(T) (98.5% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) and Streptomyces scabrisporus NBRC 100760(T) (95.6%), and it clustered within them; however, this cluster was distant from the type strains of other species of the genus Streptomyces. The aerial mycelia of strain VN07A0015(T) were greyish and formed imperfect spiral spore chains (retinaculiaperti type) with smooth-surfaced spores. The morphological features of strain VN07A0015(T) were different from those of the type strains of S. aomiensis and S. scabrisporus. The chemotaxonomic characteristics of strain VN07A0015(T) were typical for all members of the genus Streptomyces, which possessed ll-type diaminopimelic acid, menaquinone MK-9(H6, H8) and the major fatty acids iso-C(16?:?0) and iso-C(15?:?0). DNA-DNA relatedness between strain VN07A0015(T) and S. aomiensis NBRC 106164(T) was less than 30%. In addition, some physiological and biochemical traits differed from those of S. aomiensis. Therefore, we propose that strain VN07A0015(T) be classified in the genus Streptomyces as a representative of Streptomyces catbensis sp. nov. (type strain VN07A0015(T)?=?VTCC-A-1889(T)?=?NBRC 107860(T)). PMID:24699065

Sakiyama, Yayoi; Giang, Nguyen M; Miyadoh, Shinji; Luong, Dao Thi; Hop, Duong Van; Ando, Katsuhiko

2014-06-01

157

Lactobacillus oeni sp. nov., from wine.  

PubMed

Ten Lactobacillus strains, previously isolated from different Bobal grape wines from the Utiel-Requena Origin Denomination of Spain, were characterized phylogenetically, genotypically and phenotypically. The 16S rRNA genes were sequenced and phylogenetic analysis showed that they form a tight phylogenetic clade that is closely related to reference strains Lactobacillus satsumensis NRIC 0604T, 'Lactobacillus uvarum' 8 and Lactobacillus mali DSM 20444T. DNA-DNA hybridization results confirmed the separation of the strains from other Lactobacillus species. Genotypically, the strains could be differentiated from their closest neighbours by 16S amplified rDNA restriction analysis and random amplified polymorphic DNA patterns. The strains were Gram-staining-positive, facultatively anaerobic rods that did not exhibit catalase activity. Phenotypically, they could be distinguished from their closest relatives by several traits such as their inabilities to grow at pH 3.3, to ferment sucrose, amygdalin and arbutin or to hydrolyse aesculin. The characteristics of the ten wine isolates suggest that they represent a novel species, for which the name Lactobacillus oeni sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 59bT (=CECT 7334T=DSM 19972T). PMID:19567555

Mañes-Lázaro, Rosario; Ferrer, Sergi; Rosselló-Mora, Ramón; Pardo, Isabel

2009-08-01

158

Respiration patterns of resting wasps (Vespula sp.)  

PubMed Central

We investigated the respiration patterns of wasps (Vespula sp.) in their viable temperature range (2.9–42.4 °C) by measuring CO2 production and locomotor and endothermic activity. Wasps showed cycles of an interburst–burst type at low ambient temperatures (Ta < 5 °C) or typical discontinuous gas exchange patterns with closed, flutter and open phases. At high Ta of >31 °C, CO2 emission became cyclic. With rising Ta they enhanced CO2-emission primarily by an exponential increase in respiration frequency, from 2.6 mHz at 4.7 °C to 74 mHz at 39.7 °C. In the same range of Ta CO2 release per cycle decreased from 38.9 to 26.4 ?l g?1 cycle?1. A comparison of wasps with other insects showed that they are among the insects with a low respiratory frequency at a given resting metabolic rate (RMR), and a relatively flat increase of respiratory frequency with RMR. CO2 emission was always accompanied by abdominal respiration movements in all open phases and in 71.4% of the flutter phases, often accompanied by body movements. Results suggest that resting wasps gain their highly efficient gas exchange to a considerable extent via the length and type of respiration movements. PMID:23399474

Käfer, Helmut; Kovac, Helmut; Stabentheiner, Anton

2013-01-01

159

Preliminary SP-100/Stirling heat exchanger designs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Analytic modeling of several heat exchanger concepts to couple the SP-100 nuclear reactor primary lithium loop and the Space Stirling Power Convertor (SSPC) was performed. Four 25 kWe SSPC's are used to produce the required 100 kW of electrical power. This design work focused on the interface between a single SSPC and the primary lithium loop. Manifolding to separate and collect the four channel flow was not modeled. This work modeled two separate types of heat exchanger interfaces (conductive coupling and radiative coupling) to explore their relative advantages and disadvantages. The minimum mass design of the conductively coupled concepts was 18 kg or 0.73 kg/kWe for a single 25 kWe convertor. The minimum mass radiatively coupled concept was 41 kg or 1.64 kg/kWe. The direct conduction heat exchanger provides a lighter weight system because of its ability to operate the Stirling convertor evaporator at higher heat fluxes than those attainable by the radiatively coupled systems. Additionally the conductively coupled concepts had relatively small volumes and provide potentially simpler assembly. Their disadvantages were the tight tolerances and material joining problems associated with this refractory to superalloy interface. The advantages of the radiatively coupled designs were the minimal material interface problems.

Schmitz, Paul; Tower, Leonard; Dawson, Ronald; Blue, Brian; Dunn, Pat

1993-01-01

160

Blastocystis sp. from food animals in India.  

PubMed

Blastocystis, a zoonotic protozoan found in the intestinal tracts of a wide range of animals, has not been reported from non-human hosts from India so far. Organisms indistinguishable from Blastocystis sp. were identified in the Giemsa stained intestinal scrapings collected from carcasses of piglet and poultry that were brought for necropsy to the Central University Laboratory, Chennai. The 'central vacuole forms' of the parasite, with number of nuclei ranging from 1 to 12 were identified. The intensity of infection was low, with less than one organism per oil immersion field, indicating that their presence was unconnected to the cause of death. Caecal scraping was found to be more ideal than duodenal scraping for the diagnosis of Blastocystis, and can be a potential specimen for definitive diagnosis. Identical organisms were also detected in the dung samples of a buffalo calf which showed clinical signs of diarrhoea The presence of Blastocystis in food animals acquires public health significance, as many subtypes of the parasite from poultry and pigs are transmissible to humans. PMID:25320500

Sreekumar, C; Selvaraj, J; Gomathinayagam, S; Thangapandiyan, M; Ravikumar, G; Roy, Parimal; Balachandran, C

2014-12-01

161

Planobispora takensis sp. nov., isolated from soil.  

PubMed

A novel Gram-stain-positive, filamentous bacterial strain (A-T 7458(T)) was isolated from soil collected from hill evergreen forest in Thailand. The strain developed cylindrical sporangia containing a longitudinal pair of motile spores, on short ramifications of aerial mycelia. From a taxonomic study using a polyphasic approach, strain A-T 7458(T) had typical characteristics of members of the genus Planobispora. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the isolate was closely related to Planobispora siamensis A-T 4600(T) (98.5?%), Planobispora rosea JCM 3166(T) (97.6?%) and Planobispora longispora NBRC 13918(T) (97.6?%). The DNA-DNA relatedness values, which differentiated the novel strain from the closest species, were significantly below 70?%. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid. The whole-cell sugars contained ribose, madurose, mannose and glucose. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H2). The diagnostic phospholipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol-mannoside and aminophosphoglycolipid. The predominant cellular fatty acids were unsaturated C17?:?1 and C18?:?1, and saturated C16?:?0 and C17?:?0. Following an evaluation of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic characteristics, the novel isolate is proposed to represent a novel species of the genus Planobispora, to be named Planobispora takensis sp. nov. The type strain is A-T 7458(T) (?=?BCC 48396(T)?=?NBRC 109077(T)). PMID:24408527

Ngaemthao, Wipaporn; Suriyachadkun, Chanwit; Chunhametha, Suwanee; Niemhom, Nantawan; Thawai, Chitti; Sanglier, Jean-Jacques

2014-04-01

162

Oceanobacillus luteolus sp. nov., isolated from soil.  

PubMed

Two Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped and endospore-forming bacteria, designated WM-1T and WM-4, were isolated from a paddy soil and a forest soil, respectively, in South China. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses showed that both strains were members of the genus Oceanobacillus and most closely related to Oceanobacillus chironomi LMG 23627T with pairwise sequence similarity of 96.0%. The isolates contained menaquinone-7 (MK-7) as the respiratory quinone and anteiso-C15:0, anteiso-C17:0 and iso-C15:0 as the major fatty acids (>10%). Polar lipids consisted of a predominance of diphosphatidylglycerol and moderate to minor amounts of phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid. The DNA G+C content was 38.6-39.2 mol%. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain WM-1T displayed 99.7?% similarity to that of strain WM-4, and DNA-DNA hybridization between the two strains showed a relatedness value of 91?%. Based on the results of this polyphasic study, strains WM-1T and WM-4 represent a novel species in the genus Oceanobacillus, for which the name Oceanobacillus luteolus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is WM-1T (=KCTC 33119T=CGMCC 1.12406T). PMID:24453233

Wu, Min; Yang, Guiqin; Yu, Zhen; Zhuang, Li; Jin, Yingqiang; Zhou, Shungui

2014-05-01

163

Nonomuraea muscovyensis sp. nov., isolated from soil.  

PubMed

A novel actinomycete, strain FMN03(T), was isolated from a soil sample collected from Yuga Zapadnaya South-West Forest Park, Moscow, Russia. The isolate had chemical and morphological properties typical of members of the genus Nonomuraea and formed a distinct 16S rRNA gene subclade with the type strains Nonomuraea roseoviolacea subsp. carminata NBRC 15903(T) and Nonomuraea roseoviolacea subsp. roseoviolacea NBRC 14098(T). The organism formed extensively branched substrate and aerial hyphae, which generated spiral chains of spores with smooth surfaces. The cell wall contained meso-diaminopimelic acid and the whole cell sugars were glucose, galactose and trace amounts of madurose, mannose and xylose. The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, hydroxyphosphatidylethanolamine, four unidentified phospholipids, four unidentified glycolipids and one unidentified lipid. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H4). The major fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0 2-OH, C17 : 0 10-methyl, C17 : 1 cis9 and iso-C16 : 0. Analyses of its morphological, physiological and biochemical characteristics, together with DNA-DNA relatedness data, confirmed that strain FMN03(T) is a representative of a novel species of the genus Nonomuraea, which is distinct from closely related reference strains. Strain FMN03(T) (?= DSM 45913(T)?= KCTC 29233(T)) is proposed as the type strain of a novel species, for which the name Nonomuraea muscovyensis sp. nov. is proposed. PMID:24801152

Ozdemir-Kocak, Fadime; Isik, Kamil; Veyisoglu, Aysel; Tatar, Demet; Sahin, Nevzat

2014-07-01

164

Users guide for the ANL IBM SP1  

SciTech Connect

This guide presents the features of the IBM SP1 installed in the Mathematics and Computer Science Division at Argonne National Laboratory. The guide describes the available hardware and software, access policies, and hints for using the system productively.

Gropp, W.; Lusk, E.; Pieper, S.C.

1994-10-01

165

Geobacter uraniireducens sp. nov., isolated from subsurface sediment undergoing uranium  

E-print Network

Geobacter uraniireducens sp. nov., isolated from subsurface sediment undergoing uranium with acetate oxidation, was isolated from subsurface sediment undergoing uranium bioremediation. The 16S r was to recover an environmentally relevant Geobacter strain from subsurface sediments undergoing in situ uranium

Lovley, Derek

166

Les ganodermes (Ganoderma sp.) Ganoderma adspersum (Schulz.) Donk  

E-print Network

Les ganodermes (Ganoderma sp.) Ganoderma adspersum (Schulz.) Donk Ordre : Ganodermales Famille conjonctives brunes à parois épaisses, r P induit une pou #12;Le ganoderme aplani Ganoderma lipsiense (Batsch

Chamroukhi, Faicel

167

'PROCTOECES' SP. (TREMATODA: DIGENEA) IN THE AMERICAN OYSTER, 'CRASSOSTREA VIRGINICA'  

EPA Science Inventory

Histological examination of over 6,000 oysters, Crassostrea virginica, inhabiting northern Gulf Coast estuaries revealed unencysted junvenile and possible adult stages of digenetic trematode, Proctoeces sp., inhabiting the gonadal ducts of the mollusc. The morphology of the worm ...

168

Launch vehicle integration requirements for SP-100. Technical information report  

SciTech Connect

SP-100 is the designation for a nuclear reactor-based power plant being developed for both civil and military missions beginning in the 1990s for such potential space applications as communication satellites, space radar, electric propulsion and space stations. Typically, a system using the SP-100 along with a selected upper stage system would be launched by the National Space Transportation System (NSTS) Space Shuttle System into a near-earth orbit, deployed, and through upper stage propulsion burn(s) be inserted/transferred to its mission orbit. The nature of the advanced design SP-100 payloads using this power plant are physically and functionally compatible with the NSTS and meet the safety requirements thereof. The purpose of this document is to define and present the requirements and interface provisions that, when satisfied, will ensure technical compatibility between SP-100 systems and the NSTS.

Shaw, L.T. Jr.; Womack, J.R.

1984-03-01

169

Epimeria rafaeli sp. nov. (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Epimeriidae) from Western Australia.  

PubMed

Members of the family Epimeriidae are reported in Australian waters for the first time and Epimeria rafaeli sp. nov. is described from deep water just south of the Abrolhos Island, Western Australia. PMID:25544218

Coleman, Charles Oliver; Lowry, James K

2014-01-01

170

Environmental interactions and the SP-100 power system  

SciTech Connect

The Civil Space Technology Initiative High-Capacity-Power Environmental Interactions Program has made great progress in defining and evaluating the interactions of the SP-100 power system with its expected ambient environments. The NASCAP/LEO and POLAR computer codes demonstrated that local electric fields at the user interface module are high. Therefore, particular attention must be paid to geometries and materials in this region to prevent arcing at conductor-insulator junctions in low Earth orbit. NASCAP/LEO and EPSAT computer models revealed that SP-100 payloads float about 100 V negative of the LEO plasma. In addition, ground tests and modeling done for the Space Station Freedom Electrical Grounding Tiger Team found that dielectric coatings often break down at such voltages in a plasma. Thus, surface coatings for SP-100 payloads should be carefully selected. Sputtering may also be a concern for long-duration missions in LEO at these voltages. Much work has been done on a sputtering model to evaluate surface material loss rates on SP-100 payloads. In ground plasma chamber tests of cables and cable insulators at SP-100 voltages, parasitic power losses due to the plasma current collected from possible pinholes or coating defects were quantified and shown to be small. Modeling revealed that the power loss from currents to other surfaces is also small. The atomic oxygen durability of SP-100 materials and coatings continues to be investigated in ground tests. In the upcoming Evaluation of Oxygen Interaction with Materials (EOIM-3) Shuttle flight experiment, a host of SP-100 materials will be evaluated for atomic oxygen durability in LEO. Finally, an evaluation of the interactions of the SP-100 power system with lunar and planetary environments has started. At a workshop on chemical and electrical interactions on Mars recently held at the NASA Lewis Research Center, many of primary interactions were identified.

Ferguson, D.C.

1993-01-01

171

Vanadium-Catalyzed C(sp3 )H Fluorination Reactions  

E-print Network

S1 Vanadium-Catalyzed C(sp3 )­H Fluorination Reactions Ji-Bao Xia, Yuyong Ma, and Chuo Chen. Vanadium(III) Oxide (95%) was purchased from Strem Chemicals Inc. Fluorobenzene (99.5%) was purchased from procedure for the V2O3-catalyzed C(sp3 )­H fluorination reaction. To a 4 mL clear vial charged with vanadium

Chen, Chuo

172

Diversity of culturable actinobacteria isolated from marine sponge Haliclona sp  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes actinobacteria isolated from the marine sponge Haliclona sp. collected in shallow water of the South China Sea. A total of 54 actinobacteria were isolated using media selective for actinobacteria.\\u000a Species diversity and natural product diversity of isolates from marine sponge Haliclona sp. were analysed. Twenty-four isolates were selected on the basis of their morphology on different media

Shumei Jiang; Wei Sun; Minjie Chen; Shikun Dai; Long Zhang; Yonghong Liu; Kyung Jin Lee; Xiang Li

2007-01-01

173

The SP Theory and the Representation and Processing of Knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter describes an approach to the representation and processing of knowledge, based on the SP theory of computing\\u000a and cognition. This approach has strengths that complement others such as those currently proposed for the Semantic Web. The\\u000a benefits of the SP approach are simplicity and comprehensibility in the representation of knowledge, an ability to cope with\\u000a errors and uncertainties

J. Gerard Wolff

174

Eustrongylides sp. epizootic in young common egrets (Casmerodius albus)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In May 1985, epizootic mortality was reported in common egrets (Casmerodius albus) on Avery Island, Louisiana. Subsequent investigation revealed that more than 400 birds died. Severe peritoneal nematodiasis (Eustrongylides sp.) was found on postmortem examination. A nearby breeding rookery on the same island was apparently unaffected. Reasons for this selective mortality are presented. Three other reports of epizootic mortality due to Eustrongylides sp. have been reported. This is the first report of this type of epizootic in gulf-coast birds.

Roffe, Thomas J.

1988-01-01

175

Sarcocystis sp. in the eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus).  

PubMed

Sarcocystis sp. was observed in 100 of 185 (54.1%) Eastern cottontails (Sylvilagus floridanus) examined in Pennsylvania over a three year period. Gross and histologic examination commonly revealed cysts in skeletal muscle of the fore and hind legs, flanks and loins. Two rabbits had cysts in esophageal skeletal muscle. Host response to Sarcocystis sp. is described. Adult rabbits had a significantly greater rate of infection (69.3%) than juveniles (20.7%) (P less than 0.01). PMID:6808158

Cosgrove, M; Wiggins, J P; Rothenbacher, H

1982-01-01

176

Lethrus (Lethrus) schneideri sp. n. (Coleoptera, Geotrupidae) from Greece  

PubMed Central

Abstract Lethrus (Lethrus) schneideri Král & Hillert, sp. n. from Thrace, Greece, is described. The new species is morphologically most similar and probably closely related to Lethrus (Lethrus) apterus (Laxmann, 1770) and Lethrus (Lethrus) ares Král, Rejsek & Schneider, 2001. Diagnostic characters (shape of mandibles, ventral mandible processes, pronotum and parameres) are illustrated. Character matrix for separation of males of the Lethrus species closely related to Lethrus schneideri Král & Hillert, sp. n. and geographic ranges for all species studied are mapped. PMID:24146588

Král, David; Hillert, Oliver; Drožová, Dana; Šípek, Petr

2013-01-01

177

SP8 regulates signaling centers during craniofacial development  

PubMed Central

Much of the bone, cartilage and smooth muscle of the vertebrate face is derived from neural crest (NC) cells. During craniofacial development, the anterior neural ridge (ANR) and olfactory pit (OP) signaling centers are responsible for driving the outgrowth, survival, and differentiation of NC populated facial prominences, primarily via FGF. While much is known about the functional importance of signaling centers, relatively little is understood of how these signaling centers are made and maintained. In this report we describe a dramatic craniofacial malformation in mice mutant for the zinc finger transcription factor gene Sp8. At E14.5 they show facial prominences that are reduced in size and underdeveloped, giving an almost faceless phenotype. At later times they show severe midline defects, excencephaly, hyperterlorism, cleft palate, and a striking loss of many NC and paraxial mesoderm derived cranial bones. Sp8 expression was primarily restricted to the ANR and OP regions during craniofacial development. Analysis of an extensive series of conditional Sp8 mutants confirmed the critical role of Sp8 in signaling centers, and not directly in the NC and paraxial mesoderm cells. The NC cells of the Sp8 mutants showed increased levels of apoptosis and decreased cell proliferation, thereby explaining the reduced sizes of the facial prominences. Perturbed gene expression in the Sp8 mutants was examined by laser capture microdissection coupled with microarrays, as well as in situ hybridization and immunostaining. The most dramatic differences included striking reductions in Fgf8 and Fgf17 expression in the ANR and OP signaling centers. We were also able to achieve genetic and pharmaceutical partial rescue of the Sp8 mutant phenotype by reducing Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) signaling. These results show that Sp8 primarily functions to promote Fgf expression in the ANR and OP signaling centers that drive the survival, proliferation, and differentiation of the NC and paraxial mesoderm that make the face. PMID:23872235

Kasberg, Abigail D.; Brunskill, Eric W.; Potter, S. Steven

2014-01-01

178

SP8 regulates signaling centers during craniofacial development.  

PubMed

Much of the bone, cartilage and smooth muscle of the vertebrate face is derived from neural crest (NC) cells. During craniofacial development, the anterior neural ridge (ANR) and olfactory pit (OP) signaling centers are responsible for driving the outgrowth, survival, and differentiation of NC populated facial prominences, primarily via FGF. While much is known about the functional importance of signaling centers, relatively little is understood of how these signaling centers are made and maintained. In this report we describe a dramatic craniofacial malformation in mice mutant for the zinc finger transcription factor gene Sp8. At E14.5 they show facial prominences that are reduced in size and underdeveloped, giving an almost faceless phenotype. At later times they show severe midline defects, excencephaly, hyperterlorism, cleft palate, and a striking loss of many NC and paraxial mesoderm derived cranial bones. Sp8 expression was primarily restricted to the ANR and OP regions during craniofacial development. Analysis of an extensive series of conditional Sp8 mutants confirmed the critical role of Sp8 in signaling centers, and not directly in the NC and paraxial mesoderm cells. The NC cells of the Sp8 mutants showed increased levels of apoptosis and decreased cell proliferation, thereby explaining the reduced sizes of the facial prominences. Perturbed gene expression in the Sp8 mutants was examined by laser capture microdissection coupled with microarrays, as well as in situ hybridization and immunostaining. The most dramatic differences included striking reductions in Fgf8 and Fgf17 expression in the ANR and OP signaling centers. We were also able to achieve genetic and pharmaceutical partial rescue of the Sp8 mutant phenotype by reducing Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) signaling. These results show that Sp8 primarily functions to promote Fgf expression in the ANR and OP signaling centers that drive the survival, proliferation, and differentiation of the NC and paraxial mesoderm that make the face. PMID:23872235

Kasberg, Abigail D; Brunskill, Eric W; Steven Potter, S

2013-09-15

179

Stability of AdSp×Mq compactifications without supersymmetry  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the stability of Freund-Rubin compactifications, AdSp×Mq, of (p+q)-dimensional gravity theories with a q-form field strength and no cosmological term. We show that the general AdSp×Sq vacuum is classically stable against small fluctuations, in the sense that all modes satisfy the Breitenlohner-Freedman bound. In particular, the compactifications used in the recent discussion of the proposed bosonic M theory are

Oliver Dewolfe; Daniel Z. Freedman; Steven S. Gubser; Gary T. Horowitz; Indrajit Mitra

2002-01-01

180

Morphologic and molecular characterization of new Cyclospora species from Ethiopian monkeys: C. cercopitheci sp.n., C. colobi sp.n., and C. papionis sp.n.  

PubMed Central

In recent years, human cyclosporiasis has emerged as an important infection, with large outbreaks in the United States and Canada. Understanding the biology and epidemiology of Cyclospora has been difficult and slow and has been complicated by not knowing the pathogen s origins, animal reservoirs (if any), and relationship to other coccidian parasites. This report provides morphologic and molecular characterization of three parasites isolated from primates and names each isolate: Cyclospora cercopitheci sp.n. for a species recovered from green monkeys, C. colobi sp.n. for a parasite from colobus monkeys, and C. papionis sp.n. for a species infecting baboons. These species, plus C. cayetanensis, which infects humans, increase to four the recognized species of Cyclospora infecting primates. These four species group homogeneously as a single branch intermediate between avian and mammalian Eimeria. Results of our analysis contribute toward clarification of the taxonomic position of Cyclospora and its relationship to other coccidian parasites. PMID:10511521

Eberhard, M. L.; da Silva, A. J.; Lilley, B. G.; Pieniazek, N. J.

1999-01-01

181

J. Phycol. 38, 971982 (2002) FIELD ASSAYS FOR MEASURING NITRATE REDUCTASE ACTIVITY IN ENTEROMORPHA SP.  

E-print Network

.g. tissue metabolite levels) on nitrate reduction. Key index words: Enteromorpha sp.; estuary; Gelidium sp971 J. Phycol. 38, 971­982 (2002) FIELD ASSAYS FOR MEASURING NITRATE REDUCTASE ACTIVITY nitrate reductase (NR) activity assays designed for use in the field on Enteromorpha sp., Ulva sp

Sherman, Tim

182

The astaxanthin dideoxyglycoside biosynthesis pathway in Sphingomonas sp. PB304.  

PubMed

A major carotenoid in Sphingomonas sp. PB304, originally isolated from a river in Daejon City, South Korea, was identified as astaxanthin dideoxyglycoside. Gene clusters encoding the astaxanthin dideoxyglycoside biosynthetic enzymes were identified by screening Sphingomonas sp. PB304 fosmid libraries using degenerate probes that harbor highly conserved sequences from the Sphigomonas elodea-derived crtI and Nostoc sp. PCC 7120-dervied crtW genes. Selected positive gene clusters were fully sequenced and annotated, revealing genes encoding six putative carotenogenic enzymes: phytoene synthase (CrtB), phytoene desaturase (CrtI), lycopene cyclase (CrtY), carotene hydroxylase (CrtZ), carotene ketolase (CrtW), and glycosyltransferase (CrtX). All of the carotenogenic enzymes, except for CrtX, were functional in the recombinant host Escherichia coli expressing synthetic carotenogenic modules from Pantoea agglomerans. CrtX did not take up UDP-glucose or GDP-fucose as sugar substrates during the in vitro reaction. Although no direct experimental evidence was obtained for the function of Sphingomonas sp. PB304 CrtX, it can be categorized as a putative deoxyglycosyltransferase based on the presence of astaxanthin dideoxyglycoside in Sphingomonas sp. PB304, a putative corresponding gene in the carotenoid biosynthetic gene cluster, and high amino acid sequence homology to the existing glycosyltransferases. Therefore, we propose that astaxanthin dideoxyglycoside can be synthesized in Sphingomonas sp. PB304 via sequential reactions of six pathway enzymes, including CrtX on the phytoene intermediate. PMID:25193422

Kim, Se Hyeuk; Kim, Jin Ho; Lee, Bun Yeol; Lee, Pyung Cheon

2014-12-01

183

Evidence for cooperative mineralization of diuron by Arthrobacter sp. BS2 and Achromobacter sp. SP1 isolated from a mixed culture enriched from diuron exposed environments.  

PubMed

Diuron was found to be mineralized in buffer strip soil (BS) and in the sediments (SED) of the Morcille river in the Beaujolais vineyard repeatedly treated with this herbicide. Enrichment cultures from BS and SED samples led to the isolation of three bacterial strains transforming diuron to 3,4-dichloroaniline (3,4-DCA) its aniline derivative. 16S rRNA sequencing revealed that they belonged to the genus Arthrobacter (99% of similarity to Arthrobacter globiformis strain K01-01) and were designated as Arthrobacter sp. BS1, BS2 and SED1. Diuron-degrading potential characterized by sequencing of the puhA gene, characterizing the diuron-degradaing potential, revealed 99% similarity to A. globiformis strain D47 puhA gene isolated a decade ago in the UK. These isolates were also able to use chlorotoluron for their growth. Although able to degrade linuron and monolinuron to related aniline derivatives they were not growing on them. Enrichment cultures led to the isolation of a strain from the sediments entirely degrading 3,4-DCA. 16S rRNA sequence analysis showed that it was affiliated to the genus Achromobacter (99% of similarity to Achromobacter sp. CH1) and was designated as Achromobacter sp. SP1. The dcaQ gene encoding enzyme responsible for the transformation of 3,4-DCA to chlorocatechol was found in SP1 with 99% similarity to that of Comamonas testosteroni WDL7. This isolate also used for its growth a range of anilines (3-chloro-4-methyl-aniline, 4-isopropylaniline, 4-chloroaniline, 3-chloroaniline, 4-bromoaniline). The mixed culture composed of BS2 and SP1 strains entirely mineralizes (14)C-diuron to (14)CO2. Diuron-mineralization observed in the enrichment culture could result from the metabolic cooperation between these two populations. PMID:25061887

Devers-Lamrani, Marion; Pesce, Stéphane; Rouard, Nadine; Martin-Laurent, Fabrice

2014-12-01

184

Pin1-mediated Sp1 phosphorylation by CDK1 increases Sp1 stability and decreases its DNA-binding activity during mitosis.  

PubMed

We have shown that Sp1 phosphorylation at Thr739 decreases its DNA-binding activity. In this study, we found that phosphorylation of Sp1 at Thr739 alone is necessary, but not sufficient for the inhibition of its DNA-binding activity during mitosis. We demonstrated that Pin1 could be recruited to the Thr739(p)-Pro motif of Sp1 to modulate the interaction between phospho-Sp1 and CDK1, thereby facilitating CDK1-mediated phosphorylation of Sp1 at Ser720, Thr723 and Thr737 during mitosis. Loss of the C-terminal end of Sp1 (amino acids 741-785) significantly increased Sp1 phosphorylation, implying that the C-terminus inhibits CDK1-mediated Sp1 phosphorylation. Binding analysis of Sp1 peptides to Pin1 by isothermal titration calorimetry indicated that Pin1 interacts with Thr739(p)-Sp1 peptide but not with Thr739-Sp1 peptide. X-ray crystallography data showed that the Thr739(p)-Sp1 peptide occupies the active site of Pin1. Increased Sp1 phosphorylation by CDK1 during mitosis not only stabilized Sp1 levels by decreasing interaction with ubiquitin E3-ligase RNF4 but also caused Sp1 to move out of the chromosomes completely by decreasing its DNA-binding activity, thereby facilitating cell cycle progression. Thus, Pin1-mediated conformational changes in the C-terminal region of Sp1 are critical for increased CDK1-mediated Sp1 phosphorylation to facilitate cell cycle progression during mitosis. PMID:25398907

Yang, Hang-Che; Chuang, Jian-Ying; Jeng, Wen-Yih; Liu, Chia-I; Wang, Andrew H-J; Lu, Pei-Jung; Chang, Wen-Chang; Hung, Jan-Jong

2014-12-16

185

Characterization of a bioflocculant produced by a consortium of Halomonas sp. Okoh and Micrococcus sp. Leo.  

PubMed

The physicochemical and flocculating properties of a bioflocculant produced by a bacterial consortium composed of Halomonas sp. Okoh and Micrococcus sp. Leo were investigated. The purified bioflocculant was cation and pH dependent, and optimally flocculated kaolin clay suspension at a dosage of 0.1 mg/mL. The flocculating activity of the bioflocculant was stimulated in the presence of Ca2+, Mn2+, Al3+ and had a wide pH range of 2-10, with the highest flocculating activity of 86% at pH 8. The bioflocculant was thermostable and retained more than 70% of its flocculating activity after being heated at 80 °C for 30 min. Thermogravimetric analyses revealed a partial thermal decomposition of the biofloculant at 400 °C. The infrared spectrum showed the presence of hydroxyl, carboxyl and amino moieties as functional groups. The bioflocculant produced by the bacterial consortium appears to hold promising alternative to inorganic and synthetic organic flocculants that are widely used in wastewater treatment. PMID:24135818

Okaiyeto, Kunle; Nwodo, Uchechukwu U; Mabinya, Leonard V; Okoh, Anthony I

2013-10-01

186

Listeria booriae sp. nov. and Listeria newyorkensis sp. nov., from food processing environments in the USA.  

PubMed

Sampling of seafood and dairy processing facilities in the north-eastern USA produced 18 isolates of Listeria spp. that could not be identified at the species-level using traditional phenotypic and genotypic identification methods. Results of phenotypic and genotypic analyses suggested that the isolates represent two novel species with an average nucleotide blast identity of less than 92% with previously described species of the genus Listeria. Phylogenetic analyses based on whole genome sequences, 16S rRNA gene and sigB gene sequences confirmed that the isolates represented by type strain FSL M6-0635(T) and FSL A5-0209 cluster phylogenetically with Listeria cornellensis. Phylogenetic analyses also showed that the isolates represented by type strain FSL A5-0281(T) cluster phylogenetically with Listeria riparia. The name Listeria booriae sp. nov. is proposed for the species represented by type strain FSL A5-0281(T) (?=DSM 28860(T)?=LMG 28311(T)), and the name Listeria newyorkensis sp. nov. is proposed for the species represented by type strain FSL M6-0635(T) (?=DSM 28861(T)?=LMG 28310(T)). Phenotypic and genotypic analyses suggest that neither species is pathogenic. PMID:25342111

Weller, Daniel; Andrus, Alexis; Wiedmann, Martin; den Bakker, Henk C

2015-01-01

187

Naxibacter varians sp. nov. and Naxibacter haematophilus sp. nov., and emended description of the genus Naxibacter.  

PubMed

Six Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming bacteria isolated from clinical specimens and water samples were investigated for their taxonomic allocation. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, these strains (CCUG 35299(T), CCUG 24677A, CCUG 48018, CCUG 49054, CCUG 48700A and CCUG 38318(T)) were shown to belong to the Betaproteobacteria, closely related to Naxibacter alkalitolerans (97.9-98.8 % sequence similarity to the type strain). Chemotaxonomic data (major ubiquinone Q-8; major polyamines hydroxyputrescine and putrescine; major polar lipids phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol; major fatty acids C(16 : 1)omega7c and C(16 : 0), with 3-OH C(10 : 0) and 2-OH C(12 : 0) as hydroxylated fatty acids) supported the affiliation of the isolates to the genus Naxibacter. The results of DNA-DNA hybridization and physiological and biochemical tests allowed both genotypic and phenotypic differentiation of the isolates from the described Naxibacter species. Isolates CCUG 35299(T), CCUG 24677A, CCUG 48018, CCUG 49054 and CCUG 48700A were closely related on the basis of DNA-DNA reassociation experiments and therefore represent a single novel species, for which the name Naxibacter varians sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain CCUG 35299(T) (=CCM 7478(T)). Strain CCUG 38318(T) represents a second novel Naxibacter species, for which we propose the name Naxibacter haematophilus sp. nov. (type strain CCUG 38318(T) =CCM 7480(T)). PMID:18599716

Kämpfer, Peter; Falsen, Enevold; Busse, Hans-Jürgen

2008-07-01

188

Pseudomonas salomonii sp. nov., pathogenic on garlic, and Pseudomonas palleroniana sp. nov., isolated from rice.  

PubMed

A total of 26 strains, including 15 strains isolated from garlic plants with the typical symptoms of 'Café au lait' disease and 11 strains isolated from diseased or healthy rice seeds and sheaths infested by Pseudomonas fuscovaginae, were compared with 70 type or reference strains of oxidase-positive pathogenic or non-pathogenic fluorescent pseudomonads. The strains were characterized by using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Numerical taxonomy of phenotypic characteristics showed that the garlic and rice strains were related to each other. However, they clustered into separate phenons, distinct from those of the other strains tested, and were different in several nutritional tests. On the basis of DNA-DNA hybridization, the garlic and rice strains constituted two distinct DNA hybridization groups, indicating that they belonged to separate species. The two groups of strains were also well differentiated by siderotyping. Garlic strains were pathogenic to garlic plants and either weakly pathogenic or non-pathogenic on rice; rice strains were either weakly pathogenic or non-pathogenic on rice and non-pathogenic on garlic. A phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences confirmed that the two groups of strains belonged to the y-Proteobacteria and to the genus Pseudomonas. The names Pseudomonas salomonii sp. nov. and Pseudomonas palleroniana sp. nov. are respectively proposed for the garlic strains and the rice strains. The type strains are P. salomonii CFBP 2022(T) ( = ICMP 14252(T) = NCPPB 4277(T)) and P. palleroniana CFBP 4389(T) (= ICMP 14253(T) = NCPPB 4278(T)). PMID:12508870

Gardan, Louis; Bella, Patrizia; Meyer, Jean-Marie; Christen, Richard; Rott, Philippe; Achouak, Wafa; Samson, Régine

2002-11-01

189

Serratia myotis sp. nov. and Serratia vespertilionis sp. nov., isolated from bats hibernating in caves.  

PubMed

During the study of bacteria associated with bats affected by white-nose syndrome hibernating in caves in the Czech Republic, we isolated two facultatively anaerobic, Gram-stain-negative bacteria, designated strains 12(T) and 52(T). Strains 12(T) and 52(T) were motile, rod-like bacteria (0.5-0.6 µm in diameter; 1-1.3 µm long), with optimal growth at 20-35 °C and pH 6-8. On the basis of the almost complete sequence of their 16S rRNA genes they should be classified within the genus Serratia; the closest relatives to strains 12(T) and 52(T) were Serratia quinivorans DSM 4597(T) (99.5?% similarity in 16S rRNA gene sequences) and Serratia ficaria DSM 4569(T) (99.5% similarity in 16S rRNA gene sequences), respectively. DNA-DNA relatedness between strain 12(T) and S. quinivorans DSM 4597(T) was only 37.1% and between strain 52(T) and S. ficaria DSM 4569(T) was only 56.2%. Both values are far below the 70% threshold value for species delineation. In view of these data, we propose the inclusion of the two isolates in the genus Serratia as representatives of Serratia myotis sp. nov. (type strain 12(T)?=CECT 8594(T)?=DSM 28726(T)) and Serratia vespertilionis sp. nov. (type strain 52(T)?=CECT 8595(T)?=DSM 28727(T)). PMID:25281728

García-Fraile, P; Chudí?ková, M; Benada, O; Pikula, J; Kola?ík, M

2015-01-01

190

Streptococcus moroccensis sp. nov. and Streptococcus rifensis sp. nov., isolated from raw camel milk.  

PubMed

Two catalase- and oxidase-negative Streptococcus-like strains, LMG 27682(T) and LMG 27684(T), were isolated from raw camel milk in Morocco. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing assigned these bacteria to the genus Streptococcus with Streptococcus rupicaprae 2777-2-07(T) as their closest phylogenetic neighbour (95.9% and 95.7% similarity, respectively). 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between the two strains was 96.7%. Although strains LMG 27682(T) and LMG 27684(T) shared a DNA-DNA hybridization value that corresponded to the threshold level for species delineation (68%), the two strains could be distinguished by multiple biochemical tests, sequence analysis of the phenylalanyl-tRNA synthase (pheS), RNA polymerase (rpoA) and ATP synthase (atpA) genes and by their MALDI-TOF MS profiles. On the basis of these considerable phenotypic and genotypic differences, we propose to classify both strains as novel species of the genus Streptococcus, for which the names Streptococcus moroccensis sp. nov. (type strain, LMG 27682(T) ?= CCMM B831(T)) and Streptococcus rifensis sp. nov. (type strain, LMG 27684(T) ?= CCMM B833(T)) are proposed. PMID:24786712

Kadri, Zaina; Amar, Mohamed; Ouadghiri, Mouna; Cnockaert, Margo; Aerts, Maarten; El Farricha, Omar; Vandamme, Peter

2014-07-01

191

Lactobacillus saniviri sp. nov. and Lactobacillus senioris sp. nov., isolated from human faeces.  

PubMed

Two Gram-stain-positive strains, YIT 12363(T) and YIT 12364(T), were isolated from human faeces. They were rod-shaped, non-motile, asporogenous, facultatively anaerobic and did not exhibit catalase activity. Comparative analyses of 16S rRNA, pheS and rpoA gene sequences demonstrated that the novel strains were members of the genus Lactobacillus. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, the type strains of Lactobacillus casei (95.3% similarity), Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei (95.6%), Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. tolerans (95.3%) and Lactobacillus rhamnosus (95.4%) were the closest neighbours to strain YIT 12363(T). For strain YIT 12364(T), the highest similarity values were observed with the type strains of Lactobacillus diolivorans, Lactobacillus parafarraginis and Lactobacillus rapi (95.8, 96.0 and 96.0%, respectively). Phenotypic and genotypic features demonstrated that these strains each represent a separate novel species of the genus Lactobacillus, and the names Lactobacillus saniviri sp. nov. (type strain YIT 12363(T)=JCM 17471(T)=DSM 24301(T)) and Lactobacillus senioris sp. nov. (type strain YIT 12364(T)=JCM 17472(T)=DSM 24302(T)), respectively, are proposed. PMID:21515698

Oki, Kaihei; Kudo, Yuko; Watanabe, Koichi

2012-03-01

192

Streptococcus loxodontisalivarius sp. nov. and Streptococcus saliviloxodontae sp. nov., isolated from oral cavities of elephants.  

