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1

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in the United States  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in U.S., including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial and residential buildings in the U.S.

Halverson, Mark A.; Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd

2009-04-30

2

Texas State Building Energy Code: Analysis of Potential Benefits and Costs of Commercial Lighting Requirements  

SciTech Connect

The State Energy Conservation Office of Texas has asked the U.S. Department of Energy to analyze the potential energy effect and cost-effectiveness of the lighting requirements in the 2003 IECC as they consider adoption of this energy code. The new provisions of interest in the lighting section of IECC 2003 include new lighting power densities (LPD) and requirements for automatic lighting shutoff controls. The potential effect of the new LPD values is analyzed as a comparison with previous values in the nationally available IECC codes and ASHRAE/IESNA 90.1. The basis for the analysis is a set of lighting models developed as part of the ASHRAE/IES code process, which is the basis for IECC 2003 LPD values. The use of the models allows for an effective comparison of values for various building types of interest to Texas state. Potential effects from control requirements are discussed, and available case study analysis results are provided but no comprehensive numerical evaluation is provided in this limited analysis effort.

Richman, Eric E.; Belzer, David B.; Winiarski, David W.

2005-09-15

3

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Australia  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Australia, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial and residential buildings in Australia.

Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-02

4

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in India  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America. This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in India, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes in India, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial buildings in India.

Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-07

5

Finite-State Codes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

New class of codes with desirable properties constructed from block codes. Finite-state encoder is machine that has finite number of internal states. Receives k parallel information symbols and transmits n parallel code symbols at each clock pulse. Finite-state codes include both block and convolutional codes. Theory of finite-state codes used to study properties of error-correcting codes in general and to design new codes to various specifications.

Pollara, F.; Mceliece, R. J.; Abdel-Ghaffar, K.

1990-01-01

6

Seminar on building codes and standards  

SciTech Connect

A seminar was conducted for state building code officials and state energy officials to discuss the following: status of the states regulatory activities for energy conservation standards for buildings; the development, administration, and enforcement processes for energy conservation standards affecting new construction; lighting and thermal standards for existing buildings; status of the development and implementation of the Title III Program, Building Energy Performance Standards (BEPS); and current status of the State Energy Conservation Program. The welcoming address was given by John Wenning and the keynote address was delivered by John Millhone. Four papers presented were: Building Energy Performance Standards Development, James Binkley; Lighting Standards in Existing Buildings, Dorothy Cronheim; Implementation of BEPS, Archie Twitchell; Sanctions for Building Energy Performance Standards, Sue Sicherman.

Not Available

1980-01-01

7

Understanding Building Energy Codes and Standards  

SciTech Connect

Energy codes and standards play a vital role by setting minimum requirements for energy-efficient design and construction. They outline uniform requirements for new buildings as well as additions and renovations. The Difference Between Energy Codes, Energy Standards and the Model Energy Code Energy codes--specify how buildings must be constructed or perform, and are written in mandatory, enforceable language. States or local governments adopt and enforce energy codes for their jurisdictions. Energy standards--describe how buildings should be constructed to save energy cost-effectively. They are published by national organizations such as the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). They are not mandatory, but serve as national recommendations, with some variation for regional climate. States and local governments frequently use energy standards as the technical basis for developing their energy codes. Some energy standards are written in mandatory, enforceable language, making it easy for jurisdictions to incorporate the provisions of the energy standards directly into their laws or regulations.

Bartlett, Rosemarie; Halverson, Mark A.; Shankle, Diana L.

2003-03-01

8

Finite-state codes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A class of codes called finite-state (FS) codes is defined and investigated. The codes, which generalize both block and convolutional codes, are defined by their encoders, which are finite-state machines with parallel inputs and outputs. A family of upper bounds on the free distance of a given FS code is derived. A general construction for FS codes is given, and it is shown that in many cases the FS codes constructed in this way have a free distance that is the largest possible. Catastrophic error propagation (CEP) for FS codes is also discussed. It is found that to avoid CEP one must solve the graph-theoretic problem of finding a uniquely decodable edge labeling of the state diagram.

Pollara, Fabrizio; Mceliece, Robert J.; Abdel-Ghaffar, Khaled

1988-01-01

9

A Retrospective Analysis of Commercial Building Energy Codes: 1990 – 2008  

SciTech Connect

Building Energy Codes Program's efforts are designed to result in increased stringency in national model energy codes, more rapid and broader adoption by states and localities of updated codes, and increased compliance and enforcement. Report estimates the historical impact of Building Energy Codes Program in terms of energy savings achieved that are based upon various editions of ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1 (ASHRAE Standard 90.1).

Belzer, David B.; McDonald, Sean C.; Halverson, Mark A.

2010-10-01

10

1994 Building energy codes and standards workshops: Summary and documentation  

SciTech Connect

During the spring of 1994, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Codes and Standards, conducted five two-day Regional Building Energy Codes and Standards workshops across the United States. Workshops were held in Chicago, Philadelphia, Atlanta, Dallas, and Denver. The workshops were designed to benefit state-level officials including staff of building code commissions, energy offices, public utility commissions, and others involved with adopting/updating, implementing, and enforcing state building codes in their states. The workshops provided an opportunity for state and other officials to learn more about the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) requirements for residential and commercial building energy codes, the Climate Change Action Plan, the role of the U.S. Department of Energy and the Building Energy Standards Program at Pacific Northwest Laboratory, the commercial and residential codes and standards, the Home Energy Rating Systems (HERS), Energy Efficient Mortgages (EEM), training issues, and other topics related to the development, adoption, implementation, and enforcement of building energy codes. In addition to receiving information on the above topics, workshop participants were also encouraged to inform DOE of their needs, particularly with regard to implementing building energy codes, enhancing current implementation efforts, and building on training efforts already in place. This paper documents the workshop findings and workshop planning and follow-up processes.

Sandahl, L.J.; Shankle, D.L.

1994-09-01

11

Office of Codes and Standards resource book. Section 1, Building energy codes and standards  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Office of Codes and Standards has developed this Resource Book to provide: A discussion of DOE involvement in building codes and standards; a current and accurate set of descriptions of residential, commercial, and Federal building codes and standards; information on State contacts, State code status, State building construction unit volume, and State needs; and a list of stakeholders in the building energy codes and standards arena. The Resource Book is considered an evolving document and will be updated occasionally. Users are requested to submit additional data (e.g., more current, widely accepted, and/or documented data) and suggested changes to the address listed below. Please provide sources for all data provided.

Hattrup, M.P.

1995-01-01

12

1995 building energy codes and standards workshops: Summary and documentation  

SciTech Connect

During the spring of 1995, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted four two-day Regional Building Energy Codes and Standards workshops across the US. Workshops were held in Chicago, Denver, Rhode Island, and Atlanta. The workshops were designed to benefit state-level officials including staff of building code commissions, energy offices, public utility commissions, and others involved with adopting/updating, implementing, and enforcing building energy codes in their states. The workshops provided an opportunity for state and other officials to learn more about residential and commercial building energy codes and standards, the role of the US Department of Energy and the Building Standards and Guidelines Program at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Home Energy Rating Systems (HERS), Energy Efficient Mortgages (EEM), training issues, and other topics related to the development, adoption, implementation, and enforcement of building energy codes. Participants heard success stories, got tips on enforcement training, and received technical support materials. In addition to receiving information on the above topics, workshop participants had an opportunity to provide input on code adoption issues, building industry training issues, building design issues, and exemplary programs across the US. This paper documents the workshop planning, findings, and follow-up processes.

Sandahl, L.J.; Shankle, D.L.

1996-02-01

13

Building and Facility Codes Code Building Location Bldg # Coordinates  

E-print Network

& Mathematics Building Muir 249 F7 ASANT Asante Hall Eleanor Roosevelt 446 F5 BIO Biology Building Muir 259 F7 Center 984 H8 CICC Copely International Conference Center Eleanor Roosevelt 455 F4 CILAS Center for Iberian and Latin American Studies Eleanor Roosevelt 451 F4 CLICS Center for Library & Instructional

Russell, Lynn

14

Building Construction and Codes Course Outline  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document from Betty Ravnik of Alexandria Technical College provides an outline for a three-credit building construction and codes course. The main goal of this course is to identify housing components and historic housing styles. Students learn about common structural materials used in building and their applications. The outline includes an extensive list of objectives for the course. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

Ravnik, Betty

2011-11-24

15

Energy codes and the building design process: Opportunities for improvement  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy Act (EPAct), passed by Congress in 1992, requires states to adopt building energy codes for new commercial buildings that meet or exceed the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) and Illuminating Engineers Society of North America (IES) Standard 90.1-1989 by October 24, 1994. In response to EPAct many states will be adopting a state-wide energy code for the first time. Understanding the role of stakeholders in the building design process is key to the successful implementation of these codes. In 1993, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) conducted a survey of architects and designers to determine how much they know about energy codes, to what extent energy-efficiency concerns influence the design process, and how they convey information about energy-efficient designs and products to their clients. Findings of the PNL survey, together with related information from a survey by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and other reports, are presented in this report. This information may be helpful for state and utility energy program managers and others who will be involved in promoting the adoption and implementation of state energy codes that meet the requirements of EPAct.

Sandahl, L.J.; Shankle, D.L.; Rigler, E.J.

1994-05-01

16

A Comparative Study on Seismic Analysis of Bangladesh National Building Code (BNBC) with Other Building Codes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tectonic framework of Bangladesh and adjoining areas indicate that Bangladesh lies well within an active seismic zone. The after effect of earthquake is more severe in an underdeveloped and a densely populated country like ours than any other developed countries. Bangladesh National Building Code (BNBC) was first established in 1993 to provide guidelines for design and construction of new structure subject to earthquake ground motions in order to minimize the risk to life for all structures. A revision of BNBC 1993 is undergoing to make this up to date with other international building codes. This paper aims at the comparison of various provisions of seismic analysis as given in building codes of different countries. This comparison will give an idea regarding where our country stands when it comes to safety against earth quake. Primarily, various seismic parameters in BNBC 2010 (draft) have been studied and compared with that of BNBC 1993. Later, both 1993 and 2010 edition of BNBC codes have been compared graphically with building codes of other countries such as National Building Code of India 2005 (NBC-India 2005), American Society of Civil Engineering 7-05 (ASCE 7-05). The base shear/weight ratios have been plotted against the height of the building. The investigation in this paper reveals that BNBC 1993 has the least base shear among all the codes. Factored Base shear values of BNBC 2010 are found to have increased significantly than that of BNBC 1993 for low rise buildings (?20 m) around the country than its predecessor. Despite revision of the code, BNBC 2010 (draft) still suggests less base shear values when compared to the Indian and American code. Therefore, this increase in factor of safety against the earthquake imposed by the proposed BNBC 2010 code by suggesting higher values of base shear is appreciable.

Bari, Md. S.; Das, T.

2013-09-01

17

FALCON BUILDING LIST BY CODE rev 03-01-13 Bldg Code Bldg Name PROPERTY  

E-print Network

FALCON BUILDING LIST BY CODE rev 03-01-13 Bldg Code Bldg Name PROPERTY 5 Anatomy Chemistry CAMPUS-5-155 Page 1 of 24 #12;FALCON BUILDING LIST BY CODE rev 03-01-13 Bldg Code Bldg Name PROPERTY 160-Fischer Hall CAMPUS-284 Page 2 of 24 #12;FALCON BUILDING LIST BY CODE rev 03-01-13 Bldg Code Bldg Name PROPERTY

Sharp, Kim

18

An Analysis of Statewide Adoption Rates of Building Energy Code by Local Jurisdictions  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study is to generally inform the U.S. Department of Energy’s Building Energy Codes Program of the local, effective energy code adoption rate for a sample set of 21 states, some which have adopted statewide codes and some that have not. Information related to the residential energy code adoption process and status at the local jurisdiction was examined for each of the states. Energy code status information was gathered for approximately 2,800 jurisdictions, which effectively covered approximately 80 percent of the new residential building construction in the 21 states included in the study.

Cort, Katherine A.; Butner, Ryan S.

2012-12-31

19

Technical Options for Energy Conservation in Buildings. National Conference of States on Building Codes and Standards and National Bureau of Standards Joint Emergency Workshop on Energy Conservation in Buildings. (Washington, D.C., June 19, 1973) NBS Technical Note 789.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this report is to provide reference material on the technical options for energy conservation in buildings. Actions pertinent to existing buildings and new buildings are considered separately. Regarding existing buildings, principal topics include summer cooling, winter heating, and other energy-related features such as insulation,…

National Bureau of Standards (DOC), Washington, DC. Inst. for Applied Technology.

20

SALT steady state systems code  

Microsoft Academic Search

A steady state system code has been developed at ANL and has been used to analyze or evaluate the following technologies: open cycle magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), liquid metal MHD, fuel cells, combined cycle coal gasification plants, pulverized coal fired power plants with flue gas desulfurization, pressurized and atmospheric fluidized bed combustion plants, municipal solid waste disposal systems, geothermal systems, fusion reactor

G. Berry; H. Geyer

1983-01-01

21

BUILDING AND FIRE CODE REQUIREMENTS FOR STATIONARY STORAGE BATTERY SYSTEMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assigning a separate section of building and fire codes to stationary storage battery systems avoids unnecessary, complicated, and costly requirements set forth in the hazardous materials chapters of the codes and presents best practices and national consistency for manufacturers, designers, contractors, building officials, and users. This presentation is a journey that will explore the history and evolution of stationary storage

Ronald Marts

22

Potential Job Creation in Nevada as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes  

SciTech Connect

Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

2013-09-01

23

Potential Job Creation in Tennessee as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes  

SciTech Connect

Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

2013-09-01

24

Potential Job Creation in Minnesota as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes  

SciTech Connect

Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

2013-09-01

25

Potential Job Creation in Rhode Island as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes  

SciTech Connect

Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

2013-09-01

26

Photovoltaic and solar-thermal technologies in residential building codes, tackling building code requirements to overcome the impediments to applying new technologies  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the building code requirements and impediments to applying photovoltaic (PV) and solar-thermal technologies in residential buildings (one- or two-family dwellings). It reviews six modern model building codes that represent the codes to be adopted by most locations in the coming years: International Residential Code, First Draft (IRC), International Energy Conservation Code (IECC), International Mechanical Code (IMC), International Plumbing Code (IPC), International Fuel Gas Code (IFGC), and National Electrical Code (NEC). The IRC may become the basis for many of the building codes in the United States after it is released in 2000, and it references the other codes that will also likely become applicable at that time. These codes are reviewed as they apply to photovoltaic systems in buildings and building-integrated photovoltaic systems and to active-solar domestic hot-water and space-heating systems. The first discussion is on general code issues that impact the s e technologies-for example, solar access and sustainability. Then, secondly, the discussion investigates the relationship of the technologies to the codes, providing examples, while keeping two major issues in mind: How do the codes treat these technologies as building components? and Do the IECC and other codes allow reasonable credit for the energy impacts of the technologies? The codes can impact the implementation of the above technologies in several ways: (1) The technology is not mentioned in the codes. It may be an obstacle to implementing the technology, and the solution is to develop appropriate explicit sections or language in the codes. (2) The technology is discussed by the codes, but the language is confusing or ambiguous. The solution is to clarify the language. (3) The technology is discussed in the codes, but the discussion is spread over several sections or different codes. Practitioners may not easily find all of the relevant material that should be considered. The so lution is to put all relevant information in one section or to more clearly reference relevant sections. (4) The technology is prohibited by the code. Examples of this situation were not found. However, energy credit for some technologies cannot be achieved with the requirements of these codes. Finally, four types of future action are recommended to make the codes reviewed in this report more accommodating to renewable energy technologies: (1) Include suggested language additions and changes in the codes; (2) Create new code sections that place all of the requirements for a technology in one section of an appropriate code; (3) Apply existing standards, as appropriate, to innovative renewable energy and energy conservation technologies; and (4) Develop new standards, as necessary, to ease code compliance. A synergy may be possible in developing suitable code language changes for both photovoltaic and solar hot-water systems. The installation of rooftop photovoltaic panels and solar hot- water collectors involves many overlapping issues. Roof loading, weather tightness, mounting systems, roof penetrations, and similar concerns are identical for both technologies. If such work can be coordinated, organizations supporting both technologies could work together to implement the appropriate revisions and additions to the codes.

Wortman, D.; Echo-Hawk, L. [authors] and Wiechman, J.; Hayter, S.; Gwinner, D. [eds.

1999-10-04

27

Could Building Energy Codes Mandate Rooftop Solar in the Future?  

SciTech Connect

This paper explores existing requirements and compliance options for both commercial and residential code structures. Common alternative compliance options are discussed including Renewable Energy Credits (RECs), green-power purchasing programs, shared solar programs and other community-based renewable energy investments. Compliance options are analyzed to consider building lifespan, cost-effectiveness, energy trade-offs, enforcement concerns and future code development. Existing onsite renewable energy codes are highlighted as case studies for the code development process.

Dillon, Heather E.; Antonopoulos, Chrissi A.; Solana, Amy E.; Russo, Bryan J.; Williams, Jeremiah

2012-08-01

28

Constructions for finite-state codes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A class of codes called finite-state (FS) codes is defined and investigated. These codes, which generalize both block and convolutional codes, are defined by their encoders, which are finite-state machines with parallel inputs and outputs. A family of upper bounds on the free distance of a given FS code is derived from known upper bounds on the minimum distance of block codes. A general construction for FS codes is then given, based on the idea of partitioning a given linear block into cosets of one of its subcodes, and it is shown that in many cases the FS codes constructed in this way have a d sub free which is as large as possible. These codes are found without the need for lengthy computer searches, and have potential applications for future deep-space coding systems. The issue of catastropic error propagation (CEP) for FS codes is also investigated.

Pollara, F.; Mceliece, R. J.; Abdel-Ghaffar, K.

1987-01-01

29

BUILDING CODES: BARRIERS TO GREEN INNOVATION  

E-print Network

-residential building criteria include planning and design, energy efficiency, water efficiency and conservation management, energy and water efficiency, responsible material selection, minimization of CO2 emissions on Cities and Green Building For many years, organizations and individuals have been actively promoting

30

Building guide : how to build Xyce from source code.  

SciTech Connect

While Xyce uses the Autoconf and Automake system to configure builds, it is often necessary to perform more than the customary %E2%80%9C./configure%E2%80%9D builds many open source users have come to expect. This document describes the steps needed to get Xyce built on a number of common platforms.

Keiter, Eric Richard; Russo, Thomas V.; Schiek, Richard Louis; Sholander, Peter E.; Thornquist, Heidi K.; Mei, Ting; Verley, Jason C.

2013-08-01

31

The Florida Energy Efficiency Building Code, the Second Generation  

E-print Network

THE FLORIDA ENERGY EFFICIENCY BUILDING CODE. THE SECOND GENERATION Richard W. Dixon Assistant in Engineering University of Florida Gainesville, Florida 3261 1 ABSTRACT This paper discusses the Revision of the Residential Sections...THE FLORIDA ENERGY EFFICIENCY BUILDING CODE. THE SECOND GENERATION Richard W. Dixon Assistant in Engineering University of Florida Gainesville, Florida 3261 1 ABSTRACT This paper discusses the Revision of the Residential Sections...

Dixon, R. W.

1985-01-01

32

Residential building code compliance: Implications for evaluating the performance of utility residential new construction programs  

SciTech Connect

Knowing how well builders comply with (or exceed) energy-related building codes is critical for completing a sound evaluation of utility residential new construction programs and for determining the actual cost-effectiveness of these programs. Obtaining credit from utility regulators for additional energy savings from code compliance in participant houses as a result of the utility program is one of the key options available for utilities for improving the cost-effectiveness of these programs. In this paper, the authors examine residential building energy code compliance and specific code violations in three states (California, Oregon and Washington). They then compare residential building energy code compliance for program participants and nonparticipants as well as estimates of the energy savings impacts from noncompliance. The authors also point out some of the methodological limitations of these studies which limit the ability to generalize from these studies.

Vine, E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

1996-05-01

33

User's Manual for SIN: a One-Dimensional Hydrodynamic Code for Problems That Include Chemical Reactions, Elastic--Plastic Flow, Spalling, Phase Transitions, Melting, Forest Fire, Detonation Build-Up, and Sesame Tabular Equation of State.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A CDC 7600 or CRAY computer FORTRAN code for computing one-dimensional hydrodynamic problems in slab, cylindrical, or spherical geometry with realistic equations of state is described. Features available in the code include chemical reactions using an Arr...

C. L. Mader, M. S. Shaw

1978-01-01

34

Understanding Energy Code Acceptance within the Alaska Building Community  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the technical assistance provided to the Alaska Home Financing Corporation on behalf of PNNL regarding the assessment of attitudes toward energy codes within the building community in Alaska. It includes a summary of the existing situation and specific assistance requested by AHFC, the results of a questionnaire designed for builders surveyed in a suburban area of Anchorage, interviews with a lender, a building official, and a research specialist, and recommendations for future action by AHFC.

Mapes, Terry S.

2012-02-14

35

New York State Code Adoption Analysis: Lighting Requirements  

SciTech Connect

The adoption of the IECC 2003 Energy code will include a set of Lighting Power Density (LPD) values that are effectively a subset of the values in Addendum g to the ASHRAE/IESNA/ANSI 90.1-2001 Standard which will soon be printed as part of the 90.1-2004 version. An analysis of the effectiveness of this adoption for New York State can be provided by a direct comparison of these values with existing LPD levels represented in the current IECC 2000 code, which are themselves a subset of the current ASHRAE/IESNA/ANSI 90.1-2001 Standard (without addenda). Because the complete ASHRAE 2001 and 2004 sets of LPDs are supported by a set of detailed models, they are best suited to provide the basis for an analysis comparison of the two code levels of lighting power density stringency. It is important to note that this kind of analysis is a point-to-point comparison where a fixed level of real world activity is assumed. It is understood that buildings are not built precisely to code levels and that actual percentage of compliance above and below codes will vary among individual buildings and building types. However, without specific knowledge of this real world activity for all buildings in existence and in the future (post-code adoption) it is not possible to analyze actual effects of code adoption. However, it is possible to compare code levels and determine the potential effect of changes from one code requirement level to another. This is the comparison and effectiveness assessment

Richman, Eric E.

2004-10-20

36

Enforcing Building Energy Codes in China: Progress and Comparative Lessons  

SciTech Connect

From 1995 to 2005, building energy use in China increased more rapidly than the world average. China has been adding 0.4 to 1.6 billion square meters of floor space annually , making it the world’s largest market for new construction. In fact, by 2020, China is expected to comprise half of all new construction. In response to this, China has begun to make important steps towards achieving building energy efficiency, including the implementation of building energy standards that requires new buildings to be 65% more efficient than buildings from the early 1980s. Making progress on reducing building energy use requires both a comprehensive code and a robust enforcement system. The latter – the enforcement system – is a particularly critical component for assuring that a building code has an effect. China has dramatically enhanced its enforcement system in the past two years, with more detailed requirements for ensuring enforcement and new penalties for non-compliance. We believe that the U.S. and other developed countries could benefit from learning about the multiple checks and the documentation required in China. Similarly, some of the more user-friendly enforcement approaches developed in the U.S. and elsewhere may be useful for China as it strives to improve enforcement in rural and smaller communities. In this article, we provide context to China’s building codes enforcement system by comparing it to the U.S. Among some of the enforcement mechanisms we look at are testing and rating procedures, compliance software, and training and public information.

Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Halverson, Mark A.; Delgado, Alison

2010-08-15

37

Energy Code Enforcement Training Manual : Covering the Washington State Energy Code and the Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality Code.  

SciTech Connect

This manual is designed to provide building department personnel with specific inspection and plan review skills and information on provisions of the 1991 edition of the Washington State Energy Code (WSEC). It also provides information on provisions of the new stand-alone Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality (VIAQ) Code.The intent of the WSEC is to reduce the amount of energy used by requiring energy-efficient construction. Such conservation reduces energy requirements, and, as a result, reduces the use of finite resources, such as gas or oil. Lowering energy demand helps everyone by keeping electricity costs down. (It is less expensive to use existing electrical capacity efficiently than it is to develop new and additional capacity needed to heat or cool inefficient buildings.) The new VIAQ Code (effective July, 1991) is a natural companion to the energy code. Whether energy-efficient or not, an homes have potential indoor air quality problems. Studies have shown that indoor air is often more polluted than outdoor air. The VIAQ Code provides a means of exchanging stale air for fresh, without compromising energy savings, by setting standards for a controlled ventilation system. It also offers requirements meant to prevent indoor air pollution from building products or radon.

Washington State Energy Code Program

1992-05-01

38

Integrating Renewable Energy Requirements Into Building Energy Codes  

SciTech Connect

This report evaluates how and when to best integrate renewable energy requirements into building energy codes. The basic goals were to: (1) provide a rough guide of where we’re going and how to get there; (2) identify key issues that need to be considered, including a discussion of various options with pros and cons, to help inform code deliberations; and (3) to help foster alignment among energy code-development organizations. The authors researched current approaches nationally and internationally, conducted a survey of key stakeholders to solicit input on various approaches, and evaluated the key issues related to integration of renewable energy requirements and various options to address those issues. The report concludes with recommendations and a plan to engage stakeholders. This report does not evaluate whether the use of renewable energy should be required on buildings; that question involves a political decision that is beyond the scope of this report.

Kaufmann, John R.; Hand, James R.; Halverson, Mark A.

2011-07-01

39

Renewable Energy Requirements for Future Building Codes: Options for Compliance  

SciTech Connect

As the model energy codes are improved to reach efficiency levels 50 percent greater than current codes, use of on-site renewable energy generation is likely to become a code requirement. This requirement will be needed because traditional mechanisms for code improvement, including envelope, mechanical and lighting, have been pressed to the end of reasonable limits. Research has been conducted to determine the mechanism for implementing this requirement (Kaufman 2011). Kaufmann et al. determined that the most appropriate way to structure an on-site renewable requirement for commercial buildings is to define the requirement in terms of an installed power density per unit of roof area. This provides a mechanism that is suitable for the installation of photovoltaic (PV) systems on future buildings to offset electricity and reduce the total building energy load. Kaufmann et al. suggested that an appropriate maximum for the requirement in the commercial sector would be 4 W/ft{sup 2} of roof area or 0.5 W/ft{sup 2} of conditioned floor area. As with all code requirements, there must be an alternative compliance path for buildings that may not reasonably meet the renewables requirement. This might include conditions like shading (which makes rooftop PV arrays less effective), unusual architecture, undesirable roof pitch, unsuitable building orientation, or other issues. In the short term, alternative compliance paths including high performance mechanical equipment, dramatic envelope changes, or controls changes may be feasible. These options may be less expensive than many renewable systems, which will require careful balance of energy measures when setting the code requirement levels. As the stringency of the code continues to increase however, efficiency trade-offs will be maximized, requiring alternative compliance options to be focused solely on renewable electricity trade-offs or equivalent programs. One alternate compliance path includes purchase of Renewable Energy Credits (RECs). Each REC represents a specified amount of renewable electricity production and provides an offset of environmental externalities associated with non-renewable electricity production. The purpose of this paper is to explore the possible issues with RECs and comparable alternative compliance options. Existing codes have been examined to determine energy equivalence between the energy generation requirement and the RECs alternative over the life of the building. The price equivalence of the requirement and the alternative are determined to consider the economic drivers for a market decision. This research includes case studies that review how the few existing codes have incorporated RECs and some of the issues inherent with REC markets. Section 1 of the report reviews compliance options including RECs, green energy purchase programs, shared solar agreements and leases, and other options. Section 2 provides detailed case studies on codes that include RECs and community based alternative compliance methods. The methods the existing code requirements structure alternative compliance options like RECs are the focus of the case studies. Section 3 explores the possible structure of the renewable energy generation requirement in the context of energy and price equivalence. The price of RECs have shown high variation by market and over time which makes it critical to for code language to be updated frequently for a renewable energy generation requirement or the requirement will not remain price-equivalent over time. Section 4 of the report provides a maximum case estimate for impact to the PV market and the REC market based on the Kaufmann et al. proposed requirement levels. If all new buildings in the commercial sector complied with the requirement to install rooftop PV arrays, nearly 4,700 MW of solar would be installed in 2012, a major increase from EIA estimates of 640 MW of solar generation capacity installed in 2009. The residential sector could contribute roughly an additional 2,300 MW based on the same code requirement levels of 4 W/ft{sup 2} of r

Dillon, Heather E.; Antonopoulos, Chrissi A.; Solana, Amy E.; Russo, Bryan J.

2011-09-30

40

Adoption, implementation and enforcement of commercial building energy codes in New Mexico and Arizona  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is considering ways to encourage states to adopt energy efficiency standards for residential and commercial buildings in the private sector. Such standards are now mandatory for federal buildings, and for private buildings in 34 states; in the remaining 16 states, the standards serve as guidelines for voluntary compliance. In this study for DOE, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) assessed the process by which energy codes for commercial buildings were adopted and implemented in Arizona and New Mexico. Information was gathered primarily through a series of interviews with state officials, city building officials, architects and engineers, builders, and staff from utilities in the two states. Until other state processes are studied, the extent of the similarities and dissimilarities to the situation in New Mexico and Arizona are unknown. A more extensive study may show that at least some elements of the two state's experience have been paralleled in other parts of the country. General strategies to encourage the adoption of energy codes, assist implementation, and support enforcement were developed based on the research from Arizona and New Mexico and are presented in this report. 6 refs., 4 figs.

Callaway, J W; Thurman, A G; Shankle, D L

1991-07-01

41

Local Equivalence of Surface Code States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Surface code states are an important class of stabilizer states that play a prominent role in quantum information processing. In this paper we show that these states do not contain any counterexamples to the recently disproved LU-LC conjecture. In the process we show that An important consequence of our result is that surface codes do not have any encoded non-Clifford transversal gates. We also prove some interesting structural properties of the CSS surface code states. We show that these states can be characterized as a class of minor closed binary matroids. This characterization could be of independent interest in that it makes a connection with the theory of binary matroids.

Sarvepalli, Pradeep; Raussendorf, Robert

42

Assessment of state`s needs for building energy information tools  

SciTech Connect

In this study for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Codes and Standards, Building Energy Standards Program (BESP), which is operated by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), conducted two surveys of state agencies involved with building codes (including each state energy office) to determine what resources they would find most helpful in complying with the residential and commercial energy efficiency requirements of the Energy Policy Act of 1992. PNL conducted a telephone survey of all 50 states and then a mail survey of each state plus Washington, DC and the six trust territories. In the mail survey the survey participants were provided with a list of 27 hypothetical tool descriptions; the participants were asked to choose the tools they thought would be most useful in helping them implement building energy codes and standards in their state. The respondents were also asked to characterize their state`s commercial and/or residential building energy code development/implementation processes. The mail survey respondents were also asked if they would be interested in serving on task forces for commercial or residential code development, implementation, enforcement or utility programs.

Hattrup, M.P.; Gilbride, T.L.

1994-08-01

43

Using Third-Party Inspectors in Building Energy Codes Enforcement in India  

SciTech Connect

India is experiencing fast income growth and urbanization, and this leads to unprecedented increases in demand for building energy services and resulting energy consumption. In response to rapid growth in building energy use, the Government of India issued the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) in 2007, which is consistent with and based on the 2001 Energy Conservation Act. ECBC implementation has been voluntary since its enactment and a few states have started to make progress towards mandatory implementation. Rajasthan is the first state in India to adopt ECBC as a mandatory code. The State adopted ECBC with minor additions on March 28, 2011 through a stakeholder process; it became mandatory in Rajasthan on September 28, 2011. Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh have started to draft an implementation roadmap and build capacity for its implementation. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) plans to encourage more states to adopt ECBC in the near future, including Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, West Bengal, and Delhi. Since its inception, India has applied the code on a voluntary basis, but the Government of India is developing a strategy to mandate compliance. Implementing ECBC requires coordination between the Ministry of Power and the Ministry of Urban Development at the national level as well as interdepartmental coordination at the state level. One challenge is that the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs), the enforcement entities of building by-laws, lack capacity to implement ECBC effectively. For example, ULBs in some states might find the building permitting procedures to be too complex; in other cases, lack of awareness and technical knowledge on ECBC slows down the amendment of local building by-laws as well as ECBC implementation. The intent of this white paper is to share with Indian decision-makers code enforcement approaches: through code officials, third-party inspectors, or a hybrid approach. Given the limited capacity and human resources available in the state and local governments, involving third-party inspectors could rapidly expand the capacity for plan reviews and broad implementation. However, the procedures of involving third-parties need to be carefully designed in order to guarantee a fair process. For example, there should be multiple checks and certification requirements for third-party inspectors, and the government should have the final approval when third-party inspectors are used in a project. This paper discusses different approaches of involving third-parties in ECBC enforcement; the Indian states may choose the approaches that work best in their given circumstances.

Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd; Kumar, Pradeep; Van Wie, Laura; Bhatt, Vatsal

2013-01-31

44

Recommendations on Implementing the Energy Conservation Building Code in Rajasthan, India  

SciTech Connect

India launched the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) in 2007 and Indian Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) recently indicated that it would move to mandatory implementation in the 12th Five-Year Plan. The State of Rajasthan adopted ECBC with minor modifications; the new regulation is known as the Energy Conservation Building Directives – Rajasthan 2011 (ECBD-R). It became mandatory in Rajasthan on September 28, 2011. This report provides recommendations on an ECBD-R enforcement roadmap for the State of Rajasthan.

Yu, Sha; Makela, Eric J.; Evans, Meredydd; Mathur, Jyotirmay

2012-02-01

45

Associated Students of Boise State University Governing Code  

E-print Network

Associated Students of Boise State University Governing Code CHAPTERS get caps and underlined I. Titles are in bold. Definitions: Underlined with colon, always end with a period. I. Code Overview II. Ethics Code III. Financial Code IV. Executive Council Code V. Assembly Code VI. Election Code #12;CHAPTER

Barrash, Warren

46

Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level  

SciTech Connect

This report examines the requirements of the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code® (IECC) on residential buildings on a state-by-state basis with a separate, stand-alone chapter for each state. A summary of the requirements of the code is given for each state. The 2009 IECC is then compared to the current state code for most states or typical current construction practice for the states that do not have a residential energy efficiency code. This is the final version of a draft report by the same name that was previously cleared for release (ERICA # PNNL-18545).

Lucas, Robert G.; Cole, Pamala C.

2009-10-01

47

Unbalanced Quantized Multiple State Video Coding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multiple state video coding (MSVC) is a multiple description scheme based on frame-wise splitting of the video sequence into two or more subsequences. Each subsequence is encoded separately to generate descriptions which can be decoded independently. Due to subsequence splitting, the prediction gain decreases. But since reconstruction capabilities improve, error resilience of the system increases. Our focus is on multiple

Sila Ekmekci Flierl; Thomas Sikora; Pascal Frossard

2006-01-01

48

A MODEL BUILDING CODE ARTICLE ON FALLOUT SHELTERS WITH RECOMMENDATIONS FOR INCLUSION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR FALLOUT SHELTER CONSTRUCTION IN FOUR NATIONAL MODEL BUILDING CODES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A MODEL BUILDING CODE FOR FALLOUT SHELTERS WAS DRAWN UP FOR INCLUSION IN FOUR NATIONAL MODEL BUILDING CODES. DISCUSSION IS GIVEN OF FALLOUT SHELTERS WITH RESPECT TO--(1) NUCLEAR RADIATION, (2) NATIONAL POLICIES, AND (3) COMMUNITY PLANNING. FALLOUT SHELTER REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIELDING, SPACE, VENTILATION, CONSTRUCTION, AND SERVICES SUCH AS ELECTRICAL…

American Inst. of Architects, Washington, DC.

49

Simplified Prescriptive Options in the Texas Residential Building Energy Code Make Compliance Easy  

E-print Network

compliance options in the new Texas code spans from simplified prescriptive methods on one end to more complex performance (whole building) methods on the other. This paper addresses how energy code compliance is much simpler through the use of simplified...

Stone, G. A.; DeVito, E. M.; Nease, N. H.

2002-01-01

50

NMACA Approach Used to Build a Secure Message Authentication Code  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Secure storage systems should consider the integrity and authentication of long-term stored information. When information is transferred through communication channels, different types of digital information can be represented, such as documents, images, and database tables. The authenticity of such information must be verified, especially when it is transferred through communication channels. Authentication verification techniques are used to verify that the information in an archive is authentic and has not been intentionally or maliciously altered. In addition to detecting malicious attacks, verifying the integrity also identifies data corruption. The purpose of Message Authentication Code (MAC) is to authenticate messages, where MAC algorithms are keyed hash functions. In most cases, MAC techniques use iterated hash functions, and these techniques are called iterated MACs. Such techniques usually use a MAC key as an input to the compression function, and this key is involved in the compression function, f, at every stage. Modification detection codes (MDCs) are un-keyed hash functions, and are widely used by authentication techniques such as MD4, MD5, SHA-1, and RIPEMD-160. There have been new attacks on hash functions such as MD5 and SHA-1, which requires the introduction of more secure hash functions. In this paper, we introduce a new MAC methodology that uses an input MAC key in the compression function, to change the order of the message words and shifting operation in the compression function. The new methodology can be used in conjunction with a wide range of modification detection code techniques. Using the SHA-1 algorithm as a model, a new (SHA-1)-MAC algorithm is presented. The (SHA-1)-MAC algorithm uses the MAC key to build the hash functions by defining the order for accessing source words and defining the number of bit positions for circular left shifts.

Alosaimy, Raed; Alghathbar, Khaled; Hafez, Alaaeldin M.; Eldefrawy, Mohamed H.

