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1

State building energy codes status  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the State Building Energy Codes Status prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC06-76RL01830 and dated September 1996. The U.S. Department of Energy`s Office of Codes and Standards has developed this document to provide an information resource for individuals interested in energy efficiency of buildings and the relevant building energy codes in each state and U.S. territory. This is considered to be an evolving document and will be updated twice a year. In addition, special state updates will be issued as warranted.

NONE

1996-09-01

2

76 FR 42688 - Updating State Residential Building Energy Efficiency Codes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...reduce this lighting energy use by about 25%. b. Building Envelope Thermal Measures The 2009 IECC...changes that improve energy efficiency in the building...that directly reduces energy efficiency. Insulation...outside the building thermal envelope are...

2011-07-19

3

75 FR 54131 - Updating State Residential Building Energy Efficiency Codes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...could reduce lighting energy use by about 25%. Building Envelope Thermal Measures The 2009 IECC...changes that improve energy...that directly reduces energy efficiency. Insulation...outside the building thermal envelope are...

2010-09-03

4

77 FR 29322 - Updating State Residential Building Energy Efficiency Codes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Estimated To Increase Energy Efficiency Building Thermal Envelope Improvements...this does not change the thermal requirements, it may...which would improve energy performance by reducing air leaks and thermal bypasses. Baffles...

2012-05-17

5

76 FR 64924 - Updating State Residential Building Energy Efficiency Codes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Estimated To Increase Energy Efficiency Building Thermal Envelope Improvements...this does not change the thermal requirements, it may...which would improve energy performance by reducing air leaks and thermal bypasses. Baffles...

2011-10-19

6

Building Codes and Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This brief document from David Cohan includes some information on building codes and standards. The purpose of building codes and standards is defined, and how they relate to energy and sustainability topics is also explored. This document would be useful for instructors looking for some notes on how to incorporate building codes and standards into their class work, or for students looking to learn more about the topic. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

Cohan, David

7

Texas State Building Energy Code: Analysis of Potential Benefits and Costs of Commercial Lighting Requirements  

SciTech Connect

The State Energy Conservation Office of Texas has asked the U.S. Department of Energy to analyze the potential energy effect and cost-effectiveness of the lighting requirements in the 2003 IECC as they consider adoption of this energy code. The new provisions of interest in the lighting section of IECC 2003 include new lighting power densities (LPD) and requirements for automatic lighting shutoff controls. The potential effect of the new LPD values is analyzed as a comparison with previous values in the nationally available IECC codes and ASHRAE/IESNA 90.1. The basis for the analysis is a set of lighting models developed as part of the ASHRAE/IES code process, which is the basis for IECC 2003 LPD values. The use of the models allows for an effective comparison of values for various building types of interest to Texas state. Potential effects from control requirements are discussed, and available case study analysis results are provided but no comprehensive numerical evaluation is provided in this limited analysis effort.

Richman, Eric E.; Belzer, David B.; Winiarski, David W.

2005-09-15

8

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Korea  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Korea, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial buildings in Korea.

Evans, Meredydd; McJeon, Haewon C.; Shui, Bin; Lee, Seung Eon

2009-04-17

9

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Australia  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Australia, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial and residential buildings in Australia.

Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-02

10

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in India  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America. This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in India, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes in India, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial buildings in India.

Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-07

11

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in China  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in China, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope and HVAC) for commercial and residential buildings in China.

Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd; Lin, H.; Jiang, Wei; Liu, Bing; Song, Bo; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-15

12

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Japan  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Japan, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial and residential buildings in Japan.

Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Takagi, T.

2009-04-15

13

1994 Building energy codes and standards workshops: Summary and documentation  

SciTech Connect

During the spring of 1994, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Codes and Standards, conducted five two-day Regional Building Energy Codes and Standards workshops across the United States. Workshops were held in Chicago, Philadelphia, Atlanta, Dallas, and Denver. The workshops were designed to benefit state-level officials including staff of building code commissions, energy offices, public utility commissions, and others involved with adopting/updating, implementing, and enforcing state building codes in their states. The workshops provided an opportunity for state and other officials to learn more about the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) requirements for residential and commercial building energy codes, the Climate Change Action Plan, the role of the U.S. Department of Energy and the Building Energy Standards Program at Pacific Northwest Laboratory, the commercial and residential codes and standards, the Home Energy Rating Systems (HERS), Energy Efficient Mortgages (EEM), training issues, and other topics related to the development, adoption, implementation, and enforcement of building energy codes. In addition to receiving information on the above topics, workshop participants were also encouraged to inform DOE of their needs, particularly with regard to implementing building energy codes, enhancing current implementation efforts, and building on training efforts already in place. This paper documents the workshop findings and workshop planning and follow-up processes.

Sandahl, L.J.; Shankle, D.L.

1994-09-01

14

1995 building energy codes and standards workshops: Summary and documentation  

SciTech Connect

During the spring of 1995, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted four two-day Regional Building Energy Codes and Standards workshops across the US. Workshops were held in Chicago, Denver, Rhode Island, and Atlanta. The workshops were designed to benefit state-level officials including staff of building code commissions, energy offices, public utility commissions, and others involved with adopting/updating, implementing, and enforcing building energy codes in their states. The workshops provided an opportunity for state and other officials to learn more about residential and commercial building energy codes and standards, the role of the US Department of Energy and the Building Standards and Guidelines Program at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Home Energy Rating Systems (HERS), Energy Efficient Mortgages (EEM), training issues, and other topics related to the development, adoption, implementation, and enforcement of building energy codes. Participants heard success stories, got tips on enforcement training, and received technical support materials. In addition to receiving information on the above topics, workshop participants had an opportunity to provide input on code adoption issues, building industry training issues, building design issues, and exemplary programs across the US. This paper documents the workshop planning, findings, and follow-up processes.

Sandahl, L.J.; Shankle, D.L.

1996-02-01

15

Impacts of lateral code changes associated with the 2006 International Building Code and the 2008 California Building Code  

E-print Network

The 2008 California Building Code (CBC) will adopt the structural section of the 2006 International Building Code (IBC), which includes alterations to the procedure to determine earthquake design loading, and a drastic ...

Ratley, Desirée Page

2007-01-01

16

Technology Innovation and Building Energy Codes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The primary objective of this dissertation is to add insight on the following general question: Has public policy stimulated energy-related technological change in buildings? Greater understanding of how policy influences technological change in the building sector can translate into better-designed policy mechanisms, ultimately accelerating innovation and adoption of energy-saving technologies. These technologies can enable building users to reduce their energy consumption and associated environmental impacts. This research addresses this general question using a case study of building controls technology, and poses the following specific research question: Has the use of building energy codes stimulated adoption of building controls? Building controls can be used in any type of building, of any vintage, and in any location; the systems come in a variety of configurations with a common objective; and they affect major sources of building energy consumption. Since they are used in both residential and commercial sectors, both of these sectors are included in the analysis. To address this research question, data are assembled from diverse sources and analyzed in multiple ways. The chapters proceed in a sequence that adds insight on individual aspects of the process of innovation in building controls. Chapter 1 reviews the literature on technological change, the characteristics of the building industry, and related energy policy. Chapter 2 uses patent citation data to characterize invention. Chapter 3 measures trends in technology prices to assess innovation. Chapter 4 uses federal commercial and residential building surveys to measure diffusion. Chapter 5 examines building energy code policies, selected for their relatively long history, widespread use, and relevance to building controls. In Chapter 6, data from Chapters 2 through 5 are used as inputs to a regression model to identify the effect of policy on adoption of the technology. Findings are discussed in Chapter 7. The results show that total commercial square footage or total residential homes, cumulative depreciated patents, and the price of the technology are the most consistent significant predictors of EMCS and PT adoption. Building energy codes and their enforcement offered mixed results, with more consistent evidence of a positive effect on PT adoption.

Altwies, Joy E.

17

Energy codes and the building design process: Opportunities for improvement  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy Act (EPAct), passed by Congress in 1992, requires states to adopt building energy codes for new commercial buildings that meet or exceed the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) and Illuminating Engineers Society of North America (IES) Standard 90.1-1989 by October 24, 1994. In response to EPAct many states will be adopting a state-wide energy code for the first time. Understanding the role of stakeholders in the building design process is key to the successful implementation of these codes. In 1993, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) conducted a survey of architects and designers to determine how much they know about energy codes, to what extent energy-efficiency concerns influence the design process, and how they convey information about energy-efficient designs and products to their clients. Findings of the PNL survey, together with related information from a survey by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and other reports, are presented in this report. This information may be helpful for state and utility energy program managers and others who will be involved in promoting the adoption and implementation of state energy codes that meet the requirements of EPAct.

Sandahl, L.J.; Shankle, D.L.; Rigler, E.J.

1994-05-01

18

Building Energy Efficiency in India: Compliance Evaluation of Energy Conservation Building Code  

SciTech Connect

India is experiencing unprecedented construction boom. The country doubled its floorspace between 2001 and 2005 and is expected to add 35 billion m2 of new buildings by 2050. Buildings account for 35% of total final energy consumption in India today, and building energy use is growing at 8% annually. Studies have shown that carbon policies will have little effect on reducing building energy demand. Chaturvedi et al. predicted that, if there is no specific sectoral policies to curb building energy use, final energy demand of the Indian building sector will grow over five times by the end of this century, driven by rapid income and population growth. The growing energy demand in buildings is accompanied by a transition from traditional biomass to commercial fuels, particularly an increase in electricity use. This also leads to a rapid increase in carbon emissions and aggravates power shortage in India. Growth in building energy use poses challenges to the Indian government. To curb energy consumption in buildings, the Indian government issued the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) in 2007, which applies to commercial buildings with a connected load of 100 kW or 120kVA. It is predicted that the implementation of ECBC can help save 25-40% of energy, compared to reference buildings without energy-efficiency measures. However, the impact of ECBC depends on the effectiveness of its enforcement and compliance. Currently, the majority of buildings in India are not ECBC-compliant. The United Nations Development Programme projected that code compliance in India would reach 35% by 2015 and 64% by 2017. Whether the projected targets can be achieved depends on how the code enforcement system is designed and implemented. Although the development of ECBC lies in the hands of the national government – the Bureau of Energy Efficiency under the Ministry of Power, the adoption and implementation of ECBC largely relies on state and local governments. Six years after ECBC’s enactment, only two states and one territory out of 35 Indian states and union territories formally adopted ECBC and six additional states are in the legislative process of approving ECBC. There are several barriers that slow down the process. First, stakeholders, such as architects, developers, and state and local governments, lack awareness of building energy efficiency, and do not have enough capacity and resources to implement ECBC. Second, institution for implementing ECBC is not set up yet; ECBC is not included in local building by-laws or incorporated into the building permit process. Third, there is not a systematic approach to measuring and verifying compliance and energy savings, and thus the market does not have enough confidence in ECBC. Energy codes achieve energy savings only when projects comply with codes, yet only few countries measure compliance consistently and periodic checks often indicate poor compliance in many jurisdictions. China and the U.S. appear to be two countries with comprehensive systems in code enforcement and compliance The United States recently developed methodologies measuring compliance with building energy codes at the state level. China has an annual survey investigating code compliance rate at the design and construction stages in major cities. Like many developing countries, India has only recently begun implementing an energy code and would benefit from international experience on code compliance. In this paper, we examine lessons learned from the U.S. and China on compliance assessment and how India can apply these lessons to develop its own compliance evaluation approach. This paper also provides policy suggestions to national, state, and local governments to improve compliance and speed up ECBC implementation.

Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd; Delgado, Alison

2014-03-26

19

A Comparative Study on Seismic Analysis of Bangladesh National Building Code (BNBC) with Other Building Codes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tectonic framework of Bangladesh and adjoining areas indicate that Bangladesh lies well within an active seismic zone. The after effect of earthquake is more severe in an underdeveloped and a densely populated country like ours than any other developed countries. Bangladesh National Building Code (BNBC) was first established in 1993 to provide guidelines for design and construction of new structure subject to earthquake ground motions in order to minimize the risk to life for all structures. A revision of BNBC 1993 is undergoing to make this up to date with other international building codes. This paper aims at the comparison of various provisions of seismic analysis as given in building codes of different countries. This comparison will give an idea regarding where our country stands when it comes to safety against earth quake. Primarily, various seismic parameters in BNBC 2010 (draft) have been studied and compared with that of BNBC 1993. Later, both 1993 and 2010 edition of BNBC codes have been compared graphically with building codes of other countries such as National Building Code of India 2005 (NBC-India 2005), American Society of Civil Engineering 7-05 (ASCE 7-05). The base shear/weight ratios have been plotted against the height of the building. The investigation in this paper reveals that BNBC 1993 has the least base shear among all the codes. Factored Base shear values of BNBC 2010 are found to have increased significantly than that of BNBC 1993 for low rise buildings (?20 m) around the country than its predecessor. Despite revision of the code, BNBC 2010 (draft) still suggests less base shear values when compared to the Indian and American code. Therefore, this increase in factor of safety against the earthquake imposed by the proposed BNBC 2010 code by suggesting higher values of base shear is appreciable.

Bari, Md. S.; Das, T.

2013-09-01

20

76 FR 56413 - Building Energy Codes Cost Analysis  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...equipment and systems, and lighting systems. Depending on how building energy codes evolve, it may be necessary...lighting systems, building mechanical systems, and building renewable energy systems. The database would...

2011-09-13

21

FALCON BUILDING LIST BY CODE rev 03-01-13 Bldg Code Bldg Name PROPERTY  

E-print Network

FALCON BUILDING LIST BY CODE rev 03-01-13 Bldg Code Bldg Name PROPERTY 5 Anatomy Chemistry CAMPUS-5-155 Page 1 of 24 #12;FALCON BUILDING LIST BY CODE rev 03-01-13 Bldg Code Bldg Name PROPERTY 160-Fischer Hall CAMPUS-284 Page 2 of 24 #12;FALCON BUILDING LIST BY CODE rev 03-01-13 Bldg Code Bldg Name PROPERTY

Sharp, Kim

22

An Analysis of Statewide Adoption Rates of Building Energy Code by Local Jurisdictions  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study is to generally inform the U.S. Department of Energy’s Building Energy Codes Program of the local, effective energy code adoption rate for a sample set of 21 states, some which have adopted statewide codes and some that have not. Information related to the residential energy code adoption process and status at the local jurisdiction was examined for each of the states. Energy code status information was gathered for approximately 2,800 jurisdictions, which effectively covered approximately 80 percent of the new residential building construction in the 21 states included in the study.

Cort, Katherine A.; Butner, Ryan S.

2012-12-31

23

Technical Options for Energy Conservation in Buildings. National Conference of States on Building Codes and Standards and National Bureau of Standards Joint Emergency Workshop on Energy Conservation in Buildings. (Washington, D.C., June 19, 1973) NBS Technical Note 789.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this report is to provide reference material on the technical options for energy conservation in buildings. Actions pertinent to existing buildings and new buildings are considered separately. Regarding existing buildings, principal topics include summer cooling, winter heating, and other energy-related features such as insulation,…

National Bureau of Standards (DOC), Washington, DC. Inst. for Applied Technology.

24

Evaluating the benefits of commercial building energy codes and improving federal incentives for code adoption.  

PubMed

The federal government has the goal of decreasing commercial building energy consumption and pollutant emissions by incentivizing the adoption of commercial building energy codes. Quantitative estimates of code benefits at the state level that can inform the size and allocation of these incentives are not available. We estimate the state-level climate, environmental, and health benefits (i.e., social benefits) and reductions in energy bills (private benefits) of a more stringent code (ASHRAE 90.1-2010) relative to a baseline code (ASHRAE 90.1-2007). We find that reductions in site energy use intensity range from 93 MJ/m(2) of new construction per year (California) to 270 MJ/m(2) of new construction per year (North Dakota). Total annual benefits from more stringent codes total $506 million for all states, where $372 million are from reductions in energy bills, and $134 million are from social benefits. These total benefits range from $0.6 million in Wyoming to $49 million in Texas. Private benefits range from $0.38 per square meter in Washington State to $1.06 per square meter in New Hampshire. Social benefits range from $0.2 per square meter annually in California to $2.5 per square meter in Ohio. Reductions in human/environmental damages and future climate damages account for nearly equal shares of social benefits. PMID:25383692

Gilbraith, Nathaniel; Azevedo, Inês L; Jaramillo, Paulina

2014-12-16

25

ICAN Computer Code Adapted for Building Materials  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Lewis Research Center has been involved in developing composite micromechanics and macromechanics theories over the last three decades. These activities have resulted in several composite mechanics theories and structural analysis codes whose applications range from material behavior design and analysis to structural component response. One of these computer codes, the Integrated Composite Analyzer (ICAN), is designed primarily to address issues related to designing polymer matrix composites and predicting their properties - including hygral, thermal, and mechanical load effects. Recently, under a cost-sharing cooperative agreement with a Fortune 500 corporation, Master Builders Inc., ICAN was adapted to analyze building materials. The high costs and technical difficulties involved with the fabrication of continuous-fiber-reinforced composites sometimes limit their use. Particulate-reinforced composites can be thought of as a viable alternative. They are as easily processed to near-net shape as monolithic materials, yet have the improved stiffness, strength, and fracture toughness that is characteristic of continuous-fiber-reinforced composites. For example, particlereinforced metal-matrix composites show great potential for a variety of automotive applications, such as disk brake rotors, connecting rods, cylinder liners, and other hightemperature applications. Building materials, such as concrete, can be thought of as one of the oldest materials in this category of multiphase, particle-reinforced materials. The adaptation of ICAN to analyze particle-reinforced composite materials involved the development of new micromechanics-based theories. A derivative of the ICAN code, ICAN/PART, was developed and delivered to Master Builders Inc. as a part of the cooperative activity.

Murthy, Pappu L. N.

1997-01-01

26

Reusable State Machine Code Generator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The State Machine model is frequently used to represent the behaviour of a system, allowing one to express and execute this behaviour in a deterministic way. A graphical representation such as a UML State Chart diagram tames the complexity of the system, thus facilitating changes to the model and communication between developers and domain experts. We present a reusable state machine code generator, developed by the Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María and the European Southern Observatory. The generator itself is based on the open source project architecture, and uses UML State Chart models as input. This allows for a modular design and a clean separation between generator and generated code. The generated state machine code has well-defined interfaces that are independent of the implementation artefacts such as the middle-ware. This allows using the generator in the substantially different observatory software of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array and the ESO Very Large Telescope. A project-specific mapping layer for event and transition notification connects the state machine code to its environment, which can be the Common Software of these projects, or any other project. This approach even allows to automatically create tests for a generated state machine, using techniques from software testing, such as path-coverage.

Hoffstadt, A. A.; Reyes, C.; Sommer, H.; Andolfato, L.

2010-12-01

27

Potential Job Creation in Rhode Island as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes  

SciTech Connect

Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

2013-09-01

28

Potential Job Creation in Minnesota as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes  

SciTech Connect

Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

2013-09-01

29

Potential Job Creation in Tennessee as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes  

SciTech Connect

Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

2013-09-01

30

Potential Job Creation in Nevada as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes  

SciTech Connect

Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

2013-09-01

31

SALT steady state systems code  

Microsoft Academic Search

A steady state system code has been developed at ANL and has been used to analyze or evaluate the following technologies: open cycle magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), liquid metal MHD, fuel cells, combined cycle coal gasification plants, pulverized coal fired power plants with flue gas desulfurization, pressurized and atmospheric fluidized bed combustion plants, municipal solid waste disposal systems, geothermal systems, fusion reactor

G. Berry; H. Geyer

1983-01-01

32

Could Building Energy Codes Mandate Rooftop Solar in the Future?  

SciTech Connect

This paper explores existing requirements and compliance options for both commercial and residential code structures. Common alternative compliance options are discussed including Renewable Energy Credits (RECs), green-power purchasing programs, shared solar programs and other community-based renewable energy investments. Compliance options are analyzed to consider building lifespan, cost-effectiveness, energy trade-offs, enforcement concerns and future code development. Existing onsite renewable energy codes are highlighted as case studies for the code development process.

Dillon, Heather E.; Antonopoulos, Chrissi A.; Solana, Amy E.; Russo, Bryan J.; Williams, Jeremiah

2012-08-01

33

7 CFR Exhibit E to Subpart A of... - Voluntary National Model Building Codes  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Voluntary National Model Building Codes E Exhibit...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...1924—Voluntary National Model Building Codes The following...structures and are voluntary national model building codes as defined...

2011-01-01

34

7 CFR Exhibit E to Subpart A of... - Voluntary National Model Building Codes  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Voluntary National Model Building Codes E Exhibit...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...1924—Voluntary National Model Building Codes The following...structures and are voluntary national model building codes as defined...

2013-01-01

35

7 CFR Exhibit E to Subpart A of... - Voluntary National Model Building Codes  

... true Voluntary National Model Building Codes E Exhibit...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...1924—Voluntary National Model Building Codes The following...structures and are voluntary national model building codes as defined...

2014-01-01

36

7 CFR Exhibit E to Subpart A of... - Voluntary National Model Building Codes  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Voluntary National Model Building Codes E Exhibit...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...1924—Voluntary National Model Building Codes The following...structures and are voluntary national model building codes as defined...

2012-01-01

37

use of the RESRAD-BUILD code to calculate building surface contamination limits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surface contamination limits in buildings were calculated for ²²⁶Ra, ²³°Th, ²³²Th, and natural uranium on the basis of 1 mSv y⁻¹ (100 mrem y⁻¹) dose limit. The RESRAD-BUILD computer code was used to calculate these limits for two scenarios: building occupancy and building renovation. RESRAD-BUILD is a pathway analysis model designed to evaluate the potential radiological dose incurred by individuals

E. R. Faillace; D. LePoire; C. Yu

1996-01-01

38

Building guide : how to build Xyce from source code.  

SciTech Connect

While Xyce uses the Autoconf and Automake system to configure builds, it is often necessary to perform more than the customary %E2%80%9C./configure%E2%80%9D builds many open source users have come to expect. This document describes the steps needed to get Xyce built on a number of common platforms.

Keiter, Eric Richard; Russo, Thomas V.; Schiek, Richard Louis; Sholander, Peter E.; Thornquist, Heidi K.; Mei, Ting; Verley, Jason C.

2013-08-01

39

National Commercial Construction Characteristics and Compliance With Building Energy Codes: 1999-2007  

SciTech Connect

As States adopt the latest energy standards which continue to be developed with more stringent requirements, a better understanding of actual compliance with standards and construction practice can be important. Claims are made that energy-related standards impose excessive burdens on building owners and the construction industry. Other claims indicate that many energy-codes requirements are common practice and will have little impact on the building community. Analysis of code effects as well as energy efficiency projects and programs are also more important than ever. These energy realities create a need for better information on the current state of new commercial construction. Regional and national studies exist that provide primarily survey data for only selections of buildings in specific locations. This paper presents an assessment of how current new commercial construction complies with applicable energy codes on a national basis for a range of code levels represented by buildings designed in the 1999 – 2007 timeframe. This analysis makes use of a recently updated commercial buildings database with more than 130 energy-related building characteristics from over 340 new commercial buildings across the United States. Energy code compliance of the buildings in this sample is assessed using the COMcheck™ energy standard compliance software tool to determine how closely new construction across the nation is to meeting current and recently adopted energy codes such as ASHRAE/IESNA 90.1. The results present an interesting look at where code requirements stand with respect to current construction and provide insights into the challenges faced by the building community to meet these standards.

Richman, Eric E.; Rauch, Emily M.; Phillips, Jaclyn N.; Petty, Kimberly A.; Knappek, Jessica; Lopez-Rangel, Priscilla L.

2008-04-30

40

The Florida Energy Efficiency Building Code, the Second Generation  

E-print Network

This paper discusses the Revision of the Residential Sections of the Florida Energy Efficiency Code for Building Construction. The procedures utilized in the Revision and the concepts integrated in to the 2nd Generation of the Florida Specific...

Dixon, R. W.

1985-01-01

41

Energy Efficiency Building Code for Commercial Buildings in Sri Lanka  

SciTech Connect

1.1.1 To encourage energy efficient design or retrofit of commercial buildings so that they may be constructed, operated, and maintained in a manner that reduces the use of energy without constraining the building function, the comfort, health, or the productivity of the occupants and with appropriate regard for economic considerations. 1.1.2 To provide criterion and minimum standards for energy efficiency in the design or retrofit of commercial buildings and provide methods for determining compliance with them. 1.1.3 To encourage energy efficient designs that exceed these criterion and minimum standards.

Busch, John; Greenberg, Steve; Rubinstein, Francis; Denver, Andrea; Rawner, Esther; Franconi, Ellen; Huang, Joe; Neils, Danielle

2000-09-30

42

Surface code implementation of block code state distillation  

PubMed Central

State distillation is the process of taking a number of imperfect copies of a particular quantum state and producing fewer better copies. Until recently, the lowest overhead method of distilling states produced a single improved |A? state given 15 input copies. New block code state distillation methods can produce k improved |A? states given 3k + 8 input copies, potentially significantly reducing the overhead associated with state distillation. We construct an explicit surface code implementation of block code state distillation and quantitatively compare the overhead of this approach to the old. We find that, using the best available techniques, for parameters of practical interest, block code state distillation does not always lead to lower overhead, and, when it does, the overhead reduction is typically less than a factor of three. PMID:23736868

Fowler, Austin G.; Devitt, Simon J.; Jones, Cody

2013-01-01

43

Using Building Commissioning to Improve Performance in State Buildings  

E-print Network

at the University of Montana in Missoula. The second one includes the findings and estimated energy savings from commissioning an existing state office building in Chattanooga, Tennessee. Case Studv 1 : The Evolving Building Commissioning Process in Montana... The Gallagher School of Business Administration ("BA" building) is located on the University of Montana campus (the University) in Missoula, Montana. The building contains classrooms, lecture halls and offices arranged in four levels of 25,000 to 30...

Haasl, T.; Wilkinson, R.

1998-01-01

44

Building a Hydrodynamics Code with Kinetic Theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the development of a test-particle based kinetic Monte Carlo code for large systems and its application to simulate matter in the continuum regime. Our code combines advantages of the Direct Simulation Monte Carlo and the Point-of-Closest-Approach methods to solve the collision integral of the Boltzmann equation. With that, we achieve a high spatial accuracy in simulations while maintaining computational feasibility when applying a large number of test-particles. The hybrid setup of our approach allows us to study systems which move in and out of the hydrodynamic regime, with low and high particle densities. To demonstrate our code's ability to reproduce hydrodynamic behavior we perform shock wave simulations and focus here on the Sedov blast wave test. The blast wave problem describes the evolution of a spherical expanding shock front and is an important verification problem for codes which are applied in astrophysical simulation, especially for approaches which aim to study core-collapse supernovae.

Sagert, Irina; Bauer, Wolfgang; Colbry, Dirk; Pickett, Rodney; Strother, Terrance

2013-08-01

45

24 CFR 200.925b - Residential and institutional building code comparison items.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and institutional building code comparison...and institutional building code comparison...detectors; (7) Building alarm systems...Sizing and installing drainage systems; (3...fixtures; (7) Water supply and...

2010-04-01

46

24 CFR 200.925b - Residential and institutional building code comparison items.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and institutional building code comparison...and institutional building code comparison...detectors; (7) Building alarm systems...Sizing and installing drainage systems; (3...fixtures; (7) Water supply and...

2011-04-01

47

24 CFR 200.925b - Residential and institutional building code comparison items.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and institutional building code comparison...and institutional building code comparison...detectors; (7) Building alarm systems...Sizing and installing drainage systems; (3...fixtures; (7) Water supply and...

2012-04-01

48

24 CFR 200.925b - Residential and institutional building code comparison items.  

...and institutional building code comparison...and institutional building code comparison...detectors; (7) Building alarm systems...Sizing and installing drainage systems; (3...fixtures; (7) Water supply and...

2014-04-01

49

24 CFR 200.925b - Residential and institutional building code comparison items.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and institutional building code comparison...and institutional building code comparison...detectors; (7) Building alarm systems...Sizing and installing drainage systems; (3...fixtures; (7) Water supply and...

2013-04-01

50

Understanding Energy Code Acceptance within the Alaska Building Community  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the technical assistance provided to the Alaska Home Financing Corporation on behalf of PNNL regarding the assessment of attitudes toward energy codes within the building community in Alaska. It includes a summary of the existing situation and specific assistance requested by AHFC, the results of a questionnaire designed for builders surveyed in a suburban area of Anchorage, interviews with a lender, a building official, and a research specialist, and recommendations for future action by AHFC.

Mapes, Terry S.

2012-02-14

51

Evaluation of liquefaction potential for building code  

SciTech Connect

The standard approach for the evaluation of the liquefaction susceptibility is based on the estimation of a safety factor between the cyclic shear resistance to liquefaction and the earthquake induced shear stress. Recently, an updated procedure based on shear-wave velocities (V{sub s}) has been proposed which could be more easily applied.These methods have been applied at La Plaja beach of Catania, that experienced liquefaction because of the 1693 earthquake. The detailed geotechnical and V{sub s} information and the realistic ground motion computed for the 1693 event let us compare the two approaches. The successful application of the V{sub s} procedure, slightly modified to fit historical and safety factor information, even if additional field performances are needed, encourages the development of a guide for liquefaction potential analysis, based on well defined V{sub s} profiles to be included in the italian seismic code.

Nunziata, C.; De Nisco, G. [Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Univ. Napoli Federico II (Italy); Panza, G. F. [Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Univ. Trieste (Italy); Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics, ESP-SAND Group, Trieste (Italy)

2008-07-08

52

Enforcing Building Energy Codes in China: Progress and Comparative Lessons  

SciTech Connect

From 1995 to 2005, building energy use in China increased more rapidly than the world average. China has been adding 0.4 to 1.6 billion square meters of floor space annually , making it the world’s largest market for new construction. In fact, by 2020, China is expected to comprise half of all new construction. In response to this, China has begun to make important steps towards achieving building energy efficiency, including the implementation of building energy standards that requires new buildings to be 65% more efficient than buildings from the early 1980s. Making progress on reducing building energy use requires both a comprehensive code and a robust enforcement system. The latter – the enforcement system – is a particularly critical component for assuring that a building code has an effect. China has dramatically enhanced its enforcement system in the past two years, with more detailed requirements for ensuring enforcement and new penalties for non-compliance. We believe that the U.S. and other developed countries could benefit from learning about the multiple checks and the documentation required in China. Similarly, some of the more user-friendly enforcement approaches developed in the U.S. and elsewhere may be useful for China as it strives to improve enforcement in rural and smaller communities. In this article, we provide context to China’s building codes enforcement system by comparing it to the U.S. Among some of the enforcement mechanisms we look at are testing and rating procedures, compliance software, and training and public information.

Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Halverson, Mark A.; Delgado, Alison

2010-08-15

53

Adoption, implementation and enforcement of commercial building energy codes in New Mexico and Arizona  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is considering ways to encourage states to adopt energy efficiency standards for residential and commercial buildings in the private sector. Such standards are now mandatory for federal buildings, and for private buildings in 34 states; in the remaining 16 states, the standards serve as guidelines for voluntary compliance. In this study for DOE, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) assessed the process by which energy codes for commercial buildings were adopted and implemented in Arizona and New Mexico. Information was gathered primarily through a series of interviews with state officials, city building officials, architects and engineers, builders, and staff from utilities in the two states. Until other state processes are studied, the extent of the similarities and dissimilarities to the situation in New Mexico and Arizona are unknown. A more extensive study may show that at least some elements of the two state's experience have been paralleled in other parts of the country. General strategies to encourage the adoption of energy codes, assist implementation, and support enforcement were developed based on the research from Arizona and New Mexico and are presented in this report. 6 refs., 4 figs.

Callaway, J W; Thurman, A G; Shankle, D L

1991-07-01

54

Making Automated Building Code Checking A Reality1 Charles S. Han, John Kunz, Kincho H. Law  

E-print Network

Making Automated Building Code Checking A Reality1 Charles S. Han, John Kunz, Kincho H. Law Center for automated code-checking to be successful, the program that does the analysis of a building design must set of building codes. The complexity and changing nature of codes leads to delays in both the design

Stanford University

55

New York State Code Adoption Analysis: Lighting Requirements  

SciTech Connect

The adoption of the IECC 2003 Energy code will include a set of Lighting Power Density (LPD) values that are effectively a subset of the values in Addendum g to the ASHRAE/IESNA/ANSI 90.1-2001 Standard which will soon be printed as part of the 90.1-2004 version. An analysis of the effectiveness of this adoption for New York State can be provided by a direct comparison of these values with existing LPD levels represented in the current IECC 2000 code, which are themselves a subset of the current ASHRAE/IESNA/ANSI 90.1-2001 Standard (without addenda). Because the complete ASHRAE 2001 and 2004 sets of LPDs are supported by a set of detailed models, they are best suited to provide the basis for an analysis comparison of the two code levels of lighting power density stringency. It is important to note that this kind of analysis is a point-to-point comparison where a fixed level of real world activity is assumed. It is understood that buildings are not built precisely to code levels and that actual percentage of compliance above and below codes will vary among individual buildings and building types. However, without specific knowledge of this real world activity for all buildings in existence and in the future (post-code adoption) it is not possible to analyze actual effects of code adoption. However, it is possible to compare code levels and determine the potential effect of changes from one code requirement level to another. This is the comparison and effectiveness assessment

Richman, Eric E.

2004-10-20

56

Assessment of state`s needs for building energy information tools  

SciTech Connect

In this study for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Codes and Standards, Building Energy Standards Program (BESP), which is operated by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), conducted two surveys of state agencies involved with building codes (including each state energy office) to determine what resources they would find most helpful in complying with the residential and commercial energy efficiency requirements of the Energy Policy Act of 1992. PNL conducted a telephone survey of all 50 states and then a mail survey of each state plus Washington, DC and the six trust territories. In the mail survey the survey participants were provided with a list of 27 hypothetical tool descriptions; the participants were asked to choose the tools they thought would be most useful in helping them implement building energy codes and standards in their state. The respondents were also asked to characterize their state`s commercial and/or residential building energy code development/implementation processes. The mail survey respondents were also asked if they would be interested in serving on task forces for commercial or residential code development, implementation, enforcement or utility programs.

Hattrup, M.P.; Gilbride, T.L.