PubMed

Four Gram-stain-positive, catalase-negative, coccoid-shaped organisms were isolated from elephant oral cavities. The isolates were tentatively identified as streptococcal species based on the results of biochemical tests. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing studies confirmed the organisms to be members of the genus Streptococcus. Two isolates (NUM 6304(T) and NUM 6312) were related most closely to Streptococcus salivarius with 96.8?% and 93.1?% similarity based on the 16S rRNA gene and the RNA polymerase ? subunit encoding gene (rpoB), respectively, and to Streptococcus vestibularis with 83.7?% similarity based on the 60 kDa heat-shock protein gene (groEL). The other two isolates (NUM 6306(T) and NUM 6318) were related most closely to S. vestibularis with 97.0?% and 82.9?% similarity based on the 16S rRNA and groEL genes, respectively, and to S. salivarius with 93.5?% similarity based on the rpoB gene. Based on phylogenetic and phenotypic evidence, these isolates are suggested to represent novel species of the genus Streptococcus, for which the names Streptococcus loxodontisalivarius sp. nov. (type strain NUM 6304(T)?=?JCM 19287(T)?=?DSM 27382(T)) and Streptococcus saliviloxodontae sp. nov. (type strain NUM 6306(T)?=?JCM 19288(T)?=?DSM 27513(T)) are proposed. PMID:24994777

Saito, Masanori; Shinozaki-Kuwahara, Noriko; Hirasawa, Masatomo; Takada, Kazuko

2014-09-01

193

Pseudomonas benzenivorans sp. nov. and Pseudomonas saponiphila sp. nov., represented by xenobiotics degrading type strains.  

PubMed

Two strains of gram-negative bacteria isolated because of their abilities to decompose xenobiotic compounds were subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the two strains were found to belong to the genus Pseudomonas. Benzene degrading strain DSM 8628(T) was moderately related to P. flavescens NCPP 3063(T) (98.3% similarity), P. monteilii CIP 104883(T), and P. plecoglossicida FPC 951(T) (98.1%). Strain DSM 9751(T) capable to grow with cetyltrimethylammonium chloride as the sole carbon source showed the highest similarity values with P. tremae CFBP 2341(T) and P. meliae MAFF 301463(T) (98.0%), both related to Pseudomonas syringae. The fatty acid pattern of strain DSM 8628(T) was distinct from patterns of other members of the genus Pseudomonas in combining a high ratio of 3OH-C(12:1) (5.1%), a low ratio of 2OH-C(12:0) (0.2%) and a relatively low ratio of C(18:1)omega7c (23.8%). On the basis of phylogenetic analysis, physiological properties and the composition of whole cell fatty acids, two novel species, Pseudomonas benzenivorans sp. nov. with the type strain DSM 8628(T) (=CIP 109857(T)) and Pseudomonas saponiphila sp. nov. with the type strain DSM 9751(T) (=CIP 109856(T)), are proposed. PMID:19771475

Lang, Elke; Burghartz, Melanie; Spring, Stefan; Swiderski, Jolanthe; Spröer, Cathrin

2010-02-01

194

Novel application of Mahua (Madhuca sp.) flowers for augmented protease production from Aeromonas sp. S1.  

PubMed

The present study explored the utilization of Mahua (Madhuca sp.) flowers, a major non-timber forest product (NTFP) of India, as a low-cost, natural substrate for protease production under submerged fermentation. Bacterial strain Aeromonas sp. Si1, previously reported by us, was used as the protease producer. Using Mahua flower extract (MFE) as the medium additive, the protease production could successfully be enhanced by 5.6-fold (564.5 UmL-1) after 24 h of fermentation under optimized conditions compared with initial production of 99.9 UmL' in the absence of MFE. The cultural parameters for optimum production of protease were determined to be: incubation time-24 h; pH-7.0; MFE concentration-5% (v/v); inoculum size-0.3% (v/v) and agitation rate-200 rpm. The results obtained demonstrate the potential of cheaper and abundantly available Mahua flowers for induction of proteases, and thus offer a new approach for value addition to this biomass through industrial enzyme production. PMID:23157010

Bhattacharya, Amrik; Saini, Vandana; Gupta, Anshu

2012-10-01

195

Aminobacter ciceronei sp. nov. and Aminobacter lissarensis sp. nov., isolated from various terrestrial environments  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The bacterial strains IMB-1T and CC495T, which are capable of growth on methyl chloride (CH3Cl, chloromethane) and methyl bromide (CH3Br, bromomethane), were isolated from agricultural soil in California fumigated with CH3Br, and woodland soil in Northern Ireland, respectively. Two pesticide- /herbicide-degrading bacteria, strains ER2 and C147, were isolated from agricultural soil in Canada. Strain ER2 degrades N-methyl carbamate insecticides, and strain C147 degrades triazine herbicides widely used in agriculture. On the basis of their morphological, physiological and genotypic characteristics, these four strains are considered to represent two novel species of the genus Aminobacter, for which the names Aminobacter ciceronei sp. nov. (type strain IMB-1T=ATCC 202197T=CIP 108660T=CCUG 50580T; strains ER2 and C147) and Aminobacter lissarensis sp. nov. (type strain CC495T=NCIMB 13798T=CIP 108661T=CCUG 50579T) are proposed. ?? 2005 IUMS.

McDonald, I.R.; Kampfer, P.; Topp, E.; Warner, K.L.; Cox, M.J.; Connell, Hancock T.L.; Miller, L.G.; Larkin, M.J.; Ducrocq, V.; Coulter, C.; Harper, D.B.; Murrell, J.C.; Oremland, R.S.

2005-01-01

196

Novosphingobium marinum sp. nov., isolated from seawater.  

PubMed

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, short rod-shaped bacterium, strain LA53(T), was isolated from a deep-sea water sample collected from the eastern Pacific Ocean. Strain LA53(T) grew in the presence of 0-7.0?% (w/v) NaCl and at 15-37 °C; optimum growth was observed with 1.0-2.0?% (w/v) NaCl and at 35 °C. Chemotaxonomic analysis showed ubiquinone-10 as the predominant respiratory quinone, C18?:?1?7c and summed feature 3 (iso-C15?:?0 2-OH and/or C16?:?1?7c) as major fatty acids, and diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and sphingoglycolipid as major polar lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content was 57.7 mol%. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that strain LA53(T) belongs to the genus Novosphingobium. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities between strain LA53(T) and the type strains of species of the genus Novosphingobium with validly published names ranged from 93.1 to 96.3?%. In addition, strain LA53(T) could be differentiated from Novosphingobium pentaromativorans DSM 17173(T) and Novosphingobium indicum DSM 23608(T) as well as the type strain of the type species of the genus, Novosphingobium capsulatum DSM 30196(T), by some phenotypic characteristics, including hydrolysis of substrates, utilization of carbon sources and susceptibility to antibiotics. On the basis of phenotypic and genotypic data, strain LA53(T) represents a novel species within the genus Novosphingobium, for which the name Novosphingobium marinum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LA53(T) (?=?CGMCC 1.12918(T)?=?JCM 30307(T)). PMID:25424486

Huo, Ying-Yi; You, Hong; Li, Zheng-Yang; Wang, Chun-Sheng; Xu, Xue-Wei

2015-02-01

197

Pseudomonas punonensis sp. nov., isolated from straw.  

PubMed

During a study of the 'tunta' (frozen-dry potato) production process in Peru, a bacterial strain, LMT03(T), was isolated from the straw grass in which the potatoes are dried. This strain was classified into the genus Pseudomonas on the basis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, and is most closely related to Pseudomonas argentinensis CH01(T) with 99.3?% identity in this gene and 96?%, 92?% and 86?% identities in rpoB, rpoD and gyrB genes, respectively. Strain LMT03(T) has a single polar flagellum, like other related yellow-pigment-producing pseudomonads. The major quinone is Q-9. The major fatty acids are C18?:?1?7c in summed feature 8 (40.82?%), C16?:?1?6c/C16?:?1?6c in summed feature 3 (23.72?%) and C16?:?0 (15.20?%). The strain produces oxidase but it does not produce gelatinase, indole, urease, arginine dihydrolase or ?-galactosidase. Catalase production was very weak after 28 and 48 h incubation on nutrient agar medium. Nitrate reduction is negative. It does not hydrolyse aesculin. The DNA G+C content is 57.8 mol%. DNA-DNA hybridization results showed lower than 52?% relatedness with respect to the type strain of P. argentinensis, CH01(T). These results, together with other phenotypic characteristics, support the definition of a novel species within the genus Pseudomonas, for which the name Pseudomonas punonensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LMT03(T) (?=?LMG 26839(T)?=?CECT 8089(T)). PMID:23002045

Ramos, Elena; Ramírez-Bahena, Martha-Helena; Valverde, Angel; Velázquez, Encarna; Zúñiga, Doris; Velezmoro, Carmen; Peix, Alvaro

2013-05-01

198

Pseudogulbenkiania gefcensis sp. nov., isolated from soil.  

PubMed

A novel strain, yH16, was isolated on nutrient agar from soil samples collected at KyungHee University, Suwon City, Republic of Korea. Cells of strain yH16(T) were short rods, Gram-negative-staining, motile and non-spore-forming, with a polar flagellum. Biochemical and molecular characterization revealed that this strain was most similar to Pseudogulbenkiania subflava BP-5(T). Further 16S rRNA gene sequencing studies revealed that the new strain clustered with Pseudogulbenkiania subflava BP-5(T) (95.9 % similarity), Paludibacterium yongneupense 5YN8-15(T) (95.2 % similarity), Gulbenkiania mobilis E4FC31-5(T) (94.6 % similarity) and Chromobacterium aquaticum CC-SE-YA-1(T) (93.9 % similarity). The isolate was able to grow at 25-40 °C, 0.3-2 % NaCl and pH 5.5-7. The DNA G+C content was 65.9 ± 1.0 mol%. The predominant fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C(16 : 1)?7c and/or iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH) and C(16:0). Ubiquinone 8 was the major respiratory quinone. It was evident from the data obtained that the strain should be classified as a novel species of the genus Pseudogulbenkiania. The name proposed for this taxon is Pseudogulbenkiania gefcensis sp. nov., and the type strain is yH16(T) (=KCCM 90100(T) = JCM 17850(T)). PMID:22389280

Lee, Dong-Geol; Im, Dong-Moon; Kang, HeeCheol; Yun, Pyeong; Park, Sun-Ki; Hyun, Seung-Su; Hwang, Dong-Youn

2013-01-01

199

Listeria fleischmannii sp. nov., isolated from cheese.  

PubMed

A study was performed on three isolates (LU2006-1(T), LU2006-2 and LU2006-3), which were sampled independently from cheese in western Switzerland in 2006, as well as a fourth isolate (A11-3426), which was detected in 2011, using a polyphasic approach. The isolates could all be assigned to the genus Listeria but not to any known species. Phenotypic and chemotaxonomic data were compatible with the genus Listeria and phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences confirmed that the closest relationships were with members of this genus. However, DNA-DNA hybridization demonstrated that the isolates did not belong to any currently described species. Cell-wall-binding domains of Listeria monocytogenes bacteriophage endolysins were able to attach to the isolates, confirming their tight relatedness to the genus Listeria. Although PCR targeting the central portion of the flagellin gene flaA was positive, motility was not observed. The four isolates could not be discriminated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy or pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. This suggests that they represent a single species, which seems to be adapted to the environment in a cheese-ripening cellar as it was re-isolated from the same type of Swiss cheese after more than 5 years. Conjugation experiments demonstrated that the isolates harbour a transferable resistance to clindamycin. The isolates did not exhibit haemolysis or show any indication of human pathogenicity or virulence. The four isolates are affiliated with the genus Listeria but can be differentiated from all described members of the genus Listeria and therefore they merit being classified as representatives of a novel species, for which we propose the name Listeria fleischmannii sp. nov.; the type strain is LU2006-1(T) (?=?DSM 24998(T) ?=?LMG 26584(T)). PMID:22523164

Bertsch, David; Rau, Jörg; Eugster, Marcel R; Haug, Martina C; Lawson, Paul A; Lacroix, Christophe; Meile, Leo

2013-02-01

200

Loktanella ponticola sp. nov., isolated from seawater.  

PubMed

A Gram-reaction-negative, aerobic, non-flagellated and coccoid, ovoid or rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated W-SW2(T), was isolated from seawater in the South Sea of South Korea. The novel strain grew optimally at pH 7.0-8.0, at 25 °C and in the presence of approximately 2% (w/v) NaCl. A neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain W-SW2(T) fell within the clade comprising the type strains of species of the genus Loktanella, clustering and sharing the highest sequence similarity value (96.3%) with the type strain of Loktanella koreensis. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values between strain W-SW2(T) and the type strains of the other species of the genus Loktanella were in the range 93.1-96.0%. The DNA G+C content of strain W-SW2(T) was 55.9 mol%. Strain W-SW2(T) contained Q-10 as the predominant ubiquinone and C(18:1)?7c as the predominant fatty acid. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified aminolipid and one unidentified lipid. Differential phenotypic properties, together with the phylogenetic distinctiveness, revealed that strain W-SW2(T) is separated phylogenetically from other species of the genus Loktanella. On the basis of the data presented, strain W-SW2(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Loktanella, for which the name Loktanella ponticola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is W-SW2(T) (?=KCTC 42133(T)?=NBRC 110409(T)). PMID:25106924

Jung, Yong-Taek; Park, Sooyeon; Park, Ji-Min; Yoon, Jung-Hoon

2014-11-01

201

Deinococcus antarcticus sp. nov., isolated from soil.  

PubMed

A pink-pigmented, non-motile, coccoid bacterial strain, designated G3-6-20(T), was isolated from a soil sample collected in the Grove Mountains, East Antarctica. This strain was resistant to UV irradiation (810 J m(-2)) and slightly more sensitive to desiccation as compared with Deinococcus radiodurans. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the isolate indicated that the organism belongs to the genus Deinococcus. Highest sequence similarities were with Deinococcus ficus CC-FR2-10(T) (93.5 %), Deinococcus xinjiangensis X-82(T) (92.8 %), Deinococcus indicus Wt/1a(T) (92.5 %), Deinococcus daejeonensis MJ27(T) (92.3 %), Deinococcus wulumuqiensis R-12(T) (92.3 %), Deinococcus aquaticus PB314(T) (92.2 %) and Deinococcus radiodurans DSM 20539(T) (92.2 %). Major fatty acids were C18 : 1?7c, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1?7c and/or C16 : 1?6c), anteiso-C15 : 0 and C16 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain G3-6-20(T) was 63.1 mol%. Menaquinone 8 (MK-8) was the predominant respiratory quinone. Based on its phylogenetic position, and chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characteristics, strain G3-6-20(T) represents a novel species of the genus Deinococcus, for which the name Deinococcus antarcticus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is G3-6-20(T) (?=?DSM 27864(T)?= CCTCC AB 2013263(T)). PMID:25351880

Dong, Ning; Li, Hui-Rong; Yuan, Meng; Zhang, Xiao-Hua; Yu, Yong

2015-02-01

202

Nocardioides daecheongensis sp. nov., isolated from soil.  

PubMed

Strain KIS2-16(T) was isolated from a soil sample collected from Daecheong Island of Incheon region, South Korea. KIS2-16(T) was Gram-staining-positive, aerobic, non-spore-forming, non-motile, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative and mesophilic. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain KIS2-16(T) represented a member of the genus Nocardioides, being most closely related to the type strains of species of the genus Nocardioides, Nocardioides maradonensis RP-B30(T) (97.8?% sequence similarity) and Nocardioides ultimimeridianus RP-B26(T) (97.0?%). The fatty acid profile of KIS2-16(T) was dominated by C18?:?1?9c, C17?:?1?8c, C16?:?0, C18?:?0 10-methyl (TBSA), C16?:?0 2-OH and C17?:?0 2-OH. The major isoprenoid quinone was MK-8(H4), and the major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol. The peptidoglycan structure was A3?-type with ll-diaminopimelic acid. The genomic DNA G+C content of KIS2-16(T) was 64.9 mol%. Strain KIS2-16(T) showed DNA-DNA hybridization values of less than 70?% with the closely related species of the genus Nocardioides. Based on phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic data, the isolate represents a novel species of the genus Nocardioides, for which the name Nocardioides daecheongensis sp. nov. (type strain KIS2-16(T)?=?DSM 27136(T)?=?KACC 17297(T)?=?NBRC 109597(T)) is proposed. PMID:25249564

Lim, Jun-Muk; Kim, Soo-Jin; Hamada, Moriyuki; Ahn, Jae-Hyung; Weon, Hang-Yeon; Suzuki, Ken-ichiro; Ahn, Tae-Young; Kwon, Soon-Wo

2014-12-01

203

ZIC2 and Sp3 repress Sp1-induced activation of the human D1A dopamine receptor gene.  

PubMed

The human D(1A) dopamine receptor is transcribed from a tissue-specific regulated gene under the control of two promoters. An activator region (AR1) located between nucleotides -1154 and -1136 (relative to the first ATG) enhances transcription from the upstream promoter that is active in the brain. In this investigation, we sought to identify the nuclear factors that regulate the D(1A) gene through their binding to AR1 using yeast one-hybrid screening. Sp3 and Zic2 were among the positive clones isolated. Although Sp1 was not isolated from this screening and purified Sp1 alone does not bind to AR1 in gel shift experiments, this general transcription factor binds to AR1 in the presence of D(1A) expressing NS20Y nuclear extract and activates the D(1A) promoter. Thus, Sp1 appears to require an unknown factor(s) or post-translational modification to interact with AR1. On the other hand, Zic2 and Sp3 inhibit Sp1-induced activation of the D(1A) gene in an AR1-dependent manner. Zic2 and D(1A) genes have reciprocal brain regional distributions; Zic2 is expressed primarily in the cerebellum, and D(1A) is highly expressed in corpus striatum. These observations collectively suggest that one of the physiologic functions of Zic2 is repression of D(1A) gene transcription and that the intracellular balance among Sp1, Sp3 and Zic2 is important for regulating the tissue-specific expression of this dopamine receptor. PMID:10984499

Yang, Y; Hwang, C K; Junn, E; Lee, G; Mouradian, M M

2000-12-01

204

Description of Sarcocystis anasi sp. nov. and Sarcocystis albifronsi sp. nov. in birds of the order Anseriformes.  

PubMed

On the basis of the already published morphological, 18S rDNA, 28S rDNA data (Kutkien? et al., Parasitol Res 99:562-565, 2006; Parasitol Res 102:691-696, 2008; Parasitol Res 104:329-336, 2009), and ITS-1 region investigation results of sarcocysts presented in this paper, Sarcocystis albifronsi sp. nov. from the white-fronted goose (Anser albifrons) and Sarcocystis anasi sp. nov. from the mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos) are described. PMID:21845412

Kutkien?, Liuda; Prakas, Petras; Sruoga, Aniolas; Butkauskas, Dalius

2012-02-01

205

Effects of cell growth and a mobile genetic element on propagation of the phages SP16 and SP-beta in Bacillus subtilis  

E-print Network

Two studies were performed on Bacillus subtilis phages SP16 and SP-beta to characterize the effects of growth and an integrative conjugative element, ICEBs1, respectively. I found that B. subtilis strains are significantly ...

England, Eleina M. (Eleina Helen Maria)

2014-01-01

206

In Vitro Antimicrobial Potential of the Lichen Parmotrema sp. Extracts against Various Pathogens  

PubMed Central

Objective(s): The ongoing increasing antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest challenges faced by global public health. The perennial need for new antimicrobials against a background of increasing antibiotic resistance in pathogenic and opportunistic microorganisms obliges the scientific community to constantly develop new drugs and antimicrobial agents. Lichens are known prolific sources of natural antimicrobial drugs and biologically active natural products. This study was aimed to explore in vitro antimicrobial activity of lichen Parmotrema sp. Material and Methods: The methanol and aqueous extracts of lichen Parmotrema sp. was extracted using Soxhlet extractor. Antibiotic assessment of methanol and aqueous extracts was done against eight bacterial (Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus mirabilis, Salmonella sp., Shigella sp., Enterococci faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae,) clinical pathogens and five plant pathogenic fungal strains (Aspergillus terreus strain JAS1, Scedosporium sp. JAS1, Ganoderma sp. JAS4, Candida tropicalis and Fusarium sp.) by Kirby-Bauer method. Results: The methanol lichen Parmotrema sp. extract inhibited all the test organisms. The highest antibacterial activity was found against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. The weakest activity was manifested in Salmonella sp. and Scedosporium sp. JAS1. Strong antifungal effect was found against Ganoderma sp. JAS4 and Fusarium sp. The aqueous lichen Parmotrema sp. extract revealed neither antibacterial nor antifungal activity. Conclusion: The present study shows that tested lichen Parmotrema sp. extracts demonstrated a strong antimicrobial effect. That suggests the active components from methanol extracts of the investigated lichen Parmotrema sp. can be used as natural antimicrobial agent against pathogens. PMID:23997920

Chauhan, Ritika; Abraham, Jayanthi

2013-01-01

207

On the Fourth Diadema Species (Diadema-sp) from Japan  

PubMed Central

Four long-spined sea urchin species in the genus Diadema are known to occur around the Japanese Archipelago. Three species (D. savignyi, D. setosum, and D. paucispinum) are widely distributed in the Indo-Pacific Ocean. The fourth species was detected by DNA analysis among samples originally collected as D. savignyi or D. setosum in Japan and the Marshall Islands and tentatively designated as Diadema -sp, remaining an undescribed species. We analyzed nucleotide sequences of the cytochrome oxidase I (COI) gene in the “D. savignyi-like” samples, and found all 17 individuals collected in the mainland of Japan (Sagami Bay and Kyushu) to be Diadema-sp, but all nine in the Ryukyu Archipelago (Okinawa and Ishigaki Islands) to be D. savignyi, with large nucleotide sequence difference between them (11.0%±1.7 SE). Diadema-sp and D. savignyi shared Y-shaped blue lines of iridophores along the interambulacrals, but individuals of Diadema-sp typically exhibited a conspicuous white streak at the fork of the Y-shaped blue iridophore lines, while this feature was absent in D. savignyi. Also, the central axis of the Y-shaped blue lines of iridophores was approximately twice as long as the V-component in D. savignyi whereas it was of similar length in Diadema-sp. Two parallel lines were observed to constitute the central axis of the Y-shaped blue lines in both species, but these were considerably narrower in Diadema-sp. Despite marked morphological and genetic differences, it appears that Diadema-sp has been mis-identified as D. savignyi for more than half a century. PMID:25054386

Chow, Seinen; Kajigaya, Yoshikazu; Kurogi, Hiroaki; Niwa, Kentaro; Shibuno, Takuro; Nanami, Atsushi; Kiyomoto, Setuo

2014-01-01

208

Sumoylation differentially regulates Sp1 to control cell differentiation.  

PubMed

The mammalian small ubiquitin-like modifiers (SUMOs) are actively involved in regulating differentiation of different cell types. However, the functional differences between SUMO isoforms and their mechanisms of action remain largely unknown. Using the ocular lens as a model system, we demonstrate that different SUMOs display distinct functions in regulating differentiation of epithelial cells into fiber cells. During lens differentiation, SUMO1 and SUMO2/3 displayed different expression, localization, and targets, suggesting differential functions. Indeed, overexpression of SUMO2/3, but not SUMO1, inhibited basic (b) FGF-induced cell differentiation. In contrast, knockdown of SUMO1, but not SUMO2/3, also inhibited bFGF action. Mechanistically, specificity protein 1 (Sp1), a major transcription factor that controls expression of lens-specific genes such as ?-crystallins, was positively regulated by SUMO1 but negatively regulated by SUMO2. SUMO2 was found to inhibit Sp1 functions through several mechanisms: sumoylating it at K683 to attenuate DNA binding, and at K16 to increase its turnover. SUMO2 also interfered with the interaction between Sp1 and the coactivator, p300, and recruited a repressor, Sp3 to ?-crystallin gene promoters, to negatively regulate their expression. Thus, stable SUMO1, but diminishing SUMO2/3, during lens development is necessary for normal lens differentiation. In support of this conclusion, SUMO1 and Sp1 formed complexes during early and later stages of lens development. In contrast, an interaction between SUMO2/3 and Sp1 was detected only during the initial lens vesicle stage. Together, our results establish distinct roles of different SUMO isoforms and demonstrate for the first time, to our knowledge, that Sp1 acts as a major transcription factor target for SUMO control of cell differentiation. PMID:24706897

Gong, Lili; Ji, Wei-Ke; Hu, Xiao-Hui; Hu, Wen-Feng; Tang, Xiang-Cheng; Huang, Zhao-Xia; Li, Ling; Liu, Mugen; Xiang, Shi-Hua; Wu, Erxi; Woodward, Zachary; Liu, Yi-Zhi; Nguyen, Quan Dong; Li, David Wan-Cheng

2014-04-15

209

75 FR 42380 - Orders Finding That the SP-15 Financial Day-Ahead LMP Peak Contract and SP-15 Financial Day-Ahead...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...COMMISSION Orders Finding That the SP-15 Financial Day-Ahead LMP Peak Contract and SP-15 Financial Day-Ahead LMP Off-Peak Contract Offered for...determination whether the SP-15 \\2\\ Financial Day-Ahead LMP Peak (``SPM'') contract...

2010-07-21

210

75 FR 42411 - Orders Finding That the SP-15 Financial Day-Ahead LMP Peak Daily Contract; SP-15 Financial Day...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...COMMISSION Orders Finding That the SP-15 Financial Day-Ahead LMP Peak Daily Contract; SP-15 Financial Day-Ahead LMP Off-Peak Daily Contract; SP-15...LMP-Peak Daily Contract; NP-15 Financial Day- Ahead LMP Peak Daily Contract and...

2010-07-21

211

Isolation and characterisation of Nocardioides sp. SP12, an atrazine-degrading bacterial strain possessing the gene trzN from bulk- and maize rhizosphere soil.  

PubMed

We report the characterisation of Nocardioides sp. SP12, an atrazine-degrading bacteria isolated from atrazine-treated bulk- and maize rhizosphere soil. Based on 16S rDNA alignment, strain SP12 showed close phylogenic relationships with Nocardioides sp. C157 and Nocardioides simplex. Internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences of strain SP12 were longer than those of other Nocardioides sp. and present Ala- and Ile-tRNA unlike Actinomycetales. Nocardioides sp. SP12 presents a novel atrazine catabolic pathway combining trzN with atzB and atzC. Atrazine biodegradation ends in a metabolite that co-eluted in HPLC with cyanuric acid. This metabolite shows an absorption spectrum identical to that of cyanuric acid with a maximal absorption at 214.6 nm. The mass of the atrazine metabolite is in concordance with that of cyanuric acid according to mass spectrometry analysis. Quantitative PCR revealed that the ITS sequence of Nocardioides sp. SP12 was at a lower number than the one of trzN in atrazine-treated soil samples. It suggests that trzN could also be present in other atrazine degrading bacteria. The numbers of trzN and ITS sequences of Nocardioides sp. SP12 were higher in the maize rhizosphere than in bulk soil. PMID:12694918

Piutti, S; Semon, E; Landry, D; Hartmann, A; Dousset, S; Lichtfouse, E; Topp, E; Soulas, G; Martin-Laurent, F

2003-04-11

212

Altererythrobacter aestiaquae sp. nov., isolated from seawater.  

PubMed

A Gram-stain-negative, coccoid- or oval-shaped, gliding bacterial strain, designated HDW-31(T), belonging to the class Alphaproteobacteria, was isolated from seawater of the Yellow Sea, Korea, and was subjected to a taxonomic study using a polyphasic approach. Strain HDW-31(T) grew optimally at pH 7.0-8.0, at 30 °C and in the presence of 2-3?% (w/v) NaCl. Neighbour-joining, maximum-likelihood and maximum-parsimony phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain HDW-31(T) fell within the clade comprising the genus Altererythrobacter, clustering with the type strains of Altererythrobacter luteolus and Altererythrobacter gangjinensis, with which strain HDW-31(T) exhibited 97.0 and 96.0?% sequence similarity values, respectively. Sequence similarities to the type strains of the other recognized species of the genus Altererythrobacter were 93.5-96.0?%. The DNA G+C content was 57.9 mol% and mean DNA-DNA relatedness between strain HDW-31(T) and the type strain of A. luteolus was 5.3?%. Strain HDW-31(T) contained Q-10 as the predominant ubiquinone and summed feature 8 (C18?:?1?7c and/or C18?:?1?6c), summed feature 3 (C16?:?1?6c and/or C16?:?1?7c) and C16?:?0 as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, a sphingoglycolipid, two unidentified glycolipids and an unidentified lipid. Differential phenotypic properties, together with the phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, demonstrated that strain HDW-31(T) is distinguishable from recognized species of the genus Altererythrobacter. On the basis of the data presented, strain HDW-31(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Altererythrobacter, for which the name Altererythrobacter aestiaquae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HDW-31(T) (?=?KCTC 42006(T)?=?CECT 8527(T)). PMID:25201916

Jung, Yong-Taek; Park, Sooyeon; Lee, Jung-Sook; Yoon, Jung-Hoon

2014-12-01

213

Enantiospecific sp2-sp3 coupling of secondary and tertiary boronic esters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The cross-coupling of boronic acids and related derivatives with sp2 electrophiles (the Suzuki-Miyaura reaction) is one of the most powerful C-C bond formation reactions in synthesis, with applications that span pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals and high-tech materials. Despite the breadth of its utility, the scope of this Nobel prize-winning reaction is rather limited when applied to aliphatic boronic esters. Primary organoboron reagents work well, but secondary and tertiary boronic esters do not (apart from a few specific and isolated examples). Through an alternative strategy, which does not involve using transition metals, we have discovered that enantioenriched secondary and tertiary boronic esters can be coupled to electron-rich aromatics with essentially complete enantiospecificity. As the enantioenriched boronic esters are easily accessible, this reaction should find considerable application, particularly in the pharmaceutical industry where there is growing awareness of the importance of, and greater clinical success in, creating biomolecules with three-dimensional architectures.

Bonet, Amadeu; Odachowski, Marcin; Leonori, Daniele; Essafi, Stephanie; Aggarwal, Varinder K.

2014-07-01

214

Actinophytocola timorensis sp. nov. and Actinophytocola corallina sp. nov., isolated from soil.  

PubMed

Two actinomycete strains, ID05-A0653(T) and ID06-A0464(T), were isolated from soils of West Timor and Lombok island, respectively, in Indonesia. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis clearly demonstrated that the isolates belonged to the family Pseudonocardiaceae and were closely related to the genus Actinophytocola. Strains ID05-A0653(T) and ID06-A0464(T) exhibited 98.1 and 98.2?% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, respectively, with Actinophytocola oryzae GMKU 367(T). The isolates grew well on ISP media and produced white aerial mycelium. Short spore chains were formed directly on the substrate mycelium. The isolates contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, arabinose and galactose as cell-wall components, MK-9(H(4)) as the sole isoprenoid quinone, iso-C(16?:?0) as the major cellular fatty acid and phosphatidylethanolamine as the diagnostic polar lipid. The DNA G+C contents of strains ID05-A0653(T) and ID06-A0464(T) were 69.7 and 71.2 mol%, respectively. On the basis of phenotypic characteristics, DNA-DNA relatedness and 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, strains ID05-A0653(T) and ID06-A0464(T) each represent a novel species of the genus Actinophytocola, for which the names Actinophytocola timorensis sp. nov. (type strain ID05-A0653(T) ?=?BTCC B-673(T) ?=?NBRC 105524(T)) and Actinophytocola corallina sp. nov. (type strain ID06-A0464(T) ?=?BTCC B-674(T) ?=?NBRC 105525(T)) are proposed. PMID:20495034

Otoguro, Misa; Yamamura, Hideki; Tamura, Tomohiko; Irzaldi, Rohmatussolihat; Ratnakomala, Shanti; Ridwan, Roni; Kartina, Gina; Triana, Evi; Nurkanto, Arif; Lestari, Yulin; Lisdiyanti, Puspita; Widyastuti, Yantyati; Ando, Katsuhiko

2011-04-01

215

Mongoliicoccus alkaliphilus sp. nov. and Litoribacter alkaliphilus sp. nov., isolated from salt pans.  

PubMed

Four bacterial strains (JC165(T), JC166(T), JC169 and JC170) were isolated from salt pan soils from a coastal region of Tamilnadu, India. They were obligately aerobic, pink- to red-pigmented, mesophilic, haloalkaliphiles having chemoorganoheterotrophic growth on various carbon sources and were catalase- and oxidase-positive. Phototrophic growth and bacteriochlorophyll a were absent in all four strains. Major carotenoids present were ?-carotene and rhodoxanthin. The main fatty acid in all strains was iso-C(15:0). The main polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and phosphatidylcholine (PC) as well as a few unidentified lipids. Bacterial hopane derivatives and diplopterol (DPL) were detected in all four strains. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences, all four strains belong to the family Cyclobacteriaceae in the phylum Bacteroidetes. Strains JC165(T) and JC169 had a sequence similarity of 97.2% with Mongoliicoccus roseus MIM28(T), while strains JC166(T) and JC170 had a sequence similarity of 99.5% with Litoribacter ruber YIM CH208(T). Strains JC165(T)/JC169 and JC166(T)/JC170 had genomic DNA reassociation values (based on DNA-DNA hybridization) of 21 ± 2% and 23 ± 1% with M. roseus KCTC 19808(T) (?=?MIM28(T)) and L. ruber KCTC 22899(T) (?=?YIM CH208(T)), respectively, suggesting that they represented novel species. The reassociation values of >85% between strains JC165(T) and JC169, and JC166(T) and JC170 suggested they were strains of the same species. The genomic information was supported by phenotypic observations leading to the proposal of two novel species, Mongoliicoccus alkaliphilus sp. nov. (type strain, JC165(T)?=?KCTC 32210(T)?=LMG 27255(T)) and Litoribacter alkaliphilus sp. nov. (type strain, JC166(T)?=?KCTC 32217(T)?=LMG 27256(T)). PMID:23543498

Subhash, Y; Tushar, L; Sasikala, Ch; Ramana, Ch V

2013-09-01

216

Hymenobacter latericoloratus sp. nov. and Hymenobacter luteus sp. nov., isolated from freshwater sediment.  

PubMed

Two novel Gram-stain negative, non-motile, rod-shaped and aerobic bacterial strains, designated YIM 77920(T) and YIM 77921(T), were isolated from freshwater sediment of Jiuxiang cave, a tourism cave located in Yiliang county, Yunnan province, south-west China. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of strains YIM 77920(T) and YIM 77921(T) exhibited sequence similarities of 96.59 and 96.66 % to Hymenobacter xinjiangensis X2-Y(T), respectively, and indicated that the two isolates belong to the genus Hymenobacter. The major fatty acids present in the two strains were identified as C16:1 ?5c, iso-C15:0 and Summed Feature 4 (C17:1 anteiso B/iso I). MK-7 was identified as the respiratory quinone component for both strains. The polar lipids profile of strain YIM 77920(T) was found to consist of phosphatidylethanolamine, four unidentified polar lipids, three unidentified aminophospholipids, two unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified aminolipids, while that of strain YIM 77921(T) consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, four unidentified polar lipids, two unidentified aminolipids, one unidentified phospholipid and four unidentified aminophospholipids. The DNA G+C contents of strains YIM 77920(T) and YIM 77921(T) were determined to be 57.5 and 59.6 mol%, respectively. DNA-DNA hybridization between them had a low value (56.55 %). Based on the morphological and physiological properties, and phylogenetic analyses, strains YIM 77920(T) and YIM 77921(T) are considered to represent two novel species of the genus Hymenobacter, for which the names Hymenobacter latericoloratus sp. nov. (type strain YIM 77920(T) = JCM 30327(T) = CCTCC AB 2012949(T)) and Hymenobacter luteus sp. nov. (type strain YIM 77921(T) = JCM 30328(T) = CCTCC AB 2012947(T)) are proposed. PMID:25348876

Liu, Lan; Zhou, En-Min; Jiao, Jian-Yu; Manikprabhu, Deene; Ming, Hong; Liu, Wei-Hong; Hozzein, Wael N; Shu, Wen-Sheng; Li, Wen-Jun

2015-01-01

217

Haloarcula salaria sp. nov. and Haloarcula tradensis sp. nov., isolated from salt in Thai fish sauce.  

PubMed

Two red-pigmented, strictly aerobic, pleomorphic rod-shaped and extremely halophilic archaea, designated strains HST01-2R(T) and HST03(T), were isolated from salt in a fish sauce sample from Thailand. The novel strains grew optimally at 37 °C, pH 7.0, and in the presence of 20-25?% (w/v) NaCl. The DNA G+C contents of the isolates were 61.6-62.2 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on a comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strains HST01-2R(T) and HST03(T) were placed in the radiation of species of the genus Haloarcula. The chemotaxonomic properties of the two strains, i.e. the presence of MK-8 and MK-8(H(2)) as the major menaquinone components and C(20)C(20) derivatives of phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, phosphatidylglycerol sulfate and a triglycosyl diether as major polar lipids, supported the assignment of the two strains to the genus Haloarcula. Nevertheless, several phenotypic features and the low DNA-DNA relatedness between the two strains and related species of the genus Haloarcula (13.4-46.9?%) enabled the strains to be distinguished from each other and from recognized species. Therefore, strains HST01-2R(T) and HST03(T) represent two novel species in the genus Haloarcula, for which the names Haloarcula salaria sp. nov. and Haloarcula tradensis sp. nov. are proposed, respectively. The type strains are HST01-2R(T) (=BCC 40029(T)=JCM 15759(T)=PCU 313(T)) and HST03(T) (=BCC 40030(T)=JCM 15760(T)=PCU 314(T)). PMID:20207809

Namwong, Sirilak; Tanasupawat, Somboon; Kudo, Takuji; Itoh, Takashi

2011-02-01

218

Rhodopirellula lusitana sp. nov. and Rhodopirellula rubra sp. nov., isolated from the surface of macroalgae.  

PubMed

Twenty two strains of Rhodopirellula were isolated from the epiphytic community of several marine macroalgae and separated into two groups, designated as group B and group C. In this study, we characterized these groups as two novel species belonging to the genus Rhodopirellula. These strains were represented by pleomorphic cells that were arranged in rosettes and formed pink- or red-pigmented colonies. The organisms were chemoorganotrophic and required vitamin B12 for growth. Their optimal temperature for growth was around 25°C. Major fatty acids were C18:1 ?9c, C16:0 and C16:1 ?7c/C16:1 ?6c. Phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylglycerol were the major polar lipids. Unidentified phospholipids were also present. The 16S rDNA sequence analysis confirmed the affiliation of these organisms to the order Planctomycetales, genus Rhodopirellula, with R. baltica as the closest phylogenetic relative. The analysis of a partial sequence of the gene encoding the ?-subunit of RNA polymerase (rpoB) confirmed the phylogenetic separation of the isolates into two different species of the genus Rhodopirellula. The 16S rRNA sequences from strains of group B revealed their widespread occurrence across the world, whereas strains of group C were not observed before. On the basis of physiological, biochemical, chemotaxonomic and genetic characteristics we propose that our isolates represent two new species of Rhodopirellula, Rhodopirellula rubra sp. nov. (type strain is LF2(T)=DSM 25,459=CECT 8075) and Rhodopirellula lusitana sp. nov. (type strain is UC17(T)=DSM 25,457=LMG 27,777). PMID:24631661

Bondoso, Joana; Albuquerque, Luciana; Lobo-da-Cunha, Alexandre; da Costa, Milton S; Harder, Jens; Lage, Olga Maria

2014-05-01

219

Pseudochelatococcus lubricantis gen. nov., sp. nov. and Pseudochelatococcus contaminans sp. nov. from coolant lubricants.  

PubMed

Two Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming bacteria, isolated from metal working fluids were investigated to determine their taxonomic positions. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence phylogeny, both strains (MPA 1113(T) and MPA 1105(T)) formed a distinct cluster with 97.7?% sequence similarity between them, which was in the vicinity of members of the genera Methylobacterium, Camelimonas, Chelatococcus, Bosea, Salinarimonas and Microvirga to which they showed low sequence similarities (below 94?%). The predominant compounds in the polyamine pattern and in the quinone system of the two strains were spermidine and ubiquinone Q-10, respectively. The polar lipid profiles were composed of the major compounds: phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, major or moderate amounts of diphosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified glycolipids and three unidentified aminolipids. Several minor lipids were also detected. The major fatty acids were either C19?:?0 cyclo ?8c or C18?:?1?7c. The results of fatty acid analysis and physiological and biochemical tests allowed both, the genotypic and phenotypic differentiation of the isolates from each other, while the chemotaxonomic traits allowed them to be differentiated from the most closely related genera. In summary, low 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities and marked differences in polar lipid profiles, as well as in polyamine patterns, is suggestive of a novel genus for which the name Pseudochelatococcus gen. nov. is proposed. MPA 1113(T) (?=?CCM 8528(T)?=?LMG 28286(T)?=?CIP 110802(T)) and MPA 1105(T) (?=?CCM 8527(T)?=?LMG 28285(T)) are proposed to be the type strains representing two novel species within the novel genus, Pseudochelatococcus gen. nov., for which the names Pseudochelatococcus lubricantis sp. nov. and Pseudochelatococcus contaminans sp. nov. are suggested, respectively. PMID:25301542

Kämpfer, Peter; Glaeser, Stefanie P; Gräber, Marco; Rabenstein, Andreas; Kuever, Jan; Busse, Hans-Jürgen

2015-01-01

220

Glycomyces fuscus sp. nov. and Glycomyces albus sp. nov., actinomycetes isolated from a hypersaline habitat.  