51

FALCON BUILDING LIST BY NAME rev 03-01-13 Bldg Name Bldg Code PROPERTY  

E-print Network

FALCON BUILDING LIST BY NAME rev 03-01-13 Bldg Name Bldg Code PROPERTY 3910 Building 2104 PMC-2104 Bustelton Avenue, 9892 2409 OTP-2409 Carolyn Hoff Lynch Biology Lab 241 CAMPUS-241 Page 1 of 24 #12;FALCON 7037 WPH-7037 Chestnut Street, 4210 7109 WPH-7109 Page 2 of 24 #12;FALCON BUILDING LIST BY NAME rev 03

Sharp, Kim

52

Building a Control-flow Graph from Scheduled Assembly Code  

Microsoft Academic Search

Av arietyof applications have arisen where it is worth- while to apply code optimizations directly to the ma- chine code (or assembly code) produced by a compiler. These include link-time whole-program analysis and op- timization, code compression, binary-to-binary transla- tion, and bit-transition reduction (for power). Many, if not most, optimizations assume the presence of a control-flow graph (cfg). Compiled, scheduled

Keith D. Cooper; Timothy J. Harvey; Todd Waterman

53

Perfect teleportation and superdense coding with W states  

SciTech Connect

True tripartite entanglement of the state of a system of three qubits can be classified on the basis of stochastic local operations and classical communications. Such states can be classified into two categories: GHZ states and W states. It is known that GHZ states can be used for teleportation and superdense coding, but the prototype W state cannot be. However, we show that there is a class of W states that can be used for perfect teleportation and superdense coding.

Agrawal, Pankaj; Pati, Arun [Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar-751005, Orissa (India)

2006-12-15

54

Logical network implementation for cluster states and graph codes  

E-print Network

In a previous paper a straight forward construction method for quantum error correcting codes, based on graphs, has been presented. These graph codes are directly related to cluster states which have been introduced by Briegel and Raussendorf. We show that the preparation of a cluster state as well as the coding operation for a graph code, can be implemented by a logical network. Concerning the qubit case each vertex corresponds to an Hadamard gate and each edge corresponds to a controlled not gate.

Dirk Schlingemann

2002-02-01

55

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Technologies in Residential Building Codes: June 15, 1998 to September 15, 1998  

SciTech Connect

This report is an attempt to describe the building code requirements and impediments to the application of EE and RE technologies in residential buildings. Several modern model building codes were reviewed. These are representative of the codes that will be adopted by most locations in the coming years. The codes reviewed for this report include: International Residential Code, First Draft, April 1998; International Energy Conservation Code, 1998; International Mechanical Code, 1998; International Plumbing Code, 1997; International Fuel Gas Code, 1997; National Electrical Code, 1996. These codes were reviewed as to their application to (1) PV systems in buildings and building-integrated PV systems and (2) active solar domestic hot water and space-heating systems. A discussion of general code issues that impact these technologies is also included. Examples of this are solar access and sustainability.

Wortman, D.; Echo-Hawk, L.

2005-02-01

56

Sprinkler systems: code review in high-rise buildings use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automatic sprinkler systems are considered as one of the most important facilities for providing building fire safety. Even old high-rise buildings are required to upgrade the fire safety provisions. Four standards on installing sprinkler systems in high-rise commercial buildings are briefly reviewed and compared. They are the British Standard 5306, the National Fire Protection Association Standard NFPA-13, the Australian Standard

L. T. Wong; H. W. Chong; W. K. Chow

2002-01-01

57

Sess Code Subject Catalog# Class Sect Start Time End Time Room/Building Instruction ModeDays of Week Department  

E-print Network

Sess Code Subject Catalog# Class Sect Start Time End Time Room/Building Instruction Mode Code Subject Catalog# Class Sect Start Time End Time Room/Building Instruction ModeDays of Week Term for students. #12;Sess Code Subject Catalog# Class Sect Start Time End Time Room/Building Instruction Mode

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

58

Optimal dense coding with arbitrary pure entangled states  

E-print Network

We examine dense coding with an arbitrary pure entangled state sharing between the sender and the receiver. Upper bounds on the average success probability in approximate dense coding and on the probability of conclusive results in unambiguous dense coding are derived. We also construct the optimal protocol which saturates the upper bound in each case.

Yuan Feng; Runyao Duan; Zhengfeng Ji

2006-04-20

59

Institutions by imposition : colonial lessons for contemporary state-building  

E-print Network

What explains variation in institution-building under foreign occupations? Why do some state-building missions produce effective and durable state institutions, while others leave a legacy of weak or dysfunctional ones? I ...

Matsuzaki, Reo

2011-01-01

60

76 FR 56413 - Building Energy Codes Cost Analysis  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...change DOE will usually employ computer simulation analysis (situations in which other...national) energy impact estimate based on simulation results from weather locations representative...sections that follow. Building Energy Use Simulation Assumptions and Methodology The...

2011-09-13

61

A labeling procedure for linear finite-state codes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A method to define the labels of the state diagram of a linear finite-state code is presented and investigated. This method is particularly suitable for simple hardware implementation since it simplifies the encoder structure. The method can also be applied to the labeling of a state diagram that is not completely connected to obtain a linear finite state code with larger free distance.

Cheung, K.-M.

1988-01-01

62

Net-energy analysis finds potential for waste in building-energy code  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeowners in West Germany will be able to save on fuel costs by complying with a new code that sets a standard for heat loss, but the energy required to produce building materials will, in some cases, surpass those savings. Inexpensive building materials of sandstone, brick, and pumice are popular but offer poor insulation. Walls made of concrete mixed with

Dullien

1976-01-01

63

Building the Tangent and Adjoint codes of the Ocean General Circulation Model OPA with the Automatic Differentiation tool TAPENADE  

E-print Network

The ocean general circulation model OPA is developed by the LODYC team at Paris VI university. OPA has recently undergone a major rewriting, migrating to FORTRAN95, and its adjoint code needs to be rebuilt. For earlier versions, the adjoint of OPA was written by hand at a high development cost. We use the Automatic Differentiation tool TAPENADE to build mechanicaly the tangent and adjoint codes of OPA. We validate the differentiated codes by comparison with divided differences, and also with an identical twin experiment. We apply state-of-the-art methods to improve the performance of the adjoint code. In particular we implement the Griewank and Walther's binomial checkpointing algorithm which gives us an optimal trade-off between time and memory consumption. We apply a specific strategy to differentiate the iterative linear solver that comes from the implicit time stepping scheme

Tber, Moulay Hicham; Vidard, Arthur; Dauvergne, Benjamin

2007-01-01

64

Present state of the SOURCES computer code  

SciTech Connect

In various stages of development for over two decades, the SOURCES computer code continues to calculate neutron production rates and spectra from four types of problems: homogeneous media, two-region interfaces, three-region interfaces and that of a monoenergetic alpha particle beam incident on a slab of target material. Graduate work at the University of Missouri - Rolla, in addition to user feedback from a tutorial course, provided the impetus for a variety of code improvements. Recently upgraded to version 4B, initial modifications to SOURCES focused on updates to the 'tape5' decay data library. Shortly thereafter, efforts focused on development of a graphical user interface for the code. This paper documents the Los Alamos SOURCES Tape1 Creator and Library Link (LASTCALL) and describes additional library modifications in more detail. Minor improvements and planned enhancements are discussed.

Shores, E. F. (Erik F.)

2002-01-01

65

Building America Guidance for Identifying and Overcoming Code, Standard, and Rating Method Barriers  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building America program implemented a new Codes and Standards Innovation (CSI) Team in 2013. The Team’s mission is to assist Building America (BA) research teams and partners in identifying and resolving conflicts between Building America innovations and the various codes and standards that govern the construction of residences. A CSI Roadmap was completed in September, 2013. This guidance document was prepared using the information in the CSI Roadmap to provide BA research teams and partners with specific information and approaches to identifying and overcoming potential barriers to Building America (BA) innovations arising in and/or stemming from codes, standards, and rating methods. For more information on the BA CSI team, please email: CSITeam@pnnl.gov

Cole, Pamala C.; Halverson, Mark A.

2013-09-01

66

Proposed Energy Provisions of the California Green Building Standards Code  

E-print Network

Building Energy Design Rating Space Cooling Space Heating Water Heating Refrigerator Dishwasher Range · Removal of Maximum Hot Water Pipe Volume from Prerequisites for Newly Constructed Residential · Removal · Service Water Heating in Large Restaurants ­ 15% Solar Fraction or 95% water heater efficiency Tier I · 95

67

Natural ventilation possibilities for buildings in the United States  

E-print Network

In the United States, many of the commercial buildings built in the last few decades are completely mechanically air conditioned, without the capability to use natural ventilation. This habit has occurred in building designs ...

Dean, Brian N. (Brian Nathan), 1974-

2001-01-01

68

3. Historic American Buildings Survey California State Library Collection Sacramento ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic American Buildings Survey California State Library Collection Sacramento Co. History Thompson & West Sketch of 1880 Rephoto 1960 NORTHEAST CORNER - B. F. Hastings Bank Building, 128-132 J Street, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

69

Teleportation and Superdense coding with Genuine quadripartite entangled states  

E-print Network

We investigate the usefulness of different classes of genuine quadripartite entangled states as quantum resources for teleportation and superdense coding. We examine the possibility of teleporting unknown one, two and three qubit states. We show that one can use the teleportation protocol to send any general one and two qubit states. A restricted class of three qubit states can also be faithfully teleported. We also explore superdense coding protocol in single-receiver and multi-receiver scenarios. We show that there exist genuine quadripartite entangled states that can be used to transmit four cbits by sending two qubits. We also discuss some interesting features of multi-receiver scenario under LOCC paradigm.

B. Pradhan; Pankaj Agrawal; A. K. Pati

2007-05-14

70

Quantum-error-correcting codes using qudit graph states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Graph states are generalized from qubits to collections of n qudits of arbitrary dimension D , and simple graphical methods are used to construct both additive and nonadditive, as well as degenerate and nondegenerate, quantum-error-correcting codes. Codes of distance 2 saturating the quantum Singleton bound for arbitrarily large n and D are constructed using simple graphs, except when n is odd and D is even. Computer searches have produced a number of codes with distances 3 and 4, some previously known and some new. The concept of a stabilizer is extended to general D , and shown to provide a dual representation of an additive graph code.

Looi, Shiang Yong; Yu, Li; Gheorghiu, Vlad; Griffiths, Robert B.

2008-10-01

71

Office of the State Controller Code of Professional Ethics  

E-print Network

Office of the State Controller Code of Professional Ethics All government accounting professionals persons engaged in public accounting. I. Personal Standards Government accounting professionals shall and recommended standards. II. Responsibility as Public Officials Government accounting professionals shall

Thaxton, Christopher S.

72

Design of Moore finite state machine with extended coding space  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The proposed method is targeted on reduction of hardware amount in logic circuit of Moore finite-state machine implemented with programmable logic arrays (PLA). The method is based on using more than minimal amount of variables in codes of FSM internal states. The method includes two stages of state encoding. The second stage is connected with recoding of states inside each class of pseudoequivalent states.

Titarenko, Larysa; Hebda, Olena; Barkalov, Alexander

2014-10-01

73

Alternative Formats to Achieve More Efficient Energy Codes for Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect

This paper identifies and examines several formats or structures that could be used to create the next generation of more efficient energy codes and standards for commercial buildings. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) to provide technical support to the development of ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1. While the majority of PNNL’s ASHRAE Standard 90.1 support focuses on developing and evaluating new requirements, a portion of its work involves consideration of the format of energy standards. In its current working plan, the ASHRAE 90.1 committee has approved an energy goal of 50% improvement in Standard 90.1-2013 relative to Standard 90.1-2004, and will likely be considering higher improvement targets for future versions of the standard. To cost-effectively achieve the 50% goal in manner that can gain stakeholder consensus, formats other than prescriptive must be considered. Alternative formats that include reducing the reliance on prescriptive requirements may make it easier to achieve these aggressive efficiency levels in new codes and standards. The focus on energy code and standard formats is meant to explore approaches to presenting the criteria that will foster compliance, enhance verification, and stimulate innovation while saving energy in buildings. New formats may also make it easier for building designers and owners to design and build the levels of efficiency called for in the new codes and standards. This paper examines a number of potential formats and structures, including prescriptive, performance-based (with sub-formats of performance equivalency and performance targets), capacity constraint-based, and outcome-based. The paper also discusses the pros and cons of each format from the viewpoint of code users and of code enforcers.

Conover, David R.; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Halverson, Mark A.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Makela, Eric J.

2013-01-26

74

5. EMPIRE STATE MINE. COLLAPSED SOUTHERN MOST BUILDING, CAMERA POINTED ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. EMPIRE STATE MINE. COLLAPSED SOUTHERN MOST BUILDING, CAMERA POINTED WEST. VISIBLE THROUGH WINDOW OPENING IS 'GRIZZLEY' IN ID-31-D-6 AND ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF BUILDING IS THE BED SPRINGS IN ID-31-D-9. - Florida Mountain Mining Sites, Empire State Mine, West side of Florida Mountain, Silver City, Owyhee County, ID

75

2. EMPIRE STATE MINE. VIEW OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS AT MINE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. EMPIRE STATE MINE. VIEW OF COLLAPSED BUILDINGS AT MINE WITH TAILINGS ON RIGHT. CAMERA POINTED SOUTHWEST. COLLAPSED ADIT APPROXIMATELY 25 YARDS UPHILL TO THE LEFT OF FAR BUILDING. TIP TOP AND ONTARIO ARE LOCATED OUT OF THE PICTURE TO THE RIGHT. - Florida Mountain Mining Sites, Empire State Mine, West side of Florida Mountain, Silver City, Owyhee County, ID

76

Taxation and State Building: Poor Countries in a Globalised World  

Microsoft Academic Search

How far has the recent global wave of tax reform contributed to state building in poorer countries? Our conclusion mirrors other general globalisation arguments: there are good things to report, but worrying problems in the poorest and most dependent countries. The reform agenda is least appropriate to those countries most in need of the state-building to which the taxation process

Odd-Helge Fjeldstad; Mick Moore

2007-01-01

77

Deterministic dense coding and faithful teleportation with multipartite graph states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose schemes to perform the deterministic dense coding and faithful teleportation with multipartite graph states. We also find the sufficient and necessary condition of a viable graph state for the proposed schemes. That is, for the associated graph, the reduced adjacency matrix of the Tanner-type subgraph between senders and receivers should be invertible.

Huang, Ching-Yu; Yu, I.-Ching; Lin, Feng-Li; Hsu, Li-Yi

2009-05-01

78

Review and Comparison of Simulation Codes Modeling Electron-Cloud Build Up and Instabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several computer codes written at various laboratories are employed for modeling the generation and the consequences of an electron cloud. We review several of these programs, which simulate either the build up of an electron cloud or the instabilities it produces, and we compare simulation results for identical, or similar, input parameters.

Elena Benedetto; F. Ruggiero; Daniel Schulte; Frank Zimmermann; M. Blaskiewicz; L. Wang; G. Bellodi; Giovanni Rumolo; K. Ohmi; S.-S. Win; M. Furman; Y. Cai; M. Pivi; V. Decyk; W. Mori; A. F. Ghalam; T C Katsouleas

2004-01-01

79

Power Optimization of Wireless Media Systems with Space-Time Code Building  

E-print Network

formulate an optimization problem aimed at minimizing total power consumption of wireless media systems between the power consumption and the quality of service in wireless media systems. Fig. 1 includes1 Power Optimization of Wireless Media Systems with Space-Time Code Building Blocks Homayoun

Yousefi'zadeh, Homayoun

80

Residential building codes, affordability, and health protection: a risk-tradeoff approach.  

PubMed

Residential building codes intended to promote health and safety may produce unintended countervailing risks by adding to the cost of construction. Higher construction costs increase the price of new homes and may increase health and safety risks through "income" and "stock" effects. The income effect arises because households that purchase a new home have less income remaining for spending on other goods that contribute to health and safety. The stock effect arises because suppression of new-home construction leads to slower replacement of less safe housing units. These countervailing risks are not presently considered in code debates. We demonstrate the feasibility of estimating the approximate magnitude of countervailing risks by combining the income effect with three relatively well understood and significant home-health risks. We estimate that a code change that increases the nationwide cost of constructing and maintaining homes by $150 (0.1% of the average cost to build a single-family home) would induce offsetting risks yielding between 2 and 60 premature fatalities or, including morbidity effects, between 20 and 800 lost quality-adjusted life years (both discounted at 3%) each year the code provision remains in effect. To provide a net health benefit, the code change would need to reduce risk by at least this amount. Future research should refine these estimates, incorporate quantitative uncertainty analysis, and apply a full risk-tradeoff approach to real-world case studies of proposed code changes. PMID:10765445

Hammitt, J K; Belsky, E S; Levy, J I; Graham, J D

1999-12-01

81

Building Standards for the Handicapped, 1965. Supplement No. 7 to the National Building Code of Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guidelines for incorporating provisions for the physically handicapped into the design and construction of public facilities are reviewed. Performance criteria and recommendations are given for facility planning, site development, and building equipment. Hazards and safety precautions are discussed, with specifications for architectural elements…

National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).

82

NASA Lewis Steady-State Heat Pipe Code Architecture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) has developed the LERCHP code. The PC-based LERCHP code can be used to predict the steady-state performance of heat pipes, including the determination of operating temperature and operating limits which might be encountered under specified conditions. The code contains a vapor flow algorithm which incorporates vapor compressibility and axially varying heat input. For the liquid flow in the wick, Darcy s formula is employed. Thermal boundary conditions and geometric structures can be defined through an interactive input interface. A variety of fluid and material options as well as user defined options can be chosen for the working fluid, wick, and pipe materials. This report documents the current effort at GRC to update the LERCHP code for operating in a Microsoft Windows (Microsoft Corporation) environment. A detailed analysis of the model is presented. The programming architecture for the numerical calculations is explained and flowcharts of the key subroutines are given

Mi, Ye; Tower, Leonard K.

2013-01-01

83

Local equivalence, surface-code states, and matroids  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, Ji disproved the local-unitary-local Clifford (LU-LC) conjecture and showed that the local unitary (LU) and local Clifford (LC) equivalence classes of the stabilizer states are not always the same. Despite the fact that this settles the LU-LC conjecture, a sufficient condition for stabilizer states that violate the LU-LC conjecture is not known. In this paper, we investigate further the properties of stabilizer states with respect to local equivalence. Our first result shows that there exist infinitely many stabilizer states that violate the LU-LC conjecture. In particular, we show that for all numbers of qubits n?28, there exist distance-two stabilizer states which are counterexamples to the LU-LC conjecture. We prove that, for all odd n?195, there exist stabilizer states with distance greater than two that are LU equivalent but not LC equivalent. Two important classes of stabilizer states that are of great interest in quantum computation are the cluster states and stabilizer states of the surface codes. We show that, under some minimal restrictions, both these classes of states preclude any counterexamples. In this context, we also show that the associated surface codes do not have any encoded non-Clifford transversal gates. We characterize the Calderbank-Shor-Steane (CSS) surface-code states in terms of a class of minor closed binary matroids. In addition to making a connection to an important open problem in binary matroid theory, this characterization does in some cases provide an efficient test for CSS states that are not counterexamples.

Sarvepalli, Pradeep; Raussendorf, Robert

2010-08-01

84

[ HIGH PERFORMANCE BUILDING STANDARD] STATE OF MONTANA HIGH PERFORMANCE BUILDING STANDARDS  

E-print Network

process. B. Integrate cost-effectiveness analysis early in the project. C. Incorporate Contracting Agency[ HIGH PERFORMANCE BUILDING STANDARD] PART 2 HPBS STATE OF MONTANA HIGH PERFORMANCE BUILDING STANDARDS MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL PROJECTS UNDER 17-7-201, MCA #12;A. Incorporate an integrated design

Dyer, Bill

85

The Remake of a State Post-conflict Challenges and State Building in Nepal  

E-print Network

#12;The Remake of a State Post-conflict Challenges and State Building in Nepal Edited by Bishnu Raj, Ghimire S, editors. 2010. The Remake of a State: Post-conflict Challenges and State Building in Nepal. Copyright © 2010 by the SAs RCO, NCCR North-South, Kathmandu, Nepal. All rights reserved. ISBN: 978

Richner, Heinz

86

Subaward Number: ZipCode + 4:State:City  

E-print Network

No If no to both questions, please complete 3B page 2 (if ARRA funding use Attachment 4A). Parent DUNS No Contact Telephone: Fax: Name: Email: City: ZipCode:State: Authorized Official Fax: Attachment 3B of this subaward is not required. If no , please complete 3B page 2 (if ARRA funding use Attachment 4A). #12;

Firestone, Jeremy

87

Subaward Number: ZipCode + 4:State:City  

E-print Network

No If no to both questions, please complete 3B page 2 (if ARRA funding use Attachment 4A). Parent DUNS No Contact Telephone: Fax: Name: Email: City: ZipCode:State: Authorized Official Fax: Attachment 3B of this subaward is not required. If no , please complete 3B page 2 (if ARRA funding use Attachment 4A). 901 448

Cui, Yan

88

Subaward Number: ZipCode + 4:State:City  

E-print Network

No If no to both questions, please complete 3B page 2 (if ARRA funding use Attachment 4A). Parent DUNS No Contact Telephone: Fax: Name: Email: City: ZipCode:State: Authorized Official Fax: Attachment 3B ARRA funding use Attachment 4A). #12;

Guenther, Frank

89

Controlled Dense Coding with Non-Symmetric Quantum State  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose a controlled dense coding scheme using a d × 2 × 2 dimensional entangled state. It is shown that the supervisor can control the average amount of information transmitted from the sender to the receiver by adjusting the local measurement angle.

Liu, Xiao-Wei

2014-09-01

90

National Fire Codes. A Compilation of NFPA Codes, Standards, Recommended Practices, and Manuals. Volume 4: Building Construction and Facilities. 1969-70.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A selected group of NFPA codes and standards pertaining to building construction and facilities is presented. The recommendations are phrased in terms of performance or objectives, the intent being to permit the utilization of any methods, devices or materials which will produce the desired results. The major topics included are--(1) building

National Fire Protection Association, Boston, MA.

91

Feedbacks from Focus Group Meeting on Training and Implementation of Building Energy Codes in China  

SciTech Connect

A focus group meeting is a very effective quality research approach to collect information on a specific project. Through focus group meetings at both Changchun and Ningbo in August 2010, the project team gained a more complete understandings of key stakeholders (such as their education level), their training needs and expectations, key factors influencing their decision making, and incurred implementation difficulties. In addition, the meeting helped the project team (especially PNNL) improve its understanding of the implementation status of building energy codes in other regions (such as small cities and counties neighboring to urban areas, small townships and rural areas distant from urban areas). The collected feedbacks will serve as important input not only for better design of training materials and the development of an on-line training website, but also for development of follow-up projects to promote building energy codes in China.

Shui, Bin; Lin , Haiyan; Song, Bo; Halverson, Mark A.; Evans, Meredydd; Zhu, Xiaojiao

2011-01-01

92

Building Gaussian cluster states by linear optics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The linear optical creation of Gaussian cluster states, a potential resource for universal quantum computation, is investigated. First, using Bloch-Messiah reduction, we show how to achieve canonical cluster-state generation, otherwise based on pairwise acting quantum nondemolition gates, by off-line squeezers and beam splitters. Moreover, we find that, in terms of squeezing resources, the canonical states are rather wasteful. Hence we propose a systematic way to create a whole family of cluster-type states, including potentially cheaper states. Any given cluster (or graph) state can be realized this way. As an example, we consider a protocol in which a single-mode quantum state propagates through a multiple-rail cluster. Such a redundant encoding may reduce errors due to finite squeezing.

van Loock, Peter; Weedbrook, Christian; Gu, Mile

2007-09-01

93

Code for the College of Health and Human Sciences Colorado State University  

E-print Network

Code for the College of Health and Human Sciences Colorado State University Approved by HHS Faculty and administrative processes of the College of Health and Human Sciences (HHS). This Code for HHS operation is used under this Code. This Code shall be consistent with the provisions of the Colorado State University Code

94

Code for the College of Applied Human Sciences Colorado State University  

E-print Network

Code for the College of Applied Human Sciences Colorado State University Approved by AHS Faculty and administrative processes of the College of Applied Human Sciences (AHS). This Code for AHS operation is used under this Code. This Code shall be consistent with the provisions of the Colorado State University Code

Stephens, Graeme L.

95

Building State Failure in East Timor  

Microsoft Academic Search

East Timor is the newest state of the twenty-first century. Yet its human development indicators compare with the most severely collapsed states in the world. Two and a half years of international administration by the United Nations seems to have had little effect on a social and political reality that has evolved by itself. In effect, the UN has given

Jarat Chopra

2002-01-01

96

Building State Assessment from the Classroom Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Nebraska's School-Based, Teacher-Led Assessment and Reporting System (STARS), whereby local districts are required to develop plans to assess students against state standards. Districts are held accountable for the quality of their formative assessment programs following guidelines provided by the state. Plans must include a…

Christensen, Douglas D.

2001-01-01

97

NASA Lewis steady-state heat pipe code users manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Lewis heat pipe code was developed to predict the performance of heat pipes in the steady state. The code can be used as a design tool on a personal computer or with a suitable calling routine, as a subroutine for a mainframe radiator code. A variety of wick structures, including a user input option, can be used. Heat pipes with multiple evaporators, condensers, and adiabatic sections in series and with wick structures that differ among sections can be modeled. Several working fluids can be chosen, including potassium, sodium, and lithium, for which monomer-dimer equilibrium is considered. The code incorporates a vapor flow algorithm that treats compressibility and axially varying heat input. This code facilitates the determination of heat pipe operating temperatures and heat pipe limits that may be encountered at the specified heat input and environment temperature. Data are input to the computer through a user-interactive input subroutine. Output, such as liquid and vapor pressures and temperatures, is printed at equally spaced axial positions along the pipe as determined by the user.

Tower, Leonard K.; Baker, Karl W.; Marks, Timothy S.

1992-01-01

98

77 FR 29322 - Updating State Residential Building Energy Efficiency Codes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...energy losses from ``stranded'' hot water and conduction of heat out of the pipes. The 2012 IECC specifies that...with electric heating systems that do not use a heat pump, requiring that a heat pump be assumed in the standard reference...

2012-05-17

99

76 FR 64924 - Updating State Residential Building Energy Efficiency Codes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...energy losses from ``stranded'' hot water and conduction of heat out of the pipes. The 2012 IECC specifies...with electric heating systems that do not use a heat pump, requiring that a heat pump be assumed in the [[Page 64928

2011-10-19

100

76 FR 42688 - Updating State Residential Building Energy Efficiency Codes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...with the EnergyGuage (DOE-2) \\5\\ simulation tool indicates that for a 500 ft\\2...5\\ EnergyGuage (DOE-2) simulation tool is available at http://doe2...and the 2003 IECC. The DOE-2 energy simulation software was used to calculate...

2011-07-19

101

75 FR 54131 - Updating State Residential Building Energy Efficiency Codes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...pass outside the conditioned space (for example, if ducts are...longer lives than HVAC and/or water heating equipment, energy...single-family house with a crawl space foundation and a conditioned...definitions of ``conditioned space'' are different...

2010-09-03

102

Building Environmental Sustainability Bowling Green State University  

E-print Network

of environmental literacy a goal of Bowling Green State University undergraduate education. Action step needed education requirements to include environmental literacy. 3. Establish a centralized university structure Dan Parratt, Environmental Health and Safety Wil Roudebush, Technology Systems Gary Silverman

Moore, Paul A.

103

Impact of 2003 Building Technology, State and Community Programs on United States Employment and Earned Income  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of measuring the impact of government programs for improving the energy efficiency of the nation's building stock, this report uses the ImBuild II model to assess the future economic impacts of Department of Energy Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) FY 2003 portfolio of programs, specifically the potential impact on national employment and income. The

Michael J. Scott; Donna J. Hostick; Douglas B. Elliott; R. W. Schultz

2002-01-01

104

Building a State Industrial Energy Efficiency Network  

E-print Network

Industries of the Future brings the tools and resources of the Industrial Technology Program of the Department of Energy to the state level. In addition, with the guidance of an industry-led advisory board, the program has developed conferences and forums... Industries of the Future brings the tools and resources of the Industrial Technology Program of the Department of Energy to the state level. In addition, with the guidance of an industry-led advisory board, the program has developed conferences and forums...

Ferland, K.

2005-01-01

105

A Plastic Temporal Brain Code for Conscious State Generation  

PubMed Central

Consciousness is known to be limited in processing capacity and often described in terms of a unique processing stream across a single dimension: time. In this paper, we discuss a purely temporal pattern code, functionally decoupled from spatial signals, for conscious state generation in the brain. Arguments in favour of such a code include Dehaene et al.'s long-distance reverberation postulate, Ramachandran's remapping hypothesis, evidence for a temporal coherence index and coincidence detectors, and Grossberg's Adaptive Resonance Theory. A time-bin resonance model is developed, where temporal signatures of conscious states are generated on the basis of signal reverberation across large distances in highly plastic neural circuits. The temporal signatures are delivered by neural activity patterns which, beyond a certain statistical threshold, activate, maintain, and terminate a conscious brain state like a bar code would activate, maintain, or inactivate the electronic locks of a safe. Such temporal resonance would reflect a higher level of neural processing, independent from sensorial or perceptual brain mechanisms. PMID:19644552

Dresp-Langley, Birgitta; Durup, Jean

2009-01-01

106

Cost-Effective Energy Efficiency Measures for 15% Above 2009 IECC Code-Compliant House for Residential Buildings in TX  

E-print Network

on All Sides) (L:i ;H:a ) $800 - $1,000 Note: [2009 IECC Code-Compliant House Description] 1. Total souce energy savings from heating, cooling, lighting, equipment and DHW for emissions reductions determination. * Building type: Residential... on All Sides) (L:i ;H:a ) $800 - $1,000 Note: [2009 IECC Code-Compliant House Description] 1. Total souce energy savings from heating, cooling, lighting, equipment and DHW for emissions reductions determination. * Building type: Residential...

Kim, H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.; Lewis, C.; Yazdani, B.

2011-01-01

107

US Department of Energy Office of Codes and Standards resource book  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Office of Codes and Standards has developed this Resource Book to provide a discussion of DOE involvement in building codes and standards; a current and accurate set of descriptions of residential, commercial, and Federal building codes and standards; information on State contacts, State code status, State building construction unit volume, and State needs; and a list of stockholders in the building energy codes and standards arena.

NONE

1996-01-01

108

School Health Coalition Building--One State's Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference presentation chronicles the development of a coalition of over 20 Alabama health and education agencies, institutions, and organizations, representing a united effort to strengthen comprehensive school health in the state. The coalition was formed in response to removal of the mandated high school health requirement from the Code

Brindley, Syble

109

3 CFR - Delegation of Reporting Functions Specified in Section 491 of Title 10, United State Code  

...in Section 491 of Title 10, United State Code Presidential Documents Other Presidential...in Section 491 of Title 10, United State Code Memorandum for the Secretary of Defense...section 301 of title 3 of the United States Code, I hereby delegate to you the...

2014-01-01

110

Sustainable tourism and post-conflict state building  

E-print Network

Chapter 5 Sustainable tourism and post- conflict state building Pranil Kumar Upadhayaya1 Sagar Raj Sharma2 1. Sustainable development and sustainable tourism Sustainable development is a pattern that communities, under the framework of sustainable development adopt a three-pronged approach that considers

Richner, Heinz

111

Chiefs, state-building, and development in independent South Sudan  

E-print Network

Chiefs, state-building, and development in independent South Sudan Independent South Sudan In 2005 2011, South Sudan finally became independent. The process of establishing executive, legislative, and judicial institutions and administrative structures is now under way in South Sudan. But these new

Richner, Heinz

112

Stability Operations and State-Building: Continuities and Contingencies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this academic colloquium was to identify principles and supporting policies of state-building that will enhance America's ability 'to win the peace' while stabilizing chaotic regions. Basic to the concept of the colloquium was the idea that...

D. A. Browder, G. Kaufmann

2008-01-01

113

High Performance “Reach” Codes  

E-print Network

Jim Edelson New Buildings Institute A Growing Role for Codes and Stretch Codes in Utility Programs Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency November 9, 2011 ESL-KT-11-11-39 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 New Buildings Institute ESL..., Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 ?31? Flavors of Codes ? Building Codes Construction Codes Energy Codes Stretch or Reach Energy Codes Above-code programs Green or Sustainability Codes Model Codes ?Existing Building? Codes Outcome-Based Codes ESL-KT-11...

Edelson, J.

2011-01-01

114

22 CFR 9b.4 - Department of State building press pass for technical crews.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... § 9b.4 Department of State building press pass for technical crews. Department of State press building passes are issued to members of television and radio...assigned to the Department of State. Members of technical crews...

2010-04-01

115

Going Beyond a Resnet Certification for Code-Compliant Simulations: A Sensitivity Analysis of Detailed Results of Three RESNET-Certified, Code-Compliant Residential Simulation Programs  

E-print Network

In many states building code officials rely on certified, code-compliant simulations to determine whether or not a residence satisfies the energy code requirements using a performance-path analysis. In the United States, certification of residential...

Haberl, J.; Liu, Z.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J. C.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Montgomery, C.; Kim, H.

2010-01-01

116

28 CFR 36.607 - Guidance concerning model codes.  

...2014-07-01 false Guidance concerning model codes. 36.607 Section 36.607 Judicial Administration...Certification of State Laws or Local Building Codes § 36.607 Guidance concerning model codes. Upon application by an authorized...

2014-07-01

117

Atomic cluster state build-up with macroscopic heralding  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a measurement-based state preparation scheme for the efficient build-up of cluster states in atom-cavity systems. As in a recent proposal for the generation of maximally entangled atom pairs [Metz , Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 040503 (2006)], we use an electron shelving technique to avoid the necessity for the detection of single photons. Instead, the successful fusion of smaller into larger clusters is heralded by an easy-to-detect macroscopic fluorescence signal. High fidelities are achieved even in the vicinity of the bad cavity limit and are essentially independent of the concrete size of the system parameters.

Metz, Jeremy; Schön, Christian; Beige, Almut

2007-11-01

118

A Comparison of Building Energy Code Stringency: 2009 IECC Versus 2012 IECC for Commercial Construction in Texas  

E-print Network

types and area are provided in the 2009 code. More stringent N.A Requirements are added in the 2012 code to implement multilevel lighting controls for lighting in daylit zones. More stringent N.A The 2012 code introduces a haze factor for skylights... fenestration SHGC C402.3.2.2 Haze factor A C402.3.3.3 Increased skylight SHGC C402.3.3.4 Increased skylight U-factor C402.3.3.5 Dynamic glazing C402.3.1 Maximum area C402.3.2 Minimum skylight fenestration area N.AMore stringent C402 Building Envelope...

Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J.; Haberl, J.; Yazdani, B.; Ellis, S.

2011-01-01

119

Impact of 2003 Building Technology, State and Community Programs on United States Employment and Earned Income  

SciTech Connect

As part of measuring the impact of government programs for improving the energy efficiency of the nation's building stock, this report uses the ImBuild II model to assess the future economic impacts of Department of Energy Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) FY 2003 portfolio of programs, specifically the potential impact on national employment and income. The energy savings expected to be created by market penetration of the BTS programs have the potential of creating nearly 270,000 jobs and about $3.41 billion in wage income(1999$) by the year 2030.

Scott, Michael J.; Hostick, Donna J.; Elliott, Douglas B.

2002-07-08

120

New Medical Education Building Features State-of-the-Art Labs, Library, Classroom Technology  

E-print Network

New Medical Education Building Features State-of-the-Art Labs, Library, Classroom Technology The UCF College of Medicines new state-of-the-art medical education building at Lake Nona features and patient care. As part of that effort, the four-story medical education building includes state-of-the-art

Wu, Shin-Tson

121

New residential construction compliance: Evaluation of the Washington State Energy Code program  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the Pacific Northwest Laboratory`s (PNL`s) evaluation of the Washington State Energy Code Program (WSECP). In 1990, the Washington State Legislature passed a residential energy efficiency code to be effective July 1, 1992. Bonneville supported passage and implementation of the code to ensure that new residences in the State of Washington were as energy efficient as economically feasible. The Washington State Energy Office (WSEO) is conducting the WSECP for Bonneville to support code implementation. This support takes several forms, including providing training to code enforcement officials, technical support both in the field and through telephone ``hot lines,`` and computerized tools to review house plans for code compliance. WSEO began implementing the WSECP in 1992, prior to the effective date of the new code. This first phase of the WSECP was the subject of an earlier process evaluation conducted by PNL. From that evaluation PNL found that most new homes being built immediately after the code went into effect were ``grand-fathered`` under the old code. The training program for the new code was in place and sessions were being attended by the jurisdictions but it was too early to determine if the training was effective in improving code compliance and easing the transition to the new energy code. That is the subject of this evaluation.

Warwick, W.M.; Lee, A.D.; Sandahl, L.J.; Durfee, D.L.; Richman, E.E.

1993-07-01

122

Non-Residential Energy Code National and Regional Codes  

E-print Network

Non-Residential Energy Code Comparison National and Regional Codes David Baylon Mike Kennedy #12 Energy Codes in the PNW ­ Oregon State Energy Code (OSEC) ­ Washington Non-Residential Energy Code (NREC;LPDs for Key Occupancies 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2 Retail Schools buildings,school

123

Quantum steganography with a large payload based on dense coding and entanglement swapping of Greenberger—Horne—Zeilinger states  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A quantum steganography protocol with a large payload is proposed based on the dense coding and the entanglement swapping of the Greenberger—Horne—Zeilinger (GHZ) states. Its super quantum channel is formed by building up a hidden channel within the original quantum secure direct communication (QSDC) scheme. Based on the original QSDC, secret messages are transmitted by integrating the dense coding and the entanglement swapping of the GHZ states. The capacity of the super quantum channel achieves six bits per round covert communication, much higher than the previous quantum steganography protocols. Its imperceptibility is good, since the information and the secret messages can be regarded to be random or pseudo-random. Moreover, its security is proved to be reliable.

