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1

U.S. Special Operations: Context and Capabilities in Irregular Warfare.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Irregular warfare (IW) is a concept highlighted in contemporary military thinking, but it encompasses a perspective that has long been the core of America's special operations forces (SOF). The United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM), created b...

E. T. Olson

2010-01-01

2

Special Osprey: Impact on Special Operations Doctrine.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The CV-22 Osprey will be the next generation Special Operations insertion and extraction platform. The Air Force Special Operations Command will begin receiving the modified Marine Corps MV-22's in 2002, with full operational capability scheduled for 2010...

T. J. Trask

1996-01-01

3

LOFT Augmented Operator Capability Program  

SciTech Connect

The outline of the LOFT Augmented Operator Capability Program is presented. This program utilizes the LOFT (Loss-of-Fluid Test) reactor facility which is located at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory and the LOFT operational transient experiment series as a test bed for methods of enhancing the reactor operator's capability for safer operation. The design of an Operational Diagnotics and Display System is presented which was backfit to the existing data acquisition computers. Basic color-graphic displays of the process schematic and trend type are presented. In addition, displays were developed and are presented which represent safety state vector information. A task analysis method was applied to LOFT reactor operating procedures to test its usefulness in defining the operator's information needs and workload.

Hollenbeck, D.A.; Krantz, E.A.; Hunt, G.L.; Meyer, O.R.

1980-01-01

4

Complex Adaptive Special Operations (CASO).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Success in future war requires Special Operations Forces (SOF) to operate as a complex adaptive system. This paper offers a future operating concept called Complex Adaptive Special Operations (CASO), which incorporates the intrinsically unorthodox nature ...

P. R. Burns

2007-01-01

5

Operant Conditioning for Special Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper briefly explains operant conditioning as it pertains to special educators. Operant conditioning is thought to be an efficient method for modifying student behavior. Using the B. F. Skinner frame of reference, operant conditioning is said to include behavior modification and therapy, programed instruction, and computer assisted and…

Pedrini, Bonnie C.; Pedrini, D. T.

6

Congress Wades into Special Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Fiscal Year 1987 National Defense Authorization Bill included legislation that directed a significant reorganization of the Defense Department's special operations forces (SOF). Specifically, the legislation directed the formation of a unified combata...

J. H. Koren

1988-01-01

7

Special Operations Officer Talent Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

How should the Department of Defense (DoD) execute the talent management (TM) of special operations forces (SOF) commissioned officers. The Services provide the basic TM of SOF officers at the beginning of their careers. Once officers transition to SOF, U...

J. J. Turner

2013-01-01

8

Joint Capabilities for Post-Conflict Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Victory is determined not only by what happens during a period of conflict but also by what happens after the fighting ends, during post-conflict operations. This monograph examines what joint military capabilities are required for post-conflict operation...

B. J. Reider

2004-01-01

9

CCSDS Mission Operations Action Service Core Capabilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the operations concepts of the command (action) services. Since the consequences of sending the wrong command are unacceptable, the command system provides a collaborative and distributed work environment for flight controllers and operators. The system prescribes a review and approval process where each command is viewed by other individuals before being sent to the vehicle. The action service needs additional capabilities to support he operations concepts of manned space flight. These are : (1) Action Service methods (2) Action attributes (3) Action parameter/argument attributes (4 ) Support for dynamically maintained action data. (5) Publish subscri be capabilities.

Reynolds, Walter F.; Lucord, Steven A.; Stevens, John E.

2009-01-01

10

Cost, capability, and risk for planetary operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The three key factors for flight projects - cost, capability, and risk - are examined with respect to their interplay, the uplink process, cost drivers, and risk factors. Scientific objectives are translated into a computer program during the uplink process, and examples are given relating to the Voyager Interstellar Mission, Galileo, and the Comet Rendezvous Asteroid Flyby. The development of a multimission sequence system based on these uplinks is described with reference to specific subsystems such as the pointer and the sequence generator. Operational cost drivers include mission, flight-system, and ground-system complexity, uplink traffic, and work force. Operational risks are listed in terms of the mission operations, the environment, and the mission facilities. The uplink process can be analyzed in terms of software development, and spacecraft operability is shown to be an important factor from the initial stages of spacecraft development.

Mclaughlin, William I.; Deutsch, Marie J.; Miller, Lanny J.; Wolff, Donna M.; Zawacki, Steven J.

1992-01-01

11

Bulgarian National Security and Special Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study explores the nature of Bulgarian national security and how it is supported by Bulgarian Special Operations Forces (BSOF). It examines the changing global security environment and its implications on Bulgarian security challenges in the 21st Cen...

R. Hristov

2006-01-01

12

Operationalizing Special Operations Aviation in Indonesia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study researched the possible roles and missions conducted by the United States Special Operation Aviation (SOA) community, particularly rotary-wing, fix-wing, unmanned aerial vehicles' roles, as well as SOA's role in Foreign Internal Defense. After ...

G. K. Messner

2006-01-01

13

The Design of a Capability-Based Distributed Operating System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifth-generation computer systems will use large numbers of processors to achieve high performance. In this paper a capability-based operating system designed for this environment is discussed. Capability-based operating systems have traditionally required large, complex kernels to manage the use of capabilities. In our proposal, capability management is done entirely by user programs without giving up any of the protection aspects

Sape J. Mullender; Andrew S. Tanenbaum

1986-01-01

14

Survey of Self-Reported Injuries Among Special Boat Operators.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Special Operations place great physical demands on personnel. In most Navy settings, greater physical demands are associated with greater musculoskeletal injury rates. Within the Special Operations community, Special Boat operators have a unique set of ri...

W. Ensign J. A. Hodgdonl W. Prusaczyk S. Ahlers D. Shapiro

2000-01-01

15

Journal of Special Operations Medicine, Volume 3, Edition 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Journal of Special Operations Medicine is an authorized official quarterly publication of the United States Special Operations Command, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida. It is in no way associated with the civilian Special Operations Medical Associatio...

2003-01-01

16

Jesuits: History's Most Effective Special Operators.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Jesuit missions to China, India, and Japan from 1540 to 1773 form a useful model for contemporary U.S. special operators seeking influence in societies infinitely different from their own. The year 1540 coincides with the beginning of the Society of Jesus...

C. N. Culbertson

2007-01-01

17

Response Surface Approach to the Combat Rescue and Special Operations Simulation Model.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis proposes a methodology for producing response surface metamodels to enhance the force sizing capability at Military Airlift Command. Output generated by the Combat Rescue and Special Operations Forces simulation model was used to develop the s...

S. Harris

1989-01-01

18

Unattended ground sensor systems for special operations forces  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unattended Ground Sensor Systems (UGSS) are evolving from large (physical) scale sensing and processing to microelectronic systems capable of processing sensed information and imagery in near-real time on movement of vehicles and personnel. Equipment needed by Special Operations Forces (SOF) includes remote wireless sensor suites comprised of sensor arrays of 'Motes' (magnetic, acoustic, seismic and/or micro-impulse radar), Radio Frequency (RF) relays, remote sensor controllers, with supporting long haul exfiltration, methods to visualize and analyze the information returned, and finally, a command and control capability that allows the sensors to be remotely accessed for turn on and off. This presentation will discuss the technology requirements of UGSS for the Special Operations Community in the areas of special reconnaissance, environmental reconnaissance, coastal patrol, targeting, and threat assessment. Specific emphasis will be placed on power technology, image compression, communications, micro-robotics, sensing devices and technology to include biological and chemical sensors. Self-forming sensor networks, high resolution still and motion cameras, laser systems, and data collection will also be addressed. In addition, this presentation will present a set of scenarios used in experimentation with unattended sensors.

Morgan, Paul F.

2004-09-01

19

30 CFR 49.4 - Alternative mine rescue capability for special mining conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Alternative mine rescue capability for special mining conditions... Section 49.4 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING MINE RESCUE TEAMS Mine Rescue Teams for...

2013-07-01

20

Expanding Remote Science Operations Capabilities Onboard the International Space Station  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

EXPRESS Racks have been supporting payload science operations onboard the International Space Station (ISS) since April of 2001. EXPRESS is an acronym that stands for "EXpedite the PRocessing of Experiments to Space Station." This name reflects NASA's focus to simplify the process of manifesting experiments and maximizing scientific research capabilities by providing a robust, remotely operated payload support platform. The EXPRESS Rack System was developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) and built by The Boeing Company in Huntsville, Alabama. Eight EXPRESS racks were built and five are currently onboard the ISS supporting science operations. The design and development of the EXPRESS Rack System is a long story that has been documented in previous publications. This paper briefly describes the facilities used to develop and verify flight software, test operational capabilities. It then traces the advancements made in the operational capabilities of the EXPRESS Racks from the time they were launched on STS-100 through the present. The paper concludes with a description of potential enhancements that will make the EXPRESS racks one of the most advanced and capable remote science platforms ever developed.

Cruzen, Craig A.; Dyer, Steven V.; Gibbs, Richard E., III; Cech, John G.

2004-01-01

21

32 CFR 707.8 - Special operations lights.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Special operations lights. 707.8 Section 707.8 National Defense...WITH RESPECT TO ADDITIONAL STATION AND SIGNAL LIGHTS § 707.8 Special operations lights. Naval vessels may dispay, as a means...

2013-07-01

22

Journal of Special Operations Medicine. Inaugural Issue, December 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three decades ago, no one in a Special Operations unit ever thought: that Special Operations would be considered 'legitimate,' that one could spend more than one assignment in SOF without committing Career suicide; that we could actually (and legally) own...

2000-01-01

23

An integrated approach for special operations.  

PubMed

The Department of Defense (DoD) faces unprecedented challenges as the Nation confronts balancing a strong military to confront threats with the realities of diminishing financial resources. That each warfighter is a critical resource was underscored the Special Operations principal tenet "humans are more important than hardware." These challenges have popularized the term "human performance optimization" (HPO), which became ingrained in DoD around 2005. This article is the first in a new series relating to HPO, and we define the term and concept of HPO, describe other phrases used (e.g., performance enhancement; performance sustainment, performance restoration; and human performance modification). Last, we introduce an integrated model for HPO. PMID:24952047

Deuster, Patricia A; Grunberg, Neil E; O'Connor, Francis G

2014-01-01

24

Notes on the ''RATS'' and ''Capability-List'' Operating Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

These notes have two related purposes: they describe the RATS operating system implemented on a PDP-11/45; and they discuss the properties and the potential of ''Capability-List'' (C-List)-type machines. Fundamental to the understanding of the C-List conc...

J. E. Donnelley

1974-01-01

25

Entirely passive heat pipe apparatus capable of operating against gravity  

DOEpatents

The disclosure is directed to an entirely passive heat pipe apparatus capable of operating against gravity for vertical distances in the order of 3 to 7 meters and more. A return conduit into which an inert gas is introduced is used to lower the specific density of the working fluid so that it may be returned a greater vertical distance from condenser to evaporator.

Koenig, Daniel R. (Santa Fe, NM)

1982-01-01

26

LOTIS facility initial operational capabilities: flexible user interfaces  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Large Optical Test and Integration Site (LOTIS) at the Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company in Sunnyvale, CA, has successfully reached Initial Operational Capability (IOC). LOTIS is designed for the verification and testing of optical systems. The facility consists of a large, temperature stabilized vacuum chamber that also functions as a class 10k cleanroom. Within this chamber and atop an advanced vibration-isolation bench are the 6.5 meter diameter LOTIS Collimator and Scene Generator, LOTIS alignment and support equipment. IOC included completion of the entire facility as well as operation of the LOTIS collimator in air. Wavefront properties of the collimator will be described as well as facility vibration isolation properties and turbulence levels within the collimator test chamber. User-specific test capabilities will also be addressed for two major areas of concern.

Hutchison, Sheldon B.; Bell, Raymond M., Jr.; Borota, Stephen A.; Cuzner, Gregor J.; Cochrane, Andrew T.

2010-10-01

27

The Royal Naval Medical Services: delivering medical operational capability. the 'black art' of Medical Operational Planning.  

PubMed

This article looks to dispel the mysteries of the 'black art' of Medical Operational Planning whilst giving an overview of activity within the Medical Operational Capability area of Medical Division (Med Div) within Navy Command Headquarters (NCHQ) during a period when the Royal Naval Medical Services (RNMS) have been preparing and reconfiguring medical capability for the future contingent battle spaces. The rolling exercise program has been used to illustrate the ongoing preparations taken by the Medical Operational Capability (Med Op Cap) and the Medical Force Elements to deliver medical capability in the littoral and maritime environments. PMID:24511796

Faye, M

2013-01-01

28

Journal of Special Operations Medicine, Volume 7, Edition 3.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

FEATURE ARTICLES: Transfusion Medicine by Troy Johnson, MD; Rob Kacprowicz, MD; Dan Mosely, MD. Special Operations Medicine: A Federal Law Enforcement Perspective by Daniel J. Schmidt, Special Agent, DEA. Community Acquired Methicillin Resistant Staphyloc...

2007-01-01

29

NOAA Operational Space Environmental Monitoring - Current Capabilities and Future Directions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the next few years the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) will field new operational capabilities for monitoring the near-earth space environment in addition to maintaining continued measurements in geostationary orbit. The most exciting new capability will be transitioning routine solar wind and magnetic field measurements at L1 (240 Re) from the NASA Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) satellite to the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) which will be launched in early 2015 with a projected on-orbit readiness in mid-2015. Also under consideration is a solar-sail demonstration mission, called SUNJAMMER, for acquiring plasma and field measurements at twice the L1 location. Both DSCOVR and SUNJAMMER will provide a near-term advanced warning of impending space weather events that can adversely affect communications, satellite operations, GPS positioning and commercial air transportation. NESDIS has also supported the development of a Compact Coronagraph (CCOR) which could provide a several day warning of space weather when coupled with an interplanetary disturbance propagation model like ENLIL. Routine monitoring of the ionosphere will be provided by the Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate (COSMIC) II as a system which is a partnership among the Taiwan's National Space Organization, the U.S. Air Force and NOAA. The new operational capabilities provided by DSCOVR, SUNJAMMER, CCOR and COSMIC II are provided against the backdrop of continued space environmental measurements from the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) which, in the near future, will transition to the GOES-R series of advanced space weather sensors. Continued space environmental measurements in polar low earth orbit (LEO) will continue to be provided by the remaining Polar Operational Environmental Satellites (POES) and the European MetOp satellites. Instrument specialists at the National Geophysical Data Center and Space Weather Prediction Center are using a combination of operational measurements and models to develop advanced now-cast and forecast space weather applications. Present and future capabilities include but are not limited to the Oval Variation Assessment Tracking Intensity and Online Now-casting (OVATION) Prime based auroral forecast and magnetopause location and geosynchronous crossing detection applications.

Denig, William; Redmon, Rob; Mulligan, Patricia

2014-05-01

30

PT-1 Plasmoid Thruster Capable of Multi-Mode Operation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the concept of a Plasmoid Thruster that is capable of operating in several different modes. A plasmoid is a compact plasma structure with an integral magnetic field, that may be categorized according to the relative strength of the poloidal and toroidal magnetic fields. A plasmoid thruster would operate by repetitively producing plasmoids that are accelerated to high velocity. The process is inductive, and the magnetic structure of the plasmoid suppresses thermal and mass losses, and improves detachment of the exhaust. The Drive and Bias circuits, the gas distribution, the pre-ionization stage, and the operation sequence are detailed. The advantages of the Plasmoid thruster and the research and technology required for development of this form of propulsion is reviewed.

Miller, Robert; Rose, Frank; Eskridge, Richard; Martin, Adam; Alam, Mohammed

2008-01-01

31

Telescience testbedding: Technical and operational requirements for an international capability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Clear and predetermined definitions of interoperability, data exchange, standards and commonality are identified as crucial in research and development work involving the participation of several countries. Such international cooperation includes payloads of several countries flown together on a platform developed by a different country. This environment necessitates that privacy and security also be ensured. Testbedding as a means of rapid prototyping new technologies and operational scenarios is outlined. Several NASA, European and Japanese programs employing this methodology to evaluate and develop telescience capabilities for space science users and mission operators are described. Collaborative testbeding by international participants can provide the focus for studying some of the key interface and operational issues for the space and ground information and communication systems of the 1990's. Existing NASA, ESA and NASDA testbeds, an architecture for interconnecting them, potential for joint utilization, and some management concepts for fostering collaboration are described.

Mian, Arshad; Rasmussen, Daryl

1990-10-01

32

Quantification of Special Operations Mission-Related Performance: Operational Evaluation of Physical Measures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) has identified a need for standardized measures to quantify mission-related performance when conducting research in the Special Operations community. Based on operator input, five measures of physical...

D. Hyde J. R. Thomas J. Schrot W. F. Taylor

1997-01-01

33

Research to Operations: Maintaining US Space Weather Capability after DMSP  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) spacecraft was launched in 1972; the last is scheduled to fly in 2012. Presently, there is no replacement for the space weather monitoring instruments that fly on DMSP. These sensors have provided extensive, long-term data sets that constitute a critical component of the US space weather capabilities. The US Air Force is currently considering options for new space weather missions. Evolving operational needs and recent research accomplishments justify continued collection of space environmental data. Examples include measurements to: (1) monitor in real time the Dst index that will drive next-generation satellite drag models; (2) calibrate electromagnetic energy flux from the magnetosphere into the ionosphere and thermosphere that heats neutrals and drives winds that degrade precise orbit determinations (3) determine strengths of electric fields at high and low latitudes during the main phase of magnetic storms that lead to severe blackouts and spacecraft anomalies (4) characterize plasma density irregularities, equatorial plasma bubbles, and Appleton anomaly variability to improve reliability of transionospheric communication and surveillance links; (5) characterize particle flux responsible for auroral clutter and radar degradation; (6) map regions of L-Band scintillation for robust GPS applications; and (7) update the World Magnetic Field Model to maintain superiority in guidance systems. These examples illustrate the need for continued space environment awareness. Comprehensive assessments of both operational requirements and research advances are needed to inform selections of sensors and spacecraft that will define future operational capabilities.

Gentile, L. C.; Burke, W. J.; de La Beaujardiere, O.; Huang, C. Y.; Wilson, G. R.; Rich, F. J.

2008-12-01

34

30 CFR 49.4 - Alternative mine rescue capability for special mining conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING MINE RESCUE TEAMS § 49.4 Alternative mine rescue capability for special...vehicles full access to all parts of the mine in which miners work or travel; (4) Roadways or other openings are not...

2010-07-01

35

Maintaining US Space Weather Capabilities after DMSP: Research to Operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) spacecraft was launched in 1972; the last is scheduled to fly in 2020. Presently, there is no replacement for the space-weather monitoring sensors that now fly on DMSP. The present suite has provided comprehensive, long-term records that constitute a critical component of the US space weather corporate memory. Evolving operational needs and research accomplishments justify continued collection of space environmental data. Examples include measurements to: (1) Monitor the Dst index in real time as a driver of next-generation satellite drag models; (2) Quantify electromagnetic energy fluxes from deep space to the ionosphere/ thermosphere that heat neutrals, drive disturbance-dynamo winds and degrade precise orbit determinations; (3) Determine strengths of stormtime electric fields at high and low latitudes that lead to severe blackouts and spacecraft anomalies; (4) Specify variability of plasma density irregularities, equatorial plasma bubbles, and the Appleton anomaly to improve reliability of communication, navigation and surveillance links; (5) Characterize energetic particle fluxes responsible for auroral clutter and radar degradation; (6) Map regions of L-Band scintillation for robust GPS applications; and (7) Update the World Magnetic Field Model needed to maintain guidance system superiority. These examples illustrate the utility of continued space environment awareness. Comprehensive assessments of both operational requirements and research advances are needed to make informed selections of sensors and spacecraft that support future capabilities. A proposed sensor set and satellite constellation to provide the needed measurement capabilities will be presented.

Machuzak, J. S.; Gentile, L. C.; Burke, W. J.; Holeman, E. G.; Ober, D. M.; Wilson, G. R.

2012-12-01

36

Developing an operational capabilities index of the emergency services sector.  

SciTech Connect

In order to enhance the resilience of the Nation and its ability to protect itself in the face of natural and human-caused hazards, the ability of the critical infrastructure (CI) system to withstand specific threats and return to normal operations after degradation must be determined. To fully analyze the resilience of a region and the CI that resides within it, both the actual resilience of the individual CI and the capability of the Emergency Services Sector (ESS) to protect against and respond to potential hazards need to be considered. Thus, a regional resilience approach requires the comprehensive consideration of all parts of the CI system as well as the characterization of emergency services. This characterization must generate reproducible results that can support decision making with regard to risk management, disaster response, business continuity, and community planning and management. To address these issues, Argonne National Laboratory, in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Sector Specific Agency - Executive Management Office, developed a comprehensive methodology to create an Emergency Services Sector Capabilities Index (ESSCI). The ESSCI is a performance metric that ranges from 0 (low level of capabilities) to 100 (high). Because an emergency services program has a high ESSCI, however, does not mean that a specific event would not be able to affect a region or cause severe consequences. And because a program has a low ESSCI does not mean that a disruptive event would automatically lead to serious consequences in a region. Moreover, a score of 100 on the ESSCI is not the level of capability expected of emergency services programs; rather, it represents an optimal program that would rarely be observed. The ESSCI characterizes the state of preparedness of a jurisdiction in terms of emergency and risk management. Perhaps the index's primary benefit is that it can systematically capture, at a given point in time, the capabilities of a jurisdiction to protect itself from, mitigate, respond to, and recover from a potential incident. On the basis of this metric, an interactive tool - the ESSCI Dashboard - can identify scenarios for enhancement that can be implemented, and it can identify the repercussions of these scenarios on the jurisdiction. It can assess the capabilities of law enforcement, fire fighting, search and rescue, emergency medical services, hazardous materials response, dispatch/911, and emergency management services in a given jurisdiction and it can help guide those who need to prioritize what limited resources should be used to improve these capabilities. Furthermore, this tool can be used to compare the level of capabilities of various jurisdictions that have similar socioeconomic characteristics. It can thus help DHS define how it can support risk reduction and community preparedness at a national level. This tool aligns directly with Presidential Policy Directive 8 by giving a jurisdiction a metric of its ESS's capabilities and by promoting an interactive approach for defining options to improve preparedness and to effectively respond to a disruptive event. It can be used in combination with other CI performance metrics developed at Argonne National Laboratory, such as the vulnerability index and the resilience index for assessing regional resilience.

Collins, M.J.; Eaton, L.K.; Shoemaker, Z.M.; Fisher, R.E.; Veselka, S.N.; Wallace, K.E.; Petit, F.D. (Decision and Information Sciences)

2012-02-20

37

Marine Special Operations Companies Need Marine Air.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Letterman style 'Top Ten' lists were always popular with the pilots and crews of Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron-261. During 22D Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) workups at Fort AP Hill, Virginia, HMM-261 aircrews poked fun at the Marine Special Operatio...

M. E. Woodard

2009-01-01

38

10 CFR 73.25 - Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material...NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF PLANTS AND MATERIALS Physical Protection of Special Nuclear Material...

2012-01-01

39

10 CFR 73.25 - Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material...NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF PLANTS AND MATERIALS Physical Protection of Special Nuclear Material...

2011-01-01

40

10 CFR 73.25 - Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material...NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF PLANTS AND MATERIALS Physical Protection of Special Nuclear Material...

2013-01-01

41

10 CFR 73.25 - Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material in transit.  

...2014-01-01 false Performance capabilities for physical protection of strategic special nuclear material...NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF PLANTS AND MATERIALS Physical Protection of Special Nuclear Material...

2014-01-01

42

Golden Arrows: Leveraging Strategic Leadership Potential of Special Operations Leaders.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Intent of Research: This paper examines current and future requirements for strategic leadership of the United States Army and identifies Special Operations Forces senior leaders as potential strategic leaders of the Army based upon the alignment their pr...

R. M. Kirila

2013-01-01

43

Combating Transnational Organized Crime: An Emerging Special Operations Mission.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Transnational Organized Crime abides by no known laws, respects no international boundaries, and has the ability to topple nation-states. Allied forces trained by U.S. Special Operations Forces battle enterprising organized criminal forces around the worl...

R. A. Newton

2001-01-01

44

36 CFR 251.122 - Historical operator special use authorizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LAND USES Revenue-Producing Visitor Services in Alaska § 251...authorization, and the historical operator continues to possess the capability to provide the visitor services adequately. (1) If...

2013-07-01

45

Optimistic Incremental Specialization: Streamlining a Commercial Operating System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conventional operating system code is written to deal with all possible system stat es, and performs considerable inter- pretation to determine the current system state before tak- ing action. A consequence of this approach is that kernel calls which perform little actual work take a long time to execute. To address this problem, we use specialized oper- ating system code

Calton Pu; Tito Autrey; Andrew P. Black; Charles Consel; Crispin Cowan; Jon Inouye; Lakshmi Kethana; Jonathan Walpole; Ke Zhang

1995-01-01

46

Creating Operational Culture Skills Capability within Conventional Force Leaders.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph analyzes the Army's ability to implement operational culture skills to meet the intent of the vision set forth in the 2009 Army Culture and Foreign Language Strategy. First, the monograph reviews Army operations since Vietnam. this is used ...

M. D. Collins

2011-01-01

47

Initial operating capability for the hypercluster parallel-processing test bed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Lewis Research Center is investigating the benefits of parallel processing to applications in computational fluid and structural mechanics. To aid this investigation, NASA Lewis is developing the Hypercluster, a multi-architecture, parallel-processing test bed. The initial operating capability (IOC) being developed for the Hypercluster is described. The IOC will provide a user with a programming/operating environment that is interactive, responsive, and easy to use. The IOC effort includes the development of the Hypercluster Operating System (HYCLOPS). HYCLOPS runs in conjunction with a vendor-supplied disk operating system on a Front-End Processor (FEP) to provide interactive, run-time operations such as program loading, execution, memory editing, and data retrieval. Run-time libraries, that augment the FEP FORTRAN libraries, are being developed to support parallel and vector processing on the Hypercluster. Special utilities are being provided to enable passage of information about application programs and their mapping to the operating system. Communications between the FEP and the Hypercluster are being handled by dedicated processors, each running a Message-Passing Kernel, (MPK). A shared-memory interface allows rapid data exchange between HYCLOPS and the communications processors. Input/output handlers are built into the HYCLOPS-MPK interface, eliminating the need for the user to supply separate I/O support programs on the FEP.

Cole, Gary L.; Blech, Richard A.; Quealy, Angela

1989-01-01

48

Valve wheel rim force capabilities of process operators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The force that an operator is able to apply to a valve wheel depends on the location of the wheel relative to the operator, the orientation of the valve stem, the diameter of the wheel, and the quality of the interface between the wheel and the hands. The objectives of this study were three-fold. The first objective was to provide

D. A. Attwood; M. J. Nicolich; K. P. Doney; T. J. Smolar; E. E. Swensen

2002-01-01

49

76 FR 67425 - Availability of the Fiscal Year 2010 United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) Inventory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2010 United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) Inventory List of Contracts...AGENCY: United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM), Department of Defense...2010 United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) Inventory List of...

2011-11-01

50

48 CFR 1252.236-70 - Special precautions for work at operating airports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Special precautions for work at operating airports. 1252.236-70 Section 1252...Special precautions for work at operating airports. As prescribed in (TAR) 48 CFR...Special Precautions for Work at Operating Airports (OCT 1994) (a) When work is...

2013-10-01

51

48 CFR 3052.236-70 - Special precautions for work at operating airports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Special precautions for work at operating airports. 3052.236-70 Section 3052...Special precautions for work at operating airports. As prescribed in (HSAR) 48 CFR...Special Precautions for Work at Operating Airports (DEC 2003) (a) When work is...

2013-10-01

52

Evaluating the operations capability of Freedom's Data Management System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Three areas of Data Management System (DMS) performance are examined: raw processor speed, the subjective speed of the Lynx OS X-Window system, and the operational capacity of the Runtime Object Database (RODB). It is concluded that the proposed processor will operate at its specified rate of speed and that the X-Window system operates within users' subjective needs. It is also concluded that the RODB cannot provide the required level of service, even with a two-order of magnitude (100 fold) improvement in speed.

Sowizral, Henry A.

1990-01-01

53

Global Operations and Biometrics: Next Generation Capabilities and Policy Implications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper evaluates the current and future state of biometric modalities with application to national security operations on a global basis. The technical evaluations are compared for likelihood of significant breakthrough within the next five to ten yea...

D. W. Pendall

2013-01-01

54

Foundations of Effective Influence Operations: A Framework for Enhancing Army Capabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A good deal of attention presently is focused on how to improve the nation's capabilities to influence others. These capabilities include public diplomacy, strategic communications, information operations, and other means that can be used to influence att...

A. Richardson B. Nichiporuk D. Gibran E. V. Larson R. E. Darilek

2009-01-01

55

Implementing Strategic Planning Capabilities Within the Mars Relay Operations Service  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Since the Mars Exploration Rovers (MER), Spirit and Opportunity, began their travels across the Martian surface in January of 2004, orbiting spacecraft such as the Mars 2001 Odyssey orbiter have relayed the majority of their collected scientific and operational data to and from Earth. From the beginning of those missions, it was evident that using orbiters to relay data to and from the surface of Mars was a vastly more efficient communications strategy in terms of power consumption and bandwidth compared to direct-to-Earth means. However, the coordination between the various spacecraft, which are largely managed independently and on differing commanding timelines, has always proven to be a challenge. Until recently, the ground operators of all these spacecraft have coordinated the movement of data through this network using a collection of ad hoc human interfaces and various, independent software tools. The Mars Relay Operations Service (MaROS) has been developed to manage the evolving needs of the Mars relay network, and specifically to standardize and integrate the relay planning and coordination data into a centralized infrastructure. This paper explores the journey of developing the MaROS system, from inception to delivery and acceptance by the Mars mission users.

Hy, Franklin; Gladden, Roy; Allard, Dan; Wallick, Michael

2011-01-01

56

Implementing Strategic Planning Capabilities Within the Mars Relay Operations Service  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Throughout this development and deployment process we have followed a few guiding principles: (1) Ensure ubiquitous access through ReSTful and web interfaces; (2) Design a system that is mission and even planet agnostic so that future missions may be added with little hassle, and the system itself may be redeployed for other planetary relay networks; (3) Accept constant input and feedback between mission operators and the development team to ensure that there is a useful product that may be used for years to come.

Hy, Franklin

2011-01-01

57

14 CFR 93.177 - Operations in the Special Air Traffic Rule Area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Operations in the Special Air Traffic Rule Area. 93.177 Section 93...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES SPECIAL AIR TRAFFIC RULES Special Flight Rules in the...

2014-01-01

58

A Venus Rover Capable of Long Life Surface Operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Access to the surface of Venus would allow planetary scientists to address a number of currently open questions. Among these are the elemental and mineralogical composition of the surface; the interaction of the surface with the atmosphere; the atmospheric composition, especially isotope ratios of key species; the nature of the planetary volcanism (present activity, emissions to the atmosphere, and composition); planetary seismicity; the local surface meteorology (winds and pressure variability); and the surface geology and morphology at particular locations on the surface. A long lived Venus rover mission could be enabled by utilizing a novel Stirling engine system for both cooling and electric power. Previous missions to the Venus surface, including the Pioneer Venus and Venera missions, survived for only a few hours. The rover concept described in the present study is designed for a surface lifetime of 60 days, with the potential of operating well beyond that. A Thermo-Acoustic Stirling Heat Engine (TASHE) would convert the high-temperature (~1200 °C) heat from General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules into acoustic power which then drives a linear alternator and a pulse tube cooler to provide electric power and remove the large environmental heat load. The "cold" side of the engine would be furnished by the ambient atmosphere at 460 °C. This short study focused on the feasibility of using the TASHE system in this hostile environment to power a ~650 kg rover that would provide a mobile platform for science measurements. The instrument suite would collect data on atmospheric and surface composition, surface stratigraphy, and subsurface structure. An Earth-Venus-Venus trajectory would be used to deliver the rover to a low entry angle allowing an inflated ballute to provide a low deceleration and low heat descent to the surface. All rover systems would be housed in a pressure vessel in vacuum with the internal temperature maintained by the TASHE below 50 °C. No externally deployed or articulated components would be used and penetrations through the pressure vessel are minimized. Science data would be returned direct to Earth using S-Band to minimize atmospheric attenuation.

Evans, M.; Shirley, J. H.; Abelson, R. D.

2005-12-01

59

Telemanipulation - a special activity in remotely controlled operations  

SciTech Connect

Work to be done in areas hostile to humans needs special and careful preparation. If short-term entry is possible, groups of men can be trained to do the necessary work. If not, special devices have to be designed, built, and tested on mockups before the real work can be executed. Based on experience gained from maintenance in car production and test programs for a reprocessing facility, it was decided to train a special group of men to do remotely controlled work in hostile areas without endangering them and to use their personal experience as the basis for future work. This is the old-fashioned way of all professions. Some needs to be able to do that remotely controlled work with normally existing operational means and combinations of them like cranes, mechanical and electromechanical master slave manipulators (MMSMs and EMSMs), saws, files, hammer, tig-welding equipment, etc., in air as well as underwater. This paper discusses use of a remote operator manipulator (ROM), remote operator welder (ROW), a test of underwater work, and the repair of two activated jets pumps of a boiling water reactor BWR with a fueling machine, reactor crane, EMSM, and conventional tools.

Rose, K.W. (Nukem GmbH, Alzenau (Germany)); Andre, Y. (Assistance Nucleaire Societe Anonyme, Bouzonville (France))

1992-01-01

60

17 CFR 240.17Ad-21T - Operational capability in a Year 2000 environment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Operational capability in a Year 2000 environment. 240.17Ad-21T Section 240.17Ad-21T Commodity...240.17Ad-21T Operational capability in a Year 2000 environment. (a) This section applies to every registered...

2013-04-01

61

48 CFR 3036.570 - Special precautions for work at operating airports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Special precautions for work at operating airports. 3036.570 Section 3036.570...Special precautions for work at operating airports. Where any acquisition will require work at an operating airport, insert the clause at (HSAR)...

2013-10-01

62

48 CFR 1236.570 - Special precautions for work at operating airports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Special precautions for work at operating airports. 1236.570 Section 1236.570...Special precautions for work at operating airports. Where any acquisition will require work at an operating airport, insert the clause at (TAR) 48...

2013-10-01

63

PRE-AND POST-MINING LAND CAPABILITY ASSESSMENT AT QUINTETTE OPERATING CORPORATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pre- and post-mining land capability (productivity) assessment on an average-property-basis is a requirement of surface mine reclamation in British Columbia. At Quintette Operating Corporation, a capability assessment was completed in 1997. The results of the assessment showed that pre- and post-disturbance land capability comparisons for the Shikano\\/Plantsite and Mesa\\/Wolverine areas were similar. These results are favorable with respect to Quintette's

Clint R. Smyth; Kim Bittman

64

Special Operations Forces (SOF) technical analysis and evaluation  

SciTech Connect

In response to Task Order 001, Los Alamos National Laboratory Contract 9-L5H-1508P-1, Betac Corporation is pleased to provide ten quick-response, short-term analytical papers in support of Low Intensity Conflict (LIC) and Special Operations (SO). The papers are study methodologies which provide background, baseline, concepts, approaches, and recommendations in the mission areas identified in the Statement of Work. Although the Statement of Work specifies only nine papers, a tenth paper has been included addressing Command Relationships, since this subject affects all other topics and is of critical importance to USCINCSOC in establishing the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM). Each paper addresses the feasibility of further effort in each area of interest. The ten papers address: (1) mission support systems; (2) research, development, and acquisition; (3) headquarters equipment; (4) C3I architecture; (5) intelligence dissemination; (6) intelligence collection management; (7) intelligence support to SOF targeting; (8) joint mission area analysis (JMAA); (9) joint SOF master plan; and (10) command relationships.

NONE

1987-08-31

65

43 CFR 6304.11 - What special provisions apply to operations under the mining laws?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What special provisions apply to operations under the mining laws? 6304.11 Section 6304.11 Public...Addressed in Special Provisions of the Wilderness Act Mining Under the General Mining Laws § 6304.11 What special provisions...

2013-10-01

66

Wind Power Plant Capabilities - Operate Wind Farms like Conventional Power Plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integration of wind energy demands that wind power should offer conventional power plant capabilities. However, in order to define them it must be first examined the status of the operational grid requirements for wind energy as well as the technological solutions developed by manufacturers. This paper examines the requirements for wind power capabilities in the grid in Germany, Spain and

R. Pestana

2009-01-01

67

Army Aviation Intratheater Lift Operations and its Relevance and Capability to Support the Future Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The US Army's aviation force is undergoing major organizational and doctrinal employment changes in order to continue to be relevant and capable in the contemporary operational environment (COE) and to prepare to be effective on the battlefields of the fu...

A. P. Bolante

2005-01-01

68

Relationship between Database Systems and Operating System Capabilities. Stage One: The Survey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report examines the following seven data base management systems to determine relationships among their functional capabilities or features and their operating systems requirements: IDMS, BDMS, RIM, ADABAS, FRAMIS, PASCAL/R and INGRES. The capabilitie...

S. Sherman J. Werth

1982-01-01

69

Special issue on quantum physics with non-Hermitian operators Special issue on quantum physics with non-Hermitian operators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is a call for contributions to a special issue of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical dedicated to quantum physics with non-Hermitian operators. The main motivation behind this special issue is to gather together recent results, developments and open problems in this rapidly evolving field of research in a single comprehensive volume. We expect that such a special issue will become a valuable reference for the broad scientific community working in mathematical and theoretical physics. The issue will be open to all contributions containing new results on non-Hermitian theories which are explicitly PT-symmetric and/or pseudo-Hermitian or quasi-Hermitian. The main novelties in the past years in this area have been many experimental observations, realizations, and applications of PT symmetric Hamiltonians in optics and microwave cavities. We especially invite contributions on the theoretical interpretations of these recent PT-symmetric experiments and on theoretical proposals for new experiments. Editorial policy The Guest Editors for this issue are Carl Bender, Andreas Fring, Uwe Guenther and Hugh Jones. The areas and topics for this issue include, but are not limited to: spectral problems novel properties of complex optical potentials PT-symmetry related threshold lasers and spectral singularities construction of metric operators scattering theory supersymmetric theories Lie algebraic and Krein-space methods random matrix models classical and semi-classical models exceptional points in model systems operator theoretic approaches microwave cavities aspects of integrability and exact solvability field theories with indefinite metric All contributions will be refereed and processed according to the usual procedure of the journal. Papers should report original and significant research that has not already been published. Guidelines for preparation of contributions The deadline for contributed papers will be 31 March 2012. This deadline will allow the special issue to appear before the end of November 2012. There is a nominal page limit of 15 printed pages per contribution (invited review papers can be longer). For papers exceeding this limit, the Guest Editors reserve the right to request a reduction in length. Further advice on publishing your work in Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical may be found at iopscience.iop.org/jphysa. Contributions to the special issue should be submitted by web upload via authors.iop.org, or by email to jphysa@iop.org, quoting 'JPhysA Special issue on quantum physics with non-Hermitian operators'. Submissions should ideally be in standard LaTeX form. Please see the website for further information on electronic submissions. All contributions should be accompanied by a read-me file or covering letter giving the postal and e-mail addresses for correspondence. The Publishing Office should be notified of any subsequent change of address. The special issue will be published in the print and online versions of the journal.