1994-08-01

57

Renewable Energy Requirements for Future Building Codes: Options for Compliance  

SciTech Connect

As the model energy codes are improved to reach efficiency levels 50 percent greater than current codes, use of on-site renewable energy generation is likely to become a code requirement. This requirement will be needed because traditional mechanisms for code improvement, including envelope, mechanical and lighting, have been pressed to the end of reasonable limits. Research has been conducted to determine the mechanism for implementing this requirement (Kaufman 2011). Kaufmann et al. determined that the most appropriate way to structure an on-site renewable requirement for commercial buildings is to define the requirement in terms of an installed power density per unit of roof area. This provides a mechanism that is suitable for the installation of photovoltaic (PV) systems on future buildings to offset electricity and reduce the total building energy load. Kaufmann et al. suggested that an appropriate maximum for the requirement in the commercial sector would be 4 W/ft{sup 2} of roof area or 0.5 W/ft{sup 2} of conditioned floor area. As with all code requirements, there must be an alternative compliance path for buildings that may not reasonably meet the renewables requirement. This might include conditions like shading (which makes rooftop PV arrays less effective), unusual architecture, undesirable roof pitch, unsuitable building orientation, or other issues. In the short term, alternative compliance paths including high performance mechanical equipment, dramatic envelope changes, or controls changes may be feasible. These options may be less expensive than many renewable systems, which will require careful balance of energy measures when setting the code requirement levels. As the stringency of the code continues to increase however, efficiency trade-offs will be maximized, requiring alternative compliance options to be focused solely on renewable electricity trade-offs or equivalent programs. One alternate compliance path includes purchase of Renewable Energy Credits (RECs). Each REC represents a specified amount of renewable electricity production and provides an offset of environmental externalities associated with non-renewable electricity production. The purpose of this paper is to explore the possible issues with RECs and comparable alternative compliance options. Existing codes have been examined to determine energy equivalence between the energy generation requirement and the RECs alternative over the life of the building. The price equivalence of the requirement and the alternative are determined to consider the economic drivers for a market decision. This research includes case studies that review how the few existing codes have incorporated RECs and some of the issues inherent with REC markets. Section 1 of the report reviews compliance options including RECs, green energy purchase programs, shared solar agreements and leases, and other options. Section 2 provides detailed case studies on codes that include RECs and community based alternative compliance methods. The methods the existing code requirements structure alternative compliance options like RECs are the focus of the case studies. Section 3 explores the possible structure of the renewable energy generation requirement in the context of energy and price equivalence. The price of RECs have shown high variation by market and over time which makes it critical to for code language to be updated frequently for a renewable energy generation requirement or the requirement will not remain price-equivalent over time. Section 4 of the report provides a maximum case estimate for impact to the PV market and the REC market based on the Kaufmann et al. proposed requirement levels. If all new buildings in the commercial sector complied with the requirement to install rooftop PV arrays, nearly 4,700 MW of solar would be installed in 2012, a major increase from EIA estimates of 640 MW of solar generation capacity installed in 2009. The residential sector could contribute roughly an additional 2,300 MW based on the same code requirement levels of 4 W/ft{sup 2} of r

Dillon, Heather E.; Antonopoulos, Chrissi A.; Solana, Amy E.; Russo, Bryan J.

2011-09-30

58

Fault-Tolerant Coding for State Machines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two reliable fault-tolerant coding schemes have been proposed for state machines that are used in field-programmable gate arrays and application-specific integrated circuits to implement sequential logic functions. The schemes apply to strings of bits in state registers, which are typically implemented in practice as assemblies of flip-flop circuits. If a single-event upset (SEU, a radiation-induced change in the bit in one flip-flop) occurs in a state register, the state machine that contains the register could go into an erroneous state or could hang, by which is meant that the machine could remain in undefined states indefinitely. The proposed fault-tolerant coding schemes are intended to prevent the state machine from going into an erroneous or hang state when an SEU occurs. To ensure reliability of the state machine, the coding scheme for bits in the state register must satisfy the following criteria: 1. All possible states are defined. 2. An SEU brings the state machine to a known state. 3. There is no possibility of a hang state. 4. No false state is entered. 5. An SEU exerts no effect on the state machine. Fault-tolerant coding schemes that have been commonly used include binary encoding and "one-hot" encoding. Binary encoding is the simplest state machine encoding and satisfies criteria 1 through 3 if all possible states are defined. Binary encoding is a binary count of the state machine number in sequence; the table represents an eight-state example. In one-hot encoding, N bits are used to represent N states: All except one of the bits in a string are 0, and the position of the 1 in the string represents the state. With proper circuit design, one-hot encoding can satisfy criteria 1 through 4. Unfortunately, the requirement to use N bits to represent N states makes one-hot coding inefficient.

Naegle, Stephanie Taft; Burke, Gary; Newell, Michael

2008-01-01

59

Using Third-Party Inspectors in Building Energy Codes Enforcement in India  

SciTech Connect

India is experiencing fast income growth and urbanization, and this leads to unprecedented increases in demand for building energy services and resulting energy consumption. In response to rapid growth in building energy use, the Government of India issued the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) in 2007, which is consistent with and based on the 2001 Energy Conservation Act. ECBC implementation has been voluntary since its enactment and a few states have started to make progress towards mandatory implementation. Rajasthan is the first state in India to adopt ECBC as a mandatory code. The State adopted ECBC with minor additions on March 28, 2011 through a stakeholder process; it became mandatory in Rajasthan on September 28, 2011. Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh have started to draft an implementation roadmap and build capacity for its implementation. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) plans to encourage more states to adopt ECBC in the near future, including Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, West Bengal, and Delhi. Since its inception, India has applied the code on a voluntary basis, but the Government of India is developing a strategy to mandate compliance. Implementing ECBC requires coordination between the Ministry of Power and the Ministry of Urban Development at the national level as well as interdepartmental coordination at the state level. One challenge is that the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs), the enforcement entities of building by-laws, lack capacity to implement ECBC effectively. For example, ULBs in some states might find the building permitting procedures to be too complex; in other cases, lack of awareness and technical knowledge on ECBC slows down the amendment of local building by-laws as well as ECBC implementation. The intent of this white paper is to share with Indian decision-makers code enforcement approaches: through code officials, third-party inspectors, or a hybrid approach. Given the limited capacity and human resources available in the state and local governments, involving third-party inspectors could rapidly expand the capacity for plan reviews and broad implementation. However, the procedures of involving third-parties need to be carefully designed in order to guarantee a fair process. For example, there should be multiple checks and certification requirements for third-party inspectors, and the government should have the final approval when third-party inspectors are used in a project. This paper discusses different approaches of involving third-parties in ECBC enforcement; the Indian states may choose the approaches that work best in their given circumstances.

Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd; Kumar, Pradeep; Van Wie, Laura; Bhatt, Vatsal

2013-01-31

60

24 CFR 200.926a - Residential building code comparison items.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Residential building code comparison items...926a Residential building code comparison items...Sizing and installing drainage systems; (3) Vents...Plumbing fixtures; (7) Water supply and distribution;...

2012-04-01

61

24 CFR 200.926a - Residential building code comparison items.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Residential building code comparison items...926a Residential building code comparison items...Sizing and installing drainage systems; (3) Vents...Plumbing fixtures; (7) Water supply and distribution;...

2013-04-01

62

24 CFR 200.926a - Residential building code comparison items.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Residential building code comparison items...926a Residential building code comparison items...Sizing and installing drainage systems; (3) Vents...Plumbing fixtures; (7) Water supply and distribution;...

2010-04-01

63

24 CFR 200.926a - Residential building code comparison items.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Residential building code comparison items...926a Residential building code comparison items...Sizing and installing drainage systems; (3) Vents...Plumbing fixtures; (7) Water supply and distribution;...

2011-04-01

64

24 CFR 200.926a - Residential building code comparison items.  

... false Residential building code comparison items...926a Residential building code comparison items...Sizing and installing drainage systems; (3) Vents...Plumbing fixtures; (7) Water supply and distribution;...

2014-04-01

65

Environmental performance of green building code and certification systems.  

PubMed

We examined the potential life-cycle environmental impact reduction of three green building code and certification (GBCC) systems: LEED, ASHRAE 189.1, and IgCC. A recently completed whole-building life cycle assessment (LCA) database of NIST was applied to a prototype building model specification by NREL. TRACI 2.0 of EPA was used for life cycle impact assessment (LCIA). The results showed that the baseline building model generates about 18 thousand metric tons CO2-equiv. of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and consumes 6 terajoule (TJ) of primary energy and 328 million liter of water over its life-cycle. Overall, GBCC-compliant building models generated 0% to 25% less environmental impacts than the baseline case (average 14% reduction). The largest reductions were associated with acidification (25%), human health-respiratory (24%), and global warming (GW) (22%), while no reductions were observed for ozone layer depletion (OD) and land use (LU). The performances of the three GBCC-compliant building models measured in life-cycle impact reduction were comparable. A sensitivity analysis showed that the comparative results were reasonably robust, although some results were relatively sensitive to the behavioral parameters, including employee transportation and purchased electricity during the occupancy phase (average sensitivity coefficients 0.26-0.29). PMID:24483287

Suh, Sangwon; Tomar, Shivira; Leighton, Matthew; Kneifel, Joshua

2014-03-01

66

Contested Construction of Green Building Codes in North America: The Case of the Alley Flat Initiative  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building codes are both an index of social values and a strategy to enforce those values. On these grounds an examination is made of the emergence of green building codes in North America as a category of building codes that is particularly important for sustainable development. The classical defi nition of sustainability proposes that multiple, competing frames of interpretation—economic development,

Steven A. Moore; Barbara B. Wilson

2009-01-01

67

A Client/Server Framework for On-line Building Code Charles S. Han1  

E-print Network

to develop an effective system to analyze a design for code-compliance. Key Words automation, building codesA Client/Server Framework for On-line Building Code Checking Charles S. Han1 , John C. Kunz2-4020 Abstract This paper outlines an integrated client/server framework for an automated code- checking system

Stanford University

68

Building Environmental Sustainability Bowling Green State University  

E-print Network

standards and develop a model for the incorporation of these standards into future renovation and building of environmentally sustainable development into institutional policies and practices" (Association of UniversityBuilding Environmental Sustainability at Bowling Green State University Final Report Bud Beatty

Moore, Paul A.

69

Empirical evidence for site coefficients in building code provisions  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Site-response coefficients, Fa and Fv, used in U.S. building code provisions are based on empirical data for motions up to 0.1 g. For larger motions they are based on theoretical and laboratory results. The Northridge earthquake of 17 January 1994 provided a significant new set of empirical data up to 0.5 g. These data together with recent site characterizations based on shear-wave velocity measurements provide empirical estimates of the site coefficients at base accelerations up to 0.5 g for Site Classes C and D. These empirical estimates of Fa and Fnu; as well as their decrease with increasing base acceleration level are consistent at the 95 percent confidence level with those in present building code provisions, with the exception of estimates for Fa at levels of 0.1 and 0.2 g, which are less than the lower confidence bound by amounts up to 13 percent. The site-coefficient estimates are consistent at the 95 percent confidence level with those of several other investigators for base accelerations greater than 0.3 g. These consistencies and present code procedures indicate that changes in the site coefficients are not warranted. Empirical results for base accelerations greater than 0.2 g confirm the need for both a short- and a mid- or long-period site coefficient to characterize site response for purposes of estimating site-specific design spectra.

Borcherdt, R.D.

2002-01-01

70

A long-term, integrated impact assessment of alternative building energy code scenarios in China  

SciTech Connect

China is the second largest building energy user in the world, ranking first and third in residential and commercial energy consumption. Beginning in the early 1980s, the Chinese government has developed a variety of building energy codes to improve building energy efficiency and reduce total energy demand. This paper studies the impact of building energy codes on energy use and CO2 emissions by using a detailed building energy model that represents four distinct climate zones each with three building types, nested in a long-term integrated assessment framework GCAM. An advanced building stock module, coupled with the building energy model, is developed to reflect the characteristics of future building stock and its interaction with the development of building energy codes in China. This paper also evaluates the impacts of building codes on building energy demand in the presence of economy-wide carbon policy. We find that building energy codes would reduce Chinese building energy use by 13% - 22% depending on building code scenarios, with a similar effect preserved even under the carbon policy. The impact of building energy codes shows regional and sectoral variation due to regionally differentiated responses of heating and cooling services to shell efficiency improvement.

Yu, Sha; Eom, Jiyong; Evans, Meredydd; Clarke, Leon E.

2014-04-01

71

A MODEL BUILDING CODE ARTICLE ON FALLOUT SHELTERS WITH RECOMMENDATIONS FOR INCLUSION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR FALLOUT SHELTER CONSTRUCTION IN FOUR NATIONAL MODEL BUILDING CODES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A MODEL BUILDING CODE FOR FALLOUT SHELTERS WAS DRAWN UP FOR INCLUSION IN FOUR NATIONAL MODEL BUILDING CODES. DISCUSSION IS GIVEN OF FALLOUT SHELTERS WITH RESPECT TO--(1) NUCLEAR RADIATION, (2) NATIONAL POLICIES, AND (3) COMMUNITY PLANNING. FALLOUT SHELTER REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIELDING, SPACE, VENTILATION, CONSTRUCTION, AND SERVICES SUCH AS ELECTRICAL…

American Inst. of Architects, Washington, DC.

72

HOW HAVE CHANGES IN BUILDING CODE PROVISIONS FOR REINFORCED CONCRETE FRAME STRUCTURES IMPROVED SEISMIC SAFETY?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides an analytical comparison of seismic performance of a typical California office building designed according to the 1967 Uniform Building Code and the 2003 International Building Code. The seismic performance predictions are based on a performance assessment method developed by the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research (PEER) Center, which employs incremental nonlinear dynamic time1history analyses. Comparisons are made for

A. B. Liel; C. B. Haselton; G. G. Deierlein

73

Building a Successful Palestinian State  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During the past 50 years, there has been much debate and hand-wringing over how best to create a self-sustaining and independent Palestinian state. While many attempts have been made, in some sense very little substantial progress has been made. A team of researchers at the RAND Corporation has created this 453-page monograph that contains a singularly comprehensive set of recommendations for the success of an independent Palestinian state. Released in April 2005, the report contains proposals for a number of transportation links between the West Bank and Gaza that would hopefully open the door for access to jobs, food, water, health care, and other such public services. The report itself does not comment on how Israelis and Palestinians can reach a settlement to create such a state, but rather focuses almost entirely on what would happen in such a state were created. Based on research conducted from 2002 to 2004, this report will definitely be thought-provoking and compelling for persons with an interest in political economy, development issues, and the future of this highly contested region.

74

Renewable Energy Requirements for Future Building Codes: Energy Generation and Economic Analysis  

SciTech Connect

As the model energy codes are improved to reach efficiency levels 50 percent greater than current codes, installation of on-site renewable energy generation is likely to become a code requirement. This requirement will be needed because traditional mechanisms for code improvement, including the building envelope, mechanical systems, and lighting, have been maximized at the most cost-effective limit.

Russo, Bryan J.; Weimar, Mark R.; Dillon, Heather E.

2011-09-30

75

Abestos in Buildings: The State Role.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The widespread use of asbestos for several decades in building construction has created major public health concerns for state governments. If asbestos is not thoroughly bound in cement, plaster, resin or some other stable material, it will flake and powder, releasing countless microscopic fibers into the air. Asbestos fibers penetrate deep into…

Neilander, Dennis K.; Sacarto, Douglas M.

1988-01-01

76

NMACA Approach Used to Build a Secure Message Authentication Code  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Secure storage systems should consider the integrity and authentication of long-term stored information. When information is transferred through communication channels, different types of digital information can be represented, such as documents, images, and database tables. The authenticity of such information must be verified, especially when it is transferred through communication channels. Authentication verification techniques are used to verify that the information in an archive is authentic and has not been intentionally or maliciously altered. In addition to detecting malicious attacks, verifying the integrity also identifies data corruption. The purpose of Message Authentication Code (MAC) is to authenticate messages, where MAC algorithms are keyed hash functions. In most cases, MAC techniques use iterated hash functions, and these techniques are called iterated MACs. Such techniques usually use a MAC key as an input to the compression function, and this key is involved in the compression function, f, at every stage. Modification detection codes (MDCs) are un-keyed hash functions, and are widely used by authentication techniques such as MD4, MD5, SHA-1, and RIPEMD-160. There have been new attacks on hash functions such as MD5 and SHA-1, which requires the introduction of more secure hash functions. In this paper, we introduce a new MAC methodology that uses an input MAC key in the compression function, to change the order of the message words and shifting operation in the compression function. The new methodology can be used in conjunction with a wide range of modification detection code techniques. Using the SHA-1 algorithm as a model, a new (SHA-1)-MAC algorithm is presented. The (SHA-1)-MAC algorithm uses the MAC key to build the hash functions by defining the order for accessing source words and defining the number of bit positions for circular left shifts.

Alosaimy, Raed; Alghathbar, Khaled; Hafez, Alaaeldin M.; Eldefrawy, Mohamed H.

77

2. Historic American Buildings Survey California State Library Collection California ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Historic American Buildings Survey California State Library Collection California Section Photo of Thompson & West Engraving of 1880 COMBINED FRONTAGE OF THE THREE BUILDINGS - Big Four Building, 220-226 K Street, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

78

Innovation and Standardization in School Building: A Proposal for the National Code in Italy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document discusses the University of Florence's experience and concepts as it developed the research to define a proposal for designing a new national school building code. Section 1 examines the current school building code and the Italian Reform Process in Education between 1960 and 2000. Section 2 details and explains the new school…

Ridolfi, Giuseppe

79

Energy Efficiency Pilot Projects in Jaipur: Testing the Energy Conservation Building Code  

SciTech Connect

The Malaviya National Institute of Technology (MNIT) in Jaipur, India is constructing two new buildings on its campus that allow it to test implementation of the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC), which Rajasthan made mandatory in 2011. PNNL has been working with MNIT to document progress on ECBC implementation in these buildings.

Evans, Meredydd; Mathur, Jyotirmay; Yu, Sha

2014-03-26

80

Institutions by imposition : colonial lessons for contemporary state-building  

E-print Network

What explains variation in institution-building under foreign occupations? Why do some state-building missions produce effective and durable state institutions, while others leave a legacy of weak or dysfunctional ones? I ...

Matsuzaki, Reo

2011-01-01

81

The State of Energy Codes in Texas  

E-print Network

The State of Energy Codes in Texas CATEE November 20, 2014 ESL-KT-14-11-44 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Who is SPEER • Member-based, non-profit 501(c)3 organization • The Newest Regional Energy... Efficiency Organization (REEO) • Founded in 2011 • 45 members from wide cross section of E.E. industries ESL-KT-14-11-44 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Members ESL-KT-14-11-44 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through...

Herbert, C.

2014-01-01

82

Optimal superdense coding of entangled states  

E-print Network

We present a one-shot method for preparing pure entangled states between a sender and a receiver at a minimal cost of entanglement and quantum communication. In the case of preparing unentangled states, an earlier paper showed that a 2n-qubit quantum state could be communicated to a receiver by physically transmitting only n+o(n) qubits in addition to consuming n ebits of entanglement and some shared randomness. When the states to be prepared are entangled, we find that there is a reduction in the number of qubits that need to be transmitted, interpolating between no communication at all for maximally entangled states and the earlier two-for-one result of the unentangled case, all without the use of any shared randomness. We also present two applications of our result: a direct proof of the achievability of the optimal superdense coding protocol for entangled states produced by a memoryless source, and a demonstration that the quantum identification capacity of an ebit is two qubits.

Anura Abeyesinghe; Patrick Hayden; Graeme Smith; Andreas Winter

2004-07-08

83

Quantum network dense coding via continuous-variable graph states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a dense coding network based on continuous-variable graph state along with its corresponding protocol. A scheme to distill bipartite entanglement between two arbitrary modes in a graph state is provided in order to realize the dense coding network. We also analyze the capacity of network dense coding and provide a method to calculate its maximum mutual information. As an application, we analyze the performance of dense coding in a square lattice graph state network. The result showed that the mutual information of the dense coding is not largely affected by the complexity of the network. We conclude that the performance of dense coding network is very optimistic.

Zhang, Jiahao; He, Guangqiang

2014-08-01

84

A brief introduction on training and public information of building energy codes in the U.S.  

SciTech Connect

This report is associated with the project of Implementation of Building Energy Codes in China (55793). The report aims to give Chinese audience a brief introduction on training and public information activities of building energy codes in the U.S. The report contains four sections: Section One is about the development history and implementation of building energy codes in the U.S. Section Two is about the organizations of training and public information activities, mainly focused on ASHRAE, ICC, federal and state government. Policy implication, which is Section Three, addresses the role of federal government and on-line training and public information activities in promoting training and public information (the current China training system lacks strong support of central government and on-line training activities). Conclusions are made in Section Four. This report will be uploaded to an upcoming Chinese website which is devoted to provide first-time free on-line training and public information of building energy codes in China.

Shui, Bin

2010-12-01

85

How does a brain build a cognitive code?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses how competition between afferent data and learned feedback expectancies can stabilize a developing code by buffering committed populations of detectors against continual erosion by new environmental demands. The gating phenomena that result lead to dynamically maintained critical periods and to attentional phenomena such as overshadowing in the adult. The functional unit of cognitive coding is suggested to be an

Stephen Grossberg

1980-01-01

86

1. Historic American Buildings Survey California State Library Collection Photo ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey California State Library Collection Photo from Cerinda Evans' Biography of Huntington, Vol. I Rephoto, 1962 VIEW OF THE HUNTINGTON & HOPKINS STORE - 1861 - 1877 - Big Four Building, 220-226 K Street, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

87

Natural ventilation possibilities for buildings in the United States  

E-print Network

In the United States, many of the commercial buildings built in the last few decades are completely mechanically air conditioned, without the capability to use natural ventilation. This habit has occurred in building designs ...

Dean, Brian N. (Brian Nathan), 1974-

2001-01-01

88

3. Historic American Buildings Survey California State Library Collection Sacramento ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic American Buildings Survey California State Library Collection Sacramento Co. History Thompson & West Sketch of 1880 Rephoto 1960 NORTHEAST CORNER - B. F. Hastings Bank Building, 128-132 J Street, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

89

Analysis of Potential Benefits and Costs of Adopting ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999 as a Commercial Building Energy Code in Michigan  

SciTech Connect

The state of Michigan is considering adpoting ASHRAE 90.1-1999 as its commercial building energy code. In an effort to evaluate whether or not this is an appropraite code for the state, the potential benefits and costs of adopting this standard are considered. Both qualitative and quantitative benefits are assessed. The energy simulation and economic results suggest that adopting ASHRAE 90.1-1999 would provide postitive net benefits to the state relative to the building and design requirements currently in place.

Cort, Katherine A.; Belzer, David B.; Halverson, Mark A.; Richman, Eric E.; Winiarski, David W.

2002-09-30

90

ETHICS CODE PROVISIONS FOR THOSE LEAVING STATE SERVICE  

E-print Network

ETHICS CODE PROVISIONS FOR THOSE LEAVING STATE SERVICE The State Code of Ethics contains several should review the following rules and, if necessary, seek guidance from the Office of State Ethics or the Office of Audit, Compliance & Ethics. 1. You may never use confidential information for financial gain

Holsinger, Kent

91

Child Care Services and the NYS Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code: A Building Code Examination of Child Day Care Services Which Are Regulated by the NYS Department of Social Services with Particular Attention to Day Care Centers and the Role of the Local Authority Having Jurisdiction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course manual details the Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code of New York State and how it affects child care services, particularly day care centers. The sections of the manual, each detailing a part of the code, are: (1) Introduction, Scope, Registration, and Definitions and Facilities Regulated by the New York Department of Social…

New York State Div. of Code Enforcement and Administration, Albany.

92

Technical support document for the proposed Federal Commercial Building energy code  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the justification and technical documentation for all changes and updates made (since 1993) to the Energy Code for Commercial and High-Rise Residential Buildings, the codified version of ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-1989, ``Energy Efficient Design of New Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings.`` These changes and updates, which were subject to the ASHRAE addenda approval process, include Addenda b, c, d, e, g, and i. A seventh addenda, Addenda f, which has not been officially approved by ASHRAE, has been included into the proposed rule. Also included in the changes was technical work conducted to justify revisions to the 1993 DOE lighting power densities. The updated text will be reviewed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and issued as the new Federal Commercial Building Energy Code (10 CFR 434); Mandatory for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High Rise Residential Buildings.

Somasundaram, S.; Halverson, M.A.; Jones, C.C.; Hadley, D.L.

1995-11-01

93

University of Nebraska State Museum Code of Ethics  

E-print Network

#12;1 University of Nebraska State Museum Code of Ethics Approved by Curators 27 April 1987 Revised of Ethics, and all work-study students, volunteers, and temporary help will be given an opportunity to read of Nebraska State Museum Code of Ethics endorses, in principle, the guidelines set forth in the following

Farritor, Shane

94

5. EMPIRE STATE MINE. COLLAPSED SOUTHERN MOST BUILDING, CAMERA POINTED ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. EMPIRE STATE MINE. COLLAPSED SOUTHERN MOST BUILDING, CAMERA POINTED WEST. VISIBLE THROUGH WINDOW OPENING IS 'GRIZZLEY' IN ID-31-D-6 AND ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF BUILDING IS THE BED SPRINGS IN ID-31-D-9. - Florida Mountain Mining Sites, Empire State Mine, West side of Florida Mountain, Silver City, Owyhee County, ID

95

2. EMPIRE STATE MINE. VIEW OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS AT MINE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. EMPIRE STATE MINE. VIEW OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS AT MINE WITH TAILINGS ON RIGHT. CAMERA POINTED SOUTHWEST. COLLAPSED ADIT APPROXIMATELY 25 YARDS UPHILL TO THE LEFT OF FAR BUILDING. TIP TOP AND ONTARIO ARE LOCATED OUT OF THE PICTURE TO THE RIGHT. - Florida Mountain Mining Sites, Empire State Mine, West side of Florida Mountain, Silver City, Owyhee County, ID

96

Development Of Infrared Thermographic Standards For New Jersey State Buildings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New Jersey has become the first state to specify infrared thermographic building diagnostic surveys of State buildings. Concern over high energy consumption and the inability to maintain comfortable temperatures within the Justice Complex, Trenton, New Jersey, led to a thermographic survey of the building. The results of this thermographic survey revealed significant deficiencies in the thermal envelope of the structure. This raised further questions about the thermal integrity of other new building construction for the state. It has been specified that all new buildings presently under construction for the State of New Jersey, within the Capitol of Trenton, must have a thermographic survey prior to the State's occupancy. Within the construction industry, standards and monitoring methods exist for every element of the building, except the thermal envelope. Through the use of infrared thermography, the State of New Jersey proposes to develop standards and test methods by which the thermal integrity of the building envelope may be monitored. One goal in the development of these standards is to produce a quantitative thermographic report. Such a report would identify deficiencies in the thermal envelope, their origin and significance. These standards will utlimately lead to more thermally efficient buildings and reduced energy costs.

Allen, Sharon; Allen, Lee R.

1986-03-01

97

22 CFR 9b.8 - Term and renewal of Department of State press building passes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of Department of State press building passes. 9b.8 Section 9b.8 Foreign...GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.8 Term and renewal of Department of State press building passes. (a) Department of State...

2010-04-01

98

Modeling Planet-Building Stellar Disks with Radiative Transfer Code  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Understanding the nature of the many planetary systems found outside of our own solar system cannot be completed without knowledge of the beginnings these systems. By detecting planets in very young systems and modeling the disks of material around stars from which they form, we can gain a better understanding of planetary origin and evolution. The efforts presented here have been in modeling two pre-transitional disk systems using a radiative transfer code. With the first of these systems, V1247 Ori, a model that fits the spectral energy distribution (SED) well and whose parameters are consistent with existing interferometry data (Kraus et al 2013) has been achieved. The second of these two systems, SAO 206462, has presented a different set of challenges but encouraging SED agreement between the model and known data gives hope that the model can produce images that can be used in future interferometry work. This work was supported by NASA ADAP grant NNX09AC73G, and the IR&D program at The Aerospace Corporation.

Swearingen, Jeremy R.; Sitko, Michael L.; Whitney, Barbara; Grady, Carol A.; Wagner, Kevin Robert; Champney, Elizabeth H.; Johnson, Alexa N.; Warren, Chelsea C.; Russell, Ray W.; Hammel, Heidi B.; Lisse, Casey M.; Cure, Michel; Kraus, Stefan; Fukagawa, Misato; Calvet, Nuria; Espaillat, Catherine; Monnier, John D.; Millan-Gabet, Rafael; Wilner, David J.

2015-01-01

99

7 CFR Exhibit E to Subpart A of... - Voluntary National Model Building Codes  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Voluntary National Model Building Codes E Exhibit E to Subpart A of Part 1924 Agriculture Regulations...Construction and Other Development Pt. 1924, Subpt. A, Exh. E Exhibit E to Subpart A of Part 1924—Voluntary...

2010-01-01

100

Representation of Bi-Directional Ground Motions for Design Spectra in Building Codes  

E-print Network

Representation of Bi-Directional Ground Motions for Design Spectra in Building Codes Jonathan P of horizontal ground motion from the geometric mean of spectral accelerations for two components to the peak with expected levels of ground motion along those principal response axes. The use of MD ground motions

Baker, Jack W.

101

Building Code Challenging the Ethics Behind Adobe Architecture in North Cyprus.  

PubMed

Adobe masonry is part of the vernacular architecture of Cyprus. Thus, it is possible to use this technology in a meaningful way on the island. On the other hand, although adobe architecture is more sustainable in comparison to other building technologies, the use of it is diminishing in North Cyprus. The application of Turkish building code in the north of the island has created complications in respect of the use of adobe masonry, because this building code demands that reinforced concrete vertical tie-beams are used together with adobe masonry. The use of reinforced concrete elements together with adobe masonry causes problems in relation to the climatic response of the building as well as causing other technical and aesthetic problems. This situation makes the design of adobe masonry complicated and various types of ethical problems also emerge. The objective of this article is to analyse the ethical problems which arise as a consequence of the restrictive character of the building code, by analysing two case studies and conducting an interview with an architect who was involved with the use of adobe masonry in North Cyprus. According to the results of this article there are ethical problems at various levels in the design of both case studies. These problems are connected to the responsibilities of architects in respect of the social benefit, material production, aesthetics and affordability of the architecture as well as presenting distrustful behaviour where the obligations of architects to their clients is concerned. PMID:24696019

Hurol, Yonca; Yüceer, Hülya; Sahali, Oznem

2014-04-01

102

4. Historic American Buildings Survey California State Library Sacramento, California ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Historic American Buildings Survey California State Library Sacramento, California Photo Taken: 1860 Re-photo: March 1940 EAST FRONT - CENTRAL SECTION - Custom House, Custom House Plaza, Monterey, Monterey County, CA

103

32. Historic American Buildings Survey From California State Library Sacramento, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

32. Historic American Buildings Survey From California State Library Sacramento, California Original: Re-photo: February 1940 DETAIL OF ENTRANCE (East Elevation) - Mission San Carlos Borromeo, Rio Road & Lausen Drive, Carmel-by-the-Sea, Monterey County, CA

104

6. Historic American Buildings Survey From California State Library Sacramento, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. Historic American Buildings Survey From California State Library Sacramento, California Original: Ante 1860 Re-photo: February 1940 VIEW FROM SOUTHEAST - Mission San Carlos Borromeo, Rio Road & Lausen Drive, Carmel-by-the-Sea, Monterey County, CA

105

33. Historic American Buildings Survey From California State Library Sacramento, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

33. Historic American Buildings Survey From California State Library Sacramento, California Original: 1860's Re-photo: February 1940 INTERIOR OF CHURCH BEFORE RESTORATION - Mission San Carlos Borromeo, Rio Road & Lausen Drive, Carmel-by-the-Sea, Monterey County, CA

106

8. Historic American Buildings Survey Illinois State Historical Library, Photographer ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Historic American Buildings Survey Illinois State Historical Library, Photographer SECOND FLOOR HALL LOOKING SOUTH INTO STUDY - David Davis Mansion, Monroe & Davis Streets, Bloomington, McLean County, IL

107

Building Gifted Education: One State at a Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Marland" Report was the impetus and structure to provide a more systematic approach to building state and regional gifted programs. One of the strategies used to proliferate the spread of programming for gifted students throughout the states was the National/State Leadership Training Institute on the Gifted and Talented…

Jolly, Jennifer L.

2014-01-01

108

22 CFR 9b.5 - Temporary Department of State press building passes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Temporary Department of State press building passes. 9b.5 Section 9b.5 Foreign...GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.5 Temporary Department of State press building passes. A media correspondent or...

2010-04-01

109

22 CFR 9b.4 - Department of State building press pass for technical crews.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Department of State building press pass for technical crews. 9b.4 Section 9b...GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.4 Department of State building press pass for technical crews. Department of...

2010-04-01

110

Effect of URM infills on seismic vulnerability of Indian code designed RC frame buildings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unreinforced Masonry (URM) is the most common partitioning material in framed buildings in India and many other countries. Although it is well-known that under lateral loading the behavior and modes of failure of the frame buildings change significantly due to infill-frame interaction, the general design practice is to treat infills as nonstructural elements and their stiffness, strength and interaction with the frame is often ignored, primarily because of difficulties in simulation and lack of modeling guidelines in design codes. The Indian Standard, like many other national codes, does not provide explicit insight into the anticipated performance and associated vulnerability of infilled frames. This paper presents an analytical study on the seismic performance and fragility analysis of Indian code-designed RC frame buildings with and without URM infills. Infills are modeled as diagonal struts as per ASCE 41 guidelines and various modes of failure are considered. HAZUS methodology along with nonlinear static analysis is used to compare the seismic vulnerability of bare and infilled frames. The comparative study suggests that URM infills result in a significant increase in the seismic vulnerability of RC frames and their effect needs to be properly incorporated in design codes.

Haldar, Putul; Singh, Yogendra; Paul, D. K.

2012-03-01

111

United Nations Seminar of Experts on Building Codes and Regulations in Developing Countries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Seminar explored ways in which governments and the international community might build upon the recommendations adopted by HABITAT: the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements. Effort concentrated on examining how building codes and regulations can be adapted to meet the basic needs of the poor. Programs for a graduated or a step-by-step improvement in the quality of life of the least advantaged on a continuous basis is recommended, thus ensuring that the total population can achieve an acceptable standard of living within a reasonable period of time. Within this framework, ten detailed recommendations were approved and are presented.

1980-03-01

112

Code of Regulations State of California  

E-print Network

. Natural Resources Division 2. Department of Conservation Chapter 2. Implementation of The California State of California Title 14. Natural Resources Division 2. Department of Conservation #12;#12;i TABLE, Regulation, and Conservation of Oil and Gas Resources (includes Subchapter 4. Statewide Geothermal

113

Last First Middle City State Zip Code  

E-print Network

by the National Student Clear- ing House) ­ delivery within 2-3 days to most locations. We use the USPS flat rate) overnight delivery to most locations. We must have a complete street address or post office box, city, state.m. will be processed the following work day. Rush Express Mail option is express overnight delivery to most locations

MacAdam, Keith

114

Feedbacks from Focus Group Meeting on Training and Implementation of Building Energy Codes in China  

SciTech Connect

A focus group meeting is a very effective quality research approach to collect information on a specific project. Through focus group meetings at both Changchun and Ningbo in August 2010, the project team gained a more complete understandings of key stakeholders (such as their education level), their training needs and expectations, key factors influencing their decision making, and incurred implementation difficulties. In addition, the meeting helped the project team (especially PNNL) improve its understanding of the implementation status of building energy codes in other regions (such as small cities and counties neighboring to urban areas, small townships and rural areas distant from urban areas). The collected feedbacks will serve as important input not only for better design of training materials and the development of an on-line training website, but also for development of follow-up projects to promote building energy codes in China.

Shui, Bin; Lin , Haiyan; Song, Bo; Halverson, Mark A.; Evans, Meredydd; Zhu, Xiaojiao

2011-01-01

115

National Fire Codes. A Compilation of NFPA Codes, Standards, Recommended Practices, and Manuals. Volume 4: Building Construction and Facilities. 1969-70.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A selected group of NFPA codes and standards pertaining to building construction and facilities is presented. The recommendations are phrased in terms of performance or objectives, the intent being to permit the utilization of any methods, devices or materials which will produce the desired results. The major topics included are--(1) building…

National Fire Protection Association, Boston, MA.

116

Building a State Industrial Energy Efficiency Network  

E-print Network

Industries of the Future brings the tools and resources of the Industrial Technology Program of the Department of Energy to the state level. In addition, with the guidance of an industry-led advisory board, the program has developed conferences and forums...

Ferland, K.