PubMed

Two actinomycete strains, designated TRM 49117(T) and TRM 49136(T), were isolated from a hypersaline habitat in Xinjiang Province, north-west China and were characterized taxonomically by using a polyphasic study. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain TRM 49117(T) had 93.93% similarity with the type strain Glycomyces halotolerans TRM 40137(T) (GenBank accession no. HQ651156) and TRM 49136(T) had 94.32% similarity with G. halotolerans TRM 40137(T). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between the two new isolates was 93%. The isolates contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid and anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0 as major cellular fatty acids. The predominant menaquinones of the isolates were MK-9(H4) and MK-9(H6). The whole-cell sugar patterns of these strains contained xylose and ribose, and strain TRM 49136(T) also contained arabinose. The polar lipid pattern of strain TRM 49117(T) comprised phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol mannosides, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol and three additional unknown phospholipids. The polar lipid pattern of strain TRM 49136(T) comprised phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, glycolipids and two phosphoglycolipids of unknown composition. Genotypic and phenotypic data confirmed that strains TRM 49117(T) and TRM 49136(T) represent two novel species, clearly different from related species of the genus Glycomyces, for which the names Glycomyces fuscus sp. nov. (type strain TRM 49117(T)?= CCTCC AA 2013003(T)?= NRRL B-59998(T)?= KACC 17682(T)) and Glycomyces albus sp. nov. (type strain TRM 49136(T)?= CCTCC AA 2013004(T)?= NRRL B-24927(T)?= KACC 17681(T)) are proposed. PMID:24776532

Han, Xiao-Xue; Luo, Xiao-Xia; Zhang, Li-Li

2014-07-01

221

Jeotgalicoccus coquinae sp. nov. and Jeotgalicoccus aerolatus sp. nov., isolated from poultry houses.  

PubMed

Two Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming cocci (strains MK-7(T) and MPA-33(T)) were isolated from poultry houses. Strain MK-7(T) was isolated on marine broth agar from coquina, a food supplement for female ducks used in a duck-fattening farm. Strain MPA-33(T) was isolated from the air of a turkey house on TSA after filter sampling. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity studies, both strains were shown to belong to the genus Jeotgalicoccus; MK-7(T) was most closely related to Jeotgalicoccus psychrophilus YKJ-115(T) (99.3?% similarity) and MPA-33(T) was most closely related to Jeotgalicoccus halotolerans YKJ-101(T) (98.8?%). The quinone system of MK-7(T) was composed of equal amounts of menaquinones MK-7 and MK-6 and that of MPA-33(T) contained 76?% MK-7 and 24?% MK-6. The polar lipid profile of strain MK-7(T) consisted of the major compounds diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylglycerol and six unidentified lipids present in minor to moderate amounts. In strain MPA-33(T), diphosphatidylglycerol was the single predominant lipid, whereas phosphatidylglycerol was detected in moderate amounts. In addition, one unidentified phospholipid and four unidentified lipids were detected. Fatty acid profiles with iso-15?:?0 and anteiso-15?:?0 as major fatty acids supported the affiliation of the strains to the genus Jeotgalicoccus. The results of physiological and biochemical tests as well as DNA-DNA hybridizations allowed clear phenotypic differentiation of strains MK-7(T) and MPA-33(T) from the most closely related species. Strains MK-7(T) and MPA-33(T) therefore represent novel species, for which the names Jeotgalicoccus coquinae sp. nov. (type strain MK-7(T) =DSM 22419(T) =CCM 7682(T) =CCUG 57956(T)) and Jeotgalicoccus aerolatus sp. nov. (type strain MPA-33(T) =DSM 22420(T) =CCM 7679(T) =CCUG 57953(T)) are proposed. PMID:20207804

Martin, E; Klug, K; Frischmann, A; Busse, H-J; Kämpfer, P; Jäckel, U

2011-02-01

222

Providencia sneebia sp. nov. and Providencia burhodogranariea sp. nov., isolated from wild Drosophila melanogaster.  

PubMed

Multiple isolates of the genus Providencia were obtained from the haemolymph of wild-caught Drosophila melanogaster fruit flies. Sixteen isolates were distinguished from the six previously described species based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. These isolates belonged to two distinct groups, which we propose each comprise previously undescribed species. Two isolates, designated A(T) and B(T), were characterized by DNA sequences of the fusA, lepA, leuS, gyrB and ileS housekeeping genes, whole-genome DNA-DNA hybridizations with their nearest relatives and utilization of substrates for metabolism. The closest phylogenetic relatives of strain A(T) are strain B(T) (86.9 % identity for the housekeeping genes) and Providencia stuartii DSM 4539(T) (86.0 % identity). The closest phylogenetic relatives of strain B(T) are strain A(T) (86.9 % identity) and P. stuartii DSM 4539(T) (86.6 % identity). The type strains of described species in this genus shared between 84.1 and 90.1 % identity for these sequences. DNA-DNA hybridization between the strain pairs A(T)-B(T), A(T)-P. stuartii DSM 4539(T) and B(T)-P. stuartii DSM 4539(T) all resulted in less than 25 % relatedness. In addition, patterns of utilization of amygdalin, arbutin, aesculin, salicin, d-sorbitol, trehalose, inositol, d-adonitol and d-galactose distinguish strains A(T) and B(T) from other members of this genus. Strains A(T) and B(T) therefore represent novel species, for which the names Providencia sneebia sp. nov. (type strain A(T) =DSM 19967(T) =ATCC BAA-1589(T)) and Providencia burhodogranariea sp. nov. (type strain B(T) =DSM 19968(T) =ATCC BAA-1590(T)) are proposed. PMID:19406801

Juneja, Punita; Lazzaro, Brian P

2009-05-01

223

Martelella radicis sp. nov. and Martelella mangrovi sp. nov., isolated from mangrove sediment.  

PubMed

Two Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterial strains, designated BM5-7(T) and BM9-1(T) were isolated from soil of the root system of a mangrove forest. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the two isolates belong to the genus Martelella. The chemotaxonomic characteristics of these isolates included the presence of C19?:?0 cyclo ?8c and C18?:?1?7c as the major cellular fatty acids and Q-10 as the dominant ubiquinone. The genomic DNA G+C contents of strains BM5-7(T) and BM9-1(T) were 61.0 and 59.7 mol% (HPLC method), respectively. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between the two strains was 98.1?%, but DNA-DNA hybridization indicated 44?% relatedness. Strains BM5-7(T) and BM9-1(T) exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 98.0-99.2?% and 97.7-98.1?%, respectively, with type strains of Martelella endophytica and Martelella mediterranea. Combined data from phenotypic, phylogenetic and DNA-DNA relatedness studies demonstrated that strains BM5-7(T) and BM9-1(T) are representatives of two novel species of the genus Martelella, for which the names Martelella radicis sp. nov. (type strain BM5-7(T)?=?DSM 28101(T)?=?LMG 27958(T)) and Martelella mangrovi sp. nov. (type strain BM9-1(T)?=?DSM 28102(T)?=?LMG 27959(T)) are proposed. PMID:24944336

Zhang, De-Chao; Margesin, Rosa

2014-09-01

224

Streptomyces lactacystinicus sp. nov. and Streptomyces cyslabdanicus sp. nov., producing lactacystin and cyslabdan, respectively.  

PubMed

Actinomycete strains OM-6519(T) and K04-0144(T) produce the bioactive compounds lactacystin and cyslabdan, respectively. Here, the taxonomic positions of these two strains were determined. The morphological and chemical features of strains OM-6519(T) and K04-0144(T) indicated that they belonged to the genus Streptomyces. Strain OM-6519(T) showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities with Streptomyces xanthocidicus NBRC 13469(T) (99.7%), Streptomyces chrysomallus subsp. fumigatus NBRC 15394(T) (99.6%) and Streptomyces aburaviensis NRRL B-2218(T) (99.5%). However, the DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain OM-6519(T) and the three related strains were below 70%. Strain K04-0144(T) showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities with Streptomyces corchorusii NBRC 13032(T) (99.4%), Streptomyces olivaceoviridis NBRC 15394(T) (99.4%) and Streptomyces canarius NRRL B-2218(T) (99.3%). However, the DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain K04-0144(T) and the three related strains were also below 70%. Based on morphological, cultural and physiological characteristics and DNA-DNA relatedness data, strains OM-6519(T) and K04-0144(T) should be classified as new species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the names Streptomyces lactacystinicus sp. nov. and Streptomyces cyslabdanicus sp. nov. are proposed. The type strain of S. lactacystinicus is OM-6519(T) (=NBRC 110082(T), DSM 43136(T)). The type strain of S. cyslabdanicus is K04-0144(T) (=NBRC 110081(T), DSM 42135(T)).The Journal of Antibiotics advance online publication, 10 December 2014; doi:10.1038/ja.2014.162. PMID:25491896

Také, Akira; Matsumoto, Atsuko; Omura, Satoshi; Takahashi, Y?ko

2014-12-10

225

Gongronella sp induces overproduction of laccase in Panus rudis.  

PubMed

Laccase is usually produced via chemical induction and is also synthesized by hosts in interaction with the typical bio-control genus Trichoderma. In this study, we found that a newly isolated non-laccase-producing fungus, Gongronella sp. W5, could induce overproduction of laccase in Panus rudis. The enzyme activity, 148,200 U l(-1), was 25 times higher than the activity obtained from a chemical induction using copper/o -toluidine as inducers. A new laccase isozyme from the interaction of P. rudis and G. W5 was purified and characterized. A further test showed that some pH resistant metabolites secreted by G. W5 acted as signals to induce P. rudis laccase. Laccase is also highly expressed by Trametes sp. AH28-2 in interaction with Trichoderma sp. ZH1. However, no laccase activity was observed from the cross-over interactions of P. rudis -Trichoderma sp. ZH1 or Trametes sp. AH28-2-G. W5. PMID:20082372

Wei, Fen; Hong, Yuzhi; Liu, Juanjuan; Yuan, Jing; Fang, Wei; Peng, Hui; Xiao, Yazhong

2010-02-01

226

Role of SP65 in Assembly of the Dictyostelium discoideum Spore Coat?  

PubMed Central

Like the cyst walls of other protists, the spore coat of Dictyostelium discoideum is formed de novo to protect the enclosed dormant cell from stress. Spore coat assembly is initiated by exocytosis of protein and polysaccharide precursors at the cell surface, followed by the infusion of nascent cellulose fibrils, resulting in an asymmetrical trilaminar sandwich with cellulose filling the middle layer. A molecular complex consisting of cellulose and two proteins, SP85 and SP65, is associated with the inner and middle layers and is required for proper organization of distinct proteins in the outer layer. Here we show that, unlike SP85 and other protein precursors, which are stored in prespore vesicles, SP65 is, like cellulose, synthesized just in time. By tagging the SP65 locus with green fluorescent protein, we find that SP65 is delivered to the cell surface via largely distinct vesicles, suggesting that separate delivery of components of the cellulose-SP85-SP65 complex regulates its formation at the cell surface. In support of previous in vivo studies, recombinant SP65 and SP85 are shown to interact directly. In addition, truncation of SP65 causes a defect of the outer layer permeability barrier as seen previously for SP85 mutants. These observations suggest that assembly of the cellulose-SP85-SP65 triad at the cell surface is biosynthetically regulated both temporally and spatially and that the complex contributes an essential function to outer layer architecture and function. PMID:17416892

Metcalf, Talibah; van der Wel, Hanke; Escalante, Ricardo; Sastre, Leandro; West, Christopher M.

2007-01-01

227

The mouse vitamin D receptor is mainly expressed through an Sp1-driven promoter in vivo.  

PubMed

The availability of the mouse vitamin D receptor (mVDR) gene has allowed a characterization of a TATA-less promoter containing a cluster of four Sp1 sites named Sp1-1, Sp1-2, Sp1-3, and Sp1-4 (F. Jehan and H. F. DeLuca, 1997, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 10138-10143). By means of primer extension analysis, S1 nuclease mapping and ribonuclease protection assay, the start site has been deduced, as has the existence of other minor transcription start sites. Initiation of transcription at the major site is located 4 bp upstream of the 5' end of the mVDR cDNA sequence and very close to the putative Sp1 sites. A second minor promoter might exist between exon 1 and exon 2 of the mVDR gene. The nucleotide sequence of the Sp1 region is well conserved between the mouse, the human, and the chicken VDR genes, suggesting an important role for these Sp1 sites. Gel shift analysis of the four Sp1 sites of the mVDR promoter has confirmed specific binding complexes to Sp1-1, Sp1-2, and Sp1-4 (Sp1-3 rather binds an unknown complex that is unable to bind the canonical Sp1 GGGGCGGGGC). Deletion or mutation of all the Sp1 sites eliminates promoter activity. However, mutation or deletion of individual Sp1 sites did not dramatically change the promoter activity, except for mutation of Sp1-3 that increases promoter activity. We, therefore, conclude that the mVDR promoter is controlled by the Sp1 sites and is the main VDR promoter in intestine and kidney. PMID:10845704

Jehan, F; DeLuca, H F

2000-05-15

228

Biochemical changes induced by fungicides in nitrogen fixing Nostoc sp.  

PubMed

The present study indicates the effect of fungicides (approved by WHO) and their behavior on nitrogen fixer of rice eco system Nostoc sp. Application of plant protecting chemicals at recommended levels braced up the growth of blue green algae thereby enhancing heterocyst formation and nitrogenase activity. Nostoc sp demoed varying degrees of sensitivity to fungicides. Biomass yield, protein, carbohydrate content reduced after 3pg/mL concentration. Heterocyst damage was observed from 4?g/mL, Proline content increased with increase in fungicide concentration, utmost yellowing of the culture started from 4?g/mL. The decreasing order of the toxicity to Nostoc sp with fungicides was Mancozeb> Ediphenphos> Carbendazim> Hexaconazole. PMID:25508341

Deviram, G V N S; Pant, Gaurav; Prasuna, R Gyana

2013-01-01

229

Biochemical changes induced by fungicides in nitrogen fixing Nostoc sp.  

PubMed

The present study indicates the effect of fungicides (approved by WHO) and their behavior on nitrogen fixer of rice eco system Nostoc sp. Application of plant protecting chemicals at recommended levels braced up the growth of blue green algae thereby enhancing heterocyst formation and nitrogenase activity. Nostoc sp demoed varying degrees of sensitivity to fungicides. Biomass yield, protein, carbohydrate content reduced after 3pg/mL concentration. Heterocyst damage was observed from 4?g/mL, Proline content increased with increase in fungicide concentration, utmost yellowing of the culture started from 4?g/mL. The decreasing order of the toxicity to Nostoc sp with fungicides was Mancozeb> Ediphenphos> Carbendazim> Hexaconazole. PMID:25464710

Deviram, G V N S; Pant, Gaurav; Prasuna, R Gyana

2013-01-01

230

Purification of soyasaponin -?-galactosidase from Aspergillus sp.39  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to increase physiological activity of soyasaponin, enzyme hydrolysis of soyasaponin was studied. The enzyme which hydrolyzes soyasaponin to lower sugar soyasaponin was obtained from Aspergillus sp.39s. And it was purified by the method of biologic chromatography system. The method of SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was used to determine the molecular weight of the enzyme produced by Aspergillus sp.39s. The molecular weight was about 50 kDa. The optimum pH and temperature of soyasaponin-?-galactosidase produced from sp.39s was 5.0 and 40°C respectively. Soyasaponin-?-galactosidase was comparatively stable in the pH range from 3.0 to 7.0 and in the temperature range from 20°C to 60°C.

Tian, Jing; Zhao, Ping; Xu, Longquan; Fei, Xu; Wang, Yi

231

Microbial Succession during Thermophilic Digestion: The Potential of Methanosarcina sp  

PubMed Central

A distinct succession from a hydrolytic to a hydrogeno- and acetotrophic community was well documented by DGGE (denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis) and dHPLC (denaturing high performance liquid chromatography), and confirmed by qPCR (quantitative PCR) measurements and DNA sequence analyses. We could prove that Methanosarcina thermophila has been the most important key player during the investigated anaerobic digestion process. This organism was able to terminate a stagnation phase, most probable caused by a decreased pH and accumulated acetic acid following an initial hydrolytic stage. The lack in Methanosarcina sp. could not be compensated by high numbers of Methanothermobacter sp. or Methanoculleus sp., which were predominant during the initial or during the stagnation phase of the fermentation, respectively. PMID:24586260

Illmer, Paul; Reitschuler, Christoph; Wagner, Andreas Otto; Schwarzenauer, Thomas; Lins, Philipp

2014-01-01

232

Vitreoscilla hemoglobin promotes Salecan production by Agrobacterium sp. ZX09*  

PubMed Central

Salecan is a novel exopolysaccharide produced by the strain Agrobacterium sp. ZX09, and it is composed of only glucose monomers. The unique chemical composition and excellent physicochemical properties make Salecan a promising material for applications in coagulation, lubrication, protection against acute liver injury, and alleviating constipation. In this study, we cloned the Vitreoscilla hemoglobin gene into a broad-host-range plasmid pCM158. Without antibiotic selection, there was negligible loss of the plasmid in the host Agrobacterium sp. ZX09 after one passage of cultivation. The expression of Vitreoscilla hemoglobin was demonstrated by carbon monoxide (CO) difference spectrum. The engineered strain Agrobacterium sp. ZX09 increased Salecan yield by 30%. The other physiological changes included its elevated respiration rate and cellular invertase activity. PMID:25367790

Chen, Yun-mei; Xu, Hai-yang; Wang, Yang; Zhang, Jian-fa; Wang, Shi-ming

2014-01-01

233

Characterization of radioiodinated lung surfactant protein A (SP-A) and the effects of oxidation on SP-A quaternary structure and activity.  

PubMed

Lung surfactant protein A (SP-A) is the most abundant surfactant-associated protein present in the lung and respiratory tract. SP-A binds to several pathogens via its C-type lectin domains, and may act as an opsonin, mediating adhesion to cells via the collectin receptor. Binding studies using SP-A are made difficult by its apparent instability following radioiodination. This study investigated the effect of oxidation (via radioiodination and exposure to H2O2) on the structural and functional characteristics of SP-A. Radioiodinated SP-A, stored at 4 degrees C, retained carbohydrate binding activity after labeling. After 10 days storage, the radioiodinated SP-A was indistinguishable on SDS-PAGE from freshly radioiodinated SP-A, but sedimentation coefficient and Stokes radius values changed dramatically, indicating SP-A depolymerization. Such a quaternary structural breakdown, with a concomitant reduction in carbohydrate binding activity, is likely to be due to oxidative cleavage of disulfide bonds. Comparable results were observed upon radioiodination of the structurally similar molecule C1q. Consequently, the effect of prolonged incubation with H2O2 upon SP-A was investigated, with similar results. Thus, exposure to oxidizing agents leads to breakdown of the hexameric quaternary structure of SP-A, often to native polypeptides, with an attendant loss of binding activity. Such an effect may have consequences for the physiological role of SP-A in the lung. PMID:8872089

Stuart, G R; Sim, R B; Malhotra, R

1996-01-01

234

Interrelationships between Bacillus sp. CHEP5 and Bradyrhizobium sp. SEMIA6144 in the induced systemic resistance against Sclerotium rolfsii and symbiosis on peanut plants.  

PubMed

Plant-growth-promoting bacteria are often used to enhance crop yield and for biological control of phytopathogens. Bacillus sp. CHEP5 is a biocontrol agent that induces systemic resistance (ISR) in Arachis hypogaea L. (peanut) against Sclerotium rolfsii, the causal agent of root and stem wilt. In this work, the effect of the co-inoculation of Bacillus sp. CHEP5 and the peanut nodulating strain Bradyrhizobium sp. SEMIA 6144 was studied on induction of both systemic resistance and nodulation processes. Bradyrhizobium sp. SEMIA 6144 did not affect the ability of Bacillus sp. CHEP5 to protect peanut plants from S. rolfsii by ISR and the priming in challenged-plants, as evidenced by an increment in phenylalanine ammonia-lyase enzyme activity. Additionally, the capacity of Bradyrhizobium sp. SEMIA 6144 to induce nodule formation in pathogen-challenged plants was improved by the presence of Bacillus sp. CHEP5. PMID:25431416

Figueredo, Maria Soledad; Tonelli, Maria Laura; Taurian, Tania; Angelini, Jorge; Ibanez, Fernando; Valetti, Lucio; Munoz, Vanina; Anzuay, Maria Soledad; Luduena, Liliana; Fabra, Adriana

2014-12-01

235

SpF: Enabling Petascale Performance for Pseudospectral Dynamo Models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pseudospectral (PS) methods possess a number of characteristics (e.g., efficiency, accuracy, natural boundary conditions) that are extremely desirable for dynamo models. Unfortunately, dynamo models based upon PS methods face a number of daunting challenges, which include exposing additional parallelism, leveraging hardware accelerators, exploiting hybrid parallelism, and improving the scalability of global memory transposes. Although these issues are a concern for most models, solutions for PS methods tend to require far more pervasive changes to underlying data and control structures. Further, improvements in performance in one model are difficult to transfer to other models, resulting in significant duplication of effort across the research community. We have developed an extensible software framework for pseudospectral methods called SpF that is intended to enable extreme scalability and optimal performance. High-level abstractions provided by SpF unburden applications of the responsibility of managing domain decomposition and load balance while reducing the changes in code required to adapt to new computing architectures. The key design concept in SpF is that each phase of the numerical calculation is partitioned into disjoint numerical 'kernels' that can be performed entirely in-processor. The granularity of domain-decomposition provided by SpF is only constrained by the data-locality requirements of these kernels. SpF builds on top of optimized vendor libraries for common numerical operations such as transforms, matrix solvers, etc., but can also be configured to use open source alternatives for portability. SpF includes several alternative schemes for global data redistribution and is expected to serve as an ideal testbed for further research into optimal approaches for different network architectures. In this presentation, we will describe the basic architecture of SpF as well as preliminary performance data and experience with adapting legacy dynamo codes. We will conclude with a discussion of planned extensions to SpF that will provide pseudospectral applications with additional flexibility with regard to time integration, linear solvers, and discretization in the radial direction.

Jiang, W.; Clune, T.; Vriesema, J.; Gutmann, G.

2013-12-01

236

Fuels irradiation testing for the SP-100 program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An SP-100 fuel pin irradiation testing program is well on the way to providing data for performance correlations and demonstrating the lifetime and safety of the fuel system of the compact lithium-cooled reactor. Key SP-100 fuel performance issues addressed are the need for low fuel swelling and low fission gas release to minimize cladding strain, and the need for barrier integrity to prevent fuel/cladding chemical interaction. This paper provides a description of the irradiation test program that addresses these key issues and summarizes recent results of posttest examinations including data obtained at 6 atom percent goal burnup.

Makenas, Bruce J.; Hales, Janell W.; Ward, Alva L.

1991-01-01

237

A comparative study on phyllosphere nitrogen fixation by newly isolated Corynebacterium sp. & Flavobacterium sp. and their potentialities as biofertilizer.  

PubMed

A number of nitrogen fixing bacteria has been isolated from forest phyllosphere on the basis of nitrogenase activity. Among them two best isolates are selected and identified as Corynebacterium sp. AN1 & Flavobacterium sp. TK2 able to reduce 88 and 132 n mol of acetylene (10(8)cells(-1)h(-1)) respectively. They were grown in large amount and sprayed on the phyllosphere of maize plants as a substitute for nitrogenous fertilizer. Marked improvements in growth and total nitrogen content of the plant have been observed by the application of these nitrogen-fixing bacteria. An average 30-37% increase in yield was obtained, which is nearer to chemical fertilizer treatment. Comparatively better effect was obtained by application of Flavobacterium sp. PMID:15362287

Giri, S; Pati, B R

2004-01-01

238

Marinobacter salarius sp. nov. and Marinobacter similis sp. nov., Isolated from Sea Water  

PubMed Central

Two non-pigmented, motile, Gram-negative marine bacteria designated R9SW1T and A3d10T were isolated from sea water samples collected from Chazhma Bay, Gulf of Peter the Great, Sea of Japan, Pacific Ocean, Russia and St. Kilda Beach, Port Phillip Bay, the Tasman Sea, Pacific Ocean, respectively. Both organisms were found to grow between 4°C and 40°C, between pH 6 to 9, and are moderately halophilic, tolerating up to 20% (w/v) NaCl. Both strains were found to be able to degrade Tween 40 and 80, but only strain R9SW1T was found to be able to degrade starch. The major fatty acids were characteristic for the genus Marinobacter including C16:0, C16:1?7c, C18:1?9c and C18:1?7c. The G+C content of the DNA for strains R9SW1T and A3d10T were determined to be 57.1 mol% and 57.6 mol%, respectively. The two new strains share 97.6% of their 16S rRNA gene sequences, with 82.3% similarity in the average nucleotide identity (ANI), 19.8% similarity in the in silico genome-to-genome distance (GGD), 68.1% similarity in the average amino acid identity (AAI) of all conserved protein-coding genes, and 31 of the Karlin's genomic signature dissimilarity. A phylogenetic analysis showed that R9SW1T clusters with M. algicola DG893T sharing 99.40%, and A3d10T clusters with M. sediminum R65T sharing 99.53% of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities. The results of the genomic and polyphasic taxonomic study, including genomic, genetic, phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA, gyrB and rpoD gene sequence similarities, the analysis of the protein profiles generated using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, and DNA-DNA relatedness data, indicated that strains R9SW1T and A3d10T represent two novel species of the genus Marinobacter. The names Marinobacter salarius sp. nov., with the type strain R9SW1T (?=? LMG 27497T ?=? JCM 19399T ?=? CIP 110588T ?=? KMM 7502T) and Marinobacter similis sp. nov., with the type strain A3d10T (?=? JCM 19398T ?=? CIP 110589T ?=? KMM 7501T), are proposed. PMID:25198502

Ng, Hooi Jun; López-Pérez, Mario; Webb, Hayden K.; Gomez, Daniela; Sawabe, Tomoo; Ryan, Jason; Vyssotski, Mikhail; Bizet, Chantal; Malherbe, François; Mikhailov, Valery V.; Crawford, Russell J.; Ivanova, Elena P.

2014-01-01

239

Bacillus pervagus sp. nov. and Bacillus andreesenii sp. nov., isolated from a composting reactor.  

PubMed

Two strains, 8-4-E12(T) and 8-4-E13(T), were isolated from a biowaste composting reactor. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, both strains belong to the genus Bacillus. Strain 8-4-E12(T) was most closely related to the type strains of Bacillus shackletonii, B. acidicola, B. sporothermodurans and B. oleronius (96.4, 96.3, 96.0 and 95.6?% 16S rRNA gene similarity, respectively), whereas strain 8-4-E13(T) was most closely related to the type strain of Bacillus humi (96.5?% sequence similarity). Strains 8-4-E12(T) and 8-4-E13(T) shared 94?% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. The fatty acid profile of strain 8-4-E12(T) was dominated by saturated iso- and anteiso-branched fatty acids (iso-C15?:?0, anteiso-C15?:?0, anteiso-C17?:?0 and iso-C16?:?0), and also contained considerable amounts of C16?:?0. The fatty acid profile of strain 8-4-E13(T) showed a predominance of iso-C15?:?0 (65?%), with smaller amounts of other saturated branched-chain fatty acids along with an unsaturated alcohol. Both strains contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine as major polar lipids. Additionally, strain 8-4-E12(T) contained an unknown lipid and strain 8-4-E13(T) two unknown (amino-)phospholipids. The diagnostic diamino acid found in the cell-wall peptidoglycan of 8-4-E12(T) and 8-4-E13(T) was meso-diaminopimelic acid. The predominant menaquinone was MK-7. The results of physiological and biochemical tests also allowed phenotypic differentiation of the two strains from each other and from related Bacillus species. On the basis of their phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic properties, strains 8-4-E12(T) and 8-4-E13(T) represent novel species of the genus Bacillus, for which the names Bacillus pervagus sp. nov. (type strain 8-4-E12(T)?=?DSM 23947(T)?=?LMG 27601(T)) and Bacillus andreesenii sp. nov. (type strain 8-4-E13(T)?=?DSM 23948(T)?=?LMG 27602(T)) are proposed. PMID:24021730

Kosowski, Kornelia; Schmidt, Marie; Pukall, Rüdiger; Hause, Gerd; Kämpfer, Peter; Lechner, Ute

2014-01-01

240

Massilia jejuensis sp. nov. and Naxibacter suwonensis sp. nov., isolated from air samples.  

PubMed

Two Gram-negative, motile, rod-shaped bacteria (strains 5317J-18T and 5414S-25T) were isolated from air samples collected in the Jeju Island and Suwon region of Korea, respectively. Phylogenetically, strain 5317J-18T was grouped with the genus Massilia with Massilia brevitalea byr23-80T as the closest relative (98.8% sequence similarity). Strain 5414S-25T was affiliated with the genus Naxibacter with Naxibacter haematophilus CCUG 38318T as the closest relative (98.8% sequence similarity). The mean DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain 5317J-18T and M. brevitalea DSM 18925T and Massilia aurea DSM 18055T were 43 and 36%, respectively. The mean DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain 5414S-25T and N. haematophilus KACC 13771T, M. brevitalea DSM 18925T, Massilia timonae DSM 16850T, Naxibacter varians KACC 13770T, M. aurea DSM 18055T, Massilia lutea DSM 17473T and Massilia albidiflava DSM 17472T ranged from 33 to 42%. Both novel strains had ubiquinone Q-8 as the predominant isoprenoid quinone and summed feature 3 (comprising iso-C15:0 2-OH and/or C16:1 omega7c) and C16:0 as the major fatty acids. Both strains also showed similar polar lipid profiles with phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol as the major polar lipids. The DNA G+C contents of strains 5317J-18T and 5414S-25T were 66.1 and 67.8%, respectively. On the basis of their phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic characteristics, the new strains represent novel species in the genera Massilia and Naxibacter. Strain 5317J-18T (=KACC 12634T=DSM 21309T) is proposed as the type strain of Massilia jejuensis sp. nov. and strain 5414S-25T (=KACC 12635T=DSM 21311T) is proposed as the type strain of Naxibacter suwonensis sp. nov. PMID:19783608

Weon, Hang-Yeon; Yoo, Seung-Hee; Kim, Soo-Jin; Kim, Yi-Seul; Anandham, Rangasamy; Kwon, Soon-Wo

2010-08-01

241

Bacillus beijingensis sp. nov. and Bacillus ginsengi sp. nov., isolated from ginseng root.  

PubMed

Four alkaligenous, moderately halotolerant strains, designated ge09, ge10(T), ge14(T) and ge15, were isolated from the internal tissue of ginseng root and their taxonomic positions were investigated by using a polyphasic approach. Cells of the four strains were Gram-positive-staining, non-motile, short rods. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strains ge09 and ge10(T) formed one cluster and strains ge14(T) and ge15 formed another separate cluster within the genus Bacillus. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities with type strains of other Bacillus species were less than 97 %. Levels of DNA-DNA relatedness among the four strains showed that strains ge09 and ge10(T) and strains ge14(T) and ge15 belonged to two separate species; the mean level of DNA-DNA relatedness between ge10(T) and ge14(T) was only 28.7 %. Their phenotypic and physiological properties supported the view that the two strains represent two different novel species of the genus Bacillus. The DNA G+C contents of strains ge10(T) and ge14(T) were 49.9 and 49.6 mol%, respectively. Strains ge10(T) and ge14(T) showed the peptidoglycan type A4alpha l-Lys-d-Glu. The lipids present in strains ge10(T) and ge14(T) were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, a minor amount of phosphatidylcholine and two unknown phospholipids. Their predominant respiratory quinone was MK-7. The fatty acid profiles of the four novel strains contained large quantities of branched and saturated fatty acids. The predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C(15 : 0) (42.5 %), anteiso-C(15 : 0) (22.2 %), anteiso-C(17 : 0) (7.3 %) and C(16 : 1)omega7c alcohol (5.7 %) in ge10(T) and iso-C(15 : 0) (50.7 %) and anteiso-C(15 : 0) (20.1 %) in ge14(T). On the basis of their phenotypic properties and phylogenetic distinctiveness, two novel species of the genus Bacillus are proposed, Bacillus beijingensis sp. nov. (type strain ge10(T) =DSM 19037(T) =CGMCC 1.6762(T)) and Bacillus ginsengi sp. nov. (type strain ge14(T) =DSM 19038(T) =CGMCC 1.6763(T)). PMID:19329597

Qiu, Fubin; Zhang, Xiaoxia; Liu, Lin; Sun, Lei; Schumann, Peter; Song, Wei

2009-04-01

242

Rhodovulum salis sp. nov. and Rhodovulum viride sp. nov., phototrophic Alphaproteobacteria isolated from marine habitats.  

PubMed

Two strains (JA746(T) and JA756(T)) having yellowish brown-to-green pigment were isolated from a solar saltern and a pink pond, respectively. While both strains were non-motile and shared the presence of bacteriochlorophyll-a, major cellular fatty acids (C18?:?1?7c, C16?:?0, C18?:?0), quinone (Q-10), polar lipids and hopanoids, they differed from each other in their carotenoid composition. The G+C content of genomic DNA of strains JA746(T) and 756(T) was 62.4 and 63.3 mol%, respectively. The 16S rRNA gene-based EzTaxon-e blast search analysis of strains JA746(T) and 756(T) indicated highest sequence similarity with members of the genus Rhodovulum in the family Rhodobacteraceae of the class Alphaproteobacteria. Strain JA746(T) has high sequence similarities with Rhodovulum visakhapatnamense JA181(T) (97.3?%), Rhodovulum steppense A-20s(T) (97.3?%), Rhodovulum phaeolacus JA580(T) (97?%), Rhodovulum strictum MB-G2(T) (97?%) and other members of the genus Rhodovulum (<97?%). Strain JA756(T) has high sequence similarities with Rhodovulum visakhapatnamense JA181(T) (99.8?%), Rhodovulum sulfidophilum Hansen W4(T) (99.1?%), Rhodovulum kholense JA297(T) (97.9?%) and other members of the genus Rhodovulum (<97?%). The sequence similarity between strains JA746(T) and JA756(T) was 97.5?%. However, these strains are not closely related to each other or to their phylogenetic neighbours since the DNA-DNA reassociation values were less than 56?%. The genomic information was also supported by phenotypic and chemotaxonomic results, leading us to classify strains JA746(T) (?=?NBRC 108898(T)?=?KCTC 15180(T)) and JA756(T) (?=?NBRC 109122(T)?=?KCTC 15223(T)) as the type strains of two novel species of the genus Rhodovulum, for which the names Rhodovulum salis sp. nov. and Rhodovulum viride sp. nov. are proposed, respectively. PMID:24425825

Srinivas, A; Vinay Kumar, B; Divya Sree, B; Tushar, L; Sasikala, Ch; Ramana, Ch V

2014-03-01

243

Fusarium euwallaceae sp. nov.--a symbiotic fungus of Euwallacea sp., an invasive ambrosia beetle in Israel and California.  

PubMed

The invasive Asian ambrosia beetle Euwallacea sp. (Coleoptera, Scolytinae, Xyleborini) and a novel Fusarium sp. that it farms in its galleries as a source of nutrition causes serious damage to more than 20 species of live trees and pose a serious threat to avocado production (Persea americana) in Israel and California. Adult female beetles are equipped with mandibular mycangia in which its fungal symbiont is transported within and from the natal galleries. Damage caused to the xylem is associated with disease symptoms that include sugar or gum exudates, dieback, wilt and ultimately host tree mortality. In 2012 the beetle was recorded on more than 200 and 20 different urban landscape species in southern California and Israel respectively. Euwallacea sp. and its symbiont are closely related to the tea shot-hole borer (E. fornicatus) and its obligate symbiont, F. ambrosium occurring in Sri Lanka and India. To distinguish these beetles, hereafter the unnamed xyleborine in Israel and California will be referred to as Euwallacea sp. IS/CA. Both fusaria exhibit distinctive ecologies and produce clavate macroconidia, which we think might represent an adaption to the species-specific beetle partner. Both fusaria comprise a genealogically exclusive lineage within Clade 3 of the Fusarium solani species complex (FSSC) that can be differentiated with arbitrarily primed PCR. Currently these fusaria can be distinguished only phenotypically by the abundant production of blue to brownish macroconidia in the symbiont of Euwallacea sp. IS/CA and their rarity or absence in F. ambrosium. We speculate that obligate symbiosis of Euwallacea and Fusarium, might have driven ecological speciation in these mutualists. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to describe and illustrate the novel, economically destructive avocado pathogen as Fusarium euwallaceae sp. nov. S. Freeman et al. PMID:23928415

Freeman, S; Sharon, M; Maymon, M; Mendel, Z; Protasov, A; Aoki, T; Eskalen, A; O'Donnell, K

2013-01-01

244

40 CFR 180.1075 - Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f. sp. aeschynomene; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f. sp. aeschynomene...Exemptions From Tolerances § 180.1075 Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f. sp. aeschynomene...established for residues of the mycoherbicide Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f. sp....

2011-07-01

245

Kocuria atrinae sp. nov., isolated from traditional Korean fermented seafood  

E-print Network

Kocuria atrinae sp. nov., isolated from traditional Korean fermented seafood Eun-Jin Park, Min fermented seafood. Cells were aerobic, Gram-positive, non-motile and coccoid. Optimal growth occurred at 30 of narrow- leaved cattail, a cold desert soil of the Indian Himalayas and fermented seafood (Stackebrandt et

Bae, Jin-Woo

246

Leucobacter salsicius sp. nov., from a salt-fermented food  

E-print Network

Leucobacter salsicius sp. nov., from a salt- fermented food Ji-Hyun Yun,1 Seong Woon Roh,1,2 Min, Daejeon 305-806, Republic of Korea Strain M1-8T was isolated from jeotgal, a Korean salt-fermented food salt-fermented seafood. Shrimp jeotgal is made by mixing fresh tiny shrimps with rock salt, followed

Bae, Jin-Woo

247

Biscalitheca suzanneana, N. Sp., from the uppermost Pennsylvanian of Texas  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Biscalitheca suzanneana, n. sp., is described from specimens found in an uppermost Pennsylvanian deposit in north-central Texas. The genus was identified primarily on the basis of impressions of the unique sporangial annuli. The occurrence establishes for Biscalitheca a stratigraphic range equivalent to nearly the entire Upper Pennsylvanian Series. ?? 1972.

Mamay, S.H.

1972-01-01

248

Functional modularity in the SP6 kappa promoter.  

PubMed

The requirements of the SP6 kappa promoter for transcriptional activation were studied in nontransformed murine B lymphocytes stimulated with lipopolysaccharide. Three different DNA motifs, besides the TATA-box, were needed for restoration of transcriptional activation to the same magnitude as seen with the native SP6 kappa promoter. The decamer motif (TNCTTTGCAT) was found to induce transcription alone and point-mutation of this element reduced transcription to negligible levels, although the other two required elements were present. The penta-decamer element (TGCAG/CCTGTGNCCAG) did not stimulate transcription alone, but activated transcription synergistically in conjunction with the decamer motif. This synergism required the presence of a third pyrimidine rich element (CCCT) in the decamer 3' flanking sequence. The pyrimidine rich element could partly be substituted for by an E-box core motif (CANNTG) 3' of, but not by the kappa Y motif (CTTCCTTA) 5' of, the decamer. Proteins interacting specifically with the penta-decamer element were detected by band-shift assay. The decamer 3' flanking sequence of the SP6 kappa promoter was found to modify the binding of endogenous Oct2 isoforms to the decamer motif i B lymphocytes, but not in CHO cells transfected with various Oct2 isoforms. Thus, complex protein/DNA interactions can be observed in the SP6 kappa promoter which correlate functionally with a synergism in transcriptional activation. PMID:1909431

Högbom, E; Magnusson, A C; Leanderson, T

1991-08-25

249

WHAT'S GRAPHENE? Mono or few layers of sp2 bonded  

E-print Network

WHAT'S GRAPHENE? · Mono or few layers of sp2 bonded carbon atoms in a honeycomb lattice 105cm2/Vs at RT. 1 Due to its unique transport properties, graphene is suitable for implementation sampling (EOS) timeresolved spectroscopy to optically pump and THz probe exfoliated graphene ribbons (GR

Mellor-Crummey, John

250

Polydactyly in the central pacific gecko, Lepidodactylus sp. (Squamata: Gekkonidae)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We report the first known case of naturally occurring polydactyly in a gekkotan lizard. A single individual from Palmyra Atoll exhibited a triplication of digit III of the m hand. No obvious teratogenic sources are present on the atoll and the causal factors of polydactyly in Lepidodactylus sp. remain unknown.

Bauer, A.M.; Hathaway, S.A.; Fisher, R.N.

2009-01-01

251

Civilian and military missions SP-100 preliminary user requirements  

SciTech Connect

This document defines the top level requirements of potential users of a space based nuclear electric power supply. This provides the SP-100 Project and information required to design the modular (10-1000 KWe) space power systems to meet the needs of most potential users.

Not Available

1987-06-29

252

A new cembranoid from the Hainan soft coral Sinularia sp  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new cembrane-type diterpene, diepoxycembrene A (1), has been isolated from the Hainan soft coral Sinularia sp. Its structure was elucidated on the basis of detailed analysis of its spectroscopic data, and by comparison of its NMR spectral data with those of the related model compounds.

