Spin-current emission governed by nonlinear spin dynamics
Tashiro, Takaharu; Matsuura, Saki; Nomura, Akiyo; Watanabe, Shun; Kang, Keehoon; Sirringhaus, Henning; Ando, Kazuya
2015-01-01
Coupling between conduction electrons and localized magnetization is responsible for a variety of phenomena in spintronic devices. This coupling enables to generate spin currents from dynamical magnetization. Due to the nonlinearity of magnetization dynamics, the spin-current emission through the dynamical spin-exchange coupling offers a route for nonlinear generation of spin currents. Here, we demonstrate spin-current emission governed by nonlinear magnetization dynamics in a metal/magnetic insulator bilayer. The spin-current emission from the magnetic insulator is probed by the inverse spin Hall effect, which demonstrates nontrivial temperature and excitation power dependences of the voltage generation. The experimental results reveal that nonlinear magnetization dynamics and enhanced spin-current emission due to magnon scatterings are triggered by decreasing temperature. This result illustrates the crucial role of the nonlinear magnon interactions in the spin-current emission driven by dynamical magnetization, or nonequilibrium magnons, from magnetic insulators. PMID:26472712
Spin-current emission governed by nonlinear spin dynamics.
Tashiro, Takaharu; Matsuura, Saki; Nomura, Akiyo; Watanabe, Shun; Kang, Keehoon; Sirringhaus, Henning; Ando, Kazuya
2015-01-01
Coupling between conduction electrons and localized magnetization is responsible for a variety of phenomena in spintronic devices. This coupling enables to generate spin currents from dynamical magnetization. Due to the nonlinearity of magnetization dynamics, the spin-current emission through the dynamical spin-exchange coupling offers a route for nonlinear generation of spin currents. Here, we demonstrate spin-current emission governed by nonlinear magnetization dynamics in a metal/magnetic insulator bilayer. The spin-current emission from the magnetic insulator is probed by the inverse spin Hall effect, which demonstrates nontrivial temperature and excitation power dependences of the voltage generation. The experimental results reveal that nonlinear magnetization dynamics and enhanced spin-current emission due to magnon scatterings are triggered by decreasing temperature. This result illustrates the crucial role of the nonlinear magnon interactions in the spin-current emission driven by dynamical magnetization, or nonequilibrium magnons, from magnetic insulators. PMID:26472712
Multiferroics with spiral spin orders.
Tokura, Yoshinori; Seki, Shinichiro
2010-04-12
Cross correlation between magnetism and electricity in a solid can host magnetoelectric effects, such as magnetic (electric) induction of polarization (magnetization). A key to attain the gigantic magnetoelectric response is to find the efficient magnetism-electricity coupling mechanisms. Among those, recently the emergence of spontaneous (ferroelectric) polarization in the insulating helimagnet or spiral-spin structure was unraveled, as mediated by the spin-exchange and spin-orbit interactions. The sign of the polarization depends on the helicity (spin rotation sense), while the polarization direction itself depends on further details of the mechanism and the underlying lattice symmetry. Here, we describe some prototypical examples of the spiral-spin multiferroics, which enable some unconventional magnetoelectric control such as the magnetic-field-induced change of the polarization direction and magnitude as well as the electric-field-induced change of the spin helicity and magnetic domain. PMID:20496385
Order From disorder in Frustrated Spin Systems
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Coleman, Piers
This talk will review the phemomenon of ''Order from disorder'': the mechanism by which fluctuations remove a degeneracy within a frustrated spin system. An important consequence of order-from-disorder, is the ability of frustrated Heisenberg spin systems to overcome the Mermin-Wagner theorem, developing new forms of discrete order, even when the spins themselves remain disordered with a finite correlation length. The most well-known example, is the two-dimensional frustrated J1 -J2 Heisenberg model, which undergoes a finite temperature Ising phase transition into a stripy or ''nematic'' state, even though the spins do not order until absolute zero. Nematic ordering of this kind is believed to occur in the iron-based superconductors, such as BaFe2 As2 . More recently, it has been possible to theoretically study the triangular-honeycomb versions of the J1 -J2 model, called a windmill model, in which order-from disorder drives the development of six-state clock order. Remarkably, in this case, order-from-disorder leads to an intermediate power-law spin phase, despite the underlying Heisenerg spins. This research was supported by DOE Basic Energy Sciences Grant DE-FG02-99ER45790.
Quadrupolar Spin Orders in FeSe
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wang, Zhentao; Nevidomskyy, Andriy
Motivated by the absence of long-range magnetic order and the strong spin fluctuations observed in the Fe-based superconductor FeSe, we study spin-1 model on a square lattice up to next-nearest neighbor Heisenberg and biquadratic spin exchanges. The zero-temperature variational phase diagram gives the conventional antiferromagnetic order and also more exotic quadrupolar spin phases. These quadrupolar phases do not host long-range magnetic order and preserve time-reversal symmetry, but break the spin SU(2) symmetry. In particular, we observe a robust ferroquadrupolar order (FQ) in immediate proximity to the columnar AFM phase. We envision that FeSe may be positioned within the FQ phase close to the phase boundary. Using the flavor-wave technique, we calculate the structure factor inside the FQ phase and find a Goldstone mode emerging from Q = (0 , 0) , which however bears zero spectral weight at ω = 0 due to time reversal symmetry. At the same time, we observe strong spin fluctuations near (π , 0) / (0 , π) , which agrees with the recent neutron scattering experiments. Further, we calculate the higher order interactions between the (π , 0) and (0 , π) spin fluctuations inside the FQ phase, which may shed light on the C4 symmetry breaking in the nematic phase of FeSe.
Helical Spin Order from Topological Dirac and Weyl Semimetals
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sun, Xiao-Qi; Zhang, Shou-Cheng; Wang, Zhong
2015-08-01
We study dynamical mass generation and the resultant helical spin orders in topological Dirac and Weyl semimetals, including the edge states of quantum spin Hall insulators, the surface states of weak topological insulators, and the bulk materials of Weyl semimetals. In particular, the helical spin textures of Weyl semimetals manifest the spin-momentum locking of Weyl fermions in a visible manner. The spin-wave fluctuations of the helical order carry electric charge density; therefore, the spin textures can be electrically controlled in a simple and predictable manner.
48 CFR 51.103 - Ordering from Government supply sources.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-10-01
... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ordering from Government supply sources. 51.103 Section 51.103 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT USE OF GOVERNMENT SOURCES BY CONTRACTORS Contractor Use of Government Supply Sources 51.103 Ordering from Government...
High Spin-Chern Insulators with Magnetic Order
Ezawa, Motohiko
2013-01-01
As a topological insulator, the quantum Hall (QH) effect is indexed by the Chern and spin-Chern numbers and . We have only in conventional QH systems. We investigate QH effects in generic monolayer honeycomb systems. We search for spin-resolved characteristic patterns by exploring Hofstadter's butterfly diagrams in the lattice theory and fan diagrams in the low-energy Dirac theory. It is shown that the spin-Chern number can takes an arbitrary high value for certain QH systems. This is a new type of topological insulators, which we may call high spin-Chern insulators. Samples may be provided by graphene on the SiC substrate with ferromagnetic order, transition-metal dichalcogenides with ferromagnetic order, transition-metal oxide with antiferromagnetic order and silicene with ferromagnetic order. Actually high spin-Chern insulators are ubiquitous in any systems with magnetic order. Nevertheless, the honeycomb system would provide us with unique materials for practical materialization. PMID:24310394
High Spin-Chern Insulators with Magnetic Order
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ezawa, Motohiko
2013-12-01
As a topological insulator, the quantum Hall (QH) effect is indexed by the Chern and spin-Chern numbers and . We have only in conventional QH systems. We investigate QH effects in generic monolayer honeycomb systems. We search for spin-resolved characteristic patterns by exploring Hofstadter's butterfly diagrams in the lattice theory and fan diagrams in the low-energy Dirac theory. It is shown that the spin-Chern number can takes an arbitrary high value for certain QH systems. This is a new type of topological insulators, which we may call high spin-Chern insulators. Samples may be provided by graphene on the SiC substrate with ferromagnetic order, transition-metal dichalcogenides with ferromagnetic order, transition-metal oxide with antiferromagnetic order and silicene with ferromagnetic order. Actually high spin-Chern insulators are ubiquitous in any systems with magnetic order. Nevertheless, the honeycomb system would provide us with unique materials for practical materialization.
Hole dynamics in spin and orbital ordered vanadium perovskites
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ishihara, Sumio
2005-03-01
We present a theory of the doped perovskite vanadates with spin and orbital orders [1]. Two kinds of spin-orbital orders are found in the ground state: the G-type (three-dimensional (3D) staggered) spin order (SO) with the C-type (rod type) orbital order (OO) (the alternative dxy^1dyz^1/dxy^1dzx^1 configuration) termed (SG/OC) in YVO3, and the C-type SO with the G-type OO termed (SC/OG) in LaVO3. Mobile holes are strongly renormalized by spin excitations (magnons) in the spin G-type and orbital C-type (SG/OC) order, and orbital excitations (orbitons) in the spin C-type and orbital G-type (SC/OG) one. It is found that hole dynamics in a staggered t2g orbital array is distinct from that in a antiferromagnetic order as well as the eg orbital one. The anomalously fragile character of the (SG/OC) order observed in Y1-xCaxVO3 is attributed to the orbiton softening induced by a reduction of the spin order parameter. [1] S. Ishihara, cond-mat/0408395.
Nature of ordering in Potts spin glasses
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Banavar, Jayanth R.; Cieplak, Marek
1989-09-01
The zero-temperature scaling approach is applied to the three-state Potts spin glass. Our results suggest that the +/-J model has a lower critical dimensionality greater than 3, whereas for the Gaussian model this dimensionality is slightly less than 3. The T=0 scaling exponents are estimated in D=2 and 3. The results are based mostly on exact transfer-matrix calculations and on a Monte Carlo quenching procedure.
Chen, Xiang-Bai; Hien, Nguyen Thi Minh; Han, Kiok; Nam, Ji-Yeon; Huyen, Nguyen Thi; Shin, Seong-Il; Wang, Xueyun; Cheong, S. W.; Lee, D.; Noh, T. W.; Sung, N. H.; Cho, B. K.; Yang, In-Sang
2015-01-01
Spin-wave (magnon) scattering, when clearly observed by Raman spectroscopy, can be simple and powerful for studying magnetic phase transitions. In this paper, we present how to observe magnon scattering clearly by Raman spectroscopy, then apply the Raman method to study spin-ordering and spin-reorientation transitions of hexagonal manganite single crystal and thin films and compare directly with the results of magnetization measurements. Our results show that by choosing strong resonance condition and appropriate polarization configuration, magnon scattering can be clearly observed, and the temperature dependence of magnon scattering can be simple and powerful quantity for investigating spin-ordering as well as spin-reorientation transitions. Especially, the Raman method would be very helpful for investigating the weak spin-reorientation transitions by selectively probing the magnons in the Mn3+ sublattices, while leaving out the strong effects of paramagnetic moments of the rare earth ions. PMID:26300075
Chen, Xiang-Bai; Hien, Nguyen Thi Minh; Han, Kiok; Nam, Ji-Yeon; Huyen, Nguyen Thi; Shin, Seong-Il; Wang, Xueyun; Cheong, S W; Lee, D; Noh, T W; Sung, N H; Cho, B K; Yang, In-Sang
2015-01-01
Spin-wave (magnon) scattering, when clearly observed by Raman spectroscopy, can be simple and powerful for studying magnetic phase transitions. In this paper, we present how to observe magnon scattering clearly by Raman spectroscopy, then apply the Raman method to study spin-ordering and spin-reorientation transitions of hexagonal manganite single crystal and thin films and compare directly with the results of magnetization measurements. Our results show that by choosing strong resonance condition and appropriate polarization configuration, magnon scattering can be clearly observed, and the temperature dependence of magnon scattering can be simple and powerful quantity for investigating spin-ordering as well as spin-reorientation transitions. Especially, the Raman method would be very helpful for investigating the weak spin-reorientation transitions by selectively probing the magnons in the Mn(3+) sublattices, while leaving out the strong effects of paramagnetic moments of the rare earth ions. PMID:26300075
Charge dynamics and spin order in doped Hubbard models
Kampf, A.P.; Brenig, W.
1994-04-01
Hole motion in an antiferromagnetic (AF) environment is accompanied by the emission of spin wave excitations. Spin-wave shakeoffs are responsible for incoherent contributions to the dynamics of propagating holes. Using a spin-density-wave polaron scheme the authors calculate the optical conductivity {sigma}({omega}) and show that the incoherent part of the hole spectrum contributes to the low-frequency part of {sigma}({omega}). Separately, the authors discuss the possible formation of spiral spin patterns upon doping of the half-filled one-band Hubbard model. In particular, the authors consider the influence of band structure effects arising from nearest- and next-nearest-neighbor hopping processes on a square lattice. Differences in the ground state spin patterns for hole and electron doping are obtained offering a possible explanation for the persistence of AF order in low electron-doped cuprate superconductors.
Next-to-leading order gravitational spin(1)-spin(2) dynamics in Hamiltonian form
Steinhoff, Jan; Hergt, Steven; Schaefer, Gerhard
2008-04-15
Based on recent developments by the authors a next-to-leading order spin(1)-spin(2) Hamiltonian is derived for the first time. The result is obtained within the canonical formalism of Arnowitt, Deser, and Misner (ADM) utilizing their generalized isotropic coordinates. A comparison with other methods is given.
Field-induced ordering in dipolar spin ice
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kao, Wen-Han; Holdsworth, Peter C. W.; Kao, Ying-Jer
2016-05-01
We present numerical studies of dipolar spin ice in the presence of a magnetic field slightly tilted away from the [111] axis. We find a first-order transition from a kagome ice to a q =X state when the external field is tilted toward the [11 2 ¯] direction. This is consistent with the anomalous critical scattering previously observed in the neutron scattering experiment on the spin ice material Ho2Ti2O7 in a tilted field [T. Fennell et al., Nat. Phys. 3, 566 (2007), 10.1038/nphys632]. We show that this ordering originates from the antiferromagnetic alignment of spin chains on the kagome planes. The residual entropy of the kagome ice is fully recovered. Our result captures the features observed in the experiments and points to the importance of the dipolar interaction in determining ordered states in the spin ice materials. We place our results in the context of recent susceptibility measurements on Dy2Ti2O7 , showing two features for a [111] field.
Superconductivity and spin excitations in orbitally ordered FeSe
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kreisel, Andreas; Mukherjee, Shantanu; Hirschfeld, P. J.; Andersen, B. M.
We provide a band-structure with low-energy properties consistent with recent photoemission and quantum oscillations measurements on the Fe-based superconductor FeSe, including a mean-field like orbital ordering in the dxz /dyz channel, and show that this model also accounts for the temperature dependence of the measured Knight shift and the spin-relaxation rate. An RPA calculation of the dynamical spin susceptibility yields spin excitations which are peaked at wave vector (π , 0) in the 1-Fe Brillouin zone, with a broad maximum at energies of order a few meV. Furthermore, the superconducting gap structure obtained from spin fluctuation theory exhibits nodes on the electron pockets, consistent with the 'V'-shaped density of states measured by tunneling spectroscopy on this material. The redistribution of spectral weight in the superconducting state creates a (π , 0) ''neutron resonance'' as seen in recent experiments. Comparing to various experimental results, we give predictions for further studies A.K. and B.M.A. acknowledge financial support from a Lundbeckfond fellowship (Grant No. A9318). P.J.H. was partially supported by the Department of Energy under Grant No. DE-FG02-05ER46236.
Magnetic order the iron spins in NdOFeAs
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chen, Ying; Lynn, J. W.; Li, J.; Li, G.; Chen, G. F.; Luo, J. L.; Wang, N. L.; Dai, Pengcheng; Dela Cruz, C.; Mook, H. A.
2009-03-01
Polarized and unpolarized powder neutron-diffraction measurements have been carried out to investigate the iron magnetic order in the parent compound of one of the highest Tc system, NdFeAsO. Antiferromagnetic order is observed below 141 K [1], which is in close proximity to the structural distortion observed in this material [2]. The magnetic structure consists of chains of parallel spins that are arranged antiparallel between chains, which is the same in-plane spin arrangement as observed in all the other iron oxypnictide materials. Nearest-neighbor spins along the c axis are antiparallel like LaFeAsO [3]. The ordered moment is 0.25 (7) μB, which is the smallest ordered moment found so far in these systems. [3pt] [1]Ying Chen, J. W. Lynn, J. Li, G. Li, G. F. Chen, J. L. Luo, N. L. Wang, Pengcheng Dai, C. dela Cruz and H. A. Mook, Phys. Rev. B 78, 064515 2008. [0pt] [2]Y. Qiu, W. Bao, Q. Huang, T. Yildirim, J. M. Simmons, M. A. Green, J.W. Lynn, Y.C. Gasparovic, J. Li, T. Wu, G. Wu, and X.H. Chen, arXiv:0806.2195 (Phys. Rev. Lett. accepted). [0pt] [3] C. dela Cruz, Q. Huang, J. W. Lynn, J. Li, W. Ratcliff II, J. L. Zarestky, H. A. Mook, G. F. Chen, J. L. Luo, N. L. Wang, and P. Dai, Nature 453, 899 (2008).
Magnetic Order and Transitions in the Spin-web Compound Cu3TeO6
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Månsson, Martin; Prša, Krunoslav; Sugiyama, Jun; Andreica, Daniel; Luetkens, Hubertus; Berger, Helmuth
The spin-web compound Cu3TeO6, belongs to an intriguing group of materials where magnetism is governed by3d9 copper Cu2+ ions. This compound has been sparsely experimentally studied and we here present the first investigation of its local magnetic properties using muon-spin relaxation/rotation(μ+SR). Our results show a clear long-range 3D magnetic order below TN as indicated by clear zero-field (ZF) muon-precessions. At TN = 61.7K a very sharp transition is observed in the weak transverse-field (wTF) as well as ZF data. Contrary to suggestions by susceptibility measurements and inelastic neutron scattering, we find no evidence for either static or dynamic (on the time-scale of μ+SR) spin-correlations above TN.
Phase ordering dynamics in spin-1 ferromagnetic condensates
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Williamson, Lewis; Blakie, Peter
2016-05-01
Spinor Bose-Einstein condensates present rich phase diagrams for exploring phase transitions between states with different symmetry properties. In this work we simulate the approach to equilibrium of a spin-1 condensate quenched from an unmagnetised phase to three different ferromagnetic phases. The three ferromagnetic phases have Z2, SO(2) and SO(3) symmetries respectively and possess different conservation laws. Following the quench, domains of magnetization form, with each domain making an independent choice of the symmetry breaking order parameter. These domains grow and compete for the global equilibrium state. We find that this growth follows universal scaling laws and identify the dynamic universality class for each of the three quenches. Polar-core spin-vortices play a crucial role in the phase ordering of the SO(2) system and we identify fractal structures in the domain patterns of the SO(2) and SO(3) systems. We acknowledge support from the Marsden Fund of New Zealand.
Quantum dot spin coherence governed by a strained nuclear environment.
Stockill, R; Le Gall, C; Matthiesen, C; Huthmacher, L; Clarke, E; Hugues, M; Atatüre, M
2016-01-01
The interaction between a confined electron and the nuclei of an optically active quantum dot provides a uniquely rich manifestation of the central spin problem. Coherent qubit control combines with an ultrafast spin-photon interface to make these confined spins attractive candidates for quantum optical networks. Reaching the full potential of spin coherence has been hindered by the lack of knowledge of the key irreversible environment dynamics. Through all-optical Hahn echo decoupling we now recover the intrinsic coherence time set by the interaction with the inhomogeneously strained nuclear bath. The high-frequency nuclear dynamics are directly imprinted on the electron spin coherence, resulting in a dramatic jump of coherence times from few tens of nanoseconds to the microsecond regime between 2 and 3 T magnetic field and an exponential decay of coherence at high fields. These results reveal spin coherence can be improved by applying large magnetic fields and reducing strain inhomogeneity. PMID:27615704
Chain-based order and quantum spin liquids in dipolar spin ice
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
McClarty, P. A.; Sikora, O.; Moessner, R.; Penc, K.; Pollmann, F.; Shannon, N.
2015-09-01
Recent experiments on the spin-ice material Dy2Ti2O7 suggest that the Pauling "ice entropy," characteristic of its classical Coulombic spin-liquid state, may be lost at low temperatures [Pomaranski et al., Nat. Phys. 9, 353 (2013), 10.1038/nphys2591]. However, despite nearly two decades of intensive study, the nature of the equilibrium ground state of spin ice remains uncertain. Here we explore how long-range dipolar interactions D , short-range exchange interactions, and quantum fluctuations combine to determine the ground state of dipolar spin ice. We identify the organizational principle that ordered ground states are selected from a set of "chain states" in which dipolar interactions are exponentially screened. Using both quantum and classical Monte Carlo simulation, we establish phase diagrams as a function of quantum tunneling g and temperature T , and find that only a very small gc≪D is needed to stabilize a quantum spin liquid ground state. We discuss the implications of these results for Dy2Ti2O7 .
Controlling Spin Ordering in Rare-Earth Perovskite Vanadates
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wagner, Nicholas; Rondinelli, James
We investigate the role and influence of local structure distortions on the antiferromagnetic spin ordering temperatures for large A-site radii RVO3 perovskites (R=Yb-La) using a combination of data analytics (DA) and density functional theory (DFT). First, mode crystallography is used to parameterize the structural phase space. Next, we identify the important local structural features that correlate strongly with the Néel temperatures (TN) using Pearson correlation coefficients. From this data, we then formulate a regression model using gradient boosted decision trees (GBDT) that returns the relative importance of each feature in predicting TN. Our analysis indicates that the amplitude of the subtle Jahn-Teller active mode, which leads to variations in the V-O bond lengths and angles, could be used as an effective structural control parameter to modify the spin ordering temperature. We then validate this data-driven structure-property relationship in artificial vanadate structures using TN based on both our GBDT model and a model Hamiltonian using DFT energies. This combined approach allows us to gauge the accuracy of existing physical models for the antiferromagnetic ordering in vanadates and opens possible strategies to design materials with targeted TN.
Spin excitations of ferronematic order in underdoped cuprate superconductors
Seibold, G.; Di Castro, C.; Grilli, M.; Lorenzana, J.
2014-01-01
High-temperature superconductors exhibit a characteristic hourglass-shaped spectrum of magnetic fluctuations which most likely contribute to the pairing glue in the cuprates. Recent neutron scattering experiments in strongly underdoped compounds have revealed a significant low energy anisotropy of these fluctuations which we explain by a model in which topological defects of the antiferromagnet clump to producing domain wall segments with ferronematic order. This state does not invoke global charge order but breaks C4 rotational and inversion symmetry. The incommensurability of the low doping charge-disordered state is in good agreement with experiment and interpolates smoothly with the incommensurability of the stripe phase at higher doping. Within linear spin-wave theory the dynamic structure factor is in very good agreement with inelastic neutron scattering data and can account for the observed energy dependent anisotropy. PMID:24936723
Dynamics of spin I=3/2 under spin-locking conditions in an ordered environment.
van der Maarel, J R; Jesse, W; Hancu, I; Woessner, D E
2001-08-01
We have derived approximate analytic solutions to the master equation describing the evolution of the spin I=3/2 density operator in the presence of a radio-frequency (RF) field and both static and fluctuating quadrupolar interactions. Spectra resulting from Fourier transformation of the evolutions of the on-resonance spin-locked magnetization into the various coherences display two satellite pairs and, in some cases, a central line. The central line is generally trimodal, consisting of a narrow component related to a slowly relaxing mode and two broad components pertaining to two faster relaxing modes. The rates of the fast modes are sensitive to slow molecular motion. Neither the amplitude nor the width of the narrow component is affected by the magnitude of the static coupling, whereas the corresponding features of the broad components depend in a rather complicated manner on the spin-lock field strength and static quadrupolar interaction. Under certain experimental conditions, the dependencies of the amplitudes on the dynamics are seen to vanish and the relaxation rates reduce to relatively simple expressions. One of the promising emerging features is the fact that the evolutions into the selectively detected quadrupolar spin polarization order and the rank-two double-quantum coherence do not exhibit a slowly relaxing mode and are particularly sensitive to slow molecular motion. Furthermore, these coherences can only be excited in the presence of a static coupling and this makes it possible to discern nuclei in anisotropic from those in isotropic environment. The feasibility of the spin-lock pulse sequences with limited RF power and a nonvanishing average electric field gradient has been demonstrated through experiments on sodium in a dense lyotropic DNA liquid crystal. PMID:11531352
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kim, Sang-Il; Kim, Dong-Jun; Seo, Min-Su; Park, Byong-Guk; Park, Seung-Young
2015-05-01
The dependence of the measured DC voltage on the non-magnetic material (NM) in NM/CoFeB and CoFeB/NM bilayers is studied under ferromagnetic resonance conditions in a TE011 resonant cavity. The directional change of the inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE) voltage VISHE for the stacking order of the bilayer can separate the pure VISHE and the anomalous Hall effect (AHE) voltage VAHE utilizing the method of addition and subtraction. The Ta and Ti NMs show a broad deviation of the spin Hall angle θISH, which originates from the AHE in accordance with the high resistivity of NMs. However, the Pt and Pd NMs show that the kinds of NMs with low resistivity are consistent with the previously reported θISH values. Therefore, the characteristics that NM should simultaneously satisfy to obtain a reasonable VISHE value in bilayer systems are large θISH and low resistivity.
Equilibrium pricing in an order book environment: Case study for a spin model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Meudt, Frederik; Schmitt, Thilo A.; Schäfer, Rudi; Guhr, Thomas
2016-07-01
When modeling stock market dynamics, the price formation is often based on an equilibrium mechanism. In real stock exchanges, however, the price formation is governed by the order book. It is thus interesting to check if the resulting stylized facts of a model with equilibrium pricing change, remain the same or, more generally, are compatible with the order book environment. We tackle this issue in the framework of a case study by embedding the Bornholdt-Kaizoji-Fujiwara spin model into the order book dynamics. To this end, we use a recently developed agent based model that realistically incorporates the order book. We find realistic stylized facts. We conclude for the studied case that equilibrium pricing is not needed and that the corresponding assumption of a "fundamental" price may be abandoned.
Spin and quadrupolar orders in the spin-1 bilinear-biquadratic model for iron-based superconductors
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Luo, Cheng; Datta, Trinanjan; Yao, Dao-Xin
2016-06-01
Motivated by the recent experimental and theoretical progress of the magnetic properties in iron-based superconductors, we provide a comprehensive analysis of the extended spin-1 bilinear-biquadratic (BBQ) model on the square lattice. Using a variational approach at the mean-field level, we identify the existence of various magnetic phases, including conventional spin dipolar orders (ferro- and antiferromagnet), novel quadrupolar orders (spin nematic), and mixed dipolar-quadrupolar orders. In contrast to the regular Heisenberg model, the elementary excitations of the spin-1 BBQ model are described by the SU(3) flavor-wave theory. By fitting the experimental spin-wave dispersion, we determine the refined exchange couplings corresponding to the collinear antiferromagnetic iron pnictides. We also present the dynamic structure factors of both spin dipolar and quadrupolar components with connections to the future experiments.
Topological order in an exactly solvable 3D spin model
Bravyi, Sergey; Leemhuis, Bernhard; Terhal, Barbara M.
2011-04-15
Research highlights: RHtriangle We study exactly solvable spin model with six-qubit nearest neighbor interactions on a 3D face centered cubic lattice. RHtriangle The ground space of the model exhibits topological quantum order. RHtriangle Elementary excitations can be geometrically described as the corners of rectangular-shaped membranes. RHtriangle The ground space can encode 4g qubits where g is the greatest common divisor of the lattice dimensions. RHtriangle Logical operators acting on the encoded qubits are described in terms of closed strings and closed membranes. - Abstract: We study a 3D generalization of the toric code model introduced recently by Chamon. This is an exactly solvable spin model with six-qubit nearest-neighbor interactions on an FCC lattice whose ground space exhibits topological quantum order. The elementary excitations of this model which we call monopoles can be geometrically described as the corners of rectangular-shaped membranes. We prove that the creation of an isolated monopole separated from other monopoles by a distance R requires an operator acting on {Omega}(R{sup 2}) qubits. Composite particles that consist of two monopoles (dipoles) and four monopoles (quadrupoles) can be described as end-points of strings. The peculiar feature of the model is that dipole-type strings are rigid, that is, such strings must be aligned with face-diagonals of the lattice. For periodic boundary conditions the ground space can encode 4g qubits where g is the greatest common divisor of the lattice dimensions. We describe a complete set of logical operators acting on the encoded qubits in terms of closed strings and closed membranes.