Ye, Tian-Yu; Jiang, Li-Zhen

2013-05-01

124

Comparative Study on Code-based Linear Evaluation of an Existing RC Building Damaged during 1998 Adana-Ceyhan Earthquake  

SciTech Connect

Determination of seismic performance of existing buildings has become one of the key concepts in structural analysis topics after recent earthquakes (i.e. Izmit and Duzce Earthquakes in 1999, Kobe Earthquake in 1995 and Northridge Earthquake in 1994). Considering the need for precise assessment tools to determine seismic performance level, most of earthquake hazardous countries try to include performance based assessment in their seismic codes. Recently, Turkish Earthquake Code 2007 (TEC'07), which was put into effect in March 2007, also introduced linear and non-linear assessment procedures to be applied prior to building retrofitting. In this paper, a comparative study is performed on the code-based seismic assessment of RC buildings with linear static methods of analysis, selecting an existing RC building. The basic principles dealing the procedure of seismic performance evaluations for existing RC buildings according to Eurocode 8 and TEC'07 will be outlined and compared. Then the procedure is applied to a real case study building is selected which is exposed to 1998 Adana-Ceyhan Earthquake in Turkey, the seismic action of Ms = 6.3 with a maximum ground acceleration of 0.28 g It is a six-storey RC residential building with a total of 14.65 m height, composed of orthogonal frames, symmetrical in y direction and it does not have any significant structural irregularities. The rectangular shaped planar dimensions are 16.40 mx7.80 m = 127.90 m{sup 2} with five spans in x and two spans in y directions. It was reported that the building had been moderately damaged during the 1998 earthquake and retrofitting process was suggested by the authorities with adding shear-walls to the system. The computations show that the performing methods of analysis with linear approaches using either Eurocode 8 or TEC'07 independently produce similar performance levels of collapse for the critical storey of the structure. The computed base shear value according to Eurocode is much higher than the requirements of the Turkish Earthquake Code while the selected ground conditions represent the same characteristics. The main reason is that the ordinate of the horizontal elastic response spectrum for Eurocode 8 is increased by the soil factor. In TEC'07 force-based linear assessment, the seismic demands at cross-sections are to be checked with residual moment capacities; however, the chord rotations of primary ductile elements must be checked for Eurocode safety verifications. On the other hand, the demand curvatures from linear methods of analysis of Eurocode 8 together with TEC'07 are almost similar.

Toprak, A. Emre; Guelay, F. Guelten [Istanbul Technical University, Department of Civil Eng., Maslak, Istanbul, 34469 (Turkey); Ruge, Peter [Technische Universitaet Dresden, Institut fuer Statik und Dynamik der Tragwerke, Dresden, 01062 (Germany)

2008-07-08

125

Methodology for Residential Building Energy Simulations Implemented in the International Code Compliance Calculator (IC3)  

E-print Network

the methodology for calculating the energy usage from a proposed residential house and the corresponding 2001 International Energy Conservation Code baseline house. This methodology is applied in the International Code Compliance Calculator, which is a publicly...

Liu, Z.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Malhotra, M.; Haberl, J.; Gilman, D.; Montgomery, C.; McKelvey, K.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.

126

ASHRAE/IESNA 90.1-1989R, energy code for buildings except low-rise residential buildings, Revision update  

SciTech Connect

The first public review draft of the next cyclical revision to ASHRAE/IESNA 90.1 - 1989, titled {open_quotes}Energy Efficient Design of New Buildings Except New Low-Rise Residential Buildings,{close_quotes} is currently available for public review. This paper provides commentary by the author on the background of the revision and a general comparison of this first public review draft to the 1989 version of the Standard. Those wishing further information on the draft should contact the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers.

Emerson, K. [Public Service Company of Colorado, Denver, CO (United States)

1996-12-31

127

Impact of building technology, state and community programs on United States employment and wage income  

SciTech Connect

As part of measuring the impact of government programs on improving the energy efficiency of the nation`s building stock, the Department of Energy Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) is interested in assessing the economic impacts of its portfolio of programs, specifically the potential impact on national employment and income. This assessment is being done for the first time in FY99 as a supplement to the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA--formerly, Quality Metrics) estimates of primary energy savings and environmental and direct financial benefits of the BTS programs. The programmatic needs of BTS suggest that a simple, flexible, user-friendly method is needed to derive national employment and income impacts of individual BTS programs. Therefore, BTS funded Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to develop a special-purpose version of the Impact Analysis for Planning (IMPLAN) national input-output model (Minnesota IMPLAN Group, Inc. 1997) specifically to estimate the employment and income effects of building energy technologies. The special-purpose version of the IMPLAN model used in this study is called ImBuild. Extensive documentation and a user`s guide are provided in Scott et al. (1998). Compared with simple economic multiplier approaches, such as the published multipliers from the Department of Commerce Regional Input-Output Modeling System (RIMS 2), ImBuild allows for more complete and automated analysis of the economic impacts of energy efficiency investments in buildings. ImBuild is also easier to use than existing macroeconomic simulation models. In this report, the authors use the ImBuild model to calculate the impact of all 32 BTS programs reported in the BTS GPRA Metrics Estimates, FY99 Budget Request, December 19, 1997.

Scott, M.J.; Hostick, D.J.; Elliott, D.B.; Schultz, R.W.

1998-04-01

128

Literature review of United States utilities computer codes for calculating actinide isotope content in irradiated fuel  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the accuracy and precision of methods used by United States electric utilities to determine the actinide isotopic and element content of irradiated fuel. After an extensive literature search, three key code suites were selected for review. Two suites of computer codes, CASMO and ARMP, are used for reactor physics calculations; the ORIGEN code is used for spent fuel calculations. They are also the most widely used codes in the nuclear industry throughout the world. Although none of these codes calculate actinide isotopics as their primary variables intended for safeguards applications, accurate calculation of actinide isotopic content is necessary to fulfill their function.

Horak, W.C.; Lu, Ming-Shih

1991-12-01

129

Heat recovery and thermal storage : a study of the Massachusetts State Transportation Building  

E-print Network

A study of the energy system at the Massachusetts State Transportation Building was conducted. This innovative energy system utilizes internal-source heat pumps and a water thermal storage system to provide building heating ...

Bjorklund, Abbe Ellen

1986-01-01

130

Seismic fragility assessment of RC frame structure designed according to modern Chinese code for seismic design of buildings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following several damaging earthquakes in China, research has been devoted to find the causes of the collapse of reinforced concrete (RC) building sand studying the vulnerability of existing buildings. The Chinese Code for Seismic Design of Buildings (CCSDB) has evolved over time, however, there is still reported earthquake induced damage of newly designed RC buildings. Thus, to investigate modern Chinese seismic design code, three low-, mid- and high-rise RC frames were designed according to the 2010 CCSDB and the corresponding vulnerability curves were derived by computing a probabilistic seismic demand model (PSDM).The PSDM was computed by carrying out nonlinear time history analysis using thirty ground motions obtained from the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center. Finally, the PSDM was used to generate fragility curves for immediate occupancy, significant damage, and collapse prevention damage levels. Results of the vulnerability assessment indicate that the seismic demands on the three different frames designed according to the 2010 CCSDB meet the seismic requirements and are almost in the same safety level.

Wu, D.; Tesfamariam, S.; Stiemer, S. F.; Qin, D.

2012-09-01

131

Error-Correcting Codes for Semiconductor Memory Applications: A State-of-the-Art Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a state-of-the-art review of error-correcting codes for computer semiconductor memory applications. The construction of four classes of error-correcting codes appropriate for semiconductor memory designs is described, and for each class of codes the number of check bits required for commonly used data lengths is provided. The implementation aspects of error correction and error detection are also discussed,

Chin-long Chen

1984-01-01

132

Precoding of Space-Time Block Codes in Multiuser MIMO Channels with Outdated Channel State Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivated by the fact that combining space-time block codes with channel precoding can make the system robust against channel fading while achieving both coding and diversity gains, we propose a joint set of linear precoder designs for uplink multiuser space-time block coded multiple-input multiple-output systems with multipacket reception by exploiting outdated channel state information. In particular, we formulate the design

Jane W. Huang; Edward K. S. Au; Vincent K. N. Lau

2007-01-01

133

New Seismic Hazard study in Spain Aimed at the revision of the Spanish Building Code  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we present a global overview of the recent study carried out in Spain for the new hazard map, which final goal is the revision of the Building Code in our country (NCSE-02). The study was carried our for a working group joining experts from The Instituto Geografico Nacional (IGN) and the Technical University of Madrid (UPM) , being the different phases of the work supervised by an expert Committee integrated by national experts from public institutions involved in subject of seismic hazard. The PSHA method (Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Assessment) has been followed, quantifying the epistemic uncertainties through a logic tree and the aleatory ones linked to variability of parameters by means of probability density functions and Monte Carlo simulations. In a first phase, the inputs have been prepared, which essentially are: 1) a project catalogue update and homogenization at Mw 2) proposal of zoning models and source characterization 3) calibration of Ground Motion Prediction Equations (GMPE's) with actual data and development of a local model with data collected in Spain for Mw < 5.5. In a second phase, a sensitivity analysis of the different input options on hazard results has been carried out in order to have criteria for defining the branches of the logic tree and their weights. Finally, the hazard estimation was done with the logic tree shown in figure 1, including nodes for quantifying uncertainties corresponding to: 1) method for estimation of hazard (zoning and zoneless); 2) zoning models, 3) GMPE combinations used and 4) regression method for estimation of source parameters. In addition, the aleatory uncertainties corresponding to the magnitude of the events, recurrence parameters and maximum magnitude for each zone have been also considered including probability density functions and Monte Carlo simulations The main conclusions of the study are presented here, together with the obtained results in terms of PGA and other spectral accelerations SA (T) for return periods of 475, 975 and 2475 years. The map of the coefficient of variation (COV) are also represented to give an idea of the zones where the dispersion among results are the highest and the zones where the results are robust.

Rivas-Medina, A.; Benito, B.; Cabañas, L.; Martínez-Solares, J. M.; Ruíz, S.; Gaspar-Escribano, J. M.; Carreño, E.; Crespo, M.; García-Mayordomo, J.

2013-05-01

134

Recommendations for 15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures for Commercial Office Buildings  

E-print Network

hourly weather data for Houston. Electricity costs were $0.119/kWh, demand charges were $5.00/kW, and costs for natural gas were $8.00/MCF. 1.1. Building Envelope, Lighting and Fenestration Characteristics The analysis was performed for a 6-story...-electric building, respectively. For the electric/gas building, heating is provided by two 731 kBtu/hr hot water gas boilers 6 with an efficiency of 75%. For the all-electric building, heating was provided by an electric resistance boiler with an efficiency...

Montgomery, C.; Yazdani, B.; Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Liu, Z.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Cho, S.

135

Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Utah  

SciTech Connect

The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the current Utah code, the 2006 IECC. The most notable changes are improved duct sealing and efficient lighting requirements. A limited analysis of these changes resulted in estimated savings of $168 to $188 for an average new house in Utah at recent fuel prices.

Cole, Pamala C.; Lucas, Robert G.

2009-05-01

136

Residential Energy Code Technical Support: Training that Works for Enforcement Personnel  

E-print Network

. The Washington State Energy Office in conjunction with the International Conference of Building Officials, operates the Energy Codes Clearinghouse to provide technical energy code support to code officials. The service includes a toll-free hotline, published bi...

Bowman, J.

1988-01-01

137

The Revised Austin Energy Code and Comparisons with the Texas State Energy Standard  

E-print Network

For the past two years the City of Austin Energy Code has been under review using the State Energy Standard and ASHRAE 90.2P as models for the revised Austin Energy Code. The major changes to these documents are presented in this paper....

Crow, G.

138

COBRA-NC code analysis of the Heissdampfreaktor (HDR) containment building following a small steam line break: Final report  

SciTech Connect

COBRA-NC is a digital computer code that simulates the response of multicompartment light water reactor containments, and other buildings to postulated pipe breaks. The code has been used to perform post-test predictions of the response of the German HDR containment to a simulated small steam line break blowdown. Comparisons of calculated compartment transient pressures, and temperatures have been made with experimentally measured values. The COBRA-NC predictions for containment pressure and temperature agree fairly well with the data for about half the analyzed transient of 1200 seconds. The code correctly predicts the presence of vertical temperature stratification, and the flowing of liquid to the bottom of the containment. However, during the second half of the transient, the calculated results for pressure and temperature increase in magnitude instead of decreasing as shown in the measurements. This divergence is attributed to the lack of heat removal at the outside surface of the modeled HDR containment structure. Specifically, the heat transfer connection between the containment structure and the environment outside of the HDR containment is not specified in the supplied description of the HDR facility; thus, in the analyses performed, all outside surfaces of the modeled containment structures are assumed insulated. The agreement between the COBRA-NC predictions and the experimental measurements during the early part of the analyzed transient does provide optimism in the code's ability to predict small break long term temperature stratification and pressure effects in a multicompartment building, but further work must be performed to verify the code for the prediction of long duration transients.

Krotiuk, W.J.

1986-11-01

139

Green Building Performance Evaluation in the United States: Measured Results from LEED- New Construction Buildings  

E-print Network

, and the relatively few buildings constructed to similar standards. The growth of the LEED certification system and the development of the Energy Star tool for rating commercial building energy performance now make it possible to begin more comprehensive studies... suggest a promising trend. However, that most recent point was based on just 410 observations, across all building types, regions, sizes, etc. To further explore the impact of vintage in the benchmark choice for this study, the Results section does...

Hewitt, D.; Turner, C.; Frankel, M.

140

A Comparison of the 2003 and 2006 International Energy Conservation Codes to Determine the Potential Impact on Residential Building Energy Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

The IECC was updated in 2006. As required in the Energy Conservation and Production Act of 1992, Title 3, DOE has a legislative requirement to "determine whether such revision would improve energy efficiency in residential buildings" within 12 months of the latest revision. This requirement is part of a three-year cycle of regular code updates. To meet this requirement, an independent review was completed using personnel experienced in building science but not involved in the code development process.

Stovall, Therese K [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL

2008-03-01

141

Faster State Manipulation in General Games using Generated Code Kevin Waugh  

E-print Network

Faster State Manipulation in General Games using Generated Code Kevin Waugh waugh for playing games rely on some type of state space search to choose their actions. It is well known when play- ing games in the general game-playing competi- tion, manipulating states requires expensive

Gordon, Geoffrey J.

142

Solid state lighting in buildings: status and future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, there has been considerable press coverage about the promise of Solid State Lighting (SSL). Despite this or perhaps because of the coverage, it can be difficult to separate hype from reality and set expectations for the near to medium term. The short answer is there are good SSL products on the market now and some poor ones. The good ones are getting better, more common, and more affordable. This paper will cover the basics of the key components that make up a luminaire which are LEDs (light emitting diode), power supply, optics, and thermo/mechanical subsystems. Each component will be reviewed with highlights as to what is important. These subsystems will then be considered as a system. Several methodologies for designing both spot and area luminaires will be discussed focusing on non-residential buildings. The topic of SSL lifetime will be discussed. Finally, trends will be explored to provide an understanding of the kinds of improvements one can expect and the timeframe over which they may occur.

Paolini, Steven

2010-08-01

143

Energy Use and Design Options for Texas State Buildings  

E-print Network

of improved glass type. The results are shown in Table 1. The EUI is defined as the Energy Utilization Index and is a measure of the annual energy consumption of the building in kBtu's per square foot per year. ii Table 1 - Comparison of EUI For Travis... detailed inputs of the physical parameters of the building, operational schedules of the building, summer and winter set point temperatures, HVAC system specifications, etc. Most of these inputs were obtained from the building plans and specifications...

Katipamula, S.; O'Neal, D. L.

1988-01-01

144

49 CFR 578.6 - Civil penalties for violations of specified provisions of Title 49 of the United States Code.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...provisions of Title 49 of the United States Code. 578.6 Section 578.6 Transportation...provisions of Title 49 of the United States Code. (a) Motor vehicle safety —(1...through 30147 of Title 49 of the United States Code or a regulation prescribed...

2012-10-01

145

49 CFR 578.6 - Civil penalties for violations of specified provisions of Title 49 of the United States Code.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...provisions of Title 49 of the United States Code. 578.6 Section 578.6 Transportation...provisions of Title 49 of the United States Code. (a) Motor vehicle safety —(1...through 30147 of Title 49 of the United States Code or a regulation prescribed...

2010-10-01

146

49 CFR 578.6 - Civil penalties for violations of specified provisions of Title 49 of the United States Code.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...provisions of Title 49 of the United States Code. 578.6 Section 578.6 Transportation...provisions of Title 49 of the United States Code. (a) Motor vehicle safety —(1...through 30147 of Title 49 of the United States Code or a regulation prescribed...

2013-10-01

147

49 CFR 578.6 - Civil penalties for violations of specified provisions of Title 49 of the United States Code.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...provisions of Title 49 of the United States Code. 578.6 Section 578.6 Transportation...provisions of Title 49 of the United States Code. (a) Motor vehicle safety —(1...through 30147 of Title 49 of the United States Code or a regulation prescribed...

2011-10-01

148

Joint Transmission and State Estimation: A Constrained Channel Coding Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

A scenario involving a source, a channel, and a destination, where the destination is interested in both reliably re- constructing the message transmitted by the source and estimating with a fidelity criterion the state of the channel, is considered. The source knows the channel statistics but is oblivious to the actual channel state realization. Herein, it is established that a

Wenyi Zhang; Satish Vedantam; Urbashi Mitra

2011-01-01

149

Recommendations for 15% Above-Code Energy-Efficiency Measures for Commercial Office Buildings  

E-print Network

Introduction Base-Case Building Energy Efficiency Measures Results Conclusion OUTLINE INTRODUCTION BA SECA S E EEM’S RESULTS CONC L U S I O N 3 Energy Systems Laboratory © 2007 INTRODUCTION THE 79 TH LEGISLATURE TO ENHANCE EFFECTIVENESS OF SENATE BILL 5... INTRODUCTION BA SECA S E EEM’S RESULTS CONC L U S I O N 4 Energy Systems Laboratory © 2007 BASE-CASE As per ASHRAE 90.1-1999 Building Envelope #0;? 6-story office building (89,304 ft 2 ) in Houston, TX #0;? Roof R-value: R-15 #0;? Wall R-value: R-13...

Mukhopadhyay, J.; Haberl, J. S.; Yazdani, B.; Culp, C.; Cho, S.

150

78 FR 47677 - DOE Activities and Methodology for Assessing Compliance With Building Energy Codes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...assessment provides the highest energy savings in the market? What is the...be measured as documentation of energy savings associated with energy codes...is the proper way to attribute energy savings from compliance programs to...

2013-08-06

151

Impact of 2001 Building Technology, state and community programs on United States employment and wage income  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of programs on national employment and income. A special purpose version of the IMPLAN input-output model allied In Build is used in this study of all 38 BTS programs included in the FY2001 federal budget. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and wage income are reported by program for selected years to the year 2030. Energy savings from these programs have the potential of creating a total of nearly 332,000 jobs and about $5.3 billion in wage income (1995$) by the year 2030. Because the required investments to achieve these savings are capital intensive, the net effect after investment is 304,000 jobs and $5.0 billion.

MJ Scott; DJ Hostick; DB Elliott

2000-03-20

152

Impact of 2001 Building Technology, State and Community Programs on United States Employment and Wage Income  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of programs on national employment and income. A special purpose version of the IMPLAN input-output model called ImBuild is used in this study of all 38 BTS programs included in the FY2001 federal budget. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and wage income are reported by program for selected years to the year 2030. Energy savings from these programs have the potential of creating a total of nearly 332,000 jobs and about $5.3 billion in wage income (1999$) by the year 2030. Because the required investments to achieve these savings are capital intensive, the net effect after investment is 304,000 jobs and $5.0 billion.

Scott, Michael J.; Hostick, Donna J.; Elliott, Douglas B.

2000-03-20

153

Cost Containment Through Energy Efficiency in Texas State-Owned Buildings  

E-print Network

COST CONTAINMENT THROUGH ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN TEXAS STATE-OWNED BUILDINGS Willis M. Ponder ACR Energy Engineering, Inc. Austin, Texas ABSTRACT "The Energy Cost Containment Through Energy Efficiency" in Texas State-owned buildings project... initiated an aggressive program to Curb spiraling utility bills using budget personnel and building facilities management. Tne Governor's first action was to direct all agencies to appoint an energy contact and establish energy consumption reduction...

Ponder, W. M.; Verdict, M. E.

1985-01-01

154

SINTEF Building and Infrastructure State-of-the-Art Highly Insulating  

E-print Network

SINTEF Building and Infrastructure State-of-the-Art Highly Insulating Window Frames ­ Research-of-the-Art Highly Insulating Window Frames ­ Research and Market Review Project report 6 ­ 2007 SINTEF Building) and Christian Kohler4) State-of-the-Art Highly Insulating Window Frames ­ Research and Market Review Keywords

155

Implementation of standard quantum error-correction codes for solid-state qubits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In quantum error-correcting code (QECC), many quantum operations and measurements are necessary to correct errors in logical qubits. In the stabilizer formalism, which is widely used in QECC, generators Gi(i=1,2,...) consist of multiples of Pauli matrices and perform encoding, decoding, and measurement. In order to maintain encoding states, the stabilizer Hamiltonian Hstab=-?iGi is suitable because its ground state corresponds to the code space. On the other hand, Hamiltonians of most solid-state qubits have two-body interactions and show their own dynamics. In addition solid-state qubits are fixed on substrate and qubit-qubit operation is restricted in their neighborhood. The main purpose of this paper is to show how to directly generate the stabilizer Hamiltonian Hstab from conventional two-body Hamiltonians with Ising interaction and XY interaction by applying a pulse control method such as an NMR technique. We show that generation times of Hstab for nine-qubit code, five-qubit code, and Steane code are estimated to be less than 300 ns when typical experimental data of superconducting qubits are used, and sufficient pulse control is assumed. We also show how to prepare encoded states from an initial state |0,...,0>. In addition, we discuss an appropriate arrangement of two- or three-dimensional arrayed qubits.

Tanamoto, Tetsufumi

2013-12-01

156

Large Hospital Buildings in the United States in 2007  

EIA Publications

Hospitals consume large amounts of energy because of how they are run and the many people that use them. They are open 24 hours a day; thousands of employees, patients, and visitors occupy the buildings daily; and sophisticated heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems control the temperatures and air flow. In addition, many energy intensive activities occur in these buildings: laundry, medical and lab equipment use, sterilization, computer and server use, food service, and refrigeration.

2012-01-01

157

Recommendations for 2009 IECC 15% Above Code Energy Efficiency Measures for Residential Buildings  

E-print Network

: Climate Zone 2, 3, and 4, and the 2009 IECC code-compliance base-case models were constructed for each climate zone. Two options based on the choice of heating fuel type were considered: (a) natural gas (gas-fired furnace for space heating, and gas water...

Kim, H.; Liu, Z.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Montgomery, C.

158

Analysis of Code-Compliant Construction in Texas Based on Texas Building Energy Performance Standards (TBEPS)  

E-print Network

residential provisions, which is one of the two paths to comply with the 2009 IRC per Section N1101.2 of the code. The annual total source energy savings of the 2012 IRC ranges from 16.3% to 21.4% with the performance path and from 14.3% to 20...

Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J.C.; Kim, H.; Yazdani, B.; Haberl, J.

2013-01-01

159

List updated 7/9/2012 BLDG. # BLDG. CODE BUILDING NAME  

E-print Network

ADMINISTRATION BUILDING 11 FH ATHLETIC FIELD HOUSE - POOL 11A FW ATHLETIC FIELD HOUSE WEST 12 BS BEHAVIORAL MEDIA CENTER 26D HS ALEXANDER D. HENDERSON UNIVERSITY SCHOOL - CLASSROOM 2 26F HS FAU HIGH SCHOOL 27 CT COOLING TOWER 28 GZ GAZEBO AT ATHLETIC FIELD HOUSE 31 UN STUDENT UNION 31A AU CAROLE AND BARRY KAYE

Fernandez, Eduardo

160

List updated 6/24/2014 BLDG. # BLDG. CODE BUILDING NAME  

E-print Network

ADMINISTRATION BUILDING 11 FH ATHLETIC FIELD HOUSE - POOL 11-A FW ATHLETIC FIELD HOUSE WEST 12 BS BEHAVIORAL MEDIA CENTER 26-D HS ALEXANDER D. HENDERSON UNIVERSITY SCHOOL - CLASSROOM 2 26-F HS FAU HIGH SCHOOL 27 CT COOLING TOWER 28 GZ GAZEBO AT ATHLETIC FIELD HOUSE 31 UN STUDENT UNION 31-A AU CAROLE AND BARRY

Fernandez, Eduardo

161

Build Notifications in Agile Environments Abstract. In an agile software development environment, developers write code  

E-print Network

-mail describing the problem in more detail. Keywords: Agile methods, information awareness, ambient display, continuous integration 1 Introduction Agile methods [1] are becoming popular in the software industryBuild Notifications in Agile Environments Abstract. In an agile software development environment

Denzinger, Jörg

162

Joint Decoding of LDPC Codes and Finite-State Channels via Linear-Programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the joint-decoding problem for finite-state channels (FSCs) and low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes. In the first part, the linear-programming (LP) decoder for binary linear codes is extended to perform joint-decoding of bi- nary-input FSCs. In particular, we provide a rigorous definition of LP joint-decoding pseudo-codewords (JD-PCWs) that enables evaluation of the pairwise error probability between codewords and JD-PCWs

Byung-Hak Kim; Henry D. Pfister

2011-01-01

163

User's manual for PANDA: a computer code for calculating equations of state  

SciTech Connect

PANDA is an interactive computer code that constructs equations of state (EOS) for materials over a wide range of densities and temperatures. It provides several options for such contributions to the EOS as the cold curve, lattice vibrations, fluid degrees of freedom, electronic excitations, and intramolecular vibration and rotation. The user enters parameters that define the EOS and makes calculations to test and study the model. The code generates standard Sesame EOS tables that can be read in to other codes or added to a data library for applications.

Kerley, G.I.

1981-11-01

164

Central and Local Patrimonialism: State-Building in Kin-Based Societies  

Microsoft Academic Search

How useful is the concept of patrimonialism to analyze state formation and political dynamics in postcolonial nation-states? Using Tunisia, Morocco, and Iraq during critical periods of state-building following the end of colonial rule, the author considers this question. The purpose of the article is to build on Max Weber by exploring how patrimonialism operates in kin-based social contexts where power

Mounira M. Charrad

2011-01-01

165

Impact of the level of state tax code progressivity on children's health outcomes.  

PubMed

This research study examines the impact of the level of state tax code progressivity on selected children's health outcomes. Specifically, it examines the degree to which a state's tax code ranking along the progressive-regressive continuum relates to percentage of low birthweight babies, infant and child mortality rates, and percentage of uninsured children. Using data merged from a number of public data sets, the authors find that the level of state tax code progressivity is a factor in state rates of infant and child mortality. States with lower median incomes and regressive tax policies have the highest rates of infant and child mortality.With regard to the percentage of children 17 years of age and below who lack health insurance, it is found that larger states with regressive tax policies have the largest percentage of uninsured children. In general, more heavily populated states with more progressive tax codes have healthier children. The implications of these findings are discussed in terms of tax policy and the well-being of children as well as for social work education, social work practice, and social work research. PMID:21936334

Granruth, Laura Brierton; Shields, Joseph J

2011-08-01

166

3-D TECATE/BREW: Thermal, stress, and birefringent ray-tracing codes for solid-state laser design  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the physics, code formulations, and numerics that are used in the TECATE (totally Eulerian code for anisotropic thermo-elasticity) and BREW (birefringent ray-tracing of electromagnetic waves) codes for laser design. These codes resolve thermal, stress, and birefringent optical effects in 3-D stationary solid-state systems. This suite of three constituent codes is a package referred to as LASRPAK.

Gelinas, R.J.; Doss, S.K.; Nelson, R.G.

1994-07-20

167

An adaptive coded aperture imager: building, testing and trialing a super-resolving terrestrial demonstrator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is an increasingly important requirement for day and night, wide field of view imaging and tracking for both imaging and sensing applications. Applications include military, security and remote sensing. We describe the development of a proof of concept demonstrator of an adaptive coded-aperture imager operating in the mid-wave infrared to address these requirements. This consists of a coded-aperture mask, a set of optics and a 4k x 4k focal plane array (FPA). This system can produce images with a resolution better than that achieved by the detector pixel itself (i.e. superresolution) by combining multiple frames of data recorded with different coded-aperture mask patterns. This superresolution capability has been demonstrated both in the laboratory and in imaging of real-world scenes, the highest resolution achieved being ½ the FPA pixel pitch. The resolution for this configuration is currently limited by vibration and theoretically ¼ pixel pitch should be possible. Comparisons have been made between conventional and ACAI solutions to these requirements and show significant advantages in size, weight and cost for the ACAI approach.

Slinger, Christopher W.; Bennett, Charlotte R.; Dyer, Gavin; Gilholm, Kevin; Gordon, Neil; Huckridge, David; McNie, Mark; Penney, Richard W.; Proudler, Ian K.; Rice, Kevin; Ridley, Kevin D.; Russell, Lee; de Villiers, Geoffrey D.; Watson, Philip J.

2011-09-01

168

Energy Conservation Code Decoded  

SciTech Connect

Designing an energy-efficient, affordable, and comfortable home is a lot easier thanks to a slime, easier to read booklet, the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC), published in March 2006. States, counties, and cities have begun reviewing the new code as a potential upgrade to their existing codes. Maintained under the public consensus process of the International Code Council, the IECC is designed to do just what its title says: promote the design and construction of energy-efficient homes and commercial buildings. Homes in this case means traditional single-family homes, duplexes, condominiums, and apartment buildings having three or fewer stories. The U.S. Department of Energy, which played a key role in proposing the changes that resulted in the new code, is offering a free training course that covers the residential provisions of the 2006 IECC.

Cole, Pam C.; Taylor, Zachary T.

2006-09-01

169

Can you build an iPhone app without writing a single line of code?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the last ESIP summer meeting, a study was conducted to explore different commercial tools now available that allow one to create a mobile app without writing a single line of code. The proposed research comprised of two components. First, systematically evaluate different tools to create mobile apps along the dimensions of features and price. Second, create an iPhone app prototype for the ESIP community using some of these tools. The initial assessment classified the currently available tools to create mobile app tools into two categories. The tools that fall under the first category require no programming, but the content for the mobile apps are fed to it either via a web site RSS feed or entered manually. Consequently, these tools only support limited user interactivity. These tools follow the business model of website hosting services. This business model offers a set of templates to the end users with limited customization features to create their content in order to publish to websites. The second category of tools requires programming, but the code can be written in popular languages such as Javascript (compatible with most mobile platforms) rather than mobile app specific languages. For the second component of the study, two ESIP iPhone app prototypes were created. The first prototype required no programming and used the AppMakr tool. Objective C was used to create the second iPhone prototype from scratch and the source code for this prototype is available on the ESIP website. The study concluded that existing tools do make it easy to create a simple mobile app especially if one already has a well designed website. The associated costs are adequate but not cheap. However, if the mobile app has requirements that require interactivity and specialized customization then one needs to work with a mobile app developer.

Ramachandran, R.; Maskey, M.

2011-12-01

170

Build a speaker Ohio State University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering July 2011  

E-print Network

Build a speaker Ohio State University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering July 2011 1 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering BUILD A SPEAKER By Betty Lise Anderson Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering July 2011 2 Sound waves Sound waves are compressional

Anderson, Betty Lise

171

Diagnosis of the degradation state of building and cost evaluation of induced refurbishment works  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to make a decision to proceed with any project of building refurbishment, there is a need for a brief but reliable report describing the current state of the building and giving a good estimate of the cost of the various work to be done. Part of the EPIQR methodology and software applies to the specific refurbishment works and

Dominique Caccavelli; Jean-Louis Genre

2000-01-01

172

Continuous-variable dense coding via a general Gaussian state: Monogamy relation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study a continuous-variable dense coding protocol, originally proposed to employ a two-mode squeezed state, using a general two-mode Gaussian state as a quantum channel. We particularly obtain conditions to manifest quantum advantage by beating two well-known single-mode schemes, namely, the squeezed-state scheme (best Gaussian scheme) and the number-state scheme (optimal scheme achieving the Holevo bound). We then extend our study to a multipartite Gaussian state and investigate the monogamy of operational entanglement measured by the communication capacity under the dense coding protocol. We show that this operational entanglement represents a strict monogamy relation, by means of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle among different parties; i.e., the quantum advantage for communication can be possible for only one pair of two-mode systems among many parties.

Lee, Jaehak; Ji, Se-Wan; Park, Jiyong; Nha, Hyunchul

2014-08-01

173

Comparison of building energy use data between the United States and China  

SciTech Connect

Buildings in the United States and China consumed 41percent and 28percent of the total primary energy in 2011, respectively. Good energy data are the cornerstone to understanding building energy performance and supporting research, design, operation, and policy making for low energy buildings. This paper presents initial outcomes from a joint research project under the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center for Building Energy Efficiency. The goal is to decode the driving forces behind the discrepancy of building energy use between the two countries; identify gaps and deficiencies of current building energy monitoring, data collection, and analysis; and create knowledge and tools to collect and analyze good building energy data to provide valuable and actionable information for key stakeholders. This paper first reviews and compares several popular existing building energy monitoring systems in both countries. Next a standard energy data model is presented. A detailed, measured building energy data comparison was conducted for a few office buildings in both countries. Finally issues of data collection, quality, sharing, and analysis methods are discussed. It was found that buildings in both countries performed very differently, had potential for deep energy retrofit, but that different efficiency measures should apply.

Xia , Jianjun; Hong , Tianzhen; Shen, Qi; Feng , Wei; Yang, Le; Im , Piljae; Lu, Alison; Bhandari , Mahabir

2013-10-30

174

Is there a need for state health department sanitary codes for public hydrotherapy and swimming pools?  

PubMed

The Board of Health of the Commonwealth of Virginia has an outdated sanitary code for its public hydrotherapy and swimming pools. The code is restricted to pools in hotels and other lodging places. The absence of modern regulations for public hydrotherapy and swimming pools has permitted serious deficiencies in pool maintenance, which are highlighted in this report. The most notable of these deficiencies was the presence of high levels of bacterial contamination that could predispose to infect in the water of one public hot tub. The results of this study indicate that the Virginia Board of Health sanitary code for pool water must be revised immediately and should include all public hydrotherapy and swimming pools. Other states and communities may want to assess their codes for swimming pools and hydrotherapy tubs to avoid deficiencies that could be detrimental to public health. PMID:2335553

Zura, R D; Gröschel, D H; Becker, D G; Hwang, J C; Edlich, R F

1990-01-01

175

Culture and Identity: Critical Considerations for Successful State- building Endeavors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001, originating from Afghanistan, and the earthquake in January 2010 that devastated Haiti illustrate the different dangers that weak and failed states represent to the international community. Whil...

P. J. Hilaski

2010-01-01

176

Do Merit-Aid Programs Help States Build Skilled Workforces?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the major developments in financing undergraduate education in the United States in the past 20 years has been the introduction of broad-based merit-aid programs by state governments. The typical program waives tuition and fees at public colleges and universities for state residents who have attained a respectable grade-point average…

Groen, Jeffrey A.

2011-01-01

177

The limits of state building : the politics of war and the ideology of peace  

E-print Network

When can the international community build strong state institutions - such as security forces or electoral institutions - in post-conflict societies? An influential technical perspective argues that authority, resources, ...

Radin, Andrew M. (Andrew Marc)

2012-01-01

178

International Code Council  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Code Council is �a membership association dedicated to building safety and fire prevention, develops the codes used to construct residential and commercial buildings, including homes and schools. Most U.S. cities, counties and states that adopt codes choose the International Codes developed by the International Code Council.� Although some sections of the site are reserved for members only (which requires a fee), there is a remarkable amount of material available to non-members. Available on the website are details about codes development, how to acquire an opinion on a code from multiple sources and how to reach a building code liaison for your locality. Under the �Certification and Testing� tab, users can find sample certification exam questions as well as outlines. The site also provides links to various periodicals, ICC meetings and also includes an event calendar to see dates for industry conferences and upcoming trade shows.

2006-12-04

179

Building a Numerical Relativistic Non-ideal Magnetohydrodynamics Code for Astrophysical Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Including resistive effects in relativistic magnetized plasmas is a challenging task, that a number of authors have recently tackled employing different methods. From the numerical point of view, the difficulty in including non-ideal terms arises from the fact that, in the limit of very high plasma conductivity (i.e., close to the ideal MHD limit), the system of governing equations becomes stiff, and the standard explicit integrating methods produce instabilities that destroy the numerical solution. To deal with such a difficulty, we have extended the relativistic MHD code MRGENESIS, to include a number of Implicit Explicit Runge-Kutta (IMEX-RK) numerical methods. To validate the implementation of the IMEX-RK schemes, several standard tests are presented in one and two spatial dimensions, covering different conductivity regimes.

Aranguren, S. M.; Aloy, M. A.; Aloy-Torás, C.

2014-09-01

180

Cost-Effective Energy Efficiency Measures for Above Code (ASHRAE 90.1-2001 and 2007) Restaurant Buildings in the City of Arlington  

E-print Network

COST-EFFECTIVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY MEASURES FOR ABOVE CODE (ASHRAE 90.1-2001 and 2007) RESTAURANT BUILDINGS IN THE CITY OF ARLINGTON A Research Project for the City of Arlington ENERGY SYSTEMS LABORATORY Texas Engineering Experiment Station Texas A... of the improvement, #1; simple payback calculations, and #1; emissions savings. 2 ENERGY SYSTEMS LABORATORY Methodology 3 #1; ESL simulation model based on the DOE-2.2 of ASHRAE 90.1- 2001 and 2007 code-compliant, restaurant building for Tarrant County #1; A...

2011-01-01

181

Using Microsoft Excel as a pre-processor for CODE V optimization of air spaces when building camera lenses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When building high-performance camera lenses, it is often preferable to tailor element-to-element air spaces instead of tightening the fabrication tolerances sufficiently so that random assembly is possible. A tailored air space solution is usually unique for each serial number camera lens and results in nearly nominal performance. When these air spaces are computed based on measured radii, thickness, and refractive indices, this can put a strain on the design engineering department to deal with all the data in a timely fashion. Excel† may be used by the assembly technician as a preprocessor tool to facilitate data entry and organization, and to perform the optimization using CODE V‡ (or equivalent) without any training or experience in using lens design software. This makes it unnecessary to involve design engineering for each lens serial number, sometimes waiting in their work queue. In addition, Excel can be programmed to run CODE V in such a way that discrete shim thicknesses result. This makes it possible for each tailored air space solution to be achieved using a finite number of shims that differ in thickness by a reasonable amount. It is generally not necessary to tailor the air spaces in each lens to the micron level to achieve nearly nominal performance.