Song Qin; Hui Huang; Yue-Wei Guo

2008-01-01

253

A new norsesquiterpene from Hainan soft coral Sinularia sp  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new norsesquiterpene, sinunorcaryophyllenol (1), together with four known related terpenoids (2–5) have been isolated from Hainan soft coral Sinularia sp. The structure of the new compound was elucidated on the basis of detailed spectroscopic data analysis and by comparison with related model compounds.

Yan Li; Hui Huang; Yue-Wei Guo

2008-01-01

254

Uranium accumulation by immobilized cells of a Citrobacter sp  

Microsoft Academic Search

Uranium was removed from challenge flows presented to immobilized cells of aCitrobacter sp. In excess of 90% of the presented metal was recovered, giving high yields of accumulated metal which could be subsequently released from the immobilized cellsin situ.

Lynne E. Macaskie; A. C. R. Dean

1985-01-01

255

Corynebacterium nuruki sp. nov., isolated from an alcohol fermentation starter  

E-print Network

-organisms including mould, yeast and bacteria. These components execute fermentation of rice and make an alcoholicCorynebacterium nuruki sp. nov., isolated from an alcohol fermentation starter Na-Ri Shin, Mi , was isolated from a Korean alcohol fermentation starter. Optimal growth occurred at 37 6C, at pH 8 and in 1

Bae, Jin-Woo

256

Pseudomonas sabulinigri sp. nov., isolated from black beach sand  

E-print Network

Pseudomonas sabulinigri sp. nov., isolated from black beach sand Kyoung-Ho Kim,1 Seong Woon Roh,1 , was isolated from black sand collected from Soesoggak, Jeju Island, Korea. Cells grew at 4­37 6C, at pH 5 beach sand, a bacterium was isolated and subjected to taxonomic characterization. On the basis

Bae, Jin-Woo

257

cDNAs from Nylanderia sp nr pubens (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

7 new gene sequences were identified from workers of Rasberry crazy ant, Nylanderia sp.nr. pubens, and submitted to the National Center for Biotechnology Information GenBank. GenBank accession numbers are HQ636472-HQ636478. This information will provide scientists with genetic tools to study the pop...

258

Agromyces atrinae sp. nov., isolated from fermented seafood  

E-print Network

Agromyces atrinae sp. nov., isolated from fermented seafood Eun-Jin Park,1 Min-Soo Kim,1,2 Mi, designated P27T , was isolated from a traditional fermented seafood. The isolate grew optimally with 0 a traditional fermented seafood that is generally made with plenty of salt. Strain P27T was isolated using

Bae, Jin-Woo

259

Somatochlora shennong sp. nov. from Hubei, China (Odonata: Corduliidae).  

PubMed

A new species, Somatochlora shennong sp. nov. (holotype ?, Dajiuhu National Wetland Park in Shennongjia National Nature Reserve, Hubei Province, China, 9 August 2012) is described, illustrated, and compared with the related species S. dido Needham and S. taiwana Inoue & Yokota.  PMID:25544459

Zhang, Hao-Miao; Vogt, Timothy E; Cai, Qing-Hua

2014-01-01

260

Leucobacter celer sp. nov., isolated from Korean fermented seafood  

E-print Network

Leucobacter celer sp. nov., isolated from Korean fermented seafood Na-Ri Shin, Min-Soo Kim, Mi, designated NAL101T , was isolated from gajami-sikhae, a traditional Korean fermented seafood made of flatfish ). Sikhae, a kind of traditional Korean food, also known as jeotgal, consists of fermented fish without

Bae, Jin-Woo

261

Brachybacterium squillarum sp. nov., isolated from salt-fermented seafood  

E-print Network

Brachybacterium squillarum sp. nov., isolated from salt-fermented seafood Seong-Kyu Park, Min salt-fermented seafood in Korea. The organism grew in 0­10 % (w/v) NaCl and at 25­37 6C, with optimal et al., 2007). While carrying out a study examining the microbial diversity in salt-fermented food

Bae, Jin-Woo

262

NASA/SP-2007-6105 Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

NASA/SP-2007-6105 Rev1 NASA Systems Engineering Handbook #12;NASA STI Program...in Profile Since its founding, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has been dedicated to the ad- vancement of aeronautics and space science. The NASA Scientific and Technical Information (STI) program

Rhoads, James

263

Gonderia herpestis n. sp. from the egyptian mongoose, Herpestis ichneumon  

Microsoft Academic Search

Egyptian mongoose of different sexes and degrees of maturity have been investigated for Piroplasma infection. Out of a total of 13 captured individuals from the various above mentioned Egyptian localities, 8 were detected to be infected with a new species of Gonderia for which the name „Gonderia herpestis“ n. sp. was proposed. Among these, 6 were young, with 2 infected

M. H. Haiba

1958-01-01

264

Mycetophyllia sp. Coral Abundance in the Virgin Islands  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

This coral (Mycetophyllia sp.) is not abundant in coral reefs of the Virgin Islands. It most commonly grows in water deeper than 40 ft., and it is surprising to find it growing in the shade of the mangroves in 3 ft of water....

265

SUPPORTING INFORMATION Synthesis of Highly Crystalline sp2  

E-print Network

1 SUPPORTING INFORMATION Synthesis of Highly Crystalline sp2 -Bonded Boron Nitride Aerogels Michael characterization (XRD and nitrogen adsorption isotherms) of the BN aerogels discussed in the text, as well as a schematic detailing the crucible in which the synthesis of the aerogels is performed. #12;2 Figure S1

Zettl, Alex

266

Dehydroaltenusinic Acid a Novel Microbial Metabolite from a Streptomyces sp  

Microsoft Academic Search

The chloroform extract of the culture filtrate of a Streptomyces sp. yielded a new antibacterial substance, the structure of which was elucidated as dehydroaltenusinic acid {1} by extensive analyses of its spectral data as well as by comparison with those of related compounds, dehydroaltenusin {2} and altenusin {3}. Compound 1 was found to exhibit significant inhibitory activity against a number

Abdul Jabbar; Ajude Prasad Shresta; Mohammad Abdur Rashid; Mohammad Shameem; Shoji Yahara

1998-01-01

267

Lutein production by Muriellopsis sp. in an outdoor tubular photobioreactor  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of dilution rate, mixing and daily solar cycles on lutein and biomass productivity of the green unicellular alga Muriellopsis sp. has been studied, throughout the year, in an outdoor tubular photobioreactor. Highest productivity values, for both lutein (about 180 mg m?2 per day) and biomass (about 40 g (dry weight) m?2 per day) were achieved on May and

José A Del Campo; Herminia Rodr??guez; José Moreno; M. Ángeles Vargas; Joaqu??n Rivas; Miguel G Guerrero

2001-01-01

268

Microbacterium mitrae sp. nov., isolated from salted turban shell  

E-print Network

Microbacterium mitrae sp. nov., isolated from salted turban shell Yun-Ji Kim, Seong Woon Roh, Mi-701, Republic of Korea A novel bacterium (strain M4-8T ) belonging to the genus Microbacterium was isolated from hominis IFO 15708T (97.8 % similarity). The DNA G+C content was 71.3 mol% and DNA­DNA hybridization

Bae, Jin-Woo

269

Heterocyst formation and nitrogenase synthesis in Anabaena sp  

Microsoft Academic Search

When filaments from a culture of Anabaena sp. growing photoautotrophically with nitrate as a nitrogen source are placed in a nitrate-free mineral medium and incubated anaerobically in the light, the formation of heterocysts and the synthesis of nitrogenase both begin after a lag of about 24 hours. During the lag period, about 70% of the phycocyanin is destroyed. Under an

Alasdair Neilson; Rosmarie Rippka; Riyo Kunisawa

1971-01-01

270

Parallel File Systems for the IBM SP Computers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parallel computer architectures require innovative software solutions to utilize their capabilities. This statement is true for system software no less than for application programs. File system development for the ISM SP product line of computers started with the Vesta research project, which introduced the ideas of parallel access to partitioned files. This technology was then integrated with a conventional Advanced

Peter F. Corbett; Dror G. Feitelson; Jean-pierre Prost; George S. Almasi; Sandra Johnson Baylor; Anthony Bolmarcich; Yarsun Hsu; Julian Satran; Marc Snir; Robert Colao; Brian D. Herr; Joe Kavaky; Thomas R. Morgan; Anthony Zlotek

1995-01-01

271

THE SAGA OF A MALE FERTILITY PROTEIN (SP22)  

EPA Science Inventory

Toxicologic studies designed to identify chemical-induced alterations in the structure and function of the epididymis, particularly the acquisition of fertility by proximal cauda epididymal sperm, have lead to the discovery of a novel sperm protein (SP22) that is well correlated ...

272

Growth kinetics of the omnivorous oligotrich ciliate Strombidium sp  

Microsoft Academic Search

The marine ciliate Strombidium sp. can bc raised through multiple generations on a monoxenic diet of the bacterium Vibrio natriegens, but Strombidium specific growth rates and yields are 3-4 times higher when a heterotrophic microllagellate is included as prey. In contrast to earlier studies we found that Strombidium grew inefficiently when feeding as a bacterivore, with gross growth efficiencies (K,)

MARK D. OHMAN; RICHARD A. SNYDER

1991-01-01

273

Kocuria salsicia sp. nov., isolated from salt-fermented seafood  

E-print Network

Kocuria salsicia sp. nov., isolated from salt- fermented seafood Ji-Hyun Yun,1 Seong Woon Roh,1 sequences from strain 104T and reference species of the genus Kocuria indicated that strain 104T formed.5 %). Strain 104T was most closely related to Kocuria rhizophila TA68T (98.9 % 16S rRNA gene sequence

Bae, Jin-Woo

274

Soil treatments against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum race 4  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Few economically feasible disease management options are available for California cotton producers with fields infested with race 4 of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum. For treating soil to reduce inoculum levels, past studies indicate that solarization and fumigation with metam-sodium may be a...

275

Pandoraea sp. RB-44, A Novel Quorum Sensing Soil Bacterium  

PubMed Central

Proteobacteria are known to communicate via signaling molecules and this process is known as quorum sensing. The most commonly studied quorum sensing molecules are N-acylhomoserine lactones (AHLs) that consists of a homoserine lactone moiety and an N-acyl side chain with various chain lengths and degrees of saturation at the C-3 position. We have isolated a bacterium, RB-44, from a site which was formally a landfill dumping ground. Using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry analysis, this isolate was identified as a Pandoraea sp.which was then screened for AHL production using biosensors which indicated its quorum sensing properties. To identify the AHL profile of Pandoraea sp. RB-44, we used high resolution tandem mass spectrometry confirming that this isolate produced N-octanoylhomoserine lactone (C8-HSL). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report that showed quorum sensing activity exhibited by Pandoraea sp. Our data add Pandoraea sp. to the growing number of bacteria that possess QS systems. PMID:24145919

Han-Jen, Robson Ee; Wai-Fong, Yin; Kok-Gan, Chan

2013-01-01

276

SP.268 Syllabus Melissa Gymrek (mgymrek), Jing Li (lijing)  

E-print Network

SP.268 Syllabus Melissa Gymrek (mgymrek), Jing Li (lijing) Supervisor: Erik Demaine (edemaine - The Mathematics of Toys and Games - Spring 2011 Syllabus Weekly Schedule Week Topic 02-01 Overview and Game Search and Games - Spring 2011 Syllabus · Open Problem Explore (or solve!) an open problem in the field

277

Draft Genome Sequence of Pseudomonas sp. nov. H2  

PubMed Central

We report the draft genome sequence of Pseudomonas sp. nov. H2, isolated from creek sediment in Moscow, ID, USA. The strain is most closely related to Pseudomonas putida. However, it has a slightly smaller genome that appears to have been impacted by horizontal gene transfer and poorly maintains IncP-1 plasmids. PMID:25838493

Loftie-Eaton, Wesley; Suzuki, Haruo; Bashford, Kelsie; Heuer, Holger; Stragier, Pieter; De Vos, Paul; Settles, Matthew L.

2015-01-01

278

Antibacterial Secondary Metabolites from the Cave Sponge Xestospongia sp  

PubMed Central

Chemical investigation of the cave sponge Xestospongia sp. resulted in the isolation of three new polyacetylenic long chain compounds along with two known metabolites. The structures of the new metabolites were established by NMR and MS analyses. The antibacterial activity of the new metabolites was also evaluated. PMID:22822355

Ankisetty, Sridevi; Slattery, Marc

2012-01-01

279

Conversion of multilayer graphene into continuous ultrathin sp3  

E-print Network

- enhanced chemical vapor deposition (CVD)3­5 . Advances in the growth of large-area graphene6,7 and bilayer even very large area by conversion of appropriate multilayer graphene on metal surfaces. The resulting suggest a route to experimental realization of large-area ultrathin sp3 -bonded carbon films on metal

280

SOLID SUBSTRATE PRODUCTION OF ALTERNARIA ALTERNATA F. SP. SPHENOCLEAE.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Sphenoclea zeyanica (gooseweed), a major weed of paddy rice in Southeast Asia, is one of the targets in a biological weed control research program in the Philippines. Afungal pathogen, Alternaria alternata f. sp. sphenocleae, is being evaluated as a biological control agent for this weed. The feas...

281

Root respiration and soil aeration status of blueberries (Vaccinium SP.)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plants of 3 progenies of Vaccinium sp. were utilized in exised root respiration studies over a range of O2 levels from 2.5 to 21%. Root respiration of plants from an intraspecific V. ashei Reade progeny, Powderblue x T?142, were approximately half that of two other progenies, one with germplasm of V. ashei and V. constablaei Gray and the other with

R. F. Korcak

1983-01-01

282

Complete Genome Assembly of Corynebacterium sp. Strain ATCC 6931  

PubMed Central

The genus Corynebacterium is best known for the pathogen C. diphtheriae; however, it contains mostly commensal and nonpathogenic, as well as several opportunistic, pathogens. Here, we present the 2.47-Mb scaffolded assembly of the type strain, Corynebacterium sp. ATCC 6931 (NCTC 1914), as deposited into GenBank under accession number CP008913. PMID:25342684

Daligault, H. E.; Davenport, K. W.; Minogue, T. D.; Bishop-Lilly, K. A.; Bruce, D. C.; Chain, P. S.; Coyne, S. R.; Frey, K. G.; Jaissle, J.; Koroleva, G. I.; Ladner, J. T.; Li, P-E.; Meincke, L.; Munk, A. C.; Palacios, G. F.; Redden, C. L.

2014-01-01

283

Ring B aromatic norpimarane glucoside from a Xylaria sp.  

PubMed

A novel 20-norpimarane glucoside, xylopimarane (1), together with the known sphaeropsidin C (2) and clonostachydiol (3), was isolated from the fungus Xylaria sp. BCC 4297. Compound 1 exhibited cytotoxicity to cancer cell lines KB, MCF-7, and NCI-H187 with respective IC(50) values of 1.0, 13, and 65 ?M. PMID:21226484

Isaka, Masahiko; Yangchum, Arunrat; Auncharoen, Patchanee; Srichomthong, Kitlada; Srikitikulchai, Prasert

2011-02-25

284

New Xenia diterpenoids from the Indonesian soft coral Xenia sp.  

PubMed

Two new xeniolides, xeniolide-F (1) and 9-hydroxyxeniolide-F (2), along with isoxeniolide-A (3) and 7,8-oxido-isoxeniolide-A (4), have been isolated from Xenia sp. and their structures established on the basis of extensive NMR and MS studies. PMID:12027764

Anta, Cristina; González, Noemí; Santafé, Gilmar; Rodríguez, Jaime; Jiménez, Carlos

2002-05-01

285

Blastopirellula cremea sp. nov., isolated from a dead ark clam  

E-print Network

Blastopirellula cremea sp. nov., isolated from a dead ark clam Hae-Won Lee,1, 2 3 Seong Woon Roh,1 a dead ark clam (Scapharca broughtonii) from the south coast of Korea. Strain LHWP2T grew optimally at 30 clam farm in Gangjin Bay, South Korea. In this study, the novel strain LHWP2T was characterized using

Bae, Jin-Woo

286

Forecasting the S&P 500 index using time series analysis and simulation methods  

E-print Network

The S&P 500 represents a diverse pool of securities in addition to Large Caps. A range of audiences are interested in the S&P 500 forecasts including investors, speculators, economists, government and researchers. The ...

Chan, Eric Glenn

2009-01-01

287

Dried Colony in Cyanobacterium, Nostoc sp. HK-01 — Several high Space Environment Tolerances for ``Tanpopo'' Mission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A cyanobacterium, Nostoc sp. HK-01, has high several space environmental tolerance. Nostoc sp HK-01 would have high contribution for the “Tanpopo” mission in Japan Experimental Module of the International Space Station.

Tomita-Yokotani, K.; Kimura, S.; Kimura, Y.; Igarashi, Y.; Ajioka, R.; Sato, S.; Katoh, H.; Baba, K.

2013-11-01

288

Biosorption characteristics of copper (II), chromium (III), nickel (II), and lead (II) from aqueous solutions by Chara sp. and Cladophora sp.  

PubMed

The aim of this research was to expose individual removals of copper, chromium, nickel, and lead from aqueous solutions via biosorption using nonliving algae species, Chara sp. and Cladophora sp. Optimum pH values for biosorption of copper (II), chromium (III), nickel (II), and lead (II) from aqueous solutions were determined to be 6, 7, 7, and 3 for Cladophora sp. and 5, 3, 5, and 4 for Chara sp. respectively. Maximum adsorption capacities of Chara sp. [10.54 for chromium (III) and 61.72 for lead (II)] and Cladophora sp. [6.59 for chromium (III) and 16.75 and 23.25 for lead (II)] for chromium (III) and lead (II) are similar. On the other hand, copper (II) and nickel (II) biosorption capacity of Cladophora sp. [14.28 for copper (II) and 16.75 for nickel (II)] is greater than Chara sp. [6.506 for copper (II) and 11.76 for nickel (II)]. Significantly high correlation coefficients indicated for the Langmuir adsorption isotherm models can be used to describe the equilibrium behavior of copper, chromium, nickel, and lead adsorption onto Cladophora sp. and Chara sp. PMID:17910369

Elmaci, Ay?e; Yonar, Taner; Ozengin, Nihan

2007-09-01

289

An Insight into the Diverse Roles of Surfactant Proteins, SP-A and SP-D in Innate and Adaptive Immunity  

PubMed Central

Surfactant proteins SP-A and SP-D are hydrophilic, collagen-containing calcium-dependent lectins, which appear to have a range of innate immune functions at pulmonary as well as extrapulmonary sites. These proteins bind to target ligands on pathogens, allergens, and apoptotic cells, via C-terminal homotrimeric carbohydrate recognition domains, while the collagen region brings about the effector functions via its interaction with cell surface receptors. SP-A and SP-D deal with various pathogens, using a range of innate immune mechanisms such as agglutination/aggregation, enhancement of phagocytosis, and killing mechanisms by phagocytic cells and direct growth inhibition. SP-A and SP-D have also been shown to be involved in the control of pulmonary inflammation including allergy and asthma. Emerging evidence suggest that SP-A and SP-D are capable of linking innate immunity with adaptive immunity that includes modulation of dendritic cell function and helper T cell polarization. This review enumerates immunological properties of SP-A and SP-D inside and outside lungs and discusses their importance in human health and disease. PMID:22701116

Nayak, Annapurna; Dodagatta-Marri, Eswari; Tsolaki, Anthony George; Kishore, Uday

2012-01-01

290

Expression of lung surfactant proteins SP-B and SP-C and their modulating factors in fetal lung of FGR rats.  

PubMed

This study investigated the expression of lung surfactant proteins SP-B and SP-C, and their modulating factors TTF-1 and PLAGL2 in the fetal lung of rats with fetal growth restriction (FGR). The rat FGR model was established by prenatal hypoxia in the first stage of pregnancy, 180 rats for experiment served as hypoxia group, and 197 healthy rats served as normal control group. The FGR incidence in hypoxia was compared with that in normal control group. The histological changes in the fetal lung were observed under the light microscope and electronic microscope in two groups. The SP-B, SP-C, TTF-1 and PLAGL2 proteins were determined in the fetal lung of two groups immunohistochemically. The expression levels of SP-B, SP-C, TTF-1 and PLAGL2 protein and mRNA in the fetal lung of two groups were detected by using Western blotting and RT-PCR respectively. The FGR rat model was successfully established by using hypoxia. Pathologically the fetal lung developed slowly, and the expression levels of SP-B, SP-C, TTF-1 and PLAGL2 protein and mRNA in the fetal lung were significantly reduced in hypoxia group as compared with those in normal control group. It was suggested that maternal hypoxia in the first stage of pregnancy could induce FGR, and reduce the expression of SP-B and SP-C, resulting in the disorder of fetal lung development and maturation. PMID:25673205

Deng, Fei-Tao; Ouyang, Wei-Xiang; Ge, Liang-Fang; Zhang, Li; Chai, Xin-Qun

2015-02-01

291

Mike Rose SP10 UCSD FPGA FPGA PCIePCIe BandwidthBandwidth  

E-print Network

Mike Rose SP10 UCSD FPGA FPGA PCIePCIe BandwidthBandwidth Mike Rose 6/9/10 SP10 UCSD 1 #12;Mike Rose SP10 UCSD Why use an FPGA?Why use an FPGA? · Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) · Programmable detection ­ 60 fps Point Tracker 4 #12;Mike Rose SP10 UCSD FPGA CommunicationFPGA Communication · Why

292

GATA4 regulates ANF expression synergistically with Sp1 in a cardiac hypertrophy model  

PubMed Central

Abstract Cardiac hypertrophy in response to multiple stimuli has important physiological and pathological significances. GATA4 serves as a nuclear integrator of several signalling pathways during cardiac hypertrophy. Sp1 and Sp3 are also reported to be involved in this process. However, the mechanism by which GATA4 acts as a mediator, integrating these ubiquitously expressed transcriptional factors, is poorly understood. We found that the expression of GATA4 and Sp1 was up-regulated in the myocardium of a pressure overload hypertrophy rat model, as well in phenylephrine-induced (PE-induced) hypertrophic growth of neonatal cardiomyocytes. GST pull-down assays demonstrated that GATA4 could interact with Sp1 in vitro. Therefore, we proposed that GATA4 cooperates with Sp1 in regulating ANF expression, as its reactivation is closely linked with hypertrophy. Further studies demonstrated that GATA4 could activate the ANF promoter synergistically with Sp1 through direct interaction. In contrast, Sp3 exhibited antagonistic function, and overexpression of Sp3 repressed the transcriptional synergy between Sp1 and GATA4. We also found that Sp1 alone could activate the ANF promoter in cardiomyocytes, whereas Sp3 exerted negative effects on ANF expression. Bioinformatics analysis revealed novel Sp-binding sites on the ANF promoter. The recruitment of GATA4 and Sp1 on the ANF promoter was enhanced during phenylephrine-mediated hypertrophy, whereas the recruitment of Sp3 was reduced. The phosphorylation of GATA4 by ERK1/2 kinase could enhance the affinity between GATA4 and Sp1. Thus, our findings revealed the critical interaction of GATA4 and Sp1 in modulating ANF expression, indicating their involvement in cardiac hypertrophy. PMID:20874724

Hu, Xiaoqing; Li, Tao; Zhang, Chenguang; Liu, Yinan; Xu, Ming; Wang, Weiping; Jia, Zhuqing; Ma, Kangtao; Zhang, Youyi; Zhou, Chunyan

2011-01-01

293

The sea urchin complement homologue, SpC3, functions as an opsonin  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purple sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus expresses a homologue of complement component C3 (SpC3), which acts as a humoral opsonin. Significantly increased phagocytic activity was evident when yeast target cells were opsonized after incubation with coelomic fluid containing SpC3. SpC3 could be detected on the surface of yeast, and phagocytic activity could be inhibited by an anti-SpC3 antibody. This indicates

Lori A. Clow; David A. Raftos; Paul S. Gross; L. Courtney Smith

2004-01-01

294

Proteome analysis of Pseudomonas sp. K82 biodegradation pathways.  

PubMed

Pseudomonas sp. K82 is a soil bacterium that can degrade and use monocyclic aromatic compounds including aniline, 3-methylaniline, 4-methylaniline, benzoate and p-hydroxybenzoate as its sole carbon and energy sources. In order to understand the impact of these aromatic compounds on metabolic pathways in Pseudomonas sp. K82, proteomes obtained from cultures exposed to different substrates were displayed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and were compared to search for differentially induced metabolic enzymes. Column separations of active fractions were performed to identify major biodegradation enzymes. More than thirty proteins involved in biodegradation and other types of metabolism were identified by electrospray ionization-quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry. The proteome analysis suggested that Pseudomonas sp. K82 has three main metabolic pathways to degrade these aromatic compounds and induces specific metabolic pathways for each compound. The catechol 2,3-dioxygenase (CD2,3) pathway was the major pathway and the catechol 1,2-dioxygenase (beta-ketoadipate) pathway was the secondary pathway induced by aniline (aniline analogues) exposure. On the other hand, the catechol 1,2-dioxygenase pathway was the major pathway induced by benzoate exposure. For the degradation of p-hydroxybenzoate, the protocatechuate 4,5-dioxygenase pathway was the major degradation pathway induced. The nuclear magnetic resonance analysis of substrates demonstrated that Pseudomonas sp. K82 metabolizes some aromatic compounds more rapidly than others (benzoate > p-hydroxybenzoate > aniline) and that when combined, p-hydroxybenzoate metabolism is repressed by the presence of benzoate or aniline. These results suggest that proteome analysis can be useful in the high throughput study of bacterial metabolic pathways, including that of biodegradation, and that inter-relationships exist with respect to the metabolic pathways of aromatic compounds in Pseudomonas sp. K82. PMID:15449373

Kim, Seung Il; Kim, Jin Young; Yun, Sung-Ho; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Leem, Sun-Hee; Lee, Chulhyun

2004-11-01

295

Identification, Distribution and Control of an Invasive Pest Ant, Paratrechina sp. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), in Texas  

E-print Network

. sp. nr. pubens populations................................................................ 16 2.2 Paired t-test of male alate morphometrics from P. pubens and P. sp. nr. pubens populations... discriminant function analysis of male alate morphometrics for P. pubens (Florida and Other) and P. sp. nr. pubens (Texas) populations............................................................... 19 3.1 Formicid sample...

Meyers, Jason

2010-01-16

296

IDENTIFICATION AND MOLECULAR CLONING OF XENOPUS LAEVIS SP22, A PROTEIN ASSOCIATED WITH FERTILIZATION IN MAMMALS  

EPA Science Inventory

ABSTRACT SP22 is a protein that has been characterized in rats where it has been related with fertility. SP22 homologues have been studied in mouse and man and a definitive role for the protein has not been assigned yet. By means of a polyclonal IgG to recombinant rat SP22...

297

Lutte biologique contre Polymyxa betae (Kes-kin) au moyen de Trichoderma sp. Rsultats  

E-print Network

NOTE Lutte biologique contre Polymyxa betae (Kes- kin) au moyen de Trichoderma sp. Résultats dans un sol naturelle- ment infesté par Polymyxa betae et traité par un inoculum de Trichoderma sp. 17 of Polymyxa betae (KeskinJ with Trichoderma sp.. Preliminary results in vivo. Seedlings of sugar, beet (cv

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

298

Draft Genome Sequence of Rhodovulum sp. Strain NI22, a Naphthalene-Degrading Marine Bacterium.  

PubMed

Rhodovulum sp. strain NI22 is a hydrocarbon-degrading member of the genus Rhodovulum. The draft genome of Rhodovulum sp. NI22 is 3.8 Mb in size, with 3,756 coding sequences and 64.4% G+C content. The catechol and gentisate pathways for naphthalene degradation are predicted to be present in Rhodovulum sp. NI22. PMID:25614575

Brown, Lisa M; Gunasekera, Thusitha S; Bowen, Loryn L; Ruiz, Oscar N

2015-01-01

299

COMPOSIÇÃO QUÍMICA DO BIOPOLÍMERO DE BEIJERINCKIA sp 7070 POR CROMATOGRAFIA EM CAMADA DELGADA  

Microsoft Academic Search

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF BIOPOLYMER FROM Beijerinckia sp 7070 FOR THIN LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY. We have determined the chemical composition of biopolymer produced by Beijerinckia sp strain 7070 in different fermentation time, by thin layer chromatography. Beijerinckia sp is a Gram- negative, aerobic bacteria, usually found in sugar cane soil. The biopolymer was obtained after 24 or 36 hours incubation, at 24

300

SP Coseismic Signals observed on an electrodes array in an underground quarry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electric self-potentials (SP) and strains were measured on the surface of a pillar of the abandoned underground Meriel limestone quarry (France). The time variations of strains and SP are interpreted in terms of crack instability. The dynamic mapping technique shows that the most intensive SP variations, corresponding to maximum stress variations estimated from strain data, occur in the vicinity of

Olivier Gensane; Boris Konyukhov; Jean-Louis Le Mouël; Pierre Morat

1999-01-01

301

76 FR 72505 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 2290/SP/FR  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Collection; Comment Request for Form 2290/SP/FR AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service...soliciting comments concerning Form 2290/SP/FR Heavy Highway Vehicle Use Tax Return...Number: 1545-0143. Abstract: Form 2290/SP/FR is used to compute and report the...

2011-11-23

302

Report to TechWise Preliminary report Sandeels and clams (Spisula sp.)  

E-print Network

Report to TechWise Preliminary report April 2003 Sandeels and clams (Spisula sp.) in the wind. Summary and conclusions 03 1.1 Sandeels 03 1.2 Clams (Spisula sp.) 03 1.3 Other animals 04 2. Purpose surveys 23 4.3 Clams (Spisula sp.), biology and possible impact 32 4.3.1. Results from surveys 32 4

303

Neotobrilus nicsmolae n. sp. (Tobrilidae: Nematoda) and Chronogaster carolinensis n. sp. (Chronogasteridae: Nematoda) from Lake Phelps, North Carolina  

PubMed Central

Two new species, Neotobrilus nicsmolae n. sp. and Chronogaster carolinensis n. sp. are described from a small, acidic, temperate, natural lake in North Carolina. N. nicsmolae n. sp. comes close to three members of the genus reported from North America, N. filipjevi, N. longus, and N. hopei. However, N. nicsmolae is unique with in the genus in having a combination of characters: size smaller than 1,700 ?m, shorter outer labial and cephalic setae, tail shorter than 250 ?m, last ventromedian supplement close (about 5 ?m) to cloacal opening, spicule length of 61 to 85 ?m, flagelloid sperm, and possession of subterminal setae. Assessment of relationships among clades within the Triplonchida using DNA sequences of the D2D3 expansion segment of the LSU rDNA showed that the family Trichodoridae and the genus Tripyla were recovered as monophyletic. The genus Tobrilus was recovered as monophyletic in the neighbor-joining and maximum likelihood trees, but that was not so in the maximum-parsimony tree. The separation among genera of the Trichodoridae, i.e., Trichodorus and Paratrichodorus, was not clear-cut in all phylograms. Chronogaster carolinensis n. sp. in having one ventral mucro with no spine and vacuolated lateral glandular bodies comes close to C. typica and C. ethiopica but differs from all hitherto known species in a combination of characteristics: in having long cephalic setae, long stoma, crystalloid bodies, vacuolated lateral glandular bodies, and a tail terminus with blunt ventral mucro, and its lack of lateral line. PMID:23589662

Abebe, Eyualem; Ferebee, Briana; Taylor, Tarreyca; Mundo-Ocampo, Manuel; Mekete, Tesfamariam; De Ley, Paul

2013-01-01

304

Biofiltration of trimethylamine, dimethylamine, and methylamine by immobilized Paracoccus sp. CP2 and Arthrobacter sp. CP1.  

PubMed

A biofilter using granular activated carbon with immobilized Paracoccus sp. CP2 was applied to the elimination of 10-250 ppm of trimethylamine (TMA), dimethylamine (DMA), and methylamine (MA). The results indicated that the system effectively treated MA (>93%), DMA (>90%), and TMA (>85%) under high loading conditions, and the maximum degradation rates were 1.4, 1.2, and 0.9g-Nkg(-1) GAC d(-1). Among the three different amines treated, TMA was the most difficult to degrade and resulted in ammonia accumulation. Further study on TMA removal showed that the optimal pH was near neutral (6.0-8.0). The supply of high glucose (>0.1%) inhibited TMA removal, maybe due to substrate competition. However, complete TMA degradation was achieved under the co-immobilization of Paracoccus sp. CP2 and Arthrobacter sp. CP1 ( approximately 96%). Metabolite analysis results demonstrated that the metabolite NH(4)(+) concentrations decreased by a relatively small 27% while the metabolite NO(2)(-) apparently increased by heterotrophic nitrification of Arthrobacter sp. CP1 in the co-immobilization biofilter. PMID:18331754

Ho, Kuo-Ling; Chung, Ying-Chien; Lin, Yueh-Hsien; Tseng, Ching-Ping

2008-05-01

305

Mixibius parvus sp. nov. and Diphascon (Diphascon) ziliense sp. nov., two new species of Eutardigrada from Sicily.  

PubMed

Two new species, Mixibius parvus sp. nov. and Diphascon (Diphascon) ziliense sp. nov. are described from Sicily. Mixibius parvus sp. nov. has three macroplacoids and a microplacoid and differs from M. tibetanus, the only other known species of the genus with those characteristics, in having a wrinkled cuticle without true small tubercles, a shorter microplacoid, smaller claw pt index values, and in lacking a cuticular bar on the first three pairs of the legs.Diphascon (Diphascon) ziliense sp. nov. lacks eye spots, has a pharyngeal bulb with two macroplacoids and a septulum, and possesses lunules and cuticular bars on the legs. It is similar to D. (D.) ramazzottii and D. (D.) procerum but differs from them in characters of the cuticular ornamentation and, in addition, from D. (D.) ramazzottii in having lunules and slightly longer claws in proportion to the body size and to the buccal tube. The new species differs from D. (D.) procerum in having stouter claws with a wider common portion and with the main branches shorter in proportion to the total length of the respective claws. PMID:24871024

Lisi, Oscar; Sabella, Giorgio; Pilato, Giovanni

2014-01-01

306

Whole-Genome Sequence of Enterobacter sp. Strain SST3, an Endophyte Isolated from Jamaican Sugarcane (Saccharum sp.) Stalk Tissue  

PubMed Central

Enterobacter sp. strain SST3 is an endophytic bacterium isolated from Saccharum spp. Here we present its annotated draft genome that may shed light on its role as a bacterial endophyte of sugarcane. To our knowledge, this is the first genome announcement of a sugarcane-associated bacterium from the genus Enterobacter. PMID:23045495

Gan, Han Ming; McGroty, Sean E.; Chew, Teong Han; Chan, Kok Gan; Buckley, Larry J.; Savka, Michael A.

2012-01-01

307

?????????????? Amphidinium sp. ????? ??????????????? Assesment of Cell Concentration and Yield of Photosynthetic Electron Transport of Amphidinium sp. with Chlorophyll Fluorescence Imaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, chlorophyll fluorescence imaging of the maximal yield in the dark was applied to estimation of cell concentration of Amphidinium sp. As the result, a linear relationship was observed between chlorophyll fluorescence intensity and cell concentration. It was revealed that the method enabled rapid measurement of cell concentration without effect of chlorophyll fluorescence induction. To investigate the effect

Atsumi Konishi; Kenji Omasa; Masao Hayashi; Ryosuke Endo; Atsunori Masuda; Tomoko Ozawa; Masashi Tsuda

308

Search for the pentaquark state in ?(2S) and J/? decays to K0SpK-n¯ and K0Sp¯K+n  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Results are presented on ?(2S) and J/? hadronic decays to K0SpK-n¯ and K0Sp¯K+n final states from data samples of 14 million ?(2S) and 58 million J/? events accumulated at the BES II detector. No ?(1540) signal, the pentaquark candidate, is observed, and upper limits are set for B(?(2S)???¯?K0SpK-n¯+K0Sp¯K+n)<0.84×10-5 and B(J/????¯?K0SpK-n¯+K0Sp¯K+n)<1.1×10-5 at the 90% confidence level. For single ?(1540) production, the upper limits determined by our analysis are also on the order of 10-5 in both ?(2S) and J/? decays.

Bai, J. Z.; Ban, Y.; Bian, J. G.; Cai, X.; Chang, J. F.; Chen, H. F.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, H. X.; Chen, J.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, Jun; Chen, M. L.; Chen, Y. B.; Chi, S. P.; Chu, Y. P.; Cui, X. Z.; Dai, H. L.; Dai, Y. S.; Deng, Z. Y.; Dong, L. Y.; Du, S. X.; Du, Z. Z.; Fang, J.; Fang, S. S.; Fu, C. D.; Fu, H. Y.; Fu, L. P.; Gao, C. S.; Gao, M. L.; Gao, Y. N.; Gong, M. Y.; Gong, W. X.; Gu, S. D.; Guo, Y. N.; Guo, Y. Q.; Guo, Z. J.; Han, S. W.; Harris, F. A.; He, J.; He, K. L.; He, M.; He, X.; Heng, Y. K.; Hu, H. M.; Hu, T.; Huang, G. S.; Huang, L.; Huang, X. P.; Ji, X. B.; Jia, Q. Y.; Jiang, C. H.; Jiang, X. S.; Jin, D. P.; Jin, S.; Jin, Y.; Lai, Y. F.; Li, F.; Li, G.; Li, H. H.; Li, J.; Li, J. C.; Li, Q. J.; Li, R. B.; Li, R. Y.; Li, S. M.; Li, W.; Li, W. G.; Li, X. L.; Li, X. Q.; Li, X. S.; Liang, Y. F.; Liao, H. B.; Liu, C. X.; Liu, Fang; Liu, F.; Liu, H. M.; Liu, J. B.; Liu, J. P.; Liu, R. G.; Liu, Y.; Liu, Z. A.; Liu, Z. X.; Lu, G. R.; Lu, F.; Lu, J. G.; Luo, C. L.; Luo, X. L.; Ma, F. C.; Ma, J. M.; Ma, L. L.; Ma, X. Y.; Mao, Z. P.; Meng, X. C.; Mo, X. H.; Nie, J.; Nie, Z. D.; Olsen, S. L.; Peng, H. P.; Qi, N. D.; Qian, C. D.; Qin, H.; Qiu, J. F.; Ren, Z. Y.; Rong, G.; Shan, L. Y.; Shang, L.; Shen, D. L.; Shen, X. Y.; Sheng, H. Y.; Shi, F.; Shi, X.; Song, L. W.; Sun, H. S.; Sun, S. S.; Sun, Y. Z.; Sun, Z. J.; Tang, X.; Tao, N.; Tian, Y. R.; Tong, G. L.; Varner, G. S.; Wang, D. Y.; Wang, J. Z.; Wang, L.; Wang, L. S.; Wang, M.; Wang, Meng; Wang, P.; Wang, P. L.; Wang, S. Z.; Wang, W. F.; Wang, Y. F.; Wang, Zhe; Wang, Z.; Wang, Zheng; Wang, Z. Y.; Wei, C. L.; Wu, N.; Wu, Y. M.; Xia, X. M.; Xie, X. X.; Xin, B.; Xu, G. F.; Xu, H.; Xu, Y.; Xue, S. T.; Yan, M. L.; Yan, W. B.; Yang, F.; Yang, H. X.; Yang, J.; Yang, S. D.; Yang, Y. X.; Yi, L. H.; Yi, Z. Y.; Ye, M.; Ye, M. H.; Ye, Y. X.; Yu, C. S.; Yu, G. W.; Yuan, C. Z.; Yuan, J. M.; Yuan, Y.; Yue, Q.; Zang, S. L.; Zeng, Y.; Zhang, B. X.; Zhang, B. Y.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, D. H.; Zhang, H. Y.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, J. M.; Zhang, J. Y.; Zhang, J. W.; Zhang, L. S.; Zhang, Q. J.; Zhang, S. Q.; Zhang, X. M.; Zhang, X. Y.; Zhang, Yiyun; Zhang, Y. J.; Zhang, Y. Y.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhang, Z. Q.; Zhao, D. X.; Zhao, J. B.; Zhao, J. W.; Zhao, P. P.; Zhao, W. R.; Zhao, X. J.; Zhao, Y. B.; Zhao, Z. G.; Zheng, H. Q.; Zheng, J. P.; Zheng, L. S.; Zheng, Z. P.; Zhong, X. C.; Zhou, B. Q.; Zhou, G. M.; Zhou, L.; Zhou, N. F.; Zhu, K. J.; Zhu, Q. M.; Zhu, Yingchun; Zhu, Y. C.; Zhu, Y. S.; Zhu, Z. A.; Zhuang, B. A.; Zou, B. S.

2004-07-01

309

Halobellus limi sp. nov. and Halobellus salinus sp. nov., isolated from two marine solar salterns.  