Bender, Carl M.; Fring, Andreas; Guenther, Uwe; Jones, Hugh F.

2012-01-01

70

Special issue on quantum physics with non-Hermitian operators Special issue on quantum physics with non-Hermitian operators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is a call for contributions to a special issue of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical dedicated to quantum physics with non-Hermitian operators. The main motivation behind this special issue is to gather together recent results, developments and open problems in this rapidly evolving field of research in a single comprehensive volume. We expect that such a special issue will become a valuable reference for the broad scientific community working in mathematical and theoretical physics. The issue will be open to all contributions containing new results on non-Hermitian theories which are explicitly PT-symmetric and/or pseudo-Hermitian or quasi-Hermitian. The main novelties in the past years in this area have been many experimental observations, realizations, and applications of PT symmetric Hamiltonians in optics and microwave cavities. We especially invite contributions on the theoretical interpretations of these recent PT-symmetric experiments and on theoretical proposals for new experiments. Editorial policy The Guest Editors for this issue are Carl Bender, Andreas Fring, Uwe Guenther and Hugh Jones. The areas and topics for this issue include, but are not limited to: spectral problems novel properties of complex optical potentials PT-symmetry related threshold lasers and spectral singularities construction of metric operators scattering theory supersymmetric theories Lie algebraic and Krein-space methods random matrix models classical and semi-classical models exceptional points in model systems operator theoretic approaches microwave cavities aspects of integrability and exact solvability field theories with indefinite metric All contributions will be refereed and processed according to the usual procedure of the journal. Papers should report original and significant research that has not already been published. Guidelines for preparation of contributions The deadline for contributed papers will be 31 March 2012. This deadline will allow the special issue to appear before the end of November 2012. There is a nominal page limit of 15 printed pages per contribution (invited review papers can be longer). For papers exceeding this limit, the Guest Editors reserve the right to request a reduction in length. Further advice on publishing your work in Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical may be found at iopscience.iop.org/jphysa. Contributions to the special issue should be submitted by web upload via authors.iop.org/, or by email to jphysa@iop.org, quoting 'JPhysA Special issue on quantum physics with non-Hermitian operators'. Submissions should ideally be in standard LaTeX form. Please see the website for further information on electronic submissions. All contributions should be accompanied by a read-me file or covering letter giving the postal and e-mail addresses for correspondence. The Publishing Office should be notified of any subsequent change of address. The special issue will be published in the print and online versions of the journal.

Bender, Carl M.; Fring, Andreas; Guenther, Uwe; Jones, Hugh F.

2012-01-01

71

14 CFR Appendix A to Part 136 - Special Operating Rules for Air Tour Operators in the State of Hawaii  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Special Operating Rules for Air Tour Operators in the State of Hawaii ...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION...CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS COMMERCIAL AIR TOURS AND NATIONAL PARKS AIR TOUR...

2014-01-01

72

30 CFR 903.823 - Special performance standards-Operations on prime farmland.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE ARIZONA § 903.823 Special performance standardsâOperations on prime farmland. Part 823 of this chapter, Special...

2013-07-01

73

76 FR 66051 - Availability of the Fiscal Year 2010 United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) Inventory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Availability of the Fiscal Year 2010 United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) Inventory List of Contracts for Services AGENCY: United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM), Department of Defense (DoD). ACTION: Notice of...

2011-10-25

74

77 FR 38274 - Availability of the Fiscal Year 2011 United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) Inventory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Availability of the Fiscal Year 2011 United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) Inventory List of Contracts for Services AGENCY: United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM), Department of Defense (DoD). ACTION: Notice of...

2012-06-27

75

33 CFR 160.111 - Special orders applying to vessel operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Special orders applying to vessel...Operations § 160.111 Special orders applying to vessel operations. Each District Commander or Captain of...directed when: (a) The District Commander or Captain...

2013-07-01

76

Special Operations II. Joint Center for Lessons Learned Quarterly Bulletin. Volume 5, Issue 4, September 2003.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This issue of the Joint Center for Lessons Learned (JCLL) Bulletin continues on the theme of special operations (SO) begun in the March 2003 JCLL Bulletin (Volume V Issue 2). The Special Operations Command Joint Forces Command (SOCJFCOM) provided several ...

2003-01-01

77

14 CFR 121.355 - Equipment for operations on which specialized means of navigation are used.  

...operations on which specialized means of navigation are used. 121.355 Section 121...operations on which specialized means of navigation are used. (a) No certificate holder...Using Doppler Radar or an Inertial Navigation System outside the 48 contiguous...

2014-01-01

78

Journal of Special Operations Medicine. Volume 9, Edition 1, Winter 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Journal of Special Operations Medicine (JSOM) is an authorized official military quarterly publication of the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM), MacDill Air Force Base, Florida. Our mission is to promote the professional development o...

M. D. Landers W. D. Farr

2009-01-01

79

Journal of Special Operations Medicine. Volume 11, Edition 1, Winter 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Journal of Special Operations Medicine's (JSOM) mission is to promote the professional development of Special Operations and TEMS medical personnel by providing a forum for the examination of the latest advancements in medicine and the history of unco...

M. D. Landers V. T. Deal

2011-01-01

80

Underwater application of nasal decongestants: method for special operations.  

PubMed

A simple method of emergency underwater application of a nasal decongestant in divers to prevent diving-related accidents or even fatalities attributable to sequelae of middle-ear and sinus barotrauma of ascent was evaluated. Eleven military divers had to inject 1 mL of 0.02% methylene blue into a central venous catheter after having inserted the tip between their upper lip and the mask at 1 m depth in a pool. After injection, the head had to be reclined. Blue liquid flowing from a diver's nostril and a "bitter" taste sensation reported immediately after surfacing indicated successful application. All divers were observed to have had blue liquid flowing from the nostril of application, and one diver could not describe the taste. This method of underwater application of nasal decongestants may be useful for emergency prevention in divers, especially during covert operations. Underwater availability of the system in a special kit carried by divers would be required. PMID:11143432

Mutzbauer, T S; Mueller, P H; Sigg, O; Tetzlaff, K; Neubauer, B

2000-11-01

81

Examining the Influence of Operational Intellectual Capital on Capabilities and Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managers have long been challenged by an abundance of internal and external demands and uncertainties in their operating environments. Anecdotal evidence and a growing number of research studies have advocated process flexibility and product innovation as organization-level operating capabilities critical for responding to such demands and uncertainties, and have highlighted the need for more efficient and effective management of the

Larry J. Menor; M. Murat Kristal; Eve D. Rosenzweig

2007-01-01

82

Primer for Charter School Operators: Special Education Requirements and Including Students with Disabilities in Charter Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this document is to provide operators with implementation and operational technical assistance related to special education in charter schools. Special education is a very complicated component of public education and providing operators with technical assistance regarding special education is particularly challenging. This primer…

Warren, Sandra Hopfengardner; Ahearn, Eileen M.; Giovannetti, Elizabeth A.; Lange, Cheryl M.; Rhim, Lauren Morando

2004-01-01

83

High power Yb-doped fiber laser operates at special wavelength  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Yb-doped fiber lasers (YDFL) have been one of the most widely studied project in last 10 years due to its capability in high power output with excellent beam quality. The optical properties of Yb3+ ions in silica glass allow lasing over wide spectral range from 0.98 to 1.2 ?m. Up to now, most of the researches focus on YDFL lasing at 1.06-1.12?m, which is most common wavelength band. Actually YFDL operates at other special wavelength bands (i.e., 1.17?m or 1.02?m) are widely required in many application fields. In this paper, we will reports the recent research results of high power YDFL operates at special wavelength. By using Yb3+-doped double-clad silicate fiber as the gain medium and commercial pigtailed laser diode as the pump source, we have demonstrated (1) an allfiberizied YDFL operates at 1.12?m, a record output power of 178 W is obtained, the power is further boosted to be 309 W by using one stage of fiber amplifier (2) an all-fiberizied YDFL operates at 1.173 ?m, a record output power of 15.7 W is obtained when the pump power is 28 W. (3) an all-fiberizied YDFL operates at 1.018 ?m, a record output power of 309 W is obtained when the pump power is 435 W.

Zhang, Hanwei; Jiang, Man; Xiao, Hu; Wang, Xiaolin; Zhou, Pu; Liu, Zejin

2013-09-01

84

SPECIAL ANALYSIS OF OPERATIONAL STORMWATER RUNOFF COVERS OVER SLIT TRENCHES  

SciTech Connect

Solid Waste Management (SWM) commissioned this Special Analysis (SA) to determine the effects of placing operational stormwater runoff covers (referred to as covers in the remainder of this document) over slit trench (ST) disposal units ST1 through ST7 (the center set of slit trenches). Previously the United States Department of Energy (DOE) entered into an agreement with the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) to place covers over Slit Trenches 1 and 2 to be able to continue disposing Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) solid waste (see USDOE 2008). Because the covers changed the operating conditions, DOE Order 435.1 (DOE 1999) required that an SA be performed to assess the impact. This Special Analysis has been prepared to determine the effects of placing covers over slit trenches at about years 5, 10 and 15 of the 30-year operational period. Because some slit trenches have already been operational for about 15 years, results from analyzing covers at 5 years and 10 years provide trend analysis information only. This SA also examined alternatives of covering Slit Trenches 1 and 2 with one cover and Slit Trenches 3 and 4 with a second cover versus covering them all with a single cover. Based on modeling results, minimal differences exist between covering Slit Trench groups 1-2 and 3-4 with two covers or one large cover. This SA demonstrates that placement of covers over slit trenches will slow the subsequent release and transport of radionuclides in the vadose zone in the early time periods (from time of placement until about 100 years). Release and transport of some radionuclides in the vadose zone beyond 100 years were somewhat higher than for the case without covers. The sums-of-fractions (SOFs) were examined for the current waste inventory in ST1 and ST2 and for estimated inventories at closure for ST3 through ST7. In all cases SOFs were less than one (except for one SOF for ST5 that remained at one), indicating that there should be no unacceptable impacts on operations from placing covers for the cover alternatives that were analyzed. Minimal operational limits provided in Table 4 should be used as the new set of limits for Slit Trenches 1 through 7. ST1 and ST2 are expected to be covered about 15 years after the first disposal in ST1. Because the time of actual placement of covers over the other slit trenches is unknown, this SA did not consider limit increases, only limit decreases. Thus, each minimal operational limit is the minimum of the Performance Assessment (PA) final limit and the limit calculated in this SA if covers were placed at about 5, 10 or 15 years. If other cover times are desired, further analysis will be required.

Collard, L; Luther Hamm, L

2008-12-18

85

The National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System:Capabilities for Operational Land Remote Sensing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last decade, the tri-agency Integrated Program Office (IPO), comprised of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the Department of Defense (DoD), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), has been managing the development of the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS). Once operational later this decade, NPOESS will replace NOAA's Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites (POES)

C. W. Hoffman; S. Schneider; R. Murphy

2005-01-01

86

IN-SITU XRD OF OPERATING LSFC CATHODES: DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW ANALYTICAL CAPABILITY  

SciTech Connect

A solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) research capability has been developed that facilitates measuring the electrochemical performance of an operating SOFC while simultaneously performing x-ray diffraction on its cathode. The evolution of this research tool’s development is discussed together with a description of the instrumentation used for in-situ x-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements of operating SOFC cathodes. The challenges that were overcome in the process of developing this capability, which included seals and cathode current collectors, are described together with the solutions that are presently being applied to mitigate them.

Hardy, John S.; Templeton, Jared W.; Stevenson, Jeffry W.

2012-11-19

87

A report on training equipment enhancements for the U.S. Special Operations Command  

SciTech Connect

Training support systems - including devices, simulators and simulations - significantly improve training. Of course this is important for all military units. But for Special Operations Forces, such improvements are critical. Special Operations Forces must be prepared to operate in the most difficult, least forgiving of environments and do it right on the first try. The objective of this project is to report on the latest state-of-the-art training devices and systems which can enhance the training of Special Operations Forces.

NONE

1996-04-01

88

Entirely passive heat-pipe apparatus capable of operating against gravity  

DOEpatents

The disclosure is directed to an entirely passive heat pipe apparatus capable of operating against gravity for vertical distances in the order of 3 to 7 and more. A return conduit into which an inert gas is introduced is used to lower the specific density of the working fluid so that it may be returned a greater vertical distance from condenser to evaporator.

Koenig, D.R.

1981-02-11

89

PLA At Home and Abroad: Assessing the Operational Capabilities of China's Military.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

More than 70 leading experts on the People's Liberation Army (PLA) gathered at Carlisle Barracks, PA, on September 25-27, 2009, for a discussion on 'The PLA at Home and Abroad: Assessing the Operational Capabilities of China's Military.' Participants soug...

D. Alderman

2010-01-01

90

U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF): Background and Issues for Congress. Updated August 15, 2003.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Special Operations Forces (SOF) play a significant role in U.S. military operations. The Administration has given U.S. SOF forces greater responsibility for planning and directing worldwide counterterrorism operations. The Administration's proposed FY2004...

A. Feickert

2003-01-01

91

U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF): Background and Issues for Congress (Updated May 16, 2006).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Special Operations Forces (SOF) play a significant role in U.S. military operations and the Administration has given U.S. SOF greater responsibility for planning and conducting worldwide counterterrorism operations. Potential increased SOF involvement in ...

A. Feickert

2008-01-01

92

U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF): Background and Issues for Congress. Updated September 28, 2004.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Special Operations Forces (SOF) play a significant role in U.S. military operations and the Administration has given U.S. SOF forces greater responsibility for planning and conducting worldwide counterterrorism operations. The 9/11 Commission's recommenda...

A. Feickert

2004-01-01

93

U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF): Background and Issues for Congress. (Updated January 16, 2009).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Special Operations Forces (SOF) play a significant role in U.S. military operations and the Administration has given U.S. SOF greater responsibility for planning and conducting worldwide counterterrorism operations. The progress of mandated SOF growth, po...

A. Feickert

2009-01-01

94

U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF): Background and Issues for Congress. Updated June 9, 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Special Operations Forces (SOF) play a significant role in U.S. military operations and the Administration has given U.S. SOF forces greater responsibility for planning and conducting worldwide counterterrorism operations. The Department of Defense (DoD) ...

A. Feickert

2005-01-01

95

U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF): Background and Issues for Congress. Updated February 9, 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Special Operations Forces (SOF) play a significant role in U.S. military operations and the Administration has given U.S. SOF forces greater responsibility for planning and conducting worldwide counterterrorism operations. Despite a recommendation from th...

A. Feickert

2005-01-01

96

Evolving Requirements of the Canadian Special Operations Forces: A Future Concept Paper.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Colonel Paul Taillon's paper suggests new directions for Canadian Special Operations Forces (CANSOF), propelled mainly by the demands of the international environment since the September 11, 2001 attack in New York City. This is of special interest as Can...

J. P. Taillon

2005-01-01

97

14 CFR Special Federal Aviation... - Special Operating Rules for the Conduct of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) Area Navigation (RNAV...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Operations using Global Positioning Systems (GPS) in Alaska Federal Special Federal...Operations using Global Positioning Systems (GPS) in Alaska Those persons identified... a. This SFAR permits TSO C145a/C146a GPS (RNAV) systems to be used for IFR...

2010-01-01

98

14 CFR Special Federal Aviation... - Special Operating Rules for the Conduct of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) Area Navigation (RNAV...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Operations using Global Positioning Systems (GPS) in Alaska Federal Special Federal...Operations using Global Positioning Systems (GPS) in Alaska Those persons identified... a. This SFAR permits TSO C145a/C146a GPS (RNAV) systems to be used for IFR...

2009-01-01

99

Overview of the Small Aircraft Transportation System Project Four Enabling Operating Capabilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It has become evident that our commercial air transportation system is reaching its peak in terms of capacity, with numerous delays in the system and the demand still steadily increasing. NASA, FAA, and the National Consortium for Aviation Mobility (NCAM) have partnered to aid in increasing the mobility throughout the United States through the Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS) project. The SATS project has been a five-year effort to provide the technical and economic basis for further national investment and policy decisions to support a small aircraft transportation system. The SATS vision is to enable people and goods to have the convenience of on-demand point-to-point travel, anywhere, anytime for both personal and business travel. This vision can be obtained by expanding near all-weather access to more than 3,400 small community airports that are currently under-utilized throughout the United States. SATS has focused its efforts on four key operating capabilities that have addressed new emerging technologies, procedures, and concepts to pave the way for small aircraft to operate in nearly all weather conditions at virtually any runway in the United States. These four key operating capabilities are: Higher Volume Operations at Non-Towered/Non-Radar Airports, En Route Procedures and Systems for Integrated Fleet Operations, Lower Landing Minimums at Minimally Equipped Landing Facilities, and Increased Single Pilot Performance. The SATS project culminated with the 2005 SATS Public Demonstration in Danville, Virginia on June 5th-7th, by showcasing the accomplishments achieved throughout the project and demonstrating that a small aircraft transportation system could be viable. The technologies, procedures, and concepts were successfully demonstrated to show that they were safe, effective, and affordable for small aircraft in near all weather conditions. The focus of this paper is to provide an overview of the technical and operational feasibility of the four operating capabilities, and explain how they can enable a small aircraft transportation system.

Viken, Sally A.; Brooks, Frederick M.; Johnson, Sally C.

2005-01-01

100

Technical Requirements Analysis and Control Systems (TRACS) Initial Operating Capability (IOC) documentation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Technical Requirements Analysis and Control Systems (TRACS) software package is described. TRACS offers supplemental tools for the analysis, control, and interchange of project requirements. This package provides the fundamental capability to analyze and control requirements, serves a focal point for project requirements, and integrates a system that supports efficient and consistent operations. TRACS uses relational data base technology (ORACLE) in a stand alone or in a distributed environment that can be used to coordinate the activities required to support a project through its entire life cycle. TRACS uses a set of keyword and mouse driven screens (HyperCard) which imposes adherence through a controlled user interface. The user interface provides an interactive capability to interrogate the data base and to display or print project requirement information. TRACS has a limited report capability, but can be extended with PostScript conventions.

Hammond, Dana P.

1991-01-01

101

HANDBOOK OF OPERATION FOR THE SPECIAL SCHOOL DISTRICT OF ST. LOUIS COUNTY, MISSOURI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A SPECIAL SCHOOL DISTRICT CREATED IN 1957 SERVES THE 25 SCHOOL DISTRICTS IN ST. LOUIS COUNTY. THE PHILOSOPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVE POLICIES OF THE DISTRICT ARE PRESENTED. A DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL SERVICES SERVES CHILDREN IN SPECIAL CLASSES IN THE SPECIAL SCHOOL DISTRICT AND POTENTIAL CANDIDATES FOR CLASSES, AND ALSO OPERATES A PROGRAM…

Saint Louis County Special School District Board of Education, Rock Hill, MO.

102

Expanded operational capabilities of the Langley Mach 7 Scramjet test facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An experimental research program conducted to expand the operational capabilities of the NASA Langley Mach 7 Scramjet Test Facility is described. Previous scramjet testing in this facility was limited to a single simulated flight condition of Mach 6.9 at an altitude of 115,300 ft. The arc heater research demonstrates the potential of the facility for scramjet testing at simulated flight conditions from Mach 4 (at altitudes from 77,000 to 114,000 ft) to Mach 7 (at latitudes from 108,000 to 149,000 ft). Arc heater electrical characteristics, operational problems, measurements of nitrogen oxide contaminants, and total-temperature profiles are discussed.

Thomas, S. R.; Guy, R. W.

1983-01-01

103

Building a computer-aided design capability using a standard time share operating system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper describes how an integrated system of engineering computer programs can be built using a standard commercially available operating system. The discussion opens with an outline of the auxiliary functions that an operating system can perform for a team of engineers involved in a large and complex task. An example of a specific integrated system is provided to explain how the standard operating system features can be used to organize the programs into a simple and inexpensive but effective system. Applications to an aircraft structural design study are discussed to illustrate the use of an integrated system as a flexible and efficient engineering tool. The discussion concludes with an engineer's assessment of an operating system's capabilities and desirable improvements.

Sobieszczanski, J.

1975-01-01

104

Journal of Special Operations Medicine, Volume 3, Edition 3.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Greetings again from your HQ/USSOCOM. As we move into the summer months we still find ourselves in awe and in full support of our special ops forces in the fields and towns of Afghanistan, Iraq, and elsewhere in the world (150 countries so far this year)....

D. L. Hammer M. D. DuGuay

2003-01-01

105

30 CFR 903.822 - Special performance standards-Operations in alluvial valley floors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE ARIZONA § 903.822 Special performance standardsâOperations in alluvial valley floors. Part 822 of this chapter,...

2013-07-01

106

14 CFR Special Federal Aviation... - Mitsubishi MU-2B Series Special Training, Experience, and Operating Requirements  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Markings G. Flight Characteristics 1. Control System 2...3. Single Engine Operation...Placards E. Flight Characteristics 1. Control Systems ...3. Single Engine Operation...6) Slow Flight Maneuvers. (7) One Engine Inoperative...Directional Control....

2014-01-01

107

17 CFR 210.3-14 - Special instructions for real estate operations to be acquired.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Special instructions for real estate operations to be acquired. 210.3-14 Section...Statements § 210.3-14 Special instructions for real estate operations to be acquired. (a) If,...

2013-04-01

108

The Next Generation Special Sensor Ultraviolet Limb Imager (SSULI+) for Operational Defense Space Weather Monitoring and Forecasting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Special Sensor Ultraviolet Limb Imager (SSULI) sensors aboard the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) Block-5D3 satellites have successfully demonstrated both space weather sensing of the thermosphere and ionosphere and the high impact potential of UV remote sensing upon global assimilative operational ionosphere and thermosphere models. NRL is currently developing next-generation SSULI+ space weather sensors to maintain operational space weather sensing capability beyond the DMSP program. Applying recent technological innovations to update the proven heritage design provides SSULI+ with 10X higher effective sensitivity, robust rejection of environmental ion noise, and added measurement capability while reducing size, weight, and power requirements. We present data product improvements expected for the new SSULI+ sensor design and discuss the positive impact upon operational applications.

Nicholas, A. C.; Budzien, S. A.; Dymond, K.; Coker, C.; Chua, D. H.; Walker, P. W.

2013-05-01

109

The Next Generation Special Sensor Ultraviolet Limb Imager (SSULI+) for Operational Defense Space Weather Monitoring and Forecasting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Special Sensor Ultraviolet Limb Imager (SSULI) sensors aboard the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) Block-5D3 satellites have successfully demonstrated both space weather sensing of the thermosphere and ionosphere and the high impact potential of UV remote sensing upon global assimilative operational ionosphere and thermosphere models. NRL is currently developing next-generation SSULI+ space weather sensors to maintain operational space weather sensing capability beyond the DMSP program. Applying recent technological innovations to update the proven heritage design provides SSULI+ with 10X higher sensitivity, robust rejection of environmental ion noise, and added measurement capability while reducing size, weight, and power requirements. We present data product improvements expected for the new SSULI+ sensor design and discuss the positive impact upon operational applications.

Budzien, S. A.; Nicholas, A. C.; Coker, C.; Dymond, K.; Chua, D. H.; Walker, P. W.

2012-12-01

110

30 CFR 710.12 - Special exemption for small operators.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...surface and underground coal mining operations of...month was an amount of coal which when multiplied...substantial change due to the death of an owner. (d...numbers of the surface coal mining operations for...circulation in the area of each mine for which an exemption...

2013-07-01

111

Acoustic facilities for human factors research at NASA Langley Research Center: Description and operational capabilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A number of facilities were developed which provide a unique test capability for psychoacoustics and related human factors research. The design philosophy, physical layouts, dimensions, construction features, operating capabilities, and example applications for these facilities are described. In the exterior effects room, human subjects are exposed to the types of noises that are experienced outdoors, and in the interior effects room, subjects are exposed to the types of noises and noise-induced vibrations that are experience indoors. Subjects are also exposed to noises in an echo-free environment in the anechoic listening room. An aircraft noise synthesis system, which simulates aircraft flyover noise at an observer position on the ground, is used in conjunction with these three rooms. The passenger ride quality apparatus, a device for studying passenger response to noise and vibration in aircraft, or in other vehicles, is described.

Hubbard, H. H.; Powell, C. A.

1981-01-01

112

SSA Building Blocks - Transforming Your Data and Applications into Operational Capability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Electronic System Center's 850 Electronic Systems Group (ELSG) is currently using a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) to rapidly create net-centric experimental prototypes. This SOA has been utilized effectively across diverse mission areas, such as global air operations and rapid sensor tasking for improved space event management. The 850 ELSG has deployed a working, accredited, SOA on the SIPRNET and provided real-time space information to five separate distributed operations centers. The 850 ELSG has learned first-hand the power of SOAs for integrating DoD and non-DoD SSA data in a rapid and agile manner, allowing capabilities to be fielded and sensors to be integrated in weeks instead of months. This opens a world of opportunity to integrate University data and experimental or proof-of-concept data with sensitive sensors and sources to support developing an array of SSA products for approved users in and outside of the space community. This paper will identify how new capabilities can be proactively developed to rapidly answer critical needs when SOA methodologies are employed and identifies the operational utility and the far-reaching benefits realized by implementing a service-oriented architecture. We offer a new paradigm for how data and application producer's contributions are presented for the rest of the community to leverage.

Buell, D.; Hawthorne, Shayn, L.; Higgins, J.

113

History of POIC Capabilities and Limitations to Conduct International Space Station Payload Operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Payload science operations on the International Space Station (ISS) have been conducted continuously twenty-four hours per day, 365 days a year beginning February, 2001 and continuing through present day. The Payload Operations Integration Center (POIC), located at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, has been a leader in integrating and managing NASA distributed payload operations. The ability to conduct science operations is a delicate balance of crew time, onboard vehicle resources, hardware up-mass to the vehicle, and ground based flight control team manpower. Over the span of the last ten years, the POIC flight control team size, function, and structure has been modified several times commensurate with the capabilities and limitations of the ISS program. As the ISS vehicle has been expanded and its systems changed throughout the assembly process, the resources available to conduct science and research have also changed. Likewise, as ISS program financial resources have demanded more efficiency from organizations across the program, utilization organizations have also had to adjust their functionality and structure to adapt accordingly. The POIC has responded to these often difficult challenges by adapting our team concept to maximize science research return within the utilization allocations and vehicle limitations that existed at the time. In some cases, the ISS and systems limitations became the limiting factor in conducting science. In other cases, the POIC structure and flight control team size were the limiting factors, so other constraints had to be put into place to assure successful science operations within the capabilities of the POIC. This paper will present the POIC flight control team organizational changes responding to significant events of the ISS and Shuttle programs.

Grimaldi, Rebecca; Horvath, Tim; Morris, Denise; Willis, Emily; Stacy, Lamar; Shell, Mike; Faust, Mark; Norwood, Jason

2011-01-01

114

17 CFR 240.15b7-3T - Operational capability in a Year 2000 environment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Operational capability in a Year 2000 environment. 240.15b7-3T Section 240.15b7-3T Commodity...240.15b7-3T Operational capability in a Year 2000 environment. (a) This section applies to every broker or...

2013-04-01

115

NATO Special Operations Forces Medical Engagements and Partnering Course: Initial Curriculum Recommendations from the NSHQ SOFMEP Committee.  

PubMed

Military partnering operations and military engagements with host nation civil infrastructure are fundamental missions for NATO Special Operations Forces (SOF) conducting military assistance operations. Unit medical advisors are frequently called upon to support partnering operations and execute medical engagements with host nation health systems. As a primary point of NATO SOF medical capability development and coordination, the NATO Special Operations Headquarters (NSHQ) sought to create a practical training opportunity in which medical advisors are taught how to prepare for, plan, and execute these complex military assistance operations. An international committee of SOF medical advisors, planners and teachers was assembled to research and develop the curriculum for the first NSHQ SOF Medical Engagement and Partnering (SOFMEP) course. The committee found no other venues offering the necessary training. Furthermore, a lack of a common operating language and inadequate outcome metrics were identified as sources of knowledge deficits that create confusion and inhibit process improvement. These findings provided the foundation of this committee?s curricular recommendations. The committee constructed operational definitions to improve understanding and promote dialogue between medical advisors and commanders. Active learning principles were used to construct a curriculum that engages learners and enhances retention of new material. This article presents the initial curriculum recommendations for the SOFMEP course, which is currently scheduled for October 2012. PMID:22707022

Alderman, Shawn M; Arvidsson, C Jimmy; Boedecker, Ben H; Durck, Craig H; Ferguson, Jason L; Harreld, Chad E; House, John H; Irizarry, Daniel J; Oshiki, Michael S; Sanchack, Kristian E; Torres, John E

2012-01-01

116

Unattended mode operation of specialized NDA (nondestructive assay) systems  

SciTech Connect

Nondestructive assay systems have been developed to allow data acquisition equipment to operate unattended in an automated mixed oxide facility, reducing inspector time in a facility and giving them time for other activities. Fewer inspector visits mean less impact on plant operators. Neutron detectors are located at key measurement points in the facility. Near each detector is located an electronics cabinet, which contains two JSR-11 shift registers, two COMPAQ Portable III computers, and a printer. The signal from the detector is split and sent to each shift register for redundancy and reliability. The software for unattended operation consists primarily of two programs, COLLECT and REVIEW. The COLLECT program runs on the computers in unattended operation; shift-register data are acquired each 60 s. The COLLECT program distinguishes between a normal background and a disconnected signal, between material moving near the detector and material in the detector, and whether the material in the detector is a sample or a californium normalization source. Depending on the type of assay, different data are stored on the hard disk. During an inspection, the inspector stops the current measurement campaign, examines the data from both computers briefly at the electronics cabinet, copies the campaign data to floppy disk, and starts another measurement campaign. These data are examined later in another location using the REVIEW program running on high performance microcomputers: a COMPAQ DeskPro 386/20 or equivalent. The REVIEW program uses graphical displays to enable the inspector to quickly search through the massive amounts of accumulated data to learn when samples were measured. Data from the desired measurements are then transferred to the International Atomic Energy Agency high-level neutron coincidence program for further analysis. 3 refs., 7 figs.

Klosterbuer, S.F.; Kern, E.A.; Painter, J.A.; Takahashi, S.

1989-01-01

117

IEP (Individualized Educational Program) Co-operation between Optimal Support of Students with Special Needs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A key aspect of the optimal support of students with special needs is co-ordination and co-operation between school, home and specialized agencies. Communication between these entities is of prime importance and can be facilitated through the use of a support system implementing ICF guidelines as outlined. This communication system can be considered to be a preventative rather than allopathic support.

Ogoshi, Yasuhiro; Nakai, Akio; Ogoshi, Sakiko; Mitsuhashi, Yoshinori; Araki, Chikahiro

118

SPETSNAZ (Spetsial'noye Naznacheniye): The Soviet Union's Special Operations Forces.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Soviet special operations forces or SPETSNAZ (spetsial'noye naznacheniye) are often misidentified, commonly attributed with performing 'super-human' endeavors, and are usually referred to in exaggerated numbers. Many of their political activities, which c...

S. S. Beitler

1985-01-01

119

Concept for the Strategic Use of Special Operations Forces in the 1990's and Beyond.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the geopolitical future, Special Operations Forces (SOF) can play an essential role in achieving U.S. national strategic objectives. The world situation today, which is characterized by instability, the roll back of communism, and the growth of plurali...

W. J. Flavin

1991-01-01

120

Reviewing the Role of Mobile Learning Technology in Special Operations Forces Language Learning Contexts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes current trends, best practices, uses, and potential options suitable for the use of Mobile Learning Technology (MLT) in Special Operations Forces (SOF) language training contexts. In this report, we define MLT has any type of smart d...

2013-01-01

121

The Willard L. Eccles Observatory: Commissioning and Development of Remote Operation Capabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The University of Utah completed construction of the Willard L. Eccles Observatory located on Frisco Peak near Milford, UT in October 2009. The observatory site is located on a prominent peak at an altitude of approximately 9600 feet in a region with minimal light pollution. The Frisco Peak site was chosen after careful consideration of many factors including climate, light pollution and available infrastructure. The facility houses a 32" telescope manufactured by DFM Engineering of Longmont, CO. Further development of remote operation capabilities is currently being undertaken. Monitoring of the weather and seeing conditions are being performed and confirm the excellent nature of the site for astronomical observations. The observatory facilities will be used for educational and public outreach activities as well as research projects. A description of the facility and its planned use will be provided.

Springer, Wayne; Dawson, Kyle; Gondolo, Paolo; Ricketts, Paul; Ramsrud, Nicolas; Samarasingha, Upul

2011-03-01

122

Enhanced methods for determining operational capabilities and support costs of proposed space systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report documents the work accomplished during the first two years of research to provide support to NASA in predicting operational and support parameters and costs of proposed space systems. The first year's research developed a methodology for deriving reliability and maintainability (R & M) parameters based upon the use of regression analysis to establish empirical relationships between performance and design specifications and corresponding mean times of failure and repair. The second year focused on enhancements to the methodology, increased scope of the model, and software improvements. This follow-on effort expands the prediction of R & M parameters and their effect on the operations and support of space transportation vehicles to include other system components such as booster rockets and external fuel tanks. It also increases the scope of the methodology and the capabilities of the model as implemented by the software. The focus is on the failure and repair of major subsystems and their impact on vehicle reliability, turn times, maintenance manpower, and repairable spares requirements. The report documents the data utilized in this study, outlines the general methodology for estimating and relating R&M parameters, presents the analyses and results of application to the initial data base, and describes the implementation of the methodology through the use of a computer model. The report concludes with a discussion on validation and a summary of the research findings and results.

Ebeling, Charles

1993-01-01

123

Performance Characterization of a Novel Plasma Thruster to Provide a Revolutionary Operationally Responsive Space Capability with Micro- and Nano- Satellites.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Few options currently exist to provide propulsion for extremely small satellites due to design constraints on power, volume, and weight. However, future operation will require a capability to conduct orbital maneuvers, momentum dumping, and precision poin...

J. C. De la Harpe

2011-01-01

124

Primer for Charter School Operators: Special Education Requirements and Including Students with Disabilities in Charter Schools. Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this document is to provide operators with implementation and operational technical assistance related to special education in charter schools. Special education is a very complicated component of public education and providing operators with technical assistance regarding special education is particularly challenging. This primer…

Warren, Sandra Hopfengardner; Ahearn, Eileen M.; Giovannetti, Elizabeth A.; Lange, Cheryl M.; Rhim, Lauren Morando

2008-01-01

125

14 CFR Special Federal Aviation... - Air Traffic Control System Emergency Operation  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Air Traffic Control System Emergency Operation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES GENERAL...Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 60âAir Traffic Control System Emergency...

2014-01-01

126

An intra-operative positron probe with background rejection capability for FDG-guided surgery.  

PubMed

For radio-guided surgery on tumors using F-18-FDG, detection of annihilation gamma photons emanating from other parts of the body produces background radiation counts and limits its use in clinical situations. To overcome this limitation, we have developed an intra-operative positron probe with background-rejection capability. The positron probe uses a phoswich detector composed of a plastic scintillator and a bismuth germinate (BGO). A positron from a positron emitter such as F-18 is detected by the plastic scintillator and emits annihilation photons. The BGO detects one of the annihilation photons while a photo-multiplier tube (PMT) detects scintillation photons from both scintillators. The decay time differences of these two scintillators are used to distinguish whether the event is a true event where a positron and a following annihilation photon are detected simultaneously, or a background event. In this configuration, only positrons can be selectively detected, even in an environment of high background gamma photon flux. Spatial resolution was 11-mm full width at half maximum (FWHM) 5 mm from the detector surface. Measured sensitivity for the F-18 point source was 2.6 cps/kBq 5 mm from the detector surface. The background count rate was less than 0.5 cps for a 20-cm diameter cylindrical phantom containing 37 MBq of F-18 solution measured on the phantom surface, while the positron count rate was almost linear over a range of approximately 6 kcps. These results indicate that our developed intra-operative positron probe is valuable for radio-guided surgery on tumors using F-18-FDG in a high flux of background annihilation gamma photons. PMID:15770969

Yamamoto, Seiichi; Matsumoto, Keiichi; Sakamoto, Setsu; Tarutani, Kazumasa; Minato, Kotaro; Senda, Michio

2005-02-01

127

Special Operations individual medical equipment part 2 - the in-use and survival medical kits.  

PubMed

Special Operations Forces (SOF) Operators need a variety of individual medical items that can generally be broken down into three types of medical kits: a major trauma kit, to treat major traumatic wounds; an in-use medical kit, to prevent or treat anticipated common medical conditions during operations; and a survival medical kit, to treat minor injuries and ailments when in a survival/evasion situation. PMID:20306410

Geers, Dirk

2010-01-01

128

Special Operations individual medical equipment: part I--the major trauma kit.  

PubMed

Special Operations Forces (SOF) Operators need a variety of individual medical items that can generally be broken down into three types of medical kits: a major trauma kit, to treat major traumatic wounds; an in-use medical kit, to prevent or treat anticipated common medical conditions during operations; and a survival medical kit, to treat minor injuries and ailments when in a survival/evasion situation. PMID:20112648

Geers, Dirk

2009-01-01

129

Mars Express Forward Link Capabilities for the Mars Relay Operations Service (MaROS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This software provides a new capability for landed Mars assets to perform forward link relay through the Mars Express (MEX) European Union orbital spacecraft. It solves the problem of standardizing the relay interface between lander missions and MEX. The Mars Operations Relay Service (MaROS) is intended as a central point for relay planning and post-pass analysis for all Mars landed and orbital assets. Through the first two phases of implementation, MaROS supports relay coordination through the Odyssey orbiter and the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO). With this new software, MaROS now fully integrates the Mars Express spacecraft into the relay picture. This new software generates and manages a new set of file formats that allows for relay request to MEX for forward and return link relay, including the parameters specific to MEX. Existing MEX relay planning interactions were performed via email exchanges and point-to-point file transfers. By integrating MEX into MaROS, all transactions are managed by a centralized service for tracking and analysis. Additionally, all lander missions have a single, shared interface with MEX and do not have to integrate on a mission-by mission basis. Relay is a critical element of Mars lander data management. Landed assets depend largely upon orbital relay for data delivery, which can be impacted by the availability and health of each orbiter in the network. At any time, an issue may occur to prevent relay. For this reason, it is imperative that all possible orbital assets be integrated into the overall relay picture.