2005-01-01

117

Local equivalence, surface-code states, and matroids  

SciTech Connect

Recently, Ji et al. disproved the local-unitary-local Clifford (LU-LC) conjecture and showed that the local unitary (LU) and local Clifford (LC) equivalence classes of the stabilizer states are not always the same. Despite the fact that this settles the LU-LC conjecture, a sufficient condition for stabilizer states that violate the LU-LC conjecture is not known. In this paper, we investigate further the properties of stabilizer states with respect to local equivalence. Our first result shows that there exist infinitely many stabilizer states that violate the LU-LC conjecture. In particular, we show that for all numbers of qubits n{>=}28, there exist distance-two stabilizer states which are counterexamples to the LU-LC conjecture. We prove that, for all odd n{>=}195, there exist stabilizer states with distance greater than two that are LU equivalent but not LC equivalent. Two important classes of stabilizer states that are of great interest in quantum computation are the cluster states and stabilizer states of the surface codes. We show that, under some minimal restrictions, both these classes of states preclude any counterexamples. In this context, we also show that the associated surface codes do not have any encoded non-Clifford transversal gates. We characterize the Calderbank-Shor-Steane (CSS) surface-code states in terms of a class of minor closed binary matroids. In addition to making a connection to an important open problem in binary matroid theory, this characterization does in some cases provide an efficient test for CSS states that are not counterexamples.

Sarvepalli, Pradeep; Raussendorf, Robert [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1 (Canada)

2010-08-15

118

US Department of Energy Office of Codes and Standards resource book  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Office of Codes and Standards has developed this Resource Book to provide a discussion of DOE involvement in building codes and standards; a current and accurate set of descriptions of residential, commercial, and Federal building codes and standards; information on State contacts, State code status, State building construction unit volume, and State needs; and a list of stockholders in the building energy codes and standards arena.

NONE

1996-01-01

119

Strategies and Challenges for Energy Efficient Retrofitting: Study of the Empire State Building  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Operational and maintenance cost of existing buildings is escalating making it tough for both the owner and the tenants. Retrofitting them with state of the art technologies help them to keep pace with amended recent code provisions and thus extending the older building stocks one more chance to live responsively. Retrofitted iconic buildings can thus retain their status in commerce driven real estate sector. It helps in reducing green house gas emission as well. World's iconic skyscraper, the Empire State Building (ESB), has undergone an exemplary retrofit process since 2008 to reduce its energy demands. To achieve the goal of operational cost and energy consumption reduction, stiff challenges had taken care in a systematic manner to realize benefit throughout the entire lifespan of the ESB. Least disturbances to the tenant and on-site component handling strategies required precise planning. The present paper explores strategies and process adopted for retrofitting the ESB, and derived insightful guidelines towards operational cost savings and energy efficiency of existing buildings through retrofitting.

De, B.; Mukherjee, M.

2013-11-01

120

Sustainable tourism and post-conflict state building  

E-print Network

Chapter 5 Sustainable tourism and post- conflict state building Pranil Kumar Upadhayaya1 Sagar Raj Sharma2 1. Sustainable development and sustainable tourism Sustainable development is a pattern the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The Brundtland report, also known as Our Common

Richner, Heinz

121

Decision-making through performance simulation and code compliance from the early, schematic phases of building design  

E-print Network

1 Decision-making through performance simulation and code compliance from the early, schematic. Keywords. Decision-making, Energy, Codes, Simulation, EN832. 1 Institute for Structural Analysis, Graz://eetd.lbl.gov/BT Abstract. This paper is about the merging of two software applications that allows building decision makers

122

Comparison of ASHRAE Standard 90.1, 189.1 and IECC Codes for Large Office Buildings in Texas  

E-print Network

for comparison of the codes (Ahmad et al. 2005, Kim et al., 2009). METHODOLOGY Overview In order to quantify the savings from the implementation of the different versions of the ASHRAE and IECC codes, a simulation model for a large office was created... they are located is not in use3. Building Form The base-case building is a six story office building as described in studies by Ahmad et al., (2005) and Kim et al., (2009). The aspect ratio for ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1989 is kept at 2.5:1 as prescribed...

Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J.C.; Kim, H.; Haberl, J.

2011-01-01

123

Ground-state coding in partially connected neural networks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Patterns over (-1,0,1) define, by their outer products, partially connected neural networks, consisting of internally strongly connected, externally weakly connected subnetworks. The connectivity patterns may have highly organized structures, such as lattices and fractal trees or nests. Subpatterns over (-1,1) define the subcodes stored in the subnetwork, that agree in their common bits. It is first shown that the code words are locally stable stares of the network, provided that each of the subcodes consists of mutually orthogonal words or of, at most, two words. Then it is shown that if each of the subcodes consists of two orthogonal words, the code words are the unique ground states (absolute minima) of the Hamiltonian associated with the network. The regions of attraction associated with the code words are shown to grow with the number of subnetworks sharing each of the neurons. Depending on the particular network architecture, the code sizes of partially connected networks can be vastly greater than those of fully connected ones and their error correction capabilities can be significantly greater than those of the disconnected subnetworks. The codes associated with lattice-structured and hierarchical networks are discussed in some detail.

Baram, Yoram

1989-01-01

124

NASA Lewis steady-state heat pipe code users manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Lewis heat pipe code was developed to predict the performance of heat pipes in the steady state. The code can be used as a design tool on a personal computer or with a suitable calling routine, as a subroutine for a mainframe radiator code. A variety of wick structures, including a user input option, can be used. Heat pipes with multiple evaporators, condensers, and adiabatic sections in series and with wick structures that differ among sections can be modeled. Several working fluids can be chosen, including potassium, sodium, and lithium, for which monomer-dimer equilibrium is considered. The code incorporates a vapor flow algorithm that treats compressibility and axially varying heat input. This code facilitates the determination of heat pipe operating temperatures and heat pipe limits that may be encountered at the specified heat input and environment temperature. Data are input to the computer through a user-interactive input subroutine. Output, such as liquid and vapor pressures and temperatures, is printed at equally spaced axial positions along the pipe as determined by the user.

Tower, Leonard K.; Baker, Karl W.; Marks, Timothy S.

1992-01-01

125

Lessons Learned from Continuous Commissioning of the Robert E. Johnson State Office Building, Austin, TX  

E-print Network

The Robert E. Johnson State Office building is a 5-story, 303,389 square foot office building built in 2000 located in downtown Austin, TX. The original building design included a number of energy conservation measures that were incorporated...

Bynum, J.; Claridge, D. E.

2008-09-22

126

A Plastic Temporal Brain Code for Conscious State Generation  

PubMed Central

Consciousness is known to be limited in processing capacity and often described in terms of a unique processing stream across a single dimension: time. In this paper, we discuss a purely temporal pattern code, functionally decoupled from spatial signals, for conscious state generation in the brain. Arguments in favour of such a code include Dehaene et al.'s long-distance reverberation postulate, Ramachandran's remapping hypothesis, evidence for a temporal coherence index and coincidence detectors, and Grossberg's Adaptive Resonance Theory. A time-bin resonance model is developed, where temporal signatures of conscious states are generated on the basis of signal reverberation across large distances in highly plastic neural circuits. The temporal signatures are delivered by neural activity patterns which, beyond a certain statistical threshold, activate, maintain, and terminate a conscious brain state like a bar code would activate, maintain, or inactivate the electronic locks of a safe. Such temporal resonance would reflect a higher level of neural processing, independent from sensorial or perceptual brain mechanisms. PMID:19644552

Dresp-Langley, Birgitta; Durup, Jean

2009-01-01

127

What`s new in codes and standards Office of Building Technologies (OBT) - building standards and guidelines  

SciTech Connect

Technical feasibility and cost-effectiveness are key to designing and constructing buildings that are more comfortable than today`s buildings yet require less than one-third as much energy. However, several market barriers prevent architects and builders from doing so. Those who design and construct buildings - often not the same as those who own and operate the buildings - tend to focus on first cost rather than operating costs. Building operating costs are often hidden and passed on to others. Information on the feasibility, cost, and benefits of improving building energy efficiency is often not available.

NONE

1995-09-01

128

New Medical Education Building Features State-of-the-Art Labs, Library, Classroom Technology  

E-print Network

New Medical Education Building Features State-of-the-Art Labs, Library, Classroom Technology The UCF College of Medicines new state-of-the-art medical education building at Lake Nona features and patient care. As part of that effort, the four-story medical education building includes state-of-the-art

Wu, Shin-Tson

129

International Code Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Code Council is �a membership association dedicated to building safety and fire prevention, develops the codes used to construct residential and commercial buildings, including homes and schools. Most U.S. cities, counties and states that adopt codes choose the International Codes developed by the International Code Council.� Although some sections of the site are reserved for members only (which requires a fee), there is a remarkable amount of material available to non-members. Available on the website are details about codes development, how to acquire an opinion on a code from multiple sources and how to reach a building code liaison for your locality. Under the �Certification and Testing� tab, users can find sample certification exam questions as well as outlines. The site also provides links to various periodicals, ICC meetings and also includes an event calendar to see dates for industry conferences and upcoming trade shows.

130

28 CFR 36.608 - Guidance concerning model codes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Guidance concerning model codes. 36.608 Section 36.608 Judicial Administration...Certification of State Laws or Local Building Codes § 36.608 Guidance concerning model codes. Upon application by an authorized...

2010-07-01

131

Improving Building Construction Specifications in State and Local Governments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

State and local governments can benefit from master specifications systems that centralize data on all types of building materials, products, and processes. Most of these systems are organized according to the MASTERFORMAT system, which, along with guide specifications that require the insertion or deletion of standardized information, resulted from the specific needs of users and providers. For jurisdictions preparing their own specifications, staff time and cost are reduced. For those subcontracting the preparation, master specifications provide a means of evaluating the specifications submitted. Current management specification systems described include SPECINTACT, OMSPEC, MASTERPEC, and the NAVFAC, Corps of Engineers, and GSA guide specifications.

1980-01-01

132

Historic building documentation in the united states, 1933-2000: the historic american buildings survey, a case study  

E-print Network

) __________________________ Vivian Paul (Member) May 2005 Major Subject: Architecture iii ABSTRACT Historic Building Documentation in the United States, 1933-2000: The Historic American Buildings Survey, A... to several individuals who participated on this project. Endless thanks are extended to Mardelle Shepley, Yvonna Lincoln, Vivian Paul, Richard Anderson, staff and former staff of HABS, and other respondents for their time, insight, and friendship during...

Komas, Tanya Wattenburg

2005-08-29

133

75 FR 17644 - Update to NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, for State Home Facilities  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...38 CFR Part 51 RIN 2900-AN59 Update to NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, for State Home...National Fire Protection Association's NFPA 101, Life Safety Code. This change is...response to ``RIN 2900-AN59--Update to NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, for State...

2010-04-07

134

Joint China-United States Report for Year 1 Insulation Materials and Systems Project Area Clean Energy Research Center Building Energy Efficiency (CERC-BEE)  

SciTech Connect

In November of 2009, the presidents of China and the U.S. announced the establishment of the Clean Energy Research Center (CERC). This broad research effort is co-funded by both countries and involves a large number of research centers and universities in both countries. One part of this program is focused on improving the energy efficiency of buildings. One portion of the CERC-BEE was focused on building insulation systems. The research objective of this effort was to Identify and investigate candidate high performance fire resistant building insulation technologies that meet the goal of building code compliance for exterior wall applications in green buildings in multiple climate zones. A Joint Work Plan was established between researchers at the China Academy of Building Research and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Efforts in the first year under this plan focused on information gathering. The objective of this research program is to reduce building energy use in China via improved building insulation technology. In cold regions in China, residents often use inefficient heating systems to provide a minimal comfort level within inefficient buildings. In warmer regions, air conditioning has not been commonly used. As living standards rise, energy consumption in these regions will increase dramatically unless significant improvements are made in building energy performance. Previous efforts that defined the current state of the built environment in China and in the U.S. will be used in this research. In countries around the world, building improvements have typically followed the implementation of more stringent building codes. There have been several changes in building codes in both the U.S. and China within the last few years. New U.S. building codes have increased the amount of wall insulation required in new buildings. New government statements from multiple agencies in China have recently changed the requirements for buildings in terms of energy efficiency and fire safety. A related issue is the degree to which new standards are adopted and enforced. In the U.S., standards are developed using a consensus process, and local government agencies are free to implement these standards or to ignore them. For example, some U.S. states are still using 2003 versions of the building efficiency standards. There is also a great variation in the degree to which the locally adopted standards are enforced in different U.S. cities and states. With a more central process in China, these issues are different, but possible impacts of variable enforcement efficacy may also exist. Therefore, current building codes in China will be compared to the current state of building fire-safety and energy-efficiency codes in the U.S. and areas for possible improvements in both countries will be explored. In particular, the focus of the applications in China will be on green buildings. The terminology of 'green buildings' has different meanings to different audiences. The U.S. research is interested in both new, green buildings, and on retrofitting existing inefficient buildings. An initial effort will be made to clarify the scope of the pertinent wall insulation systems for these applications.

Stovall, Therese K [ORNL; Biswas, Kaushik [ORNL; Song, Bo [China Academy of Building Research; Zhang, Sisi [China Academy of Building Research

2012-08-01

135

Study of controlled dense coding with some discrete tripartite and quadripartite states  

E-print Network

The paper presents the detailed study of controlled dense coding scheme for different types of $3$ and $4-$ particle states. It consists of GHZ state, GHZ type states, Maximal Slice state, Four particle GHZ state and W class of states. It is shown that GHZ-type states can be used for controlled dense coding in a probabilistic sense. We have shown relations among parameter of GHZ type state, concurrence of the shared bipartite state by two parties with respect to GHZ type and Charlie's measurement angle $\\theta$. We have seen that tripartite W state and quadripartite W state cannot be used in controlled dense coding whereas $\\vert W_{n}\\rangle_{ABC}$ states can be used probabilistically. Finally, we have investigated controlled dense coding scheme for tripartite qutrit states.

Sovik Roy; Biplab Ghosh

2014-08-17

136

Heat recovery and thermal storage : a study of the Massachusetts State Transportation Building  

E-print Network

A study of the energy system at the Massachusetts State Transportation Building was conducted. This innovative energy system utilizes internal-source heat pumps and a water thermal storage system to provide building heating ...

Bjorklund, Abbe Ellen

1986-01-01

137

CONTRACTOR NAME CONTRACT # CONTRACT ADDRESS LINE 1 CITY STATE ZIP CODE CONTACT  

E-print Network

CONTRACTOR NAME CONTRACT # CONTRACT START CONTRACT EXPIRE ADDRESS LINE 1 CITY STATE ZIP CODE Peshka 860-298-6283 CONTRACTOR NAME CONTRACT # CONTRACT START CONTRACT EXPIRE ADDRESS LINE 1 CITY STATE NAME CONTRACT # CONTRACT START CONTRACT EXPIRE ADDRESS LINE 1 CITY STATE ZIP CODE CONTACT NAME CONTACT

Alpay, S. Pamir

138

Comparative Study on Code-based Linear Evaluation of an Existing RC Building Damaged during 1998 Adana-Ceyhan Earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Determination of seismic performance of existing buildings has become one of the key concepts in structural analysis topics after recent earthquakes (i.e. Izmit and Duzce Earthquakes in 1999, Kobe Earthquake in 1995 and Northridge Earthquake in 1994). Considering the need for precise assessment tools to determine seismic performance level, most of earthquake hazardous countries try to include performance based assessment in their seismic codes. Recently, Turkish Earthquake Code 2007 (TEC'07), which was put into effect in March 2007, also introduced linear and non-linear assessment procedures to be applied prior to building retrofitting. In this paper, a comparative study is performed on the code-based seismic assessment of RC buildings with linear static methods of analysis, selecting an existing RC building. The basic principles dealing the procedure of seismic performance evaluations for existing RC buildings according to Eurocode 8 and TEC'07 will be outlined and compared. Then the procedure is applied to a real case study building is selected which is exposed to 1998 Adana-Ceyhan Earthquake in Turkey, the seismic action of Ms = 6.3 with a maximum ground acceleration of 0.28 g It is a six-storey RC residential building with a total of 14.65 m height, composed of orthogonal frames, symmetrical in y direction and it does not have any significant structural irregularities. The rectangular shaped planar dimensions are 16.40 m×7.80 m = 127.90 m2 with five spans in x and two spans in y directions. It was reported that the building had been moderately damaged during the 1998 earthquake and retrofitting process was suggested by the authorities with adding shear-walls to the system. The computations show that the performing methods of analysis with linear approaches using either Eurocode 8 or TEC'07 independently produce similar performance levels of collapse for the critical storey of the structure. The computed base shear value according to Eurocode is much higher than the requirements of the Turkish Earthquake Code while the selected ground conditions represent the same characteristics. The main reason is that the ordinate of the horizontal elastic response spectrum for Eurocode 8 is increased by the soil factor. In TEC'07 force-based linear assessment, the seismic demands at cross-sections are to be checked with residual moment capacities; however, the chord rotations of primary ductile elements must be checked for Eurocode safety verifications. On the other hand, the demand curvatures from linear methods of analysis of Eurocode 8 together with TEC'07 are almost similar.

Toprak, A. Emre; Gülay, F. Gülten; Ruge, Peter

2008-07-01

139

Comparative Study on Code-based Linear Evaluation of an Existing RC Building Damaged during 1998 Adana-Ceyhan Earthquake  

SciTech Connect

Determination of seismic performance of existing buildings has become one of the key concepts in structural analysis topics after recent earthquakes (i.e. Izmit and Duzce Earthquakes in 1999, Kobe Earthquake in 1995 and Northridge Earthquake in 1994). Considering the need for precise assessment tools to determine seismic performance level, most of earthquake hazardous countries try to include performance based assessment in their seismic codes. Recently, Turkish Earthquake Code 2007 (TEC'07), which was put into effect in March 2007, also introduced linear and non-linear assessment procedures to be applied prior to building retrofitting. In this paper, a comparative study is performed on the code-based seismic assessment of RC buildings with linear static methods of analysis, selecting an existing RC building. The basic principles dealing the procedure of seismic performance evaluations for existing RC buildings according to Eurocode 8 and TEC'07 will be outlined and compared. Then the procedure is applied to a real case study building is selected which is exposed to 1998 Adana-Ceyhan Earthquake in Turkey, the seismic action of Ms = 6.3 with a maximum ground acceleration of 0.28 g It is a six-storey RC residential building with a total of 14.65 m height, composed of orthogonal frames, symmetrical in y direction and it does not have any significant structural irregularities. The rectangular shaped planar dimensions are 16.40 mx7.80 m = 127.90 m{sup 2} with five spans in x and two spans in y directions. It was reported that the building had been moderately damaged during the 1998 earthquake and retrofitting process was suggested by the authorities with adding shear-walls to the system. The computations show that the performing methods of analysis with linear approaches using either Eurocode 8 or TEC'07 independently produce similar performance levels of collapse for the critical storey of the structure. The computed base shear value according to Eurocode is much higher than the requirements of the Turkish Earthquake Code while the selected ground conditions represent the same characteristics. The main reason is that the ordinate of the horizontal elastic response spectrum for Eurocode 8 is increased by the soil factor. In TEC'07 force-based linear assessment, the seismic demands at cross-sections are to be checked with residual moment capacities; however, the chord rotations of primary ductile elements must be checked for Eurocode safety verifications. On the other hand, the demand curvatures from linear methods of analysis of Eurocode 8 together with TEC'07 are almost similar.

Toprak, A. Emre; Guelay, F. Guelten [Istanbul Technical University, Department of Civil Eng., Maslak, Istanbul, 34469 (Turkey); Ruge, Peter [Technische Universitaet Dresden, Institut fuer Statik und Dynamik der Tragwerke, Dresden, 01062 (Germany)

2008-07-08

140

Building a State Coalition for Nursing Home Excellence  

PubMed Central

Purpose of the Study: This article describes the successful evolution of a state coalition for nursing home excellence that brought together organizations that had once worked in silos to improve the quality of care through the implementation of culture change for Arkansas’ 240 nursing homes with 27,700 residents. Design and Methods: The Coalition was established in 2004 when stakeholders were invited to participate in a retreat to explore how they could come together with a common goal to improve the care of older Arkansans. These stakeholders were encouraged to bring their organization’s perspectives to the Coalition and determine ways to work with others. The continuous refinement of the Coalition’s activities involved revisiting goals of the Coalition, assessing the need for other stakeholders, identifying gaps and overlaps in quality and culture change programming, and providing feedback to Coalition members. Results: The Coalition stakeholders had the leadership to articulate and mobilize others around a common vision of improving quality of care in nursing homes through culture change. Over time, the Coalition members developed a willingness to share resources and to speak as one voice. Implications: Stakeholders from diverse organizations and governing bodies can come together to complement each other’s work and collaborate on programs to build a better system of care for the frail and elderly persons across a state. The success of this statewide effort lends support for policies that encourage regional coalitions of providers to improve care. PMID:24443610

Beck, Cornelia

2014-01-01

141

Building Aid Shortchanges the Big Cities: The Distribution of Building Aid to New York State School Districts, 1992-1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assesses the funding efforts of New York State's Building Aid program, and it shows that financial support for school district equipment and capital outlays has been less, over the last 7 years, for the state's "big five" school districts than for the average district in New York, and far less than for other districts of similar wealth.…

Widerquist, Karl

142

76 FR 11339 - Update to NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, for State Home Facilities  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...38 CFR Part 51 RIN 2900-AN59 Update to NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, for State Home...National Fire Protection Association's NFPA 101, Life Safety Code. The change is...National Fire Protection Association's NFPA 101, Life Safety Code (2009...

2011-03-02

143

New residential construction compliance: Evaluation of the Washington State Energy Code program  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the Pacific Northwest Laboratory`s (PNL`s) evaluation of the Washington State Energy Code Program (WSECP). In 1990, the Washington State Legislature passed a residential energy efficiency code to be effective July 1, 1992. Bonneville supported passage and implementation of the code to ensure that new residences in the State of Washington were as energy efficient as economically feasible. The Washington State Energy Office (WSEO) is conducting the WSECP for Bonneville to support code implementation. This support takes several forms, including providing training to code enforcement officials, technical support both in the field and through telephone ``hot lines,`` and computerized tools to review house plans for code compliance. WSEO began implementing the WSECP in 1992, prior to the effective date of the new code. This first phase of the WSECP was the subject of an earlier process evaluation conducted by PNL. From that evaluation PNL found that most new homes being built immediately after the code went into effect were ``grand-fathered`` under the old code. The training program for the new code was in place and sessions were being attended by the jurisdictions but it was too early to determine if the training was effective in improving code compliance and easing the transition to the new energy code. That is the subject of this evaluation.

Warwick, W.M.; Lee, A.D.; Sandahl, L.J.; Durfee, D.L.; Richman, E.E.

1993-07-01

144

Quantum steganography with a large payload based on dense coding and entanglement swapping of Greenberger—Horne—Zeilinger states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A quantum steganography protocol with a large payload is proposed based on the dense coding and the entanglement swapping of the Greenberger—Horne—Zeilinger (GHZ) states. Its super quantum channel is formed by building up a hidden channel within the original quantum secure direct communication (QSDC) scheme. Based on the original QSDC, secret messages are transmitted by integrating the dense coding and the entanglement swapping of the GHZ states. The capacity of the super quantum channel achieves six bits per round covert communication, much higher than the previous quantum steganography protocols. Its imperceptibility is good, since the information and the secret messages can be regarded to be random or pseudo-random. Moreover, its security is proved to be reliable.

Ye, Tian-Yu; Jiang, Li-Zhen

2013-05-01

145

Whether a Building or a State of Mind, the Central Office Must Evolve  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central office is both a physical place and a state of mind. In some school systems, the central office is a separate building located away from schools. In other communities, the office is housed in one of the school buildings. When someone mentions "central office," they may not be referring only to the building. They may also mean the tip…

Mizell, Hayes

2010-01-01

146

Impact of Climate Change Heating and Cooling Energy Use in Buildings in the United States  

E-print Network

1 Impact of Climate Change Heating and Cooling Energy Use in Buildings in the United States Haojie activities in buildings. One area directly affected by climate change is the energy consumption for heating to systematically study the climate change impact on various types of residential and commercial buildings in all 7

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

147

Seismic fragility assessment of RC frame structure designed according to modern Chinese code for seismic design of buildings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following several damaging earthquakes in China, research has been devoted to find the causes of the collapse of reinforced concrete (RC) building sand studying the vulnerability of existing buildings. The Chinese Code for Seismic Design of Buildings (CCSDB) has evolved over time, however, there is still reported earthquake induced damage of newly designed RC buildings. Thus, to investigate modern Chinese seismic design code, three low-, mid- and high-rise RC frames were designed according to the 2010 CCSDB and the corresponding vulnerability curves were derived by computing a probabilistic seismic demand model (PSDM).The PSDM was computed by carrying out nonlinear time history analysis using thirty ground motions obtained from the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center. Finally, the PSDM was used to generate fragility curves for immediate occupancy, significant damage, and collapse prevention damage levels. Results of the vulnerability assessment indicate that the seismic demands on the three different frames designed according to the 2010 CCSDB meet the seismic requirements and are almost in the same safety level.

Wu, D.; Tesfamariam, S.; Stiemer, S. F.; Qin, D.

2012-09-01

148

A blind dual color images watermarking based on IWT and state coding  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, a state-coding based blind watermarking algorithm is proposed to embed color image watermark to color host image. The technique of state coding, which makes the state code of data set be equal to the hiding watermark information, is introduced in this paper. When embedding watermark, using Integer Wavelet Transform (IWT) and the rules of state coding, these components, R, G and B, of color image watermark are embedded to these components, Y, Cr and Cb, of color host image. Moreover, the rules of state coding are also used to extract watermark from the watermarked image without resorting to the original watermark or original host image. Experimental results show that the proposed watermarking algorithm cannot only meet the demand on invisibility and robustness of the watermark, but also have well performance compared with other proposed methods considered in this work.

Su, Qingtang; Niu, Yugang; Liu, Xianxi; Zhu, Yu

2012-04-01

149

Impact of 2001 Building Technology, state and community programs on United States employment and wage income  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of programs on national employment and income. A special purpose version of the IMPLAN input-output model allied In Build is used in this study of all 38 BTS programs included in the FY2001 federal budget. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and wage income are reported by program for selected years to the year 2030. Energy savings from these programs have the potential of creating a total of nearly 332,000 jobs and about $5.3 billion in wage income (1995$) by the year 2030. Because the required investments to achieve these savings are capital intensive, the net effect after investment is 304,000 jobs and $5.0 billion.

MJ Scott; DJ Hostick; DB Elliott

2000-03-20

150

Accepting Gifts of Building Materials Page 1 of 3 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University No. 12105 Rev.: 2  

E-print Network

Accepting Gifts of Building Materials Page 1 of 3 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State __________________________________________________________________________________ Subject: Accepting Gifts of Building Materials.......................................................................................................................................2 1. Purpose The university, recognizing the value of gifted building materials for construction

Virginia Tech

151

A Comparison of the 2003 and 2006 International Energy Conservation Codes to Determine the Potential Impact on Residential Building Energy Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

The IECC was updated in 2006. As required in the Energy Conservation and Production Act of 1992, Title 3, DOE has a legislative requirement to "determine whether such revision would improve energy efficiency in residential buildings" within 12 months of the latest revision. This requirement is part of a three-year cycle of regular code updates. To meet this requirement, an independent review was completed using personnel experienced in building science but not involved in the code development process.

Stovall, Therese K [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL

2008-03-01

152

Comparison of the Supplement to the 2004 IECC to the Current New York Energy Conservation Code - Residential Buildings  

SciTech Connect

The New York State Department of State requested the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to prepare a report consisting of two components. The first component is an analysis comparing the effects on energy usage as a result of implementation of the 2004 Supplement to the IECC with the current New York code. The second component is an engineering analysis to determine whether additional costs of compliance with the proposal would be equal to or less than the present value of anticipated energy savings over a 10-year period. Under DOE's direction, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) completed the requested assessment of the potential code upgrade.

Lucas, Robert G.

2004-09-01

153

Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Utah  

SciTech Connect

The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the current Utah code, the 2006 IECC. The most notable changes are improved duct sealing and efficient lighting requirements. A limited analysis of these changes resulted in estimated savings of $168 to $188 for an average new house in Utah at recent fuel prices.

Cole, Pamala C.; Lucas, Robert G.

2009-05-01

154

Building Bridges: A Comprehensive System for Healthy Development and School Readiness. Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series, Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is designed to support the planning and implementation of the Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems (SECCS) Initiative. It addresses a set of principles that these agencies can use to advance their planning process, reach out to new partners, develop collaborative strategies, and build

Halfon, Neal; Uyeda, Kimberly; Inkelas, Moira; Rice, Thomas

2004-01-01

155

Large Hospital Buildings in the United States in 2007  

EIA Publications

Hospitals consume large amounts of energy because of how they are run and the many people that use them. They are open 24 hours a day; thousands of employees, patients, and visitors occupy the buildings daily; and sophisticated heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems control the temperatures and air flow. In addition, many energy intensive activities occur in these buildings: laundry, medical and lab equipment use, sterilization, computer and server use, food service, and refrigeration.

2012-01-01

156

code  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Numeric value assigned to textual data; e.g. for diagnoses: SNOMED (of the College of American Pathologists), ICD-9 c., ICD-10 c., read clinical classification for diagnoses, signs, symptoms and history; for adverse events: who-adverse reaction terminology\\/who-adverse reaction dictionary or FDA’s COSTART (Coding System for a Thesaurus of Adverse Reaction Terms); for coding medications or treatments resp.: who-drug Dictionary and drug reference

Gerhard Nahler

157

Building a Hydrodynamics Code with Kinetic Theory This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-print Network

Building a Hydrodynamics Code with Kinetic Theory This article has been downloaded from IOPscience to the journal homepage for more Home Search Collections Journals About Contact us My IOPscience #12;Building simulations and focus here on the Sedov blast wave test. The blast wave problem describes the evolution

Bauer, Wolfgang

158

Independent assessment of the steady state fuel rod analysis code FRAPCON-1  

SciTech Connect

The predictive capabilities of the steady state fuel rod behavior program, FRAPCON-1, have been independently assessed. FRAPCON-1 code predictions of fuel behavior are compared with experimental data for test rods and with predictions from the FRAP-S3 code for commercial design rods. The code-to-data comparisons are used to assess the accuracy of fuel rod thermal, pressure, deformation, and corrosion models under steady state operating conditions. The code-to-code comparisons are used to identify the effects of model differences between FRAPCON-1 and the previously assessed fuel behavior code, FRAP-S3. On the basis of results of these studies, conclusions are given regarding present model capabilities and future development needs.

Laats, E.T.; Peeler, G.B.; Scofield, N.R.

1980-06-01

159

Independent assessment of the steady state fuel rod analysis code FRAPCON-1  

SciTech Connect

The predictive capabilities of the steady state fuel rod behavior program, FRAPCON-1, have been independently assessed. FRAPCON-1 code predictions of fuel behavior are compared with experimental data for test rods and with predictions from the FRAP-S3 code for commercial design rods. The code-to-data comparisons are used to assess the accuracy of fuel rod thermal, pressure, deformation, and corrosion models under steady state operating conditions. The code-to-code comparisons are used to identify the effects of model differences between FRAPCON-1 and the previously assessed fuel behavior code, FRAP-S3. On the basis of results of these studies, conclusions are given regarding present model capabilities and future development needs.

Laats, E.T.; Peeler, G.B.; Scofield, N.R.

1980-05-01

160

Error-Correcting Codes for Semiconductor Memory Applications: A State-of-the-Art Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a state-of-the-art review of error-correcting codes for computer semiconductor memory applications. The construction of four classes of error-correcting codes appropriate for semiconductor memory designs is described, and for each class of codes the number of check bits required for commonly used data lengths is provided. The implementation aspects of error correction and error detection are also discussed,

Chin-long Chen

1984-01-01

161

Analyses of seismic performance of a code designed reinforced concrete building  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the inelastic seismic performance of a 12-story reinforced concrete (RC) building. The building utilizes a structural system with moment-resisting frames in the longitudinal direction and a dual structural system consisting of coupled shearwalls and moment-resisting frames in the transverse direction. The frame elements, the shearwalls and the coupling beams are sized and detailed on the basis of

Javeed A. Munshi; Satyendra K. Ghosh

1998-01-01

162

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey CODE OF ETHICS: GENERAL CONDUCT  

E-print Network

- 1 - Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey CODE OF ETHICS: GENERAL CONDUCT I or appearance of conflict of interest, as defined by the provisions of the New Jersey Conflicts of Interest Law conflict This Code of Ethics was adopted by Rutgers University in accordance with the New Jersey

Shepp, Larry

163

[ HIGH PERFORMANCE BUILDING STANDARD] STATE OF MONTANA HIGH PERFORMANCE BUILDING STANDARDS  

E-print Network

with the intent of Light Pollution Prevention (LEED Credit SS 8). Minimize light trespass from the building with the intent of Construction Activity Pollution Prevention (LEED SS Prerequisite 1). Reduce pollution from, reducing or eliminating pollution from stormwater runoff and eliminating contaminants. E. Comply

Dyer, Bill

164

Engineering of building automation systems — State-of-the-art, deficits, approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growing flexibility along with conversion, growing employee productivity and improvements in security are increasingly become the focus of interest in state-of-the-art buildings. Energy efficiency is a further essential aspect, which is associated with factors such as lower utilization costs. A modern and integrated building automation system is necessary to fulfill these demands. The engineering process provides the basis for developing

Stefan Runde; Achim Heidemann; Alexander Fay; Peer Schmidt

2010-01-01

165

Building a Low-Cost Eye Tracker Pennsylvania State University Brite Lab  

E-print Network

1 Building a Low-Cost Eye Tracker Pennsylvania State University Brite Lab Sponsors: Dr. Scarlett project aims to design and build a low-cost eye tracking system for use in determining the effectiveness. Our research included analysis of low-cost systems designed by other universities as well as high-cost

Demirel, Melik C.

166

Module Title: Solid state and ultrafast lasers Module Code: OPTO6002  

E-print Network

1 Module Title: Solid state and ultrafast lasers Module Code: OPTO6002 Core. Aims The aim of the course is to provide knowledge of solid state and ultrafast lasers as fundamental. Appreciate the potential variety of solid state lasers, with their various advantages and disadvantages A2

Southampton, University of

167

22 CFR 9b.7 - Procedures for denial, revocation, or non-renewal of Department of State press building passes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...non-renewal of Department of State press building passes. 9b.7 Section 9b.7 Foreign...GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.7 Procedures for denial...non-renewal of Department of State press building passes. (a) If the Director of the...

2010-04-01

168

22 CFR 9b.6 - Grounds for denial, revocation, or non-renewal of Department of State press building passes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...non-renewal of Department of State press building passes. 9b.6 Section 9b.6 Foreign...GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.6 Grounds for denial, revocation...non-renewal of Department of State press building passes. In consultation with the...

2010-04-01

169

Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-8567  

E-print Network

Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-8567 Tel 541-737-7600 | Fax 541-737-7914 | osustudent.insurance@oregonstate.edu http an assistantship Address __________________________ Phone: __________________________ The Insurance charge

Tullos, Desiree

170

Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-8567  

E-print Network

Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-8567 Tel 541-737-7600 | Fax 541-737-7914 | osustudent.insurance@oregonstate.edu http. Address __________________________ Phone: __________________________ The Insurance charge will be charged

Tullos, Desiree

171

11 CFR 100.84 - Office building for State, local, or district party committees or organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

A donation made to a non-Federal account of a State, local, or district party committee or organization in accordance with 11 CFR 300.35 for the purchase or construction of an office building is not a...

2010-01-01

172

The limits of state building : the politics of war and the ideology of peace  

E-print Network

When can the international community build strong state institutions - such as security forces or electoral institutions - in post-conflict societies? An influential technical perspective argues that authority, resources, ...