Resonant-spin-ordering of vortex cores in interacting mesomagnets
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Jain, Shikha
2013-03-01
The magnetic system of interacting vortex-state elements have a dynamically reconfigurable ground state characterized by different relative polarities and chiralities of the individual disks; and have a corresponding dynamically controlled spectrum of collective excitation modes that determine the microwave absorption of the crystal. The development of effective methods for dynamic control of the ground state in this vortex-type magnonic crystal is of interest both from fundamental and technological viewpoints. Control of vortex chirality has been demonstrated previously using various techniques; however, control and manipulation of vortex polarities remain challenging. In this work, we present a robust and efficient way of selecting the ground state configuration of interacting magnetic elements using resonant-spin-ordering approach. This is achieved by driving the system from the linear regime of constant vortex gyrations to the non-linear regime of vortex-core reversals at a fixed excitation frequency of one of the coupled modes. Subsequently reducing the excitation field to the linear regime stabilizes the system to a polarity combination whose resonant frequency is decoupled from the initialization frequency. We have utilized the resonant approach to transition between the two polarity combinations (parallel or antiparallel) in a model system of connected dot-pairs which may form the building blocks of vortex-based magnonic crystals. Taking a step further, we have extended the technique by studying many-particle system for its potential as spin-torque oscillators or logic devices. Work at Argonne was supported by the U. S. DOE, Office of BES, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. This work was in part supported by grant DMR-1015175 from the U. S. National Science Foundation, by a Contract from the U.S. Army TARDEC and RDECOM.
Interaction induced staggered spin-orbit order in two-dimensional electron gas
Das, Tanmoy
2012-06-05
Decoupling spin and charge transports in solids is among the many prerequisites for realizing spin electronics, spin caloritronics, and spin-Hall effect. Beyond the conventional method of generating and manipulating spin current via magnetic knob, recent advances have expanded the possibility to optical and electrical method which are controllable both internally and externally. Yet, due to the inevitable presence of charge excitations and electrical polarizibility in these methods, the separation between spin and charge degrees of freedom of electrons remains a challenge. Here we propose and formulate an interaction induced staggered spin-orbit order as a new emergent phase of matter. We show that when some form of inherent spin-splitting via Rashba-type spin-orbit coupling renders two helical Fermi surfaces to become significantly nested, a Fermi surface instability arises. To lift this degeneracy, a spontaneous symmetry breaking spin-orbit density wave develops, causing a surprisingly large quasiparticle gapping with chiral electronic states, with no active charge excitations. Since the staggered spin-orbit order is associated with a condensation energy, quantified by the gap value, destroying such spin-orbit interaction costs sufficiently large perturbation field or temperature or de-phasing time. BiAg2 surface state is shown to be a representative system for realizing such novel spin-orbit interaction with tunable and large strength, and the spin-splitting is decoupled from charge excitations.
Kim, Sang-Il; Seo, Min-Su; Park, Seung-Young; Kim, Dong-Jun; Park, Byong-Guk
2015-05-07
The dependence of the measured DC voltage on the non-magnetic material (NM) in NM/CoFeB and CoFeB/NM bilayers is studied under ferromagnetic resonance conditions in a TE{sub 011} resonant cavity. The directional change of the inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE) voltage V{sub ISHE} for the stacking order of the bilayer can separate the pure V{sub ISHE} and the anomalous Hall effect (AHE) voltage V{sub AHE} utilizing the method of addition and subtraction. The Ta and Ti NMs show a broad deviation of the spin Hall angle θ{sub ISH}, which originates from the AHE in accordance with the high resistivity of NMs. However, the Pt and Pd NMs show that the kinds of NMs with low resistivity are consistent with the previously reported θ{sub ISH} values. Therefore, the characteristics that NM should simultaneously satisfy to obtain a reasonable V{sub ISHE} value in bilayer systems are large θ{sub ISH} and low resistivity.
Charge and spin order in one dimensional systems with long range Coulomb interaction
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Belen Valenzuela, M.; Fratini, Simone; Baeriswyl, Dionys
2004-03-01
In this talk I present our results of studying a system of electrons on a one-dimensional lattice, interacting through long range Coulomb forces, by means of a variational technique which is the strong coupling analog of the Gutzwiller approach. For quarter filling we find that the effects of commensurability together with the strength of the interaction give rise to charge ordering as the ground state. When we add the spin degrees of freedom it is found that they are coupled by an antiferromagnetic kinetic exchange J, which turn out to be much smaller than the energy scale governing the charge degrees of freedom. Our results shed new light on the insulating phases of organic quasi-1D compounds where charge ordering sets in at high temperatures and coexists with spin ordering at low temperatures. We also present a phase diagram of interaction versus fillings where we identify three phases: weak charge density waves, Wigner crystal and Generalized Wigner crystal (solution of the Wigner crystal problem with the additional constraint for the electrons of living in the host lattice of the ions). Refs: B. Valenzuela et al. Phys. Rev. B, 68 (2003) 045112, S. Fratini et al. Contribution to the Michael J. Rice Special Issue of "Synthetic Metals" 2003, (cond-mat/0309450).
Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction and Spiral Order in Spin-orbit Coupled Optical Lattices
Gong, Ming; Qian, Yinyin; Yan, Mi; Scarola, V. W.; Zhang, Chuanwei
2015-01-01
We show that the recent experimental realization of spin-orbit coupling in ultracold atomic gases can be used to study different types of spin spiral order and resulting multiferroic effects. Spin-orbit coupling in optical lattices can give rise to the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) spin interaction which is essential for spin spiral order. By taking into account spin-orbit coupling and an external Zeeman field, we derive an effective spin model in the Mott insulator regime at half filling and demonstrate that the DM interaction in optical lattices can be made extremely strong with realistic experimental parameters. The rich finite temperature phase diagrams of the effective spin models for fermions and bosons are obtained via classical Monte Carlo simulations. PMID:26014458
Influence of orbital nematic order on spin responses in Fe-based superconductors
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Su, Yuehua; Zhang, Chao; Li, Tao
2016-05-01
Electronic nematicity is ubiquitous in Fe-based superconductors, but what the primary nematic order is and how the various nematic phenomena correlate with each other are still elusive. In this manuscript we study the physical consequence of the orbital nematic order on the spin correlations. We find that the orbital nematic order can drive a significant spin nematicity and can enhance the integrated intensity of the spin fluctuations. Our study shows that the orbital nematic order has strong effect on the spin correlations and it can not be taken as an unimportant secondary effect of the nematic state in Fe-based superconductors.
Critical competition between two distinct orbital-spin ordered states in perovskite vanadates
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fujioka, J.; Yasue, T.; Miyasaka, S.; Yamasaki, Y.; Arima, T.; Sagayama, H.; Inami, T.; Ishii, K.; Tokura, Y.
2010-10-01
We have investigated the spin/orbital phase diagram in the perovskite orthovanadate RVO3 ( R=Eu , Y, Dy, and Ho) by measurements of magnetization, dielectric constant, specific heat, Raman scattering spectra, and x-ray diffraction, focusing on the interplay between the V3d spin and the 4f moment of the R ion. The thermally induced phase transition between the C-type spin/G-type orbital ordered state and the G-type spin/C-type orbital ordered state is observed for Eu1-xYxVO3 (x=0-0.52) without 4f moment. By comparing this phase diagram with the spin/orbital ordering in TbVO3 , it is evident that the critical competition between the C-type spin/G-type orbital ordered phase and the G-type spin/C-type orbital ordered one depends not only on the GdFeO3 -type lattice distortion but also on the presence of the 4f moment of the R ion. The magnetic field induced phase transition of the spin/orbital ordering is achieved concomitantly with polarizing R4f moments for DyVO3 and HoVO3 . For DyVO3 , the G-type spin/C-type orbital ordered phase is switched to the C-type spin/G-type orbital ordered one by applying a moderate magnetic field around 3 T. By contrast, the G-type spin/C-type orbital ordering is rather favored under the magnetic field in HoVO3 . The results cannot be uniquely explained in terms of the exchange interaction between the V3d spin and the R -ion 4f moment. The coupling of the R4f moment polarization with the lattice distortion tied with the orbital ordering of the V3d sublattice may also be relevant to this field induced phase transition.
Surface spin-electron acoustic waves in magnetically ordered metals
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Andreev, Pavel A.; Kuz'menkov, L. S.
2016-05-01
Degenerate plasmas with motionless ions show existence of three surface waves: the Langmuir wave, the electromagnetic wave, and the zeroth sound. Applying the separated spin evolution quantum hydrodynamics to half-space plasma, we demonstrate the existence of the surface spin-electron acoustic wave (SSEAW). We study dispersion of the SSEAW. We show that there is hybridization between the surface Langmuir wave and the SSEAW at rather small spin polarization. In the hybridization area, the dispersion branches are located close to each other. In this area, there is a strong interaction between these waves leading to the energy exchange. Consequently, generating the Langmuir waves with the frequencies close to hybridization area we can generate the SSEAWs. Thus, we report a method of creation of the spin-electron acoustic waves.
Damped spin waves in the intermediate ordered phases in Ni3V2O8
Ehlers, Georg; Podlesnyak, Andrey A.; Frontzek, Matthias D.; Pushkarev, A. V.; Shiryaev, Sergie V.; Barilo, Sergie
2015-06-09
Here, spin dynamics in the intermediate ordered phases (between 4 and 9 K) in Ni3V2O8 have been studied with inelastic neutron scattering. It is found that the spin waves are very diffuse, indicative of short lived correlations and the coexistence of paramagnetic moments with the long-range ordered state.
76 FR 53937 - Order of Succession for Government National Mortgage Association (GNMA)
Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2011-08-30
... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Order of Succession for Government National Mortgage Association (GNMA) AGENCY: Office... Succession. SUMMARY: In this notice, the President of the Government National Mortgage Association (GNMA) designates the Order of Succession for GNMA. This Order of Succession supersedes all prior Orders...
Spatial confinement governs orientational order in patchy particles
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Iwashita, Yasutaka; Kimura, Yasuyuki
2016-06-01
Orientational order in condensed matter plays a key role in determining material properties such as ferromagnetism, viscoelasticity or birefringence. We studied purely orientational ordering in closely-packed one-patch colloidal particles confined between flat substrates, where the particles can only rotate and are ordered via the sticky interaction between the patches. For the first time, we experimentally realized a rich variety of mesoscopic patterns through orientational ordering of colloids by controlling patch size and confinement thickness. The combination of experiment and numerical simulation reveals the decisive role of confinement: An ordered state(s) is selected from the (meta)stable options in bulk when it is commensurate with the system geometry and boundary conditions; otherwise, frustration induces a unique order. Our study offers a new means of systematic control over mesoscopic structures via orientational ordering in patchy particles. The system would also possess unique functionalities through the rotational response of the particles to external stimuli.
Spatial confinement governs orientational order in patchy particles
Iwashita, Yasutaka; Kimura, Yasuyuki
2016-01-01
Orientational order in condensed matter plays a key role in determining material properties such as ferromagnetism, viscoelasticity or birefringence. We studied purely orientational ordering in closely-packed one-patch colloidal particles confined between flat substrates, where the particles can only rotate and are ordered via the sticky interaction between the patches. For the first time, we experimentally realized a rich variety of mesoscopic patterns through orientational ordering of colloids by controlling patch size and confinement thickness. The combination of experiment and numerical simulation reveals the decisive role of confinement: An ordered state(s) is selected from the (meta)stable options in bulk when it is commensurate with the system geometry and boundary conditions; otherwise, frustration induces a unique order. Our study offers a new means of systematic control over mesoscopic structures via orientational ordering in patchy particles. The system would also possess unique functionalities through the rotational response of the particles to external stimuli. PMID:27264521
Absence of spin order in a two-dimensional orbital optical lattice
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zhou, Zhenyu; Liu, Vincent; Zhao, Erhai
2015-03-01
Mott insulators with both spin and orbital degeneracy are pertinent to a family of transition metal oxides. The intertwined spin and orbital fluctuations can lead to exotic phases such as quantum spin-orbital liquids. Here we consider two-component spin 1/2 fermionic atoms with strong repulsive interaction on the p-band of the square optical lattice. We derive the spin-orbital exchange for quarter filling of the p-band in the Mott limit, and show it frustrates the development of long range spin order. Exact diagonalization indicates a spin-disordered ground state with ferro-orbital order. The system dynamically decouples into individual Heisenberg spin chains, each realizing a Luttinger liquid accessible at higher temperatures compared to atoms confined to the s-band. Our model serves as an example of how orbital order enhances quantum fluctuations to prevent spin order and leads to dimension reduction in a quantum gas system. This work is supported by AFOSR FA9550-12-1-0079, NSF PHY-1205504, and ARO W911NF-11-1-0230.
Geometrical structure and spin order of Gd13 cluster
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yuan, H. K.; Chen, H.; Kuang, A. L.; Wu, B.
2011-09-01
The spin-polarized generalized gradient approximation to the density-functional theory has been used to determine the lowest energy structure, electronic structure, and magnetic property of Gd13 cluster. Our results show that the ionic bonding is combined with the covalent characteristics in stabilizing the Gd cluster. The ferrimagnetic icosahedron is found to be the lowest energy configuration, in which the centered Gd atom couples antiferromagnetically with the rest Gd atoms surrounding it. No spin non-collinear evidence has been detected in our calculations. It is identified that the local magnetic moments of Gd atom are about 8 μB regardless of geometrical structure. Finally, the comprehensive electronic structure analyses show that the indirect long-range magnetic coupling between the polarized 4f is mediated by the polarization of 5d, 6s, and 6p conduction electrons, which is the typical Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida interactions.
Ferrimagnetic ordering and spin entropy of field-dependent intermediate spins in Na0.82CoO2
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shu, G. J.; Chou, F. C.
2016-04-01
The peculiar field-dependent magnetism of Na0.82CoO2 has been investigated through an analysis of its dc and ac spin susceptibilities. To account for the easily activated narrow b2 g-a1 g gap of the crystal field for Co in the cobalt oxide layer, the spin-state transition of Co3 + (3 d6 ) between the low-spin (LS) state b2g 2a1g 0 of S =0 and the intermediate-spin (IS) state b2g 1a1g 1 of S =1 is thus seen as thermally activated and exhibits a Boltzmann distribution. The IS state of Co3 + within each √{13 }a hexagonal superlattice formed by the S =1 /2 state of the Co4 + ions appears randomly within each supercell and shows significant temperature and field dependence. The magnetic field is found to assist in pinning down the thermally activated state of Co3 + and swings the Boltzmann distribution weight toward a higher fraction of the IS state. The field dependence of the in-plane magnetic moment from the added number of S =1 spins is used to explain the origin of A -type antiferromagnetic (AF) ordering, particularly that the ferromagnetic (FM)-like behavior below TN at low field is actually a ferrimagnetic IS spin ordering of Co3 +.
Recoil velocity at second post-Newtonian order for spinning black hole binaries
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Racine, Étienne; Buonanno, Alessandra; Kidder, Larry
2009-08-01
We compute the flux of linear momentum carried by gravitational waves emitted from spinning binary black holes at second post-Newtonian (2PN) order for generic orbits. In particular we provide explicit expressions of three new types of terms, namely, next-to-leading order spin-orbit terms at 1.5 post-Newtonian (1.5PN) order, spin-orbit tail terms at 2PN order, and spin-spin terms at 2PN order. Restricting ourselves to quasicircular orbits, we integrate the linear-momentum flux over time to obtain the recoil velocity as function of orbital frequency. We find that in the so-called superkick configuration the higher-order spin corrections can increase the recoil velocity up to a factor ˜3 with respect to the leading-order PN prediction. Whereas the recoil velocity computed in PN theory within the adiabatic approximation can accurately describe the early inspiral phase, we find that its fast increase during the late inspiral and plunge, and the arbitrariness in determining until when it should be trusted, makes the PN predictions for the total recoil not very accurate and robust. Nevertheless, the linear-momentum flux at higher PN orders can be employed to build more reliable resummed expressions aimed at capturing the nonperturbative effects until merger. Furthermore, we provide expressions valid for generic orbits, and accurate at 2PN order, for the energy and angular momentum carried by gravitational waves emitted from spinning binary black holes. Specializing to quasicircular orbits we compute the spin-spin terms at 2PN order in the expression for the evolution of the orbital frequency and found agreement with Mikóczi, Vasúth, and Gergely. We also verified that in the limit of extreme mass ratio our expressions for the energy and angular momentum fluxes match the ones of Tagoshi, Shibata, Tanaka, and Sasaki obtained in the context of black hole perturbation theory.
Transmission of spin waves in ordered FeRh epitaxial thin films
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Usami, Takamasa; Suzuki, Ippei; Itoh, Mitsuru; Taniyama, Tomoyasu
2016-06-01
We report on B2-ordering dependence of magnetostatic surface spin waves in ferromagnetic FeRh at room temperature. Spin waves transmit over a distance longer than 21 μm in highly ordered FeRh alloys even with relatively large spin-orbit interaction. The long-range transmission likely arises from the induced Rh moments of the ordered FeRh due to ferromagnetic exchange interaction between Fe and Rh. The results indicate a potential of using FeRh in spintronic and magnonic applications by integrating with other fascinating magnetic characteristics of FeRh such as electric field induced magnetic phase transition.
Spin-controlled orbital motion in tightly focused high-order Laguerre-Gaussian beams.
Cao, Yongyin; Zhu, Tongtong; Lv, Haiyi; Ding, Weiqiang
2016-02-22
Spin angular momentum can contribute to both optical force and torque exerted on spheres. Orbit rate of spheres located in tightly focused LG beams with the same azimuthal mode index l is spin-controlled due to spin-orbit coupling. Laguerre-Gaussian beams with high-order azimuthal mode are used here to study the orbit rate of dielectric spheres. Orbit rates of spheres with varying sizes and refravtive indices are investigated as well as optical forces acting on spheres in LG beams with different azimuthal modes. These results would be much helpful to investigation on optical rotation and transfer of spin and orbital angular momentum. PMID:26906996
TOPICAL REVIEW: Quantum spin nanotubes—frustration, competing orders and criticalities
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sakai, Tôru; Sato, Masahiro; Okamoto, Kiyomi; Okunishi, Kouichi; Itoi, Chigak
2010-10-01
Recent developments of theoretical studies on spin nanotubes are reviewed, especially focusing on the S = 1/2 three-leg spin tube. In contrast to the three-leg spin ladder, the tube has a spin gap in the case of the regular-triangle unit cell when the rung interaction is sufficiently large. The effective theory based on the Hubbard Hamiltonian indicates a quantum phase transition to a gapless spin liquid due to the lattice distortion to an isosceles triangle. This is also supported by the numerical diagonalization and the density matrix renormalization group analyses. Furthermore, combining analytical and numerical approaches, we reveal several novel magnetic-field-induced phenomena: Néel, dimer, chiral and/or inhomogeneous orders, a new mechanism for the magnetization plateau formation, and others. The recently synthesized spin tube materials are also briefly introduced.
Government: Executive Order Brings Federal Agencies Under OSHA Rules.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Chemical and Engineering News, 1980
1980-01-01
Outlined are implications for the execution of an executive order, effective July 1, 1980, requiring federal agencies to comply with the same occupational safety and health standards that private employers must meet. A brief history of prior attempts to put similar safeguards on federal facilities is provided. (CS)
Canonical Hamiltonian for an extended test body in curved spacetime: To quadratic order in spin
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Vines, Justin; Kunst, Daniela; Steinhoff, Jan; Hinderer, Tanja
2016-03-01
We derive a Hamiltonian for an extended spinning test-body in a curved background spacetime, to quadratic order in the spin, in terms of three-dimensional position, momentum, and spin variables having canonical Poisson brackets. This requires a careful analysis of how changes of the spin supplementary condition are related to shifts of the body's representative worldline and transformations of the body's multipole moments, and we employ bitensor calculus for a precise framing of this analysis. We apply the result to the case of the Kerr spacetime and thereby compute an explicit canonical Hamiltonian for the test-body limit of the spinning two-body problem in general relativity, valid for generic orbits and spin orientations, to quadratic order in the test spin. This fully relativistic Hamiltonian is then expanded in post-Newtonian orders and in powers of the Kerr spin parameter, allowing comparisons with and extensions of the test-mass limits of available post-Newtonian results. Both the fully relativistic Hamiltonian and the results of its expansion can inform the construction of waveform models, especially effective-one-body models, for the analysis of gravitational waves from compact binaries.
Canonical Hamiltonian for an extended test body in curved spacetime: To quadratic order in spin
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Vines, Justin; Kunst, Daniela; Steinhoff, Jan; Hinderer, Tanja
2016-05-01
We derive a Hamiltonian for an extended spinning test body in a curved background spacetime, to quadratic order in the spin, in terms of three-dimensional position, momentum, and spin variables having canonical Poisson brackets. This requires a careful analysis of how changes of the spin supplementary condition are related to shifts of the body's representative worldline and transformations of the body's multipole moments, and we employ bitensor calculus for a precise framing of this analysis. We apply the result to the case of the Kerr spacetime and thereby compute an explicit canonical Hamiltonian for the test-body limit of the spinning two-body problem in general relativity, valid for generic orbits and spin orientations, to quadratic order in the test spin. This fully relativistic Hamiltonian is then expanded in post-Newtonian orders and in powers of the Kerr spin parameter, allowing comparisons with the test-mass limits of available post-Newtonian results. Both the fully relativistic Hamiltonian and the results of its expansion can inform the construction of waveform models, especially effective-one-body models, for the analysis of gravitational waves from compact binaries.
Spin-squared Hamiltonian of next-to-leading order gravitational interaction
Steinhoff, Jan; Hergt, Steven; Schaefer, Gerhard
2008-11-15
The static, i.e., linear momentum independent, part of the next-to-leading order (NLO) gravitational spin(1)-spin(1) interaction Hamiltonian within the post-Newtonian (PN) approximation is calculated from a three-dimensional covariant ansatz for the Hamilton constraint. All coefficients in this ansatz can be uniquely fixed for black holes. The resulting Hamiltonian fits into the canonical formalism of Arnowitt, Deser, and Misner (ADM) and is given in their transverse-traceless (ADMTT) gauge. This completes the recent result for the momentum dependent part of the NLO spin(1)-spin(1) ADM Hamiltonian for binary black holes (BBH). Thus, all PN NLO effects up to quadratic order in spin for BBH are now given in Hamiltonian form in the ADMTT gauge. The equations of motion resulting from this Hamiltonian are an important step toward more accurate calculations of templates for gravitational waves.
Deciphering the rules governing assembly order of mammalian septin complexes.
Sellin, Mikael E; Sandblad, Linda; Stenmark, Sonja; Gullberg, Martin
2011-09-01
Septins are conserved GTP-binding proteins that assemble into lateral diffusion barriers and molecular scaffolds. Vertebrate genomes contain 9-17 septin genes that encode both ubiquitous and tissue-specific septins. Expressed septins may assemble in various combinations through both heterotypic and homotypic G-domain interactions. However, little is known regarding assembly states of mammalian septins and mechanisms directing ordered assembly of individual septins into heteromeric units, which is the focus of this study. Our analysis of the septin system in cells lacking or overexpressing selected septins reveals interdependencies coinciding with previously described homology subgroups. Hydrodynamic and single-particle data show that individual septins exist solely in the context of stable six- to eight-subunit core heteromers, all of which contain SEPT2 and SEPT6 subgroup members and SEPT7, while heteromers comprising more than six subunits also contain SEPT9. The combined data suggest a generic model for how the temporal order of septin assembly is homology subgroup-directed, which in turn determines the subunit arrangement of native heteromers. Because mammalian cells normally express multiple members and/or isoforms of some septin subgroups, our data also suggest that only a minor fraction of native heteromers are arranged as perfect palindromes. PMID:21737677
Quantum Effects in Higher-Order Correlators of a Quantum-Dot Spin Qubit
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bechtold, A.; Li, F.; Müller, K.; Simmet, T.; Ardelt, P.-L.; Finley, J. J.; Sinitsyn, N. A.
2016-07-01
We measure time correlators of a spin qubit in an optically active quantum dot beyond the second order. Such higher-order correlators are shown to be directly sensitive to pure quantum effects that cannot be explained within the classical framework. They allow direct determination of ensemble and quantum dephasing times, T2* and T2, using only repeated projective measurements and without the need for coherent spin control. Our method enables studies of purely quantum behavior in solid state systems, including tests of the Leggett-Garg type of inequalities that rule out local hidden variable interpretation of the quantum-dot spin dynamics.
Quantum Effects in Higher-Order Correlators of a Quantum-Dot Spin Qubit.
Bechtold, A; Li, F; Müller, K; Simmet, T; Ardelt, P-L; Finley, J J; Sinitsyn, N A
2016-07-01
We measure time correlators of a spin qubit in an optically active quantum dot beyond the second order. Such higher-order correlators are shown to be directly sensitive to pure quantum effects that cannot be explained within the classical framework. They allow direct determination of ensemble and quantum dephasing times, T_{2}^{*} and T_{2}, using only repeated projective measurements and without the need for coherent spin control. Our method enables studies of purely quantum behavior in solid state systems, including tests of the Leggett-Garg type of inequalities that rule out local hidden variable interpretation of the quantum-dot spin dynamics. PMID:27447523
48 CFR 252.251-7000 - Ordering from Government supply sources.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-10-01
... supply sources. 252.251-7000 Section 252.251-7000 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE... CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.251-7000 Ordering from Government supply sources. As prescribed in 251.107, use the following clause: Ordering From Government Supply Sources (AUG 2012) (a)...
48 CFR 252.251-7000 - Ordering from Government supply sources.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-10-01
... supply sources. 252.251-7000 Section 252.251-7000 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE... CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.251-7000 Ordering from Government supply sources. As prescribed in 251.107, use the following clause: Ordering From Government Supply Sources (AUG 2012) (a)...
Hidden order in spin-liquid Gd₃Ga₅O₁₂.
Paddison, Joseph A M; Jacobsen, Henrik; Petrenko, Oleg A; Fernández-Díaz, Maria Teresa; Deen, Pascale P; Goodwin, Andrew L
2015-10-01
Frustrated magnetic materials are promising candidates for new states of matter because lattice geometry suppresses conventional magnetic dipole order, potentially allowing "hidden" order to emerge in its place. A model of a hidden-order state at the atomic scale is difficult to deduce because microscopic probes are not directly sensitive to hidden order. Here, we develop such a model of the spin-liquid state in the canonical frustrated magnet gadolinium gallium garnet (Gd3Ga5O12). We show that this state exhibits a long-range hidden order in which multipoles are formed from 10-spin loops. The order is a consequence of the interplay between antiferromagnetic spin correlations and local magnetic anisotropy, which allows it to be indirectly observed in neutron-scattering experiments. PMID:26450205
High-order moments of spin-orbit energy in a multielectron configuration
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Na, Xieyu; Poirier, M.
2016-07-01
In order to analyze the energy-level distribution in complex ions such as those found in warm dense plasmas, this paper provides values for high-order moments of the spin-orbit energy in a multielectron configuration. Using second-quantization results and standard angular algebra or fully analytical expressions, explicit values are given for moments up to 10th order for the spin-orbit energy. Two analytical methods are proposed, using the uncoupled or coupled orbital and spin angular momenta. The case of multiple open subshells is considered with the help of cumulants. The proposed expressions for spin-orbit energy moments are compared to numerical computations from Cowan's code and agree with them. The convergence of the Gram-Charlier expansion involving these spin-orbit moments is analyzed. While a spectrum with infinitely thin components cannot be adequately represented by such an expansion, a suitable convolution procedure ensures the convergence of the Gram-Charlier series provided high-order terms are accounted for. A corrected analytical formula for the third-order moment involving both spin-orbit and electron-electron interactions turns out to be in fair agreement with Cowan's numerical computations.
High-order moments of spin-orbit energy in a multielectron configuration.
Na, Xieyu; Poirier, M
2016-07-01
In order to analyze the energy-level distribution in complex ions such as those found in warm dense plasmas, this paper provides values for high-order moments of the spin-orbit energy in a multielectron configuration. Using second-quantization results and standard angular algebra or fully analytical expressions, explicit values are given for moments up to 10th order for the spin-orbit energy. Two analytical methods are proposed, using the uncoupled or coupled orbital and spin angular momenta. The case of multiple open subshells is considered with the help of cumulants. The proposed expressions for spin-orbit energy moments are compared to numerical computations from Cowan's code and agree with them. The convergence of the Gram-Charlier expansion involving these spin-orbit moments is analyzed. While a spectrum with infinitely thin components cannot be adequately represented by such an expansion, a suitable convolution procedure ensures the convergence of the Gram-Charlier series provided high-order terms are accounted for. A corrected analytical formula for the third-order moment involving both spin-orbit and electron-electron interactions turns out to be in fair agreement with Cowan's numerical computations. PMID:27575229
Félix, Gautier; Nicolazzi, William; Salmon, Lionel; Molnár, Gábor; Perrier, Marine; Maurin, Guillaume; Larionova, Joulia; Long, Jérôme; Guari, Yannick; Bousseksou, Azzedine
2013-06-01
We analyzed the size effect on a first-order spin transition governed by elastic interactions. This study was performed in the framework of a nonextensive thermodynamic core-shell model. When decreasing the particle size, differences in surface energies between the two phases lead to the shrinking of the thermal hysteresis width, the lowering of the transition temperature, and the increase of residual fractions at low temperature, in good agreement with recent experimental observations on spin transition nanomaterials. On the other hand, a modification of the particle-matrix interface may allow for the existence of the hysteresis loop even at very low sizes. In addition, an unexpected reopening of the hysteresis, when the size decreases, is also possible due to the hardening of the nanoparticles at very small sizes, which we deduced from the size dependence of the Debye temperature of a series of coordination nanoparticles. PMID:25167512
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Félix, Gautier; Nicolazzi, William; Salmon, Lionel; Molnár, Gábor; Perrier, Marine; Maurin, Guillaume; Larionova, Joulia; Long, Jérôme; Guari, Yannick; Bousseksou, Azzedine
2013-06-01
We analyzed the size effect on a first-order spin transition governed by elastic interactions. This study was performed in the framework of a nonextensive thermodynamic core-shell model. When decreasing the particle size, differences in surface energies between the two phases lead to the shrinking of the thermal hysteresis width, the lowering of the transition temperature, and the increase of residual fractions at low temperature, in good agreement with recent experimental observations on spin transition nanomaterials. On the other hand, a modification of the particle-matrix interface may allow for the existence of the hysteresis loop even at very low sizes. In addition, an unexpected reopening of the hysteresis, when the size decreases, is also possible due to the hardening of the nanoparticles at very small sizes, which we deduced from the size dependence of the Debye temperature of a series of coordination nanoparticles.
