Sample records for state building codes

  1. State building energy codes status

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-09-01

    This document contains the State Building Energy Codes Status prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC06-76RL01830 and dated September 1996. The U.S. Department of Energy`s Office of Codes and Standards has developed this document to provide an information resource for individuals interested in energy efficiency of buildings and the relevant building energy codes in each state and U.S. territory. This is considered to be an evolving document and will be updated twice a year. In addition, special state updates will be issued as warranted.

  2. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in the United States

    SciTech Connect

    Halverson, Mark A.; Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd

    2009-04-30

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in U.S., including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial and residential buildings in the U.S.

  3. Building Codes and Standards

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Cohan, David

    This brief document from David Cohan includes some information on building codes and standards. The purpose of building codes and standards is defined, and how they relate to energy and sustainability topics is also explored. This document would be useful for instructors looking for some notes on how to incorporate building codes and standards into their class work, or for students looking to learn more about the topic. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

  4. Building and Facility Codes Code Building Location Bldg # Coordinates

    E-print Network

    Russell, Lynn

    Building and Facility Codes Code Building Location Bldg # Coordinates APM Applied Physics & Mathematics Building Muir 249 F7 ASANT Asante Hall Eleanor Roosevelt 446 F5 BIO Biology Building Muir 259 F7 BIRCH Birch Aquarium SIO 2300 S-D7 BONN Bonner Hall Revelle 131 G8 BSB Biomedical Sciences Building

  5. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Australia

    SciTech Connect

    Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd; Somasundaram, Sriram

    2009-04-02

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Australia, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial and residential buildings in Australia.

  6. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in China

    SciTech Connect

    Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd; Lin, H.; Jiang, Wei; Liu, Bing; Song, Bo; Somasundaram, Sriram

    2009-04-15

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in China, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope and HVAC) for commercial and residential buildings in China.

  7. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Canada

    SciTech Connect

    Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd

    2009-04-06

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America . This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Canada, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial and residential buildings in Canada.

  8. BUILDING CODE REQUIREMENTS FOR BRICK VENEER IN SEISMIC AREAS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Gregg BORCHELT

    This paper describes anchored brick veneer as used in the United States of America and provides an explanation of the model building codes in use there. The prescriptive requirements as found in the model building codes used in the USA are included. The seismic design provisions for anchored brick veneer in model building codes, including those in the residential code,

  9. Seminar on building codes and standards

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    A seminar was conducted for state building code officials and state energy officials to discuss the following: status of the states regulatory activities for energy conservation standards for buildings; the development, administration, and enforcement processes for energy conservation standards affecting new construction; lighting and thermal standards for existing buildings; status of the development and implementation of the Title III Program, Building Energy Performance Standards (BEPS); and current status of the State Energy Conservation Program. The welcoming address was given by John Wenning and the keynote address was delivered by John Millhone. Four papers presented were: Building Energy Performance Standards Development, James Binkley; Lighting Standards in Existing Buildings, Dorothy Cronheim; Implementation of BEPS, Archie Twitchell; Sanctions for Building Energy Performance Standards, Sue Sicherman.

  10. 75 FR 20833 - Building Energy Codes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-21

    ...Docket No. EERE-2010-BT-BC-0012] Building Energy Codes AGENCY: Office of Energy...assess compliance with the current model building energy codes or their equivalent. DOE...and compliance with the latest model building energy codes, Standard...

  11. Increasing energy efficiency through improved enforcement of building energy codes

    SciTech Connect

    Shankle, D.L.; Lesperance, A.M.; Fowler, R.A.

    1992-04-01

    The US Government has developed a series of performance standards to improve the energy efficiency of buildings in the United States. Building code officials are central to the implementation and enforcement of the building energy standards. This paper gives survey results that show that building code officials need additional staff, training, and tools to do their work more effectively.

  12. Active Fault Near-Source Zones Within and Bordering the State of California for the 1997 Uniform Building Code

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Petersen, M.D.; Toppozada, T.R.; Cao, T.; Cramer, C.H.; Reichle, M.S.; Bryant, W.A.

    2000-01-01

    The fault sources in the Project 97 probabilistic seismic hazard maps for the state of California were used to construct maps for defining near-source seismic coefficients, Na and Nv, incorporated in the 1997 Uniform Building Code (ICBO 1997). The near-source factors are based on the distance from a known active fault that is classified as either Type A or Type B. To determine the near-source factor, four pieces of geologic information are required: (1) recognizing a fault and determining whether or not the fault has been active during the Holocene, (2) identifying the location of the fault at or beneath the ground surface, (3) estimating the slip rate of the fault, and (4) estimating the maximum earthquake magnitude for each fault segment. This paper describes the information used to produce the fault classifications and distances.

  13. Building codes as barriers to solar heating and cooling of buildings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Meeker

    1978-01-01

    This paper discusses the application of building codes to solar energy systems for heating and cooling of buildings, using the Basic, the Uniform, and the Standard building codes as representative of those most widely adopted by states and localities. Some potential barriers to solar energy systems are found; federal and state programs to deal with these barriers are discussed and

  14. Understanding Building Energy Codes and Standards

    SciTech Connect

    Bartlett, Rosemarie; Halverson, Mark A.; Shankle, Diana L.

    2003-03-01

    Energy codes and standards play a vital role by setting minimum requirements for energy-efficient design and construction. They outline uniform requirements for new buildings as well as additions and renovations. The Difference Between Energy Codes, Energy Standards and the Model Energy Code Energy codes--specify how buildings must be constructed or perform, and are written in mandatory, enforceable language. States or local governments adopt and enforce energy codes for their jurisdictions. Energy standards--describe how buildings should be constructed to save energy cost-effectively. They are published by national organizations such as the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). They are not mandatory, but serve as national recommendations, with some variation for regional climate. States and local governments frequently use energy standards as the technical basis for developing their energy codes. Some energy standards are written in mandatory, enforceable language, making it easy for jurisdictions to incorporate the provisions of the energy standards directly into their laws or regulations.

  15. 1994 Building energy codes and standards workshops: Summary and documentation

    SciTech Connect

    Sandahl, L.J.; Shankle, D.L.

    1994-09-01

    During the spring of 1994, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Codes and Standards, conducted five two-day Regional Building Energy Codes and Standards workshops across the United States. Workshops were held in Chicago, Philadelphia, Atlanta, Dallas, and Denver. The workshops were designed to benefit state-level officials including staff of building code commissions, energy offices, public utility commissions, and others involved with adopting/updating, implementing, and enforcing state building codes in their states. The workshops provided an opportunity for state and other officials to learn more about the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) requirements for residential and commercial building energy codes, the Climate Change Action Plan, the role of the U.S. Department of Energy and the Building Energy Standards Program at Pacific Northwest Laboratory, the commercial and residential codes and standards, the Home Energy Rating Systems (HERS), Energy Efficient Mortgages (EEM), training issues, and other topics related to the development, adoption, implementation, and enforcement of building energy codes. In addition to receiving information on the above topics, workshop participants were also encouraged to inform DOE of their needs, particularly with regard to implementing building energy codes, enhancing current implementation efforts, and building on training efforts already in place. This paper documents the workshop findings and workshop planning and follow-up processes.

  16. Office of Codes and Standards resource book. Section 1, Building energy codes and standards

    SciTech Connect

    Hattrup, M.P.

    1995-01-01

    The US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Office of Codes and Standards has developed this Resource Book to provide: A discussion of DOE involvement in building codes and standards; a current and accurate set of descriptions of residential, commercial, and Federal building codes and standards; information on State contacts, State code status, State building construction unit volume, and State needs; and a list of stakeholders in the building energy codes and standards arena. The Resource Book is considered an evolving document and will be updated occasionally. Users are requested to submit additional data (e.g., more current, widely accepted, and/or documented data) and suggested changes to the address listed below. Please provide sources for all data provided.

  17. The importance of the direction and progress of the building and fire codes and their impact on the photovoltaic industry in the three regional areas of the United States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fluer, Larry

    1988-07-01

    The codes that govern leading edge industries are in a state of change. Hazardous materials utilized by these industries have been the focus of concern for safety personnel of the industry and the general public. This concern has resulted in revisions to the codes affecting the users of hazardous materials whereby buildings once viewed as being acceptable are now viewed as being out of conformity to the codes, presenting both the building owner and the jurisdiction with a dilemma in that the building may no longer be legally operated or occupied. By using and understanding the codes developed for a sister industry, the semiconductor industry, the photovoltaic industry and the public will benefit.

  18. Topic Brief 4: Above-Code Buildings

    SciTech Connect

    Connell, Linda M.

    2009-10-07

    The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) requires a plan for achieving compliance with building energy codes in at least 90% of the new and renovated residential and commercial building space. The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) is developing procedures and tools for measuring compliance as required in this legislation. This is the fourth topic brief, to be posted on the BECP website, responding to feedback received on these procedures.

  19. Impacts of lateral code changes associated with the 2006 International Building Code and the 2008 California Building Code

    E-print Network

    Ratley, Desirée Page

    2007-01-01

    The 2008 California Building Code (CBC) will adopt the structural section of the 2006 International Building Code (IBC), which includes alterations to the procedure to determine earthquake design loading, and a drastic ...

  20. 76 FR 64931 - Building Energy Codes Cost Analysis

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-19

    ...Docket No. EERE-2011-BT-BC-0046] Building Energy Codes Cost Analysis AGENCY: Office...comments on the request for information on Building Energy Codes Cost Analysis published...identify the request for information on Building Energy Code Cost Analysis and...

  1. Evaluating the benefits of commercial building energy codes and improving federal incentives for code adoption.

    PubMed

    Gilbraith, Nathaniel; Azevedo, Inês L; Jaramillo, Paulina

    2014-12-16

    The federal government has the goal of decreasing commercial building energy consumption and pollutant emissions by incentivizing the adoption of commercial building energy codes. Quantitative estimates of code benefits at the state level that can inform the size and allocation of these incentives are not available. We estimate the state-level climate, environmental, and health benefits (i.e., social benefits) and reductions in energy bills (private benefits) of a more stringent code (ASHRAE 90.1-2010) relative to a baseline code (ASHRAE 90.1-2007). We find that reductions in site energy use intensity range from 93 MJ/m(2) of new construction per year (California) to 270 MJ/m(2) of new construction per year (North Dakota). Total annual benefits from more stringent codes total $506 million for all states, where $372 million are from reductions in energy bills, and $134 million are from social benefits. These total benefits range from $0.6 million in Wyoming to $49 million in Texas. Private benefits range from $0.38 per square meter in Washington State to $1.06 per square meter in New Hampshire. Social benefits range from $0.2 per square meter annually in California to $2.5 per square meter in Ohio. Reductions in human/environmental damages and future climate damages account for nearly equal shares of social benefits. PMID:25383692

  2. CodeBricks: code fragments as building blocks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giuseppe Attardi; Antonio Cisternino; Andrew Kennedy

    2003-01-01

    We present a framework for code generation that allows programs to manipulate and generate code at the source level while the joining and splicing of executable code is carried out automatically at the intermediate code\\/VM level. The framework introduces a data type Code to represent code fragments: methods\\/operators from this class are used to reify a method from a class,

  3. Photovoltaic and solar-thermal technologies in residential building codes, tackling building code requirements to overcome the impediments to applying new technologies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Wortman; L. Echo-Hawk; J. Wiechman; S. Hayter; D. Gwinner

    1999-01-01

    This report describes the building code requirements and impediments to applying photovoltaic (PV) and solar-thermal technologies in residential buildings (one- or two-family dwellings). It reviews six modern model building codes that represent the codes to be adopted by most locations in the coming years: International Residential Code, First Draft (IRC), International Energy Conservation Code (IECC), International Mechanical Code (IMC), International

  4. Potential Job Creation in Minnesota as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes

    SciTech Connect

    Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

    2013-09-01

    Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

  5. Potential Job Creation in Nevada as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes

    SciTech Connect

    Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

    2013-09-01

    Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

  6. Potential Job Creation in Rhode Island as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes

    SciTech Connect

    Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

    2013-09-01

    Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

  7. Potential Job Creation in Tennessee as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes

    SciTech Connect

    Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

    2013-09-01

    Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

  8. Statewide Savings Projections from the Adoption of Commercial Building Energy Codes in Illinois

    SciTech Connect

    Cort, Katherine A.; Belzer, David B.

    2002-09-30

    ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-1999 Energy Standard for Buildings except Low-Rise Residential Buildings was developed in an effort to set minimum requirements for the energy efficient design and construction of new commercial buildings. A number of jurisdictions in the state of Illinois are considering adopting ASHRAE 90.1-1999 as their commercial building energy code. This report builds on the results of a previous study, "Analysis of Potential Benefits and Costs of Adopting ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999 as a Commercial Building Energy Code in Illinois Jurisdictions," to estimate the total potential impact of adopting ASHRAE 90.1-1999 as a statewide commercial building code in terms of Life-Cycle Cost (LCC) savings, total primary energy savings, and pollution emissions reductions.

  9. NATURE'S BUILDING CODE : THE BAUHAUS SCHOOL OF CELL DESIGN

    E-print Network

    Boal, David

    NATURE'S BUILDING CODE : THE BAUHAUS SCHOOL OF CELL DESIGN by David H. Boal LA PHYSIQUE ET L the materials are subject to stress or failure, they must be easy to repair. Design - The design of market'ÉDUCATION ( NATURE'S BUILDING CODE ... ) Prof. D.H. Boal , Dept. of Physics, Simon Fra- ser University

  10. SALT steady state systems code

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Berry; H. Geyer

    1983-01-01

    A steady state system code has been developed at ANL and has been used to analyze or evaluate the following technologies: open cycle magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), liquid metal MHD, fuel cells, combined cycle coal gasification plants, pulverized coal fired power plants with flue gas desulfurization, pressurized and atmospheric fluidized bed combustion plants, municipal solid waste disposal systems, geothermal systems, fusion reactor

  11. Earthquake resistant building design codes and safety standards: The California experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen H. Cutcliffe

    2000-01-01

    Seismologists and earthquake engineers have sought to understand and predict earthquakes and to develop better building designs to withstand them for well over a century. In the United States, the 1906 San Francisco earthquake provided the first real impetus for establishing building design codes and safety standards. Subsequent major California earthquakes in Santa Barbara (1925), Long Beach (1933), San Fernando

  12. Could Building Energy Codes Mandate Rooftop Solar in the Future?

    SciTech Connect

    Dillon, Heather E.; Antonopoulos, Chrissi A.; Solana, Amy E.; Russo, Bryan J.; Williams, Jeremiah

    2012-08-01

    This paper explores existing requirements and compliance options for both commercial and residential code structures. Common alternative compliance options are discussed including Renewable Energy Credits (RECs), green-power purchasing programs, shared solar programs and other community-based renewable energy investments. Compliance options are analyzed to consider building lifespan, cost-effectiveness, energy trade-offs, enforcement concerns and future code development. Existing onsite renewable energy codes are highlighted as case studies for the code development process.

  13. Surface code implementation of block code state distillation

    PubMed Central

    Fowler, Austin G.; Devitt, Simon J.; Jones, Cody

    2013-01-01

    State distillation is the process of taking a number of imperfect copies of a particular quantum state and producing fewer better copies. Until recently, the lowest overhead method of distilling states produced a single improved |A? state given 15 input copies. New block code state distillation methods can produce k improved |A? states given 3k + 8 input copies, potentially significantly reducing the overhead associated with state distillation. We construct an explicit surface code implementation of block code state distillation and quantitatively compare the overhead of this approach to the old. We find that, using the best available techniques, for parameters of practical interest, block code state distillation does not always lead to lower overhead, and, when it does, the overhead reduction is typically less than a factor of three. PMID:23736868

  14. Residential building code compliance: Implications for evaluating the performance of utility residential new construction programs

    SciTech Connect

    Vine, E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

    1996-05-01

    Knowing how well builders comply with (or exceed) energy-related building codes is critical for completing a sound evaluation of utility residential new construction programs and for determining the actual cost-effectiveness of these programs. Obtaining credit from utility regulators for additional energy savings from code compliance in participant houses as a result of the utility program is one of the key options available for utilities for improving the cost-effectiveness of these programs. In this paper, the authors examine residential building energy code compliance and specific code violations in three states (California, Oregon and Washington). They then compare residential building energy code compliance for program participants and nonparticipants as well as estimates of the energy savings impacts from noncompliance. The authors also point out some of the methodological limitations of these studies which limit the ability to generalize from these studies.

  15. Further results on finite-state codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pollara, F.; Cheung, K.-M.; Mceliece, R. J.

    1988-01-01

    A general construction for finite-state (FS) codes is applied to some well-known block codes. Subcodes of the (24,12) Golay code are used to generate two optimal FS codes with d sub free = 12 and 16. A partition of the (16,8) Nordstrom-Robinson code yields a d sub free = 10 FS code. Simulation results are shown and decoding algorithms are briefly discussed.

  16. Analysis of Potential Benefits and Costs of Updating the Commercial Building Energy Code in Iowa

    SciTech Connect

    Cort, Katherine A.; Belzer, David B.; Richman, Eric E.; Winiarski, David W.

    2002-09-07

    The state of Iowa is considering adpoting ASHRAE 90.1-1999 as its commercial building energy code. In an effort to evaluate whether or not this is an appropraite code for the state, the potential benefits and costs of adopting this standard are considered. Both qualitative and quantitative benefits are assessed. The energy simulation and economic results suggest that adopting ASHRAE 90.1-1999 would provide postitive net benefits to the state relative to the building and design requirements currently in place.

  17. Integrating Renewable Energy Requirements Into Building Energy Codes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John R. Kaufmann; James R. Hand; Mark A. Halverson

    2011-01-01

    This report evaluates how and when to best integrate renewable energy requirements into building energy codes. The basic goals were to: (1) provide a rough guide of where were going and how to get there; (2) identify key issues that need to be considered, including a discussion of various options with pros and cons, to help inform code deliberations; and

  18. Removing false code dependencies to speedup software build processes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yijun Yu; Homayoun Dayani-Fard; John Mylopoulos

    2003-01-01

    The development of large software systems involves a continual lengthy build process that may include preprocessing, compilation and linking of tens of thousands of source code files. In many cases, much of this build time is wasted because of false dependencies between implementation files and their respective header files. We present a graph algorithm and a programming tool that discovers

  19. Energy Efficiency Building Code for Commercial Buildings in Sri Lanka

    SciTech Connect

    Busch, John; Greenberg, Steve; Rubinstein, Francis; Denver, Andrea; Rawner, Esther; Franconi, Ellen; Huang, Joe; Neils, Danielle

    2000-09-30

    1.1.1 To encourage energy efficient design or retrofit of commercial buildings so that they may be constructed, operated, and maintained in a manner that reduces the use of energy without constraining the building function, the comfort, health, or the productivity of the occupants and with appropriate regard for economic considerations. 1.1.2 To provide criterion and minimum standards for energy efficiency in the design or retrofit of commercial buildings and provide methods for determining compliance with them. 1.1.3 To encourage energy efficient designs that exceed these criterion and minimum standards.

  20. Energy Efficiency Building Code for Commercial Buildings in Sri Lanka

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Busch; Steve Greenberg; Francis Rubinstein; Andrea Denver; Esther Rawner; Ellen Franconi; Joe Huang; Danielle Neils

    2000-01-01

    1.1.1 To encourage energy efficient design or retrofit of commercial buildings so that they may be constructed, operated, and maintained in a manner that reduces the use of energy without constraining the building function, the comfort, health, or the productivity of the occupants and with appropriate regard for economic considerations. 1.1.2 To provide criterion and minimum standards for energy efficiency

  1. Temporal imperfections building up correcting codes

    E-print Network

    Stefano Mancini; Rodolfo Bonifacio

    2001-11-24

    We address the timing problem in realizing correcting codes for quantum information processing. To deal with temporal uncertainties we employ a consistent quantum mechanical approach. The conditions for optimizing the effect of error correction in such a case are determined.

  2. BUILDING CODES: BARRIERS TO GREEN INNOVATION

    E-print Network

    management, energy and water efficiency, responsible material selection, minimization of CO2 emissions of 2001 provides green building guidelines, including operations related to energy, water, and waste from requirements for residential structures regarding site development, energy efficiency1 , water efficiency

  3. BUILDING STRONGER STATE ENERGY PARTNERSHIPS

    SciTech Connect

    David Terry

    2002-04-22

    When initiated by the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Rebuild America Program (RBA), this project--Strengthening the Partnerships Between the State and Territory Energy Offices and the U.S. Department of Energy--was geared toward addressing some project development and communications barriers between the State Energy Offices and the RBA program. While successful in some states, RBA officials were having difficulty assisting states in forming partnerships with communities and taking advantage of the programs technical assistance and other resources. NASEO's efforts under the project were, in large part, aimed at educating state energy offices about RBA's resources and delivering timely information to help move the program forward by emphasizing the successes of key states and identifying concerns and problems in states beginning to implement RBA activities. This report defines these outreach needs and challenges, the tasks designed to address these issues, and results during the first year of the project. As contemplated in NASEO's workplan, the approach during the first year of the agreement focuses on working through NASEO's State Energy Committee structure. Support provided under the agreement for tasks one and two during year one was intended to address partnerships in the buildings area. Specifically, NASEO was to work with its buildings committee, various state energy office members, and the Rebuild America program to improve partnership efforts, communications, and effectiveness of these combined efforts. The approach of to the project included three elements during year one. First, NASEO and its Buildings Committee were to focus on raising awareness and coordination of Rebuild activities. Through education, one-on-one communications, and presentations at NASEO meetings and other events, staff and the committee will assist Rebuild officials in stimulating interest in the program and building greater support among State Energy Office Directors. Second, NASEO would work to improve the efficiency of America's schools by assisting states and DOE in promoting projects that result in more energy efficient (and clean energy) schools and a better learning environment. Third, NASEO was to identify opportunities, needs, and priorities related to the emerging public benefit funds/programs operated by many states emerging from utility restructuring. This third activity, while still a high-priority for the state energy offices, has not been funded under this agreement. Thus, no activity will be reported. The results of the two funded efforts described above are a significant increase in the awareness of RBA resources and assistance, as well as a better understanding of successful approaches to implementing RBA activities. This technical progress report includes an update of the progress during the first year of cooperative agreement DE-FC26-00nt40802, Building Stronger State Energy Partnerships with the U.S. Department of Energy. The report also describes the barriers in conduct of the effort, and our assessment of future progress and activities.

  4. Analysis of Potential Benefits and Costs of Updating the Commercial Building Energy Code in North Dakota

    SciTech Connect

    Cort, Katherine A.; Belzer, David B.; Winiarski, David W.; Richman, Eric E.

    2004-04-30

    The state of North Dakota is considering updating its commercial building energy code. This report evaluates the potential costs and benefits to North Dakota residents from updating and requiring compliance with ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2001. Both qualitative and quantitative benefits and costs are assessed in the analysis. Energy and economic impacts are estimated using the Building Loads Analysis and System Thermodynamics (BLAST simulation combined with a Life-cycle Cost (LCC) approach to assess correspodning economic costs and benefits.

  5. Understanding Energy Code Acceptance within the Alaska Building Community

    SciTech Connect

    Mapes, Terry S.

    2012-02-14

    This document presents the technical assistance provided to the Alaska Home Financing Corporation on behalf of PNNL regarding the assessment of attitudes toward energy codes within the building community in Alaska. It includes a summary of the existing situation and specific assistance requested by AHFC, the results of a questionnaire designed for builders surveyed in a suburban area of Anchorage, interviews with a lender, a building official, and a research specialist, and recommendations for future action by AHFC.

  6. Adoption, implementation and enforcement of commercial building energy codes in New Mexico and Arizona

    SciTech Connect

    Callaway, J W; Thurman, A G; Shankle, D L

    1991-07-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) is considering ways to encourage states to adopt energy efficiency standards for residential and commercial buildings in the private sector. Such standards are now mandatory for federal buildings, and for private buildings in 34 states; in the remaining 16 states, the standards serve as guidelines for voluntary compliance. In this study for DOE, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) assessed the process by which energy codes for commercial buildings were adopted and implemented in Arizona and New Mexico. Information was gathered primarily through a series of interviews with state officials, city building officials, architects and engineers, builders, and staff from utilities in the two states. Until other state processes are studied, the extent of the similarities and dissimilarities to the situation in New Mexico and Arizona are unknown. A more extensive study may show that at least some elements of the two state's experience have been paralleled in other parts of the country. General strategies to encourage the adoption of energy codes, assist implementation, and support enforcement were developed based on the research from Arizona and New Mexico and are presented in this report. 6 refs., 4 figs.

  7. Evaluation of liquefaction potential for building code

    SciTech Connect

    Nunziata, C.; De Nisco, G. [Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Univ. Napoli Federico II (Italy); Panza, G. F. [Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Univ. Trieste (Italy); Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics, ESP-SAND Group, Trieste (Italy)

    2008-07-08

    The standard approach for the evaluation of the liquefaction susceptibility is based on the estimation of a safety factor between the cyclic shear resistance to liquefaction and the earthquake induced shear stress. Recently, an updated procedure based on shear-wave velocities (V{sub s}) has been proposed which could be more easily applied.These methods have been applied at La Plaja beach of Catania, that experienced liquefaction because of the 1693 earthquake. The detailed geotechnical and V{sub s} information and the realistic ground motion computed for the 1693 event let us compare the two approaches. The successful application of the V{sub s} procedure, slightly modified to fit historical and safety factor information, even if additional field performances are needed, encourages the development of a guide for liquefaction potential analysis, based on well defined V{sub s} profiles to be included in the italian seismic code.

  8. Integrating Renewable Energy Requirements Into Building Energy Codes

    SciTech Connect

    Kaufmann, John R.; Hand, James R.; Halverson, Mark A.

    2011-07-01

    This report evaluates how and when to best integrate renewable energy requirements into building energy codes. The basic goals were to: (1) provide a rough guide of where we’re going and how to get there; (2) identify key issues that need to be considered, including a discussion of various options with pros and cons, to help inform code deliberations; and (3) to help foster alignment among energy code-development organizations. The authors researched current approaches nationally and internationally, conducted a survey of key stakeholders to solicit input on various approaches, and evaluated the key issues related to integration of renewable energy requirements and various options to address those issues. The report concludes with recommendations and a plan to engage stakeholders. This report does not evaluate whether the use of renewable energy should be required on buildings; that question involves a political decision that is beyond the scope of this report.

  9. Energy Code Enforcement Training Manual : Covering the Washington State Energy Code and the Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality Code.

    SciTech Connect

    Washington State Energy Code Program

    1992-05-01

    This manual is designed to provide building department personnel with specific inspection and plan review skills and information on provisions of the 1991 edition of the Washington State Energy Code (WSEC). It also provides information on provisions of the new stand-alone Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality (VIAQ) Code.The intent of the WSEC is to reduce the amount of energy used by requiring energy-efficient construction. Such conservation reduces energy requirements, and, as a result, reduces the use of finite resources, such as gas or oil. Lowering energy demand helps everyone by keeping electricity costs down. (It is less expensive to use existing electrical capacity efficiently than it is to develop new and additional capacity needed to heat or cool inefficient buildings.) The new VIAQ Code (effective July, 1991) is a natural companion to the energy code. Whether energy-efficient or not, an homes have potential indoor air quality problems. Studies have shown that indoor air is often more polluted than outdoor air. The VIAQ Code provides a means of exchanging stale air for fresh, without compromising energy savings, by setting standards for a controlled ventilation system. It also offers requirements meant to prevent indoor air pollution from building products or radon.

  10. Assessment of state`s needs for building energy information tools

    SciTech Connect

    Hattrup, M.P.; Gilbride, T.L.

    1994-08-01

    In this study for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Codes and Standards, Building Energy Standards Program (BESP), which is operated by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), conducted two surveys of state agencies involved with building codes (including each state energy office) to determine what resources they would find most helpful in complying with the residential and commercial energy efficiency requirements of the Energy Policy Act of 1992. PNL conducted a telephone survey of all 50 states and then a mail survey of each state plus Washington, DC and the six trust territories. In the mail survey the survey participants were provided with a list of 27 hypothetical tool descriptions; the participants were asked to choose the tools they thought would be most useful in helping them implement building energy codes and standards in their state. The respondents were also asked to characterize their state`s commercial and/or residential building energy code development/implementation processes. The mail survey respondents were also asked if they would be interested in serving on task forces for commercial or residential code development, implementation, enforcement or utility programs.

  11. List updated 7/26/2013 BLDG. # BLDG. CODE BUILDING NAME

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    /LOCKER BUILDING MC11 LB LIBRARY MC12 EC EDUCATION/CLASSROOM BUILDING MC13 WB HARRIET L. WILKES BUILDING MC14 MA MALTZ CENTER FOR EDUCATION MC15 PA PERLOFF ADMINISTRATION BUILDING MC16 PC PERLOFF CLASSROOM BUILDING MCList updated 7/26/2013 BLDG. # BLDG. CODE BUILDING NAME MC01 HC HARRIET L. WILKES HONORS COLLEGE MC

  12. Cost-Effective Energy Efficiency Measures for 15% Above 2009 IECC Code-Compliant House for Residential Buildings in TX

    E-print Network

    Kim, H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.; Lewis, C.; Yazdani, B.

    2011-01-01

    1 Cost-Effective Energy Efficiency Measures for 15% Above 2009 IECC Code-Compliant House for Residential Buildings in Texas Hyojin Kim Juan-Carlos Baltazar Jeff S. Haberl Research Associate Assc. Research Engineer Professor... This paper presents cost-effective recommendations for achieving 15% above code- compliant house energy performance, which are based on the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC), for single-family residences across the State of Texas...

  13. Empirical evidence for site coefficients in building code provisions

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Borcherdt, R.D.

    2002-01-01

    Site-response coefficients, Fa and Fv, used in U.S. building code provisions are based on empirical data for motions up to 0.1 g. For larger motions they are based on theoretical and laboratory results. The Northridge earthquake of 17 January 1994 provided a significant new set of empirical data up to 0.5 g. These data together with recent site characterizations based on shear-wave velocity measurements provide empirical estimates of the site coefficients at base accelerations up to 0.5 g for Site Classes C and D. These empirical estimates of Fa and Fnu; as well as their decrease with increasing base acceleration level are consistent at the 95 percent confidence level with those in present building code provisions, with the exception of estimates for Fa at levels of 0.1 and 0.2 g, which are less than the lower confidence bound by amounts up to 13 percent. The site-coefficient estimates are consistent at the 95 percent confidence level with those of several other investigators for base accelerations greater than 0.3 g. These consistencies and present code procedures indicate that changes in the site coefficients are not warranted. Empirical results for base accelerations greater than 0.2 g confirm the need for both a short- and a mid- or long-period site coefficient to characterize site response for purposes of estimating site-specific design spectra.

  14. Probabilistic seismic hazard zonation for the Cuban building code update

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garcia, J.; Llanes-Buron, C.

    2013-05-01

    A probabilistic seismic hazard assessment has been performed in response to a revision and update of the Cuban building code (NC-46-99) for earthquake-resistant building construction. The hazard assessment have been done according to the standard probabilistic approach (Cornell, 1968) and importing the procedures adopted by other nations dealing with the problem of revising and updating theirs national building codes. Problems of earthquake catalogue treatment, attenuation of peak and spectral ground acceleration, as well as seismic source definition have been rigorously analyzed and a logic-tree approach was used to represent the inevitable uncertainties encountered through the whole seismic hazard estimation process. The seismic zonation proposed here, is formed by a map where it is reflected the behaviour of the spectral acceleration values for short (0.2 seconds) and large (1.0 seconds) periods on rock conditions with a 1642 -year return period, which being considered as maximum credible earthquake (ASCE 07-05). In addition, other three design levels are proposed (severe earthquake: with a 808 -year return period, ordinary earthquake: with a 475 -year return period and minimum earthquake: with a 225 -year return period). The seismic zonation proposed here fulfils the international standards (IBC-ICC) as well as the world tendencies in this thematic.

  15. The State of Energy Codes in Texas 

    E-print Network

    Herbert, C.

    2014-01-01

    The State of Energy Codes in Texas CATEE November 20, 2014 ESL-KT-14-11-44 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Who is SPEER • Member-based, non-profit 501(c)3 organization • The Newest Regional Energy... Nov. 18-20 In addition to Code Adoption and Compliance • City Efficiency Leaders Council, including Benchmarking, and Street Lighting Retrofits • Combined Heat and Power Technical Assistance • Data Access and Management • PACE - Property Assessed...

  16. A MODEL BUILDING CODE ARTICLE ON FALLOUT SHELTERS WITH RECOMMENDATIONS FOR INCLUSION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR FALLOUT SHELTER CONSTRUCTION IN FOUR NATIONAL MODEL BUILDING CODES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Inst. of Architects, Washington, DC.

    A MODEL BUILDING CODE FOR FALLOUT SHELTERS WAS DRAWN UP FOR INCLUSION IN FOUR NATIONAL MODEL BUILDING CODES. DISCUSSION IS GIVEN OF FALLOUT SHELTERS WITH RESPECT TO--(1) NUCLEAR RADIATION, (2) NATIONAL POLICIES, AND (3) COMMUNITY PLANNING. FALLOUT SHELTER REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIELDING, SPACE, VENTILATION, CONSTRUCTION, AND SERVICES SUCH AS ELECTRICAL…

  17. Comparison of current state residential energy codes with the 1992 model energy code for one- and two-family dwellings; 1994

    SciTech Connect

    Klevgard, L.A.; Taylor, Z.T.; Lucas, R.G.

    1995-01-01

    This report is one in a series of documents describing research activities in support of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program. The Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) leads the program for DOE. The goal of the program is to develop and support the adopting, implementation, and enforcement of Federal, State, and Local energy codes for new buildings. The program approach to meeting the goal is to initiate and manage individual research and standards and guidelines development efforts that are planned and conducted in cooperation with representatives from throughout the buildings community. Projects under way involve practicing architects and engineers, professional societies and code organizations, industry representatives, and researchers from the private sector and national laboratories. Research results and technical justifications for standards criteria are provided to standards development and model code organizations and to Federal, State, and local jurisdictions as a basis to update their codes and standards. This effort helps to ensure that building standards incorporate the latest research results to achieve maximum energy savings in new buildings, yet remain responsive to the needs of the affected professions, organizations, and jurisdictions. Also supported are the implementation, deployment, and use of energy-efficient codes and standards. This report documents findings from an analysis conducted by PNL of the State`s building codes to determine if the codes meet or exceed the 1992 MEC energy efficiency requirements (CABO 1992a).

  18. Building code compliance and enforcement: The experience of San Francisco's residential energy conservation ordinance and California's building standards for new construction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vine

    1990-01-01

    As part of Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory's (LBL) technical assistance to the Sustainable City Project, compliance and enforcement activities related to local and state building codes for existing and new construction were evaluated in two case studies. The analysis of the City of San Francisco's Residential Energy Conservation Ordinance (RECO) showed that a limited, prescriptive energy conservation ordinance for existing residential

  19. Building a Successful Palestinian State

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    During the past 50 years, there has been much debate and hand-wringing over how best to create a self-sustaining and independent Palestinian state. While many attempts have been made, in some sense very little substantial progress has been made. A team of researchers at the RAND Corporation has created this 453-page monograph that contains a singularly comprehensive set of recommendations for the success of an independent Palestinian state. Released in April 2005, the report contains proposals for a number of transportation links between the West Bank and Gaza that would hopefully open the door for access to jobs, food, water, health care, and other such public services. The report itself does not comment on how Israelis and Palestinians can reach a settlement to create such a state, but rather focuses almost entirely on what would happen in such a state were created. Based on research conducted from 2002 to 2004, this report will definitely be thought-provoking and compelling for persons with an interest in political economy, development issues, and the future of this highly contested region.

  20. Building code compliance and enforcement: The experience of San Francisco's residential energy conservation ordinance and California's building standards for new construction

    SciTech Connect

    Vine, E.

    1990-11-01

    As part of Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory's (LBL) technical assistance to the Sustainable City Project, compliance and enforcement activities related to local and state building codes for existing and new construction were evaluated in two case studies. The analysis of the City of San Francisco's Residential Energy Conservation Ordinance (RECO) showed that a limited, prescriptive energy conservation ordinance for existing residential construction can be enforced relatively easily with little administrative costs, and that compliance with such ordinances can be quite high. Compliance with the code was facilitated by extensive publicity, an informed public concerned with the cost of energy and knowledgeable about energy efficiency, the threat of punishment (Order of Abatement), the use of private inspectors, and training workshops for City and private inspectors. The analysis of California's Title 24 Standards for new residential and commercial construction showed that enforcement of this type of code for many climate zones is more complex and requires extensive administrative support for education and training of inspectors, architects, engineers, and builders. Under this code, prescriptive and performance approaches for compliance are permitted, resulting in the demand for alternative methods of enforcement: technical assistance, plan review, field inspection, and computer analysis. In contrast to existing to construction, building design and new materials and construction practices are of critical importance in new construction, creating a need for extensive technical assistance and extensive interaction between enforcement personnel and the building community. Compliance problems associated with building design and installation did occur in both residential and nonresidential buildings. 12 refs., 5 tabs.

  1. Abestos in Buildings: The State Role.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neilander, Dennis K.; Sacarto, Douglas M.