Stephenson, Dave

2013-09-01

182

Experimental demonstration of a graph state quantum error-correction code  

E-print Network

Scalable quantum computing and communication requires the protection of quantum information from the detrimental effects of decoherence and noise. Previous work tackling this problem has relied on the original circuit model for quantum computing. However, recently a family of entangled resources known as graph states has emerged as a versatile alternative for protecting quantum information. Depending on the graph's structure, errors can be detected and corrected in an efficient way using measurement-based techniques. In this article we report an experimental demonstration of error correction using a graph state code. We have used an all-optical setup to encode quantum information into photons representing a four-qubit graph state. We are able to reliably detect errors and correct against qubit loss. The graph we have realized is setup independent, thus it could be employed in other physical settings. Our results show that graph state codes are a promising approach for achieving scalable quantum information processing.

B. A. Bell; D. A. Herrera-Martí; M. S. Tame; D. Markham; W. J. Wadsworth; J. G. Rarity

2014-04-22

183

Employee Signature: __________________________________________ Date: _________________________ [ ] incorporated in the United States under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.  

E-print Network

: _________________________ [ ] incorporated in the United States under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. [ ] the primary:_____________________________________________________________________________Date:______________ Rev. 05-MAR-13 Authorized Signature: ____________________________________________ Phone No

Suzuki, Masatsugu

184

User's manual for PANDA: a computer code for calculating equations of state  

Microsoft Academic Search

PANDA is an interactive computer code that constructs equations of state (EOS) for materials over a wide range of densities and temperatures. It provides several options for such contributions to the EOS as the cold curve, lattice vibrations, fluid degrees of freedom, electronic excitations, and intramolecular vibration and rotation. The user enters parameters that define the EOS and makes calculations

Kerley

1981-01-01

185

The Uniform Commerical Code as Federal Law: United States v. Kimbell Foods, Inc  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Note examines the origins, history, and current standing of federal common law in light of the U.S. Supreme Court's decision Eerie Railroad v. Tompkins. Furthermore, the Note will look to see the impact of state law and the Uniform Commercial Code in the creation of federal common law. Finally, the Note will analyze how the U.S. Supreme Court's decision,

Louis S. Robin

1980-01-01

186

Alumni-Sample Cover Letter with Bullets City, State, Zip Code  

E-print Network

(research and personalize-try LinkedIn search) Title Company Street Address City, State, Zip Code Dear and British markets respectively, dealing with all local engines and airframe manufacturers Generating more of Management at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio and my languages include French and German

Rollins, Andrew M.

187

Lebanon: Cedar revolution, Summer War and state building  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the summer of 2006 war was waged between Israel and Hezbollah, mainly on\\u000aLebanese territory. Most of the victims were coming from the population of that country.\\u000aHowever, the state of Lebanon and its government were conspicuously absent. The\\u000aconflict was one between the state of Israel and Hezbollah, a so-called non-state actor,\\u000aan organisation with a politico-societal character

Theo Brinkel

2009-01-01

188

Building the Capacity of States to Ensure Inclusion of Rural Communities in State and Local Primary Violence Prevention Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural, frontier, and geographically isolated communities face unique challenges associated with ensuring that they are equal partners in capacity-building and prevention planning processes at the state and local level despite barriers that can inhibit participation. By their nature, rural, frontier, and geographically isolated communities and states experience geographical isolation from planning partners and differential funding and staffing for prevention programming,

Patricia G. Cook-Craig; Wendi L. Siebold

2010-01-01

189

State-based Modeling of Buildings and Facilities  

E-print Network

to an intelligent monitoring. DIN EN ISO 16484 proposes a method to describe functional requirements in an easy to understand way. We extended its use of state machines to our proposed concept of state based modeling. This proved to be a wholesome approach to easily...

Fisch, M.N.; Pinkernell, C.; Look, M.; Plesser, S.; Rumpe, B.

2011-01-01

190

Analysis of the impacts of energy conservation codes in new single-family homes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the 50 states some form of federal code or standard for energy conservation in new building construction is typically incorporated into state and local codes. Two of these codes, the Model Energy Code (MEC) and the proposed ASHRAE standard 90.2P are of special importance to the residential data base developed by the Gas Research Institute (GRI) because they influence

R. L. Ritschard; J. W. Hanford; A. O. Sezgen

1992-01-01

191

Flexible-Planes Monte Carlo Code (Go-Flex) v.RC.1. Release Candidate 1 (Build 3.4.0.7.)  

E-print Network

Flexible-Planes Monte Carlo Code (Go-Flex) v.RC.1. Release Candidate 1 (Build 3.4.0.7.) Software with configurations from a library of alanine, proline, and glycine. It then uses a Monte Carlo technique to accept Monte Carlo steps are reached. DATA_OUT Data will be written to the output files every n steps. RESTART

Zuckerman, Daniel M.

192

Time-Based Capabilities of Occupants to Escape Fires in Public Buildings: A Review of Code Provisions and Technical Literature. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Available technical literature pertaining to exit facility design and emergency escape provisions of the National Fire Protection Association's "Life Safety Code" (1976 Edition) are reviewed in order to determine the technical support for such provisions. The report focuses on the time-based capabilities of building occupants to effect rapid…

Stahl, Fred I.; And Others

193

VALIDATION OF THE eCALC COMMERCIAL CODE-COMPLIANT SIMULATION VERSUS MEASURED DATA FROM AN OFFICE BUILDING IN A HOT AND HUMID CLIMATE  

E-print Network

This paper compares the results of a calibrated simulation of a case-study building versus simulation using the web-based eCALC code-compliant commercial simulation program (Haberl et al., 2004). Previously, as-built calibrated simulation results...

Cho, S.; Haberl, J.

194

Applications of the seismic hazard model of Italy: from a new building code to the L'Aquila trial against seismologists  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2003, a large national project fur updating the seismic hazard map and the seismic zoning in Italy started, according to the rules fixed by an Ordinance by Italian Prime Minister. New input elements for probabilistic seismic hazard assessment were compiled: the earthquake catalogue, the seismogenic zonation, the catalogue completeness, a set of new attenuation relationships. The map of expected PGA on rock soil condition with 10% probability of exceedance is the new reference seismic hazard map for Italy (http://zonesismiche.mi.ingv.it). In the following, further 9 probabilities of exceedance and the uniform hazard spectra up to 2 seconds together with the disaggregation of the PGA was also released. A comprehensive seismic hazard model that fully describes the seismic hazard in Italy was then available, accessible by a webGis application (http://esse1-gis.mi.ingv.it/en.php). The detailed information make possible to change the approach for evaluating the proper seismic action for designing: from a zone-dependent approach (in Italy there were 4 seismic zones, each one with a single design spectrum) to a site-dependent approach: the design spectrum is now defined at each site of a grid of about 11000 points covering the whole national territory. The new building code becomes mandatory only after the 6 April 2009 L'Aquila earthquake, the first strong event in Italy after the release of the seismic hazard map. The large number of recordings and the values of the experienced accelerations suggested the comparisons between the recorded spectra and spectra defined in the seismic codes Even if such comparisons could be robust only after several consecutive 50-year periods of observation and in a probabilistic approach it is not a single observation that can validate or not the hazard estimate, some of the comparisons that can be undertaken between the observed ground motions and the hazard model used for the seismic code have been performed and have shown that the assumptions and modeling choices made in the Italian hazard study are in line with the observations, by considering different return period, the soil condition at the recording stations and the uncertainties of the model. A further application of Italian seismic hazard model is in the identification of buildings and factories struck by the 2012 Emilia (Italy) earthquakes to be investigated in order to determine if they were still safe or not. The law states that no safety check is needed if the construction experienced a shaking greater than 70% of the design acceleration expected at the site, without abandoning the elastic behavior. The ground motion values are evaluated from the shakemaps available (http://shakemap.rm.ingv.it) and the design accelerations derived from the Building Code, which is based on the reference Italian seismic hazard model. Finally, the national seismic hazard model was one the most debated element during the trial in L'Aquila against the seismologists, experts of Civil Protection Department, sentenced to six years in prison on charges of manslaughter, because, according to the judge, they underestimated the risk in the region, giving a wrong message to the people, before the strong 2009 L'Aquila earthquake.

Meletti, C.

2013-05-01

195

50 CFR Table 17 to Part 679 - Process Codes for Use With State of Alaska Commercial Operator's Annual Report (COAR)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Process Codes for Use With State of Alaska Commercial Operator's Annual Report...FISHERIES OF THE EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Table 17 Table 17 to Part 679—Process Codes for Use With State of Alaska Commercial Operator's Annual...

2013-10-01

196

Powerful Alignment: Building Consensus around the Common Core State Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines a sampling of arguments for and against the Common Core State Standards from the period surrounding their adoption. While supporters of the standards have articulated common goals such as economic security, equity, and alignment, opposing voices have failed to coalesce around a unified set of principles or a common language. An…

Doyle, Keridan

2012-01-01

197

Trends in Building Energy Usage in Texas State Agencies  

E-print Network

, universities will be allowed to comingle uti 1 ity money with capital operating money so that conservation can really pay off for them. INTRODUCTION In November of 1983, governor Mark White sent letters to the directors of the largest state agencies... Seshan Assistant Professor Research Assistant Texas A&M University Texas A&M University College Station, TX College Station, TX budget situation and where the money was monthly uti 1 ity data were requested and then the annual figures used...

Murphy, W. E.; Turner, W. D.; O'Neal, D. L.; Seshan, S.

1985-01-01

198

Magic-State Distillation in All Prime Dimensions Using Quantum Reed-Muller Codes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose families of protocols for magic-state distillation—important components of fault-tolerance schemes—for systems of odd prime dimension. Our protocols utilize quantum Reed-Muller codes with transversal non-Clifford gates. We find that, in higher dimensions, small and effective codes can be used that have no direct analogue in qubit (two-dimensional) systems. We present several concrete protocols, including schemes for three-dimensional (qutrit) and five-dimensional (ququint) systems. The five-dimensional protocol is, by many measures, the best magic-state-distillation scheme yet discovered. It excels both in terms of error threshold with respect to depolarizing noise (36.3%) and the efficiency measure known as yield, where, for a large region of parameters, it outperforms its qubit counterpart by many orders of magnitude.

Campbell, Earl T.; Anwar, Hussain; Browne, Dan E.

2012-10-01

199

PEBBLE: a two-dimensional steady-state pebble bed reactor thermal hydraulics code  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the local implementation of the PEBBLE code to treat the two-dimensional steady-state pebble bed reactor thermal hydraulics problem. This code is implemented as a module of a computation system used for reactor core history calculations. Given power density data, the geometric description in (RZ), and basic heat removal conditions and thermal properties, the coolant properties, flow conditions, and temperature distributions in the pebble fuel elements are predicted. The calculation is oriented to the continuous fueling, steady state condition with consideration of the effect of the high energy neutron flux exposure and temperature history on the thermal conductivity. The coolant flow conditions are calculated for the same geometry as used in the neutronics calculation, power density and fluence data being used directly, and temperature results are made available for subsequent use.

Vondy, D.R.

1981-09-01

200

Toward a theory of leadership and state building  

PubMed Central

We present a theory of the state based on political leadership and reputational equilibria. A political leader first needs a reputation for reliably rewarding loyal supporters. Reputational expectations between political leaders and their supporters become the fundamental political laws on which the enforcement of all other constitutional laws may be based. Successful democratic development requires a plentiful supply of leaders who have good reputations for using public funds responsibly to serve the public at large and not just giving jobs to their active supporters. It is argued that decentralized democracy may be the best way to improve the chances for successful democracy. PMID:22198758

Myerson, Roger B.

2011-01-01

201

Flood-resilient waterfront development in New York City: bridging flood insurance, building codes, and flood zoning.  

PubMed

Waterfronts are attractive areas for many-often competing-uses in New York City (NYC) and are seen as multifunctional locations for economic, environmental, and social activities on the interface between land and water. The NYC waterfront plays a crucial role as a first line of flood defense and in managing flood risk and protecting the city from future climate change and sea-level rise. The city of New York has embarked on a climate adaptation program (PlaNYC) outlining the policies needed to anticipate the impacts of climate change. As part of this policy, the Department of City Planning has recently prepared Vision 2020: New York City Comprehensive Waterfront Plan for the over 500 miles of NYC waterfront (NYC-DCP, 2011). An integral part of the vision is to improve resilience to climate change and sea-level rise. This study seeks to provide guidance for advancing the goals of NYC Vision 2020 by assessing how flood insurance, flood zoning, and building code policies can contribute to waterfront development that is more resilient to climate change. PMID:21692807

Aerts, Jeroen C J H; Botzen, W J Wouter

2011-06-01

202

Building the Capacity of States to Ensure Inclusion of Rural Communities in State and Local Primary Violence Prevention Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural, frontier, and geographically isolated communities face unique challenges associated with ensuring that they are equal partners in capacity-building and prevention planning processes at the state and local level despite barriers that can inhibit participation. By their nature, rural, frontier, and geographically isolated communities and…

Cook-Craig, Patricia G.; Lane, Karen G.; Siebold, Wendi L.

2010-01-01

203

Cost-Effective Energy Efficiency Measures for Above Code (ASHRAE 90.1-2001 and 2007) Small Office Buildings in the City of Arlington  

E-print Network

COST-EFFECTIVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY MEASURES FOR ABOVE CODE (ASHRAE 90.1-2001 and 2007) SMALL OFFICE BUILDINGS IN THE CITY OF ARLINGTON A Research Project for the City of Arlington ENERGY SYSTEMS LABORATORY Texas Engineering Experiment Station Texas...A with ? estimated cost of the improvement, ? simple payback calculations, and ? emissions savings. 2 ESL-TR-11-08-05 ENERGY SYSTEMS LABORATORY Methodology ? ESL simulation model based on the DOE-2.1e of ASHRAE 90.1- 2001 and 2007 code-compliant, small office...

2011-01-01

204

Impact of Climate Change Heating and Cooling Energy Use in Buildings in the United States  

E-print Network

and cooling. To quantify the impact, this study used the HadCM3 Global Circulation Model (GCM) to generate1 Impact of Climate Change Heating and Cooling Energy Use in Buildings in the United States Haojie * Tel. (765)496-7562, Fax (765)494-0539, Email: yanchen@purdue.edu Abstract Global warming has drawn

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

205

College of Pharmacy Oregon State University, 203 Pharmacy Building., Corvallis, Oregon 97331-3507  

E-print Network

College of Pharmacy Oregon State University, 203 Pharmacy Building., Corvallis, Oregon 97331-3507 T 541-737-3424 | F 541-737-3999 | http://pharmacy.oregonstate.edu April 20, 2010 To: Becky Warner and Professor Re: College of Pharmacy response to queries related to implementation plan · You presented

Escher, Christine

206

Appraisal of the use of geothermal energy in state-owned buildings in Colorado  

SciTech Connect

An appraisal of the use of geothermal energy for space heating requirements for selected state-owned buildings in six communities in Colorado is presented. The appraisal addresses several components of a feasibility study for geothermal applications, including resource assessment, pipeline rights-of-way, well design and drilling program, conceptual engineering designs for retrofits of building heating systems, evaluations of economic feasibility, institutional requirements, and environmental considerations. Economic feasibility is determined from evaluation of four economic measures: a simple payback period in years; twenty-year annualized system costs (geothermal system versus conventional system); total twenty-year undiscounted energy savings; and total twenty-year present value energy savings. The results of the analyses of each feasibility component are finally ranked, using a weighting system, to arrive at an order ranking of the eleven state-owned buildings for overall feasibility. The relative total feasibility rankings and the absolute evaluations of economic competitiveness with the existing conventional-fuel heating systems show that several of the state facilities are likely candidates for conversion to geothermal hot water heating systems. The best candidate by far is the Colorado State Reformatory at Buena Vista. The geothermal resource at Buena Vista (Cottonwood Canyon and Chalk Creek) is a high quality resource with high water temperatures and a water quality adequate for direct flow through the building heating units.

Meyer, R.T.; Coe, B.A.; Dick, J.D.

1981-01-30

207

Nation-states for Export? Nation-building between military intervention, crisis prevention and development policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nation-building in violent conflicts or post-conflict situations is often viewed in most EU countries as a means of countering chaos and fragmentation, as an instrument for conflict management and prevention. Former Minister of State at the German Foreign Office, Ludger Volmer (2002), gave a perfect example of this in June 2002: \\

Jochen Hippler

208

Disability Access Services Oregon State University, A200 Kerr Administration Building, Corvallis, OR 97331  

E-print Network

Computation For students who have a learning disability that impacts arithmetic computation, using a simpleDisability Access Services Oregon State University, A200 Kerr Administration Building, Corvallis will notify the instructor if the student's documentation indicates specific cognitive difficulties that would

Tullos, Desiree

209

Disability Access Services Oregon State University, A200 Kerr Administration Building, Corvallis, OR 97331  

E-print Network

at the university level is expected of all students. However, students with a specific learning disability, whichDisability Access Services Oregon State University, A200 Kerr Administration Building, Corvallis-class exams. Typical accommodations have included spell-check devices or not penalizing a student for spelling

Tullos, Desiree

210

BUILDING STRONGER STATE ENERGY PARTNERSHIPS WITH THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

SciTech Connect

This technical progress report includes an update of the progress during the second year of cooperative agreement DE-FC26-00NT40802, Building Stronger State Energy Partnerships with the U.S. Department of Energy. The report also describes the barriers in conduct of the effort, and our assessment of future progress and activities.

Kate Burke

2002-11-01

211

Quantum teleportation and dense coding by means of bright amplitude-squeezed light and direct measurement of a Bell state  

E-print Network

Quantum teleportation and dense coding by means of bright amplitude-squeezed light and direct to realize quantum teleportation and dense coding for continuous variables are proposed, in that entangled of this is the concept of quantum teleportation which is the disembodied transport of an un- known quantum state from one

Zhang, Jing

212

Disciples of the state : secularization and state building in the former Ottoman World  

E-print Network

Disciples of the State seeks to explain why some former Ottoman states succeeded in effectively secularizing schooling and law and regulating religion upon independence - thereby consolidating state power- whereas others ...

Fabbe, Kristin Elisabeth

2012-01-01

213

International Security & Failed States: Embracing Identity-Centric Strategies of State-Building  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the twenty-first century, the balance of power between states is no longer the only source of global insecurity, but is joined by non-state threats that lurk behind a curtain of de jure sovereignty in failed states. Diseases, piracy, terrorists, criminal cartels, and rapacious corporations all take advantage of the poverty and lack of institutional capacity endemic to failed states.

Paul S. Holland

2012-01-01

214

ORDINANCE NO.__________ AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY OF BELMONT AMENDING CHAPTER 7 OF THE CODE  

E-print Network

1 ORDINANCE NO.__________ AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY OF BELMONT AMENDING CHAPTER 7 OF THE CODE OF THE CITY OF BELMONT; ADOPTING BY REFERENCE THE 2010 EDITION OF THE CALIFORNIA BUILDING STANDARDS CODE, CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS, TITLE 24 (CCR, T-24), STATE HOUSING LAW, THE CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS

215

Combinatorial Cytokine Code Generates Anti-Viral State in Dendritic Cells  

PubMed Central

The physiological function of the immune system and the response to therapeutic immunomodulators may be sensitive to combinatorial cytokine micro-environments that shape the responses of specific immune cells. Previous work shows that paracrine cytokines released by virus-infected human dendritic cells (DC) can dictate the maturation state of naïve DCs. To understand the effects of paracrine signaling, we systematically studied the effects of combinations cytokines in this complex mixture in generating an anti-viral state. After naïve DCs were exposed to either IFN? or to paracrine signaling released by DCs infected by Newcastle disease virus (NDV), microarray analysis revealed a large number of genes that were differently regulated by the DC-secreted paracrine signaling. In order to identify the cytokine mechanisms involved, we identified 20 cytokines secreted by NDV infected DCs for which the corresponding receptor gene is expressed in naïve DCs. By exposing cells to all combinations of 19 cytokines (leave-one-out studies), we identified five cytokines (IFN?, TNF?, IL-1?, TNFSF15, and IL28) as candidates for regulating DC maturation markers. Subsequent experiments identified IFN?, TNF?, and IL1? as the major contributors to this anti-viral state. This finding was supported by infection studies in vitro, by T-cell activation studies and by in vivo infection studies in mouse. Combination of cytokines can cause response states in DCs that differ from those achieved by the individual cytokines alone. These results suggest that the cytokine microenvironment may act via a combinatorial code to direct the response state of specific immune cells. Further elucidation of this code may provide insight into responses to infection and neoplasia as well as guide the development of combinatorial cytokine immunomodulation for infectious, autoimmune, and immunosurveillance-related diseases. PMID:24616721

Hartmann, Boris M.; Marjanovic, Nada; Nudelman, German; Moran, Thomas M.; Sealfon, Stuart C.

2014-01-01

216

Cost effectiveness of the 1995 model energy code in Massachusetts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report documents an analysis of the cost effectiveness of the Council of American Building Officials` 1995 Model Energy Code (MEC) building thermal-envelope requirements for single-family houses and multifamily housing units in Massachusetts. The goal was to compare the cost effectiveness of the 1995 MEC to the energy conservation requirements of the Massachusetts State Building Code-based on a comparison of

1996-01-01

217

Building Stronger State Energy Partnerships with the U.S. Department of Energy  

SciTech Connect

This final technical report details the results of total work efforts and progress made from October 2007 – September 2011 under the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) cooperative agreement DE-FC26-07NT43264, Building Stronger State Energy Partnerships with the U.S. Department of Energy. Major topical project areas in this final report include work efforts in the following areas: Energy Assurance and Critical Infrastructure, State and Regional Technical Assistance, Regional Initiative, Regional Coordination and Technical Assistance, and International Activities in China. All required deliverables have been provided to the National Energy Technology Laboratory and DOE program officials.

Marks, Kate

2011-09-30

218

Construction of a Solid State Research Facility, Building 3150. Environmental Assessment  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to construct a new facility to house the Materials Synthesis Group (MSG) and the Semiconductor Physics Group (SPG) of the Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The location of the proposed action is Roane County, Tennessee. MSG is involved in the study of crystal growth and the preparation and characterization of advanced materials, such as high-temperature superconductors, while SPG is involved in semiconductor physics research. All MSG and a major pardon of SPG research activities are now conducted in Building 2000, a deteriorating structure constructed in the 1940. The physical deterioration of the roof; the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system; and the plumbing make this building inadequate for supporting research activities. The proposed project is needed to provide laboratory and office space for MSG and SPG and to ensure that research activities can continue without interruption due to deficiencies in the building and its associated utility systems.

Not Available

1993-07-01

219

Calculating cold curves for Equation of State using different types of Density Functional Theory codes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With fast computers and improved radiation-hydrodynamics simulation techniques, increasingly complex high energy-density physics systems are investigated by modeling and simulation efforts, putting unprecedented strain on the underlying Equation of State (EOS) modeling. EOS models that have been adequate in the past can fail in unexpected ways. With the aim of improving the EOS, models are often fitted to calculated data in parts of the parameter space where little or no experimental data is available. One example is the compression part of the cold curve. We show that care needs to be taken in using Density Functional Theory (DFT) codes. While being perfectly adequate for calculations in many parts of the parameter space, approximations inherent to pseudo-potential codes can limit their applicability for large compressions. Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.

Mattsson, Ann E.; Cochrane, Kyle R.; Carpenter, John H.; Desjarlais, Michael P.

2008-03-01

220

Building Comprehensive State Systems for Vulnerable Babies: A Resource for State Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP) has developed this resource to help state leaders strategize how to create or improve early childhood systems to meet the needs of vulnerable babies and toddlers, their families, and pregnant women. Every state has the pieces of a comprehensive early childhood system in place. This tool will help state

Center for Law and Social Policy, Inc. (CLASP), 2011

2011-01-01

221

Enabling Efficient, Responsive, and Resilient Buildings: Collaboration Between the United States and India  

SciTech Connect

The United States and India have among the largest economies in the world, and they continue to work together to address current and future challenges in reliable electricity supply. The acceleration to efficient, grid-responsive, resilient buildings represents a key energy security objective for federal and state agencies in both countries. The weaknesses in the Indian grid system were manifest in 2012, in the country’s worst blackout, which jeopardized the lives of half of India’s 1.2 billion people. While both countries are investing significantly in power sector reform, India, by virtue of its colossal growth rate in commercial energy intensity and commercial floor space, is better placed than the United States to integrate and test state-of-art Smart Grid technologies in its future grid-responsive commercial buildings. This paper presents a roadmap of technical collaboration between the research organizations, and public-private stakeholders in both countries to accelerate the building-to-grid integration through pilot studies in India.

Basu, Chandrayee; Ghatikar, Girish

2013-09-25

222

Decision-making through performance simulation and code compliance from the early, schematic phases of building design  

E-print Network

, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, U.S.A. http compliance tools move towards incorporating performance simulation models. U.S. energy codes, for example that handles multiple thermal and hygrothermal prescriptive codes of Austrian counties. By making

223

The impact of state energy programs and other contextual factors on U.S. buildings energy consumption  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High energy consumption in the United States has been influenced by populations, climates, income and other contextual factors. In the past decades, U.S. energy policies have pursued energy efficiency as a national strategy for reducing U.S. environmental degradation and dependence on foreign oils. The quest for improved energy efficiency has led to the development of energy efficient technologies and programs. The implementation of energy programs in the complex U.S. socio-technical environment is believed to promote the diffusion of energy efficiency technologies. However, opponents doubt the fact that these programs have the capacity to significantly reduce U.S. energy consumption. In order to contribute to the ongoing discussion, this quantitative study investigated the relationships existing among electricity consumption/ intensity, energy programs and contextual factors in the U.S. buildings sector. Specifically, this study sought to identify the significant predictors of electricity consumption and intensity, as well as estimate the overall impact of selected energy programs on electricity consumption and intensity. Using state-level secondary data for 51 U.S. states from 2006 to 2009, seven random effects panel data regression models confirmed the existence of significant relationships among some energy programs, contextual factors, and electricity consumption/intensity. The most significant predictors of improved electricity efficiency included the price of electricity, public benefits funds program, building energy codes program, financial and informational incentives program and the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) program. Consistently, the Southern region of the U.S. was associated with high electricity consumption and intensity; while the U.S. commercial sector was the greater benefactor from energy programs. On the average, energy programs were responsible for approximately 7% of the variation observed in electricity consumption and intensity, over and above the variation associated with the contextual factors. This study also had implications in program implementation theory, and revealed that resource availability, stringency and adherence had significant impacts on program outcomes. Using seven classification tables, this study categorized and matched the predictors of electricity consumption and intensity with the specific energy sectors in which they demonstrated significance. Project developers, energy advocates, policy makers, program administrators, building occupants and other stakeholders could use study findings in conjunction with other empirical findings, to make informed decisions regarding the adoption, continuation or discontinuation of energy programs, while taking contextual factors into consideration. The adoption and efficient implementation of the most significant programs could reduce U.S. electricity consumption, and in the long term, probably reduce U.S. energy waste, environmental degradation, energy imports, energy prices, and demands for expanding energy generation and distribution infrastructure.

Ofori-Boadu, Andrea N. Y. A.

224

Case study of modifications to a wood ``I'' beam framed floor-ceiling assembly which did not meet minimum International Building Code (IBC) impact insulation class (IIC) or sound transmission class (STC)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A direct comparison, using three identical floor-ceiling assemblies, which did not meet minimum building codes standards for impact insulation class as built. Each floor-ceiling assembly received different corrective measures in an effort to correct the deficiency. All corrective measures were limited to the bottom side of the assembly, since hardwood flooring was installed as the finished floor. All the floor-ceiling assemblies consisted of light weight 16-in. deep ``I'' beam structural framing members (joist) spaced at 24 in. center to center supporting 3/4 in.-t & g plywood with 1-1/2 in. light weight gypsum concrete covered with 1/2-in. plywood and finished with hardwood flooring. Using tired old industry standard methods, products, and systems the best impact insulation class increase was twelve points which still did not meet minimum building code standards. By installing the state of the art products, using the proper methods available today under the floor-ceiling assembly the field impact insulation class was increased 28 points to a field impact insulation class of 60 without acoustical mat on the top side of the assembly. By design the field sound transmission class was also improved (40 to 55 STC) due to product selection, installations procedures, and design.

Gernhart, Elzo F.

2005-09-01

225

FORCE2: A state-of-the-art two-phase code for hydrodynamic calculations  

SciTech Connect

A three-dimensional computer code for two-phase flow named FORCE2 has been developed by Babcock and Wilcox (B & W) in close collaboration with Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). FORCE2 is capable of both transient as well as steady-state simulations. This Cartesian coordinates computer program is a finite control volume, industrial grade and quality embodiment of the pilot-scale FLUFIX/MOD2 code and contains features such as three-dimensional blockages, volume and surface porosities to account for various obstructions in the flow field, and distributed resistance modeling to account for pressure drops caused by baffles, distributor plates and large tube banks. Recently computed results demonstrated the significance of and necessity for three-dimensional models of hydrodynamics and erosion. This paper describes the process whereby ANL`s pilot-scale FLUFIX/MOD2 models and numerics were implemented into FORCE2. A description of the quality control to assess the accuracy of the new code and the validation using some of the measured data from Illinois Institute of Technology (UT) and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) are given. It is envisioned that one day, FORCE2 with additional modules such as radiation heat transfer, combustion kinetics and multi-solids together with user-friendly pre- and post-processor software and tailored for massively parallel multiprocessor shared memory computational platforms will be used by industry and researchers to assist in reducing and/or eliminating the environmental and economic barriers which limit full consideration of coal, shale and biomass as energy sources, to retain energy security, and to remediate waste and ecological problems.

Ding, Jianmin; Lyczkowski, R.W. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Burge, S.W. [Babcock and Wilcox Co., Alliance, OH (United States). Research Center

1993-02-01

226

FORCE2: A state-of-the-art two-phase code for hydrodynamic calculations  

SciTech Connect

A three-dimensional computer code for two-phase flow named FORCE2 has been developed by Babcock and Wilcox (B W) in close collaboration with Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). FORCE2 is capable of both transient as well as steady-state simulations. This Cartesian coordinates computer program is a finite control volume, industrial grade and quality embodiment of the pilot-scale FLUFIX/MOD2 code and contains features such as three-dimensional blockages, volume and surface porosities to account for various obstructions in the flow field, and distributed resistance modeling to account for pressure drops caused by baffles, distributor plates and large tube banks. Recently computed results demonstrated the significance of and necessity for three-dimensional models of hydrodynamics and erosion. This paper describes the process whereby ANL's pilot-scale FLUFIX/MOD2 models and numerics were implemented into FORCE2. A description of the quality control to assess the accuracy of the new code and the validation using some of the measured data from Illinois Institute of Technology (UT) and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) are given. It is envisioned that one day, FORCE2 with additional modules such as radiation heat transfer, combustion kinetics and multi-solids together with user-friendly pre- and post-processor software and tailored for massively parallel multiprocessor shared memory computational platforms will be used by industry and researchers to assist in reducing and/or eliminating the environmental and economic barriers which limit full consideration of coal, shale and biomass as energy sources, to retain energy security, and to remediate waste and ecological problems.

Ding, Jianmin; Lyczkowski, R.W. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Burge, S.W. (Babcock and Wilcox Co., Alliance, OH (United States). Research Center)

1993-02-01

227

BUILDING STRONGER STATE ENERGY PARTNERSHIPS WITH THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

SciTech Connect

This technical progress report includes an update of the progress during the third year of cooperative agreement DE-FC26-00NT40802, Building Stronger State Energy Partnerships with the U.S. Department of Energy. The report also describes the barriers in conduct of the effort, and our assessment of future progress and activities. The approach of the project included three tasks during year three. First, NASEO and its Buildings Committee were to focus on raising awareness and coordination of Rebuild activities. Through education, one-on-one communications, and presentations at NASEO meetings and other events, staff and the committee will assist Rebuild officials in stimulating interest in the program and building greater support among State Energy Office Directors. The most recent subtasks added to the project, though not directly related to Rebuild America, fall under this initial task, and support: (a) state plans to implement integrated energy and environmental initiatives, including distributed generation technologies, and (b) initiation of a state collaborative on advanced turbines and hybrid systems. The advanced turbine piece was completed during this year. During the year, a new workplan was accepted by Rebuild America's Dan Sze to supplement the work in this task. This workplan is outlined below. Second, NASEO would work to improve the efficiency of America's schools by assisting states and DOE in promoting projects that result in more energy efficient and clean energy schools and a better learning environment. This task was fully completed during this year. The third task involves energy security issues which NASEO addressed by way of a Summer Fuels Outlook Conference held Tuesday, April 8, 2003. The purpose of this educational event was to inform state, federal, local, and other energy officials about the most recent transportation fuels data and trends. The public benefits part of this task was not funded for Year 3, thus no activity occurred.

Kate Burke

2003-09-01

228

Building Stronger State Energy Partnerships with the U.S. Department of Energy  

SciTech Connect

This final technical report details the results of total work efforts and progress made from July 2000 - July 2008 under the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) cooperative agreement DE-FC26-00NT40802, Building Stronger State Energy Partnerships with the U.S. Department of Energy. Major topical project areas in this final report include work efforts in the following areas: Rebuild America/Energy Smart Schools, Higher Education Initiative, Winter/Summer Fuels Outlook Conferences, Energy Emergency, Clean Energy Integration, Energy Star, and Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability. All required deliverables have been provided to the National Energy Technology Laboratory and DOE program officials.

David Terry

2008-09-30

229

Code of ethics quality: an international comparison of corporate staff support and regulation in Australia, Canada and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to examine the ‘Code of Ethics Quality’ (CEQ) in the largest companies of Australia, Canada and the United States. For this purpose, a proposed CEQ construct has been applied. It appears from the empirical findings that while Australia, Canada and the United States are extremely similar in their economic and social development, there may

Michael Callaghan; Greg Wood; Janice M. Payan; Jang Singh; Göran Svensson

2012-01-01

230

Residents Of The United States: A Study On Status Based On The Internal Revenue Code: Citizenship as a Defense to the \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will focus on the meaning of the terms resident, United States and residence as they are used in the Internal Revenue Code, Title 26 United States Code (U.S.C.). The general meanings of these terms vary depending upon the purpose of the legislation. As will be shown, Congress has expressly defined their meaning in the Internal Revenue Code (hereafter,

Larry M. López

231

Statewide Emissions Reduction, Electricity and Demand Savings from the Implementation of Building-Energy-Codes in Texas  

E-print Network

This paper focuses on the estimate of electricity reduction and electric demand savings from the adoption energy codes for single-family residences in Texas, 2002-2009, corresponding increase in cnstruction costs and estimates of the statewide...

Yazdani, B.; Haberl, J.; Kim, H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Zilbershtein, G.

2012-01-01

232

Prediction of explosive cylinder tests using equations of state from the PANDA code  

SciTech Connect

The PANDA code is used to construct tabular equations of state (EOS) for the detonation products of 24 explosives having CHNO compositions. These EOS, together with a reactive burn model, are used in numerical hydrocode calculations of cylinder tests. The predicted detonation properties and cylinder wall velocities are found to give very good agreement with experimental data. Calculations of flat plate acceleration tests for the HMX-based explosive LX14 are also made and shown to agree well with the measurements. The effects of the reaction zone on both the cylinder and flat plate tests are discussed. For TATB-based explosives, the differences between experiment and theory are consistently larger than for other compositions and may be due to nonideal (finite dimameter) behavior.

Kerley, G.I. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Christian-Frear, T.L. [RE/SPEC, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-09-28

233

76 FR 13101 - Building Energy Codes Program: Presenting and Receiving Comments to DOE Proposed Changes to the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The U. S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is seeking input on potential proposed changes to the draft International Green Construction Code (IgCC). The first edition of the IgCC is currently being developed by the International Code Council (ICC) for anticipated publication in 2012. EERE will be holding a public meeting to present and solicit public......

2011-03-10

234

Codes for the identification of aquifer names and geologic units in the United States and the Caribbean outlying areas  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This standard provides codes to be used for the identification of aquifer names and geologic units in the United States, the Caribbean and other outlying areas. Outlying areas include Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, the Midway Islands, Trust Territories of the Pacific Islands, and miscellaneous Pacific Islands. Each code identifies an aquifer or rock-stratigraphic unit and its age designation. The codes provide a standardized base for use by organizations in the storage, retrieval, and exchange of ground-water data; the indexing and inventory of ground-water data and information; the cataloging of ground-water data acquisition activities; and a variety of other applications.

1985-01-01

235

Codes for the identification of aquifer names and geologic units in the United States and the Caribbean outlying areas  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This standard provides codes to be used for the identification of aquifer names and geologic units in the United States, the Caribbean and other outlying areas. Outlying areas include Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, the Midway Islands, Trust Territories of the Pacific Islands, and miscellaneous Pacific Islands. Each code identifies an aquifer or rock-stratigraphic unit and its age designation. The codes provide a standardized base for use by organizations in the storage, retrieval, and exchange of ground-water data; the indexing and inventory of ground-water data and information; the cataloging of ground-water data acquisition activities; and a variety of other applications.

1988-01-01

236

Energy standards and model codes development, adoption, implementation, and enforcement  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an overview of the energy standards and model codes process for the voluntary sector within the United States. The report was prepared by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the Building Energy Standards Program and is intended to be used as a primer or reference on this process. Building standards and model codes that address energy have been developed by organizations in the voluntary sector since the early 1970s. These standards and model codes provide minimum energy-efficient design and construction requirements for new buildings and, in some instances, existing buildings. The first step in the process is developing new or revising existing standards or codes. There are two overall differences between standards and codes. Energy standards are developed by a consensus process and are revised as needed. Model codes are revised on a regular annual cycle through a public hearing process. In addition to these overall differences, the specific steps in developing/revising energy standards differ from model codes. These energy standards or model codes are then available for adoption by states and local governments. Typically, energy standards are adopted by or adopted into model codes. Model codes are in turn adopted by states through either legislation or regulation. Enforcement is essential to the implementation of energy standards and model codes. Low-rise residential construction is generally evaluated for compliance at the local level, whereas state agencies tend to be more involved with other types of buildings. Low-rise residential buildings also may be more easily evaluated for compliance because the governing requirements tend to be less complex than for commercial buildings.