Radin, Andrew M. (Andrew Marc)

2012-01-01

173

Build Notifications in Agile Environments Abstract. In an agile software development environment, developers write code  

E-print Network

Build Notifications in Agile Environments Abstract. In an agile software development environment-mail describing the problem in more detail. Keywords: Agile methods, information awareness, ambient display, continuous integration 1 Introduction Agile methods [1] are becoming popular in the software industry

Denzinger, Jörg

174

Code intercomparison builds confidence in numerical simulation models for geologic disposal of CO 2  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerical simulators were exercised on a suite of test problems for CO2 disposal in saline aquifers and depleting oil and gas reservoirs. Intercomparison of results reveals broad agreement in most areas, but also points out sensitivities to fluid properties and discretization approaches that need further study. Currently available simulation codes were shown capable of modeling the complex phenomena accompanying geologic

Karsten Pruess; Julio García; Tony Kovscek; Curt Oldenburg; Jonny Rutqvist; Carl Steefel; Tianfu Xu

2004-01-01

175

Recommendations for 2009 IECC 15% Above Code Energy Efficiency Measures for Residential Buildings  

E-print Network

: Climate Zone 2, 3, and 4, and the 2009 IECC code-compliance base-case models were constructed for each climate zone. Two options based on the choice of heating fuel type were considered: (a) natural gas (gas-fired furnace for space heating, and gas water...

Kim, H.; Liu, Z.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Montgomery, C.

176

Building Stone of the United States: The NIST Test Wall  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report explains how the NIST test wall was constructed to study the performance and durability of various building stones under uniform climatic conditions. It was built by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in 1948 and is currently located at their facility in Gaithersburg, Maryland. Users may read and see pictures of the wall's physical features, its orientation, and search among descriptions and pictures of the various types of stone which are incorporated into the wall.

Raz, Jaime; Stutzman, Paul

177

Environmental impacts of building integrated PV applications in the state public buildings sector  

SciTech Connect

If the US is to meet its commitments for CO{sub 2} and SO{sub 2} emission reductions, as anticipated by the 1997 Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change and the Clean air Act Amendments of 1990, it almost certainly must implement policies to increase the use of renewable energy. This paper evaluates the potential of photovoltaic (PV) technologies to deliver high-value electrical services while offsetting SO{sub 2} and CO{sub 2} emissions. Their study focuses on PV applications in the public buildings sector because of its potential for speeding the commercialization of the technology in a market conducive to long-term return on investment. The study investigates the economic and environmental implications of PV meeting 2% of the energy demand of public buildings. The specific application investigated is a roof-mounted dispatchable peak-shaving system with uninterruptible power supply (UPS) capability. Several previous studies have shown that such a system is cost-effective on the basis of the energy services it provides. The present analysis indicates that this application can play an important role in helping the US meet its CO{sub 2} and SO{sub 2} emissions targets.

Byrne, J.; Agbemabiese, L.; Kliesch, J.; Eiffert, P.; Hadjilambrinos, C.; Nigro, R.

1999-07-01

178

Lebanon: Cedar revolution, Summer War and state building  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the summer of 2006 war was waged between Israel and Hezbollah, mainly on\\u000aLebanese territory. Most of the victims were coming from the population of that country.\\u000aHowever, the state of Lebanon and its government were conspicuously absent. The\\u000aconflict was one between the state of Israel and Hezbollah, a so-called non-state actor,\\u000aan organisation with a politico-societal character

Theo Brinkel

2009-01-01

179

A Collaborative Federal/State Evaluation: The State Capacity Building Grants Program on Dissemination, The Federal Program Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evolution, operation, and evaluation of the State Dissemination Grants Program are described. This collaborative effort between the National Institute of Education (NIE) and the State Education Agencies (SEA's) is the third stage in a program development process begun by NIE in 1970 as one of five elements in a dissemination capacity building…

Haughey, Charles F.

180

An adaptive coded aperture imager: building, testing and trialing a super-resolving terrestrial demonstrator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is an increasingly important requirement for day and night, wide field of view imaging and tracking for both imaging and sensing applications. Applications include military, security and remote sensing. We describe the development of a proof of concept demonstrator of an adaptive coded-aperture imager operating in the mid-wave infrared to address these requirements. This consists of a coded-aperture mask, a set of optics and a 4k x 4k focal plane array (FPA). This system can produce images with a resolution better than that achieved by the detector pixel itself (i.e. superresolution) by combining multiple frames of data recorded with different coded-aperture mask patterns. This superresolution capability has been demonstrated both in the laboratory and in imaging of real-world scenes, the highest resolution achieved being ½ the FPA pixel pitch. The resolution for this configuration is currently limited by vibration and theoretically ¼ pixel pitch should be possible. Comparisons have been made between conventional and ACAI solutions to these requirements and show significant advantages in size, weight and cost for the ACAI approach.

Slinger, Christopher W.; Bennett, Charlotte R.; Dyer, Gavin; Gilholm, Kevin; Gordon, Neil; Huckridge, David; McNie, Mark; Penney, Richard W.; Proudler, Ian K.; Rice, Kevin; Ridley, Kevin D.; Russell, Lee; de Villiers, Geoffrey D.; Watson, Philip J.

2011-09-01

181

Bandera: extracting finite-state models from Java source code  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finite-state verification techniques, such as model checking, have shown promise as a cost-effective means for finding defects in hardware designs. To date, the application of these techniques to software has been hindered by several obstacles. Chief among these is the problem of constructing a finite-state model that approximates the executable behavior of the software system of interest. Current best-practice involves

James C. Corbett; Matthew B. Dwyer; John Hatcliff; Shawn Laubach; C. S. Pasareanu; Robby; Hongjun Zheng

2000-01-01

182

State-based Modeling of Buildings and Facilities  

E-print Network

to an intelligent monitoring. DIN EN ISO 16484 proposes a method to describe functional requirements in an easy to understand way. We extended its use of state machines to our proposed concept of state based modeling. This proved to be a wholesome approach to easily...

Fisch, M.N.; Pinkernell, C.; Look, M.; Plesser, S.; Rumpe, B.

2011-01-01

183

Quasi-States, Nation-Building, and Terrorist Safe Havens  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unintended consequences are hardly a surprise in the messy and chaotic context of collapsed states like Somalia and Afghanistan. But in this instance the problem is also the result of a partial misdiagnosis of the relationship between terrorism and failed states - a product of conventional wisdom led astray by a seemingly self-evident set of assumptions about the kinds of

Ken Menkhaus

184

Implementation of standard quantum error-correction codes for solid-state qubits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In quantum error-correcting code (QECC), many quantum operations and measurements are necessary to correct errors in logical qubits. In the stabilizer formalism, which is widely used in QECC, generators Gi(i=1,2,...) consist of multiples of Pauli matrices and perform encoding, decoding, and measurement. In order to maintain encoding states, the stabilizer Hamiltonian Hstab=-?iGi is suitable because its ground state corresponds to the code space. On the other hand, Hamiltonians of most solid-state qubits have two-body interactions and show their own dynamics. In addition solid-state qubits are fixed on substrate and qubit-qubit operation is restricted in their neighborhood. The main purpose of this paper is to show how to directly generate the stabilizer Hamiltonian Hstab from conventional two-body Hamiltonians with Ising interaction and XY interaction by applying a pulse control method such as an NMR technique. We show that generation times of Hstab for nine-qubit code, five-qubit code, and Steane code are estimated to be less than 300 ns when typical experimental data of superconducting qubits are used, and sufficient pulse control is assumed. We also show how to prepare encoded states from an initial state |0,...,0>. In addition, we discuss an appropriate arrangement of two- or three-dimensional arrayed qubits.

Tanamoto, Tetsufumi

2013-12-01

185

Can you build an iPhone app without writing a single line of code?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the last ESIP summer meeting, a study was conducted to explore different commercial tools now available that allow one to create a mobile app without writing a single line of code. The proposed research comprised of two components. First, systematically evaluate different tools to create mobile apps along the dimensions of features and price. Second, create an iPhone app prototype for the ESIP community using some of these tools. The initial assessment classified the currently available tools to create mobile app tools into two categories. The tools that fall under the first category require no programming, but the content for the mobile apps are fed to it either via a web site RSS feed or entered manually. Consequently, these tools only support limited user interactivity. These tools follow the business model of website hosting services. This business model offers a set of templates to the end users with limited customization features to create their content in order to publish to websites. The second category of tools requires programming, but the code can be written in popular languages such as Javascript (compatible with most mobile platforms) rather than mobile app specific languages. For the second component of the study, two ESIP iPhone app prototypes were created. The first prototype required no programming and used the AppMakr tool. Objective C was used to create the second iPhone prototype from scratch and the source code for this prototype is available on the ESIP website. The study concluded that existing tools do make it easy to create a simple mobile app especially if one already has a well designed website. The associated costs are adequate but not cheap. However, if the mobile app has requirements that require interactivity and specialized customization then one needs to work with a mobile app developer.

Ramachandran, R.; Maskey, M.

2011-12-01

186

Methodology for Residential Building Energy Simulations Implemented in the International Code Compliance Calculator (IC3)  

E-print Network

models, created with the DOE-2.1e simulation program (LBNL 1993a, 1993b), were then linked to a web-based graphical 1 IC3 (ver. 3.2) is available at http://ic3.tamu.edu/. ESL-HH-08-12-02 Proceedings... User and Humidity Predictions,? Proceedings of 2000 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Vol. 1, p. 113, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, 1001 Connecticut Avenue, Washington, DC. LBNL, 1993a. DOE-2.1e BDL Summary...

Liu, Z.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Malhotra, M.; Haberl, J.; Gilman, D.; Montgomery, C.; McKelvey, K.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.

187

Building on Clues: Methods to Help State and Local Law  

E-print Network

, such as crime incident and suspicious activity data. While state and local law enforcement agencies are involved personal records without cause for any prior suspicion would violate individuals' privacy (Executive

McShea, Daniel W.

188

3-D TECATE/BREW: Thermal, stress, and birefringent ray-tracing codes for solid-state laser design  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the physics, code formulations, and numerics that are used in the TECATE (totally Eulerian code for anisotropic thermo-elasticity) and BREW (birefringent ray-tracing of electromagnetic waves) codes for laser design. These codes resolve thermal, stress, and birefringent optical effects in 3-D stationary solid-state systems. This suite of three constituent codes is a package referred to as LASRPAK.

Gelinas, R.J.; Doss, S.K.; Nelson, R.G.

1994-07-20

189

Cost Containment Through Energy Efficiency in Texas State-Owned Buildings  

E-print Network

"The Energy Cost Containment Through Energy Efficiency" in Texas State-owned buildings project was begun in the spring of 1984 as a part of a multipronged effort to reduce rising energy costs in State operations. Energy audits of 21 million square...

Ponder, W. M.; Verdict, M. E.

1985-01-01

190

Illinois state buildings energy-expense study FY86 and projected FY87-90  

Microsoft Academic Search

During FY86 the State of Illinois spent almost $120 million for electricity, natural gas, coal, fuel oil, propane and steam to operate state-owned and leased buildings. Over the next four years it is projected that this will increase to $134 million in FY90 due to increasing fuel costs. Although some of this cost growth could be eliminated by upgrading plants

1987-01-01

191

Illinois state buildings energy expense study, FY 87 and projected FY 88-90  

Microsoft Academic Search

During FY 87 the State of Illinois spent more than $113 million for electricity, natural gas, coal, fuel oil, propane and steam to operate state-owned and -leased buildings. Over the next three years it is projected that this will increase to $130 million in FY90 due to increasing fuel costs. Although some of this cost growth could be eliminated by

1988-01-01

192

Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-8567  

E-print Network

Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis attend OSU on a student visa. DOM - Domestic Student. I am a legal resident of the United States. Physical Therapy 90% @ Preferred Providers, subject to yearly deductible. Mental Health & Substance Abuse

Tullos, Desiree

193

SINTEF Building and Infrastructure State-of-the-Art Highly Insulating  

E-print Network

-of-the-Art Highly Insulating Window Frames ­ Research and Market Review Project report 6 ­ 2007 SINTEF Building) and Christian Kohler4) State-of-the-Art Highly Insulating Window Frames ­ Research and Market Review Keywords and research review related to state-of-the-art highly insulating window frames. The market review focuses

194

Center for Executive & Professional Development -Oklahoma State University 215 Business Building -Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078  

E-print Network

Center for Executive & Professional Development - Oklahoma State University 215 Business Building - Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 Monday, November 18, 2013 Fine Tuning Your Business Writing 9 AM ­ noon | OSU, December 18, 2013 | 9 am ­ 4 pm OSU-OKC | $325 Oklahoma State University Management and Professional

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

195

Appendices of an appraisal for the use of geothermal energy in state-owned buildings in Colorado. Section A. Alamosa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two state-owned building complexes have been evaluated within the city of Alamosa: Adams State College and the State Highway Department Buildings. The resource assessment in dicates that 150°F may be available at flow rates of 1000 gpm per well, depths of 4000 feet, and possibly under Artesian pressure. Two building retrofit engineering options are evaluated for Adams State College, both

R. T. Meyer; B. A. Coe; J. D. Dick

1981-01-01

196

Using Microsoft Excel as a pre-processor for CODE V optimization of air spaces when building camera lenses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When building high-performance camera lenses, it is often preferable to tailor element-to-element air spaces instead of tightening the fabrication tolerances sufficiently so that random assembly is possible. A tailored air space solution is usually unique for each serial number camera lens and results in nearly nominal performance. When these air spaces are computed based on measured radii, thickness, and refractive indices, this can put a strain on the design engineering department to deal with all the data in a timely fashion. Excel† may be used by the assembly technician as a preprocessor tool to facilitate data entry and organization, and to perform the optimization using CODE V‡ (or equivalent) without any training or experience in using lens design software. This makes it unnecessary to involve design engineering for each lens serial number, sometimes waiting in their work queue. In addition, Excel can be programmed to run CODE V in such a way that discrete shim thicknesses result. This makes it possible for each tailored air space solution to be achieved using a finite number of shims that differ in thickness by a reasonable amount. It is generally not necessary to tailor the air spaces in each lens to the micron level to achieve nearly nominal performance.

Stephenson, Dave

2013-09-01

197

Trends in Building Energy Usage in Texas State Agencies  

E-print Network

uncertain given the transition to an unregulated environment. To illustrate the impact of the rising rates, the following table shows the EUI and ECI numbers for three state agencies. Texas A&M had a 12% drop in usage, yet paid out over 40% more...

Murphy, W. E.; Turner, W. D.; O'Neal, D. L.; Seshan, S.

1985-01-01

198

Illinois state buildings energy expense study FY90 and projected FY91-93  

Microsoft Academic Search

During FY90 the state of Illinois spent almost $120 million for electricity, natural gas, coal, fuel oil, propane and steam to operate state-owned and state-leased buildings. Over the next three years it is projected that this will increase to $138 million in FY93 due to increasing fuel costs. Although some of this cost growth could be eliminated by upgrading plants

1991-01-01

199

Illinois State Buildings Energy Expense Study FY91 and projected FY92-94  

Microsoft Academic Search

During FY91 the state of Illinois spent almost $120 million for electricity, natural gas, coal, fuel oil, propane and steam to operate state-owned and state-leased buildings. Over the next three years it is projected that this will increase to over $127 million in FY94 due to increasing fuel costs. Although some of the cost growth could be eliminated by upgrading

1992-01-01

200

Buy versus build: a survey of state policies  

SciTech Connect

Integrated resource planning has reemerged as the primary means through which new generation will be developed in much of the U.S. Where this is the case, regulators will need to address the manner and extent to which independent power producers are allowed to compete to supply a utility's incremental resource needs. This article reports the results of a survey of state policies with respect to competitive procurement. (author)

Basheda, Gregory; Schumacher, Adam

2008-11-15

201

Concerning Copyright Restrictions The copyright law of the United States (Title 1.7, United States Code) governs  

E-print Network

and Touch the Girl's Psyche / from Creating Ever-Cool: A Merketer's Guide to a Kid's Heart, Gretna, LA States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material. Under follows is not a complete summary of a boy's 35 Gene Del Vecchio, Creating Ever-Cool: A Marketer's Guide

Cassell, Justine

202

The building process of the functional paraspeckle with long non-coding RNAs.  

PubMed

Nuclei of mammalian cells are highly organized and composed of distinct subnuclear structures termed nuclear bodies. Paraspeckles are subnuclear structures that form around the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (NEAT1) together with numerous RNA-binding proteins, many of which contain an RNA-binding domain and a prion-like domain and are related to specific neurodegenerative diseases. Paraspeckle formation proceeds in conjunction with NEAT1 lncRNA biogenesis and involves the cooperation of multiple paraspeckle-localized RNA-binding proteins. NEAT1 lncRNA likely sequesters these RNA-binding proteins in paraspeckle structures, which act as molecular sponges at which the nucleoplasmic activities of the sequestered proteins are modulated. This review presents, firstly, current knowledge regarding factors involved in the formation and function of paraspeckles. Secondly, the intracellular functions of all identified paraspeckle proteins, which are potentially controlled through their sequestration in paraspeckles, are categorized. Thirdly, recently identified nuclear bodies containing putative architectural lncRNAs are described and similarities among the architectures of lncRNA-dependent nuclear bodies are discussed. PMID:25553361

Yamazaki, Tomohiro; Hirose, Tetsuro

2015-01-01

203

Quantum error correction and detection: Quantitative analysis of a coherent-state amplitude-damping code  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We reexamine a non-Gaussian quantum error-correction code designed to protect optical coherent-state qubits against errors due to an amplitude-damping channel. We improve on a previous result [R. Wickert, N. K. Bernardes, and P. van Loock, Phys. Rev. A 81, 062344 (2010), 10.1103/PhysRevA.81.062344] by providing a tighter upper bound on the performance attained when considering realistic assumptions, which constrain the operation of the gates employed in the scheme. The quantitative characterization is performed through measures of fidelity and concurrence, the latter obtained by employing the code as an entanglement distillation protocol. We find that, when running the code in fully deterministic error-correction mode, direct transmission can only be beaten for certain combinations of channel and input state parameters. In contrast, in error-detection mode, the usage of higher repetition encodings remains beneficial throughout, however, at the expense of diminishing success probabilities.

Wickert, Ricardo; van Loock, Peter

2014-05-01

204

Experimental demonstration of a graph state quantum error-correction code  

E-print Network

Scalable quantum computing and communication requires the protection of quantum information from the detrimental effects of decoherence and noise. Previous work tackling this problem has relied on the original circuit model for quantum computing. However, recently a family of entangled resources known as graph states has emerged as a versatile alternative for protecting quantum information. Depending on the graph's structure, errors can be detected and corrected in an efficient way using measurement-based techniques. In this article we report an experimental demonstration of error correction using a graph state code. We have used an all-optical setup to encode quantum information into photons representing a four-qubit graph state. We are able to reliably detect errors and correct against qubit loss. The graph we have realized is setup independent, thus it could be employed in other physical settings. Our results show that graph state codes are a promising approach for achieving scalable quantum information processing.

B. A. Bell; D. A. Herrera-Martí; M. S. Tame; D. Markham; W. J. Wadsworth; J. G. Rarity

2014-04-22

205

Prediction of explosive cylinder tests using equations of state from the PANDA code  

Microsoft Academic Search

The PANDA code is used to construct tabular equations of state (EOS) for the detonation products of 24 explosives having CHNO compositions. These EOS, together with a reactive burn model, are used in numerical hydrocode calculations of cylinder tests. The predicted detonation properties and cylinder wall velocities are found to give very good agreement with experimental data. Calculations of flat

G. I. Kerley; T. L. Christian-Frear

1993-01-01

206

Spotlight on Speech Codes 2007: The State of Free Speech on Our Nation's Campuses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Last year, the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (FIRE) conducted its first-ever comprehensive study of restrictions on speech at America's colleges and universities, "Spotlight on Speech Codes 2006: The State of Free Speech on our Nation's Campuses." In light of the essentiality of free expression to a truly liberal education, its…

Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (NJ1), 2007

2007-01-01

207

Code of the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Colorado State University  

E-print Network

1 Code of the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Colorado State University Adopted and molecular biology have evolved from the application of the principles of organic and physical chemistry to the molecular characterization of biological systems. The current emphasis in all areas of biological sciences

208

Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) Strategic Plan  

SciTech Connect

This strategic plan is in direct response to the call by a broad array of interested parties, for the Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) to reduce fragmentation and increase focus. This plan outlines goals for saving energy, three key strategies to accomplish these goals, and a commitment to improving how they do business.

Brandegee

1999-01-28

209

College of Pharmacy Oregon State University, 203 Pharmacy Building., Corvallis, Oregon 97331-3507  

E-print Network

College of Pharmacy Oregon State University, 203 Pharmacy Building., Corvallis, Oregon 97331-3507 T 541-737-3424 | F 541-737-3999 | http://pharmacy.oregonstate.edu April 20, 2010 To: Becky Warner and Professor Re: College of Pharmacy response to queries related to implementation plan · You presented

Escher, Christine

210

Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-8567  

E-print Network

Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-8567 Tel 541-737-7600 | Fax 541-737-7914 | osustudent.insurance@oregonstate.edu http: __________________________ __________________________ Phone: __________________________ The Insurance charge will be charged to my Student Account and I agree

Tullos, Desiree

211

Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-8567  

E-print Network

Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-8567 Tel 541-737-7600 Fax 541-737-7914 | osustudent.insurance@oregonstate.edu http://studenthealth.oregonstate.edu/ E:\\Insurance\\web content Fall 2013\\Intl Waiver form 2013-2014.2013-7-05docx.doc Last Name First Name

Tullos, Desiree

212

Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-8567  

E-print Network

Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-8567 Tel 541-737-7600 | Fax 541-737-7914 | osustudent.insurance@oregonstate.edu http Credit/Debit Card ADDING DEPENDENTS Family members I would like to cover on my health insurance plan

Tullos, Desiree

213

Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-8567  

E-print Network

Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-8567 Tel 541-737-7600 | Fax 541-737-7914 | osustudent.insurance@oregonstate.edu http: __________________________ An INTO student __________________________ Phone: __________________________ The Insurance charge will be charged

Tullos, Desiree

214

Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-8567  

E-print Network

Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-8567 Tel 541-737-7600 | Fax 541-737-7914 | osustudent.insurance@oregonstate.edu http ADDING DEPENDENTS Family members I would like to cover on my health insurance plan: Last name, First name

Tullos, Desiree

215

Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-8567  

E-print Network

Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-8567 Tel 541-737-7600 Fax 541-737-7914 | osustudent.insurance@oregonstate.edu http://studenthealth.oregonstate.edu/ F:\\Insurance\\web content Fall 2014\\int_waiver_form_20142015.doc Last Name First Name OSU ID Number

Tullos, Desiree

216

11 CFR 100.144 - Office building for State, local, or district party committees or organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

A payment, distribution, loan, advance, or deposit of money or anything of value, made by, or on behalf of, a State, local, or district party committee or organization for the purchase or construction of an office building in accordance with 11 CFR 300.35 is not an...

2010-01-01

217

Correlating instrumentation data to system states: A building block for automated diagnosis and control  

E-print Network

Correlating instrumentation data to system states: A building block for automated diagnosis the use of statistical induction tech- niques as a basis for automated performance diagnosis interpretability properties that make them excellent candidates for automated diag- nosis and control. We explore

Chase, Jeffrey S.

218

Lessons Learned From a Healthful Vending Pilot Program in Delaware State Agency Buildings, 2011–2012  

PubMed Central

Introduction Changes in food availability in worksites can result in changes in eating behavior and weight status. Nemours Health and Prevention Services, in conjunction with partners in Delaware, conducted a 6-month pilot program to assess the feasibility and impact of requiring that 75% of the items in vending machines in 3 state agency buildings have healthful items. Methods We collected process evaluation data from October 2011 through April 2012 by taking weekly photographs of all machines to record the number of healthful items available. Outcomes were measured through sales reports designed to enumerate changes in number and type of items sold and overall profit from each building. Results We found challenges in fully implementing the 75% goal. In one of the 3 buildings, all machines were compliant within 7 weeks; in another, full compliance did not occur until week 19. Despite these challenges, the number of items sold in each machine was comparable to numbers from the previous year. Total profits from each building varied across the 3 sites and during the pilot. One building had a 51% increase in profits in January 2012 compared with profits averaged for January 2011 and January 2010. In contrast, monthly profit at another building fluctuated from an increase of 6% to a loss of 30%. Conclusion Overall, our results suggest that collaborative efforts can result in a feasible intervention with little negative influence on profits. PMID:25144678

Lessard, Laura; Trotter, Mary

2014-01-01

219

Collapsed Building  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

This masonry office building in the downtown area of Concepcion, Chile collapsed as a result of the M 8.8 earthquake on Feb. 27, 2010. The construction of this building predates the establishment of strict building codes in Chile, put in place following the devastating earthquake of 1960. ...

2010-03-30

220

Building Stronger State Energy Partnerships with the U.S. Department of Energy  

SciTech Connect

This final technical report details the results of total work efforts and progress made from October 2007 – September 2011 under the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) cooperative agreement DE-FC26-07NT43264, Building Stronger State Energy Partnerships with the U.S. Department of Energy. Major topical project areas in this final report include work efforts in the following areas: Energy Assurance and Critical Infrastructure, State and Regional Technical Assistance, Regional Initiative, Regional Coordination and Technical Assistance, and International Activities in China. All required deliverables have been provided to the National Energy Technology Laboratory and DOE program officials.

Marks, Kate

2011-09-30

221

Construction of a Solid State Research Facility, Building 3150. Environmental Assessment  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to construct a new facility to house the Materials Synthesis Group (MSG) and the Semiconductor Physics Group (SPG) of the Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The location of the proposed action is Roane County, Tennessee. MSG is involved in the study of crystal growth and the preparation and characterization of advanced materials, such as high-temperature superconductors, while SPG is involved in semiconductor physics research. All MSG and a major pardon of SPG research activities are now conducted in Building 2000, a deteriorating structure constructed in the 1940. The physical deterioration of the roof; the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system; and the plumbing make this building inadequate for supporting research activities. The proposed project is needed to provide laboratory and office space for MSG and SPG and to ensure that research activities can continue without interruption due to deficiencies in the building and its associated utility systems.

Not Available

1993-07-01

222

Enabling Efficient, Responsive, and Resilient Buildings: Collaboration Between the United States and India  

SciTech Connect

The United States and India have among the largest economies in the world, and they continue to work together to address current and future challenges in reliable electricity supply. The acceleration to efficient, grid-responsive, resilient buildings represents a key energy security objective for federal and state agencies in both countries. The weaknesses in the Indian grid system were manifest in 2012, in the country’s worst blackout, which jeopardized the lives of half of India’s 1.2 billion people. While both countries are investing significantly in power sector reform, India, by virtue of its colossal growth rate in commercial energy intensity and commercial floor space, is better placed than the United States to integrate and test state-of-art Smart Grid technologies in its future grid-responsive commercial buildings. This paper presents a roadmap of technical collaboration between the research organizations, and public-private stakeholders in both countries to accelerate the building-to-grid integration through pilot studies in India.

Basu, Chandrayee; Ghatikar, Girish

2013-09-25

223

PEBBLE: a two-dimensional steady-state pebble bed reactor thermal hydraulics code  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the local implementation of the PEBBLE code to treat the two-dimensional steady-state pebble bed reactor thermal hydraulics problem. This code is implemented as a module of a computation system used for reactor core history calculations. Given power density data, the geometric description in (RZ), and basic heat removal conditions and thermal properties, the coolant properties, flow conditions, and temperature distributions in the pebble fuel elements are predicted. The calculation is oriented to the continuous fueling, steady state condition with consideration of the effect of the high energy neutron flux exposure and temperature history on the thermal conductivity. The coolant flow conditions are calculated for the same geometry as used in the neutronics calculation, power density and fluence data being used directly, and temperature results are made available for subsequent use.

Vondy, D.R.

1981-09-01

224

Feasibility study for improved steady-state initialization algorithms for the RELAP5 computer code  

SciTech Connect

A design for a new steady-state initialization method is presented that represents an improvement over the current method used in RELAP5. Current initialization methods for RELAP5 solve the transient fluidflow balance equations simulating a transient to achieve steady-state conditions. Because the transient solution is used, the initial conditions may change from the desired values requiring the use of controllers and long transient running times to obtain steady-state conditions for system problems. The new initialization method allows the user to fix thermal-hydraulic values in volumes and junctions where the conditions are best known and have the code compute the initial conditions in other areas of the system. The steady-state balance equations and solution methods are presented. The constitutive, component, and specialpurpose models are reviewed with respect to modifications required for the new steady-state initialization method. The requirements for user input are defined and the feasibility of the method is demonstrated with a testbed code by initializing some simple channel problems. The initialization of the sample problems using, the old and the new methods are compared.

Paulsen, M.P.; Peterson, C.E.; Katsma, K.R. (Computer Simulation and Analysis, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States))

1993-04-01

225

Building Stronger State Energy Partnerships with the U.S. Department of Energy  

SciTech Connect

This final technical report details the results of total work efforts and progress made from July 2000 - July 2008 under the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) cooperative agreement DE-FC26-00NT40802, Building Stronger State Energy Partnerships with the U.S. Department of Energy. Major topical project areas in this final report include work efforts in the following areas: Rebuild America/Energy Smart Schools, Higher Education Initiative, Winter/Summer Fuels Outlook Conferences, Energy Emergency, Clean Energy Integration, Energy Star, and Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability. All required deliverables have been provided to the National Energy Technology Laboratory and DOE program officials.

David Terry

2008-09-30

226

48 CFR 3036.104-90 - Authority for one-step turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). 3036.104-90 Section...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). The Head of the Contracting Activity...

2013-10-01

227

48 CFR 3036.104-90 - Authority for one-step turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). 3036.104-90 Section...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). The Head of the Contracting Activity...

2011-10-01

228

48 CFR 3036.104-90 - Authority for one-step turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG).  

...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). 3036.104-90 Section...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). The Head of the Contracting Activity...

2014-10-01

229

48 CFR 3036.104-90 - Authority for one-step turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). 3036.104-90 Section...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). The Head of the Contracting Activity...

2012-10-01

230

48 CFR 3036.104-90 - Authority for one-step turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). 3036.104-90 Section...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). The Head of the Contracting Activity...

2010-10-01

231

Case study of modifications to a wood ``I'' beam framed floor-ceiling assembly which did not meet minimum International Building Code (IBC) impact insulation class (IIC) or sound transmission class (STC)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A direct comparison, using three identical floor-ceiling assemblies, which did not meet minimum building codes standards for impact insulation class as built. Each floor-ceiling assembly received different corrective measures in an effort to correct the deficiency. All corrective measures were limited to the bottom side of the assembly, since hardwood flooring was installed as the finished floor. All the floor-ceiling assemblies consisted of light weight 16-in. deep ``I'' beam structural framing members (joist) spaced at 24 in. center to center supporting 3/4 in.-t & g plywood with 1-1/2 in. light weight gypsum concrete covered with 1/2-in. plywood and finished with hardwood flooring. Using tired old industry standard methods, products, and systems the best impact insulation class increase was twelve points which still did not meet minimum building code standards. By installing the state of the art products, using the proper methods available today under the floor-ceiling assembly the field impact insulation class was increased 28 points to a field impact insulation class of 60 without acoustical mat on the top side of the assembly. By design the field sound transmission class was also improved (40 to 55 STC) due to product selection, installations procedures, and design.

Gernhart, Elzo F.

2005-09-01

232

76 FR 13101 - Building Energy Codes Program: Presenting and Receiving Comments to DOE Proposed Changes to the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Changes to the International Green Construction Code (IgCC) AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable...the draft International Green Construction Code (IgCC). The first edition of the IgCC is currently being developed by the...

2011-03-10

233

Appendices of an appraisal for the use of geothermal energy in state-owned buildings in Colorado. Section A. Alamosa  

SciTech Connect

Two state-owned building complexes have been evaluated within the city of Alamosa: Adams State College and the State Highway Department Buildings. The resource assessment in dicates that 150/sup 0/F may be available at flow rates of 1000 gpm per well, depths of 4000 feet, and possibly under Artesian pressure. Two building retrofit engineering options are evaluated for Adams State College, both of which assume only partial replacement (approximately 50%) of the existing natural-gas-fired steam-boiler system. The two retrofit options for goethermal heating include (1) a high performance central heat pump for boosting the circulating heat water to 200/sup 0/F for space heating and (2) a central heat exchanger for delivery of heating water at 145/sup 0/F. The first option provides for continued usage of the existing hot water heating units in the campus buildings, with the exception of retrofit of the steam units in College Center. The second option provides for the addition of terminal hot water heating units in all of the buildings in order to adapt to 145/sup 0/F heating water. Retrofit engineering for the State Highway Department Buildings provides for the use of a central heat exchanger and the distribution of 140/sup 0/F heating water to all building areas that are presently heated.

Meyer, R.T.; Coe, B.A.; Dick, J.D.

1981-01-01

234

Family Support: Fostering Leadership and Partnership to Improve Access and Quality. Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series, Number 14  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) has launched a five-year initiative that will support state efforts to build comprehensive early childhood service systems. This initiative--the State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems (SECCS) Initiative--provides planning and implementation grants to the state and territory Maternal and…

Thompson, Lisa; Uyeda, Kimberly

2004-01-01

235

Clean Distributed Generation in New York State: State and Local Siting, Permitting and Code Issues  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technology Environmental and Energy Center (ATEEC) provides this report on issues relating to clean distributed generation and combined heat and power in New York state. The material is intended to inform the public on the process of developing this type of project and aid individuals seeking to design, install and operate smaller-sized DG/CHP systems. Users must download this resource for viewing, which requires a free log-in. There is no cost to download the item.

236

Building and Using Coordinated State Early Care and Education Data Systems: A Framework for State Policymakers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State policymakers are increasingly focused on closing the achievement gap and preparing all students to succeed in school and in life. However, college and career readiness begins long before students enter high school or even a classroom. Differences in children's abilities appear as early as the first year of life, and research has shown that…

Early Childhood Data Collaborative (NJ1), 2010

2010-01-01

237

Combinatorial Cytokine Code Generates Anti-Viral State in Dendritic Cells  

PubMed Central

The physiological function of the immune system and the response to therapeutic immunomodulators may be sensitive to combinatorial cytokine micro-environments that shape the responses of specific immune cells. Previous work shows that paracrine cytokines released by virus-infected human dendritic cells (DC) can dictate the maturation state of naïve DCs. To understand the effects of paracrine signaling, we systematically studied the effects of combinations cytokines in this complex mixture in generating an anti-viral state. After naïve DCs were exposed to either IFN? or to paracrine signaling released by DCs infected by Newcastle disease virus (NDV), microarray analysis revealed a large number of genes that were differently regulated by the DC-secreted paracrine signaling. In order to identify the cytokine mechanisms involved, we identified 20 cytokines secreted by NDV infected DCs for which the corresponding receptor gene is expressed in naïve DCs. By exposing cells to all combinations of 19 cytokines (leave-one-out studies), we identified five cytokines (IFN?, TNF?, IL-1?, TNFSF15, and IL28) as candidates for regulating DC maturation markers. Subsequent experiments identified IFN?, TNF?, and IL1? as the major contributors to this anti-viral state. This finding was supported by infection studies in vitro, by T-cell activation studies and by in vivo infection studies in mouse. Combination of cytokines can cause response states in DCs that differ from those achieved by the individual cytokines alone. These results suggest that the cytokine microenvironment may act via a combinatorial code to direct the response state of specific immune cells. Further elucidation of this code may provide insight into responses to infection and neoplasia as well as guide the development of combinatorial cytokine immunomodulation for infectious, autoimmune, and immunosurveillance-related diseases. PMID:24616721

Hartmann, Boris M.; Marjanovic, Nada; Nudelman, German; Moran, Thomas M.; Sealfon, Stuart C.