    1988-01-01

    The widespread use of asbestos for several decades in building construction has created major public health concerns for state governments. If asbestos is not thoroughly bound in cement, plaster, resin or some other stable material, it will flake and powder, releasing countless microscopic fibers into the air. Asbestos fibers penetrate deep into…

  2. Innovation and Standardization in School Building: A Proposal for the National Code in Italy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ridolfi, Giuseppe

    This document discusses the University of Florence's experience and concepts as it developed the research to define a proposal for designing a new national school building code. Section 1 examines the current school building code and the Italian Reform Process in Education between 1960 and 2000. Section 2 details and explains the new school…

  3. Green Building Performance Evaluation in the United States: Measured Results from LEED- New Construction Buildings

    E-print Network

    Hewitt, D.; Turner, C.; Frankel, M.

    Green Building Performance Evaluation in the United States: Measured Results from LEED-New Construction Buildings Dave Hewitt Cathy Turner Mark Frankel Executive Director Senior Analyst Technical Director New Buildings Institute Vancouver...

  4. Recommendations for 15% Above ASHRAE 90.1-2007 Code-Compliant Building Energy Efficiency Measures for Small Retail Buildings 

    E-print Network

    Kim, H.; Kim, K.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J. S.; Yazdani, B.

    2012-01-01

    closely with code officials, energy raters, manufacturers, state officials and other stakeholders to develop cost effective energy efficiency measures. This report presents detailed information about the recommendations for achieving 15% above code-compliant...

  5. Recommendations for 15% Above ASHRAE 90.1-2007 Code-Compliant Building Energy Efficiency Measures for Small Office Buildings 

    E-print Network

    Kim, H.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J.; Yazdani, B.

    2012-01-01

    closely with code officials, energy raters, manufacturers, state officials and other stakeholders to develop cost effective energy efficiency measures. This report presents detailed information about the recommendations for achieving 15% above code-compliant...

  6. Energy Efficiency Pilot Projects in Jaipur: Testing the Energy Conservation Building Code

    SciTech Connect

    Evans, Meredydd; Mathur, Jyotirmay; Yu, Sha

    2014-03-26

    The Malaviya National Institute of Technology (MNIT) in Jaipur, India is constructing two new buildings on its campus that allow it to test implementation of the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC), which Rajasthan made mandatory in 2011. PNNL has been working with MNIT to document progress on ECBC implementation in these buildings.

  7. Building Codes for Classrooms 34MK 3401 Market Street JMHH Jon M. Huntsman Hall

    E-print Network

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    Building Codes for Classrooms 34MK 3401 Market Street JMHH Jon M. Huntsman Hall 35MK 3550 Market Market Street KWH Kelly Writers House ACHM Anatomy/Chemistry Building L-FH Lauder-Fischer Hall ADDM Fisher-Bennett Hall LIPP Lippincott BLOC Blockley Hall LLAB Leidy Labs CAST Caster Building LRSM Lab

  8. Impacts of Standard 90.1-2007 for Commercial Buildings at State Level

    SciTech Connect

    Bartlett, Rosemarie; Halverson, Mark A.; Gowri, Krishnan

    2009-10-12

    This report examines the requirements of Standard 90.1-2007 on commercial buildings on a state-by-state basis with a separate, stand-alone chapter for each state. Standard 90.1-2007 is compared to the current state code for most states. This is the final version of the draft previously cleared and assigned ERICA # PNNL-18544, titled "Commercial Nationwide Report."

  9. Optimal superdense coding of entangled states

    E-print Network

    Anura Abeyesinghe; Patrick Hayden; Graeme Smith; Andreas Winter

    2006-08-09

    We present a one-shot method for preparing pure entangled states between a sender and a receiver at a minimal cost of entanglement and quantum communication. In the case of preparing unentangled states, an earlier paper showed that a 2n-qubit quantum state could be communicated to a receiver by physically transmitting only n+o(n) qubits in addition to consuming n ebits of entanglement and some shared randomness. When the states to be prepared are entangled, we find that there is a reduction in the number of qubits that need to be transmitted, interpolating between no communication at all for maximally entangled states and the earlier two-for-one result of the unentangled case, all without the use of any shared randomness. We also present two applications of our result: a direct proof of the achievability of the optimal superdense coding protocol for entangled states produced by a memoryless source, and a demonstration that the quantum identification capacity of an ebit is two qubits.

  10. Quantum network dense coding via continuous-variable graph states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Jiahao; He, Guangqiang

    2014-08-01

    We present a dense coding network based on continuous-variable graph state along with its corresponding protocol. A scheme to distill bipartite entanglement between two arbitrary modes in a graph state is provided in order to realize the dense coding network. We also analyze the capacity of network dense coding and provide a method to calculate its maximum mutual information. As an application, we analyze the performance of dense coding in a square lattice graph state network. The result showed that the mutual information of the dense coding is not largely affected by the complexity of the network. We conclude that the performance of dense coding network is very optimistic.

  11. Building a Hydrodynamics Code with Kinetic Theory This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-print Network

    Bauer, Wolfgang

    Building a Hydrodynamics Code with Kinetic Theory This article has been downloaded from IOPscience a Hydrodynamics Code with Kinetic Theory Irina Sagert1, Wolfgang Bauer1,2, Dirk Colbry2, Rodney Pickett2, Terrance, USA 2 Institute for Cyber-Enabled Research, Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan 48824

  12. Institutions by imposition : colonial lessons for contemporary state-building

    E-print Network

    Matsuzaki, Reo

    2011-01-01

    What explains variation in institution-building under foreign occupations? Why do some state-building missions produce effective and durable state institutions, while others leave a legacy of weak or dysfunctional ones? I ...

  13. The long and winding road of state building

    E-print Network

    Richner, Heinz

    Chapter 15 The long and winding road of state building Sagar Raj Sharma1 1. Context Post and services, including security. In this book, we have attempted to view state-building as essentially with various such aspects of state-building in today's post-conflict Nepal. The first two chapters have dealt

  14. A brief introduction on training and public information of building energy codes in the U.S.

    SciTech Connect

    Shui, Bin

    2010-12-01

    This report is associated with the project of Implementation of Building Energy Codes in China (55793). The report aims to give Chinese audience a brief introduction on training and public information activities of building energy codes in the U.S. The report contains four sections: Section One is about the development history and implementation of building energy codes in the U.S. Section Two is about the organizations of training and public information activities, mainly focused on ASHRAE, ICC, federal and state government. Policy implication, which is Section Three, addresses the role of federal government and on-line training and public information activities in promoting training and public information (the current China training system lacks strong support of central government and on-line training activities). Conclusions are made in Section Four. This report will be uploaded to an upcoming Chinese website which is devoted to provide first-time free on-line training and public information of building energy codes in China.

  15. Methodology for Residential Building Energy Simulations Implemented in the International Code Compliance Calculator (IC3)

    E-print Network

    Liu, Z.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Malhotra, M.; Haberl, J.; Gilman, D.; Montgomery, C.; McKelvey, K.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.

    Since 2001, Texas has been proactive in initiating clean air and energy efficiency in building policies. The Texas Emissions Reduction Plan legislation (SB 5, 77TH Leg., 2001) mandates statewide adoption of energy codes, creates a 5% annual energy...

  16. Analysis of Code-Compliant Construction in Texas Based on Texas Building Energy Performance Standards (TBEPS) 

    E-print Network

    Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J.C.; Kim, H.; Yazdani, B.; Haberl, J.

    2013-01-01

    ESL-IC-13-10-03 1 Analysis of Code-Compliant Construction in Texas Based on Texas Building Energy Performance Standards (TBEPS) Hyojin Kim1 Jaya Mukhopadhyay Juan-Carlos Baltazar Research Engineering Associate Research Engineering..., Montreal, Quebec, October 8-11, 2013 ESL-IC-13-10-03 2 METHODOLOGY The analysis was performed using the Laboratory?s code-compliant single-family simulation5 that includes new EIR calculation models6 and large commercial office building...

  17. BARREL VIEW LOOKING EAST, SHOWING COLUMNS AND STATE CAPITOL BUILDING. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    BARREL VIEW LOOKING EAST, SHOWING COLUMNS AND STATE CAPITOL BUILDING. - Soldiers' & Sailors' Memorial Bridge, Spanning Paxton Creek & Cameron Street (State Route 230) at State Street (State Route 3014), Harrisburg, Dauphin County, PA

  18. Analysis of Potential Benefits and Costs of Adopting ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999 as a Commercial Building Energy Code in Michigan

    SciTech Connect

    Cort, Katherine A.; Belzer, David B.; Halverson, Mark A.; Richman, Eric E.; Winiarski, David W.

    2002-09-30

    The state of Michigan is considering adpoting ASHRAE 90.1-1999 as its commercial building energy code. In an effort to evaluate whether or not this is an appropraite code for the state, the potential benefits and costs of adopting this standard are considered. Both qualitative and quantitative benefits are assessed. The energy simulation and economic results suggest that adopting ASHRAE 90.1-1999 would provide postitive net benefits to the state relative to the building and design requirements currently in place.

  19. How does a brain build a cognitive code?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen Grossberg

    1980-01-01

    Discusses how competition between afferent data and learned feedback expectancies can stabilize a developing code by buffering committed populations of detectors against continual erosion by new environmental demands. The gating phenomena that result lead to dynamically maintained critical periods and to attentional phenomena such as overshadowing in the adult. The functional unit of cognitive coding is suggested to be an

  20. Simplified Prescriptive Options in the Texas Residential Building Energy Code Make Compliance Easy 

    E-print Network

    Stone, G. A.; DeVito, E. M.; Nease, N. H.

    2002-01-01

    and the ESL Guide. While there are many different compliance options in the IRC and 2 ?U-factor and ?R-value? are measures of the resistance of a glazing, insulating material, or fenestration assembly... simplified prescriptive package to successful code implementation. A. Building Energy Efficiency Requirements for New Homes. The amount of glazing in a home is one of the primary drivers to the code?s energy performance requirements. A simple...

  1. 10. Historic view of the building: 'Warren Street from State ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Historic view of the building: 'Warren Street from State Street' ca. 1893. Courtesy of Trenton Free Public Library. 2-6 East State Street is to the right of the image, with the sign for a dentist prominent on the corner. The mass of wires entering the fourth floor window suggests the location of the Western Union Telegraph Office in the building. - 2-6 East State Street (Commercial Building), 2-6 East State Street, Trenton, Mercer County, NJ

  2. Natural ventilation possibilities for buildings in the United States

    E-print Network

    Dean, Brian N. (Brian Nathan), 1974-

    2001-01-01

    In the United States, many of the commercial buildings built in the last few decades are completely mechanically air conditioned, without the capability to use natural ventilation. This habit has occurred in building designs ...

  3. Associated Students of Boise State University Governing Code

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    Associated Students of Boise State University Governing Code CHAPTERS get caps and underlined I 1: CODE OVERVIEW I. ASBSU Purpose A. The core purpose of the Associated Students of Boise State University is to advocate for students, empowering them with a voice on campus, and to facilitate direct

  4. Technical support document for the proposed Federal Commercial Building energy code

    SciTech Connect

    Somasundaram, S.; Halverson, M.A.; Jones, C.C.; Hadley, D.L.

    1995-11-01

    This report presents the justification and technical documentation for all changes and updates made (since 1993) to the Energy Code for Commercial and High-Rise Residential Buildings, the codified version of ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-1989, ``Energy Efficient Design of New Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings.`` These changes and updates, which were subject to the ASHRAE addenda approval process, include Addenda b, c, d, e, g, and i. A seventh addenda, Addenda f, which has not been officially approved by ASHRAE, has been included into the proposed rule. Also included in the changes was technical work conducted to justify revisions to the 1993 DOE lighting power densities. The updated text will be reviewed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and issued as the new Federal Commercial Building Energy Code (10 CFR 434); Mandatory for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High Rise Residential Buildings.

  5. Lessons learned from new construction utility demand side management programs and their implications for implementing building energy codes

    SciTech Connect

    Wise, B.K.; Hughes, K.R.; Danko, S.L.; Gilbride, T.L.

    1994-07-01

    This report was prepared for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Codes and Standards by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) through its Building Energy Standards Program (BESP). The purpose of this task was to identify demand-side management (DSM) strategies for new construction that utilities have adopted or developed to promote energy-efficient design and construction. PNL conducted a survey of utilities and used the information gathered to extrapolate lessons learned and to identify evolving trends in utility new-construction DSM programs. The ultimate goal of the task is to identify opportunities where states might work collaboratively with utilities to promote the adoption, implementation, and enforcement of energy-efficient building energy codes.

  6. Environmental Sustainability Assessment of Buildings Using Requirements in Building Energy Codes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sam C. M. Hui

    2002-01-01

    SUMMARY To assess the environmental sustainability of buildings, a number of technological, ecological and socio-cultural factors are involved. Investigation on the existing building environmental assessment methods in the world shows that the building's energy performance is usually the key element in the evaluation process and will constitute a significant portion of the overall assessment results. With growing interest and importance

  7. COMPUTATIONAL AERODYNAMICS OF BUILDINGS WITH A BLOCK STRUCTURED CFD CODE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Cravero; M. Oliviero; K. Papalia

    This paper presents an activity concerning the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) for a numerical prediction of wind engineering problems on buildings and structures. To minimize the occurrence of unpleasant and dangerous wind conditions at the pedestrian level, an evaluation of the wind environment is an indispensable element in planning urban spaces and in locating trees or protective windbreaks. This kind

  8. Energy Efficient Residential Building Code for Arab Countries 

    E-print Network

    Hanna, G. B.

    2010-01-01

    , Shading, wall color and mid and top floor. The results show that the mass and types of building materials; WWR (15%), glass type and shutters; orientation; wall insulation (25mm), wall solar absorptivity (a=.3); roof insulation and shading effect enhance...

  9. Energy codes and the Recovery Act: Guidance for states addressing 90% compliance requirements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, Jeremiah Lee

    The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 provided state financial support aimed at stimulating the national economy while creating efficiency gains through the implementation of modern building energy codes. These requirements call for compliance with targeted energy codes, including a plan to demonstrate a 90% compliance rate by 2017. In support of these requirements, the Federal Government has published a recommended methodology for states to reference as they work to demonstrate compliance with new energy codes. Unfortunately, the path to meeting this goal remains unclear and many questions still exist at the state and stakeholder levels. The present study examines compliance issues faced within U.S. states to enable effective policy decisions, with a primary goal to provide states with guidance and options to address energy code compliance requirements. A descriptive statistical analysis of survey responses gathered in code enforcement jurisdictions provides a baseline of local practices and current implementation issues. State challenges and subsequent recommendations are analyzed through recent case studies, and considered against expectations of the Federal methodology. Findings culminate in a set of recommendations with consideration for unique background scenarios and barriers observed in the study. The resulting guidance can be considered by states as they install policies and take action in addressing Recovery Act requirements.

  10. Cost-Effective Energy Efficiency Measures for 15% Above 2009 IECC Code-Compliant House for Residential Buildings in TX 

    E-print Network

    Kim, H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.; Lewis, C.; Yazdani, B.

    2011-01-01

    COST?EFFECTIVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY MEASURES FOR 15% ABOVE 2009 IECC CODE?COMPLIANT HOUSE FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN TEXAS 11th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations New York City, October 18 ? 20, 2011 Hyojin Kim... System EEMs for 15% Above 2009 IECC Code?Compliant House in TX 11th ICEBO Conference Oct. 18 ? 20, 2011 2 Outline Introduction Methodology Base?Case Building Energy Efficiency Measures Results Summary EEMs for 15% Above 2009 IECC Code?Compliant...

  11. NUCLEAR COMPONENT DESIGN ONTOLOGY BUILDING BASED ON ASME CODES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shiyi BAO; Yu ZHOU; Shuyan HE

    The adoption of ontology analysis in the study of concept knowledge acquisition and representation for the nuclear component design process based on computer-supported cooperative work (CSCW) makes it possible to share and reuse numerous concept knowledge of multi-disciplinary domains. A practical ontology building method is accordingly proposed based on Protégé knowledge model in combination with both top-down and bottom-up approaches

  12. Alternative Formats to Achieve More Efficient Energy Codes for Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect

    Conover, David R.; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Halverson, Mark A.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Makela, Eric J.

    2013-01-26

    This paper identifies and examines several formats or structures that could be used to create the next generation of more efficient energy codes and standards for commercial buildings. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) to provide technical support to the development of ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1. While the majority of PNNL’s ASHRAE Standard 90.1 support focuses on developing and evaluating new requirements, a portion of its work involves consideration of the format of energy standards. In its current working plan, the ASHRAE 90.1 committee has approved an energy goal of 50% improvement in Standard 90.1-2013 relative to Standard 90.1-2004, and will likely be considering higher improvement targets for future versions of the standard. To cost-effectively achieve the 50% goal in manner that can gain stakeholder consensus, formats other than prescriptive must be considered. Alternative formats that include reducing the reliance on prescriptive requirements may make it easier to achieve these aggressive efficiency levels in new codes and standards. The focus on energy code and standard formats is meant to explore approaches to presenting the criteria that will foster compliance, enhance verification, and stimulate innovation while saving energy in buildings. New formats may also make it easier for building designers and owners to design and build the levels of efficiency called for in the new codes and standards. This paper examines a number of potential formats and structures, including prescriptive, performance-based (with sub-formats of performance equivalency and performance targets), capacity constraint-based, and outcome-based. The paper also discusses the pros and cons of each format from the viewpoint of code users and of code enforcers.

  13. Present state of the SOURCES computer code

    SciTech Connect

    Shores, E. F. (Erik F.)

    2002-01-01

    In various stages of development for over two decades, the SOURCES computer code continues to calculate neutron production rates and spectra from four types of problems: homogeneous media, two-region interfaces, three-region interfaces and that of a monoenergetic alpha particle beam incident on a slab of target material. Graduate work at the University of Missouri - Rolla, in addition to user feedback from a tutorial course, provided the impetus for a variety of code improvements. Recently upgraded to version 4B, initial modifications to SOURCES focused on updates to the 'tape5' decay data library. Shortly thereafter, efforts focused on development of a graphical user interface for the code. This paper documents the Los Alamos SOURCES Tape1 Creator and Library Link (LASTCALL) and describes additional library modifications in more detail. Minor improvements and planned enhancements are discussed.

  14. Compositional model-driven design of embedded code for energy-efficient buildings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Mady; M. Boubekeur; G. Provan

    2009-01-01

    In embedded software development, model-driven design is well recognized. In this article we describe a compositional model-driven approach for auto-generating embedded code for improving the energy efficiency of building automation applications. We show how we can use a component-based hybrid-systems modelling framework to generate models for simulation and verification. Then, we auto-generate embeddable code from these models. We empirically demonstrate

  15. Using Building Commissioning to Improve Performance in State Buildings

    E-print Network

    Haasl, T.; Wilkinson, R.

    1998-01-01

    & Engineering Division, State of Montana Helena, Montana returned for a response rate of 23%. Completed surveys were received from 39 states and fiom 3 of the 5 U.S. Territories. The survey consisted of seventeen questions. As is typical for most surveys...

  16. Design of Moore finite state machine with extended coding space

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Titarenko, Larysa; Hebda, Olena; Barkalov, Alexander

    2014-10-01

    The proposed method is targeted on reduction of hardware amount in logic circuit of Moore finite-state machine implemented with programmable logic arrays (PLA). The method is based on using more than minimal amount of variables in codes of FSM internal states. The method includes two stages of state encoding. The second stage is connected with recoding of states inside each class of pseudoequivalent states.

  17. 8. Historic view of the building: 'Warren Street from State ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic view of the building: 'Warren Street from State Street' ca. 1890. Courtesy of the Trenton Free Public Library. This shows the building before the True American's renovations of 1893. It is the three-story buildings, flanked by lower ones in the middle of the block. At the time of the photograph, the brick exterior was painted a light color and dark-colored louvered shutters flanked all the upper story windows. - 14 North Warren Street (Commercial Building), True American Building, Trenton, Mercer County, NJ

  18. Energy Provisions of the California Green Building Standards Code Page 2 CHAPTER 4, RESIDENTIAL MANDATORY MEASURES

    E-print Network

    Building (Energy Budget) and the annual TDV energy consumption for lighting and components not regulated Software certified by the Energy Commission. Energy Budget. The sum of the annual TDV energy consumption in this code, have the meanings shown herein. Energy Design Rating. The sum of the annual TDV energy

  19. A method to prove violation of building code sound insulation standards in small condominiums

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lubman, David

    2003-10-01

    Building code sound insulation standards are health measures intended to protect people from excessive noise. In the USA, minimum values for Field Sound Transmission Loss (FSTC), and Field Impact Insulation Class (FIIC) are widely used to rate noise insulation between adjacent condominiums. Current American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) field test standards specify minimum room volumes for each of 16 one-third octave band test frequencies. For field impact insulation class ratings (FIIC), ASTM E 1007 specifies a minimum room volume of 2100 ft3 for valid measurement in the 100-Hz band. For air-borne sound transmission class ratings (FSTC), ASTM E 336 specifies minimum room volumes of 1400 ft3 for valid measurement in the 125-Hz band. FIIC and FSTC cannot be determined for bedrooms and kitchens of smaller condominiums which fail the minimum size requirement for the lowest bands. However, upper bounds can be determined merely by excluding invalid lower bands from computations. It is shown that when the upper bound on FIIC or FSTC falls below the code requirement (field values of 45 under the Uniform Building Code and the International Building Code), one may logically conclude that the code requirement is violated under existing standards.

  20. Building code challenging the ethics behind adobe architecture in North Cyprus.

    PubMed

    Hurol, Yonca; Yüceer, Hülya; ?ahali, Öznem

    2015-04-01

    Adobe masonry is part of the vernacular architecture of Cyprus. Thus, it is possible to use this technology in a meaningful way on the island. On the other hand, although adobe architecture is more sustainable in comparison to other building technologies, the use of it is diminishing in North Cyprus. The application of Turkish building code in the north of the island has created complications in respect of the use of adobe masonry, because this building code demands that reinforced concrete vertical tie-beams are used together with adobe masonry. The use of reinforced concrete elements together with adobe masonry causes problems in relation to the climatic response of the building as well as causing other technical and aesthetic problems. This situation makes the design of adobe masonry complicated and various types of ethical problems also emerge. The objective of this article is to analyse the ethical problems which arise as a consequence of the restrictive character of the building code, by analysing two case studies and conducting an interview with an architect who was involved with the use of adobe masonry in North Cyprus. According to the results of this article there are ethical problems at various levels in the design of both case studies. These problems are connected to the responsibilities of architects in respect of the social benefit, material production, aesthetics and affordability of the architecture as well as presenting distrustful behaviour where the obligations of architects to their clients is concerned. PMID:24696019

  1. Community Development Building Division

    E-print Network

    building compliance of the Los Altos Municipal Code shall alleviate any requirement to meet the State of California's Title 24 Energy Code requirements. Specifically, no building permit shall be issued to anyCommunity Development Building Division One North San Antonio Road Los Altos, California 94022

  2. UNITED STATES CODE TITLE 15 CHAPTER 82 -

    E-print Network

    . The national interest of the United States lies in maintaining international leadership in satellite land's Landsat system established the United States as the world leader in land remote sensing technology. 3 and nondiscriminatory access. 11. Technological advances aimed at reducing the size and weight of satellite systems hold

  3. The Remake of a State Post-conflict Challenges and State Building in Nepal

    E-print Network

    Richner, Heinz

    #12;The Remake of a State Post-conflict Challenges and State Building in Nepal Edited by Bishnu Raj, Ghimire S, editors. 2010. The Remake of a State: Post-conflict Challenges and State Building in Nepal. Copyright © 2010 by the SAs RCO, NCCR North-South, Kathmandu, Nepal. All rights reserved. ISBN: 978

  4. Deterministic dense coding and faithful teleportation with multipartite graph states

    SciTech Connect

    Huang, C.-Y.; Yu, I-C.; Lin, F.-L. [Department of Physics, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 116, Taiwan (China); Hsu, L.-Y. [Department of Physics, Chung Yuan Christian University, Chung-li 32023, Taiwan (China)

    2009-05-15

    We propose schemes to perform the deterministic dense coding and faithful teleportation with multipartite graph states. We also find the sufficient and necessary condition of a viable graph state for the proposed schemes. That is, for the associated graph, the reduced adjacency matrix of the Tanner-type subgraph between senders and receivers should be invertible.

  5. 22 CFR 9b.8 - Term and renewal of Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...renewal of Department of State press building passes. 9b.8 Section 9b.8...GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.8 Term and renewal of Department of State press building passes. (a) Department of...

  6. 22 CFR 9b.4 - Department of State building press pass for technical crews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 false Department of State building press pass for technical crews. 9b...REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.4 Department of State building press pass for technical crews....

  7. 22 CFR 9b.4 - Department of State building press pass for technical crews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 false Department of State building press pass for technical crews. 9b...REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.4 Department of State building press pass for technical crews....

  8. 22 CFR 9b.8 - Term and renewal of Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...renewal of Department of State press building passes. 9b.8 Section 9b.8...GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.8 Term and renewal of Department of State press building passes. (a) Department of...

  9. 22 CFR 9b.5 - Temporary Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Temporary Department of State press building passes. 9b.5 Section 9b.5 ...REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.5 Temporary Department of State press building passes. A media...

  10. 22 CFR 9b.5 - Temporary Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Temporary Department of State press building passes. 9b.5 Section 9b.5 ...REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.5 Temporary Department of State press building passes. A media...

  11. 22 CFR 9b.5 - Temporary Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Temporary Department of State press building passes. 9b.5 Section 9b.5 ...REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.5 Temporary Department of State press building passes. A media...

  12. 22 CFR 9b.8 - Term and renewal of Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...renewal of Department of State press building passes. 9b.8 Section 9b.8...GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.8 Term and renewal of Department of State press building passes. (a) Department of...

  13. 22 CFR 9b.5 - Temporary Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Temporary Department of State press building passes. 9b.5 Section 9b.5 ...REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.5 Temporary Department of State press building passes. A media...

  14. 22 CFR 9b.4 - Department of State building press pass for technical crews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 false Department of State building press pass for technical crews. 9b...REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.4 Department of State building press pass for technical crews....

  15. 22 CFR 9b.8 - Term and renewal of Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...renewal of Department of State press building passes. 9b.8 Section 9b.8...GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.8 Term and renewal of Department of State press building passes. (a) Department of...

  16. 22 CFR 9b.4 - Department of State building press pass for technical crews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 false Department of State building press pass for technical crews. 9b...REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.4 Department of State building press pass for technical crews....

  17. 22 CFR 9b.4 - Department of State building press pass for technical crews.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 false Department of State building press pass for technical crews. 9b...REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.4 Department of State building press pass for technical crews....

  18. 22 CFR 9b.5 - Temporary Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Temporary Department of State press building passes. 9b.5 Section 9b.5 ...REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.5 Temporary Department of State press building passes. A media...

  19. 22 CFR 9b.8 - Term and renewal of Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...renewal of Department of State press building passes. 9b.8 Section 9b.8...GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.8 Term and renewal of Department of State press building passes. (a) Department of...

  20. 6. Historic American Buildings Survey From California State Library Sacramento, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Historic American Buildings Survey From California State Library Sacramento, California Original: Ante 1860 Re-photo: February 1940 VIEW FROM SOUTHEAST - Mission San Carlos Borromeo, Rio Road & Lausen Drive, Carmel-by-the-Sea, Monterey County, CA

  1. 32. Historic American Buildings Survey From California State Library Sacramento, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    32. Historic American Buildings Survey From California State Library Sacramento, California Original: Re-photo: February 1940 DETAIL OF ENTRANCE (East Elevation) - Mission San Carlos Borromeo, Rio Road & Lausen Drive, Carmel-by-the-Sea, Monterey County, CA

  2. 33. Historic American Buildings Survey From California State Library Sacramento, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    33. Historic American Buildings Survey From California State Library Sacramento, California Original: 1860's Re-photo: February 1940 INTERIOR OF CHURCH BEFORE RESTORATION - Mission San Carlos Borromeo, Rio Road & Lausen Drive, Carmel-by-the-Sea, Monterey County, CA

  3. 8. Historic American Buildings Survey Illinois State Historical Library, Photographer ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic American Buildings Survey Illinois State Historical Library, Photographer SECOND FLOOR HALL LOOKING SOUTH INTO STUDY - David Davis Mansion, Monroe & Davis Streets, Bloomington, McLean County, IL

  4. Building Gifted Education: One State at a Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jolly, Jennifer L.

    2014-01-01

    The "Marland" Report was the impetus and structure to provide a more systematic approach to building state and regional gifted programs. One of the strategies used to proliferate the spread of programming for gifted students throughout the states was the National/State Leadership Training Institute on the Gifted and Talented…

  5. Code of Regulations State of California

    E-print Network

    . Natural Resources Division 2. Department of Conservation Chapter 2. Implementation of The California State of California Title 14. Natural Resources Division 2. Department of Conservation #12;#12;i TABLE, Regulation, and Conservation of Oil and Gas Resources (includes Subchapter 4. Statewide Geothermal

  6. The Evergreen State College BUILDING EVACUATION PLAN

    E-print Network

    SYSTEM OR ON-SCENE EMERGENCY RESPONDERS. If the fire alarm is sounding, it is unsafe to re to evacuate, follow the instructions below. DO NOT USE THE ELEVATORS! When the fire alarm sounds, immediately instructions. DO NOT RE-ENTER BUILDINGS UNTIL THE FIRE ALARM IS TURNED OFF OR UNTIL NOTIFIED BY THE VOICE ALERT

  7. Building Code Compliance and Enforcement: The Experience of SanFrancisco's Residential Energy Conservation Ordinanace and California'sBuildign Standards for New Construction

    SciTech Connect

    Vine, E.

    1990-11-01

    As part of Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory's (LBL) technical assistance to the Sustainable City Project, compliance and enforcement activities related to local and state building codes for existing and new construction were evaluated in two case studies. The analysis of the City of San Francisco's Residential Energy Conservation Ordinance (RECO) showed that a limited, prescriptive energy conservation ordinance for existing residential construction can be enforced relatively easily with little administrative costs, and that compliance with such ordinances can be quite high. Compliance with the code was facilitated by extensive publicity, an informed public concerned with the cost of energy and knowledgeable about energy efficiency, the threat of punishment (Order of Abatement), the use of private inspectors, and training workshops for City and private inspectors. The analysis of California's Title 24 Standards for new residential and commercial construction showed that enforcement of this type of code for many climate zones is more complex and requires extensive administrative support for education and training of inspectors, architects, engineers, and builders. Under this code, prescriptive and performance approaches for compliance are permitted, resulting in the demand for alternative methods of enforcement: technical assistance, plan review, field inspection, and computer analysis. In contrast to existing construction, building design and new materials and construction practices are of critical importance in new construction, creating a need for extensive technical assistance and extensive interaction between enforcement personnel and the building community. Compliance problems associated with building design and installation did occur in both residential and nonresidential buildings. Because statewide codes are enforced by local officials, these problems may increase over time as energy standards change and become more complex and as other standards (eg, health and safety codes) remain a higher priority. The California Energy Commission realizes that code enforcement by itself is insufficient and expects that additional educational and technical assistance efforts (eg, manuals, training programs, and toll-free telephone lines) will ameliorate these problems.

  8. Analysis of Potential Benefits and Costs of Adopting ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2001 as the Commercial Building Energy Code in Tennessee

    SciTech Connect

    Cort, Katherine A.; Winiarski, David W.; Belzer, David B.; Richman, Eric E.

    2004-09-30

    ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2001 Energy Standard for Buildings except Low-Rise Residential Buildings (hereafter referred to as ASHRAE 90.1-2001 or 90.1-2001) was developed in an effort to set minimum requirements for the energy efficient design and construction of new commercial buildings. The State of Tennessee is considering adopting ASHRAE 90.1-2001 as its commercial building energy code. In an effort to evaluate whether or not this is an appropriate code for the state, the potential benefits and costs of adopting this standard are considered in this report. Both qualitative and quantitative benefits and costs are assessed. Energy and economic impacts are estimated using the Building Loads Analysis and System Thermodynamics (BLAST) simulations combined with a Life-Cycle Cost (LCC) approach to assess corresponding economic costs and benefits. Tennessee currently has ASHRAE Standard 90A-1980 as the statewide voluntary/recommended commercial energy standard; however, it is up to the local jurisdiction to adopt this code. Because 90A-1980 is the recommended standard, many of the requirements of ASHRAE 90A-1980 were used as a baseline for simulations.

  9. Barriers to Implementation of Performance Based Engineering: Lessons from the Tennessee 2003 International Building Code Hearings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven Burns; Ann Bostrom

    This study of the Tennessee 2003 International Building Code (IBC2003) hearings identifies potential barriers to seismic mitigation activities such as the application of performance and consequence based engineering. Seismic mitigation in Mid-America is of interest because earthquakes in this region are low-probability, high-consequence events; past research shows difficulties in implementing mitigation efforts for such events. Toulmin argument analysis of the

  10. On Local Equivalence, Surface Code States and Matroids

    E-print Network

    Pradeep Sarvepalli; Robert Raussendorf

    2010-04-05

    Recently, Ji et al disproved the LU-LC conjecture and showed that the local unitary and local Clifford equivalence classes of the stabilizer states are not always the same. Despite the fact this settles the LU-LC conjecture, a sufficient condition for stabilizer states that violate the LU-LC conjecture is missing. In this paper, we investigate further the properties of stabilizer states with respect to local equivalence. Our first result shows that there exist infinitely many stabilizer states which violate the LU-LC conjecture. In particular, we show that for all numbers of qubits $n\\geq 28$, there exist distance two stabilizer states which are counterexamples to the LU-LC conjecture. We prove that for all odd $n\\geq 195$, there exist stabilizer states with distance greater than two which are LU equivalent but not LC equivalent. Two important classes of stabilizer states that are of great interest in quantum computation are the cluster states and stabilizer states of the surface codes. To date, the status of these states with respect to the LU-LC conjecture was not studied. We show that, under some minimal restrictions, both these classes of states preclude any counterexamples. In this context, we also show that the associated surface codes do not have any encoded non-Clifford transversal gates. We characterize the CSS surface code states in terms of a class of minor closed binary matroids. In addition to making connection with an important open problem in binary matroid theory, this characterization does in some cases provide an efficient test for CSS states that are not counterexamples.

  11. Local equivalence, surface-code states, and matroids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sarvepalli, Pradeep; Raussendorf, Robert

    2010-08-01

    Recently, Ji disproved the local-unitary-local Clifford (LU-LC) conjecture and showed that the local unitary (LU) and local Clifford (LC) equivalence classes of the stabilizer states are not always the same. Despite the fact that this settles the LU-LC conjecture, a sufficient condition for stabilizer states that violate the LU-LC conjecture is not known. In this paper, we investigate further the properties of stabilizer states with respect to local equivalence. Our first result shows that there exist infinitely many stabilizer states that violate the LU-LC conjecture. In particular, we show that for all numbers of qubits n?28, there exist distance-two stabilizer states which are counterexamples to the LU-LC conjecture. We prove that, for all odd n?195, there exist stabilizer states with distance greater than two that are LU equivalent but not LC equivalent. Two important classes of stabilizer states that are of great interest in quantum computation are the cluster states and stabilizer states of the surface codes. We show that, under some minimal restrictions, both these classes of states preclude any counterexamples. In this context, we also show that the associated surface codes do not have any encoded non-Clifford transversal gates. We characterize the Calderbank-Shor-Steane (CSS) surface-code states in terms of a class of minor closed binary matroids. In addition to making a connection to an important open problem in binary matroid theory, this characterization does in some cases provide an efficient test for CSS states that are not counterexamples.

  12. Local equivalence, surface-code states, and matroids

    SciTech Connect

    Sarvepalli, Pradeep; Raussendorf, Robert [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1 (Canada)

    2010-08-15

    Recently, Ji et al. disproved the local-unitary-local Clifford (LU-LC) conjecture and showed that the local unitary (LU) and local Clifford (LC) equivalence classes of the stabilizer states are not always the same. Despite the fact that this settles the LU-LC conjecture, a sufficient condition for stabilizer states that violate the LU-LC conjecture is not known. In this paper, we investigate further the properties of stabilizer states with respect to local equivalence. Our first result shows that there exist infinitely many stabilizer states that violate the LU-LC conjecture. In particular, we show that for all numbers of qubits n{>=}28, there exist distance-two stabilizer states which are counterexamples to the LU-LC conjecture. We prove that, for all odd n{>=}195, there exist stabilizer states with distance greater than two that are LU equivalent but not LC equivalent. Two important classes of stabilizer states that are of great interest in quantum computation are the cluster states and stabilizer states of the surface codes. We show that, under some minimal restrictions, both these classes of states preclude any counterexamples. In this context, we also show that the associated surface codes do not have any encoded non-Clifford transversal gates. We characterize the Calderbank-Shor-Steane (CSS) surface-code states in terms of a class of minor closed binary matroids. In addition to making a connection to an important open problem in binary matroid theory, this characterization does in some cases provide an efficient test for CSS states that are not counterexamples.

  13. 12. Former evacuees' barracks building, now located on State Highway ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. Former evacuees' barracks building, now located on State Highway 139 approximately 3 miles southeast of the Tule Lake Project side; view to south, 90 mm lens. - Tule Lake Project Jail, Post Mile 44.85, State Route 139, Newell, Modoc County, CA

  14. Commercial Energy Code Enforcement in Oregon and Washington 

    E-print Network

    Johnson, M.; Miller, W.; O'Neill, M.

    1988-01-01

    In recent years, many states and local jurisdictions have passed mandatory building codes to achieve energy efficiency in new construction. All too often the political bodies that pass these codes assume that because it's the law, new buildings...