Next-to-leading order gravitational spin-orbit coupling in an effective field theory approach
Levi, Michele
2010-11-15
We use an effective field theory (EFT) approach to calculate the next-to-leading order (NLO) gravitational spin-orbit interaction between two spinning compact objects. The NLO spin-orbit interaction provides the most computationally complex sector of the NLO spin effects, previously derived within the EFT approach. In particular, it requires the inclusion of nonstationary cubic self-gravitational interaction, as well as the implementation of a spin supplementary condition (SSC) at higher orders. The EFT calculation is carried out in terms of the nonrelativistic gravitational field parametrization, making the calculation more efficient with no need to rely on automated computations, and illustrating the coupling hierarchy of the different gravitational field components to the spin and mass sources. Finally, we show explicitly how to relate the EFT derived spin results to the canonical results obtained with the Arnowitt-Deser-Misner (ADM) Hamiltonian formalism. This is done using noncanonical transformations, required due to the implementation of covariant SSC, as well as canonical transformations at the level of the Hamiltonian, with no need to resort to the equations of motion or the Dirac brackets.
Phase transitions and charge ordering in a square spin ice model with conserved monopole density
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Xie, Yunlong; Zhou, Xiaohui; Liu, Jun-Ming
2015-03-01
Artificial spin ices represent a class of highly interested frustrated magnetic systems under intensive investigations for fascinating ground states and thermodynamics/dynamics of spin excitations in recent years. As one of these issues, magnetic charge ordering and the corresponding phase transitions in the two-dimensional system are emerging topics in condensed matter physics. In this work, we investigate all the monopole-ordered phases of the square spin ice model using the conserved monopole density algorithm. In low monopole density (ρ ~ 0), the Coulomb potential determines the monopoles' dynamics. We test the Coulomb's law in a two-dimension lattice and justify the monopole dimerization which is quite different from the three-dimensional pyrochlore spin ice. These monopole dimers are charge neutral, and the interactions between them have also been investigated using our algorithm. In the cases of high monopole density (ρ ~ 1), the system is similar to the dipolar kagome spin ice model, and our simulation results show that there exists an intermediate phase between the paramagnetic phase and the ordered magnetic phase. Such intermediate phase can be distinguished by the order of magnetic charges. In a cooling process, the system undergoes a two-stage magnetic phase transition before freezing to the long range magnetic ordered phase via a staggered charge ordering. Furthermore, a liquefaction process of monopole dimers can be justified upon the increasing effective internal pressure in the isothermal condition.
Spin-Lattice-Coupled Order in Heisenberg Antiferromagnets on the Pyrochlore Lattice
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Aoyama, Kazushi; Kawamura, Hikaru
2016-06-01
Effects of local lattice distortions on the spin ordering are investigated for the antiferromagnetic classical Heisenberg model on the pyrochlore lattice. It is found by Monte Carlo simulations that the spin-lattice coupling (SLC) originating from site phonons induces a first-order transition into two different types of collinear magnetic ordered states. The state realized at the stronger SLC is cubic symmetric characterized by the magnetic (1/2 ,1/2 ,1/2 ) Bragg peaks, while that at the weaker SLC is tetragonal symmetric characterized by the (1,1,0) ones, each accompanied by the commensurate local lattice distortions. Experimental implications to chromium spinels are discussed.
Rusakova, Irina L; Krivdin, Leonid B
2013-11-01
A double perturbation theory (DPT) at the second order level of approximation formalism has been applied to examine the dihedral angle dependence of the Fermi-contact (FC) contribution to nuclear spin-spin coupling constants. The unperturbed wave function of the ground state in DPT was approximated by the Hartree-Fock Slater determinant, while the excited states were treated as the single excited determinants. An analytical expression relating the FC term of vicinal proton-proton spin-spin coupling constants across the aliphatic single carbon-carbon bond to the dihedral angle describing inner rotation around the C-C bond in the ten-electron ten-orbital moiety H-C-C-H has been derived and analyzed. In particular, it has been shown that extrema of (3)J(H,H) are observed at φ = πn, n = 0, ±1, ±2,…, which provides a theoretical background of a well-known semiempirical Karplus equation. PMID:24071769
Charge-ordering cascade with spin-orbit Mott dimer states in metallic iridium ditelluride.
Ko, K-T; Lee, H-H; Kim, D-H; Yang, J-J; Cheong, S-W; Eom, M J; Kim, J S; Gammag, R; Kim, K-S; Kim, H-S; Kim, T-H; Yeom, H-W; Koo, T-Y; Kim, H-D; Park, J-H
2015-01-01
Spin-orbit coupling results in technologically-crucial phenomena underlying magnetic devices like magnetic memories and energy-efficient motors. In heavy element materials, the strength of spin-orbit coupling becomes large to affect the overall electronic nature and induces novel states such as topological insulators and spin-orbit-integrated Mott states. Here we report an unprecedented charge-ordering cascade in IrTe2 without the loss of metallicity, which involves localized spin-orbit Mott states with diamagnetic Ir(4+)-Ir(4+) dimers. The cascade in cooling, uncompensated in heating, consists of first order-type consecutive transitions from a pure Ir(3+) phase to Ir(3+)-Ir(4+) charge-ordered phases, which originate from Ir 5d to Te 5p charge transfer involving anionic polymeric bond breaking. Considering that the system exhibits superconductivity with suppression of the charge order by doping, analogously to cuprates, these results provide a new electronic paradigm of localized charge-ordered states interacting with itinerant electrons through large spin-orbit coupling. PMID:26059464
3 CFR 13494 - Executive Order 13494 of January 30, 2009. Economy in Government Contracting
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
... 3 The President 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Executive Order 13494 of January 30, 2009. Economy... 13494 of January 30, 2009 EO 13494 Economy in Government Contracting By the authority vested in me as... promote economy and efficiency in Government contracting, certain costs that are not directly related...
Nearest-Neighbor Repulsion and Competing Charge and Spin Order in the Extended Hubbard Model.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bahman, Davoudi; Tremblay, A.-M. S.
2006-03-01
We generalize the Two-Particle Self-Consistent (TPSC) approach to study the extended Hubbard model where the nearest-neighbor interaction V is present in addition to the local interaction U. Our results are in good agreement with available Quantum Monte-Carlo results over the whole range of density n up to intermediate coupling. As a function of U, V and n we observe different kinds of charge and spin orders, like commensurate/incommensurate charge and spin density wave, phase separation, and ferromagnetic order. For attractive V superconductivity could exist in the regions where the other types of charge and spin orders do not dominate. Ref.: B. Davoudi and A.-M.S. Tremblay, cond-mat/0509707
Enhanced Ferroelectric Polarization by Induced Dy Spin Order in Multiferroic DyMnO{sub 3}
Prokhnenko, O.; Landsgesell, S.; Aliouane, N.; Argyriou, D. N.; Feyerherm, R.; Dudzik, E.
2007-02-02
Neutron powder diffraction and single crystal x-ray resonant magnetic scattering measurements suggest that Dy plays an active role in enhancing the ferroelectric polarization in multiferroic DyMnO{sub 3} above T{sub N}{sup Dy}=6.5 K. We observe the evolution of an incommensurate ordering of Dy moments with the same periodicity as the Mn spiral ordering. It closely tracks the evolution of the ferroelectric polarization. Below T{sub N}{sup Dy}, where Dy spins order commensurately, the polarization decreases to values similar for those of TbMnO{sub 3}. The higher P{sub s} found just above T{sub N}{sup Dy} arises from the contribution of Dy spins so as to effectively increase the amplitude of the Mn spin spiral.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Pürrer, Michael
2016-03-01
I provide a frequency domain reduced order model (ROM) for the aligned-spin effective-one-body model "SEOBNRv2" for data analysis with second- and third-generation ground-based gravitational wave (GW) detectors. SEOBNRv2 models the dominant mode of the GWs emitted by the coalescence of black hole binaries. The large physical parameter space (dimensionless spins -1 ≤χi≤0.99 and symmetric mass ratios 0.01 ≤η ≤0.25 ) requires sophisticated reduced order modeling techniques, including patching in the parameter space and in frequency. I find that the time window over which the inspiral-plunge and the merger-ringdown waveform in SEOBNRv2 are connected has a discontinuous dependence on the parameters when the spin parameter χ =0.8 or the symmetric mass ratio η ˜0.083 . This discontinuity increases resolution requirements for the ROM. The ROM can be used for compact binary systems with total masses of 2 M⊙ or higher for the Advanced LIGO design sensitivity and a 10 Hz lower cutoff frequency. The ROM has a worst mismatch against SEOBNRv2 of ˜1 %, but in general mismatches are better than ˜0.1 %. The ROM is crucial for key data analysis applications for compact binaries, such as GW searches and parameter estimation carried out within the LIGO Scientific Collaboration.
Anisotropy: Spin order and magnetization of single-crystalline Cu4(OH) 6FBr barlowite
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Han, Tian-Heng; Isaacs, Eric D.; Schlueter, John A.; Singleton, John
2016-06-01
Despite decades-long fascination, the difficulty of maintaining high lattice symmetry in frustrated nonbipartite S =1/2 materials that can also be made into high-quality single crystals has been a persistent challenge. Here we report magnetization studies of a single-crystal sample of barlowite, Cu4(OH) 6 FBr , which has a geometrically perfect kagome motif. At T ≤4.2 K and 35 ≤μ0H ≤65 T, the interlayer spins are fully polarized, and the kagome-intrinsic magnetization is consistent with a Heisenberg model having J /kB=-180 K. Several field-driven anomalies are observed, having varied scalings with temperature. At an applied field, kagome disorder caused by the interlayer spins is smaller than that in herbertsmithite. At T ≤ 15 K, the bulk magnetic moment comes from the interlayer spins. An almost coplanar spin order suggests that the magnitude of in-plane Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction is smaller than 0.006(6) J . On the other hand, the possibility of a spin-liquid state in the kagome lattice coexisting with ordered interlayer spins is left open.
Refrustration and competing orders in the prototypical Dy2Ti2O7 spin ice material
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Henelius, P.; Lin, T.; Enjalran, M.; Hao, Z.; Rau, J. G.; Altosaar, J.; Flicker, F.; Yavors'kii, T.; Gingras, M. J. P.
2016-01-01
Spin ices, frustrated magnetic materials analogous to common water ice, have emerged over the past 15 years as exemplars of high frustration in three dimensions. Recent experimental developments aimed at interrogating anew the low-temperature properties of these systems, in particular whether the predicted transition to long-range order occurs, behoove researchers to scrutinize our current dipolar spin ice model description of these materials. In this work, we do so by combining extensive Monte Carlo simulations and mean-field theory calculations to analyze data from previous magnetization, diffuse neutron scattering, and specific-heat measurements on the paradigmatic Dy2Ti2O7 spin ice material. In this work, we also reconsider the possible importance of the nuclear specific heat Cnuc in Dy2Ti2O7 . We find that Cnuc is not entirely negligible below a temperature ˜0.5 K and must therefore be taken into account in a quantitative analysis of the calorimetric data of this compound below that temperature. We find that in this material, small effective spin-spin exchange interactions compete with the magnetostatic dipolar interaction responsible for the main spin ice phenomenology. This causes an unexpected "refrustration" of the long-range order that would be expected from the incompletely self-screened dipolar interaction and which positions the material at the boundary between two competing classical long-range-ordered ground states. This allows for the manifestation of new physical low-temperature phenomena in Dy2Ti2O7 , as exposed by recent specific-heat measurements. We show that among the four most likely causes for the observed upturn of the specific heat at low temperature [an exchange-induced transition to long-range order, quantum non-Ising (transverse) terms in the effective spin Hamiltonian, the nuclear hyperfine contribution, and random disorder], only the last appears to be reasonably able to explain the calorimetric data.
Chamati, Hassan; Romano, Silvano
2014-08-01
At low temperatures, some lattice spin models with simple ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic interactions (for example, nearest-neighbor interaction being isotropic in spin space on a bipartite three-dimensional lattice) produce orientationally ordered phases exhibiting nematic (second-rank) order, in addition to the primary first-rank one; on the other hand, in the literature, they have been rather seldom investigated in this respect. Here we study the thermodynamic properties of a three-dimensional model with dipolar-like interaction. Its ground state is found to exhibit full orientational order with respect to a suitably defined staggered magnetization (polarization), but no nematic second-rank order. Extensive Monte Carlo simulations, in conjunction with finite-size scaling analysis, have been used for characterizing its critical behavior; on the other hand, it has been found that nematic order does indeed set in at low temperatures, via a mechanism of order by disorder. PMID:25215748
Quantum size effects in competing charge and spin orderings of dangling bond wires on Si(001)
Lee, Ji Young; Cho, Jun-Hyung; Zhang, Zhenyu
2009-01-01
Using spin-polarized density-functional theory calculations, we investigate the competition between charge and spin orderings in dangling-bond DB wires of increasing lengths fabricated on an H-terminated Si 001 surface. For wires containing less than ten DBs as studied in recent experiments, we find antiferromagnetic AF ordering to be energetically much more favorable than charge ordering. The energy preference of AF ordering shrinks in an oscillatory way as the wire length increases and preserves its sign even for DB wires of infinite length. The oscillatory behavior can be attributed to quantum size effects as the DB electrons fill discrete quantum levels. The predicted AF ordering is in startling contrast with the prevailing picture of charge ordering due to Jahn-Teller distortion or Peierls instability for wires of finite or infinite lengths, respectively.
Magnetic-charge ordering and phase transitions in monopole-conserved square spin ice.
Xie, Y-L; Du, Z-Z; Yan, Z-B; Liu, J-M
2015-01-01
Magnetic-charge ordering and corresponding magnetic/monopole phase transitions in spin ices are the emergent topics of condensed matter physics. In this work, we investigate a series of magnetic-charge (monopole) phase transitions in artificial square spin ice model using the conserved monopole density algorithm. It is revealed that the dynamics of low monopole density lattices is controlled by the effective Coulomb interaction and the Dirac string tension, leading to the monopole dimerization which is quite different from the dynamics of three-dimensional pyrochlore spin ice. The condensation of the monopole dimers into monopole crystals with staggered magnetic-charge order can be predicted clearly. For the high monopole density cases, the lattice undergoes two consecutive phase transitions from high-temperature paramagnetic/charge-disordered phase into staggered charge-ordered phase before eventually toward the long-range magnetically-ordered phase as the ground state which is of staggered charge order too. A phase diagram over the whole temperature-monopole density space, which exhibits a series of emergent spin and monopole ordered states, is presented. PMID:26511870
Magnetic-charge ordering and phase transitions in monopole-conserved square spin ice
Xie, Y.-L.; Du, Z.-Z.; Yan, Z.-B.; Liu, J.-M.
2015-01-01
Magnetic-charge ordering and corresponding magnetic/monopole phase transitions in spin ices are the emergent topics of condensed matter physics. In this work, we investigate a series of magnetic-charge (monopole) phase transitions in artificial square spin ice model using the conserved monopole density algorithm. It is revealed that the dynamics of low monopole density lattices is controlled by the effective Coulomb interaction and the Dirac string tension, leading to the monopole dimerization which is quite different from the dynamics of three-dimensional pyrochlore spin ice. The condensation of the monopole dimers into monopole crystals with staggered magnetic-charge order can be predicted clearly. For the high monopole density cases, the lattice undergoes two consecutive phase transitions from high-temperature paramagnetic/charge-disordered phase into staggered charge-ordered phase before eventually toward the long-range magnetically-ordered phase as the ground state which is of staggered charge order too. A phase diagram over the whole temperature-monopole density space, which exhibits a series of emergent spin and monopole ordered states, is presented. PMID:26511870
Magnetic-charge ordering and phase transitions in monopole-conserved square spin ice
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Xie, Y.-L.; Du, Z.-Z.; Yan, Z.-B.; Liu, J.-M.
2015-10-01
Magnetic-charge ordering and corresponding magnetic/monopole phase transitions in spin ices are the emergent topics of condensed matter physics. In this work, we investigate a series of magnetic-charge (monopole) phase transitions in artificial square spin ice model using the conserved monopole density algorithm. It is revealed that the dynamics of low monopole density lattices is controlled by the effective Coulomb interaction and the Dirac string tension, leading to the monopole dimerization which is quite different from the dynamics of three-dimensional pyrochlore spin ice. The condensation of the monopole dimers into monopole crystals with staggered magnetic-charge order can be predicted clearly. For the high monopole density cases, the lattice undergoes two consecutive phase transitions from high-temperature paramagnetic/charge-disordered phase into staggered charge-ordered phase before eventually toward the long-range magnetically-ordered phase as the ground state which is of staggered charge order too. A phase diagram over the whole temperature-monopole density space, which exhibits a series of emergent spin and monopole ordered states, is presented.
Levi, Michele; Steinhoff, Jan E-mail: jan.steinhoff@ist.utl.pt
2014-12-01
The next-to-next-to-leading order spin1-spin2 potential for an inspiralling binary, that is essential for accuracy to fourth post-Newtonian order, if both components in the binary are spinning rapidly, has been recently derived independently via the ADM Hamiltonian and the Effective Field Theory approaches, using different gauges and variables. Here we show the complete physical equivalence of the two results, thereby we first prove the equivalence of the ADM Hamiltonian and the Effective Field Theory approaches at next-to-next-to-leading order with the inclusion of spins. The main difficulty in the spinning sectors, which also prescribes the manner in which the comparison of the two results is tackled here, is the existence of redundant unphysical spin degrees of freedom, associated with the spin gauge choice of a point within the extended spinning object for its representative worldline. After gauge fixing and eliminating the unphysical degrees of freedom of the spin and its conjugate at the level of the action, we arrive at curved spacetime generalizations of the Newton-Wigner variables in closed form, which can also be used to obtain further Hamiltonians, based on an Effective Field Theory formulation and computation. Finally, we make use of our validated result to provide gauge invariant relations among the binding energy, angular momentum, and orbital frequency of an inspiralling binary with generic compact spinning components to fourth post-Newtonian order, including all known sectors up to date.
HfMnSb2 : A Metal-Ordered NiAs-type Pnictide with a Conical Spin Order.
Murakami, Taito; Yamamoto, Takafumi; Tassel, Cédric; Takatsu, Hiroshi; Ritter, Clemens; Ajiro, Yoshitami; Kageyama, Hiroshi
2016-08-16
The NiAs-type structure is one of the most common structures in solids, but metal order has been almost exclusively limited to chalcogenides. The synthesis of HfMnSb2 is reported with a novel metal-ordered NiAs-type structure. HfMnSb2 undergoes a conical spin order below 270 K, in marked contrast to conventional magnetic order observed in NiAs-type pnictides. We argue that the layered arrangement of Hf and Mn makes it a quasi 2D magnet, where the Mn layers with localized magnetic moments (Mn(2+) ; S=5/2) can interact only through RKKY interactions, instead of metal-metal bonding that is otherwise dominant for typical NiAs-type pnictides. This result suggests that controlling order-disorder in NiAs-type pnictides enables a study of 2D-to-3D crossover behavior in itinerant magnetic system. PMID:27355989
48 CFR 1480.502 - Order of precedence for use of Government supply sources.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-10-01
... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Order of precedence for use of Government supply sources. 1480.502 Section 1480.502 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR INDIAN AFFAIRS SUPPLEMENT ACQUISITIONS UNDER THE BUY INDIAN ACT Procedures 1480.502 Order of precedence for use of...
Spin-Lattice Order in One-Dimensional Conductors: Beyond the RKKY Effect.
Schecter, Michael; Rudner, Mark S; Flensberg, Karsten
2015-06-19
We investigate magnetic order in a lattice of classical spins coupled to an isotropic gas of one-dimensional conduction electrons via local exchange interactions. The frequently discussed Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida effective exchange model for this system predicts that spiral order is always preferred. Here we consider the problem nonperturbatively, and find that such order vanishes above a critical value of the exchange coupling that depends strongly on the lattice spacing. The critical coupling tends to zero as the lattice spacing becomes commensurate with the Fermi wave vector, signaling the breakdown of the perturbative Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida picture, and spiral order, even at weak coupling. We provide the exact phase diagram for arbitrary exchange coupling and lattice spacing, and discuss its stability. Our results shed new light on the problem of utilizing a spiral spin-lattice state to drive a one-dimensional superconductor into a topological phase. PMID:26197005
Jung, Yousung; Lochan, Rohini C.; Dutoi, Anthony D.; Head-Gordon, Martin
2004-08-02
A simplified approach to treating the electron correlation energy is suggested in which only the alpha-beta component of the second order Moller-Plesset energy is evaluated, and then scaled by an empirical factor which is suggested to be 1.3. This scaled opposite spin second order energy (SOS-MP2) yields results for relative energies and derivative properties that are statistically improved over the conventional MP2 method. Furthermore, the SOS-MP2 energy can be evaluated without the 5th order computational steps associated with MP2 theory, even without exploiting any spatial locality. A 4th order algorithm is given for evaluating the opposite spin MP2 energy using auxiliary basis expansions, and a Laplace approach, and timing comparisons are given.
Spin-Lattice Order in One-Dimensional Conductors: Beyond the RKKY Effect
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Schecter, Michael; Rudner, Mark S.; Flensberg, Karsten
2015-06-01
We investigate magnetic order in a lattice of classical spins coupled to an isotropic gas of one-dimensional conduction electrons via local exchange interactions. The frequently discussed Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida effective exchange model for this system predicts that spiral order is always preferred. Here we consider the problem nonperturbatively, and find that such order vanishes above a critical value of the exchange coupling that depends strongly on the lattice spacing. The critical coupling tends to zero as the lattice spacing becomes commensurate with the Fermi wave vector, signaling the breakdown of the perturbative Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida picture, and spiral order, even at weak coupling. We provide the exact phase diagram for arbitrary exchange coupling and lattice spacing, and discuss its stability. Our results shed new light on the problem of utilizing a spiral spin-lattice state to drive a one-dimensional superconductor into a topological phase.
Second order non-linear equations of motion for spinning highly flexible line elements
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Salama, M.; Trubert, M.; Essawi, M.; Utku, S.
1982-01-01
The second order nonlinear equations of motion are formulated for spinning line elements having little or no intrinsic structural stiffness. The derivation is based on the extended Hamilton's principle and includes the effect of initial geometric imperfections (axial, curvature, and twist) on the line element dynamics. For comparison with previous work, the nonlinear equations are reduced to a linearized form frequently found in the literature. The comparison revealed several new spin-stiffening terms that have not been previously identified and/or retained. They combine geometric imperfections, rotary inertia, Coriolis, and gyroscopic terms.
Magnetic order and spin excitations in the Kitaev-Heisenberg model on a honeycomb lattice
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Vladimirov, A. A.; Ihle, D.; Plakida, N. M.
2016-06-01
We consider the quasi-two-dimensional pseudo-spin-1/2 Kitaev-Heisenberg model proposed for A2IrO3 (A = Li, Na) compounds. The spin-wave excitation spectrum, the sublattice magnetization, and the transition temperatures are calculated in the random phase approximation for four different ordered phases observed in the parameter space of the model: antiferromagnetic, stripe, ferromagnetic, and zigzag phases. The Néel temperature and temperature dependence of the sublattice magnetization are compared with the experimental data on Na2IrO3.
Topological frustration in graphene nanoflakes: magnetic order and spin logic devices.
Wang, Wei L; Yazyev, Oleg V; Meng, Sheng; Kaxiras, Efthimios
2009-04-17
Magnetic order in graphene-related structures can arise from size effects or from topological frustration. We introduce a rigorous classification scheme for the types of finite graphene structures (nanoflakes) which lead to large net spin or to antiferromagnetic coupling between groups of electron spins. Based on this scheme, we propose specific examples of structures that can serve as the fundamental (NOR and NAND) logic gates for the design of high-density ultrafast spintronic devices. We demonstrate, using ab initio electronic structure calculations, that these gates can in principle operate at room temperature with very low and correctable error rates. PMID:19518670
First-order melting of a weak spin-orbit mott insulator into a correlated metal
Hogan, Tom; Yamani, Z.; Walkup, D.; Chen, Xiang; Dally, Rebecca; Ward, Thomas Zac; Dean, M. P. M.; Hill, John P.; Islam, Z.; Madhavan, Vidya; et al
2015-06-25
Herein, the electronic phase diagram of the weak spin-orbit Mott insulator (Sr1-xLax)3Ir2O7 is determined via an exhaustive experimental study. Upon doping electrons via La substitution, an immediate collapse in resistivity occurs along with a narrow regime of nanoscale phase separation comprised of antiferromagnetic, insulating regions and paramagnetic, metallic puddles persisting until x≈0.04. Continued electron doping results in an abrupt, first-order phase boundary where the Néel state is suppressed and a homogenous, correlated, metallic state appears with an enhanced spin susceptibility and local moments. In conclusion, as the metallic state is stabilized, a weak structural distortion develops and suggests a competingmore » instability with the parent spin-orbit Mott state.« less
First-order melting of a weak spin-orbit mott insulator into a correlated metal
Hogan, Tom; Yamani, Z.; Walkup, D.; Chen, Xiang; Dally, Rebecca; Ward, Thomas Zac; Dean, M. P. M.; Hill, John P.; Islam, Z.; Madhavan, Vidya; Wilson, Stephen D.
2015-06-25
Herein, the electronic phase diagram of the weak spin-orbit Mott insulator (Sr_{1-x}La_{x})_{3}Ir_{2}O_{7} is determined via an exhaustive experimental study. Upon doping electrons via La substitution, an immediate collapse in resistivity occurs along with a narrow regime of nanoscale phase separation comprised of antiferromagnetic, insulating regions and paramagnetic, metallic puddles persisting until x≈0.04. Continued electron doping results in an abrupt, first-order phase boundary where the Néel state is suppressed and a homogenous, correlated, metallic state appears with an enhanced spin susceptibility and local moments. In conclusion, as the metallic state is stabilized, a weak structural distortion develops and suggests a competing instability with the parent spin-orbit Mott state.
First-Order Melting of a Weak Spin-Orbit Mott Insulator into a Correlated Metal
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hogan, Tom; Yamani, Z.; Walkup, D.; Chen, Xiang; Dally, Rebecca; Ward, Thomas Z.; Dean, M. P. M.; Hill, John; Islam, Z.; Madhavan, Vidya; Wilson, Stephen D.
2015-06-01
The electronic phase diagram of the weak spin-orbit Mott insulator (Sr1 -xLax)3Ir2O7 is determined via an exhaustive experimental study. Upon doping electrons via La substitution, an immediate collapse in resistivity occurs along with a narrow regime of nanoscale phase separation comprised of antiferromagnetic, insulating regions and paramagnetic, metallic puddles persisting until x ≈0.04 . Continued electron doping results in an abrupt, first-order phase boundary where the Néel state is suppressed and a homogenous, correlated, metallic state appears with an enhanced spin susceptibility and local moments. As the metallic state is stabilized, a weak structural distortion develops and suggests a competing instability with the parent spin-orbit Mott state.
First-Order Melting of a Weak Spin-Orbit Mott Insulator into a Correlated Metal.
Hogan, Tom; Yamani, Z; Walkup, D; Chen, Xiang; Dally, Rebecca; Ward, Thomas Z; Dean, M P M; Hill, John; Islam, Z; Madhavan, Vidya; Wilson, Stephen D
2015-06-26
The electronic phase diagram of the weak spin-orbit Mott insulator (Sr(1-x)La(x))(3)Ir(2)O(7) is determined via an exhaustive experimental study. Upon doping electrons via La substitution, an immediate collapse in resistivity occurs along with a narrow regime of nanoscale phase separation comprised of antiferromagnetic, insulating regions and paramagnetic, metallic puddles persisting until x≈0.04. Continued electron doping results in an abrupt, first-order phase boundary where the Néel state is suppressed and a homogenous, correlated, metallic state appears with an enhanced spin susceptibility and local moments. As the metallic state is stabilized, a weak structural distortion develops and suggests a competing instability with the parent spin-orbit Mott state. PMID:26197142
The Search for Magnetic Order in delta-Pu metal using muon spin relaxation
Heffner, R; Ohishi, K; Fluss, M; Morris, G; MacLaughlin, D; Shu, L; Chung, B; McCall, S; Bauer, E; Sarrao, J; Ito, T; Higemoto, W
2006-10-16
We review results from previous muon spin relaxation ({mu}SR) measurements in applied fields of H{sub 0} = 0 and 0.25 T which established an upper limit for the ordered or disordered frozen spin moment above T = 4 K in {delta}-Pu (4.3 at. % Ga) of {micro}{sub ord} {le} 10{sup -3} {mu}{sub B}. In addition, we present new data in H{sub 0} = 0.25 T and 2 T applied field on a highly annealed {delta}-Pu (4.3 at. % Ga) sample. Neither the muon Knight shift (H{sub 0} = 2 T) nor the inhomogeneous linewidths in the new sample show appreciable temperature dependence below about T = 60 K, also consistent with no spin freezing. Recent theoretical arguments advanced to explain these results are mentioned.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Brown, William J.; Vincent, Richard C.