2014-01-01

238

Energy efficiency in new buildings: Implementing the Energy Policy Act of 1992  

SciTech Connect

The Building Energy Standards Program (Program) is conducted for the Department of Energy`s (DOE) Office of Codes and Standards, within the Office of Building Technologies. The Program seeks to facilitate the construction of energy efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally sound new buildings through the application of energy efficiency codes and standards. The Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) requires that the Department of Energy support the voluntary energy standards development process, advocate the use of model energy codes, and provide technical support to states and the federal government in adopting energy efficiency standards for new buildings. In meeting these requirements, Program staff work with a wide variety of stakeholders - particularly designers, builders and code officials - to base codes and standards on the application of sound scientific principles. Further, Program staff work with individuals in the federal government, states, code development organizations, and the buildings community to deploy energy efficient technologies and encourage complementary practices throughout the design and construction processes.

Stockmeyer, M.K.

1994-03-01

239

Energy standards and model codes development, adoption, implementation, and enforcement  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an overview of the energy standards and model codes process for the voluntary sector within the United States. The report was prepared by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the Building Energy Standards Program and is intended to be used as a primer or reference on this process. Building standards and model codes that address energy have been developed by organizations in the voluntary sector since the early 1970s. These standards and model codes provide minimum energy-efficient design and construction requirements for new buildings and, in some instances, existing buildings. The first step in the process is developing new or revising existing standards or codes. There are two overall differences between standards and codes. Energy standards are developed by a consensus process and are revised as needed. Model codes are revised on a regular annual cycle through a public hearing process. In addition to these overall differences, the specific steps in developing/revising energy standards differ from model codes. These energy standards or model codes are then available for adoption by states and local governments. Typically, energy standards are adopted by or adopted into model codes. Model codes are in turn adopted by states through either legislation or regulation. Enforcement is essential to the implementation of energy standards and model codes. Low-rise residential construction is generally evaluated for compliance at the local level, whereas state agencies tend to be more involved with other types of buildings. Low-rise residential buildings also may be more easily evaluated for compliance because the governing requirements tend to be less complex than for commercial buildings.

Conover, D.R.

1994-08-01

240

SAFE: A computer code for the steady-state and transient thermal analysis of LMR fuel elements  

SciTech Connect

SAFE is a computer code developed for both the steady-state and transient thermal analysis of single LMR fuel elements. The code employs a two-dimensional control-volume based finite difference methodology with fully implicit time marching to calculate the temperatures throughout a fuel element and its associated coolant channel for both the steady-state and transient events. The code makes no structural calculations or predictions whatsoever. It does, however, accept as input structural parameters within the fuel such as the distributions of porosity and fuel composition, as well as heat generation, to allow a thermal analysis to be performed on a user-specified fuel structure. The code was developed with ease of use in mind. An interactive input file generator and material property correlations internal to the code are available to expedite analyses using SAFE. This report serves as a complete design description of the code as well as a user`s manual. A sample calculation made with SAFE is included to highlight some of the code`s features. Complete input and output files for the sample problem are provided.

Hayes, S.L.

1993-12-01

241

Old-Time Origins of Modern Sovereignty: State-Building among the Keweenaw Bay Ojibway, 1832-1854  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines a brief period of Lake Superior Ojibway history in detail. It describes the territorial dimensions of usufructuary rights and tells how one Ojibway community at Keweenaw Bay, William Jondreau's home, reorganized itself as an Anishnabe state in the 1840s and early 1850s. It also argues that this state-building grew out of…

Doherty, Robert

2007-01-01

242

Prediction of explosive cylinder tests using equations of state from the PANDA code  

SciTech Connect

The PANDA code is used to construct tabular equations of state (EOS) for the detonation products of 24 explosives having CHNO compositions. These EOS, together with a reactive burn model, are used in numerical hydrocode calculations of cylinder tests. The predicted detonation properties and cylinder wall velocities are found to give very good agreement with experimental data. Calculations of flat plate acceleration tests for the HMX-based explosive LX14 are also made and shown to agree well with the measurements. The effects of the reaction zone on both the cylinder and flat plate tests are discussed. For TATB-based explosives, the differences between experiment and theory are consistently larger than for other compositions and may be due to nonideal (finite dimameter) behavior.

Kerley, G.I. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Christian-Frear, T.L. [RE/SPEC, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-09-28

243

Local convertibility of the ground state of the perturbed toric code  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present analytical and numerical studies of the behavior of the ? -Renyi entropies in the toric code in presence of several types of perturbations aimed at studying the simulability of these perturbations to the parent Hamiltonian using local operations and classical communications (LOCC)—a property called local convertibility. In particular, the derivatives, with respect to the perturbation parameter, present different signs for different values of ? within the topological phase. From the information-theoretic point of view, this means that such ground states cannot be continuously deformed within the topological phase by means of catalyst assisted local operations and classical communications (LOCC). Such LOCC differential convertibility is on the other hand always possible in the trivial disordered phase. The non-LOCC convertibility is remarkable because it can be computed on a system whose size is independent of correlation length. This method can therefore constitute an experimentally feasible witness of topological order.

Santra, Siddhartha; Hamma, Alioscia; Cincio, Lukasz; Subasi, Yigit; Zanardi, Paolo; Amico, Luigi

2014-12-01

244

Real-time validation of receiver state information in optical space-time block code systems.  

PubMed

Free space optical interconnect (FSOI) systems are a promising solution to interconnect bottlenecks in high-speed systems. To overcome some sources of diminished FSOI performance caused by close proximity of multiple optical channels, multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems implementing encoding schemes such as space-time block coding (STBC) have been developed. These schemes utilize information pertaining to the optical channel to reconstruct transmitted data. The STBC system is dependent on accurate channel state information (CSI) for optimal system performance. As a result of dynamic changes in optical channels, a system in operation will need to have updated CSI. Therefore, validation of the CSI during operation is a necessary tool to ensure FSOI systems operate efficiently. In this Letter, we demonstrate a method of validating CSI, in real time, through the use of moving averages of the maximum likelihood decoder data, and its capacity to predict the bit error rate (BER) of the system. PMID:24978536

Alamia, John; Kurzweg, Timothy

2014-06-15

245

Western black widow spiders express state-dependent web-building strategies tailored to the presence of neighbours  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web-building spiders are territorial animals whose webs serve several purposes including foraging, repro- duction and protection. Two factors are predicted to be of primary importance in determining a spider's web-building strategy: (1) current nutritional state (a function of prior feeding rate), which determines the net value of a web, and (2) the presence of co-occurring spiders with whom it may

Maxence Salomon

2007-01-01

246

MeshVoro: A three-dimensional Voronoi mesh building tool for the TOUGH family of codes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Few tools exist for creating and visualizing complex three-dimensional simulation meshes, and these have limitations that restrict their application to particular geometries and circumstances. Mesh generation needs to trend toward ever more general applications. To that end, we have developed MeshVoro, a tool that is based on the Voro++ (Chris H. Rycroft, 2009. Chaos 19, 041111) library and is capable of generating complex three-dimensional Voronoi tessellation-based (unstructured) meshes for the solution of problems of flow and transport in subsurface geologic media that are addressed by the TOUGH (Pruess, K., Oldenburg C., Moridis G., 1999. Report LBNL-43134, 582. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA) family of codes. MeshVoro, which includes built-in data visualization routines, is a particularly useful tool because it extends the applicability of the TOUGH family of codes by enabling the scientifically robust and relatively easy discretization of systems with challenging 3D geometries. We describe several applications of MeshVoro. We illustrate the ability of the tool to straightforwardly transform a complex geological grid into a simulation mesh that conforms to the specifications of the TOUGH family of codes. We demonstrate how MeshVoro can describe complex system geometries with a relatively small number of grid blocks, and we construct meshes for geometries that would have been practically intractable with a standard Cartesian grid approach. We also discuss the limitations and appropriate applications of this new technology.

Freeman, C. M.; Boyle, K. L.; Reagan, M.; Johnson, J.; Rycroft, C.; Moridis, G. J.

2014-09-01

247

Do Corporate Codes of Ethics Reflect National Character? Evidence from Europe and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the usage and contents of corporate codes of ethics. The results from a sample of 600 large European companies are contrasted with findings reported for similar U.S. firms. The comparison reveals that significantly fewer European than U.S. firms adopted codes of ethics. In Europe, the large majority of codes have been introduced only very recently and there

Catherine C. Langlois; Bodo B. Schlegelmilch

1990-01-01

248

FRAPCON-2: A Computer Code for the Calculation of Steady State Thermal-Mechanical Behavior of Oxide Fuel Rods  

SciTech Connect

FRAPCON-2 is a FORTRAN IV computer code that calculates the steady state response of light Mater reactor fuel rods during long-term burnup. The code calculates the temperature, pressure, deformation, and tai lure histories of a fuel rod as functions of time-dependent fuel rod power and coolant boundary conditions. The phenomena modeled by the code include (a) heat conduction through the fuel and cladding, (b) cladding elastic and plastic deformation, (c) fuel-cladding mechanical interaction, (d) fission gas release, (e} fuel rod internal gas pressure, (f) heat transfer between fuel and cladding, (g) cladding oxidation, and (h) heat transfer from cladding to coolant. The code contains necessary material properties, water properties, and heat transfer correlations. FRAPCON-2 is programmed for use on the CDC Cyber 175 and 176 computers. The FRAPCON-2 code Is designed to generate initial conditions for transient fuel rod analysis by either the FRAP-T6 computer code or the thermal-hydraulic code, RELAP4/MOD7 Version 2.

Berna, G. A; Bohn, M. P.; Rausch, W. N.; Williford, R. E.; Lanning, D. D.

1981-01-01

249

Assessment of the Technical Potential for Micro-Cogeneration in Small Commerical Buildings across the United States: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an assessment of the technical potential for micro-cogeneration in small commercial buildings throughout the United States. The cogeneration devices are simulated with the computer program EnergyPlus using models developed by Annex 42, a working group of the International Energy Agency's Energy Efficiency in Buildings and Community Systems (IEA/ECBCS). Although the Annex 42 models were developed for residential applications, this study applies them to small commercial buildings, assumed to have a total floor area of 500 m2 or less. The potential for micro-cogeneration is examined for the entire existing stock of small U.S. commercial buildings using a bottom-up method based on 1,236 EnergyPlus models.

Griffith, B.

2008-05-01

250

Planning for the State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Initiative (SECCS): An Environmental Scan of Opportunities and Readiness for Building Systems. Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series, No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report outlines the national and state environmental context for the SECCS Initiative in supporting MCH strategic planning in early childhood systems building. This strategic context has implications for roles, relationships, and activities within a planning process and ultimately an implementation process. It summarizes the opportunities and…

Halfon, Neal; Uyeda, Kimberly; Inkelas, Moira; Kumar, Vani; Tullis, Ericka; Rice, Thomas

2004-01-01

251

77 FR 15122 - Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone- Ordinance Pursuant to United States Code, Legalizing and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...duly adopted by the Te-Moak Tribal...05-ORD-TM-05) to the Te-Moak Liquor...1161, Title 18 United States Code, Legalizing and Regulating the Introduction...and Consumption of Alcoholic Beverages...1(f) of the Constitution of the...

2012-03-14

252

Instruction in Specialized Braille Codes, Abacus, and Tactile Graphics at Universities in the United States and Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This study gathered data on methods and materials that are used to teach the Nemeth braille code, computer braille, foreign-language braille, and music braille in 26 university programs in the United States and Canada that prepare teachers of students with visual impairments. Information about instruction in the abacus and the…

Rosenblum, L. Penny; Smith, Derrick

2012-01-01

253

BUSH: computer code for calculating steady state heat transfer in LWR rod bundles under accident conditions. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The computer code BUSH has been developed for the calculation of steady state heat transfer in a rod bundle. For a given power, flow and geometry, it can calculate the temperatures in the rods, coolant and shroud assuming that at any axial elevation each rod can be described by one temperature and the coolant fluid is also radially uniform at

2008-01-01

254

The Dangerous Mix of Adolescents and Dietary Supplements for Weight Loss and Muscle Building: Legal Strategies for State Action.  

PubMed

Adolescents use dietary supplements marketed for weight loss or muscle building, but these are not recommended by physicians. These products are often ineffective, adulterated, mislabeled, or have unclear dosing recommendations, and consumers have suffered injury and death as a consequence. When Congress passed the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act, it stripped the Food and Drug Administration of its premarket authority, rendering regulatory controls too weak to adequately protect consumers. State government intervention is thus warranted. This article reviews studies reporting on Americans' use of dietary supplements marketed for weight loss or muscle building, notes the particular dangers these products pose to the youth, and suggests that states can build on their historical enactment of regulatory controls for products with potential health consequences to protect the public and especially young people from unsafe and mislabeled dietary supplements. PMID:25248073

Pomeranz, Jennifer L; Barbosa, Grant; Killian, Caroline; Austin, S Bryn

2014-09-22

255

Colorado State University, Office of the Vice President for Research Building Operations Manager, Infectious Disease Research Center  

E-print Network

Manager, Infectious Disease Research Center Colorado State University has a dynamic opportunity for a seasoned Building Operations Manager to join its Infectious Disease Research Center (IDRC). The optimal the University with hitech facilities and equipment for researching emerging infectious diseases and methods

Rutledge, Steven

256

The Revised Austin Energy Code and Comparisons with the Texas State Energy Standard  

E-print Network

was seen to be clearly superior to the existing Austin Code in format. The existing code based the allowable amount of glazing on a percentage of the wall area, whereas 90.21' uses a percentage of the noor area. Por double glazing this would be 25...% of wall for the current Austin Code and 15% of noor area for the revised Code. Since the conditioned noor area is always known, this is a significant simplification. The Residential Standard was seen to be weak in two additional areas that relate...

Crow, G.

257

Building Energy Information Systems: State of the Technology and User Case Studies  

SciTech Connect

The focus of this study is energy information systems, broadly defined as performance monitoring software, data acquisition hardware, and communication systems used to store, analyze, and display building energy data. At a minimum, an EIS provides hourly whole-building electric data that are web-accessible, with analytical and graphical capabilities. Time series data from meters, sensors, and external data streams are used to perofmr analysis such as baselining, benchmarking, building level anomaly detection, and energy performance tracking.

Granderson, Jessica; Piette, Mary Ann; Ghatikar, Girish; Price, Phillip

2009-10-01

258

Realization of UML Class and State Machine Models in the C# Code Generation and Execution Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many benefits are expected due to usage of code generation tools. A reliable application should be created effectively based on complex structural and behavioral models. Model driven approach for program development is realized in Framework for eXecutable UML (FXU). The tool transforms UML models into C# source code and supports execution of the application reflecting the behavioral model. The framework

Anna Derezinska; Romuald Pilitowski

2009-01-01

259

Application of latent heat thermal energy storage in buildings: State-of-the-art and outlook  

Microsoft Academic Search

Latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) is becoming more and more attractive for space heating and cooling of buildings. The application of LHTES in buildings has the following advantages: (1) the ability to narrow the gap between the peak and off-peak loads of electricity demand; (2) the ability to save operative fees by shifting the electrical consumption from peak periods

Yinping Zhang; Guobing Zhou; Kunping Lin; Qunli Zhang; Hongfa Di

2007-01-01

260

Building on Family Strengths: Research and Services in Support of Children and Their Families. Proceedings of the Building on Family Strengths Annual Conference (14th, Portland, Oregon, May 31-June 2, 2007) and State of the Science Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The State of the Science conference was held in May, 2007 as part of the ongoing series of national conferences, "Building on Family Strengths," conducted by the Research and Training Center on Family Support and Children's Mental Health at Portland State University. The theme of this State-of-the Science conference was "Effective services for all…

Swart, Sandra, Ed.; Friesen, Barbara, Ed.; Holman, Ariel, Ed.; Aue, Nicole, Ed.

2009-01-01

261

Low-complexity maximum-likelihood detection of coded signals sent over finite-state Markov channels  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a decision-feedback decoder for coded signals transmitted over finite-state Markov channels. The decoder achieves maximum-likelihood sequence detection (in the absence of feedback errors) with very low complexity by exploiting previous bit decisions and the Markov structure of the channel. We also propose a similar decoder, the output-feedback decoder, that does not use previous bit decisions and therefore does

Lifang Li; Andrea J. Goldsmith

2002-01-01

262

Better Buildings  

E-print Network

on capital ? Delaware State University secured construction financing via the Delaware Sustainable Energy Utility?s Energy Efficiency Construction Bonds for an energy services performance contract across 26 buildings that will result in 25 percent...

Neukomm, M.

2012-01-01

263

Comparison of Codes and Neutronics Data Used in the United States and Russia for the TOPAZ-2 Nuclear Safety Assessment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The TOPAZ-2 reactor system is a heterogeneous epithermal system fueled with highly-enriched fuel based on uranium oxide, cooled by a sodium-potassium liquid metal (NaK), using a zirconium hydride moderator, with 37 thermionic fuel elements (TFEs) built into the core. The core is surrounded by a radial beryllium reflector which contains rotating regulating drums with moderating segments. An important problem is the guaranteeing of nuclear safety upon the accidental falling of the TOPAZ-2 reactor into water, which leads to the growth of the reactivity of the reactor. It has turned out that it is necessary to use the Monte-Carlo method for the conduct of neutronics calculations of such a complex reactor. In the United States (U.S.) and Russia, different codes based on the Monte-Carlo method are used for calculations - the MCNP code in the U.S., and the MCU-2 code in Russia. The goal of this work is the comparison of the codes and neutronics data used in the U.S. and Russia for the basis of the TOPAZ-2 nuclear safety. With this goal, a joint computer model benchmark of the TOPAZ-2 reactor was developed and the calculations of a series of variants, differing by the presence and absence of water in the reactor cavities and behind the radial reflector, in the position of the regulating drums, in the presence of the radial reflector, etc. were done independently by specialists in both the U.S. and Russia. Along with the reactor calculations, calculations were also done of the nuclei of the core using the MCNP code (U.S.) and the MCU-2 code (Russia). The work done allowed one to obtain results comparing the MCNP code to the MCU-2 code which gave somewhat different results both for the absolute values of Keff and for reactivity effects. In the future it remains to conduct a detailed analysis of the reasons for the discrepancies. For this it is necessary to exchange neutronics data used for TOPAZ-2 reactor calculations in the U.S. and Russia.

Glushkov, Y. S.; Ponomarov-Stepnoy, N. N.; Kompaniets, G. V.; Gomin, Y. A.; Mayorov, L. V.; Lobyntsev, V. A.; Polyakov, D. N.; Sapir, Joe; Pelowitz, Denise; Streetman, J. Robert

1994-07-01

264

Modeling the effect of climate change on U.S. state-level buildings energy demands in an integrated assessment framework  

SciTech Connect

As long-term socioeconomic transformation and energy service expansion show large spatial heterogeneity, advanced understanding of climate impact on building energy use at the sub-national level will offer useful insights into climate policy and regional energy system planning. In this study, we presented a detailed building energy model with a U.S. state-level representation, nested in the GCAM integrated assessment framework. We projected state-level building energy demand and its spatial pattern over the century, considering the impact of climate change based on the estimates of heating and cooling degree days derived from downscaled USGS CASCaDE temperature data. The result indicates that climate change has a large impact on heating and cooling building energy and fuel use at the state level, exhibiting large spatial heterogeneity across states (ranges from -10% to +10%). The sensitivity analysis reveals that the building energy demand is subject to multiple key factors, such as the magnitude of climate change, the choice of climate models, and the growth of population and GDP, and that their relative contributions vary greatly across the space. The scale impact in building energy use modeling highlights the importance of constructing a building energy model with the spatially-explicit representation of socioeconomics, energy system development, and climate change. These findings will help the climate-based policy decision and energy system, especially utility planning related to building sector at the U.S. state and regional level facing the potential climate change.

Zhou, Yuyu; Clarke, Leon E.; Eom, Jiyong; Kyle, G. Page; Patel, Pralit L.; Kim, Son H.; Dirks, James A.; Jensen, Erik A.; Liu, Ying; Rice, Jennie S.; Schmidt, Laurel C.; Seiple, Timothy E.

2014-01-01

265

SALT (System Analysis Language Translater): A steady state and dynamic systems code  

Microsoft Academic Search

SALT (System Analysis Language Translater) is a lumped parameter approach to system analysis which is totally modular. The modules are all precompiled and only the main program, which is generated by SALT, needs to be compiled for each unique system configuration. This is a departure from other lumped parameter codes where all models are written by MACROS and then compiled

G. Berry; H. Geyer

1983-01-01

266

A three-dimensional turbine engine analysis compressor code (TEACC) for steady-state inlet distortion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The direct approach of modeling the flow between all blade passages for each blade row in the compressor is too computationally intensive for practical design and analysis investigations with inlet distortion. Therefore a new simulation tool called the Turbine Engine Analysis Compressor Code (TEACC) has been developed. TEACC solves the compressible, time-dependent, three-dimensional Euler equations modified to include turbomachinery source

A. Hale

1998-01-01

267

NASA Glen Steady-State Heat Pipe Code Users Manual, DOS Input. Version 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The heat pipe code LERCHP has been revised, corrected, and extended. New features include provisions for pipes with curvature and bends in "G" fields. Heat pipe limits are examined in detail and limit envelopes are shown for some sodium and lithium-filled heat pipes. Refluxing heat pipes and gas-loaded or variable conductance heat pipes were not considered.

Tower, Leonard K.

2000-01-01

268

Spotlight on Speech Codes 2012: The State of Free Speech on Our Nation's Campuses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. Supreme Court has called America's colleges and universities "vital centers for the Nation's intellectual life," but the reality today is that many of these institutions severely restrict free speech and open debate. Speech codes--policies prohibiting student and faculty speech that would, outside the bounds of campus, be protected by the…

Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (NJ1), 2012

2012-01-01

269

FIVE-DIGIT ZIP CODE BOUNDARIES FOR THE CONTERMINOUS UNITED STATES  

EPA Science Inventory

The Five-Digit ZIP (Zoning Improvement Plan) Code boundary layer (zip5) is derived from the Geographic Data Technology (GDT), Inc. ZIP Boundary and Inventory Files (v. 5.0) and stored in the EPA Spatial Data Library System (ESDLS). This layer contains data for the conterminous U...

270

Home energy ratings and energy codes -- A marriage that should work  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines how voluntary home energy ratings systems (HERS) can be married to mandatory energy codes to increase code compliance while providing added benefits to consumers, builders, and code officials. Effective code enforcement and compliance is a common problem for state and local jurisdictions attempting to reduce energy consumption and increase housing affordability. Reasons frequently cited for energy code noncompliance are: (1) builder resistance to government regulations and change in building practices; (2) the perceived complexity of the code; (3) a lack of familiarity of energy impacts by cod officials and the housing industry, and (4) inadequate government resources for enforcement. By combing ratings and codes, one can create a win-win approach for code officials and energy rating organizations, the housing industry, as well as consumers who wish to reduce air pollution and energy waste. Additionally, state and local government experiences where the marriage between codes and ratings has begun are highlighted and the barriers and benefits assessed.

Verdict, M.E.; Fairey, P.W.; DeWein, M.C.

1998-07-01

271

This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)  

E-print Network

heat transfer simulation developed by Eskilson(1); and short-term temperature response of the ground. GLHEPRO -- A Design Tool For Commercial Building Ground Loop Heat Exchangers. Proceedings of the Fourth TOOL FOR COMMERCIAL BUILDING GROUND LOOP HEAT EXCHANGERS JEFFREY D. SPITLER, PH.D., P.E. Oklahoma State

272

CANADA RUSSIA UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES Building / Launching / Operating first ever high definition,  

E-print Network

Google Earth #12;Medium Res Camera · RALCAM3 ­ existing design · Build-to-print solution for the ISS;9 BUSINESS MODEL Application Platform Sales Scenario - Social gaming and commercial apps Customers - Apple, Blackberry Android via UrtheCast open Application Program Interface UrtheCast will have truly unique content

273

Sustainability Assessment of the Robert E. Johnson State Office Building, Final Report, Revised April 2002  

E-print Network

’s northern facade is approximately 14 degrees west of north, exposing it to direct sunlight during the late afternoon hours in the winter. It is also important to note that the building contains over 50% glazing in the façade consisting of two types of energy...

Sylvester, K. E.; Song, S.; Haberl, J. S.; Turner, W. D.

2002-01-01

274

Pursuant to California Government Code section 8548.2, each state agency shall post this notice at its state office(s) in locations where employee notices are maintained. In compliance with California Labor Code section 1102.8, if you have information reg  

E-print Network

Pursuant to California Government Code section 8548.2, each state agency shall post this notice Labor Code section 1102.8, if you have information regarding possible violations of state or federal Golden Shore, Long Beach, CA 90802 or contact the appointed campus administrator. (800) 952-5665 Phone

Jacobs, Lucia

275

A three-dimensional turbine engine analysis compressor code (TEACC) for steady-state inlet distortion  

SciTech Connect

The direct approach of modeling the flow between all blade passages for each blade row in the compressor is too computationally intensive for practical design and analysis investigations with inlet distortion. Therefore a new simulation tool called the Turbine Engine Analysis Compressor Code (TEACC) has been developed. TEACC solves the compressible, time-dependent, three-dimensional Euler equations modified to include turbomachinery source terms, which represent the effect of the blades. The source terms are calculated for each blade row by the application of a streamline curvature code. TEACC was validated against experimental data from the transonic NASA rotor, Rotor 1B, for a clean inlet and for an inlet distortion produced by a 90-deg, one-per-revolution distortion screen. TEACC revealed that strong swirl produced by the rotor caused the compressor to increase in loading in the direction of rotor rotation through the distorted region and decrease in loading circumferentially away from the distorted region.

Hale, A. [Sverdrup Technology, Inc., Arnold AFB, TN (United States); O`Brien, W. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Mechanical Engineering Dept.

1998-07-01

276

Module Title: Solid state and ultrafast lasers Module Code: OPTO6002  

E-print Network

. These subjects will build on the basic laser theory covered in PHYS3005, and show how that theory can be applied and technology. The operating principles of a wide variety of lasers in these two areas will be covered, as well@orc.soton.ac.uk Is the module be subject to external accreditation? No If yes, by which body/bodies? N/A Description Laser

Anderson, Jim

277

Building emulation computer program for testing of energy management and control system algorithms  

SciTech Connect

A building emulator can be used to test energy management and control systems (EMCS). The emulator uses a computer program to simulate the responses of a building including the equipment, building space, and building envelope to EMCS commands. Building model software for the emulator has been developed at the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) in an effort to assist the United States Naval Civil Engineering Laboratory (NCEL), which is developing a sophisticated building emulator. The concept of the building emulator and the building emulator computer program are described in this report. The program includes the weather, the air handling unit, the zone, and the comfort model. In addition, the energy compilation routine is also included. The models presented here are simplified models. With these abridged models, a single zone building with exterior walls and a single deck air handling unit are simulated. A complete FORTRAN source code of the building emulator computer program is appended.

May, W.B.; Park, C.

1985-12-01

278

Developing "BUILDING/ FACILITY ENERGY CONSUMPTION DATA SHEET" for Political Subdivisions, Institutions of Higher Education, and State Agencies, to Satisfy Senate Bill 898 (82nd R) Reporting Requirements  

E-print Network

As mandated by the 82nd R Legislature (2011), Senate Bill 898, Health and Safety Code, Section 388.005, beginning September 1, 2011, each political subdivision, institution of higher education or state agency shall establish a goal to reduce...

Parker, P.; Baltazar, J.; Haberl, J.; Yazdani, B.; Zilbershtein, G.

2012-01-01

279

Free Code  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Free Code, a service of Andover.Net, is a large index of Internet-related software tool source code. The tools are written in C/C++, Perl, Java, or Visual Basic, and are free for personal and commercial use. They range from handy Perl CGI scripts to Java-based graphics packages. Each tool in the index is briefly described, characterized by language and operating system, and linked to both the home page for the tool and the source code. The total lack of documentation for the search engine makes useful queries hard to create, but the tools are still easy-to-find. This is a very useful index for anyone building Internet or Web-based applications.

280

What's coming in 2012 codes  

E-print Network

The 2012 IECC America?s Model Building Energy Code November 9, 2011 Presentation to Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference Dallas, TX Eric Lacey Responsible Energy Codes Alliance Responsible Energy Codes Alliance ? A broad....S. EPA) RECA Resources Available ? 2012 IECC RECA Compliance Guides ? Available on www.reca-codes.com ? Hard copies available directly from RECA 202-339-6366 Eric Lacey, Chairman Responsible Energy Codes Alliance eric@reca-codes.com 202...

Lacey, E

2011-01-01

281

Differences between the 1992 and 1993 CABO Model Energy Codes  

SciTech Connect

This report is one in a series of documents describing research activities in support of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Standards Program. The Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) leads the program for DOE. The goal of the Program is to develop and encourage the implementation Of Performance standards to achieve the maximum practicable energy efficiency in the design of new buildings. The program approach to meeting the goal is to initiate and manage individual research and standards and guidelines development efforts that are planned and conducted in cooperation with representatives from throughout the buildings community. Projects under way involve practicing architects and engineers, Professional societies and code organizations, industry representatives, and researchers from the private sector and national laboratories. Research results and technical justifications for standards criteria are provided to standards development and model code organizations and to Federal, State, and local jurisdictions as a basis to update their codes and standards. This effort helps to ensure that building standards incorporate the latest research results to achieve maximum energy savings in new buildings, Yet remain responsive to the needs of the affected professions, organizations, and jurisdictions. Our efforts also support the implementation, deployment, and use of energy-efficient codes and standards. This report identifies the differences between the 1992 and 1993 editions of the Council of American Building Officials, (CABO) Model Energy Code (MEC) and briefly highlights the technical and administrative impacts of these changes.

Conover, D.R.; Lucas, R.G.

1995-01-01

282

OpenMC: A State-of-the-Art Monte Carlo Code for Research and Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper gives an overview of OpenMC, an open source Monte Carlo particle transport code recently developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. OpenMC uses continuous-energy cross sections and a constructive solid geometry representation, enabling high-fidelity modeling of nuclear reactors and other systems. Modern, portable input/output file formats are used in OpenMC: XML for input, and HDF5 for output. High performance parallel algorithms in OpenMC have demonstrated near-linear scaling to over 100,000 processors on modern supercomputers. Other topics discussed in this paper include plotting, CMFD acceleration, variance reduction, eigenvalue calculations, and software development processes.

Romano, Paul K.; Horelik, Nicholas E.; Herman, Bryan R.; Nelson, Adam G.; Forget, Benoit; Smith, Kord

2014-06-01

283

Study on steady state wind and turbulence environments. [structure of wakes near buildings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The structure of wakes and how this structure is related to the size and shape of buildings and other obstacles, and to ambient winds, was investigated. Mean values of natural atmospheric flow were obtained and used in conjunction with theoretical relationships developed by dimensional analysis to establish a model of the flow in the wake. Results indicate that conventional and V/STOL aircraft passing through the wake during takeoff and landing would experience not only a change in turbulence level, but also a change in mean wind speed of a magnitude roughly equivalent to that of the eddy components.

Brundidge, K. C.

1977-01-01

284

Building a Multicontextual Model of Latino College Enrollment: Student, School, and State-Level Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latinos' college enrollment rates, particularly in four-year institutions, have not kept pace with their population growth in the United States. Using three-level hierarchical generalized linear modeling, this study analyzes data from the Educational Longitudinal Study (ELS) to examine the influence of high school and state contexts, in addition…

Nunez, Anne-Marie; Kim, Dongbin

2012-01-01

285

Leveraging the Power of State Longitudinal Data Systems: Building Capacity to Turn Data into Useful Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faced with the need to create a competitive workforce and improve the quality of our education system, states are pursuing policy agendas to better prepare students for postsecondary education and careers. To inform these agendas, statewide longitudinal data systems (SLDSs) have become an invaluable asset and serve as a tool to help states answer…

Data Quality Campaign, 2011

2011-01-01

286

Promoting Positive Parenting Practices through Parenting Education. Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series, Number 13  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2003, the Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) released a "Strategic Plan for Early Childhood Health." In recognition of the critical role states play in the development of early childhood initiatives and of the unique contributions that state Title V programs can make to these initiatives, the Bureau operationalized their strategic plan…

Zepeda, Marlene; Varela, Frances; Morales, Alex

2004-01-01

287

The HART II International Workshop: An Assessment of the State-of-the-Art in Comprehensive Code Prediction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Significant advancements in computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and their coupling with computational structural dynamics (CSD, or comprehensive codes) for rotorcraft applications have been achieved recently. Despite this, CSD codes with their engineering level of modeling the rotor blade dynamics, the unsteady sectional aerodynamics and the vortical wake are still the workhorse for the majority of applications. This is especially true when a large number of parameter variations is to be performed and their impact on performance, structural loads, vibration and noise is to be judged in an approximate yet reliable and as accurate as possible manner. In this article, the capabilities of such codes are evaluated using the HART II International Workshop database, focusing on a typical descent operating condition which includes strong blade-vortex interactions. A companion article addresses the CFD/CSD coupled approach. Three cases are of interest: the baseline case and two cases with 3/rev higher harmonic blade root pitch control (HHC) with different control phases employed. One setting is for minimum blade-vortex interaction noise radiation and the other one for minimum vibration generation. The challenge is to correctly predict the wake physics-especially for the cases with HHC-and all the dynamics, aerodynamics, modifications of the wake structure and the aero-acoustics coming with it. It is observed that the comprehensive codes used today have a surprisingly good predictive capability when they appropriately account for all of the physics involved. The minimum requirements to obtain these results are outlined. XXXX The HART-II Workshops have resulted in significant improvement in the knowledge of how reliable the most utilized comprehensive codes from industry can predict rotor behavior with higher harmonic controls and blade vortex interactions. Without the collaboration provided via the Workshop series, it would not have been possible to determine the current state of the art, including the strengths and weaknesses of these methodologies. For future work, it is recommended that testing of these rotor blade types include measurement of blade bending and torsion across the entire span to provide a more complete database. It is also recommended that a very detailed and reliable knowledge of the blade structural properties be included, as questions in the appropriate modeling of the blade can render the numerical conclusions less useful. Further, it is suggested that the impact of the fuselage on wake trajectories and hence the BVI locations be further investigated.

vanderWall, Berend G.; Lim, Joon W.; Smith, Marilyn J.; Jung, Sung N.; Bailly, Joelle; Baeder, James D.; Boyd, D. Douglas, Jr.