  15. Fundamental period of Italian reinforced concrete buildings: comparison between numerical, experimental and Italian code simplified values

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ditommaso, Rocco; Carlo Ponzo, Felice; Auletta, Gianluca; Iacovino, Chiara; Nigro, Antonella

    2015-04-01

    Aim of this study is a comparison among the fundamental period of reinforced concrete buildings evaluated using the simplified approach proposed by the Italian Seismic code (NTC 2008), numerical models and real values retrieved from an experimental campaign performed on several buildings located in Basilicata region (Italy). With the intention of proposing simplified relationships to evaluate the fundamental period of reinforced concrete buildings, scientists and engineers performed several numerical and experimental campaigns, on different structures all around the world, to calibrate different kind of formulas. Most of formulas retrieved from both numerical and experimental analyses provides vibration periods smaller than those suggested by the Italian seismic code. However, it is well known that the fundamental period of a structure play a key role in the correct evaluation of the spectral acceleration for seismic static analyses. Generally, simplified approaches impose the use of safety factors greater than those related to in depth nonlinear analyses with the aim to cover possible unexpected uncertainties. Using the simplified formula proposed by the Italian seismic code the fundamental period is quite higher than fundamental periods experimentally evaluated on real structures, with the consequence that the spectral acceleration adopted in the seismic static analysis may be significantly different than real spectral acceleration. This approach could produces a decreasing in safety factors obtained using linear and nonlinear seismic static analyses. Finally, the authors suggest a possible update of the Italian seismic code formula for the simplified estimation of the fundamental period of vibration of existing RC buildings, taking into account both elastic and inelastic structural behaviour and the interaction between structural and non-structural elements. Acknowledgements This study was partially funded by the Italian Civil Protection Department within the project DPC-RELUIS 2014 - RS4 ''Seismic observatory of structures and health monitoring''. References R. Ditommaso, M. Vona, M. R. Gallipoli and M. Mucciarelli (2013). Evaluation and considerations about fundamental periods of damaged reinforced concrete buildings. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 1903-1912, 2013. www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/13/1903/2013. doi:10.5194/nhess-13-1903-2013

  16. NASA Lewis steady-state heat pipe code users manual

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tower, Leonard K.; Baker, Karl W.; Marks, Timothy S.

    1992-01-01

    The NASA Lewis heat pipe code was developed to predict the performance of heat pipes in the steady state. The code can be used as a design tool on a personal computer or with a suitable calling routine, as a subroutine for a mainframe radiator code. A variety of wick structures, including a user input option, can be used. Heat pipes with multiple evaporators, condensers, and adiabatic sections in series and with wick structures that differ among sections can be modeled. Several working fluids can be chosen, including potassium, sodium, and lithium, for which monomer-dimer equilibrium is considered. The code incorporates a vapor flow algorithm that treats compressibility and axially varying heat input. This code facilitates the determination of heat pipe operating temperatures and heat pipe limits that may be encountered at the specified heat input and environment temperature. Data are input to the computer through a user-interactive input subroutine. Output, such as liquid and vapor pressures and temperatures, is printed at equally spaced axial positions along the pipe as determined by the user.

  17. NASA Lewis steady-state heat pipe code users manual

    SciTech Connect

    Tower, L.K. [Sverdrup Technology, Inc., Brook Park, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center Group; Baker, K.W. [National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Cleveland, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center; Marks, T.S. [Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States)

    1992-06-01

    The NASA Lewis heat pipe code has been developed to predict the performance of heat pipes in the steady state. The code can be used as a design tool on a personal computer or, with a suitable calling routine, as a subroutine for a mainframe radiator code. A variety of wick structures, including a user input option, can be used. Heat pipes with multiple evaporators, condensers, and adiabatic sections in series and with wick structures that differ among sections can be modeled. Several working fluids can be chosen, including potassium, sodium, and lithium, for which the monomer-dimer equilibrium is considered. The code incorporates a vapor flow algorithm that treats compressibility and axially varying heat input. This code facilitates the determination of heat pipe operating temperatures and heat pipe limits that may be encountered at the specified heat input and environment temperature. Data are input to the computer through a user-interactive input subroutine. Output, such as liquid and vapor pressures and temperatures, is printed at equally spaced axial positions along the pipe as determined by the user.

  18. Model Code for the Control of Residential HVAC Distribution System Leakage and HVAC-Induced Building Leakage 

    E-print Network

    Wemhoff, P.

    1990-01-01

    of air egress from closeable rooms are absent. The model duct construction element presented here contains all of the standards, definitions and code language needed to replace the current duct construction element of the local or state code. The content...

  19. Summary of GTD computer codes developed at the Ohio State University

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Burnside, W. D.; Rudduck, R. C.; Marhefka, R. J.

    1980-01-01

    This paper briefly describes three user-oriented computer codes developed at the Ohio State University ElectroScience Laboratory: namely, the On-Aircraft Antenna Code, the Basic Scattering Code, and the Reflector Antenna Code. Each code uses the Geometrical Theory of Diffraction (GTD). An example is used to describe the basic GTD approach for all three codes. A brief description is given for each code which includes sample results compared to measurements.

  20. Capacity-building activities in the Arab States.

    PubMed

    El Sioufi, M

    1996-03-01

    The UN Centre for Human Settlements (UNCHS) (Habitat) Training and Capacity-Building Section has been active in several of the Arab States. Beginning in 1995, Belgium funded a 3-year project, "Localising Agenda 21: Action Planning for Sustainable Urban Development," in Essaouira, Morocco. A local team was established, and an Action Planning Consultation Workshop was held in January 1996. Local participants, Belgian experts, and the UNCHS Training and Capacity-Building Section attended the workshop, the goal of which was to guide the town in achieving sustainable development. The experiences from this project will be disseminated throughout the region. In Egypt, the Training and Capacity Building Section has initiated the "Sustainable Ismailia Project," a training program, which may be expanded nationally, for locally elected leadership. The Egyptian government will be responsible for the majority of the implementation funding; training materials are being prepared, and training should begin in 1996. The Palestinian Authority (Gaza Strip), Jordan, Mauritania, and Yemen have requested capacity-building programs. The "Urban Settlements and Management Programme" has requested a training program for Somalia after the country stabilizes. "A Regional Capacity-Building Programme" is being designed for national training institutions in the Arab States; the program will focus on the training of trainers, urban managers, and elected leadership. UNCHS training materials and handbooks are being translated into Arabic. This training was requested by Member States during the 15th session of the Commission on Human Settlements. PMID:12293488

  1. Structural irregularity: A comparative analysis of the differences between dynamic analysis and the uniform building code

    SciTech Connect

    Burdick, R.B.

    1987-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of varying mass and stiffness parameters in framed structures of uniform geometry. Although mass variations were explored, the fact that the UBC design forces are distributed independently of the structures stiffness caused the emphasis of this study to be focused on stiffness variations. This study discusses Normal Mode Analysis techniques. This chapter briefly addresses the theory used in the writing of the Dynamic Analysis Program (DAP). The code calculates story forces and shears, participation factors and base shears to be used in comparisons with UBC design forces. This report also discusses: Response Spectrum Analysis methods; discusses the Uniform Building Code; and the results from the shear distribution comparisons.

  2. Analysis of Code-Compliant Construction in Texas Based on Texas Building Energy Performance Standards (TBEPS)

    E-print Network

    Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J.C.; Kim, H.; Yazdani, B.; Haberl, J.

    2013-01-01

    ESL-IC-13-10-03 1 Analysis of Code-Compliant Construction in Texas Based on Texas Building Energy Performance Standards (TBEPS) Hyojin Kim1 Jaya Mukhopadhyay Juan-Carlos Baltazar Research Engineering Associate Research Engineering... cooling EIR calculation model are available in Kim et al (2013). 7 A mechanical ventilation system is required to be installed for the houses that have an air infiltration rate less than 5 ACH50 per Section R403.5 of 2012 IECC and Section R 303...

  3. A Plastic Temporal Brain Code for Conscious State Generation

    PubMed Central

    Dresp-Langley, Birgitta; Durup, Jean

    2009-01-01

    Consciousness is known to be limited in processing capacity and often described in terms of a unique processing stream across a single dimension: time. In this paper, we discuss a purely temporal pattern code, functionally decoupled from spatial signals, for conscious state generation in the brain. Arguments in favour of such a code include Dehaene et al.'s long-distance reverberation postulate, Ramachandran's remapping hypothesis, evidence for a temporal coherence index and coincidence detectors, and Grossberg's Adaptive Resonance Theory. A time-bin resonance model is developed, where temporal signatures of conscious states are generated on the basis of signal reverberation across large distances in highly plastic neural circuits. The temporal signatures are delivered by neural activity patterns which, beyond a certain statistical threshold, activate, maintain, and terminate a conscious brain state like a bar code would activate, maintain, or inactivate the electronic locks of a safe. Such temporal resonance would reflect a higher level of neural processing, independent from sensorial or perceptual brain mechanisms. PMID:19644552

  4. Going Beyond a RESNET Certification for Code-Compliant Simulations: A Comparison of Detailed Results of Three RESNET-Certified, Code-Compliant Residential Simulation Programs 

    E-print Network

    Liu, Z.; Kim, H.; Malhotra, M.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Montgomery, C.

    2010-01-01

    In many states building code officials rely on certified, code-compliant simulations to determine whether or not a residence satisfies the energy code requirements using a performance-path analysis. In the United States, certification of residential...

  5. Capacity building for rural development in the United States

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Murray; Larry Dunn

    1995-01-01

    Rural development in the United States places considerable weight upon the contribution of leadership in small communities to bring about local regeneration. This effort draws upon the theory and practice of capacity building processes. The application of this approach is examined through the experience of the Colorado Rural Revitalisation Project which was initiated in 1988 as a collaborative venture between

  6. High Performance “Reach” Codes 

    E-print Network

    Edelson, J.

    2011-01-01

    Jim Edelson New Buildings Institute A Growing Role for Codes and Stretch Codes in Utility Programs Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency November 9, 2011 ESL-KT-11-11-39 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 New Buildings Institute ESL..., Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 ?31? Flavors of Codes ? Building Codes Construction Codes Energy Codes Stretch or Reach Energy Codes Above-code programs Green or Sustainability Codes Model Codes ?Existing Building? Codes Outcome-Based Codes ESL-KT-11...

  7. Building Content Owned Bldg # Account No. Building/Property Name Location City Value Value by State Year Built Sq Ft

    E-print Network

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Building Content Owned Bldg # Account No. Building/Property Name Location City Value Value by State 48 3027 25-26-GC284-000 AGY GIN BUILDING SNOWS MILL RD WATKINSVILLE 12500 0 Y 1960 8300 3028 25-26-GC

  8. New Site Coefficients and Site Classification System Used in Recent Building Seismic Code Provisions

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Dobry, R.; Borcherdt, R.D.; Crouse, C.B.; Idriss, I.M.; Joyner, W.B.; Martin, G.R.; Power, M.S.; Rinne, E.E.; Seed, R.B.

    2000-01-01

    Recent code provisions for buildings and other structures (1994 and 1997 NEHRP Provisions, 1997 UBC) have adopted new site amplification factors and a new procedure for site classification. Two amplitude-dependent site amplification factors are specified: Fa for short periods and Fv for longer periods. Previous codes included only a long period factor S and did not provide for a short period amplification factor. The new site classification system is based on definitions of five site classes in terms of a representative average shear wave velocity to a depth of 30 m (V?? s). This definition permits sites to be classified unambiguously. When the shear wave velocity is not available, other soil properties such as standard penetration resistance or undrained shear strength can be used. The new site classes denoted by letters A - E, replace site classes in previous codes denoted by S1 - S4. Site classes A and B correspond to hard rock and rock, Site Class C corresponds to soft rock and very stiff / very dense soil, and Site Classes D and E correspond to stiff soil and soft soil. A sixth site class, F, is defined for soils requiring site-specific evaluations. Both Fa and Fv are functions of the site class, and also of the level of seismic hazard on rock, defined by parameters such as Aa and Av (1994 NEHRP Provisions), Ss and S1 (1997 NEHRP Provisions) or Z (1997 UBC). The values of Fa and Fv decrease as the seismic hazard on rock increases due to soil nonlinearity. The greatest impact of the new factors Fa and Fv as compared with the old S factors occurs in areas of low-to-medium seismic hazard. This paper summarizes the new site provisions, explains the basis for them, and discusses ongoing studies of site amplification in recent earthquakes that may influence future code developments.

  9. Recommendations for 15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures on Implementing Houston Amendments to Single-Family Residential Buildings in Houston Texas

    E-print Network

    Mukhopadhyay, J.; Liu, Z.; Malhotra, M.; Kota, S.; Blake, S.; Haberl, J.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.

    This paper presents information about the energy saving potential for single-family residential buildings in Houston, Texas that are designed to be 15% above code. The energy efficient measures discussed in this paper were proposed by the building...

  10. Simple scheme for encoding and decoding a qubit in unknown state for various topological codes

    E-print Network

    Justyna ?odyga; Pawe? Mazurek; Andrzej Grudka; Micha? Horodecki

    2014-11-29

    We present a scheme for encoding and decoding an unknown state for CSS codes, based on syndrome measurements. We illustrate our method by means of Kitaev toric code, defected-lattice code, topological subsystem code and Haah 3D code. The protocol is local whenever in a given code the crossings between the logical operators consist of next neighbour pairs, which holds for the above codes. For subsystem code we also present scheme in a noisy case, where we allow for bit and phase-flip errors on qubits as well as state preparation and syndrome measurement errors. Similar scheme can be built for two other codes. We show that the fidelity of the protected qubit in the noisy scenario in a large code size limit is of $1-\\mathcal{O}(p)$, where $p$ is a probability of error on a single qubit. Regarding Haah code we provide noiseless scheme, leaving the noisy case as an open problem.

  11. Completion of a public domain life cycle cost code: documentation and validation of the Building Innovations Economic Analysis (BIEA) code

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. M. Flanagan; D. M. Hamblin; B. Jr. Thomas

    1985-01-01

    In the past, economic analysis of innovative building design options has not included considerations of the tax environments appropriate for different decision makers the possible existence of innovative utility rate structures including such things as time-of-day rates, the possibilities for sale and resale of power, and multiple decision criteria for comparing alternative building investments. A Building Innovations Economic Analysis (BIEA)

  12. Probabilistic seismic hazard map for Bulgaria as a basis for a new building code

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simeonova, S. D.; Solakov, D. E.; Leydecker, G.; Busche, H.; Schmitt, T.; Kaiser, D.

    2006-10-01

    A seismic hazard map proposed as part of a new building code for Bulgaria is presented here on basis of the recommendations in EUROCODE 8. Seismic source zones within an area of about 200 km around Bulgaria were constructed considering seismicity, neotectonic and geological development. The most time consuming work was to establish a homogeneous earthquake catalogue out of different catalogues. The probabilistic seismic hazard assessment in terms of intensities is performed following Cornell (1968) with the program EQRISK (see McGuire, 1976), modified by us for use of intensities. To cope with the irregular isoseismals of the Vrancea intermediate depth earthquakes a special attenuation factor is introduced (Ardeleanu et al., 2005), using detailed macroseismic maps of three major earthquakes. The final seismic hazard is the combination of both contributions, of zones with crustal earthquakes and of the Vrancea intermediate depth earthquakes zone. Calculations are done for recurrence periods of 95, 475 and 10 000 years.

  13. Study of controlled dense coding with some discrete tripartite and quadripartite states

    E-print Network

    Sovik Roy; Biplab Ghosh

    2015-06-11

    The paper presents the detailed study of controlled dense coding scheme for different types of $3$ and $4-$ particle states. It consists of GHZ state, GHZ type states, Maximal Slice state, Four particle GHZ state and W class of states. It is shown that GHZ-type states can be used for controlled dense coding in a probabilistic sense. We have shown relations among parameter of GHZ type state, concurrence of the shared bipartite state by two parties with respect to GHZ type and Charlie's measurement angle $\\theta$. We have seen that tripartite W state and quadripartite W state cannot be used in controlled dense coding whereas $\\vert W_{n}\\rangle_{ABC}$ states can be used probabilistically. Finally, we have investigated controlled dense coding scheme for tripartite qutrit states.

  14. Feedback Codes and Action Plans: Building the Capacity of First-Year Students to Apply Feedback to a Scientific Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bird, Fiona L.; Yucel, Robyn

    2015-01-01

    Effective feedback can build self-assessment skills in students so that they become more competent and confident to identify and self-correct weaknesses in their work. In this study, we trialled a feedback code as part of an integrated programme of formative and summative assessment tasks, which provided feedback to first-year students on their…

  15. Forty-Percent Savings and Beyond: Recent Advances in Code Implementation and Development of SuperEfficient Buildings in Russia and Its Neighbors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yurij A. Matrosov; Cliff Majersik

    The Russian Federation, the Republic of Kazakhstan, and Ukraine continue to make important advances in implementation of energy codes, market transformation, and design innovation in the building sector. Since 2003 Kazakhstan and other CIS1 countries have been explicitly following Russia's lead in moving to adopt and implement energy-saving building codes. This paper begins by summarizing new developments, including passage and

  16. Joint China-United States Report for Year 1 Insulation Materials and Systems Project Area Clean Energy Research Center Building Energy Efficiency (CERC-BEE)

    SciTech Connect

    Stovall, Therese K [ORNL; Biswas, Kaushik [ORNL; Song, Bo [China Academy of Building Research; Zhang, Sisi [China Academy of Building Research

    2012-08-01

    In November of 2009, the presidents of China and the U.S. announced the establishment of the Clean Energy Research Center (CERC). This broad research effort is co-funded by both countries and involves a large number of research centers and universities in both countries. One part of this program is focused on improving the energy efficiency of buildings. One portion of the CERC-BEE was focused on building insulation systems. The research objective of this effort was to Identify and investigate candidate high performance fire resistant building insulation technologies that meet the goal of building code compliance for exterior wall applications in green buildings in multiple climate zones. A Joint Work Plan was established between researchers at the China Academy of Building Research and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Efforts in the first year under this plan focused on information gathering. The objective of this research program is to reduce building energy use in China via improved building insulation technology. In cold regions in China, residents often use inefficient heating systems to provide a minimal comfort level within inefficient buildings. In warmer regions, air conditioning has not been commonly used. As living standards rise, energy consumption in these regions will increase dramatically unless significant improvements are made in building energy performance. Previous efforts that defined the current state of the built environment in China and in the U.S. will be used in this research. In countries around the world, building improvements have typically followed the implementation of more stringent building codes. There have been several changes in building codes in both the U.S. and China within the last few years. New U.S. building codes have increased the amount of wall insulation required in new buildings. New government statements from multiple agencies in China have recently changed the requirements for buildings in terms of energy efficiency and fire safety. A related issue is the degree to which new standards are adopted and enforced. In the U.S., standards are developed using a consensus process, and local government agencies are free to implement these standards or to ignore them. For example, some U.S. states are still using 2003 versions of the building efficiency standards. There is also a great variation in the degree to which the locally adopted standards are enforced in different U.S. cities and states. With a more central process in China, these issues are different, but possible impacts of variable enforcement efficacy may also exist. Therefore, current building codes in China will be compared to the current state of building fire-safety and energy-efficiency codes in the U.S. and areas for possible improvements in both countries will be explored. In particular, the focus of the applications in China will be on green buildings. The terminology of 'green buildings' has different meanings to different audiences. The U.S. research is interested in both new, green buildings, and on retrofitting existing inefficient buildings. An initial effort will be made to clarify the scope of the pertinent wall insulation systems for these applications.

  17. Improving Building Construction Specifications in State and Local Governments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1980-01-01

    State and local governments can benefit from master specifications systems that centralize data on all types of building materials, products, and processes. Most of these systems are organized according to the MASTERFORMAT system, which, along with guide specifications that require the insertion or deletion of standardized information, resulted from the specific needs of users and providers. For jurisdictions preparing their own specifications, staff time and cost are reduced. For those subcontracting the preparation, master specifications provide a means of evaluating the specifications submitted. Current management specification systems described include SPECINTACT, OMSPEC, MASTERPEC, and the NAVFAC, Corps of Engineers, and GSA guide specifications.

  18. Computer Code for Calculating Matrix Elements and Overlaps of States for the Generalized Seniority Scheme via Recurrence Relations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cai, Ke; Caprio, Mark; Luo, Fengqiao

    2010-11-01

    The generalized seniority approximation provides a truncation scheme for the nuclear shell model based on building the states of the nucleus from nucleon pairs. We developed a computer code to calculate matrix elements of one-body and two-body operators between generalized seniority states and overlaps of these states based on a set of recurrence relations. The main steps in our implementation of the computer code consisted of: (1) Developing an object-oriented framework for storing information on generalized seniority states; (2) Applying the symmetries of the problem and caching intermediate results to avoid repeated calculations; (3) Performing extensive validations. The code can be used to calculate matrix elements of operators of physical interest, e.g., the Hamiltonian and electromagnetic transition operators. Planned applications of the code include testing the structure of nucleon pairs and studying the mapping of shell model onto the Interacting Boson Model. Supported by the US DOE under grant DE-FG02-95ER-40934.

  19. NBC 9.25.1.2.: The On-Going Development of Building Code Requirements to Address Low Air and Vapour Permeance Materials

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Adaire Chown; Phalguni Mukhopadhyaya

    Part 9 of the National Building Code (NBC) provides, in Article 9.25.1.2., requirements that identify where low air and vapour permeance materials can be located in building envelope assemblies depending on the position of the thermal insulation in the assembly and the climate at the building site. The provisions to be included in the 2005 NBC have evolved over many

  20. Getting to Fifty: Moving Towards Low-Energy Commercial Buildings in the United States

    E-print Network

    Frankel, M.; Hewitt, D.; Egnor, T.

    Getting to Fifty: Moving Towards Low-Energy Commercial Buildings In the United States Mark Frankel Dave Hewitt Terry Egnor Technical Director Executive Director Senior Consultant New Buildings Institute Vancouver, Washington, USA...

  1. Comparative Study on Code-based Linear Evaluation of an Existing RC Building Damaged during 1998 Adana-Ceyhan Earthquake

    SciTech Connect

    Toprak, A. Emre; Guelay, F. Guelten [Istanbul Technical University, Department of Civil Eng., Maslak, Istanbul, 34469 (Turkey); Ruge, Peter [Technische Universitaet Dresden, Institut fuer Statik und Dynamik der Tragwerke, Dresden, 01062 (Germany)

    2008-07-08

    Determination of seismic performance of existing buildings has become one of the key concepts in structural analysis topics after recent earthquakes (i.e. Izmit and Duzce Earthquakes in 1999, Kobe Earthquake in 1995 and Northridge Earthquake in 1994). Considering the need for precise assessment tools to determine seismic performance level, most of earthquake hazardous countries try to include performance based assessment in their seismic codes. Recently, Turkish Earthquake Code 2007 (TEC'07), which was put into effect in March 2007, also introduced linear and non-linear assessment procedures to be applied prior to building retrofitting. In this paper, a comparative study is performed on the code-based seismic assessment of RC buildings with linear static methods of analysis, selecting an existing RC building. The basic principles dealing the procedure of seismic performance evaluations for existing RC buildings according to Eurocode 8 and TEC'07 will be outlined and compared. Then the procedure is applied to a real case study building is selected which is exposed to 1998 Adana-Ceyhan Earthquake in Turkey, the seismic action of Ms = 6.3 with a maximum ground acceleration of 0.28 g It is a six-storey RC residential building with a total of 14.65 m height, composed of orthogonal frames, symmetrical in y direction and it does not have any significant structural irregularities. The rectangular shaped planar dimensions are 16.40 mx7.80 m = 127.90 m{sup 2} with five spans in x and two spans in y directions. It was reported that the building had been moderately damaged during the 1998 earthquake and retrofitting process was suggested by the authorities with adding shear-walls to the system. The computations show that the performing methods of analysis with linear approaches using either Eurocode 8 or TEC'07 independently produce similar performance levels of collapse for the critical storey of the structure. The computed base shear value according to Eurocode is much higher than the requirements of the Turkish Earthquake Code while the selected ground conditions represent the same characteristics. The main reason is that the ordinate of the horizontal elastic response spectrum for Eurocode 8 is increased by the soil factor. In TEC'07 force-based linear assessment, the seismic demands at cross-sections are to be checked with residual moment capacities; however, the chord rotations of primary ductile elements must be checked for Eurocode safety verifications. On the other hand, the demand curvatures from linear methods of analysis of Eurocode 8 together with TEC'07 are almost similar.

  2. Impact of building technology, state and community programs on United States employment and wage income

    SciTech Connect

    Scott, M.J.; Hostick, D.J.; Elliott, D.B.; Schultz, R.W.

    1998-04-01

    As part of measuring the impact of government programs on improving the energy efficiency of the nation`s building stock, the Department of Energy Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) is interested in assessing the economic impacts of its portfolio of programs, specifically the potential impact on national employment and income. This assessment is being done for the first time in FY99 as a supplement to the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA--formerly, Quality Metrics) estimates of primary energy savings and environmental and direct financial benefits of the BTS programs. The programmatic needs of BTS suggest that a simple, flexible, user-friendly method is needed to derive national employment and income impacts of individual BTS programs. Therefore, BTS funded Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to develop a special-purpose version of the Impact Analysis for Planning (IMPLAN) national input-output model (Minnesota IMPLAN Group, Inc. 1997) specifically to estimate the employment and income effects of building energy technologies. The special-purpose version of the IMPLAN model used in this study is called ImBuild. Extensive documentation and a user`s guide are provided in Scott et al. (1998). Compared with simple economic multiplier approaches, such as the published multipliers from the Department of Commerce Regional Input-Output Modeling System (RIMS 2), ImBuild allows for more complete and automated analysis of the economic impacts of energy efficiency investments in buildings. ImBuild is also easier to use than existing macroeconomic simulation models. In this report, the authors use the ImBuild model to calculate the impact of all 32 BTS programs reported in the BTS GPRA Metrics Estimates, FY99 Budget Request, December 19, 1997.

  3. OREGONSTATEUNIVERSITY(OSU) WOMEN'S BUILDING

    E-print Network

    Escher, Christine

    requirements in state and federal building codes. SZS intends to provide the information in this report OREGONSTATEUNIVERSITY(OSU) WOMEN'S BUILDING ADA ASSESSMENT & SURVEY #12; Sacramento Office 770 L Corvallis, OR 97331-2128 Re: ADA Accessibility Survey and Assessment ­ Women's Building Dear Angelo, We

  4. Impact of the Level of State Tax Code Progressivity on Children's Health Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Granruth, Laura Brierton; Shields, Joseph J.

    2011-01-01

    This research study examines the impact of the level of state tax code progressivity on selected children's health outcomes. Specifically, it examines the degree to which a state's tax code ranking along the progressive-regressive continuum relates to percentage of low birthweight babies, infant and child mortality rates, and percentage of…

  5. Permutation codes for the state assignment of fault tolerant sequential machines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chen, M.; Trachtenberg, E. A.

    1991-01-01

    A new fault-tolerant state assignment method is suggested for synchronous sequential machines. It is assumed that the inputs are fault free and that for no input it is possible to reach all or most of the states, whose number may be fairly large. Error correcting codes for the state assignment are generated by permutations of a chosen linear code. A state assignment algorithm is developed and its computational complexity is estimated. Examples are given.

  6. Build a speaker Ohio State University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering July 2011

    E-print Network

    Anderson, Betty Lise

    Build a speaker Ohio State University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering July and electromagnetic fields, and put them to work to create a speaker. #12;Build a speaker Ohio State University Ohio State University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering July 2011 3 Figure 3

  7. A blind dual color images watermarking based on IWT and state coding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Su, Qingtang; Niu, Yugang; Liu, Xianxi; Zhu, Yu

    2012-04-01

    In this paper, a state-coding based blind watermarking algorithm is proposed to embed color image watermark to color host image. The technique of state coding, which makes the state code of data set be equal to the hiding watermark information, is introduced in this paper. When embedding watermark, using Integer Wavelet Transform (IWT) and the rules of state coding, these components, R, G and B, of color image watermark are embedded to these components, Y, Cr and Cb, of color host image. Moreover, the rules of state coding are also used to extract watermark from the watermarked image without resorting to the original watermark or original host image. Experimental results show that the proposed watermarking algorithm cannot only meet the demand on invisibility and robustness of the watermark, but also have well performance compared with other proposed methods considered in this work.

  8. The Improved 4-PSK 4-State Space-Time Trellis Code with Two Transmit Antennas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin, Ik Soo

    Space-time coding is a powerful technique to improve the error performance of wireless communications systems by using multiple transmit antenna. In this paper, a new 4-PSK 4-state space-time trellis codes (STTCs) with two transmit antennas for slow fading channels is presented by improving the design parameters of the code. From the simulation results, it is shown that new code is superior to the TSC code and the BBH code by about 0.2 dB at a BER of 10- 4 over slow Rayleigh fading channels, about 0.4~1.3 dB over slow Rician fading channels. Moreover, it is also shown that new code with Gray mapping can be obtained gains by about 0.1~0.6 dB while keeping the complexity almost the same as the code with natural mapping.

  9. Stephen F. Austin State University Parking SFA BUILDING LEGEND

    E-print Network

    Long, Nicholas

    OODCREST CRESTVIEW DR RAGUETST CLARKBLVD WETTERMARK ST E COLLEGE ST HAYTER ST BLOUNT ST LLOYD ST E 18. EDUCATION BUILDING (ROBERT T. MCKIBBEN) 41. HALL 20 64. SCIENCE BUILDING (E. L. MILLER) 87. VISITOR INFORMATION CENTER 19. FERGUSON BUILDING 42. H.P.E. COMPLEX (LUCILLE NORTON) 65. SFA THEATRE 88

  10. A Comparison of the 2003 and 2006 International Energy Conservation Codes to Determine the Potential Impact on Residential Building Energy Efficiency

    SciTech Connect

    Stovall, Therese K [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL

    2008-03-01

    The IECC was updated in 2006. As required in the Energy Conservation and Production Act of 1992, Title 3, DOE has a legislative requirement to "determine whether such revision would improve energy efficiency in residential buildings" within 12 months of the latest revision. This requirement is part of a three-year cycle of regular code updates. To meet this requirement, an independent review was completed using personnel experienced in building science but not involved in the code development process.

  11. Resilience to increasing temperatures: residential building stock adaptation through codes and standards

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marta Gangolells; Miquel Casals

    2012-01-01

    The resilience of the current Spanish residential building stock to increased temperatures is modelled. Homogenized daily temperature data recorded at 50 Spanish meteorological stations for the periods 1950–1979 and 1981–2010 were used to investigate anticipated climate warming on the Spanish residential building stock by means of the degree-day method. Impacts on residential buildings were investigated for three different future time

  12. Page 1 of 24 Environment Health & Safety, Building Code Enforcement Program

    E-print Network

    Wu, Dapeng Oliver

    , including, without limitation, electronic, optical, mechanical or any other means whatsoever, is expressly of every building or structure or any appurtenances connected or attached to such buildings or structures, stability, sanitation, adequate light and ventilation, energy conservation, and safety to life and property

  13. Analysis of the Impact of Using Improved Multi-Layer Window Models for Code-Compliant Residential Building Energy Simulation in Texas 

    E-print Network

    Choi, Jong-Hyo

    2014-12-23

    and cooling energy use, and peak heating and cooling loads for identical code-compliant houses using the two different window models. In addition, such differences become larger as the building energy code improves, from the IECC 2009 to the IECC 2012...

  14. A steady state analysis code for prediction of behavior in loop heat pipes 

    E-print Network

    Hamm, Trenton Allen

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of this work is to prepare an analysis raphics. code for the prediction of Loop Heat Pipe (LHP) behavior in steady-state operation. The FORTRAN program is then benchmarked with experimental data obtained in two ...

  15. Performance Analysis of Block Codes over Finite-state Channels in Delay-sensitive Communications 

    E-print Network

    Hamidi Sepehr, Fatemeh

    2014-01-22

    understand the fundamental limits of forward error correction in non-asymptotic regimes. This dissertation seeks to characterize the performance of block codes over finite-state channels with memory and also evaluate their queueing performance under different...

  16. Equation of state, occupation probabilities and conductivities in the average atom Purgatorio code

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. A. Sterne; S. B. Hansen; B. G. Wilson; W. A. Isaacs

    2007-01-01

    We report on recent developments with the Purgatorio code, a new implementation of Liberman's Inferno model. This fully relativistic average atom code uses phase shift tracking and an efficient refinement scheme to provide an accurate description of continuum states. The resulting equations of state accurately represent the atomic shell-related features which are absent in Thomas–Fermi-based approaches. We discuss various representations

  17. Equation of state, occupation probabilities and conductivities in the average atom Purgatorio code

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. A. Sterne; S. B. Hansen; B. G. Wilson; W. A. Isaacs

    2007-01-01

    We report on recent developments with the Purgatorio code, a new implementation of Liberman's Inferno model. This fully relativistic average atom code uses phase shift tracking and an efficient refinement scheme to provide an accurate description of continuum states. The resulting equations of state accurately represent the atomic shell-related features which are absent in Thomas-Fermi-based approaches. We discuss various representations

  18. Analysis of improved fenestration for code-compliant residential buildings in hot and humid climates 

    E-print Network

    Mukhopadhyay, Jaya

    2006-10-30

    .2 simulation program to assess accurate fenestration performance. The thesis also investigates the use of optimal glazing types, which, for future applications, could be specified in the code to reduce annual net energy consumption to zero. Results show...

  19. Annotated Code of Maryland Education Article: Title 16, Community Colleges [and] Code of Maryland Regulations: Title 13C, State Board for Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Board for Community Colleges, Annapolis.

    The state law applicable to Maryland community colleges and the code of regulations governing those colleges are presented in this report. Part I presents Title 16 of the annotated code of Maryland which applies to the state's community colleges. This provision includes five sub-titles which cover: (1) the establishment, composition, officers,…

  20. Large Hospital Buildings in the United States in 2007

    EIA Publications

    2012-01-01

    Hospitals consume large amounts of energy because of how they are run and the many people that use them. They are open 24 hours a day; thousands of employees, patients, and visitors occupy the buildings daily; and sophisticated heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems control the temperatures and air flow. In addition, many energy intensive activities occur in these buildings: laundry, medical and lab equipment use, sterilization, computer and server use, food service, and refrigeration.

  1. Washington State Department of Transportation energy efficiency guidelines for small buildings

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    This document provides energy efficiency guidelines for the construction and remodel of small buildings owned by the Washington State Department of Transportation (DOT). For the purpose of these guidelines {open_quotes}small buildings{close_quotes} are defined as those under 25,000 square feet. However, many of the guidelines can also be used for larger buildings. DOT is responsible for 641 buildings totaling 2.2 million square feet and consuming approximately $1,087,500 dollars in energy costs each year. Building types covered by these guidelines are small offices, shop buildings, and heated and unheated storage. These building types can be expected to vary greatly in both the distribution and magnitude of energy use.

  2. Lessons Learned from Continuous Commissioning of the Robert E. Johnson State Office Building, Austin, TX

    E-print Network

    Bynum, J.; Claridge, D. E.

    2008-09-22

    ESL-TR-08-08-03 Lessons Learned from Continuous Commissioning ® of the Robert E. Johnson State Office Building, Austin, TX Submitted to Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory By David Claridge, Ph.D., P.E. John Bynum Energy....5% annual lighting energy savings or 5.6% annual whole building energy savings based on a DOE-2 simulation analysis. Three main lessons were learned from the experience with the Robert E. Johnson building: • The traditional design...

  3. On quantum coding for ensembles of mixed states

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Howard Barnum; Carlton M. Caves; Christopher A. Fuchs; Richard Jozsa; Benjamin W. Schumacher

    2001-01-01

    We consider the problem of optimal asymptotically faithful compression for ensembles of mixed quantum states. Although the optimal rate is unknown, we prove upper and lower bounds and describe a series of illustrative examples of compression of mixed states. We also discuss a classical analogue of the problem.

  4. 22 CFR 9b.7 - Procedures for denial, revocation, or non-renewal of Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...non-renewal of Department of State press building passes. 9b.7 Section 9b.7 ...REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.7 Procedures for...non-renewal of Department of State press building passes. (a) If the...

  5. 22 CFR 9b.7 - Procedures for denial, revocation, or non-renewal of Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...non-renewal of Department of State press building passes. 9b.7 Section 9b.7 ...REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.7 Procedures for...non-renewal of Department of State press building passes. (a) If the...

  6. 22 CFR 9b.6 - Grounds for denial, revocation, or non-renewal of Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...non-renewal of Department of State press building passes. 9b.6 Section 9b.6 ...REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.6 Grounds for denial...non-renewal of Department of State press building passes. In consultation with...

  7. 22 CFR 9b.7 - Procedures for denial, revocation, or non-renewal of Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...non-renewal of Department of State press building passes. 9b.7 Section 9b.7 ...REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.7 Procedures for...non-renewal of Department of State press building passes. (a) If the...

  8. 22 CFR 9b.7 - Procedures for denial, revocation, or non-renewal of Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...non-renewal of Department of State press building passes. 9b.7 Section 9b.7 ...REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.7 Procedures for...non-renewal of Department of State press building passes. (a) If the...

  9. 22 CFR 9b.7 - Procedures for denial, revocation, or non-renewal of Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...non-renewal of Department of State press building passes. 9b.7 Section 9b.7 ...REGULATIONS GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF STATE PRESS BUILDING PASSES § 9b.7 Procedures for...non-renewal of Department of State press building passes. (a) If the...