1995-01-01
Analyzes government and print media portrayals of the Reagan administration's policy during Irangate. Finds that the print media continued to fulfill its "watchdog" function by providing critical portrayals of United States policy despite the Reagan administration's attempt to "spin" its own version of Irangate. Examines the Tower Commission…
Spin-charge order and excitonic effects in sawtooth-like graphene nanoribbons
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wu, Sha; Lu, Wengang; Qi, Jingshan
2016-09-01
In this paper we systematically study electronic structures and excitonic effects in one type of the sawtooth-like graphene nanoribbons. A main feature is that the local magnetism is developed for the certain width and changes with the increase of width. A variety of magnetic orders root in the competition of the short range interaction between the same spin-electrons and long range exchange interaction between opposite spin-electrons. For excitonic effects, the binding energy of degenerate spin-triplets T1 and T-1 is higher than that of T0 for all studied nanoribbons and is size dependent. We reveal the underlying physical mechanism from the charge distributions of excitons and its correlation with the spin-resolved charge density distributions in the ground state. We find that the electrons and holes in degenerate spin-triplets T1 and T-1 are closer together and thus the interaction between them is more strong, while the distribution of electrons and holes is relatively more disperse for T0, indicating the weaker interaction. We hope that these interesting results are able to be detected in the experiment and these multi-performance samples are better utilized in future device applications.
Spin-lattice dynamics simulation of external field effect on magnetic order of ferromagnetic iron
Chui, C. P.; Zhou, Yan
2014-03-15
Modeling of field-induced magnetization in ferromagnetic materials has been an active topic in the last dozen years, yet a dynamic treatment of distance-dependent exchange integral has been lacking. In view of that, we employ spin-lattice dynamics (SLD) simulations to study the external field effect on magnetic order of ferromagnetic iron. Our results show that an external field can increase the inflection point of the temperature. Also the model provides a better description of the effect of spin correlation in response to an external field than the mean-field theory. An external field has a more prominent effect on the long range magnetic order than on the short range counterpart. Furthermore, an external field allows the magnon dispersion curves and the uniform precession modes to exhibit magnetic order variation from their temperature dependence.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ritter, C.; Ivanov, S. A.; Bazuev, G. V.; Fauth, F.
2016-02-01
The thermal evolution of structural and magnetic details of the orthovanadate TmV O3 , studied in detail by neutron and synchrotron powder diffraction, is reported. Crystallizing in space group Pnma at room temperature, TmV O3 undergoes a first structural phase transition to P 21/a at TOO=180 K , where a G -type orbital ordered state develops. At TS=75 K , a change back to Pnma occurs, and the establishment of C -type orbital order takes place. The V3 + ions order antiferromagnetically with a magnetic propagation vector k =0 below TN 1=105 K , while the T m3 + sublattice orders at TN 2=20 K following the same propagation vector. Between TN 1 and TS, a coexistence of G -type (P 21/a ) and C -type (Pnma) orbital ordered states exists. The P 21/a phase is magnetically separated into two fractions, which adopt a CxCy0 and Gx00 coupling, respectively, while the Pnma volume fraction follows a 0 Gy0 magnetic structure. At TN 2, the appearance of the Tm sublattice magnetization (0 Cy0 ) leads to a spin flop transition of the V sublattice from 0 Gy0 to Gx00 . The results are presented and analyzed in the general context of the series of R V O3 compounds, and they are used to discuss recent magnetization results.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Uemura, Y. J.; Kossler, W. J.; Yu, X. H.; Schone, H. E.; Kempton, J. R.; Stronach, C. E.; Barth, S.; Gygax, F. N.; Hitti, B.; Schenck, A.
1988-01-01
Zero- and longitudinal-field muon spin relaxation measurements on a heavy fermion system CeCu2.1 Si2 have revealed an onset of static magnetic ordering below T(M) approximately 0.8 K, which coexists with superconductivity below T(c) = 0.7 K. The line shapes of the observed muon spin depolarization functions suggest an ordering in either spin glass or incommensurate spin-density-wave state, with a small averaged static moment of the order of 0.1 micro-B per formula unit at T approaches 0.
Mixed-order phase transition in a minimal, diffusion-based spin model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fronczak, Agata; Fronczak, Piotr
2016-07-01
In this paper we exactly solve, within the grand canonical ensemble, a minimal spin model with the hybrid phase transition. We call the model diffusion based because its Hamiltonian can be recovered from a simple dynamic procedure, which can be seen as an equilibrium statistical mechanics representation of a biased random walk. We outline the derivation of the phase diagram of the model, in which the triple point has the hallmarks of the hybrid transition: discontinuity in the average magnetization and algebraically diverging susceptibilities. At this point, two second-order transition curves meet in equilibrium with the first-order curve, resulting in a prototypical mixed-order behavior.
Mixed-order phase transition in a minimal, diffusion-based spin model.
Fronczak, Agata; Fronczak, Piotr
2016-07-01
In this paper we exactly solve, within the grand canonical ensemble, a minimal spin model with the hybrid phase transition. We call the model diffusion based because its Hamiltonian can be recovered from a simple dynamic procedure, which can be seen as an equilibrium statistical mechanics representation of a biased random walk. We outline the derivation of the phase diagram of the model, in which the triple point has the hallmarks of the hybrid transition: discontinuity in the average magnetization and algebraically diverging susceptibilities. At this point, two second-order transition curves meet in equilibrium with the first-order curve, resulting in a prototypical mixed-order behavior. PMID:27575073
Spin and orbital orderings behind multiferroicity in delafossite and related compounds.
Terada, Noriki
2014-11-12
Coupling between noncollinear magnetic ordering and ferroelectricicty in magnetoelectric multiferroics has been extensively studied in the last decade. Delafossite family compounds with triangular lattice structure provide a great opportunity to study the coupling between spin and electric dipole in multiferroics due to the variety of magnetic phases with different symmetry. This review introduces the magnetic and ferroelectric phase transitions in delafossite ferrites, CuFe(1-x)X(x)O(2) (X = Al, Ga), AgFeO(2) and the related compound α-NaFeO(2). In CuFeO(2), the ferroelectric phase appears under a magnetic field or chemical substitution. The proper screw magnetic ordering with the magnetic point group 21', which has been determined by detailed analysis in neutron diffraction experiments, induces the ferroelectric polarization along the monoclinic b axis in CuFeO2. The cycloidal magnetic orderings are realized in AgFeO(2) and α-NaFeO(2), which are of the point group m1' allowing polarization in the ac plane. The emergence of ferroelectric polarization can be explained by both the extended inverse Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya effect and the d − p hybridization mechanism. These mechanisms are supported by experimental evidence in CuFe(1-x)Ga(x)O2. The polarized neutron diffraction experiment demonstrated one-to-one correspondence between ferroelectric polarization and spin helicity, S(i) × S(j). The incommensurate orbital ordering with 2 Q wave vector, observed by the soft x-ray resonant diffraction experiment, proved that the spin-orbit interaction ties spin and orbital orders to each other, playing a crucial role for the emergence of ferroelectricity in CuFe(1-x)Ga(x)O2. PMID:25336518
Absence of Magnetic Order and Persistent Spin Dynamics in Tb2Ge2O7
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hallas, Alannah; Arevalo-Lopez, Angel; Wilson, Murray; Liu, Lian; Attfield, J. Paul; Uemura, Yasutomo; Wiebe, Chris; Luke, Graeme
2015-03-01
The terbium pyrochlores exhibit many unique magnetic properties, which has generated significant interest in this family of frustrated materials. A candidate spin liquid, Tb2Ti2O7 fails to magnetically order, despite strong antiferromagnetic correlations. The application of external pressure has been found to produce partial antiferromagnetic order in Tb2Ti2O7. Recently, we synthesized a new member of this family, Tb2Ge2O7. Due to the large ionic radii decrease from titanium to germanium, Tb2Ge2O7 can be considered a chemical pressure analog of Tb2Ti2O7. However, neutron scattering measurements revealed an absence of magnetic order in Tb2Ge2O7 down to 20 mK and dominant ferromagnetic correlations. Now, we have investigated the low temperature magnetism of Tb2Ge2O7 with muon spin rotation. Our zero field μSR measurements confirm an absence of static order in Tb2Ge2O7. We find a sharp increase in magnetic correlations below 10 K and persistent spin dynamics down to 25 mK. Our longitudinal field μSR measurements on Tb2Ge2O7 at 25 mK are consistent with a system of fluctuating moments, with a fluctuation rate of 11 MHz. This fluctuation rate is nearly temperature independent below 2.5 K.
43 CFR 3250.13 - What additional BLM orders or instructions govern exploration?
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-10-01
... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false What additional BLM orders or instructions govern exploration? 3250.13 Section 3250.13 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) GEOTHERMAL RESOURCE LEASING...
48 CFR 252.251-7000 - Ordering from Government supply sources.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-10-01
... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Ordering from Government supply sources. 252.251-7000 Section 252.251-7000 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND...
Orbital Ordering and Spin-Ladder Formation in La2RuO5
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Eyert, V.; Ebbinghaus, S. G.; Kopp, T.
2006-06-01
The semiconductor-semiconductor transition of La2RuO5 is studied by means of augmented spherical wave electronic structure calculations as based on density-functional theory and the local density approximation. This transition has lately been reported to lead to orbital ordering and a quenching of the local spin magnetic moment. Our results hint towards an orbital ordering scenario which, markedly different from the previously proposed scheme, preserves the local S=1 moment at the Ru sites in the low-temperature phase. The unusual magnetic behavior is interpreted by the formation of spin ladders, which result from the structural changes occurring at the transition and are characterized by antiferromagnetic coupling along the rungs.
Second-order Peierls transition in the spin-orbital Kumar-Heisenberg model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Brzezicki, Wojciech; Hagymási, Imre; Dziarmaga, Jacek; Legeza, Örs
2015-05-01
We add a Heisenberg interaction term ∝λ in the one-dimensional SU(2 )⊗XY spin-orbital model introduced by Kumar. At λ =0 the spin and orbital degrees of freedom can be separated by a unitary transformation leading to an exact solution of the model. We show that a finite λ >0 leads to spontaneous dimerization of the system which in the thermodynamic limit becomes a smooth phase transition at λ →0 , whereas it remains discontinuous within the first-order perturbation approach. We present the behavior of the entanglement entropy, energy gap, and dimerization order parameter in the limit of λ →0 confirming the critical behavior. Finally, we show the evidence of another phase transition in the Heisenberg limit, λ →∞ , and give a qualitative analytical explanation of the observed dimerized states both in the limit of small and large λ .
Strong coupling critique of spin fluctuation driven charge order in underdoped cuprates
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mishra, Vivek; Norman, M. R.
2015-08-01
Charge order has emerged as a generic feature of doped cuprates, leading to important questions about its origin and its relation to superconductivity. Recent experiments on two classes of hole doped cuprates indicate a novel d -wave symmetry for the order. These were motivated by earlier spin fluctuation theoretical studies based on an expansion about hot spots in the Brillouin zone that indicated such an order would be competitive with d -wave superconductivity. Here, we reexamine this problem by solving strong coupling equations in the full Brillouin zone for experimentally relevant parameters. We find that bond-oriented order, as seen experimentally, is strongly suppressed. We also include coupling to B1 g phonons and do not see any qualitative change. Our results argue against an itinerant model for the charge order, implying instead that such order is likely due to Coulombic phase separation of the doped holes.
Bordbar, G. H.; Bigdeli, M.
2008-01-15
In this paper, we calculate properties of the spin polarized asymmetrical nuclear matter and neutron star matter, using the lowest order constrained variational (LOCV) method with the AV{sub 18}, Reid93, UV{sub 14}, and AV{sub 14} potentials. According to our results, the spontaneous phase transition to a ferromagnetic state in the asymmetrical nuclear matter as well as neutron star matter do not occur.
Probing the antiferromagnetic long-range order with Glauber spin states
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Cabrera, Guillermo G.
1994-01-01
It is well known that the ground state of low-dimensional antiferromagnets deviates from Neel states due to strong quantum fluctuations. Even in the presence of long-range order, those fluctuations produce a substantial reduction of the magnetic moment from its saturation value. Numerical simulations in anisotropic antiferromagnetic chains suggest that quantum fluctuations over Neel order appear in the form of localized reversal of pairs of neighboring spins. In this paper, we propose a coherent state representation for the ground state to describe the above situation. In the one-dimensional case, our wave function corresponds to a two-mode Glauber state, when the Neel state is used as a reference, while the boson fields are associated to coherent flip of spin pairs. The coherence manifests itself through the antiferromagnetic long-range order that survives the action of quantum fluctuations. The present representation is different from the standard zero-point spin wave state, and is asymptotically exact in the limit of strong anisotropy. The fermionic version of the theory, obtained through the Jordan-Wigner transformation, is also investigated.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Academe, 1989
1989-01-01
Over the last 75 years the AAUP has made progress in specifying its standards of governance and in reconciling traditional governance with collective bargaining. Excerpts from the "Joint Statement on Government of Colleges and Universities" and the "Statement on Academic Government for Institutions Engaged in Collective Bargaining" are presented.…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Huang, Cheng-Yi; Tsai, Wei-Feng; Wang, Yung Jui; Lin, Hsin; Bansil, Arun
2014-03-01
We discuss spin reorientation phenomena, which may or may not yield gap formation, on the surface of topological crystalline insulators Pb1-xSnx(Te, Se) under various applied strains. The low-energy surface electrons on the (001) surface behave like massless Dirac particles with four Dirac points centered along the intersection of the mirror (xz or yz) plane and the surface plane. We use a four-band k.p model, which captures the spin and orbital texture of the surface states around surface X (or Y) point up to the energy around the Lifshitz transition, and systematically study effects of the applied strain. In contrast to the case without any strain, where the absence of the out-of-the-plane spin component is guaranteed by both the mirror and the time-reversal symmetries, we find that without time-reversal symmetry breaking, the hedgehog-like spin textures associated with a gap formation can be induced by the strain only, breaking the xz mirror symmetry. The other cases cannot induce a gap at Dirac points. We also investigate interaction-driven competing orders under the strain and obtain a phase diagram at the mean-field level to reveal the possible novel surface states in the system.
Spin exciton formation inside the hidden order phase of CeB6.
Akbari, Alireza; Thalmeier, Peter
2012-04-01
The heavy fermion metal CeB(6) exhibits a hidden order of the antiferroquadrupolar (AFQ) type below T(Q)=3.2 K and a subsequent antiferromagnetic (AFM) order at T(N)=2.3 K. It was interpreted as an ordering of the quadrupole and dipole moments of a Γ(8) quartet of localized Ce 4f(1) electrons. This established picture has been profoundly shaken by recent inelastic neutron scattering (G. Friemel et al., arXiv:1111.4151) that found the evolution of a feedback spin exciton resonance within the hidden order phase at the AFQ wave vector which is stabilized by the AFM order. We develop an alternative theory based on a fourfold degenerate Anderson lattice model, including both order parameters as particle-hole condensates of itinerant heavy quasiparticles. This explains in a natural way the appearance of the spin exciton resonance and the momentum dependence of its spectral weight, in particular, around the AFQ vector and its rapid disappearance in the disordered phase. Analogies to the feedback effect in unconventional heavy fermion superconductors are pointed out. PMID:22540812
Suppression of charge and spin order in confined NdNiO3 layers
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Disa, Ankit; Kumah, Divine; Malashevich, Andrei; Ismail-Beigi, Sohrab; Walker, Fred; Ahn, Charles
Atomic-layer synthesis allows one to study and control the complex phase behavior correlated systems by controllably modifying dimensionality and interfacial constraints. To this end, the rare-earth nickelates (RNiO3) embody a remarkable model system, as exhibited by the bulk metal-insulator and paramagnetic-antiferromagnetic ordering transitions, which are sensitive to structural and electronic conditions. We present evidence from transport, x-ray absorption, and resonant x-ray scattering measurements of NdNiO3/NdAlO3 superlattices of a suppression of charge and spin order induced by interfacial confinement. We find that the spectroscopic signatures of charge localization and antiferromagnetic ordering remain for NdNiO3 layers thicker than a single unit cell. The disappearance of ground state order in single NdNiO3 layers is attributed to enhanced eg orbital polarization from the interaction with the NdAlO3 confining layers. We also observe a crossover region of thickness with no metal-insulator transition but distinct charge and spin ordering temperatures. These findings shed light on the interplay between competing ground states in nickelates and help guide efforts to controlling long-range order in such systems.
A Self-Averaging ``Order Parameter'' for the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick Spin Glass Model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wreszinski, Walter F.; Bolina, Oscar
2004-09-01
Following an idea of van Enter and Griffiths, we define a self-averaging parameter for the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick (SK) spin glass which is a self-averaging version of the order parameter introduced by Aizenman, Lebowitz and Ruelle. It is strictly positive at low temperature and zero at sufficiently high temperature. The proof is based on the recent construction of the thermodynamic limit of the free energy by Guerra and Toninelli. We also discuss how our definition compares with various existing definitions of order-parameter like quantities.
Magnetic Order in the Mixed-Spin Triangular Lattice Antiferromagnet NaxMnO2
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chisnell, Robin; Parshall, Dan; Li, Xin; Larson, Amber; Suzuki, Takehito; Checkelsky, Joseph; Rodriguez, Efrain; Lynn, Jeffrey
NaxTMO2 (TM = transition metal) materials consist of alternating layers of Na and TM ions with the TM ions arranged on a geometrically frustrated triangular lattice. Na can be easily and reversibly removed from these materials, making them of interest for application in rechargeable batteries and allowing for exploration of their rich phase diagrams as a function of Na concentration. Na ordering is an important factor in ground state selection, and is driven by electrostatic interactions in many NaxTMO2 systems. The TM = Mn series differs in that Na ordering is driven by a cooperative Jahn-Teller effect, due to the coexistence of Jahn-Teller active Mn3+ and inactive Mn4+ ions. This effect also results in an ordered arrangement of the Mn3+ and Mn4+ ions, and thus of spin-2 and spin-3/2 moments. For x = 5/8, we have recently shown the coexistence of charge and magnetic stripe orderings. Here, we present the results of neutron diffraction measurements performed on single crystal samples of NaxMnO2 and discuss the details of the magnetic structure in the magnetically ordered phase.
Spin and orbital ordering in Y1-xLaxVO₃
Yan, J.-Q.; Zhou, J.-S.; Cheng, J. G.; Goodenough, J. B.; Ren, Y.; Llobet, A.; McQueeney, R. J.
2011-12-02
The spin and orbital ordering in Y1-xLaxVO₃ (0.30 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) has been studied to map out the phase diagram over the whole doping range 0 ≤ x ≤ 1. The phase diagram is compared with that for RVO₃ (R = rare earth or Y) perovskites without A-site variance. For x > 0.20, no long-range orbital ordering was observed above the magnetic ordering temperature TN; the magnetic order is accompanied by a lattice anomaly at a Tt ≤ TN as in LaVO₃. The magnetic ordering below Tt ≤ TN is G type in the compositional range 0.20 ≤ xmore » ≤ 0.40 and C type in the range 0.738 ≤ x ≤ 1.0. Magnetization and neutron powder diffraction measurements point to the coexistence below TN of the two magnetic phases in the compositional range 0.4 < x < 0.738. Samples in the compositional range 0.20 < x ≤ 1.0 are characterized by an additional suppression of a glasslike thermal conductivity in the temperature interval TN < T < T* and a change in the slope of 1/χ(T). We argue that T* represents a temperature below which spin and orbital fluctuations couple together via λL∙S.« less
Thermalization, Charge Ordering, and other Recent Developments in Artificial Spin Ice
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Schiffer, Peter
2015-03-01
Artificial spin ice consists of arrays of lithographically fabricated single-domain ferromagnetic elements, arranged in different geometries such that the magnetostatic interactions between the moments are frustrated. Magnetic force microscopy imaging of these arrays allows us to study the accommodation of frustration through the local correlations between the moments as a function of both the strength of the interactions and the geometry of the frustration. The interactions can be closely mapped onto those of the ``spin ice'' materials, and allow a detailed analysis of the local correlations and monopole-like excitations. We have probed a number of different lattice geometries and find both local ordering and disordered states that match classic models for frustrated spin systems. Our recent work has focused on thermalization of these arrays as well as investigation of lattice geometries that are unavailable in natural systems and are specifically designed to exhibit unusual behavior associated with frustration, e.g., the shakti lattice. Thermalization reveals ordering both of the moments and of the effective magnetic charges that characterize correlated many-body dynamics in these systems. Other recent work has involved studies of return point memory as well as measurements of electrical transport in these systems. This work was primarily funded by the US Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division under Grant No. DE-SC0010778.
Guo, Y. M.; Ruan, M. Y.; Cheng, J. J.; Sun, Y. C.; Ouyang, Z. W. Xia, Z. C.; Rao, G. H.
2015-06-14
High-field electron spin resonance (ESR) has been employed to study the antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering state (T < T{sub N} = 55 K) of spin-chain multiferroic Gd{sub 2}BaNiO{sub 5}. The spin reorientation at T{sub SR} = 24 K is well characterized by the temperature-dependent ESR spectra. The magnetization data evidence a field-induced spin-flop transition at 2 K. The frequency-field relationship of the ESR data can be explained by conventional AFM resonance theory with uniaxial anisotropy, in good agreement with magnetization data. Related discussion on zero-field spin gap is presented.
Confinement transition to density wave order in metallic doped spin liquids
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Patel, Aavishkar A.; Chowdhury, Debanjan; Allais, Andrea; Sachdev, Subir
2016-04-01
Insulating quantum spin liquids can undergo a confinement transition to a valence bond solid via the condensation of topological excitations of the associated gauge theory. We extend the theory of such transitions to fractionalized Fermi liquids (FL*): These are metallic doped spin liquids in which the Fermi surfaces only have gauge neutral quasiparticles. Using insights from a duality transform on a doped quantum dimer model for the U(1)-FL* state, we show that projective symmetry group of the theory of the topological excitations remains unmodified, but the Fermi surfaces can lead to additional frustrating interactions. We propose a theory for the confinement transition of Z2-FL* states via the condensation of visons. A variety of confining, incommensurate density wave states are possible, including some that are similar to the incommensurate d -form factor density wave order observed in several recent experiments on the cuprate superconductors.
Thermodynamic studies at the charge-ordering and spin-Peierls transitions in (TMTTF)2X
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
de Souza, Mariano; Brühl, Andreas; Müller, Jens; Foury-Leylekian, Pascale; Moradpour, Alec; Pouget, Jean-Paul; Lang, Michael
2009-03-01
We report results of high-resolution thermal expansion measurements on the charge-ordering (TCO) and spin-Peierls (TSP) transition in (TMTTF)2X for X=AsF6 and PF6. Based on distinct lattice effects observed at TCO in the c*-axis expansivity, a scheme is proposed which involves a charge modulation along the TMTTF stacks and its coupling to displacements of the anions. It is also the c*-axis expansivity which is most strongly affected by the transition at TSP. The combination of expansivity and specific heat results for the X=AsF6 salt enables us to separate for both quantities the contribution associated with the spin-Peierls transition from the ordinary lattice effects and to provide a thermodynamic determination of the uniaxial-pressure dependence of TSP.
Spin Ferroquadrupolar Order in the Nematic Phase of FeSe
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wang, Zhentao; Hu, Wen-Jun; Nevidomskyy, Andriy H.
2016-06-01
We provide evidence that spin ferroquadrupolar (FQ) order is the likely ground state in the nonmagnetic nematic phase of stoichiometric FeSe. By studying the variational mean-field phase diagram of a bilinear-biquadratic Heisenberg model up to the 2nd nearest neighbor, we find the FQ phase in close proximity to the columnar antiferromagnet commonly realized in iron-based superconductors; the stability of the FQ phase is further verified by the density matrix renormalization group. The dynamical spin structure factor in the FQ state is calculated with flavor-wave theory, which yields a qualitatively consistent result with inelastic neutron scattering experiments on FeSe at both low and high energies. We verify that FQ can coexist with C4 breaking environments in the mean-field calculation, and further discuss the possibility that quantum fluctuations in FQ act as a source of nematicity.
Spin Ferroquadrupolar Order in the Nematic Phase of FeSe.
Wang, Zhentao; Hu, Wen-Jun; Nevidomskyy, Andriy H
2016-06-17
We provide evidence that spin ferroquadrupolar (FQ) order is the likely ground state in the nonmagnetic nematic phase of stoichiometric FeSe. By studying the variational mean-field phase diagram of a bilinear-biquadratic Heisenberg model up to the 2nd nearest neighbor, we find the FQ phase in close proximity to the columnar antiferromagnet commonly realized in iron-based superconductors; the stability of the FQ phase is further verified by the density matrix renormalization group. The dynamical spin structure factor in the FQ state is calculated with flavor-wave theory, which yields a qualitatively consistent result with inelastic neutron scattering experiments on FeSe at both low and high energies. We verify that FQ can coexist with C_{4} breaking environments in the mean-field calculation, and further discuss the possibility that quantum fluctuations in FQ act as a source of nematicity. PMID:27367404
Analytical high-order post-Newtonian expansions for spinning extreme mass ratio binaries
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kavanagh, Chris; Ottewill, Adrian C.; Wardell, Barry
2016-06-01
We present an analytic computation of Detweiler's redshift invariant for a point mass in a circular orbit around a Kerr black hole, giving results up to 8.5 post-Newtonian order while making no assumptions on the magnitude of the spin of the black hole. Our calculation is based on the functional series method of Mano, Suzuki and Takasugi, and employs a rigorous mode-sum regularization prescription based on the Detweiler-Whiting singular-regular decomposition. The approximations used in our approach are minimal; we use the standard self-force expansion to linear order in the mass ratio, and the standard post-Newtonian expansion in the separation of the binary. A key advantage of this approach is that it produces expressions that include contributions at all orders in the spin of the Kerr black hole. While this work applies the method to the specific case of Detweiler's redshift invariant, it can be readily extended to other gauge-invariant quantities and to higher post-Newtonian orders.
Effect of random field disorder on the first order transition in p-spin interaction model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sumedha; Singh, Sushant K.
2016-01-01
We study the random field p-spin model with Ising spins on a fully connected graph using the theory of large deviations in this paper. This is a good model to study the effect of quenched random field on systems which have a sharp first order transition in the pure state. For p = 2, the phase-diagram of the model, for bimodal distribution of the random field, has been well studied and is known to undergo a continuous transition for lower values of the random field (h) and a first order transition beyond a threshold, htp(≈ 0.439) . We find the phase diagram of the model, for all p ≥ 2, with bimodal random field distribution, using large deviation techniques. We also look at the fluctuations in the system by calculating the magnetic susceptibility. For p = 2, beyond the tricritical point in the regime of first order transition, we find that for htp < h < 0.447, magnetic susceptibility increases rapidly (even though it never diverges) as one approaches the transition from the high temperature side. On the other hand, for 0.447 < h ≤ 0.5, the high temperature behaviour is well described by the Curie-Weiss law. For all p ≥ 2, we find that for larger magnitudes of the random field (h >ho = 1 / p!), the system does not show ferromagnetic order even at zero temperature. We find that the magnetic susceptibility for p ≥ 3 is discontinuous at the transition point for h
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Negi, D. S.; Loukya, B.; Datta, R.
2015-12-01
We report on the observation of Co vacancy (VCo) induced charge ordering and ferromagnetism in CoO epitaxial thin film. The ordering is associated with the coexistence of commensurate, incommensurate, and discommensurate electronic phases. Density functional theory calculation indicates the origin of ordering in Co atoms undergoing high spin to low spin transition immediately surrounding the VCo(16.6 at. %). Electron magnetic chiral dichroism experiment confirms the ferromagnetic signal at uncompensated Co spins. Such a native defects induced coexistence of different electronic phases at room temperature in a simple compound CoO is unique and adds to the richness of the field with the possibility of practical device application.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gong, Shoushu; Zhu, Wei; Balents, Leon; Sheng, Dongning
2015-03-01
We studied the extended spin- 1 / 2 kagome model with the first neighbor (J1), the second (J2) and third neighbor (J3) couplings using density matrix renormalization group. We established a quantum phase diagram for 0 <= J 2 <= 0 . 25J1 and 0 <=J3 <=J1 , where we find a q = (0 , 0) Neel phase, a chiral spin liquid (CSL), a cuboc1 phase that breaks both time-reversal and spin rotational symmetries, and a valence-bond solid at the neighbor of the Heisenberg model, where a possible Z2 spin liquid has been previously identified. Interestingly, the classical cuboc1 phase could survive in the spin- 1 / 2 system with strong quantum fluctuations, and the CSL emerges between the q = (0 , 0) and the cuboc1 phases. We discover that the CSL has the short spin correlation pattern consistent with the cuboc1 phase, but the chiral order structure is totally different. The CSL might be understood as a result of the competitions between the q = (0 , 0) and the cuboc1 phases in the presence of strong quantum fluctuations. We further studied the quantum phase transitions from the CSL to the magnetically ordered phases, and to the possible Z2 spin liquid of the Heisenberg kagome model. Interestingly, the exotic continuous topological phase transition might be realized in the system.