2013-01-01

288

Building Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From residential houses to hundred-story skyscrapers, many different technologies come together to make a building safe and comfortable. Building design is a continually changing industry, and new advances are being made possible as research progresses.Sustainable development is gaining popularity worldwide in an effort to minimize environmental impact. The Center for Resourceful Building Technology (1) maintains an online guide that describes building practices that are resource-efficient; some information on the center's research projects is also available. Similar in topic is this report from the National Association of Home Builders Research Center (2). The 70-page document is the final report of an April 2003 conference on green building; it gives day-by-day summaries of presentations and activities in which the conference participants were involved. Office buildings have a number of design issues that need to be considered to make a productive work environment. One such issue is the acoustics in a cubicle workspace. The Canadian Institute for Research in Construction (3) discusses some design factors that can improve privacy even in the very open atmosphere of closely spaced cubicles. In the wake of the 2001 anthrax scare, a research project at Pennsylvania State University has garnered significant attention. This paper (4) introduces immune buildings, which have advanced ventilation and air filtration systems that can mitigate the danger caused by airborne pathogens. Experimental results from the project are also presented. The US Department of Energy High Performance Building Initiative (5) is investigating new technologies to make commercial buildings more comfortable and cost effective. Several interesting technical papers and introductory reports are given on the initiative's homepage, including a technology road map for high performance buildings. This essay from the June 2003 issue of Constructech Magazine (6) highlights a movement toward integrated control systems for all types of buildings. The author notes that having a unified system that automatically manages security, lighting, energy, and several other building operations can save time and money in the long run. Another article, written by a member of the Partnership for Advanced Technology in Housing (7), discusses building materials and practices that can improve residential installation's resistance to major storms and natural disasters. An example of an area that is using these weather resistant designs is in Florida; the article cites the vulnerability of coastal homes to hurricanes and outlines some efforts to build them in a more structurally sound manner. Lastly, the Commercial Modular Construction Magazine (8) is a quarterly publication that centers on permanent and temporary modular building design. The second issue of 2003 has, among other things, a good article that describes the basics and benefits of modular construction.

Leske, Cavin.

289

WWW.Branding.States.US:An analysis of brand-building elements in the US state tourism websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet plays a significant role in attracting visitors and facilitating their trip planning and reservations. The website of a destination has become a crucial branding channel. However, electronic branding has yet to be adequately conceptualized, particularly in the context of destination marketing. The current study aims to fill this gap through the analysis of the 50 states’ official tourism

Gyehee Lee; Liping A. Cai; Joseph T. O’Leary

2006-01-01

290

A non-critical string (Liouville) approach to brain microtubules: State vector reduction, memory coding and capacity  

SciTech Connect

Microtubule (MT) networks, subneural paracrystalline cytoskeletal structures, seem to play a fundamental role in the neurons. The authors cast here the complicated MT dynamics in the form of a (1 + 1)-dimensional noncritical string theory, thus enabling them to provide a consistent quantum treatment of MTs, including environmental friction effects. They suggest, thus, that the MTs are the microsites, in the brain, for the emergence of stable, macroscopic quantum coherent states, identifiable with the preconscious states. Quantum space-time effects, as described by noncritical string theory, trigger than an organized collapse of the coherent states down to a specific or conscious state. The whole process they estimate to take {Omicron}(1 sec), in excellent agreement with a plethora of experimental/observational findings. The microscopic arrow of time, endemic in noncritical string theory, and apparent here in the self-collapse process, provides a satisfactory and simple resolution to the age-old problem of how the, central to one`s feelings of awareness, sensation of the progression of time is generated. In addition, the complete integrability of the stringy model for MT the authors advocate in this work proves sufficient in providing a satisfactory solution to memory coding and capacity. Such features might turn out to be important for a model of the brain as a quantum computer.

Mavromatos, N.E. [Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom). Dept. of Physics] [Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom). Dept. of Physics; Nanopoulos, D.V. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)] [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); [Houston Advanced Research Center, The Woodlands, TX (United States)

1997-03-20

291

VALIDATION OF THE eCALC COMMERCIAL CODE-COMPLIANT SIMULATION VERSUS MEASURED DATA FROM AN OFFICE BUILDING IN A HOT AND HUMID CLIMATE  

E-print Network

modified-eCALC DOE-2 model that includes simplifications of the case-study building’s characteristics. The modified-eCALC DOE-2 model was intended to be used for the development of an easy-to-use tool for the selection of high-performance systems for office...

Cho, S.; Haberl, J.

292

Building Hierarchical Models of Avian Distributions for the State of Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

To predict the distributions of breeding birds in the state of Georgia, USA, we built hierarchical models consisting of 4 levels of nested mapping units of decreasing area: 90,000 ha, 3,600 ha, 144 ha, and 5.76 ha. We used the Partners in Flight database of point counts to generate presence and absence data at locations across the state of Georgia

Jay E. Howell; James T. Peterson; Michael J. Conroy

2008-01-01

293

Results Accountability for a State Early Childhood Comprehensive System: A Planning Guide for Improving the Well Being of Young Children and Their Families. Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series. Number 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal Maternal and Child Health Bureau has launched a five-year initiative that will support state efforts to build comprehensive early childhood service systems. This initiative--the State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Initiative (SECCS)--provides two year planning grants followed by three year implementation grants to the 50 state…

Friedman, Mark

2004-01-01

294

Search for Active-State Conformation of Drug Target GPCR Using Real-Coded Genetic Algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

G-Protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) comprise a large superfamily of proteins and are a target for nearly 50% of drugs in clinical use today. GPCRs have a unique structural motif, seven transmembrane helices, and it is known that agonists and antagonists dock with a GPCR in its ``active'' and ``inactive'' condition, respectively. Knowing conformations of both states is eagerly anticipated for

Yoko Ishino; Takanori Harada; Misako Aida

2009-01-01

295

An implicit steady-state initialization package for the RELAP5 computer code  

SciTech Connect

A direct steady-state initialization (DSSI) method has been developed and implemented in the RELAP5 hydrodynamic analysis program. It provides a means for users to specify a small set of initial conditions which are then propagated through the remainder of the system. The DSSI scheme utilizes the steady-state form of the RELAP5 balance equations for nonequilibrium two-phase flow. It also employs the RELAP5 component models and constitutive model packages for wall-to-phase and interphase momentum and heat exchange. A fully implicit solution of the linearized hydrodynamic equations is implemented. An implicit coupling scheme is used to augment the standard steady-state heat conduction solution for steam generator use. It solves the primary-side tube region energy equations, heat conduction equations, wall heat flux boundary conditions, and overall energy balance equation as a coupled system of equations and improves convergence. The DSSI method for initializing RELAP5 problems to steady-state conditions has been compared with the transient solution scheme using a suite of test problems including; adiabatic single-phase liquid and vapor flow through channels with and without healing and area changes; a heated two-phase test bundle representative of BWR core conditions; and a single-loop PWR model.

Paulsen, M.P.; Peterson, C.E.; Odar, F.

1995-08-01

296

Successive Approximation Wavelet Coding of AVIRIS Hyperspectral Images  

E-print Network

1 Successive Approximation Wavelet Coding of AVIRIS Hyperspectral Images Alessandro J. S. Dutra This work presents compression algorithms which build on a state-of-the-art codec, the Set Partitioned hyperspectral images, which possess 224 spectral bands. The first proposed method, LVQ-SPECK, uses a lattice

297

Coding for Electronic Mail  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Scheme for coding facsimile messages promises to reduce data transmission requirements to one-tenth current level. Coding scheme paves way for true electronic mail in which handwritten, typed, or printed messages or diagrams sent virtually instantaneously - between buildings or between continents. Scheme, called Universal System for Efficient Electronic Mail (USEEM), uses unsupervised character recognition and adaptive noiseless coding of text. Image quality of resulting delivered messages improved over messages transmitted by conventional coding. Coding scheme compatible with direct-entry electronic mail as well as facsimile reproduction. Text transmitted in this scheme automatically translated to word-processor form.

Rice, R. F.; Lee, J. J.

1986-01-01

298

Jackson Park Hospital Green Building Medical Center  

SciTech Connect

Jackson Park Hospital completed the construction of a new Medical Office Building on its campus this spring. The new building construction has adopted the City of Chicago's recent focus on protecting the environment, and conserving energy and resources, with the introduction of green building codes. Located in a poor, inner city neighborhood on the South side of Chicago, Jackson Park Hospital has chosen green building strategies to help make the area a better place to live and work. The new green building houses the hospital's Family Medicine Residency Program and Specialty Medical Offices. The residency program has been vital in attracting new, young physicians to this medically underserved area. The new outpatient center will also help to allure needed medical providers to the community. The facility also has areas designated to women's health and community education. The Community Education Conference Room will provide learning opportunities to area residents. Emphasis will be placed on conserving resources and protecting our environment, as well as providing information on healthcare access and preventive medicine. The new Medical Office Building was constructed with numerous energy saving features. The exterior cladding of the building is an innovative, locally-manufactured precast concrete panel system with integral insulation that achieves an R-value in excess of building code requirements. The roof is a 'green roof' covered by native plantings, lessening the impact solar heat gain on the building, and reducing air conditioning requirements. The windows are low-E, tinted, and insulated to reduce cooling requirements in summer and heating requirements in winter. The main entrance has an air lock to prevent unconditioned air from entering the building and impacting interior air temperatures. Since much of the traffic in and out of the office building comes from the adjacent Jackson Park Hospital, a pedestrian bridge connects the two buildings, further decreasing the amount of unconditioned air that enters the office building. The HVAC system has an Energy Efficiency Rating 29% greater than required. No CFC based refrigerants were used in the HVAC system, thus reducing the emission of compounds that contribute to ozone depletion and global warming. In addition, interior light fixtures employ the latest energy-efficient lamp and ballast technology. Interior lighting throughout the building is operated by sensors that will automatically turn off lights inside a room when the room is unoccupied. The electrical traction elevators use less energy than typical elevators, and they are made of 95% recycled material. Further, locally manufactured products were used throughout, minimizing the amount of energy required to construct this building. The primary objective was to construct a 30,000 square foot medical office building on the Jackson Park Hospital campus that would comply with newly adopted City of Chicago green building codes focusing on protecting the environment and conserving energy and resources. The energy saving systems demonstrate a state of the-art whole-building approach to energy efficient design and construction. The energy efficiency and green aspects of the building contribute to the community by emphasizing the environmental and economic benefits of conserving resources. The building highlights the integration of Chicago's new green building codes into a poor, inner city neighborhood project and it is designed to attract medical providers and physicians to a medically underserved area.

William Dorsey; Nelson Vasquez

2010-03-31

299

FRAPCON-3: A computer code for the calculation of steady-state, thermal-mechanical behavior of oxide fuel rods for high burnup  

SciTech Connect

FRAPCON-3 is a FORTRAN IV computer code that calculates the steady-state response of light water reactor fuel rods during long-term burnup. The code calculates the temperature, pressure, and deformation of a fuel rod as functions of time-dependent fuel rod power and coolant boundary conditions. The phenomena modeled by the code include (1) heat conduction through the fuel and cladding, (2) cladding elastic and plastic deformation, (3) fuel-cladding mechanical interaction, (4) fission gas release, (5) fuel rod internal gas pressure, (6) heat transfer between fuel and cladding, (7) cladding oxidation, and (8) heat transfer from cladding to coolant. The code contains necessary material properties, water properties, and heat-transfer correlations. The codes` integral predictions of mechanical behavior have not been assessed against a data base, e.g., cladding strain or failure data. Therefore, it is recommended that the code not be used for analyses of cladding stress or strain. FRAPCON-3 is programmed for use on both mainframe computers and UNIX-based workstations such as DEC 5000 or SUN Sparcstation 10. It is also programmed for personal computers with FORTRAN compiler software and at least 8 to 10 megabytes of random access memory (RAM). The FRAPCON-3 code is designed to generate initial conditions for transient fuel rod analysis by the FRAPTRAN computer code (formerly named FRAP-T6).

Berna, G.A.; Beyer, G.A.; Davis, K.L.; Lanning, D.D.

1997-12-01

300

Response to comments received from the State of Colorado and the public on the Environmental Assessment for resumption of thermal stabilization of plutonium oxide in Building 707  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) prepared this document to respond to comments from the State of Colorado and the public on the draft Environmental Assessment (EA) for the Resumption of Thermal Stabilization of Plutonium Oxide in Building 707 at the Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) in Golden, Colorado. The draft EA was provided to the State of Colorado and the public on September 8, 1993, for a comment period of 60 days. The Department`s National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Implementing Procedures (10 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] 1021.301) requires that prior to approval of the EA, DOE is to allow the host State and Indian Tribe a period of from 14 to 30 days to review and comment on the EA. The Department established a comment period of 60 days for this EA in response to requests by the public during the first public meeting on July 7, 1993, before preparation of the EA. Other issues raised at the July 7 meeting included the range of alternatives to be considered, the time period for preparation of the EA, and the amount of material to be thermally stabilized. These and other comments made by the public at that meeting were carefully considered in preparation of the EA. In addition to providing the preapproval draft EA to the State of Colorado, DOE distributed the EA to all persons and groups on the RFP public information mailing list and placed the EA and reference documents in the DOE Public Reading Rooms in the RFP area. A public meeting was held on October 6, 1993, to hear public comments on the draft EA. All comments on the draft EA, those received both at the October 6 public meeting and through correspondence, have been reproduced in their entirety in this Response to Comments document. Responses to the commenters` questions and concerns are provided, and changes made to the body of the EA are indicated in the responses. All comments received have been considered in the revision of the EA.

Not Available

1994-02-01

301

Building-related health symptoms and classroom indoor air quality: a survey of school teachers in New York State.  

PubMed

Most previous research on indoor environments and health has studied school children or occupants in non-school settings. This investigation assessed building-related health symptoms and classroom characteristics via telephone survey of New York State school teachers. Participants were asked about 14 building-related symptoms and 23 classroom characteristics potentially related to poor indoor air quality (IAQ). Poisson regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between these symptoms and each classroom characteristic, controlling for potential confounders. About 500 teachers completed the survey. The most frequently reported classroom characteristics included open shelving (70.7%), food eaten in class (65.5%), dust (59.1%), and carpeting (46.9%). The most commonly reported symptoms included sinus problems (16.8%), headache (15.0%), allergies/congestion (14.8%), and throat irritation (14.6%). Experiencing one or more symptoms was associated most strongly with reported dust (relative risk (RR) = 3.67; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.62-5.13), dust reservoirs (RR = 2.13; 95% CI: 1.72-2.65), paint odors (RR = 1.73; 95% CI: 1.40-2.13), mold (RR = 1.71; 95% CI: 1.39-2.11), and moldy odors (RR = 1.65 95% CI: 1.30-2.10). Stronger associations were found with increasing numbers of reported IAQ-related classroom characteristics. Similar results were found with having any building-related allergic/respiratory symptom. This research adds to the body of evidence underscoring the importance to occupant health of school IAQ. PMID:25196499

Kielb, C; Lin, S; Muscatiello, N; Hord, W; Rogers-Harrington, J; Healy, J

2014-09-01

302

International comparison of passive solar simulation codes  

SciTech Connect

Two software-software comparisons of passive solar simulation codes have been conducted by the Passive Solar Applications Group of the Committee on the Challenges to Modern Society. These exercises have involved the simulation of hypothetical Trombe wall and direct gain buildings located in Madison, Wisconsin. The countries that have participated in the exercise include Canada, Denmark, France, and the United States. All results available at the time of writing are discussed in this report.

Wray, W.O.

1980-01-01

303

Generalized serial search code acquisition - The equivalent circular state diagram approach  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A transform-domain method for deriving the generating function of the acquisition process resulting from an arbitrary serial search strategy is presented. The method relies on equivalent circular state diagrams, uses Mason's formula from flow-graph theory, and employs a minimum number of required parameters. The transform-domain approach is briefly described and the concept of equivalent circular state diagrams is introduced and exploited to derive the generating function and resulting mean acquisition time for three particular cases of interest, the continuous/center Z search, the broken/center Z search, and the expanding window search. An optimization of the latter technique is performed whereby the number of partial windows which minimizes the mean acquisition time is determined. The numerical results satisfy certain intuitive predictions and provide useful design guidelines for such systems.

Polydoros, A.; Simon, M. K.

1984-01-01

304

137 Reber Building Home Address Pennsylvania State University 1320A Oak Ridge Ave  

E-print Network

plants. Undergraduate Researcher Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ, Pollution Prevention & Sustainability. Developed a spreadsheet to calculate gaseous emissions (CO, NOx, SOx, and other pollutants) for new cement State University, NucE 309 Analytical Techniques for Nuclear Concepts Fall 2014 Teaching this junior

Thole, Karen A.

305

Brownfields to School Sites: How Can the State Facilitate Cleanup To Build Essential Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents background information and testimony concerning the cleanup of potentially contaminated vacant or underutilized property for use as future school sites in low-income and minority communities. Various proposals are offered that would allow the state, where necessary, to facilitate the cleanup of these "brownfields" to create…

California State Legislature, Sacramento. Select Committee on Environmental Justice.

306

Building Regional Threat-Based Networks for Estuaries in the Western United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Estuaries are ecologically and economically valuable and have been highly degraded from both land and sea. Estuarine habitats in the coastal zone are under pressure from a range of human activities. In the United States and elsewhere, very few conservation plans focused on estuaries are regional in scope; fewer still address threats to estuary long term viability.We have compiled basic

Matthew S. Merrifield; Ellen Hines; Xiaohang Liu; Michael W. Beck; Simon Thrush

2011-01-01

307

Building Software Development Capacity to Advance the State of Educational Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational technologists may advance the state of the field by increasing capacity to develop software tools and instructional applications. Presently, few academic programs in educational technology require even a single computer programming course. Further, the educational technologists who develop software generally work independently or in…

Luterbach, Kenneth J.

2013-01-01

308

Building the Implicit BSW Curriculum at a Large Southern State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council on Social Work Education's Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards (EPAS) stresses the importance of the implicit curriculum in shaping a school's culture. This timely article describes how the implicit BSW curriculum was developed at a large Southern state university using three Web-based projects: (1) a glossary of terms for…

Holosko, Michael; Skinner, Jeffrey; MacCaughelty, Chelsea; Stahl, Kate Morrissey

2010-01-01

309

A history of the Building Energy Standards Program  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the history of the Pacific Northwest Laboratory`s (PNL`s) work in development of energy standards for commercial and residential construction in the United States. PNL`s standards development efforts are concentrated in the Building Energy Standards Program (the Program), which PNL conducts for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Codes and Standards. The Program has worked with DOE, the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. (ASHRAE), and other building codes and standards organizations to develop, evaluate, and promulgate energy standards in all sectors of the building industry. This report describes the recent history of U.S. code development and PNL`s contributions through the 1980s and early 1990s, up to the passage of the Energy Policy Act of 1992. Impacts to standards development resulting from the passage of this act will be described in other reports.

Shankle, D.L.; Merrick, J.A.; Gilbride, T.L.

1994-02-01

310

Counter-narcotics policies in Tajikistan and their impact on state building  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the early 1990s, Tajikistan has become a key hub along international opiates-trafficking routes. Tajik security agencies lack the equipment and the skills to effectively counter drug-smuggling networks. Funding from external donors has partially contributed to the renovation and modernization of these agencies. Since the late 1990s both the United States and the European Union have been providing assistance to

Filippo De Danieli

2011-01-01

311

Exterior building details of Building B, east façade: ca. 1914 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building B, east façade: ca. 1914 covered porch with an asphalt singled low-hipped roof; southwesterly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

312

Interior building details of Building A, dungeon cell adjacent to ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior building details of Building A, dungeon cell adjacent to northwest cell: granite and brick threshold, poured concrete floors, plastered finished walls, vaulted veiling; northwesterly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

313

Exterior building details of Building C, east façade: brick quoins, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building C, east façade: brick quoins, brick lintels, brick window sills, decorative metal grilles, scored cement finished brick wall; westerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

314

Exterior building details of Building B, east façade: second floor ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building B, east façade: second floor entrance with cement plaster profiled surround and embedded wood beam end; westerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

315

3. East side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking west ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. East side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking west - Naval Air Station Chase Field, Building 1001, Independence Street, .45 mile south of intersection of Texas State Highway & Independence Street, Beeville, Bee County, TX

316

6. West side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking southeast ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. West side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking southeast - Naval Air Station Chase Field, Building 1001, Independence Street, .45 mile south of intersection of Texas State Highway & Independence Street, Beeville, Bee County, TX

317

5. North side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking southeast ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. North side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking southeast - Naval Air Station Chase Field, Building 1001, Independence Street, .45 mile south of intersection of Texas State Highway & Independence Street, Beeville, Bee County, TX

318

4. South side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking north ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. South side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking north - Naval Air Station Chase Field, Building 1001, Independence Street, .45 mile south of intersection of Texas State Highway & Independence Street, Beeville, Bee County, TX

319

9. Interior of Building 1001 (administration building), Room 204, vault, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. Interior of Building 1001 (administration building), Room 204, vault, looking east - Naval Air Station Chase Field, Building 1001, Independence Street, .45 mile south of intersection of Texas State Highway & Independence Street, Beeville, Bee County, TX

320

Patterns of state building in the Arabian Gulf: Kuwait and Qatar  

SciTech Connect

In the past few decades Kuwait and Qatar have experienced a radial but apparently smoothly transition from protectorate poverty to petroleum prosperity. Rapid economic and social changes have been accompanied by remarkable political continuity at the apex of their systems. This thesis examines this apparent continuity in ruling regimes. Oil revenues, it argues, preserved continuity only at the very apex of the political system. This continuity was accompanied by the breakdown of the historical ruling coalition binding the amirs and the trading families and its replacement by a new, but ultimately precarious, set of coalitions: first, between the amir and the national population, through social services and direct transfers; second, between the amir and the ruling family, whose political role expanded. These changes were the result of oil: by freeing rulers from the need to extract resources from the population, oil freed them from their historical economic hence political dependence on the merchants, the group which had historically pressed its claims most effectively on the state. Instead a tacit deal developed between the amirs and the trading families: a trade of wealth for formal power. Finally, the thesis argues that these new arrangements are only transitional adaptations. Distributive policies designed to ensure domestic peace have inadvertantly created relatively large and complex state administrations, or distributive states.

Crystal, J.

1986-01-01

321

Elias Coding Mario A. T. Figueiredo,  

E-print Network

Elias Coding M´ario A. T. Figueiredo, Departamento de Engenharia Electrot´ecnica e de Computadores two techniques proposed by Elias to build instantaneous binary codes for arbitrary integers. 1 The Elias Gamma Code The Elias gamma code is the simplest of the Elias codes and is defined as follows

Figueiredo, Mário A. T.

322

Quantum codes over Finite Frobenius Rings  

E-print Network

. We also develop propagation rules to build new codes from existing codes. Non binary codes have been realized as a gray image of linear Z4 code, hence the most natural class of ring that is suitable for coding theory is given by finite Frobenius rings...

Sarma, Anurupa

2012-10-19

323

50 CFR Table 17 to Part 679 - Process Codes for Use With State of Alaska Commercial Operator's Annual Report (COAR)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of Alaska Commercial Operator's Annual Report (COAR) 17 Table 17 to Part 679...CONTINUED) FISHERIES OF THE EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Table 17...of Alaska Commercial Operator's Annual Report (COAR) Codes Process Codes and...

2010-10-01

324

Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003  

EIA Publications

The Energy Information Administration conducts the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) to collect information on energy-related building characteristics and types and amounts of energy consumed in commercial buildings in the United States.

2008-01-01

325

FRAPCON-2: a computer code for the calculation of steady state thermal-mechanical behavior of oxide fuel rods. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

FRAPCON-2 is a FORTRAN IV computer code that calculates the steady state response of light water reactor fuel rods during long-term burnup. The code calculates the temperature, pressure, deformation, and failure histories of a fuel rod as functions of time-dependent fuel rod power and coolant boundary conditions. The phenomena modeled by the code include: (a) heat conduction through the fuel and cladding, (b) cladding elastic and plastic deformation, (c) fuel-cladding mechanical interaction, (d) fission gas release, (e) fuel rod internal gas pressure, (f) heat transfer between fuel and cladding, (g) cladding oxidation, and (h) heat transfer from cladding to coolant. The code contains necessary material properties, water properties, and heat transfer correlations. FRAPCON-2 is programmed for use on the CDC Cyber 175 and 176 computers. The FRAPCON-2 code is designed to generate initial conditions for transient fuel rod analysis by either the FRAP-T6 computer code or the thermal-hydraulic code, RELAP4/MOD7 Version2.

Berna, G.A.; Bohn, M.P.; Rausch, W.N.; Williford, R.E.; Lanning, D.D.

1981-01-01

326

A Non-critical String (Liouville) Approach to Brain Microtubules: State Vector reduction, Memory coding and Capacity  

E-print Network

Microtubule (MT) networks, subneural paracrystalline cytosceletal structures, seem to play a fundamental role in the neurons. We cast here the complicated MT dynamics in the form of a $1+1$-dimensional non-critical string theory, thus enabling us to provide a consistent quantum treatment of MTs, including enviromental {\\em friction} effects. Quantum space-time effects, as described by non-critical string theory, trigger then an {\\em organized collapse} of the coherent states down to a specific or {\\em conscious state}. The whole process we estimate to take ${\\cal O}(1\\,{\\rm sec})$. The {\\em microscopic arrow of time}, endemic in non-critical string theory, and apparent here in the self-collapse process, provides a satisfactory and simple resolution to the age-old problem of how the, central to our feelings of awareness, sensation of the progression of time is generated. In addition, the complete integrability of the stringy model for MT we advocate in this work proves sufficient in providing a satisfactory solution to memory coding and capacity. Such features might turn out to be important for a model of the brain as a quantum computer.

N. E. Mavromatos; D. V. Nanopoulos

1995-12-18

327

Putting Chronic Disease on the Map: Building GIS Capacity in State and Local Health Departments  

PubMed Central

Techniques based on geographic information systems (GIS) have been widely adopted and applied in the fields of infectious disease and environmental epidemiology; their use in chronic disease programs is relatively new. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention is collaborating with the National Association of Chronic Disease Directors and the University of Michigan to provide health departments with capacity to integrate GIS into daily operations, which support priorities for surveillance and prevention of chronic diseases. So far, 19 state and 7 local health departments participated in this project. On the basis of these participants’ experiences, we describe our training strategy and identify high-impact GIS skills that can be mastered and applied over a short time in support of chronic disease surveillance. We also describe the web-based resources in the Chronic Disease GIS Exchange that were produced on the basis of this training and are available to anyone interested in GIS and chronic disease (www.cdc.gov/DHDSP/maps/GISX). GIS offers diverse sets of tools that promise increased productivity for chronic disease staff of state and local health departments. PMID:23786907

Casper, Michele; Tootoo, Joshua; Schieb, Linda

2013-01-01

328

Analysis of the Chinese Market for Building Energy Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

China will account for about half of the new construction globally in the coming decade. Its floorspace doubled from 1996 to 2011, and Chinese rural buildings alone have as much floorspace as all of U.S. residential buildings. Building energy consumption has also grown, increasing by over 40% since 1990. To curb building energy demand, the Chinese government has launched a series of policies and programs. Combined, this growth in buildings and renovations, along with the policies to promote green buildings, are creating a large market for energy efficiency products and services. This report assesses the impact of China’s policies on building energy efficiency and on the market for energy efficiency in the future. The first chapter of this report introduces the trends in China, drawing on both historical analysis, and detailed modeling of the drivers behind changes in floorspace and building energy demand such as economic and population growth, urbanization, policy. The analysis describes the trends by region, building type and energy service. The second chapter discusses China’s policies to promote green buildings. China began developing building energy codes in the 1980s. Over time, the central government has increased the stringency of the code requirements and the extent of enforcement. The codes are mandatory in all new buildings and major renovations in China’s cities, and they have been a driving force behind the expansion of China’s markets for insulation, efficient windows, and other green building materials. China also has several other important policies to encourage efficient buildings, including the Three-Star Rating System (somewhat akin to LEED), financial incentives tied to efficiency, appliance standards, a phasing out of incandescent bulbs and promotion of efficient lighting, and several policies to encourage retrofits in existing buildings. In the third chapter, we take “deep dives” into the trends affecting key building components. This chapter examines insulation in walls and roofs; efficient windows and doors; heating, air conditioning and controls; and lighting. These markets have seen significant growth because of the strength of the construction sector but also the specific policies that require and promote efficient building components. At the same time, as requirements have become more stringent, there has been fierce competition, and quality has at time suffered, which in turn has created additional challenges. Next we examine existing buildings in chapter four. China has many Soviet-style, inefficient buildings built before stringent requirements for efficiency were more widely enforced. As a result, there are several specific market opportunities related to retrofits. These fall into two or three categories. First, China now has a code for retrofitting residential buildings in the north. Local governments have targets of the number of buildings they must retrofit each year, and they help finance the changes. The requirements focus on insulation, windows, and heat distribution. Second, the Chinese government recently decided to increase the scale of its retrofits of government and state-owned buildings. It hopes to achieve large scale changes through energy service contracts, which creates an opportunity for energy service companies. Third, there is also a small but growing trend to apply energy service contracts to large commercial and residential buildings. This report assesses the impacts of China’s policies on building energy efficiency. By examining the existing literature and interviewing stakeholders from the public, academic, and private sectors, the report seeks to offer an in-depth insights of the opportunities and barriers for major market segments related to building energy efficiency. The report also discusses trends in building energy use, policies promoting building energy efficiency, and energy performance contracting for public building retrofits.

Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd; Shi, Qing

2014-03-20

329

Energy Codes and Standards: Facilities  

SciTech Connect

Energy codes and standards play a vital role in the marketplace by setting minimum requirements for energy-efficient design and construction. They outline uniform requirements for new buildings as well as additions and renovations. This article covers basic knowledge of codes and standards; development processes of each; adoption, implementation, and enforcement of energy codes and standards; and voluntary energy efficiency programs.

Bartlett, Rosemarie; Halverson, Mark A.; Shankle, Diana L.

2007-01-01

330

Simulating the Transverse Ising Model on a Quantum Computer: Error Correction with the Surface Code  

E-print Network

We estimate the resource requirements for the quantum simulation of the ground state energy of the one dimensional quantum transverse Ising model (TIM), based on the surface code implementation of a fault tolerant quantum computer. The surface code approach has one of the highest known tolerable error rates (1%) which makes it currently one of the most practical quantum computing schemes. Compared to results of the same model using the concatenated Steane code, the current results indicate that the simulation time is comparable but the number of physical qubits for the surface code is 2-3 orders of magnitude larger than that of the concatenation code. Considering that the error threshold requirements of the surface code is four orders of magnitude higher than the concatenation code, building a quantum computer with a surface code implementation appears more promising given current physical hardware capabilities.

Hao You; Michael R. Geller; P. C. Stancil

2013-03-29

331

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-print Network

Sciences Building 3 Human Resources 11 Information Services 34 Institute of Professional Legal Studies (IPLS) 4 International and Postgraduate Student Centre 1n International Office 33 INTO at Queen's 13 and Student Affairs 3 Administration Building 32 Ashby Building 27 Belfast City Hospital 28 Bernard Crossland

Paxton, Anthony T.

332

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-print Network

Accommodation) 5 Harty Room, School of Music 26 Health Sciences Building 3 Human Resources 11 Information Services 34 Institute of Professional Legal Studies (IPLS) 4 International and Postgraduate Student Centre's University Belfast Campus Map The Lanyon Building The Students' Union The David Keir Building School Offices

Paxton, Anthony T.

333

NATURAL CONVECTION IN PASSIVE SOLAR BUILDINGS: EXPERIMENTS, ANALYSIS AND RESULTS  

E-print Network

temperature distributions *BLAST (Building Loads Analysiszones used in the BLAST simulations. The building has beenbuilding energy analysis techniques, including the most sophisticated computer codes (BLAST,*

Gadgil, Ashok; Bauman, Fred; Kammerud, Ronald

2008-01-01

334

Building Regional Threat-Based Networks for Estuaries in the Western United States  

PubMed Central

Estuaries are ecologically and economically valuable and have been highly degraded from both land and sea. Estuarine habitats in the coastal zone are under pressure from a range of human activities. In the United States and elsewhere, very few conservation plans focused on estuaries are regional in scope; fewer still address threats to estuary long term viability.We have compiled basic information about the spatial extent of threats to identify commonalities. To do this we classify estuaries into hierarchical networks that share similar threat characteristics using a spatial database (geodatabase) of threats to estuaries from land and sea in the western U.S.Our results show that very few estuaries in this region (16%) have no or minimal stresses from anthropogenic activity. Additionally, one quarter (25%) of all estuaries in this study have moderate levels of all threats. The small number of un-threatened estuaries is likely not representative of the ecological variability in the region and will require working to abate threats at others. We think the identification of these estuary groups can foster sharing best practices and coordination of conservation activities amongst estuaries in any geography. PMID:21387006

Merrifield, Matthew S.; Hines, Ellen; Liu, Xiaohang; Beck, Michael W.

2011-01-01

335

Building Needs for the Handicapped.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Listed in the document are specific building needs for the handicapped. It is explained that the detailed survey forms can be used to determine building accessibility for a wide range of handicapping conditions. Survey information includes the specific building need (e.g. 12 foot wide parking space) and the letter code for affected function. Space…

Windham Southeast Supervisory Union, Brattleboro, VT.

336

Code of Conduct for Financial Aid Professionals at Boise State University The Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008 [HEOA 487(a)(25)] requires every  

E-print Network

Code of Conduct for Financial Aid Professionals at Boise State University The Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008 [HEOA § 487(a)(25)] requires every institution of higher education that participates on an education loan provided to a student employed by the institution if those terms and benefits are comparable

Barrash, Warren

337

50 CFR Table 16 to Part 679 - Area Codes and Descriptions for Use With State of Alaska ADF&G Commercial Operator's Annual...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

50 ? Wildlife and Fisheries ? 9 ? 2010-10-01 ? 2010-10-01 ? false ? Area Codes and Descriptions for Use With State of Alaska ADF&G Commercial Operator's Annual Report (COAR) ? 16 ? Table 16 to Part 679 ? Wildlife and Fisheries ? FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND...

2010-10-01

338

Solar buildings. Overview: The Solar Buildings Program  

SciTech Connect

Buildings account for more than one third of the energy used in the United States each year, consuming vast amounts of electricity, natural gas, and fuel oil. Given this level of consumption, the buildings sector is rife with opportunity for alternative energy technologies. The US Department of Energy`s Solar Buildings Program was established to take advantage of this opportunity. The Solar Buildings Program is engaged in research, development, and deployment on solar thermal technologies, which use solar energy to produce heat. The Program focuses on technologies that have the potential to produce economically competitive energy for the buildings sector.

Not Available

1998-04-01

339

This document is the preprint of the following article: Gautreau P. & Garavaglia JC. 2012. The weak-state cadastre: administrative strategies to build  

E-print Network

territory ­ namely, by creating archives holding land survey maps. This study shows that the determining: land register, land survey, state building, territorial knowledge, administration, Buenos Aires survey of the province's properties, but received and archived individual land-surveying maps from every

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

340

A comparison of IBC with 1997 UBC for modal response spectrum analysis in standard-occupancy buildings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a comparison of the seismic forces generated from a Modal Response Spectrum Analysis (MRSA) by applying the provisions of two building codes, the 1997 Uniform Building Code (UBC) and the 2000-2009 International Building Code (IBC), to the most common ordinary residential buildings of standard occupancy. Considering IBC as the state of the art benchmark code, the primary concern is the safety of buildings designed using the UBC as compared to those designed using the IBC. A sample of four buildings with different layouts and heights was used for this comparison. Each of these buildings was assumed to be located at four different geographical sample locations arbitrarily selected to represent various earthquake zones on a seismic map of the USA, and was subjected to code-compliant response spectrum analyses for all sample locations and for five different soil types at each location. Response spectrum analysis was performed using the ETABS software package. For all the cases investigated, the UBC was found to be significantly more conservative than the IBC. The UBC design response spectra have higher spectral accelerations, and as a result, the response spectrum analysis provided a much higher base shear and moment in the structural members as compared to the IBC. The conclusion is that ordinary office and residential buildings designed using UBC 1997 are considered to be overdesigned, and therefore they are quite safe even according to the IBC provisions.

Nahhas, Tariq M.