Allard, Daniel A.; Wallick, Michael N.; Gladden, Roy E.; Wang, Paul

2012-01-01

130

The Technicums and the Market Economy: Is the Secondary Specialized School Capable of Not Only Surviving, but Also Flourishing?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on an interview with the director of Secondary Specialized Education in Russia. Finds concern about the lack of appropriate educational funding to support changes necessary to produce students for a market economy. Calls for more training in economics, marketing, finance, and insurance. (CFR)

Semenov, B. K.

1993-01-01

131

Navstar-Global Positioning System (GPS) Army User Equipment (AUE) Required Operational Capability (ROC).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A capability is needed for selected Army users to determine precise position and to navigate reliably worldwide under adverse weather, during day and night, in all climatic conditions, and in an Electric Warfare environment. The desired system must provid...

1979-01-01

132

Apollo's Warriors: United States Air Force Special Operations during the Cold War.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The secretive world of military 'special operations' is filled with men and women whose dedication, self-sacrifice, and heroism on behalf of their country is seldom acknowledged in public. If John Stuart Mill could come to America a century after his hist...

M. E. Haas

1997-01-01

133

Email Marketing for U.S. Army and Special Operations Forces (SOF) Recruiting.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. Army and Special Operations Forces (SOF) Recruiters in the U.S. Army Recruiting Command (USAREC) currently use four prospecting strategies to recruit Future Soldiers. These include telephone, referral, face-to-face, and internet or e-mail prospecting...

I. G. McGrath

2007-01-01

134

Massachusetts Primer on Special Education and Charter Schools. Section III: Information for Charter School Operators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the third part of the "Massachusetts Primer on Special Education and Charter Schools." Part III addresses the issues concerning the education of students with disabilities at all stages in the development and operation of a Massachusetts charter school. The information is intended to inform those who are responsible for the…

Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2009

2009-01-01

135

Investigating nocturnal fish populations in situ using baited underwater video: With special reference to their olfactory capabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, a novel technique using baited underwater video with infrared lighting was compared with traditional underwater census surveys to investigate fish populations in situ. Fish abundance at the baited underwater video was related to the olfactory capability of each species. Olfactory specialists were shown to arrive at baited underwater video drops earlier, and in greater numbers, than non-olfactory

D. K. Bassett; J. C. Montgomery

136

SLAM Simulation Model for Capability Assessment of Base Level Refueling during Aircraft Surge Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis develops a simulation model to of the base level refueling operation during surge conditions. Refueling data, representing surge operations, was collected and used to describe model variables. A simulation language available on the Z-100 micro...

G. A. Loden

1986-01-01

137

SOLVSIM POWER STATION - A NEW SAFE WAY OF TESTING THE FREQUENCY CONTROL AND ISLAND OPERATION CAPABILITY OF POWER STATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

SolvSim Power Station is a unique hard- ware-in-the-loop simulator, which makes it possible to test speed droop, speed governor time constant and island operation capability when the power station is synchro- nized to the main grid. The simulator is adopted to fit all types of power stations and is a suitable tool for the power system operator to use when

Evert Agneholm; Niclas Krantz; Morgan Emanuelsson; Håkan Hermansson; Solvina AB; Svenska Kraftnät

2002-01-01

138

Capabilities of Small Stature Women to Perform Operational Flight Tasks During G-Stress. (Abstracts).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To accommodate the needs of women in participating in expanded combat roles, NAWCAD is investigating the dynamic strength capabilities of small stature females (54.4 kg (120 lb.) or less) to eject, support added head weight, and fly under G-stress. Within...

B. Shender

1999-01-01

139

Rise of the Submarine Threat in the Chinese Theater of Operations: Capabilities and Implications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The People's Republic of China (PRC) is growing at an alarming rate into a regional, possibly even global superpower in the Far East. At the center of this buildup is an increasingly capable Submarine force that is being cultivated and poised for a future...

M. J. Smith

2005-01-01

140

Phenotype profiling of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii clover nodule isolates reveal their both versatile and specialized metabolic capabilities.  

PubMed

Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii (Rlt) are soil bacteria inducing nodules on clover, where they fix nitrogen. Genome organization analyses of 22 Rlt clover nodule isolates showed that they contained 3-6 plasmids and majority of them possessed large (>1 Mb), chromid-like replicon with exception of four Rlt strains. The Biolog phenotypic profiling comprising utilization of C, N, P, and S sources and tolerance to osmolytes and pH revealed metabolic versatility of the Rlt strains. Statistical analyses of our results showed a clear bias toward specific metabolic preferences, tolerance to unfavorable osmotic conditions, and increased nodulation activity of the strains having smaller amount of extrachromosomal DNA. The K5.4 and K4.15 lacking a large megaplasmid possessed substantially diverse metabolism and belonged to effective clover inoculants. In conclusion, besides overall metabolic versatility, some metabolic specialization may enable rhizobia to persist in variable environments and to compete successfully with other bacteria. PMID:23417392

Mazur, Andrzej; Stasiak, Gra?yna; Wielbo, Jerzy; Koper, Piotr; Kubik-Komar, Agnieszka; Skorupska, Anna

2013-04-01

141

[Operation preparedness of specialized anti-epidemic brigades during mass events].  

PubMed

Operation experience of specialized anti-epidemic brigades (SAEB) for the support of sanitary-epidemiologic welfare during various emergencies is presented. The order of functioning and SAEB objectives during mass events is examined. Analysis of exercise of Stavropol Institute of Plague Control SAEB was carried out, proposals for augmentation of SAEB equipment table by instruments and reagents for indication and genotyping of pathogen strains are examined. PMID:24738299

2014-01-01

142

The Rendezvous Monitoring Display Capabilities of the Rendezvous and Proximity Operations Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Rendezvous and Proximity Operations Program (RPOP) is a laptop computer- based relative navigation tool and piloting aid that was developed during the Space Shuttle program. RPOP displays a graphical representation of the relative motion between the target and chaser vehicles in a rendezvous, proximity operations and capture scenario. After being used in over 60 Shuttle rendezvous missions, some of the RPOP display concepts have become recognized as a minimum standard for cockpit displays for monitoring the rendezvous task. To support International Space Station (ISS) based crews in monitoring incoming visiting vehicles, RPOP has been modified to allow crews to compare the Cygnus visiting vehicle s onboard navigated state to processed range measurements from an ISS-based, crew-operated Hand Held Lidar sensor. This paper will discuss the display concepts of RPOP that have proven useful in performing and monitoring rendezvous and proximity operations.

Brazzel, Jack; Spehar, Pete; Clark, Fred; Foster, Chris; Eldridge, Erin

2013-01-01

143

The Development of Materials Capable of Operation in an Oxidizing Atmosphere for Extended Periods of Time.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An evaluation is presented of silicon carbide, zirconium diboride, and iridium-coated graphite as materials for construction of furnace cores which could operate under highly oxidizing conditions at temperatures of approximately 2,200 C in the presence of...

A. P. Duhamel

1972-01-01

144

Primary and Secondary Lithium Batteries Capable of Operating at Low Temperatures for Planetary Exploration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Objectives and Approach: (1) Develop advanced Li ]ion electrolytes that enable cell operation over a wide temperature range (i.e., -60 to +60 C). Improve the high temperature stability and lifetime characteristics of wide operating temperature electrolytes. (2) Define the performance limitations at low and high temperature extremes, as well as, life limiting processes. (3) Demonstrate the performance of advanced electrolytes in large capacity prototype cells.

Smart, M. C.; Ratnakumar, B. V.; West, W. C.; Brandon, E. J.

2011-01-01

145

Recent Developments in the Design, Capabilities and Autonomous Operations of a Lightweight Surface Manipulation System and Test-bed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The first generation of a versatile high performance device for performing payload handling and assembly operations on planetary surfaces, the Lightweight Surface Manipulation System (LSMS), has been designed and built. Over the course of its development, conventional crane type payload handling configurations and operations have been successfully demonstrated and the range of motion, types of operations and the versatility greatly expanded. This enhanced set of 1st generation LSMS hardware is now serving as a laboratory test-bed allowing the continuing development of end effectors, operational techniques and remotely controlled and automated operations. This paper describes the most recent LSMS and test-bed development activities, that have focused on two major efforts. The first effort was to complete a preliminary design of the 2nd generation LSMS that has the capability for limited mobility and can reposition itself between lander decks, mobility chassis, and fixed base locations. A major portion of this effort involved conducting a study to establish the feasibility of, and define, the specifications for a lightweight cable-drive waist joint. The second effort was to continue expanding the versatility and autonomy of large planetary surface manipulators using the 1st generation LSMS as a test-bed. This has been accomplished by increasing manipulator capabilities and efficiencies through both design changes and tool and end effector development. A software development effort has expanded the operational capabilities of the LSMS test-bed to include; autonomous operations based on stored paths, use of a vision system for target acquisition and tracking, and remote command and control over a communications bridge.

Dorsey, John T.; Jones, Thomas C.; Doggett, W. R.; Brady, Jeffrey S.; Berry, Felecia C.; Ganoe, George G.; Anderson, Eric; King, Bruce D.; Mercer, David C.

2011-01-01

146

46 CFR 153.903 - Operating a United States ship in special areas: Categories A, B, and C.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Operating a United States ship in special areas: Categories A, B, and...CONTINUED) CERTAIN BULK DANGEROUS CARGOES SHIPS CARRYING BULK LIQUID, LIQUEFIED GAS...153.903 Operating a United States ship in special areas: Categories A, B,...

2010-10-01

147

46 CFR 153.903 - Operating a United States ship in special areas: Categories A, B, and C.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Operating a United States ship in special areas: Categories A, B, and...CONTINUED) CERTAIN BULK DANGEROUS CARGOES SHIPS CARRYING BULK LIQUID, LIQUEFIED GAS...153.903 Operating a United States ship in special areas: Categories A, B,...

2011-10-01

148

46 CFR 153.903 - Operating a United States ship in special areas: Categories A, B, and C.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Operating a United States ship in special areas: Categories A, B, and...CONTINUED) CERTAIN BULK DANGEROUS CARGOES SHIPS CARRYING BULK LIQUID, LIQUEFIED GAS...153.903 Operating a United States ship in special areas: Categories A, B,...

2012-10-01

149

Lithium Batteries and Supercapacitors Capable of Operating at Low Temperatures for Planetary Exploration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Demonstrated improved performance with wide operating temperature electrolytes containing ester co - solvents (i.e., methyl propionate and ethyl butyrate) in a number of prototype cells: center dot Successfully scaled up low temperature technology to 12 Ah size prismatic Li - ion cells (Quallion, LCC), and demonstrated good performance down to - 60 o C. center dot Demonstrated wide operating temperature range performance ( - 60 o to +60 o C) in A123 Systems LiFePO 4 - based lithium - ion cells containing methyl butyrate - based low temperature electrolytes. These systems were also demonstrated to have excellent cycle life performance at ambient temperatures, as well as the ability to be cycled up to high temperatures.

Smart, M. C.; Ratnakumar, B. V.; West, W. C.; Brandon, E. J.

2012-01-01

150

The SOFIA Observatory at the Start of Routine Science Operations: Mission Capabilities and Performance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) has recently concluded a set of engineering flights for observatory performance evaluation. These in-flight opportunities are viewed as the first comprehensive assessment of the observatory's performance and are used to guide future development activities, as well as to identify additional observatory upgrades. Pointing stability was evaluated, including the image motion due to rigid-body and flexible-body telescope modes as well as possible aero-optical image motion. We report on recent improvements in pointing stability by using an active mass damper system installed on the telescope. Measurements and characterization of the shear layer and cavity seeing, as well as image quality evaluation as a function of wavelength have also been performed. Additional tests targeted basic observatory capabilities and requirements, including pointing accuracy, chopper evaluation, and imager sensitivity. This paper reports on the data collected during these flights and presents current SOFIA observatory performance and characterization.

Temi, Pasquale; Marcum, Pamela M.; Young, Erick; Adams, Joseph D.; Adams, Sybil; Andersson, B.-G.; Becklin, Eric E.; Boogert, Adwin; Brewster, Rick; Burgh, Eric; Cobleigh, Brent R.; Culp, Steven; De Buizer, Jim; Dunham, Edward W.; Engfer, Christian; Ediss, Geoffrey; Fujieh, Maura; Grashuis, Randy; Gross, Michael; Harmon, Edward; Helton, Andrew; Hoffman, Douglas; Homan, Jeff; Hütwohl, Michael; Jakob, Holger; Jensen, Stephen C.; Kaminski, Charles; Kozarsky, Daniel; Krabbe, Alfred; Klein, Randolf; Lammen, Yannick; Lampater, Ulrich; Latter, William B.; Le, Jeanette; McKown, Nancy; Melchiorri, Riccardo; Meyer, Allan W.; Miles, John; Miller, Walter E.; Miller, Scott; Moore, Elizabeth; Nickison, Donald J.; Opshaug, Kortney; Pfüeller, Enrico; Radomski, James; Rasmussen, John; Reach, William; Reinacher, Andreas; Roellig, Thomas L.; Sandell, Göran; Sankrit, Ravi; Savage, Maureen L.; Shenoy, Sachindev; Schonfeld, Julie E.; Shuping, Ralph Y.; Smith, Erin C.; Talebi, Ehsan; Teufel, Stefan; Tseng, Ting C.; Vacca, William D.; Vaillancourt, John; Van Cleve, Jeffrey E.; Wiedemann, Manuel; Wolf, Jürgen; Zavala, Eddie; Zeile, Oliver; Zell, Peter T.; Zinnecker, Hans

2014-06-01

151

Capabilities of Small Stature Women to Perform Operational Flight Tasks During G-Stress.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

With expansion of the role of women in military combat operations, including those in the fifth percentile for weight, i.e., 120 (54.4 kg) pounds or less, it is essential to determine is such individuals can perform certain tasks under dynamic conditions ...

B. Shender

1999-01-01

152

Analysis of LCM-8 Maneuvering Capability Relative to AFAR Cable Laying Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Operational plans have been made for laying two cables off Santa Maria Island in the Azores. Recommendations have been sought for improving the safety and reliability of elements of the construction system. It is planned to use two LCM-8 landing craft, on...

1972-01-01

153

The capabilities of steady state operation at the stellarator W7-X with emphasis on divertor design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The stellarator Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) is presently under construction at Greifswald, Germany, and the start of operation is planned in 2006. W7-X is a large `advanced stellarator' of the HELIAS type (R = 5.5 m, a = 0.55 m, B0 = 3 T, five periods, moderate shear and variable rotational transform 5/6 <= ? <= 5/4 at the boundary) with the aims of demonstrating the reactor potential of this stellarator line in steady state operation close to fusion relevant parameters. The capability of stationary operation requires the realization of a superconducting magnet system consisting of 50 modular coils and 20 planar coils, the operation of a 140 GHz ECR CW heat source of 10 MW, the installation of a divertor to handle the power and particle flux, and to limit the impurity fraction to tolerable levels. Additional heating schemes, ICRF and NBI, will be provided for flexible experimentation.

Renner, H.; Boscary, J.; Erckmann, V.; Greuner, H.; Grote, H.; Sapper, J.; Speth, E.; Wesner, F.; Wanner, M.; W7-X Team

2000-06-01

154

Design and operation of equipment used to develop remote coating capability for HTGR fuel particles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Refabrication of HTGR fuels is a manufacturing process that consists of preparation of fuel kernels, application of multiple layers of pyrolytic carbon and silicon carbide, preparation of fuel rods, and assembly of fuel rods into fuel elements. All the equipment for refabrication of ²³³U-containing fuel must be designed for completely remote operation and maintenance in hot-cell facilities. Equipment to remotely

R. R. Suchomel; D. P. Stinton; M. K. Preston; J. L. Heck; B. J. Bolfing; W. J. Lackey

1978-01-01

155

New stopping cell capabilities: RF carpet performance at high gas density and cryogenic operation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have developed a stopping cell to be used at the FRS and Super-FRS (Super-conducting FRagment Separator) at the GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy-Ion Research and the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR), both in Darmstadt, Germany. The cell has a stopping volume with a length of 1 m and a diameter of 25 cm. It is aimed at operation with high-density helium gas (up to 0.2 mg/cm3). Ours is the first realisation of a stopping cell in which the required purity of the helium stopping gas is ensured by operation at cryogenic temperatures. On the exit side, the ions are guided to the exit hole by an RF carpet with 4 electrodes per mm, operating at a frequency of 5.8 MHz. We present the first commissioning results of the cryogenic stopping cell. Using 219Rn ions emitted as alpha-decay recoils from a 223Ra source, a combined ion survival and extraction efficiency between 10 and 25% is measured for helium gas at a temperature of 85 K and with a density up to 0.07 mg/cm3 (equivalent to a pressure of 430 mbar at room temperature). This density is almost two times higher than demonstrated up to now for RF ion repelling structures in helium gas. Given the operational and design parameters of the system, it is projected that this technology is useful up to a helium gas density of at least 0.2 mg/cm3.

Ranjan, M.; Purushothaman, S.; Dickel, T.; Geissel, H.; Plass, W. R.; Schäfer, D.; Scheidenberger, C.; Van de Walle, J.; Weick, H.; Dendooven, P.

2011-12-01

156

Use of a pitch adjustable foot restraint system: Operator strength capability and load requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The zero-gravity environment creates a need for a proper human body restraint system to maintain a comfortable posture with less fatigue and to maximize productivity. In addition, restraint systems must be able to meet the loading demands of maintenance and assembly tasks performed on orbit. The shuttle's primary intravehicular astronaut restraint system is currently a foot loop design that attaches to flat surfaces on the shuttle, allowing for varying mounting locations and easy egress and ingress. However, this design does not allow for elevation, pitch, or foot loop length adjustment. Several prototype foot restraint systems are being evaluated for use aboard the space station and the space shuttle. The JSC Anthropometry and Biomechanics Laboratory initiated this study to quantify the maximum axial forces and moments that would be induced on a foot loop type of restraint while operators performed a torque wrench task, also allowing for angling the restraint pitch angle to study yet another effect. Results indicate that the greatest forces into the torque wrench and into the foot restraint system occur while the operator performs an upward effort. This study did not see any significant difference in the operators' force due to pitch orientation. Thus, in a work environment in which hand holds are available, no significant influence of the pitch angle on forces imparted to the restraint system existed.

Wilmington, Robert P.; Poliner, Jeffrey; Klute, Glenn K.

1994-01-01

157

Capabilities of operational Boussinesq for simulating the run-up of impact generated tsunamis in fjords  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tsunamis induced by rock slides plunging into fjords constitute a severe hazard towards local coastal communities. The rock slide impact may give rise to highly non-linear waves in the near field. Moreover, waves are relatively short crested and frequency dispersion comes to play. The fjord system constitutes a rugged terrain with steep slopes. Including the non-linear and dispersive nature of waves propagating and at the same time inundating the steep fjord coastlines poses a major challenge to tsunami modellers. This calls for primitive or Boussinesq type models including dry-land inundation. We have analyzed and run a variety of depth averaged operational models of Boussinesq-TVD type both for inundation on steep slopes and for propagation over steep shelves. In addition, a set of academic Boussinesq type models as well as one full potential solver have been applied as reference models. Demanding test cases for solitary like waves with amplitude-to-depth-ratios ranging from 0.1 to 0.5 and slopes were ranging from 10 to 50 degrees, were applied. The test cases revealed that some models were prone to instabilities for large non-linearities and fine resolution. For the operational models, some of the instabilities were related false breaking during the first positive inundation, which was not observed for the academic models. None of the models were able to handle the bore forming during drawdown. The instabilities were linked to short crested undulations on the grid scale, and appeared on fine resolution both during inundation, and for the propagation of highly non-linear waves. Hence, convergence was not always obtained. This may put limitations on the accuracy of current operational Boussinesq solvers applied for tsunami simulations in fjords.

Løvholt, F.; Pedersen, G.

2012-12-01

158

Results from the Operational Testing of the General Electric Smart Grid Capable Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE)  

SciTech Connect

The Idaho National Laboratory conducted testing and analysis of the General Electric (GE) smart grid capable electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE), which was a deliverable from GE for the U.S. Department of Energy FOA-554. The Idaho National Laboratory has extensive knowledge and experience in testing advanced conductive and wireless charging systems though INL’s support of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity. This document details the findings from the EVSE operational testing conducted at the Idaho National Laboratory on the GE smart grid capable EVSE. The testing conducted on the EVSE included energy efficiency testing, SAE J1772 functionality testing, abnormal conditions testing, and charging of a plug-in vehicle.

Richard Barney Carlson; Don Scoffield; Brion Bennett

2013-12-01

159

36 CFR 261.1a - Special use authorizations, contracts and operating plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Special use authorizations, contracts...Prohibitions § 261.1a Special use authorizations, contracts...Forest Supervisor, and each District Ranger or equivalent officer may issue special-use...

2013-07-01

160

14 CFR Special Federal Aviation... - Special Operating Rules for the Conduct of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) Area Navigation (RNAV...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...during the en route portion of flight below the standard MEA...aircraft operations on any desired flight path. Area navigation...certificate holders, training of flight crewmembers and other personnel...authorized to exercise operational control on the use of those...

2014-01-01

161

Energy Requirements of US Army Special Operation Forces During Military Training  

PubMed Central

Special Operations Forces (SOF) regularly engage in physically demanding combat operations and field training exercises, resulting in high daily energy expenditure, and thus increased energy requirements. However, the majority of studies assessing energy requirements of SOF have been conducted on soldiers going through intense SOF initiation training. The objective of the current investigation was to determine the energy expenditure of SOF conducting military training operations. Thirty-one soldiers taking part in Pre-Mission Training (PMT n = 15) and Combat Diver Qualification Courses (CDQC n = 16) volunteered to participate in this observational study. Energy expenditure was determined using doubly labeled water. Body weight (83 ± 7 kg) remained stable during both training periods. Overall energy expenditure adjusted for body composition was 17,606 ± 2326 kJ·day?1. Energy expenditure was 19,110 ± 1468 kJ·day?1 during CDQC and 16,334 ± 2180 kJ·day?1 during PMT, with physical activity levels of 2.6 ± 0.2 and 2.2 ± 0.3 during CDQC and PMT, respectively. Compared to the Military Dietary Reference Intakes for energy (13,598 kJ·day?1), these data are in agreement with previous reports that energy requirement for SOF Soldiers exceed that of the average soldier.

Margolis, Lee M.; Crombie, Aaron P.; McClung, Holly L.; McGraw, Susan M.; Rood, Jennifer C.; Montain, Scott J.; Young, Andrew J.

2014-01-01

162

Energy requirements of US Army Special Operation Forces during military training.  

PubMed

Special Operations Forces (SOF) regularly engage in physically demanding combat operations and field training exercises, resulting in high daily energy expenditure, and thus increased energy requirements. However, the majority of studies assessing energy requirements of SOF have been conducted on soldiers going through intense SOF initiation training. The objective of the current investigation was to determine the energy expenditure of SOF conducting military training operations. Thirty-one soldiers taking part in Pre-Mission Training (PMT n = 15) and Combat Diver Qualification Courses (CDQC n = 16) volunteered to participate in this observational study. Energy expenditure was determined using doubly labeled water. Body weight (83 ± 7 kg) remained stable during both training periods. Overall energy expenditure adjusted for body composition was 17,606 ± 2326 kJ·day(-1). Energy expenditure was 19,110 ± 1468 kJ·day(-1) during CDQC and 16,334 ± 2180 kJ·day(-1) during PMT, with physical activity levels of 2.6 ± 0.2 and 2.2 ± 0.3 during CDQC and PMT, respectively. Compared to the Military Dietary Reference Intakes for energy (13,598 kJ·day(-1)), these data are in agreement with previous reports that energy requirement for SOF Soldiers exceed that of the average soldier. PMID:24824290

Margolis, Lee M; Crombie, Aaron P; McClung, Holly L; McGraw, Susan M; Rood, Jennifer C; Montain, Scott J; Young, Andrew J

2014-05-01

163

76 FR 7107 - Quarterly Listings; Safety Zones, Security Zones, Special Local Regulations, Drawbridge Operation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Parts 100, 117...Quarterly Listings; Safety Zones, Security Zones, Special Local Regulations, Drawbridge...document lists temporary safety zones, security zones, special local regulations,...

2011-02-09

164

76 FR 44803 - Quarterly Listings; Safety Zones, Security Zones, Special Local Regulations, Drawbridge Operation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Parts 100, 117...Quarterly Listings; Safety Zones, Security Zones, Special Local Regulations, Drawbridge...notice lists temporary safety zones, security zones, special local regulations,...

2011-07-27

165

Armored Brigade Combat Team (ABCT) in the Future: An Assessment of Capabilities Against the Hybrid Threat in the Future Operational Environment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Does the Armored Brigade Combat Team (ABCT) have adequate capabilities to defeat potential hybrid threats in future operational environments (OE). The purpose of this research was to assess the three Brigade Combat Teams' (BCTs) effectiveness in unified l...

R. W. Sprang

2013-01-01

166

Advanced Modeling, Simulation and Analysis (AMSA) Capability Roadmap Progress Review  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Contents include the following: NASA capability roadmap activity. Advanced modeling, simulation, and analysis overview. Scientific modeling and simulation. Operations modeling. Multi-special sensing (UV-gamma). System integration. M and S Environments and Infrastructure.

Antonsson, Erik; Gombosi, Tamas

2005-01-01

167

Fed-batch operation in special microtiter plates: a new method for screening under production conditions.  

PubMed

Batch and fed-batch operation result in completely different physiological conditions for cultivated microorganisms or cells. To close the gap between screening, which is hitherto exclusively performed in batch mode, and fed-batch production processes, a special microtiter plate was developed that allows screening in fed-batch mode. The fed-batch microtiter plate (FB-MTP) enables 44 parallel fed-batch experiments at small scale. A small channel filled with a hydrogel connects a reservoir well with a culture well. The nutrient compound diffuses from the reservoir well through the hydrogel into the culture well. Hence, the feed rate can easily be adjusted to the needs of the cultured microorganisms by changing the geometry of the hydrogel channel and the driving concentration gradient. Any desired compound including liquid nutrients like glycerol can be fed to the culture. In combination with an optical measuring device (BioLector), online monitoring of these 44 fed-batch cultures is possible. Two Escherichia coli strains and a Hansenula polymorpha strain were successfully cultivated in the new FB-MTP. As a positive impact of the fed-batch mode on the used strains, a fourfold increase in product formation was observed for E. coli. For H. polymorpha, the use of fed-batch mode resulted in a strong increase in product formation, whereas no measurable product formation was observed in batch mode. In conclusion, the newly developed fed-batch microtiter plate is a versatile, easy-to-use, disposable system to perform fed-batch cultivations at small scale. Screening cultures in high-throughput under online monitoring are possible similar to cultivations under production conditions. PMID:24419608

Wilming, Anja; Bähr, Cornelia; Kamerke, Claudia; Büchs, Jochen

2014-03-01

168

Causes of Death in U.S. Special Operations Forces in the Global War on Terrorism: 2001???2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Effective combat trauma management strategies de- pend upon an understanding of the epidemiology of death on the battlefield. Methods: A panel of military medical experts reviewed photo- graphs and autopsy and treatment records for all Special Operations Forces (SOF) who died between October 2001 and November 2004 (n 82). Fatal wounds were classified as nonsurvivable or poten- tially survivable.

John B. Holcomb; Neil R. McMullin; Lisa Pearse; Jim Caruso; Charles E. Wade; Lynne Oetjen-Gerdes; Howard R. Champion; Mimi Lawnick; Warner Farr; Sam Rodriguez; Frank K. Butler

2007-01-01

169

America's 'Shadow Warriors' on a Mission to 'Kill Pablo': Focus on Special Operations Forces in Light of Afghanistan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The rout in late-2001 of Afghanistan's Taliban regime brings a timely relevance to two new books about U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF) by two prominent American authors. Both make for crisp, fast and fun reading. Both books are likely to be revealing...

H. M. Neighbour

2002-01-01

170

26 CFR 1.507-2 - Special rules; transfer to, or operation as, public charity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Private Foundations § 1.507-2 Special rules; transfer...section 507(b)(1)(A) a private foundation, with respect to which there have...Chapter 42, may terminate its private foundation status by distributing all...

2013-04-01

171

The near boiling reactor: Conceptual design of a small inherently safe nuclear reactor to extend the operational capability of the Victoria Class submarine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nuclear power has several unique advantages over other air independent energy sources for nuclear combat submarines. An inherently safe, small nuclear reactor, capable of supply the hotel load of the Victoria Class submarines, has been conceptually developed. The reactor is designed to complement the existing diesel electric power generation plant presently onboard the submarine. The reactor, rated at greater than 1 MW thermal, will supply electricity to the submarine's batteries through an organic Rankine cycle energy conversion plant at 200 kW. This load will increase the operational envelope of the submarine by providing up to 28 continuous days submerged, allowing for an enhanced indiscretion ratio (ratio of time spent on the surface versus time submerged) and a limited under ice capability. The power plant can be fitted into the existing submarine by inserting a 6 m hull plug. With its simplistic design and inherent safety features, the reactor plant will require a minimal addition to the crew. The reactor employs TRISO fuel particles for increased safety. The light water coolant remains at atmospheric pressure, exiting the core at 96°C. Burn-up control and limiting excess reactivity is achieved through movable reflector plates. Shut down and regulatory control is achieved through the thirteen hafnium control rods. Inherent safety is achieved through the negative prompt and delayed temperature coefficients, as well as the negative void coefficient. During a transient, the boiling of the moderator results in a sudden drop in reactivity, essentially shutting down the reactor. It is this characteristic after which the reactor has been named. The design of the reactor was achieved through modelling using computer codes such as MCNP5, WIMS-AECL, FEMLAB, and MicroShield5, in addition to specially written software for kinetics, heat transfer and fission product poisoning calculations. The work has covered a broad area of research and has highlighted additional areas that should be investigated. These include developing a detailed point nodel kinetic model coupled with a finite element heat transfer model, undertaking radiation protection shielding calculations in accordance with international and national regulations, and exploring the effects of advanced fuels.

Cole, Christopher J. P.

172

IAC - INTEGRATED ANALYSIS CAPABILITY  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of the Integrated Analysis Capability (IAC) system is to provide a highly effective, interactive analysis tool for the integrated design of large structures. With the goal of supporting the unique needs of engineering analysis groups concerned with interdisciplinary problems, IAC was developed to interface programs from the fields of structures, thermodynamics, controls, and system dynamics with an executive system and database to yield a highly efficient multi-disciplinary system. Special attention is given to user requirements such as data handling and on-line assistance with operational features, and the ability to add new modules of the user's choice at a future date. IAC contains an executive system, a data base, general utilities, interfaces to various engineering programs, and a framework for building interfaces to other programs. IAC has shown itself to be effective in automatic data transfer among analysis programs. IAC 2.5, designed to be compatible as far as possible with Level 1.5, contains a major upgrade in executive and database management system capabilities, and includes interfaces to enable thermal, structures, optics, and control interaction dynamics analysis. The IAC system architecture is modular in design. 1) The executive module contains an input command processor, an extensive data management system, and driver code to execute the application modules. 2) Technical modules provide standalone computational capability as well as support for various solution paths or coupled analyses. 3) Graphics and model generation interfaces are supplied for building and viewing models. Advanced graphics capabilities are provided within particular analysis modules such as INCA and NASTRAN. 4) Interface modules provide for the required data flow between IAC and other modules. 5) User modules can be arbitrary executable programs or JCL procedures with no pre-defined relationship to IAC. 6) Special purpose modules are included, such as MIMIC (Model Integration via Mesh Interpolation Coefficients), which transforms field values from one model to another; LINK, which simplifies incorporation of user specific modules into IAC modules; and DATAPAC, the National Bureau of Standards statistical analysis package. The IAC database contains structured files which provide a common basis for communication between modules and the executive system, and can contain unstructured files such as NASTRAN checkpoint files, DISCOS plot files, object code, etc. The user can define groups of data and relations between them. A full data manipulation and query system operates with the database. The current interface modules comprise five groups: 1) Structural analysis - IAC contains a NASTRAN interface for standalone analysis or certain structural/control/thermal combinations. IAC provides enhanced structural capabilities for normal modes and static deformation analysis via special DMAP sequences. IAC 2.5 contains several specialized interfaces from NASTRAN in support of multidisciplinary analysis. 2) Thermal analysis - IAC supports finite element and finite difference techniques for steady state or transient analysis. There are interfaces for the NASTRAN thermal analyzer, SINDA/SINFLO, and TRASYS II. FEMNET, which converts finite element structural analysis models to finite difference thermal analysis models, is also interfaced with the IAC database. 3) System dynamics - The DISCOS simulation program which allows for either nonlinear time domain analysis or linear frequency domain analysis, is fully interfaced to the IAC database management capability. 4) Control analysis - Interfaces for the ORACLS, SAMSAN, NBOD2, and INCA programs allow a wide range of control system analyses and synthesis techniques. Level 2.5 includes EIGEN, which provides tools for large order system eigenanalysis, and BOPACE, which allows for geometric capabilities and finite element analysis with nonlinear material. Also included in IAC level 2.5 is SAMSAN 3.1, an engineering analysis program which contains a general purpose library of over 600 subroutin

Frisch, H. P.

1994-01-01

173

43 CFR 3809.100 - What special provisions apply to operations on segregated or withdrawn lands?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...concludes that the mining claim is invalid, BLM will not...notice-level operations on the mining claim. BLM will also promptly initiate...mineral examination report for proposed operations concludes that a mining claim is invalid, or if there...

2010-10-01

174

43 CFR 3809.100 - What special provisions apply to operations on segregated or withdrawn lands?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...concludes that the mining claim is invalid, BLM will not...notice-level operations on the mining claim. BLM will also promptly initiate...mineral examination report for proposed operations concludes that a mining claim is invalid, or if there...

2009-10-01

175

The special functions of fractional calculus as generalized fractional calculus operators of some basic functions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a unified approach to the so-called Special Functions of Fractional Calculus (SFs of FC), recently enjoying increasing interest from both theoretical mathematicians and applied scientists. This is due to their role as solutions of fractional order differential and integral equations, as the better mathematical models of phenomena of various physical, engineering, automatization, chemical, biological, Earth science, economics etc.

Virginia Kiryakova

2010-01-01

176

International Labour Standards and Technical Co-Operation: The Case of Special Public Works Programmes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applies international labor standards to results of the International Labour Office's special public works programs to discover whether program intentions have been met. Finds that while productive employment has been pursued, popular participation is not occurring and such issues as (1) forced labor, (2) child employment, and (3) inequality of…

Mayer, Jean

1989-01-01

177

Experimental Analysis of Integration of Tactical Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Naval Special Warfare Operations Forces.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An experimental investigation was conducted to examine the use of small, expendable, endurance UAVs to enhance the combat effectiveness of Naval Special Warfare Forces (NSW) The experiment involved UAVs, NSW forces, and a red team in a downed-pilot rescue...

J. C. Butner

2002-01-01

178

Experimental Analysis of Integration of Tactical Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Naval Special Warfare Operations Forces.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An experimental investigation was conducted to examine the use of small, expendable, endurance UAVs to enhance the combat effectiveness of Naval Special Warfare Forces (NSW) . The experiment involved UAVs, NSW forces, and a red team in a downed-pilot resc...

J. C. Butner

2002-01-01

179

A Directory of Rural and Specialized Transit Operators. Volume 3: Western U.S. Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 3-volume directory is the first comprehensive effort to identify Urban Mass Transportation Administration (UMTA) funded Section 18 and 16(b)(2) rural and specialized transportation agencies and describe characteristics of these systems: organizational structure, service characteristics, size, and areas served. Volume 3 contains listings for…

Rucker, George; And Others

180

A Directory of Rural and Specialized Transit Operators. Volume 2: Central U.S. Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 3-volume directory is the first comprehensive effort to identify Urban Mass Transportation Administration (UMTA) funded Section 18 and 16(b)(2) rural and specialized transportation agencies and describe characteristics of these systems: organizational structure, service characteristics, size, and areas served. Volume 2 contains listings for…

Rucker, George; And Others

181

Using Specialized Agents in a Distributed MAS to Solve Airline Operations Problems: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

An airline schedule very rarely operates as planned. Problems related with aircrafts, crew members and passengers are common and the actions towards the solution of these problems are usually known as operations recovery. The airline operations control center (AOCC) tries to solve these problems with the minimum cost and satisfying all the required rules. In this paper we present the

Antonio J. M. Castro; Eugenio Oliveira

2007-01-01

182

Using Specialized Agents in a Distributed MAS to Solve Airline Operations Problems: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

An airline schedule very rarely operates as planned. Problems related with aircrafts, crew members and passengers are common and the actions towards the solution of these problems are usually known as operations recovery. The Airline Operations Control Center (AOCC) tries to solve these problems with the minimum cost and satisfying all the required rules. In this paper we present the

Antonio J. M. Castro; Eugenio Oliveira

2007-01-01

183

Corneal foreign body management at a role 1 flight line aid station: risks, benefits, and implications for special operations medicine.  

PubMed

Eye injuries are common in forward areas of operations. Definitive diagnosis and care may be limited not by provider skill but rather by available equipment. The ability to treat simple trauma such as corneal foreign bodies at the Role 1 level has advantages including rapid return to duty, decreased cost of treatment, and, most important, decreased risk of delayed care. We propose the device such as a hand-held portable slit lamp should be made available for appropriate Special Operations Medical Forces (SOFMED) or aviation providers. PMID:24952034

Calvano, Christopher J

2014-01-01

184

14 CFR Appendix A to Part 136 - Special Operating Rules for Air Tour Operators in the State of Hawaii  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...be based on the information in the Rotorcraft Flight Manual (RFM), considering the maximum density altitude for which the operation...and temperature for which height-velocity information in the RFM is valid. The pilot in command (PIC) must comply with...

2009-01-01

185

14 CFR Appendix A to Part 136 - Special Operating Rules for Air Tour Operators in the State of Hawaii  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...be based on the information in the Rotorcraft Flight Manual (RFM), considering the maximum density altitude for which the operation...and temperature for which height-velocity information in the RFM is valid. The pilot in command (PIC) must comply with...

2010-01-01

186

Considerations on the Operation of Nuclear Power Plants and Emergency Plants. Special Case of Belgium.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nuclear power plant operation in Belgium is characterized by an effective utilization factor of 80.6% (which compares fairly well with world averages). It is important to analyse the reason for break-downs so as to improve operation. The paper reviews the...