  10. VIRGINIA TECH 250 Student Services Building

    E-print Network

    Buehrer, R. Michael

    VIRGINIA TECH 250 Student Services Building Office of the University Registrar Mail Code 0134 Phone: (540) 231-6252 Blacksburg, VA 24061 2/11/2003 ELIGIBILITY FOR VIRGINIA IN-STATE TUITION PRIVILEGES by §23-7.4 of the Code of Virginia. The provisions of §23-7.4 of the Code of Virginia are set forth

  11. Implementation of standard quantum error-correction codes for solid-state qubits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tanamoto, Tetsufumi

    2013-12-01

    In quantum error-correcting code (QECC), many quantum operations and measurements are necessary to correct errors in logical qubits. In the stabilizer formalism, which is widely used in QECC, generators Gi(i=1,2,...) consist of multiples of Pauli matrices and perform encoding, decoding, and measurement. In order to maintain encoding states, the stabilizer Hamiltonian Hstab=-?iGi is suitable because its ground state corresponds to the code space. On the other hand, Hamiltonians of most solid-state qubits have two-body interactions and show their own dynamics. In addition solid-state qubits are fixed on substrate and qubit-qubit operation is restricted in their neighborhood. The main purpose of this paper is to show how to directly generate the stabilizer Hamiltonian Hstab from conventional two-body Hamiltonians with Ising interaction and XY interaction by applying a pulse control method such as an NMR technique. We show that generation times of Hstab for nine-qubit code, five-qubit code, and Steane code are estimated to be less than 300 ns when typical experimental data of superconducting qubits are used, and sufficient pulse control is assumed. We also show how to prepare encoded states from an initial state |0,...,0>. In addition, we discuss an appropriate arrangement of two- or three-dimensional arrayed qubits.

  12. Comparison of building energy use data between the United States and China

    SciTech Connect

    Xia , Jianjun; Hong , Tianzhen; Shen, Qi; Feng , Wei; Yang, Le; Im , Piljae; Lu, Alison; Bhandari , Mahabir

    2013-10-30

    Buildings in the United States and China consumed 41percent and 28percent of the total primary energy in 2011, respectively. Good energy data are the cornerstone to understanding building energy performance and supporting research, design, operation, and policy making for low energy buildings. This paper presents initial outcomes from a joint research project under the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center for Building Energy Efficiency. The goal is to decode the driving forces behind the discrepancy of building energy use between the two countries; identify gaps and deficiencies of current building energy monitoring, data collection, and analysis; and create knowledge and tools to collect and analyze good building energy data to provide valuable and actionable information for key stakeholders. This paper first reviews and compares several popular existing building energy monitoring systems in both countries. Next a standard energy data model is presented. A detailed, measured building energy data comparison was conducted for a few office buildings in both countries. Finally issues of data collection, quality, sharing, and analysis methods are discussed. It was found that buildings in both countries performed very differently, had potential for deep energy retrofit, but that different efficiency measures should apply.

  13. Recommendations for 2009 IECC 15% Above Code Energy Efficiency Measures for Residential Buildings 

    E-print Network

    Kim, H.; Liu, Z.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Montgomery, C.

    2010-01-01

    : Climate Zone 2, 3, and 4, and the 2009 IECC code-compliance base-case models were constructed for each climate zone. Two options based on the choice of heating fuel type were considered: (a) natural gas (gas-fired furnace for space heating, and gas water...

  14. Comparison of SISEC code simulations with earthquake data of ordinary and base-isolated buildings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Y. Wang; J. Gvildys

    1991-01-01

    Seismic isolation is gaining attention worldwide for use in a wide spectrum of structures and critical facilities, including bridges, office buildings, hospitals, computing and telecommunication centers, as well as nuclear facilities. Today there are over 125 structures worldwide which are isolated and the numbers have been increasing steadily in the past few years. Also, substantial research efforts have been devoted

  15. Efficient context-dependent model building based on clustering posterior distributions for non-coding sequences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guy Baele; Yves Van de Peer; Stijn Vansteelandt

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Many recent studies that relax the assumption of independent evolution of sites have done so at the expense of a drastic increase in the number of substitution parameters. While additional parameters cannot be avoided to model context-dependent evolution, a large increase in model dimensionality is only justified when accompanied with careful model-building strategies that guard against overfitting. An increased

  16. A Tool for Optimizing the Build Performance of Large Software Code Bases Alexandru Telea

    E-print Network

    Telea, Alexandru C.

    : whenever a header file is modified, all the source, library, and executable files which depend, directly Analyzer provides direct feedback on the build cost when a given source or header file changes, letting source and header files kept in a CM/Synergy repository, and also the system head- ers (e.g. stdio

  17. 3 CFR - Delegation of Reporting Functions Specified in Section 491 of Title 10, United State Code

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including section 301 of title 3 of the United States Code, I hereby delegate to you the reporting functions conferred upon the...

  18. Bandera: extracting finite-state models from Java source code

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James C. Corbett; Matthew B. Dwyer; John Hatcliff; Shawn Laubach; C. S. Pasareanu; Robby; Hongjun Zheng

    2000-01-01

    Finite-state verification techniques, such as model checking, have shown promise as a cost-effective means for finding defects in hardware designs. To date, the application of these techniques to software has been hindered by several obstacles. Chief among these is the problem of constructing a finite-state model that approximates the executable behavior of the software system of interest. Current best-practice involves

  19. [ HIGH PERFORMANCE BUILDING STANDARD] STATE OF MONTANA HIGH PERFORMANCE BUILDING STANDARDS

    E-print Network

    Dyer, Bill

    with the intent of Construction Activity Pollution Prevention (LEED SS Prerequisite 1). Reduce pollution from with the intent of Light Pollution Prevention (LEED Credit SS 8). Minimize light trespass from the building, reducing or eliminating pollution from stormwater runoff and eliminating contaminants. E. Comply

  20. The limits of state building : the politics of war and the ideology of peace

    E-print Network

    Radin, Andrew M. (Andrew Marc)

    2012-01-01

    When can the international community build strong state institutions - such as security forces or electoral institutions - in post-conflict societies? An influential technical perspective argues that authority, resources, ...

  1. 11 CFR 100.84 - Office building for State, local, or district party committees or organizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    A donation made to a non-Federal account of a State, local, or district party committee or organization in accordance with 11 CFR 300.35 for the purchase or construction of an office building is not a...

  2. A State Regulatory Perspective; New Building, Old Motors, and Marginal Electricity Generation

    E-print Network

    Treadway, N.

    1987-01-01

    ABSTRACT A STATE REGULATORY PERSPECTIVE; NEW BUILDINGS, OLD MOTORS, AND MARGINAL ELECTRICITY GENERATION NAT TREADWAY Economist Public Utility Commission of Texas Electricity consumption in Texas is expected to grow at 3.2 percent annually...

  3. An Application of State-Of-The-Art HVAC and Building Systems 

    E-print Network

    Fiorino, D. P.

    1988-01-01

    This case study describes the successful application of state-of-the-art HVAC and building systems at a large commercial office and industrial facility. The facility's exterior envelope systems, HVAC systems, lighting ...

  4. On the optimum bit orders with respect to the state complexity of trellis diagrams for binary linear codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kasami, Tadao; Takata, Toyoo; Fujiwara, Toru; Lin, Shu

    1993-01-01

    It was shown earlier that for a punctured Reed-Muller (RM) code or a primitive BCH code, which contains a punctured RM code of the same minimum distance as a large subcode, the state complexity of the minimal trellis diagram is much greater than that for an equivalent code obtained by a proper permutation on the bit positions. To find a permutation on the bit positions for a given code that minimizes the state complexity of its minimal trellis diagram is an interesting and challenging problem. This permutation problem is related to the generalized Hamming weight hierarchy of a code, and is shown that for RM codes, the standard binary order of bit positions is optimum at every bit position with respect to the state complexity of a minimal trellis diagram by using a theorem due to Wei. The state complexity of trellis diagram for the extended and permuted (64, 24) BCH code is discussed.

  5. 3-D TECATE/BREW: Thermal, stress, and birefringent ray-tracing codes for solid-state laser design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gelinas, R. J.; Doss, S. K.; Nelson, R. G.

    1994-07-01

    This report describes the physics, code formulations, and numerics that are used in the TECATE (totally Eulerian code for anisotropic thermo-elasticity) and BREW (birefringent ray-tracing of electromagnetic waves) codes for laser design. These codes resolve thermal, stress, and birefringent optical effects in 3-D stationary solid-state systems. This suite of three constituent codes is a package referred to as LASRPAK.

  6. 3-D TECATE/BREW: Thermal, stress, and birefringent ray-tracing codes for solid-state laser design

    SciTech Connect

    Gelinas, R.J.; Doss, S.K.; Nelson, R.G.

    1994-07-20

    This report describes the physics, code formulations, and numerics that are used in the TECATE (totally Eulerian code for anisotropic thermo-elasticity) and BREW (birefringent ray-tracing of electromagnetic waves) codes for laser design. These codes resolve thermal, stress, and birefringent optical effects in 3-D stationary solid-state systems. This suite of three constituent codes is a package referred to as LASRPAK.

  7. User's manual for PANDA: a computer code for calculating equations of state

    SciTech Connect

    Kerley, G.I.

    1981-11-01

    PANDA is an interactive computer code that constructs equations of state (EOS) for materials over a wide range of densities and temperatures. It provides several options for such contributions to the EOS as the cold curve, lattice vibrations, fluid degrees of freedom, electronic excitations, and intramolecular vibration and rotation. The user enters parameters that define the EOS and makes calculations to test and study the model. The code generates standard Sesame EOS tables that can be read in to other codes or added to a data library for applications.

  8. Impact of the level of state tax code progressivity on children's health outcomes.

    PubMed

    Granruth, Laura Brierton; Shields, Joseph J

    2011-08-01

    This research study examines the impact of the level of state tax code progressivity on selected children's health outcomes. Specifically, it examines the degree to which a state's tax code ranking along the progressive-regressive continuum relates to percentage of low birthweight babies, infant and child mortality rates, and percentage of uninsured children. Using data merged from a number of public data sets, the authors find that the level of state tax code progressivity is a factor in state rates of infant and child mortality. States with lower median incomes and regressive tax policies have the highest rates of infant and child mortality.With regard to the percentage of children 17 years of age and below who lack health insurance, it is found that larger states with regressive tax policies have the largest percentage of uninsured children. In general, more heavily populated states with more progressive tax codes have healthier children. The implications of these findings are discussed in terms of tax policy and the well-being of children as well as for social work education, social work practice, and social work research. PMID:21936334

  9. Analysis of improved fenestration for code-compliant residential buildings in hot and humid climates

    E-print Network

    Mukhopadhyay, Jaya

    2006-10-30

    -efficient fenestration products for residential buildings in both heating and cooling climates. Prominent among these options is the emergence of low-E coatings which are usually ultra-thin, heat-reflecting, metalized optical coatings applied to one or more surfaces.....................................................................................31 Figure 5.1 Solar radiation incident on vertical surface for January 14, March 20 and August 9 .............55 Figure 5.2 Transmittance properties for selected glazing...

  10. Detailed application of a technology for the formulation and expression of standards applicable to the American National Standard Building Code requirements for minimum design loads in buildings and other structures (ANSI A58.1-1972)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. K. Cunningham; J. W. Melin; R. L. Tavis

    1978-01-01

    This investigation applies decision-table and information-network technology in the analysis of the American National Standard Building Code Requirements for Minimum Design Loads in Building and Other Structures (ANSI A58.1-1972). Part 1 summarizes the logic and technology available for decision-table and information-network analysis. It also sets down a rationale for the attempt to apply this logic at the requisite level of

  11. Do Merit-Aid Programs Help States Build Skilled Workforces?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Groen, Jeffrey A.

    2011-01-01

    One of the major developments in financing undergraduate education in the United States in the past 20 years has been the introduction of broad-based merit-aid programs by state governments. The typical program waives tuition and fees at public colleges and universities for state residents who have attained a respectable grade-point average…

  12. Building Stone of the United States: The NIST Test Wall

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jaime Raz

    This report explains how the NIST test wall was constructed to study the performance and durability of various building stones under uniform climatic conditions. It was built by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in 1948 and is currently located at their facility in Gaithersburg, Maryland. Users may read and see pictures of the wall's physical features, its orientation, and search among descriptions and pictures of the various types of stone which are incorporated into the wall.

  13. On the Use of Shor States for the [7,1,3] Quantum Error Correcting Code

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weinstein, Yaakov; Buchbinder, Sidney

    2012-02-01

    We explore the effect of Shor state construction methods on logical state encoding and quantum error correction for the [7,1,3] Calderbank-Shor-Steane quantum error correction code in a nonequiprobable error environment. We determine the optimum number of verification steps to be used in Shor state construction and whether Shor states without verification are usable for practical quantum computation. These results are compared to the same processes of encoding and error correction where Shor states are not used. We demonstrate that the construction of logical zero states with no first order error terms may not require the complete edifice of quantum fault tolerance. With respect to error correction, we show for a particular initial state that error correction using a single qubit for syndrome measurement yields a similar output state accuracy to error correction using Shor states as syndrome qubits. In addition, we demonstrate that error correction with Shor states has an inherent sensitivity to bit-flip errors.

  14. On the Use of Shor States for the [7,1,3] Quantum Error Correcting Code

    E-print Network

    Weinstein, Yaakov S

    2011-01-01

    We explore the effect of Shor state construction methods on logical state encoding and quantum error correction for the [7,1,3] Calderbank-Shor-Steane quantum error correction code in a nonequiprobable error environment. We determine the optimum number of verification steps to be used in Shor state construction and whether Shor states without verification are usable for practical quantum computation. These results are compared to the same processes of encoding and error correction where Shor states are not used. We demonstrate that the construction of logical zero states with no first order error terms may not require the complete edifice of quantum fault tolerance. With respect to error correction, we show for a particular initial state that error correction using a single qubit for syndrome measurement yields a similar output state accuracy to error correction using Shor states as syndrome qubits. In addition, we demonstrate that error correction with Shor states has an inherent sensitivity to bit-flip erro...

  15. Analysis of Potential Benefits and Costs of Adopting ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999 as a Commercial Building Energy Code in Illinois Jurisdictions

    SciTech Connect

    Belzer, David B.; Cort, Katherine A.; Winiarski, David W.; Richman, Eric E.; Friedrich, Michele

    2002-05-01

    ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999 was developed in an effort to set minimum requirements for energy efficienty design and construction of new commercial buildings. This report assesses the benefits and costs of adopting this standard as the building energy code in Illinois. Energy and economic impacts are estimated using BLAST combined with a Life-Cycle Cost approach to assess corresponding economic costs and benefits.

  16. Analysis of the Impact of Using Improved Multi-Layer Window Models for Code-Compliant Residential Building Energy Simulation in Texas

    E-print Network

    Choi, Jong-Hyo

    2014-12-23

    , Klems and Keller (1987) measured numerous window types including Low-E glazing under real weather conditions at different conditions. 10 Sullivan and Selkowitz conducted additional research on residential building heating and cooling energy... ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF USING IMPROVED MULTI-LAYER WINDOW MODELS FOR CODE-COMPLIANT RESIDENTIAL BUILDING ENERGY SIMULATION IN TEXAS A Thesis by JONG-HYO CHOI Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas...

  17. Equation of State, Occupation Probabilities and Conductivities in the Average Atom Purgatorio Code

    SciTech Connect

    Sterne, P

    2006-12-22

    We report on recent developments with the Purgatorio code, a new implementation of Liberman's Inferno model. This fully relativistic average atom code uses phase shift tracking and an efficient refinement scheme to provide an accurate description of continuum states. The resulting equations of state accurately represent the atomic shell-related features which are absent in Thomas-Fermi-based approaches. We discuss various representations of the exchange potential and some of the ambiguities in the choice of the effective charge Z* in average atom models, both of which affect predictions of electrical conductivities and radiative properties.

  18. Continuous-variable dense coding via a general Gaussian state: Monogamy relation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Jaehak; Ji, Se-Wan; Park, Jiyong; Nha, Hyunchul

    2014-08-01

    We study a continuous-variable dense coding protocol, originally proposed to employ a two-mode squeezed state, using a general two-mode Gaussian state as a quantum channel. We particularly obtain conditions to manifest quantum advantage by beating two well-known single-mode schemes, namely, the squeezed-state scheme (best Gaussian scheme) and the number-state scheme (optimal scheme achieving the Holevo bound). We then extend our study to a multipartite Gaussian state and investigate the monogamy of operational entanglement measured by the communication capacity under the dense coding protocol. We show that this operational entanglement represents a strict monogamy relation, by means of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle among different parties; i.e., the quantum advantage for communication can be possible for only one pair of two-mode systems among many parties.

  19. Establishment of a Beta Test Center for the NPARC Code at Central State University

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Okhio, Cyril B.

    1996-01-01

    Central State University has received a supplementary award to purchase computer workstations for the NPARC (National Propulsion Ames Research Center) computational fluid dynamics code BETA Test Center. The computational code has also been acquired for installation on the workstations. The acquisition of this code is an initial step for CSU in joining an alliance composed of NASA, AEDC, The Aerospace Industry, and academia. A post-Doctoral research Fellow from a neighboring university will assist the PI in preparing a template for Tutorial documents for the BETA test center. The major objective of the alliance is to establish a national applications-oriented CFD capability, centered on the NPARC code. By joining the alliance, the BETA test center at CSU will allow the PI, as well as undergraduate and post-graduate students to test the capability of the NPARC code in predicting the physics of aerodynamic/geometric configurations that are of interest to the alliance. Currently, CSU is developing a once a year, hands-on conference/workshop based upon the experience acquired from running other codes similar to the NPARC code in the first year of this grant.

  20. STATE OF CALIFORNIA -NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-print Network

    a comparison of the energy saving impacts of residential and nonresidential building energy efficiency measures for the state's 2008 and 2013 Building Energy Efficiency Standards (Title 24, Part 6, California Code SACRAMENTO, CA 95814-551 2 www.energy.ca.gov Buildings Technologies Program Building Energy Codes Program

  1. Is there a need for state health department sanitary codes for public hydrotherapy and swimming pools?

    PubMed

    Zura, R D; Gröschel, D H; Becker, D G; Hwang, J C; Edlich, R F

    1990-01-01

    The Board of Health of the Commonwealth of Virginia has an outdated sanitary code for its public hydrotherapy and swimming pools. The code is restricted to pools in hotels and other lodging places. The absence of modern regulations for public hydrotherapy and swimming pools has permitted serious deficiencies in pool maintenance, which are highlighted in this report. The most notable of these deficiencies was the presence of high levels of bacterial contamination that could predispose to infect in the water of one public hot tub. The results of this study indicate that the Virginia Board of Health sanitary code for pool water must be revised immediately and should include all public hydrotherapy and swimming pools. Other states and communities may want to assess their codes for swimming pools and hydrotherapy tubs to avoid deficiencies that could be detrimental to public health. PMID:2335553

  2. Energy Use and Design Options for Texas State Buildings 

    E-print Network

    Katipamula, S.; O'Neal, D. L.

    1988-01-01

    - bilitation Commission, Warehouse Facility and Records and Storage). The studies were made using the DOE 2.IB computer program. The weather data used for the simulations was Typical Meterological Year (TMY) based on the period from 1953 to 1975 for Austin... options are shown in Table 5. Table 5 - Comparison of EUI For TYC/TRC Building with Various Options. WAREHOUSE FACILITY The Warehouse facility of the Human Services center complex is a proposed facility to be located in Austin, Texas. The annual energy use...

  3. State-based Modeling of Buildings and Facilities 

    E-print Network

    Fisch, M.N.; Pinkernell, C.; Look, M.; Plesser, S.; Rumpe, B.

    2011-01-01

    to an intelligent monitoring. DIN EN ISO 16484 proposes a method to describe functional requirements in an easy to understand way. We extended its use of state machines to our proposed concept of state based modeling. This proved to be a wholesome approach to easily...

  4. State-based Modeling of Buildings and Facilities

    E-print Network

    Fisch, M.N.; Pinkernell, C.; Look, M.; Plesser, S.; Rumpe, B.

    2011-01-01

    to an intelligent monitoring. DIN EN ISO 16484 proposes a method to describe functional requirements in an easy to understand way. We extended its use of state machines to our proposed concept of state based modeling. This proved to be a wholesome approach to easily...

  5. Appendices of an appraisal for the use of geothermal energy in state-owned buildings in Colorado. Section A. Alamosa

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. T. Meyer; B. A. Coe; J. D. Dick

    1981-01-01

    Two state-owned building complexes have been evaluated within the city of Alamosa: Adams State College and the State Highway Department Buildings. The resource assessment in dicates that 150°F may be available at flow rates of 1000 gpm per well, depths of 4000 feet, and possibly under Artesian pressure. Two building retrofit engineering options are evaluated for Adams State College, both

  6. 15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures for Commercial Buildings in Texas 

    E-print Network

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.

    2007-01-01

    TRAVIS HAYS BASTROP CALDWELL Description of Individual Measures A Envelope and Fenestration Measures 1 Glazing U Factor (1.22 to 0.45 Btu/hr-sf-F) 13.2% $9,512 3.1% $502 $10,014 $95,130 - $174,150 2 Lighting Load (1.3 to 1.0 w/sq-ft) 6.5% $16,417 10...-attainment and affected counties (all) Non-attainment and affected counties (corresponding to the table) Description of Combined Measures to Achieve 15% Above Code Savings 1 Glazing U Factor (1.22 to 0.45 Btu/hr-sf-F) $95,130 - $174,150 2 Lighting Load (1.3 to 1.0 w...

  7. Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Kansas City, Missouri

    SciTech Connect

    Lucas, Robert G.

    2011-09-30

    The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the 2006 IECC. The notable changes are: (1) Improved duct sealing verified by testing the duct system; (2) Increased duct insulation; (3) Improvement of window U-factors from 0.40 to 0.35; and (4) Efficient lighting requirements. An analysis of these changes resulted in estimated annual energy cost savings of about $145 a year for an average new house. Construction cost increases are estimated at $655. Home owners will experience an annual cost savings of close to $100 a year because reduction to energy bills will more than compensate for increased mortgage payments and other costs.

  8. School Mental Health: The Impact of State and Local Capacity-Building Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stephan, Sharon; Paternite, Carl; Grimm, Lindsey; Hurwitz, Laura

    2014-01-01

    Despite a growing number of collaborative partnerships between schools and community-based organizations to expand school mental health (SMH) service capacity in the United States, there have been relatively few systematic initiatives focused on key strategies for large-scale SMH capacity building with state and local education systems. Based on a…

  9. Illinois state buildings energy expense study, FY 87 and projected FY 88-90

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1988-01-01

    During FY 87 the State of Illinois spent more than $113 million for electricity, natural gas, coal, fuel oil, propane and steam to operate state-owned and -leased buildings. Over the next three years it is projected that this will increase to $130 million in FY90 due to increasing fuel costs. Although some of this cost growth could be eliminated by

  10. Illinois state buildings energy-expense study FY86 and projected FY87-90

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1987-01-01

    During FY86 the State of Illinois spent almost $120 million for electricity, natural gas, coal, fuel oil, propane and steam to operate state-owned and leased buildings. Over the next four years it is projected that this will increase to $134 million in FY90 due to increasing fuel costs. Although some of this cost growth could be eliminated by upgrading plants

  11. For Immediate Release AUBMC inaugurates Sawwaf building, home to state-of-the-art

    E-print Network

    Shihadeh, Alan

    For Immediate Release AUBMC inaugurates Sawwaf building, home to state-of-the-art medical on Clemenceau Street, the new four-story facility and state-of-the-art PET/CT Unit with its high-tech diagnostic in Architecture in Islamic Societies and the Saudi Binladin Group Scholarship for students of the Faculty

  12. A Step-by-step Process to Build Conform UML Protocol State Machines

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A Step-by-step Process to Build Conform UML Protocol State Machines Arnaud Lanoix LORIA ­ CNRS relation proposed in UML 2.0, in- spired from the work on formal methods as the specification refinement of these changes in terms of lost, added or changed global behaviors. UML 2.0 [22] introduces protocol state

  13. Experimental demonstration of a graph state quantum error-correction code.

    PubMed

    Bell, B A; Herrera-Martí, D A; Tame, M S; Markham, D; Wadsworth, W J; Rarity, J G

    2014-01-01

    Scalable quantum computing and communication requires the protection of quantum information from the detrimental effects of decoherence and noise. Previous work tackling this problem has relied on the original circuit model for quantum computing. However, recently a family of entangled resources known as graph states has emerged as a versatile alternative for protecting quantum information. Depending on the graph's structure, errors can be detected and corrected in an efficient way using measurement-based techniques. Here we report an experimental demonstration of error correction using a graph state code. We use an all-optical setup to encode quantum information into photons representing a four-qubit graph state. We are able to reliably detect errors and correct against qubit loss. The graph we realize is setup independent, thus it could be employed in other physical settings. Our results show that graph state codes are a promising approach for achieving scalable quantum information processing. PMID:24752224

  14. Experimental demonstration of a graph state quantum error-correction code

    E-print Network

    B. A. Bell; D. A. Herrera-Martí; M. S. Tame; D. Markham; W. J. Wadsworth; J. G. Rarity

    2014-04-22

    Scalable quantum computing and communication requires the protection of quantum information from the detrimental effects of decoherence and noise. Previous work tackling this problem has relied on the original circuit model for quantum computing. However, recently a family of entangled resources known as graph states has emerged as a versatile alternative for protecting quantum information. Depending on the graph's structure, errors can be detected and corrected in an efficient way using measurement-based techniques. In this article we report an experimental demonstration of error correction using a graph state code. We have used an all-optical setup to encode quantum information into photons representing a four-qubit graph state. We are able to reliably detect errors and correct against qubit loss. The graph we have realized is setup independent, thus it could be employed in other physical settings. Our results show that graph state codes are a promising approach for achieving scalable quantum information processing.

  15. Time-Based Capabilities of Occupants to Escape Fires in Public Buildings: A Review of Code Provisions and Technical Literature. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stahl, Fred I.; And Others

    Available technical literature pertaining to exit facility design and emergency escape provisions of the National Fire Protection Association's "Life Safety Code" (1976 Edition) are reviewed in order to determine the technical support for such provisions. The report focuses on the time-based capabilities of building occupants to effect rapid…

  16. VALIDATION OF THE eCALC COMMERCIAL CODE-COMPLIANT SIMULATION VERSUS MEASURED DATA FROM AN OFFICE BUILDING IN A HOT AND HUMID CLIMATE 

    E-print Network

    Cho, S.; Haberl, J.

    2008-01-01

    This paper compares the results of a calibrated simulation of a case-study building versus simulation using the web-based eCALC code-compliant commercial simulation program (Haberl et al., 2004). Previously, as-built calibrated simulation results...

  17. Module Title: Solid state and ultrafast lasers Module Code: OPTO6002

    E-print Network

    Anderson, Jim

    1 Module Title: Solid state and ultrafast lasers Module Code: OPTO6002 Core's about 13 a week over the 12 week semester) Pre-requisites PHYS3005 `lasers' Module Coordinator xxxxxxxx@orc.soton.ac.uk Is the module be subject to external accreditation? No If yes, by which body/bodies? N/A Description Laser

  18. Spotlight on Speech Codes 2007: The State of Free Speech on Our Nation's Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (NJ1), 2007

    2007-01-01

    Last year, the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (FIRE) conducted its first-ever comprehensive study of restrictions on speech at America's colleges and universities, "Spotlight on Speech Codes 2006: The State of Free Speech on our Nation's Campuses." In light of the essentiality of free expression to a truly liberal education, its…

  19. Aerospace design optimization using a steady state real-coded genetic algorithm

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John D. Dyer; Roy J. Hartfield; Gerry V. Dozier; John E. Burkhalter

    This study demonstrates the advantages of using a real coded genetic algorithm (GA) for aerospace engineering design applications. The GA developed for this study runs steady state, meaning that after every function evaluation the worst performer is determined and that worst performer is then thrown out and replaced by a new member that has been evaluated. The new member is

  20. Decline of forest area in Sabah, Malaysia: Relationship to state policies, land code and land capability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julia McMorrow; Mustapa Abdul Talip

    2001-01-01

    Forest decline in Sabah has resulted from state policies operating within the federal context. Approximately two-thirds of Sabah's natural forest remains but estimates vary with the data source. Logging and shifting cultivation have degraded forest quality but commercial estate agriculture, especially oil palm, is now the major cause of forest loss, aided by Sabah's land tenure code and the ethnic

  1. User's manual for PANDA: a computer code for calculating equations of state

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kerley

    1981-01-01

    PANDA is an interactive computer code that constructs equations of state (EOS) for materials over a wide range of densities and temperatures. It provides several options for such contributions to the EOS as the cold curve, lattice vibrations, fluid degrees of freedom, electronic excitations, and intramolecular vibration and rotation. The user enters parameters that define the EOS and makes calculations

  2. Building Security Requirements Using State Transition Diagram at Security Threat Location

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Seong Chae Seo; Jin Ho You; Young Dae Kim; Jun Yong Choi; Sang Jun Lee; Byung Ki Kim

    2005-01-01

    \\u000a The security requirements in the software life cycle has received some attention recently. However, it is not yet clear how\\u000a to build security requirements. This paper describes and illustrates a process to build application specific security requirements\\u000a from state transition diagrams at the security threat location. Using security failure data, we identify security threat locations\\u000a which attackers could use to

  3. Earthdata Code Collaborative: Building a Reuseable and Shared Platform for Earth Science Collaboration, Development, and Application Hosting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McLaughlin, B. D.; Pilone, D.

    2014-12-01

    An ever-growing number of applications to expose, utilize, and process Earth Science data are developed every year. These applications are sometimes developed by large organizations with significant budgets, and at other times by graduate students or professors with short-term grant money and little else. Because of this wide variance in environments, these applications are rarely consistent in their approach to testing, hosting, presentation of information, and approach to maintenance. Many of these applications also continually re-invent solutions to common problems such as bug tracking, collaboration, source code management, user support and feedback, and deployment of new features. The Earthdata Code Collaborative (https://ecc.earthdata.nasa.gov, typically referred to as the ECC) provides a unified and consistent environment for Earth Science application development, whether an application is developed by a team of 10, 50, or even 1. By using commercial products such as the Atlassian suite of tools (https://www.atlassian.com) and custom APIs, the ECC allows Earth Science applications to focus on science rather than infrastructure and tooling. This session will detail the process by which the Earthdata Code Collaborative was developed, as well as the initial requirements that drove its inception. It will go on to demonstrate the current state of the ECC, and explore how bringing on applications-both internal to Earthdata and external-has shaped its requirements and implementation. Concepts such as code management, continuous integration (testing), and one-touch deployment will be explored in the context of Earth Science applications.

  4. Illinois State Buildings Energy Expense Study FY91 and projected FY92-94

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1992-01-01

    During FY91 the state of Illinois spent almost $120 million for electricity, natural gas, coal, fuel oil, propane and steam to operate state-owned and state-leased buildings. Over the next three years it is projected that this will increase to over $127 million in FY94 due to increasing fuel costs. Although some of the cost growth could be eliminated by upgrading

  5. Illinois state buildings energy expense study FY90 and projected FY91-93

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1991-01-01

    During FY90 the state of Illinois spent almost $120 million for electricity, natural gas, coal, fuel oil, propane and steam to operate state-owned and state-leased buildings. Over the next three years it is projected that this will increase to $138 million in FY93 due to increasing fuel costs. Although some of this cost growth could be eliminated by upgrading plants

  6. Powerful Alignment: Building Consensus around the Common Core State Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doyle, Keridan

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines a sampling of arguments for and against the Common Core State Standards from the period surrounding their adoption. While supporters of the standards have articulated common goals such as economic security, equity, and alignment, opposing voices have failed to coalesce around a unified set of principles or a common language. An…

  7. Solid state lighting in buildings: status and future

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven Paolini

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, there has been considerable press coverage about the promise of Solid State Lighting (SSL). Despite this or perhaps because of the coverage, it can be difficult to separate hype from reality and set expectations for the near to medium term. The short answer is there are good SSL products on the market now and some poor ones.

  8. 75 FR 19944 - International Code Council: The Update Process for the International Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-16

    ...The International Codes and Standards consist of...International Energy Conservation Code. International...Performance Code for Buildings and Facilities. International...Code. International Wildland-Urban Interface Code...117.1: Accessible and Usable Buildings...

  9. Building the Capacity of States to Ensure Inclusion of Rural Communities in State and Local Primary Violence Prevention Planning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook-Craig, Patricia G.; Lane, Karen G.; Siebold, Wendi L.

    2010-01-01

    Rural, frontier, and geographically isolated communities face unique challenges associated with ensuring that they are equal partners in capacity-building and prevention planning processes at the state and local level despite barriers that can inhibit participation. By their nature, rural, frontier, and geographically isolated communities and…

  10. Buy versus build: a survey of state policies

    SciTech Connect

    Basheda, Gregory; Schumacher, Adam

    2008-11-15

    Integrated resource planning has reemerged as the primary means through which new generation will be developed in much of the U.S. Where this is the case, regulators will need to address the manner and extent to which independent power producers are allowed to compete to supply a utility's incremental resource needs. This article reports the results of a survey of state policies with respect to competitive procurement. (author)

  11. New State Standards 

    E-print Network

    Lopez, F. A.

    2011-01-01

    Chapter 447.004-TX Gov. Code ? State that SECO shall establish and publish mandatory energy and water conservation design standards for each new state building or major renovation project ? SECO shall define ?major renovation project? and shall... shall use the energy and water conservation design standards that SECO has adopted under this chapter, when constructing new state buildings or conducting major renovations of existing state buildings. 4 CATEE-Dallas 11-09-2011 Texas Administrative...

  12. New York State Standards for BUILDING Leaders Candidates in university-based preparation programs who seek NYS certification as

    E-print Network

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    and skills necessary to perform the following: a. Develop and implement an educational vision, or build1 New York State Standards for BUILDING Leaders Candidates in university-based preparation programs who seek NYS certification as School Building Leaders (SBL) must demonstrate the following nine

  13. Investigation of Coded Source Neutron Imaging at the North Carolina State University PULSTAR Reactor

    SciTech Connect

    Xiao, Ziyu [North Carolina State University] [North Carolina State University; Mishra, Kaushal [North Carolina State University] [North Carolina State University; Hawari, Ayman [North Carolina State University] [North Carolina State University; Bingham, Philip R [ORNL] [ORNL; Bilheux, Hassina Z [ORNL] [ORNL; Tobin Jr, Kenneth William [ORNL] [ORNL

    2010-01-01

    A neutron imaging facility is located on beam-tube #5 of the 1-MWth PULSTAR reactor at the North Carolina State University. An investigation has been initiated to explore the application of coded imaging techniques at the facility. Coded imaging uses a mosaic of pinholes to encode an aperture, thus generating an encoded image of the object at the detector. To reconstruct the image recorded by the detector, corresponding decoding patterns are used. The optimized design of coded masks is critical for the performance of this technique and will depend on the characteristics of the imaging beam. In this work, Monte Carlo (MCNP) simulations were utilized to explore the needed modifications to the PULSTAR thermal neutron beam to support coded imaging techniques. In addition, an assessment of coded mask design has been performed. The simulations indicated that a 12 inch single crystal sapphire filter is suited for such an application at the PULSTAR beam in terms of maximizing flux with good neutron-to-gamma ratio. Computational simulations demonstrate the feasibility of correlation reconstruction methods on neutron transmission imaging. A gadolinium aperture with thickness of 500 m was used to construct the mask using a 38 34 URA pattern. A test experiment using such a URA design has been conducted and the point spread function of the system has been measured.

  14. State courts and public health: building partnerships to enhance preparedness.

    PubMed

    Sweeney, Patricia M; Stebbins, Samuel; Stier, Daniel D; Pines, Zygmont

    2010-01-01

    Laws and regulations can facilitate or impede emergency preparedness and response activities. State legislators, judges, and lawyers play critically important roles in creating and interpreting laws that affect the ability of public health practitioners and their partners to effectively respond to emergencies. In an age when political unrest, global travel, and emerging biological threats can combine to create social and economic havoc worldwide, it is critical that those responsible for upholding the rule of law during emergencies understand the law and its implications. In 2003, the University of Pittsburgh Center for Public Health Preparedness (UP-CPHP) created a Preparedness Law and Policy Program to advance legal preparedness for public health emergencies across Pennsylvania and the nation. To achieve this goal, UP-CPHP has partnered with local, state, and national organizations. In the course of these activities, Pennsylvania judges, the Administrative Office of Pennsylvania Courts, UP-CPHP, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Public Health Law Program have developed a strong and enduring collaborative relationship that has put the Pennsylvania judiciary in a better position today to plan for and respond to a public health crisis than it has been at any other point in its history. The tools and resources developed through this collaboration can readily be adapted to assist other jurisdictions nationwide in their efforts to ensure that their judicial systems are similarly prepared. PMID:21133065

  15. State-space approach to building environmental analysis using thermal network concepts

    SciTech Connect

    Okuyama, H.

    1985-01-01

    A theory for computer simulation of thermal performance and energy use in buildings is described. Heat transfer in buildings consists of multifarious forms. Thermal-network concepts are described to be effective for automatically setting up a state equation in the state-space approach. Generalized heat conductance is defined for various heat-transfer forms including mass flow and radiation. Concepts of network mode change are defined for the time-varying parameter or nonlinearity. Simulation is implemented by time integration of the state equation. For this scheme, an analytical solution based on the spectral resolution on eigenspaces rather than the approximated solution is reintroduced. A method for reducing the order of the state equation for computational efficiency is deduced simply from the weighted residual integration in the time domain. Also, the theory of coupling subsystems for systematic modeling is deduced from the direct sum of output equations from each system component.