2011-03-01

341

State-of-the-art computer code RELAP5 validation with RBMK-related separate phenomena data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Validation of the RBMK model, developed by employing best estimate system computer code RELAP5 is performed by employing the data from NPPs operation or from integral and separate effects facilities.Validation of the models on the basis of separate phenomena is necessary to perform due to the fact that RELAP5 code has been developed for PWRs, which operate at different conditions

Rolandas Urbonas; Eugenijus Uspuras; Algirdas Kaliatka

2003-01-01

342

Seismic Safety Of Simple Masonry Buildings  

SciTech Connect

Several masonry buildings comply with the rules for simple buildings provided by seismic codes. For these buildings explicit safety verifications are not compulsory if specific code rules are fulfilled. In fact it is assumed that their fulfilment ensures a suitable seismic behaviour of buildings and thus adequate safety under earthquakes. Italian and European seismic codes differ in the requirements for simple masonry buildings, mostly concerning the building typology, the building geometry and the acceleration at site. Obviously, a wide percentage of buildings assumed simple by codes should satisfy the numerical safety verification, so that no confusion and uncertainty have to be given rise to designers who must use the codes. This paper aims at evaluating the seismic response of some simple unreinforced masonry buildings that comply with the provisions of the new Italian seismic code. Two-story buildings, having different geometry, are analysed and results from nonlinear static analyses performed by varying the acceleration at site are presented and discussed. Indications on the congruence between code rules and results of numerical analyses performed according to the code itself are supplied and, in this context, the obtained result can provide a contribution for improving the seismic code requirements.

Guadagnuolo, Mariateresa; Faella, Giuseppe [Dipartimento di Cultura del Progetto, Seconda Universita di Napoli Abbazia di S. Lorenzo ad Septimum, 81031, Aversa (Italy)

2008-07-08

343

2. Overview of Buildings 2015, 2133 and 2009, with Building ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Overview of Buildings 2015, 2133 and 2009, with Building 1001 (administration building) in background, looking northeast - Naval Air Station Chase Field, Texas State Highway 202, 4.8 miles east of intersection of Texas State Highway 202 & U.S. State Highway 181, Beeville, Bee County, TX

344

Coset Codes Viewed as Terminated Convolutional Codes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this paper, coset codes are considered as terminated convolutional codes. Based on this approach, three new general results are presented. First, it is shown that the iterative squaring construction can equivalently be defined from a convolutional code whose trellis terminates. This convolutional code determines a simple encoder for the coset code considered, and the state and branch labelings of the associated trellis diagram become straightforward. Also, from the generator matrix of the code in its convolutional code form, much information about the trade-off between the state connectivity and complexity at each section, and the parallel structure of the trellis, is directly available. Based on this generator matrix, it is shown that the parallel branches in the trellis diagram of the convolutional code represent the same coset code C(sub 1), of smaller dimension and shorter length. Utilizing this fact, a two-stage optimum trellis decoding method is devised. The first stage decodes C(sub 1), while the second stage decodes the associated convolutional code, using the branch metrics delivered by stage 1. Finally, a bidirectional decoding of each received block starting at both ends is presented. If about the same number of computations is required, this approach remains very attractive from a practical point of view as it roughly doubles the decoding speed. This fact is particularly interesting whenever the second half of the trellis is the mirror image of the first half, since the same decoder can be implemented for both parts.

Fossorier, Marc P. C.; Lin, Shu

1996-01-01

345

ClinicalCodes: An Online Clinical Codes Repository to Improve the Validity and Reproducibility of Research Using Electronic Medical Records  

PubMed Central

Lists of clinical codes are the foundation for research undertaken using electronic medical records (EMRs). If clinical code lists are not available, reviewers are unable to determine the validity of research, full study replication is impossible, researchers are unable to make effective comparisons between studies, and the construction of new code lists is subject to much duplication of effort. Despite this, the publication of clinical codes is rarely if ever a requirement for obtaining grants, validating protocols, or publishing research. In a representative sample of 450 EMR primary research articles indexed on PubMed, we found that only 19 (5.1%) were accompanied by a full set of published clinical codes and 32 (8.6%) stated that code lists were available on request. To help address these problems, we have built an online repository where researchers using EMRs can upload and download lists of clinical codes. The repository will enable clinical researchers to better validate EMR studies, build on previous code lists and compare disease definitions across studies. It will also assist health informaticians in replicating database studies, tracking changes in disease definitions or clinical coding practice through time and sharing clinical code information across platforms and data sources as research objects. PMID:24941260

Springate, David A.; Kontopantelis, Evangelos; Ashcroft, Darren M.; Olier, Ivan; Parisi, Rosa; Chamapiwa, Edmore; Reeves, David

2014-01-01

346

Efficient, transparent, and comprehensive runtime code manipulation  

E-print Network

This thesis addresses the challenges of building a software system for general-purpose runtime code manipulation. Modern applications, with dynamically-loaded modules and dynamically-generated code, are assembled at runtime. ...

Bruening, Derek L. (Derek Lane), 1976-

2004-01-01

347

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-print Network

(Student Accommodation) 5 Harty Room, School of Music 26 Health Sciences Building 3 Human Resources 11 Information Services 34 Institute of Professional Legal Studies (IPLS) 4 International and Postgraduate Accommodation Queen's University Belfast Campus Map The Lanyon Building The Students' Union The David Keir

Müller, Jens-Dominik

348

Cost-Effecitive Energy Efficiency Measure for Above 2003 and 2009 IECC Code-Compliant Residential and Commercial Buildings in the City of Arlington  

E-print Network

................................................................................ 12 3.2.1 Identification ....................................................................................................................... 12 3.2.2 Building... 13.6% 11.5% 0.53 0.39 R-13 - Brick Face R-32 - No - - Comp Shingle - - - Untested - 6 152 10.0% 10.1% 0.34 0.30 R-13 0.082 - R-38 0.026 Yes - - - Uninsulated U=0.365 - - 1,200 6.0 7 122 11.0% 10.6% 0.32 0.29 R-13+0.63 c.i. 0.080 - R-30 0...

Kim, H.; Do, S.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.; Lewis, C.

349

10 CFR 434.520 - Speculative buildings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.520 Speculative...ILPA) for calculating the Energy Cost Budget shall be...

2012-01-01

350

10 CFR 434.520 - Speculative buildings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.520 Speculative...ILPA) for calculating the Energy Cost Budget shall be...

2011-01-01

351

10 CFR 434.520 - Speculative buildings.  

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.520 Speculative...ILPA) for calculating the Energy Cost Budget shall be...

2014-01-01

352

10 CFR 434.520 - Speculative buildings.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.520 Speculative...ILPA) for calculating the Energy Cost Budget shall be...

2013-01-01

353

Survey of Solar Buildings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This survey brings together information concerning the growing number of buildings utilizing solar energy and is designed to facilitate the comparison of specific characteristics of the buildings. The 66 U.S. entries are divided into five regions, arranged by state, and roughly by date within each state. Seven entries are from other countries. A…

Gray, Robert; Baker, Steven

354

Steady-State Gyrokinetics Transport Code (SSGKT), A Scientific Application Partnership with the Framework Application for Core-Edge Transport Simulations, Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This project initiated the development of TGYRO ? a steady-state Gyrokinetic transport code (SSGKT) that integrates micro-scale GYRO turbulence simulations into a framework for practical multi-scale simulation of conventional tokamaks as well as future reactors. Using a lightweight master transport code, multiple independent (each massively parallel) gyrokinetic simulations are coordinated. The capability to evolve profiles using the TGLF model was also added to TGYRO and represents a more typical use-case for TGYRO. The goal of the project was to develop a steady-state Gyrokinetic transport code (SSGKT) that integrates micro-scale gyrokinetic turbulence simulations into a framework for practical multi-scale simulation of a burning plasma core ? the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) in particular. This multi-scale simulation capability will be used to predict the performance (the fusion energy gain, Q) given the H-mode pedestal temperature and density. At present, projections of this type rely on transport models like GLF23, which are based on rather approximate fits to the results of linear and nonlinear simulations. Our goal is to make these performance projections with precise nonlinear gyrokinetic simulations. The method of approach is to use a lightweight master transport code to coordinate multiple independent (each massively parallel) gyrokinetic simulations using the GYRO code. This project targets the practical multi-scale simulation of a reactor core plasma in order to predict the core temperature and density profiles given the H-mode pedestal temperature and density. A master transport code will provide feedback to O(16) independent gyrokinetic simulations (each massively parallel). A successful feedback scheme offers a novel approach to predictive modeling of an important national and international problem. Success in this area of fusion simulations will allow US scientists to direct the research path of ITER over the next two decades. The design of an efficient feedback algorithm is a serious numerical challenge. Although the power source and transport balance coding in the master are standard, it is nontrivial to design a feedback loop that can cope with outputs that are both intermittent and extremely expensive. A prototypical feedback scheme has already been successfully demonstrated for a single global GYRO simulation, although the robustness and efficiency are likely far from optimal. Once the transport feedback scheme is perfected, it could, in principle, be embedded into any of the more elaborate transport codes (ONETWO, TRANSP, and CORSICA), or adopted by other FSP-related multi-scale projects.

Fahey, Mark R. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Candy, Jeff [General Atomics] [General Atomics

2013-11-07

355

10 CFR 434.516 - Building exterior envelope.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...434.516 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.516 Building exterior...

2010-01-01

356

10 CFR 434.516 - Building exterior envelope.  

...434.516 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.516 Building exterior...

2014-01-01

357

10 CFR 434.505 - Reference building method.  

...434.505 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.505 Reference building...

2014-01-01

358

10 CFR 434.505 - Reference building method.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...434.505 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.505 Reference building...

2013-01-01

359

10 CFR 434.505 - Reference building method.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...434.505 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.505 Reference building...

2012-01-01

360

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

2010-01-01

361

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

2012-01-01

362

10 CFR 434.505 - Reference building method.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...434.505 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.505 Reference building...

2011-01-01

363

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

2011-01-01

364

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

2013-01-01

365

10 CFR 434.516 - Building exterior envelope.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...434.516 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.516 Building exterior...

2013-01-01

366

10 CFR 434.516 - Building exterior envelope.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...434.516 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.516 Building exterior...

2011-01-01

367

10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.  

...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

2014-01-01

368

10 CFR 434.505 - Reference building method.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...434.505 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.505 Reference building...

2010-01-01

369

10 CFR 434.516 - Building exterior envelope.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...434.516 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.516 Building exterior...

2012-01-01

370

Commercial Buildings Characteristics, 1992  

SciTech Connect

Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992 presents statistics about the number, type, and size of commercial buildings in the United States as well as their energy-related characteristics. These data are collected in the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), a national survey of buildings in the commercial sector. The 1992 CBECS is the fifth in a series conducted since 1979 by the Energy Information Administration. Approximately 6,600 commercial buildings were surveyed, representing the characteristics and energy consumption of 4.8 million commercial buildings and 67.9 billion square feet of commercial floorspace nationwide. Overall, the amount of commercial floorspace in the United States increased an average of 2.4 percent annually between 1989 and 1992, while the number of commercial buildings increased an average of 2.0 percent annually.

Not Available

1994-04-29

371

Smart buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can building automation systems overcome interoperability problems to assert control over our offices, hotels, and airports? Efforts to make buildings smarter are focusing on cutting costs by streamlining building operations like air conditioning and lighting. Building automation is critical to these efforts, mainly because it could reduce the annual operating costs of buildings. This article outlines the latest building automation

D. Snoonian

2003-01-01

372

Application of FEMA methodology to RC shear wall buildings governed by flexure  

Microsoft Academic Search

New performance evaluation techniques have recently been developed as part of the SAC Joint Venture. FEMA 355F describes a new state-of-the-art method for the performance prediction of steel moment-frame buildings excited by earthquake ground motions. The goal of this study was to apply the performance based evaluation framework to the RC shear wall buildings designed under current codes and standards

Taewan Kim; Douglas A. Foutch

2007-01-01

373

Comparison of ASHRAE Standard- 90.1, 189.1 and IECC Codes for Large Office Buildings in Texas, ICEBO Presentation  

E-print Network

.1 1989 ASHRAE 90.1 1999 ASHRAE 90.1 2007 IECC 2009 ASHRAE 90.1 2010 ASHRAE 189.1 2009 Steel Frame Walls 2A R-6.5 R-13 R-13 R-13 R-13 R-13+R-5 c.i 3A R-6.5 R-13 R-13+R3.8 c.i R-13+R3.8 c.i R-13+R3.8 c.i R-13+R-5 c.i 4B R-16.5 R-13 R-13+R7.5c... ASHRAE 189.1 2009 E n e r g y C o n s u m p t i o n ( M M B t u ) ELECTRICITY GAS TOTAL 16.7% 22.3% 29.4% 29.0% 43.1% 46.9% ESL-TR-11-10-10 Energy Systems Laboratory 2011 24/30 Energy Systems Laboratory @2011 BUILDING ENERGY PERFORMANCE...

Mukhopadhyay, Jaya; Baltazar, Juan Carlos; Kim, Hyojin; Haberl, Jeff; Lewis, Cyndi; Bahman, Yazdani

374

A Better Handoff for Code Officials  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Building Energy Codes Program has partnered with ICC to release the new Building Energy Codes Resource Guide: Code Officials Edition. We created this binder of practical materials for a simple reason: code officials are busy learning and enforcing several codes at once for the diverse buildings across their jurisdictions. This doesn’t leave much time to search www.energycodes.gov, www.iccsafe.org, or the range of other helpful web-based resources for the latest energy codes tools, support, and information. So, we decided to bring the most relevant materials to code officials in a way that works best with their daily routine, and point to where they can find even more. Like a coach’s game plan, the Resource Guide is an "energy playbook" for code officials.

Conover, David R.; Yerkes, Sara

2010-09-24

375

An Assessment of Comprehensive Code Prediction State-of-the-Art Using the HART II International Workshop Data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Despite significant advancements in computational fluid dynamics and their coupling with computational structural dynamics (= CSD, or comprehensive codes) for rotorcraft applications, CSD codes with their engineering level of modeling the rotor blade dynamics, the unsteady sectional aerodynamics and the vortical wake are still the workhorse for the majority of applications. This is especially true when a large number of parameter variations is to be performed and their impact on performance, structural loads, vibration and noise is to be judged in an approximate yet reliable and as accurate as possible manner. In this paper, the capabilities of such codes are evaluated using the HART II Inter- national Workshop data base, focusing on a typical descent operating condition which includes strong blade-vortex interactions. Three cases are of interest: the baseline case and two cases with 3/rev higher harmonic blade root pitch control (HHC) with different control phases employed. One setting is for minimum blade-vortex interaction noise radiation and the other one for minimum vibration generation. The challenge is to correctly predict the wake physics - especially for the cases with HHC - and all the dynamics, aerodynamics, modifications of the wake structure and the aero-acoustics coming with it. It is observed that the comprehensive codes used today have a surprisingly good predictive capability when they appropriately account for all of the physics involved. The minimum requirements to obtain these results are outlined.

vanderWall, Berend G.; Lim, Joon W.; Smith, Marilyn J.; Jung, Sung N.; Bailly, Joelle; Baeder, James D.; Boyd, D. Douglas, Jr.

2012-01-01

376

44. BUILDING NO. 455, ENGINEERING ADMINISTRATION BUILDING, (FORMERLY CLOTH STORAGE, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

44. BUILDING NO. 455, ENGINEERING ADMINISTRATION BUILDING, (FORMERLY CLOTH STORAGE, DYEING, CUTTING & SEWING), LOOKING NORTH AT SOUTHEAST ELEVATION. - Picatinny Arsenal, 400 Area, Gun Bag Loading District, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

377

Arithmetic coding for data compression  

Microsoft Academic Search

The state of the art in data compression is arithmetic coding, not the better-known Huffman method. Arithmetic coding gives greater compression, is faster for adaptive models, and clearly separates the model from the channel encoding.

Ian H. witten; Radford M. Neal; John Gerald Cleary

1987-01-01

378

Building Specifications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The building in the top photo is the new home of the National Permanent Savings Bank in Washington, D.C., designed by Hartman-Cox Architects. Its construction was based on a money-saving method of preparing building specifications which derived from NASA technology developed to obtain quality construction while holding down cost of launch facilities, test centers and other structures. Written technical specifications spell out materials and components to be used on construction projects and identify the quality tests each item must pass. Specifications can have major impact on construction costs. Poorly formulated specifications can lead to unacceptable construction which must be replaced, unnecessarily high materials costs, safety hazards, disputes and often additional costs due to delays and litigation. NASA's Langley Research Center developed a novel approach to providing accurate, uniform, cost-effective specifications which can be readily updated to incorporate new building technologies. Called SPECSINTACT, it is a computerized - system accessible to all NASA centers involved in construction programs. The system contains a comprehensive catalog of master specifications applicable to many types of construction. It enables designers of any structure to call out relevant sections from computer storage and modify them to fit the needs of the project at hand. Architects and engineers can save time by concentrating their efforts on needed modifications rather than developing all specifications from scratch. Successful use of SPECSINTACT has led to a number of spinoff systems. One of the first was MASTERSPEC, developed from NASA's experience by Production Systems for Architects and Engineers, Inc., an organization established by the American Institute of Architects. MASTERSPEC, used in construction of the bank building pictured, follows the same basic format as SPECSINTACT and can be used in either automated or manual modes. The striking appearance of the bank building shows that, while MASTERSPEC saves time and money, its use involves no sacrfice in architectural design freedom. The Naval Engineering Facilities Command employs an automated specifications system based on SPECSINTACT. The Public Buildings Service of the General Services Administration used SPECSINTACT as a starting point in a plan to make its guideline specifications available to architects and engineers on a nationwide computer network. Public Technology, Inc., a NASA Technology Application Team, is working with Production Systems for Architects and Engineers, Inc., to promote widespread use of the system by state and local governments for cost benefits to taxpayers.

1978-01-01

379

This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University  

E-print Network

, L., Shanshan, C., Worthington, K., & Ghajar, A.J. 2012. Measurements of Pipe Insulation Thermal and commercial building applications. The thermal performance of pipe insulation systems is affected by local slab configurations of the insulation materials, but the measured thermal conductivity from flat slabs

380

New York State Standards for BUILDING Leaders Candidates in university-based preparation programs who seek NYS certification as  

E-print Network

identify goals and objectives for achieving the educational vision, seeking and valuing diverse f. Establish accountability systems for achieving educational goals and objectives g. Set a standard and skills necessary to perform the following: a. Develop and implement an educational vision, or build

Suzuki, Masatsugu

381

Barrier Free Design: A Report on the State of the Art.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Design recommendations for the handicapped that were presented by persons directly involved in the writing of the new American National Standards Institute (ANSI) code. These dimensions and recommendations will presumably be required in future federal and state laws and building codes. (Author/MLF)

Brokaw, John C.

1979-01-01

382

New State Standards  

E-print Network

.-State-Funded Buildings ?TAC Rules: ?19.31/?19.32/?19.33/?19.34 ? Chapter 388-TX Health & Safety Code ?Texas Building Energy Performance Stds. ?TAC Rules: ?19.53 ? IECC-IRC 2012 ? SECO Resources ?Q&A 2 CATEE-Dallas 11-09-2011 Texas Design Standards... of that the construction or renovation complies with the standards that are established under this chapter, including engineering documentation. 8 CATEE-Dallas 11-09-2011 TX Bldg. Energy Performance Stds. SB 12/HB 3693-2007 ? Amended Chapter 388: ? Delegated...

Lopez, F. A.

2011-01-01

383

Tools Directory: Building Energy Software  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains descriptions of 283 energy-related software tools for buildings, with an emphasis on using renewable energy and achieving energy efficiency and sustainability in buildings. For each piece of software listed, descriptions of uses, intended audience, advantages, costs, disadvantages, and contact information is provided. Some of the software is available at no charge. Topics for which software is available include: codes and standards, HVAC equipment and systems, energy economics, solar climate analysis, water conservation, lighting, renewable energy, and green buildings.

2007-02-19

384

Overview of Development and Deployment of Codes, Standards and Regulations Affecting Energy Storage System Safety in the United States  

SciTech Connect

This report acquaints stakeholders and interested parties involved in the development and/or deployment of energy storage systems (ESS) with the subject of safety-related codes, standards and regulations (CSRs). It is hoped that users of this document gain a more in depth and uniform understanding of safety-related CSR development and deployment that can foster improved communications among all ESS stakeholders and the collaboration needed to realize more timely acceptance and approval of safe ESS technology through appropriate CSR.

Conover, David R.

2014-08-22

385

10 CFR 503.36 - State or local requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...construction of the new unit using an alternate fuel is infeasible because of a State of local requirement other than a building code, nuisance, or zoning law; (2) The petitioner has made a good faith effort to obtain a variance from the State or local...

2011-01-01

386

Adequate Facilities for All: Reforming New York State's System for Providing Building Aid to School Districts and for Meeting Schools' Urgent Capital Needs. Part II. [Sound Basic Education Task Force Proposal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, court mandates in education adequacy cases have resulted in substantial increases in state-level support for local building needs in a number of states. The Court of Appeals' decision in "CFE v. State of New York" has made clear that extensive facilities deficiencies in New York City constitute a major constitutional violation…

Campaign for Fiscal Equity, Inc., 2004

2004-01-01

387

1. Overview of Independence Street, with Building 1001 (administration building) ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Overview of Independence Street, with Building 1001 (administration building) on right, looking south - Naval Air Station Chase Field, Texas State Highway 202, 4.8 miles east of intersection of Texas State Highway 202 & U.S. State Highway 181, Beeville, Bee County, TX

388

Evolving genetic code  

PubMed Central

In 1985, we reported that a bacterium, Mycoplasma capricolum, used a deviant genetic code, namely UGA, a “universal” stop codon, was read as tryptophan. This finding, together with the deviant nuclear genetic codes in not a few organisms and a number of mitochondria, shows that the genetic code is not universal, and is in a state of evolution. To account for the changes in codon meanings, we proposed the codon capture theory stating that all the code changes are non-disruptive without accompanied changes of amino acid sequences of proteins. Supporting evidence for the theory is presented in this review. A possible evolutionary process from the ancient to the present-day genetic code is also discussed. PMID:18941287

OHAMA, Takeshi; INAGAKI, Yuji; BESSHO, Yoshitaka; OSAWA, Syozo

2008-01-01

389

Jackson Park Hospital Green Building Medical Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jackson Park Hospital completed the construction of a new Medical Office Building on its campus this spring. The new building construction has adopted the City of Chicago's recent focus on protecting the environment, and conserving energy and resources, with the introduction of green building codes. Located in a poor, inner city neighborhood on the South side of Chicago, Jackson Park

William Dorsey; Nelson Vasquez

2010-01-01

390

Buildings Technology Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Buildings Technology Center is a "research facility devoted to the development of technologies that improve the energy efficiency and environmental compatibility of residential and commercial buildings." The state-of-the-art research and development facility houses about 50 staff and 10-20 guest researchers. The website describes the center's facilities, research capabilities, and research programs. Another section describes some of the tools for buildings that the center has developed, such as a heat pump design model, building envelope web-based calculators, and a computer program designed to determine the most cost-effective retrofit measures for single-family homes. Publications on topics such as envelope systems, appliance and equipment efficiency, Desiccant-related research and other research on building design and performance are posted online. An easy-to-browse database of success stories provides specifications, rendered and line drawings, and other facts about the Center's building technologies.

2006-01-12

391

DEPARTMENTAL CODE Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENTAL CODE Department of Psychology Colorado State University Approved May 13, 2009 #12........................................................................... 3 II. Mission of the Department of Psychology

392

Interior building details of Building A, Room 2212: plaster ceiling ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior building details of Building A, Room 2-212: plaster ceiling and two-over-two double-hung wood sash with a infilled panel below, window, Room A-213 painted plaster finished partition walls; easterly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

393

81. BUILDING NO. 561, CANNON POWDER BLENDER, LOOKING NORTHWEST, BUILDING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

81. BUILDING NO. 561, CANNON POWDER BLENDER, LOOKING NORTHWEST, BUILDING NO. 561-A, PROPELLANT PLANT (FIREPROOF SHELTER), IN FOREGROUND, BUILDING NO. 561-D IN EXTREME FOREGROUND. - Picatinny Arsenal, 500 Area, Powder Factory & Power House, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

394

Exterior building details of Building A; north façade: two threelight ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building A; north façade: two three-light wood casement windows flank a three-light fixed wood window with concrete sill; southerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

395

45. BUILDING NO. 462, CHEMISTRY LAB (FORMERLY TRACER LOADING BUILDING), ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

45. BUILDING NO. 462, CHEMISTRY LAB (FORMERLY TRACER LOADING BUILDING), VIEW LOOKING SOUTHEAST AT WEST SIDE. BUILDING NO. 462-B, GENERAL PURPOSE MAGAZINE, AT LEFT. - Picatinny Arsenal, 400 Area, Gun Bag Loading District, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

396

Exterior building details of Building A; west façade: exposed common ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building A; west façade: exposed common bond brick wall, arched brick lintels over a two single-light casement window with brick sills, arched brick lintel over door cornice; easterly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

397

Exterior building details of Building C, east façade: historic six ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building C, east façade: historic six light entry double door with three light transom, historic six light door with a one light transom, arch brick lintels and quoins, scored cement plaster finished brick walls; westerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

398

Exterior building details of Building A; east façade: concrete staircase, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building A; east façade: concrete staircase, profiled cement, plaster door surround, recessed panel inscribed "1859", historic window opening with concrete sill above door, cement plaster dentil course and cornice truncated wood beam ends, plaster finished brick wall, granite base; westerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

399

Exterior building details of Building D, east façade: painted concrete ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building D, east façade: painted concrete east face façade, main entry has flat cement plaster surround, double door six light over panels, two light transom over double door; westerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

400

Exterior building details of Building A; east façade: recessed panel ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building A; east façade: recessed panel inscribed "1859", historic window opening with concrete sill above door, cement plaster dentil course and cornice, truncated wood beam ends, plaster finished brick wall, granite base; westerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

401

Exterior building details of Building B, east façade: ellshaped south ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building B, east façade: ell-shaped south facing concrete staircase with decorative pipe railing, second floor entrance with cement plaster profiled surround, dentil course cornice, truncated embedded wood beams, cream colored plaster-finished exterior façade, closed off window well with protruding vent; northwesterly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

402

Exterior building details of Building A; east façade: profiled cement ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building A; east façade: profiled cement plaster door surround, black mesh gate protects a two-light transom atop non-original metal door; westerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

403

ADVANCES IN ENERGY CODES IN RUSSIA AND KAZAKHSTAN. HARMONIZATION OF CODES WITH EUROPEAN STANDARDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary A ten-year struggle in Russia over a new generation of building energy codes has recently culminated in the passage of a sweeping new federal energy code. This federal code employs the approaches and locks in the energy-performance targets of innovative regional codes adopted since the late 1990s, based on a model code developed by the author of this paper.

Yuri Matrosov Cand; David B. Goldstein

404

Federal and state regulatory requirements for the D&D of the Alpha-4 Building, Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge, Tennessee  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE) has begun the decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) of Building 9201-4 (Alpha-4) at the Oak Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, The Alpha-4 Building was used from 1953--1962 to house a column exchange (Colex) process for lithium isotope separation. This process involved electrochemical and solvent extraction processes that required substantial quantities of mercury. Presently there is no law or regulation mandating decommissioning at DOE facilites or setting de minimis or ``below regulatory concern`` (BRC) radioactivity levels to guide decommissioning activities at DOE facilities. However, DOE Order 5820.2A, Chap. V (Decommissioning of Radioactively Contaminated Facilities), requires that the regulatory status of each project be identified and that technical engineering planning must assure D&D compliance with all environmental regulations during cleanup activities. To assist in the performance of this requirement, this paper gives a brief overview of potential federal and state regulatory requirements related to D&D activities at Alpha-4. Compliance with other federal, state, and local regulations not addressed here may be required, depending on site characterization, actual D&D activities, and wastes generated.

Etnier, E.L.; Houlberg, L.M.; Bock, R.E.

1994-03-04

405

New Buildings Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The New Buildings Institute promotes "energy efficiency in buildings through policy development, research, guidelines and codes." Substantial information about lighting, architecture, and mechanical systems is available on the institute's homepage. The online reports, tools, and suggested practices come from a variety of sources, including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and the institute itself. A large section of the Web site that can easily be overlooked contains many additional resources about the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) program. A brief, free registration is required to access certain online publications, such as the 2003 edition of Advanced Lighting Guidelines.

406

Status of MARS Code  

SciTech Connect

Status and recent developments of the MARS 14 Monte Carlo code system for simulation of hadronic and electromagnetic cascades in shielding, accelerator and detector components in the energy range from a fraction of an electronvolt up to 100 TeV are described. these include physics models both in strong and electromagnetic interaction sectors, variance reduction techniques, residual dose, geometry, tracking, histograming. MAD-MARS Beam Line Build and Graphical-User Interface.

N.V. Mokhov

2003-04-09

407

Strategic Prevention Framework State Incentive Grant Progress Report: Building a Sustainable Substance Abuse Prevention System, State of Hawai'i, 2006-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2006, the Hawai'i State Department of Health (DOH) received the Strategic Prevention Framework State Incentive Grant (SPF-SIG) from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) to establish a comprehensive, coordinated, and sustainable substance abuse prevention infrastructure in Hawai'i. The SPF-SIG Project is funded…

Yuan, S.; Lai, M.C.; Heusel, K.

2011-01-01

408

Building on Progress: How Ready Are States To Implement President Bush's Education Plan? A Status Report by the Education Commission of the States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

President Bush's comprehensive education plan includes major initiatives in areas ranging from accountability to school safety. While breaking new ground in some areas, Bush's plan accelerates the progress states have made in improving quality, performance, and flexibility in public education. This status report reviews the progress of states in…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

409

Model-building codes for membrane proteins.  

SciTech Connect

We have developed a novel approach to modeling the transmembrane spanning helical bundles of integral membrane proteins using only a sparse set of distance constraints, such as those derived from MS3-D, dipolar-EPR and FRET experiments. Algorithms have been written for searching the conformational space of membrane protein folds matching the set of distance constraints, which provides initial structures for local conformational searches. Local conformation search is achieved by optimizing these candidates against a custom penalty function that incorporates both measures derived from statistical analysis of solved membrane protein structures and distance constraints obtained from experiments. This results in refined helical bundles to which the interhelical loops and amino acid side-chains are added. Using a set of only 27 distance constraints extracted from the literature, our methods successfully recover the structure of dark-adapted rhodopsin to within 3.2 {angstrom} of the crystal structure.

Shirley, David Noyes; Hunt, Thomas W.; Brown, W. Michael; Schoeniger, Joseph S. (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); Slepoy, Alexander; Sale, Kenneth L. (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); Young, Malin M. (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); Faulon, Jean-Loup Michel; Gray, Genetha Anne (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA)

2005-01-01

410

Nascap-2k Spacecraft Charging Code Overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nascap-2k is a modern spacecraft charging code, replacing the older codes NASA Charging Analyzer Program for GEosynchronous Orbit (NASCAP\\/GEO), NASA Charging Analyzer Program for Low-Earth Orbit (NASCAP\\/LEO), Potentials Of Large objects in the Auroral Region (POLAR), and Dynamic Plasma Analysis Code (DynaPAC). The code builds on the physical principles, mathematical algorithms, and user experience developed over three decades of spacecraft

Myron J. Mandell; Victoria A. Davis; David L. Cooke; Adrian T. Wheelock; C. J. Roth

2006-01-01

411

Interior building details of Building D, Room DM1 interior space ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior building details of Building D, Room D-M1 interior space with multi pane industrial sash windows; westerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

412

Interior building details of Building D, Room D101 to Room ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior building details of Building D, Room D-101 to Room D-101c partition wall with multi-pane wood sash; westerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

413

Interior building details of Building D, Room D101e partition wall ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior building details of Building D, Room D-101e partition wall with multi-pane wood sash and north wall mural; northerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

414

Interior building details of Building C, Room C203 to Room ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior building details of Building C, Room C-203 to Room C-204: historical partition track with folding doors, east painted wall; easterly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

415

Interior building details of Building C, Room C101: historic painted ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior building details of Building C, Room C-101: historic painted wood staircase, wood handrails, metal brackets and batter board, northeasterly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

416

Interior building details of Building C, Room C101: historic painted ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior building details of Building C, Room C-101: historic painted wood staircase, wood handrails, metal brackets and batter board; westerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

417

Interior building details of Building A, Room A109 Dutch door, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior building details of Building A, Room A109 Dutch door, room A-108 single panel wood door with wood trim northerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

418

Interior building details of Building A, Room A101: painted wood ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior building details of Building A, Room A-101: painted wood staircase, wood handrails with metal brackets, plastered finished brick walls; westerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

419

Interior building details of Building D, Room D101 partition wall ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior building details of Building D, Room D-101 partition wall with multi-pane wood sash, timber wood truss ceiling; northerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

420

Interior building details of Building D, Room D004 northwest cell, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior building details of Building D, Room D-004 northwest cell, painted plaster wall, tiebacks on north painted plaster wall; easterly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

421

9. BUILDING NO. 620B, FRICTION PENDULUM BUILDING. 29FOOT DROP TOWER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. BUILDING NO. 620-B, FRICTION PENDULUM BUILDING. 29-FOOT DROP TOWER SITS BEHIND BLAST SHIELD IN FRONT OF BUILDING. - Picatinny Arsenal, 600 Area, Test Areas District, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

422

Response Spectrum Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Buildings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, a parametric study on reinforced concrete (RC) structural walls and moment resisting frames building representative of structural types using response spectrum method is carried out. Here, the design spectra recommended by Indian Standard Code [1] and two other well known codes (Uniform Building Code, Euro Code 8) have been considered for comparison. The main objective of this study is to investigate the differences caused by the use of different codes in the dynamic analysis of multistoried RC building. Three different floor plans that are symmetric (SB), monosymmetric (MB), and unsymmetric (UB) with torsional irregularity are taken as sample buildings. To evaluate the seismic response of the buildings, elastic analysis was performed by using response spectrum method using the computer program SAP2000. Periods, base shears, lateral displacement and interstory drift, torque located at code defined ground type are comparatively presented. It is observed from the comparative study that the base shear using IS code is higher in all the three buildings, when compared to that of with other codes.

Chandak, N. R.

2012-05-01

423

An integrated life cycle assessment model: Energy and greenhouse gas performance of residential heritage buildings, and the influence of retrofit strategies in the state of Victoria in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heritage buildings are of significant cultural importance to Australia. They are at risk of becoming obsolete under the stringent building energy efficiency regulations being introduced currently. This article develops an integrated framework combining building energy efficiency simulation and appliance characteristic components, with a five stage life cycle assessment framework. The life cycle performance of eight residential heritage buildings in Victoria

Deepak Sivaraman

424

Building America  

SciTech Connect

IBACOS researched the constructability and viability issues of using high performance windows as one component of a larger approach to building houses that achieve the Building America 70% energy savings target.

Brad Oberg

2010-12-31

425

Hawaii-Okinawa Building Evaluations  

SciTech Connect

NREL conducted energy evaluations at the Itoman City Hall building in Itoman, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, and the Hawaii State Capitol building in Honolulu, Hawaii. This report summarizes the findings from the evaluations, including the best practices identified at each site and opportunities for improving energy efficiency and renewable energy. The findings from this evaluation are intended to inform energy efficient building design, energy efficiency technology, and management protocols for buildings in subtropical climates.

Metzger, I.; Salasovich, J.

2013-05-01

426

Jackson Park Hospital Green Building Medical Center  

SciTech Connect

Jackson Park Hospital completed the construction of a new Medical Office Building on its campus this spring. The new building construction has adopted the City of Chicago�s recent focus on protecting the environment, and conserving energy and resources, with the introduction of green building codes. Located in a poor, inner city neighborhood on the South side of Chicago, Jackson Park Hospital has chosen green building strategies to help make the area a better place to live and work.