E. H. Hubert

1981-01-01

187

Vocational Agriculture Training Program: Safe Tractor and Farm Machinery Operation. Special Paper No. 8. Second Revision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The publication was prepared for the United States Office of Education for use by teachers who direct agricultural training programs in safe tractor operation and safe farm machinery operation that comply with the United States Department of Labor regulations on hazardous occupations in agriculture. Upon successful completion of these training…

Bobbitt, Frank; Doss, Howard

188

A summary of capabilities and operations for the fluids and combustion facility Fluids Integrated Rack-first four experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Long-term microgravity experiments will continue on-board the International Space Station (ISS). Glenn Research Center (GRC) is the implimenting center for microgravity research in the areas of combustion science, fluid physics and acceleration measurement disciplines. This paper focuses on the initial ISS facilities and capabilities envisioned for the first four fluids physics experiments. GRC is developing the Fluids Integrated Rack (FIR) to accommodate this first wave of experiments in the 2004 timeframe. Many capabilities are provided by FIR such as: cameras and illumination systems; command and data management systems; environmental control systems; electrical power subsystems; active rack isolation systems; and optics bench accommodations of investigator hardware. The first four experiments, in addition, require microscopy capability; and as well as other sophisticated optical diagnostics (e.g., light scattering). A multi-user apparatus was thus conceived that has developed into the Light Microscopy Module (LMM). The LMM experiments discussed include: ``Constrained Vapor Bubble (CVB)'' (Prof. P. Wayner, RPI); ``Physics of Hard Spheres Experiment'' (PHaSE-2) (Prof. P. Chaikin, Princeton University); ``Physics of Colloids in Space'' (PCS-2) (Prof. D. Weitz, Harvard University); and the ``Colloidal Assembly in Binary Particle Suspensions'' (Prof. A. Yodh, University of Pennsylvania). .

Hill, Myron E.; Saavedra, Suzanne M.

2000-01-01

189

76 FR 36864 - Special Conditions: Gulfstream Model GVI Airplane; Operation Without Normal Electric Power  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...continuous source of electrical power in order to...operation without normal electrical power. The current rule, Sec. 25...loss of all normal electrical power. This rule...sources excluding the battery and any other...

2011-06-23

190

76 FR 8314 - Special Conditions: Gulfstream Model GVI Airplane; Operation Without Normal Electric Power  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...continuous source of electrical power in order to...operation without normal electrical power. The current rule, Sec. 25...loss of all normal electrical power. This rule...sources excluding the battery and any other...

2011-02-14

191

33 CFR 151.69 - Operating requirements: Discharge of garbage outside special areas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) POLLUTION VESSELS CARRYING OIL, NOXIOUS LIQUID SUBSTANCES...Protection to the Antarctic Treaty as it Pertains to Pollution from Ships Garbage Pollution and Sewage § 151.69 Operating...

2013-07-01

192

Knowledge Operation Capability Evaluation Model and Strategic Orientation of Supply Chain: Exploratory Research Based on View of Ecology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The competitiveness of Supply Chain (SC) correlates intimately with its knowledge operation (KO). In order to realize better assessment value, this paper constructed an evaluation framework on knowledge operation of SC and a detailed index system. According to theory of ecology, expounded the evaluation orientation and future research direction from view of comprehensiveness and adaptability. Additionally, a case about Toyota recall-gate was analyzed. Through research, it provides two dimensions of results evaluating orientation which may help enterprise make right decision upon SC.

Zhou, Wen-Yong; Song, Ze-Qian

193

Exercise Programs for Special Needs Students: Automated Contributions from the Operant Laboratory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 14-year-old student with moderate retardation rode a stationary bicycle, while rotation of the bicycle wheel operated one of three consequence conditions (television, flashing lights, or vibrator sound). Vibrator sound was the most potent reinforcing consequence. The activity led to the development of exercise behavior with a minimum amount of…

Douglas, John; And Others

1989-01-01

194

ISS Operations for the Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM) Experiences from the Robotic Systems Evaluation Laboratory (RSEL)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The International Space Station (ISS) will present a new era of telerobotic operations on-orbit. Operating the Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM) in its tasks of maintaining the multitude of Space Station Orbital Replaceable Units (ORUs) creates numerous operational considerations not seen in the existing Shuttle Remote Manipulator System (SRMS) or the future Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS). The differences between the large arms and the dexterous arm greatly affect the interconnection of man, robot, and task. This paper presents some of the issues arising from this new breed of on-orbit robotics as garnered from over three years of ORU testing experience within the Robotic Systems Evaluation Laboratory (RSEL) at NASA Johnson Space Center. The effects of new robotic features on operations, the issues surrounding targets and visual cues, the differences in operating with Force Moment Accommodation (FMA), the effects of changes in task complexity and scale, the lack of supporting flight information, and the changes in procedures required by the dexterous task will be discussed.

Spinler, Anthony B.

1999-01-01

195

Comparative study of small wastewater treatment technologies under special operation conditions—COMPAS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In rural areas, small wastewater treatment plants (SWWTPs) are a cost-efficient solution to sewage disposal issues. In Europe, SWWTPs are defined as plants for treating domestic wastewater up 50 PE. In Germany, about 2.2 million SWWTPs are in operation or are being installed. In France about 10–12 million people are served by decentralized systems. There are many different technical solutions

Matthias Barjenbruch; Eva Exner

2012-01-01

196

Injection-seeded pulsed Ti:sapphire laser with novel stabilization scheme and capability of dual-wavelength operation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A gain-switched, single-frequency titanium-sapphire laser for atmospheric humidity measurements using the differential absorption lidar technique operating in the 820 nm wavelength region is described. The laser is pumped by a frequency-doubled, flashlamp-pumped Nd:YAG laser at a repetition rate of 50 Hz and injection seeded by two external-cavity-diode lasers. The system yields pulses with an energy of 15 mJ and high

Klaus Ertel; Holger Linné; Jens Bösenberg

2005-01-01

197

Design of a versatile, teleoperable, towable lifting machine with robotic capabilities for use in NASA's lunar base operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The lifting machine will assist in lifting cargo off of landers sent to the Moon and in the construction of a lunar base. Three possible designs were considered for the overall configuration of the lifting machine: the variable angle crane, the tower crane, and the gantry crane. Alternate designs were developed for the major components of the lifting machine. A teleoperable, variable angle crane was chosen as its final design. The design consists of a telescoping boom mounted to a chassis that is supported by two conical wheels for towing and four outriggers for stability. Attached to the end of the boom is a seven degree of freedom robot arm for light, dexterous, lifting operations. A cable and hook suspends from the end of the boom for heavy, gross, lifting operations. Approximate structural sizes were determined for the lifter and its components. However, further analysis is needed to determine the optimum design dimensions. The design team also constructed a model of the design which demonstrates its features and operating principals.

Harris, Elizabeth; Ogle, James; Schoppe, Dean

1989-01-01

198

Psychology at the Special Devices Center, Office of Naval Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Human Engineering Branch of the Special Devices Center, Office of Naval Research, is concerned with the coordination of men and machines. The complexity of naval equipment and procedures requires that special effort be made to adapt operational requirements to the psychological capabilities and limitations of human operators. Such coordination is achieved in two ways: (1) By the development of

Leonard C. Mead

1949-01-01

199

Demonstration of a Real Time Capability to Produce Tidal Heights and Currents for Naval Operational Use: A Cast Study for the West Coast of Africa (Liberia)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report documents an existing capability to produce operationally relevant products on sea level and currents from a tides/storm surge model for any coastal region around the world within 48 hours from the time of the request. The model is ready for transition to the Naval Oceanographic Office (NAVOCEANO) for potential contingency use anywhere around the world. A recent application to naval operations offshore Liberia illustrates this. Mississippi State University, in collaboration with the University of Colorado and NAVOCEANO, successfully deployed the Colorado University Rapidly Relocatable Nestable Tides and Storm Surge (CURReNTSS) model that predicts sea surface height, tidal currents and storm surge, and provided operational products on tidal sea level and currents in the littoral region off south-western coast of Africa. This report summarizes the results of this collaborative effort in an actual contingency use of the relocatable model, summarizes the lessons learned, and provides recommendations for further evaluation and transition of this modeling capability to operational use.

Mehra, Avichal; Anantharaj, Valentine; Payne, Steve; Kantha, Lakshmi

1996-01-01

200

Design and development of Shuttle Get-Away-Special experiment G-0074. [off-load capability for a full-tank propellant acquisition system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An experiment to investigate more versatile, lower cost surface tension propellant acquisition approaches for future satellite and spacecraft propellant tanks is designed to demonstrate a propellant off-load capability for a full-tank gallery surface tension device, such as that employed in the shuttle reaction control subsystem, and demonstrate a low-cost refillable trap concept that could be used in future orbit maneuver propulsion systems for multiple engine restarts. A Plexiglas test tank, movie camera and lights, auxiliary liquid accumulator, control electronics, battery pack, and associated valving and plumbing are used. The test liquid is Freon 113, dyed blue for color movie coverage. The fully loaded experiments weighs 106 pounds and is to be installed in a NASA five-cubic-foot flight canister. Vibration tests, acoustic tests, and high and low temperature tests were performed to quality the experiment for flight.

Orton, G. F.

1984-01-01

201

An Assessment of Hickam Air Force Base's Capability to Support Strategic Airlift Throughput when Operating under an Avian Flu Pandemic  

SciTech Connect

Hickam Air Force Base (AFB), Hawaii provides an ideal waypoint for U.S. strategic airlift aircraft to refuel and receive other services on their way to Northeast and Southeast Asia from the continental United States. Hickam AFB also serves as a critical aerial port of debarkation (APOD) for deploying U.S. forces and equipment to more distant lands as needed. Making use of the United States Transportation Command’s Aerial Port of Debarkation Plus model, this paper examines the ability of Hickam AFB to serve in its important role as an APOD when operating under the effects of a major avian flu pandemic. In this regard, the major influence on Hickam AFB will be a serious degradation to the number of available personnel to service aircraft and operate Hickam AFB’s aerial port. It is noted that the results presented herein are based on simplistic attrition rate assumptions. Nonetheless, it is envisioned that this work is applicable to more realistic input attrition rates as avian flu epidemiological models are refined, as well as attrition associated with other types of contagious pandemic disease or willful biological warfare attack.

Brigantic, Robert T.; Campbell, James R.; Doctor, Pamela G.; Johnson, Alan; Coomber, P.

2006-03-10

202

Why the Capability Approach?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addressing operational challenges such as poverty or economic development, many researchers and practitioners wish to build upon insights raised by Sen's capability approach and related writings. This paper argues that the comprehensive reach and foundation of the human development and capability approach has a value independent from and additional to their practical outworkings, and yet also that operational specifications

Sabina Alkire

2005-01-01

203

Experimental Investigation of the Relationship between Operating Temperature and Power Handling Capability of High-Temperature Superconducting Dual-Band Bandpass Filter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper experimentally investigates the relationship between the operating temperature and the power handling capability (PHC) of a coplanar waveguide (CPW) high-temperature superconducting (HTS) dual-band bandpass filter (DBPF) using a YBCO thin film deposited on a MgO substrate. The PHC is evaluated based on the intermodulation distortion of the HTS-DBPF. Experimental results show that the PHC does not change depending on how signals are input to the passbands of the HTS-DBPF at 50 K, 60 K, and 70 K, which leads to a straightforward design of mobile communication systems.

Satoh, Kei; Takagi, Yuta; Narahashi, Shoichi; Nojima, Toshio

204

No Special Equipment Required: The Accessibility Features Built into the Windows and Macintosh Operating Systems make Computers Accessible for Students with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proliferation of computers and other electronic learning devices has made knowledge and communication accessible to people with a wide range of abilities. Both Windows and Macintosh computers have accessibility options to help with many different special needs. This documents discusses solutions for: (1) visual impairments; (2) hearing…

Kimball,Walter H.; Cohen,Libby G.; Dimmick,Deb; Mills,Rick

2003-01-01

205

14 CFR Appendix A to Part 372 - Overseas Military Personnel Charter Operator's Surety Bond Under Part 372 of the Special...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Special Regulations of the Department of Transportation (14 CFR Part 372...OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS...Special Regulations of the Department of Transportation (14 CFR Part...

2010-01-01

206

14 CFR Appendix A to Part 372 - Overseas Military Personnel Charter Operator's Surety Bond Under Part 372 of the Special...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Special Regulations of the Department of Transportation (14 CFR Part 372...OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS...Special Regulations of the Department of Transportation (14 CFR Part...

2009-01-01

207

Maintain Stability Operations Capability During Military Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Today, the United States has approximately 148,000 service members deployed or forward stationed in nearly 150 countries to support our nation s strategic political / military objectives. U.S. response to emerging megatrends of the 21st Century along with...

L. Terranova

2013-01-01

208

Land Capability.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the report is to study the relationship between land capability, or the relative potential for development or non-development, and the actual development of the land that has so far taken place. In this way, a more rational formulation of a...

1969-01-01

209

Comparison of the observation capability of an X-band phased-array radar with an X-band Doppler radar and S-band operational radar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An X-band phased-array meteorological radar (XPAR) was developed in China and will be installed in an airplane to observe precipitation systems for research purposes. In order to examine the observational capability of the XPAR and to test the operating mode and calibration before installation in the airplane, a mobile X-band Doppler radar (XDR) and XPAR were installed at the same site to observe convective precipitation events. Nearby S-band operational radar (SA) data were also collected to examine the reflectivity bias of XPAR. An algorithm for quantitative analysis of reflectivity and velocity differences and radar sensitivity of XPAR is presented. The reflectivity and velocity biases of XPAR are examined with SA and XDR. Reflectivity sensitivities, the horizontal and vertical structures of reflectivity by the three radars are compared and analyzed. The results indicated that while the XPRA with different operating modes can capture the main characteristic of 3D structures of precipitation, and the averaged reflectivity differences between XPAR and XDR, and XDR and SA, were 0.4 dB and 6.6 dB on 13 July and -4.5 dB and 5.1 dB on 2 August 2012, respectively. The minimum observed reflectivities at a range of 50 km for XPAR, XDR and SA were about 15.4 dB Z, 13.5 dB Z and -3.5 dB Z, respectively. The bias of velocity between XPAR and XDR was negligible. This study provides a possible method for the quantitative comparison of the XPAR data, as well as the sensitivity of reflectivity, calibration, gain and bias introduced by pulse compression.

Wu, Chong; Liu, Liping

2014-07-01

210

The Effect of Different Operations Modes on Science Capabilities During the 2010 Desert-RATS Test: Insights from the Geologist Crewmembers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The 2010 Desert RATS field test utilized two Space Exploration Vehicles (prototype planetary rovers) and four crewmembers (2 per rover) to conduct a geologic traverse across northern Arizona while testing continuous and twice-per-day communications paired with operation modes of separating and exploring individually (Divide & Conquer) and exploring together (Lead & Follow), respectively. This report provides qualitative conclusions from the geologist crewmembers involved in this test as to how these modes of communications and operations affected our ability to conduct field geology. Each mode of communication and operation provided beneficial capabilities that might be further explored for future Human Spaceflight Missions to other solar system objects. We find that more frequent interactions between crews and an Apollo-style Science Team on the Earth best enables scientific progress during human exploration. However, during multiple vehicle missions, this communication with an Earth-based team of scientists, who represent "more minds on the problem", should not come at the exclusion of (or significantly decrease) communication between the crewmembers in different vehicles who have the "eyes on the ground". Inter-crew communications improved when discussions with a backroom were infrequent. Both aspects are critical and cannot be mutually exclusive. Increased vehicle separation distances best enable encounters with multiple geologic units. However, seemingly redundant visits by multiple vehicles to the same feature can be utilized to provide improved process-related observations about the development and modification of the local terrain. We consider the value of data management, transfer, and accessibility to be the most important lesson learned. Crews and backrooms should have access to all data and related interpretations within the mission in as close to real-time conditions as possible. This ensures that while on another planetary surface, crewmembers are as educated as possible with respect to the observations and data they will need to collect at any moment.

Bleacher, Jacob E.; Hurtado, Jose M., Jr.; Young, Kelsey E.; Rice, James W., Jr.; Garry, W. Brent

2011-01-01

211

Thermal-Hydraulic Bases for the Safety Limits and Limiting Safety System Settings for HFIR Operation at 100 MW and 468 psig Primary Pressure, Using Specially Selected Fuel Elements  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes thermal hydraulic analyses performed to support HFIR operation at 100 MW and 468 psig pressure using specially selected fuel elements. The analyses were performed with the HFIR steady state heat transfer code, originally developed during HFIR design. This report addresses the increased core heat removal capability which can be achieved in fuel elements having coolant channel thicknesses that exceed the minimum requirements of the HFIR fuel fabrication specifications. Specific requirements for the minimum value of effective uniform as-built coolant channel thickness are established for fuel elements to be used at 100 MW. The burnout correlation currently used in the steady-state heat transfer code was also compared with more recent experimental results for stability of high-velocity flow in narrow heated channels, and the burnout correlation was found to be conservative with respect to flow stability at typical HFIR hot channel exit conditions at full power.

Rothrock, R.B.

1998-09-01

212

The special effort processing of FGGE data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The basic FGGE level IIb data set was enhanced. It focused on removing deficiencies in the objective methods of quality assurance, removing efficiencies in certain types of operationally produced satellite soundings, and removing deficiencies in certain types of operationally produced cloud tracked winds. The Special Effort was a joint NASA-NOAA-University of Wisconsin effort. The University of Wisconsin installed an interactive McIDAS capability on the Amdahl computer at the Goddard Laboratory of Atmospheric Sciences (GLAS) with one interactive video terminal at Goddard and the other at the World Weather Building. With this interactive capability a joint processing effort was undertaken to reprocess certain FGGE data sets. NOAA produced a specially edited data set for the special observing periods (SOPs) of FGGE. NASA produced an enhanced satellite sounding data set for the SOPs while the University of Wisconsin produced an enhanced cloud tracked wind set from the Japanese geostationary satellite images.

1983-01-01

213

14 CFR 61.77 - Special purpose pilot authorization: Operation of a civil aircraft of the United States and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...pilot authorization: Operation of a civil aircraft of the United States and leased by a...INSTRUCTORS, AND GROUND INSTRUCTORS Aircraft Ratings and Pilot Authorizations ...pilot authorization: Operation of a civil aircraft of the United States and leased by...

2014-01-01

214

Logistically Sustaining Afloat-Staged Special Operations Forces through an LPD-17 Class Single-Ship Seabase.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Today's global terrorist threat has the ability to operate in denied and sensitive regions of the world, performing missions to undermine government control through acts of violence delivered via unconventional methods. Operations against this type of ene...

C. A. Waldron

2007-01-01

215

Preoperative estimation of operative risk in liver surgery, with special reference to functional reserve of the remnant liver following major hepatic resection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hepatic functional reserve was evaluated in 76 patients with known liver, biliary tract or pancreas diseases using kinetic\\u000a analysis of removal of indocyanine green (ICG) with special reference to maximal removal rate (Rmax).\\u000a \\u000a In surgery other than hepatectomy, if ICG Rmax is below 0.4 mg\\/kg\\/min the operative risk should be considered high. In hepatic\\u000a surgery, even if ICG Rmax is

Ryuji Mizumoto; Yoshifumi Kawarada; Takashi Noguchi

1979-01-01

216

47 CFR 90.547 - Narrowband Interoperability channel capability requirement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Narrowband Interoperability channel capability requirement. 90.547 Section 90...SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Regulations... Narrowband Interoperability channel capability requirement. (a) Except...

2009-10-01

217

47 CFR 90.547 - Narrowband Interoperability channel capability requirement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Narrowband Interoperability channel capability requirement. 90.547 Section 90...SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Regulations... Narrowband Interoperability channel capability requirement. (a) Except...

2010-10-01

218

47 CFR 90.547 - Narrowband Interoperability channel capability requirement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Narrowband Interoperability channel capability requirement. 90.547 Section 90...SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Regulations... Narrowband Interoperability channel capability requirement. (a) Except...

2013-10-01

219

Evaluation of Various Dynamic Issues during Transient Operation of Turbocharged Diesel Engine with Special Reference to Friction Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The modeling of transient turbocharged diesel engine operation appeared in the early seventies and continues to be in the focal point of research, due to the importance of transient response in the everyday operating conditions of engines. The majority of research has focused so far on issues concerning thermodynamic modeling, as these directly affect heat release predictions and consequently performance

C. D. Rakopoulos; E. G. Giakoumis; A. M. Dimaratos

220

Application of fuzzy logic-neural network based reinforcement learning to proximity and docking operations: Special approach/docking testcase results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As part of the RICIS project, the reinforcement learning techniques developed at Ames Research Center are being applied to proximity and docking operations using the Shuttle and Solar Maximum Mission (SMM) satellite simulation. In utilizing these fuzzy learning techniques, we use the Approximate Reasoning based Intelligent Control (ARIC) architecture, and so we use these two terms interchangeably to imply the same. This activity is carried out in the Software Technology Laboratory utilizing the Orbital Operations Simulator (OOS) and programming/testing support from other contractor personnel. This report is the final deliverable D4 in our milestones and project activity. It provides the test results for the special testcase of approach/docking scenario for the shuttle and SMM satellite. Based on our experience and analysis with the attitude and translational controllers, we have modified the basic configuration of the reinforcement learning algorithm in ARIC. The shuttle translational controller and its implementation in ARIC is described in our deliverable D3. In order to simulate the final approach and docking operations, we have set-up this special testcase as described in section 2. The ARIC performance results for these operations are discussed in section 3 and conclusions are provided in section 4 along with the summary for the project.

Jani, Yashvant

1993-01-01

221

Environmental and Water Quality Operational Studies: Limnological Studies at Eau Galle, Lake, Wisconsin. Report 2. Special Studies and Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Eau Galle Lake was one of four Corps of Engineers reservoirs surveyed during the Environmental and Water Quality Operational Studies. Eau Galle Lake is a small flood control reservoir that receives high nutrient loads, experiences hypolimnetic anoxia, and...

R. H. Kennedy R. C. Gunkel

1987-01-01

222

Satellite-based Tropical Cyclone Monitoring Capabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Satellite remote sensing capabilities to monitor tropical cyclone (TC) location, structure, and intensity have evolved by utilizing a combination of operational and research and development (R&D) sensors. The microwave imagers from the operational Defense Meteorological Satellite Program [Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) and the Special Sensor Microwave Imager Sounder (SSMIS)] form the "base" for structure observations due to their ability to view through upper-level clouds, modest size swaths and ability to capture most storm structure features. The NASA TRMM microwave imager and precipitation radar continue their 15+ yearlong missions in serving the TC warning and research communities. The cessation of NASA's QuikSCAT satellite after more than a decade of service is sorely missed, but India's OceanSat-2 scatterometer is now providing crucial ocean surface wind vectors in addition to the Navy's WindSat ocean surface wind vector retrievals. Another Advanced Scatterometer (ASCAT) onboard EUMETSAT's MetOp-2 satellite is slated for launch soon. Passive microwave imagery has received a much needed boost with the launch of the French/Indian Megha Tropiques imager in September 2011, basically greatly supplementing the very successful NASA TRMM pathfinder with a larger swath and more frequent temporal sampling. While initial data issues have delayed data utilization, current news indicates this data will be available in 2013. Future NASA Global Precipitation Mission (GPM) sensors starting in 2014 will provide enhanced capabilities. Also, the inclusion of the new microwave sounder data from the NPP ATMS (Oct 2011) will assist in mapping TC convective structures. The National Polar orbiting Partnership (NPP) program's VIIRS sensor includes a day night band (DNB) with the capability to view TC cloud structure at night when sufficient lunar illumination exits. Examples highlighting this new capability will be discussed in concert with additional data fusion efforts.

Hawkins, J.; Richardson, K.; Surratt, M.; Yang, S.; Lee, T. F.; Sampson, C. R.; Solbrig, J.; Kuciauskas, A. P.; Miller, S. D.; Kent, J.

2012-12-01

223

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program May 2003 Intensive Operations Period Examining Aerosol Properties and Radiative Influences: Preface to Special Section  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Atmospheric aerosols influence climate by scattering and absorbing radiation in clear air (direct effects) and by serving as cloud condensation nuclei, modifying the microphysical properties of clouds, influencing radiation and precipitation development (indirect effects). Much of present uncertainty in forcing of climate change is due to uncertainty in the relations between aerosol microphysical and optical properties and their radiative influences (direct effects) and between microphysical properties and their ability to serve as cloud condensation nuclei at given supersaturations (indirect effects). This paper introduces a special section that reports on a field campaign conducted at the Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement site in North Central Oklahoma in May, 2003, examining these relations using in situ airborne measurements and surface-, airborne-, and space-based remote sensing.

Ferrare, Richard; Feingold, Graham; Ghan, Steven; Ogren, John; Schmid, Beat; Schwartz, Stephen E.; Sheridan, Pat

2006-01-01

224

A fast operator perturbation method for the solution of the special relativistic equation of radiative transfer in spherical symmetry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A fast method for the solution of the radiative transfer equation in rapidly moving spherical media, based on an approximate Lambda-operator iteration, is described. The method uses the short characteristic method and a tridiagonal approximate Lambda-operator to achieve fast convergence. The convergence properties and the CPU time requirements of the method are discussed for the test problem of a two-level atom with background continuum absorption and Thomson scattering. Details of the actual implementation for fast vector and parallel computers are given. The method is accurate and fast enough to be incorporated in radiation-hydrodynamic calculations.

Hauschildt, P. H.

1992-01-01

225

Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability  

SciTech Connect

The Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC) project is a Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored real-time emergency response service available for use by both federal and state agencies in case of a potential or actual atmospheric release of nuclear material. The project, initiated in 1972, is currently evolving from the research and development phase to full operation. Plans are underway to expand the existing capability to continuous operation by 1984 and to establish a National ARAC Center (NARAC) by 1988. This report describes the ARAC system, its utilization during the past two years, and plans for its expansion during the next five to six years. An integral part of this expansion is due to a very important and crucial effort sponsored by the Defense Nuclear Agency to extend the ARAC service to approximately 45 Department of Defense (DOD) sites throughout the continental US over the next three years.

Dickerson, M.H.; Gudiksen, P.H.; Sullivan, T.J.

1983-02-01

226

75 FR 70090 - Special Conditions: Bombardier Inc. Model CL-600-2E25 Airplane, Operation Without Normal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...command-by-wire (CBW) rudder-control system, which requires a source of continuous...electrical power to operate the control system. The current 14 CFR part 25...CL-600-2E25 will have a CBW rudder-control system that will affect the...

2010-11-17

227

The Operation of a Specialized Scientific Information and Data Analysis Center With Computer Base and Associated Communications Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Nuclear Safety Information Center (NSIC) is a highly sophisticated scientific information center operated at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Its information file, which consists of both data and bibliographic information, is computer stored and numerous programs have been developed to facilitate the…

Cottrell, William B.; And Others

228

Enhanced Rescue Lift Capability  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The evolving and ever-increasing demands of emergency response and disaster relief support provided by rotorcraft dictate, among other things, the development of enhanced rescue lift capability for these platforms. This preliminary analysis is first-order in nature but provides considerable insight into some of the challenges inherent in trying to effect rescue using a unique form of robotic rescue device deployed and operated from rotary-wing aerial platforms.

Young, Larry A.

2007-01-01

229

Space Shuttle utilization characteristics with special emphasis on payload design, economy of operation and effective space exploitation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The reusable manned Space Shuttle has made new and innovative payload planning a reality and opened the door to a variety of payload concepts formerly unavailable in routine space operations. In order to define the payload characteristics and program strategies, current Shuttle-oriented programs are presented: NASA's Space Telescope, the Long Duration Exposure Facility, the West German Shuttle Pallet Satellite, and the Goddard Space Flight Center's Multimission Modular Spacecraft. Commonality of spacecraft design and adaptation for specific mission roles minimizes payload program development and STS integration costs. Commonality of airborne support equipment assures the possibility of multiple program space operations with the Shuttle. On-orbit maintenance and repair was suggested for the module and system levels. Program savings from 13 to over 50% were found obtainable by the Shuttle over expendable launch systems, and savings from 17 to 45% were achievable by introducing reuse into the Shuttle-oriented programs.

Turner, D. N.

1981-01-01

230

Medical vest broadens treatment capability  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Universal sized vest, with specially tailored pockets designed to hold medical supplies, provides first aid/first care medical teams with broadened on-site capability. Vest is made of nylon, tough fibrous materials, and polyvinyl chloride. Design facilitates rapid donning, doffing, and adjustment.

Johnson, G. S.

1970-01-01

231

ICPP special fuels canning and characterization facility  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is the owner of, or has on consignment, a large quantity of nuclear fuel and targets from a variety of nuclear reactors. The majority of this inventory is associated with the nuclear materials production (NMP) complex. This material must be disposed in a safe an controlled manner. The special Fuels Canning and Characterization Facility (SFCCF) is required to characterize, verify the storage can contents, and, if necessary, recan the special fuels to help ensure safe, interim storage (i.e. fission product containment and criticality control) until a special fuels disposal facility is operating, regardless of which disposal technique is adopted. The SFCCF would be located at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) and would include the capability to condition the special fuels in preparation for final disposal.

Sire, D.L.; Frandsen, G.B.; Henry, R.N. (Westinghouse Idaho Nuclear Co., Idaho Falls (United States))

1992-01-01

232

Special Days, Special Ways.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents unique ways to create special rituals that recognize individual students' achievements and milestones. Ideas include throwing a send-off party for a student who is moving; holding monthly birthday luncheons; choosing an ambassador to accompany new students around school; and making a lost tooth container that students can use to safely…

Clarke, Jacqueline

2001-01-01

233

National transportable telecommunications capability  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The chance to integrate two emerging telecommunications technologies together, the Ku-band satellite communication (SATCOM) and cellular, offered the unique opportunity to package a truly stand-alone capability to reconstitute telecommuications service. Terrestrial cellular telephone services have proven to be an essential tool for dealing with local emergencies to the extent that they survive and remain operable, as in the San Francisco earthquake. Cellular telephones can provide emergency coordinators the flexibility of wireless mobility in the field via the Public Switched Network (PSN) to coordinate emergency services. However, not all areas are covered by cellular service; existing cellular and PSN service availability could be limited by the congestion and competition for the dial tone that occurs in emergencies. It was realized that a critical need exists for a rapidly deployable stand-alone cellular capability coupled with alternate connectivity to bypass congested or damaged PSN links. Existing commercial Ku-band satellite communications have provided alternate routing links in some cases to support emergency communications. An emergency operational capability was conceived that integrates these technologies into a rapidly deployable and transportable package that provides both local and long distance telephone services to an area that has suffered widespread telecommunications outages or has been totally isolated from the world.

Boheim, Kenneth B.; Bach, Beverly

1991-01-01

234

National transportable telecommunications capability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The chance to integrate two emerging telecommunications technologies together, the Ku-band satellite communication (SATCOM) and cellular, offered the unique opportunity to package a truly stand-alone capability to reconstitute telecommuications service. Terrestrial cellular telephone services have proven to be an essential tool for dealing with local emergencies to the extent that they survive and remain operable, as in the San Francisco earthquake. Cellular telephones can provide emergency coordinators the flexibility of wireless mobility in the field via the Public Switched Network (PSN) to coordinate emergency services. However, not all areas are covered by cellular service; existing cellular and PSN service availability could be limited by the congestion and competition for the dial tone that occurs in emergencies. It was realized that a critical need exists for a rapidly deployable stand-alone cellular capability coupled with alternate connectivity to bypass congested or damaged PSN links. Existing commercial Ku-band satellite communications have provided alternate routing links in some cases to support emergency communications. An emergency operational capability was conceived that integrates these technologies into a rapidly deployable and transportable package that provides both local and long distance telephone services to an area that has suffered widespread telecommunications outages or has been totally isolated from the world.

Boheim, Kenneth B.; Bach, Beverly

1991-09-01

235

A novel cryotherapy compression wrap in the management of acute ankle sprains: potential use for special operators on the battlefield.  

PubMed

Objective: Musculoskeletal injuries related to training and operational missions frequently affect military personnel. A common treatment for these injuries is the PRICE (protection, rest, ice, compression, and elevation) method, which is time consuming and impractical in the field. Therefore, the primary objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the cryotherapy wrap compared to a traditional treatment in the management of acute ankle sprains. Methods: A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in a university research laboratory with 13 subjects (9 males and 4 females) with the following physical characteristics: age (yr) 20.6 ? 2.2, height (cm) 177.0 ? 14.3, weight (kg) 76.6 ? 20.6, and body mass index (kg/m2) 24.1 ? 3.7. Participants were instructed to perform PRICE with a traditional ice pack and compression wrap (control group) or with an Arctic Ease? cryotherapy wrap (test group) for 48 hours following enrollment in the study. The Numeric Pain Scale, Foot and Ankle Ability Measure, and ankle/foot volumetric measurement were performed at initial presentation and 24-hour, 48-hour, and 7-day follow-up intervals. Results: While the comparison of the Numeric Pain Scale scores, Foot and Ankle Ability Measure scores, and volumetric changes between groups revealed no statistically significant differences (p > 0.01), there was an 86% compliance rate for subjects in the cryotherapy wrap group compared to a 17% compliance rate of subjects in the control group. Conclusions: The cryotherapy wraps performed comparably to ice therapy and therefore may be especially applicable to military personnel required to operate in austere and hostile environments where traditional therapies are unrealistic. Although this pilot study did not demonstrate that the cryotherapy wraps produce statistically superior results, trends emerged in the data suggesting that subject compliance rate may be improved by using an alternative form of cryotherapy compression, which could lead to better management of pain, edema, and functional recovery. Future research should include a larger sample size to verify this claim. PMID:23536452

Boland, Mark; Mulligan, Ivan; Payette, Justin; Serres, Jennifer; O'Hara, Reginald; Maupin, Genny

2012-01-01

236

High speed flux feedback for tuning a universal field oriented controller capable of operating in direct and indirect field orientation modes  

DOEpatents

The direct (d) and quadrature (q) components of flux, as sensed by flux sensors or determined from voltage and current measurements in a direct field orientation scheme, are processed rapidly and accurately to provide flux amplitude and angular position values for use by the vector rotator of a universal field-oriented (UFO) controller. Flux amplitude (linear or squared) is provided as feedback to tune the UFO controller for operation in direct and indirect field orientation modes and enables smooth transitions from one mode to the other. 3 figs.

De Doncker, R.W.A.A.

1992-09-01

237

High speed flux feedback for tuning a universal field oriented controller capable of operating in direct and indirect field orientation modes  

DOEpatents

The direct (d) and quadrature (q) components of flux, as sensed by flux sensors or determined from voltage and current measurements in a direct field orientation scheme, are processed rapidly and accurately to provide flux amplitude and angular position values for use by the vector rotator of a universal field-oriented (UFO) controller. Flux amplitude (linear or squared) is provided as feedback to tune the UFO controller for operation in direct and indirect field orientation modes and enables smooth transitions from one mode to the other.

De Doncker, Rik W. A. A. (Schenectady, NY)

1992-01-01

238

New PAMTRAK video and interface capabilities  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) mission is changing due to the number of nuclear weapon reductions by the United States and the former Soviet Union, and increasing long-term storage requirements for DOE sites. New techniques to ensure the integrity of special nuclear material (SNM) in storage are available to sites to supplement manual physical inventories, thus allowing them to decrease operating costs while keeping radiation exposure at minimal levels. To help ensure the integrity of SNM Sandia National Laboratories has developed a generic, real time, personnel tracking and material monitoring system named PAMTRAK. PAMTRAK can significantly reduce the number of required manual physical inventories at DOE sites while increasing assurance that an insider has not diverted or stolen material. This paper describes two new capabilities that we have recently added to PAMTRAK; a video motion detection subsystem, and a communication interface to other systems.

Anspach, J. [EG and G Energy Measurements, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Kirtland Operations

1994-08-01

239

Special Operations Research Topics 2014.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The JSOU Research Topics 2014 list represents an effort to identify, categorize, and list SOF-related research topics for research by PME students, JSOU Senior Fellows, and other SOF researchers who desire to make timely and meaningful contributions to SO...

2014-01-01

240

Special Operational Data Collection Plans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper developes techniques to determine sample size and sampling duration when measuring mean time between failures and mean time to repair. The exponential, normal and log normal distributions are considered. (Author)

L. Weglarz

1971-01-01

241

14 CFR Appendix A to Part 380 - Public Charter Operator's Surety Bond Under Part 380 of the Special Regulations of the Department...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Special Regulations of the Department of Transportation (14 CFR Part 380...OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS...Special Regulations of the Department of Transportation (14 CFR...

2009-01-01

242

14 CFR Appendix A to Part 380 - Public Charter Operator's Surety Bond Under Part 380 of the Special Regulations of the Department...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Special Regulations of the Department of Transportation (14 CFR Part 380...OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS...Special Regulations of the Department of Transportation (14 CFR...

2010-01-01

243

Demystifying Special Education in Virtual Charter Schools. Special Report. Primers on Special Education in Charter Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special report is a supplement to a series of special education primers created to inform state officials, authorizers and charter school operators about special education in the charter sector. The primer series also provides tools to help these stakeholders build charter school capacity to provide special education and related services. In…

Rhim, Lauren Morando; Kowal, Julie

2008-01-01

244

Satellite observations of a polar low over the Norwegian Sea by Special Sensor Microwave Imager, Geosat, and TIROS-N Operational Vertical Sounder  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Many polar lows are generated at the boundary between sea ice and the ocean, in regions of large temperature gradients, where in situ observations are rare or nonexistent. Since satellite observations are frequent in high-latitude regions, they can be used to detect polar lows and track their propagation and evolution. The Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) providing estimates of surface wind speed, integrated cloud liquid water content, water vapor content, and precipitation size ice-scattering signal over the ocean; the Geosat radar altimeter measuring surface wind speed and significant wave height; and the TIROS-N Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS) allowing the determination of temperature and humidity profiles in the atmosphere have been used in synergy for a specific case which occurred in the Norwegian Sea on January, 23-24 1988. All three instruments show sharp atmospheric gradients associated with the propagation of this low across the ocean, which permit the detection of the polar low at a very early stage and tracking it during its development, propagation, and decay. The wind speed gradients are measured with good qualitative agreement between the altimeter and SSM/I. TOVS retrieved fields prior to the formation of the low confirm the presence of an upper level trough, while during the mature phase baroclinicity can be observed in the 1000-500 hPa geopotential thicknesses.

Claud, Chantal; Mognard, Nelly M.; Katsaros, Kristina B.; Chedin, Alain; Scott, Noelle A.

1993-01-01

245

Understanding Airfield Capability for Airlift Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

What is the capacity of an airfield-how many aircraft can it service in a day. The realistic answer must be, 'It depends.' It depends on the usability of different areas of the airfield for parking different types of aircraft, on the changing mix of cargo...