PubMed

Two halophilic archaea, strains TBN53(T) and CSW2.24.4(T), were characterized to elucidate their taxonomic status. Strain TBN53(T) was isolated from the Taibei marine solar saltern near Lianyungang city, Jiangsu province, China, whereas strain CSW2.24.4(T) was isolated from a saltern crystallizer in Victoria, Australia. Cells of the two strains were pleomorphic, stained Gram-negative and produced red-pigmented colonies. Strain TBN53(T) was able to grow at 25-55 °C (optimum 45 °C), with 1.4-5.1 M NaCl (optimum 2.6-3.9 M NaCl), with 0-1.0 M MgCl(2) (optimum 0-0.1 M MgCl(2)) and at pH 5.5-9.5 (optimum pH 7.0), whereas strain CSW2.24.4(T) was able to grow at 25-45 °C (optimum 37 °C), with 2.6-5.1 M NaCl (optimum 3.4 M NaCl), with 0.01-0.7 M MgCl(2) (optimum 0.05 M MgCl(2)) and at pH 5.5-9.5 (optimum pH 7.0-7.5). Cells of the two isolates lysed in distilled water. The minimum NaCl concentrations that prevented cell lysis were 8 % (w/v) for strain TBN53(T) and 12 % (w/v) for strain CSW2.24.4(T). The major polar lipids of the two strains were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester and phosphatidylglycerol sulfate, with two glycolipids chromatographically identical to sulfated mannosyl glucosyl diether and mannosyl glucosyl diether, respectively. Trace amounts of other unidentified lipids were also detected. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strains TBN53(T) and CSW2.24.4(T) showed 94.1 % similarity to each other and were closely related to Halobellus clavatus TNN18(T) (95.0 and 94.7 % similarity, respectively). Levels of rpoB' gene sequence similarity between strains TBN53(T) and CSW2.24.4(T), and between these strains and Halobellus clavatus TNN18(T) were 88.5, 88.5 and 88.1 %, respectively. The DNA G+C contents of strains TBN53(T) and CSW2.24.4(T) were 69.2 and 67.0 mol%, respectively. The level of DNA-DNA relatedness between strain TBN53(T) and strain CSW2.24.4(T) was 25 %, and these two strains showed low levels of DNA-DNA relatedness with Halobellus clavatus TNN18(T) (30 and 29 % relatedness, respectively). Based on these phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties, two novel species of the genus Halobellus are proposed to accommodate these two strains, Halobellus limi sp. nov. (type strain TBN53(T) = CGMCC 1.10331(T) = JCM 16811(T)) and Halobellus salinus sp. nov. (type strain CSW2.24.4(T) = DSM 18730(T) = CGMCC 1.10710(T) = JCM 14359(T)). PMID:22661071

Cui, Heng-Lin; Yang, Xin; Zhou, Yu-Guang; Liu, Hong-Can; Zhou, Pei-Jin; Dyall-Smith, Mike L

2012-06-01

310

Novel chemolithotrophic, thermophilic, anaerobic bacteria Thermolithobacter ferrireducens gen. nov., sp. nov. and Thermolithobacter carboxydivorans sp. nov.  

PubMed

Three thermophilic strains of chemolithoautotrophic Fe(III)-reducers were isolated from mixed sediment and water samples (JW/KA-1 and JW/KA-2(T): Calcite Spring, Yellowstone N.P., WY, USA; JW/JH-Fiji-2: Savusavu, Vanu Levu, Fiji). All were Gram stain positive rods (approximately 0.5 x 1.8 microm). Cells occurred singly or in V-shaped pairs, and they formed long chains in complex media. All utilized H(2) to reduce amorphous iron (III) oxide/hydroxide to magnetite at temperatures from 50 to 75 degrees C (opt. approximately 73 degrees C). Growth occurred within the pH(60C) range of 6.5-8.5 (opt. pH(60C) 7.1-7.3). Magnetite production by resting cells occurred at pH(60C) 5.5-10.3 (opt. 7.3). The iron (III) reduction rate was 1.3 mumol Fe(II) produced x h(-1) x ml(-1) in a culture with 3 x 10(7) cells, one of the highest rates reported. In the presence or absence of H(2), JW/KA-2(T) did not utilize CO. The G + C content of the genomic DNA of the type strain is 52.7 +/- 0.3 mol%. Strains JW/KA-1 and JW/KA-2(T) each contain two different 16S rRNA gene sequences. The 16S rRNA gene sequences from JW/KA-1, JW/KA-2(T), or JW/JH-Fiji-2 possessed >99% similarity to each other but also 99% similarity to the 16S rRNA gene sequence from the anaerobic, thermophilic, hydrogenogenic CO-oxidizing bacterium 'Carboxydothermus restrictus' R1. DNA-DNA hybridization between strain JW/KA-2(T) and strain R1(T) yielded 35% similarity. Physiological characteristics and the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the strains represent two novel species and are placed into the novel genus Thermolithobacter within the phylum 'Firmicutes'. In addition, the levels of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between the lineage containing the Thermolithobacter and well-established members of the three existing classes of the 'Firmicutes' is less than 85%. Therefore, Thermolithobacter is proposed to constitute the first genus within a novel class of the 'Firmicutes', Thermolithobacteria. The Fe(III)-reducing Thermolithobacter ferrireducens gen. nov., sp. nov. is designated as the type species with strain JW/KA-2(T) (ATCC 700985(T), DSM 13639(T)) as its type strain. Strain R1(T) is the type strain for the hydrogenogenic, CO-oxidizing Thermolithobacter carboxydivorans sp. nov. (DSM 7242(T), VKM 2359(T)). PMID:17021657

Sokolova, T; Hanel, J; Onyenwoke, R U; Reysenbach, A-L; Banta, A; Geyer, R; González, J M; Whitman, W B; Wiegel, J

2007-01-01

311

Mixed phase, sp2-sp3 bonded, and disordered few layer graphene-like nanocarbon: Synthesis and characterizations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on a method for the synthesis of Graphene-like nanocarbon (GNC) sheets. The obtained GNC contain mixed phase, sp2-sp3 bonded, and few atom layer of disordered carbon network. Initially, the mixture of soft wood charcoal (C), potassium nitrate (KNO3), and sulfur (S) was subjected to the combustion process. The obtained (as-synthesized) samples were intercalated (in H2SO4 (98%): HNO3 (60%), 48 h at 300 K) and subsequently annealed at 1000 °C for ˜60 s. The as-synthesized, intercalated, and annealed samples were studied using number of characterization techniques. The Raman spectra (at ? = 514 nm) recorded for the as-synthesized samples showed five prominent peaks, namely, for amorphous-Carbon (a-C), D doublet, small G, and 2D band. The position and intensity of the recorded peaks were varied for the intercalated and annealed samples. Our SEM analysis revealed that, the area of the GNC sheets varied typically in the range of 10 to 20 ?m2. The analysis of HRTEM/SAED together showed that the intercalated samples contained a-C phase, whereas, short range ordering was observed for the annealed samples. The tunneling spectra recorded for the annealed GNC sheets showed V-shaped local density of states with the peak present near the minima. Our analysis revealed that, the sp2 chains and the polycyclic carbon rings (PCR) could be formed in the host ta-C matrix generating mixed sp2-sp3 bonded carbon network along with the local disorder. Details are presented.

Kumar, Arvind; Patil, Sumati; Joshi, Anupama; Bhoraskar, Vasant; Datar, Suwarna; Alegaonkar, Prashant

2013-04-01

312

Direct Synthesis of 2-Aryl-4-quinolones via Transition-Metal-Free Intramolecular Oxidative C(sp(3))-H/C(sp(3))-H Coupling.  

PubMed

A novel, metal-free oxidative intramolecular Mannich reaction was developed between secondary amines and unmodified ketones, affording a simple and direct access to a broad range of 2-arylquinolin-4(1H)-ones through C(sp(3))-H activation/C(sp(3))-C(sp(3)) bond formation from readily available N-arylmethyl-2-aminophenylketones, using TEMPO as the oxidant and KO(t)Bu as the base. PMID:25700137

Hu, Wei; Lin, Jian-Ping; Song, Li-Rui; Long, Ya-Qiu

2015-03-01

313

Methylation of Adjacent CpG Sites Affects Sp1/Sp3 Binding and Activity in the p21Cip1 Promoter  

PubMed Central

DNA methylation in the promoter of certain genes is associated with transcriptional silencing. Methylation affects gene expression directly by interfering with transcription factor binding and/or indirectly by recruiting histone deacetylases through methyl-DNA-binding proteins. In this study, we demonstrate that the human lung cancer cell line H719 lacks p53-dependent and -independent p21Cip1 expression. p53 response to treatment with gamma irradiation or etoposide is lost due to a mutation at codon 242 of p53 (C?W). Treatment with depsipeptide, an inhibitor of histone deacetylase, was unable to induce p53-independent p21Cip1 expression because the promoter of p21Cip1 in these cells is hypermethylated. By analyzing luciferase activity of transfected p21Cip1 promoter vectors, we demonstrate that depsipeptide functions on Sp1-binding sites to induce p21Cip1 expression. We hypothesize that hypermethylation may interfere with Sp1/Sp3 binding. By using an electrophoretic mobility shift assay, we show that, although methylation within the consensus Sp1-binding site did not reduce Sp1/Sp3 binding, methylation outside of the consensus Sp1 element induced a significant decrease in Sp1/Sp3 binding. Depsipeptide induced p21Cip1 expression was reconstituted when cells were pretreated with 5-aza-2?-deoxycytidine. Our data suggest, for the first time, that hypermethylation around the consensus Sp1-binding sites may directly reduce Sp1/Sp3 binding, therefore leading to a reduced p21Cip1 expression in response to depsipeptide treatment. PMID:12773551

Zhu, Wei-Guo; Srinivasan, Kanur; Dai, Zunyan; Duan, Wenrui; Druhan, Lawrence J.; Ding, Haiming; Yee, Lisa; Villalona-Calero, Miguel A.; Plass, Christoph; Otterson, Gregory A.

2003-01-01

314

Cisplatin in 5% Ethanol Eradicates Cisplatin-Resistant Lung Tumor by Killing Lung Cancer Side Population (SP) Cells and Non-SP Cells  

PubMed Central

Cancer side population (SP) cells with cancer stem cell-like properties are thought to be responsible for lung cancer chemotherapy resistance and currently no drug can efficiently target them. Breast cancer resistance protein (BRCP/ABCG2) is a major drug transporter in protecting lung cancer SP cells from cytotoxic agents. We showed that a low concentration of ethanol, which inhibits many membrane proteins, inhibits ABCG2 in lung cancer SP cells. Furthermore, cytotoxic cisplatin (DDP) in 5% (vol/vol) ethanol kills SP plus non-SP cancer cells better than either treatment alone in eradicating chemoresistant lung tumors. We found that 5% ethanol did not reduce ABCG2 protein levels, but significantly reduced ABCG2 protein function by a Hoechst 33342 extrusion assay, an ATPase activity assay, and transmission electron microscopy. Further, DDP in 5% ethanol (5% ethanol–DDP) induced apoptosis of the SP plus non-SP cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. In DDP-resistant A549/DDP lung tumor-bearing Balb/C nude mice, intratumoral injection of 5% ethanol–DDP regressed tumors and significantly improved survivals compared with 5% ethanol, DDP alone, or control. Intratumoral injection of 5% ethanol–DDP helped eradicate tumors in 30% (3/10) of the mice after 4 weeks treatment. By killing SP and non-SP cancer cells, 5% ethanol–DDP could eradicate DDP-resistant lung tumor and extend survival, providing a novel way to improve chemoresistant lung cancer survival for clinic. PMID:24009622

Niu, Qi; Wang, Wei; Li, Yong; Ruden, Douglas M.; Li, Qian; Wang, Fenghua

2013-01-01

315

Direct Aerobic Carbonylation of C(sp(2))-H and C(sp(3))-H Bonds through Ni/Cu Synergistic Catalysis with DMF as the Carbonyl Source.  

PubMed

The direct carbonylation of aromatic sp(2) and unactivated sp(3) C-H bonds of amides was achieved via nickel/copper catalysis under atmospheric O2 with the assistance of a bidentate directing group. The sp(2) C-H functionalization showed high regioselectivity and good functional group compatibility. The sp(3) C-H functionalization showed high site-selectivity by favoring the C-H bonds of ?-methyl groups over those of the ?-methylene, ?- or ?-methyl groups. Moreover, this reaction showed a predominant preference for functionalizing the ?-methyl over ?-phenyl group. Mechanistic studies revealed that nickel/copper synergistic catalysis is involved in this process. PMID:25815529

Wu, Xuesong; Zhao, Yan; Ge, Haibo

2015-04-22

316

Differential regulation of baboon SP-A1 and SP-A2 genes: structural and functional analysis of 5'-flanking DNA.  

PubMed

Surfactant protein (SP) A gene transcription is developmentally regulated and stimulated by hormones and factors that increase intracellular cAMP. The baboon (b) genome contains two highly similar SP-A genes, bSP-A1 and bSP-A2. With the use of a ribonuclease protection assay with gene-specific probes, the two bSP-A genes were found to be differentially regulated during baboon fetal lung development in that expression of the bSP-A2 gene appeared to be induced to a high level at a later time in gestation than that of the bSP-A1 gene. Both the bSP-A1 and bSP-A2 genes were found to be highly responsive to the inductive effects of cAMP in baboon fetal lung explants in culture. By DNase I footprinting and electrophoretic mobility shift assays with bacterially expressed thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) and type II cell nuclear extracts, three TTF-1 binding elements were identified within the 255-bp region flanking the 5'-end of each bSP-A gene; however, these differed in position and spacing for the two bSP-A genes. To functionally define the genomic regions that are required for cAMP regulation of bSP-A gene expression in type II cells, fusion genes composed of various amounts of 5'-flanking DNA from the bSP-A1 and bSP-A2 genes linked to the human growth hormone structural gene as a reporter were transfected into type II cells in primary culture. We found that 255 bp of 5'-flanking DNA, which contain three TTF-1 binding elements, from bSP-A1 and bSP-A2 genes were sufficient to mediate high basal and cAMP-inducible expression in type II cells. We also observed that there were no obvious differences in the magnitude of the responses of these fusion genes to cAMP treatment. PMID:9843844

Li, J; Gao, E; Seidner, S R; Mendelson, C R

1998-12-01

317

Novel lactic acid bacteria isolated from the bumble bee gut: Convivina intestini gen. nov., sp. nov., Lactobacillus bombicola sp. nov., and Weissella bombi sp. nov.  

PubMed

Twelve isolates of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were obtained in the course of a bumble bee gut microbiota study and grouped into four matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry clusters. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that cluster 1 isolates, represented by strain LMG 28288(T), are most closely related to Lactobacillus apis (97.0 % sequence similarity to that of L. apis LMG 26964(T)). Cluster 2 isolates represented by strain LMG 28290(T) are most closely related to Weissella hellenica (99.6 % sequence similarity to that of W. hellenica LMG 15125(T)). The single cluster 3 and 4 isolates had identical 16S rRNA gene sequences which were 94.8 % similar to that of Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides LMG 6893(T), their nearest phylogenetic neighbour. A polyphasic taxonomic study additionally including comparative pheS sequence analysis, DNA-DNA hybridization experiments, DNA G+C content analysis, (GTG)5-PCR fingerprinting and a biochemical characterization, demonstrated that cluster 1 isolates represent a novel Lactobacillus species for which we propose the name Lactobacillus bombicola sp. nov. with LMG 28288(T) (= DSM 28793(T)) as the type strain; and that cluster 2 isolates represent a novel Weissella species for which we propose the name Weissella bombi sp. nov. with LMG 28290(T) (= DSM 28794(T)) as the type strain. Cluster 3 and 4 isolates, in contrast, represented a very distinct, novel taxon that could be distinguished from members of the genera Leuconostoc and Fructobacillus, its nearest phylogenetic neighbours, by its cellular morphology, non-fructophilic metabolism and DNA G+C content. We therefore classify both isolates into a novel species representing a novel LAB genus for which the name Convivina intestini gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed with LMG 28291(T) (= DSM 28795(T)) as the type strain. PMID:25783976

Praet, Jessy; Meeus, Ivan; Cnockaert, Margo; Houf, Kurt; Smagghe, Guy; Vandamme, Peter

2015-05-01

318

Flavobacterium degerlachei sp. nov., Flavobacterium frigoris sp. nov. and Flavobacterium micromati sp. nov., novel psychrophilic bacteria isolated from microbial mats in Antarctic lakes.  

PubMed

Taxonomic studies were performed on 36 strains that were isolated from microbial mats in Antarctic lakes of the Vestfold Hills, the Larsemann Hills and the McMurdo Dry Valleys. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that these strains are related to members of the genus Flavobacterium; sequence similarity values with their nearest phylogenetic neighbours ranged from 96.8 to 98.5%. Results of DNA-DNA hybridization and comparison of repetitive extragenic palindromic DNA-PCR fingerprinting patterns revealed that these strains are members of three distinct species. Genotypic results, together with phenotypic characteristics, allowed the differentiation of these species from related Flavobacterium species with validly published names. The isolates are Gram-negative, chemoheterotrophic, rod-shaped cells that are psychrophilic and moderately halotolerant; their DNA G+C contents range from 33.1 to 34.5 mol%. Their whole-cell fatty acid profiles are similar and include C(15:0), anteiso-C(15:0), iso-C(15:0), C(15:1)omega6c, iso-C(16:0), iso-C(16:0) 3-OH and summed feature 3 (which comprises iso-C(15:0) 2-OH, C(16:1)omega7c or both) as major fatty acid components. On the basis of these results, three novel species are proposed, namely Flavobacterium degerlachei sp. nov. (consisting of 14 strains, with LMG 21915T=DSM 15718T as the type strain), Flavobacterium micromati sp. nov. (consisting of three strains, with LMG 21919T=CIP 108161T as the type strain) and Flavobacterium frigoris sp. nov. (consisting of 19 strains, with LMG 21922T=DSM 15719T as the type strain). PMID:14742463

Van Trappen, Stefanie; Vandecandelaere, Ilse; Mergaert, Joris; Swings, Jean

2004-01-01

319

Loktanella salsilacus gen. nov., sp. nov., Loktanella fryxellensis sp. nov. and Loktanella vestfoldensis sp. nov., new members of the Rhodobacter group, isolated from microbial mats in Antarctic lakes.  

PubMed

A taxonomic study was performed on 26 strains isolated from microbial mats in Antarctic lakes of the Vestfold Hills and the McMurdo Dry Valleys. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed these strains within the Rhodobacter group of the alpha-subclass of the Proteobacteria. Sequence similarity values for the strains with their nearest phylogenetic neighbours (Jannaschia, Octadecabacter and Ketogulonicigenium) ranged between 94.0 and 95.8%. DNA-DNA hybridizations and comparison of repetitive extragenic palindromic DNA-PCR (rep-PCR) fingerprinting patterns revealed that these strains are members of three distinct species. The isolates are Gram-negative, chemoheterotrophic, non-motile rods and their DNA G+C contents range from 59.4 to 66.4 mol%. Whole-cell fatty acid profiles are similar and the primary fatty acid in all the strains is 18 : 1 omega7c (74.1-87.7% of total). Genotypic results together with phenotypic characteristics allowed the differentiation of these species from related recognized species of the alpha-Proteobacteria and the strains are assigned to a new genus, Loktanella gen. nov., with three novel species: Loktanella salsilacus sp. nov. (type species), consisting of ten strains with LMG 21507T (=CIP 108322T) as type strain; Loktanella fryxellensis sp. nov., consisting of 12 strains with LMG 22007T (=CIP 108323T) as type strain; and Loktanella vestfoldensis sp. nov., consisting of four strains with LMG 22003T (=CIP 108321TT) as type strain. PMID:15280301

Van Trappen, Stefanie; Mergaert, Joris; Swings, Jean

2004-07-01

320

Dendromonocotyle lasti n. sp. from the skin and Monocotyle caseyae n. sp. (Monogenea: Monocotylidae) from the gills of Himantura sp. (Dasyatidae) in Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia.  

PubMed

Seven specimens of rays of the genus Himantura which could not be identified to species were collected from waters near Dunwich, Stradbroke Island, Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. The five smallest specimens of Himanturasp. (disc width 218-302 mm; four female, one male) had a banded tail and the dorsal surface was uniformly grey/brown. The two largest individuals of Himantura sp. (disc widths 460, 533 mm; female and male, respectively) also had a banded tail but the grey/brown dorsal surface had white spots. Two new monogenean species (Monocotylidae: Monocotylinae) are described from both the 'plain' and 'white-spotted' specimens of Himantura. Dendromonocotyle lastin. sp. is distinguished from other species in the genus by the number of papillae on the haptor, by the morphology of the male copulatory organ and by the morphology of the proximal portion of the vagina. The muscular sheath which surrounds the male copulatory organ is also unique having sclerotised spines at the distal end. Dendromonocotyle species are skin parasites, but a total of five juvenile specimens of D. lasti were found on the gills of four rays. Monocotyle caseyae n. sp. from the gills is characterised by the morphology of the male copulatory organ and its accessory piece. One specimen of M. spiremae Measures, Beverley-Burton & Williams, 1990, originally described from the gills of Himantura fai Jordan & Seale off Heron Island, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia, was also found on the gills of one Himantura specimen. The site and host-specificity of the parasites and the identity of the hosts are discussed. PMID:15841345

Chisholm, Leslie A; Whittington, Ian D

2005-02-01

321

Role of zinc finger structure in nuclear localization of transcription factor Sp1  

SciTech Connect

Transcription factor Sp1 is localized in the nucleus and regulates gene expression. Our previous study demonstrated that the carboxyl terminal region of Sp1 containing 3-zinc finger region as DNA binding domain can also serve as nuclear localization signal (NLS). However, the nuclear transport mechanism of Sp1 has not been well understood. In this study, we performed a gene expression study on mutant Sp1 genes causing a set of amino acid substitutions in zinc finger domains to elucidate nuclear import activity. Nuclear localization of the GFP-fused mutant Sp1 proteins bearing concomitant substitutions in the first and third zinc fingers was highly inhibited. These mutant Sp1 proteins had also lost the binding ability as to the GC box sequence. The results suggest that the overall tertiary structure formed by the three zinc fingers is essential for nuclear localization of Sp1 as well as dispersed basic amino acids within the zinc fingers region.

Ito, Tatsuo; Azumano, Makiko [Department of Medicinal Biotechnology, Institute for Medicinal Research, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokushima, 1-78 Sho-machi, Tokushima 770-8505 (Japan); Uwatoko, Chisana [Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Doshisha Women's University, Kodo, Kyotanabe City, 610-0395 (Japan); Itoh, Kohji [Department of Medicinal Biotechnology, Institute for Medicinal Research, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokushima, 1-78 Sho-machi, Tokushima 770-8505 (Japan)], E-mail: kitoh@ph.tokushima-u.ac.jp; Kuwahara, Jun [Department of Medicinal Biotechnology, Institute for Medicinal Research, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokushima, 1-78 Sho-machi, Tokushima 770-8505 (Japan); Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Doshisha Women's University, Kodo, Kyotanabe City, 610-0395 (Japan)], E-mail: jkuwahar@dwc.doshisha.ac.jp

2009-02-27

322

Responses of Rhodotorula sp. Y11 to cadmium.  

PubMed

Some aspects of the cellular responses to cadmium were extensively investigated in the yeast Rhodotorula sp. Y11. Scanning electron microscopy indicated that accumulation of cadmium in the Y11 did not cause any visible effects on cell morphology. More than 20% yeast cells still showed viability after 15 h of cadmium accumulation under 100 mg l(-1) cadmium concentration, and transmission electron microscopy analysis showed that plasmolysis and thickened cell wall were not observed in all of the cells. In the presence of cadmium, the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) were all greater than the control, but the increase was in a dose-independent manner. Changes in SOD and CAT activities were also dependent on the time of exposure. Therefore, it suggests that antioxidative defenses play an important role in cadmium tolerance in Rhodotorula sp. Y11. Nondenaturing polyacrylamide gels revealed only one SOD isoforms in Y11 even under exposure to cadmium. PMID:18509594

Li, Zhijian; Yuan, Hongli

2008-12-01

323

Genome sequence and description of Corynebacterium ihumii sp. nov.  

PubMed Central

Corynebacterium ihumii strain GD7T sp. nov. is proposed as the type strain of a new species, which belongs to the family Corynebacteriaceae of the class Actinobacteria. This strain was isolated from the fecal flora of a 62 year-old male patient, as a part of the culturomics study. Corynebacterium ihumii is a Gram positive, facultativly anaerobic, nonsporulating bacillus. Here, we describe the features of this organism, together with the high quality draft genome sequence, annotation and the comparison with other member of the genus Corynebacteria. C. ihumii genome is 2,232,265 bp long (one chromosome but no plasmid) containing 2,125 protein-coding and 53 RNA genes, including 4 rRNA genes. The whole-genome shotgun sequence of Corynebacterium ihumii strain GD7T sp. nov has been deposited in EMBL under accession number GCA_000403725. PMID:25197488

Padmanabhan, Roshan; Dubourg, Grégory; Lagier, Jean-Christophe; Couderc, Carine; Michelle, Caroline; Raoult, Didier; Fournier, Pierre-Edouard

2014-01-01

324

Laboratory studies on biomachining of copper using Staphylococcus sp.  

PubMed

The possibility of using bacteria to drill metallic surfaces has been demonstrated using Staphylococcus sp., a facultative anaerobic bacterium, isolated from corroded copper piping. The experiment involved exposure of copper coupons (25 mm x 15 mm x 3 mm) to a culture of Staphylococcus sp. for a maximum period of 7 days. Coupons exposed to sterile bacterial growth medium were used as controls. Exposed coupons were removed intermittently and observed microscopically for the extent of drilling. The total pit area and volume on these coupons were determined using image analysis. The results showed that both the biomachined area and volume increased with the duration of coupon exposure. In the drilling experiment, a copper thin film 2 microm thick was perforated by this bacterium within a period of 7 days. In conclusion, the results suggested that bacteria can be used as a tool for machining metallic surfaces. PMID:19440892

Shikata, Shinji; Sreekumari, Kurissery R; Nandakumar, Kanavillil; Ozawa, Mazayoshi; Kikuchi, Yasushi

2009-01-01

325

Biodegradation of 4-chloroindole by Exiguobacterium sp. PMA.  

PubMed

Exiguobacterium sp. PMA utilized 4-chloroindole as its sole source of carbon and energy. The effect of initial concentrations of substrate on the 4-chloroindole degradation was studied and observed that strain PMA was capable of degrading 4-chloroindole up to concentration of 0.5mM. The degradation pathway of 4-chloroindole was studied for Exiguobacterium sp. PMA based on metabolites identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. 4-Chloroindole was initially dehalogenated to indole that was further degraded via isatin, anthranilic acid, and salicylic acid. The potential of strain PMA to degrade 4-chloroindole in soil was monitored using soil microcosms, and it was observed that the cells of strain PMA efficiently degraded 4-chloroindole in the soil. The results of microcosm studies show that strain PMA may be used for bioremediation of 4-chloroindole-contaminated sites. This is the first report of the bacterial degradation of 4-chloroindole. PMID:25463241

Arora, Pankaj Kumar; Bae, Hanhong

2015-03-01

326

Description of Goffartia phalacra n. sp. (Diplogastridae: Nematoda) from India  

PubMed Central

A new species, Goffartia phalacra n. sp. is described and illustrated. The body is thin and slender with L = 511 to 646 ?m; a = 37.1 to 47.4; b = 4.8 to 6; c = 2.6 to 4.8; c? = 13.6 to 32.8; V = 40% to 49% in females. Males are smaller but similar to females and the posterior region is strongly curved. The species is characterized by a tubular stoma, a smooth round lip region, anterior pharynx much smaller than posterior pharynx, two pairs of unicellular glands associated with the vagina, and males with a broad keel-shaped gubernaculum. G. phalacra n. sp. can be differentiated from all other species of the genus by its lip region and the structure of the gubernaculum. This is the first instance of a species of Goffartia occurring in a terrestrial habitat and the first report of a species from India. PMID:24987164

Singh, Gaurav K.; Yousuf, Gazala; Kumar, Puneet; Ahmad, Irfan

2014-01-01

327

NSS5/SP-STM2 Joint International Conference  

SciTech Connect

The NSS5/SP-STM2 conference was held in Athens, Ohio July 15-19, 2008. The conference brought together a prestigious group of scientists from all over the globe to focus for 3 ½ days on a variety of nanoscience topics, particularly on nanoscale spectroscopy and spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy. The conference was attended by many young scientists as well as senior scientists. Attendees to the conference were drawn from more than 10 countries and included 28 invited speakers, who are the leading scientists in their respective research areas. Included among the invited speakers were 4 plenary speakers - eminent scientists in their fields. The conference was divided into two parallel sessions – the NSS5 session and the SP-STM2 session.

Saw-Wai Hla

2009-05-03

328

Tongue adhesion in the horned frog Ceratophrys sp.  

PubMed

Frogs are well-known to capture elusive prey with their protrusible and adhesive tongues. However, the adhesive performance of frog tongues and the mechanism of the contact formation with the prey item remain unknown. Here we measured for the first time adhesive forces and tongue contact areas in living individuals of a horned frog (Ceratophrys sp.) against glass. We found that Ceratophrys sp. generates adhesive forces well beyond its own body weight. Surprisingly, we found that the tongues adhered stronger in feeding trials in which the coverage of the tongue contact area with mucus was relatively low. Thus, besides the presence of mucus, other features of the frog tongue (surface profile, material properties) are important to generate sufficient adhesive forces. Overall, the experimental data shows that frog tongues can be best compared to pressure sensitive adhesives (PSAs) that are of common technical use as adhesive tapes or labels. PMID:24921415

Kleinteich, Thomas; Gorb, Stanislav N

2014-01-01

329

Coagulation-flocculation of marine Chlorella sp. for biodiesel production.  

PubMed

Harvesting of marine Chlorella sp. by autoflocculation and flocculation by addition of coagulant with pH adjustment was investigated in this study. Autoflocculation provided low efficiency. Response surface methodology was employed to optimize the coagulant dosage and pH for flocculation. Aluminium sulfate and ferric chloride were investigated coagulants. The empirical models from RSM are in a good agreement with the experimental results. The optimum flocculation was achieved at ferric chloride dosage 143 mg/L, pH 8.1 and settling time 40 min. Biomass concentration also presented the significant effect on harvesting efficiency. Lipid extracted from marine Chlorella sp. cultivated in urea fertilizer medium with hexane as a solvent is suitable to produce biodiesel according to it contains high proportion of saturated fatty acids. The crude lipid should be purified to remove some impurities before making biodiesel. As the free fatty acid content was higher than 1% a two-step biodiesel production is recommended. PMID:24012844

Sanyano, Naruetsawan; Chetpattananondh, Pakamas; Chongkhong, Sininart

2013-11-01

330

Rhodotorula benthica sp. nov. and Rhodotorula calyptogenae sp. nov., novel yeast species from animals collected from the deep-sea floor, and Rhodotorula lysiniphila sp. nov., which is related phylogenetically.  

PubMed

Three novel species of the genus Rhodotorula are described. Rhodotorula benthica sp. nov. (type strain JCM 10901(T) = SY-91(T)) and Rhodotorula calyptogenae sp. nov. (type strain JCM 10899(T) = SY-86(T)) were respectively isolated from the tubeworm Lamellibrachia sp. and the giant white clam Calyptogena sp., collected from the deep-sea floor of the Pacific Ocean off Japan. Rhodotorula lysiniphila sp. nov. (type strain JCM 5951(T)) is proposed for strains isolated previously in Japan and Pakistan. The three species were placed phylogenetically into a species complex comprising Rhodotorula laryngis, Rhodotorula minuta, Rhodotorula pallida and Rhodotorula slooffiae. R. minuta and R. slooffiae are closely related in both the D1/D2 region of the 26S rDNA and the internal transcribed spacer and 5.8S rDNA regions. R. benthica and R. laryngis were closer to R. pallida based on the D1/D2 region. Other relationships were not clear. PMID:12807219

Nagahama, Takahiko; Hamamoto, Makiko; Nakase, Takashi; Horikoshi, Koki

2003-05-01

331

Microbulbifer gwangyangensis sp. nov. and Microbulbifer pacificus sp. nov., isolated from marine environments.  

PubMed

Two novel Gram-stain-negative, chemoheterotrophic and strictly aerobic bacteria, strains GY2(T) and SPO729(T), were isolated from a tidal flat at Gwangyang Bay in Korea and a marine sponge sample from the Pacific Ocean, respectively. The two strains were halotolerant, catalase- and oxidase-positive, and non-motile rods. Optimum temperature and pH for growth of both strains were observed to be 35 °C and pH 7.0-7.5, but optimum salinity for strain SPO729(T) [2-3?% (w/v)] was slightly higher than that for strain GY2(T) (1-2?%). The major cellular fatty acids of both strains were C16?:?0, iso-C15?:?0, iso-C17?:?0, iso-C17?:?1?9c, C18?:?1?7c, iso-C11?:?0 and iso-C11?:?0 3-OH. The genomic DNA G+C contents of strains GY2(T) and SPO729(T) were 55.1 and 57.9 mol%, respectively, and ubiquinone 8 (Q-8) was detected as the sole respiratory quinone from the two strains. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strains GY2(T) and SPO729(T) formed tight phyletic lineages with members of the genus Microbulbifer. Strain GY2(T) was closely related to Microbulbifer okinawensis ABABA23(T) (98.2?%), strain SPO729(T) (98.0?%) and Microbulbifer donghaiensis CN85(T) (97.0?%); strain SPO729(T) was closely related to M. okinawensis ABABA23(T) (98.3?%) and M. donghaiensis CN85(T) (98.2?%). The DNA-DNA relatedness values of strain GY2(T) with M. okinawensis ABABA23(T), strain SPO729(T) and M. donghaiensis CN85(T) were 40.0±2.1?%, 13.1±3.9?% and 16.2±5.8?%, respectively, whereas those of strain SPO729(T) with M. okinawensis ABABA23(T) and M. donghaiensis CN85(T) were 48.0±4.0?% and 34.6±9.3?%, respectively. On the basis of phenotypic and molecular features, it is concluded that the two strains GY2(T) and SPO729(T) represent two novel species of the genus Microbulbifer, for which the names Microbulbifer gwangyangensis sp. nov. and Microbulbifer pacificus are proposed; the type strains are GY2(T) (?=?KACC 16189(T)?=?JCM 17800(T)) and SPO729(T) (?=?KCCM 42667(T)?=?JCM 14507(T)), respectively. PMID:22798656

Jeong, Sang Hyeon; Yang, Sung-Hyun; Jin, Hyun Mi; Kim, Jeong Myeong; Kwon, Kae Kyoung; Jeon, Che Ok

2013-04-01

332

Comparison of 128-SP-QAM with PM-16-QAM.  

PubMed

In this paper we investigate an interesting modulation format for fiber optic communications, set-partitioning 128 polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM (128-SP-QAM), which consists of the symbols with even parity from the symbol alphabet of polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM (PM-16-QAM). We compare 128-SP-QAM and PM-16-QAM using numerical simulations in long-haul transmission scenarios at bit rates of 112 Gbit/s and 224 Gbit/s, and at the same symbol rates (14 and 28 Gbaud). The transmission link is made up of standard single-mode fiber with 60, 80 or 100 km amplifier spacing and both single channel and WDM transmission (25- and 50 GHz-spaced) is investigated. The results show that 128-SP-QAM achieves more than 40% increase in transmission reach compared to PM-16-QAM at the same data rate for all cases studied for a bit error rate of 10?³. In addition, we find that in single channel transmission there is, as expected, an advantage in terms of transmission distance when using a data rate of 112 Gbit/s as compared to 224 Gbit/s. However, when comparing the two different WDM systems with the same aggregate data rates, the reach is similar due to the smaller impact of nonlinear crosstalk between the WDM channels in the systems with 50 GHz spacing. We also discuss decoding and phase estimation of 128-SP-QAM and implement differential coding, which avoids error bursts due to cycle slips in the phase estimation. Simulations including laser phase noise show that the phase noise tolerance is similar for the two formats, with 0.5 dB OSNR penalty compared to the case with zero phase noise for a laser linewidth to symbol rate ratio of 10??. PMID:22513547

Sjödin, Martin; Johannisson, Pontus; Li, Jianqiang; Agrell, Erik; Andrekson, Peter A; Karlsson, Magnus

2012-04-01

333

Production of laccase by immobilized cells of Agaricus sp  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laccase was produced in the supernatant of culture of a local isolate of Agaricus sp. obtained from decaying Ficus religiosa wood. The enzyme was produced at a constitutive level when growing the fungus in a nitrogenlimited medium supplemented with\\u000a either glycerol, glucose, fructose, mannitol, arabinose, maltose, sacch arose, cellulose, or cellobiose. Atwo-to sixfold increase\\u000a in enzyme specific activity was observed

V. M. Kaluskar; B. P. Kapadnis; C. H. Jaspers; M. J. Penninckx

1999-01-01

334

Norcembranoidal diterpenes from a Formosan soft coral Sinularia sp.  

PubMed

Two norcembranoidal diterpenes, 5-episinuleptolide acetate (1) and scabrolide D (2), were isolated from a Formosan octocoral identified as Sinularia sp. The structures of norcembranoids 1 and 2 were established by spectroscopic methods and by comparison of the spectral data with those of known analogues and 1 was proven to be a new natural product. Norcembranoid 1 was found to exhibit cytotoxicity toward a panel of tumor cells. PMID:23187289

Yen, Wei-Hsuan; Hu, Li-Chung; Su, Jui-Hsin; Lu, Mei-Chin; Twan, Wen-Hung; Yang, Show-Ying; Kuo, Yung-Chi; Weng, Ching-Feng; Lee, Chia-Hung; Kuo, Yueh-Hsiung; Sung, Ping-Jyun

2012-01-01

335

Culturable actinobacteria isolated from marine sponge Iotrochota sp  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study describes the diversity of actinobacteria isolated from the marine sponge Iotrochota sp. collected in the South China Sea. Species and natural product diversity of isolates were analyzed, including screening\\u000a for genes encoding polyketide synthases (PKS) and nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS), and 16S rRNA gene restriction fragment\\u000a length polymorphism (RFLP). PKS and NRPS sequences were detected in more than

Shumei Jiang; Xiang Li; Long Zhang; Wei Sun; Shikun Dai; Lianwu Xie; Yonghong Liu; Kyung Jin Lee

2008-01-01

336

Anagnorisma chamrani sp. n. (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) from Iran  

PubMed Central

Abstract A new Anagnorisma species, Anagnorisma chamrani sp. n., is described from Binaloud Mountains of Khorasan-e-Razavi province in north-eastern Iran, and compared with its sister species, Anagnorisma eucratides (Boursin, 1960). The adults, and male and female genitalia of both species are illustrated in 11 figures. The genus Anagnorisma is recorded for the first time for the fauna of Iran. PMID:23950668

Gyulai, Peter; Rabieh, Mohammad Mahdi; Seraj, Ali Asghar; Ronkay, Laslo; Esfandiari, Mehdi

2013-01-01

337

Purification and characterization of polyphenol oxidase from Ferula sp  

Microsoft Academic Search

Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) of several Ferula sp. was extracted and purified through (NH4)2SO4 precipitation, dialysis, and gel filtration chromatography. Leaf and stem extracts were used for the determination of enzyme properties. Optimum conditions, for pH, temperature, and ionic strength were determined. The best substrates of PPO were catechol for leaf and (?) epicatechin for stem samples. Optimum pH and temperature

Mustafa Erat; Halis Sakiroglu; O. Irfan Kufrevioglu

2006-01-01

338

Natural transformation of Thermotoga sp. strain RQ7  

PubMed Central

Background Thermotoga species are organisms of enormous interest from a biotechnological as well as evolutionary point of view. Genetic modifications of Thermotoga spp. are often desired in order to fully release their multifarious potentials. Effective transformation of recombinant DNA into these bacteria constitutes a critical step of such efforts. This study aims to establish natural competency in Thermotoga spp. and to provide a convenient method to transform these organisms. Results Foreign DNA was found to be relatively stable in the supernatant of a Thermotoga culture for up to 6 hours. Adding donor DNA to T. sp. strain RQ7 at its early exponential growth phase (OD600 0.18?~?0.20) resulted in direct acquisition of the DNA by the cells. Both T. neapolitana chromosomal DNA and Thermotoga-E. coli shuttle vectors effectively transformed T. sp. strain RQ7, rendering the cells resistance to kanamycin. The kan gene carried by the shuttle vector pDH10 was detected by PCR from the plasmid extract of the transformants, and the amplicons were verified by restriction digestions. A procedure for natural transformation of Thermotoga spp. was established and optimized. With the optimized method, T. sp. strain RQ7 sustained a transformation frequency in the order of 10-7 with both genomic and plasmid DNA. Conclusions T. sp. strain RQ7 cells are naturally transformable during their early exponential phase. They acquire DNA from both closely and distantly related species. Both chromosomal DNA and plasmid DNA serve as suitable substrates for transformation. Our findings lend a convenient technical tool for the genetic engineering of Thermotoga spp. PMID:24884561

2014-01-01

339

Physical properties of the DNA of bacteriophage SP50  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following properties of the DNA of B. subtilis phage SP50 were established: Molecular weight (in Daltons) 102×106 (sedimentation velocity) 97×106 (viscosity) 97×106 (contour lengths of electron micrographs) Base Composition (in % GC) 41.7 (chemical analysis) 44 (melting point) 44 (buoyant density) No unusual bases were observed. The complementary strands of the DNA can be separated. The phage DNA has

N. Biswal; A. K. Kleinschmidt; H. C. Spatz; T. A. Trautner

1967-01-01

340

Purification and characterization of an alkaline keratinase from Streptomyces sp  

Microsoft Academic Search

A protease producing bacterial culture (‘S7’) was isolated from slaughterhouse waste samples, Hyderabad, India. It was related to Streptomyces sp. on the basis of biochemical properties and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Purification of the protease present in the culture medium supernatant on sephacryl S-100 indicated that it contains a keratinase with 67% recovery, 2.5-fold purification and an estimated molecular mass

Radhika Tatineni; Kiran Kumar Doddapaneni; Ravi Chandra Potumarthi; Ravi Nagaraj Vellanki; Manjusha Thomas Kandathil; Nilima Kolli; Lakshmi Narasu Mangamoori

2008-01-01

341

Composition and accumulation of secondary carotenoids in Chlorococcum sp  

Microsoft Academic Search

A locally isolated Chlorococcum sp. could accumulate astaxanthin and its esters as secondary carotenoids. The secondary carotenoids\\u000a could reach a concentration of 5.2 mg g?1 d. wt, and were located in the cytoplasm and chloroplast as globules. Cells grew best at pH 8.0 and 30 °C, at which the growth\\u000a rate was about 0.066 h?1. Acidic condition (pH 5.5 and

D. H. Zhang; Y. K. Ng; S. M. Phang

1997-01-01

342

SP100 Pump\\/Converter Test Loop Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Pump\\/ Converter Test Loop (P\\/C Loop) is the second in a series of high temperature liquid metal test loops used to validate selected Generic Flight System (GFS) components for the SP-100 Program. Key components to be tested at elevated temperatures in the P\\/C Loop include a Thermoelectric Magnetic (TEM) pump assembly, and a Thermoelectric Converter Assembly (TCA). Operation of

T. Ted Fallas; Gordon B. Kruger; Frank R. Wiltshire; Harold R. Clay; Rafael Yahalom

1994-01-01

343

Nutritional characteristics of a mixotrophic nanoflagellate, Ochromonas sp  

Microsoft Academic Search

Autotrophic and heterotrophic growth characteristics of a nano-flagellate were investigated. The flagellate,Ochromonas sp., was isolated from the northern Baltic Sea. Autotrophic growth was poor. Axenically pregrown flagellates did not increase significantly in cell number during incubation in different inorganic media. The number of flagellates remained constant 3–5 weeks in cultures kept in the light (100?mol m?2 sec?1), whereas in the

Agneta Andersson; Stefan Falk; Göran Samuelsson; Åke Hagström

1989-01-01

344

Identification of cytotoxic constituent of Indonesian sponge Kaliapsis sp. (Bowerbank).  