  16. Illinois state buildings energy expense study FY85 and projected FY86-89

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. R. Stephens; J. Harms; D. Jones; J. Shum; S. L. Tuma

    1985-01-01

    In the report, the Dept. of Energy and Natural Resources (ENR) attempts to project energy costs for Illinois state buildings from FY86 through FY89. It also identifies energy usage and cost by fuel type and agency for FY81 through FY86.

  17. BUILDING STRONGER STATE ENERGY PARTNERSHIPS WITH THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

    SciTech Connect

    Kate Burke

    2002-11-01

    This technical progress report includes an update of the progress during the second year of cooperative agreement DE-FC26-00NT40802, Building Stronger State Energy Partnerships with the U.S. Department of Energy. The report also describes the barriers in conduct of the effort, and our assessment of future progress and activities.

  18. Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-8567

    E-print Network

    Tullos, Desiree

    Insurance Student Health Services Oregon State University, 110 Plageman Building, Corvallis://studenthealth.oregonstate.edu/ - - Last Name First Name University ID # I am: An Undergraduate student Date of Birth-resident international students and their dependents (living in the US) be covered by health insurance. The insurance

  19. Registrar's Office Oregon State University, B102 Kerr Administration Building, Corvallis, OR 97331-2130

    E-print Network

    Escher, Christine

    Return to: Registrar's Office Oregon State University, B102 Kerr Administration Building, Corvallis://oregonstate.edu/registrar Permission to Release Educational Records Name: OSU ID #: Last First Middle Date:________________________________________________________________________________ I authorize the following person or office issuing my educational records to disclose

  20. State of the art in lighting simulation for building science: a literature review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carlos E. Ochoa; Myriam B. C. Aries; Jan L. M. Hensen

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the current state of the art in lighting simulation related to building science research. Discussion on historical developments and main modelling approaches is followed by describing lighting simulation within the design process, where it is applied beyond presentation renderings. Works are grouped using the main aspects of a program (input, modelling and output). Lighting simulation currently focuses

  1. State of the art in lighting simulation for building science: a literature review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carlos E. Ochoa; Myriam B. C. Aries; Jan L. M. Hensen

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the current state of the art in lighting simulation related to building science research. Discussion on historical developments and main modelling approaches is followed by describing lighting simulation within the design process, where it is applied beyond presentation renderings. Works are grouped using the main aspects of a program (input, modelling and output). Lighting simulation currently focuses

  2. The Role of Clans in the Post-Independence State-Building in Central Asia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janna Khegai

    2004-01-01

    With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the whole newly independent Central and Eastern European region had engaged into the processes of state- and institution-building. As the basis for each country's political system new or pre-communist constitutions were adopted in an attempt to break with the authoritarian past and to start transition from communist dictatorship to democracy and rule of

  3. Current state of the art of geothermal heat pumps as applied to buildings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Constantine Karytsas

    2012-01-01

    This paper summarizes the current state of the art of geothermal heat pumps as applies to buildings. Geothermal or ground source heat pump (GSHP) systems provide heating, cooling as well as domestic hot water, by the use of the underground or bodies of surface water as heat source or sink. More specifically, a GSHP system comprises a heat pump (usually

  4. 11 CFR 100.144 - Office building for State, local, or district party committees or organizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    A payment, distribution, loan, advance, or deposit of money or anything of value, made by, or on behalf of, a State, local, or district party committee or organization for the purchase or construction of an office building in accordance with 11 CFR 300.35 is not an...

  5. Use of Shor states for the [7,1,3] quantum error-correcting code

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weinstein, Yaakov S.; Buchbinder, Sidney D.

    2012-11-01

    We explore the effect of Shor-state construction methods on logical state encoding and quantum error-correction for the [7,1,3] Calderbank-Shor-Steane quantum error-correction code in a nonequiprobable-error environment. We determine the optimum number of verification steps to be used in Shor-state construction and whether Shor states without verification are usable for practical quantum computation. These results are compared to the same processes of encoding and error correction where Shor states are not used. We demonstrate that the construction of logical zero states with no first-order error terms may not require the complete edifice of quantum fault tolerance. With respect to error correction, we show for a particular initial state that error correction using a single qubit for the syndrome measurement yields a similar output-state accuracy to error correction using Shor states as syndrome qubits. In addition, we demonstrate that error correction with Shor states has an inherent sensitivity to bit-flip errors. Finally, we suggest that in this type of error-correction scenario one should always repeat a syndrome measurement until attaining an all-zero readout (twice in row).

  6. Physician Code Creep: Evidence in Medicaid and State Employee Health Insurance Billing

    PubMed Central

    Seiber, Eric E.

    2007-01-01

    This study estimates a fixed effects ordered logit model physician office visit billing using claims data from South Carolina Medicaid and the State Employees Health Plan. The results find code creep increasing expenditures on physician office visits at a rate of 2.2 percent annually for both programs, with no significant difference in the rate between the two. The models also indicate that physician billing patterns differ between the programs, with the Medicaid claims averaging 1.3 percent less per visit than comparable State Employees Health Plan claims. PMID:17722753

  7. National trends and coding patterns in fall-related mortality among the elderly in the United States.

    PubMed

    Maresh, Jordan; Guse, Clare; Layde, Peter

    2012-05-01

    Because good information on deaths caused by a fall would be important for prevention policies, we analyzed the influence of coding differences on variability in state-level fall death rates in the elderly. We examined state differences in the number of cause of death codes on death certificates, death certifiers, completeness of E-coding, and indicators of specificity of coding. We found that state-specific fall mortality rates ranged from 13.9 to 140.4 in people aged 65 years and above. States employing a coroner to investigate injury deaths had 14 per cent fewer recorded fall deaths than those where a medical examiner conducted the investigations. Each unit increase in the median number of cause of death codes was associated with a 10 per cent increase in the number of falls. For each 1 per cent increase in the use of unspecified codes for the underlying cause of death, the number of falls dropped by 2 per cent. Current fall mortality data do not appear to identify all instances of falls. Variability in unintentional fall-related death rates among states may be partly explained by death certification coding practices. Standardization of coding and training for documentation of fall events and death certificate reporting could help uncover the actual fall mortality burden in the elderly. PMID:22358121

  8. Collapsed Building

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    This masonry office building in the downtown area of Concepcion, Chile collapsed as a result of the M 8.8 earthquake on Feb. 27, 2010. The construction of this building predates the establishment of strict building codes in Chile, put in place following the devastating earthquake of 1960. ...

  9. Recommendations for 15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures on Implementing Houston Amendments to Multifamily Residential Buildings in Houston, Texas

    E-print Network

    Mukhopadhyay, Jaya; Liu, Zi; Malhotra, Mini; Kota, Sandeep; Blake, Sheila; Haberl, Jeff; Culp, Charles; Yazdani, Bahman

    and analyzed by the Energy Systems Laboratory using a code-compliant calculator. Along with the options proposed by the officials, additional measures were selected from the 15% above code energy analysis conducted by the Energy Systems Laboratory...

  10. Recommendations for 15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures on Implementing Houston Amendments to Multifamily Residential Buildings in Houston Texas

    E-print Network

    Mukhopadhyay, J.; Liu, Z.; Malhotra, M.; Kota, S.; Blake, S.; Haberl, J.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.

    and analyzed by the Energy Systems Laboratory using a code-compliant calculator. Along with the options proposed by the officials, additional measures were selected from the 15% above code energy analysis conducted by the Energy Systems Laboratory...

  11. Economic appraisal of the use of geothermal energy in state-owned buildings in Colorado

    SciTech Connect

    Meyer, R.T.

    1981-10-01

    An appraisal of the use of geothermal energy for space heating requirements for selected state-owned buildings in six communities in Colorado was performed for the Colorado Geological Survey. The complete appraisal addressed several components of a feasibility study for geothermal applications, including resource assessment, pipeline rights-of-way, well design and drilling program, conceptual engineering designs for retrofits of building heating systems, evaluations of economic feasibility, institutional requirements, and environmental considerations. Economic feasibility was determined from evaluation of four economic measures: simple payback period in years; twenty-year annualized system costs (geothermal system versus conventional system); total twenty-year undiscounted energy savings; and total twenty-year present value, energy savings. The results showed that several of the state facilities are likely candidates for conversion to geothermal hot water systems. The best candidate is the Colorado State Reformatory at Buena Vista.

  12. Impact of seismic code provisions in the central U.S.: a performance evaluation of a reinforced concrete building 

    E-print Network

    Kueht, Erin

    2009-05-15

    , the margin by which the SMF buildings exceeded CP performance was relatively small compared to that of the IMF building. Fragility curves were also developed to provide an estimate of the probability of exceeding various performance levels and quantitative...

  13. Disciples of the state : secularization and state building in the former Ottoman World

    E-print Network

    Fabbe, Kristin Elisabeth

    2012-01-01

    Disciples of the State seeks to explain why some former Ottoman states succeeded in effectively secularizing schooling and law and regulating religion upon independence - thereby consolidating state power- whereas others ...

  14. 76 FR 13101 - Building Energy Codes Program: Presenting and Receiving Comments to DOE Proposed Changes to the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-10

    ...DOE Proposed Changes to the International Green Construction Code (IgCC) AGENCY: Office...proposed changes to the draft International Green Construction Code (IgCC). The first...provide a baseline of codes addressing green construction, and provide a...

  15. Enabling Efficient, Responsive, and Resilient Buildings: Collaboration Between the United States and India

    SciTech Connect

    Basu, Chandrayee; Ghatikar, Girish

    2013-09-25

    The United States and India have among the largest economies in the world, and they continue to work together to address current and future challenges in reliable electricity supply. The acceleration to efficient, grid-responsive, resilient buildings represents a key energy security objective for federal and state agencies in both countries. The weaknesses in the Indian grid system were manifest in 2012, in the country’s worst blackout, which jeopardized the lives of half of India’s 1.2 billion people. While both countries are investing significantly in power sector reform, India, by virtue of its colossal growth rate in commercial energy intensity and commercial floor space, is better placed than the United States to integrate and test state-of-art Smart Grid technologies in its future grid-responsive commercial buildings. This paper presents a roadmap of technical collaboration between the research organizations, and public-private stakeholders in both countries to accelerate the building-to-grid integration through pilot studies in India.

  16. 49 CFR 578.6 - Civil penalties for violations of specified provisions of Title 49 of the United States Code.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...the United States Code. 578.6 Section 578.6 Transportation Other Regulations...AND CRIMINAL PENALTIES § 578.6 Civil penalties for violations...under this paragraph for a related series of violations is...

  17. 49 CFR 578.6 - Civil penalties for violations of specified provisions of Title 49 of the United States Code.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...the United States Code. 578.6 Section 578.6 Transportation Other Regulations...AND CRIMINAL PENALTIES § 578.6 Civil penalties for violations...under this paragraph for a related series of violations is...

  18. Case study of modifications to a wood ``I'' beam framed floor-ceiling assembly which did not meet minimum International Building Code (IBC) impact insulation class (IIC) or sound transmission class (STC)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gernhart, Elzo F.

    2005-09-01

    A direct comparison, using three identical floor-ceiling assemblies, which did not meet minimum building codes standards for impact insulation class as built. Each floor-ceiling assembly received different corrective measures in an effort to correct the deficiency. All corrective measures were limited to the bottom side of the assembly, since hardwood flooring was installed as the finished floor. All the floor-ceiling assemblies consisted of light weight 16-in. deep ``I'' beam structural framing members (joist) spaced at 24 in. center to center supporting 3/4 in.-t & g plywood with 1-1/2 in. light weight gypsum concrete covered with 1/2-in. plywood and finished with hardwood flooring. Using tired old industry standard methods, products, and systems the best impact insulation class increase was twelve points which still did not meet minimum building code standards. By installing the state of the art products, using the proper methods available today under the floor-ceiling assembly the field impact insulation class was increased 28 points to a field impact insulation class of 60 without acoustical mat on the top side of the assembly. By design the field sound transmission class was also improved (40 to 55 STC) due to product selection, installations procedures, and design.

  19. Report of an illness outbreak at the Harry S Truman State Office Building

    SciTech Connect

    Donnell, H.D. Jr.; Bagby, J.R.; Harmon, R.G.; Crellin, J.R.; Chaski, H.C.; Bright, M.F.; Tuinen, M.V.; Metzger, R.W. (Missouri Department of Health, Jefferson City, MO (USA))

    1989-03-01

    An acute epidemic of headache, mucosal irritation, fatigue, odd taste, and dizziness involving several hundred state government employees occurred in June 1986 in an office building in Missouri that housed 2,500 employees. A survey of 305 ill and 131 well employees demonstrated that ill employees were more likely to have perceived unusual odors and inadequate air flow in their work areas. The building has eight floors, seven of which are divided in half by an atrium, and 17 separate air handling systems. A total of 87% of the ill employees were concentrated in only three of the half floors. Extensive investigation revealed no toxic substances or other direct causes for the illnesses, but several factors were identified that may have reduced air quality in the affected areas. These included a low proportion of outside air, associated with crowding, blocked vents, smoking, and use of office chemicals. This pattern of illness suggests epidemic anxiety state triggered by poor air quality.

  20. Energy standards and model codes development, adoption, implementation, and enforcement

    SciTech Connect

    Conover, D.R.

    1994-08-01

    This report provides an overview of the energy standards and model codes process for the voluntary sector within the United States. The report was prepared by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the Building Energy Standards Program and is intended to be used as a primer or reference on this process. Building standards and model codes that address energy have been developed by organizations in the voluntary sector since the early 1970s. These standards and model codes provide minimum energy-efficient design and construction requirements for new buildings and, in some instances, existing buildings. The first step in the process is developing new or revising existing standards or codes. There are two overall differences between standards and codes. Energy standards are developed by a consensus process and are revised as needed. Model codes are revised on a regular annual cycle through a public hearing process. In addition to these overall differences, the specific steps in developing/revising energy standards differ from model codes. These energy standards or model codes are then available for adoption by states and local governments. Typically, energy standards are adopted by or adopted into model codes. Model codes are in turn adopted by states through either legislation or regulation. Enforcement is essential to the implementation of energy standards and model codes. Low-rise residential construction is generally evaluated for compliance at the local level, whereas state agencies tend to be more involved with other types of buildings. Low-rise residential buildings also may be more easily evaluated for compliance because the governing requirements tend to be less complex than for commercial buildings.

  1. A Survey of High Performance Office Buildings in the United States 

    E-print Network

    Cho, S.; Haberl, J. S.

    2006-01-01

    Sylvester et al. (2002) Robert E. Johnson State Ofice Building Hot & Humid Austin, TX Commercial Office 1998 6 303,389 Conventional Construction DOE-2 Simulation 148 45 Low-e Window Glazing, Motion Sensors for Lighting Control, Daylighting Dimming... consumption by implementing ten high-performance systems, which included lighting, glazing, daylighting, HVAC (Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning) system, humidity control, Energy Star equipment, a reflective roof, variable speed fans and pumps...

  2. Building Comprehensive State Systems for Vulnerable Babies: A Resource for State Leaders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Law and Social Policy, Inc. (CLASP), 2011

    2011-01-01

    Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP) has developed this resource to help state leaders strategize how to create or improve early childhood systems to meet the needs of vulnerable babies and toddlers, their families, and pregnant women. Every state has the pieces of a comprehensive early childhood system in place. This tool will help state

  3. Analysis of Energy Saving Impacts of New Residential Energy Codes for the Gulf Coast

    SciTech Connect

    Lucas, Robert G.

    2007-01-01

    At the request of the Government Accountability Office (GAO), DOE’s Building Energy Codes Program performed an analysis of the energy savings and cost impacts associated with the use of newer and more efficient residential building energy codes in the states of Louisiana and Mississippi.

  4. BUILDING STRONGER STATE ENERGY PARTNERSHIPS WITH THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

    SciTech Connect

    Kate Burke

    2003-09-01

    This technical progress report includes an update of the progress during the third year of cooperative agreement DE-FC26-00NT40802, Building Stronger State Energy Partnerships with the U.S. Department of Energy. The report also describes the barriers in conduct of the effort, and our assessment of future progress and activities. The approach of the project included three tasks during year three. First, NASEO and its Buildings Committee were to focus on raising awareness and coordination of Rebuild activities. Through education, one-on-one communications, and presentations at NASEO meetings and other events, staff and the committee will assist Rebuild officials in stimulating interest in the program and building greater support among State Energy Office Directors. The most recent subtasks added to the project, though not directly related to Rebuild America, fall under this initial task, and support: (a) state plans to implement integrated energy and environmental initiatives, including distributed generation technologies, and (b) initiation of a state collaborative on advanced turbines and hybrid systems. The advanced turbine piece was completed during this year. During the year, a new workplan was accepted by Rebuild America's Dan Sze to supplement the work in this task. This workplan is outlined below. Second, NASEO would work to improve the efficiency of America's schools by assisting states and DOE in promoting projects that result in more energy efficient and clean energy schools and a better learning environment. This task was fully completed during this year. The third task involves energy security issues which NASEO addressed by way of a Summer Fuels Outlook Conference held Tuesday, April 8, 2003. The purpose of this educational event was to inform state, federal, local, and other energy officials about the most recent transportation fuels data and trends. The public benefits part of this task was not funded for Year 3, thus no activity occurred.

  5. Energy efficiency in new buildings: Implementing the Energy Policy Act of 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Stockmeyer, M.K.

    1994-03-01

    The Building Energy Standards Program (Program) is conducted for the Department of Energy`s (DOE) Office of Codes and Standards, within the Office of Building Technologies. The Program seeks to facilitate the construction of energy efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally sound new buildings through the application of energy efficiency codes and standards. The Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) requires that the Department of Energy support the voluntary energy standards development process, advocate the use of model energy codes, and provide technical support to states and the federal government in adopting energy efficiency standards for new buildings. In meeting these requirements, Program staff work with a wide variety of stakeholders - particularly designers, builders and code officials - to base codes and standards on the application of sound scientific principles. Further, Program staff work with individuals in the federal government, states, code development organizations, and the buildings community to deploy energy efficient technologies and encourage complementary practices throughout the design and construction processes.

  6. SAFE: A computer code for the steady-state and transient thermal analysis of LMR fuel elements

    SciTech Connect

    Hayes, S.L.

    1993-12-01

    SAFE is a computer code developed for both the steady-state and transient thermal analysis of single LMR fuel elements. The code employs a two-dimensional control-volume based finite difference methodology with fully implicit time marching to calculate the temperatures throughout a fuel element and its associated coolant channel for both the steady-state and transient events. The code makes no structural calculations or predictions whatsoever. It does, however, accept as input structural parameters within the fuel such as the distributions of porosity and fuel composition, as well as heat generation, to allow a thermal analysis to be performed on a user-specified fuel structure. The code was developed with ease of use in mind. An interactive input file generator and material property correlations internal to the code are available to expedite analyses using SAFE. This report serves as a complete design description of the code as well as a user`s manual. A sample calculation made with SAFE is included to highlight some of the code`s features. Complete input and output files for the sample problem are provided.

  7. Encoding an arbitrary state in a [7,1,3] quantum error correction code

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buchbinder, Sidney D.; Huang, Channing L.; Weinstein, Yaakov S.

    2013-02-01

    We calculate the fidelity with which an arbitrary state can be encoded into a [7, 1, 3] Calderbank-Shor-Steane quantum error correction code in a non-equiprobable Pauli operator error environment with the goal of determining whether this encoding can be used for practical implementations of quantum computation. The determination of usability is accomplished by applying ideal error correction to the encoded state which demonstrates the correctability of errors that occurred during the encoding process. We also apply single-qubit Clifford gates to the encoded state and determine the accuracy with which these gates can be implemented. Finally, fault tolerant noisy error correction is applied to the encoded states allowing us to compare noisy (realistic) and perfect error correction implementations. We find the encoding to be usable for the states {|0rangle, |1rangle}, and {|±rangle = |0rangle±|1rangle}. These results have implications for when non-fault tolerant procedures may be used in practical quantum computation and whether quantum error correction must be applied at every step in a quantum protocol.

  8. Appendices of an appraisal for the use of geothermal energy in state-owned buildings in Colorado. Section A. Alamosa

    SciTech Connect

    Meyer, R.T.; Coe, B.A.; Dick, J.D.

    1981-01-01

    Two state-owned building complexes have been evaluated within the city of Alamosa: Adams State College and the State Highway Department Buildings. The resource assessment in dicates that 150/sup 0/F may be available at flow rates of 1000 gpm per well, depths of 4000 feet, and possibly under Artesian pressure. Two building retrofit engineering options are evaluated for Adams State College, both of which assume only partial replacement (approximately 50%) of the existing natural-gas-fired steam-boiler system. The two retrofit options for goethermal heating include (1) a high performance central heat pump for boosting the circulating heat water to 200/sup 0/F for space heating and (2) a central heat exchanger for delivery of heating water at 145/sup 0/F. The first option provides for continued usage of the existing hot water heating units in the campus buildings, with the exception of retrofit of the steam units in College Center. The second option provides for the addition of terminal hot water heating units in all of the buildings in order to adapt to 145/sup 0/F heating water. Retrofit engineering for the State Highway Department Buildings provides for the use of a central heat exchanger and the distribution of 140/sup 0/F heating water to all building areas that are presently heated.

  9. 3 CFR - Delegation of Functions and Authority Under Sections 315 and 325 of Title 32, United States Code

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Defense By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including section 301 of title 3, United States Code, I hereby delegate to you: (a) the functions and authority of the...

  10. LoanSTAR Monitoring and Analysis Program: Presentation Summary of the State Capitol Complex Building Operation and Maintenance Field Test

    E-print Network

    Turner, W. D.; Houcek, J. K.; Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.

    1993-01-01

    Complex Building O&M Field Test Report p. 2 SUMMARY REPORT During the Fall of 1992 a comprehensive survey was conducted on eight buildings at the State Capitol Complex to determine potential operations and maintenance (O&M) savings opportunities. A verbal... report of the findings was presented to General Services Commission and Governor's Energy Office personnel in October, 1992. In January, 1993, a formal written report titled "Potential Operation and Maintenance (O&M) Savings at the State Capitol Complex...

  11. Statewide Emissions Reduction, Electricity and Demand Savings from the Implementation of Building-Energy-Codes in Texas

    E-print Network

    Yazdani, B.; Haberl, J.; Kim, H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Zilbershtein, G.

    2012-01-01

    This paper focuses on the estimate of electricity reduction and electric demand savings from the adoption energy codes for single-family residences in Texas, 2002-2009, corresponding increase in cnstruction costs and estimates of the statewide...

  12. Codes for the identification of aquifer names and geologic units in the United States and the Caribbean outlying areas

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    U.S. Geological Survey

    1988-01-01

    This standard provides codes to be used for the identification of aquifer names and geologic units in the United States, the Caribbean and other outlying areas. Outlying areas include Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, the Midway Islands, Trust Territories of the Pacific Islands, and miscellaneous Pacific Islands. Each code identifies an aquifer or rock-stratigraphic unit and its age designation. The codes provide a standardized base for use by organizations in the storage, retrieval, and exchange of ground-water data; the indexing and inventory of ground-water data and information; the cataloging of ground-water data acquisition activities; and a variety of other applications.

  13. Codes for the identification of aquifer names and geologic units in the United States and the Caribbean outlying areas

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    U.S. Geological Survey

    1985-01-01

    This standard provides codes to be used for the identification of aquifer names and geologic units in the United States, the Caribbean and other outlying areas. Outlying areas include Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, the Midway Islands, Trust Territories of the Pacific Islands, and miscellaneous Pacific Islands. Each code identifies an aquifer or rock-stratigraphic unit and its age designation. The codes provide a standardized base for use by organizations in the storage, retrieval, and exchange of ground-water data; the indexing and inventory of ground-water data and information; the cataloging of ground-water data acquisition activities; and a variety of other applications.

  14. The State of the State: Building a Better Future for Kansas Kids.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kansas Action for Children, Inc., Topeka.

    This special Kids Count report compares the current well-being of Kansas children to that of children in other states. The statistical portrait is based on a composite rank and 10 indicators of child well-being: (1) percent low birthweight infants; (2) infant mortality rate; (3) child death rate; (4) teen death rate by accident, homicide, and…

  15. Local convertibility of the ground state of the perturbed toric code

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Santra, Siddhartha; Hamma, Alioscia; Cincio, Lukasz; Subasi, Yigit; Zanardi, Paolo; Amico, Luigi

    2014-12-01

    We present analytical and numerical studies of the behavior of the ? -Renyi entropies in the toric code in presence of several types of perturbations aimed at studying the simulability of these perturbations to the parent Hamiltonian using local operations and classical communications (LOCC)—a property called local convertibility. In particular, the derivatives, with respect to the perturbation parameter, present different signs for different values of ? within the topological phase. From the information-theoretic point of view, this means that such ground states cannot be continuously deformed within the topological phase by means of catalyst assisted local operations and classical communications (LOCC). Such LOCC differential convertibility is on the other hand always possible in the trivial disordered phase. The non-LOCC convertibility is remarkable because it can be computed on a system whose size is independent of correlation length. This method can therefore constitute an experimentally feasible witness of topological order.

  16. Prediction of explosive cylinder tests using equations of state from the PANDA code

    SciTech Connect

    Kerley, G.I. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Christian-Frear, T.L. [RE/SPEC, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1993-09-28

    The PANDA code is used to construct tabular equations of state (EOS) for the detonation products of 24 explosives having CHNO compositions. These EOS, together with a reactive burn model, are used in numerical hydrocode calculations of cylinder tests. The predicted detonation properties and cylinder wall velocities are found to give very good agreement with experimental data. Calculations of flat plate acceleration tests for the HMX-based explosive LX14 are also made and shown to agree well with the measurements. The effects of the reaction zone on both the cylinder and flat plate tests are discussed. For TATB-based explosives, the differences between experiment and theory are consistently larger than for other compositions and may be due to nonideal (finite dimameter) behavior.

  17. Building the capacity for public engagement with science in the United States.

    PubMed

    Guston, David H

    2014-01-01

    This paper reviews efforts of the Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University (CNS-ASU) to begin to build capacity for public engagement with science in the United States. First, the paper sets a context in the US of the current challenges to democracy and for science. It then reviews the literature on the accomplishments of the National Citizens' Technology Forum (NCTF) on nanotechnology and human enhancement, held in 2008, as well as some caveats that emerged from that enterprise. It concludes with a brief discussion of two kinds of activities - participation in the World Wide Views process organized by the Danish Board of Technology, and methodological innovations that include more concrete and experiential modes of engagement - that have spun off from the NCTF. PMID:24434713

  18. FRAPCON-2: A Computer Code for the Calculation of Steady State Thermal-Mechanical Behavior of Oxide Fuel Rods

    SciTech Connect

    Berna, G. A; Bohn, M. P.; Rausch, W. N.; Williford, R. E.; Lanning, D. D.

    1981-01-01

    FRAPCON-2 is a FORTRAN IV computer code that calculates the steady state response of light Mater reactor fuel rods during long-term burnup. The code calculates the temperature, pressure, deformation, and tai lure histories of a fuel rod as functions of time-dependent fuel rod power and coolant boundary conditions. The phenomena modeled by the code include (a) heat conduction through the fuel and cladding, (b) cladding elastic and plastic deformation, (c) fuel-cladding mechanical interaction, (d) fission gas release, (e} fuel rod internal gas pressure, (f) heat transfer between fuel and cladding, (g) cladding oxidation, and (h) heat transfer from cladding to coolant. The code contains necessary material properties, water properties, and heat transfer correlations. FRAPCON-2 is programmed for use on the CDC Cyber 175 and 176 computers. The FRAPCON-2 code Is designed to generate initial conditions for transient fuel rod analysis by either the FRAP-T6 computer code or the thermal-hydraulic code, RELAP4/MOD7 Version 2.

  19. Comparison of ASHRAE Standard 90.1, 189.1 and IECC Codes for Large Office Buildings in Texas 

    E-print Network

    Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J.C.; Kim, H.; Haberl, J.

    2011-01-01

    Six energy codes were compared in terms of annual site and source energy consumption. This comparison includes ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1989, ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999, ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007, ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010, IECC 2009 and ASHRAE 189...

  20. Old-Time Origins of Modern Sovereignty: State-Building among the Keweenaw Bay Ojibway, 1832-1854

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doherty, Robert

    2007-01-01

    This article examines a brief period of Lake Superior Ojibway history in detail. It describes the territorial dimensions of usufructuary rights and tells how one Ojibway community at Keweenaw Bay, William Jondreau's home, reorganized itself as an Anishnabe state in the 1840s and early 1850s. It also argues that this state-building grew out of…

  1. Indoor Air Quality: Federal and State Actions To Address the Indoor Air Quality Problems of Selected Buildings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guerrero, Peter F.

    U.S. House of Representative members requested that the General Accounting Office determine what federal and state actions have been taken in addressing indoor air quality (IAQ) concerns raised in certain school, state, and federal buildings within Vermont, Maryland, and the District of Columbia. This report responds to this request and describes…

  2. Quantum simultaneous secret distribution with dense coding by using cluster states

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Zhihao; Chen, Hanwu; Liu, Wenjie; Xu, Juan

    2013-12-01

    A new communication mode, quantum simultaneous secret distribution (QSSD) is put forward, where one sender distributes different classical secret message to multiparty receivers simultaneously. Based on the properties of the one-dimensional four-qubit cluster states, a three-party QSSD protocol is proposed, and then it is extended to the case that there are many receivers. Owing to the idea of quantum dense coding, each receiver can receive two bits of classical message by the sender only using a cluster state. In order to check security of quantum channels, a strategy which can prevent common attacks efficiently is put forward. QSSD is distinct from quantum secret sharing (QSS) and quantum broadcast communication (QBC), but it can be easily converted into QSS and QBC. QSSD is also different from the multiple-QKD communication mode where the sender shares a private key with each receiver at first, while in QSSD the sender doesn't; in addition, only one round of one-to-many communication is performed in QSSD, while in multiple-QKD communication mode many rounds of one-to-one communication are performed.

  3. Assessment of Impacts from Updating Iowa's Residential Energy Code to Comply with the 2003 International Energy Conservation Code

    SciTech Connect

    Lucas, Robert G.

    2003-10-31

    The state of Iowa currently requires that new buildings comply with the Council of American Building Officials? (CABO) 1992 Model Energy Code (MEC) (CABO 1992). CABO has been transformed into the International Code Council (ICC) and the MEC has been renamed the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). The most recent edition of the code is the 2003 IECC (ICC 2003). Iowa?s Department of Natural Resources requested that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) compare the 1992 MEC with the 2003 IECC to estimate impacts from updating Iowa?s residential energy code to comply with the new code. Under DOE's direction, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) completed an assessment of the impacts from this potential code upgrade, including impacts on construction and energy consumption costs. This report is an update to a similar report completed by PNNL in 2002 (Lucas 2002) that compared the 1992 MEC to the 2000 IECC.

  4. Building Stronger State Partnerships with the US Department of Energy (Energy Assurance)

    SciTech Connect

    Mike Keogh

    2011-09-30

    From 2007 until 2011, the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) engaged in a partnership with the National Energy Technology Lab (NETL) to improve State-Federal coordination on electricity policy and energy assurance issues. This project allowed State Public Utility Commissioners and their staffs to engage on the most cutting-edge level in the arenas of energy assurance and electricity policy. Four tasks were outlined in the Statement of Performance Objectives: Task 1 - Training for Commissions on Critical Infrastructure Topics; Task 2 - Analyze and Implement Recommendations on Energy Assurance Issues; Task 3 - Ongoing liaison activities & outreach to build stronger networks between federal agencies and state regulators; and Task 4 - Additional Activities. Although four tasks were prescribed, in practice these tasks were carried out under two major activity areas: the critical infrastructure and energy assurance partnership with the US Department of Energy's Infrastructure Security and Emergency Response office, and the National Council on Electricity Policy, a collaborative which since 1994 has brought together State and Federal policymakers to address the most pressing issues facing the grid from restructuring to smart grid implementation. On Critical Infrastructure protection, this cooperative agreement helped State officials yield several important advances. The lead role on NARUC's side was played by our Committee on Critical Infrastructure Protection. Key lessons learned in this arena include the following: (1) Tabletops and exercises work - They improve the capacity of policymakers and their industry counterparts to face the most challenging energy emergencies, and thereby equip these actors with the capacity to face everything up to that point as well. (2) Information sharing is critical - Connecting people who need information with people who have information is a key success factor. However, exposure of critical infrastructure information to bad actors also creates new vulnerabilities. (3) Tensions exist between the transparency-driven basis of regulatory activity and the information-protection requirements of asset protection. (4) Coordination between states is a key success factor - Because comparatively little federal authority exists over electricity and other energy infrastructure, the interstate nature of these energy grids defy centralized command and control governance. Patchwork responses are a risk when addressed at a state-by-state level. Coordination is the key to ensuring consistent response to shared threats. In Electricity Policy, the National Council on Electricity Policy continued to make important strides forward. Coordinated electricity policy among States remains the best surrogate for an absent national electricity policy. In every area from energy efficiency to clean coal, State policies are driving the country's electricity policy, and regional responses to climate change, infrastructure planning, market operation, and new technology deployment depend on a forum for bringing the States together.

  5. Building-integrated photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1993-01-01

    This is a study of the issues and opportunities for building-integrated PV products, seen primarily from the perspective of the design community. Although some quantitative analysis is included, and limited interviews are used, the essence of the study is qualitative and subjective. It is intended as an aid to policy makers and members of the technical community in planning and setting priorities for further study and product development. It is important to remember that the success of a product in the building market is not only dependent upon its economic value; the diverse group of building owners, managers, regulators, designers, tenants and users must also find it practical, aesthetically appealing and safe. The report is divided into 11 sections. A discussion of technical and planning considerations is followed by illustrative diagrams of different wall and roof assemblies representing a range of possible PV-integration schemes. Following the diagrams, several of these assemblies are then applied to a conceptual test building which is analyzed for PV performance. Finally, a discussion of mechanical/electrical building products incorporating PVs is followed by a brief surveys of cost issues, market potential and code implications. The scope of this report is such that most of the discussion does not go beyond stating the questions. A more detailed analysis will be necessary to establish the true costs and benefits PVs may provide to buildings, taking into account PV power revenue, construction costs, and hidden costs and benefits to building utility and marketability.

  6. Model Code for the Prevention of Residential HAC Distribution System Leakage and HAC-Induced Building Leakage, 1994 Edition 

    E-print Network

    Wemhoff, P.

    1994-01-01

    design. 2 Closure requirements. (0 Air Distribution System Insulation Appendix: Definitions Appendix: Standards 100.0 HVAC Air Distribution Systems In the matter of duct SEALING and insulation, the provisions of this code shall supersede all other... water gauge and less. The following CLOSURE SYSTEMS and a plication standards are approved for rigi 8' metal duct designed to be operated at pressures of one (1) inch water gauge and less. 1 Continuous welds, 2 1 Longitudinal grooved seams...

  7. Cost-Effectiveness of Home Energy Retrofits in Pre-Code Vintage Homes in the United States

    SciTech Connect

    Fairey, P.; Parker, D.

    2012-11-01

    This analytical study examines the opportunities for cost-effective energy efficiency and renewable energy retrofits in residential archetypes constructed prior to 1980 (Pre-Code) in fourteen U.S. cities. These fourteen cities are representative of each of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) climate zones in the contiguous U.S. The analysis is conducted using an in-house version of EnergyGauge USA v.2.8.05 named CostOpt that has been programmed to perform iterative, incremental economic optimization on a large list of residential energy efficiency and renewable energy retrofit measures. The principle objectives of the study are as follows: to determine the opportunities for cost effective source energy reductions in this large cohort of existing residential building stock as a function of local climate and energy costs; and to examine how retrofit financing alternatives impact the source energy reductions that are cost effectively achievable.

  8. New York State Penal Code: Hate Crimes Act of 2000 Title Y -Hate Crimes Act of 2000, Article 485

    E-print Network

    Raina, Ramesh

    New York State Penal Code: Hate Crimes Act of 2000 Title Y - Hate Crimes Act of 2000, Article 485 Hate Crimes (Eff.10/8/2000, Ch.107, L.2000) Section 485.00 Legislative findings. 485.05 Hate crimes is that in these crimes, commonly and justly referred to as "hate crimes", victims are intentionally selected, in whole

  9. Green Buildings

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    From the Department of Energy's Center of Excellence for Sustainable Development, this Green Buildings site serves as a detailed metapage for environmentally conscious architects, engineers, and builders. As the introduction to the site points out, "The design, construction, and maintenance of buildings has a tremendous impact on our environment and our natural resources." The site offers carefully summarized links to relevant Websites and publications on topics such as building principles, building programs, rating systems, affordable housing, codes/ordinances, educational materials, and more. This site may be of interest to those who want practical applications for protecting the environment.

  10. Research and Innovation in the Building Regulatory Process: Proceedings of the 5th Annual NBS\\/NCSBCS Joint Conference. Technical Seminar on Solar Energy Conservation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. A. Berry

    1981-01-01

    Topics in solar energy and energy conservation are addressed. These proceedings include: (1) energy programs in the state of Colorado; (2) building energy performance standards concepts (3) state energy audits; (4) energy and building systems services; (5) solar energy and building codes.