Porto, Rafael A.; Ross, Andreas; Rothstein, Ira Z. E-mail: andreasr@andrew.cmu.edu
2012-09-01
Using the NRGR effective field theory formalism we calculate the remaining source multipole moments necessary to obtain the spin contributions to the gravitational wave amplitude to 2.5 Post-Newtonian (PN) order. We also reproduce the tail contribution to the waveform linear in spin at 2.5PN arising from the nonlinear interaction between the current quadrupole and the mass monopole.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sarkar, Tapati; Ivanov, Sergey A.; Bazuev, G. V.; Nordblad, Per; Mathieu, Roland
2016-07-01
Synthesis, crystal structure and magnetization measurements of phase pure polycrystalline RVO3 (R=Lu, Yb and Tm) are reported. The compounds were stabilized in the orthorhombic structure by thermal treatment of the respective precursors (RVO4) in a reducing atmosphere. Special pressure treatment was carried out during the synthesis to ensure phase pure samples without secondary phases. Magnetization measurements reveal the presence of two spin ordering temperatures in the samples. Interestingly, at the lower spin ordering temperature, TSO2, the uncompensated excess moment of the antiferromagnetic spin structure has different field dependences above and below TSO2, causing a jump in the thermal evolution of the magnetization that changes sign with increasing field strength. This jump is associated with the reported magnetic and orbital rearrangement in the samples, and the different spin configurations in the C- and G-type antiferromagnetic structures.
Pulsed NMR in the nuclear spin ordered phases of solid 3He in a silver sinter
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Millan-Chacartegui, Carmen; Schuberth, Erwin A.; Deppe, Frank; Schöttl, Stephan
2003-05-01
To obtain the exact spin structure of the nuclear magnetically ordered phases of solid 3He, in the BCC lattice called U2D2 and high field phase, both occurring below about 1 mK, we started a project of neutron scattering from the solid at the Hahn-Meitner Institut, Berlin. This experiment faces three main difficulties: to cool the solid to temperatures below 1 mK (or even much lower in the case of the HCP lattice), to keep it there under neutron flux, and to grow a single crystal within the sintered material needed for this purpose. As a first step we have performed pulsed NMR measurements in the ordered phases of solid 3He in a silver sinter of 700 Å particle size down to temperatures of 600 μK at various molar volumes. The samples remained in the ordered state for as long as 110 h.
Long-range order for the spin-1 Heisenberg model with a small antiferromagnetic interaction
Lees, Benjamin
2014-09-15
We look at the general SU(2) invariant spin-1 Heisenberg model. This family includes the well-known Heisenberg ferromagnet and antiferromagnet as well as the interesting nematic (biquadratic) and the largely mysterious staggered-nematic interaction. Long range order is proved using the method of reflection positivity and infrared bounds on a purely nematic interaction. This is achieved through the use of a type of matrix representation of the interaction making clear several identities that would not otherwise be noticed. Using the reflection positivity of the antiferromagnetic interaction one can then show that the result is maintained if we also include an antiferromagnetic interaction that is sufficiently small.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Günther, Stefan; Spezzani, Carlo; Ciprian, Roberta; Grazioli, Cesare; Ressel, Barbara; Coreno, Marcello; Poletto, Luca; Miotti, Paolo; Sacchi, Maurizio; Panaccione, Giancarlo; Uhlíř, Vojtěch; Fullerton, Eric E.; De Ninno, Giovanni; Back, Christian H.
2014-11-01
We use element-resolved IR-pump/extreme ultraviolet-probe experiments to disentangle the ultrafast interplay of the magnetic sublattices of an ordered crystalline magnetic alloy. As a paradigmatic example, we investigate the case of the FeRh alloy, which shows a delayed response for the different components. Furthermore, a detailed time-resolved magneto-optic study shows that the data can be analyzed by only assuming Elliot-Yafet-like scattering, as the underlying mechanism for ultrafast demagnetization, resulting in an unexpected nonmonotonic dependence of the spin-flip rate, as a function of quenching.
Magnetic order and spin-flop transitions in the cobalt-doped multiferroic Mn1-xCoxWO4
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ye, Feng; Chi, Songxue; Fernandez-Baca, Jaime A.; Cao, Huibo; Liang, K.-C.; Wang, Yaqi; Lorenz, Bernd; Chu, C. W.
2012-09-01
We present a comprehensive single-crystal neutron diffraction investigation of the Mn1-xCoxWO4 with 0.02≤x≤0.30. At lower concentration x≤0.05, the system is quickly driven into the multiferroic phase with spin structure forming an elliptical spiral order similar to the parent compound. The reduction of electric polarization is ascribed to the tilting of the spiral plane. For x˜0.075, the magnetic structure undergoes a spin-flop transition that is characterized by a sudden rotation of the spin helix envelope into the ac plane. This spin structure persists for concentration up to x=0.15, where additional competing magnetic orders appear at low temperature. For 0.17≤x≤0.30, the system experiences another spin-flop transition and recovers the low-x spiral spin configuration. A simple commensurate spin structure with q⃗=(0.5,0,0) is found to coexist with the incommensurate spiral order. The complex evolution of magnetic structure in Co doped MnWO4 contrasts sharply with other transition metal ion doped Mn1-xAxWO4 (A=Zn, Mg, Fe) where the chemical substitutions stabilize only one type of magnetic structure. The rich phase diagram of Mn1-xCoxWO4 results from the interplay between magnetic frustration and spin anisotropy of the Co ions.
Murata, Ken-ichiro; Tanaka, Hajime
2015-01-01
A liquid–liquid transition (LLT) in a single-component substance is an unconventional phase transition from one liquid to another. LLT has recently attracted considerable attention because of its fundamental importance in our understanding of the liquid state. To access the order parameter governing LLT from a microscopic viewpoint, here we follow the structural evolution during the LLT of an organic molecular liquid, triphenyl phosphite (TPP), by time-resolved small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering measurements. We find that locally favored clusters, whose characteristic size is a few nanometers, are spontaneously formed and their number density monotonically increases during LLT. This strongly suggests that the order parameter of LLT is the number density of locally favored structures and of nonconserved nature. We also show that the locally favored structures are distinct from the crystal structure and these two types of orderings compete with each other. Thus, our study not only experimentally identifies the structural order parameter governing LLT, but also may settle a long-standing debate on the nature of the transition in TPP, i.e., whether the transition is LLT or merely microcrystal formation. PMID:25918385
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Tatton, Andrew S.; Frantsuzov, Ilya; Brown, Steven P.; Hodgkinson, Paul
2012-02-01
We recently noted [R. K. Harris, P. Hodgkinson, V. Zorin, J.-N. Dumez, B. Elena, L. Emsley, E. Salager, and R. Stein, Magn. Reson. Chem. 48, S103 (2010), 10.1002/mrc.2636] anomalous shifts in apparent 1H chemical shifts in experiments using 1H homonuclear decoupling sequences to acquire high-resolution 1H NMR spectra for organic solids under magic-angle spinning (MAS). Analogous effects were also observed in numerical simulations of model 13C,1H spin systems under homonuclear decoupling and involving large 13C,1H dipolar couplings. While the heteronuclear coupling is generally assumed to be efficiently suppressed by sample spinning at the magic angle, we show that under conditions typically used in solid-state NMR, there is a significant third-order cross-term from this coupling under the conditions of simultaneous MAS and homonuclear decoupling for spins directly bonded to 1H. This term, which is of the order of 100 Hz under typical conditions, explains the anomalous behaviour observed on both 1H and 13C spins, including the fast dephasing observed in 13C{1H} heteronuclear spin-echo experiments under 1H homonuclear decoupling. Strategies for minimising the impact of this effect are also discussed.
Spin state ordering of strongly correlating LaCoO3 induced at ultrahigh magnetic fields
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ikeda, Akihiko; Nomura, Toshihiro; Matsuda, Yasuhiro H.; Matsuo, Akira; Kindo, Koichi; Sato, Keisuke
2016-06-01
Magnetization measurements of LaCoO3 have been carried out up to 133 T, generated with a destructive pulse magnet at a wide temperature range from 2 to 120 K. A novel magnetic transition was found at B >100 T and T >T*=32 ±5 K, which is characterized by its transition field increasing with increasing temperature. At T
Microviscosity of human erythrocytes studied using hypophosphite two-spin order relaxation.
Price, W S; Perng, B C; Tsai, C L; Hwang, L P
1992-01-01
A new 31P NMR method is used to probe the cytoplasmic viscosity of human erythrocytes. The method is based on observing two-spin order relaxation of the 31P atom of the hypophosphite ion. This method is superior to our previous method, using the longitudinal relaxation time of the ion, because random field effects such as intermolecular dipole-dipole relaxation can be separated from intramolecular relaxation. This allows a more accurate determination of the effective reorientational correlation time from the measured intramolecular relaxation because it is now unaffected by random field effects. The new method also provides a means by which to estimate the random field effects. Both two-spin order and proton-decoupled T1 measurements were conducted on hypophosphite in water solutions at various temperatures, glycerol solutions of various viscosities, and in erythrocyte samples of various cell volumes. The results show that the effective reorientational correlation time of the hypophosphite ion varies from 7.2 to 15.2 ps in the cytoplasm of cells ranging in volume from 102 to 56 fl cells. PMID:1504239
Spin excitations in a model of FeSe with orbital ordering
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kreisel, A.; Mukherjee, Shantanu; Hirschfeld, P. J.; Andersen, Brian M.
2015-12-01
We present a theoretical study of the dynamical spin susceptibility for the intriguing Fe-based superconductor FeSe, based on a tight-binding model developed to account for the temperature-dependent band structure in this system. The model allows for orbital ordering in the dx z/dy z channel below the structural transition and presents a strongly C4-symmetry-broken Fermi surface at low temperatures which accounts for the nematic properties of this material. The calculated spin excitations are peaked at wave vector (π ,0 ) in the 1-Fe Brillouin zone, with a broad maximum at energies of order a few meV. In this range, the occurrence of superconductivity sharpens this peak in energy, creating a (π ,0 ) "neutron resonance" as seen in recent experiments. With the exception of the quite low energy scale of these fluctuations, these results are roughly similar to standard behavior in Fe pnictide systems. At higher energies, however, intensity increases and shifts to wave vectors along the (π ,0 )-(π ,π ) line. We compare with existing inelastic neutron experiments and NMR data, and give predictions for further studies.
Nematic and spin-charge orders driven by hole-doping a charge-transfer insulator
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fischer, Mark H.; Wu, Si; Lawler, Michael; Paramekanti, Arun; Kim, Eun-Ah
2014-09-01
Recent experimental discoveries have brought a diverse set of broken symmetry states to the center stage of research on cuprate superconductors. Here, we focus on a thematic understanding of the diverse phenomenology by exploring a strong-coupling mechanism of symmetry breaking driven by frustration of antiferromagnetic (AFM) order. We achieve this through a variational study of a three-band model of the CuO2 plane with Kondo type exchange couplings between doped oxygen holes and classical copper spins. Two main findings from this strong-coupling multi-band perspective are (1) that the symmetry hierarchy of spin stripe, charge stripe, intra-unit-cell nematic order and isotropic phases are all accessible microscopically within the model, (2) many symmetry-breaking patterns compete with energy differences within a few meV per Cu atom to produce a rich phase diagram. These results indicate that the diverse phenomenology of broken-symmetry states in hole-doped AFM charge-transfer insulators may indeed arise from hole-doped frustration of antiferromagnetism.
Vestigial nematicity from spin and/or charge order in the cuprates
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Nie, Laimei; Maharaj, Akash; Fradkin, Eduardo; Kivelson, Steven
Nematic order (C4 rotation symmetry breaking) has manifested itself in a variety of materials in the cuprates family, yet its origin remains debatable, with possible links to lattice, charge, and spin degrees of freedom across different doping regimes. We propose an effective field theory of a layered system with incommensurate, intertwined spin- and charge-density wave (SDW and CDW) orders, each of which consists of two components related by C4 rotations. Using a variational free energy approach, we study the growth of the associated nematicity from partially melting those density waves by either increasing temperature or adding quenched disorder. Under the assumption that the zero-disorder, zero-interaction SDW transition temperature is higher than CDW at small doping (and vice versa for large doping), we find that for the general case with finite disorder and interactions there is a universal nematic transition across the entire doping range, accompanied by SDW and CDW transitions (or strong fluctuations at large enough disorder) at lower temperatures. We also discuss the issues concerning the difference between La-based materials and the other hole-doped cuprates.
Second order formalism for spin (1/2) fermions and Compton scattering
Delgado-Acosta, E. G.; Napsuciale, Mauro; Rodriguez, Simon
2011-04-01
We develop a second order formalism for massive spin 1/2 fermions based on the projection over Poincare invariant subspaces in the ((1/2),0)+(0,(1/2)) representation of the homogeneous Lorentz group. Using the U(1){sub em} gauge principle we obtain a second order description for the electromagnetic interactions of a spin 1/2 fermion with two free parameters, the gyromagnetic factor g and a parameter {xi} related to odd-parity Lorentz structures. We calculate Compton scattering in this formalism. In the particular case g=2, {xi}=0, and for states with well-defined parity, we recover Dirac results. In general, we find the correct classical limit and a finite value r{sub c}{sup 2} for the forward differential cross section, independent of the photon energy and of the value of the parameters g and {xi}. The differential cross section vanishes at high energies for all g, {xi} except in the forward direction. The total cross section at high energies vanishes only for g=2, {xi}=0. We argue that this formalism is more convenient than Dirac theory in the description of low energy electromagnetic properties of baryons and illustrate the point with the proton case.
Ge, Mingtao; Freed, Jack H.
2009-01-01
Abstract A spin-labeling study of interactions of a fusion peptide from the hemagglutinin of the influenza virus, wt20, and a fusion-inactive mutant ΔG1 with dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) and 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-phosphatdylcholine bilayers was performed. We found that upon binding of wt20, the ordering of headgroups and the ordering of acyl chains near the headgroup increased significantly, in a manner consistent with a cooperative phenomenon. However, changes in the order at the end of the acyl chains were negligible. The ordering effect of wt20 on the headgroup was much stronger at pH 5 than at pH 7. No effect of ΔG1 binding on the order of bilayers was evident. We also found that 1-palmitoyl-2-hydroxyl phosphatidylcholine, a membrane-fusion inhibitor, decreased the ordering of DMPC headgroups, whereas arachidonic acid, a membrane-fusion promoter, increased the ordering of DMPC headgroups. These results suggest that increases in headgroup ordering may be important for membrane fusion. We propose that upon binding of wt20, which is known to affect only the outer leaflet of the bilayer, this outer leaflet becomes more ordered, and thus more solid-like. Then the coupling between the hardened outer leaflet and the softer inner leaflet generates bending stresses in the bilayer, which tend to increase the negative curvature of the bilayer. We suggest that the increased ordering in the headgroup region enhances dipolar interactions and lowers electrostatic energy, which may provide an energy source for membrane fusion. Possible roles of bending stresses in promoting membrane fusion are discussed. PMID:19527651
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2010-10-01
....298 Are Self-Governance Tribes required to comply with Executive Orders to fulfill their environmental... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Are Self-Governance Tribes required to comply with Executive Orders to fulfill their environmental responsibilities under section 509 of the Act ?...
Ferroic ordering and charge-spin-lattice order coupling in Gd doped Fe3O4 nanoparticles
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Laha, Suvra; Abdelhamid, Ehab; Palihawadana Arachchige, Maheshika; Dixit, Ambesh; Lawes, Gavin; Naik, Vaman; Naik, Ratna
Rare earth doped spinels have been extensively studied for their potential applications in magneto-optical recording and as MRI contrast agents. In the present study, we have investigated the effect of gadolinium doping (1-5 at.%) on the magnetic and dielectric properties of Fe3O4nanoparticles synthesized by the chemical co-precipitation method. The structure and morphology of the as-synthesized gadolinium doped Fe3O4(Gd-Fe3O4) nanoparticles were characterized by XRD, SEM and TEM, and the magnetic properties were measured by a Quantum Design physical property measurement system. We find that the penetration of excess Gd3+ ions into Fe3O4 spinel matrix significantly influences the average crystallite size and saturation magnetization in Gd-Fe3O4. The average crystallite size, estimated from XRD using Scherrer equation, increases with increasing Gd doping percentage and the saturation magnetization drops monotonically with excess Gd3+ ions. Interestingly, Gd- Fe3O4develops enhanced ferroelectric ordering at low temperatures. The details of the temperature dependent dielectric, ferroelectric and magnetocapacitance measurements to understand the onset of charge-spin-lattice coupling in Gd-Fe3O4 system will be presented.
Spin polarized photons from an axially charged plasma at weak coupling: Complete leading order
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mamo, Kiminad A.; Yee, Ho-Ung
2016-03-01
In the presence of (approximately conserved) axial charge in the QCD plasma at finite temperature, the emitted photons are spin aligned, which is a unique P - and C P -odd signature of axial charge in the photon emission observables. We compute this "P -odd photon emission rate" in a weak coupling regime at a high temperature limit to complete leading order in the QCD coupling constant: the leading log as well as the constant under the log. As in the P -even total emission rate in the literature, the computation of the P -odd emission rate at leading order consists of three parts: (1) Compton and pair annihilation processes with hard momentum exchange, (2) soft t - and u -channel contributions with hard thermal loop resummation, (3) Landau-Pomeranchuk-Migdal resummation of collinear bremsstrahlung and pair annihilation. We present analytical and numerical evaluations of these contributions to our P -odd photon emission rate observable.
An alternative order-parameter for non-equilibrium generalized spin models on honeycomb lattices
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sastre, Francisco; Henkel, Malte
2016-04-01
An alternative definition for the order-parameter is proposed, for a family of non-equilibrium spin models with up-down symmetry on honeycomb lattices, and which depends on two parameters. In contrast to the usual definition, our proposal takes into account that each site of the lattice can be associated with a local temperature which depends on the local environment of each site. Using the generalised voter motel as a test case, we analyse the phase diagram and the critical exponents in the stationary state and compare the results of the standard order-parameter with the ones following from our new proposal, on the honeycomb lattice. The stationary phase transition is in the Ising universality class. Finite-size corrections are also studied and the Wegner exponent is estimated as ω =1.06(9).
First-Order Transition in a Spin Model for Self-Organization
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bauvin, R.; Kamp, Y.
The paper examines the emergence of self-organization in a population where tandem recruitment is combined with individual memory. The time evolution is modeled as a two-dimensional spin system with local interaction along the time axis and a mean-field interaction along the other axis. We generalize a previous result obtained with this model from the case of two sources to the multisource situation and show a twofold connection with the Potts model. First, when individual memory exceeds a critical value, a phase transition sets in, which is second order for two sources but first order beyond, similarly to the mean-field theory of the Potts model. In addition, the self-organization problem considered here relies on a special case of the one-dimensional nearest-neighbor Potts model with external field, which is shown to be explicitly solvable.
Magnetic ordering in tetragonal FeS: Evidence for strong itinerant spin fluctuations
Kwon, K.D.; Refson, K.; Bone, S.; Qiao, R.; Yang, W.; Liu, Z.; Sposito, G.
2010-11-01
Mackinawite is a naturally occurring layer-type FeS mineral important in biogeochemical cycles and, more recently, in the development of microbial fuel cells. Conflicting results have been published as to the magnetic properties of this mineral, with Moessbauer spectroscopy indicating no magnetic ordering down to 4.2 K but density functional theory (DFT) predicting an antiferromagnetic ground state, similar to the Fe-based high-temperature superconductors with which it is isostructural and for which it is known that magnetism is suppressed by strong itinerant spin fluctuations. We investigated this latter possibility for mackinawite using photoemission spectroscopy, near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy, and DFT computations. Our Fe 3{sub s} core-level photoemission spectrum of mackinawite showed a clear exchange-energy splitting (2.9 eV) consistent with a 1 {micro}{sub B} magnetic moment on the Fe ions, while the Fe L-edge x-ray absorption spectrum indicated rather delocalized Fe 3{sub d} electrons in mackinawite similar to those in Fe metal. Our DFT computations demonstrated that the ground state of mackinawite is single-stripe antiferromagnetic, with an Fe magnetic moment (2.7 {micro}{sub B}) that is significantly larger than the experimental estimate and has a strong dependence on the S height and lattice parameters. All of these trends signal the existence of strong itinerant spin fluctuations. If spin fluctuations prove to be mediators of electron pairing, we conjecture that mackinawite may be one of the simplest Fe-based superconductors.
Magnetic order, magnetic correlations, and spin dynamics in the pyrochlore antiferromagnet Er2Ti2O7
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dalmas de Réotier, P.; Yaouanc, A.; Chapuis, Y.; Curnoe, S. H.; Grenier, B.; Ressouche, E.; Marin, C.; Lago, J.; Baines, C.; Giblin, S. R.
2012-09-01
Er2Ti2O7 is believed to be a realization of an XY antiferromagnet on a frustrated lattice of corner-sharing regular tetrahedra. It is presented as an example of the order-by-disorder mechanism in which fluctuations lift the degeneracy of the ground state, leading to an ordered state. Here we report detailed measurements of the low-temperature magnetic properties of Er2Ti2O7, which displays a second-order phase transition at TN≃1.2 K with coexisting short- and long-range orders. Magnetic susceptibility studies show that there is no spin-glass-like irreversible effect. Heat capacity measurements reveal that the paramagnetic critical exponent is typical of a 3-dimensional XY magnet while the low-temperature specific heat sets an upper limit on the possible spin-gap value and provides an estimate for the spin-wave velocity. Muon spin relaxation measurements show the presence of spin dynamics in the nanosecond time scale down to 21 mK. This time range is intermediate between the shorter time characterizing the spin dynamics in Tb2Sn2O7, which also displays long- and short-range magnetic order, and the time scale typical of conventional magnets. Hence the ground state is characterized by exotic spin dynamics. We determine the parameters of a symmetry-dictated Hamiltonian restricted to the spins in a tetrahedron, by fitting the paramagnetic diffuse neutron scattering intensity for two reciprocal lattice planes. These data are recorded in a temperature region where the assumption that the correlations are limited to nearest neighbors is fair.
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2012-01-01
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2012-01-01
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On the zeroth-order hamiltonian for CASPT2 calculations of spin crossover compounds.
Vela, Sergi; Fumanal, Maria; Ribas-Ariño, Jordi; Robert, Vincent
2016-04-15
Complete active space self-consistent field theory (CASSCF) calculations and subsequent second-order perturbation theory treatment (CASPT2) are discussed in the evaluation of the spin-states energy difference (ΔHelec ) of a series of seven spin crossover (SCO) compounds. The reference values have been extracted from a combination of experimental measurements and DFT + U calculations, as discussed in a recent article (Vela et al., Phys Chem Chem Phys 2015, 17, 16306). It is definitely proven that the critical IPEA parameter used in CASPT2 calculations of ΔHelec , a key parameter in the design of SCO compounds, should be modified with respect to its default value of 0.25 a.u. and increased up to 0.50 a.u. The satisfactory agreement observed previously in the literature might result from an error cancellation originated in the default IPEA, which overestimates the stability of the HS state, and the erroneous atomic orbital basis set contraction of carbon atoms, which stabilizes the LS states. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:26695936
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Pathak, Anand; Sinha, Sitabhra
2015-09-01
Many complex systems can be represented as networks of dynamical elements whose states evolve in response to interactions with neighboring elements, noise and external stimuli. The collective behavior of such systems can exhibit remarkable ordering phenomena such as chimera order corresponding to coexistence of ordered and disordered regions. Often, the interactions in such systems can also evolve over time responding to changes in the dynamical states of the elements. Link adaptation inspired by Hebbian learning, the dominant paradigm for neuronal plasticity, has been earlier shown to result in structural balance by removing any initial frustration in a system that arises through conflicting interactions. Here we show that the rate of the adaptive dynamics for the interactions is crucial in deciding the emergence of different ordering behavior (including chimera) and frustration in networks of Ising spins. In particular, we observe that small changes in the link adaptation rate about a critical value result in the system exhibiting radically different energy landscapes, viz., smooth landscape corresponding to balanced systems seen for fast learning, and rugged landscapes corresponding to frustrated systems seen for slow learning.
Magnetization studies of the nuclear spin ordered phases of solid 3He in silver sinters
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Schuberth, E. A.; Kath, M.; Tassini, L.; Millan-Chacartegui, C.
2005-08-01
Solid 3He, in the bcc lattice between 34 and 100 bar, exhibits two nuclear magnetic ordered phases in the sub-mK temperature range, the so called U2D2 low (magnetic) field phase and the “high field phase” above 0.4 T. To determine the exact spin structure of these phases we started a project of neutron scattering from the ordered solid in collaboration with the Hahn-Meitner Institute, Berlin, and other European and US groups. For this experiment it is crucial to grow a single crystal within the sinter needed for cooling the solid to temperatures of the order of 500 μK (or even twenty times lower in the case of the hcp lattice which is formed above 100 bar) and to keep it there long enough to measure a magnetic neutron reflection. We studied the growth of crystals in Ag sinters of different pore size and with different growth speeds to find an optimal way to obtain single crystalline samples. As a first diagnostic step we performed pulsed NMR measurements in the ordered phases of solid 3He in a sinter of 2700 Å particle size down to temperatures of 450 μK at various molar volumes. We could keep the samples in the ordered state for as long as 140 h. The second method we used was SQUID magnetometry. For the low field phase TN was indicated by a drop of the intensity, both in the NMR signal and in the dc magnetization, whereas in the high field phase an increase of about 30% was observed below the ordering temperature. For the fabrication of the sinters a packing fraction of 50% and subsequent annealing proved to be very favorable to obtain cold ordered solid. Furthermore, we find that a paramagnetic surface contribution from a few monolayers of 3He exists down to 500 μK in addition to the bulk magnetization.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Tessmer, Manuel; Steinhoff, Jan; Schäfer, Gerhard
2013-03-01
This paper will deal with an explicit determination of the time evolution of the spin orientation axes and the evolution of the orbital phase in the case of circular orbits under next-to-leading-order spin-orbit interactions. We modify the method of Schneider and Cui proposed [Theoreme über Bewegungsintegrale und ihre Anwendung in Bahntheorien, A Theoretische Geodäsie Vol. 121 (Verlag der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, München, Germany, 2005)] to iteratively remove oscillatory terms in the equations of motion for different masses that were not present in the case of equal masses. Our smallness parameter is chosen to be the difference of the symmetric mass ratio to the value 1/4. Before the first Lie transformation, the set of conserved quantities consists of the total angular momentum J and the amplitudes of the orbital angular momentum and of the spins, L, S1, and S2. In contrast, S≔|S1+S2| is not conserved, and we wish to shift its nonconservation to higher orders of the smallness parameter. We perform the iterations explicitly to first order, while performing higher orders would mean no structural difference or harder mathematical difficulties. To apply this method, we develop a canonical system of spin variables reduced by the conservation law of total angular momentum, which is imposed on the phase space as a constraint. The result is an asymptotic series in ɛ that may be truncated appropriately by considering the physical properties of the regarded system.
Imprints of spin-orbit density wave in the hidden-order state of URu2Si2
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Das, Tanmoy
2014-01-01
The mysterious second-order quantum phase transition, commonly attributed to the "hidden-order" (HO) state, in heavy-fermion metal URu2Si2 exhibits a number of paradoxical electronic and magnetic properties which cannot be associated with any conventional order parameter. We characterize and reconcile these exotic properties of the HO state based on a spin-orbit density wave order (SODW), constructed on the basis of a realistic density functional theory band structure. We quantify the nature of the gapped electronic and magnetic excitation spectrum, in agreement with measurements, while the magnetic moment is calculated to be zero owing to the spin-orbit coupling induced time-reversal invariance. Furthermore, a new collective mode in the spin-1 excitation spectrum is predicted to localize at zero momentum transfer in the HO state which can be visualized, for example, by electron spin resonance at zero magnetic field or polarized inelastic neutron scattering measurements. The results demonstrate that the concomitant broken and invariant symmetries protected SODW order not only provides insights into numerous nontrivial hidden-order phenomena, but also offers a parallel laboratory to the formation of a topologically protected quantum state beyond the quantum spin Hall state and Weyl semimetals.
Synthetic magnetic fluxes and topological order in one-dimensional spin systems
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Graß, Tobias; Muschik, Christine; Celi, Alessio; Chhajlany, Ravindra W.; Lewenstein, Maciej
2015-06-01
Engineering topological quantum order has become a major field of physics. Many advances have been made by synthesizing gauge fields in cold atomic systems. Here we carry over these developments to other platforms which are extremely well suited for quantum engineering, namely, trapped ions and nano-trapped atoms. Since these systems are typically one-dimensional, the action of artificial magnetic fields has so far received little attention. However, exploiting the long-range nature of interactions, loops with nonvanishing magnetic fluxes become possible even in one-dimensional settings. This gives rise to intriguing phenomena, such as fractal energy spectra, flat bands with localized edge states, and topological many-body states. We elaborate on a simple scheme for generating the required artificial fluxes by periodically driving an XY spin chain. Concrete estimates demonstrating the experimental feasibility for trapped ions and atoms in wave guides are given.