A. Giarla A. A. Gerner J. P. Stucker R. T. Berg W. L. Spencer

1998-01-01

246

U.S. capability for commercial launches  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses the U.S. capability to perform commercial space missions using expendable launch vehicles (ELVs). The evolution of the present capability is reviewed and the importance of ELV reliability, performance growth, and costs are discussed. Near future U.S. ELV operations and capabilities in support of commercial missions are outlined.

Teeter, R.

1982-10-01

247

Mobile systems capability plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan was prepared to initiate contracting for and deployment of these mobile system services. 102,000 cubic meters of retrievable, contact-handled TRU waste are stored at many sites around the country. Also, an estimated 38,000 cubic meters of TRU waste will be generated in the course of waste inventory workoff and continuing DOE operations. All the defense TRU waste is destined for disposal in WIPP near Carlsbad NM. To ship TRU waste there, sites must first certify that the waste meets WIPP waste acceptance criteria. The waste must be characterized, and if not acceptable, subjected to additional processing, including repackaging. Most sites plan to use existing fixed facilities or open new ones between FY1997-2006 to perform these functions; small-quantity sites lack this capability. An alternative to fixed facilities is the use of mobile systems mounted in trailers or skids, and transported to sites. Mobile systems will be used for all characterization and certification at small sites; large sites can also use them. The Carlsbad Area Office plans to pursue a strategy of privatization of mobile system services, since this offers a number of advantages. To indicate the possible magnitude of the costs of deploying mobile systems, preliminary estimates of equipment, maintenance, and operating costs over a 10-year period were prepared and options for purchase, lease, and privatization through fixed-price contracts considered.

NONE

1996-09-01

248

SAPHIRE 8 New Features and Capabilities  

SciTech Connect

The Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) software performs probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) calculations. SAPHIRE is used in support of NRC’s risk-informed programs such as the Accident Sequence Precursor (ASP) program, Management Directive 8.3, “NRC Incident Investigation Program,” or the Significance Determination Process (SDP). It is also used to develop and run the Standardized Plant Analysis Risk (SPAR) models. SAPHIRE Version 8 is a new version of the software with an improved interface and capabilities to support risk-informed programs. SAPHIRE Version 8 is designed to easily handle larger and more complex models. Applications of previous SAPHIRE versions indicated the need to build and solve models with a large number of sequences. Risk assessments that include endstate evaluations for core damage frequency and large, early release frequency evaluations have greatly increased the number of sequences required. In addition, the complexity of the models has increased since risk assessments evaluate both potential internal and external events, as well as different plant operational states. Special features of SAPHIRE 8 help create and run integrated models which may be composed of different model types. SAPHIRE 8 includes features and capabilities that are new or improved over the current Version 7 to address the new requirements for risk-informed programs and SPAR models. These include: • Improved User Interfaces • Model development • Methods • General Support Features

Curtis Smith

2008-08-01

249

IAC-1.5 - INTEGRATED ANALYSIS CAPABILITY  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of the Integrated Analysis Capability (IAC) system is to provide a highly effective, interactive analysis tool for the integrated design of large structures. IAC was developed to interface programs from the fields of structures, thermodynamics, controls, and system dynamics with an executive system and a database to yield a highly efficient multi-disciplinary system. Special attention is given to user requirements such as data handling and on-line assistance with operational features, and the ability to add new modules of the user's choice at a future date. IAC contains an executive system, a database, general utilities, interfaces to various engineering programs, and a framework for building interfaces to other programs. IAC has shown itself to be effective in automating data transfer among analysis programs. The IAC system architecture is modular in design. 1) The executive module contains an input command processor, an extensive data management system, and driver code to execute the application modules. 2) Technical modules provide standalone computational capability as well as support for various solution paths or coupled analyses. 3) Graphics and model generation modules are supplied for building and viewing models. 4) Interface modules provide for the required data flow between IAC and other modules. 5) User modules can be arbitrary executable programs or JCL procedures with no pre-defined relationship to IAC. 6) Special purpose modules are included, such as MIMIC (Model Integration via Mesh Interpolation Coefficients), which transforms field values from one model to another; LINK, which simplifies incorporation of user specific modules into IAC modules; and DATAPAC, the National Bureau of Standards statistical analysis package. The IAC database contains structured files which provide a common basis for communication between modules and the executive system, and can contain unstructured files such as NASTRAN checkpoint files, DISCOS plot files, object code, etc. The user can define groups of data and relations between them. A full data manipulation and query system operates with the database. The current interface modules comprise five groups: 1) Structural analysis - IAC contains a NASTRAN interface for standalone analysis or certain structural/control/thermal combinations. IAC provides enhanced structural capabilities for normal modes and static deformation analysis via special DMAP sequences. 2) Thermal analysis - IAC supports finite element and finite difference techniques for steady state or transient analysis. There are interfaces for the NASTRAN thermal analyzer, SINDA/SINFLO, and TRASYS II. 3) System dynamics - A DISCOS interface allows full use of this simulation program for either nonlinear time domain analysis or linear frequency domain analysis. 4) Control analysis - Interfaces for the ORACLS, SAMSAN, NBOD2, and INCA programs allow a wide range of control system analyses and synthesis techniques. 5) Graphics - The graphics packages PLOT and MOSAIC are included in IAC. PLOT generates vector displays of tabular data in the form of curves, charts, correlation tables, etc., while MOSAIC generates color raster displays of either tabular of array type data. Either DI3000 or PLOT-10 graphics software is required for full graphics capability. IAC is available by license for a period of 10 years to approved licensees. The licensed program product includes one complete set of supporting documentation. Additional copies of the documentation may be purchased separately. IAC is written in FORTRAN 77 and has been implemented on a DEC VAX series computer operating under VMS. IAC can be executed by multiple concurrent users in batch or interactive mode. The basic central memory requirement is approximately 750KB. IAC includes the executive system, graphics modules, a database, general utilities, and the interfaces to all analysis and controls programs described above. Source code is provided for the control programs ORACLS, SAMSAN, NBOD2, and DISCOS. The following programs are also available from COSMIC a

Vos, R. G.

1994-01-01

250

Dynamic capabilities and strategic management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dynamic capabilities framework analyzes the sources and methods of wealth creation and capture by private enterprise firms operating in environments of rapid technological change. The competitive advantage of firms is seen as resting on distinctive processes (ways of coordinating and combining), shaped by the firm's (specific) asset positions (such as the firm's portfolio of difftcult-to- trade knowledge assets and

David J. Teece; Gary Pisano; Amy Shuen

1997-01-01

251

Enabling autonomous capabilities in underwater robotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Underwater operations present unique challenges and opportunities for robotic applications. These can be at- tributed in part to limited sensing capabilities, and to lo- comotion behaviours requiring control schemes adapted to specific tasks or changes in the environment. From enhancing teleoperation procedures, to providing high-level instruction, all the way to fully autonomous operations, enabling autonomous capabilities is fundamental for the

Junaed Sattar; Gregory Dudek; Olivia Chiu; Ioannis M. Rekleitis; Philippe Giguère; Alec Mills; Nicolas Plamondon; Chris Prahacs; Yogesh Girdhar; Meyer Nahon; John-paul Lobos

2008-01-01

252

Special Relativity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website presents the user with the principles of the theory of Special Relativity. Addressing from Maxwell's first approach, to Lorentz transformations and Special Relativity consequences, like time dilation. The information is simple, but thoroughly presented, making it ideal for the non-scientist

Brewer, Jess

2009-06-10

253

Mission operations systems for planetary exploration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of the paper is twofold: (1) to present an overview of the processes comprising planetary mission operations as conducted at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and (2) to present a project-specific and historical context within which this evolving process functions. In order to accomplish these objectives, the generic uplink and downlink functions are described along with their specialization to current flight projects. Also, new multimission capabilities are outlined, including prototyping of advanced-capability software for subsequent incorporation into more automated future operations. Finally, a specific historical ground is provided by listing some major operations software plus a genealogy of planetary missions beginning with Mariner 2 in 1962.

Mclaughlin, William I.; Wolff, Donna M.

1988-01-01

254

A Baseline Space Weather Forecast Capability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Because of the great cost to “operationalize” space weather forecasting products, operational space weather forecasters must rely on many outdated models and techniques. There are several efforts to correct this and provide operational space weather organizations with up to date capabilities. One such effort is being pursued by the Air Force Research Laboratory’s Space Weather Forecasting Laboratory (SWFL). As an important first step in SWFL’s effort to create a forecasting capability for the DoD we are developing a baseline forecast capability that will serve as a standard from which our forecasting improvements will be measured. This baseline will be comprised of current operational models where they are available and otherwise vetted community models where operational capabilities do not currently exist. In this presentation we will describe the baseline capability and discuss the validation effort to date.

Young, S. L.; Quinn, J.; Johnston, J. C.; Space Weather Forecasting Laboratory

2010-12-01

255

FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE, RISK, AND SPECIALIZATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of Kansas farms was used to examine the impact of risk and specialization on mean financial performance. Mean financial performance was hypothesized to be influenced by risk, age of the operator, percentage of acres owned, financial efficiency, leverage, specialization, and farm size. Risk, age of operator, financial efficiency, and farm size had the largest impacts on mean financial

Barry M. Purdy; Michael R. Langemeier; Allen M. Featherstone

1997-01-01

256

Flex: RSRE's capability computer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Flex capability based computer architecture is described. It supports a multilanguage environment, and compilers for ALGOL 168 and PASCAL exist; an Ada compiler is being completed. The idea of capabilities is used on backing store as well as main store, so that all kinds of structured object which can be held in main store can also be held on any of the packing stores with the same degree of protection. Capabilities are used across a network of Flex computers, so that capabilities for data in one machine may be passed to and held in another. Flex uses true procedure values in the sense of Landin (1964).

Foster, J. M.

257

Special Delivery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Specialized publications such as "Opera News,""Gourmet," and "Forbes" can bring an institution's story to targeted audiences. The experiences of Chautauqua Institution are described. Some of the benefits of marketing articles to these publications are discussed. (MLW)

Zimmer, Phil

1986-01-01

258

Special Observations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The wind or temperature profiler is a new special observation device designed to supplement traditional atmospheric measurement and provide more accurate middle-range forecasts, including aviation and space applications. Radar is most useful in the short,...

D. Beran

1988-01-01

259

Widening Participation; Widening Capability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes that widening participation in higher education might distinctively be conceptualised beyond economically driven human capital outcomes, as a matter of widening capability. Specifically, the paper proposes forming the capability of students to become and to be "strong evaluators", able to make reflexive and informed choices…

Walker, Melanie

2008-01-01

260

Engineering Capabilities and Partnerships  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the engineering capabilities at Johnson Space Center, The presentation also reviews the partnerships that have resulted in successfully designed and developed projects that involved commercial and educational institutions.

Poulos, Steve

2010-01-01

261

Assessing Full Spectrum BCT Engineer Capability.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The full spectrum doctrine of the U.S. Army places additional emphasis on engineer units to support offensive, defensive, stability, and civil support operations, yet organic engineer capability was reduced in the BCTs. This thesis attempts to determine i...

C. A. Morgan

2009-01-01

262

Metrology measurement capability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the past 36 years, the Kansas City Division's (KCD) Metrology Department has developed measurement technology and calibration capability in four major areas of measurement: (1) Mechanical; (2) Environmental, Gas, Liquid; Electrical (D.C., A.C., RF/Microwave); and (3) Optical and Radiation. The capabilities developed include unique capabilities in many areas of measurement and engineering expertise to develop measurement techniques and resolve measurement problems in these major areas. KCD Metrology was established in 1958 to provide a measurement base for the Kansas City Plant. The Metrology Engineering Department provides the expertise to develop measurement capabilities for virtually any type of measurement which falls into the broad areas listed above. The engineering staff currently averages almost 19 years of measurement experience. A strong audit function has been developed to provide a means to evaluate the calibration programs of our suppliers and internal calibration organizations. This evaluation includes measurement audits and technical surveys. The requirements placed on Metrology require traceability of measurements to the National Institute of Standards and Technology or to nationally recognized methods or natural phenomena. A description of Metrology capabilities, traceability flow charts, and the measurement uncertainty of each of the measurement capabilities is contained in the following pages.

Shroyer, K.

1995-01-01

263

Special Distributions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online, interactive lesson on special distributions provides examples, exercises, and applets covering normal, gamma, chi-square, student t, F, bivariate, normal, multivariate normal, beta, weibull, zeta, pareto, logistic, lognormal, and extreme value distributions. Overall, this lesson covers a plethora of topics, and for this reason, is a valuable resource.

Siegrist, Kyle

2008-12-24

264

Special Consideration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how technology is providing students with unique challenges the regular, personalized assessments they need which yearly state assessments fail to do. Special education students--whether they have emotional or learning problems, English language deficiencies, or simply bad dispositions--are poorly served by one-size-fits-all…

Starkman, Neal

2007-01-01

265

Special Relativity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site presents the fundamental concepts of Special Relativity along with some more advanced topics. The relativity postulates are used to explain consequences of the theory, such as time dilation, finite maximum speed, and the Lorentz Transformation. Images and animations are used extensively.

Hamilton, Andrew

2007-05-21

266

Fan Flutter Analysis Capability Enhanced  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The trend in the design of advanced transonic fans for aircraft engines has been toward the use of complex high-aspect-ratio blade geometries with a larger number of blades and higher loading. In addition, integrally bladed disks or blisks are being considered in fan designs for their potential to reduce manufacturing costs, weight, and complexity by eliminating attachments. With such design trends, there is an increased possibility within the operating region of part-speed stall flutter (self-excited vibrations) that is exacerbated by the reduced structural damping of blisk fans. To verify the aeroelastic soundness of the design, the NASA Glenn Research Center is developing and validating an accurate aeroelastic prediction and analysis capability. Recently, this capability was enhanced significantly as described here.

Bakhle, Milind A.; Srivastava, Rakesh; Stefko, George L.

2001-01-01

267

Commutating SOA capability of power DMOS FETs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measured characteristics are presented of the fast-recovery diode in a DMOS FET, its commutating safe operating area (CSOA) limitations, and the physical model of its operation and failure. Device optimization to improve the CSOA performance is discussed and demonstrated with a new generation of DMOS FETs which are specially developed for industrial motor control applications. A standard 500 V DMOS

A. Tsui; H. Yilmaz; I. Hshieh; M. Chang; T. Fortier

1990-01-01

268

Photovoltaic Systems Test Facilities: Existing capabilities compilation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A general description of photovoltaic systems test facilities (PV-STFs) operated under the U.S. Department of Energy's photovoltaics program is given. Descriptions of a number of privately operated facilities having test capabilities appropriate to photovoltaic hardware development are given. A summary of specific, representative test capabilities at the system and subsystem level is presented for each listed facility. The range of system and subsystem test capabilities available to serve the needs of both the photovoltaics program and the private sector photovoltaics industry is given.

Volkmer, K.

1982-01-01

269

Special Rules for Special Ed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School districts are on safer legal ground if they recommend appropriate educational services for each special-needs child, convene parents and school personnel for Individual Education Plan meetings, make placement decisions based on individualized, thorough evaluations; document alternative options; develop behavior-management programs, and use…

Weatherly, Julie J.

2000-01-01

270

Test Laboratory Facilities and Capabilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Test Laboratory at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, located inside the boundaries of 40,000 acre Redstone Arsenal military reservation, has over 50 test facilities across 400+ acres, many inside an additional secure, fenced area. About 150 Government and 250 contractor personnel operate test facilities capable of all types of propulsion and structural testing, from small components to engine systems and structural strength/dynamic and environmental testing. We have tremendous engineering expertise in research, evaluation, analysis, design and development, and test of space transportation systems, subsystems, and components.

Hamilton, Jeff

2004-01-01

271

Project CAPABLE: Model Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project CAPABLE (Classroom Action Program: Aim: Basic Learning Effectiveness) is a classroom approach which integrates the basic learning skills with content. The goal of the project is to use basic learning skills to enhance the learning of content and at the same time use the content to teach basic learning skills. This manual illustrates how…

Madawaska School District, ME.

272

Metrology Measurement Capabilities  

SciTech Connect

This document contains descriptions of Federal Manufacturing & Technologies (FM&T) Metrology capabilities, traceability flow charts, and the measurement uncertainty of each measurement capability. Metrology provides NIST traceable precision measurements or equipment calibration for a wide variety of parameters, ranges, and state-of-the-art uncertainties. Metrology laboratories conform to the requirements of the Department of Energy Development and Production Manual Chapter 13.2, ANSI/ISO/IEC ANSI/ISO/IEC 17025:2005, and ANSI/NCSL Z540-1. FM&T Metrology laboratories are accredited by NVLAP for the parameters, ranges, and uncertainties listed in the specific scope of accreditation under NVLAP Lab code 200108-0. See the Internet at http://ts.nist.gov/Standards/scopes/2001080.pdf. These parameters are summarized. The Honeywell Federal Manufacturing & Technologies (FM&T) Metrology Department has developed measurement technology and calibration capability in four major fields of measurement: (1) Mechanical; (2) Environmental, Gas, Liquid; (3) Electrical (DC, AC, RF/Microwave); and (4) Optical and Radiation. Metrology Engineering provides the expertise to develop measurement capabilities for virtually any type of measurement in the fields listed above. A strong audit function has been developed to provide a means to evaluate the calibration programs of our suppliers and internal calibration organizations. Evaluation includes measurement audits and technical surveys.

Dr. Glen E. Gronniger

2007-10-02

273

Sensor Alerting Capability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is a large amount of sensor data generated today by various sensors, from in-situ buoys to mobile underwater gliders. Providing sensor data to the users through standardized services, language and data model is the promise of OGC's Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) initiative. As the amount of data grows it is becoming difficult for data providers, planners and managers to ensure reliability of data and services and to monitor critical data changes. Intelligent Automation Inc. (IAI) is developing a net-centric alerting capability to address these issues. The capability is built on Sensor Observation Services (SOSs), which is used to collect and monitor sensor data. The alerts can be configured at the service level and at the sensor data level. For example it can alert for irregular data delivery events or a geo-temporal statistic of sensor data crossing a preset threshold. The capability provides multiple delivery mechanisms and protocols, including traditional techniques such as email and RSS. With this capability decision makers can monitor their assets and data streams, correct failures or be alerted about a coming phenomena.

Henriksson, Jakob; Bermudez, Luis; Satapathy, Goutam

2013-04-01

274

Exploration Medical Capability  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Exploration Medical Capability (ExMC) is an element of NASA's Human Research Program (HRP). ExMC's goal is to address the risk of the Inability to Adequately Recognize or Treat an Ill or Injured Crewmember. This poster highlights the approach ExMC has taken to address this goal and our current areas of interest. The Space Medicine Exploration Medical Condition List (SMEMCL) was created to identify medical conditions of concern during exploration missions. The list was derived from space flight medical incidents, the shuttle medical checklist, the International Space Station medical checklist, and expert opinion. The conditions on the list were prioritized according to mission type by a panel comprised of flight surgeons, physician astronauts, engineers, and scientists. From the prioritized list, the ExMC element determined the capabilities needed to address the medical conditions of concern. Where such capabilities were not currently available, a gap was identified. The element s research plan outlines these gaps and the tasks identified to achieve the desired capabilities for exploration missions. This poster is being presented to inform the audience of the gaps and tasks being investigated by ExMC and to encourage discussions of shared interests and possible future collaborations.

Watkins, Sharmila; Baumann, David; Wu, Jimmy; Barsten, Kristina

2010-01-01

275

Specialized progenitors and regeneration  

PubMed Central

Planarians are flatworms capable of regenerating all body parts. Planarian regeneration requires neoblasts, a population of dividing cells that has been studied for over a century. Neoblast progeny generate new cells of blastemas, which are the regenerative outgrowths at wounds. If the neoblasts comprise a uniform population of cells during regeneration (e.g. they are all uncommitted and pluripotent), then specialization of new cell types should occur in multipotent, non-dividing neoblast progeny cells. By contrast, recent data indicate that some neoblasts express lineage-specific transcription factors during regeneration and in uninjured animals. These observations raise the possibility that an important early step in planarian regeneration is the specialization of neoblasts to produce specified rather than naïve blastema cells.

Reddien, Peter W.

2013-01-01

276

47 CFR 25.257 - Special requirements for operations in the band 29.1-29.25 GHz between NGSO MSS and LMDS.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MSS) operators shall be licensed to use the 29.1-29.25 GHz band for Earth-to-space transmissions from feeder link earth station complexes. A âfeeder link earth station complexâ may include up to three (3) earth station groups,...

2013-10-01

277

Special features in the effect of sulfur compounds in a gaseous flow of combustion products containing seawater salts on the thermal fatigue fracture of operating turbine blades  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the actual operating conditions of ship gas turbines are characterized bythe presence of seawater salts entering the engine from the atmosphere, as well as an increased content of sulfur compounds in the gas flow, in the present investigation we have studied the combined action of these corrosive components on the thermal cycling endurance of turbine blades. The concentrations of

G. N. Tret'yachenko; É. P. Kosygin

1979-01-01

278

47 CFR 25.253 - Special requirements for ancillary terrestrial components operating in the 1626.5-1660.5 MHz/1525...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...assignment. (2) Be operated in a fashion that takes all practicable steps to avoid causing interference to U.S. radio astronomy service (RAS) observations in the 1660-1660.5 MHz band. (3) Not generate EIRP density, averaged over any...

2011-10-01

279

Special Diagnostics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This section contains a number of special diagnostics that are designed to examine certain mechanisms. Section 1 reports on the method used to test the photochemical partitioning in the models. Sections 2 and 3 represent efforts to examine the model calculated production and removal rates for ozone and how the values are combined with transport rates in the models to produce the simulated ozone distributions. Sections 4 and 5 concentrate on polar processes including the dynamics aspect of vortex confinement and the chemical aspects of chlorine activation.

Ko, Malcolm K. W.; Salawitch, Ross J.; Jackman, Charles H.; Considine, David B.; Douglass, Anne R.

1999-01-01

280

Metrology Measurement Capabilities  

SciTech Connect

This document contains descriptions of Federal Manufacturing & Technologies (FM&T) Metrology capabilities, traceability flow charts, and the measurement uncertainty of each measurement capability. Metrology provides NIST traceable precision measurements or equipment calibration for a wide variety of parameters, ranges, and state-of-the-art uncertainties. Metrology laboratories conform to the requirements of the Department of Energy Development and Production Manual Chapter 8.4, ANSI/ISO/IEC ANSI/ISO/IEC 17025:2000, and ANSI/NCSL Z540-1 (equivalent to ISO Guide 25). FM&T Metrology laboratories are accredited by NVLAP for the parameters, ranges, and uncertainties listed in the specific scope of accreditation under NVLAP Lab code 200108-0. See the Internet at http://ts.nist.gov/ts/htdocs/210/214/scopes/2001080.pdf. These parameters are summarized in the table at the bottom of this introduction.

Barnes, L.M.

2003-11-12

281

Group Capability Model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Group Capability Model (GCM) is a software tool that allows an organization, from first line management to senior executive, to monitor and track the health (capability) of various groups in performing their contractual obligations. GCM calculates a Group Capability Index (GCI) by comparing actual head counts, certifications, and/or skills within a group. The model can also be used to simulate the effects of employee usage, training, and attrition on the GCI. A universal tool and common method was required due to the high risk of losing skills necessary to complete the Space Shuttle Program and meet the needs of the Constellation Program. During this transition from one space vehicle to another, the uncertainty among the critical skilled workforce is high and attrition has the potential to be unmanageable. GCM allows managers to establish requirements for their group in the form of head counts, certification requirements, or skills requirements. GCM then calculates a Group Capability Index (GCI), where a score of 1 indicates that the group is at the appropriate level; anything less than 1 indicates a potential for improvement. This shows the health of a group, both currently and over time. GCM accepts as input head count, certification needs, critical needs, competency needs, and competency critical needs. In addition, team members are categorized by years of experience, percentage of contribution, ex-members and their skills, availability, function, and in-work requirements. Outputs are several reports, including actual vs. required head count, actual vs. required certificates, CGI change over time (by month), and more. The program stores historical data for summary and historical reporting, which is done via an Excel spreadsheet that is color-coded to show health statistics at a glance. GCM has provided the Shuttle Ground Processing team with a quantifiable, repeatable approach to assessing and managing the skills in their organization. They now have a common frame of reference across NASA/contractor lines to communicate and mitigate any critical skills concerns.

Olejarski, Michael; Appleton, Amy; Deltorchio, Stephen

2009-01-01

282

Evolutionary Design of Specialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this research, a neuro-evolution method called collective neuro-evolution (CONE), is introduced for the design of neural controllers (agents) operating in collective behavior task domains. The efficacy of the CONE method for facilitating emergent behavioral specialization for the benefit of increasing task performance is tested in a pursuit-evasion and collective gathering task. For a comparative study, a conventional neuro-evolution method

A. E. Eiben; G. S. Nitschke; M. C. Schut

2007-01-01

283

Expeditionary Rubber Removal Capability.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Airfield Operating Surfaces team from the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL/MLQD) conducted research to examine the feasibility of using a small lightweight airfield rubber removal equipment package that could be used in expeditionary environments. ...

B. Cotter S. Smith

2006-01-01

284

Software Publication Considerations and Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Market factors surrounding computer software in special education are examined, including proliferation of computers in schools, widespread marketing and distribution patterns for software, consumer demands for software, quality, timelessness, emphasis on basic skills, and an understanding of future capabilities. (CL)

Fuchs, Victor E.

1982-01-01

285

Nonintrusive subsurface surveying capability  

SciTech Connect

This presentation describes the capabilities of a ground-pentrating radar (GPR) system developed by EG&G Energy Measurements (EM), a prime contractor to the Department of Energy (DOE). The focus of the presentation will be on the subsurface survey of DOE site TA-21 in Los Alamos, New Mexico. EG&G EM developed the system for the Department of Defense. The system is owned by the Department of the Army and currently resides at KO in Albuquerque. EM is pursuing efforts to transfer this technology to environmental applications such as waste-site characterization with DOE encouragement. The Army has already granted permission to use the system for the waste-site characterization activities.

Tunnell, T.W.; Cave, S.P.

1994-06-01

286

PHOBICS physics capabilities  

SciTech Connect

PHOBOS is the name of a detector and of a research program to study systematically the physics of relativistic heavy-ion collisions over a large range of impact parameters and nuclear species. Collisions with a center of mass energy of 200 A GeV at RHIC are expected to produce the highest energy densities ever accessible in the laboratory. In this writeup, we outline the physics capabilities of the PHOBOS detector and describe the detector design in terms of the general philosophy behind the PHOBOS research program. In order to make the discussion concrete, we then focus on two specific examples of physics measurements that we plan to make at RHIC: dN/d{zeta} for charged particles and the mass spectrum from {phi}{r_arrow} K{sup +}K{sup -} decays.

Baker, M.D. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States)

1995-12-31

287

Capability 9.4 Servicing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents viewgraphs on capability structure 9.4 servicing. The topics include: 1) Servicing Description; 2) Benefits of Servicing; 3) Drivers & Assumptions for Servicing; 4) Capability Breakdown Structure 9.4 Servicing; 5) Roadmap for Servicing; 6) 9.4 Servicing Critical Gaps; 7) Capability 9.4 Servicing; 8) Capability 9.4.1 Inspection; 9) State-of-the-Art /Maturity Level /Capabilities for 9.4.1 Inspection; 10) Capability 9.4.2 Diagnostics; 11) State-of-the-Art/Maturity Level /Capabilities for 9.4.2 Diagnostics; 12) Capability 9.4.3 Perform Planned Maintenance; 13) State-of-the-Art /Maturity Level /Capabilities for 9.4.3 Perform Planned Maintenance; 14) Capability 9.4.4 Perform Unplanned Repair; 15) State-of-the-Art /Maturity Level /Capabilities for 9.4.4 Perform Unplanned Repair; 16) Capability 9.4.5 Install Upgrade; 17) Capability 9.4.5 Install Upgrade; 18) State-of-the-Art /Maturity Level /Capabilities for 9.4.5 Install Upgrade; 19) Capability 9.4.6 Planning, Logistics, Training; and 20) State-of-the-Art /Maturity Level /Capabilities for 9.4.6 Planning, Logistics, & Training;

Moe, Rud

2005-01-01

288

Preliminary Tests of Blowers of Three Designs Operating in Conjunction with a Wing-Duct Cooling System for Radial Engines, Special Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper is one of several dealing with methods intended to reduce the drag of present-day radial engine installations and improve the cooling at zero and low air speeds, The present paper describes model wind-tunnel tests of blowers of three designs tested in conjunction with a wing-nacelle combination. The principle of operation involved consists of drawing cooling air into ducts located in the wing root at the point of maximum slipstream velocity, passing the air through the engine baffles from rear to front, and exhausting the air through an annular slot located between the propeller and the engine with the aid of a blower mounted on the spinner. The test apparatus consisted essentially of a stub wing having a 5-foot chord and a 15-foot span, an engine nacelle of 20 inches diameter enclosing a 25-horsepower electric motor, and three blowers mounted on propeller spinners. Two of the blowers utilize centrifugal force while the other uses the lift from airfoils to force the air out radially through the exit slot. Maximum efficiencies of over 70 percent were obtained for the system as a whole. Pressures were measured over the entire flight range which were in excess of those necessary to cool present-day engines, The results indicated that blowers mounted on propeller spinners could be built sufficiently powerful and efficient to warrant their use as the only, or chief, means of forcing air through the cooling system, so that cooling would be independent of the speed of the airplane.

Biermann, David; Valentine, E. Floyd

1939-01-01

289

Advanced capability RFID system  

DOEpatents

A radio-frequency transponder device having an antenna circuit configured to receive radio-frequency signals and to return modulated radio-frequency signals via continuous wave backscatter, a modulation circuit coupled to the antenna circuit for generating the modulated radio-frequency signals, and a microprocessor coupled to the antenna circuit and the modulation circuit and configured to receive and extract operating power from the received radio-frequency signals and to monitor inputs on at least one input pin and to generate responsive signals to the modulation circuit for modulating the radio-frequency signals. The microprocessor can be configured to generate output signals on output pins to associated devices for controlling the operation thereof. Electrical energy can be extracted and stored in an optional electrical power storage device.

Gilbert, Ronald W. (Morgan Hill, CA); Steele, Kerry D. (Kennewick, WA); Anderson, Gordon A. (Benton City, WA)

2007-09-25

290

USAF Distributed Mission Operations, an ADF Synthetic Range Interoperability Model and an AOD Mission Training Centre Capability Concept Demonstrator - What are They and Why Does the RAAF Need Them.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Today simulation technology allows warfighters to participate in a continuous training cycle and maintain a high state of combat readiness by using cost-effective simulation alternatives in conjunction with live-fly operations and training missions. Curre...

J. Blacklock L. Zalcman

2010-01-01

291

NASA Lewis Research Center's combustor test facilities and capabilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Lewis Research Center (LeRC) presently accommodates a total of six combustor test facilities with unique capabilities. The facilities are used to evaluate combustor and afterburner concepts for future engine applications, and also to test the survivability and performance of innovative high temperature materials, new instrumentation, and engine components in a realistic jet engine environment. The facilities provide a variety of test section interfaces and lengths to allow for flametube, sector and component testing. The facilities can accommodate a wide range of operating conditions due to differing capabilities in the following areas: inlet air pressure, temperature, and flow; fuel flow rate, pressure, and fuel storage capacity; maximum combustion zone temperature; cooling water flow rate and pressure; types of exhaust - atmospheric or altitude; air heater supply pressure; and types of air heaters - vitiated or nonvitiated. All of the facilities have provisions for standard gas (emissions) analysis, and a few of the facilities are equipped with specialized gas analysis equipment, smoke and particle size measurement devices, and a variety of laser systems. This report will present some of the unique features of each of the high temperature/high pressure combustor test facilities at NASA LeRC.

Bianco, Jean

1995-01-01

292

SERAPH facility capabilities  

SciTech Connect

The SERAPH (Solar Energy Research and Applications in Process Heat) facility addresses technical issues concerning solar thermal energy implementation in industry. Work will include computer predictive modeling (refinement and validation), system control and evaluation, and the accumulation of operation and maintenance experience. Procedures will be consistent (to the extent possible) with those of industry. SERAPH has four major components: the solar energy delivery system (SEDS); control and data acquisition (including sequencing and emergency supervision); energy distribution system (EDS); and areas allocated for storage development and load devices.

Castle, J.; Su, W.

1980-06-01

293

MU radar - New capabilities and system calibrations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The middle and upper atmosphere (MU) radar of Japan is a unique mesosphere-stratosphere-troposphere type radar with an active phased array system. The MU radar has proved so reliable that continuous trouble-free operations over many days are possible. A brief description of new capabilities recently implemented and calibrations made to confirm the performance of the system are presented herein.

Shoichiro Fukao; Toru Sato; Toshitaka Tsuda; Mamoru Yamamoto; Manabu D. Yamanaka; Susumu Kato

1990-01-01

294

MU radar - New capabilities and system calibrations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The middle and upper atmosphere (MU) radar of Japan is a unique mesosphere-stratosphere-troposphere type radar with an active phased array system. The MU radar has proved so reliable that continuous trouble-free operations over many days are possible. A brief description of new capabilities recently implemented and calibrations made to confirm the performance of the system are presented herein.

Fukao, Shoichiro; Sato, Toru; Tsuda, Toshitaka; Yamamoto, Mamoru; Yamanaka, Manabu D.

1990-08-01

295

Humanoid Navigation Planning using Future Perceptive Capability  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an approach to navigation planning for humanoid robots that aims to ensure reliable execution by augmenting the planning process to reason about the robot's ability to successfully perceive its environment during operation. By efficiently simulating the robot's perception system during search, our planner generates a metric, the so-called perceptive capability, that quan- tifies the 'sensability' of the environment

Philipp Michel; Joel Chestnutt; Satoshi Kagami; Koichi Nishiwaki; James Kuffner; Takeo Kanadet

2008-01-01

296

Logistics capabilities for sustainable competitive advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to explore how sustainable competitive advantage is generated in two Swedish best practice companies that successfully exploit logistics as a source for competitive advantage. Using a theoretical framework based on the resource-based view of the firm, this research elaborates on the links between operational and dynamic logistics capabilities and sustainable competitive advantage. The findings

Erik Sandberg; Mats Abrahamsson

2011-01-01

297

Metrology Measurement Capabilities, (Final Report).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document contains descriptions of Federal Manufacturing & Technologies (FM&T) Metrology capabilities, traceability flow charts, and the measurement uncertainty of each measurement capability. Metrology provides NIST traceable precision measurements o...

G. E. Gronniger

2012-01-01

298

Warfare by other means: special forces, terrorism and grand strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This contribution looks at the role of Special Forces in anti-terrorist operations with particular emphasis on the British Special Air Service. It argues that Special Forces have played a pivotal role in such operations since the era of Palestinian terrorism in the early 1970s. The essay looks at the operations in Afghanistan leading to the overthrow of the Taliban in

Alastair Finlan

2003-01-01

299

Specializing the operation of an explicit rule  

Microsoft Academic Search

When dealing with a newly learned rule, one is often aware of relying on previous episodes of applying the rule. The specific materials or problems to which the rule was originally applied seem to have some privilege, particularly when the rule initially seems quite abstract. Understanding a difficult rule, or at least understanding how to apply it, seems to occur

Scott W. Allen; Lee R. Brooks

1991-01-01

300

ARAC: A support capability for emergency managers  

SciTech Connect

This paper is intended to introduce to the non-radiological emergency management community the 20-year operational history of the Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC), its concept of operations, and its applicability for use in support of emergency management decision makers. ARAC is a centralized federal facility for assessing atmospheric releases of hazardous materials in real time, using a robust suite of three-dimensional atmospheric transport and diffusion models, extensive geophysical and source-description databases, automated meteorological data acquisition systems, and experienced staff members. Although originally conceived to respond to nuclear accidents, the ARAC system has proven to be extremely adaptable, and has been used successfully during a wide variety of nonradiological hazardous chemical situations. ARAC represents a proven, validated, operational support capability for atmospheric hazardous releases.

Pace, J.C.; Sullivan, T.J.; Baskett, R.L. [and others

1995-08-01

301

Unique test capabilities at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive testing capability has evolved at Sandia National Laboratories over the last three decades. This capability is primarily dedicated to obtaining test response data to substantiate analytical methods employed at the Laboratories. Unique instrumentation and data transmission techniques have been developed to recover test data. Emphasis has been placed on expeditious processing of test results for correlation with the analytical processes. Numerous facilities address the general environments of acceleration, climate, shock, and vibration. Nondestructive testing includes acoustic emission detection, laser holography, ultrasonics, and radiography. More specific testing exists in the fields of aerodynamics, materials characterization, radiation effects, and energy research. Much of the capability is classical and can be found with degrees of similarity at other laboratories. However, there are certain unique testing capabilities that have been developed to satisfy special requirements. The unique testing facilities described include: rocket sled tracks for ballistics tests and impact tests; aerial cable facilities for free-drop tests of payloads up to 3000 lb from heights up to 600 ft.; explosives testing facilities; large centrifuges; equipment for simulating heating conditions such as reentry heating; a lighting simulator; and an electromagnetic environment simulator. (LCL)

Bushnell, J.C.; Bickel, D.C.

1981-05-01

302

Special Education in Israel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes changes taking place in Israeli special education. It discusses the goals of special education, diagnosis and placement, special education procedures, criticism of the special education law, and the current status of special education in Israel. The movement towards increased inclusion is highlighted. (Contains 7…

Meadan, Hedda; Gumpel, Thomas P.

2002-01-01

303

NASA Dryden's UAS Service Capabilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The vision of NASA s Dryden Flight Research Center is to "fly what others only imagine." Its mission is to advance technology and science through flight. Objectives supporting the mission include performing flight research and technology integration to revolutionize aviation and pioneer aerospace technology, validating space exploration concepts, conducting airborne remote sensing and science missions, and supporting operations of the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station. A significant focus of effort in recent years has been on Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), both in support of the Airborne Science Program and as research vehicles to advance the state of the art in UAS. Additionally, the Center has used its piloted aircraft in support of UAS technology development. In order to facilitate greater access to the UAS expertise that exists at the Center, that expertise has been organized around three major capabilities. The first is access to high-altitude, long-endurance UAS. The second is the establishment of a test range for small UAS. The third is safety case assessment support.