Conover, D.R.

1994-08-01

237

The State of the State: Building a Better Future for Kansas Kids.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special Kids Count report compares the current well-being of Kansas children to that of children in other states. The statistical portrait is based on a composite rank and 10 indicators of child well-being: (1) percent low birthweight infants; (2) infant mortality rate; (3) child death rate; (4) teen death rate by accident, homicide, and…

Kansas Action for Children, Inc., Topeka.

238

New State Standards  

E-print Network

Texas Energy Codes Update & SECO Resources Felix A. Lopez, P.E Senior Engineer State Energy Conservation Office (SECO) CATEE-2011 Dallas Agenda ? Texas Energy Codes Update ? Chapter 447-TX Government Code ?TX Design Stds....-State-Funded Buildings ?TAC Rules: ?19.31/?19.32/?19.33/?19.34 ? Chapter 388-TX Health & Safety Code ?Texas Building Energy Performance Stds. ?TAC Rules: ?19.53 ? IECC-IRC 2012 ? SECO Resources ?Q&A 2 CATEE-Dallas 11-09-2011 Texas Design Standards...

Lopez, F. A.

2011-01-01

239

Cost-Effective Energy Efficiency Measures for 15% Above 2009 IECC Code-Compliant House for Residential Buildings in TX  

E-print Network

by inserting a radiant barrier in the attic model in a position directly beneath the sloped roof. It was estimated that installing a radiant barrier in an attic would increase the cost by $300 - $880. Building Type Gross Area NAHB (2003) Number of Floors... by inserting a radiant barrier in the attic model in a position directly beneath the sloped roof. It was estimated that installing a radiant barrier in an attic would increase the cost by $300 - $880. Building Type Gross Area NAHB (2003) Number of Floors...

Kim, H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.; Lewis, C.; Yazdani, B.

2011-01-01

240

FRAPCON-2: A Computer Code for the Calculation of Steady State Thermal-Mechanical Behavior of Oxide Fuel Rods  

SciTech Connect

FRAPCON-2 is a FORTRAN IV computer code that calculates the steady state response of light Mater reactor fuel rods during long-term burnup. The code calculates the temperature, pressure, deformation, and tai lure histories of a fuel rod as functions of time-dependent fuel rod power and coolant boundary conditions. The phenomena modeled by the code include (a) heat conduction through the fuel and cladding, (b) cladding elastic and plastic deformation, (c) fuel-cladding mechanical interaction, (d) fission gas release, (e} fuel rod internal gas pressure, (f) heat transfer between fuel and cladding, (g) cladding oxidation, and (h) heat transfer from cladding to coolant. The code contains necessary material properties, water properties, and heat transfer correlations. FRAPCON-2 is programmed for use on the CDC Cyber 175 and 176 computers. The FRAPCON-2 code Is designed to generate initial conditions for transient fuel rod analysis by either the FRAP-T6 computer code or the thermal-hydraulic code, RELAP4/MOD7 Version 2.

Berna, G. A; Bohn, M. P.; Rausch, W. N.; Williford, R. E.; Lanning, D. D.

1981-01-01

241

Family Support: Fostering Leadership and Partnership to Improve Access and Quality. Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series, Number 14  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) has launched a five-year initiative that will support state efforts to build comprehensive early childhood service systems. This initiative--the State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems (SECCS) Initiative--provides planning and implementation grants to the state and territory Maternal and…

Thompson, Lisa; Uyeda, Kimberly

2004-01-01

242

Supplier code of conduct–state-of-the-art and customisation in the electronics industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the field of corporate social responsibility (CSR), one efficient way to improve the ethical behaviour of a company is the implementation of a code of conduct. When focused on suppliers, this code is referred to as the supplier code of conduct (SCoC). Specific, application-oriented research on SCoCs is rare. The main goals of the present article are to define

Josef Oehmen; Mikko De Nardo; Paul Schönsleben; Roman Boutellier

2010-01-01

243

Cost-Effectiveness of Home Energy Retrofits in Pre-Code Vintage Homes in the United States  

SciTech Connect

This analytical study examines the opportunities for cost-effective energy efficiency and renewable energy retrofits in residential archetypes constructed prior to 1980 (Pre-Code) in fourteen U.S. cities. These fourteen cities are representative of each of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) climate zones in the contiguous U.S. The analysis is conducted using an in-house version of EnergyGauge USA v.2.8.05 named CostOpt that has been programmed to perform iterative, incremental economic optimization on a large list of residential energy efficiency and renewable energy retrofit measures. The principle objectives of the study are as follows: to determine the opportunities for cost effective source energy reductions in this large cohort of existing residential building stock as a function of local climate and energy costs; and to examine how retrofit financing alternatives impact the source energy reductions that are cost effectively achievable.

Fairey, P.; Parker, D.

2012-11-01

244

Michigan State Code Adoption Analysis: Cost-Effectiveness of Lighting Requirements - ASHRAE/IESNA 90.1-2004  

SciTech Connect

This report documents PNNL's analysis of the potential energy effect and cost-effectiveness of the lighting requirements in ASHRAE/IESNA 90.1-2004 if this energy code is adopted in the state of Michigan, instead of the current standard.

Richman, Eric E.

2006-09-29

245

Building the capacity for public engagement with science in the United States.  

PubMed

This paper reviews efforts of the Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University (CNS-ASU) to begin to build capacity for public engagement with science in the United States. First, the paper sets a context in the US of the current challenges to democracy and for science. It then reviews the literature on the accomplishments of the National Citizens' Technology Forum (NCTF) on nanotechnology and human enhancement, held in 2008, as well as some caveats that emerged from that enterprise. It concludes with a brief discussion of two kinds of activities - participation in the World Wide Views process organized by the Danish Board of Technology, and methodological innovations that include more concrete and experiential modes of engagement - that have spun off from the NCTF. PMID:24434713

Guston, David H

2014-01-01

246

What's coming in 2012 codes  

E-print Network

The 2012 IECC America?s Model Building Energy Code November 9, 2011 Presentation to Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference Dallas, TX Eric Lacey Responsible Energy Codes Alliance Responsible Energy Codes Alliance ? A broad... ? Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance ? Southwest Energy Efficiency Project Why Building Energy Codes Matter Why Building Energy Codes Matter ? Share of Energy Consumed by Major Sectors of the Economy (2010) Source: U.S. Energy Information...

Lacey, E

2011-01-01

247

Historic building documentation in the united states, 1933-2000: the historic american buildings survey, a case study  

E-print Network

fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved as to style and content by: __________________________ David Woodcock (Chair of Committee) __________________________ Mardelle... Case Study. (May 2005) Tanya Wattenburg Komas, B.S., University of California, Davis; M.S., Columbia University Chair of Advisory Committee: Professor David Woodcock The objective of the study was to gain new insight into archival building...

Komas, Tanya Wattenburg

2005-08-29

248

Realization of UML Class and State Machine Models in the C# Code Generation and Execution Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many benefits are expected due to usage of code generation tools. A reliable application should be created effectively based on complex structural and behavioral models. Model driven approach for program development is realized in Framework for eXecutable UML (FXU). The tool transforms UML models into C# source code and supports execution of the application reflecting the behavioral model. The framework

Anna Derezinska; Romuald Pilitowski

2009-01-01

249

Cost-Effective Energy Efficiency Measures for Above Code (2003 and 2009 IECC) Residential Buildings in the City of Arlington  

E-print Network

of the improvement, #1; simple payback calculations, and #1; emissions savings. 2 ESL-TR-11-08-03 ENERGY SYSTEMS LABORATORY Methodology 3 #1; ESL simulation model based on the DOE-2.1e of 2003 and 2009 IECC code-compliant, single family residence for Tarrant... to .2 SHGC & from .5 to .3 U-Value) 4 kW Photovoltaic Array 100% Energy Star Permanent CFL or Fluorescent Indoor Lamps 75% Energy Star Permanent CFL or Fluorescent Indoor Lamps Solar Domestic Hot Water System (64 sq. ft. collector, 80 gal tank) Solar...

2011-01-01

250

Building Stronger State Partnerships with the US Department of Energy (Energy Assurance)  

SciTech Connect

From 2007 until 2011, the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) engaged in a partnership with the National Energy Technology Lab (NETL) to improve State-Federal coordination on electricity policy and energy assurance issues. This project allowed State Public Utility Commissioners and their staffs to engage on the most cutting-edge level in the arenas of energy assurance and electricity policy. Four tasks were outlined in the Statement of Performance Objectives: Task 1 - Training for Commissions on Critical Infrastructure Topics; Task 2 - Analyze and Implement Recommendations on Energy Assurance Issues; Task 3 - Ongoing liaison activities & outreach to build stronger networks between federal agencies and state regulators; and Task 4 - Additional Activities. Although four tasks were prescribed, in practice these tasks were carried out under two major activity areas: the critical infrastructure and energy assurance partnership with the US Department of Energy's Infrastructure Security and Emergency Response office, and the National Council on Electricity Policy, a collaborative which since 1994 has brought together State and Federal policymakers to address the most pressing issues facing the grid from restructuring to smart grid implementation. On Critical Infrastructure protection, this cooperative agreement helped State officials yield several important advances. The lead role on NARUC's side was played by our Committee on Critical Infrastructure Protection. Key lessons learned in this arena include the following: (1) Tabletops and exercises work - They improve the capacity of policymakers and their industry counterparts to face the most challenging energy emergencies, and thereby equip these actors with the capacity to face everything up to that point as well. (2) Information sharing is critical - Connecting people who need information with people who have information is a key success factor. However, exposure of critical infrastructure information to bad actors also creates new vulnerabilities. (3) Tensions exist between the transparency-driven basis of regulatory activity and the information-protection requirements of asset protection. (4) Coordination between states is a key success factor - Because comparatively little federal authority exists over electricity and other energy infrastructure, the interstate nature of these energy grids defy centralized command and control governance. Patchwork responses are a risk when addressed at a state-by-state level. Coordination is the key to ensuring consistent response to shared threats. In Electricity Policy, the National Council on Electricity Policy continued to make important strides forward. Coordinated electricity policy among States remains the best surrogate for an absent national electricity policy. In every area from energy efficiency to clean coal, State policies are driving the country's electricity policy, and regional responses to climate change, infrastructure planning, market operation, and new technology deployment depend on a forum for bringing the States together.

Mike Keogh

2011-09-30

251

Agency Codes for the Auditor of the State Suggestion: Use "Find Cxxx" in Anticipated Bank Deposits Report to look for expected payments from a State  

E-print Network

Plainfield Correctional Facility 066 State Office Building Commission 405 Family and Social Services, Indiana 015 Lobby Registration Comm., Indiana 220 Workers' Comp. Board 580 Soldiers' and Sailors' Children Facility 038 Lieutenant Governor, Office of the 270 Attorney Trust Account Board 640 Women's Prison 039

Ginzel, Matthew

252

‘A strong and prosperous condition’ — the geography of state building and social reform in Peter the Great's Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The point is often made that the rise of the modern state in Europe provided models which have been influential, if not actually copied, across much of the rest of the world. In Russia during the reign of Peter the Great (1682–1725), not only was the tsar aware of the European experience of state building, but consciously strove to base

Denis J. B Shaw

1999-01-01

253

Cost-Effective Energy Efficiency Measures for Above Code(ASHRAE 90.1-2001 and 2007) Small Office Buildings in the City of Arlington  

E-print Network

& 10.8 EER to 18 SEER & 12.6 EER) 3.5% 4.1% $796 6.6% $227 $1,023 $12,288 - $18,432 12.0 - 18.0 8 Improved Furnace Eff iciency (from 80% to 90% Et) 2.0% 0.8% $102 0.0% $0 $102 $7,900 - $11,850 77.3 - 115.9 9 Improved Fan Eff iciency (from 55% to 65....8 EER to 18 SEER & 12.6 EER) $12,288 - $18,432 6 CO2 Based Demand-Controlled Ventilation (DCV) $7,367 - $11,051 Note: [ASHRAE 90.1-2001 Code-Compliant Building Description] 1. Total energy savings from heating, cooling, lighting, equipment...

Kim, H.; Do, S.; Kim, K.H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.S.; Lewis, C.

254

Cost-Effective Energy Efficiency Measures for Above Code (ASHRAE 90.1-2001 and 2007) Small Retail Buildings in the City of Arlington (Presentation) (Revised) , Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A&M University.  

E-print Network

COST-EFFECTIVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY MEASURES FOR ABOVE CODE (ASHRAE 90.1-2001 and 2007) SMALL RETAIL BUILDINGS IN THE CITY OF ARLINGTON A Research Project for the City of Arlington ENERGY SYSTEMS LABORATORY Texas Engineering Experiment Station Texas... and 2007 code-compliant, small retail building for Tarrant County ? A total of 16 energy efficiency measures (EEMs) ? Solar measures using PV-F Chart and F-Chart programs ? Implementation costs of each measure with simple payback 3 ESL-TR-11-10-06 ENERGY...

Kim, H.; Do, S; Kim, K.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J.; Lewis, C.

2011-01-01

255

Going Beyond a RESNET Certification for Code-Compliant Simulations: A Comparison of Detailed Results of Three RESNET-Certified, Code-Compliant Residential Simulation Programs  

E-print Network

GOING BEYOND A RESNET CERTIFICATION FOR CODE-COMPLIANT SIMULATIONS: A COMPARISON OF DETAILED RESULTS OF THREE RESNET- CERTIFIED, CODE-COMPLIANT RESIDENTIAL SIMULATION PROGRAMS Zi Liu, Hyojin Kim, Mini Malhotra, Jaya Mukhopadhyay, Juan...-Carlos Baltazar, Jeff Haberl, Charles Culp, Bahman Yazdani, Cynthia Montgomery Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A&M University ABSTRACT In many states building code officials rely on certified, code-compliant simulations to determine whether or not a...

Liu, Z.; Kim, H.; Malhotra, M.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Montgomery, C.

256

Robust linear receivers for space-time block coded multiaccess MIMO systems with imperfect channel state information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, several linear receiver algorithms have been developed for space-time block-coded multiaccess multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless communication systems. All these techniques are based on the assumption that the channel state information (CSI) at the receiver side is perfect. However, in practical situations, the available CSI may be imperfect because of channel estimation errors and\\/or outdated training. In this paper, we

Yue Rong; Shahram Shahbazpanahi; Alex B. Gershman

2005-01-01

257

g--factors of Yrast States in ^152Gd and Predictions of the Winther-DeBoer Coulex Code  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The g factors of the 2^+1 and 4^+1 states in ^152Gd have been measured via the Transient Hyperfine Field method in which the recoiling nucleus traversing a ferromagnet foil experiences a large magnetic field. The states were populated by Coulomb excitation with a ^58Ni beam. Since the method relies on knowledge of the population of the states during the transit time of the Gd nuclei through the ferromagnet, the Winther-deBoer Coulomb excitation code (Coulex) has been used to model the feeding, which is then compared with the measured populations. Some versions of Coulex include a factor of i^? (i^? +1) in the definition of the electric (magnetic) multipole matrix elements while others do not. It is therefore important to be aware of whatever convention is adopted in the particular code being used, and modify the code to the desired convention, if necessary. The significance of the phase convention will be discussed in conjunction with the results of the g factor measurement.

Matt, N.; Holden, J.; Kumbartzki, G.; Mayer, R. H.; Satteson, M.; Benczer-Koller, N.; Tanczyn, R.

1996-10-01

258

Building-integrated photovoltaics  

SciTech Connect

This is a study of the issues and opportunities for building-integrated PV products, seen primarily from the perspective of the design community. Although some quantitative analysis is included, and limited interviews are used, the essence of the study is qualitative and subjective. It is intended as an aid to policy makers and members of the technical community in planning and setting priorities for further study and product development. It is important to remember that the success of a product in the building market is not only dependent upon its economic value; the diverse group of building owners, managers, regulators, designers, tenants and users must also find it practical, aesthetically appealing and safe. The report is divided into 11 sections. A discussion of technical and planning considerations is followed by illustrative diagrams of different wall and roof assemblies representing a range of possible PV-integration schemes. Following the diagrams, several of these assemblies are then applied to a conceptual test building which is analyzed for PV performance. Finally, a discussion of mechanical/electrical building products incorporating PVs is followed by a brief surveys of cost issues, market potential and code implications. The scope of this report is such that most of the discussion does not go beyond stating the questions. A more detailed analysis will be necessary to establish the true costs and benefits PVs may provide to buildings, taking into account PV power revenue, construction costs, and hidden costs and benefits to building utility and marketability.

NONE

1993-01-01

259

How to Build a Time Machine: Interfacing Hydrodynamics, Ionization Calculations and X-ray Spectral Codes for Supernova Remnants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thanks to Chandra and XMM-Newton, spatially resolved spectroscopy of SNRsin the X-ray band has become a reality. Several impressive data sets forejecta-dominated SNRs can now be found in the archives, the Cas A VLP justbeing one (albeit probably the most spectacular) example. However, it isoften hard to establish quantitative, unambiguous connections between theX-ray observations of SNRs and the dramatic events involved in a corecollapse or thermonuclear SN explosion. The reason for this is that thevery high quality of the data sets generated by Chandra and XMM for thelikes of Cas A, SNR 292.0+1.8, Tycho, and SN 1006 has surpassed our abilityto analyze them. The core of the problem is in the transient nature of theplasmas in SNRs, which results in anintimate relationship between the structure of the ejecta and AM, the SNRdynamics arising from their interaction, and the ensuing X-rayemission. Thus, the ONLY way to understand the X-ray observations ofejecta-dominated SNRs at all levels, from the spatially integrated spectrato the subarcsecond scales that can be resolved by Chandra, is to couplehydrodynamic simulations to nonequilibrium ionization (NEI) calculationsand X-ray spectral codes. I will review the basic ingredients that enterthis kind of calculations, and what are the prospects for using them tounderstand the X-ray emission from the shocked ejecta in young SNRs. Thisunderstanding (when it is possible), can turn SNRs into veritable timemachines, revealing the secrets of the titanic explosions that generatedthem hundreds of years ago.

Badenes, Carlos

2006-02-01

260

Planning for the State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Initiative (SECCS): An Environmental Scan of Opportunities and Readiness for Building Systems. Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series, No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report outlines the national and state environmental context for the SECCS Initiative in supporting MCH strategic planning in early childhood systems building. This strategic context has implications for roles, relationships, and activities within a planning process and ultimately an implementation process. It summarizes the opportunities and…

Halfon, Neal; Uyeda, Kimberly; Inkelas, Moira; Kumar, Vani; Tullis, Ericka; Rice, Thomas

2004-01-01

261

A Characterization of Mobility and State Distribution in Mobile Code Languages  

E-print Network

(remote) component that acts as a ``code server''. This paper does not discuss the pros and cons­contained computing devices accessing local resources which, occasionally, communicate with each other; rather, they are part of a global computing platform, built upon a synergy of local and remote re­ sources, whose

Cugola, Gianpaolo

262

Moral philosophy and managerial perceptions of ethics codes : Evidence from Peru and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to assess the impact of cultural differences on managerial attitudes about moral philosophies and ethics codes, accomplished through a sample of US and Peruvian managers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Managerial attitudes about moral philosophies are assessed in Peru and the USA. Specifically, the cultural dimension individualism vs collectivism is integrated with the moral philosophies

Christopher Robertson; Scott Geiger

2011-01-01

263

NASA Glen Steady-State Heat Pipe Code Users Manual, DOS Input. Version 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The heat pipe code LERCHP has been revised, corrected, and extended. New features include provisions for pipes with curvature and bends in "G" fields. Heat pipe limits are examined in detail and limit envelopes are shown for some sodium and lithium-filled heat pipes. Refluxing heat pipes and gas-loaded or variable conductance heat pipes were not considered.

Tower, Leonard K.

2000-01-01

264

SALT (System Analysis Language Translater): A steady state and dynamic systems code  

Microsoft Academic Search

SALT (System Analysis Language Translater) is a lumped parameter approach to system analysis which is totally modular. The modules are all precompiled and only the main program, which is generated by SALT, needs to be compiled for each unique system configuration. This is a departure from other lumped parameter codes where all models are written by MACROS and then compiled

G. Berry; H. Geyer

1983-01-01

265

FIVE-DIGIT ZIP CODE BOUNDARIES FOR THE CONTERMINOUS UNITED STATES  

EPA Science Inventory

The Five-Digit ZIP (Zoning Improvement Plan) Code boundary layer (zip5) is derived from the Geographic Data Technology (GDT), Inc. ZIP Boundary and Inventory Files (v. 5.0) and stored in the EPA Spatial Data Library System (ESDLS). This layer contains data for the conterminous U...

266

Refined error concealment for multiple state video coding over ad hoc networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing reliable end-to-end video communications over wireless ad-hoc networks is a challenging problem due to the highly dynamic topology of the ad-hoc networks and the unreliable wireless channels. Multiple description coding (MDC) with path diversity is often proposed to maintain connectivity but the challenge is to match the chosen MDC method with an effective error concealment scheme. The paper proposes

Yiting Liao; Jerry D. Gibson

2008-01-01

267

Build Less Code, Deliver More Science: An Experience Report on Composing Scientific Environments using Component-based and Commodity Software Platforms  

SciTech Connect

Modern scientific software is daunting in its diversity and complexity. From massively parallel simulations running on the world’s largest supercomputers, to visualizations and user support environments that manage ever growing complex data collections, the challenges for software engineers are plentiful. While high performance simulators are necessarily specialized codes to maximize performance on specific supercomputer architectures, we argue the vast majority of supporting infrastructure, data management and analysis tools can leverage commodity open source and component-based technologies. This approach can significantly drive down the effort and costs of building complex, collaborative scientific user environments, as well as increase their reliability and extensibility. In this paper we describe our experiences in creating an initial user environment for scientists involved in modeling the detailed effects of climate change on the environment of selected geographical regions. Our approach composes the user environment using the Velo scientific knowledge management platform and the MeDICi Integration Framework for scientific workflows. These established platforms leverage component-based technologies and extend commodity open source platforms with abstractions and capabilities that make them amenable for broad use in science. Using this approach we were able to deliver an operational user environment capable of running thousands of simulations in a 7 month period, and achieve significant software reuse.

Gorton, Ian; Liu, Yan; Lansing, Carina S.; Elsethagen, Todd O.; Kleese van Dam, Kerstin

2013-07-17

268

Free Code  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Free Code, a service of Andover.Net, is a large index of Internet-related software tool source code. The tools are written in C/C++, Perl, Java, or Visual Basic, and are free for personal and commercial use. They range from handy Perl CGI scripts to Java-based graphics packages. Each tool in the index is briefly described, characterized by language and operating system, and linked to both the home page for the tool and the source code. The total lack of documentation for the search engine makes useful queries hard to create, but the tools are still easy-to-find. This is a very useful index for anyone building Internet or Web-based applications.

269

Building sector: state of the market and two models on how to reach it  

SciTech Connect

Two subjects related to marketing solar energy in the buildings sector are discussed: first, the market size defined in terms of number of housing units and square feet of commercial floor space and their energy use characteristics and, second, several models SERI has developed and is using to move solar energy/energy efficiency into the mainstream of residential and commercial building construction. (MHR)

Holtz, M.J.

1980-08-30

270

Application of latent heat thermal energy storage in buildings: State-of-the-art and outlook  

Microsoft Academic Search

Latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) is becoming more and more attractive for space heating and cooling of buildings. The application of LHTES in buildings has the following advantages: (1) the ability to narrow the gap between the peak and off-peak loads of electricity demand; (2) the ability to save operative fees by shifting the electrical consumption from peak periods

Yinping Zhang; Guobing Zhou; Kunping Lin; Qunli Zhang; Hongfa Di

2007-01-01

271

Principles of effective team building interventions in sport: A direct services approach at Penn State University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Team building is an ongoing, multifaceted process where group members learn how to work together for a common goal, and share pertinent information regarding the quality of team functioning for the purpose of establishing more effective ways of operating. This article describes a “hands on” approach to conducting team building interventions in sport. Drawing on reserurh from organizational development and

David Yukelson

1997-01-01

272

OpenMC: A State-of-the-Art Monte Carlo Code for Research and Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper gives an overview of OpenMC, an open source Monte Carlo particle transport code recently developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. OpenMC uses continuous-energy cross sections and a constructive solid geometry representation, enabling high-fidelity modeling of nuclear reactors and other systems. Modern, portable input/output file formats are used in OpenMC: XML for input, and HDF5 for output. High performance parallel algorithms in OpenMC have demonstrated near-linear scaling to over 100,000 processors on modern supercomputers. Other topics discussed in this paper include plotting, CMFD acceleration, variance reduction, eigenvalue calculations, and software development processes.

Romano, Paul K.; Horelik, Nicholas E.; Herman, Bryan R.; Nelson, Adam G.; Forget, Benoit; Smith, Kord

2014-06-01

273

Statistical Analysis and Interpretation of Building Characterization, Indoor Environmental Quality Monitoring and Energy Usage Data from Office Buildings and Classrooms in the United States  

SciTech Connect

Three independent tasks had been performed (Stetzenbach 2008, Stetzenbach 2008b, Stetzenbach 2009) to measure a variety of parameters in normative buildings across the United States. For each of these tasks 10 buildings were selected as normative indoor environments. Task 1 focused on office buildings, Task 13 focused on public schools, and Task 0606 focused on high performance buildings. To perform this task it was necessary to restructure the database for the Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) data and the Sound measurement as several issues were identified and resolved prior to and during the transfer of these data sets into SPSS. During overview discussions with the statistician utilized in this task it was determined that because the selection of indoor zones (1-6) was independently selected within each task; zones were not related by location across tasks. Therefore, no comparison would be valid across zones for the 30 buildings so the by location (zone) data were limited to three analysis sets of the buildings within each task. In addition, differences in collection procedures for lighting were used in Task 0606 as compared to Tasks 01 & 13 to improve sample collection. Therefore, these data sets could not be merged and compared so effects by-day data were run separately for Task 0606 and only Task 01 & 13 data were merged. Results of the statistical analysis of the IEQ parameters show statistically significant differences were found among days and zones for all tasks, although no differences were found by-day for Draft Rate data from Task 0606 (p>0.05). Thursday measurements of IEQ parameters were significantly different from Tuesday, and most Wednesday measures for all variables of Tasks 1 & 13. Data for all three days appeared to vary for Operative Temperature, whereas only Tuesday and Thursday differed for Draft Rate 1m. Although no Draft Rate measures within Task 0606 were found to significantly differ by-day, Temperature measurements for Tuesday and Thursday showed variation. Moreover, Wednesday measurements of Relative Humidity within Task 0606 varied significantly from either Tuesday or Thursday. The majority of differences in IEQ measurements by-zone were highly significant (p<0.001), with the exception of Relative Humidity in some buildings. When all task data were combined (30 buildings) neither the airborne culturable fungi nor the airborne non-culturable spore data differed in the concentrations found at any indoor location in terms of day of collection. However, the concentrations of surface-associated fungi varied among the day of collection. Specifically, there was a lower concentration of mold on Tuesday than on Wednesday, for all tasks combined. As expected, variation was found in the concentrations of both airborne culturable fungi and airborne non-culturable fungal spores between indoor zones (1-6) and the outdoor zone (zone 0). No variation was found among the indoor zones of office buildings for Task 1 in the concentrations of airborne culturable fungi. However, airborne non-culturable spores did vary among zones in one building in Task 1 and variation was noted between zones in surface-associated fungi. Due to the lack of multiple lighting measurements for Tasks 13 and 0606, by-day comparisons were only performed for Task 1. No statistical differences were observed in lighting with respect to the day of collection. There was a wide range of variability by-zone among seven of the office buildings. Although few differences were found for the brightest illumination of the worksurface (IllumWkSfcBrtst) and the darkest illumination of the worksurface (IllumWkSfcDrkst) in Task 1, there was considerable variation for these variables in Task 13 and Task 0606 (p < 0.001). Other variables that differed by-zone in Task 13 include CombCCT and AmbCCT1 for S03, S07, and S08. Additionally, AmbChromX1, CombChromY, and CombChromX varied by-zone for school buildings S02, S04, and S05, respectively. Although all tasks demonstrated significant differences in sound measurements by zone, some of the buil

Linda Stetzenbach; Lauren Nemnich; Davor Novosel

2009-08-31

274

Title 16 united states code §55 and its implications for management of concession facilities in Yosemite National Park  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Yosemite National Park is one of the nation's most scenic and ecologically/geologically important parks. Unfortunately, the park is subject to extensive development of concession facilities and associated high levels of visitor use. Those concerned with preservation of the park's resources have attempted to limit the types and extent of such facilities to reduce adverse impacts. Strictly speaking, resolution of the preservation versus use controversy must be based on whether the National Park Service is adhering to its legislative mandate to regulate development and use in the parks. The common interpretation of legislative mandates for national parks, including Yosemite, is that they call for a difficult balancing between the conflicting goals of preservation and use. Accordingly, although concession developments cause significant impacts, they usually have been interpreted to be within the legal discretion allowed the secretary of the interior. However, the usual interpretations of the meanings of legislative mandates for Yosemite National Park have not considered Title 16 United States Code §55, which is a very restrictive statute limiting concession facilities. Many of the limitations imposed on concession facilities by the plain language of the statute have been exceeded. If it can be shown that 16 United States Code §55 is a valid statute, the policy implications for park management in Yosemite National Park would be considerable — namely, that significant reductions in concession facilities could be required. This article examines whether the statute can reasonably be thought to be valid and encourages others to conduct further examination of this question.

Lemons, John

1987-08-01

275

Comparison of Standard 90.1-2007 and the 2009 IECC with Respect to Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) has been asked by some states and energy code stakeholders to address the comparability of the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code® (IECC) as applied to commercial buildings and ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2007 (hereinafter referred to as Standard 90.1-07). An assessment of comparability will help states respond to and implement conditions specified in the State Energy Program (SEP) Formula Grants American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Funding Opportunity, Number DE-FOA-0000052, and eliminate the need for the states individually or collectively to perform comparative studies of the 2009 IECC and Standard 90.1-07. The funding opportunity announcement contains the following conditions: (2) The State, or the applicable units of local government that have authority to adopt building codes, will implement the following: (A) A residential building energy code (or codes) that meets or exceeds the most recent International Energy Conservation Code, or achieves equivalent or greater energy savings. (B) A commercial building energy code (or codes) throughout the State that meets or exceeds the ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2007, or achieves equivalent or greater energy savings . (C) A plan to achieve 90 percent compliance with the above energy codes within eight years. This plan will include active training and enforcement programs and annual measurement of the rate of compliance. With respect to item (B) above, many more states, regardless of the edition date, directly adopt the IECC than Standard 90.1-07. This is predominately because the IECC is a model code and part of a coordinated set of model building codes that state and local government have historically adopted to regulate building design and construction. This report compares the 2009 IECC to Standard 90.1-07 with the intent of helping states address whether the adoption and application of the 2009 IECC for commercial buildings can be considered equivalent to the adoption and application of Standard 90.1-07. Based on this document, states adopting the 2009 IECC, which is the document cited in (A), above, for residential construction, can also determine if they are in compliance with the above provisions for commercial buildings in (B) above and if their code meets or exceeds the ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-07.

Conover, David R.; Bartlett, Rosemarie; Halverson, Mark A.

2009-12-11

276

State-of-the-art of lightning protection system of high-rise building in Jakarta  

Microsoft Academic Search

Situated along equatorial-line region Indonesia is exposed to lightning with relative high isokeraunic level. Hence, high reliable lightning system becomes compulsory for high-rise buildings, which are subject to lightning strike with relative high probability. However, in fact, this is not the case when we realize the quality of lightning protection system installed within most of high-rise building at a glance

D. Darwanto; D. Hamdani

2011-01-01

277

Building on Family Strengths: Research and Services in Support of Children and Their Families. Proceedings of the Building on Family Strengths Annual Conference (14th, Portland, Oregon, May 31-June 2, 2007) and State of the Science Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The State of the Science conference was held in May, 2007 as part of the ongoing series of national conferences, "Building on Family Strengths," conducted by the Research and Training Center on Family Support and Children's Mental Health at Portland State University. The theme of this State-of-the Science conference was "Effective services for all…

Swart, Sandra, Ed.; Friesen, Barbara, Ed.; Holman, Ariel, Ed.; Aue, Nicole, Ed.

2009-01-01

278

An implicit steady-state initialization package for the RELAP5 computer code  

SciTech Connect

A direct steady-state initialization (DSSI) method has been developed and implemented in the RELAP5 hydrodynamic analysis program. It provides a means for users to specify a small set of initial conditions which are then propagated through the remainder of the system. The DSSI scheme utilizes the steady-state form of the RELAP5 balance equations for nonequilibrium two-phase flow. It also employs the RELAP5 component models and constitutive model packages for wall-to-phase and interphase momentum and heat exchange. A fully implicit solution of the linearized hydrodynamic equations is implemented. An implicit coupling scheme is used to augment the standard steady-state heat conduction solution for steam generator use. It solves the primary-side tube region energy equations, heat conduction equations, wall heat flux boundary conditions, and overall energy balance equation as a coupled system of equations and improves convergence. The DSSI method for initializing RELAP5 problems to steady-state conditions has been compared with the transient solution scheme using a suite of test problems including; adiabatic single-phase liquid and vapor flow through channels with and without healing and area changes; a heated two-phase test bundle representative of BWR core conditions; and a single-loop PWR model.

Paulsen, M.P.; Peterson, C.E.; Odar, F.

1995-08-01

279

GIBBS2: A new version of the quasiharmonic model code. II. Models for solid-state thermodynamics, features and implementation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the second article of the series, we present the GIBBS2 code, a Fortran90 reimplementation of the original GIBBS program [Comput. Phys. Commun. 158 (2004) 57] for the calculation of pressure-temperature dependent thermodynamic properties of solids under the quasiharmonic approximation. We have taken advantage of the detailed analysis carried out in the first paper to implement robust fitting techniques. In addition, new models to introduce temperature effects have been incorporated, from the simple Debye model contained in the original article to a full quasiharmonic model that requires the phonon density of states at each calculated volume. Other interesting novel features include the empirical energy corrections, that rectify systematic errors in the calculation of equilibrium volumes caused by the choice of the exchange-correlation functional, the electronic contributions to the free energy and the automatic computation of phase diagrams. Full documentation in the form of a user's guide and a complete set of tests and sample data are provided along with the source code. Program summaryProgram title:GIBBS2 Catalogue identifier: AEJI_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEJI_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: GNU General Public License, v3 No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 936 087 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 8 596 671 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Fortran90 Computer: Any running Unix/Linux Operating system: Unix, GNU/Linux Classification: 7.8 External routines: Part of the minpack, pppack and slatec libraries (downloaded from www.netlib.org) are distributed along with the program. Nature of problem: Given the static E(V) curve, and possibly vibrational information such as the phonon density of states, calculate the equilibrium volume and thermodynamic properties of a solid at arbitrary temperatures and pressures in the framework of the quasiharmonic approximation. Additional comments: A detailed analysis concerning the fitting of equations of state has been carried out in the first part of this article, and implemented in the code presented here. Running time: The tests provided only take a few seconds to run.

Otero-de-la-Roza, A.; Abbasi-Pérez, David; Luaña, Víctor

2011-10-01

280

The goals of community-based corrections: An analysis of state legal codes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increased reliance on community-based correctional programs has been influenced by rising offender populations and the\\u000a need for states to lessen prison crowding. The ability of community-based corrections to provide rehabilitation, punishment,\\u000a reintegration, and counseling services has been an issue among both researchers and administrators. Some researchers have\\u000a asserted that community-based correctional programs have multiple or competing functions. This study

W. Wesley Johnson; R. Gregory Dunaway; Velmer S. Burton; James W. Marquait; Steven J. Cuvelier

1994-01-01

281

Quantum coding  

Microsoft Academic Search

A theorem is proven for quantum information theory that is analogous to the noiseless coding theorem of classical information theory. In the quantum result, the von Neumann entropy S of the density operator describing an ensemble of pure quantum signal states is equal to the number of spin-1\\/2 systems (``quantum bits'' or ``qubits'') necessary to represent the signal faithfully. The

Benjamin Schumacher

1995-01-01

282

Building an IT community at Louisiana State University: collaboration and partnership strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2004\\/2005, Information Technology Services, LSU's central IT department had, at best, a tenuous relationship with the 150+ department IT professional staff on campus. Meager attempts had been made to notify campus IT staff of outages and policy changes, but no major headway had been made in devoting focused energy on building rapport and a focused customer relationship with these

Karen Sirman

2009-01-01

283

Student Health Services Oregon State University, 201 Plageman Building, Corvallis, Oregon 97331-8567  

E-print Network

(preferred method) Hand deliver to main check in area at SHS in Plageman building or SHS at Dixon) OSU ID DOB Gender Height Weight Reason for visit (please circle all that apply): General Food/Drink description Amount eaten Location Fullness after meal 010 scale: 0=starving 10

Tullos, Desiree

284

Impact of the FY 2009 Building Technologies Program on United States Employment and Earned Income  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of subprograms on national employment and income. A special purpose input-output model called ImSET is used in this study of 14 Building Technologies Program subprograms in the EERE final FY 2009 budget request to the Office

Olga V. Livingston; Michael J. Scott; Donna J. Hostick; Katherine A. Cort; Douglas B. Elliott

2008-01-01

285

NC STATE ENGINEERINGwww.engr.ncsu.edu/magazine20 21 ENGINEERING BUILDING I  

E-print Network

's inside: Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering Fun fact: EB I is a very. KEYSTONE SCIENCE CENTER Opened: 2010 What's inside: 72,000 sq.ft. Class "A" laboratory and office building ways to use nanotechnology. WOLF RIDGE AT CENTENNIAL Opened: 2013 What's inside: Apartment living

286

Getting Socialized to Build Bridges: Constructivism and Rationalism, Europe and the Nation-State  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building on the empirical findings of the preceding articles, we advance three arguments. First, while socialization research has typically been construed as constructivism s home turf, this volume s emphasis on mechanisms and scope conditions reveals that rational choice has much to contribute here as well. We develop this claim by undertaking a double interpretation of each essay, which allows

Michael Z rn; Jeffrey T. Checkel

2005-01-01

287

Foundations as honest brokers between market, state and nonprofits through building social capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The ability of foundations to build social capital has been considered insufficiently. Using a case study design describing a successful project with a network structure, this study presents abilities and characteristics of foundations that allow them to develop networks, norms, and trust, the core components of social capital. Based on 20 interviews, the findings come from a project of

Georg von Schnurbein

2010-01-01

288

"Boss of the United States" Kindergarteners' Concept of Voting: Five Scaffolded Lessons that Build Understanding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In any U.S. presidential election year, classroom teachers integrate lessons into their curriculum that help students understand their privileges, responsibilities, and rights as good citizens. Teaching about the electoral process and voting in primary classrooms is one way to build a foundation that promotes civic engagement. In this article, the…

Mulrey, Betty C.; Ackerman, Ann T.; Howson, Patricia H.