Reentrant spin glass ordering in an Fe-based bulk metallic glass
Luo, Qiang; Shen, Jun
2015-02-07
We report the results of the complex susceptibility, temperature, and field dependence of DC magnetization and the nonequilibrium dynamics of a bulk metallic glass Fe{sub 40}Co{sub 8}Cr{sub 15}Mo{sub 14}C{sub 15}B{sub 6}Er{sub 2}. Solid indication of the coexistence of reentrant spin glass (SG) and ferromagnetic orderings is determined from both DC magnetization and AC susceptibility under different DC fields. Dynamics scaling of AC susceptibility indicates critical slowing down to a reentrant SG state with a static transition temperature T{sub s} = ∼17.8 K and a dynamic exponent zv = ∼7.3. The SG nature is further corroborated from chaos and memory effects, magnetic hysteresis, and aging behavior. We discuss the results in terms of the competition among random magnetic anisotropy and exchange interactions and compare them with simulation predictions.
First-order torques and solid-body spinning velocities in intense sound fields
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Wang, T. G.; Kanber, H.; Rudnick, I.
1977-01-01
The letter reports an observation of first-order nonzero time-averaged torques and solid-body spinning velocities in intense acoustic fields. The experimental apparatus consisted of a vertical cylindrical rod supported on an air bearing and passing through a box with two loudspeakers centered on adjoining vertical sides. The rim velocity of the cylinder and the torque on the cylinder are measured as functions of air-particle velocity and the phase difference between the x and y components of the particle velocity. It is found that both rim velocity and torque are linear functions of particle velocity. Difficulties in constructing a proper theoretical description of the observed effects are discussed.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Moran, K. D.
The author notes that two trends appear to be developing in litigation over the governance of the public schools. One trend is increasing participation of organized groups in suits against the schools. The other is a greater volume of litigation dealing with open meeting laws and freedom of information acts. Reflecting the second trend, the…
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
... Property of the Government of Iran and Iranian Financial Institutions 13599 Order 13599 Presidential... Government of Iran and Iranian Financial Institutions By the authority vested in me as President by the... Iran and other Iranian banks to conceal transactions of sanctioned parties, the deficiencies in...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
.... Establishing a Coordinated Government-Wide Initiative to Promote Diversity and Inclusion in the Federal... EO 13583 Establishing a Coordinated Government-Wide Initiative to Promote Diversity and Inclusion in... opportunity, diversity, and inclusion, it is hereby ordered as follows: Section 1. Policy. Our Nation...
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zhang, Q.; Singh, K.; Simon, C.; Tung, L. D.; Balakrishnan, G.; Hardy, V.
2014-07-01
The orthovanadate DyVO3 crystal, known to exhibit multiple structural, spin-, and orbital-ordering transitions, is presently investigated on the basis of magnetization, heat capacity, resistivity, dielectric, and polarization measurements. Our main result is experimental evidence for the existence of multiferroicity below a high TC of 108 K over a wide temperature range including different spin-orbital-ordered states. The onset of ferroelectricity is found to coincide with the antiferromagnetic C-type spin-ordering transition taking place at 108 K, which indicates that DyVO3 belongs to type-II multiferroics exhibiting a coupling between magnetism and ferroelectricity. Some anomalies detected on the temperature dependence of electric polarization are discussed with respect to the nature of the spin-orbital-ordered states of the V sublattice and the degree of spin alignment in the Dy sublattice. The orthovanadates RVO3 (R= rare earth or Y) form an important new category for searching for high-TC multiferroics.
Order by Disorder Spin Wave Gap in the XY Pyrochlore Magnet Er2Ti2O7
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ross, K. A.; Qiu, Y.; Copley, J. R. D.; Dabkowska, H. A.; Gaulin, B. D.
2014-02-01
The recent determination of a robust spin Hamiltonian for the antiferromagnetic XY pyrochlore Er2Ti2O7 reveals a most convincing case of the "Order-by-Quantum-Disorder" mechanism for ground state selection. This mechanism relies on quantum fluctuations to remove an accidental symmetry of the magnetic ground state, and selects a particular ordered spin structure below TN=1.2 K. The removal of the continuous degeneracy results in an energy gap in the spectrum of spin wave excitations, long wavelength pseudo-Goldstone modes. We have measured the Order-by-Quantum-Disorder spin wave gap at a zone center in Er2Ti2O7, using low incident energy neutrons and the time-of-flight inelastic scattering method. We report a gap of Δ =0.053±0.006 meV, which is consistent with upper bounds placed on it from heat capacity measurements and roughly consistent with the theoretical estimate of ˜0.02 meV, further validating the spin Hamiltonian that led to that prediction. The gap is observed to vary with the square of the order parameter, and goes to zero for T˜TN.
Negi, D. S. E-mail: ranjan@jncasr.ac.in; Loukya, B.; Datta, R. E-mail: ranjan@jncasr.ac.in
2015-12-07
We report on the observation of Co vacancy (V{sub Co}) induced charge ordering and ferromagnetism in CoO epitaxial thin film. The ordering is associated with the coexistence of commensurate, incommensurate, and discommensurate electronic phases. Density functional theory calculation indicates the origin of ordering in Co atoms undergoing high spin to low spin transition immediately surrounding the V{sub Co(16.6 at. %)}. Electron magnetic chiral dichroism experiment confirms the ferromagnetic signal at uncompensated Co spins. Such a native defects induced coexistence of different electronic phases at room temperature in a simple compound CoO is unique and adds to the richness of the field with the possibility of practical device application.
Static magnetic ordering of CeCu2.1Si2 found by muon spin relaxation
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Uemura, Y. J.; Kossler, W. J.; Yu, X. H.; Schone, H. E.; Kempton, J. R.; Stronach, C. E.; Barth, S.; Gygax, F. N.; Hitti, B.; Schenck, A.
1988-01-01
Zero- and longitudinal-field muon spin relaxation measurements on a polycrystal sample of a heavy fermion superconductor CeCu2.1 Si2 (T(c) = 0.7 K) have revealed an onset of static magnetic ordering below T approximately 0.8 K. The line shapes of the observed spectra in zero field indicate a wide distribution of static random local fields at muon sites, suggesting that the ordering is either spin glass or incommensurate spin-density-wave state. The observed width of the random local field at T = 0.05 K corresponds to a small averaged static moment of the order of 0.1 micro-B per formula unit.
Disorder from order among anisotropic next-nearest-neighbor Ising spin chains in SrHo2O4
Wen, J. -J.; Tian, W.; Garlea, V. O.; Koohpayeh, S. M.; McQueen, T. M.; Li, H. -F.; Yan, J. -Q.; Rodriguez-Rivera, J. A.; Vaknin, D.; Broholm, C. L.
2015-02-26
In this study, we describe why Ising spin chains with competing interactions in SrHo2O4 segregate into ordered and disordered ensembles at low temperatures (T). Using elastic neutron scattering, magnetization, and specific heat measurements, the two distinct spin chains are inferred to have Néel (↑↓↑↓) and double-Néel (↑↑↓↓) ground states, respectively. Below TN = 0.68(2)K, the Néel chains develop three-dimensional long range order (LRO), which arrests further thermal equilibration of the double-Néel chains so they remain in a disordered incommensurate state for T below TS = 0.52(2)K. SrHo2O4 distills an important feature of incommensurate low dimensional magnetism: kinetically trapped topological defectsmore » in a quasi–d–dimensional spin system can preclude order in d + 1 dimensions.« less
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Baek, S.-H.; Utz, Y.; Hücker, M.; Gu, G. D.; Büchner, B.; Grafe, H.-J.
2015-10-01
We report 139La nuclear magnetic resonance studies performed on a La1.875Ba0.125CuO4 single crystal. The data show that the structural phase transitions (high-temperature tetragonal→low-temperature orthorhombic→low-temperature tetragonal phase) are of the displacive type in this material. The 139La spin-lattice relaxation rate T1-1 sharply upturns at the charge-ordering temperature TCO=54 K, indicating that charge order triggers the slowing down of spin fluctuations. Detailed temperature and field dependencies of the T1-1 below the spin-ordering temperature TSO=40 K reveal the development of enhanced spin fluctuations in the spin-ordered state for H ∥[001 ] , which are completely suppressed for large fields along the CuO2 planes. Our results shed light on the unusual spin fluctuations in the charge and spin stripe ordered lanthanum cuprates.
S. -H. Baek; Gu, G. D.; Utz, Y.; Hucker, M.; Buchner, B.; Grafe, H. -J.
2015-10-26
We report 139La nuclear magnetic resonance studies performed on a La1.875Ba0.125CuO4 single crystal. The data show that the structural phase transitions (high-temperature tetragonal → low-temperature orthorhombic → low-temperature tetragonal phase) are of the displacive type in this material. The 139La spin-lattice relaxation rate T–11 sharply upturns at the charge-ordering temperature TCO = 54 K, indicating that charge order triggers the slowing down of spin fluctuations. Detailed temperature and field dependencies of the T–11 below the spin-ordering temperature TSO=40 K reveal the development of enhanced spin fluctuations in the spin-ordered state for H ∥ [001], which are completely suppressed for largemore » fields along the CuO2 planes. Lastly, our results shed light on the unusual spin fluctuations in the charge and spin stripe ordered lanthanum cuprates.« less
Spin polarized photons from an axially charged plasma at weak coupling: Complete leading order
Mamo, Kiminad A.; Yee, Ho-Ung
2016-03-24
In the presence of (approximately conserved) axial charge in the QCD plasma at finite temperature, the emitted photons are spin aligned, which is a unique P- and CP-odd signature of axial charge in the photon emission observables. We compute this “P-odd photon emission rate” in a weak coupling regime at a high temperature limit to complete leading order in the QCD coupling constant: the leading log as well as the constant under the log. As in the P-even total emission rate in the literature, the computation of the P-odd emission rate at leading order consists of three parts: (1) Comptonmore » and pair annihilation processes with hard momentum exchange, (2) soft t- and u-channel contributions with hard thermal loop resummation, (3) Landau-Pomeranchuk-Migdal resummation of collinear bremsstrahlung and pair annihilation. In conclusion, we present analytical and numerical evaluations of these contributions to our P-odd photon emission rate observable.« less
Spin-orbit correlated magnetic order in honeycomb α-RuCl3
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Venkataraman, Vijay Shankar; Kim, Heung-Sik; Kee, Hae-Young
2015-03-01
There has been a lot of recent interest in the combined effects of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) and electronic correlations in transition metal compounds. RuCl3 with layered honeycomb structure was proposed as a candidate material, where SOC boosts the electronic interaction, leading to an insulating phase. However, the role of SOC is not clear in materials with 4d-orbitals, since SOC strength is weaker than 5d-orbital materials. Here we study electronic band structures of honeycomb RuCl3 using ab-initio and tight binding methods, and estimate its SOC strength. We find that SOC in RuCl3 is not strong enough to justify an effective jeff = 1 / 2 single band unlike in the iridates. However, when electronic interactions are introduced, a magnetic order develops, and upper- and lower-Hubbard bands are characterized by jeff = 1 / 2 and 3 / 2 , respectively. Within a mean field theory with multi-orbital bands, we find that a zig-zag magnetic order is a ground state. Experimental implications are also discussed.
Superconductivity at the onset of spin-density-wave order in a metal.
Wang, Yuxuan; Chubukov, Andrey V
2013-03-22
We revisit the issue of superconductivity at the quantum-critical point (QCP) between a 2D paramagnet and a spin-density-wave metal with ordering momentum (π, π). This problem is highly nontrivial because the system at criticality displays a non-Fermi-liquid behavior and because the effective coupling constant λ for the pairing is generally of order one, even when the actual interaction is smaller than fermionic bandwidth. Previous study [M. A. Metlitski and S. Sachdev, Phys. Rev. B 82, 075128 (2010)] has found that the renormalizations of the pairing vertex are stronger than in BCS theory and hold in powers of log(2)(1/T). We analyze the full gap equation and argue that summing up of the leading logarithms does not lead to a pairing instability. Yet, we show that superconductivity has no threshold and appears even if λ is set to be small, because subleading logarithmical renormalizations diverge and give rise to a BCS-like result log1/T(c) ∝ 1/λ. We argue that the analogy with BCS is not accidental as at small λ superconductivity at a QCP predominantly comes from fermions that retain Fermi-liquid behavior at criticality. We compute T(c) for the actual λ ∼ O(1), and find that both Fermi-liquid and non-Fermi-liquid fermions contribute to the pairing. PMID:25166835
An order-by-disorder process in the cyclic phase of spin-2 condensate with a weak magnetic field
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zheng, Gong-Ping; Xu, Lei-Kuan; Qin, Shuai-Feng; Jian, Wen-Tian; Liang, J.-Q.
2013-07-01
We present in this paper a model study on the "order-by-disorder" process in the cyclic phase of spin-2 condensate, which forms a family of incommensurable, spiral degenerate ground states. On the basis of the ordering mechanism of entropic splitting, it is demonstrated that the energy corrections resulting from quantum fluctuations of disorder lift the accidental degeneracy of the cyclic configurations and thus lead to an eventual spiral order called the cyclic order. The order-by-disorder phenomenon is then realized even if the magnetic field exists. Finally, we show that our theoretic observations can be verified experimentally by direct detection of the cyclic order in the 87Rb condensate of a spin-2 manifold with a weak magnetic field.
Tabrizi, Shadan Ghassemi; Arbuznikov, Alexei V; Kaupp, Martin
2016-05-10
A general giant-spin Hamiltonian (GSH) describing an effective spin multiplet of an exchange-coupled metal cluster with dominant Heisenberg interactions was derived from a many-spin Hamiltonian (MSH) by treating anisotropic interactions at the third order of perturbation theory. Going beyond the existing second-order perturbation treatment allows irreducible tensor operators of rank six (or corresponding Stevens operator equivalents) in the GSH to be obtained. Such terms were found to be of crucial importance for the fitting of high-field EPR spectra of a number of single-molecule magnets (SMMs). Also, recent magnetization measurements on trigonal and tetragonal SMMs have found the inclusion of such high-rank axial and transverse terms to be necessary to account for experimental data in terms of giant-spin models. While mixing of spin multiplets by local zero-field splitting interactions was identified as the major origin of these contributions to the GSH, a direct and efficient microscopic explanation had been lacking. The third-order approach developed in this work is used to illustrate the mapping of an MSH onto a GSH for an S=6 trigonal Fe3 Cr complex that was recently investigated by high-field EPR spectroscopy. Comparisons between MSH and GSH consider the simulation of EPR data with both Hamiltonians, as well as locations of diabolical points (conical intersections) in magnetic-field space. The results question the ability of present high-field EPR techniques to determine high-rank zero-field splitting terms uniquely, and lead to a revision of the experimental GSH parameters of the Fe3 Cr SMM. Indeed, a bidirectional mapping between MSH and GSH effectively constrains the number of free parameters in the GSH. This notion may in the future facilitate spectral fitting for highly symmetric SMMs. PMID:27062248
Stoleriu, Laurentiu E-mail: cristian.enachescu@uaic.ro; Stancu, Alexandru; Enachescu, Cristian E-mail: cristian.enachescu@uaic.ro; Chakraborty, Pradip; Hauser, Andreas
2015-05-07
The recently obtained spin-crossover nanoparticles are possible candidates for applications in the recording media industry as materials for data storage, or as pressure and temperature sensors. For these applications, the intermolecular interactions and interactions between spin-crossover nanoparticles are extremely important, as they may be essential factors in triggering the transition between the two stable phases: the high-spin and low-spin ones. In order to find correlations between the distributions in size and interactions and the transition temperatures distribution, we apply the FORC (First Order Reversal Curves) method, using simulations based on a mechanoelastic model applied to 2D triangular lattices composed of molecules linked by springs and embedded in a surfactant. We consider two Gaussian distributions: one is the size of the nanoparticles and another is the elastic interactions between edge spin-crossover molecules and the surfactant molecules. In order to disentangle the kinetic and non-kinetic parts of the FORC distributions, we compare the results obtained for different temperature sweeping rates. We also show that the presence of few larger particles in a distribution centered around much smaller particles dramatically increases the hysteresis width.
An order-by-disorder process in the cyclic phase of spin-2 condensate with a weak magnetic field
Zheng, Gong-Ping; Xu, Lei-Kuan; Qin, Shuai-Feng; Jian, Wen-Tian; Liang, J.-Q.
2013-07-15
We present in this paper a model study on the “order-by-disorder” process in the cyclic phase of spin-2 condensate, which forms a family of incommensurable, spiral degenerate ground states. On the basis of the ordering mechanism of entropic splitting, it is demonstrated that the energy corrections resulting from quantum fluctuations of disorder lift the accidental degeneracy of the cyclic configurations and thus lead to an eventual spiral order called the cyclic order. The order-by-disorder phenomenon is then realized even if the magnetic field exists. Finally, we show that our theoretic observations can be verified experimentally by direct detection of the cyclic order in the {sup 87}Rb condensate of a spin-2 manifold with a weak magnetic field. -- Highlights: •A model for the order-by-disorder process in the cyclic phase of spin-2 condensate is presented. •The second-order quantum fluctuations of the mean-field states are studied. •The energy corrections lift the accidental degeneracy of the cyclic configurations. •The order-by-disorder phenomenon is realized even if a magnetic field exists. •The theoretic observations can be verified experimentally for {sup 87}Rb condensate.
Probing the coexistence of spin density wave and superconducting orders in organic superconductors
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Narayanan, Arjun
We have conducted thermal and electrical transport measurements on the compound (TMTSF)2PF6 at temperatures down to 300 mK , magnetic fields up to 32 T and pressures up to 8 kbar. (TMTSF)2PF 6 may be tuned by pressure to exhibit a variety of low temperature ground states. From SDW at low pressures, to Superconducting metal at high pressures. In the vicinity of 6 kbar of pressure, samples show on cooling, first a SDW phase transition and then superconductivity. This coexistence of two transitions, is also seen in other material classes, for example, The Pnictides and the Heavy fermion superconductors. While in those classes the physics of simultaneous competing orders is not easy to explore, in (TMTSF)2PF 6 , owing in part to its remarkably reliable crystal growth, and its simple yet feature rich electronic structure, the situation is now clearer. Simultaneous resistivity and thermopower measurements under pressure along all three crystal axes, provide evidence for phase separation between SDW and metallic domains. The pressure evolution of the phase boundaries may also be qualitatively followed. The metallic domains in coexistence are identi ed as the high pressure metal phase by a variety of signatures in magnetoresistance( the presence of Field induced Spin density waves, Rapid oscillations, the Lebed oscillations and Danner-Chaikin-Kang oscillations.) The main result of this thesis is a characterisation of the coexistence state that allows us to eliminate various theoretical models and assert that the result of interacting SDW and Metallic orders is a phase separation into large scale domains with domain widths of the order of micrometers in these salts. Further that the domain walls follow a well defined geometry linked to the geometry of the lattice.
Development of multi-mode diabatic spin-orbit models at arbitrary order
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Weike, Thomas; Eisfeld, Wolfgang
2016-03-01
The derivation of diabatic spin-orbit (SO) Hamiltonians is presented, which are expanded in terms of nuclear coordinates to arbitrary order including the treatment of multi-mode systems, having more than one mode of the same symmetry. The derivation is based on the microscopic Breit-Pauli SO operator and the consequent utilization of time reversal and spatial symmetry transformation properties of basis functions and coordinates. The method is demonstrated for a set of 2E and 2A1 states in C3 v ∗ (double group) symmetry, once for a 3D case of one a1 and one e mode and once for a 9D case of three a1 and three e coordinates. It is shown that the general structure of the diabatic SO Hamiltonian only depends on the basis states and is strictly imposed by time reversal symmetry. The resulting matrix can be expressed easily by a power series using six parametrized structure matrices as expansion coefficients multiplied by the associated monomials in terms of symmetrized coordinates. The explicit example presented here provides a full-dimensional diabatic SO model for methyl halide cations, which will be studied in the future.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Casanova, David; Rhee, Young Min; Head-Gordon, Martin
2008-04-01
Scaled opposite spin (SOS) second order perturbative corrections to single excitation configuration interaction (CIS) are extended to correctly treat quasidegeneracies between excited states. Two viable methods, termed as SOS-CIS(D0) and SOS-CIS(D1), are defined, implemented, and tested. Each involves one empirical parameter (plus a second for the SOS-MP2 ground state), has computational cost that scales with the fourth power of molecule size, and has storage requirements that are cubic, with only quantities of the rank of single excitations produced and stored during iterations. Tests on a set of low-lying adiabatic valence excitation energies and vertical Rydberg excitations of organic and inorganic molecules show that the empirical parameter can be acceptably transferred from the corresponding nondegenerate perturbation theories without any further fitting. Further tests on higher excited states show that the new methods correctly perform for surface crossings for which nondegenerate approaches fail. Numerical results show that SOS-CIS(D0) appears to treat Rydberg excitations in a more balanced way than SOS-CIS(D1) and is, therefore, likely to be the preferred approach. It should be useful for exploring excited state geometries, transition structures, and conical intersections for states of medium to large organic molecules that are dominated by single excitations.
The stability of steady motion of magnetic domain wall: Role of higher-order spin-orbit torques
He, Peng-Bin Yan, Han; Cai, Meng-Qiu; Li, Zai-Dong
2015-12-14
The steady motion of magnetic domain wall driven by spin-orbit torques is investigated analytically in the heavy/ferromagnetic metal nanowires for three cases with a current transverse to the in-plane and perpendicular easy axis, and along the in-plane easy axis. By the stability analysis of Walker wall profile, we find that if including the higher-order spin-orbit torques, the Walker breakdown can be avoided in some parameter regions of spin-orbit torques with a current transverse to or along the in-plane easy axis. However, in the case of perpendicular anisotropy, even considering the higher-order spin-orbit torques, the velocity of domain wall cannot be efficiently enhanced by the current. Furthermore, the direction of wall motion is dependent on the configuration and chirality of domain wall with a current along the in-plane easy axis or transverse to the perpendicular one. Especially, the direction of motion can be controlled by the initial chirality of domain wall. So, if only involving the spin-orbit mechanism, it is preferable to adopt the scheme of a current along the in-plane easy axis for enhancing the velocity and controlling the direction of domain wall.
The stability of steady motion of magnetic domain wall: Role of higher-order spin-orbit torques
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
He, Peng-Bin; Yan, Han; Cai, Meng-Qiu; Li, Zai-Dong
2015-12-01
The steady motion of magnetic domain wall driven by spin-orbit torques is investigated analytically in the heavy/ferromagnetic metal nanowires for three cases with a current transverse to the in-plane and perpendicular easy axis, and along the in-plane easy axis. By the stability analysis of Walker wall profile, we find that if including the higher-order spin-orbit torques, the Walker breakdown can be avoided in some parameter regions of spin-orbit torques with a current transverse to or along the in-plane easy axis. However, in the case of perpendicular anisotropy, even considering the higher-order spin-orbit torques, the velocity of domain wall cannot be efficiently enhanced by the current. Furthermore, the direction of wall motion is dependent on the configuration and chirality of domain wall with a current along the in-plane easy axis or transverse to the perpendicular one. Especially, the direction of motion can be controlled by the initial chirality of domain wall. So, if only involving the spin-orbit mechanism, it is preferable to adopt the scheme of a current along the in-plane easy axis for enhancing the velocity and controlling the direction of domain wall.
On the definition of the spin-free cumulant of the second-order reduced density matrix
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lain, Luis; Torre, Alicia; Bochicchio, Roberto
2002-09-01
This note deals with the appropriate definition for the spin-free cumulant of the second-order reduced density matrix. Our approach leads to a direct derivation of one of the proposals reported by Kutzelnigg and Mukherjee [J. Chem. Phys. 116, 4787 (2002)] and it points out its suitability.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
... 10 Energy 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Applicable Federal Statutes, Executive Orders, and Government-wide Regulations A Appendix A to Part 603 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Pt. 603, App. A Appendix A to Part 603—Applicable Federal Statutes, Executive Orders, and...
Magnetic ordering in the ultrapure site-diluted spin chain materials SrCu1 -xNixO2
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Simutis, G.; Thede, M.; Saint-Martin, R.; Mohan, A.; Baines, C.; Guguchia, Z.; Khasanov, R.; Hess, C.; Revcolevschi, A.; Büchner, B.; Zheludev, A.
2016-06-01
The muon spin rotation technique is used to study magnetic ordering in ultrapure samples of SrCu1 -xNixO2 , an archetypical S =1 /2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain system with a small number of S =1 defects. The ordered state in the parent compound is shown to be highly homogeneous, contrary to a previous report [M. Matsuda et al., Phys. Rev. B 55, R11953 (1997), 10.1103/PhysRevB.55.R11953]. Even a minute number of Ni impurities results in inhomogeneous order and a decrease of the transition temperature. At as little as 0.5 % Ni concentration, magnetic ordering is entirely suppressed. The results are compared to previous theoretical studies of weakly coupled spin chains with site defects.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Vladimirov, A. A.; Ihle, D.; Plakida, N. M.
2015-02-01
The spin-wave excitation spectrum, magnetization, and Néel temperature for the quasi-two-dimensional spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model with the compass-model interaction in the plane proposed for iridates are calculated in the random phase approximation. The spin-wave spectrum agrees well with data of Lanczos diagonalization. We find that the Néel temperature is enhanced by the compass-model interaction and is close to the experimental value for Ba2IrO4.
Bigdeli, M.; Bordbar, G. H.; Poostforush, A.
2010-09-15
The lowest order constrained variational technique has been used to investigate some of the thermodynamic properties of spin-polarized hot asymmetric nuclear matter, such as the free energy, symmetry energy, susceptibility, and equation of state. We have shown that the symmetry energy of the nuclear matter is substantially sensitive to the value of spin polarization. Our calculations show that the equation of state of the polarized hot asymmetric nuclear matter is stiffer for higher values of the polarization as well as the isospin asymmetry parameter. Our results for the free energy and susceptibility show that spontaneous ferromagnetic phase transition cannot occur for hot asymmetric matter.
Magnetic damping and spin polarization of highly ordered B2 Co2FeAl thin films
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cui, Yishen; Lu, Jiwei; Schäfer, Sebastian; Khodadadi, Behrouz; Mewes, Tim; Osofsky, Mike; Wolf, Stuart A.
2014-08-01
Epitaxial Co2FeAl films were synthesized using the Biased Target Ion Beam Deposition technique. Post annealing yielded Co2FeAl films with an improved B2 chemical ordering. Both the magnetization and the Gilbert damping parameter were reduced with increased B2 ordering. A low damping parameter, ˜0.002, was attained in B2 ordered Co2FeAl films without the presence of the L21 Heusler phase, which suggests that the B2 structure is sufficient for providing low damping in Co2FeAl. The spin polarization was ˜53% and was insensitive to the chemical ordering.
Effective spin-1/2 scalar chiral order on kagome lattices in Nd3Sb3Mg2O14
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Scheie, A.; Sanders, M.; Krizan, J.; Qiu, Y.; Cava, R. J.; Broholm, C.
2016-05-01
We introduce Nd3Sb3Mg2O14 with ideal kagome lattices of neodymium ions in ABC stacking. Thermodynamic measurements show a Curie-Weiss temperature of ΘCW=-0.12 K, a Nd3 + spin-1/2 Kramers doublet ground state, and a second-order phase transition at TN=0.56 (2 ) K. Neutron scattering reveals noncoplanar scalar chiral k =0 magnetic order with a correlation length exceeding 400 Å=55 a and an ordered moment of 1.79 (5 ) μB . This order includes a canted ferromagnetic component perpendicular to the kagome planes favored by Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions.
Antiferromagnetic order in a semiconductor quantum well with spin-orbit coupling
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Marinescu, D. C.
2015-05-01
An argument is made on the existence of a low-temperature itinerant antiferromagnetic (AF) spin alignment, rather than persistent helical (PH), in the ground state of a two dimensional electron gas in a semiconductor quantum well with linear spin-orbit Rashba-Dresselhaus interaction at equal coupling strengths, α. This result is obtained on account of the opposite-spin single-particle state degeneracy at k = 0 that makes the spin instability possible. A theory of the resulting magnetic phase is formulated within the Hartree-Fock approximation of the Coulomb interaction. In the AF state the direction of the fractional polarization is obtained to be aligned along the displacement vector of the single-particle states.
Plötzing, M; Adam, R; Weier, C; Plucinski, L; Eich, S; Emmerich, S; Rollinger, M; Aeschlimann, M; Mathias, S; Schneider, C M
2016-04-01
The fundamental mechanism responsible for optically induced magnetization dynamics in ferromagnetic thin films has been under intense debate since almost two decades. Currently, numerous competing theoretical models are in strong need for a decisive experimental confirmation such as monitoring the triggered changes in the spin-dependent band structure on ultrashort time scales. Our approach explores the possibility of observing femtosecond band structure dynamics by giving access to extended parts of the Brillouin zone in a simultaneously time-, energy- and spin-resolved photoemission experiment. For this purpose, our setup uses a state-of-the-art, highly efficient spin detector and ultrashort, extreme ultraviolet light pulses created by laser-based high-order harmonic generation. In this paper, we present the setup and first spin-resolved spectra obtained with our experiment within an acquisition time short enough to allow pump-probe studies. Further, we characterize the influence of the excitation with femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by comparing the results with data acquired using a continuous wave light source with similar photon energy. In addition, changes in the spectra induced by vacuum space-charge effects due to both the extreme ultraviolet probe- and near-infrared pump-pulses are studied by analyzing the resulting spectral distortions. The combination of energy resolution and electron count rate achieved in our setup confirms its suitability for spin-resolved studies of the band structure on ultrashort time scales. PMID:27131684
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Plötzing, M.; Adam, R.; Weier, C.; Plucinski, L.; Eich, S.; Emmerich, S.; Rollinger, M.; Aeschlimann, M.; Mathias, S.; Schneider, C. M.