Bauer, Jeff

2007-01-01

304

TAKEOFF AND LANDING PERFORMANCE CAPABILITIES OF TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRCRAFT  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One of the most important considerations in the design of a commercial transport aircraft is the aircraft's performance during takeoff and landing operations. The aircraft must be designed to meet field length constraints in accordance with airworthiness standards specified in the Federal Aviation Regulations. In addition, the noise levels generated during these operations must be within acceptable limits. This computer program provides for the detailed analysis of the takeoff and landing performance capabilities of transport category aircraft. The program calculates aircraft performance in accordance with the airworthiness standards of the Federal Aviation Regulations. The aircraft and flight constraints are represented in sufficient detail to permit realistic sensitivity studies in terms of either configuration modifications or changes in operational procedures. This program provides for the detailed performance analysis of the takeoff and landing capabilities of specific aircraft designs and allows for sensitivity studies. The program is not designed to synthesize configurations or to generate aerodynamic, propulsion, or structural characteristics. This type of information must be generated externally to the program and then input as data. The program's representation of the aircraft data is extensive and includes realistic limits on engine and aircraft operational boundaries and maximum attainable lift coefficients. The takeoff and climbout flight-path is generated by a stepwise integration of the equation of motion. Special features include options for nonstandard-day operation, for balanced field length, for derated throttle to meet a given field length for off-loaded aircraft, and for throttle cutback during climbout for community noise alleviation. Advanced takeoff procedures for noise alleviation such as programmed throttle and control flaps may be investigated with the program. Approach profiles may incorporate advanced procedures such as two segment approaches and decelerating approaches. The landing performance considers the application of wheel brakes, spoilers, and thrust reversers. This program is written in FORTRAN IV for batch execution and has been implemented on a CDC CYBER 170 series computer with a central memory requirement of approximately 105K (octal) of 60 bit words. This program was developed in 1979.

Foss, W. E.

1994-01-01

305

Health Capability: Conceptualization and Operationalization  

PubMed Central

Current theoretical approaches to bioethics and public health ethics propose varied justifications as the basis for health care and public health, yet none captures a fundamental reality: people seek good health and the ability to pursue it. Existing models do not effectively address these twin goals. The approach I espouse captures both of these orientations through a concept here called health capability. Conceptually, health capability illuminates the conditions that affect health and one's ability to make health choices. By respecting the health consequences individuals face and their health agency, health capability offers promise for finding a balance between paternalism and autonomy. I offer a conceptual model of health capability and present a health capability profile to identify and address health capability gaps.

2010-01-01

306

Operant behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reinforcement may be contingent, not only on the occurrence of a response, but on special features of its topography, on the presence of prior stimuli, and on scheduling systems. Operant techniques are important in defining the behavioral effects of physiological variables––surgical, electrical, and chemical––in specifying what aspects of behavior are to be attributed to hereditary endowment, in tracing features of

B. F. Skinner

1963-01-01

307

Integrated Analysis Capability (IAC) development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The technical and programmatic aspects of the integrated analysis capability (IAC) are described. The (IAC) is an interdisciplinary analysis system containing a wide range of general purpose analysis programs that are interfaced via a common data base and a unified executive. The system is designed with significant interactive capability as well as the capability to support the entire range of design phases from the definition phase to the verification phase. The system functions as a standalone or interfaced with IPAD.

Young, J. P.

1981-01-01

308

SPECIAL SCHOOL FOR MIGRANT CHILDREN.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MANY CHANGES HAVE OCCURRED IN MIGRANT CHILDREN OVER THE 5 YEARS THE SPECIAL SCHOOL HAS BEEN IN OPERATION. MOST NOTABLE IS THAT THE CHILDREN ARE MUCH CLEANER AND BETTER BEHAVED. THE CHILDREN ARE ISSUED COMBS, TOOTHBRUSHES, TOWELS, AND SOAP. STUDENTS SHOWER THREE TIMES EACH WEEK AND PERFORM A DAILY ROUTINE OF BRUSHING TEETH AND COMBING HAIR. MILK…

POTTS, ALFRED M.

309

Los Alamos upgrade in metallographic capabilities  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos Wing 9 Hot Cell Facility is in the process of upgrading their metallographic sample preparation and examination capability. The present capability to grind, polish and etch samples from reactor fuels and materials has been in operation for 18 years. Macro photography and alpha and beta-gamma autoradiography are an important part of this capability. Some of the fast breeder reactor experiments have contained sodium as a coolant. Therefore, the capability to distill sodium from some samples scheduled for microstructural examinations is a requirement. Since the reactor fuel samples are highly radioactive and contain plutonium, either as fabricated or as a result of breeding during reactor service, these samples must be handled in shielded hot cells containing alpha boxes to isolate the plutonium and hazardous fission products from personnel and the environment. The present equipment that was designed and built into those alpha boxes has functioned very well for the past 18 years. During that time the technicians have thought of ways to improve the equipment to do the work faster and safer. These ideas and ideas that have been developed during the design of new alpha boxes and new equipment for microstructural sample preparation have provided the concepts for the capability to perform the work faster and maintain the equipment in a safer manner.

Ledbetter, J.M.; Dowler, K.E.; Cook, J.H.

1985-01-01

310

Role of Special Operations Forces in Operations Against Theater Missiles.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. military has never been able to prevent theater missiles (TMs) from being launched at U.S. and Allied or Coalition forces and citizens. Post-war analysis of interdiction efforts during World War II and the Persian Gulf War could not identify a si...

C. A. Riley

1996-01-01

311

Guidelines and Capabilities for Designing Human Missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

These guidelines and capabilities identify the points of intersection between human spaceflight crews and mission considerations such as architecture, vehicle design, technologies, operations, and science requirements. In these chapters, we will provide clear, top-level guidelines for human-related exploration studies and technology research that will address common questions and requirements. As a result, we hope that ongoing mission trade studies will consider common, standard, and practical criteria for human interfaces.

Allen, Christopher S.; Burnett, Rebeka; Charles, John; Cucinotta, Frank; Fullerton, Richard; Goodman, Jerry R.; Griffith, Anthony D., Sr.; Kosmo, Joseph J.; Perchonok, Michele; Railsback, Jan; Rajulu, Sudhakar; Stilwell, Don; Thomas, Gretchen; Tri, Terry; Joshi, Jitendra; Wheeler, Ray; Rudisill, Marianne; Wilson, John; Mueller, Alyssa; Simmons, Anne

2003-01-01

312

Synchronization of Littoral Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper attempts to examine selected major historical littoral operations in order to examine the synchronization factors that might be applied to future operations. Special emphasis is placed on amphibious landings. Synchronization can be defined as t...

D. Wheeland

1994-01-01

313

Steady-state capabilities for hydroturbines with OpenFOAM  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The availability of a high quality Open Source CFD simulation platform like OpenFOAM offers new R&D opportunities by providing direct access to models and solver implementation details. Efforts have been made by Hydro-Québec to adapt OpenFOAM to hydroturbines for the development of steady-state capabilities. The paper describes the developments that have been made to implement new turbomachinery related capabilities: Multiple Frame of Reference solver, domain coupling interfaces (GGI, cyclicGGI and mixing plane) and specialized boundary conditions. Practical use of the new turbomachinery capabilities are demonstrated for the analysis of a 195-MW Francis hydroturbine.

Page, M.; Beaudoin, M.; Giroux, A. M.

2010-08-01

314

Identifying 21st Century Capabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What are the capabilities necessary to meet 21st century challenges? Much of the literature on 21st century skills focuses on skills necessary to meet those challenges associated with future work in a globalised world. The result is a limited characterisation of those capabilities necessary to address 21st century social, health and particularly…

Stevens, Robert

2012-01-01

315

Walking capabilities of Gregor controlled through Walknet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Locomotion control of legged robots is nowadays a field in continuous evolution. In this work a bio-inspired control architecture based on the stick insect is applied to control the hexapod robot Gregor. The control scheme is an extension of Walknet, a decentralized network inspired by the stick insect, that on the basis of local reflexes generates the control signals needed to coordinate locomotion in hexapod robots. Walknet has been adapted to the specific mechanical structure of Gregor that is characterized by specialized legs and a sprawled posture. In particular an innovative hind leg geometry, inspired by the cockroach, has been considered to improve climbing capabilities. The performances of the new control architecture have been evaluated in dynamic simulation environments. The robot has been endowed with distance and contact sensors for obstacle detection. A heading control is used to avoid large obstacles, and an avoidance reflex, as can be found in stick insects, has been introduced to further improve climbing capabilities of the structure. The reported results, obtained in different environmental configurations, stress the adaptive capabilities of the Walknet approach: Even in unpredictable and cluttered environments the walking behaviour of the simulated robot and the robot prototype, controlled through a FPGA based board, remained stable.

Arena, Paolo; Patané, Luca; Schilling, Malte; Schmitz, Josef

2007-06-01

316

Space Shuttle capabilities, constraints, and cost  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The capabilities, constraints, and costs of the Space Transportation System (STS), which combines reusable and expendable components, are reviewed, and an overview of the current planning activities for operating the STS in an efficient and cost-effective manner is presented. Traffic forecasts, performance constraints and enhancements, and potential new applications are discussed. Attention is given to operating costs, pricing policies, and the steps involved in 'getting on board', which includes all the interfaces between NASA and the users necessary to come to launch service agreements.

Lee, C. M.

1980-01-01

317

NASA Capability Roadmaps Executive Summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document is the result of eight months of hard work and dedication from NASA, industry, other government agencies, and academic experts from across the nation. It provides a summary of the capabilities necessary to execute the Vision for Space Exploration and the key architecture decisions that drive the direction for those capabilities. This report is being provided to the Exploration Systems Architecture Study (ESAS) team for consideration in development of an architecture approach and investment strategy to support NASA future mission, programs and budget requests. In addition, it will be an excellent reference for NASA's strategic planning. A more detailed set of roadmaps at the technology and sub-capability levels are available on CD. These detailed products include key driving assumptions, capability maturation assessments, and technology and capability development roadmaps.

Willcoxon, Rita; Thronson, Harley; Varsi, Guilio; Mueller, Robert; Regenie, Victoria; Inman, Tom; Crooke, Julie; Coulter, Dan

2005-01-01

318

Special Education in Korea.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The text on special education in Korea is divided into four major sections--a brief history of special education in Korea, the present status of special education in Korea, the special education plan of the Young Kwang Educational Foundation, and directory of schools and classes for the exceptional in Korea. Topics covered include the following:…

Kim, Byung Ha, Ed.; Yeo, Kwang Eung

319

Revamping Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need to change and improve the special education system, looking at the growth of special education; rising special education costs; and the dangers of training students for a lifetime of entitlement and to believe they are immune to discipline. Describes the three distinct populations served by special education. Concludes by…

Horn, Wade F.; Tynan, Douglas

2001-01-01

320

Component-Level Electronic-Assembly Repair (CLEAR) Synthetic Instrument Capabilities Assessment and Test Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The role of synthetic instruments (SIs) for Component-Level Electronic-Assembly Repair (CLEAR) is to provide an external lower-level diagnostic and functional test capability beyond the built-in-test capabilities of spacecraft electronics. Built-in diagnostics can report faults and symptoms, but isolating the root cause and performing corrective action requires specialized instruments. Often a fault can be revealed by emulating the operation of external hardware. This implies complex hardware that is too massive to be accommodated in spacecraft. The SI strategy is aimed at minimizing complexity and mass by employing highly reconfigurable instruments that perform diagnostics and emulate external functions. In effect, SI can synthesize an instrument on demand. The SI architecture section of this document summarizes the result of a recent program diagnostic and test needs assessment based on the International Space Station. The SI architecture addresses operational issues such as minimizing crew time and crew skill level, and the SI data transactions between the crew and supporting ground engineering searching for the root cause and formulating corrective actions. SI technology is described within a teleoperations framework. The remaining sections describe a lab demonstration intended to show that a single SI circuit could synthesize an instrument in hardware and subsequently clear the hardware and synthesize a completely different instrument on demand. An analysis of the capabilities and limitations of commercially available SI hardware and programming tools is included. Future work in SI technology is also described.

Oeftering, Richard C.; Bradish, Martin A.

2011-01-01

321

Mississippi Special Olympics: Special Events Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provided in the manual are organizational guidelines and suggested activities for a Special Evants segment of the Mississippi Special Olympics Program to encourage participation by low motor functioning, multihandicapped, mentally retarded persons. Information is provided concerning objectives, organizational set-up, guidelines, communication…

Heinze, Toni; Cooper, Walter E.

322

Special Analysis Report: Special Education Personnel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis of New York state's current and prospective special education personnel status presents 40 tables and accompanying narratives. Major findings include the following: (1) there is a need for 5,176 full-time special education teacher positions and 2,633 full-time teacher assistant positions; (2) there is a need for 2,457 full-time…

State Univ. of New York, Albany.

323

SPECIAL CLASSES FOR STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A SPECIAL 3-YEAR TRAINING PROGRAM IN FARM POWER AND MACHINERY WAS DEVELOPED TO PROVIDE FOR DIFFERENT LEVELS OF STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT AND TO HELP MEET THE NEED FOR SKILLED WORKERS IN THE MISSISSIPPI DELTA AREA. CHANGES IN THE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT OF STUDENTS TRANSFERRED FROM REGULAR VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE CLASSES TO THE SPECIAL CLASSES PROVIDE A MORE…

DOWELL, G.L.

324

What's so special about special visceral?  

PubMed

The brainstem is classically divided into functional columns including special and general subdivisions for somatic and visceral components. The term 'special visceral motor' is applied to branchiomotor nuclei, while 'special visceral sensory' refers to nuclei devoted to incoming gustatory and olfactory senses. The use of the term 'special visceral motor' is questioned in that the branchiomotor neurons function more like general somatic than general visceral motoneurons. The designation of taste and smell as 'special visceral sensory' systems seems inconsistent on several bases. First, taste and smell are not homologous systems: (1) the receptors are grossly dissimilar in morphology and relationship to other elements of the nervous system; (2) the two systems mediate very different behaviors and respond to different types of chemical stimuli, and (3) chemosensory systems are not 'special' (i.e. limited to cranial nerves) in that solitary chemoreceptor cells, which are distributed across the body surface, can be innervated by spinal or cranial nerves. Finally, taste is considered 'special' because it involves specialized chemosensory end organs; the visceral nerves also provide innervation to other specialized chemoreceptors (e.g. carotid body) which are considered part of the general visceral sensory system. Thus the term 'special visceral sensory' appears without solid foundation when applied to gustatory systems in contradistinction to nongustatory branchial and thoracic interoceptive systems. A reformulation of the functional columns of the brainstem is suggested in which six columns can be identified: (1) somatic motor; (2) branchial motor; (3) visceral motor; (4) visceral sensory; (5) somatic sensory, and (6) hair cell (dorsolateral placode) sensory. PMID:8109195

Finger, T E

1993-01-01

325

Charter Schools and Special Education: A Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook (prepared to assist charter school operators, state department of education personnel, and policymakers) reviews special education case law and legislation as well as pertinent issues that can guide charter school personnel, host or sponsoring districts, and state agency personnel in the implementation of special education in charter…

Lange, Cheryl M.

326

Culture Clash: Special Education in Charter Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Charter schools and special education for disabled students are founded on conflicting education reforms and agency oversight principles. Charter Schools operate in a culture of regulatory freedom and flexibility. This is in stark contrast to special education laws, which were conceived in the civil rights era of education reform, with an emphasis on process, combined with regulatory oversight focused on

Robert A. Garda

2012-01-01

327

Dynamic capabilities, deliberate learning and environmental dynamism: a simulation model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a simulation model of the development of knowledge, operating routines and dynamic capability in organizations at varying levels of environmental dynamism. We draw on system dynamics modeling to explore trade-offs and ambiguities in the decision to invest in deliberate learning processes to enhance the development of dynamic capabilities. The model incorporates mindfulness and tool utility (positive) effects

A. Georges L. Romme; Maurizio Zollo; Peter Berends

2010-01-01

328

Generator Capability Curve Constraint for PSO Based Optimal Power Flow  

Microsoft Academic Search

An optimal power flow (OPF) based on particle swarm optimization (PSO) was developed with more realistic generator security constraint using the capability curve instead of only Pmin\\/Pmax and Qmin\\/Qmax. Neural network (NN) was used in designing digital capability curve and the security check algorithm. The algorithm is very simple and flexible especially for representing non linear generation operation limit near

Mat Syai; Adi Soeprijanto; Takashi Hiyama

2009-01-01

329

Tonopah Test Range capabilities: technical manual  

SciTech Connect

This manual describes Tonopah Test Range (TTR), defines its testing capabilities, and outlines the steps necessary to schedule tests on the Range. Operated by Sandia National Laboratories, TTR is a major test facility for DOE-funded weapon programs. The Range presents an integrated system for ballistic test vehicle tracking and data acquisition. Multiple radars, optical trackers, telemetry stations, a central computer complex, and combined landline/RF communications systems assure full Range coverage for any type of test. Range operations are conducted by a department within Sandia's Field Engineering Directorate. While the overall Range functions as a complete system, it is operationally divided into the Test Measurements, Instrumentation Development, and Range Operations divisions. The primary function of TTR is to support DOE weapons test activities. Management, however, encourages other Government agencies and their contractors to schedule tests on the Range which can make effective use of its capabilities. Information concerning Range use by organizations outside of DOE is presented. Range instrumentation and support facilities are described in detail. This equipment represents the current state-of-the-art and reflects a continuing commitment by TTR management to field the most effective tracking and data acquisition system available.

Manhart, R.L.

1982-11-01

330

Capabilities of GRO/OSSE for observing solar flares  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The launch of the Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO) near solar maximum makes solar flare studies early in the mission particularly advantageous. The Oriented Scintillation Spectrometer Experiment (OSSE) on GRO, covering the energy range 0.05 to 150 MeV, has some significant advantages over the previous generation of satellite-borne gamma-ray detectors for solar observations. The OSSE detectors will have about 10 times the effective area of the Gamma-Ray Spectrometer (GRS) on Solar Maximum Mission (SMM) for both photons and high-energy neutrons. The OSSE also has the added capability of distinguishing between high-energy neutrons and photons directly. The OSSE spectral accumulation time (approx. 4s) is four times faster than that of the SMM/GRS; much better time resolution is available in selected energy ranges. These characteristics will allow the investigation of particle acceleration in flares based on the evolution of the continuum and nuclear line components of flare spectra, nuclear emission in small flares, the anisotropy of continuum emission in small flares, and the relative intensities of different nuclear lines. The OSSE observational program will be devoted primarily to non-solar sources. Therefore, solar observations require planning and special configurations. The instrumental and operational characteristics of OSSE are discussed in the context of undertaking solar observations. The opportunities for guest investigators to participate in solar flare studies with OSSE is also presented.

Kurfess, J. D.; Johnson, W. N.; Share, G. H.; Hulburt, E. O.; Matz, S. M.; Murphy, R. J.

1989-01-01

331

Public health operations in the JSOTF-P.  

PubMed

Medical personnel have a proven operational and strategic role as part of Counterinsurgency (COIN) and Foreign Internal Defense (FID) operations. In addition to the traditional employment of medical assets in Medical Civic Action Programs, commanders can utilize their medical resources in a teaching and educational capacity to effectively target an entire village (men, women, and children), with minimal logistical support. In the Joint Special Operations Task Force-Philippines, Environmental Science Engineer Officers and veterinarians added additional capabilities and facilitated educational programs that stimulate the coordination of local, military, and government resources to improve public health infrastructure and make a sustainable, lasting impact. PMID:21455902

Rufolo, Dennis; Facciolla, Cyndie

2011-01-01

332

Overview of Experimental Capabilities - Supersonics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This viewgraph presentation gives an overview of experimental capabilities applicable to the area of supersonic research. The contents include: 1) EC Objectives; 2) SUP.11: Elements; 3) NRA; 4) Advanced Flight Simulator Flexible Aircraft Simulation Studie...

D. W. Banks

2007-01-01

333

MCNP: Multigroup/adjoint capabilities  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses various aspects related to the use and validity of the general purpose Monte Carlo code MCNP for multigroup/adjoint calculations. The increased desire to perform comparisons between Monte Carlo and deterministic codes, along with the ever-present desire to increase the efficiency of large MCNP calculations has produced a greater user demand for the multigroup/adjoint capabilities. To more fully utilize these capabilities, we review the applications of the Monte Carlo multigroup/adjoint method, describe how to generate multigroup cross sections for MCNP with the auxiliary CRSRD code, describe how to use the multigroup/adjoint capability in MCNP, and provide examples and results indicating the effectiveness and validity of the MCNP multigroup/adjoint treatment. This information should assist users in taking advantage of the MCNP multigroup/adjoint capabilities.

Wagner, J.C.; Redmond, E.L. II; Palmtag, S.P.; Hendricks, J.S.

1994-04-01

334

Moessbauer Backscatter Spectrometer with Full Data Processing Capability.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The design and operation of a Moessbauer backscatter spectrometer with full data processing capability is described, and the investigation of the applicability of this technique to a variety of practical metallurgical problems is discussed. (ERA citation ...

1976-01-01

335

Particle Tracking Model (PTM): II. Overview of Features and Capabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Dredging Operations and Engineering Research (DOER) Technical Note (TN) is the second in a series. It describes the features and capabilities of a new Particle Tracking Model (PTM) for analysis of sediment transport and sediment pathways in coastal w...

2005-01-01

336

40 CFR 419.31 - Specialized definitions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REFINING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Petrochemical Subcategory § 419.31 Specialized...shall apply. (b) The term petrochemical operations shall mean the production of second-generation petrochemicals (i.e. , alcohols,...

2013-07-01

337

40 CFR 419.31 - Specialized definitions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...REFINING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Petrochemical Subcategory § 419.31 Specialized...shall apply. (b) The term petrochemical operations shall mean the production of second-generation petrochemicals (i.e. , alcohols,...

2010-07-01

338

40 CFR 419.31 - Specialized definitions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...REFINING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Petrochemical Subcategory § 419.31 Specialized...shall apply. (b) The term petrochemical operations shall mean the production of second-generation petrochemicals (i.e. , alcohols,...

2009-07-01

339

30 CFR 250.1904 - Special instructions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...1904 Mineral Resources BUREAU OF SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE...OPERATIONS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Safety and Environmental Management Systems (SEMS) § 250.1904 Special...

2013-07-01

340

14 CFR 375.70 - Special authorization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PROCEEDINGS) SPECIAL REGULATIONS NAVIGATION OF FOREIGN CIVIL AIRCRAFT WITHIN THE UNITED STATES ...to navigate a foreign civil aircraft within the United States...operators of U.S.-registered aircraft, and that the proposed...

2014-01-01

341

24 CFR 51.207 - Special circumstances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA AND STANDARDS Siting of HUD-Assisted Projects Near Hazardous Operations Handling Conventional Fuels or Chemicals of an Explosive or Flammable Nature § 51.207 Special...

2013-04-01

342

Sustainable Forward Operating Bases.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Current United States military contingency operations underscore a need for more sustainable forward operating bases (FOBs). FOBs have been vital in supporting the expeditionary and campaign capabilities of the U.S. military, but building and sustaining F...

2010-01-01

343

The Ising model and special geometries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that the globally nilpotent G-operators corresponding to the factors of the linear differential operators annihilating the multifold integrals ?(n) of the magnetic susceptibility of the Ising model (n ? 6) are homomorphic to their adjoint. This property of being self-adjoint up to operator homomorphisms is equivalent to the feature of their symmetric squares, or their exterior squares, having rational solutions. The differential Galois groups are in the special orthogonal, or symplectic, groups. This self-adjoint (up to operator equivalence) property means that the factor operators that we already know to be derived from geometry are special globally nilpotent operators: they correspond to ‘special geometries’. Beyond the small order factor operators (occurring in the linear differential operators associated with ?(5) and ?(6)), and, in particular, those associated with modular forms, we focus on the quite large order-12 and order-23 operators. We show that the order-12 operator has an exterior square which annihilates a rational solution. Then, its differential Galois group is in the symplectic group Sp(12, \\, {C}). The order-23 operator is shown to factorize into an order-2 operator and an order-21 operator. The symmetric square of this order-21 operator has a rational solution. Its differential Galois group is, thus, in the orthogonal group SO(21, \\, {C}).

Boukraa, S.; Hassani, S.; Maillard, J.-M.

2014-06-01

344

Inadequate Mine Countermeasure Systems and Capabilities for Future Amphibious Operations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Marine Corps Amphibious Force of the 21st century will be the best in the world only if effective systems are developed and proper training is provided to conduct mine countermeasures. Unfortunately, the Navy and Marine Corps still lack the ability to...

F. F. Llantero

2002-01-01

345

LACIE performance predictor final operational capability program description, volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The program EPHEMS computes the orbital parameters for up to two vehicles orbiting the earth for up to 549 days. The data represents a continuous swath about the earth, producing tables which can be used to determine when and if certain land segments will be covered. The program GRID processes NASA's climatology tape to obtain the weather indices along with associated latitudes and longitudes. The program LUMP takes substrata historical data and sample segment ID, crop window, crop window error and statistical data, checks for valid input parameters and generates the segment ID file, crop window file and the substrata historical file. Finally, the System Error Executive (SEE) Program checks YES error and truth data, CAMS error data, and signature extension data for validity and missing elements. A message is printed for each error found.

1976-01-01

346

LACIE performance predictor final operational capability program description, volume 3  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The requirements and processing logic for the LACIE Error Model program (LEM) are described. This program is an integral part of the Large Area Crop Inventory Experiment (LACIE) system. LEM is that portion of the LPP (LACIE Performance Predictor) which simulates the sample segment classification, strata yield estimation, and production aggregation. LEM controls repetitive Monte Carlo trials based on input error distributions to obtain statistical estimates of the wheat area, yield, and production at different levels of aggregation. LEM interfaces with the rest of the LPP through a set of data files.

1976-01-01

347

LACIE performance predictor final operational capability program description, volume 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Given the swath table files, the segment set for one country and cloud cover data, the SAGE program determines how many times and under what conditions each segment is accessed by satellites. The program writes a record for each segment on a data file which contains the pertinent acquisition data. The weather data file can also be generated from a NASA supplied tape. The Segment Acquisition Selector Program (SACS) selects data from the segment reference file based upon data input manually and from a crop window file. It writes the extracted data to a data acquisition file and prints two summary reports. The POUT program reads from associated LACIE files and produces printed reports. The major types of reports that can be produced are: (1) Substrate Reference Data Reports, (2) Population Mean, Standard Deviation and Histogram Reports, (3) Histograms of Monte Carlo Statistics Reports, and (4) Frequency of Sample Segment Acquisitions Reports.

1976-01-01

348

Accelerator and electrodynamics capability review  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) uses capability reviews to assess the science, technology and engineering (STE) quality and institutional integration and to advise Laboratory Management on the current and future health of the STE. Capability reviews address the STE integration that LANL uses to meet mission requirements. The Capability Review Committees serve a dual role of providing assessment of the Laboratory's technical contributions and integration towards its missions and providing advice to Laboratory Management. The assessments and advice are documented in reports prepared by the Capability Review Committees that are delivered to the Director and to the Principal Associate Director for Science, Technology and Engineering (PADSTE). Laboratory Management will use this report for STE assessment and planning. LANL has defined fifteen STE capabilities. Electrodynamics and Accelerators is one of the seven STE capabilities that LANL Management (Director, PADSTE, technical Associate Directors) has identified for review in Fiscal Year (FY) 2010. Accelerators and electrodynamics at LANL comprise a blend of large-scale facilities and innovative small-scale research with a growing focus on national security applications. This review is organized into five topical areas: (1) Free Electron Lasers; (2) Linear Accelerator Science and Technology; (3) Advanced Electromagnetics; (4) Next Generation Accelerator Concepts; and (5) National Security Accelerator Applications. The focus is on innovative technology with an emphasis on applications relevant to Laboratory mission. The role of Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) in support of accelerators/electrodynamics will be discussed. The review provides an opportunity for interaction with early career staff. Program sponsors and customers will provide their input on the value of the accelerator and electrodynamics capability to the Laboratory mission.

Jones, Kevin W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01

349

Codes with special correlation.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Uniform binary codes with special correlation including transorthogonality and simplex code, Hadamard matrices and difference sets uniform binary codes with special correlation including transorthogonality and simplex code, Hadamard matrices and difference sets

Baumert, L. D.

1964-01-01

350

From the Editors of the Special Issue  

Microsoft Academic Search

Welcome to the special issue on Intelligent Virtual Agents. Intelligent Virtual Agents (IVAs) are interactive characters that – in spite of being merely 2D or 3D computer graphics models – exhibit humanlike qualities and communicate with humans or with each other using natural human modalities such as speech and gesture. They are capable of real-time perception, cognition and action, allowing

Zsófia Ruttkay; Michael Kipp; Anton Nijholt; Hannes Högni Vilhjálmsson

2010-01-01

351

Photovoltaic-systems test facilities: existing capabilities compilation  

SciTech Connect

Photovoltaic Systems Test Facilities (PV-STFs) are used to evaluate complete photovoltaic systems, subsystems, and their interfaces. A general description of PV-STFs presently operated under the US Department of Energy's National Photovoltaics Program is presented, as well as descriptions of a number of privately operated facilities reflecting current understanding of those having test capabilities appropriate to PV hardware development. A summary of specific, representative test capabilities at the system and subsystem level is presented for each listed facility. This compilation indicates the range of system and subsystem test capabilities presently available to serve the needs of both the National Photovoltaics Program and the private sector photovoltaics industry.

None

1982-03-01

352

Special education in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Special education has been gaining intense attention from governments and educators throughout the world. As a developing country, and official candidate for the European Union, Turkey has been working on issues related to special education provision and inclusive education to improve the quality of services for citizens with disabilities. This article presents the developments and current status of special education

Macid A. Melekoglu; Orhan Cakiroglu; Kimber W. Malmgren

2009-01-01

353

Alabama Special Days  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Today, we are going to look at special days in Alabama history. Today we are going to look at four special Alabama Days: 1) Boll Weevil Festival 2) Helen Keller Day 3) Mardi Gras 4) Shrimp Festival I am giving you videos to watch about each special day. I am ...

Lucky, Ms.

2012-04-04

354

Standards for Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alberta Standards for Special Education are effective in September 2003 and require school boards to effectively identify and deliver programs for students with special needs in grades 1-12. Emphasis is on consistent and enhanced educational practice within the Canadian province so that students with special needs will receive appropriate…

Wosnack, Niki

355

Passive millimeter-wave imaging device for naval special warfare  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Navy Coastal Systems Station (CSS) is currently executing a program to develop a small, lightweight, low power passive millimeter wave imager. The end user will be Naval Special Operations Forces (SOF). The program began by conducting a feasibility assessment of the potential Passive Millimeter Wave (PMMW) technology that would meet the Naval Special Warfare (NSW) mission requirements. A performance analysis was conducted to compare the capabilities of the various PMMW imager technologies. Finally, a technology development road map is under development, which will include all recommendations for hardware development and image processing. Other DoD and industrial programs are being monitored for leveraging potential to insure the imager program will use the latest technology available. As a result of a technology survey, CSS decided to leverage their development funds with Eglin Air Force Base to develop an antenna-coupled microbolometer. This paper will discuss the program plans, and the potential applications of PMMW technology to Naval Special Warfare.

Downs, Frank; Wood-Putnam, Jody L.; Blume, Bradley T.; Smith, Roger M.

1998-08-01

356

All-weather capability for rescue helicopters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Germany as well as in numerous other countries the air rescue system has been extended significantly since the first operation of the rescue helicopter Christoph 1. The primary target of the air rescue system was to guarantee fast and efficient emergency medical services for victims of accidents. During the years, the scope of the helicopter operations has been extended not only to other types of emergency medical services, but also to secondary medical services like the displacement of patients from hospitals to special service hospitals. While in general the displacement of patients is operated from well known and registered helipads, the primary rescue service currently has to rely on available onboard systems only. Those operations are risky and challenging for the pilots because of time pressure and the danger of obstacles in the environment of the helicopter. In addition, reduced visibility due to fog, rainfall or low light levels can further increase the risks or can make the services unavailable at all. Almost one decade ago, Eurocopter started the investigation of technologies and systems that could help the pilots to perform their tasks with reduced workload and risk, and to allow for a 24 h operation of helicopters irrespective of the weather conditions. After a number of preliminary studies, in 1995 the research program 'All-weather helicopter' has been started as a joint effort of Eurocopter and the supplier industry in Europe. The first phase of the program has been successfully completed in 1999 and the second phase is currently in progress.

Kreitmair-Steck, Wolfgang; Haisch, Stefan

2001-08-01

357

Developments in special geometry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We review the special geometry of Script N = 2 supersymmetric vector and hypermultiplets with emphasis on recent developments and applications. A new formulation of the local c-map based on the Hesse potential and special real coordinates is presented. Other recent developments include the Euclidean version of special geometry, and generalizations of special geometry to non-supersymmetric theories. As applications we disucss the proof that the local r-map and c-map preserve geodesic completeness, and the construction of four- and five-dimensional static solutions through dimensional reduction over time. The shared features of the real, complex and quaternionic version of special geometry are stressed throughout.

Mohaupt, Thomas; Vaughan, Owen

2012-02-01

358

77 FR 42360 - Actions on Special Permit Applications  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...exist, without their outer packaging being capable...15428-M......... Space 49 CFR Part 172 To modify the Exploration and 173. special permit...material contained in the space capsule. (mode 1...by Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company...

2012-07-18

359

Marshall Space Flight Center Test Capabilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Test Laboratory at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center has over 50 facilities across 400+ acres inside a secure, fenced facility. The entire Center is located inside the boundaries of Redstone Arsenal, a 40,000 acre military reservation. About 150 Government and 250 contractor personnel operate facilities capable of all types of propulsion and structural testing, from small components to engine systems and structural strength, structural dynamic and environmental testing. We have tremendous engineering expertise in research, evaluation, analysis, design and development, and test of space transportation systems, subsystems, and components.

Hamilton, Jeffrey T.

2005-01-01

360

Estimating Heat and Mass Transfer Processes in Green Roof Systems: Current Modeling Capabilities and Limitations (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation discusses estimating heat and mass transfer processes in green roof systems: current modeling capabilities and limitations. Green roofs are 'specialized roofing systems that support vegetation growth on rooftops.'

Tabares Velasco, P. C.

2011-04-01

361

Capability and Learning to Choose  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Capability Approach (henceforth CA) is in the first place an approach to the evaluation of individual well-being and social welfare. Many disciplines refer to the CA, first and foremost welfare economics, development studies and political philosophy. Educational theory was not among the first disciplines that took notice of the CA, but has a…

LeBmann, Ortrud

2009-01-01

362

Research for new UAV capabilities  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses research for new Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) capabilities. Findings indicate that UAV performance could be greatly enhanced by modest research. Improved sensors and communications enhance near term cost effectiveness. Improved engines, platforms, and stealth improve long term effectiveness.

Canavan, G.H.; Leadabrand, R.

1996-07-01

363

Test Facilities Capability Handbook. Revised  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The John C. Stennis Space Center (SSC) is located in Southern Mississippi near the Mississippi-Louisiana state line. SSC is chartered as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Center of Excellence for large space transportation propulsion system testing. This charter has led to many unique test facilities, capabilities and advanced technologies provided through the supporting infrastructure. SSC has conducted projects in support of such diverse activities as liquid, and hybrid rocket testing and development; material development; non-intrusive plume diagnostics; plume tracking; commercial remote sensing; test technology and more. On May 30, 1996 NASA designated SSC the lead Center for rocket propulsion testing, giving the Center total responsibility for conducting and/or managing all NASA rocket engine testing. Test services are now available not only for NASA but also for the DoD, other government agencies, academia, and industry. This handbook was developed to provide a summary of the capabilities that exist within SSC. It is intended as a primary resource document, which will provide the reader with the top-level capabilities and characteristics of the numerous test facilities, test support facilities, laboratories, and services. Due to the nature of continually evolving programs and test technologies, descriptions of the Center's current capabilities are provided. Periodic updates and revisions of this document will be made to maintain is completeness and accuracy.

Taliancich, Paula (Editor); Bruce, Robert (Editor)

2001-01-01

364

Evolving Capabilities for Virtual Globes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though thin-client spatial visualization software like Google Earth and NASA World Wind enjoy widespread popularity, a common criticism is their general lack of analytical functionality. This concern, however, is rapidly being addressed; standard and advanced geographic information system (GIS) capabilities are being developed for virtual globes--though not centralized into a single implementation or software package. The innovation is mostly originating

A. Glennon

2006-01-01

365

Exergy accounting: Capabilities and drawbacks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explains some capabilities and drawbacks of the emerging field of exergy accounting. Among other applications, exergy accounting is successfully used for diagnosing energy systems and for the accounting of Earth's exergy resources. Both applications rely on the concept of exergetic cost. This concept tries to measure the amount of exergy resources to produce any good. The process of

A. Valero

2006-01-01

366

Stimulating Innovation in Naval Special Warfare by Utilizing Small Working Groups.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Naval Special Warfare has produced successful innovation by using small working groups. Naval Special Warfare deems an innovation successful if it results in a more efficient, less risky, more cost effective method to conduct special operations. The Quant...

T. A. Rainville

2001-01-01

367

Capability 9.3 Assembly and Deployment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Large space systems are required for a range of operational, commercial and scientific missions objectives however, current launch vehicle capacities substantially limit the size of space systems (on-orbit or planetary). Assembly and Deployment is the process of constructing a spacecraft or system from modules which may in turn have been constructed from sub-modules in a hierarchical fashion. In-situ assembly of space exploration vehicles and systems will require a broad range of operational capabilities, including: Component transfer and storage, fluid handling, construction and assembly, test and verification. Efficient execution of these functions will require supporting infrastructure, that can: Receive, store and protect (materials, components, etc.); hold and secure; position, align and control; deploy; connect/disconnect; construct; join; assemble/disassemble; dock/undock; and mate/demate.

Dorsey, John

2005-01-01

368

The Nucleic Acid Database: new features and capabilities.  

PubMed

The Nucleic Acid Database (NDB) (http://ndbserver.rutgers.edu) is a web portal providing access to information about 3D nucleic acid structures and their complexes. In addition to primary data, the NDB contains derived geometric data, classifications of structures and motifs, standards for describing nucleic acid features, as well as tools and software for the analysis of nucleic acids. A variety of search capabilities are available, as are many different types of reports. This article describes the recent redesign of the NDB Web site with special emphasis on new RNA-derived data and annotations and their implementation and integration into the search capabilities. PMID:24185695

Coimbatore Narayanan, Buvaneswari; Westbrook, John; Ghosh, Saheli; Petrov, Anton I; Sweeney, Blake; Zirbel, Craig L; Leontis, Neocles B; Berman, Helen M

2014-01-01

369

Locate=Extended: A New Capability for GHR  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

GHRS proposal 5591 was designed to test the new commanding capability known as LOCATE=EXTENDED. This capability is meant to improve the centering of extended targets in the GHRS X-direction. The test executed nominally although an incorrect use of the POS TARG special requirement in the proposal specification degraded some of the data. Supplemental use of pointing data demonstrated that the new commanding functioned nominally. No significant differences in centering were found for the target, Io, among the various modes of LOCATE=EXTENDED.