  11. Forging new partnerships to build healthier communities for a healthier state.

    PubMed

    Petersen, Ruth; Hunkins, Julie A; Riegel, Lisa Diaz; Smith, Libby

    2012-01-01

    Building healthy communities is critical to reducing the rates of chronic diseases impacting millions of North Carolinians. In 2011, North Carolina's overall health status ranking was 32nd in the nation (with 1 being the best). It is well recognized that health is impacted by a variety of individual, social, environmental, and economic factors, which are complex, interrelated, and influenced by a variety of other factors. Creating healthy communities provides options for people to make health-promoting choices. Such communities include transportation alternatives, access to healthy foods and places to be active, opportunities for economic growth and education, and clean air and water. Creating communities that provide these types of options requires the work of different sectors, many of which may not have health as their main mission, such as those that focus on commerce, planning, transportation, and environmental and natural resources. This article outlines the need for healthier communities and highlights the innovative partnerships and work being done by individuals and agencies at the state, local, and national levels to build healthier communities across North Carolina. PMID:23033712

  12. Realization of UML Class and State Machine Models in the C# Code Generation and Execution Framework

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anna Derezinska; Romuald Pilitowski

    2009-01-01

    Many benefits are expected due to usage of code generation tools. A reliable application should be created effectively based on complex structural and behavioral models. Model driven approach for program development is realized in Framework for eXecutable UML (FXU). The tool transforms UML models into C# source code and supports execution of the application reflecting the behavioral model. The framework

  13. Engineering Failure Analysis of a Failed Building in Osun State, Nigeria

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. M. Olajumoke; I. A. Oke; A. B. Fajobi; M. O. Ogedengbe

    2009-01-01

    This paper assesses the causes and socioeconomic impact of some recent cases of collapsed buildings in Nigeria. Information\\u000a on selected collapsed buildings was collated, and a case study of a failed one-story building is presented for emphasis. A\\u000a summary of the technical assessment and remediation of the building was presented as well. Both field and laboratory work\\u000a involved close inspection

  14. Indoor air quality in green buildings: A case-study in a residential high-rise building in the northeastern United States.

    PubMed

    Xiong, Youyou; Krogmann, Uta; Mainelis, Gediminas; Rodenburg, Lisa A; Andrews, Clinton J

    2015-01-01

    Improved indoor air quality (IAQ) is one of the critical components of green building design. Green building tax credit (e.g., New York State Green Building Tax Credit (GBTC)) and certification programs (e.g., Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED)) require indoor air quality measures and compliance with allowable maximum concentrations of common indoor air pollutants. It is not yet entirely clear whether compliance with these programs results in improved IAQ and ultimately human health. As a case in point, annual indoor air quality measurements were conducted in a residential green high-rise building for five consecutive years by an industrial hygiene contractor to comply with the building's GBTC requirements. The implementation of green design measures resulted in better IAQ compared to data in references of conventional homes for some parameters, but could not be confirmed for others. Relative humidity and carbon dioxide were satisfactory according to existing standards. Formaldehyde levels during four out of five years were below the most recent proposed exposure limits found in the literature. To some degree, particulate matter (PM) levels were lower than that in studies from conventional residential buildings. Concentrations of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) with known permissible exposure limits were below levels known to cause chronic health effects, but their concentrations were inconclusive regarding cancer health effects due to relatively high detection limits. Although measured indoor air parameters met all IAQ maximum allowable concentrations in GBTC and applicable LEED requirements at the time of sampling, we argue that these measurements were not sufficient to assess IAQ comprehensively because more sensitive sampling/analytical methods for PM and VOCs are needed; in addition, there is a need for a formal process to ensure rigor and adequacy of sampling and analysis methods. Also, we suggest that a comprehensive IAQ assessment should include mixed mode thermal comfort models, semi-volatile organic compounds, assessment of new chemicals, and permissible exposure levels of many known indoor VOCs and bioaerosols. Plus, the relationship between energy consumption and IAQ, and tenant education on health effects of indoor pollutants and their sources may need more attention in IAQ investigations in green buildings. PMID:25594117

  15. Comparison of Standard 90.1-2007 and the 2009 IECC with Respect to Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect

    Conover, David R.; Bartlett, Rosemarie; Halverson, Mark A.

    2009-12-11

    The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) has been asked by some states and energy code stakeholders to address the comparability of the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code® (IECC) as applied to commercial buildings and ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2007 (hereinafter referred to as Standard 90.1-07). An assessment of comparability will help states respond to and implement conditions specified in the State Energy Program (SEP) Formula Grants American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Funding Opportunity, Number DE-FOA-0000052, and eliminate the need for the states individually or collectively to perform comparative studies of the 2009 IECC and Standard 90.1-07. The funding opportunity announcement contains the following conditions: (2) The State, or the applicable units of local government that have authority to adopt building codes, will implement the following: (A) A residential building energy code (or codes) that meets or exceeds the most recent International Energy Conservation Code, or achieves equivalent or greater energy savings. (B) A commercial building energy code (or codes) throughout the State that meets or exceeds the ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2007, or achieves equivalent or greater energy savings . (C) A plan to achieve 90 percent compliance with the above energy codes within eight years. This plan will include active training and enforcement programs and annual measurement of the rate of compliance. With respect to item (B) above, many more states, regardless of the edition date, directly adopt the IECC than Standard 90.1-07. This is predominately because the IECC is a model code and part of a coordinated set of model building codes that state and local government have historically adopted to regulate building design and construction. This report compares the 2009 IECC to Standard 90.1-07 with the intent of helping states address whether the adoption and application of the 2009 IECC for commercial buildings can be considered equivalent to the adoption and application of Standard 90.1-07. Based on this document, states adopting the 2009 IECC, which is the document cited in (A), above, for residential construction, can also determine if they are in compliance with the above provisions for commercial buildings in (B) above and if their code meets or exceeds the ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-07.

  16. Building a System...To Be among the Best: The Washington State Master Plan for Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington State Higher Education Coordinating Board, Olympia.

    This report presents Washington State's Master Plan for building a higher education system that addresses change in four fundamental elements: accessing education in urban areas; developing a new higher education funding process; evaluating institutional performance; and strengthening admissions standards. The Master Plan recommends the following:…

  17. A quasi-steady state mathematical model of an integrated ground source heat pump for building space control

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. M. Corberan; D. P. Finn; C. M. Montagud; F. T. Murphy; K. C. Edwards

    2011-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the development of a mathematical model, capable of describing the quasi-steady state performance of an integrated ground source heat pump, which is used for heating and cooling of an institutional building located in a Mediterranean climate. The model is structured on functional basis according to the heat pump vapour compression or primary circuit, a secondary

  18. What`s new in codes and standards - Office of Building Technologies (OBT): Appliance and lighting standards

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    US homeowners spend $110 billion each year to power such home appliances as refrigerators, freezers, water heaters, furnaces, air conditioners, and lights. These uses account for about 70% of all the primary energy consumed in homes. During its typical 10-15-year lifetime, the appliance`s operating costs may exceed its initial purchase price several times over. Nevertheless, many consumers do not consider energy efficiency when making purchases. And manufacturers are reluctant to invest in more efficient technology that may not be accepted in the highly competitive marketplace. Recognizing the great potential for energy savings, many states began prescribing minimum energy efficiencies for appliances. Anticipating the burden of complying with differing state standards, manufacturers supported developing federal standards that would preempt state standards.

  19. A Trace-Back Method with Source States for Viterbi Decoding of Rate-1/n Convolutional Codes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ito, Kazuhito

    The Viterbi algorithm is widely used for decoding of the convolutional codes. The trace-back method is preferable to the register exchange method because of lower power consumption especially for convolutional codes with many states. A drawback of the conventional trace-back is that it generally requires long latency to obtain the decoded data. In this paper, a method of the trace-back with source states instead of decision bits is proposed which reduces the number of memory accesses. The dedicated memory is also presented which supports the proposed trace-back method. The reduced memory accesses result in smaller power consumption and a shorer decode latency than the conventional method.

  20. 78 FR 18321 - International Code Council: The Update Process for the International Codes and Standards

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-26

    ...than health, safety and welfare in the enforcement...The International Codes and Standards consist of...International Energy Conservation Code. International...Performance Code for Buildings and Facilities. International...Spa Code International Wildland-Urban Interface...

  1. Building Community Systems for Young Children: Early Childhood Education. Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series, Number 11

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bassok, Daphna; Stipek, Deborah; Inkelas, Moira; Kuo, Alice

    2005-01-01

    This report examines the importance and funding sources of early child care and education (ECE), and the ways in which the State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems (SECCS) Initiative improves early childhood outcomes. Section I presents what is known about the importance of ECE, quality and access. Section II describes the current funding…

  2. Cost-Effective Energy Efficiency Measures for Above Code(ASHRAE 90.1-2001 and 2007) Small Office Buildings in the City of Arlington

    E-print Network

    Kim, H.; Do, S.; Kim, K.H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.S.; Lewis, C.

    .................................................................................................................................................... 50 Figure A-23. Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Two Buildings by Medical and Clinical Care Electricity Usage ........................................................................................................................ 50 Figure... Buildings by Average Decreased Electricity Usage ........................................................................................................................ 49 Figure A-21. Frequency and Percentage Distribution of Two Buildings by Restaurant...

  3. How to Build a Time Machine: Interfacing Hydrodynamics, Ionization Calculations and X-ray Spectral Codes for Supernova Remnants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Badenes, Carlos

    2006-02-01

    Thanks to Chandra and XMM-Newton, spatially resolved spectroscopy of SNRsin the X-ray band has become a reality. Several impressive data sets forejecta-dominated SNRs can now be found in the archives, the Cas A VLP justbeing one (albeit probably the most spectacular) example. However, it isoften hard to establish quantitative, unambiguous connections between theX-ray observations of SNRs and the dramatic events involved in a corecollapse or thermonuclear SN explosion. The reason for this is that thevery high quality of the data sets generated by Chandra and XMM for thelikes of Cas A, SNR 292.0+1.8, Tycho, and SN 1006 has surpassed our abilityto analyze them. The core of the problem is in the transient nature of theplasmas in SNRs, which results in anintimate relationship between the structure of the ejecta and AM, the SNRdynamics arising from their interaction, and the ensuing X-rayemission. Thus, the ONLY way to understand the X-ray observations ofejecta-dominated SNRs at all levels, from the spatially integrated spectrato the subarcsecond scales that can be resolved by Chandra, is to couplehydrodynamic simulations to nonequilibrium ionization (NEI) calculationsand X-ray spectral codes. I will review the basic ingredients that enterthis kind of calculations, and what are the prospects for using them tounderstand the X-ray emission from the shocked ejecta in young SNRs. Thisunderstanding (when it is possible), can turn SNRs into veritable timemachines, revealing the secrets of the titanic explosions that generatedthem hundreds of years ago.

  4. New! Building Energy Standards Essentials for Plans Examiners & Building Inspectors

    E-print Network

    New! Building Energy Standards Essentials for Plans Examiners & Building Inspectors Building energy codes are complex. Plans examiners and building inspectors are expected to understand and enforce energy savings. This new, hands-on course strives to provide plans examiners and building inspectors

  5. Building Construction Technology Syllabus

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Garrison, Kirk

    This document is a course syllabus for Kirk Garrison's building construction technology class, taught at Portland Community College. The class focuses on interpreting code language, tables, illustrations, and navigating the building codes book. This syllabus includes a course schedule, including concepts to be covered each week. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

  6. State Requirements for Educational Facilities

    E-print Network

    Meyers, Steven D.

    of Education, Office of Educational Facilities home page: http://www.fldoe.org/edfacil/ Florida Building CodeState Requirements for Educational Facilities 2012 Florida Department of Education Office of Educational Facilities #12;#12;State Requirements for Educational Facilities 2012 Adopted by the State Board

  7. Building sector: state of the market and two models on how to reach it

    SciTech Connect

    Holtz, M.J.

    1980-08-30

    Two subjects related to marketing solar energy in the buildings sector are discussed: first, the market size defined in terms of number of housing units and square feet of commercial floor space and their energy use characteristics and, second, several models SERI has developed and is using to move solar energy/energy efficiency into the mainstream of residential and commercial building construction. (MHR)

  8. State of the stock—What do we know about existing buildings and their future prospects?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joe Ravetz

    2008-01-01

    The UK building stock has seen major changes in the last 50 years, in its form, fabric and function. The context is the expansion of the building stock and built infrastructure, which takes place in most areas at 1–2% per year, with the implication that up to 75% of the dwellings of the year 2050 already exist now. This is

  9. Building on Family Strengths: Research and Services in Support of Children and Their Families. Proceedings of the Building on Family Strengths Annual Conference (14th, Portland, Oregon, May 31-June 2, 2007) and State of the Science Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swart, Sandra, Ed.; Friesen, Barbara, Ed.; Holman, Ariel, Ed.; Aue, Nicole, Ed.

    2009-01-01

    The State of the Science conference was held in May, 2007 as part of the ongoing series of national conferences, "Building on Family Strengths," conducted by the Research and Training Center on Family Support and Children's Mental Health at Portland State University. The theme of this State-of-the Science conference was "Effective services for all…

  10. Build Less Code, Deliver More Science: An Experience Report on Composing Scientific Environments using Component-based and Commodity Software Platforms

    SciTech Connect

    Gorton, Ian [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Computational Sciences and Math Division; Liu, Yan [Concordia University Montreal, Quebec, (Canada).; Lansing, Carina S. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Computational Sciences and Math Division; Elsethagen, Todd O. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Computational Sciences and Math Division; Kleese van Dam, Kerstin [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Computational Sciences and Math Division

    2013-07-17

    Modern scientific software is daunting in its diversity and complexity. From massively parallel simulations running on the world’s largest supercomputers, to visualizations and user support environments that manage ever growing complex data collections, the challenges for software engineers are plentiful. While high performance simulators are necessarily specialized codes to maximize performance on specific supercomputer architectures, we argue the vast majority of supporting infrastructure, data management and analysis tools can leverage commodity open source and component-based technologies. This approach can significantly drive down the effort and costs of building complex, collaborative scientific user environments, as well as increase their reliability and extensibility. In this paper we describe our experiences in creating an initial user environment for scientists involved in modeling the detailed effects of climate change on the environment of selected geographical regions. Our approach composes the user environment using the Velo scientific knowledge management platform and the MeDICi Integration Framework for scientific workflows. These established platforms leverage component-based technologies and extend commodity open source platforms with abstractions and capabilities that make them amenable for broad use in science. Using this approach we were able to deliver an operational user environment capable of running thousands of simulations in a 7 month period, and achieve significant software reuse.

  11. Spotlight on Speech Codes 2012: The State of Free Speech on Our Nation's Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foundation for Individual Rights in Education (NJ1), 2012

    2012-01-01

    The U.S. Supreme Court has called America's colleges and universities "vital centers for the Nation's intellectual life," but the reality today is that many of these institutions severely restrict free speech and open debate. Speech codes--policies prohibiting student and faculty speech that would, outside the bounds of campus, be protected by the…

  12. FIVE-DIGIT ZIP CODE BOUNDARIES FOR THE CONTERMINOUS UNITED STATES

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Five-Digit ZIP (Zoning Improvement Plan) Code boundary layer (zip5) is derived from the Geographic Data Technology (GDT), Inc. ZIP Boundary and Inventory Files (v. 5.0) and stored in the EPA Spatial Data Library System (ESDLS). This layer contains data for the conterminous U...

  13. SALT (System Analysis Language Translater): A steady state and dynamic systems code

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Berry; H. Geyer

    1983-01-01

    SALT (System Analysis Language Translater) is a lumped parameter approach to system analysis which is totally modular. The modules are all precompiled and only the main program, which is generated by SALT, needs to be compiled for each unique system configuration. This is a departure from other lumped parameter codes where all models are written by MACROS and then compiled

  14. Environmental issues in planning building energy technologies R D in the United States

    SciTech Connect

    Farhar, B.C. (Solar Energy Research Inst., Golden, CO (United States)); Abel, F.H. (USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)); Nicholls, A.K. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)); Millhone, J.P. (USDOE Assistant Secretary for Conservation and Renewable Energy, Washington, DC (United States). Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Building Technologies)

    1991-08-01

    The US Department of Energy's Office of Building Technologies (OBT) has begun studies on the relationship and impact of buildings energy use on the environment, particularly with respect to global climate change, acid rain, stratospheric ozone depletion, and indoor air quality. The paper presents an overview of international and US federal activity in global change to set OBT's activities in context. The paper then reviews briefly the contribution of buildings to atmospheric problems through building energy use. OBT's program primarily supports projects with indirect environmental impacts through energy efficiency (e.g., thermally activated heat pumps use natural gas instead of electricity) and the use of renewables in buildings. The paper briefly describes the OBT program and covers an inventory of projects that OBT has funded on environmental/building problems. Analyses have included three kinds of topics: (1) CFC substitutes for refrigeration equipment, (2) incorporating the cost of externalities into utility electricity generation, and (3) indoor air quality. The paper shows how environmental issues are being taken into account in planning the US R D program in building energy technologies. 27 refs.

  15. PERMANENT MAILING ADDRESS APT. NO. CITY STATE ZIP CODE TELEPHONE U.S. SOCIAL SECURITY NO. OR UH STUDENT ID NO.

    E-print Network

    PERMANENT MAILING ADDRESS APT. NO. CITY STATE ZIP CODE TELEPHONE U.S. SOCIAL SECURITY NO. OR UH, MIDDLE NAME PREVIOUS NAME USED AT UHM TELEPHONE: RESIDENCE BUSINESS ( ) BIRTHDATE (MO/DAY/YR) BIRTHPLACE

  16. Energy Savings Assessment for the Robert E. Johnson State Office Building in Austin, Texas 

    E-print Network

    Sylvester, K. E.; Haberl, J. S.; Song, S.; Turner, W. D.

    2002-01-01

    sunlight during the afternoon hours. It is also important to note that the building contains over 50% glazing in the fa?ade consisting of two types of glazing and that deciduous trees line a significant portion of the south fa?ade up to the 3rd level... the building intended and actual material specifications, especially glazing. g167g32 Conduct building walkthroughs to verify the existing architecture and systems g167g32 Conduct targeted systems audits to determine the actual operation and parameters...

  17. Assessment of Impacts from Updating North Dakota’s Residential Energy Code to Comply with the 2000 International Energy Conservation Code

    SciTech Connect

    Lucas, Robert G.

    2004-05-01

    The current North Dakota state energy code is the Council of American Building Officials (CABO) 1993 Model Energy Code (MEC) (CABO 1993). Local jurisdictions can choose to adopt this code. CABO has been transformed into the International Code Council (ICC) and the MEC has been renamed the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). The most recent edition of the code is the 2003 IECC (ICC 2003). North Dakota's Department of Community Services requested that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) compare the 1993 MEC with the 2000 IECC to estimate impacts from updating North Dakota's residential energy code to comply with the new code. Under DOE's direction, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) completed an assessment of the impacts from this potential code upgrade, including impacts on construction and energy consumption costs.

  18. 17. BUILDING NO. 252, PRESS LOADING BUILDING, LOOKING WEST AT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. BUILDING NO. 252, PRESS LOADING BUILDING, LOOKING WEST AT SOUTH SIDE OF BUILDING. BUILDING NO. 252-D IN BACKGROUND. - Picatinny Arsenal, 200 Area, Shell Component Loading, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

  19. Lessons Learned from Continuous Commissioning of the Robert E. Johnson State Office Building, Austin, TX 

    E-print Network

    Bynum, J.; Claridge, D. E.

    2008-09-22

    into the final construction. During the investigation of the building, four energy conservation measures were identified, three of which deal with conventional HVAC systems. The fourth is related to the currently unutilized daylighting system which was one...

  20. State of the Art Study - How is Environmental Performance Measured for Buildings\\/Constructions?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anne Rønning; Kari-Anne Lyng

    \\u000a Several studies have used life cycle assessments to measure the impacts of energy consumption in different building stocks\\u000a in a quantitative way. The use of LCA as the assessing tool has become commonly used in this respect. Today, greenhouse gas\\u000a emissions from buildings are mostly linked to energy consumption during its operation period. Through increasingly stringent\\u000a energy requirements and other

  1. A three-dimensional turbine engine analysis compressor code (TEACC) for steady-state inlet distortion

    SciTech Connect

    Hale, A. [Sverdrup Technology, Inc., Arnold AFB, TN (United States); O`Brien, W. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Mechanical Engineering Dept.

    1998-07-01

    The direct approach of modeling the flow between all blade passages for each blade row in the compressor is too computationally intensive for practical design and analysis investigations with inlet distortion. Therefore a new simulation tool called the Turbine Engine Analysis Compressor Code (TEACC) has been developed. TEACC solves the compressible, time-dependent, three-dimensional Euler equations modified to include turbomachinery source terms, which represent the effect of the blades. The source terms are calculated for each blade row by the application of a streamline curvature code. TEACC was validated against experimental data from the transonic NASA rotor, Rotor 1B, for a clean inlet and for an inlet distortion produced by a 90-deg, one-per-revolution distortion screen. TEACC revealed that strong swirl produced by the rotor caused the compressor to increase in loading in the direction of rotor rotation through the distorted region and decrease in loading circumferentially away from the distorted region.

  2. Modeling the effect of climate change on U.S. state-level buildings energy demands in an integrated assessment framework

    SciTech Connect

    Zhou, Yuyu; Clarke, Leon E.; Eom, Jiyong; Kyle, G. Page; Patel, Pralit L.; Kim, Son H.; Dirks, James A.; Jensen, Erik A.; Liu, Ying; Rice, Jennie S.; Schmidt, Laurel C.; Seiple, Timothy E.

    2014-01-01

    As long-term socioeconomic transformation and energy service expansion show large spatial heterogeneity, advanced understanding of climate impact on building energy use at the sub-national level will offer useful insights into climate policy and regional energy system planning. In this study, we presented a detailed building energy model with a U.S. state-level representation, nested in the GCAM integrated assessment framework. We projected state-level building energy demand and its spatial pattern over the century, considering the impact of climate change based on the estimates of heating and cooling degree days derived from downscaled USGS CASCaDE temperature data. The result indicates that climate change has a large impact on heating and cooling building energy and fuel use at the state level, exhibiting large spatial heterogeneity across states (ranges from -10% to +10%). The sensitivity analysis reveals that the building energy demand is subject to multiple key factors, such as the magnitude of climate change, the choice of climate models, and the growth of population and GDP, and that their relative contributions vary greatly across the space. The scale impact in building energy use modeling highlights the importance of constructing a building energy model with the spatially-explicit representation of socioeconomics, energy system development, and climate change. These findings will help the climate-based policy decision and energy system, especially utility planning related to building sector at the U.S. state and regional level facing the potential climate change.

  3. Cost-Effective Energy Efficiency Measures for Above Code (ASHRAE 90.1-2001 and 2007) Small Retail Buildings in the City of Arlington (Presentation) (Revised) , Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A&M University.

    E-print Network

    Kim, H.; Do, S; Kim, K.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J.; Lewis, C.

    2011-01-01

    COST-EFFECTIVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY MEASURES FOR ABOVE CODE (ASHRAE 90.1-2001 and 2007) SMALL RETAIL BUILDINGS IN THE CITY OF ARLINGTON A Research Project for the City of Arlington ENERGY SYSTEMS LABORATORY Texas Engineering Experiment Station Texas... A&M University System October 5, 2011 (Revised: January 5, 2012) ESL-TR-11-10-06 ENERGY SYSTEMS LABORATORY Background ? Results of the current project: Recommendations of 16 energy efficiency measures (EEMs) to maximize energy savings for small...

  4. OpenMC: A State-of-the-Art Monte Carlo Code for Research and Development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Romano, Paul K.; Horelik, Nicholas E.; Herman, Bryan R.; Nelson, Adam G.; Forget, Benoit; Smith, Kord

    2014-06-01

    This paper gives an overview of OpenMC, an open source Monte Carlo particle transport code recently developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. OpenMC uses continuous-energy cross sections and a constructive solid geometry representation, enabling high-fidelity modeling of nuclear reactors and other systems. Modern, portable input/output file formats are used in OpenMC: XML for input, and HDF5 for output. High performance parallel algorithms in OpenMC have demonstrated near-linear scaling to over 100,000 processors on modern supercomputers. Other topics discussed in this paper include plotting, CMFD acceleration, variance reduction, eigenvalue calculations, and software development processes.

  5. Building condition monitoring

    E-print Network

    Samouhos, Stephen V. (Stephen Vincent), 1982-

    2010-01-01

    The building sector of the United States currently consumes over 40% of the United States primary energy supply. Estimates suggest that between 5 and 30% of any building's annual energy consumption is unknowingly wasted ...

  6. Title 16 united states code §55 and its implications for management of concession facilities in Yosemite National Park

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lemons, John

    1987-08-01

    Yosemite National Park is one of the nation's most scenic and ecologically/geologically important parks. Unfortunately, the park is subject to extensive development of concession facilities and associated high levels of visitor use. Those concerned with preservation of the park's resources have attempted to limit the types and extent of such facilities to reduce adverse impacts. Strictly speaking, resolution of the preservation versus use controversy must be based on whether the National Park Service is adhering to its legislative mandate to regulate development and use in the parks. The common interpretation of legislative mandates for national parks, including Yosemite, is that they call for a difficult balancing between the conflicting goals of preservation and use. Accordingly, although concession developments cause significant impacts, they usually have been interpreted to be within the legal discretion allowed the secretary of the interior. However, the usual interpretations of the meanings of legislative mandates for Yosemite National Park have not considered Title 16 United States Code §55, which is a very restrictive statute limiting concession facilities. Many of the limitations imposed on concession facilities by the plain language of the statute have been exceeded. If it can be shown that 16 United States Code §55 is a valid statute, the policy implications for park management in Yosemite National Park would be considerable — namely, that significant reductions in concession facilities could be required. This article examines whether the statute can reasonably be thought to be valid and encourages others to conduct further examination of this question.

  7. Building Public Governing Board Capacity through State-Level Education Programs for College and University Board Members. State Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 2013

    2013-01-01

    State policymakers and the public at large have a vested interest in the successful governance of their higher education system. The citizens who are appointed or elected to serve as trustees and regents of the state's colleges and universities oversee valuable public assets that they hold in trust for the state and current and future…

  8. The HART II International Workshop: An Assessment of the State-of-the-Art in Comprehensive Code Prediction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    vanderWall, Berend G.; Lim, Joon W.; Smith, Marilyn J.; Jung, Sung N.; Bailly, Joelle; Baeder, James D.; Boyd, D. Douglas, Jr.

    2013-01-01

    Significant advancements in computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and their coupling with computational structural dynamics (CSD, or comprehensive codes) for rotorcraft applications have been achieved recently. Despite this, CSD codes with their engineering level of modeling the rotor blade dynamics, the unsteady sectional aerodynamics and the vortical wake are still the workhorse for the majority of applications. This is especially true when a large number of parameter variations is to be performed and their impact on performance, structural loads, vibration and noise is to be judged in an approximate yet reliable and as accurate as possible manner. In this article, the capabilities of such codes are evaluated using the HART II International Workshop database, focusing on a typical descent operating condition which includes strong blade-vortex interactions. A companion article addresses the CFD/CSD coupled approach. Three cases are of interest: the baseline case and two cases with 3/rev higher harmonic blade root pitch control (HHC) with different control phases employed. One setting is for minimum blade-vortex interaction noise radiation and the other one for minimum vibration generation. The challenge is to correctly predict the wake physics-especially for the cases with HHC-and all the dynamics, aerodynamics, modifications of the wake structure and the aero-acoustics coming with it. It is observed that the comprehensive codes used today have a surprisingly good predictive capability when they appropriately account for all of the physics involved. The minimum requirements to obtain these results are outlined. XXXX The HART-II Workshops have resulted in significant improvement in the knowledge of how reliable the most utilized comprehensive codes from industry can predict rotor behavior with higher harmonic controls and blade vortex interactions. Without the collaboration provided via the Workshop series, it would not have been possible to determine the current state of the art, including the strengths and weaknesses of these methodologies. For future work, it is recommended that testing of these rotor blade types include measurement of blade bending and torsion across the entire span to provide a more complete database. It is also recommended that a very detailed and reliable knowledge of the blade structural properties be included, as questions in the appropriate modeling of the blade can render the numerical conclusions less useful. Further, it is suggested that the impact of the fuselage on wake trajectories and hence the BVI locations be further investigated.

  9. Coding for Electronic Mail

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rice, R. F.; Lee, J. J.

    1986-01-01

    Scheme for coding facsimile messages promises to reduce data transmission requirements to one-tenth current level. Coding scheme paves way for true electronic mail in which handwritten, typed, or printed messages or diagrams sent virtually instantaneously - between buildings or between continents. Scheme, called Universal System for Efficient Electronic Mail (USEEM), uses unsupervised character recognition and adaptive noiseless coding of text. Image quality of resulting delivered messages improved over messages transmitted by conventional coding. Coding scheme compatible with direct-entry electronic mail as well as facsimile reproduction. Text transmitted in this scheme automatically translated to word-processor form.

  10. 76 FR 11339 - Update to NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, for State Home Facilities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-02

    ...012, Veterans Prescription Service; 64.013, Veterans Prosthetic Appliances; 64.014, Veterans State Domiciliary Care...programs-- veterans, Health care, Health facilities, Health professions, Health records, Incorporation by reference, Mental...

  11. A non-critical string (Liouville) approach to brain microtubules: State vector reduction, memory coding and capacity

    SciTech Connect

    Mavromatos, N.E. [Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom). Dept. of Physics] [Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom). Dept. of Physics; Nanopoulos, D.V. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)] [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); [Houston Advanced Research Center, The Woodlands, TX (United States)

    1997-03-20

    Microtubule (MT) networks, subneural paracrystalline cytoskeletal structures, seem to play a fundamental role in the neurons. The authors cast here the complicated MT dynamics in the form of a (1 + 1)-dimensional noncritical string theory, thus enabling them to provide a consistent quantum treatment of MTs, including environmental friction effects. They suggest, thus, that the MTs are the microsites, in the brain, for the emergence of stable, macroscopic quantum coherent states, identifiable with the preconscious states. Quantum space-time effects, as described by noncritical string theory, trigger than an organized collapse of the coherent states down to a specific or conscious state. The whole process they estimate to take {Omicron}(1 sec), in excellent agreement with a plethora of experimental/observational findings. The microscopic arrow of time, endemic in noncritical string theory, and apparent here in the self-collapse process, provides a satisfactory and simple resolution to the age-old problem of how the, central to one`s feelings of awareness, sensation of the progression of time is generated. In addition, the complete integrability of the stringy model for MT the authors advocate in this work proves sufficient in providing a satisfactory solution to memory coding and capacity. Such features might turn out to be important for a model of the brain as a quantum computer.

  12. Nonresidential Building Energy Use Disclosure Program

    E-print Network

    · ·/ Nonresidential Building Energy Use Disclosure Program California Code of Regulations Title Commission Chapter 4. Energy Conservation Article 9. Nonresidential Building Benchmarking and Disclosure Performance Scores for nonresidential buildings in California. Note: Authority cited: Sections 25213, 25218(e

  13. ORDINANCE NO.________ AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY OF BURLINGAME AMENDING TITLE 18 OF THE CODE OF THE

    E-print Network

    in the center of the residential area. Green Building encourages water conservation and improved energy OF THE CITY OF BURLINGAME; ADOPTING BY REFERENCE THE 2010 CALIFORNIA GREEN BUILDING STANDARDS CODE (CALGREEN, much of it on fill. The United States Geologic Survey, the California Division of Mines and Geology

  14. Environmental Scan. Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series No. 2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halfon, Neal; Uyeda, Kimberly; Inkelas, Moira; Kumar, Vani; Wright, Janel; Tullis, Ericka; Rice, Thomas

    2004-01-01

    This brief outlines both the national and state environments and summarizes the opportunities and challenges that need to be taken into account as states move forward to develop comprehensive early childhood systems. It is adapted from and summarizes a full report entitled "Planning for the State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Initiative…

  15. FRAPCON-3: A computer code for the calculation of steady-state, thermal-mechanical behavior of oxide fuel rods for high burnup

    SciTech Connect

    Berna, G.A.; Beyer, G.A.; Davis, K.L.; Lanning, D.D.

    1997-12-01

    FRAPCON-3 is a FORTRAN IV computer code that calculates the steady-state response of light water reactor fuel rods during long-term burnup. The code calculates the temperature, pressure, and deformation of a fuel rod as functions of time-dependent fuel rod power and coolant boundary conditions. The phenomena modeled by the code include (1) heat conduction through the fuel and cladding, (2) cladding elastic and plastic deformation, (3) fuel-cladding mechanical interaction, (4) fission gas release, (5) fuel rod internal gas pressure, (6) heat transfer between fuel and cladding, (7) cladding oxidation, and (8) heat transfer from cladding to coolant. The code contains necessary material properties, water properties, and heat-transfer correlations. The codes` integral predictions of mechanical behavior have not been assessed against a data base, e.g., cladding strain or failure data. Therefore, it is recommended that the code not be used for analyses of cladding stress or strain. FRAPCON-3 is programmed for use on both mainframe computers and UNIX-based workstations such as DEC 5000 or SUN Sparcstation 10. It is also programmed for personal computers with FORTRAN compiler software and at least 8 to 10 megabytes of random access memory (RAM). The FRAPCON-3 code is designed to generate initial conditions for transient fuel rod analysis by the FRAPTRAN computer code (formerly named FRAP-T6).

  16. An implicit steady-state initialization package for the RELAP5 computer code

    SciTech Connect

    Paulsen, M.P.; Peterson, C.E.; Odar, F.

    1995-08-01

    A direct steady-state initialization (DSSI) method has been developed and implemented in the RELAP5 hydrodynamic analysis program. It provides a means for users to specify a small set of initial conditions which are then propagated through the remainder of the system. The DSSI scheme utilizes the steady-state form of the RELAP5 balance equations for nonequilibrium two-phase flow. It also employs the RELAP5 component models and constitutive model packages for wall-to-phase and interphase momentum and heat exchange. A fully implicit solution of the linearized hydrodynamic equations is implemented. An implicit coupling scheme is used to augment the standard steady-state heat conduction solution for steam generator use. It solves the primary-side tube region energy equations, heat conduction equations, wall heat flux boundary conditions, and overall energy balance equation as a coupled system of equations and improves convergence. The DSSI method for initializing RELAP5 problems to steady-state conditions has been compared with the transient solution scheme using a suite of test problems including; adiabatic single-phase liquid and vapor flow through channels with and without healing and area changes; a heated two-phase test bundle representative of BWR core conditions; and a single-loop PWR model.

  17. 75 FR 17644 - Update to NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, for State Home Facilities

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-07

    ...receive a per diem for providing nursing home care to eligible Veterans will...per diem to a State for providing nursing home care to eligible veterans. Currently...Benefits; 64.010, Veterans Nursing Home Care; 64.011, Veterans...

  18. Aspergillus, its sexual states and the new International Code of Nomenclature.

    PubMed

    Pitt, John I; Taylor, John W

    2014-01-01

    The newly adopted International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and plants (ICN) demands that dimorphic fungi, in particular those with both sexual and asexual names, now bear a single name. Although priority is no longer associated with the mode of reproduction, the ICN requires justification for choosing an asexual name over an existing sexual one. The phylogenetic approach that made dual nomenclature for fungi obsolete can be used to help choose names for large groups of fungi that are best known by asexual names. Here we apply this approach to one of the largest and most diverse asexual genera, the genus Aspergillus. We find that existing sexual names may be given to well supported clades of fungi with distinct phenotypes, which include sexual morphology as well as physiological attributes associated with xerophily, thermophily and mycotoxin production. One group of species important to food production and food safety, Aspergillus subgen. Circumdati, lacks a well supported clade; here we propose that the name Aspergillus be retained for this group. Recognizing that nomenclature has economic and social implications, particularly for old, important genera, we discuss the consequences of various scenarios to implement the new "one name for one fungus" article in the ICN, showing that our approach requires the fewest appeals to the ICN while retaining the name Aspergillus for many of the most economically and socially important species. PMID:24871603

  19. Improving the quality of the experimental reconstructions as the initial equilibrium state for the NIMROD code

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    King, Jacob; Kruger, Scott; NIMROD Team

    2014-10-01

    High quality equilibria are essential for extended-MHD modeling with the initial-value NIMROD code. Typically the spatial resolution requirements for extended-MHD modeling, which must resolve singular-layer physics and highly anisotropic diffusion, are more stringent than the resolution of equilibrium reconstructions from experimental discharges. With the current workflow, reconstructed fields are mapped onto the NIMROD finite-element grid, and the disparity between the coarse resolution reconstruction and the fine resolution FE grid can create artificial small-scale artifacts. Extended-MHD modeling, which contains many high-order differential operators, can be corrupted by the mapping errors. We describe efforts to re-solve the Grad-Shafranov equation with open-flux regions using the NIMEQ solver to generate a new equilibrium while using the mapped results for both an initial guess and to specify the boundary conditions. Effects on computations with and without the re-solving for force balance will be described. Work funded by US DOE.

  20. Generalized serial search code acquisition - The equivalent circular state diagram approach

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Polydoros, A.; Simon, M. K.