PubMed

Identification of cytotoxic constituent of Indonesian sponge Kaliapsis sp. has been conducted. The structure identification was judged based on the spectroscopic data, namely, ultraviolet, MS, one and two-dimensional 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR methods. The cytotoxic constituent was identified as 1-(tetrahydro-4-hydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)furan-2-yl)-5-methyl pyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione. This constituent hasn't been isolated from sponges as natural product. PMID:19260333

Setyowati, E P; Jenie, U A; Sudarsono; Kardono, L B S; Rahmat, R

2008-11-15

345

A New Actinomycete Species, Nocardiopsis lucentensis sp. nov  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new species of the genus Nocardiopsis, for which we propose the name Nocardiopsis lucentensis sp. nov. (type strain, strain DSM 44048), was isolated from a salt marsh soil sample near Alicante, Spain. Whole-cell hydrolysates contain the meso isomer of diaminopimelic acid and no characteristic sugar; thus, the cell wall composition is type 111. Menaquinone MK-lO(H,) is the major menaquinone,

A. F. YASSIN; E. A. GALINSKI; A. WOHLFARTH; K.-D. JAHNKE; K. P. SCHAAL; H. G. TRUPER

346

Larinus berti sp. n. (Coleoptera, Curculionidae, Lixinae) from North Africa  

PubMed Central

Abstract A new species, Larinus berti sp. n. is described from Morocco and assigned to subgenus Cryphopus Petri, 1907 (Curculionidae: Lixinae; Lixini). Diagnostic characters of the new species are large size, elongate-ovate body, bisulcate sub-quadrangular rostrum, triangularly raised dorsum of rostrum, flat subgena and submentum, Y-shaped apodeme of sternite VIII of female and thin nodulus of spermatheca. PMID:24194653

Gültekin, Levent; Alonso-Zarazaga, Miguel A.

2013-01-01

347

Optical resolution of RS(±)-mandelic acid by Pseudomonas sp  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the optical resolution of R-(-)-mandelic acid from (±)-mandelic acid, Pseudomonas sp. MA02, which assimilated S-(+)-mandelic acid as carbon and energy source, was isolated from soil. Using the fed-batch culture under optimal condition, R-(-)-mandelic acid was accumulated up to the maximum theoretical yield of 50% (30 g l-1) and entiomeric excess of 99.4%.

Byung-Yong Kim; Ki-Chul Hwang; Hee-Sang Song; Namhyun Chung; Won-Gi Bang

2000-01-01

348

Environmental and nutritional factors affecting geosmin synthesis by Anabaena SP  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cyanobacterium isolated from a source-water reservoir during a spring odor and taste episode and identified as Anabaena sp. consistently produced geosmin during laboratory culture on modified BG-11 liquid medium. Maximal geosmin\\/biomass occurred at 20°C and a light intensity of 17?E\\/m2\\/s; geosmin\\/chla values directly correlated with increasing light intensity (r2=0.95, P<0.01). It was concluded that at 20°C, increasing light intensity

Ismail M. K Saadoun; Kevin K Schrader; Willard T Blevins

2001-01-01

349

New oxidized zoanthamines from a Canary Islands Zoanthus sp.  

PubMed

Three new norzoanthamine-type alkaloids, named 2-hydroxy-11-ketonorzoan thamide B (1), norzoanthamide B (2) and 15-hydroxynorzoanthamine (3), were isolated from Zoanthus sp. specimens collected at the Canary Islands. Their structures were determined by interpretation of NMR and HR-ESIMS data. Relative configurations of their chiral centers were proposed on the basis of ROESY spectra and by comparison of their spectroscopic data with those of the well-known compound, norzoanthamine. PMID:25317536

Cen-Pacheco, Francisco; Martín, Manuel Norte; Fernández, José Javier; Hernández Daranas, Antonio

2014-10-01

350

Feeding by heterotrophic dinoflagellates and ciliates on the free-living dinoflagellate Symbiodinium sp. (Clade E).  

PubMed

To investigate heterotrophic protists grazing on Symbiodinium sp., we tested whether the common heterotrophic dinoflagellates Gyrodinium dominans, Gyrodinium moestrupii, Gyrodinium spirale, Oblea rotundata, Oxyrrhis marina, and Polykrikos kofoidii and the ciliates Balanion sp. and Parastrombidinopsis sp. preyed on the free-living dinoflagellate Symbiodinium sp. (clade E). We measured the growth and ingestion rates of O. marina and G. dominans on Symbiodinium sp. as a function of prey concentration. Furthermore, we compared the results to those obtained for other algal prey species. In addition, we measured the growth and ingestion rates of other predators at single prey concentrations at which these rates of O. marina and G. dominans were saturated. All predators tested in the present study, except Balanion sp., preyed on Symbiodinium sp. The specific growth rates of O. marina and G. dominans on Symbiodinium sp. increased rapidly with increasing mean prey concentration < ca. 740-815 ng C/ml (7,400-8,150 cells/ml), but became saturated at higher concentrations. The maximum growth rates of O. marina and G. dominans on Symbiodinium sp. (0.87 and 0.61/d) were much higher than those of G. moestrupii and P. kofoidii (0.11 and 0.04/d). Symbiodinium sp. did not support positive growth of G. spirale, O. rotundata, and Parastrombidinopsis sp. However, the maximum ingestion rates of P. kofoidii and Parastrombidinopsis sp. (6.7-10.0 ng C/predator/d) were much higher than those of O. marina and G. dominans on Symbiodinium sp. (1.9-2.1 ng C/predator/d). The results of the present study suggest that Symbiodinium sp. may increase or maintain the populations of some predators. PMID:24102740

Jeong, Hae Jin; Lim, An Suk; Yoo, Yeong Du; Lee, Moo Joon; Lee, Kyung Ha; Jang, Tae Young; Lee, Kitack

2014-01-01

351

Interaction of the v-Rel oncoprotein with cellular transcription factor Sp1.  

PubMed Central

We previously showed that v-Rel, the oncoprotein of the avian retrovirus Rev-T, can increase expression from promoters containing binding sites for the cellular transcription factor Sp1 in chicken embryo fibroblasts (S. Sif, A.J. Capobianco, and T.D. Gilmore, Oncogene 8:2501-2509, 1993). In those experiments, v-Rel appeared to increase the transactivating function of Sp1; that is, v-Rel stimulated transactivation by a GAL4-Sp1 protein that lacked the Sp1 DNA-binding domain. We have now shown that in vitro-synthesized v-Rel and GAL4-Sp1 form a complex that can be immunoprecipitated with either anti-Sp1 or anti-v-Rel antiserum. We have also shown that a glutathione S-transferase (GST)-Sp1 fusion protein can specifically interact with in vitro-translated v-Rel and with in vivo-synthesized v-Rel from transformed chicken spleen cells. In addition, we have found that the abilities of wild-type and two mutant forms of v-Rel to increase transactivation by Sp1 in vivo correlate with their abilities to interact with Sp1 in vitro. The sequences important for the interaction of v-Rel with Sp1 in vitro have been mapped to the first 147 amino acids of v-Rel. Other Rel proteins, such as c-Rel, RelA, p52, and p50, were also able to form a complex with Sp1 in vitro. These results suggest that v-Rel increases expression from Sp1 site-containing promoters by functionally interacting with Sp1 and that cellular Rel proteins and Sp1 are likely to interact to influence transcription from natural promoters. Images PMID:7933095

Sif, S; Gilmore, T D

1994-01-01

352

SP-100 reactor with Brayton conversion for lunar surface applications  

SciTech Connect

Examined here is the potential for integrating Brayton-cycle power conversion with the SP-100 reactor for lunar surface power system applications. Two designs were characterized and modeled. The first design integrates a 100-kWe SP-100 Brayton power system with a lunar lander. This system is intended to meet early lunar mission power needs while minimizing on-site installation requirements. Man-rated radiation protection is provided by an integral multilayer, cylindrical lithium hydride/tungsten (LiH/W) shield encircling the reactor vessel. Design emphasis is on ease of deployment, safety, and reliability, while utilizing relatively near-term technology. The second design combines Brayton conversion with the SP-100 reactor in a erectable 550-kWe powerplant concept intended to satisfy later-phase lunar base power requirements. This system capitalizes on experience gained from operating the initial 100-kWe module and incorporates some technology improvements. For this system, the reactor is emplaced in a lunar regolith excavation to provide man-rated shielding, and the Brayton engines and radiators are mounted on the lunar surface and extend radially from the central reactor. Design emphasis is on performance, safety, long life, and operational flexibility.

Mason, L.S.; Rodriguez, C.D.; Mckissock, B.I.; Hanlon, J.C.; Mansfield, B.C.

1992-01-01

353

Synthesis and magnetostructural properties of two crystalline phases of [CuBr 2(sp)] (sp=(?)-sparteine)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two crystalline phases, 1a, 1b, of [CuBr2(sp)] complex (sp=(?)-sparteine) were obtained by direct synthesis. Crystal data: complex 1a, triclinic, P1, a=7.4715(6)Å, b=7.7082(7)Å, c=9.1435(6)Å, ?=97.429(6)°,?=112.808(5)°,?=110.666(6)°; complex 1b, orthorhombic, P212121, a=11.0563(7)(6)Å, b=11.9877(9)Å, c=12.8002(9)Å. The molecular locality of Cu(II) ion is tetra-coordinated in each case and show close values of angle and bonds length for 1a, 1b. The UV-Vis and IR spectra of

José Luis Alcántara-Flores; Daniel Ram??rez-Rosales; Sylvain Bernès; Alejandro Durán-Hernández; René Gutiérrez Pérez; Rafael Zamorano-Ulloa; Yasmi Reyes-Ortega

2004-01-01

354

Paramaritremopsis solielangi n. sp. and Microphallus kinsellai n. sp. (Digenea: Microphallidae) parasites of Charadrii (Aves) of Belize (Central America).  

PubMed

The authors describe and illustrate two trematodes from Belize (Central America): Paramaritremopsis solielangi n. sp. from the small intestine of Arenaria interpres is characterised by a body length of 478 microm, two short and pre-acetabular caeca, part of the uterus in close association with the cirrus-sac and left caecum, vitelline glands in the shape of a horseshoe, a short pre-ovarian cirrus-sac containing a long, cylindrical, voluminous and unarmed cirrus (size when evaginated: 150 x 20-30 microm) and Microphallus kinsellai n. sp. from the caeca of Actitis macularia characterised by a body length of 370 microm and a phallus which is 30 microm in diameter and asymmetrical (basically a pad with a moderately developed accessory lobe) and a straight ejaculatory canal. Levinseniella carteretensis is another microphallid recovered from Arenaria interpres. The term of "phallus" is proposed to name the male copulatory organ which characterizes the Microphallinae. PMID:10966220

Canaris, A G; Deblock, S

2000-10-01

355

Lipid Profile Remodeling in Response to Nitrogen Deprivation in the Microalgae Chlorella sp. (Trebouxiophyceae) and Nannochloropsis sp. (Eustigmatophyceae)  

PubMed Central

Many species of microalgae produce greatly enhanced amounts of triacylglycerides (TAGs), the key product for biodiesel production, in response to specific environmental stresses. Improvement of TAG production by microalgae through optimization of growth regimes is of great interest. This relies on understanding microalgal lipid metabolism in relation to stress response in particular the deprivation of nutrients that can induce enhanced TAG synthesis. In this study, a detailed investigation of changes in lipid composition in Chlorella sp. and Nannochloropsis sp. in response to nitrogen deprivation (N-deprivation) was performed to provide novel mechanistic insights into the lipidome during stress. As expected, an increase in TAGs and an overall decrease in polar lipids were observed. However, while most membrane lipid classes (phosphoglycerolipids and glycolipids) were found to decrease, the non-nitrogen containing phosphatidylglycerol levels increased considerably in both algae from initially low levels. Of particular significance, it was observed that the acyl composition of TAGs in Nannochloropsis sp. remain relatively constant, whereas Chlorella sp. showed greater variability following N-deprivation. In both algae the overall fatty acid profiles of the polar lipid classes were largely unaffected by N-deprivation, suggesting a specific FA profile for each compartment is maintained to enable continued function despite considerable reductions in the amount of these lipids. The changes observed in the overall fatty acid profile were due primarily to the decrease in proportion of polar lipids to TAGs. This study provides the most detailed lipidomic information on two different microalgae with utility in biodiesel production and nutraceutical industries and proposes the mechanisms for this rearrangement. This research also highlights the usefulness of the latest MS-based approaches for microalgae lipid research. PMID:25171084

Olmstead, Ian L. D.; Bergamin, Amanda; Shears, Melanie J.; Dias, Daniel A.; Kentish, Sandra E.; Scales, Peter J.; Botté, Cyrille Y.; Callahan, Damien L.

2014-01-01

356

Description of the Erythromycin-Producing Bacterium Arthrobacter sp. Strain NRRL B3381 as Aevomicrobium erythveum gen. nov., sp. nov  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arthrobacter sp. strain NRRL B-3381T (T = type strain) is a nonmycelial, nonsporulating actinomycete that produces the macrolide antibiotic erythromycin. This bacterium differs in many ways from the type species of the genus Arthrobacter (Arthrobacter globiforrnis), suggesting that a taxonomic revision is appropriate. The G+C content of strain NRRL B-3381T DNA is 71 to 73 mol%, and the peptidoglycan of

ERIC S. MILLER; CARL R. WOESE; SYDNEY BRENNER

357

Thermococcus paralvinellae sp. nov. and Thermococcus cleftensis sp. nov. of hyperthermophilic heterotrophs from deep-sea hydrothermal vents.  

PubMed

Two heterotrophic hyperthermophilic strains, ES1(T) and CL1(T), were isolated from Paralvinella sp. polychaete worms collected from active hydrothermal vent chimneys in the north-eastern Pacific Ocean. Both were obligately anaerobic and produced H2S in the presence of elemental sulfur and H2. Complete genome sequences are available for both strains. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strains are more than 97% similar to most other species of the genus Thermococcus. Therefore, overall genome relatedness index analyses were performed to establish that these strains are novel species. For each analysis, strain ES1(T) was determined to be most similar to Thermococcus barophilus MP(T), while strain CL1(T) was determined to be most similar to Thermococcus sp. 4557. The average nucleotide identity scores for these strains were 84% for strain ES1(T) and 81% for strain CL1(T), genome-to-genome direct comparison scores were 23% for strain ES1(T) and 47% for strain CL1(T), and the species identification scores were 89% for strain ES1(T) and 88% for strain CL1(T). For each analysis, strains ES1(T) and CL1(T) were below the species delineation cut-off. Therefore, based on their whole genome sequences, strains ES1(T) and CL1(T) are suggested to represent novel species of the genus Thermococcus for which the names Thermococcus paralvinellae sp. nov. and Thermococcus cleftensis sp. nov. are proposed, respectively. The type strains are ES1(T) (?=DSM 27261(T)?=KACC 17923(T)) and CL1(T) (?=DSM 27260(T)?=KACC 17922(T)). PMID:25082851

Hensley, Sarah A; Jung, Jong-Hyun; Park, Cheon-Seok; Holden, James F

2014-11-01

358

Integrated Bacillus sp. immobilized cell reactor and Synechocystis sp. algal reactor for the treatment of tannery wastewater.  

PubMed

The wastewater discharged from leather industries lack biodegradability due to the presence of xenobiotic compounds. The primary clarification and aerobic treatment in Bacillus sp. immobilized Chemo Autotrophic Activated Carbon Oxidation (CAACO) reactor removed considerable amount of pollution parameters. The residual untreated organics in the wastewater was further treated in algal batch reactor inoculated with Synechocystis sp. Sodium nitrate, K(2)HPO(4), MgSO(4).7H(2)O, NH(4)Cl, CaCl(2)·2H(2)O, FeCl(3) (anhydrous), and thiamine hydrochloride, rice husk based activated carbon (RHAC), immobilization of Bacillus sp. in mesoporous activated carbon, sand filter of dimensions diameter, 6 cm and height, 30 cm; and the CAACO reactor of dimensions diameter, 5.5 cm and height, 30 cm with total volume 720 ml, and working volume of 356 ml. In the present investigation, the CAACO treated tannery wastewater was applied to Synechocystis sp. inoculated algal batch reactor of hydraulic residence time 24 h. The BOD(5), COD, and TOC of treated wastewater from algal batch reactor were 20 ± 7, 167 ± 29, and 78 ± 16 mg/l respectively. The integrated CAACO system and Algal batch reactor was operated for 30 days and they accomplished a cumulative removal of BOD(5),COD, TOC, VFA and sulphide as 98 %, 95 %, 93 %, 86 %, and 100 %, respectively. The biokinetic constants for the growth of algae in the batch reactor were specific growth rate, 0.095(day(-1)) and yield coefficient, 3.15 mg of algal biomass/mg of COD destructed. The degradation of xenobiotic compounds in the algal batch reactor was confirmed through HPLC and FT-IR techniques. The integrated CAACO-Algal reactor system established a credible reduction in pollution parameters in the tannery wastewater. The removal mechanism is mainly due to co-metabolism between algae and bacterial species and the organics were completely metabolized rather than by adsorption. PMID:22528997

Sekaran, G; Karthikeyan, S; Nagalakshmi, C; Mandal, A B

2013-01-01

359

Paramaritremopsis solielangi n. sp. et Microphallus kinsellai n. sp. (Digenea: Microphallidae) parasites de Charadrii (Aves) du Bélize (Amérique centrale)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors describe and illustrate two trematodes from Belize (Central America): Paramaritremopsis solielangi n. sp. from the small intestine of Arenaria interpres is characterised by a body length of 478 m, two short and pre-acetabular caeca, part of the uterus in close association with the cirrus-sac and left caecum, vitelline glands in the shape of a horseshoe, a short pre-ovarian cirrus-sac

Albert G. Canaris; Stéphane Deblock

2000-01-01

360

Babesia bicornis sp. nov. and Theileria bicornis sp. nov.: tick-borne parasites associated with mortality in the black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis).  

PubMed

A novel Babesia species, designated Babesia bicornis sp. nov., was identified in three black rhinoceroses (Diceros bicornis) that died in wildlife areas in Tanzania and South Africa. Screening of black rhinoceroses in South Africa revealed, in addition to B. bicornis, a second parasite, designated Theileria bicornis sp. nov. PMID:12734294

Nijhof, Ard M; Penzhorn, Banie L; Lynen, Godelieve; Mollel, Johnson O; Morkel, Pete; Bekker, Cornelis P J; Jongejan, Frans

2003-05-01

361

Two New Species of Pristionchus (Rhabditida: Diplogastridae): P. fissidentatus n. sp. from Nepal and La Réunion Island and P. elegans n. sp. from Japan.  

PubMed

Pristionchus fissidentatus n. sp., isolated from soil in Nepal, and P. elegans n. sp., isolated from Phelotrupes auratus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in Japan, are described. The two new species are recognized as basal within the genus and thus occupy an important position for macroevolutionary studies that center on the model P. pacificus. Pristionchus fissidentatus n. sp. is distinguished by its unique stegostomatal morphology: in the stenostomatous form, the right subventral ridge has three prominent cusps and the left subventral sector has, in addition to a plate with two cusps, a prominent denticle slightly left of ventral; in the eurystomatous form, the right subventral stegostomatal sector shows both a tooth and a ridge with several cusps. Diagnostic of P. elegans n. sp. is the structure of the stenostomatous cheilostom, which bulges medially and is underlain by a large vacuolated ring. No eurystomatous form has been observed in P. elegans n. sp. Reproductive modes of P. fissidentatus n. sp. and P. elegans n. sp. are hermaphroditic and gonochoristic, respectively. The additional isolation of P. fissidentatus n. sp. from soil and two species of scarab beetle on La Réunion Island in the Indian Ocean suggests a broad geographic range for this species. PMID:23483847

Kanzaki, Natsumi; Ragsdale, Erik J; Herrmann, Matthias; Sommer, Ralf J

2012-03-01

362

Hydrophobic surfactant-associated polypeptides: SP-C is a lipopeptide with two palmitoylated cysteine residues, whereas SP-B lacks covalently linked fatty acyl groups.  

PubMed Central

Pulmonary surfactant contains two hydrophobic polypeptides, SP-B and SP-C, with known amino acid sequences and with truncated subforms lacking the N-terminal residues. Treatment of SP-C with KOH releases fatty acids (palmitic acid to more than 85%) in molar ratios of 1.8-2.0 relative to the polypeptide. Furthermore, plasma-desorption mass spectrometry shows native SP-C of both the intact and truncated types to be monomers with masses about 500 units higher than those expected for the polypeptide chains. After treatment with KOH, trimethylamine, or dithioerythritol, the polypeptide masses are obtained. These results prove that native SP-C is a lipopeptide with two palmitoyl groups covalently linked to the polypeptide chain. The deacylation conditions, the presence of two cysteine residues in the polypeptide, and the absence of other possible attachment sites establish that the palmitoyl groups are thioester-linked to the two adjacent cysteine residues. In contrast, the major form of porcine SP-B is a dimer without fatty acid components. That SP-C is a true lipopeptide with covalently bound palmitoyl groups suggests possibilities for functional interactions. It gives a direct physical link between SP-C and surfactant phospholipid components. Long-chain acylation may constitute a means for association of proteins with membranes and could conceivably modulate the stability and biological activity of surfactant films. PMID:2326260

Curstedt, T; Johansson, J; Persson, P; Eklund, A; Robertson, B; Löwenadler, B; Jörnvall, H

1990-01-01

363

Production of induced secondary metabolites by a co-culture of sponge-associated actinomycetes, Actinokineospora sp. EG49 and Nocardiopsis sp. RV163.  

PubMed

Two sponge-derived actinomycetes, Actinokineospora sp. EG49 and Nocardiopsis sp. RV163, were grown in co-culture and the presence of induced metabolites monitored by ¹H NMR. Ten known compounds, including angucycline, diketopiperazine and ?-carboline derivatives 1-10, were isolated from the EtOAc extracts of Actinokineospora sp. EG49 and Nocardiopsis sp. RV163. Co-cultivation of Actinokineospora sp. EG49 and Nocardiopsis sp. RV163 induced the biosynthesis of three natural products that were not detected in the single culture of either microorganism, namely N-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-acetamide (11), 1,6-dihydroxyphenazine (12) and 5a,6,11a,12-tetrahydro-5a,11a-dimethyl[1,4]benzoxazino[3,2-b][1,4]benzoxazine (13a). When tested for biological activity against a range of bacteria and parasites, only the phenazine 12 was active against Bacillus sp. P25, Trypanosoma brucei and interestingly, against Actinokineospora sp. EG49. These findings highlight the co-cultivation approach as an effective strategy to access the bioactive secondary metabolites hidden in the genomes of marine actinomycetes. PMID:24857962

Dashti, Yousef; Grkovic, Tanja; Abdelmohsen, Usama Ramadan; Hentschel, Ute; Quinn, Ronald J

2014-05-01

364

Regulation of human CETP gene expression: role of SP1 and SP3 transcription factors at promoter sites -690, -629, and -37  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) is a key factor in plasma reverse cholesterol transport and is implicated in the pathophysiology of atherogenic dyslipidemia. Variations observed in plasma CETP mass and activity in both normolipi- demic and dyslipidemic individuals may reflect differences in CETP gene expression. We evaluated the respective roles of the Sp1 and Sp3 transcription factors on the promoter

Wilfried Le Goff; Laure Petit; M. John Chapman; Joëlle Thillet

2003-01-01

365

Genome Sequences of the Lignin-Degrading Pseudomonas sp. Strain YS-1p and Rhizobium sp. Strain YS-1r Isolated from Decaying Wood.  

PubMed

Pseudomonas sp. strain YS-1p and Rhizobium sp. strain YS-1r were isolated from a lignin-degrading enrichment culture. The isolates degraded lignin-derived monomers, dimers, alkali lignin, and, to a smaller extent (3% to 5%), lignin in switch grass and alfalfa. Genome analysis revealed the presence of a variety of lignin-degrading genes. PMID:25744986

Prabhakaran, Madhu; Couger, Matthew B; Jackson, Colin A; Weirick, Tyler; Fathepure, Babu Z

2015-01-01

366

Production of Induced Secondary Metabolites by a Co-Culture of Sponge-Associated Actinomycetes, Actinokineospora sp. EG49 and Nocardiopsis sp. RV163  

PubMed Central

Two sponge-derived actinomycetes, Actinokineospora sp. EG49 and Nocardiopsis sp. RV163, were grown in co-culture and the presence of induced metabolites monitored by 1H NMR. Ten known compounds, including angucycline, diketopiperazine and ?-carboline derivatives 1–10, were isolated from the EtOAc extracts of Actinokineospora sp. EG49 and Nocardiopsis sp. RV163. Co-cultivation of Actinokineospora sp. EG49 and Nocardiopsis sp. RV163 induced the biosynthesis of three natural products that were not detected in the single culture of either microorganism, namely N-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-acetamide (11), 1,6-dihydroxyphenazine (12) and 5a,6,11a,12-tetrahydro-5a,11a-dimethyl[1,4]benzoxazino[3,2-b][1,4]benzoxazine (13a). When tested for biological activity against a range of bacteria and parasites, only the phenazine 12 was active against Bacillus sp. P25, Trypanosoma brucei and interestingly, against Actinokineospora sp. EG49. These findings highlight the co-cultivation approach as an effective strategy to access the bioactive secondary metabolites hidden in the genomes of marine actinomycetes. PMID:24857962

Dashti, Yousef; Grkovic, Tanja; Abdelmohsen, Usama Ramadan; Hentschel, Ute; Quinn, Ronald J.

2014-01-01

367

The family Carabodidae (Acari, Oribatida) VIII. The genus Machadocepheus (first part) Machadocepheus leoneae sp. n. and Machadocepheus rachii sp. n. from Gabon  

PubMed Central

Abstract The genus Machadocepheus, being one of the more complex genera of the Carabodidae family, is briefly outlined to demonstrate this complexity. Descriptions of two new species from Gabon, Machadocepheus leoneae sp. n. and Machadocepheus rachii sp. n. are given. PMID:25561826

Fernandez, Nestor; Theron, Pieter; Rollard, Christine; Leiva, Sergio

2014-01-01

368

Two New Species of Pristionchus (Rhabditida: Diplogastridae): P. fissidentatus n. sp. from Nepal and La Réunion Island and P. elegans n. sp. from Japan  

PubMed Central

Pristionchus fissidentatus n. sp., isolated from soil in Nepal, and P. elegans n. sp., isolated from Phelotrupes auratus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in Japan, are described. The two new species are recognized as basal within the genus and thus occupy an important position for macroevolutionary studies that center on the model P. pacificus. Pristionchus fissidentatus n. sp. is distinguished by its unique stegostomatal morphology: in the stenostomatous form, the right subventral ridge has three prominent cusps and the left subventral sector has, in addition to a plate with two cusps, a prominent denticle slightly left of ventral; in the eurystomatous form, the right subventral stegostomatal sector shows both a tooth and a ridge with several cusps. Diagnostic of P. elegans n. sp. is the structure of the stenostomatous cheilostom, which bulges medially and is underlain by a large vacuolated ring. No eurystomatous form has been observed in P. elegans n. sp. Reproductive modes of P. fissidentatus n. sp. and P. elegans n. sp. are hermaphroditic and gonochoristic, respectively. The additional isolation of P. fissidentatus n. sp. from soil and two species of scarab beetle on La Réunion Island in the Indian Ocean suggests a broad geographic range for this species. PMID:23483847

Kanzaki, Natsumi; Ragsdale, Erik J.; Herrmann, Matthias; Sommer, Ralf J.

2012-01-01

369

Sp8 and Sp9, two closely related buttonhead-like transcription factors, regulate Fgf8 expression and limb outgrowth in vertebrate embryos.  

PubMed

Initiation and maintenance of signaling centers is a key issue during embryonic development. The apical ectodermal ridge, a specialized epithelial structure and source of Fgf8, is a pivotal signaling center for limb outgrowth. We show that two closely related buttonhead-like zinc-finger transcription factors, Sp8 and Sp9, are expressed in the AER, and regulate Fgf8 expression and limb outgrowth. Embryological and genetic analyses have revealed that Sp8 and Sp9 are ectodermal targets of Fgf10 signaling from the mesenchyme. We also found that Wnt/beta-catenin signaling positively regulates Sp8, but not Sp9. Overexpression functional analyses in chick unveiled their role as positive regulators of Fgf8 expression. Moreover, a dominant-negative approach in chick and knockdown analysis with morpholinos in zebrafish revealed their requirement for Fgf8 expression and limb outgrowth, and further indicate that they have a coordinated action on Fgf8 expression. Our study demonstrates that Sp8 and Sp9, via Fgf8, are involved in mediating the actions of Fgf10 and Wnt/beta-catenin signaling during vertebrate limb outgrowth. PMID:15358670

Kawakami, Yasuhiko; Esteban, Concepción Rodríguez; Matsui, Takaaki; Rodríguez-León, Joaquín; Kato, Shigeaki; Izpisúa Belmonte, Juan Carlos

2004-10-01

370

Genome Sequences of the Lignin-Degrading Pseudomonas sp. Strain YS-1p and Rhizobium sp. Strain YS-1r Isolated from Decaying Wood  

PubMed Central

Pseudomonas sp. strain YS-1p and Rhizobium sp. strain YS-1r were isolated from a lignin-degrading enrichment culture. The isolates degraded lignin-derived monomers, dimers, alkali lignin, and, to a smaller extent (3% to 5%), lignin in switch grass and alfalfa. Genome analysis revealed the presence of a variety of lignin-degrading genes. PMID:25744986

Prabhakaran, Madhu; Couger, Matthew B.; Jackson, Colin A.; Weirick, Tyler

2015-01-01

371

Gap junctional communication modulates gene transcription by altering the recruitment of Sp1 and Sp3 to connexin-response elements in osteoblast promoters  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Loss-of-function mutations of gap junction proteins, connexins, represent a mechanism of disease in a variety of tissues. We have shown that recessive (gene deletion) or dominant (connexin45 overexpression) disruption of connexin43 function results in osteoblast dysfunction and abnormal expression of osteoblast genes, including down-regulation of osteocalcin transcription. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms of gap junction-sensitive transcriptional regulation, we systematically analyzed the rat osteocalcin promoter for sensitivity to gap junctional intercellular communication. We identified an Sp1/Sp3 containing complex that assembles on a minimal element in the -70 to -57 region of the osteocalcin promoter in a gap junction-dependent manner. This CT-rich connexin-response element is necessary and sufficient to confer gap junction sensitivity to the osteocalcin proximal promoter. Repression of osteocalcin transcription occurs as a result of displacement of the stimulatory Sp1 by the inhibitory Sp3 on the promoter when gap junctional communication is perturbed. Modulation of Sp1/Sp3 recruitment also occurs on the collagen Ialpha1 promoter and translates into gap junction-sensitive transcriptional control of collagen Ialpha1 gene expression. Thus, regulation of Sp1/Sp3 recruitment to the promoter may represent a potential general mechanism for transcriptional control of target genes by signals passing through gap junctions.

Stains, Joseph P.; Lecanda, Fernando; Screen, Joanne; Towler, Dwight A.; Civitelli, Roberto

2003-01-01

372

Isolation of Paenibacillus sp. and Variovorax sp. strains from decaying woods and characterization of their potential for cellulose deconstruction.  

PubMed

Prospection of cellulose-degrading bacteria in natural environments allows the identification of novel cellulases and hemicellulases that could be useful in second-generation bioethanol production. In this work, cellulolytic bacteria were isolated from decaying native forest soils by enrichment on cellulose as sole carbon source. There was a predominance of Gram positive isolates that belonged to the phyla Proteobacteria and Firmicutes. Many primary isolates with cellulolytic activity were not pure cultures. From these consortia, isolation of pure constituents was attempted in order to test the hypothesis whether microbial consortia are needed for full degradation of complex substrates. Two isolates, CB1-2-A-5 and VG-4-A-2, were obtained as the pure constituents of CB1-2 and VG-4 consortia, respectively. Based on 16S RNA sequence, they could be classified as Variovorax paradoxus and Paenibacillus alvei. Noteworthy, only VG-4 consortium showed measurable xylan degrading capacity and signs of filter paper degradation. However, no xylan or filter paper degrading capacities were observed for the pure cultures isolated from it, suggesting that other members of this consortium were necessary for these hydrolyzing activities. Our results indicated that Paenibacillus sp. and Variovorax sp. as well as VG-4 consortium, might be a useful source of hydrolytic enzymes. Moreover, although Variovorax sp. had been previously identified in metagenomic studies of cellulolytic communities, this is the first report on the isolation and characterization of this microorganism as a cellulolytic genus. PMID:23301200

Ghio, Silvina; Lorenzo, Gonzalo Sabarís Di; Lia, Verónica; Talia, Paola; Cataldi, Angel; Grasso, Daniel; Campos, Eleonora

2012-01-01

373

Characterization of oleaginous yeasts revealed two novel species: Trichosporon cacaoliposimilis sp. nov. and Trichosporon oleaginosus sp. nov.  

PubMed

Two new species in the anamorphic basidiomycetous genus Trichosporon (Tremellomycetes, Agaricomycotina) were uncovered in a DNA sequence-based molecular analysis of oleaginous yeasts maintained in the ATCC Mycology Collection. One yeast is named as Trichosporon cacaoliposimilis sp. nov. for its capability of synthesizing and accumulating a large amount of lipids having a composition equivalent to that of natural cacao butter. The type strain is ATCC 20505(T), originally deposited as Trichosporon sp. The other can use food industry wastes and agricultural byproducts as the substrate for growth and accumulation of a high level of oil and accordingly is named Trichosporon oleaginosus sp. nov. The type strain is ATCC 20509(T), previously identified as Cryptococcus curvatus. Molecular phylogenetic analyses indicate that T. cacaoliposimilis is a novel taxon in the Gracile clade of the genus, close to T. gracile and T. dulcitum, and that T. oleaginosus belongs to the Cutaneum clade, with T. jirovecii as the closest sister taxon. Other oleaginous yeasts were identified as new strains of known taxa, T. insectorum, Candida orthopsilosis and C. palmioleophila. PMID:21558504

Gujjari, Pushpa; Suh, Sung-Oui; Coumes, Kendra; Zhou, Jianlong J

2011-01-01

374

Isolation of Paenibacillus sp. and Variovorax sp. strains from decaying woods and characterization of their potential for cellulose deconstruction  

PubMed Central

Prospection of cellulose-degrading bacteria in natural environments allows the identification of novel cellulases and hemicellulases that could be useful in second-generation bioethanol production. In this work, cellulolytic bacteria were isolated from decaying native forest soils by enrichment on cellulose as sole carbon source. There was a predominance of Gram positive isolates that belonged to the phyla Proteobacteria and Firmicutes. Many primary isolates with cellulolytic activity were not pure cultures. From these consortia, isolation of pure constituents was attempted in order to test the hypothesis whether microbial consortia are needed for full degradation of complex substrates. Two isolates, CB1-2-A-5 and VG-4-A-2, were obtained as the pure constituents of CB1-2 and VG-4 consortia, respectively. Based on 16S RNA sequence, they could be classified as Variovorax paradoxus and Paenibacillus alvei. Noteworthy, only VG-4 consortium showed measurable xylan degrading capacity and signs of filter paper degradation. However, no xylan or filter paper degrading capacities were observed for the pure cultures isolated from it, suggesting that other members of this consortium were necessary for these hydrolyzing activities. Our results indicated that Paenibacillus sp. and Variovorax sp. as well as VG-4 consortium, might be a useful source of hydrolytic enzymes. Moreover, although Variovorax sp. had been previously identified in metagenomic studies of cellulolytic communities, this is the first report on the isolation and characterization of this microorganism as a cellulolytic genus. PMID:23301200

Ghio, Silvina; Lorenzo, Gonzalo Sabarís Di; Lia, Verónica; Talia, Paola; Cataldi, Angel; Grasso, Daniel; Campos, Eleonora

2012-01-01

375

Inhibition of Sp1 Functions by Its Sequestration into PML Nuclear Bodies  

PubMed Central

Promyelocytic leukemia nuclear bodies (PML NBs) are comprised of PML and a striking variety of its associated proteins. Various cellular functions have been attributed to PML NBs, including the regulation of gene expression. We report here that induced expression of PML recruits Sp1 into PML NBs, leading to the reduction of Sp1 transactivation function. Specifically, Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay demonstrated that induced expression of PML significantly diminishes the amount of Sp1 binding to its target gene promoter, immunofluorescence staining showed dramatic increase in the co-localization between PML and Sp1 upon induction of PML expression, moreover, PML and Sp1 co-fractionated in the core nuclear matrix. Our study further showed that PML promotes SUMOylation of Sp1 in a RING-motif-dependent manner, SUMOylation of Sp1 facilitates physical interaction between Sp1 and PML and recruitment of Sp1 into the PML NBs, the SUMO binding motif of PML was also important for its interaction with Sp1. The results of this study demonstrate a novel mechanism by which PML regulates gene expression through sequestration of the transcription factor into PML NBs. PMID:24728382

Li, June; Zou, Wen-Xin; Chang, Kun-Sang

2014-01-01

376

Purification of native surfactant protein SP-A from pooled amniotic fluid and bronchoalveolar lavage.  

PubMed

Surfactant protein SP-A is a hydrophilic glycoprotein, similar to SP-D, which plays an important role in pulmonary surfactant homeostasis and innate immunity. SP-A is actively expressed in the alveolar type II cells and Clara cells. Their basic structure consists of triple-helical collagen region and a C-terminal carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD). By binding to the infectious microbes, SP-A (like SP-D) are involved in pathogen opsonization and agglutination and subsequent clearance of the microorganism, via recruitment of phagocytic cells via receptors for the collagen region. SP-A has also been localized at extra-pulmonary sites such as salivary epithelium, amniotic fluid, prostate glands, and semen. The presence of SP-A in fetal and maternal tissue and amniotic fluid suggests it is involved in pregnancy and labor. Native SP-A can be purified from amniotic fluid and bronchiolar lavage fluid (BALF) via affinity chromatography. In addition, we also report here a procedure to express and purify a recombinant form of trimeric CRD in Escherichia coli. The availability of highly pure native SP-A and CRD region can be central to studies that examine the diverse roles that SP-A play in surfactant homeostasis, pulmonary infection and inflammation and pregnancy. PMID:24218266

Karbani, Najmunisa; Dodagatta-Marri, Eswari; Qaseem, Asif S; Madhukaran, Priyaa; Waters, Patrick; Tsolaki, Anthony G; Madan, Taruna; Kishore, Uday

2014-01-01

377

Microbacterium agarici sp. nov., Microbacterium humi sp. nov. and Microbacterium pseudoresistens sp. nov., isolated from the base of the mushroom Agaricus blazei.  