Hulbert, Stephen J.; Baggett, Wayne E.

1994-11-01

370

The Nucleic Acid Database: new features and capabilities  

PubMed Central

The Nucleic Acid Database (NDB) (http://ndbserver.rutgers.edu) is a web portal providing access to information about 3D nucleic acid structures and their complexes. In addition to primary data, the NDB contains derived geometric data, classifications of structures and motifs, standards for describing nucleic acid features, as well as tools and software for the analysis of nucleic acids. A variety of search capabilities are available, as are many different types of reports. This article describes the recent redesign of the NDB Web site with special emphasis on new RNA-derived data and annotations and their implementation and integration into the search capabilities.

Coimbatore Narayanan, Buvaneswari; Westbrook, John; Ghosh, Saheli; Petrov, Anton I.; Sweeney, Blake; Zirbel, Craig L.; Leontis, Neocles B.; Berman, Helen M.

2014-01-01

371

Computer algebra and operators  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The symbolic computation of operator expansions is discussed. Some of the capabilities that prove useful when performing computer algebra computations involving operators are considered. These capabilities may be broadly divided into three areas: the algebraic manipulation of expressions from the algebra generated by operators; the algebraic manipulation of the actions of the operators upon other mathematical objects; and the development of appropriate normal forms and simplification algorithms for operators and their actions. Brief descriptions are given of the computer algebra computations that arise when working with various operators and their actions.

Fateman, Richard; Grossman, Robert

1989-01-01

372

Debating space security: Capabilities and vulnerabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. position in the debate on space security has been that (1) space-based systems could be developed and used to obtain decisive warfighting superiority over an adversary, and (2) these space-based systems, because they might give such an inordinate advantage over any adversary, will be attacked. The Russians and Chinese, in contrast, claim to be threatened by U.S. aspirations in space but deny that they pose a serious threat to U.S. space-based systems. They view the development of advanced military space systems by the United States as evidence of a growing gap of military capabilities limited only by technological—not political—constraints. They argue that U.S. missile defense systems operating in coordination with advanced satellite sensors would weaken their nuclear retaliatory potential. This dissertation argues that the positions held by both of these parties are more extreme than warranted. An analytical evaluation quickly narrows the touted capabilities and assumed vulnerabilities of space systems to a much smaller set of concerns that can be addressed by collaboration. Chapter 2: Operationally Responsive Space (ORS): Is 24/7 Warfighter Support Feasible? demonstrates the infeasibility of dramatically increasing U.S. warfighting superiority by using satellites. Chapter 3: What Can be Achieved by Attacking Satellites? makes the case that although U.S. armed forces rely extensively on its satellite infrastructure, that does not immediately make them desirable targets. The functions performed by military satellites are diffused among large constellations with redundancies. Also, some of the functions performed by these satellites can be substituted for by other terrestrial and aerial systems. Chapter 4: The Limits of Chinese Anti-Satellite Missiles demonstrates that anti-satellite (ASAT) intercepts are very complex under realistic conditions and that a potential adversary with space capabilities comparable to China's has very limited capability to use ASATs in a real-world battle scenario. Finally, in order to evaluate the chief concern raised by the Russians and Chinese, chapter 5: Satellites, Missile Defense and Space Security simulates a boost-phase missile defense system cued by the advanced Space Tracking and Surveillance (STSS) sensors. It demonstrates that even under best case assumptions, the STSS sensors are not good enough for the boost-phase missile defense system to successfully intercept and destroy an ICBM. Together, these chapters aim to narrow the contentions in the debate on space security thereby fostering the international colloboration and data sharing needed to ensure safe operations in space.

Sankaran, Jaganath

373

Resistive Plate Chamber Efficiency & Rate Capability Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bakelite-based resistive plate chambers (RPCs) are particle detectors commonly used in muon trigger systems for high-energy physics experiments. Bakelite RPCs combine fast response, sufficient position resolution and low cost, and they can be operated at instantaneous background rates up to approximately 1.5 kHz/cm^2. Current and future collider experiments will demand operation of trigger RPCs under background rates higher than what is currently achieved. The rate capability is related to the bulk and surface conductivities of the Bakelite material used for the plates bordering the active gas volume in the RPCs. At the LHC and RHIC, these surfaces are coated with linseed oil, which lowers the surface resistivity of the Bakelite, which, to a point, improves the rate capability of the detectors. We have doped our own plates with various concentrations of carbon black. Over the past year we have tested RPCs with Bakelite plates of different resistivity using cosmic ray muons and radioactive Fe55 sources to emulate different levels of background in the detector. Results on the RPC efficiencies at different background rates and for different Bakelite coatings will be presented.

Candocia, Max

2012-10-01

374

Thyratron capable of reverse conduction  

SciTech Connect

The invention provides a laser arrangement including in its discharge circuit a switching thyratron which is capable of conduction normally in one direction and protectively in the reverse direction. The thyratron has an anode formed as a hollow body which is adapted to retain plasma generated during a pulse of forward conduction so that the anode is provided to act as a cathode permitting protective reversal of the thyratron when this is subject to reversal of voltage.

Menown, H.; Neale, C.V.; Newton, B.P.

1985-07-02

375

NIST Special Database 10  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document describes the NIST fingerprint database, NIST Special Database 10. The databaseprovides a large sample of patterns for transitional fingerprint classes and classes with a low naturalfrequency of occurrence in NIST Special Database 9. The 552 fingerprint cards in NIST SpecialDatabase 10 are non-mated cards archived on a set of three CD-ROM's with the first CD-ROMcontaining 2160 fingerprint images

C. I. Watson

1993-01-01

376

Instrumentation: Analytical Capabilities on Mars  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Human exploration of Mars will consist of a series of long-term missions, with early missions focusing upon establishing the Mars base, and undertaking basic field reconnaissance. A capable laboratory on Mars is an essential element in the exploration strategy. Analytical equipment both in the field and in the laboratory serves to extend the senses of the crew and help them sharpen their sampling skills as they learn to recognize rocks in the field and understand their geologic context and significance. On-site sample analyses allow results to be incorporated into evolving surface exploration plans and strategies, which will be developing in real-time as we learn more about Mars. Early Mars missions will focus on reconnaissance EVAs to collect rock and soil samples, maximizing the amount of Mars material returned to Earth. Later missions will be increasingly devoted to both extensive field campaigns and laboratory analyses. The capabilities and equipment described below will be built up at the Mars base incrementally over many missions, with science payloads and investigative infrastructure being partitioned among launch opportunities. This discussion considers what we require to measure, observe, and explore on a new planetary territory. Alternatively, what do we need to know and how do we equip ourselves to provide ample capabilities to acquire these data? Suggestions follow describing specific instruments that we could use. Appendix 5 lists a strawman science instrument payload, and a feasibility study of equipment transportation into the field on pressurized or unpressurized rovers.

Westall, Frances; Allen, Carl; Braiser, Martin; Farmer, Jack; Massell, Wulf; Agee, Carl B.; Steele, Andrew; Fortson, Russ

1998-01-01

377

32nm overlay improvement capabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The industry is facing a major challenge looking forward on the technology roadmap with respect to overlay control. Immersion lithography has established itself as the POR for 45nm and for the next few nodes. As the gap closes between scanner capability and device requirements new methodologies need to be taken into consideration. Double patterning lithography is an approach that's being considered for 32 and below, but it creates very strict demands for overlay performance. The fact that a single layer device will need to be patterned using two sequential single processes creates a strong coupling between the 1st and 2nd exposure. The coupling effect during the double patterning process results in extremely tight tolerances for overlay error and scanner capabilities. The purpose of this paper is to explore a new modeling method to improve lithography performance for the 32nm node. Not necessarily unique for double patterning, but as a general approach to improve overlay performance regardless of which patterning process is implemented. We will achieve this by performing an in depth source of variance analysis of current scanner performance and project the anticipated improvements from our new modeling approach. Since the new modeling approach will involve 2nd and 3rd order corrections we will also provide and analysis that outlines current metrology capabilities and sampling optimizations to further expand the opportunities of an efficient implementation of such approach.

Eichelberger, Brad; Huang, Kevin; O'Brien, Kelly; Tien, David; Tsai, Frank; Minvielle, Anna; Singh, Lovejeet; Schefske, Jeffrey

2008-03-01

378

Exploration Medical Capability - Technology Watch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objectives of the Technology Watch process are to identify emerging, high-impact technologies that augment current ExMC development efforts, and to work with academia, industry, and other government agencies to accelerate the development of medical care and research capabilities for the mitigation of potential health issues that could occur during space exploration missions. The establishment of collaborations with these entities is beneficial to technology development, assessment and/or insertion. Such collaborations also further NASA s goal to provide a safe and healthy environment for human exploration. The Tech Watch project addresses requirements and capabilities identified by knowledge and technology gaps that are derived from a discrete set of medical conditions that are most likely to occur on exploration missions. These gaps are addressed through technology readiness level assessments, market surveys, collaborations and distributed innovation opportunities. Ultimately, these gaps need to be closed with respect to exploration missions, and may be achieved through technology development projects. Information management is a key aspect to this process where Tech Watch related meetings, research articles, collaborations and partnerships are tracked by the HRP s Exploration Medical Capabilities (ExMC) Element. In 2011, ExMC will be introducing the Tech Watch external website and evidence wiki that will provide access to ExMC technology and knowledge gaps, technology needs and requirements documents.

Krihak, Michael; Watkins, Sharmila; Barr, Yael; Barsten, Kristina; Fung, Paul; Baumann, David

2011-01-01

379

Capabilities of low power excimer lasers in micromachining  

Microsoft Academic Search

Small excimer lasers in combination with high-resolution imaging and precision motion control systems are capable of direct-write shaping of many polymers, ceramics, glasses, and metal films. Microfabrication workstations of this type are often characterized by size, cost, and facilities requirements compatible with the resources of most laboratories and speciality shops involved in development or small-batch manufacturing of microstructures. Use of

C. P. Christensen

1993-01-01

380

National Transonic Facility: A review of the operational plan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The proposed National Transonic Facility (NTF) operational plan is reviewed. The NTF will provide an aerodynamic test capability significantly exceeding that of other transonic regime wind tunnels now available. A limited number of academic research program that might use the NTF are suggested. It is concluded that the NTF operational plan is useful for management, technical, instrumentation, and model building techniques available in the specialized field of aerodynamic analysis and simulation. It is also suggested that NASA hold an annual conference to discuss wind tunnel research results and to report on developments that will further improve the utilization and cost effectiveness of the NTF and other wind tunnels.

Liepmann, H. W.; Black, R. E.; Dietz, R. O.; Kirchner, M. E.; Sears, W. R.

1980-01-01

381

Specialized brain cooling in humans?  

PubMed

Humans, compared to other species, have exceptional capability for dissipation of heat from the entire skin surface. We can secrete more than two liters per hour of sweat, indefinitely. The corresponding potential for evaporative cooling is near a thousand watts, sufficient to compensate for the extreme high levels of heat production during exercise. Also, the blood vessels of our skin have exceptional capability to dilate and deliver heat to the body surface. These are our special adaptations for thermal stress. They allow prolonged heavy exercise with modest elevations in the temperature of the fluid that cools all the internal organs, not just the brain-arterial blood. The vascular architecture of the human head is radically different from that of animals that exhibit SBC. These species have special adaptations that reflect their dependence on respiratory evaporation, particularly the limitation imposed on capability to dispose of heat produced during exercise. The increase in blood temperature in an intense sprint would heat the well-perfused brain rapidly. But the heat exchange over the large surface area of contact between a venous plexus cooled by respiratory evaporation and the meshwork of arterial vessels in the carotid rete precools blood bound for the brain. Specialized cooling of the brain (SBC) has not been demonstrated by direct measurements in humans. Changes in tympanic temperature (Tty) are taken as evidence for SBC. This continues an unfortunate tradition of exaggeration of the significance of Tty. In the only direct measurements available, brain temperature was unaffected by fanning the face although Tty did fall. What may appear to be a remnant of the carotid rete heat exchanger in humans is the intimate association between a short segment of the internal carotid artery and the plexus of veins in the cavernous sinus. Fortunately, the brain need not rely for its cooling on countercurrent heat exchange across this small surface area of contact. In humans, SBC stands for skin: the body cooler--we use our entire skin surface for heat dissipation. PMID:8375613

Brengelmann, G L

1993-09-01

382

An SSM/I radiometer simulator for studies of microwave emission from soil. [Special Sensor Microwave/Imager  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A ground-based simulator of the defense meterological satellite program special sensor microwave/imager (DMSP SSM/I) is described, and its integration with micrometeorological instrumentation for an investigation of microwave emission from moist and frozen soils is discussed. The simulator consists of three single polarization radiometers which are capable of both Dicke radiometer and total power radiometer modes of operation. The radiometers are designed for untended operation through a local computer and a daily telephone link to a laboratory. The functional characteristics of the radiometers are described, together with their field deployment configuration and an example of performance parameters.

Galantowicz, J. F.; England, A. W.

1992-01-01

383

Design of a specialized computer for on-line monitoring of cardiac stroke volume  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design of a specialized analog computer for on-line determination of cardiac stroke volume by means of a modified version of the pressure pulse contour method is presented. The design consists of an analog circuit for computation and a timing circuit for detecting necessary events on the pressure waveform. Readouts of arterial pressures, systolic duration, heart rate, percent change in stroke volume, and percent change in cardiac output are provided for monitoring cardiac patients. Laboratory results showed that computational accuracy was within 3 percent, while animal experiments verified the operational capability of the computer. Patient safety considerations are also discussed.

Webb, J. A., Jr.; Gebben, V. D.

1972-01-01

384

Ship Operations Report 1974.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NOAA Ship Operations Report 1974 was developed to provide a summary of projects undertaken during calendar year 1974. The report was prepared from season, cruise and special reports submitted by ships of the fleet. Throughout the year, ships routinely...

1975-01-01

385

Special Education Resource System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide to the Special Education Resource System (SERS) of the Flour Bluff (Texas) school system contains policies and procedures regarding organization, services, and process of the system. Noted is the SERS purpose of providing information and access to appropriate instructional media and materials for special education personnel. Briefly…

Kampert, George J.

386

Handbook of Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to serve as a basic reference work for students and professionals in special education, the book contains 34 author contributed chapters concerned with the conceptual foundations of special education, service delivery systems, curriculum and methods, and child and child/environmental management. Chapters have the following titles and…

Kauffman, James M., Ed.; Hallahan, Daniel P., Ed.

387

Special Education in Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Major changes in special education during the past five years in Canada and the United States are reviewed in terms of (1) ideological conflict, (2) lack of empirical data, (3) rapid expansion of disability categories, (4) emergence of equality rights, (5) critical views of special education, and (6) new trends such as integration. (DB)

Csapo, Marg

1992-01-01

388

Challenges Facing Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents 17 selected papers from recent issues of the journal, "Focus on Exceptional Children," concerning current and emerging challenges facing the field of special education. The book is organized in two parts. Part 1, "Contemporary Challenges," includes the following articles: "Transitions in Early Childhood Special Education: Issues…

Meyen, Edward L., Ed.; And Others

389

Special Education in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special education has been gaining intense attention from governments and educators throughout the world. As a developing country, and official candidate for the European Union, Turkey has been working on issues related to special education provision and inclusive education to improve the quality of services for citizens with disabilities. This…

Melekoglu, Macid A.; Cakiroglu, Orhan; Malmgren, Kimber W.

2009-01-01

390

Problems, Methods and Specialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The large aspiration to place the whole of software development alongside the established branches as one more branch of engineering is misconceived. Our aspiration should be to develop specialized branches of software engineering, each meriting its own place alongside the specialized established branches.

Michael Jackson

1994-01-01

391

Assessing Special Events.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special events defined as being "newsworthy events" are becoming a way of American life. They are also a means for making a lot of money. Examples of special events that are cited most frequently are often the most minor of events; e.g., the open house, the new business opening day gala, or a celebration of some event in an organization. Little…

Neff, Bonita Dostal

392

Energy Management and Control System: Desired Capabilities and Functionality  

SciTech Connect

This document discusses functions and capabilities of a typical building/facility energy management and control systems (EMCS). The overall intent is to provide a building operator, manager or engineer with basic background information and recommended functions, capabilities, and good/best practices that will enable the control systems to be fully utilized/optimized, resulting in improved building occupant quality of life and more reliable, energy efficient facilities.

Hatley, Darrel D.; Meador, Richard J.; Katipamula, Srinivas; Brambley, Michael R.; Wouden, Carl

2005-04-29

393

GLOBAL OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW (GOER) PROCESS  

EPA Science Inventory

Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC) is forging a new automated environmental planning tool for use by mission commanders, planners, operators, and environmental professionals for overseas and homeland defense operations. The GOER is an environmental tool with operational...

394

Determining your organization's 'risk capability'.  

PubMed

An assessment of a provider's level of risk capability should focus on three key elements: Business intelligence, including sophisticated analytical models that can offer insight into the expected cost and quality of care for a given population. Clinical enterprise maturity, marked by the ability to improve health outcomes and to manage utilization and costs to drive change. Revenue transformation, emphasizing the need for a revenue cycle platform that allows for risk acceptance and management and that provides incentives for performance against defined objectives. PMID:24851456

Hannah, Bill; Hancock, Melinda

2014-05-01

395

Special Functions Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

EJS Special Functions Model shows how to access special functions in the OSP numerics package. The simulation displays a graph of the special function over the given range as well as the value of the selected function at a single point. The following special functions can be displayed: Legendre polynomials Pn(x) associated Legendre functions Pnm(x) Laguerre polynomials Ln(x) associated Laguerre polynomials Lnm(x) Chebyshev polynomials of the first kind Tn(x) Chebyshev polynomials of the second kind Un(x) Bessel functions Jn(x) A description of the EJS special functions along with links to more information about the functions are provided.

Christian, Wolfgang

2008-12-16

396

78 FR 65429 - Pipeline Safety: Request for Special Permit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...special permit from a pipeline operator seeking relief...compliance with certain pipeline safety regulations...includes a technical analysis provided by the operator...Williams Gas Pipeline 49 CFR...

2013-10-31

397

77 FR 58623 - Pipeline Safety: Request for Special Permit  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...special permit from a pipeline operator seeking relief...compliance with certain pipeline safety regulations...includes a technical analysis provided by the operator...authorize Gulf South Pipeline Company, South Pipeline...transporting natural gas from a point...

2012-09-21

398

NNSA/NV Consequence Management Capabilities for Radiological Emergency Response  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Operations Office (NNSA/NV) provides an integrated Consequence Management (CM) response capability for the (NNSA) in the event of a radiological emergency. This encompasses planning, technical operations, and home team support. As the lead organization for CM planning and operations, NNSA/NV coordinates the response of the following assets during the planning and operational phases of a radiological accident or incident: (1) Predictive dispersion modeling through the Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the High Consequence Assessment Group at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); (2) Regional radiological emergency assistance through the eight Radiological Assistance Program (RAP) regional response centers; (3) Medical advice and assistance through the Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site (REAC/TS) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee; (4) Aerial radiological mapping using the fixed-wing and rotor-wing aircraft of the Aerial Measuring System (AMS); (5) Consequence Management Planning Teams (CMPT) and Consequence Management Response Teams (CMRT) to provide CM field operations and command and control. Descriptions of the technical capabilities employed during planning and operations are given below for each of the elements comprising the integrated CM capability.

D. R. Bowman

2002-10-01

399

Collaborative environments for capability-based planning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Distributed collaboration is an emerging technology for the 21st century that will significantly change how business is conducted in the defense and commercial sectors. Collaboration involves two or more geographically dispersed entities working together to create a "product" by sharing and exchanging data, information, and knowledge. A product is defined broadly to include, for example, writing a report, creating software, designing hardware, or implementing robust systems engineering and capability planning processes in an organization. Collaborative environments provide the framework and integrate models, simulations, domain specific tools, and virtual test beds to facilitate collaboration between the multiple disciplines needed in the enterprise. The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) is conducting a leading edge program in developing distributed collaborative technologies targeted to the Air Force's implementation of systems engineering for a simulation-aided acquisition and capability-based planning. The research is focusing on the open systems agent-based framework, product and process modeling, structural architecture, and the integration technologies - the glue to integrate the software components. In past four years, two live assessment events have been conducted to demonstrate the technology in support of research for the Air Force Agile Acquisition initiatives. The AFRL Collaborative Environment concept will foster a major cultural change in how the acquisition, training, and operational communities conduct business.

McQuay, William K.

2005-05-01

400

Numerical modeling capabilities to predict repository performance  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a summary of current numerical modeling capabilities that are applicable to the design and performance evaluation of underground repositories for the storage of nuclear waste. The report includes codes that are available in-house, within Golder Associates and Lawrence Livermore Laboratories; as well as those that are generally available within the industry and universities. The first listing of programs are in-house codes in the subject areas of hydrology, solute transport, thermal and mechanical stress analysis, and structural geology. The second listing of programs are divided by subject into the following categories: site selection, structural geology, mine structural design, mine ventilation, hydrology, and mine design/construction/operation. These programs are not specifically designed for use in the design and evaluation of an underground repository for nuclear waste; but several or most of them may be so used.

Not Available

1979-09-01

401

NASA Biomedical Informatics Capabilities and Needs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To improve on-orbit clinical capabilities by developing and providing operational support for intelligent, robust, reliable, and secure, enterprise-wide and comprehensive health care and biomedical informatics systems with increasing levels of autonomy, for use on Earth, low Earth orbit & exploration class missions. Biomedical Informatics is an emerging discipline that has been defined as the study, invention, and implementation of structures and algorithms to improve communication, understanding and management of medical information. The end objective of biomedical informatics is the coalescing of data, knowledge, and the tools necessary to apply that data and knowledge in the decision-making process, at the time and place that a decision needs to be made.

Johnson-Throop, Kathy A.

2009-01-01

402

Special Class Placements as Labels: Effects on Children's Attitudes toward Learning Handicapped Peers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in grades four to six (N=77) judged the capabilities of peers traditionally labeled as "learning disabled" or "educable mentally retarded" but depicted in written vignettes only as attending either a resource room or special classroom. Students in special classes were judged significantly less capable than students in resource room…

Bak, John J.; And Others

1987-01-01

403

Precision Departure Release Capability (PDRC) Technology Description  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

After takeoff, aircraft must merge into en route (Center) airspace traffic flows which may be subject to constraints that create localized demand-capacity imbalances. When demand exceeds capacity, Traffic Management Coordinators (TMCs) often use tactical departure scheduling to manage the flow of departures into the constrained Center traffic flow. Tactical departure scheduling usually involves use of a Call for Release (CFR) procedure wherein the Tower must call the Center TMC to coordinate a release time prior to allowing the flight to depart. In present-day operations release times are computed by the Center Traffic Management Advisor (TMA) decision support tool based upon manual estimates of aircraft ready time verbally communicated from the Tower to the Center. The TMA-computed release is verbally communicated from the Center back to the Tower where it is relayed to the Local controller as a release window that is typically three minutes wide. The Local controller will manage the departure to meet the coordinated release time window. Manual ready time prediction and verbal release time coordination are labor intensive and prone to inaccuracy. Also, use of release time windows adds uncertainty to the tactical departure process. Analysis of more than one million flights from January 2011 indicates that a significant number of tactically scheduled aircraft missed their en route slot due to ready time prediction uncertainty. Uncertainty in ready time estimates may result in missed opportunities to merge into constrained en route flows and lead to lost throughput. Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen) plans call for development of Tower automation systems capable of computing surface trajectory-based ready time estimates. NASA has developed the Precision Departure Release Capability (PDRC) concept that uses this technology to improve tactical departure scheduling by automatically communicating surface trajectory-based ready time predictions to the Center scheduling tool. The PDRC concept also incorporates earlier NASA and FAA research into automation-assisted CFR coordination. The PDRC concept helps reduce uncertainty by automatically communicating coordinated release times with seconds-level precision enabling TMCs to work with target times rather than windows. NASA has developed a PDRC prototype system that integrates the Center's TMA system with a research prototype Tower decision support tool. A two-phase field evaluation was conducted at NASA's North Texas Research Station (NTX) in Dallas-Fort Worth. The field evaluation validated the PDRC concept and demonstrated reduced release time uncertainty while being used for tactical departure scheduling of more than 230 operational flights over 29 weeks of operations. This paper presents the Technology Description. Companion papers include the Final Report and a Concept of Operations.

Engelland, Shawn A.; Capps, Richard; Day, Kevin; Robinson, Corissia; Null, Jody R.

2013-01-01

404

Precision Departure Release Capability (PDRC) Final Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

After takeoff, aircraft must merge into en route (Center) airspace traffic flows that may be subject to constraints that create localized demand/capacity imbalances. When demand exceeds capacity, Traffic Management Coordinators (TMCs) and Frontline Managers (FLMs) often use tactical departure scheduling to manage the flow of departures into the constrained Center traffic flow. Tactical departure scheduling usually involves a Call for Release (CFR) procedure wherein the Tower must call the Center to coordinate a release time prior to allowing the flight to depart. In present-day operations release times are computed by the Center Traffic Management Advisor (TMA) decision support tool, based upon manual estimates of aircraft ready time verbally communicated from the Tower to the Center. The TMA-computed release time is verbally communicated from the Center back to the Tower where it is relayed to the Local controller as a release window that is typically three minutes wide. The Local controller will manage the departure to meet the coordinated release time window. Manual ready time prediction and verbal release time coordination are labor intensive and prone to inaccuracy. Also, use of release time windows adds uncertainty to the tactical departure process. Analysis of more than one million flights from January 2011 indicates that a significant number of tactically scheduled aircraft missed their en route slot due to ready time prediction uncertainty. Uncertainty in ready time estimates may result in missed opportunities to merge into constrained en route flows and lead to lost throughput. Next Generation Air Transportation System plans call for development of Tower automation systems capable of computing surface trajectory-based ready time estimates. NASA has developed the Precision Departure Release Capability (PDRC) concept that improves tactical departure scheduling by automatically communicating surface trajectory-based ready time predictions and departure runway assignments to the Center scheduling tool. The PDRC concept also incorporates earlier NASA and FAA research into automation-assisted CFR coordination. The PDRC concept reduces uncertainty by automatically communicating coordinated release times with seconds-level precision enabling TMCs and FLMs to work with target times rather than windows. NASA has developed a PDRC prototype system that integrates the Center's TMA system with a research prototype Tower decision support tool. A two-phase field evaluation was conducted at NASA's North Texas Research Station in Dallas/Fort Worth. The field evaluation validated the PDRC concept and demonstrated reduced release time uncertainty while being used for tactical departure scheduling of more than 230 operational flights over 29 weeks of operations. This paper presents research results from the PDRC research activity. Companion papers present the Concept of Operations and a Technology Description.

Engelland, Shawn A.; Capps, Richard; Day, Kevin Brian; Kistler, Matthew Stephen; Gaither, Frank; Juro, Greg

2013-01-01

405

Supporting Special Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many secondary science teachers feel overwhelmed by directives to adapt curriculum and instruction for students with special needs. So, how can science teachers juggle their familiar responsibilities as well as the new skills needed in today's diverse cla

Conn, Kathleen

2001-03-01

406

Special Issue: Viktor Lowenfeld.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Viktor Lowenfeld's role in fashioning a predominant ideology and teaching method for art education in schools is an indispensable chapter in the history of art education. His contributions are discussed in this special issue. (RM)

Youngblood, Michael S., Ed.

1982-01-01

407

My Special Place  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students pick a place of significance to them (their Special Place) for analysis in this semester-long project. (A model is provided by the instructor using a place the students are not likely to have visited.)

Moosavi, Sadredin

408

National Special Security Events.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Major events that are considered to be nationally significant may be designated by the President-or his representative, the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS)- as National Special Security Events (NSSE). Beginning in September 1998 thr...

S. Reese

2009-01-01

409

National Special Security Events.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Major events that are considered to be nationally significant may be designated by the President or his representative, the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) as National Special Security Events (NSSE) Beginning in September 1998 throu...

S. Reese

2007-01-01

410

Special parallel processing workshop  

SciTech Connect

This report contains viewgraphs from the Special Parallel Processing Workshop. These viewgraphs deal with topics such as parallel processing performance, message passing, queue structure, and other basic concept detailing with parallel processing.

NONE

1994-12-01

411

Special Noise Barrier Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report summarizes an investigation of the technical, aesthetic, and economic feasibilities of incorporating special noise barrier applications into a highway noise control program. The intent of the report is to take as a starting point the thin, vert...

L. F. Cohn R. A. Harris

1993-01-01

412

Online Learning: Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special section includes "The View from the Middle" (Dick Schaaf); "Crossing the Channel" (Dawn Garrett); and "Bandwidth Basics" (Dick Schaaf). Sidebars look at bandwidth and management issues as well as courseware development. (JOW)

Training, 1999

1999-01-01

413

Special Edition: Windows XP  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new special edition from Northern Light (last mentioned in the January 11, 2001 Scout Report for Business & Economics) features selected and organized resources on Windows XP. The resources, which will be updated weekly, include links to external sites, documents from Northern Light's library, and search results generated on-the-fly for selected phrases. The special edition is divided into eleven sections, such as Office XP, Security, Legal Issues, and News & Reviews.

1997-01-01

414

Exploring a dynamic framework of innovative capability: a theoretical integration of technological and marketing capabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A conceptual framework is presented to address the interaction of innovative capability, marketing capability and technological capability. The proposed framework attempts to examine the role of marketing and technological capabilities in developing innovative capability. While innovation has been linked to market orientation through organisational innovativeness, little is known about learning processes between exploration and exploitation for enhancing innovative capability. This

Teck-Yong Eng; Duygu Okten

2011-01-01

415

Magnonic holographic devices for special type data processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, we consider the possibility of building magnetic analog logic devices utilizing spin wave interference for special task data processing. As an example, we consider a multi-terminal magnonic matrix switch comprising multiferroic elements and a two-dimensional grid of magnetic waveguides connected via four-terminal cross-junctions. The multiferroic elements are placed on the periphery of the switch and used as input/output ports for signal conversion among the electric and magnetic domains. Data processing is accomplished via the use of spin wave interference within the magnonic matrix. We present the results of numerical modeling illustrating device operation for pattern matching, finding the period of the data string, and image processing. We also present the results of numerical modeling showing the device capabilities as a magnetic holographic memory. Magnonic holographic devices are of great potential to complement the conventional general-type processors in special task data processing and may provide a new direction for functional throughput enhancement. According to estimates, magnonic holographic devices can provide up to 1 Tb/cm2 data storage density and data processing rate exceeding 1018 bits/s/cm2. The physical limitations and practical challenges of the proposed approach are discussed.

Khitun, Alexander

2013-04-01

416

An overview of Spacelab capabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The crew functions, instrumentation, and mission profiles for the Spacelab to be flown on board the Shuttle are described. The Spacelab will be operated by up to four scientists or engineers who are not pilots, and who are required to pass only an FAA Class III physical examination to qualify for flight. Of modular design, the Spacelab pallets can house a laboratory for human operation, or experimental pallets for control by either the ground or the Orbiter crew. A shirt sleeve environment is provided by the manned laboratory version, with the crew staying in the Orbiter mid-deck during launch and landing. Electrical power is derived from the Orbiter fuel cells, up to 12 kW for 15 min every three hours and to a total of 890 kWh. Features of the Instrument Pointing System are outlined, along with the data transmission and relay systems and the on-ground check-out facilities.

Harrington, J. C.; Lohman, R. L.; Moye, J. E.

1982-03-01

417

What is industry's deepwater capability  

SciTech Connect

Industry now has drilled many wells in water depths of from 2000 to 5000 ft offshore countries like Canada, Surinam, Australia, UK, Spain, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Gabon, Brazil, Mauritania, Indonesia, Morocco and Ireland. The US has the world's best technology and the world's best experience and most of the world's proven deepwater drilling equipment and contractors are in the US. However, the US has not released for exploration its deepwater areas. The OCS out to 600+ ft is being exlored in a routine manner by mobile, bottom-supported and floating drilling equipment. The continental slope (600 to 5000 ft.) is being explored by the special deepwater floating drilling units. The continental rise (5000 to 13,000 ft.) is industry's next objective for exploration. The technology and experience used in exploration drilling is applied to producing oil/gas in deepwater. Production is handled by a floating platform resembling a semi drilling rig with a production riser substituting for the drilling riser. Industry takes small, steady steps to develop its techniques for drilling and producing. (DP)

Hammett, D.

1980-11-01

418

NUCLEAR INCIDENT CAPABILITIES, KNOWLEDGE & ENABLER LEVERAGING  

SciTech Connect

The detonation of a 10 Kiloton Improvised Nuclear Device (IND) is a serious scenario that the United States must be prepared to address. The likelihood of a single nuclear bomb exploding in a single city is greater today than at the height of the Cold War. Layered defenses against domestic nuclear terrorism indicate that our government continues to view the threat as credible. The risk of such an event is further evidenced by terrorists desire to acquire nuclear weapons. The act of nuclear terrorism, particularly an act directed against a large population center in the United States, will overwhelm the capabilities of many local and state governments to respond, and will seriously challenge existing federal response capabilities. A 10 Kiloton IND detonation would cause total infrastructure damage in a 3-mile radius and levels of radiation spanning out 3,000 square miles. In a densely populated urban area, the anticipated casualties would be in excess of several hundred thousand. Although there would be enormous loss of life, housing and infrastructure, an IND detonation is a recoverable event. We can reduce the risk of these high-consequence, nontraditional threats by enhancing our nuclear detection architecture and establishing well planned and rehearsed plans for coordinated response. It is also important for us to identify new and improved ways to foster collaboration regarding the response to the IND threat to ensure the demand and density of expertise required for such an event is postured and prepared to mobilize, integrate, and support a myriad of anticipated challenges. We must be prepared to manage the consequences of such an event in a deliberate manner and get beyond notions of total devastation by adopting planning assumptions around survivability and resiliency. Planning for such a scenario needs to be decisive in determining a response based on competencies and desired outcomes. It is time to synthesize known threats and plausible consequences into action. Much work needs to be accomplished to enhance nuclear preparedness and to substantially bolster and clarify the capacity to deploy competent resources. Until detailed plans are scripted, and personnel and other resources are postured, and exercised, IND specific planning remains an urgent need requiring attention and action. Although strategic guidance, policies, concepts of operations, roles, responsibilities, and plans governing the response and consequence management for the IND scenario exist, an ongoing integration challenge prevails regarding how best to get capable and competent surge capacity personnel (disaster reservists) and other resources engaged and readied in an up-front manner with pre-scripted assignments to augment the magnitude of anticipated demands of expertise. With the above in mind, Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) puts science to work to create and deploy practical, high-value, cost-effective nuclear solutions. As the Department of Energy's (DOE) applied research and development laboratory, SRNL supports Savannah River Site (SRS) operations, DOE, national initiatives, and other federal agencies, across the country and around the world. SRNL's parent at SRS also employs more than 8,000 personnel. The team is a great asset that seeks to continue their service in the interest of national security and stands ready to accomplish new missions. Overall, an integral part of the vision for SRNL's National and Homeland Security Directorate is the establishment of a National Security Center at SRNL, and development of state of the science capabilities (technologies and trained technical personnel) for responding to emergency events on local, regional, or national scales. This entails leveraging and posturing the skills, knowledge and experience base of SRS personnel to deliver an integrated capability to support local, state, and federal authorities through the development of pre-scripted requests for assistance, agreements, and plans. It also includes developing plans, training, exercises, recruitment strategies, and processes to e

Kinney, J.; Newman, J.; Goodwyn, A.; Dewes, J.

2011-04-18

419

Research to Operations: The Critical Transition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Space Life Sciences Directorate (SLSD) specializes in transitioning technology and knowledge to medical operations. This activity encompasses funding a spectrum of research and technology efforts, such as understanding fundamental biological mechanisms altered by microgravity and executing technology watches for state of the art diagnostic imaging equipment. This broad spectrum approach to fulfilling the need to protect crewmember health and performance during long and short duration missions to the International Space Station, moon and Mars is made possible by having a line of site between research and operations. Currently, SLSD's line of site is articulated in a transition to medical practice (TMP) process. This process is designed to shepherd information and knowledge gained through fundamental and mechanistic research toward the development of an operational solution such as a pre-flight selection criteria; an in-flight countermeasure, monitoring capability or treatment; or a post-flight reconditioning program. The TMP process is also designed to assist with the customization of mature hardware or technology for NASA specific use. The benefits of this process are that the concept of operational usability is interjected early in the research, design, or acquisition phase, and stakeholders are involved early to identify requirements and also periodically asked to assess requirements compliance of research or technology development project. Currently a device known as the actiwatch is being assessed for the final transition to operational use. Specific examples of research to operations transition success help to illustrate the process and bolster communication between the research and medical operations communities.

Fogarty, Jennifer A.

2009-01-01

420

Solar mechanics thermal response capabilities.  

SciTech Connect

In many applications, the thermal response of structures exposed to solar heat loads is of interest. Solar mechanics governing equations were developed and integrated with the Calore thermal response code via user subroutines to provide this computational simulation capability. Solar heat loads are estimated based on the latitude and day of the year. Vector algebra is used to determine the solar loading on each face of a finite element model based on its orientation relative to the sun as the earth rotates. Atmospheric attenuation is accounted for as the optical path length varies from sunrise to sunset. Both direct and diffuse components of solar flux are calculated. In addition, shadowing of structures by other structures can be accounted for. User subroutines were also developed to provide convective and radiative boundary conditions for the diurnal variations in air temperature and effective sky temperature. These temperature boundary conditions are based on available local weather data and depend on latitude and day of the year, consistent with the solar mechanics formulation. These user subroutines, coupled with the Calore three-dimensional thermal response code, provide a complete package for addressing complex thermal problems involving solar heating. The governing equations are documented in sufficient detail to facilitate implementation into other heat transfer codes. Suggestions for improvements to the approach are offered.

Dobranich, Dean D.

2009-07-01

421

OPSAID improvements and capabilities report.  

SciTech Connect

Process Control System (PCS) and Industrial Control System (ICS) security is critical to our national security. But there are a number of technological, economic, and educational impediments to PCS owners implementing effective security on their systems. Sandia National Laboratories has performed the research and development of the OPSAID (Open PCS Security Architecture for Interoperable Design), a project sponsored by the US Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (DOE/OE), to address this issue. OPSAID is an open-source architecture for PCS/ICS security that provides a design basis for vendors to build add-on security devices for legacy systems, while providing a path forward for the development of inherently-secure PCS elements in the future. Using standardized hardware, a proof-of-concept prototype system was also developed. This report describes the improvements and capabilities that have been added to OPSAID since an initial report was released. Testing and validation of this architecture has been conducted in another project, Lemnos Interoperable Security Project, sponsored by DOE/OE and managed by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL).