    1984-01-01

    A transform-domain method for deriving the generating function of the acquisition process resulting from an arbitrary serial search strategy is presented. The method relies on equivalent circular state diagrams, uses Mason's formula from flow-graph theory, and employs a minimum number of required parameters. The transform-domain approach is briefly described and the concept of equivalent circular state diagrams is introduced and exploited to derive the generating function and resulting mean acquisition time for three particular cases of interest, the continuous/center Z search, the broken/center Z search, and the expanding window search. An optimization of the latter technique is performed whereby the number of partial windows which minimizes the mean acquisition time is determined. The numerical results satisfy certain intuitive predictions and provide useful design guidelines for such systems.

  1. MCNP code

    SciTech Connect

    Cramer, S.N.

    1984-01-01

    The MCNP code is the major Monte Carlo coupled neutron-photon transport research tool at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, and it represents the most extensive Monte Carlo development program in the United States which is available in the public domain. The present code is the direct descendent of the original Monte Carlo work of Fermi, von Neumaum, and Ulam at Los Alamos in the 1940s. Development has continued uninterrupted since that time, and the current version of MCNP (or its predecessors) has always included state-of-the-art methods in the Monte Carlo simulation of radiation transport, basic cross section data, geometry capability, variance reduction, and estimation procedures. The authors of the present code have oriented its development toward general user application. The documentation, though extensive, is presented in a clear and simple manner with many examples, illustrations, and sample problems. In addition to providing the desired results, the output listings give a a wealth of detailed information (some optional) concerning each state of the calculation. The code system is continually updated to take advantage of advances in computer hardware and software, including interactive modes of operation, diagnostic interrupts and restarts, and a variety of graphical and video aids.

  2. Jackson Park Hospital Green Building Medical Center

    SciTech Connect

    William Dorsey; Nelson Vasquez

    2010-03-31

    Jackson Park Hospital completed the construction of a new Medical Office Building on its campus this spring. The new building construction has adopted the City of Chicago's recent focus on protecting the environment, and conserving energy and resources, with the introduction of green building codes. Located in a poor, inner city neighborhood on the South side of Chicago, Jackson Park Hospital has chosen green building strategies to help make the area a better place to live and work. The new green building houses the hospital's Family Medicine Residency Program and Specialty Medical Offices. The residency program has been vital in attracting new, young physicians to this medically underserved area. The new outpatient center will also help to allure needed medical providers to the community. The facility also has areas designated to women's health and community education. The Community Education Conference Room will provide learning opportunities to area residents. Emphasis will be placed on conserving resources and protecting our environment, as well as providing information on healthcare access and preventive medicine. The new Medical Office Building was constructed with numerous energy saving features. The exterior cladding of the building is an innovative, locally-manufactured precast concrete panel system with integral insulation that achieves an R-value in excess of building code requirements. The roof is a 'green roof' covered by native plantings, lessening the impact solar heat gain on the building, and reducing air conditioning requirements. The windows are low-E, tinted, and insulated to reduce cooling requirements in summer and heating requirements in winter. The main entrance has an air lock to prevent unconditioned air from entering the building and impacting interior air temperatures. Since much of the traffic in and out of the office building comes from the adjacent Jackson Park Hospital, a pedestrian bridge connects the two buildings, further decreasing the amount of unconditioned air that enters the office building. The HVAC system has an Energy Efficiency Rating 29% greater than required. No CFC based refrigerants were used in the HVAC system, thus reducing the emission of compounds that contribute to ozone depletion and global warming. In addition, interior light fixtures employ the latest energy-efficient lamp and ballast technology. Interior lighting throughout the building is operated by sensors that will automatically turn off lights inside a room when the room is unoccupied. The electrical traction elevators use less energy than typical elevators, and they are made of 95% recycled material. Further, locally manufactured products were used throughout, minimizing the amount of energy required to construct this building. The primary objective was to construct a 30,000 square foot medical office building on the Jackson Park Hospital campus that would comply with newly adopted City of Chicago green building codes focusing on protecting the environment and conserving energy and resources. The energy saving systems demonstrate a state of the-art whole-building approach to energy efficient design and construction. The energy efficiency and green aspects of the building contribute to the community by emphasizing the environmental and economic benefits of conserving resources. The building highlights the integration of Chicago's new green building codes into a poor, inner city neighborhood project and it is designed to attract medical providers and physicians to a medically underserved area.

  3. Performance Analysis of Block Codes over Finite-state Channels in Delay-sensitive Communications

    E-print Network

    Hamidi Sepehr, Fatemeh

    2014-01-22

    of the queue length (Pr(queue length > ?)), is displayed for geometric and constant packet length, N = 63. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 II.10 CCDF of the stationary queue length for Poisson and periodic (constant) packet arrival, N = 63... that the current state is c. For groups of random variables, we use the common expression P·|·(·|·) to denote conditional joint probability mass functions. Accordingly, we can write PCn+1|Cn(d|c) = Pr(Cn+1 = d|Cn = c), where c, d ? {b, g}. In a similar fashion, PCn+N...

  4. Energy Codes and Standards: Facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Bartlett, Rosemarie; Halverson, Mark A.; Shankle, Diana L.

    2007-01-01

    Energy codes and standards play a vital role in the marketplace by setting minimum requirements for energy-efficient design and construction. They outline uniform requirements for new buildings as well as additions and renovations. This article covers basic knowledge of codes and standards; development processes of each; adoption, implementation, and enforcement of energy codes and standards; and voluntary energy efficiency programs.

  5. Diagnosis code assignment: models and evaluation metrics

    PubMed Central

    Perotte, Adler; Pivovarov, Rimma; Natarajan, Karthik; Weiskopf, Nicole; Wood, Frank; Elhadad, Noémie

    2014-01-01

    Background and objective The volume of healthcare data is growing rapidly with the adoption of health information technology. We focus on automated ICD9 code assignment from discharge summary content and methods for evaluating such assignments. Methods We study ICD9 diagnosis codes and discharge summaries from the publicly available Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care II (MIMIC II) repository. We experiment with two coding approaches: one that treats each ICD9 code independently of each other (flat classifier), and one that leverages the hierarchical nature of ICD9 codes into its modeling (hierarchy-based classifier). We propose novel evaluation metrics, which reflect the distances among gold-standard and predicted codes and their locations in the ICD9 tree. Experimental setup, code for modeling, and evaluation scripts are made available to the research community. Results The hierarchy-based classifier outperforms the flat classifier with F-measures of 39.5% and 27.6%, respectively, when trained on 20?533 documents and tested on 2282 documents. While recall is improved at the expense of precision, our novel evaluation metrics show a more refined assessment: for instance, the hierarchy-based classifier identifies the correct sub-tree of gold-standard codes more often than the flat classifier. Error analysis reveals that gold-standard codes are not perfect, and as such the recall and precision are likely underestimated. Conclusions Hierarchy-based classification yields better ICD9 coding than flat classification for MIMIC patients. Automated ICD9 coding is an example of a task for which data and tools can be shared and for which the research community can work together to build on shared models and advance the state of the art. PMID:24296907

  6. Building Ready States: A Governor's Guide to Supporting a Comprehensive, High-Quality Early Childhood State System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demma, Rachel

    2010-01-01

    Developing an effective and efficient early childhood state system will involve efforts to support program quality and a highly qualified professional workforce based on clearly articulated standards for child development and school readiness. This kind of system improvement will rely on collaborative governance, integrated data to drive and…

  7. A Non-critical String (Liouville) Approach to Brain Microtubules: State Vector reduction, Memory coding and Capacity

    E-print Network

    N. E. Mavromatos; D. V. Nanopoulos

    1996-01-09

    Microtubule (MT) networks, subneural paracrystalline cytosceletal structures, seem to play a fundamental role in the neurons. We cast here the complicated MT dynamics in the form of a $1+1$-dimensional non-critical string theory, thus enabling us to provide a consistent quantum treatment of MTs, including enviromental {\\em friction} effects. Quantum space-time effects, as described by non-critical string theory, trigger then an {\\em organized collapse} of the coherent states down to a specific or {\\em conscious state}. The whole process we estimate to take ${\\cal O}(1\\,{\\rm sec})$. The {\\em microscopic arrow of time}, endemic in non-critical string theory, and apparent here in the self-collapse process, provides a satisfactory and simple resolution to the age-old problem of how the, central to our feelings of awareness, sensation of the progression of time is generated. In addition, the complete integrability of the stringy model for MT we advocate in this work proves sufficient in providing a satisfactory solution to memory coding and capacity. Such features might turn out to be important for a model of the brain as a quantum computer.

  8. Building Hierarchical Models of Avian Distributions for the State of Georgia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jay E. Howell; James T. Peterson; Michael J. Conroy

    2008-01-01

    To predict the distributions of breeding birds in the state of Georgia, USA, we built hierarchical models consisting of 4 levels of nested mapping units of decreasing area: 90,000 ha, 3,600 ha, 144 ha, and 5.76 ha. We used the Partners in Flight database of point counts to generate presence and absence data at locations across the state of Georgia

  9. Globalization and Community Organizing: Building Today’s Local-Global Movement in the United States

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Walda Katz-Fishman; Jerome Scott

    Economic, political, and social crises are deeply affecting communities throughout the United States. In the United States\\u000a the long history of genocide of indigenous peoples, enslavement of African peoples, the economic exploitation of working people\\u000a including many immigrant communities, the inequality of women of these communities and classes, wars of conquest and expansion\\u000a of the continental U.S., and ecocide (the

  10. Impact of the FY 2009 Building Technologies Program on United States Employment and Earned Income

    SciTech Connect

    Livingston, Olga V.; Scott, Michael J.; Hostick, Donna J.; Dirks, James A.; Cort, Katherine A.

    2008-06-17

    The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of subprograms on national employment and income. A special purpose input-output model called ImSET is used in this study of 14 Building Technologies Program subprograms in the EERE final FY 2009 budget request to the Office of Management and Budget in February 2008. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and earned income are reported by subprogram for selected years to the year 2025. Energy savings and investments from these subprograms have the potential of creating a total of 258,000 jobs and about $3.7 billion in earned income (2007$) by the year 2025.

  11. Approved Module Information for EC208C, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Building Control Module Code: EC208C

    E-print Network

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    by the Building Regulations Module Delivery Methods of Delivery & Learning Hours (by each method): Method. Seminars and tutorials will enable students to explore the various aspects of the subject and promote self-learning, self-learning a

  12. Building Inspection Technology Syllabus

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Anderson, Debra

    This document is a course syllabus for Debra Anderson's building inspection technology class, taught at Portland Community College. The main goal of the course is to teach students the building inspection review process, code requirements and evaluating the adequacy of structural elements. This syllabus includes a course schedule, including concepts to be covered each week. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

  13. Building-related health symptoms and classroom indoor air quality: a survey of school teachers in New York State.

    PubMed

    Kielb, C; Lin, S; Muscatiello, N; Hord, W; Rogers-Harrington, J; Healy, J

    2015-08-01

    Most previous research on indoor environments and health has studied school children or occupants in non-school settings. This investigation assessed building-related health symptoms and classroom characteristics via telephone survey of New York State school teachers. Participants were asked about 14 building-related symptoms and 23 classroom characteristics potentially related to poor indoor air quality (IAQ). Poisson regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between these symptoms and each classroom characteristic, controlling for potential confounders. About 500 teachers completed the survey. The most frequently reported classroom characteristics included open shelving (70.7%), food eaten in class (65.5%), dust (59.1%), and carpeting (46.9%). The most commonly reported symptoms included sinus problems (16.8%), headache (15.0%), allergies/congestion (14.8%), and throat irritation (14.6%). Experiencing one or more symptoms was associated most strongly with reported dust (relative risk (RR) = 3.67; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.62-5.13), dust reservoirs (RR = 2.13; 95% CI: 1.72-2.65), paint odors (RR = 1.73; 95% CI: 1.40-2.13), mold (RR = 1.71; 95% CI: 1.39-2.11), and moldy odors (RR = 1.65 95% CI: 1.30-2.10). Stronger associations were found with increasing numbers of reported IAQ-related classroom characteristics. Similar results were found with having any building-related allergic/respiratory symptom. This research adds to the body of evidence underscoring the importance to occupant health of school IAQ. PMID:25196499

  14. 6. West side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking southeast ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. West side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking southeast - Naval Air Station Chase Field, Building 1001, Independence Street, .45 mile south of intersection of Texas State Highway & Independence Street, Beeville, Bee County, TX

  15. 9. Interior of Building 1001 (administration building), Room 204, vault, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Interior of Building 1001 (administration building), Room 204, vault, looking east - Naval Air Station Chase Field, Building 1001, Independence Street, .45 mile south of intersection of Texas State Highway & Independence Street, Beeville, Bee County, TX

  16. 5. North side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking southeast ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. North side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking southeast - Naval Air Station Chase Field, Building 1001, Independence Street, .45 mile south of intersection of Texas State Highway & Independence Street, Beeville, Bee County, TX

  17. 3. East side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking west ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. East side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking west - Naval Air Station Chase Field, Building 1001, Independence Street, .45 mile south of intersection of Texas State Highway & Independence Street, Beeville, Bee County, TX

  18. 4. South side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking north ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. South side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking north - Naval Air Station Chase Field, Building 1001, Independence Street, .45 mile south of intersection of Texas State Highway & Independence Street, Beeville, Bee County, TX

  19. Analysis of the Chinese Market for Building Energy Efficiency

    SciTech Connect

    Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd; Shi, Qing

    2014-03-20

    China will account for about half of the new construction globally in the coming decade. Its floorspace doubled from 1996 to 2011, and Chinese rural buildings alone have as much floorspace as all of U.S. residential buildings. Building energy consumption has also grown, increasing by over 40% since 1990. To curb building energy demand, the Chinese government has launched a series of policies and programs. Combined, this growth in buildings and renovations, along with the policies to promote green buildings, are creating a large market for energy efficiency products and services. This report assesses the impact of China’s policies on building energy efficiency and on the market for energy efficiency in the future. The first chapter of this report introduces the trends in China, drawing on both historical analysis, and detailed modeling of the drivers behind changes in floorspace and building energy demand such as economic and population growth, urbanization, policy. The analysis describes the trends by region, building type and energy service. The second chapter discusses China’s policies to promote green buildings. China began developing building energy codes in the 1980s. Over time, the central government has increased the stringency of the code requirements and the extent of enforcement. The codes are mandatory in all new buildings and major renovations in China’s cities, and they have been a driving force behind the expansion of China’s markets for insulation, efficient windows, and other green building materials. China also has several other important policies to encourage efficient buildings, including the Three-Star Rating System (somewhat akin to LEED), financial incentives tied to efficiency, appliance standards, a phasing out of incandescent bulbs and promotion of efficient lighting, and several policies to encourage retrofits in existing buildings. In the third chapter, we take “deep dives” into the trends affecting key building components. This chapter examines insulation in walls and roofs; efficient windows and doors; heating, air conditioning and controls; and lighting. These markets have seen significant growth because of the strength of the construction sector but also the specific policies that require and promote efficient building components. At the same time, as requirements have become more stringent, there has been fierce competition, and quality has at time suffered, which in turn has created additional challenges. Next we examine existing buildings in chapter four. China has many Soviet-style, inefficient buildings built before stringent requirements for efficiency were more widely enforced. As a result, there are several specific market opportunities related to retrofits. These fall into two or three categories. First, China now has a code for retrofitting residential buildings in the north. Local governments have targets of the number of buildings they must retrofit each year, and they help finance the changes. The requirements focus on insulation, windows, and heat distribution. Second, the Chinese government recently decided to increase the scale of its retrofits of government and state-owned buildings. It hopes to achieve large scale changes through energy service contracts, which creates an opportunity for energy service companies. Third, there is also a small but growing trend to apply energy service contracts to large commercial and residential buildings. This report assesses the impacts of China’s policies on building energy efficiency. By examining the existing literature and interviewing stakeholders from the public, academic, and private sectors, the report seeks to offer an in-depth insights of the opportunities and barriers for major market segments related to building energy efficiency. The report also discusses trends in building energy use, policies promoting building energy efficiency, and energy performance contracting for public building retrofits.

  20. City of San Carlos Building Division

    E-print Network

    Building Inspector. 2. Required Checklist: Equivalent programs may only be used at the discretion of the Building Official. 3. Minimum Building Code and Energy Efficiency Requirements: All projects subject to the San Carlos Green Building Ordinance shall meet the mandatory requirements of the California Building

  1. State-level cancer quality assessment and research: building and sustaining the data infrastructure.

    PubMed

    Lipscomb, Joseph; Gillespie, Theresa W

    2011-01-01

    Over a decade ago, the Institute of Medicine called for a national cancer data system in the United States to support quality-of-care assessment and improvement, including research on effective interventions. Although considerable progress has been achieved in cancer quality measurement and effectiveness research, the nation still lacks a population-based data infrastructure for accurately identifying cancer patients and tracking services and outcomes over time. For compelling reasons, the most effective pathway forward may be the development of state-level cancer data systems, in which central registry data are linked to multiple public and private secondary sources. These would include administrative/claims files from Medicare, Medicaid, and private insurers. Moreover, such a state-level system would promote rapid learning by encouraging adoption of near-real-time reporting and feedback systems, such as the Commission on Cancer's new Rapid Quality Reporting System. The groundwork for such a system is being laid in the state of Georgia, and similar work is advancing in other states. The pace of progress depends on the successful resolution of issues related to the application of information technology, financing, and governance. PMID:21799333

  2. Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003

    EIA Publications

    2008-01-01

    The Energy Information Administration conducts the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) to collect information on energy-related building characteristics and types and amounts of energy consumed in commercial buildings in the United States.

  3. WIC in the States: Twenty-Five Years of Building a Healthier America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henchy, Geri; Weill, Jim; Parker, Lynn

    This report is one in a series by the Food Research and Action Center celebrating the achievements of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) in its 25-year history. The report documents the growth in WIC participation nationally and in each state during the program's history. Following a brief discussion…

  4. Forest Policy and Environment Programme: Grey Literature Building state-people relationships in forestry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary Hobley

    Joint forest management (JFM), community forestry, collaborative management are just a few of the terms that have come into use over the last 15 to 20 years to describe a new set of relationships between the state (usually through forest departments) and people living in and close to forests and woodlands. In this overview, the origins of these forms of

  5. Solid state phase change materials for thermal energy storage in passive solar heated buildings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. K. Benson; C. Christensen

    1983-01-01

    A set of solid state phase change materials was evaluated for possible use in passive solar thermal energy storage systems. The most promising materials are organic solid solutions of pentaerythritol, pentaglycerine and neopentyl glycol. Solid solution mixtures of these compounds can be tailored so that they exhibit solid-to-solid phase transformations at any desired temperature within the range from less than

  6. Brownfields to School Sites: How Can the State Facilitate Cleanup To Build Essential Schools?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Legislature, Sacramento. Select Committee on Environmental Justice.

    This document presents background information and testimony concerning the cleanup of potentially contaminated vacant or underutilized property for use as future school sites in low-income and minority communities. Various proposals are offered that would allow the state, where necessary, to facilitate the cleanup of these "brownfields" to create…

  7. Experimental Evaluation of Channel State Dependent Scheduling in an In-building Wireless LAN

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Saman Desilva; Samir Ranjan Das

    1998-01-01

    Wireless links are often subject to burst errors leading to consecutive packet losses, which could be buffered and transmitted later, giving priority to packets on stronger links. This improves overall bandwidth utilization. A channel state dependent scheduling protocol based on the above idea is developed and implemented in a wireless LAN. A commercial wireless LAN, Lucent Technology's Wavelan, is used

  8. Characteristics of clays and properties of building ceramics in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. M. F. Vieira; R. Sánchez; S. N. Monteiro

    2008-01-01

    The general characteristics and technological properties of four types of clays obtained from the same location at the north of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, have been investigated. These clays are intended for applications in ceramics such as bricks and roofing tiles. Clays were first analyzed by X-ray diffraction, chemical composition particle size distribution, thermal analysis and plasticity.

  9. Building the Implicit BSW Curriculum at a Large Southern State University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holosko, Michael; Skinner, Jeffrey; MacCaughelty, Chelsea; Stahl, Kate Morrissey

    2010-01-01

    The Council on Social Work Education's Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards (EPAS) stresses the importance of the implicit curriculum in shaping a school's culture. This timely article describes how the implicit BSW curriculum was developed at a large Southern state university using three Web-based projects: (1) a glossary of terms for…

  10. Coset Codes Viewed as Terminated Convolutional Codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fossorier, Marc P. C.; Lin, Shu

    1996-01-01

    In this paper, coset codes are considered as terminated convolutional codes. Based on this approach, three new general results are presented. First, it is shown that the iterative squaring construction can equivalently be defined from a convolutional code whose trellis terminates. This convolutional code determines a simple encoder for the coset code considered, and the state and branch labelings of the associated trellis diagram become straightforward. Also, from the generator matrix of the code in its convolutional code form, much information about the trade-off between the state connectivity and complexity at each section, and the parallel structure of the trellis, is directly available. Based on this generator matrix, it is shown that the parallel branches in the trellis diagram of the convolutional code represent the same coset code C(sub 1), of smaller dimension and shorter length. Utilizing this fact, a two-stage optimum trellis decoding method is devised. The first stage decodes C(sub 1), while the second stage decodes the associated convolutional code, using the branch metrics delivered by stage 1. Finally, a bidirectional decoding of each received block starting at both ends is presented. If about the same number of computations is required, this approach remains very attractive from a practical point of view as it roughly doubles the decoding speed. This fact is particularly interesting whenever the second half of the trellis is the mirror image of the first half, since the same decoder can be implemented for both parts.

  11. Cost-Effective Energy Efficiency Measures for Above Code (ASHRAE 90.1-2001 and 2007) Restaurant Buildings in the City of Arlington 

    E-print Network

    2011-01-01

    ASHRAE 2007 Building Envelope Area a) DOE Reference FSR Building (1) b) EPLUS file, Deru et al. 2011 c) College Station Restaurant Survey Orientation No reference Aspect Ratio College Station Restaurant Survey Floor to Floor Height Figure 2.6, Zhang et al... (2010) Floor to Ceiling Height Figure 2.6, Zhang et al (2010) a) Zhang et al. (2010) b) College Station Restaurant Survey College Station Restaurant Survey R-15 c.i. R-20 c.i. ASHRAE 90.1 2001 Table 5.5-3, ASHRAE 90.1 2007 Roof Exterior Material Solar...

  12. Eight-state trellis-coded optical modulation with signal constellations of four-dimensional M-ary quadrature-amplitude modulation.

    PubMed

    Ishimura, Shota; Kikuchi, Kazuro

    2015-03-01

    We apply the eight-state trellis-coded modulation (TCM) using signal constellations of four-dimensional M-ary quadrature-amplitude modulation (4D-MQAM) to optical communication systems for the first time to our knowledge. In the TCM scheme, the free distance of the trellis diagram is equal to the minimum distance between constellation points in partitioned subsets, which enlarges the coding gain effectively. In fact, its asymptotic power efficiency is 3-dB larger than that of the set-partitioned 4D-MQAM (SP-4D-MQAM) format, while their spectral efficiencies are the same. Such theoretical predictions are confirmed through computer simulations on eight-state TCM with constellations of 4D-4QAM (i.e., 4D quadrature phase-shift keying: 4D-QPSK) and 4D-16QAM. In particular, eight-state TCM with 4D-QPSK constellations is practically important because of its simple encoder structure, relatively low computational cost, and high coding gain against dual-polarization QPSK (DP-QPSK) and SP-4D-QPSK. Through measurements of its bit-error rate (BER) performance, we confirm that the coding gain against DP-QPSK is about 3 dB at BER=10-3. PMID:25836886

  13. Energy Efficiency of the 2000 International Energy Conservation Code in West Virginia

    SciTech Connect

    Lucas, Robert G.

    2004-11-30

    The West Virginia State Building Code contains two options for energy efficiency requirements in one- and two-family dwellings. One is the International Code Council?s (ICC) 2000 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) (ICC 1999a,b) (87-4-4.1.6). The second is an exception (replacement) for Chapter 11 of the ICC International Residential Code (IRC) (87-4-4.1.7). The West Virginia Energy Efficiency Program, West Virginia Development Office, has asked the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to compare the energy use resulting from the application of the 2000 IECC code and the IRC code, as amended by West Virginia. The Department's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) compared the energy use from compliance with the 2000 IECC to the exception to Chapter 11 of the IRC known as the ''Alternate Energy Code''.

  14. Efficient, transparent, and comprehensive runtime code manipulation

    E-print Network

    Bruening, Derek L. (Derek Lane), 1976-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis addresses the challenges of building a software system for general-purpose runtime code manipulation. Modern applications, with dynamically-loaded modules and dynamically-generated code, are assembled at runtime. ...

  15. Anti-jamming coding techniques with application to cognitive radio

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guosen Yue; Xiaodong Wang

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we consider the design of efficient anti-jamming coding techniques for recovering lost packets transmitted through parallel channels. We present two coding schemes with small overhead and low complexity, namely, rateless coding and piecewise coding. For piecewise coding, we propose the optimal as well as several suboptimal design methods to build short block codes with small number of

  16. A comparison of IBC with 1997 UBC for modal response spectrum analysis in standard-occupancy buildings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nahhas, Tariq M.

    2011-03-01

    This paper presents a comparison of the seismic forces generated from a Modal Response Spectrum Analysis (MRSA) by applying the provisions of two building codes, the 1997 Uniform Building Code (UBC) and the 2000-2009 International Building Code (IBC), to the most common ordinary residential buildings of standard occupancy. Considering IBC as the state of the art benchmark code, the primary concern is the safety of buildings designed using the UBC as compared to those designed using the IBC. A sample of four buildings with different layouts and heights was used for this comparison. Each of these buildings was assumed to be located at four different geographical sample locations arbitrarily selected to represent various earthquake zones on a seismic map of the USA, and was subjected to code-compliant response spectrum analyses for all sample locations and for five different soil types at each location. Response spectrum analysis was performed using the ETABS software package. For all the cases investigated, the UBC was found to be significantly more conservative than the IBC. The UBC design response spectra have higher spectral accelerations, and as a result, the response spectrum analysis provided a much higher base shear and moment in the structural members as compared to the IBC. The conclusion is that ordinary office and residential buildings designed using UBC 1997 are considered to be overdesigned, and therefore they are quite safe even according to the IBC provisions.

  17. Putting Chronic Disease on the Map: Building GIS Capacity in State and Local Health Departments

    PubMed Central

    Casper, Michele; Tootoo, Joshua; Schieb, Linda

    2013-01-01

    Techniques based on geographic information systems (GIS) have been widely adopted and applied in the fields of infectious disease and environmental epidemiology; their use in chronic disease programs is relatively new. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention is collaborating with the National Association of Chronic Disease Directors and the University of Michigan to provide health departments with capacity to integrate GIS into daily operations, which support priorities for surveillance and prevention of chronic diseases. So far, 19 state and 7 local health departments participated in this project. On the basis of these participants’ experiences, we describe our training strategy and identify high-impact GIS skills that can be mastered and applied over a short time in support of chronic disease surveillance. We also describe the web-based resources in the Chronic Disease GIS Exchange that were produced on the basis of this training and are available to anyone interested in GIS and chronic disease (www.cdc.gov/DHDSP/maps/GISX). GIS offers diverse sets of tools that promise increased productivity for chronic disease staff of state and local health departments. PMID:23786907

  18. Building hierarchical models of avian distributions for the State of Georgia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Howell, J.E.; Peterson, J.T.; Conroy, M.J.

    2008-01-01

    To predict the distributions of breeding birds in the state of Georgia, USA, we built hierarchical models consisting of 4 levels of nested mapping units of decreasing area: 90,000 ha, 3,600 ha, 144 ha, and 5.76 ha. We used the Partners in Flight database of point counts to generate presence and absence data at locations across the state of Georgia for 9 avian species: Acadian flycatcher (Empidonax virescens), brownheaded nuthatch (Sitta pusilla), Carolina wren (Thryothorus ludovicianus), indigo bunting (Passerina cyanea), northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis), prairie warbler (Dendroica discolor), yellow-billed cuckoo (Coccyxus americanus), white-eyed vireo (Vireo griseus), and wood thrush (Hylocichla mustelina). At each location, we estimated hierarchical-level-specific habitat measurements using the Georgia GAP Analysis18 class land cover and other Geographic Information System sources. We created candidate, species-specific occupancy models based on previously reported relationships, and fit these using Markov chain Monte Carlo procedures implemented in OpenBugs. We then created a confidence model set for each species based on Akaike's Information Criterion. We found hierarchical habitat relationships for all species. Three-fold cross-validation estimates of model accuracy indicated an average overall correct classification rate of 60.5%. Comparisons with existing Georgia GAP Analysis models indicated that our models were more accurate overall. Our results provide guidance to wildlife scientists and managers seeking predict avian occurrence as a function of local and landscape-level habitat attributes.

  19. Achievable Steps Toward Building a National Health Information Infrastructure in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Stead, William W.; Kelly, Brian J.; Kolodner, Robert M.

    2005-01-01

    Consensus is growing that a health care information and communication infrastructure is one key to fixing the crisis in the United States in health care quality, cost, and access. The National Health Information Infrastructure (NHII) is an initiative of the Department of Health and Human Services receiving bipartisan support. There are many possible courses toward its objective. Decision makers need to reflect carefully on which approaches are likely to work on a large enough scale to have the intended beneficial national impacts and which are better left to smaller projects within the boundaries of health care organizations. This report provides a primer for use by informatics professionals as they explain aspects of that dividing line to policy makers and to health care leaders and front-line providers. It then identifies short-term, intermediate, and long-term steps that might be taken by the NHII initiative. PMID:15561783

  20. Creativity Fostering Behaviour as an Index of Productivity and Capacity Building among Lecturers in Selected Universities in Ogun and Oyo States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olawale, Sunday G.; Adeniyi, Emmanuel O.; Olubela, OpeOluwa I.

    2010-01-01

    The need for creative thinking and behaviour is more acute in our contemporary society than before. Therefore, this study tried to investigate creativity fostering behaviour as an index of productivity and capacity building among lecturers in selected universities in Ogun and Oyo States. To achieve this, multi-stage sampling technique was…

  1. Seismic Safety Of Simple Masonry Buildings

    SciTech Connect

    Guadagnuolo, Mariateresa; Faella, Giuseppe [Dipartimento di Cultura del Progetto, Seconda Universita di Napoli Abbazia di S. Lorenzo ad Septimum, 81031, Aversa (Italy)

    2008-07-08

    Several masonry buildings comply with the rules for simple buildings provided by seismic codes. For these buildings explicit safety verifications are not compulsory if specific code rules are fulfilled. In fact it is assumed that their fulfilment ensures a suitable seismic behaviour of buildings and thus adequate safety under earthquakes. Italian and European seismic codes differ in the requirements for simple masonry buildings, mostly concerning the building typology, the building geometry and the acceleration at site. Obviously, a wide percentage of buildings assumed simple by codes should satisfy the numerical safety verification, so that no confusion and uncertainty have to be given rise to designers who must use the codes. This paper aims at evaluating the seismic response of some simple unreinforced masonry buildings that comply with the provisions of the new Italian seismic code. Two-story buildings, having different geometry, are analysed and results from nonlinear static analyses performed by varying the acceleration at site are presented and discussed. Indications on the congruence between code rules and results of numerical analyses performed according to the code itself are supplied and, in this context, the obtained result can provide a contribution for improving the seismic code requirements.

  2. Building Regional Threat-Based Networks for Estuaries in the Western United States

    PubMed Central

    Merrifield, Matthew S.; Hines, Ellen; Liu, Xiaohang; Beck, Michael W.

    2011-01-01

    Estuaries are ecologically and economically valuable and have been highly degraded from both land and sea. Estuarine habitats in the coastal zone are under pressure from a range of human activities. In the United States and elsewhere, very few conservation plans focused on estuaries are regional in scope; fewer still address threats to estuary long term viability.We have compiled basic information about the spatial extent of threats to identify commonalities. To do this we classify estuaries into hierarchical networks that share similar threat characteristics using a spatial database (geodatabase) of threats to estuaries from land and sea in the western U.S.Our results show that very few estuaries in this region (16%) have no or minimal stresses from anthropogenic activity. Additionally, one quarter (25%) of all estuaries in this study have moderate levels of all threats. The small number of un-threatened estuaries is likely not representative of the ecological variability in the region and will require working to abate threats at others. We think the identification of these estuary groups can foster sharing best practices and coordination of conservation activities amongst estuaries in any geography. PMID:21387006

  3. Coordinating across scales: Building a regional marsh bird monitoring program from national and state Initiatives

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Shriver, G.W.; Sauer, J.R.

    2008-01-01

    Salt marsh breeding bird populations (rails, bitterns, sparrows, etc.) in eastern North America are high conservation priorities in need of site specific and regional monitoring designed to detect population changes over time. The present status and trends of these species are unknown but anecdotal evidence of declines in many of the species has raised conservation concerns. Most of these species are listed as conservation priorities on comprehensive wildlife plans throughout the eastern U.S. National Wildlife Refuges, National Park Service units, and other wildlife conservation areas provide important salt marsh habitat. To meet management needs for these areas, and to assist regional conservation planning, survey designs are being developed to estimate abundance and population trends for these breeding bird species. The primary purpose of this project is to develop a hierarchical sampling frame for salt marsh birds in Bird Conservation Region (BCR) 30 that will provide the ability to estimate species population abundances on 1) specific sites (i.e. National Parks and National Wildlife Refuges), 2) within states or regions, and 3) within BCR 30. The entire breeding range of Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed and Coastal Plain Swamp sparrows are within BCR 30, providing an opportunity to detect population trends within the entire breeding ranges of two priority species.

  4. Quantum stabilizer codes and beyond 

    E-print Network

    Sarvepalli, Pradeep Kiran

    2008-10-10

    The importance of quantum error correction in paving the way to build a practical quantum computer is no longer in doubt. Despite the large body of literature in quantum coding theory, many important questions, especially those centering...

  5. Library Buildings and Equipment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oringdulph, Robert E.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Six articles discuss library buildings and construction: (1) library buildings and their parts; (2) the North Campus Library of California State University at Long Beach in 1995; (3) new structures for teaching libraries; (4) construction standards for California public libraries; (5) Sick (Library) Building Syndrome; and (6) using focus-group…

  6. 10 CFR 434.520 - Speculative buildings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.520 Speculative...ILPA) for calculating the Energy Cost Budget shall be...

  7. 10 CFR 434.520 - Speculative buildings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.520 Speculative...ILPA) for calculating the Energy Cost Budget shall be...

  8. 10 CFR 434.520 - Speculative buildings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.520 Speculative...ILPA) for calculating the Energy Cost Budget shall be...

  9. 10 CFR 434.520 - Speculative buildings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.520 Speculative...ILPA) for calculating the Energy Cost Budget shall be...

  10. 10 CFR 434.520 - Speculative buildings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.520 Speculative...ILPA) for calculating the Energy Cost Budget shall be...

  11. Development of a Residential Code-Compliant Calculator for the Texas Climate Vision Project

    E-print Network

    Haberl, J. S.; Marshall, K.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Gilman, D. R.; Stackhouse, R.; Cordes, J.; Yazdani, B.; Culp, C.; Morgan, R.; Montgomery, C.; Liu, Z.

    ), extended the IECC 2006 to further strengthen building codes. Funding from the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the Texas State Energy Conservation Office (SECO) has provided an opportunity for Austin Energy to team with ESL to implement a two-year project...

  12. The evolution of ANT build systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shane McIntosh; Bram Adams; Ahmed E. Hassan

    2010-01-01

    Build systems are responsible for transforming static source code artifacts into executable software. While build systems play such a crucial role in software development and maintenance, they have been largely ignored by software evolution researchers. With a firm understanding of build system aging processes, project managers could allocate personnel and resources to build system maintenance tasks more effectively, reducing the

  13. 10 CFR 434.505 - Reference building method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...434.505 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.505 Reference building...

  14. 10 CFR 434.516 - Building exterior envelope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...434.516 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.516 Building exterior...

  15. 10 CFR 434.505 - Reference building method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...434.505 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.505 Reference building...

  16. 10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

  17. 10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

  18. 10 CFR 434.505 - Reference building method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...434.505 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.505 Reference building...

  19. 10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

  20. 10 CFR 434.505 - Reference building method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...434.505 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.505 Reference building...

  1. 10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

  2. 10 CFR 434.503 - Prototype building procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...434.503 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.503 Prototype building...

  3. 10 CFR 434.505 - Reference building method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...434.505 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.505 Reference building...

  4. 10 CFR 434.516 - Building exterior envelope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...434.516 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.516 Building exterior...

  5. 10 CFR 434.516 - Building exterior envelope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...434.516 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL AND MULTI-FAMILY HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.516 Building exterior...

  6. A Better Handoff for Code Officials

    SciTech Connect

    Conover, David R.; Yerkes, Sara

    2010-09-24

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Building Energy Codes Program has partnered with ICC to release the new Building Energy Codes Resource Guide: Code Officials Edition. We created this binder of practical materials for a simple reason: code officials are busy learning and enforcing several codes at once for the diverse buildings across their jurisdictions. This doesn’t leave much time to search www.energycodes.gov, www.iccsafe.org, or the range of other helpful web-based resources for the latest energy codes tools, support, and information. So, we decided to bring the most relevant materials to code officials in a way that works best with their daily routine, and point to where they can find even more. Like a coach’s game plan, the Resource Guide is an "energy playbook" for code officials.

  7. Arithmetic coding for data compression

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ian H. witten; Radford M. Neal; John Gerald Cleary

    1987-01-01

    The state of the art in data compression is arithmetic coding, not the better-known Huffman method. Arithmetic coding gives greater compression, is faster for adaptive models, and clearly separates the model from the channel encoding.