2012-01-01

289

FRAPCON-3: A computer code for the calculation of steady-state, thermal-mechanical behavior of oxide fuel rods for high burnup  

SciTech Connect

FRAPCON-3 is a FORTRAN IV computer code that calculates the steady-state response of light water reactor fuel rods during long-term burnup. The code calculates the temperature, pressure, and deformation of a fuel rod as functions of time-dependent fuel rod power and coolant boundary conditions. The phenomena modeled by the code include (1) heat conduction through the fuel and cladding, (2) cladding elastic and plastic deformation, (3) fuel-cladding mechanical interaction, (4) fission gas release, (5) fuel rod internal gas pressure, (6) heat transfer between fuel and cladding, (7) cladding oxidation, and (8) heat transfer from cladding to coolant. The code contains necessary material properties, water properties, and heat-transfer correlations. The codes` integral predictions of mechanical behavior have not been assessed against a data base, e.g., cladding strain or failure data. Therefore, it is recommended that the code not be used for analyses of cladding stress or strain. FRAPCON-3 is programmed for use on both mainframe computers and UNIX-based workstations such as DEC 5000 or SUN Sparcstation 10. It is also programmed for personal computers with FORTRAN compiler software and at least 8 to 10 megabytes of random access memory (RAM). The FRAPCON-3 code is designed to generate initial conditions for transient fuel rod analysis by the FRAPTRAN computer code (formerly named FRAP-T6).

Berna, G.A.; Beyer, G.A.; Davis, K.L.; Lanning, D.D.

1997-12-01

290

Commercial Energy Code Enforcement in Oregon and Washington  

E-print Network

COMUERCIAL ENERGY CODE ENFORCEMENT IN OREGON AND WASHINGTON WILL MILLER )(AURA O'NEILL UARK JOHNSON TECHNICAL DIRECTOR PRESIDENT PUBLIC UTILITIES SPECIALIST PORTLAND ENERGY CONSERVATION, IWC . , O'NEILL 6 CO., INC., BONNEVILLE POWER... ADHINISTBATION PORTLAND, OREGON SEATTLE, WASHINGTON PORTLAND. OREGON In recent years. many states and local jurisdictions have passed mandatory building codes to achieve energy efficiency in new construction. All too often the political bodies that pass...

Johnson, M.; Miller, W.; O'Neill, M.

1988-01-01

291

DNA sequencing and bar-coding using solid-state nanopores  

PubMed Central

Nanopores have emerged as a prominent single-molecule analytic tool with particular promise for genomic applications. In this review, we discuss two potential applications of the nanopore sensors: First, we present a nanopore-based single-molecule DNA sequencing method that utilizes optical detection for massively parallel throughput. Second, we describe a method by which nanopores can be used as single-molecule genotyping tools. For DNA sequencing, the distinction among the four types of DNA nucleobases is achieved by employing a biochemical procedure for DNA expansion. In this approach, each nucleobase in each DNA strand is converted into one of four predefined unique 16-mers in a process that preserves the nucleobase sequence. The resulting converted strands are then hybridized to a library of four molecular beacons, each carrying a unique fluorophore tag, that are perfect complements to the 16-mers used for conversion. Solid-state nanopores are then used to sequentially remove these beacons, one after the other, leading to a series of photon bursts in four colors that can be optically detected. Single-molecule genotyping is achieved by tagging the DNA fragments with ?-modified synthetic peptide nucleic acid probes coupled to an electronic characterization of the complexes using solid-state nanopores. This method can be used to identify and differentiate genes with a high level of sequence similarity at the single-molecule level, but different pathology or response to treatment. We will illustrate this method by differentiating the pol gene for two highly similar human immunodeficiency virus subtypes, paving the way for a novel diagnostics platform for viral classification. PMID:23109189

Atas, Evrim; Singer, Alon; Meller, Amit

2013-01-01

292

Developing "BUILDING/ FACILITY ENERGY CONSUMPTION DATA SHEET" for Political Subdivisions, Institutions of Higher Education, and State Agencies, to Satisfy Senate Bill 898 (82nd R) Reporting Requirements  

E-print Network

As mandated by the 82nd R Legislature (2011), Senate Bill 898, Health and Safety Code, Section 388.005, beginning September 1, 2011, each political subdivision, institution of higher education or state agency shall establish a goal to reduce...

Parker, P.; Baltazar, J.; Haberl, J.; Yazdani, B.; Zilbershtein, G.

2012-01-01

293

Better Buildings  

E-print Network

on capital ? Delaware State University secured construction financing via the Delaware Sustainable Energy Utility?s Energy Efficiency Construction Bonds for an energy services performance contract across 26 buildings that will result in 25 percent... on capital ? Delaware State University secured construction financing via the Delaware Sustainable Energy Utility?s Energy Efficiency Construction Bonds for an energy services performance contract across 26 buildings that will result in 25 percent...

Neukomm, M.

2012-01-01

294

Impact of the FY 2005 Building Technologies Program on United States Employment and Earned Income  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of subprograms on national employment and income. A special purpose version of the IMPLAN input-output model called ImBuild II is used in this study of all 21 Building Technologies Program subprograms in the EERE final FY 2005 budget request to the Office of Management and Budget on February 2, 2004. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and earned income are reported by subprogram for selected years to the year 2030. Energy savings and investments from these subprograms have the potential of creating a total of 396,000 jobs and about $5.6 billion in earned income (2003$) by the year 2030.

Scott, Michael J.; Anderson, Dave M.; Belzer, David B.; Cort, Katherine A.; Dirks, James A.; Elliott, Douglas B.; Hostick, Donna J.

2004-08-31

295

Making an Educational Innovation Stick: Building State Networks to Support Experience-Based Career Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study assessed the activities of five state networks that were designed to transfer experience-based career education (EBCE) ownership to appropriate state and local institutions and to develop a state-level support system for continued implementation of EBCE in local districts. Focus of the analysis was on factors contributing to EBCE entry,…

Bridgeford, Nancy; Douglas, Marcia

296

Building Knowledge Stocks: The Role of State Higher-Education Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A variety of studies provide evidence that the stock of college-educated labor has fundamental effects on state and local economies through its association with wages, economic growth, personal incomes, and tax revenues. As a result, policymakers in many states try to increase the percentage of the state's population (or workforce) that has a…

Groen, Jeffrey A.

2009-01-01

297

A Non-critical String (Liouville) Approach to Brain Microtubules: State Vector reduction, Memory coding and Capacity  

E-print Network

Microtubule (MT) networks, subneural paracrystalline cytosceletal structures, seem to play a fundamental role in the neurons. We cast here the complicated MT dynamics in the form of a $1+1$-dimensional non-critical string theory, thus enabling us to provide a consistent quantum treatment of MTs, including enviromental {\\em friction} effects. Quantum space-time effects, as described by non-critical string theory, trigger then an {\\em organized collapse} of the coherent states down to a specific or {\\em conscious state}. The whole process we estimate to take ${\\cal O}(1\\,{\\rm sec})$. The {\\em microscopic arrow of time}, endemic in non-critical string theory, and apparent here in the self-collapse process, provides a satisfactory and simple resolution to the age-old problem of how the, central to our feelings of awareness, sensation of the progression of time is generated. In addition, the complete integrability of the stringy model for MT we advocate in this work proves sufficient in providing a satisfactory solution to memory coding and capacity. Such features might turn out to be important for a model of the brain as a quantum computer.

N. E. Mavromatos; D. V. Nanopoulos

1995-12-18

298

Analysis of quantum error-correcting codes: Symplectic lattice codes and toric codes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantum information theory is concerned with identifying how quantum mechanical resources (such as entangled quantum states) can be utilized for a number of information processing tasks, including data storage, computation, communication, and cryptography. Efficient quantum algorithms and protocols have been developed for performing some tasks (e.g. , factoring large numbers, securely communicating over a public channel, and simulating quantum mechanical systems) that appear to be very difficult with just classical resources. In addition to identifying the separation between classical and quantum computational power, much of the theoretical focus in this field over the last decade has been concerned with finding novel ways of encoding quantum information that are robust against errors, which is an important step toward building practical quantum information processing devices. In this thesis I present some results on the quantum error-correcting properties of oscillator codes (also described as symplectic lattice codes) and toric codes. Any harmonic oscillator system (such as a mode of light) can be encoded with quantum information via symplectic lattice codes that are robust against shifts in the system's continuous quantum variables. I show the existence of lattice codes whose achievable rates match the one-shot coherent information over the Gaussian quantum channel. Also, I construct a family of symplectic self-dual lattices and search for optimal encodings of quantum information distributed between several oscillators. Toric codes provide encodings of quantum information into two-dimensional spin lattices that are robust against local clusters of errors and which require only local quantum operations for error correction. Numerical simulations of this system under various error models provide a calculation of the accuracy threshold for quantum memory using toric codes, which can be related to phase transitions in certain condensed matter models. I also present a local classical processing scheme for correcting errors on toric codes, which demonstrates that quantum information can be maintained in two dimensions by purely local (quantum and classical) resources.

Harrington, James William

299

FRAPCON-2: a computer code for the calculation of steady state thermal-mechanical behavior of oxide fuel rods. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

FRAPCON-2 is a FORTRAN IV computer code that calculates the steady state response of light water reactor fuel rods during long-term burnup. The code calculates the temperature, pressure, deformation, and failure histories of a fuel rod as functions of time-dependent fuel rod power and coolant boundary conditions. The phenomena modeled by the code include: (a) heat conduction through the fuel and cladding, (b) cladding elastic and plastic deformation, (c) fuel-cladding mechanical interaction, (d) fission gas release, (e) fuel rod internal gas pressure, (f) heat transfer between fuel and cladding, (g) cladding oxidation, and (h) heat transfer from cladding to coolant. The code contains necessary material properties, water properties, and heat transfer correlations. FRAPCON-2 is programmed for use on the CDC Cyber 175 and 176 computers. The FRAPCON-2 code is designed to generate initial conditions for transient fuel rod analysis by either the FRAP-T6 computer code or the thermal-hydraulic code, RELAP4/MOD7 Version2.

Berna, G.A.; Bohn, M.P.; Rausch, W.N.; Williford, R.E.; Lanning, D.D.

1981-01-01

300

Building condition monitoring  

E-print Network

The building sector of the United States currently consumes over 40% of the United States primary energy supply. Estimates suggest that between 5 and 30% of any building's annual energy consumption is unknowingly wasted ...

Samouhos, Stephen V. (Stephen Vincent), 1982-

2010-01-01

301

Governance without Government in Somalia: Spoilers, State Building, and the Politics of Coping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zones of state failure are assumed to be anarchic. In reality, communities facing the absence of an effective state authority forge systems of governance to provide modest levels of security and rule of law. Nowhere is this phenomenon more evident than in Somalia, where an array of local and regional governance arrangements have emerged since the 1991 collapse of the

Ken Menkhaus

2007-01-01

302

Building a Multicontextual Model of Latino College Enrollment: Student, School, and State-Level Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latinos' college enrollment rates, particularly in four-year institutions, have not kept pace with their population growth in the United States. Using three-level hierarchical generalized linear modeling, this study analyzes data from the Educational Longitudinal Study (ELS) to examine the influence of high school and state contexts, in addition…

Nunez, Anne-Marie; Kim, Dongbin

2012-01-01

303

Promoting Positive Parenting Practices through Parenting Education. Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series, Number 13  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2003, the Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) released a "Strategic Plan for Early Childhood Health." In recognition of the critical role states play in the development of early childhood initiatives and of the unique contributions that state Title V programs can make to these initiatives, the Bureau operationalized their strategic plan…

Zepeda, Marlene; Varela, Frances; Morales, Alex

2004-01-01

304

Building success : the role of the state in the cultural facility development process  

E-print Network

This thesis investigates the question of what is the current role of the state in the cultural facility development process, and, in light of facility-related warnings that have been made over the years, what role should ...

Choy, Carolyn (Carolyn Anne)

2007-01-01

305

Impact of the FY 2009 Building Technologies Program on United States Employment and Earned Income  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of subprograms on national employment and income. A special purpose input-output model called ImSET is used in this study of 14 Building Technologies Program subprograms in the EERE final FY 2009 budget request to the Office of Management and Budget in February 2008. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and earned income are reported by subprogram for selected years to the year 2025. Energy savings and investments from these subprograms have the potential of creating a total of 258,000 jobs and about $3.7 billion in earned income (2007$) by the year 2025.

Livingston, Olga V.; Scott, Michael J.; Hostick, Donna J.; Dirks, James A.; Cort, Katherine A.

2008-06-17

306

Building Hierarchical Models of Avian Distributions for the State of Georgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

To predict the distributions of breeding birds in the state of Georgia, USA, we built hierarchical models consisting of 4 levels of nested mapping units of decreasing area: 90,000 ha, 3,600 ha, 144 ha, and 5.76 ha. We used the Partners in Flight database of point counts to generate presence and absence data at locations across the state of Georgia

Jay E. Howell; James T. Peterson; Michael J. Conroy

2008-01-01

307

Globalization and Community Organizing: Building Today’s Local-Global Movement in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic, political, and social crises are deeply affecting communities throughout the United States. In the United States\\u000a the long history of genocide of indigenous peoples, enslavement of African peoples, the economic exploitation of working people\\u000a including many immigrant communities, the inequality of women of these communities and classes, wars of conquest and expansion\\u000a of the continental U.S., and ecocide (the

Walda Katz-Fishman; Jerome Scott

308

Solid state phase change materials for thermal energy storage in passive solar heated buildings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A set of solid state phase change materials was evaluated for possible use in passive solar thermal energy storage systems. The most promising materials are organic solid solutions of pentaerythritol, pentaglycerine and neopentyl glycol. Solid solution mixtures of these compounds can be tailored so that they exhibit solid-to-solid phase transformations at any desired temperature within the range from less than 25 deg to 188 deg. Thermophysical properties such as thermal conductivity, density and volumetric expansion were measured. Computer simulations were used to predict the performance of various Trombe wall designs incorporating solid state phase change materials. Optimum performance was found to be sensitive to the choice of phase change temperatures and to the thermal conductivity of the phase change material. A molecular mechanism of the solid state phase transition is proposed and supported by infrared spectroscopic evidence.

Benson, D. K.; Christensen, C.

1983-11-01

309

BUILDING EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN [Medical Sciences Building, Building # 192] / [506 S. Mathews, Urbana  

E-print Network

BUILDING EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN [Medical Sciences Building, Building # 192] / [506 S. Mathews This Building Emergency Action Plan (BEAP) is to be used in conjunction with the Emergency Response Guide (ERG of Campus Emergency Planning at 217-333-1216 to identify appropriate locations. 2 Contact Code Compliance

Gilbert, Matthew

310

Response to comments received from the State of Colorado and the public on the Environmental Assessment for resumption of thermal stabilization of plutonium oxide in Building 707  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) prepared this document to respond to comments from the State of Colorado and the public on the draft Environmental Assessment (EA) for the Resumption of Thermal Stabilization of Plutonium Oxide in Building 707 at the Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) in Golden, Colorado. The draft EA was provided to the State of Colorado and the public on September 8, 1993, for a comment period of 60 days. The Department`s National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Implementing Procedures (10 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] 1021.301) requires that prior to approval of the EA, DOE is to allow the host State and Indian Tribe a period of from 14 to 30 days to review and comment on the EA. The Department established a comment period of 60 days for this EA in response to requests by the public during the first public meeting on July 7, 1993, before preparation of the EA. Other issues raised at the July 7 meeting included the range of alternatives to be considered, the time period for preparation of the EA, and the amount of material to be thermally stabilized. These and other comments made by the public at that meeting were carefully considered in preparation of the EA. In addition to providing the preapproval draft EA to the State of Colorado, DOE distributed the EA to all persons and groups on the RFP public information mailing list and placed the EA and reference documents in the DOE Public Reading Rooms in the RFP area. A public meeting was held on October 6, 1993, to hear public comments on the draft EA. All comments on the draft EA, those received both at the October 6 public meeting and through correspondence, have been reproduced in their entirety in this Response to Comments document. Responses to the commenters` questions and concerns are provided, and changes made to the body of the EA are indicated in the responses. All comments received have been considered in the revision of the EA.

Not Available

1994-02-01

311

The National Education Goals Report: Building a Nation of Learners. Volume Two: State Reports, 1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The second volume of the third annual National Education Goals Report contains profiles of the achievements of each state, the District of Columbia, and five territories toward the National Education Goals of 1990, which derived from the National Education Summit of 1989. In brief, the goals for achievement by the year 2000: (1) all children in…

National Education Goals Panel, Washington, DC.

312

Building Software Development Capacity to Advance the State of Educational Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational technologists may advance the state of the field by increasing capacity to develop software tools and instructional applications. Presently, few academic programs in educational technology require even a single computer programming course. Further, the educational technologists who develop software generally work independently or in…

Luterbach, Kenneth J.

2013-01-01

313

Building the Implicit BSW Curriculum at a Large Southern State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council on Social Work Education's Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards (EPAS) stresses the importance of the implicit curriculum in shaping a school's culture. This timely article describes how the implicit BSW curriculum was developed at a large Southern state university using three Web-based projects: (1) a glossary of terms for…

Holosko, Michael; Skinner, Jeffrey; MacCaughelty, Chelsea; Stahl, Kate Morrissey

2010-01-01

314

Toward a virtual building laboratory  

SciTech Connect

In order to achieve in a timely manner the large energy and dollar savings technically possible through improvements in building energy efficiency, it will be necessary to solve the problem of design failure risk. The most economical method of doing this would be to learn to calculate building performance with sufficient detail, accuracy and reliability to avoid design failure. Existing building simulation models (BSM) are a large step in this direction, but are still not capable of this level of modeling. Developments in computational fluid dynamics (CFD) techniques now allow one to construct a road map from present BSM's to a complete building physical model. The most useful first step is a building interior model (BIM) that would allow prediction of local conditions affecting occupant health and comfort. To provide reliable prediction a BIM must incorporate the correct physical boundary conditions on a building interior. Doing so raises a number of specific technical problems and research questions. The solution of these within a context useful for building research and design is not likely to result from other research on CFD, which is directed toward the solution of different types of problems. A six-step plan for incorporating the correct boundary conditions within the context of the model problem of a large atrium has been outlined. A promising strategy for constructing a BIM is the overset grid technique for representing a building space in a CFD calculation. This technique promises to adapt well to building design and allows a step-by-step approach. A state-of-the-art CFD computer code using this technique has been adapted to the problem and can form the departure point for this research.

Klems, J.H.; Finlayson, E.U.; Olsen, T.H.; Banks, D.W.; Pallis, J.M.

1999-03-01

315

STATES FISH COMMIS SION BUILDING AT WASHINGTON , D. C. (Ta/INE FISH COMMISSI ON BUILDING AT WASHINGTON, D. C. (Taken in July, 1897.) EXPERIMENTS IN PHOTOGRAPHY OF LIVE FISHES.  

E-print Network

, as in the case of' the flying-fish. Such pictures as these latter, however, illustrate peculiar habits ratherSTATES FISH COMMIS SION BUILDING AT WASHINGTON , D. C. (Ta/INE FISH ~ "" -0 r ~ -l rn #12;EXPERIMENTS IN PHOTOGRAPHY OF LIVE FISHES. By R. W. SHUFELDT. Captai«, Medical Corps

316

Building Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From residential houses to hundred-story skyscrapers, many different technologies come together to make a building safe and comfortable. Building design is a continually changing industry, and new advances are being made possible as research progresses.Sustainable development is gaining popularity worldwide in an effort to minimize environmental impact. The Center for Resourceful Building Technology (1) maintains an online guide that describes building practices that are resource-efficient; some information on the center's research projects is also available. Similar in topic is this report from the National Association of Home Builders Research Center (2). The 70-page document is the final report of an April 2003 conference on green building; it gives day-by-day summaries of presentations and activities in which the conference participants were involved. Office buildings have a number of design issues that need to be considered to make a productive work environment. One such issue is the acoustics in a cubicle workspace. The Canadian Institute for Research in Construction (3) discusses some design factors that can improve privacy even in the very open atmosphere of closely spaced cubicles. In the wake of the 2001 anthrax scare, a research project at Pennsylvania State University has garnered significant attention. This paper (4) introduces immune buildings, which have advanced ventilation and air filtration systems that can mitigate the danger caused by airborne pathogens. Experimental results from the project are also presented. The US Department of Energy High Performance Building Initiative (5) is investigating new technologies to make commercial buildings more comfortable and cost effective. Several interesting technical papers and introductory reports are given on the initiative's homepage, including a technology road map for high performance buildings. This essay from the June 2003 issue of Constructech Magazine (6) highlights a movement toward integrated control systems for all types of buildings. The author notes that having a unified system that automatically manages security, lighting, energy, and several other building operations can save time and money in the long run. Another article, written by a member of the Partnership for Advanced Technology in Housing (7), discusses building materials and practices that can improve residential installation's resistance to major storms and natural disasters. An example of an area that is using these weather resistant designs is in Florida; the article cites the vulnerability of coastal homes to hurricanes and outlines some efforts to build them in a more structurally sound manner. Lastly, the Commercial Modular Construction Magazine (8) is a quarterly publication that centers on permanent and temporary modular building design. The second issue of 2003 has, among other things, a good article that describes the basics and benefits of modular construction.

Leske, Cavin.

317

Simulating the Transverse Ising Model on a Quantum Computer: Error Correction with the Surface Code  

E-print Network

We estimate the resource requirements for the quantum simulation of the ground state energy of the one dimensional quantum transverse Ising model (TIM), based on the surface code implementation of a fault tolerant quantum computer. The surface code approach has one of the highest known tolerable error rates (1%) which makes it currently one of the most practical quantum computing schemes. Compared to results of the same model using the concatenated Steane code, the current results indicate that the simulation time is comparable but the number of physical qubits for the surface code is 2-3 orders of magnitude larger than that of the concatenation code. Considering that the error threshold requirements of the surface code is four orders of magnitude higher than the concatenation code, building a quantum computer with a surface code implementation appears more promising given current physical hardware capabilities.

Hao You; Michael R. Geller; P. C. Stancil

2012-09-29

318

Coset Codes Viewed as Terminated Convolutional Codes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this paper, coset codes are considered as terminated convolutional codes. Based on this approach, three new general results are presented. First, it is shown that the iterative squaring construction can equivalently be defined from a convolutional code whose trellis terminates. This convolutional code determines a simple encoder for the coset code considered, and the state and branch labelings of the associated trellis diagram become straightforward. Also, from the generator matrix of the code in its convolutional code form, much information about the trade-off between the state connectivity and complexity at each section, and the parallel structure of the trellis, is directly available. Based on this generator matrix, it is shown that the parallel branches in the trellis diagram of the convolutional code represent the same coset code C(sub 1), of smaller dimension and shorter length. Utilizing this fact, a two-stage optimum trellis decoding method is devised. The first stage decodes C(sub 1), while the second stage decodes the associated convolutional code, using the branch metrics delivered by stage 1. Finally, a bidirectional decoding of each received block starting at both ends is presented. If about the same number of computations is required, this approach remains very attractive from a practical point of view as it roughly doubles the decoding speed. This fact is particularly interesting whenever the second half of the trellis is the mirror image of the first half, since the same decoder can be implemented for both parts.

Fossorier, Marc P. C.; Lin, Shu

1996-01-01

319

Counter-narcotics policies in Tajikistan and their impact on state building  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the early 1990s, Tajikistan has become a key hub along international opiates-trafficking routes. Tajik security agencies lack the equipment and the skills to effectively counter drug-smuggling networks. Funding from external donors has partially contributed to the renovation and modernization of these agencies. Since the late 1990s both the United States and the European Union have been providing assistance to

Filippo De Danieli

2011-01-01

320

Patterns of state building in the Arabian Gulf: Kuwait and Qatar  

SciTech Connect

In the past few decades Kuwait and Qatar have experienced a radial but apparently smoothly transition from protectorate poverty to petroleum prosperity. Rapid economic and social changes have been accompanied by remarkable political continuity at the apex of their systems. This thesis examines this apparent continuity in ruling regimes. Oil revenues, it argues, preserved continuity only at the very apex of the political system. This continuity was accompanied by the breakdown of the historical ruling coalition binding the amirs and the trading families and its replacement by a new, but ultimately precarious, set of coalitions: first, between the amir and the national population, through social services and direct transfers; second, between the amir and the ruling family, whose political role expanded. These changes were the result of oil: by freeing rulers from the need to extract resources from the population, oil freed them from their historical economic hence political dependence on the merchants, the group which had historically pressed its claims most effectively on the state. Instead a tacit deal developed between the amirs and the trading families: a trade of wealth for formal power. Finally, the thesis argues that these new arrangements are only transitional adaptations. Distributive policies designed to ensure domestic peace have inadvertantly created relatively large and complex state administrations, or distributive states.

Crystal, J.

1986-01-01

321

Effect of synaptic plasticity on sensory coding and steady-state filtering properties in the electric sense.  

PubMed

Our modeling study examines short-term plasticity at the synapse between afferents from electroreceptors and pyramidal cells in the electrosensory lateral lobe (ELL) of the weakly electric fish Apteronotus leptorhynchus. It focusses on steady-state filtering and coherence-based coding properties. While developed for electroreception, our study exposes general functional features for different mixtures of depression and facilitation. Our computational model, constrained by the available in vivo and in vitro data, consists of a synapse onto a deterministic leaky integrate-and-fire (LIF) neuron. The synapse is either depressing (D), facilitating (F) or both (FD), and is driven by a sinusoidally or randomly modulated Poisson process. Due to nonlinearity, numerically computed input-output transfer functions are used to determine the filtering properties. The gain of the response at each sinusoidally modulated frequency is computed by dividing the fitted amplitudes of the input and output cycle histograms of the LIF models. While filtering is always low-pass for F alone, D alone exhibits a gain resonance (non-monotonicity) at a frequency that decreases with increasing recovery time constant of synaptic depression (tau(d)). This resonance is mitigated by the presence of F. For D, F and FD, coherence improves as the synaptic conductance time constant (tau(g)) increases, yet the mutual information per spike decreases. The information per spike for D and F follows opposite trends as their respective time constants increase. The broadband but non-monotonic gain and coherence functions seen in vivo suggest that D and perhaps FD dynamics are involved at this synapse. Our results further predict that the likely synaptic configuration is a slower tau(g), e.g. via a mixture of AMPA and NMDA synapses, and a relatively smaller synaptic facilitation time constant (tau(f)) and larger tau(d) (with tau(f) smaller than tau(d) and tau(g)). These results are compatible with known physiology. PMID:18243518

Szalisznyó, Krisztina; Longtin, André; Maler, Leonard

2008-04-01

322

The politics of African energy development: Ethiopia's hydro-agricultural state-building strategy and clashing paradigms of water security.  

PubMed

As key economic, ecological and demographic trends converge to reshape Africa and its relationship with the outside world, a new politics is emerging in the twenty-first century around the water-food-energy nexus, which is central to the continent's relevance in the global economy. On the one hand, Malthusian anxieties are proliferating; pessimists link population growth and growing water scarcity to state failure and 'water wars'. On the other hand, entrepreneurs, sovereign wealth funds and speculators consider Africa's potential in water resources, energy production and food output as one of the last great untapped opportunities for the global economy: Africa is on the brink of an agro-industrial transformation. This article examines how African actors are not merely responding to economic and environmental changes but also thinking politically about water, food and energy security. Many of them are seizing the new opportunities to redefine their national politics, their relationship with local communities and their ties with external players, regionally and globally. Ethiopia's project of hydro-agricultural state-building helps to identify the most important fault lines of this new politics at the national, local and international level. The politics of water security and energy development simultaneously puts African states and their populations on the defensive, as they grapple with huge challenges, but also provides them with unique opportunities to take advantage of a more favourable global configuration of forces. PMID:24080620

Verhoeven, Harry

2013-11-13

323

AAA and PBC calculation accuracy in the surface build-up region in tangential beam treatments. Phantom and breast case study with the Monte Carlo code penelope  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and purposeIn tangential beam treatments accurate dose calculation of the absorbed dose in the build-up region is of major importance, in particular when the target has superficial extension close to the skin. In most analytical treatment planning systems (TPSs) calculations depend on the experimental measurements introduced by the user in which accuracy might be limited by the type of

Vanessa Panettieri; Pierre Barsoum; Mathias Westermark; Lorenzo Brualla; Ingmar Lax

2009-01-01

324

50 CFR Table 17 to Part 679 - Process Codes for Use With State of Alaska Commercial Operator's Annual Report (COAR)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Alaska Commercial Operator's Annual Report (COAR) 17 Table 17 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION...THE EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Table 17 Table 17 to Part 679—Process Codes for Use With...

2010-10-01

325

50 CFR Table 17 to Part 679 - Process Codes for Use With State of Alaska Commercial Operator's Annual Report (COAR)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Alaska Commercial Operator's Annual Report (COAR) 17 Table 17 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION...THE EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Table 17 Table 17 to Part 679—Process Codes for Use With...

2012-10-01

326

50 CFR Table 17 to Part 679 - Process Codes for Use With State of Alaska Commercial Operator's Annual Report (COAR)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Alaska Commercial Operator's Annual Report (COAR) 17 Table 17 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION...THE EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Table 17 Table 17 to Part 679—Process Codes for Use With...

2011-10-01

327

Building Inspection Technology Syllabus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document is a course syllabus for Debra Anderson's building inspection technology class, taught at Portland Community College. The main goal of the course is to teach students the building inspection review process, code requirements and evaluating the adequacy of structural elements. This syllabus includes a course schedule, including concepts to be covered each week. This document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

Anderson, Debra

2011-12-28

328

NHA HYDROGEN SAFETY CODES AND STANDARDS ACTIVITIES  

E-print Network

needs to be disseminated to building code officials such as National Fire Protection Association (NFPA with the International Codes Council (ICC) Ad Hoc Committee on Hydrogen. NFPA liaison has recently been established

329

Efficient, transparent, and comprehensive runtime code manipulation  

E-print Network

This thesis addresses the challenges of building a software system for general-purpose runtime code manipulation. Modern applications, with dynamically-loaded modules and dynamically-generated code, are assembled at runtime. ...

Bruening, Derek L. (Derek Lane), 1976-

2004-01-01

330

Coordinating across scales: Building a regional marsh bird monitoring program from national and state Initiatives  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Salt marsh breeding bird populations (rails, bitterns, sparrows, etc.) in eastern North America are high conservation priorities in need of site specific and regional monitoring designed to detect population changes over time. The present status and trends of these species are unknown but anecdotal evidence of declines in many of the species has raised conservation concerns. Most of these species are listed as conservation priorities on comprehensive wildlife plans throughout the eastern U.S. National Wildlife Refuges, National Park Service units, and other wildlife conservation areas provide important salt marsh habitat. To meet management needs for these areas, and to assist regional conservation planning, survey designs are being developed to estimate abundance and population trends for these breeding bird species. The primary purpose of this project is to develop a hierarchical sampling frame for salt marsh birds in Bird Conservation Region (BCR) 30 that will provide the ability to estimate species population abundances on 1) specific sites (i.e. National Parks and National Wildlife Refuges), 2) within states or regions, and 3) within BCR 30. The entire breeding range of Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed and Coastal Plain Swamp sparrows are within BCR 30, providing an opportunity to detect population trends within the entire breeding ranges of two priority species.

Shriver, G. W.; Sauer, J. R.

2008-01-01

331

ClinicalCodes: An Online Clinical Codes Repository to Improve the Validity and Reproducibility of Research Using Electronic Medical Records  

PubMed Central

Lists of clinical codes are the foundation for research undertaken using electronic medical records (EMRs). If clinical code lists are not available, reviewers are unable to determine the validity of research, full study replication is impossible, researchers are unable to make effective comparisons between studies, and the construction of new code lists is subject to much duplication of effort. Despite this, the publication of clinical codes is rarely if ever a requirement for obtaining grants, validating protocols, or publishing research. In a representative sample of 450 EMR primary research articles indexed on PubMed, we found that only 19 (5.1%) were accompanied by a full set of published clinical codes and 32 (8.6%) stated that code lists were available on request. To help address these problems, we have built an online repository where researchers using EMRs can upload and download lists of clinical codes. The repository will enable clinical researchers to better validate EMR studies, build on previous code lists and compare disease definitions across studies. It will also assist health informaticians in replicating database studies, tracking changes in disease definitions or clinical coding practice through time and sharing clinical code information across platforms and data sources as research objects. PMID:24941260

Springate, David A.; Kontopantelis, Evangelos; Ashcroft, Darren M.; Olier, Ivan; Parisi, Rosa; Chamapiwa, Edmore; Reeves, David

2014-01-01

332

Discussion Forum for Technical Codes Users  

Microsoft Academic Search

One goal of the Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) is to provide useful, easy to understand information about the national energy codes. A forum where users could ask for, and receive clarification on these codes and software from other users would allow the Energy codes project to reach and instruct a broader audience for a modest resource cost. The forum

Bryce P. Kaspar; Heather E. Dillon

2006-01-01

333

Interior building details of Building A, dungeon cell adjacent to ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior building details of Building A, dungeon cell adjacent to northwest cell: granite and brick threshold, poured concrete floors, plastered finished walls, vaulted veiling; northwesterly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

334

6. West side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking southeast ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. West side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking southeast - Naval Air Station Chase Field, Building 1001, Independence Street, .45 mile south of intersection of Texas State Highway & Independence Street, Beeville, Bee County, TX

335

3. East side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking west ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. East side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking west - Naval Air Station Chase Field, Building 1001, Independence Street, .45 mile south of intersection of Texas State Highway & Independence Street, Beeville, Bee County, TX

336

5. North side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking southeast ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. North side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking southeast - Naval Air Station Chase Field, Building 1001, Independence Street, .45 mile south of intersection of Texas State Highway & Independence Street, Beeville, Bee County, TX

337

9. Interior of Building 1001 (administration building), Room 204, vault, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. Interior of Building 1001 (administration building), Room 204, vault, looking east - Naval Air Station Chase Field, Building 1001, Independence Street, .45 mile south of intersection of Texas State Highway & Independence Street, Beeville, Bee County, TX

338

4. South side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking north ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. South side of Building 1001 (administration building), looking north - Naval Air Station Chase Field, Building 1001, Independence Street, .45 mile south of intersection of Texas State Highway & Independence Street, Beeville, Bee County, TX

339

Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003  

EIA Publications

The Energy Information Administration conducts the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) to collect information on energy-related building characteristics and types and amounts of energy consumed in commercial buildings in the United States.

2008-01-01

340

EXISTING SMELL DETECTORS A NEW SMELL DETECTOR SCALABLE, EXPRESSIVE, AND RELEVANT CODE SMELL DISPLAYEMERSON MURPHY-HILL | PORTLAND STATE UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

EXISTING SMELL DETECTORS A NEW SMELL DETECTOR SCALABLE, EXPRESSIVE, AND RELEVANT CODE SMELL Modification," IEICE Trans- actions on Information and Systems, 2006. Bisanz This tool displays smells by underlining smell occurances in an Eclipse editor. M. Bisanz. Pattern-based Smell Detection in TTCN-3 Test

Murphy-Hill, Emerson

341

Code Description Code Description  

E-print Network

5510 Non Empl Out of State 5218 Hourly Student Help 5504 Non-Emlpoyee Travel 5512 Non-Employee International 5506 Non-Employee Travel in State 5222 Non-Student Hrly 5507 Out of State Travel 5509 Travel - Taxable to W2 * For Administrative and Research Faculty employee classes Classified Salary, Wages & Leave

342

Building Needs for the Handicapped.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Listed in the document are specific building needs for the handicapped. It is explained that the detailed survey forms can be used to determine building accessibility for a wide range of handicapping conditions. Survey information includes the specific building need (e.g. 12 foot wide parking space) and the letter code for affected function. Space…

Windham Southeast Supervisory Union, Brattleboro, VT.

343

LoanSTAR Monitoring and Analysis Program: Presentation Summary of the State Capitol Complex Building Operation and Maintenance Field Test  

E-print Network

machines account for 31% of the total savings. Three buildings (SFA, LBJ, and WBT) account for 83% of the potential savings for the eight buildings. It was thus suggested that the highest priority be given to O&M modification in these three buildings... off AHUs during unoccupied hours (la). 2. Turn exhaust fans off during unoccupied hours. 3. Turn lighting off during unoccupied hours. 4. Turn PCs, computer screens, printers, and copying machines off during unoccupied hours. Annual O&M Potential...

Turner, W. D.; Houcek, J. K.; Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.

1993-01-01

344

Arithmetic coding for data compression  

Microsoft Academic Search

The state of the art in data compression is arithmetic coding, not the better-known Huffman method. Arithmetic coding gives greater compression, is faster for adaptive models, and clearly separates the model from the channel encoding.

Ian H. witten; Radford M. Neal; John Gerald Cleary

1987-01-01

345

Solar buildings. Overview: The Solar Buildings Program  

SciTech Connect

Buildings account for more than one third of the energy used in the United States each year, consuming vast amounts of electricity, natural gas, and fuel oil. Given this level of consumption, the buildings sector is rife with opportunity for alternative energy technologies. The US Department of Energy`s Solar Buildings Program was established to take advantage of this opportunity. The Solar Buildings Program is engaged in research, development, and deployment on solar thermal technologies, which use solar energy to produce heat. The Program focuses on technologies that have the potential to produce economically competitive energy for the buildings sector.