William Dorsey; Nelson Vasquez

2010-03-01

427

Building Bingo  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this on site "field trip" activity (located on pages 6-9 of PDF), learners get hands-on experience identifying building materials by playing "Building Bingo". To play, teams of learners locate interior and exterior building materials at their site, use the Natural Materials chart to complete the Building Materials Facts label, and cross off the boxes on their Bingo cards. This lesson guide includes suggestions/tips and game hand-outs.

2012-05-09

428

Healthy Buildings?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health problems related to school buildings can be categorized in five major areas: sick-building syndrome; health-threatening building materials; environmental hazards such as radon gas and asbestos; lead poisoning; and poor indoor air quality due to smoke, chemicals, and other pollutants. This paper provides an overview of these areas,…

Grubb, Deborah

429

User instructions for the CIDER Dose Code  

SciTech Connect

This document provides user instructions for the CIDER (Calculation of Individual Doses from Environmental Radionuclides) computer code. The CIDER code computes estimates of annual doses estimated for both reference individuals with a known residence and food consumption history. This document also provides user instructions for four utility codes used to build input data libraries for CIDER. These utility codes are ENVFAC (environmental factors), FOOFAC (food factors), LIFFAC (lifestyle factors), and ORGFAC (organ factors). Finally, this document provides user instructions for the EXPAND utility code. The EXPAND code processes a result file from CIDER and extracts a summary of the dose information for reporting or plotting purposes.

Eslinger, P.W.; Lessor, K.S.; Ouderkirk, S.J.

1994-05-01

430

Quantum error control codes  

E-print Network

, the classical Hamming bound can be stated as tX i=0 n i ¶ (q ¡1)i • qn¡k; (2.9) 16 where t = b(d¡1)=2c. Codes that attain Hamming bound with equality are classifled as perfect codes. Let every codeword be represented by a sphere of radius t. The interpretation..., the classical Hamming bound can be stated as tX i=0 n i ¶ (q ¡1)i • qn¡k; (2.9) 16 where t = b(d¡1)=2c. Codes that attain Hamming bound with equality are classifled as perfect codes. Let every codeword be represented by a sphere of radius t. The interpretation...

Abdelhamid Awad Aly Ahmed, Sala

2008-10-10

431

Steady-state simulations of a 30-tube once-through steam generator with the RELAP5/MOD3 and RELAP5/MOD2 computer codes  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on a steady-state analysis of a 30-tube once-through steam generator that has been performed on the RELAPS/MOD3 and RELAPS/MOD2 computer codes for 100, 75, and 65% loads. Results obtained are compared with experimental data. The RELAP5/MOD3 results for the test facility generally agree reasonably well with the data for the primary-side temperature profiles. The secondary-side temperature profile predicted by RELAP5/MOD3 at 75 and 65% loads agrees fairly well with the data and is better than the RELAP5/MOD2 results. However, the RELAP5/MOD3 calculated secondary-side temperature profile does not compare well with the 100% load data.

Hassan, Y.A.; Salim, P. (Texas A and M Univ., Dept. of Nuclear Engineering, College Station, TX (US))

1991-10-01

432

A comparative study of laws, rules, codes and other influences on nursing homes' disaster preparedness in the Gulf Coast states.  

PubMed

In 2005, Hurricanes Katrina and Rita devastated several Gulf Coast states and caused many deaths. The hurricane- related deaths of 70 nursing home residents--34 believed drowned in St. Rita's Nursing Home in Louisiana and 36 from 12 other nursing homes--highlighted problems associated with poorly developed and executed disaster plans, uninformed evacuation decision-making, and generally inadequate response by providers and first responders (DHHS, 2006; Hyer, Brown, Berman, & Polivka-West, 2006). Such loss of human life perhaps could have been prevented and certainly lessened if, prior to the hurricanes, policies, regulations, and laws had been enacted, executable disaster guidelines been available, vendor contracts been honored, and sufficient planning taken place. This article discusses applicable federal and state laws and regulations that govern disaster preparedness with a particular focus on nursing homes. It highlights gaps in these laws and makes suggestions regarding future disaster planning. PMID:17899530

Brown, Lisa M; Hyer, Kathryn; Polivka-West, LuMarie

2007-01-01

433

2401-W Waste storage building closure plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan describes the performance standards met and closure activities conducted to achieve clean closure of the 2401-W Waste Storage Building (2401-W) (Figure I). In August 1998, after the last waste container was removed from 2401-W, the U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL) notified Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) in writing that the 2401-W would no longer receive waste and would be closed as a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976 treatment, storage, and/or disposal (TSD) unit (98-EAP-475). Pursuant to this notification, closure activities were conducted, as described in this plan, in accordance with Washington Administrative Code (WAC) 173-303-610 and completed on February 9, 1999. Ecology witnessed the closure activities. Consistent with clean closure, no postclosure activities will be necessary. Because 2401-W is a portion of the Central Waste Complex (CWC), these closure activities become the basis for removing this building from the CWC TSD unit boundary. The 2401-W is a pre-engineered steel building with a sealed concrete floor and a 15.2-centimeter concrete curb around the perimeter of the floor. This building operated from April 1988 until August 1998 storing non-liquid containerized mixed waste. All waste storage occurred indoors. No potential existed for 2401-W operations to have impacted soil. A review of operating records and interviews with cognizant operations personnel indicated that no waste spills occurred in this building (Appendix A). After all waste containers were removed, a radiation survey of the 2401-W floor for radiological release of the building was performed December 17, 1998, which identified no radiological contamination (Appendix B).

LUKE, S.M.

1999-07-15

434

Using bioprocess stoichiometry to build a plant-wide mass balance based steady-state WWTP model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Steady-state models are useful for design of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) because they allow reactor sizes and interconnecting flows to be simply determined from explicit equations in terms of unit operation performance criteria. Once the overall WWTP scheme is established and the main system defining parameters of the individual unit operations estimated, dynamic models can be applied to the connected

G. A. Ekama

2009-01-01

435

Family Support: Fostering Leadership and Partnerships to Improve Access. Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series. Number 14  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy brief discusses the critical role of family support and how family support programs can help to improve care for young children. It presents an overview of what family support entails, information about financing family support services, and strategies to enhance family support through the State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems…

Thompson, Lisa; Uyeda, Kimberly; Wright, Janel; Halfon, Neal

2005-01-01

436

Timing Is Everything: Building State Policy on Teacher Credentialing in an Era of Multiple, Competing, and Rapid Education Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Senate Bill (SB) 2042, authored by Senator Marion Bergeson, was passed to establish a new system for providing teacher preparation within the state of California. The credentialing reforms introduced in SB 2042 follow a tradition described by Irving Hendrik and stake their own claims regarding the locus of control over teacher quality, the role of…

Sandy, Mary Vixie

2006-01-01

437

The retrofitting of existing buildings for seismic criteria  

E-print Network

This thesis describes the process for retrofitting a building for seismic criteria. It explains the need for a new, performance-based design code to provide a range of acceptable building behavior. It then outlines the ...

Besing, Christa, 1978-

2004-01-01

438

Preconditioning Outside Air: Cooling Loads from Building Ventilation  

E-print Network

for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality", that has cascaded into building codes over the early to mid 1990's. There has been a twofold to fourfold increase in outside air requirements for many commercial building applications, compared to the 1981 version...

Kosar, D.

1998-01-01

439

Design and Use of Interactive Learning Stations in Construction Education for Building Mechanical, Electrical, and Plumbing Systems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past several years, the building codes that govern the design and installation of mechanical and electrical systems for buildings have become increasingly prescriptive in nature, specifying detailed information related to the design and installation of the systems, while offering no reasoning behind their prescriptive measures. Students now read about the design and installation of these systems in textbooks, and using the building codes, have in-class exercises drafting the systems, which in industry are used for fabrication and installation. Therefore, in conjunction with a new curriculum proposed for the construction management department at California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly), San Luis Obispo an interactive learning station was developed for student use to enhance student learning. This paper focuses on the design and use of interactive learning stations for building mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) systems that allow construction students to perform hands-on fit-up exercises and test their performance.

Korman, Thomas

440

41 CFR 102-80.85 - Are Federally owned and leased buildings exempt from State and local code requirements in fire...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 102-80.85 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 80-SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Accident and Fire...

2010-07-01

441

A non-critical string (Liouville) approach to brain microtubules state vector reduction, memory coding and capacity  

E-print Network

Microtubule (MT) networks, subneural paracrystalline cytosceletal structures, seem to play a fundamental role in the neurons. We cast here the complicated MT dynamics in the form of a 1+1-dimensional non-critical string theory, thus enabling us to provide a consistent quantum treatment of MTs, including enviromental {\\em friction} effects. Quantum space-time effects, as described by non-critical string theory, trigger then an {\\em organized collapse} of the coherent states down to a specific or {\\em conscious state}. The whole process we estimate to take {\\cal O}(1\\,{\\rm sec}). The {\\em microscopic arrow of time}, endemic in non-critical string theory, and apparent here in the self-collapse process, provides a satisfactory and simple resolution to the age-old problem of how the, central to our feelings of awareness, sensation of the progression of time is generated. In addition, the complete integrability of the stringy model for MT we advocate in this work proves sufficient in providing a satisfactory soluti...

Mavromatos, Nikolaos E

1995-01-01

442

10 CFR 434.506 - Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.506 Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget....

2013-01-01

443

10 CFR 434.506 - Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.506 Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget....

2011-01-01

444

10 CFR 434.506 - Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.506 Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget....

2012-01-01

445

10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.  

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

2014-01-01

446

10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

2011-01-01

447

10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

2010-01-01

448

10 CFR 434.506 - Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget.  

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.506 Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget. 506.1...

2014-01-01

449

10 CFR 434.506 - Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.506 Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget....

2010-01-01

450

10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

2013-01-01

451

10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

2012-01-01

452

Assessment of Building Energy-Saving Policies and Programs in China During the 11th Five Year Plan  

SciTech Connect

China's 11th Five-Year Plan (FYP) sets an ambitious target to reduce the energy intensity per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) by 20% from 2005 to 2010 (NDRC, 2006). In the building sector, the primary energy-saving target allocated during the 11 FYP period is 100 Mtce. Savings are expected to be achieved through the strengthening of enforcement of building energy efficiency codes, existing building retrofits and heat supply system reform, followed by energy management of government office buildings and large scale public buildings, adoption of renewable energy sources. To date, China has reported that it achieved the half of the 20% intensity reduction target by the end of 2008, however, little has been made clear on the status and the impact of the building programs. There has also been lack of description on methodology for calculating the savings and baseline definition, and no total savings that have been officially reported to date. This paper intends to provide both quantitative and qualitative assessment of the key policies and programs in building sector that China has instituted in its quest to fulfill the national goal. Overall, this paper concludes that the largest improvement for building energy efficiency were achieved in new buildings; the program to improve the energy management in government and large scale public buildings are in line with the target; however the progress in the area of existing building retrofits, particularly heating supply system reform lags behind the stated goal by a large amount.

Zhou, Nan; Mcneil, Michael; Levine, Mark

2011-03-01

453

Assessment of Building Energy-Saving Policies and Programs in China During the 11th Five Year Plan  

SciTech Connect

China's 11th Five-Year Plan (FYP) sets an ambitious target to reduce the energy intensity per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) by 20% from 2005 to 2010 (NDRC, 2006). In the building sector, the primary energy-saving target allocated during the 11 FYP period is 100 Mtce. Savings are expected to be achieved through the strengthening of enforcement of building energy efficiency codes, existing building retrofits and heat supply system reform, followed by energy management of government office buildings and large scale public buildings, adoption of renewable energy sources. To date, China has reported that it achieved the half of the 20% intensity reduction target by the end of 2008, however, little has been made clear on the status and the impact of the building programs. There has also been lack of description on methodology for calculating the savings and baseline definition, and no total savings that have been officially reported to date. This paper intend to provide both quantitative and qualitative assessment of the key policies and programs in building sector that China has instituted in its quest to fulfill the national goal. Overall, this paper concludes that the largest improvement for building energy efficiency were achieved in new buildings; the program to improve the energy management in government and large scale public buildings are in line with the target; however the progress in the area of existing building retrofit particularly heat supply system reform lags the stated goal by a large amount.

Zhou, Nan; McNeil, Michael; Levine, Mark

2010-06-07

454

This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)  

E-print Network

development of two hourly building energy simulation programs, BLAST and DOE­2. Designed in the days simulation tool, EnergyPlus, building on the capabilities and features of BLAST and DOE-2. This paper focusesThis paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group

455

This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)  

E-print Network

. 1997. EnergyBase: The Merger of BLAST and DOE-2. Proceedings of Building Simulation '97, Vol. 3, pp. 1 and supported two hourly building energy simulation programs, DOE­2 and BLAST. DOE­2 has been supportedThis paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group

456

This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)  

E-print Network

locations, using the Building Loads Analysis and System Thermodynamics (BLAST) pro- gram (Hittle 1979). TwoThis paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group.) This study quantitatively examines the potential energy savings for two prototypical buildings due to both

Ghajar, Afshin J.

457

This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)  

E-print Network

simulation programs ­ BLAST and ESP-r are also presented. INTRODUCTION The evaluation of building energyThis paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group.D. Spitler, S.J. Rees. 2002. An Analytical Verification Test Suite for Multizone Building Fabric and Control

458

This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)  

E-print Network

and disadvantages. Building energy simulations, such as BLAST [BSO, 1989], IBLAST [Taylor, 1990, 1991] and DOE-2This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group Simulation and Its Implementation in EnergyPlus. Proceedings of Building Simulation '99, Vol. 3, pp. 1245

459

Building Together  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Bob the Builder(TM)-themed activity, learners explore what it means to work together as a team. Learners repeat the phrase “Can We Build It?(TM) Yes We Can!” until they can chant it together as a team. Then, learners repeat the chant at each activity station. Learners rotate through the stations where they build with blocks, LEGO® bricks or other small manipulatives, hammer nails and wood, pump with water, and construct a building site by moving sand with toy trucks. This activity is featured on page 9 of the "Bob the Builder(TM) — Project: Build It" unit of study.

The Children's Museum of Indianapolis

2006-01-01

460

Building Houses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Build a house you can fit inside, using cardboard tubes. Variations of this activity include building for a toy (easier) or building a house the right size for a stuffed animal or a garage for a toy car. Also included is an option to build houses inspired by those around the world (harder). This activity focuses on the understanding of sizes and shapes: Can I fit in this if I stand up? if I sit? Do we have enough cardboard tubes to make a triangular roof? This activity is available as a webpage and a downloadable pdf. Students should have the ability to use scissors and tape well.

2010-01-01

461

Total Building Air Management: When Dehumidification Counts  

E-print Network

Industry trends toward stringent indoor air quality codes, spearheaded by ASHRAE 62-89: Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality, present four challenges to the building industry in hot and humid climates: 1. Infusion of large quantities...

Chilton, R. L.; White, C. L.

1996-01-01

462

Development of a Texas Building Registry  

E-print Network

The Texas Building Registry (TBR or Registry) provides data collection, storage, and analysis of above-code residential housing construction in Texas. The original system was developed to support the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP). Since 2005...

Gilman, D. R.; Haberl, J.; Kayati, M.; O'Neal, S.

463

Building Languages  

MedlinePLUS

... Finger Spelling Listening/Auditory Training Manually Coded English Natural Gestures Speech Speech Reading Family Decision Making Family Adjustment Gathering Information Making ... How can I start communicating ...

464

Interframe vector wavelet coding technique  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wavelet coding is often used to divide an image into multi- resolution wavelet coefficients which are quantized and coded. By 'vectorizing' scalar wavelet coding and combining this with vector quantization (VQ), vector wavelet coding (VWC) can be implemented. Using a finite number of states, finite-state vector quantization (FSVQ) takes advantage of the similarity between frames by incorporating memory into the video coding system. Lattice VQ eliminates the potential mismatch that could occur using pre-trained VQ codebooks. It also eliminates the need for codebook storage in the VQ process, thereby creating a more robust coding system. Therefore, by using the VWC coding method in conjunction with the FSVQ system and lattice VQ, the formulation of a high quality very low bit rate coding systems is proposed. A coding system using a simple FSVQ system where the current state is determined by the previous channel symbol only is developed. To achieve a higher degree of compression, a tree-like FSVQ system is implemented. The groupings are done in this tree-like structure from the lower subbands to the higher subbands in order to exploit the nature of subband analysis in terms of the parent-child relationship. Class A and Class B video sequences from the MPEG-IV testing evaluations are used in the evaluation of this coding method.

Wus, John P.; Li, Weiping

1997-01-01

465

Free Energy Code Online Discussion  

E-print Network

Free Energy Code Online Discussion for Building Department Personnel Join us for this FREE 90 Bruce Cheney from Anchors Aweigh Energy, LLC want to hear from YOU on residential HVAC changeout issues of the California Energy Commission. Date: 3 dates currently offered, choose the one that works for you

466

Building Green  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There's a great deal of talk about "building green" in the architecture and design world, but to many, this phrase may not mean a great deal. This website, created by the Building Green company, can help the uninitiated learn more about this subject. First-time visitors should click on the "Green Building Information" area. Here they can get answers to such question as "What is green?" and also learn more about green design strategies and the LEED rating system. Right next to this section is the "Case Studies" area, which features green building projects like elementary schools, commercial facilities, and university buildings. The site is rounded out by a "News" area and a detailed bibliography of websites, print resources, and so on.

467

Sharing code  

PubMed Central

Sharing code is becoming increasingly important in the wake of Open Science. In this review I describe and compare two popular code-sharing utilities, GitHub and Open Science Framework (OSF). GitHub is a mature, industry-standard tool but lacks focus towards researchers. In comparison, OSF offers a one-stop solution for researchers but a lot of functionality is still under development. I conclude by listing alternative lesser-known tools for code and materials sharing. PMID:25165519

Kubilius, Jonas

2014-01-01

468

An algebraic approach to network coding  

Microsoft Academic Search

We take a new look at the issue of network capacity. It is shown that network coding is an essential ingredient in achieving the capacity of a network. Building on recent work by Li et al., who examined the network capacity of multicast networks, we extend the network coding framework to arbitrary networks and robust networking. For networks which are

Ralf Koetter; Muriel Médard

2003-01-01

469

On LDPC codes over channels with memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of detection and decoding of low- density parity-check (LDPC) codes transmitted over channels with memory is addressed. A new general method to build a factor graph which takes into account both the code constraints and the channel behavior is proposed and the a posteriori probabilities of the information symbols, necessary to implement maximum a posteriori (MAP) symbol detection,

Giulio Colavolpe

2006-01-01

470

Permutation-invariant quantum codes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A quantum code is a subspace of a Hilbert space of a physical system chosen to be correctable against a given class of errors, where information can be encoded. Ideally, the quantum code lies within the ground space of the physical system. When the physical model is the Heisenberg ferromagnet in the absence of an external magnetic field, the corresponding ground space contains all permutation-invariant states. We use techniques from combinatorics and operator theory to construct families of permutation-invariant quantum codes. These codes have length proportional to t2; one family of codes perfectly corrects arbitrary weight t errors, while the other family of codes approximately correct t spontaneous decay errors. The analysis of our codes' performance with respect to spontaneous decay errors utilizes elementary matrix analysis, where we revisit and extend the quantum error correction criterion of Knill and Laflamme, and Leung, Chuang, Nielsen and Yamamoto.

Ouyang, Yingkai

2014-12-01

471

Building pressurization control with rooftop air conditioners  

SciTech Connect

The modulated exhaust fan appears to be the most cost effective positive means to maintain close building pressure control with rooftop air conditioning, but because building construction and applications vary, every building's pressure control needs must be analyzed. Requirements will vary from no relief to barometric dampers to return fans to modulated exhaust fans. As heating and cooling costs continue to rise and tighter building codes prevail, proper selection of building pressure control is one area that must be monitored more carefully by the HVAC system designer.

Winter, S.

1982-10-01

472

Exterior building details of Building A; west façade: white painted ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building A; west façade: white painted brick wall of road and second level, road level: paired four-light casement window and a small single-light wood casement window; second level: four-over-four wood double-hung window and a six-light horizontal pivot over a three-light fixed window; easterly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

473

Exterior building details of Building B, east façade: embedded wood ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building B, east façade: embedded wood beams and interrupted dentil course cornice resulting from the removal of the third floor tuberculosis ward, yard level paneled Dutch door, second level two a typical six-light wood casement windows over a single-panel wood door with four light exits to fire escape; westerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

474

VIEW OF BUILDING 440 LOOKING WEST, NORTHWEST. BUILDING 440, THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF BUILDING 440 LOOKING WEST, NORTHWEST. BUILDING 440, THE TRANSPORT MODIFICATION CENTER, CONSISTS OF FOUR HIGH-BAY CORRUGATED METAL STRUCTURES. BUILDING 440 WAS USED FOR PACKAGING AND STAGING SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIALS AND DEPLETED URANIUM FOR SHIPMENT AND TO MODIFY VEHICLES TO MEET SPECIFIC UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REQUIREMENTS. (2/8/84) - Rocky Flats Plant, Transport Modification Center, North of Cactus Avenue, approximately 400 feet east of Third Street, Golden, Jefferson County, CO

475

The development of CACTUS : a wind and marine turbine performance simulation code.  

SciTech Connect

CACTUS (Code for Axial and Cross-flow TUrbine Simulation) is a turbine performance simulation code, based on a free wake vortex method, under development at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) as part of a Department of Energy program to study marine hydrokinetic (MHK) devices. The current effort builds upon work previously done at SNL in the area of vertical axis wind turbine simulation, and aims to add models to handle generic device geometry and physical models specific to the marine environment. An overview of the current state of the project and validation effort is provided.

Barone, Matthew Franklin; Murray, Jonathan

2010-12-01

476

Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code  

EPA Science Inventory

The Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code (EFDC)is a state-of-the-art hydrodynamic model that can be used to simulate aquatic systems in one, two, and three dimensions. It has evolved over the past two decades to become one of the most widely used and technically defensible hydrodyn...

477

Continuation of research into language concepts for the mission support environment: Source code  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research into language concepts for the Mission Control Center is presented. A computer code for source codes is presented. The file contains the routines which allow source code files to be created and compiled. The build process assumes that all elements and the COMP exist in the current directory. The build process places as much code generation as possible on the preprocessor as possible. A summary is given of the source files as used and/or manipulated by the build routine.

Barton, Timothy J.; Ratner, Jeremiah M.

1991-01-01

478

LUMPED Unsteady: a Visual Basic ® code of unsteady-state lumped-parameter models for mean residence time analyses of groundwater systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A Microsoft ® Visual Basic 6.0 (Microsoft Corporation, 1987-1998) code of 9 lumped-parameter models of unsteady flow is presented for the analysis of mean residence time in aquifers. Groundwater flow systems obeying plug and well-mixed flow models and their combinations in parallel or serial connection can be simulated by the code. Models can use tritium, tritiugenic He-3, oxygen-18, deuterium, krypton-85, chlorofluorocarbons (CFC-11, CFC-12 and CFC-113) and sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6) as the environmental tracers. The executable code runs under all 32-bit Windows operating systems. Details of the code are explained and its limitations are indicated.

Ozyurt, N. Nur; Bayari, C. Serdar

2005-04-01

479

Building Blueprints: Looking Toward the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights Kent State University's (Ohio) conversion of its physical education building to a technology building that features fiber optics and advanced cabling systems. Photos and a floor plan are included. (GR)

College Planning & Management, 2001

2001-01-01

480

Building Big  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Building Big is a very informative site about the engineering principles required to build large structures, including bridges, domes, skyscrapers, dams, and tunnels. The interactive labs presented on the site discuss the various factors (e.g. forces, materials, loads, shapes) that need to be considered when designing large buildings. Fun challenges test these concepts for each of the five structures by putting students in charge of various construction projects. The student needs to weigh the pros and cons of particular designs and choose which is best for a given scenario. There are also many interviews with different structural engineers that will help students understand what working in this field is like.

2000-01-01

481

State of New Jersey STATE ETHICS COMMISSION  

E-print Network

State of New Jersey STATE ETHICS COMMISSION CHRIS CHRISTIE PO Box 082 ANDREW S. BERNS, Esq code. An agency code must be approved by the Commission. #12;New Jersey Uniform Ethics Code, February ..............................................................................................................20 #12;New Jersey Uniform Ethics Code, February 2011 3 I. DEFINITIONS As used in this Uniform Ethics

482

Building a Better World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professor William Felice is dismayed by his students' lack of faith in the future. In his new book, The Global New Deal, he sets out to convince them that it is possible to build a new and better world order. In pursuing this task, he finds inspiration in Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal that helped the United States to escape

David Finegold; Edward E. Lawler III; Jay Conger

1999-01-01

483

Building Migratory Bridges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Building Migratory Bridges (BOMB) program--a collaboration between the Marvel wood School and Audubon Sharon in Connecticut and Conservation Research Education Action (CR EA), a U.S. not-for-profit in Panama--uses nontropical migratory bird research in the United States and Panama to demonstrate how negative environmental impacts in one…

Roy, Michael; Doss, Laurie K.

2007-01-01

484

Our Buildings, Ourselves.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews in detail environmental impacts associated with buildings. Discusses building construction, internal environments, building life spans, building materials, protection from climate, and amenities. (LZ)

Roodman, David Malin; Lenssen, Nicholas

1994-01-01

485

Analysis of low density codes and improved designs using irregular graphs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In (6), Gallager introduces a family of codes based on sparse bipartite graphs, which he calls low-density parity-check codes. He suggests a natural decoding algorithm for these codes, and proves a good bound on the fraction of errors that can be corrected. As the codes that Gallager builds are derived from regular graphs, we refer to them as regular codes.

Michael Mitzenmacher; A. Shokrollah; Daniel A. Spielman

1998-01-01

486

Quantitative comparison of passive solar simulation codes  

SciTech Connect

Several members of the Systems Simulation and Economic Analysis (SS/EA) Working Group have participated in a software-software comparison of passive solar simulation codes. The problems selected and defined by the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL) for analysis include both a vented and an unvented Trombe wall and a direct gain building. The individuals, organizations, and associated computer models involved in this exercise are Byron Wynn, Colorado State University (CSU) (FREHEAT); Larry Palmiter, National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT) (SUNCAT); Bill Beckman, the University of Wisconsin (WIS) (TRNSYS); Bill Wray, LASL (PASOLE, SUNSPOT); and John Moore, LASL (DOE-2). Each of these organizations submitted simulation results to LASL, where a comparative analysis was conducted. Excellent agreement was achieved on annual auxiliary heat loads, but several detailed heat fluxes within the structures showed significant scatter, as did both the ventilation and auxiliary cooling.

Wray, W.O.

1980-01-01

487

Progress in Advanced Spray Combustion Code Integration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A multiyear project to assemble a robust, muitiphase spray combustion code is now underway and gradually building up to full speed. The overall effort involves several university and government research teams as well as Rocketdyne. The first part of this paper will give an overview of the respective roles of the different participants involved, the master strategy, the evolutionary milestones, and an assessment of the state-of-the-art of various key components. The second half of this paper will highlight the progress made to date in extending the baseline Navier-Stokes solver to handle multiphase, multispecies, chemically reactive sub- to supersonic flows. The major hurdles to overcome in order to achieve significant speed ups are delineated and the approaches to overcoming them will be discussed.

Liang, Pak-Yan

1993-01-01

488

5. BUILDING NO. 404, THERMO CHEMISTRY LABORATORY, LOOKING NORTHWEST AT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. BUILDING NO. 404, THERMO CHEMISTRY LABORATORY, LOOKING NORTHWEST AT SOUTH SIDE OF BUILDING. BUILDING NO. 403 IN BACKGROUND RIGHT. - Picatinny Arsenal, 400 Area, Gun Bag Loading District, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

489

37. BUILDING NO. 519, ETHER AND ALCOHOL RECOVERY HOUSE, NORTHWEST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

37. BUILDING NO. 519, ETHER AND ALCOHOL RECOVERY HOUSE, NORTHWEST CORNER OF BUILDING. BUILDING NO. 521 (ETHER VAULT) IN BACKGROUND LEFT. - Picatinny Arsenal, 500 Area, Powder Factory & Power House, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

490

Code constructions and code families for nonbinary quantum stabilizer code  

E-print Network

. . . . . . . . . . . . 6 II CONNECTION BETWEEN CLASSICAL SELF-ORTHOGONAL CODES AND QUANTUM STABILIZER CODES : : : : : : : : 9 A. Error Basis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 B. From Quantum Stabilizer Codes to Classical Codes . . . . 12 1. Connecting... codes) [4, 9, 11]. BCH codes form an extremely important class of error correcting codes. Lemma 16. Let ! be a primitive nth root of unity over Fq and let g(X) be a monic polynomial over Fq of smallest degree that has the 1 numbers !b;!b+1;:::;!b+ 2...

Ketkar, Avanti Ulhas

2005-11-01

491

The Building as the Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers educate. Architects design. Students learn. Each serves a specific, unique purpose. But what happens when the three collaborate to achieve a greater good? In the state of Washington, a school building that is, in itself, a learning tool for students, teachers and the community happened. A school building that inspires students and…

Mason, Craig

2009-01-01

492

High Performance Buildings Database  

DOE Data Explorer

The High Performance Buildings Database is a shared resource for the building industry, a unique central repository of in-depth information and data on high-performance, green building projects across the United States and abroad. The database includes information on the energy use, environmental performance, design process, finances, and other aspects of each project. Members of the design and construction teams are listed, as are sources for additional information. In total, up to twelve screens of detailed information are provided for each project profile. Projects range in size from small single-family homes or tenant fit-outs within buildings to large commercial and institutional buildings and even entire campuses. The database is a data repository as well. A series of Web-based data-entry templates allows anyone to enter information about a building project into the database. Once a project has been submitted, each of the partner organizations can review the entry and choose whether or not to publish that particular project on its own Web site.

493

Nature's Code  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose that the mathematical structures related to the `universal rewrite system' define a universal process applicable to Nature, which we may describe as `Nature's code'. We draw attention here to such concepts as 4 basic units, 64- and 20-unit structures, symmetry-breaking and 5-fold symmetry, chirality, double 3-dimensionality, the double helix, the Van der Waals force and the harmonic oscillator mechanism, and our explanation of how they necessarily lead to self-aggregation, complexity and emergence in higher-order systems. Biological concepts, such as translation, transcription, replication, the genetic code and the grouping of amino acids appear to be driven by fundamental processes of this kind, and it would seem that the Platonic solids, pentagonal symmetry and Fibonacci numbers have significant roles in organizing `Nature's code'.

Hill, Vanessa J.; Rowlands, Peter

2008-10-01

494

ATLAS software configuration and build tool optimisation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ATLAS software code base is over 6 million lines organised in about 2000 packages. It makes use of some 100 external software packages, is developed by more than 400 developers and used by more than 2500 physicists from over 200 universities and laboratories in 6 continents. To meet the challenge of configuration and building of this software, the Configuration Management Tool (CMT) is used. CMT expects each package to describe its build targets, build and environment setup parameters, dependencies on other packages in a text file called requirements, and each project (group of packages) to describe its policies and dependencies on other projects in a text project file. Based on the effective set of configuration parameters read from the requirements files of dependent packages and project files, CMT commands build the packages, generate the environment for their use, or query the packages. The main focus was on build time performance that was optimised within several approaches: reduction of the number of reads of requirements files that are now read once per package by a CMT build command that generates cached requirements files for subsequent CMT build commands; introduction of more fine-grained build parallelism at package task level, i.e., dependent applications and libraries are compiled in parallel; code optimisation of CMT commands used for build; introduction of package level build parallelism, i. e., parallelise the build of independent packages. By default, CMT launches NUMBER-OF-PROCESSORS build commands in parallel. The other focus was on CMT commands optimisation in general that made them approximately 2 times faster. CMT can generate a cached requirements file for the environment setup command, which is especially useful for deployment on distributed file systems like AFS or CERN VMFS. The use of parallelism, caching and code optimisation significantly-by several times-reduced software build time, environment setup time, increased the efficiency of multi-core computing resources utilisation, and considerably improved software developer and user experience.

Rybkin, Grigory; Atlas Collaboration

2014-06-01

495

Marine Science Building Dedicated  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Officials cut the ribbon during dedication ceremonies of the George A. Knauer Marine Science Building on Oct. 17 at NASA Stennis Space Center (SSC). The $2.75 million facility, the first building at the test site funded by the state of Mississippi, houses six science labs, classrooms and office space for 40 faculty and staff. Pictured are, from left, Rear Adm. Thomas Donaldson, commander of the Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command; SSC Assistant Director David Throckmorton; Dr. George A. Knauer, founder of the Center of Marine Science at the University of Southern Mississippi (USM); Lt. Gov. Amy Tuck; and USM President Dr. Shelby Thames.

2003-01-01

496

Creating Energy-Efficient Buildings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper was presented during the time the author was president of the Council of Educational Facility Planners, International, (CEFP/I). The presentation begins with a summary of the state of the world's natural gas and petroleum supplies and states that since one-third of all energy consumed in the United States is to heat and cool buildings

Burr, Donald F.

497

39. GENERAL VIEW LOOKING NORTH, SHOWING BUILDING NO. 318, METALLURGY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

39. GENERAL VIEW LOOKING NORTH, SHOWING BUILDING NO. 318, METALLURGY LAB, ON RIGHT, BUILDING NO. 319, GENERAL PURPOSE ADMINISTRATION BUILDING, ON LEFT AND BUILDING NO. 355, ADMINISTRATION BUILDING, RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT, IN BACKGROUND LEFT. - Picatinny Arsenal, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

498

Code Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Should a crisis hit the University of Montana, students sitting in classrooms will get immediate emergency information, even if their mobile phones are turned off and they aren't online. Classrooms, dorms, and other buildings are now outfitted with LED message boards--a sort of wall-mounted electronic pager--that use widely understood colors of…

Lapin, Lisa

2009-01-01

499

QR Codes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents an m-learning method that incorporates Integrated Quick Response (QR) codes. This learning method not only achieves the objectives of outdoor education, but it also increases applications of Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning (CTML) (Mayer, 2001) in m-learning for practical use in a diverse range of outdoor locations. When…

Lai, Hsin-Chih; Chang, Chun-Yen; Li, Wen-Shiane; Fan, Yu-Lin; Wu, Ying-Tien

2013-01-01

500

Metrics for building performance assurance  

SciTech Connect

This report documents part of the work performed in phase I of a Laboratory Directors Research and Development (LDRD) funded project entitled Building Performance Assurances (BPA). The focus of the BPA effort is to transform the way buildings are built and operated in order to improve building performance by facilitating or providing tools, infrastructure, and information. The efforts described herein focus on the development of metrics with which to evaluate building performance and for which information and optimization tools need to be developed. The classes of building performance metrics reviewed are (1) Building Services (2) First Costs, (3) Operating Costs, (4) Maintenance Costs, and (5) Energy and Environmental Factors. The first category defines the direct benefits associated with buildings; the next three are different kinds of costs associated with providing those benefits; the last category includes concerns that are broader than direct costs and benefits to the building owner and building occupants. The level of detail of the various issues reflect the current state of knowledge in those scientific areas and the ability of the to determine that state of knowledge, rather than directly reflecting the importance of these issues; it intentionally does not specifically focus on energy issues. The report describes work in progress and is intended as a resource and can be used to indicate the areas needing more investigation. Other reports on BPA activities are also available.

Koles, G.; Hitchcock, R.; Sherman, M.

1996-07-01