PubMed

Three Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria (strains CC-SBCK-209( T), CC-12309(T) and CC-5209(T)) were isolated from the stalk of the edible mushroom Agaricus blazei grown in the laboratory. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that all three isolates clearly belonged to the genus Microbacterium. Strains CC-SBCK-209( T) and CC-12309(T) were most related closely to the type strain of Microbacterium halotolerans (95.9 and 96.1 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, respectively). These two novel strains shared 97.9 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. Levels of similarity to the type strains of all other recognized Microbacterium species were lower than 95.5 %. The third strain (CC-5209( T)) showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to the type strain of Microbacterium resistens (97.6 %); levels of similarity to the type strains of all other recognized Microbacterium species were lower than 96 %. The quinone systems of strains CC-SBCK-209(T), CC-12309(T) and CC-5209(T) consisted of MK-11/MK-12, MK-11/MK-10 and MK-13 as major compounds, respectively. All three strains contained ornithine in their peptidoglycan. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and an unknown glycolipid. The polyamine pattern consisted of spermidine and spermine as predominant components. Fatty acid profiles (anteiso-C(15 : 0), iso-C(16 : 0) and anteiso-C(17 : 0 ) as major components) supported the affiliation of all three strains to the genus Microbacterium. The results of physiological and biochemical tests and DNA-DNA hybridization experiments allowed the clear phenotypic and genotypic differentiation of strains CC-SBCK-209(T) and CC-12309( T) from M. halotolerans and other closely related Microbacterium species. Strain CC-5209(T) could be differentiated clearly from M. resistens both genotypically and phenotypically. Based on these data, the novel strains are considered to represent three novel species of the genus Microbacterium. The names proposed for these organisms are Microbacterium agarici sp. nov. [type strain CC-SBCK-209( T) (=DSM 21798(T)=CCM 7686(T))], Microbacterium humi sp. nov. [type strain CC-12309(T) (=DSM 21799(T)=CCM 7687(T))] and Microbacterium pseudoresistens sp. nov. [type strain CC-5209(T) (=DSM 22185(T)=CCM 7688(T))]. PMID:19661494

Young, C-C; Busse, H-J; Langer, S; Chu, Jiunn-Nan; Schumann, P; Arun, A B; Shen, Fo-Ting; Rekha, P D; Kämpfer, P

2010-04-01

378

Five additions to the list of Sepsidae Diptera for Vietnam: Perochaeta cuirassa sp. n., Perochaeta lobo sp. n., Sepsis spura sp. n., Sepsis sepsi Ozerov, 2003 and Sepsis monostigma Thompson, 1869  

PubMed Central

Abstract A recent collecting trip to Vietnam yielded three new species and two new records of Sepsidae (Diptera) for the country. Here we describe two new species in the species-poor genus Perochaeta (Perochaeta cuirassa sp. n. andPerochaeta lobo sp. n.) and one to the largest sepsid genus Sepsis (Sepsis spura sp. n.) which is also found in Sumatra and Sulawesi. Two additional Sepsis species are new records for Vietnam (Sepsis sepsi Ozerov, 2003; Sepsis monostigma Thompson, 1869). We conclude with a discussion of the distribution of Perochaeta and the three Sepsis species. PMID:21594042

Ang, Yuchen; Meier, Rudolf

2010-01-01

379

Overexpression of Transcription Factor Sp1 Leads to Gene Expression Perturbations and Cell Cycle Inhibition  

PubMed Central

Background The ubiquitous transcription factor Sp1 regulates the expression of a vast number of genes involved in many cellular functions ranging from differentiation to proliferation and apoptosis. Sp1 expression levels show a dramatic increase during transformation and this could play a critical role for tumour development or maintenance. Although Sp1 deregulation might be beneficial for tumour cells, its overexpression induces apoptosis of untransformed cells. Here we further characterised the functional and transcriptional responses of untransformed cells following Sp1 overexpression. Methodology and Principal Findings We made use of wild-type and DNA-binding-deficient Sp1 to demonstrate that the induction of apoptosis by Sp1 is dependent on its capacity to bind DNA. Genome-wide expression profiling identified genes involved in cancer, cell death and cell cycle as being enriched among differentially expressed genes following Sp1 overexpression. In silico search to determine the presence of Sp1 binding sites in the promoter region of modulated genes was conducted. Genes that contained Sp1 binding sites in their promoters were enriched among down-regulated genes. The endogenous sp1 gene is one of the most down-regulated suggesting a negative feedback loop induced by overexpressed Sp1. In contrast, genes containing Sp1 binding sites in their promoters were not enriched among up-regulated genes. These results suggest that the transcriptional response involves both direct Sp1-driven transcription and indirect mechanisms. Finally, we show that Sp1 overexpression led to a modified expression of G1/S transition regulatory genes such as the down-regulation of cyclin D2 and the up-regulation of cyclin G2 and cdkn2c/p18 expression. The biological significance of these modifications was confirmed by showing that the cells accumulated in the G1 phase of the cell cycle before the onset of apoptosis. Conclusion This study shows that the binding to DNA of overexpressed Sp1 induces an inhibition of cell cycle progression that precedes apoptosis and a transcriptional response targeting genes containing Sp1 binding sites in their promoter or not suggesting both direct Sp1-driven transcription and indirect mechanisms. PMID:19753117

Deniaud, Emmanuelle; Baguet, Joël; Chalard, Roxane; Blanquier, Bariza; Brinza, Lilia; Meunier, Julien; Michallet, Marie-Cécile; Laugraud, Aurélie; Ah-Soon, Claudette; Wierinckx, Anne; Castellazzi, Marc; Lachuer, Joël; Gautier, Christian

2009-01-01

380

SP-100 nuclear space power systems with application to space commercialization  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The technology of the SP-100 space nuclear power system program is compared to that of more familiar solar-power systems. The SP-100 program develops, validates, and demonstrates the technology for space nuclear power systems in the range of 10 to 1000 kilowatts electric for use in future military and civilian space missions. Mission applications, including earth orbiting platforms and lunar/Mars surface power, are enhanced or made possible by SP-100 technology. Attention is given to the SP-100 reference flight system design, the SP-100 nuclear reactor and nuclear-reactor shield, the platform-mounted, tethered, and free-flying reactors, and installation, operation, and disposal options, as well as lunar-Mars surface applications. The SP-100 is presented as one of the nuclear energy sources needed for long-life, compact, lightweight, continuous high power independent of solar orientation, specific orbits, or missions.

Smith, J. M.

1990-01-01

381

Geobacillus sp., a thermophilic soil bacterium producing volatile antibiotics.  

PubMed

Geobacillus, a bacterial genus, is represented by over 25 species of Gram-positive isolates from various man-made and natural thermophilic areas around the world. An isolate of this genus (M-7) has been acquired from a thermal area near Yellowstone National Park, MT and partially characterized. The cells of this organism are globose (ca. 0.5 mu diameter), and they are covered in a matrix capsule which gives rise to elongate multicelled bacilliform structures (ranging from 3 to 12 mum) as seen by light and atomic force microscopy, respectively. The organism produces unique petal-shaped colonies (undulating margins) on nutrient agar, and it has an optimum pH of 7.0 and an optimum temperature range of 55-65 degrees C. The partial 16S rRNA sequence of this organism has 97% similarity with Geobacillus stearothermophilus, one of its closest relatives genetically. However, uniquely among all members of this genus, Geobacillus sp. (M-7) produces volatile organic substances (VOCs) that possess potent antibiotic activities. Some of the more notable components of the VOCs are benzaldehyde, acetic acid, butanal, 3-methyl-butanoic acid, 2-methyl-butanoic acid, propanoic acid, 2-methyl-, and benzeneacetaldehyde. An exposure of test organisms such as Aspergillus fumigatus, Botrytis cinerea, Verticillium dahliae, and Geotrichum candidum produced total inhibition of growth on a 48-h exposure to Geobacillus sp.(M-7) cells (ca.10(7)) and killing at a 72-h exposure at higher bacterial cell concentrations. A synthetic mixture of those available volatile compounds, at the ratios occurring in Geobacillus sp. (M-7), mimicked the bioactivity of this organism. PMID:20091406

Ren, Yuhao; Strobel, Gary; Sears, Joe; Park, Melina

2010-07-01

382

Oxidation of linear terpenes and squalene variants by Arthrobacter sp.  

PubMed Central

Cells of Arthrobacter sp. that had been isolated from soil were used to study oxidation of some linear terpenes and squalene variants. The cells oxidized geraniol, nerol, and farnesol to the corresponding aldehydes, with partial conversion of the geometrical isomerism of the alpha,beta-double bond. The squalene variant, squalene-2,3-oxide, was cleaved to 9,10-epoxygeranylacetone and geranylacetone. Squalene-2,3-22,23-dioxide was cleaved to 9,10-epoxygeranylacetone. These products were optically active, and their stereochemistry and optical purity were determined. PMID:869527

Yamada, Y; Kusuhara, N; Okada, H

1977-01-01

383

Oligoneuria macabaiba sp. nov. (Insecta: Ephemeroptera) from Brazil.  

PubMed

The former monotypic genus Oligoneuria Pictet was known solely by a female subimago of the type-species Oligoneuria anomala Pictet. A new species of the genus Oligoneuria from the Atlantic rainforest of Macaé, Rio de Janeiro is described. The description was based in males and females imagos of Oligoneuria macabaiba sp. nov. caught with light traps. This species presents similar wing venation, abdominal posterolateral spines, as well as a membranous extension on anterior portion of the head as seen in the genus. Based on features of the new species, the genus is herein redefined. The species represents the first record of the genus from Southeastern Brazil. PMID:22208073

Gonçalves, Inês C; Da-Silva, Elidiomar R; Nessimian, Jorge L

2011-12-01

384

New sinularianin sesquiterpenes from soft coral Sinularia sp.  

PubMed

Four new sesquiterpenes, sinularianins C-F (3-6), together with known sinularianins A (1) and B (2) were identified from a South China Sea soft coral Sinularia sp. Compounds 1-6 were evaluated for inhibition of NF-?B activation using the cell-based HEK293 NF-?B luciferase reporter gene assay. Compounds 1 and 4 were exhibited a potent effect with inhibitory rates of 41.3% and 43.0% at the concentration of 10 µg/mL, respectively. PMID:24317466

Yang, Bin; Liao, Shengrong; Lin, Xiuping; Wang, Junfeng; Liu, Juan; Zhou, Xuefeng; Yang, Xianwen; Liu, Yonghong

2013-12-01

385

New Sinularianin Sesquiterpenes from Soft Coral Sinularia sp.  

PubMed Central

Four new sesquiterpenes, sinularianins C–F (3–6), together with known sinularianins A (1) and B (2) were identified from a South China Sea soft coral Sinularia sp. Compounds 1–6 were evaluated for inhibition of NF-?B activation using the cell-based HEK293 NF-?B luciferase reporter gene assay. Compounds 1 and 4 were exhibited a potent effect with inhibitory rates of 41.3% and 43.0% at the concentration of 10 µg/mL, respectively. PMID:24317466

Yang, Bin; Liao, Shengrong; Lin, Xiuping; Wang, Junfeng; Liu, Juan; Zhou, Xuefeng; Yang, Xianwen; Liu, Yonghong

2013-01-01

386

New cembrane diterpenoids from a Hainan soft coral Sinularia sp.  

PubMed

Five new cembrane diterpenoids, named sinuflexibilins A-E (1-5), along with nine other known diterpenoids (6-14), have been isolated from the organic extract of a Hainan soft coral Sinularia sp. Their structures were determined on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses and by comparison of their spectral data with those of related metabolites. Compound 13, flexibilide, exhibited significant inhibitory activity of NF-?B activation using the cell-based HEK293 NF-?B luciferase reporter gene assay. PMID:23118718

Yang, Bin; Zhou, Xuefeng; Huang, Hui; Yang, Xian-Wen; Liu, Juan; Lin, Xiuping; Li, Xiubao; Peng, Yan; Liu, Yonghong

2012-09-01

387

A new cytosporone derivative from the endophytic fungus Cytospora sp.  

PubMed

Japanese oak wilt (JOW) is a tree disease caused by the fungus Raffaelea quercivora, which is vectored by the ambrosia beetle, Platypus quercivorus. In a screening study of the inhibitory active compounds from fungi, a new cytosporone analogue, compound 1, was isolated from the endophytic fungus Cytospora sp. TT-10 isolated from Japanese oak, together with the known compounds, integracin A (2), cytosporones N (3) and A (4). Their structures were determined by extensive 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopic and mass spectral analyses. Compound 1 was identified as 4,5-dihydroxy-3-heptylphthalide and named cytosporone E. Compounds 2 and 3 showed antimicrobial activity against Raffaelea quercivora. PMID:25230507

Takano, Tomoya; Koseki, Takuya; Koyama, Hiromasa; Shiono, Yoshihito

2014-07-01

388

Sesquiterpenes from the secondary metabolites of Streptomyces sp. (YIM 56130).  

PubMed

Three new sesquiterpenes were isolated from the fermentation broth of Streptomyces sp. and their structures were determined as caryolane-1,7?-diol (1), 1,6,11-eudesmanetriol; (1?,6?)-form (2), 11-eudesmene-1,6-diol; (1?,6?)-form (3), together with nine known compounds as caryolane-1,9?-diol (4), 2-methyl-5-nonanol (5), soyasaponin I (6), cyclo (Ala-Leu) (7), homononatinic acid (8), ?-sitosteryl glucoside-3'-O-heptadecoicate (9), 2'-deoxythymidine (10), 2'-deoxyuridine (11), trehalose (12). The structures were elucidated by spectral analysis. PMID:22041086

Yang, Zhi; Yang, Yabin; Yang, Xueqiong; Zhang, Yong; Zhao, Lixing; Xu, Lihua; Ding, Zhongtao

2011-01-01

389

Photosynthetic production of itaconic acid in Synechocystis sp. PCC6803.  

PubMed

Here, we report the photosynthetic production of itaconic acid (IA), a promising building block, from carbon dioxide (CO?) by Synechocystis sp. PCC6803. The engineered PCC6803 strain expressing cis-aconitate decarboxylase, the key enzyme in IA biosynthesis, produced 0.9 mg/L and 14.5 mg/L of IA at production rates of 42.8 ?gL(-1)day(-1) and 919.0 ?gL(-1)day(-1), under conditions of constant bubbling with air and 5% CO?, respectively. This is the first report on the possibility of IA production from CO? via the photosynthetic process in cyanobacteria. PMID:25554635

Chin, Taejun; Sano, Mei; Takahashi, Tetsuya; Ohara, Hitomi; Aso, Yuji

2015-02-10

390

Cupriavidus plantarum sp. nov., a plant-associated species.  

PubMed

During a survey of plant-associated bacteria in northeast Mexico, a group of 13 bacteria was isolated from agave, maize and sorghum plants rhizosphere. This group of strains was related to Cupriavidus respiraculi (99.4 %), but a polyphasic investigation based on DNA-DNA hybridization analysis, other genotypic studies and phenotypic features showed that this group of strains actually belongs to a new Cupriavidus species. Consequently, taking all the results together, the description of Cupriavidus plantarum sp. nov. is proposed. PMID:25098225

Estrada-de Los Santos, Paulina; Solano-Rodríguez, Roosivelt; Matsumura-Paz, Lucía Tomiko; Vásquez-Murrieta, María Soledad; Martínez-Aguilar, Lourdes

2014-11-01

391

Polyketides from a Marine-Derived Fungus Xylariaceae sp.  

PubMed Central

Eighteen polyketides (1–18) including six citrinin derivatives, two phenol derivatives, one cyclopentenone, two naphthol derivatives, and seven tetralone derivatives were isolated from the culture broth of a marine-derived fungal strain Xylariaceae sp. SCSGAF0086. Five of these compounds (1, 2, 8, 9, and 10) were new, and their structures were determined by spectroscopic methods. Compounds 4, 6, 7, and 17 showed enzyme-inhibitory activities towards several tested enzymes, and 6 and 7 showed strong antifouling activity against Bugula neritina larvae settlement. This is the first time that the antifouling and enzyme-inhibitory activities of these compounds has been reported. PMID:23697953

Nong, Xu-Hua; Zheng, Zhi-Hui; Zhang, Xiao-Yong; Lu, Xin-Hua; Qi, Shu-Hua

2013-01-01

392

Polyketides from a marine-derived fungus Xylariaceae sp.  

PubMed

Eighteen polyketides (1-18) including six citrinin derivatives, two phenol derivatives, one cyclopentenone, two naphthol derivatives, and seven tetralone derivatives were isolated from the culture broth of a marine-derived fungal strain Xylariaceae sp. SCSGAF0086. Five of these compounds (1, 2, 8, 9, and 10) were new, and their structures were determined by spectroscopic methods. Compounds 4, 6, 7, and 17 showed enzyme-inhibitory activities towards several tested enzymes, and 6 and 7 showed strong antifouling activity against Bugula neritina larvae settlement. This is the first time that the antifouling and enzyme-inhibitory activities of these compounds has been reported. PMID:23697953

Nong, Xu-Hua; Zheng, Zhi-Hui; Zhang, Xiao-Yong; Lu, Xin-Hua; Qi, Shu-Hua

2013-05-01

393

Kalicephalus sp. in a captive Russell's viper: a case report.  

PubMed

The occurrence of Kalicephalus sp. of hookworms in a Russell's viper snake maintained in Chennai snake park trust, Chennai is reported. These worms were found in the stomach and intestine. They were cylindrical, thread like and had an elongate body. Anterior end was obliquely truncated with bivalvular buccal capsule. Short, thick and muscularised oesophagus ending in a rounded bulb was observed. In males, a well developed trilobed bursa was observed and the spicules were short and equal. Typical strongyle type eggs were found in the uterus of female worms as well as in the intestinal contents. PMID:25035588

Kavitha, K T; Latha, B R; Bino Sundar, S T; Jayathangaraj, M G; Senthil Kumar, K; Sridhar, R; Abdul Basith, S

2014-09-01

394

Discovery of New Eunicellins from an Indonesian Octocoral Cladiella sp.  

PubMed Central

Two new 11-hydroxyeunicellin diterpenoids, cladieunicellin F (1) and (–)-solenopodin C (2), were isolated from an Indonesian octocoral Cladiella sp. The structures of eunicellins 1 and 2 were established by spectroscopic methods, and eunicellin 2 was found to be an enantiomer of the known eunicellin solenopodin C (3). Eunicellin 2 displayed inhibitory effects on the generation of superoxide anion and the release of elastase by human neutrophils. The previously reported structures of two eunicellin-based compounds, cladielloides A and B, are corrected in this study. PMID:21747739

Chen, Yung-Husan; Tai, Chia-Ying; Su, Yin-Di; Chang, Yu-Chia; Lu, Mei-Chin; Weng, Ching-Feng; Su, Jui-Hsin; Hwang, Tsong-Long; Wu, Yang-Chang; Sung, Ping-Jyun

2011-01-01

395

Two new compounds from an Indonesian sponge Dysidea sp.  

PubMed

On our joint bioprospecting research on Indonesian marine invertebrates, we found moderate cytotoxicity on an extract of the sponge Dysidea sp. collected at Biak, West Papua. Separation of the extract provided two new compounds, biaketide (1) and debromoantazirine (2), along with four known molecules 3-6. The new structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses and by comparison with those reported. Compounds 1 and 2 showed moderate cytotoxicity against NBT-T2 cells with IC50 values of 8.3 and 4.7 ?g ml(- 1), respectively. PMID:24251819

Trianto, Agus; de Voodg, Nicole J; Tanaka, Junichi

2014-01-01

396

Effect of Electrolytes on Differentiation in Achlya sp.  

PubMed Central

Some factors controlling the differentiation of sporangia and gemmae in an isolate of Achlya sp. were investigated by replacement culture technique. Factors in the replacement medium which affect differentiation were as follows: A) Calcium is required for the differentiation of both sporangia and gemmae. B) Calcium cannot be replaced by magnesium, potassium or sodium. C) Gemmae are induced when the replacement medium contains salt at 40 to 80 mm. D) The salt induction of gemmae is nonspecific, sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium chlorides are equally effective. PMID:16656393

Griffin, David H.

1966-01-01

397

[Biological activity of Penicillium sp. 10-51 exometabolites].  

PubMed

Silica gel column chromatography (silica gel "L" II kind of activity 100/160 mkm) of the chloroform extract from the cultural filtrate of Penicillium sp. 10-51 gave two fractions (chloroform and chloroform-acetone, 5:1) having biological activity. Recrystallization yielded two compounds. On the basis of physico-chemical and spectral data these compounds were identified as curvularin and hydroxycurvularin, which have a large spectrum of biological action as to bacteria, yeast, blue-green algae and phytopathogenic micromycetes. PMID:23088100

Savchuk, Ia I; Za?chenko, A M; Tsyganenko, E S

2012-01-01

398

SP-100 space reactor power system readiness and mission flexibility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The SP-100 Space Reactor Power System (SRPS) is being developed by GE, under contract to the U.S. Department of Energy, to provide electrical power in the range of 10s to 100s of kW. The system represents an enabling technology for a wide variety of earth orbital and interplanetary science missions, nuclear electric propulsion (NEP) stages, and lunar/Mars surface power for the Space Exploration Initiative (SEI). An effective infracture of Industry, National Laboratories and Government agencies has made substantial progress since the 1988 System Design Review. Hardware development and testing has progressed to the point of resolving the key technical feasibility issues. The technology and design is now at a state of readiness to support the definition of early flight demonstration missions. The benefits of utilizing a low power (6 to 20 kWe range) early flight mission as a precursor to operational missions in the 100 kWe range has received renewed interest among Government Agencies and Industry. Studies and assessments were performed throughout 1992 to further refine the potential missions and the SP-100 Space Reactor Power Systems that could be available to support these missions. The results of assessment showed that the ``first generation'' technology available now from the SP-100 program can support a wide range of candidate missions. The status of the nuclear technology was matured to the level of supporting a flight design with the present available data base. The conductively coupled thermoelectric cell technology is now in the cell level testing and verification phase and component level readiness is projected to be complete by the end of GFY94. Power system designs using the present day flight proven RTG unicouple have been established and also represent an attractive option for early launches. These design concepts are discussed in further detail in a companion paper. (Josloff 1993). This paper will review the SP-100 key features, technology status and early flight mission readiness and updates an earlier paper on this topic (Josloff 1992a).

Josloff, Allan T.; Matteo, Donald N.; Bailey, H. Sterling

1993-01-01

399

A novel phytotoxic nonenolide from Phomopsis sp. HCCB03520.  

PubMed

A novel phytotoxic nonenolide, (6S,7R,9R)-6,7-dihydroxy-9-propylnon-4-eno-9-lactone (1), was isolated from solid cultures of the endophytic fungus Phomopsis sp. HCCB03520, together with three known compounds, cytochalasin H (2), cytochalasin N (3), and epoxycytochalasin H (4). The structures of these compounds were elucidated through spectroscopic analysis, and the absolute configurations were determined by CD spectroscopy. Phytotoxic activities of compounds 1-4 were also investigated. Compound 1 showed phytotoxic activity on germination and radicle growth of Medicago sativa, Trifolium hybridum, and Buchloe dactyloides. PMID:22344916

Yang, Zhijun; Ge, Mei; Yin, Yu; Chen, Yi; Luo, Minyu; Chen, Daijie

2012-02-01

400

Testing of SP-100 reactor control approaches in the NAT  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A control scheme has been developed for the Nuclear Assembly Test (NAT) program to emulate the generic flight system (GFS) reactor control approach in the case of the SP-100 ground engineering system. Comparisons between the GFS simulation results and those of the NAT, giving attention to the reactor inlet flow rate and temperature, indicate that a reasonbly close simulation of GFS conditions is achievable on the basis of the NAT using the control scheme presented; the scheme regulates inlet flow rate by adjusting the electrical voltage to the primary system EM pump through a flow controller.

Rhow, Sang K.; Meyer, Raymond A.; Wong, Kwok K.; Halfen, Frank J.

401

Two new antimicrobial metabolites from the endophytic fungus, Seimatosporium sp.  

PubMed

Two new acaranoic acids, named seimatoporic acid A and B (1, and 2), together with six known compounds, R-(-)-mellein (3), cis-4-hydroxymellein (4), trans-4-hydroxymellein (5), 4R-hydroxy-5-methylmellein (6), (-)-5-hydroxymethylmellein (7), and ergosterol (8) were isolated from an endophytic fungus, Seimatosporium sp, by a bioassay-guided procedure. The structures of the new compounds have been assigned from analysis of the 1H and 13C NMR spectra, DEPT, and by 2D COSY, HMQC, HMBC and NOESY experiments. A mixture of compounds 1 and 2 showed strong antifungal activity against Botrytis cinerea, Septoria tritici, and Pyricularia oryzae. PMID:22545398

Hussain, Hidayat; Krohn, Karsten; Schulz, Barbara; Draeger, Siegfried; Nazir, Mamona; Saleem, Muhammad

2012-03-01

402

Aspergillus cibarius sp. nov., from traditional meju in Korea.  

PubMed

Aspergillus cibarius sp. nov. isolated from meju, a brick of dried fermented soybeans in Korea, is described. The species was also found from black bean, bread and salami in the Netherlands. It is characterized by abundant yellow to reddish brown ascomata and small lenticular ascospores (4.5-5.5 ?m) with a wide furrow, low equatorial crests and tuberculate or reticulate convex surface. The species was resolved as phylogenetically distinct from the other reported Aspergillus species with an Eurotium teleomorph based on multilocus sequence typing using partial fragments of the ?-tubulin, calmodulin, ITS and RNA polymerase II genes. PMID:22923125

Hong, Seung-Beom; Lee, Mina; Kim, Dae-Ho; Meijer, Martin; Majoor, Eline; Vankuyk, Patricia A; Samson, Robert A

2012-08-01

403

Pimarane diterpenes from the Arctic fungus Eutypella sp. D-1.  

PubMed

Two new diterpenes, libertellenone G(1) and libertellenone H(2) were isolated from the fungus Eutypella sp. D-1 isolated from the soil of high latitude of Arctic, together with two known pimarane diterpenes (3-4). The structures of 1 and 2 were elucidated from spectroscopic data (nuclear magnetic resonance, mass spectrometry and infrared). These compounds were evaluated for cytotoxic activity against seven human tumor cell lines. Compound 2 showed a range of cytotoxicity between 3.31 and 44.1??M. Compound 1 exhibited antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus. PMID:24169793

Lu, Xiao-Ling; Liu, Jing-Tang; Liu, Xiao-Yu; Gao, Yun; Zhang, Jianpeng; Jiao, Bing-Hua; Zheng, Heng

2014-02-01

404

Complete genome sequence of Thioalkalivibrio sp. K90mix  

PubMed Central

Thioalkalivibrio sp. K90mix is an obligately chemolithoautotrophic, natronophilic sulfur-oxidizing bacterium (SOxB) belonging to the family Ectothiorhodospiraceae within the Gammaproteobacteria. The strain was isolated from a mixture of sediment samples obtained from different soda lakes located in the Kulunda Steppe (Altai, Russia) based on its extreme potassium carbonate tolerance as an enrichment method. Here we report the complete genome sequence of strain K90mix and its annotation. The genome was sequenced within the Joint Genome Institute Community Sequencing Program, because of its relevance to the sustainable removal of sulfide from wastewater and gas streams. PMID:22675584

Muyzer, Gerard; Sorokin, Dimitry Y.; Mavromatis, Konstantinos; Lapidus, Alla; Foster, Brian; Sun, Hui; Ivanova, Natalia; Pati, Amrita; D'haeseleer, Patrik; Woyke, Tanja; Kyrpides, Nikos C.

2011-01-01

405

Bacillus sp. BS061 Suppresses Powdery Mildew and Gray Mold  

PubMed Central

The use of a microorganism, or its secretions, to prevent plant disease offers an attractive alternative or supplement to synthetic fungicides for the management of plant disease without the negative effects of chemical control mechanisms. During a screening for microorganisms with the potential to be used as microbial fungicides, Bacillus sp. BS061 was isolated from a plant leaf. The strain BS061 potently inhibited the mycelial growth of Botrytis cinerea, and significantly reduced disease incidence of powdery mildew in cucumber and strawberry. We also found that the culture filtrate of BS061 inhibited the mycelial growth of various plant pathogens. PMID:23874134

Kim, Young-Sook; Song, Ja-Gyeong; Lee, In-Kyoung; Yeo, Woon-Hyung

2013-01-01

406

SpS5 - III. Matter ejection and feedback  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The last part of SpS5 dealt with the circumstellar environment. Structures are indeed found around several types of massive stars, such as blue and red supergiants, as well as WRs and LBVs. As shown in the last years, the potential of IR for their study is twofold: first, IR can help discover many previously unknown nebulae, leading to the identification of new massive stars as their progenitors; second, IR can help characterize the nebular features. Current and new IR facilities thus pave the way to a better understanding of the feedback from massive stars.

Nazé, Yaël; Che, Xiao; Cox, Nick L. J.; Groh, José H.; Guerrero, Martin; Kervella, Pierre; Lee, Chien-De; Matsuura, Mikako; Oey, M. Sally; Stringfellow, Guy S.; Wachter, Stephanie

2015-03-01

407

New isolate of Streptomyces sp. with novel thermoalkalotolerant cellulases  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Streptomyces sp. was isolated that produced novel thermoalkalotolerant cellulase activity after growth on crystalline cellulose at 50?C.\\u000a Three major components of the cellulases (CMCase, Avicelase and cellobiase) were produced with maximal activities (11.8, 7.8\\u000a and 3.9 IU\\/ml) and maximum specific activities 357, 276 and 118 IU\\/mg protein, respectively, after 120 h growth. Maximum CMCase\\u000a activity was between 50 and 60?C measured over

Faiez Alani; William A. Anderson; Murray Moo-Young

2008-01-01

408

Identification and characterization of a novel human testis-specific Golgi protein, NYD-SP12  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel human testis-specific gene, NYD-SP12, was identified by hybridizing human adult or fetal testes cDNA samples with a human cDNA microarray containing 9216 clones. mRNA expression level of NYD-SP12 was 30-fold higher in human adult testes than fetal testes. Similarly, semi-quantitative RT-PCR revealed a differential expression pattern of an NYD-SP12 homologous gene in mouse adult and infant testes. PCR

Min Xu; Junhua Xiao; Jing Chen; Jianmin Li; Lanlan Yin; Hu Zhu; Zuomin Zhou; Jiahao Sha

2003-01-01

409

Sp1-like proteins function in the transcription of human ferredoxin genes  

Microsoft Academic Search

We characterized a regulatory element located in the ?76 to ?62 region of the human ferredoxin gene. This region bound to Sp1-like proteins with low affinity, as shown using electrophoretic mobility shift, competition, antibody binding, and Southwestern experiments. The similarity of the regulatory element to Sp1 extends beyond its DNA-binding domain, as cloned Sp1 functioned equally well when fused to

Jing-Ruey Yeh; Li-Chung Hsu; Bon-chu Chung

2000-01-01

410

Sp1Like Proteins Function in the Transcription of Human Ferredoxin Genes  

Microsoft Academic Search

We characterized a regulatory element located in the –76 to –62 region of the human ferredoxin gene. This region bound to Sp1-like proteins with low affinity, as shown using electrophoretic mobility shift, competition, antibody binding, and Southwestern experiments. The similarity of the regulatory element to Sp1 extends beyond its DNA-binding domain, as cloned Sp1 functioned equally well when fused to

Jing-Ruey Yeh; Li-Chung Hsu; Bon-chu Chung

2000-01-01

411

The SP and SI-frames design for H.264\\/AVC  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract—This paper discusses two new frame types, SP-frames and SI-frames, defined in the emerging video coding standard, known,as ITU-T Rec. H.264 or ISO\\/IEC MPEG-4\\/Part 10-AVC. The main feature of SP-frames is that identical SP-frames can be reconstructed even when different reference frames are used for their prediction. This property allows them to replace I-frames in applications such as splicing, random

Marta Karczewicz; Ragip Kurceren

2003-01-01

412

MPI-LAPI: An Efficient Implementation of MPI for IBM RS\\/6000 SP Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The IBM RS\\/6000 SP system is one of the most cost-effective commercially available highperformance machines. IBM RS\\/6000 SP systems support the Message Passing Interfacestandard (MPI) and LAPI. LAPI is a low level, reliable and efficient one sided communicationAPI library, implemented on IBM RS\\/6000 SP systems. This paper explains howthe high performance of the LAPI library has been exploited in order

Mohammad Banikazemi; Rama K. Govindaraju; Robert Blackmore; Dhabaleswar K. Panda

2001-01-01

413

The SP_PREP Data Preparation Package for the Hinode Spectro-Polarimeter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Hinode/Spectro-Polarimeter (SP) is the first space-borne precision spectro-polarimeter for the study of solar phenomena. It is primarily intended for measuring the solar photospheric vector magnetic field at high spatial and spectral resolution. This objective requires that the data are calibrated and conditioned to a high degree of precision. We describe how the calibration package SP_PREP for the SP operates.

Lites, B. W.; Ichimoto, K.

2013-04-01

414

Potential Role for CA-SP in Nucleating Retroviral Capsid Maturation  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT During virion maturation, the Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) capsid protein is cleaved from the Gag protein as the proteolytic intermediate CA-SP. Further trimming at two C-terminal sites removes the spacer peptide (SP), producing the mature capsid proteins CA and CA-S. Abundant genetic and structural evidence shows that the SP plays a critical role in stabilizing hexameric Gag interactions that form immature particles. Freeing of CA-SP from Gag breaks immature interfaces and initiates the formation of mature capsids. The transient persistence of CA-SP in maturing virions and the identification of second-site mutations in SP that restore infectivity to maturation-defective mutant viruses led us to hypothesize that SP may play an important role in promoting the assembly of mature capsids. This study presents a biophysical and biochemical characterization of CA-SP and its assembly behavior. Our results confirm cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) structures reported previously by Keller et al. (J. Virol. 87:13655–13664, 2013, doi:10.1128/JVI.01408-13) showing that monomeric CA-SP is fully capable of assembling into capsid-like structures identical to those formed by CA. Furthermore, SP confers aggressive assembly kinetics, which is suggestive of higher-affinity CA-SP interactions than observed with either of the mature capsid proteins. This aggressive assembly is largely independent of the SP amino acid sequence, but the formation of well-ordered particles is sensitive to the presence of the N-terminal ?-hairpin. Additionally, CA-SP can nucleate the assembly of CA and CA-S. These results suggest a model in which CA-SP, once separated from the Gag lattice, can actively promote the interactions that form mature capsids and provide a nucleation point for mature capsid assembly. IMPORTANCE The spacer peptide is a documented target for antiretroviral therapy. This study examines the biochemical and biophysical properties of CA-SP, an intermediate form of the retrovirus capsid protein. The results demonstrate a previously unrecognized activity of SP in promoting capsid assembly during maturation. PMID:24719425

England, Matthew R.; Purdy, John G.; Ropson, Ira J.; Dalessio, Paula M.

2014-01-01

415

Phosphorylation of the transcription factor Sp4 is reduced by NMDA receptor signaling.  

PubMed

The regulation of transcription factor function in response to neuronal activity is important for development and function of the nervous system. The transcription factor Sp4 regulates the developmental patterning of dendrites, contributes to complex processes including learning and memory, and has been linked to psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Despite its many roles in the nervous system, the molecular mechanisms regulating Sp4 activity are poorly understood. Here, we report a site of phosphorylation on Sp4 at serine 770 that is decreased in response to membrane depolarization. Inhibition of the voltage-dependent NMDA receptor increased Sp4 phosphorylation. Conversely, stimulation with NMDA reduced the levels of Sp4 phosphorylation, and this was dependent on the protein phosphatase 1/2A. A phosphomimetic substitution at S770 impaired the Sp4-dependent maturation of cerebellar granule neuron primary dendrites, whereas a non-phosphorylatable Sp4 mutant behaved like wild type. These data reveal that transcription factor Sp4 is regulated by NMDA receptor-dependent activation of a protein phosphatase 1/2A signaling pathway. Our findings also suggest that the regulated control of Sp4 activity is an important mechanism governing the developmental patterning of dendrites. PMID:24475768

Saia, Gregory; Lalonde, Jasmin; Sun, Xinxin; Ramos, Belén; Gill, Grace

2014-05-01

416

Migration, site selection, and development of Ornithodiplostomum sp. metacercariae (Digenea: Strigeoidea) in fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas)  

E-print Network

: Strigeoidea) in fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) Chelsea E. Matisz *, Cameron P. Goater Department of Ornithodiplostomum sp. metacercariae in their second intermediate host, the fathead minnow, Pimephales promelas

Wisenden, Brian D.

417

Sp8 and COUP-TF1 reciprocally regulate patterning and Fgf signaling in cortical progenitors.  

PubMed

To gain new insights into the transcriptional regulation of cortical development, we examined the role of the transcription factor Sp8, which is downstream of Fgf8 signaling and known to promote rostral cortical development. We have used a binary transgenic system to express Sp8 throughout the mouse telencephalon in a temporally restricted manner. Our results show that misexpression of Sp8 throughout the telencephalon, at early but not late embryonic stages, results in cortical hypoplasia, which is accompanied by increased cell death, reduced proliferation, and precocious neuronal differentiation. Misexpression of Sp8 at early developmental stages represses COUP-TF1 expression, a negative effector of Fgf signaling and a key promoter of posterior cortical identity, while ablation of Sp8 has the opposite effect. In addition, transgenic misexpression of COUP-TF1 resulted in downregulation of Sp8, indicating a reciprocal cross-regulation between these 2 transcription factors. Although Sp8 has been suggested to induce and/or maintain Fgf8 expression in the embryonic telencephalon, neither Fgf8 nor Fgf15 was upregulated using our gain-of-function approach. However, misexpression of Sp8 greatly increased the expression of Fgf target molecules, suggesting enhanced Fgf signaling. Thus, we propose that Sp8 promotes rostral and dorsomedial cortical development by repressing COUP-TF1 and promoting Fgf signaling in pallial progenitors. PMID:23307639

Borello, Ugo; Madhavan, Mayur; Vilinsky, Ilya; Faedo, Andrea; Pierani, Alessandra; Rubenstein, John; Campbell, Kenneth

2014-06-01

418

From pre-DP, post-DP, SP4, and SP8 Thymocyte Cell Counts to a Dynamical Model of Cortical and Medullary Selection.  

PubMed

Cells of the mature ?? T cell repertoire arise from the development in the thymus of bone marrow precursors (thymocytes). ?? T cell maturation is characterized by the expression of thousands of copies of identical ?? T cell receptors and the CD4 and/or CD8 co-receptors on the surface of thymocytes. The maturation stages of a thymocyte are: (1) double negative (DN) (TCR(-), CD4(-) and CD8(-)), (2) double positive (DP) (TCR(+), CD4(+) and CD8(+)), and (3) single positive (SP) (TCR(+), CD4(+) or CD8(+)). Thymic antigen presenting cells provide the appropriate micro-architecture for the maturation of thymocytes, which "sense" the signaling environment via their randomly generated TCRs. Thymic development is characterized by (i) an extremely low success rate, and (ii) the selection of a functional and self-tolerant T cell repertoire. In this paper, we combine recent experimental data and mathematical modeling to study the selection events that take place in the thymus after the DN stage. The stable steady state of the model for the pre-DP, post-DP, and SP populations is identified with the experimentally measured cell counts from 5.5- to 17-week-old mice. We make use of residence times in the cortex and the medulla for the different populations, as well as recently reported asymmetric death rates for CD4 and CD8 SP thymocytes. We estimate that 65.8% of pre-DP thymocytes undergo death by neglect. In the post-DP compartment, 91.7% undergo death by negative selection, 4.7% become CD4 SP, and 3.6% become CD8 SP. Death by negative selection in the medulla removes 8.6% of CD4 SP and 32.1% of CD8 SP thymocytes. Approximately 46.3% of CD4 SP and 27% of CD8 SP thymocytes divide before dying or exiting the thymus. PMID:24592261

Sawicka, Maria; Stritesky, Gretta L; Reynolds, Joseph; Abourashchi, Niloufar; Lythe, Grant; Molina-París, Carmen; Hogquist, Kristin A

2014-01-01

419

Metschnikowia drakensbergensis sp. nov. and Metschnikowia caudata sp. nov., endemic yeasts associated with Protea flowers in South Africa.  