Not Available

1998-04-01

346

Urban heat island phenomenon, urban morphology and building energy: The case of Chicago, United States of America  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this thesis is to integrate urban climate and urban design for predicting building energy using simulation approach. Urban Heat Island (UHI) phenomenon as a function of urban climate change and street geometry for urban morphology is considered. This study is aimed at providing architects\\/urban designers more informed choices for building design in a changing urban climate. The

Pravin Bhiwapurkar

2007-01-01

347

New York State Standards for BUILDING Leaders Candidates in university-based preparation programs who seek NYS certification as  

E-print Network

who seek NYS certification as School Building Leaders (SBL) must demonstrate the following nine to be a leader 2. Have a vision for schools that they constantly share and promote 3. Communicate clearly perspectives and alternative points of view, and building understanding through direct and precise questioning

Suzuki, Masatsugu

348

Analysis of the impacts of energy conservation codes in new single-family homes  

SciTech Connect

Within the 50 states some form of federal code or standard for energy conservation in new building construction is typically incorporated into state and local codes. Two of these codes, the Model Energy Code (MEC) and the proposed ASHRAE standard 90.2P are of special importance to the residential data base developed by the Gas Research Institute (GRI) because they influence thermal requirements and have either been recently updated or will be revised in 1992. In this study, we evaluate the impacts of these two thermal codes on the energy performance and energy consumption of prototypical new single-family buildings. Base case buildings, with characteristics typical of current building practices, are modified to meet the thermal envelope standards and are simulated with the DOE-2.1D building energy simulation program. In addition, we also model the effects of appliance and heating and cooling equipment efficiencies promulgated under the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA) of 1987 and of the NAECA Amendments of 1988. We compare heating and cooling loads and energy use for the prototypical house for several cases: the base case, with 1980s vintage thermal envelope and appliance and equipment efficiencies; with ASHRAE 90 thermal requirements; with Model Energy Code thermal requirements; with NAECA appliance and HVAC efficiencies; and with combinations of the ASHRAE 90 Standard or Model Energy Code and the NAECA appliance and equipment efficiency improvements. The results provide a glimpse of how these standards will affect future end-use energy consumption in new single-family buildings.

Ritschard, R.L.; Hanford, J.W.; Sezgen, A.O.

1992-12-01

349

Coding theory basics Toric codes  

E-print Network

. Little Department of Mathematics and Computer Science College of the Holy Cross July 29-31, 2013 John B(!) John B. Little Toric Varieties in Coding Theory #12;Coding theory basics Toric codes Tools from-up message noise encoder trans. channel rec. decoder message John B. Little Toric Varieties in Coding

Little, John B.

350

Library Buildings and Equipment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six articles discuss library buildings and construction: (1) library buildings and their parts; (2) the North Campus Library of California State University at Long Beach in 1995; (3) new structures for teaching libraries; (4) construction standards for California public libraries; (5) Sick (Library) Building Syndrome; and (6) using focus-group…

Oringdulph, Robert E.; And Others

1990-01-01

351

2. Overview of Buildings 2015, 2133 and 2009, with Building ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Overview of Buildings 2015, 2133 and 2009, with Building 1001 (administration building) in background, looking northeast - Naval Air Station Chase Field, Texas State Highway 202, 4.8 miles east of intersection of Texas State Highway 202 & U.S. State Highway 181, Beeville, Bee County, TX

352

State Regulations and the ACA Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice: Oil and Water for the Substance Abuse Counselor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews state regulations responsible for determining the minimum qualifications for counselors, clinical supervisors, or client assessors in the substance abuse treatment field. Few of the 34 states surveyed required treatment outcome studies or referenced licensed professional counselors. Discusses implications new counselors may face when their…

West, Paul L.; Mustaine, Beverly L.; Wyrick, Barry

1999-01-01

353

Urban heat island phenomenon, urban morphology and building energy: The case of Chicago, United States of America  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of this thesis is to integrate urban climate and urban design for predicting building energy using simulation approach. Urban Heat Island (UHI) phenomenon as a function of urban climate change and street geometry for urban morphology is considered. This study is aimed at providing architects/urban designers more informed choices for building design in a changing urban climate. The microclimatic variation in the Chicago area is investigated. The effect of air temperature and cloud cover on building energy is investigated for the influence of UHI on building energy. Street width (W) and building height (H) are the geometric descriptors for defining the street geometry. Street geometry dealt with the street aspect ratio (H/W=1, 2, 4 and 8) and street orientation (N, NNW, NW, WNW and W). The sensitivity analysis is performed for street geometry parameters to investigate its effect on the building energy. The investigations are carried out in the varying microclimatic conditions within the Chicago area. Optimum street geometry from energy point of view is suggested. Street geometry is found out to have significant effect on cooling energy savings. Street aspect ratio is found out to be dominant parameter than street orientation. Further, applications of the street geometry in relation to the density of built-up area and climate suitability in the urban area are discussed.

Bhiwapurkar, Pravin

354

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-print Network

Pharmacy S Planning, Architecture and Civil Engineering T Politics, International Studies and Philosophy V Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology (CCRCB) 20 Chrono 13 Counselling Service 9 Crèches 10 David Bates Building 29 David Keir Building 1n Development and Alumni Relations 13 Disability Services 8 Drama

Paxton, Anthony T.

355

Expander codes  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a new class of asymptotically good, linearerror-correcting codes based upon expander graphs.These codes have linear time sequential decoding algorithms,logarithmic time parallel decoding algorithmswith a linear number of processors, and are simple tounderstand. We present both randomized and explicitconstructions for some of these codes. Experimentalresults demonstrate the extremely good performance ofthe randomly chosen codes.1. IntroductionWe present a new class

Michael Sipser; Daniel A. Spielman

1996-01-01

356

Quantum codes from Hadamard matrices  

Microsoft Academic Search

From each q × q unitary matrix ?, we construct a family of quantum codes , t ? 1, for q-state systems which encode (2t + 1) q-states into one q-state. We show that such codes are capable of correcting the errors of weight up to t if and only if ? is a complex Hadamard matrix.

W. F. Ke; K. F. Lai; R. B. Zhang

2010-01-01

357

City of Dallas Green Building Case Study  

E-print Network

Building Inspection Dallas LEED Building Examples City Performance Hall - 2012 5 Jack Evans Headquarters - 2005 Fire Station #33 - 2010 Homeless Assistance Center - 2010 Dallas Building Inspection Dallas Convention Center ? LEED EB - 2010 6 Hampton... is working for Phase 1 ? In-house reviews and inspections would be preferable for the commercial component of Phase 2 ? Phase 2 should be streamlined to eliminate redundant requirements (base codes vs. green code) Dallas Building Inspection 22...

Basora, Z.

2012-01-01

358

Survey of Solar Buildings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This survey brings together information concerning the growing number of buildings utilizing solar energy and is designed to facilitate the comparison of specific characteristics of the buildings. The 66 U.S. entries are divided into five regions, arranged by state, and roughly by date within each state. Seven entries are from other countries. A…

Gray, Robert; Baker, Steven

359

Nascap-2k Spacecraft Charging Code Overview.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nascap-2k is a modern spacecraft charging code, replacing the older codes NASCAP/GEO, NASCAP/LEO, POLAR, and DynaPAC. The code builds on the physical principles, mathematical algorithms, and user experience developed over three decades of spacecraft charg...

A. T. Wheelock, C. J. Roth, D. L. Cooke, M. J. Mandell, V. A. Davis

2005-01-01

360

Building StrongBuilding Strong Clean Water Act Section 404 Permitting Program  

E-print Network

of congressional authority under the Commerce Clause. #12;Building StrongBuilding Strong · Primarily addressed two to regulate commerce among the states?" #12;Building StrongBuilding Strong Rapanos at the Supreme Court

Minnesota, University of

361

62. BUILDING NO. 1301, ORDNANCE FACILITY (MORTAR POWDER BUILDING), LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

62. BUILDING NO. 1301, ORDNANCE FACILITY (MORTAR POWDER BUILDING), LOOKING AT NORTHWEST FACADE. ACCESS TO ROOF ALLOWS MAINTENANCE OF VENTILATION EQUIPMENT WHICH IS PLACED OUTSIDE BUILDING TO MINIMIZE EXPLOSION HAZARD. NO. 2 VISIBLE ON WALL OF BUILDING STANDS FOR EXPLOSION HAZARD WITH FRAGMENTATION. - Picatinny Arsenal, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

362

Decomposing Uncertainty in Climate, Socioeconomics and Technological Change for a Decision to Impose Aggressive Building Energy Standards across the United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This analysis presents quantification and decomposition of key sources of uncertainty associated with state-level decisions on whether to impose aggressive building energy standards. The research compares uncertainty in future climate model projections, national and international emissions policy, population and economic growth, and technology cost and performance across several states and focuses on three decision criteria--energy savings, savings in greenhouse gas emissions, and costs of the standards. The research utilizes a version of the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM), an integrated assessment model that has been regionalized to represent energy demand and supply within each of the 50 U.S. states. A Monte Carlo sampling approach provides 12,000 GCAM runs that are post-processed to provide a rigorous comparison of the relative importance of the modeled sources of uncertainty at the state level when aggressive standards are imposed and identifies the key 'game changers.'

Scott, M. J.; Daly, D. S.; Lansing, C. S.; McJeon, H. C.; Patel, P. L.; Peterson, M. J.; Rice, J.; Zhou, Y.

2013-12-01

363

Status of MARS Code  

SciTech Connect

Status and recent developments of the MARS 14 Monte Carlo code system for simulation of hadronic and electromagnetic cascades in shielding, accelerator and detector components in the energy range from a fraction of an electronvolt up to 100 TeV are described. these include physics models both in strong and electromagnetic interaction sectors, variance reduction techniques, residual dose, geometry, tracking, histograming. MAD-MARS Beam Line Build and Graphical-User Interface.

N.V. Mokhov

2003-04-09

364

Character coding  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Character coding has been called the bete noire of phylogenetic analysis. As you may have seen from class, the definition of "character" is squishy and varies between authors. Although there isn't agreement on exactly what a character is, it is possible to predict how certain character definitions and coding strategies affect phylogenetic analysis. This activity focuses on character coding, specifically about how different coding strategies can affect analysis. In this exercise we will try to look at different coding strategies by considering the simple shapes below. (1) What is a character, and what qualities do characters have? (2) Given the 'morphology' depicted above, what features vary? (3) Given the variation you identified, come up with as many character codings as you can; i.e., different ways that this variation can be coded into characters. (4) For each of the coding strategies you come up with in question 3, identify its assumptions, limitations, and strengths. (5) Identify your preferred coding strategy and defend your choice. Students asked to define what a character is and to discuss what they 'require', and then to come up with an exhaustive list of coding strategies for the sample morphology. They are then asked to list assumptions/limitations of each strategy.

Wilson, Jeff

365

Code constructions and code families for nonbinary quantum stabilizer code  

E-print Network

Stabilizer codes form a special class of quantum error correcting codes. Nonbinary quantum stabilizer codes are studied in this thesis. A lot of work on binary quantum stabilizer codes has been done. Nonbinary stabilizer codes have received much...

Ketkar, Avanti Ulhas

2005-11-01

366

High Performance Building | 919-515-3480 | www.ncsc.ncsu.edu North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7401, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 1 919-515-3480 | www.ncsc.ncsu.edu  

E-print Network

High Performance Building | 919-515-3480 | www.ncsc.ncsu.edu North Carolina State University consumer is choosing reputable designers and contractors (i.e. general contractors, sub-contractors, energy's website for a Directory; major building professional Board's in NC include: North Carolina Board

367

Energy efficient building design  

SciTech Connect

The fundamental concepts of the building design process, energy codes and standards, and energy budgets are introduced. These tools were combined into Energy Design Guidelines and design contract requirements. The Guidelines were repackaged for a national audience and a videotape for selling the concept to government executives. An effort to test transfer of the Guidelines to outside agencies is described.

Not Available

1992-03-01

368

Nascap-2k Spacecraft Charging Code Overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nascap-2k is a modern spacecraft charging code, replacing the older codes NASA Charging Analyzer Program for GEosynchronous Orbit (NASCAP\\/GEO), NASA Charging Analyzer Program for Low-Earth Orbit (NASCAP\\/LEO), Potentials Of Large objects in the Auroral Region (POLAR), and Dynamic Plasma Analysis Code (DynaPAC). The code builds on the physical principles, mathematical algorithms, and user experience developed over three decades of spacecraft

Myron J. Mandell; Victoria A. Davis; David L. Cooke; Adrian T. Wheelock; C. J. Roth

2006-01-01

369

A non-critical string (Liouville) approach to brain microtubules state vector reduction, memory coding and capacity  

E-print Network

Microtubule (MT) networks, subneural paracrystalline cytosceletal structures, seem to play a fundamental role in the neurons. We cast here the complicated MT dynamics in the form of a 1+1-dimensional non-critical string theory, thus enabling us to provide a consistent quantum treatment of MTs, including enviromental {\\em friction} effects. Quantum space-time effects, as described by non-critical string theory, trigger then an {\\em organized collapse} of the coherent states down to a specific or {\\em conscious state}. The whole process we estimate to take {\\cal O}(1\\,{\\rm sec}). The {\\em microscopic arrow of time}, endemic in non-critical string theory, and apparent here in the self-collapse process, provides a satisfactory and simple resolution to the age-old problem of how the, central to our feelings of awareness, sensation of the progression of time is generated. In addition, the complete integrability of the stringy model for MT we advocate in this work proves sufficient in providing a satisfactory soluti...

Mavromatos, Nikolaos E

1995-01-01

370

Using Social Network Theory to Influence the Development of State and Local Primary Prevention Capacity-Building Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the role that social network theory and social network analysis has played in assessing and developing effective primary prevention networks across a southeastern state. In 2004 the state began an effort to develop a strategic plan for the primary prevention of violence working with local communities across the state. The…

Cook-Craig, Patricia G.

2010-01-01

371

56. BUILDING NO. 333, TURBINE BUILDING (1905), VIEW LOOKING NORTH. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

56. BUILDING NO. 333, TURBINE BUILDING (1905), VIEW LOOKING NORTH. NOTE GRANITE DATE STONE AND SEMICIRCULAR WINDOW LOCATED OVER PILASTER. - Picatinny Arsenal, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

372

Multiphase equation of state for iron  

Microsoft Academic Search

The PANDA code is used to build a multiphase equation of state (EOS) table for iron. Separate EOS tables were first constructed for each of the individual phases. The phase diagram and multiphase EOS were then determined from the Helmholtz free energies. The model includes four solid phases (α,γ, δ, and {var_epsilon}) and a fluid phase (including the liquid, vapor,

Kerley

1993-01-01

373

Multiphase equation of state for iron  

Microsoft Academic Search

The PANDA code is used to build a multiphase equation of state (EOS) table for iron. Separate EOS tables were first constructed for each of the individual phases. The phase diagram and multiphase EOS were then determined from the Helmholtz free energies. The model includes four solid phases ([alpha],[gamma], [delta], and [var epsilon]) and a fluid phase (including the liquid,

Kerley

1993-01-01

374

Raptor codes  

Microsoft Academic Search

We exhibit a class of universal Raptor Codes: for a given integer k, and any real ?> 0 ,R ap- tor Codes in this class produce a potentially infinite stream of symbols such that any subset of symbols of size k(1 + ?) is sufficient to recover the original k sym- bols, with high probability. Each output symbol is generated

Amin Shokrollahi

2006-01-01

375

Building Specifications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The building in the top photo is the new home of the National Permanent Savings Bank in Washington, D.C., designed by Hartman-Cox Architects. Its construction was based on a money-saving method of preparing building specifications which derived from NASA technology developed to obtain quality construction while holding down cost of launch facilities, test centers and other structures. Written technical specifications spell out materials and components to be used on construction projects and identify the quality tests each item must pass. Specifications can have major impact on construction costs. Poorly formulated specifications can lead to unacceptable construction which must be replaced, unnecessarily high materials costs, safety hazards, disputes and often additional costs due to delays and litigation. NASA's Langley Research Center developed a novel approach to providing accurate, uniform, cost-effective specifications which can be readily updated to incorporate new building technologies. Called SPECSINTACT, it is a computerized - system accessible to all NASA centers involved in construction programs. The system contains a comprehensive catalog of master specifications applicable to many types of construction. It enables designers of any structure to call out relevant sections from computer storage and modify them to fit the needs of the project at hand. Architects and engineers can save time by concentrating their efforts on needed modifications rather than developing all specifications from scratch. Successful use of SPECSINTACT has led to a number of spinoff systems. One of the first was MASTERSPEC, developed from NASA's experience by Production Systems for Architects and Engineers, Inc., an organization established by the American Institute of Architects. MASTERSPEC, used in construction of the bank building pictured, follows the same basic format as SPECSINTACT and can be used in either automated or manual modes. The striking appearance of the bank building shows that, while MASTERSPEC saves time and money, its use involves no sacrfice in architectural design freedom. The Naval Engineering Facilities Command employs an automated specifications system based on SPECSINTACT. The Public Buildings Service of the General Services Administration used SPECSINTACT as a starting point in a plan to make its guideline specifications available to architects and engineers on a nationwide computer network. Public Technology, Inc., a NASA Technology Application Team, is working with Production Systems for Architects and Engineers, Inc., to promote widespread use of the system by state and local governments for cost benefits to taxpayers.

1978-01-01

376

Adequate Facilities for All: Reforming New York State's System for Providing Building Aid to School Districts and for Meeting Schools' Urgent Capital Needs. Part II. [Sound Basic Education Task Force Proposal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, court mandates in education adequacy cases have resulted in substantial increases in state-level support for local building needs in a number of states. The Court of Appeals' decision in "CFE v. State of New York" has made clear that extensive facilities deficiencies in New York City constitute a major constitutional violation…

Campaign for Fiscal Equity, Inc., 2004

2004-01-01

377

User instructions for the CIDER Dose Code  

SciTech Connect

This document provides user instructions for the CIDER (Calculation of Individual Doses from Environmental Radionuclides) computer code. The CIDER code computes estimates of annual doses estimated for both reference individuals with a known residence and food consumption history. This document also provides user instructions for four utility codes used to build input data libraries for CIDER. These utility codes are ENVFAC (environmental factors), FOOFAC (food factors), LIFFAC (lifestyle factors), and ORGFAC (organ factors). Finally, this document provides user instructions for the EXPAND utility code. The EXPAND code processes a result file from CIDER and extracts a summary of the dose information for reporting or plotting purposes.

Eslinger, P.W.; Lessor, K.S.; Ouderkirk, S.J.

1994-05-01

378

Tools Directory: Building Energy Software  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains descriptions of 283 energy-related software tools for buildings, with an emphasis on using renewable energy and achieving energy efficiency and sustainability in buildings. For each piece of software listed, descriptions of uses, intended audience, advantages, costs, disadvantages, and contact information is provided. Some of the software is available at no charge. Topics for which software is available include: codes and standards, HVAC equipment and systems, energy economics, solar climate analysis, water conservation, lighting, renewable energy, and green buildings.

2007-02-19

379

A Strategic Planning Guide for State-Level Early Childhood Systems-Building Initiatives: From Resources to Results for Young Children and Their Families. Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series. Number 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems (SECCS) Initiative represents a unique opportunity to improve the quality of life for young children and their families, and support them in reaching their full potential. Under the SECCS Initiative, state mother and child health agencies are being asked to apply MCH experience and expertise to a…

Tullis, Ericka; Sutherland, Carol; Uyeda, Kimberly; Halfon, Neal

2004-01-01

380

Are the National Electrical Code and the National Electrical Safety Code hazardous to your health?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Electrical Code and the National Electrical Safety Code are contributing to the shocking of Americans. The required wiring practices of the two codes encourages the flow of continuous, uncontrolled current over the earth, metallic piping, building steel, etc. This uncontrolled flow of current has resulted in unsafe electrical shocks to humans. This uncontrolled stray current may have resulted

Donald W. Zipse

1999-01-01

381

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-print Network

and Civil Engineering T Politics, International Studies and Philosophy V Psychology W Sociology, Social at Queen's 1 Canada Room/Council Chamber 13 Careers, Employability and Skills 24 Centre for Cancer Research Building 1n Development and Alumni Relations 13 Disability Services 8 Drama and Film Centre at Queen's (inc

Müller, Jens-Dominik

382

Applications of RESRAD family of computer codes to sites contaminated with radioactive residues.  

SciTech Connect

The RESIL4D family of computer codes was developed to provide a scientifically defensible answer to the question ''How clean is clean?'' and to provide useful tools for evaluating human health risk at sites contaminated with radioactive residues. The RESRAD codes include (1) RESRAD for soil contaminated with radionuclides; (2) RESRAD-BUILD for buildings contaminated with radionuclides; (3) RESRAD-CHEM for soil contaminated with hazardous chemicals; (4) RESRAD-BASELINE for baseline risk assessment with measured media concentrations of both radionuclides and chemicals; (5) RESRAD-ECORISK for ecological risk assessment; (6) RESRAD-RECYCLE for recycle and reuse of radiologically contaminated metals and equipment; and (7) RESRAD-OFFSITE for off-site receptor radiological dose assessment. Four of these seven codes (RESRAD, RESRAD-BUILD, RESRAD-RECYCLE, and RESRAD-OFFSITE) also have uncertainty analysis capabilities that allow the user to input distributions of parameters. RESRAD has been widely used in the United States and abroad and approved by many federal and state agencies. Experience has shown that the RESRAD codes are useful tools for evaluating sites contaminated with radioactive residues. The use of RESRAD codes has resulted in significant savings in cleanup cost. Analysis of 19 site-specific uranium guidelines is discussed in the paper.

Yu, C.; Kamboj, S.; Cheng, J.-J.; LePoire, D.; Gnanapragasam, E.; Zielen, A.; Williams, W. A.; Wallo, A.; Peterson, H.

1999-10-21

383

University of Newcastle upon Tyne Mobile Code for Coordination  

E-print Network

University of Newcastle upon Tyne COMPUTING SCIENCE Mobile Code for Coordination A. Iliasov. CS-TR-1013 April, 2007 Mobile Code for Coordination. Alexei Iliasov Abstract An effective coordination mechanism is central to building large distributed systems. Overcoming limitations

Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

384

Poll Code  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Are you a pollster? Would you like to be one? PollCode makes all of this quite simple. With this handy application, visitors can type in a poll question and up to 30 possible answers. Visitors can customize the poll with their own colors, font, and settings. After visitors have completed their poll, they can use the HTML code provided here to share their poll with others via social media networks and the like. This version of Poll Code is compatible with all operating systems. [KMG

2013-05-09

385

2/2/12 : Texas Administrative Code 1/5info.sos.state.tx.us/pls/pub/readtac$ext.TacPage?sl=R&app=9&p_dir=&p_rl  

E-print Network

2/2/12 : Texas Administrative Code 1/5info.sos.state.tx.us/pls/pub/readtac$ext.TacPage?sl=R&app=9&p A SUBCHAPTER C APP O AL OF NE ACADEMIC P OG AM AND ADMINI A I E CHANGE A P BLIC NI E I IE , HEAL H- ELA ED IN I he g a de e ie . #12;2/2/12 : Texas Administrative Code 2/5info.sos.state.tx.us/pls/pub/readtac$ext.TacPage?sl=R&app

386

The Connections among Immigration, Nation Building, and Adult Education English as a Second Language Instruction in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since its inception at the turn of the last century, adult education English as a Second Language (ESL) instruction in the United States has been entwined with immigration processes and ideas of the nation. In spite of current uncertainty about the overhauling of federal immigration policy, increasingly anti-immigrant laws in states such as…

Ullman, Char

2010-01-01

387

MHD simulations with the FLASH code  

Microsoft Academic Search

The FLASH code developed at the University of Chicago Flash Center is a modular, general-purpose, adaptive, parallel simulation code capable of handling compressible flow problems in various physical, in particular astrophysical, environments. Starting with version release 2.0, the FLASH code supports the equations of magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). In this paper, we will describe the present state of the code and the

Timur Linde

2002-01-01

388

Cost effectiveness of the 1993 model energy code in New Jersey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an analysis of cost effectiveness the Council of American Building Officials` 1993 Model Energy Code (MEC) building thermal-envelope requirements for single-family houses and multifamily housing units in New Jersey. Goal was to compare the cost effectiveness of the 1993 MEC to the alternate allowed in the 1993 Building Officials & Code Administrators (BOCA) National Energy Conservation Code --

1995-01-01

389

Strategic Prevention Framework State Incentive Grant Progress Report: Building a Sustainable Substance Abuse Prevention System, State of Hawai'i, 2006-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2006, the Hawai'i State Department of Health (DOH) received the Strategic Prevention Framework State Incentive Grant (SPF-SIG) from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) to establish a comprehensive, coordinated, and sustainable substance abuse prevention infrastructure in Hawai'i. The SPF-SIG Project is funded…

Yuan, S.; Lai, M.C.; Heusel, K.

2011-01-01

390

Interframe vector wavelet coding technique  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wavelet coding is often used to divide an image into multi- resolution wavelet coefficients which are quantized and coded. By 'vectorizing' scalar wavelet coding and combining this with vector quantization (VQ), vector wavelet coding (VWC) can be implemented. Using a finite number of states, finite-state vector quantization (FSVQ) takes advantage of the similarity between frames by incorporating memory into the video coding system. Lattice VQ eliminates the potential mismatch that could occur using pre-trained VQ codebooks. It also eliminates the need for codebook storage in the VQ process, thereby creating a more robust coding system. Therefore, by using the VWC coding method in conjunction with the FSVQ system and lattice VQ, the formulation of a high quality very low bit rate coding systems is proposed. A coding system using a simple FSVQ system where the current state is determined by the previous channel symbol only is developed. To achieve a higher degree of compression, a tree-like FSVQ system is implemented. The groupings are done in this tree-like structure from the lower subbands to the higher subbands in order to exploit the nature of subband analysis in terms of the parent-child relationship. Class A and Class B video sequences from the MPEG-IV testing evaluations are used in the evaluation of this coding method.

Wus, John P.; Li, Weiping

1997-01-01

391

1. Overview of Independence Street, with Building 1001 (administration building) ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Overview of Independence Street, with Building 1001 (administration building) on right, looking south - Naval Air Station Chase Field, Texas State Highway 202, 4.8 miles east of intersection of Texas State Highway 202 & U.S. State Highway 181, Beeville, Bee County, TX

392

Building a state or saving lives? : the processes, motives and politics behind the reconstruction of Afghanistan's health system  

E-print Network

Startlingly poor health statistics in Afghanistan clearly indicate that, in order to enhance the socio-economic status and overall stability of the state, a complete overhaul of its health care system is imperative. However, ...

Tulier, Melody Esther, 1980-

2005-01-01

393

22 CFR 9b.6 - Grounds for denial, revocation, or non-renewal of Department of State press building passes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...one year unless there are material changes in meeting the qualifications.) or, (b) Poses a risk of harm to the personal safety of Department of State or other Governmental personnel or to Government property; or (c) Engages or...

2013-04-01

394

22 CFR 9b.6 - Grounds for denial, revocation, or non-renewal of Department of State press building passes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...one year unless there are material changes in meeting the qualifications.) or, (b) Poses a risk of harm to the personal safety of Department of State or other Governmental personnel or to Government property; or (c) Engages or...

2011-04-01

395

22 CFR 9b.6 - Grounds for denial, revocation, or non-renewal of Department of State press building passes.  

...one year unless there are material changes in meeting the qualifications.) or, (b) Poses a risk of harm to the personal safety of Department of State or other Governmental personnel or to Government property; or (c) Engages or...

2014-04-01

396

22 CFR 9b.6 - Grounds for denial, revocation, or non-renewal of Department of State press building passes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...one year unless there are material changes in meeting the qualifications.) or, (b) Poses a risk of harm to the personal safety of Department of State or other Governmental personnel or to Government property; or (c) Engages or...

2012-04-01

397

22 CFR 9b.6 - Grounds for denial, revocation, or non-renewal of Department of State press building passes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...one year unless there are material changes in meeting the qualifications.) or, (b) Poses a risk of harm to the personal safety of Department of State or other Governmental personnel or to Government property; or (c) Engages or...

2010-04-01

398

Free Energy Code Online Discussion  

E-print Network

Free Energy Code Online Discussion for Building Department Personnel Join us for this FREE 90-minute interactive online event to discuss and decode Title 24 Part 6 residential HVAC changeout of the California Energy Commission. Date: 3 dates currently offered, choose the one that works for you

399

Speech coding  

SciTech Connect

Speech is the predominant means of communication between human beings and since the invention of the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876, speech services have remained to be the core service in almost all telecommunication systems. Original analog methods of telephony had the disadvantage of speech signal getting corrupted by noise, cross-talk and distortion Long haul transmissions which use repeaters to compensate for the loss in signal strength on transmission links also increase the associated noise and distortion. On the other hand digital transmission is relatively immune to noise, cross-talk and distortion primarily because of the capability to faithfully regenerate digital signal at each repeater purely based on a binary decision. Hence end-to-end performance of the digital link essentially becomes independent of the length and operating frequency bands of the link Hence from a transmission point of view digital transmission has been the preferred approach due to its higher immunity to noise. The need to carry digital speech became extremely important from a service provision point of view as well. Modem requirements have introduced the need for robust, flexible and secure services that can carry a multitude of signal types (such as voice, data and video) without a fundamental change in infrastructure. Such a requirement could not have been easily met without the advent of digital transmission systems, thereby requiring speech to be coded digitally. The term Speech Coding is often referred to techniques that represent or code speech signals either directly as a waveform or as a set of parameters by analyzing the speech signal. In either case, the codes are transmitted to the distant end where speech is reconstructed or synthesized using the received set of codes. A more generic term that is applicable to these techniques that is often interchangeably used with speech coding is the term voice coding. This term is more generic in the sense that the coding techniques are equally applicable to any voice signal whether or not it carries any intelligible information, as the term speech implies. Other terms that are commonly used are speech compression and voice compression since the fundamental idea behind speech coding is to reduce (compress) the transmission rate (or equivalently the bandwidth) And/or reduce storage requirements In this document the terms speech and voice shall be used interchangeably.

Ravishankar, C., Hughes Network Systems, Germantown, MD

1998-05-08

400

Radiation exposure inside reinforced concrete buildings at Nagasaki.  

PubMed

In this study, the radiation doses to occupants of two reinforced concrete buildings at Nagasaki, who survived the immediate effects of the nuclear weapon detonation, are determined using state-of-the-art radiation transport techniques. The radiation doses at all locations in the buildings are calculated using the Three-Dimensional Oak Ridge Discrete Ordinates Radiation Transport Code which was constructed especially for this task. This code represents a new and unique capability that has been previously reported. This study resulted in case-by-case lists of doses to occupants and an uncertainty analysis. These data have been used in a companion study as the basis for determining a new value of the dose producing a 50% risk of fatality. PMID:1399637

Rhoades, W A; Childs, R L; Ingersoll, D T

1992-11-01

401

An integrated life cycle assessment model: Energy and greenhouse gas performance of residential heritage buildings, and the influence of retrofit strategies in the state of Victoria in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heritage buildings are of significant cultural importance to Australia. They are at risk of becoming obsolete under the stringent building energy efficiency regulations being introduced currently. This article develops an integrated framework combining building energy efficiency simulation and appliance characteristic components, with a five stage life cycle assessment framework. The life cycle performance of eight residential heritage buildings in Victoria

Deepak Sivaraman

402

Exterior building details of Building A; north façade: two threelight ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building A; north façade: two three-light wood casement windows flank a three-light fixed wood window with concrete sill; southerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

403

Exterior building details of Building A; east façade: profiled cement ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building A; east façade: profiled cement plaster door surround, black mesh gate protects a two-light transom atop non-original metal door; westerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

404

81. BUILDING NO. 561, CANNON POWDER BLENDER, LOOKING NORTHWEST, BUILDING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

81. BUILDING NO. 561, CANNON POWDER BLENDER, LOOKING NORTHWEST, BUILDING NO. 561-A, PROPELLANT PLANT (FIREPROOF SHELTER), IN FOREGROUND, BUILDING NO. 561-D IN EXTREME FOREGROUND. - Picatinny Arsenal, 500 Area, Powder Factory & Power House, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

405

Exterior building details of Building A; east façade: concrete staircase, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building A; east façade: concrete staircase, profiled cement, plaster door surround, recessed panel inscribed "1859", historic window opening with concrete sill above door, cement plaster dentil course and cornice truncated wood beam ends, plaster finished brick wall, granite base; westerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

406

Exterior building details of Building B, east façade: ellshaped south ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building B, east façade: ell-shaped south facing concrete staircase with decorative pipe railing, second floor entrance with cement plaster profiled surround, dentil course cornice, truncated embedded wood beams, cream colored plaster-finished exterior façade, closed off window well with protruding vent; northwesterly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

407

Exterior building details of Building A; east façade: recessed panel ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building A; east façade: recessed panel inscribed "1859", historic window opening with concrete sill above door, cement plaster dentil course and cornice, truncated wood beam ends, plaster finished brick wall, granite base; westerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

408

Exterior building details of Building C, east façade: inscribed date ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building C, east façade: inscribed date panel "hospital 1885", corbelled brick belt course, parapet, second floor historic four-over-four window with brick lintels, quoins and decorative metal grilled, cantilever wooden walkway; westerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

409

A Bill to Amend Title 38, United States Code, to Provide Counseling for Certain Veterans; . . . and Utilization of Veterans Readjustment Assistance Programs. H.R. 2231. 95th Congress, 1st Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This U.S. House of Representatives bill (H.R. 2231), to be cited, if enacted, as the Comprehensive Veterans Readjustment Assistance Act of 1977, would amend title 38, United States Code, to provide counseling for certain veterans; to permit acceleration of monthly educational assistance payments to eligible veterans and dependents; to revise the…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC.

410

New Buildings Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The New Buildings Institute promotes "energy efficiency in buildings through policy development, research, guidelines and codes." Substantial information about lighting, architecture, and mechanical systems is available on the institute's homepage. The online reports, tools, and suggested practices come from a variety of sources, including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and the institute itself. A large section of the Web site that can easily be overlooked contains many additional resources about the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) program. A brief, free registration is required to access certain online publications, such as the 2003 edition of Advanced Lighting Guidelines.

411

Overview of the CONTAIN LMR code  

SciTech Connect

The use of containments in proposed US Liquid Metal Reactors (LMR) will require that a computational tool be available for safety analysis. As a result of an international cooperative effort, such a tool has been produced in the CONTAIN-LMR computer code. This is a version of the CONTAIN code that has been enhanced with extra capabilities for LMR applications. CONTAIN is the NRC's best-estimate code for the evaluation of the conditions that may exist inside a reactor containment building during a severe accident. Included in the phenomena modeled are thermal-hydraulics, radiant and convective heat transfer, aerosol loading and transient response, fission product transport and heating effects, and interactions of sodium and corium with the containment atmosphere and structures. CONTAIN-LMR includes models for sodium-concrete interactions, debris bed phenomena and other LMR-specific models in an integrated manner. This paper summarizes the current state of CONTAIN-LMR. A brief description of the physical models is presented. As an example of model integration in CONTAIN-LMR, recent work on the debris bed models will be discussed. Recent applications of CONTAIN-LMR are discussed. 9 refs., 5 figs.

Carroll, D.E.

1988-01-01

412

This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University  

E-print Network

: Padhmanabhan S., Fisher, D.E., and Cremaschi, L., "A Scaling Approach for Predicting Frost Growth in a Heat in cold climates suffer from a drop in efficiency in winter due to frosting of the outdoor coil. Because frost and defrost are transient phenomena, steady state models used by heat pump manufacturers do

413

Erasmus Policy Statement The University of Kent's Internationalisation Strategy has the stated mission to build on our  

E-print Network

are appropriately strategic, high quality, and enhance the reputation of the University, all Kent faculty and staff academic profile and reputation, is a suitable `fit' for the University. Strategic partnerships haveErasmus Policy Statement The University of Kent's Internationalisation Strategy has the stated

Banaji,. Murad

414

Timing Is Everything: Building State Policy on Teacher Credentialing in an Era of Multiple, Competing, and Rapid Education Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Senate Bill (SB) 2042, authored by Senator Marion Bergeson, was passed to establish a new system for providing teacher preparation within the state of California. The credentialing reforms introduced in SB 2042 follow a tradition described by Irving Hendrik and stake their own claims regarding the locus of control over teacher quality, the role of…

Sandy, Mary Vixie

2006-01-01

415

Consensus building and recommendations based on the available epidemiology of meningococcal disease in Gulf Cooperation Council States.  