Halbgewachs, Ronald D.; Chavez, Adrian R.

2011-08-01

422

Infrared scene capabilities of SHIPIR  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A signature model called SHIPIR was developed by W. R. Davis Engineering Ltd (DAVIS) and the Defence Research Establishment Valcartier (DREV). The IR scene component of the model incorporates a full-hemispherical background, the ability to define multiple ship targets, each with their own exhaust plume and flare decoy deployments, and an interactive engagement simulation with an IR observer or seeker model. The model runs on an entry-level Silicon Graphics (SGI) workstation. The program relies on the color image display for both signature analysis and to drive the engagement model. To achieve reasonable refresh rates and meet the necessary image resolution requirements, a unique set of display routines had to be devised to enhance the basic capabilities of the OpenGL graphics library. These routines, which include a multiple clipping plane algorithm, sub-image analysis, transparent plume-gas rendering, and automatic threshold detection, are described. Methods for predicting and assessing the image accuracy of a generic ship model are presented. Shortcomings of running the software on an Intel-based PC are also discussed.

Vaitekunas, David A.; Lawrence, Owen E.

1999-07-01

423

JEM/SMILES observation capability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new generation of sub-millimeter-wave receivers employing sensitive SIS (Superconductor-Insulator- Superconductor) detector technology will provide new opportunities for precise passive remote sensing observation of minor constituents in atmosphere. Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb-Emission Sounder (SMILES) was designed to be onbord the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) on the International Space Station (ISS) as a collaboration project of National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT) and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). SMILES scheduled to be launch in September 11, 2009 by the H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV). Mission Objectives are: i) Space demonstration of superconductive mixer and 4-K mechanical cooler for the submillimeter limb emission sounding, and ii) global observations of atmospheric minor constituents. JEM/SMILES will allow to observe the atmospheric species such as O3, H35Cl, H37 Cl, ClO, BrO, HOCl, HO2, and HNO3, CH3CN, and Ozone isotope species with the precisions in a few to several tens percents from upper troposphere to the mesosphere. We have estimated the observation capabilities of JEM/SMILES. This new technology may allow us to open new issues in atmospheric science.

Kasai, Yasuko J.; Baron, Philippe; Ochiai, Satoshi; Mendrok, Jana; Urban, Joachim; Murtagh, Donal; Moller, Joakim; Manabe, Takeshi; Kikuchi, Kenichi; Nishibori, Toshiyuki

2009-09-01

424

Report of a Workshop on Expanding U.S. Air Force Noncombat Mission Capabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The original purpose of the workshop was to bring together individuals knowledgeable about past noncombat military operations and to identify desirable U.S. Air Force noncombat capabilities for the changing world of the future. Noncombat operations were s...

C. Builder R. Lempert K. Lewis E. Larson M. Weiner

1993-01-01

425

High-Temperature Desalination Capability of TFC 1501 Reverse Osmosis Element.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report covers an investigation conducted to evaluate the desalination capability of TFC 1501 reverse osmosis elements when operated with feedwater the temperature of which is substantially above the maximum operating temperature (113 F) specified by ...

H. H. Goto

1982-01-01

426

Enhancing the Real-Time Capability of the Linux Kernel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Linux has become one of the most popular UNIX operating systems. Commercial support for Linux and adoption of Linux in real world applications have now started to emerge. Some of the applications have strict real-time requirements. We discuss how to make Linux a real-time operating system. The real-time capability is achieved by three new kernel mechanisms. We port a microtimer

Yu-chung Wang; Kwei-jay Lin

1998-01-01

427

Overview of future ground and space imaging capabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This talk serves as an introduction to the session and context of future exoplanet direct imaging capabilities on the ground and in space. The emphasis of the presentation is on short-medium term. On the ground a new generation of instrument (Gemini Planet Imager, VLT-SPHERE, Magellan AO) are beginning their operations with considerable improvement over the previous capabilities. In space, while HST continues operations and provides high-contrast capabilities, JWST will offer several coronagraphs both on the NIRCam and MIRI instrument as well as an aperture masking mode on NIRISS. The possibility of a coronagraphy on WFIRST/AFTA also opens new possibilities for space-based coronagraphy in the medium term.

Soummer, Remi

2014-06-01

428

Requirements Development for Interoperability Simulation Capability for Law Enforcement  

SciTech Connect

The National Counterdrug Center (NCC) was initially authorized by Congress in FY 1999 appropriations to create a simulation-based counterdrug interoperability training capability. As the lead organization for Research and Analysis to support the NCC, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was responsible for developing the requirements for this interoperability simulation capability. These requirements were structured to address the hardware and software components of the system, as well as the deployment and use of the system. The original set of requirements was developed through a process of conducting a user-based survey of requirements for the simulation capability, coupled with an analysis of similar development efforts. The user-based approach ensured that existing concerns with respect to interoperability within the law enforcement community would be addressed. Law enforcement agencies within the designated pilot area of Cochise County, Arizona, were surveyed using interviews and ride-alongs during actual operations. The results of this survey were then accumulated, organized, and validated with the agencies to ensure the accuracy of the results. These requirements were then supplemented by adapting operational requirements from existing systems to ensure system reliability and operability. The NCC adopted a development approach providing incremental capability through the fielding of a phased series of progressively more capable versions of the system. This allowed for feedback from system users to be incorporated into subsequent revisions of the system requirements, and also allowed the addition of new elements as needed to adapt the system to broader geographic and geopolitical areas, including areas along the southwest and northwest U.S. borders. This paper addresses the processes used to develop and refine requirements for the NCC interoperability simulation capability, as well as the response of the law enforcement community to the use of the NCC system. The paper also addresses the applicability of such an interoperability simulation capability to a broader set of law enforcement, border protection, site/facility security, and first-responder needs.

Holter, Gregory M.

2004-05-19

429

A Hydrodynamic Journal Bearing Test Rig with Dynamic Measurement Capabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A bearing lest rig was developed to characterize the static and dynamic properties of hydrodynamic journal bearings. Static measurement capabilities include operating eccentricity, pressure and thermal boundary conditions, and continuous circumferential pressure and film thickness profiles at multiple axial planes. Dynamic stiffness and damping coefficient measurements are achieved using steady state harmonic excitations generated by a two-axis shaker system. All

Ronald D. Flack; Gregory J. Kostrzewsky; David V. Taylor

1993-01-01

430

U.S. MERCURY RECYCLERS PROVIDE EXPANDED PROCESS CAPABILITIES  

EPA Science Inventory

This article summarizes the treatment capabilities of U.S. plants recovering mercury from a variety of secondaries. here are six non-captive U.S. operations that accept various types of mercury-containing secondaries and wastes for mercury recovery, not including those firms spec...

431

Teleoperated Modular Robots for Lunar Operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Solar system exploration is currently carried out by special purpose robots exquisitely designed for the anticipated tasks. However, all contingencies for in situ resource utilization (ISRU), human habitat preparation, and exploration will be difficult to anticipate. Furthermore, developing the necessary special purpose mechanisms for deployment and other capabilities is difficult and error prone. For example, the Galileo high gain antenna never opened, severely restricting the quantity of data returned by the spacecraft. Also, deployment hardware is used only once. To address these problems, we are developing teleoperated modular robots for lunar missions, including operations in transit from Earth. Teleoperation of lunar systems from Earth involves a three second speed-of-light delay, but experiment suggests that interactive operations are feasible.' Modular robots typically consist of many identical modules that pass power and data between them and can be reconfigured for different tasks providing great flexibility, inherent redundancy and graceful degradation as modules fail. Our design features a number of different hub, link, and joint modules to simplify the individual modules, lower structure cost, and provide specialized capabilities. Modular robots are well suited for space applications because of their extreme flexibility, inherent redundancy, high-density packing, and opportunities for mass production. Simple structural modules can be manufactured from lunar regolith in situ using molds or directed solar sintering. Software to direct and control modular robots is difficult to develop. We have used genetic algorithms to evolve both the morphology and control system for walking modular robots3 We are currently using evolvable system technology to evolve controllers for modular robots in the ISS glove box. Development of lunar modular robots will require software and physical simulators, including regolith simulation, to enable design and test of robot software and hardware, particularly automation software. Ready access to these simulators could provide opportunities for contest-driven development ala RoboCup (http://www.robocup.org/). Licensing of module designs could provide opportunities in the toy market and for spin-off applications.

Globus, Al; Hornby, Greg; Larchev, Greg; Hancher, Matt; Cannon, Howard; Lohn, Jason

2004-01-01

432

Special supplement introduction: hallucinations.  

PubMed

This Special Supplement presents reports from 11 working groups of the interdisciplinary International Consortium on Hallucination Research meeting in Durham, UK, September 2013. Topics include psychological therapies for auditory hallucinations, culture and hallucinations, hallucinations in children and adolescents, visual hallucinations, interdisciplinary approaches to the phenomenology of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs), AVHs in persons without need for care, a multisite study of the PSYRATS instrument, subtypes of AVHs, the Hearing Voices Movement, Research Domain Criteria for hallucinations, and cortical specialization as a route to understanding hallucinations. PMID:24936079

Fernyhough, Charles; Waters, Flavie

2014-07-01

433

Thunder Mountain School Is Something Special.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes Thunder Mountain School, operated year round by the Newton Board of Education under a special use permit granted by the National Park Service. The center includes sports facilities, nature preserves, a farm, and historic sites for use by residential and day students, kindergarten through college. (SJL)

NJEA Review, 1979

1979-01-01

434

Adaptive Memory: Is Survival Processing Special?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Do the operating characteristics of memory continue to bear the imprints of ancestral selection pressures? Previous work in our laboratory has shown that human memory may be specially tuned to retain information processed in terms of its survival relevance. A few seconds of survival processing in an incidental learning context can produce recall…

Nairne, James S.; Pandeirada, Josefa N. S.

2008-01-01

435

Construction Features of Special Resistance Welding Machines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the design of so-called standard resistance welders is more or less fixed, the construction of a special resistance welding machine involves a series of design factors which are only approximate and for which one allows large limits. An attempt is made to outline the elementary features of construction for successful operation by enumerating the factors which must be known.

C. L. Pfeiffer

1933-01-01

436

CTH Reference Manual: Composite Capability and Technologies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The composite material research and development performed over the last year has greatly enhanced the capabilities of CTH for non-isotropic materials. The enhancements provide the users and developers with greatly enhanced capabilities to address non-isot...

C. T. Key S. C. Schumacher

2009-01-01

437

Capability in Rockwell C Scale Hardness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A measurement system is capable if it produces measurements with uncertainties small enough for demonstration of compliance with product specifications. To establish the capability of a system for Rockwell C scale hardness, one must assess measurement unc...

W. S. Liggett, S. R. Low, D. J. Pitchure, J. Song

2000-01-01

438

A Roadmap for NEAMS Capability Transfer  

SciTech Connect

The vision of the Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) program is to bring truly predictive modeling and simulation (M&S) capabilities to the nuclear engineering community in order to enable a new approach to the design and analysis of nuclear energy systems. From its inception, the NEAMS program has always envisioned a broad user base for its software and scientific products, including researchers within the DOE complex, nuclear industry technology developers and vendors, and operators. However activities to date have focused almost exclusively on interactions with NEAMS sponsors, who are also near-term users of NEAMS technologies. The task of the NEAMS Capability Transfer (CT) program element for FY2011 is to develop a comprehensive plan to support the program's needs for user outreach and technology transfer. In order to obtain community input to this plan, a 'NEAMS Capability Transfer Roadmapping Workshop' was held 4-5 April 2011 in Chattanooga, TN, and is summarized in this report. The 30 workshop participants represented the NEAMS program, the DOE and industrial user communities, and several outside programs. The workshop included a series of presentations providing an overview of the NEAMS program and presentations on the user outreach and technology transfer experiences of (1) The Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) program, (2) The Standardized Computer Analysis for Licensing Evaluation (SCALE) project, and (3) The Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL), followed by discussion sessions. Based on the workshop and other discussions throughout the year, we make a number of recommendations of key areas for the NEAMS program to develop the user outreach and technology transfer activities: (1) Engage not only DOE, but also industrial users sooner and more often; (2) Engage with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to facilitate their understanding and acceptance of NEAMS approach to predictive M&S; (3) Place requirements gathering from prospective users on a more formal footing, updating requirements on a regular basis and incorporate them into planning and execution of the project in a traceable fashion; (4) Seek out the best available data for validation purposes, and work with experimental programs to design and carry out new experiments that satisfy the need for data suitable for validation of high-fidelity M&S codes; (5) Develop and implement program-wide plans and policies for export control, licensing, and distribution of NEAMS software products; (6) Establish a program of sponsored alpha testing by experienced users in order to obtain feedback on NEAMS codes; (7) Provide technical support for NEAMS software products; (8) Develop and deliver documentation, tutorial materials, and live training classes; and (9) Be prepared to support outside users who wish to contribute to the codes.

Bernholdt, David E [ORNL

2011-11-01

439

Special Education and Special Student Services. Status Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The four sections of this report use text, graphs, and tables to present the status of Oregon programs providing special education, compensatory education, student services, early childhood education, and special projects. The first section, on special education, provides the mission statement and the state's goals for special education and then…

Brazeau, Karen; And Others

440

Organisational Capability--What Does It Mean?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Organisational capability is rapidly becoming recognized as the key to organizational success. However, the lack of research on it has been well documented in the literature, and organizational capability remains an elusive concept. Yet an understanding of organizational capability can offer insights into how RTOs might work most effectively,…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2006

2006-01-01

441

Understanding dynamic capabilities through knowledge management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper sets out to integrate research on knowledge management with the dynamic capabilities approach. This paper will add to the understanding of dynamic capabilities by demonstrating that dynamic capabilities can be seen as composed of concrete and well-known knowledge management activities. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper is based on a literature review focusing on key knowledge management processes

Anders Paarup Nielsen

2006-01-01

442

New Scientific Capabilities of the HST WFC3  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I will describe some of the new scientific capabilities enabled by the extended wavelength coverage (0.2-1.7um), large suite of specialized filters, and improved "discovery efficiency" of HST's Wide Field Camera 3. Some examples from Cycle 17 programs include the star formation histories of nearby disk and early-type galaxies (from both resolved sources and integrated light), discovery of multi-age pre-mainsequence populations in massive Local Group star clusters, the evolutionary state of galaxies at intermediate redshifts (z 1-4), and identification of candidates for the highest redshift galaxies at z 8-9 in the Hubble Ultra Deep Field. 162

O'Connell, Robert

2010-07-01

443

Evaluating late detection capability against diverse insider adversaries  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a model for evaluating the late (after-the-fact) detection capability of material control and accountability (MCandA) systems against insider theft or diversion of special nuclear material. Potential insider cover-up strategies to defeat activities providing detection (e.g., inventories) are addressed by the model in a tractable manner. For each potential adversary and detection activity, two probabilities are assessed and used to fit the model. The model then computes the probability of detection for activities occurring periodically over time. The model provides insight into MCandA effectiveness and helps identify areas for safeguards improvement. 4 refs., 4 tabs.

Sicherman, A.

1987-12-03

444

Children in Special Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

wenty-five years ago educational services for children with disabilities were frequently fragmented, underfunded, highly segregated, and unreliable. Public schools were often ill prepared and unwilling to provide special and necessary services to children with disabilities. Over the past two decades, efforts to provide an appropriate education for children with disabilities in America—through a series of state statutes, federal court cases,

Eugene M. Lewit; Linda Schuurmann Baker; Linda Schuurmann

445

Elementary Teacher Training Specialization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This specialized teacher training program, submitted by Quincy College, Quincy, Illinois as an entry in the 1973 Distinguished Achievement Award Program, provided perspective teachers with increased opportunities and experiences in specific areas of competency. These areas were early childhood education and remedial reading. The Remedial Reading…

Quincy Coll., IL.

446

Special Theory of Relativity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two years ago I pointed out1 what appears to be an inconsistency in the kinematical part of Einstein's special theory of relativity. I repeated this in a slightly different form in a volume published in December last2. No comment has been made on the former publication, either spontaneously or in response to individual requests, and in none of the many

Herbert Dingle

1962-01-01

447

Engineering Science Specialization: Ohio  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document from the Great Lakes Fuel Cell Education Partnership contains information on the engineering science specialization program for the state of Ohio. The document includes the basic required curriculum for this program of study, including course titles, required competencies and related academic areas that will be integrated (mathematics and language arts, for example). This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2012-02-16

448

Specially Funded Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of eight specially funded programs designed to improve social and human conditions are described. These programs are Adult Basic Education (ABE), Adult Personal Traffic Safety (APTS), Emergency Employment Act (EEA), Industry Sponsored Programs (ISP), Manpower Development Training Act (MDTA), Model Cities Projects, Work Incentive Program…

Los Angeles City Schools, CA.

449

Special Needs Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide was designed for Vocational Special Needs Programs in Idaho and concentrates on preparing handicapped and disadvantaged students to succeed in regular vocational programs. The subjects, pre-vocational in nature, include: Living Skills (self concept, life management, community resources, food and nutrition, clothing and…

Idaho State Board of Vocational Education, Boise.

450

Columbia Quincentenary. Special Issue.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special theme issue of the OAH Magazine of History contains articles that present a variety of perspectives on the Columbian Quincentenary--the 500th anniversary of Christopher Columbus's voyages of discovery. The articles include: "Exploring the Columbian Quincentenary through Historiography" (John Hebert); "Science, Religion, and Columbus's…

Foard, Douglas, Ed.; Regoli, Michael, Ed.

1991-01-01

451

Big Dreams, Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research suggests that 40 percent of college-age students with disabilities in the United States are enrolled in community colleges. Two-year colleges for a long time have been billed as ideal places for students with special needs to continue their educations, especially when those needs dictate that they remain closer to home. However, some…

Scheib, Michele

2007-01-01

452

Fixing Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current system of educating disabled students provides financial incentives to schools to overidentify students as disabled and underserve those that are identified. The incentive to overidentify is caused by providing schools with additional funds as more students are placed in special education categories that are ambiguous to diagnose and…

Greene, Jay P.

2007-01-01

453

Exploring Tools: Special Microscopes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners use a flexible magnet as a model for a scanning probe microscope (SPM). They learn that SPMs are an example of a special tool that scientists use to work on the nanoscale. Use this activity to talk about different tools that scientists use to study the nanoscale.

Network, Nanoscale I.; Sciencenterw

2010-01-01

454

Making General Education "Special"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A questionnaire was completed by 84 administrators of special education programs for educable mentally retarded (EMR) students in the State of Oregon to determine kinds of administrative problems and possible alternative courses of action involved in integrating EMR students into regular classrooms. (Author)

Warnock, Nancy J.

1976-01-01

455

Online Learning. Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special section includes "World Wide Weeds" (Ann M. Bauer), about trainers as webmasters; "Get the Picture?" (Frank Jossi)--the role of digital video in computer-based training; and "The Reluctant Executive" (Anne K. Fredrickson), how to get administrators into the information age. (JOW)

Training, 1998

1998-01-01

456

Handbook of Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special education is now an established part of public education in the United States--by law and by custom. However, it is still widely misunderstood and continues to be dogged by controversies related to such things as categorization, grouping, assessment, placement, funding, instruction, and a variety of legal issues. The purpose of this…

Kauffman, James M., Ed.; Hallahan, Daniel P., Ed.

2011-01-01

457

Recasting the Special Relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

The notion of a special relationship between the United Kingdom and the United States was first articulated by Winston Churchill sixty years ago in a speech in Fulton, Missouri (Churchill 1948). In this speech, Churchill sought to define the UK's role in an international system that had been utterly transformed by the Second World War. The huge sacrifices demanded by

Andrew Gamble; Ian Kearns

458

Special Issue: Leisure Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special issue includes (1) "Introduction" (Burlew); (2) "Leisure Counseling (LC): A Call to Order" (Emerson); (3) "Integrating Leisure into Adult Career Counseling Process" (Pearson); (4) "Developmental Approach to LC Theory" (McDaniels); (5) "LC for the Elderly" (Clark); (6) "LC with AIDS Clients" (Burlew); and (7) "The Leisure Sphere: Context…

Burlew, Larry D., Ed.; And Others

1992-01-01

459

NASA's Getaway Special.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Getaway Special" is NASA's semiofficial program for low-budget researchers, who can arrange bookings for their own space experiments on regular flights of the space shuttle. Information about arranging for NASA to take individual experiment packages is presented. (LBH)

Randal, Judith

1978-01-01

460

Mentoring Special Youth Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whereas mentoring programs are well received as support services, very little empirical research has been conducted to assess the effectiveness of these programs to meet the diverse needs of different special populations of youth. Potentially useful theoretical orientations (attachment, parental acceptance-rejection, social support, adult…

Britner, Preston A.; Balcazar, Fabricio E.; Blechman, Elaine A.; Blinn-Pike, Lynn; Larose, Simon

2006-01-01

461

The Snare of Specialization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American science appears to be very successful, but the trend toward specialization and lack of interdisciplinary communication could undermine its ability to address the needs of society. Consequences of this trend (including educational implications) are discussed. Examples concerning health and economic policies are provided. (JN)

Hollingsworth, Rogers

1984-01-01

462

Operational Planning for Contingency Operations: At the Unified Commands: The Capability Does Not Exist.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Overall, OPLOGPLAN 98 and the LEW 98, do not assist the logistics planner in the creation of division level plans. OPLOG and the LEW arc models that calculate sustainment factors, not decision models. Both software programs are management information syst...

K. MacIntyre

2000-01-01

463

Design and Evaluation of the First Special Sensor Microwave Imager\\/Sounder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first Special Sensor Microwave Imager\\/Sounder (SSMIS) was launched in October 2003 aboard the Air Force Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) F-16 Spacecraft. As originally conceived, the SSMIS integrates the imaging capabilities of the heritage DMSP conically scanning Special Sensor Microwave\\/Imager sensor with the cross-track microwave sounders Special Sensor Microwave Temperature and Special Sensor Microwave Humidity Sounder, SSM\\/T-2 into a

David B. Kunkee; Gene A. Poe; Donald J. Boucher; Steven D. Swadley; Ye. Hong; John E. Wessel; Enzo A. Uliana

2008-01-01

464

Stability and control of VTOL capable airships in hovering flight  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The stability and control characteristics of an airship equipped with lifting rotors to provide a modest VTOL capability are discussed. The rotors are used for control and maneuvering in near-hovering flight. Configurations with two, three, and four lifting rotors are examined and compared with respect to control capabilities and dynamic response characteristics. Linearized models of the dynamics are employed for this study. A new approach to the prediction of rotor derivatives for operation near zero thrust in hover is presented. It is found that all three configurations have similar control and response characteristics. The responses are characterized by long time constants and low levels of angular damping.

Curtiss, H. C., Jr.; Sumantran, V.

1985-01-01

465

Summary of NASA Advanced Telescope and Observatory Capability Roadmap  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Advanced Telescope and Observatory (ATO) Capability Roadmap addresses technologies necessary for NASA to enable future space telescopes and observatories operating in all electromagnetic bands, from x-rays to millimeter waves, and including gravity-waves. It lists capability priorities derived from current and developing Space Missions Directorate (SMD) strategic roadmaps. Technology topics include optics; wavefront sensing and control and interferometry; distributed and advanced spacecraft systems; cryogenic and thermal control systems; large precision structure for observatories; and the infrastructure essential to future space telescopes and observatories.

Stahl, H. Philip; Feinberg, Lee

2007-01-01

466

SPAR improved structural-fluid dynamic analysis capability  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of a study whose objective was to improve the operation of the SPAR computer code by improving efficiency, user features, and documentation is presented. Additional capability was added to the SPAR arithmetic utility system, including trigonometric functions, numerical integration, interpolation, and matrix combinations. Improvements were made in the EIG processor. A processor was created to compute and store principal stresses in table-format data sets. An additional capability was developed and incorporated into the plot processor which permits plotting directly from table-format data sets. Documentation of all these features is provided in the form of updates to the SPAR users manual.

Pearson, M. L.

1985-01-01

467

SPAR improved structure/fluid dynamic analysis capability  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The capability of analyzing a coupled dynamic system of flowing fluid and elastic structure was added to the SPAR computer code. A method, developed and adopted for use in SPAR utilizes the existing assumed stress hybrid plan element in SPAR. An operational mode was incorporated in SPAR which provides the capability for analyzing the flaw of a two dimensional, incompressible, viscous fluid within rigid boundaries. Equations were developed to provide for the eventual analysis of the interaction of such fluids with an elastic solid.

Oden, J. T.; Pearson, M. L.

1983-01-01

468

Summary of NASA Advanced Telescope and Observatory Capability Roadmap  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Advanced Telescope and Observatory (ATO) Capability Roadmap addresses technologies necessary for NASA to enable future space telescopes and observatories operating in all electromagnetic bands, from x-rays to millimeter waves, and including gravity-waves. It lists capability priorities derived from current and developing Space Missions Directorate (SMD) strategic roadmaps. Technology topics include optics; wavefront sensing and control and interferometry; distributed and advanced spacecraft systems; cryogenic and thermal control systems; large precision structure for observatories; and the infrastructure essential to future space telescopes and observatories.

Stahl, H. Phil; Feinberg, Lee

2006-01-01

469

Continuous chain bit with downhole cycling capability  

SciTech Connect

A continuous chain bit for hard rock drilling is disclosed which is capable of downhole cycling. A drill head assembly moves axially relative to a support body while the chain on the head assembly is held in position so that the bodily movement of the chain cycles the chain to present new composite links for drilling. A pair of spring fingers on opposite sides of the chain hold the chain against movement. The chain is held in tension by a spring-biased tensioning bar. A head at the working end of the chain supports the working links. The chain is centered by a reversing pawl and piston actuated by the pressure of the drilling mud. Detent pins lock the head assembly with respect to the support body and are also operated by the drilling mud pressure. A restricted nozzle with a divergent outlet sprays drilling mud into the cavity to remove debris. Indication of the centered position of the chain is provided by noting a low pressure reading indicating proper alignment of drilling mud slots on the links with the corresponding feed branches.

Ritter, D.F.; St. Clair, J.A.; Togami, H.K.

1981-03-17

470

Fused Reality for Enhanced Flight Test Capabilities  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The feasibility of using Fused Reality-based simulation technology to enhance flight test capabilities has been investigated. In terms of relevancy to piloted evaluation, there remains no substitute for actual flight tests, even when considering the fidelity and effectiveness of modern ground-based simulators. In addition to real-world cueing (vestibular, visual, aural, environmental, etc.), flight tests provide subtle but key intangibles that cannot be duplicated in a ground-based simulator. There is, however, a cost to be paid for the benefits of flight in terms of budget, mission complexity, and safety, including the need for ground and control-room personnel, additional aircraft, etc. A Fused Reality(tm) (FR) Flight system was developed that allows a virtual environment to be integrated with the test aircraft so that tasks such as aerial refueling, formation flying, or approach and landing can be accomplished without additional aircraft resources or the risk of operating in close proximity to the ground or other aircraft. Furthermore, the dynamic motions of the simulated objects can be directly correlated with the responses of the test aircraft. The FR Flight system will allow real-time observation of, and manual interaction with, the cockpit environment that serves as a frame for the virtual out-the-window scene.

Bachelder, Ed; Klyde, David

2011-01-01

471

Wide Tuning Capability for Spacecraft Transponders  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A document presents additional information on the means of implementing a capability for wide tuning of microwave receiver and transmitter frequencies in the development reported in the immediately preceding article, VCO PLL Frequency Synthesizers for Spacecraft Transponders (NPO- 42909). The reference frequency for a PLL-based frequency synthesizer is derived from a numerically controlled oscillator (NCO) implemented in digital logic, such that almost any reference frequency can be derived from a fixed crystal reference oscillator with microhertz precision. The frequency of the NCO is adjusted to track the received signal, then used to create another NCO frequency used to synthesize the transmitted signal coherent with, and at a specified frequency ratio to, the received signal. The frequencies can be changed, even during operation, through suitable digital programming. The NCOs and the related tracking loops and coherent turnaround logic are implemented in a field-programmable gate array (FPGA). The interface between the analog microwave receiver and transmitter circuits and the FPGA includes analog-to-digital and digital-toanalog converters, the sampling rates of which are chosen to minimize spurious signals and otherwise optimize performance. Several mixers and filters are used to properly route various signals.

Lux, James; Mysoor, Narayan; Shah, Biren; Cook, Brian; Smith, Scott

2007-01-01

472

Continuous chain bit with downhole cycling capability  

DOEpatents

A continuous chain bit for hard rock drilling is capable of downhole cycling. A drill head assembly moves axially relative to a support body while the chain on the head assembly is held in position so that the bodily movement of the chain cycles the chain to present new composite links for drilling. A pair of spring fingers on opposite sides of the chain hold the chain against movement. The chain is held in tension by a spring-biased tensioning bar. A head at the working end of the chain supports the working links. The chain is centered by a reversing pawl and piston actuated by the pressure of the drilling mud. Detent pins lock the head assembly with respect to the support body and are also operated by the drilling mud pressure. A restricted nozzle with a divergent outlet sprays drilling mud into the cavity to remove debris. Indication of the centered position of the chain is provided by noting a low pressure reading indicating proper alignment of drilling mud slots on the links with the corresponding feed branches.

Ritter, Don F. (Albuquerque, NM); St. Clair, Jack A. (Albuquerque, NM); Togami, Henry K. (Albuquerque, NM)

1983-01-01

473

Guidelines and Capabilities for Designing Human Missions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The human element is likely the most complex and difficult one of mission design; it significantly influences every aspect of mission planning, from the basic parameters like duration to the more complex tradeoffs between mass, volume, power, risk, and cost. For engineers who rely on precise specifications in data books and other such technical references, dealing with the uncertainty and the variability of designing for human beings can be frustrating. When designing for the human element, questions arise more often than definitive answers. Nonetheless, we do not doubt that the most captivating discoveries in future space missions will necessitate human explorers. These guidelines and capabilities are meant to identify the points of intersection between humans and mission considerations such as architecture, vehicle design, technologies, operations, and science requirements. We seek to provide clear, top-level guidelines for human-related exploration studies and technology research that address common questions and requirements. As a result, we hope that ongoing mission trade studies consider common, standard, and practical criteria for human interfaces.

2002-03-01

474

Overview of the GTRI Fuel Fabrication Capability  

SciTech Connect

The Global Threat Reduction Initiative’s (GTRI) Fuel Fabrication Capability (FFC) has been tasked with the establishment and deployment of a fabrication process for the low-enriched uranium-molybdenum (LEU-Mo) monolithic fuel that is currently under development for supply to the U.S. research and test reactor community. The FFC has been designed to bridge fuel fabrication scope and interest between industry (both national and international), the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, multiple U.S. national laboratories, and reactor operators and stakeholders. Currently, the FFC is focusing much of its efforts on technology maturation and scale-up of reference processes that have been defined by the GTRI Fuel Development project. This emphasis revolves around three key criteria: (i) establishing the ability to meet throughput demands, (ii) keeping costs as low as reasonably possible, and (iii) ensuring a quality product. At present, the effect of changing fuel fabrication variables on U-Mo monolithic fuel performance is not fully understood. Furthermore, it is likely that the foil production process will continue to evolve with scale-up and commercial deployment. This paper will address the areas that the FFC is focusing on to better understand the impacts of fuel fabrication variables on the resultant fuel plate characteristics, based upon a traditional approach to fuel design qualification and licensing.

Burkes, Douglas; Longmire, Holly A.; Dombrowski, Dave; Cole, Lance

2012-03-22

475

NUSAT 1: The first ejectable getaway special  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Four hours, fourteen minutes and forty-two seconds after the space shuttle, Challenger, was launched on mission 51B, a small satellite was ejected into independent orbit from a Getaway Special canister. This event was an exciting milestone in a project conceived over seven years ago. It is hoped that the story of NUSAT (Northern Utah SATellite) will be an inspiration for other experimentors to exploit this new service of the Getaway Special program. The purpose and history of the project, the NUSAT spacecraft, the ground station and its operation, and some future directions envisioned by the participants are described.

Bonsall, C. A.; Moore, R. G.

1986-01-01

476

Special Magnetic Measurement Techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various magnetic measurement techniques, not generally applicable to all magnetic systems, are reviewed. Specific examples of direct measurement techniques considered include difference or differential magnetization measurements with static or pulsed fields and ac (periodic) variations of magnetization M or temperature T (?M??T, ?T??H, ?M??H). Special emphasis is given to ac techniques, because commercial ac electronic processing equipment now permits a

Simon Foner

1967-01-01

477

A Special Relativity Simulator  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site contains a free computer program that demonstrates the appearance of everyday objects traveling at close to the speed of light. A variety of objects can be selected and viewed from different angles, including an ant, a small lattice, a face, the Eiffel Tower, a killer whale, Stonehenge, and more. Also included is a 7-part tutorial and a Power Point presentation on special relativity.

Auton, Adam

2009-06-09

478

a Micro-Uav with the Capability of Direct Georeferencing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the development of a low cost UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) with the capability of direct georeferencing. The advantage of such system lies in its high maneuverability, operation flexibility as well as capability to acquire image data without the need of establishing ground control points (GCPs). Moreover, the precise georeferencing offers an improvement in the final mapping accuracy when employing integrated sensor orientation. Such mode of operation limits the number and distribution of GCPs, which in turns save time in their signalization and surveying. Although the UAV systems feature high flexibility and capability of flying into areas that are inhospitable or inaccessible to humans, the lack of precision in positioning and attitude estimation on-board decrease the gained value of the captured imagery and limits their mode of operation to specific configurations and need of groundreference. Within a scope of this study we show the potential of present technologies in the field of position and orientation determination on a small UAV. The hardware implementation and especially the non-trivial synchronization of all components is clarified. Thanks to the implementation of a multi-frequency, low power GNSS receiver and its coupling with redundant MEMSIMU, we can attain the characteristic of a much larger systems flown on large carries while keeping the sensor size and weight suitable for MAV operations.

Rehak, M.; Mabillard, R.; Skaloud, J.

2013-08-01

479

Special issue on filamentation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics is delighted to announce a forthcoming special issue on filamentation, to appear in the spring of 2015, and invites you to submit a paper. This special issue will attempt to give an overview of the present status of this field in order to create synergies and foster future developments. The issue is open to papers on the following issues: Theoretical advances on filamentation. Self-focusing and collapse. Filamentation in various media. Pulse self-compression and ultrafast processes in filaments. Molecular alignment and rotation. Filamentation tailoring. Interaction between filaments. Filament weather and pollution control. Filament induced condensation and precipitation. Terahertz science with filaments. Lasing in filaments. Filament induced molecular excitation and reaction. Electric discharge and plasma. Cross-disciplinary applications. Novel concepts related to these topics are particularly welcome. Please submit your article by 1 October 2014 (expected web publication: spring 2015) using our website http://mc04.manuscriptcentral.com/jphysb-iop. Submissions received after this date will be considered for the journal, but may not be included in the special issue. The issue will be edited by Ruxin Li, Howard Milchberg and André Mysyrowicz.

Li, Ruxin; Milchberg, Howard; Mysyrowicz, André

2014-05-01

480

Chemical measurement capabilities at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

This document is an attempt to summarize the available analytical chemistry and materials characterization techniques available LLNL. Emphasis of the techniques described is aimed at the variety of samples for which intelligence information is sought and/or applications where sample size would be very limited and duplicate samples are usually not obtainable. Current instrumentation available, types of samples presently being analyzed and a description of the various methods have been provided. LLNL has made an effort during the last three years to develop a forensic science approach to sample analysis. Many of these capabilities are presently utilized, to some degree, for ongoing analysis of unusual samples provided by various sponsor agencies. The analytical techniques utilized, although coordinated through the Special Projects Program, take advantage of the full range of capabilities available at LLNL. This document represents input from several organizations at LLNL, all working together to provide the maximum level of available expertise: Condensed Matter and Analytical Sciences Division of the Materials Science Directorate, Nuclear Chemistry Division of the Defense Sciences Directorate, Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry of the Physics Directorate, Biomedical Sciences Division of the Environmental Sciences and Biomedical Directorate, and Applied Technology Division of the Special Projects Program Directorate.

Raber, E; Harrar, J E [eds.] [eds.

1992-04-01

481

Special Education Transportation: An Eight-Point Tune-Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides tips for decreasing liability, containing costs, and promoting smooth operation of special education transportation. Schools need to review wheelchair transportation procedures, length of bus rides, arrival times, integration of special needs students on regular routes, driver training documentation, record keeping, transportation, staff…

Linder, Dianna

1991-01-01

482

A Study of Special Education Directors in Minnesota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study undertook a systematic analysis of the position of special education director in Minnesota. Position analysis allows for a detailed cross-section analysis of a position in terms of authority and responsibility within an organization. The current study was conducted to determine the special education director's current operations tasks,…

Weatherman, Richard; Harpaz, Itzhak

483

THE IDEA IS TO USEMODIS IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE CURRENT LIMITED LANDSAT CAPABILITY, COMMERCIAL SATELLITES, ANDUNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES (UAV), IN A MULTI-STAGE APPROACH TO MEET EPA INFORMATION NEEDS.REMOTE SENSING OVERVIEW: EPA CAPABILITIES, PRIORITY AGENCY APPLICATIONS, SENSOR/AIRCRAFT CAPABILITIES, COST CONSIDERATIONS, SPECTRAL AND SPATIAL RESOLUTIONS, AND TEMPORAL CONSIDERATIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA remote sensing capabilities include applied research for priority applications and technology support for operational assistance to clients across the Agency. The idea is to use MODIS in conjunction with the current limited Landsat capability, commercial satellites, and Unma...

484

Robotic Access to Planetary Surfaces Capability Roadmap  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A set of robotic access to planetary surfaces capability developments and supporting infrastructure have been identified. Reference mission pulls derived from ongoing strategic planning. Capability pushes to enable broader mission considerations. Facility and flight test capability needs. Those developments have been described to the level of detail needed for high-level planning. Content and approach. Readiness and metrics. Rough schedule and cost. Connectivity to mission concepts.

2005-01-01

485

14 CFR 91.711 - Special rules for foreign civil aircraft.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Special rules for foreign civil aircraft. 91.711 Section 91.711 Aeronautics...GENERAL OPERATING AND FLIGHT RULES Foreign Aircraft Operations and Operations of U.S.-Registered Civil Aircraft Outside of the United States; and...

2014-01-01

486

Facility research capabilities at Louisiana State University  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Efforts of LSU are reported to develop research capabilities for supporting the NASA Mississippi Test Facility. Research activities reported include remote sensing technology and salt water encroachment.

Whitehurst, C. A.