2016-04-01
The fundamental mechanism responsible for optically induced magnetization dynamics in ferromagnetic thin films has been under intense debate since almost two decades. Currently, numerous competing theoretical models are in strong need for a decisive experimental confirmation such as monitoring the triggered changes in the spin-dependent band structure on ultrashort time scales. Our approach explores the possibility of observing femtosecond band structure dynamics by giving access to extended parts of the Brillouin zone in a simultaneously time-, energy- and spin-resolved photoemission experiment. For this purpose, our setup uses a state-of-the-art, highly efficient spin detector and ultrashort, extreme ultraviolet light pulses created by laser-based high-order harmonic generation. In this paper, we present the setup and first spin-resolved spectra obtained with our experiment within an acquisition time short enough to allow pump-probe studies. Further, we characterize the influence of the excitation with femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by comparing the results with data acquired using a continuous wave light source with similar photon energy. In addition, changes in the spectra induced by vacuum space-charge effects due to both the extreme ultraviolet probe- and near-infrared pump-pulses are studied by analyzing the resulting spectral distortions. The combination of energy resolution and electron count rate achieved in our setup confirms its suitability for spin-resolved studies of the band structure on ultrashort time scales.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Harrison, Richard J.
2009-02-01
Magnetic ordering in the ilmenite-hematite solid solution (Fe2-xTixO3) has been investigated using Monte Carlo simulations, with particular emphasis on the low-temperature spin glass region of the phase diagram. Complex magnetic behavior is observed due to the presence of two competing magnetic order parameters: a "hematite-like" ordering with a two-layer repeat (Q2) and an "ilmenite-like" ordering with a four-layer repeat (Q4). The susceptibility and degree of magnetic order were calculated from the Fourier transform of the layer-averaged spin distribution, allowing long-range and short-range contributions from Q2 and Q4 to be analyzed separately. For x < 0.8, the ferrimagnetic (FM) phase remains stable down to 0 K. For x ≥ 0.8 a heterogeneous FM phase (HFM) followed by a modulated FM phase (MFM) develops. There is an increasing contribution from Q4 with increasing x, and a pronounced cusp in both Q2 and Q4 susceptibilities develops at 30 K. The superposition of Q2 and Q4 leads to frustrated layers containing dynamically disordered spins. Freezing of this spin disorder below 30 K is responsible for the cusp in susceptibility, which can be classified as a reentrant spin glass (RSG) transition. A gradual loss of long-range FM order occurs as the percolation threshold is approached, resulting in a conventional spin glass (CSG) with no long-range order below 30 K for x ≥ 0.92. For x > 0.95, a transition to an antiferromagnetic (AF) phase occurs at 40-55 K, followed by an RSG transition at 20-30 K. Changes to the phase diagram caused by chemical clustering are determined using a preannealing algorithm. Clustering expands the AF field to x > 0.9 and the HFM field to x ≥ 0.55. The topology of the simulated phase diagram compares favorably with experiments but suggests that the nature of some phase boundaries should be reexamined from both experimental and computational perspectives.
48 CFR 252.251-7000 - Ordering from Government supply sources.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-10-01
..., for automated data processing equipment, software and maintenance, communications equipment and... below: Contractor's Billing Address (include point of contact and telephone number): Government Remittance Address (include point of contact and telephone number): (End of clause)...
48 CFR 252.251-7000 - Ordering from Government supply sources.
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2014-10-01
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ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Parente, Roberto; Feola, Rosangela; Petrone, Michele
2011-01-01
This paper reports an investigation of governance issues in Italian academic spin-offs that arise from the need to balance the powers of two categories of partner: academic inventors and external investors (such as established companies and venture capital funds). The relationship between inventors and external investors, jointly pursuing a…
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2011-11-03
... Order AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION: Notice. ] SUMMARY: It is the policy of the Commission to publish settlements which it provisionally accepts under the Consumer Product Safety Act in the... that TMG is harmful if swallowed, and that, upon ingestion, it targets the kidneys and central...
Damped spin waves in the intermediate ordered phases in Ni_{3}V_{2}O_{8}
Ehlers, Georg; Podlesnyak, Andrey A.; Frontzek, Matthias D.; Pushkarev, A. V.; Shiryaev, Sergie V.; Barilo, Sergie
2015-06-09
Here, spin dynamics in the intermediate ordered phases (between 4 and 9 K) in Ni_{3}V_{2}O_{8} have been studied with inelastic neutron scattering. It is found that the spin waves are very diffuse, indicative of short lived correlations and the coexistence of paramagnetic moments with the long-range ordered state.
Long-range orders and spin/orbital freezing in the two-band Hubbard model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Steiner, Karim; Hoshino, Shintaro; Nomura, Yusuke; Werner, Philipp
2016-08-01
We solve the orbitally degenerate two-band Hubbard model within dynamical mean field theory and map out the instabilities to various symmetry-broken phases based on an analysis of the corresponding lattice susceptibilities. Phase diagrams as a function of the Hund coupling parameter J are obtained both for the model with rotationally invariant interaction and for the model with Ising-type anisotropy. For negative J , an intraorbital spin-singlet superconducting phase appears at low temperatures, while the normal state properties are characterized by an orbital-freezing phenomenon. This is the negative-J analog of the recently discovered fluctuating-moment induced s -wave spin-triplet superconductivity in the spin-freezing regime of multiorbital models with J >0 .
Dispersionless Spin Waves and Underlying Field-Induced Magnetic Order in Gadolinium Gallium Garnet.
d'Ambrumenil, N; Petrenko, O A; Mutka, H; Deen, P P
2015-06-01
We report the results of neutron diffraction and inelastic neutron scattering on a powder sample of Gd_{3}Ga_{5}O_{12} at high magnetic fields. Analysis of the diffraction data shows that in high fields (B≳1.8 T) the spins are not fully aligned, but are canted slightly as a result of the dipolar interaction. The magnetic phase for fields ≲1.8 T is characterized by antiferromagnetic peaks at (210) and an incommensurate wave vector. The dominant contribution to inelastic scattering at large momentum transfers is from a band of almost dispersionless excitations. We show that these correspond to the spin waves localized on ten site rings, expected on the basis of nearest neighbor exchange interaction, and that the spectrum at high fields B≳1.8 T is well described by a spin wave theory. PMID:26196642
Orbital-spin order and the origin of structural distortion in MgTi2O4
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Leoni, S.; Yaresko, A. N.; Perkins, N.; Rosner, H.; Craco, L.
2008-09-01
We analyze electronic, magnetic, and structural properties of the spinel compound MgTi2O4 using the local-density approximation+U method. We show how MgTi2O4 undergoes to a canted orbital-spin ordered state, where charge, spin, and orbital degrees of freedom are frozen in a geometrically frustrated network by electron interactions. In our picture orbital order stabilizes the magnetic ground state and controls the degree of structural distortions. The latter is dynamically derived from the cubic structure in the correlated LDA+U potential. Our ground-state theory provides a consistent picture for the dimerized phase of MgTi2O4 , and might be applicable to frustrated materials in general.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wang, Qing-Wei; Liu, Da-Yong; Quan, Ya-Min; Zou, Liang-Jian
2016-08-01
We theoretically study the coexistence of spin density wave (SDW) and superconductivity (SC) in ironpnictide superconductors based on a three-orbital model, focusing on the momentum-space and real-space distributions of SDW and SC order parameters in the coexistence region. We show that a SDW-SC coexisting state lies in the T-n phase diagram, in qualitative agreement with those of NaFe1 - xCoxAs and Ba(Fe1 - xCox)2As2. In the SC state the pairing wavefunction has s± symmetry with sx2y2 and sx2+y2 components. In the coexisting state, the SDW and SC order parameters display strong orbital-selective competitions in momentum space, which also result in real-space modulation and spin singlet-triplet mixing in the Cooper pairing amplitude. We expect that the obtained features may be observed in future experiments.
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2011-01-01
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Size-dependent magnetic ordering and spin-dynamics in DyPO4 and GdPO4 nanoparticles
Evangelisti, Marco; Sorop, Tibi G; Bakharev, Oleg N; Visser, Dirk; Hillier, Adrian D.; Alonso, Juan; Haase, Markus; Boatner, Lynn A; De Jongh, L. Jos
2011-01-01
Low-temperature magnetic susceptibility and heat capacity measurements on nanoparticles (d 2.6 nm) of the antiferromagnetic compounds DyPO4 (TN = 3:4 K) and GdPO4 (TN = 0:77 K) provide clear demonstrations of finite-size effects, which limit the divergence of the magnetic correlation lengths, thereby suppressing the bulk long-range magnetic ordering transitions. Instead, the incomplete antiferromagnetic order inside the particles leads to the formation of net magnetic moments on the particles. For the nanoparticles of Ising-type DyPO4 superparamagnetic blocking is found in the ac-susceptibility at 1 K, those of the XY-type GdPO4 analogue show a dipolar spin-glass transition at 0:2 K. Monte Carlo simulations for the magnetic heat capacities of both bulk and nanoparticle samples are in agreement with the experimental data. Strong size effects are also apparent in the Dy3+ and Gd3+ spin-dynamics, which were studied by zero-field SR relaxation and high-field 31P-NMR nuclear relaxation measurements. The freezing transitions observed in the ac-susceptibility of the nanoparticles also appear as peaks in the temperature dependence of the zero-field SR rates, but at slightly higher temperatures - as to be expected from the higher frequency of the muon probe. For both bulk and nanoparticles of GdPO4, the muon and 31P-NMR rates are for T 5 K dominated by exchange-narrowed hyperfine broadening arising from the electron spin-spin interactions inside the particles. The dipolar hyperfine interactions acting on the muons and the 31P are, however, much reduced in the nanoparticles. For the DyPO4 analogues the high-temperature rates appear to be fully determined by electron spin-lattice relaxation processes.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wu, Ya-Jie; Li, Ning; He, Jing; Kou, Su-Peng
2016-03-01
In this paper, based on mean-field approach and random-phase-approximation, we study the magnetic properties of the repulsive Haldane-Hubbard model on a square lattice. We find antiferromagnetic order driven topological spin density waves beyond Landau’s symmetry-breaking paradigm, for which the effective low energy physics is determined by Chern-Simons-Hopf gauge field theories with different K matrices.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lewoczko, April D.
In part I, we investigate gold catalysis in the chemistry of organonitrogen compounds. We examine the adsorption of oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur atoms on the gold (111), (100) and (211) surfaces using density functional theory (DFT). Sulfur atoms bind most strongly, followed by oxygen and nitrogen atoms with stronger adsorption for greater coordination to the surface. We see a trend of stronger adsorption to undercoordinated gold, but find it is non-universal with the adsorption strength trend: (111) > (211) > (100). We consider the diffusion of oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur adatoms and find facile long-range diffusion of oxygen atoms on the (100) surface. Lastly, we compare the adsorption of methylamine on gold to that of a selection of alkylamines, methanol and methanethiol. In each case, the ontop site is preferred with stronger adsorption at low coordinated gold. At oxygen atom coverages of 0.125 -- 0.25 ML on Au (111), we find cooperative adsorption of methylamine and oxygen atoms. Energetic costs for adsorbate tilt from the surface normal and rotation about the gold-nitrogen bond are calculated. While methylamine rotation is barrierless on the (111) and (211) surfaces, it has a low energetic barrier for the 0.125 ML and 0.25 ML O atom pre-covered Au (111) surfaces. In part II, we interpret the experimental mass spectrum of small gas phase manganese sulfide clusters using DFT and elucidate the role of ionicity and spin ordering in sizes with special stability, i.e. magic clusters. We first consider nine low lying minima (MnS)6 structures and reveal antiferromagnetic (AFM) spin ordering with a ˜0.1 eV/pair AFM energy benefit and a ˜0.1 A shrinkage of average Mn-Mn distances over clusters with ferromagnetic (FM) spin ordering. We calculate energetic barriers for interconversion between the two lowest lying (MnS)6 isomers and predict an elevated cluster melting temperature due to increased configurational entropy in a pre-melted state. Second, we demonstrate the
Libery, Order and Justice: An Introduction to the Constitutional Principles of American Government.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
McClellan, James
This publication on the constitutional principles of the U.S. Government consists of the textbook and teacher's guide. The textbook begins with a review of constitutionalism in antiquity, in early modern England, and in colonial America. Following sections outline the constitutional convention in Philadelphia, the principles of the constitution,…
Spin dynamics, short range order and spin freezing in Y0.5Ca0.5BaCo4O7
Stewart, John Ross; Ehlers, Georg; Fouquet, Peter; Mutka, Hannu; Payen, Christophe; Lortz, Rolf
2011-01-01
Y0.5Ca0.5BaCo4O7 was recently introduced as a possible candidate for capturing some of the predicted classical spin kagome ground-state features. Stimulated by this conjecture, we have taken up a more complete study of the spin correlations in this compound with neutron scattering methods on a powder sample characterized with high-resolution neutron diffraction and the temperature dependence of magnetic susceptibility and specific heat. We have found that the frustrated near-neighbor magnetic correlations involve not only the kagome planes but concern the full Co sublattice, as evidenced by the analysis of the wave-vector dependence of the short-range order. We conclude from our results that the magnetic moments are located on the Co sublattice as a whole and that correlations extend beyond the two-dimensional kagome planes. We identify intriguing dynamical properties, observing high-frequency fluctuations with a Lorentzian linewidth G?20 meV at ambient temperature. On cooling a low-frequency ({approx}1 meV) dynamical component develops alongside the high-frequency fluctuations, which eventually becomes static at temperatures below T {approx} 50 K. The high-frequency response with an overall linewidth of {approx}10 meV prevails at T?2 K, coincident with a fully elastic short-range-ordered contribution.
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Spin-driven ordering of Cr in the equiatomic high entropy alloy NiFeCrCo
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Niu, C.; Zaddach, A. J.; Oni, A. A.; Sang, X.; Hurt, J. W.; LeBeau, J. M.; Koch, C. C.; Irving, D. L.
2015-04-01
Spin-driven ordering of Cr in an equiatomic fcc NiFeCrCo high entropy alloy (HEA) was predicted by first-principles calculations. Ordering of Cr is driven by the reduction in energy realized by surrounding anti-ferromagnetic Cr with ferromagnetic Ni, Fe, and Co in an alloyed L12 structure. The fully Cr-ordered alloyed L12 phase was predicted to have a magnetic moment that is 36% of that for the magnetically frustrated random solid solution. Three samples were synthesized by milling or casting/annealing. The cast/annealed sample was found to have a low temperature magnetic moment that is 44% of the moment in the milled sample, which is consistent with theoretical predictions for ordering. Scanning transmission electron microscopy measurements were performed and the presence of ordered nano-domains in cast/annealed samples throughout the equiatomic NiFeCrCo HEA was identified.
Spin-driven ordering of Cr in the equiatomic high entropy alloy NiFeCrCo
Niu, C.; Zaddach, A. J.; Oni, A. A.; Sang, X.; LeBeau, J. M.; Koch, C. C.; Irving, D. L.; Hurt, J. W.
2015-04-20
Spin-driven ordering of Cr in an equiatomic fcc NiFeCrCo high entropy alloy (HEA) was predicted by first-principles calculations. Ordering of Cr is driven by the reduction in energy realized by surrounding anti-ferromagnetic Cr with ferromagnetic Ni, Fe, and Co in an alloyed L1{sub 2} structure. The fully Cr-ordered alloyed L1{sub 2} phase was predicted to have a magnetic moment that is 36% of that for the magnetically frustrated random solid solution. Three samples were synthesized by milling or casting/annealing. The cast/annealed sample was found to have a low temperature magnetic moment that is 44% of the moment in the milled sample, which is consistent with theoretical predictions for ordering. Scanning transmission electron microscopy measurements were performed and the presence of ordered nano-domains in cast/annealed samples throughout the equiatomic NiFeCrCo HEA was identified.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Calderón Bustillo, Juan; Husa, Sascha; Sintes, Alicia M.; Pürrer, Michael
2016-04-01
Current template-based gravitational wave searches for compact binary coalescences use waveform models that omit the higher order modes content of the gravitational radiation emitted, considering only the quadrupolar (ℓ,|m |)=(2 ,2 ) modes. We study the effect of such omission for the case of aligned-spin compact binary coalescence searches for equal-spin (and nonspinning) binary black holes in the context of two versions of Advanced LIGO: the upcoming 2015 version, known as early Advanced LIGO (eaLIGO) and its zero-detuned high-energy power version, which we will refer to as Advanced LIGO (AdvLIGO). In addition, we study the case of a nonspinning search for initial LIGO (iLIGO). We do this via computing the effectualness of the aligned-spin SEOBNRv1 reduced order model waveform family, which only considers quadrupolar modes, toward hybrid post-Newtonian/numerical relativity waveforms which contain higher order modes. We find that for all LIGO versions losses of more than 10% of events occur in the case of AdvLIGO for mass ratio q ≥6 and total mass M ≥100 M⊙ due to the omission of higher modes, this region of the parameter space being larger for eaLIGO and iLIGO. Moreover, while the maximum event loss observed over the explored parameter space for AdvLIGO is of 15% of events, for iLIGO and eaLIGO, this increases up to (39,23)%. We find that omission of higher modes leads to observation-averaged systematic parameter biases toward lower spin, total mass, and chirp mass. For completeness, we perform a preliminar, nonexhaustive comparison of systematic biases to statistical errors. We find that, for a given signal-to-noise ratio, systematic biases dominate over statistical errors at much lower total mass for eaLIGO than for AdvLIGO.
Vekic, M.; Cannon, J.W.; Scalapino, D.J.; Scalettar, R.T.; Sugar, R.L. Physics Department, Centenary College, 2911 Centenary Boulevard, Shreveport, Louisiana 71104 Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 )
1995-03-20
We study the two-dimensional periodic Anderson model at half filling using quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) techniques. The ground state undergoes a magnetic order-disorder transition as a function of the effective exchange coupling between the conduction and localized bands. Low-lying spin and charge excitations are determined using the maximum entropy method to analytically continue the QMC data. At finite temperature we find a competition between the Kondo effect and antiferromagnetic order which develops in the localized band through Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida interactions.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kardash, Maria E.; Dzuba, Sergei A.
2014-12-01
Lipid-cholesterol interactions are responsible for different properties of biological membranes including those determining formation in the membrane of spatial inhomogeneities (lipid rafts). To get new information on these interactions, electron spin echo (ESE) spectroscopy, which is a pulsed version of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), was applied to study 3β-doxyl-5α-cholestane (DCh), a spin-labeled analog of cholesterol, in phospholipid bilayer consisted of equimolecular mixture of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine. DCh concentration in the bilayer was between 0.1 mol.% and 4 mol.%. For comparison, a reference system containing a spin-labeled 5-doxyl-stearic acid (5-DSA) instead of DCh was studied as well. The effects of "instantaneous diffusion" in ESE decay and in echo-detected (ED) EPR spectra were explored for both systems. The reference system showed good agreement with the theoretical prediction for the model of spin labels of randomly distributed orientations, but the DCh system demonstrated remarkably smaller effects. The results were explained by assuming that neighboring DCh molecules are oriented in a correlative way. However, this correlation does not imply the formation of clusters of cholesterol molecules, because conventional continuous wave EPR spectra did not show the typical broadening due to aggregation of spin labels and the observed ESE decay was not faster than in the reference system. So the obtained data evidence that cholesterol molecules at low concentrations in biological membranes can interact via large distances of several nanometers which results in their orientational self-ordering.
Kardash, Maria E.; Dzuba, Sergei A.
2014-12-07
Lipid-cholesterol interactions are responsible for different properties of biological membranes including those determining formation in the membrane of spatial inhomogeneities (lipid rafts). To get new information on these interactions, electron spin echo (ESE) spectroscopy, which is a pulsed version of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), was applied to study 3β-doxyl-5α-cholestane (DCh), a spin-labeled analog of cholesterol, in phospholipid bilayer consisted of equimolecular mixture of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine. DCh concentration in the bilayer was between 0.1 mol.% and 4 mol.%. For comparison, a reference system containing a spin-labeled 5-doxyl-stearic acid (5-DSA) instead of DCh was studied as well. The effects of “instantaneous diffusion” in ESE decay and in echo-detected (ED) EPR spectra were explored for both systems. The reference system showed good agreement with the theoretical prediction for the model of spin labels of randomly distributed orientations, but the DCh system demonstrated remarkably smaller effects. The results were explained by assuming that neighboring DCh molecules are oriented in a correlative way. However, this correlation does not imply the formation of clusters of cholesterol molecules, because conventional continuous wave EPR spectra did not show the typical broadening due to aggregation of spin labels and the observed ESE decay was not faster than in the reference system. So the obtained data evidence that cholesterol molecules at low concentrations in biological membranes can interact via large distances of several nanometers which results in their orientational self-ordering.
DOUBLE TRANSVERSE SPIN ASYMMETRIES AT NEXT-TO-LEADING ORDER IN QCD.
MUKHERJEE,A.; STRATMANN,M.; VOGELSANG,W.
2004-10-10
We present a technique to calculate the cross sections and spin asymmetries for transversely polarized pp collisions at NLO in QCD and report on the use of this technique for the processes p{up_arrow}p{up_arrow} {yields} {gamma}X, p{up_arrow}p{up_arrow} {yields} {pi}X and p{up_arrow}p{up_arrow} {yields} {ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -} X.
Spin and orbital ordering in Y_{1-x}La_{x}VO₃
Yan, J.-Q.; Zhou, J.-S.; Cheng, J. G.; Goodenough, J. B.; Ren, Y.; Llobet, A.; McQueeney, R. J.
2011-12-02
The spin and orbital ordering in Y_{1-x}La_{x}VO₃ (0.30 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) has been studied to map out the phase diagram over the whole doping range 0 ≤ x ≤ 1. The phase diagram is compared with that for RVO₃ (R = rare earth or Y) perovskites without A-site variance. For x > 0.20, no long-range orbital ordering was observed above the magnetic ordering temperature T_{N}; the magnetic order is accompanied by a lattice anomaly at a Tt ≤ T_{N} as in LaVO₃. The magnetic ordering below Tt ≤ T_{N} is G type in the compositional range 0.20 ≤ x ≤ 0.40 and C type in the range 0.738 ≤ x ≤ 1.0. Magnetization and neutron powder diffraction measurements point to the coexistence below T_{N} of the two magnetic phases in the compositional range 0.4 < x < 0.738. Samples in the compositional range 0.20 < x ≤ 1.0 are characterized by an additional suppression of a glasslike thermal conductivity in the temperature interval T_{N} < T < T* and a change in the slope of 1/χ(T). We argue that T* represents a temperature below which spin and orbital fluctuations couple together via λL∙S.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cheng, Lan; Gauss, Jürgen
2011-06-01
We report an analytical scheme for the calculation of first-order electrical properties using the spin-free Dirac-Coulomb (SFDC) Hamiltonian, thereby exploiting the well-developed density-matrix formulations in nonrelativistic coupled-cluster (CC) derivative theory. Orbital relaxation effects are fully accounted for by including the relaxation of the correlated orbitals with respect to orbitals of all types, viz., frozen-core, occupied, virtual, and negative energy state orbitals. To demonstrate the applicability of the presented scheme, we report benchmark calculations for first-order electrical properties of the hydrogen halides, HX with X = F, Cl, Br, I, At, and a first application to the iodo(fluoro)methanes, CHnF3 - nI, n = 0-3. The results obtained from the SFDC calculations are compared to those from nonrelativistic calculations, those obtained via leading-order direct perturbation theory as well as those from full Dirac-Coulomb calculations. It is shown that the full inclusion of spin-free (SF) relativistic effects is necessary to obtain accurate first-order electrical properties in the presence of fifth-row elements. The SFDC scheme is also recommended for applications to systems containing lighter elements because it introduces no extra cost in the rate-determining steps of a CC calculation in comparison to the nonrelativistic case. On the other hand, spin-orbit contributions are generally small for first-order electrical properties of closed-shell molecules and may be handled efficiently by means of perturbation theory.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bozkaya, Uǧur
2011-12-01
In this research, orbital-optimized third-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory (OMP3) and its spin-component and spin-opposite scaled variants (SCS-OMP3 and SOS-OMP3) are introduced. Using a Lagrangian-based approach, an efficient, quadratically convergent algorithm for variational optimization of the molecular orbitals (MOs) for third-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP3) is presented. Explicit equations for response density matrices, the MO gradient, and Hessian are reported in spin-orbital form. The OMP3, SCS-OMP3, and SOS-OMP3 approaches are compared with the second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2), MP3, coupled-cluster doubles (CCD), optimized-doubles (OD), and coupled-cluster singles and doubles (CCSD) methods. All these methods are applied to the O4 +, O3, and seven diatomic molecules. Results demonstrate that the OMP3 and its variants provide significantly better vibrational frequencies than MP3, CCSD, and OD for the molecules where the symmetry-breaking problems are observed. For O4 +, the OMP3 prediction, 1343 cm-1, for ω6 (b3u) mode, where symmetry-breaking appears, is even better than presumably more reliable methods such as Brueckner doubles (BD), 1194 cm-1, and OD, 1193 cm-1, methods (the experimental value is 1320 cm-1). For O3, the predictions of SCS-OMP3 (1143 cm-1) and SOS-OMP3 (1165 cm-1) are remarkably better than the more robust OD method (1282 cm-1); the experimental value is 1089 cm-1. For the seven diatomics, again the SCS-OMP3 and SOS-OMP3 methods provide the lowest average errors, |Δωe| = 44 and |Δωe| = 35 cm-1, respectively, while for OD, |Δωe| = 161 cm-1and CCSD |Δωe| = 106 cm-1. Hence, the OMP3 and especially its spin-scaled variants perform much better than the MP3, CCSD, and more robust OD approaches for considered test cases. Therefore, considering both the computational cost and the reliability, SCS-OMP3 and SOS-OMP3 appear to be the best methods for the symmetry-breaking cases, based on
Magnetic damping and spin polarization of highly ordered B2 Co{sub 2}FeAl thin films
Cui, Yishen; Lu, Jiwei; Schäfer, Sebastian; Khodadadi, Behrouz; Mewes, Tim; Osofsky, Mike; Wolf, Stuart A.
2014-08-21
Epitaxial Co{sub 2}FeAl films were synthesized using the Biased Target Ion Beam Deposition technique. Post annealing yielded Co{sub 2}FeAl films with an improved B2 chemical ordering. Both the magnetization and the Gilbert damping parameter were reduced with increased B2 ordering. A low damping parameter, ∼0.002, was attained in B2 ordered Co{sub 2}FeAl films without the presence of the L2{sub 1} Heusler phase, which suggests that the B2 structure is sufficient for providing low damping in Co{sub 2}FeAl. The spin polarization was ∼53% and was insensitive to the chemical ordering.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Uemura, Y. J.; Kossler, W. J.; Kempton, J. R.; Yu, X. H.; Schone, H. E.; Opie, D.; Stronach, C. E.; Brewer, J. H.; Kiefl, R. F.; Kreitzman, S. R.
1988-01-01
Muon spin rotation and neutron scattering studies on powder and single-crystal specimens of La2CuO(4-y) are compared. The apparent difference between the muon and neutron results for the ordered moment in the antiferromagnetic state is interpreted as the signature of increasingly short-ranged spatial spin correlations with increasing oxygen content.
Glass-like recovery of antiferromagnetic spin ordering in a photo-excited manganite Pr0.7Ca0.3MnO3
Zhou, S.Y.; Langner, M.C.; Zhu, Y.; Chuang, Y.-D.; Rini, M.; Glover, T.E.; Hertlein, M.P.; Gonzalez, A.G. Cruz; Tahir, N.; Tomioka, Y.; Tokura, Y.; Hussain, Z.; Schoenlein, R.W.
2014-01-16
Electronic orderings of charges, orbitals and spins are observed in many strongly correlated electron materials, and revealing their dynamics is a critical step toward understanding the underlying physics of important emergent phenomena. Here we use time-resolved resonant soft x-ray scattering spectroscopy to probe the dynamics of antiferromagnetic spin ordering in the manganite Pr0:7Ca0:3MnO3 following ultrafast photo-exitation. Our studies reveal a glass-like recovery of the spin ordering and a crossover in the dimensionality of the restoring interaction from quasi-1D at low pump fluence to 3D at high pump fluence. This behavior arises from the metastable state created by photo-excitation, a state characterized by spin disordered metallic droplets within the larger charge- and spin-ordered insulating domains. Comparison with time-resolved resistivity measurements suggests that the collapse of spin ordering is correlated with the insulator-to-metal transition, but the recovery of the insulating phase does not depend on the re-establishment of the spin ordering.
Draeger, Guenter; Machek, Pavel
2003-01-24
We report the first experimental spin projections of empty partial density of states in antiferromagnetic NiO and CuO, paramagnetic MnO and in ferrimagnetic Dy3Fe5O12 by means of resonant X-ray scattering (RXS). Resolving resonantly scattered K{alpha}1,2 , K{beta}1,3 , L{alpha}1 and L1 core line spectra into their spin-up and spin-down components the spin character of the dipole- and quadrupole-excited conduction band states can quantitatively be analyzed. Since the method employs spin conservation in the RXS process and local spin references, it needs neither circularly polarized radiation nor sample magnetization for measuring the spectra. Hence, antiferro- and paramagnetic materials can be investigated as well. In the paper, the basic idea of the novel method, its experimental realization and the data treatment are reported including the spectra decomposition into the spin-up and spin-down components by using Principal Component Analysis (PCA). New and unambiguous results will be presented providing the opportunity to verify experimentally the results of spin-dependent (LSDA+U) calculations. So we argue the new spectroscopy complements X-ray magnetic dichroism, which is silent for antiferro- and paramagnetic materials. In fact, the novel method gives insight into the spin polarization of conduction band states in correlated materials, independently on their magnetic ordering.