PubMed

The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) States share concerns about meningococcal disease, particularly in association with the Hajj and Umrah pilgrimages, which have been connected with outbreaks within the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and among contacts of the pilgrims in their countries of origin. Currently, the most prevalent meningococcal serogroup in the GCC States is W-135. Although vaccination with polysaccharide vaccines has protected pilgrims and their close contacts from invasive disease, the potential availability of novel conjugate vaccines, such as the one currently used for vaccination of military personnel in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, prompted an evaluation of disease epidemiology in the region. For several countries, published data on recent epidemiology are not available. We report findings from a meeting of the GCC States Meningitis Study Group, which comprised experts from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Kingdom of Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, the Sultanate of Oman, and the United Arab Emirates. These experts provided an update on epidemiology and current vaccination practices in the GCC States, and discussed new approaches to more effective disease prevention. PMID:21345738

Memish, Ziad A; Shibl, Atef M

2011-03-01

416

This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University  

E-print Network

for Residential Ground Source Heat Pump Systems In the United States. ASHRAE Transactions. 118. The present work seeks to identify, via parametric study, how a ground source heat pump system that utilizes;©2012 ASHRAE 1039 ABSTRACT Foundation heat exchangers (FHXs) used in residential ground source heat pump

417

An algebraic approach to network coding  

Microsoft Academic Search

We take a new look at the issue of network capacity. It is shown that network coding is an essential ingredient in achieving the capacity of a network. Building on recent work by Li et al., who examined the network capacity of multicast networks, we extend the network coding framework to arbitrary networks and robust networking. For networks which are

Ralf Koetter; Muriel Médard

2003-01-01

418

Developmental Cell A Combinatorial Code for Pattern  

E-print Network

suggests that they follow a simple combinatorial code based on six spatial building blocks and the operations of union, difference, intersection, and addition. The building blocks are related receptor (EGFR) and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathways (Dobens and Raftery, 2000; Berg

Shvartsman, Stanislav "Stas"

419

DOE Coordination Meeting CODES & STANDARDS  

E-print Network

Association's (NFPA's) hearing cycle. Facilitate in the adoption of the International Code Council's codes and adopt the revised NFPA 55 standard for hydrogen storage with data from Technology Validation projects workshops for state and local officials. 4 3Q, 2004Collaborate with ICC and NFPA to develop first

420

QR Codes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents an m-learning method that incorporates Integrated Quick Response (QR) codes. This learning method not only achieves the objectives of outdoor education, but it also increases applications of Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning (CTML) (Mayer, 2001) in m-learning for practical use in a diverse range of outdoor locations. When…

Lai, Hsin-Chih; Chang, Chun-Yen; Li, Wen-Shiane; Fan, Yu-Lin; Wu, Ying-Tien

2013-01-01

421

Interior building details of Building A, Room A109 Dutch door, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior building details of Building A, Room A109 Dutch door, room A-108 single panel wood door with wood trim northerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

422

Interior building details of Building D, Room D101 partition wall ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior building details of Building D, Room D-101 partition wall with multi-pane wood sash, timber wood truss ceiling; northerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

423

9. BUILDING NO. 620B, FRICTION PENDULUM BUILDING. 29FOOT DROP TOWER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. BUILDING NO. 620-B, FRICTION PENDULUM BUILDING. 29-FOOT DROP TOWER SITS BEHIND BLAST SHIELD IN FRONT OF BUILDING. - Picatinny Arsenal, 600 Area, Test Areas District, State Route 15 near I-80, Dover, Morris County, NJ

424

Interior building details of Building D, Room D101 to Room ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior building details of Building D, Room D-101 to Room D-101c partition wall with multi-pane wood sash; westerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

425

Jackson Park Hospital Green Building Medical Center  

SciTech Connect

Jackson Park Hospital completed the construction of a new Medical Office Building on its campus this spring. The new building construction has adopted the City of Chicago�s recent focus on protecting the environment, and conserving energy and resources, with the introduction of green building codes. Located in a poor, inner city neighborhood on the South side of Chicago, Jackson Park Hospital has chosen green building strategies to help make the area a better place to live and work.

William Dorsey; Nelson Vasquez

2010-03-01

426

Code Readiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Should a crisis hit the University of Montana, students sitting in classrooms will get immediate emergency information, even if their mobile phones are turned off and they aren't online. Classrooms, dorms, and other buildings are now outfitted with LED message boards--a sort of wall-mounted electronic pager--that use widely understood colors of…

Lapin, Lisa

2009-01-01

427

Investigating the performance and energy saving potential of Chinese commercial building benchmark models for the hot humid and severe cold climate regions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The demand for energy in China is growing at an alarming rate. Buildings have become a significant component of the energy-demand mix accounting for nearly one-quarter of the country's total primary energy consumption. This study compares the building code standards for office and hotel buildings in the hot humid and severe cold climate regions of China and the United States. Benchmark office and hotel building models have been developed for Guangzhou and Harbin, China that meets China's minimum national and regional building energy codes with the integration of common design and construction practices for each region. These models are compared to the ASHRAE standard based US reference building models for Houston, Texas and Duluth, Minnesota which have similar climate conditions. The research further uses a building energy optimization tool to optimize the Chinese benchmarks using existing US products to identify the primary areas for potential energy savings. In the case of the Harbin models, an economic analysis has also been performed to determine the economic feasibility of alternative building designs. The most significant energy-saving options are then presented as recommendations for potential improvements to current China building energy codes.

Herrmann, Lesley Anne

428

Late Miocene to present deformation and erosion of the Central Alps - Evidence for steady state mountain building from thermokinematic data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present new apatite fission track and apatite (U-Th)/He data from the Alpine orogenic front, the Austrian Subalpine Molasse. We show that the cooling signal reported from the Swiss part of the basin since 10 Ma is also present farther east. Hence, it appears to be independent of the kinematic relation to thrusting in the external thrust belt present further west, the Jura Mountains. By reconstructing the Central Alpine pro-wedge geometry at 10 Ma, we show that the taper of the Central Alps has not changed significantly and presumably remained close to the critical state since then. From cooling offsets at faults, the present day shortening rate of the pro-wedge ranges between 1.0 and 2.0 mm/a and appears to have been constant since at least the Late Miocene. In conjunction with the observations of repeated out-of-sequence thrusting in the Subalpine Molasse, a stationary deformation front, constant shortening and erosion rates and the constant taper, we argue that the Central Alpine pro-wedge is at kinematic, as well as at mass flux steady-state since 10 Ma. Our results suggest that distinct climate-driven erosion events - in contrast to more continuous erosion - are not distinguishable in the deformation record of the last 10 Ma. Hence, kinematic and mass flux steady state in the Central Alpine pro-wedge along with stable localization of deformation restricted to the Subalpine Molasse may indicate a feedback between ongoing shortening and erosion at low rates during the Late Neogene to present.

von Hagke, C.; Oncken, O.; Ortner, H.; Cederbom, C. E.; Aichholzer, S.

2014-09-01

429

"Watts per person" paradigm to design net zero energy buildings: Examining technology interventions and integrating occupant feedback to reduce plug loads in a commercial building  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As building envelopes have improved due to more restrictive energy codes, internal loads have increased largely due to the proliferation of computers, electronics, appliances, imaging and audio visual equipment that continues to grow in commercial buildings. As the dependency on the internet for information and data transfer increases, the electricity demand will pose a challenge to design and operate Net Zero Energy Buildings (NZEBs). Plug Loads (PLs) as a proportion of the building load has become the largest non-regulated building energy load and represents the third highest electricity end-use in California's commercial office buildings, accounting for 23% of the total building electricity consumption (Ecova 2011,2). In the Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (AEO2008), prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) that presents long-term projections of energy supply and demand through 2030 states that office equipment and personal computers are the "fastest growing electrical end uses" in the commercial sector. This thesis entitled "Watts Per Person" Paradigm to Design Net Zero Energy Buildings, measures the implementation of advanced controls and behavioral interventions to study the reduction of PL energy use in the commercial sector. By integrating real world data extracted from an energy efficient commercial building of its energy use, the results produce a new methodology on estimating PL energy use by calculating based on "Watts Per Person" and analyzes computational simulation methods to design NZEBs.

Yagi Kim, Mika

430

Using bioprocess stoichiometry to build a plant-wide mass balance based steady-state WWTP model.  

PubMed

Steady-state models are useful for design of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) because they allow reactor sizes and interconnecting flows to be simply determined from explicit equations in terms of unit operation performance criteria. Once the overall WWTP scheme is established and the main system defining parameters of the individual unit operations estimated, dynamic models can be applied to the connected unit operations to refine their design and evaluate their performance under dynamic flow and load conditions. To model anaerobic digestion (AD) within plant-wide WWTP models, not only COD and nitrogen (N) but also carbon (C) fluxes entering the AD need to be defined. Current plant-wide models, like benchmark simulation model No 2 (BSM2), impose a C flux at the AD influent. In this paper, the COD and N mass balance steady-state models of activated sludge (AS) organics degradation, nitrification and denitrification (ND) and anaerobic (AD) and aerobic (AerD) digestion of wastewater sludge are extended and linked with bioprocess transformation stoichiometry to form C, H, O, N, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and charge mass balance based models so that also C (and H and O) can be tracked through the whole WWTP. By assigning a stoichiometric composition (x, y, z and a in C(x)H(y)O(z)N(a)) to each of the five main influent wastewater organic fractions and ammonia, these, and the products generated from them via the biological processes, are tracked through the WWTP. The model is applied to two theoretical case study WWTPs treating the same raw wastewater (WW) to the same final sludge residual biodegradable COD. It is demonstrated that much useful information can be generated with the relatively simple steady-state models to aid WWTP layout design and track the different products exiting the WWTP via the solid, liquid and gas streams, such as aerobic versus anaerobic digestion of waste activated sludge, N loads in recycle streams, methane production for energy recovery and green house gas (CO(2), CH(4)) generation. To reduce trial and error usage of WWTP simulation software, it is recommended that they are extended to include pre-processors based on mass balance steady-state models to assist with WWTP layout design, unit operation selection, reactor sizing, option evaluation and comparison and wastewater characterization before dynamic simulation. PMID:19345392

Ekama, G A

2009-05-01

431

Healthy Buildings?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health problems related to school buildings can be categorized in five major areas: sick-building syndrome; health-threatening building materials; environmental hazards such as radon gas and asbestos; lead poisoning; and poor indoor air quality due to smoke, chemicals, and other pollutants. This paper provides an overview of these areas,…

Grubb, Deborah

432

Building Resonance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This demonstration of how buildings respond to seismic shaking uses cardboard and stiff paper (such as postcards or computer cards). The effects of building resonance can be found by experimenting with taller and shorter buildings, and varying the frequency of shaking.

Barker, Jeffrey

433

DEPARTMENTAL CODE Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENTAL CODE Department of Psychology Colorado State University Approved May 13, 2009 #12........................................................................... 3 II. Mission of the Department of Psychology................................................................................................ 7 VI. Review of Candidates for Faculty Positions

434

FLYCHK Collisional-Radiative Code  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

SRD 160 FLYCHK Collisional-Radiative Code (Web, free access)   FLYCHK provides a capability to generate atomic level populations and charge state distributions for low-Z to mid-Z elements under NLTE conditions.

435

Quantum Secret Authentication Code  

E-print Network

This study proposes a quantum secret authentication code for protecting the integrity of secret quantum states. Since BB84[1] was first proposed, the eavesdropper detection strategy in almost all quantum cryptographic protocols is based on the random sample discussion, in which the probability of eavesdropper detection is depending on the number of check qubits eavesdropped by the eavesdropper. Hence, if the eavesdropper interferes only a few qubits of the transmitted quantum sequence, then the detection probability will be very low. This study attempts to propose a quantum secret authentication code to solve this problem. With the use of quantum secret authentication code, not only is the probability of eavesdropper detection guaranteed to be evenly distributed no matter how many qubits had been eavesdropped, but also can the quantum transmission efficiency be highly enhanced.

Tong-Xuan Wei; Tzonelih Hwang; Chia-Wei Tsai

2011-08-17

436

The retrofitting of existing buildings for seismic criteria  

E-print Network

This thesis describes the process for retrofitting a building for seismic criteria. It explains the need for a new, performance-based design code to provide a range of acceptable building behavior. It then outlines the ...

Besing, Christa, 1978-

2004-01-01

437

A building overlooking the Aegean Sea in Kastro  

E-print Network

for blue building trim. He said the blue color matches the color of the sky and the sea. There are building codes for paint color ­ white or "natural" stone with blue or green trim. White with blue dominated

Nystuen, Jeffrey A.

438

Design and Use of Interactive Learning Stations in Construction Education for Building Mechanical, Electrical, and Plumbing Systems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past several years, the building codes that govern the design and installation of mechanical and electrical systems for buildings have become increasingly prescriptive in nature, specifying detailed information related to the design and installation of the systems, while offering no reasoning behind their prescriptive measures. Students now read about the design and installation of these systems in textbooks, and using the building codes, have in-class exercises drafting the systems, which in industry are used for fabrication and installation. Therefore, in conjunction with a new curriculum proposed for the construction management department at California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly), San Luis Obispo an interactive learning station was developed for student use to enhance student learning. This paper focuses on the design and use of interactive learning stations for building mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) systems that allow construction students to perform hands-on fit-up exercises and test their performance.

Korman, Thomas; Simonian, Lonny

2009-10-16

439

Quantitative comparison of passive solar simulation codes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several members of the Systems Simulation and Economic software comparison of passive solar simulation codes. The problems selected and defined by the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory for analysis include both a vented and an unvented Trombe wall and a direct gain building. The individuals organizations, and associated computer models involved in this exercise are Byron Wynn, Colorado State University (CSU) (FREHEAT); Larry Palmitier, National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT) (SUNCAT); Bill Beckman, the University of Wisconsin (WIS) (TRNSYS); Bill Wray, LASL (PASOLE, SUNSPOT); and John Moore, LASL (DOE-2). Each of these organizations submitted simulation results and a comparative analysis was conducted. Excellent agreement was achieved on annual auxiliary heat loads, but several detailed heat fluxes within the structures showed significant scatter, as did both the ventilation and auxiliary cooling.

Wray, W. O.

440

The development of CACTUS : a wind and marine turbine performance simulation code.  

SciTech Connect

CACTUS (Code for Axial and Cross-flow TUrbine Simulation) is a turbine performance simulation code, based on a free wake vortex method, under development at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) as part of a Department of Energy program to study marine hydrokinetic (MHK) devices. The current effort builds upon work previously done at SNL in the area of vertical axis wind turbine simulation, and aims to add models to handle generic device geometry and physical models specific to the marine environment. An overview of the current state of the project and validation effort is provided.

Barone, Matthew Franklin; Murray, Jonathan

2010-12-01

441

Rise of the Build Infrastructure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

CMS Offline Software, CMSSW, is an extremely large software project, with roughly 3 millions lines of code, two hundreds of active developers and two to three active development branches. Given the scale of the problem, both from a technical and a human point of view, being able to keep on track such a large project, bug free, and to deliver builds for different architectures is a challenge in itself. Moreover the challenges posed by the future migration of CMSSW to multithreading also require adapting and improving our QA tools. We present the work done in the last two years in our build and integration infrastructure, particularly in the form of improvements to our build tools, in the simplification and extensibility of our build infrastructure and the new features added to our QA and profiling tools. Finally we present our plans for the future directions for code management and how this reflects on our workflows and the underlying software infrastructure.

Eulisse, Giulio; Muzaffar, Shahzad; Abdurachmanov, David; Mendez, David

2014-06-01

442

Building Bridges to Postsecondary Training for Low-Skill Adults: Outcomes of Washington State's I-BEST Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nationally, relatively few of the more than 2.5 million adults who enroll annually in basic skills programs advance successfully to college-level coursework. This limits the ability of such individuals to secure jobs that pay family-supporting wages and that offer opportunity for career advancement. This Brief, which is based on CCRC Working Paper No. 16, summarizes findings from a study conducted by the Community College Research Center (CCRC) at Teachers College, Columbia University, on the outcomes of the Integrated Basic Education and Skills Training program, or I-BEST, an innovative program developed by the community and technical colleges in Washington State to increase the rate at which adult basic skills students enter and succeed in postsecondary occupational education and training.

2011-10-18

443

Continuation of research into language concepts for the mission support environment: Source code  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research into language concepts for the Mission Control Center is presented. A computer code for source codes is presented. The file contains the routines which allow source code files to be created and compiled. The build process assumes that all elements and the COMP exist in the current directory. The build process places as much code generation as possible on the preprocessor as possible. A summary is given of the source files as used and/or manipulated by the build routine.

Barton, Timothy J.; Ratner, Jeremiah M.

1991-01-01

444

Utility residential new construction programs: Going beyond the code. A report from the Database on Energy Efficiency Programs (DEEP) Project  

SciTech Connect

Based on an evaluation of 10 residential new construction programs, primarily sponsored by investor-owned utilities in the United States, we find that many of these programs are in dire straits and are in danger of being discontinued because current inclusion of only direct program effects leads to the conclusion that they are not cost-effective. We believe that the cost-effectiveness of residential new construction programs can be improved by: (1) promoting technologies and advanced building design practices that significantly exceed state and federal standards; (2) reducing program marketing costs and developing more effective marketing strategies; (3) recognizing the role of these programs in increasing compliance with existing state building codes; and (4) allowing utilities to obtain an ``energy-savings credit`` from utility regulators for program spillover (market transformation) impacts. Utilities can also leverage their resources in seizing these opportunities by forming strong and trusting partnerships with the building community and with local and state government.

Vine, E.

1995-08-01

445

Analysis of low density codes and improved designs using irregular graphs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In (6), Gallager introduces a family of codes based on sparse bipartite graphs, which he calls low-density parity-check codes. He suggests a natural decoding algorithm for these codes, and proves a good bound on the fraction of errors that can be corrected. As the codes that Gallager builds are derived from regular graphs, we refer to them as regular codes.

Michael Mitzenmacher; A. Shokrollah; Daniel A. Spielman

1998-01-01

446

Commercial building energy standards implementation: Myth vs reality  

SciTech Connect

Since the advent of building energy standards almost 20 years ago there have been numerous codes, standards, and regulations (herein after referred to as standards) developed, adopted, and applied to new commercial building design and construction. The development of these standards occurs primarily at the national level, while adoption and implementation occurs at the state and local levels of government. Many assume that the mere adoption of a standard ensures that compliance is achieved and energy conserving buildings automatically result from the process. This assumption accounts for the myth that all buildings are constructed in compliance with the adopted standard and in reality many are not. There are many different processes by which standards are adopted and actually implemented, and they directly affect how close reality is to the myth. The paper presents the different processes used throughout the US to adopt and implement building energy standards for new commercial buildings, reviews available studies on compliance, discusses the reasons for reduced compliance, and suggests programs to improve today`s realities.

Conover, D.R.; Jarnagin, R.E.; Shankle, D.

1992-08-01

447

Commercial building energy standards implementation: Myth vs reality  

SciTech Connect

Since the advent of building energy standards almost 20 years ago there have been numerous codes, standards, and regulations (herein after referred to as standards) developed, adopted, and applied to new commercial building design and construction. The development of these standards occurs primarily at the national level, while adoption and implementation occurs at the state and local levels of government. Many assume that the mere adoption of a standard ensures that compliance is achieved and energy conserving buildings automatically result from the process. This assumption accounts for the myth that all buildings are constructed in compliance with the adopted standard and in reality many are not. There are many different processes by which standards are adopted and actually implemented, and they directly affect how close reality is to the myth. The paper presents the different processes used throughout the US to adopt and implement building energy standards for new commercial buildings, reviews available studies on compliance, discusses the reasons for reduced compliance, and suggests programs to improve today's realities.

Conover, D.R.; Jarnagin, R.E.; Shankle, D.

1992-08-01

448

Assessment of Building Energy-Saving Policies and Programs in China During the 11th Five Year Plan  

SciTech Connect

China's 11th Five-Year Plan (FYP) sets an ambitious target to reduce the energy intensity per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) by 20% from 2005 to 2010 (NDRC, 2006). In the building sector, the primary energy-saving target allocated during the 11 FYP period is 100 Mtce. Savings are expected to be achieved through the strengthening of enforcement of building energy efficiency codes, existing building retrofits and heat supply system reform, followed by energy management of government office buildings and large scale public buildings, adoption of renewable energy sources. To date, China has reported that it achieved the half of the 20% intensity reduction target by the end of 2008, however, little has been made clear on the status and the impact of the building programs. There has also been lack of description on methodology for calculating the savings and baseline definition, and no total savings that have been officially reported to date. This paper intends to provide both quantitative and qualitative assessment of the key policies and programs in building sector that China has instituted in its quest to fulfill the national goal. Overall, this paper concludes that the largest improvement for building energy efficiency were achieved in new buildings; the program to improve the energy management in government and large scale public buildings are in line with the target; however the progress in the area of existing building retrofits, particularly heating supply system reform lags behind the stated goal by a large amount.

Zhou, Nan; Mcneil, Michael; Levine, Mark

2011-03-01

449

Development of a Texas Building Registry  

E-print Network

The Texas Building Registry (TBR or Registry) provides data collection, storage, and analysis of above-code residential housing construction in Texas. The original system was developed to support the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP). Since 2005...

Gilman, D. R.; Haberl, J.; Kayati, M.; O'Neal, S.

450

Practical concerns for refrigerant management in buildings  

SciTech Connect

The new laws that regulate the HVAC industry are sometimes confusing and carry heavy fines for non-compliance. The guidelines set forth in ASHRAE Standard 15-1992, Safety Code for Mechanical Refrigeration, may not show up in local codes for quite some time, which leaves the question of diligence in the hands of the building owner. In the case of equipment retrofit, city permits may not be acquired and whether Standard 15 is being met by contractors and owners is a matter of choice. Standard 15 involves refrigeration room ventilation, doors and passageways, long and short-term refrigerant monitoring, pressure-relief piping, alarms, self-contained breathing apparatus requirements, etc. In terms of being practical with liability, nothing short of strict compliance with Standard 15 will provide protection. Once beyond chiller room safety, EPA compliance, namely Rule 608 (National Emissions Reduction Program) of Title VI Clean Air Act of 1990, requires minimal record keeping when CFC and HCFC refrigerants are present. The EPA suggests the following measures as a means of getting started with a practical approach to managing refrigerant in buildings: (1) designate a facility refrigerant manager; (2) conduct an inventory of equipment and refrigerants; and (3) develop a refrigerant management plan. The plan should combine these actions: maintaining existing equipment; retrofitting equipment to alternative refrigerants; and replacing oil or inefficient equipment. Lastly, when making decisions about replacement refrigerants, keep in mind that the United States could be moving toward mandated limits on greenhouse gas emissions.

Wylie, D. (ASW Engineering, Tustin, CA (United States))

1994-01-01

451

DEPARTMENT CODE Department of Computer Science  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENT CODE Department of Computer Science College of Natural Sciences Colorado State and Amendment of this Code 19 #12;1 MISSION AND OBJECTIVES 3 Preamble This Code of the Department of Computer Science1 is a manual of operation that describes the functioning of the Department by codifying policy

452

Building Houses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Build a house you can fit inside, using cardboard tubes. Variations of this activity include building for a toy (easier) or building a house the right size for a stuffed animal or a garage for a toy car. Also included is an option to build houses inspired by those around the world (harder). This activity focuses on the understanding of sizes and shapes: Can I fit in this if I stand up? if I sit? Do we have enough cardboard tubes to make a triangular roof? This activity is available as a webpage and a downloadable pdf. Students should have the ability to use scissors and tape well.

2010-01-01

453

Building Together  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Bob the Builder(TM)-themed activity, learners explore what it means to work together as a team. Learners repeat the phrase âCan We Build It?(TM) Yes We Can!â until they can chant it together as a team. Then, learners repeat the chant at each activity station. Learners rotate through the stations where they build with blocks, LEGO® bricks or other small manipulatives, hammer nails and wood, pump with water, and construct a building site by moving sand with toy trucks. This activity is featured on page 9 of the "Bob the Builder(TM) â Project: Build It" unit of study.

Indianapolis, The C.

2006-01-01

454

LDPC code-based bandwidth efficient coding schemes for wireless communications  

E-print Network

This dissertation deals with the design of bandwidth-efficient coding schemes with Low-Density Parity-Check (LDPC) for reliable wireless communications. Code design for wireless channels roughly falls into three categories: (1) when channel state...

Sankar, Hari

2009-06-02

455

Understanding perception through neural "codes".  

PubMed

A major challenge for cognitive scientists is to deduce and explain the neural mechanisms of the rapid transposition between stimulus energy and recalled memory-between the specific (sensation) and the generic (perception)-in both material and mental aspects. Researchers are attempting three explanations in terms of neural codes. The microscopic code: cellular neurobiologists correlate stimulus properties with the rates and frequencies of trains of action potentials induced by stimuli and carried by topologically organized axons. The mesoscopic code: cognitive scientists formulate symbolic codes in trains of action potentials from feature-detector neurons of phonemes, lines, odorants, vibrations, faces, etc., that object-detector neurons bind into representations of stimuli. The macroscopic code: neurodynamicists extract neural correlates of stimuli and associated behaviors in spatial patterns of oscillatory fields of dendritic activity, which self-organize and evolve on trajectories through high-dimensional brain state space. This multivariate code is expressed in landscapes of chaotic attractors. Unlike other scientific codes, such as DNA and the periodic table, these neural codes have no alphabet or syntax. They are epistemological metaphors that experimentalists need to measure neural activity and engineers need to model brain functions. My aim is to describe the main properties of the macroscopic code and the grand challenge it poses: how do very large patterns of textured synchronized oscillations form in cortex so quickly? PMID:21134811

Freeman, Walter J

2011-07-01

456

Hot tap water legislation in the United States.  

PubMed

Excessively hot tap water results in an estimated 1500 hospital admissions and up to 50 deaths in the United States every year. This study reviewed the current state of tap water temperature regulation in the United States, including the model plumbing code standards on which state legislation in this area is based; assessed the level of public awareness regarding the risk, prevalence, and severity of such injuries; and identified specific prevention measures. Relevant information was obtained from state legislative codes, model code development organizations, the US Consumer Product Safety Commission, and a survey of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to tap water temperature safety. Model building and plumbing codes related to tap water temperature regulation and their subsequent adoption by state legislatures vary widely across the United States. The states also vary with respect to the authority provided to lower levels of government (counties or municipalities) to modify and enforce code provisions. Public awareness of hot tap water hazards and implementation of preventive measures are limited. A broader and more uniform application of codes for regulating tap water temperature in both institutional and residential settings can be achieved through input from affected users, government agencies, legislators, advocacy organizations, and the general public. Safer hot water temperatures and a reduction in scald injuries can be achieved through regulating hot water temperature level at the thermostat, installing temperature-regulating valves at the tap, and raising public awareness of hot tap water hazards. PMID:20864897

Peck, Michael; Brewer, Ann Chang; Pressman, Melissa; Blank, Elizabeth; Mickalide, Angela

2010-01-01

457

Lymphoma Coding Guidelines  

Cancer.gov

Coding Guidelines LYMPHOMA M9590/3-M9738/3 See the Hematopoietic and Lymphoid Neoplasm Case Reportability and Coding Manual and the Hematopoietic Database (DB) for more information and coding instructions. First Course of Therapy Do not code

458

Thyroid Coding Guidelines  

Cancer.gov

Coding Guidelines THYROID GLAND C739 Coding Hormone Therapy Code Hormone Therapy as 01 for follicular and/or papillary thyroid cancer when thyroid hormone therapy is given. Do not code replacement therapy as treatment unless the tumor is papillary

459

Building Astronomy Curriculum to Include the Sight Impaired: Week long summer camp activities for Middle School Students adherent to Washington State Curriculum Standards (EALR's)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Currently astronomy learning is heavily geared towards visual aids; however, roughly 10 million people in North America are sight impaired. Every student should have access to meaningful astronomy curriculum; an understanding of astronomy is an expectation of national and state science learning requirements. Over the last ten years, Noreen Grice has developed Braille and large print astronomy text books aimed at sight impaired learners. We build upon Grice's written work and present here a five day lesson plan that integrates 2D reading with 3D activities. Through this curriculum, students develop an intuitive understanding of astronomical distance, size, composition and lifetimes. We present five distinct lesson modules that can be taught individually or in a sequential form: the planets, our sun, stars, stellar evolution and galaxies. We have tested these modules on sight impaired students and report the results here. Overall, we find the work presented here lends itself equally well to a week long science camp geared toward middle school sight impaired taught by astronomers or as supplemental material integrated into a regular classroom science curriculum. This work was made possible by a 2007 Simple Effective Education and Dissemination (SEED) Grant For Astronomy Researchers, Astronomical Society of the Pacific through funds provided by the Planck Mission, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology.

Ramien, Natalie; Loebman, S. R.; Player, V.; Larson, A.; Torcolini, N. B.; Traverse, A.

2011-01-01

460

Building and Home Maintenance Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task-based curriculum guide for building and home maintenance services is intended to help the teacher develop a classroom management system where students learn by doing. Introductory materials include a Dictionary of Occupational Titles job code and title sheet, a career ladder, a matrix relating duty/task numbers to job titles, and a task…

Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Agriculture and Natural Resources Education Inst.

461

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 282 - State Requirements Incorporated by Reference in Part 282 of the Code of Federal Regulations  

...06Performance Standards for New UST Systems. Section .07Upgrading...Section 411.40Waivers. (2) New Hampshire Code of Administrative...412.09Investigation Due to Discovery of Discharges from Unknown Sources... Section 412.14Waivers.New Mexico (a) The...

2014-07-01

462

Error-correction coding  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report describes the progress made towards the completion of a specific task on error-correcting coding. The proposed research consisted of investigating the use of modulation block codes as the inner code of a concatenated coding system in order to improve the overall space link communications performance. The study proposed to identify and analyze candidate codes that will complement the performance of the overall coding system which uses the interleaved RS (255,223) code as the outer code.

Hinds, Erold W. (Principal Investigator)

1996-01-01

463

Coding Theorems for Individual Sequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

A quantity called the {em finite-state} complexity is assigned to every infinite sequence of elements drawn from a finite sot. This quantity characterizes the largest compression ratio that can be achieved in accurate transmission of the sequence by any finite-state encoder (and decoder). Coding theorems and converses are derived for an individual sequence without any probabilistic characterization, and universal data

Jacob Ziv

1978-01-01

464

ASME Code Efforts Supporting HTGRs  

SciTech Connect

In 1999, an international collaborative initiative for the development of advanced (Generation IV) reactors was started. The idea behind this effort was to bring nuclear energy closer to the needs of sustainability, to increase proliferation resistance, and to support concepts able to produce energy (both electricity and process heat) at competitive costs. The U.S. Department of Energy has supported this effort by pursuing the development of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant, a high temperature gas-cooled reactor. This support has included research and development of pertinent data, initial regulatory discussions, and engineering support of various codes and standards development. This report discusses the various applicable American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) codes and standards that are being developed to support these high temperature gascooled reactors during construction and operation. ASME is aggressively pursuing these codes and standards to support an international effort to build the next generation of advanced reactors so that all can benefit.

D.K. Morton

2012-09-01

465

ASME Code Efforts Supporting HTGRs  

SciTech Connect

In 1999, an international collaborative initiative for the development of advanced (Generation IV) reactors was started. The idea behind this effort was to bring nuclear energy closer to the needs of sustainability, to increase proliferation resistance, and to support concepts able to produce energy (both electricity and process heat) at competitive costs. The U.S. Department of Energy has supported this effort by pursuing the development of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant, a high temperature gas-cooled reactor. This support has included research and development of pertinent data, initial regulatory discussions, and engineering support of various codes and standards development. This report discusses the various applicable American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) codes and standards that are being developed to support these high temperature gascooled reactors during construction and operation. ASME is aggressively pursuing these codes and standards to support an international effort to build the next generation of advanced reactors so that all can benefit.

D.K. Morton

2011-09-01

466

Large Build Teams: Help or Hindrance?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Should we use build and deployment teams on large projects? Build and deployment work often emerges as a specialization on project teams. This specialization be- comes important on medium to large projects as the com- plexity of deploying code and configuring enterprise envi- ronments increases. However, how do we coordinate the work of this team with the work of the

Julian Simpson; Shane Duan

2007-01-01

467

Rate 3/4 convolutional coding of 16-PSK - Code design and performance study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Convolutional coding coupled with 16-PSK modulation is investigated for bandwidth efficient transmission. Rate 3/4, small memory codes are found which are optimized in the free-distance sense on the Gaussian channel. These codes provide up to 4.8 dB of coding gain with 32 states over uncoded 8-PSK, a scheme having the same spectral efficiency as the codes described. The performance is compared with earlier findings of Ungerboeck and some recent results on R = 2/3 coded 8-PSK. In addition, results of a channel transmission study to assess the performance of the four-state code on the band-limited nonlinear channel are presented, and it is found that performance of the coded scheme degrades comparably with uncoded 8-PSK, i.e., coding gain is roughly preserved.

Wilson, S. G.; Sleeper, H. A.; Schottler, P. J.; Lyons, M. T.

1984-01-01

468

Building Air Quality Alliance Program fro Building Management  

E-print Network

guide) This manual has been widely applauded as the state-of- the-art guide to good indoor air management. Despite Building Air Quality's wide availability, EPA and other organizations continue to learn of indoor air problems that could be easily... Air Quality guide. Since understanding the Building Air Qimlify guide is essential to providing a building air quality program, it should be used as the starting point for program development. The Alliance provides a Manual that contains an Action...

Kettler, G. J.

1998-01-01

469

Exterior building details of Building A; west façade: white painted ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building A; west façade: white painted brick wall of road and second level, road level: paired four-light casement window and a small single-light wood casement window; second level: four-over-four wood double-hung window and a six-light horizontal pivot over a three-light fixed window; easterly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

470

VIEW OF BUILDING 440 LOOKING WEST, NORTHWEST. BUILDING 440, THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF BUILDING 440 LOOKING WEST, NORTHWEST. BUILDING 440, THE TRANSPORT MODIFICATION CENTER, CONSISTS OF FOUR HIGH-BAY CORRUGATED METAL STRUCTURES. BUILDING 440 WAS USED FOR PACKAGING AND STAGING SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIALS AND DEPLETED URANIUM FOR SHIPMENT AND TO MODIFY VEHICLES TO MEET SPECIFIC UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REQUIREMENTS. (2/8/84) - Rocky Flats Plant, Transport Modification Center, North of Cactus Avenue, approximately 400 feet east of Third Street, Golden, Jefferson County, CO

471

Exterior building details of Building B, east façade: embedded wood ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Exterior building details of Building B, east façade: embedded wood beams and interrupted dentil course cornice resulting from the removal of the third floor tuberculosis ward, yard level paneled Dutch door, second level two a typical six-light wood casement windows over a single-panel wood door with four light exits to fire escape; westerly view - San Quentin State Prison, Building 22, Point San Quentin, San Quentin, Marin County, CA

472

Report of Ad Hoc Committee on Energy Efficiency in Large Buildings to the Interdepartmental Fuel and Energy Committee of the State of New York.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unwarranted amounts of energy are wasted each year in providing major public and privately owned buildings and the desired environment within them. Improved design, construction, and maintenance and operation can save significant amounts of energy without impairment of these processes throughout the life cycle of these buildings, arbitrarily…

New York State Interdepartmental Fuel and Energy Committee, Albany.

473

Introduction Properties of Expander Codes  

E-print Network

of Expander Codes Our Results Conclusions Background Basic Definitions LDPC Codes Expander Codes Turbo CodesIntroduction Properties of Expander Codes Our Results Conclusions Expander Codes: Constructions, Haifa 32000, Israel. Vitaly Skachek Expander Codes: Constructions and Bounds #12;Introduction Properties

Skachek, Vitaly

474

Building Blueprints: Looking Toward the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights Kent State University's (Ohio) conversion of its physical education building to a technology building that features fiber optics and advanced cabling systems. Photos and a floor plan are included. (GR)

College Planning & Management, 2001

2001-01-01

475

Building Commissioning in the USA  

E-print Network

Building Commissioning in the USA Natascha Castro, Annex 47- US Team Leader National Institute of Standards and Technology Hannah Friedman, Cost-Benefit Subtask Leader Portland Energy Conservation, Inc. Asian Pacific Conference on Building... Commissioning November 7, 2006 US Team Acknowledgement TAMUCERLSlides are derived from PECI?s?State of the Industry? presentationand US Team contributions US Team Presentation Outline? The U.S. Market ? What is Building Commissioning? Potential? Current Practice...

Castro, N.; Friedman, H.

2006-01-01

476

Highly available virtual machines with network coding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Erasure coding has been proposed in distributed storage systems for both high data reliability and low storage redundancy. With virtualization, virtual machines (VMs) are essentially defined by software and by their memory states, and erasure coding can be used in the same manner as in storage for high reliability and availability. Each VM can backup its memory state to a

Wai-Leong Yeow; Cedric Westphal; Ulas C. Kozat

2011-01-01

477

Building Migratory Bridges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Building Migratory Bridges (BOMB) program--a collaboration between the Marvel wood School and Audubon Sharon in Connecticut and Conservation Research Education Action (CR EA), a U.S. not-for-profit in Panama--uses nontropical migratory bird research in the United States and Panama to demonstrate how negative environmental impacts in one…

Roy, Michael; Doss, Laurie K.

2007-01-01

478

A Magnetic Diagnostic Code for 3D Fusion Equilibria  

SciTech Connect

A synthetic magnetic diagnostics code for fusion equilibria is presented. This code calculates the response of various magnetic diagnostics to the equilibria produced by the VMEC and PIES codes. This allows for treatment of equilibria with both good nested flux surfaces and those with stochastic regions. DIAGNO v2.0 builds upon previous codes through the implementation of a virtual casing principle. The code is validated against a vacuum shot on the Large Helical Device (LHD) where the vertical field was ramped. As an exercise of the code, the diagnostic response for various equilibria are calculated on the LHD.

Samuel A. Lazerson, S. Sakakibara and Y. Suzuki

2013-03-12

479

A Magnetic Diagnostic Code for 3D Fusion Equilibria  

SciTech Connect

A synthetic magnetic diagnostics code for fusion equilibria is presented. This code calculates the response of various magnetic diagnostics to the equilibria produced by the VMEC and PIES codes. This allows for treatment of equilibria with both good nested flux surfaces and those with stochastic regions. DIAGNO v2.0 builds upon previous codes through the implementation of a virtual casing principle. The codes is validated against a vacuum shot on the Large Helical Device where the vertical field was ramped. As an exercise of the code, the diagnostic response for various equilibria are calculated on the Large Helical Device (LHD).

Samuel Aaron Lazerson

2012-07-27

480

Building debris  

E-print Network

This thesis relates architectural practices to intelligent use of resources and the reuse of derelict spaces. The initial investigation of rammed earth as a building material is followed by site-specific operations at the ...

Dahmen, Joseph (Joseph F. D.)

2006-01-01

481

Library Buildings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines a century of library architecture in relation to the changing perceptions of library functions, the development of building techniques and materials, fluctuating esthetic fashions and sometimes wildly erratic economic climates. (Author)

Allen, Walter C.

1976-01-01

482

Building Sandcastles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive application young children become familiar with 3-dimensional shapes by matching a variety of shapes in order to build a sandcastle. There are two levels of play, parent pointers, and hints to help out along the way.

2014-01-01

483

Team Building  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Employee involvement, teams, and employee empowerment enable people to make decisions about their work. This emp