  8. The potential for energy-efficient technologies to reduce carbon emissions in the United States: buildings sector

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. G. Koomey; M. D. Levine; N. C. Martin; L. K. Price; M. Brown; G. Courville; M. MacDonald; J. Tomlinson; J. van Coevering; R. Wendt

    1997-01-01

    In the US, building energy consumption accounts for nearly one third of total primary energy consumption and related greenhouse gas emissions. The cost for this was over $200 billion in 1997. This paper summarizes a detailed assessment of the achievable cost effective potential for reducing carbon dioxide emissions in 2010 in the US residential and commercial buildings sector based on

  9. Commercial Buildings Characteristics, 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-04-29

    Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992 presents statistics about the number, type, and size of commercial buildings in the United States as well as their energy-related characteristics. These data are collected in the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), a national survey of buildings in the commercial sector. The 1992 CBECS is the fifth in a series conducted since 1979 by the Energy Information Administration. Approximately 6,600 commercial buildings were surveyed, representing the characteristics and energy consumption of 4.8 million commercial buildings and 67.9 billion square feet of commercial floorspace nationwide. Overall, the amount of commercial floorspace in the United States increased an average of 2.4 percent annually between 1989 and 1992, while the number of commercial buildings increased an average of 2.0 percent annually.

  10. An Assessment of Comprehensive Code Prediction State-of-the-Art Using the HART II International Workshop Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    vanderWall, Berend G.; Lim, Joon W.; Smith, Marilyn J.; Jung, Sung N.; Bailly, Joelle; Baeder, James D.; Boyd, D. Douglas, Jr.

    2012-01-01

    Despite significant advancements in computational fluid dynamics and their coupling with computational structural dynamics (= CSD, or comprehensive codes) for rotorcraft applications, CSD codes with their engineering level of modeling the rotor blade dynamics, the unsteady sectional aerodynamics and the vortical wake are still the workhorse for the majority of applications. This is especially true when a large number of parameter variations is to be performed and their impact on performance, structural loads, vibration and noise is to be judged in an approximate yet reliable and as accurate as possible manner. In this paper, the capabilities of such codes are evaluated using the HART II Inter- national Workshop data base, focusing on a typical descent operating condition which includes strong blade-vortex interactions. Three cases are of interest: the baseline case and two cases with 3/rev higher harmonic blade root pitch control (HHC) with different control phases employed. One setting is for minimum blade-vortex interaction noise radiation and the other one for minimum vibration generation. The challenge is to correctly predict the wake physics - especially for the cases with HHC - and all the dynamics, aerodynamics, modifications of the wake structure and the aero-acoustics coming with it. It is observed that the comprehensive codes used today have a surprisingly good predictive capability when they appropriately account for all of the physics involved. The minimum requirements to obtain these results are outlined.

  11. Adaptive modulation and coding for WiMAX systems with vague channel state information using cognitive radio

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hazem Shatila; Mohamed Khedr; Jeffrey H. Reed

    2010-01-01

    Adaptive modulation and coding (AMC) schemes are used in WiMAX. Higher system throughput using higher order modulation is traded for higher output. In WiMAX higher modulation tends to be used close to the base station whereas lower order modulations tends to be used at longer range. The dependency of distance might sometimes be deceiving, as channel conditions can vary considerably

  12. Collaboration at the Federal, State, and Local Levels to Build Capacity in Maternal and Child Health: The Impact of the Maternal and Child Health Epidemiology Program

    PubMed Central

    Kroelinger, Charlan D.

    2015-01-01

    This article provides a description of the Maternal and Child Health Epidemiology Program housed in the Division of Reproductive Health at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The article highlights programmatic efforts to build capacity and increase infrastructure within states, localities, and among tribes in the field of maternal and child health by leveraging partnerships with other federal, nonprofit, private, and academic agencies. PMID:22587622

  13. Collaboration at the federal, state, and local levels to build capacity in maternal and child health: the impact of the Maternal and Child Health Epidemiology Program.

    PubMed

    Kroelinger, Charlan D

    2012-05-01

    This article provides a description of the Maternal and Child Health Epidemiology Program housed in the Division of Reproductive Health at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The article highlights programmatic efforts to build capacity and increase infrastructure within states, localities, and among tribes in the field of maternal and child health by leveraging partnerships with other federal, nonprofit, private, and academic agencies. PMID:22587622

  14. Incorporating modeling uncertainties in the assessment of seismic collapse risk of buildings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abbie B. Liel; Curt B. Haselton; Gregory G. Deierlein; Jack W. Baker

    2008-01-01

    The primary goal of seismic provisions in building codes is to protect life safety through the prevention of structural collapse. To evaluate the extent to which current and past building code provisions meet this objective, the authors have conducted detailed assessments of collapse risk of reinforced-concrete moment frame buildings, including both 'ductile' frames that conform to current building code require-

  15. Excited State Interactions in Calix[4]arene-Perylene Bisimide Dye Conjugates: Global and Target Analysis of Supramolecular Building Blocks

    E-print Network

    van Stokkum, Ivo

    ¨ntgen Research Center for Complex Material Systems, Am Hubland, D-97074 Wu¨rzburg, Germany, Molecular Photonics supramolecular building blocks, which represent, next to the crown ethers1 and the cyclodextrins,2 the third

  16. Building commissioning: a golden opportunity for reducing energy costs and greenhouse gas emissions in the United States

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Evan Mills

    2011-01-01

    Commissioning is arguably the single most cost-effective strategy for reducing energy, costs, and greenhouse gas emissions\\u000a in buildings today. Although commissioning has earned increased recognition in recent years, it remains an enigmatic practice\\u000a whose visibility severely lags its potential. The application of commissioning to new buildings ensures that they deliver\\u000a or exceed the performance and energy savings promised by their

  17. 11 CFR 300.35 - Office buildings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...office building. A State or local party committee may lease a portion...Transitional Provisions for State Party Building or Facility Account. ...2002, the State committee of a political party may accept funds into its party...

  18. Cost-Effective Energy Efficiency Measures for Above Code(ASHRAE 90.1-2001 and 2007) Small Restaurant Buildings in the City of Arlington

    E-print Network

    Mukhopadhyay, J.; Kim, H.; Do, S.; Kim, K.H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.; Lewis, C.

    Hyojin Kim Sung Lok Do Kee Han Kim Juan-Carlos Baltazar, Ph.D. Jeff S. Haberl, Ph.D., P.E. Cynthia Lewis October 2011 Revised December 2011 ENERGY SYSTEMS LABORATORY Texas Engineering Experiment Station The Texas A... of its employees. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the Texas Engineering Experiment Station or the Energy Systems Laboratory. CoA Restaurant Project, p.ii October 2011 Energy Systems...

  19. FORESTRY BUILDING: BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN

    E-print Network

    FORESTRY BUILDING: BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN Date Adopted: August 18, 2009 Date Revised June 17, 2013 Prepared By: Diana Evans and Jennifer Meyer #12;PURDUE UNIVERSITY BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN VERSION 3 2 Table Suspension or Campus Closure SECTION 3: BUILDING INFORMATION 3.1 Building Deputy/Alternate Building Deputy

  20. 2. BUILDING NO. 210, ORDNANCE FACILITY (TIME FUZE LOADING BUILDING), ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. BUILDING NO. 210, ORDNANCE FACILITY (TIME FUZE LOADING BUILDING), DETAIL VIEW SHOWING FRONT BAY. - Picatinny Arsenal, 200 Area, Shell Component Loading, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

  1. 1. BUILDING NO. 210, ORDNANCE FACILITY (TIME FUZE LOADING BUILDING), ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. BUILDING NO. 210, ORDNANCE FACILITY (TIME FUZE LOADING BUILDING), LOOKING EAST AT SOUTHWEST CORNER. - Picatinny Arsenal, 200 Area, Shell Component Loading, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

  2. 3. BUILDING NO. 210, ORDNANCE FACILITY (TIME FUZE LOADING BUILDING), ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. BUILDING NO. 210, ORDNANCE FACILITY (TIME FUZE LOADING BUILDING), DETAIL VIEW SHOWING BACK SIDE. - Picatinny Arsenal, 200 Area, Shell Component Loading, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

  3. View west to Storage Building added to Yard Office Building ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View west to Storage Building added to Yard Office Building (former farm house) - East Broad Top Railroad & Coal Company, State Route 994, West of U.S. Route 522, Rockhill Furnace, Huntingdon County, PA

  4. 56. Photocopy of Photograph, BUILDING NO. 534, SOLVENT RECOVERY BUILDING, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    56. Photocopy of Photograph, BUILDING NO. 534, SOLVENT RECOVERY BUILDING, DETAIL VIEW OF SPARK PROOF EXTERIOR ELECTRICAL SWITCHES IN SOUTHEAST ELEVATION. - Picatinny Arsenal, 500 Area, Powder Factory & Power House, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

  5. 51. BUILDING NO. 533, SOLVENT RECOVERY BUILDING, LOOKING WEST AT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    51. BUILDING NO. 533, SOLVENT RECOVERY BUILDING, LOOKING WEST AT SOUTHEAST (REAR) ELEVATION. - Picatinny Arsenal, 500 Area, Powder Factory & Power House, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

  6. Multiphase equation of state for iron

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kerley

    1993-01-01

    The PANDA code is used to build a multiphase equation of state (EOS) table for iron. Separate EOS tables were first constructed for each of the individual phases. The phase diagram and multiphase EOS were then determined from the Helmholtz free energies. The model includes four solid phases ([alpha],[gamma], [delta], and [var epsilon]) and a fluid phase (including the liquid,

  7. Multiphase equation of state for iron

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kerley

    1993-01-01

    The PANDA code is used to build a multiphase equation of state (EOS) table for iron. Separate EOS tables were first constructed for each of the individual phases. The phase diagram and multiphase EOS were then determined from the Helmholtz free energies. The model includes four solid phases (α,γ, δ, and {var_epsilon}) and a fluid phase (including the liquid, vapor,

  8. BUILDING NAME HEYDON-LAURENCE BUILDING

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    BUILDING NAME HEYDON-LAURENCE BUILDING PHARMACY AND BANK BUILDING JOHN WOOLEY BUILDING OLD TEARCHER'S BUILDING PHYSICS BUILDING BAXTER'S LODGE INSTITUTE BUILDING CONSERVATION WORKS R.D.WATT BUILDING MACLEAY BUILDING THE QUARANGLE BADHAM BUILDING J.D. STEWART BUILDING BLACKBURN BUILDING MADSEN BUILDING STORE

  9. DEPARTMENTAL CODE Department of Psychology

    E-print Network

    DEPARTMENTAL CODE Department of Psychology Colorado State University Approved May 13, 2009 #12........................................................................... 3 II. Mission of the Department of Psychology

  10. Monitoring Sub-Saharan African Physician Migration and Recruitment Post-Adoption of the WHO Code of Practice: Temporal and Geographic Patterns in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Tankwanchi, Akhenaten Benjamin Siankam; Vermund, Sten H.; Perkins, Douglas D.

    2015-01-01

    Data monitoring is a key recommendation of the WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel, a global framework adopted in May 2010 to address health workforce retention in resource-limited countries and the ethics of international migration. Using data on African-born and African-educated physicians in the 2013 American Medical Association Physician Masterfile (AMA Masterfile), we monitored Sub-Saharan African (SSA) physician recruitment into the physician workforce of the United States (US) post-adoption of the WHO Code of Practice. From the observed data, we projected to 2015 with linear regression, and we mapped migrant physicians’ locations using GPS Visualizer and ArcGIS. The 2013 AMA Masterfile identified 11,787 active SSA-origin physicians, representing barely 1.3% (11,787/940,456) of the 2013 US physician workforce, but exceeding the total number of physicians reported by WHO in 34 SSA countries (N = 11,519). We estimated that 15.7% (1,849/11,787) entered the US physician workforce after the Code of Practice was adopted. Compared to pre-Code estimates from 2002 (N = 7,830) and 2010 (N = 9,938), the annual admission rate of SSA émigrés into the US physician workforce is increasing. This increase is due in large part to the growing number of SSA-born physicians attending medical schools outside SSA, representing a trend towards younger migrants. Projection estimates suggest that there will be 12,846 SSA migrant physicians in the US physician workforce in 2015, and over 2,900 of them will be post-Code recruits. Most SSA migrant physicians are locating to large urban US areas where physician densities are already the highest. The Code of Practice has not slowed the SSA-to-US physician migration. To stem the physician “brain drain”, it is essential to incentivize professional practice in SSA and diminish the appeal of US migration with bolder interventions targeting primarily early-career (age ? 35) SSA physicians. PMID:25875010

  11. Energy conservation program guide for commercial buildings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    de Latour

    1975-01-01

    The following topics are discussed: the definition of the commercial building category, the purpose of the conservation program guide, energy conservation in existing buildings, energy conservation in new buildings, goals of the state energy conservation programs, and reports. (MHR)

  12. Applications of RESRAD family of computer codes to sites contaminated with radioactive residues.

    SciTech Connect

    Yu, C.; Kamboj, S.; Cheng, J.-J.; LePoire, D.; Gnanapragasam, E.; Zielen, A.; Williams, W. A.; Wallo, A.; Peterson, H.

    1999-10-21

    The RESIL4D family of computer codes was developed to provide a scientifically defensible answer to the question ''How clean is clean?'' and to provide useful tools for evaluating human health risk at sites contaminated with radioactive residues. The RESRAD codes include (1) RESRAD for soil contaminated with radionuclides; (2) RESRAD-BUILD for buildings contaminated with radionuclides; (3) RESRAD-CHEM for soil contaminated with hazardous chemicals; (4) RESRAD-BASELINE for baseline risk assessment with measured media concentrations of both radionuclides and chemicals; (5) RESRAD-ECORISK for ecological risk assessment; (6) RESRAD-RECYCLE for recycle and reuse of radiologically contaminated metals and equipment; and (7) RESRAD-OFFSITE for off-site receptor radiological dose assessment. Four of these seven codes (RESRAD, RESRAD-BUILD, RESRAD-RECYCLE, and RESRAD-OFFSITE) also have uncertainty analysis capabilities that allow the user to input distributions of parameters. RESRAD has been widely used in the United States and abroad and approved by many federal and state agencies. Experience has shown that the RESRAD codes are useful tools for evaluating sites contaminated with radioactive residues. The use of RESRAD codes has resulted in significant savings in cleanup cost. Analysis of 19 site-specific uranium guidelines is discussed in the paper.

  13. This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University

    E-print Network

    velocity, air humidity, air temperature, cold surface temperature, surface energy, and fin-base surfaceThis paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group to the outdoor ambient air, and during winter operation, the outdoor coil might accumulate frost on its surface

  14. This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University

    E-print Network

    into consideration. The microchannel fin surface temperature, entering air face velocity, relative humidity velocity do not have a significant impact on the frosting cycle while surface temperature and air relativeThis paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group

  15. Solar Workbook. A Step by Step Procedure for Assessing Solar Opportunities in Existing Buildings in New York State.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Energy Office, Albany.

    Determining the feasibility of modifying existing buildings to take advantage of solar energy requires a formal technical study. This workbook is designed to help the reader perform a preliminary analysis to decide whether investing in such a formal study would be beneficial. The book guides the user through an exploration of the general…

  16. BUILDING INSPECTION Building, Infrastructure, Transportation

    E-print Network

    BUILDING INSPECTION Building, Infrastructure, Transportation City of Redwood City 1017 Middlefield Sacramento, Ca 95814-5514 Re: Green Building Ordinance and the Building Energy Efficiency Standards Per of Redwood City enforce the current Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards as part

  17. Jackson Park Hospital Green Building Medical Center

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William Dorsey; Nelson Vasquez

    2010-01-01

    Jackson Park Hospital completed the construction of a new Medical Office Building on its campus this spring. The new building construction has adopted the City of Chicago's recent focus on protecting the environment, and conserving energy and resources, with the introduction of green building codes. Located in a poor, inner city neighborhood on the South side of Chicago, Jackson Park

  18. Uplink Coding

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pollara, Fabrizio; Hamkins, Jon; Dolinar, Sam; Andrews, Ken; Divsalar, Dariush

    2006-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews uplink coding. The purpose and goals of the briefing are (1) Show a plan for using uplink coding and describe benefits (2) Define possible solutions and their applicability to different types of uplink, including emergency uplink (3) Concur with our conclusions so we can embark on a plan to use proposed uplink system (4) Identify the need for the development of appropriate technology and infusion in the DSN (5) Gain advocacy to implement uplink coding in flight projects Action Item EMB04-1-14 -- Show a plan for using uplink coding, including showing where it is useful or not (include discussion of emergency uplink coding).

  19. Are the National Electrical Code and the National Electrical Safety Code hazardous to your health?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donald W. Zipse

    1999-01-01

    The National Electrical Code and the National Electrical Safety Code are contributing to the shocking of Americans. The required wiring practices of the two codes encourages the flow of continuous, uncontrolled current over the earth, metallic piping, building steel, etc. This uncontrolled flow of current has resulted in unsafe electrical shocks to humans. This uncontrolled stray current may have resulted

  20. CodeMetropolis code visualisation in MineCraft Gergo Balogh and Arpad Beszedes

    E-print Network

    Beszedes, Árpád

    CodeMetropolis ­ code visualisation in MineCraft Gergo Balogh and ´Arp´ad Besz´edes Department power. A good example is Minecraft, a popular role playing game with great extensibility and inter code metrics as input and generates a Minecraft world with buildings, districts, and gardens. The tool

  1. Coding for the code

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Friedrich Steimann; Thomas Kühne

    2005-01-01

    Despite the considerable effort invested by industry and academia in modeling standards such as UML (Unified Modeling Language), software modeling has long played a subordinate role in commercial software development. Although modeling is generally perceived as state of the art and thus as something that ought to be done, its appreciation seems to pale along with the progression from the

  2. Building a market for small wind: The break-even turnkey cost of residential wind systems in the United States

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer L. Edwards; Ryan Wiser; Mark Bolinger; Trudy Forsyth

    2004-01-01

    Although small wind turbine technology and economics have improved in recent years, the small wind market in the United States continues to be driven in large part by state incentives, such as cash rebates, favorable loan programs, and tax credits. This paper examines the state-by-state economic attractiveness of small residential wind systems. Economic attractiveness is evaluated primarily using the break-even

  3. Quantum error control codes

    E-print Network

    Abdelhamid Awad Aly Ahmed, Sala

    2008-10-10

    , the classical Hamming bound can be stated as tX i=0 n i ¶ (q ¡1)i • qn¡k; (2.9) 16 where t = b(d¡1)=2c. Codes that attain Hamming bound with equality are classifled as perfect codes. Let every codeword be represented by a sphere of radius t. The interpretation..., the classical Hamming bound can be stated as tX i=0 n i ¶ (q ¡1)i • qn¡k; (2.9) 16 where t = b(d¡1)=2c. Codes that attain Hamming bound with equality are classifled as perfect codes. Let every codeword be represented by a sphere of radius t. The interpretation...

  4. Using Social Network Theory to Influence the Development of State and Local Primary Prevention Capacity-Building Teams

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook-Craig, Patricia G.

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the role that social network theory and social network analysis has played in assessing and developing effective primary prevention networks across a southeastern state. In 2004 the state began an effort to develop a strategic plan for the primary prevention of violence working with local communities across the state. The…

  5. Code constructions and code families for nonbinary quantum stabilizer code 

    E-print Network

    Ketkar, Avanti Ulhas

    2005-11-01

    Stabilizer codes form a special class of quantum error correcting codes. Nonbinary quantum stabilizer codes are studied in this thesis. A lot of work on binary quantum stabilizer codes has been done. Nonbinary stabilizer codes have received much...

  6. Investigating the performance and energy saving potential of Chinese commercial building benchmark models for the hot humid and severe cold climate regions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herrmann, Lesley Anne

    2011-12-01

    The demand for energy in China is growing at an alarming rate. Buildings have become a significant component of the energy-demand mix accounting for nearly one-quarter of the country's total primary energy consumption. This study compares the building code standards for office and hotel buildings in the hot humid and severe cold climate regions of China and the United States. Benchmark office and hotel building models have been developed for Guangzhou and Harbin, China that meets China's minimum national and regional building energy codes with the integration of common design and construction practices for each region. These models are compared to the ASHRAE standard based US reference building models for Houston, Texas and Duluth, Minnesota which have similar climate conditions. The research further uses a building energy optimization tool to optimize the Chinese benchmarks using existing US products to identify the primary areas for potential energy savings. In the case of the Harbin models, an economic analysis has also been performed to determine the economic feasibility of alternative building designs. The most significant energy-saving options are then presented as recommendations for potential improvements to current China building energy codes.

  7. Development of probabilistic multimedia multipathway computer codes.

    SciTech Connect

    Yu, C.; LePoire, D.; Gnanapragasam, E.; Arnish, J.; Kamboj, S.; Biwer, B. M.; Cheng, J.-J.; Zielen, A. J.; Chen, S. Y.; Mo, T.; Abu-Eid, R.; Thaggard, M.; Sallo, A., III.; Peterson, H., Jr.; Williams, W. A.; Environmental Assessment; NRC; EM

    2002-01-01

    The deterministic multimedia dose/risk assessment codes RESRAD and RESRAD-BUILD have been widely used for many years for evaluation of sites contaminated with residual radioactive materials. The RESRAD code applies to the cleanup of sites (soils) and the RESRAD-BUILD code applies to the cleanup of buildings and structures. This work describes the procedure used to enhance the deterministic RESRAD and RESRAD-BUILD codes for probabilistic dose analysis. A six-step procedure was used in developing default parameter distributions and the probabilistic analysis modules. These six steps include (1) listing and categorizing parameters; (2) ranking parameters; (3) developing parameter distributions; (4) testing parameter distributions for probabilistic analysis; (5) developing probabilistic software modules; and (6) testing probabilistic modules and integrated codes. The procedures used can be applied to the development of other multimedia probabilistic codes. The probabilistic versions of RESRAD and RESRAD-BUILD codes provide tools for studying the uncertainty in dose assessment caused by uncertain input parameters. The parameter distribution data collected in this work can also be applied to other multimedia assessment tasks and multimedia computer codes.

  8. Interior building details of Building D, Room DM5: concrete stairs ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Interior building details of Building D, Room D-M5: concrete stairs to education room at road level; northerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

  9. Interior building details of Building C, Room C203 to Room ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Interior building details of Building C, Room C-203 to Room C-204: historical partition track with folding doors, east painted wall; easterly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

  10. New Buildings Institute

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The New Buildings Institute promotes "energy efficiency in buildings through policy development, research, guidelines and codes." Substantial information about lighting, architecture, and mechanical systems is available on the institute's homepage. The online reports, tools, and suggested practices come from a variety of sources, including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and the institute itself. A large section of the Web site that can easily be overlooked contains many additional resources about the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) program. A brief, free registration is required to access certain online publications, such as the 2003 edition of Advanced Lighting Guidelines.

  11. Building Green

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Information designed to help building industry professionals and policy makers to improve environmental performance and reduce the adverse impacts of buildings. Offers print and electronic resources to help industry professionals to take an integrated design approach that will minimize ecological impact and maximize economic performance. The publications related to green building include Environmental Building News - a monthly newsletter that is independently published and advertising-free; The GreenSpec Product Directory; and Green Building Advisor.

  12. Final Report: An Integrated Partnership to Create and Lead the Solar Codes and Standards Working Group

    SciTech Connect

    Rosenthal, Andrew

    2013-12-30

    The DOE grant, “An Integrated Partnership to Create and Lead the Solar Codes and Standards Working Group,” to New Mexico State University created the Solar America Board for Codes and Standards (Solar ABCs). From 2007 – 2013 with funding from this grant, Solar ABCs identified current issues, established a dialogue among key stakeholders, and catalyzed appropriate activities to support the development of codes and standards that facilitated the installation of high quality, safe photovoltaic systems. Solar ABCs brought the following resources to the PV stakeholder community: 1. Formal coordination in the planning or revision of interrelated codes and standards removing “stove pipes” that have only roofing experts working on roofing codes, PV experts on PV codes, fire enforcement experts working on fire codes, etc. 2. A conduit through which all interested stakeholders were able to see the steps being taken in the development or modification of codes and standards and participate directly in the processes. 3. A central clearing house for new documents, standards, proposed standards, analytical studies, and recommendations of best practices available to the PV community. 4. A forum of experts that invites and welcomes all interested parties into the process of performing studies, evaluating results, and building consensus on standards and code-related topics that affect all aspects of the market. 5. A biennial gap analysis to formally survey the PV community to identify needs that are unmet and inhibiting the market and necessary technical developments.

  13. 245 Signature Engineering Building Mail Code 0211

    E-print Network

    Buehrer, R. Michael

    ANNUAL GRADUATE STUDENT EVALUATION REPORT ........................................... 7 QUALIFYING ......................................................................... 12 Pratt Graduate Fellowships.......................................................................... 13 The Mike and Lisa Kender Graduate Fellowship..................................... 13 Steven Reese

  14. The Connections among Immigration, Nation Building, and Adult Education English as a Second Language Instruction in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ullman, Char

    2010-01-01

    Since its inception at the turn of the last century, adult education English as a Second Language (ESL) instruction in the United States has been entwined with immigration processes and ideas of the nation. In spite of current uncertainty about the overhauling of federal immigration policy, increasingly anti-immigrant laws in states such as…

  15. State-to-state reactive differential cross sections for the H+H2-->H2+H reaction on five different potential energy surfaces employing a new quantum wavepacket computer code: DIFFREALWAVE.

    PubMed

    Hankel, Marlies; Smith, Sean C; Allan, Robert J; Gray, Stephen K; Balint-Kurti, Gabriel G

    2006-10-28

    State-to-state differential cross sections have been calculated for the hydrogen exchange reaction, H+H2-->H2+H, using five different high quality potential energy surfaces with the objective of examining the sensitivity of these detailed cross sections to the underlying potential energy surfaces. The calculations were performed using a new parallel computer code, DIFFREALWAVE. The code is based on the real wavepacket approach of Gray and Balint-Kurti [J. Chem. Phys. 108, 950 (1998)]. The calculations are parallelized over the helicity quantum number Omega' (i.e., the quantum number for the body-fixed z component of the total angular momentum) and wavepackets for each J,Omega' set are assigned to different processors, similar in spirit to the Coriolis-coupled processors approach of Goldfield and Gray [Comput. Phys. Commun. 84, 1 (1996)]. Calculations for J=0-24 have been performed to obtain converged state-to-state differential cross sections in the energy range from 0.4 to 1.2 eV. The calculations employ five different potential energy surfaces, the BKMP2 surface and a hierarchical family of four new ab initio surfaces [S. L. Mielke, et al., J. Chem. Phys. 116, 4142 (2002)]. This family of four surfaces has been calculated using three different hierarchical sets of basis functions and also an extrapolation to the complete basis set limit, the so called CCI surface. The CCI surface is the most accurate surface for the H3 system reported to date. Our calculations of differential cross sections are the first to be reported for the A2, A3, A4, and CCI surfaces. They show that there are some small differences in the cross sections obtained from the five different surfaces, particularly at higher energies. The calculations also show that the BKMP2 performs well and gives cross sections in very good agreement with the results from the CCI surface, displaying only small divergences at higher energies. PMID:17092069

  16. Building analytic capacity, facilitating partnerships, and promoting data use in state health agencies: a distance-based workforce development initiative applied to maternal and child health epidemiology.

    PubMed

    Rankin, Kristin M; Kroelinger, Charlan D; Rosenberg, Deborah; Barfield, Wanda D

    2012-12-01

    The purpose of this article is to summarize the methodology, partnerships, and products developed as a result of a distance-based workforce development initiative to improve analytic capacity among maternal and child health (MCH) epidemiologists in state health agencies. This effort was initiated by the Centers for Disease Control's MCH Epidemiology Program and faculty at the University of Illinois at Chicago to encourage and support the use of surveillance data by MCH epidemiologists and program staff in state agencies. Beginning in 2005, distance-based training in advanced analytic skills was provided to MCH epidemiologists. To support participants, this model of workforce development included: lectures about the practical application of innovative epidemiologic methods, development of multidisciplinary teams within and across agencies, and systematic, tailored technical assistance The goal of this initiative evolved to emphasize the direct application of advanced methods to the development of state data products using complex sample surveys, resulting in the articles published in this supplement to MCHJ. Innovative methods were applied by participating MCH epidemiologists, including regional analyses across geographies and datasets, multilevel analyses of state policies, and new indicator development. Support was provided for developing cross-state and regional partnerships and for developing and publishing the results of analytic projects. This collaboration was successful in building analytic capacity, facilitating partnerships and promoting surveillance data use to address state MCH priorities, and may have broader application beyond MCH epidemiology. In an era of decreasing resources, such partnership efforts between state and federal agencies and academia are essential for promoting effective data use. PMID:23143158

  17. Hawaii-Okinawa Building Evaluations

    SciTech Connect

    Metzger, I.; Salasovich, J.

    2013-05-01

    NREL conducted energy evaluations at the Itoman City Hall building in Itoman, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, and the Hawaii State Capitol building in Honolulu, Hawaii. This report summarizes the findings from the evaluations, including the best practices identified at each site and opportunities for improving energy efficiency and renewable energy. The findings from this evaluation are intended to inform energy efficient building design, energy efficiency technology, and management protocols for buildings in subtropical climates.

  18. The retrofitting of existing buildings for seismic criteria

    E-print Network

    Besing, Christa, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis describes the process for retrofitting a building for seismic criteria. It explains the need for a new, performance-based design code to provide a range of acceptable building behavior. It then outlines the ...

  19. Strategic Prevention Framework State Incentive Grant Progress Report: Building a Sustainable Substance Abuse Prevention System, State of Hawai'i, 2006-2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yuan, S.; Lai, M.C.; Heusel, K.

    2011-01-01

    In 2006, the Hawai'i State Department of Health (DOH) received the Strategic Prevention Framework State Incentive Grant (SPF-SIG) from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) to establish a comprehensive, coordinated, and sustainable substance abuse prevention infrastructure in Hawai'i. The SPF-SIG Project is funded…

  20. A general construction of constrained parity-check codes for optical recording

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kui Cai; Kees A. Schouhamer Immink

    2008-01-01

    This paper proposes a general and systematic code design method to efficiently combine constrained codes with parity-check (PC) codes for optical recording. The proposed constrained PC code includes two component codes: the normal constrained (NC) code and the parity-related constrained (PRC) code. They are designed based on the same finite state machine (FSM). The rates of the designed codes are

  1. A non-critical string (Liouville) approach to brain microtubules state vector reduction, memory coding and capacity

    E-print Network

    Mavromatos, Nikolaos E

    1995-01-01

    Microtubule (MT) networks, subneural paracrystalline cytosceletal structures, seem to play a fundamental role in the neurons. We cast here the complicated MT dynamics in the form of a 1+1-dimensional non-critical string theory, thus enabling us to provide a consistent quantum treatment of MTs, including enviromental {\\em friction} effects. Quantum space-time effects, as described by non-critical string theory, trigger then an {\\em organized collapse} of the coherent states down to a specific or {\\em conscious state}. The whole process we estimate to take {\\cal O}(1\\,{\\rm sec}). The {\\em microscopic arrow of time}, endemic in non-critical string theory, and apparent here in the self-collapse process, provides a satisfactory and simple resolution to the age-old problem of how the, central to our feelings of awareness, sensation of the progression of time is generated. In addition, the complete integrability of the stringy model for MT we advocate in this work proves sufficient in providing a satisfactory soluti...

  2. 22 CFR 9b.6 - Grounds for denial, revocation, or non-renewal of Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...one year unless there are material changes in meeting the qualifications.) or, (b) Poses a risk of harm to the personal safety of Department of State or other Governmental personnel or to Government property; or (c) Engages or...

  3. 22 CFR 9b.6 - Grounds for denial, revocation, or non-renewal of Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...one year unless there are material changes in meeting the qualifications.) or, (b) Poses a risk of harm to the personal safety of Department of State or other Governmental personnel or to Government property; or (c) Engages or...

  4. 22 CFR 9b.6 - Grounds for denial, revocation, or non-renewal of Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...one year unless there are material changes in meeting the qualifications.) or, (b) Poses a risk of harm to the personal safety of Department of State or other Governmental personnel or to Government property; or (c) Engages or...

  5. 22 CFR 9b.6 - Grounds for denial, revocation, or non-renewal of Department of State press building passes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...one year unless there are material changes in meeting the qualifications.) or, (b) Poses a risk of harm to the personal safety of Department of State or other Governmental personnel or to Government property; or (c) Engages or...

  6. Simplified methods of analysis for earthquake resistant design of buildings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. F. Cruz; A. K. Chopra

    1985-01-01

    The accuracy of the response spectrum analysis (RSA) for estimating the maximum response of a building directly from the earthquake design spectrum is evaluated with the objective of developing better simplified analysis procedures suitable for preliminary design of buildings and for inclusion in building codes. Recognizing that the earthquake response of many buildings can be estimated by considering only the

  7. Field measurements of typhoon effects on a super tall building

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Q. S. Li; Y. Q. Xiao; C. K. Wong; A. P. Jeary

    2004-01-01

    Di Wang Tower located in Shenzhen has a height of approximately 325 m and was the tallest building in Mainland China when it was built several years ago. The aspect ratio between the building’s height and transverse width is about 9, which has largely exceeded the criteria in the current design codes and standards in China. This super tall building

  8. 10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

  9. 10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

  10. 10 CFR 434.506 - Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.506 Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget....

  11. 10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

  12. 10 CFR 434.506 - Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.506 Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget....

  13. 10 CFR 434.506 - Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.506 Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget. 506.1...

  14. 10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

  15. 10 CFR 434.504 - Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.504 Use of the prototype building to determine the energy cost budget....

  16. 10 CFR 434.506 - Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.506 Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget....

  17. 10 CFR 434.506 - Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY CODE FOR NEW FEDERAL COMMERCIAL...RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS Building Energy Cost Compliance Alternative § 434.506 Use of the reference building to determine the energy cost budget....

  18. DNA codes

    SciTech Connect

    Torney, D. C. (David C.)

    2001-01-01

    We have begun to characterize a variety of codes, motivated by potential implementation as (quaternary) DNA n-sequences, with letters denoted A, C The first codes we studied are the most reminiscent of conventional group codes. For these codes, Hamming similarity was generalized so that the score for matched letters takes more than one value, depending upon which letters are matched [2]. These codes consist of n-sequences satisfying an upper bound on the similarities, summed over the letter positions, of distinct codewords. We chose similarity 2 for matches of letters A and T and 3 for matches of the letters C and G, providing a rough approximation to double-strand bond energies in DNA. An inherent novelty of DNA codes is 'reverse complementation'. The latter may be defined, as follows, not only for alphabets of size four, but, more generally, for any even-size alphabet. All that is required is a matching of the letters of the alphabet: a partition into pairs. Then, the reverse complement of a codeword is obtained by reversing the order of its letters and replacing each letter by its match. For DNA, the matching is AT/CG because these are the Watson-Crick bonding pairs. Reversal arises because two DNA sequences form a double strand with opposite relative orientations. Thus, as will be described in detail, because in vitro decoding involves the formation of double-stranded DNA from two codewords, it is reasonable to assume - for universal applicability - that the reverse complement of any codeword is also a codeword. In particular, self-reverse complementary codewords are expressly forbidden in reverse-complement codes. Thus, an appropriate distance between all pairs of codewords must, when large, effectively prohibit binding between the respective codewords: to form a double strand. Only reverse-complement pairs of codewords should be able to bind. For most applications, a DNA code is to be bi-partitioned, such that the reverse-complementary pairs are separated across the two blocks. For the foregoing reasons, these two blocks of codewords suffice as the hooks and loops of a digital Velcro. We began our investigations of such codes by constructing quaternary BCH reverse-complement codes, using cyclic codes and conventional Hamming distance [4]. We also obtained upper and lower bounds on the rate of reverse-complement codes with a metric function based on the foregoing similarities [3]. For most applications involving DNA, however, the reverse-complementary analogue of codes based on the insertion-deletion distance is more advantageous. This distance equals the codeword length minus the longest length of a common (not necessarily contiguous) subsequence. (The 'aligned' codes described above may be used under special experimental conditions), The advantage arises because, under the assumption that DNA is very flexible, the sharing of sufficiently long subsequences between codewords would be tantamount to the ability of one of their reverse complements to form a double strand with the other codeword. Thus far, using the random coding method, we have derived an asymptotic lower bound on the rate of reverse-complement insertion-deletion codes, as a function of the insertion-deletion distance fraction and of the alphabet size [1]. For the quaternary DNA alphabet of primary importance, this lower bound yields an asymptotically positive rate if the insertion-deletion-distance fraction does not exceed the threshold {approx} 0.19. Extensions of the Varsamov-Tenengol'ts construction of insertion-deletion codes [5] for reverse-complement insertion-deletion codes will be described. Experiments have been performed involving some of our DNA codes.

  19. Building America

    SciTech Connect

    Brad Oberg

    2010-12-31

    IBACOS researched the constructability and viability issues of using high performance windows as one component of a larger approach to building houses that achieve the Building America 70% energy savings target.

  20. On LDPC codes over channels with memory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giulio Colavolpe

    2006-01-01

    The problem of detection and decoding of low- density parity-check (LDPC) codes transmitted over channels with memory is addressed. A new general method to build a factor graph which takes into account both the code constraints and the channel behavior is proposed and the a posteriori probabilities of the information symbols, necessary to implement maximum a posteriori (MAP) symbol detection,