Grabowski, Ireneusz Śmiga, Szymon; Buksztel, Adam; Fabiano, Eduardo; Teale, Andrew M.; Sala, Fabio Della
2014-07-14
The performance of correlated optimized effective potential (OEP) functionals based on the spin-resolved second-order correlation energy is analysed. The relative importance of singly- and doubly- excited contributions as well as the effect of scaling the same- and opposite- spin components is investigated in detail comparing OEP results with Kohn–Sham (KS) quantities determined via an inversion procedure using accurate ab initio electronic densities. Special attention is dedicated in particular to the recently proposed scaled-opposite–spin OEP functional [I. Grabowski, E. Fabiano, and F. Della Sala, Phys. Rev. B 87, 075103 (2013)] which is the most advantageous from a computational point of view. We find that for high accuracy, a careful, system dependent, selection of the scaling coefficient is required. We analyse several size-extensive approaches for this selection. Finally, we find that a composite approach, named OEP2-SOSh, based on a post-SCF rescaling of the correlation energy can yield high accuracy for many properties, being comparable with the most accurate OEP procedures previously reported in the literature but at substantially reduced computational effort.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Huang, Cheng-Yi; Lin, Hsin; Wang, Yung Jui; Bansil, Arun; Tsai, Wei-Feng
2016-05-01
We have investigated spin reorientation phenomena and interaction-driven effects under the presence of applied strains on the (001) surface of Pb1 -xSnx (Te, Se) topological crystalline insulators, which host multiple Dirac cones. Our analysis is based on a four-band k .p model, which captures the spin and orbital textures of the surface states at low energies around the X ¯ and Y ¯ points, including the Lifshitz transition. Even without breaking the time-reversal symmetry, we find that certain strains that break the mirror symmetry can induce a hedgehoglike spin texture associated with gap formation at the Dirac points. The Chern number of the gapped surface ground state is shown to be tunable through the interplay of strains and a perpendicular Zeeman field. We also consider the effects of strain in the presence of interactions in driving competing orders, and we obtain the associated phase diagram at the mean-field level. Potential applications of our results for low power consuming electronics are discussed.
Charge and Spin Ordering in Insulator Na0.5CoO2: Effects of Correlation and Symmetry
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lee, Kwan-Woo; Pickett, Warren
2006-03-01
The discovery by Takada and coworkers of superconductivity in Na0.3CoO21.3 H2O near 5K has led to extensive studies of the rich variation of properties in the NaxCoO2 system (0.2 <=x <=1), which has a triangular lattice of Co sites and a layered structure. In addition, specifically at x=0.5, the system has been observed to undergo a charge disproportionation (2Co^3.5+ -> Co^3++Co^4+) and metal-insulator transition at 50 K, while the rest of the phase diagram is metallic. We will present results of studies of charge disproportionation and charge- and spin-ordering in insulating in Na0.5CoO2, applying ab initio band theory including correlations due to intra-atomic repulsion. Various ordering patterns (zigzag and two striped) for four-Co supercells are analyzed before focusing on the observed ``out-of-phase stripe'' pattern of antiferromagnetic Co^4+ spins along charge-ordered stripes. This pattern relieves frustration and shows distinct analogies with the cuprate layers: a bipartite lattice of antialigned spins, with axes at 90^o angles. Substantial distinctions with cuprates are also discussed, including the tiny gap of a new variant of ``charge transfer'' type within the Co 3d system. [References] [1] K. Takada et al., Nature 422, 53 (2003). [2] M. L. Foo et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 92,247001 (2004). [3] K.-W. Lee, J. Kunes, P. Novak, and W. E. Pickett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 026403 (2005). [4] K.-W. Lee and W. E. Pickett, cond-mat/0510555.
Evidence of local structural order and spin-lattice coupling in the frustrated pyrochlore Y2Ru2O7
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Castellano, C.; Berti, G.; Sanna, S.; Ruiz-Bustos, R.; van Duijn, J.; Brambilla, A.; Muñoz-Noval, Á.; Carretta, P.; Duò, L.; Demartin, F.
2015-06-01
We present an extended x-ray absorption fine structure study of the pyrochlore Y2Ru2O7 (8-298 K). We find evidence, on a local scale, of a significant magnetoelastic coupling at the Néel temperature TN˜77 K pointed out by a huge Debye-Waller σ2 factor deviation from a correlated temperature dependent Debye-like local order behavior plus a temperature independent static contribution. Moreover, we notice the occurrence of a potential local order-disorder structural phase transition at T*=150 K. This anomalous behavior is consistent with the pyrochlore's predisposition towards structural disorder and with a strong spin-phonon correlation. Remarkably the low-temperature order competes with the tendency of magnetic frustration to induce a less symmetric local structure.
Magnetic order in α -RuCl3 : A honeycomb-lattice quantum magnet with strong spin-orbit coupling
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sears, J. A.; Songvilay, M.; Plumb, K. W.; Clancy, J. P.; Qiu, Y.; Zhao, Y.; Parshall, D.; Kim, Young-June
2015-04-01
We report magnetic and thermodynamic properties of single crystal α -RuCl3 , in which the Ru3+(4 d5) ion is in its low spin state and forms a honeycomb lattice. Two features are observed in both magnetic susceptibility and specific heat data; a sharp peak at 7 K and a broad hump near 10-15 K. In addition, we observe a metamagnetic transition between 5 and 10 T. Our neutron diffraction study of single crystal samples confirms that the low temperature peak in the specific heat is associated with a magnetic order with unit cell doubling along the honeycomb (100) direction, which is consistent with zigzag order, one of the types of magnetic order predicted within the framework of the Kitaev-Heisenberg model.
Gaffney, B J; Marsh, D
1998-10-27
The EPR spectra of spin-labeled lipid chains in fully hydrated bilayer membranes of dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine containing 40 mol % of cholesterol have been studied in the liquid-ordered phase at a microwave radiation frequency of 94 GHz. At such high field strengths, the spectra should be optimally sensitive to lateral chain ordering that is expected in the formation of in-plane domains. The high-field EPR spectra from random dispersions of the cholesterol-containing membranes display very little axial averaging of the nitroxide g-tensor anisotropy for lipids spin labeled toward the carboxyl end of the sn-2 chain (down to the 8-C atom). For these positions of labeling, anisotropic 14N-hyperfine splittings are resolved in the gzz and gyy regions of the nonaxial EPR spectra. For positions of labeling further down the lipid chain, toward the terminal methyl group, the axial averaging of the spectral features systematically increases and is complete at the 14-C atom position. Concomitantly, the time-averaged
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Takashima, Hirokazu; Ishihara, Sumio
2010-03-01
In order to study for novel spin and charge orders in strongly correlated electron systems in frustrated lattices,we investigated extended Hubbard model in 2 dimensional (2D) checkerboard and triangular lattices using the functional renormalization group method(fRG) with an improved algorithm [1]. In this method, both the quantum effect and the geometrical frustration effect at finite temperature are taken into account properly. Non-monotonic temperature dependence of the spin susceptibility was observed both in the models . In a 2D isotropic triangular lattice at half-filling, divergence of the particle-particle channel vertex functions was observed in a region of the intermediate value of the on-site Coulomb interaction. We have also investigated the extended Hubbard model with long-range Coulomb interactions. A possibility of the ferromagnetic order and calculations with including the self-energy correction will be introduced .[1] H. Takashima, R. Arita, K. Kuroki, and H. Aoki, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser, 150, 052261 (2009)
Tuning Effects of Spin-Orbit Coupling in L10 Ordered and Disordered FePdPt Films
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fan, W. J.; Shi, Z.; Chen, F. L.; Zhou, S. M.
2015-09-01
Effects of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) on magnetocrystalline anisotropy, magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE), magnetic damping parameter and anomalous Hall effect (AHE) have been studied in theory extensively. In contrast, few experimental reports have appeared on these issues. In this review paper, we introduce our recent experimental investigation on the SOC tuning effects on the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy, polar MOKE, intrinsic magnetic damping parameter and AHE in L10 ordered Fe0.5(Pd1-xPtx)0.5 ternary alloys. We also outline the SOC effects in polycrystalline disordered Fe0.5(Pd1-xPtx)0.5 films for comparison.
Long-range magnetic order and spin-lattice coupling in delafossite CuFeO2
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Eyert, Volker; Frésard, Raymond; Maignan, Antoine
2008-08-01
The electronic and magnetic properties of the delafossite CuFeO2 are investigated by means of electronic structure calculations. They are performed using density functional theory in the generalized gradient approximation, as well as the new full-potential augmented spherical wave method. The calculations reveal three different spin states at the iron sites. Using for the first time the experimentally determined low-temperature crystal structure, we find long-range antiferromagnetic ordering in agreement with experiment. In addition, our calculations show that nonlocal interactions as covered by the generalized gradient approximation lead to a semiconducting ground state.
Magnetic orders and spin-flop transitions in the cobalt doped multiferroic $\\rm Mn_{1-x}Co_{x}WO_4$
Chi, Songxue; Fernandez-Baca, Jaime A; Cao, Huibo; Liang, K. C.; Wang, Y. Q.; Lorenz, Bernd; Chu, C. W.
2012-01-01
We present a comprehensive single crystal neutron diffraction investigation of the $\\rm Mn_{1-x}Co_{x}WO_4$ with $0.02\\leq x \\leq0.30$. At lower concentration $x \\leq 0.05$, the system is quickly driven into the multiferroic phase with spin structure forming an elliptical spiral order similar to the parent compound. The reduction of electric polarization is ascribed to the tilting of the spiral plane. For $x\\sim 0.075$, the magnetic structure undergoes a spin flop transition that is characterized by a sudden rotation of the spin helix envelope into the $ac$ plane. This spin structure persists for concentration up to $x=0.15$, where additional competing magnetic orders appear at low temperature. For $0.17 \\leq x \\leq 0.30$, the system experiences another spin flop transition and recovers the low-$x$ spiral spin configuration. A simple commensurate spin structure with $\\vec{q}=(0.5,0,0)$ is found to coexist with the incommensurate spiral order. The complex evolution of magnetic structure in Co doped $\\rm MnWO_4$ contrasts sharply with other transition metal ion doped $\\rm Mn_{1-x}A_xWO_4$ (A=Zn, Mg, Fe) where the chemical substitutions stabilize only one type of magnetic structure. The rich phase diagram of $\\rm Mn_{1-x}Co_{x}WO_4 $ results from the interplay between magnetic frustration and spin anisotropy of the Co ions.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bohé, Alejandro; Faye, Guillaume; Marsat, Sylvain; Porter, Edward K.
2015-10-01
We investigate the dynamics of spinning binaries of compact objects at the next-to-leading order in the quadratic-in-spin effects, which corresponds to the third post-Newtonian order (3PN). Using a Dixon-type multipolar formalism for spinning point particles endowed with spin-induced quadrupoles and computing iteratively in harmonic coordinates the relevant pieces of the PN metric within the near zone, we derive the post-Newtonian equations of motion as well as the equations of spin precession. We find full equivalence with available results. We then focus on the far-zone field produced by those systems and obtain the previously unknown 3PN spin contributions to the gravitational-wave energy flux by means of the multipolar post-Minkowskian wave generation formalism. Our results are presented in the center-of-mass frame for generic orbits, before being further specialized to the case of spin-aligned, circular orbits. Based on the energy balance equation, we derive the orbital phase of the binary at the order 3PN including all conservative spin effects and briefly discuss the relevance of the new terms.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Raghuvanshi, Nimisha; Singh, Avinash
2010-10-01
Spin waves in the (0, π) and (0, π, π) ordered spin-density-wave (SDW) states of the t-t' Hubbard model are investigated at finite doping. In the presence of small t', these composite ferro-antiferromagnetic (F-AF) states are found to be strongly stabilized at finite hole doping due to enhanced carrier-induced ferromagnetic spin couplings as in metallic ferromagnets. Anisotropic spin-wave velocities, a spin-wave energy scale of around 200 meV, reduced magnetic moment and rapid suppression of magnetic order with electron doping x (corresponding to F substitution of O atoms in LaO1 - xFxFeAs or Ni substitution of Fe atoms in BaFe2 - xNixAs2) obtained in this model are in agreement with observed magnetic properties of doped iron pnictides.
Field-controlled spin-density-wave order and quantum critically in Sr3 Ru2 O7
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hayden, Stephen
The quasi-2D metamagnetic perovskite metal Sr3Ru2O7 has been an enigma for the last decade. The application of a large magnetic field of 8T parallel to the c-axis creates a new phase at low temperatures. This phase shows ``electronic nematic'' properties in that strong anisotropy its resistivity can be created by tilting the field away from the c-axis. In addition, measurement of transport and thermodynamic properties suggest that the phase is at the centre of a quantum critical region. Here we use neutron scattering to show that the magnetic field actually induces spin-density-wave magnetic order in the proximity of a metamagnetic critical endpoint. In fact, Sr3Ru2O7 can be tuned through two magnetically-ordered SDW states which exist over relatively small ranges in field (< 0.4 T). Their origin is probably due to the electronic fine structure near the Fermi energy. The magnetic field direction is shown to control the SDW domain populations which naturally explains the strong resistivity anisotropy or ''electronic nematic'' behaviour observed in this material. We find that Sr3Ru2O7 is also unique in that its the quantum critical region is controlled by overdamped incommensurate low-energy spin fluctuations with a diverging relaxation time. The low-energy electronic properties reflect the presence of these fluctuations and, in particular, the field-dependent low-temperature specific heat is proportional to the spin relaxation rate. [Based on C. Lester, S. Ramos, R. S. Perry at el. Natural Materials 14, 373 (2015).
Zhang, Qiang; Fernandes, Rafael M.; Lamsal, Jagat; Yan, Jiaqiang; Chi, Songxue; Tucker, Gregory S.; Pratt, Daniel K.; Lynn, Jeffrey W.; McCallum, R. W.; Canfield, Paul C.; et al
2015-02-04
Inelastic neutron scattering is employed to investigate the impact of electronic nematic order on the magnetic spectra of LaFeAsO and Ba(Fe0.953Co0.047)2As2. These materials are ideal to study the paramagnetic-nematic state, since the nematic order, signaled by the tetragonal-to-orthorhombic transition at TS, sets in well above the stripe antiferromagnetic ordering at TN. We find that the temperature-dependent dynamic susceptibility displays an anomaly at TS followed by a sharp enhancement in the spin-spin correlation length, revealing a strong feedback effect of nematic order on the low-energy magnetic spectrum. As a result, our findings can be consistently described by a model that attributesmore » the structural or nematic transition to magnetic fluctuations, and unveils the key role played by nematic order in promoting the long-range stripe antiferromagnetic order in iron pnictides.« less
Ferromagnetic ordered phase of quantum spin ice system Yb2Ti2O7 under [001] magnetic field
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Hamachi, Noriaki; Yasui, Yukio; Araki, Koji; Kittaka, Shunichiro; Sakakibara, Toshiro
2016-05-01
Measurements of magnetization (M) and specific heat (C) under a [001] magnetic field were carried out on a single crystal of a quantum spin ice system Yb2Ti2O7 in order to investigate a feature of the transition occurred at TC ˜ 0.2 K. As a result of applying the magnetic field μ0H < 0.1 T, the C/T - T curve structure and transition temperature barely changed. On the other hand, applying the more than 0.1 T magnetic field, the C/T - T curve structure drastically change from sharp peak structure to broad peak one, and the broad peak temperature of C/T - T curves linearly increases with increasing magnetic field (H). In the magnetic field μ0H < 0.1 T, the magnetization drastically increases around TC ˜ 0.2 K with decreasing T, and a thermal hysteresis loop of the M - T curve is observed. With increasing H, the thermal hysteresis loop of the M - T curves disappears above μ0HC = 0.1 T. We can understand these results, where Yb2Ti2O7 exhibits a first-order ferromagnetic transition associated with the latent heat corresponding to the energy of μ0HC = 0.1 T. Basis of the H - T phase diagram along [001] magnetic field, the feature of the transition occurred at TC ˜ 0.2 K in quantum spin ice system Yb2Ti2O7 is discussed.
Elastic Membrane Deformations Govern Interleaflet Coupling of Lipid-Ordered Domains.
Galimzyanov, Timur R; Molotkovsky, Rodion J; Bozdaganyan, Marine E; Cohen, Fredric S; Pohl, Peter; Akimov, Sergey A
2015-08-21
The mechanism responsible for domain registration in two membrane leaflets has thus far remained enigmatic. Using continuum elasticity theory, we show that minimum line tension is achieved along the rim between thicker (ordered) and thinner (disordered) domains by shifting the rims in opposing leaflets by a few nanometers relative to each other. Increasing surface tension yields an increase in line tension, resulting in larger domains. Because domain registration is driven by lipid deformation energy, it does not require special lipid components or interactions at the membrane midplane. PMID:26340212
ELASTIC MEMBRANE DEFORMATIONS GOVERN INTERLEAFLET COUPLING OF LIPID-ORDERED DOMAINS
Galimzyanov, Timur R.; Molotkovsky, Rodion J.; Bozdaganyan, Marine E.; Cohen, Fredric S.; Pohl, Peter; Akimov, Sergey A.
2016-01-01
The mechanism responsible for domain registration in two membrane leaflets has thus far remained enigmatic. Using continuum elasticity theory, we show that minimum line tension is achieved along the rim between thicker (ordered) and thinner (disordered) domains by shifting the rims in opposing leaflets by a few nanometers relative to each other. Increasing surface tension yields an increase in line tension, resulting in larger domains. Because domain registration is driven by lipid deformation energy, it does not require special lipid components nor interactions at the membrane midplane. PMID:26340212
Magnetic ordering and spin-reorientation transitions in TbCo{sub 3}B{sub 2}
Dubman, Moshe; Caspi, El'ad N.; Ettedgui, Hanania; Keller, Lukas; Melamud, Mordechai; Shaked, Hagai
2005-07-01
The magnetic structure of the compound TbCo{sub 3}B{sub 2} has been studied in the temperature range 1.5 K{<=}T{<=}300 K by means of neutron powder diffraction, magnetization, magnetic ac susceptibility, and heat capacity measurements. The compound is of hexagonal symmetry and is paramagnetic at 300 K, undergoes a magnetic Co-Co ordering transition at {approx}170 K, and a second magnetic Tb-Tb ordering transition at {approx}30 K. The latter induces a spin-reorientation transition, in which the magnetic axis rotates from the c axis toward the basal plane. Below this transition a symmetry decrease ({gamma} magnetostriction) sets in, leading to an orthorhombic distortion of the crystal lattice. The crystal and magnetic structures and interactions and their evolution with temperature are discussed using a microscopic physical model.
Comment on "Elastic Membrane Deformations Govern Interleaflet Coupling of Lipid-Ordered Domains"
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Williamson, J. J.; Olmsted, P. D.
2016-02-01
In lieu of abstract, first paragraph reads: Galimzyanov et al. [1] find that line tension between thick liquid-ordered ($L_{o}$) and thinner liquid-disordered ($L_{d}$) registered lipid bilayer phases is minimised by an asymmetric "slip region", length $L\\!\\sim\\!5\\,\\textrm{nm}$ (Fig. 1). They claim that line tensions alone explain domain registration, without "direct" (area-dependent) inter-leaflet interaction [2,3]. We show this is unfounded, without direct interaction their results would predict \\textit{antiregistration}, dependent on composition. To find equilibrium from line energies, line \\textit{tensions} must be combined with interfacial lengths for given states at given composition. This was not done in [1].
Adaptive rheology and ordering of cell cytoskeleton govern matrix rigidity sensing
Gupta, Mukund; Sarangi, Bibhu Ranjan; Deschamps, Joran; Nematbakhsh, Yasaman; Callan-Jones, Andrew; Margadant, Felix; Mège, René-Marc; Lim, Chwee Teck; Voituriez, Raphaël; Ladoux, Benoît
2015-01-01
Matrix rigidity sensing regulates a large variety of cellular processes and has important implications for tissue development and disease. However, how cells probe matrix rigidity, and hence respond to it, remains unclear. Here, we show that rigidity sensing and adaptation emerge naturally from actin cytoskeleton remodeling. Our in vitro experiments and theoretical modeling demonstrate a bi-phasic rheology of the actin cytoskeleton, which transitions from fluid on soft substrates to solid on stiffer ones. Furthermore, we find that increasing substrate stiffness correlates with the emergence of an orientational order in actin stress fibers, which exhibit an isotropic to nematic transition that we characterize quantitatively in the framework of active matter theory. These findings imply mechanisms mediated by a large-scale reinforcement of actin structures under stress, which could be the mechanical drivers of substrate stiffness dependent cell shape changes and cell polarity. PMID:26109233
Investigation of spin ordering in antiferromagnetic Fe1-xMnxPO4 with Mössbauer spectroscopy
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Jun Kwon, Woo; Wha Lee, Bo; Sung Kim, Chul
2013-05-01
We have investigated the spin ordering in Fe1-xMnxPO4, which is a possible cathode material for rechargeable lithium ion battery, with antiferromagnetic structure below Néel temperature (TN). The prepared Fe1-xMnxPO4 (x = 0.0, 0.1, and 0.3) samples have orthorhombic structures with space group of Pnma. These samples show the magnetic phase transition, caused by the strong crystalline field at the MO6 octahedral sites. According to the temperature dependence of magnetic susceptibility of Fe1-xMnxPO4, all samples show antiferromagnetic behaviors. The Néel temperature (TN) decreases from 114 K at x = 0.0 to 97 K at x = 0.3 with Mn concentrations. The magnetization of Fe1-xMnxPO4 decreases until the temperature reaches the spin-reorientation (TS) temperature, and then starts increasing as the temperature increases up to TN. The TS of the Fe1-xMnxPO4 were found to be 30, 27, and 24 K for x = 0.0, 0.1, and 0.3. In order to investigate the hyperfine interaction of Fe3+ ions in FeO6 octahedral sites, Mössbauer spectra of Fe1-xMnxPO4 have been taken at various temperatures from 4.2 to 295 K. The isomer shift (δ) values of the Fe1-xMnxPO4 were between 0.31 and 0.43 mm/s, indicating the high spin state of Fe3+ at all temperatures. The magnetic hyperfine field (Hhf) and electric quadrupole splitting (ΔEQ) values of Fe0.9Mn0.1PO4 at 4.2 K were determined to be Hhf = 498 kOe and ΔEQ = 2.1 mm/s. We have also observed the abrupt changes in Hhf and ΔEQ at 27 K for Fe0.9Mn0.1PO4, and decrease the value of TS of Fe1-xMnxPO4 with Mn concentrations. Our study suggests that these changes in Fe1-xMnxPO4 are originated from the strong electric crystalline field and spin-orbit coupling of FeO6 octahedral site.
NMR probing of spin and charge order near odd-integer filling in the second Landau level
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Rhone, T. D.; Tiemann, L.; Muraki, K.
2015-07-01
Studies of spin degrees of freedom near odd-integer filling ν =3 in the second Landau level have engendered conflicting accounts of the spin properties in this regime. Using resistively detected NMR as a probe of local spin density, we explore the nature of the ground state in the quantum Hall regime near ν =3 . Our Knight shift measurements reveal anomalies in NMR spectral line shapes near ν =3 , which demonstrate the presence of solid phases formed from charged quasiparticles, with maximal spin polarization (i.e., no additional spin flips) at each ν . The long nuclear spin relaxation times demonstrate the absence of Skyrmions, or spin textures, in this phase. On the basis of these observations, we attempt to reconcile conflicting reports on the quasiparticle properties and spin wave excitations at ν ˜3 , which may engender new paradigms for the understanding of spin excitations in a collinear ferromagnet with broken translational symmetry.
Maurice, Rémi; Réal, Florent; Gomes, André Severo Pereira; Vallet, Valérie; Montavon, Gilles; Galland, Nicolas
2015-03-01
The nature of chemical bonds in heavy main-group diatomics is discussed from the viewpoint of effective bond orders, which are computed from spin-orbit wave functions resulting from spin-orbit configuration interaction calculations. The reliability of the relativistic correlated wave functions obtained in such two-step spin-orbit coupling frameworks is assessed by benchmark studies of the spectroscopic constants with respect to either experimental data, or state-of-the-art fully relativistic correlated calculations. The I2, At2, IO(+), and AtO(+) species are considered, and differences and similarities between the astatine and iodine elements are highlighted. In particular, we demonstrate that spin-orbit coupling weakens the covalent character of the bond in At2 even more than electron correlation, making the consideration of spin-orbit coupling compulsory for discussing chemical bonding in heavy (6p) main group element systems. PMID:25747079
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Maurice, Rémi; Réal, Florent; Gomes, André Severo Pereira; Vallet, Valérie; Montavon, Gilles; Galland, Nicolas
2015-03-01
The nature of chemical bonds in heavy main-group diatomics is discussed from the viewpoint of effective bond orders, which are computed from spin-orbit wave functions resulting from spin-orbit configuration interaction calculations. The reliability of the relativistic correlated wave functions obtained in such two-step spin-orbit coupling frameworks is assessed by benchmark studies of the spectroscopic constants with respect to either experimental data, or state-of-the-art fully relativistic correlated calculations. The I2, At2, IO+, and AtO+ species are considered, and differences and similarities between the astatine and iodine elements are highlighted. In particular, we demonstrate that spin-orbit coupling weakens the covalent character of the bond in At2 even more than electron correlation, making the consideration of spin-orbit coupling compulsory for discussing chemical bonding in heavy (6p) main group element systems.
Stan, Raluca-Maria; Gaina, Roxana; Enachescu, Cristian E-mail: radu.tanasa@uaic.ro; Stancu, Alexandru; Tanasa, Radu E-mail: radu.tanasa@uaic.ro; Bronisz, Robert
2015-05-07
In this paper, we analyze two types of hysteresis in spin crossover molecular magnets compounds in the framework of the First Order Reversal Curve (FORC) method. The switching between the two stable states in these compounds is accompanied by hysteresis phenomena if the intermolecular interactions are higher than a threshold. We have measured the static thermal hysteresis (TH) and the kinetic light induced thermal hysteresis (LITH) major loops and FORCs for the polycrystalline Fe(II) spin crossover compound [Fe{sub 1−x}Zn{sub x}(bbtr){sub 3}](ClO{sub 4}){sub 2} (bbtr = 1,4-di(1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)butane), either in a pure state (x = 0) or doped with Zn ions (x = 0.33) considering different sweeping rates. Here, we use this method not only to infer the domains distribution but also to disentangle between kinetic and static components of the LITH and to estimate the changes in the intermolecular interactions introduced by dopants. We also determined the qualitative relationship between FORC distributions measured for TH and LITH.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Wang, Yuxuan; Cho, Gil Young; Hughes, Taylor L.; Fradkin, Eduardo
2016-04-01
We analyze the superconducting instabilities in the vicinity of the quantum-critical point of an inversion symmetry breaking order. We first show that the fluctuations of the inversion symmetry breaking order lead to two degenerate superconducting (SC) instabilities, one in the s -wave channel, and the other in a time-reversal invariant odd-parity pairing channel (the simplest case being the same as the of 3He-B phase). Remarkably, we find that unlike many well-known examples, the selection of the pairing symmetry of the condensate is independent of the momentum-space structure of the collective mode that mediates the pairing interaction. We found that this degeneracy is a result of the existence of a conserved fermionic helicity χ , and the two degenerate channels correspond to even and odd combinations of SC order parameters with χ =±1 . As a result, the system has an enlarged symmetry U (1 ) ×U (1 ) , with each U (1 ) corresponding to one value of the helicity χ . Because of the enlarged symmetry, this system admits exotic topological defects such as a fractional quantum vortex, which we show has a Majorana zero mode bound at its core. We discuss how the enlarged symmetry can be lifted by small perturbations, such as the Coulomb interaction or Fermi surface splitting in the presence of broken inversion symmetry, and we show that the resulting superconducting state can be topological or trivial depending on parameters. The U (1 ) ×U (1 ) symmetry is restored at the phase boundary between the topological and trivial SC states, and allows for a transition between topologically distinct SC phases without the vanishing of the order parameter. We present a global phase diagram of the superconducting states and discuss possible experimental implications.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Levchenko, A.; Vavilov, M. G.; Khodas, M.; Chubukov, A. V.
2013-04-01
Recent measurements of the doping dependence of the London penetration depth λ(x) at low T in clean samples of isovalent BaFe2(As1-xPx)2 at T≪Tc [Hashimoto et al., Science 336, 1554 (2012)SCIEAS0036-8075] revealed a peak in λ(x) near optimal doping x=0.3. The observation of the peak at T≪Tc, points to the existence of a quantum critical point beneath the superconducting dome. We associate such a quantum critical point with the onset of a spin-density-wave order and show that the renormalization of λ(x) by critical magnetic fluctuations gives rise to the observed feature. We argue that the case of pnictides is conceptually different from a one-component Galilean invariant Fermi liquid, for which correlation effects do not cause the renormalization of the London penetration depth at T=0.