PubMed

In a taxonomic study of yeasts recovered from nectar of flowers and associated insects in South Africa, 11 strains were found to represent two novel species. Morphological and physiological characteristics and sequence analyses of the large-subunit rRNA gene D1/D2 region, as well as the actin, RNA polymerase II and elongation factor 2 genes, showed that the two novel species belonged to the genus Metschnikowia. Metschnikowia drakensbergensis sp. nov. (type strain EBD-CdVSA09-2(T)?=CBS 13649(T)?=NRRL Y-63721(T); MycoBank no. MB809688; allotype EBD-CdVSA10-2(A)?=CBS13650(A)?=NRRL Y-63720(A)) was recovered from nectar of Protea roupelliae and the beetle Heterochelus sp. This species belongs to the large-spored Metschnikowia clade and is closely related to Metschnikowia proteae, with which mating reactions and single-spored asci were observed. Metschnikowia caudata sp. nov. (type strain EBD-CdVSA08-1(T)?=CBS 13651(T)?=NRRL Y-63722(T); MycoBank no. MB809689; allotype EBD-CdVSA57-2(A)?=CBS 13729(A)?=NRRL Y-63723(A)) was isolated from nectar of Protea dracomontana, P. roupelliae and P. subvestita and a honeybee, and is a sister species to Candida hainanensis and Metschnikowia lopburiensis. Analyses of the four sequences demonstrated the existence of three separate phylotypes. Intraspecies matings led to the production of mature asci of unprecedented morphology, with a long, flexuous tail. A single ascospore was produced in all compatible crosses, regardless of sequence phylotype. The two species appear to be endemic to South Africa. The ecology and habitat specificity of these novel species are discussed in terms of host plant and insect host species. PMID:25106927

de Vega, Clara; Guzmán, Beatriz; Steenhuisen, Sandy-Lynn; Johnson, Steven D; Herrera, Carlos M; Lachance, Marc-André

2014-11-01

420

The PP2A-A? gene is regulated by multiple transcriptional factors including Ets-1, SP1/SP3, and RXR?/?.  

PubMed

Protein phosphatase-2A (PP-2A) is a major serine/threonine phosphatase abundantly expressed in eukaryotes. PP-2A is a heterotrimer that contains a 65 kD scaffold A subunit, a 36 kD catalytic C subunit, and a regulatory B subunit of variable isoforms ranging from 54-130 kDs. The scaffold subunits, PP2A-A?/?, act as platforms for both the C and B subunits to bind, and thus are key structural components for PP-2A activity. Mutations in both genes encoding PP2A-A? and PP2A-A? lead to carcinogenesis and likely other human diseases. Our previous work showed that the gene coding for PP2A-A? is positively regulated by multiple transcription factors including Ets-1, CREB, and AP-2? but negatively regulated by SP-1/SP-3. In the present study, we have functionally dissected the promoter of the mouse PP2A-A? gene. Our results demonstrate that three major cis-elements, including the binding sites for Ets-1, SP1/SP3, and RXR?/?, are present in the proximal promoter of the mouse PP2A-A? gene. Gel mobility shifting assays reveal that Ets-1, SP1/SP3, and RXR?/? all bind to PP2A-A? gene promoter. In vitro mutagenesis and reporter gene activity assays demonstrate that while Ets-1 displays negative regulation, SP1/SP3 and RXR?/? positively regulate the promoter of the PP2A-A? gene. Co-expression of the cDNAs encoding Ets-1, SP1/SP3, or RXR?/? and the luciferase reporter gene driven by PP2A-A? promoter further confirm their control over the PP2A-A? promoter. Finally, ChIP assays demonstrate that Ets-1, SP1/SP3, and RXR?/? can all bind to the PP2A-A? gene promoter. Together, our results reveal that multiple transcription factors regulate the PP2A-A? gene. Moreover, our results provide important information explaining why PP2A-A? and PP2A-A? display distinct expression levels. PMID:22827437

Liu, J; Ji, W; Sun, S; Zhang, L; Chen, H-G; Mao, Y; Liu, L; Zhang, X; Gong, L; Deng, M; Chen, L; Han, W-J; Chen, P-C; Hu, W-F; Hu, X; Woodward, Z; Liu, W-B; Xiao, Y-M; Liang, S-P; Liu, Y; Liu, S-J; Li, D W-C

2012-09-01

421

Complete Genome Sequence of the Hyperthermophilic Archaeon Thermococcus sp. Strain CL1, Isolated from a Paralvinella sp. Polychaete Worm Collected from a Hydrothermal Vent  

PubMed Central

Thermococcus sp. strain CL1 is a hyperthermophilic, anaerobic, and heterotrophic archaeon isolated from a Paralvinella sp. polychaete worm living on an active deep-sea hydrothermal sulfide chimney on the Cleft Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge. To further understand the distinct characteristics of this archaeon at the genome level, its genome was completely sequenced and analyzed. Here, we announce the complete genome sequence (1,950,313 bp) of Thermococcus sp. strain CL1, with a focus on H2- and energy-producing capabilities and its amino acid biosynthesis and acquisition in an extreme habitat. PMID:22887670

Jung, Jong-Hyun; Holden, James F.; Seo, Dong-Ho; Park, Kwan-Hwa; Shin, Hakdong; Ryu, Sangryeol

2012-01-01

422

Paenibacillus tundrae sp. nov. and Paenibacillus xylanexedens sp. nov., psychrotolerant, xylan-degrading bacteria from Alaskan tundra.  

PubMed

Eight psychrotolerant, xylan-degrading strains of bacteria that were catalase-positive, oxidase-negative and able to reduce nitrate to nitrite were isolated from soil beneath moist non-acidic and acidic tundra in northern Alaska. The DNA G+C contents for the strains ranged from 46.4-50.3 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that each strain belonged to the genus Paenibacillus. The highest level of 16S rRNA gene similarity was found between the eight strains and Paenibacillus amylolyticus NRRL NRS-290(T) (98.9-99.1 %). However, despite relatively high 16S rRNA gene similarity, DNA-DNA hybridization, repetitive elements genotyping and phenotypic analysis revealed that at least two of the strains differed from P. amylolyticus NRRL NRS-290(T). DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain A10b(T) and P. amylolyticus NRRL NRS-290(T) (4.3 %), between strain B22a(T) and P. amylolyticus NRRL NRS-290(T) (48.8 %) and between strain A10b(T) and strain B22a(T) (11.0 %) were below those recommended by the ad hoc committee for those belonging to the same species. Significant phenotypic features that differentiate these novel strains from P. amylolyticus included their inability to utilize l-arabinose and ability to utilize glycogen as sole carbon sources. Unlike strains 1B4a and B22a(T), strains A6a and A10b(T) produced ethanol as an end product of glucose fermentation, utilized acetic acid and 2,3-butanediol and did not utilize d-gluconic acid. MK-7 was the major isoprenoid quinone and anteiso-C(15 : 0) was the most abundant fatty acid for strains A10b(T) and B22a(T). On the basis of these results, strains A10b(T) and B22a(T) are each considered to represent a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus, for which the names Paenibacillus tundrae sp. nov. and Paenibacillus xylanexedens sp. nov. are proposed, respectively. The type strain of Paenibacillus tundrae sp. nov. is A10b(T) (=NRRL B-51094(T)=DSM 21291(T)). The type strain of Paenibacillus xylanexedens sp. nov. is B22a(T) (=NRRL B-51090(T)=DSM 21292(T)). PMID:19542122

Nelson, David M; Glawe, Adam J; Labeda, David P; Cann, Isaac K O; Mackie, Roderick I

2009-07-01

423

Babesial Vector Tick Defensin against Babesia sp. Parasites? †  

PubMed Central

Antimicrobial peptides are major components of host innate immunity, a well-conserved, evolutionarily ancient defensive mechanism. Infectious disease-bearing vector ticks are thought to possess specific defense molecules against the transmitted pathogens that have been acquired during their evolution. We found in the tick Haemaphysalis longicornis a novel parasiticidal peptide named longicin that may have evolved from a common ancestral peptide resembling spider and scorpion toxins. H. longicornis is the primary vector for Babesia sp. parasites in Japan. Longicin also displayed bactericidal and fungicidal properties that resemble those of defensin homologues from invertebrates and vertebrates. Longicin showed a remarkable ability to inhibit the proliferation of merozoites, an erythrocyte blood stage of equine Babesia equi, by killing the parasites. Longicin was localized at the surface of the Babesia sp. parasites, as demonstrated by confocal microscopic analysis. In an in vivo experiment, longicin induced significant reduction of parasitemia in animals infected with the zoonotic and murine B. microti. Moreover, RNA interference data demonstrated that endogenous longicin is able to directly kill the canine B. gibsoni, thus indicating that it may play a role in regulating the vectorial capacity in the vector tick H. longicornis. Theoretically, longicin may serve as a model for the development of chemotherapeutic compounds against tick-borne disease organisms. PMID:17485458

Tsuji, Naotoshi; Battsetseg, Badgar; Boldbaatar, Damdinsuren; Miyoshi, Takeharu; Xuan, Xuenan; Oliver, James H.; Fujisaki, Kozo

2007-01-01

424

Zygosaccharomyces sapae sp. nov., isolated from Italian traditional balsamic vinegar.  

PubMed

Fourteen yeast isolates were recovered from two traditional balsamic vinegar (TBV) samples collected in the provinces of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy. Microsatellite-primed-PCR (MSP-PCR) was used to de-replicate the isolate collection into two representative strains, ABT301(T) and ABT601. Phylogenetic analysis based on the D1/D2 domains of the 26S rRNA gene indicated that these strains represented a distinct species of the genus Zygosaccharomyces, closely related to Zygosaccharomyces rouxii and Zygosaccharomyces mellis. Physiological and morphological tests supported the recognition of a novel taxon of halotolerant, osmotolerant, non-psychrotolerant and maltose-fermentation-negative yeasts showing a chain or star-shaped pattern of budding cells, which remained attached to each other. Morphological observations offered evidence of ascospore formation. A novel species, Zygosaccharomyces sapae sp. nov., is proposed to accommodate these strains, with strain ABT301(T) (= CBS 12607(T) = MUCL 54092(T)) as the type strain. Based on D1/D2 domain phylogenetic analysis, the novel strains shared the highest sequence similarity (100 %) with Zygosaccharomyces sp. strain NCYC 3042, previously isolated from sugar [James, S. A., Bond, C. J., Stratford, M. & Roberts, I. N. (2005). FEMS Yeast Res 5, 747-755]. However, based on phylogenetic (internal transcribed spacers, ITS), PCR fingerprinting and physiological analyses, marked differences were observed between the novel species and strain NCYC 3042, and these results are discussed in more detail. PMID:23024146

Solieri, Lisa; Chand Dakal, Tikam; Giudici, Paolo

2013-01-01

425

TRPV1 and SP: key elements for sepsis outcome?  

PubMed Central

Sensory neurons play important roles in many disorders, including inflammatory diseases, such as sepsis. Sepsis is a potentially lethal systemic inflammatory reaction to a local bacterial infection, affecting thousands of patients annually. Although associated with a high mortality rate, sepsis outcome depends on the severity of systemic inflammation, which can be directly influenced by several factors, including the immune response of the patient. Currently, there is a lack of effective drugs to treat sepsis, and thus there is a need to develop new drugs to improve sepsis outcome. Several mediators involved in the formation of sepsis have now been identified, but the mechanisms underlying the pathology remain poorly understood. The transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) receptor and the neuropeptide substance P (SP) have recently been demonstrated as important targets for sepsis and are located on sensory neurones and non-neuronal cells. Herein, we highlight and review the importance of sensory neurones for the modulation of sepsis, with specific focus on recent findings relating to TRPV1 and SP, with their distinct abilities to alter the transition from local to systemic inflammation and also modify the overall sepsis outcome. We also emphasize the protective role of TRPV1 in this context. LINKED ARTICLES This article is part of a themed section on Neuropeptides. To view the other articles in this section visit http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bph.2013.170.issue-7 PMID:23145480

Bodkin, Jennifer Victoria; Fernandes, Elizabeth Soares

2013-01-01

426

SpIES:The Spitzer IRAC Equatorial Survey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Spitzer-IRAC Equatorial Survey, SpIES, is an Exploration Science program using Warm Spitzer to map over 100deg^2 of the SDSS Stripe 82 field, and is the largest extragalactic area surveyed by Spitzer. The primary science drivers are: the measurement of z>3 quasar clustering and the luminosity function in order to test different "AGN feedback'' models; to identify obscured AGN (and take advantage of the wide range of multi-wavelength, multi-epoch ancillary data on the Stripe 82 field); to identify z>6 quasars, and to support other wide-field ancillary science. With our observations very recently completed, we present the first preliminary science results from SpIES. This work is based [in part] on observations made with the Spitzer Space Telescope, which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology under a contract with NASA. Support for this work was provided by NASA through an award issued by JPL/Caltech.

Timlin, John; Ross, Nicholas; Richards, Gordon T.; Lacy, Mark; Bauer, Franz E.; Brandt, W. Niel; Fan, Xiaohui; Haggard, Daryl; Makler, Martin; Myers, Adam D.; Strauss, Michael A.; Urry, C. Megan; SpIES Team

2015-01-01

427

SP-100 power system conceptual design for lunar base applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A conceptual design is presented for a nuclear power system utilizing an SP-100 reactor and multiple Stirling cycle engines for operation on the lunar surface. Based on the results of this study, it was concluded that this power plant could be a viable option for an evolutionary lunar base. The design concept consists of a 2500 kWt (kilowatt thermal) SP-100 reactor coupled to eight free-piston Stirling engines. Two of the engines are held in reserve to provide conversion system redundancy. The remaining engines operate at 91.7 percent of their rated capacity of 150 kWe. The design power level for this system is 825 kWe. Each engine has a pumped heat-rejection loop connected to a heat pipe radiator. Power system performance, sizing, layout configurations, shielding options, and transmission line characteristics are described. System components and integration options are compared for safety, high performance, low mass, and ease of assembly. The power plant was integrated with a proposed human lunar base concept to ensure mission compatibility. This study should be considered a preliminary investigation; further studies are planned to investigate the effect of different technologies on this baseline design.

Mason, Lee S.; Bloomfield, Harvey S.; Hainley, Donald C.

1989-01-01

428

SP-100 power system conceptual design for lunar base applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A conceptual design is presented for a nuclear power system utilizing an SP-100 reactor and multiple Stirling cycle engines for operation on the lunar surface. Based on the results of this study, it was concluded that this power plant could be a viable option for an evolutionary lunar base. The design concept consists of a 2500 kWt (kilowatt thermal) SP-100 reactor coupled to eight free-piston Stirling engines. Two of the engines are held in reserve to provide conversion system redundancy. The remaining engines operate at 91.7 percent of their rated capacity of 150 kWe. The design power level for this system is 825 kWe. Each engine has a pumped heat-rejection loop connected to a heat pipe radiator. Power system performance, sizing, layout configurations, shielding options, and transmission line characteristics are described. System components and integration options are compared for safety, high performance, low mass, and ease of assembly. The power plant was integrated with a proposed human lunar base concept to ensure mission compatibility. This study should be considered a preliminary investigation; further studies are planned to investigate the effect of different technologies on this baseline design.

Mason, Lee S.; Bloomfield, Harvey S.; Hainley, Donald C.

429

Intermolecular cross-links mediate aggregation of phospholipid vesicles by pulmonary surfactant protein SP-A.  

PubMed

As the most abundant glycoprotein component of pulmonary surfactant, SP-A (Mr = 30,000-36,000) plays a central role in the organization of phospholipid bilayers in the alveolar air space. SP-A, isolated from lung lavage, exists in oligomeric forms (N = 6, 12, 18, ...), mediated by collagen-like triple helices and intermolecular disulfide bonds. These protein-protein interactions, involving the amino-terminal domain of SP-A, are hypothesized to facilitate the alignment of surfactant lipid bilayers into unique tubular myelin structures. SP-A reorganization of surfactant lipid was assessed in vitro by quantitating the calcium-dependent light scattering properties of lipid vesicle suspensions induced by SP-A. Accelerated aggregation of unilamellar vesicles required SP-A and at least 3 mM free calcium. The initial rate of aggregation was proportional to the concentration of canine SP-A over lipid:protein molar ratios ranging from 200:1 to 5000:1. Digestion with bacterial collagenase or incubation with dithiothreitol (DTT) completely blocked lipid aggregation activity. Both treatments decreased the binding of SP-A to phospholipids. The conditions used in the DTT experiments (10 mM DTT, nondenaturing Tris buffer, 37 degrees C) resulted in the selective reduction and 14C-alkylation of the intermolecular disulfide bond involving residue 9Cys, whereas the four cysteines found in the noncollagenous domain of SP-A were inefficiently alkylated with [14C]-iodoacetate. HPLC analysis of tryptic SP-A peptides revealed that these four cysteine residues participate in intramolecular disulfide bond formation (138Cys-229Cys and 207Cys-221Cys). Our data demonstrate the importance of the quaternary structure (triple helix and intermolecular disulfide bond) of SP-A for the aggregation of unilamellar phospholipid vesicles. PMID:1988071

Ross, G F; Sawyer, J; O'Connor, T; Whitsett, J A

1991-01-22

430

Sinorhizobium arboris sp. nov. and Sinorhizobium kostiense sp. nov., isolated from leguminous trees in Sudan and Kenya.  

PubMed

SDS-PAGE of total bacterial proteins was applied to the classification of 25 Sudanese and five Kenyan strains isolated from the root nodules of Acacia senegal and Prosopis chilensis. Twenty strains were also studied by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE) and the whole 16S rRNA gene was sequenced from two strains representing the two major clusters. These results, together with the previously reported numerical taxonomy analysis, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis studies, DNA-DNA dot-blot hybridization, genomic fingerprinting using repetitive sequence-based PCR, DNA base composition analysis, DNA-DNA reassociation analysis, partial sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene and RFLP analysis of the amplified 16S rRNA gene, showed that all 30 strains belong to the genus Sinorhizobium. Two of the strains grouped with Sinorhizobium saheli and seven with Sinorhizobium terangae, while the rest did not cluster with any of the established species. The majority of the strains formed two phenotypically and genotypically distinct groups and we therefore propose that these strains should be classified as two new species, Sinorhizobium arboris sp. nov. and Sinorhizobium kostiense sp. nov. PMID:10555313

Nick, G; de Lajudie, P; Eardly, B D; Suomalainen, S; Paulin, L; Zhang, X; Gillis, M; Lindström, K

1999-10-01

431

Aspergillus baeticus sp. nov. and Aspergillus thesauricus sp. nov., two species in section Usti from Spanish caves.  

PubMed

Two novel species of Aspergillus that are clearly distinct from all known species in section Usti were revealed during a study of microfungal communities in Spanish caves. The novel species identified in this study and additional species of Aspergillus section Usti are associated with places and substrates related to human activities in caves. Novel species are described using data from four loci (ITS, benA, caM and rpb2), morphology and basic chemical and physiological analyses. Members of the species Aspergillus thesauricus sp. nov. were isolated from various substrates, including decaying organic matter, cave air and cave sediment of the Cueva del Tesoro Cave (the Treasure cave); the species is represented by twelve isolates and is most closely related to the recently described Aspergillus germanicus. Members of the species Aspergillus baeticus sp. nov. were isolated from cave sediment in the Gruta de las Maravillas Cave (the Grotto of the Marvels); the species is represented by two isolates. An additional isolate was found in the Cueva del Tesoro Cave and in the Demänovská Peace Cave (Slovakia), suggesting a potentially wide distribution of this micro-organism. The species is related to Aspergillus ustus and Aspergillus pseudoustus. Both species were unable to grow at 37 °C, and a weakly positive, light greenish yellow Ehrlich reaction was observed in A. thesauricus. Unique morphological features alone are sufficient to distinguish both species from related taxa. PMID:22505602

Nováková, Alena; Hubka, Vit; Saiz-Jimenez, Cesareo; Kolarik, Miroslav

2012-11-01

432

Mapping of sp2/sp3 in DLC thin film by signal processed ESI series energy-loss image.  

PubMed

A set of signal processing methods comprising fast Fourier transform interpolation, maximum entropy deconvolution and wavelet transformation has been successfully integrated to improve the equality of the extracted C K-edge spectra from electron spectroscopic imaging (ESI) series. Fast Fourier transform interpolation is used to improve the dispersion arising from discrete sampling of ESI series in the energy space. The maximum entropy method is used to dispel the convolution effect resulting from that ESI series acquired with a finite energy window. Wavelet transformation is applied to de-noise the extracted ESI spectrum. The post-processed ESI spectrum has quality as good as that of a probe-acquired spectrum and makes semi-quantitative analysis of the two-dimensional sp2/sp3 ratio map in diamond-like carbon thin film possible. In general, this method is applicable for reconstructing good quality core-loss electron energy-loss spectra from a nanometre-sized area, so that it may be possible to quantitatively analyse two-dimensional information about electronic structure in materials with near nanometre resolution. PMID:12630782

Yan, Jing-Yi; Chen, Fu-Rong; Kai, Ji-Jung

2002-01-01

433

Graphene-on-diamond devices with increased current-carrying capacity: carbon sp2-on-sp3 technology.  

PubMed

Graphene demonstrated potential for practical applications owing to its excellent electronic and thermal properties. Typical graphene field-effect transistors and interconnects built on conventional SiO(2)/Si substrates reveal the breakdown current density on the order of 1 ?A/nm(2) (i.e., 10(8) A/cm(2)), which is ~100× larger than the fundamental limit for the metals but still smaller than the maximum achieved in carbon nanotubes. We show that by replacing SiO(2) with synthetic diamond, one can substantially increase the current-carrying capacity of graphene to as high as ~18 ?A/nm(2) even at ambient conditions. Our results indicate that graphene's current-induced breakdown is thermally activated. We also found that the current carrying capacity of graphene can be improved not only on the single-crystal diamond substrates but also on an inexpensive ultrananocrystalline diamond, which can be produced in a process compatible with a conventional Si technology. The latter was attributed to the decreased thermal resistance of the ultrananocrystalline diamond layer at elevated temperatures. The obtained results are important for graphene's applications in high-frequency transistors, interconnects, and transparent electrodes and can lead to the new planar sp(2)-on-sp(3) carbon-on-carbon technology. PMID:22329428

Yu, Jie; Liu, Guanxiong; Sumant, Anirudha V; Goyal, Vivek; Balandin, Alexander A

2012-03-14

434

Dioszegia antarctica sp. nov. and Dioszegia cryoxerica sp. nov., psychrophilic basidiomycetous yeasts from polar desert soils in Antarctica  

USGS Publications Warehouse

During a survey of the culturable soil fungal population in samples collected in Taylor Valley, South Victoria Land, Antarctica, 13 basidiomycetous yeast strains with orange-coloured colonies were isolated. Phylogenetic analyses of internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and partial LSU rRNA gene sequences showed that the strains belong to the Dioszegia clade of the Tremellales (Tremellomycetes, Agaricomycotina), but did not correspond to any of the hitherto recognized species. Two novel species, Dioszegia antarctica sp. nov. (type strain ANT-03-116T =CBS 10920T =PYCC 5970T) and Dioszegia cryoxerica sp. nov. (type strain ANT-03-071T =CBS 10919T =PYCC 5967T), are described to accommodate ten and three of these strains, respectively. Analysis of ITS sequences demonstrated intrastrain sequence heterogeneity in D. cryoxerica. The latter species is also notable for producing true hyphae with clamp connections and haustoria. However, no sexual structures were observed. The two novel species can be considered obligate psychrophiles, since they failed to grow above 20?°C and grew best between 10 and 15?°C.

Rodriguez, Russell J.; Connell, L.; Redman, R.; Barrett, A.; Iszard, M.; Fonseca, A.

2010-01-01

435

Streptococcus tangierensis sp. nov. and Streptococcus cameli sp. nov., two novel Streptococcus species isolated from raw camel milk in Morocco.  

PubMed

Biochemical and molecular genetic studies were performed on two unidentified Gram-stain positive, catalase and oxidase negative, non-hemolytic Streptococcus-like organisms recovered from raw camel milk in Morocco. Phenotypic characterization and comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing demonstrated that the two strains were highly different from each other and that they did not correspond to any recognized species of the genus Streptococcus. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed the unidentified organisms each formed a hitherto unknown sub-line within the genus Streptococcus, displaying a close affinity with Streptococcus moroccensis, Streptococcus minor and Streptococcus ovis. DNA G+C content determination, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and biochemical tests demonstrated the bacterial isolates represent two novel species. Based on the phenotypic distinctiveness of the new bacteria and molecular genetic evidence, it is proposed to classify the two strains as Streptococcus tangierensis sp. nov., with CCMM B832(T) (=LMG 27683(T)) as the type strain, and Streptococcus cameli sp. nov., with CCMM B834(T) (=LMG 27685(T)) as the type strain. PMID:25491120

Kadri, Zaina; Vandamme, Peter; Ouadghiri, Mouna; Cnockaert, Margo; Aerts, Maarten; Elfahime, El Mostafa; Farricha, Omar El; Swings, Jean; Amar, Mohamed

2015-02-01

436

Reconstruction and Comparison of the Metabolic Potential of Cyanobacteria Cyanothece sp. ATCC 51142 and Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803  

PubMed Central

Cyanobacteria are an important group of photoautotrophic organisms that can synthesize valuable bio-products by harnessing solar energy. They are endowed with high photosynthetic efficiencies and diverse metabolic capabilities that confer the ability to convert solar energy into a variety of biofuels and their precursors. However, less well studied are the similarities and differences in metabolism of different species of cyanobacteria as they pertain to their suitability as microbial production chassis. Here we assemble, update and compare genome-scale models (iCyt773 and iSyn731) for two phylogenetically related cyanobacterial species, namely Cyanothece sp. ATCC 51142 and Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. All reactions are elementally and charge balanced and localized into four different intracellular compartments (i.e., periplasm, cytosol, carboxysome and thylakoid lumen) and biomass descriptions are derived based on experimental measurements. Newly added reactions absent in earlier models (266 and 322, respectively) span most metabolic pathways with an emphasis on lipid biosynthesis. All thermodynamically infeasible loops are identified and eliminated from both models. Comparisons of model predictions against gene essentiality data reveal a specificity of 0.94 (94/100) and a sensitivity of 1 (19/19) for the Synechocystis iSyn731 model. The diurnal rhythm of Cyanothece 51142 metabolism is modeled by constructing separate (light/dark) biomass equations and introducing regulatory restrictions over light and dark phases. Specific metabolic pathway differences between the two cyanobacteria alluding to different bio-production potentials are reflected in both models. PMID:23133581

Saha, Rajib; Verseput, Alex T.; Berla, Bertram M.; Mueller, Thomas J.; Pakrasi, Himadri B.; Maranas, Costas D.

2012-01-01

437

Genetic variant associations of human SP-A and SP-D with acute and chronic lung injury  

PubMed Central

Pulmonary surfactant, a lipoprotein complex, maintains alveolar integrity and plays an important role in lung host defense, and control of inflammation. Altered inflammatory processes and surfactant dysfunction are well described events that occur in patients with acute or chronic lung disease that can develop secondary to a variety of insults. Genetic variants of surfactant proteins, including single nucleotide polymorphisms, haplotypes, and other genetic variations have been associated with acute and chronic lung disease throughout life in several populations and study groups. The hydrophilic surfactant proteins SP-A and SP-D, also known as collectins, in addition to their surfactant-related functions, are important innate immunity molecules as these, among others, exhibit the ability to bind and enhance clearance of a wide range of pathogens and allergens. This review focuses on published association studies of human surfactant proteins A and D genetic polymorphisms with respiratory, and non-respiratory diseases in adults, children, and newborns. The potential role of genetic variations in pulmonary disease or pathogenesis is discussed following an evaluation, and comparison of the available literature. PMID:22201752

Silveyra, Patricia; Floros, Joanna

2013-01-01

438

Taxonomic characterization of Haloferax sp. (" H. alicantei") strain Aa 2.2: description of Haloferax lucentensis sp. nov.  

PubMed

An extremely halophilic archaeon, previously named as Haloferax sp. strain Aa 2.2 or "Haloferax alicantei" that has been extensively used for genetic studies with halobacteria, was taxonomically characterized by using phenotypic tests (including morphological, physiological, biochemical and nutritional features), DNA-DNA hybridization and 16S rRNA sequence phylogenetic analysis. This organism was isolated in 1986 by Torreblanca et al. from a pond of a Spanish saltern located in Alicante. The cells were pleomorphic, Gram negative and grew optimally at 25% NaCl. The polar lipid composition was similar to that of species of the genus Haloferax. The DNA G+C content of this strain was 64.5 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA sequence comparison confirmed that this archaeon is a member of the genus Haloferax and was most closely related to Haloferax volcanii. DNA-DNA hybridization between strain Aa 2.2 and the type strain of all named species of the genus Haloferax revealed low levels of relatedness (25-2%), supporting the placement of this organism in a new species. On the basis of the phenotypic characteristics, molecular data and phylogenetic analysis we propose to name strain Aa 2.2 as a new species, Haloferax lucentensis sp. nov. The type strain is Aa 2.2 (=JCM 9276=NCIMB 13854=CIP 107410=DSM 14919=CECT 5871=CCM 7023). PMID:12486456

Gutierrez, M Carmen; Kamekura, Masahiro; Holmes, Melissa L; Dyall-Smith, Michael L; Ventosa, Antonio

2002-12-01

439

Candida adriatica sp. nov. and Candida molendinolei sp. nov., two yeast species isolated from olive oil and its by-products.  

PubMed

Thirteen strains isolated from virgin olive oil or its by-products in several Mediterranean countries were found to be phenotypically and genetically divergent from currently recognized yeast species. Sequence analysis of the large subunit (LSU) rDNA D1/D2 domain and internal transcribed spacer regions/5.8S rDNA revealed that the strains represented two novel species described as Candida adriatica sp. nov. (type strain ZIM 2334(T) = CBS 12504(T) = NCAIM Y.02001(T)) and Candida molendinolei sp. nov. (type strain DBVPG 5508(T) = CBS 12508(T) = NCAIM Y.02000(T)). Phylogenetic analysis based on concatenated sequences of the small subunit rRNA gene, the D1/D2 region of the LSU rDNA and the translation elongation factor-1? gene suggested that C. adriatica sp. nov. and C. molendinolei sp. nov. should be placed within the Lindnera and Nakazawaea clades, respectively. PMID:22228664

?adež, Neža; Raspor, Peter; Turchetti, Benedetta; Cardinali, Gianluigi; Ciafardini, Gino; Veneziani, Gianluca; Péter, Gábor

2012-09-01

440

Isolation and characterization of catechol 2,3-dioxygenase genes from phenanthrene degraders Sphingomonas, sp. ZP1 and Pseudomonas sp. ZP2.  

PubMed

Two bacterial strains, Sphingomonas sp. ZP1 and Pseudomonas stutzeri sp ZP2, were identified as having phenanthrene-degrading ability and were characterized. The activity of catechol-2,3-dioxygenase (C230) of both strains was measured. With degradation of phenanthrene with an initial concentration of 250 ppm, the C230 activity of both strain ZP1 and ZP2 increased. The ZP1 strain consumed all phenanthrene at day 6, and strain ZP2 degraded 250 ppm of phenanthrene at around day 5; C230 activity in strain ZP1 reached its peak of 6.92 U at day 6, and C230 activity in strain ZP2 achieved 7.80 U as its peak at day 5. After all phenanthrene (250ppm) was consumed, C230 activity in both Sphingomonas sp. ZP1 and Pseudomonas stutzeri ZP2 decreased. Analysis of the C230 gene sequence indicated that gene PhnZP1 from strain ZP1 has close sequence similarity with the C230 gene from the nearest strain Sphingomonas. sp. KMG 425 (98% identity), 97% similarity with the C230 gene catA from S. paucimobilis sp. TZS-7, and 94% similar with catE gene from S. sp. HV3. The sequence of the C230 gene PhnZP2 of strain ZP2 has 98% similarity with the cmpE gene from strain S. sp., 92% similarity with the phnE gene from P. sp. DJ77 strain, and 90% similarity with all selected C230 genes from Pseudomonas genus strains. PMID:22439578

Zhao, He-Ping; Liang, Sheng-Hua; Yang, Xiaoe

2011-12-01

441

Biodegradation and detoxication of phenol by using free and immobilized cells of Acinetobacter sp. XA05 and Sphingomonas sp. FG03  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strain XA05 and FG03 with high biodegradation activity of phenol were isolated from the activated sludge and phenol-contaminated soils in Northwest of China, respectively. DNA sequencing and homologous analysis of 16s rRNA gene identified that XA05 belonged to an Acinetobacter sp. and FG03 was closely related to the Sphingomonas sp. Cells of strain XA05 and FG03 were mixed at the

Yong J. Liu; Marcell Nikolausz; Xiao C. Wang

2009-01-01

442

CpG methylation regulates allelic expression of GDF5 by modulating binding of SP1 and SP3 repressor proteins to the osteoarthritis susceptibility SNP rs143383.  

PubMed

GDF5 encodes an extracellular signalling molecule that is essential for normal skeletal development. The rs144383 C to T SNP located in the 5'UTR of this gene is functional and has a pleiotropic effect on the musculoskeletal system, being a risk factor for knee-osteoarthritis (OA), congenital hip dysplasia, lumbar disc degeneration and Achilles tendon pathology. rs143383 exerts a joint-wide effect on GDF5 expression, with expression of the OA-associated T allele being significantly reduced relative to the C allele, termed allelic expression imbalance. We have previously reported that the GDF5 locus is subject to DNA methylation and that allelic imbalance of rs143383 is mediated by SP1, SP3 and DEAF1 transcriptional repressors. In this study, we have assayed GDF5 methylation in normal and osteoarthritic cartilage, and investigated the effect of methylation on the allelic imbalance of rs143383. We observed demethylation of the GDF5 5'UTR in OA knee cartilage relative to both OA (p = 0.009) and non-OA (p = 0.001) hip cartilage, with the most significant demethylation observed at the highly conserved +37 CpG site located 4 bp upstream of rs143383. Methylation modulates the level and direction of allelic imbalance of rs143383, with methylation of the +37 CpG dinucleotide within the SP1/SP3 binding site having an allele-specific effect on SP1 and SP3 binding. Furthermore, methylation attenuated the repressive effects of SP1, SP3 and DEAF1 on GDF5 promoter activity. This data suggest that the differential methylation of the +37 CpG site between osteoarthritic hip and knee cartilage may be responsible for the knee-specific effect of rs143383 on OA susceptibility. PMID:24861163

Reynard, Louise N; Bui, Catherine; Syddall, Catherine M; Loughlin, John

2014-08-01

443

SpSld3 Is Required for Loading and Maintenance of SpCdc45 on Chromatin in DNA Replication in Fission Yeast  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Initiation of DNA replication in eukaryotic cells is regulated through the ordered assembly,of replication complexes,at origins of replication. Associa tion of Cdc45 with the origins is a crucial step in assembly of the replication machinery,hence can be considered a target for the regulation of origin activation. To examine the process required for SpCdc45 loading, we isolated fission yeast SpSld3,a

Reiko Nakajima; Hisao Masukata

2002-01-01

444

Comparison between natural infection by Cryptosporidium sp., Giardia sp. in dogs in two living situations in the West Zone of the municipality of Rio de Janeiro  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to compare natural infection by Cyptosporidium sp. and Giardia sp. in clinically healthy dogs living in two situations (animal shelter and household pets), we conducted 166 faecal exams using the technique of centrifugation–flotation in a sugar-saturated solution. Of the faecal samples, 94 came from shelter dogs and 72 from house pets. Eighty-two (49.4%) contained parasite eggs, cysts or

F. Huber; T. C. B. Bomfim; R. S. Gomes

2005-01-01

445

Palladium-catalyzed picolinamide-directed coupling of C(sp(2))-H and C(sp(2))-H: a straightforward approach to quinolinone and pyridone scaffolds.  

PubMed

An unprecedented palladium-catalyzed picolinamide-directed coupling of C(sp(2))-H and C(sp(2))-H has been developed with exclusive formation of the six-membered ring heterocyclics - quinolinone and pyridone. The method employs cyclic hypervalent iodine as oxidant and features good functional-group tolerance. Another advantage of this reaction is that sequential C-H/C-H and C-H/N-H coupling could be achieved. PMID:25838056

Zhang, Dengyou; Gao, Feng; Nian, Yong; Zhou, Yu; Jiang, Hualiang; Liu, Hong

2015-04-16

446

Taxometric analysis of helminthes of marine fishes. 1. Pedunculacetabulum spinatum n.sp., from Chorinemus mandetta and Wenyonia rhincodonti n.sp., from Rhincodon typus.  

PubMed

The investigations include report of two new worms from marine fishes of Central West Coast of Goa in Arabian Sea. A trematode, Pedunculacetabulum spinatum n.sp. from Chorinemusmandetta and Wenyonia rhincodoni n.sp. from sharks, Rhincodon typus have been described and compared with closer species. The systematics of genus Pedunculacetabulum Yamaguti (Japan J Zool 6:1-112, 1934) has been discussed with detailed evidence of taxometric significance to reinstate this genus. PMID:23024510

Malhotra, Anshu; Jaiswal, Neeshma; Singh, H R; Capoor, V N; Malhotra, Sandeep K

2011-10-01

447

Revision of the genus Pteroplistes in India, with the description of two new species Pteroplistes kervasae Jaiswara, n. sp. and Pteroplistes masinagudi Jaiswara, n. sp. (Orthoptera, Grylloidea, Pteroplistinae).  

PubMed

Pteroplistes Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1873 is an Indo-Malaysian cricket genus with only one species, P. platycleis Bolivar, 1899(1900) known from India. Here, we redescribe the genus Pteroplistes and P. platycleis and describe two new Indian species, Pteroplistes kervasae Jaiswara, n. sp. and Pteroplistes masinagudi Jaiswara, n. sp. from the Western Ghats, using morphology and genitalia. Identification keys to separate the Indian species of Pteroplistes are provided and the distribution of the genus in India is discussed. PMID:24943415

Jaiswara, Ranjana; Desutter-Grandcolas, Laure

2014-01-01

448

Association of p107 with Sp1: Genetically Separable Regions of p107 Are Involved in Regulation of E2F- and Sp1Dependent Transcription  

Microsoft Academic Search

The retinoblastoma-related protein p107 has been shown to be a regulator of the transcription factor E2F. p107 associates with E2F via its pocket region and represses E2F-dependent transcription. In this study, we provide evidence for a novel interaction between p107 and the transcription factor Sp1. We show that p107 can be found endogenously associated with Sp1 in the extracts of

PRAN K. DATTA; PRADIP RAYCHAUDHURI; ANDSRILATA BAGCHI

1995-01-01

449

First identification of Trichinella sp. in golden jackal (Canis aureus) in Romania.  

PubMed

Larvae of Trichinella sp. were identified in a golden jackal (Canis aureus) from Romania by both trichinelloscopy and artificial digestion. The larvae were identified as Trichinella britovi using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction biotyping method. This is the first report of Trichinella sp. in a jackal in Romania. PMID:18436679

Blaga, R; Gherman, C; Seucom, D; Cozma, V; Boireau, P

2008-04-01

450

Ecological observations on the colonial ascidian Didemnum sp. in a New England tide pool habitat  

Microsoft Academic Search

The colonial ascidian Didemnum sp. has colonized northwestern Atlantic coastal habitats from southern Long Island, New York, to Eastport, Maine. It is also present in offshore habitats of the Georges Bank fishing grounds. It threatens to alter fisheries habitats and shellfish aquacultures.Observations in a tide pool at Sandwich, MA from December 2003 to February 2006 show that Didemnum sp. tolerates

Page C. Valentine; Mary R. Carman; Dann S. Blackwood; Erin J. Heffron

2007-01-01

451

Draft Genome of Pseudomonas sp. Strain 11/12A, Isolated from Lake Washington Sediment  

PubMed Central

We announce here the genome sequencing of Pseudomonas sp. strain 11/12A from Lake Washington sediment. From the genome content, a versatile lifestyle is predicted but not one of bona fide methylotrophy. With the availability of its genomic sequence, Pseudomonas sp. 11/12A presents a prospective model for studying microbial communities in lake sediments. PMID:25700412

McTaggart, Tami L.; Shapiro, Nicole; Woyke, Tanja

2015-01-01

452

Draft Genome of Janthinobacterium sp. RA13 Isolated from Lake Washington Sediment  

PubMed Central

Sequencing the genome of Janthinobacterium sp. RA13 from Lake Washington sediment is announced. From the genome content, a versatile life-style is predicted, but not bona fide methylotrophy. With the availability of its genomic sequence, Janthinobacterium sp. RA13 presents a prospective model for studying microbial communities in lake sediments. PMID:25676775

McTaggart, Tami L.; Shapiro, Nicole; Woyke, Tanja

2015-01-01

453

Immunolectrophorse contresens en gel d'aga-rose, avec des extraits de vignes (Vitis sp.) infec-  

E-print Network

Immunoélectrophorèse à contresens en gel d'aga- rose, avec des extraits de vignes (Vitis sp.) infec. Counterimmunoelectrophoresis in agar-gel with extracts of grapevines Vitis sp. infected by grape fanleaf and arabis mosaic préparés en utilisant de jeunes feuilles apicales de Vitis vinifera cv. « Pinot noir », V. rupestris

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

454

LOCALIZATION OF THE SPERM PROTEIN SP22 AND INHIBITION OF FERTILITY IN VIVO AND IN VITRO  

EPA Science Inventory

We previously established that the levels sperm membrane protein SP22 are highly correlated with the fertility of sperm from the cauda epididymidis of rats exposed to both epididymal and testicular toxicants, and that a testis-specific SP22 transcript is expressed in post-meiotic...

455

Draft Genome Sequence of Geobacillus sp. Strain FW23, Isolated from a Formation Water Sample.  

PubMed

The thermophilic Geobacillus sp. strain FW23 was isolated from the Mehsana oil wells in Gujrat, India, during a screening for oil-degrading bacteria. Here,